Text: S.1790 — 116th Congress (2019-2020)All Information (Except Text)

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Shown Here:
Engrossed in Senate No: 116-92 (06/27/2019)

 
[Congressional Bills 116th Congress]
[From the U.S. Government Publishing Office]
[S. 1790 Engrossed in Senate (ES)]

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116th CONGRESS
  1st Session
                                S. 1790

_______________________________________________________________________

                                 AN ACT


 
     To authorize appropriations for fiscal year 2020 for military 
activities of the Department of Defense, for military construction, and 
   for defense activities of the Department of Energy, to prescribe 
   military personnel strengths for such fiscal year, and for other 
                               purposes.

    Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the 
United States of America in Congress assembled,

SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE.

    This Act may be cited as the ``National Defense Authorization Act 
for Fiscal Year 2020''.

SEC. 2. ORGANIZATION OF ACT INTO DIVISIONS; TABLE OF CONTENTS.

    (a) Divisions.--This Act is organized into seven divisions as 
follows:
            (1) Division A--Department of Defense Authorizations.
            (2) Division B--Military Construction Authorizations.
            (3) Division C--Department of Energy National Security 
        Authorizations and Other Authorizations.
            (4) Division D--Funding Tables.
            (5) Division E--Additional Provisions.
            (6) Division F--Intelligence Authorizations for Fiscal Year 
        2020.
            (7) Division G--Intelligence Authorizations for Fiscal Year 
        2018 and 2019.
    (b) Table of Contents.--The table of contents for this Act is as 
follows:

Sec. 1. Short title.
Sec. 2. Organization of Act into divisions; table of contents.
Sec. 3. Congressional defense committees.
Sec. 4. Budgetary effects of this Act.
            DIVISION A--DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE AUTHORIZATIONS

                          TITLE I--PROCUREMENT

              Subtitle A--Authorization of Appropriations

Sec. 101. Authorization of appropriations.
                       Subtitle B--Army Programs

Sec. 111. Sense of Senate on Army's approach to Capability Drops 1 and 
                            2 of the Distributed Common Ground System-
                            Army program.
Sec. 112. Authority of the Secretary of the Army to waive certain 
                            limitations related to the Distributed 
                            Common Ground System-Army Increment 1.
                       Subtitle C--Navy Programs

Sec. 121. Modification of prohibition on availability of funds for Navy 
                            waterborne security barriers.
Sec. 122. Capabilities based assessment for naval vessels that carry 
                            fixed-wing aircraft.
Sec. 123. Ford-class aircraft carrier cost limitation baselines.
Sec. 124. Design and construction of amphibious transport dock 
                            designated LPD-31.
Sec. 125. LHA Replacement Amphibious Assault Ship Program.
Sec. 126. Limitation on availability of funds for the Littoral Combat 
                            Ship.
Sec. 127. Limitation on the next new class of Navy large surface 
                            combatants.
Sec. 128. Refueling and complex overhauls of the U.S.S. John C. Stennis 
                            and U.S.S. Harry S. Truman.
Sec. 129. Report on carrier wing composition.
                     Subtitle D--Air Force Programs

Sec. 141. Requirement to align Air Force fighter force structure with 
                            National Defense Strategy and reports.
Sec. 142. Requirement to establish the use of an Agile DevOps software 
                            development solution as an alternative for 
                            Joint Strike Fighter Autonomic Logistics 
                            Information System.
Sec. 143. Report on feasibility of multiyear contract for procurement 
                            of JASSM-ER missiles.
Sec. 144. Air Force aggressor squadron modernization.
Sec. 145. Air Force plan for Combat Rescue Helicopter fielding.
Sec. 146. Military type certification for AT-6 and A-29 light attack 
                            experimentation aircraft.
       Subtitle E--Defense-wide, Joint, and Multiservice Matters

Sec. 151. Limitation on availability of funds for communications 
                            systems lacking certain resiliency 
                            features.
Sec. 152. F-35 sustainment cost.
Sec. 153. Economic order quantity contracting authority for F-35 Joint 
                            Strike Fighter program.
Sec. 154. Repeal of tactical unmanned vehicle common data link 
                            requirement.
         TITLE II--RESEARCH, DEVELOPMENT, TEST, AND EVALUATION

              Subtitle A--Authorization of Appropriations

Sec. 201. Authorization of appropriations.
    Subtitle B--Program Requirements, Restrictions, and Limitations

Sec. 211. Development and acquisition strategy to procure secure, low 
                            probability of detection data link network 
                            capability.
Sec. 212. Establishment of secure next-generation wireless network (5G) 
                            infrastructure for the Nevada Test and 
                            Training Range and base infrastructure.
Sec. 213. Limitation and report on Indirect Fire Protection Capability 
                            Increment 2 enduring capability.
Sec. 214. Electromagnetic spectrum sharing research and development 
                            program.
Sec. 215. Sense of the Senate on the Advanced Battle Management System.
Sec. 216. Modification of proof of concept commercialization program.
Sec. 217. Modification of Defense quantum information science and 
                            technology research and development 
                            program.
Sec. 218. Technology and National Security Fellowship.
Sec. 219. Direct Air Capture and Blue Carbon Removal Technology 
                            Program.
                 Subtitle C--Reports and Other Matters

Sec. 231. National security emerging biotechnologies research and 
                            development program.
Sec. 232. Cyber science and technology activities roadmap and reports.
Sec. 233. Requiring certain microelectronics products and services meet 
                            trusted supply chain and operational 
                            security standards.
Sec. 234. Technical correction to Global Research Watch Program.
Sec. 235. Additional technology areas for expedited access to technical 
                            talent.
Sec. 236. Sense of the Senate and periodic briefings on the security 
                            and availability of fifth-generation (5G) 
                            wireless network technology and production.
Sec. 237. Transfer of Combating Terrorism Technical Support Office.
Sec. 238. Briefing on cooperative defense technology programs and risks 
                            of technology transfer to China or Russia.
Sec. 239. Modification of authority for prizes for advanced technology 
                            achievements.
Sec. 240. Use of funds for Strategic Environmental Research Program, 
                            Environmental Security Technical 
                            Certification Program, and Operational 
                            Energy Capability Improvement.
Sec. 241. Funding for the Sea-Launched Cruise Missile-Nuclear analysis 
                            of alternatives.
Sec. 242. Review and assessment pertaining to transition of Department 
                            of Defense-originated dual-use technology.
                  TITLE III--OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE

              Subtitle A--Authorization of Appropriations

Sec. 301. Authorization of appropriations.
                   Subtitle B--Energy and Environment

Sec. 311. Use of operational energy cost savings of Department of 
                            Defense.
Sec. 312. Use of proceeds from sales of electrical energy generated 
                            from geothermal resources.
Sec. 313. Energy resilience programs and activities.
Sec. 314. Native American Indian lands environmental mitigation 
                            program.
Sec. 315. Reimbursement of Environmental Protection Agency for certain 
                            costs in connection with the Twin Cities 
                            Army Ammunition Plant, Minnesota.
Sec. 316. Prohibition on use of perfluoroalkyl substances and 
                            polyfluoroalkyl substances for land-based 
                            applications of firefighting foam.
Sec. 317. Transfer authority for funding of study and assessment on 
                            health implications of per- and 
                            polyfluoroalkyl substances contamination in 
                            drinking water by Agency for Toxic 
                            Substances and Disease Registry.
Sec. 318. Cooperative agreements with States to address contamination 
                            by perfluoroalkyl and polyfluoroalkyl 
                            substances.
Sec. 319. Modification of Department of Defense environmental 
                            restoration authorities to include Federal 
                            Government facilities used by National 
                            Guard.
Sec. 320. Budgeting of Department of Defense relating to extreme 
                            weather.
Sec. 321. Pilot program for availability of working-capital funds for 
                            increased combat capability through energy 
                            optimization.
Sec. 322. Report on efforts to reduce high energy intensity at military 
                            installations.
Sec. 323. Technical and grammatical corrections and repeal of obsolete 
                            provisions relating to energy.
                 Subtitle C--Logistics and Sustainment

Sec. 331. Requirement for memoranda of understanding between the Air 
                            Force and the Navy regarding depot 
                            maintenance.
Sec. 332. Modification to limitation on length of overseas forward 
                            deployment of naval vessels.
                          Subtitle D--Reports

Sec. 341. Report on modernization of Joint Pacific Alaska Range 
                            Complex.
                       Subtitle E--Other Matters

Sec. 351. Strategy to improve infrastructure of certain depots of the 
                            Department of Defense.
Sec. 352. Limitation on use of funds regarding the basing of KC-46A 
                            aircraft outside the continental United 
                            States.
Sec. 353. Prevention of encroachment on military training routes and 
                            military operations areas.
Sec. 354. Expansion and enhancement of authorities on transfer and 
                            adoption of military animals.
Sec. 355. Limitation on contracting relating to Defense Personal 
                            Property Program.
Sec. 356. Prohibition on subjective upgrades by commanders of unit 
                            ratings in monthly readiness reporting on 
                            military units.
Sec. 357. Extension of temporary installation reutilization authority 
                            for arsenals, depots, and plants.
Sec. 358. Clarification of food ingredient requirements for food or 
                            beverages provided by the Department of 
                            Defense.
Sec. 359. Technical correction to deadline for transition to Defense 
                            Readiness Reporting System Strategic.
              TITLE IV--MILITARY PERSONNEL AUTHORIZATIONS

                       Subtitle A--Active Forces

Sec. 401. End strengths for active forces.
                       Subtitle B--Reserve Forces

Sec. 411. End strengths for Selected Reserve.
Sec. 412. End strengths for Reserves on active duty in support of the 
                            reserves.
Sec. 413. End strengths for military technicians (dual status).
Sec. 414. Maximum number of reserve personnel authorized to be on 
                            active duty for operational support.
Sec. 415. Authorized strengths for Marine Corps Reserves on active 
                            duty.
              Subtitle C--Authorization of Appropriations

Sec. 421. Military personnel.
                   TITLE V--MILITARY PERSONNEL POLICY

                  Subtitle A--Officer Personnel Policy

Sec. 501. Repeal of codified specification of authorized strengths of 
                            certain commissioned officers on active 
                            duty.
Sec. 502. Maker of original appointments in a regular or reserve 
                            component of commissioned officers 
                            previously subject to original appointment 
                            in other type of component.
Sec. 503. Furnishing of adverse information on officers to promotion 
                            selection boards.
Sec. 504. Limitation on number of officers recommendable for promotion 
                            by promotion selection boards.
Sec. 505. Expansion of authority for continuation on active duty of 
                            officers in certain military specialties 
                            and career tracks.
Sec. 506. Higher grade in retirement for officers following reopening 
                            of determination or certification of 
                            retired grade.
Sec. 507. Availability on the Internet of certain information about 
                            officers serving in general or flag officer 
                            grades.
                Subtitle B--Reserve Component Management

Sec. 511. Repeal of requirement for review of certain Army Reserve 
                            officer unit vacancy promotions by 
                            commanders of associated active duty units.
                Subtitle C--General Service Authorities

Sec. 515. Modification of authorities on management of deployments of 
                            members of the Armed Forces and related 
                            unit operating and personnel tempo matters.
Sec. 516. Repeal of requirement that parental leave be taken in one 
                            increment.
Sec. 517. Digital engineering as a core competency of the Armed Forces.
Sec. 518. Modification of notification on manning of afloat naval 
                            forces.
Sec. 519. Report on expansion of the Close Airman Support team approach 
                            of the Air Force to the other Armed Forces.
            Subtitle D--Military Justice and Related Matters

PART I--Matters Relating to Investigation, Prosecution, and Defense of 
                        Sexual Assault Generally

Sec. 521. Department of Defense-wide policy and military department-
                            specific programs on reinvigoration of the 
                            prevention of sexual assault involving 
                            members of the Armed Forces.
Sec. 522. Enactment and expansion of policy on withholding of initial 
                            disposition authority for certain offenses 
                            under the Uniform Code of Military Justice.
Sec. 523. Training for Sexual Assault Initial Disposition Authorities 
                            on exercise of disposition authority for 
                            sexual assault and collateral offenses.
Sec. 524. Expansion of responsibilities of commanders for victims of 
                            sexual assault committed by another member 
                            of the Armed Forces.
Sec. 525. Training for commanders in the Armed Forces on their role in 
                            all stages of military justice in 
                            connection with sexual assault.
Sec. 526. Notice to victims of alleged sexual assault of pendency of 
                            further administrative action following a 
                            determination not to refer to trial by 
                            court-martial.
Sec. 527. Safe to report policy applicable across the Armed Forces.
Sec. 528. Report on expansion of Air Force safe to report policy across 
                            the Armed Forces.
Sec. 529. Proposal for separate punitive article in the Uniform Code of 
                            Military Justice on sexual harassment.
Sec. 530. Treatment of information in Catch a Serial Offender Program 
                            for certain purposes.
Sec. 531. Report on preservation of recourse to restricted report on 
                            sexual assault for victims of sexual 
                            assault following certain victim or third-
                            party communications.
Sec. 532. Authority for return of personal property to victims of 
                            sexual assault who file a Restricted Report 
                            before conclusion of related proceedings.
Sec. 533. Extension of Defense Advisory Committee on Investigation, 
                            Prosecution, and Defense of Sexual Assault 
                            in the Armed Forces.
Sec. 534. Defense Advisory Committee for the Prevention of Sexual 
                            Misconduct.
Sec. 535. Independent reviews and assessments on race and ethnicity in 
                            the investigation, prosecution, and defense 
                            of sexual assault in the Armed Forces.
Sec. 536. Report on mechanisms to enhance the integration and 
                            synchronization of activities of Special 
                            Victim Investigation and Prosecution 
                            personnel with activities of military 
                            criminal investigative organizations.
Sec. 537. Comptroller General of the United States report on 
                            implementation by the Armed Forces of 
                            recent statutory requirements on sexual 
                            assault prevention and response in the 
                            military.
               PART II--Special Victims' Counsel Matters

Sec. 541. Legal assistance by Special Victims' Counsel for victims of 
                            alleged domestic violence offenses.
Sec. 542. Other Special Victims' Counsel matters.
Sec. 543. Availability of Special Victims' Counsel at military 
                            installations.
Sec. 544. Training for Special Victims' Counsel on civilian criminal 
                            justice matters in the States of the 
                            military installations to which assigned.
   PART III--Boards for Correction of Military Records and Discharge 
                          Review Board Matters

Sec. 546. Repeal of 15-year statute of limitations on motions or 
                            requests for review of discharge or 
                            dismissal from the Armed Forces.
Sec. 547. Reduction in required number of members of discharge review 
                            boards.
Sec. 548. Enhancement of personnel on boards for the correction of 
                            military records and discharge review 
                            boards.
Sec. 549. Inclusion of intimate partner violence and spousal abuse 
                            among supporting rationales for certain 
                            claims for corrections of military records 
                            and discharge review.
Sec. 550. Advice and counsel of trauma experts in review by boards for 
                            correction of military records and 
                            discharge review boards of certain claims.
Sec. 551. Training of members of boards for correction of military 
                            records and discharge review boards on 
                            sexual trauma, intimate partner violence, 
                            spousal abuse, and related matters.
Sec. 552. Limitations and requirements in connection with separations 
                            for members of the Armed Forces who suffer 
                            from mental health conditions in connection 
                            with a sex-related, intimate partner 
                            violence-related, or spousal-abuse offense.
Sec. 553. Liberal consideration of evidence in certain claims by boards 
                            for the correction of military records and 
                            discharge review boards.
                PART IV--Other Military Justice Matters

Sec. 555. Expansion of pre-referral matters reviewable by military 
                            judges and military magistrates in the 
                            interest of efficiency in military justice.
Sec. 556. Policies and procedures on registration at military 
                            installations of civilian protective orders 
                            applicable to members of the Armed Forces 
                            assigned to such installations and certain 
                            other individuals.
Sec. 557. Increase in number of digital forensic examiners for the 
                            military criminal investigative 
                            organizations.
Sec. 558. Survey of members of the Armed Forces on their experiences 
                            with military investigations and military 
                            justice.
Sec. 559. Public access to dockets, filings, and court records of 
                            courts-martial or other records of trial of 
                            the military justice system.
Sec. 560. Pilot programs on defense investigators in the military 
                            justice system.
Sec. 561. Report on military justice system involving alternative 
                            authority for determining whether to prefer 
                            or refer changes for felony offenses under 
                            the Uniform Code of Military Justice.
Sec. 562. Report on standardization among the military departments in 
                            collection and presentation of information 
                            on matters within the military justice 
                            system.
Sec. 563. Report on establishment of guardian ad litem program for 
                            certain military dependents who are a 
                            victim or witness of offenses under the 
                            Uniform Code of Military Justice involving 
                            abuse or exploitation.
   Subtitle E--Member Education, Training, Transition, and Resilience

Sec. 566. Consecutive service of service obligation in connection with 
                            payment of tuition for off-duty training or 
                            education for commissioned officers of the 
                            Armed Forces with any other service 
                            obligations.
Sec. 567. Authority for detail of certain enlisted members of the Armed 
                            Forces as students at law schools.
Sec. 568. Connections of members retiring or separating from the Armed 
                            Forces with community-based organizations 
                            and related entities.
Subtitle F--Defense Dependents' Education and Military Family Readiness 
                                Matters

             PART I--Defense Dependents' Education Matters

Sec. 571. Continuation of authority to assist local educational 
                            agencies that benefit dependents of members 
                            of the Armed Forces and Department of 
                            Defense civilian employees.
Sec. 572. Impact aid for children with severe disabilities.
Sec. 573. Ri'katak Guest Student Program at United States Army 
                            Garrison-Kwajalein Atoll.
               PART II--Military Family Readiness Matters

Sec. 576. Two-year extension of authority for reimbursement for State 
                            licensure and certification costs of 
                            spouses of members of the Armed Forces 
                            arising from relocation to another State.
Sec. 577. Improvement of occupational license portability for military 
                            spouses through interstate compacts.
Sec. 578. Modification of responsibility of the Office of Special Needs 
                            for individualized service plans for 
                            members of military families with special 
                            needs.
Sec. 579. Clarifying technical amendment on direct hire authority for 
                            the Department of Defense for childcare 
                            services providers for Department child 
                            development centers.
Sec. 580. Pilot program on information sharing between Department of 
                            Defense and designated relatives and 
                            friends of members of the Armed Forces 
                            regarding the experiences and challenges of 
                            military service.
Sec. 581. Briefing on use of Family Advocacy Programs to address 
                            domestic violence.
                   Subtitle G--Decorations and Awards

Sec. 585. Authorization for award of the Medal of Honor to John J. 
                            Duffy for acts of valor in Vietnam.
Sec. 586. Standardization of honorable service requirement for award of 
                            military decorations.
Sec. 587. Authority to award or present a decoration not previously 
                            recommended in a timely fashion following a 
                            review requested by Congress.
Sec. 588. Authority to make posthumous and honorary promotions and 
                            appointments following a review requested 
                            by Congress.
                       Subtitle H--Other Matters

Sec. 591. Military funeral honors matters.
Sec. 592. Inclusion of homeschooled students in Junior Reserve 
                            Officers' Training Corps units.
Sec. 593. Sense of Senate on the Junior Reserve Officers' Training 
                            Corps.
          TITLE VI--COMPENSATION AND OTHER PERSONNEL BENEFITS

                     Subtitle A--Pay and Allowances

Sec. 601. Expansion of eligibility for exceptional transitional 
                            compensation for dependents to dependents 
                            of current members.
           Subtitle B--Bonuses and Special and Incentive Pays

Sec. 611. One-year extension of certain expiring bonus and special pay 
                            authorities.
            Subtitle C--Travel and Transportation Allowances

Sec. 621. Extension of pilot program on a Government lodging program.
Sec. 622. Reinvestment of travel refunds by the Department of Defense.
     Subtitle D--Disability Pay, Retired Pay, and Survivor Benefits

Sec. 631. Contributions to Department of Defense Military Retirement 
                            Fund based on pay costs per Armed Force 
                            rather than on Armed Forces-wide basis.
Sec. 632. Modification of authorities on eligibility for and 
                            replacement of gold star lapel buttons.
   Subtitle E--Commissary and Non-Appropriated Fund Instrumentality 
                        Benefits and Operations

Sec. 641. Defense resale system matters.
Sec. 642. Treatment of fees on services provided as supplemental funds 
                            for commissary operations.
Sec. 643. Procurement by commissary stores of certain locally sourced 
                            products.
                   TITLE VII--HEALTH CARE PROVISIONS

           Subtitle A--TRICARE and Other Health Care Benefits

Sec. 701. Contraception coverage parity under the TRICARE program.
Sec. 702. TRICARE payment options for retirees and their dependents.
Sec. 703. Lead level screening and testing for children.
Sec. 704. Provision of blood testing for firefighters of Department of 
                            Defense to determine exposure to 
                            perfluoroalkyl and polyfluoroalkyl 
                            substances.
                 Subtitle B--Health Care Administration

Sec. 711. Modification of organization of military health system.
Sec. 712. Support by military health system of medical requirements of 
                            combatant commands.
Sec. 713. Tours of duty of commanders or directors of military 
                            treatment facilities.
Sec. 714. Expansion of strategy to improve acquisition of managed care 
                            support contracts under TRICARE program.
Sec. 715. Establishment of regional medical hubs to support combatant 
                            commands.
Sec. 716. Monitoring of adverse event data on dietary supplement use by 
                            members of the Armed Forces.
Sec. 717. Enhancement of recordkeeping with respect to exposure by 
                            members of the Armed Forces to certain 
                            occupational and environmental hazards 
                            while deployed overseas.
                 Subtitle C--Reports and Other Matters

Sec. 721. Extension and clarification of authority for Joint Department 
                            of Defense-Department of Veterans Affairs 
                            Medical Facility Demonstration Fund.
Sec. 722. Appointment of non-ex officio members of the Henry M. Jackson 
                            Foundation for the Advancement of Military 
                            Medicine.
Sec. 723. Officers authorized to command Army dental units.
Sec. 724. Establishment of Academic Health System in National Capital 
                            Region.
Sec. 725. Provision of veterinary services by veterinary professionals 
                            of the Department of Defense in 
                            emergencies.
Sec. 726. Five-year extension of authority to continue the DOD-VA 
                            Health Care Sharing Incentive Fund.
Sec. 727. Pilot Program on civilian and military partnerships to 
                            enhance interoperability and medical surge 
                            capability and capacity of National 
                            Disaster Medical System.
Sec. 728. Modification of requirements for longitudinal medical study 
                            on blast pressure exposure of members of 
                            the Armed Forces.
  TITLE VIII--ACQUISITION POLICY, ACQUISITION MANAGEMENT, AND RELATED 
                                MATTERS

           Subtitle A--Contracting and Acquisition Provisions

Sec. 801. Pilot program on intellectual property evaluation for 
                            acquisition programs.
Sec. 802. Pilot program to use alpha contracting teams for complex 
                            requirements.
Sec. 803. Modification of written approval requirement for task and 
                            delivery order single contract awards.
Sec. 804. Extension of authority to acquire products and services 
                            produced in countries along a major route 
                            of supply to Afghanistan.
Sec. 805. Modification of Director of Operational Test and Evaluation 
                            report.
Sec. 806. Department of Defense use of fixed-price contracts.
Sec. 807. Pilot program to accelerate contracting and pricing 
                            processes.
Sec. 808. Pilot program to streamline decision-making processes for 
                            weapon systems.
Sec. 809. Documentation of market research related to commercial item 
                            determinations.
Sec. 810. Modification to small purchase threshold exception to 
                            sourcing requirements for certain articles.
 Subtitle B--Provisions Relating to Major Defense Acquisition Programs

Sec. 821. Naval vessel certification required before Milestone B 
                            approval.
                  Subtitle C--Industrial Base Matters

Sec. 831. Modernization of acquisition processes to ensure integrity of 
                            industrial base.
Sec. 832. Assessment of precision-guided missiles for reliance on 
                            foreign-made microelectronic components.
Sec. 833. Mitigating risks related to foreign ownership, control, or 
                            influence of Department of Defense 
                            contractors or subcontractors.
Sec. 834. Extension and revisions to Never Contract With the Enemy.
                   Subtitle D--Small Business Matters

Sec. 841. Reauthorization and improvement of Department of Defense 
                            Mentor-Protege Program.
Sec. 842. Modification of justification and approval requirement for 
                            certain Department of Defense contracts.
     Subtitle E--Provisions Related to Software-Driven Capabilities

Sec. 851. Improved management of information technology and cyberspace 
                            investments.
Sec. 852. Special pathways for rapid acquisition of software 
                            applications and upgrades.
                       Subtitle F--Other Matters

Sec. 861. Notification of Navy procurement production disruptions.
Sec. 862. Modification to acquisition authority of the Commander of the 
                            United States Cyber Command.
Sec. 863. Prohibition on operation or procurement of foreign-made 
                            unmanned aircraft systems.
Sec. 864. Prohibition on contracting with persons that have business 
                            operations with the Maduro regime.
Sec. 865. Comptroller General of the United States report on Department 
                            of Defense efforts to combat human 
                            trafficking through procurement practices.
      TITLE IX--DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE ORGANIZATION AND MANAGEMENT

   Subtitle A--Office of the Secretary of Defense and Related Matters

901. Headquarters activities of the Department of Defense matters.
902. Responsibility of Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and 
                            Sustainment for Procurement Technical 
                            Assistance Cooperative Agreement Program.
903. Return to Chief Information Officer of the Department of Defense 
                            of responsibility for business systems and 
                            related matters.
904. Senior Military Advisor for Cyber Policy and Deputy Principal 
                            Cyber Advisor.
905. Limitation on transfer of Strategic Capabilities Office.
Subtitle B--Organization and Management of Other Department of Defense 
                          Offices and Elements

911. Assistant Secretaries of the military departments for Energy, 
                            Installations, and Environment.
912. Repeal of conditional designation of Explosive Ordnance Disposal 
                            Corps as a basic branch of the Army.
                       Subtitle C--Other Matters

921. Exclusion from limitations on personnel in the Office of the 
                            Secretary of Defense and Department of 
                            Defense headquarters of fellows appointed 
                            under the John S. McCain Defense Fellows 
                            Program.
922. Report on resources to implement the civilian casualty policy of 
                            the Department of Defense.
                      TITLE X--GENERAL PROVISIONS

                     Subtitle A--Financial Matters

Sec. 1001. General transfer authority.
Sec. 1002. Modification of required elements of annual reports on 
                            emergency and extraordinary expenses of the 
                            Department of Defense.
Sec. 1003. Inclusion of military construction projects in annual 
                            reports on unfunded priorities of the Armed 
                            Forces and the combatant commands.
Sec. 1004. Prohibition on delegation of responsibility for submittal to 
                            Congress of Out-Year Unconstrained Total 
                            Munitions Requirements and Out-Year 
                            Inventory numbers.
Sec. 1005. Element in annual reports on the Financial Improvement and 
                            Audit Remediation Plan on activities with 
                            respect to classified programs.
Sec. 1006. Modification of semiannual briefings on the consolidated 
                            corrective action plan of the Department of 
                            Defense for financial management 
                            information.
Sec. 1007. Update of authorities and renaming of Department of Defense 
                            Acquisition Workforce Development Fund.
                   Subtitle B--Counterdrug Activities

Sec. 1011. Modification of authority to support a unified counterdrug 
                            and counterterrorism campaign in Colombia.
Sec. 1012. Two-year extension of authority for joint task forces to 
                            provide support to law enforcement agencies 
                            conducting counter-terrorism activities.
                Subtitle C--Naval Vessels and Shipyards

Sec. 1016. Modification of authority to purchase vessels using funds in 
                            National Defense Sealift Fund.
Sec. 1017. Senior Technical Authority for each naval vessel class.
Sec. 1018. Permanent authority for sustaining operational readiness of 
                            Littoral Combat Ships on extended 
                            deployment.
                      Subtitle D--Counterterrorism

Sec. 1021. Extension of prohibition on use of funds for transfer or 
                            release of individuals detained at United 
                            States Naval Station, Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, 
                            to the United States.
Sec. 1022. Extension of prohibition on use of funds to construct or 
                            modify facilities in the United States to 
                            house detainees transferred from United 
                            States Naval Station, Guantanamo Bay, Cuba.
Sec. 1023. Extension of prohibition on use of funds for transfer or 
                            release of individuals detained at United 
                            States Naval Station, Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, 
                            to certain countries.
Sec. 1024. Extension of prohibition on use of funds to close or 
                            relinquish control of United States Naval 
                            Station, Guantanamo Bay, Cuba.
Sec. 1025. Authority to transfer individuals detained at United States 
                            Naval Station, Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, to the 
                            United States temporarily for emergency or 
                            critical medical treatment.
Sec. 1026. Chief Medical Officer at United States Naval Station, 
                            Guantanamo Bay, Cuba.
         Subtitle E--Miscellaneous Authorities and Limitations

Sec. 1031. Clarification of authority of military commissions under 
                            chapter 47A of title 10, United States 
                            Code, to punish contempt.
Sec. 1032. Comprehensive Department of Defense policy on collective 
                            self-defense.
Sec. 1033. Oversight of Department of Defense execute orders.
Sec. 1034. Prohibition on ownership or trading of stocks in certain 
                            companies by Department of Defense officers 
                            and employees.
Sec. 1035. Policy regarding the transition of data and applications to 
                            the cloud.
Sec. 1036. Modernization of inspection authorities applicable to the 
                            National Guard and extension of inspection 
                            authority to the Chief of the National 
                            Guard Bureau.
Sec. 1037. Enhancement of authorities on forfeiture of Federal benefits 
                            by the National Guard.
Sec. 1038. Modernization of authorities on property and fiscal officers 
                            of the National Guard.
Sec. 1039. Limitation on placement by the Under Secretary of Defense 
                            for Personnel and Readiness of work with 
                            federally funded research and development 
                            centers.
Sec. 1040. Termination of requirement for Department of Defense 
                            facility access clearances for joint 
                            ventures composed of previously-cleared 
                            entities.
Sec. 1041. Designation of Department of Defense Strategic Arctic Ports.
Sec. 1042. Extension of National Security Commission on Artificial 
                            Intelligence.
Sec. 1043. Authority to transfer funds for Bien Hoa dioxin cleanup.
Sec. 1044. Limitation on use of funds to house children separated from 
                            parents.
Sec. 1045. Use of funds for defense of the Armed Forces and United 
                            States citizens against attack by foreign 
                            hostile forces.
                    Subtitle F--Studies and Reports

Sec. 1051. Modification of annual reporting requirements on defense 
                            manpower.
Sec. 1052. Report on Department of Defense efforts to implement a force 
                            planning process in support of 
                            implementation of the 2018 National Defense 
                            Strategy.
Sec. 1053. Extension of annual reports on civilian casualties in 
                            connection with United States military 
                            operations.
Sec. 1054. Report on joint force plan for implementation of strategies 
                            of the Department of Defense for the 
                            Arctic.
Sec. 1055. Report on use of Northern Tier bases in implementation of 
                            Arctic strategy of the United States.
Sec. 1056. Report on the Department of Defense plan for mass-casualty 
                            disaster response operations in the Arctic.
Sec. 1057. Annual reports on approval of employment or compensation of 
                            retired general or flag officers by foreign 
                            governments for Emoluments Clause purposes.
Sec. 1058. Transmittal to Congress of requests for assistance received 
                            by the Department of Defense from other 
                            departments.
Sec. 1059. Semiannual report on Consolidated Adjudication Facility of 
                            the Defense Counterintelligence and 
                            Security Agency.
Sec. 1060 Comptroller General of the United States report on post-
                            government employment of former Department 
                            of Defense officials.
Subtitle G--Treatment of Contaminated Water Near Military Installations

Sec. 1071. Short title.
Sec. 1072. Definitions.
Sec. 1073. Provision of water uncontaminated with perfluorooctanoic 
                            acid (PFOA) and perfluorooctane sulfonate 
                            (PFOS) for agricultural purposes.
Sec. 1074. Acquisition of real property by Air Force.
Sec. 1075. Remediation plan.
                       Subtitle H--Other Matters

Sec. 1081. Revision to authorities relating to mail service for members 
                            of the Armed Forces and Department of 
                            Defense civilians overseas.
Sec. 1082. Access to and use of military post offices by United States 
                            citizens employed overseas by the North 
                            Atlantic Treaty Organization who perform 
                            functions in support of military operations 
                            of the Armed Forces.
Sec. 1083. Guarantee of residency for spouses of members of uniformed 
                            services.
Sec. 1084. Extension of requirement for briefings on the national 
                            biodefense strategy.
Sec. 1085. Extension of National Commission on Military Aviation 
                            Safety.
                  TITLE XI--CIVILIAN PERSONNEL MATTERS

Sec. 1101. Modification of temporary assignments of Department of 
                            Defense employees to a private-sector 
                            organization.
Sec. 1102. Modification of number of available appointments for certain 
                            agencies under personnel management 
                            authority to attract experts in science and 
                            engineering.
Sec. 1103. One-year extension of temporary authority to grant 
                            allowances, benefits, and gratuities to 
                            civilian personnel on official duty in a 
                            combat zone.
Sec. 1104. One-year extension of authority to waive annual limitation 
                            on premium pay and aggregate limitation on 
                            pay for Federal civilian employees working 
                            overseas.
Sec. 1105. Reimbursement of Federal employees for Federal, State, and 
                            local income taxes incurred during travel, 
                            transportation, and relocation.
             TITLE XII--MATTERS RELATING TO FOREIGN NATIONS

                  Subtitle A--Assistance and Training

Sec. 1201. Extension of support of special operations for irregular 
                            warfare.
Sec. 1202. Extension of authority for cross servicing agreements for 
                            loan of personnel protection and personnel 
                            survivability equipment in coalition 
                            operations.
Sec. 1203. Two-year extension of program authority for Global Security 
                            Contingency Fund.
Sec. 1204. Modification of reporting requirement for use of funds for 
                            security cooperation programs and 
                            activities.
Sec. 1205. Institutional legal capacity building initiative for foreign 
                            defense forces.
Sec. 1206. Department of Defense support for stabilization activities 
                            in national security interest of the United 
                            States.
        Subtitle B--Matters Relating to Afghanistan and Pakistan

Sec. 1211. Extension of authority to transfer defense articles and 
                            provide defense services to the military 
                            and security forces of Afghanistan.
Sec. 1212. Afghanistan Security Forces Fund.
Sec. 1213. Extension of Commanders' Emergency Response Program.
Sec. 1214. Extension and modification of reimbursement of certain 
                            coalition nations for support provided to 
                            United States military operations.
Sec. 1215. Support for reconciliation activities led by the Government 
                            of Afghanistan.
Sec. 1216. Sense of Senate on special immigrant visa program for Afghan 
                            allies.
         Subtitle C--Matters Relating to Syria, Iraq, and Iran

Sec. 1221. Modification of authority to provide assistance to vetted 
                            Syrian groups.
Sec. 1222. Extension of authority and limitation on use of funds to 
                            provide assistance to counter the Islamic 
                            State of Iraq and Syria.
Sec. 1223. Extension and modification of authority to support 
                            operations and activities of the Office of 
                            Security Cooperation in Iraq.
Sec. 1224. Coordinator of United States Government activities and 
                            matters in connection with detainees who 
                            are members of the Islamic State of Iraq 
                            and Syria.
Sec. 1225. Report on lessons learned from efforts to liberate Mosul and 
                            Raqqah from control of the Islamic State of 
                            Iraq and Syria.
   Subtitle D--Matters Relating to Europe and the Russian Federation

Sec. 1231. Prohibition on availability of funds relating to sovereignty 
                            of the Russian Federation over Crimea.
Sec. 1232. Prohibition on use of funds for withdrawal of Armed Forces 
                            from Europe in the event of United States 
                            withdrawal from the North Atlantic Treaty.
Sec. 1233. Extension of limitation on military cooperation between the 
                            United States and the Russian Federation.
Sec. 1234. Modification and extension of Ukraine Security Assistance 
                            Initiative.
Sec. 1235. Extension of authority for training for Eastern European 
                            national security forces in the course of 
                            multilateral exercises.
Sec. 1236. Limitation on transfer of F-35 aircraft to the Republic of 
                            Turkey.
Sec. 1237. Modifications of briefing, notification, and reporting 
                            requirements relating to non-compliance by 
                            the Russian Federation with its obligations 
                            under the INF Treaty.
Sec. 1238. Extension and modification of security assistance for Baltic 
                            nations for joint program for 
                            interoperability and deterrence against 
                            aggression.
Sec. 1239. Report on North Atlantic Treaty Organization Readiness 
                            Initiative.
Sec. 1240. Reports on contributions to the North Atlantic Treaty 
                            Organization.
Sec. 1241. Future years plans for European Deterrence Initiative.
Sec. 1242. Modification of reporting requirements relating to the Open 
                            Skies Treaty.
Sec. 1243. Report on nuclear weapons of the Russian Federation and 
                            nuclear modernization of the People's 
                            Republic of China.
Sec. 1244. Sense of Senate on the 70th anniversary of the North 
                            Atlantic Treaty Organization.
Sec. 1245. Sense of Senate on United States force posture in Europe and 
                            the Republic of Poland.
Sec. 1246. Sense of Senate on United States partnership with the 
                            Republic of Georgia.
        Subtitle E--Matters Relating to the Indo-Pacific Region

Sec. 1251. Limitation on use of funds to reduce the total number of 
                            members of the Armed Forces in the 
                            territory of the Republic of Korea.
Sec. 1252. Expansion of Indo-Pacific Maritime Security Initiative.
Sec. 1253. Modification of annual report on military and security 
                            developments involving the People's 
                            Republic of China.
Sec. 1254. Report on resourcing United States defense requirements for 
                            the Indo-Pacific region.
Sec. 1255. Report on distributed lay-down of United States forces in 
                            the Indo-Pacific region.
Sec. 1256. Sense of Senate on the United States-Japan alliance and 
                            defense cooperation.
Sec. 1257. Sense of Senate on enhancement of the United States-Taiwan 
                            defense relationship.
Sec. 1258. Sense of Senate on United States-India defense relationship.
Sec. 1259. Sense of Senate on security commitments to the Governments 
                            of Japan and the Republic of Korea and 
                            trilateral cooperation among the United 
                            States, Japan, and the Republic of Korea.
Sec. 1260. Sense of Senate on enhanced cooperation with Pacific Island 
                            countries to establish open-source 
                            intelligence fusion centers in the Indo-
                            Pacific region.
Sec. 1261. Sense of Senate on enhancing defense and security 
                            cooperation with the Republic of Singapore.
                          Subtitle F--Reports

Sec. 1271. Report on cost imposition strategy.
                       Subtitle G--Other Matters

Sec. 1281. NATO Special Operations Headquarters.
Sec. 1282. Modifications of authorities relating to acquisition and 
                            cross-servicing agreements.
Sec. 1283. Modification of authority for United States-Israel anti-
                            tunnel cooperation activities.
Sec. 1284. United States-Israel cooperation to counter unmanned aerial 
                            systems.
Sec. 1285. Modification of initiative to support protection of national 
                            security academic researchers from undue 
                            influence and other security threats.
Sec. 1286. Independent assessment of human rights situation in 
                            Honduras.
Sec. 1287. United States Central Command posture review.
Sec. 1288. Reports on expenses incurred for in-flight refueling of 
                            Saudi coalition aircraft conducting 
                            missions relating to civil war in Yemen.
Sec. 1289. Sense of Senate on security concerns with respect to leasing 
                            arrangements for the Port of Haifa in 
                            Israel.
                TITLE XIII--COOPERATIVE THREAT REDUCTION

Sec. 1301. Funding allocations for Department of Defense Cooperative 
                            Threat Reduction Program.
                    TITLE XIV--OTHER AUTHORIZATIONS

                     Subtitle A--Military Programs

Sec. 1401. Working capital funds.
Sec. 1402. Chemical Agents and Munitions Destruction, Defense.
Sec. 1403. Drug Interdiction and Counter-Drug Activities, Defense-wide.
Sec. 1404. Defense Inspector General.
Sec. 1405. Defense Health Program.
                 Subtitle B--National Defense Stockpile

Sec. 1411. Modification of prohibition on acquisition of sensitive 
                            materials from non-allied foreign nations.
                Subtitle C--Armed Forces Retirement Home

Sec. 1421. Authorization of appropriations for Armed Forces Retirement 
                            Home.
Sec. 1422. Expansion of eligibility for residence at the Armed Forces 
                            Retirement Home.
                       Subtitle D--Other Matters

Sec. 1431. Authority for transfer of funds to joint Department of 
                            Defense-Department of Veterans Affairs 
                            Medical Facility Demonstration Fund for 
                            Captain James A. Lovell Health Care Center, 
                            Illinois.
   TITLE XV--AUTHORIZATION OF ADDITIONAL APPROPRIATIONS FOR OVERSEAS 
                         CONTINGENCY OPERATIONS

         Subtitle A--Authorization of Additional Appropriations

Sec. 1501. Purpose.
Sec. 1502. Overseas contingency operations.
Sec. 1503. Procurement.
Sec. 1504. Research, development, test, and evaluation.
Sec. 1505. Operation and maintenance.
Sec. 1506. Military personnel.
Sec. 1507. Working capital funds.
Sec. 1508. Drug Interdiction and Counter-Drug Activities, Defense-wide.
Sec. 1509. Defense Inspector General.
Sec. 1510. Defense Health Program.
                     Subtitle B--Financial Matters

Sec. 1521. Treatment as additional authorizations.
Sec. 1522. Special transfer authority.
     TITLE XVI--STRATEGIC PROGRAMS, CYBER, AND INTELLIGENCE MATTERS

                      Subtitle A--Space Activities

                   PART I--United States Space Force

Sec. 1601. Assistant Secretary of Defense for Space Policy.
Sec. 1602. Principal Assistant to the Secretary of the Air Force for 
                            Space Acquisition and Integration.
Sec. 1603. Military space forces within the Air Force.
Sec. 1604. Redesignation of Air Force Space Command as United States 
                            Space Force.
Sec. 1605. Assignment of personnel to the National Reconnaissance 
                            Office for mission needs.
Sec. 1606. Report on establishment of position of Under Secretary of 
                            the Air Force for Space.
Sec. 1607. Report on enhanced integration of capabilities of the 
                            National Security Agency, the National 
                            Geospatial-Intelligence Agency, and the 
                            United States Space Command for joint 
                            operations.
Sec. 1608. Limitation on availability of funds.
                      PART II--Other Space Matters

Sec. 1611. Repeal of requirement to establish Space Command as a 
                            subordinate unified command of the United 
                            States Strategic Command.
Sec. 1612. Program to enhance and improve launch support and 
                            infrastructure.
Sec. 1613. Modification of enhancement of positioning, navigation, and 
                            timing capacity.
Sec. 1614. Modification of term of Commander of Air Force Space 
                            Command.
Sec. 1615. Annual report on Space Command and Control program.
Sec. 1616. Requirements for phase 2 of acquisition strategy for 
                            National Security Space Launch program.
  Subtitle B--Defense Intelligence and Intelligence-related Activities

Sec. 1621. Redesignation of Under Secretary of Defense for Intelligence 
                            as Under Secretary of Defense for 
                            Intelligence and Security.
Sec. 1622. Repeal of certain requirements relating to integration of 
                            Department of Defense intelligence, 
                            surveillance, and reconnaissance 
                            capabilities.
Sec. 1623. Improving the onboarding methodology for certain 
                            intelligence personnel.
Sec. 1624. Defense Counterintelligence and Security Agency activities 
                            on facilitating access to local criminal 
                            records historical data.
                 Subtitle C--Cyberspace-related Matters

Sec. 1631. Reorientation of Big Data Platform program.
Sec. 1632. Zero-based review of Department of Defense cyber and 
                            information technology personnel.
Sec. 1633. Study on improving cyber career paths in the Navy.
Sec. 1634. Framework to enhance cybersecurity of the United States 
                            defense industrial base.
Sec. 1635. Role of Chief Information Officer in improving enterprise-
                            wide cybersecurity.
Sec. 1636. Quarterly assessments of the readiness of cyber forces.
Sec. 1637. Control and analysis of Department of Defense data stolen 
                            through cyberspace.
Sec. 1638. Accreditation standards and processes for cybersecurity and 
                            information technology products and 
                            services.
Sec. 1639. Extension of authorities for Cyberspace Solarium Commission.
Sec. 1640. Modification of elements of assessment required for 
                            termination of dual-hat arrangement for 
                            Commander of the United States Cyber 
                            Command.
Sec. 1641. Use of National Security Agency cybersecurity expertise to 
                            support acquisition of commercial 
                            cybersecurity products.
Sec. 1642. Study on future cyber warfighting capabilities of Department 
                            of Defense.
Sec. 1643. Authority to use operation and maintenance funds for cyber 
                            operations-peculiar capability development 
                            projects.
Sec. 1644. Expansion of authority for access and information relating 
                            to cyberattacks on Department of Defense 
                            operationally critical contractors.
Sec. 1645. Briefing on memorandum of understanding relating to joint 
                            operational planning and control of cyber 
                            attacks of national scale.
Sec. 1646. Study to determine the optimal strategy for structuring and 
                            manning elements of the Joint Force 
                            Headquarters-Cyber organizations, Joint 
                            Mission Operations Centers, and Cyber 
                            Operations-Integrated Planning Elements.
Sec. 1647. Cyber governance structures and Principal Cyber Advisors on 
                            military cyber force matters.
Sec. 1648. Designation of test networks for testing and accreditation 
                            of cybersecurity products and services.
Sec. 1649. Consortia of universities to advise Secretary of Defense on 
                            cybersecurity matters.
                       Subtitle D--Nuclear Forces

Sec. 1661. Modification of authorities relating to nuclear command, 
                            control, and communications system.
Sec. 1662. Expansion of officials required to conduct biennial 
                            assessments of delivery platforms for 
                            nuclear weapons and nuclear command and 
                            control system.
Sec. 1663. Conforming amendment to Council on Oversight of the National 
                            Leadership Command, Control, and 
                            Communications System.
Sec. 1664. Prohibition on reduction of the intercontinental ballistic 
                            missiles of the United States.
Sec. 1665. Briefing on long-range standoff weapon and sea-launched 
                            cruise missile.
Sec. 1666. Sense of the Senate on industrial base for Ground-Based 
                            Strategic Deterrent program.
Sec. 1667. Sense of the Senate on nuclear deterrence commitments of the 
                            United States.
                  Subtitle E--Missile Defense Programs

Sec. 1671. Iron Dome short-range rocket defense system and Israeli 
                            cooperative missile defense program co-
                            development and co-production.
Sec. 1672. Expansion of national missile defense policy and program 
                            redesignation.
Sec. 1673. Acceleration of the deployment of persistent space-based 
                            sensor architecture.
Sec. 1674. Nonstandard acquisition processes of Missile Defense Agency.
Sec. 1675. Plan for the Redesigned Kill Vehicle.
Sec. 1676. Report on improving ground-based midcourse defense element 
                            of ballistic missile defense system.
Sec. 1677. Sense of the Senate on recent Missile Defense Agency tests.
Sec. 1678. Sense of the Senate on missile defense technology 
                            development priorities.
Sec. 1679. Publication of environmental impact statement prepared for 
                            certain potential future missile defense 
                            sites.
                       Subtitle F--Other Matters

Sec. 1681. Matters relating to military operations in the information 
                            environment.
Sec. 1682. Extension of authorization for protection of certain 
                            facilities and assets from unmanned 
                            aircraft.
Sec. 1683. Hard and deeply buried targets.
            DIVISION B--MILITARY CONSTRUCTION AUTHORIZATIONS

Sec. 2001. Short title.
Sec. 2002. Expiration of authorizations and amounts required to be 
                            specified by law.
Sec. 2003. Effective date.
                 TITLE XXI--ARMY MILITARY CONSTRUCTION

Sec. 2101. Authorized Army construction and land acquisition projects.
Sec. 2102. Family housing.
Sec. 2103. Authorization of appropriations, Army.
Sec. 2104. Modification of authority to carry out certain fiscal year 
                            2019 project.
                 TITLE XXII--NAVY MILITARY CONSTRUCTION

Sec. 2201. Authorized Navy construction and land acquisition projects.
Sec. 2202. Family housing.
Sec. 2203. Improvements to military family housing units.
Sec. 2204. Authorization of appropriations, Navy.
              TITLE XXIII--AIR FORCE MILITARY CONSTRUCTION

Sec. 2301. Authorized Air Force construction and land acquisition 
                            projects.
Sec. 2302. Family housing.
Sec. 2303. Improvements to military family housing units.
Sec. 2304. Authorization of appropriations, Air Force.
Sec. 2305. Modification of authority to carry out certain fiscal year 
                            2015 project.
Sec. 2306. Modification of authority to carry out certain fiscal year 
                            2016 project.
Sec. 2307. Modification of authority to carry out certain fiscal year 
                            2017 project.
Sec. 2308. Additional authority to carry out certain fiscal year 2018 
                            projects.
Sec. 2309. Modification of authority to carry out certain fiscal year 
                            2019 projects.
           TITLE XXIV--DEFENSE AGENCIES MILITARY CONSTRUCTION

Sec. 2401. Authorized Defense Agencies construction and land 
                            acquisition projects.
Sec. 2402. Authorized Energy Resilience and Conservation Investment 
                            Program projects.
Sec. 2403. Authorization of appropriations, Defense Agencies.
                   TITLE XXV--INTERNATIONAL PROGRAMS

  Subtitle A--North Atlantic Treaty Organization Security Investment 
                                Program

Sec. 2501. Authorized NATO construction and land acquisition projects.
Sec. 2502. Authorization of appropriations, NATO.
             Subtitle B--Host Country In-Kind Contributions

Sec. 2511. Republic of Korea funded construction projects.
            TITLE XXVI--GUARD AND RESERVE FORCES FACILITIES

Sec. 2601. Authorized Army National Guard construction and land 
                            acquisition projects.
Sec. 2602. Authorized Army Reserve construction and land acquisition 
                            projects.
Sec. 2603. Authorized Navy Reserve and Marine Corps Reserve 
                            construction and land acquisition projects.
Sec. 2604. Authorized Air National Guard construction and land 
                            acquisition projects.
Sec. 2605. Authorized Air Force Reserve construction and land 
                            acquisition projects.
Sec. 2606. Authorization of appropriations, National Guard and Reserve.
          TITLE XXVII--BASE REALIGNMENT AND CLOSURE ACTIVITIES

Sec. 2701. Authorization of appropriations for base realignment and 
                            closure activities funded through 
                            Department of Defense Base Closure Account.
Sec. 2702. Prohibition on conducting additional base realignment and 
                            closure (BRAC) round.
         TITLE XXVIII--MILITARY CONSTRUCTION GENERAL PROVISIONS

               Subtitle A--Military Construction Program

Sec. 2801. Military installation resilience plans and projects of 
                            Department of Defense.
Sec. 2802. Prohibition on use of funds to reduce air base resiliency or 
                            demolish protected aircraft shelters in the 
                            European theater without creating a similar 
                            protection from attack.
Sec. 2803. Prohibition on use of funds to close or return to the host 
                            nation any existing air base.
Sec. 2804. Increased authority for certain unspecified minor military 
                            construction projects.
Sec. 2805. Technical corrections and improvements to installation 
                            resilience.
                      Subtitle B--Land Conveyances

Sec. 2811. Release of interests retained in Camp Joseph T. Robinson, 
                            Arkansas, for use of such land as a 
                            veterans cemetery.
Sec. 2812. Transfer of administrative jurisdiction over certain parcels 
                            of Federal land in Arlington, Virginia.
Sec. 2813. Modification of requirements relating to land acquisition in 
                            Arlington County, Virginia.
Sec. 2814. White Sands Missile Range Land Enhancements.
                       Subtitle C--Other Matters

Sec. 2821. Equal treatment of insured depository institutions and 
                            credit unions operating on military 
                            installations.
Sec. 2822. Expansion of temporary authority for acceptance and use of 
                            contributions for certain construction, 
                            maintenance, and repair projects mutually 
                            beneficial to the Department of Defense and 
                            Kuwait military forces.
Sec. 2823. Designation of Sumpter Smith Joint National Guard Base.
Sec. 2824. Prohibition on use of funds to privatize temporary lodging 
                            on installations of Department of Defense.
Sec. 2825. Pilot program to extend service life of roads and runways 
                            under the jurisdiction of the Secretaries 
                            of the military departments.
   TITLE XXIX--OVERSEAS CONTINGENCY OPERATIONS MILITARY CONSTRUCTION

Sec. 2901. Authorized Army construction and land acquisition projects.
Sec. 2902. Authorized Navy construction and land acquisition projects.
Sec. 2903. Authorized Air Force construction and land acquisition 
                            projects.
Sec. 2904. Authorized Defense Agencies construction and land 
                            acquisition projects.
Sec. 2905. Disaster recovery projects.
Sec. 2906. Replenishment of certain military constructions funds.
Sec. 2907. Authorization of appropriations.
            TITLE XXX--MILITARY HOUSING PRIVATIZATION REFORM

Sec. 3001. Definitions.
                Subtitle A--Accountability and Oversight

Sec. 3011. Tenant bill of rights for privatized military housing.
Sec. 3012. Designation of Chief Housing Officer for privatized military 
                            housing.
Sec. 3013. Command oversight of military privatized housing as element 
                            of performance evaluations.
Sec. 3014. Consideration of history of landlord in contract renewal 
                            process for privatized military housing.
Sec. 3015. Treatment of breach of contract for privatized military 
                            housing.
Sec. 3016. Uniform code of basic standards for privatized military 
                            housing and plan to conduct inspections and 
                            assessments.
Sec. 3017. Repeal of supplemental payments to lessors and requirement 
                            for use of funds in connection with the 
                            Military Housing Privatization Initiative.
Sec. 3018. Standard for common credentials for health and environmental 
                            inspectors of privatized military housing.
Sec. 3019. Improvement of privatized military housing.
Sec. 3020. Access to maintenance work order system of landlords of 
                            privatized military housing.
Sec. 3021. Access by tenants of privatized military housing to work 
                            order system of landlord.
                   Subtitle B--Prioritizing Families

Sec. 3031. Dispute resolution process for landlord-tenant disputes 
                            regarding privatized military housing and 
                            requests to withhold payments.
Sec. 3032. Suspension of Resident Energy Conservation Program.
Sec. 3033. Access by tenants to historical maintenance information for 
                            privatized military housing.
Sec. 3034. Prohibition on use of call centers outside the United States 
                            for maintenance calls by tenants of 
                            privatized military housing.
Sec. 3035. Radon testing for privatized military housing.
Sec. 3036. Expansion of windows covered by requirement to use window 
                            fall prevention devices in privatized 
                            military housing.
Sec. 3037. Requirements relating to move out and maintenance with 
                            respect to privatized military housing.
                Subtitle C--Long-Term Quality Assurance

Sec. 3041. Development of standardized documentation, templates, and 
                            forms for privatized military housing.
Sec. 3042. Council on privatized military housing.
Sec. 3043. Requirements relating to management of privatized military 
                            housing.
Sec. 3044. Requirements relating to contracts for privatized military 
                            housing.
Sec. 3045. Withholding of incentive fees for landlords of privatized 
                            military housing for failure to remedy a 
                            health or environmental hazard.
Sec. 3046. Expansion of direct hire authority for Department of Defense 
                            for childcare services providers for 
                            Department child development centers to 
                            include direct hire authority for 
                            installation military housing office 
                            personnel.
Sec. 3047. Plan on establishment of Department of Defense jurisdiction 
                            over off-base privatized military housing.
                   Subtitle D--Other Housing Matters

Sec. 3051. Lead-based paint testing and reporting.
Sec. 3052. Satisfaction survey for tenants of military housing.
Sec. 3053. Information on legal services provided to members of the 
                            Armed Forces harmed by health or 
                            environmental hazards at military housing.
Sec. 3054. Mitigation of risks posed by certain items in military 
                            family housing units.
Sec. 3055. Technical correction to certain payments for lessors of 
                            privatized military housing.
Sec. 3056. Pilot program to build and monitor use of single family 
                            homes.
 DIVISION C--DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY NATIONAL SECURITY AUTHORIZATIONS AND 
                          OTHER AUTHORIZATIONS

      TITLE XXXI--DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY NATIONAL SECURITY PROGRAMS

       Subtitle A--National Security Programs and Authorizations

Sec. 3101. National Nuclear Security Administration.
Sec. 3102. Defense environmental cleanup.
Sec. 3103. Other defense activities.
Sec. 3104. Nuclear energy.
   Subtitle B--Program Authorizations, Restrictions, and Limitations

Sec. 3111. Technical corrections to National Nuclear Security 
                            Administration Act and Atomic Energy 
                            Defense Act.
Sec. 3112. National Nuclear Security Administration Personnel System.
Sec. 3113. Contracting, program management, scientific, engineering, 
                            and technical positions at National Nuclear 
                            Security Administration.
Sec. 3114. Prohibition on use of laboratory-directed research and 
                            development funds for general and 
                            administrative overhead costs.
Sec. 3115. Prohibition on use of funds for advanced naval nuclear fuel 
                            system based on low-enriched uranium.
                     Subtitle C--Plans and Reports

Sec. 3121. Estimation of costs of meeting defense environmental cleanup 
                            milestones required by consent orders.
Sec. 3122. Extension of suspension of certain assessments relating to 
                            nuclear weapons stockpile.
Sec. 3123. Repeal of requirement for review relating to enhanced 
                            procurement authority.
Sec. 3124. Determination of effect of treaty obligations with respect 
                            to producing tritium.
Sec. 3125. Assessment of high energy density physics.
          TITLE XXXII--DEFENSE NUCLEAR FACILITIES SAFETY BOARD

Sec. 3201. Authorization.
Sec. 3202. Improvement of management and organization of Defense 
                            Nuclear Facilities Safety Board.
Sec. 3203. Membership of Defense Nuclear Facilities Safety Board.
                  TITLE XXXV--MARITIME ADMINISTRATION

Sec. 3501. Maritime Administration.
                       DIVISION D--FUNDING TABLES

Sec. 4001. Authorization of amounts in funding tables.
                         TITLE XLI--PROCUREMENT

Sec. 4101. Procurement.
Sec. 4102. Procurement for overseas contingency operations.
        TITLE XLII--RESEARCH, DEVELOPMENT, TEST, AND EVALUATION

Sec. 4201. Research, development, test, and evaluation.
Sec. 4202. Research, development, test, and evaluation for overseas 
                            contingency operations.
                 TITLE XLIII--OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE

Sec. 4301. Operation and maintenance.
Sec. 4302. Operation and maintenance for overseas contingency 
                            operations.
                     TITLE XLIV--MILITARY PERSONNEL

Sec. 4401. Military personnel.
Sec. 4402. Military personnel for overseas contingency operations.
                    TITLE XLV--OTHER AUTHORIZATIONS

Sec. 4501. Other authorizations.
Sec. 4502. Other authorizations for overseas contingency operations.
                   TITLE XLVI--MILITARY CONSTRUCTION

Sec. 4601. Military construction.
Sec. 4602. Military construction for overseas contingency operations.
      TITLE XLVII--DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY NATIONAL SECURITY PROGRAMS

Sec. 4701. Department of Energy national security programs.
                   DIVISION E--ADDITIONAL PROVISIONS

                         TITLE LI--PROCUREMENT

Sec. 5101. Briefing on plans to increase readiness of B-1 bomber 
                            aircraft.
Sec. 5126. Limitation on availability of funds for the Littoral Combat 
                            Ship.
Sec. 5151. Limitation on availability of funds for communications 
                            systems lacking certain resiliency 
                            features.
         TITLE LII--RESEARCH, DEVELOPMENT, TEST, AND EVALUATION

Sec. 5201. Energetics plan.
Sec. 5202. Amendments to research project transaction authorities to 
                            eliminate cost-sharing requirements and 
                            reduce burdens on use.
Sec. 5203. Comparative capabilities of adversaries in artificial 
                            intelligence.
Sec. 5204. Additional amounts for research, development, test, and 
                            evaluation.
Sec. 5205. Briefing on explainable artificial intelligence.
Sec. 5206. Administration of centers for manufacturing innovation 
                            funded by the Department of Defense.
Sec. 5207. Commercial edge computing technologies and best practices 
                            for Department of Defense warfighting 
                            systems.
Sec. 5211. Development and acquisition strategy to procure secure, low 
                            probability of detection data link network 
                            capability.
Sec. 5213. Limitation and report on Indirect Fire Protection Capability 
                            Increment 2 enduring capability.
                 TITLE LIII--OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE

Sec. 5301. Life cycle sustainment annual report for major weapon 
                            systems of the Department of Defense.
Sec. 5302. Sense of Senate on prioritizing survivable logistics for the 
                            Department of Defense.
Sec. 5303. Plan on sustainment of Rough Terrain Container Handler 
                            fleets.
Sec. 5304. Requirement to include foreign language proficiency in 
                            readiness reporting systems of Department 
                            of Defense.
Sec. 5305. Monitoring of noise from flights and training of EA-18G 
                            Growlers associated with Naval Air Station 
                            Whidbey Island.
Sec. 5306. Sense of Congress on restoration of Tyndall Air Force Base.
Sec. 5318. Cooperative agreements with States to address contamination 
                            by perfluoralkyl and polyflruoroalkyl 
                            substances.
Sec. 5352. Limitation on use of funds regarding the basing of KC-46A 
                            aircraft outside the continental United 
                            States.
              TITLE LIV--MILITARY PERSONNEL AUTHORIZATIONS

Sec. 5401. Modification of authorized strength of Air Force Reserve 
                            serving on full-time reserve component duty 
                            for administration of the reserves or the 
                            National Guard.
                  TITLE LV--MILITARY PERSONNEL POLICY

Sec. 5501. Annual State report card.
Sec. 5502. Information and opportunities for registration for voting 
                            and absentee ballot requests for members of 
                            the Armed Forces undergoing deployment 
                            overseas.
Sec. 5503. Study on two-way military ballot barcode tracking.
Sec. 5504. Sense of Senate on the honorable and distinguished service 
                            of General Joseph F. Dunford, United States 
                            Marine Corps, to the United States.
Sec. 5505. Participation of other Federal agencies in the SkillBridge 
                            apprenticeship and internship program for 
                            members of the Armed Forces.
Sec. 5506. Personnel tempo of the Armed Forces and the United States 
                            Special Operations Command during periods 
                            of inapplicability of high-deployment 
                            limitations.
Sec. 5507. Report and briefing on the Senior Reserve Officers' Training 
                            Corps.
Sec. 5508. Report on suicide prevention programs and activities for 
                            members of the Armed Forces and their 
                            families.
Sec. 5509. Sense of Congress on local performance of military accession 
                            physicals.
Sec. 5510. Permanent authority to defer past age 64 the retirement of 
                            chaplains in general and flag officer 
                            grades.
Sec. 5546. Boards for Correction of Military Records and Discharge 
                            Review Board matters.
Sec. 5585. Authorization for award of the Medal of Honor to John J. 
                            Duffy for acts of valor in Vietnam.
Sec. 5587. Authority to award or present a decoration not previously 
                            recommended in a timely fashion following a 
                            review requested by Congress.
          TITLE LVI--COMPENSATION AND OTHER PERSONNEL BENEFITS

Sec. 5601. Inclusion of certain veterans on temporary disability or 
                            permanent disabled retirement lists in 
                            military adaptive sports programs.
Sec. 5602. Report on extension to members of the reserve components of 
                            the Armed Forces of special and incentive 
                            pays for members of the Armed Forces not 
                            currently payable to members of the reserve 
                            components.
Sec. 5642. Treatment of fees of service provided as supplemental funds 
                            for commissary operations.
                   TITLE LVII--HEALTH CARE PROVISIONS

Sec. 5701. Contraceptive parity under the TRICARE program.
Sec. 5702. Exposure to open burn pits and toxic airborne chemicals as 
                            part of periodic health assessments and 
                            other physical examinations.
Sec. 5703. Preservation of resources of the Army Medical Research and 
                            Materiel Command and treatment of 
                            realignment of such command.
 TITLE LVIII--ACQUISITION POLICY, ACQUISITION MANAGEMENT, AND RELATED 
                                MATTERS

Sec. 5801. Report on contracts with entities affiliated with the 
                            Government of the People's Republic of 
                            China or the Chinese Communist Party.
Sec. 5802. Documentation of market research related to commercial item 
                            determinations.
Sec. 5803. Analysis of alternatives pursuant to materiel development 
                            decisions.
      TITLE LIX--DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE ORGANIZATION AND MANAGEMENT

Sec. 5901. Institutionalization within Department of Defense of 
                            responsibilities and authorities of the 
                            Chief Management Officer.
Sec. 5902. Allocation of former responsibilities of the Under Secretary 
                            of Defense for Acquisition, Technology, and 
                            Logistics.
                       TITLE LX--GENERAL MATTERS

Sec. 6001. Utilizing significant emissions with innovative 
                            technologies.
Sec. 6002. Reporting regarding cancelled appropriations.
Sec. 6003. Inclusion of progress of the Department of Defense in 
                            achieving auditable financial statements in 
                            annual reports on the Financial Improvement 
                            and Audit Remediation Plan.
Sec. 6004. Exemption from calculation of monthly income, for purposes 
                            of bankruptcy laws, certain payments from 
                            the Department of Veterans Affairs and the 
                            Department of Defense.
Sec. 6005. Silver Star Service Banner Day.
Sec. 6006. Electromagnetic pulses and geomagnetic disturbances.
Sec. 6007. Termination of leases of premises and motor vehicles of 
                            servicemembers who incur catastrophic 
                            injury or illness or die while in military 
                            service.
Sec. 6008. Improvements to Network for Manufacturing Innovation 
                            Program.
Sec. 6009. Regional innovation program.
Sec. 6010. Report on National Guard and United States Northern Command 
                            capacity to meet homeland defense and 
                            security incidents.
Sec. 6011. Comptroller General of the United States report on the 
                            effects of continuing resolutions on 
                            readiness and planning of the Department of 
                            Defense.
Sec. 6012. Integrated public alert and warning system.
Sec. 6013. Report on impact of Liberian nationals on the national 
                            security, foreign policy, and economic and 
                            humanitarian interests of the United States 
                            and a justification for adjustment of 
                            status of qualifying Liberians to that of 
                            lawful permanent residents.
Sec. 6014. Improving quality of information in background investigation 
                            request packages.
Sec. 6015. Limitation on certain rolling stock procurements; 
                            cybersecurity certification for rail 
                            rolling stock and operations.
Sec. 6016. Sense of Congress on the naming of a naval vessel in honor 
                            of Senior Chief Petty Officer Shannon Kent.
Sec. 6017. Authorization of appropriations for Defense Production Act 
                            of 1950.
Sec. 6018. Investment in supply chain security under Defense Production 
                            Act of 1950.
Sec. 6019. Aviation workforce development.
Sec. 6020. Little Shell Tribe of Chippewa Indians of Montana.
Sec. 6021. Pensacola dam and reservoir, Grand River, Oklahoma.
            TITLE LXII--MATTERS RELATING TO FOREIGN NATIONS

Sec. 6201. Statement of policy and sense of Senate on Mutual Defense 
                            Treaty with the Republic of the 
                            Philippines.
Sec. 6202. Sense of Senate on enhanced cooperation with Pacific Island 
                            countries to establish open-source 
                            intelligence fusion centers in the Indo-
                            Pacific region.
Sec. 6203. Two-year extension of program authority for Global Security 
                            Contingency Fund.
Sec. 6204. Repeal of prohibition on transfer of articles on the United 
                            States munitions list to the Republic of 
                            Cyprus.
Sec. 6205. United States-India defense cooperation in the Western 
                            Indian Ocean.
Sec. 6206. Expansion of availability of financial assets of Iran to 
                            victims of terrorism.
Sec. 6207. Report on export of certain satellites to entities with 
                            certain beneficial ownership structures.
Sec. 6208. Sense of Congress on Hong Kong port visits.
Sec. 6209. Sense of Congress on policy toward Hong Kong.
Sec. 6210. Extension and modification of limitation on military 
                            cooperation between the United States and 
                            the Russian Federation.
Sec. 6211. Review and report on obligations of the United States under 
                            Taiwan Relations Act.
Sec. 6212. Implementation of the Asia Reassurance Initiative Act with 
                            regard to Taiwan arms sales.
Sec. 6213. North Atlantic Treaty Organization Joint Forces Command.
Sec. 6214. Report on military activities of the Russian Federation and 
                            the People's Republic of China in the 
                            Arctic region.
Sec. 6215. Efforts to ensure meaningful participation of Afghan women 
                            in peace negotiations in Afghanistan.
Sec. 6216. Updated strategy to counter the threat of malign influence 
                            by the Russian Federation and other 
                            countries.
Sec. 6217. Modification of semiannual report on enhancing security and 
                            stability in Afghanistan.
Sec. 6218. Sense of Congress on acquisition by Turkey of S-400 air 
                            defense system.
Sec. 6219. Modification of initiative to support protection of national 
                            security academic researchers from undue 
                            influence and other security threats.
Sec. 6231. Prohibition on availability of funds relating to sovereignty 
                            of the Russian Federation over Crimea.
Sec. 6236. Limitation on transfer of F-35 aircraft to the Republic of 
                            Turkey.
                    TITLE LXIV--OTHER AUTHORIZATIONS

Sec. 6401. Assessment of rare earth supply chain issues.
Sec. 6422. Expansion of eligibility for residence at the Armed Force 
                            Retirement Home.
  TITLE LXV--AUTHORIZATION OF ADDITIONAL APPROPRIATIONS FOR OVERSEAS 
                         CONTINGENCY OPERATIONS

                     Subtitle A--General Provisions

Sec. 6501. Review of Joint Improvised-Threat Defeat Organization 
                            research relating to humanitarian demining 
                            efforts.
                 Subtitle B--Inspectors General Matters

Sec. 6511. Establishment of lead Inspector General for an overseas 
                            contingency operation based on Secretary of 
                            Defense notification.
Sec. 6512. Clarification of authority of Inspectors General for 
                            overseas contingency operations.
Sec. 6513. Employment status of annuitants for Inspectors General for 
                            overseas contingency operations.
    TITLE LXVI--STRATEGIC PROGRAMS, CYBER, AND INTELLIGENCE MATTERS

Sec. 6601. Annual report on development of ground-based strategic 
                            deterrent weapon.
Sec. 6602. Sense of Senate on support for a robust and modern ICBM 
                            force to maximize the value of the nuclear 
                            triad of the United States.
Sec. 6603. Reports by military departments on operation of conventional 
                            forces under employment or threat of 
                            employment of nuclear weapons.
Sec. 6604. Reports by United States European Command and United States 
                            Indo-Pacific Command on operation of 
                            certain conventional forces under 
                            employment or threat of employment of 
                            nuclear weapons.
Sec. 6605. Joint assessment of Department of Defense cyber red team 
                            capabilities, capacity, demand, and 
                            requirements.
Sec. 6606. Report on the expanded purview of the Defense 
                            Counterintelligence and Security Agency.
Sec. 6664. Prohibition on reduction of the intercontinental ballistic 
                            missiles of the United States.
  TITLE LXVII--PFAS RELEASE DISCLOSURE, DETECTION, AND SAFE DRINKING 
                            WATER ASSISTANCE

Sec. 6701. Definition of Administrator.
                  Subtitle A--PFAS Release Disclosure

Sec. 6711. Additions to toxics release inventory.
                       Subtitle B--Drinking Water

Sec. 6721. National primary drinking water regulations for PFAS.
Sec. 6722. Monitoring and detection.
Sec. 6723. Enforcement.
Sec. 6724. Drinking water state revolving funds.
                       Subtitle C--PFAS Detection

Sec. 6731. Definitions.
Sec. 6732. Performance standard for the detection of perfluorinated 
                            compounds.
Sec. 6733. Nationwide sampling.
Sec. 6734. Data usage.
Sec. 6735. Collaboration.
Sec. 6736. Authorization of appropriations.
               Subtitle D--Safe Drinking Water Assistance

Sec. 6741. Definitions.
Sec. 6742. Research and coordination plan for enhanced response on 
                            emerging contaminants.
                       Subtitle E--Miscellaneous

Sec. 6751. PFAS data call.
Sec. 6752. Significant new use rule for long-chain PFAS.
Sec. 6753. PFAS destruction and disposal guidance.
Sec. 6754. PFAS research and development.
TITLE LXVIII--SANCTIONS WITH RESPECT TO FOREIGN TRAFFICKERS OF ILLICIT 
                           SYNTHETIC OPIOIDS

Sec. 6801. Short title.
Sec. 6802. Findings.
Sec. 6803. Sense of Congress.
Sec. 6804. Definitions.
    Subtitle A--Sanctions With Respect to Foreign Opioid Traffickers

Sec. 6811. Identification of foreign opioid traffickers.
Sec. 6812. Sense of Congress on international opioid control regime.
Sec. 6813. Imposition of sanctions.
Sec. 6814. Description of sanctions.
Sec. 6815. Waivers.
Sec. 6816. Procedures for judicial review of classified information.
Sec. 6817. Briefings on implementation.
Sec. 6818. Inclusion of additional material in International Narcotics 
                            Control Strategy Report.
    Subtitle B--Commission on Combating Synthetic Opioid Trafficking

Sec. 6821. Commission on combating synthetic opioid trafficking.
                       Subtitle C--Other Matters

Sec. 6831. Director of National Intelligence program on use of 
                            intelligence resources in efforts to 
                            sanction foreign opioid traffickers.
Sec. 6832. Department of Defense funding.
Sec. 6833. Department of State funding.
Sec. 6834. Department of the Treasury funding.
Sec. 6835. Termination.
Sec. 6836. Exception relating to importation of goods.
Sec. 6837. Appropriate committees of Congress defined.
 TITLE LXIX--OTTO WARMBIER BANKING RESTRICTIONS INVOLVING NORTH KOREA 
                              ACT OF 2019

Sec. 6901. Short title.
           Subtitle A--Sanctions With Respect to North Korea

Sec. 6911. Findings.
Sec. 6912. Sense of Congress.
Sec. 6913. Definitions.
           PART I--Expansion of Sanctions and Related Matters

Sec. 6921. Sanctions with respect to foreign financial institutions 
                            that provide financial services to certain 
                            sanctioned persons.
Sec. 6922. Extension of applicability period of proliferation 
                            prevention sanctions.
Sec. 6923. Sense of Congress on identification and blocking of property 
                            of North Korean officials.
Sec. 6924. Modification of report on implementation of United Nations 
                            Security Council resolutions by other 
                            governments.
Sec. 6925. Report on use by the Government of North Korea of beneficial 
                            ownership rules to access the international 
                            financial system.
              PART II--Congressional Review and Oversight

Sec. 6931. Notification of termination or suspension of sanctions.
Sec. 6932. Reports on certain licensing actions.
Sec. 6933. Briefings on implementation and enforcement of sanctions.
Sec. 6934. Report on financial networks and financial methods of the 
                            Government of North Korea.
Sec. 6935. Report on countries of concern with respect to 
                            transshipment, reexportation, or diversion 
                            of certain items to North Korea.
                       PART III--General Matters

Sec. 6941. Rulemaking.
Sec. 6942. Authority to consolidate reports.
Sec. 6943. Waivers, exemptions, and termination.
Sec. 6944. Procedures for review of classified information.
Sec. 6945. Briefing on resourcing of sanctions programs.
Sec. 6946. Briefing on proliferation financing.
                Subtitle B--Divestment From North Korea

Sec. 6951. Authority of State and local governments to divest from 
                            companies that invest in North Korea.
Sec. 6952. Safe harbor for changes of investment policies by asset 
                            managers.
Sec. 6953. Sense of Congress regarding certain ERISA plan investments.
Sec. 6954. Rule of construction.
      Subtitle C--Financial Industry Guidance to Halt Trafficking

Sec. 6961. Short title.
Sec. 6962. Findings.
Sec. 6963. Sense of Congress.
Sec. 6964. Coordination of human trafficking issues by the Office of 
                            Terrorism and Financial Intelligence.
Sec. 6965. Strengthening the role of anti-money laundering and other 
                            financial tools in combating human 
                            trafficking.
Sec. 6966. Sense of Congress on resources to combat human trafficking.
        TITLE LXXVIII--MILITARY CONSTRUCTION GENERAL PROVISIONS

Sec. 7801. Prioritization of projects in annual report on unfunded 
                            requirements for laboratory military 
                            construction projects.
Sec. 7802. Prohibition on use of funds to reduce air base resiliency or 
                            demolish protected aircraft shelters in the 
                            European theater without creating a similar 
                            protection from attack.
Sec. 7803. Prohibition on use of funds to close or return to the host 
                            national any existing air base.
Sec. 7804. Report on unfunded requirements for major and minor military 
                            construction projects for child development 
                            centers of the Department of Defense and 
                            increase of maximum amounts for such minor 
                            projects.
Sec. 7805. Modification of authorized uses of certain property conveyed 
                            by the United States in Los Angeles, 
                            California.
      TITLE LXXXI--DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY NATIONAL SECURITY PROGRAMS

Sec. 8101. Implementation of common financial reporting system for 
                            nuclear security enterprise.
Sec. 8102. Modification to certain requirements relating to plutonium 
                            pit production capacity.
         TITLE LXXXII--DEFENSE NUCLEAR FACILITIES SAFETY BOARD

Sec. 8202. Membership of Defense Nuclear Facilities Safety Board.
                  TITLE LXXXV--MARITIME ADMINISTRATION

Sec. 8500. Ineffectiveness of title XXXV.
Sec. 8501. Short title.
                  Subtitle A--Maritime Administration

Sec. 8511. Authorization of the Maritime Administration.
Sec. 8512. Maritime Security Program.
Sec. 8513. Department of Transportation Inspector General Report.
Sec. 8514. Appointment of candidates attending sponsored preparatory 
                            school.
Sec. 8515. Independent study on the United States Merchant Marine 
                            Academy.
Sec. 8516. General support program.
Sec. 8517. Military to mariner.
Sec. 8518. Salvage recoveries of federally owned cargoes.
Sec. 8519. Salvage recoveries for subrogated ownership of vessels and 
                            cargoes.
Sec. 8520. Port operations, research, and technology.
Sec. 8521. Assessment and report on strategic seaports.
Sec. 8522. Maritime technical assistance program.
Sec. 8523. Requirement for small shipyard grantees.
Sec. 8524. Improvement of National Oceanographic Partnership Program.
Sec. 8525. Improvements to the maritime guaranteed loan program.
Sec. 8526. Technical corrections.
Sec. 8527. United States Merchant Marine Academy's Sexual Assault 
                            Prevention and Response program.
Sec. 8528. Report on vessels for emerging offshore energy 
                            infrastructure.
                     Subtitle B--Maritime SAFE Act

Sec. 8531. Short titles.
Sec. 8532. Definitions.
Sec. 8533. Purposes.
Sec. 8534. Statement of policy.
 PART I--Programs to Combat IUU Fishing and Increase Maritime Security

Sec. 8541. Coordination with international organizations.
Sec. 8542. Engagement of diplomatic missions of the United States.
Sec. 8543. Assistance by Federal agencies to improve law enforcement 
                            within priority regions and priority flag 
                            states.
Sec. 8544. Expansion of existing mechanisms to combat IUU fishing.
Sec. 8545. Improvement of transparency and traceability programs.
Sec. 8546. Technology programs.
Sec. 8547. Savings clause.
   PART II--Establishment of Interagency Working Group on IUU Fishing

Sec. 8551. Interagency Working Group on IUU Fishing.
Sec. 8552. Strategic plan.
Sec. 8553. Reports.
Sec. 8554. Gulf of Mexico IUU Fishing Subworking Group.
 PART III--Combating Human Trafficking in Connection With the Catching 
                   and Processing of Seafood Products

Sec. 8561. Finding.
Sec. 8562. Adding the Secretary of Commerce to the Interagency Task 
                            Force to Monitor and Combat Trafficking.
Sec. 8563. Human trafficking in the seafood supply chain report.
                PART IV--Authorization of Appropriations

Sec. 8571. Authorization of appropriations.
Sec. 8572. Accounting of funds.
      DIVISION F--INTELLIGENCE AUTHORIZATIONS FOR FISCAL YEAR 2020

Sec. 9001. Short title.
Sec. 9002. Definitions.
                   TITLE XCI--INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES

Sec. 9101. Authorization of appropriations.
Sec. 9102. Classified schedule of authorizations.
Sec. 9103. Intelligence community management account.
   TITLE XCII--CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE AGENCY RETIREMENT AND DISABILITY 
                                 SYSTEM

Sec. 9201. Authorization of appropriations.
              TITLE XCIII--INTELLIGENCE COMMUNITY MATTERS

           Subtitle A--General Intelligence Community Matters

Sec. 9301. Restriction on conduct of intelligence activities.
Sec. 9302. Increase in employee compensation and benefits authorized by 
                            law.
Sec. 9303. Improving the onboarding methodology for certain 
                            intelligence personnel.
Sec. 9304. Intelligence community public-private talent exchange.
Sec. 9305. Expansion of scope of protections for identities of covert 
                            agents.
Sec. 9306. Inclusion of security risks in program management plans 
                            required for acquisition of major systems 
                            in National Intelligence Program.
Sec. 9307. Paid parental leave.
      Subtitle B--Office of the Director of National Intelligence

Sec. 9311. Exclusivity, consistency, and transparency in security 
                            clearance procedures.
Sec. 9312. Limitation on transfer of National Intelligence University.
Sec. 9313. Improving visibility into the security clearance process.
Sec. 9314. Making certain policies and execution plans relating to 
                            personnel clearances available to industry 
                            partners.
      Subtitle C--Inspector General of the Intelligence Community

Sec. 9321. Definitions.
Sec. 9322. Inspector General external review panel.
Sec. 9323. Harmonization of whistleblower processes and procedures.
Sec. 9324. Intelligence community oversight of agency whistleblower 
                            actions.
Sec. 9325. Report on cleared whistleblower attorneys.
                 TITLE XCIV--REPORTS AND OTHER MATTERS

Sec. 9401. Study on foreign employment of former personnel of 
                            intelligence community.
Sec. 9402. Comprehensive economic assessment of investment in key 
                            United States technologies by companies or 
                            organizations linked to China.
Sec. 9403. Analysis of and periodic briefings on major initiatives of 
                            intelligence community in artificial 
                            intelligence and machine learning.
Sec. 9404. Encouraging cooperative actions to detect and counter 
                            foreign influence operations.
Sec. 9405. Oversight of foreign influence in academia.
Sec. 9406. Director of National Intelligence report on fifth-generation 
                            wireless network technology.
Sec. 9407. Annual report by Comptroller General of the United States on 
                            cybersecurity and surveillance threats to 
                            Congress.
Sec. 9408. Director of National Intelligence assessment of foreign 
                            interference in elections.
Sec. 9409. Study on feasibility and advisability of establishing 
                            Geospatial-Intelligence Museum and learning 
                            center.
Sec. 9410. Report on death of Jamal Khashoggi.
 DIVISION G--INTELLIGENCE AUTHORIZATIONS FOR FISCAL YEARS 2018 AND 2019

Sec. 10001. Short title.
Sec. 10002. Definitions.
                   TITLE CI--INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES

Sec. 10101. Authorization of appropriations.
Sec. 10102. Classified Schedule of Authorizations.
Sec. 10103. Intelligence Community Management Account.
TITLE CII--CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE AGENCY RETIREMENT AND DISABILITY SYSTEM

Sec. 10201. Authorization of appropriations.
Sec. 10202. Computation of annuities for employees of the Central 
                            Intelligence Agency.
           TITLE CIII--GENERAL INTELLIGENCE COMMUNITY MATTERS

Sec. 10301. Restriction on conduct of intelligence activities.
Sec. 10302. Increase in employee compensation and benefits authorized 
                            by law.
Sec. 10303. Modification of special pay authority for science, 
                            technology, engineering, or mathematics 
                            positions and addition of special pay 
                            authority for cyber positions.
Sec. 10304. Modification of appointment of Chief Information Officer of 
                            the Intelligence Community.
Sec. 10305. Director of National Intelligence review of placement of 
                            positions within the intelligence community 
                            on the Executive Schedule.
Sec. 10306. Supply Chain and Counterintelligence Risk Management Task 
                            Force.
Sec. 10307. Consideration of adversarial telecommunications and 
                            cybersecurity infrastructure when sharing 
                            intelligence with foreign governments and 
                            entities.
Sec. 10308. Cyber protection support for the personnel of the 
                            intelligence community in positions highly 
                            vulnerable to cyber attack.
Sec. 10309. Modification of authority relating to management of supply-
                            chain risk.
Sec. 10310. Limitations on determinations regarding certain security 
                            classifications.
Sec. 10311. Joint Intelligence Community Council.
Sec. 10312. Intelligence community information technology environment.
Sec. 10313. Report on development of secure mobile voice solution for 
                            intelligence community.
Sec. 10314. Policy on minimum insider threat standards.
Sec. 10315. Submission of intelligence community policies.
Sec. 10316. Expansion of intelligence community recruitment efforts.
 TITLE CIV--MATTERS RELATING TO ELEMENTS OF THE INTELLIGENCE COMMUNITY

      Subtitle A--Office of the Director of National Intelligence

Sec. 10401. Authority for protection of current and former employees of 
                            the Office of the Director of National 
                            Intelligence.
Sec. 10402. Designation of the program manager-information sharing 
                            environment.
Sec. 10403. Technical modification to the executive schedule.
Sec. 10404. Chief Financial Officer of the Intelligence Community.
Sec. 10405. Chief Information Officer of the Intelligence Community.
                Subtitle B--Central Intelligence Agency

Sec. 10411. Central Intelligence Agency subsistence for personnel 
                            assigned to austere locations.
Sec. 10412. Expansion of security protective service jurisdiction of 
                            the Central Intelligence Agency.
Sec. 10413. Repeal of foreign language proficiency requirement for 
                            certain senior level positions in the 
                            Central Intelligence Agency.
     Subtitle C--Office of Intelligence and Counterintelligence of 
                          Department of Energy

Sec. 10421. Consolidation of Department of Energy Offices of 
                            Intelligence and Counterintelligence.
Sec. 10422. Repeal of Department of Energy Intelligence Executive 
                            Committee and budget reporting requirement.
                       Subtitle D--Other Elements

Sec. 10431. Plan for designation of counterintelligence component of 
                            Defense Security Service as an element of 
                            intelligence community.
Sec. 10432. Notice not required for private entities.
Sec. 10433. Framework for roles, missions, and functions of Defense 
                            Intelligence Agency.
Sec. 10434. Establishment of advisory board for National Reconnaissance 
                            Office.
Sec. 10435. Collocation of certain Department of Homeland Security 
                            personnel at field locations.
                       TITLE CV--ELECTION MATTERS

Sec. 10501. Report on cyber attacks by foreign governments against 
                            United States election infrastructure.
Sec. 10502. Review of intelligence community's posture to collect 
                            against and analyze Russian efforts to 
                            influence the Presidential election.
Sec. 10503. Assessment of foreign intelligence threats to Federal 
                            elections.
Sec. 10504. Strategy for countering Russian cyber threats to United 
                            States elections.
Sec. 10505. Assessment of significant Russian influence campaigns 
                            directed at foreign elections and 
                            referenda.
Sec. 10506. Foreign counterintelligence and cybersecurity threats to 
                            Federal election campaigns.
Sec. 10507. Information sharing with State election officials.
Sec. 10508. Notification of significant foreign cyber intrusions and 
                            active measures campaigns directed at 
                            elections for Federal offices.
Sec. 10509. Designation of counterintelligence officer to lead election 
                            security matters.
                     TITLE CVI--SECURITY CLEARANCES

Sec. 10601. Definitions.
Sec. 10602. Reports and plans relating to security clearances and 
                            background investigations.
Sec. 10603. Improving the process for security clearances.
Sec. 10604. Goals for promptness of determinations regarding security 
                            clearances.
Sec. 10605. Security Executive Agent.
Sec. 10606. Report on unified, simplified, Governmentwide standards for 
                            positions of trust and security clearances.
Sec. 10607. Report on clearance in person concept.
Sec. 10608. Budget request documentation on funding for background 
                            investigations.
Sec. 10609. Reports on reciprocity for security clearances inside of 
                            departments and agencies.
Sec. 10610. Intelligence community reports on security clearances.
Sec. 10611. Periodic report on positions in the intelligence community 
                            that can be conducted without access to 
                            classified information, networks, or 
                            facilities.
Sec. 10612. Information sharing program for positions of trust and 
                            security clearances.
Sec. 10613. Report on protections for confidentiality of whistleblower-
                            related communications.
                 TITLE CVII--REPORTS AND OTHER MATTERS

    Subtitle A--Matters Relating to Russia and Other Foreign Powers

Sec. 10701. Limitation relating to establishment or support of 
                            cybersecurity unit with the Russian 
                            Federation.
Sec. 10702. Report on returning Russian compounds.
Sec. 10703. Assessment of threat finance relating to Russia.
Sec. 10704. Notification of an active measures campaign.
Sec. 10705. Notification of travel by accredited diplomatic and 
                            consular personnel of the Russian 
                            Federation in the United States.
Sec. 10706. Report on outreach strategy addressing threats from United 
                            States adversaries to the United States 
                            technology sector.
Sec. 10707. Report on Iranian support of proxy forces in Syria and 
                            Lebanon.
Sec. 10708. Annual report on Iranian expenditures supporting foreign 
                            military and terrorist activities.
Sec. 10709. Expansion of scope of committee to counter active measures 
                            and report on establishment of Foreign 
                            Malign Influence Center.
                          Subtitle B--Reports

Sec. 10711. Technical correction to Inspector General study.
Sec. 10712. Reports on authorities of the Chief Intelligence Officer of 
                            the Department of Homeland Security.
Sec. 10713. Report on cyber exchange program.
Sec. 10714. Review of intelligence community whistleblower matters.
Sec. 10715. Report on role of Director of National Intelligence with 
                            respect to certain foreign investments.
Sec. 10716. Report on surveillance by foreign governments against 
                            United States telecommunications networks.
Sec. 10717. Biennial report on foreign investment risks.
Sec. 10718. Modification of certain reporting requirement on travel of 
                            foreign diplomats.
Sec. 10719. Semiannual reports on investigations of unauthorized 
                            disclosures of classified information.
Sec. 10720. Congressional notification of designation of covered 
                            intelligence officer as persona non grata.
Sec. 10721. Reports on intelligence community participation in 
                            vulnerabilities equities process of Federal 
                            Government.
Sec. 10722. Inspectors General reports on classification.
Sec. 10723. Reports on global water insecurity and national security 
                            implications and briefing on emerging 
                            infectious disease and pandemics.
Sec. 10724. Annual report on memoranda of understanding between 
                            elements of intelligence community and 
                            other entities of the United States 
                            Government regarding significant 
                            operational activities or policy.
Sec. 10725. Study on the feasibility of encrypting unclassified 
                            wireline and wireless telephone calls.
Sec. 10726. Modification of requirement for annual report on hiring and 
                            retention of minority employees.
Sec. 10727. Reports on intelligence community loan repayment and 
                            related programs.
Sec. 10728. Repeal of certain reporting requirements.
Sec. 10729. Inspector General of the Intelligence Community report on 
                            senior executives of the Office of the 
                            Director of National Intelligence.
Sec. 10730. Briefing on Federal Bureau of Investigation offering 
                            permanent residence to sources and 
                            cooperators.
Sec. 10731. Intelligence assessment of North Korea revenue sources.
Sec. 10732. Report on possible exploitation of virtual currencies by 
                            terrorist actors.
                       Subtitle C--Other Matters

Sec. 10741. Public Interest Declassification Board.
Sec. 10742. Securing energy infrastructure.
Sec. 10743. Bug bounty programs.
Sec. 10744. Modification of authorities relating to the National 
                            Intelligence University.
Sec. 10745. Technical and clerical amendments to the National Security 
                            Act of 1947.
Sec. 10746. Technical amendments related to the Department of Energy.
Sec. 10747. Sense of Congress on notification of certain disclosures of 
                            classified information.
Sec. 10748. Sense of Congress on consideration of espionage activities 
                            when considering whether or not to provide 
                            visas to foreign individuals to be 
                            accredited to a United Nations mission in 
                            the United States.
Sec. 10749. Sense of Congress on WikiLeaks.

SEC. 3. CONGRESSIONAL DEFENSE COMMITTEES.

    In this Act, the term ``congressional defense committees'' has the 
meaning given that term in section 101(a)(16) of title 10, United 
States Code.

SEC. 4. BUDGETARY EFFECTS OF THIS ACT.

    The budgetary effects of this Act, for the purposes of complying 
with the Statutory Pay-As-You-Go Act of 2010, shall be determined by 
reference to the latest statement titled ``Budgetary Effects of PAYGO 
Legislation'' for this Act, jointly submitted for printing in the 
Congressional Record by the Chairmen of the House and Senate Budget 
Committees, provided that such statement has been submitted prior to 
the vote on passage in the House acting first on the conference report 
or amendment between the Houses.

            DIVISION A--DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE AUTHORIZATIONS

                          TITLE I--PROCUREMENT

              Subtitle A--Authorization of Appropriations

SEC. 101. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

    Funds are hereby authorized to be appropriated for fiscal year 2020 
for procurement for the Army, the Navy and the Marine Corps, the Air 
Force, and Defense-wide activities, as specified in the funding table 
in section 4101.

                       Subtitle B--Army Programs

SEC. 111. SENSE OF SENATE ON ARMY'S APPROACH TO CAPABILITY DROPS 1 AND 
              2 OF THE DISTRIBUTED COMMON GROUND SYSTEM-ARMY PROGRAM.

    It is the sense of the Senate that--
            (1) the Senate approves of the approach of the Army to 
        Capability Drops 1 and 2 of the Distributed Common Ground 
        System-Army program, which has been in compliance with section 
        2377 of title 10, United States Code; and
            (2) the Senate encourages the Under Secretary of Defense 
        for Acquisition and Sustainment and other military departments 
        and commands in the Department of Defense to review the efforts 
        of the Army with Capability Drops 1 and 2 to inform future 
        decisions about how to integrate commercial technology into the 
        Distributed Common Ground System Enterprise and other national 
        security systems.

SEC. 112. AUTHORITY OF THE SECRETARY OF THE ARMY TO WAIVE CERTAIN 
              LIMITATIONS RELATED TO THE DISTRIBUTED COMMON GROUND 
              SYSTEM-ARMY INCREMENT 1.

    Section 113(d) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328; 130 Stat. 2028) is amended by striking 
``Secretary of Defense'' both places it appears and inserting 
``Secretary of the Army''.

                       Subtitle C--Navy Programs

SEC. 121. MODIFICATION OF PROHIBITION ON AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS FOR NAVY 
              WATERBORNE SECURITY BARRIERS.

    Section 130 of the John S. McCain National Defense Authorization 
Act for Fiscal Year 2019 (Public Law 115-232) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a) by striking ``for fiscal year 2019 
        may be obligated or expended to procure legacy waterborne 
        security barriers for Navy ports'' and inserting ``for fiscal 
        year 2019 or fiscal year 2020 may be obligated or expended to 
        procure legacy waterborne security barriers for Navy ports, 
        including as replacements for legacy barriers''; and
            (2) by adding at the end the following new subsection:
    ``(d) Notification.--Not later than 15 days after an exception is 
made pursuant to subsection (c)(2), the Secretary of the Navy shall 
submit a written notification to the congressional defense committees 
that includes--
            ``(1) the name and position of the government official who 
        determined exigent circumstances exist;
            ``(2) a description of the exigent circumstances; and
            ``(3) a description of how waterborne security will be 
        maintained until new waterborne security barriers are procured 
        and installed.''.

SEC. 122. CAPABILITIES BASED ASSESSMENT FOR NAVAL VESSELS THAT CARRY 
              FIXED-WING AIRCRAFT.

    (a) In General.--Not later than 30 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of the Navy shall initiate a 
capabilities based assessment to begin the process of identifying 
requirements for the naval vessels that will carry fixed-wing aircraft 
following the ships designated CVN-81 and LHA-9.
    (b) Elements.--The assessment shall--
            (1) conform with the Joint Capabilities Integration and 
        Development System, including Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of 
        Staff Instruction 5123.01H; and
            (2) consider options for the vessels described under 
        subsection (a) that would enable greater commonality and 
        interoperability of naval aircraft embarked on such naval 
        vessels, including aircraft arresting gear and launch 
        catapults.
    (c) Notification Requirement.--Not later than 15 days after 
initiating the assessment required under subsection (a), the Secretary 
of the Navy shall notify the congressional defense committees of such 
action and the associated schedule for completing the assessment and 
generating an Initial Capabilities Document.

SEC. 123. FORD-CLASS AIRCRAFT CARRIER COST LIMITATION BASELINES.

    (a) In General.--Chapter 633 of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended by adding at the end the following new section:
``Sec. 8692. Ford-class aircraft carrier cost limitation baselines
    ``(a) Limitation.--The total amounts obligated or expended from 
funds authorized to be appropriated or otherwise made available for 
Shipbuilding and Conversion, Navy, or for any other procurement 
account, may not exceed the following amounts for the following 
aircraft carriers:
            ``(1) $13,027,000,000 for the construction of the aircraft 
        carrier designated CVN-78.
            ``(2) $11,398,000,000 for the construction of the aircraft 
        carrier designated CVN-79.
            ``(3) $12,202,000,000 for the construction of the aircraft 
        carrier designated CVN-80.
            ``(4) $12,451,000,000 for the construction of the aircraft 
        carrier designated CVN-81.
    ``(b) Adjustment of Limitation Amount.--The Secretary of the Navy 
may adjust an amount set forth in subsection (a) by the following:
            ``(1) The amounts of increases or decreases in costs 
        attributable to economic inflation after September 30, 2019.
            ``(2) The amounts of increases or decreases in costs 
        attributable to compliance with changes in Federal, State, or 
        local laws enacted after September 30, 2019.
            ``(3) The amounts of outfitting costs and post-delivery 
        costs incurred for that ship.
            ``(4) The amounts of increases or decreases in costs of 
        that ship that are attributable to insertion of new technology 
        into that ship, as compared to the technology baseline as it 
        was defined prior to October 1, 2019.
            ``(5) The amounts of increases or decreases to cost 
        required to correct deficiencies that may affect the safety of 
        the ship and personnel or otherwise preclude the ship from safe 
        operations and crew certification.
            ``(6) With respect to the aircraft carrier designated as 
        CVN-78, the amounts of increases or decreases in costs of that 
        ship that are attributable solely to an urgent and unforeseen 
        requirement identified as a result of the shipboard test 
        program.
            ``(7) With respect to the aircraft carrier designated as 
        CVN-79, the amounts of increases not exceeding $100,000,000 if 
        the Chief of Naval Operations determines that achieving the 
        amount set forth in subsection (a)(2) would result in 
        unacceptable reductions to the operational capability of the 
        ship.
    ``(c) Limitation on Technology Insertion Cost Adjustment.--The 
Secretary of the Navy may use the authority under paragraph (4) of 
subsection (b) to adjust the amount set forth in subsection (a) for a 
ship referred to in that subsection with respect to insertion of new 
technology into that ship only if--
            ``(1) the Secretary determines, and certifies to the 
        congressional defense committees, that insertion of the new 
        technology would lower the life-cycle cost of the ship; or
            ``(2) the Secretary determines, and certifies to the 
        congressional defense committees, that insertion of the new 
        technology is required to meet an emerging threat and the 
        Secretary of Defense certifies to those committees that such 
        threat poses grave harm to national security.
    ``(d) Limitation on Shipboard Test Program Cost Adjustment.--The 
Secretary of the Navy may use the authority under paragraph (6) of 
subsection (b) to adjust the amount set forth in subsection (a) for the 
aircraft carrier designated CVN-78 for reasons relating to an urgent 
and unforeseen requirement identified as a result of the shipboard test 
program only if--
            ``(1) the Secretary determines, and certifies to the 
        congressional defense committees, that such requirement was not 
        known before the date of the submittal to Congress of the 
        budget for fiscal year 2020 (as submitted pursuant to section 
        1105 of title 31, United States Code);
            ``(2) the Secretary determines, and certifies to the 
        congressional defense committees, that waiting on an action by 
        Congress to raise the cost cap specified in subsection (a)(1) 
        to account for such requirement will result in a delay in the 
        date of initial operating capability of that ship; and
            ``(3) the Secretary submits to the congressional defense 
        committees a report setting forth a description of such 
        requirement before the obligation of additional funds pursuant 
        to such authority.
    ``(e) Exclusion of Battle and Interim Spares From Cost 
Limitation.--The Secretary of the Navy shall exclude from the 
determination of the amounts set forth in subsection (a), the costs of 
the following items:
            ``(1) CVN-78 class battle spares.
            ``(2) Interim spares.
    ``(f) Written Notice of Change in Amount.--The Secretary of the 
Navy shall submit to the congressional defense committees written 
notice of any change in the amount set forth in subsection (a) 
determined to be associated with a cost covered in subsection (b) not 
less than 30 days prior to making such change.''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning of 
such chapter is amended by inserting after the item relating to section 
8691 the following new item:

``Sec.  8692. Ford-class aircraft carrier cost limitation baselines.''.
    (c) Repeal of Superseded Provision.--Section 122 of the John Warner 
National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2007 (Public Law 
109-364; 120 Stat. 2104) is repealed.

SEC. 124. DESIGN AND CONSTRUCTION OF AMPHIBIOUS TRANSPORT DOCK 
              DESIGNATED LPD-31.

    (a) In General.--The Secretary of the Navy may enter into a 
contract for the design and construction of the amphibious transport 
dock designated LPD-31 using amounts authorized to be appropriated for 
the Department of Defense for Shipbuilding and Conversion, Navy.
    (b) Use of Incremental Funding.--With respect to the contract 
entered into under subsection (a), the Secretary may use incremental 
funding to make payments under the contract with amounts authorized to 
be appropriated in fiscal years 2019, 2020, and 2021.
    (c)  Condition for Out-year Contract Payments.--The contract 
entered into under subsection (a) shall provide that any obligation of 
the United States to make a payment under such contract for any fiscal 
year after fiscal year 2020 is subject to the availability of 
appropriations for that purpose for such fiscal year.

SEC. 125. LHA REPLACEMENT AMPHIBIOUS ASSAULT SHIP PROGRAM.

    (a) Authority to Use Incremental Funding.--The Secretary of the 
Navy may enter into and incrementally fund a contract for detail design 
and construction of the LHA replacement ship designated LHA 9 and, 
subject to subsection (b), funds for payments under the contract may be 
provided from amounts authorized to be appropriated for the Department 
of Defense for Shipbuilding and Conversion, Navy, for fiscal years 2019 
through 2025.
    (b) Condition for Out-year Contract Payments.--A contract entered 
into under subsection (a) shall provide that any obligation of the 
United States to make a payment under the contract for any subsequent 
fiscal year is subject to the availability of appropriations for that 
purpose for such subsequent fiscal year.
    (c) Repeal of Obsolete Authority.--Section 125 of the John Warner 
National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2007 (Public Law 
109-364; 120 Stat. 2106) is repealed.

SEC. 126. LIMITATION ON AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS FOR THE LITTORAL COMBAT 
              SHIP.

    (a) Limitation.--None of the amounts authorized to be appropriated 
by this Act or otherwise made available for the Department of Defense 
for fiscal year 2020 may be used to exceed the total procurement 
quantity listed in revision five of the Littoral Combat Ship 
acquisition strategy unless the Under Secretary of Defense for 
Acquisition and Sustainment submits to the congressional defense 
committees the certification described in subsection (b).
    (b) Certification.--The certification described in this subsection 
is a certification by the Under Secretary that awarding a contract for 
the procurement of a Littoral Combat Ship that exceeds the total 
procurement quantity listed in revision five of the Littoral Combat 
Ship acquisition strategy--
            (1) is in the national security interests of the United 
        States;
            (2) will not result in exceeding the low-rate initial 
        production quantity approved in the Littoral Combat Ship 
        acquisition strategy in effect as of the date of the 
        certification; and
            (3) is necessary to maintain a full and open competition 
        for the Guided Missile Frigate (FFG(X)) with a single source 
        award in fiscal year 2020.
    (c) Definition.--The term ``revision five of the Littoral Combat 
Ship acquisition strategy'' means the fifth revision of the Littoral 
Combat Ship acquisition strategy approved by the Under Secretary of 
Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment on March 26, 2018.

SEC. 127. LIMITATION ON THE NEXT NEW CLASS OF NAVY LARGE SURFACE 
              COMBATANTS.

    (a) In General.--Milestone B approval may not be granted for the 
next new class of Navy large surface combatants unless the class of 
Navy large surface combatants incorporates prior to such approval--
            (1) design changes identified during the full duration of 
        the combat system ship qualification trials and operational 
        test periods of the first Arleigh Burke-class destroyer in the 
        Flight III configuration to complete such events; and
            (2) final results of test programs of engineering 
        development models or prototypes for critical systems specified 
        by the Senior Technical Authority pursuant to section 8669b of 
        title 10, United States Code, as added by section 1017 of this 
        Act, in their final form, fit, and function and in a realistic 
        environment, which shall include a land-based engineering site 
        if the propulsion system will utilize integrated electric power 
        technology, including electric drive propulsion.
    (b) Limitation.--The Secretary of the Navy may not release a detail 
design or construction request for proposals or obligate funds from the 
Shipbuilding and Conversion, Navy account for the next new class of 
Navy large surface combatants until the class of Navy large surface 
combatants receives Milestone B approval and the milestone decision 
authority notifies the congressional defense committees, in writing, of 
the actions taken to comply with the requirements under subsection (a).
    (c) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) The term ``Milestone B approval'' has the meaning given 
        the term in section 2366(e)(7) of title 10, United States Code.
            (2) The term ``milestone decision authority'' means the 
        official within the Department of Defense designated with the 
        overall responsibility and authority for acquisition decisions 
        for the program, including authority to approve entry of the 
        program into the next phase of the acquisition process.
            (3) The term ``large surface combatants'' means Navy 
        surface ships that are designed primarily to engage in attacks 
        against airborne, surface, subsurface, and shore targets, 
        excluding frigates and littoral combat ships.

SEC. 128. REFUELING AND COMPLEX OVERHAULS OF THE U.S.S. JOHN C. STENNIS 
              AND U.S.S. HARRY S. TRUMAN.

    (a) Refueling and Complex Overhaul.--The Secretary of the Navy 
shall carry out the nuclear refueling and complex overhaul of the 
U.S.S. John C. Stennis (CVN-74) and U.S.S. Harry S. Truman (CVN-75).
    (b) Use of Incremental Funding.--With respect to any contract 
entered into under subsection (a) for the nuclear refueling and complex 
overhauls of the U.S.S. John C. Stennis (CVN-74) and U.S.S. Harry S. 
Truman (CVN-75), the Secretary may use incremental funding for a period 
not to exceed six years after advance procurement funds for such 
nuclear refueling and complex overhaul effort are first obligated.
    (c) Condition for Out-year Contract Payments.--Any contract entered 
into under subsection (a) shall provide that any obligation of the 
United States to make a payment under the contract for a fiscal year 
after fiscal year 2020 is subject to the availability of appropriations 
for that purpose for that later fiscal year.

SEC. 129. REPORT ON CARRIER WING COMPOSITION.

    (a) In General.--Not later than May 1, 2020, the Secretary of the 
Navy shall submit to the congressional defense committees a report on 
the optimal composition of the carrier air wing in 2030 and 2040, 
including alternative force design concepts.
    (b) Elements.--The report required under subsection (a) shall 
include the following elements:
            (1) Analysis and justification for the Navy's stated goal 
        of a 50/50 mix of 4th and 5th generation aircraft for 2030.
            (2) Analysis and justification for an optimal mix of 
        carrier aircraft for 2040.
            (3) A plan for incorporating unmanned aerial vehicles and 
        associated communication capabilities to effectively implement 
        the future force design.
    (c) Briefing.--Not later than March 1, 2020, the Secretary of the 
Navy shall provide the congressional defense committees a briefing on 
the report required under subsection (a).

                     Subtitle D--Air Force Programs

SEC. 141. REQUIREMENT TO ALIGN AIR FORCE FIGHTER FORCE STRUCTURE WITH 
              NATIONAL DEFENSE STRATEGY AND REPORTS.

    (a) Required Submission of Strategy.--Not later than March 1, 2020, 
the Secretary of the Air Force shall submit to the congressional 
defense committees a fighter force structure acquisition strategy that 
is aligned with the results of the reports submitted under subtitle D 
of title I of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 
2018 (Public Law 115-91) and the Air Force's stated requirements to 
meet the National Defense Strategy.
    (b) Alignment With Strategy.--The Secretary of the Air Force may 
not deviate from the strategy submitted under subsection (a) until--
            (1) the Secretary receives a waiver and justification from 
        the Secretary of Defense; and
            (2) 30 days after notifying the congressional defense 
        committees of the proposed deviation.

SEC. 142. REQUIREMENT TO ESTABLISH THE USE OF AN AGILE DEVOPS SOFTWARE 
              DEVELOPMENT SOLUTION AS AN ALTERNATIVE FOR JOINT STRIKE 
              FIGHTER AUTONOMIC LOGISTICS INFORMATION SYSTEM.

    (a) Establishment of an Alternative Agile DevOps Software 
Development Program.--The Secretary of Defense shall establish a 
software development activity using Agile DevOps to create an 
alternative solution for the Joint Strike Fighter Autonomic Logistics 
Information System (ALIS).
    (b) Competitive Analysis.--The Secretary of Defense shall carry out 
a competitive analysis of the efforts between Autonomic Logistics 
Information System, Autonomic Logistics Information System-Next, and 
Madhatter, including with respect to transition opportunities and 
timelines.
    (c) Briefing.--Not later than September 30, 2020, the Secretary of 
Defense, in consultation with the Secretary of the Air Force, shall 
provide the congressional defense committees a briefing on the findings 
of the Secretary of Defense with respect to the competitive analysis 
carried out under subsection (b).

SEC. 143. REPORT ON FEASIBILITY OF MULTIYEAR CONTRACT FOR PROCUREMENT 
              OF JASSM-ER MISSILES.

    (a) In General.--Not later than March 31, 2020, the Secretary of 
the Air Force shall submit a report to the congressional defense 
committees assessing the feasibility of entering into a multiyear 
contract for procurement of JASSM-ER missiles starting in fiscal year 
2022.
    (b) Elements.--The report required under subsection (a) shall 
include the following elements:
            (1) An initial assessment of cost savings to the Air Force 
        from a multiyear contract.
            (2) An analysis of at least two different multiyear 
        contract options that vary in either duration or quantity, at 
        least one of which assumes a maximum procurement of 550 
        missiles per year for 5 years.
            (3) An assessment of how a multiyear contract will impact 
        the industrial base.
            (4) An assessment of how a multiyear contract will impact 
        the Long Range Anti-Ship Missile.
            (5) An assessment of how a multiyear contract will impact 
        the ability of the Air Force to develop additional capabilities 
        for the JASSM-ER missile.

SEC. 144. AIR FORCE AGGRESSOR SQUADRON MODERNIZATION.

    (a) Sense of Congress.--It is the sense of Congress that--
            (1) it is critical that the Air Force has the capability to 
        train against an advanced air adversary in order to be prepared 
        for conflicts against a modern enemy force, and that in order 
        to have this capability, the Air Force must have access to an 
        advanced adversary force prior to United States adversaries 
        fielding a 5th-generation operational capability; and
            (2) the Air Force's plan to use low-rate initial production 
        F-35As as aggressor aircraft reflects a recognition of the need 
        to field a modernized aggressor fleet.
    (b) Report.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary of the Air Force may not 
        transfer any low-rate initial production F-35 aircraft for use 
        as aggressor aircraft until the Chief of Staff of the Air Force 
        submits to the congressional defense committees a comprehensive 
        plan and report on the strategy for modernizing its organic 
        aggressor fleet.
            (2) Elements.--The report required under paragraph (1) 
        shall include the following elements:
                    (A) Potential locations for F-35A aggressor 
                aircraft, including an analysis of installations that--
                            (i) have the size and availability of 
                        airspace necessary to meet flying operations 
                        requirements;
                            (ii) have sufficient capacity and 
                        availability of range space;
                            (iii) are capable of hosting advanced-
                        threat training exercises; and
                            (iv) meet or require minimal addition to 
                        the environmental requirements associated with 
                        the basing action.
                    (B) An analysis of the potential cost and benefits 
                of expanding aggressor squadrons currently operating 18 
                Primary Assigned Aircraft (PAA) to a level of 24 PAA 
                each.
                    (C) An analysis of the cost and timelines 
                associated with modernizing the current Air Force 
                aggressor squadrons to include upgrading aircraft 
                radar, infrared search-and-track systems, radar warning 
                receiver, tactical datalink, threat-representative 
                jamming pods, and other upgrades necessary to provide a 
                realistic advanced adversary threat.

SEC. 145. AIR FORCE PLAN FOR COMBAT RESCUE HELICOPTER FIELDING.

    (a) Sense of Congress.--It is the sense of Congress that, given 
delays to Operational Loss Replacement (OLR) program fielding and the 
on-time fielding of Combat Rescue Helicopter (CRH), the Air National 
Guard should retain additional HH-60G helicopters at Air National Guard 
locations to meet their recommended primary aircraft authorized (PAA) 
per the Air Force's June 2018 report on Air National Guard HH-60 
requirements.
    (b) Report on Fielding Plan.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than 45 days after the date of 
        the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of the Air Force shall 
        submit to the congressional defense committees a report on its 
        fielding plan for the CRH program.
            (2) Elements.--The report required under paragraph (1) 
        shall include the following elements:
                    (A) A description of the differences in 
                capabilities between the HH-60G, OLR, and CRH 
                helicopters.
                    (B) A description of the costs and risks associated 
                with changing the CRH fielding plan to reduce or 
                eliminate inventory shortfalls.
                    (C) A description of the measures for accelerating 
                the program available within the current contract.
                    (D) A description of the operational risks and 
                benefits associated with fielding the CRH to the active 
                component first, including--
                            (i) how the differing fielding plan may 
                        affect deployment schedules;
                            (ii) what capabilities active-component 
                        units deploying with the CRH will have that 
                        reserve component units deploying with OLR will 
                        not; and
                            (iii) an analysis of the potential costs 
                        and benefits that could result from 
                        accelerating CRH fielding to all units through 
                        additional funding in the future years defense 
                        program.
    (c) Report on Training Plan.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than 45 days after the date of 
        the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of the Air Force shall 
        submit to the congressional defense committees a report on the 
        plan to sustain training for initial-entry reserve component 
        HH-60G pilots once the active component of the Air Force has 
        received all of its CRH helicopters.
            (2) Elements.--The report required under paragraph (1) 
        shall include the following elements:
                    (A) Projected reserve component aircrew initial HH-
                60G/OLR qualification training requirements, by year.
                    (B) The number of legacy HH-60G/OLR helicopters 
                required to continue providing initial HH-60G 
                qualification training through the 150th Special 
                Operations Wing at Kirtland Air Force Base.
                    (C) The number of personnel required to continue 
                providing initial HH-60G/OLR qualification training 
                through the 150th Special Operations Wing at Kirtland 
                Air Force Base.
                    (D) The number of flying hours required per pilot 
                to perform ``differences training'' at home station for 
                initial entry HH-60 pilots receiving CRH training at 
                Kirtland Air Force Base to become qualified in the HH-
                60G/OLR at their home station.
                    (E) The projected effect of using local flying 
                training hours at reserve component units on overall 
                unit training readiness and ability to meet Ready 
                Aircrew Program requirements.

SEC. 146. MILITARY TYPE CERTIFICATION FOR AT-6 AND A-29 LIGHT ATTACK 
              EXPERIMENTATION AIRCRAFT.

    The Secretary of the Air Force shall conduct a military type 
certification for the AT-6 and A-29 light attack experimentation 
aircraft pursuant to the DoD Directive on Military Type Certificates, 
5030.61.

       Subtitle E--Defense-wide, Joint, and Multiservice Matters

SEC. 151. LIMITATION ON AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS FOR COMMUNICATIONS 
              SYSTEMS LACKING CERTAIN RESILIENCY FEATURES.

    (a) In General.--Except as provided under subsection (b), none of 
the funds authorized to be appropriated by this Act or otherwise made 
available for the Department of Defense for fiscal year 2020 may be 
used for the procurement of a current or future Department of Defense 
communication program of record unless the communications equipment--
            (1) provides the ability to deny geolocation of a 
        transmission that would allow enemy targeting of the force;
            (2) provides the ability to securely communicate classified 
        information in a jamming environment of like-echelon forces; 
        and
            (3) utilizes a waveform that is made available in the 
        Department of Defense Waveform Information Repository.
    (b) Waiver.--The Secretary of a military department may waive the 
requirement under subsection (a) with respect to a communications 
system upon certifying to the congressional defense committees that the 
system will not require resiliency due to its expected use.

SEC. 152. F-35 SUSTAINMENT COST.

    (a) Quarterly Report.--The Under Secretary of Defense for 
Acquisition and Sustainment shall include in the quarterly report 
required under section 155 of the John S. McCain National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2019 (Public Law 115-232)--
            (1) sustainment cost data related to the F-35 program, 
        including a comparison in itemized format of the cost of legacy 
        aircraft and the cost of the F-35 program, based on a 
        standardized set of criteria; and
            (2) a progress report on the extent to which the goals 
        developed pursuant to subsection (b) are being achieved.
    (b) Cost Reduction Plan.--
            (1) In general.--The Under Secretary of Defense for 
        Acquisition and Sustainment shall develop a plan for achieving 
        significant reductions in the cost to operate and maintain the 
        F-35 aircraft.
            (2) Elements.--The plan required under paragraph (1) shall 
        include the following elements:
                    (A) Specific changes in the management of operation 
                and support (O&S) cost to engender continuous process 
                improvement.
                    (B) Specific actions the Department will implement 
                in the near term to reduce O&S cost.
                    (C) Concrete timelines for implementing the 
                specific actions and process changes.
            (3) Report.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
        enactment of this Act, the Under Secretary shall submit to the 
        congressional defense committees a report on the baseline plan 
        for achieving operation and support cost savings.

SEC. 153. ECONOMIC ORDER QUANTITY CONTRACTING AUTHORITY FOR F-35 JOINT 
              STRIKE FIGHTER PROGRAM.

    The Secretary of Defense is authorized to award multiyear contracts 
for the procurement of F-35 aircraft in economic order quantities for 
fiscal year 2021 (Lot 15) through fiscal year 2023 (Lot 17).

SEC. 154. REPEAL OF TACTICAL UNMANNED VEHICLE COMMON DATA LINK 
              REQUIREMENT.

    Section 141 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 2006 (Public Law 109-163; 119 Stat. 3163) is hereby repealed.

         TITLE II--RESEARCH, DEVELOPMENT, TEST, AND EVALUATION

              Subtitle A--Authorization of Appropriations

SEC. 201. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

    Funds are hereby authorized to be appropriated for fiscal year 2020 
for the use of the Department of Defense for research, development, 
test, and evaluation, as specified in the funding table in section 
4201.

    Subtitle B--Program Requirements, Restrictions, and Limitations

SEC. 211. DEVELOPMENT AND ACQUISITION STRATEGY TO PROCURE SECURE, LOW 
              PROBABILITY OF DETECTION DATA LINK NETWORK CAPABILITY.

    (a) Strategy Required.--Not later than March 1, 2020, the Chief of 
Staff of the Air Force and Chief of Naval Operations shall jointly 
submit to the congressional defense committees a joint development and 
acquisition strategy to procure a secure, low probability of detection 
data link network capability, with the ability to effectively operate 
in hostile jamming environments while preserving the low observability 
characteristics of the relevant platforms, including both existing and 
planned platforms.
    (b) Network Characteristics.--The data link network capability to 
be procured pursuant to the development and acquisition strategy 
submitted under subsection (a) shall--
            (1) ensure that any network made with such capability will 
        be low risk and affordable, with minimal impact or change to 
        existing host platforms and minimal overall integration costs;
            (2) use a non-proprietary and open systems approach 
        compatible with the Rapid Capabilities Office Open Mission 
        Systems initiative of the Air Force and the Future Airborne 
        Capability Environment initiative of the Navy; and
            (3) provide for an architecture to connect, with 
        operationally relevant throughput and latency--
                    (A) fifth-generation combat aircraft;
                    (B) fifth-generation and fourth-generation combat 
                aircraft;
                    (C) fifth-generation and fourth-generation combat 
                aircraft and appropriate support aircraft and other 
                network nodes for command, control, communications, 
                intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance 
                purposes; and
                    (D) fifth-generation and fourth-generation combat 
                aircraft and their associated network-enabled precision 
                weapons.
    (c) Limitation.--Of the funds authorized to be appropriated by this 
Act or otherwise made available for fiscal year 2020 for operation and 
maintenance for the Office of the Secretary of the Air Force and for 
operations and maintenance for the Office of the Secretary of the Navy, 
not more than 50 percent may be obligated or expended until the date 
that is 15 days after the date on which the Chief of Staff of the Air 
Force and Chief of Naval Operations submit the development and 
acquisition strategy required by subsection (a).

SEC. 212. ESTABLISHMENT OF SECURE NEXT-GENERATION WIRELESS NETWORK (5G) 
              INFRASTRUCTURE FOR THE NEVADA TEST AND TRAINING RANGE AND 
              BASE INFRASTRUCTURE.

    (a) Establishment Required.--Not later than one year after the date 
of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall establish 
secure fifth-generation wireless network components and capabilities at 
no fewer than two Department of Defense installations in accordance 
with this section.
    (b) First Installation.--
            (1) Location.--The Secretary shall establish components and 
        capabilities under subsection (a) at the Nevada Test and 
        Training Range, which shall serve as the Department's Major 
        Range and Test Facility Base (MRTFB) for fifth-generation 
        wireless networking.
            (2) Objective.--The Secretary shall ensure that the 
        establishment of components and capabilities under subsection 
        (a) at the range described in paragraph (1) of this subsection 
        will allow the Department to explore and demonstrate the 
        utility of using fifth-generation wireless networking 
        technology to enhance combat operations.
            (3) Purpose.--The purpose of the establishment of 
        components and capabilities under subsection (a) at the range 
        described in paragraph (1) of this subsection is to demonstrate 
        the following:
                    (A) The potential military utility of high 
                bandwidth, scalable, and low latency fifth-generation 
                wireless networking technology.
                    (B) Advanced security technology that is applicable 
                to fifth-generation networks as well as legacy 
                Department command and control networks.
                    (C) Secure interoperability with fixed and wireless 
                systems (legacy and future systems).
                    (D) Enhancements such as spectrum and waveform 
                diversity, frequency hopping and spreading, and beam 
                forming for military requirements.
                    (E) Technology for dynamic network slicing for 
                specific use cases and applications requiring varying 
                levels of latency, scale, and throughput.
                    (F) Technology for dynamic spectrum sharing and 
                network isolation.
    (c) Second and Additional Installations.--
            (1) Location.--The location of the second and any 
        additional installations for establishment of components and 
        capabilities under subsection (a) shall be at such Department 
        installation or installations as the Secretary considers 
        appropriate for the purpose set forth in paragraph (2) of this 
        subsection.
            (2) Purposes.--The purpose of the second and any additional 
        installations for establishment of components and capabilities 
        under subsection (a) is to explore and demonstrate 
        infrastructure implementations of the following:
                    (A) Base infrastructure installation of high 
                bandwidth, scalable, and low latency fifth-generation 
                wireless networking technology.
                    (B) Applications for secure fifth-generation 
                wireless network capabilities for the Department, such 
                as the following:
                            (i) Interactive augmented reality or 
                        synthetic training environments.
                            (ii) Internet of things devices.
                            (iii) Autonomous systems.
                            (iv) Advanced manufacturing through the 
                        following:
                                    (I) Department-sponsored centers 
                                for manufacturing innovation (as 
                                defined in section 34(c) of the 
                                National Institute of Standards and 
                                Technology Act (15 U.S.C. 278s(c))).
                                    (II) Department research and 
                                development organizations.
                                    (III) Manufacturers in the defense 
                                industrial base of the United States.

SEC. 213. LIMITATION AND REPORT ON INDIRECT FIRE PROTECTION CAPABILITY 
              INCREMENT 2 ENDURING CAPABILITY.

    (a) Limitation and Report.--None of the funds authorized to be 
appropriated by this Act or otherwise made available for fiscal year 
2020 for the Army may be obligated or expended for research, 
development, test, and evaluation for the Indirect Fire Protection 
Capability Increment 2 enduring capability until the Secretary of the 
Army submits to the congressional defense committees a report on the 
Indirect Fire Protection Capability Increment 2 program that contains 
the following:
            (1) An assessment of whether the requirements previously 
        established for the program meet the anticipated threat at the 
        time of planned initial operating capability and fully 
        operating capability.
            (2) A list of candidate systems considered to meet the 
        Indirect Fire Protection Capability Increment 2 requirement, 
        including those fielded or in development by the Army, the 
        Missile Defense Agency, and other elements of the Department of 
        Defense.
            (3) An assessment of each candidate system's capability 
        against representative threats.
            (4) An assessment of other relevant specifications of each 
        candidate system, including cost of development, cost per round 
        if applicable, technological maturity, and logistics and 
        sustainment.
            (5) A plan for how the Army will integrate the chosen 
        system or systems into the Integrated Air and Missile Defense 
        Battle Command System.
    (b) Certification Required.--Not later than 10 days after the date 
on which the President submits the annual budget request of the 
President for fiscal year 2021 pursuant to section 1105 of title 31, 
United States Code, the Secretary of the Army shall, without 
delegation, submit to the congressional defense committees a 
certification that identifies a program of record contained within that 
budget request that will meet the requirement in Department of Defense 
Directive 5100.01 to conduct air and missile defense to support joint 
campaigns as it applies to defense against supersonic cruise missiles.

SEC. 214. ELECTROMAGNETIC SPECTRUM SHARING RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT 
              PROGRAM.

    (a) Program Establishment.--The Secretary of Defense, in 
consultation with the Administrator of the National Telecommunications 
and Information Administration, and the Federal Communications 
Commission shall jointly establish an electromagnetic spectrum sharing 
research and development program to promote the establishment of 
innovative technologies and techniques to facilitate electromagnetic 
spectrum sharing between fifth-generation wireless networking 
technologies, Federal systems, and other non-Federal incumbent systems.
    (b) Establishment of Test Beds.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
        the enactment of this Act, the Secretary, in coordination with 
        the Administrator and the Commission, shall, as part of the 
        program established under subsection (a), establish at least 
        two test beds to demonstrate the potential for cohabitation 
        between fifth-generation wireless networking technologies, 
        other incumbent non-Federal systems, and Federal systems.
            (2) Co-location of test beds.--The test beds established 
        under paragraph (1) may be co-located, if a single geographic 
        location can provide a sufficient diversity of Federal systems. 
        If not, test beds established under this subsection shall 
        coordinate to share results and best practices identified in 
        each location.
    (c) Development of Department of Defense Integrated Spectrum 
Automation Enterprise Strategy.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than May 1, 2020, the Secretary 
        and the Administrator of the National Telecommunications and 
        Information Administration, in consultation with the Federal 
        Communications Commission, shall jointly propose an integrated 
        spectrum automation enterprise strategy for the Department of 
        Defense to address management of electromagnetic spectrum, 
        including both Federal and non-Federal spectrum that is shared 
        by the Department of Defense or could be used for national 
        security missions in the future, including on a shared basis.
            (2) Matters encompassed.--The strategy developed under 
        subparagraph (A) shall encompass cloud-based databases, 
        artificial intelligence, system certification processes, public 
        facing application programming interfaces and online tools, and 
        electromagnetic spectrum compatibility analyses for sharing of 
        electromagnetic spectrum.
    (d) Periodic Briefings.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
the enactment of this Act and not less frequently than once every 180 
days thereafter until the Secretary submits the report required by 
subsection (e), the Secretary, in consultation with the Administrator 
and the Commission, shall brief the appropriate committees of Congress 
on the progress of the test beds established under subsection (b).
    (e) Report.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than October 1, 2022, the 
        Secretary, in consultation with the Administrator and the 
        Commission, shall submit to the appropriate committees of 
        Congress a report on the results of the test beds established 
        under subsection (b).
            (2) Recommendations.--The report submitted under paragraph 
        (1) shall include recommendations to facilitate sharing 
        frameworks in the bands of electromagnetic spectrum that are 
        the subject of the test beds.
    (f) Appropriate Committees of Congress.--In this subsection, the 
term ``appropriate committees of Congress'' means--
            (1) the Committee on Armed Services and the Committee on 
        Commerce, Science, and Transportation of the Senate; and
            (2) the Committee on Armed Services and the Committee on 
        Energy and Commerce of the House of Representatives.

SEC. 215. SENSE OF THE SENATE ON THE ADVANCED BATTLE MANAGEMENT SYSTEM.

    It is the sense of the Senate that--
            (1) the Senate supports the vision of the Air Force for the 
        Advanced Battle Management System (ABMS) as a system of systems 
        that can integrate air, space, and other systems to detect, 
        track, target, and direct effects against threats in all 
        domains;
            (2) such a capability will be essential to the ability of 
        the Air Force to operate effectively as part, and in support, 
        of the Joint Force, especially in the highly-contested 
        operating environments established by near-peer competitors;
            (3) the Senate is concerned that the Air Force has not 
        moved quickly enough over the past year to begin defining the 
        requirements and maturing the technologies that will be 
        essential for the Advanced Battle Management System, especially 
        in light of the pending retirement of the Joint Surveillance 
        and Target Attack Radar System (JSTARS) aircraft that the 
        Advanced Battle Management System is conceived, in part, to 
        replace;
            (4) the Senate understands that the Air Force is moving 
        deliberately to analyze alternative concepts for the Advanced 
        Battle Management System and adopt an architectural approach to 
        its design;
            (5) the Advanced Battle Management System, as a multidomain 
        system of systems, must have a central command and control 
        capability that can integrate these systems into a unified 
        warfighting capability;
            (6) emerging technologies, such as artificial intelligence 
        and automated sensor fusion, should be built into the command 
        and control capability for the Advanced Battle Management 
        System from the start;
            (7) such technologies would improve the ability of the 
        Advanced Battle Management System to support human operators 
        with--
                    (A) the rapid processing and fusion of multidomain 
                sensor data;
                    (B) the highly-automated identification, 
                classification, tracking, and targeting of threats in 
                all domains;
                    (C) the creation of a real-time common operating 
                picture from multidomain intelligence; and the ability 
                to direct effects on the battlefield at machine-to-
                machine speeds from all of the systems comprising the 
                Advanced Battle Management System; and
            (8) for an effort as ambitious and complex as the Advanced 
        Battle Management System, the Senate encourages the Air Force 
        to use existing acquisition authorities to begin a rapid 
        prototyping effort to refine the requirements and software-
        intensive technologies that will be integral to the command and 
        control capability of the Advanced Battle Management System.

SEC. 216. MODIFICATION OF PROOF OF CONCEPT COMMERCIALIZATION PROGRAM.

    (a) Making the Program Permanent.--
            (1) In general.--Section 1603 of the National Defense 
        Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2014 (Public Law 113-66; 10 
        U.S.C. 2359 note) is amended by striking subsection (g).
            (2) Conforming amendments.--Such section is further 
        amended--
                    (A) in the section heading, by striking ``pilot'';
                    (B) in subsection (a)--
                            (i) by striking ``Pilot''; and
                            (ii) by striking ``Pilot''; and
                    (C) by striking ``pilot'' each place it appears.
    (b) Additional Improvements.--Such section, as amended by 
subsection (a), is further amended--
            (1) in the section heading, by inserting ``of dual-use 
        technology'' after ``commercialization'';
            (2) in subsection (a)--
                    (A) by inserting ``of Dual-Use Technology'' before 
                ``Program''; and
                    (B) by inserting ``with a focus on priority defense 
                technology areas that attract public and private sector 
                funding, as well as private sector investment capital, 
                including from venture capital firms in the United 
                States,'' before ``in accordance'';
            (3) in subsection (c)(4)(A)(iv), by inserting ``, which may 
        include access to venture capital'' after ``award'';
            (4) by striking subsection (d);
            (5) by redesignating subsection (e) as subsection (d);
            (6) by striking subsection (f); and
            (7) by adding at the end the following new subsection (e):
    ``(e) Authorities.--In carrying out this section, the Secretary may 
use the following authorities:
            ``(1) Section 1599g of title 10 of the United States Code, 
        relating to public-private talent exchanges.
            ``(2) Section 2368 of such title, relating to Centers for 
        Science, Technology, and Engineering Partnerships.
            ``(3) Section 2374a of such title, relating to prizes for 
        advanced technology achievements.
            ``(4) Section 2474 of such title, relating to Centers of 
        Industrial and Technical Excellence.
            ``(5) Section 2521 of such title, relating to the 
        Manufacturing Technology Program.
            ``(6) Section 225 of the National Defense Authorization Act 
        for Fiscal Year 2018 (Public Law 115-91; 10 U.S.C. 2359 note).
            ``(7) Section 1711 of such Act (Public Law 115-91; 10 
        U.S.C. 2505 note), relating to a pilot program on strengthening 
        manufacturing in the defense industrial base.
            ``(8) Section 12 of the Stevenson-Wydler Technology 
        Innovation Act of 1980 (15 U.S.C. 3710a) and section 6305 of 
        title 31, United States Code, relating to cooperative research 
        and development agreements.''.

SEC. 217. MODIFICATION OF DEFENSE QUANTUM INFORMATION SCIENCE AND 
              TECHNOLOGY RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT PROGRAM.

    Section 234 of the John S. McCain National Defense Authorization 
Act for Fiscal Year 2019 (Public Law 115-232) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (b)--
                    (A) in paragraph (2)--
                            (i) by inserting ``and international'' 
                        after ``interagency''; and
                            (ii) by striking ``private sector'' 
                        inserting ``private-sector and international''; 
                        and
                    (B) in paragraph (6), by inserting ``, workforce,'' 
                after ``including facilities'';
            (2) in subsection (c)--
                    (A) in paragraph (2), by striking ``sciences;'' and 
                inserting the following: ``sciences, including through 
                coordination with--
                    ``(A) the National Quantum Coordination Office;
                    ``(B) the National Science and Technology Council 
                Quantum Information Science Subcommittee;
                    ``(C) other Federal agencies;
                    ``(D) other elements and offices of the Department 
                of Defense; and
                    ``(E) appropriate private-sector organizations;'';
                    (B) in paragraph (3), by striking ``and'' at the 
                end;
                    (C) by redesignating paragraph (4) as paragraph 
                (5); and
                    (D) by inserting after paragraph (3) the following 
                new paragraph (4):
            ``(4) develop, in coordination with appropriate Federal 
        entities, a taxonomy for quantum science activities and 
        requirements for relevant technology and standards; and''; and
            (3) in subsection (d)(2)(D), by inserting ``a roadmap and'' 
        after ``including''.

SEC. 218. TECHNOLOGY AND NATIONAL SECURITY FELLOWSHIP.

    (a) Fellowship Program.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
        the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense, acting 
        through the Under Secretary of Defense for Research and 
        Engineering, shall establish a civilian fellowship program 
        designed to place eligible individuals within the Department of 
        Defense and Congress to increase the number of national 
        security professionals with science, technology, engineering, 
        and mathematics credentials employed by the Department and 
        Congress.
            (2) Designation.--The fellowship program established under 
        paragraph (1) shall be known as the ``Technology and National 
        Security Fellowship'' (in this section referred to as the 
        ``fellows program'').
            (3) Assignments.--Each individual selected for 
        participation in the fellows program shall be assigned to a one 
        year position within--
                    (A) the Department of Defense; or
                    (B) a congressional office with emphasis on Armed 
                Forces and national security matters.
            (4) Pay and benefits.--Each individual assigned to a 
        position under paragraph (3)--
                    (A) shall be compensated at a rate of basic pay 
                that is equivalent to the rate of basic pay payable for 
                a position at level 10 of the General Schedule; and
                    (B) shall be treated as an employee of the United 
                States during the assignment.
    (b) Eligible Individuals.--For purposes of this section, and 
subject to subsection (e), an eligible individual is any individual 
who--
            (1) is a citizen of the United States; and
            (2) either--
                    (A) expects to be awarded an undergraduate or 
                graduate degree that, as determined by the Secretary, 
                focuses on science, technology, engineering, or 
                mathematics course work not later than 180 days after 
                the date on which the individual submits an application 
                for participation in the fellows program; or
                    (B) possesses an undergraduate or graduate degree 
                that, as determined by the Secretary, focuses on 
                science, technology, engineering, or mathematics course 
                work that was awarded not earlier than one year before 
                the date on which the individual submits an application 
                for participation in the fellows program.
    (c) Application.--Each individual seeking to participate in the 
fellows program shall submit to the Secretary an application therefor 
at such time and in such manner as the Secretary shall specify.
    (d) Coordination.--In carrying out this section, the Secretary may 
consider working through the following entities:
            (1) The National Security Innovation Network.
            (2) Other Department of Defense or public and private 
        sector organizations, as determined appropriate by the 
        Secretary.
    (e) Modifications to Fellows Program.--The Secretary may modify the 
terms and procedures of the fellows program in order to better achieve 
the goals of the program and to support workforce needs of the 
Department of Defense.
    (f) Consultation.--The Secretary may consult with the heads of the 
agencies, components, and other elements of the Department of Defense, 
Members and committees of Congress, and such institutions of higher 
education and private entities engaged in work on national security and 
emerging technologies as the Secretary considers appropriate for 
purposes of the fellows program, including with respect to assignments 
in the fellows program.

SEC. 219. DIRECT AIR CAPTURE AND BLUE CARBON REMOVAL TECHNOLOGY 
              PROGRAM.

    (a) Program Required.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense, in coordination 
        with the Secretary of Homeland Security, the Secretary of 
        Energy, and the heads of such other Federal agencies as the 
        Secretary of Defense considers appropriate, shall carry out a 
        program on research, development, testing, evaluation, study, 
        and demonstration of technologies related to blue carbon 
        capture and direct air capture.
            (2) Program goals.--The goals of the program established 
        under paragraph (1) are as follows:
                    (A) To develop technologies that capture carbon 
                dioxide from seawater and the air to turn such carbon 
                dioxide into clean fuels to enhance fuel and energy 
                security.
                    (B) To develop and demonstrate technologies that 
                capture carbon dioxide from seawater and the air to 
                reuse such carbon dioxide to create products for 
                military uses.
                    (C) To develop direct air capture technologies for 
                use--
                            (i) at military installations or facilities 
                        of the Department of Defense; or
                            (ii) in modes of transportation by the Navy 
                        or the Coast Guard.
            (3) Phases.--The program established under paragraph (1) 
        shall be carried out in two phases as follows:
                    (A) The first phase shall consist of research and 
                development and shall be carried out as described in 
                subsection (b).
                    (B) The second phase shall consist of testing and 
                evaluation and shall be carried out as described in 
                subsection (c), if the Secretary determines that the 
                results of the research and development phase justify 
                implementing the testing and evaluation phase.
            (4) Designation.--The program established under paragraph 
        (1) shall be known as the ``Direct Air Capture and Blue Carbon 
        Removal Technology Program'' (in this section referred to as 
        the ``Program'').
    (b) Research and Development Phase.--
            (1) In general.--During the research and development phase 
        of the Program, the Secretary of Defense shall conduct research 
        and development in pursuit of the goals set forth in subsection 
        (a)(2).
            (2) Direct air capture.--The research and development phase 
        of the Program may include, with respect to direct air capture, 
        a front end engineering and design study that includes an 
        evaluation of direct air capture designs to produce fuel for 
        use--
                    (A) at military installations or facilities of the 
                Department of Defense; or
                    (B) in modes of transportation by the Navy or the 
                Coast Guard.
            (3) Duration.--The Secretary shall carry out the research 
        and development phase of the Program during a four-year period 
        commencing not later than 90 days after the date of the 
        enactment of this Act.
            (4) Grants authorized.--The Secretary may carry out the 
        research and development phase of the Program through the award 
        of grants to private persons and eligible laboratories.
            (5) Report required.--Not later than 180 days after the 
        date of the completion of the research and development phase of 
        the Program, the Secretary shall submit to Congress a report on 
        the research and development carried out under the Program.
            (6) Funding for fiscal year 2020.--(A) The amount 
        authorized to be appropriated for fiscal year 2020 by section 
        201 for research, development, test, and evaluation is hereby 
        increased by $8,000,000, with the amount of the increase to be 
        available for the research and development phase of the 
        Program.
            (B) The amount authorized to be appropriated for fiscal 
        year 2020 by section 301 for operation and maintenance is 
        hereby decreased by $8,000,000, with the amount of the decrease 
        to be taken from amounts available for printing.
            (7) Authorization of appropriations for future fiscal 
        years.--There is authorized to be appropriated to carry out the 
        research and development phase of the Program $10,000,000 for 
        each of fiscal years 2021 through 2023.
    (c) Testing and Evaluation Phase.--
            (1) In general.--During the testing and evaluation phase of 
        the Program, the Secretary shall, in pursuit of the goals set 
        forth in subsection (a)(2), conduct tests and evaluations of 
        the technologies researched and developed during the research 
        and development phase of the Program.
            (2) Direct air capture.--The testing and evaluation phase 
        of the Program may include demonstration projects for direct 
        air capture to produce fuels for use--
                    (A) at military installations or facilities of the 
                Department of Defense; or
                    (B) in modes of transportation by the Navy or the 
                Coast Guard.
            (3) Duration.--The Secretary shall carry out the testing 
        and evaluation phase of the Program during the three-year 
        period commencing on the date of the completion of the research 
        and development phase described in subsection (b), except that 
        the testing and evaluation phase of the Program with respect to 
        direct air capture may commence at such time after a front end 
        engineering and design study demonstrates to the Secretary that 
        commencement of such phase is appropriate.
            (4) Grants authorized.--The Secretary may carry out the 
        testing and evaluation phase of the Program through the award 
        of grants to private persons and eligible laboratories.
            (5) Locations.--The Secretary shall carry out the testing 
        and evaluation phase of the Program at military installations 
        or facilities of the Department of Defense.
            (6) Report required.--Not later than September 30, 2026, 
        the Secretary shall submit to Congress a report on the findings 
        of the Secretary with respect to the effectiveness of the 
        technologies tested and evaluated under the Program.
            (7) Authorization of appropriations.--There is authorized 
        to be appropriated to carry out the testing and evaluation 
        phase of the Program $15,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2024 
        through 2026.
    (d) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) The term ``blue carbon capture'' means the removal of 
        dissolved carbon dioxide from seawater through engineered or 
        inorganic processes, including filters, membranes, or phase 
        change systems.
            (2)(A) The term ``direct air capture'', with respect to a 
        facility, technology, or system, means that the facility, 
        technology, or system uses carbon capture equipment to capture 
        carbon dioxide directly from the air.
            (B) The term ``direct air capture'' does not include any 
        facility, technology, or system that captures carbon dioxide--
                    (i) that is deliberately released from a naturally 
                occurring subsurface spring; or
                    (ii) using natural photosynthesis.
            (3) The term ``eligible laboratory'' means--
                    (A) a National Laboratory (as defined in section 2 
                of the Energy Policy Act of 2005 (42 U.S.C. 15801)); or
                    (B) a laboratory of the Department of Defense.

                 Subtitle C--Reports and Other Matters

SEC. 231. NATIONAL SECURITY EMERGING BIOTECHNOLOGIES RESEARCH AND 
              DEVELOPMENT PROGRAM.

    (a) Establishment.--The Secretary of Defense shall carry out a 
research and development program on applications of emerging 
biotechnologies for the national security purposes set forth in 
subsection (b).
    (b) National Security Purposes.--The national security purposes set 
forth in this subsection are as follows:
            (1) To ensure military understanding and relevancy of 
        applications of emerging biotechnologies in meeting national 
        security requirements.
            (2) To coordinate all research and development relating to 
        emerging biotechnologies within the Department of Defense and 
        to provide for interagency cooperation and collaboration on 
        research and development relating to emerging biotechnologies 
        between the Department and other departments and agencies of 
        the United States and appropriate private sector entities that 
        are involved in research and development relating to emerging 
        biotechnologies.
            (3) To develop and manage a portfolio of fundamental and 
        applied emerging biotechnologies research initiatives that is 
        stable, consistent, and balanced across scientific disciplines.
            (4) To collect, synthesize, and disseminate critical 
        information on research and development relating to emerging 
        biotechnologies within the national security establishment.
            (5) To establish and support appropriate research, 
        innovation, and the industrial base, including facilities and 
        infrastructure, to support the needs of Department missions and 
        scientific workforce relating to emerging biotechnologies.
            (6) To develop a technical basis to inform the intelligence 
        community on the analysis needs of the Department with respect 
        to emerging biotechnologies.
    (c) Administration.--In carrying out the program required by 
subsection (a), the Secretary shall act through the Under Secretary of 
Defense for Research and Engineering, who shall supervise the planning, 
management, and coordination of the program. The Under Secretary, in 
consultation with the Secretaries of the military departments and the 
heads of participating Defense Agencies and other departments and 
agencies of the United States, shall--
            (1) prescribe a set of long-term challenges and a set of 
        broad technical goals for the program;
            (2) develop a coordinated and integrated research and 
        investment plan for meeting near-, mid-, and long-term 
        challenges for achieving broad technical goals that build upon 
        the Department's investment in emerging biotechnologies 
        research and development, commercial sector and global 
        investments, and other United States Government investments in 
        emerging biotechnologies fields;
            (3) not later than 180 days after the date of the enactment 
        of this Act, develop and continuously update guidance, 
        including classification guidance for defense-related emerging 
        biotechnologies activities, and policies for restricting access 
        to research to minimize the effects of loss of intellectual 
        property in basic and applied emerging biotechnologies and 
        information considered sensitive to the leadership of the 
        United States in the field of emerging biotechnologies; and
            (4) develop memoranda of agreement, joint funding 
        agreements, and other cooperative arrangements necessary for 
        meeting long-term challenges and achieving specific technical 
        goals.
    (d) Report.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than December 31, 2020, the 
        Secretary shall submit to the congressional defense committees 
        a report on the program carried out under subsection (a).
            (2) Elements.--The report required by paragraph (1) shall 
        include the following:
                    (A) An assessment of the potential national 
                security risks of emerging biotechnologies 
                technologies.
                    (B) An assessment of the efforts of foreign powers 
                to use emerging biotechnologies for military 
                applications and other purposes.
                    (C) A description of the knowledge-base of the 
                Department with respect to emerging biotechnologies, 
                plans to defend against potential national security 
                threats posed by emerging biotechnologies, and any 
                plans of the Secretary to enhance such knowledge-base.
                    (D) A plan that describes how the Secretary intends 
                to use emerging biotechnologies for military 
                applications and to meet other needs of the Department.
                    (E) A description of activities undertaken 
                consistent with this section, including funding for 
                activities consistent with the section.
                    (F) Such other matters as the Secretary considers 
                appropriate.
            (3) Form.--The report submitted under paragraph (1) shall 
        be submitted in unclassified form, but may include a classified 
        annex.
    (e) Definition of Emerging Biotechnologies.--In this section, the 
term ``emerging biotechnologies'' includes the following:
            (1) Engineered biology, which is the application of 
        engineering design principles and practices to biological, 
        genetic, molecular, and cellular systems to enable novel 
        functions and capabilities.
            (2) Neurotechnology, which refers to central and peripheral 
        nervous system interfaces that leverage structural, 
        computational, and mathematical modeling to develop devices 
        that decode neural activity (identify how it corresponds to a 
        particular behavior or cognitive state, such as sensorimotor 
        function, memory, or neuropsychiatric function) and use this 
        information to deliver targeted interventions or therapies to 
        facilitate performance.
            (3) Performance enhancement, namely technologies that 
        augment human physiology at the cellular, molecular, and 
        physiological levels giving the end user novel or enhanced 
        physical and psychological capabilities.
            (4) Gene editing, including tools that facilitate 
        deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) sequence deletion, replacement, or 
        insertion into cellular or organismal genetic material, thereby 
        modulating genetic function for applications that include 
        treating and preventing disease, and improving function of 
        biological systems.
            (5) Biomolecular sequencing and synthesis, namely the 
        processes by which biomolecular components (such as 
        deoxyribonucleic acid and ribonucleic acid) can be measured 
        (sequencing) or generated (synthesis) for uses in engineering 
        biology, biomanufacturing, and other medical and nonmedical 
        applications.

SEC. 232. CYBER SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY ACTIVITIES ROADMAP AND REPORTS.

    (a) Roadmap for Science and Technology Activities to Support 
Development of Cyber Capabilities.--
            (1) Roadmap required.--The Secretary of Defense, acting 
        through the Under Secretary of Defense for Research and 
        Engineering, shall develop a roadmap for science and technology 
        activities of the Department of Defense to support development 
        of cyber capabilities to meet Department needs and missions.
            (2) Goal of consistency.--The Secretary shall develop the 
        roadmap required by paragraph (1) to ensure consistency with 
        appropriate Federal interagency, industry, and academic 
        activities.
            (3) Scope.--The roadmap required by paragraph (1) shall--
                    (A) cover the development of capabilities that will 
                likely see operational use within the next 25 years or 
                earlier; and
                    (B) address cyber operations and cybersecurity.
            (4) Consultation.--The Secretary shall develop the roadmap 
        required by paragraph (1) in consultation with the following:
                    (A) The Chief Information Officer of the 
                Department.
                    (B) The secretaries and chiefs of the military 
                departments.
                    (C) The Director of Operational Test and 
                Evaluation.
                    (D) The Commander of the United States Cyber 
                Command.
                    (E) The Director of the National Security Agency.
                    (F) The Director of the Defense Information Systems 
                Agency.
                    (G) The Director of the Defense Advanced Research 
                Projects Agency.
                    (H) The Director of the Defense Digital Service.
            (5) Form.--The Secretary shall develop the roadmap required 
        by paragraph (1) in unclassified form, but may include a 
        classified annex.
            (6) Publication.--The Secretary shall make available to the 
        public the unclassified form of the roadmap developed pursuant 
        to paragraph (1).
    (b) Annual Report on Cyber Science and Technology Activities.--
            (1) Annual reports required.--In fiscal years 2021, 2022, 
        and 2023, the Under Secretary of Defense for Research and 
        Engineering submit to the Congressional Defense Committees a 
        report on the science and technology activities within the 
        Department of Defense relating to cyber matters during the 
        previous fiscal year, the current fiscal year, and the 
        following fiscal year.
            (2) Contents.--Each report submitted pursuant to paragraph 
        (1) shall include, for the period covered by the report, a 
        description and listing of the science and technology 
        activities of the Department relating to cyber matters, 
        including the following:
                    (A) Extramural science and technology activities.
                    (B) Intramural science and technology activities.
                    (C) Major and minor military construction 
                activities.
                    (D) Major prototyping and demonstration programs.
                    (E) A list of agreements and activities transition 
                capabilities to acquisition activities, including--
                            (i) national security systems;
                            (ii) business systems; and
                            (iii) enterprise and network systems.
                    (F) Efforts to enhance the national technical 
                cybersecurity workforce, including specific programs to 
                support education, training, internships, and hiring.
                    (G) Efforts to perform cooperative activities with 
                international partners.
                    (H) Efforts under the Small Business Innovation 
                Research and the Small Business Technology Transfer 
                Program, including estimated amounts in the request for 
                the following fiscal year.
                    (I) Efforts to encourage partnerships between the 
                Department of Defense and universities participating in 
                the National Centers of Academic Excellence in Cyber 
                Operations and Cyber Defense.
            (3) Timing.--Each report submitted pursuant to paragraph 
        (1) shall be submitted concurrently with the annual budget 
        request of the President submitted pursuant to section 1105 of 
        title 31, United States Code.
            (4) Form.--The report submitted under paragraph (1) shall 
        be submitted in unclassified form, but may include a classified 
        annex.

SEC. 233. REQUIRING CERTAIN MICROELECTRONICS PRODUCTS AND SERVICES MEET 
              TRUSTED SUPPLY CHAIN AND OPERATIONAL SECURITY STANDARDS.

    (a) Purchases.--
            (1) In general.--To protect the United States from 
        intellectual property theft and to ensure national security and 
        public safety in the application of new generations of wireless 
        network technology and microelectronics, beginning on January 
        1, 2022, the Secretary of Defense shall--
                    (A) ensure that each critical microelectronics 
                product and service that the Department of Defense 
                purchases on or after such date meets the trusted 
                supply chain and operational security standards 
                established pursuant to subsection (b), except in a 
                case in which the Department seeks to purchase a 
                critical microelectronics product or service, but--
                            (i) no such product or service is available 
                        for purchase that meets such standards; or
                            (ii) no such product or service is 
                        available for purchase that--
                                    (I) meets such standards; and
                                    (II) is available at a price that 
                                the Secretary does not consider 
                                prohibitively expensive; and
                    (B) to the maximum extent practicable, ensure that 
                each microelectronics product and service, other than a 
                critical microelectronics product and service, that is 
                purchased by the Department of Defense on or after such 
                date meets the trusted supply chain and operational 
                security standards established pursuant to subsection 
                (b).
            (2) Critical microelectronics products and services.--For 
        purposes of this section, a critical microelectronics product 
        or service is a microelectronics product, or a service based on 
        such a product, that is designated by the Secretary as critical 
        to meeting national security needs.
    (b) Trusted Supply Chain and Operational Security Standards.--
            (1) Standards required.--Not later than January 1, 2021, 
        the Secretary shall establish trusted supply chain and 
        operational security standards for the purchase of 
        microelectronics products and services by the Department.
            (2) Consultation required.--In developing standards under 
        paragraph (1), the Secretary shall consult with the following:
                    (A) The Secretary of Homeland Security, the 
                Secretary of State, the Secretary of Commerce, and the 
                Director of the National Institute of Standards and 
                Technology.
                    (B) Suppliers of microelectronics products and 
                services from the United States and allies and partners 
                of the United States.
                    (C) Representatives of major United States industry 
                sectors that rely on a trusted supply chain and the 
                operational security of microelectronics products and 
                services.
                    (D) Representatives of the United States insurance 
                industry.
            (3) Tiers of trust and security authorized.--In carrying 
        out paragraph (1), the Secretary may establish tiers of trust 
        and security within the supply chain and operational security 
        standards for microelectronics products and services.
            (4) General applicability.--The standards established 
        pursuant to paragraph (1) shall be, to the greatest extent 
        practicable, generally applicable to the trusted supply chain 
        and operational security needs and use cases of the United 
        States Government and commercial industry, such that the 
        standards could be widely adopted by government and commercial 
        industry.
            (5) Annual review.--Not later than October 1 of each year, 
        the Secretary shall review the standards established pursuant 
        to paragraph (1) and issue updates or modifications as the 
        Secretary considers necessary or appropriate.
    (c) Ensuring Ability to Sell Commercially.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary shall, to the greatest 
        extent practicable, ensure that suppliers of microelectronics 
        products for the Federal Government who meet the standards 
        established under subsection (b) are able and incentivized to 
        sell products commercially that are produced on the same 
        production lines as the microelectronics products supplied to 
        the Federal Government.
            (2) Effect of requirements and acquisitions.--The Secretary 
        shall, to the greatest extent practicable, ensure that the 
        requirements of the Department and the acquisition by the 
        Department of microelectronics enable the success of a dual-use 
        microelectronics industry.
    (d) Maintaining Competition and Innovation.--The Secretary shall 
take such actions as the Secretary considers necessary and appropriate, 
within the Secretary's authorized activities to maintain the health of 
the defense industrial base, to ensure that--
            (1) providers of microelectronics products and services 
        that meet the standards established under subsection (b) are 
        exposed to competitive market pressures to achieve competitive 
        pricing and sustained innovation; and
            (2) the industrial base of microelectronics products and 
        services that meet the standards established under subsection 
        (b) includes providers producing in or belonging to countries 
        that are allies or partners of the United States.

SEC. 234. TECHNICAL CORRECTION TO GLOBAL RESEARCH WATCH PROGRAM.

    Section 2365 of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in subsections (a) and (d)(2), by striking ``Assistant 
        Secretary of Defense for Research and Engineering'' both places 
        it appears and inserting ``Under Secretary of Defense for 
        Research and Engineering'';
            (2) in subsections (d)(3) and (e), by striking ``Assistant 
        Secretary'' both places it appears and inserting ``Under 
        Secretary of Defense for Research and Engineering''; and
            (3) in subsection (d), by striking ``Assistant Secretary'' 
        both places it appears and inserting ``Under Secretary''.

SEC. 235. ADDITIONAL TECHNOLOGY AREAS FOR EXPEDITED ACCESS TO TECHNICAL 
              TALENT.

    Section 217(e) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 2018 (Public Law 115-91; 10 U.S.C. 2358 note) is amended--
            (1) by redesignating paragraph (27) as paragraph (29); and
            (2) by inserting after paragraph (26) the following new 
        paragraph (27):
            ``(27) Rapid prototyping.
            ``(28) Infrastructure resilience.''.

SEC. 236. SENSE OF THE SENATE AND PERIODIC BRIEFINGS ON THE SECURITY 
              AND AVAILABILITY OF FIFTH-GENERATION (5G) WIRELESS 
              NETWORK TECHNOLOGY AND PRODUCTION.

    (a) Sense of the Senate.--It is the sense of the Senate that--
            (1) use of fifth-generation (5G) wireless networks and 
        associated technology will be a foundation for future 
        warfighting applications for the Department of Defense;
            (2) the commercial implementation of fifth-generation 
        wireless networks will provide the high speed and capacity 
        necessary for the Internet of Things, advanced manufacturing, 
        autonomous machines, the application of artificial 
        intelligence, and smart cities, and it is critical that the 
        Department of Defense utilize these new capabilities;
            (3) protecting the innovation and technology that enables 
        these revolutionary developments is essential for security of 
        the Department of Defense mission, and will require improved 
        security of the microelectronics supply chain and of the design 
        and operation of networks based on fifth-generation wireless 
        network technology;
            (4) securing fifth-generation wireless networks and 
        associated technology is required due to the increased effects 
        of military processes that will be enabled on fifth-generation 
        wireless networks;
            (5) the Department of Defense can no longer rely on 
        fabricationless business models in which microelectronics 
        manufacturing is located in countries with vulnerable supply 
        chains or adversarial nations known for predatory industrial 
        espionage and posing a military threat to the United States or 
        on small-scale manufacturing of trusted microelectronics in 
        dedicated facilities;
            (6) the Department of Defense should leverage its large 
        procurement budget, sophisticated understanding of the threats 
        to microelectronics supply chains, as well as experience 
        establishing requirements for the secure production of 
        microelectronics and working with trusted foundries to create a 
        secure, competitive, and innovative manufacturing base in 
        cooperation with industry; and
            (7) the Secretary of Defense should act expeditiously to 
        achieve the goals enumerated in this subsection using resources 
        and authorities available to the Department, while encouraging 
        interagency planning for a whole-of-government strategy.
    (b) Periodic Briefings.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than March 15, 2020, and not 
        less frequently than once every three months thereafter until 
        March 15, 2022, the Secretary of Defense shall brief the 
        congressional defense committees on how the Department of 
        Defense--
                    (A) is using secure fifth-generation wireless 
                network technology;
                    (B) is reshaping the Department's policy for 
                producing and procuring secure microelectronics; and
                    (C) working in the interagency and internationally 
                to develop common policies and approaches.
            (2) Elements.--Each briefing under paragraph (1) shall 
        contain information on--
                    (A) efforts to ensure a secure supply chain for 
                fifth-generation wireless network equipment and 
                microelectronics;
                    (B) the continued availability of electromagnetic 
                spectrum for warfighting needs;
                    (C) planned implementation of fifth-generation 
                wireless network infrastructure in warfighting 
                networks, base infrastructure, defense-related 
                manufacturing, and logistics;
                    (D) steps taken to work with allied and partner 
                countries to protect critical networks and supply 
                chains; and
                    (E) such other topics as the Secretary considers 
                relevant.

SEC. 237. TRANSFER OF COMBATING TERRORISM TECHNICAL SUPPORT OFFICE.

    (a) Transfer Required.--Not later than March 1, 2020, the Secretary 
of Defense shall transfer responsibilities for the authority, 
direction, and control of the Combating Terrorism Technical Support 
Office from the Assistant Secretary of Defense for Special Operations 
and Low Intensity Conflict to the Under Secretary of Defense for 
Research and Engineering.
    (b) Report Required.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than the date that is 30 days 
        before the date of the transfer of responsibilities required by 
        subsection (a), the Secretary shall submit to the congressional 
        defense committees a report on such transfer.
            (2) Contents.--The report submitted under paragraph (1) 
        shall include the following:
                    (A) An assessment of the relevance of the roles, 
                responsibilities, and objectives of the Combating 
                Terrorism Technical Support Office to supporting 
                implementation of the National Defense Strategy and 
                recommendations, if any, for changes to the roles, 
                responsibilities, and objectives of the Combating 
                Terrorism Technical Support Office for the purpose of 
                supporting implementation of the National Defense 
                Strategy.
                    (B) An articulation of any anticipated efficiencies 
                resulting from the transfer of responsibilities as 
                described in subsection (a).
                    (C) Such other matters as the Secretary considers 
                relevant.

SEC. 238. BRIEFING ON COOPERATIVE DEFENSE TECHNOLOGY PROGRAMS AND RISKS 
              OF TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER TO CHINA OR RUSSIA.

    (a) Briefing Required.--Not later than March 1, 2020, the Secretary 
of Defense, in consultation with the Director of National Intelligence, 
shall provide the congressional defense committees a briefing, and 
documents as appropriate, on current cooperative defense technology 
programs of the Department of Defense with any country the Secretary 
assesses to be engaged in significant defense or other advanced 
technology cooperation with the People's Republic of China or the 
Russian Federation.
    (b) Matters to Be Addressed.--The briefing required by subsection 
(a) shall address the following matters:
            (1) Whether any current cooperative defense technology 
        programs of the Department of Defense increase the risk of 
        technology transfer to the People's Republic of China or the 
        Russian Federation.
            (2) What actions the Department of Defense has taken to 
        mitigate the risk of technology transfer to the People's 
        Republic of China or the Russian Federation with respect to 
        current cooperative defense technology programs.
            (3) Such recommendations as the Secretary may have for 
        legislative or administrative action to prevent technology 
        transfer to the People's Republic of China or the Russian 
        Federation with respect to cooperative defense technology 
        programs, especially as it relates to capabilities the 
        Secretary assesses to be critical to maintain or restore the 
        comparative military advantage of the United States.
    (c) Notification Required.--The Secretary shall provide the 
congressional committees a written notification not later than 15 days 
after any decision to suspend or terminate a cooperative defense 
technology program due to the risk or occurrence of technology transfer 
to the People's Republic of China or the Russian Federation.

SEC. 239. MODIFICATION OF AUTHORITY FOR PRIZES FOR ADVANCED TECHNOLOGY 
              ACHIEVEMENTS.

    Section 2374a(a) of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
striking ``Assistant Secretary of Defense for Research and 
Engineering'' and inserting ``Under Secretary of Defense for Research 
and Engineering, the Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and 
Sustainment,''.

SEC. 240. USE OF FUNDS FOR STRATEGIC ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH PROGRAM, 
              ENVIRONMENTAL SECURITY TECHNICAL CERTIFICATION PROGRAM, 
              AND OPERATIONAL ENERGY CAPABILITY IMPROVEMENT.

    Of the funds authorized to be appropriated for fiscal year 2020 for 
the use of the Department of Defense for research, development, test, 
and evaluation, as specified in the funding table in section 4201 for 
the Strategic Environmental Research Program, Operational Energy 
Capability Improvement, and the Environmental Security Technical 
Certification Program, the Secretary of Defense shall expend amounts as 
follows:
            (1) Not less than $10,000,000 on the development and 
        demonstration of long duration on-site energy battery storage 
        for distributed energy assets.
            (2) Not less than $10,000,000 on the development, 
        demonstration, and validation of non-fluorine based 
        firefighting foams.
            (3) Not less than $10,000,000 on the development, 
        demonstration, and validation of secure microgrids for both 
        installations and forward operating bases.
            (4) Not less than $5,000,000 on the development, 
        demonstration, and validation of technologies that can harvest 
        potable water from air.

SEC. 241. FUNDING FOR THE SEA-LAUNCHED CRUISE MISSILE-NUCLEAR ANALYSIS 
              OF ALTERNATIVES.

    (a) Availability of Funding.--Of the amount authorized to be 
appropriated for fiscal year 2020 by section 201 for research, 
development, test, and evaluation, at least $5,000,000 shall be 
available for the analysis of alternatives for the Sea-Launched Cruise 
Missile-Nuclear.
    (b) Program of Record.--The Secretary of Defense shall make the 
Sea-Launched Cruise Missile-Nuclear a program of record.

SEC. 242. REVIEW AND ASSESSMENT PERTAINING TO TRANSITION OF DEPARTMENT 
              OF DEFENSE-ORIGINATED DUAL-USE TECHNOLOGY.

    (a) In General.--The Under Secretary of Defense for Research and 
Engineering shall--
            (1) conduct a review of the Department of Defense science 
        and technology enterprise's intellectual property and strategy 
        for awarding exclusive commercial rights to industry partners; 
        and
            (2) assess whether its practices are encouraging or 
        constraining technology diffusion where desirable.
    (b) Elements.--The review and assessment required by subsection (a) 
shall include consideration of the following:
            (1) The retention or relinquishment by the Department of 
        intellectual property rights and the effect thereof.
            (2) The granting by the Department of exclusive commercial 
        rights and the effect thereof.
            (3) The potential of research prizes, vice payment and 
        exclusive commercial rights, on contract as remuneration for 
        science and technology activities.
            (4) The potential of science and technology programs with 
        intellectual property strategies that do not include 
        commercialization monopolies.
            (5) The potential of establishing price ceilings for 
        licenses and commercial sale mandates to discourage selective 
        commercial hoarding.
            (6) The activities of the Department in effect on the day 
        before the date of the enactment of this Act to promulgate to 
        approved users in the commercial sector the intellectual 
        property that the Department retains and their potential 
        applications.
            (7) Such other major factors as may inhibit the diffusion 
        of Department-funded technology in the commercial sector where 
        desirable.
    (c) University Partnership.--In carrying out subsection (a), the 
Under Secretary shall partner with a business school or law school of a 
university with resident economics and intellectual property expertise.
    (d) Report.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than May 1, 2020, the Under 
        Secretary shall submit to the congressional defense committees 
        a report on the findings of the Under Secretary with respect to 
        the review and assessment required by subsection (a).
            (2) Recommendations.--The report required by paragraph (1) 
        shall include such recommendations as the Under Secretary may 
        have for legislative or administrative action to improve the 
        diffusion of the intellectual property and technology of the 
        science and technology enterprise of the Department.

                  TITLE III--OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE

              Subtitle A--Authorization of Appropriations

SEC. 301. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

    Funds are hereby authorized to be appropriated for fiscal year 2020 
for the use of the Armed Forces and other activities and agencies of 
the Department of Defense for expenses, not otherwise provided for, for 
operation and maintenance, as specified in the funding table in section 
4301.

                   Subtitle B--Energy and Environment

SEC. 311. USE OF OPERATIONAL ENERGY COST SAVINGS OF DEPARTMENT OF 
              DEFENSE.

    Section 2912 of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a), by striking ``subsection (b)'' and 
        inserting ``subsection (b) or (c), as the case may be,'';
            (2) in subsection (b), in the matter preceding paragraph 
        (1), by striking ``The Secretary of Defense'' and inserting 
        ``Except as provided in subsection (c) with respect to 
        operational energy cost savings, the Secretary of Defense'';
            (3) by redesignating subsection (c) as subsection (d); and
            (4) by inserting after subsection (b) the following new 
        subsection (c):
    ``(c) Use of Operational Energy Cost Savings.--The amount that 
remains available for obligation under subsection (a) that relates to 
operational energy cost savings realized by the Department shall be 
used for the implementation of additional operational energy 
resilience, efficiencies, mission assurance, energy conservation, or 
energy security within the department, agency, or instrumentality that 
realized that savings.''.

SEC. 312. USE OF PROCEEDS FROM SALES OF ELECTRICAL ENERGY GENERATED 
              FROM GEOTHERMAL RESOURCES.

    Section 2916(b) of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (1), by striking ``Except as provided in 
        paragraph (3), proceeds'' and inserting ``Proceeds''; and
            (2) by striking paragraph (3).

SEC. 313. ENERGY RESILIENCE PROGRAMS AND ACTIVITIES.

    (a) Modification of Annual Energy Management and Resilience 
Report.--Section 2925(a) of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in the subsection heading, by inserting ``and 
        Readiness'' after ``Mission Assurance'';
            (2) in the matter preceding paragraph (1), by inserting 
        ``The Secretary shall ensure that mission operators of critical 
        facilities provide to personnel of military installations any 
        information necessary for the completion of such report.'' 
        after ``by the Secretary.'';
            (3) in paragraph (4), in the matter preceding subparagraph 
        (A), by striking ``megawatts'' and inserting ``electric and 
        thermal loads''; and
            (4) in paragraph (5), by striking ``megawatts'' and 
        inserting ``electric and thermal loads''.
    (b) Funding for Energy Program Offices.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
        the enactment of this Act, the Secretaries of the military 
        departments shall submit to the congressional defense 
        committees a report stating whether the program offices 
        specified in paragraph (2) are funded--
                    (A) at proper levels to ensure that the energy 
                resilience requirements of the Department of Defense 
                are met; and
                    (B) at levels that are not less than in any 
                previous fiscal year.
            (2) Program offices specified.--The program offices 
        specified in this paragraph are the following:
                    (A) The Power Reliability Enhancement Program of 
                the Army.
                    (B) The Office of Energy Initiatives of the Army.
                    (C) The Office of Energy Assurance of the Air 
                Force.
                    (D) The Resilient Energy Program Office of the 
                Navy.
            (3) Funding plan.--
                    (A) In general.--The Secretaries of the military 
                departments shall include in the report submitted under 
                paragraph (1) a funding plan for the next five fiscal 
                years beginning after the date of the enactment of this 
                Act to ensure that funding levels are, at a minimum, 
                maintained during that period.
                    (B) Elements.--The funding plan under subparagraph 
                (A) shall include, for each fiscal year covered by the 
                plan, an identification of the amounts to be used for 
                the accomplishment of energy resilience goals and 
                objectives.
    (c) Establishment of Targets for Water Use.--The Secretary of 
Defense shall, where life-cycle cost-effective, improve water use 
efficiency and management by the Department of Defense, including storm 
water management, by--
            (1) installing water meters and collecting and using water 
        balance data of buildings and facilities to improve water 
        conservation and management;
            (2) reducing industrial, landscaping, and agricultural 
        water consumption in gallons by two percent annually through 
        fiscal year 2030 relative to a baseline of such consumption by 
        the Department in fiscal year 2010; and
            (3) installing appropriate sustainable infrastructure 
        features on installations of the Department to help with storm 
        water and wastewater management.

SEC. 314. NATIVE AMERICAN INDIAN LANDS ENVIRONMENTAL MITIGATION 
              PROGRAM.

    (a) In General.--Chapter 160 of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended by adding at the end the following new section:
``Sec. 2712. Native American lands environmental mitigation program
    ``(a) Establishment.--The Secretary of Defense may establish and 
carry out a program to mitigate the environmental effects of actions by 
the Department of Defense on Indian lands and culturally connected 
locations.
    ``(b) Program Activities.--The activities that may be carried out 
under the program established under subsection (a) are the following:
            ``(1) Identification, investigation, and documentation of 
        suspected environmental effects attributable to past actions by 
        the Department of Defense.
            ``(2) Development of mitigation options for such 
        environmental effects, including development of cost-to-
        complete estimates and a system for prioritizing mitigation 
        actions.
            ``(3) Direct mitigation actions that the Secretary 
        determines are necessary and appropriate to mitigate the 
        adverse environmental effects of past actions by the 
        Department.
            ``(4) Demolition and removal of unsafe buildings and 
        structures used by, under the jurisdiction of, or formerly used 
        by or under the jurisdiction of the Department.
            ``(5) Training, technical assistance, and administrative 
        support to facilitate the meaningful participation of Indian 
        tribes in mitigation actions under the program.
            ``(6) Development and execution of a policy governing 
        consultation with Indian tribes that have been or may be 
        affected by action by the Department, including training 
        personnel of the Department to ensure compliance with the 
        policy.
    ``(c) Cooperative Agreements.--(1) In carrying out the program 
established under subsection (a), the Secretary of Defense may enter 
into a cooperative agreement with an Indian tribe or an instrumentality 
of tribal government.
    ``(2) Notwithstanding chapter 63 of title 31, a cooperative 
agreement under this section may be used to acquire property or 
services for the direct benefit of the United States Government.
    ``(3) A cooperative agreement under this section for the 
procurement of severable services may begin in one fiscal year and end 
in another fiscal year only if the total period of performance does not 
exceed two calendar years.
    ``(d) Definitions.--In this section:
            ``(1) The term `Indian land' includes--
                    ``(A) any land located within the boundaries and a 
                part of an Indian reservation, pueblo, or rancheria;
                    ``(B) any land that has been allotted to an 
                individual Indian but has not been conveyed to such 
                Indian with full power of alienation;
                    ``(C) Alaska Native village and regional 
                corporation lands; and
                    ``(D) lands and waters upon which any Federally 
                recognized Indian tribe has rights reserved by treaty, 
                act of Congress, or action by the President.
            ``(2) The term `Indian tribe' has the meaning given such 
        term in section 2701(d)(4)(A) of this title.
            ``(3) The term `culturally connected location' means a 
        location or place that has demonstrable significance to Indians 
        or Alaska Natives based on its association with the traditional 
        beliefs, customs, and practices of a living community, 
        including locations or places where religious, ceremonial, 
        subsistence, medicinal, economic, or other lifeways practices 
        have historically taken place.''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning of 
chapter 160 of such title is amended by inserting after the item 
relating to section 2711 the following new item:

``2712. Native American lands environmental mitigation program.''.

SEC. 315. REIMBURSEMENT OF ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY FOR CERTAIN 
              COSTS IN CONNECTION WITH THE TWIN CITIES ARMY AMMUNITION 
              PLANT, MINNESOTA.

    (a) Transfer Amount.--Notwithstanding section 2215 of title 10, 
United States Code, the Secretary of Defense may transfer to the 
Administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency--
            (1) in fiscal year 2020, not more than $890,790; and
            (2) in each of fiscal years 2021 through 2026, not more 
        than $150,000.
    (b) Purpose of Reimbursement.--The amount authorized to be 
transferred under subsection (a) is to reimburse the Environmental 
Protection Agency for costs the Agency has incurred and will incur 
relating to the response actions performed at the Twin Cities Army 
Ammunition Plant, Minnesota, through September 30, 2025.
    (c) Interagency Agreement.--The reimbursement described in 
subsection (b) is intended to satisfy certain terms of the interagency 
agreement entered into by the Department of the Army and the 
Environmental Protection Agency for the Twin Cities Army Ammunition 
Plant that took effect in December 1987 and that provided for the 
recovery of expenses by the Agency from the Department of the Army.

SEC. 316. PROHIBITION ON USE OF PERFLUOROALKYL SUBSTANCES AND 
              POLYFLUOROALKYL SUBSTANCES FOR LAND-BASED APPLICATIONS OF 
              FIREFIGHTING FOAM.

    (a) Limitation.--After October 1, 2022, no funds of the Department 
of Defense may be obligated or expended to procure firefighting foam 
that contains in excess of one part per billion of perfluoroalkyl 
substances and polyfluoroalkyl substances.
    (b) Prohibition on Use and Disposal of Existing Stocks.--Not later 
than October 1, 2023, the Secretary of Defense shall--
            (1) cease the use of firefighting foam containing in excess 
        of one part per billion of perfluoroalkyl substances and 
        polyfluoroalkyl substances; and
            (2) dispose of all existing stocks of such firefighting 
        foam in accordance with the Solid Waste Disposal Act (42 U.S.C. 
        6901 et seq.).
    (c) Exemption for Shipboard Use.--Subsections (a) and (b) shall not 
apply to firefighting foam for use solely onboard ocean-going vessels.
    (d) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) Perfluoroalkyl substances.--The term ``perfluoroalkyl 
        substances'' means aliphatic substances for which all of the H 
        atoms attached to C atoms in the nonfluorinated substance from 
        which they are notionally derived have been replaced by F 
        atoms, except those H atoms whose substitution would modify the 
        nature of any functional groups present.
            (2) Polyfluoroalkyl substances.--The term ``polyfluoroalkyl 
        substances'' means aliphatic substances for which all H atoms 
        attached to at least one (but not all) C atoms have been 
        replaced by F atoms, in such a manner that they contain the 
        perfluoroalkyl moiety C<INF>n</INF>F<INF>2n+1</INF>_ (for 
        example, 
        C<INF>8</INF>F<INF>17</INF>CH<INF>2</INF>CH<INF>2</INF>OH).

SEC. 317. TRANSFER AUTHORITY FOR FUNDING OF STUDY AND ASSESSMENT ON 
              HEALTH IMPLICATIONS OF PER- AND POLYFLUOROALKYL 
              SUBSTANCES CONTAMINATION IN DRINKING WATER BY AGENCY FOR 
              TOXIC SUBSTANCES AND DISEASE REGISTRY.

    Section 316(a)(2)(B)(ii) of the National Defense Authorization Act 
for Fiscal Year 2018 (Public Law 115-91; 131 Stat. 1350), as amended by 
section 315(a) of the John S. McCain National Defense Authorization Act 
for Fiscal Year 2019 (Public Law 115-232), is amended by striking 
``2019 and 2020'' and inserting ``2019, 2020, and 2021''.

SEC. 318. COOPERATIVE AGREEMENTS WITH STATES TO ADDRESS CONTAMINATION 
              BY PERFLUOROALKYL AND POLYFLUOROALKYL SUBSTANCES.

    (a) Cooperative Agreements.--
            (1) In general.--Upon request from the Governor or chief 
        executive of a State, the Secretary of Defense shall work 
        expeditiously, pursuant to section 2701(d) of title 10, United 
        States Code, to finalize a cooperative agreement, or amend an 
        existing cooperative agreement to address testing, monitoring, 
        removal, and remedial actions relating to the contamination or 
        suspected contamination of drinking, surface, or ground water 
        from PFAS originating from activities of the Department of 
        Defense by providing the mechanism and funding for the 
        expedited review and approval of documents of the Department 
        related to PFAS investigations and remedial actions from an 
        active or decommissioned military installation, including a 
        facility of the National Guard.
            (2) Minimum standards.--A cooperative agreement finalized 
        or amended under paragraph (1) shall meet or exceed the most 
        stringent of the following standards for PFAS in any 
        environmental media:
                    (A) An enforceable State standard, in effect in 
                that State, for drinking, surface, or ground water, as 
                described in section 121(d)(2)(A)(ii) of the 
                Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and 
                Liability Act of 1980 (42 U.S.C. 9621(d)(2)(A)(ii)).
                    (B) An enforceable Federal standard for drinking, 
                surface, or ground water, as described in section 
                121(d)(2)(A)(i) of the Comprehensive Environmental 
                Response, Compensation, and Liability Act of 1980 (42 
                U.S.C. 9621(d)(2)(A)(i)).
    (b) Report.--Beginning on February 1, 2020, if a cooperative 
agreement is not finalized or amended under subsection (a) within one 
year after the request from the Governor or chief executive under that 
subsection, and annually thereafter, the Secretary of Defense shall 
submit to the appropriate committees and Members of Congress a report--
            (1) explaining why the agreement has not been finalized or 
        amended, as the case may be; and
            (2) setting forth a projected timeline for finalizing or 
        amending the agreement.
    (c) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) Appropriate committees and members of congress.--The 
        term ``appropriate committees and Members of Congress'' means--
                    (A) the congressional defense committees;
                    (B) the Senators who represent a State impacted by 
                PFAS contamination described in subsection (a)(1); and
                    (C) the Members of the House of Representatives who 
                represent a district impacted by such contamination.
            (2) Fully fluorinated carbon atom.--The term ``fully 
        fluorinated carbon atom'' means a carbon atom on which all the 
        hydrogen substituents have been replaced by fluorine.
            (3) PFAS.--The term ``PFAS'' means perfluoroalkyl and 
        polyfluoroalkyl substances that are man-made chemicals with at 
        least one fully fluorinated carbon atom.
            (4) State.--The term ``State'' has the meaning given the 
        term in section 101 of the Comprehensive Environmental 
        Response, Compensation, and Liability Act of 1980 (42 U.S.C. 
        9601).

SEC. 319. MODIFICATION OF DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE ENVIRONMENTAL 
              RESTORATION AUTHORITIES TO INCLUDE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT 
              FACILITIES USED BY NATIONAL GUARD.

    (a) Definition of Facility.--Section 2700(2) of title 10, United 
States Code, is amended--
            (1) by striking ``The terms'' and inserting ``(A) The 
        terms''; and
            (2) by adding at the end the following new subparagraph:
            ``(B) The term `facility' includes real property that is 
        owned by, leased to, or otherwise possessed by the United 
        States at locations at which military activities are conducted 
        under this title or title 32 (including real property owned or 
        leased by the Federal Government that is licensed to and 
        operated by a State for training for the National Guard).''.
    (b) Inclusion of Pollutants and Contaminants in Environmental 
Response Actions.--Section 2701(c) of such title is amended by 
inserting ``or pollutants or contaminants'' after ``hazardous 
substances'' each place it appears.
    (c) Establishment of Environmental Restoration Accounts.--Section 
2703(a) of such title is amended by adding at the end the following new 
paragraphs:
            ``(6) An account to be known as the `Environmental 
        Restoration Account, Army National Guard' (for real property 
        owned or leased by the Federal Government that is licensed to 
        and operated by a State for training for the Army National 
        Guard).
            ``(7) An account to be known as the `Environmental 
        Restoration Account, Air National Guard' (for real property 
        owned or leased by the Federal Government that is licensed to 
        and operated by a State for training for the Air National 
        Guard).''.

SEC. 320. BUDGETING OF DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE RELATING TO EXTREME 
              WEATHER.

    (a) In General.--The Secretary of Defense shall include in the 
annual budget submission of the President under section 1105(a) of 
title 31, United States Code--
            (1) a dedicated budget line item for adaptation to, and 
        mitigation of, effects of extreme weather on military networks, 
        systems, installations, facilities, and other assets and 
        capabilities of the Department of Defense; and
            (2) an estimate of the anticipated adverse impacts to the 
        readiness of the Department and the financial costs to the 
        Department during the year covered by the budget of the loss 
        of, or damage to, military networks, systems, installations, 
        facilities, and other assets and capabilities of the 
        Department, including loss of or obstructed access to training 
        ranges, as a result extreme weather events.
    (b) Disaggregation of Impacts and Costs.--The estimate under 
subsection (a)(2) shall set forth the adverse readiness impacts and 
financial costs under that subsection by military department, Defense 
Agency, and other component or element of the Department.
    (c) Extreme Weather Defined.--In this section, the term ``extreme 
weather'' means recurrent flooding, drought, desertification, 
wildfires, and thawing permafrost.

SEC. 321. PILOT PROGRAM FOR AVAILABILITY OF WORKING-CAPITAL FUNDS FOR 
              INCREASED COMBAT CAPABILITY THROUGH ENERGY OPTIMIZATION.

    (a) In General.--Notwithstanding section 2208 of title 10, United 
States Code, the Secretary of Defense and the military departments may 
use a working capital fund established pursuant to that section for 
expenses directly related to conducting a pilot program for energy 
optimization initiatives described in subsection (b).
    (b) Energy Optimization Initiatives.--Energy optimization 
initiatives covered by the pilot program include the research, 
development, procurement, installation, and sustainment of technologies 
or weapons system platforms, and the manpower required to do so, that 
would improve the efficiency and maintainability, extend the useful 
life, lower maintenance costs, or provide performance enhancement of 
the weapon system platform or major end item.
    (c) Limitation on Certain Projects.--Funds may not be used pursuant 
to subsection (a) for--
            (1) any product improvement that significantly changes the 
        performance envelope of an end item; or
            (2) any single component with an estimated total cost in 
        excess of $10,000,000.
    (d) Limitation in Fiscal Year Pending Timely Report.--If during any 
fiscal year the report required by paragraph (1) of subsection (e) is 
not submitted by the date specified in paragraph (2) of that 
subsection, funds may not be used pursuant to subsection (a) during the 
period--
            (1) beginning on the date specified in such paragraph (2); 
        and
            (2) ending on the date of the submittal of the report.
    (e) Annual Report.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense shall submit an 
        annual report to the congressional defense committees on the 
        use of the authority under subsection (a) during the preceding 
        fiscal year.
            (2) Deadline for submittal.--The report required by 
        paragraph (1) in a fiscal year shall be submitted not later 
        than 60 days after the date of the submittal to Congress of the 
        budget of the President for the succeeding fiscal year pursuant 
        to section 1105 of title 31, United States Code.
            (3) Recommendation.--In the case of the report required to 
        be submitted under paragraph (1) during fiscal year 2020, the 
        report shall include the recommendation of the Secretary of 
        Defense and the military departments regarding whether the 
        authority under subsection (a) should be made permanent.
    (f) Sunset.--The authority under subsection (a) shall expire on 
October 1, 2024.

SEC. 322. REPORT ON EFFORTS TO REDUCE HIGH ENERGY INTENSITY AT MILITARY 
              INSTALLATIONS.

    (a) Report.--
            (1) Report required.--Not later than September 1, 2020, the 
        Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment, in 
        conjunction with the assistant secretaries responsible for 
        installations and environment for the military departments and 
        the Defense Logistics Agency, shall submit to the congressional 
        defense committees a report detailing the efforts to achieve 
        cost savings at military installations with high energy 
        intensity.
            (2) Elements.--The report required under paragraph (1) 
        shall include the following elements:
                    (A) A comprehensive, installation-specific 
                assessment of feasible and mission-appropriate energy 
                initiatives supporting energy production and 
                consumption at military installations with high energy 
                intensity.
                    (B) An assessment of current sources of energy in 
                areas with high energy intensity and potential future 
                sources that are technologically feasible, cost-
                effective, and mission-appropriate for military 
                installations.
                    (C) A comprehensive implementation strategy to 
                include required investment for feasible energy 
                efficiency options determined to be the most beneficial 
                and cost-effective, where appropriate, and consistent 
                with priorities of the Department of Defense.
                    (D) An explanation on how the military departments 
                are working collaboratively in order to leverage 
                lessons learned on potential energy efficiency 
                solutions.
                    (E) An assessment of the extent to which activities 
                administered under the Federal Energy Management 
                Program of the Department of Energy could be used to 
                assist with the implementation strategy under 
                subparagraph (C).
                    (F) An assessment of State and local partnership 
                opportunities that could achieve efficiency and cost 
                savings, and any legislative authorities required to 
                carry out such partnerships or agreements.
            (3) Coordination with state, local, and other entities.--In 
        preparing the report required under paragraph (1), the Under 
        Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment may work 
        in conjunction and coordinate with the States containing areas 
        of high energy intensity, local communities, and other Federal 
        agencies.
    (b) Definition.--In this section, the term ``high energy 
intensity'' means costs for the provision of energy by kilowatt of 
electricity or British Thermal Unit of heat or steam for a military 
installation in the United States that is in the highest 20 percent of 
all military installations for a military department.

SEC. 323. TECHNICAL AND GRAMMATICAL CORRECTIONS AND REPEAL OF OBSOLETE 
              PROVISIONS RELATING TO ENERGY.

    (a) Technical and Grammatical Corrections.--
            (1) Technical corrections.--Title 10, United States Code, 
        is amended--
                    (A) in section 2913(c), by striking ``government'' 
                and inserting ``government or''; and
                    (B) in section 2926(d)(1), in the second sentence, 
                by striking ``Defense Agencies'' and inserting ``the 
                Defense Agencies''.
            (2) Grammatical corrections.--Such title is further 
        amended--
                    (A) in section 2922a(d), by striking ``resilience 
                are prioritized and included'' and inserting ``energy 
                resilience are included as critical factors''; and
                    (B) in section 2925(a)(3), by striking ``impacting 
                energy'' and all that follows through the period at the 
                end and inserting ``degrading energy resilience at 
                military installations (excluding planned outages for 
                maintenance reasons), whether caused by on- or off-
                installation disruptions, including the total number of 
                outages and their locations, the duration of each 
                outage, the financial effect of each outage, whether or 
                not the mission was affected, the downtimes (in minutes 
                or hours) the mission can afford based on mission 
                requirements and risk tolerances, the responsible 
                authority managing the utility, and measures taken to 
                mitigate the outage by the responsible authority.''.
    (b) Clarification of Applicability of Conflicting Amendments Made 
by 2018 Defense Authorization Act.--Section 2911(e) of such title is 
amended--
            (1) by striking paragraphs (1) and (2) and inserting the 
        following new paragraphs:
            ``(1) Opportunities to reduce the current rate of 
        consumption of energy, the future demand for energy, and the 
        requirement for the use of energy.
            ``(2) Opportunities to enhance energy resilience to ensure 
        the Department of Defense has the ability to prepare for and 
        recover from energy disruptions that affect mission assurance 
        on military installations.''; and
            (2) by striking the second paragraph (13).
    (c) Conforming and Clerical Amendments.--
            (1) Heading amendment.--The heading of section 2926 of such 
        title is amended to read as follows:
``Sec. 2926. Operational energy''.
            (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at the 
        beginning of chapter 173 of such title is amended by striking 
        the item relating to section 2926 and inserting the following 
        new item:

``2926. Operational energy.''.

                 Subtitle C--Logistics and Sustainment

SEC. 331. REQUIREMENT FOR MEMORANDA OF UNDERSTANDING BETWEEN THE AIR 
              FORCE AND THE NAVY REGARDING DEPOT MAINTENANCE.

    Before the Secretary of the Navy transfers any maintenance action 
on a platform to a depot under the jurisdiction of the Secretary of the 
Air Force or the Secretary of the Air Force transfers any maintenance 
action on a platform to a depot under the jurisdiction of the Secretary 
of the Navy, the Air Logistics Complex Commander and the Commander of 
Naval Air Systems Command shall enter into a joint memorandum of 
understanding that lists out responsibilities for work and technical 
oversight responsibilities for such maintenance.

SEC. 332. MODIFICATION TO LIMITATION ON LENGTH OF OVERSEAS FORWARD 
              DEPLOYMENT OF NAVAL VESSELS.

    Section 323 of the John S. McCain National Defense Authorization 
Act for Fiscal Year 2019 (Public Law 115-232) is amended--
            (1) by redesignating subsection (c) as subsection (d); and
            (2) by inserting after subsection (b) the following new 
        subsection (c):
    ``(c) Extension of Limitation on Length of Overseas Forward 
Deployment for U.S.S. Shiloh (CG-67).--Notwithstanding subsection (b), 
the Secretary of the Navy shall ensure that the U.S.S. Shiloh (CG-67) 
is assigned a homeport in the United States by not later than September 
30, 2023.''.

                          Subtitle D--Reports

SEC. 341. REPORT ON MODERNIZATION OF JOINT PACIFIC ALASKA RANGE 
              COMPLEX.

    (a) Report Required.--Not later than May 1, 2020, the Secretary of 
the Air Force shall submit to the congressional defense committees a 
report on the long-term modernization of the Joint Pacific Alaska Range 
Complex (in this section referred to as the ``JPARC'').
    (b) Elements.--The report required under subsection (a) shall 
include the following:
            (1) An assessment of the requirement for the JPARC to 
        provide realistic training against modern adversaries, 
        including 5th generation adversary aircraft and ground threats, 
        and any current limitations compared to those requirements.
            (2) An assessment of the requirement for JPARC to provide a 
        realistic anti-access area denial training environment and any 
        current limitations compared to those requirements.
            (3) An assessment of the requirement to modernize the JPARC 
        to provide realistic threats in a large-scale, combined-arms 
        near-peer environment and any current limitations in meeting 
        that requirement. The assessment should include--
                    (A) target sets;
                    (B) early warning and surveillance systems;
                    (C) threat systems;
                    (D) real-time communications capacity and security;
                    (E) instrumentation and enabling mission data 
                fusion capabilities; and
                    (F) such other range deficiencies as the Secretary 
                of the Air Force considers appropriate to identify.
            (4) A plan for balancing coalition training against 
        training only for members of the Armed Forces of the United 
        States at the JPARC.

                       Subtitle E--Other Matters

SEC. 351. STRATEGY TO IMPROVE INFRASTRUCTURE OF CERTAIN DEPOTS OF THE 
              DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE.

    (a) Strategy Required.--Not later than October 1, 2020, the 
Secretary of Defense shall submit to the congressional defense 
committees a comprehensive strategy for improving the depot 
infrastructure of the military departments with the objective of 
ensuring that all covered depots have the capacity and capability to 
support the readiness and material availability goals of current and 
future weapon systems of the Department of Defense.
    (b) Elements.--The strategy under subsection (a) shall include the 
following:
            (1) A comprehensive review of the conditions and 
        performance at each covered depot, including the following:
                    (A) An assessment of the current status of the 
                following elements:
                            (i) Cost and schedule performance of the 
                        depot.
                            (ii) Material availability of weapon 
                        systems supported at the depot and the impact 
                        of the performance of the depot on that 
                        availability.
                            (iii) Work in progress and non-operational 
                        items awaiting depot maintenance.
                            (iv) The condition of the depot.
                            (v) The backlog of restoration and 
                        modernization projects at the depot.
                            (vi) The condition of equipment at the 
                        depot.
                    (B) An identification of analytically based goals 
                relating to the elements identified in subparagraph 
                (A).
            (2) A business-case analysis that assesses investment 
        alternatives comparing cost, performance, risk, and readiness 
        outcomes and recommends an optimal investment approach across 
        the Department of Defense to ensure covered depots efficiently 
        and effectively meet the readiness goals of the Department, 
        including an assessment of the following alternatives:
                    (A) The minimum investment necessary to meet 
                investment requirements under section 2476 of title 10, 
                United States Code.
                    (B) The investment necessary to ensure the current 
                inventory of facilities at covered depots can meet the 
                mission-capable, readiness, and contingency goals of 
                the Secretary of Defense.
                    (C) The investment necessary to execute the depot 
                infrastructure optimization plans of each military 
                department.
                    (D) Any other strategies for investment in covered 
                depots, as identified by the Secretary.
            (3) A plan to improve conditions and performance of covered 
        depots that identifies the following:
                    (A) The approach of the Secretary of Defense for 
                achieving the goals outlined in paragraph (1)(B).
                    (B) The resources and investments required to 
                implement the plan.
                    (C) The activities and milestones required to 
                implement the plan.
                    (D) A results-oriented approach to assess--
                            (i) the progress of each military 
                        department in achieving such goals; and
                            (ii) the progress of the Department in 
                        implementing the plan.
                    (E) Organizational roles and responsibilities for 
                implementing the plan.
                    (F) A process for conducting regular management 
                review and coordination of the progress of each 
                military department in implementing the plan and 
                achieving such goals.
                    (G) The extent to which the Secretary has addressed 
                recommendations made by the Comptroller General of the 
                United States relating to depot operations during the 
                five-year period preceding the date of submittal of the 
                strategy under this section.
                    (H) Risks to implementing the plan and mitigation 
                strategies to address those risks.
    (c) Annual Report on Progress.--As part of the annual budget 
submission of the President under section 1105(a) of title 31, United 
States Code, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the congressional 
defense committees a report describing the progress made in--
            (1) implementing the strategy under subsection (a); and
            (2) achieving the goals outlined in subsection (b)(1)(B).
    (d) Comptroller General Reports.--
            (1) Assessment of strategy.--Not later than January 1, 
        2021, the Comptroller General of the United States shall submit 
        to the congressional defense committees a report assessing the 
        extent to which the strategy under subsection (a) meets the 
        requirements of this section.
            (2) Assessment of implementation.--Not later than April 1, 
        2022, the Comptroller General shall submit to the congressional 
        defense committees a report setting forth an assessment of the 
        extent to which the strategy under subsection (a) has been 
        effectively implemented by each military department and the 
        Secretary of Defense.
    (e) Covered Depot Defined.--In this section, the term ``covered 
depot'' has the meaning given that term in section 2476(e) of title 10, 
United States Code.

SEC. 352. LIMITATION ON USE OF FUNDS REGARDING THE BASING OF KC-46A 
              AIRCRAFT OUTSIDE THE CONTINENTAL UNITED STATES.

    (a) Report.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
        the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of the Air Force shall 
        submit to Congress a report on the projected plan and timeline 
        for strategic basing of the KC-46A aircraft outside the 
        continental United States.
            (2) Elements.--In considering basing options in the report 
        required by paragraph (1), the Secretary of the Air Force shall 
        consider locations that--
                    (A) support day-to-day air refueling operations, 
                operations plans of the combatant commands, and 
                flexibility for contingency operations, and have--
                            (i) a strategic location that is essential 
                        to the defense of the United States and its 
                        interests;
                            (ii) receivers for boom or probe-and-drogue 
                        combat training opportunities with joint and 
                        international partners; and
                            (iii) sufficient airfield and airspace 
                        availability and capacity to meet requirements; 
                        and
                    (B) possess facilities that--
                            (i) take full advantage of existing 
                        infrastructure to provide--
                                    (I) runways, hangars, and aircrew 
                                and maintenance operations; and
                                    (II) sufficient fuel receipt, 
                                storage, and distribution for a five-
                                day peacetime operating stock; and
                            (ii) minimize overall construction and 
                        operational costs.
    (b) Limitation on Use of Funds.--Not more than 85 percent of the 
funds authorized to be appropriated by this Act or otherwise made 
available for fiscal year 2020 for the Air Force for operation and 
maintenance for the Management Headquarters Program (Program Element 
92398F) may be obligated or expended until the Secretary of the Air 
Force submits the report required by subsection (a) unless the 
Secretary of the Air Force certifies to Congress that the use of 
additional funds is mission essential.

SEC. 353. PREVENTION OF ENCROACHMENT ON MILITARY TRAINING ROUTES AND 
              MILITARY OPERATIONS AREAS.

    Section 183a of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in subsection (c)(6)--
                    (A) by striking ``radar or airport surveillance 
                radar operated'' and inserting ``radar, airport 
                surveillance radar, or wide area surveillance over-the-
                horizon radar operated''; and
                    (B) by inserting ``Any setback for a project 
                pursuant to the previous sentence shall not be more 
                than what is determined to be necessary by a technical 
                analysis conducted by the Lincoln Laboratory at the 
                Massachusetts Institute of Technology or any successor 
                entity.'' after ``mitigation options.'';
            (2) in subsection (d)--
                    (A) in paragraph (2)(E), by striking ``to a Deputy 
                Secretary of Defense, an Under Secretary of Defense, or 
                a Principal Deputy Under Secretary of Defense'' and 
                inserting ``to the Deputy Secretary of Defense, an 
                Under Secretary of Defense, or a Deputy Under Secretary 
                of Defense'';
                    (B) by redesignating paragraph (3) as paragraph 
                (4); and
                    (C) by inserting after paragraph (2) the following 
                new paragraph (3):
            ``(3) The governor of a State may recommend to the 
        Secretary of Defense additional geographical areas of concern 
        within that State. Any such recommendation shall be submitted 
        for notice and comment pursuant to paragraph (2)(C).'';
            (3) in subsection (e)(3), by striking ``an under secretary 
        of defense, or a deputy under secretary of defense'' and 
        inserting ``an Under Secretary of Defense, or a Deputy Under 
        Secretary of Defense'';
            (4) in subsection (f), by striking ``from an applicant for 
        a project filed with the Secretary of Transportation pursuant 
        to section 44718 of title 49'' and inserting ``from an entity 
        requesting a review by the Clearinghouse under this section''; 
        and
            (5) in subsection (h)--
                    (A) by redesignating paragraphs (3), (4), (5), (6), 
                and (7) as paragraphs (4), (5), (6), (7), and (9), 
                respectively;
                    (B) by inserting after paragraph (2) the following 
                new paragraph (3):
            ``(3) The term `governor', with respect to a State, means 
        the chief executive officer of the State.'';
                    (C) in paragraph (7), as redesignated by 
                subparagraph (A), by striking ``by the Federal Aviation 
                Administration'' and inserting ``by the Administrator 
                of the Federal Aviation Administration''; and
                    (D) by inserting after paragraph (7), as 
                redesignated by subparagraph (A), the following new 
                paragraph:
            ``(8) The term `State' means the several States, the 
        District of Columbia, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, the 
        Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, Guam, the United 
        States Virgin Islands, and American Samoa.''.

SEC. 354. EXPANSION AND ENHANCEMENT OF AUTHORITIES ON TRANSFER AND 
              ADOPTION OF MILITARY ANIMALS.

    (a) Transfer and Adoption Generally.--Section 2583 of title 10, 
United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a)--
                    (A) in the subsection heading, by inserting 
                ``Transfer or'' before ``Adoption''; and
                    (B) by striking ``adoption'' each place it appears 
                and inserting ``transfer or adoption'';
            (2) in subsection (b)--
                    (A) in the subsection heading, by inserting 
                ``Transfer or'' before ``Adoption''; and
                    (B) in the first sentence, by striking ``adoption'' 
                and inserting ``transfer or adoption''; and
                    (C) in the second sentence, striking 
                ``adoptability'' and inserting ``transferability or 
                adoptability'';
            (3) in subsection (c)(1)--
                    (A) in the matter preceding subparagraph (A)--
                            (i) by inserting ``transfer or'' before 
                        ``adoption''; and
                            (ii) by inserting ``, by'' after 
                        ``recommended priority'';
                    (B) in subparagraphs (A) and (B), by inserting 
                ``adoption'' before ``by'';
                    (C) in subparagraph (B), by inserting ``or 
                organizations'' after ``persons''; and
                    (D) in subparagraph (C), by striking ``by'' and 
                inserting ``transfer to''; and
            (4) in subsection (e)--
                    (A) in the subsection heading, by inserting ``or 
                Adopted''after ``Transferred'';
                    (B) in paragraphs (1) and (2), by striking 
                ``transferred'' each place it appears and inserting 
                ``transferred or adopted''; and
                    (C) in paragraph (2), by striking ``transfer'' each 
                place it appears and inserting ``transfer or 
                adoption''.
    (b) Veterinary Screening and Care for Military Working Dogs to Be 
Retired.--Such section is further amended--
            (1) by redesignating subsections (f), (g), and (h) as 
        subsections (g), (h), and (i), respectively; and
            (2) by inserting after subsection (e) the following new 
        subsection (f):
    ``(f) Veterinary Screening and Care for Military Working Dogs To Be 
Retired.--(1)(A) If the Secretary of the military department concerned 
determines that a military working dog should be retired, such 
Secretary shall transport the dog to the Veterinary Treatment Facility 
at Lackland Air Force Base, Texas.
    ``(B) In the case of a contract working dog to be retired, 
transportation required by subparagraph (A) is satisfied by the 
transfer of the dog to the 341st Training Squadron at the end of the 
dog's service life as required by section 2410r of this title and 
assignment of the dog to the Veterinary Treatment Facility referred to 
in that subparagraph.
    ``(2)(A) The Secretary of Defense shall ensure that each dog 
transported as described in paragraph (1) to the Veterinary Treatment 
Facility referred to in that paragraph is provided with a full 
veterinary screening, and necessary veterinary care (including surgery 
for any mental, dental, or stress-related illness), before 
transportation of the dog in accordance with subsection (g).
    ``(B) For purposes of this paragraph, stress-related illness 
includes illness in connection with post-traumatic stress, anxiety that 
manifests in a physical ailment, obsessive compulsive behavior, and any 
other stress-related ailment.
    ``(3) Transportation is not required under paragraph (1), and 
screening and care is not required under paragraph (2), for a military 
working dog located outside the United States if the Secretary of the 
military department concerned determines that transportation of the dog 
to the United States would not be in the best interests of the dog for 
medical reasons.''.
    (c) Coordination of Screening and Care Requirements With 
Transportation Requirements.--Subsection (g) of such section, as 
redesignated by subsection (b)(1) of this section, is amended to read 
as follows:
    ``(g) Transportation of Retiring Military Working Dogs.--Upon 
completion of veterinary screening and care for a military working dog 
to be retired pursuant to subsection (f), the Secretary of the military 
department concerned shall--
            ``(1) if the dog was at a location outside the United 
        States immediately prior to transportation for such screening 
        and care and a United States citizen or member of the armed 
        forces living abroad agrees to adopt the dog, transport the dog 
        to such location for adoption; or
            ``(2) for any other dog, transport the dog--
                    ``(A) to the 341st Training Squadron;
                    ``(B) to another location within the United States 
                for transfer or adoption under this section.''.
    (d) Preservation of Policy on Transfer of Military Working Dogs to 
Law Enforcement Agencies.--Subsection (h) of such section, as so 
redesignated, is amended in paragraph (3) by striking ``adoption of 
military working dogs'' and all that follows through the period at the 
end and inserting ``transfer of military working dogs to law 
enforcement agencies before the end of the dogs' useful working 
lives.''.
    (e) Clarification of Horses Treatable as Military Animals.--
Subsection (i) of such section, as so redesignated, is amended by 
striking paragraph (2) and inserting the following new paragraph (2):
            ``(2) An equid (horse, mule, or donkey) owned by the 
        Department of Defense.''.
    (f) Contract Term for Contract Working Dogs.--Section 2410r(a) of 
title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) by inserting ``, and shall contain a contract term,'' 
        after ``shall require'';
            (2) by inserting ``and assigned for veterinary screening 
        and care in accordance with section 2583 of this title'' after 
        ``341st Training Squadron''; and
            (3) by striking ``section 2583 of this title'' and 
        inserting ``such section''.

SEC. 355. LIMITATION ON CONTRACTING RELATING TO DEFENSE PERSONAL 
              PROPERTY PROGRAM.

    (a) Contracting Prohibition.--The Secretary of Defense may not 
enter into or award any single or multiple-award contract to a single-
source or multiple-vendor commercial provider for the management of the 
Defense Personal Property Program during the period beginning on the 
date of the enactment of this Act and ending on the date that is 60 
days after the date on which the Comptroller General of the United 
States submits to the congressional defense committees a report on the 
administration of the Defense Personal Property Program, which was 
requested by the Committee on Armed Services of the Senate to be 
submitted to the congressional defense committees not later than 
February 15, 2020.
    (b) Review of Proposals.--Nothing in this section shall be 
construed as preventing the Secretary of Defense from reviewing or 
evaluating any solicited or unsolicited proposals to improve the 
Defense Personal Property Program.

SEC. 356. PROHIBITION ON SUBJECTIVE UPGRADES BY COMMANDERS OF UNIT 
              RATINGS IN MONTHLY READINESS REPORTING ON MILITARY UNITS.

    (a) In General.--The Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff shall 
modify Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff Instruction (CJCSI) 
3401.02B, on Force Readiness Reporting, to prohibit the commander of a 
military unit who is responsible for monthly reporting of the readiness 
of the unit under the instruction from making any upgrade of the 
overall rating of the unit (commonly referred to as the ``C-rating'') 
for such reporting purposes based in whole or in part on subjective 
factors.
    (b) Waiver.--
            (1) In general.--The modification required by subsection 
        (a) shall authorize an officer in a general or flag officer 
        grade in the chain of command of a commander described in that 
        subsection to waive the prohibition described in that 
        subsection in connection with readiness reporting on the unit 
        concerned if the officer considers the waiver appropriate in 
        the circumstances.
            (2) Reporting on waivers.--Each report on personnel and 
        unit readiness submitted to Congress for a calendar year 
        quarter pursuant to section 482 of title 10, United States 
        Code, shall include information on each waiver, if any, issued 
        pursuant to paragraph (1) during such calendar year quarter.

SEC. 357. EXTENSION OF TEMPORARY INSTALLATION REUTILIZATION AUTHORITY 
              FOR ARSENALS, DEPOTS, AND PLANTS.

    Section 345(d) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 2018 (Public Law 115-91; 10 U.S.C. 2667 note) is amended by 
striking ``September 30, 2020'' and inserting ``September 30, 2025''.

SEC. 358. CLARIFICATION OF FOOD INGREDIENT REQUIREMENTS FOR FOOD OR 
              BEVERAGES PROVIDED BY THE DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE.

    (a) In General.--Before making any final rule, statement, or 
determination regarding the limitation or prohibition of any food or 
beverage ingredient in military food service, military medical foods, 
commissary food, or commissary food service, the Secretary of Defense 
shall publish in the Federal Register a notice of a preliminary rule, 
statement, or determination (in this section referred to as a 
``proposed action'') and provide opportunity for public comment.
    (b) Matters To Be Included.--The Secretary shall include in any 
notice published under subsection (a) the following:
            (1) The date and contact information for the appropriate 
        office at the Department of Defense.
            (2) A summary of the notice.
            (3) A date for comments to be submitted and specific 
        methods for submitting comments.
            (4) A description of the substance of the proposed action.
            (5) Findings and a statement of reason supporting the 
        proposed action.

SEC. 359. TECHNICAL CORRECTION TO DEADLINE FOR TRANSITION TO DEFENSE 
              READINESS REPORTING SYSTEM STRATEGIC.

    Section 358(c) of the John S. McCain National Defense Authorization 
Act for Fiscal Year 2019 (Public Law 115-232) is amended by striking 
``October 1, 2019'' and inserting ``October 1, 2020''.

              TITLE IV--MILITARY PERSONNEL AUTHORIZATIONS

                       Subtitle A--Active Forces

SEC. 401. END STRENGTHS FOR ACTIVE FORCES.

    The Armed Forces are authorized strengths for active duty personnel 
as of September 30, 2020, as follows:
            (1) The Army, 480,000.
            (2) The Navy, 340,500.
            (3) The Marine Corps, 186,200.
            (4) The Air Force, 332,800.

                       Subtitle B--Reserve Forces

SEC. 411. END STRENGTHS FOR SELECTED RESERVE.

    (a) In General.--The Armed Forces are authorized strengths for 
Selected Reserve personnel of the reserve components as of September 
30, 2020, as follows:
            (1) The Army National Guard of the United States, 336,000.
            (2) The Army Reserve, 189,500.
            (3) The Navy Reserve, 59,000.
            (4) The Marine Corps Reserve, 38,500.
            (5) The Air National Guard of the United States, 107,700.
            (6) The Air Force Reserve, 70,100.
            (7) The Coast Guard Reserve, 7,000.
    (b) End Strength Reductions.--The end strengths prescribed by 
subsection (a) for the Selected Reserve of any reserve component shall 
be proportionately reduced by--
            (1) the total authorized strength of units organized to 
        serve as units of the Selected Reserve of such component which 
        are on active duty (other than for training) at the end of the 
        fiscal year; and
            (2) the total number of individual members not in units 
        organized to serve as units of the Selected Reserve of such 
        component who are on active duty (other than for training or 
        for unsatisfactory participation in training) without their 
        consent at the end of the fiscal year.
    (c) End Strength Increases.--Whenever units or individual members 
of the Selected Reserve of any reserve component are released from 
active duty during any fiscal year, the end strength prescribed for 
such fiscal year for the Selected Reserve of such reserve component 
shall be increased proportionately by the total authorized strengths of 
such units and by the total number of such individual members.

SEC. 412. END STRENGTHS FOR RESERVES ON ACTIVE DUTY IN SUPPORT OF THE 
              RESERVES.

    Within the end strengths prescribed in section 411(a), the reserve 
components of the Armed Forces are authorized, as of September 30, 
2020, the following number of Reserves to be serving on full-time 
active duty or full-time duty, in the case of members of the National 
Guard, for the purpose of organizing, administering, recruiting, 
instructing, or training the reserve components:
            (1) The Army National Guard of the United States, 30,595.
            (2) The Army Reserve, 16,511.
            (3) The Navy Reserve, 10,155.
            (4) The Marine Corps Reserve, 2,386.
            (5) The Air National Guard of the United States, 22,637.
            (6) The Air Force Reserve, 4,431.

SEC. 413. END STRENGTHS FOR MILITARY TECHNICIANS (DUAL STATUS).

    (a) In General.--The authorized number of military technicians 
(dual status) as of the last day of fiscal year 2020 for the reserve 
components of the Army and the Air Force (notwithstanding section 129 
of title 10, United States Code) shall be the following:
            (1) For the Army National Guard of the United States, 
        22,294.
            (2) For the Army Reserve, 6,492.
            (3) For the Air National Guard of the United States, 
        13,569.
            (4) For the Air Force Reserve, 8,938.
    (b) Variance.--Notwithstanding section 115 of title 10, United 
States Code, the end strength prescribed by subsection (a) for a 
reserve component specified in that subsection may be increased--
            (1) by 3 percent, upon determination by the Secretary of 
        Defense that such action is in the national interest; and
            (2) by 2 percent, upon determination by the Secretary of 
        the military department concerned that such action would 
        enhance manning and readiness in essential units or in critical 
        specialties or ratings.
    (c) Limitation.--Under no circumstances may a military technician 
(dual status) employed under the authority of this section be coerced 
by a State into accepting an offer of realignment or conversion to any 
other military status, including as a member of the Active, Guard, and 
Reserve program of a reserve component. If a military technician (dual 
status) declines to participate in such realignment or conversion, no 
further action will be taken against the individual or the individual's 
position.
    (d) Adjustment of Authorized Strength.--
            (1) In general.--If, at the end of fiscal year 2019, the 
        Air National Guard of the United States does not meet its full-
        time support realignment goals for such fiscal year (as 
        presented in the justification materials of the Department of 
        Defense in support of the budget of the President for such 
        fiscal year under section 1105 of title 31, United States 
        Code), the authorized number of military technicians (dual 
        status) of the Air National Guard of the United States under 
        subsection (a)(3) shall be increased by the number equal to 
        difference between--
                    (A) 3,190, which is the number of military 
                technicians (dual status) positions in the Air National 
                Guard of the United States sought to be converted to 
                the Active, Guard, and Reserve program of the Air 
                National Guard during fiscal year 2019; and
                    (B) the number of realigned positions achieved in 
                the Air National Guard by the end of fiscal year 2019.
            (2) Limitation.--The increase under paragraph (1) in the 
        authorized number of military technician (dual status) 
        positions described in that paragraph may not exceed 2,292.
            (3) Decrease in authorized number of angus reserves on 
        active duty in support of the reserves.--In the event of an 
        adjustment to the authorized number military technicians (dual 
        status) of the Air National Guard of the United States under 
        this subsection, the number of members of the Air National 
        Guard of the United States authorized by section 412(5) to be 
        on active duty as of September 30, 2020, shall be decreased by 
        the number equal to the number of such adjustment.
    (e) Certification.--Not later than January 1, 2020, the Chief of 
the National Guard Bureau shall certify to the Committees on Armed 
Services of the Senate and House of Representatives the number of 
positions realigned from a military technician (dual status) position 
to a position in the Active, Guard, and Reserve program of a reserve 
component in fiscal year 2019.
    (f) Definitions.--In subsections (c), (d), and (e):
            (1) The term ``realigned position'' means any military 
        technician (dual status) position which has been converted or 
        realigned to a position in an Active, Guard, and Reserve 
        program of a reserve component under the full time support 
        rebalancing plan of the Armed Force concerned, regardless of 
        whether such position is encumbered.
            (2) The term ``Active, Guard, and Reserve program'', in the 
        case of a reserve component, means the program of the reserve 
        component under which Reserves serve on full-time active duty 
        or full-time duty, in the case of members of the National 
        Guard, for the purpose of organizing, administering, 
        recruiting, instructing, or training such reserve component.

SEC. 414. MAXIMUM NUMBER OF RESERVE PERSONNEL AUTHORIZED TO BE ON 
              ACTIVE DUTY FOR OPERATIONAL SUPPORT.

    During fiscal year 2020, the maximum number of members of the 
reserve components of the Armed Forces who may be serving at any time 
on full-time operational support duty under section 115(b) of title 10, 
United States Code, is the following:
            (1) The Army National Guard of the United States, 17,000.
            (2) The Army Reserve, 13,000.
            (3) The Navy Reserve, 6,200.
            (4) The Marine Corps Reserve, 3,000.
            (5) The Air National Guard of the United States, 16,000.
            (6) The Air Force Reserve, 14,000.

SEC. 415. AUTHORIZED STRENGTHS FOR MARINE CORPS RESERVES ON ACTIVE 
              DUTY.

    (a) Officers.--Section 12011(a)(1) of title 10, United States Code, 
is amended by striking that part of the table pertaining to the Marine 
Corps Reserve and inserting the following:
    ``Marine Corps Reserve:


2,400.........................          143           105            34
2,500.........................          149           109            35
2,600.........................          155           113            36
2,700.........................          161           118            37
2,800.........................          167           122            39
2,900.........................          173           126            41
3,000.........................          179           130         42''.
 

    (b) Senior Enlisted Members.--Section 12012(a) of title 10, United 
States Code, is amended by striking that part of the table pertaining 
to the Marine Corps Reserve and inserting the following:
    ``Marine Corps Reserve:


2,400.......................................          106            24
2,500.......................................          112            25
2,600.......................................          116            26
2,700.......................................          121            27
2,800.......................................          125            28
2,900.......................................          130            29
3,000.......................................          134         30''.
 

    (c) Effective Date.--The amendments made by this section shall take 
effect on October 1, 2019, and shall apply with respect to fiscal years 
beginning on or after that date.

              Subtitle C--Authorization of Appropriations

SEC. 421. MILITARY PERSONNEL.

    (a) Authorization of Appropriations.--Funds are hereby authorized 
to be appropriated for fiscal year 2020 for the use of the Armed Forces 
and other activities and agencies of the Department of Defense for 
expenses, not otherwise provided for, for military personnel, as 
specified in the funding table in section 4401.
    (b) Construction of Authorization.--The authorization of 
appropriations in subsection (a) supersedes any other authorization of 
appropriations (definite or indefinite) for such purpose for fiscal 
year 2020.

                   TITLE V--MILITARY PERSONNEL POLICY

                  Subtitle A--Officer Personnel Policy

SEC. 501. REPEAL OF CODIFIED SPECIFICATION OF AUTHORIZED STRENGTHS OF 
              CERTAIN COMMISSIONED OFFICERS ON ACTIVE DUTY.

    Effective as of October 1, 2020, the text of section 523 of title 
10, United States Code, is amended to read as follows:
    ``The total number of commissioned officers serving on active duty 
in the Army, Air Force, or Marine Corps in each of the grades of major, 
lieutenant colonel, or colonel, or in the Navy in each of the grades of 
lieutenant commander, commander, or captain, at the end of any fiscal 
year shall be as specifically authorized by Act of Congress for such 
fiscal year.''.

SEC. 502. MAKER OF ORIGINAL APPOINTMENTS IN A REGULAR OR RESERVE 
              COMPONENT OF COMMISSIONED OFFICERS PREVIOUSLY SUBJECT TO 
              ORIGINAL APPOINTMENT IN OTHER TYPE OF COMPONENT.

    (a) Maker of Regular Appointments in Transfer From Reserve Active-
status List to Active-duty List.--Section 531(c) of title 10, United 
States Code, is amended by striking ``the Secretary concerned'' and 
inserting ``the Secretary of Defense''.
    (b) Maker of Reserve Appointments in Transfer From Active-duty List 
to Reserve Active-status List.--Subsection (b) of section 12203 of such 
title is amended by striking ``the Secretary concerned'' and inserting 
``the Secretary of Defense''.
    (c) Treatment of Regular Appointment as Constructive Reserve 
Appointment To Facilitate Transfer From Active Duty List to Reserve 
Active-status List.--Such section 12203 is further amended--
            (1) by redesignating subsection (c) as subsection (d); and
            (2) by inserting after subsection (b) the following new 
        subsection (c):
    ``(c) For purposes of appointments under this section, an officer 
who receives an original appointment as a regular commissioned officer 
in a grade under section 531 of this title that is made on or after the 
date of the enactment of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
Fiscal Year 2020 shall be deemed also to have received an original 
appointment as a reserve commissioned officer in such grade.''.

SEC. 503. FURNISHING OF ADVERSE INFORMATION ON OFFICERS TO PROMOTION 
              SELECTION BOARDS.

    (a) Expansion of Grades of Officers for Which Information Is 
Furnished.--Section 615(a)(3) of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended--
            (1) by inserting ``(A)'' after ``(3)'';
            (2) in subparagraph (A), as designated by paragraph (1), by 
        striking ``a grade above colonel or, in the case of the Navy, 
        captain,'' and inserting ``a grade specified in subparagraph 
        (B)''; and
            (3) by adding at the end the following new subparagraph:
    ``(B) A grade specified in this subparagraph is as follows:
            ``(i) In the case of a regular officer, a grade above 
        captain or, in the case of the Navy, lieutenant.
            ``(ii) In the case of a reserve officer, a grade above 
        lieutenant colonel or, in the case of the Navy, commander.''.
    (b) Furnishing at Every Phase of Consideration.--Such section is 
further amended by adding at the end the following new subparagraph:
    ``(C) The standards and procedures referred to in subparagraph (A) 
shall require the furnishing to the selection board, and to each 
individual member of the board, the information described in that 
paragraph with regard to an officer in a grade specified in 
subparagraph (B) at each stage or phase of the selection board, 
concurrent with the screening, rating, assessment, evaluation, 
discussion, or other consideration by the board or member of the 
official military personnel file of the officer, or of the officer.''.
    (c) Effective Date.--The amendments made by this section shall take 
effect on the date of the enactment of this Act, and shall apply with 
respect to the proceedings of promotion selection boards convened under 
section 611(a) of title 10, United States Code, after that date.

SEC. 504. LIMITATION ON NUMBER OF OFFICERS RECOMMENDABLE FOR PROMOTION 
              BY PROMOTION SELECTION BOARDS.

    (a) In General.--Section 616 of title 10, United States Code is 
amended--
            (1) by redesignating subsections (d), (e), (f), and (g) as 
        subsections (e), (f), (g), and (h), respectively; and
            (2) by inserting after subsection (c) the following new 
        subsection (d):
    ``(d) The number of officers recommended for promotion by a 
selection board convened under section 611(a) of this title may not 
exceed the number equal to 95 percent of the number of officers 
included in the promotion zone established under section 623 of this 
title for consideration by the board.''.
    (b) Effective Date.--The amendments made by this section shall take 
effect on the date of the enactment of this Act, and shall apply with 
respect to consideration by promotion selection boards convened under 
section 611(a) of title 10, United States Code, of promotion zones that 
are established under section 623 of that title on or after that date.

SEC. 505. EXPANSION OF AUTHORITY FOR CONTINUATION ON ACTIVE DUTY OF 
              OFFICERS IN CERTAIN MILITARY SPECIALTIES AND CAREER 
              TRACKS.

    Section 637a(a) of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
inserting ``separation or'' after ``provided for the''.

SEC. 506. HIGHER GRADE IN RETIREMENT FOR OFFICERS FOLLOWING REOPENING 
              OF DETERMINATION OR CERTIFICATION OF RETIRED GRADE.

    (a) Advice and Consent of Senate Required for Higher Grade.--
Section 1370(f) of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) by redesignating paragraph (5) as paragraph (6); and
            (2) by inserting after paragraph (4) the following new 
        paragraph (5):
    ``(5) If the retired grade of an officer is proposed to be 
increased through the reopening of the determination or certification 
of officer's retired grade, the increase in the retired grade shall be 
made by the Secretary of Defense, by and with the advice and consent of 
the Senate.''.
    (b) Recalculation of Retired Pay.--Paragraph (6) of such section, 
as redesignated by subsection (a)(1), is amended--
            (1) by inserting ``or increased'' after ``reduced'';
            (2) by inserting ``as a result of the reduction or 
        increase'' after ``any modification of the retired pay of the 
        officer'';
            (3) by inserting ``or increase'' after ``the reduction''; 
        and
            (4) by adding at the end the following new sentence: ``An 
        officer whose retired grade is increased as described in the 
        preceding sentence shall not be entitled to an increase in 
        retired pay for any period before the effective date of the 
        increase.''.
    (c) Effective Date.--The amendments made by this section shall take 
effect on the date of the enactment of this Act, and shall apply to an 
increase in the retired grade of an officer that occurs through a 
reopening of the determination or certification of the officer's 
retired grade of officer on or after that date, regardless of when the 
officer retired.

SEC. 507. AVAILABILITY ON THE INTERNET OF CERTAIN INFORMATION ABOUT 
              OFFICERS SERVING IN GENERAL OR FLAG OFFICER GRADES.

    (a) Availability Required.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary of each military department 
        shall make available on an Internet website of such department 
        available to the public information specified in paragraph (2) 
        on each officer in a general or flag officer grade under the 
        jurisdiction of such Secretary, including any such officer on 
        the reserve active-status list.
            (2) Information.--The information on an officer specified 
        by this paragraph to be made available pursuant to paragraph 
        (1) is the information as follows:
                    (A) The officer's name.
                    (B) The officer's current grade, duty position, 
                command or organization, and location of assignment.
                    (C) A summary list of the officer's past duty 
                assignments while serving in a general or flag officer 
                grade.
    (b) Additional Public Notice on Certain Officers.--Whenever an 
officer in a grade of O-7 or above is assigned to a new billet or 
reassigned from a current billet, the Secretary of the military 
department having jurisdiction of such officer shall make available on 
an Internet website of such department available to the public a notice 
of such assignment or reassignment.
    (c) Limitation on Withholding of Certain Information or Notice.--
            (1) Limitation.--The Secretary of a military department may 
        not withhold the information or notice specified in subsections 
        (a) and (b) from public availability pursuant to subsection 
        (a), unless and until the Secretary notifies the Committees on 
        Armed Services of the Senate and the House of Representatives 
        in writing of the information or notice that will be so 
        withheld, together with justification for withholding the 
        information or notice from public availability.
            (2) Limited duration of withholding.--The Secretary 
        concerned may withhold from the public under paragraph (1) 
        information or notice on an officer only on the bases of 
        individual risk to the officer or in the interest of national 
        security, and may continue to withhold such information or 
        notice only for so long as the basis for withholding remains in 
        force.

                Subtitle B--Reserve Component Management

SEC. 511. REPEAL OF REQUIREMENT FOR REVIEW OF CERTAIN ARMY RESERVE 
              OFFICER UNIT VACANCY PROMOTIONS BY COMMANDERS OF 
              ASSOCIATED ACTIVE DUTY UNITS.

    Section 1113 of the Army National Guard Combat Readiness Reform Act 
of 1992 (10 U.S.C. 10105 note) is repealed.

                Subtitle C--General Service Authorities

SEC. 515. MODIFICATION OF AUTHORITIES ON MANAGEMENT OF DEPLOYMENTS OF 
              MEMBERS OF THE ARMED FORCES AND RELATED UNIT OPERATING 
              AND PERSONNEL TEMPO MATTERS.

    (a) Limitation on Scope of Delegations of Approval of Exceptions to 
Deployment Thresholds.--Paragraph (3) of subsection (a) of section 991 
of title 10, United States Code, is amended by striking ``be delegated 
to--'' and all that follows and inserting ``be delegated to a civilian 
officer of the Department of Defense appointed by the President, by and 
with the advice and consent of the Senate.''.
    (b) Separate Policies on Dwell Time for Regular and Reserve 
Members.--Paragraph (4) of such subsection is amended--
            (1) by striking ``addresses the amount'' and inserting 
        ``addresses each of the following:
            ``(1) The amount'';
            (2) in paragraph (1), as designated by paragraph (1) of 
        this subsection, by inserting ``regular'' before ``member''; 
        and
            (3) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
            ``(2) The amount of dwell time a reserve member of the 
        armed forces remains at the member's permanent duty station 
        after completing a deployment of 30 days or more in length.''.
    (c) Repeal of Authority to Prescribe Alternative Definition of 
``Deployment''.--Subsection (b) of such section is amended by striking 
paragraph (4).

SEC. 516. REPEAL OF REQUIREMENT THAT PARENTAL LEAVE BE TAKEN IN ONE 
              INCREMENT.

    (a) In General.--Subsection (i) of section 701 of title 10, United 
States Code, is amended--
            (1) by striking paragraph (5); and
            (2) by redesignating paragraphs (6) through (10) as 
        paragraphs (5) through (9), respectively.
    (b) Conforming Amendments.--Subsection (j)(4) of such section is 
amended--
            (1) by striking ``paragraphs (6) through (10)'' and 
        inserting ``paragraphs (5) through (9)''; and
            (2) by striking ``paragraph (9)(B)'' and inserting 
        ``paragraph (8)(B)''.

SEC. 517. DIGITAL ENGINEERING AS A CORE COMPETENCY OF THE ARMED FORCES.

    (a) Policy.--
            (1) In general.--It shall be a policy of the Department of 
        Defense to promote and maintain digital engineering as a core 
        competency of the civilian and military workforces of the 
        Department, which policy shall be achieved by--
                    (A) the recruitment, development, and retention of 
                civilian employees and members of the Armed Forces with 
                aptitude, experience, proficient expertise, or a 
                combination thereof in digital engineering in and to 
                the Department;
                    (B) at the discretion of the Secretaries of the 
                military departments, the development and maintenance 
                of civilian and military career tracks on digital 
                engineering, and related digital competencies 
                (including data science, machine learning, software 
                engineering, software product management, and 
                artificial intelligence product management) for 
                civilian employees of the Department and members of the 
                Armed Forces, including the development and maintenance 
                of training, education, talent management, incentives, 
                and promotion policies in support of members at all 
                levels of such career tracks; and
                    (C) the development and application of appropriate 
                readiness standards and metrics to measure and report 
                on the overall capability, capacity, use, and readiness 
                of digital engineering civilian and military workforces 
                to develop and deliver operational capabilities, 
                leverage modern digital engineering technologies, 
                develop advanced capabilities to support military 
                missions, and employ modern business practices.
            (2) Digital engineering.--For purposes of this section, 
        digital engineering is the discipline and set of skills 
        involved in the creation, processing, transmission, 
        integration, and storage of digital data.
    (b) Responsibility.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall appoint a 
civilian official of the Department of Defense, at a level no lower 
than Assistant Secretary of Defense, for the development and discharge 
of the policy set forth in subsection (a). The official so designated 
shall be known as the ``Chief Digital Engineering Recruitment and 
Management Officer of the Department of Defense'' (in this section 
referred to as the ``Officer'').
    (c) Duties.--In developing and providing for the discharge of the 
policy set forth in subsection (a), the Officer shall, in consultation 
with the Secretaries of the miliary departments, do the following:
            (1) Develop recruitment programs with various core 
        initiatives, programs, activities, and mechanisms to identify 
        and recruit civilians employees of the Department of Defense 
        and members of the Armed Forces with demonstrated aptitude, 
        interest, proficient expertise, or a combination thereof, in 
        digital engineering particularly, and in science, technology, 
        engineering, and mathematics (STEM) generally, including 
        initiatives, programs, activities, and mechanisms to target 
        populations of individuals not typically aware of opportunities 
        in the Armed Forces for a digital engineering career.
            (2) Develop and maintain education, training, doctrine, and 
        professional development activities to support digital 
        engineering skills of civilian employees of the Department and 
        members of the Armed Forces.
            (3) Coordinate and synchronize digital force management 
        activities throughout the Department, advise the Secretary of 
        Defense on all matters pertaining to the health and readiness 
        of digital forces, convene a Department-wide executive steering 
        group, and submit to Congress an annual report on the readiness 
        of digital forces and progress toward achieving the policy.
            (4) Create a Department-wide mechanism to track digital 
        expertise in the workforce, develop and maintain organizational 
        policies, strategies, and plans sufficient to build, maintain, 
        and refresh internal capacity at scale, and report to the 
        Secretary quarterly on the health and readiness of digital 
        forces.
            (5) Assist the military departments in designing, 
        developing, and executing programs and incentives to retain, 
        track, and oversee digital expertise among civilian employees 
        of the Department and members of the Armed Forces on active 
        duty.
            (6) At the request of the Chief of Staff of an Armed Force, 
        or the head of another component or element of the Department, 
        undertake an executive search for key leadership positions in 
        digital engineering in such Armed Force, component, or element, 
        and develop and deploy agile hiring and competitive 
        compensation processes to fill such positions.
            (7) Identify necessary changes in authorities, policies, 
        resources, or a combination thereof to further the policy.
            (8) Develop a definition for digital engineering consistent 
        with and aligned to Department needs and processes.
    (d) Plan.--Not later than June 1, 2020, the Secretary of Defense 
shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the 
House of Representatives a plan to meet the requirements of this 
section. The plan shall set forth the following:
            (1) An identification of the Officer.
            (2) A timeline for full implementation of the requirements 
        of this section.
            (3) A description of the career tracks authorized by this 
        section for both the civilian and military workforces of the 
        Department of Defense.
            (4) Recommendations for such legislative or administrative 
        action as the Secretary considers appropriate in connection 
        with implementation of such requirements.

SEC. 518. MODIFICATION OF NOTIFICATION ON MANNING OF AFLOAT NAVAL 
              FORCES.

    (a) Timing of Notification.--Subsection (a) of section 525 of the 
John S. McCain National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2019 
(Public Law 115-232) is amended--
            (1) in the matter preceding paragraph (1), by striking 
        ``not later than 15 days after any of the following conditions 
        are met:'' and inserting ``not later than 30 days after the end 
        of each fiscal year quarter, of each covered ship (if any) 
        that, as of the last day of such fiscal year quarter, met 
        either condition as follows:''; and
            (2) in paragraphs (1) and (2), by striking ``is less'' and 
        inserting ``was less''.
    (b) Definitions of Manning Fit and Manning Fill.--Subsection (d) of 
such section is amended in paragraphs (1) and (2) by striking ``the 
billets authorized'' and inserting ``the ship manpower document 
requirement.''.

SEC. 519. REPORT ON EXPANSION OF THE CLOSE AIRMAN SUPPORT TEAM APPROACH 
              OF THE AIR FORCE TO THE OTHER ARMED FORCES.

    (a) Report Required.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretaries of the military departments 
shall jointly submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate 
and the House of Representatives a report setting forth an assessment 
of the Secretaries of the feasibility and advisability of expanding the 
Close Airman Support (CAS) team approach of the Air Force to the other 
Armed Forces under the jurisdiction of such Secretaries.
    (b) Close Airman Support Team Approach.--The Close Airman Support 
team approach of the Air Force referred to in subsection (a) is an 
approach by which personnel associated with an Air Force squadron, and 
led by a senior enlisted member of the squadron, take actions to 
improve relationships and communication among members of the squadron 
in order to promote positive social behaviors among such members as a 
squadron, including an embrace of proactive pursuit of needed 
assistance.
    (c) Scope of Report.--If the Secretaries determine that expansion 
of the Close Airman Support team approach to the other Armed Forces is 
feasible and advisable, the report under subsection (a) shall include a 
description of the manner in which the approach will be carried out in 
the other Armed Forces, including the manner, if any, in which the 
approach will be modified in the other Armed Forces to take into 
account the unique circumstances of such Armed Forces.

            Subtitle D--Military Justice and Related Matters

PART I--MATTERS RELATING TO INVESTIGATION, PROSECUTION, AND DEFENSE OF 
                        SEXUAL ASSAULT GENERALLY

SEC. 521. DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE-WIDE POLICY AND MILITARY DEPARTMENT-
              SPECIFIC PROGRAMS ON REINVIGORATION OF THE PREVENTION OF 
              SEXUAL ASSAULT INVOLVING MEMBERS OF THE ARMED FORCES.

    (a) Policy Required.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall develop and issue 
a comprehensive policy for the Department to reinvigorate the 
prevention of sexual assault involving members of the Armed Forces.
    (b) Policy Elements.--
            (1) In general.--The policy required by subsection (a) 
        shall include the following:
                    (A) Education and training for members of the Armed 
                Forces on the prevention of sexual assault.
                    (B) Elements for programs designed to encourage and 
                promote healthy relationships among members of the 
                Armed Forces.
                    (C) Elements for programs designed to empower and 
                enhance the role of non-commissioned officers in the 
                prevention of sexual assault.
                    (D) Elements for programs to foster social courage 
                among members of the Armed Forces to encourage and 
                promote intervention in situations in order to prevent 
                sexual assault.
                    (E) Processes and mechanisms designed to address 
                behaviors among members of the Armed Forces that are 
                included in the continuum of harm that frequently 
                results in sexual assault.
                    (F) Elements for programs designed to address 
                alcohol abuse, including binge drinking, among members 
                of the Armed Forces.
                    (G) Such other elements, processes, mechanisms, and 
                other matters as the Secretary of Defense considers 
                appropriate.
            (2) Continuum of harm resulting in sexual assault.--For 
        purposes of paragraph (1)(E), the continuum of harm that 
        frequently results in sexual assault includes hazing, sexual 
        harassment, and related behaviors (including language choices, 
        off-hand statements, jokes, and unconscious attitudes or 
        biases) that create a permissive climate for sexual assault.
    (c) Programs Required.--Not later than 180 days after the issuance 
of the policy required by subsection (a), each Secretary of a military 
department shall develop and implement for each Armed Force under the 
jurisdiction of such Secretary a program to reinvigorate the prevention 
of sexual assaults involving members of the Armed Forces. Each program 
shall include the elements, processes, mechanisms, and other matters 
developed by the Secretary of Defense pursuant to subsection (a) 
tailored to the requirements and circumstances of the Armed Force or 
Armed Forces concerned.

SEC. 522. ENACTMENT AND EXPANSION OF POLICY ON WITHHOLDING OF INITIAL 
              DISPOSITION AUTHORITY FOR CERTAIN OFFENSES UNDER THE 
              UNIFORM CODE OF MILITARY JUSTICE.

    (a) Initial Disposition Authority.--
            (1) In general.--Except as provided in paragraph (2), the 
        proper authority for a determination of disposition of reported 
        offenses with respect to any offense specified in subsection 
        (b) shall be an officer in a grade not below the grade of O-6 
        in the chain of command of the subject who is authorized by 
        chapter 47 of such title (the Uniform Code of Military Justice) 
        to convene special courts-martial.
            (2) Authority when subject and victim are in different 
        chains of command.--If the victim of an offense specified in 
        subsection (b) is in a different chain of command than the 
        subject, the proper authority under paragraph (1), for any 
        reported offenses in connection with misconduct of the victim 
        arising out of the incident in which the offense is alleged to 
        have occurred, shall be an officer described in that paragraph 
        in the chain of command of the victim.
            (3) Construction.--Nothing in this subsection shall be 
        construed--
                    (A) to prohibit the preferral of charges by an 
                authorized person under section 830(a)(1) of title 10, 
                United States Code (article 30(a)(1) of the Uniform 
                code of Military Justice), with respect to the offenses 
                specified in subsection (b), and the forwarding of such 
                charges as so preferred to the proper authority under 
                paragraph (1) with a recommendation as disposition; or
                    (B) to prohibit an officer in a grade below the 
                grade of O-6 from advising an officer described in 
                paragraph (1) who is making a determination described 
                in that paragraph with respect to the disposition of 
                the offenses involved.
    (b) Covered Offenses.--An offense specified in this subsection is 
any offense as follows:
            (1) An offense under section 893 of title 10, United States 
        Code (article 93 of the Uniform Code of Military Justice), 
        relating to cruelty and maltreatment, if the offense 
        constitutes sexual harassment.
            (2) An offense under section 893a of title 10, United 
        States Code (article 93a of the Uniform Code of Military 
        Justice), relating to prohibited activity with a military 
        recruit or trainee by a person in a position of special trust.
            (3) An offense under section 918 of title 10, United States 
        Code (article 118 of the Uniform Code of Military Justice), 
        relating to murder, if the offense is committed in connection 
        with family abuse or other domestic violence.
            (4) An offense under section 919 of title 10, United States 
        Code (article 119 of the Uniform Code of Military Justice), 
        relating to manslaughter, if the offense is committed in 
        connection with family abuse or other domestic violence.
            (5) An offense under section 919a of title 10, United 
        States Code (article 119a of the Uniform Code of Military 
        Justice), relating to death or injury of an unborn child, if 
        the offense is committed in connection with family abuse or 
        other domestic violence.
            (6) An offense under section 919b of title 10, United 
        States Code (article 119b of the Uniform Code of Military 
        Justice), relating to child endangerment, if the offense is 
        committed in connection with family abuse or other domestic 
        violence.
            (7) An offense under section 920 of title 10, United States 
        Code (article 120 of the Uniform Code of Military Justice), 
        relating to rape and sexual assault generally.
            (8) An offense under section 920b of title 10, United 
        States Code (article 120b of the Uniform Code of Military 
        Justice), relating to rape and sexual assault of a child.
            (9) An offense under section 920c of title 10, United 
        States Code (article 120c of the Uniform Code of Military 
        Justice), relating to other sexual misconduct.
            (10) An offense under section 925 of title 10, United 
        States Code (article 125 of the Uniform Code of Military 
        Justice), relating to kidnapping, if the offense is committed 
        in connection with family abuse or other domestic violence.
            (11) An offense under section 928 of title 10, United 
        States Code (article 128 of the Uniform Code of Military 
        Justice), relating to aggravated assault, if the offense is 
        committed in connection with family abuse or other domestic 
        violence.
            (12) An offense under section 928a of title 10, United 
        States Code (article 128a of the Uniform Code of Military 
        Justice), relating to maiming, if the offense is committed in 
        connection with family abuse or other domestic violence.
            (13) An offense under section 928b of title 10, United 
        States Code (article 128b of the Uniform Code of Military 
        Justice), relating to domestic violence.
            (14) An offense under section 930 of title 10, United 
        States Code (article 130 of the Uniform Code of Military 
        Justice), relating to stalking, if the offense is committed in 
        connection with family abuse or other domestic violence.
            (15) An offense under section 932 of title 10, United 
        States Code (article 132 of the Uniform Code of Military 
        Justice), relating to retaliation.
            (16) An offense under section 934 of title 10, United 
        States Code (article 134 of the Uniform Code of Military 
        Justice), if the offense relates to child pornography.
            (17) An offense under section 934 of title 10, United 
        States Code (article 134 of the Uniform Code of Military 
        Justice), if the offense--
                    (A) relates to animal abuse; and
                    (B) is committed in connection with family abuse or 
                other domestic violence,
            (18) An offense under section 934 of title 10, United 
        States Code (article 134 of the Uniform Code of Military 
        Justice), if the offense--
                    (A) relates to negligent homicide; and
                    (B) is committed in connection with family abuse or 
                other domestic violence.
            (19) An attempt to commit an offense specified in a 
        paragraph (1) through (18) as punishable under section 880 of 
        title 10, United States Code (article 80 of the Uniform Code of 
        Military Justice).
    (c) Scope of Disposition Authority With Respect to Particular 
Offenses.--The authority in subsection (a) of an officer to make a 
disposition determination described in that subsection with respect to 
any offense specified in subsection (b) extends to a determination of 
disposition with respect to any other offenses against the subject 
arising out of the incident in which the offense is alleged to have 
occurred.
    (d) Scope of Disposition Determinations.--Except for an offense 
specified in section 818(c) of title 10, United States Code (article 
18(c) of the Uniform Code of Military Justice), of which only general 
courts-martial have jurisdiction, the disposition determinations 
permissible in the exercise of the authority under this section with 
respect to charges and specifications are as follows:
            (1) No action.
            (2) Administrative action.
            (3) Imposition of non-judicial punishment.
            (4) Preferral of charges.
            (5) If such charges and specifications were preferred from 
        a subordinate, dismissal of charges or referral to court-
        martial for trial.
            (6) Forwarding to a superior or subordinate authority for 
        further disposition.
    (e) Review of Certain Disposition Determinations.--
            (1) Initial review and recommendation.--If a disposition 
        determination under this section with respect to an offense is 
        for a disposition specified in paragraph (1), (2), or (3) of 
        subsection (d) and the legal advisor to the officer making the 
        disposition determination has recommended a disposition 
        specified in paragraph (4), (5), or (6) of that subsection, a 
        Special Victim Prosecutor (SVP), Senior Trial Counsel (STC), or 
        Regional Trial Counsel (RTC) not in the chain of command of the 
        officer making the disposition determination shall--
                    (A) review the disposition determination; and
                    (B) recommend to the staff judge advocate in the 
                chain of command whether to endorse or supersede the 
                disposition determination.
            (2) SJA review and advice.--Upon completion of a review of 
        a recommendation under paragraph (1)(B), the staff judge 
        advocate concerned shall advise the next superior commander in 
        the chain of command of the officer making the original 
        disposition determination whether such disposition 
        determination should be endorsed or superseded.
            (3) Final disposition determination.--After considering 
        advice under paragraph (2) with respect to an original 
        disposition determination, the superior commander concerned 
        shall--
                    (A) make a new disposition determination with 
                respect to the offenses concerned; or
                    (B) endorse the original disposition determination 
                for appropriate further action.
    (f) Training.--
            (1) In general.--The training provided to commissioned 
        officers of the Armed Forces in grades O-6 and above on the 
        exercise of authority pursuant to this section for 
        determinations of the disposition of an offense specified in 
        subsection (b) shall include specific training on such matters 
        in connection with sexual harassment, sexual assault, and 
        family abuse and domestic violence as the Secretary of Defense 
        considers appropriate to make informed disposition 
        determinations under such authority.
            (2) Construction.--Nothing in this subsection shall be 
        construed to deprive a court-martial of jurisdiction based on 
        the level or amount of training received by the disposition 
        authority pursuant to this section.
    (g) Manual for Courts-Martial.--The President shall implement the 
requirement of this section into the Manual for Courts-Martial in 
accordance with section 836 of title 10, United States Code (article 36 
of the Uniform Code of Military Justice).

SEC. 523. TRAINING FOR SEXUAL ASSAULT INITIAL DISPOSITION AUTHORITIES 
              ON EXERCISE OF DISPOSITION AUTHORITY FOR SEXUAL ASSAULT 
              AND COLLATERAL OFFENSES.

    (a) In General.--The training for Sexual Assault Initial 
Disposition Authorities (SAIDAs) on the exercise of disposition 
authority under chapter 47, United States Code (the Uniform Code of 
Military Justice), with respect to cases for which disposition 
authority is withheld to such Authorities by the April 20, 2012, 
memorandum of the Secretary of Defense, or any successor memorandum, 
shall include comprehensive training on the exercise by such 
Authorities of such authority with respect to such cases in order to 
enhance the capabilities of such Authorities in the exercise of such 
authority and thereby promote confidence and trust in the military 
justice process with respect to such cases.
    (b) Memorandum of Secretary of Defense.--The April 20, 2012, 
memorandum of the Secretary of Defense referred to in subsection (a) is 
the memorandum of the Secretary of Defense entitled ``Withholding 
Initial Disposition Authority Under the Uniform Code of Military 
Justice in Certain Sexual Assault Cases'' and dated April 20, 2012.

SEC. 524. EXPANSION OF RESPONSIBILITIES OF COMMANDERS FOR VICTIMS OF 
              SEXUAL ASSAULT COMMITTED BY ANOTHER MEMBER OF THE ARMED 
              FORCES.

    (a) Notification of Victims of Events in Military Justice 
Process.--
            (1) Notification required.--Except as provided in paragraph 
        (2), the commander of a member of the Armed Forces who is the 
        victim of an alleged sexual assault committed by another member 
        of the Armed Forces (whether or not such other member is in the 
        command of such commander) shall provide notification to such 
        victim of every key or other significant event in the military 
        justice process in connection with the investigation, 
        prosecution, and confinement of such other member for alleged 
        sexual assault.
            (2) Election of victim not to receive.--A commander is not 
        required by paragraph (1) to provide notifications to a victim 
        as described in that paragraph if the victim elects not to be 
        provided such notifications.
            (3) Documentation.--Each commander described in paragraph 
        (1) shall create and maintain appropriate documentation on the 
        following:
                    (A) Any notification provided as described in 
                paragraph (1).
                    (B) Any election made pursuant to paragraph (2).
    (b) Documentation of Victim's Preference on Jurisdiction in 
Prosecution.--In the case of a member of the Armed Forces who is the 
victim of an alleged sexual assault committed by another member of the 
Armed Forces who is subject to prosecution for such alleged offense 
both by court-martial under chapter 47 of title 10, United States Code 
(the Uniform Code of Military Justice), and by a civilian court under 
Federal or State law, the commander of such victim shall create and 
maintain appropriate documentation of the expressed preference, if any, 
of such victim for prosecution of such alleged offense by court-martial 
or by a civilian court as provided for by Rule 306(e) of the Rules for 
Court-Martial.
    (c) Regulations.--The Secretary of Defense shall prescribe in 
regulations the requirements applicable to each of the following:
            (1) Notifications under subsection (a)(1).
            (2) Elections under subsection (a)(2).
            (3) Documentation under subsection (a)(3).
            (4) Documentation under subsection (b).

SEC. 525. TRAINING FOR COMMANDERS IN THE ARMED FORCES ON THEIR ROLE IN 
              ALL STAGES OF MILITARY JUSTICE IN CONNECTION WITH SEXUAL 
              ASSAULT.

    (a) In General.--The training provided commanders in the Armed 
Forces shall include comprehensive training on the role of commanders 
in all stages of military justice in connection with sexual assaults by 
members of the Armed Forces.
    (b) Elements To Be Covered.--The training provided pursuant to 
subsection (a) shall include training on the following:
            (1) The role of commanders in each stage of the military 
        justice process in connection with sexual assault committed by 
        a member of the Armed Forces, including investigation and 
        prosecution.
            (2) The role of commanders in assuring that victims in 
        sexual assault described in paragraph (1) are informed of, and 
        have the opportunity to obtain, assistance available for 
        victims of sexual assault by law.
            (3) The role of commanders in assuring that victims in 
        sexual assault described in paragraph (1) are afforded the due 
        process rights and protections available to victims by law.
            (4) The role of commanders in preventing retaliation 
        against victims, their family members, witnesses, first 
        responders, and bystanders for their their complaints, 
        statements, testimony, and status in connection with sexual 
        assault described in paragraph (1), including the role of 
        commanders in ensuring that subordinates in the command are 
        aware of their responsibilities in preventing such retaliation.
            (5) The role of commanders in establishing and maintaining 
        a healthy command climate in connection with reporting on 
        sexual assault described in paragraph (1) and in the response 
        of the commander, subordinates in the command, and other 
        personnel in the command to such sexual assault, such 
        reporting, and the military justice process in connection with 
        such sexual assault.
            (6) Any other matters on the role of commanders in 
        connection with sexual assault described in paragraph (1) that 
        the Secretary of Defense considers appropriate for purposes of 
        this section.
    (c) Incorporation of Best Practices.--
            (1) In general.--The training provided pursuant to 
        subsection (a) shall incorporate best practices on all matters 
        covered by the training.
            (2) Identification of best practices.--The Secretaries of 
        the military departments shall, acting through the training and 
        doctrine commands of the Armed Forces, undertake from time to 
        time surveys and other reviews of the matters covered by the 
        training provided pursuant to subsection (a) in order to 
        identify and incorporate into such training the most current 
        practicable best practices on such matters.
    (d) Uniformity.--The Secretary of Defense shall ensure that the 
training provided pursuant to subsection (a) is, to the extent 
practicable, uniform across the Armed Forces.

SEC. 526. NOTICE TO VICTIMS OF ALLEGED SEXUAL ASSAULT OF PENDENCY OF 
              FURTHER ADMINISTRATIVE ACTION FOLLOWING A DETERMINATION 
              NOT TO REFER TO TRIAL BY COURT-MARTIAL.

    Under regulations prescribed by the Secretary of Defense, upon a 
determination not to refer a case of alleged sexual assault for trial 
by court-martial under chapter 47 of title 10, United States Code (the 
Uniform Code of Military Justice), the commander making such 
determination shall periodically notify the victim of the status of a 
final determination on further action on such case, whether non-
judicial punishment under section 815 of such title (article 15 of the 
Uniform Code of Military Justice), other administrative action, or no 
further action. Such notifications shall continue not less frequently 
than monthly until such final determination.

SEC. 527. SAFE TO REPORT POLICY APPLICABLE ACROSS THE ARMED FORCES.

    (a) In General.--The Secretary of Defense shall, in consultation 
with the Secretaries of the military departments and the Secretary of 
Homeland Security, prescribe in regulations a safe to report policy 
described in subsection (b) that applies with respect to all members of 
the Armed Forces (including members of the reserve components of the 
Armed Forces) and cadets and midshipmen at the military service 
academies.
    (b) Safe to Report Policy.--The safe to report policy described in 
this subsection is a policy under which a member of the Armed Forces 
who is the victim of an alleged sexual assault, but who may have 
committed minor collateral misconduct at or about the time of such 
alleged sexual assault, or whose minor collateral misconduct is 
discovered only as a result of the investigation into such alleged 
sexual assault, may report such alleged sexual assault to proper 
authorities without fear or receipt of discipline in connection with 
such minor collateral misconduct absent aggravating circumstances that 
increase the gravity of the minor collateral misconduct or its impact 
on good order and discipline.
    (c) Minor Collateral Misconduct.--For purposes of the safe to 
report policy, minor collateral misconduct shall include any of the 
following:
            (1) Improper use or possession of alcohol.
            (2) Consensual intimate behavior (including adultery) or 
        fraternization.
            (3) Presence in an off-limits area.
            (4) Such other misconduct as the Secretary of Defense shall 
        specify in the regulations under subsection (a).
    (d) Aggravating Circumstances.--The regulations under subsection 
(a) shall specify aggravating circumstances that increase the gravity 
of minor collateral misconduct or its impact on good order and 
discipline for purposes of the safe to report policy.

SEC. 528. REPORT ON EXPANSION OF AIR FORCE SAFE TO REPORT POLICY ACROSS 
              THE ARMED FORCES.

    (a) Report.--Not late than 180 days after the date of the enactment 
of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall, in consultation with the 
Secretaries of the military departments and the Secretary of Homeland 
Security, submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and 
the House of Representatives a report setting forth an assessment of 
the feasibility and advisability of expanding the applicability of the 
safe to report policy described in subsection (b) so that the policy 
applies across the Armed Forces.
    (b) Safe to Report Policy.--The safe to report policy described in 
this subsection is the policy, currently applicable in the Air Force 
alone, under which a member of the Armed Forces who is the victim of an 
alleged sexual assault committed by another member of the Armed Forces, 
but who may have committed minor collateral misconduct at or about the 
time of such alleged sexual assault, or whose minor collateral 
misconduct at or about such time is discovered only as a result of the 
investigation into such alleged sexual assault, may report such alleged 
sexual assault to proper authorities without fear or receipt of 
discipline in connection with such minor collateral misconduct.

SEC. 529. PROPOSAL FOR SEPARATE PUNITIVE ARTICLE IN THE UNIFORM CODE OF 
              MILITARY JUSTICE ON SEXUAL HARASSMENT.

    Not later than 180 days after the date of the enactment of this 
Act, the Joint Service Committee on Military Justice shall submit to 
the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of 
Representatives a report setting forth recommendations for legislative 
and administrative action required to establish a separate punitive 
article in chapter 47 of title 10, United States Code (the Uniform Code 
of Military Justice), on sexual harassment.

SEC. 530. TREATMENT OF INFORMATION IN CATCH A SERIAL OFFENDER PROGRAM 
              FOR CERTAIN PURPOSES.

    (a) Exclusion From FOIA.--Section 552 of title 5, United States 
Code (commonly referred to as the ``Freedom of Information Act''), 
shall not apply to any report for purposes of the Catch a Serial 
Offender (CATCH) Program.
    (b) Preservation of Restricted Report.--The transmittal or receipt 
in connection with the Catch a Serial Offender Program of a report on a 
sexual assault that is treated as a restricted report shall not operate 
to terminate its treatment or status as a restricted report.

SEC. 531. REPORT ON PRESERVATION OF RECOURSE TO RESTRICTED REPORT ON 
              SEXUAL ASSAULT FOR VICTIMS OF SEXUAL ASSAULT FOLLOWING 
              CERTAIN VICTIM OR THIRD-PARTY COMMUNICATIONS.

    (a) Report Required.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the 
Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of 
Representatives a report making findings and recommendations on the 
feasibility and advisability of a policy for the Department of Defense 
that would permit a victim of a sexual assault, that is or may be 
investigated as a result of a communication described in subsection 
(b), which victim is a member of the Armed Forces or an adult dependent 
of a member of the Armed Forces, to have the reporting on the sexual 
assault be treated as a restricted report without regard to the party 
initiating or receiving such communication.
    (b) Communications.--A communication described in this subsection 
is a communication reporting a sexual assault as follows:
            (1) By the victim to a member of the Armed Forces, whether 
        a commissioned officer or a noncommissioned officer, in the 
        chain of command of the victim or the victim's military 
        sponsor.
            (2) By the victim to military law enforcement personnel or 
        personnel of a military criminal investigative organization 
        (MCIO).
            (3) By any individual other than victim.
    (c) Scope of Findings and Recommendations.--The report required by 
subsection (a) may include recommendations for new provisions of 
statute or regulations, or modification of current statute or 
regulations, that may be required to put into effect the findings and 
recommendations described in subsection (a).
    (d) Consultation.--In preparing the report required by subsection 
(a), the Secretary shall consult with the Defense Advisory Committee on 
Investigation, Prosecution, and Defense of Sexual Assault in the Armed 
Forces (DAC-IPAD) under section 546 of the Carl Levin and Howard P. 
``Buck'' McKeon National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2015 
(10 U.S.C. 1561 note).

SEC. 532. AUTHORITY FOR RETURN OF PERSONAL PROPERTY TO VICTIMS OF 
              SEXUAL ASSAULT WHO FILE A RESTRICTED REPORT BEFORE 
              CONCLUSION OF RELATED PROCEEDINGS.

    Section 586 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 2012 (10 U.S.C. 1561 note) is amended--
            (1) by redesignating subsection (f) as subsection (e);
            (2) in subsection (e), as so redesignated, in the 
        subsection heading, by inserting ``in Unrestricted Reporting 
        Cases'' after ``Proceedings''; and
            (3) by adding at the end the following new subsection:
    ``(f) Return of Personal Property in Restricted Reporting Cases.--
(1) The Secretary of Defense shall prescribe procedures under which a 
victim who files a restricted report on an incident of sexual assault 
may request, at any time, the return of any personal property of the 
victim obtained as part of the sexual assault forensic examination.
    ``(2) The procedures shall ensure that--
            ``(A) a request of a victim under paragraph (1) may be made 
        on a confidential basis and without affecting the restricted 
        nature of the restricted report; and
            ``(B) at the time of the filing of the restricted report, a 
        Sexual Assault Response Coordinator or Sexual Assault 
        Prevention and Response Victim Advocate--
                    ``(i) informs the victim that the victim may 
                request the return of personal property as described in 
                paragraph (1); and
                    ``(ii) advises the victim that such a request for 
                the return of personal property may negatively impact a 
                subsequent case adjudication, if the victim later 
                decides to convert the restricted report to an 
                unrestricted report.
    ``(3) Except with respect to personal property returned to a victim 
under this subsection, nothing in this subsection shall affect the 
requirement to retain a sexual assault forensic examination (SAFE) kit 
for the period specified in subsection (c)(4)(A).''.

SEC. 533. EXTENSION OF DEFENSE ADVISORY COMMITTEE ON INVESTIGATION, 
              PROSECUTION, AND DEFENSE OF SEXUAL ASSAULT IN THE ARMED 
              FORCES.

    Section 546(f)(1) of the Carl Levin and Howard P. ``Buck'' McKeon 
National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2015 (10 U.S.C. 1561 
note) is amended by striking ``five'' and inserting ``ten''.

SEC. 534. DEFENSE ADVISORY COMMITTEE FOR THE PREVENTION OF SEXUAL 
              MISCONDUCT.

    (a) Establishment Required.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense shall establish 
        and maintain within the Department of Defense an advisory 
        committee to be known as the ``Defense Advisory Committee for 
        the Prevention of Sexual Misconduct'' (in this section referred 
        to as the ``Advisory Committee'').
            (2) Deadline for establishment.--The Secretary shall 
        establish the Advisory Committee not later than 180 days after 
        the date of the enactment of this Act.
    (b) Membership.--
            (1) In general.--The Advisory Committee shall consist of 
        not more than 20 members, appointed by the Secretary from among 
        individuals who have an expertise appropriate for the work of 
        the Advisory Committee, including at least one individual with 
        each expertise as follows:
                    (A) Expertise in the prevention of sexual assault 
                and behaviors on the sexual assault continuum of harm.
                    (B) Expertise in the prevention of suicide.
                    (C) Expertise in the change of culture of large 
                organizations.
                    (D) Expertise in implementation science.
            (2) Background of individuals.--Individuals appointed to 
        the Advisory Committee may include individuals with expertise 
        in sexual assault prevention efforts of institutions of higher 
        education, public health officials, and such other individuals 
        as the Secretary considers appropriate.
            (3) Prohibition on membership of members of armed forces on 
        active duty.--A member of the Armed Forces serving on active 
        duty may not serve as a member of the Advisory Committee.
    (c) Duties.--
            (1) In general.--The Advisory Committee shall advise the 
        Secretary on the following:
                    (A) The prevention of sexual assault (including 
                rape, forcible sodomy, other sexual assault, and other 
                sexual misconduct (including behaviors on the sexual 
                assault continuum of harm)) involving members of the 
                Armed Forces.
                    (B) The policies, programs, and practices of each 
                military department, each Armed Force, and each 
                military service academy for the prevention of sexual 
                assault as described in subparagraph (A).
            (2) Basis for provision of advice.--For purposes of 
        providing advice to the Secretary pursuant to this subsection, 
        the Advisory Committee shall review, on an ongoing basis, the 
        following:
                    (A) Cases involving allegations of sexual assault 
                described in paragraph (1).
                    (B) Efforts of institutions of higher education to 
                prevent sexual assault among students.
                    (C) Any other information or matters that the 
                Advisory Committee or the Secretary considers 
                appropriate.
            (3) Coordination of efforts.--In addition to the reviews 
        required by paragraph (2), for purposes of providing advice to 
        the Secretary the Advisory Committee shall also consult and 
        coordinate with the Defense Advisory Committee on 
        Investigation, Prosecution, and Defense of Sexual Assault in 
        the Armed Forces (DAC-IPAD) on matters of joint interest to the 
        two Advisory Committees.
    (d) Annual Report.--Not later than March 30 each year, the Advisory 
Committee shall submit to the Secretary and the Committees on Armed 
Services of the Senate and the House of Representatives a report on the 
activities of the Advisory Committee pursuant to this section during 
the preceding year.
    (e) Sexual Assault Continuum of Harm.--In this section, the term 
``sexual assault continuum of harm'' includes--
            (1) inappropriate actions (such as sexist jokes), sexual 
        harassment, gender discrimination, hazing, cyber bullying, or 
        other behavior that contributes to a culture that is tolerant 
        of, or increases risk for, sexual assault; and
            (2) maltreatment or ostracism of a victim for a report of 
        sexual misconduct.

SEC. 535. INDEPENDENT REVIEWS AND ASSESSMENTS ON RACE AND ETHNICITY IN 
              THE INVESTIGATION, PROSECUTION, AND DEFENSE OF SEXUAL 
              ASSAULT IN THE ARMED FORCES.

    (a) Reviews and Assessments by DAC-IPAD.--The independent committee 
established by the Secretary of Defense under section 546 of the Carl 
Levin and Howard P. ``Buck'' McKeon National Defense Authorization Act 
for Fiscal Year 2015 (Public Law 113-291; 128 Stat. 3374), commonly 
known as the ``DAC-IPAD'', shall conduct each of the following:
            (1) A review and assessment, by fiscal year, of the race 
        and ethnicity of members of the Armed Forces accused of a 
        penetrative sexual assault offense or contact sexual assault 
        offense in an unrestricted report made pursuant to Department 
        of Defense Instruction 6495.02, including an unrestricted 
        report involving a spouse or intimate partner, in all cases 
        completed in each fiscal year assessed.
            (2) A review and assessment, by fiscal year, of the race 
        and ethnicity of members of the Armed Forces against whom 
        charges were preferred pursuant to Rule for Courts-Martial 307 
        for a penetrative sexual assault offense or contact sexual 
        assault offense in all cases completed in each fiscal year 
        assessed.
            (3) A review and assessment, by fiscal year, of the race 
        and ethnicity of members of the Armed Forces who were convicted 
        of a penetrative sexual assault offense or contact sexual 
        assault offense in all cases completed in each fiscal year 
        assessed.
    (b) Information From Federal Agencies.--
            (1) In general.--Upon request by the chair of the 
        committee, a department or agency of the Federal Government 
        shall provide information that the committees considers 
        necessary to conduct reviews and assessments required by 
        subsection (a), including military criminal investigation 
        files, charge sheets, records of trial, and personnel records.
            (2) Handling, storage, and return.--The committee shall 
        handle and store all records received and reviewed under this 
        section in accordance with applicable privacy laws and 
        Department of Defense policy, and shall return all records so 
        received in a timely manner.
    (c) Report.--Not later than one year after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the committee shall submit to the Secretary of 
Defense, and to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the 
House of Representatives, a report setting forth the results of the 
reviews and assessments required by subsection (a). The report shall 
include such recommendations for legislative or administrative action 
as the committee considers appropriate in light of such results.
    (d) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) The term ``case'' means an unrestricted report of any 
        penetrative sexual assault offense or contact sexual assault 
        offense made against a member of the Armed Forces pursuant to 
        Department of Defense Instruction 6495.02, including any 
        unrestricted report involving a spouses or intimate partner for 
        which an investigation has been opened by a criminal 
        investigative organization.
            (2) The term ``completed'', with respect to a case, means 
        that the case was tried to verdict, dismissed without further 
        action, or dismissed and then resolved by non-judicial or 
        administrative proceedings.
            (3) The term ``contact sexual assault offense'' means 
        aggravated sexual contact, abusive sexual contact, wrongful 
        sexual contact, and attempts to commit such offenses under the 
        Uniform Code of Military Justice.
            (4) The term ``penetrative sexual assault offense'' means 
        rape, aggravated sexual assault, sexual assault, forcible 
        sodomy, and attempts to commit such offenses under the Uniform 
        Code of Military Justice.

SEC. 536. REPORT ON MECHANISMS TO ENHANCE THE INTEGRATION AND 
              SYNCHRONIZATION OF ACTIVITIES OF SPECIAL VICTIM 
              INVESTIGATION AND PROSECUTION PERSONNEL WITH ACTIVITIES 
              OF MILITARY CRIMINAL INVESTIGATIVE ORGANIZATIONS.

    Not later than one year after the date of the enactment of this 
Act, the Secretary of Defense shall, in consultation with the 
Secretaries of the military departments, submit to the Committees on 
Armed Services of the Senate and the House of Representatives a report 
setting forth proposals for various mechanisms to enhance the 
integration and synchronization of activities of Special Victim 
Investigation and Prosecution (SVIP) personnel with activities of 
military criminal investigative organizations (MCIOs) in investigations 
in which both such personnel are or may be involved. If the proposed 
mechanisms require legislative or administration action for 
implementation, the report shall set forth such recommendations for 
such action as the Secretary of Defense considers appropriate.

SEC. 537. COMPTROLLER GENERAL OF THE UNITED STATES REPORT ON 
              IMPLEMENTATION BY THE ARMED FORCES OF RECENT STATUTORY 
              REQUIREMENTS ON SEXUAL ASSAULT PREVENTION AND RESPONSE IN 
              THE MILITARY.

    (a) Report Required.--The Comptroller General of the United States 
shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the 
House of Representatives a report, in writing, on a study, conducted by 
the Comptroller General for purposes of the report, on the 
implementation by the Armed Forces of statutory requirements on sexual 
assault prevention and response in the military in the National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2004 (Public Law 108-136) and each 
succeeding national defense authorization Act through the John S. 
McCain National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2019 (Public 
Law 115-232).
    (b) Elements.--The report required by subsection (a) shall include 
the following:
            (1) A list and citation of each statutory requirement 
        (whether codified or uncodified) on sexual assault prevention 
        and response in the military in each national defense 
        authorization Act specified in paragraph (1), including--
                    (A) whether such statutory requirement is still in 
                force; and
                    (B) if such statutory requirement is no longer in 
                force, the date of the repeal or expiration of such 
                requirement.
            (2) For each statutory requirement listed pursuant to 
        paragraph (1), the following:
                    (A) An assessment of the extent to which such 
                requirement was implemented, or is currently being 
                implemented, as applicable, by each Armed Force to 
                which such requirement applied or applies.
                    (B) A description and assessment of the actions 
                taken by each of the Department of Defense, the 
                military department concerned, and the Armed Force 
                concerned to assess and determine the effectiveness of 
                actions taken pursuant to such requirement in meeting 
                its intended objective.
            (3) Any other matters in connection with the statutory 
        requirements specified in subsection (a), and the 
        implementation of such requirements by the Armed Forces, that 
        the Comptroller General considers appropriate.
    (c) Briefings.--Not later than May 1, 2020, the Comptroller General 
shall provide to the committees referred to in subsection (a) one or 
more briefings on the status of the study required by subsection (a), 
including any preliminary findings and recommendations of the 
Comptroller General as a result of the study as of the date of such 
briefing.

               PART II--SPECIAL VICTIMS' COUNSEL MATTERS

SEC. 541. LEGAL ASSISTANCE BY SPECIAL VICTIMS' COUNSEL FOR VICTIMS OF 
              ALLEGED DOMESTIC VIOLENCE OFFENSES.

    (a) Conditional Expansion of Eligibility to Victims of Alleged 
Domestic Violence Offenses.--Subsection (a) of section 1044e of title 
10, United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following 
new paragraph:
    ``(3) Legal counsel designated as described in paragraph (1) may 
also provide legal assistance to any individual described in paragraph 
(2)(B) or (2)(C) who is the victim of an alleged domestic violence 
offense, and to any civilian individual not otherwise covered by 
paragraph (2)(C) who is the victim of an alleged sex-related offense or 
alleged domestic violence offense, if the Secretary of the military 
department concerned determines (on a case-by-case basis) that 
resources are available for the provision of such assistance to such 
individual without impairing the capacity to provide assistance under 
paragraph (1) to victims of alleged sex-related offenses described in 
paragraph (2).''.
    (b) Definitions.--Subsection (g) of such section is amended to read 
as follows:
    ``(g) Definitions.--In this section:
            ``(1) The term `alleged covered offense' means any of the 
        following:
                    ``(A) An alleged sex-related offense.
                    ``(B) An alleged domestic violence offense.
            ``(2) The term `alleged sex-related offense' means any 
        allegation of--
                    ``(A) a violation of section 920, 920b, 920c, or 
                930 of this title (article 120, 120b, 120c, or 130 of 
                the Uniform Code of Military Justice); or
                    ``(B) an attempt to commit an offense specified in 
                a subparagraph (A) as punishable under section 880 of 
                this title (article 80 of the Uniform Code of Military 
                Justice).
            ``(3) The term `alleged domestic violence offense' means 
        any allegation of--
                    ``(A) a violation of section 928, 928b(1), 928b(5), 
                or 930 of this title (article 128, 128b(1), 128b(5), or 
                130 of the Uniform Code of Military Justice), when 
                committed against a spouse, intimate partner, or 
                immediate family member;
                    ``(B) a violation of any other provision of 
                subchapter X of chapter 47 of this title (the Uniform 
                Code of Military Justice), when committed against a 
                spouse, intimate partner, or immediate family member, 
                as specified by the Secretary concerned for purposes of 
                eligibility for legal consultation and assistance by 
                Special Victims' Counsel under the jurisdiction of such 
                Secretary under this section; or
                    ``(C) an attempt to commit an offense specified in 
                a subparagraph (A) or (B) as punishable under section 
                880 of this title (article 80 of the Uniform Code of 
                Military Justice).''.
    (c) Conforming Amendments.--Such section is further amended--
            (1) in subsections (b) and (f), by striking ``alleged sex-
        related offense'' each place it appears (other than subsection 
        (f)(1)) and inserting ``alleged covered offense concerned''; 
        and
            (2) in subsection (f)--
                    (A) by striking ``subsection (a)(2)'' each place it 
                appears and inserting ``paragraph (2) or (3) of 
                subsection (a)''; and
                    (B) in paragraph (1), by striking ``an alleged sex-
                related offense'' and inserting ``an alleged covered 
                offense''.
    (d) Clerical Amendments.--
            (1) Heading amendment.--The heading of such section is 
        amended to read as follows:
``Sec. 1044e. Special Victims' Counsel: victims of sex-related 
              offenses; victims of domestic violence offenses''.
            (2) Table of sections.--the table of sections at the 
        beginning of chapter 53 of such title is amended by striking 
        the item relating to section 1044e and inserting the following 
        new item:

``1044e. Special Victims' Counsel: victims of sex-related offenses; 
                            victims of domestic violence offenses.''.

SEC. 542. OTHER SPECIAL VICTIMS' COUNSEL MATTERS.

    (a) Enhancement of Legal Consultation and Assistance in Connection 
With Potential Victim Benefits.--Paragraph (8)(D) of subsection (b) of 
section 1044e of title 10, United States Code, is amended by striking 
``and other'' and inserting ``, section 1408(h) of this title, and 
other''.
    (b) Expansion of Legal Assistance Authorized to Include 
Consultation and Assistance for Retaliation.--Subsection (b) of such 
section is amended further--
            (1) by redesignating paragraph (10) as paragraph (11); and
            (2) by inserting after paragraph (9) the following new 
        paragraph (10):
            ``(10) Legal consultation and assistance in connection with 
        an incident of retaliation, whether such incident occurs 
        before, during, or after the conclusion of any criminal 
        proceedings, including--
                    ``(A) in understanding the rights and protections 
                afforded to victims of retaliation;
                    ``(B) in the filing of complaints; and
                    ``(C) in any resulting military justice 
                proceedings.''.
    (c) Codification of Duty to Determine Victim's Preference for 
Prosecution of Alleged Sex-related Offense by Court-martial or Civilian 
Court.--
            (1) In general.--Such section is further amended--
                    (A) by redesignating subsections (d) through (h) as 
                subsections (e) through (i), respectively; and
                    (B) by inserting after subsection (c) the following 
                new subsection (d):
    ``(d) Duty to Determine Victim's Preference for Prosecution of an 
Alleged Sex-related Offense by Court-martial or Civilian Court.--(1) In 
providing legal consultation and representation to a victim under this 
section in connection with an alleged sex-related offense that occurs 
in the United States, a Special Victims' Counsel shall have the duty--
            ``(A) to solicit the victim's preference regarding whether 
        the offense should be prosecuted by court-martial or in a 
        civilian court with jurisdiction over the offense; and
            ``(B) to make the victim's preference, if offered, known to 
        appropriate military prosecutors.
    ``(2) Any consultation by a Special Victims' Counsel pursuant to 
paragraph (1) shall occur in accordance with the process for such 
consultation established pursuant to section 534(b) of the Carl Levin 
and Howard P. `Buck' McKeon National Defense Authorization Act for 
Fiscal Year 2015 (10 U.S.C. 1044e note) or such other process as the 
Secretary of Defense shall establish for that purpose.''.
            (2) Conforming amendment.--Paragraph (11) of subsection (b) 
        of such section, as redesignated by subsection (b)(1) of this 
        section, is amended by striking ``subsection (h)'' and 
        inserting ``subsection (i)''.
    (d) Effective Date.--The amendments made by this section shall take 
effect on the date that is 180 days after the date of the enactment of 
this Act.
    (e) Report on Expansion of Eligibility for SVC Services for Victims 
of Alleged Domestic Violence Offenses and Related Matters.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than 120 days after the date of 
        the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall 
        submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and 
        the House of Representatives a report setting forth a 
        description and assessment of the manner in which the 
        Department of Defense would implement amendments to section 
        1044e of title 10, United States Code, that would provide for 
        the following:
                    (A) An expansion of eligibility for Special 
                Victims' Counsel services for victims of alleged 
                domestic violence offenses.
                    (B) An expansion of eligibility for Special 
                Victim's Counsel services to any civilians who are the 
                victim of an alleged sex-related offense or an alleged 
                domestic violence offense, in cases in which the 
                Secretary concerned waives the condition in section 
                1044(a)(7) of title 10, United States Code, for 
                purposes of such eligibility.
            (2) Elements.--The report required by paragraph (1) shall 
        include a comprehensive description of the additional personnel 
        (including the specific number of additional billets), 
        resources, and training required to implement the amendments 
        described in that paragraph such that such amendments are fully 
        implemented by not later than September 30, 2025.
            (3) Definitions.--In this subsection:
                    (A) The term ``alleged sex-related offense'' has 
                the meaning given that term in section 1044e(g) of 
                title 10, United States Code.
                    (B) The term ``alleged domestic violence offense'' 
                means any allegation of--
                            (i) a violation of section 928(b), 928b(1), 
                        928b(5), or 930 of title 10, United States Code 
                        (article 128(b), 128b(1), 128b(5), or 130 of 
                        the Uniform Code of Military Justice), when 
                        committed against a spouse, intimate partner, 
                        or immediate family member;
                            (ii) a violation of any other provision of 
                        subchapter X of chapter 47 of such title (the 
                        Uniform Code of Military Justice), when 
                        committed against a spouse, intimate partner, 
                        or immediate family member, if specified by any 
                        Secretary concerned for purposes of eligibility 
                        for legal consultation and assistance by 
                        Special Victims' Counsel under the amendments 
                        described in paragraph (1); and
                            (iii) an attempt to commit an offense 
                        specified in clause (i) or (ii) as punishable 
                        under section 880 of such title (article 80 of 
                        the Uniform Code of Military Justice).
                    (C) The term ``Secretary concerned'' has the 
                meaning given that term in section 101(a)(9) of title 
                10, United States Code.

SEC. 543. AVAILABILITY OF SPECIAL VICTIMS' COUNSEL AT MILITARY 
              INSTALLATIONS.

    (a) Deadline for Availability.--If a Special Victims' Counsel is 
not available at a military installation for access by a member of the 
Armed Forces who requests access to such a Counsel, such a Counsel 
shall be made available at such installation for access by such member 
by not later than 72 hours after such request.
    (b) Report on Civilian Support of SVCs.--Not later than 180 days 
after the date of the enactment of this Act, each Secretary of a 
military department shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services of 
the Senate and the House of Representatives a report setting forth the 
assessment of such Secretary of the feasibility and advisability of 
establishing and maintaining for each Special Victims' Counsel under 
the jurisdiction of such Secretary one or more civilian positions for 
the purpose of--
            (1) providing support to such Special Victims' Counsel; and
            (2) ensuring continuity and the preservation of 
        institutional knowledge in transitions between the service of 
        individuals as such Special Victims' Counsel.

SEC. 544. TRAINING FOR SPECIAL VICTIMS' COUNSEL ON CIVILIAN CRIMINAL 
              JUSTICE MATTERS IN THE STATES OF THE MILITARY 
              INSTALLATIONS TO WHICH ASSIGNED.

    (a) Training.--Upon the assignment of a Special Victims' Counsel 
(including a Victim Legal Counsel of the Navy) to a military 
installation in the United States, such Counsel shall be provided 
appropriate training on the law and policies of the State or States in 
which such military installation is located with respect to the 
criminal justice matters specified in subsection (b).
    (b) Criminal Justice Matters.--The criminal justice matters 
specified in this subsection, with respect to a State, are the 
following:
            (1) Victim rights.
            (2) Protective orders.
            (3) Prosecution of criminal offenses.
            (4) Sentencing for conviction of criminal offenses.

   PART III--BOARDS FOR CORRECTION OF MILITARY RECORDS AND DISCHARGE 
                          REVIEW BOARD MATTERS

SEC. 546. REPEAL OF 15-YEAR STATUTE OF LIMITATIONS ON MOTIONS OR 
              REQUESTS FOR REVIEW OF DISCHARGE OR DISMISSAL FROM THE 
              ARMED FORCES.

    (a) Repeal.--Section 1553(a) of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended by striking the second sentence.
    (b) Effective Date.--The amendment made by this section shall take 
effect on October 1, 2020.

SEC. 547. REDUCTION IN REQUIRED NUMBER OF MEMBERS OF DISCHARGE REVIEW 
              BOARDS.

    Section 1553(a) of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
striking ``five'' and inserting ``not fewer than three''.

SEC. 548. ENHANCEMENT OF PERSONNEL ON BOARDS FOR THE CORRECTION OF 
              MILITARY RECORDS AND DISCHARGE REVIEW BOARDS.

    (a) Boards for the Correction of Military Records.--Section 1552 of 
title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in subsection (g), by inserting ``, or a social worker 
        with training on mental health issues connected with post-
        traumatic stress disorder or traumatic brain injury or other 
        trauma,'' after ``psychiatrist''; and
            (2) in subsection (h)(2)(A), by inserting ``(including a 
        social worker with training on mental health issues connected 
        with post-traumatic stress disorder or traumatic brain injury 
        or other trauma)'' after ``a civilian health care provider''.
    (b) Discharge Review Boards.--Section 1553 of such title is 
amended--
            (1) in subsection (d)(1), by inserting ``, or a social 
        worker with training on mental health issues connected with 
        post-traumatic stress disorder or traumatic brain injury or 
        other trauma,'' after ``psychiatrist'' both places it appears; 
        and
            (2) in subsection (e), by inserting ``a social worker with 
        training on mental health issues connected with post-traumatic 
        stress disorder or traumatic brain injury or other trauma,'' 
        after ``or psychiatrist,''.

SEC. 549. INCLUSION OF INTIMATE PARTNER VIOLENCE AND SPOUSAL ABUSE 
              AMONG SUPPORTING RATIONALES FOR CERTAIN CLAIMS FOR 
              CORRECTIONS OF MILITARY RECORDS AND DISCHARGE REVIEW.

    (a) Correction of Military Records.--Section 1552(h)(1) of title 
10, United States Code, is amended by striking ``or military sexual 
trauma'' and inserting ``, sexual trauma, intimate partner violence, or 
spousal abuse''.
    (b) Discharge Review.--Section 1553(d)(3)(B) of such title is 
amended by striking ``or military sexual trauma'' and inserting ``, 
sexual trauma, intimate partner violence, or spousal abuse''.

SEC. 550. ADVICE AND COUNSEL OF TRAUMA EXPERTS IN REVIEW BY BOARDS FOR 
              CORRECTION OF MILITARY RECORDS AND DISCHARGE REVIEW 
              BOARDS OF CERTAIN CLAIMS.

    (a) Boards for Correction of Military Records.--Section 1552(g) of 
title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) by inserting ``(1)'' after ``(g)''; and
            (2) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
    ``(2) If a board established under subsection (a)(1) is reviewing a 
claim described in subsection (h), the board shall seek advice and 
counsel in the review from a psychiatrist, psychologist, or social 
worker with training on mental health issues associated with post-
traumatic stress disorder or traumatic brain injury or other trauma as 
specified in the current edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical 
Manual of Mental Disorders published by the American Psychiatric 
Association.
    ``(3) If a board established under subsection (a)(1) is reviewing a 
claim in which sexual trauma, intimate partner violence, or spousal 
abuse is claimed, the board shall seek advice and counsel in the review 
from an expert in trauma specific to sexual assault, intimate partner 
violence, or spousal abuse, as applicable.''.
    (b) Discharge Review Boards.--Section 1553(d)(1) of such title is 
amended--
            (1) by inserting ``(A)'' after ``(1)''; and
            (2) by adding at the end the following new subparagraph;
    ``(B) In the case of a former member described in paragraph (3)(B) 
who claims that the former member's post-traumatic stress disorder or 
traumatic brain injury as described in that paragraph in based in whole 
or in part on sexual trauma, intimate partner violence, or spousal 
abuse, a board established under this section to review the former 
member's discharge or dismissal shall seek advice and counsel in the 
review from a psychiatrist, psychologist, or social worker with 
training on mental health issues associated with post-traumatic stress 
disorder or traumatic brain injury or other trauma as specified in the 
current edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental 
Disorders published by the American Psychiatric Association.''.

SEC. 551. TRAINING OF MEMBERS OF BOARDS FOR CORRECTION OF MILITARY 
              RECORDS AND DISCHARGE REVIEW BOARDS ON SEXUAL TRAUMA, 
              INTIMATE PARTNER VIOLENCE, SPOUSAL ABUSE, AND RELATED 
              MATTERS.

    (a) Boards for Correction of Military Records.--The curriculum of 
training for members of boards for the correction of military records 
under section 534(c) of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
Fiscal Year 2017 (10 U.S.C. 1552 note) shall include training on each 
of the following:
            (1) Sexual trauma.
            (2) Intimate partner violence.
            (3) Spousal abuse.
            (4) The various responses of individuals to trauma.
    (b) Discharge Review Boards.--
            (1) In general.--Each Secretary concerned shall develop and 
        provide training for members of discharge review boards under 
        section 1553 of title 10, United States Code, that are under 
        the jurisdiction of such Secretary on each of the following:
                    (A) Sexual trauma.
                    (B) Intimate partner violence.
                    (C) Spousal abuse.
                    (D) The various responses of individuals to trauma.
            (2) Uniformity of training.--The Secretary of Defense and 
        the Secretary of Homeland Security shall jointly ensure that 
        the training developed and provided pursuant to this subsection 
        is, to the extent practicable, uniform.
            (3) Secretary concerned defined.--In this subsection, the 
        term ``Secretary concerned'' has the meaning given that term in 
        section 101(a)(9) of title 10, United States Code.

SEC. 552. LIMITATIONS AND REQUIREMENTS IN CONNECTION WITH SEPARATIONS 
              FOR MEMBERS OF THE ARMED FORCES WHO SUFFER FROM MENTAL 
              HEALTH CONDITIONS IN CONNECTION WITH A SEX-RELATED, 
              INTIMATE PARTNER VIOLENCE-RELATED, OR SPOUSAL-ABUSE 
              OFFENSE.

    (a) Confirmation of Diagnosis of Condition Required Before 
Separation.--Before a member of the Armed Forces who was the victim of 
a sex-related offense, an intimate partner violence-related offense, or 
a spousal-abuse offense during service in the Armed Forces (whether or 
not such offense was committed by another member of the Armed Forces), 
and who has a mental health condition not amounting to a physical 
disability, is separated, discharged, or released from the Armed Forces 
based solely on such condition, the diagnosis of such condition must 
be--
            (1) corroborated by a competent mental health care 
        professional at the peer level or a higher level of the health 
        care professional making the diagnosis; and
            (2) endorsed by the Surgeon General of the military 
        department concerned.
    (b) Narrative Reason for Separation if Mental Health Condition 
Present.--If the narrative reason for discharge, separation, or release 
from the Armed Forces of a member of the Armed Forces is a mental 
health condition that is not a disability, the appropriate narrative 
reason for the discharge, separation, or release shall be condition, 
not a disability, or Secretarial authority.
    (c) Definition.--In this section:
            (1) The term ``intimate partner violence-related offense'' 
        means the following:
                    (A) An offense under section 928 or 930 of title 
                10, United States Code (article 128 or 130 of the 
                Uniform Code of Military Justice).
                    (B) An offense under State law for conduct 
                identical or substantially similar to an offense 
                described in subparagraph (A).
            (2) The term ``sex-related offense'' means the following:
                    (A) An offense under section 920 or 920b of title 
                10, United States Code (article 120 or 120b of the 
                Uniform Code of Military Justice).
                    (B) An offense under State law for conduct 
                identical or substantially similar to an offense 
                described in subparagraph (A).
            (3) The term ``spousal-abuse offense'' means the following:
                    (A) An offense under section 928 of title 10, 
                United States Code (article 128 of the Uniform Code of 
                Military Justice).
                    (B) An offense under State law for conduct 
                identical or substantially similar to an offense 
                described in subparagraph (A).
    (d) Effective Date.--This section shall take effect 180 days after 
the date of the enactment of this Act, and shall apply with respect to 
separations, discharges, and releases from the Armed Forces that occur 
on or after that effective date.

SEC. 553. LIBERAL CONSIDERATION OF EVIDENCE IN CERTAIN CLAIMS BY BOARDS 
              FOR THE CORRECTION OF MILITARY RECORDS AND DISCHARGE 
              REVIEW BOARDS.

    (a) Boards for the Correction of Military Records.--
            (1) In general.--Section 1552(h) of title 10, United States 
        Code, is amended--
                    (A) by striking paragraph (1);
                    (B) by striking ``(2) In the case of a claimant 
                described in paragraph (1), a board'' and inserting ``A 
                board'';
                    (C) by redesignating subparagraphs (A) and (B) as 
                paragraphs (1) and (2), respectively;
                    (D) in paragraph (1), as redesignated by 
                subparagraph (C), by inserting ``all evidence presented 
                by the claimant, including lay evidence and information 
                and'' after ``review''; and
                    (E) by striking paragraph (2), as so redesignated, 
                and inserting the following new paragraph (2):
            ``(2) if a claim alleges error or injustice in the 
        claimant's discharge or dismissal, or the characterization of 
        such discharge or dismissal, review such claim with liberal 
        consideration of all evidence and information submitted by, or 
        pertaining to, the claimant.''.
            (2) Effective date.--The amendments made by paragraph (1) 
        shall take effect on the date of the enactment of this Act, and 
        shall apply with respect to claims submitted to boards for the 
        correction of military records under section 1552 of title 10, 
        United States Code, on or after that date.
    (b) Discharge Review Boards.--
            (1) In general.--Section 1553 of title 10, United States 
        Code, is amended--
                    (A) in subsection (c)--
                            (i) by inserting ``(1)'' after ``(c)''; and
                            (ii) by adding at the end the following new 
                        paragraph:
    ``(2) A board established under this section shall--
            ``(A) review all evidence and information provided by the 
        former member, including lay evidence and information and 
        medical evidence of the Secretary of Veterans Affairs or a 
        civilian health care provider that is provided by the former 
        member; and
            ``(B) review the claim with liberal consideration of all 
        evidence and information submitted by, or pertaining to, the 
        former member.''; and
                    (B) in subsection (d), by striking paragraph (3).
            (2) Effective date.--The amendments made by paragraph (1) 
        shall take effect on the date of the enactment of this Act, and 
        shall apply with respect to motions or requests for review 
        submitted to discharge review boards under section 1553 of 
        title 10, United States Code, on or after that date.

                PART IV--OTHER MILITARY JUSTICE MATTERS

SEC. 555. EXPANSION OF PRE-REFERRAL MATTERS REVIEWABLE BY MILITARY 
              JUDGES AND MILITARY MAGISTRATES IN THE INTEREST OF 
              EFFICIENCY IN MILITARY JUSTICE.

    (a) In General.--Subsection (a) of section 830a of title 10, United 
States Code (article 30a of the Uniform Code of Military Justice), is 
amended by striking paragraphs (1) and (2) and inserting the following 
new paragraphs:
    ``(1) The President shall prescribe regulations for matters 
relating to proceedings conducted before referral of charges and 
specifications to court-martial for trial, including the following:
            ``(A) Pre-referral investigative subpoenas.
            ``(B) Pre-referral warrants or orders for electronic 
        communications.
            ``(C) Pre-referral matters referred by an appellate court.
            ``(D) Pre-referral matters under subsection (c) or (e) of 
        section 806b of this title (article 6b).
            ``(E) Pre-referral matters relating to the following:
                    ``(i) Pre-trial confinement of an accused.
                    ``(ii) The mental capacity or responsibility of an 
                accused.
                    ``(iii) A request for an individual military 
                counsel.
    ``(2) In addition to the matters specified in paragraph (1), the 
regulations prescribed under that paragraph shall--
            ``(A) set forth the matters that a military judge may rule 
        upon in such proceedings;
            ``(B) include procedures for the review of such rulings;
            ``(C) include appropriate limitations to ensure that 
        proceedings under this section extend only to matters that 
        would be subject to consideration by a military judge in a 
        general or special court-martial;
            ``(D) provide such limitations on the relief that may be 
        ordered under this section as the President considers 
        appropriate; and
            ``(E) provide for treatment of such other pre-referral 
        matters as the President may prescribe.''.
    (b) Conforming and Clerical Amendments.--
            (1) Heading amendment.--The heading of such section is 
        amended to read as follows:
``Sec. 830a. Art 30a. Proceedings conducted before referral''.
            (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at the 
        beginning of subchapter VI of chapter 47 of title 10, United 
        States Code (the Uniform Code of Military Justice), is amended 
        by striking the item relating to section 830a (article 30a) and 
        inserting the following new item:

``830a. 30a. Proceedings conducted before referral.''.

SEC. 556. POLICIES AND PROCEDURES ON REGISTRATION AT MILITARY 
              INSTALLATIONS OF CIVILIAN PROTECTIVE ORDERS APPLICABLE TO 
              MEMBERS OF THE ARMED FORCES ASSIGNED TO SUCH 
              INSTALLATIONS AND CERTAIN OTHER INDIVIDUALS.

    (a) Policies and Procedures Required.--Not later than one year 
after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense 
shall, in consultation with the Secretaries of the military 
departments, establish policies and procedures for the registration at 
military installations of any civilian protective orders described in 
subsection (b), including the duties and responsibilities of commanders 
of installations in the registration process.
    (b) Civilian Protective Orders.--A civilian protective order 
described in this subsection is any civilian protective order as 
follows:
            (1) A civilian protective order against a member of the 
        Armed Forces assigned to the installation concerned.
            (2) A civilian protective order against a civilian employee 
        employed at the installation concerned.
            (3) A civilian protective order against the civilian spouse 
        or intimate partner of a member of the Armed Forces on active 
        duty and assigned to the installation concerned, or of a 
        civilian employee described in paragraph (2), which order 
        provides for the protection of such member or employee.
    (c) Particular Elements.--The policies and procedures required by 
subsection (a) shall include the following:
            (1) A requirement for notice between and among the 
        commander, military law enforcement elements, and military 
        criminal investigative elements of an installation when a 
        member of the Armed Forces assigned to such installation, a 
        civilian employee employed at such installation, a civilian 
        spouse or intimate partner of a member assigned to such 
        installation, or a civilian spouse or intimate partner of a 
        civilian employee employed at such installation becomes subject 
        to a civilian protective order.
            (2) A statement of policy that failure to register a 
        civilian protective order may not be a justification for the 
        lack of enforcement of such order by military law enforcement 
        and other applicable personnel who have knowledge of such 
        order.
    (d) Letter.--As soon as practicable after establishing the policies 
and procedures required by subsection (a), the Secretary shall submit 
to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of 
Representatives a letter that includes the following:
            (1) A detailed description of the policies and procedures.
            (2) A certification by the Secretary that the policies and 
        procedures have been implemented on each military installation.

SEC. 557. INCREASE IN NUMBER OF DIGITAL FORENSIC EXAMINERS FOR THE 
              MILITARY CRIMINAL INVESTIGATIVE ORGANIZATIONS.

    (a) In General.--Each Secretary of a military department shall take 
appropriate actions to increase the number of digital forensic 
examiners in each military criminal investigative organization (MCIO) 
under the jurisdiction of such Secretary by not fewer than 10 from the 
authorized number of such examiners for such organization as of 
September 30, 2019.
    (b) Military Criminal Investigative Organizations.--For purposes of 
this section, the military criminal investigative organizations are the 
following:
            (1) The Army Criminal Investigation Command.
            (2) The Naval Criminal Investigative Service.
            (3) The Air Force Office of Special Investigations.
            (4) The Marine Corps Criminal Investigation Division.
    (c) Funding.--Funds for additional digital forensic examiners as 
required by subsection (a) for fiscal year 2020, including for 
compensation, initial training, and equipment, shall be derived from 
amounts authorized to be appropriated for that fiscal year for the 
Armed Force concerned for operation and maintenance.

SEC. 558. SURVEY OF MEMBERS OF THE ARMED FORCES ON THEIR EXPERIENCES 
              WITH MILITARY INVESTIGATIONS AND MILITARY JUSTICE.

    (a) In General.--Chapter 23 of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended by inserting after section 481a the following new section:
``Sec. 481b. Military investigation and justice experiences: survey of 
              members of the armed forces
    ``(a) Surveys Required.--(1) The Secretary of Defense shall conduct 
from time to time a survey on the experiences of members of the armed 
forces with military investigations and military justice in accordance 
with this section and guidance issued by the Secretary for purposes of 
this section.
    ``(2) The survey under this section shall be known as the `Military 
Investigation and Justice Experience Survey'.
    ``(b) Matters Covered by Survey.--The guidance issued by the 
Secretary under this section on the survey shall include specification 
of the following:
            ``(1) The individuals to be surveyed, including any member 
        of the armed forces serving on active duty who is a victim of 
        an alleged sex-related offense and who made an unrestricted 
        report of that offense.
            ``(2) The matters to be covered in the survey, including--
                    ``(A) the experience of the individuals surveyed 
                with the military criminal investigative organization 
                that investigated the alleged offense, and with the 
                Special Victims' Counsel in the case of a member who 
                was the victim of an alleged sex-related offense; and
                    ``(B) if the individual's report resulted in a 
                charge or charges that were referred to a court-
                martial, the experience of the individual with the 
                prosecutor and the court-martial in general.
            ``(3) The timing of the administration of the survey, 
        including when the investigation or case is closed or otherwise 
        complete.
    ``(c) Frequency of Survey.--The survey required by this section 
shall be conducted at least once every four years, but not more 
frequently than once every two years.
    ``(d) Definitions.--In this section:
            ``(1) Alleged sex-related offense.--The term `alleged sex-
        related offense' has the meaning provided in section 1044e(g) 
        of this title.
            ``(2) Unrestricted report.--The term `unrestricted report' 
        means a report that is not a restricted report.
            ``(3) Restricted report.--The term `restricted report' 
        means a report concerning a sexual assault that is treated as a 
        restricted report under section 1565b(b) of this title.''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning of 
chapter 23 of such title is amended by inserting after the item 
relating to section 481a the following new item:

``481b. Military investigation and justice experiences: survey of 
                            members of the armed forces.''.

SEC. 559. PUBLIC ACCESS TO DOCKETS, FILINGS, AND COURT RECORDS OF 
              COURTS-MARTIAL OR OTHER RECORDS OF TRIAL OF THE MILITARY 
              JUSTICE SYSTEM.

    (a) In General.--Section 940a of title 10, United States Code 
(article 140a of the Uniform Code of Military Justice), is amended--
            (1) by striking ``The Secretary of Defense'' and inserting 
        ``(a) In General.--The Secretary of Defense, in consultation 
        with the Secretary of Homeland Security,'';
            (2) in subsection (a), as designated by paragraph (1)--
                    (A) in the matter preceding paragraph (1), by 
                inserting ``(including with respect to the Coast 
                Guard)'' after ``military justice system''; and
                    (B) in paragraph (4), by inserting ``public'' 
                before ``access to docket information''; and
            (3) by adding at the end the following new subsections:
    ``(b) Inapplicability of Privacy Act.--Section 552a of title 5 
shall not apply to records of trial produced or distributed within the 
military justice system or docket information, filings, and records 
made publicly accessible in accordance with the uniform standards and 
criteria for conduct established by the Secretary under subsection (a).
    ``(c) Protection of Certain Personally Identifiable Information.--
Records of trial, docket information, filings, and other records made 
publicly accessible in accordance with the uniform standards and 
criteria for conduct established by the Secretary under subsection (a) 
shall restrict access to personally identifiable information of minors 
and victims of crime (including victims of sexual assault and domestic 
violence), as practicable to the extent such information is restricted 
in electronic filing systems of Federal and State courts.
    ``(d) Inapplicability to Certain Dockets and Records.--Nothing in 
this section shall be construed to provide public access to docket 
information, filings, or records that are classified, subject to a 
judicial protective order, or ordered sealed.''.
    (b) Existing Standards and Criteria.--The Secretary of Homeland 
Security shall apply to the Coast Guard the standards and criteria for 
conduct established by the Secretary of Defense under section 940a of 
title 10, United States Code (article 140a of the Uniform Code of 
Military Justice), as in effect on the day before the date of the 
enactment of this Act, until such time as the Secretary of Defense, in 
consultation with the Secretary of Homeland Security, prescribes 
revised standards and criteria for conduct under such section that 
implement the amendments made by subsection (a) of this section.

SEC. 560. PILOT PROGRAMS ON DEFENSE INVESTIGATORS IN THE MILITARY 
              JUSTICE SYSTEM.

    (a) In General.--Each Secretary of a military department shall 
carry out a pilot program on defense investigators within the military 
justice system under the jurisdiction of such Secretary in order to do 
the following:
            (1) Determine whether the presence of defense investigators 
        within such military justice system will--
                    (A) make such military justice system more 
                effective in determining the truth; and
                    (B) make such military justice system more fair and 
                efficient.
            (2) Otherwise assess the feasibility and advisability of 
        defense investigators as an element of such military justice 
        system.
    (b) Elements.--
            (1) Model of similar civilian criminal justice systems.--
        Defense investigators under each pilot program under subsection 
        (a) shall consist of personnel, and participate in the military 
        justice system concerned, in a manner similar to that of 
        defense investigators in civilian criminal justice systems that 
        are similar to the military justice systems of the military 
        departments.
            (2) Interview of victim.--A defense investigator may 
        question a victim under a pilot program only upon a request 
        made through the Special Victims' Counsel or other counsel of 
        the victim, or trial counsel if the victim does not have such 
        counsel.
            (3) Uniformity across military justice systems.--The 
        Secretary of Defense shall ensure that the personnel and 
        activities of defense investigators under the pilot programs 
        are, to the extent practicable, uniform across the military 
        justice systems of the military departments.
    (c) Report.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than three years after the date 
        of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall, 
        in consultation with the Secretaries of the military 
        departments, submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the 
        Senate and the House of Representatives a report on the pilot 
        programs under subsection (a).
            (2) Elements.--The report required by paragraph (1) shall 
        include the following:
                    (A) A description of each pilot program, including 
                the personnel and activities of defense investigators 
                under such pilot program.
                    (B) An assessment of the feasibility and 
                advisability of establishing and maintaining defense 
                investigators as an element of the military justice 
                systems of the military departments.
                    (C) If the assessment under subparagraph (B) is 
                that the establishment and maintenance of defense 
                investigators as an element of the military justice 
                systems of the military departments is feasible and 
                advisable, such recommendations for legislative and 
                administrative action as the Secretary of Defense 
                considers appropriate to establish and maintain defense 
                investigators as an element of the military justice 
                systems.
                    (D) Any other matters the Secretary of Defense 
                considers appropriate.

SEC. 561. REPORT ON MILITARY JUSTICE SYSTEM INVOLVING ALTERNATIVE 
              AUTHORITY FOR DETERMINING WHETHER TO PREFER OR REFER 
              CHANGES FOR FELONY OFFENSES UNDER THE UNIFORM CODE OF 
              MILITARY JUSTICE.

    (a) Report Required.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than 300 days after the date of 
        the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall 
        submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and 
        the House of Representatives a report setting forth the results 
        of a study, conducted for purposes of the report, on the 
        feasibility and advisability of an alternative military justice 
        system in which determinations as to whether to prefer or refer 
        charges for trial by court-martial for any offense specified in 
        paragraph (2) is made by a judge advocate in grade O-6 or 
        higher who has significant experience in criminal litigation 
        and is outside of the chain of command of the member subject to 
        the charges rather than by a commanding officer of the member 
        who is in the chain of command of the member.
            (2) Specified offense.--An offense specified in this 
        paragraph is any offense under chapter 47 of title 10, United 
        States Code (the Uniform Code of Military Justice), for which 
        the maximum punishment authorized includes confinement for more 
        than one year.
    (b) Elements.--The study required for purposes of the report under 
subsection (a) shall address the following:
            (1) Relevant procedural, legal, and policy implications and 
        considerations of the alternative military justice system 
        described in subsection (a).
            (2) An analysis of the following in connection with the 
        implementation and maintenance of the alternative military 
        justice system:
                    (A) Legal personnel requirements.
                    (B) Changes in force structure.
                    (C) Amendments to law.
                    (D) Impacts on the timeliness and efficiency of 
                legal processes and court-martial adjudications.
                    (E) Potential legal challenges to the system.
                    (F) Potential changes in prosecution and conviction 
                rates.
                    (G) Potential impacts on the preservation of good 
                order and discipline, including the ability of a 
                commander to carry out nonjudicial punishment and other 
                administrative actions.
                    (H) Such other considerations as the Secretary 
                considers appropriate.
            (3) A comparative analysis of the military justice systems 
        of relevant foreign allies with the current military justice 
        system of the United States and the alternative military 
        justice system, including whether or not approaches of the 
        military justice systems of such allies to determinations 
        described in subsection (a) are appropriate for the military 
        justice system of the United States.
            (4) An assessment of the feasibility and advisability of 
        conducting a pilot program to assess the feasibility and 
        advisability of the alternative military justice system, and, 
        if the pilot program is determined to be feasible and 
        advisable--
                    (A) an analysis of potential legal issues in 
                connection with the pilot program, including potential 
                issues for appeals; and
                    (B) recommendations on the following:
                            (i) The populations to be subject to the 
                        pilot program.
                            (ii) The duration of the pilot program.
                            (iii) Metrics to measure the effectiveness 
                        of the pilot program.
                            (iv) The resources to be used to conduct 
                        the pilot program.

SEC. 562. REPORT ON STANDARDIZATION AMONG THE MILITARY DEPARTMENTS IN 
              COLLECTION AND PRESENTATION OF INFORMATION ON MATTERS 
              WITHIN THE MILITARY JUSTICE SYSTEM.

    Not later than 180 days after the date of the enactment of this 
Act, the Secretary of Defense shall, in consultation with the 
Secretaries of the military departments, submit to the Committees on 
Armed Services of the Senate and the House of Representatives a report 
setting forth the following:
            (1) A plan for actions to provide for standardization, to 
        the extent practicable, among the military departments in the 
        collection and presentation of information on matters within 
        their military justice systems, including information collected 
        and maintained for purposes of section 940a of title 10, United 
        States Code (article 140a of the Uniform Code of Military 
        Justice), and such other information as the Secretary considers 
        appropriate.
            (2) An assessment of the feasibility and advisability of 
        establishing and maintaining a single, Department of Defense-
        wide data management system for the standardized collection and 
        presentation of information described in paragraph (1).

SEC. 563. REPORT ON ESTABLISHMENT OF GUARDIAN AD LITEM PROGRAM FOR 
              CERTAIN MILITARY DEPENDENTS WHO ARE A VICTIM OR WITNESS 
              OF OFFENSES UNDER THE UNIFORM CODE OF MILITARY JUSTICE 
              INVOLVING ABUSE OR EXPLOITATION.

    (a) Report Required.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than one year after the date of 
        the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall 
        submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and 
        the House of Representatives a report setting forth an 
        assessment of the feasibility and advisability of establishing 
        a guardian ad litem program for military dependents described 
        in paragraph (2) who are a victim or witness of an offense 
        under chapter 47 of title 10, United States Code (the Uniform 
        Code of Military Justice), that involves an element of abuse or 
        exploitation in order to protect the best interests of such 
        dependents in a court-martial of such offense.
            (2) Covered dependents.--The military dependents described 
        in this paragraph are as follows:
                    (A) Military dependents under 12 years of age.
                    (B) Military dependents who lack mental or other 
                capacity.
    (b) Elements.--The report required by subsection (a) shall include 
the following:
            (1) An assessment of the feasibility and advisability of 
        establishing a guardian ad litem program as described in 
        subsection (a).
            (2) If establishment of the guardian ad litem program is 
        considered feasible and advisable, the following:
                    (A) A description of administrative requirements in 
                connection with the program, including the following:
                            (i) Any memoranda of understanding between 
                        the Department of Defense and State and local 
                        authorities required for purposes of the 
                        program.
                            (ii) The personnel, funding, and other 
                        resources required for purposes of the program.
                    (B) Best practices for the program (as determined 
                in consultation with appropriate civilian experts on 
                child advocacy).
                    (C) Such recommendations for legislative and 
                administration action to implement the program as the 
                Secretary considers appropriate.

   Subtitle E--Member Education, Training, Transition, and Resilience

SEC. 566. CONSECUTIVE SERVICE OF SERVICE OBLIGATION IN CONNECTION WITH 
              PAYMENT OF TUITION FOR OFF-DUTY TRAINING OR EDUCATION FOR 
              COMMISSIONED OFFICERS OF THE ARMED FORCES WITH ANY OTHER 
              SERVICE OBLIGATIONS.

    (a) In General.--Section 2007(b) of title 10, United States Code, 
is amended by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
    ``(3) Any active duty service obligation of a commissioned officer 
under this subsection shall be served consecutively with any other 
service obligation of the officer (whether active duty or otherwise) 
under any other provision of law.''.
    (b) Effective Date.--The amendment made by this section shall take 
effect on the date of the enactment of this Act, and shall apply with 
respect to agreements for the payment of tuition for off-duty training 
or education that are entered into on or after that date.

SEC. 567. AUTHORITY FOR DETAIL OF CERTAIN ENLISTED MEMBERS OF THE ARMED 
              FORCES AS STUDENTS AT LAW SCHOOLS.

    (a) In General.--Section 2004 of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended--
            (1) in subsection (a)--
                    (A) by inserting ``and enlisted members'' after 
                ``commissioned officers'';
                    (B) by striking ``bachelor of laws or''; and
                    (C) by inserting ``and enlisted members'' after 
                ``twenty-five officers'';
            (2) in subsection (b)--
                    (A) in the matter preceding paragraph (1), by 
                inserting ``or enlisted member'' after ``officer'';
                    (B) by striking paragraph (1) and inserting the 
                following new paragraph (1):
            ``(1) either--
                    ``(A) have served on active duty for a period of 
                not less than two years nor more than six years and be 
                an officer in the pay grade O-3 or below as of the time 
                the training is to begin; or
                    ``(B) have served on active duty for a period of 
                not less than four years nor more than eight years and 
                be an enlisted member in the pay grade E-5, E-6, or E-7 
                as of the time the training is to begin;'';
                    (C) by redesignating paragraph (2) as paragraph 
                (3);
                    (D) by inserting after paragraph (1), as amended by 
                subparagraph (B), the following new paragraph (2):
            ``(2) in the case of an enlisted member, meet all 
        requirements for acceptance of a commission as a commissioned 
        officer in the armed forces; and''; and
                    (E) in subparagraph (B) of paragraph (3), as 
                redesignated by subparagraph (C) of this paragraph, by 
                striking ``or law specialist'';
            (3) in subsection (c)--
                    (A) in the first sentence, by inserting ``and 
                enlisted members'' after ``Officers''; and
                    (B) in the second sentence, by inserting ``or 
                enlisted member'' after ``officer'' each place it 
                appears;
            (4) in subsection (d), by inserting ``and enlistment 
        members'' after ``officers'';
            (5) in subsection (e), by inserting ``or enlistment 
        member'' after ``officer''; and
            (6) in subsection (f), by inserting ``or enlisted member'' 
        after ``officer''.
    (b) Conforming and Clerical Amendments.--
            (1) Heading amendment.--The heading of such section is 
        amended to read as follows:
``Sec. 2004. Detail as students at law schools; commissioned officers; 
              certain enlisted members''.
            (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at the 
        beginning of chapter 101 of such title is amended by striking 
        the item relating to section 2004 and inserting the following 
        new item:

``2004. Detail as students at law schools; commissioned officers; 
                            certain enlisted members.''.

SEC. 568. CONNECTIONS OF MEMBERS RETIRING OR SEPARATING FROM THE ARMED 
              FORCES WITH COMMUNITY-BASED ORGANIZATIONS AND RELATED 
              ENTITIES.

    (a) In General.--The Secretary of Defense and the Secretary of 
Veterans Affairs shall jointly seek to enter into memoranda of 
understanding (MOUs) or other agreements with State veterans agencies 
under which information from Department of Defense Form DD-2648 on 
individuals undergoing retirement, discharge, or release from the Armed 
Forces is transmitted to one or more State veterans agencies, as 
elected by such individuals, to provide or connect veterans to benefits 
or services as follows:
            (1) Assistance in preparation of resumes.
            (2) Training for employment interviews.
            (3) Employment recruitment training.
            (4) Other services leading directly to a successful 
        transition from military life to civilian life.
            (5) Healthcare, including care for mental health.
            (6) Transportation or transportation-related services.
            (7) Housing.
            (8) Such other benefits or services as the Secretaries 
        jointly consider appropriate for purposes of this section.
    (b) Information Transmitted.--The information transmitted on 
individuals as described in subsection (a) shall be such information on 
Form DD-2648 as the Secretaries jointly consider appropriate to 
facilitate community-based organizations and related entities in 
providing or connecting such individuals to benefits and services as 
described in subsection (a).
    (c) Modification of Form DD-2648.--The Secretary of Defense shall 
make such modifications to Form DD-2648 as the Secretary considers 
appropriate to allow an individual filling out the form to indicate an 
email address at which the individual may be contacted to receive or be 
connected to benefits or services described in subsection (a).
    (d) Voluntary Participation.--Information on an individual may be 
transmitted to and through a State veterans agency as described in 
subsection (a) only with the consent of the individual. In giving such 
consent, an individual shall specify the following:
            (1) The State veterans agency or agencies elected by the 
        individual to transmit such information as described in 
        subsection (a).
            (2) The benefits and services for which contact information 
        shall be so transmitted.
            (3) Such other information on the individual as the 
        individual considers appropriate in connection with the 
        transmittal.

Subtitle F--Defense Dependents' Education and Military Family Readiness 
                                Matters

             PART I--DEFENSE DEPENDENTS' EDUCATION MATTERS

SEC. 571. CONTINUATION OF AUTHORITY TO ASSIST LOCAL EDUCATIONAL 
              AGENCIES THAT BENEFIT DEPENDENTS OF MEMBERS OF THE ARMED 
              FORCES AND DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE CIVILIAN EMPLOYEES.

    (a) Assistance to Schools With Significant Numbers of Military 
Dependent Students.--Of the amount authorized to be appropriated for 
fiscal year 2020 by section 301 and available for operation and 
maintenance for Defense-wide activities as specified in the funding 
table in section 4301, $40,000,000 shall be available only for the 
purpose of providing assistance to local educational agencies under 
subsection (a) of section 572 of the National Defense Authorization Act 
for Fiscal Year 2006 (Public Law 109-163; 20 U.S.C. 7703b).
    (b) Local Educational Agency Defined.--In this section, the term 
``local educational agency'' has the meaning given that term in section 
7013(9) of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965 (20 
U.S.C. 7713(9)).

SEC. 572. IMPACT AID FOR CHILDREN WITH SEVERE DISABILITIES.

    (a) In General.--Of the amount authorized to be appropriated for 
fiscal year 2020 pursuant to section 301 and available for operation 
and maintenance for Defense-wide activities as specified in the funding 
table in section 4301, $10,000,000 shall be available for payments 
under section 363 of the Floyd D. Spence National Defense Authorization 
Act for Fiscal Year 2001 (as enacted into law by Public Law 106-398; 
114 Stat. 1654A-77; 20 U.S.C. 7703a).
    (b) Use of Certain Amount.--Of the amount available under 
subsection (a) for payments as described in that subsection, $5,000,000 
shall be available for such payments to local educational agencies 
determined by the Secretary of Defense, in the discretion of the 
Secretary, to have higher concentrations of military children with 
severe disabilities.

SEC. 573. RI'KATAK GUEST STUDENT PROGRAM AT UNITED STATES ARMY 
              GARRISON-KWAJALEIN ATOLL.

    (a) Program Authorized.--The Secretary of the Army may conduct an 
assistance program to educate up to five local national students per 
grade, per academic year, on a space-available basis at the contractor-
operated schools on United States Army GarrisonUKwajalein Atoll. The 
program shall be known as the ``Ri'katak Guest Student Program''.
    (b) Student Assistance.--Assistance that may be provided to 
students participating in the program carried out pursuant to 
subsection (a) includes the following:
            (1) Classroom instruction.
            (2) Extracurricular activities.
            (3) Student meals.
            (4) Transportation.

               PART II--MILITARY FAMILY READINESS MATTERS

SEC. 576. TWO-YEAR EXTENSION OF AUTHORITY FOR REIMBURSEMENT FOR STATE 
              LICENSURE AND CERTIFICATION COSTS OF SPOUSES OF MEMBERS 
              OF THE ARMED FORCES ARISING FROM RELOCATION TO ANOTHER 
              STATE.

    Section 476(p)(4) of title 37, United States Code, is amended by 
striking ``December 31, 2022'' and inserting ``December 31, 2024''.

SEC. 577. IMPROVEMENT OF OCCUPATIONAL LICENSE PORTABILITY FOR MILITARY 
              SPOUSES THROUGH INTERSTATE COMPACTS.

    Section 1784 of title 10, United States Code, is amended by adding 
at the end the following new subsection:
    ``(h) Improvement of Occupational License Portability Through 
Interstate Compacts.--
            ``(1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense shall seek to 
        enter into a cooperative agreement with the Council of State 
        Governments to assist with funding of the development of 
        interstate compacts on licensed occupations in order to 
        alleviate the burden associated with relicensing in such an 
        occupation by spouse of a member of the armed forces in 
        connection with a permanent change of duty station of members 
        to another State.
            ``(2) Limitation on assistance per compact.--The amount 
        provided under paragraph (1) as assistance for the development 
        of any particular interstate compact may not exceed $1,000,000.
            ``(3) Limitation on total amount of assistance.--The total 
        amount of assistance provided under paragraph (1) in any fiscal 
        year may not exceed $4,000,000.
            ``(4) Annual report.--Not later than February 28 each year, 
        the Secretary shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services 
        of the Senate and the House of Representatives a report on 
        interstate compacts described in paragraph (1) developed 
        through assistance provided under that paragraph. Each report 
        shall set forth the following:
                    ``(A) Any interstate compact developed during the 
                preceding calendar year, including the occupational 
                licenses covered by such compact and the States 
                agreeing to enter into such compact.
                    ``(B) Any interstate compact developed during a 
                prior calendar year into which one or more additional 
                States agreed to enter during the preceding calendar 
                year.
            ``(5) Expiration.--The authority to enter into a 
        cooperative agreement under paragraph (1), and to provide 
        assistance described in that paragraph pursuant to such 
        cooperative agreement, shall expire on September 30, 2024.''.

SEC. 578. MODIFICATION OF RESPONSIBILITY OF THE OFFICE OF SPECIAL NEEDS 
              FOR INDIVIDUALIZED SERVICE PLANS FOR MEMBERS OF MILITARY 
              FAMILIES WITH SPECIAL NEEDS.

    Subparagraph (F) of section 1781c(d)(4) of title 10, United States 
Code, is amended to read as follows:
            ``(F) Requirements regarding the development of an 
        individualized services plan for each military family member 
        with special needs when requested in connection with the 
        completion of a family needs assessment for the military family 
        concerned.''.

SEC. 579. CLARIFYING TECHNICAL AMENDMENT ON DIRECT HIRE AUTHORITY FOR 
              THE DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE FOR CHILDCARE SERVICES 
              PROVIDERS FOR DEPARTMENT CHILD DEVELOPMENT CENTERS.

    Section 559(e) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 2018 (Public Law 115-91; 131 Stat. 1406; 10 U.S.C. 1792 note) is 
amended by inserting ``(including family childcare coordinator services 
and school age childcare coordinator services)'' after ``childcare 
services''.

SEC. 580. PILOT PROGRAM ON INFORMATION SHARING BETWEEN DEPARTMENT OF 
              DEFENSE AND DESIGNATED RELATIVES AND FRIENDS OF MEMBERS 
              OF THE ARMED FORCES REGARDING THE EXPERIENCES AND 
              CHALLENGES OF MILITARY SERVICE.

    (a) Pilot Program Required.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than one year after the date of 
        the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall seek 
        to enter into an agreement with the American Red Cross to carry 
        out a pilot program under which the American Red Cross--
                    (A) encourages a member of the Armed Forces, upon 
                the enlistment or appointment of such member, to 
                designate up to 10 persons to whom information 
                regarding the military service of such member shall be 
                disseminated using contact information obtained under 
                paragraph (6); and
                    (B) provides such persons, within 30 days after the 
                date on which such persons are designated under 
                subparagraph (A), the option to elect to receive such 
                information regarding military service.
            (2) Dissemination.--The Secretary shall disseminate 
        information described in paragraph (1)(A) under the pilot 
        program on a regular basis.
            (3) Types of information.--The types of information to be 
        disseminated under the pilot program to persons who elect to 
        receive such information shall include information regarding--
                    (A) aspects of daily life and routine experienced 
                by members of the Armed Forces;
                    (B) the challenges and stresses of military 
                service, particularly during and after deployment as 
                part of a contingency operation;
                    (C) the services available to members of the Armed 
                Forces and the dependents of such members to cope with 
                the experiences and challenges of military service;
                    (D) benefits administered by the Department of 
                Defense for members of the Armed Forces and the 
                dependents of such members;
                    (E) a toll-free telephone number through which such 
                persons who elect to receive information under the 
                pilot program may request information regarding the 
                program; and
                    (F) such other information as the Secretary 
                determines to be appropriate.
            (4) Privacy of information.--In carrying out the pilot 
        program, the Secretary may not disseminate information under 
        paragraph (3) in violation of laws and regulations pertaining 
        to the privacy of members of the Armed Forces, including 
        requirements pursuant to--
                    (A) section 552a of title 5, United States Code; 
                and
                    (B) the Health Insurance Portability and 
                Accountability Act of 1996 (Public Law 104-191).
            (5) Notice and modifications.--In carrying out the pilot 
        program, the Secretary shall, with respect to a member of the 
        Armed Forces--
                    (A) ensure that such member is notified of the 
                ability to modify designations made by such member 
                under paragraph (1)(B); and
                    (B) upon the request of a member, authorize such 
                member to modify such designations at any time.
            (6) Contact information.--In making a designation under the 
        pilot program, a member of the Armed Forces shall provide 
        necessary contact information, specifically including an email 
        address, to facilitate the dissemination of information 
        regarding the military service of the member.
            (7) Opt-in and opt-out of program.--
                    (A) Opt-in by members.--A member may participate in 
                the pilot program only if the member voluntarily elects 
                to participate in the program. A member seeking to make 
                such an election shall make such election in a manner, 
                and by including such information, as the Secretary and 
                the Red Cross shall jointly specify for purposes of the 
                pilot program.
                    (B) Opt-in by designated recipients.--A person 
                designated pursuant to paragraph (1)(A) may receive 
                information under the pilot program only if the person 
                makes the election described in paragraph(1)(B).
                    (C) Opt-out.--In carrying out the pilot program, 
                the Secretary shall, with respect to a person who has 
                elected to receive information under such pilot 
                program, cease disseminating such information to that 
                person upon request of such person.
    (b) Survey and Report on Pilot Program.--
            (1) Survey.--Not later than two years after the date on 
        which the pilot program commences, the Secretary, in 
        consultation with the American Red Cross, shall administer a 
        survey to persons who elected to receive information under the 
        pilot program for the purpose of receiving feedback regarding 
        the quality of information disseminated under this section, 
        including whether such information appropriately reflects the 
        military career progression of members of the Armed Forces.
            (2) Report.--Not later than three years after the date on 
        which the pilot program commences, the Secretary shall submit 
        to the congressional defense committees a final report on the 
        pilot program which includes--
                    (A) the results of the survey administered under 
                paragraph (1);
                    (B) a determination as to whether the pilot program 
                should be made permanent; and
                    (C) recommendations as to modifications necessary 
                to improve the program if made permanent.
    (c) Termination of Pilot Program.--The pilot program shall 
terminate upon submission of the report required by subsection (b)(2).

SEC. 581. BRIEFING ON USE OF FAMILY ADVOCACY PROGRAMS TO ADDRESS 
              DOMESTIC VIOLENCE.

    Not later than 180 days after the date of the enactment of this 
Act, the Secretary of Defense shall provide to the Committees on Armed 
Services of the Senate and the House of Representatives a briefing on 
various mechanisms by which the Family Advocacy Programs (FAPs) of the 
military departments may be used and enhanced in order to end domestic 
violence among members of the Armed Forces and support survivors of 
such violence and their dependents.

                   Subtitle G--Decorations and Awards

SEC. 585. AUTHORIZATION FOR AWARD OF THE MEDAL OF HONOR TO JOHN J. 
              DUFFY FOR ACTS OF VALOR IN VIETNAM.

    (a) Waiver of Time Limitations.--Notwithstanding the time 
limitations specified in section 3744 of title 10, United States Code, 
or any other time limitation with respect to the awarding of certain 
medals to persons who served in the Armed Forces, the President may 
award the Medal of Honor under section 3741 of such title to John J. 
Duffy for the acts of valor in Vietnam described in subsection (b).
    (b) Acts of Valor Described.--The acts of valor referred to in 
subsection (a) are the actions of John J. Duffy on April 14 and 15, 
1972, in Vietnam for which he was previously awarded the Distinguished-
Service Cross.

SEC. 586. STANDARDIZATION OF HONORABLE SERVICE REQUIREMENT FOR AWARD OF 
              MILITARY DECORATIONS.

    (a) Honorable Service Requirement.--
            (1) In general.--Chapter 57 of title 10, United States 
        Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new section
``Sec. 1136. Honorable service requirement for award of military 
              decorations
    ``No military decoration, including a medal, cross, or bar, or an 
associated emblem or insignia, may be awarded or presented to any 
person, or to a representative of the person, if the service of the 
person after the person distinguished himself or herself has not been 
honorable.''.
            (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at the 
        beginning of chapter 57 of such title is amended by adding at 
        the end the following:

``1136. Honorable service requirement for award of military 
                            decorations.''.
    (b) Conforming Amendments.--Title 10, United States Code, is 
further amended as follows:
            (1) In section 7274--
                    (A) in subsection (b) in the matter preceding 
                paragraph (1), by striking ``subsection (d)'' and 
                inserting ``subsection (c)'';
                    (B) by striking subsection (c); and
                    (C) by redesignating subsection (d) as subsection 
                (c).
            (2)(A) Section 8299 is repealed.
            (B) The table of sections at the beginning of chapter 837 
        is amended by striking the item relating to section 8299.
            (3) In section 9274--
                    (A) in subsection (b) in the matter preceding 
                paragraph (1), by striking ``subsection (d)'' and 
                inserting ``subsection (c)'';
                    (B) by striking subsection (c); and
                    (C) by redesignating subsection (d) as subsection 
                (c).
            (4) In section 9279, by striking subsection (c).

SEC. 587. AUTHORITY TO AWARD OR PRESENT A DECORATION NOT PREVIOUSLY 
              RECOMMENDED IN A TIMELY FASHION FOLLOWING A REVIEW 
              REQUESTED BY CONGRESS.

    (a) Authority To Award or Present.--Section 1130 of title 10, 
United States Code, is amended--
            (1) by redesignating subsection (d) as subsection (e); and
            (2) by inserting after subsection (c) the following new 
        subsection (d):
    ``(d)(1) A decoration may be awarded or presented following the 
submittal of a recommendation under subsection (b) approving the award 
or presentation.
    ``(2) The authority to make an award or presentation under this 
subsection shall apply notwithstanding any limitation described in 
subsection (a).''.
    (b) Conforming and Clerical Amendments.--
            (1) Heading amendment.--The heading of such section is 
        amended to read as follows:
``Sec. 1130. Consideration of proposals for decorations not previously 
              submitted in timely fashion: procedures for review and 
              award or presentation''.
            (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at the 
        beginning of chapter 57 of such title is amended by striking 
        the item relating to section 1130 and inserting the following 
        new item:

``1130. Consideration of proposals for decorations not previously 
                            submitted in timely fashion: procedures for 
                            review and award or presentation.''.

SEC. 588. AUTHORITY TO MAKE POSTHUMOUS AND HONORARY PROMOTIONS AND 
              APPOINTMENTS FOLLOWING A REVIEW REQUESTED BY CONGRESS.

    (a) Authority To Make.--Section 1563 of title 10, United States 
Code, is amended--
            (1) by redesignating subsection (c) as subsection (e); and
            (2) by inserting after subsection (b) the following new 
        subsections:
    ``(c) Authority To Make.--(1) Under regulations prescribed by the 
Secretary of Defense, a posthumous or honorary promotion or appointment 
may be made following the submittal of a determination under subsection 
(b) if the determination is to approve the making of such promotion of 
appointment.
    ``(2) The authority to make a promotion or appointment under this 
subsection shall apply notwithstanding that such promotion or 
appointment is not otherwise authorized by law.
    ``(d) Additional Benefits Not To Accrue.--The promotion or 
appointment of individual pursuant to subsection (c) shall not affect 
the retired pay or other benefits from the United States to which the 
individual would have been entitled based upon the individual's 
military service, if any, or affect any benefits to which any other 
person may become entitled based on the individual's military service, 
if any.''.
    (b) Conforming and Clerical Amendments.--
            (1) Heading amendment.--The heading of such section is 
        amended to read as follows:
``Sec. 1563. Consideration of proposals for posthumous and honorary 
              promotions and appointments: procedures for review and 
              promotion or appointment''.
            (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at the 
        beginning of chapter 80 of such title is amended by striking 
        the item relating to section 1563 and inserting the following 
        new item:

``1563. Consideration of proposals for posthumous and honorary 
                            promotions and appointments: procedures for 
                            review and promotion or appointment.''.

                       Subtitle H--Other Matters

SEC. 591. MILITARY FUNERAL HONORS MATTERS.

    (a) Full Military Honors Ceremony for Certain Veterans.--Section 
1491(b) of title 10, United States Code, is amended by adding at the 
end the following:
    ``(3) The Secretary concerned shall provide full military honors 
(as determined by the Secretary concerned) for the funeral of a veteran 
who--
            ``(A) is first interred or first inurned in Arlington 
        National Cemetery on or after the date of the enactment of the 
        National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2020;
            ``(B) was awarded the medal of honor or the prisoner-of-war 
        medal; and
            ``(C) is not entitled to full military honors by the grade 
        of that veteran.''.
    (b) Full Military Funeral Honors for Veterans at Military 
Installations.--
            (1) Installation plans for honors required.--The commander 
        of each military installation at or through which a funeral 
        honors detail for a veteran is provided pursuant to section 
        1491 of title 10, United States Code (as amended by subsection 
        (a)), shall maintain and carry out a plan for the provision, 
        upon request, of full military funeral honors at funerals of 
        veterans for whom a funeral honors detail is authorized in that 
        section.
            (2) Elements.--Each plan of an installation under paragraph 
        (1) shall include the following:
                    (A) Mechanisms to ensure compliance with the 
                requirements applicable to the composition of funeral 
                honors details in section 1491(b) of title 10, United 
                States Code (as so amended).
                    (B) Mechanisms to ensure compliance with the 
                requirements for ceremonies for funerals in section 
                1491(c) of such title.
                    (C) In addition to the ceremonies required pursuant 
                to subparagraph (B), the provision of a gun salute for 
                each funeral by appropriate personnel, including 
                personnel of the installation, members of the reserve 
                components of the Armed Forces residing in the vicinity 
                of the installation who are ordered to funeral honors 
                duty, and members of veterans organizations or other 
                organizations referred to in section 1491(b)(2) of such 
                title.
                    (D) Mechanisms for the provision of support 
                authorized by section 1491(d) of such title.
                    (E) Such other mechanisms and activities as the 
                Secretary concerned considers appropriate in order to 
                assure that full military funeral honors are provided 
                upon request at funerals of veterans.
            (3) Definitions.--In this subsection:
                    (A) The term ``Secretary concerned'' has the 
                meaning given that term in section 101(a)(9) of title 
                10, United States Code.
                    (B) The term ``veteran'' has the meaning given that 
                term in section 1491(h) of title 10, United States 
                Code.

SEC. 592. INCLUSION OF HOMESCHOOLED STUDENTS IN JUNIOR RESERVE 
              OFFICERS' TRAINING CORPS UNITS.

    Section 2031 of title 10, United States Code, is amended by adding 
at the end the following new subsection:
    ``(g)(1) Each public secondary educational institution that 
maintains a unit under this section shall permit membership in the unit 
to homeschooled students residing in the area served by the institution 
who are qualified for membership in the unit (but for lack of 
enrollment in the institution).
    ``(2) A student who is a member of a unit pursuant to this 
subsection shall count toward the satisfaction by the institution 
concerned of the requirement in subsection (b)(1) relating to the 
minimum number of student members in the unit necessary for the 
continuing maintenance of the unit.''.

SEC. 593. SENSE OF SENATE ON THE JUNIOR RESERVE OFFICERS' TRAINING 
              CORPS.

    It is the sense of the Senate that--
            (1) the Junior Reserve Officers' Training Corps (JROTC) is 
        a valuable program that instill the values of citizenship, 
        service to the community, personal responsibility and a sense 
        of accomplishment in high school students;
            (2) the Junior Reserve Officers' Training Corps is 
        supported by all the Armed Forces, and there are Junior Reserve 
        Officers' Training Corps units in all 50 States, 4 United 
        States territories, and the District of Columbia;
            (3) the Junior Reserve Officers' Training Corps 
        consistently improves student outcomes across a wide variety of 
        academic and nonacademic data points, including grade point 
        average, high school graduation and college acceptance rates, 
        standardized test scores, drop-out rates, discipline problems, 
        and leadership skills;
            (4) the Department of Defense should view the Junior 
        Reserve Officers' Training Corps as a unique program to help 
        close the divide between the military and the greater civilian 
        community in the United States;
            (5) given the increased funding and more flexible policy 
        authorized in the John S. McCain National Defense Authorization 
        Act for Fiscal Year 2019 (Public Law 115-232), the Department 
        should take every possible action to increase the number of 
        Junior Reserve Officers' Training Corps units at schools around 
        the United States; and
            (6) the desired number of Junior Reserve Officers' Training 
        Corps units should be at least 3,700 in order to relieve a 
        significant backlog in requests to establish such units.

          TITLE VI--COMPENSATION AND OTHER PERSONNEL BENEFITS

                     Subtitle A--Pay and Allowances

SEC. 601. EXPANSION OF ELIGIBILITY FOR EXCEPTIONAL TRANSITIONAL 
              COMPENSATION FOR DEPENDENTS TO DEPENDENTS OF CURRENT 
              MEMBERS.

    Section 1059(m) of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in the subsection heading, by inserting ``Members or'' 
        after ``Dependents of'';
            (2) by inserting ``member or'' before ``former member'' 
        each place it appears;
            (3) by redesignating paragraph (3) as paragraph (4); and
            (4) by inserting after paragraph (2) the following new 
        paragraph (3):
    ``(3) For purposes of the provision of benefits under this section 
pursuant to this subsection, a member shall be considered separated 
from active duty upon the earliest of--
            ``(A) the date an administrative separation is initiated by 
        a commander of the member;
            ``(B) the date the court-martial sentence is adjudged if 
        the sentence, as adjudged, includes a dismissal, dishonorable 
        discharge, bad conduct discharge, or forfeiture of all pay and 
        allowances; or
            ``(C) the date the member's term of service expires.''.

           Subtitle B--Bonuses and Special and Incentive Pays

SEC. 611. ONE-YEAR EXTENSION OF CERTAIN EXPIRING BONUS AND SPECIAL PAY 
              AUTHORITIES.

    (a) Authorities Relating To Reserve Forces.--Section 910(g) of 
title 37, United States Code, relating to income replacement payments 
for reserve component members experiencing extended and frequent 
mobilization for active duty service, is amended by striking ``December 
31, 2019'' and inserting ``December 31, 2020''.
    (b) Title 10 Authorities Relating to Health Care Professionals.--
The following sections of title 10, United States Code, are amended by 
striking ``December 31, 2019'' and inserting ``December 31, 2020'':
            (1) Section 2130a(a)(1), relating to nurse officer 
        candidate accession program.
            (2) Section 16302(d), relating to repayment of education 
        loans for certain health professionals who serve in the 
        Selected Reserve.
    (c) Authorities Relating to Nuclear Officers.--Section 333(i) of 
title 37, United States Code, is amended by striking ``December 31, 
2019'' and inserting ``December 31, 2020''.
    (d) Authorities Relating to Title 37 Consolidated Special Pay, 
Incentive Pay, and Bonus Authorities.--The following sections of title 
37, United States Code, are amended by striking ``December 31, 2019'' 
and inserting ``December 31, 2020'':
            (1) Section 331(h), relating to general bonus authority for 
        enlisted members.
            (2) Section 332(g), relating to general bonus authority for 
        officers.
            (3) Section 334(i), relating to special aviation incentive 
        pay and bonus authorities for officers.
            (4) Section 335(k), relating to special bonus and incentive 
        pay authorities for officers in health professions.
            (5) Section 336(g), relating to contracting bonus for 
        cadets and midshipmen enrolled in the Senior Reserve Officers' 
        Training Corps.
            (6) Section 351(h), relating to hazardous duty pay.
            (7) Section 352(g), relating to assignment pay or special 
        duty pay.
            (8) Section 353(i), relating to skill incentive pay or 
        proficiency bonus.
            (9) Section 355(h), relating to retention incentives for 
        members qualified in critical military skills or assigned to 
        high priority units.
    (e) Authority to Provide Temporary Increase in Rates of Basic 
Allowance for Housing.--Section 403(b)(7)(E) of title 37, United States 
Code, is amended by striking ``December 31, 2019'' and inserting 
``December 31, 2020''.

            Subtitle C--Travel and Transportation Allowances

SEC. 621. EXTENSION OF PILOT PROGRAM ON A GOVERNMENT LODGING PROGRAM.

    Section 914(b) of the Carl Levin and Howard P. ``Buck'' McKeon 
National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2015 (5 U.S.C. 5911 
note) is amended by striking ``December 31, 2019'' and inserting 
``December 31, 2020''.

SEC. 622. REINVESTMENT OF TRAVEL REFUNDS BY THE DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE.

    (a) Refunds for Official Travel.--Subchapter I of chapter 8 of 
title 37, United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the 
following new section:
``Sec. 456. Managed travel program refunds
    ``(a) Credit of Refunds.--The Secretary of Defense may credit 
refunds attributable to Department of Defense managed travel programs 
as a direct result of official travel to such operation and maintenance 
or research, development, test, and evaluation accounts of the 
Department as designated by the Secretary that are available for 
obligation for the fiscal year in which the refund or amount is 
collected.
    ``(b) Use of Refunds.--Refunds credited under subsection (a) may 
only be used for official travel or operations and efficiency 
improvements for improved financial management of official travel.
    ``(c) Definitions.--In this section:
            ``(1) Managed travel program.--The term `managed travel 
        program' includes air, rental car, train, bus, dining, lodging, 
        and travel management, but does not include rebates or refunds 
        attributable to the use of the Government travel card, the 
        Government Purchase Card, or Government travel arranged by 
        Government Contracted Travel Management Centers.
            ``(2) Refund.--The term `refund' includes miscellaneous 
        receipts credited to the Department identified as a refund, 
        rebate, repayment, or other similar amounts collected.''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning of 
chapter 8 of such title is amended by inserting after the item relating 
to section 455 the following new item:

``456. Managed travel program refunds.''.
    (c) Clarification on Retention of Travel Promotional Items.--
Section 1116(a) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 2002 (Public Law 107-107; 5 U.S.C. 5702 note) is amended--
            (1) by striking ``Definition.--In this section, the term'' 
        and inserting the following: ``Definitions.--In this section:
            ``(1) The term''; and
            (2) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
            ``(2) The term `general public' includes the Federal 
        Government or an agency.''.

     Subtitle D--Disability Pay, Retired Pay, and Survivor Benefits

SEC. 631. CONTRIBUTIONS TO DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE MILITARY RETIREMENT 
              FUND BASED ON PAY COSTS PER ARMED FORCE RATHER THAN ON 
              ARMED FORCES-WIDE BASIS.

    (a) Determination of Contributions Generally.--Section 1465(c) of 
title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (1)--
                    (A) in subparagraph (A), by striking ``single level 
                percentage of basic pay for active duty (other than the 
                Coast Guard) and for full-time National Guard duty'' 
                and inserting ``percentage of basic pay for each armed 
                force (other than the Coast Guard) and for any full-
                time National Guard duty'';
                    (B) in subparagraph (B)--
                            (i) by striking ``single level''; and
                            (ii) by striking ``members of the Selected 
                        Reserve of the armed forces (other than the 
                        Coast Guard)'' and inserting ``each armed force 
                        (other than the Coast Guard) for members of the 
                        Selected Reserve''; and
                    (C) in the flush matter following subparagraph (B), 
                by striking ``single level''; and
            (2) in paragraph (4)--
                    (A) by striking ``a single level percentage 
                determined'' both places it appears and inserting 
                ``percentages''; and
                    (B) in the flush matter following subparagraph (B), 
                by striking ``single level''.
    (b) Conforming Amendments.--
            (1) Determination of contributions.--Section 1465(b) of 
        title 10, United States Code, is amended--
                    (A) in paragraph (1)--
                            (i) in subparagraph (A)--
                                    (I) in the matter preceding clause 
                                (i), by striking ``product'' and 
                                inserting ``aggregate of the 
                                products'';
                                    (II) in clause (i), by striking 
                                ``single level percentage of basic 
                                pay'' and inserting ``percentage of 
                                basic pay for each armed force (other 
                                than the Coast Guard)''; and
                                    (III) in clause (ii), by striking 
                                ``for active duty (other than the Coast 
                                Guard) and for full-time National Guard 
                                duty'' and inserting ``for such armed 
                                force for active duty and for any full-
                                time National Guard duty''; and
                            (ii) in subparagraph (B)--
                                    (I) in the matter preceding clause 
                                (i), by striking ``product'' and 
                                inserting ``aggregate of the 
                                products'';
                                    (II) in clause (i), by striking 
                                ``single level percentage of basic pay 
                                and of compensation (paid pursuant to 
                                section 206 of title 37)'' and 
                                inserting ``percentage of basic pay and 
                                of compensation (paid pursuant to 
                                section 206 of title 37) for each armed 
                                force (other than the Coast Guard)''; 
                                and
                                    (III) in clause (ii), by striking 
                                ``the armed forces (other than the 
                                Coast Guard)'' and inserting ``such 
                                armed force''; and
                    (B) in paragraph (3), by striking ``single level''.
            (2) Payments of contributions.--Section 1466(a) of such 
        title is amended--
                    (A) in paragraph (1)--
                            (i) in the matter preceding subparagraph 
                        (A), by striking ``product'' and inserting 
                        ``aggregate of the products'';
                            (ii) in subparagraph (A), by striking 
                        ``level percentage of basic pay'' and inserting 
                        ``percentage of basic pay for each armed force 
                        (other than the Coast Guard)''; and
                            (iii) in subparagraph (B), by striking 
                        ``for active duty (other than for the Coast 
                        Guard) and for full-time National Guard duty'' 
                        and inserting ``for such armed force for active 
                        duty and for any full-time National Guard 
                        duty''; and
                    (B) in paragraph (2)--
                            (i) in the matter preceding subparagraph 
                        (A), by striking ``product'' and inserting 
                        ``aggregate of the products'';
                            (ii) in subparagraph (A), by striking 
                        ``level percentage of basic pay and of 
                        compensation (paid pursuant to section 206 of 
                        title 37)'' and inserting ``percentage of basic 
                        pay and of compensation (paid pursuant to 
                        section 206 of title 37) for each armed force 
                        (other than the Coast Guard)''; and
                            (iii) in subparagraph (B), by striking 
                        ``the armed forces (other than the Coast 
                        Guard)'' and inserting ``such armed force''.
    (c) Effective Date.--The amendments made by this section shall take 
effect on October 1, 2019, and shall apply with respect to 
determinations of contributions to the Department of Defense Military 
Retirement Fund, and payments into the Fund, beginning with fiscal year 
2021.

SEC. 632. MODIFICATION OF AUTHORITIES ON ELIGIBILITY FOR AND 
              REPLACEMENT OF GOLD STAR LAPEL BUTTONS.

    (a) Expansion of Authority To Determine Next of Kin for Issuance.--
Section 1126 of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a), by striking ``widows, parents, and'' 
        in the matter preceding paragraph (1);
            (2) in subsection (b), by striking ``the widow and to each 
        parent and'' and inserting ``each''; and
            (3) in subsection (d)--
                    (A) by striking paragraphs (1), (2), (3), and (4) 
                and inserting the following new paragraph (1):
            ``(1) The term `next of kin' means individuals standing in 
        such relationship to members of the armed forces described in 
        subsection (a) as the Secretaries concerned shall jointly 
        specify in regulations for purposes of this section.''; and
                    (B) by redesignating paragraphs (5), (6), (7), and 
                (8) as paragraphs (2), (3), (4), and (5), respectively.
    (b) Replacement.--Subsection (c) of such section is amended by 
striking ``and payment'' and all that follows and inserting ``and 
without cost.''.

   Subtitle E--Commissary and Non-Appropriated Fund Instrumentality 
                        Benefits and Operations

SEC. 641. DEFENSE RESALE SYSTEM MATTERS.

    (a) In General.--The Under Secretary of Defense for Personnel and 
Readiness shall, in coordination with the Chief Management Officer of 
the Department of Defense, maintain oversight of business 
transformation efforts of the defense commissary system and the 
exchange store system in order to ensure the following:
            (1) Development of an intercomponent business strategy that 
        maximizes efficiencies and results in a viable defense resale 
        system in the future.
            (2) Preservation of patron savings and satisfaction from 
        and in the defense commissary system and exchange stores 
        system.
            (3) Sustainment of financial support of the defense 
        commissary and exchange systems for morale, welfare, and 
        recreation (MWR) services of the Armed Forces.
    (b) Executive Resale Board Advice on Operations of Systems.--The 
Executive Resale Board of the Department of Defense shall advise the 
Under Secretary on the implementation of sustainable, complementary 
operations of the defense commissary system and the exchange stores 
system.
    (c) Practices and Services.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense shall, acting 
        through the Under Secretary and with advice from the Executive 
        Resale Board, require the Defense Commissary Agency and the 
        Military Exchange Service to identify and implement practices 
        and services described in paragraph (2) across the defense 
        resale system.
            (2) Practices and services.--Practices and services 
        described in this paragraph shall include the following:
                    (A) Best commercial business practices.
                    (B) Shared-services systems that increase 
                efficiencies across the defense resale system, 
                including in transportation of goods, application-based 
                marketing initiatives and other mobile electronic-
                commerce programs, facilities construction, back-office 
                information technology systems, human resource 
                management, legal services, financial services, and 
                advertising.
                    (C) Integration of services provided by the 
                exchange stores system within commissary system 
                facilities, as appropriate, including services such as 
                dry cleaning, health and wellness activities, 
                pharmacies, urgent care centers, food, and other retail 
                services.
    (d) Information Technology Modernization.--The Secretary shall, 
acting through the Under Secretary and with advice from the Executive 
Resale Board, require the Defense Commissary Agency and the Military 
Exchange Service to do as follows:
            (1) Field new technologies and best business practices for 
        information technology for the defense resale system.
            (2) Implement cutting-edge marketing opportunities across 
        the defense resale system.
    (e) Inclusion of Advertising in Operating Expenses of Commissary 
Stores.--Section 2483(b) of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
adding at the end the following paragraph:
            ``(7) Advertising of commissary sales on materials 
        available within commissary stores and at other on-base 
        locations.''.

SEC. 642. TREATMENT OF FEES ON SERVICES PROVIDED AS SUPPLEMENTAL FUNDS 
              FOR COMMISSARY OPERATIONS.

    Section 2483(c) of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
inserting ``fees on services provided,'' after ``handling fees for 
tobacco products,''.

SEC. 643. PROCUREMENT BY COMMISSARY STORES OF CERTAIN LOCALLY SOURCED 
              PRODUCTS.

    The Secretary of Defense shall ensure that the dairy products and 
fruits and vegetables procured for commissary stores under the defense 
commissary system are, to the extent practicable, locally sourced in 
order to ensure the availability of the freshest possible dairy 
products and fruits and vegetables for patrons of the stores.

                   TITLE VII--HEALTH CARE PROVISIONS

           Subtitle A--TRICARE and Other Health Care Benefits

SEC. 701. CONTRACEPTION COVERAGE PARITY UNDER THE TRICARE PROGRAM.

    (a) In General.--Section 1074d(b)(3) of title 10, United States 
Code, is amended by inserting before the period at the end the 
following: ``(including all methods of contraception approved by the 
Food and Drug Administration, contraceptive care (including with 
respect to insertion, removal, and follow up), sterilization 
procedures, and patient education and counseling in connection 
therewith)''.
    (b) Prohibition on Cost-sharing for Certain Services.--
            (1) TRICARE select.--Section 1075(c) of such title is 
        amended by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
            ``(4) For all beneficiaries under this section, there is no 
        cost-sharing for any method of contraception provided by a 
        network provider.''.
            (2) TRICARE prime.--Section 1075a(b) of such title is 
        amended by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
    ``(5) For all beneficiaries under this section, there is no cost-
sharing for any method of contraception provided under TRICARE 
Prime.''.
            (3) Pharmacy benefits program.--Section 1074g(a)(6) of such 
        title is amended by adding at the end the following new 
        subparagraph:
    ``(D) Notwithstanding subparagraphs (A), (B), and (C), there is no 
cost-sharing for any prescription contraceptive on the uniform 
formulary provided by a retail pharmacy described in subsection 
(a)(2)(E)(ii) or the national mail-order pharmacy program.''.
    (c) Effective Date.--The amendments made by this section shall take 
effect on January 1, 2020.

SEC. 702. TRICARE PAYMENT OPTIONS FOR RETIREES AND THEIR DEPENDENTS.

    (a) In General.--Section 1099 of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended--
            (1) by redesignating subsection (d) as subsection (e); and
            (2) by inserting after subsection (c) the following new 
        subsection (d):
    ``(d) Payment Options.--(1) A member or former member of the 
uniformed services, or a dependent thereof, eligible for medical care 
and dental care under section 1074(b) or 1076 of this title shall pay a 
premium for coverage under this chapter.
    ``(2) To the maximum extent practicable, a premium owed by a 
member, former member, or dependent under paragraph (1) shall be 
withheld from the retired, retainer, or equivalent pay of the member, 
former member, or dependent. In all other cases, a premium shall be 
paid in a frequency and method determined by the Secretary.''.
    (b) Conforming and Clerical Amendments.--
            (1) Conforming amendments.--Section 1097a of title 10, 
        United States Code, is amended--
                    (A) by striking subsection (c); and
                    (B) by redesignating subsections (d), (e), and (f) 
                as subsections (c), (d), and (e), respectively.
            (2) Heading amendments.--
                    (A) Automatic enrollments.--The heading for section 
                1097a of such title is amended to read as follows:
``Sec. 1097a. TRICARE Prime: automatic enrollments''.
                    (B) Enrollment system and payment options.--The 
                heading for section 1099 of such title is amended to 
                read as follows:
``Sec. 1099. Health care enrollment system and payment options''.
            (3) Clerical amendments.--The table of sections at the 
        beginning of chapter 55 of such title is amended--
                    (A) by striking the item relating to section 1097a 
                and inserting the following new item:

``1097a. TRICARE Prime: automatic enrollments.''; and
                    (B) by striking the item relating to section 1099 
                and inserting the following new item:

``1099. Health care enrollment system and payment options.''.
    (c) Effective Date.--The amendments made by this section shall 
apply to health care coverage beginning on or after January 1, 2021.

SEC. 703. LEAD LEVEL SCREENING AND TESTING FOR CHILDREN.

    (a) Comprehensive Screening, Testing, and Reporting Guidelines.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense shall establish 
        clinical practice guidelines for health care providers employed 
        by the Department of Defense on screening, testing and 
        reporting of blood lead levels in children.
            (2) Use of cdc recommendations.--Guidelines established 
        under paragraph (1) shall reflect recommendations made by the 
        Centers for Disease Control and Prevention with respect to the 
        screening, testing, and reporting of blood lead levels in 
        children.
            (3) Dissemination of guidelines.--Not later than one year 
        after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary 
        shall disseminate the clinical practice guidelines established 
        under paragraph (1) to health care providers of the Department 
        of Defense.
    (b) Care Provided in Accordance With CDC Guidance.--The Secretary 
shall ensure that any care provided by the Department of Defense to a 
child for lead poisoning shall be carried out in accordance with 
applicable guidance issued by the Centers for Disease Control and 
Prevention.
    (c) Sharing of Results of Testing.--
            (1) In general.--With respect to a child who receives from 
        the Department of Defense a test for lead poisoning--
                    (A) the Secretary shall provide the results of the 
                test to the parent or guardian of the child; and
                    (B) notwithstanding any requirements for the 
                confidentiality of health information under the Health 
                Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 
                (Public Law 104-191), the Secretary shall provide the 
                results of the test and the address at which the child 
                resides to--
                            (i) the relevant health department of the 
                        State in which the child resides if the child 
                        resides in the United States; or
                            (ii) if the child resides outside the 
                        United States--
                                    (I) the Centers for Disease Control 
                                and Prevention; and
                                    (II) the appropriate authority of 
                                the country in which the child resides.
            (2) State defined.--In this subsection, the term ``State'' 
        means each of the several States, the District of Columbia, the 
        Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, and any territory or possession of 
        the United States.
    (d) Report.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than January 1, 2021, the 
        Secretary of Defense shall submit to the congressional defense 
        committees a report detailing, with respect to the period 
        beginning on the date of the enactment of this Act and ending 
        on the date of the report, the following:
                    (A) The number of children who were tested by the 
                Department of Defense for the level of lead in the 
                blood of the child, and of such number, the number who 
                were found to have elevated blood lead levels.
                    (B) The number of children who were screened by the 
                Department of Defense for an elevated risk of lead 
                exposure.
                    (C) The treatment provided to children pursuant to 
                chapter 55 of title 10, United States Code, for lead 
                poisoning.
            (2) Elevated blood lead level defined.--In this paragraph, 
        the term ``elevated blood lead level'' has the meaning given 
        that term by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

SEC. 704. PROVISION OF BLOOD TESTING FOR FIREFIGHTERS OF DEPARTMENT OF 
              DEFENSE TO DETERMINE EXPOSURE TO PERFLUOROALKYL AND 
              POLYFLUOROALKYL SUBSTANCES.

    (a) In General.--Beginning on October 1, 2020, the Secretary of 
Defense shall provide blood testing to determine and document potential 
exposure to perfluoroalkyl and polyfluoroalkyl substances (commonly 
known as ``PFAS'') for each firefighter of the Department of Defense 
during the annual physical exam conducted by the Department for each 
such firefighter.
    (b) Firefighter Defined.--In this section, the term ``firefighter'' 
means someone whose primary job or military occupational specialty is 
being a firefighter.

                 Subtitle B--Health Care Administration

SEC. 711. MODIFICATION OF ORGANIZATION OF MILITARY HEALTH SYSTEM.

    (a) Administration of Military Medical Treatment Facilities.--
Subsection (a) of section 1073c of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended--
            (1) in paragraph (1)--
                    (A) by redesignating subparagraphs (A), (B), (C), 
                (D), (E), and (F) as subparagraphs (C), (D), (E), (G), 
                (H), and (I), respectively;
                    (B) by inserting before subparagraph (C), as 
                redesignated by subparagraph (A) of this paragraph, the 
                following new subparagraphs:
                    ``(A) provision and delivery of health care within 
                each such facility;
                    ``(B) management of privileging, scope of practice, 
                and quality of health care provided within each such 
                facility;''; and
                    (C) inserting the following new subparagraph:
                    ``(F) supply and equipment;'';
            (2) in paragraph (2)--
                    (A) by redesignating subparagraphs (D) through (G) 
                as subparagraphs (E) through (H), respectively;
                    (B) by inserting after subparagraph (C) the 
                following new subparagraph (D):
                    ``(D) to identify the capacity of each military 
                medical treatment facility to support clinical 
                readiness standards of health care providers 
                established by the Secretary of a military department 
                or the Assistant Secretary of Defense for Health 
                Affairs;'' and
                    (C) by amending subparagraph (F), as redesignated 
                by subparagraph (A) of this paragraph, to read as 
                follows:
                    ``(F) to determine, in coordination with each 
                Secretary of a military department, manning, including 
                joint manning, assigned to military medical treatment 
                facilities and intermediary organizations;'' and
            (3) in paragraph (3)--
                    (A) in subparagraph (A)--
                            (i) by inserting ``on behalf of the 
                        military departments,'' before ``ensuring''; 
                        and
                            (ii) by striking ``and civilian 
                        employees''; and
                    (B) in subparagraph (B), by inserting ``on behalf 
                of the Defense Health Agency,'' before ``furnishing''.
    (b) DHA Assistant Director.--Subsection (b)(2) of such section is 
amended by striking ``equivalent education and experience'' and all 
that follows and inserting ``the education and experience to perform 
the responsibilities of the position.''.
    (c) DHA Deputy Assistant Directors.--Subsection (c) of such section 
is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (2)(B), by striking ``across the military 
        health system'' and inserting ``at military medical treatment 
        facilities''; and
            (2) in paragraph (4)(B), by inserting ``at military medical 
        treatment facilities'' before the period at the end.
    (d) Military Medical Treatment Facility.--Subsection (f) of such 
section is amended by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
            ``(3) The term `military medical treatment facility' 
        means--
                    ``(A) any fixed facility of the Department of 
                Defense that is outside of a deployed environment and 
                used primarily for health care; and
                    ``(B) any other location used for purposes of 
                providing health care services as designated by the 
                Secretary of Defense.''.
    (e) Technical Amendments.--Subsection (a) of such section is 
amended--
            (1) in paragraph (1), by striking ``paragraph (4)'' and 
        inserting ``paragraph (5)'';
            (2) by redesignating paragraph (5) as paragraph (6);
            (3) by redesignating the first paragraph (4) as paragraph 
        (5); and
            (4) by moving the second paragraph (4) so as to appear 
        before paragraph (5), as redesignated by paragraph (3) of this 
        subsection.

SEC. 712. SUPPORT BY MILITARY HEALTH SYSTEM OF MEDICAL REQUIREMENTS OF 
              COMBATANT COMMANDS.

    (a) In General.--Section 712 of the John S. McCain National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2019 (Public Law 115-232) is 
amended--
            (1) in subsection (a), by amending paragraph (1) to read as 
        follows:
            ``(1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense shall, acting 
        through the Secretaries of the military departments, the 
        Defense Health Agency, and the Joint Staff, implement an 
        organizational framework of the military health system that 
        effectively implements chapter 55 of title 10, United States 
        Code, to maximize the readiness of the medical force, promote 
        interoperability, and integrate medical capabilities of the 
        Armed Forces in order to enhance joint military medical 
        operations in support of requirements of the combatant 
        commands.'';
            (2) in subsection (e), by redesignating paragraphs (2) and 
        (3) as paragraphs (3) and (4), respectively, and by moving such 
        paragraphs so as to appear at the end of subsection (d);
            (3) by striking subsection (e), as amended by paragraph (2) 
        of this subsection;
            (4) by redesignating subsections (b) through (d) as 
        subsections (c) through (e), respectively;
            (5) by inserting after subsection (a) the following new 
        subsection (b):
    ``(b) Additional Duties of Surgeons General of the Armed Forces.--
The Surgeons General of the Armed Forces shall have the following 
duties:
            ``(1) To ensure the readiness for operational deployment of 
        medical and dental personnel and deployable medical or dental 
        teams or units of the Armed Force or Armed Forces concerned.
            ``(2) To meet medical readiness standards, subject to 
        standards and metrics established by the Assistant Secretary of 
        Defense for Health Affairs.
            ``(3) With respect to uniformed medical and dental 
        personnel of the military department concerned--
                    ``(A) to assign such personnel to military medical 
                treatment facilities, under the operational control of 
                the commander or director of the facility, or to 
                partnerships with civilian or other medical facilities 
                for training activities specific to such military 
                department; and
                    ``(B) to maintain readiness of such personnel for 
                operational deployment.
            ``(4) To provide logistical support for operational 
        deployment of medical and dental personnel and deployable 
        medical or dental teams or units of the Armed Force or Armed 
        Forces concerned.
            ``(5) To oversee mobilization and demobilization in 
        connection with the operational deployment of medical and 
        dental personnel of the Armed Force or Armed Forces concerned.
            ``(6) To develop operational medical capabilities required 
        to support the warfighter, and to develop policy relating to 
        such capabilities.
            ``(7) To provide health professionals to serve in 
        leadership positions across the military healthcare system.
            ``(8) To deliver operational clinical services under the 
        operational control of the combatant commands--
                    ``(A) on ships and planes; and
                    ``(B) on installations outside of military medical 
                treatment facilities.
            ``(9) To manage privileging, scope of practice, and quality 
        of health care in the settings described in paragraph (8).'';
            (6) in subsection (c), as redesignated by paragraph (4) of 
        this subsection--
                    (A) in the subsection heading, by inserting 
                ``Agency'' before ``Regions''; and
                    (B) in paragraph (1)--
                            (i) in the paragraph heading, by inserting 
                        ``Agency'' before ``regions''; and
                            (ii) by striking ``defense health'' and 
                        inserting ``Defense Health Agency'';
            (7) in subsection (d), as redesignated by paragraph (4) of 
        this subsection--
                    (A) in the subsection heading, by inserting 
                ``Agency'' before ``Regions'';
                    (B) in the matter preceding paragraph (1), by 
                striking ``defense health'' and inserting ``Defense 
                Health Agency''; and
                    (C) in paragraph (3), by striking ``subsection 
                (b)'' and inserting ``subsection (c)''; and
            (8) in subsection (e), as redesignated by paragraph (4) of 
        this subsection--
                    (A) in paragraph (2)--
                            (i) by amending subparagraph (A) to read as 
                        follows:
                    ``(A) In general.--The Secretaries of the military 
                departments shall coordinate with the Chairman of the 
                Joint Chiefs of Staff and the Defense Health Agency to 
                direct resources allocated to the military departments 
                to support requirements related to readiness and 
                operational medicine support that are established by 
                the combatant commands and validated by the Joint 
                Staff.''; and
                            (ii) in subparagraph (B), in the matter 
                        preceding clause (i), by striking ``Based on'' 
                        and all that follows through ``shall--'' and 
                        inserting ``The Director of the Defense Health 
                        Agency, in coordination with the Assistant 
                        Secretary of Defense for Health Affairs, 
                        shall--'';
                    (B) in paragraph (3), as moved and redesignated by 
                paragraph (2) of this subsection, in the second 
                sentence--
                            (i) by inserting ``primarily'' before 
                        ``through''; and
                            (ii) by inserting``, in coordination with 
                        the Secretaries of the military departments,'' 
                        after ``the Defense Health Agency''; and
                    (C) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(5) Manpower.--
                    ``(A) Administrative control of military 
                personnel.--Each Secretary of a military department 
                shall exercise administrative control of members of the 
                Armed Forces assigned to military medical treatment 
                facilities, including personnel assignment and issuance 
                of military orders.
                    ``(B) Oversight of certain personnel by the 
                director of the defense health agency.--In situations 
                in which members of the Armed Forces provide health 
                care services at a military medical treatment facility, 
                the Director of the Defense Health Agency shall 
                maintain oversight for the provision of care delivered 
                by those individuals through policies, procedures, and 
                privileging responsibilities of the military medical 
                treatment facility.''.
    (b) Conforming Amendments.--
            (1) Heading amendment.--The heading for section 712 of the 
        John S. McCain National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
        Year 2019 (Public Law 115-232) is amended to read as follows:

``SEC. 712. SUPPORT BY MILITARY HEALTHCARE SYSTEM OF MEDICAL 
              REQUIREMENTS OF COMBATANT COMMANDS.''.

            (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of contents for such Act 
        is amended by striking the item relating to section 712 and 
        inserting the following new item:

``Sec. 712. Support by military healthcare system of medical 
                            requirements of combatant commands.''.

SEC. 713. TOURS OF DUTY OF COMMANDERS OR DIRECTORS OF MILITARY 
              TREATMENT FACILITIES.

    (a) In General.--Not later than January 1, 2021, the Secretary of 
Defense shall establish a minimum length for the tour of duty of an 
individual as a commander or director of a military treatment facility.
    (b) Tours of Duty.--
            (1) In general.--Except as provided in paragraph (2), the 
        length of the tour of duty as a commander or director of a 
        military treatment facility of any individual assigned to such 
        position after January 1, 2021, may not be shorter than the 
        longer of--
                    (A) the length established pursuant to subsection 
                (a); or
                    (B) four years.
            (2) Waiver.--
                    (A) In general.--The Secretary of the military 
                department concerned, in coordination with the Director 
                of the Defense Health Agency, may authorize a tour of 
                duty of an individual as a commander or director of a 
                military treatment facility of a shorter length than is 
                otherwise provided for in paragraph (1) if the 
                Secretary determines, in the discretion of the 
                Secretary, that there is good cause for a tour of duty 
                in such position of shorter length.
                    (B) Case-by-case basis.--Any determination under 
                subparagraph (A) shall be made on a case-by-case basis.

SEC. 714. EXPANSION OF STRATEGY TO IMPROVE ACQUISITION OF MANAGED CARE 
              SUPPORT CONTRACTS UNDER TRICARE PROGRAM.

    Section 705(c)(1) of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328; 10 U.S.C. 1073a note) is amended, 
in the matter preceding subparagraph (A), by striking ``, other than 
overseas medical support contracts''.

SEC. 715. ESTABLISHMENT OF REGIONAL MEDICAL HUBS TO SUPPORT COMBATANT 
              COMMANDS.

    (a) In General.--The Secretary of Defense shall establish not more 
than four regional medical hubs, consistent with the defense health 
regions established under section 712 of the John S. McCain National 
Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2019 (Public Law 115-232), to 
support operational medical requirements of the combatant commands.
    (b) Timing.--Establishment of regional medical hubs under 
subsection (a) shall commence not later than October 1, 2020, and shall 
be completed not later than October 1, 2022.
    (c) Leadership.--Each regional medical hub established under 
subsection (a) shall be led by a commander or director who is a member 
of the Armed Forces serving in a grade not higher than major general or 
rear admiral and who shall be--
            (1) selected by the Director of the Defense Health Agency 
        from among members of the Armed Forces recommended by the 
        military departments for service in such position; and
            (2) under the authority, direction, and control of the 
        Director while serving in such position.
    (d) Designation of Primary Center.--
            (1) In general.--Each regional medical hub established 
        under subsection (a) shall include a major military medical 
        center designated by the Secretary to serve as the primary 
        center for the provision of specialized medical services in 
        that region.
            (2) Capabilities.--A major military medical center may not 
        be designated under paragraph (1) unless the center--
                    (A) includes one or more large graduate medical 
                education training platforms; and
                    (B) provides, at a minimum, role 4 medical care.
            (3) Location.--
                    (A) In general.--Any major military medical center 
                designated under paragraph (1) shall be geographically 
                located so as to maximize the support provided by 
                uniformed medical resources to the combatant commands.
                    (B) Collocation with major aerial debarkation 
                points.--In designating major military medical centers 
                under paragraph (1), the Secretary shall give 
                consideration to the collocation of such centers with 
                major aerial debarkation points of patients in the 
                medical evacuation system of the United States 
                Transportation Command.
            (4) Major health care delivery platform.--A major military 
        medical center designated under paragraph (1) shall serve as 
        the major health care delivery platform for the provision of 
        complex specialized medical care in the region, whether through 
        patient referrals from other military medical treatment 
        facilities or through referrals from either civilian medical 
        facilities or healthcare facilities of the Department of 
        Veterans Affairs.
    (e) Additional Military Medical Centers.--Consistent with section 
1073d of title 10, United States Code, the Secretary, in establishing 
regional medical hubs under subsection (a), may establish additional 
military medical centers in the following locations:
            (1) Locations with large beneficiary populations.
            (2) Locations that serve as the primary readiness platforms 
        of the Armed Forces.
    (f) Patient Referrals and Coordination.--In implementing the 
regional medical hubs established under subsection (a), the Director of 
the Defense Health Agency shall ensure effective and efficient medical 
care referrals and coordination among military medical treatment 
facilities and among local or regional high-performing health systems 
through local or regional partnerships with institutional or individual 
civilian providers.

SEC. 716. MONITORING OF ADVERSE EVENT DATA ON DIETARY SUPPLEMENT USE BY 
              MEMBERS OF THE ARMED FORCES.

    (a) In General.--The Secretary of Defense shall modify the 
electronic health record system of the military health system to 
include data regarding the use by members of the Armed Forces of 
dietary supplements and adverse events with respect to dietary 
supplements.
    (b) Requirements.--The modifications required by subsection (a) 
shall ensure that the electronic health record system of the military 
health system--
            (1) records adverse event report data regarding dietary 
        supplement use by members of the Armed Forces;
            (2) generates standard reports on adverse event data that 
        can be aggregated for analysis;
            (3) issues automated alerts to signal a significant change 
        in adverse event reporting or to signal a risk of interaction 
        with a medication or other treatment; and
            (4) provides for reporting of adverse event report data 
        regarding dietary supplement use by members of the Armed Forces 
        to the Food and Drug Administration.
    (c) Outreach.--The Secretary shall conduct outreach to health care 
providers in the military health system to educate such providers on 
the importance of entering adverse event report data regarding dietary 
supplement use by members of the Armed Forces into the electronic 
health record system of the military health system and reporting such 
data to the Food and Drug Administration.
    (d) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) Adverse event.--The term ``adverse event'' has the 
        meaning given that term in section 761(a) of the Federal Food, 
        Drug, and Cosmetic Act (21 U.S.C. 379aa-1(a)).
            (2) Dietary supplement.--The term ``dietary supplement'' 
        has the meaning given that term in section 201(ff) of the 
        Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (21 U.S.C. 321(ff)).

SEC. 717. ENHANCEMENT OF RECORDKEEPING WITH RESPECT TO EXPOSURE BY 
              MEMBERS OF THE ARMED FORCES TO CERTAIN OCCUPATIONAL AND 
              ENVIRONMENTAL HAZARDS WHILE DEPLOYED OVERSEAS.

    (a) Inclusion in Medical Tracking System of Occupational and 
Environmental Health Risks in Deployment Area.--
            (1) Elements of medical tracking system.--Subsection 
        (b)(1)(A) of section 1074f of title 10, United States Code, is 
        amended--
                    (A) in clause (ii), by striking ``and'' at the end;
                    (B) in clause (iii), by striking the period at the 
                end and inserting ``; and''; and
                    (C) by adding at the end the following new clause:
                    ``(iv) accurately record any exposure to 
                occupational and environmental health risks during the 
                course of their deployment.''.
            (2) Recordkeeping.--Subsection (c) of such section is 
        amended by inserting after ``deployment area'' the following: 
        ``(including the results of any assessment performed by the 
        Secretary of occupational and environmental health risks for 
        such area)''.
    (b) Postdeployment Medical Examination and Reassessments.--Section 
1074f of title 10, United States Code, as amended by subsection (a), is 
further amended by adding at the end the following new subsection:
    ``(g) Additional Requirements for Postdeployment Medical 
Examinations and Health Reassessments.--(1) The Secretary of Defense 
shall standardize and make available to a provider that conducts a 
postdeployment medical examination or reassessment under the system 
described in subsection (a) questions relating to occupational and 
environmental health exposure.
    ``(2) The Secretary, to the extent practicable, shall ensure that 
the medical record of a member includes information on the external 
cause relating to a diagnosis of the member, including by associating 
an external cause code (as issued under the International Statistical 
Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems, 10th Revision 
(or any successor revision)).''.
    (c) Access to Information in Burn Pit Registry.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense shall ensure that 
        all medical personnel of the Department of Defense have access 
        to the information contained in the burn pit registry.
            (2) Burn pit registry defined.--In this subsection, the 
        term ``burn pit registry'' means the registry established under 
        section 201 of the Dignified Burial and Other Veterans' 
        Benefits Improvement Act of 2012 (Public Law 112-260; 38 U.S.C. 
        527 note).

                 Subtitle C--Reports and Other Matters

SEC. 721. EXTENSION AND CLARIFICATION OF AUTHORITY FOR JOINT DEPARTMENT 
              OF DEFENSE-DEPARTMENT OF VETERANS AFFAIRS MEDICAL 
              FACILITY DEMONSTRATION FUND.

    Title XVII of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 2010 (Public Law 111-84; 123 Stat. 2567) is amended--
            (1) in section 1701(a)--
                    (A) by striking ``Subject to subsection (b), the'' 
                and inserting ``The'';
                    (B) by striking subsection (b); and
                    (C) by redesignating subsections (c) through (f) as 
                subsections (b) through (e), respectively;
            (2) in section 1702(a)(1), by striking ``hereafter in this 
        title'' and inserting ``in this section'';
            (3) in section 1703, in subsections (a) and (c), by 
        striking ``the facility'' and inserting ``the James A. Lovell 
        Federal Health Care Center'';
            (4) in section 1704--
                    (A) in subsections (a)(3), (a)(4)(A), and (b)(1), 
                by striking ``the facility'' and inserting ``the James 
                A. Lovell Federal Health Care Center''; and
                    (B) in subsection (e), as most recently amended by 
                section 731 of the John S. McCain National Defense 
                Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2019 (Public Law 115-
                232), by striking ``September 30, 2020'' and inserting 
                ``September 30, 2021'';
            (5) in section 1705--
                    (A) in subsection (a), by striking ``the facility'' 
                and inserting ``the James A. Lovell Federal Health Care 
                Center (in this section referred to as the 
                `JALFHCC')'';
                    (B) in subsection (b), in the matter preceding 
                paragraph (1), by striking ``the facility'' and 
                inserting ``the JALFHCC''; and
                    (C) in subsection (c)--
                            (i) by striking ``the facility'' each place 
                        it appears and inserting ``the JALFHCC''; and
                            (ii) by adding at the end the following new 
                        paragraph:
            ``(4) To permit the JALFHCC to enter into personal services 
        contracts to carry out health care responsibilities in the 
        JALFHCC to the same extent and subject to the same conditions 
        and limitations as apply under section 1091 of title 10, United 
        States Code, to the Secretary of Defense with respect to health 
        care responsibilities in medical treatment facilities of the 
        Department of Defense.''.

SEC. 722. APPOINTMENT OF NON-EX OFFICIO MEMBERS OF THE HENRY M. JACKSON 
              FOUNDATION FOR THE ADVANCEMENT OF MILITARY MEDICINE.

    (a) Appointment by Non-ex Officio Members.--Subparagraph (C) of 
paragraph (1) of section 178(c) of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended to read as follows:
            ``(C) six members, each of whom shall be appointed at the 
        expiration of the term of a member appointed under this 
        subparagraph, as provided for in paragraph (2), by the members 
        currently serving on the Council pursuant to this subparagraph 
        and paragraph (2), including the member whose expiring term is 
        so being filled by such appointment.''.
    (b) Repeal of Obsolete Authority Establishing Staggered Terms.--
Paragraph (2) of such section is amended--
            (1) by striking ``except that--'' and all that follows 
        through ``any person'' and inserting ``except that any 
        person'';
            (2) by striking ``; and'' and inserting a period; and
            (3) by striking subparagraph (B).
    (c) Effective Date.--
            (1) In general.--The amendments made by this section shall 
        take effect on the date of the enactment of this Act.
            (2) Construction for current members.--Nothing in the 
        amendments made by this section shall be construed to terminate 
        or otherwise alter the appointment or term of service of 
        members of the Henry M. Jackson Foundation for the Advancement 
        of Military Medicine who are so serving on the date of the 
        enactment of this Act pursuant to an appointment under 
        paragraph (1)(C) or (2) of section 178(c) of title 10, United 
        States Code, made before that date.

SEC. 723. OFFICERS AUTHORIZED TO COMMAND ARMY DENTAL UNITS.

    Section 7081(d) of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
striking ``Dental Corps Officer'' and inserting ``Army Medical 
Department Officer''.

SEC. 724. ESTABLISHMENT OF ACADEMIC HEALTH SYSTEM IN NATIONAL CAPITAL 
              REGION.

    (a) In General.--Chapter 104 of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended by inserting after section 2113a the following new section:
``Sec. 2113b. Academic Health System
    ``(a) In General.--The Secretary of Defense may establish an 
Academic Health System to integrate the health care, health professions 
education, and health research activities of the military health 
system, including under this chapter, in the National Capital Region.
    ``(b) Leadership.--(1) The Secretary may appoint employees of the 
Department of Defense to leadership positions in the Academic Health 
System established under subsection (a).
    ``(2) Such positions may include responsibilities for management of 
the health care, health professions education, and health research 
activities described in subsection (a) and are in addition to similar 
leadership positions for members of the armed forces.
    ``(c) Administration.--The Secretary may use such authorities under 
this chapter relating to the health care, health professions education, 
and health research activities of the military health system as the 
Secretary considers appropriate for the administration of the Academic 
Health System established under subsection (a).
    ``(d) National Capital Region Defined.--In this section, the term 
`National Capital Region' means the area, or portion thereof, as 
determined by the Secretary, in the vicinity of the District of 
Columbia.''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning of 
chapter 104 of such title is amended by inserting after the item 
relating to section 2113a the following new item:

``2113b. Academic Health System.''.

SEC. 725. PROVISION OF VETERINARY SERVICES BY VETERINARY PROFESSIONALS 
              OF THE DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE IN EMERGENCIES.

    (a) In General.--Chapter 53 of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended by adding at the end the following new section:
``Sec. 1060c. Provision of veterinary services in emergencies
    ``(a) In General.--A veterinary professional described in 
subsection (b) may provide veterinary services for the purposes 
described in subsection (c) in any State, the District of Columbia, or 
a territory or possession of the United States, without regard to where 
such veterinary professional or the patient animal are located, if the 
provision of such services is within the scope of the authorized duties 
of such veterinary professional for the Department of Defense.
    ``(b) Veterinary Professional Described.--A veterinary professional 
described in this subsection is an individual who is--
            ``(1)(A) a member of the armed forces, a civilian employee 
        of the Department of Defense, or otherwise credentialed and 
        privileged at a Federal veterinary institution or location 
        designated by the Secretary of Defense for purposes of this 
        section; or
            ``(B) a member of the National Guard performing training or 
        duty under section 502(f) of title 32;
            ``(2) certified as a veterinary professional by a 
        certification recognized by the Secretary of Defense; and
            ``(3) currently licensed by a State, the District of 
        Columbia, or a territory or possession of the United States to 
        provide veterinary services.
    ``(c) Purposes Described.--The purposes described in this 
subsection are veterinary services in response to any of the following:
            ``(1) A national emergency declared by the President 
        pursuant to the National Emergencies Act (50 U.S.C. 1601 et 
        seq.).
            ``(2) A major disaster or an emergency (as those terms are 
        defined in section 102 of the Robert T. Stafford Disaster 
        Relief and Emergency Assistance Act (42 U.S.C. 5122)).
            ``(3) A public health emergency declared by the Secretary 
        of Health and Human Services under section 319 of the Public 
        Health Service Act (42 U.S.C. 247d).
            ``(4) An extraordinary emergency, as determined by the 
        Secretary of Agriculture under section 10407(b) of the Animal 
        Health Protection Act (7 U.S.C. 8306(b)).''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning of 
chapter 53 of such title is amended by inserting after the item 
relating to section 1060b the following new item:

``1060c. Provision of veterinary services in emergencies.''.

SEC. 726. FIVE-YEAR EXTENSION OF AUTHORITY TO CONTINUE THE DOD-VA 
              HEALTH CARE SHARING INCENTIVE FUND.

    Section 8111(d)(3) of title 38, United States Code, is amended by 
striking ``September 30, 2020'' and inserting, ``September 30, 2025''.

SEC. 727. PILOT PROGRAM ON CIVILIAN AND MILITARY PARTNERSHIPS TO 
              ENHANCE INTEROPERABILITY AND MEDICAL SURGE CAPABILITY AND 
              CAPACITY OF NATIONAL DISASTER MEDICAL SYSTEM.

    (a) In General.--The Secretary of Defense may carry out a pilot 
program to establish partnerships with public, private, and nonprofit 
health care organizations, institutions, and entities in collaboration 
with the Secretary of Veterans Affairs, the Secretary of Health and 
Human Services, the Secretary of Homeland Security, and the Secretary 
of Transportation to enhance the interoperability and medical surge 
capability and capacity of the National Disaster Medical System under 
section 2812 of the Public Health Service Act (42 U.S.C. 300hh-11) in 
the vicinity of major aeromedical transport hubs of the Department of 
Defense.
    (b) Duration.--The Secretary of Defense may carry out the pilot 
program under subsection (a) for a period of not more than five years.
    (c) Locations.--The Secretary shall carry out the pilot program 
under subsection (a) at not fewer than five aeromedical transport hub 
regions in the United States.
    (d) Requirements.--In establishing partnerships under the pilot 
program under subsection (a), the Secretary, in collaboration with the 
Secretary of Veterans Affairs, the Secretary of Health and Human 
Services, the Secretary of Homeland Security, and the Secretary of 
Transportation, shall establish requirements under such partnerships 
for staffing, specialized training, medical logistics, telemedicine, 
patient regulating, movement, situational status reporting, tracking, 
and surveillance.
    (e) Evaluation Metrics.--The Secretary of Defense shall establish 
metrics to evaluate the effectiveness of the pilot program under 
subsection (a).
    (f) Reports.--
            (1) Initial report.--
                    (A) In general.--Not later than 180 days after the 
                commencement of the pilot program under subsection (a), 
                the Secretary shall submit to the Committees on Armed 
                Services of the Senate and the House of Representatives 
                a report on the pilot program.
                    (B) Elements.--The report required by subparagraph 
                (A) shall include the following:
                            (i) A description of the pilot program.
                            (ii) The requirements established under 
                        subsection (d).
                            (iii) The evaluation metrics established 
                        under subsection (e).
                            (iv) Such other matters relating to the 
                        pilot program as the Secretary considers 
                        appropriate.
            (2) Final report.--
                    (A) In general.--Not later than 180 days after 
                completion of the pilot program under subsection (a), 
                the Secretary shall submit to the Committees on Armed 
                Services of the Senate and the House of Representatives 
                a report on the pilot program.
                    (B) Elements.--The report required by subparagraph 
                (A) shall include the following:
                            (i) A description of the pilot program, 
                        including the partnerships established under 
                        the pilot program as described in subsection 
                        (a).
                            (ii) An assessment of the effectiveness of 
                        the pilot program.
                            (iii) Such recommendations for legislative 
                        or administrative action as the Secretary 
                        considers appropriate in light of the pilot 
                        program, including recommendations for 
                        extending or making permanent the authority for 
                        the pilot program.

SEC. 728. MODIFICATION OF REQUIREMENTS FOR LONGITUDINAL MEDICAL STUDY 
              ON BLAST PRESSURE EXPOSURE OF MEMBERS OF THE ARMED 
              FORCES.

    Section 734 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 2018 (Public Law 115-91; 131 Stat. 1444) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (b)--
                    (A) in paragraph (2), by striking ``; and'' and 
                inserting a semicolon;
                    (B) in paragraph (3), by striking the period at the 
                end and inserting ``; and''; and
                    (C) by adding at the end the following new 
                paragraph:
            ``(4) assess the feasibility and advisability of--
                    ``(A) uploading the data gathered from the study 
                into the Defense Occupational and Environmental Health 
                Readiness System - Industrial Hygiene (DOEHRS-IH) or 
                similar system; and
                    ``(B) allowing personnel of the Department of 
                Defense and the Department of Veterans Affairs to have 
                access to such system.''; and
            (2) in subsection (c)--
                    (A) by redesignating paragraph (2) as paragraph 
                (3); and
                    (B) by inserting after paragraph (1) the following 
                new paragraph (2):
            ``(2) Annual status report.--Not later than January 1 of 
        each year during the period beginning on the date of the 
        enactment of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
        Year 2020 and ending on the completion of the study under 
        subsection (a), the Secretary shall submit to the Committees on 
        Armed Services of the Senate and the House of Representatives a 
        status report on the study.''.

  TITLE VIII--ACQUISITION POLICY, ACQUISITION MANAGEMENT, AND RELATED 
                                MATTERS

           Subtitle A--Contracting and Acquisition Provisions

SEC. 801. PILOT PROGRAM ON INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY EVALUATION FOR 
              ACQUISITION PROGRAMS.

    (a) Pilot Program.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
enactment of this act, the Secretary of Defense and the Secretaries of 
the military departments may jointly carry out a pilot program to 
assess mechanisms to evaluate intellectual property, such as technical 
data deliverables and associated license rights, including commercially 
available intellectual property valuation analysis and techniques, in 
acquisition programs for which they are responsible to better 
understand the benefits associated with these techniques on--
            (1) the development of cost-effective intellectual property 
        strategies, and
            (2) assessment and management of the value and costs of 
        intellectual property during acquisition and sustainment 
        activities (including source selection evaluation factors) 
        throughout the acquisition lifecycle for any acquisition 
        program selected by the Secretary concerned.
    (b) Activities.--Activities carried out under the pilot program may 
include the following:
            (1) Establishing a team of Department of Defense and 
        private sector subject matter experts to identify, to the 
        maximum extent practicable at each milestone for a selected 
        acquisition programs, intellectual property evaluation 
        techniques to obtain quantitative and qualitative analysis 
        related to the value of intellectual property during the 
        procurement, production and deployment, and operations and 
        support phases of the acquisition of the systems under the 
        program.
            (2) Assessment of commercial valuation techniques for 
        intellectual property for use by the Department of Defense.
            (3) Assessment of the feasibility of agency-level oversight 
        to standardize intellectual property evaluation practices and 
        procedures.
            (4) Assessment of contracting mechanisms to speed delivery 
        of intellectual property to the Armed Forces or reduce 
        sustainment costs.
            (5) Assessment of agency acquisition planning to ensure 
        procurement of intellectual property deliverables and 
        intellectual property rights necessary for Government-planned 
        sustainment activities.
            (6) Engagement with the commercial industry to--
                    (A) support the development of strategies and 
                program requirements to aid in acquisition and 
                transition planning for intellectual property;
                    (B) support the development and improvement of 
                intellectual property strategies as part of life-cycle 
                sustainment plans; and
                    (C) propose and implement alternative and 
                innovative methods of intellectual property valuation, 
                prioritization, and evaluation techniques for 
                intellectual property.
            (7) Recommending to the cognizant program manager for an 
        acquisition program evaluation techniques and contracting 
        mechanisms for implementation into the acquisition and 
        sustainment activities of that acquisition program.
    (c) Acquisition of Commercial and Nondevelopmental Items, Products, 
and Services.--The pilot program shall provide criteria to ensure the 
appropriate consideration of commercial items and non-developmental 
items as alternatives to items to be specifically developed for the 
acquisition program, including evaluation of the benefits of reduced 
risk regarding cost, schedule, and performance associated with 
commercial and non-developmental items, products, and services.
    (d) Assessments.--Not later than November 1, 2020, and annually 
thereafter through 2023, the Secretary of Defense, in coordination with 
the Secretaries concerned, shall submit to the congressional defense 
committees a joint report on the pilot program conducted under this 
section. The report shall, at a minimum, include--
            (1) a description of the acquisition programs selected by 
        the Secretary concerned;
            (2) a description of the specific activities in paragraph 
        (b) that were performed under each program;
            (3) an assessment of the effectiveness of the activities;
            (4) an assessment of improvements to acquisition or 
        sustainment activities related to the pilot program; and
            (5) an assessment of cost-savings from the activities 
        related to the pilot program, including any improvement to 
        mission success during the operations and support phase of the 
        program.

SEC. 802. PILOT PROGRAM TO USE ALPHA CONTRACTING TEAMS FOR COMPLEX 
              REQUIREMENTS.

    (a) In General.--(1) The Secretary of Defense shall select at least 
2, and up to 5, initiatives to participate in a pilot to use teams 
that, with the advice of expert third parties, focus on the development 
of complex contract technical requirements for services, with each team 
focusing on developing achievable technical requirements that are 
appropriately valued and identifying the most effective acquisition 
strategy to achieve those requirements.
    (2) The Secretary shall develop metrics for tracking progress of 
the program at improving quality and acquisition cycle time.
    (b) Development of Criteria and Initiatives.--(1) Not later than 
February 1, 2020, the Secretary of Defense shall establish the pilot 
program and notify the congressional defense committees of the criteria 
used to select initiatives and the metrics used to track progress.
    (2) Not later than May 1, 2020, the Secretary shall notify the 
congressional defense committees of the initiatives selected for the 
program.
    (3) Not later than December 1, 2020, the Secretary shall brief the 
congressional defense committees on the progress of the selected 
initiatives, including the progress of the initiatives at improving 
quality and acquisition cycle time according to the metrics developed 
under subsection (a)(2).

SEC. 803. MODIFICATION OF WRITTEN APPROVAL REQUIREMENT FOR TASK AND 
              DELIVERY ORDER SINGLE CONTRACT AWARDS.

    Section 2304a(d)(3) of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in subparagraph (B), by redesignating clauses (i) and 
        (ii) as subclauses (I) and (II), respectively;
            (2) by redesignating subparagraphs (A), (B), (C), and (D) 
        as clauses (i), (ii), (iii), and (iv), respectively;
            (3) by striking ``No task or delivery order contract'' and 
        inserting ``(A) Except as provided under subparagraph (B), no 
        task or delivery order contract''; and
            (4) by adding at the end the following new subparagraph:
    ``(B) A task or delivery order contract in an amount estimated to 
exceed $100,000,000 (including all options) may be awarded to a single 
source without the written determination otherwise required under 
subparagraph (A) if the head of the agency has made a written 
determination pursuant to section 2304(c) of this title that other than 
competitive procedures may be used for the awarding of such 
contract.''.

SEC. 804. EXTENSION OF AUTHORITY TO ACQUIRE PRODUCTS AND SERVICES 
              PRODUCED IN COUNTRIES ALONG A MAJOR ROUTE OF SUPPLY TO 
              AFGHANISTAN.

    Section 801(f) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 2010 (Public Law 111-84; 123 Stat. 2399), as most recently amended 
by section 1214 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 2018 (Public Law 115-91; 131 Stat. 1649), is further amended by 
striking ``December 31, 2019'' and inserting ``December 31, 2021''.

SEC. 805. MODIFICATION OF DIRECTOR OF OPERATIONAL TEST AND EVALUATION 
              REPORT.

    Section 139(h)(5) of title 10, United States Code, is amended to 
read as follows:
    ``(5) The Director shall solicit comments from the Secretaries of 
the military departments on each report of the Director to Congress 
under this section and summarize the comments in the report. The 
Director shall determine the amount of time available for the 
Secretaries to comment on the draft report on a case by case basis, and 
consider the extent to which substantive discussions have already been 
held between the Director and the military department. The Director 
shall reserve the right to issue the report without comment from a 
military department if the department's comments are not received 
within the time provided, and shall indicate any such omission in the 
report.''.

SEC. 806. DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE USE OF FIXED-PRICE CONTRACTS.

    (a) Department of Defense Review.--
            (1) In general.--The Under Secretary of Defense for 
        Acquisition and Sustainment shall review how the Department of 
        Defense informs decisions to use fixed-price contracts to 
        support broader acquisition objectives, to ensure that such 
        decisions are made strategically and consistently. The review 
        should include decisions on the use of the various types of 
        fixed price contracts, including fixed-price incentive 
        contracts.
            (2) Briefing.--Not later than February 1, 2020, the Under 
        Secretary shall brief the congressional defense committees on 
        the findings of the review required under paragraph (1).
    (b) Comptroller General Report.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than February 1, 2021, the 
        Comptroller General of the United States shall submit to the 
        congressional defense committees a report on the Department of 
        Defense's use of fixed-price contracts, including different 
        types of fixed-price contracts.
            (2) Elements.--The report required under paragraph (1) 
        shall include the following elements:
                    (A) A description of the extent to which fixed-
                price contracts have been used over time and the 
                conditions in which they are used.
                    (B) An assessment of the effects of the decisions 
                to use of fixed-price contract types, such as any 
                additional costs or savings or efficiencies in contract 
                administration.
                    (C) An assessment of how decisions to use various 
                types of fixed-price contracts affects the contract 
                closeout process.
    (c) Delayed Implementation of Regulations Requiring the Use of 
Fixed-price Contracts for Foreign Military Sales.--The regulations 
prescribed pursuant to section 830(a) of the National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328; 22 U.S.C. 
2762 note) shall not take effect until December 31, 2020. The 
regulations as so prescribed shall take into account the findings of 
the review conducted under subsection (a)(1).

SEC. 807. PILOT PROGRAM TO ACCELERATE CONTRACTING AND PRICING 
              PROCESSES.

    Section 890 of the John S. McCain National Defense Authorization 
Act for Fiscal Year 2019 (Public Law 115-232) is amended--
            (1) by striking subsection (b);
            (2) by redesignating subsections (c) and (d) as subsections 
        (b) and (c), respectively;
            (3) in subsection (b), as redesignated by paragraph (2), by 
        striking ``and an assessment of whether the program should be 
        continued or expanded''; and
            (4) in subsection (c), as so redesignated, by striking 
        ``January 2, 2021'' and inserting ``January 2, 2023''.

SEC. 808. PILOT PROGRAM TO STREAMLINE DECISION-MAKING PROCESSES FOR 
              WEAPON SYSTEMS.

    (a) Candidate Acquisition Programs.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than February 1, 2020, each 
        Service Acquisition Executive shall recommend to the Secretary 
        of Defense at least one major defense acquisition program for a 
        pilot program to include tailored measures to streamline the 
        entire milestone decision process, with the results evaluated 
        and reported for potential wider use.
            (2) Elements.--Each pilot program selected pursuant to 
        paragraph (1) shall include the following elements:
                    (A) Delineating the appropriate information needed 
                to support milestone decisions, assuring program 
                accountability and oversight, which should be based on 
                the business case principles needed for well-informed 
                milestone decisions, including user-defined 
                requirements, reasonable acquisition and life-cycle 
                cost estimates, and a knowledge-based acquisition plan 
                for maturing technologies, stabilizing the program 
                design, and ensuring key manufacturing processes are in 
                control.
                    (B) Developing an efficient process for providing 
                this information to the milestone decision authority 
                by--
                            (i) minimizing any reviews between the 
                        program office and the different functional 
                        staff offices within each chain of command 
                        level; and
                            (ii) establishing frequent, regular 
                        interaction between the program office and 
                        milestone decision makers, in lieu of 
                        documentation reviews, to help expedite the 
                        process.
    (b) Briefing.--Not later than May 1, 2020, the Under Secretary of 
Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment shall provide to the 
congressional defense committees an informal briefing detailing--
            (1) the acquisition programs selected pursuant to 
        subsection (a);
            (2) the associated action plans, including timelines, for 
        each program; and
            (3) the manner in which each program conforms to the 
        requirements set forth in subsection (a)(2).

SEC. 809. DOCUMENTATION OF MARKET RESEARCH RELATED TO COMMERCIAL ITEM 
              DETERMINATIONS.

    (a) In General.--Section 2377(c) of title 10, United States Code, 
is amended--
            (1) by redesignating paragraph (4) as paragraph (5); and
            (2) by inserting after paragraph (3) the following new 
        paragraph:
            ``(4) The head of an agency shall document the results of 
        market research in a manner appropriate to the size and 
        complexity of the acquisition.''.
    (b) Conforming Amendment Related to Prospective Amendment.--Section 
836(d)(3)(C)(ii) of the John S. McCain National Defense Authorization 
Act for Fiscal Year 2019 (Public Law 115-232) is amended by striking 
``in paragraph (4)'' and inserting ``in paragraph (5)''.

SEC. 810. MODIFICATION TO SMALL PURCHASE THRESHOLD EXCEPTION TO 
              SOURCING REQUIREMENTS FOR CERTAIN ARTICLES.

    Subsection (h) of section 2533a of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended to read as follows:
    ``(h) Exception for Small Purchases.--Subsection (a) does not apply 
to purchases for amounts not greater than $150,000. A proposed purchase 
or contract for an amount greater than $150,000 may not be divided into 
several purchases or contracts for lesser amounts in order to qualify 
for this exception. On October 1 of each year evenly divisible by 5, 
the Secretary of Defense may adjust the dollar threshold in this 
subsection based on changes in the Consumer Price Index. The Secretary 
shall publish notice of any such adjustment in the Federal Register, 
and the new price threshold shall take effect on the date of 
publication.''.

 Subtitle B--Provisions Relating to Major Defense Acquisition Programs

SEC. 821. NAVAL VESSEL CERTIFICATION REQUIRED BEFORE MILESTONE B 
              APPROVAL.

    Section 2366b(a) of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (3)(O), by striking ``; and'' and 
        inserting a semicolon;
            (2) in paragraph (4), by striking the period at the end and 
        inserting ``; and''; and
            (3) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
            ``(5) in the case of a naval vessel program, certifies 
        compliance with the requirements of section 8669b of this 
        title.''.

                  Subtitle C--Industrial Base Matters

SEC. 831. MODERNIZATION OF ACQUISITION PROCESSES TO ENSURE INTEGRITY OF 
              INDUSTRIAL BASE.

    (a) Digitization and Modernization.--The Secretary of Defense shall 
streamline and digitize the existing Department of Defense approach for 
identifying and mitigating risks to the defense industrial base across 
the acquisition process, creating a continuous model that uses digital 
tools, technologies, and approaches designed to ensure the 
accessibility of data to key decision-makers in the Department.
    (b) Analytical Framework.--
            (1) In general.--The Under Secretary of Defense for 
        Acquisition and Sustainment, in coordination with the Defense 
        Security Service (or successor entity) and other organizations 
        as appropriate, shall develop an analytical framework for risk 
        mitigation across the acquisition process.
            (2) Elements.--The analytical framework required under 
        paragraph (1) shall include the following elements:
                    (A) Characterization and monitoring of supply chain 
                risks, including--
                            (i) material sources and fragility;
                            (ii) counterfeit parts;
                            (iii) cybersecurity of contractors;
                            (iv) vendor vetting in contingency or 
                        operational environments; and
                            (v) other risk areas as determined 
                        appropriate.
                    (B) Characterization and monitoring of risks posed 
                by contractor behavior that constitute violations of 
                laws or regulations, including those relating to--
                            (i) fraud;
                            (ii) ownership structures;
                            (iii) trafficking in persons;
                            (iv) workers' health and safety;
                            (v) affiliation with the enemy; and
                            (vi) other risk areas as deemed 
                        appropriate.
                    (C) Characterization of the Department's 
                acquisition processes and procedures, including--
                            (i) market research;
                            (ii) responsibility determinations, 
                        including consideration of the need for special 
                        standards of responsibility to address the 
                        risks described in subparagraphs (A) and (B);
                            (iii) facilities clearances;
                            (iv) contract requirements definition and 
                        technical evaluation;
                            (v) contract awards and contractor 
                        mobilization;
                            (vi) contractor mobilization to include 
                        hiring, training, and establishing facilities;
                            (vii) contract administration, contract 
                        management, and oversight;
                            (viii) contract audit for closeout;
                            (ix) contractor business system reviews; 
                        and
                            (x) other relevant processes and 
                        procedures.
                    (D) Characterization and monitoring of the health 
                and activities of the defense industrial base, 
                including those relating to--
                            (i) balance sheets, revenues, 
                        profitability, and debt;
                            (ii) investment, innovation, and 
                        technological and manufacturing sophistication;
                            (iii) finances, access to capital markets, 
                        and cost of raising capital within those 
                        markets;
                            (iv) corporate governance, leadership, and 
                        culture of performance; and
                            (v) history of performance on past 
                        Department of Defense and government contracts.
    (c) Roles and Responsibilities.--The Secretary of Defense shall 
designate the roles and responsibilities of organizations and 
individuals to execute activities under this section, including--
            (1) the Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and 
        Sustainment, including the Office of Defense Pricing and 
        Contracting and the Office of Industrial Policy;
            (2) Service Acquisition Executives;
            (3) program offices and procuring contracting officers;
            (4) administrative contracting officers within the Defense 
        Contract Management Agency and the Supervisor of Shipbuilding;
            (5) the Defense Security Service and the Defense 
        Counterintelligence Security Agency;
            (6) the Defense Contract Audit Agency;
            (7) departments, agencies, or activities which own or 
        operate systems containing data relevant to Department of 
        Defense contractors;
            (8) the Under Secretary for Research and Engineering; and
            (9) other relevant organizations and individuals.
    (d) Enabling Data, Tools, and Systems.--
            (1) Assessment of existing data sources, systems, and 
        tools.--
                    (A) In general.--The Under Secretary of Defense for 
                Acquisition and Sustainment, in consultation with the 
                Chief Data Officer of the Department of Defense, and 
                the Defense Security Service (or successor entity), 
                shall assess the extent to which existing systems of 
                record relevant to risk assessments and contracting are 
                producing, exposing, and timely maintaining valid and 
                reliable data for the purposes of the Department's 
                continuous assessment and mitigation of risks in the 
                defense industrial base.
                    (B) Elements.--The assessment required under 
                subparagraph (A) shall include the following elements:
                            (i) Identification of the necessary source 
                        data, to include data from contractors, 
                        intelligence and security activities, program 
                        offices, and commercial research entities.
                            (ii) A description of the modern data 
                        infrastructure, tools, and applications and 
                        what changes would improve the effectiveness 
                        and efficiency of mitigating the risks 
                        described in subsection (b)(2).
                            (iii) An assessment of the following 
                        systems owned or operated outside of the 
                        Department of Defense:
                                    (I) The Federal Awardee Performance 
                                and Integrity Information System 
                                (FAPIIS).
                                    (II) The System for Award 
                                Management (SAM).
                                    (III) The Federal Procurement Data 
                                System-Next Generation (FPDS-NG).
                            (iv) An assessment of systems owned or 
                        operated by the Department of Defense, 
                        including the Defense Security Service (or 
                        successor entity) and other defense agencies 
                        and field activities used to capture and 
                        analyze the performance of vendors and 
                        contractors.
            (2) Modernization of data collection, exposure, and 
        analysis methods.--Based on the findings pursuant to paragraph 
        (1), the Secretary of Defense shall develop a unified set of 
        activities to modernize the systems of record, data sources and 
        collection methods, and data exposure mechanisms. The unified 
        set of activities should feature--
                    (A) the ability to continuously collect data on, 
                assess, and mitigate risks;
                    (B) data analytics and business intelligence tools 
                and methods; and
                    (C) continuous development and continuous delivery 
                of secure software to implement the activities.
    (e) Reports.--
            (1) Initial report.--Not later than November 15, 2019, the 
        Secretary of Defense shall submit to the congressional defense 
        committees a report on actions taken pursuant to this section, 
        including recommendations for any further authorities or 
        legislation.
            (2) Second report.--Not later than April 15, 2020, the 
        Secretary of Defense shall submit to the congressional defense 
        committees a report on actions taken pursuant to this section, 
        including recommendations for any further legislation.
    (f) Comptroller General Reviews.--
            (1) Briefing.--Not later than February 15, 2020, the 
        Comptroller General of the United States shall brief the 
        congressional defense committees on Department of Defense 
        efforts over the previous 5 years to continuously assess and 
        mitigate risks to the defense industrial base across the 
        acquisition process, and a summary of current and planned 
        efforts.
            (2) Annual assessments.--Not later than June 15, 2020, and 
        annually thereafter, the Comptroller General of the United 
        States shall submit to the congressional defense committees an 
        assessment of Department of Defense progress in implementing 
        the framework required under subsection (b).

SEC. 832. ASSESSMENT OF PRECISION-GUIDED MISSILES FOR RELIANCE ON 
              FOREIGN-MADE MICROELECTRONIC COMPONENTS.

    (a) In General.--Not later than August 31, 2020, the Secretary of 
the Air Force shall brief the congressional defense committees on the 
findings of an assessment of the Air Force's precision-guided missiles 
for reliance on foreign-made microelectronic components.
    (b) Elements.--The assessment required under subsection (a) shall--
            (1) consider certain risks such as--
                    (A) where microelectronic components for all of the 
                Air Force's precision-guided missiles currently in 
                production were made;
                    (B) the contract tier level of the microelectronic 
                components supplier; and
                    (C) which of the microelectronic components are 
                cyber security concerns; and
            (2) identify mitigation strategies.

SEC. 833. MITIGATING RISKS RELATED TO FOREIGN OWNERSHIP, CONTROL, OR 
              INFLUENCE OF DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE CONTRACTORS OR 
              SUBCONTRACTORS.

    (a) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) Beneficial owner; beneficial ownership.--The terms 
        ``beneficial owner'' and ``beneficial ownership'' shall be 
        determined in the manner set forth in section 240.13d-3 of 
        title 17, Code of Federal Regulations.
            (2) Company.--The term ``company'' means any corporation, 
        company, limited liability company, limited partnership, 
        business trust, business association, or other similar entity.
            (3) Covered contractor or subcontractor.--The term 
        ``covered contractor or subcontractor'' means a company that is 
        an existing or prospective contractor or subcontractor of the 
        Department of Defense on a contract or subcontract with a value 
        in excess of $5,000,000, except as provided in subsection (c).
            (4) Foreign ownership, control, or influence; foci.--The 
        terms ``foreign ownership, control, or influence'' and ``FOCI'' 
        have the meanings given those terms under the policy, factors, 
        and procedures of the National Industrial Security Program 
        Operating Manual, DOD 5220.22-M, or a successor document.
    (b) Improved Assessment and Mitigation of Risks Related to Foreign 
Ownership, Control, or Influence.--
            (1) In general.--In developing and implementing the 
        analytical framework for mitigating risk relating to ownership 
        structures, as required by section 831(b)(2)(B)(ii), the 
        Secretary of Defense shall improve the process and procedures 
        for the assessment and mitigation of risks related to foreign 
        ownership, control, or influence (FOCI) of contractors and 
        subcontractors doing business with the Department of Defense.
            (2) Elements.--The process and procedures for the 
        assessment and mitigation of risk relating to ownership 
        structures referred to in paragraph (1) shall include the 
        following elements:
                    (A) Assessment of foci.--(i) A requirement for 
                covered contractors and subcontractors to disclose to 
                the Defense Security Service, or its successor 
                organization, their beneficial ownership and whether 
                they are under FOCI.
                    (ii) A requirement to update such disclosures when 
                significant changes occur to information previously 
                provided, consistent with or similar to the procedures 
                for updating FOCI information under the National 
                Industrial Security Program.
                    (iii) A requirement for covered contractors and 
                subcontractors determined to be under FOCI to disclose 
                contact information for each of its foreign owners that 
                is a beneficial owner.
                    (iv) A requirement that, at a minimum, the 
                disclosures required by this paragraph be provided at 
                the time the contract or subcontract is awarded, 
                amended, or renewed, but in no case later than one year 
                after the Secretary prescribes regulations to carry out 
                this subsection.
                    (B) Responsibility determination.--Consistent with 
                section 831(b)(2)(C)(ii), consideration of FOCI risks 
                as part of responsibility determinations, including--
                            (i) whether to establish a special standard 
                        of responsibility relating to FOCI risks for 
                        covered contractors or subcontractors, and the 
                        extent to which the policies and procedures 
                        consistent with or similar to those relating to 
                        FOCI under the National Industrial Security 
                        Program shall be applied to covered contractors 
                        or subcontractors;
                            (ii) procedures for contracting officers 
                        making responsibility determinations regarding 
                        whether covered contractors and subcontractors 
                        may be under foreign ownership, control, or 
                        influence and for determining whether there is 
                        reason to believe that such foreign ownership, 
                        control, or influence would pose a risk to 
                        national security or potential risk of 
                        compromise because of sensitive data, systems, 
                        or processes, such as personally identifiable 
                        information, cybersecurity, or national 
                        security systems involved with the contract or 
                        subcontract; and
                            (iii) modification of policies, directives, 
                        and practices to provide that an assessment 
                        that a covered contractor or subcontractor is 
                        under FOCI may be a sufficient basis for a 
                        contracting officer to determine that a 
                        contractor or subcontractor is not responsible.
                    (C) Contract requirements, administration, and 
                oversight relating to foci.--
                            (i) Requirements for contract clauses 
                        providing for and enforcing disclosures related 
                        to changes in FOCI during performance of the 
                        contract, consistent with subparagraph (A), and 
                        necessitating the effective mitigation of risks 
                        related to FOCI throughout the duration of the 
                        contract or subcontract.
                            (ii) Pursuant to section 831(c), 
                        designation of the appropriate Department of 
                        Defense official responsible to approve and to 
                        take actions relating to award, modification, 
                        termination of a contract, or direction to 
                        modify or terminate a subcontract due to an 
                        assessment by the Defense Security Service, or 
                        its successor organization, that a covered 
                        contractor or subcontractor under FOCI poses a 
                        risk to national security or potential risk of 
                        compromise.
                            (iii) A requirement for the provision of 
                        additional information regarding beneficial 
                        ownership and control of any covered contractor 
                        or subcontractor on the contract or 
                        subcontract.
                            (iv) Other measures as necessary to be 
                        consistent with other relevant practices, 
                        policies, regulations, and actions, including 
                        those under the National Industrial Security 
                        Program.
    (c) Applicability to Contracts and Subcontracts for Commercial 
Products and Services and Other Forms of Acquisition Agreements.--
            (1) Commercial products and services.--The disclosure 
        requirements under subsection (b) shall not apply to a contract 
        or subcontract for commercial products or services, unless a 
        designated senior official specifically requires the 
        disclosures described in such subparagraphs with respect to the 
        contract or subcontract based on a determination by the 
        designated senior official that the contract or subcontract 
        involves a risk to national security or potential risk of 
        compromise because of sensitive data, systems, or processes, 
        such as personally identifiable information, cybersecurity, or 
        national security systems.
            (2) Research and development and procurement activities.--
        The Secretary of Defense shall ensure that the requirements of 
        this section are applied to research and development and 
        procurement activities, including for the delivery of services, 
        established through any means including those under section 
        2358(b) of title 10, United States Code.
    (d) Availability of Resources.--The Secretary shall ensure that 
sufficient resources, including subject matter expertise, are allocated 
to execute the functions necessary to carry out this section, including 
the assessment, mitigation, contract administration, and oversight 
functions.
    (e) Reporting Requirements and Limited Availability of Beneficial 
Ownership Data.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
        the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall 
        establish a process to update systems of record to improve the 
        assessment and mitigation of risks associated with FOCI through 
        the inclusion and updating of all appropriate associated 
        uniquely identifying information about the contracts and 
        contractors and subcontracts and subcontractors in the Federal 
        Awardee Performance and Integrity Information System (FAPIIS), 
        administered by the General Services Administration, and the 
        Commercial and Government Entity (CAGE) database, administered 
        by the Defense Logistics Agency.
            (2) Limited availability of information.--The Secretary of 
        Defense shall ensure that the information required to be 
        disclosed pursuant to this subsection is--
                    (A) not made public;
                    (B) made available via the FAPIIS and CAGE 
                databases; and
                    (C) made available to appropriate government 
                departments or agencies.

SEC. 834. EXTENSION AND REVISIONS TO NEVER CONTRACT WITH THE ENEMY.

    (a) Extension.--Section 841(n) of the National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2015 (10 U.S.C. 2302 note) is amended 
by striking ``December 31, 2021'' and inserting ``December 31, 2023''.
    (b) Expansion of Program.--Section 841(a) of such Act is amended--
            (1) in the heading, by striking ``Identification of Persons 
        and Entities'' and inserting ``Program'';
            (2) in the matter preceding paragraph (1), by striking 
        ``establish in'' and all that follows and inserting ``establish 
        a program to mitigate threats posed by vendors supporting 
        operations outside the United States. The program shall use 
        available intelligence to identify persons and entities that--
        '';
            (3) in paragraph (1), by striking ``; or'' and inserting a 
        semicolon;
            (4) in paragraph (2), by striking the period and inserting 
        a semicolon; and
            (5) by adding at the end the following new paragraphs:
            ``(3) directly or indirectly support a covered person or 
        entity or otherwise pose a force protection risk to personnel 
        of the United States or coalition forces; or
            ``(4) pose an unacceptable national security risk.''.
    (c) Inclusion of All Contracts.--Sections 841 and 842 of such Act 
are further amended by striking ``covered contract'' each place it 
appears and inserting ``contract''.
    (d) Inclusion of All Combatant Commands.--Sections 841 and 842 of 
such Act are further amended by striking ``covered combatant command'' 
each place it appears and inserting ``combatant command''.
    (e) Covered Person or Entity.--Section 843(6) of such Act is 
amended to read as follows:
            ``(6) Covered person or entity.--The term `covered person 
        or entity' means a person that is--
                    ``(A) engaging in acts of violence against 
                personnel of the United States or coalition forces;
                    ``(B) providing financing, logistics, training, or 
                intelligence to a person described in subparagraph (A);
                    ``(C) engaging in foreign intelligence activities 
                against the United States or against coalition forces;
                    ``(D) engaging in transnational organized crime or 
                criminal activities; or
                    ``(E) engaging in other activities that present a 
                direct or indirect risk to the national security of the 
                United States or coalition forces.''.
    (f) Delegation Authority of Combatant Commander.--
            (1) Use of designees.--Sections 841 and 842 of such Act are 
        further amended by striking ``specified deputies'' each place 
        it appears and inserting ``designee''.
            (2) Removal of limitations on delegation.--Section 841 of 
        such Act is further amended by striking subsection (g).
    (g) Authorities To Terminate, Void, and Restrict.--Section 841(c) 
of such Act is further amended--
            (1) in paragraph (1)--
                    (A) by inserting ``to a person or entity'' after 
                ``concerned''; and
                    (B) by striking ``the contract'' and all that 
                follows through the period at the end and inserting 
                ``the person or entity has been identified under the 
                program established under subsection (a).'';
            (2) in paragraph (2), by striking ``has failed'' and all 
        that follows and inserting ``has been identified under the 
        program established under subsection (a).''; and
            (3) in paragraph (3), by striking ``the contract'' and all 
        that follows through the period at the end and inserting ``the 
        contractor, or the recipient of the grant or cooperative 
        agreement, has been identified under the program established 
        under subsection (a).''.
    (h) Contract Clause.--Section 841(d)(2)(B) of such Act is amended 
by inserting ``and restrict future award to any contractor, or 
recipient of a grant or cooperative agreement, that has been identified 
under the program established under subsection (a)'' after ``subsection 
(c)''.
    (i) Participation of Secretary of State.--Section 841 of such Act 
is further amended--
            (1) in subsection (a) in the matter preceding paragraph 
        (1), by striking ``in consultation with''; and
            (2) in subsection (f)(1), by striking ``in consultation 
        with''.
    (j) Sharing of Information on Supporters of the Enemy.--Section 
841(h)(1) of such Act is further amended by striking ``may be 
providing'' and all that follows through ``or entity'' and inserting 
``have been identified under the program established under subsection 
(a)''.
    (k) Inapplicability to Certain Contracts, Grants, and Cooperative 
Agreements.--Section 841(j) of such Act is amended by striking 
``contracts, grants, and cooperative agreements'' and all that follows 
through the period at the end and inserting ``a contract, grant, or 
cooperative agreement that is performed entirely inside the United 
States unless the recipient of such contract, grant, or cooperative 
agreement is a foreign entity.''.
    (l) Construction With Other Authorities.--Section 841 of such Act 
is further amended--
            (1) in subsection (l), by striking ``Except as provided in 
        subsection (m), the'' and inserting ``The''; and
            (2) by striking subsection (m).
    (m) Additional Access to Records.--Section 842 of such Act is 
further amended--
            (1) in subsection (a)--
                    (A) in paragraph (1), by striking ``, except as 
                provided under subsection (c)(1),'';
                    (B) in paragraph (2), by striking ``ensure that 
                funds'' and all that follows through the period at the 
                end and inserting ``support the program established 
                under section 841(a).'';
                    (C) in paragraph (3), by striking ``that funds'' 
                and all that follows through the period at the end and 
                inserting ``that the examination of such records will 
                support the program established under section 
                841(a).''; and
                    (D) by striking paragraph (4); and
            (2) by striking subsection (c).
    (n) Reports.--Subtitle E of title VIII of such Act (10 U.S.C. 2302 
note) is further amended--
            (1) in section 841(i)(1), in the matter preceding 
        subparagraph (A), by striking ``2016, 2017, and 2018'' and 
        inserting ``2016 through 2023''; and
            (2) in section 842(b)(1), by striking ``2016, 2017, and 
        2018'' and inserting ``2016 through 2023''.
    (o) Technical and Conforming Amendments.--
            (1) Section heading.--The heading of section 841 of such 
        Act is amended by striking ``providing funds to'' and inserting 
        ``supporting''.
            (2) Redesignations.--Section 841 of such Act is further 
        amended by redesignating subsections (h) through (l) and (n) 
        (as amended by subsections (a) through (n) of this section) as 
        subsections (g) through (l), respectively.
            (3) Definitions.--Section 843 of such Act is amended by 
        striking paragraphs (2) through (5) and redesignating 
        paragraphs (6) through (9) as paragraphs (2) through (5), 
        respectively.

                   Subtitle D--Small Business Matters

SEC. 841. REAUTHORIZATION AND IMPROVEMENT OF DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE 
              MENTOR-PROTEGE PROGRAM.

    (a) Permanent Authorization.--Section 831 of the National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1991 (Public Law 101-510; 10 U.S.C. 
2302 note) is amended by striking subsection (j).
    (b) Office of Small Business Programs Oversight.--Section 831 of 
the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1991 (Public Law 
101-510; 10 U.S.C. 2302 note) is amended--
            (1) by redesignating subsection (n) as subsection (o); and
            (2) by inserting after subsection (m) the following new 
        subsection:
    ``(n) Establishment of Performance Goals and Periodic Reviews.--The 
Office of Small Business Programs of the Department of Defense shall--
            ``(1) establish performance goals consistent with the 
        stated purpose of the Mentor-Protege Program and outcome-based 
        metrics to measure progress in meeting those goals; and
            ``(2) submit to the congressional defense committees, not 
        later than February 1, 2020, a report on progress made toward 
        implementing these performance goals and metrics, based on 
        periodic reviews of the procedures used to approve mentor-
        protege agreements.''.
    (c) Modification of Disadvantaged Small Business Concern 
Definition.--Subsection (o)(2) of the National Defense Authorization 
Act for Fiscal Year 1991 (Public Law 101-510; 10 U.S.C. 2302 note), as 
redesignated by subsection (b)(1) of this section, is amended by 
striking ``has less than half the size standard corresponding to its 
primary North American Industry Classification System code'' and 
inserting ``is not more than the size standard corresponding to its 
primary North American Industry Classification System code''.
    (d) Removal of Pilot Program References.--Section 831 of the 
National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1991 (Public Law 
101-510; 10 U.S.C. 2302 note) is amended--
            (1) in the subsection heading for subsection (a), by 
        striking ``Pilot''; and
            (2) by striking ``pilot'' each place it appears.
    (e) Independent Report on Program Effectiveness.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense shall direct the 
        Defense Business Board to submit to the congressional defense 
        committees a report evaluating the effectiveness of the Mentor-
        Protege Program established under section 831 of the National 
        Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1991 (Public Law 101-
        510; 10 U.S.C. 2302 note), including recommendations for 
        improving the program in terms of performance metrics, forms of 
        assistance, and overall program effectiveness not later than 
        March 31, 2022.
            (2) Congressional defense committees defined.--In this 
        subsection, the term ``congressional defense committees'' has 
        the meaning given that term in section 101(a)(16) of title 10, 
        United States Code.

SEC. 842. MODIFICATION OF JUSTIFICATION AND APPROVAL REQUIREMENT FOR 
              CERTAIN DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE CONTRACTS.

    (a) Modification of Justification and Approval Requirement.--
Notwithstanding section 811 of the National Defense Authorization Act 
for Fiscal Year 2010 (Public Law 111-84; 123 Stat. 2405)--
            (1) no justification and approval is required under such 
        section for a sole-source contract awarded by the Department of 
        Defense in a covered procurement for an amount not exceeding 
        $100,000,000; and
            (2) for purposes of subsections (a)(2) and (c)(3)(A) of 
        such section, the appropriate official designated to approve 
        the justification for a sole-source contract awarded by the 
        Department of Defense in a covered procurement exceeding 
        $100,000,000 is the official designated in section 
        2304(f)(1)(B)(ii) of title 10, United States Code.
    (b) Guidance.--Not later than 90 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall issue guidance to 
implement the authority under subsection (a).
    (c) Comptroller General Review.--
            (1) Data tracking and collection.--The Department of 
        Defense shall track the use of the authority provided pursuant 
        to subsection (a) and make the data available to the 
        Comptroller General for purposes of the report required under 
        paragraph (2).
            (2) Report.--Not later than February 1, 2022, the 
        Comptroller General of the United States shall submit a report 
        to the congressional defense committees on the use of the 
        authority provided pursuant to subsection (a) through the end 
        of fiscal year 2021.

     Subtitle E--Provisions Related to Software-Driven Capabilities

SEC. 851. IMPROVED MANAGEMENT OF INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY AND CYBERSPACE 
              INVESTMENTS.

    (a) Improved Management.--
            (1) In general.--The Chief Information Officer of the 
        Department of Defense shall work with the Chief Data Officer of 
        the Department of Defense to optimize the Department's process 
        for accounting for, managing, and reporting its information 
        technology and cyberspace investments. The optimization should 
        include alternative methods of presenting budget justification 
        materials to the public and congressional staff to more 
        accurately communicate when, how, and with what frequency 
        capability is delivered to end users, in accordance with best 
        practices for managing and reporting on information technology 
        investments.
            (2) Briefing.--Not later than February 3, 2020, the Chief 
        Information Officer of the Department of Defense shall brief 
        the congressional defense committees on the process 
        optimization undertaken pursuant to paragraph (1), including 
        any recommendations for legislation.
    (b) Delivery of Information Technology Budget.--The Secretary of 
Defense shall submit to the congressional defense committees the 
Department of Defense budget request for information technology not 
later than 15 days after the submittal to Congress of the budget of the 
President for a fiscal year pursuant to section 1105 of title 31, 
United States Code.

SEC. 852. SPECIAL PATHWAYS FOR RAPID ACQUISITION OF SOFTWARE 
              APPLICATIONS AND UPGRADES.

    (a) Guidance Required.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall establish 
guidance authorizing the use of special pathways for the rapid 
acquisition of software applications and upgrades that are intended to 
be fielded within one year.
    (b) Software Acquisition Pathways.--
            (1) Use of proven technologies and solutions.--The guidance 
        required by subsection (a) shall provide for the use of proven 
        technologies and solutions to continuously engineer and deliver 
        capabilities in software.
            (2) Objectives.--The objectives of using the acquisition 
        authority under this section shall be to begin the engineering 
        of new capabilities quickly, to demonstrate viability and 
        effectiveness of those capabilities in operation, and to 
        continue updating and delivering new capabilities iteratively 
        afterwards.
            (3) Treatment not as acquisition program.--An acquisition 
        using the authority under this section shall not be treated as 
        an acquisition program for the purpose of section 2430 of title 
        10, United States Code, or Department of Defense Directive 
        5000.01 without the specific direction of the Under Secretary 
        of Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment or a Senior 
        Acquisition Executive.
            (4) Pathways.--The guidance shall provide for the following 
        two rapid acquisition pathways:
                    (A) Applications.--The applications software 
                acquisition pathway shall provide for the use of rapid 
                development and implementation of applications and 
                other software and software improvements running on 
                commercial commodity hardware (including modified 
                hardware) operated by the Department of Defense.
                    (B) Embedded systems.--The embedded systems 
                software acquisition pathway shall provide for the 
                rapid development and insertion of upgrades and 
                improvements for software embedded in weapon systems 
                and other military-unique hardware systems.
    (c) Expedited Process.--
            (1) In general.--The guidance required by subsection (a) 
        shall provide for a streamlined and coordinated requirements, 
        budget, and acquisition process that results in the rapid 
        fielding of software applications and software upgrades to 
        embedded systems in a period of not more than one year from the 
        time that the process is initiated. It shall also require the 
        collection of data on the version fielded and continuous 
        engagement with the users of that software, so as to enable 
        engineering and delivery of additional versions in periods of 
        not more than one year each.
            (2) Expedited software requirements process.--
                    (A) Inapplicability of existing guidance.--Software 
                acquisitions conducted under the authority of this 
                provision shall not be subject to the Joint 
                Capabilities Integration and Development System (JCIDS) 
                Manual and Department of Defense Directive 5000.01, 
                except to the extent specifically provided in the 
                guidance required under subsection (a) or by the Under 
                Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment or 
                a Senior Acquisition Executive.
                    (B) Requirements.--The guidance required by 
                subsection (a) shall provide the following with respect 
                to requirements:
                            (i) Requirements for covered acquisitions 
                        are developed on an iterative basis through 
                        engagement with the user community, and the use 
                        of user feedback in order to regularly define 
                        and set priorities for software requirements 
                        and evaluate the software capabilities 
                        acquired.
                            (ii) The requirements process begins with 
                        the identification of the warfighter or user 
                        need, including the rationale for how these 
                        software capabilities will support increased 
                        lethality and efficiency, and the 
                        identification of a relevant user community.
                            (iii) Initial contract requirements are 
                        stated in the form of a summary-level list of 
                        problems and shortcomings in existing software 
                        systems and desired features or capabilities of 
                        new or upgraded software systems.
                            (iv) Contract requirements are continuously 
                        refined and set in priority order in an 
                        evolutionary process through discussions with 
                        users that may continue throughout the 
                        development and implementation period.
                            (v) Issues related to lifecycle costs and 
                        systems interoperability are continuously 
                        considered.
                            (vi) Issues of logistics support in cases 
                        where the software developer may stop 
                        supporting the software system are addressed.
                            (vii) Rapid contracting procedures, to 
                        include timeframes for award, contract types, 
                        teaming, and options.
                            (viii) Execution processes, including 
                        supporting development and test infrastructure, 
                        automation and tools, data collection and 
                        sharing, the role of developmental and 
                        operational testing activities, and key 
                        decisionmaking and oversight events, and 
                        supporting processes and activities such as 
                        independent costing activity, operational 
                        demonstration, and performance metrics.
                            (ix) Administrative procedures, including 
                        procedures related to the roles and 
                        responsibilities of the implementing project or 
                        product teams and supporting activities, team 
                        selection and staffing process, oversight roles 
                        and responsibilities, and appropriate 
                        independent technology assessments, testing, 
                        and cost estimation, including relevant 
                        thresholds or designation criteria.
                            (x) Mechanisms and waivers designed to 
                        ensure flexibility in the implementation of the 
                        authority, including the use of other 
                        transaction authority, broad agency 
                        announcements, and other procedures.

                       Subtitle F--Other Matters

SEC. 861. NOTIFICATION OF NAVY PROCUREMENT PRODUCTION DISRUPTIONS.

    (a) In General.--Chapter 137 of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended by adding at the end the following new section:
``Sec. 2339b. Notification of Navy procurement production disruptions
    ``(a) Requirement for Contractor To Provide Notice of Delays.--The 
Secretary of the Navy shall require prime contractors of any Navy 
procurement program to report within 15 calendar days any stop work 
order or other manufacturing disruption of 15 calendar days or more, by 
the prime contractor or any sub-contractor, to the respective program 
manager and Navy technical authority.
    ``(b) Quarterly Reports.--The Secretary of the Navy shall submit to 
the congressional defense committees not later than 15 calendar days 
after the end of each quarter of a fiscal year a report listing all 
notifications made pursuant to subsection (a) during the preceding 
quarter.''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning of 
chapter 137 of title 10, United States Code, is amended by inserting 
after the item relating to section 2339a the following new item:

``2339b. Notification of Navy procurement production disruptions.''.

SEC. 862. MODIFICATION TO ACQUISITION AUTHORITY OF THE COMMANDER OF THE 
              UNITED STATES CYBER COMMAND.

    Section 807 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 2016 (Public Law 114-92; 10 U.S.C. 2224 note) is amended by 
inserting ``on new contract efforts'' after ``may not obligate or 
expend more than $75,000,000''.

SEC. 863. PROHIBITION ON OPERATION OR PROCUREMENT OF FOREIGN-MADE 
              UNMANNED AIRCRAFT SYSTEMS.

    (a) Prohibition on Agency Operation or Procurement.--The Secretary 
of Defense may not operate or enter into or renew a contract for the 
procurement of--
            (1) a covered unmanned aircraft system that--
                    (A) is manufactured in a covered foreign country or 
                by an entity domiciled in a covered foreign country;
                    (B) uses flight controllers, radios, data 
                transmission devices, cameras, or gimbals manufactured 
                in a covered foreign country or by an entity domiciled 
                in a covered foreign country;
                    (C) uses a ground control system or operating 
                software developed in a covered foreign country or by 
                an entity domiciled in a covered foreign country; or
                    (D) uses network connectivity or data storage 
                located in or administered by an entity domiciled in a 
                covered foreign country; or
            (2) a system manufactured in a covered foreign country or 
        by an entity domiciled in a covered foreign country for the 
        detection or identification of covered unmanned aircraft 
        systems.
    (b) Exemption.--The Secretary of Defense is exempt from the 
restriction under subsection (a) if the operation or procurement is for 
the purposes of--
            (1) Counter-UAS surrogate testing and training; or
            (2) intelligence, electronic warfare, and information 
        warfare operations, testing, analysis, and training.
    (c) Waiver.--The Secretary of Defense may waive the restriction 
under subsection (a) on a case by case basis by certifying in writing 
to the congressional defense committees that the operation or 
procurement is required in the national interest of the United States.
    (d) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) Covered foreign country.--The term ``covered foreign 
        country'' means the People's Republic of China.
            (2) Covered unmanned aircraft system.--The term ``covered 
        unmanned aircraft system'' means an unmanned aircraft system 
        and any related services and equipment.

SEC. 864. PROHIBITION ON CONTRACTING WITH PERSONS THAT HAVE BUSINESS 
              OPERATIONS WITH THE MADURO REGIME.

    (a) Prohibition.--Except as provided under subsections (c), (d), 
and (e), the Department of Defense may not enter into a contract for 
the procurement of goods or services with any person that has business 
operations with an authority of the Government of Venezuela that is not 
recognized as the legitimate Government of Venezuela by the United 
States Government.
    (b) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) Business operations.--The term ``business operations'' 
        means engaging in commerce in any form, including acquiring, 
        developing, maintaining, owning, selling, possessing, leasing, 
        or operating equipment, facilities, personnel, products, 
        services, personal property, real property, or any other 
        apparatus of business or commerce.
            (2) Government of venezuela.--(A) The term ``Government of 
        Venezuela'' includes the government of any political 
        subdivision of Venezuela, and any agency or instrumentality of 
        the Government of Venezuela.
            (B) For purposes of subparagraph (A), the term ``agency or 
        instrumentality of the Government of Venezuela'' means an 
        agency or instrumentality of a foreign state as defined in 
        section 1603(b) of title 28, United States Code, with each 
        reference in such section to ``a foreign state'' deemed to be a 
        reference to ``Venezuela''.
            (3) Person.--The term ``person'' means--
                    (A) a natural person, corporation, company, 
                business association, partnership, society, trust, or 
                any other nongovernmental entity, organization, or 
                group;
                    (B) any governmental entity or instrumentality of a 
                government, including a multilateral development 
                institution (as defined in section 1701(c)(3) of the 
                International Financial Institutions Act (22 U.S.C. 
                262r(c)(3))); and
                    (C) any successor, subunit, parent entity, or 
                subsidiary of, or any entity under common ownership or 
                control with, any entity described in subparagraph (A) 
                or (B).
    (c) Exceptions.--
            (1) In general.--The prohibition under subsection (a) does 
        not apply to a contract that the Secretary of Defense 
        determines--
                    (A) is necessary--
                            (i) for purposes of providing humanitarian 
                        assistance to the people of Venezuela;
                            (ii) for purposes of providing disaster 
                        relief and other urgent life-saving measures;
                            (iii) to carry out noncombatant 
                        evacuations; or
                            (iv) to carry out stabilization activities; 
                        or
                    (B) is vital to the national security interests of 
                the United States.
            (2) Notification requirement.--The Secretary of Defense 
        shall notify the congressional defense committees of any 
        contract entered into on the basis of an exception provided for 
        under paragraph (1).
    (d) Office of Foreign Assets Control Licenses.--The prohibition in 
subsection (a) shall not apply to a person that has a valid license to 
operate in Venezuela issued by the Office of Foreign Assets Control.
    (e) American Diplomatic Mission in Venezuela.--The prohibition in 
subsection (a) shall not apply to contracts related to the operation 
and maintenance of the United States Government's consular offices and 
diplomatic posts in Venezuela.
    (f) Applicability.--This section shall apply with respect to any 
contract entered into on or after the date of the enactment of this 
section.

SEC. 865. COMPTROLLER GENERAL OF THE UNITED STATES REPORT ON DEPARTMENT 
              OF DEFENSE EFFORTS TO COMBAT HUMAN TRAFFICKING THROUGH 
              PROCUREMENT PRACTICES.

    (a) In General.--Not later than one year after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Comptroller General of the United States 
shall submit to the appropriate congressional committees a report on 
Department of Defense efforts to combat human trafficking.
    (b) Elements.--The report required under subsection (a) shall 
evaluate--
            (1) the efforts of the Department of Defense to combat 
        human trafficking in its contracting and supply chain policy, 
        regulation, and practices, to include implementation of title 
        XVII of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 
        2013 (Public Law 112-239; 126 Stat. 2092) and Executive Order 
        13627 (77 Fed. Reg. 60029), as well as the nature and extent of 
        training for Department of Defense contract officers on how to 
        evaluate compliance plans, monitor contractor adherence to the 
        plans, and respond to reports of noncompliance;
            (2) the role of the current trafficking in person's office 
        within the Department of Defense in helping the Department 
        address all forms of human trafficking, and what, if any, 
        improvements should be made to the office;
            (3) the process used by contract officers to evaluate 
        compliance plans with regards to preventing human trafficking; 
        and
            (4) how many instances of human trafficking have been 
        reported to the Inspector General of the Department of Defense 
        and the outcome of those cases.
    (c) Appropriate Congressional Committees Defined.--In this section 
, the term ``appropriate congressional committees'' means--
            (1) the Committee on Armed Services and the Committee on 
        the Judiciary of the Senate; and
            (2) the Committee on Armed Services and the Committee on 
        the Judiciary of the House of Representatives.

      TITLE IX--DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE ORGANIZATION AND MANAGEMENT

   Subtitle A--Office of the Secretary of Defense and Related Matters

SEC. 901. HEADQUARTERS ACTIVITIES OF THE DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE MATTERS.

    (a) Assessment and Reform of Enterprise Business Operations.--
Subsection (b) of section 921 of the John S. McCain National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2019 (Public Law 115-232; 10 U.S.C. 
2222 note) is amended to read as follows:
    ``(b) Assessment and Reform of Enterprise Business Operations.--
            ``(1) Periodic assessments and actions.--Not later than 
        January 1, 2020, and not less frequently than once every five 
        years thereafter, the Secretary of Defense shall, acting 
        through the Chief Management Officer of the Department of 
        Defense--
                    ``(A) assess enterprise business operations of the 
                Department of Defense across all organizations and 
                elements of the Department; and
                    ``(B) take or direct the taking of such actions as 
                will minimize the duplication of efforts and maximize 
                efficiency and effectiveness in mission execution.
            ``(2) CMO reports.--Not later than January 1 of every fifth 
        calendar year beginning with January 1, 2025, the Chief 
        Management Officer shall submit to the congressional defense 
        committees a report that describes the assessments carried out 
        and the actions taken by the Chief Management Officer, and by 
        other officers or employees of the Department at the direction 
        of the Chief Management Office, under this subsection during 
        the preceding five years, including the following:
                    ``(A) A description of the metrics for performance 
                relating to minimization of duplication of efforts and 
                maximization of efficiency and effectiveness in mission 
                execution established for applicable organizations and 
                elements of the Department.
                    ``(B) A certification of any costs avoided or cost 
                savings achieved as a result of such assessments and 
                actions.''.
    (b) Report on Military and Civilian Personnel for the NGB and 
National Guard Joint Staff.--Not later than January 1, 2020, the 
Secretary of Defense shall submit to the congressional defense 
committees a report setting forth the following:
            (1) The total number of members of the Armed Forces and 
        civilian employees of the Department of Defense assigned to the 
        Office of the Chief of the National Guard Bureau and the 
        National Guard Joint Staff.
            (2) A recommendation for the total number of members and 
        employees required for the Office of the Chief of the National 
        Guard Bureau and the National Guard Joint Staff to execute the 
        missions and functions of the National Guard Bureau and the 
        National Guard Joint Staff.
    (c) Repeal of Superseded Limitations.--The following provisions are 
repealed:
            (1) Section 601 of the Goldwater-Nichols Department of 
        Defense Reorganization Act of 1986 (10 U.S.C. 194 note).
            (2) Section 1111 of the Duncan Hunter National Defense 
        Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2009 (10 U.S.C. 143 note).
    (d) Modification of Limitations on Number of Personnel in OSD and 
Other DoD Headquarters.--
            (1) OSD.--Section 143 of title 10, United States Code, is 
        amended--
                    (A) in subsection (a), by striking ``3,767'' and 
                inserting ``4,000''; and
                    (B) in subsection (b), by striking ``, civilian, 
                and detailed personnel'' and inserting ``and civilian 
                personnel''.
            (2) Joint staff.--
                    (A) In general.--Section 155(h) of such title is 
                amended--
                            (i) in paragraph (1), by striking ``2,069'' 
                        and inserting ``2,250''; and
                            (ii) in paragraph (2), by striking 
                        ``1,500'' and inserting ``1,600''.
                    (B) Effective date.--The amendments made by 
                subparagraph (A) shall take effect on December 31, 
                2019, immediately after the coming into effect of the 
                amendment made by section 903(b) of the National 
                Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017 (Public 
                Law 114-328; 130 Stat. 2344), to which such amendments 
                relate
            (3) Office of secretary of the army.--Section 7014(f) of 
        title 10, United States Code, is amended--
                    (A) in paragraph (1), by striking ``3,105'' and 
                inserting ``3,250''; and
                    (B) in paragraph (2), by striking ``1,865'' and 
                inserting ``1,900''.
            (4) Office of secretary of the navy.--Section 8014(f) of 
        such title is amended--
                    (A) in paragraph (1), by striking ``2,866'' and 
                inserting ``3,000''; and
                    (B) in paragraph (2), by striking ``1,720'' and 
                inserting ``1,800''.
            (5) Office of secretary of the air force.--Section 9014(f) 
        of such title is amended--
                    (A) in paragraph (1), by striking ``2,639'' and 
                inserting ``2,750''; and
                    (B) in paragraph (2), by striking ``1,585'' and 
                inserting ``1,650''.
    (e) Sunset of Reduction in Funding for DoD Headquarters, 
Administrative, and Support Activities.--Section 346 of the National 
Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2016 (10 U.S.C. 111 note) is 
amended by adding at the end the following new subsection:
    ``(c) Sunset.--No action is required under this section with 
respect to any fiscal year after fiscal year 2019.''.

SEC. 902. RESPONSIBILITY OF UNDER SECRETARY OF DEFENSE FOR ACQUISITION 
              AND SUSTAINMENT FOR PROCUREMENT TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE 
              COOPERATIVE AGREEMENT PROGRAM.

    (a) In General.--Section 2411(3) of title 10, United States Code, 
is amended by striking ``Secretary of Defense acting through the 
Director of the Defense Logistics Agency'' and inserting ``Secretary of 
Defense acting through the Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition 
and Sustainment''.
    (b) Authority to Pay Administrative and Other Costs.--Section 2417 
of title 10, United States Code, is amended by striking ``Director of 
the Defense Logistics Agency'' and inserting ``Under Secretary of 
Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment''.

SEC. 903. RETURN TO CHIEF INFORMATION OFFICER OF THE DEPARTMENT OF 
              DEFENSE OF RESPONSIBILITY FOR BUSINESS SYSTEMS AND 
              RELATED MATTERS.

    (a) Return of Responsibility.--
            (1) In general.--Section 142(b)(1) of title 10, United 
        States Code, is amended by striking ``systems and'' each place 
        it appears in subparagraphs (A), (B), and (C).
            (2) Conforming amendments to cmo authorities.--Section 
        132a(b) of such title is amended--
                    (A) in paragraph (2), by striking ``performance 
                measurement and management, and business information 
                technology management and improvement activities and 
                programs'' and inserting ``and performance measurement 
                and management activities and programs'';
                    (B) by striking paragraphs (4) and (5); and
                    (C) by redesignating paragraphs (6) and (7) as 
                paragraphs (4) and (5), respectively.
    (b) Chief Data Officer Responsibility for DoD Data Sets.--
            (1) In general.--In addition to any other functions and 
        responsibilities specified in section 3520(c) of title 44, 
        United States, Code, the Chief Data Officer of the Department 
        of Defense shall also be the official in the Department of 
        Defense with principal responsibility for providing for the 
        availability of common, usable, Defense-wide data sets.
            (2) Access to all dod data.--In order to carry out the 
        responsibility specified in paragraph (1), the Chief Data 
        Officer shall have access to all Department of Defense data, 
        including data in connection with warfighting missions and 
        back-office data.
            (3) Responsible to cio.--The Chief Data Officer shall 
        report directly to the Chief Information Officer of the 
        Department of Defense in the performance of the responsibility 
        specified in paragraph (1).
            (4) Report.--Not later than December 1, 2019, the Secretary 
        of Defense shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services of 
        the Senate and the House of Representatives a report setting 
        forth such recommendations for legislative or administrative 
        action as the Secretary considers appropriate to carry out this 
        subsection.

SEC. 904. SENIOR MILITARY ADVISOR FOR CYBER POLICY AND DEPUTY PRINCIPAL 
              CYBER ADVISOR.

    (a) Advisor.--
            (1) In general.--The Under Secretary of Defense for Policy 
        shall, acting through the Joint Staff, designate an officer 
        within the Office of the Under Secretary of Defense for Policy 
        to serve within that Office as the Senior Military Advisor for 
        Cyber Policy, and concurrently, as the Deputy Principal Cyber 
        Advisor.
            (2) Officers eligible for designation.--The officer 
        designated pursuant to this subsection shall be designated from 
        among commissioned regular officers of the Armed Forces in a 
        general or flag officer grade who are qualified for designation
            (3) Grade.--The officer designated pursuant to this 
        subsection shall have the grade of major general or rear 
        admiral while serving in that position, without vacating the 
        officer's permanent grade.
    (b) Scope of Positions.--
            (1) In general.--The officer designated pursuant to 
        subsection (a) is each of the following:
                    (A) The Senior Military Advisor for Cyber Policy to 
                the Under Secretary of Defense for Policy.
                    (B) The Deputy Principal Cyber Advisor to the Under 
                Secretary of Defense for Policy.
            (2) Direction and control and reporting.--In carrying out 
        duties under this section, the officer designed pursuant to 
        subsection (a) shall be subject to the authority, direction, 
        and control of, and shall report directly to, the following:
                    (A) The Under Secretary with respect to Senior 
                Military Advisor for Cyber Policy duties.
                    (B) The Principal Cyber Advisor with respect to 
                Deputy Principal Cyber Advisor duties.
    (c) Duties.--
            (1) Duties as senior military advisor for cyber policy.--
        The duties of the officer designated pursuant to subsection (a) 
        as Senior Military Advisor for Cyber Policy are as follows:
                    (A) To serve as the principal uniformed military 
                advisor on military cyber forces and activities to the 
                Under Secretary of Defense for Policy.
                    (B) To assess and advise the Under Secretary on 
                aspects of policy relating to military cyberspace 
                operations, resources, personnel, cyber force 
                readiness, cyber workforce development, and defense of 
                Department of Defense networks.
                    (C) To advocate, in consultation with the Joint 
                Staff, and senior officers of the Armed Forces and the 
                combatant commands, for consideration of military 
                issues within the Office of the Under Secretary of 
                Defense for Policy, including coordination and 
                synchronization of Department cyber forces and 
                activities.
                    (D) To maintain open lines of communication between 
                the Chief Information Officer of the Department of 
                Defense, senior civilian leaders within the Office of 
                the Under Secretary, and senior officers on the Joint 
                Staff, the Armed Forces, and the combatant commands on 
                cyber matters, and to ensure that military leaders are 
                informed on cyber policy decisions.
            (2) Duties as deputy principal cyber advisor.--The duties 
        of the officer designated pursuant to subsection (a) as Deputy 
        Principal Cyber Advisor are as follows:
                    (A) To synchronize, coordinate, and oversee 
                implementation of the Cyber Strategy of the Department 
                of Defense and other relevant policy and planning.
                    (B) To advise the Secretary of Defense on cyber 
                programs, projects, and activities of the Department, 
                including with respect to policy, training, resources, 
                personnel, manpower, and acquisitions and technology.
                    (C) To oversee implementation of Department policy 
                and operational directives on cyber programs, projects, 
                and activities, including with respect to resources, 
                personnel, manpower, and acquisitions and technology.
                    (D) To assist in the overall supervision of 
                Department cyber activities relating to offensive 
                missions.
                    (E) To assist in the overall supervision of 
                Department defensive cyber operations, including 
                activities of component-level cybersecurity service 
                providers and the integration of such activities with 
                activities of the Cyber Mission Force.
                    (F) To advise senior leadership of the Department 
                on, and advocate for, investment in capabilities to 
                execute Department missions in and through cyberspace.
                    (G) To identify shortfalls in capabilities to 
                conduct Department missions in and through cyberspace, 
                and make recommendations on addressing such shortfalls 
                in the Program Budget Review process.
                    (H) To coordinate and consult with stakeholders in 
                the cyberspace domain across the Department in order to 
                identify other issues on cyberspace for the attention 
                of senior leadership of the Department.
                    (I) On behalf of the Principal Cyber Advisor, to 
                lead the cross-functional team established pursuant to 
                932(c)(3) of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
                Fiscal Year 2014 (10 U.S.C. 2224 note) in order to 
                synchronize and coordinate military and civilian cyber 
                forces and activities of the Department.

SEC. 905. LIMITATION ON TRANSFER OF STRATEGIC CAPABILITIES OFFICE.

    (a) Limitation.--The Under Secretary of Defense for Research and 
Engineering may not transfer the Strategic Capabilities Office or 
change the reporting structure of the Office, as in effect on the day 
before the date of the enactment of this Act, until the Secretary of 
Defense, acting through the Chief Management Officer and the Under 
Secretary of Defense for Research and Engineering and in consultation 
with the United States Indo-Pacific, Europe, and Special Operations 
Command, submits the report required by subsection (b)(1).
    (b) Report.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary shall submit to the 
        congressional defense committees a report that evaluates the 
        following options for transferring the Office:
                    (A) Transferring the Office so that the Director of 
                the Office reports directly to the Under Secretary of 
                Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment.
                    (B) Maintaining the arrangement in effect on the 
                day before the date of the enactment of this Act such 
                that the Director continues to report to the Under 
                Secretary of Defense for Research and Engineering.
                    (C) Transferring the Office to the Defense Advanced 
                Research Projects Agency.
                    (D) Such other options as the Under Secretary may 
                identify.
            (2) Contents.--The report submitted under paragraph (1) 
        shall include, for each option evaluated under such paragraph, 
        an evaluation of whether the option considered will provide 
        for--
                    (A) responding to the critical needs of combatant 
                commanders;
                    (B) augmentation of cross-Department of Defense 
                efforts with respect to developing strategic 
                capabilities;
                    (C) developing new and innovative ways to counter 
                advanced threats;
                    (D) providing sound technical and program 
                management for activities of the Strategic Capabilities 
                Office;
                    (E) coordinating appropriately with other research 
                and technology development activities of the 
                Department; and
                    (F) partnering with and responding to senior 
                leadership across the Department.

Subtitle B--Organization and Management of Other Department of Defense 
                          Offices and Elements

SEC. 911. ASSISTANT SECRETARIES OF THE MILITARY DEPARTMENTS FOR ENERGY, 
              INSTALLATIONS, AND ENVIRONMENT.

    (a) Assistant Secretary of the Army.--Section 7016(b) of title 10, 
United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new 
paragraph:
    ``(6) One of the Assistant Secretaries shall be the Assistant 
Secretary of the Army for Energy, Installations, and Environment.''.
    (b) Assistant Secretary of the Navy.--Section 8016(b) of such title 
is amended by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
    ``(5) One of the Assistant Secretaries shall be the Assistant 
Secretary of the Navy for Energy, Installations, and Environment.''.
    (c) Assistant Secretary of the Air Force.--Section 9016(b) of such 
title is amended by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
    ``(5) One of the Assistant Secretaries shall be the Assistant 
Secretary of the Air Force for Energy, Installations, and 
Environment.''.

SEC. 912. REPEAL OF CONDITIONAL DESIGNATION OF EXPLOSIVE ORDNANCE 
              DISPOSAL CORPS AS A BASIC BRANCH OF THE ARMY.

    Section 582 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 2018 (Public Law 115-91; 131 Stat. 1415) is repealed, and the 
amendment otherwise provided for by subsection (a) of that section 
shall not be made.

                       Subtitle C--Other Matters

SEC. 921. EXCLUSION FROM LIMITATIONS ON PERSONNEL IN THE OFFICE OF THE 
              SECRETARY OF DEFENSE AND DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE 
              HEADQUARTERS OF FELLOWS APPOINTED UNDER THE JOHN S. 
              MCCAIN DEFENSE FELLOWS PROGRAM.

    Section 932(f)(3) of the John S. McCain National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2019 (Public Law 115-232; 132 Stat. 
1935; 10 U.S.C. prec. 1580 note) is amended by adding at the end the 
following new sentence: ``An individual appointed pursuant to this 
paragraph shall not count against the limitation on the number of 
Office of the Secretary of Defense personnel in section 143 of title 
10, United States Code, or any similar limitation in law on the number 
of personnel in headquarters of the Department that would otherwise 
apply to the office or headquarters to which appointed.''.

SEC. 922. REPORT ON RESOURCES TO IMPLEMENT THE CIVILIAN CASUALTY POLICY 
              OF THE DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE.

    Not later than 30 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, 
the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the congressional defense 
committees a report, in unclassified form, on the resources necessary 
over the period of the future-years defense plan for fiscal year 2020 
under section 221 of title United States Code, to fulfill the 
requirements of section 936 of the John S. McCain National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2019 (Public Law 115-232l 132 Stat. 
1939; 10 U.S.C. 134 note) and fully implement policies developed as a 
result of such section.

                      TITLE X--GENERAL PROVISIONS

                     Subtitle A--Financial Matters

SEC. 1001. GENERAL TRANSFER AUTHORITY.

    (a) Authority To Transfer Authorizations.--
            (1) Authority.--Upon determination by the Secretary of 
        Defense that such action is necessary in the national interest, 
        the Secretary may transfer amounts of authorizations made 
        available to the Department of Defense in this division for 
        fiscal year 2020 between any such authorizations for that 
        fiscal year (or any subdivisions thereof). Amounts of 
        authorizations so transferred shall be merged with and be 
        available for the same purposes as the authorization to which 
        transferred.
            (2) Limitation.--Except as provided in paragraph (3), the 
        total amount of authorizations that the Secretary may transfer 
        under the authority of this section may not exceed 
        $4,000,000,000.
            (3) Exception for transfers between military personnel 
        authorizations.--A transfer of funds between military personnel 
        authorizations under title IV shall not be counted toward the 
        dollar limitation in paragraph (2).
    (b) Limitations.--The authority provided by subsection (a) to 
transfer authorizations--
            (1) may only be used to provide authority for items that 
        have a higher priority than the items from which authority is 
        transferred; and
            (2) may not be used to provide authority for an item that 
        has been denied authorization by Congress.
    (c) Effect on Authorization Amounts.--A transfer made from one 
account to another under the authority of this section shall be deemed 
to increase the amount authorized for the account to which the amount 
is transferred by an amount equal to the amount transferred.
    (d) Notice to Congress.--The Secretary shall promptly notify 
Congress of each transfer made under subsection (a).

SEC. 1002. MODIFICATION OF REQUIRED ELEMENTS OF ANNUAL REPORTS ON 
              EMERGENCY AND EXTRAORDINARY EXPENSES OF THE DEPARTMENT OF 
              DEFENSE.

    Paragraph (2) of section 127(d) of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended to read as follows:
    ``(2) Each report submitted under paragraph (1) shall include, for 
each individual expenditure covered by such report in an amount in 
excess of $20,000, the following:
            ``(A) A detailed description of the purpose of such 
        expenditure.
            ``(B) The amount of such expenditure.
            ``(C) An identification of the approving authority for such 
        expenditure.
            ``(D) A justification why other authorities available to 
        the Department could not be used for such expenditure.
            ``(E) Any other matters the Secretary considers 
        appropriate.''.

SEC. 1003. INCLUSION OF MILITARY CONSTRUCTION PROJECTS IN ANNUAL 
              REPORTS ON UNFUNDED PRIORITIES OF THE ARMED FORCES AND 
              THE COMBATANT COMMANDS.

    (a) Inclusion of Military Construction Projects Among Unfunded 
Priorities.--Subsection (d) of section 222a of title 10, United States 
Code, is amended in the matter preceding paragraph (1) by inserting ``, 
including a military construction project,'' after ``program, activity, 
or mission requirement''.
    (b) Order of Urgency of Priority.--Paragraph (2) of subsection (c) 
of such section is amended to read as follows:
            ``(2) Prioritization of priorities.--Each report shall 
        present the unfunded priorities covered by such report as 
        follows:
                    ``(A) In overall order of urgency of priority.
                    ``(B) In overall order of urgency of priority among 
                unfunded priorities (other than military construction 
                projects).
                    ``(C) In overall order of urgency of priority among 
                military construction projects.''.

SEC. 1004. PROHIBITION ON DELEGATION OF RESPONSIBILITY FOR SUBMITTAL TO 
              CONGRESS OF OUT-YEAR UNCONSTRAINED TOTAL MUNITIONS 
              REQUIREMENTS AND OUT-YEAR INVENTORY NUMBERS.

    Section 222c of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a), by striking ``subsection (b)'' and 
        inserting ``subsection (c)'';
            (2) by redesignating subsections (b), (c), and (d) as 
        subsections (c), (d), and (e), respectively;
            (3) by inserting after subsection (a) the following new 
        subsection (b):
    ``(b) Prohibition on Delegation of Submittal Responsibility.--The 
responsibility of the chief of staff of an armed force in subsection 
(a) to submit a report may not be delegated outside the armed force 
concerned.''; and
            (4) in subsection (c), as redesignated by paragraph (2), by 
        striking ``subsection (c)'' in paragraph (6) and inserting 
        ``subsection (d)''.

SEC. 1005. ELEMENT IN ANNUAL REPORTS ON THE FINANCIAL IMPROVEMENT AND 
              AUDIT REMEDIATION PLAN ON ACTIVITIES WITH RESPECT TO 
              CLASSIFIED PROGRAMS.

    Section 240b(b)(1) of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in subparagraph (B), by adding at the end the following 
        new clause:
                            ``(ix) A description of audit activities 
                        and results for classified programs, including 
                        a description of the use of procedures and 
                        requirements to prevent unauthorized exposure 
                        of classified information in such 
                        activities.''; and
            (2) in subparagraph (C)(i), by inserting ``or (ix)'' after 
        ``clause (vii)''.

SEC. 1006. MODIFICATION OF SEMIANNUAL BRIEFINGS ON THE CONSOLIDATED 
              CORRECTIVE ACTION PLAN OF THE DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE FOR 
              FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT INFORMATION.

    (a) In General.--Paragraph (2) of section 240b(b) of title 10, 
United States Code, is amended to read as following:
            ``(2) Semiannual briefings.--
                    ``(A) In general.--Not later than February 28 and 
                September 30 each year, the Under Secretary of Defense 
                (Comptroller) and the comptrollers of the military 
                departments shall provide a briefing to the 
                congressional defense committees on the status of the 
                consolidated corrective action plan referred to in 
                paragraph (1)(B)(i) as of the end of the most recent 
                calendar half-year ending before such briefing.
                    ``(B) Elements.--Each briefing under subparagraph 
                (A) shall include the following:
                            ``(i) The absolute number, and the 
                        percentage, of personnel performing the amount 
                        of auditing or audit remediation services being 
                        performed by professionals meeting the 
                        qualifications described in section 240d(b) of 
                        this title as of the last day of the calendar 
                        half-year covered by such briefing.
                            ``(ii) With respect to each finding and 
                        recommendation issued in connection with the 
                        audit of the financial statements of a 
                        department, agency, component, or other element 
                        of the Department of Defense, or the Department 
                        of Defense as a whole, that was received by the 
                        Department during the calendar half-year 
                        covered by such briefing, each of the 
                        following:
                                    ``(I) A description of the manner 
                                in which the corrective action plan of 
                                such department, agency, component, or 
                                element and the corrective action plan 
                                of the Department as a whole, or the 
                                corrective action plan of the 
                                Department as a whole (in the case of a 
                                finding or recommendation regarding the 
                                Department as a whole), has been 
                                modified in order to incorporate such 
                                finding or recommendation into such 
                                plans or plan.
                                    ``(II) An identification of the 
                                processes, systems, procedures, and 
                                technologies required to implement such 
                                corrective action plans or plan, as so 
                                modified.
                                    ``(III) A determination of the 
                                funds required to procure, obtain, or 
                                otherwise implement each process, 
                                system, and technology identified 
                                pursuant to subclause (II).
                                    ``(IV) An identification the manner 
                                in which such corrective action plans 
                                or plan, as so modified, support the 
                                National Defense Strategy (NDS) of the 
                                United States.''.
    (b) Technical Amendment.--Paragraph (1)(B)(i) of such section is 
amended by striking ``section 253a'' and inserting ``section 240c''.
    (c) Effective Date.--The amendment made by subsection (a) shall 
take effect on the date of the enactment of this Act, and shall apply 
with respect to calender half-years that end on or after that date.

SEC. 1007. UPDATE OF AUTHORITIES AND RENAMING OF DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE 
              ACQUISITION WORKFORCE DEVELOPMENT FUND.

    (a) Renaming as Account.--
            (1) In general.--Section 1705 of title 10, United States 
        Code, is amended--
                    (A) in subsection (a), by striking ``the 
                `Department of Defense Acquisition Workforce 
                Development Fund' (in this section referred to as the 
                `Fund')'' and inserting ``the `Department of Defense 
                Acquisition Workforce Development Account' (in this 
                section referred to as the `Account')''; and
                    (B) by striking ``Fund'' each place it appears 
                (other than subsection (e)(6)) and inserting 
                ``Account''.
            (2) Conforming and clerical amendments.--
                    (A) Section heading.--The heading of such section 
                is amended to read as follows:
``Sec. 1705. Department of Defense Acquisition Workforce Development 
              Account''.
                    (B) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at 
                the beginning of subchapter I of chapter 87 of such 
                title is amended by striking the item relating to 
                section 1705 and inserting the following new item:

``1705. Department of Defense Acquisition Workforce Development 
                            Account.''.
    (b) Management.--Such section is further amended by striking 
``Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition, Technology, and 
Logistics'' each place it appears and inserting ``Under Secretary of 
Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment''.
    (c) Appropriations as Sole Elements of Account.--Subsection (d) of 
such section is amended to read as follows:
    ``(d) Elements.--The Account shall consist of amounts appropriated 
to the Account by law.''.
    (d) Availability of Amounts in Account.--Subsection (e)(6) of such 
section is amended by striking ``credited to the Fund'' and all that 
follows and inserting ``appropriated to the Account pursuant to 
subsection (d) shall remain available for expenditure for the fiscal 
year in which appropriated and the succeeding fiscal year.''.
    (e) Effective Date.--
            (1) In general.--The amendments made by this section shall 
        take effect on October 1, 2019, and shall apply with respect to 
        fiscal years that begin on or after that date.
            (2) Duration of availability of previously deposited 
        funds.--Nothing in the amendments made by this section shall 
        modify the duration of availability of amounts in the 
        Department of Defense Acquisition Workforce Development Fund 
        that were appropriated or credited to, or deposited, in the 
        Fund, before October 1, 2019, as provided for in section 
        1705(e)(6) of title 10, United States Code, as in effect on the 
        day before such date.

                   Subtitle B--Counterdrug Activities

SEC. 1011. MODIFICATION OF AUTHORITY TO SUPPORT A UNIFIED COUNTERDRUG 
              AND COUNTERTERRORISM CAMPAIGN IN COLOMBIA.

    Section 1021(a)(1) of the Ronald W. Reagan National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2005 (Public Law 108-375; 118 Stat. 
2042), as most recently amended by section 1011(1) of the National 
Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2018 (Public Law 115-91; 131 
Stat. 1545), is further amended by striking ``organizations designated 
as'' and all that follows and inserting ``terrorist organizations or 
other illegally armed groups that the Secretary of Defense, with the 
concurrence of the Secretary of State, determines pose a threat to the 
national security interests of the United States.''.

SEC. 1012. TWO-YEAR EXTENSION OF AUTHORITY FOR JOINT TASK FORCES TO 
              PROVIDE SUPPORT TO LAW ENFORCEMENT AGENCIES CONDUCTING 
              COUNTER-TERRORISM ACTIVITIES.

    Section 1022(b) of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
Fiscal Year 2004 (10 U.S.C. 271 note) is amended by striking ``2020'' 
and inserting ``2022''.

                Subtitle C--Naval Vessels and Shipyards

SEC. 1016. MODIFICATION OF AUTHORITY TO PURCHASE VESSELS USING FUNDS IN 
              NATIONAL DEFENSE SEALIFT FUND.

    (a) In General.--Section 2218(f)(3)(E) of title 10, United States 
Code, is amended--
            (1) in clause (i), by striking ``ten new sealift vessels'' 
        and inserting ``ten new vessels that are sealift vessels, 
        auxiliary vessels, or a combination of such vessels''; and
            (2) in clause (ii), by striking ``sealift''.
    (b) Effective Date.--The amendments made by subsection (a) shall 
take effect on October 1, 2019, and shall apply with respect to fiscal 
years beginning on or after that date.

SEC. 1017. SENIOR TECHNICAL AUTHORITY FOR EACH NAVAL VESSEL CLASS.

    (a) Senior Technical Authority for Each Class Required.--Chapter 
863 of title 10, United States Code, is amended by inserting after 
section 8669a the following new section:
``Sec. 8669b. Senior Technical Authority for each naval vessel class
    ``(a) Senior Technical Authority.--
            ``(1) Designation for each vessel class required.--The 
        Secretary of the Navy shall designate, in writing, a Senior 
        Technical Authority for each class of naval vessels as follows:
                    ``(A) In the case of a class of vessels which has 
                received Milestone A approval, an approval to enter 
                into technology maturation and risk reduction, or an 
                approval to enter into a subsequent Department of 
                Defense or Department of the Navy acquisition phase as 
                of the date of the enactment of the National Defense 
                Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2020, not later than 
                30 days after such date of enactment.
                    ``(B) In the case of any class of vessels which has 
                not received any approval described in subparagraph (A) 
                as of such date of enactment, at or before the first of 
                such approvals.
            ``(2) Prohibition on delegation.--The Secretary may not 
        delegate designations under paragraph (1).
            ``(3) Individuals eligible for designation.--Each 
        individual designated as a Senior Technical Authority under 
        paragraph (1) shall be an employee of the Navy in the Senior 
        Executive Service in an organization of the Navy that--
                    ``(A) possesses the technical expertise required to 
                carry out the responsibilities specified in subsection 
                (b); and
                    ``(B) operates independently of chains-of-command 
                for acquisition program management.
            ``(4) Term.--Each Senior Technical Authority shall be 
        designated for a term, not fewer than six years, specified by 
        the Secretary at the time of designation.
            ``(5) Removal.--An individual may be removed involuntarily 
        from designation as a Senior Technical Authority only by the 
        Secretary. Not later than 15 days after the involuntary removal 
        of an individual from designation as a Senior Technical 
        Authority, the Secretary shall notify, in writing, the 
        congressional defense committees of the removal, including the 
        reasons for the removal.
    ``(b) Responsibilities and Authority.--Each Senior Technical 
Authority shall be responsible for, and have the authority to, 
establish, monitor, and approve technical standards, tools, and 
processes for the class of naval vessels for which designated under 
this section in conformance with applicable Department of Defense and 
Department of the Navy policies, requirements, architectures, and 
standards.
    ``(c) Limitation on Obligation of Funds on Lead Vessel in Vessel 
Class.--
            ``(1) In general.--On or after October 1, 2020, funds 
        authorized to be appropriated for Shipbuilding and Conversion, 
        Navy or Other Procurement, Navy may not be obligated for the 
        first time on the lead vessel in a class of naval vessels 
        unless the Secretary of the Navy certifies as described in 
        paragraph (2).
            ``(2) Certification elements.--The certification on a class 
        of naval vessels described in this paragraph is a certification 
        containing each of the following:
                    ``(A) The name of the individual designated as the 
                Senior Technical Authority for such class of vessels, 
                and the qualifications and professional biography of 
                the individual so designated.
                    ``(B) A description by the Senior Technical 
                Authority of the systems engineering, technology, and 
                ship integration risks for such class of vessels.
                    ``(C) The designation by the Senior Technical 
                Authority of each critical hull, mechanical, 
                electrical, propulsion, and combat system of such class 
                of vessels, including systems relating to power 
                generation, power distribution, and key operational 
                mission areas.
                    ``(D) The date on which the Senior Technical 
                Authority approved the systems engineering, engineering 
                development, and land-based engineering and testing 
                plans for such class of vessels.
                    ``(E) A description by the Senior Technical 
                Authority of the key technical knowledge objectives and 
                demonstrated system performance of each plan approved 
                as described in subparagraph (D).
                    ``(F) A determination by the Senior Technical 
                Authority that such plans are sufficient to achieve 
                thorough technical knowledge of critical systems of 
                such class of vessels before the start of detail design 
                and construction.
                    ``(G) A determination by the Senior Technical 
                Authority that actual execution of activities in 
                support of such plans as of the date of the 
                certification have been and continue to be effective 
                and supportive of the acquisition schedule for such 
                class of vessels.
                    ``(H) A description by the Senior Technical 
                Authority of other technology maturation and risk 
                reduction efforts not included in such plans for such 
                class of vessels taken as of the date of the 
                certification.
                    ``(I) A certification by the Senior Technical 
                Authority that each critical system covered by 
                subparagraph (C) has been demonstrated through testing 
                of a prototype or identical component in its final 
                form, fit, and function in a realistic environment.
                    ``(J) A determination by the Secretary that the 
                plans approved as described in subparagraph (D) are 
                fully funded and will be fully funded in the future-
                years defense program for the fiscal year beginning in 
                the year in which the certification is submitted.
                    ``(K) A determination by the Secretary that the 
                Senior Technical Authority will approve, in writing, 
                the ship specification for such class of vessels before 
                the request for proposals for detail design, 
                construction, or both, as applicable, is released.
            ``(3) Deadline for submittal of certification.--The 
        certification required by this subsection with respect to a 
        class of naval vessels shall be submitted, in writing, to the 
        congressional defense committees not fewer than 30 days before 
        the Secretary obligates for the first time funds authorized to 
        be appropriated for Shipbuilding and Conversion, Navy or Other 
        Procurement, Navy for the lead vessel in such class of naval 
        vessels.
    ``(d) Definitions.--In this section:
            ``(1) The term `class of naval vessels'--
                    ``(A) means any group of similar undersea or 
                surface craft procured with Shipbuilding and 
                Conversion, Navy or Other Procurement, Navy funds, 
                including manned, unmanned, and optionally-manned 
                craft; and
                    ``(B) includes--
                            ``(i) a substantially new class of craft 
                        (including craft procured using `new start' 
                        procurement); and
                            ``(ii) a class of craft undergoing a 
                        significant incremental change in its existing 
                        class (such as a next `flight' of destroyers or 
                        next `block' of attack submarines).
            ``(2) The term `future-years defense program' has the 
        meaning given that term in section 221 of this title.
            ``(3) The term `Milestone A approval' has the meaning given 
        that term in section 2431a of this title.''
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning of 
chapter 863 of such title is amended by inserting after the item 
relating to section 8669a the following new item:

``8669b. Senior Technical Authority for each naval vessel class.''.

SEC. 1018. PERMANENT AUTHORITY FOR SUSTAINING OPERATIONAL READINESS OF 
              LITTORAL COMBAT SHIPS ON EXTENDED DEPLOYMENT.

    Section 8680(a)(2) of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
striking subparagraph (D).

                      Subtitle D--Counterterrorism

SEC. 1021. EXTENSION OF PROHIBITION ON USE OF FUNDS FOR TRANSFER OR 
              RELEASE OF INDIVIDUALS DETAINED AT UNITED STATES NAVAL 
              STATION, GUANTANAMO BAY, CUBA, TO THE UNITED STATES.

    Section 1033 of the John S. McCain National Defense Authorization 
Act for Fiscal Year 2019 (Public Law 115-232) is amended by striking 
``December 31, 2019'' and inserting ``December 31, 2020''.

SEC. 1022. EXTENSION OF PROHIBITION ON USE OF FUNDS TO CONSTRUCT OR 
              MODIFY FACILITIES IN THE UNITED STATES TO HOUSE DETAINEES 
              TRANSFERRED FROM UNITED STATES NAVAL STATION, GUANTANAMO 
              BAY, CUBA.

    Section 1034(a) of the John S. McCain National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2019 (Public Law 115-232) is amended 
by striking ``December 31, 2019'' and inserting ``December 31, 2020''.

SEC. 1023. EXTENSION OF PROHIBITION ON USE OF FUNDS FOR TRANSFER OR 
              RELEASE OF INDIVIDUALS DETAINED AT UNITED STATES NAVAL 
              STATION, GUANTANAMO BAY, CUBA, TO CERTAIN COUNTRIES.

    Section 1035 of the John S. McCain National Defense Authorization 
Act for Fiscal Year 2018 (Public Law 115-232) is amended by striking 
``December 31, 2019'' and inserting ``December 31, 2020''.

SEC. 1024. EXTENSION OF PROHIBITION ON USE OF FUNDS TO CLOSE OR 
              RELINQUISH CONTROL OF UNITED STATES NAVAL STATION, 
              GUANTANAMO BAY, CUBA.

    Section 1036 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 2018 (Public Law 115-91; 131 Stat. 1551), as amended by section 
1032 of the John S. McCain National Defense Authorization Act for 
Fiscal Year 2019 (Public Law 115-232), is further amended by striking 
``or 2019'' and inserting ``, 2019, or 2020''.

SEC. 1025. AUTHORITY TO TRANSFER INDIVIDUALS DETAINED AT UNITED STATES 
              NAVAL STATION, GUANTANAMO BAY, CUBA, TO THE UNITED STATES 
              TEMPORARILY FOR EMERGENCY OR CRITICAL MEDICAL TREATMENT.

    (a) Temporary Transfer for Medical Treatment.--Notwithstanding 
section 1033 of the John S. McCain National Defense Authorization Act 
for Fiscal Year 2019 (Public Law 115-232), or any similar provision of 
law enacted after September 30, 2015, the Secretary of Defense may, 
after consultation with the Secretary of Homeland Security, temporarily 
transfer an individual detained at Guantanamo to a Department of 
Defense medical facility in the United States for the sole purpose of 
providing the individual medical treatment if the Secretary of Defense 
determines that--
            (1) the medical treatment of the individual is necessary to 
        prevent death or imminent significant injury or harm to the 
        health of the individual;
            (2) the necessary medical treatment is not available to be 
        provided at United States Naval Station, Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, 
        without incurring excessive and unreasonable costs; and
            (3) the Department of Defense has provided for appropriate 
        security measures for the custody and control of the individual 
        during any period in which the individual is temporarily in the 
        United States under this section.
    (b) Limitation on Exercise of Authority.--The authority of the 
Secretary of Defense under subsection (a) may be exercised only by the 
Secretary of Defense or another official of the Department of Defense 
at the level of Under Secretary of Defense or higher.
    (c) Conditions of Transfer.--An individual who is temporarily 
transferred under the authority in subsection (a) shall--
            (1) while in the United States, remain in the custody and 
        control of the Secretary of Defense at all times; and
            (2) be returned to United States Naval Station, Guantanamo 
        Bay, Cuba, as soon as feasible after a Department of Defense 
        physician determines, in consultation with the Commander, Joint 
        Task Force-Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, that any necessary follow-up 
        medical care may reasonably be provided the individual at 
        United States Naval Station, Guantanamo Bay.
    (d) Status While in United States.--An individual who is 
temporarily transferred under the authority in subsection (a), while in 
the United States--
            (1) shall be deemed at all times and in all respects to be 
        in the uninterrupted custody of the Secretary of Defense, as 
        though the individual remained physically at United States 
        Naval Station, Guantanamo Bay, Cuba;
            (2) shall not at any time be subject to, and may not apply 
        for or obtain, or be deemed to enjoy, any right, privilege, 
        status, benefit, or eligibility for any benefit under any 
        provision of the immigration laws (as defined in section 
        101(a)(17) of the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 
        1101(a)(17)), or any other law or regulation;
            (3) shall not be permitted to avail himself of any right, 
        privilege, or benefit of any law of the United States beyond 
        those available to individuals detained at United States Naval 
        Station, Guantanamo Bay; and
            (4) shall not, as a result of such transfer, have a change 
        in any designation that may have attached to that detainee 
        while detained at United States Naval Station, Guantanamo Bay, 
        pursuant to the Authorization for Use of Military Force (Public 
        Law 107-40), as determined in accordance with applicable law 
        and regulations.
    (e) No Cause of Action.--Any decision to transfer or not to 
transfer an individual made under the authority in subsection (a) shall 
not give rise to any claim or cause of action.
    (f) Limitation on Judicial Review.--
            (1) Limitation.--Except as provided in paragraph (2), no 
        court, justice, or judge shall have jurisdiction to hear or 
        consider any claim or action against the United States or its 
        departments, agencies, officers, employees, or agents arising 
        from or relating to any aspect of the detention, transfer, 
        treatment, or conditions of confinement of an individual 
        transferred under this section.
            (2) Exception for habeas corpus.--The United States 
        District Court for the District of Columbia shall have 
        exclusive jurisdiction to consider an application for writ of 
        habeas corpus seeking release from custody filed by or on 
        behalf of an individual who is in the United States pursuant to 
        a temporary transfer under the authority in subsection (a). 
        Such jurisdiction shall be limited to that required by the 
        Constitution, and relief shall be only as provided in paragraph 
        (3). In such a proceeding the court may not review, halt, or 
        stay the return of the individual who is the object of the 
        application to United States Naval Station, Guantanamo Bay, 
        Cuba, pursuant to subsection (c).
            (3) Relief.--A court order in a proceeding covered by 
        paragraph (2)--
                    (A) may not order the release of the individual 
                within the United States; and
                    (B) shall be limited to an order of release from 
                custody which, when final, the Secretary of Defense 
                shall implement in accordance with section 1034 of the 
                National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2016 
                (10 U.S.C. 801 note).
    (g) Notification.--Whenever a temporary transfer of an individual 
detained at Guantanamo is made under the authority of subsection (a), 
the Secretary of Defense shall notify the Committees on Armed Services 
of the Senate and the House of Representatives of the transfer not 
later than five days after the date on which the transfer is made.
    (h) Individual Detained at Guantanamo Defined.--In this section, 
the term ``individual detained at Guantanamo'' means an individual 
located at United States Naval Station, Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, as of 
October 1, 2009, who--
            (1) is not a national of the United States (as defined in 
        section 101(a)(22) of the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 
        U.S.C. 1101(a)(22)) or a member of the Armed Forces of the 
        United States; and
            (2) is--
                    (A) in the custody or under the control of the 
                Department of Defense; or
                    (B) otherwise detained at United States Naval 
                Station, Guantanamo Bay.
    (i) Applicability.--This section shall apply to an individual 
temporarily transferred under the authority in subsection (a) 
regardless of the status of any pending or completed proceeding or 
detention on the date of the enactment of this Act.

SEC. 1026. CHIEF MEDICAL OFFICER AT UNITED STATES NAVAL STATION, 
              GUANTANAMO BAY, CUBA.

    (a) Chief Medical Officer.--
            (1) In general.--There shall be at United States Naval 
        Station, Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, a Chief Medical Officer of 
        United States Naval Station, Guantanamo Bay (in this section 
        referred to as the ``Chief Medical Officer'').
            (2) Grade.--The individual serving as Chief Medical Officer 
        shall be an officer of the Armed Forces who holds a grade not 
        below the grade of colonel, or captain in the Navy.
            (3) Chain of command.--The Chief Medical Officer shall 
        report to the Assistant Secretary of Defense for Health Affairs 
        in the performance of duties and the exercise of powers of the 
        Chief Medical Officer under this section.
    (b) Duties.--
            (1) In general.--The Chief Medical Officer shall oversee 
        the provision of medical care to individuals detained at 
        Guantanamo.
            (2) Quality of care.--The Chief Medical Officer shall 
        ensure that medical care provided as described in paragraph (1) 
        meets applicable standards of care.
    (c) Powers.--
            (1) In general.--The Chief Medical Officer shall make 
        medical determinations relating to medical care for individuals 
        detained at Guantanamo, including--
                    (A) decisions regarding assessment, diagnosis, and 
                treatment; and
                    (B) determinations concerning medical 
                accommodations to living conditions and operating 
                procedures for detention facilities.
            (2) Resolution of declination to follow determinations.--If 
        the commander of Joint Task Force Guantanamo declines to follow 
        a determination of the Chief Medical Officer under paragraph 
        (1), the matter covered by such determination shall be jointly 
        resolved by the Assistant Secretary of Defense for Special 
        Operations and Low Intensity Conflict and the Assistant 
        Secretary of Defense for Health Affairs not later than seven 
        days after receipt of notification of the matter by either 
        Assistant Secretary.
            (3) Security clearances.--The appropriate departments or 
        agencies of the Federal Government shall, to the extent 
        practicable in accordance with existing procedures and 
        requirements, process expeditiously any application and 
        adjudication for a security clearance required by the Chief 
        Medical Officer to carry out the Chief Medical Officer's duties 
        and powers under this section.
    (d) Access to Individuals, Information, and Assistance.--
            (1) In general.--The Chief Medical Officer may secure 
        directly from the Department of Defense access to any 
        individual, information, or assistance that the Chief Medical 
        Officer considers necessary to enable the Chief Medical Officer 
        to carry out this section, including full access to the 
        following:
                    (A) Any individual detained at Guantanamo.
                    (B) Any medical records of any individual detained 
                at Guantanamo.
                    (C) Medical professionals of the Department who are 
                working, or have worked, at United States Naval 
                Station, Guantanamo Bay.
            (2) Access upon request.--Upon request of the Chief Medical 
        Officer, the Department shall make available to the Chief 
        Medical Officer on an expeditious basis access to individuals, 
        information, and assistance as described in paragraph (1).
            (3) Lack of expeditious availability.--If access to 
        individuals, information, or assistance is not made available 
        to the Chief Medical Officer upon request on an expeditious 
        basis as required by paragraph (2), the Chief Medical Officer 
        shall notify the Assistant Secretary of Defense for Health 
        Affairs, who shall take actions to resolve the matter 
        expeditiously.
    (e) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) Individual detained at guantanamo defined.--The term 
        ``individual detained at Guantanamo'' means an individual 
        located at United States Naval Station, Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, 
        as of October 1, 2009, who--
                    (A) is not a national of the United States (as 
                defined in section 101(a)(22) of the Immigration and 
                Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1101(a)(22)) or a member of 
                the Armed Forces of the United States; and
                    (B) is--
                            (i) in the custody or under the control of 
                        the Department of Defense; or
                            (ii) otherwise detained at United States 
                        Naval Station, Guantanamo Bay.
            (2) Medical care.--The term ``medical care'' means physical 
        and mental health care.
            (3) Standard of care.--The term ``standard of care'' means 
        evaluation and treatment that is accepted by medical experts 
        and reflected in peer-reviewed medical literature as the 
        appropriate medical approach for a condition, symptoms, 
        illness, or disease and that is widely used by healthcare 
        professionals.

         Subtitle E--Miscellaneous Authorities and Limitations

SEC. 1031. CLARIFICATION OF AUTHORITY OF MILITARY COMMISSIONS UNDER 
              CHAPTER 47A OF TITLE 10, UNITED STATES CODE, TO PUNISH 
              CONTEMPT.

    (a) Clarification.--
            (1) In general.--Subchapter IV of chapter 47A of title 10, 
        United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the 
        following new section:
``Sec. 949o-1. Contempt
    ``(a) Authority to Punish.--(1) With respect to any proceeding 
under this chapter, a judicial officer specified in paragraph (2) may 
punish for contempt any person who--
            ``(A) uses any menacing word, sign, or gesture in the 
        presence of the judicial officer during the proceeding;
            ``(B) disturbs the proceeding by any riot or disorder; or
            ``(C) willfully disobeys a lawful writ, process, order, 
        rule, decree, or command issued with respect to the proceeding.
    ``(2) A judicial officer referred to in paragraph (1) is any of the 
following:
            ``(A) Any judge of the United States Court of Military 
        Commission Review.
            ``(B) Any military judge detailed to a military commission 
        or any other proceeding under this chapter.
    ``(b) Punishment.--The punishment for contempt under subsection (a) 
may not exceed confinement for 30 days, a fine of $1,000, or both.
    ``(c) Review.--(1) A punishment under this section--
            ``(A) is not reviewable by the convening authority of a 
        military commission under this chapter;
            ``(B) if imposed by a military judge, shall constitute a 
        judgment, subject to review in the first instance only by the 
        United States Court of Military Commission Review and then only 
        by the United States Court of Appeals for the District of 
        Columbia Circuit; and
            ``(C) if imposed by a judge of the United States Court of 
        Military Commission Review, shall constitute a judgment of the 
        court subject to review only by the United States Court of 
        Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit.
    ``(2) In reviewing a punishment for contempt imposed under this 
section, the reviewing court shall affirm such punishment unless the 
court finds that imposing such punishment was an abuse of the 
discretion of the judicial officer who imposed such punishment.
    ``(3) A petition for review of punishment for contempt imposed 
under this section shall be filed not later than 60 days after the date 
on which the authenticated record upon which the contempt punishment is 
based and any contempt proceedings conducted by the judicial officer 
are served on the person punished for contempt.
    ``(d) Punishment Not Conviction.--Punishment for contempt is not a 
conviction or sentence within the meaning of section 949m of this 
title. The imposition of punishment for contempt is not governed by 
other provisions of this chapter applicable to military commissions, 
except that the Secretary of Defense may prescribe procedures for 
contempt proceedings and punishments, pursuant to the authority 
provided in section 949a of this title.''.
            (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at the 
        beginning of subchapter IV of such chapter is amended by adding 
        at the end the following new item:

``949o-1. Contempt.''.
    (b) Conforming Amendments.--Section 950t of title 10, United States 
Code, is amended--
            (1) by striking paragraph (31); and
            (2) by redesignating paragraph (32) as paragraph (31).
    (c) Rule of Construction.--The amendments made by subsections (a) 
and (b) shall not be construed to affect the lawfulness of any 
punishment for contempt adjudged prior to the effective date of such 
amendments.
    (d) Applicability.--The amendments made by subsections (a) and (b) 
shall take effect on the date of the enactment of this Act, and shall 
apply with respect to conduct by a person that occurs on or after such 
date.

SEC. 1032. COMPREHENSIVE DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE POLICY ON COLLECTIVE 
              SELF-DEFENSE.

    (a) Comprehensive Policy Required.--The Secretary of Defense shall 
prescribe a comprehensive written policy for the Department of Defense 
on the issuance of authorization for, and the provision by members and 
units of the United States Armed Forces of, collective self-defense to 
designated foreign nationals, their facilities, and their property.
    (b) Elements.--The policy required by subsection (a) shall address 
the following:
            (1) Each basis under domestic and international law 
        pursuant to which a member or unit of the United States Armed 
        Forces has been or may be authorized to provide collective 
        self-defense to designated foreign nationals, their facilities, 
        or their property under each circumstance as follows:
                    (A) Inside an area of active hostilities, or in a 
                country or territory in which United States forces are 
                authorized to conduct or support direct action 
                operations.
                    (B) Outside an area of active hostilities, or in a 
                country or territory in which United States forces are 
                not authorized to conduct direct action military 
                operations.
                    (C) When United States personnel, facilities, or 
                equipment are not threatened, including both as 
                described in subparagraph (A) and as described in 
                subparagraph (B).
                    (D) When members of the United States Armed Forces 
                are not participating in a military operation as part 
                of an international coalition.
                    (E) Any other circumstance not encompassed by 
                subparagraphs (A) through (D) in which a member or unit 
                of the United States Armed Forces has been or may be 
                authorized to provide such collective self-defense.
            (2) A list and explanation of any limitations imposed by 
        law or policy on the provision of collective self-defense to 
        designated foreign nationals, their facilities, and their 
        property under any of the bases in domestic or international 
        law in the circumstances enumerated in paragraph (1), and the 
        conditions under which any such limitation applies.
            (3) The procedure by which a proposal that any member or 
        unit of the United States Armed Forces provide collective self-
        defense in support of designated foreign nationals, their 
        facilities, and their property is to be submitted, processed, 
        and endorsed through offices, officers, and officials of the 
        Department to the applicable approval authority for final 
        decision, and a list of any information, advice, or opinion to 
        be included with such proposal in order to inform appropriate 
        action on such proposal by such approval authority.
            (4) The title and duty position of any officers and 
        officials of the Department empowered to render a final 
        decision on a proposal described in paragraph (3), and the 
        conditions applicable to, and limitations on, the exercise of 
        such decisionmaking authority by each such officer or official.
            (5) A description of the Rules of Engagement applicable to 
        the provision of collective self-defense to designated foreign 
        nationals, their facilities, and their property under any of 
        the bases in domestic or international law in the circumstances 
        enumerated in paragraph (1), and the conditions under which any 
        such Rules of Engagement would be modified.
            (6) A description of the process through which policy 
        guidance pertaining to the authorization for, and the provision 
        by members of the United States Armed Forces of, collective 
        self-defense to designated foreign nationals, their facilities, 
        and their property is to be disseminated to the level of 
        tactical execution.
            (7) Such other matters as the Secretary considers 
        appropriate.
    (c) Report on Policy.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than 60 days after the date of 
        the enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall submit to the 
        congressional defense committees a report setting forth the 
        policy required by subsection (a).
            (2) DoD general counsel statement.--The Secretary shall 
        include in the report under paragraph (1) a statement by the 
        General Counsel of the Department of Defense as to whether the 
        policy prescribed pursuant to subsection (a) is consistent with 
        domestic and international law.
            (3) Form.--The report required by paragraph (1) may be 
        submitted in classified form.
    (d) Briefing on Policy.--Not later than 30 days after the date of 
the submittal of the report required by subsection (c), the Secretary 
shall provide the congressional defense committees a classified 
briefing on the policy prescribed pursuant to subsection (a). The 
briefing shall make use of vignettes designated to illustrate real 
world application of the policy in each the circumstances enumerated in 
subsection (b)(1).

SEC. 1033. OVERSIGHT OF DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE EXECUTE ORDERS.

    (a) Review of Execute Orders.--Upon a written request by the 
Chairman or Ranking Member of a congressional defense committee, the 
Secretary of Defense shall provide the committee, including 
appropriately designated staff of the committee, with an execute order 
approved by the Secretary or the commander of a combatant command for 
reveiw within 30 days of receiving the written request.
    (b) Exception.--
            (1) In general.--In extraordinary circumstances necessary 
        to protect operations security, the sensitivity of the execute 
        order, or other appropriate considerations, the Secretary may 
        limit review of an execute order.
            (2) Summary and other information.--In extraordinary 
        circumstances described in paragraph (1) with respect to an 
        execute order, the Secretary shall provide the committee 
        concerned, including appropriately designated staff of the 
        committee, a detailed summary of the execute order and other 
        information necessary for the conduct of the oversight duties 
        of the committee within 30 days of receiving the written 
        request under subsection (a).

SEC. 1034. PROHIBITION ON OWNERSHIP OR TRADING OF STOCKS IN CERTAIN 
              COMPANIES BY DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE OFFICERS AND 
              EMPLOYEES.

    (a) Prohibition on Ownership and Trading by Certain Senior 
Officials.--
            (1) Prohibition.--An official of the Department of Defense 
        described in paragraph (2) may not own or trade a publicly 
        traded stock of a company if, during the preceding calendar 
        year, the company received more than $1,000,000,000 in revenue 
        from the Department of Defense, including through one or more 
        contracts with the Department.
            (2) Department of defense officials.--An official of the 
        Department of Defense described in this paragraph is any 
        current Department of Defense official described by section 
        847(c) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
        Year 2008 (10 U.S.C. 1701 note).
            (3) Administrative actions.--In the event that an official 
        of the Department of Defense described in subsection (a) 
        knowingly fails to comply with the requirements of this 
        subsection, the Secretary of Defense may take administrative 
        action against the official, including suspension or 
        termination, in accordance with the procedures otherwise 
        applicable to administrative actions against such officials.
    (b) Prohibition on Ownership and Trading by All Officers and 
Employees.--An officer or employee of the Department of Defense may not 
own or trade a publicly traded stock of a company that is a contractor 
or subcontractor of the Department if the Office of Standards and 
Compliance of the Office of the General Counsel of the Department of 
Defense determines that the value of the stock may be directly or 
indirectly influenced by any official action of the officer or employee 
for the Department.
    (c) Inapplicability to Mutual Funds.--For purposes of this section, 
publically-traded stock does not include a widely-held investment fund 
described in section 102(f)(8) of the Ethics in Government Act of 1978 
(5 U.S.C. App.).

SEC. 1035. POLICY REGARDING THE TRANSITION OF DATA AND APPLICATIONS TO 
              THE CLOUD.

    (a) Policy Required.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Chief Information Officer of the Department 
of Defense and the Chief Data Officer of the Department shall, in 
consultation with the J6 of the Joint Staff and the Chief Management 
Officer, develop and issue enterprise-wide policy and implementing 
instructions regarding the transition of data and applications to the 
cloud under the Department cloud strategy in accordance with subsection 
(b).
    (b) Design.--The policy required by subsection (a) shall be 
designed to dramatically improve support to operational missions and 
management processes, including by the use of artificial intelligence 
and machine learning technologies, by--
            (1) making the data of the Department available to support 
        new types of analyses;
            (2) preventing, to the maximum extent practicable, the 
        replication in the cloud of data stores that cannot readily be 
        accessed by applications for which the data stores were not 
        originally engineered;
            (3) ensuring that data sets can be readily discovered and 
        combined with others to enable new insights and capabilities; 
        and
            (4) ensuring that data and applications are readily 
        portable and not tightly coupled to a specific cloud 
        infrastructure or platform.

SEC. 1036. MODERNIZATION OF INSPECTION AUTHORITIES APPLICABLE TO THE 
              NATIONAL GUARD AND EXTENSION OF INSPECTION AUTHORITY TO 
              THE CHIEF OF THE NATIONAL GUARD BUREAU.

    (a) Modernization of Inspection Authorities of Secretaries of the 
Army and Air Force.--Subsection (a) of section 105 of title 32, United 
States Code, is amended--
            (1) in the matter preceding paragraph (1)--
                    (A) by striking ``by him, the Secretary of the Army 
                shall have'' and inserting ``by such Secretary, the 
                Secretary of the Army and the Secretary of the Air 
                Force shall each have'';
                    (B) by striking ``, if necessary,''; and
                    (C) by striking ``the Regular Army'' and inserting 
                ``the Regular Army or the Regular Air Force'';
            (2) by striking ``Army National Guard'' each place it 
        appears and inserting ``Army National Guard or Air National 
        Guard''; and
            (3) by striking the flush matter following paragraph (7).
    (b) Inspection Authority of Chief of the National Guard Bureau.--
Such section is further amended by adding at the end the following new 
subsection:
    ``(c) Under regulations prescribed by the Chief of the National 
Guard Bureau, the Chief of the National Guard Bureau may have an 
inspection made by inspectors general, or by commissioned officers of 
the Army National Guard of the United States or the Air National Guard 
of the United States detailed for that purpose, in order to determine 
the following:
            ``(1) Whether the units and members of the Army National 
        Guard comply with Federal law and policy applicable to the 
        National Guard, including policies issued by the Department of 
        Defense, the Department of the Army, and the National Guard 
        Bureau.
            ``(2) Whether the units and members of the Air National 
        Guard comply with Federal law and policy applicable to the 
        National Guard, including policies issued by the Department of 
        Defense, the Department of the Air Force, and the National 
        Guard Bureau.''.

SEC. 1037. ENHANCEMENT OF AUTHORITIES ON FORFEITURE OF FEDERAL BENEFITS 
              BY THE NATIONAL GUARD.

    (a) In General.--The text of section 108 of title 32, United States 
Code, is amended to read as follows:
    ``(a) Availability of Funds Contingent on Compliance With Federal 
Law and Policy.--The availability of Federal funds provided to the 
National Guard of individual States is contingent upon compliance with 
Federal law and policy applicable to the National Guard.
    ``(b) Bar of States for Failure To Comply.--If, within a time fixed 
by the President, a State fails to comply with Federal law or policy 
applicable to the National Guard, a requirement of this title, or a 
regulation prescribed under this title, the National Guard of that 
State is barred, in whole or in part (as the President may prescribe), 
from receiving such money or other aid, benefit, or privilege 
authorized by law with respect to the National Guard of that State as 
the President may prescribe.
    ``(c) Bar or Withdrawal of Recognition of Officers for Failure To 
Comply.--If, within a time fixed by the President, an officer of the 
National Guard fails to comply with Federal law or policy applicable to 
the National Guard, the President may bar the officer from receiving 
Federal funds, or withdraw the officer's Federal recognition under 
section 323 of this title.
    ``(d) Bar or Withdrawal of Recognition of Units for Failure To 
Comply.--If, within a time fixed by the President, a unit of the 
National Guard fails to comply with Federal law or policy applicable to 
the National Guard, the President may bar the unit from receiving 
Federal funds, or withdraw the unit's Federal recognition.
    ``(e) Advance Notice to Congress on Final Actions.--Before taking a 
final action under subsection (c) or (d), President shall notify the 
Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of 
Representatives of such final action.
    ``(f) Limitation on Delegation of Final Actions.--The President may 
not delegate the authority to take a final action under subsection (c) 
or (d) to any official other than the Secretary of Defense.''.
    (b) Effective Date.--The amendment made by subsection (a) shall 
take effect on October 1, 2019, and shall apply with respect to amounts 
authorized to be appropriated for fiscal years that begin on or after 
that date.

SEC. 1038. MODERNIZATION OF AUTHORITIES ON PROPERTY AND FISCAL OFFICERS 
              OF THE NATIONAL GUARD.

    (a) Property and Fiscal Officer for Each State From NGB.--Section 
708 of title 32, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) by striking subsection (a) and inserting the following 
        new subsection (a):
    ``(a) Property and Fiscal Officer for Each State.--(1) The Chief of 
the National Guard Bureau shall assign, designate, or detail, subject 
to the approval of the Secretary of the Army or the Secretary of the 
Air Force, as applicable, a qualified commissioned officer ordered to 
active duty in the National Guard Bureau under section 12402(a) of 
title 10 to be the property and fiscal officer of each State, 
Territory, and the District of Columbia.
    ``(2)(A) An officer may not be assigned, designated, or detailed as 
the property and fiscal officer of a State, Territory, or the District 
of Columbia under paragraph (1) if the officer has served within such 
jurisdiction during the 36 months preceding such assignment, 
designation, or detail.
    ``(B) The Secretary of the Army or the Secretary of the Air Force 
may waive the applicability of subparagraph (A) to the assignment, 
designation, or detail of a particular officer if such Secretary 
considers the waiver to be in the best interests of the State, 
Territory, or District of Columbia, as applicable, concerned.
    ``(3) An officer assigned, designated, or detailed as a property 
and fiscal officer under paragraph (1) shall, while so serving as such 
an officer, serve in a grade commensurate with the functions and 
responsibilities of the officer, but not above the grade of colonel.''; 
and
            (2) by striking subsection (d).
    (b) Support Staff.--Such section is further amended--
            (1) by redesignating subsections (b) and (c) as subsections 
        (c) and (d), respectively; and
            (2) by inserting after subsection (a), as amended by 
        subsection (a) of this section, the following new subsection 
        (b):
    ``(b) Support Staff.--The Chief of the National Guard Bureau shall 
assign, designate, or detail other personnel of the National Guard 
Bureau to serve as the Federal support staff for the property and 
fiscal officer for the National Guard of each State, Territory, or the 
District of Columbia under subsection (a).''.
    (c) Responsibilities.--Subsection (c) of such section, as 
redesignated by subsection (b)(1) of this section, is amended--
            (1) by inserting ``Responsibilities of Officers.--'' after 
        ``(c)'';
            (2) in paragraph (1), by striking ``he'' and inserting 
        ``such officer''; and
            (3) in paragraph (2), by inserting ``, the Chief of Staff 
        of the Army or the Chief of Staff of the Air Force (as 
        applicable), or the Chief of the National Guard Bureau'' before 
        the period at the end.
    (d) Other Matters.--Such section is further amended--
            (1) by striking subsection (d), as redesignated by 
        subsection (b)(1) of this section; and
            (2) by striking subsection (e).
    (e) Intrustment of Monies.--Such section is further amended--
            (1) by redesignating subsection (f) as subsection (d); and
            (2) in subsection (d), as so redesignated--
                    (A) by inserting ``Intrustment of Monies.--'' after 
                ``(d)'';
                    (B) by striking ``an officer'' and inserting ``a 
                Federally recognized officer'';
                    (C) by striking ``him'' and inserting ``such agent 
                officer''; and
                    (D) by striking ``he'' and inserting ``the agent 
                officer''.

SEC. 1039. LIMITATION ON PLACEMENT BY THE UNDER SECRETARY OF DEFENSE 
              FOR PERSONNEL AND READINESS OF WORK WITH FEDERALLY FUNDED 
              RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT CENTERS.

    (a) Limitation.--The Under Secretary of Defense for Personnel and 
Readiness may not place any work with a federally funded research and 
development center (FFRDC) until the Under Secretary submits to the 
Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of 
Representatives a report on all studies, reports, and other analyses 
being undertaken for the Under Secretary as of the date of the report 
by federally funded research and development centers.
    (b) Elements.--The report required by subsection (a) shall set 
forth the following:
            (1) A list of each study, report, and analysis described by 
        subsection (a).
            (2) For each study, report, or analysis, the following:
                    (A) Title.
                    (B) Federally funded research and development 
                center undertaking.
                    (C) Amount of contract.
                    (D) Anticipated completion date.

SEC. 1040. TERMINATION OF REQUIREMENT FOR DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE 
              FACILITY ACCESS CLEARANCES FOR JOINT VENTURES COMPOSED OF 
              PREVIOUSLY-CLEARED ENTITIES.

    A clearance for access to a Department of Defense installation or 
facility may not be required for a joint venture if that joint venture 
is composed entirely of entities that are currently cleared for access 
to such installation or facility.

SEC. 1041. DESIGNATION OF DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE STRATEGIC ARCTIC PORTS.

    (a) Findings.--Congress makes the following findings:
            (1) The strategic importance of the Arctic continues to 
        increase as the United States and other countries recognize the 
        military significance of the sea lanes and choke points within 
        the region and understand the potential for power projection 
        from the Arctic into multiple regions.
            (2) On January 19, 2018, Secretary of Defense James Mattis 
        released the document titled ``2018 National Defense Strategy 
        of the United States of America'' in which the Secretary 
        outlined the reemergence of long-term, strategic competition by 
        countries classified by the National Security Strategy as 
        revisionist powers.
            (3) Russia and China have conducted military exercises 
        together in the Arctic, have agreed to connect the Northern Sea 
        Route, claimed by Russia, with China's Maritime Silk Road, and 
        are working together in developing natural gas resources in the 
        Arctic.
            (4) The Government of the Russian Federation--
                    (A) has prioritized the development of Arctic 
                capabilities and has made significant investments in 
                military infrastructure in the Arctic, including the 
                creation of a new Arctic Command and the construction 
                or refurbishment of 16 deepwater ports and 14 airfields 
                in the region;
                    (B) has approximately 40 icebreakers as of May 
                2019, including several nuclear-powered icebreakers, is 
                currently constructing four icebreakers, and is 
                planning to build an additional eight icebreakers; and
                    (C) conducted the largest military exercise since 
                the 1980s, Vostok 2018, which included--
                            (i) 300,000 troops;
                            (ii) 1,000 aircraft;
                            (iii) 80 ships;
                            (iv) 36,000 vehicles; and
                            (v) notably, 3,200 Chinese troops, 30 
                        Chinese rotary and fixed-wing aircraft, and 900 
                        Chinese tanks.
            (5) The Government of the People's Republic of China--
                    (A) released, in January 2018, its new Arctic 
                Strategy, the Polar Silk Road, in which it declares 
                itself as a ``near-Arctic state'', even though its 
                nearest territory to the Arctic is 900 miles away;
                    (B) has publicly stated that it seeks to expand its 
                ``Belt and Road Initiative'' to the Arctic region, 
                including current investment in the natural gas fields 
                in the Yamal Peninsula in Russia, rare-earth element 
                mines in Greenland, and the real estate, alternative 
                energy, and fisheries in Iceland; and
                    (C) has shown great interest in expanding its 
                Arctic presence, including through--
                            (i) the operation of research vessels in 
                        the region;
                            (ii) the recent construction of the Xuelong 
                        2, or Snow Dragon II, the only polar research 
                        boat vessel in the world that can break ice 
                        while going forward or backward;
                            (iii) a freedom of navigation operation in 
                        the Aleutian Islands in 2015; and
                            (iv) its recent plans to develop a 33,000 
                        ton nuclear-powered icebreaker.
            (6) The economic significance of the Arctic continues to 
        grow as countries around the globe begin to understand the 
        potential for maritime transportation through, and economic and 
        trade development in, the region.
            (7) The Arctic is home to 13 percent of the world's 
        undiscovered oil, 30 percent of its undiscovered gas, an 
        abundance of uranium, rare earth minerals, gold, diamonds, and 
        millions of square miles of untapped resources, including 
        abundant fisheries.
            (8) The Bering Strait is experiencing significant increases 
        in international traffic from vessels transiting the Northern 
        Sea Route, increases which are projected to continue if 
        decreases in sea ice coverage continue.
            (9) Along a future ice-free Arctic shipping route, a ship 
        sailing from South Korea to Germany would have an average 
        travel time of just 23 days, compared to 34 days via the Suez 
        Canal and 46 days via the Cape of Good Hope.
            (10) In a speech at the Arctic Forum in September 2011, 
        Russian Federation President Vladimir Putin highlighted the 
        Northern Sea Route as a potential alternative to the Suez Canal 
        and has publicly stated plans to invest $11,400,000,000 along 
        the Northern Sea Route by 2024.
            (11) Increases in human, maritime, and resource development 
        activity in the Arctic region are expected to create additional 
        mission requirements for the Department of Defense and the 
        Department of Homeland Security, given--
                    (A) the strategic focus of the Government of the 
                Russian Federation and the Government of the People's 
                Republic of China on the Arctic;
                    (B) overlapping territorial claims; and
                    (C) the potential for maritime accidents, oil 
                spills, and illegal fishing near the exclusive economic 
                zone of the United States.
            (12) The increasing role of the United States in the Arctic 
        has been highlighted in each of the last four National Defense 
        Authorization Acts.
            (13) Section 1068 of the National Defense Authorization Act 
        for Fiscal Year 2016 (Public Law 114-92; 129 Stat. 992) 
        required a new Department of Defense strategy to protect United 
        States national security interests in the Arctic region.
            (14) Section 1095 of the National Defense Authorization Act 
        for Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328; 130 Stat. 2438) 
        required the Department of Defense to create criteria to 
        designate a Department of Defense Strategic Arctic Port.
            (15) Section 122 of the National Defense Authorization Act 
        for Fiscal Year 2018 (Public Law 115-91; 131 Stat. 1310) 
        authorized the procurement of one polar-class heavy icebreaker 
        vessel.
            (16) Section 151 of the John S. McCain National Defense 
        Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2019 (Public Law 115-232) 
        authorized the procurement of five additional polar-class 
        icebreaker vessels and expressed that the Coast Guard should--
                    (A) maintain an inventory of not fewer than six 
                polar-class icebreaker vessels;
                    (B) award a contract for the first new polar-class 
                icebreaker not later than fiscal year 2019 and deliver 
                the icebreaker not later than fiscal year 2023; and
                    (C) deliver the second through sixth polar-class 
                icebreakers at a rate of one vessel per year in fiscal 
                years 2025 through 2029.
            (17) In January 2017, the Department of Defense released a 
        report entitled ``Report to Congress on Strategy to Protect 
        United States National Security Interests in the Arctic 
        Region'' to update ``the ways and means'' the Department of 
        Defense intends to use to achieve its objectives as it 
        implements the 2013 National Strategy for the Arctic Region, 
        including--
                    (A) enhancing the capability of United States 
                forces to defend the homeland and exercise sovereignty;
                    (B) strengthening deterrence at home and abroad;
                    (C) preserving freedom of the seas in the Arctic; 
                and
                    (D) evolving the infrastructure and capabilities of 
                the Department in the Arctic consistent with changing 
                conditions and needs.
            (18) The United States Coast Guard Arctic Strategic Outlook 
        released in April 2019 states, ``Demonstrating commitment to 
        operational presence, Canada, Denmark, and Norway have made 
        strategic investments in ice-capable patrol ships charged with 
        national or homeland security missions. [The United States] is 
        the only Arctic State that has not made similar investments in 
        ice-capable surface maritime security assets. This limits the 
        ability of the Coast Guard, and the Nation, to credibly uphold 
        sovereignty or respond to contingencies in the Arctic''.
            (19) On January 12, 2017, Secretary of Defense James Mattis 
        stated, ``The Arctic is key strategic terrain . . . Russia is 
        taking aggressive steps to increase its presence there . . . I 
        will prioritize the development of an integrated strategy for 
        the Arctic. I believe that our interests and the security of 
        the Arctic would benefit from increasing the focus of the 
        Department of Defense on this region''.
            (20) On January 9, 2019, Secretary of the Air Force Heather 
        Wilson and Chief of Staff of the Air Force General David 
        Goldfein wrote, ``. . . the Arctic has become even more 
        important to the nation. Both a northern approach to the United 
        States, as well as a critical location for projecting American 
        power, its geo-strategic significance is difficult to 
        overstate''.
            (21) On February 26, 2019, General John Hyten, Commander of 
        the United States Strategic Command, stated, ``In particular, 
        the Arctic is an area that we really need to focus on and 
        really look at investing. That is no longer a buffer zone. We 
        need to be able to operate there. We need to be able to 
        communicate there. We need to have a presence there that we 
        have not invested in in the same way that our adversaries have. 
        And they see that as a vulnerability from us, whereas it is 
        becoming a strength for them and it is a weakness for us, we 
        need to flip that equation''.
            (22) On February 26, 2019, General Terrence O'Shaughnessy, 
        Commander of the United States Northern Command stated, ``It 
        has become clear that defense of the homeland depends on our 
        ability to detect and defeat threats operating both in the 
        Arctic and passing through the Arctic. Russia's fielding of 
        advanced, long-range cruise missiles capable of flying through 
        the northern approaches and striking targets in the United 
        States and Canada has emerged as the dominant military threat 
        in the Arctic. . . . Meanwhile, China has declared that it is 
        not content to remain a mere observer in the Arctic and has 
        taken action to normalize its naval and commercial presence in 
        the region in order to increase its access to lucrative 
        resources and shipping routes. I view the Arctic as the front 
        line in the defense of the United States and Canada . . .''.
            (23) On May 6, 2019, Admiral Karl Schultz, Commandant of 
        the Coast Guard stated, ``We talk about the Arctic as a 
        competitive space. We've seen China, we see Russia investing 
        extensively. China built icebreakers in the time since we 
        updated our strategy. China's been operating off the Alaskan 
        Arctic for a good part of the last six years on an annual 
        basis. [The Coast Guard is] championing increased capabilities 
        in the Arctic . . . better communications, better domain 
        awareness . . . . I want to see the Arctic remain a peaceful 
        domain. China's a self-declared Arctic state. They're not one 
        of the eight Arctic nations, so for me, for the service, its 
        presence equals influence''.
            (24) On May 6, 2019, Secretary of State Mike Pompeo stated 
        that--
                    (A) the Arctic ``has become an arena for power and 
                for competition'', and the United States is ``entering 
                a new age of strategic engagement in the Arctic, 
                complete with new threats to the Arctic and its real 
                estate, and to all of our interests in that region.'';
                    (B) ``Arctic sea lanes could become the 21st 
                century Suez and Panama Canals.'';
                    (C) ``We're concerned about Russia's claim over the 
                international waters of the Northern Sea Route, 
                including its newly announced plans to connect it with 
                China's Maritime Silk Road.'';
                    (D) ``In the Northern Sea Route, Moscow already 
                illegally demands other nations request permission to 
                pass, requires Russian maritime pilots to be aboard 
                foreign ships, and threatens to use military force to 
                sink any that fail to comply with their demands.'';
                    (E) there is a ``pattern of aggressive Russian 
                behavior here in the Arctic'' and ``we know Russian 
                territorial ambitions can turn violent''; and
                    (F) we do not want ``the Arctic Ocean to transform 
                into a new South China Sea, fraught with militarization 
                and competing territorial claims'', nor do we want 
                ``the fragile Arctic environment exposed to the same 
                ecological devastation caused by China's fishing fleet 
                in the seas off its coast, or unregulated industrial 
                activity in its own country''.
            (25) On December 6, 2018, Secretary of the Navy Richard 
        Spencer stated, ``We need to have a strategic Arctic port up in 
        Alaska. We need to be doing FONOPs in the northwest - in the 
        northern passage. . . . peace through presence with a submarine 
        is a little tough''.
            (26) Meanwhile, the two closest strategic seaports, as 
        designated by the Department of Defense, to the Arctic Circle 
        are the Port of Anchorage and the Port of Tacoma, located 
        approximately 1,500 nautical miles and 2,400 nautical miles 
        away, respectively, and approximately 1,900 nautical miles and 
        2,800 nautical miles respectively from Barrow, Alaska.
            (27) The distance from Bangor, Maine, to Key West, Florida, 
        is approximately 1,450 nautical miles.
    (b) Sense of Congress.--It is the sense of Congress that--
            (1) the Arctic is a region of strategic importance to the 
        national security interests of the United States and the 
        Department of Defense must better align its presence, force 
        posture, and capabilities to meet the growing array of 
        challenges in the region; and
            (2) although much progress has been made to increase 
        awareness of Arctic issues and to promote increased presence in 
        the region, additional measures, including the designation of 
        one or more strategic Arctic ports, are needed to show the 
        commitment of the United States to this emerging strategic 
        choke point of future great power competition.
    (c) Report Required.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
        the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense, in 
        consultation with the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, 
        the Commanding General of the United States Army Corps of 
        Engineers, the Commandant of the Coast Guard, and the 
        Administrator of the Maritime Administration, shall submit to 
        the congressional defense committees a report evaluating 
        potential sites for one or more strategic ports in the Arctic.
            (2) Elements.--Consistent with the updated military 
        strategy for the protection of United States national security 
        interests in the Arctic region set forth in the report required 
        under section 1068 of the National Defense Authorization Act 
        for Fiscal Year 2016 (Public Law 114-92; 129 Stat. 992), the 
        report required under paragraph (1) shall include--
                    (A) an evaluation of the amount of sufficient and 
                suitable space needed to create capacity for port and 
                other necessary infrastructure for at least one of each 
                of type of Navy or Coast Guard vessel, including an 
                Arleigh Burke class destroyer of the Navy, a national 
                security cutter, and a heavy polar ice breaker of the 
                Coast Guard;
                    (B) an evaluation of the amount of sufficient and 
                suitable space needed to create capacity for equipment 
                and fuel storage, technological infrastructure, and 
                civil infrastructure to support military and civilian 
                operations, including--
                            (i) aerospace warning;
                            (ii) maritime surface and subsurface 
                        warning;
                            (iii) maritime control and defense;
                            (iv) maritime domain awareness;
                            (v) homeland defense;
                            (vi) defense support to civil authorities;
                            (vii) humanitarian relief;
                            (viii) search and rescue;
                            (ix) disaster relief;
                            (x) oil spill response;
                            (xi) medical stabilization and evacuation; 
                        and
                            (xii) meteorological measurements and 
                        forecasting;
                    (C) an identification of proximity and road access 
                required to an airport designated as a commercial 
                service airport by the Federal Aviation Administration 
                that is capable of supporting military and civilian 
                aircraft for operations designated in subparagraph (B);
                    (D) a description of the requirements, to include 
                infrastructure and installations, communications, and 
                logistics necessary to improve response effectiveness 
                to support military and civilian operations described 
                in subparagraph (B);
                    (E) an identification of the sites that the 
                Secretary recommends as potential sites for designation 
                as Department of Defense Strategic Arctic Ports;
                    (F) the estimated cost of sufficient construction 
                necessary to initiate and sustain expected operations 
                at such sites; and
                    (G) such other information as the Secretary deems 
                relevant.
    (d) Designation of Strategic Arctic Ports.--Not later than 90 days 
after the date on which the report required under subsection (c) is 
submitted, the Secretary of Defense, in consultation with the Chairman 
of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, the Commanding General of the United 
States Army Corps of Engineers, the Commandant of the Coast Guard, and 
the Administrator of the Maritime Administration, shall designate one 
or more ports as Department of Defense Strategic Arctic Ports from the 
sites identified under subsection (c)(2)(E).
    (e) Rule of Construction.--Nothing in this section may be construed 
to authorize any additional appropriations for the Department of 
Defense for the establishment of any port designated pursuant to this 
section.
    (f) Arctic Defined.--In this section, the term ``Arctic'' has the 
meaning given that term in section 112 of the Arctic Research and 
Policy Act of 1984 (15 U.S.C. 4111).

SEC. 1042. EXTENSION OF NATIONAL SECURITY COMMISSION ON ARTIFICIAL 
              INTELLIGENCE.

    (a) Extension.--Subsection (e) of section 1051 of the John S. 
McCain National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2019 (Public 
Law 115-232; 132 Stat. 1962) is amended by striking ``October 1, 2020'' 
and inserting ``March 1, 2021''.
    (b) Reports.--Subsection (c) of such section is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (1), by striking ``Not later than 180 days 
        after the date of the enactment of this Act'' and inserting 
        ``Not later than August 1, 2019'';
            (2) by redesignating paragraph (3) as paragraph (4); and
            (3) by inserting after paragraph (1) the following new 
        paragraphs:
            ``(2) Interim reports.--Not later than each of December 1, 
        2019, and December 1, 2020, the Commission shall submit as 
        described in that paragraph an interim report on the review 
        required under subsection (b).
            ``(3) Final report.--Not later than March 1, 2021, the 
        Commission shall submit as described in paragraph (1) a 
        comprehensive final report on the review required under 
        subsection (b).''.

SEC. 1043. AUTHORITY TO TRANSFER FUNDS FOR BIEN HOA DIOXIN CLEANUP.

    (a) Transfer Authority.--Notwithstanding section 2215 of title 10, 
United States Code, the Secretary of Defense may transfer to the 
Secretary of State, for use by the United States Agency for 
International Development, amounts to be used for the Bien Hoa dioxin 
cleanup in Vietnam.
    (b) Limitation on Amount.--Not more than $15,000,000 may be 
transferred in fiscal year 2020 under the authority in subsection (a).
    (c) Additional Transfer Authority.--The transfer authority in 
subsection (a) is in addition to any other transfer authority available 
to the Department of Defense.

SEC. 1044. LIMITATION ON USE OF FUNDS TO HOUSE CHILDREN SEPARATED FROM 
              PARENTS.

    (a) In General.--None of the amounts authorized to be appropriated 
by this Act to the Department of Defense for fiscal year 2020 may be 
used to house a child separated from a parent.
    (b) Child Separated From a Parent Defined.--The term ``child 
separated from a parent'' means a person who--
            (1) entered the United States, before attaining 18 years of 
        age, at a port of entry or between ports of entry; and
            (2) was separated from his or her parent or legal guardian 
        by the Department of Homeland Security, and the Department of 
        Homeland Security failed to demonstrate in a hearing that the 
        parent or legal guardian was unfit or presented a danger to the 
        child.

SEC. 1045. USE OF FUNDS FOR DEFENSE OF THE ARMED FORCES AND UNITED 
              STATES CITIZENS AGAINST ATTACK BY FOREIGN HOSTILE FORCES.

    Amounts authorized to be appropriated by this Act may be used to 
ensure the ability of the Armed Forces of the United States to defend 
themselves, and United States citizens, against attack by the 
government, military forces, or proxies of a foreign nation or by other 
hostile forces.

                    Subtitle F--Studies and Reports

SEC. 1051. MODIFICATION OF ANNUAL REPORTING REQUIREMENTS ON DEFENSE 
              MANPOWER.

    (a) Conversion of Annual Requirements Report Into Annual Profile 
Report.--Section 115a of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a)--
                    (A) in the matter preceding paragraph (1), by 
                striking the first two sentences and inserting the 
                following new sentence: ``Not later than April 1 each 
                year, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to Congress 
                a defense manpower profile report.'';
                    (B) in paragraph (1), by adding ``and'' at the end;
                    (C) in paragraph (2), by striking ``; and'' and 
                inserting a period; and
                    (D) by striking paragraph (3);
            (2) in subsection (b)--
                    (A) by striking ``(1)''; and
                    (B) by striking paragraphs (2) and (3);
            (3) in subsection (c), by striking ``the following:'' and 
        all that follows and inserting ``the manpower required for 
        support and overhead functions within the armed forces and the 
        Department of Defense.'';
            (4) by striking subsections (e) and (h); and
            (5) by redesignating subsections (f) and (g) as subsections 
        (e) and (f), respectively.
    (b) Conversion of Certain Current Report Elements Into Separate, 
Modified Reports.--Such section is further amended--
            (1) in subsection (e), as redesignated by subsection (a)(5) 
        of this section--
                    (A) in the matter preceding paragraph (1), by 
                striking ``The Secretary shall also include in each 
                such report'' and inserting ``Not later than June 1 
                each year, the Secretary shall submit to Congress a 
                report that sets forth''; and
                    (B) in paragraph (1), by striking ``and estimates 
                of such numbers for the current fiscal year and 
                subsequent fiscal years''; and
            (2) in subsection (f), as so redesignated--
                    (A) in the matter preceding paragraph (1), by 
                striking ``In each report submitted under subsection 
                (a), the Secretary shall also include a detailed 
                discussion'' and inserting ``Not later than September 1 
                each year, the Secretary shall submit to Congress a 
                report that sets forth a detailed discussion, current 
                as of the preceding fiscal year''; and
                    (B) by striking ``the year'' each place it appears 
                and inserting ``the fiscal year''.
    (c) Conforming and Clerical Amendments.--
            (1) Heading amendment.--The heading of such section is 
        amended to read as follows:
``Sec. 115a. Annual defense manpower profile report and related 
              reports''.
            (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at the 
        beginning of chapter 3 of such title is amended by striking the 
        item relating to section 115a and inserting the following new 
        item:

``115a. Annual defense manpower profile report and related reports.''.

SEC. 1052. REPORT ON DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE EFFORTS TO IMPLEMENT A FORCE 
              PLANNING PROCESS IN SUPPORT OF IMPLEMENTATION OF THE 2018 
              NATIONAL DEFENSE STRATEGY.

    (a) Report Required.--Not later than February 1, 2020, the Under 
Secretary of Defense for Policy shall submit to the congressional 
defense committees a report setting forth the plan and processes of the 
Department of Defense to provide analytic support to senior leaders of 
the Department for the force planning required to implement the 2018 
National Defense Strategy. The analytic support shall be designed to 
weigh options, examine tradeoffs across the joint force, and drive 
decisions on force sizing, shaping, capability, and concept development 
in order to address the threats outlined in the 2018 National Defense 
Strategy.
    (b) Elements.--The report required by subsection (a) shall include 
an assessment of the following:
            (1) The major elements, products, and milestones of the 
        force planning process of the Department.
            (2) The conclusions and recommendations of the Defense 
        Planning and Analysis Community initiative.
            (3) The progress of the Department in implementing the 
        recommendations of the Comptroller General of the United States 
        set forth in Government Accountability Office Report GAO-19-
        40C.
            (4) The progress of the Under Secretary, the Chairman of 
        the Joint Chiefs of Staff, and the Director of Cost Assessment 
        and Program Evaluation in implementing paragraph (5) of section 
        134(b) of title 10, United States Code, as added by section 
        902(b) of the John S. McCain National Defense Authorization Act 
        for Fiscal Year 2019 (Public Law 115-232).

SEC. 1053. EXTENSION OF ANNUAL REPORTS ON CIVILIAN CASUALTIES IN 
              CONNECTION WITH UNITED STATES MILITARY OPERATIONS.

    Section 1057(e) of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
Fiscal Year 2018 (Public Law 115-91; 131 Stat. 1572) is amended by 
striking ``the date this is five years after the date of the enactment 
of this Act'' and inserting ``December 31, 2025''.

SEC. 1054. REPORT ON JOINT FORCE PLAN FOR IMPLEMENTATION OF STRATEGIES 
              OF THE DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE FOR THE ARCTIC.

    (a) In General.--Not later than 270 days after the date on which 
the Secretary of Defense submits to the congressional defense 
committees the report on an updated Arctic strategy to improve and 
enhance joint operations required by section 1071 of the John S. McCain 
National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2019 (Public Law 
115-232), the Secretary of Defense shall, in coordination with the 
Secretary of the Army, the Secretary of the Navy, and the Secretary of 
the Air Force, submit to the congressional defense committees a joint 
force plan for implementation of the following:
            (1) The December 2016 Report to Congress on the Strategy to 
        Protect United States National Security Interests in the Arctic 
        Region.
            (2) The updated Arctic strategy to improve and enhance 
        joint operations.
    (b) Elements.--The report required by subsection (a) shall include 
the following in connection with the strategies for the Arctic referred 
to in that subsection:
            (1) A description of the specific means for--
                    (A) enhancing the capability of the Armed Forces to 
                defend the homeland and exercise sovereignty;
                    (B) strengthening deterrence at home and abroad;
                    (C) strengthening alliances and partnerships;
                    (D) preserving freedom of the seas in the Arctic;
                    (E) engaging public, private, and international 
                partners to improve domain awareness in the Arctic;
                    (F) developing Department of Defense Arctic 
                infrastructure and capabilities consistent with 
                changing conditions and needs;
                    (G) providing support to civil authorities, as 
                directed;
                    (H) partnering with other departments, agencies, 
                and countries to support human and environmental 
                security; and
                    (I) supporting international institutions that 
                promote regional cooperation and the rule of law.
            (2) An analysis of the operational and contingency plans 
        for the protection of United States national security interests 
        in the Arctic region.
            (3) A description of training, capability, and resource 
        gaps that must be addressed to execute each mission described 
        in the updated Arctic strategy.
            (4) A description of the current and projected Arctic 
        capabilities of the Russian Federation and the People's 
        Republic of China, and an analysis of United States 
        capabilities for satisfying--
                    (A) each mission described in the updated Arctic 
                strategy; and
                    (B) the strategic objectives in the National 
                Defense Strategy.
    (c) Form.--The report required by subsection (a) shall be submitted 
in unclassified form, but may include a classified annex.

SEC. 1055. REPORT ON USE OF NORTHERN TIER BASES IN IMPLEMENTATION OF 
              ARCTIC STRATEGY OF THE UNITED STATES.

    (a) In General.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense, in coordination with 
the Secretary of the Air Force, shall submit to the congressional 
defense committees a report outlining how bases in the northern 
latitudes, including Northern Tier bases, may be used in the 
implementation of--
            (1) recommendations included in the report submitted by the 
        Secretary of Defense to Congress in December 2016 entitled 
        ``Report to Congress on Strategy to Protect United States 
        National Security Interests in the Arctic Region''; and
            (2) the updated Arctic strategy to improve and enhance 
        joint operations required to be submitted to the congressional 
        defense committees under section 1071 of the John S. McCain 
        National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2019 (Public 
        Law 115-232).
    (b) Inclusion of Mission Sets.--The report under subsection (a) 
shall include a description of current and future mission sets at 
Northern Tier bases that may further the Arctic strategy of the United 
States.
    (c) Northern Tier Bases Defined.--In this section, the term 
``Northern Tier bases'' means installations in the continental United 
States that are located in States bordering Canada.

SEC. 1056. REPORT ON THE DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE PLAN FOR MASS-CASUALTY 
              DISASTER RESPONSE OPERATIONS IN THE ARCTIC.

    (a) Sense of Senate.--It is the sense of the Senate that--
            (1) the Department of Defense may be called upon to support 
        the Coast Guard and other agencies of the Department of 
        Homeland Security in responding to any mass-casualty disaster 
        response operations in the Arctic;
            (2) coordination between the Department of Defense and the 
        Coast Guard might be necessary for responding to a mass-
        casualty event in the Arctic; and
            (3) prior planning for Arctic mass-casualty disaster 
        response operations will bolster the response of the Federal 
        Government to a mass-casualty disaster in the Arctic 
        environment.
    (b) Report.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall, in coordination 
with the Secretary of Homeland Security, submit to the appropriate 
committees of Congress a report on the plan of the Department of 
Defense for assisting mass-casualty disaster response operations in the 
Arctic.
    (c) Elements.--The report required by subsection (b) shall include 
the following:
            (1) A description of the assets that could be made 
        available to support other agencies and departments of the 
        Federal Government for mass-casualty disaster response 
        operations in the Arctic.
            (2) A description and assessment of the command, control, 
        and coordination relationships that would be useful to 
        integrate rescue forces for such operations from multiple 
        departments and agencies of the Federal Government.
            (3) A description and assessment of the communications 
        assets that could be made available in support of other 
        agencies and departments of the Federal Government for 
        communication and coordination in such operations.
            (4) A description of any cooperative arrangements with 
        Canada and other regional partners in providing rescue assets 
        and infrastructure in connection with such operations.
            (5) A description of available medical infrastructure and 
        assets that could be made available in support of other 
        agencies and departments of the Federal Government for 
        aeromedical evacuation in connection with such operations.
            (6) A description of available shelter locations that could 
        be made available in support of other agencies and departments 
        of the Federal Government for use in connection with such 
        operations, including the number of people that can be 
        sheltered per location.
            (7) An assessment of logistical challenges that evacuations 
        from the Arctic in connection with such operations entail, 
        including potential rotary and fixed-wing aircraft trans-load 
        locations and onward movement requirements.
    (d) Appropriate Committees of Congress Defined.--In this section, 
the term ``appropriate committees of Congress'' means--
            (1) the Committee on Armed Services, the Committee on 
        Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs, and the Committee 
        on Appropriations of the Senate; and
            (2) the Committee on Armed Services, the Committee on 
        Homeland Security, and the Committee on Appropriations of the 
        House of Representatives.

SEC. 1057. ANNUAL REPORTS ON APPROVAL OF EMPLOYMENT OR COMPENSATION OF 
              RETIRED GENERAL OR FLAG OFFICERS BY FOREIGN GOVERNMENTS 
              FOR EMOLUMENTS CLAUSE PURPOSES.

    (a) Annual Reports.--Section 908 of title 37, United States Code, 
is amended by adding at the end the following new subsection:
    ``(d) Annual Reports on Approvals for Retired General and Flag 
Officers.--(1) Not later than January 31 each year, the Secretaries of 
the military departments shall jointly submit to the appropriate 
committees and Members of Congress a report on each approval under 
subsection (b) for employment or compensation described in subsection 
(a) for a retired member of the armed forces in a general or flag 
officer grade that was issued during the preceding year.
    ``(2) In this subsection, the appropriate committees and Members of 
Congress are--
            ``(A) the Committee on Armed Services, the Committee on 
        Foreign Relations, and the Committee on Appropriations of the 
        Senate;
            ``(B) the Committee on Armed Services, the Committee on 
        Foreign Affairs, and the Committee on Appropriations of the 
        House of Representatives;
            ``(C) the Majority Leader and the Minority Leader of the 
        Senate; and
            ``(D) the Speaker of the House of Representatives and the 
        Minority Leader of the House of Representatives.''.
    (b) Scope of First Report.--The first report submitted pursuant to 
subsection (d) of section 908 of title 37, United States Code (as added 
by subsection (a) of this section), after the date of the enactment of 
this Act shall cover the five-year period ending with the year before 
the year in which such report is submitted.

SEC. 1058. TRANSMITTAL TO CONGRESS OF REQUESTS FOR ASSISTANCE RECEIVED 
              BY THE DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE FROM OTHER DEPARTMENTS.

    (a) Requests for Assistance.--Not later than seven calendar days 
after the receipt by the Department of Defense of a Request for 
Assistance from the Department of Homeland Security or the Department 
of Health and Human Services, the Secretary of Defense shall 
electronically transmit to the Committees on Armed Services of the 
Senate and the House of Representatives a copy of such Request for 
Assistance.
    (b) Responses to Requests.--At the same time the Secretary of 
Defense submits to the Secretary of Homeland Security or the Secretary 
of Health and Human Services an official response of the Department of 
Defense to a Request for Assistance from the Department of Homeland 
Security or the Department of Health and Human Services, as applicable, 
the Secretary of Defense shall transmit to the Committees on Armed 
Services of the Senate and the House of Representatives a copy of such 
official response.

SEC. 1059. SEMIANNUAL REPORT ON CONSOLIDATED ADJUDICATION FACILITY OF 
              THE DEFENSE COUNTERINTELLIGENCE AND SECURITY AGENCY.

    Not less frequently than once every six months until the Director 
of the Defense Counterintelligence and Security Agency determines that 
a steady-state level has been achieved for the Consolidated 
Adjudication Facility of the Agency, the Director shall submit to the 
congressional defense committees a report on inventory and timeliness 
metrics relating to such facility.

SEC. 1060 COMPTROLLER GENERAL OF THE UNITED STATES REPORT ON POST-
              GOVERNMENT EMPLOYMENT OF FORMER DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE 
              OFFICIALS.

    Not later than 90 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, 
the Comptroller General of the United States shall initiate a review 
updating the information and findings contained in the May 2008 
Government Accountability Office report entitled, ``Defense 
Contracting: Post-Government Employment of Former DOD Officials Needs 
Greater Transparency'' (GAO-08-485). The Comptroller General shall 
provide an interim briefing on the status of the review to the 
congressional defense committees not later than December 31, 2020, with 
a report to follow by a date agreed upon with the committees.

Subtitle G--Treatment of Contaminated Water Near Military Installations

SEC. 1071. SHORT TITLE.

    This subtitle may be cited as the ``Prompt and Fast Action to Stop 
Damages Act of 2019''.

SEC. 1072. DEFINITIONS.

    In this subtitle:
            (1) PFOA.--The term ``PFOA'' means perfluorooctanoic acid.
            (2) PFOS.--The term ``PFOS'' means perfluorooctane 
        sulfonate.

SEC. 1073. PROVISION OF WATER UNCONTAMINATED WITH PERFLUOROOCTANOIC 
              ACID (PFOA) AND PERFLUOROOCTANE SULFONATE (PFOS) FOR 
              AGRICULTURAL PURPOSES.

    (a) Authority.--
            (1) In general.--Using amounts authorized to be 
        appropriated or otherwise made available for operation and 
        maintenance for the military department concerned, or for 
        operation and maintenance Defense-wide in the case of the 
        Secretary of Defense, the Secretary concerned may provide water 
        sources uncontaminated with perfluoroalkyl and polyfluoroalkyl 
        substances, including PFOA and PFOS, or treatment of 
        contaminated waters, for agricultural purposes used to produce 
        products destined for human consumption in an area in which a 
        water source has been determined pursuant to paragraph (2) to 
        be contaminated with such compounds by reason of activities on 
        a military installation under the jurisdiction of the Secretary 
        concerned.
            (2) Applicable standard.--For purposes of paragraph (1), an 
        area is determined to be contaminated with PFOA or PFOS if--
                    (A) the level of contamination is above the 
                Lifetime Health Advisory for contamination with such 
                compounds issued by the Environmental Protection Agency 
                and printed in the Federal Register on May 25, 2016; or
                    (B) on or after the date the Food and Drug 
                Administration sets a standard for PFOA and PFOS in raw 
                agricultural commodities and milk, the level of 
                contamination is above such standard.
    (b) Secretary Concerned Defined.--In this section, the term 
``Secretary concerned'' means the following:
            (1) The Secretary of the Army, with respect to the Army.
            (2) The Secretary of the Navy, with respect to the Navy, 
        the Marine Corps, and the Coast Guard (when it is operating as 
        a service in the Navy).
            (3) The Secretary of the Air Force, with respect to the Air 
        Force.
            (4) The Secretary of Defense, with respect to the Defense 
        Agencies.

SEC. 1074. ACQUISITION OF REAL PROPERTY BY AIR FORCE.

    (a) Authority.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary of the Air Force may acquire 
        one or more parcels of real property within the vicinity of an 
        Air Force base that has shown signs of contamination from PFOA 
        and PFOS due to activities on the base and which would extend 
        the contiguous geographic footprint of the base and increase 
        the force protection standoff near critical infrastructure and 
        runways.
            (2) Improvements and personal property.--The authority 
        under paragraph (1) to acquire real property described in that 
        paragraph shall include the authority to purchase improvements 
        and personal property located on that real property.
            (3) Relocation expenses.--The authority under paragraph (1) 
        to acquire real property described in that paragraph shall 
        include the authority to provide Federal financial assistance 
        for moving costs, relocation benefits, and other expenses 
        incurred in accordance with the Uniform Relocation Assistance 
        and Real Property Acquisition Policies Act of 1970 (42 U.S.C. 
        4601 et seq.).
    (b) Environmental Activities.--The Air Force shall conduct such 
activities at a parcel or parcels of real property acquired under 
subsection (a) as are necessary to remediate contamination from PFOA 
and PFOS related to activities at the Air Force base.
    (c) Funding.--Funds for the land acquisitions authorized under 
subsection (a) shall be derived from amounts authorized to be 
appropriated for fiscal year 2020 for military construction or the 
unobligated balances of appropriations for military construction that 
are enacted after the date of the enactment of this Act.
    (d) Rule of Construction.--The authority under this section 
constitutes authority to carry out land acquisitions for purposes of 
section 2802 of title 10, United States Code.

SEC. 1075. REMEDIATION PLAN.

    (a) In General.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to 
Congress a remediation plan for cleanup of all water at or adjacent to 
a military base that is contaminated with PFOA or PFOS.
    (b) Study.--In preparing the remediation plan under subsection (a), 
the Secretary shall conduct a study on the contamination of water at 
military bases with PFOA or PFOS.
    (c) Budget Amount.--The Secretary shall ensure that each budget of 
the President submitted to Congress under section 1105(a) of title 31, 
United States Code, requests funding in amounts necessary to address 
remediation efforts under the remediation plan submitted under 
subsection (a).

                       Subtitle H--Other Matters

SEC. 1081. REVISION TO AUTHORITIES RELATING TO MAIL SERVICE FOR MEMBERS 
              OF THE ARMED FORCES AND DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE CIVILIANS 
              OVERSEAS.

    (a) Eligibility for Free Mail.--Section 3401(a) of title 39, United 
States Code, is amended to read as follows:
    ``(a)(1) First-class letter mail having the character of personal 
correspondence shall be carried, at no cost to the sender, in the 
manner provided by this section, when mailed by an eligible individual 
described in paragraph (2) and addressed to a place within the delivery 
limits of a United States post office, if--
                    ``(A) such letter mail is mailed by the eligible 
                individual at an Armed Forces post office established 
                in an overseas area designated by the President, where 
                the Armed Forces of the United States are deployed for 
                a contingency operation as determined by the Secretary 
                of Defense; or
                    ``(B) the eligible individual is hospitalized as a 
                result of disease or injury incurred as a result of 
                service in an overseas area designated by the President 
                under subparagraph (A).
            ``(2) An eligible individual described in this paragraph 
        is--
                    ``(A) a member of the Armed Forces of the United 
                States on active duty, as defined in section 101 of 
                title 10; or
                    ``(B) a civilian employee of the Department of 
                Defense or a military department who is providing 
                support to military operations.''.
    (b) Surface Shipment of Mail Authorized.--Section 3401 of title 39, 
United States Code, is amended--
            (1) by striking subsection (c);
            (2) by redesignating subsections (d), (e), (f), and (g) as 
        subsections (c), (d), (e), and (f), respectively; and
            (3) by amending subsection (b) to read as follows:
    ``(b) There shall be transported by surface or air, consistent with 
the service purchased by the mailer, between Armed Forces post offices 
or from an Armed Forces post office to a point of entry into the United 
States, the following categories of mail matter which are mailed at any 
such Armed Forces post office:
            ``(1) Letter mail communications having the character of 
        personal correspondence.
            ``(2) Any parcel exceeding 1 pound in weight but less than 
        70 pounds in weight and less than 130 inches in length and 
        girth combined.
            ``(3) Publications published not less frequently than once 
        per week and featuring principally current news of interest to 
        members of the Armed Forces of the United States and the 
        general public.''.
    (c) Technical and Conforming Amendments.--
            (1) Section 3401 of title 39, United States Code, is 
        amended in the section heading by striking ``and of friendly 
        foreign nations''.
            (2) The table of sections for chapter 34 of title 39, 
        United States Code, is amended by striking the item relating to 
        section 3401 and inserting the following:

``3401. Mailing privileges of members of Armed Forces of the United 
                            States.''.

SEC. 1082. ACCESS TO AND USE OF MILITARY POST OFFICES BY UNITED STATES 
              CITIZENS EMPLOYED OVERSEAS BY THE NORTH ATLANTIC TREATY 
              ORGANIZATION WHO PERFORM FUNCTIONS IN SUPPORT OF MILITARY 
              OPERATIONS OF THE ARMED FORCES.

    Section 406 of title 39, United States Code, is amended by adding 
at the end the following:
    ``(c)(1) The Secretary of Defense may authorize the use of a post 
office established under subsection (a) in a location outside the 
United States by citizens of the United States--
            ``(A) who--
                    ``(i) are employed by the North Atlantic Treaty 
                Organization; and
                    ``(ii) perform functions in support of the Armed 
                Forces of the United States; and
            ``(B) if the Secretary makes a written determination that 
        such use is--
                    ``(i) in the best interests of the Department of 
                Defense; and
                    ``(ii) otherwise authorized by applicable host 
                nation law or agreement.
    ``(2) No funds may be obligated or expended to establish, maintain, 
or expand a post office established under subsection (a) for the 
purpose of use described in paragraph (1) of this subsection.''.

SEC. 1083. GUARANTEE OF RESIDENCY FOR SPOUSES OF MEMBERS OF UNIFORMED 
              SERVICES.

    (a) In General.--Title VI of the Servicemembers Civil Relief Act 
(50 U.S.C. 4021 et seq.) is amended by adding at the end the following 
new section:

``SEC. 707. GUARANTEE OF RESIDENCY FOR SPOUSES OF SERVICEMEMBERS.

    ``For the purposes of establishing the residency of a spouse of a 
servicemember for any purpose, the spouse of a servicemember may elect 
to use the same residence as the servicemember regardless of the date 
on which the marriage of the spouse and the servicemember occurred.''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of contents in section 1(b) of 
such Act is amended by inserting after the item relating to section 706 
the following new item:

``Sec. 707. Guarantee of residency for spouses of servicemembers.''.

SEC. 1084. EXTENSION OF REQUIREMENT FOR BRIEFINGS ON THE NATIONAL 
              BIODEFENSE STRATEGY.

    Section 1086(d) of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
Fiscal year 2017 (Public Law 114-328; 130 Stat. 2423; 6 U.S.C. 104) is 
amended by striking ``March 1, 2019'' and inserting ``March 1, 2025''.

SEC. 1085. EXTENSION OF NATIONAL COMMISSION ON MILITARY AVIATION 
              SAFETY.

    (a) Extension of Deadline for Report.--Section 1087(h)(2) of the 
John S. McCain National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2019 
(Public Law 115-232; 132 Stat. 1995) is amended by striking ``March 1, 
2020'' and inserting ``December 31, 2020''.
    (b) Calendar Year 2020 Funding.--Of the amount authorized to be 
appropriated for fiscal year 2020 for the Department of Defense by this 
Act, $3,000,000 shall be available for the National Commission on 
Aviation Safety under section 1087 of the John S. McCain National 
Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2019 in calendar year 2020.

                  TITLE XI--CIVILIAN PERSONNEL MATTERS

SEC. 1101. MODIFICATION OF TEMPORARY ASSIGNMENTS OF DEPARTMENT OF 
              DEFENSE EMPLOYEES TO A PRIVATE-SECTOR ORGANIZATION.

    Section 1599g(e)(2)(A) of title 10, United States Code, is amended 
by inserting ``permanent'' after ``without the''.

SEC. 1102. MODIFICATION OF NUMBER OF AVAILABLE APPOINTMENTS FOR CERTAIN 
              AGENCIES UNDER PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT AUTHORITY TO ATTRACT 
              EXPERTS IN SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING.

    Section 1599h(b)(1) of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in subparagraph (A), by striking ``40'' and inserting 
        ``10''; and
            (2) in subparagraph (B), by striking ``100'' and inserting 
        ``130''.

SEC. 1103. ONE-YEAR EXTENSION OF TEMPORARY AUTHORITY TO GRANT 
              ALLOWANCES, BENEFITS, AND GRATUITIES TO CIVILIAN 
              PERSONNEL ON OFFICIAL DUTY IN A COMBAT ZONE.

    Paragraph (2) of section 1603(a) of the Emergency Supplemental 
Appropriations Act for Defense, the Global War on Terror, and Hurricane 
Recovery, 2006 (Public Law 109-234; 120 Stat. 443), as added by section 
1102 of the Duncan Hunter National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 2009 (Public Law 110-417; 122 Stat. 4616) and most recently 
amended by section 1115 of the John S. McCain National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2019 (Public Law 115-232), is further 
amended by striking ``2020'' and inserting ``2021''.

SEC. 1104. ONE-YEAR EXTENSION OF AUTHORITY TO WAIVE ANNUAL LIMITATION 
              ON PREMIUM PAY AND AGGREGATE LIMITATION ON PAY FOR 
              FEDERAL CIVILIAN EMPLOYEES WORKING OVERSEAS.

    Subsection (a) of section 1101 of the Duncan Hunter National 
Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2009 (Public Law 110-417; 122 
Stat. 4615), as most recently amended by section 1104(a) of the John S. 
McCain National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2019 (Public 
Law 115-232), is further amended by striking ``through 2019'' and 
inserting ``through 2020''.

SEC. 1105. REIMBURSEMENT OF FEDERAL EMPLOYEES FOR FEDERAL, STATE, AND 
              LOCAL INCOME TAXES INCURRED DURING TRAVEL, 
              TRANSPORTATION, AND RELOCATION.

    (a) In General.--5724b of title 5, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in the section heading by striking ``of employees 
        transferred'';
            (2) in subsection (a)--
                    (A) in the first sentence, by striking ``employee, 
                or by an employee and such employee's spouse (if filing 
                jointly), for any moving or storage'' and inserting 
                ``individual, or by an individual and such individual's 
                spouse (if filing jointly), for any travel, 
                transportation, or relocation''; and
                    (B) in the second sentence, by striking 
                ``employee'' and inserting ``individual, or the 
                individual''; and
            (3) by striking subsection (b) and inserting the following:
    ``(b) For purposes of this section, the term `travel, 
transportation, or relocation expenses' means all travel, 
transportation, or relocation expenses reimbursed or furnished in kind 
pursuant to this subchapter or chapter 41.''.
    (b) Technical and Conforming Amendment.--The table of sections for 
chapter 57 of title 5, United States Code, is amended by striking the 
item relating to section 5724b and inserting the following:

``5724b. Taxes on reimbursements for travel, transportation, and 
                            relocation expenses.''.
    (c) Effective Date.--The amendments made by this section shall--
            (1) take effect on the date of the enactment of this Act; 
        and
            (2) apply to travel, transportation, or relocation expenses 
        incurred on or after that date.

             TITLE XII--MATTERS RELATING TO FOREIGN NATIONS

                  Subtitle A--Assistance and Training

SEC. 1201. EXTENSION OF SUPPORT OF SPECIAL OPERATIONS FOR IRREGULAR 
              WARFARE.

    Section 1202(a) of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
Fiscal Year 2018 (Public Law 115-91; 131 Stat. 1639) is amended by 
striking ``fiscal years 2018 through 2020'' and inserting ``fiscal 
years 2020 through 2025''.

SEC. 1202. EXTENSION OF AUTHORITY FOR CROSS SERVICING AGREEMENTS FOR 
              LOAN OF PERSONNEL PROTECTION AND PERSONNEL SURVIVABILITY 
              EQUIPMENT IN COALITION OPERATIONS.

    Section 1207(e) of the Carl Levin and Howard P. ``Buck'' McKeon 
National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2015 (10 U.S.C. 2342 
note) is amended by striking ``September 30, 2019'' and inserting 
``September 30, 2024''.

SEC. 1203. TWO-YEAR EXTENSION OF PROGRAM AUTHORITY FOR GLOBAL SECURITY 
              CONTINGENCY FUND.

    Section 1207 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 2012 (22 U.S.C. 2151 note) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (i)(1), by striking ``September 30, 
        2019'' and inserting ``September 30, 2021''; and
            (2) in subsection (o)--
                    (A) in the first sentence, by striking ``September 
                30, 2019'' and inserting ``September 30, 2021''; and
                    (B) in the second sentence, by striking ``through 
                2019'' and inserting ``through 2021''.

SEC. 1204. MODIFICATION OF REPORTING REQUIREMENT FOR USE OF FUNDS FOR 
              SECURITY COOPERATION PROGRAMS AND ACTIVITIES.

    Section 381(b) of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
striking ``30 days'' and inserting ``60 days''.

SEC. 1205. INSTITUTIONAL LEGAL CAPACITY BUILDING INITIATIVE FOR FOREIGN 
              DEFENSE FORCES.

    (a) Authorization.--The Secretary of Defense may carry out, 
consistent with section 332 of title 10, United States Code, an 
initiative of institutional legal capacity building in collaboration 
with the appropriate institutions of one or more foreign countries to 
enhance the capacity of the applicable foreign country to organize, 
administer, manage, maintain, sustain, or oversee the military legal 
institutions of such country.
    (b) Purpose.--The purpose of the initiative under subsection (a) is 
to enhance, as appropriate, the institutional legal capacity of the 
applicable foreign country to do the following:
            (1) Integrate legal matters into the authority, doctrine, 
        and policies of the defense ministry of such country.
            (2) Provide appropriate legal support to commanders 
        conducting military operations.
            (3) With respect to military law, institutionalize 
        education, training, and professional development for military 
        personnel, including military lawyers, officers, and civilian 
        leadership within such defense ministry.
            (4) Establish a military justice system that is objective, 
        transparent, and impartial.
            (5) Build the legal capacity of military forces to provide 
        equitable, transparent, and accountable institutions and 
        provide for anti-corruption measures within such defense 
        ministry.
            (6) Build capacity--
                    (A) to provide for the protection of civilians 
                consistent with the law of armed conflict; and
                    (B) to investigate incidents of civilian 
                casualties.
            (7) Promote understanding and observance of--
                    (A) the law of armed conflict;
                    (B) human rights and fundamental freedoms;
                    (C) the rule of law; and
                    (D) civilian control of the military.
    (c) Elements.--The initiative under subsection (a) shall include 
the following elements:
            (1) An assessment of the organizational weaknesses for 
        institutional legal capacity building of the applicable foreign 
        country, including baseline information, an assessment of gaps 
        in the capability and capacity of the appropriate institutions 
        of such country, and any other indicator of efficacy for 
        purposes of monitoring and evaluation, as determined by the 
        Secretary.
            (2) A multi-year engagement plan for building institutional 
        capacity that addresses the weaknesses identified under 
        paragraph (1), including objectives, milestones, and a 
        timeline.
            (3) The assignment of advisors, as appropriate, to the 
        ministry of defense or other institutions of such country to 
        assist in building core legal institutional capacity, 
        competencies, and capabilities.
            (4) A measure for monitoring the implementation of the 
        initiative and evaluating the efficiency and effectiveness of 
        the initiative, consistent with section 383 of title 10, United 
        States Code.
    (d) Reports.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than 30 days after the end of 
        each fiscal year beginning in fiscal year 2020 through the 
        fiscal year in which the initiative under subsection (a) 
        terminates, the Secretary shall submit to the Committee on 
        Armed Services of the Senate and the Committee on Armed 
        Services of the House of Representatives a report on the 
        progress of the legal capacity building activities under this 
        section.
            (2) Matters to be included.--Each report under paragraph 
        (1) shall include, for the preceding fiscal year, the 
        following:
                    (A) The names of the one or more countries in which 
                the initiative was conducted.
                    (B) For each such country--
                            (i) the purpose of the initiative;
                            (ii) the objectives, milestones, and 
                        timeline of the initiative;
                            (iii) the number and type of advisors 
                        assigned and deployed to the country, as 
                        applicable;
                            (iv) an assessment of the progress of the 
                        implementation of the initiative; and
                            (v) an evaluation of the efficiency and 
                        effectiveness of the initiative.
    (e) Sunset.--The initiative under subsection (a) shall terminate on 
the date that is five years after the date of the enactment of this 
Act.

SEC. 1206. DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE SUPPORT FOR STABILIZATION ACTIVITIES 
              IN NATIONAL SECURITY INTEREST OF THE UNITED STATES.

    (a) In General.--The Secretary of Defense may, with the concurrence 
of the Secretary of State and in consultation with the Administrator of 
the United States Agency for International Development, provide support 
for the stabilization activities of other Federal agencies specified 
under subsection (c).
    (b) Designation of Foreign Areas.--
            (1) In general.--Amounts authorized to be provided pursuant 
        to this section shall be available only for support for 
        stabilization activities--
                    (A) in a country specified in paragraph (2); and
                    (B) that the Secretary of Defense, with the 
                concurrence of the Secretary of State, has determined 
                are in the national security interest of the United 
                States.
            (2) Specified countries.--The countries specified in this 
        paragraph are as follows:
                    (A) Iraq.
                    (B) Syria.
                    (C) Afghanistan.
                    (D) Somalia.
                    (E) Yemen.
                    (F) Libya.
    (c) Support to Other Agencies.--
            (1) In general.--Support may be provided for stabilization 
        activities under subsection (a) to the Department of State, the 
        United States Agency for International Development, or other 
        Federal agencies, on a reimbursable or nonreimbursable basis.
            (2) Type of support.--Support under subsection (a) may 
        consist of--
                    (A) logistic support, supplies, and services; and
                    (B) equipment.
    (d) Requirement for a Stabilization Strategy.--
            (1) Limitation.--With respect to any country specified in 
        subsection (b)(2), no amount of support may be provided under 
        subsection (a) until 15 days after the date on which the 
        Secretary of Defense, with the concurrence of the Secretary of 
        State, submits to the appropriate committees of Congress a 
        detailed report setting forth a stabilization strategy for such 
        country.
            (2) Elements of strategy.--The stabilization strategy 
        required by paragraph (1) shall set forth the following:
                    (A) The United States interests in conducting 
                stabilization activities in the country specified in 
                subsection (b)(2).
                    (B) The key foreign partners and actors in such 
                country.
                    (C) The desired end states and objectives of the 
                United States stabilization activities in such country.
                    (D) The Department of Defense support intended to 
                be provided for the stabilization activities of other 
                Federal agencies under subsection (a).
                    (E) Any mechanism for civil-military coordination 
                regarding support for stabilization activities.
                    (F) The mechanisms for monitoring and evaluating 
                the effectiveness of Department of Defense support for 
                United States stabilization activities in the area.
    (e) Implementation in Accordance With Guidance.--Support provided 
under subsection (a) shall be implemented in accordance with the 
guidance of the Department of Defense entitled ``DoD Directive 3000.05 
Stabilization'', dated December 13, 2018 (or successor guidance).
    (f) Report.--The Secretary of Defense, with the concurrence of the 
Secretary of State, shall submit to the appropriate committees of 
Congress on an annual basis a report that includes the following:
            (1) The identification of each foreign area within 
        countries specified in subsection (b)(2) for which support to 
        stabilization has occurred.
            (2) The total amount spent by the Department of Defense, 
        broken out by recipient Federal agency and activity.
            (3) An assessment of the contribution of each activity 
        toward greater stability.
            (4) An articulation of any plans for continued Department 
        of Defense support to stabilization in the specified foreign 
        area in order to maintain or improve stability.
            (5) Other matters as the Secretary of Defense considers to 
        be appropriate.
    (g) Use of Funds.--
            (1) Source of funds.--Amounts for activities carried out 
        under this section in a fiscal year shall be derived only from 
        amounts authorized to be appropriated for such fiscal year for 
        the Department of Defense for Operation and Maintenance, 
        Defense-wide.
            (2) Limitation.--Not more than $25,000,000 in each fiscal 
        year is authorized to be used to provide nonreimbursable 
        support under this section.
    (h) Expiration.--The authority provided under this section may not 
be exercised after December 31, 2020.
    (i) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) Appropriate committees of congress.--The term 
        ``appropriate committees of Congress'' means--
                    (A) the Committee on Armed Services and the 
                Committee on Foreign Relations of the Senate; and
                    (B) the Committee on Armed Services and the 
                Committee on Foreign Affairs of the House of 
                Representatives.
            (2) Logistic support, supplies, and services.--The term 
        ``logistic support, supplies, and services'' has the meaning 
        given the term in section 2350(1) of title 10 United States 
        Code.

        Subtitle B--Matters Relating to Afghanistan and Pakistan

SEC. 1211. EXTENSION OF AUTHORITY TO TRANSFER DEFENSE ARTICLES AND 
              PROVIDE DEFENSE SERVICES TO THE MILITARY AND SECURITY 
              FORCES OF AFGHANISTAN.

    (a) Extension.--Subsection (h) of section 1222 of the National 
Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2013 (Public Law 112-239; 126 
Stat. 1992), as most recently amended by section 1221 of the John S. 
McCain National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2019 (Public 
Law 115-232), is further amended by striking ``December 31, 2020'' and 
inserting ``December 31, 2021''.
    (b) Excess Defense Articles.--Subsection (i)(2) of such section 
1222, as so amended, is further amended by striking ``December 31, 
2020'' each place it appears and inserting ``December 31, 2021''.

SEC. 1212. AFGHANISTAN SECURITY FORCES FUND.

    (a) Authorization of Appropriations.--There is authorized to be 
appropriated for fiscal year 2020 for the Afghanistan Security Forces 
Fund, as established by section 1513 of the National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2008 (Public Law 110-181; 122 Stat. 
428), as most recently amended by section 1223(b) of the John S. McCain 
National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2019 (Public Law 
115-232), $4,803,978,000.
    (b) Continuation of Prior Authorities and Notice and Reporting 
Requirements.--Funds available to the Department of Defense for the 
Afghanistan Security Forces Fund for fiscal year 2020 shall be subject 
to the conditions contained in subsections (b) through (f) of such 
section 1513.
    (c) Use of Funds.--
            (1) Type of assistance.--Subsection (b)(2) of such section 
        1513 is amended by inserting ``(including program and security 
        assistance management support)'' after ``services''.
    (d) Equipment Disposition.--
            (1) Acceptance of certain equipment.--Subject to paragraph 
        (2), the Secretary of Defense may accept equipment that is 
        procured using amounts authorized to be appropriated for the 
        Afghanistan Security Forces Fund by this Act and is intended 
        for transfer to the security forces of Afghanistan, but is not 
        accepted by such security forces.
            (2) Conditions on acceptance of equipment.--Before 
        accepting any equipment under paragraph (1), the Commander of 
        United States forces in Afghanistan shall make a determination 
        that the equipment was procured for the purpose of meeting 
        requirements of the security forces of Afghanistan, as agreed 
        to by both the Government of Afghanistan and the United States, 
        but is no longer required by such security forces or was 
        damaged before transfer to such security forces.
            (3) Elements of determination.--In making a determination 
        under paragraph (2), the Commander of United States forces in 
        Afghanistan shall consider alternatives to acceptance of the 
        equipment by the Secretary. An explanation of each 
        determination, including the basis for the determination and 
        the alternatives considered, shall be included in the relevant 
        quarterly report under paragraph (5).
            (4) Treatment as department of defense stocks.--Equipment 
        accepted under paragraph (1) may be treated as stocks of the 
        Department of Defense upon notification to the congressional 
        defense committees of such treatment.
            (5) Quarterly reports on equipment disposition.--
                    (A) In general.--Not later than 90 days after the 
                date of the enactment of this Act, and every 90-day 
                period thereafter during which the authority provided 
                by paragraph (1) is exercised, the Secretary shall 
                submit to the congressional defense committees a report 
                describing the equipment accepted during the period 
                covered by such report under the following:
                            (i) This subsection.
                            (ii) Section 1531(d) of the National 
                        Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2014 
                        (Public Law 113-66; 127 Stat. 938; 10 U.S.C. 
                        2302 note).
                            (iii) Section 1532(b) of the Carl Levin and 
                        Howard P. ``Buck'' McKeon National Defense 
                        Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2015 (Public 
                        Law 113-291; 128 Stat. 3612).
                    (B) Elements.--Each report under subparagraph (A) 
                shall include a list of all equipment accepted during 
                the period covered by the report and treated as stocks 
                of the Department of Defense and copies of the 
                determinations made under paragraph (2), as required by 
                paragraph (3).
    (e) Security of Afghan Women.--
            (1) In general.--Of the funds available to the Department 
        of Defense for the Afghanistan Security Forces Fund for fiscal 
        year 2020, it is the goal that $25,000,000, but in no event 
        less than $10,000,000, shall be used for--
                    (A) the recruitment, integration, retention, 
                training, and treatment of women in the Afghan National 
                Defense and Security Forces; and
                    (B) the recruitment, training, and contracting of 
                female security personnel for future elections.
            (2) Types of programs and activities.--Such programs and 
        activities may include--
                    (A) efforts to recruit women into the Afghan 
                National Defense and Security Forces, including the 
                special operations forces;
                    (B) programs and activities of the Afghan Ministry 
                of Defense Directorate of Human Rights and Gender 
                Integration and the Afghan Ministry of Interior Office 
                of Human Rights, Gender, and Child Rights;
                    (C) development and dissemination of gender and 
                human rights educational and training materials and 
                programs within the Afghan Ministry of Defense and the 
                Afghan Ministry of Interior;
                    (D) efforts to address harassment and violence 
                against women within the Afghan National Defense and 
                Security Forces;
                    (E) improvements to infrastructure that address the 
                requirements of women serving in the Afghan National 
                Defense and Security Forces, including appropriate 
                equipment for female security and police forces, and 
                transportation for policewomen to their station;
                    (F) support for Afghan National Police Family 
                Response Units; and
                    (G) security provisions for high-profile female 
                police and army officers.
    (f) Assessment of Efforts to Build Capacity in the Afghan National 
Defense and Security Forces.--
            (1) Assessment required.--Not later than 90 days after the 
        date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense, in 
        coordination with the Secretary of State, shall submit to the 
        Committee on Armed Services of the Senate and the Committee on 
        Armed Services of the House of Representatives an assessment 
        that describes the following:
                    (A) The integrated capacity development strategies 
                for--
                            (i) the Ministry of Defense and the 
                        Ministry of Interior of Afghanistan; and
                            (ii) the North Atlantic Treaty 
                        Organization-led Train Advise Assist Commands 
                        and Task Forces at the national and regional 
                        levels in Afghanistan.
                    (B) An articulation of the key capabilities to be 
                developed and improved with respect to the Ministry of 
                Defense, the Ministry of Interior, and the North 
                Atlantic Treaty Organization-led Train Advise Assist 
                Commands and Task Forces, and the overall plan 
                (including timeframes, budgets, and specific 
                initiatives) to achieve the intended outcomes.
                    (C) The specific roles of Department of Defense-
                funded advisors in building the capacity of the 
                Ministry of Defense and the Ministry of Interior of 
                Afghanistan and the Afghan National Defense and 
                Security Forces at the national and regional levels, 
                and the manner in which such roles align with the 
                development strategy referred to in subparagraph (A).
                    (D) The metrics used to assess progress on the 
                recruitment, integration, retention, training, and 
                treatment of women in the Afghan National Defense and 
                Security Forces, and a progress report on such 
                recruitment, integration, retention, training, and 
                treatment.
                    (E) An explanation of the assessment, monitoring, 
                and evaluation mechanisms in place to assess the 
                relevance, effectiveness, and sustainability of each 
                specific initiative and progress made toward the 
                intended outcomes identified under subparagraph (B).
                    (F) Any other matter the Secretary considers 
                appropriate.

SEC. 1213. EXTENSION OF COMMANDERS' EMERGENCY RESPONSE PROGRAM.

    Section 1201 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 2012 (Public Law 112-81; 125 Stat. 1619), as most recently amended 
by the John S. McCain National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 2019 (Public Law 115-232), is further amended--
            (1) in subsection (a), by striking ``December 31, 2019'' 
        and inserting ``December 31, 2020'';
            (2) in subsection (b), by striking ``of fiscal years 2017 
        through 2019'' and inserting ``for each of fiscal years 2017 
        through 2020''; and
            (3) in subsection (f), in the first sentence, by striking 
        ``December 31, 2019'' and inserting ``December 31, 2020''.

SEC. 1214. EXTENSION AND MODIFICATION OF REIMBURSEMENT OF CERTAIN 
              COALITION NATIONS FOR SUPPORT PROVIDED TO UNITED STATES 
              MILITARY OPERATIONS.

    Section 1233(a) of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
Fiscal Year 2008 (Public Law 110-181; 122 Stat. 393), as most recently 
amended by section 1225 of the John S. McCain National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2019 (Public Law 115-232), is further 
amended to read as follows:
    ``(a) Authority.--From funds made available for the Department of 
Defense for the period beginning on October 1, 2019, and ending on 
December 31, 2020, for overseas contingency operations for operation 
and maintenance, Defense-wide activities, the Secretary of Defense may 
reimburse any key cooperating nation (other than Pakistan) for--
            ``(1) logistical and military support provided by that 
        nation to or in connection with United States military 
        operations in Afghanistan, Iraq, or Syria; and
            ``(2) logistical, military, and other support, including 
        access, provided by that nation to or in connection with United 
        States military operations described in paragraph (1).''.

SEC. 1215. SUPPORT FOR RECONCILIATION ACTIVITIES LED BY THE GOVERNMENT 
              OF AFGHANISTAN.

    (a) In General.--The Secretary of Defense may, with the concurrence 
of the Secretary of State, provide covered support for reconciliation 
activities to one or more designated persons or entities or Federal 
agencies.
    (b) Designation.--Not later than 15 days before the Secretary of 
Defense designates an individual or organization as a designated person 
or entity, the Secretary shall notify the congressional defense 
committees of the intent of the Secretary to make such designation.
    (c) Reimbursement.--
            (1) Designated persons or entities.--The Secretary of 
        Defense may provide covered support to a designated person or 
        entity on a reimbursable or nonreimbursable basis.
            (2) Federal agencies.--The Secretary of Defense may provide 
        covered support to a Federal agency on a reimbursable or 
        nonreimbursable basis.
    (d) Location of Covered Support.--
            (1) In general.--Except as provided in paragraph (2), the 
        Secretary of Defense may only provide covered support within 
        Afghanistan.
            (2) Exception.--Notwithstanding paragraph (1), the 
        Secretary of Defense may provide covered support in Pakistan if 
        the Secretary determines, and certifies to the congressional 
        defense committees, that providing covered support in Pakistan 
        is in the national security interest of the United States.
    (e) Notification.--Not later than 15 days before the date on which 
the Secretary of Defense provides covered support to a nongovernmental 
designated person or entity or provides covered support in Pakistan, 
the Secretary shall submit to the congressional defense committees 
written notice that includes the intended recipient of such covered 
support and the specific covered support to be provided.
    (f) Funding.--
            (1) Source of funds.--Amounts for covered support may only 
        be derived from amounts authorized to be appropriated for the 
        Department of Defense for operation and maintenance.
            (2) Limitation.--Not more than $15,000,000 may be used for 
        nonreimbursable covered support.
    (g) Rule of Construction.--Covered support shall not be construed 
to violate section 2339, 2339A, or 2339B of title 18, United States 
Code.
    (h) Reports.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than 90 days after the date of 
        the enactment of this Act, and quarterly thereafter, the 
        Secretary of Defense shall, in coordination with the Secretary 
        of State, submit to the congressional defense committees a 
        report on covered support during the preceding 90-day period.
            (2) Elements.--Each report under this subsection shall 
        include, for the preceding reporting period, the following:
                    (A) A summary of the ongoing reconciliation 
                activities for which covered support was provided.
                    (B) A description of the covered support, by class 
                or type, and the designated person or entity or Federal 
                agency that received each class or type of covered 
                support.
                    (C) The total dollar amount of each class or type 
                of covered support, including budget details.
                    (D) The intended duration of each provision of 
                covered support.
                    (E) Any other matter the Secretary of Defense 
                considers appropriate.
    (i) Sunset.--The authority to carry out this section shall 
terminate on December 31, 2020.
    (j) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) Covered support.--The term ``covered support'' means 
        logistic support, supplies, and services (as defined in section 
        2350 of title 10, United States Code) and security provided 
        under this section.
            (2) Designated person or entity.--
                    (A) In general.--The term ``designated person or 
                entity'' means an individual or organization designated 
                by the Secretary of Defense as necessary to facilitate 
                a reconciliation activity.
                    (B) Exclusion.--The term ``designated person or 
                entity'' does not include a Federal agency.
            (3) Reconciliation activity.--The term ``reconciliation 
        activity'' means any activity intended to support, facilitate, 
        or enable a political settlement between the Government of 
        Afghanistan and the Taliban for the purpose of ending the war 
        in Afghanistan.
            (4) Security.--The term ``security'' means any measure 
        determined by the Secretary of Defense to be necessary to 
        protect reconciliation activities from hostile acts.

SEC. 1216. SENSE OF SENATE ON SPECIAL IMMIGRANT VISA PROGRAM FOR AFGHAN 
              ALLIES.

    It is the sense of the Senate that--
            (1) the special immigrant visa program for Afghan allies is 
        critical to the mission in Afghanistan and the long-term 
        interests of the United States;
            (2) maintaining a robust special immigrant visa program for 
        Afghan allies is necessary to support United States Government 
        personnel in Afghanistan who need translation, interpretation, 
        security, and other services;
            (3) Afghan allies routinely risk their lives to assist 
        United States military and diplomatic personnel;
            (4) honoring the commitments made to Afghan allies with 
        respect to such special immigrant visa program is essential to 
        ensuring the continued service and safety of such allies; and
            (5) an additional 4,000 visas should be made available to 
        principal aliens who are eligible for special immigrant status 
        under the Afghan Allies Protection Act of 2009 (8 U.S.C. 1101 
        note) to prevent harm to the operations of the United States 
        Government in Afghanistan.

         Subtitle C--Matters Relating to Syria, Iraq, and Iran

SEC. 1221. MODIFICATION OF AUTHORITY TO PROVIDE ASSISTANCE TO VETTED 
              SYRIAN GROUPS.

    (a) Nature of Assistance.--Subsection (a) of section 1209 of the 
Carl Levin and Howard P. ``Buck'' McKeon National Defense Authorization 
Act for Fiscal Year 2015 (Public Law 113-291; 128 Stat. 3541), as most 
recently amended by section 1231(a) of the John S. McCain National 
Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2019 (Public Law 115-232), is 
further amended--
            (1) in the matter preceding paragraph (1), by striking 
        ``with a cost'' and all that follows through ``December 31, 
        2019'' and inserting ``, and sustainment to appropriately 
        vetted Syrian groups and individuals, through December 31, 
        2020'';
            (2) in paragraph (1), by striking ``Islamic State of Iraq 
        and the Levant'' and all that follows through the period at the 
        end and inserting the following: ``Islamic State of Iraq and 
        Syria (ISIS).''; and
            (3) by striking paragraphs (2) and (3) and inserting the 
        following new paragraphs:
            ``(2) Securing territory formerly controlled by the Islamic 
        State of Iraq and Syria.
            ``(3) Protecting the United States and its friends and 
        allies from the threats posed by the Islamic State of Iraq and 
        Syria, al Qaeda, and associated forces in Syria.
            ``(4) Supporting the temporary detention and repatriation 
        of Islamic State of Iraq and Syria foreign terrorist fighters 
        in accordance with the laws of armed conflict and the United 
        Nations Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees, done at 
        Geneva July 28, 1951 (as made applicable by the Protocol 
        Relating to the Status of Refugees, done at New York January 
        31, 1967 (19 UST 6223)).''.
    (b) Scope of Quarterly Progress Reports.--Subsection (d) of such 
section, as most recently amended by section 1223(b) of the National 
Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2018 (Public Law 115-91; 131 
Stat. 1653), is further amended to read as follows:
    ``(d) Quarterly Progress Reports.--
            ``(1) In general.--Beginning on January 15, 2020, and every 
        90 days thereafter, the Secretary of Defense, in coordination 
        with the Secretary of State, shall submit to the appropriate 
        congressional committees and leadership of the House of 
        Representatives and the Senate a progress report.
            ``(2) Matters to be included.--Each progress report under 
        paragraph (1) shall include, based on the most recent quarterly 
        information, the following:
                    ``(A) A description of the appropriately vetted 
                recipients receiving assistance under subsection (a).
                    ``(B) A description of training, equipment, 
                supplies, stipends, and other support provided to 
                appropriately vetted recipients under subsection (a) 
                and a statement of the amount of funds expended for 
                such purposes during the period covered by the report.
                    ``(C) Any misuse or loss of provided training and 
                equipment and how such misuse or loss is being 
                mitigated.
                    ``(D) An assessment of the recruitment, throughput, 
                and retention rates of appropriately vetted recipients.
                    ``(E) An assessment of the operational 
                effectiveness of appropriately vetted recipients in 
                meeting the purposes specified in subsection (a).
                    ``(F) A description of United States Government 
                stabilization objectives and activities carried out in 
                areas formerly controlled by the Islamic State of Iraq 
                and Syria, including significant projects and funding 
                associated with such projects.
                    ``(G) A description of coalition contributions to 
                the purposes specified in subsection (a) and other 
                related stabilization activities.
                    ``(H) With respect to Islamic State of Iraq and 
                Syria foreign terrorist fighters--
                            ``(i) an estimate of the number of such 
                        individuals being detained by appropriately 
                        vetted Syrian groups and individuals;
                            ``(ii) an estimate of the number of such 
                        individuals that have been repatriated and the 
                        countries to which such individuals have been 
                        repatriated; and
                            ``(iii) a description of United States 
                        Government support provided to facilitate the 
                        repatriation of such individuals.
                    ``(I) An assessment of the extent to which 
                appropriately vetted Syrian groups and individuals have 
                enabled progress toward establishing inclusive, 
                representative, accountable, and civilian-led 
                governance and security structures in territories 
                liberated from the Islamic State of Iraq and Syria.''.
    (c) Elimination of Reprogramming Requirement.--Such section is 
further amended by striking subsection (f).
    (d) Inclusion of Support for Stabilization Activities.--Such 
section is further amended by inserting after subsection (e) the 
following new subsection (f):
    ``(f) Support for Stabilization Activities.--
            ``(1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense may, with the 
        concurrence of the Secretary of State and in consultation with 
        the Administrator of the United States Agency for International 
        Development, provide support for the stabilization activities 
        of the Department of State, the United States Agency for 
        International Development, and any other Federal agency on a 
        reimburseable or nonreimburseable basis.
            ``(2) Types of support.--The support provided under 
        paragraph (1) may consist of--
                    ``(A) logistic support, supplies, and services; or
                    ``(B) equipment.''.
    (e) Per Project and Aggregate Cost Limitations for Construction and 
Repair Projects.--Subsection (l) of such section, as added by section 
1223(d) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2018 
(Public Law 115-91; 131 Stat. 1653), is amended to read as follows:
    ``(l) Limitation on Cost of Construction and Repair Projects.--
            ``(1) In general.--The cost of construction and repair 
        projects carried out under this section may not exceed, in any 
        fiscal year--
                    ``(A) $4,000,000 per project; or
                    ``(B) $12,000,000 in the aggregate.
            ``(2) Foreign contributions.--The limitation under 
        paragraph (1) shall not apply to the expenditure of foreign 
        contributions in excess of the per-project or aggregate 
        limitation set forth in that paragraph.''.
    (f) Inclusion of Limitation Pending Report.--Such section is 
further amended by adding at the end the following new subsection:
    ``(n) Limitation Pending Report.--None of the funds authorized to 
be appropriated for fiscal year 2020 for the Department of Defense may 
be obligated or expended for activities under this section until 30 
days after the date on which the Secretary of Defense submits an 
unclassified report, with a classified annex if necessary, to the 
congressional defense committees setting forth the following:
            ``(1) A description of the efforts the United States will 
        undertake to train and equip appropriately vetted Syrian groups 
        and individuals for the purposes described in subsection (a).
            ``(2) A detailed description of the appropriately vetted 
        Syrian groups and individuals to be trained and equipped under 
        this section, including a description of their geographical 
        locations, demographic profiles, political affiliations, and 
        current capabilities.
            ``(3) A detailed description of planned capabilities, 
        including categories of training, equipment, financial support, 
        sustainment, and supplies, intended to be provided to 
        appropriately vetted Syrian groups and individuals under this 
        section, and timelines for delivery.
            ``(4) A description of the planned posture of United States 
        forces and the planned level of engagement by such forces with 
        appropriately vetted Syrian groups and individuals, including 
        the oversight of equipment provided under this section and the 
        activities conducted by such appropriately vetted Syrian groups 
        and individuals.
            ``(5) An explanation of the processes and mechanisms for 
        local commanders of such forces to exercise command and control 
        of the elements of the appropriately vetted Syrian groups and 
        individuals after such elements have been trained and equipped 
        under this section.
            ``(6) A detailed explanation of the relationship between 
        appropriately vetted recipients and civilian governance 
        authorities and a description of efforts to ensure 
        appropriately vetted recipients are subject to the control of 
        competent civilian authorities.''.

SEC. 1222. EXTENSION OF AUTHORITY AND LIMITATION ON USE OF FUNDS TO 
              PROVIDE ASSISTANCE TO COUNTER THE ISLAMIC STATE OF IRAQ 
              AND SYRIA.

    (a) Extension.--Subsection (a) of section 1236 of the Carl Levin 
and Howard P. ``Buck'' McKeon National Defense Authorization Act for 
Fiscal Year 2015 (Public Law 113-291; 128 Stat. 3559), as most recently 
amended by section 1233(a) of the John S. McCain National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2019 (Public Law 115-232), is further 
amended by striking ``December 31, 2020'' and inserting ``December 31, 
2021''.
    (b) Funding.--Subsection (g) of such section, as most recently 
amended by section 1233(b) of the John S. McCain National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2019, is further amended--
            (1) by striking ``fiscal year 2019'' and inserting ``fiscal 
        year 2020''; and
            (2) by striking ``$850,000,000'' and inserting 
        ``$645,000,000''.
    (c) Limitation on Use of Funds.--Of the amounts authorized to be 
appropriated for fiscal year 2020 by this Act for activities under such 
section 1236, as amended by subsection (a), not more than $375,000,000 
may be obligated or expended for such activities until the date on 
which the Secretary of Defense submits to the congressional defense 
committees a report setting forth the following:
            (1) An identification of the specific units of the Iraqi 
        Security Forces to receive training and equipment or other 
        support in fiscal year 2020.
            (2) A plan for ensuring that any vehicles or equipment 
        provided to the Iraqi Security Forces pursuant to such 
        authority are maintained in subsequent fiscal years using funds 
        of Iraq.
            (3) An estimate, by fiscal year, of the funding anticipated 
        to be required for support of the Iraqi Security Forces during 
        the five fiscal years beginning in fiscal year 2020.
            (4) A plan for normalizing assistance to the Iraqi Security 
        Forces under chapter 16 of title 10, United States Code, 
        beginning in fiscal year 2020.
            (5) A detailed plan for the obligation and expenditure of 
        the funds requested for fiscal year 2020 for the Department of 
        Defense for stipends.
            (6) A plan for the transition to the Government of Iraq the 
        responsibility for funding for stipends for any fiscal year 
        after fiscal year 2020.

SEC. 1223. EXTENSION AND MODIFICATION OF AUTHORITY TO SUPPORT 
              OPERATIONS AND ACTIVITIES OF THE OFFICE OF SECURITY 
              COOPERATION IN IRAQ.

    (a) Authority.--Section 1215 of the National Defense Authorization 
Act for Fiscal Year 2012 (10 U.S.C. 113 note) is amended--
            (1) by amending subsection (a) to read as follows:
    ``(a) Authority.--The Secretary of Defense may support United 
States Government security cooperation activities in Iraq by providing 
funds for operations and activities of the Office of Security 
Cooperation in Iraq.'';
            (2) by striking subsection (f);
            (3) in subsection (g)(2), by striking subparagraph (F); and
            (4) by redesignating subsection (g) as subsection (f).
    (b) Types of Support.--Subsection (b) of such section is amended by 
striking ``life support, transportation and personal security, and 
construction and renovation of facilities'' and inserting ``life 
support, transportation, and personal security''.
    (c) Amount Available.--Such section is further amended--
            (1) in subsection (c)--
                    (A) by striking ``fiscal year 2019'' and inserting 
                ``fiscal year 2020''; and
                    (B) by striking ``$45,300,000'' and inserting 
                ``$30,000,000''; and
            (2) in subsection (d), by striking ``fiscal year 2019'' and 
        inserting ``fiscal year 2020''.
    (d) Coverage of Costs of the Office of Security Cooperation in 
Iraq.--Subsection (e) of such section is amended by striking 
``activities of security assistance teams in Iraq in connection with 
such sale'' and inserting ``activities of the Office of Security 
Cooperation in Iraq in excess of the amount set forth in subsection 
(c)''.

SEC. 1224. COORDINATOR OF UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT ACTIVITIES AND 
              MATTERS IN CONNECTION WITH DETAINEES WHO ARE MEMBERS OF 
              THE ISLAMIC STATE OF IRAQ AND SYRIA.

    (a) In General.--Not later than 90 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the President shall, in consultation with the 
Secretary of Defense, the Secretary of State, the Director of National 
Intelligence, and the Attorney General, designate an existing official 
within the Executive Branch to serve as senior-level coordinator to 
coordinate, in conjunction with the lead and other relevant agencies, 
all matters for the United States Government relating to the long-term 
disposition of members of the Islamic State of Iraq and Syria (ISIS) 
and associated forces (in this section referred to as ``ISIS 
detainees''), including all matters in connection with--
            (1) repatriation, transfer, prosecution, and intelligence-
        gathering; and
            (2) all multilateral and international engagements led by 
        the Department of State and other agencies that are related to 
        the current and future handling, detention, and prosecution of 
        ISIS detainees.
    (b) Retention of Authority.--The appointment of a senior-level 
coordinator pursuant to subsection (a) shall not deprive any agency of 
any authority to independently perform functions of that agency.
    (c) Annual Report.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
        the enactment of this Act, and not less frequently than once 
        each year thereafter through December 31, 2024, the individual 
        designated under subsection (a) shall submit to the appropriate 
        committees of Congress a detailed report regarding the 
        following ISIS detainees:
                    (A) Alexanda Kotey.
                    (B) El Shafee Elsheikh.
                    (C) Aine Lesley Davis.
                    (D) Umm Sayyaf.
                    (E) Any other high-value ISIS detainee that the 
                coordinator reasonably determines to be subject to 
                criminal prosecution in the United States.
            (2) Elements.--The report under paragraph (1) shall 
        include, at a minimum, the following:
                    (A) A detailed description of the facilities where 
                ISIS detainees described in paragraph (1) are being 
                held.
                    (B) An analysis of all United States efforts to 
                prosecute ISIS detainees described in paragraph (1) and 
                the outcomes of such efforts. Any information, the 
                disclosure of which may violate Department of Justice 
                policy or law, relating to a prosecution or 
                investigation may be withheld from a report under 
                paragraph (1).
                    (C) A detailed description of any option to 
                expedite prosecution of any ISIS detainee described in 
                paragraph (1), including in a court of competent 
                jurisdiction outside of the United States.
                    (D) An analysis of factors on the ground in Syria 
                and Iraq that may result in the unintended release of 
                ISIS detainees described in paragraph (1), and an 
                assessment of any measures available to mitigate such 
                releases.
                    (E) A detailed description of all multilateral and 
                other international efforts or proposals that would 
                assist in the prosecution of ISIS detainees described 
                in paragraph (1).
                    (F) An analysis of all efforts between the United 
                States and partner countries within the Global 
                Coalition to Defeat ISIS or other countries to share 
                intelligence or evidence that may aid in the 
                prosecution of members of the Islamic State of Iraq and 
                Syria and associated forces, and any legal obstacles 
                that may hinder such efforts.
                    (G) An analysis of the manner in which the United 
                States Government communicates on such proposals and 
                efforts to the families of United States citizens 
                believed to be a victim of a criminal act by an ISIS 
                detainee.
            (3) Form.--The report under paragraph (1) shall be 
        submitted in unclassified form, but may include a classified 
        annex.
    (d) Appropriate Committees of Congress Defined.--In this section, 
the term ``appropriate committees of Congress'' means--
            (1) the Committee on Armed Services, the Committee on 
        Foreign Relations, the Committee on the Judiciary, the Select 
        Committee on Intelligence, and the Committee on Appropriations 
        of the Senate; and
            (2) the Committee on Armed Services, the Committee on 
        Foreign Affairs, the Committee on the Judiciary, the Permanent 
        Select Committee on Intelligence, and the Committee on 
        Appropriations of the House of Representatives.

SEC. 1225. REPORT ON LESSONS LEARNED FROM EFFORTS TO LIBERATE MOSUL AND 
              RAQQAH FROM CONTROL OF THE ISLAMIC STATE OF IRAQ AND 
              SYRIA.

    (a) Report Required.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the 
congressional defense committees a report on lessons learned from 
coalition operations to liberate Mosul, Iraq, and Raqqah, Syria, from 
control of the Islamic State of Iraq and Syria (ISIS).
    (b) Elements.--The report required by subsection (a) shall include 
a description of lessons learned in connection with each of the 
following:
            (1) Combat in densely populated urban environments.
            (2) Enablement of partner forces, including unique aspects 
        of conducting combined operations with regular and irregular 
        forces.
            (3) Advise, assist, and accompany efforts, including such 
        efforts conducted remotely.
            (4) Integration of United States general purpose and 
        special operations forces.
            (5) Integration of United States and international forces.
            (6) Irregular and unconventional warfare approaches, 
        including the application of training and doctrine by special 
        operations and general purpose forces.
            (7) Use of command, control, communications, computer, 
        intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance systems and 
        techniques.
            (8) Logistics.
            (9) Information operations.
            (10) Targeting and weaponeering, including efforts to avoid 
        civilian casualties and other collateral damage.
            (11) Facilitation of flows of internally displaced people 
        and humanitarian assistance.
            (12) Such other matters as the Secretary considers 
        appropriate and could benefit training, doctrine, and 
        resourcing of future operations.
    (c) Form.--The report required by subsection (a) shall be submitted 
in unclassified form, but may include a classified annex.

   Subtitle D--Matters Relating to Europe and the Russian Federation

SEC. 1231. PROHIBITION ON AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS RELATING TO SOVEREIGNTY 
              OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION OVER CRIMEA.

    (a) Prohibition.--None of the funds authorized to be appropriated 
by this Act or otherwise made available for fiscal year 2020 for the 
Department of Defense may be obligated or expended to implement any 
activity that recognizes the sovereignty of the Russian Federation over 
Crimea.
    (b) Waiver.--The Secretary of Defense, with the concurrence of the 
Secretary of State, may waive the prohibition under subsection (a) if 
the Secretary of Defense--
            (1) determines that a waiver is in the national security 
        interest of the United States; and
            (2) on the date on which the waiver is invoked, submits a 
        notification of the waiver and a justification of the reason 
        for seeking the waiver to--
                    (A) the Committee on Armed Services and the 
                Committee on Foreign Relations of the Senate; and
                    (B) the Committee on Armed Services and the 
                Committee on Foreign Affairs of the House of 
                Representatives.

SEC. 1232. PROHIBITION ON USE OF FUNDS FOR WITHDRAWAL OF ARMED FORCES 
              FROM EUROPE IN THE EVENT OF UNITED STATES WITHDRAWAL FROM 
              THE NORTH ATLANTIC TREATY.

    Notwithstanding any other provision of law, if the President 
provides notice of withdrawal of the United States from the North 
Atlantic Treaty, done at Washington D.C. April 4, 1949, pursuant to 
Article 13 of the Treaty, during the one-year period beginning on the 
date of such notice, no funds authorized to be appropriated by this Act 
may be obligated, expended, or reprogrammed for the withdrawal of the 
United States Armed Forces from Europe.

SEC. 1233. EXTENSION OF LIMITATION ON MILITARY COOPERATION BETWEEN THE 
              UNITED STATES AND THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION.

    Subsection (a) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328; 130 Stat. 2488), as most recently 
amended by section 1247 of the John S. McCain National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2019 (Public Law 115-232), is further 
amended in the matter preceding paragraph (1) by striking ``fiscal year 
2017, 2018, or 2019'' and inserting ``fiscal year 2017, 2018, 2019, or 
2020''.

SEC. 1234. MODIFICATION AND EXTENSION OF UKRAINE SECURITY ASSISTANCE 
              INITIATIVE.

    Section 1250 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 2016 (Public Law 114-92; 129 Stat. 1068), as most recently amended 
by section 1246 of the John S. McCain National Defense Authorization 
Act for Fiscal Year 2019 (Public Law 115-232), is further amended--
            (1) in subsection (a), in the matter preceding paragraph 
        (1), by striking ``in coordination with the Secretary of 
        State'' and inserting ``with the concurrence of the Secretary 
        of State'';
            (2) in subsection (b)--
                    (A) by amending paragraph (11) to read as follows:
            ``(11) Air defense and coastal defense radars, and systems 
        to support effective command and control and integration of air 
        defense and coastal defense capabilities.'';
                    (B) by redesignating paragraphs (14) and (15) as 
                paragraphs (15) and (16), respectively;
                    (C) by inserting after paragraph (13) the following 
                new paragraph (14):
            ``(14) Coastal defense and anti-ship missile systems.''; 
        and
                    (D) in paragraph (15), as so redesignated, by 
                striking ``paragraphs (1) through (13)'' and inserting 
                ``paragraphs (1) through (14)'';
            (3) in subsection (c), by amending paragraph (5) to read as 
        follows:
            ``(5) Lethal assistance.--Of the funds available for fiscal 
        year 2020 pursuant to subsection (f)(5), $100,000,000 shall be 
        available only for lethal assistance described in paragraphs 
        (2), (3), (11), (12), and (14) of subsection (b).'';
            (4) in subsection (f), by adding at the end the following 
        new paragraph:
            ``(5) For fiscal year 2020, $300,000,000.''; and
            (5) in subsection (h), by striking ``December 31, 2021'' 
        and inserting ``December 31, 2022''.

SEC. 1235. EXTENSION OF AUTHORITY FOR TRAINING FOR EASTERN EUROPEAN 
              NATIONAL SECURITY FORCES IN THE COURSE OF MULTILATERAL 
              EXERCISES.

    Subsection (h) of section 1251 of the National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2016 (10 U.S.C. 333 note) is 
amended--
            (1) in the first sentence, by striking ``December 31, 
        2020'' and inserting ``December 31, 2022''; and
            (2) in the second sentence, by striking ``for for the 
        period beginning on October 1, 2015, and ending on December 31, 
        2020'' and inserting ``for the period beginning on October 1, 
        2015, and ending on December 31, 2022''.

SEC. 1236. LIMITATION ON TRANSFER OF F-35 AIRCRAFT TO THE REPUBLIC OF 
              TURKEY.

    (a) Limitation.--Except as provided in subsection (b), none of the 
funds authorized to be appropriated by this Act or otherwise made 
available for the Department of Defense may be used to do the 
following:
            (1) Transfer, or facilitate the transfer of, F-35 aircraft 
        to the territory of the Republic of Turkey.
            (2) Transfer equipment, intellectual property, or technical 
        data necessary for or related to the maintenance or support of 
        the F-35 aircraft in the territory of the Republic of Turkey.
            (3) Construct facilities for or otherwise associated with 
        the storage of F-35 aircraft in the territory of the Republic 
        of Turkey.
    (b) Waiver.--The Secretary of Defense, with the concurrence of the 
Secretary of State, may waive the limitation under subsection (a) if 
the Secretary of Defense and the Secretary of State submit to the 
congressional defense committees, the Committee on Foreign Relations of 
the Senate, and the Committee on Foreign Affairs of the House of 
Representatives a certification that the Government of Turkey--
            (1) has not accepted delivery of the S-400 air and missile 
        defense system from the Russian Federation; and
            (2) has provided reliable assurances that the Government of 
        Turkey will not accept delivery of the S-400 air and missile 
        defense system from the Russian Federation in the future.

SEC. 1237. MODIFICATIONS OF BRIEFING, NOTIFICATION, AND REPORTING 
              REQUIREMENTS RELATING TO NON-COMPLIANCE BY THE RUSSIAN 
              FEDERATION WITH ITS OBLIGATIONS UNDER THE INF TREATY.

    (a) Briefing Requirement.--Section 1244(d) of the Carl Levin and 
Howard P. ``Buck'' McKeon National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 2015 (Public Law 113-291; 128 Stat. 3565; 22 U.S.C. 2593a note)--
            (1) by striking ``At the time'' and inserting the 
        following:
                    ``(A) In general.--At the time''; and
            (2) by adding at the end the following new subparagraph:
                    ``(B) Sunset.--The briefing requirement under 
                subparagraph (A) shall be in effect so long as the INF 
                Treaty remains in force.''.
    (b) Notification Requirement Relating to Coordination With 
Allies.--Section 1243(c) of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
Fiscal Year 2016 (Public Law 114-92; 129 Stat. 1601) is amended by 
adding at the end the following new paragraph:
            ``(3) Sunset.--The notification requirement under paragraph 
        (1) shall be in effect so long as the INF Treaty remains in 
        force.''.
    (c) Notification Requirement Relating to Development, Deployment, 
or Test of a System Inconsistent With INF Treaty.--Section 1244(a) of 
the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2018 (Public Law 
115-91; 131 Stat. 1673; 22 U.S.C. 2593a note) is amended by adding at 
the end the following new paragraph:
            ``(3) Sunset.--The notification requirement under paragraph 
        (1) shall be in effect so long as the INF Treaty remains in 
        force.''.
    (d) Reporting Requirement Under Ukraine Freedom Support Act of 
2014.--Section 10(c) of the Ukraine Freedom Support Act of 2014 (22 
U.S.C. 8929) is amended by adding at the end the following new 
paragraph:
            ``(3) Sunset.--The reporting requirement under paragraph 
        (1) shall be in effect so long as the INF Treaty remains in 
        force.''.

SEC. 1238. EXTENSION AND MODIFICATION OF SECURITY ASSISTANCE FOR BALTIC 
              NATIONS FOR JOINT PROGRAM FOR INTEROPERABILITY AND 
              DETERRENCE AGAINST AGGRESSION.

    (a) Additional Defense Articles and Services.--Subsection (c) of 
section 1279D of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 
2018 (Public Law 115-91; 131 Stat. 1702; 22 U.S.C. 2753 note) is 
amended--
            (1) by redesignating paragraph (5) as paragraph (6); and
            (2) by inserting after paragraph (4) the following new 
        paragraph (5):
            ``(5) Command, control, communications, computers, 
        intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance (C4ISR) 
        equipment.''.
    (b) Funding.--Subsection (f) of such section is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (2), by striking ``$100,000,000'' and 
        inserting ``$125,000,000''; and
            (2) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
            ``(3) Matching amount.--The amount of assistance provided 
        under subsection (a) for procurement described in subsection 
        (b) may not exceed the aggregate amount contributed to such 
        procurement by the Baltic nations.''.
    (c) Extension.--Subsection (g) of such section is amended by 
striking ``December 31, 2020'' and inserting ``December 31, 2022''.

SEC. 1239. REPORT ON NORTH ATLANTIC TREATY ORGANIZATION READINESS 
              INITIATIVE.

    (a) Report.--Not later than October 1, 2020, the Secretary of 
Defense shall submit to the congressional defense committees a report 
on the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) Readiness Initiative, 
which shall include assessments of the following:
            (1) The number of units North Atlantic Treaty Organization 
        allies have pledged against the benchmark to provide an 
        additional 30 air attack squadrons, 30 naval combat vessels, 
        and 30 mechanized battalions ready to fight in not more than 30 
        days.
            (2) The procedure by which the North Atlantic Treaty 
        Organization certifies, reports, and ensures that the Supreme 
        Allied Commander Europe (SACEUR) maintains a detailed 
        understanding of the readiness of the forces described in 
        paragraph (1).
            (3) The North Atlantic Treaty Organization plan to maintain 
        the readiness of such forces in future years.
    (b) Form.--The report required by subsection (a) shall be submitted 
in unclassified form, but may include a classified annex.

SEC. 1240. REPORTS ON CONTRIBUTIONS TO THE NORTH ATLANTIC TREATY 
              ORGANIZATION.

    (a) In General.--Beginning in 2020, and annually thereafter through 
2025, not later than 30 days after the date on which the annual report 
of the Secretary General of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization for 
the preceding calendar year is published, the Secretary of Defense, in 
consultation with the Commander of United States European Command, 
shall submit to the appropriate committees of Congress a report that 
includes the following:
            (1) A link to an electronic version of such annual report 
        of the Secretary General of the North Atlantic Treaty 
        Organization.
            (2) A summary of the key findings of such annual report.
            (3) A description of the significant financial 
        contributions by member countries of the North Atlantic Treaty 
        Organization that support the presence or operations of the 
        United States Armed Forces in Europe.
            (4) An assessment of the progress of each member country of 
        the North Atlantic Treaty Organization toward meeting the North 
        Atlantic Treaty Organization capability targets for such member 
        country.
            (5) An assessment of North Atlantic Treaty Organization 
        capability and capacity shortfalls that may be addressed 
        through investment by North Atlantic Treaty Organization member 
        countries that have not met the Defense Investment Pledge made 
        at the 2014 summit of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization in 
        Wales.
            (6) A description of the contribution of each member 
        country of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization to the NATO 
        Readiness Initiative.
            (7) A description of--
                    (A) the personnel and financial contributions of 
                each member country of the North Atlantic Treaty 
                Organization to military or stability operations in 
                which the United States Armed Forces are a participant; 
                and
                    (B) any limitation placed by such member country on 
                the use of such contributions.
            (8) An assessment of the compatibility and alignment of 
        United States and North Atlantic Treaty Organization 
        contingency plans, including recommendations to reduce the risk 
        of executing such plans.
            (9) An assessment of current North Atlantic Treaty 
        Organization initiatives, and any recommendations for future 
        reforms or initiatives, to accelerate the speed of decision and 
        deployability of North Atlantic Treaty Organization forces.
    (b) Form.--Each report under subsection (a) shall be submitted in 
unclassified form, but may include a classified annex.
    (c) Appropriate Committees of Congress Defined.--In this section, 
the term ``appropriate committees of Congress'' means--
            (1) the Committee on Armed Services and the Committee on 
        Foreign Relations of the Senate; and
            (2) the Committee on Armed Services and the Committee on 
        Foreign Affairs of the House of Representatives.

SEC. 1241. FUTURE YEARS PLANS FOR EUROPEAN DETERRENCE INITIATIVE.

    (a) Plan Required.--
            (1) Initial plan.--
                    (A) In general.--Not later than December 31, 2019, 
                the Secretary of Defense, in consultation with the 
                Commander of the United States European Command, shall 
                submit to the congressional defense committees a future 
                years plan on activities and resources of the European 
                Deterrence Initiative (EDI) for fiscal year 2020 and 
                not fewer than the four succeeding fiscal years.
                    (B) Matters to be included.--The plan required 
                under subparagraph (A) shall include the following:
                            (i) A description of the objectives of the 
                        European Deterrence Initiative, including a 
                        description of--
                                    (I) the intended force structure 
                                and posture of the assigned and 
                                allocated forces within the area of 
                                responsibility of the United States 
                                European Command for the last fiscal 
                                year of the plan; and
                                    (II) the manner in which such force 
                                structure and posture support the 
                                implementation of the National Defense 
                                Strategy.
                            (ii) An assessment of capabilities 
                        requirements to achieve the objectives of the 
                        European Deterrence Initiative.
                            (iii) An assessment of logistics 
                        requirements, including personnel, equipment, 
                        supplies, storage, and maintenance needs, to 
                        achieve the objectives of the European 
                        Deterrence Initiative.
                            (iv) An identification of required 
                        infrastructure and military construction 
                        investments to achieve the objectives of the 
                        European Deterrence Initiative, including 
                        potential infrastructure investments by host 
                        nations.
                            (v) An assessment of security cooperation 
                        investments required to achieve the objectives 
                        of the European Deterrence Initiative.
                            (vi) A plan to fully resource United States 
                        force posture and capabilities, including--
                                    (I) a detailed assessment of the 
                                resources necessary to address the 
                                requirements described in clauses (i) 
                                through (v), including specific cost 
                                estimates for each project in the 
                                European Deterrence Initiative to 
                                support increased presence, exercises 
                                and training, enhanced prepositioning, 
                                improved infrastructure, and building 
                                partnership capacity; and
                                    (II) a detailed timeline to achieve 
                                the intended force structure and 
                                posture described in clause (i)(I).
            (2) Subsequent plan.--
                    (A) In general.--Not later than the date on which 
                the Secretary submits to Congress the budget request 
                for the Department of Defense for fiscal year 2021, the 
                Secretary, in consultation with the Commander of the 
                United States European Command, shall submit to the 
                congressional defense committees a future years plan on 
                activities and resources of the European Deterrence 
                Initiative for fiscal year 2021 and not fewer than the 
                four succeeding fiscal years.
                    (B) Matters to be included.--The plan required 
                under subparagraph (A) shall include--
                            (i) the matters described in subparagraph 
                        (B) of paragraph (1); and
                            (ii) a detailed explanation of any 
                        significant modifications in requirements or 
                        resources, as compared to the plan submitted 
                        under that paragraph.
    (b) Form.--The plans required under subsection (a) shall be 
submitted in unclassified form, but may include a classified annex.

SEC. 1242. MODIFICATION OF REPORTING REQUIREMENTS RELATING TO THE OPEN 
              SKIES TREATY.

    (a) Plan for Implementation Flights.--Section 1235(a) of the 
National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2018 (Public Law 
115-91; 131 Stat. 1660) is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (1)--
                    (A) by striking ``the President'' and inserting 
                ``the Secretary of Defense''; and
                    (B) by striking ``with respect to such fiscal 
                year'' and inserting ``with respect to the calendar 
                year in which the flight is to be conducted'';
            (2) in paragraph (2), by striking ``during such fiscal 
        year'' and inserting ``during such calendar year''; and
            (3) in paragraph (3), by striking ``with respect to a 
        fiscal year'' and inserting ``with respect to a calendar 
        year''.
    (b) Quarterly Reports on Observation Flights by the Russian 
Federation.--
            (1) In general.--Paragraph (1) of subsection (c) of section 
        1236 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 
        2017 (Public Law 114-328; 130 Stat. 2491) is amended by 
        striking ``on a quarterly basis'' and inserting ``on an annual 
        basis''.
            (2) Conforming amendment.--Such subsection is further 
        amended, in the subsection heading, by striking ``Quarterly'' 
        and inserting ``Annual''.

SEC. 1243. REPORT ON NUCLEAR WEAPONS OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION AND 
              NUCLEAR MODERNIZATION OF THE PEOPLE'S REPUBLIC OF CHINA.

    (a) In General.--Not later than February 15, 2020, the Secretary of 
Defense, in coordination with the Director of National Intelligence and 
the Secretary of State, shall submit to the appropriate committees of 
Congress a report that includes the following:
            (1) An assessment of the deployed nuclear weapons of the 
        Russian Federation not covered by the New START Treaty.
            (2) An assessment of the nuclear weapons of the Russian 
        Federation in development that would not be covered by the New 
        START Treaty.
            (3) An assessment of the strategic nuclear weapons of the 
        Russian Federation that are not deployed.
            (4) An assessment of the efforts of the People's Republic 
        of China with respect to nuclear modernization.
            (5) The implications of such assessments with respect to 
        the limitations on strategic weapons of the United States and 
        the Russian Federation under the New START Treaty.
    (b) Form.--The report under subsection (a) shall be submitted in 
unclassified form, but may include a classified annex.
    (c) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) Appropriate committees of congress.--The term 
        ``appropriate committees of Congress'' means--
                    (A) the Committee on Armed Services, the Select 
                Committee on Intelligence, and the Committee on Foreign 
                Relations of the Senate; and
                    (B) the Committee on Armed Services, the Permanent 
                Select Committee on Intelligence, and the Committee on 
                Foreign Affairs of the House of Representatives.
            (2) New start treaty.--The term ``New START Treaty'' means 
        the Treaty between the United States of America and the Russian 
        Federation on Measures for the Further Reduction and Limitation 
        of Strategic Offensive Arms, signed on April 8, 2010, and 
        entered into force on February 5, 2011.

SEC. 1244. SENSE OF SENATE ON THE 70TH ANNIVERSARY OF THE NORTH 
              ATLANTIC TREATY ORGANIZATION.

    Commemorating the 70th anniversary of the North Atlantic Treaty 
Organization (NATO), the Senate--
            (1) recognizes the North Atlantic Treaty Organization as 
        the most successful military alliance in history, founded on 
        the principles of democracy, individual liberty, and the rule 
        of law;
            (2) commends the singular contributions of the North 
        Atlantic Treaty Organization to the security, prosperity, and 
        freedom of its members;
            (3) upholds membership in the North Atlantic Treaty 
        Organization as a cornerstone of the security and national 
        defense of the United States;
            (4) affirms the ironclad commitment of the United States to 
        uphold its obligations under the North Atlantic Treaty, 
        including under Article 5 of such treaty;
            (5) honors the contributions of North Atlantic Treaty 
        Organization allies to the security of the United States, 
        including the invocation of Article 5 of the North Atlantic 
        Treaty after the September 11, 2001, terrorist attacks against 
        the United States;
            (6) urges North Atlantic Treaty Organization allies to 
        uphold their obligations under Article 3 of the North Atlantic 
        Treaty to ``maintain and develop their individual and 
        collective capacity to resist armed attack'' by honoring the 
        Defense Investment Pledge made at the Wales Summit in 2014;
            (7) notes the commitment of North Atlantic Treaty 
        Organization allies to contribute to strengthening their free 
        institutions, bringing about a better understanding of the 
        principles on which such institutions are founded and promoting 
        conditions of stability and well-being; and
            (8) welcomes efforts to reform and modernize the North 
        Atlantic Treaty Organization to meet current and future 
        threats, including though accelerated modernization, improved 
        readiness, command structure adaptation, and increased speed of 
        alliance decision-making.

SEC. 1245. SENSE OF SENATE ON UNITED STATES FORCE POSTURE IN EUROPE AND 
              THE REPUBLIC OF POLAND.

    It is the sense of the Senate that--
            (1) the 2018 National Defense Strategy identifies long-term 
        strategic competition with the Russian Federation as a 
        principal priority for the Department of Defense that requires 
        increased and sustained investment;
            (2) despite significant progress through the European 
        Deterrence Initiative, the current force posture of the United 
        States is not yet sufficient to support the National Defense 
        Strategy;
            (3) due to the geostrategic location and capabilities of 
        the armed forces of the Republic of Poland, the Republic of 
        Poland is critical to deterring, defending against, and 
        defeating Russian aggression against North Atlantic Treaty 
        Organization allies in Central and Eastern Europe; and
            (4) the United States should increase the persistent 
        presence of United States forces in the Republic of Poland, 
        including key combat enabler units such as warfighting 
        headquarters elements--
                    (A) to enhance deterrence against Russian 
                aggression; and
                    (B) to reduce the risk of executing Department of 
                Defense contingency plans.

SEC. 1246. SENSE OF SENATE ON UNITED STATES PARTNERSHIP WITH THE 
              REPUBLIC OF GEORGIA.

    It is the sense of the Senate that the United States should--
            (1) promote the enduring strategic partnership of the 
        United States with the Republic of Georgia;
            (2) support robust security sector assistance for the 
        Republic of Georgia, including defensive lethal assistance--
                    (A) to strengthen the defense capabilities and 
                readiness of the Republic of Georgia;
                    (B) to improve interoperability with North Atlantic 
                Treaty Organization (NATO) forces; and
                    (C) to bolster deterrence against aggression by the 
                Russian Federation;
            (3) enhance security in the Black Sea region by increasing 
        engagement and security cooperation with Black Sea countries, 
        including by increasing the frequency, scale, and scope of 
        North Atlantic Treaty Organization and other multilateral 
        exercises in the Black Sea region with the participation of the 
        Republic of Georgia and Ukraine; and
            (4) affirm support for the North Atlantic Treaty 
        Organization open door policy, including the eventual 
        membership of the Republic of Georgia in the North Atlantic 
        Treaty Organization.

        Subtitle E--Matters Relating to the Indo-Pacific Region

SEC. 1251. LIMITATION ON USE OF FUNDS TO REDUCE THE TOTAL NUMBER OF 
              MEMBERS OF THE ARMED FORCES IN THE TERRITORY OF THE 
              REPUBLIC OF KOREA.

    None of the funds authorized to be appropriated by this Act may be 
used to reduce the total number of members of the Armed Forces in the 
territory of the Republic of Korea below 28,500 until 90 days after the 
date on which the Secretary of Defense certifies to the congressional 
defense committees the following:
            (1) Such a reduction is in the national security interest 
        of the United States and will not significantly undermine the 
        security of United States allies in the region.
            (2) Such a reduction is commensurate with a reduction in 
        the threat posed to the security of the United States and its 
        allies in the region by the conventional military forces of the 
        Democratic People's Republic of Korea.
            (3) The Secretary has appropriately consulted with allies 
        of the United States, including the Republic of Korea and 
        Japan, regarding such a reduction.

SEC. 1252. EXPANSION OF INDO-PACIFIC MARITIME SECURITY INITIATIVE.

    Section 1263(b) of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
Fiscal Year 2016 (10 U.S.C. 333 note) is amended by adding at the end 
the following new paragraphs:
            ``(8) The Federated States of Micronesia.
            ``(9) The Kingdom of Tonga.
            ``(10) Papua New Guinea.
            ``(11) The Republic of Fiji.
            ``(12) The Republic of the Marshall Islands.
            ``(13) The Republic of Palau.
            ``(14) The Republic of Vanuatu.
            ``(15) The Solomon Islands.''.

SEC. 1253. MODIFICATION OF ANNUAL REPORT ON MILITARY AND SECURITY 
              DEVELOPMENTS INVOLVING THE PEOPLE'S REPUBLIC OF CHINA.

    Paragraph (26) of section 1202(b) of the National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2000 (10 U.S.C. 113 note) is amended 
to read as follows:
            ``(26) The relationship between Chinese overseas 
        investment, including the Belt and Road Initiative and the 
        Digital Silk Road, and Chinese security and military strategy 
        objectives, including--
                    ``(A) an assessment of Chinese investments or 
                projects likely, or with significant potential, to be 
                converted into military assets of the People's Republic 
                of China;
                    ``(B) an assessment of Chinese investments or 
                projects of greatest concern with respect to United 
                States national security interests;
                    ``(C) a description of any Chinese investment or 
                project linked to military cooperation with the country 
                in which the investment or project is located, such as 
                cooperation on satellite navigation or arms production; 
                and
                    ``(D) an assessment of any Chinese investment or 
                project, and any associated agreement, that--
                            ``(i) presents significant financial risk 
                        for the country in which the investment or 
                        project is located; or
                            ``(ii) may undermine the sovereignty of 
                        such country.''.

SEC. 1254. REPORT ON RESOURCING UNITED STATES DEFENSE REQUIREMENTS FOR 
              THE INDO-PACIFIC REGION.

    (a) Report Required.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than January 31, 2020, the 
        Commander of United States Indo-Pacific Command shall submit to 
        the congressional defense committees a report containing the 
        independent assessment of the Commander with respect to the 
        activities and resources required, for fiscal years 2022 
        through 2026, to achieve the following objectives:
                    (A) The implementation of the National Defense 
                Strategy with respect to the Indo-Pacific region.
                    (B) The maintenance or restoration of the 
                comparative military advantage of the United States 
                with respect to the People's Republic of China.
                    (C) The reduction of the risk of executing 
                contingency plans of the Department of Defense.
            (2) Matters to be included.--The report required under 
        paragraph (1) shall include the following:
                    (A) A description of the intended force structure 
                and posture of assigned and allocated forces within the 
                area of responsibility of United States Indo-Pacific 
                Command for fiscal year 2026 to achieve the objectives 
                described in paragraph (1).
                    (B) An assessment of capabilities requirements to 
                achieve such objectives.
                    (C) An assessment of logistics requirements, 
                including personnel, equipment, supplies, storage, and 
                maintenance needs to achieve such objectives.
                    (D) An identification of required infrastructure 
                and military construction investments to achieve such 
                objectives.
                    (E) An assessment of security cooperation 
                activities or resources required to achieve such 
                objectives.
                    (F) A plan to fully resource United States force 
                posture and capabilities, including--
                            (i) a detailed assessment of the resources 
                        necessary to address the elements described in 
                        subparagraphs (A) through (E), including 
                        specific cost estimates for priority 
                        investments or projects--
                                    (I) to increase joint force 
                                lethality;
                                    (II) to enhance force design and 
                                posture;
                                    (III) to support a robust exercise, 
                                experimentation, and innovation 
                                program; and
                                    (IV) to strengthen cooperation with 
                                allies and partners; and
                            (ii) a detailed timeline to achieve the 
                        intended force structure and posture described 
                        in subparagraph (A).
            (3) Form.--The report required under paragraph (1) may be 
        submitted in classified form, but shall include an unclassified 
        summary.
            (4) Availability.--On submittal of the report to the 
        congressional defense committees, the Commander of United 
        States Indo-Pacific Command shall make the report available to 
        the Secretary of Defense, the Director of Cost Assessment and 
        Program Evaluation, the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, 
        the Secretaries of the military departments, and the chiefs of 
        staff of each military service.
    (b) Briefings Required.--
            (1) Initial briefing.--Not later than March 15, 2020, the 
        Secretary of Defense, the Director of Cost Assessment and 
        Program Evaluation, and the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of 
        Staff shall provide to the congressional defense committees a 
        joint briefing, and documents as appropriate, with respect to 
        their assessments of the report submitted under subsection (a), 
        including their assessments of the feasibility and advisability 
        of the plan required by paragraph (2)(F) of that subsection.
            (2) Subsequent briefing.--Not later than March 31, 2020, 
        the Secretary of the Air Force, the Secretary of the Army, and 
        the Secretary of the Navy shall provide to the congressional 
        defense committees a joint briefing, and documents as 
        appropriate, with respect to their assessments of the report 
        submitted under subsection (a), including their assessments of 
        the feasibility and advisability of the plan required by 
        paragraph (2)(F) of that subsection.

SEC. 1255. REPORT ON DISTRIBUTED LAY-DOWN OF UNITED STATES FORCES IN 
              THE INDO-PACIFIC REGION.

    (a) Review.--Acknowledging the pressing need to reduce the presence 
of the United States Marine Corps on Okinawa, Japan, and to accelerate 
adjustments to United States force posture in the Indo-Pacific region, 
the Secretary of Defense, in consultation with the Government of Japan 
and other foreign governments as necessary, shall conduct a review of 
the planned distribution of members of the United States Armed Forces 
in Okinawa, Guam, Hawaii, Australia, and elsewhere that is contemplated 
in support of the joint statement of the United States-Japan Security 
Consultative Committee issued April 26, 2012, in the District of 
Columbia (April 27, 2012, in Tokyo, Japan) and revised on October 3, 
2013, in Tokyo, hereafter referred to as the ``distributed lay-down''.
    (b) Elements.--The review required by subsection (a) shall include 
an updated analysis of the distributed lay-down, including--
            (1) an assessment of the impact of the distributed lay-down 
        on the ability of the Armed Forces to respond to current and 
        future contingencies in the area of responsibility of United 
        States Indo-Pacific Command that reflects contingency plans of 
        the Department of the Defense;
            (2) the projected total cost, including any past or 
        projected changes in cost;
            (3) a description of the adequacy of current and expected 
        training resources at each location associated with the 
        distributed lay-down, including the ability to train against 
        the full spectrum of threats from near-peer or peer threats any 
        projected limitations due to political, environmental, or other 
        limiting factors;
            (4) an assessment of political support for United States 
        force presence from host countries and local communities and 
        populations;
            (5) an analysis of growth potential for increased force 
        size or training; and
            (6) an updated and detailed description of any military 
        construction projects required to execute the distributed lay-
        down.
    (c) Certification.--Not later than 15 days after the completion of 
the review required by subsection (a), the Secretary of Defense shall 
submit to the congressional defense committees--
            (1) a certification that the Department of Defense will 
        continue implementation of the distributed lay-down; or
            (2) a notification that the Department of Defense intends 
        to seek revisions to the distributed lay-down in consultation 
        with the Government of Japan.
    (d) Report.--Not later than 120 days after the completion of the 
review required by subsection (a), the Secretary of Defense shall 
provide the congressional defense committees a report on the results of 
the review, including--
            (1) a detailed description of any recommendations for 
        revisions to the distributed lay-down such as alternative 
        locations for basing in Alaska, Hawaii, the continental United 
        States, Japan, and Oceania; and
            (2) an assessment of the results of the review and 
        recommendations described in paragraph (1) by the Chairman of 
        the Joint Chiefs of Staff.
    (e) Comptroller General Report.--Not later than 120 days after the 
submission of the report required by subsection (d), the Comptroller 
General of the United States shall submit to the congressional defense 
committees a report containing an analysis of the current status of the 
distributed lay-down, the review described in subsection (a), and the 
report described in subsection (d).

SEC. 1256. SENSE OF SENATE ON THE UNITED STATES-JAPAN ALLIANCE AND 
              DEFENSE COOPERATION.

    It is the sense of the Senate that--
            (1) the United States-Japan alliance remains the 
        cornerstone of peace and security for a free and open Indo-
        Pacific region;
            (2) although the United States Government does not take a 
        position on sovereignty of the Senkaku Islands, the United 
        States acknowledges that the islands are under the 
        administration of Japan and opposes any unilateral actions that 
        would seek to undermine their administration by Japan;
            (3) the unilateral actions of a third party will not affect 
        United States acknowledgment of the administration of Japan 
        over the Senkaku Islands, and the United States remains 
        committed under the Treaty of Mutual Cooperation and Security 
        with Japan to respond to any armed attack in the territories 
        under the administration of Japan;
            (4) Japan continues to make contributions to regional 
        security and prosperity that make the United States safer and 
        more prosperous;
            (5) the Government of Japan has played a critical 
        leadership role in promoting a free and open Indo-Pacific, 
        which is a primary objective of United States national security 
        policy, including through its efforts concerning trade, 
        investment, energy, rule of law, and good governance;
            (6) the Government of Japan has been instrumental improving 
        cooperation between the United States, Japan, Australia, and 
        India as well as improving relations with countries in the 
        Association of Southeast Asian Nations;
            (7) the Government of Japan has been a strong supporter of 
        United States efforts to achieve the complete and verifiable 
        denuclearization of North Korea, and has played a leading role 
        in enforcing United Nations Security Council Resolution 
        sanctions against North Korea;
            (8) the Government of Japan has taken significant steps to 
        enhance military capabilities for its own defense while 
        increasing its contributions to collective security, including 
        through passage of legislation concerning collective self-
        defense, the publication of the National Defense Program 
        Guidelines and the Mid-Term Defense Program, and record 
        investments in advanced defense capabilities in the maritime, 
        air, space, and cyber domains;
            (9) while it should continue to increase its defense 
        spending in order to make a greater contribution to allied 
        defense capabilities, the Government of Japan has made among 
        the most significant ``burden sharing'' contributions of any 
        United States ally, including through direct cost sharing, 
        paying for the realignment of United States forces currently 
        stationed in Okinawa, community support, and other alliance-
        related expenditures;
            (10) upcoming negotiations concerning a new Special 
        Measures Agreement between the United States and Japan should 
        be conducted in a spirit consistent with prior negotiations on 
        the basis of common interest and mutual respect; and
            (11) the United States and Japan should take actions to 
        enhance United States-Japan defense cooperation, including 
        through increased use of combined bases for allied operations, 
        further integration of allied command structures, consideration 
        of the establishment of a combined joint task force, enhanced 
        combined contingency planning for both conventional conflict 
        and so-called ``gray zone'' incidents, and opportunities for 
        co-development of defense equipment and technology cooperation.

SEC. 1257. SENSE OF SENATE ON ENHANCEMENT OF THE UNITED STATES-TAIWAN 
              DEFENSE RELATIONSHIP.

    It is the sense of the Senate that--
            (1) the Taiwan Relations Act (22 U.S.C. 3301 et seq.) and 
        the ``Six Assurances'' are both cornerstones of United States 
        relations with Taiwan;
            (2) the United States should strengthen defense and 
        security cooperation with Taiwan to support the development of 
        capable, ready, and modern defense forces necessary for Taiwan 
        to maintain a sufficient self-defense capability;
            (3) the United States should strongly support the 
        acquisition by Taiwan of defense articles and services through 
        foreign military sales, direct commercial sales, and industrial 
        cooperation, with an emphasis on anti-ship, coastal defense, 
        anti-armor, air defense, undersea warfare, advanced command, 
        control, communications, computer, intelligence, surveillance, 
        and reconnaissance (C4ISR), and resilient command and control 
        capabilities that support the asymmetric defense strategy of 
        Taiwan;
            (4) the President and Congress should determine the nature 
        and quantity of such defense articles and services based solely 
        upon their judgment of the needs of Taiwan as required by the 
        Taiwan Relations Act;
            (5) the United States should continue efforts to improve 
        the predictability of United States arms sales to Taiwan by 
        ensuring timely review of and response to requests of Taiwan 
        for defense articles and services;
            (6) the Secretary of Defense should promote policies 
        concerning exchanges that enhance the security of Taiwan 
        including--
                    (A) opportunities with Taiwan for practical 
                training and military exercises that--
                            (i) enable Taiwan to maintain a sufficient 
                        self-defense capability, as described in 
                        section 3(a) of the Taiwan Relations Act (22 
                        U.S.C. 3302(a)); and
                            (ii) emphasize capabilities consistent with 
                        the asymmetric defense strategy of Taiwan;
                    (B) exchanges between senior defense officials and 
                general officers of the United States and Taiwan, 
                consistent with the Taiwan Travel Act (Public Law 115-
                135), especially for the purpose of enhancing 
                cooperation on defense planning and improving the 
                interoperability of United States and Taiwan forces; 
                and
                    (C) opportunities for exchanges between junior 
                officers and senior enlisted personnel of the United 
                States and Taiwan;
            (7) the United States and Taiwan should expand cooperation 
        in humanitarian assistance and disaster relief;
            (8) the Secretary of Defense should consider supporting the 
        visit of a United States hospital ship to Taiwan as part of the 
        annual ``Pacific Partnership'' mission, as well as the 
        participation of Taiwan medical vessels in appropriate 
        exercises with the United States, in order to improve disaster 
        response planning and preparedness; and
            (9) the Secretary of Defense should continue regular 
        transits of United States Navy vessels through the Taiwan 
        Strait, commend the armed forces of France for their April 6, 
        2019, legal transit of the Taiwan Strait, and encourage allies 
        and partners to follow suit in conducting such transits, in 
        order to demonstrate the commitment of the United States and 
        its allies and partners to fly, sail, and operate anywhere 
        international law allows.

SEC. 1258. SENSE OF SENATE ON UNITED STATES-INDIA DEFENSE RELATIONSHIP.

    It is the sense of the Senate that the United States should 
strengthen and enhance its major defense partnership with India and 
work toward the following mutual security objectives:
            (1) Expanding engagement in multilateral frameworks, 
        including the quadrilateral dialogue among the United States, 
        India, Japan, and Australia, to promote regional security and 
        defend shared values and common interests in the rules-based 
        order.
            (2) Increasing the frequency and scope of exchanges between 
        senior civilian officials and military officers of the United 
        States and India to support the development and implementation 
        of the major defense partnership.
            (3) Exploring additional steps to implement the major 
        defense partner designation to better facilitate 
        interoperability, information sharing, and appropriate 
        technology transfers.
            (4) Pursuing strategic initiatives to help develop the 
        defense capabilities of India.
            (5) Conducting additional combined exercises with India in 
        the Persian Gulf, Indian Ocean, and western Pacific regions.
            (6) Furthering cooperative efforts to promote stability and 
        security in Afghanistan.

SEC. 1259. SENSE OF SENATE ON SECURITY COMMITMENTS TO THE GOVERNMENTS 
              OF JAPAN AND THE REPUBLIC OF KOREA AND TRILATERAL 
              COOPERATION AMONG THE UNITED STATES, JAPAN, AND THE 
              REPUBLIC OF KOREA.

    It is the sense of the Senate that--
            (1) the United States remains committed to its alliances 
        with Japan and the Republic of Korea, which are--
                    (A) the cornerstones of peace and stability in the 
                Indo-Pacific region; and
                    (B) based on the shared values of democracy, the 
                rule of law, free and open markets, and respect for 
                human rights;
            (2) cooperation among the United States, Japan, and the 
        Republic of Korea is essential for confronting global 
        challenges, including--
                    (A) preventing the proliferation of weapons of mass 
                destruction;
                    (B) combating piracy;
                    (C) assisting victims of conflict and disaster 
                worldwide;
                    (D) protecting maritime security; and
                    (E) ensuring freedom of navigation, commerce, and 
                overflight in the Indo-Pacific region;
            (3) the United States, Japan, and the Republic of Korea 
        share deep concern that the nuclear and ballistic missile 
        programs, the conventional military capabilities, and the 
        chemical and biological weapons programs of the Democratic 
        People's Republic of Korea, together with the long history of 
        aggression and provocation by the Democratic People's Republic 
        of Korea, pose grave threats to peace and stability on the 
        Korean Peninsula and in the Indo-Pacific region;
            (4) the United States welcomes greater security cooperation 
        with and between Japan and the Republic of Korea to promote 
        mutual interests and address shared concerns, including--
                    (A) the bilateral military intelligence-sharing 
                pact between Japan and the Republic of Korea, signed on 
                November 23, 2016; and
                    (B) the trilateral intelligence sharing agreement 
                among the United States, Japan, and the Republic of 
                Korea, signed on December 29, 2015; and
            (5) recognizing that the security of the United States, 
        Japan, and the Republic of Korea are intertwined because they 
        face common threats, including from the Democratic People's 
        Republic of Korea, the United States welcomes and encourages 
        deeper trilateral defense coordination and cooperation, 
        including through expanded exercises, training, senior-level 
        exchanges, and information sharing.

SEC. 1260. SENSE OF SENATE ON ENHANCED COOPERATION WITH PACIFIC ISLAND 
              COUNTRIES TO ESTABLISH OPEN-SOURCE INTELLIGENCE FUSION 
              CENTERS IN THE INDO-PACIFIC REGION.

    It is the sense of the Senate that--
            (1) the Pacific Island countries in the Indo-Pacific region 
        are critical partners of the United States;
            (2) the United States should take steps to enhance 
        collaboration with Pacific Island countries; and
            (3) United States Indo-Pacific Command should pursue the 
        establishment of one or more open-source intelligence fusion 
        centers in the Indo-Pacific region to enhance cooperation with 
        Pacific Island countries, which may include participation in an 
        existing fusion center of a partner or ally in lieu of 
        establishing an entirely new fusion center.

SEC. 1261. SENSE OF SENATE ON ENHANCING DEFENSE AND SECURITY 
              COOPERATION WITH THE REPUBLIC OF SINGAPORE.

    It is the sense of the Senate that--
            (1) the United States and the Republic of Singapore have 
        built a strong, enduring, and forward-looking strategic 
        partnership based on long-standing and mutually beneficial 
        cooperation, including through security, defense, economic, and 
        people-to-people ties;
            (2) robust security cooperation between the United States 
        and the Republic of Singapore is crucial to promoting peace and 
        stability in the Indo-Pacific region;
            (3) the status of the Republic of Singapore as a major 
        security cooperation partner of the United States, as 
        recognized in the 2005 Strategic Framework Agreement between 
        the United States and the Republic of Singapore for a Closer 
        Partnership in Defense and Security, plays an important role in 
        the global network of strategic partnerships, especially in 
        promoting maritime security and countering terrorism;
            (4) the United States highly values the Republic of 
        Singapore's provision of access to its military facilities, 
        which supports the continued security presence of the United 
        States in Southeast Asia and across the Indo-Pacific region;
            (5) the United States should continue to welcome the 
        presence of the Singapore Armed Forces in the United States for 
        exercises and training, and should consider opportunities to 
        expand such activities at additional locations in the United 
        States, as appropriate; and
            (6) as the United States and the Republic of Singapore 
        negotiate the renewal of the 1990 Memorandum of Understanding 
        Regarding the United States Use of Facilities in Singapore, the 
        United States should--
                    (A) continue to enhance defense and security 
                cooperation with the Republic of Singapore to promote 
                peace and stability in the Indo-Pacific region based on 
                common interests and shared values;
                    (B) reinforce the status of the Republic of 
                Singapore as a major security cooperation partner of 
                the United States;
                    (C) enhance defense cooperation in the military, 
                policy, strategic, and technological spheres, 
                especially concerning maritime security and 
                counterterrorism, counterpiracy, humanitarian 
                assistance and disaster relief, cybersecurity, and 
                biosecurity; and
                    (D) explore additional steps to better facilitate 
                military interoperability and information sharing 
                through appropriate technology transfers.

                          Subtitle F--Reports

SEC. 1271. REPORT ON COST IMPOSITION STRATEGY.

    (a) In General.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the 
congressional defense committees a report describing the cost 
imposition strategies of the Department of Defense with respect to the 
People's Republic of China and the Russian Federation.
    (b) Elements.--The report under subsection (a) shall include the 
following:
            (1) A description of the manner in which the future-years 
        defense program and current operational concepts of the 
        Department are designed to impose costs on the People's 
        Republic of China and the Russian Federation, including--
                    (A) political, economic, monetary, human capital, 
                and technology costs; and
                    (B) costs associated with military efficiency and 
                effectiveness.
            (2) A description of the policies and processes of the 
        Department relating to the development and execution of cost 
        imposition strategies.
    (c) Form.--The report under subsection (a) shall be submitted in 
classified form, and shall include an unclassified summary.

                       Subtitle G--Other Matters

SEC. 1281. NATO SPECIAL OPERATIONS HEADQUARTERS.

    Section 1244 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 2010 (Public Law 111-84; 123 Stat. 2541), as most recently amended 
by section 1280 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 2016 (Public Law 114-92; 129 Stat. 1080), is further amended--
            (1) in subsection (a), by striking ``each of fiscal years 
        2013 through 2020'' and inserting ``each of fiscal years 2013 
        through 2025'';
            (2) by striking subsection (c); and
            (3) by redesignating subsection (d) as subsection (c).

SEC. 1282. MODIFICATIONS OF AUTHORITIES RELATING TO ACQUISITION AND 
              CROSS-SERVICING AGREEMENTS.

    (a) Reimbursement for Cost of Logistic Support, Supplies, and 
Services.--Subsection (a) of section 2342 of title 10, United States 
Code, is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (2), by striking ``in return for'' and all 
        that follows through the period at the end and inserting the 
        following: ``in return for--
                    ``(A) the reciprocal provisions of logistic 
                support, supplies, and services by such government or 
                organization to elements of the armed forces; or
                    ``(B) cash reimbursement for the fully burdened 
                cost of the logistic support, supplies, and services 
                provided by the United States.''; and
            (2) by adding at the end the following new paragraphs:
            ``(3) A reciprocal transaction for logistic support, 
        supplies, and services shall be reconciled not later than one 
        year after the date on which the transaction occurs, at which 
        time the Secretary of Defense shall seek cash reimbursement for 
        the fully burdened cost of the logistic support, supplies, and 
        services provided by the United States that has not been offset 
        by the value of the logistic support, supplies, and services 
        provided by the recipient government or organization.
            ``(4) An agreement entered into under this section shall 
        require any accrued credits or liabilities resulting from an 
        unequal exchange of logistic support, supplies, and services to 
        be liquidated not less frequently than once every five 
        years.''.
    (b) Designation and Notice of Intent to Enter Into Agreement With 
Non-NATO Country.--Subsection (b) of such section is amended to read as 
follows:
    ``(b)(1) The Secretary of Defense may not designate a country for 
an agreement under this section unless--
            ``(A) the Secretary, after consultation with the Secretary 
        of State, determines that the designation of such country for 
        such purpose is in the interest of the national security of the 
        United States; and
            ``(B) in the case of a country that is not a member of the 
        North Atlantic Treaty Organization, the Secretary submits to 
        the appropriate committees of Congress notice of the intended 
        designation not less than 30 days before the date on which such 
        country is designated by the Secretary under subsection (a).
    ``(2) In the case of a country that is not a member of the North 
Atlantic Treaty Organization, the Secretary of Defense may not enter 
into an agreement under this section unless the Secretary submits to 
the appropriate committees of Congress a notice of intent to enter into 
such an agreement not less than 30 days before the date on which the 
Secretary enters into the agreement.''.
    (c) Oversight and Monitoring Responsibilities.--Such section is 
further amended--
            (1) by redesignating subsections (f) through (h) as 
        subsections (g) through (i), respectively; and
            (2) by inserting after subsection (e) the following new 
        subsection (f):
    ``(f)(1) The Under Secretary of Defense for Policy shall have 
primary responsibility within the Office of the Secretary of Defense 
for oversight of agreements entered into and activities carried out 
under the authority of this subchapter.
    ``(2) The Director of the Defense Security Cooperation Agency shall 
have primary responsibility for--
            ``(A) monitoring the implementation of such agreements; and
            ``(B) accounting for logistic support, supplies, and 
        services received or provided under such authority.''.
    (d) Regulations.--Subsection (g) of such section, as redesignated 
by subsection (c)(1), is amended to read as follows:
    ``(g)(1) Not later than 90 days after the date of the enactment of 
this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall prescribe regulations to 
ensure that--
            ``(A) contracts entered into under this subchapter are free 
        from self-dealing, bribery, and conflict of interests;
            ``(B) adequate processes and controls are in place to 
        provide for the accurate accounting of logistic support, 
        supplies, and services received or provided under the authority 
        of this subchapter; and
            ``(C) personnel responsible for accounting for logistic 
        support, supplies, and services received or provided under such 
        authority are fully trained and aware of such responsibilities.
            ``(2)(A) Not later than 270 days after the issuance of the 
        regulations under paragraph (1), the Comptroller General of the 
        United States shall conduct a review of the implementation by 
        the Secretary of such regulations.
            ``(B) The review conducted under subparagraph (A) shall--
                    ``(i) assess the effectiveness of such regulations 
                and the implementation of such regulations to ensure 
                the effective management and oversight of an agreement 
                under subsection (a)(1); and
                    ``(ii) include any other matter the Comptroller 
                General considers relevant.''.
    (e) Reports.--Subsection (h) of such section, as redesignated by 
subsection (c)(1), is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (1), by inserting ``in effect'' and 
        inserting ``that have entered into force or were applied 
        provisionally'';
            (2) in paragraph (2)--
                    (A) by striking ``date on which the Secretary'' and 
                all that follows through the period at the end and 
                inserting ``dates on which the Secretary notified 
                Congress--
                    ``(A) pursuant to subsection (b)(1)(B) of the 
                designation of such country under subsection (a); and
                    ``(B) pursuant to subsection (b)(2) of the intent 
                of the Secretary to enter into the agreement.'';
            (3) by amending paragraph (3) to read as follows:
            ``(3) With respect to each such agreement, the dollar 
        amounts of--
                    ``(A) each class or type of logistic support, 
                supplies, and services provided in the preceding fiscal 
                year; and
                    ``(B) reciprocal provisions of logistic support, 
                supplies, and services, or cash reimbursements, 
                received in such fiscal year.'';
            (4) by amending paragraph (4) to read as follows:
            ``(4) With respect to each such agreement, the dollar 
        amounts of--
                    ``(A) each class or type of logistic support, 
                supplies, and services received; and
                    ``(B) reciprocal provisions of logistic support, 
                supplies, and services, or cash reimbursements 
                provided.'';
            (5) by striking paragraph (5); and
            (6) by adding at the end the following new paragraphs:
            ``(5) With respect to any transaction for logistic support, 
        supplies, and services that has not been reconciled more than 
        one year after the date on which the transaction occurred, a 
        description of the transaction that includes the following:
                    ``(A) The date on which the transaction occurred.
                    ``(B) The country or organization to which logistic 
                support, supplies, and services were provided.
                    ``(C) The value of the transaction.
            ``(6) An explanation of any waiver granted under section 
        2347(c) during the preceding fiscal year, including an 
        identification of the relevant contingency operation or non-
        combat operation.''.

SEC. 1283. MODIFICATION OF AUTHORITY FOR UNITED STATES-ISRAEL ANTI-
              TUNNEL COOPERATION ACTIVITIES.

    (a) In General.--Subsection (a) of section 1279 of the National 
Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2016 (22 U.S.C. 8606 note) is 
amended, in the first sentence, by striking ``and to establish 
capabilities for countering unmanned aerial systems''.
    (b) Exception to Matching Contribution Requirement.--Subsection 
(b)(3) of such section is amended--
            (1) by striking ``Support'' and inserting the following:
                    ``(A) In general.--Except as provided in 
                subparagraph (B), support''; and
            (2) by adding at the end the following:
                    ``(B) Exception.--Subject to paragraph (4), the 
                Secretary may use amounts available to the Secretary in 
                excess of the amount contributed by the Government of 
                Israel to provide support under this subsection for 
                costs associated with any unique national requirement 
                identified by the United States with respect to anti-
                tunnel capabilities.''.

SEC. 1284. UNITED STATES-ISRAEL COOPERATION TO COUNTER UNMANNED AERIAL 
              SYSTEMS.

    (a) Authority to Establish Capabilities to Counter Unmanned Aerial 
Systems.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense, upon request of 
        the Ministry of Defense of Israel and in consultation with the 
        Secretary of State and the Director of National Intelligence, 
        is authorized to carry out research, development, test, and 
        evaluation, on a joint basis with Israel, to establish 
        capabilities for countering unmanned aerial systems that 
        threaten the United States or Israel. Any activities carried 
        out pursuant to such authority shall be conducted in a manner 
        that appropriately protects sensitive technology and 
        information and the national security interests of the United 
        States and Israel.
            (2) Report.--The activities described in paragraph (1) and 
        subsection (b) may not be carried out until after the Secretary 
        of Defense submits to the appropriate committees of Congress a 
        report setting forth the following:
                    (A) A memorandum of agreement between the United 
                States and Israel regarding sharing of research and 
                development costs for the capabilities described in 
                paragraph (1), and any supporting documents.
                    (B) A certification that the memorandum of 
                agreement--
                            (i) requires sharing of costs of projects, 
                        including in-kind support, between the United 
                        States and Israel;
                            (ii) establishes a framework to negotiate 
                        the rights to any intellectual property 
                        developed under the memorandum of agreement; 
                        and
                            (iii) requires the United States Government 
                        to receive semiannual reports on expenditure of 
                        funds, if any, by the Government of Israel, 
                        including a description of what the funds have 
                        been used for, when funds were expended, and an 
                        identification of entities that expended the 
                        funds.
    (b) Support in Connection With the Program.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense is authorized to 
        provide maintenance and sustainment support to Israel for the 
        research, development, test, and evaluation activities 
        authorized in subsection (a)(1). Such authority includes 
        authority to install equipment necessary to carry out such 
        research, development, test, and evaluation.
            (2) Report.--Support may not be provided under paragraph 
        (1) until 15 days after the Secretary submits to the 
        appropriate committees of Congress a report setting forth a 
        detailed description of the support to be provided.
            (3) Matching contribution.--
                    (A) In general.--Except as provided in subparagraph 
                (B), support may not be provided under this subsection 
                unless the Government of Israel contributes an amount 
                not less than the amount of support to be so provided 
                to the program, project, or activity for which the 
                support is to be so provided in the calendar year in 
                which the support is provided.
                    (B) Exception.--Subject to paragraph (4), the 
                Secretary may use amounts available to the Secretary in 
                excess of the amount contributed by the Government of 
                Israel to provide support under this subsection for 
                costs associated with any unique national requirement 
                identified by the United States with respect to 
                countering unmanned aerial systems.
            (4) Annual limitation on amount.--The amount of support 
        provided under this subsection in any year may not exceed 
        $25,000,000.
            (5) Use of certain amounts for rdt&e activities in the 
        united states.--Of the amount provided by the United States in 
        support under paragraph (1), not less than 50 percent of such 
        amount shall be used for research, development, test, and 
        evaluation activities in the United States in connection with 
        such support.
    (c) Lead Agency.--The Secretary of Defense shall designate an 
appropriate research and development entity of a military department as 
the lead agency of the Department of Defense in carrying out this 
section.
    (d) Semiannual Reports.--The Secretary of Defense shall submit to 
the appropriate committees of Congress on a semiannual basis a report 
that contains a copy of the most recent semiannual report provided by 
the Government of Israel to the Department of Defense pursuant to 
subsection (a)(2)(B)(iii).
    (e) Appropriate Committees of Congress Defined.--In this section, 
the term ``appropriate committees of Congress'' means--
            (1) the Committee on Armed Services, the Committee on 
        Foreign Relations, the Committee on Homeland Security, the 
        Committee on Appropriations, and the Select Committee on 
        Intelligence of the Senate; and
            (2) the Committee on Armed Services, the Committee on 
        Foreign Affairs, the Committee on Homeland Security, the 
        Committee on Appropriations, and the Permanent Select Committee 
        on Intelligence of the House of Representatives.
    (f) Sunset.--The authority in this section to carry out activities 
described in subsection (a), and to provide support described in 
subsection (b), shall expire on December 31, 2024.

SEC. 1285. MODIFICATION OF INITIATIVE TO SUPPORT PROTECTION OF NATIONAL 
              SECURITY ACADEMIC RESEARCHERS FROM UNDUE INFLUENCE AND 
              OTHER SECURITY THREATS.

    Section 1286(c) of the John S. McCain National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2019 (Public Law 115-232) is amended 
by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
            ``(8) A list, developed in consultation with the Bureau of 
        Industry and Security of the Department of Commerce, the 
        Director of National Intelligence, and United States academic 
        institutions that conduct significant Department of Defense 
        research or engineering activities, of academic institutions of 
        the People's Republic of China and the Russian Federation 
        that--
                    ``(A) are associated with a defense program of the 
                People's Republic of China or the Russian Federation, 
                including any university heavily engaged in military 
                research;
                    ``(B) are known--
                            ``(i) to recruit individuals for the 
                        purpose of advancing the talent and 
                        capabilities of such a defense program; or
                            ``(ii) to provide misleading transcripts or 
                        otherwise attempt to conceal the connections of 
                        an individual or institution to such a defense 
                        program; or
                    ``(C) pose a serious risk of intangible transfers 
                of defense or engineering technology and research.''.

SEC. 1286. INDEPENDENT ASSESSMENT OF HUMAN RIGHTS SITUATION IN 
              HONDURAS.

    (a) Assessment Required.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than 90 days after the date of 
        the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall 
        select and enter into an agreement with an independent think 
        tank or a federally funded research and development center to 
        conduct an analysis and assessment of the compliance of the 
        military and security forces of Honduras with international 
        human rights laws and standards.
            (2) Matters to be included.--The assessment under paragraph 
        (1) shall include the following:
                    (A) A description of the military-to-military 
                activities between the United States and Honduras, 
                including the manner in which Department of Defense 
                engagement with the military and security forces of 
                Honduras supports the National Defense Strategy.
                    (B) An analysis and assessment of the activities of 
                the military and security forces of Honduras with 
                respect to human rights activists.
                    (C) With respect to United States national security 
                interests, an analysis and assessment of the challenges 
                posed by corruption within the military and security 
                forces of Honduras.
                    (D) An analysis of--
                            (i) the security assistance provided to 
                        Honduras by the Department of Defense during 
                        the 7-year period preceding the date of the 
                        enactment of this Act; and
                            (ii) the extent to which such assistance 
                        has improved accountability, transparency, and 
                        compliance to international human rights laws 
                        and standards in the security and military 
                        operations of the Government of Honduras.
                    (E) Recommendations on the development of future 
                security assistance to Honduras that prioritizes--
                            (i) compliance of the military and security 
                        forces of Honduras with human rights laws and 
                        standards;
                            (ii) citizen security; and
                            (iii) the advancement of United States 
                        national security interests with respect to 
                        countering the proliferation of illegal 
                        narcotics flows through Honduras.
                    (F) Any other matters the Secretary considers 
                necessary and relevant to United States national 
                security interests.
    (b) Report.--Not later than 270 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the entity selected under subsection (a) shall 
submit to the appropriate committees of Congress a report on the 
results of the assessment conducted under that subsection.
    (c) Department of Defense Support.--The Secretary shall provide the 
entity selected under subsection (a) with timely access to appropriate 
information, data, and analyses necessary to carry out the assessment 
in a thorough and independent manner.
    (d) Appropriate Committees of Congress Defined.--In this section, 
the term ``appropriate committees of Congress'' means--
            (1) the Committee on Armed Services and the Committee on 
        Foreign Relations of the Senate; and
            (2) the Committee on Armed Services and the Committee on 
        Foreign Affairs of the House of Representatives.

SEC. 1287. UNITED STATES CENTRAL COMMAND POSTURE REVIEW.

    (a) Comprehensive Review Required.--
            (1) In general.--To clarify the near-term policy and 
        strategy of the United States under the National Defense 
        Strategy with respect to United States Central Command, the 
        Secretary of Defense, in consultation with the Secretary of 
        State and the Director of National Intelligence, as 
        appropriate, shall conduct a comprehensive review of United 
        States military force posture and capabilities in the United 
        States Central Command area of responsibility during the 
        posture review period.
            (2) Elements.--The review conducted under paragraph (1) 
        shall include, for the posture review period, the following 
        elements:
                    (A) An assessment of the threats and challenges in 
                the United States Central Command area of 
                responsibility, including threats and challenges posed 
                to United States interests by near-peer competitors.
                    (B) An explanation of the policy and strategic 
                frameworks for addressing the threats and challenges 
                identified under subparagraph (A).
                    (C) An identification of current and future United 
                States military force posture and capabilities 
                necessary to counter threats, deter conflict, and 
                defend United States national security interests in the 
                United States Central Command area of responsibility.
                    (D) An assessment of the basing, cooperative 
                security locations, and other infrastructure necessary 
                to support steady state operations in support of the 
                theater campaign plan and potential contingencies that 
                may arise in or affect the United States Central 
                Command area of responsibility, including any potential 
                efficiencies and risk mitigation measures to be taken.
                    (E) A description of methods to mitigate risk that 
                may result from adjustments to United States military 
                force posture and capabilities deployed in the United 
                States Central Command area of responsibility.
                    (F) An explanation of the manner in which a 
                modernized global operating model or dynamic force 
                employment approach may yield efficiencies and increase 
                strategic flexibility while achieving United States 
                military objectives in the United States Central 
                Command area of responsibility.
                    (G) An articulation of the United States 
                nonmilitary efforts and activities necessary to enable 
                the achievement of United States national security 
                interests in the United States Central Command area of 
                responsibility.
                    (H) Any other matter the Secretary considers 
                relevant.
    (b) Report.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than 270 days after the date of 
        the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall 
        submit to the congressional defense committees a report on the 
        results of the review conducted under subsection (a).
            (2) Form.--The report under paragraph (1) shall be 
        submitted in unclassified fo