Text: S.1790 — 116th Congress (2019-2020)All Information (Except Text)

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Enrolled Bill

S. 1790


AT THE FIRST SESSION

Begun and held at the City of Washington on Thursday,
the third day of January, two thousand and nineteen

    To authorize appropriations for fiscal year 2020 for military activities of the Department of Defense, for military construction, and for defense activities of the Department of Energy, to prescribe military personnel strengths for such fiscal year, and for other purposes.

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled,

SECTION 1. Short title.

This Act may be cited as the “National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2020”.

SEC. 2. Organization of Act into divisions; table of contents.

(a) Divisions.—This Act is organized into four divisions as follows:

(1) Division A—Department of Defense Authorizations.

(2) Division B—Military Construction Authorizations.

(3) Division C—Department of Energy National Security Authorizations and Other Authorizations.

(4) Division D—Funding Tables.

(5) Division E—Intelligence Authorizations for Fiscal Years 2018, 2019, and 2020.

(6) Division F—Other Matters.

(b) Table of contents.—The table of contents for this Act is as follows:


Sec. 1. Short title.

Sec. 2. Organization of Act into divisions; table of contents.

Sec. 3. Congressional defense committees.

Sec. 4. Budgetary effects of this Act.

Sec. 101. Authorization of appropriations.

Sec. 111. Authority of the Secretary of the Army to waive certain limitations related to the Distributed Common Ground System-Army Increment 1.

Sec. 121. Ford-class aircraft carrier cost limitation baselines.

Sec. 122. Modification of annual report on cost targets for certain aircraft carriers.

Sec. 123. Refueling and complex overhauls of the U.S.S. John C. Stennis and U.S.S. Harry S. Truman.

Sec. 124. Ford class aircraft carrier support for F–35C aircraft.

Sec. 125. Prohibition on use of funds for reduction of aircraft carrier force structure.

Sec. 126. Modification of prohibition on availability of funds for Navy waterborne security barriers.

Sec. 127. LHA Replacement Amphibious Assault Ship Program.

Sec. 128. Strategic sealift fleet vessel.

Sec. 129. Design and construction of amphibious transport dock designated LPD–31.

Sec. 130. Limitation on availability of funds for the Littoral Combat Ship.

Sec. 131. Limitation on the next new class of Navy large surface combatants.

Sec. 132. Limitation on availability of funds pending quarterly updates on the CH–53K King Stallion helicopter program.

Sec. 133. Limitation on availability of funds for VH–92A helicopter.

Sec. 134. Report on carrier wing and aviation combat element composition.

Sec. 141. Modification of requirement to preserve certain C–5 aircraft.

Sec. 142. OC–135B aircraft recapitalization program.

Sec. 143. Requirement to align Air Force aviation force structure with National Defense Strategy.

Sec. 144. Prohibition on availability of funds for reduction in KC–10 primary mission aircraft inventory.

Sec. 145. Limitation on availability of funds for F–15EX aircraft.

Sec. 146. Limitation on availability of funds for VC–25B aircraft.

Sec. 147. Limitation on availability of funds for RC–26B aircraft.

Sec. 148. Limitation on availability of funds for retirement of RC–135 aircraft.

Sec. 149. Air Force aggressor squadron modernization.

Sec. 150. Air Force plan for Combat Rescue Helicopter fielding.

Sec. 151. Report on feasibility of multiyear contract for procurement of JASSM–ER missiles.

Sec. 152. Report on aircraft fleet of the Civil Air Patrol.

Sec. 153. Sense of Congress on the light attack aircraft initiative of the Air Force.

Sec. 161. Economic order quantity contracting and buy-to-budget acquisition for F–35 aircraft program.

Sec. 162. Relief from contractors for failure to deliver ready-for-issue spare parts for the F–35 aircraft program.

Sec. 163. Limitation on availability of funds for reallocation of Turkish F–35A aircraft to the United States.

Sec. 164. Requirement to establish the use of an Agile DevOps software development solution as an alternative for Joint Strike Fighter Autonomic Logistics Information System.

Sec. 165. F–35 sustainment cost.

Sec. 166. Reports on the progress and performance of the F–35 aircraft program.

Sec. 167. Other reports on the F–35 aircraft program.

Sec. 168. Limitation on availability of funds for communications systems lacking certain resiliency features.

Sec. 169. Repeal of tactical unmanned vehicle common data link requirement.

Sec. 201. Authorization of appropriations.

Sec. 211. Program on enhancement of preparation of dependents of members of Armed Forces for careers in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics.

Sec. 212. Updates to the Department of Defense personnel management authority to attract experts in science and engineering.

Sec. 213. Establishment of joint reserve detachment of the Defense Innovation Unit.

Sec. 214. Research and educational programs and activities for Historically Black Colleges and Universities and Minority-Serving Institutions of Higher Education.

Sec. 215. Modification of authority for prizes for advanced technology achievements.

Sec. 216. Joint hypersonics transition office.

Sec. 217. Modification of proof of concept commercialization program.

Sec. 218. Modification of authority and addition of technology areas for expedited access to technical talent.

Sec. 219. Expansion of coordination in support of national security innovation and entrepreneurial education.

Sec. 220. Modification of defense quantum information science and technology research and development program.

Sec. 221. Understanding of investments in artificial intelligence and development of capabilities by adversaries.

Sec. 222. Advisory role of JASON scientific advisory group.

Sec. 223. Direct Air Capture and Blue Carbon Removal Technology Program.

Sec. 224. Requiring defense microelectronics products and services meet trusted supply chain and operational security standards.

Sec. 225. Development and acquisition strategy to procure secure, low probability of detection data link network capability.

Sec. 226. Establishment of secure next-generation wireless network (5G) infrastructure for the Nevada Test and Training Range and base infrastructure.

Sec. 227. Administration of manufacturing innovation institutes funded by the Department of Defense.

Sec. 228. Research program on foreign malign influence operations.

Sec. 229. Diversification of the research and engineering workforce of the Department of Defense.

Sec. 230. Policy on the talent management of digital expertise and software professionals.

Sec. 231. Digital engineering capability to automate testing and evaluation.

Sec. 232. Process to align policy formulation and emerging technology development.

Sec. 233. Improvement of the Strategic Capabilities Office of the Department of Defense.

Sec. 234. Pilot program on enhanced civics education.

Sec. 235. Technology and national security fellowship.

Sec. 236. Documentation relating to the Advanced Battle Management System.

Sec. 237. Sensor data integration for fifth generation aircraft.

Sec. 238. Sense of Congress on future vertical lift technologies.

Sec. 239. Use of funds for Strategic Environmental Research Program, Environmental Security Technical Certification Program, and Operational Energy Capability Improvement.

Sec. 240. Limitation and report on Indirect Fire Protection Capability Increment 2 capability.

Sec. 251. Master plan for implementation of authorities relating to science and technology reinvention laboratories.

Sec. 252. Infrastructure to support research, development, test, and evaluation missions.

Sec. 253. Energetics plan.

Sec. 254. Strategy and implementation plan for fifth generation information and communications technologies.

Sec. 255. Department-wide software science and technology strategy.

Sec. 256. Artificial intelligence education strategy.

Sec. 257. Cyber science and technology activities roadmap and reports.

Sec. 258. Report on B–52 commercial engine replacement program.

Sec. 259. Commercial edge computing technologies and best practices for Department of Defense warfighting systems.

Sec. 260. Biannual report on the Joint Artificial Intelligence Center.

Sec. 261. Quarterly updates on the Optionally Manned Fighting Vehicle program.

Sec. 262. National Study on Defense Research At Historically Black Colleges and Universities and Other Minority Institutions.

Sec. 263. Study on national security emerging biotechnologies for the Department of Defense.

Sec. 264. Independent study on optimizing resources allocated to Combating Terrorism Technical Support Office.

Sec. 265. Independent assessment of electronic warfare plans and programs.

Sec. 266. Technical correction to Global Research Watch Program.

Sec. 301. Authorization of appropriations.

Sec. 311. Timeline for Clearinghouse review of applications for energy projects that may have an adverse impact on military operations and readiness.

Sec. 312. Authority to accept contributions of funds from applicants for energy projects for mitigation of impacts on military operations and readiness.

Sec. 313. Use of proceeds from sale of recyclable materials.

Sec. 314. Disposal of recyclable materials.

Sec. 315. Department of Defense improvement of previously conveyed utility systems serving military installations.

Sec. 316. Modification of Department of Defense environmental restoration authorities to include Federal Government facilities used by National Guard.

Sec. 317. Use of operational energy cost savings of Department of Defense.

Sec. 318. Sale of electricity from alternate energy and cogeneration production facilities.

Sec. 319. Energy resilience programs and activities.

Sec. 320. Technical and grammatical corrections and repeal of obsolete provisions relating to energy.

Sec. 321. Transfer authority for funding of study and assessment on health implications of per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances contamination in drinking water by Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry.

Sec. 322. Replacement of fluorinated aqueous film-forming foam with fluorine-free fire-fighting agent.

Sec. 323. Prohibition of uncontrolled release of fluorinated aqueous film-forming foam at military installations.

Sec. 324. Prohibition on use of fluorinated aqueous film forming foam for training exercises.

Sec. 325. Real-time sound-monitoring at Navy installations where tactical fighter aircraft operate.

Sec. 326. Development of extreme weather vulnerability and risk assessment tool.

Sec. 327. Removal of barriers that discourage investments to increase military installation resilience.

Sec. 328. Budgeting of Department of Defense relating to extreme weather.

Sec. 329. Prohibition on Perfluoroalkyl Substances and Polyfluoroalkyl Substances in Meals Ready-to-Eat Food Packaging.

Sec. 330. Disposal of materials containing per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances or aqueous film-forming foam.

Sec. 331. Agreements to share monitoring data relating to perfluoroalkyl and polyfluoroalkyl substances and other contaminants of concern.

Sec. 332. Cooperative agreements with States to address contamination by perfluoroalkyl and polyfluoroalkyl substances.

Sec. 333. Plan to phase out use of burn pits.

Sec. 334. Information relating to locations of burn pit use.

Sec. 335. Data quality review of radium testing conducted at certain locations of the Department of the Navy.

Sec. 336. Reimbursement of Environmental Protection Agency for certain costs in connection with the Twin Cities Army Ammunition Plant, Minnesota.

Sec. 337. Pilot program for availability of working-capital funds for increased combat capability through energy optimization.

Sec. 338. Report on efforts to reduce high energy intensity at military installations.

Sec. 341. Short title.

Sec. 342. Definitions.

Sec. 343. Provision of water uncontaminated with perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA) and perfluorooctane sulfonate (PFOS) for agricultural purposes.

Sec. 344. Acquisition of real property by Air Force.

Sec. 345. Remediation plan.

Sec. 351. Materiel readiness metrics and objectives.

Sec. 352. Clarification of authority regarding use of working-capital funds for unspecified minor military construction projects related to revitalization and recapitalization of defense industrial base facilities.

Sec. 353. Modification to limitation on length of overseas forward deployment of naval vessels.

Sec. 354. Extension of temporary installation reutilization authority for arsenals, depots, and plants.

Sec. 355. F–35 Joint Strike Fighter sustainment.

Sec. 356. Report on strategic policy for prepositioned materiel and equipment.

Sec. 357. Pilot program to train skilled technicians in critical shipbuilding skills.

Sec. 358. Requirement for military department inter-service depot maintenance.

Sec. 359. Strategy to improve infrastructure of certain depots of the Department of Defense.

Sec. 361. Readiness reporting.

Sec. 362. Technical correction to deadline for transition to Defense Readiness Reporting System Strategic.

Sec. 363. Report on Navy ship depot maintenance budget.

Sec. 364. Report on Runit Dome.

Sec. 365. Prohibition on subjective upgrades by commanders of unit ratings in monthly readiness reporting on military units.

Sec. 366. Requirement to include foreign language proficiency in readiness reporting systems of Department of Defense.

Sec. 371. Prevention of encroachment on military training routes and military operations areas.

Sec. 372. Expansion and enhancement of authorities on transfer and adoption of military animals.

Sec. 373. Extension of authority for Secretary of Defense to use Department of Defense reimbursement rate for transportation services provided to certain non-Department of Defense entities.

Sec. 374. Extension of authority of Secretary of Transportation to issue non-premium aviation insurance.

Sec. 375. Defense personal property program.

Sec. 376. Public events about Red Hill Bulk Fuel Storage Facility.

Sec. 377. Sense of Congress regarding Innovative Readiness Training program.

Sec. 378. Detonation chambers for explosive ordnance disposal.

Sec. 401. End strengths for active forces.

Sec. 402. Revisions in permanent active duty end strength minimum levels.

Sec. 411. End strengths for Selected Reserve.

Sec. 412. End strengths for Reserves on active duty in support of the reserves.

Sec. 413. End strengths for military technicians (dual status).

Sec. 414. Maximum number of reserve personnel authorized to be on active duty for operational support.

Sec. 415. Authorized strengths for Marine Corps Reserves on active duty.

Sec. 416. Modification of authorized strength of Air Force Reserve serving on full-time reserve component duty for administration of the reserves or the National Guard.

Sec. 421. Military personnel.

Sec. 501. Maker of original appointments in a regular or reserve component of commissioned officers previously subject to original appointment in other type of component.

Sec. 502. Furnishing of adverse information on officers to promotion selection boards.

Sec. 503. Limitation on number of officers recommendable for promotion by promotion selection boards.

Sec. 504. Expansion of authority for continuation on active duty of officers in certain military specialties and career tracks.

Sec. 505. Management policies for joint qualified officers.

Sec. 506. Modification of authorities on management of deployments of members of the Armed Forces and related unit operating and personnel tempo matters.

Sec. 507. Personnel tempo of the Armed Forces and the United States Special Operations Command during periods of inapplicability of high-deployment limitations.

Sec. 508. Permanent authority to defer past age 64 the retirement of chaplains in general and flag officer grades.

Sec. 509. Higher grade in retirement for officers following reopening of determination or certification of retired grade.

Sec. 510. Authority of promotion boards to recommend that officers of particular merit be placed higher on promotion list.

Sec. 510A. Availability on the internet of certain information about officers serving in general or flag officer grades.

Sec. 510B. Functional badge or insignia upon commission for chaplains.

Sec. 511. Modification of grade level threshold for Junior Reserve Officers’ Training Corps.

Sec. 512. Inclusion of STEM in courses of instruction for the Junior Reserve Officers’ Training Corps.

Sec. 513. Inclusion of homeschooled students in Junior Reserve Officers' Training Corps units.

Sec. 514. Clarification of eligibility to serve as Commander, Marine Forces Reserve.

Sec. 515. Extension and periodic evaluation of suicide prevention and resilience program for the reserve components.

Sec. 516. Authority to defer mandatory separation at age 68 of officers in medical specialties in the reserve components.

Sec. 517. Modernization of inspection authorities applicable to the National Guard.

Sec. 518. Consultation with Chief of the National Guard Bureau in the appointment or designation of National Guard property and fiscal officers.

Sec. 519. Coast Guard Junior Reserve Officers’ Training Corps.

Sec. 520. Repeal of requirement for review of certain Army Reserve officer unit vacancy promotions by commanders of associated active duty units.

Sec. 520A. Report on methods to enhance domestic response to large scale, complex and catastrophic disasters.

Sec. 520B. Report and briefing on the Senior Reserve Officers' Training Corps.

Sec. 520C. Sense of Congress on increase in number of Junior Reserve Officers' Training Corps units.

Sec. 521. Advice and counsel of trauma experts in review by boards for correction of military records and discharge review boards of certain claims.

Sec. 522. Reduction in required number of members of discharge review boards.

Sec. 523. Establishment of process to review a request for upgrade of discharge or dismissal.

Sec. 524. Prohibition on reduction in the number of personnel assigned to duty with a service review agency.

Sec. 525. Training of members of boards for correction of military records and discharge review boards on sexual trauma, intimate partner violence, spousal abuse, and related matters.

Sec. 526. Time requirements for certification of honorable service.

Sec. 527. Correction of certain discharge characterizations.

Sec. 528. Development of guidelines for use of unofficial sources of information to determine eligibility of members and former members of the Armed Forces for decorations when the service records are incomplete because of damage to the official record.

Sec. 529. Strategic plan for diversity and inclusion.

Sec. 530. Study regarding screening individuals who seek to enlist in the Armed Forces.

Sec. 530A. Feasibility study regarding notification to Secretary of Homeland Security of honorable discharges of non-citizens.

Sec. 530B. Sense of Congress regarding accession physicals.

Sec. 531. Expansion of pre-referral matters reviewable by military judges and military magistrates in the interest of efficiency in military justice.

Sec. 532. Command influence.

Sec. 533. Statute of limitations for certain offenses.

Sec. 534. Public access to dockets, filings, and court records of courts-martial or other records of trial of the military justice system.

Sec. 535. Extension of Defense Advisory Committee on Investigation, Prosecution, and Defense of Sexual Assault in the Armed Forces.

Sec. 536. Authority for return of personal property to victims of sexual assault who file a Restricted Report before conclusion of related proceedings.

Sec. 537. Guidelines on sentences for offenses committed under the Uniform Code of Military Justice.

Sec. 538. Notification of significant events and documentation of preference for prosecution jurisdiction for victims of sexual assault.

Sec. 539. Increase in number of digital forensic examiners for certain military criminal investigative organizations.

Sec. 540. Increase in investigative personnel and Victim Witness Assistance Program liaisons.

Sec. 540A. Training for sexual assault initial disposition authorities on exercise of disposition authority for sexual assault and collateral offenses.

Sec. 540B. Training for commanders in the Armed Forces on their role in all stages of military justice in connection with sexual assault.

Sec. 540C. Timely disposition of nonprosecutable sex-related offenses.

Sec. 540D. Department of Defense-wide policy and military department-specific programs on reinvigoration of the prevention of sexual assault involving members of the Armed Forces.

Sec. 540E. Recommendations on separate punitive article in the Uniform Code of Military Justice on sexual harassment.

Sec. 540F. Report on military justice system involving alternative authority for determining whether to prefer or refer changes for felony offenses under the Uniform Code of Military Justice.

Sec. 540G. Report on standardization among the military departments in collection and presentation of information on matters within the military justice system.

Sec. 540H. Report on expansion of Air Force safe to report policy across the Armed Forces.

Sec. 540I. Assessment of racial, ethnic, and gender disparities in the military justice system.

Sec. 540J. Pilot programs on defense investigators in the military justice system.

Sec. 540K. Report on preservation of recourse to restricted report on sexual assault for victims of sexual assault following certain victim or third-party communications.

Sec. 540L. Report on establishment of guardian ad litem program for certain military dependents who are a victim or witness of an offense under the Uniform Code of Military Justice involving abuse or exploitation.

Sec. 540M. Comptroller General of the United States report on implementation by the Armed Forces of recent statutory requirements on sexual assault prevention and response in the military.

Sec. 540N. Sense of Congress on the Port Chicago 50.

Sec. 541. Improvement of certain Special Victims' Counsel authorities.

Sec. 542. Availability of Special Victims' Counsel at military installations.

Sec. 543. Notification of issuance of military protective order to civilian law enforcement.

Sec. 544. Copyright protection for civilian faculty of certain accredited institutions.

Sec. 545. Termination of leases of premises and motor vehicles of servicemembers who incur catastrophic injury or illness or die while in military service.

Sec. 546. Military orders required for termination of leases pursuant to the Servicemembers Civil Relief Act.

Sec. 547. Preservation of right to bring class action under Servicemembers Civil Relief Act.

Sec. 548. Legal counsel for victims of alleged domestic violence offenses.

Sec. 549. Notice to victims of alleged sexual assault of pendency of further administrative action following a determination not to refer to trial by court-martial.

Sec. 550. Treatment of information in Catch a Serial Offender Program for certain purposes.

Sec. 550A. Policies and procedures on registration at military installations of civilian protective orders applicable to members of the Armed Forces assigned to such installations and certain other individuals.

Sec. 550B. Defense Advisory Committee for the Prevention of Sexual Misconduct.

Sec. 550C. Training for Special Victims' Counsel on civilian criminal justice matters in the States of the military installations to which assigned.

Sec. 550D. Enhancing the capability of military criminal investigative organizations to prevent and combat child sexual exploitation.

Sec. 550E. Feasibility study on establishment of database of military protective orders.

Sec. 550F. GAO review of USERRA and SCRA.

Sec. 551. Authority for detail of certain enlisted members of the Armed Forces as students at law schools.

Sec. 552. Inclusion of Coast Guard in Department of Defense STARBASE Program.

Sec. 553. Degree granting authority for United States Army Armament Graduate School; limitation on establishment of certain educational institutions.

Sec. 554. Prohibition on off-duty employment for cadets and midshipmen completing obligated service after graduation.

Sec. 555. Consideration of request for transfer of a cadet or midshipman at a military service academy who is the victim of a sexual assault or related offense.

Sec. 556. Redesignation of the Commandant of the United States Air Force Institute of Technology as the Director and Chancellor of such Institute.

Sec. 557. Eligibility of additional enlisted members for associate degree programs of the Community College of the Air Force.

Sec. 558. Speech disorders of cadets and midshipmen.

Sec. 559. Requirement to continue provision of tuition assistance for members of the Armed Forces.

Sec. 560. Information on institutions of higher education participating in the Department of Defense Tuition Assistance Program.

Sec. 560A. Inclusion of information on free credit monitoring in annual financial literacy briefing.

Sec. 560B. Programs to facilitate the award of private pilot's certificates.

Sec. 561. Requirement to provide information regarding benefits claims to members during TAP counseling.

Sec. 562. Participation of other Federal agencies in the SkillBridge apprenticeship and internship program for members of the Armed Forces.

Sec. 563. First modification of elements of report on the improved Transition Assistance Program.

Sec. 564. Second modification of elements of report on the improved Transition Assistance Program.

Sec. 565. Prohibition on gender-segregated training at Marine Corps Recruit Depots.

Sec. 566. Assessment of deaths of recruits under the jurisdiction of the Secretaries of the military departments.

Sec. 567. Review of Department of Defense training programs regarding disinformation campaigns.

Sec. 568. Command matters in connection with transition assistance programs.

Sec. 569. Machine readability and electronic transferability of Certificate of Release or Discharge from Active Duty (DD Form 214).

Sec. 570. Records of service for Reserves.

Sec. 570A. Limitations and requirements in connection with separations for members of the Armed Forces who suffer from mental health conditions in connection with a sex-related, intimate partner violence-related, or spousal-abuse offense.

Sec. 570B. Prohibition on involuntary separation of certain members of the Armed Forces; consideration of military service in removal determinations.

Sec. 570C. Inclusion of question regarding immigration status on preseparation counseling checklist (DD Form 2648).

Sec. 570D. Counseling for members of the Armed Forces who are not citizens of the United States on naturalization in the United States.

Sec. 570E. Pilot program on information sharing between Department of Defense and designated relatives and friends of members of the Armed Forces regarding the experiences and challenges of military service.

Sec. 570F. Connections of members retiring or separating from the Armed Forces with community-based organizations and related entities.

Sec. 570G. Pilot program regarding online application for the Transition Assistance Program.

Sec. 571. Authorizing members to take leave for a birth or adoption in more than one increment.

Sec. 572. Deferred deployment for members who give birth.

Sec. 573. Authority of the Secretary concerned to transport remains of a covered decedent to no more than two places selected by the person designated to direct disposition of the remains.

Sec. 574. Military funeral honors matters.

Sec. 575. Improvement of occupational license portability for relocated spouses of members of the uniformed services.

Sec. 576. Continued eligibility for education and training opportunities for spouses of promoted members.

Sec. 577. Modification to authority to reimburse for State licensure and certification costs of a spouse of a servicemember arising from relocation.

Sec. 578. Clarification regarding eligibility to transfer entitlement under Post-9/11 Educational Assistance Program.

Sec. 579. Annual State report card.

Sec. 580. Improvements to child care for members of the Armed Forces.

Sec. 580A. Transportation of remains of casualties; travel expenses for next of kin.

Sec. 580B. Meetings of officials of the Department of Defense with representative groups of survivors of deceased members of the Armed Forces.

Sec. 580C. Information and opportunities for registration for voting and absentee ballot requests for members of the Armed Forces undergoing deployment overseas.

Sec. 580D. Study on two-way military ballot barcode tracking.

Sec. 580E. Assistance to schools with military dependent students.

Sec. 580F. First expansion of the My Career Advancement Account program for military spouses.

Sec. 580G. Second expansion of the My Career Advancement Account program for military spouses.

Sec. 580H. Report on training and support available to military spouses.

Sec. 580I. Ri’katak Guest Student Program at United States Army Garrison−Kwajalein Atoll.

Sec. 581. Modification of authorities on eligibility for and replacement of gold star lapel buttons.

Sec. 582. Standardization of honorable service requirement for award of military decorations.

Sec. 583. Authorization for award of the Medal of Honor to John J. Duffy for acts of valor in Vietnam.

Sec. 584. Review of World War I valor medals.

Sec. 591. Clarification of the term “assault” for purposes of Workplace and Gender Relations Surveys.

Sec. 592. Inclusion of certain veterans on temporary disability or permanent disabled retirement lists in military adaptive sports programs.

Sec. 593. Questions in surveys regarding extremist activity in the workplace.

Sec. 594. Study on best practices for providing financial literacy education for separating members of the Armed Forces.

Sec. 595. Report on oversight of authorized strengths of certain grades of commissioned regular and reserve officers of the Armed Forces.

Sec. 596. Report on certain waivers.

Sec. 597. Notifications on manning of afloat naval forces.

Sec. 598. Report regarding use of aerial systems of the Department of Defense to support agencies of States, Territories, and the Federal Government.

Sec. 599. Information for members of the Armed Forces on availability of services of the Department of Veterans Affairs relating to sexual trauma.

Sec. 599A. Authority to issue an honorary promotion to Colonel Charles E. McGee, United States Air Force (ret.), to the grade of brigadier general.

Sec. 599B. Authority to issue an honorary and posthumous promotion to Lieutenant Colonel Richard Cole, United States Air Force (ret.), to the grade of colonel.

Sec. 599C. Sense of Congress on the honorable and distinguished service of General Joseph F. Dunford, United States Marine Corps, to the United States.

Sec. 601. Clarification of continuation of pays during hospitalization and rehabilitation resulting from wounds, injury, or illness incurred while on duty in a hostile fire area or exposed to an event of hostile fire or other hostile action.

Sec. 602. Continued entitlements while a member of the Armed Forces participates in a career intermission program.

Sec. 603. Exemption from repayment of voluntary separation pay.

Sec. 604. Consideration of service on active duty to reduce age of eligibility for retired pay for non-regular service.

Sec. 605. Temporary adjustment of rates of basic allowance for housing following determination that local civilian housing costs significantly differ from such rates.

Sec. 606. Reinvestment of travel refunds by the Department of Defense.

Sec. 607. Addition of partial dislocation allowance to allowable travel and transportation expenses for servicemembers.

Sec. 608. Reductions on account of earnings from work performed while entitled to an annuity supplement.

Sec. 609. Increase in basic pay.

Sec. 611. One-year extension of certain expiring bonus and special pay authorities.

Sec. 621. Expansion of eligibility for exceptional transitional compensation for dependents to dependents of current members.

Sec. 622. Phase-out of reduction of Survivor Benefit Plan survivor annuities by amount of dependency and indemnity compensation.

Sec. 623. Death gratuity for ROTC graduates.

Sec. 624. Expansion of authority to provide financial assistance to civilian providers of child care services or youth program services who provide such services to survivors of members of the Armed Forces who die in combat in the line of duty.

Sec. 625. Casualty assistance for survivors of deceased ROTC graduates.

Sec. 631. Defense resale system matters.

Sec. 632. Procurement by commissary stores of certain locally sourced products.

Sec. 633. GAO review of defense resale optimization study.

Sec. 641. Extension of certain morale, welfare, and recreation privileges to Foreign Service officers on mandatory home leave.

Sec. 642. Extension of pilot program on a Government lodging program.

Sec. 651. Annual reports on approval of employment or compensation of retired general or flag officers by foreign governments for emoluments clause purposes.

Sec. 652. Report regarding transition from overseas housing allowance to basic allowance for housing for servicemembers in the territories.

Sec. 653. Report on extension to members of the reserve components of the Armed Forces of special and incentive pays for members of the Armed Forces not currently payable to members of the reserve components.

Sec. 654. Study regarding recoupment of separation pay, special separation benefits, and voluntary separation incentive payments from members of the Armed Forces and veterans who receive disability compensation under laws administered by the Secretary of Veterans Affairs.

Sec. 655. Report on implementation of contributions to the Department of Defense Military Retirement Fund based on pay costs per Armed Force rather than on Armed Forces-wide basis.

Sec. 656. Report on food insecurity among members of the Armed Forces and their dependents.

Sec. 701. Modification of eligibility for TRICARE Reserve Select for certain members of the Selected Reserve.

Sec. 702. TRICARE payment options for retirees and their dependents.

Sec. 703. Lead level screening and testing for children.

Sec. 704. Exposure to open burn pits and toxic airborne chemicals or other airborne contaminants as part of periodic health assessments and other physical examinations.

Sec. 705. Enhancement of recordkeeping with respect to exposure by members of the Armed Forces to certain occupational and environmental hazards while deployed overseas.

Sec. 706. Modifications to post-deployment mental health assessments for members of the Armed Forces deployed in support of a contingency operation.

Sec. 707. Provision of blood testing for firefighters of Department of Defense to determine exposure to perfluoroalkyl and polyfluoroalkyl substances.

Sec. 711. Modification of organization of military health system.

Sec. 712. Support by military health system of medical requirements of combatant commands.

Sec. 713. Requirements for certain prescription drug labels.

Sec. 714. Officers authorized to command Army dental units.

Sec. 715. Improvements to interagency program office of the Department of Defense and the Department of Veterans Affairs.

Sec. 716. Expansion of strategy to improve acquisition of managed care support contracts under TRICARE program.

Sec. 717. Inclusion of blast exposure history in medical records of members of the Armed Forces.

Sec. 718. Comprehensive policy for provision of mental health care to members of the Armed Forces.

Sec. 719. Limitation on the realignment or reduction of military medical manning end strength.

Sec. 720. Strategy to recruit and retain mental health providers.

Sec. 721. Development of partnerships to improve combat casualty care for personnel of the Armed Forces.

Sec. 722. Modification to referrals for mental health services.

Sec. 731. Authorization of claims by members of the uniformed services against the United States for personal injury or death caused by medical malpractice.

Sec. 732. Extension and clarification of authority for Joint Department of Defense-Department of Veterans Affairs Medical Facility Demonstration Fund.

Sec. 733. Appointment of non-ex officio members of the Henry M. Jackson Foundation for the Advancement of Military Medicine.

Sec. 734. Establishment of Academic Health System in National Capital Region.

Sec. 735. Provision of veterinary services by veterinary professionals of the Department of Defense in emergencies.

Sec. 736. Three-year extension of authority to continue the DOD-VA Health Care Sharing Incentive Fund.

Sec. 737. Preservation of resources of the Army Medical Research and Materiel Command and continuation as Center of Excellence.

Sec. 738. Encouragement of participation in Women’s Health Transition Training pilot program.

Sec. 739. National Guard suicide prevention pilot program.

Sec. 740. Pilot Program on civilian and military partnerships to enhance interoperability and medical surge capability and capacity of National Disaster Medical System.

Sec. 741. Reports on suicide among members of the Armed Forces and suicide prevention programs and activities of the Department of Defense.

Sec. 742. Modification of requirements for longitudinal medical study on blast pressure exposure of members of the Armed Forces and collection of exposure information.

Sec. 743. Study and plan on the use of military-civilian integrated health delivery systems.

Sec. 744. Study on case management in the military health system.

Sec. 745. Report on Global Health Security Strategy and the National Biodefense Security.

Sec. 746. Study on establishment of wounded warrior service dog program.

Sec. 747. GAO report on Department of Defense quality assurance program and impacts of medical malpractice actions.

Sec. 748. Reports on Millennium Cohort Study relating to women members of the Armed Forces.

Sec. 749. Study on effects of sleep deprivation on readiness of members of the Armed Forces.

Sec. 750. Study and report on traumatic brain injury mitigation efforts.

Sec. 800. Authority for continuous integration and delivery of software applications and upgrades to embedded systems.

Sec. 801. Pilot program on intellectual property evaluation for acquisition programs.

Sec. 802. Pilot program to use alpha contracting teams for complex requirements.

Sec. 803. Failure to provide other than certified cost or pricing data upon request.

Sec. 804. Comptroller General report on price reasonableness.

Sec. 805. Limitation on transfer of funds related to cost overruns and cost underruns.

Sec. 806. Standardizing data collection and reporting on use of source selection procedures by Federal agencies.

Sec. 807. Department of Defense use of fixed-price contracts.

Sec. 808. Repeal of continuation of data rights during challenges.

Sec. 809. Repeal of authority to waive acquisition laws to acquire vital national security capabilities.

Sec. 810. Repeal of the Defense Cost Accounting Standards Board.

Sec. 815. Modification of Director of Operational Test and Evaluation report.

Sec. 816. Modification of written approval requirement for task and delivery order single contract awards.

Sec. 817. Responsibility for data analysis and requirements validation for services contracts.

Sec. 818. Documentation of market research related to commercial item determinations.

Sec. 819. Availability of data on the use of other transaction authority and report on the use of authority to carry out prototype projects.

Sec. 820. Notification of Navy procurement production disruptions.

Sec. 821. Modification to acquisition authority of the Commander of the United States Cyber Command.

Sec. 822. Extension of Never Contract With the Enemy.

Sec. 823. Modification of justification and approval requirement for certain Department of Defense contracts.

Sec. 824. Extension of sunset relating to Federal Data Center Consolidation Initiative.

Sec. 825. Pilot program to accelerate contracting and pricing processes.

Sec. 826. Uniformity in application of micro-purchase threshold to certain task or delivery orders.

Sec. 827. Requirement for cost estimates on models of commercial e-commerce portal program.

Sec. 830. Modification of requirements for reporting to Congress on certain acquisition programs.

Sec. 831. Pilot program to streamline decision-making processes for weapon systems.

Sec. 832. Analysis of alternatives pursuant to materiel development decisions.

Sec. 833. Naval vessel certification required before Milestone B approval.

Sec. 835. Extramural acquisition innovation and research activities.

Sec. 836. Report on realignment of the defense acquisition system to implement acquisition reforms.

Sec. 837. Report and limitation on the availability of funds relating to the “middle tier” of acquisition programs.

Sec. 838. Report on intellectual property policy and the cadre of intellectual property experts.

Sec. 839. Guidance and reports relating to covered defense business systems.

Sec. 840. Implementation guidance for use of a modular open system approach.

Sec. 841. Limitation on availability of funds for the Office of the Chief Management Officer of the Department of Defense.

Sec. 845. Modernization of acquisition processes to ensure integrity of industrial base.

Sec. 846. Report requirements for the national technology and industrial base.

Sec. 847. Mitigating risks related to foreign ownership, control, or influence of Department of Defense contractors or subcontractors.

Sec. 848. Prohibition on operation or procurement of foreign-made unmanned aircraft systems.

Sec. 849. Modification of prohibition on acquisition of sensitive materials from non-allied foreign nations.

Sec. 850. Acquisition and disposal of certain rare earth materials.

Sec. 851. Pilot program for development of technology-enhanced capabilities with partnership intermediaries.

Sec. 852. Authorized official to carry out the procurement technical assistance cooperative agreement program.

Sec. 853. Requirement that certain ship components be manufactured in the national technology and industrial base.

Sec. 854. Addition of domestically produced stainless steel flatware and dinnerware to the Berry Amendment.

Sec. 855. Application of miscellaneous technology base policies and programs to the Columbia-class submarine program.

Sec. 856. Application of limitation on procurement of goods other than United States goods to the FFG–Frigate Program.

Sec. 857. Sense of Congress regarding consideration of price in procurement of the FFG(X) frigate.

Sec. 860. Establishment of Defense Civilian Training Corps.

Sec. 861. Defense acquisition workforce certification, education, and career fields.

Sec. 862. Software development and software acquisition training and management programs.

Sec. 863. Modification of temporary assignments of Department of Defense employees to a private-sector organization.

Sec. 864. Incentives and consideration for qualified training programs.

Sec. 865. Use of qualified apprentices by military construction contractors.

Sec. 870. Requirements relating to credit for certain small business concern subcontractors.

Sec. 871. Inclusion of best in class designations in annual report on small business goals.

Sec. 872. Reauthorization and improvement of Department of Defense Mentor-Protege Program.

Sec. 873. Accelerated payments applicable to contracts with certain small business concerns under the Prompt Payment Act.

Sec. 874. Postaward explanations for unsuccessful offerors for certain contracts.

Sec. 875. Small business contracting credit for subcontractors that are Puerto Rico businesses or covered territory businesses.

Sec. 876. Technical amendment regarding treatment of certain surviving spouses under the definition of small business concern owned and controlled by service-disabled veterans.

Sec. 877. Extension of loan assistance and deferral eligibility to reservists and members of the National Guard beyond periods of military conflict.

Sec. 878. Modification to the Defense Research and Development Rapid Innovation Program.

Sec. 879. Alignment of the Department of Defense Small Business Innovation Research Program and Small Business Technology Transfer Program with the National Defense Science and Technology Strategy.

Sec. 880. Assistance for small business concerns participating in the SBIR and STTR programs.

Sec. 881. Cybersecurity technical assistance for SBIR and STTR programs.

Sec. 882. Funding for defense research activities of small business concerns.

Sec. 883. Modifications to budget display requirements for the Department of Defense Small Business Innovation Research Program and Small Business Technology Transfer Program.

Sec. 884. Pilot program for domestic investment under the SBIR program.

Sec. 885. Review of guidance to contractors on nondiscrimination on the basis of sex.

Sec. 886. Comptroller General report on contractor violations of certain labor laws.

Sec. 887. Comptroller General report on contingency contracting.

Sec. 888. Policies and procedures for contractors to report gross violations of internationally recognized human rights.

Sec. 889. Comptroller General report on oversight of contractors providing private security functions.

Sec. 890. Prohibition on contracting with persons that have business operations with the Maduro regime.

Sec. 891. Report on the Combating Trafficking in Persons initiative.

Sec. 892. Improved management of information technology and cyberspace investments.

Sec. 893. Modification to requirements for purchase of commercial leasing services pursuant to multiple award contracts.

Sec. 901. Headquarters activities of the Department of Defense matters.

Sec. 902. Clarifying the roles and responsibilities of the Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment and the Under Secretary of Defense for Research and Engineering.

Sec. 903. Return to Chief Information Officer of the Department of Defense of responsibility for business systems and related matters.

Sec. 904. Assessments of responsibilities and authorities of the Chief Management Officer of the Department of Defense.

Sec. 905. Senior Military Advisor for Cyber Policy and Deputy Principal Cyber Advisor.

Sec. 906. Exclusion from limitations on personnel in the Office of the Secretary of Defense and Department of Defense headquarters of fellows appointed under the John S. McCain Defense Fellows Program.

Sec. 911. Codification of Assistant Secretaries for Energy, Installations, and Environment of the Army, Navy, and Air Force.

Sec. 921. Prohibition on ownership or trading of stocks in certain companies by certain officials of the Department of Defense.

Sec. 922. Limitation on consolidation of Defense Media Activity.

Sec. 923. Report on resources to implement the civilian casualty policy of the Department of Defense.

Sec. 951. Short title.

Sec. 952. The Space Force.

Sec. 953. Chief of Space Operations.

Sec. 954. Space Force Acquisition Council.

Sec. 955. Assistant Secretary of Defense for Space Policy.

Sec. 956. Assistant Secretary of the Air Force for Space Acquisition and Integration.

Sec. 957. Service Acquisition Executive of the Department of the Air Force for Space Systems and Programs.

Sec. 958. Conforming amendments and clarification of authorities.

Sec. 959. Effects on military installations.

Sec. 960. Availability of funds.

Sec. 961. Implementation.

Sec. 1001. General transfer authority.

Sec. 1002. Defense Business Audit Remediation Plan.

Sec. 1003. Financial improvement and audit remediation plan.

Sec. 1004. Reporting requirements relating to Department of Defense audits.

Sec. 1005. Inclusion of certain military construction projects in annual reports on unfunded priorities of the Armed Forces and the combatant commands.

Sec. 1006. Prohibition on delegation of responsibility for submittal to Congress of Out-Year Unconstrained Total Munitions Requirements and Out-Year Inventory numbers.

Sec. 1007. Annual budget justification display for service-common and other support and enabling capabilities for special operations forces.

Sec. 1008. Element in annual reports on the Financial Improvement and Audit Remediation Plan on activities with respect to classified programs.

Sec. 1009. Plan of the Department of Defense for financial management information.

Sec. 1010. Update of authorities and renaming of Department of Defense Acquisition Workforce Development Fund.

Sec. 1011. Transparency of accounting firms used to support Department of Defense audit.

Sec. 1012. Modification of required elements of annual reports on emergency and extraordinary expenses of the Department of Defense.

Sec. 1021. Modification of authority to support a unified counterdrug and counterterrorism campaign in Colombia.

Sec. 1022. Extension of authority for joint task forces to provide support to law enforcement agencies conducting counter-terrorism activities.

Sec. 1023. Sense of Congress regarding Department of Defense counterdrug activities in the transit zone and Caribbean basin.

Sec. 1024. Assessment of impact of any planned or proposed border wall on volume of illegal narcotics.

Sec. 1031. Modification of authority to purchase vessels using funds in National Defense Sealift Fund.

Sec. 1032. Use of National Defense Sealift Fund for procurement of two used vessels.

Sec. 1033. Transportation by sea of supplies for the Armed Forces and Defense Agencies.

Sec. 1034. Senior Technical Authority for each naval vessel class.

Sec. 1035. Permanent authority for sustaining operational readiness of littoral combat ships on extended deployment.

Sec. 1036. Formal training for shipboard system programs of record.

Sec. 1037. Report on shipbuilder training and the defense industrial base.

Sec. 1038. Use of competitive procedures for CVN–80 and CVN–81 dual aircraft carrier contract.

Sec. 1039. Report on expanding naval vessel maintenance.

Sec. 1041. Modification of support of special operations to combat terrorism.

Sec. 1042. Extension of prohibition on use of funds for transfer or release of individuals detained at United States Naval Station, Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, to certain countries.

Sec. 1043. Extension of prohibition on use of funds for transfer or release of individuals detained at United States Naval Station, Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, to the United States.

Sec. 1044. Extension of prohibition on use of funds to construct or modify facilities in the United States to house detainees transferred from United States Naval Station, Guantanamo Bay, Cuba.

Sec. 1045. Extension of prohibition on use of funds to close or relinquish control of United States Naval Station, Guantanamo Bay, Cuba.

Sec. 1046. Chief Medical Officer at United States Naval Station, Guantanamo Bay, Cuba.

Sec. 1047. Independent assessment on gender and countering violent extremism.

Sec. 1051. Scheduling of Department of Defense executive aircraft controlled by Secretaries of military departments.

Sec. 1052. Explosive ordnance defense disposal program.

Sec. 1053. Technical correction and extension of reporting requirement regarding enhancement of information sharing and coordination of military training between Department of Homeland Security and Department of Defense.

Sec. 1054. Notification on the provision of defense sensitive support.

Sec. 1055. Revision to authorities relating to mail service for members of the Armed Forces and Department of Defense civilians overseas.

Sec. 1056. Access to and use of military post offices by United States citizens employed overseas by the North Atlantic Treaty Organization who perform functions in support of military operations of the Armed Forces.

Sec. 1057. Expenditure of funds for Department of Defense intelligence and counterintelligence activities.

Sec. 1058. Limitation on use of funds for the inactivation of Army watercraft units.

Sec. 1101. Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency personnel management authority.

Sec. 1102. Report on the probationary period for Department of Defense employees.

Sec. 1103. Civilian personnel management.

Sec. 1104. One-year extension of temporary authority to grant allowances, benefits, and gratuities to civilian personnel on official duty in a combat zone.

Sec. 1105. One-year extension of authority to waive annual limitation on premium pay and aggregate limitation on pay for Federal civilian employees working overseas.

Sec. 1106. Performance of civilian functions by military personnel.

Sec. 1107. Extension of direct hire authority for domestic industrial base facilities and Major Range and Test Facilities Base.

Sec. 1108. Authority to provide additional allowances and benefits for certain Defense Clandestine Service employees.

Sec. 1109. Modification of direct hire authorities for the Department of Defense.

Sec. 1110. Designating certain FEHBP and FEGLI services provided by Federal employees as excepted services under the Anti-Deficiency Act.

Sec. 1111. Continuing supplemental dental and vision benefits and long-term care insurance coverage during a Government shutdown.

Sec. 1112. Limitation on transfer of Office of Personnel Management.

Sec. 1113. Assessment of Accelerated Promotion Program suspension.

Sec. 1114. Reimbursement for Federal, State, and local income taxes incurred during travel, transportation, and relocation.

Sec. 1115. Clarification of limitation on expedited hiring authority for post-secondary students.

Sec. 1116. Modification of temporary assignments of Department of Defense employees to a private-sector organization.

Sec. 1117. Extension of authority for part-time reemployment.

Sec. 1121. Short title.

Sec. 1122. Prohibition on criminal history inquiries prior to conditional offer for Federal employment.

Sec. 1123. Prohibition on criminal history inquiries by contractors prior to conditional offer.

Sec. 1124. Report on employment of individuals formerly incarcerated in Federal prisons.

Sec. 1131. Short title; definition.

Sec. 1132. Hiring of air traffic control specialists.

Sec. 1133. Ensuring hiring preference for applicants with experience at an air traffic control facility of the National Guard.

Sec. 1134. FAA reports on air traffic controller hiring and training.

Sec. 1135. DOT Inspector General review and report.

Sec. 1201. Modification of authority to build capacity of foreign security forces.

Sec. 1202. Modification and extension of cross servicing agreements for loan of personnel protection and personnel survivability equipment in coalition operations.

Sec. 1203. Modifications of authorities relating to acquisition and cross-servicing agreements.

Sec. 1204. Modification of quarterly report on obligation and expenditure of funds for security cooperation programs and activities.

Sec. 1205. Gender perspectives and participation by women in security cooperation activities.

Sec. 1206. Plan to provide consistency of administration of authorities relating to vetting of units of security forces of foreign countries; modification of assessment, monitoring, and evaluation of security cooperation programs and activities.

Sec. 1207. Extension of authority for support of special operations for irregular warfare.

Sec. 1208. Extension and modification of Commanders’ Emergency Response Program and elimination of certain payments to redress injury and loss.

Sec. 1209. Two-year extension of program authority for Global Security Contingency Fund.

Sec. 1210. Legal institutional capacity building initiative for foreign defense institutions.

Sec. 1210A. Department of Defense support for stabilization activities in national security interest of the United States.

Sec. 1211. Extension of authority to transfer defense articles and provide defense services to the military and security forces of Afghanistan.

Sec. 1212. Extension and modification of authority to acquire products and services produced in countries along a major route of supply to Afghanistan.

Sec. 1213. Authority for certain payments to redress injury and loss.

Sec. 1214. Extension and modification of semiannual report on enhancing security and stability in Afghanistan.

Sec. 1215. Special Immigrant Visa program reporting requirement.

Sec. 1216. Meaningful inclusion of Afghan women in peace negotiations.

Sec. 1217. Extension and modification of authority for reimbursement of certain coalition nations for support provided to United States military operations.

Sec. 1218. Support for reconciliation activities led by the Government of Afghanistan.

Sec. 1219. Modification and extension of the Afghan Special Immigrant Visa Program.

Sec. 1221. Modification of authority and limitation on use of funds to provide assistance to counter the Islamic State of Iraq and Syria.

Sec. 1222. Extension and modification of authority to provide assistance to vetted Syrian groups and individuals.

Sec. 1223. Modification of authority to support operations and activities of the Office of Security Cooperation in Iraq.

Sec. 1224. Establishing a coordinator for detained ISIS members and relevant displaced populations in Syria.

Sec. 1225. Report on lessons learned from efforts to liberate Mosul and Raqqah from control of the Islamic State of Iraq and Syria.

Sec. 1226. Expansion of availability of financial assets of Iran to victims of terrorism.

Sec. 1227. Report on the status of deconfliction channels with Iran.

Sec. 1228. Prohibition on provision of weapons and other forms of support to certain organizations.

Sec. 1231. Extension of limitation on military cooperation between the United States and Russia.

Sec. 1232. Prohibition on availability of funds relating to sovereignty of Russia over Crimea.

Sec. 1233. Sense of Congress on updating and modernizing existing agreements to avert miscalculation between the United States and Russia.

Sec. 1234. United States participation in Open Skies Treaty.

Sec. 1235. Modifications of briefing, notification, and reporting requirements relating to non-compliance by the Russian Federation with its obligations under the INF Treaty.

Sec. 1236. Report on treaties relating to nuclear arms control.

Sec. 1237. Reports relating to the New START Treaty.

Sec. 1238. Report on military activities of the Russian Federation and the People's Republic of China in the Arctic region.

Sec. 1239. Updated strategy to counter the threat of malign influence by the Russian Federation and other countries.

Sec. 1241. Sense of Congress on support for the North Atlantic Treaty Organization.

Sec. 1242. Prohibition on the use of funds to suspend, terminate, or provide notice of denunciation of the North Atlantic Treaty.

Sec. 1243. Future years plans and planning transparency for the European Deterrence Initiative.

Sec. 1244. Modification and extension of Ukraine Security Assistance Initiative.

Sec. 1245. Limitation on transfer of F–35 aircraft to Turkey.

Sec. 1246. Baltic defense assessment; extension and modification of security assistance for Baltic countries for joint program for interoperability and deterrence against aggression.

Sec. 1247. Extension of authority for and report on training for Eastern European national security forces in the course of multilateral exercises.

Sec. 1248. Extension and modification of NATO Special Operations Headquarters.

Sec. 1249. North Atlantic Treaty Organization Joint Force Command.

Sec. 1250. Report on North Atlantic Treaty Organization Readiness Initiative.

Sec. 1250A. Repeal of prohibition on transfer of articles on the United States munitions list to the Republic of Cyprus.

Sec. 1251. Modification of Indo-Pacific Maritime Security Initiative.

Sec. 1252. Expansion of Indo-Pacific Maritime Security Initiative and limitation on use of funds.

Sec. 1253. Report on resourcing United States defense requirements for the Indo-Pacific region and study on competitive strategies.

Sec. 1254. Limitation on use of funds to reduce the total number of members of the Armed Forces serving on active duty who are deployed to South Korea.

Sec. 1255. Report on direct, indirect, and burden-sharing contributions of Japan and South Korea.

Sec. 1256. Sense of Congress on security commitments to the Governments of Japan and the Republic of Korea and trilateral cooperation among the United States, Japan, and the Republic of Korea.

Sec. 1257. Sense of Congress on North Korea.

Sec. 1258. Statement of policy and sense of Congress on, and strategy to fulfill obligations under, Mutual Defense Treaty with the Republic of the Philippines.

Sec. 1259. Report on security cooperation with the Philippine National Police.

Sec. 1260. Modification of annual report on military and security developments involving the People’s Republic of China.

Sec. 1260A. Report on foreign military activities in Pacific Island countries.

Sec. 1260B. Report on cybersecurity activities with Taiwan.

Sec. 1260C. Review and report related to the Taiwan Relations Act.

Sec. 1260D. Sense of Congress on enhancement of the United States-Taiwan defense relationship.

Sec. 1260E. Chinese foreign direct investment in countries of the Arctic region.

Sec. 1260F. Sense of Congress on policy toward Hong Kong.

Sec. 1260G. Sense of Congress on enhancing defense and security cooperation with the Republic of Singapore.

Sec. 1260H. Authority to transfer funds for Bien Hoa dioxin cleanup.

Sec. 1260I. Limitation on removal of Huawei Technologies Co. Ltd. from entity list of Bureau of Industry and Security.

Sec. 1260J. Report on ZTE compliance with Superseding Settlement Agreement and Superseding Order.

Sec. 1260K. Report on the lay-down of United States Marines in the Indo-Pacific Region.

Sec. 1261. Modification to report on legal and policy frameworks for the use of military force.

Sec. 1262. Independent review of sufficiency of resources available to United States Southern Command and United States Africa Command.

Sec. 1263. United States Central Command posture assessment and review.

Sec. 1264. Limitation on production of nuclear proliferation assessment statements.

Sec. 1265. Western Hemisphere resource assessment.

Sec. 1266. Human rights in Brazil.

Sec. 1267. Certification relating to assistance for Guatemala.

Sec. 1268. Independent analysis of human rights situation in Honduras.

Sec. 1269. Briefing on strategy to improve the efforts of the Nigerian military to prevent, mitigate, and respond to civilian harm.

Sec. 1270. Report on implications of Chinese military presence in Djibouti.

Sec. 1271. Rule of construction on the permanent stationing of United States Armed Forces in Somalia.

Sec. 1272. Defense and diplomatic strategy for Libya.

Sec. 1273. Prohibition on in-flight refueling to non-United States aircraft that engage in hostilities in the ongoing civil war in Yemen.

Sec. 1274. Report on Saudi-led coalition strikes in Yemen.

Sec. 1275. Reports on expenses incurred for in-flight refueling of Saudi coalition aircraft conducting missions relating to civil war in Yemen.

Sec. 1276. Report on Saudi Arabia’s human rights record.

Sec. 1277. Report on intelligence community assessment relating to the killing of Washington Post columnist Jamal Khashoggi.

Sec. 1278. United States-Israel cooperation to counter unmanned aerial systems.

Sec. 1279. Extension and modification of authority for United States-Israel anti-tunnel cooperation activities.

Sec. 1280. Report on cost imposition strategy.

Sec. 1281. Modification of initiative to support protection of national security academic researchers from undue influence and other security threats.

Sec. 1282. Modification of responsibility for policy on civilian casualty matters.

Sec. 1283. Report on export of certain satellites to entities with certain beneficial ownership structures.

Sec. 1284. Rule of construction relating to the use of military force.

Sec. 1285. Reports and briefings on use of military force and support of partner forces.

Sec. 1301. Funding allocations; specification of cooperative threat reduction funds.

Sec. 1401. Working capital funds.

Sec. 1402. Chemical agents and munitions destruction, defense.

Sec. 1403. Drug interdiction and counter-drug activities, defense-wide.

Sec. 1404. Defense inspector general.

Sec. 1405. Defense health program.

Sec. 1411. Authority for transfer of funds to joint Department of Defense-Department of Veterans Affairs Medical Facility Demonstration Fund for Captain James A. Lovell Health Care Center, Illinois.

Sec. 1412. Authorization of appropriations for Armed Forces Retirement Home.

Sec. 1501. Purpose.

Sec. 1502. Treatment as additional authorizations.

Sec. 1511. Overseas contingency operations.

Sec. 1512. Procurement.

Sec. 1513.  Research, development, test, and evaluation.

Sec. 1514. Operation and maintenance.

Sec. 1515. Military personnel.

Sec. 1516. Working capital funds.

Sec. 1517. Drug interdiction and counter-drug activities, defense-wide.

Sec. 1518. Defense inspector general.

Sec. 1519. Defense health program.

Sec. 1520. Afghanistan security forces fund.

Sec. 1520A. Special transfer authority.

Sec. 1521. Procurement.

Sec. 1522. Research, development, test, and evaluation.

Sec. 1523. Operation and maintenance.

Sec. 1524. Restriction on transfer of funds authorized by this subtitle.

Sec. 1601. Repeal of requirement to establish United States Space Command as a subordinate unified command of the United States Strategic Command.

Sec. 1602. Coordination of modernization efforts relating to military-code capable GPS receiver cards.

Sec. 1603. Demonstration of backup and complementary positioning, navigation, and timing capabilities of Global Positioning System.

Sec. 1604. Annual determination on plan on full integration and exploitation of overhead persistent infrared capability.

Sec. 1605. Space-based environmental monitoring mission requirements.

Sec. 1606. Resilient enterprise ground architecture.

Sec. 1607. Prototype program for multi-global navigation satellite system receiver development.

Sec. 1608. Commercial space situational awareness capabilities.

Sec. 1609. Program to enhance and improve launch support and infrastructure.

Sec. 1610. Preparation to implement plan for use of allied launch vehicles.

Sec. 1611. Independent study on plan for deterrence in space.

Sec. 1612. Study on leveraging diverse commercial satellite remote sensing capabilities.

Sec. 1613. Annual report on Space Command and Control program.

Sec. 1614. Report on space debris.

Sec. 1621. Redesignation of Under Secretary of Defense for Intelligence as Under Secretary of Defense for Intelligence and Security.

Sec. 1622. Modifications to ISR Integration Council and annual briefing requirements.

Sec. 1623. Modification of annual authorization of appropriations for National Flagship Language Initiative.

Sec. 1624. Improving the onboarding methodology for intelligence personnel.

Sec. 1625. Defense Counterintelligence and Security Agency activities on facilitating access to local criminal records historical data.

Sec. 1626. Survey and report on alignment of intelligence collections capabilities and activities with Department of Defense requirements.

Sec. 1627. Reports on Consolidated Adjudication Facility of the Defense Counterintelligence and Security Agency.

Sec. 1628. Report on the expanded purview of the Defense Counterintelligence and Security Agency.

Sec. 1629. Termination of requirement for Department of Defense facility access clearances for joint ventures composed of previously-cleared entities.

Sec. 1631. Matters relating to military operations in the information environment.

Sec. 1632. Notification requirements for sensitive military cyber operations.

Sec. 1633. Evaluation of cyber vulnerabilities of major weapon systems of the Department of Defense.

Sec. 1634. Quarterly assessments of the readiness of Cyber Mission Forces.

Sec. 1635. Cyber posture review.

Sec. 1636. Modification of elements of assessment required for termination of dual-hat arrangement for Commander of the United States Cyber Command.

Sec. 1637. Modification of cyber scholarship program.

Sec. 1638. Tier 1 exercise of support to civil authorities for a cyber incident.

Sec. 1639. Extension of the Cyberspace Solarium Commission.

Sec. 1640. Authority to use operation and maintenance funds for cyber operations-peculiar capability development projects.

Sec. 1641. Role of Chief Information Officer in improving enterprise-wide cybersecurity.

Sec. 1642. Notification of delegation of authorities to the Secretary of Defense for military operations in cyberspace.

Sec. 1643. Limitation of funding for Consolidated Afloat Networks and Enterprise Services.

Sec. 1644. Annual military cyberspace operations report.

Sec. 1645. Annual report on cyber attacks and intrusions against the Department of Defense by certain foreign entities.

Sec. 1646. Control and analysis of Department of Defense data stolen through cyberspace.

Sec. 1647. Use of National Security Agency cybersecurity expertise to support evaluation of commercial cybersecurity products.

Sec. 1648. Framework to enhance cybersecurity of the United States defense industrial base.

Sec. 1649. Report on cybersecurity training programs.

Sec. 1650. National Security Presidential Memorandums relating to Department of Defense operations in cyberspace.

Sec. 1651. Reorientation of Big Data Platform program.

Sec. 1652. Zero-based review of Department of Defense cyber and information technology personnel.

Sec. 1653. Study on improving cyber career paths in the Navy.

Sec. 1654. Accreditation standards and processes for cybersecurity and information technology products and services.

Sec. 1655. Study on future cyber warfighting capabilities of Department of Defense.

Sec. 1656. Study to determine the optimal strategy for structuring and manning elements of the Joint Force Headquarters–Cyber Organizations, Joint Mission Operations Centers, and Cyber Operations–Integrated Planning Elements.

Sec. 1657. Cyber governance structures and Principal Cyber Advisors on military cyber force matters.

Sec. 1658. Designation of test networks for testing and accreditation of cybersecurity products and services.

Sec. 1659. Consortia of universities to advise Secretary of Defense on cybersecurity matters.

Sec. 1660. Joint assessment of Department of Defense cyber red team capabilities, capacity, demand, and requirements.

Sec. 1661. Conforming amendment to Council on Oversight of the National Leadership Command, Control, and Communications System.

Sec. 1662. Modification of authorities relating to nuclear command, control, and communications system.

Sec. 1663. Briefings on meetings held by Nuclear Weapons Council.

Sec. 1664. Consideration of budget matters at meetings of Nuclear Weapons Council.

Sec. 1665. Improvement to annual report on the modernization of the nuclear weapons enterprise.

Sec. 1666. Expansion of officials required to conduct biennial assessments of delivery platforms for nuclear weapons and nuclear command and control system.

Sec. 1667. Extension of annual briefing on costs of forward-deploying nuclear weapons in Europe.

Sec. 1668. Elimination of conventional requirement for long-range standoff weapon.

Sec. 1669. Briefing on long-range standoff weapon and sea-launched cruise missile.

Sec. 1670. Extension of prohibition on availability of funds for mobile variant of ground-based strategic deterrent missile.

Sec. 1671. Reports on development of ground-based strategic deterrent weapon.

Sec. 1672. Prohibition on reduction of the intercontinental ballistic missiles of the United States.

Sec. 1673. Independent study on policy of no-first-use of nuclear weapons.

Sec. 1674. Independent study on risks of nuclear terrorism and nuclear war.

Sec. 1675. Report on military-to-military dialogue to reduce risks of miscalculation leading to nuclear war.

Sec. 1676. Report on nuclear forces of the United States and near-peer countries.

Sec. 1677. Report on operation of conventional forces of military departments under employment or threat of employment of nuclear weapons.

Sec. 1678. Report on operation of conventional forces of certain combatant commands under employment or threat of employment of nuclear weapons.

Sec. 1679. Briefings on plan for future-systems-level architecture of nuclear command, control, and communications systems.

Sec. 1680. Sense of Congress on nuclear deterrence commitments of the United States.

Sec. 1681. National missile defense policy.

Sec. 1682. Development of space-based ballistic missile intercept layer.

Sec. 1683. Development of hypersonic and ballistic missile tracking space sensor payload.

Sec. 1684. Modifications to required testing by Missile Defense Agency of ground-based midcourse defense element of ballistic missile defense system.

Sec. 1685. Iron Dome short-range rocket defense system and Israeli cooperative missile defense program co-development and co-production.

Sec. 1686. Limitation on availability of funds for lower tier air and missile defense sensor.

Sec. 1687. Plan for the redesigned kill vehicle replacement.

Sec. 1688. Organization, authorities, and billets of the Missile Defense Agency.

Sec. 1689. Annual assessment of ballistic missile defense system.

Sec. 1690. Command and control, battle management, and communications program.

Sec. 1691. Missile defense interceptor site in contiguous United States.

Sec. 1692. Independent study on impacts of missile defense development and deployment.

Sec. 1693. Report and briefing on multi-volume kill capability.

Sec. 1694. Extension of authorization for protection of certain facilities and assets from unmanned aircraft.

Sec. 1695. Repeal of requirement for commission on electromagnetic pulse attacks and similar events.

Sec. 1696. Repeal of review requirement for ammonium perchlorate report.

Sec. 1697. Transferability of conventional prompt global strike weapon system technologies to surface-launched platforms.

Sec. 1698. Prohibition on availability of funds for certain offensive ground-launched ballistic or cruise missile systems.

Sec. 1699. Hard and deeply buried targets.

Sec. 1701. Modification of annual reporting requirements on defense manpower.

Sec. 1702. Termination of requirement for submittal to Congress of certain recurring reports.

Sec. 1703. Modification of annual report on civilian casualties in connection with United States military operations.

Sec. 1704. Extension of requirement for briefings on the national biodefense strategy.

Sec. 1705. Authorization of appropriations for title III of the Defense Production Act of 1950.

Sec. 1706. Report on the Department of Defense plan for mass-casualty disaster response operations in the Arctic.

Sec. 1707. Transmittal to Congress of requests for assistance from other departments of the Federal Government that are approved by the Department of Defense.

Sec. 1708. Report and briefing on implementation of national defense strategy.

Sec. 1709. Actions to increase analytic support.

Sec. 1710. Inclusion of certain individuals investigated by Inspectors General in the semiannual report.

Sec. 1711. Annual report on Joint Military Information Support Operations Web Operations Center.

Sec. 1712. Mobility capability requirements study.

Sec. 1713. Assessment of special operations force structure.

Sec. 1714. Army aviation strategic plan and modernization roadmap.

Sec. 1715. Report on ground-based long-range artillery to counter land and maritime threats.

Sec. 1716. Independent review of transportation working-capital fund.

Sec. 1717. Geographic command risk assessment of proposed use of certain aircraft capabilities.

Sec. 1718. Report on backlog of personnel security clearance adjudications.

Sec. 1719. Report regarding outstanding Government Accountability Office recommendations.

Sec. 1720. Report on National Guard and United States Northern Command capacity to meet homeland defense and security incidents.

Sec. 1721. Assessment of standards, processes, procedures, and policy relating to civilian casualties.

Sec. 1722. Report on transfers of equipment to prohibited entities.

Sec. 1723. Annual report on strikes undertaken by the United States against terrorist targets outside areas of active hostilities.

Sec. 1724. Review and assessment of mitigation of military helicopter noise.

Sec. 1731. Technical, conforming, and clerical amendments.

Sec. 1732. Establishment of lead Inspector General for an overseas contingency operation based on Secretary of Defense notification.

Sec. 1733. Clarification of authority of Inspectors General for overseas contingency operations.

Sec. 1734. Employment status of annuitants for Inspectors General for overseas contingency operations.

Sec. 1735. Extension of National Security Commission on Artificial Intelligence.

Sec. 1736. Exemption from calculation of monthly income, for purposes of bankruptcy laws, of certain payments from the Department of Veterans Affairs and the Department of Defense.

Sec. 1737. Extension of postage stamp for breast cancer research.

Sec. 1738. National Commission on Military Aviation Safety.

Sec. 1739. Guarantee of residency for spouses of members of the uniformed services.

Sec. 1740. Electromagnetic pulses and geomagnetic disturbances.

Sec. 1741. Improvements to Manufacturing USA Program.

Sec. 1742. Regional innovation program.

Sec. 1743. Aviation workforce development.

Sec. 1744. Oversight of Department of Defense execute orders.

Sec. 1745. Processes and procedures for notifications regarding special operations forces.

Sec. 1746. Securing American science and technology.

Sec. 1747. Standardized policy guidance for calculating aircraft operation and sustainment costs.

Sec. 1748. Special Federal Aviation Regulation Working Group.

Sec. 1749. Prohibition on names related to the Confederacy.

Sec. 1750. Support for National Maritime Heritage Grants program.

Sec. 1751. Support for world language advancement and readiness.

Sec. 1752. Designation of Department of Defense strategic Arctic ports.

Sec. 1753. Independent studies regarding potential cost savings with respect to the nuclear security enterprise and force structure .

Sec. 1754. Comprehensive Department of Defense policy on collective self-defense.

Sec. 1755. Policy regarding the transition of data and applications to the cloud.

Sec. 1756. Integrated public alert and warning system.

Sec. 1757. Improving quality of information in background investigation request packages.

Sec. 1758. Parole in place for members of the Armed Forces and certain military dependents.

Sec. 1759. Report on reducing the backlog in legally required historical declassification obligations of the Department of Defense.

Sec. 1760. Military type certification for light attack experimentation aircraft.

Sec. 2001. Short title.

Sec. 2002. Expiration of authorizations and amounts required to be specified by law.

Sec. 2003. Effective date.

Sec. 2101. Authorized Army construction and land acquisition projects.

Sec. 2102. Family housing.

Sec. 2103. Authorization of appropriations, Army.

Sec. 2104. Modification of authority to carry out certain fiscal year 2019 projects.

Sec. 2201. Authorized Navy construction and land acquisition projects.

Sec. 2202. Family housing.

Sec. 2203. Improvements to military family housing units.

Sec. 2204. Authorization of appropriations, Navy.

Sec. 2205. Modification of authority to carry out certain fiscal year 2017 project.

Sec. 2301. Authorized Air Force construction and land acquisition projects.

Sec. 2302. Family housing.

Sec. 2303. Improvements to military family housing units.

Sec. 2304. Authorization of appropriations, Air Force.

Sec. 2305. Modification of authorities to carry out phased Joint Intelligence Analysis Complex consolidation.

Sec. 2306. Modification of authority to carry out certain fiscal year 2016 project.

Sec. 2307. Modification of authority to carry out certain fiscal year 2017 project.

Sec. 2308. Modification of authority to carry out certain fiscal year 2018 projects.

Sec. 2309. Modification of authority to carry out certain fiscal year 2019 projects.

Sec. 2401. Authorized Defense Agencies construction and land acquisition projects.

Sec. 2402. Authorized Energy Resilience and Conservation Investment Program projects.

Sec. 2403. Authorization of appropriations, Defense Agencies.

Sec. 2501. Authorized NATO construction and land acquisition projects.

Sec. 2502. Authorization of appropriations, NATO.

Sec. 2511. Republic of Korea funded construction projects.

Sec. 2601. Authorized Army National Guard construction and land acquisition projects.

Sec. 2602. Authorized Army Reserve construction and land acquisition projects.

Sec. 2603. Authorized Navy Reserve and Marine Corps Reserve construction and land acquisition projects.

Sec. 2604. Authorized Air National Guard construction and land acquisition projects.

Sec. 2605. Authorized Air Force Reserve construction and land acquisition projects.

Sec. 2606. Authorization of appropriations, National Guard and Reserve.

Sec. 2701. Authorization of appropriations for base realignment and closure activities funded through Department of Defense base closure account.

Sec. 2702. Prohibition on conducting additional base realignment and closure (BRAC) round.

Sec. 2801. Military installation resilience plans and projects.

Sec. 2802. Improved consultation with tribal governments when proposed military construction projects potentially impact Indian tribes.

Sec. 2803. Increased authority for use of certain appropriations amounts for restoration or replacement of damaged or destroyed facilities.

Sec. 2804. Amendment of Unified Facilities Criteria to promote military installation resilience, energy resilience, energy and climate resiliency, and cyber resilience.

Sec. 2805. Modification to Department of Defense Form 1391 regarding consideration of potential long-term adverse environmental effects.

Sec. 2806. Improved flood risk disclosure for military construction.

Sec. 2807. Prioritization of projects in annual report on unfunded requirements for laboratory military construction projects.

Sec. 2808. Technical corrections and improvements to defense access road resilience.

Sec. 2809. Military construction projects for child development centers at military installations.

Sec. 2810. Prohibition on use of funds to reduce air base resiliency or demolish protected aircraft shelters in the European theater without creating a similar protection from attack.

Sec. 2811. Prohibition on use of funds to close or return certain bases to the host nation.

Sec. 2821. Improved energy security for main operating bases in Europe.

Sec. 2822. Access to Department of Defense installations for credentialed transportation workers.

Sec. 2823. Improved recording and maintaining of Department of Defense real property data.

Sec. 2831. Land conveyance, Hill Air Force Base, Ogden, Utah.

Sec. 2832. Release of interests retained in Camp Joseph T. Robinson, Arkansas, for use of such land as a veterans cemetery.

Sec. 2833. Modification of authorized uses of certain property conveyed by the United States in Los Angeles, California.

Sec. 2834. Transfer of administrative jurisdiction over certain parcels of Federal land in Arlington, Virginia.

Sec. 2841. Public notice regarding upcoming periods of Secretary of the Navy management of Shared Use Area of the Johnson Valley Off-Highway Vehicle Recreation Area.

Sec. 2851. White Sands Missile Range Land Enhancements.

Sec. 2861. Installation and maintenance of fire extinguishers in Department of Defense facilities.

Sec. 2862. Definition of community infrastructure for purposes of military base reuse studies and community planning assistance.

Sec. 2863. Temporary authority for acceptance and use of contributions for certain design and construction projects mutually beneficial to the Department of Defense and the Republic of Korea.

Sec. 2864. Black start exercises at military installations.

Sec. 2865. Pilot program to extend service life of roads and runways under the jurisdiction of the Secretary of Defense.

Sec. 2866. Restrictions on rehabilitation of Over-the-Horizon Backscatter Radar System receiving station, Modoc County, California.

Sec. 2867. Designation of Sumpter Smith Joint National Guard Base.

Sec. 2868. Santa Ynez Band of Chumash Indians land affirmation.

Sec. 2869. Lands to be taken into trust as part of the reservation of the Lytton Rancheria.

Sec. 2870. Little Shell Tribe of Chippewa Indians of Montana.

Sec. 2871. Sense of Congress on restoration of Tyndall Air Force Base.

Sec. 2901. Authorized Army construction and land acquisition projects.

Sec. 2902. Authorized Navy construction and land acquisition projects.

Sec. 2903. Authorized Air Force construction and land acquisition projects.

Sec. 2904. Authorized Defense Agencies construction and land acquisition projects.

Sec. 2905. Authorization of appropriations.

Sec. 2911. Authorization of emergency Navy construction and land acquisition projects.

Sec. 2912. Authorization of emergency Air Force construction and land acquisition projects.

Sec. 2913. Authorization of emergency Army National Guard construction and land acquisition projects.

Sec. 2914. Authorization of emergency Defense Agencies construction and land acquisition projects.

Sec. 2915. Authorization of emergency supplemental appropriations for military construction projects.

Sec. 3001. Definitions.

Sec. 3011. Improved accountability and oversight of privatized military housing and protections and responsibilities for tenants of privatized military housing.

Sec. 3012. Designation of Chief Housing Officer for privatized military housing.

Sec. 3013. Additional requirements relating to contracts for privatized military housing.

Sec. 3014. Additional requirements relating to management of privatized military housing.

Sec. 3015. Consideration of contractor history in contracts for privatized military housing.

Sec. 3016. Additional improvements for management of privatized military housing.

Sec. 3017. Maintenance work order system for privatized military housing.

Sec. 3018. Access by tenants of privatized military housing to maintenance work order system.

Sec. 3019. Access by tenants to historical maintenance information for privatized military housing.

Sec. 3020. Prohibition on requirement to disclose personally identifiable information in certain requests for maintenance of privatized military housing.

Sec. 3021. Treatment of incentive fees for landlords of privatized military housing for failure to remedy a health or environmental hazard.

Sec. 3022. Dispute resolution process for landlord-tenant disputes regarding privatized military housing and requests to withhold payments during dispute resolution process.

Sec. 3023. Investigation of reports of reprisals relating to privatized military housing and congressional notification.

Sec. 3024. Prohibition on use of nondisclosure agreements in connection with leases of privatized military housing.

Sec. 3031. Installation of carbon monoxide detectors in military family housing.

Sec. 3032. Authority to furnish certain services in connection with use of alternative authority for acquisition and improvement of military housing.

Sec. 3033. Treatment of breach of contract for privatized military housing.

Sec. 3034. Modification to requirements for window fall prevention devices in military family housing units.

Sec. 3035. Expansion of direct hire authority for Department of Defense for childcare services providers for Department child development centers to include direct hire authority for installation military housing office personnel.

Sec. 3036. Modification of authority to make payments to lessors of privatized military housing.

Sec. 3037. Technical correction to definition used to make payments to lessors of privatized military housing.

Sec. 3041. Report on civilian personnel shortages for appropriate oversight of management of military housing constructed or acquired using alternative authority for acquisition and improvement of military housing.

Sec. 3042. Plans for creation of councils on privatized military housing.

Sec. 3043. Plan for establishment of Department of Defense jurisdiction over off-base privatized military housing.

Sec. 3044. Inspector General review of Department of Defense oversight of privatized military housing.

Sec. 3045. Information on legal services provided to members of the Armed Forces harmed by health or environmental hazards at military housing.

Sec. 3051. Uniform code of basic standards for privatized military housing and plan to conduct inspections and assessments.

Sec. 3052. Tool for assessment of hazards in Department of Defense housing.

Sec. 3053. Process to identify and address environmental health hazards in Department of Defense housing.

Sec. 3054. Department of Defense policy on lead-based paint testing on military installations.

Sec. 3055. Standard for minimum credentials for health and environmental inspectors of privatized military housing.

Sec. 3056. Requirements relating to move-in, move-out, and maintenance of privatized military housing.

Sec. 3057. Standardized documentation, templates, and forms for privatized military housing.

Sec. 3058. Satisfaction survey for tenants of military housing.

Sec. 3061. Radon testing of privatized military housing.

Sec. 3062. Mitigation of risks posed by certain items in military family housing units.

Sec. 3063. Suspension of Resident Energy Conservation Program and related programs for privatized military housing.

Sec. 3064. Department of the Army pilot program to build and monitor use of single family homes.

Sec. 3101. National Nuclear Security Administration.

Sec. 3102. Defense environmental cleanup.

Sec. 3103. Other defense activities.

Sec. 3104. Nuclear energy.

Sec. 3111. Personnel matters at National Nuclear Security Administration.

Sec. 3112. Estimation of costs of meeting defense environmental cleanup milestones required by consent orders.

Sec. 3113. Office of Cost Estimating and Program Evaluation.

Sec. 3114. Clarification of certain Stockpile Responsiveness Program objectives.

Sec. 3115. Elimination of limitation on availability of funds relating to submission of annual reports on unfunded priorities.

Sec. 3116. Modification to certain requirements relating to plutonium pit production capacity.

Sec. 3117. Annual certification of shipments to Waste Isolation Pilot Plant.

Sec. 3118. Extension and modification of pilot program on unavailability for overhead costs of amounts specified for laboratory-directed research and development.

Sec. 3119. Modification to limitation on availability of funds for acceleration of nuclear weapons dismantlement.

Sec. 3120. Implementation of common financial reporting system for nuclear security enterprise.

Sec. 3121. Limitation relating to reclassification of high-level waste.

Sec. 3122. National Laboratory Jobs ACCESS Program.

Sec. 3131. Civil penalties for violations of certain whistleblower protections.

Sec. 3132. Repeal of assessments of adequacy of budget requests relating to nuclear weapons stockpile.

Sec. 3133. Repeal of requirement for review relating to enhanced procurement authority.

Sec. 3134. Improvements to Energy Employees Occupational Illness Compensation Program Act of 2000.

Sec. 3135. Replacement of W78 warhead.

Sec. 3136. Independent review of capabilities for detection, verification, and monitoring of nuclear weapons and fissile material.

Sec. 3137. Assessment of high energy density physics.

Sec. 3138. Determination of effect of treaty obligations with respect to producing tritium.

Sec. 3139. Technical corrections to National Nuclear Security Administration Act and Atomic Energy Defense Act.

Sec. 3201. Authorization.

Sec. 3202. Improvements to Defense Nuclear Facilities Safety Board.

Sec. 3203. Membership of Defense Nuclear Facilities Safety Board.

Sec. 3401. Authorization of appropriations.

Sec. 3501. Authorization of the Maritime Administration.

Sec. 3502. Reauthorization of Maritime Security Program.

Sec. 3503. Maritime technical assistance program.

Sec. 3504. Appointment of candidates attending sponsored preparatory school.

Sec. 3505. General support program.

Sec. 3506. Improvements to the maritime guaranteed loan program.

Sec. 3507. Requirement for small shipyard grantees.

Sec. 3508. Salvage recoveries of cargoes.

Sec. 3509. Salvage recoveries for subrogated ownership of vessels and cargoes.

Sec. 3510. Maritime Occupational Safety and Health Advisory Committee.

Sec. 3511. Military to mariner.

Sec. 3512. Department of Transportation Inspector General Report.

Sec. 3513. Independent study on the United States Merchant Marine Academy.

Sec. 3514. Port operations, research, and technology.

Sec. 3515. Assessment and report on strategic seaports.

Sec. 3516. Technical corrections.

Sec. 3517. United States Merchant Marine Academy sexual assault prevention and response program.

Sec. 3518. Report on vessels for emerging offshore energy infrastructure.

Sec. 3519. Report on United States flagged fuel tanker vessel capacity.

Sec. 3521. Establishment of Cable Security Fleet.

Sec. 3531. Short titles.

Sec. 3532. Definitions.

Sec. 3533. Purposes.

Sec. 3534. Statement of policy.

Sec. 3541. Coordination with international organizations.

Sec. 3542. Engagement of diplomatic missions of the United States.

Sec. 3543. Assistance by Federal agencies to improve law enforcement within priority regions and priority flag states.

Sec. 3544. Expansion of existing mechanisms to combat IUU fishing.

Sec. 3545. Improvement of transparency and traceability programs.

Sec. 3546. Technology programs.

Sec. 3547. Savings clause.

Sec. 3551. Interagency Working Group on IUU Fishing.

Sec. 3552. Strategic plan.

Sec. 3553. Reports.

Sec. 3554. Gulf of Mexico IUU Fishing Subworking Group.

Sec. 3561. Finding.

Sec. 3562. Adding the Secretary of Commerce to the Interagency Task Force to Monitor and Combat Trafficking.

Sec. 3563. Human trafficking in the seafood supply chain report.

Sec. 3571. Authorization of appropriations.

Sec. 3572. Accounting of funds.

Sec. 4001. Authorization of amounts in funding tables.

Sec. 4101. Procurement.

Sec. 4102. Procurement for overseas contingency operations.

Sec. 4103. Procurement for emergency requirements.

Sec. 4201. Research, development, test, and evaluation.

Sec. 4202. Research, development, test, and evaluation for overseas contingency operations.

Sec. 4203. Research, development, test, and evaluation for emergency requirements.

Sec. 4301. Operation and maintenance.

Sec. 4302. Operation and maintenance for overseas contingency operations.

Sec. 4303. Operation and maintenance for emergency requirements.

Sec. 4401. Military personnel.

Sec. 4402. Military personnel for overseas contingency operations.

Sec. 4501. Other authorizations.

Sec. 4502. Other authorizations for overseas contingency operations.

Sec. 4601. Military construction.

Sec. 4602. Military construction for overseas contingency operations.

Sec. 4603. Military construction for emergency requirements.

Sec. 4701. Department of Energy national security programs.

Sec. 5001. Short title.

Sec. 5002. Subdivisions and table of contents.

Sec. 5003. Definitions.

Sec. 5100. Table of contents.

Sec. 5101. Authorization of appropriations.

Sec. 5102. Classified schedule of authorizations.

Sec. 5103. Intelligence community management account.

Sec. 5201. Authorization of appropriations.

Sec. 5301. Restriction on conduct of intelligence activities.

Sec. 5302. Increase in employee compensation and benefits authorized by law.

Sec. 5303. Expansion of scope of protections for identities of covert agents.

Sec. 5304. Required counterintelligence assessments, briefings, notifications, and reports.

Sec. 5305. Inclusion of security risks in program management plans required for acquisition of major systems in National Intelligence Program.

Sec. 5306. Intelligence community public-private talent exchange.

Sec. 5307. Assessment of contracting practices to identify certain security and counterintelligence concerns.

Sec. 5321. Establishment of Climate Security Advisory Council.

Sec. 5322. Foreign Malign Influence Response Center.

Sec. 5323. Encouragement of cooperative actions to detect and counter foreign influence operations.

Sec. 5324. Transfer of National Intelligence University to the Office of the Director of National Intelligence.

Sec. 5331. Definitions.

Sec. 5332. Inspector General external review panel.

Sec. 5333. Harmonization of whistleblower processes and procedures.

Sec. 5334. Oversight by Inspector General of the Intelligence Community over intelligence community whistleblower matters.

Sec. 5335. Report on cleared whistleblower attorneys.

Sec. 5341. Clarification of certain authority of the Central Intelligence Agency.

Sec. 5401. Improving visibility into the security clearance process.

Sec. 5402. Making certain policies and execution plans relating to personnel clearances available to industry partners.

Sec. 5501. Annual reports on influence operations and campaigns in the United States by the Russian Federation.

Sec. 5502. Assessment of legitimate and illegitimate financial and other assets of Vladimir Putin.

Sec. 5503. Assessments of intentions of political leadership of the Russian Federation.

Sec. 5511. Annual reports on influence operations and campaigns in the United States by the Communist Party of China.

Sec. 5512. Report on repression of ethnic Muslim minorities in the Xinjiang region of the People’s Republic of China.

Sec. 5513. Report on efforts by People’s Republic of China to influence election in Taiwan.

Sec. 5521. Sense of Congress and report on Iranian efforts in Syria and Lebanon.

Sec. 5522. Assessments regarding the Northern Triangle and Mexico.

Sec. 5601. Definitions.

Sec. 5602. Strategic intelligence assessment of and reports on domestic terrorism.

Sec. 5701.  Modification of requirements for submission to Congress of certain reports.

Sec. 5702. Increased transparency regarding counterterrorism budget of the United States.

Sec. 5703. Study on role of retired and former personnel of intelligence community with respect to certain foreign intelligence operations.

Sec. 5704. Collection, analysis, and dissemination of workforce data.

Sec. 5705. Plan for strengthening the supply chain intelligence function.

Sec. 5706. Comprehensive economic assessment of investment in key United States technologies by companies or organizations linked to China.

Sec. 5707. Report by Director of National Intelligence on fifth-generation wireless network technology.

Sec. 5708. Report on use by intelligence community of facial recognition technology.

Sec. 5709. Report on deepfake technology, foreign weaponization of deepfakes, and related notifications.

Sec. 5710. Annual report by Comptroller General of the United States on cybersecurity and surveillance threats to Congress.

Sec. 5711. Analysis of and periodic briefings on major initiatives of intelligence community in artificial intelligence and machine learning.

Sec. 5712. Report on best practices to protect privacy and civil liberties of Chinese Americans.

Sec. 5713. Oversight of foreign influence in academia.

Sec. 5714. Report on death of Jamal Khashoggi.

Sec. 5715. Report on terrorist screening database.

Sec. 5716. Report containing threat assessment on terrorist use of conventional and advanced conventional weapons.

Sec. 5717. Assessment of homeland security vulnerabilities associated with certain retired and former personnel of the intelligence community.

Sec. 5718. Study on feasibility and advisability of establishing Geospatial-Intelligence Museum and learning center.

Sec. 5721. Whistleblower disclosures to Congress and committees of Congress.

Sec. 5722. Task force on illicit financing of espionage and foreign influence operations.

Sec. 5723. Establishment of fifth-generation technology prize competition.

Sec. 5724. Establishment of deepfakes prize competition.

Sec. 5725. Identification of and countermeasures against certain International Mobile Subscriber Identity-catchers.

Sec. 5726. Securing energy infrastructure.

Sec. 6100. Table of contents.

Sec. 6101. Authorization of appropriations.

Sec. 6102. Intelligence Community Management Account.

Sec. 6201. Authorization of appropriations.

Sec. 6202. Computation of annuities for employees of the Central Intelligence Agency.

Sec. 6301. Restriction on conduct of intelligence activities.

Sec. 6302. Increase in employee compensation and benefits authorized by law.

Sec. 6303. Modification of special pay authority for science, technology, engineering, or mathematics positions and addition of special pay authority for cyber positions.

Sec. 6304. Modification of appointment of Chief Information Officer of the Intelligence Community.

Sec. 6305. Director of National Intelligence review of placement of positions within the intelligence community on the Executive Schedule.

Sec. 6306. Supply Chain and Counterintelligence Risk Management Task Force.

Sec. 6307. Consideration of adversarial telecommunications and cybersecurity infrastructure when sharing intelligence with foreign governments and entities.

Sec. 6308. Cyber protection support for the personnel of the intelligence community in positions highly vulnerable to cyber attack.

Sec. 6309. Elimination of sunset of authority relating to management of supply-chain risk.

Sec. 6310. Limitations on determinations regarding certain security classifications.

Sec. 6311. Joint Intelligence Community Council.

Sec. 6312. Intelligence community information technology environment.

Sec. 6313. Report on development of secure mobile voice solution for intelligence community.

Sec. 6314. Policy on minimum insider threat standards.

Sec. 6315. Submission of intelligence community policies.

Sec. 6316. Expansion of intelligence community recruitment efforts.

Sec. 6401. Authority for protection of current and former employees of the Office of the Director of National Intelligence.

Sec. 6402. Designation of the program manager-information-sharing environment.

Sec. 6403. Technical modification to the executive schedule.

Sec. 6404. Chief Financial Officer of the Intelligence Community.

Sec. 6405. Chief Information Officer of the Intelligence Community.

Sec. 6411. Central Intelligence Agency subsistence for personnel assigned to austere locations.

Sec. 6412. Special rules for certain monthly workers’ compensation payments and other payments for Central Intelligence Agency personnel.

Sec. 6413. Expansion of security protective service jurisdiction of the Central Intelligence Agency.

Sec. 6414. Repeal of foreign language proficiency requirement for certain senior level positions in the Central Intelligence Agency.

Sec. 6421. Consolidation of Department of Energy Offices of Intelligence and Counterintelligence.

Sec. 6422. Repeal of Department of Energy Intelligence Executive Committee and budget reporting requirement.

Sec. 6431. Plan for designation of counterintelligence component of Defense Security Service as an element of intelligence community.

Sec. 6432. Notice not required for private entities.

Sec. 6433. Establishment of advisory board for National Reconnaissance Office.

Sec. 6434. Collocation of certain Department of Homeland Security personnel at field locations.

Sec. 6501. Report on cyber attacks by foreign governments against United States election infrastructure.

Sec. 6502. Review of intelligence community's posture to collect against and analyze Russian efforts to influence the Presidential election.

Sec. 6503. Assessment of foreign intelligence threats to Federal elections.

Sec. 6504. Strategy for countering Russian cyber threats to United States elections.

Sec. 6505. Assessment of significant Russian influence campaigns directed at foreign elections and referenda.

Sec. 6506. Information sharing with State election officials.

Sec. 6507. Notification of significant foreign cyber intrusions and active measures campaigns directed at elections for Federal offices.

Sec. 6508. Designation of counterintelligence officer to lead election security matters.

Sec. 6601. Definitions.

Sec. 6602. Reports and plans relating to security clearances and background investigations.

Sec. 6603. Improving the process for security clearances.

Sec. 6604. Goals for promptness of determinations regarding security clearances.

Sec. 6605. Security Executive Agent.

Sec. 6606. Report on unified, simplified, Governmentwide standards for positions of trust and security clearances.

Sec. 6607. Report on clearance in person concept.

Sec. 6608. Reports on reciprocity for security clearances inside of departments and agencies.

Sec. 6609. Intelligence community reports on security clearances.

Sec. 6610. Periodic report on positions in the intelligence community that can be conducted without access to classified information, networks, or facilities.

Sec. 6611. Information-sharing program for positions of trust and security clearances.

Sec. 6612. Report on protections for confidentiality of whistleblower-related communications.

Sec. 6613. Reports on costs of security clearance background investigations.

Sec. 6701. Limitation relating to establishment or support of cybersecurity unit with the Russian Federation.

Sec. 6702. Assessment of threat finance relating to Russia.

Sec. 6703. Notification of an active measures campaign.

Sec. 6704. Notification of travel by accredited diplomatic and consular personnel of the Russian Federation in the United States.

Sec. 6705. Report and annual briefing on Iranian expenditures supporting foreign military and terrorist activities.

Sec. 6706. Expansion of scope of committee to counter active measures.

Sec. 6711. Technical correction to Inspector General study.

Sec. 6712. Reports on authorities of the Chief Intelligence Officer of the Department of Homeland Security.

Sec. 6713. Review of intelligence community whistleblower matters.

Sec. 6714. Report on role of Director of National Intelligence with respect to certain foreign investments.

Sec. 6715. Report on surveillance by foreign governments against United States telecommunications networks.

Sec. 6716. Biennial report on foreign investment risks.

Sec. 6717. Modification of certain reporting requirement on travel of foreign diplomats.

Sec. 6718. Semiannual reports on investigations of unauthorized disclosures of classified information.

Sec. 6719. Congressional notification of designation of covered intelligence officer as persona non grata.

Sec. 6720. Reports on intelligence community participation in vulnerabilities equities process of Federal Government.

Sec. 6721. Inspectors General reports on classification.

Sec. 6722. Reports and briefings on national security effects of global water insecurity and emerging infectious disease and pandemics.

Sec. 6723. Annual report on memoranda of understanding between elements of intelligence community and other entities of the United States Government regarding significant operational activities or policy.

Sec. 6724. Study on the feasibility of encrypting unclassified wireline and wireless telephone calls.

Sec. 6725. Reports on intelligence community loan repayment and related programs.

Sec. 6726. Repeal of certain reporting requirements.

Sec. 6727. Inspector General of the Intelligence Community report on senior executives of the Office of the Director of National Intelligence.

Sec. 6728. Briefing on Federal Bureau of Investigation offering permanent residence to sources and cooperators.

Sec. 6729. Intelligence assessment of North Korea revenue sources.

Sec. 6730. Report on possible exploitation of virtual currencies by terrorist actors.

Sec. 6741. Public Interest Declassification Board.

Sec. 6742. Technical and clerical amendments to the National Security Act of 1947.

Sec. 6743. Bug bounty programs.

Sec. 6744. Technical amendments related to the Department of Energy.

Sec. 6745. Sense of Congress on notification of certain disclosures of classified information.

Sec. 6746. Sense of Congress on consideration of espionage activities when considering whether or not to provide visas to foreign individuals to be accredited to a United Nations mission in the United States.

Sec. 6747. Sense of Congress on WikiLeaks.


Sec. 7101. Short title.

Sec. 7111. Sense of Congress.

Sec. 7112. Definitions.

Sec. 7121. Sanctions with respect to foreign financial institutions that provide financial services to certain sanctioned persons.

Sec. 7122. Mandatory designations under North Korea Sanctions and Policy Enhancement Act of 2016.

Sec. 7123. Extension of applicability period of proliferation prevention sanctions.

Sec. 7124. Opposition to assistance by the international financial institutions.

Sec. 7125. Support for capacity of the International Monetary Fund to prevent money laundering and financing of terrorism.

Sec. 7126. Report and briefings on compliance, penalties, and technical assistance.

Sec. 7127. Sense of Congress on identification and blocking of property of North Korean officials.

Sec. 7128. Modification of report on implementation of United Nations Security Council resolutions by other governments.

Sec. 7129. Report on use by the Government of North Korea of beneficial ownership rules to access the international financial system.

Sec. 7131. Notification of termination or suspension of sanctions.

Sec. 7132. Reports on certain licensing actions.

Sec. 7133. Report and briefings on financial networks and financial methods of the Government of North Korea.

Sec. 7134. Report on countries of concern with respect to transshipment, reexportation, or diversion of certain items to North Korea.

Sec. 7141. Rulemaking.

Sec. 7142. Authority to consolidate reports.

Sec. 7143. Waivers, exemptions, and termination.

Sec. 7144. Procedures for review of classified and certain other information.

Sec. 7145. Briefing on resourcing of sanctions programs.

Sec. 7146. Briefing on proliferation financing.

Sec. 7147. Exception relating to importation of goods.

Sec. 7151. Short title.

Sec. 7152. Sense of Congress.

Sec. 7153. Coordination of human trafficking issues by the Office of Terrorism and Financial Intelligence.

Sec. 7154. Strengthening the role of anti-money laundering and other financial tools in combating human trafficking.

Sec. 7155. Sense of Congress on resources to combat human trafficking.

Sec. 7201. Short title.

Sec. 7202. Sense of Congress.

Sec. 7203. Definitions.

Sec. 7211. Identification of foreign opioid traffickers.

Sec. 7212. Imposition of sanctions.

Sec. 7213. Description of sanctions.

Sec. 7214. Waivers.

Sec. 7215. Procedures for judicial review of classified information.

Sec. 7216. Briefings on implementation.

Sec. 7217. Inclusion of additional material in International Narcotics Control Strategy Report.

Sec. 7221. Commission on combating synthetic opioid trafficking.

Sec. 7231. Director of National Intelligence program on use of intelligence resources in efforts to sanction foreign opioid traffickers.

Sec. 7232. Authorization of appropriations.

Sec. 7233. Regulatory authority.

Sec. 7234. Termination.

Sec. 7235. Exception relating to importation of goods.

Sec. 7301. Short title.

Sec. 7302. Definition of Administrator.

Sec. 7311. Monitoring and detection.

Sec. 7312. Drinking water state revolving funds.

Sec. 7321. Additions to toxics release inventory.

Sec. 7331. Definitions.

Sec. 7332. Performance standard for the detection of highly fluorinated compounds.

Sec. 7333. Nationwide sampling.

Sec. 7334. Data usage.

Sec. 7335. Collaboration.

Sec. 7341. Definitions.

Sec. 7342. Research and coordination plan for enhanced response on emerging contaminants.

Sec. 7351. PFAS data call.

Sec. 7352. Significant new use rule for long-chain PFAS.

Sec. 7361. PFAS destruction and disposal guidance.

Sec. 7362. PFAS research and development.

Sec. 7401. Short title.

Sec. 7402. Statement of policy.

Sec. 7411. Measures with respect to Central Bank of Syria.

Sec. 7412. Sanctions with respect to foreign persons that engage in certain transactions.

Sec. 7413. Strategy relating to areas of Syria in which civilians are subject to forced displacement.

Sec. 7421. Sense of Congress.

Sec. 7422. Briefing on monitoring and evaluating of ongoing assistance programs in Syria and to the Syrian people.

Sec. 7423. Assessment of potential methods to enhance the protection of civilians.

Sec. 7424. Assistance to support entities taking actions relating to gathering evidence for investigations into war crimes or crimes against humanity in Syria since March 2011.

Sec. 7425. Codification of certain services in support of nongovernmental organizations’ activities authorized.

Sec. 7426. Briefing on strategy to facilitate humanitarian assistance.

Sec. 7431. Suspension of sanctions.

Sec. 7432. Waivers and exemptions.

Sec. 7433. Implementation and regulatory authorities.

Sec. 7434. Exception relating to importation of goods.

Sec. 7435. Cost limitation.

Sec. 7436. Rule of construction.

Sec. 7437. Prohibition on construction of provisions of this title as an authorization for use of military force.

Sec. 7438. Sunset.

Sec. 7501. Short title.

Sec. 7502. Sense of Congress.

Sec. 7503. Imposition of sanctions with respect to provision of certain vessels for the construction of certain Russian energy export pipelines.

Sec. 7601. Short title.

Sec. 7602. Paid parental leave under title 5.

Sec. 7603. Paid parental leave for congressional employees.

Sec. 7604. Conforming amendment to Family and Medical Leave Act for GAO and Library of Congress employees.

Sec. 7605. Clarification for members of the National Guard and Reserves.

Sec. 7606. Conforming amendment for certain TSA employees.

Sec. 7611. Liberian refugee immigration fairness.

Sec. 7612. Pensacola Dam and Reservoir, Grand River, Oklahoma.

Sec. 7613. Limitation on certain rolling stock procurements; cybersecurity certification for rail rolling stock and operations.

SEC. 3. Congressional defense committees.

In this Act, the term “congressional defense committees” has the meaning given that term in section 101(a)(16) of title 10, United States Code.

SEC. 4. Budgetary effects of this Act.

The budgetary effects of this Act, for the purposes of complying with the Statutory Pay-As-You-Go Act of 2010, shall be determined by reference to the latest statement titled “Budgetary Effects of PAYGO Legislation” for this Act, jointly submitted for printing in the Congressional Record by the Chairmen of the House and Senate Budget Committees, provided that such statement has been submitted prior to the vote on passage in the House acting first on the conference report or amendment between the Houses.


Sec. 101. Authorization of appropriations.

Sec. 111. Authority of the Secretary of the Army to waive certain limitations related to the Distributed Common Ground System-Army Increment 1.

Sec. 121. Ford-class aircraft carrier cost limitation baselines.

Sec. 122. Modification of annual report on cost targets for certain aircraft carriers.

Sec. 123. Refueling and complex overhauls of the U.S.S. John C. Stennis and U.S.S. Harry S. Truman.

Sec. 124. Ford class aircraft carrier support for F–35C aircraft.

Sec. 125. Prohibition on use of funds for reduction of aircraft carrier force structure.

Sec. 126. Modification of prohibition on availability of funds for Navy waterborne security barriers.

Sec. 127. LHA Replacement Amphibious Assault Ship Program.

Sec. 128. Strategic sealift fleet vessel.

Sec. 129. Design and construction of amphibious transport dock designated LPD–31.

Sec. 130. Limitation on availability of funds for the Littoral Combat Ship.

Sec. 131. Limitation on the next new class of Navy large surface combatants.

Sec. 132. Limitation on availability of funds pending quarterly updates on the CH–53K King Stallion helicopter program.

Sec. 133. Limitation on availability of funds for VH–92A helicopter.

Sec. 134. Report on carrier wing and aviation combat element composition.

Sec. 141. Modification of requirement to preserve certain C–5 aircraft.

Sec. 142. OC–135B aircraft recapitalization program.

Sec. 143. Requirement to align Air Force aviation force structure with National Defense Strategy.

Sec. 144. Prohibition on availability of funds for reduction in KC–10 primary mission aircraft inventory.

Sec. 145. Limitation on availability of funds for F–15EX aircraft.

Sec. 146. Limitation on availability of funds for VC–25B aircraft.

Sec. 147. Limitation on availability of funds for RC–26B aircraft.

Sec. 148. Limitation on availability of funds for retirement of RC–135 aircraft.

Sec. 149. Air Force aggressor squadron modernization.

Sec. 150. Air Force plan for Combat Rescue Helicopter fielding.

Sec. 151. Report on feasibility of multiyear contract for procurement of JASSM–ER missiles.

Sec. 152. Report on aircraft fleet of the Civil Air Patrol.

Sec. 153. Sense of Congress on the light attack aircraft initiative of the Air Force.

Sec. 161. Economic order quantity contracting and buy-to-budget acquisition for F–35 aircraft program.

Sec. 162. Relief from contractors for failure to deliver ready-for-issue spare parts for the F–35 aircraft program.

Sec. 163. Limitation on availability of funds for reallocation of Turkish F–35A aircraft to the United States.

Sec. 164. Requirement to establish the use of an Agile DevOps software development solution as an alternative for Joint Strike Fighter Autonomic Logistics Information System.

Sec. 165. F–35 sustainment cost.

Sec. 166. Reports on the progress and performance of the F–35 aircraft program.

Sec. 167. Other reports on the F–35 aircraft program.

Sec. 168. Limitation on availability of funds for communications systems lacking certain resiliency features.

Sec. 169. Repeal of tactical unmanned vehicle common data link requirement.

SEC. 101. Authorization of appropriations.

Funds are hereby authorized to be appropriated for fiscal year 2020 for procurement for the Army, the Navy and the Marine Corps, the Air Force, and Defense-wide activities, as specified in the funding table in section 4101.

SEC. 111. Authority of the Secretary of the Army to waive certain limitations related to the Distributed Common Ground System-Army Increment 1.

Section 113(d) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114–328; 130 Stat. 2028) is amended by striking “Secretary of Defense” both places it appears and inserting “Secretary of the Army”.

SEC. 121. Ford-class aircraft carrier cost limitation baselines.

(a) In general.—Chapter 863 of title 10, United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new section:

§ 8692. Ford-class aircraft carriers: cost limitation baselines

“(a) Limitation.—The total amounts obligated or expended from funds authorized to be appropriated or otherwise made available for Shipbuilding and Conversion, Navy, or for any other procurement account, may not exceed the following amounts for the following aircraft carriers:

“(1) $13,224,000,000 for the construction of the aircraft carrier designated CVN–78.

“(2) $11,398,000,000 for the construction of the aircraft carrier designated CVN–79.

“(3) $12,202,000,000 for the construction of the aircraft carrier designated CVN–80.

“(4) $12,451,000,000 for the construction of the aircraft carrier designated CVN–81.

“(b) Exclusion of battle and interim spares from cost limitation.—The Secretary of the Navy shall exclude from the determination of the amounts set forth in subsection (a) the costs of the following items:

“(1) CVN–78 class battle spares.

“(2) Interim spares.

“(3) Increases attributable to economic inflation after December 1, 2018, not otherwise included in the amounts listed in subsection (a).

“(c) Written notice and briefing on change in amount.—The Secretary of the Navy may adjust an amount listed in subsection (a) not fewer than 15 days after submitting written notice and providing a briefing to the congressional defense committees, each of which shall include the amount and rationale of any change and the resulting amount after such change.”.

(b) Clerical amendment.—The table of sections at the beginning of chapter 863 of such title is amended by inserting after the item relating to section 8691 the following new item:


“8692. Ford-class aircraft carriers: cost limitation baselines.”.

(c) Repeal of superseded provision.—Section 122 of the John Warner National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2007 (Public Law 109–364; 120 Stat. 2104) is repealed.

SEC. 122. Modification of annual report on cost targets for certain aircraft carriers.

Section 126(c) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114–328; 130 Stat. 2035) is amended—

(1) in the subsection heading, by striking “and CVN–80” and inserting “, CVN–80, and CVN–81”;

(2) in paragraph (1)—

(A) by striking “2021” and inserting “2032”; and

(B) by striking “costs described in subsection (b) for the CVN–79 and CVN–80” and inserting “cost targets for the CVN–79, the CVN–80, and the CVN–81”; and

(3) in paragraph (2)—

(A) in the matter preceding subparagraph (A), by striking “ and the CVN–80” and inserting “, the CVN–80, and the CVN–81”

(B) in subparagraph (A), by striking “costs described in subsection (b)” and inserting “cost targets”;

(C) in subparagraph (F), by striking “costs specified in subsection (b)” and inserting “cost targets”; and

(D) in subparagraph (G), by striking “costs specified in subsection (b)” and inserting “cost targets”.

SEC. 123. Refueling and complex overhauls of the U.S.S. John C. Stennis and U.S.S. Harry S. Truman.

(a) Refueling and complex overhaul.—The Secretary of the Navy shall carry out the nuclear refueling and complex overhaul of the U.S.S. John C. Stennis (CVN–74) and U.S.S. Harry S. Truman (CVN–75).

(b) Use of incremental funding.—With respect to any contract entered into under subsection (a) for the nuclear refueling and complex overhauls of the U.S.S. John C. Stennis (CVN–74) and U.S.S. Harry S. Truman (CVN–75), the Secretary may use incremental funding for a period not to exceed six years after advance procurement funds for such nuclear refueling and complex overhaul effort are first obligated.

(c) Condition for out-year contract payments.—Any contract entered into under subsection (a) shall provide that any obligation of the United States to make a payment under the contract for a fiscal year after fiscal year 2020 is subject to the availability of appropriations for that purpose for that later fiscal year.

SEC. 124. Ford class aircraft carrier support for F–35C aircraft.

Before completing the post-shakedown availability of the Ford class aircraft carrier designated CVN–79, the Secretary of the Navy shall ensure that the aircraft carrier is capable of operating and deploying with the F–35C aircraft.

SEC. 125. Prohibition on use of funds for reduction of aircraft carrier force structure.

None of the funds authorized to be appropriated by this Act or otherwise made available for fiscal year 2020 for the Department of Defense may be obligated or expended to reduce the number of operational aircraft carriers of the Navy below the number specified in section 8062(b) of title 10, United States Code.

SEC. 126. Modification of prohibition on availability of funds for Navy waterborne security barriers.

Section 130 of the John S. McCain National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2019 (Public Law 115–232) is amended—

(1) in subsection (a) by striking “for fiscal year 2019 may be obligated or expended to procure legacy waterborne security barriers for Navy ports” and inserting “for fiscal year 2019 or fiscal year 2020 may be obligated or expended to procure legacy waterborne security barriers for Navy ports, including as replacements for legacy barriers”;

(2) in subsection (c)(1), by inserting “of not more than 30 percent” after “replacement”; and

(3) by adding at the end the following new subsection:

“(d) Notification.—Not later than 15 days after an exception is made pursuant to subsection (c)(2), the Secretary of the Navy shall submit a written notification to the congressional defense committees that includes—

“(1) the name and position of the government official who determined exigent circumstances exist;

“(2) a description of the exigent circumstances; and

“(3) a description of how waterborne security will be maintained until new waterborne security barriers are procured and installed.”.

SEC. 127. LHA Replacement Amphibious Assault Ship Program.

(a) Authority to use incremental funding.—The Secretary of the Navy may enter into and incrementally fund a contract for detail design and construction of the LHA replacement ship designated LHA 9 and, subject to subsection (b), funds for payments under the contract may be provided from amounts authorized to be appropriated for the Department of Defense for Shipbuilding and Conversion, Navy, for fiscal years 2019 through 2025.

(b) Condition for out-year contract payments.—A contract entered into under subsection (a) shall provide that any obligation of the United States to make a payment under the contract for any subsequent fiscal year is subject to the availability of appropriations for that purpose for such subsequent fiscal year.

(c) Repeal of obsolete authority.—Section 125 of the John Warner National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2007 (Public Law 109–364; 120 Stat. 2106) is repealed.

SEC. 128. Strategic sealift fleet vessel.

(a) In general.—Subject to the availability of appropriations, the Secretary of the Navy shall seek to enter into a contract for the construction of one sealift vessel.

(b) Delivery date.—The contract entered into under subsection (a) shall specify a delivery date for the sealift vessel of not later than September 30, 2026.

(c) Design and construction requirements.—

(1) USE OF EXISTING DESIGN.—The design of the sealift vessel shall be based on a domestic or foreign design that exists as of the date of the enactment of this Act.

(2) COMMERCIAL STANDARDS AND PRACTICES.—Subject to paragraph (1), the sealift vessel may be constructed using commercial design standards and commercial construction practices that are consistent with the best interests of the Federal Government.

(3) DOMESTIC SHIPYARD.—The sealift vessel shall be constructed in a shipyard that is located in the United States.

(d) Certificate and endorsement.—The sealift vessel shall meet the requirements necessary to receive a certificate of documentation and a coastwise endorsement under chapter 121 of tile 46, United States Code, and the Secretary of the Navy shall ensure that the completed vessel receives such a certificate and endorsement.

(e) Executive agent.—

(1) IN GENERAL.—The Secretary of the Navy may seek to enter into a contract or other agreement with a private-sector entity under which the entity may act as executive agent for the Secretary for purposes of the contract under subsection (a).

(2) RESPONSIBILITIES.—The executive agent described in paragraph (1) may be responsible for—

(A) selecting a shipyard for the construction of the sealift vessel;

(B) managing and overseeing the construction of the sealift vessel; and

(C) such other matters as the Secretary of the Navy determines to be appropriate

(f) Use of incremental funding.—With respect to the contract entered into under subsection (a), the Secretary of the Navy may use incremental funding to make payments under the contract.

(g) Sealift vessel defined.—In this section, the term “sealift vessel” means the sealift vessel constructed pursuant to the contract entered into under subsection (a).

SEC. 129. Design and construction of amphibious transport dock designated LPD–31.

(a) In general.—Using funds authorized to be appropriated for the Department of Defense for Shipbuilding and Conversion, Navy, the Secretary of the Navy may enter into a contract, beginning with the fiscal year 2020 program year, for the design and construction of the amphibious transport dock designated LPD–31.

(b) Use of incremental funding.—With respect to the contract entered into under subsection (a), the Secretary may use incremental funding to make payments under the contract.

(c) Condition for out-year contract payments.—The contract entered into under subsection (a) shall provide that any obligation of the United States to make a payment under such contract for any fiscal year after fiscal year 2020 is subject to the availability of appropriations for that purpose for such later fiscal year.

SEC. 130. Limitation on availability of funds for the Littoral Combat Ship.

(a) Limitations.—None of the funds authorized to be appropriated by this Act for fiscal year 2020 for the Department of Defense may be used to exceed, and the Department may not otherwise exceed, the total procurement quantity of thirty-five Littoral Combat Ships, unless the Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment submits to the congressional defense committees the certification described in subsection (b).

(b) Certification.—The certification described in this subsection is a certification by the Under Secretary that awarding a contract for the procurement of a Littoral Combat Ship that exceeds the total procurement quantity listed in revision five of the Littoral Combat Ship acquisition strategy—

(1) is in the national security interests of the United States;

(2) will not result in exceeding the low-rate initial production quantity approved in the Littoral Combat Ship acquisition strategy in effect as of the date of the certification; and

(3) is necessary to maintain a full and open competition for the Guided Missile Frigate (FFG(X)) with a single source award in fiscal year 2020.

SEC. 131. Limitation on the next new class of Navy large surface combatants.

(a) In general.—Milestone B approval may not be granted for the next new class of Navy large surface combatants unless the class of Navy large surface combatants incorporates prior to such approval—

(1) design changes identified during the full duration of the combat system ship qualification trials and operational test periods of the first Arleigh Burke-class destroyer in the Flight III configuration to complete such events; and

(2) final results of test programs of engineering development models or prototypes for critical systems specified by the Senior Technical Authority pursuant to section 8669b of title 10, United States Code, as added by section 1034 of this Act, in their final form, fit, and function and in a realistic environment, which shall include a land-based engineering site for the propulsion system.

(b) Limitation.—The Secretary of the Navy may not release a detail design or construction request for proposals or obligate funds from the Shipbuilding and Conversion, Navy account for the next new class of Navy large surface combatants until the class of Navy large surface combatants receives Milestone B approval and the milestone decision authority notifies the congressional defense committees, in writing, of the actions taken to comply with the requirements under subsection (a).

(c) Definitions.—In this section:

(1) The term “Milestone B approval” has the meaning given the term in section 2366(e)(7) of title 10, United States Code.

(2) The term “milestone decision authority” means the official within the Department of Defense designated with the overall responsibility and authority for acquisition decisions for the program, including authority to approve entry of the program into the next phase of the acquisition process.

(3) The term “large surface combatants” means Navy surface ships that are designed primarily to engage in attacks against airborne, surface, subsurface, and shore targets, excluding frigates and littoral combat ships.

SEC. 132. Limitation on availability of funds pending quarterly updates on the CH–53K King Stallion helicopter program.

(a) Limitation.—Of the funds authorized to be appropriated by this Act or otherwise made available for fiscal year 2020 for aircraft procurement, Navy, for the CH–53K King Stallion helicopter program, not more than 50 percent may be obligated or expended until a period of 30 days has elapsed following the date on which the Secretary of the Navy provides the first briefing required under subsection (b).

(b) Quarterly briefings required.—

(1) IN GENERAL.—Beginning not later than 30 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, and on a quarterly basis thereafter through the end of fiscal year 2022, the Secretary of the Navy shall provide to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of Representatives a briefing on the progress of the CH–53K King Stallion helicopter program.

(2) ELEMENTS.—Each briefing under paragraph (1) shall include, with respect to the CH–53K King Stallion helicopter program, the following:

(A) An overview of the program schedule.

(B) A statement of the total cost of the program as of the date of the briefing, including the costs of development, testing, and production.

(C) A comparison of the total cost of the program relative to the approved acquisition program baseline.

(D) An assessment of flight testing under the program, including identification of the number of test events that have been conducted on-time in accordance with the joint integrated program schedule.

(E) An update on the correction of technical deficiencies under the program, including—

(i) identification of the technical deficiencies that have been corrected as of the date of the briefing;

(ii) identification of the technical deficiencies that have been discovered, but not corrected, as of such date;

(iii) an estimate of the total cost of correcting technical deficiencies under the program; and

(iv) an explanation of any significant deviations from the testing and program schedule that are anticipated due to the discovery and correction of technical deficiencies.

SEC. 133. Limitation on availability of funds for VH–92A helicopter.

(a) Limitation.—Of the funds authorized to be appropriated by this Act or otherwise made available for fiscal year 2020 for procurement for the VH–92A helicopter, not more than 80 percent may be obligated or expended until the date on which the Secretary of Navy submits to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of Representatives the report required under subsection (b).

(b) Report required.—The Secretary of the Navy shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of Representatives a report assessing the status of the VH–92A helicopter program industrial base and the potential impact of proposed manufacturing base changes on the acquisition program. The report shall include a description of—

(1) estimated effects on the manufacturing readiness level of the VH–92 program due to potential changes to the program manufacturing base;

(2) the estimated costs and assessment of cost risk to the program due to potential changes to the program manufacturing base;

(3) any estimated schedule impacts, including impacts on delivery dates for the remaining low-rate initial production lots and full rate production, resulting from any changes to the manufacturing base;

(4) an assessment of the effect of changes to the manufacturing base on VH–92A sustainment; and

(5) the impact of such changes on production and sustainment capacity for the MH–60 and CH–53K helicopters of the Navy.

SEC. 134. Report on carrier wing and aviation combat element composition.

(a) In general.—Not later than May 1, 2020, the Secretary of the Navy shall submit to the congressional defense committees a report on the optimal composition of the carrier air wing (CVW) on aircraft carriers and aviation combat element (ACE) embarked on amphibious ships in 2030 and 2040, including alternative force design concepts.

(b) Elements.—The report required under subsection (a) shall include the following elements for the CVW and ACE:

(1) Analysis and justification for the Department of the Navy's stated goal of a 50/50 mix of 4th and 5th generation aircraft for 2030.

(2) Analysis and justification for an optimal mix of aircraft for 2040.

(3) A plan for incorporating unmanned aerial vehicles and associated communication capabilities to effectively implement the future force design.

(4) Analysis of the support equipment requirement for each aircraft type and the space needed to accommodate such equipment.

(5) A description of existing and potential ship designs or design changes that would enable greater commonality and interoperability of embarked naval aircraft, including aircraft arresting gear and launch catapults.

(c) Briefing.—Not later than March 1, 2020, the Secretary of the Navy shall provide the congressional defense committees a briefing on the report required under subsection (a).

SEC. 141. Modification of requirement to preserve certain C–5 aircraft.

Section 141(d) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2013 (Public Law 112–239; 126 Stat. 1661) is amended—

(1) in paragraph (1), by striking “until the date that is 30 days after the date on which the briefing under section 144(b) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2018 is provided to the congressional defense committees” and inserting “until the date that is 30 days after the date on which the final report and briefing required under section 1712(c)(2) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2020 have each been provided to the congressional defense committees”; and

(2) in paragraph (2)(A), by striking “can be returned to service” and inserting “is inducted into or maintained in type 1000 recallable storage”.

SEC. 142. OC–135B aircraft recapitalization program.

The Secretary of the Air Force shall ensure that any request for proposals for the procurement of an OC–135B aircraft under a recapitalization program for such aircraft meets the requirements for full and open competition as set forth in section 2304 of title 10, United States Code, and includes, as part of such request for proposals, consideration of proposals for the provision of new production aircraft and recently manufactured aircraft.

SEC. 143. Requirement to align Air Force aviation force structure with National Defense Strategy.

(a) Required submission of strategy.—Not later than March 1, 2020, the Secretary of the Air Force shall submit to the congressional defense committees an aviation force structure acquisition strategy that aligns with the stated capability and capacity requirements of the Department of the Air Force to meet the National Defense Strategy.

(b) Alignment with strategy.—The Secretary of the Air Force may not deviate from the strategy submitted under subsection (a) until—

(1) the Secretary receives a waiver from the Secretary of Defense, in consultation with the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff; and

(2) the Secretary of Defense provides the congressional defense committees with the waiver approval documentation.

SEC. 144. Prohibition on availability of funds for reduction in KC–10 primary mission aircraft inventory.

None of the funds authorized to be appropriated by this Act or otherwise made available for fiscal year 2020 for the Air Force may be obligated or expended to reduce the number of KC–10 aircraft in the primary mission aircraft inventory of the Air Force.

SEC. 145. Limitation on availability of funds for F–15EX aircraft.

(a) Limitation.—Except as provided in subsection (b), none of the funds authorized to be appropriated by this Act or otherwise made available for fiscal year 2020 for the Air Force may be obligated or expended to procure any F–15EX aircraft, other than the first two prototypes of such aircraft, until a period of 15 days has elapsed following the date on which the Secretary of the Air Force submits to the congressional defense committees a report on the following topics relating to the F–15EX program:

(1) Acquisition strategy.

(2) Cost and schedule estimates.

(3) Test and evaluation strategy.

(4) Logistics strategy.

(5) Post-production fielding strategy.

(b) Exception for long-lead items.—

(1) IN GENERAL.—Notwithstanding subsection (a), the Secretary of the Air Force may use the funds described in paragraph (2) to procure long-lead items for up to six additional F–15EX aircraft beyond the first two prototypes of such aircraft.

(2) FUNDS DESCRIBED.—The funds described in this paragraph are funds authorized to be appropriated by this Act or otherwise made available for fiscal year 2020 for the Air Force for any of the following:

(A) Research and development, nonrecurring engineering.

(B) Aircraft procurement.

(c) F–15EX program defined.—In this section, the term “F–15EX program” means the F–15EX aircraft program of the Air Force as described in the materials submitted to Congress by the Secretary of Defense in support of the budget of the President for fiscal year 2020 (as submitted to Congress under section 1105(a) of title 21, United States Code).

SEC. 146. Limitation on availability of funds for VC–25B aircraft.

(a) Limitation.—Except as provided in subsection (b), none of the funds authorized to be appropriated by this Act or otherwise made available for fiscal year 2020 or any subsequent fiscal year for the Air Force may be obligated or expended to carry out over and above work on the VC–25B aircraft until a period of 30 days has elapsed following the date on which the Secretary of the Air Force notifies the congressional defense committees of the intent of the Secretary to authorize such work.

(b) Exception.—The limitation under subsection (a) shall not apply to over and above work carried out—

(1) to repair or replace items damaged during the testing of the VC–25B aircraft; or

(2) to make changes necessary to meet operational requirements.

(c) Definitions.—In this section:

(1) The term “operational requirements” means any of the operational requirements for the VC–25B aircraft described in the capability development document or the system requirements document for the Presidential Aircraft Recapitalization Program.

(2) The term “over and above work” means work performed pursuant to line 0012 (CLIN 0012) of the contract for Presidential Aircraft Recapitalization entered into between the Department of the Air Force and the Boeing Company (contract number FA8625–16–C–6599).

SEC. 147. Limitation on availability of funds for RC–26B aircraft.

(a) Limitation.—Except as provided in subsection (b), none of the funds authorized to be appropriated by this Act or otherwise made available for fiscal year 2020 for the Air Force may be obligated or expended to retire, divest, realign, or place in storage or on backup aircraft inventory status, or prepare to retire, divest, realign, or place in storage or backup inventory status, any RC–26B aircraft until the date on which the Secretary of the Air Force submits to the congressional defense committees—

(1) the report required under subsection (c); and

(2) the certification required under subsection (d).

(b) Exception.—The limitation in subsection (a) shall not apply to individual RC–26B aircraft that the Secretary of the Air Force determines, on a case-by-case basis, to be no longer mission capable because of mishaps or other damage.

(c) Report required.—Not later than 90 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of the Air Force shall submit to the congressional defense committees a report that includes the following:

(1) A survey of any requirements for the Air Force to provide intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance support to other military forces and civil authorities that the Air Force and the Air National Guard meet using the RC–26B aircraft.

(2) An assessment of the extent to which such requirements are appropriate for the Air Force to fulfill.

(3) The manner in which the Secretary would meet such requirements if the RC–26B aircraft were to be retired.

(4) A comparison of costs and effectiveness of alternative means of providing intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance support to other military forces and civil authorities.

(5) An assessment of the utility of entering into one or more memoranda of agreement with other military forces and civil authorities to govern the process for providing intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance support to those forces and authorities.

(d) Certification required.—Not later than 60 days after the date on which the Secretary of the Air Force submits the report required under subsection (c), the Secretary shall certify to the congressional defense committees—

(1) whether there are requirements for the Air Force to provide intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance support to other military forces and civil authorities that the Air Force meets using the RC–26B aircraft; and

(2) whether the Secretary has identified methods of meeting such requirements that are more effective and more efficient than meeting such requirements through the use of the RC–26B aircraft.

SEC. 148. Limitation on availability of funds for retirement of RC–135 aircraft.

(a) Limitation.—Except as provided in subsection (b), none of the funds authorized to be appropriated by this Act or otherwise made available for fiscal year 2020 for the Air Force may be obligated or expended to retire, or prepare to retire, any RC–135 aircraft until a period of 60 days has elapsed following the date on which the Secretary of Defense certifies to the congressional defense committees that—

(1) technologies other than the RC–135 aircraft provide capacity and capabilities equivalent to the capacity and capabilities of the RC–135 aircraft; and

(2) the capacity and capabilities of such other technologies meet the requirements of combatant commanders with respect to indications and warning, intelligence preparation of the operational environment, and direct support for kinetic and nonkinetic operations.

(b) Exception.—The limitation in subsection (a) shall not apply to individual RC–135 aircraft that the Secretary of the Air Force determines, on a case-by-case basis, to be no longer mission capable because of mishaps, other damage, or being uneconomical to repair.

SEC. 149. Air Force aggressor squadron modernization.

(a) Sense of Congress.—It is the sense of Congress that—

(1) it is critical that the Air Force has the capability to train against an advanced air adversary in order to be prepared for conflicts against a modern enemy force, and that in order to have this capability, the Air Force must have access to an advanced adversary force prior to United States adversaries fielding a 5th-generation operational capability; and

(2) the Air Force’s plan to use low-rate initial production F–35As as aggressor aircraft reflects a recognition of the need to field a modernized aggressor fleet.

(b) Report.—

(1) IN GENERAL.—The Secretary of the Air Force may not transfer any low-rate initial production F–35 aircraft for use as aggressor aircraft until the Chief of Staff of the Air Force submits to the congressional defense committees a comprehensive plan and report on the strategy for modernizing its organic aggressor fleet.

(2) ELEMENTS.—The report required under paragraph (1) shall include the following elements:

(A) Potential locations for F–35A aggressor aircraft, including an analysis of installations that—

(i) have the size and availability of airspace necessary to meet flying operations requirements;

(ii) have sufficient capacity and availability of range space;

(iii) are capable of hosting advanced-threat training exercises; and

(iv) meet or require minimal addition to the environmental requirements associated with the basing action.

(B) An analysis of the potential cost and benefits of expanding aggressor squadrons currently operating 18 Primary Assigned Aircraft (PAA) to a level of 24 PAA each.

(C) An analysis of the cost and timelines associated with modernizing the current Air Force aggressor squadrons to include upgrading aircraft radar, infrared search-and-track systems, radar warning receiver, tactical datalink, threat-representative jamming pods, and other upgrades necessary to provide a realistic advanced adversary threat.

SEC. 150. Air Force plan for Combat Rescue Helicopter fielding.

(a) Sense of congress.—It is the sense of Congress that, given delays to Operational Loss Replacement (OLR) program fielding and the on-time fielding of Combat Rescue Helicopter (CRH), the Air National Guard should retain additional HH–60G helicopters at Air National Guard locations to meet their recommended primary aircraft authorized (PAA) per the Air Force’s June 2018 report on Air National Guard HH–60 requirements.

(b) Report on fielding plan.—

(1) IN GENERAL.—Not later than 45 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of the Air Force shall submit to the congressional defense committees a report on its fielding plan for the CRH program.

(2) ELEMENTS.—The report required under paragraph (1) shall include the following elements:

(A) A description of the differences in capabilities between the HH–60G, OLR, and CRH helicopters.

(B) A description of the costs and risks associated with changing the CRH fielding plan to reduce or eliminate inventory shortfalls.

(C) A description of the measures for accelerating the program available within the current contract.

(D) A description of the operational risks and benefits associated with fielding the CRH to the active component first, including—

(i) how the differing fielding plan may affect deployment schedules;

(ii) what capabilities active-component units deploying with the CRH will have that reserve component units deploying with OLR will not; and

(iii) an analysis of the potential costs and benefits that could result from accelerating CRH fielding to all units through additional funding in the future years defense program.

(c) Report on training plan.—

(1) IN GENERAL.—Not later than 45 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of the Air Force shall submit to the congressional defense committees a report on the plan to sustain training for initial-entry reserve component HH–60G pilots once the active component of the Air Force has received all of its CRH helicopters.

(2) ELEMENTS.—The report required under paragraph (1) shall include the following elements:

(A) Projected reserve component aircrew initial HH–60G/OLR qualification training requirements, by year.

(B) The number of legacy HH–60G/OLR helicopters required to continue providing initial HH–60G qualification training through the 150th Special Operations Wing at Kirtland Air Force Base.

(C) The number of personnel required to continue providing initial HH–60G/OLR qualification training through the 150th Special Operations Wing at Kirtland Air Force Base.

(D) The number of flying hours required per pilot to perform “differences training” at home station for initial entry HH–60 pilots receiving CRH training at Kirtland Air Force Base to become qualified in the HH–60G/OLR at their home station.

(E) The projected effect of using local flying training hours at reserve component units on overall unit training readiness and ability to meet Ready Aircrew Program requirements.

SEC. 151. Report on feasibility of multiyear contract for procurement of JASSM–ER missiles.

(a) In general.—Not later than March 31, 2020, the Secretary of the Air Force shall submit a report to the congressional defense committees assessing the feasibility of entering into a multiyear contract for procurement of JASSM–ER missiles starting in fiscal year 2022.

(b) Elements.—The report required under subsection (a) shall include the following elements:

(1) An initial assessment of cost savings to the Air Force from a multiyear contract.

(2) An analysis of at least two different multiyear contract options that vary in either duration or quantity, at least one of which assumes a maximum procurement of 550 missiles per year for 5 years.

(3) An assessment of how a multiyear contract will impact the industrial base.

(4) An assessment of how a multiyear contract will impact the Long Range Anti-Ship Missile.

(5) An assessment of how a multiyear contract will impact the ability of the Air Force to develop additional capabilities for the JASSM–ER missile.

SEC. 152. Report on aircraft fleet of the Civil Air Patrol.

(a) Report.—Not later than 90 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of the Air Force shall submit to the congressional defense committees a report on the aircraft fleet of the Civil Air Patrol.

(b) Elements.—The report required by subsection (a) shall include an assessment of each of the following:

(1) Whether the number of aircraft, types of aircraft, and operating locations that comprise the Civil Air Patrol fleet are suitable for the missions and responsibilities assigned to the Civil Air Patrol, including—

(A) flight proficiency and training;

(B) operational mission training; and

(C) support for cadet orientation and cadet flight training programs in the Civil Air Patrol wing of each State.

(2) The ideal overall size of the Civil Air Patrol aircraft fleet, including a description of the factors used to determine that ideal size.

(3) The process used by the Civil Air Patrol and the Air Force to determine the number and location of aircraft operating locations and whether State Civil Air Patrol wing commanders are appropriately involved in that process.

(4) The process used by the Civil Air Patrol, the Air Force, and other relevant entities to determine the type and number of aircraft that are needed to support the emergency, operational, and training missions of the Civil Air Patrol.

SEC. 153. Sense of Congress on the light attack aircraft initiative of the Air Force.

It is the sense of the Congress that—

(1) The United States Special Operations Command has a mission requirement to support foreign internal defense training and a light attack aircraft platform could potentially facilitate meeting that requirement.

(2) The Secretary of the Air Force should coordinate with the Commander of the United States Special Operations Command to assess how general purpose forces and special operations forces can leverage the light attack aircraft phase three experimentation activities of the Air Force.

(3) The Secretary of the Air Force, in coordination with the Commander of the United States Special Operations Command, should explore options for coordinating light attack aircraft experiment activities between general purpose forces and special operations forces to maximize efficiency and effectiveness and to further the mission requirements of both forces, including options to transfer a portion of funds authorized for Air Force light attack aircraft experiments to procure aircraft for supporting the combat air advisor mission of the Special Operations Command.

SEC. 161. Economic order quantity contracting and buy-to-budget acquisition for F–35 aircraft program.

(a) Economic order quantity contract authority.—

(1) IN GENERAL.—Subject to paragraphs (2) through (4), from amounts made available for obligation under the F–35 aircraft program, the Secretary of Defense may enter into one or more contracts, beginning with the fiscal year 2020 program year, for the procurement of economic order quantities of material and equipment that has completed formal hardware qualification testing for the F–35 aircraft program for use in procurement contracts to be awarded for such program during fiscal years 2021, 2022, and 2023.

(2) LIMITATION.—The total amount obligated under all contracts entered into under paragraph (1) shall not exceed $574,000,000.

(3) PRELIMINARY FINDINGS.—Before entering into a contract under paragraph (1), the Secretary of Defense shall make each of the following findings with respect to such contract:

(A) The use of such a contract will result in significant savings of the total anticipated costs of carrying out the program through annual contracts.

(B) The minimum need for the property to be procured is expected to remain substantially unchanged during the contemplated contract period in terms of production rate, procurement rate, and total quantities.

(C) There is a reasonable expectation that, throughout the contemplated contract period, the Secretary will request funding for the contract at the level required to avoid contract cancellation.

(D) That there is a stable, certified, and qualified design for the property to be procured and that the technical risks and redesign risks associated with such property are low.

(E) The estimates of both the cost of the contract and the anticipated cost avoidance through the use of an economic order quantity contract are realistic.

(F) Entering into the contract will promote the national security interests of the United States.

(4) CERTIFICATION REQUIREMENT.—The Secretary of Defense may not enter into a contract under paragraph (1) until a period of 30 days has elapsed following the date on which the Secretary certifies to the congressional defense committees, in writing, that each of the following conditions is satisfied:

(A) A sufficient number of end items of the system being acquired under such contract have been delivered at or within the most recently available estimates of the program acquisition unit cost or procurement unit cost for such system to determine that the estimates of the unit costs are realistic.

(B) During the fiscal year in which such contract is to be awarded, sufficient funds will be available to perform the contract in such fiscal year, and the future-years defense program submitted to Congress under section 221 of title 10, United States Code, for that fiscal year will include the funding required to execute the program without cancellation.

(C) The contract is a fixed-price type contract.

(D) The proposed contract provides for production at not less than minimum economic rates given the existing tooling and facilities.

(E) The Secretary has determined that each of the conditions described in subparagraphs (A) through (F) of paragraph (3) will be met by such contract and has provided the basis for such determination to the congressional defense committees.

(b) Buy-to-budget acquisition.—Subject to section 2308 of title 10, United States Code, the Secretary of Defense may procure a quantity of F–35 aircraft in excess of the quantity authorized by this Act.

SEC. 162. Relief from contractors for failure to deliver ready-for-issue spare parts for the F–35 aircraft program.

(a) Requirement to seek relief.—Consistent with the findings and recommendations of the Inspector General of the Department of Defense in the report titled “Audit of F–35 Ready-For-Issue Spare Parts and Sustainment Performance Incentive Fees” (DODIG–2019–094) and dated June 13, 2019, the Secretary of Defense shall seek relief, as described in subsection (b), from prime contractors that delivered noncompliant ready-for-issue spare parts pursuant a contract under the F–35 aircraft program.

(b) Relief described.—The relief sought by the Secretary of Defense under subsection (a) may include the following:

(1) Specific performance.

(2) Compensation for costs incurred by the Department of Defense as a result of the contractor’s failure to deliver compliant ready-for-issue spare parts under the contract.

(3) Any other form of remediation or compensation the Secretary determines to be appropriate.

(c) Rule of construction.—Nothing in this section shall be construed—

(1) to alter the terms of a contract under the F–35 aircraft program; or

(2) to authorize the Secretary of Defense to seek forms of relief beyond those otherwise available under law.

SEC. 163. Limitation on availability of funds for reallocation of Turkish F–35A aircraft to the United States.

(a) Limitation.—None of the funds authorized to be appropriated by this Act or otherwise made available for fiscal year 2020 for the Air Force may be obligated or expended to procure a covered F–35A aircraft for the United States Air Force until a period of 15 days has elapsed following the date on which the Secretary of Defense certifies to the congressional defense committees that—

(1) ancillary mission equipment, initial spare parts and materials, technical data, and publications will be procured for each covered F–35A aircraft delivered to the Air Force; and

(2) each such aircraft will be delivered to the Air Force in a common configuration that may be operated and integrated within the fleet of F–35A aircraft of the Air Force.

(b) Covered F–35A aircraft defined.—In this section, the term “covered F–35A aircraft” means an F–35A aircraft previously procured by or on behalf of the Government of the Republic of Turkey in F–35 production lot 12, 13, or 14.

SEC. 164. Requirement to establish the use of an Agile DevOps software development solution as an alternative for Joint Strike Fighter Autonomic Logistics Information System.

(a) Competitive analysis.—The Secretary of Defense shall conduct a competitive analysis of the performance and design architecture enhancement efforts between the currently fielded Autonomic logistics Information System, Autonomic Logistics Information System–Next, and the Department of the Air Force Agile Development Operations Madhatter initiative efforts, including system technology transition opportunities and timelines.

(c) Briefing.—Not later than September 30, 2020, the Secretary of Defense shall provide the congressional defense committees a briefing on the findings of the competitive analysis carried out under subsection (a).

SEC. 165. F–35 sustainment cost.

(a) Quarterly update.—The Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment shall include in the quarterly report required under section 155 of the John S. McCain National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2019 (Public Law 115–232)—

(1) sustainment cost data related to the F–35 program, including a comparison in itemized format of the cost of legacy aircraft and the cost of the F–35 program, based on a standardized set of criteria; and

(2) an evaluation and metrics on the extent to which the goals developed pursuant to subsection (b) are being achieved.

(b) Cost reduction plan.—

(1) IN GENERAL.—The Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment shall develop and implement a plan for achieving significant reductions in the costs to operate, maintain, and sustain the F–35 system.

(2) ELEMENTS.—The plan required under paragraph (1) shall include the following elements:

(A) Specific changes in the management and execution of operation and support (O&S) cost elements to engender continuous and measurable process improvements.

(B) Specific actions the Department will implement in the near, mid, and long terms to reduce O&S costs.

(C) Firm and achievable timelines for implementing the specific actions and process changes.

(3) REPORT.—Not later than 180 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Under Secretary shall submit to the congressional defense committees a report on the baseline plan developed pursuant to paragraph (1).

SEC. 166. Reports on the progress and performance of the F–35 aircraft program.

(a) F-35 Block 4 and Continuous Capability Development and Delivery Program.—The Secretary of Defense shall include with the annual report required by section 224(d) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114–328; 130 Stat. 2059) an integrated master schedule and past performance assessment for each planned phase of the F–35 Block 4 Upgrade and Continuous Capability Development and Delivery Program.

(b) Comptroller general reports.—

(1) ANNUAL REPORT REQUIRED.—Not later than 30 days after the date on which the budget of the President is submitted to Congress under section 1105(a) of title 31, United States Code, for each of fiscal years 2021 through 2025, the Comptroller General of the United States shall submit to the congressional defense committees a report on the F–35 aircraft program.

(2) ELEMENTS.—Each report under paragraph (1) shall include, with respect to the F–35 aircraft program, the following:

(A) An assessment of the progress of manufacturing processes improvement under the program.

(B) The progress and results of the F–35 Block 4 Upgrade and Continuous Capability Development and Delivery Program and other follow-on modernization development and testing efforts.

(C) An assessment of the Department’s schedule for delivering software upgrades in six-month, scheduled increments.

(D) The progress and results of any other significant hardware development and fielding efforts necessary for the F–35 Block 4 Upgrade and Continuous Capability Development and Delivery Program.

(E) Any other issues the Comptroller General determines to be appropriate.

(c) F–35 block 4 defined.—In this section, the term “F–35 Block 4 Upgrade and Continuous Capability Development and Delivery Program” means Block 4 capability upgrades for the F–35 aircraft program as described in the Selected Acquisition Report for the program submitted to Congress in March 2019, pursuant to section 2432 of title 10, United States Code.

SEC. 167. Other reports on the F–35 aircraft program.

(a) Report on F–35 reliability and maintainability metrics.—The Secretary of Defense shall submit to the congressional defense committees a report on the reliability and maintainability metrics for the F–35 aircraft. The report shall include the following:

(1) The results of a review and assessment, conducted by the program office for the F–35 aircraft program, of the reliability and maintainability metrics for the aircraft as set forth in the most recent operational requirements document for the program.

(2) A determination of whether the reliability and maintainability metrics for the aircraft, as set forth in the most recent operational requirements document for the program, are feasible and attainable, and what changes, if any, will be made to update the metrics.

(3) A certification that the program office for the F–35 aircraft program has revised the reliability and maintainability improvement plan for the aircraft—

(A) to identify specific and measurable reliability and maintainability objectives in the improvement plan guidance; and

(B) to identify and document which projects included in the improvement plan will achieve the objectives identified under subparagraph (A).

(b) Report on F–35 Block 4 Upgrade and Continuous Capability Development and Delivery Program.—

(1) IN GENERAL.—The Secretary of Defense shall submit to the congressional defense committees a report on the F–35 Block 4 Upgrade and Continuous Capability Development and Delivery Program. The report shall include the following:

(A) The results of the independent cost estimate for the Program conducted by the Director of Cost Assessment and Program Evaluation.

(B) An approved test and evaluation master plan that addresses the adequacy of testing resources, testing aircraft shortfalls, and testing funding.

(C) A review of the feasibility and schedule of the continuous capability development and delivery strategy for fielding technologies under the Program as conducted by the Under Secretary of Defense for Research and Engineering.

(2) F–35 BLOCK 4 DEFINED.—In this subsection, the term “F–35 Block 4 Upgrade and Continuous Capability Development and Delivery Program” has the meaning given that term in section 166.

(c) Report on F–35 autonomic logistics information system.—The Secretary of Defense shall submit to the congressional defense committees a report on the autonomic logistics information system of the F–35 aircraft. The report shall include a description of each of the following:

(1) All shortfalls, capability gaps, and deficiencies in the system that have been identified as of the date of the enactment of this Act.

(2) The strategy and performance requirements that will be implemented to improve the system.

(3) The strategy, implementation plan, schedule, and estimated costs of developing and fielding—

(A) the next generation of the system; or

(B) future increments of the system.

(d) F-35 life-cycle cost estimates.—

(1) JOINT COST ESTIMATE.—The Secretary of the Air Force and the Secretary of the Navy shall jointly develop a joint service cost estimate for the life-cycle costs of the F–35 aircraft program.

(2) INDEPENDENT COST ESTIMATE.—The Director of Cost Assessment and Program Evaluation shall develop an independent cost estimate for the life-cycle costs of the F–35 aircraft program.

(e) Deadline for submittal.—The reports required under subsections (a) through (d) shall be submitted to the congressional defense committees not later than 180 days after the date of the enactment of this Act.

SEC. 168. Limitation on availability of funds for communications systems lacking certain resiliency features.

(a) In general.—Except as provided under subsection (b), none of the funds authorized to be appropriated by this Act or otherwise made available for fiscal year 2020 for the Department of Defense may be obligated or expended for the procurement of a current or future Department of Defense communications program of record, and the Department may not otherwise procure a current or future communications program of record, unless the communications equipment—

(1) mitigates geolocation of a transmission that would allow a like echelon enemy force to target the user;

(2) securely communicates classified information in a contested communications environment that includes operationally representative jamming;

(3) reduces, within two years of continued development and upgrades, electronic signature and susceptibility to geolocation by using low probability of intercept/detect (LPI/LPD) waveforms, or other capability that would provide the same resiliency on the battlefield; and

(4) utilizes a waveform that is either made available through the Department of Defense Waveform Information Repository, or is a commercial off the shelf (COTS) waveform available for government licensing with waveform analysis through the Joint Tactical Networking Center (JTNC) Tactical Communications Marketplace.

(b) Waiver.—The Secretary of a military department may waive the requirement under subsection (a) with respect to a communications system upon certifying to the congressional defense committees that the system's intended use is not for contested environments or will meet the requirement when operated as a component of an integrated network.

SEC. 169. Repeal of tactical unmanned vehicle common data link requirement.

(a) Report required.—

(1) IN GENERAL.—Not later than February 1, 2020, the Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment shall submit to the congressional defense committees a report on the status of the Common Data Link program and plans to meet new and emerging manned and unmanned intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance (ISR) vehicle secure and interoperable communication requirements.

(2) ELEMENTS.—The report required under paragraph (1) shall include the following elements:

(A) A description of each Common Data Link (CDL) waveform in use and which platforms or systems utilize each CDL waveform.

(B) A list of manned and unmanned ISR platforms or systems in development requiring networked, secure, low latency communications, and an assessment of the suitability of CDL to meet the requirements of each planned program.

(C) A description of in-progress or planned technology development efforts to address networking requirements for manned and unmanned ISR systems operating in contested and denied environments.

(b) Repeal.—Section 157 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2013 (Public Law 112–239; 126 Stat. 1667) is hereby repealed.


Sec. 201. Authorization of appropriations.

Sec. 211. Program on enhancement of preparation of dependents of members of Armed Forces for careers in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics.

Sec. 212. Updates to the Department of Defense personnel management authority to attract experts in science and engineering.

Sec. 213. Establishment of joint reserve detachment of the Defense Innovation Unit.

Sec. 214. Research and educational programs and activities for Historically Black Colleges and Universities and Minority-Serving Institutions of Higher Education.

Sec. 215. Modification of authority for prizes for advanced technology achievements.

Sec. 216. Joint hypersonics transition office.

Sec. 217. Modification of proof of concept commercialization program.

Sec. 218. Modification of authority and addition of technology areas for expedited access to technical talent.

Sec. 219. Expansion of coordination in support of national security innovation and entrepreneurial education.

Sec. 220. Modification of defense quantum information science and technology research and development program.

Sec. 221. Understanding of investments in artificial intelligence and development of capabilities by adversaries.

Sec. 222. Advisory role of JASON scientific advisory group.

Sec. 223. Direct Air Capture and Blue Carbon Removal Technology Program.

Sec. 224. Requiring defense microelectronics products and services meet trusted supply chain and operational security standards.

Sec. 225. Development and acquisition strategy to procure secure, low probability of detection data link network capability.

Sec. 226. Establishment of secure next-generation wireless network (5G) infrastructure for the Nevada Test and Training Range and base infrastructure.

Sec. 227. Administration of manufacturing innovation institutes funded by the Department of Defense.

Sec. 228. Research program on foreign malign influence operations.

Sec. 229. Diversification of the research and engineering workforce of the Department of Defense.

Sec. 230. Policy on the talent management of digital expertise and software professionals.

Sec. 231. Digital engineering capability to automate testing and evaluation.

Sec. 232. Process to align policy formulation and emerging technology development.

Sec. 233. Improvement of the Strategic Capabilities Office of the Department of Defense.

Sec. 234. Pilot program on enhanced civics education.

Sec. 235. Technology and national security fellowship.

Sec. 236. Documentation relating to the Advanced Battle Management System.

Sec. 237. Sensor data integration for fifth generation aircraft.

Sec. 238. Sense of Congress on future vertical lift technologies.

Sec. 239. Use of funds for Strategic Environmental Research Program, Environmental Security Technical Certification Program, and Operational Energy Capability Improvement.

Sec. 240. Limitation and report on Indirect Fire Protection Capability Increment 2 capability.

Sec. 251. Master plan for implementation of authorities relating to science and technology reinvention laboratories.

Sec. 252. Infrastructure to support research, development, test, and evaluation missions.

Sec. 253. Energetics plan.

Sec. 254. Strategy and implementation plan for fifth generation information and communications technologies.

Sec. 255. Department-wide software science and technology strategy.

Sec. 256. Artificial intelligence education strategy.

Sec. 257. Cyber science and technology activities roadmap and reports.

Sec. 258. Report on B–52 commercial engine replacement program.

Sec. 259. Commercial edge computing technologies and best practices for Department of Defense warfighting systems.

Sec. 260. Biannual report on the Joint Artificial Intelligence Center.

Sec. 261. Quarterly updates on the Optionally Manned Fighting Vehicle program.

Sec. 262. National Study on Defense Research At Historically Black Colleges and Universities and Other Minority Institutions.

Sec. 263. Study on national security emerging biotechnologies for the Department of Defense.

Sec. 264. Independent study on optimizing resources allocated to Combating Terrorism Technical Support Office.

Sec. 265. Independent assessment of electronic warfare plans and programs.

Sec. 266. Technical correction to Global Research Watch Program.

SEC. 201. Authorization of appropriations.

Funds are hereby authorized to be appropriated for fiscal year 2020 for the use of the Department of Defense for research, development, test, and evaluation, as specified in the funding table in section 4201.

SEC. 211. Program on enhancement of preparation of dependents of members of Armed Forces for careers in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics.

(a) Program required.—Chapter 111 of title 10, United States Code, is amended by inserting after section 2192a the following new section:

§ 2192b. Program on enhancement of preparation of dependents of members of armed forces for careers in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics

“(a) Program required.—The Secretary of Defense shall carry out a program to—

“(1) enhance the preparation of students at covered schools for careers in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics; and

“(2) provide assistance to teachers at covered schools to enhance preparation described in paragraph (1).

“(b) Coordination.—In carrying out the program, the Secretary shall coordinate with the following:

“(1) The Secretaries of the military departments.

“(2) The Secretary of Education.

“(3) The National Science Foundation.

“(4) Other organizations as the Secretary of Defense considers appropriate.

“(c) Activities.—Activities under the program may include the following:

“(1) Establishment of targeted internships and cooperative research opportunities at defense laboratories and other technical centers for students and teachers at covered schools.

“(2) Establishment of scholarships and fellowships for students at covered schools.

“(3) Efforts and activities that improve the quality of science, technology, engineering, and mathematics educational and training opportunities for students and teachers at covered schools, including with respect to improving the development of curricula at covered schools.

“(4) Development of travel opportunities, demonstrations, mentoring programs, and informal science education for students and teachers at covered schools.

“(d) Metrics.—The Secretary shall establish outcome-based metrics and internal and external assessments to evaluate the merits and benefits of activities conducted under the program with respect to the needs of the Department of Defense.

“(e) Covered schools defined.—In this section, the term ‘covered schools’ means elementary or secondary schools at which the Secretary determines a significant number of dependents of members of the armed forces are enrolled.”.

(b) Clerical amendment.—The table of sections at the beginning of such chapter is amended by inserting after the item relating to section 2192a the following new item:


“2192b. Program on enhancement of preparation of dependents of members of armed forces for careers in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics.”.

(c) Conforming repeal.—Section 233 of the Carl Levin and Howard P. “Buck” McKeon National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2015 (Public Law 113–291; 10 U.S.C. 2193a note) is repealed.

SEC. 212. Updates to the Department of Defense personnel management authority to attract experts in science and engineering.

(a) In general.—Subsection (a) of section 1599h of title 10, United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new paragraph:

“(6) JOINT ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE CENTER.—The Director of the Joint Artificial Intelligence Center may carry out a program of personnel management authority provided in subsection (b) in order to facilitate recruitment of eminent experts in science or engineering for the Center. The authority to carry out the program under this paragraph shall terminate on December 31, 2024.”.

(b) Scope of appointment authority.—Subsection (b)(1) of such section is amended—

(1) in subparagraph (D), by striking “and” at the end;

(2) in subparagraph (E), by adding “and” at the end; and

(3) by adding at the end the following new subparagraph:

“(F) in the case of the Joint Artificial Intelligence Center, appoint scientists and engineers to a total of not more than 5 scientific and engineering positions in the Center;”.

(c) Extension of terms of appointment.—Subsection (c)(2) of such section is amended by striking “or the Defense Innovation Unit Experimental” and inserting “the Defense Innovation Unit, or the Joint Artificial Intelligence Center”.

(d) Update to organizational name.—Such section is further amended—

(1) in subsection (a)(5)—

(A) in the subsection heading by striking “DIUX” and inserting “DIU”; and

(B) by striking “Experimental”; and

(2) in subsection (b)(1)(E), by striking “Experimental”.

SEC. 213. Establishment of joint reserve detachment of the Defense Innovation Unit.

(a) In general.—

(1) ESTABLISHMENT OF JOINT RESERVE DETACHMENT OF THE DEFENSE INNOVATION UNIT.—Chapter 139 of title 10, United States Code, is amended by inserting after section 2358a the following new section:

§ 2358b. Joint reserve detachment of the Defense Innovation Unit

“(a) Establishment.—The Secretary of Defense, in consultation with the Secretaries of the military departments, may establish a joint reserve detachment (referred to in this section as the ‘Detachment’) composed of members of the reserve components described in subsection (b) to be assigned to each office of the Defense Innovation Unit to—

“(1) support engagement and collaboration with private-sector industry and the community surrounding the location of such office; and

“(2) to accelerate the use and adoption of commercially-developed technologies for national security purposes.

“(b) Members.—Each Secretary of a military department shall select for the Detachment, and make efforts to retain, members of the reserve components who possess relevant private-sector experience in the fields of business, acquisition, intelligence, engineering, technology transfer, science, mathematics, program management, logistics, cybersecurity, or such other fields as determined by the Under Secretary of Defense for Research and Engineering.

“(c) Duties.—The Detachment shall have the following duties:

“(1) Providing the Department of Defense with—

“(A) expertise on and analysis of commercially-developed technologies;

“(B) commercially-developed technologies to be used as alternatives for technologies in use by the Department; and

“(C) opportunities for greater engagement and collaboration between the Department and private-sector industry on innovative technologies.

“(2) On an ongoing basis—

“(A) partnering with the military departments, the combatant commands, and other Department of Defense organizations to—

“(i) identify and rapidly prototype commercially-developed technologies; and

“(ii) use alternative contracting mechanisms to procure such technologies;

“(B) increasing awareness of—

“(i) the work of the Defense Innovation Unit; and

“(ii) the technology requirements of the Department of Defense as identified in the National Defense Science and Technology Strategy developed under section 218 of the John S. McCain National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2019 (Public Law 115–232; 132 Stat. 1679); and

“(C) using the investment in research and development made by private-sector industry in assessing and developing dual-use technologies.

“(3) Carrying out other activities as directed by the Under Secretary of Defense for Research and Engineering.

“(d) Joint duty.—Assignment to a Detachment shall not qualify as a joint duty assignment, as defined in section 668(b)(1) of title 10, United States Code, unless approved by the Secretary of Defense.”.

(2) CLERICAL AMENDMENT.—The table of sections at the beginning of such chapter is amended by inserting after the item relating to section 2358a the following new item:


“2358b. Joint reserve detachment of the Defense Innovation Unit.”.

(b) Implementation report.—Not later than 120 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Under Secretary of Defense for Research and Engineering, in consultation with the Director of the Defense Innovation Unit and the Secretaries of the military departments, shall submit to the congressional defense committees a report that includes—

(1) an organizational plan and the estimated costs for establishing the joint reserve detachment required under section 2358b of title 10, United States Code (as added by subsection (a)); and

(2) a timeline specifying when such detachment will attain initial operational capability and full operational capability, respectively.

SEC. 214. Research and educational programs and activities for Historically Black Colleges and Universities and Minority-Serving Institutions of Higher Education.

Section 2362 of title 10, United States Code, is amended—

(1) by redesignating subsections (d) and (e) as subsections (e) and (f), respectively; and

(2) by inserting after subsection (c) the following new subsection:

“(d) Incentives.—The Secretary of Defense may develop incentives to encourage research and educational collaborations between covered educational institutions and other institutions of higher education.”.

SEC. 215. Modification of authority for prizes for advanced technology achievements.

Section 2374a(a) of title 10, United States Code, is amended by striking “Assistant Secretary of Defense for Research and Engineering” and inserting “Under Secretary of Defense for Research and Engineering, the Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment,”.

SEC. 216. Joint hypersonics transition office.

Section 218 of the John Warner National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2007 (Public Law 109–364; 10 U.S.C. 2358 note) is amended—

(1) in subsection (a), by striking “the program required under subsection (b), and shall” and inserting “the program and activities described in subsections (b) through (f), and shall”;

(2) by redesignating subsections (c) through (e) as subsections (d) through (f), respectively;

(3) by inserting after subsection (b) the following new subsection (c):

“(c) University expertise.—

“(1) ARRANGEMENT WITH INSTITUTIONS OF HIGHER EDUCATION.—Using the authority specified in section 217 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2018 (Public Law 115–91; 10 U.S.C. 2358 note) or another similar authority, the Office shall seek to enter into an arrangement with one or more institutions of higher education (as defined in section 101 of the Higher Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 1001)) under which such institutions may provide the Office with—

“(A) access to research, technology development, and workforce development expertise to support the mission of the Office; and

“(B) foundational and applied hypersonic research, development, and workforce support in areas that the Office determines to be relevant for the Department of Defense.

“(2) AVAILABILITY OF INFORMATION.—The Office shall ensure that the results of any research and reports produced pursuant to an arrangement under paragraph (1) are made available to the Federal Government, the private sector, academia, and international partners consistent with appropriate security classification guidance.”;

(4) in subsection (d), as so redesignated—

(A) in paragraph (4), by striking the comma before the period; and

(B) in paragraph (5), by striking “certified under subsection (e) as being consistent with the roadmap under subsection (d)” and inserting “certified under subsection (f) as being consistent with the roadmap under subsection (e)”;

(5) in subsection (e), as so redesignated, by adding at the end the following new paragraph:

“(4) SUBMITTAL TO CONGRESS.—

“(A) INITIAL SUBMISSION.—Not later than 180 days after the date of the enactment of this paragraph, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the congressional defense committees the most recent roadmap developed under paragraph (1).

“(B) SUBSEQUENT SUBMISSIONS.—The Secretary of Defense shall submit to the congressional defense committees each roadmap revised under paragraph (1) together with the budget submitted to Congress under section 1105 of title 31, United States Code, for the fiscal year concerned.”; and

(6) in subsection (f), as so redesignated—

(A) by striking “subsection (d)” each place it appears and inserting “subsection (e)”; and

(B) in paragraph (3), by striking “2016” and inserting “2026”.

SEC. 217. Modification of proof of concept commercialization program.

(a) Extension of program.—Section 1603(g) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2014 (Public Law 113–66; 10 U.S.C. 2359 note) is amended by striking “2019” and inserting “2024”.

(b) Additional improvements.—Section 1603 of such Act, as amended by subsection (a), is further amended—

(1) in the section heading, by inserting “of dual-use technology” after “commercialization”;

(2) in subsection (a)—

(A) by inserting “of Dual-Use Technology” after “Commercialization”; and

(B) by inserting “with a focus on priority defense technology areas that attract public and private sector funding, as well as private sector investment capital, including from venture capital firms in the United States,” before “in accordance”;

(3) in subsection (c)(4)(A)(iv), by inserting “, which may include access to venture capital” after “award”;

(4) by striking subsection (d);

(5) by redesignating subsection (e) as subsection (d);

(6) by inserting after subsection (d), as so redesignated, the following new subsection (e):

“(e) Authorities.—In carrying out this section, the Secretary may use the following authorities:

“(1) Section 1599g of title 10 of the United States Code, relating to public-private talent exchanges.

“(2) Section 2368 of such title, relating to Centers for Science, Technology, and Engineering Partnerships.

“(3) Section 2374a of such title, relating to prizes for advanced technology achievements.

“(4) Section 2474 of such title, relating to Centers of Industrial and Technical Excellence.

“(5) Section 2521 of such title, relating to the Manufacturing Technology Program.

“(6) Section 225 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2018 (Public Law 115–91; 10 U.S.C. 2359 note).

“(7) Section 1711 of such Act (Public Law 115–91; 10 U.S.C. 2505 note), relating to a pilot program on strengthening manufacturing in the defense industrial base.

“(8) Section 12 of the Stevenson-Wydler Technology Innovation Act of 1980 (15 U.S.C. 3710a) and section 6305 of title 31, United States Code, relating to cooperative research and development agreements.”.

(7) by striking subsection (f); and

(8) by redesignating subsection (g) as subsection (f).

SEC. 218. Modification of authority and addition of technology areas for expedited access to technical talent.

(a) Modification of authority.—Subsection (a)(1) of section 217 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2018 (Public Law 115–91; 10 U.S.C. 2358 note) is amended by striking “The Secretary of Defense shall, acting through the secretaries of the military departments, establish” and inserting “Not later than 180 days after the date of the enactment of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2020, the Secretary of Defense shall direct the secretaries of the military departments to establish”.

(b) Additional technology areas.—Subsection (e) of such section is amended—

(1) by redesignating paragraph (27) as paragraph (30); and

(2) by inserting after paragraph (26) the following new paragraph (27):

“(27) Rapid prototyping.

“(28) Infrastructure resilience.

“(29) Hypersonics.”.

SEC. 219. Expansion of coordination in support of national security innovation and entrepreneurial education.

Section 225(e) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2018 (Public Law 115–91; 10 U.S.C. 2359 note) is amended by adding at the end the following new paragraph:

“(18) The Lab-Embedded Entrepreneurship Programs of the Department of Energy.”.

SEC. 220. Modification of defense quantum information science and technology research and development program.

Section 234 of the John S. McCain National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2019 (Public Law 115–232; 10 U.S.C. 2358 note) is amended—

(1) in subsection (b)—

(A) in paragraph (2), by striking “private sector entities” and inserting “private sector and international entities”; and

(B) in paragraph (6), by striking “facilities and infrastructure” and inserting “facilities, workforce, and infrastructure”;

(2) in subsection (c)—

(A) in paragraph (2), by striking “quantum sciences;” and inserting “quantum information sciences, including through consultation with—

“(A) the National Quantum Coordination Office;

“(B) the subcommittee on Quantum Information Science of the National Science and Technology Council;

“(C) other organizations and elements of the Department of Defense;

“(D) other Federal agencies; and

“(E) appropriate private sector organizations;”;

(B) by redesignating paragraphs (3) and (4) as paragraphs (6) and (7), respectively;

(C) by inserting after paragraph (2), the following new paragraphs:

“(3) in consultation with the entities listed in paragraph (2), develop plans for—

“(A) the development of the quantum information science and technology workforce;

“(B) enhancing awareness of quantum information science and technology;

“(C) reducing the risk of cybersecurity threats posed by quantum information science technology; and

“(D) development of ethical guidelines for the use of quantum information science technology;

“(4) in consultation with the National Institute of Standards and Technology and other appropriate Federal entities, develop a quantum information science taxonomy and standards and requirements for quantum information technology;

“(5) support efforts to increase the technology readiness level of quantum information science technologies under development in the United States;”;

(D) in paragraph (6), as so redesignated, by striking “quantum science” and inserting “quantum information science”; and

(E) in paragraph (7), as so redesignated, by striking “for meeting the long-term challenges and achieving the specific technical goals” and inserting “for carrying out the program under subsection (a)”;

(3) by redesignating subsection (d) as subsection (e);

(4) by inserting afer subsection (c) the following new subsection (d):

“(d) Quantum information science research centers.—The Secretary of each military department may establish or designate a defense laboratory or establish activities to engage with appropriate public and private sector organizations, including academic organizations, to enhance and accelerate the research, development, and deployment of quantum information sciences and quantum information science-enabled technologies and systems. The Secretary of Defense shall ensure that not less than one such laboratory or center is established or designated.”; and

(5) in paragraph (2) of subsection (e), as so redesignated—

(A) in subparagraph (A), by inserting “information” before “sciences”;

(B) in subparagraph (B),

(i) by inserting “information” before “sciences”; and

(ii) by inserting “, including a discussion of likely impacts of quantum information science and technology on military capabilities” before the period at the end;

(C) in subparagraph (C), by inserting “information” before “sciences”;

(D) by redesignating subparagraph (E) as subparagraph (F); and

(E) by striking subparagraph (D) and inserting the following new subparagraphs:

“(D) A description of the activities carried out in accordance with this section, including, for each such activity—

“(i) a roadmap for the activity;

“(ii) a summary of the funding provided for the activity; and

“(iii) an estimated timeline for the development and military deployment of quantum technologies supported through the activity.

“(E) A description of the efforts of the Department of Defense to update classification and cybersecurity practices relating to quantum technology, including—

“(i) security processes and requirements for engagement with allied countries; and

“(ii) a plan for security-cleared government and contractor workforce development.”.

SEC. 221. Understanding of investments in artificial intelligence and development of capabilities by adversaries.

Section 238(c)(2)(I) of the John S. McCain National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2019 (Public Law 115–232) is amended—

(1) in clause (i), by striking “; and” and inserting a semicolon;

(2) in clause (ii), by striking the period at the end and inserting “; and”; and

(3) by adding at the end the following new clause:

“(iii) that appropriate entities in the Department are reviewing all open source publications from both the United States and outside the United States that contribute to, affect, or advance—

“(I) artificial intelligence research and development; or

“(II) the understanding of the Secretary concerning the investments by adversaries of the United States in artificial intelligence and the development by such adversaries of capabilities relating to artificial intelligence.”.

SEC. 222. Advisory role of JASON scientific advisory group.

(a) Ongoing engagement of certain scientific advisory personnel.—

(1) IN GENERAL.—The Secretary of Defense shall seek to engage the members of the independent, private scientific advisory group known as “JASON” as advisory personnel to provide advice, on an ongoing basis, on matters involving science, technology, and national security, including methods to defeat existential and technologically-amplified threats to national security.

(2) AVAILABILITY TO OTHER FEDERAL AGENCIES.—At the request of a Federal agency outside the Department of Defense, the Secretary of Defense shall seek to make personnel engaged under paragraph (1) available to such agency for the purpose of providing advice to the agency on the matters described in such subsection.

(b) Arrangement for conduct of national security studies and analysis.—

(1) IN GENERAL.—Pursuant to subsection (a), the Secretary of Defense, acting through the Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment, shall seek to enter into an arrangement under which JASON may provide national security research studies and other analyses to the Department of Defense and other Federal agencies to meet mission requirements and agency needs.

(2) FORM OF ARRANGEMENT.—The arrangement entered into under paragraph (1) shall be in a form the Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment determines to be appropriate for the Department of Defense, which may include a contract, a grant, a cooperative agreement, the use of other transaction authority under section 2371 of title 10, United States Code, or another such arrangement.

(3) TIMING OF ARRANGEMENT.—The Secretary of Defense shall seek to enter into the arrangement under paragraph (1) not later than 120 days after the date of the enactment of this Act.

(4) TERMS OF ARRANGEMENT.—The arrangement entered into under paragraph (1) shall—

(A) if specifically negotiated as part of the arrangement, provide for the Department of Defense to reimburse the entity supporting JASON for all or a portion of the overhead costs incurred in support of the arrangement;

(B) allow Federal Government entities outside the Department of Defense with responsibilities relating to national security to seek to engage JASON to perform individual studies relating to national security matters as part of the arrangement; and

(C) require that a Federal agency that engages JASON to perform a study under the arrangement will fully fund such study, including a proportional percentage to the total overhead costs incurred under the arrangement.

(5) LIMITATION ON TERMINATION.—

(A) IN GENERAL.—The Secretary of Defense may not terminate the arrangement under paragraph (1) until a period of 180 days has elapsed following the date on which the Secretary—

(i) notifies the congressional defense committees of the intent of the Secretary to terminate the arrangement; and

(ii) submits the report required under subparagraph (B).

(B) REPORT REQUIRED.—

(i) IN GENERAL.—If the Secretary of Defense determines that the arrangement under paragraph (1) should be terminated, the Secretary shall submit to the congressional defense committees a report on the proposed termination of the arrangement.

(ii) ELEMENTS.—The report required under clause (i) shall include the following:

(I) A summary of the execution of research projects conducted by JASON over the four fiscal years preceding the date of the report, including the projects requested by the Department of Defense and the projects requested by other Federal agencies.

(II) An analysis of the costs to the Department of Defense of maintaining the arrangement under which JASON provided national security research studies, including any overhead costs incurred by the Department or shared among Federal agencies over the four fiscal years preceding the date of the report.

(III) A timeline for the potential transition or termination of the activities, functions, and expertise provided by JASON under the arrangement.

(IV) An assessment of the impact that the termination of the arrangement with JASON will have on defense research studies and analytical capabilities, including a mitigation plan that identifies where alternative and comparable scientific advice and expertise is available and a comparison of the costs associated with each alternative.

(iii) FORM OF REPORT.—The report required under clause (i) may be submitted in unclassified or classified form.

(6) ANNUAL SUMMARY REPORT.—Not later than March 1 of each year beginning after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the congressional defense committees a report that includes—

(A) a summary of expenditures made under the arrangement with JASON under paragraph (1); and

(B) a summary of the studies and other activities carried out by JASON pursuant to such arrangement in the preceding calendar year.

SEC. 223. Direct Air Capture and Blue Carbon Removal Technology Program.

(a) Program required.—

(1) IN GENERAL.—The Secretary of Defense, in coordination with the Secretary of Homeland Security, the Secretary of Energy, and the heads of such other Federal agencies as the Secretary of Defense considers appropriate, shall carry out a program on research, development, testing, evaluation, study, and demonstration of technologies related to blue carbon capture and direct air capture.

(2) PROGRAM GOALS.—The goals of the program established under paragraph (1) are as follows:

(A) To develop technologies that capture carbon dioxide from seawater and the air to turn such carbon dioxide into clean fuels to enhance fuel and energy security.

(B) To develop and demonstrate technologies that capture carbon dioxide from seawater and the air to reuse such carbon dioxide to create products for military uses.

(C) To develop direct air capture technologies for use—

(i) at military installations or facilities of the Department of Defense; or

(ii) in modes of transportation by the Navy or the Coast Guard.

(3) PHASES.—The program established under paragraph (1) shall be carried out in two phases as follows:

(A) The first phase shall consist of research and development and shall be carried out as described in subsection (b).

(B) The second phase shall consist of testing and evaluation and shall be carried out as described in subsection (c), if the Secretary determines that the results of the research and development phase justify implementing the testing and evaluation phase.

(4) DESIGNATION.—The program established under paragraph (1) shall be known as the “Direct Air Capture and Blue Carbon Removal Technology Program” (in this section referred to as the “Program”).

(b) Research and development phase.—

(1) IN GENERAL.—During the research and development phase of the Program, the Secretary of Defense shall conduct research and development in pursuit of the goals set forth in subsection (a)(2).

(2) DIRECT AIR CAPTURE.—The research and development phase of the Program may include, with respect to direct air capture, a front end engineering and design study that includes an evaluation of direct air capture designs to produce fuel for use—

(A) at military installations or facilities of the Department of Defense; or

(B) in modes of transportation by the Navy or the Coast Guard.

(3) COMMENCEMENT.—The Secretary shall commence carrying out the research and development phase of the Program not later than 90 days after the date of the enactment of this Act.

(4) GRANTS AUTHORIZED.—The Secretary may carry out the research and development phase of the Program through the award of grants to private persons and eligible laboratories.

(5) REPORT REQUIRED.—Not later than 180 days after the date of the completion of the research and development phase of the Program, the Secretary shall submit to Congress a report on the research and development carried out under the Program.

(c) Testing and evaluation phase.—

(1) IN GENERAL.—During the testing and evaluation phase of the Program, the Secretary shall, in pursuit of the goals set forth in subsection (a)(2), conduct tests and evaluations of the technologies researched and developed during the research and development phase of the Program.

(2) DIRECT AIR CAPTURE.—The testing and evaluation phase of the Program may include demonstration projects for direct air capture to produce fuels for use—

(A) at military installations or facilities of the Department of Defense; or

(B) in modes of transportation by the Navy or the Coast Guard.

(3) COMMENCEMENT.—Subject to subsection (a)(3)(B), the Secretary shall commence carrying out the testing and evaluation phase of the Program on the date of the completion of the research and development phase described in subsection (b), except that the testing and evaluation phase of the Program with respect to direct air capture may commence at such time after a front end engineering and design study demonstrates to the Secretary that commencement of such phase is appropriate.

(4) GRANTS AUTHORIZED.—The Secretary may carry out the testing and evaluation phase of the Program through the award of grants to private persons and eligible laboratories.

(5) LOCATIONS.—The Secretary shall carry out the testing and evaluation phase of the Program at military installations or facilities of the Department of Defense.

(6) REPORT REQUIRED.—Not later than September 30, 2026, the Secretary shall submit to Congress a report on the findings of the Secretary with respect to the effectiveness of the technologies tested and evaluated under the Program.

(d) Definitions.—In this section:

(1) The term “blue carbon capture” means the removal of dissolved carbon dioxide from seawater through engineered or inorganic processes, including filters, membranes, or phase change systems.

(2) (A) The term “direct air capture”, with respect to a facility, technology, or system, means that the facility, technology, or system uses carbon capture equipment to capture carbon dioxide directly from the air.

(B) The term “direct air capture” does not include any facility, technology, or system that captures carbon dioxide—

(i) that is deliberately released from a naturally occurring subsurface spring; or

(ii) using natural photosynthesis.

(3) The term “eligible laboratory” means—

(A) a National Laboratory (as defined in section 2 of the Energy Policy Act of 2005 (42 U.S.C. 15801));

(B) a science and technology reinvention laboratory designated under section 1105 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2010 (Public Law 111–84; 10 U.S.C. 2358 note);

(C) the Major Range and Test Facility Base (as defined in section 2358a(f) of title 10, United States Code); or

(D) any other facility that supports the research, development, test, and evaluation activities of the Department of Defense or the Department of Energy.

SEC. 224. Requiring defense microelectronics products and services meet trusted supply chain and operational security standards.

(a) Purchases.—To protect the United States from intellectual property theft and to ensure national security and public safety in the application of new generations of wireless network technology and microelectronics, beginning no later than January 1, 2023, the Secretary of Defense shall ensure that each microelectronics product or service that the Department of Defense purchases on or after such date meets the applicable trusted supply chain and operational security standards established pursuant to subsection (b), except in a case in which the Department seeks to purchase a microelectronics product or service but—

(1) no such product or service is available for purchase that meets such standards; or

(2) no such product or service is available for purchase that—

(A) meets such standards; and

(B) is available at a price that the Secretary does not consider prohibitively expensive.

(b) Trusted supply chain and operational security standards.—

(1) STANDARDS REQUIRED.— (A) Not later than January 1, 2021, the Secretary shall establish trusted supply chain and operational security standards for the purchase of microelectronics products and services by the Department.

(B) For purposes of this section, a trusted supply chain and operational security standard—

(i) is a standard that systematizes best practices relevant to—

(I) manufacturing location;

(II) company ownership;

(III) workforce composition;

(IV) access during manufacturing, suppliers’ design, sourcing, manufacturing, packaging, and distribution processes;

(V) reliability of the supply chain; and

(VI) other matters germane to supply chain and operational security; and

(ii) is not a military standard (also known as “MIL-STD”) or a military specification (also known as “MIL-SPEC”) for microelectronics that—

(I) specifies individual features for Department of Defense microelectronics; or

(II) otherwise inhibits the acquisition by the Department of securely manufactured, commercially-available products.

(2) CONSULTATION REQUIRED.—In developing standards under paragraph (1), the Secretary shall consult with the following:

(A) The Secretary of Homeland Security, the Secretary of State, the Secretary of Commerce, and the Director of the National Institute of Standards and Technology.

(B) Suppliers of microelectronics products and services from the United States and allies and partners of the United States.

(C) Representatives of major United States industry sectors that rely on a trusted supply chain and the operational security of microelectronics products and services.

(D) Representatives of the United States insurance industry.

(3) TIERS OF TRUST AND LEVELS OF SECURITY AUTHORIZED.—In carrying out paragraph (1), the Secretary may establish tiers and levels of trust and security within the supply chain and operational security standards for microelectronics products and services.

(4) GENERAL APPLICABILITY.—The standards established pursuant to paragraph (1) shall be, to the greatest extent practicable, generally applicable to the trusted supply chain and operational security needs and use cases of the United States Government and commercial industry, such that the standards could be widely adopted by government agencies, commercial industry, and allies and partners of the United States as the basis for procuring microelectronics products and services.

(5) ANNUAL REVIEW.—Not later than October 1 of each year, the Secretary shall, in consultation with persons and entities set forth under paragraph (2), review the standards established pursuant to paragraph (1) and issue updates or modifications as the Secretary considers necessary or appropriate.

(c) Ensuring ability to sell commercially.—

(1) IN GENERAL.—The Secretary shall, to the greatest extent practicable, ensure that suppliers of microelectronics products and services for the Department of Defense subject to subsection (a) are able and incentivized to sell products commercially and to governments of allies and partners of the United States that are produced on the same production lines as the microelectronics products supplied to the Department of Defense.

(2) EFFECT OF REQUIREMENTS AND ACQUISITIONS.—The Secretary shall, to the greatest extent practicable, ensure that the requirements of the Department and the acquisition by the Department of microelectronics enable the success of a dual-use microelectronics industry.

(d) Maintaining competition and innovation.—The Secretary shall take such actions as the Secretary considers necessary and appropriate, within the Secretary’s authorized activities to maintain the health of the defense industrial base, to ensure that—

(1) providers of microelectronics products and services that meet the standards established under subsection (b) are exposed to competitive market pressures to achieve competitive pricing and sustained innovation; and

(2) the industrial base of microelectronics products and services that meet the standards established under subsection (b) includes providers manufacturing in the United States or in countries that are allies or partners of the United States.

SEC. 225. Development and acquisition strategy to procure secure, low probability of detection data link network capability.

(a) Strategy required.—Not later than March 1, 2020, the Chief of Staff of the Air Force, the Chief of Naval Operations, and the Chief of Staff of the Army shall jointly submit to the congressional defense committees a joint development and acquisition strategy to procure a secure, low probability of detection data link network capability, with the ability to effectively operate in hostile jamming environments while preserving the low observability characteristics of the relevant platforms, including both existing and planned platforms.

(b) Network characteristics.—The data link network capability to be procured pursuant to the development and acquisition strategy submitted under subsection (a) shall—

(1) ensure that any network made with such capability will be low risk and affordable, with minimal impact or change to existing host platforms and minimal overall integration costs;

(2) use a non-proprietary and open systems approach compatible with the Rapid Capabilities Office Open Mission Systems initiative of the Air Force, the Future Airborne Capability Environment initiative of the Navy, and the Modular Open Systems Architecture initiative of the Army; and

(3) provide for an architecture to connect, with operationally relevant throughput and latency—

(A) fifth-generation combat aircraft;

(B) fifth-generation and fourth-generation combat aircraft;

(C) fifth-generation and fourth-generation combat aircraft and appropriate support aircraft and other network nodes for command, control, communications, intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance purposes; and

(D) fifth-generation and fourth-generation combat aircraft and their associated network-enabled precision weapons.

(c) Limitation.—Of the funds authorized to be appropriated by this Act for fiscal year 2020 for operation and maintenance for the Office of the Secretary of the Air Force, for operation and maintenance for the Office of the Secretary of the Navy, and for operations and maintenance for the Office of the Secretary of the Army, not more than 50 percent may be obligated or expended until the date that is 15 days after the date on which the Chief of Staff of the Air Force, the Chief of Naval Operations, and the Chief of Staff of the Army, respectively, submit the development and acquisition strategy required by subsection (a).

SEC. 226. Establishment of secure next-generation wireless network (5G) infrastructure for the Nevada Test and Training Range and base infrastructure.

(a) Establishment required.—Not later than one year after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall establish secure fifth-generation wireless network components and capabilities at no fewer than two Department of Defense installations in accordance with this section.

(b) Installations.—

(1) LOCATIONS.—The Secretary shall establish components and capabilities under subsection (a) at the following:

(A) The Nevada Test and Training Range, which shall serve as a Major Range and Test Facility Base (MRTFB) for fifth-generation wireless networking.

(B) Such Department installations or other installations as the Secretary considers appropriate for the purpose set forth in paragraph (2).

(2) PURPOSE.—The purpose of the establishment of components and capabilities under subsection (a) at the locations described in paragraph (1) of this subsection is to demonstrate the following:

(A) The potential military utility of high bandwidth, scalable, and low latency fifth-generation wireless networking technology.

(B) Advanced security technology that is applicable to fifth-generation networks as well as legacy Department command and control networks.

(C) Secure interoperability with fixed and wireless systems (legacy and future systems).

(D) Enhancements such as spectrum and waveform diversity, frequency hopping and spreading, and beam forming for military requirements.

(E) Technology for dynamic network slicing for specific use cases and applications requiring varying levels of latency, scale, and throughput.

(F) Technology for dynamic spectrum sharing and network isolation.

(G) Base infrastructure installation of high bandwidth, scalable, and low latency fifth-generation wireless networking technology.

(H) Applications for secure fifth-generation wireless network capabilities for the Department, such as the following:

(i) Interactive augmented reality or synthetic training environments.

(ii) Internet of things devices.

(iii) Autonomous systems.

(iv) Advanced manufacturing through the following:

(I) Department-sponsored centers for manufacturing innovation (as defined in section 34(c) of the National Institute of Standards and Technology Act (15 U.S.C. 278s(c))).

(II) Department research and development organizations.

(III) Manufacturers in the defense industrial base of the United States.

SEC. 227. Administration of manufacturing innovation institutes funded by the Department of Defense.

(a) In general.—The Secretary of Defense shall make such changes to the administration of covered institutes so as—

(1) to encourage covered institutes to leverage existing workforce development programs across the Federal Government and State governments in order to build successful workforce development programs;

(2) to develop metrics to evaluate the workforce development performed by the covered institutes, including metrics on job quality, career pathways, wages and benefits, and efforts to support veterans, and progress in aligning workforce skillsets with the current and long-term needs of the Department of Defense and the defense industrial base;

(3) to allow metrics to vary between covered institutes and be updated and evaluated continuously in order to more accurately evaluate covered institutes with different goals and missions;

(4) to encourage covered institutes to consider developing technologies that were previously funded by Federal Government investment for early-stage research and development and expand cross-government coordination and collaboration to achieve this goal;

(5) to provide an opportunity for increased Department of Defense input and oversight from senior-level military and civilian personnel on future technology roadmaps produced by covered institutes;

(6) to reduce the barriers to collaboration between and among multiple covered institutes;

(7) to use contracting vehicles that can increase flexibility, reduce barriers for contracting with subject-matter experts and small and medium enterprises, enhance partnerships between covered institutes, and reduce the time to award contracts at covered institutes; and

(8) to overcome barriers to the adoption of manufacturing processes and technologies developed by the covered institutes by the defense and commercial industrial base, particularly small and medium enterprises, by engaging with public and private sector partnerships and appropriate government programs and activities, including the Hollings Manufacturing Extension Partnership.

(b) Coordination with other activities.—The Secretary shall carry out this section in coordination with activities undertaken under—

(1) the Manufacturing Technology Program established under section 2521 of title 10, United States Code;

(2) the Manufacturing Engineering Education Program established under section 2196 of such title;

(3) the Defense Manufacturing Community Support Program established under section 846 of the John S. McCain National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2019 (Public Law 115–232);

(4) manufacturing initiatives of the Secretary of Commerce, the head of the National Office of the Manufacturing USA Network, the Secretary of Energy, and such other government and private sector organizations as the Secretary of Defense considers appropriate; and

(5) such other activities as the Secretary considers appropriate.

(c) Definition of covered institute.—In this section, the term “covered institute” means a manufacturing innovation institute that is funded by the Department of Defense.

SEC. 228. Research program on foreign malign influence operations.

(a) Program authorized.—The Secretary of Defense, acting through the Under Secretary of Defense for Research and Engineering, may carry out a research program on foreign malign influence operations as part of the university research programs of the Department of Defense.

(b) Program objectives.—The objectives of a research program carried out under subsection (a) should include the following:

(1) Enhance the understanding of foreign malign influence operations, including activities conducted on social media platforms.

(2) Facilitate the analysis of publicly available or voluntarily provided indicators of foreign malign influence operations.

(3) Promote collaborative research and information exchange with relevant entities within the Department of Defense and with other agencies or nongovernmental organizations relating to foreign malign influence operations, as appropriate.

(c) Notice to Congress.—Not later than 30 days before initiating a research program under subsection (a), the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the congressional defense committees notice of the intent of the Secretary to initiate such a program, which shall include—

(1) a detailed description of the program and any related research activities;

(2) the estimated cost and duration of the program; and

(3) any other matters the Secretary determines to be relevant.

SEC. 229. Diversification of the research and engineering workforce of the Department of Defense.

(a) Assessment required.—

(1) IN GENERAL.—The Secretary of Defense, acting through the Under Secretary of Defense for Research and Engineering and in consultation with the Under Secretary of Defense for Personnel and Readiness, shall conduct an assessment of critical skillsets required across, and the diversity of, the research and engineering workforce of the Department of Defense, including the science and technology reinvention laboratories, to support emerging and future warfighter technologies.

(2) ELEMENTS.—The assessment required by paragraph (1) shall include analysis of the following:

(A) The percentage of women and minorities employed in the research and engineering workforce of the Department of Defense as of the date of the assessment.

(B) Of the individuals hired into the research and engineering workforce of the Department in the five years preceding the date of the assessment, the percentage of such individuals who are women and minorities.

(C) The effectiveness of existing hiring, recruitment, and retention incentives for women and minorities in the research and engineering workforce of the Department.

(D) The effectiveness of the Department in recruiting women and minorities into the laboratory workforce after such individuals complete work on Department-funded research, projects, grant projects, fellowships, and STEM programs.

(E) The geographical diversity of the workforce across various geographic regions.

(b) Plan required.—

(1) IN GENERAL.—Based on the results of the assessment conducted under subsection (a), the Secretary of Defense, acting through the Under Secretary of Defense for Research and Engineering and in consultation with the Secretaries of the military departments, shall develop and implement a plan to diversify and strengthen the research and engineering workforce of the Department of Defense.

(2) ELEMENTS.—The plan required by paragraph (1) shall—

(A) align with science and technology strategy priorities of the Department of Defense, including the emerging and future warfighter technology requirements identified by the Department;

(B) except as provided in subsection (c)(2), set forth steps for the implementation of each recommendation included in the 2013 report of the RAND corporation titled “First Steps Toward Improving DoD STEM Workforce Diversity”;

(C) harness the full range of the Department’s STEM programs and other Department sponsored programs to develop and attract top talent;

(D) use existing authorities to attract and retain students, academics, and other talent;

(E) establish and use contracts, agreements, or other arrangements with institutions of higher education (as defined in section 101 of the Higher Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 1001)), including historically black colleges and universities and other minority-serving institutions (as described in section 371(a) of such Act (20 U.S.C. 1067q(a)) to enable easy and efficient access to research and researchers for Government sponsored basic and applied research and studies at each institution, including contracts, agreements, and other authorized arrangements such as those authorized under—

(i) section 217 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2018 (Public Law 115–91; 10 U.S.C. 2358 note); and

(ii) such other authorities as the Secretary determines to be appropriate; and

(F) include recommendations for changes in authorities, regulations, policies, or any other relevant areas that would support the achievement of the goals set forth in the plan.

(3) SUBMITTAL TO CONGRESS.—Not later than one year after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the congressional defense committees a report that includes—

(A) the plan developed under paragraph (1); and

(B) with respect to each recommendation described in paragraph (2)(B) that the Secretary has implemented or expects to implement—

(i) a summary of actions that have been taken to implement the recommendation; and

(ii) a schedule, with specific milestones, for completing the implementation of the recommendation.

(c) Deadline for implementation.—

(1) IN GENERAL.—Except as provided in paragraph (2), not later than 18 months after the date of the enactment of this Act the Secretary of Defense shall carry out activities to implement the plan developed under subsection (b).

(2) EXCEPTION FOR IMPLEMENTATION OF CERTAIN RECOMMENDATIONS.—

(A) DELAYED IMPLEMENTATION.—The Secretary of Defense may commence implementation of a recommendation described in subsection (b)(2)(B) after the date specified in paragraph (1) if the Secretary provides the congressional defense committees with a specific justification for the delay in implementation of such recommendation on or before such date.

(B) NONIMPLEMENTATION.—The Secretary of Defense may opt not to implement a recommendation described in subsection (b)(2)(B) if the Secretary provides to the congressional defense committees, on or before the date specified in paragraph (1)—

(i) a specific justification for the decision not to implement the recommendation; and

(ii) a summary of the alternative actions the Secretary plans to take to address the issues underlying the recommendation.

(d) STEM defined.—In this section, the term “STEM” means science, technology, engineering, and mathematics.

SEC. 230. Policy on the talent management of digital expertise and software professionals.

(a) Policy.—

(1) IN GENERAL.—It shall be a policy of the Department of Defense to promote and maintain digital expertise and software development as core competencies of civilian and military workforces of the Department, and as a capability to support the National Defense Strategy, which policy shall be achieved by—

(A) the recruitment, development, and incentivization of retention in and to the civilian and military workforce of the Department of individuals with aptitude, experience, proficient expertise, or a combination thereof in digital expertise and software development;

(B) at the discretion of the Secretaries of the military departments, the development and maintenance of civilian and military career tracks related to digital expertise, and related digital competencies for members of the Armed Forces, including the development and maintenance of training, education, talent management, incentives, and promotion policies in support of members at all levels of such career tracks; and

(C) the development and application of appropriate readiness standards and metrics to measure and report on the overall capability, capacity, utilization, and readiness of digital engineering professionals to develop and deliver operational capabilities and employ modern business practices.

(2) DIGITAL ENGINEERING DEFINED.—For purposes of this section, the term “digital engineering” means the discipline and set of skills involved in the creation, processing, transmission, integration, and storage of digital data, including data science, machine learning, software engineering, software product management, and artificial intelligence product management.

(b) Implementation plan.—Not later than May 1, 2020, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of Representatives a plan that describes how the Department of Defense will execute the policy described in subsection (a).

(c) Responsibility.—

(1) APPOINTMENT OF OFFICER.—Not later than 270 days after the date of enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense may appoint a civilian official responsible for the development and implementation of the policy and implementation plan set forth in subsections (a) and (b), respectively. The official shall be known as the “Chief Digital Engineering Recruitment and Management Officer of the Department of Defense”.

(2) EXPIRATION OF APPOINTMENT.—The appointment of the Officer under paragraph (1) shall expire on September 30, 2024.

SEC. 231. Digital engineering capability to automate testing and evaluation.

(a) Digital engineering capability.—

(1) IN GENERAL.—The Secretary of Defense shall establish a digital engineering capability to be used—

(A) for the development and deployment of digital engineering models for use in the defense acquisition process; and

(B) to provide testing infrastructure and software to support automated approaches for testing, evaluation, and deployment throughout the defense acquisition process.

(2) REQUIREMENTS.—The capability developed under subsection (a) shall meet the following requirements:

(A) The capability will be accessible to, and useable by, individuals throughout the Department of Defense who have responsibilities relating to capability design, development, testing, evaluation, and operation.

(B) The capability will provide for the development, validation, use, curation, and maintenance of technically accurate digital systems, models of systems, subsystems, and their components, at the appropriate level of fidelity to ensure that test activities adequately simulate the environment in which a system will be deployed.

(C) The capability will include software to automate testing throughout the program life cycle, including to satisfy developmental test requirements and operational test requirements. Such software may be developed in accordance with the authorities provided under section 800, and shall support—

(i) security testing that includes vulnerability scanning and penetration testing performed by individuals, including threat-based red team exploitations and assessments with zero-trust assumptions; and

(ii) high-confidence distribution of software to the field on a time-bound, repeatable, frequent, and iterative basis.

(b) Demonstration activities.—

(1) IN GENERAL.—In developing the capability required under subsection (a), the Secretary of Defense shall carry out activities to demonstrate digital engineering approaches to automated testing that—

(A) enable continuous software development and delivery;

(B) satisfy developmental test requirements for the software-intensive programs of the Department of Defense; and

(C) satisfy operational test and evaluation requirements for such programs.

(2) PROGRAM SELECTION.—Not later than 180 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall assess and select not fewer than four and not more than ten programs of the Department of Defense to participate in the demonstration activities under paragraph (1), including—

(A) at least one program participating in the pilot program authorized under section 873 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2018 (Public Law 115–91; 10 U.S.C. 2223a note);

(B) at least one program participating in the pilot program authorized under section 874 of such Act (Public Law 115–91; 10 U.S.C. 2302 note);

(C) at least one major defense acquisition program (as defined in section 2430 of title 10, United States Code);

(D) at least one command and control program;

(E) at least one defense business system (as defined in section 2222(i) of title 10, United States Code); and

(F) at least one program from each military service.

(3) ADDITIONAL REQUIREMENTS.—As part of the demonstration activities under paragraph (1), the Secretary shall—

(A) conduct a comparative analysis that assesses the risks and benefits of the digital engineering supported automated testing approaches of the programs participating in the demonstration activities relative to traditional testing approaches that are not supported by digital engineering;

(B) ensure that the intellectual property strategy for each of the programs participating in the demonstration activities is best aligned to meet the goals of the program; and

(C) develop a workforce and infrastructure plan to support any new policies and guidance implemented in connection with the demonstration activities, including any policies and guidance implemented after the completion of such activities.

(c) Policies and guidance required.—Not later than one year after the date of the enactment of this Act, based on the results of the demonstration activities carried out under subsection (b), the Secretary of Defense shall issue or modify policies and guidance to—

(1) promote the use of digital engineering capabilities for development and for automated testing; and

(2) address roles, responsibilities, and procedures relating to such capabilities.

(d) Steering committee.—

(1) IN GENERAL.—The Secretary of Defense shall establish a steering committee to assist the Secretary in carrying out subsections (a) through (c).

(2) MEMBERSHIP.—The steering committee shall be composed of the following members or their designees:

(A) The Under Secretary of Defense for Research and Engineering.

(B) The Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment.

(C) The Chief Information Officer.

(D) The Director of Operational Test and Evaluation.

(E) The Director of Cost Assessment and Program Evaluation.

(F) The Service Acquisition Executives.

(G) The Service testing commands.

(H) The Director of the Defense Digital Service.

(e) Reports required.—

(1) IMPLEMENTATION.—Not later than March 15, 2020, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the congressional defense committees a report on the progress of the Secretary in implementing subsections (a) through (c). The report shall include an explanation of how the results of the demonstration activities carried out under subsection (b) will be incorporated into the policy and guidance required under subsection (c), particularly the policy and guidance of the members of the steering committee established under subsection (d).

(2) LEGISLATIVE RECOMMENDATIONS.—Not later than October 15, 2020, the Secretary of Defense shall provide to the congressional defense committees a briefing that identifies any changes to existing law that may be necessary to facilitate the implementation of subsections (a) through (c).

(f) Independent assessment.—

(1) IN GENERAL.—Not later than March 15, 2021, the Defense Innovation Board and the Defense Science Board shall jointly complete an independent assessment of the progress of the Secretary in implementing subsections (a) through (c). The Secretary of Defense shall ensure that the Defense Innovation Board and the Defense Science Board have access to the resources, data, and information necessary to complete the assessment.

(2) INFORMATION TO CONGRESS.—Not later than 30 days after the date on which the assessment under paragraph (1) is completed, the Defense Innovation Board and the Defense Science Board shall jointly provide to the congressional defense committees—

(A) a report summarizing the assessment; and

(B) a briefing on the findings of the assessment.

SEC. 232. Process to align policy formulation and emerging technology development.

(a) Alignment of policy and technological development.—Not later than 180 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall establish a process to ensure that the policies of the Department of Defense relating to emerging technology are formulated and updated continuously as such technology is developed by the Department.

(b) Elements.—As part of the process established under subsection (a), the Secretary shall—

(1) specify the role of each covered official in ensuring that the formulation of policies relating to emerging technology is carried out concurrently with the development of such technology; and

(2) incorporate procedures for the continuous legal review of—

(A) weapons and other defense systems that incorporate or use emerging technology; and

(B) treaties that may be affected by such technology.

(c) Briefing required.—Not later than 30 days after the date on which the Secretary of Defense establishes the process required under subsection (a), the Secretary shall provide to the congressional defense committees a briefing on such process.

(d) Definitions.—In this section:

(1) The term “covered official” means the following:

(A) The Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff.

(B) The Under Secretary of Defense for Research and Engineering.

(C) The Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment.

(D) The Under Secretary of Defense for Policy.

(E) The commanders of combatant commands with responsibilities involving the use of weapons or other defense systems that incorporate or use emerging technology, as determined by the Secretary of Defense.

(F) The Secretaries of the military departments.

(2) The term “emerging technology” means technology determined to be in an emerging phase of development by the Secretary of Defense, including quantum computing, technology for the analysis of large and diverse sets of data (commonly known as “big data analytics”), artificial intelligence, autonomous technology, robotics, directed energy, hypersonics, biotechnology, and such other technology as may be identified by the Secretary.

SEC. 233. Improvement of the Strategic Capabilities Office of the Department of Defense.

(a) Organization.—

(1) AUTHORITY OF DEPUTY SECRETARY OF DEFENSE.—The Deputy Secretary of Defense shall exercise authority and direction over the Strategic Capabilities Office of the Department of Defense (referred to in this section as the “Office”).

(2) AUTHORITY OF DIRECTOR.—The Director of the Office shall report directly to the Deputy Secretary of Defense.

(3) DELEGATION.—In exercising authority and direction over the Office under subsection (a), the Deputy Secretary of Defense may delegate administrative, management, and other duties to the Director of the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency, as needed, to effectively and efficiently execute the mission of the Office.

(b) Cross-functional teams.—

(1) ESTABLISHMENT.—Not later than 180 days after the date of enactment of this Act, the Deputy Secretary of Defense shall establish the following cross-functional teams to improve the effectiveness of the Office:

(A) A transition cross-functional team to improve the efficiency and effectiveness with which the programs of the Office may be transitioned into—

(i) research and development programs of the military services and other agencies of the Department of Defense; and

(ii) programs of such services and agencies in operational use.

(B) A technical cross functional team to improve the continuous technical assessment and review of the programs of the Office during program selection and execution.

(2) MEMBERSHIP.—The Deputy Secretary of Defense shall select individuals to serve on the cross-functional teams described in paragraph (1) from among individuals in the defense research and engineering enterprise, acquisition community, Joint Staff, combatant commands, and other organizations, as determined to be appropriate by the Deputy Secretary.

SEC. 234. Pilot program on enhanced civics education.

(a) In general.—The Secretary of Defense, in consultation with the Secretary of Education, shall carry out a pilot program under which the Secretary provides enhanced educational support and funding to eligible entities to improve civics education programs taught by such entities.

(b) Purpose.—The purpose of the pilot program is to provide enhanced civics education on the following topics:

(1) Critical thinking and media literacy.

(2) Voting and other forms of political and civic engagement.

(3) Interest in employment, and careers, in public service.

(4) Understanding of United States law, history, and Government.

(5) The ability of participants to collaborate and compromise with others to solve problems.

(c) Considerations.—In carrying out the pilot program, the Secretary of Defense shall consider innovative approaches for improving civics education.

(d) Metrics and evaluations.—The Secretary of Defense shall establish metrics and undertake evaluations to determine the effectiveness of the pilot program, including each of the activities carried out under subsection (e).

(e) Types of support authorized.—Under the pilot program the Secretary of Defense—

(1) shall provide support to eligible entities to address, at a minimum—

(A) the development or modification of curricula relating to civics education;

(B) classroom activities, thesis projects, individual or team projects, internships, or community service activities relating to civics;

(C) collaboration with government entities, nonprofit organizations, or consortia of such entities and organizations to provide participants with civics-related experiences;

(D) civics-related faculty development programs;

(E) recruitment of educators who are highly qualified in civics education to teach civics or to assist with the development of curricula for civics education;

(F) presentation of seminars, workshops, and training for the development of skills associated with civic engagement;

(G) activities that enable participants to interact with government officials and entities;

(H) expansion of civics education programs and outreach for members of the Armed Forces, dependents and children of such members, and employees of the Department of Defense; and

(I) opportunities for participants to obtain work experience in fields relating to civics; and

(2) may provide any other form of support the Secretary determines to be appropriate to enhance the civics education taught by eligible entities.

(f) Report.—Not later than 180 days after the conclusion of the first full academic year during which the pilot program is carried out, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the congressional defense committees a report that includes—

(1) a description of the pilot program, including the a description of the specific activities carried out under subsection (e); and

(2) the metrics and evaluations used to assess the effectiveness of the program as required under subsection (d).

(g) Definitions.—In this section:

(1) The term “civics education program” means an educational program that provides participants with—

(A) knowledge of law, government, and the rights of citizens; and

(B) skills that enable participants to responsibly participate in democracy.

(2) The term “eligible entity” means any of following:

(A) A local education agency that hosts a unit of the Junior Reserve Officers’ Training Corps.

(B) A school operated by the Department of Defense Education Activity.

SEC. 235. Technology and national security fellowship.

(a) Fellowship program.—

(1) IN GENERAL.—The Secretary of Defense, acting through the Under Secretary of Defense for Research and Engineering, may establish a civilian fellowship program designed to place eligible individuals within the Department of Defense and Congress to increase the number of national security professionals with science, technology, engineering, and mathematics credentials employed by the Department.

(2) DESIGNATION.—The fellowship program established under paragraph (1) shall be known as the “Technology and National Security Fellowship” (in this section referred to as the “fellows program”).

(3) ASSIGNMENTS.—Each individual selected for participation in the fellows program shall be assigned to a one year position within—

(A) the Department of Defense; or

(B) a congressional office with emphasis on defense and national security matters.

(4) PAY AND BENEFITS.—To the extent practicable, each individual assigned to a position under paragraph (3)—

(A) shall be compensated at a rate of basic pay that is equivalent to the rate of basic pay payable for a position at level 10 of the General Schedule; and

(B) shall be treated as an employee of the United States during the assignment.

(b) Eligible individuals.—

(1) ELIGIBILITY FOR DOD ASSIGNMENT.—Subject to subsection (e), an individual eligible for an assignment in the Department of Defense under subsection (a)(3)(A) is an individual who—

(A) is a citizen of the United States; and

(B) either—

(i) expects to be awarded a bachelor's degree, associate's degree, or graduate degree that, as determined by the Secretary, focuses on science, technology, engineering, or mathematics course work not later than 180 days after the date on which the individual submits an application for participation in the fellows program;

(ii) possesses a bachelor's degree, associate's degree, or graduate degree that, as determined by the Secretary, focuses on science, technology, engineering, or mathematics course work; or

(iii) is an employee of the Department of Defense and possesses a bachelor's degree, associate's degree, or graduate degree that, as determined by the Secretary, focuses on science, technology, engineering, or mathematics course work.

(2) ELIGIBILITY FOR CONGRESSIONAL ASSIGNMENT.—Subject to subsection (e), an individual eligible for an assignment in a congressional office under subsection (a)(3)(B) is an individual who—

(A) meets the requirements specified in paragraph (1); and

(B) has not less than 3 years of relevant work experience in the field of science, technology, engineering, or mathematics.

(c) Application.—Each individual seeking to participate in the fellows program shall submit to the Secretary an application therefor at such time and in such manner as the Secretary shall specify.

(d) Coordination.—In carrying out this section, the Secretary may consider working through the following entities:

(1) The National Security Innovation Network.

(2) Universities.

(3) Science and technology reinvention laboratories and test and evaluation centers of the Department of Defense.

(4) Other organizations of the Department of Defense or public and private sector organizations, as determined appropriate by the Secretary.

(e) Modifications to fellows program.—The Secretary may modify the terms and procedures of the fellows program in order to better achieve the goals of the program and to support workforce needs of the Department of Defense.

(f) Consultation.—The Secretary may consult with the heads of the agencies, components, and other elements of the Department of Defense, Members and committees of Congress, and such institutions of higher education and private entities engaged in work on national security and emerging technologies as the Secretary considers appropriate for purposes of the fellows program, including with respect to assignments in the fellows program.

SEC. 236. Documentation relating to the Advanced Battle Management System.

(a) Documentation required.—Not later than the date specified in subsection (b), the Secretary of the Air Force shall submit to the congressional defense committees the following documentation relating to the Advanced Battle Management System:

(1) A list that identifies each program, project, and activity that contributes to the architecture of the Advanced Battle Management System.

(2) The final analysis of alternatives for the Advanced Battle Management System.

(3) The requirements for the networked data architecture necessary for the Advanced Battle Management System to provide multidomain command and control and battle management capabilities and a development schedule for such architecture.

(b) Date specified.—The date specified in this subsection is the earlier of—

(1) the date that is 180 days after the date on which the final analysis of alternatives for the Advanced Battle Management System is completed; or

(2) June 1, 2020.

(c) Advanced Battle Management System defined.—In this section, the term “Advanced Battle Management System” means the Advanced Battle Management System of Systems capability of the Air Force, including each program, project, and activity that contributes to such capability.

SEC. 237. Sensor data integration for fifth generation aircraft.

(a) F–35 sensor data.—The Secretary of Defense shall ensure that—

(1) information collected by the passive and active on-board sensors of the F–35 Joint Strike Fighter aircraft is capable of being shared, in real time, with joint service users in cases in which the Joint Force Commander determines that sharing such information would be operationally advantageous; and

(2) the Secretary has developed achievable, effective, and suitable concepts and supporting technical architectures to collect, store, manage, and disseminate information collected by such sensors.

(b) GAO study and report.—

(1) STUDY.—The Comptroller General of the United States shall conduct a study of the sensor data collection and dissemination capability of fifth generation aircraft of the Department of Defense.

(2) ELEMENTS.—The study required by paragraph (1) shall include an assessment of the following—

(A) the extent to which the Department has established doctrinal, organizational, or technological methods of managing the large amount of sensor data that is currently collected and which may be collected by existing and planned advanced fifth generation aircraft;

(B) the status of the existing sensor data collection, storage, dissemination, and management capability and capacity of fifth generation aircraft, including the F–35, the F–22, and the B–21; and

(C) the ability of the F–35 aircraft and other fifth generation aircraft to share information collected by the aircraft in real-time with other joint service users as described in subsection (a)(1).

(3) STUDY RESULTS.—

(A) INTERIM BRIEFING.—Not later than 180 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Comptroller General shall provide to the congressional defense committees a briefing on the preliminary findings of the study conducted under this subsection.

(B) FINAL RESULTS.—The Comptroller General shall provide the final results of the study conducted under this subsection to the congressional defense committees at such time and in such format as is mutually agreed upon by the committees and the Comptroller General at the time of the briefing under subparagraph (A).

SEC. 238. Sense of Congress on future vertical lift technologies.

It is the sense of Congress that the Army should continue to invest in research, development, test, and evaluation programs to mature future vertical lift technologies, including programs to improve pilot situational awareness, increase flight operations safety, and reduce operation and maintenance costs.

SEC. 239. Use of funds for Strategic Environmental Research Program, Environmental Security Technical Certification Program, and Operational Energy Capability Improvement.

Of the funds authorized to be appropriated for fiscal year 2020 for the use of the Department of Defense for research, development, test, and evaluation, as specified in the funding table in section 4201 for the Strategic Environmental Research Program, Operational Energy Capability Improvement, and the Environmental Security Technical Certification Program, the Secretary of Defense shall, acting through the Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment, expend amounts as follows:

(1) Not less than $10,000,000 on the development and demonstration of long duration on-site energy battery storage for distributed energy assets.

(2) Not less than $10,000,000 on the development, demonstration, and validation of non-fluorine based firefighting foams.

(3) Not less than $10,000,000 on the development, demonstration, and validation of secure microgrids for both installations and forward operating bases.

(4) Not less than $1,000,000 on the development, demonstration, and validation of technologies that can harvest potable water from air.

SEC. 240. Limitation and report on Indirect Fire Protection Capability Increment 2 capability.

(a) Limitation and report on Indirect Fire Protection Capability Increment 2.—Not more than 50 percent of the funds authorized to be appropriated by this Act or otherwise made available for fiscal year 2020 for the Army may be obligated or expended for research, development, test, and evaluation for the Indirect Fire Protection Capability Increment 2 capability until the Secretary of the Army submits to the congressional defense committees a report on the Indirect Fire Protection Capability Increment 2 program that contains the following:

(1) An assessment of whether the requirements previously established for the enduring program meet the anticipated threat at the time of planned initial operating capability and fully operating capability.

(2) A list of candidate systems considered to meet the Indirect Fire Protection Capability Increment 2 enduring requirement, including those fielded or in development by the Army and other elements of the Department of Defense.

(3) An assessment of each candidate system’s capability against representative threats.

(4) An assessment of other relevant specifications of each candidate system, including cost of development, cost per round if applicable, technological maturity, and logistics and sustainment.

(5) A plan for how the Army will integrate the chosen system or systems into the Integrated Air and Missile Defense Battle Command System.

(6) An assessment of the results of the performance, test, evaluation, integration, and interoperability of batteries one and two of the interim solution.

(b) Notification required.—Not later than 10 days after the date on which the President submits the annual budget request of the President for fiscal year 2021 pursuant to section 1105 of title 31, United States Code, the Secretary of the Defense shall, without delegation, submit to the congressional defense committees a notification identifying the military services or agencies that will be responsible for the conduct of air and missile defense in support of joint campaigns as it applies to defense against current and emerging missile threats. The notification shall identify the applicable programs of record to address such threats, including each class of cruise missile threat.

SEC. 251. Master plan for implementation of authorities relating to science and technology reinvention laboratories.

(a) Plan required.—The Secretary of Defense, jointly with the Secretaries of the military departments and in consultation with the Under Secretary of Defense for Research and Engineering, shall develop a master plan for using existing authorities to strengthen and modernize the workforce and capabilities of the science and technology reinvention laboratories of the Department of Defense (referred to in this section as the “laboratories”) to enhance the ability of the laboratories to execute missions in the most efficient and effective manner.

(b) Elements.—The master plan required under subsection (a) shall include, with respect to the laboratories, the following:

(1) A summary of hiring and staffing deficiencies at laboratories, by location, and the effect of such deficiencies on the ability of the laboratories—

(A) to meet existing and future requirements of the Department of Defense; and

(B) to recruit and retain qualified personnel.

(2) A summary of existing and emerging military research, development, test, and evaluation mission areas requiring the use of the laboratories.

(3) An explanation of the laboratory staffing capabilities required for each mission area identified under paragraph (2).

(4) Identification of specific projects, including hiring efforts and management reforms, that will be carried out—

(A) to address the deficiencies identified in paragraph (1); and

(B) to support the existing and emerging mission areas identified in paragraph (2).

(5) For each project identified under paragraph (4)—

(A) a summary of the plan for the project;

(B) a description of the resources that will be applied to the project; and

(C) a schedule of required investments that will be made as part of the project.

(6) A description of how the Department, including each military department concerned, will carry out the projects identified in paragraph (4) using existing authorities.

(7) Identification of any statutory, regulatory, or management-related barriers to implementing the master plan and a description of policy and legislative options that may be applied to address such barriers.

(c) Consultation.—In developing the master plan required under subsection (a), the Secretary of Defense, the Secretaries of the military departments, and the Under Secretary of Defense for Research and Engineering shall consult with—

(1) the Service Acquisition Executives with responsibilities relevant to the laboratories;

(2) the commander of each military command with responsibilities relating to research and engineering that is affected by the master plan; and

(3) any other officials determined to be relevant by the Secretary of Defense, the Secretaries of the military departments, and the Under Secretary of Defense for Research and Engineering.

(d) Final report.—Not later than October 30, 2020, the Secretary of Defense, jointly with the Secretaries of the military departments and in consultation with the Under Secretary of Defense for Research and Engineering, shall submit to the congressional defense committees—

(1) the master plan developed under subsection (a);

(2) a report on the activities carried out under this section; and

(3) a report that identifies any barriers that prevent the full use and implementation of existing authorities, including any barriers presented by the policies, authorities, and activities of—

(A) organizations and elements of the Department of Defense; and

(B) organizations outside the Department.

SEC. 252. Infrastructure to support research, development, test, and evaluation missions.

(a) Master plan required.—The Secretary of Defense, acting through the Under Secretary of Defense for Research and Engineering and in coordination with the Secretaries of the military departments, shall develop and implement a master plan that addresses the research, development, test, and evaluation infrastructure and modernization requirements of the Department of Defense, including the science and technology reinvention laboratories and the facilities of the Major Range and Test Facility Base.

(b) Elements.—The master plan required under subsection (a) shall include, with respect to the research, development, test, and evaluation infrastructure of the Department of Defense, the following:

(1) A summary of deficiencies in the infrastructure, by location, and the effect of the deficiencies on the ability of the Department—

(A) to meet current and future military requirements identified in the National Defense Strategy;

(B) to support science and technology development and acquisition programs; and

(C) to recruit and train qualified personnel.

(2) A summary of existing and emerging military research, development, test, and evaluation mission areas, by location, that require modernization investments in the infrastructure—

(A) to improve operations in a manner that may benefit all users;

(B) to enhance the overall capabilities of the research, development, test, and evaluation infrastructure, including facilities and resources;

(C) to improve safety for personnel and facilities; and

(D) to reduce the long-term cost of operation and maintenance.

(3) Identification of specific infrastructure projects that are required to address the infrastructure deficiencies identified under paragraph (1) or to support the existing and emerging mission areas identified under paragraph (2).

(4) For each project identified under paragraph (3)—

(A) a description of the scope of work;

(B) a cost estimate;

(C) a summary of the plan for the project;

(D) an explanation of the level of priority that will be given to the project; and

(E) a schedule of required infrastructure investments.

(5) A description of how the Department, including each military department concerned, will carry out the infrastructure projects identified in paragraph (3) using the range of authorities and methods available to the Department, including—

(A) military construction authority under section 2802 of title 10, United States Code;

(B) unspecified minor military construction authority under section 2805(a) of such title;

(C) laboratory revitalization authority under section 2805(d) of such title;

(D) the authority to carry out facility repair projects, including the conversion of existing facilities, under section 2811 of such title;

(E) the authority provided under the Defense Laboratory Modernization Pilot Program under section 2803 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2016 (Public Law 114–92; 10 U.S.C. 2358 note);

(F) methods that leverage funding from entities outside the Department, including public-private partnerships, enhanced use leases and real property exchanges;

(G) the authority to conduct commercial test and evaluation activities at a Major Range and Test Facility Installation, under section 2681 of title 10, United States Code; and

(H) any other authorities and methods determined to be appropriate by the Secretary of Defense.

(6) Identification of any regulatory or policy barriers to the effective and efficient implementation of the master plan.

(c) Consultation and coordination.—In developing and implementing the plan required under subsection (a), the Secretary of Defense shall—

(1) consult with existing and anticipated customers and users of the capabilities of the Major Range and Test Facility Base and science and technology reinvention laboratories;

(2) ensure consistency with the science and technology roadmaps and strategies of the Department of Defense and the Armed Forces; and

(3) ensure consistency with the strategic plan for test and evaluation resources required by section 196(d) of title 10, United States Code.

(d) Submittal to Congress.—Not later than January 1, 2021, the Secretary of Defense, in coordination with the Secretaries of the military departments, shall submit to the congressional defense committees the master plan developed under subsection (a).

(e) Research, development, test, and evaluation infrastructure defined.—In this section, the term “research, development, test, and evaluation infrastructure” means the infrastructure of—

(1) the science and technology reinvention laboratories (as designated under section 1105 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2010 (Public Law 111–84; 10 U.S.C. 2358 note));

(2) the Major Range and Test Facility Base (as defined in section 2358a(f)(3) of title 10, United States Code); and

(3) other facilities that support the research development, test, and evaluation activities of the Department.

SEC. 253. Energetics plan.

(a) Plan required.—The Under Secretary of Defense for Research and Engineering shall, in coordination with the technical directors at defense laboratories and such other officials as the Under Secretary considers appropriate, develop an energetics research and development plan to ensure a long-term multi-domain research, development, prototyping, and experimentation effort that—

(1) maintains United States technological superiority in energetics technology critical to national security;

(2) efficiently develops new energetics technologies and transitions them into operational use, as appropriate; and

(3) maintains a robust industrial base and workforce to support Department of Defense requirements for energetic materials.

(b) Briefing.—Not later than one year after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Under Secretary shall brief the congressional defense committees on the plan developed under subsection (a).

SEC. 254. Strategy and implementation plan for fifth generation information and communications technologies.

(a) In general.—Not later than 270 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall develop—

(1) a strategy for harnessing fifth generation (commonly known as “5G”) information and communications technologies to enhance military capabilities, maintain a technological advantage on the battlefield, and accelerate the deployment of new commercial products and services enabled by 5G networks throughout the Department of Defense; and

(2) a plan for implementing the strategy developed under paragraph (1).

(b) Elements.—The strategy required under subsection (a) shall include the following elements:

(1) Adoption and use of secure fourth generation (commonly known as “4G”) communications technologies and the transition to advanced and secure 5G communications technologies for military applications and for military infrastructure.

(2) Science, technology, research, and development efforts to facilitate the advancement and adoption of 5G technology and new uses of 5G systems, subsystems, and components, including—

(A) 5G testbeds for developing military and dual-use applications; and

(B) spectrum-sharing technologies and frameworks.

(3) Strengthening engagement and outreach with industry, academia, international partners, and other departments and agencies of the Federal Government on issues relating to 5G technology and the deployment of such technology, including development of a common industrial base for secure microelectronics.

(4) Defense industrial base supply chain risk, management, and opportunities.

(5) Preserving the ability of the Joint Force to achieve objectives in a contested and congested spectrum environment.

(6) Strengthening the ability of the Joint Force to conduct full spectrum operations that enhance the military advantages of the United States.

(7) Securing the information technology and weapon systems of the Department against malicious activity.

(8) Advancing the deployment of secure 5G networks nationwide.

(9) Such other matters as the Secretary of Defense determines to be relevant.

(c) Consultation.—In developing the strategy and implementation plan required under subsection (a), the Secretary of Defense shall consult with the following:

(1) The Chief Information Officer of the Department of Defense.

(2) The Under Secretary of Defense for Research and Engineering.

(3) The Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment.

(4) The Under Secretary of Defense for Intelligence.

(5) Service Acquisition Executives of each military service.

(d) Periodic briefings.—

(1) IN GENERAL.—Not later than March 15, 2020, and not less frequently than once every three months thereafter through March 15, 2022, the Secretary of Defense shall provide to the congressional defense committees a briefing on the development and implementation of the strategy required under subsection (a), including an explanation of how the Department of Defense—

(A) is using secure 5G wireless network technology;

(B) is reshaping the Department’s policy for producing and procuring secure microelectronics; and

(C) is working in the interagency and internationally to develop common policies and approaches.

(2) ELEMENTS.—Each briefing under paragraph (1) shall include information on—

(A) efforts to ensure a secure supply chain for 5G wireless network equipment and microelectronics;

(B) the continued availability of electromagnetic spectrum for warfighting needs;

(C) planned implementation of 5G wireless network infrastructure in warfighting networks, base infrastructure, defense-related manufacturing, and logistics;

(D) steps taken to work with allied and partner countries to protect critical networks and supply chains; and

(E) such other topics as the Secretary of Defense considers relevant.

SEC. 255. Department-wide software science and technology strategy.

(a) Designation of senior official.—Not later than 180 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense, acting through the Under Secretary of Defense for Research and Engineering and in consultation with the Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment and appropriate public and private sector organizations, shall designate a single official or existing entity within the Department of Defense as the official or entity (as the case may be) with principal responsibility for guiding the development of science and technology activities related to next generation software and software reliant systems for the Department, including—

(1) research and development activities on new technologies for the creation of highly secure, scalable, reliable, time-sensitive, and mission-critical software;

(2) research and development activities on new approaches and tools to software development and deployment, testing, integration, and next generation software management tools to support the rapid insertion of such software into defense systems;

(3) foundational scientific research activities to support advances in software;

(4) technical workforce and infrastructure to support defense science and technology and software needs and mission requirements;

(5) providing capabilities, including technologies, systems, and technical expertise to support improved acquisition of software reliant business and warfighting systems; and

(6) providing capabilities, including technologies, systems, and technical expertise to support defense operational missions which are reliant on software.

(b) Development of strategy.—The official or entity designated under subsection (a) shall develop a Department-wide strategy for the research and development of next generation software and software reliant systems for the Department of Defense, including strategies for—

(1) types of software-related activities within the science and technology portfolio of the Department;

(2) investment in new approaches to software development and deployment, and next generation management tools;

(3) ongoing research and other support of academic, commercial, and development community efforts to innovate the software development, engineering, and testing process, automated testing, assurance and certification for safety and mission critical systems, large scale deployment, and sustainment;

(4) to the extent practicable, implementing or continuing the implementation of the recommendations set forth in—

(A) the final report of the Defense Innovation Board submitted to the congressional defense committees under section 872 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2018 (Public Law 115–91; 131 Stat. 1497);

(B) the final report of the Defense Science Board Task Force on the Design and Acquisition of Software for Defense Systems described in section 868 of the John S. McCain National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2019 (Public Law 115–232; 10 U.S.C. 2223 note); and

(C) other relevant studies on software research, development, and acquisition activities of the Department of Defense.

(5) supporting the acquisition, technology development, testing, assurance, and certification and operational needs of the Department through the development of capabilities, including personnel and research and production infrastructure, and programs in—

(A) the science and technology reinvention laboratories (as designated under section 1105 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2010 (Public Law 111–84; 10 U.S.C. 2358 note));

(B) the facilities of the Major Range and Test Facility Base (as defined in section 2358a(f)(3) of title 10, United States Code);

(C) the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency; and

(D) universities, federally funded research and development centers, and service organizations with activities in software engineering; and

(6) the transition of relevant capabilities and technologies to relevant programs of the Department, including software-reliant cyber-physical systems, tactical systems, enterprise systems, and business systems.

(c) Submittal to congress.—Not later than one year after the date of the enactment of this Act, the official or entity designated under subsection (a) shall submit to the congressional defense committees the strategy developed under subsection (b).

SEC. 256. Artificial intelligence education strategy.

(a) Strategy required.—

(1) IN GENERAL.—The Secretary of Defense shall develop a strategy for educating servicemembers in relevant occupational fields on matters relating to artificial intelligence.

(2) ELEMENTS.—The strategy developed under subsection (a) shall include a curriculum designed to give servicemembers a basic knowledge of artificial intelligence. The curriculum shall include instruction in—

(A) artificial intelligence design;

(B) software coding;

(C) potential military applications for artificial intelligence;

(D) the impact of artificial intelligence on military strategy and doctrine;

(E) artificial intelligence decisionmaking via machine learning and neural networks;

(F) ethical issues relating to artificial intelligence;

(G) the potential biases of artificial intelligence;

(H) potential weakness in artificial intelligence technology;

(I) opportunities and risks; and

(J) any other matters the Secretary of Defense determines to be relevant.

(b) Implementation plan.—The Secretary of Defense shall develop a plan for implementing the strategy developed under subsection (a).

(c) Submittal to congress.—Not later than 270 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the congressional defense committees—

(1) the strategy developed under subsection (a); and

(2) the implementation plan developed under subsection (b).

SEC. 257. Cyber science and technology activities roadmap and reports.

(a) Roadmap for science and technology activities to support development of cyber capabilities.—

(1) ROADMAP REQUIRED.—The Secretary of Defense, acting through the Under Secretary of Defense for Research and Engineering, shall develop a roadmap for science and technology activities of the Department of Defense to support development of cyber capabilities to meet Department needs and missions.

(2) GOAL OF CONSISTENCY.—The Secretary shall develop the roadmap required by paragraph (1) to ensure consistency with appropriate Federal interagency, industry, and academic activities.

(3) SCOPE.—The roadmap required by paragraph (1) shall—

(A) cover the development of capabilities that will likely see operational use within the next 25 years or earlier; and

(B) address cyber operations and cybersecurity.

(4) CONSULTATION.—The Secretary shall develop the roadmap required by paragraph (1) in consultation with the following:

(A) The Chief Information Officer of the Department.

(B) The secretaries and chiefs of the military departments.

(C) The Director of Operational Test and Evaluation.

(D) The Commander of the United States Cyber Command.

(E) The Director of the National Security Agency.

(F) The Director of the Defense Information Systems Agency.

(G) The Director of the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency.

(H) The Director of the Defense Digital Service.

(I) Such interagency partners as the Secretary considers appropriate.

(5) FORM.—The Secretary shall develop the roadmap required by paragraph (1) in unclassified form, but may include a classified annex.

(6) PUBLICATION.—The Secretary shall make available to the public the unclassified form of the roadmap developed pursuant to paragraph (1).

(b) Annual report on cyber science and technology activities.—

(1) ANNUAL REPORTS REQUIRED.—In fiscal years 2021, 2022, and 2023, the Under Secretary of Defense for Research and Engineering shall submit to the congressional defense committees a report on the science and technology activities within the Department of Defense relating to cyber matters during the previous fiscal year, the current fiscal year, and the following fiscal year.

(2) CONTENTS.—Each report submitted pursuant to paragraph (1) shall include, for the period covered by the report, a description and listing of the science and technology activities of the Department relating to cyber matters, including the following:

(A) Extramural science and technology activities.

(B) Intramural science and technology activities.

(C) Major and minor military construction activities.

(D) Major prototyping and demonstration programs.

(E) A list of agreements and activities to transition capabilities to acquisition activities, including—

(i) national security systems;

(ii) business systems; and

(iii) enterprise and network systems.

(F) Efforts to enhance the national technical cybersecurity workforce, including specific programs to support education, training, internships, and hiring.

(G) Efforts to perform cooperative activities with international partners.

(H) Efforts under the Small Business Innovation Research and the Small Business Technology Transfer Program, including estimated amounts to be expected in the following fiscal year.

(I) Efforts to encourage partnerships between the Department of Defense and universities participating in the National Centers of Academic Excellence in Cyber Operations and Cyber Defense.

(3) TIMING.—Each report submitted pursuant to paragraph (1) shall be submitted concurrently with the annual budget request of the President submitted pursuant to section 1105 of title 31, United States Code.

(4) FORM.—The report submitted under paragraph (1) shall be submitted in unclassified form, but may include a classified annex.

SEC. 258. Report on B–52 commercial engine replacement program.

(a) Documentation required.—The Secretary of the Air Force shall submit to the congressional defense committees a report on the B–52 commercial engine replacement program of the Air Force.

(b) Contents.—The report submitted under subsection (a) shall include the following:

(1) The acquisition strategy of the Secretary for the program.

(2) The cost and schedule estimates of the Secretary for the program.

(3) The key performance parameters or equivalent requirements document for the program.

(4) The test and evaluation strategy of the Secretary for the program.

(5) The logistics strategy of the Secretary for the program.

(6) The post-production fielding strategy of the Secretary for the program.

(7) An assessment of the potential for the commercial engine replacement to achieve nuclear system certification.

(c) Limitation.—Of the funds authorized to be appropriated by this Act or otherwise made available for fiscal year 2020 for the Air Force, not more than 75 percent may be obligated or expended until the date on which the Secretary of the Air Force submits to the congressional defense committees the report required by subsection (a).

SEC. 259. Commercial edge computing technologies and best practices for Department of Defense warfighting systems.

(a) Report required.—Not later than 120 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment shall submit to the congressional defense committees a report on commercial edge computing technologies and best practices for Department of Defense warfighting systems.

(b) Contents.—The report submitted under subsection (a) shall include the following:

(1) Identification of initial warfighting system programs of record that will benefit most from accelerated insertion of commercial edge computing technologies and best practices, resulting in significant near-term improvement in system performance and mission capability.

(2) The plan of the Department of Defense to provide additional funding for the systems identified in paragraph (1) to achieve fielding of accelerated commercial edge computing technologies before or during fiscal year 2021.

(3) The plan of the Department to identify, manage, and provide additional funding for commercial edge computing technologies more broadly over the next four fiscal years where appropriate for—

(A) command, control, communications, and intelligence systems;

(B) logistics systems; and

(C) other mission-critical systems.

(4) A detailed description of the policies, procedures, budgets, and accelerated acquisition and contracting mechanisms of the Department for near-term insertion of commercial edge computing technologies and best practices into military mission-critical systems.

SEC. 260. Biannual report on the Joint Artificial Intelligence Center.

(a) Reports required.—Not later than 180 days after the date of the enactment of this Act and biannually thereafter through the end of 2023, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the congressional defense committees a report on the Joint Artificial Intelligence Center (referred to in this section as the “Center”).

(b) Elements.—Each report under subsection (a) shall include the following:

(1) Information relating to the mission and objectives of the Center.

(2) A description of the National Mission Initiatives, Component Mission Initiatives, and any other initiatives of the Center, including a description of—

(A) the activities carried out under the initiatives;

(B) any investments made or contracts entered into under the initiatives; and

(C) the progress of the initiatives.

(3) A description of how the Center has sought to leverage lessons learned, share best practices, avoid duplication of efforts, and transition artificial intelligence research efforts into operational capabilities by—

(A) collaborating with other organizations and elements of the Department of Defense, including the Defense Agencies and the military departments; and

(B) deconflicting the activities of the Center with the activities of other organizations and elements of the Department.

(4) A description of any collaboration between—

(A) the Center and the private sector, national laboratories, and academia; and

(B) the Center and international allies and partners.

(5) The total number of military, contractor, and civilian personnel who are employed by the Center, assigned to the Center, and performing functions in support of the Center.

(6) A description of the organizational structure and staffing of the Center.

(7) A detailed description of the frameworks, metrics, and capabilities established to measure the effectiveness of the Center and the Center’s investments in the National Mission Initiatives and Component Mission Initiatives.

(8) A description of any new policies, standards, or guidance relating to artificial intelligence that have been issued by the Chief Information Officer of the Department.

(9) Identification of any ethical guidelines applicable to the use of artificial intelligence by the Department.

(10) A description of any steps taken by the Center to protect systems that use artificial intelligence from any attempts to misrepresent or alter information used or provided by artificial intelligence.

(c) Joint Artificial Intelligence Center defined.—In this section, the term “Joint Artificial Intelligence Center” means the Joint Artificial Intelligence Center of the Department of Defense established pursuant to section 238 of the John S. McCain National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2019 (Public Law 115–232; 10 U.S.C. 2358 note).

SEC. 261. Quarterly updates on the Optionally Manned Fighting Vehicle program.

(a) In general.—Beginning not later than December 1, 2019, and on a quarterly basis thereafter through October 1, 2022, the Assistant Secretary shall provide to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of Representatives a briefing on the progress of the Optionally Manned Fighting Vehicle program of the Army.

(b) Elements.—Each briefing under subsection (a) shall include, with respect to the Optionally Manned Fighting Vehicle program, the following elements:

(1) An overview of funding for the program, including identification of—

(A) any obligations and expenditures that have been made under the program; and

(B) any obligations and expenditures that are planned for the program.

(2) An overview of the program schedule.

(3) An assessment of the status of the program with respect to—

(A) the development and approval of technical requirements;

(B) technological maturity;

(C) testing;

(D) delivery; and

(E) program management.

(4) Any other matters that the Assistant Secretary considers relevant to a full understanding of the status and plans of the program.

(c) Assistant Secretary defined.—In this section, the term “Assistant Secretary” means the Assistant Secretary of the Army for Acquisition, Logistics, and Technology (or the designee of the Assistant Secretary), in consultation with the Commander of the Army Futures Command (or the designee of the Commander).

SEC. 262. National Study on Defense Research At Historically Black Colleges and Universities and Other Minority Institutions.

(a) Study required.—The Secretary of Defense shall seek to enter into an agreement with the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine (referred to in this section as the “National Academies”) under which the National Academies will conduct a study on the status of defense research at covered institutions and the methods and means necessary to advance research capacity at covered institutions to comprehensively address the national security and defense needs of the United States.

(b) Designation.—The study conducted under subsection (a) shall be known as the “National Study on Defense Research At Historically Black Colleges and Universities and Other Minority Institutions”.

(c) Elements.—The study conducted under subsection (a) shall include an examination of each of the following:

(1) The degree to which covered institutions are successful in competing for and executing Department of Defense contracts and grants for defense research.

(2) Best practices for advancing the capacity of covered institutions to compete for and conduct research programs related to national security and defense.

(3) The advancements and investments necessary to elevate covered institutions to R2 status or R1 status on the Carnegie Classification of Institutions of Higher Education, consistent with the criteria of the classification system.

(4) The facilities and infrastructure for defense-related research at covered institutions as compared to the facilities and infrastructure at institutions classified as R1 status on the Carnegie Classification of Institutions of Higher Education.

(5) Incentives to attract, recruit, and retain leading research faculty to covered institutions.

(6) Best practices of institutions classified as R1 status on the Carnegie Classification of Institutions of Higher Education, including best practices with respect to—

(A) the establishment of a distinct legal entity to—

(i) enter into contracts or receive grants from the Department;

(ii) lay the groundwork for future research opportunities;

(iii) develop research proposals;

(iv) engage with defense research funding organizations; and

(v) execute the administration of grants; and

(B) determining the type of legal entity, if any, to establish for the purposes described in subparagraph (A).

(7) The ability of covered institutions to develop, protect, and commercialize intellectual property created through defense-related research.

(8) The total amount of defense research funding awarded to all institutions of higher education, including covered institutions, through contracts and grants for each of fiscal years 2010 through 2019 and, with respect to each such institution—

(A) whether the institution established a distinct legal entity to enter into contracts or receive grants from the Department and, if so, the type of legal entity that was established;

(B) the total value of contracts and grants awarded to the institution of higher education for each of fiscal years 2010 through 2019;

(C) the overhead rate of the institution of higher education for fiscal year 2019;

(D) the institution’s classification on the Carnegie Classification of Institutions of Higher Education; and

(E) whether the institution qualifies as a covered institution.

(9) Recommendations for strengthening and enhancing the programs executed under section 2362 of title 10, United States Code.

(10) Recommendations to enhance the capacity of covered institutions to transition research products into defense acquisition programs or commercialization.

(11) Previous executive or legislative actions by the Federal Government to address imbalances in Federal research funding, including such programs as the Defense Established Program to Stimulate Competitive Research (commonly known as “DEPSCoR”).

(12) The effectiveness of the Department in attracting and retaining students specializing in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics fields from covered institutions for the Department’s programs on emerging capabilities and technologies.

(13) Recommendations for the development of incentives to encourage research and educational collaborations between covered institutions and other institutions of higher education.

(14) Any other matters the Secretary of Defense determines to be relevant to advancing the defense research capacity of covered institutions.

(d) Reports.—

(1) INITIAL REPORT.—Not later than 180 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the President and the appropriate congressional committees an initial report that includes—

(A) the findings of the study conducted under subsection (a); and

(B) any recommendations that the National Academies may have for action by the executive branch and Congress to improve the participation of covered institutions in Department of Defense research and any actions that may be carried out to expand the research capacity of such institutions.

(2) FINAL REPORT.—Not later than December 31, 2021, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the President and the appropriate congressional committees a comprehensive report on the results of the study required under subsection (a).

(3) FORM OF REPORTS.—Each report submitted under this subsection shall be made publicly available.

(e) Implementation required.—

(1) IN GENERAL.—Except as provided in paragraph (2), not later than March 1, 2022, the Secretary of Defense shall commence implementation of each recommendation included in the final report submitted under subsection (d)(2).

(2) EXCEPTIONS.—

(A) DELAYED IMPLEMENTATION.—The Secretary of Defense may commence implementation of a recommendation described paragraph (1) later than March 1, 2022, if—

(i) the Secretary submits to the congressional defense committees written notice of the intent of the Secretary to delay implementation of the recommendation; and

(ii) includes, as part of such notice, a specific justification for the delay in implementing the recommendation.

(B) NONIMPLEMENTATION.—The Secretary of Defense may elect not to implement a recommendation described in paragraph (1), if—

(i) the Secretary submits to the congressional defense committees written notice of the intent of the Secretary not to implement the recommendation; and

(ii) includes, as part of such notice—

(I) the reasons for the Secretary’s decision not to implement the recommendation; and

(II) a summary of alternative actions the Secretary will carry out to address the purposes underlying the recommendation.

(3) IMPLEMENTATION PLAN.—For each recommendation that the Secretary implements under this subsection, the Secretary shall submit to the congressional defense committees an implementation plan that includes—

(A) a summary of actions that have been, or will be, carried out to implement the recommendation; and

(B) a schedule, with specific milestones, for completing the implementation of the recommendation.

(f) List of covered institutions.—The Secretary of Defense, in consultation with the Secretary of Education and the Presidents of the National Academies, shall make available a list identifying each covered institution examined as part of the study under subsection (a). The list shall be made available on a publicly accessible website and shall be updated not less frequently than once annually until the date on which the final report is submitted under subsection (d)(2).

(g) Definitions.—In this section:

(1) The term “appropriate congressional committees” means—

(A) the congressional defense committees;

(B) the Committee on Health, Education, Labor, and Pensions of the Senate; and

(C) the Committee on Education and Labor of the House of Representatives.

(2) The term “covered institution” means—

(A) a part B institution (as that term is defined in section 322(2) of the Higher Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 1061(2)); or

(B) any other institution of higher education (as that term is defined in section 101 of such Act (20 U.S.C. 1001)) at which not less than 50 percent of the total student enrollment consists of students from ethnic groups that are underrepresented in the fields of science and engineering.

SEC. 263. Study on national security emerging biotechnologies for the Department of Defense.

(a) Study required.—

(1) IN GENERAL.—Not later than 30 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall direct the Defense Science Board to carry out a study on emerging biotechnologies pertinent to national security.

(2) PARTICIPATION.—Participants in the study shall include the following:

(A) Such members of the Board as the Chairman of the Board considers appropriate for the study.

(B) Such additional temporary members or contracted support as the Secretary—

(i) selects from those recommended by the Chairman for purposes of the study; and

(ii) considers to have significant technical, policy, or military expertise.

(3) ELEMENTS.—The study conducted pursuant to paragraph (1) shall include the following:

(A) A review of the military understanding and relevancy of applications of emerging biotechnologies to national security requirements of the Department of Defense, including—

(i) a review of all research and development relating to emerging biotechnologies within the Department of Defense, including areas that demand further priority and investment;

(ii) a review of interagency cooperation and collaboration on research and development relating to emerging biotechnologies between—

(I) the Department;

(II) other departments and agencies in the Federal Government; and

(III) appropriate private sector entities that are involved in research and development relating to emerging biotechnologies;

(iii) an assessment of current biotechnology research in the commercial sector, institutions of higher education, the intelligence community, and civilian agencies of the Federal Government relevant to critical Department of Defense applications of this research;

(iv) an assessment of the potential national security risks of emerging biotechnologies, including risks relating to foreign powers advancing their use of emerging biotechnologies for military applications and other purposes faster than the Department; and

(v) an assessment of the knowledge base of the Department with respect to emerging biotechnologies, including scientific expertise and infrastructure in the Department and the capacity of the Department to integrate emerging biotechnologies into its operational concepts, capabilities, and forces.

(B) An assessment of the technical basis within the Department used to inform the intelligence community of the Department’s collection and analysis needs relating to emerging biotechnologies.

(C) Development of a recommendation on a definition of emerging biotechnologies, as appropriate for the Department.

(D) Development of such recommendations as the Board may have for legislative or administrative action relating to national security emerging biotechnologies for the Department.

(4) ACCESS TO INFORMATION.—The Secretary shall provide the Board with timely access to appropriate information, data, resources, and analysis so that the Board may conduct a thorough and independent analysis as required under this section.

(5) REPORT.— (A) Not later than one year after the date on which the Secretary directs the Board to conduct the study pursuant to paragraph (1), the Board shall transmit to the Secretary a final report on the study.

(B) Not later than 30 days after the date on which the Secretary receives the final report under subparagraph (A), the Secretary shall submit to the congressional defense committees such report and such comments as the Secretary considers appropriate.

(b) Briefing required.—Not later than 90 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall provide the congressional defense committees a briefing on potential national security risks of emerging biotechnologies, including risks relating to foreign powers advancing their use of emerging biotechnologies for military applications and other purposes faster than the Department.

SEC. 264. Independent study on optimizing resources allocated to Combating Terrorism Technical Support Office.

(a) Independent study.—Not later than 30 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall seek to enter into a contract with a federally funded research and development center under which the center will conduct a study on the optimal use of resources allocated to the Combating Terrorism Technical Support Office.

(b) Elements of study.—In carrying out the study referred to in subsection (a), the federally funded research and development center with which the Secretary enters into a contract under such subsection shall—

(1) evaluate the current mission and organization of the Combating Terrorism Technical Support Office and its relation to the objectives outlined in the National Defense Strategy;

(2) assess the extent to which the activities of the Combating Terrorism Technical Support Office are complementary to and coordinated with other relevant activities by other Department of Defense entities, including activities of the Under Secretary of Defense for Research and Engineering, the Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment, United States Special Operations Command, and the military departments; and

(3) identify opportunities to improve the efficiency and effectiveness of the Combating Terrorism Technical Support Office, including through increased coordination, realignment, or consolidation with other entities of the Department of Defense, if appropriate.

(c) Submission to Department of Defense.—Not later than 180 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, the federally funded research and development center that conducts the study under subsection (a) shall submit to the Secretary of Defense a report on the results of the study in both classified and unclassified form.

(d) Submission to Congress.—Not later than 30 days after the date on which the Secretary of Defense receives the report under subsection (c), the Secretary shall submit to the congressional defense committees an unaltered copy of the report in both classified and unclassified form, and such comments as the Secretary may have with respect to the report.

SEC. 265. Independent assessment of electronic warfare plans and programs.

(a) Assessment.—Not later than 120 days after the date of the enactment of this Act and pursuant to the arrangement entered into under section 222, the Secretary of Defense shall seek to engage the private scientific advisory group known as “JASON” to carry out an independent assessment of electronic warfare plans and programs.

(b) Elements.—In carrying out the assessment under subsection (a), JASON shall—

(1) assess the strategies, programs, order of battle, and doctrine of the Department of Defense related to the electronic warfare mission area and electromagnetic spectrum operations;

(2) assess the strategies, programs, order of battle, and doctrine of potential adversaries, such as China, Iran, and the Russian Federation, related to the such mission area and operations;

(3) develop recommendations for improvements to the strategies, programs, and doctrine of the Department of Defense in order to enable the United States to achieve and maintain superiority in the electromagnetic spectrum in future conflicts; and

(4) develop recommendations for the Secretary of Defense, Congress, and such other Federal entities as JASON considers appropriate, including recommendations for—

(A) closing technical, policy, or resource gaps;

(B) improving cooperation and appropriate integration within the Department of Defense entities;

(C) improving cooperation between the United States and other countries and international organizations as appropriate; and

(D) such other important matters identified by JASON that are directly relevant to the strategies of the Department of Defense described in paragraph (3).

(c) Liaisons.—The Secretary of Defense shall appoint appropriate liaisons to JASON to support the timely conduct of the services covered by this section.

(d) Materials.—The Secretary of Defense shall provide access to JASON to materials relevant to the services covered by this section, consistent with the protection of sources and methods and other critically sensitive information.

(e) Clearances.—The Secretary of Defense shall ensure that appropriate members and staff of JASON have the necessary clearances, obtained in an expedited manner, to conduct the services covered by this section.

(f) Report.—Not later than October 1, 2020, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the congressional defense committees a report on the results of the assessment carried out under subsection (a), including—

(1) the results of the assessment with respect to each element described in subsection (b);

(2) the recommendations developed by JASON pursuant to such subsection.

(g) Relationship to other law.—The assessment required under subsection (a) is separate and independent from the assessment described in section 255 of the John S. McCain National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2019 (Public Law 115–232; 132 Stat. 1705) and shall be carried out without regard to any agreement entered into under that section or the results of any assessment conducted pursuant to such agreement.

SEC. 266. Technical correction to Global Research Watch Program.

Section 2365 of title 10, United States Code, is amended—

(1) in subsections (a) and (d)(2), by striking “Assistant Secretary of Defense for Research and Engineering” both places it appears and inserting “Under Secretary of Defense for Research and Engineering”;

(2) in subsections (d)(3) and (e), by striking “Assistant Secretary” both places it appears and inserting “Under Secretary of Defense for Research and Engineering”; and

(3) in subsection (d), by striking “Assistant Secretary” both places it appears and inserting “Under Secretary”.


Sec. 301. Authorization of appropriations.

Sec. 311. Timeline for Clearinghouse review of applications for energy projects that may have an adverse impact on military operations and readiness.

Sec. 312. Authority to accept contributions of funds from applicants for energy projects for mitigation of impacts on military operations and readiness.

Sec. 313. Use of proceeds from sale of recyclable materials.

Sec. 314. Disposal of recyclable materials.

Sec. 315. Department of Defense improvement of previously conveyed utility systems serving military installations.

Sec. 316. Modification of Department of Defense environmental restoration authorities to include Federal Government facilities used by National Guard.

Sec. 317. Use of operational energy cost savings of Department of Defense.

Sec. 318. Sale of electricity from alternate energy and cogeneration production facilities.

Sec. 319. Energy resilience programs and activities.

Sec. 320. Technical and grammatical corrections and repeal of obsolete provisions relating to energy.

Sec. 321. Transfer authority for funding of study and assessment on health implications of per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances contamination in drinking water by Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry.

Sec. 322. Replacement of fluorinated aqueous film-forming foam with fluorine-free fire-fighting agent.

Sec. 323. Prohibition of uncontrolled release of fluorinated aqueous film-forming foam at military installations.

Sec. 324. Prohibition on use of fluorinated aqueous film forming foam for training exercises.

Sec. 325. Real-time sound-monitoring at Navy installations where tactical fighter aircraft operate.

Sec. 326. Development of extreme weather vulnerability and risk assessment tool.

Sec. 327. Removal of barriers that discourage investments to increase military installation resilience.

Sec. 328. Budgeting of Department of Defense relating to extreme weather.

Sec. 329. Prohibition on Perfluoroalkyl Substances and Polyfluoroalkyl Substances in Meals Ready-to-Eat Food Packaging.

Sec. 330. Disposal of materials containing per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances or aqueous film-forming foam.

Sec. 331. Agreements to share monitoring data relating to perfluoroalkyl and polyfluoroalkyl substances and other contaminants of concern.

Sec. 332. Cooperative agreements with States to address contamination by perfluoroalkyl and polyfluoroalkyl substances.

Sec. 333. Plan to phase out use of burn pits.

Sec. 334. Information relating to locations of burn pit use.

Sec. 335. Data quality review of radium testing conducted at certain locations of the Department of the Navy.

Sec. 336. Reimbursement of Environmental Protection Agency for certain costs in connection with the Twin Cities Army Ammunition Plant, Minnesota.

Sec. 337. Pilot program for availability of working-capital funds for increased combat capability through energy optimization.

Sec. 338. Report on efforts to reduce high energy intensity at military installations.

Sec. 341. Short title.

Sec. 342. Definitions.

Sec. 343. Provision of water uncontaminated with perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA) and perfluorooctane sulfonate (PFOS) for agricultural purposes.

Sec. 344. Acquisition of real property by Air Force.

Sec. 345. Remediation plan.

Sec. 351. Materiel readiness metrics and objectives.

Sec. 352. Clarification of authority regarding use of working-capital funds for unspecified minor military construction projects related to revitalization and recapitalization of defense industrial base facilities.

Sec. 353. Modification to limitation on length of overseas forward deployment of naval vessels.

Sec. 354. Extension of temporary installation reutilization authority for arsenals, depots, and plants.

Sec. 355. F–35 Joint Strike Fighter sustainment.

Sec. 356. Report on strategic policy for prepositioned materiel and equipment.

Sec. 357. Pilot program to train skilled technicians in critical shipbuilding skills.

Sec. 358. Requirement for military department inter-service depot maintenance.

Sec. 359. Strategy to improve infrastructure of certain depots of the Department of Defense.

Sec. 361. Readiness reporting.

Sec. 362. Technical correction to deadline for transition to Defense Readiness Reporting System Strategic.

Sec. 363. Report on Navy ship depot maintenance budget.

Sec. 364. Report on Runit Dome.

Sec. 365. Prohibition on subjective upgrades by commanders of unit ratings in monthly readiness reporting on military units.

Sec. 366. Requirement to include foreign language proficiency in readiness reporting systems of Department of Defense.

Sec. 371. Prevention of encroachment on military training routes and military operations areas.

Sec. 372. Expansion and enhancement of authorities on transfer and adoption of military animals.

Sec. 373. Extension of authority for Secretary of Defense to use Department of Defense reimbursement rate for transportation services provided to certain non-Department of Defense entities.

Sec. 374. Extension of authority of Secretary of Transportation to issue non-premium aviation insurance.

Sec. 375. Defense personal property program.

Sec. 376. Public events about Red Hill Bulk Fuel Storage Facility.

Sec. 377. Sense of Congress regarding Innovative Readiness Training program.

Sec. 378. Detonation chambers for explosive ordnance disposal.

SEC. 301. Authorization of appropriations.

Funds are hereby authorized to be appropriated for fiscal year 2020 for the use of the Armed Forces and other activities and agencies of the Department of Defense for expenses, not otherwise provided for, for operation and maintenance, as specified in the funding table in section 4301.

SEC. 311. Timeline for Clearinghouse review of applications for energy projects that may have an adverse impact on military operations and readiness.

Section 183a(c)(1) of title 10, United States Code, is amended by striking “60 days” and inserting “75 days”.

SEC. 312. Authority to accept contributions of funds from applicants for energy projects for mitigation of impacts on military operations and readiness.

Section 183a(f) of title 10, United States Code, is amended by striking “for a project filed with the Secretary of Transportation pursuant to section 44718 of title 49” and inserting “for an energy project”.

SEC. 313. Use of proceeds from sale of recyclable materials.

Section 2577(c) of title 10, United States Code, is amended by striking “$2,000,000” and inserting “$10,000,000”.

SEC. 314. Disposal of recyclable materials.

Section 2577(a) of title 10, United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new paragraph:

“(3) In this section, the term ‘recyclable materials’ may include any quality recyclable material provided to the Department by a State or local government entity, if such material is authorized by the Office of the Secretary of Defense and identified in the regulations prescribed under paragraph (1).”.

SEC. 315. Department of Defense improvement of previously conveyed utility systems serving military installations.

Section 2688 of title 10, United States Code, is amended—

(1) by redesignating subsection (k) as subsection (l); and

(2) by inserting after subsection (j) the following new subsection (k):

“(k) Improvement of conveyed utility systems.—In the case of a utility system that is conveyed under this section and that only provides utility services to a military installation, the Secretary concerned may use amounts authorized to be appropriated for military construction to improve the reliability, resilience, efficiency, physical security, or cybersecurity of the utility system.”.

SEC. 316. Modification of Department of Defense environmental restoration authorities to include Federal Government facilities used by National Guard.

(a) In general.—Section 2707 of title 10, United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new subsection:

“(e) Authority for National Guard projects.—Notwithstanding subsection (a) of this section and section 2701(c)(1) of this title, the Secretary concerned may use funds described in subsection (c) to carry out an environmental restoration project at a facility in response to perfluorooctanoic acid or perfluorooctane sulfonate contamination under this chapter or CERCLA.”.

(b) Definition of facility.—Section 2700(2) of such title is amended—

(1) by striking “The terms” and inserting “(A) The terms”; and

(2) by adding at the end the following new subparagraph:

“(B) The term ‘facility’ includes real property that is owned by, leased to, or otherwise possessed by the United States at locations at which military activities are conducted under this title or title 32 (including real property owned or leased by the Federal Government that is licensed to and operated by a State for training for the National Guard).”.

(c) Inclusion of pollutants and contaminants in environmental response actions.—Section 2701(c) of such title is amended by inserting “or pollutants or contaminants” after “hazardous substances” each place it appears.

(d) Savings clause.—Nothing in this section, or the amendments made by this section, shall affect any requirement or authority under the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act of 1980 (42 U.S.C. 9601 et seq.).

SEC. 317. Use of operational energy cost savings of Department of Defense.

Section 2912 of title 10, United States Code, is amended—

(1) in subsection (a), by striking “subsection (b)” and inserting “subsection (b) or (c), as the case may be,”;

(2) in subsection (b), in the matter preceding paragraph (1), by striking “The Secretary of Defense” and inserting “Except as provided in subsection (c) with respect to operational energy cost savings, the Secretary of Defense”;

(3) by redesignating subsection (c) as subsection (d); and

(4) by inserting after subsection (b) the following new subsection (c):

“(c) Use of operational energy cost savings.—The amount that remains available for obligation under subsection (a) that relates to operational energy cost savings realized by the Department shall be used for the implementation of additional operational energy resilience, efficiencies, mission assurance, energy conservation, or energy security within the department, agency, or instrumentality that realized that savings.”.

SEC. 318. Sale of electricity from alternate energy and cogeneration production facilities.

Section 2916(b)(3)(B) of title 10, United States Code, is amended—

(1) by striking “shall be available” and all that follows and inserting “shall be provided directly to the commander of the military installation in which the geothermal energy resource is located to be used for—”; and

(2) by adding at the end the following new clauses:

“(i) military construction projects described in paragraph (2) that benefit the military installation where the geothermal energy resource is located; or

“(ii) energy or water security projects that—

“(I) benefit the military installation where the geothermal energy resource is located;

“(II) the commander of the military installation determines are necessary; and

“(III) are directly coordinated with local area energy or groundwater governing authorities.”.

SEC. 319. Energy resilience programs and activities.

(a) Modification of annual energy management and resilience report.—Section 2925(a) of title 10, United States Code, is amended—

(1) in the subsection heading, by inserting “and readiness” after “mission assurance”;

(2) in the matter preceding paragraph (1), by inserting “The Secretary shall ensure that mission operators of critical facilities provide to personnel of military installations any information necessary for the completion of such report.” after “by the Secretary.”;

(3) in paragraph (4), in the matter preceding subparagraph (A), by striking “megawatts” and inserting “electric and thermal loads”; and

(4) in paragraph (5), by striking “megawatts” and inserting “electric and thermal loads”.

(b) Funding for energy program offices.—

(1) IN GENERAL.—Not later than 180 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretaries of the military departments shall submit to the congressional defense committees a report stating whether the program offices specified in paragraph (2) are funded—

(A) at proper levels to ensure that the energy resilience requirements of the Department of Defense are met; and

(B) at levels that are not less than in any previous fiscal year.

(2) PROGRAM OFFICES SPECIFIED.—The program offices specified in this paragraph are the following:

(A) The Power Reliability Enhancement Program of the Army.

(B) The Office of Energy Initiatives of the Army.

(C) The Office of Energy Assurance of the Air Force.

(D) The Resilient Energy Program Office of the Navy.

(3) FUNDING PLAN.—

(A) IN GENERAL.—The Secretaries of the military departments shall include in the report submitted under paragraph (1) a funding plan for the next five fiscal years beginning after the date of the enactment of this Act to ensure that funding levels are, at a minimum, maintained during that period.

(B) ELEMENTS.—The funding plan under subparagraph (A) shall include, for each fiscal year covered by the plan, an identification of the amounts to be used for the accomplishment of energy resilience goals and objectives.

(c) Establishment of targets for water use.—The Secretary of Defense shall, where life-cycle cost-effective, improve water use efficiency and management by the Department of Defense, including storm water management, by—

(1) installing water meters and collecting and using water balance data of buildings and facilities to improve water conservation and management;

(2) reducing industrial, landscaping, and agricultural water consumption in gallons by two percent annually through fiscal year 2030 relative to a baseline of such consumption by the Department in fiscal year 2010; and

(3) installing appropriate sustainable infrastructure features on installations of the Department to help with storm water and wastewater management.

SEC. 320. Technical and grammatical corrections and repeal of obsolete provisions relating to energy.

(a) Technical and grammatical corrections.—

(1) TECHNICAL CORRECTIONS.—Title 10, United States Code, is amended—

(A) in section 2913(c), by striking “government” and inserting “government or”; and

(B) in section 2926(d)(1), in the second sentence, by striking “Defense Agencies” and inserting “the Defense Agencies”.

(2) GRAMMATICAL CORRECTIONS.—Such title is further amended—

(A) in section 2922a(d), by striking “resilience are prioritized and included” and inserting “energy resilience are included as critical factors”; and

(B) in section 2925(a)(3), by striking “impacting energy” and all that follows through the period at the end and inserting “degrading energy resilience at military installations (excluding planned outages for maintenance reasons), whether caused by on- or off-installation disruptions, including the total number of outages and their locations, the duration of each outage, the financial effect of each outage, whether or not the mission was affected, the downtimes (in minutes or hours) the mission can afford based on mission requirements and risk tolerances, the responsible authority managing the utility, and measures taken to mitigate the outage by the responsible authority.”.

(b) Clarification of applicability of conflicting amendments made by 2018 Defense Authorization Act.—Section 2911(e) of such title is amended—

(1) by striking paragraphs (1) and (2) and inserting the following new paragraphs:

“(1) Opportunities to reduce the current rate of consumption of energy, the future demand for energy, and the requirement for the use of energy.

“(2) Opportunities to enhance energy resilience to ensure the Department of Defense has the ability to prepare for and recover from energy disruptions that affect mission assurance on military installations.”; and

(2) by striking the second paragraph (13).

(c) Conforming and clerical amendments.—

(1) HEADING AMENDMENT.—The heading of section 2926 of such title is amended to read as follows:

§ 2926. Operational energy”.

(2) CLERICAL AMENDMENT.—The table of sections at the beginning of chapter 173 of such title is amended by striking the item relating to section 2926 and inserting the following new item:


“2926. Operational energy.”.

SEC. 321. Transfer authority for funding of study and assessment on health implications of per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances contamination in drinking water by Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry.

Section 316(a)(2)(B)(ii) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2018 (Public Law 115–91; 131 Stat. 1350), as amended by section 315(a) of the John S. McCain National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2019 (Public Law 115–232), is amended by striking “2019 and 2020” and inserting “2019, 2020, and 2021”.

SEC. 322. Replacement of fluorinated aqueous film-forming foam with fluorine-free fire-fighting agent.

(a) Use of fluorine-free foam at military installations.—

(1) MILITARY SPECIFICATION.—Not later than January 31, 2023, the Secretary of the Navy shall publish a military specification for a fluorine-free fire-fighting agent for use at all military installations and ensure that such agent is available for use by not later than October 1, 2023.

(2) REPORT TO CONGRESS.—Concurrent with publication of the military specification under paragraph (1), the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the congressional defense committees a report containing a detailed plan for implementing the transition to a fluorine-free fire-fighting agent by not later than October 1, 2023. The report shall include—

(A) a detailed description of the progress of the Department of Defense to identify a fluorine-free fire-fighting agent for use as a replacement fire-fighting agent at military installations;

(B) a description of any technology and equipment required to implement the replacement fire-fighting agent;

(C) funding requirements, by fiscal year, to implement the replacement fire-fighting agent, including funding for the procurement of a replacement fire-fighting agent, required equipment, and infrastructure improvements;

(D) a detailed timeline of remaining required actions to implement such replacement.

(b) Limitation.—No amount authorized to be appropriated or otherwise made available for the Department of Defense may be obligated or expended after October 1, 2023, to procure fire-fighting foam that contains in excess of one part per billion of perfluoroalkyl substances and polyfluoroalkyl substances.

(c) Prohibition on use.—Fluorinated aqueous film-forming foam may not be used at any military installation on or after the earlier of the following dates:

(1) October 1, 2024.

(2) The date on which the Secretary determines that compliance with the prohibition under this subsection is possible.

(d) Exemption for shipboard use.—Subsections (b) and (c) shall not apply to firefighting foam for use solely onboard ocean-going vessels.

(e) Waiver.—

(1) IN GENERAL.—Subject to the limitations under paragraph (2), the Secretary of Defense may waive the prohibition under subsection (c) with respect to the use of fluorinated aqueous film-forming foam, if, by not later than 60 days prior to issuing the waiver, the Secretary—

(A) provides to the congressional defense committees a briefing on the basis for the waiver and the progress to develop and field a fluorine-free fire-fighting agent that meets the military specifications issued pursuant to subsection (a), which includes—

(i) detailed data on the progress made to identify a replacement fluorine-free fire-fighting agent;

(ii) a description of the range of technology and equipment-based solutions analyzed to implement replacement;

(iii) a description of the funding, by fiscal year, applied towards research, development, test, and evaluation of replacement firefighting agents and equipment-based solutions;

(iv) a description of any completed and projected infrastructure changes;

(v) a description of acquisition actions made in support of developing and fielding the fluorine-free fire-fighting agent;

(vi) an updated timeline for the completion of the transition to use of the fluorine-free fire-fighting agent; and

(vii) a list of the categories of installation infrastructure or specific mobile firefighting equipment sets that require the waiver along with the justification;

(B) submits to the congressional defense committees certification in writing, that—

(i) the waiver is necessary for either installation infrastructure, mobile firefighting equipment, or both;

(ii) the waiver is necessary for the protection of life and safety;

(iii) no agent or equipment solutions are available that meet the military specific issued pursuant to subsection (a);

(iv) the military specification issued pursuant to subsection (a) is still valid and does not require revision; and

(v) includes details of the measures in place to minimize the release of and exposure to fluorinated compounds in fluorinated aqueous film-forming foam; and

(C) provides for public notice of the waiver.

(2) LIMITATION.—The following limitations apply to a waiver issued under this subsection:

(A) Such a waiver shall apply for a period that does not exceed one year.

(B) The Secretary may extend such a waiver once for an additional period that does not exceed one year, if the requirements under paragraph (1) are met as of the date of the extension of the waiver.

(C) The authority to grant a waiver under this subsection may not be delegated below the level of the Secretary of Defense.

(f) Definitions.—In this section:

(1) The term “perfluoroalkyl substances” means aliphatic substances for which all of the H atoms attached to C atoms in the nonfluorinated substance from which they are notionally derived have been replaced by F atoms, except those H atoms whose substitution would modify the nature of any functional groups present.

(2) The term “polyfluoroalkyl substances” means aliphatic substances for which all H atoms attached to at least one (but not all) C atoms have been replaced by F atoms, in such a manner that they contain the perfluoroalkyl moiety CnF2n+1_ (for example, C8F17CH2CH2OH).

SEC. 323. Prohibition of uncontrolled release of fluorinated aqueous film-forming foam at military installations.

(a) Prohibition.—Except as provided by subsection (b), the Secretary of Defense shall prohibit the uncontrolled release of fluorinated aqueous film-forming foam (hereinafter in this section referred to as “AFFF”) at military installations.

(b) Exceptions.—Notwithstanding subsection (a), fluorinated AFFF may be released at military installations as follows:

(1) AFFF may be released for purposes of an emergency response.

(2) A non-emergency release of AFFF may be made for the purposes of testing of equipment or training of personnel, if complete containment, capture, and proper disposal mechanisms are in place to ensure no AFFF is released into the environment.

SEC. 324. Prohibition on use of fluorinated aqueous film forming foam for training exercises.

The Secretary of Defense shall prohibit the use of fluorinated aqueous film forming foam for training exercises at military installations.

SEC. 325. Real-time sound-monitoring at Navy installations where tactical fighter aircraft operate.

(a) Monitoring.—The Secretary of the Navy shall conduct real-time sound-monitoring at no fewer than two Navy installations and their associated outlying landing fields on the west coast of the United States where Navy combat coded F/A–18, E/A–18G, or F–35 aircraft are based and operate and noise contours have been developed through noise modeling. Sound monitoring under such study shall be conducted—

(1) during times of high, medium, and low activity over the course of a 12-month period; and

(2) along and in the vicinity of flight paths used to approach and depart the selected installations and their outlying landing fields.

(b) Plan for additional monitoring.—Not later than 90 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of the Navy shall submit to the congressional defense committees a plan for real-time sound monitoring described in subsection (a) in the vicinity of training areas predominantly overflown by tactical fighter aircraft from the selected installations and outlying landing fields, including training areas that consist of real property administered by the Federal Government (including Department of Defense, Department of Interior, and Department of Agriculture), State and local governments, and privately owned land with the permission of the owner.

(c) Report required.—Not later than December 1, 2020, the Secretary of the Navy shall submit to the congressional defense committees a report on the monitoring required under subsection (a). Such report shall include—

(1) the results of such monitoring;

(2) a comparison of such monitoring and the noise contours previously developed with the analysis and modeling methods previously used;

(3) an overview of any changes to the analysis and modeling process that have been made or are being considered as a result of the findings of such monitoring; and

(4) any other matters that the Secretary determines appropriate.

(d) Public availability of monitoring results.—The Secretary shall make the results of the monitoring required under subsection (a) publicly available on a website of the Department of Defense.

SEC. 326. Development of extreme weather vulnerability and risk assessment tool.

(a) In general.—The Secretary of Defense shall consult with the entities described in subsection (b) to determine whether an existing climate vulnerability and risk assessment tool is available or can be adapted to be used to quantify the risks associated with extreme weather events and the impact of such events on networks, systems, installations, facilities, and other assets to inform mitigation planning and infrastructure development.

(b) Consultation.—In determining the availability of an appropriate tool to use or adapt for use under subsection (a), the Secretary shall consult with the Administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency, the Secretary of Energy, the Secretary of the Interior, the Administrator of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, the Administrator of the Federal Emergency Management Agency, the Commander of the Army Corps of Engineers, the Administrator of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration, a federally funded research and development center, and the heads of such other relevant Federal agencies as the Secretary of Defense determines appropriate.

(c) Best available science.—Before choosing a tool for use or adaptation for use under subsection (a), the Secretary shall obtain from a federally funded research and development center with which the Secretary has consulted under subsection (b) a certification in writing that the tool relies on the best publicly available science for the prediction of extreme weather risk and effective mitigation of that risk.

(d) Report.—Not later than one year after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall submit to the congressional defense committees a report on the implementation of this section. Such report shall include—

(1) in the case that a tool has been chosen under subsection (a) before the date of the submittal of the report, a description of the tool and how such tool will be used by the Department; or

(2) in the case that the Secretary determines that no available tool meets the requirements of the Department as described in subsection (a) or is readily adaptable for use, a plan for the development of such a tool, including the estimated cost and timeframe for development of such a tool.

SEC. 327. Removal of barriers that discourage investments to increase military installation resilience.

(a) In general.—The Secretary of Defense shall—

(1) identify and seek to remove barriers that discourage investments to increase military installation resilience;

(2) reform policies and programs that unintentionally increased the vulnerability of systems to related extreme weather events; and

(3) develop, and update at least once every four years, an adaptation plan to assess how climate impacts affected the ability of the Department of Defense to accomplish its mission, and the short-and long- term actions the Department can take to ensure military installation resilience.

(b) Military installation resilience.—In this section, the term “military installation resilience” has the meaning given such term in section 101(e)(8) of title 10, United States Code.

SEC. 328. Budgeting of Department of Defense relating to extreme weather.

(a) In general.—The Secretary of Defense shall include in the annual budget submission of the President under section 1105(a) of title 31, United States Code—

(1) a dedicated budget line item for adaptation to, and mitigation of, effects of extreme weather on military networks, systems, installations, facilities, and other assets and capabilities of the Department of Defense; and

(2) an estimate of the anticipated adverse impacts to the readiness of the Department and the financial costs to the Department during the year covered by the budget of the loss of, or damage to, military networks, systems, installations, facilities, and other assets and capabilities of the Department, including loss of or obstructed access to training ranges, as a result extreme weather events.

(b) Disaggregation of impacts and costs.—The estimate under subsection (a)(2) shall set forth the adverse readiness impacts and financial costs under that subsection by military department, Defense Agency, and other component or element of the Department.

(c) Extreme weather defined.—In this section, the term “extreme weather” means recurrent flooding, drought, desertification, wildfires, and thawing permafrost.

SEC. 329. Prohibition on Perfluoroalkyl Substances and Polyfluoroalkyl Substances in Meals Ready-to-Eat Food Packaging.

(a) Prohibition.—Not later than October 1, 2021, the Director of the Defense Logistics Agency shall ensure that any food contact substances that are used to assemble and package meals ready-to-eat (MREs) procured by the Defense Logistics Agency do not contain any perfluoroalkyl substances or polyfluoroalkyl substances.

(b) Definitions.—In this section:

(1) PERFLUOROALKYL SUBSTANCE.—The term “perfluoroalkyl substance” means a man-made chemical of which all of the carbon atoms are fully fluorinated carbon atoms.

(2) POLYFLUOROALKYL SUBSTANCE.—The term “polyfluoroalkyl substance” means a man-made chemical containing a mix of fully fluorinated carbon atoms, partially fluorinated carbon atoms, and nonfluorinated carbon atoms.

SEC. 330. Disposal of materials containing per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances or aqueous film-forming foam.

(a) In general.—The Secretary of Defense shall ensure that when materials containing per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances (referred to in this section as “PFAS”) or aqueous film forming foam (referred to in this section as “AFFF”) are disposed—

(1) all incineration is conducted at a temperature range adequate to break down PFAS chemicals while also ensuring the maximum degree of reduction in emission of PFAS, including elimination of such emissions where achievable;

(2) all incineration is conducted in accordance with the requirements of the Clean Air Act (42 USC 7401 et seq.), including controlling hydrogen fluoride;

(3) any materials containing PFAS that are designated for disposal are stored in accordance with the requirement under part 264 of title 40, Code of Federal Regulations; and

(4) all incineration is conducted at a facility that has been permitted to receive waste regulated under subtitle C of the Solid Waste Disposal Act (42 USC 6921 et seq.).

(b) Scope of application.—The requirements in subsection (a) only apply to all legacy AFFF formulations containing PFAS, materials contaminated by AFFF release, and spent filters or other PFAS contaminated materials resulting from site remediation or water filtration that—

(1) have been used by the Department of Defense or a military department; or

(2) are being discarded for disposal by means of incineration by the Department of Defense or a military department; or

(3) are being removed from sites or facilities owned or operated by the Department of Defense.

SEC. 331. Agreements to share monitoring data relating to perfluoroalkyl and polyfluoroalkyl substances and other contaminants of concern.

(a) In general.—The Secretary of Defense shall seek to enter into agreements with municipalities or municipal drinking water utilities located adjacent to military installations under which both the Secretary and the municipalities and utilities would share monitoring data relating to perfluoroalkyl substances, polyfluoroalkyl substances, and other emerging contaminants of concern collected at the military installation.

(b) Publicly available website.—The Secretary of Defense shall maintain a publicly available website that provides a clearinghouse for information about the exposure of members of the Armed Forces, their families, and their communities to per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances. The information provided on the website shall include information on testing, clean-up, and recommended available treatment methodologies.

(c) Public communication.—An agreement under subsection (a) does not negate the responsibility of the Secretary to communicate with the public about drinking water contamination from perfluoroalkyl substances, polyfluoroalkyl substances, and other contaminants.

(d) Military installation defined.—In this section, the term “military installation” has the meaning given that term in section 2801(c) of title 10, United States Code.

SEC. 332. Cooperative agreements with States to address contamination by perfluoroalkyl and polyfluoroalkyl substances.

(a) Cooperative agreements.—

(1) IN GENERAL.—Upon request from the Governor or chief executive of a State, the Secretary of Defense shall work expeditiously, pursuant to section 2701(d) of title 10, United States Code, to finalize a cooperative agreement, or amend an existing cooperative agreement to address testing, monitoring, removal, and remedial actions relating to the contamination or suspected contamination of drinking, surface, or ground water from PFAS originating from activities of the Department of Defense by providing the mechanism and funding for the expedited review and approval of documents of the Department related to PFAS investigations and remedial actions from an active or decommissioned military installation, including a facility of the National Guard.

(2) MINIMUM STANDARDS.—A cooperative agreement finalized or amended under paragraph (1) shall meet or exceed the most stringent of the following standards for PFAS in any environmental media:

(A) An enforceable State standard, in effect in that State, for drinking, surface, or ground water, as described in section 121(d)(2)(A)(ii) of the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act of 1980 (42 U.S.C. 9621(d)(2)(A)(ii)).

(B) An enforceable Federal standard for drinking, surface, or ground water, as described in section 121(d)(2)(A)(i) of the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act of 1980 (42 U.S.C. 9621(d)(2)(A)(i)).

(C) A health advisory under section 1412(b)(1)(F) of the Safe Drinking Water Act (42 U.S.C. 300g–1(b)(1)(F)).

(3) OTHER AUTHORITY.—In addition to the requirements for a cooperative agreement under paragraph (1), when otherwise authorized to expend funds for the purpose of addressing ground or surface water contaminated by a perfluorinated compound, the Secretary of Defense may, to expend those funds, enter into a grant agreement, cooperative agreement, or contract with—

(A) the local water authority with jurisdiction over the contamination site, including—

(i) a public water system (as defined in section 1401 of the Safe Drinking Water Act (42 U.S.C. 300f)); and

(ii) a publicly owned treatment works (as defined in section 212 of the Federal Water Pollution Control Act (33 U.S.C. 1292)); or

(B) a State, local, or Tribal government.

(b) Report.—Beginning on February 1, 2020, if a cooperative agreement is not finalized or amended under subsection (a) within one year after the request from the Governor or chief executive under that subsection, and annually thereafter, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the appropriate committees and Members of Congress a report—

(1) explaining why the agreement has not been finalized or amended, as the case may be; and

(2) setting forth a projected timeline for finalizing or amending the agreement.

(c) Definitions.—In this section:

(1) APPROPRIATE COMMITTEES AND MEMBERS OF CONGRESS.—The term “appropriate committees and Members of Congress” means—

(A) the congressional defense committees;

(B) the Senators who represent a State impacted by PFAS contamination described in subsection (a)(1); and

(C) the Members of the House of Representatives who represent a district impacted by such contamination.

(2) FULLY FLUORINATED CARBON ATOM.—The term “fully fluorinated carbon atom” means a carbon atom on which all the hydrogen substituents have been replaced by fluorine.

(3) PFAS.—The term “PFAS” means perfluoroalkyl and polyfluoroalkyl substances that are man-made chemicals with at least one fully fluorinated carbon atom.

(4) STATE.—The term “State” has the meaning given the term in section 101 of the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act of 1980 (42 U.S.C. 9601).

SEC. 333. Plan to phase out use of burn pits.

Not later than one year after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the congressional defense committees a plan to phase out the u