Text: S.1790 — 116th Congress (2019-2020)All Information (Except Text)

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[Congressional Bills 116th Congress]
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[S. 1790 Enrolled Bill (ENR)]

        S.1790

                     One Hundred Sixteenth Congress

                                 of the

                        United States of America


                          AT THE FIRST SESSION

          Begun and held at the City of Washington on Thursday,
           the third day of January, two thousand and nineteen


                                 An Act


 
To authorize appropriations for fiscal year 2020 for military activities 
of the Department of Defense, for military construction, and for defense 
activities of the Department of Energy, to prescribe military personnel 
         strengths for such fiscal year, and for other purposes.

    Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the 
United States of America in Congress assembled,
SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE.
    This Act may be cited as the ``National Defense Authorization Act 
for Fiscal Year 2020''.
SEC. 2. ORGANIZATION OF ACT INTO DIVISIONS; TABLE OF CONTENTS.
    (a) Divisions.--This Act is organized into four divisions as 
follows:
        (1) Division A--Department of Defense Authorizations.
        (2) Division B--Military Construction Authorizations.
        (3) Division C--Department of Energy National Security 
    Authorizations and Other Authorizations.
        (4) Division D--Funding Tables.
        (5) Division E--Intelligence Authorizations for Fiscal Years 
    2018, 2019, and 2020.
        (6) Division F--Other Matters.
    (b) Table of Contents.--The table of contents for this Act is as 
follows:

Sec. 1. Short title.
Sec. 2. Organization of Act into divisions; table of contents.
Sec. 3. Congressional defense committees.
Sec. 4. Budgetary effects of this Act.

            DIVISION A--DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE AUTHORIZATIONS

                          TITLE I--PROCUREMENT

               Subtitle A--Authorization Of Appropriations

Sec. 101. Authorization of appropriations.

                        Subtitle B--Army Programs

Sec. 111. Authority of the Secretary of the Army to waive certain 
          limitations related to the Distributed Common Ground System-
          Army Increment 1.

                        Subtitle C--Navy Programs

Sec. 121. Ford-class aircraft carrier cost limitation baselines.
Sec. 122. Modification of annual report on cost targets for certain 
          aircraft carriers.
Sec. 123. Refueling and complex overhauls of the U.S.S. John C. Stennis 
          and U.S.S. Harry S. Truman.
Sec. 124. Ford class aircraft carrier support for F-35C aircraft.
Sec. 125. Prohibition on use of funds for reduction of aircraft carrier 
          force structure.
Sec. 126. Modification of prohibition on availability of funds for Navy 
          waterborne security barriers.
Sec. 127. LHA Replacement Amphibious Assault Ship Program.
Sec. 128. Strategic sealift fleet vessel.
Sec. 129. Design and construction of amphibious transport dock 
          designated LPD-31.
Sec. 130. Limitation on availability of funds for the Littoral Combat 
          Ship.
Sec. 131. Limitation on the next new class of Navy large surface 
          combatants.
Sec. 132. Limitation on availability of funds pending quarterly updates 
          on the CH-53K King Stallion helicopter program.
Sec. 133. Limitation on availability of funds for VH-92A helicopter.
Sec. 134. Report on carrier wing and aviation combat element 
          composition.

                     Subtitle D--Air Force Programs

Sec. 141. Modification of requirement to preserve certain C-5 aircraft.
Sec. 142. OC-135B aircraft recapitalization program.
Sec. 143. Requirement to align Air Force aviation force structure with 
          National Defense Strategy.
Sec. 144. Prohibition on availability of funds for reduction in KC-10 
          primary mission aircraft inventory.
Sec. 145. Limitation on availability of funds for F-15EX aircraft.
Sec. 146. Limitation on availability of funds for VC-25B aircraft.
Sec. 147. Limitation on availability of funds for RC-26B aircraft.
Sec. 148. Limitation on availability of funds for retirement of RC-135 
          aircraft.
Sec. 149. Air Force aggressor squadron modernization.
Sec. 150. Air Force plan for Combat Rescue Helicopter fielding.
Sec. 151. Report on feasibility of multiyear contract for procurement of 
          JASSM-ER missiles.
Sec. 152. Report on aircraft fleet of the Civil Air Patrol.
Sec. 153. Sense of Congress on the light attack aircraft initiative of 
          the Air Force.

        Subtitle E--Defense-wide, Joint, and Multiservice Matters

Sec. 161. Economic order quantity contracting and buy-to-budget 
          acquisition for F-35 aircraft program.
Sec. 162. Relief from contractors for failure to deliver ready-for-issue 
          spare parts for the F-35 aircraft program.
Sec. 163. Limitation on availability of funds for reallocation of 
          Turkish F-35A aircraft to the United States.
Sec. 164. Requirement to establish the use of an Agile DevOps software 
          development solution as an alternative for Joint Strike 
          Fighter Autonomic Logistics Information System.
Sec. 165. F-35 sustainment cost.
Sec. 166. Reports on the progress and performance of the F-35 aircraft 
          program.
Sec. 167. Other reports on the F-35 aircraft program.
Sec. 168. Limitation on availability of funds for communications systems 
          lacking certain resiliency features.
Sec. 169. Repeal of tactical unmanned vehicle common data link 
          requirement.

          TITLE II--RESEARCH, DEVELOPMENT, TEST, AND EVALUATION

               Subtitle A--Authorization of Appropriations

Sec. 201. Authorization of appropriations.

     Subtitle B--Program Requirements, Restrictions, and Limitations

Sec. 211. Program on enhancement of preparation of dependents of members 
          of Armed Forces for careers in science, technology, 
          engineering, and mathematics.
Sec. 212. Updates to the Department of Defense personnel management 
          authority to attract experts in science and engineering.
Sec. 213. Establishment of joint reserve detachment of the Defense 
          Innovation Unit.
Sec. 214. Research and educational programs and activities for 
          Historically Black Colleges and Universities and Minority-
          Serving Institutions of Higher Education.
Sec. 215. Modification of authority for prizes for advanced technology 
          achievements.
Sec. 216. Joint hypersonics transition office.
Sec. 217. Modification of proof of concept commercialization program.
Sec. 218. Modification of authority and addition of technology areas for 
          expedited access to technical talent.
Sec. 219. Expansion of coordination in support of national security 
          innovation and entrepreneurial education.
Sec. 220. Modification of defense quantum information science and 
          technology research and development program.
Sec. 221. Understanding of investments in artificial intelligence and 
          development of capabilities by adversaries.
Sec. 222. Advisory role of JASON scientific advisory group.
Sec. 223. Direct Air Capture and Blue Carbon Removal Technology Program.
Sec. 224. Requiring defense microelectronics products and services meet 
          trusted supply chain and operational security standards.
Sec. 225. Development and acquisition strategy to procure secure, low 
          probability of detection data link network capability.
Sec. 226. Establishment of secure next-generation wireless network (5G) 
          infrastructure for the Nevada Test and Training Range and base 
          infrastructure.
Sec. 227. Administration of manufacturing innovation institutes funded 
          by the Department of Defense.
Sec. 228. Research program on foreign malign influence operations.
Sec. 229. Diversification of the research and engineering workforce of 
          the Department of Defense.
Sec. 230. Policy on the talent management of digital expertise and 
          software professionals.
Sec. 231. Digital engineering capability to automate testing and 
          evaluation.
Sec. 232. Process to align policy formulation and emerging technology 
          development.
Sec. 233. Improvement of the Strategic Capabilities Office of the 
          Department of Defense.
Sec. 234. Pilot program on enhanced civics education.
Sec. 235. Technology and national security fellowship.
Sec. 236. Documentation relating to the Advanced Battle Management 
          System.
Sec. 237. Sensor data integration for fifth generation aircraft.
Sec. 238. Sense of Congress on future vertical lift technologies.
Sec. 239. Use of funds for Strategic Environmental Research Program, 
          Environmental Security Technical Certification Program, and 
          Operational Energy Capability Improvement.
Sec. 240. Limitation and report on Indirect Fire Protection Capability 
          Increment 2 capability.

              Subtitle C--Plans, Reports, and Other Matters

Sec. 251. Master plan for implementation of authorities relating to 
          science and technology reinvention laboratories.
Sec. 252. Infrastructure to support research, development, test, and 
          evaluation missions.
Sec. 253. Energetics plan.
Sec. 254. Strategy and implementation plan for fifth generation 
          information and communications technologies.
Sec. 255. Department-wide software science and technology strategy.
Sec. 256. Artificial intelligence education strategy.
Sec. 257. Cyber science and technology activities roadmap and reports.
Sec. 258. Report on B-52 commercial engine replacement program.
Sec. 259. Commercial edge computing technologies and best practices for 
          Department of Defense warfighting systems.
Sec. 260. Biannual report on the Joint Artificial Intelligence Center.
Sec. 261. Quarterly updates on the Optionally Manned Fighting Vehicle 
          program.
Sec. 262. National Study on Defense Research At Historically Black 
          Colleges and Universities and Other Minority Institutions.
Sec. 263. Study on national security emerging biotechnologies for the 
          Department of Defense.
Sec. 264. Independent study on optimizing resources allocated to 
          Combating Terrorism Technical Support Office.
Sec. 265. Independent assessment of electronic warfare plans and 
          programs.
Sec. 266. Technical correction to Global Research Watch Program.

                  TITLE III--OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE

               Subtitle A--Authorization of Appropriations

Sec. 301. Authorization of appropriations.

                   Subtitle B--Energy and Environment

Sec. 311. Timeline for Clearinghouse review of applications for energy 
          projects that may have an adverse impact on military 
          operations and readiness.
Sec. 312. Authority to accept contributions of funds from applicants for 
          energy projects for mitigation of impacts on military 
          operations and readiness.
Sec. 313. Use of proceeds from sale of recyclable materials.
Sec. 314. Disposal of recyclable materials.
Sec. 315. Department of Defense improvement of previously conveyed 
          utility systems serving military installations.
Sec. 316. Modification of Department of Defense environmental 
          restoration authorities to include Federal Government 
          facilities used by National Guard.
Sec. 317. Use of operational energy cost savings of Department of 
          Defense.
Sec. 318. Sale of electricity from alternate energy and cogeneration 
          production facilities.
Sec. 319. Energy resilience programs and activities.
Sec. 320. Technical and grammatical corrections and repeal of obsolete 
          provisions relating to energy.
Sec. 321. Transfer authority for funding of study and assessment on 
          health implications of per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances 
          contamination in drinking water by Agency for Toxic Substances 
          and Disease Registry.
Sec. 322. Replacement of fluorinated aqueous film-forming foam with 
          fluorine-free fire-fighting agent.
Sec. 323. Prohibition of uncontrolled release of fluorinated aqueous 
          film-forming foam at military installations.
Sec. 324. Prohibition on use of fluorinated aqueous film forming foam 
          for training exercises.
Sec. 325. Real-time sound-monitoring at Navy installations where 
          tactical fighter aircraft operate.
Sec. 326. Development of extreme weather vulnerability and risk 
          assessment tool.
Sec. 327. Removal of barriers that discourage investments to increase 
          military installation resilience.
Sec. 328. Budgeting of Department of Defense relating to extreme 
          weather.
Sec. 329. Prohibition on Perfluoroalkyl Substances and Polyfluoroalkyl 
          Substances in Meals Ready-to-Eat Food Packaging.
Sec. 330. Disposal of materials containing per- and polyfluoroalkyl 
          substances or aqueous film-forming foam.
Sec. 331. Agreements to share monitoring data relating to perfluoroalkyl 
          and polyfluoroalkyl substances and other contaminants of 
          concern.
Sec. 332. Cooperative agreements with States to address contamination by 
          perfluoroalkyl and polyfluoroalkyl substances.
Sec. 333. Plan to phase out use of burn pits.
Sec. 334. Information relating to locations of burn pit use.
Sec. 335. Data quality review of radium testing conducted at certain 
          locations of the Department of the Navy.
Sec. 336. Reimbursement of Environmental Protection Agency for certain 
          costs in connection with the Twin Cities Army Ammunition 
          Plant, Minnesota.
Sec. 337. Pilot program for availability of working-capital funds for 
          increased combat capability through energy optimization.
Sec. 338. Report on efforts to reduce high energy intensity at military 
          installations.

 Subtitle C--Treatment of Contaminated Water Near Military Installations

Sec. 341. Short title.
Sec. 342. Definitions.
Sec. 343. Provision of water uncontaminated with perfluorooctanoic acid 
          (PFOA) and perfluorooctane sulfonate (PFOS) for agricultural 
          purposes.
Sec. 344. Acquisition of real property by Air Force.
Sec. 345. Remediation plan.

                  Subtitle D--Logistics and Sustainment

Sec. 351. Materiel readiness metrics and objectives.
Sec. 352. Clarification of authority regarding use of working-capital 
          funds for unspecified minor military construction projects 
          related to revitalization and recapitalization of defense 
          industrial base facilities.
Sec. 353. Modification to limitation on length of overseas forward 
          deployment of naval vessels.
Sec. 354. Extension of temporary installation reutilization authority 
          for arsenals, depots, and plants.
Sec. 355. F-35 Joint Strike Fighter sustainment.
Sec. 356. Report on strategic policy for prepositioned materiel and 
          equipment.
Sec. 357. Pilot program to train skilled technicians in critical 
          shipbuilding skills.
Sec. 358. Requirement for military department inter-service depot 
          maintenance.
Sec. 359. Strategy to improve infrastructure of certain depots of the 
          Department of Defense.

                           Subtitle E--Reports

Sec. 361. Readiness reporting.
Sec. 362. Technical correction to deadline for transition to Defense 
          Readiness Reporting System Strategic.
Sec. 363. Report on Navy ship depot maintenance budget.
Sec. 364. Report on Runit Dome.
Sec. 365. Prohibition on subjective upgrades by commanders of unit 
          ratings in monthly readiness reporting on military units.
Sec. 366. Requirement to include foreign language proficiency in 
          readiness reporting systems of Department of Defense.

                        Subtitle F--Other Matters

Sec. 371. Prevention of encroachment on military training routes and 
          military operations areas.
Sec. 372. Expansion and enhancement of authorities on transfer and 
          adoption of military animals.
Sec. 373. Extension of authority for Secretary of Defense to use 
          Department of Defense reimbursement rate for transportation 
          services provided to certain non-Department of Defense 
          entities.
Sec. 374. Extension of authority of Secretary of Transportation to issue 
          non-premium aviation insurance.
Sec. 375. Defense personal property program.
Sec. 376. Public events about Red Hill Bulk Fuel Storage Facility.
Sec. 377. Sense of Congress regarding Innovative Readiness Training 
          program.
Sec. 378. Detonation chambers for explosive ordnance disposal.

               TITLE IV--MILITARY PERSONNEL AUTHORIZATIONS

                        Subtitle A--Active Forces

Sec. 401. End strengths for active forces.
Sec. 402. Revisions in permanent active duty end strength minimum 
          levels.

                       Subtitle B--Reserve Forces

Sec. 411. End strengths for Selected Reserve.
Sec. 412. End strengths for Reserves on active duty in support of the 
          reserves.
Sec. 413. End strengths for military technicians (dual status).
Sec. 414. Maximum number of reserve personnel authorized to be on active 
          duty for operational support.
Sec. 415. Authorized strengths for Marine Corps Reserves on active duty.
Sec. 416. Modification of authorized strength of Air Force Reserve 
          serving on full-time reserve component duty for administration 
          of the reserves or the National Guard.

               Subtitle C--Authorization of Appropriations

Sec. 421. Military personnel.

                   TITLE V--MILITARY PERSONNEL POLICY

                  Subtitle A--Officer Personnel Policy

Sec. 501. Maker of original appointments in a regular or reserve 
          component of commissioned officers previously subject to 
          original appointment in other type of component.
Sec. 502. Furnishing of adverse information on officers to promotion 
          selection boards.
Sec. 503. Limitation on number of officers recommendable for promotion 
          by promotion selection boards.
Sec. 504. Expansion of authority for continuation on active duty of 
          officers in certain military specialties and career tracks.
Sec. 505. Management policies for joint qualified officers.
Sec. 506. Modification of authorities on management of deployments of 
          members of the Armed Forces and related unit operating and 
          personnel tempo matters.
Sec. 507. Personnel tempo of the Armed Forces and the United States 
          Special Operations Command during periods of inapplicability 
          of high-deployment limitations.
Sec. 508. Permanent authority to defer past age 64 the retirement of 
          chaplains in general and flag officer grades.
Sec. 509. Higher grade in retirement for officers following reopening of 
          determination or certification of retired grade.
Sec. 510. Authority of promotion boards to recommend that officers of 
          particular merit be placed higher on promotion list.
Sec. 510A. Availability on the internet of certain information about 
          officers serving in general or flag officer grades.
Sec. 510B. Functional badge or insignia upon commission for chaplains.

                Subtitle B--Reserve Component Management

Sec. 511. Modification of grade level threshold for Junior Reserve 
          Officers' Training Corps.
Sec. 512. Inclusion of STEM in courses of instruction for the Junior 
          Reserve Officers' Training Corps.
Sec. 513. Inclusion of homeschooled students in Junior Reserve Officers' 
          Training Corps units.
Sec. 514. Clarification of eligibility to serve as Commander, Marine 
          Forces Reserve.
Sec. 515. Extension and periodic evaluation of suicide prevention and 
          resilience program for the reserve components.
Sec. 516. Authority to defer mandatory separation at age 68 of officers 
          in medical specialties in the reserve components.
Sec. 517. Modernization of inspection authorities applicable to the 
          National Guard.
Sec. 518. Consultation with Chief of the National Guard Bureau in the 
          appointment or designation of National Guard property and 
          fiscal officers.
Sec. 519. Coast Guard Junior Reserve Officers' Training Corps.
Sec. 520. Repeal of requirement for review of certain Army Reserve 
          officer unit vacancy promotions by commanders of associated 
          active duty units.
Sec. 520A. Report on methods to enhance domestic response to large 
          scale, complex and catastrophic disasters.
Sec. 520B. Report and briefing on the Senior Reserve Officers' Training 
          Corps.
Sec. 520C. Sense of Congress on increase in number of Junior Reserve 
          Officers' Training Corps units.

   Subtitle C--General Service Authorities and Correction of Military 
                                 Records

Sec. 521. Advice and counsel of trauma experts in review by boards for 
          correction of military records and discharge review boards of 
          certain claims.
Sec. 522. Reduction in required number of members of discharge review 
          boards.
Sec. 523. Establishment of process to review a request for upgrade of 
          discharge or dismissal.
Sec. 524. Prohibition on reduction in the number of personnel assigned 
          to duty with a service review agency.
Sec. 525. Training of members of boards for correction of military 
          records and discharge review boards on sexual trauma, intimate 
          partner violence, spousal abuse, and related matters.
Sec. 526. Time requirements for certification of honorable service.
Sec. 527. Correction of certain discharge characterizations.
Sec. 528. Development of guidelines for use of unofficial sources of 
          information to determine eligibility of members and former 
          members of the Armed Forces for decorations when the service 
          records are incomplete because of damage to the official 
          record.
Sec. 529. Strategic plan for diversity and inclusion.
Sec. 530. Study regarding screening individuals who seek to enlist in 
          the Armed Forces.
Sec. 530A. Feasibility study regarding notification to Secretary of 
          Homeland Security of honorable discharges of non-citizens.
Sec. 530B. Sense of Congress regarding accession physicals.

                      Subtitle D--Military Justice

Sec. 531. Expansion of pre-referral matters reviewable by military 
          judges and military magistrates in the interest of efficiency 
          in military justice.
Sec. 532. Command influence.
Sec. 533. Statute of limitations for certain offenses.
Sec. 534. Public access to dockets, filings, and court records of 
          courts-martial or other records of trial of the military 
          justice system.
Sec. 535. Extension of Defense Advisory Committee on Investigation, 
          Prosecution, and Defense of Sexual Assault in the Armed 
          Forces.
Sec. 536. Authority for return of personal property to victims of sexual 
          assault who file a Restricted Report before conclusion of 
          related proceedings.
Sec. 537. Guidelines on sentences for offenses committed under the 
          Uniform Code of Military Justice.
Sec. 538. Notification of significant events and documentation of 
          preference for prosecution jurisdiction for victims of sexual 
          assault.
Sec. 539. Increase in number of digital forensic examiners for certain 
          military criminal investigative organizations.
Sec. 540. Increase in investigative personnel and Victim Witness 
          Assistance Program liaisons.
Sec. 540A. Training for sexual assault initial disposition authorities 
          on exercise of disposition authority for sexual assault and 
          collateral offenses.
Sec. 540B. Training for commanders in the Armed Forces on their role in 
          all stages of military justice in connection with sexual 
          assault.
Sec. 540C. Timely disposition of nonprosecutable sex-related offenses.
Sec. 540D. Department of Defense-wide policy and military department-
          specific programs on reinvigoration of the prevention of 
          sexual assault involving members of the Armed Forces.
Sec. 540E. Recommendations on separate punitive article in the Uniform 
          Code of Military Justice on sexual harassment.
Sec. 540F. Report on military justice system involving alternative 
          authority for determining whether to prefer or refer changes 
          for felony offenses under the Uniform Code of Military 
          Justice.
Sec. 540G. Report on standardization among the military departments in 
          collection and presentation of information on matters within 
          the military justice system.
Sec. 540H. Report on expansion of Air Force safe to report policy across 
          the Armed Forces.
Sec. 540I. Assessment of racial, ethnic, and gender disparities in the 
          military justice system.
Sec. 540J. Pilot programs on defense investigators in the military 
          justice system.
Sec. 540K. Report on preservation of recourse to restricted report on 
          sexual assault for victims of sexual assault following certain 
          victim or third-party communications.
Sec. 540L. Report on establishment of guardian ad litem program for 
          certain military dependents who are a victim or witness of an 
          offense under the Uniform Code of Military Justice involving 
          abuse or exploitation.
Sec. 540M. Comptroller General of the United States report on 
          implementation by the Armed Forces of recent statutory 
          requirements on sexual assault prevention and response in the 
          military.
Sec. 540N. Sense of Congress on the Port Chicago 50.

                     Subtitle E--Other Legal Matters

Sec. 541. Improvement of certain Special Victims' Counsel authorities.
Sec. 542. Availability of Special Victims' Counsel at military 
          installations.
Sec. 543. Notification of issuance of military protective order to 
          civilian law enforcement.
Sec. 544. Copyright protection for civilian faculty of certain 
          accredited institutions.
Sec. 545. Termination of leases of premises and motor vehicles of 
          servicemembers who incur catastrophic injury or illness or die 
          while in military service.
Sec. 546. Military orders required for termination of leases pursuant to 
          the Servicemembers Civil Relief Act.
Sec. 547. Preservation of right to bring class action under 
          Servicemembers Civil Relief Act.
Sec. 548. Legal counsel for victims of alleged domestic violence 
          offenses.
Sec. 549. Notice to victims of alleged sexual assault of pendency of 
          further administrative action following a determination not to 
          refer to trial by court-martial.
Sec. 550. Treatment of information in Catch a Serial Offender Program 
          for certain purposes.
Sec. 550A. Policies and procedures on registration at military 
          installations of civilian protective orders applicable to 
          members of the Armed Forces assigned to such installations and 
          certain other individuals.
Sec. 550B. Defense Advisory Committee for the Prevention of Sexual 
          Misconduct.
Sec. 550C. Training for Special Victims' Counsel on civilian criminal 
          justice matters in the States of the military installations to 
          which assigned.
Sec. 550D. Enhancing the capability of military criminal investigative 
          organizations to prevent and combat child sexual exploitation.
Sec. 550E. Feasibility study on establishment of database of military 
          protective orders.
Sec. 550F. GAO review of USERRA and SCRA.

                      Subtitle F--Member Education

Sec. 551. Authority for detail of certain enlisted members of the Armed 
          Forces as students at law schools.
Sec. 552. Inclusion of Coast Guard in Department of Defense STARBASE 
          Program.
Sec. 553. Degree granting authority for United States Army Armament 
          Graduate School; limitation on establishment of certain 
          educational institutions.
Sec. 554. Prohibition on off-duty employment for cadets and midshipmen 
          completing obligated service after graduation.
Sec. 555. Consideration of request for transfer of a cadet or midshipman 
          at a military service academy who is the victim of a sexual 
          assault or related offense.
Sec. 556. Redesignation of the Commandant of the United States Air Force 
          Institute of Technology as the Director and Chancellor of such 
          Institute.
Sec. 557. Eligibility of additional enlisted members for associate 
          degree programs of the Community College of the Air Force.
Sec. 558. Speech disorders of cadets and midshipmen.
Sec. 559. Requirement to continue provision of tuition assistance for 
          members of the Armed Forces.
Sec. 560. Information on institutions of higher education participating 
          in the Department of Defense Tuition Assistance Program.
Sec. 560A. Inclusion of information on free credit monitoring in annual 
          financial literacy briefing.
Sec. 560B. Programs to facilitate the award of private pilot's 
          certificates.

               Subtitle G--Member Training and Transition

Sec. 561. Requirement to provide information regarding benefits claims 
          to members during TAP counseling.
Sec. 562. Participation of other Federal agencies in the SkillBridge 
          apprenticeship and internship program for members of the Armed 
          Forces.
Sec. 563. First modification of elements of report on the improved 
          Transition Assistance Program.
Sec. 564. Second modification of elements of report on the improved 
          Transition Assistance Program.
Sec. 565. Prohibition on gender-segregated training at Marine Corps 
          Recruit Depots.
Sec. 566. Assessment of deaths of recruits under the jurisdiction of the 
          Secretaries of the military departments.
Sec. 567. Review of Department of Defense training programs regarding 
          disinformation campaigns.
Sec. 568. Command matters in connection with transition assistance 
          programs.
Sec. 569. Machine readability and electronic transferability of 
          Certificate of Release or Discharge from Active Duty (DD Form 
          214).
Sec. 570. Records of service for Reserves.
Sec. 570A. Limitations and requirements in connection with separations 
          for members of the Armed Forces who suffer from mental health 
          conditions in connection with a sex-related, intimate partner 
          violence-related, or spousal-abuse offense.
Sec. 570B. Prohibition on involuntary separation of certain members of 
          the Armed Forces; consideration of military service in removal 
          determinations.
Sec. 570C. Inclusion of question regarding immigration status on 
          preseparation counseling checklist (DD Form 2648).
Sec. 570D. Counseling for members of the Armed Forces who are not 
          citizens of the United States on naturalization in the United 
          States.
Sec. 570E. Pilot program on information sharing between Department of 
          Defense and designated relatives and friends of members of the 
          Armed Forces regarding the experiences and challenges of 
          military service.
Sec. 570F. Connections of members retiring or separating from the Armed 
          Forces with community-based organizations and related 
          entities.
Sec. 570G. Pilot program regarding online application for the Transition 
          Assistance Program.

     Subtitle H--Military Family Readiness and Dependents' Education

Sec. 571. Authorizing members to take leave for a birth or adoption in 
          more than one increment.
Sec. 572. Deferred deployment for members who give birth.
Sec. 573. Authority of the Secretary concerned to transport remains of a 
          covered decedent to no more than two places selected by the 
          person designated to direct disposition of the remains.
Sec. 574. Military funeral honors matters.
Sec. 575. Improvement of occupational license portability for relocated 
          spouses of members of the uniformed services.
Sec. 576. Continued eligibility for education and training opportunities 
          for spouses of promoted members.
Sec. 577. Modification to authority to reimburse for State licensure and 
          certification costs of a spouse of a servicemember arising 
          from relocation.
Sec. 578. Clarification regarding eligibility to transfer entitlement 
          under Post-9/11 Educational Assistance Program.
Sec. 579. Annual State report card.
Sec. 580. Improvements to child care for members of the Armed Forces.
Sec. 580A. Transportation of remains of casualties; travel expenses for 
          next of kin.
Sec. 580B. Meetings of officials of the Department of Defense with 
          representative groups of survivors of deceased members of the 
          Armed Forces.
Sec. 580C. Information and opportunities for registration for voting and 
          absentee ballot requests for members of the Armed Forces 
          undergoing deployment overseas.
Sec. 580D. Study on two-way military ballot barcode tracking.
Sec. 580E. Assistance to schools with military dependent students.
Sec. 580F. First expansion of the My Career Advancement Account program 
          for military spouses.
Sec. 580G. Second expansion of the My Career Advancement Account program 
          for military spouses.
Sec. 580H. Report on training and support available to military spouses.
Sec. 580I. Ri'katak Guest Student Program at United States Army 
          Garrison-Kwajalein Atoll.

                   Subtitle I--Decorations and Awards

Sec. 581. Modification of authorities on eligibility for and replacement 
          of gold star lapel buttons.
Sec. 582. Standardization of honorable service requirement for award of 
          military decorations.
Sec. 583. Authorization for award of the Medal of Honor to John J. Duffy 
          for acts of valor in Vietnam.
Sec. 584. Review of World War I valor medals.

           Subtitle J--Miscellaneous Reports and Other Matters

Sec. 591. Clarification of the term ``assault'' for purposes of 
          Workplace and Gender Relations Surveys.
Sec. 592. Inclusion of certain veterans on temporary disability or 
          permanent disabled retirement lists in military adaptive 
          sports programs.
Sec. 593. Questions in surveys regarding extremist activity in the 
          workplace.
Sec. 594. Study on best practices for providing financial literacy 
          education for separating members of the Armed Forces.
Sec. 595. Report on oversight of authorized strengths of certain grades 
          of commissioned regular and reserve officers of the Armed 
          Forces.
Sec. 596. Report on certain waivers.
Sec. 597. Notifications on manning of afloat naval forces.
Sec. 598. Report regarding use of aerial systems of the Department of 
          Defense to support agencies of States, Territories, and the 
          Federal Government.
Sec. 599. Information for members of the Armed Forces on availability of 
          services of the Department of Veterans Affairs relating to 
          sexual trauma.
Sec. 599A. Authority to issue an honorary promotion to Colonel Charles 
          E. McGee, United States Air Force (ret.), to the grade of 
          brigadier general.
Sec. 599B. Authority to issue an honorary and posthumous promotion to 
          Lieutenant Colonel Richard Cole, United States Air Force 
          (ret.), to the grade of colonel.
Sec. 599C. Sense of Congress on the honorable and distinguished service 
          of General Joseph F. Dunford, United States Marine Corps, to 
          the United States.

                     TITLE VI--MILITARY COMPENSATION

                     Subtitle A--Pay and Allowances

Sec. 601. Clarification of continuation of pays during hospitalization 
          and rehabilitation resulting from wounds, injury, or illness 
          incurred while on duty in a hostile fire area or exposed to an 
          event of hostile fire or other hostile action.
Sec. 602. Continued entitlements while a member of the Armed Forces 
          participates in a career intermission program.
Sec. 603. Exemption from repayment of voluntary separation pay.
Sec. 604. Consideration of service on active duty to reduce age of 
          eligibility for retired pay for non-regular service.
Sec. 605. Temporary adjustment of rates of basic allowance for housing 
          following determination that local civilian housing costs 
          significantly differ from such rates.
Sec. 606. Reinvestment of travel refunds by the Department of Defense.
Sec. 607. Addition of partial dislocation allowance to allowable travel 
          and transportation expenses for servicemembers.
Sec. 608. Reductions on account of earnings from work performed while 
          entitled to an annuity supplement.
Sec. 609. Increase in basic pay.

             Subtitle B--Bonuses and Special Incentive Pays

Sec. 611. One-year extension of certain expiring bonus and special pay 
          authorities.

                Subtitle C--Family and Survivor Benefits

Sec. 621. Expansion of eligibility for exceptional transitional 
          compensation for dependents to dependents of current members.
Sec. 622. Phase-out of reduction of Survivor Benefit Plan survivor 
          annuities by amount of dependency and indemnity compensation.
Sec. 623. Death gratuity for ROTC graduates.
Sec. 624. Expansion of authority to provide financial assistance to 
          civilian providers of child care services or youth program 
          services who provide such services to survivors of members of 
          the Armed Forces who die in combat in the line of duty.
Sec. 625. Casualty assistance for survivors of deceased ROTC graduates.

                   Subtitle D--Defense Resale Matters

Sec. 631. Defense resale system matters.
Sec. 632. Procurement by commissary stores of certain locally sourced 
          products.
Sec. 633. GAO review of defense resale optimization study.

         Subtitle E--Morale, Welfare, and Recreation Privileges

Sec. 641. Extension of certain morale, welfare, and recreation 
          privileges to Foreign Service officers on mandatory home 
          leave.
Sec. 642. Extension of pilot program on a Government lodging program.

                  Subtitle F--Reports and Other Matters

Sec. 651. Annual reports on approval of employment or compensation of 
          retired general or flag officers by foreign governments for 
          emoluments clause purposes.
Sec. 652. Report regarding transition from overseas housing allowance to 
          basic allowance for housing for servicemembers in the 
          territories.
Sec. 653. Report on extension to members of the reserve components of 
          the Armed Forces of special and incentive pays for members of 
          the Armed Forces not currently payable to members of the 
          reserve components.
Sec. 654. Study regarding recoupment of separation pay, special 
          separation benefits, and voluntary separation incentive 
          payments from members of the Armed Forces and veterans who 
          receive disability compensation under laws administered by the 
          Secretary of Veterans Affairs.
Sec. 655. Report on implementation of contributions to the Department of 
          Defense Military Retirement Fund based on pay costs per Armed 
          Force rather than on Armed Forces-wide basis.
Sec. 656. Report on food insecurity among members of the Armed Forces 
          and their dependents.

                    TITLE VII--HEALTH CARE PROVISIONS

           Subtitle A--TRICARE and Other Health Care Benefits

Sec. 701. Modification of eligibility for TRICARE Reserve Select for 
          certain members of the Selected Reserve.
Sec. 702. TRICARE payment options for retirees and their dependents.
Sec. 703. Lead level screening and testing for children.
Sec. 704. Exposure to open burn pits and toxic airborne chemicals or 
          other airborne contaminants as part of periodic health 
          assessments and other physical examinations.
Sec. 705. Enhancement of recordkeeping with respect to exposure by 
          members of the Armed Forces to certain occupational and 
          environmental hazards while deployed overseas.
Sec. 706. Modifications to post-deployment mental health assessments for 
          members of the Armed Forces deployed in support of a 
          contingency operation.
Sec. 707. Provision of blood testing for firefighters of Department of 
          Defense to determine exposure to perfluoroalkyl and 
          polyfluoroalkyl substances.

                 Subtitle B--Health Care Administration

Sec. 711. Modification of organization of military health system.
Sec. 712. Support by military health system of medical requirements of 
          combatant commands.
Sec. 713. Requirements for certain prescription drug labels.
Sec. 714. Officers authorized to command Army dental units.
Sec. 715. Improvements to interagency program office of the Department 
          of Defense and the Department of Veterans Affairs.
Sec. 716. Expansion of strategy to improve acquisition of managed care 
          support contracts under TRICARE program.
Sec. 717. Inclusion of blast exposure history in medical records of 
          members of the Armed Forces.
Sec. 718. Comprehensive policy for provision of mental health care to 
          members of the Armed Forces.
Sec. 719. Limitation on the realignment or reduction of military medical 
          manning end strength.
Sec. 720. Strategy to recruit and retain mental health providers.
Sec. 721. Development of partnerships to improve combat casualty care 
          for personnel of the Armed Forces.
Sec. 722. Modification to referrals for mental health services.

                  Subtitle C--Reports and Other Matters

Sec. 731. Authorization of claims by members of the uniformed services 
          against the United States for personal injury or death caused 
          by medical malpractice.
Sec. 732. Extension and clarification of authority for Joint Department 
          of Defense-Department of Veterans Affairs Medical Facility 
          Demonstration Fund.
Sec. 733. Appointment of non-ex officio members of the Henry M. Jackson 
          Foundation for the Advancement of Military Medicine.
Sec. 734. Establishment of Academic Health System in National Capital 
          Region.
Sec. 735. Provision of veterinary services by veterinary professionals 
          of the Department of Defense in emergencies.
Sec. 736. Three-year extension of authority to continue the DOD-VA 
          Health Care Sharing Incentive Fund.
Sec. 737. Preservation of resources of the Army Medical Research and 
          Materiel Command and continuation as Center of Excellence.
Sec. 738. Encouragement of participation in Women's Health Transition 
          Training pilot program.
Sec. 739. National Guard suicide prevention pilot program.
Sec. 740. Pilot Program on civilian and military partnerships to enhance 
          interoperability and medical surge capability and capacity of 
          National Disaster Medical System.
Sec. 741. Reports on suicide among members of the Armed Forces and 
          suicide prevention programs and activities of the Department 
          of Defense.
Sec. 742. Modification of requirements for longitudinal medical study on 
          blast pressure exposure of members of the Armed Forces and 
          collection of exposure information.
Sec. 743. Study and plan on the use of military-civilian integrated 
          health delivery systems.
Sec. 744. Study on case management in the military health system.
Sec. 745. Report on Global Health Security Strategy and the National 
          Biodefense Security.
Sec. 746. Study on establishment of wounded warrior service dog program.
Sec. 747. GAO report on Department of Defense quality assurance program 
          and impacts of medical malpractice actions.
Sec. 748. Reports on Millennium Cohort Study relating to women members 
          of the Armed Forces.
Sec. 749. Study on effects of sleep deprivation on readiness of members 
          of the Armed Forces.
Sec. 750. Study and report on traumatic brain injury mitigation efforts.

  TITLE VIII--ACQUISITION POLICY, ACQUISITION MANAGEMENT, AND RELATED 
                                 MATTERS

              Subtitle A--Acquisition Policy and Management

Sec. 800. Authority for continuous integration and delivery of software 
          applications and upgrades to embedded systems.
Sec. 801. Pilot program on intellectual property evaluation for 
          acquisition programs.
Sec. 802. Pilot program to use alpha contracting teams for complex 
          requirements.
Sec. 803. Failure to provide other than certified cost or pricing data 
          upon request.
Sec. 804. Comptroller General report on price reasonableness.
Sec. 805. Limitation on transfer of funds related to cost overruns and 
          cost underruns.
Sec. 806. Standardizing data collection and reporting on use of source 
          selection procedures by Federal agencies.
Sec. 807. Department of Defense use of fixed-price contracts.
Sec. 808. Repeal of continuation of data rights during challenges.
Sec. 809. Repeal of authority to waive acquisition laws to acquire vital 
          national security capabilities.
Sec. 810. Repeal of the Defense Cost Accounting Standards Board.

 Subtitle B--Amendments to General Contracting Authorities, Procedures, 
                             and Limitations

Sec. 815. Modification of Director of Operational Test and Evaluation 
          report.
Sec. 816. Modification of written approval requirement for task and 
          delivery order single contract awards.
Sec. 817. Responsibility for data analysis and requirements validation 
          for services contracts.
Sec. 818. Documentation of market research related to commercial item 
          determinations.
Sec. 819. Availability of data on the use of other transaction authority 
          and report on the use of authority to carry out prototype 
          projects.
Sec. 820. Notification of Navy procurement production disruptions.
Sec. 821. Modification to acquisition authority of the Commander of the 
          United States Cyber Command.
Sec. 822. Extension of Never Contract With the Enemy.
Sec. 823. Modification of justification and approval requirement for 
          certain Department of Defense contracts.
Sec. 824. Extension of sunset relating to Federal Data Center 
          Consolidation Initiative.
Sec. 825. Pilot program to accelerate contracting and pricing processes.
Sec. 826. Uniformity in application of micro-purchase threshold to 
          certain task or delivery orders.
Sec. 827. Requirement for cost estimates on models of commercial e-
          commerce portal program.

  Subtitle C--Provisions Relating to Major Defense Acquisition Programs

Sec. 830. Modification of requirements for reporting to Congress on 
          certain acquisition programs.
Sec. 831. Pilot program to streamline decision-making processes for 
          weapon systems.
Sec. 832. Analysis of alternatives pursuant to materiel development 
          decisions.
Sec. 833. Naval vessel certification required before Milestone B 
          approval.

        Subtitle D--Provisions Relating to the Acquisition System

Sec. 835. Extramural acquisition innovation and research activities.
Sec. 836. Report on realignment of the defense acquisition system to 
          implement acquisition reforms.
Sec. 837. Report and limitation on the availability of funds relating to 
          the ``middle tier'' of acquisition programs.
Sec. 838. Report on intellectual property policy and the cadre of 
          intellectual property experts.
Sec. 839. Guidance and reports relating to covered defense business 
          systems.
Sec. 840. Implementation guidance for use of a modular open system 
          approach.
Sec. 841. Limitation on availability of funds for the Office of the 
          Chief Management Officer of the Department of Defense.

                   Subtitle E--Industrial Base Matters

Sec. 845. Modernization of acquisition processes to ensure integrity of 
          industrial base.
Sec. 846. Report requirements for the national technology and industrial 
          base.
Sec. 847. Mitigating risks related to foreign ownership, control, or 
          influence of Department of Defense contractors or 
          subcontractors.
Sec. 848. Prohibition on operation or procurement of foreign-made 
          unmanned aircraft systems.
Sec. 849. Modification of prohibition on acquisition of sensitive 
          materials from non-allied foreign nations.
Sec. 850. Acquisition and disposal of certain rare earth materials.
Sec. 851. Pilot program for development of technology-enhanced 
          capabilities with partnership intermediaries.
Sec. 852. Authorized official to carry out the procurement technical 
          assistance cooperative agreement program.
Sec. 853. Requirement that certain ship components be manufactured in 
          the national technology and industrial base.
Sec. 854. Addition of domestically produced stainless steel flatware and 
          dinnerware to the Berry Amendment.
Sec. 855. Application of miscellaneous technology base policies and 
          programs to the Columbia-class submarine program.
Sec. 856. Application of limitation on procurement of goods other than 
          United States goods to the FFG-Frigate Program.
Sec. 857. Sense of Congress regarding consideration of price in 
          procurement of the FFG(X) frigate.

        Subtitle F--Provisions Relating to Acquisition Workforce

Sec. 860. Establishment of Defense Civilian Training Corps.
Sec. 861. Defense acquisition workforce certification, education, and 
          career fields.
Sec. 862. Software development and software acquisition training and 
          management programs.
Sec. 863. Modification of temporary assignments of Department of Defense 
          employees to a private-sector organization.
Sec. 864. Incentives and consideration for qualified training programs.
Sec. 865. Use of qualified apprentices by military construction 
          contractors.

                   Subtitle G--Small Business Matters

Sec. 870. Requirements relating to credit for certain small business 
          concern subcontractors.
Sec. 871. Inclusion of best in class designations in annual report on 
          small business goals.
Sec. 872. Reauthorization and improvement of Department of Defense 
          Mentor-Protege Program.
Sec. 873. Accelerated payments applicable to contracts with certain 
          small business concerns under the Prompt Payment Act.
Sec. 874. Postaward explanations for unsuccessful offerors for certain 
          contracts.
Sec. 875. Small business contracting credit for subcontractors that are 
          Puerto Rico businesses or covered territory businesses.
Sec. 876. Technical amendment regarding treatment of certain surviving 
          spouses under the definition of small business concern owned 
          and controlled by service-disabled veterans.
Sec. 877. Extension of loan assistance and deferral eligibility to 
          reservists and members of the National Guard beyond periods of 
          military conflict.
Sec. 878. Modification to the Defense Research and Development Rapid 
          Innovation Program.
Sec. 879. Alignment of the Department of Defense Small Business 
          Innovation Research Program and Small Business Technology 
          Transfer Program with the National Defense Science and 
          Technology Strategy.
Sec. 880. Assistance for small business concerns participating in the 
          SBIR and STTR programs.
Sec. 881. Cybersecurity technical assistance for SBIR and STTR programs.
Sec. 882. Funding for defense research activities of small business 
          concerns.
Sec. 883. Modifications to budget display requirements for the 
          Department of Defense Small Business Innovation Research 
          Program and Small Business Technology Transfer Program.
Sec. 884. Pilot program for domestic investment under the SBIR program.

                        Subtitle H--Other Matters

Sec. 885. Review of guidance to contractors on nondiscrimination on the 
          basis of sex.
Sec. 886. Comptroller General report on contractor violations of certain 
          labor laws.
Sec. 887. Comptroller General report on contingency contracting.
Sec. 888. Policies and procedures for contractors to report gross 
          violations of internationally recognized human rights.
Sec. 889. Comptroller General report on oversight of contractors 
          providing private security functions.
Sec. 890. Prohibition on contracting with persons that have business 
          operations with the Maduro regime.
Sec. 891. Report on the Combating Trafficking in Persons initiative.
Sec. 892. Improved management of information technology and cyberspace 
          investments.
Sec. 893. Modification to requirements for purchase of commercial 
          leasing services pursuant to multiple award contracts.

       TITLE IX--DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE ORGANIZATION AND MANAGEMENT

   Subtitle A--Office of the Secretary of Defense and Related Matters

Sec. 901. Headquarters activities of the Department of Defense matters.
Sec. 902. Clarifying the roles and responsibilities of the Under 
          Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment and the 
          Under Secretary of Defense for Research and Engineering.
Sec. 903. Return to Chief Information Officer of the Department of 
          Defense of responsibility for business systems and related 
          matters.
Sec. 904. Assessments of responsibilities and authorities of the Chief 
          Management Officer of the Department of Defense.
Sec. 905. Senior Military Advisor for Cyber Policy and Deputy Principal 
          Cyber Advisor.
Sec. 906. Exclusion from limitations on personnel in the Office of the 
          Secretary of Defense and Department of Defense headquarters of 
          fellows appointed under the John S. McCain Defense Fellows 
          Program.

 Subtitle B--Organization and Management of Other Department of Defense 
                          Offices and Elements

Sec. 911. Codification of Assistant Secretaries for Energy, 
          Installations, and Environment of the Army, Navy, and Air 
          Force.

  Subtitle C--Other Department of Defense Organization and Management 
                                 Matters

Sec. 921. Prohibition on ownership or trading of stocks in certain 
          companies by certain officials of the Department of Defense.
Sec. 922. Limitation on consolidation of Defense Media Activity.
Sec. 923. Report on resources to implement the civilian casualty policy 
          of the Department of Defense.

                  Subtitle D--United States Space Force

Sec. 951. Short title.
Sec. 952. The Space Force.
Sec. 953. Chief of Space Operations.
Sec. 954. Space Force Acquisition Council.
Sec. 955. Assistant Secretary of Defense for Space Policy.
Sec. 956. Assistant Secretary of the Air Force for Space Acquisition and 
          Integration.
Sec. 957. Service Acquisition Executive of the Department of the Air 
          Force for Space Systems and Programs.
Sec. 958. Conforming amendments and clarification of authorities.
Sec. 959. Effects on military installations.
Sec. 960. Availability of funds.
Sec. 961. Implementation.

                       TITLE X--GENERAL PROVISIONS

                      Subtitle A--Financial Matters

Sec. 1001. General transfer authority.
Sec. 1002. Defense Business Audit Remediation Plan.
Sec. 1003. Financial improvement and audit remediation plan.
Sec. 1004. Reporting requirements relating to Department of Defense 
          audits.
Sec. 1005. Inclusion of certain military construction projects in annual 
          reports on unfunded priorities of the Armed Forces and the 
          combatant commands.
Sec. 1006. Prohibition on delegation of responsibility for submittal to 
          Congress of Out-Year Unconstrained Total Munitions 
          Requirements and Out-Year Inventory numbers.
Sec. 1007. Annual budget justification display for service-common and 
          other support and enabling capabilities for special operations 
          forces.
Sec. 1008. Element in annual reports on the Financial Improvement and 
          Audit Remediation Plan on activities with respect to 
          classified programs.
Sec. 1009. Plan of the Department of Defense for financial management 
          information.
Sec. 1010. Update of authorities and renaming of Department of Defense 
          Acquisition Workforce Development Fund.
Sec. 1011. Transparency of accounting firms used to support Department 
          of Defense audit.
Sec. 1012. Modification of required elements of annual reports on 
          emergency and extraordinary expenses of the Department of 
          Defense.

                   Subtitle B--Counterdrug Activities

Sec. 1021. Modification of authority to support a unified counterdrug 
          and counterterrorism campaign in Colombia.
Sec. 1022. Extension of authority for joint task forces to provide 
          support to law enforcement agencies conducting counter-
          terrorism activities.
Sec. 1023. Sense of Congress regarding Department of Defense counterdrug 
          activities in the transit zone and Caribbean basin.
Sec. 1024. Assessment of impact of any planned or proposed border wall 
          on volume of illegal narcotics.

                        Subtitle C--Naval Vessels

Sec. 1031. Modification of authority to purchase vessels using funds in 
          National Defense Sealift Fund.
Sec. 1032. Use of National Defense Sealift Fund for procurement of two 
          used vessels.
Sec. 1033. Transportation by sea of supplies for the Armed Forces and 
          Defense Agencies.
Sec. 1034. Senior Technical Authority for each naval vessel class.
Sec. 1035. Permanent authority for sustaining operational readiness of 
          littoral combat ships on extended deployment.
Sec. 1036. Formal training for shipboard system programs of record.
Sec. 1037. Report on shipbuilder training and the defense industrial 
          base.
Sec. 1038. Use of competitive procedures for CVN-80 and CVN-81 dual 
          aircraft carrier contract.
Sec. 1039. Report on expanding naval vessel maintenance.

                      Subtitle D--Counterterrorism

Sec. 1041. Modification of support of special operations to combat 
          terrorism.
Sec. 1042. Extension of prohibition on use of funds for transfer or 
          release of individuals detained at United States Naval 
          Station, Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, to certain countries.
Sec. 1043. Extension of prohibition on use of funds for transfer or 
          release of individuals detained at United States Naval 
          Station, Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, to the United States.
Sec. 1044. Extension of prohibition on use of funds to construct or 
          modify facilities in the United States to house detainees 
          transferred from United States Naval Station, Guantanamo Bay, 
          Cuba.
Sec. 1045. Extension of prohibition on use of funds to close or 
          relinquish control of United States Naval Station, Guantanamo 
          Bay, Cuba.
Sec. 1046. Chief Medical Officer at United States Naval Station, 
          Guantanamo Bay, Cuba.
Sec. 1047. Independent assessment on gender and countering violent 
          extremism.

          Subtitle E--Miscellaneous Authorities and Limitations

Sec. 1051. Scheduling of Department of Defense executive aircraft 
          controlled by Secretaries of military departments.
Sec. 1052. Explosive ordnance defense disposal program.
Sec. 1053. Technical correction and extension of reporting requirement 
          regarding enhancement of information sharing and coordination 
          of military training between Department of Homeland Security 
          and Department of Defense.
Sec. 1054. Notification on the provision of defense sensitive support.
Sec. 1055. Revision to authorities relating to mail service for members 
          of the Armed Forces and Department of Defense civilians 
          overseas.
Sec. 1056. Access to and use of military post offices by United States 
          citizens employed overseas by the North Atlantic Treaty 
          Organization who perform functions in support of military 
          operations of the Armed Forces.
Sec. 1057. Expenditure of funds for Department of Defense intelligence 
          and counterintelligence activities.
Sec. 1058. Limitation on use of funds for the inactivation of Army 
          watercraft units.

                  TITLE XI--CIVILIAN PERSONNEL MATTERS

                     Subtitle A--General Provisions

Sec. 1101. Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency personnel 
          management authority.
Sec. 1102. Report on the probationary period for Department of Defense 
          employees.
Sec. 1103. Civilian personnel management.
Sec. 1104. One-year extension of temporary authority to grant 
          allowances, benefits, and gratuities to civilian personnel on 
          official duty in a combat zone.
Sec. 1105. One-year extension of authority to waive annual limitation on 
          premium pay and aggregate limitation on pay for Federal 
          civilian employees working overseas.
Sec. 1106. Performance of civilian functions by military personnel.
Sec. 1107. Extension of direct hire authority for domestic industrial 
          base facilities and Major Range and Test Facilities Base.
Sec. 1108. Authority to provide additional allowances and benefits for 
          certain Defense Clandestine Service employees.
Sec. 1109. Modification of direct hire authorities for the Department of 
          Defense.
Sec. 1110. Designating certain FEHBP and FEGLI services provided by 
          Federal employees as excepted services under the Anti-
          Deficiency Act.
Sec. 1111. Continuing supplemental dental and vision benefits and long-
          term care insurance coverage during a Government shutdown.
Sec. 1112. Limitation on transfer of Office of Personnel Management.
Sec. 1113. Assessment of Accelerated Promotion Program suspension.
Sec. 1114. Reimbursement for Federal, State, and local income taxes 
          incurred during travel, transportation, and relocation.
Sec. 1115. Clarification of limitation on expedited hiring authority for 
          post-secondary students.
Sec. 1116. Modification of temporary assignments of Department of 
          Defense employees to a private-sector organization.
Sec. 1117. Extension of authority for part-time reemployment.

                       Subtitle B--Fair Chance Act

Sec. 1121. Short title.
Sec. 1122. Prohibition on criminal history inquiries prior to 
          conditional offer for Federal employment.
Sec. 1123. Prohibition on criminal history inquiries by contractors 
          prior to conditional offer.
Sec. 1124. Report on employment of individuals formerly incarcerated in 
          Federal prisons.

                      Subtitle C--ATC Hiring Reform

Sec. 1131. Short title; definition.
Sec. 1132. Hiring of air traffic control specialists.
Sec. 1133. Ensuring hiring preference for applicants with experience at 
          an air traffic control facility of the National Guard.
Sec. 1134. FAA reports on air traffic controller hiring and training.
Sec. 1135. DOT Inspector General review and report.

             TITLE XII--MATTERS RELATING TO FOREIGN NATIONS

                   Subtitle A--Assistance and Training

Sec. 1201. Modification of authority to build capacity of foreign 
          security forces.
Sec. 1202. Modification and extension of cross servicing agreements for 
          loan of personnel protection and personnel survivability 
          equipment in coalition operations.
Sec. 1203. Modifications of authorities relating to acquisition and 
          cross-servicing agreements.
Sec. 1204. Modification of quarterly report on obligation and 
          expenditure of funds for security cooperation programs and 
          activities.
Sec. 1205. Gender perspectives and participation by women in security 
          cooperation activities.
Sec. 1206. Plan to provide consistency of administration of authorities 
          relating to vetting of units of security forces of foreign 
          countries; modification of assessment, monitoring, and 
          evaluation of security cooperation programs and activities.
Sec. 1207. Extension of authority for support of special operations for 
          irregular warfare.
Sec. 1208. Extension and modification of Commanders' Emergency Response 
          Program and elimination of certain payments to redress injury 
          and loss.
Sec. 1209. Two-year extension of program authority for Global Security 
          Contingency Fund.
Sec. 1210. Legal institutional capacity building initiative for foreign 
          defense institutions.
Sec. 1210A. Department of Defense support for stabilization activities 
          in national security interest of the United States.

        Subtitle B--Matters Relating to Afghanistan and Pakistan

Sec. 1211. Extension of authority to transfer defense articles and 
          provide defense services to the military and security forces 
          of Afghanistan.
Sec. 1212. Extension and modification of authority to acquire products 
          and services produced in countries along a major route of 
          supply to Afghanistan.
Sec. 1213. Authority for certain payments to redress injury and loss.
Sec. 1214. Extension and modification of semiannual report on enhancing 
          security and stability in Afghanistan.
Sec. 1215. Special Immigrant Visa program reporting requirement.
Sec. 1216. Meaningful inclusion of Afghan women in peace negotiations.
Sec. 1217. Extension and modification of authority for reimbursement of 
          certain coalition nations for support provided to United 
          States military operations.
Sec. 1218. Support for reconciliation activities led by the Government 
          of Afghanistan.
Sec. 1219. Modification and extension of the Afghan Special Immigrant 
          Visa Program.

          Subtitle C--Matters Relating to Syria, Iraq, and Iran

Sec. 1221. Modification of authority and limitation on use of funds to 
          provide assistance to counter the Islamic State of Iraq and 
          Syria.
Sec. 1222. Extension and modification of authority to provide assistance 
          to vetted Syrian groups and individuals.
Sec. 1223. Modification of authority to support operations and 
          activities of the Office of Security Cooperation in Iraq.
Sec. 1224. Establishing a coordinator for detained ISIS members and 
          relevant displaced populations in Syria.
Sec. 1225. Report on lessons learned from efforts to liberate Mosul and 
          Raqqah from control of the Islamic State of Iraq and Syria.
Sec. 1226. Expansion of availability of financial assets of Iran to 
          victims of terrorism.
Sec. 1227. Report on the status of deconfliction channels with Iran.
Sec. 1228. Prohibition on provision of weapons and other forms of 
          support to certain organizations.

         Subtitle D--Matters Relating to the Russian Federation

Sec. 1231. Extension of limitation on military cooperation between the 
          United States and Russia.
Sec. 1232. Prohibition on availability of funds relating to sovereignty 
          of Russia over Crimea.
Sec. 1233. Sense of Congress on updating and modernizing existing 
          agreements to avert miscalculation between the United States 
          and Russia.
Sec. 1234. United States participation in Open Skies Treaty.
Sec. 1235. Modifications of briefing, notification, and reporting 
          requirements relating to non-compliance by the Russian 
          Federation with its obligations under the INF Treaty.
Sec. 1236. Report on treaties relating to nuclear arms control.
Sec. 1237. Reports relating to the New START Treaty.
Sec. 1238. Report on military activities of the Russian Federation and 
          the People's Republic of China in the Arctic region.
Sec. 1239. Updated strategy to counter the threat of malign influence by 
          the Russian Federation and other countries.

             Subtitle E--Matters Relating to Europe and NATO

Sec. 1241. Sense of Congress on support for the North Atlantic Treaty 
          Organization.
Sec. 1242. Prohibition on the use of funds to suspend, terminate, or 
          provide notice of denunciation of the North Atlantic Treaty.
Sec. 1243. Future years plans and planning transparency for the European 
          Deterrence Initiative.
Sec. 1244. Modification and extension of Ukraine Security Assistance 
          Initiative.
Sec. 1245. Limitation on transfer of F-35 aircraft to Turkey.
Sec. 1246. Baltic defense assessment; extension and modification of 
          security assistance for Baltic countries for joint program for 
          interoperability and deterrence against aggression.
Sec. 1247. Extension of authority for and report on training for Eastern 
          European national security forces in the course of 
          multilateral exercises.
Sec. 1248. Extension and modification of NATO Special Operations 
          Headquarters.
Sec. 1249. North Atlantic Treaty Organization Joint Force Command.
Sec. 1250. Report on North Atlantic Treaty Organization Readiness 
          Initiative.
Sec. 1250A. Repeal of prohibition on transfer of articles on the United 
          States munitions list to the Republic of Cyprus.

         Subtitle F--Matters Relating to the Indo-Pacific Region

Sec. 1251. Modification of Indo-Pacific Maritime Security Initiative.
Sec. 1252. Expansion of Indo-Pacific Maritime Security Initiative and 
          limitation on use of funds.
Sec. 1253. Report on resourcing United States defense requirements for 
          the Indo-Pacific region and study on competitive strategies.
Sec. 1254. Limitation on use of funds to reduce the total number of 
          members of the Armed Forces serving on active duty who are 
          deployed to South Korea.
Sec. 1255. Report on direct, indirect, and burden-sharing contributions 
          of Japan and South Korea.
Sec. 1256. Sense of Congress on security commitments to the Governments 
          of Japan and the Republic of Korea and trilateral cooperation 
          among the United States, Japan, and the Republic of Korea.
Sec. 1257. Sense of Congress on North Korea.
Sec. 1258. Statement of policy and sense of Congress on, and strategy to 
          fulfill obligations under, Mutual Defense Treaty with the 
          Republic of the Philippines.
Sec. 1259. Report on security cooperation with the Philippine National 
          Police.
Sec. 1260. Modification of annual report on military and security 
          developments involving the People's Republic of China.
Sec. 1260A. Report on foreign military activities in Pacific Island 
          countries.
Sec. 1260B. Report on cybersecurity activities with Taiwan.
Sec. 1260C. Review and report related to the Taiwan Relations Act.
Sec. 1260D. Sense of Congress on enhancement of the United States-Taiwan 
          defense relationship.
Sec. 1260E. Chinese foreign direct investment in countries of the Arctic 
          region.
Sec. 1260F. Sense of Congress on policy toward Hong Kong.
Sec. 1260G. Sense of Congress on enhancing defense and security 
          cooperation with the Republic of Singapore.
Sec. 1260H. Authority to transfer funds for Bien Hoa dioxin cleanup.
Sec. 1260I. Limitation on removal of Huawei Technologies Co. Ltd. from 
          entity list of Bureau of Industry and Security.
Sec. 1260J. Report on ZTE compliance with Superseding Settlement 
          Agreement and Superseding Order.
Sec. 1260K. Report on the lay-down of United States Marines in the Indo-
          Pacific Region.

                        Subtitle G--Other Matters

Sec. 1261. Modification to report on legal and policy frameworks for the 
          use of military force.
Sec. 1262. Independent review of sufficiency of resources available to 
          United States Southern Command and United States Africa 
          Command.
Sec. 1263. United States Central Command posture assessment and review.
Sec. 1264. Limitation on production of nuclear proliferation assessment 
          statements.
Sec. 1265. Western Hemisphere resource assessment.
Sec. 1266. Human rights in Brazil.
Sec. 1267. Certification relating to assistance for Guatemala.
Sec. 1268. Independent analysis of human rights situation in Honduras.
Sec. 1269. Briefing on strategy to improve the efforts of the Nigerian 
          military to prevent, mitigate, and respond to civilian harm.
Sec. 1270. Report on implications of Chinese military presence in 
          Djibouti.
Sec. 1271. Rule of construction on the permanent stationing of United 
          States Armed Forces in Somalia.
Sec. 1272. Defense and diplomatic strategy for Libya.
Sec. 1273. Prohibition on in-flight refueling to non-United States 
          aircraft that engage in hostilities in the ongoing civil war 
          in Yemen.
Sec. 1274. Report on Saudi-led coalition strikes in Yemen.
Sec. 1275. Reports on expenses incurred for in-flight refueling of Saudi 
          coalition aircraft conducting missions relating to civil war 
          in Yemen.
Sec. 1276. Report on Saudi Arabia's human rights record.
Sec. 1277. Report on intelligence community assessment relating to the 
          killing of Washington Post columnist Jamal Khashoggi.
Sec. 1278. United States-Israel cooperation to counter unmanned aerial 
          systems.
Sec. 1279. Extension and modification of authority for United States-
          Israel anti-tunnel cooperation activities.
Sec. 1280. Report on cost imposition strategy.
Sec. 1281. Modification of initiative to support protection of national 
          security academic researchers from undue influence and other 
          security threats.
Sec. 1282. Modification of responsibility for policy on civilian 
          casualty matters.
Sec. 1283. Report on export of certain satellites to entities with 
          certain beneficial ownership structures.
Sec. 1284. Rule of construction relating to the use of military force.
Sec. 1285. Reports and briefings on use of military force and support of 
          partner forces.

                TITLE XIII--COOPERATIVE THREAT REDUCTION

Sec. 1301. Funding allocations; specification of cooperative threat 
          reduction funds.

                     TITLE XIV--OTHER AUTHORIZATIONS

                      Subtitle A--Military Programs

Sec. 1401. Working capital funds.
Sec. 1402. Chemical agents and munitions destruction, defense.
Sec. 1403. Drug interdiction and counter-drug activities, defense-wide.
Sec. 1404. Defense inspector general.
Sec. 1405. Defense health program.

                        Subtitle B--Other Matters

Sec. 1411. Authority for transfer of funds to joint Department of 
          Defense-Department of Veterans Affairs Medical Facility 
          Demonstration Fund for Captain James A. Lovell Health Care 
          Center, Illinois.
Sec. 1412. Authorization of appropriations for Armed Forces Retirement 
          Home.

   TITLE XV--AUTHORIZATION OF ADDITIONAL APPROPRIATIONS FOR OVERSEAS 
                         CONTINGENCY OPERATIONS

Sec. 1501. Purpose.
Sec. 1502. Treatment as additional authorizations.

  Subtitle A--Authorization of Appropriations for Overseas Contingency 
                               Operations

Sec. 1511. Overseas contingency operations.
Sec. 1512. Procurement.
Sec. 1513.  Research, development, test, and evaluation.
Sec. 1514. Operation and maintenance.
Sec. 1515. Military personnel.
Sec. 1516. Working capital funds.
Sec. 1517. Drug interdiction and counter-drug activities, defense-wide.
Sec. 1518. Defense inspector general.
Sec. 1519. Defense health program.
Sec. 1520. Afghanistan security forces fund.
Sec. 1520A. Special transfer authority.

  Subtitle B--Authorization of Appropriations for Emergency Funds for 
                        Recovery and Restoration

Sec. 1521. Procurement.
Sec. 1522. Research, development, test, and evaluation.
Sec. 1523. Operation and maintenance.
Sec. 1524. Restriction on transfer of funds authorized by this subtitle.

     TITLE XVI--STRATEGIC PROGRAMS, CYBER, AND INTELLIGENCE MATTERS

                      Subtitle A--Space Activities

Sec. 1601. Repeal of requirement to establish United States Space 
          Command as a subordinate unified command of the United States 
          Strategic Command.
Sec. 1602. Coordination of modernization efforts relating to military-
          code capable GPS receiver cards.
Sec. 1603. Demonstration of backup and complementary positioning, 
          navigation, and timing capabilities of Global Positioning 
          System.
Sec. 1604. Annual determination on plan on full integration and 
          exploitation of overhead persistent infrared capability.
Sec. 1605. Space-based environmental monitoring mission requirements.
Sec. 1606. Resilient enterprise ground architecture.
Sec. 1607. Prototype program for multi-global navigation satellite 
          system receiver development.
Sec. 1608. Commercial space situational awareness capabilities.
Sec. 1609. Program to enhance and improve launch support and 
          infrastructure.
Sec. 1610. Preparation to implement plan for use of allied launch 
          vehicles.
Sec. 1611. Independent study on plan for deterrence in space.
Sec. 1612. Study on leveraging diverse commercial satellite remote 
          sensing capabilities.
Sec. 1613. Annual report on Space Command and Control program.
Sec. 1614. Report on space debris.

  Subtitle B--Defense Intelligence and Intelligence-Related Activities

Sec. 1621. Redesignation of Under Secretary of Defense for Intelligence 
          as Under Secretary of Defense for Intelligence and Security.
Sec. 1622. Modifications to ISR Integration Council and annual briefing 
          requirements.
Sec. 1623. Modification of annual authorization of appropriations for 
          National Flagship Language Initiative.
Sec. 1624. Improving the onboarding methodology for intelligence 
          personnel.
Sec. 1625. Defense Counterintelligence and Security Agency activities on 
          facilitating access to local criminal records historical data.
Sec. 1626. Survey and report on alignment of intelligence collections 
          capabilities and activities with Department of Defense 
          requirements.
Sec. 1627. Reports on Consolidated Adjudication Facility of the Defense 
          Counterintelligence and Security Agency.
Sec. 1628. Report on the expanded purview of the Defense 
          Counterintelligence and Security Agency.
Sec. 1629. Termination of requirement for Department of Defense facility 
          access clearances for joint ventures composed of previously-
          cleared entities.

                 Subtitle C--Cyberspace-Related Matters

Sec. 1631. Matters relating to military operations in the information 
          environment.
Sec. 1632. Notification requirements for sensitive military cyber 
          operations.
Sec. 1633. Evaluation of cyber vulnerabilities of major weapon systems 
          of the Department of Defense.
Sec. 1634. Quarterly assessments of the readiness of Cyber Mission 
          Forces.
Sec. 1635. Cyber posture review.
Sec. 1636. Modification of elements of assessment required for 
          termination of dual-hat arrangement for Commander of the 
          United States Cyber Command.
Sec. 1637. Modification of cyber scholarship program.
Sec. 1638. Tier 1 exercise of support to civil authorities for a cyber 
          incident.
Sec. 1639. Extension of the Cyberspace Solarium Commission.
Sec. 1640. Authority to use operation and maintenance funds for cyber 
          operations-peculiar capability development projects.
Sec. 1641. Role of Chief Information Officer in improving enterprise-
          wide cybersecurity.
Sec. 1642. Notification of delegation of authorities to the Secretary of 
          Defense for military operations in cyberspace.
Sec. 1643. Limitation of funding for Consolidated Afloat Networks and 
          Enterprise Services.
Sec. 1644. Annual military cyberspace operations report.
Sec. 1645. Annual report on cyber attacks and intrusions against the 
          Department of Defense by certain foreign entities.
Sec. 1646. Control and analysis of Department of Defense data stolen 
          through cyberspace.
Sec. 1647. Use of National Security Agency cybersecurity expertise to 
          support evaluation of commercial cybersecurity products.
Sec. 1648. Framework to enhance cybersecurity of the United States 
          defense industrial base.
Sec. 1649. Report on cybersecurity training programs.
Sec. 1650. National Security Presidential Memorandums relating to 
          Department of Defense operations in cyberspace.
Sec. 1651. Reorientation of Big Data Platform program.
Sec. 1652. Zero-based review of Department of Defense cyber and 
          information technology personnel.
Sec. 1653. Study on improving cyber career paths in the Navy.
Sec. 1654. Accreditation standards and processes for cybersecurity and 
          information technology products and services.
Sec. 1655. Study on future cyber warfighting capabilities of Department 
          of Defense.
Sec. 1656. Study to determine the optimal strategy for structuring and 
          manning elements of the Joint Force Headquarters-Cyber 
          Organizations, Joint Mission Operations Centers, and Cyber 
          Operations-Integrated Planning Elements.
Sec. 1657. Cyber governance structures and Principal Cyber Advisors on 
          military cyber force matters.
Sec. 1658. Designation of test networks for testing and accreditation of 
          cybersecurity products and services.
Sec. 1659. Consortia of universities to advise Secretary of Defense on 
          cybersecurity matters.
Sec. 1660. Joint assessment of Department of Defense cyber red team 
          capabilities, capacity, demand, and requirements.

                       Subtitle D--Nuclear Forces

Sec. 1661. Conforming amendment to Council on Oversight of the National 
          Leadership Command, Control, and Communications System.
Sec. 1662. Modification of authorities relating to nuclear command, 
          control, and communications system.
Sec. 1663. Briefings on meetings held by Nuclear Weapons Council.
Sec. 1664. Consideration of budget matters at meetings of Nuclear 
          Weapons Council.
Sec. 1665. Improvement to annual report on the modernization of the 
          nuclear weapons enterprise.
Sec. 1666. Expansion of officials required to conduct biennial 
          assessments of delivery platforms for nuclear weapons and 
          nuclear command and control system.
Sec. 1667. Extension of annual briefing on costs of forward-deploying 
          nuclear weapons in Europe.
Sec. 1668. Elimination of conventional requirement for long-range 
          standoff weapon.
Sec. 1669. Briefing on long-range standoff weapon and sea-launched 
          cruise missile.
Sec. 1670. Extension of prohibition on availability of funds for mobile 
          variant of ground-based strategic deterrent missile.
Sec. 1671. Reports on development of ground-based strategic deterrent 
          weapon.
Sec. 1672. Prohibition on reduction of the intercontinental ballistic 
          missiles of the United States.
Sec. 1673. Independent study on policy of no-first-use of nuclear 
          weapons.
Sec. 1674. Independent study on risks of nuclear terrorism and nuclear 
          war.
Sec. 1675. Report on military-to-military dialogue to reduce risks of 
          miscalculation leading to nuclear war.
Sec. 1676. Report on nuclear forces of the United States and near-peer 
          countries.
Sec. 1677. Report on operation of conventional forces of military 
          departments under employment or threat of employment of 
          nuclear weapons.
Sec. 1678. Report on operation of conventional forces of certain 
          combatant commands under employment or threat of employment of 
          nuclear weapons.
Sec. 1679. Briefings on plan for future-systems-level architecture of 
          nuclear command, control, and communications systems.
Sec. 1680. Sense of Congress on nuclear deterrence commitments of the 
          United States.

                  Subtitle E--Missile Defense Programs

Sec. 1681. National missile defense policy.
Sec. 1682. Development of space-based ballistic missile intercept layer.
Sec. 1683. Development of hypersonic and ballistic missile tracking 
          space sensor payload.
Sec. 1684. Modifications to required testing by Missile Defense Agency 
          of ground-based midcourse defense element of ballistic missile 
          defense system.
Sec. 1685. Iron Dome short-range rocket defense system and Israeli 
          cooperative missile defense program co-development and co-
          production.
Sec. 1686. Limitation on availability of funds for lower tier air and 
          missile defense sensor.
Sec. 1687. Plan for the redesigned kill vehicle replacement.
Sec. 1688. Organization, authorities, and billets of the Missile Defense 
          Agency.
Sec. 1689. Annual assessment of ballistic missile defense system.
Sec. 1690. Command and control, battle management, and communications 
          program.
Sec. 1691. Missile defense interceptor site in contiguous United States.
Sec. 1692. Independent study on impacts of missile defense development 
          and deployment.
Sec. 1693. Report and briefing on multi-volume kill capability.

                        Subtitle F--Other Matters

Sec. 1694. Extension of authorization for protection of certain 
          facilities and assets from unmanned aircraft.
Sec. 1695. Repeal of requirement for commission on electromagnetic pulse 
          attacks and similar events.
Sec. 1696. Repeal of review requirement for ammonium perchlorate report.
Sec. 1697. Transferability of conventional prompt global strike weapon 
          system technologies to surface-launched platforms.
Sec. 1698. Prohibition on availability of funds for certain offensive 
          ground-launched ballistic or cruise missile systems.
Sec. 1699. Hard and deeply buried targets.

                  TITLE XVII--REPORTS AND OTHER MATTERS

                     Subtitle A--Studies and Reports

Sec. 1701. Modification of annual reporting requirements on defense 
          manpower.
Sec. 1702. Termination of requirement for submittal to Congress of 
          certain recurring reports.
Sec. 1703. Modification of annual report on civilian casualties in 
          connection with United States military operations.
Sec. 1704. Extension of requirement for briefings on the national 
          biodefense strategy.
Sec. 1705. Authorization of appropriations for title III of the Defense 
          Production Act of 1950.
Sec. 1706. Report on the Department of Defense plan for mass-casualty 
          disaster response operations in the Arctic.
Sec. 1707. Transmittal to Congress of requests for assistance from other 
          departments of the Federal Government that are approved by the 
          Department of Defense.
Sec. 1708. Report and briefing on implementation of national defense 
          strategy.
Sec. 1709. Actions to increase analytic support.
Sec. 1710. Inclusion of certain individuals investigated by Inspectors 
          General in the semiannual report.
Sec. 1711. Annual report on Joint Military Information Support 
          Operations Web Operations Center.
Sec. 1712. Mobility capability requirements study.
Sec. 1713. Assessment of special operations force structure.
Sec. 1714. Army aviation strategic plan and modernization roadmap.
Sec. 1715. Report on ground-based long-range artillery to counter land 
          and maritime threats.
Sec. 1716. Independent review of transportation working-capital fund.
Sec. 1717. Geographic command risk assessment of proposed use of certain 
          aircraft capabilities.
Sec. 1718. Report on backlog of personnel security clearance 
          adjudications.
Sec. 1719. Report regarding outstanding Government Accountability Office 
          recommendations.
Sec. 1720. Report on National Guard and United States Northern Command 
          capacity to meet homeland defense and security incidents.
Sec. 1721. Assessment of standards, processes, procedures, and policy 
          relating to civilian casualties.
Sec. 1722. Report on transfers of equipment to prohibited entities.
Sec. 1723. Annual report on strikes undertaken by the United States 
          against terrorist targets outside areas of active hostilities.
Sec. 1724. Review and assessment of mitigation of military helicopter 
          noise.

                        Subtitle B--Other Matters

Sec. 1731. Technical, conforming, and clerical amendments.
Sec. 1732. Establishment of lead Inspector General for an overseas 
          contingency operation based on Secretary of Defense 
          notification.
Sec. 1733. Clarification of authority of Inspectors General for overseas 
          contingency operations.
Sec. 1734. Employment status of annuitants for Inspectors General for 
          overseas contingency operations.
Sec. 1735. Extension of National Security Commission on Artificial 
          Intelligence.
Sec. 1736. Exemption from calculation of monthly income, for purposes of 
          bankruptcy laws, of certain payments from the Department of 
          Veterans Affairs and the Department of Defense.
Sec. 1737. Extension of postage stamp for breast cancer research.
Sec. 1738. National Commission on Military Aviation Safety.
Sec. 1739. Guarantee of residency for spouses of members of the 
          uniformed services.
Sec. 1740. Electromagnetic pulses and geomagnetic disturbances.
Sec. 1741. Improvements to Manufacturing USA Program.
Sec. 1742. Regional innovation program.
Sec. 1743. Aviation workforce development.
Sec. 1744. Oversight of Department of Defense execute orders.
Sec. 1745. Processes and procedures for notifications regarding special 
          operations forces.
Sec. 1746. Securing American science and technology.
Sec. 1747. Standardized policy guidance for calculating aircraft 
          operation and sustainment costs.
Sec. 1748. Special Federal Aviation Regulation Working Group.
Sec. 1749. Prohibition on names related to the Confederacy.
Sec. 1750. Support for National Maritime Heritage Grants program.
Sec. 1751. Support for world language advancement and readiness.
Sec. 1752. Designation of Department of Defense strategic Arctic ports.
Sec. 1753. Independent studies regarding potential cost savings with 
          respect to the nuclear security enterprise and force structure 
          .
Sec. 1754. Comprehensive Department of Defense policy on collective 
          self-defense.
Sec. 1755. Policy regarding the transition of data and applications to 
          the cloud.
Sec. 1756. Integrated public alert and warning system.
Sec. 1757. Improving quality of information in background investigation 
          request packages.
Sec. 1758. Parole in place for members of the Armed Forces and certain 
          military dependents.
Sec. 1759. Report on reducing the backlog in legally required historical 
          declassification obligations of the Department of Defense.
Sec. 1760. Military type certification for light attack experimentation 
          aircraft.

            DIVISION B--MILITARY CONSTRUCTION AUTHORIZATIONS

Sec. 2001. Short title.
Sec. 2002. Expiration of authorizations and amounts required to be 
          specified by law.
Sec. 2003. Effective date.

                  TITLE XXI--ARMY MILITARY CONSTRUCTION

Sec. 2101. Authorized Army construction and land acquisition projects.
Sec. 2102. Family housing.
Sec. 2103. Authorization of appropriations, Army.
Sec. 2104. Modification of authority to carry out certain fiscal year 
          2019 projects.

                 TITLE XXII--NAVY MILITARY CONSTRUCTION

Sec. 2201. Authorized Navy construction and land acquisition projects.
Sec. 2202. Family housing.
Sec. 2203. Improvements to military family housing units.
Sec. 2204. Authorization of appropriations, Navy.
Sec. 2205. Modification of authority to carry out certain fiscal year 
          2017 project.

              TITLE XXIII--AIR FORCE MILITARY CONSTRUCTION

Sec. 2301. Authorized Air Force construction and land acquisition 
          projects.
Sec. 2302. Family housing.
Sec. 2303. Improvements to military family housing units.
Sec. 2304. Authorization of appropriations, Air Force.
Sec. 2305. Modification of authorities to carry out phased Joint 
          Intelligence Analysis Complex consolidation.
Sec. 2306. Modification of authority to carry out certain fiscal year 
          2016 project.
Sec. 2307. Modification of authority to carry out certain fiscal year 
          2017 project.
Sec. 2308. Modification of authority to carry out certain fiscal year 
          2018 projects.
Sec. 2309. Modification of authority to carry out certain fiscal year 
          2019 projects.

           TITLE XXIV--DEFENSE AGENCIES MILITARY CONSTRUCTION

Sec. 2401. Authorized Defense Agencies construction and land acquisition 
          projects.
Sec. 2402. Authorized Energy Resilience and Conservation Investment 
          Program projects.
Sec. 2403. Authorization of appropriations, Defense Agencies.

                    TITLE XXV--INTERNATIONAL PROGRAMS

   Subtitle A--North Atlantic Treaty Organization Security Investment 
                                 Program

Sec. 2501. Authorized NATO construction and land acquisition projects.
Sec. 2502. Authorization of appropriations, NATO.

             Subtitle B--Host Country In-kind Contributions

Sec. 2511. Republic of Korea funded construction projects.

             TITLE XXVI--GUARD AND RESERVE FORCES FACILITIES

Sec. 2601. Authorized Army National Guard construction and land 
          acquisition projects.
Sec. 2602. Authorized Army Reserve construction and land acquisition 
          projects.
Sec. 2603. Authorized Navy Reserve and Marine Corps Reserve construction 
          and land acquisition projects.
Sec. 2604. Authorized Air National Guard construction and land 
          acquisition projects.
Sec. 2605. Authorized Air Force Reserve construction and land 
          acquisition projects.
Sec. 2606. Authorization of appropriations, National Guard and Reserve.

          TITLE XXVII--BASE REALIGNMENT AND CLOSURE ACTIVITIES

Sec. 2701. Authorization of appropriations for base realignment and 
          closure activities funded through Department of Defense base 
          closure account.
Sec. 2702. Prohibition on conducting additional base realignment and 
          closure (BRAC) round.

         TITLE XXVIII--MILITARY CONSTRUCTION GENERAL PROVISIONS

                Subtitle A--Military Construction Program

Sec. 2801. Military installation resilience plans and projects.
Sec. 2802. Improved consultation with tribal governments when proposed 
          military construction projects potentially impact Indian 
          tribes.
Sec. 2803. Increased authority for use of certain appropriations amounts 
          for restoration or replacement of damaged or destroyed 
          facilities.
Sec. 2804. Amendment of Unified Facilities Criteria to promote military 
          installation resilience, energy resilience, energy and climate 
          resiliency, and cyber resilience.
Sec. 2805. Modification to Department of Defense Form 1391 regarding 
          consideration of potential long-term adverse environmental 
          effects.
Sec. 2806. Improved flood risk disclosure for military construction.
Sec. 2807. Prioritization of projects in annual report on unfunded 
          requirements for laboratory military construction projects.
Sec. 2808. Technical corrections and improvements to defense access road 
          resilience.
Sec. 2809. Military construction projects for child development centers 
          at military installations.
Sec. 2810. Prohibition on use of funds to reduce air base resiliency or 
          demolish protected aircraft shelters in the European theater 
          without creating a similar protection from attack.
Sec. 2811. Prohibition on use of funds to close or return certain bases 
          to the host nation.

         Subtitle B--Real Property and Facilities Administration

Sec. 2821. Improved energy security for main operating bases in Europe.
Sec. 2822. Access to Department of Defense installations for 
          credentialed transportation workers.
Sec. 2823. Improved recording and maintaining of Department of Defense 
          real property data.

                      Subtitle C--Land Conveyances

Sec. 2831. Land conveyance, Hill Air Force Base, Ogden, Utah.
Sec. 2832. Release of interests retained in Camp Joseph T. Robinson, 
          Arkansas, for use of such land as a veterans cemetery.
Sec. 2833. Modification of authorized uses of certain property conveyed 
          by the United States in Los Angeles, California.
Sec. 2834. Transfer of administrative jurisdiction over certain parcels 
          of Federal land in Arlington, Virginia.

                  Subtitle D--Military Land Withdrawals

Sec. 2841. Public notice regarding upcoming periods of Secretary of the 
          Navy management of Shared Use Area of the Johnson Valley Off-
          Highway Vehicle Recreation Area.

   Subtitle E--White Sands National Park and White Sands Missile Range

Sec. 2851. White Sands Missile Range Land Enhancements.

                        Subtitle F--Other Matters

Sec. 2861. Installation and maintenance of fire extinguishers in 
          Department of Defense facilities.
Sec. 2862. Definition of community infrastructure for purposes of 
          military base reuse studies and community planning assistance.
Sec. 2863. Temporary authority for acceptance and use of contributions 
          for certain design and construction projects mutually 
          beneficial to the Department of Defense and the Republic of 
          Korea.
Sec. 2864. Black start exercises at military installations.
Sec. 2865. Pilot program to extend service life of roads and runways 
          under the jurisdiction of the Secretary of Defense.
Sec. 2866. Restrictions on rehabilitation of Over-the-Horizon 
          Backscatter Radar System receiving station, Modoc County, 
          California.
Sec. 2867. Designation of Sumpter Smith Joint National Guard Base.
Sec. 2868. Santa Ynez Band of Chumash Indians land affirmation.
Sec. 2869. Lands to be taken into trust as part of the reservation of 
          the Lytton Rancheria.
Sec. 2870. Little Shell Tribe of Chippewa Indians of Montana.
Sec. 2871. Sense of Congress on restoration of Tyndall Air Force Base.

 TITLE XXIX--AUTHORIZATION OF OVERSEAS CONTINGENCY OPERATIONS MILITARY 
            CONSTRUCTION AND EMERGENCY MILITARY CONSTRUCTION

    Subtitle A--Overseas Contingency Operations Military Construction

Sec. 2901. Authorized Army construction and land acquisition projects.
Sec. 2902. Authorized Navy construction and land acquisition projects.
Sec. 2903. Authorized Air Force construction and land acquisition 
          projects.
Sec. 2904. Authorized Defense Agencies construction and land acquisition 
          projects.
Sec. 2905. Authorization of appropriations.

               Subtitle B--Emergency Military Construction

Sec. 2911. Authorization of emergency Navy construction and land 
          acquisition projects.
Sec. 2912. Authorization of emergency Air Force construction and land 
          acquisition projects.
Sec. 2913. Authorization of emergency Army National Guard construction 
          and land acquisition projects.
Sec. 2914. Authorization of emergency Defense Agencies construction and 
          land acquisition projects.
Sec. 2915. Authorization of emergency supplemental appropriations for 
          military construction projects.

            TITLE XXX--MILITARY HOUSING PRIVATIZATION REFORM

Sec. 3001. Definitions.

              Subtitle A--Addition of New Reform Subchapter

Sec. 3011. Improved accountability and oversight of privatized military 
          housing and protections and responsibilities for tenants of 
          privatized military housing.
Sec. 3012. Designation of Chief Housing Officer for privatized military 
          housing.
Sec. 3013. Additional requirements relating to contracts for privatized 
          military housing.
Sec. 3014. Additional requirements relating to management of privatized 
          military housing.
Sec. 3015. Consideration of contractor history in contracts for 
          privatized military housing.
Sec. 3016. Additional improvements for management of privatized military 
          housing.
Sec. 3017. Maintenance work order system for privatized military 
          housing.
Sec. 3018. Access by tenants of privatized military housing to 
          maintenance work order system.
Sec. 3019. Access by tenants to historical maintenance information for 
          privatized military housing.
Sec. 3020. Prohibition on requirement to disclose personally 
          identifiable information in certain requests for maintenance 
          of privatized military housing.
Sec. 3021. Treatment of incentive fees for landlords of privatized 
          military housing for failure to remedy a health or 
          environmental hazard.
Sec. 3022. Dispute resolution process for landlord-tenant disputes 
          regarding privatized military housing and requests to withhold 
          payments during dispute resolution process.
Sec. 3023. Investigation of reports of reprisals relating to privatized 
          military housing and congressional notification.
Sec. 3024. Prohibition on use of nondisclosure agreements in connection 
          with leases of privatized military housing.

                 Subtitle B--Other Amendatory Provisions

Sec. 3031. Installation of carbon monoxide detectors in military family 
          housing.
Sec. 3032. Authority to furnish certain services in connection with use 
          of alternative authority for acquisition and improvement of 
          military housing.
Sec. 3033. Treatment of breach of contract for privatized military 
          housing.
Sec. 3034. Modification to requirements for window fall prevention 
          devices in military family housing units.
Sec. 3035. Expansion of direct hire authority for Department of Defense 
          for childcare services providers for Department child 
          development centers to include direct hire authority for 
          installation military housing office personnel.
Sec. 3036. Modification of authority to make payments to lessors of 
          privatized military housing.
Sec. 3037. Technical correction to definition used to make payments to 
          lessors of privatized military housing.

               Subtitle C--One-Time Reporting Requirements

Sec. 3041. Report on civilian personnel shortages for appropriate 
          oversight of management of military housing constructed or 
          acquired using alternative authority for acquisition and 
          improvement of military housing.
Sec. 3042. Plans for creation of councils on privatized military 
          housing.
Sec. 3043. Plan for establishment of Department of Defense jurisdiction 
          over off-base privatized military housing.
Sec. 3044. Inspector General review of Department of Defense oversight 
          of privatized military housing.
Sec. 3045. Information on legal services provided to members of the 
          Armed Forces harmed by health or environmental hazards at 
          military housing.

    Subtitle D--Development of Housing Reform Standards and Processes

Sec. 3051. Uniform code of basic standards for privatized military 
          housing and plan to conduct inspections and assessments.
Sec. 3052. Tool for assessment of hazards in Department of Defense 
          housing.
Sec. 3053. Process to identify and address environmental health hazards 
          in Department of Defense housing.
Sec. 3054. Department of Defense policy on lead-based paint testing on 
          military installations.
Sec. 3055. Standard for minimum credentials for health and environmental 
          inspectors of privatized military housing.
Sec. 3056. Requirements relating to move-in, move-out, and maintenance 
          of privatized military housing.
Sec. 3057. Standardized documentation, templates, and forms for 
          privatized military housing.
Sec. 3058. Satisfaction survey for tenants of military housing.

                Subtitle E--Other Housing Reform Matters

Sec. 3061. Radon testing of privatized military housing.
Sec. 3062. Mitigation of risks posed by certain items in military family 
          housing units.
Sec. 3063. Suspension of Resident Energy Conservation Program and 
          related programs for privatized military housing.
Sec. 3064. Department of the Army pilot program to build and monitor use 
          of single family homes.

 DIVISION C--DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY NATIONAL SECURITY AUTHORIZATIONS AND 
                          OTHER AUTHORIZATIONS

       TITLE XXXI--DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY NATIONAL SECURITY PROGRAMS

        Subtitle A--National Security Programs and Authorizations

Sec. 3101. National Nuclear Security Administration.
Sec. 3102. Defense environmental cleanup.
Sec. 3103. Other defense activities.
Sec. 3104. Nuclear energy.

    Subtitle B--Program Authorizations, Restrictions, and Limitations

Sec. 3111. Personnel matters at National Nuclear Security 
          Administration.
Sec. 3112. Estimation of costs of meeting defense environmental cleanup 
          milestones required by consent orders.
Sec. 3113. Office of Cost Estimating and Program Evaluation.
Sec. 3114. Clarification of certain Stockpile Responsiveness Program 
          objectives.
Sec. 3115. Elimination of limitation on availability of funds relating 
          to submission of annual reports on unfunded priorities.
Sec. 3116. Modification to certain requirements relating to plutonium 
          pit production capacity.
Sec. 3117. Annual certification of shipments to Waste Isolation Pilot 
          Plant.
Sec. 3118. Extension and modification of pilot program on unavailability 
          for overhead costs of amounts specified for laboratory-
          directed research and development.
Sec. 3119. Modification to limitation on availability of funds for 
          acceleration of nuclear weapons dismantlement.
Sec. 3120. Implementation of common financial reporting system for 
          nuclear security enterprise.
Sec. 3121. Limitation relating to reclassification of high-level waste.
Sec. 3122. National Laboratory Jobs ACCESS Program.

                  Subtitle C--Reports and Other Matters

Sec. 3131. Civil penalties for violations of certain whistleblower 
          protections.
Sec. 3132. Repeal of assessments of adequacy of budget requests relating 
          to nuclear weapons stockpile.
Sec. 3133. Repeal of requirement for review relating to enhanced 
          procurement authority.
Sec. 3134. Improvements to Energy Employees Occupational Illness 
          Compensation Program Act of 2000.
Sec. 3135. Replacement of W78 warhead.
Sec. 3136. Independent review of capabilities for detection, 
          verification, and monitoring of nuclear weapons and fissile 
          material.
Sec. 3137. Assessment of high energy density physics.
Sec. 3138. Determination of effect of treaty obligations with respect to 
          producing tritium.
Sec. 3139. Technical corrections to National Nuclear Security 
          Administration Act and Atomic Energy Defense Act.

          TITLE XXXII--DEFENSE NUCLEAR FACILITIES SAFETY BOARD

Sec. 3201. Authorization.
Sec. 3202. Improvements to Defense Nuclear Facilities Safety Board.
Sec. 3203. Membership of Defense Nuclear Facilities Safety Board.

                  TITLE XXXIV--NAVAL PETROLEUM RESERVES

Sec. 3401. Authorization of appropriations.

                      TITLE XXXV--MARITIME MATTERS

                   Subtitle A--Maritime Administration

Sec. 3501. Authorization of the Maritime Administration.
Sec. 3502. Reauthorization of Maritime Security Program.
Sec. 3503. Maritime technical assistance program.
Sec. 3504. Appointment of candidates attending sponsored preparatory 
          school.
Sec. 3505. General support program.
Sec. 3506. Improvements to the maritime guaranteed loan program.
Sec. 3507. Requirement for small shipyard grantees.
Sec. 3508. Salvage recoveries of cargoes.
Sec. 3509. Salvage recoveries for subrogated ownership of vessels and 
          cargoes.
Sec. 3510. Maritime Occupational Safety and Health Advisory Committee.
Sec. 3511. Military to mariner.
Sec. 3512. Department of Transportation Inspector General Report.
Sec. 3513. Independent study on the United States Merchant Marine 
          Academy.
Sec. 3514. Port operations, research, and technology.
Sec. 3515. Assessment and report on strategic seaports.
Sec. 3516. Technical corrections.
Sec. 3517. United States Merchant Marine Academy sexual assault 
          prevention and response program.
Sec. 3518. Report on vessels for emerging offshore energy 
          infrastructure.
Sec. 3519. Report on United States flagged fuel tanker vessel capacity.

                    Subtitle B--Cable Security Fleet

Sec. 3521. Establishment of Cable Security Fleet.

                      Subtitle C--Maritime SAFE Act

Sec. 3531. Short titles.
Sec. 3532. Definitions.
Sec. 3533. Purposes.
Sec. 3534. Statement of policy.

  Part I--Programs to Combat IUU Fishing and Increase Maritime Security

Sec. 3541. Coordination with international organizations.
Sec. 3542. Engagement of diplomatic missions of the United States.
Sec. 3543. Assistance by Federal agencies to improve law enforcement 
          within priority regions and priority flag states.
Sec. 3544. Expansion of existing mechanisms to combat IUU fishing.
Sec. 3545. Improvement of transparency and traceability programs.
Sec. 3546. Technology programs.
Sec. 3547. Savings clause.

   Part II--Establishment of Interagency Working Group on IUU Fishing

Sec. 3551. Interagency Working Group on IUU Fishing.
Sec. 3552. Strategic plan.
Sec. 3553. Reports.
Sec. 3554. Gulf of Mexico IUU Fishing Subworking Group.

 Part III--Combating Human Trafficking in Connection With the Catching 
                   and Processing of Seafood Products

Sec. 3561. Finding.
Sec. 3562. Adding the Secretary of Commerce to the Interagency Task 
          Force to Monitor and Combat Trafficking.
Sec. 3563. Human trafficking in the seafood supply chain report.

                Part IV--Authorization of Appropriations

Sec. 3571. Authorization of appropriations.
Sec. 3572. Accounting of funds.

                       DIVISION D--FUNDING TABLES

Sec. 4001. Authorization of amounts in funding tables.

                         TITLE XLI--PROCUREMENT

Sec. 4101. Procurement.
Sec. 4102. Procurement for overseas contingency operations.
Sec. 4103. Procurement for emergency requirements.

         TITLE XLII--RESEARCH, DEVELOPMENT, TEST, AND EVALUATION

Sec. 4201. Research, development, test, and evaluation.
Sec. 4202. Research, development, test, and evaluation for overseas 
          contingency operations.
Sec. 4203. Research, development, test, and evaluation for emergency 
          requirements.

                 TITLE XLIII--OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE

Sec. 4301. Operation and maintenance.
Sec. 4302. Operation and maintenance for overseas contingency 
          operations.
Sec. 4303. Operation and maintenance for emergency requirements.

                     TITLE XLIV--MILITARY PERSONNEL

Sec. 4401. Military personnel.
Sec. 4402. Military personnel for overseas contingency operations.

                     TITLE XLV--OTHER AUTHORIZATIONS

Sec. 4501. Other authorizations.
Sec. 4502. Other authorizations for overseas contingency operations.

                    TITLE XLVI--MILITARY CONSTRUCTION

Sec. 4601. Military construction.
Sec. 4602. Military construction for overseas contingency operations.
Sec. 4603. Military construction for emergency requirements.

      TITLE XLVII--DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY NATIONAL SECURITY PROGRAMS

Sec. 4701. Department of Energy national security programs.

DIVISION E--INTELLIGENCE AUTHORIZATIONS FOR FISCAL YEARS 2018, 2019, AND 
                                  2020

Sec. 5001. Short title.
Sec. 5002. Subdivisions and table of contents.
Sec. 5003. Definitions.

     Subdivision 1--Intelligence Authorizations for Fiscal Year 2020

Sec. 5100. Table of contents.

                    TITLE LI--INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES

Sec. 5101. Authorization of appropriations.
Sec. 5102. Classified schedule of authorizations.
Sec. 5103. Intelligence community management account.

 TITLE LII--CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE AGENCY RETIREMENT AND DISABILITY SYSTEM

Sec. 5201. Authorization of appropriations.

               TITLE LIII--INTELLIGENCE COMMUNITY MATTERS

           Subtitle A--General Intelligence Community Matters

Sec. 5301. Restriction on conduct of intelligence activities.
Sec. 5302. Increase in employee compensation and benefits authorized by 
          law.
Sec. 5303. Expansion of scope of protections for identities of covert 
          agents.
Sec. 5304. Required counterintelligence assessments, briefings, 
          notifications, and reports.
Sec. 5305. Inclusion of security risks in program management plans 
          required for acquisition of major systems in National 
          Intelligence Program.
Sec. 5306. Intelligence community public-private talent exchange.
Sec. 5307. Assessment of contracting practices to identify certain 
          security and counterintelligence concerns.

       Subtitle B--Office of the Director of National Intelligence

Sec. 5321. Establishment of Climate Security Advisory Council.
Sec. 5322. Foreign Malign Influence Response Center.
Sec. 5323. Encouragement of cooperative actions to detect and counter 
          foreign influence operations.
Sec. 5324. Transfer of National Intelligence University to the Office of 
          the Director of National Intelligence.

       Subtitle C--Inspector General of the Intelligence Community

Sec. 5331. Definitions.
Sec. 5332. Inspector General external review panel.
Sec. 5333. Harmonization of whistleblower processes and procedures.
Sec. 5334. Oversight by Inspector General of the Intelligence Community 
          over intelligence community whistleblower matters.
Sec. 5335. Report on cleared whistleblower attorneys.

                 Subtitle D--Central Intelligence Agency

Sec. 5341. Clarification of certain authority of the Central 
          Intelligence Agency.

                     TITLE LIV--SECURITY CLEARANCES

Sec. 5401. Improving visibility into the security clearance process.
Sec. 5402. Making certain policies and execution plans relating to 
          personnel clearances available to industry partners.

             TITLE LV--MATTERS RELATING TO FOREIGN COUNTRIES

                 Subtitle A--Matters Relating to Russia

Sec. 5501. Annual reports on influence operations and campaigns in the 
          United States by the Russian Federation.
Sec. 5502. Assessment of legitimate and illegitimate financial and other 
          assets of Vladimir Putin.
Sec. 5503. Assessments of intentions of political leadership of the 
          Russian Federation.

                  Subtitle B--Matters Relating to China

Sec. 5511. Annual reports on influence operations and campaigns in the 
          United States by the Communist Party of China.
Sec. 5512. Report on repression of ethnic Muslim minorities in the 
          Xinjiang region of the People's Republic of China.
Sec. 5513. Report on efforts by People's Republic of China to influence 
          election in Taiwan.

             Subtitle C--Matters Relating to Other Countries

Sec. 5521. Sense of Congress and report on Iranian efforts in Syria and 
          Lebanon.
Sec. 5522. Assessments regarding the Northern Triangle and Mexico.

          TITLE LVI--FEDERAL EFFORTS AGAINST DOMESTIC TERRORISM

Sec. 5601. Definitions.
Sec. 5602. Strategic intelligence assessment of and reports on domestic 
          terrorism.

                  TITLE LVII--REPORTS AND OTHER MATTERS

                    Subtitle A--Reports and Briefings

Sec. 5701.  Modification of requirements for submission to Congress of 
          certain reports.
Sec. 5702. Increased transparency regarding counterterrorism budget of 
          the United States.
Sec. 5703. Study on role of retired and former personnel of intelligence 
          community with respect to certain foreign intelligence 
          operations.
Sec. 5704. Collection, analysis, and dissemination of workforce data.
Sec. 5705. Plan for strengthening the supply chain intelligence 
          function.
Sec. 5706. Comprehensive economic assessment of investment in key United 
          States technologies by companies or organizations linked to 
          China.
Sec. 5707. Report by Director of National Intelligence on fifth-
          generation wireless network technology.
Sec. 5708. Report on use by intelligence community of facial recognition 
          technology.
Sec. 5709. Report on deepfake technology, foreign weaponization of 
          deepfakes, and related notifications.
Sec. 5710. Annual report by Comptroller General of the United States on 
          cybersecurity and surveillance threats to Congress.
Sec. 5711. Analysis of and periodic briefings on major initiatives of 
          intelligence community in artificial intelligence and machine 
          learning.
Sec. 5712. Report on best practices to protect privacy and civil 
          liberties of Chinese Americans.
Sec. 5713. Oversight of foreign influence in academia.
Sec. 5714. Report on death of Jamal Khashoggi.
Sec. 5715. Report on terrorist screening database.
Sec. 5716. Report containing threat assessment on terrorist use of 
          conventional and advanced conventional weapons.
Sec. 5717. Assessment of homeland security vulnerabilities associated 
          with certain retired and former personnel of the intelligence 
          community.
Sec. 5718. Study on feasibility and advisability of establishing 
          Geospatial-Intelligence Museum and learning center.

                        Subtitle B--Other Matters

Sec. 5721. Whistleblower disclosures to Congress and committees of 
          Congress.
Sec. 5722. Task force on illicit financing of espionage and foreign 
          influence operations.
Sec. 5723. Establishment of fifth-generation technology prize 
          competition.
Sec. 5724. Establishment of deepfakes prize competition.
Sec. 5725. Identification of and countermeasures against certain 
          International Mobile Subscriber Identity-catchers.
Sec. 5726. Securing energy infrastructure.

  Subdivision 2--Intelligence Authorizations for Fiscal Years 2018 and 
                                  2019

Sec. 6100. Table of contents.

                   TITLE LXI--INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES

Sec. 6101. Authorization of appropriations.
Sec. 6102. Intelligence Community Management Account.

TITLE LXII--CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE AGENCY RETIREMENT AND DISABILITY SYSTEM

Sec. 6201. Authorization of appropriations.
Sec. 6202. Computation of annuities for employees of the Central 
          Intelligence Agency.

           TITLE LXIII--GENERAL INTELLIGENCE COMMUNITY MATTERS

Sec. 6301. Restriction on conduct of intelligence activities.
Sec. 6302. Increase in employee compensation and benefits authorized by 
          law.
Sec. 6303. Modification of special pay authority for science, 
          technology, engineering, or mathematics positions and addition 
          of special pay authority for cyber positions.
Sec. 6304. Modification of appointment of Chief Information Officer of 
          the Intelligence Community.
Sec. 6305. Director of National Intelligence review of placement of 
          positions within the intelligence community on the Executive 
          Schedule.
Sec. 6306. Supply Chain and Counterintelligence Risk Management Task 
          Force.
Sec. 6307. Consideration of adversarial telecommunications and 
          cybersecurity infrastructure when sharing intelligence with 
          foreign governments and entities.
Sec. 6308. Cyber protection support for the personnel of the 
          intelligence community in positions highly vulnerable to cyber 
          attack.
Sec. 6309. Elimination of sunset of authority relating to management of 
          supply-chain risk.
Sec. 6310. Limitations on determinations regarding certain security 
          classifications.
Sec. 6311. Joint Intelligence Community Council.
Sec. 6312. Intelligence community information technology environment.
Sec. 6313. Report on development of secure mobile voice solution for 
          intelligence community.
Sec. 6314. Policy on minimum insider threat standards.
Sec. 6315. Submission of intelligence community policies.
Sec. 6316. Expansion of intelligence community recruitment efforts.

 TITLE LXIV--MATTERS RELATING TO ELEMENTS OF THE INTELLIGENCE COMMUNITY

       Subtitle A--Office of the Director of National Intelligence

Sec. 6401. Authority for protection of current and former employees of 
          the Office of the Director of National Intelligence.
Sec. 6402. Designation of the program manager-information-sharing 
          environment.
Sec. 6403. Technical modification to the executive schedule.
Sec. 6404. Chief Financial Officer of the Intelligence Community.
Sec. 6405. Chief Information Officer of the Intelligence Community.

                 Subtitle B--Central Intelligence Agency

Sec. 6411. Central Intelligence Agency subsistence for personnel 
          assigned to austere locations.
Sec. 6412. Special rules for certain monthly workers' compensation 
          payments and other payments for Central Intelligence Agency 
          personnel.
Sec. 6413. Expansion of security protective service jurisdiction of the 
          Central Intelligence Agency.
Sec. 6414. Repeal of foreign language proficiency requirement for 
          certain senior level positions in the Central Intelligence 
          Agency.

Subtitle C--Office of Intelligence and Counterintelligence of Department 
                                of Energy

Sec. 6421. Consolidation of Department of Energy Offices of Intelligence 
          and Counterintelligence.
Sec. 6422. Repeal of Department of Energy Intelligence Executive 
          Committee and budget reporting requirement.

                       Subtitle D--Other Elements

Sec. 6431. Plan for designation of counterintelligence component of 
          Defense Security Service as an element of intelligence 
          community.
Sec. 6432. Notice not required for private entities.
Sec. 6433. Establishment of advisory board for National Reconnaissance 
          Office.
Sec. 6434. Collocation of certain Department of Homeland Security 
          personnel at field locations.

                       TITLE LXV--ELECTION MATTERS

Sec. 6501. Report on cyber attacks by foreign governments against United 
          States election infrastructure.
Sec. 6502. Review of intelligence community's posture to collect against 
          and analyze Russian efforts to influence the Presidential 
          election.
Sec. 6503. Assessment of foreign intelligence threats to Federal 
          elections.
Sec. 6504. Strategy for countering Russian cyber threats to United 
          States elections.
Sec. 6505. Assessment of significant Russian influence campaigns 
          directed at foreign elections and referenda.
Sec. 6506. Information sharing with State election officials.
Sec. 6507. Notification of significant foreign cyber intrusions and 
          active measures campaigns directed at elections for Federal 
          offices.
Sec. 6508. Designation of counterintelligence officer to lead election 
          security matters.

                     TITLE LXVI--SECURITY CLEARANCES

Sec. 6601. Definitions.
Sec. 6602. Reports and plans relating to security clearances and 
          background investigations.
Sec. 6603. Improving the process for security clearances.
Sec. 6604. Goals for promptness of determinations regarding security 
          clearances.
Sec. 6605. Security Executive Agent.
Sec. 6606. Report on unified, simplified, Governmentwide standards for 
          positions of trust and security clearances.
Sec. 6607. Report on clearance in person concept.
Sec. 6608. Reports on reciprocity for security clearances inside of 
          departments and agencies.
Sec. 6609. Intelligence community reports on security clearances.
Sec. 6610. Periodic report on positions in the intelligence community 
          that can be conducted without access to classified 
          information, networks, or facilities.
Sec. 6611. Information-sharing program for positions of trust and 
          security clearances.
Sec. 6612. Report on protections for confidentiality of whistleblower-
          related communications.
Sec. 6613. Reports on costs of security clearance background 
          investigations.

                 TITLE LXVII--REPORTS AND OTHER MATTERS

     Subtitle A--Matters Relating to Russia and Other Foreign Powers

Sec. 6701. Limitation relating to establishment or support of 
          cybersecurity unit with the Russian Federation.
Sec. 6702. Assessment of threat finance relating to Russia.
Sec. 6703. Notification of an active measures campaign.
Sec. 6704. Notification of travel by accredited diplomatic and consular 
          personnel of the Russian Federation in the United States.
Sec. 6705. Report and annual briefing on Iranian expenditures supporting 
          foreign military and terrorist activities.
Sec. 6706. Expansion of scope of committee to counter active measures.

                           Subtitle B--Reports

Sec. 6711. Technical correction to Inspector General study.
Sec. 6712. Reports on authorities of the Chief Intelligence Officer of 
          the Department of Homeland Security.
Sec. 6713. Review of intelligence community whistleblower matters.
Sec. 6714. Report on role of Director of National Intelligence with 
          respect to certain foreign investments.
Sec. 6715. Report on surveillance by foreign governments against United 
          States telecommunications networks.
Sec. 6716. Biennial report on foreign investment risks.
Sec. 6717. Modification of certain reporting requirement on travel of 
          foreign diplomats.
Sec. 6718. Semiannual reports on investigations of unauthorized 
          disclosures of classified information.
Sec. 6719. Congressional notification of designation of covered 
          intelligence officer as persona non grata.
Sec. 6720. Reports on intelligence community participation in 
          vulnerabilities equities process of Federal Government.
Sec. 6721. Inspectors General reports on classification.
Sec. 6722. Reports and briefings on national security effects of global 
          water insecurity and emerging infectious disease and 
          pandemics.
Sec. 6723. Annual report on memoranda of understanding between elements 
          of intelligence community and other entities of the United 
          States Government regarding significant operational activities 
          or policy.
Sec. 6724. Study on the feasibility of encrypting unclassified wireline 
          and wireless telephone calls.
Sec. 6725. Reports on intelligence community loan repayment and related 
          programs.
Sec. 6726. Repeal of certain reporting requirements.
Sec. 6727. Inspector General of the Intelligence Community report on 
          senior executives of the Office of the Director of National 
          Intelligence.
Sec. 6728. Briefing on Federal Bureau of Investigation offering 
          permanent residence to sources and cooperators.
Sec. 6729. Intelligence assessment of North Korea revenue sources.
Sec. 6730. Report on possible exploitation of virtual currencies by 
          terrorist actors.

                        Subtitle C--Other Matters

Sec. 6741. Public Interest Declassification Board.
Sec. 6742. Technical and clerical amendments to the National Security 
          Act of 1947.
Sec. 6743. Bug bounty programs.
Sec. 6744. Technical amendments related to the Department of Energy.
Sec. 6745. Sense of Congress on notification of certain disclosures of 
          classified information.
Sec. 6746. Sense of Congress on consideration of espionage activities 
          when considering whether or not to provide visas to foreign 
          individuals to be accredited to a United Nations mission in 
          the United States.
Sec. 6747. Sense of Congress on WikiLeaks.

                        DIVISION F--OTHER MATTERS

            TITLE LXXI--SANCTIONS WITH RESPECT TO NORTH KOREA

Sec. 7101. Short title.

            Subtitle A--Sanctions With Respect to North Korea

Sec. 7111. Sense of Congress.
Sec. 7112. Definitions.

           Part I--Expansion of Sanctions and Related Matters

Sec. 7121. Sanctions with respect to foreign financial institutions that 
          provide financial services to certain sanctioned persons.
Sec. 7122. Mandatory designations under North Korea Sanctions and Policy 
          Enhancement Act of 2016.
Sec. 7123. Extension of applicability period of proliferation prevention 
          sanctions.
Sec. 7124. Opposition to assistance by the international financial 
          institutions.
Sec. 7125. Support for capacity of the International Monetary Fund to 
          prevent money laundering and financing of terrorism.
Sec. 7126. Report and briefings on compliance, penalties, and technical 
          assistance.
Sec. 7127. Sense of Congress on identification and blocking of property 
          of North Korean officials.
Sec. 7128. Modification of report on implementation of United Nations 
          Security Council resolutions by other governments.
Sec. 7129. Report on use by the Government of North Korea of beneficial 
          ownership rules to access the international financial system.

               Part II--Congressional Review and Oversight

Sec. 7131. Notification of termination or suspension of sanctions.
Sec. 7132. Reports on certain licensing actions.
Sec. 7133. Report and briefings on financial networks and financial 
          methods of the Government of North Korea.
Sec. 7134. Report on countries of concern with respect to transshipment, 
          reexportation, or diversion of certain items to North Korea.

                        Part III--General Matters

Sec. 7141. Rulemaking.
Sec. 7142. Authority to consolidate reports.
Sec. 7143. Waivers, exemptions, and termination.
Sec. 7144. Procedures for review of classified and certain other 
          information.
Sec. 7145. Briefing on resourcing of sanctions programs.
Sec. 7146. Briefing on proliferation financing.
Sec. 7147. Exception relating to importation of goods.

       Subtitle B--Financial Industry Guidance to Halt Trafficking

Sec. 7151. Short title.
Sec. 7152. Sense of Congress.
Sec. 7153. Coordination of human trafficking issues by the Office of 
          Terrorism and Financial Intelligence.
Sec. 7154. Strengthening the role of anti-money laundering and other 
          financial tools in combating human trafficking.
Sec. 7155. Sense of Congress on resources to combat human trafficking.

 TITLE LXXII--SANCTIONS WITH RESPECT TO FOREIGN TRAFFICKERS OF ILLICIT 
                            SYNTHETIC OPIOIDS

Sec. 7201. Short title.
Sec. 7202. Sense of Congress.
Sec. 7203. Definitions.

    Subtitle A--Sanctions With Respect to Foreign Opioid Traffickers

Sec. 7211. Identification of foreign opioid traffickers.
Sec. 7212. Imposition of sanctions.
Sec. 7213. Description of sanctions.
Sec. 7214. Waivers.
Sec. 7215. Procedures for judicial review of classified information.
Sec. 7216. Briefings on implementation.
Sec. 7217. Inclusion of additional material in International Narcotics 
          Control Strategy Report.

    Subtitle B--Commission on Combating Synthetic Opioid Trafficking

Sec. 7221. Commission on combating synthetic opioid trafficking.

                        Subtitle C--Other Matters

Sec. 7231. Director of National Intelligence program on use of 
          intelligence resources in efforts to sanction foreign opioid 
          traffickers.
Sec. 7232. Authorization of appropriations.
Sec. 7233. Regulatory authority.
Sec. 7234. Termination.
Sec. 7235. Exception relating to importation of goods.

                           TITLE LXXIII--PFAS

Sec. 7301. Short title.
Sec. 7302. Definition of Administrator.

                       Subtitle A--Drinking Water

Sec. 7311. Monitoring and detection.
Sec. 7312. Drinking water state revolving funds.

                   Subtitle B--PFAS Release Disclosure

Sec. 7321. Additions to toxics release inventory.

                  Subtitle C--USGS Performance Standard

Sec. 7331. Definitions.
Sec. 7332. Performance standard for the detection of highly fluorinated 
          compounds.
Sec. 7333. Nationwide sampling.
Sec. 7334. Data usage.
Sec. 7335. Collaboration.

                    Subtitle D--Emerging Contaminants

Sec. 7341. Definitions.
Sec. 7342. Research and coordination plan for enhanced response on 
          emerging contaminants.

                Subtitle E--Toxic Substances Control Act

Sec. 7351. PFAS data call.
Sec. 7352. Significant new use rule for long-chain PFAS.

                        Subtitle F--Other Matters

Sec. 7361. PFAS destruction and disposal guidance.
Sec. 7362. PFAS research and development.

        TITLE LXXIV--CAESAR SYRIA CIVILIAN PROTECTION ACT OF 2019

Sec. 7401. Short title.
Sec. 7402. Statement of policy.

Subtitle A--Additional Actions in Connection With the National Emergency 
                          With Respect to Syria

Sec. 7411. Measures with respect to Central Bank of Syria.
Sec. 7412. Sanctions with respect to foreign persons that engage in 
          certain transactions.
Sec. 7413. Strategy relating to areas of Syria in which civilians are 
          subject to forced displacement.

             Subtitle B--Assistance for the People of Syria

Sec. 7421. Sense of Congress.
Sec. 7422. Briefing on monitoring and evaluating of ongoing assistance 
          programs in Syria and to the Syrian people.
Sec. 7423. Assessment of potential methods to enhance the protection of 
          civilians.
Sec. 7424. Assistance to support entities taking actions relating to 
          gathering evidence for investigations into war crimes or 
          crimes against humanity in Syria since March 2011.
Sec. 7425. Codification of certain services in support of 
          nongovernmental organizations' activities authorized.
Sec. 7426. Briefing on strategy to facilitate humanitarian assistance.

                     Subtitle C--General Provisions

Sec. 7431. Suspension of sanctions.
Sec. 7432. Waivers and exemptions.
Sec. 7433. Implementation and regulatory authorities.
Sec. 7434. Exception relating to importation of goods.
Sec. 7435. Cost limitation.
Sec. 7436. Rule of construction.
Sec. 7437. Prohibition on construction of provisions of this title as an 
          authorization for use of military force.
Sec. 7438. Sunset.

             TITLE LXXV--PROTECTING EUROPE'S ENERGY SECURITY

Sec. 7501. Short title.
Sec. 7502. Sense of Congress.
Sec. 7503. Imposition of sanctions with respect to provision of certain 
          vessels for the construction of certain Russian energy export 
          pipelines.

                       TITLE LXXVI--OTHER MATTERS

               Subtitle A--Federal Employee Paid Leave Act

Sec. 7601. Short title.
Sec. 7602. Paid parental leave under title 5.
Sec. 7603. Paid parental leave for congressional employees.
Sec. 7604. Conforming amendment to Family and Medical Leave Act for GAO 
          and Library of Congress employees.
Sec. 7605. Clarification for members of the National Guard and Reserves.
Sec. 7606. Conforming amendment for certain TSA employees.

                        Subtitle B--Other Matters

Sec. 7611. Liberian refugee immigration fairness.
Sec. 7612. Pensacola Dam and Reservoir, Grand River, Oklahoma.
Sec. 7613. Limitation on certain rolling stock procurements; 
          cybersecurity certification for rail rolling stock and 
          operations.
SEC. 3. CONGRESSIONAL DEFENSE COMMITTEES.
    In this Act, the term ``congressional defense committees'' has the 
meaning given that term in section 101(a)(16) of title 10, United 
States Code.
SEC. 4. BUDGETARY EFFECTS OF THIS ACT.
    The budgetary effects of this Act, for the purposes of complying 
with the Statutory Pay-As-You-Go Act of 2010, shall be determined by 
reference to the latest statement titled ``Budgetary Effects of PAYGO 
Legislation'' for this Act, jointly submitted for printing in the 
Congressional Record by the Chairmen of the House and Senate Budget 
Committees, provided that such statement has been submitted prior to 
the vote on passage in the House acting first on the conference report 
or amendment between the Houses.

            DIVISION A--DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE AUTHORIZATIONS
                          TITLE I--PROCUREMENT

               Subtitle A--Authorization Of Appropriations

Sec. 101. Authorization of appropriations.

                        Subtitle B--Army Programs

Sec. 111. Authority of the Secretary of the Army to waive certain 
          limitations related to the Distributed Common Ground System-
          Army Increment 1.

                        Subtitle C--Navy Programs

Sec. 121. Ford-class aircraft carrier cost limitation baselines.
Sec. 122. Modification of annual report on cost targets for certain 
          aircraft carriers.
Sec. 123. Refueling and complex overhauls of the U.S.S. John C. Stennis 
          and U.S.S. Harry S. Truman.
Sec. 124. Ford class aircraft carrier support for F-35C aircraft.
Sec. 125. Prohibition on use of funds for reduction of aircraft carrier 
          force structure.
Sec. 126. Modification of prohibition on availability of funds for Navy 
          waterborne security barriers.
Sec. 127. LHA Replacement Amphibious Assault Ship Program.
Sec. 128. Strategic sealift fleet vessel.
Sec. 129. Design and construction of amphibious transport dock 
          designated LPD-31.
Sec. 130. Limitation on availability of funds for the Littoral Combat 
          Ship.
Sec. 131. Limitation on the next new class of Navy large surface 
          combatants.
Sec. 132. Limitation on availability of funds pending quarterly updates 
          on the CH-53K King Stallion helicopter program.
Sec. 133. Limitation on availability of funds for VH-92A helicopter.
Sec. 134. Report on carrier wing and aviation combat element 
          composition.

                     Subtitle D--Air Force Programs

Sec. 141. Modification of requirement to preserve certain C-5 aircraft.
Sec. 142. OC-135B aircraft recapitalization program.
Sec. 143. Requirement to align Air Force aviation force structure with 
          National Defense Strategy.
Sec. 144. Prohibition on availability of funds for reduction in KC-10 
          primary mission aircraft inventory.
Sec. 145. Limitation on availability of funds for F-15EX aircraft.
Sec. 146. Limitation on availability of funds for VC-25B aircraft.
Sec. 147. Limitation on availability of funds for RC-26B aircraft.
Sec. 148. Limitation on availability of funds for retirement of RC-135 
          aircraft.
Sec. 149. Air Force aggressor squadron modernization.
Sec. 150. Air Force plan for Combat Rescue Helicopter fielding.
Sec. 151. Report on feasibility of multiyear contract for procurement of 
          JASSM-ER missiles.
Sec. 152. Report on aircraft fleet of the Civil Air Patrol.
Sec. 153. Sense of Congress on the light attack aircraft initiative of 
          the Air Force.

        Subtitle E--Defense-wide, Joint, and Multiservice Matters

Sec. 161. Economic order quantity contracting and buy-to-budget 
          acquisition for F-35 aircraft program.
Sec. 162. Relief from contractors for failure to deliver ready-for-issue 
          spare parts for the F-35 aircraft program.
Sec. 163. Limitation on availability of funds for reallocation of 
          Turkish F-35A aircraft to the United States.
Sec. 164. Requirement to establish the use of an Agile DevOps software 
          development solution as an alternative for Joint Strike 
          Fighter Autonomic Logistics Information System.
Sec. 165. F-35 sustainment cost.
Sec. 166. Reports on the progress and performance of the F-35 aircraft 
          program.
Sec. 167. Other reports on the F-35 aircraft program.
Sec. 168. Limitation on availability of funds for communications systems 
          lacking certain resiliency features.
Sec. 169. Repeal of tactical unmanned vehicle common data link 
          requirement.

              Subtitle A--Authorization Of Appropriations

    SEC. 101. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.
    Funds are hereby authorized to be appropriated for fiscal year 2020 
for procurement for the Army, the Navy and the Marine Corps, the Air 
Force, and Defense-wide activities, as specified in the funding table 
in section 4101.

                       Subtitle B--Army Programs

    SEC. 111. AUTHORITY OF THE SECRETARY OF THE ARMY TO WAIVE CERTAIN 
      LIMITATIONS RELATED TO THE DISTRIBUTED COMMON GROUND SYSTEM-ARMY 
      INCREMENT 1.
    Section 113(d) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328; 130 Stat. 2028) is amended by striking 
``Secretary of Defense'' both places it appears and inserting 
``Secretary of the Army''.

                       Subtitle C--Navy Programs

    SEC. 121. FORD-CLASS AIRCRAFT CARRIER COST LIMITATION BASELINES.
    (a) In General.--Chapter 863 of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended by adding at the end the following new section:
``Sec. 8692. Ford-class aircraft carriers: cost limitation baselines
    ``(a) Limitation.--The total amounts obligated or expended from 
funds authorized to be appropriated or otherwise made available for 
Shipbuilding and Conversion, Navy, or for any other procurement 
account, may not exceed the following amounts for the following 
aircraft carriers:
        ``(1) $13,224,000,000 for the construction of the aircraft 
    carrier designated CVN-78.
        ``(2) $11,398,000,000 for the construction of the aircraft 
    carrier designated CVN-79.
        ``(3) $12,202,000,000 for the construction of the aircraft 
    carrier designated CVN-80.
        ``(4) $12,451,000,000 for the construction of the aircraft 
    carrier designated CVN-81.
    ``(b) Exclusion of Battle and Interim Spares From Cost 
Limitation.--The Secretary of the Navy shall exclude from the 
determination of the amounts set forth in subsection (a) the costs of 
the following items:
        ``(1) CVN-78 class battle spares.
        ``(2) Interim spares.
        ``(3) Increases attributable to economic inflation after 
    December 1, 2018, not otherwise included in the amounts listed in 
    subsection (a).
    ``(c) Written Notice and Briefing on Change in Amount.--The 
Secretary of the Navy may adjust an amount listed in subsection (a) not 
fewer than 15 days after submitting written notice and providing a 
briefing to the congressional defense committees, each of which shall 
include the amount and rationale of any change and the resulting amount 
after such change.''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning of 
chapter 863 of such title is amended by inserting after the item 
relating to section 8691 the following new item:

``8692. Ford-class aircraft carriers: cost limitation baselines.''.

    (c) Repeal of Superseded Provision.--Section 122 of the John Warner 
National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2007 (Public Law 
109-364; 120 Stat. 2104) is repealed.
    SEC. 122. MODIFICATION OF ANNUAL REPORT ON COST TARGETS FOR CERTAIN 
      AIRCRAFT CARRIERS.
    Section 126(c) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328; 130 Stat. 2035) is amended--
        (1) in the subsection heading, by striking ``and CVN-80'' and 
    inserting ``, CVN-80, and CVN-81'';
        (2) in paragraph (1)--
            (A) by striking ``2021'' and inserting ``2032''; and
            (B) by striking ``costs described in subsection (b) for the 
        CVN-79 and CVN-80'' and inserting ``cost targets for the CVN-
        79, the CVN-80, and the CVN-81''; and
        (3) in paragraph (2)--
            (A) in the matter preceding subparagraph (A), by striking 
        `` and the CVN-80'' and inserting ``, the CVN-80, and the CVN-
        81''
            (B) in subparagraph (A), by striking ``costs described in 
        subsection (b)'' and inserting ``cost targets'';
            (C) in subparagraph (F), by striking ``costs specified in 
        subsection (b)'' and inserting ``cost targets''; and
            (D) in subparagraph (G), by striking ``costs specified in 
        subsection (b)'' and inserting ``cost targets''.
    SEC. 123. REFUELING AND COMPLEX OVERHAULS OF THE U.S.S. JOHN C. 
      STENNIS AND U.S.S. HARRY S. TRUMAN.
    (a) Refueling and Complex Overhaul.--The Secretary of the Navy 
shall carry out the nuclear refueling and complex overhaul of the 
U.S.S. John C. Stennis (CVN-74) and U.S.S. Harry S. Truman (CVN-75).
    (b) Use of Incremental Funding.--With respect to any contract 
entered into under subsection (a) for the nuclear refueling and complex 
overhauls of the U.S.S. John C. Stennis (CVN-74) and U.S.S. Harry S. 
Truman (CVN-75), the Secretary may use incremental funding for a period 
not to exceed six years after advance procurement funds for such 
nuclear refueling and complex overhaul effort are first obligated.
    (c) Condition for Out-year Contract Payments.--Any contract entered 
into under subsection (a) shall provide that any obligation of the 
United States to make a payment under the contract for a fiscal year 
after fiscal year 2020 is subject to the availability of appropriations 
for that purpose for that later fiscal year.
    SEC. 124. FORD CLASS AIRCRAFT CARRIER SUPPORT FOR F-35C AIRCRAFT.
    Before completing the post-shakedown availability of the Ford class 
aircraft carrier designated CVN-79, the Secretary of the Navy shall 
ensure that the aircraft carrier is capable of operating and deploying 
with the F-35C aircraft.
    SEC. 125. PROHIBITION ON USE OF FUNDS FOR REDUCTION OF AIRCRAFT 
      CARRIER FORCE STRUCTURE.
    None of the funds authorized to be appropriated by this Act or 
otherwise made available for fiscal year 2020 for the Department of 
Defense may be obligated or expended to reduce the number of 
operational aircraft carriers of the Navy below the number specified in 
section 8062(b) of title 10, United States Code.
    SEC. 126. MODIFICATION OF PROHIBITION ON AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS FOR 
      NAVY WATERBORNE SECURITY BARRIERS.
    Section 130 of the John S. McCain National Defense Authorization 
Act for Fiscal Year 2019 (Public Law 115-232) is amended--
        (1) in subsection (a) by striking ``for fiscal year 2019 may be 
    obligated or expended to procure legacy waterborne security 
    barriers for Navy ports'' and inserting ``for fiscal year 2019 or 
    fiscal year 2020 may be obligated or expended to procure legacy 
    waterborne security barriers for Navy ports, including as 
    replacements for legacy barriers'';
        (2) in subsection (c)(1), by inserting ``of not more than 30 
    percent'' after ``replacement''; and
        (3) by adding at the end the following new subsection:
    ``(d) Notification.--Not later than 15 days after an exception is 
made pursuant to subsection (c)(2), the Secretary of the Navy shall 
submit a written notification to the congressional defense committees 
that includes--
        ``(1) the name and position of the government official who 
    determined exigent circumstances exist;
        ``(2) a description of the exigent circumstances; and
        ``(3) a description of how waterborne security will be 
    maintained until new waterborne security barriers are procured and 
    installed.''.
    SEC. 127. LHA REPLACEMENT AMPHIBIOUS ASSAULT SHIP PROGRAM.
    (a) Authority to Use Incremental Funding.--The Secretary of the 
Navy may enter into and incrementally fund a contract for detail design 
and construction of the LHA replacement ship designated LHA 9 and, 
subject to subsection (b), funds for payments under the contract may be 
provided from amounts authorized to be appropriated for the Department 
of Defense for Shipbuilding and Conversion, Navy, for fiscal years 2019 
through 2025.
    (b) Condition for Out-year Contract Payments.--A contract entered 
into under subsection (a) shall provide that any obligation of the 
United States to make a payment under the contract for any subsequent 
fiscal year is subject to the availability of appropriations for that 
purpose for such subsequent fiscal year.
    (c) Repeal of Obsolete Authority.--Section 125 of the John Warner 
National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2007 (Public Law 
109-364; 120 Stat. 2106) is repealed.
    SEC. 128. STRATEGIC SEALIFT FLEET VESSEL.
    (a) In General.--Subject to the availability of appropriations, the 
Secretary of the Navy shall seek to enter into a contract for the 
construction of one sealift vessel.
    (b) Delivery Date.--The contract entered into under subsection (a) 
shall specify a delivery date for the sealift vessel of not later than 
September 30, 2026.
    (c) Design and Construction Requirements.--
        (1) Use of existing design.--The design of the sealift vessel 
    shall be based on a domestic or foreign design that exists as of 
    the date of the enactment of this Act.
        (2) Commercial standards and practices.--Subject to paragraph 
    (1), the sealift vessel may be constructed using commercial design 
    standards and commercial construction practices that are consistent 
    with the best interests of the Federal Government.
        (3) Domestic shipyard.--The sealift vessel shall be constructed 
    in a shipyard that is located in the United States.
    (d) Certificate and Endorsement.--The sealift vessel shall meet the 
requirements necessary to receive a certificate of documentation and a 
coastwise endorsement under chapter 121 of tile 46, United States Code, 
and the Secretary of the Navy shall ensure that the completed vessel 
receives such a certificate and endorsement.
    (e) Executive Agent.--
        (1) In general.--The Secretary of the Navy may seek to enter 
    into a contract or other agreement with a private-sector entity 
    under which the entity may act as executive agent for the Secretary 
    for purposes of the contract under subsection (a).
        (2) Responsibilities.--The executive agent described in 
    paragraph (1) may be responsible for--
            (A) selecting a shipyard for the construction of the 
        sealift vessel;
            (B) managing and overseeing the construction of the sealift 
        vessel; and
            (C) such other matters as the Secretary of the Navy 
        determines to be appropriate
    (f) Use of Incremental Funding.--With respect to the contract 
entered into under subsection (a), the Secretary of the Navy may use 
incremental funding to make payments under the contract.
    (g) Sealift Vessel Defined.--In this section, the term ``sealift 
vessel'' means the sealift vessel constructed pursuant to the contract 
entered into under subsection (a).
    SEC. 129. DESIGN AND CONSTRUCTION OF AMPHIBIOUS TRANSPORT DOCK 
      DESIGNATED LPD-31.
    (a) In General.--Using funds authorized to be appropriated for the 
Department of Defense for Shipbuilding and Conversion, Navy, the 
Secretary of the Navy may enter into a contract, beginning with the 
fiscal year 2020 program year, for the design and construction of the 
amphibious transport dock designated LPD-31.
    (b) Use of Incremental Funding.--With respect to the contract 
entered into under subsection (a), the Secretary may use incremental 
funding to make payments under the contract.
    (c) Condition for Out-year Contract Payments.--The contract entered 
into under subsection (a) shall provide that any obligation of the 
United States to make a payment under such contract for any fiscal year 
after fiscal year 2020 is subject to the availability of appropriations 
for that purpose for such later fiscal year.
    SEC. 130. LIMITATION ON AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS FOR THE LITTORAL 
      COMBAT SHIP.
    (a) Limitations.--None of the funds authorized to be appropriated 
by this Act for fiscal year 2020 for the Department of Defense may be 
used to exceed, and the Department may not otherwise exceed, the total 
procurement quantity of thirty-five Littoral Combat Ships, unless the 
Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment submits to 
the congressional defense committees the certification described in 
subsection (b).
    (b) Certification.--The certification described in this subsection 
is a certification by the Under Secretary that awarding a contract for 
the procurement of a Littoral Combat Ship that exceeds the total 
procurement quantity listed in revision five of the Littoral Combat 
Ship acquisition strategy--
        (1) is in the national security interests of the United States;
        (2) will not result in exceeding the low-rate initial 
    production quantity approved in the Littoral Combat Ship 
    acquisition strategy in effect as of the date of the certification; 
    and
        (3) is necessary to maintain a full and open competition for 
    the Guided Missile Frigate (FFG(X)) with a single source award in 
    fiscal year 2020.
    SEC. 131. LIMITATION ON THE NEXT NEW CLASS OF NAVY LARGE SURFACE 
      COMBATANTS.
    (a) In General.--Milestone B approval may not be granted for the 
next new class of Navy large surface combatants unless the class of 
Navy large surface combatants incorporates prior to such approval--
        (1) design changes identified during the full duration of the 
    combat system ship qualification trials and operational test 
    periods of the first Arleigh Burke-class destroyer in the Flight 
    III configuration to complete such events; and
        (2) final results of test programs of engineering development 
    models or prototypes for critical systems specified by the Senior 
    Technical Authority pursuant to section 8669b of title 10, United 
    States Code, as added by section 1034 of this Act, in their final 
    form, fit, and function and in a realistic environment, which shall 
    include a land-based engineering site for the propulsion system.
    (b) Limitation.--The Secretary of the Navy may not release a detail 
design or construction request for proposals or obligate funds from the 
Shipbuilding and Conversion, Navy account for the next new class of 
Navy large surface combatants until the class of Navy large surface 
combatants receives Milestone B approval and the milestone decision 
authority notifies the congressional defense committees, in writing, of 
the actions taken to comply with the requirements under subsection (a).
    (c) Definitions.--In this section:
        (1) The term ``Milestone B approval'' has the meaning given the 
    term in section 2366(e)(7) of title 10, United States Code.
        (2) The term ``milestone decision authority'' means the 
    official within the Department of Defense designated with the 
    overall responsibility and authority for acquisition decisions for 
    the program, including authority to approve entry of the program 
    into the next phase of the acquisition process.
        (3) The term ``large surface combatants'' means Navy surface 
    ships that are designed primarily to engage in attacks against 
    airborne, surface, subsurface, and shore targets, excluding 
    frigates and littoral combat ships.
    SEC. 132. LIMITATION ON AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS PENDING QUARTERLY 
      UPDATES ON THE CH-53K KING STALLION HELICOPTER PROGRAM.
    (a) Limitation.--Of the funds authorized to be appropriated by this 
Act or otherwise made available for fiscal year 2020 for aircraft 
procurement, Navy, for the CH-53K King Stallion helicopter program, not 
more than 50 percent may be obligated or expended until a period of 30 
days has elapsed following the date on which the Secretary of the Navy 
provides the first briefing required under subsection (b).
    (b) Quarterly Briefings Required.--
        (1) In general.--Beginning not later than 30 days after the 
    date of the enactment of this Act, and on a quarterly basis 
    thereafter through the end of fiscal year 2022, the Secretary of 
    the Navy shall provide to the Committees on Armed Services of the 
    Senate and the House of Representatives a briefing on the progress 
    of the CH-53K King Stallion helicopter program.
        (2) Elements.--Each briefing under paragraph (1) shall include, 
    with respect to the CH-53K King Stallion helicopter program, the 
    following:
            (A) An overview of the program schedule.
            (B) A statement of the total cost of the program as of the 
        date of the briefing, including the costs of development, 
        testing, and production.
            (C) A comparison of the total cost of the program relative 
        to the approved acquisition program baseline.
            (D) An assessment of flight testing under the program, 
        including identification of the number of test events that have 
        been conducted on-time in accordance with the joint integrated 
        program schedule.
            (E) An update on the correction of technical deficiencies 
        under the program, including--
                (i) identification of the technical deficiencies that 
            have been corrected as of the date of the briefing;
                (ii) identification of the technical deficiencies that 
            have been discovered, but not corrected, as of such date;
                (iii) an estimate of the total cost of correcting 
            technical deficiencies under the program; and
                (iv) an explanation of any significant deviations from 
            the testing and program schedule that are anticipated due 
            to the discovery and correction of technical deficiencies.
    SEC. 133. LIMITATION ON AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS FOR VH-92A 
      HELICOPTER.
    (a) Limitation.--Of the funds authorized to be appropriated by this 
Act or otherwise made available for fiscal year 2020 for procurement 
for the VH-92A helicopter, not more than 80 percent may be obligated or 
expended until the date on which the Secretary of Navy submits to the 
Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of 
Representatives the report required under subsection (b).
    (b) Report Required.--The Secretary of the Navy shall submit to the 
Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of 
Representatives a report assessing the status of the VH-92A helicopter 
program industrial base and the potential impact of proposed 
manufacturing base changes on the acquisition program. The report shall 
include a description of--
        (1) estimated effects on the manufacturing readiness level of 
    the VH-92 program due to potential changes to the program 
    manufacturing base;
        (2) the estimated costs and assessment of cost risk to the 
    program due to potential changes to the program manufacturing base;
        (3) any estimated schedule impacts, including impacts on 
    delivery dates for the remaining low-rate initial production lots 
    and full rate production, resulting from any changes to the 
    manufacturing base;
        (4) an assessment of the effect of changes to the manufacturing 
    base on VH-92A sustainment; and
        (5) the impact of such changes on production and sustainment 
    capacity for the MH-60 and CH-53K helicopters of the Navy.
    SEC. 134. REPORT ON CARRIER WING AND AVIATION COMBAT ELEMENT 
      COMPOSITION.
    (a) In General.--Not later than May 1, 2020, the Secretary of the 
Navy shall submit to the congressional defense committees a report on 
the optimal composition of the carrier air wing (CVW) on aircraft 
carriers and aviation combat element (ACE) embarked on amphibious ships 
in 2030 and 2040, including alternative force design concepts.
    (b) Elements.--The report required under subsection (a) shall 
include the following elements for the CVW and ACE:
        (1) Analysis and justification for the Department of the Navy's 
    stated goal of a 50/50 mix of 4th and 5th generation aircraft for 
    2030.
        (2) Analysis and justification for an optimal mix of aircraft 
    for 2040.
        (3) A plan for incorporating unmanned aerial vehicles and 
    associated communication capabilities to effectively implement the 
    future force design.
        (4) Analysis of the support equipment requirement for each 
    aircraft type and the space needed to accommodate such equipment.
        (5) A description of existing and potential ship designs or 
    design changes that would enable greater commonality and 
    interoperability of embarked naval aircraft, including aircraft 
    arresting gear and launch catapults.
    (c) Briefing.--Not later than March 1, 2020, the Secretary of the 
Navy shall provide the congressional defense committees a briefing on 
the report required under subsection (a).

                     Subtitle D--Air Force Programs

    SEC. 141. MODIFICATION OF REQUIREMENT TO PRESERVE CERTAIN C-5 
      AIRCRAFT.
    Section 141(d) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 2013 (Public Law 112-239; 126 Stat. 1661) is amended--
        (1) in paragraph (1), by striking ``until the date that is 30 
    days after the date on which the briefing under section 144(b) of 
    the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2018 is 
    provided to the congressional defense committees'' and inserting 
    ``until the date that is 30 days after the date on which the final 
    report and briefing required under section 1712(c)(2) of the 
    National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2020 have each 
    been provided to the congressional defense committees''; and
        (2) in paragraph (2)(A), by striking ``can be returned to 
    service'' and inserting ``is inducted into or maintained in type 
    1000 recallable storage''.
    SEC. 142. OC-135B AIRCRAFT RECAPITALIZATION PROGRAM.
    The Secretary of the Air Force shall ensure that any request for 
proposals for the procurement of an OC-135B aircraft under a 
recapitalization program for such aircraft meets the requirements for 
full and open competition as set forth in section 2304 of title 10, 
United States Code, and includes, as part of such request for 
proposals, consideration of proposals for the provision of new 
production aircraft and recently manufactured aircraft.
    SEC. 143. REQUIREMENT TO ALIGN AIR FORCE AVIATION FORCE STRUCTURE 
      WITH NATIONAL DEFENSE STRATEGY.
    (a) Required Submission of Strategy.--Not later than March 1, 2020, 
the Secretary of the Air Force shall submit to the congressional 
defense committees an aviation force structure acquisition strategy 
that aligns with the stated capability and capacity requirements of the 
Department of the Air Force to meet the National Defense Strategy.
    (b) Alignment With Strategy.--The Secretary of the Air Force may 
not deviate from the strategy submitted under subsection (a) until--
        (1) the Secretary receives a waiver from the Secretary of 
    Defense, in consultation with the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of 
    Staff; and
        (2) the Secretary of Defense provides the congressional defense 
    committees with the waiver approval documentation.
    SEC. 144. PROHIBITION ON AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS FOR REDUCTION IN KC-
      10 PRIMARY MISSION AIRCRAFT INVENTORY.
    None of the funds authorized to be appropriated by this Act or 
otherwise made available for fiscal year 2020 for the Air Force may be 
obligated or expended to reduce the number of KC-10 aircraft in the 
primary mission aircraft inventory of the Air Force.
    SEC. 145. LIMITATION ON AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS FOR F-15EX AIRCRAFT.
    (a) Limitation.--Except as provided in subsection (b), none of the 
funds authorized to be appropriated by this Act or otherwise made 
available for fiscal year 2020 for the Air Force may be obligated or 
expended to procure any F-15EX aircraft, other than the first two 
prototypes of such aircraft, until a period of 15 days has elapsed 
following the date on which the Secretary of the Air Force submits to 
the congressional defense committees a report on the following topics 
relating to the F-15EX program:
        (1) Acquisition strategy.
        (2) Cost and schedule estimates.
        (3) Test and evaluation strategy.
        (4) Logistics strategy.
        (5) Post-production fielding strategy.
    (b) Exception for Long-lead Items.--
        (1) In general.--Notwithstanding subsection (a), the Secretary 
    of the Air Force may use the funds described in paragraph (2) to 
    procure long-lead items for up to six additional F-15EX aircraft 
    beyond the first two prototypes of such aircraft.
        (2) Funds described.--The funds described in this paragraph are 
    funds authorized to be appropriated by this Act or otherwise made 
    available for fiscal year 2020 for the Air Force for any of the 
    following:
            (A) Research and development, nonrecurring engineering.
            (B) Aircraft procurement.
    (c) F-15EX Program Defined.--In this section, the term ``F-15EX 
program'' means the F-15EX aircraft program of the Air Force as 
described in the materials submitted to Congress by the Secretary of 
Defense in support of the budget of the President for fiscal year 2020 
(as submitted to Congress under section 1105(a) of title 21, United 
States Code).
    SEC. 146. LIMITATION ON AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS FOR VC-25B AIRCRAFT.
    (a) Limitation.--Except as provided in subsection (b), none of the 
funds authorized to be appropriated by this Act or otherwise made 
available for fiscal year 2020 or any subsequent fiscal year for the 
Air Force may be obligated or expended to carry out over and above work 
on the VC-25B aircraft until a period of 30 days has elapsed following 
the date on which the Secretary of the Air Force notifies the 
congressional defense committees of the intent of the Secretary to 
authorize such work.
    (b) Exception.--The limitation under subsection (a) shall not apply 
to over and above work carried out--
        (1) to repair or replace items damaged during the testing of 
    the VC-25B aircraft; or
        (2) to make changes necessary to meet operational requirements.
    (c) Definitions.--In this section:
        (1) The term ``operational requirements'' means any of the 
    operational requirements for the VC-25B aircraft described in the 
    capability development document or the system requirements document 
    for the Presidential Aircraft Recapitalization Program.
        (2) The term ``over and above work'' means work performed 
    pursuant to line 0012 (CLIN 0012) of the contract for Presidential 
    Aircraft Recapitalization entered into between the Department of 
    the Air Force and the Boeing Company (contract number FA8625-16-C-
    6599).
    SEC. 147. LIMITATION ON AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS FOR RC-26B AIRCRAFT.
    (a) Limitation.--Except as provided in subsection (b), none of the 
funds authorized to be appropriated by this Act or otherwise made 
available for fiscal year 2020 for the Air Force may be obligated or 
expended to retire, divest, realign, or place in storage or on backup 
aircraft inventory status, or prepare to retire, divest, realign, or 
place in storage or backup inventory status, any RC-26B aircraft until 
the date on which the Secretary of the Air Force submits to the 
congressional defense committees--
        (1) the report required under subsection (c); and
        (2) the certification required under subsection (d).
    (b) Exception.--The limitation in subsection (a) shall not apply to 
individual RC-26B aircraft that the Secretary of the Air Force 
determines, on a case-by-case basis, to be no longer mission capable 
because of mishaps or other damage.
    (c) Report Required.--Not later than 90 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of the Air Force shall submit to 
the congressional defense committees a report that includes the 
following:
        (1) A survey of any requirements for the Air Force to provide 
    intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance support to other 
    military forces and civil authorities that the Air Force and the 
    Air National Guard meet using the RC-26B aircraft.
        (2) An assessment of the extent to which such requirements are 
    appropriate for the Air Force to fulfill.
        (3) The manner in which the Secretary would meet such 
    requirements if the RC-26B aircraft were to be retired.
        (4) A comparison of costs and effectiveness of alternative 
    means of providing intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance 
    support to other military forces and civil authorities.
        (5) An assessment of the utility of entering into one or more 
    memoranda of agreement with other military forces and civil 
    authorities to govern the process for providing intelligence, 
    surveillance, and reconnaissance support to those forces and 
    authorities.
    (d) Certification Required.--Not later than 60 days after the date 
on which the Secretary of the Air Force submits the report required 
under subsection (c), the Secretary shall certify to the congressional 
defense committees--
        (1) whether there are requirements for the Air Force to provide 
    intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance support to other 
    military forces and civil authorities that the Air Force meets 
    using the RC-26B aircraft; and
        (2) whether the Secretary has identified methods of meeting 
    such requirements that are more effective and more efficient than 
    meeting such requirements through the use of the RC-26B aircraft.
    SEC. 148. LIMITATION ON AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS FOR RETIREMENT OF RC-
      135 AIRCRAFT.
    (a) Limitation.--Except as provided in subsection (b), none of the 
funds authorized to be appropriated by this Act or otherwise made 
available for fiscal year 2020 for the Air Force may be obligated or 
expended to retire, or prepare to retire, any RC-135 aircraft until a 
period of 60 days has elapsed following the date on which the Secretary 
of Defense certifies to the congressional defense committees that--
        (1) technologies other than the RC-135 aircraft provide 
    capacity and capabilities equivalent to the capacity and 
    capabilities of the RC-135 aircraft; and
        (2) the capacity and capabilities of such other technologies 
    meet the requirements of combatant commanders with respect to 
    indications and warning, intelligence preparation of the 
    operational environment, and direct support for kinetic and 
    nonkinetic operations.
    (b) Exception.--The limitation in subsection (a) shall not apply to 
individual RC-135 aircraft that the Secretary of the Air Force 
determines, on a case-by-case basis, to be no longer mission capable 
because of mishaps, other damage, or being uneconomical to repair.
    SEC. 149. AIR FORCE AGGRESSOR SQUADRON MODERNIZATION.
    (a) Sense of Congress.--It is the sense of Congress that--
        (1) it is critical that the Air Force has the capability to 
    train against an advanced air adversary in order to be prepared for 
    conflicts against a modern enemy force, and that in order to have 
    this capability, the Air Force must have access to an advanced 
    adversary force prior to United States adversaries fielding a 5th-
    generation operational capability; and
        (2) the Air Force's plan to use low-rate initial production F-
    35As as aggressor aircraft reflects a recognition of the need to 
    field a modernized aggressor fleet.
    (b) Report.--
        (1) In general.--The Secretary of the Air Force may not 
    transfer any low-rate initial production F-35 aircraft for use as 
    aggressor aircraft until the Chief of Staff of the Air Force 
    submits to the congressional defense committees a comprehensive 
    plan and report on the strategy for modernizing its organic 
    aggressor fleet.
        (2) Elements.--The report required under paragraph (1) shall 
    include the following elements:
            (A) Potential locations for F-35A aggressor aircraft, 
        including an analysis of installations that--
                (i) have the size and availability of airspace 
            necessary to meet flying operations requirements;
                (ii) have sufficient capacity and availability of range 
            space;
                (iii) are capable of hosting advanced-threat training 
            exercises; and
                (iv) meet or require minimal addition to the 
            environmental requirements associated with the basing 
            action.
            (B) An analysis of the potential cost and benefits of 
        expanding aggressor squadrons currently operating 18 Primary 
        Assigned Aircraft (PAA) to a level of 24 PAA each.
            (C) An analysis of the cost and timelines associated with 
        modernizing the current Air Force aggressor squadrons to 
        include upgrading aircraft radar, infrared search-and-track 
        systems, radar warning receiver, tactical datalink, threat-
        representative jamming pods, and other upgrades necessary to 
        provide a realistic advanced adversary threat.
    SEC. 150. AIR FORCE PLAN FOR COMBAT RESCUE HELICOPTER FIELDING.
    (a) Sense of Congress.--It is the sense of Congress that, given 
delays to Operational Loss Replacement (OLR) program fielding and the 
on-time fielding of Combat Rescue Helicopter (CRH), the Air National 
Guard should retain additional HH-60G helicopters at Air National Guard 
locations to meet their recommended primary aircraft authorized (PAA) 
per the Air Force's June 2018 report on Air National Guard HH-60 
requirements.
    (b) Report on Fielding Plan.--
        (1) In general.--Not later than 45 days after the date of the 
    enactment of this Act, the Secretary of the Air Force shall submit 
    to the congressional defense committees a report on its fielding 
    plan for the CRH program.
        (2) Elements.--The report required under paragraph (1) shall 
    include the following elements:
            (A) A description of the differences in capabilities 
        between the HH-60G, OLR, and CRH helicopters.
            (B) A description of the costs and risks associated with 
        changing the CRH fielding plan to reduce or eliminate inventory 
        shortfalls.
            (C) A description of the measures for accelerating the 
        program available within the current contract.
            (D) A description of the operational risks and benefits 
        associated with fielding the CRH to the active component first, 
        including--
                (i) how the differing fielding plan may affect 
            deployment schedules;
                (ii) what capabilities active-component units deploying 
            with the CRH will have that reserve component units 
            deploying with OLR will not; and
                (iii) an analysis of the potential costs and benefits 
            that could result from accelerating CRH fielding to all 
            units through additional funding in the future years 
            defense program.
    (c) Report on Training Plan.--
        (1) In general.--Not later than 45 days after the date of the 
    enactment of this Act, the Secretary of the Air Force shall submit 
    to the congressional defense committees a report on the plan to 
    sustain training for initial-entry reserve component HH-60G pilots 
    once the active component of the Air Force has received all of its 
    CRH helicopters.
        (2) Elements.--The report required under paragraph (1) shall 
    include the following elements:
            (A) Projected reserve component aircrew initial HH-60G/OLR 
        qualification training requirements, by year.
            (B) The number of legacy HH-60G/OLR helicopters required to 
        continue providing initial HH-60G qualification training 
        through the 150th Special Operations Wing at Kirtland Air Force 
        Base.
            (C) The number of personnel required to continue providing 
        initial HH-60G/OLR qualification training through the 150th 
        Special Operations Wing at Kirtland Air Force Base.
            (D) The number of flying hours required per pilot to 
        perform ``differences training'' at home station for initial 
        entry HH-60 pilots receiving CRH training at Kirtland Air Force 
        Base to become qualified in the HH-60G/OLR at their home 
        station.
            (E) The projected effect of using local flying training 
        hours at reserve component units on overall unit training 
        readiness and ability to meet Ready Aircrew Program 
        requirements.
    SEC. 151. REPORT ON FEASIBILITY OF MULTIYEAR CONTRACT FOR 
      PROCUREMENT OF JASSM-ER MISSILES.
    (a) In General.--Not later than March 31, 2020, the Secretary of 
the Air Force shall submit a report to the congressional defense 
committees assessing the feasibility of entering into a multiyear 
contract for procurement of JASSM-ER missiles starting in fiscal year 
2022.
    (b) Elements.--The report required under subsection (a) shall 
include the following elements:
        (1) An initial assessment of cost savings to the Air Force from 
    a multiyear contract.
        (2) An analysis of at least two different multiyear contract 
    options that vary in either duration or quantity, at least one of 
    which assumes a maximum procurement of 550 missiles per year for 5 
    years.
        (3) An assessment of how a multiyear contract will impact the 
    industrial base.
        (4) An assessment of how a multiyear contract will impact the 
    Long Range Anti-Ship Missile.
        (5) An assessment of how a multiyear contract will impact the 
    ability of the Air Force to develop additional capabilities for the 
    JASSM-ER missile.
    SEC. 152. REPORT ON AIRCRAFT FLEET OF THE CIVIL AIR PATROL.
    (a) Report.--Not later than 90 days after the date of the enactment 
of this Act, the Secretary of the Air Force shall submit to the 
congressional defense committees a report on the aircraft fleet of the 
Civil Air Patrol.
    (b) Elements.--The report required by subsection (a) shall include 
an assessment of each of the following:
        (1) Whether the number of aircraft, types of aircraft, and 
    operating locations that comprise the Civil Air Patrol fleet are 
    suitable for the missions and responsibilities assigned to the 
    Civil Air Patrol, including--
            (A) flight proficiency and training;
            (B) operational mission training; and
            (C) support for cadet orientation and cadet flight training 
        programs in the Civil Air Patrol wing of each State.
        (2) The ideal overall size of the Civil Air Patrol aircraft 
    fleet, including a description of the factors used to determine 
    that ideal size.
        (3) The process used by the Civil Air Patrol and the Air Force 
    to determine the number and location of aircraft operating 
    locations and whether State Civil Air Patrol wing commanders are 
    appropriately involved in that process.
        (4) The process used by the Civil Air Patrol, the Air Force, 
    and other relevant entities to determine the type and number of 
    aircraft that are needed to support the emergency, operational, and 
    training missions of the Civil Air Patrol.
    SEC. 153. SENSE OF CONGRESS ON THE LIGHT ATTACK AIRCRAFT INITIATIVE 
      OF THE AIR FORCE.
    It is the sense of the Congress that--
        (1) The United States Special Operations Command has a mission 
    requirement to support foreign internal defense training and a 
    light attack aircraft platform could potentially facilitate meeting 
    that requirement.
        (2) The Secretary of the Air Force should coordinate with the 
    Commander of the United States Special Operations Command to assess 
    how general purpose forces and special operations forces can 
    leverage the light attack aircraft phase three experimentation 
    activities of the Air Force.
        (3) The Secretary of the Air Force, in coordination with the 
    Commander of the United States Special Operations Command, should 
    explore options for coordinating light attack aircraft experiment 
    activities between general purpose forces and special operations 
    forces to maximize efficiency and effectiveness and to further the 
    mission requirements of both forces, including options to transfer 
    a portion of funds authorized for Air Force light attack aircraft 
    experiments to procure aircraft for supporting the combat air 
    advisor mission of the Special Operations Command.

       Subtitle E--Defense-wide, Joint, and Multiservice Matters

    SEC. 161. ECONOMIC ORDER QUANTITY CONTRACTING AND BUY-TO-BUDGET 
      ACQUISITION FOR F-35 AIRCRAFT PROGRAM.
    (a) Economic Order Quantity Contract Authority.--
        (1) In general.--Subject to paragraphs (2) through (4), from 
    amounts made available for obligation under the F-35 aircraft 
    program, the Secretary of Defense may enter into one or more 
    contracts, beginning with the fiscal year 2020 program year, for 
    the procurement of economic order quantities of material and 
    equipment that has completed formal hardware qualification testing 
    for the F-35 aircraft program for use in procurement contracts to 
    be awarded for such program during fiscal years 2021, 2022, and 
    2023.
        (2) Limitation.--The total amount obligated under all contracts 
    entered into under paragraph (1) shall not exceed $574,000,000.
        (3) Preliminary findings.--Before entering into a contract 
    under paragraph (1), the Secretary of Defense shall make each of 
    the following findings with respect to such contract:
            (A) The use of such a contract will result in significant 
        savings of the total anticipated costs of carrying out the 
        program through annual contracts.
            (B) The minimum need for the property to be procured is 
        expected to remain substantially unchanged during the 
        contemplated contract period in terms of production rate, 
        procurement rate, and total quantities.
            (C) There is a reasonable expectation that, throughout the 
        contemplated contract period, the Secretary will request 
        funding for the contract at the level required to avoid 
        contract cancellation.
            (D) That there is a stable, certified, and qualified design 
        for the property to be procured and that the technical risks 
        and redesign risks associated with such property are low.
            (E) The estimates of both the cost of the contract and the 
        anticipated cost avoidance through the use of an economic order 
        quantity contract are realistic.
            (F) Entering into the contract will promote the national 
        security interests of the United States.
        (4) Certification requirement.--The Secretary of Defense may 
    not enter into a contract under paragraph (1) until a period of 30 
    days has elapsed following the date on which the Secretary 
    certifies to the congressional defense committees, in writing, that 
    each of the following conditions is satisfied:
            (A) A sufficient number of end items of the system being 
        acquired under such contract have been delivered at or within 
        the most recently available estimates of the program 
        acquisition unit cost or procurement unit cost for such system 
        to determine that the estimates of the unit costs are 
        realistic.
            (B) During the fiscal year in which such contract is to be 
        awarded, sufficient funds will be available to perform the 
        contract in such fiscal year, and the future-years defense 
        program submitted to Congress under section 221 of title 10, 
        United States Code, for that fiscal year will include the 
        funding required to execute the program without cancellation.
            (C) The contract is a fixed-price type contract.
            (D) The proposed contract provides for production at not 
        less than minimum economic rates given the existing tooling and 
        facilities.
            (E) The Secretary has determined that each of the 
        conditions described in subparagraphs (A) through (F) of 
        paragraph (3) will be met by such contract and has provided the 
        basis for such determination to the congressional defense 
        committees.
    (b) Buy-to-budget Acquisition.--Subject to section 2308 of title 
10, United States Code, the Secretary of Defense may procure a quantity 
of F-35 aircraft in excess of the quantity authorized by this Act.
    SEC. 162. RELIEF FROM CONTRACTORS FOR FAILURE TO DELIVER READY-FOR-
      ISSUE SPARE PARTS FOR THE F-35 AIRCRAFT PROGRAM.
    (a) Requirement to Seek Relief.--Consistent with the findings and 
recommendations of the Inspector General of the Department of Defense 
in the report titled ``Audit of F-35 Ready-For-Issue Spare Parts and 
Sustainment Performance Incentive Fees'' (DODIG-2019-094) and dated 
June 13, 2019, the Secretary of Defense shall seek relief, as described 
in subsection (b), from prime contractors that delivered noncompliant 
ready-for-issue spare parts pursuant a contract under the F-35 aircraft 
program.
    (b) Relief Described.--The relief sought by the Secretary of 
Defense under subsection (a) may include the following: 
        (1) Specific performance.
        (2) Compensation for costs incurred by the Department of 
    Defense as a result of the contractor's failure to deliver 
    compliant ready-for-issue spare parts under the contract.
        (3) Any other form of remediation or compensation the Secretary 
    determines to be appropriate.
    (c) Rule of Construction.--Nothing in this section shall be 
construed--
        (1) to alter the terms of a contract under the F-35 aircraft 
    program; or
        (2) to authorize the Secretary of Defense to seek forms of 
    relief beyond those otherwise available under law.
    SEC. 163. LIMITATION ON AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS FOR REALLOCATION OF 
      TURKISH F-35A AIRCRAFT TO THE UNITED STATES.
    (a) Limitation.--None of the funds authorized to be appropriated by 
this Act or otherwise made available for fiscal year 2020 for the Air 
Force may be obligated or expended to procure a covered F-35A aircraft 
for the United States Air Force until a period of 15 days has elapsed 
following the date on which the Secretary of Defense certifies to the 
congressional defense committees that--
        (1) ancillary mission equipment, initial spare parts and 
    materials, technical data, and publications will be procured for 
    each covered F-35A aircraft delivered to the Air Force; and
        (2) each such aircraft will be delivered to the Air Force in a 
    common configuration that may be operated and integrated within the 
    fleet of F-35A aircraft of the Air Force.
    (b) Covered F-35A Aircraft Defined.--In this section, the term 
``covered F-35A aircraft'' means an F-35A aircraft previously procured 
by or on behalf of the Government of the Republic of Turkey in F-35 
production lot 12, 13, or 14.
    SEC. 164. REQUIREMENT TO ESTABLISH THE USE OF AN AGILE DEVOPS 
      SOFTWARE DEVELOPMENT SOLUTION AS AN ALTERNATIVE FOR JOINT STRIKE 
      FIGHTER AUTONOMIC LOGISTICS INFORMATION SYSTEM.
    (a) Competitive Analysis.--The Secretary of Defense shall conduct a 
competitive analysis of the performance and design architecture 
enhancement efforts between the currently fielded Autonomic logistics 
Information System, Autonomic Logistics Information System-Next, and 
the Department of the Air Force Agile Development Operations Madhatter 
initiative efforts, including system technology transition 
opportunities and timelines.
    (c) Briefing.--Not later than September 30, 2020, the Secretary of 
Defense shall provide the congressional defense committees a briefing 
on the findings of the competitive analysis carried out under 
subsection (a).
    SEC. 165. F-35 SUSTAINMENT COST.
    (a) Quarterly Update.--The Under Secretary of Defense for 
Acquisition and Sustainment shall include in the quarterly report 
required under section 155 of the John S. McCain National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2019 (Public Law 115-232)--
        (1) sustainment cost data related to the F-35 program, 
    including a comparison in itemized format of the cost of legacy 
    aircraft and the cost of the F-35 program, based on a standardized 
    set of criteria; and
        (2) an evaluation and metrics on the extent to which the goals 
    developed pursuant to subsection (b) are being achieved.
    (b) Cost Reduction Plan.--
        (1) In general.--The Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition 
    and Sustainment shall develop and implement a plan for achieving 
    significant reductions in the costs to operate, maintain, and 
    sustain the F-35 system.
        (2) Elements.--The plan required under paragraph (1) shall 
    include the following elements:
            (A) Specific changes in the management and execution of 
        operation and support (O&S) cost elements to engender 
        continuous and measurable process improvements.
            (B) Specific actions the Department will implement in the 
        near, mid, and long terms to reduce O&S costs.
            (C) Firm and achievable timelines for implementing the 
        specific actions and process changes.
        (3) Report.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
    enactment of this Act, the Under Secretary shall submit to the 
    congressional defense committees a report on the baseline plan 
    developed pursuant to paragraph (1).
    SEC. 166. REPORTS ON THE PROGRESS AND PERFORMANCE OF THE F-35 
      AIRCRAFT PROGRAM.
    (a) F-35 Block 4 and Continuous Capability Development and Delivery 
Program.--The Secretary of Defense shall include with the annual report 
required by section 224(d) of the National Defense Authorization Act 
for Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328; 130 Stat. 2059) an integrated 
master schedule and past performance assessment for each planned phase 
of the F-35 Block 4 Upgrade and Continuous Capability Development and 
Delivery Program.
    (b) Comptroller General Reports.--
        (1) Annual report required.--Not later than 30 days after the 
    date on which the budget of the President is submitted to Congress 
    under section 1105(a) of title 31, United States Code, for each of 
    fiscal years 2021 through 2025, the Comptroller General of the 
    United States shall submit to the congressional defense committees 
    a report on the F-35 aircraft program.
        (2) Elements.--Each report under paragraph (1) shall include, 
    with respect to the F-35 aircraft program, the following:
            (A) An assessment of the progress of manufacturing 
        processes improvement under the program.
            (B) The progress and results of the F-35 Block 4 Upgrade 
        and Continuous Capability Development and Delivery Program and 
        other follow-on modernization development and testing efforts.
            (C) An assessment of the Department's schedule for 
        delivering software upgrades in six-month, scheduled 
        increments.
            (D) The progress and results of any other significant 
        hardware development and fielding efforts necessary for the F-
        35 Block 4 Upgrade and Continuous Capability Development and 
        Delivery Program.
            (E) Any other issues the Comptroller General determines to 
        be appropriate.
    (c) F-35 Block 4 Defined.--In this section, the term ``F-35 Block 4 
Upgrade and Continuous Capability Development and Delivery Program'' 
means Block 4 capability upgrades for the F-35 aircraft program as 
described in the Selected Acquisition Report for the program submitted 
to Congress in March 2019, pursuant to section 2432 of title 10, United 
States Code.
    SEC. 167. OTHER REPORTS ON THE F-35 AIRCRAFT PROGRAM.
    (a) Report on F-35 Reliability and Maintainability Metrics.--The 
Secretary of Defense shall submit to the congressional defense 
committees a report on the reliability and maintainability metrics for 
the F-35 aircraft. The report shall include the following:
        (1) The results of a review and assessment, conducted by the 
    program office for the F-35 aircraft program, of the reliability 
    and maintainability metrics for the aircraft as set forth in the 
    most recent operational requirements document for the program.
        (2) A determination of whether the reliability and 
    maintainability metrics for the aircraft, as set forth in the most 
    recent operational requirements document for the program, are 
    feasible and attainable, and what changes, if any, will be made to 
    update the metrics.
        (3) A certification that the program office for the F-35 
    aircraft program has revised the reliability and maintainability 
    improvement plan for the aircraft--
            (A) to identify specific and measurable reliability and 
        maintainability objectives in the improvement plan guidance; 
        and
            (B) to identify and document which projects included in the 
        improvement plan will achieve the objectives identified under 
        subparagraph (A).
    (b) Report on F-35 Block 4 Upgrade and Continuous Capability 
Development and Delivery Program.--
        (1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense shall submit to the 
    congressional defense committees a report on the F-35 Block 4 
    Upgrade and Continuous Capability Development and Delivery Program. 
    The report shall include the following:
            (A) The results of the independent cost estimate for the 
        Program conducted by the Director of Cost Assessment and 
        Program Evaluation.
            (B) An approved test and evaluation master plan that 
        addresses the adequacy of testing resources, testing aircraft 
        shortfalls, and testing funding.
            (C) A review of the feasibility and schedule of the 
        continuous capability development and delivery strategy for 
        fielding technologies under the Program as conducted by the 
        Under Secretary of Defense for Research and Engineering.
        (2) F-35 block 4 defined.--In this subsection, the term ``F-35 
    Block 4 Upgrade and Continuous Capability Development and Delivery 
    Program'' has the meaning given that term in section 166.
    (c) Report on F-35 Autonomic Logistics Information System.--The 
Secretary of Defense shall submit to the congressional defense 
committees a report on the autonomic logistics information system of 
the F-35 aircraft. The report shall include a description of each of 
the following:
        (1) All shortfalls, capability gaps, and deficiencies in the 
    system that have been identified as of the date of the enactment of 
    this Act.
        (2) The strategy and performance requirements that will be 
    implemented to improve the system.
        (3) The strategy, implementation plan, schedule, and estimated 
    costs of developing and fielding--
            (A) the next generation of the system; or
            (B) future increments of the system.
    (d) F-35 Life-cycle Cost Estimates.--
        (1) Joint cost estimate.--The Secretary of the Air Force and 
    the Secretary of the Navy shall jointly develop a joint service 
    cost estimate for the life-cycle costs of the F-35 aircraft 
    program.
        (2) Independent cost estimate.--The Director of Cost Assessment 
    and Program Evaluation shall develop an independent cost estimate 
    for the life-cycle costs of the F-35 aircraft program.
    (e) Deadline for Submittal.--The reports required under subsections 
(a) through (d) shall be submitted to the congressional defense 
committees not later than 180 days after the date of the enactment of 
this Act.
    SEC. 168. LIMITATION ON AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS FOR COMMUNICATIONS 
      SYSTEMS LACKING CERTAIN RESILIENCY FEATURES.
    (a) In General.--Except as provided under subsection (b), none of 
the funds authorized to be appropriated by this Act or otherwise made 
available for fiscal year 2020 for the Department of Defense may be 
obligated or expended for the procurement of a current or future 
Department of Defense communications program of record, and the 
Department may not otherwise procure a current or future communications 
program of record, unless the communications equipment--
        (1) mitigates geolocation of a transmission that would allow a 
    like echelon enemy force to target the user;
        (2) securely communicates classified information in a contested 
    communications environment that includes operationally 
    representative jamming;
        (3) reduces, within two years of continued development and 
    upgrades, electronic signature and susceptibility to geolocation by 
    using low probability of intercept/detect (LPI/LPD) waveforms, or 
    other capability that would provide the same resiliency on the 
    battlefield; and
        (4) utilizes a waveform that is either made available through 
    the Department of Defense Waveform Information Repository, or is a 
    commercial off the shelf (COTS) waveform available for government 
    licensing with waveform analysis through the Joint Tactical 
    Networking Center (JTNC) Tactical Communications Marketplace.
    (b) Waiver.--The Secretary of a military department may waive the 
requirement under subsection (a) with respect to a communications 
system upon certifying to the congressional defense committees that the 
system's intended use is not for contested environments or will meet 
the requirement when operated as a component of an integrated network.
    SEC. 169. REPEAL OF TACTICAL UNMANNED VEHICLE COMMON DATA LINK 
      REQUIREMENT.
    (a) Report Required.--
        (1) In general.--Not later than February 1, 2020, the Under 
    Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment shall submit 
    to the congressional defense committees a report on the status of 
    the Common Data Link program and plans to meet new and emerging 
    manned and unmanned intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance 
    (ISR) vehicle secure and interoperable communication requirements.
        (2) Elements.--The report required under paragraph (1) shall 
    include the following elements:
            (A) A description of each Common Data Link (CDL) waveform 
        in use and which platforms or systems utilize each CDL 
        waveform.
            (B) A list of manned and unmanned ISR platforms or systems 
        in development requiring networked, secure, low latency 
        communications, and an assessment of the suitability of CDL to 
        meet the requirements of each planned program.
            (C) A description of in-progress or planned technology 
        development efforts to address networking requirements for 
        manned and unmanned ISR systems operating in contested and 
        denied environments.
    (b) Repeal.--Section 157 of the National Defense Authorization Act 
for Fiscal Year 2013 (Public Law 112-239; 126 Stat. 1667) is hereby 
repealed.

         TITLE II--RESEARCH, DEVELOPMENT, TEST, AND EVALUATION

               Subtitle A--Authorization of Appropriations

Sec. 201. Authorization of appropriations.

     Subtitle B--Program Requirements, Restrictions, and Limitations

Sec. 211. Program on enhancement of preparation of dependents of members 
          of Armed Forces for careers in science, technology, 
          engineering, and mathematics.
Sec. 212. Updates to the Department of Defense personnel management 
          authority to attract experts in science and engineering.
Sec. 213. Establishment of joint reserve detachment of the Defense 
          Innovation Unit.
Sec. 214. Research and educational programs and activities for 
          Historically Black Colleges and Universities and Minority-
          Serving Institutions of Higher Education.
Sec. 215. Modification of authority for prizes for advanced technology 
          achievements.
Sec. 216. Joint hypersonics transition office.
Sec. 217. Modification of proof of concept commercialization program.
Sec. 218. Modification of authority and addition of technology areas for 
          expedited access to technical talent.
Sec. 219. Expansion of coordination in support of national security 
          innovation and entrepreneurial education.
Sec. 220. Modification of defense quantum information science and 
          technology research and development program.
Sec. 221. Understanding of investments in artificial intelligence and 
          development of capabilities by adversaries.
Sec. 222. Advisory role of JASON scientific advisory group.
Sec. 223. Direct Air Capture and Blue Carbon Removal Technology Program.
Sec. 224. Requiring defense microelectronics products and services meet 
          trusted supply chain and operational security standards.
Sec. 225. Development and acquisition strategy to procure secure, low 
          probability of detection data link network capability.
Sec. 226. Establishment of secure next-generation wireless network (5G) 
          infrastructure for the Nevada Test and Training Range and base 
          infrastructure.
Sec. 227. Administration of manufacturing innovation institutes funded 
          by the Department of Defense.
Sec. 228. Research program on foreign malign influence operations.
Sec. 229. Diversification of the research and engineering workforce of 
          the Department of Defense.
Sec. 230. Policy on the talent management of digital expertise and 
          software professionals.
Sec. 231. Digital engineering capability to automate testing and 
          evaluation.
Sec. 232. Process to align policy formulation and emerging technology 
          development.
Sec. 233. Improvement of the Strategic Capabilities Office of the 
          Department of Defense.
Sec. 234. Pilot program on enhanced civics education.
Sec. 235. Technology and national security fellowship.
Sec. 236. Documentation relating to the Advanced Battle Management 
          System.
Sec. 237. Sensor data integration for fifth generation aircraft.
Sec. 238. Sense of Congress on future vertical lift technologies.
Sec. 239. Use of funds for Strategic Environmental Research Program, 
          Environmental Security Technical Certification Program, and 
          Operational Energy Capability Improvement.
Sec. 240. Limitation and report on Indirect Fire Protection Capability 
          Increment 2 capability.

              Subtitle C--Plans, Reports, and Other Matters

Sec. 251. Master plan for implementation of authorities relating to 
          science and technology reinvention laboratories.
Sec. 252. Infrastructure to support research, development, test, and 
          evaluation missions.
Sec. 253. Energetics plan.
Sec. 254. Strategy and implementation plan for fifth generation 
          information and communications technologies.
Sec. 255. Department-wide software science and technology strategy.
Sec. 256. Artificial intelligence education strategy.
Sec. 257. Cyber science and technology activities roadmap and reports.
Sec. 258. Report on B-52 commercial engine replacement program.
Sec. 259. Commercial edge computing technologies and best practices for 
          Department of Defense warfighting systems.
Sec. 260. Biannual report on the Joint Artificial Intelligence Center.
Sec. 261. Quarterly updates on the Optionally Manned Fighting Vehicle 
          program.
Sec. 262. National Study on Defense Research At Historically Black 
          Colleges and Universities and Other Minority Institutions.
Sec. 263. Study on national security emerging biotechnologies for the 
          Department of Defense.
Sec. 264. Independent study on optimizing resources allocated to 
          Combating Terrorism Technical Support Office.
Sec. 265. Independent assessment of electronic warfare plans and 
          programs.
Sec. 266. Technical correction to Global Research Watch Program.

              Subtitle A--Authorization of Appropriations

    SEC. 201. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.
    Funds are hereby authorized to be appropriated for fiscal year 2020 
for the use of the Department of Defense for research, development, 
test, and evaluation, as specified in the funding table in section 
4201.

    Subtitle B--Program Requirements, Restrictions, and Limitations

    SEC. 211. PROGRAM ON ENHANCEMENT OF PREPARATION OF DEPENDENTS OF 
      MEMBERS OF ARMED FORCES FOR CAREERS IN SCIENCE, TECHNOLOGY, 
      ENGINEERING, AND MATHEMATICS.
    (a) Program Required.--Chapter 111 of title 10, United States Code, 
is amended by inserting after section 2192a the following new section:
``Sec. 2192b. Program on enhancement of preparation of dependents of 
     members of armed forces for careers in science, technology, 
     engineering, and mathematics
    ``(a) Program Required.--The Secretary of Defense shall carry out a 
program to--
        ``(1) enhance the preparation of students at covered schools 
    for careers in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics; 
    and
        ``(2) provide assistance to teachers at covered schools to 
    enhance preparation described in paragraph (1).
    ``(b) Coordination.--In carrying out the program, the Secretary 
shall coordinate with the following:
        ``(1) The Secretaries of the military departments.
        ``(2) The Secretary of Education.
        ``(3) The National Science Foundation.
        ``(4) Other organizations as the Secretary of Defense considers 
    appropriate.
    ``(c) Activities.--Activities under the program may include the 
following:
        ``(1) Establishment of targeted internships and cooperative 
    research opportunities at defense laboratories and other technical 
    centers for students and teachers at covered schools.
        ``(2) Establishment of scholarships and fellowships for 
    students at covered schools.
        ``(3) Efforts and activities that improve the quality of 
    science, technology, engineering, and mathematics educational and 
    training opportunities for students and teachers at covered 
    schools, including with respect to improving the development of 
    curricula at covered schools.
        ``(4) Development of travel opportunities, demonstrations, 
    mentoring programs, and informal science education for students and 
    teachers at covered schools.
    ``(d) Metrics.--The Secretary shall establish outcome-based metrics 
and internal and external assessments to evaluate the merits and 
benefits of activities conducted under the program with respect to the 
needs of the Department of Defense.
    ``(e) Covered Schools Defined.--In this section, the term `covered 
schools' means elementary or secondary schools at which the Secretary 
determines a significant number of dependents of members of the armed 
forces are enrolled.''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning of 
such chapter is amended by inserting after the item relating to section 
2192a the following new item:

``2192b. Program on enhancement of preparation of dependents of members 
          of armed forces for careers in science, technology, 
          engineering, and mathematics.''.

    (c) Conforming Repeal.--Section 233 of the Carl Levin and Howard P. 
``Buck'' McKeon National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2015 
(Public Law 113-291; 10 U.S.C. 2193a note) is repealed.
    SEC. 212. UPDATES TO THE DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT 
      AUTHORITY TO ATTRACT EXPERTS IN SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING.
    (a) In General.--Subsection (a) of section 1599h of title 10, 
United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new 
paragraph:
        ``(6) Joint artificial intelligence center.--The Director of 
    the Joint Artificial Intelligence Center may carry out a program of 
    personnel management authority provided in subsection (b) in order 
    to facilitate recruitment of eminent experts in science or 
    engineering for the Center. The authority to carry out the program 
    under this paragraph shall terminate on December 31, 2024.''.
    (b) Scope of Appointment Authority.--Subsection (b)(1) of such 
section is amended--
        (1) in subparagraph (D), by striking ``and'' at the end;
        (2) in subparagraph (E), by adding ``and'' at the end; and
        (3) by adding at the end the following new subparagraph:
            ``(F) in the case of the Joint Artificial Intelligence 
        Center, appoint scientists and engineers to a total of not more 
        than 5 scientific and engineering positions in the Center;''.
    (c) Extension of Terms of Appointment.--Subsection (c)(2) of such 
section is amended by striking ``or the Defense Innovation Unit 
Experimental'' and inserting ``the Defense Innovation Unit, or the 
Joint Artificial Intelligence Center''.
    (d) Update to Organizational Name.--Such section is further 
amended--
        (1) in subsection (a)(5)--
            (A) in the subsection heading by striking ``DIUX'' and 
        inserting ``DIU''; and
            (B) by striking ``Experimental''; and
        (2) in subsection (b)(1)(E), by striking ``Experimental''.
    SEC. 213. ESTABLISHMENT OF JOINT RESERVE DETACHMENT OF THE DEFENSE 
      INNOVATION UNIT.
    (a) In General.--
        (1) Establishment of joint reserve detachment of the defense 
    innovation unit.--Chapter 139 of title 10, United States Code, is 
    amended by inserting after section 2358a the following new section:
``Sec. 2358b. Joint reserve detachment of the Defense Innovation Unit
    ``(a) Establishment.--The Secretary of Defense, in consultation 
with the Secretaries of the military departments, may establish a joint 
reserve detachment (referred to in this section as the `Detachment') 
composed of members of the reserve components described in subsection 
(b) to be assigned to each office of the Defense Innovation Unit to--
        ``(1) support engagement and collaboration with private-sector 
    industry and the community surrounding the location of such office; 
    and
        ``(2) to accelerate the use and adoption of commercially-
    developed technologies for national security purposes.
    ``(b) Members.--Each Secretary of a military department shall 
select for the Detachment, and make efforts to retain, members of the 
reserve components who possess relevant private-sector experience in 
the fields of business, acquisition, intelligence, engineering, 
technology transfer, science, mathematics, program management, 
logistics, cybersecurity, or such other fields as determined by the 
Under Secretary of Defense for Research and Engineering.
    ``(c) Duties.--The Detachment shall have the following duties:
        ``(1) Providing the Department of Defense with--
            ``(A) expertise on and analysis of commercially-developed 
        technologies;
            ``(B) commercially-developed technologies to be used as 
        alternatives for technologies in use by the Department; and
            ``(C) opportunities for greater engagement and 
        collaboration between the Department and private-sector 
        industry on innovative technologies.
        ``(2) On an ongoing basis--
            ``(A) partnering with the military departments, the 
        combatant commands, and other Department of Defense 
        organizations to--
                ``(i) identify and rapidly prototype commercially-
            developed technologies; and
                ``(ii) use alternative contracting mechanisms to 
            procure such technologies;
            ``(B) increasing awareness of--
                ``(i) the work of the Defense Innovation Unit; and
                ``(ii) the technology requirements of the Department of 
            Defense as identified in the National Defense Science and 
            Technology Strategy developed under section 218 of the John 
            S. McCain National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
            Year 2019 (Public Law 115-232; 132 Stat. 1679); and
            ``(C) using the investment in research and development made 
        by private-sector industry in assessing and developing dual-use 
        technologies.
        ``(3) Carrying out other activities as directed by the Under 
    Secretary of Defense for Research and Engineering.
    ``(d) Joint Duty.--Assignment to a Detachment shall not qualify as 
a joint duty assignment, as defined in section 668(b)(1) of title 10, 
United States Code, unless approved by the Secretary of Defense.''.
        (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning 
    of such chapter is amended by inserting after the item relating to 
    section 2358a the following new item:

``2358b. Joint reserve detachment of the Defense Innovation Unit.''.

    (b) Implementation Report.--Not later than 120 days after the date 
of the enactment of this Act, the Under Secretary of Defense for 
Research and Engineering, in consultation with the Director of the 
Defense Innovation Unit and the Secretaries of the military 
departments, shall submit to the congressional defense committees a 
report that includes--
        (1) an organizational plan and the estimated costs for 
    establishing the joint reserve detachment required under section 
    2358b of title 10, United States Code (as added by subsection (a)); 
    and
        (2) a timeline specifying when such detachment will attain 
    initial operational capability and full operational capability, 
    respectively.
    SEC. 214. RESEARCH AND EDUCATIONAL PROGRAMS AND ACTIVITIES FOR 
      HISTORICALLY BLACK COLLEGES AND UNIVERSITIES AND MINORITY-SERVING 
      INSTITUTIONS OF HIGHER EDUCATION.
    Section 2362 of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
        (1) by redesignating subsections (d) and (e) as subsections (e) 
    and (f), respectively; and
        (2) by inserting after subsection (c) the following new 
    subsection:
    ``(d) Incentives.--The Secretary of Defense may develop incentives 
to encourage research and educational collaborations between covered 
educational institutions and other institutions of higher education.''.
    SEC. 215. MODIFICATION OF AUTHORITY FOR PRIZES FOR ADVANCED 
      TECHNOLOGY ACHIEVEMENTS.
    Section 2374a(a) of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
striking ``Assistant Secretary of Defense for Research and 
Engineering'' and inserting ``Under Secretary of Defense for Research 
and Engineering, the Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and 
Sustainment,''.
    SEC. 216. JOINT HYPERSONICS TRANSITION OFFICE.
    Section 218 of the John Warner National Defense Authorization Act 
for Fiscal Year 2007 (Public Law 109-364; 10 U.S.C. 2358 note) is 
amended--
        (1) in subsection (a), by striking ``the program required under 
    subsection (b), and shall'' and inserting ``the program and 
    activities described in subsections (b) through (f), and shall'';
        (2) by redesignating subsections (c) through (e) as subsections 
    (d) through (f), respectively;
        (3) by inserting after subsection (b) the following new 
    subsection (c):
    ``(c) University Expertise.--
        ``(1) Arrangement with institutions of higher education.--Using 
    the authority specified in section 217 of the National Defense 
    Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2018 (Public Law 115-91; 10 
    U.S.C. 2358 note) or another similar authority, the Office shall 
    seek to enter into an arrangement with one or more institutions of 
    higher education (as defined in section 101 of the Higher Education 
    Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 1001)) under which such institutions may 
    provide the Office with--
            ``(A) access to research, technology development, and 
        workforce development expertise to support the mission of the 
        Office; and
            ``(B) foundational and applied hypersonic research, 
        development, and workforce support in areas that the Office 
        determines to be relevant for the Department of Defense.
        ``(2) Availability of information.--The Office shall ensure 
    that the results of any research and reports produced pursuant to 
    an arrangement under paragraph (1) are made available to the 
    Federal Government, the private sector, academia, and international 
    partners consistent with appropriate security classification 
    guidance.'';
        (4) in subsection (d), as so redesignated--
            (A) in paragraph (4), by striking the comma before the 
        period; and
            (B) in paragraph (5), by striking ``certified under 
        subsection (e) as being consistent with the roadmap under 
        subsection (d)'' and inserting ``certified under subsection (f) 
        as being consistent with the roadmap under subsection (e)'';
        (5) in subsection (e), as so redesignated, by adding at the end 
    the following new paragraph:
        ``(4) Submittal to congress.--
            ``(A) Initial submission.--Not later than 180 days after 
        the date of the enactment of this paragraph, the Secretary of 
        Defense shall submit to the congressional defense committees 
        the most recent roadmap developed under paragraph (1).
            ``(B) Subsequent submissions.--The Secretary of Defense 
        shall submit to the congressional defense committees each 
        roadmap revised under paragraph (1) together with the budget 
        submitted to Congress under section 1105 of title 31, United 
        States Code, for the fiscal year concerned.''; and
        (6) in subsection (f), as so redesignated--
            (A) by striking ``subsection (d)'' each place it appears 
        and inserting ``subsection (e)''; and
            (B) in paragraph (3), by striking ``2016'' and inserting 
        ``2026''.
    SEC. 217. MODIFICATION OF PROOF OF CONCEPT COMMERCIALIZATION 
      PROGRAM.
    (a) Extension of Program.--Section 1603(g) of the National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2014 (Public Law 113-66; 10 U.S.C. 
2359 note) is amended by striking ``2019'' and inserting ``2024''.
    (b) Additional Improvements.--Section 1603 of such Act, as amended 
by subsection (a), is further amended--
        (1) in the section heading, by inserting ``of dual-use 
    technology'' after ``commercialization'';
        (2) in subsection (a)--
            (A) by inserting ``of Dual-Use Technology'' after 
        ``Commercialization''; and
            (B) by inserting ``with a focus on priority defense 
        technology areas that attract public and private sector 
        funding, as well as private sector investment capital, 
        including from venture capital firms in the United States,'' 
        before ``in accordance'';
        (3) in subsection (c)(4)(A)(iv), by inserting ``, which may 
    include access to venture capital'' after ``award'';
        (4) by striking subsection (d);
        (5) by redesignating subsection (e) as subsection (d);
        (6) by inserting after subsection (d), as so redesignated, the 
    following new subsection (e):
    ``(e) Authorities.--In carrying out this section, the Secretary may 
use the following authorities:
        ``(1) Section 1599g of title 10 of the United States Code, 
    relating to public-private talent exchanges.
        ``(2) Section 2368 of such title, relating to Centers for 
    Science, Technology, and Engineering Partnerships.
        ``(3) Section 2374a of such title, relating to prizes for 
    advanced technology achievements.
        ``(4) Section 2474 of such title, relating to Centers of 
    Industrial and Technical Excellence.
        ``(5) Section 2521 of such title, relating to the Manufacturing 
    Technology Program.
        ``(6) Section 225 of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
    Fiscal Year 2018 (Public Law 115-91; 10 U.S.C. 2359 note).
        ``(7) Section 1711 of such Act (Public Law 115-91; 10 U.S.C. 
    2505 note), relating to a pilot program on strengthening 
    manufacturing in the defense industrial base.
        ``(8) Section 12 of the Stevenson-Wydler Technology Innovation 
    Act of 1980 (15 U.S.C. 3710a) and section 6305 of title 31, United 
    States Code, relating to cooperative research and development 
    agreements.''.
        (7) by striking subsection (f); and
        (8) by redesignating subsection (g) as subsection (f).
    SEC. 218. MODIFICATION OF AUTHORITY AND ADDITION OF TECHNOLOGY 
      AREAS FOR EXPEDITED ACCESS TO TECHNICAL TALENT.
    (a) Modification of Authority.--Subsection (a)(1) of section 217 of 
the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2018 (Public Law 
115-91; 10 U.S.C. 2358 note) is amended by striking ``The Secretary of 
Defense shall, acting through the secretaries of the military 
departments, establish'' and inserting ``Not later than 180 days after 
the date of the enactment of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
Fiscal Year 2020, the Secretary of Defense shall direct the secretaries 
of the military departments to establish''.
    (b) Additional Technology Areas.--Subsection (e) of such section is 
amended--
        (1) by redesignating paragraph (27) as paragraph (30); and
        (2) by inserting after paragraph (26) the following new 
    paragraph (27):
        ``(27) Rapid prototyping.
        ``(28) Infrastructure resilience.
        ``(29) Hypersonics.''.
    SEC. 219. EXPANSION OF COORDINATION IN SUPPORT OF NATIONAL SECURITY 
      INNOVATION AND ENTREPRENEURIAL EDUCATION.
    Section 225(e) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 2018 (Public Law 115-91; 10 U.S.C. 2359 note) is amended by adding 
at the end the following new paragraph:
        ``(18) The Lab-Embedded Entrepreneurship Programs of the 
    Department of Energy.''.
    SEC. 220. MODIFICATION OF DEFENSE QUANTUM INFORMATION SCIENCE AND 
      TECHNOLOGY RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT PROGRAM.
    Section 234 of the John S. McCain National Defense Authorization 
Act for Fiscal Year 2019 (Public Law 115-232; 10 U.S.C. 2358 note) is 
amended--
        (1) in subsection (b)--
            (A) in paragraph (2), by striking ``private sector 
        entities'' and inserting ``private sector and international 
        entities''; and
            (B) in paragraph (6), by striking ``facilities and 
        infrastructure'' and inserting ``facilities, workforce, and 
        infrastructure'';
        (2) in subsection (c)--
            (A) in paragraph (2), by striking ``quantum sciences;'' and 
        inserting ``quantum information sciences, including through 
        consultation with--
            ``(A) the National Quantum Coordination Office;
            ``(B) the subcommittee on Quantum Information Science of 
        the National Science and Technology Council;
            ``(C) other organizations and elements of the Department of 
        Defense;
            ``(D) other Federal agencies; and
            ``(E) appropriate private sector organizations;'';
            (B) by redesignating paragraphs (3) and (4) as paragraphs 
        (6) and (7), respectively;
            (C) by inserting after paragraph (2), the following new 
        paragraphs:
        ``(3) in consultation with the entities listed in paragraph 
    (2), develop plans for--
            ``(A) the development of the quantum information science 
        and technology workforce;
            ``(B) enhancing awareness of quantum information science 
        and technology;
            ``(C) reducing the risk of cybersecurity threats posed by 
        quantum information science technology; and
            ``(D) development of ethical guidelines for the use of 
        quantum information science technology;
        ``(4) in consultation with the National Institute of Standards 
    and Technology and other appropriate Federal entities, develop a 
    quantum information science taxonomy and standards and requirements 
    for quantum information technology;
        ``(5) support efforts to increase the technology readiness 
    level of quantum information science technologies under development 
    in the United States;'';
            (D) in paragraph (6), as so redesignated, by striking 
        ``quantum science'' and inserting ``quantum information 
        science''; and
            (E) in paragraph (7), as so redesignated, by striking ``for 
        meeting the long-term challenges and achieving the specific 
        technical goals'' and inserting ``for carrying out the program 
        under subsection (a)'';
        (3) by redesignating subsection (d) as subsection (e);
        (4) by inserting afer subsection (c) the following new 
    subsection (d):
    ``(d) Quantum Information Science Research Centers.--The Secretary 
of each military department may establish or designate a defense 
laboratory or establish activities to engage with appropriate public 
and private sector organizations, including academic organizations, to 
enhance and accelerate the research, development, and deployment of 
quantum information sciences and quantum information science-enabled 
technologies and systems. The Secretary of Defense shall ensure that 
not less than one such laboratory or center is established or 
designated.''; and
        (5) in paragraph (2) of subsection (e), as so redesignated--
            (A) in subparagraph (A), by inserting ``information'' 
        before ``sciences'';
            (B) in subparagraph (B),
                (i) by inserting ``information'' before ``sciences''; 
            and
                (ii) by inserting ``, including a discussion of likely 
            impacts of quantum information science and technology on 
            military capabilities'' before the period at the end;
            (C) in subparagraph (C), by inserting ``information'' 
        before ``sciences'';
            (D) by redesignating subparagraph (E) as subparagraph (F); 
        and
            (E) by striking subparagraph (D) and inserting the 
        following new subparagraphs:
            ``(D) A description of the activities carried out in 
        accordance with this section, including, for each such 
        activity--
                ``(i) a roadmap for the activity;
                ``(ii) a summary of the funding provided for the 
            activity; and
                ``(iii) an estimated timeline for the development and 
            military deployment of quantum technologies supported 
            through the activity.
            ``(E) A description of the efforts of the Department of 
        Defense to update classification and cybersecurity practices 
        relating to quantum technology, including--
                ``(i) security processes and requirements for 
            engagement with allied countries; and
                ``(ii) a plan for security-cleared government and 
            contractor workforce development.''.
    SEC. 221. UNDERSTANDING OF INVESTMENTS IN ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE 
      AND DEVELOPMENT OF CAPABILITIES BY ADVERSARIES.
    Section 238(c)(2)(I) of the John S. McCain National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2019 (Public Law 115-232) is 
amended--
        (1) in clause (i), by striking ``; and'' and inserting a 
    semicolon;
        (2) in clause (ii), by striking the period at the end and 
    inserting ``; and''; and
        (3) by adding at the end the following new clause:
                ``(iii) that appropriate entities in the Department are 
            reviewing all open source publications from both the United 
            States and outside the United States that contribute to, 
            affect, or advance--

                    ``(I) artificial intelligence research and 
                development; or
                    ``(II) the understanding of the Secretary 
                concerning the investments by adversaries of the United 
                States in artificial intelligence and the development 
                by such adversaries of capabilities relating to 
                artificial intelligence.''.

    SEC. 222. ADVISORY ROLE OF JASON SCIENTIFIC ADVISORY GROUP.
    (a) Ongoing Engagement of Certain Scientific Advisory Personnel.--
        (1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense shall seek to engage 
    the members of the independent, private scientific advisory group 
    known as ``JASON'' as advisory personnel to provide advice, on an 
    ongoing basis, on matters involving science, technology, and 
    national security, including methods to defeat existential and 
    technologically-amplified threats to national security.
        (2) Availability to other federal agencies.--At the request of 
    a Federal agency outside the Department of Defense, the Secretary 
    of Defense shall seek to make personnel engaged under paragraph (1) 
    available to such agency for the purpose of providing advice to the 
    agency on the matters described in such subsection.
    (b) Arrangement for Conduct of National Security Studies and 
Analysis.--
        (1) In general.--Pursuant to subsection (a), the Secretary of 
    Defense, acting through the Under Secretary of Defense for 
    Acquisition and Sustainment, shall seek to enter into an 
    arrangement under which JASON may provide national security 
    research studies and other analyses to the Department of Defense 
    and other Federal agencies to meet mission requirements and agency 
    needs.
        (2) Form of arrangement.--The arrangement entered into under 
    paragraph (1) shall be in a form the Under Secretary of Defense for 
    Acquisition and Sustainment determines to be appropriate for the 
    Department of Defense, which may include a contract, a grant, a 
    cooperative agreement, the use of other transaction authority under 
    section 2371 of title 10, United States Code, or another such 
    arrangement.
        (3) Timing of arrangement.--The Secretary of Defense shall seek 
    to enter into the arrangement under paragraph (1) not later than 
    120 days after the date of the enactment of this Act.
        (4) Terms of arrangement.--The arrangement entered into under 
    paragraph (1) shall--
            (A) if specifically negotiated as part of the arrangement, 
        provide for the Department of Defense to reimburse the entity 
        supporting JASON for all or a portion of the overhead costs 
        incurred in support of the arrangement;
            (B) allow Federal Government entities outside the 
        Department of Defense with responsibilities relating to 
        national security to seek to engage JASON to perform individual 
        studies relating to national security matters as part of the 
        arrangement; and
            (C) require that a Federal agency that engages JASON to 
        perform a study under the arrangement will fully fund such 
        study, including a proportional percentage to the total 
        overhead costs incurred under the arrangement.
        (5) Limitation on termination.--
            (A) In general.--The Secretary of Defense may not terminate 
        the arrangement under paragraph (1) until a period of 180 days 
        has elapsed following the date on which the Secretary--
                (i) notifies the congressional defense committees of 
            the intent of the Secretary to terminate the arrangement; 
            and
                (ii) submits the report required under subparagraph 
            (B).
            (B) Report required.--
                (i) In general.--If the Secretary of Defense determines 
            that the arrangement under paragraph (1) should be 
            terminated, the Secretary shall submit to the congressional 
            defense committees a report on the proposed termination of 
            the arrangement.
                (ii) Elements.--The report required under clause (i) 
            shall include the following:

                    (I) A summary of the execution of research projects 
                conducted by JASON over the four fiscal years preceding 
                the date of the report, including the projects 
                requested by the Department of Defense and the projects 
                requested by other Federal agencies.
                    (II) An analysis of the costs to the Department of 
                Defense of maintaining the arrangement under which 
                JASON provided national security research studies, 
                including any overhead costs incurred by the Department 
                or shared among Federal agencies over the four fiscal 
                years preceding the date of the report.
                    (III) A timeline for the potential transition or 
                termination of the activities, functions, and expertise 
                provided by JASON under the arrangement.
                    (IV) An assessment of the impact that the 
                termination of the arrangement with JASON will have on 
                defense research studies and analytical capabilities, 
                including a mitigation plan that identifies where 
                alternative and comparable scientific advice and 
                expertise is available and a comparison of the costs 
                associated with each alternative.

                (iii) Form of report.--The report required under clause 
            (i) may be submitted in unclassified or classified form.
        (6) Annual summary report.--Not later than March 1 of each year 
    beginning after the date of the enactment of this Act, the 
    Secretary of Defense shall submit to the congressional defense 
    committees a report that includes--
            (A) a summary of expenditures made under the arrangement 
        with JASON under paragraph (1); and
            (B) a summary of the studies and other activities carried 
        out by JASON pursuant to such arrangement in the preceding 
        calendar year.
    SEC. 223. DIRECT AIR CAPTURE AND BLUE CARBON REMOVAL TECHNOLOGY 
      PROGRAM.
    (a) Program Required.--
        (1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense, in coordination with 
    the Secretary of Homeland Security, the Secretary of Energy, and 
    the heads of such other Federal agencies as the Secretary of 
    Defense considers appropriate, shall carry out a program on 
    research, development, testing, evaluation, study, and 
    demonstration of technologies related to blue carbon capture and 
    direct air capture.
        (2) Program goals.--The goals of the program established under 
    paragraph (1) are as follows:
            (A) To develop technologies that capture carbon dioxide 
        from seawater and the air to turn such carbon dioxide into 
        clean fuels to enhance fuel and energy security.
            (B) To develop and demonstrate technologies that capture 
        carbon dioxide from seawater and the air to reuse such carbon 
        dioxide to create products for military uses.
            (C) To develop direct air capture technologies for use--
                (i) at military installations or facilities of the 
            Department of Defense; or
                (ii) in modes of transportation by the Navy or the 
            Coast Guard.
        (3) Phases.--The program established under paragraph (1) shall 
    be carried out in two phases as follows:
            (A) The first phase shall consist of research and 
        development and shall be carried out as described in subsection 
        (b).
            (B) The second phase shall consist of testing and 
        evaluation and shall be carried out as described in subsection 
        (c), if the Secretary determines that the results of the 
        research and development phase justify implementing the testing 
        and evaluation phase.
        (4) Designation.--The program established under paragraph (1) 
    shall be known as the ``Direct Air Capture and Blue Carbon Removal 
    Technology Program'' (in this section referred to as the 
    ``Program'').
    (b) Research and Development Phase.--
        (1) In general.--During the research and development phase of 
    the Program, the Secretary of Defense shall conduct research and 
    development in pursuit of the goals set forth in subsection (a)(2).
        (2) Direct air capture.--The research and development phase of 
    the Program may include, with respect to direct air capture, a 
    front end engineering and design study that includes an evaluation 
    of direct air capture designs to produce fuel for use--
            (A) at military installations or facilities of the 
        Department of Defense; or
            (B) in modes of transportation by the Navy or the Coast 
        Guard.
        (3) Commencement.--The Secretary shall commence carrying out 
    the research and development phase of the Program not later than 90 
    days after the date of the enactment of this Act.
        (4) Grants authorized.--The Secretary may carry out the 
    research and development phase of the Program through the award of 
    grants to private persons and eligible laboratories.
        (5) Report required.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
    the completion of the research and development phase of the 
    Program, the Secretary shall submit to Congress a report on the 
    research and development carried out under the Program.
    (c) Testing and Evaluation Phase.--
        (1) In general.--During the testing and evaluation phase of the 
    Program, the Secretary shall, in pursuit of the goals set forth in 
    subsection (a)(2), conduct tests and evaluations of the 
    technologies researched and developed during the research and 
    development phase of the Program.
        (2) Direct air capture.--The testing and evaluation phase of 
    the Program may include demonstration projects for direct air 
    capture to produce fuels for use--
            (A) at military installations or facilities of the 
        Department of Defense; or
            (B) in modes of transportation by the Navy or the Coast 
        Guard.
        (3) Commencement.--Subject to subsection (a)(3)(B), the 
    Secretary shall commence carrying out the testing and evaluation 
    phase of the Program on the date of the completion of the research 
    and development phase described in subsection (b), except that the 
    testing and evaluation phase of the Program with respect to direct 
    air capture may commence at such time after a front end engineering 
    and design study demonstrates to the Secretary that commencement of 
    such phase is appropriate.
        (4) Grants authorized.--The Secretary may carry out the testing 
    and evaluation phase of the Program through the award of grants to 
    private persons and eligible laboratories.
        (5) Locations.--The Secretary shall carry out the testing and 
    evaluation phase of the Program at military installations or 
    facilities of the Department of Defense.
        (6) Report required.--Not later than September 30, 2026, the 
    Secretary shall submit to Congress a report on the findings of the 
    Secretary with respect to the effectiveness of the technologies 
    tested and evaluated under the Program.
    (d) Definitions.--In this section:
        (1) The term ``blue carbon capture'' means the removal of 
    dissolved carbon dioxide from seawater through engineered or 
    inorganic processes, including filters, membranes, or phase change 
    systems.
        (2)(A) The term ``direct air capture'', with respect to a 
    facility, technology, or system, means that the facility, 
    technology, or system uses carbon capture equipment to capture 
    carbon dioxide directly from the air.
        (B) The term ``direct air capture'' does not include any 
    facility, technology, or system that captures carbon dioxide--
            (i) that is deliberately released from a naturally 
        occurring subsurface spring; or
            (ii) using natural photosynthesis.
        (3) The term ``eligible laboratory'' means--
            (A) a National Laboratory (as defined in section 2 of the 
        Energy Policy Act of 2005 (42 U.S.C. 15801));
            (B) a science and technology reinvention laboratory 
        designated under section 1105 of the National Defense 
        Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2010 (Public Law 111-84; 10 
        U.S.C. 2358 note);
            (C) the Major Range and Test Facility Base (as defined in 
        section 2358a(f) of title 10, United States Code); or
            (D) any other facility that supports the research, 
        development, test, and evaluation activities of the Department 
        of Defense or the Department of Energy.
    SEC. 224. REQUIRING DEFENSE MICROELECTRONICS PRODUCTS AND SERVICES 
      MEET TRUSTED SUPPLY CHAIN AND OPERATIONAL SECURITY STANDARDS.
    (a) Purchases.--To protect the United States from intellectual 
property theft and to ensure national security and public safety in the 
application of new generations of wireless network technology and 
microelectronics, beginning no later than January 1, 2023, the 
Secretary of Defense shall ensure that each microelectronics product or 
service that the Department of Defense purchases on or after such date 
meets the applicable trusted supply chain and operational security 
standards established pursuant to subsection (b), except in a case in 
which the Department seeks to purchase a microelectronics product or 
service but--
        (1) no such product or service is available for purchase that 
    meets such standards; or
        (2) no such product or service is available for purchase that--
            (A) meets such standards; and
            (B) is available at a price that the Secretary does not 
        consider prohibitively expensive.
    (b) Trusted Supply Chain and Operational Security Standards.--
        (1) Standards required.--(A) Not later than January 1, 2021, 
    the Secretary shall establish trusted supply chain and operational 
    security standards for the purchase of microelectronics products 
    and services by the Department.
        (B) For purposes of this section, a trusted supply chain and 
    operational security standard--
            (i) is a standard that systematizes best practices relevant 
        to--
                (I) manufacturing location;
                (II) company ownership;
                (III) workforce composition;
                (IV) access during manufacturing, suppliers' design, 
            sourcing, manufacturing, packaging, and distribution 
            processes;
                (V) reliability of the supply chain; and
                (VI) other matters germane to supply chain and 
            operational security; and
            (ii) is not a military standard (also known as ``MIL-STD'') 
        or a military specification (also known as ``MIL-SPEC'') for 
        microelectronics that--
                (I) specifies individual features for Department of 
            Defense microelectronics; or
                (II) otherwise inhibits the acquisition by the 
            Department of securely manufactured, commercially-available 
            products.
        (2) Consultation required.--In developing standards under 
    paragraph (1), the Secretary shall consult with the following:
            (A) The Secretary of Homeland Security, the Secretary of 
        State, the Secretary of Commerce, and the Director of the 
        National Institute of Standards and Technology.
            (B) Suppliers of microelectronics products and services 
        from the United States and allies and partners of the United 
        States.
            (C) Representatives of major United States industry sectors 
        that rely on a trusted supply chain and the operational 
        security of microelectronics products and services.
            (D) Representatives of the United States insurance 
        industry.
        (3) Tiers of trust and levels of security authorized.--In 
    carrying out paragraph (1), the Secretary may establish tiers and 
    levels of trust and security within the supply chain and 
    operational security standards for microelectronics products and 
    services.
        (4) General applicability.--The standards established pursuant 
    to paragraph (1) shall be, to the greatest extent practicable, 
    generally applicable to the trusted supply chain and operational 
    security needs and use cases of the United States Government and 
    commercial industry, such that the standards could be widely 
    adopted by government agencies, commercial industry, and allies and 
    partners of the United States as the basis for procuring 
    microelectronics products and services.
        (5) Annual review.--Not later than October 1 of each year, the 
    Secretary shall, in consultation with persons and entities set 
    forth under paragraph (2), review the standards established 
    pursuant to paragraph (1) and issue updates or modifications as the 
    Secretary considers necessary or appropriate.
    (c) Ensuring Ability to Sell Commercially.--
        (1) In general.--The Secretary shall, to the greatest extent 
    practicable, ensure that suppliers of microelectronics products and 
    services for the Department of Defense subject to subsection (a) 
    are able and incentivized to sell products commercially and to 
    governments of allies and partners of the United States that are 
    produced on the same production lines as the microelectronics 
    products supplied to the Department of Defense.
        (2) Effect of requirements and acquisitions.--The Secretary 
    shall, to the greatest extent practicable, ensure that the 
    requirements of the Department and the acquisition by the 
    Department of microelectronics enable the success of a dual-use 
    microelectronics industry.
    (d) Maintaining Competition and Innovation.--The Secretary shall 
take such actions as the Secretary considers necessary and appropriate, 
within the Secretary's authorized activities to maintain the health of 
the defense industrial base, to ensure that--
        (1) providers of microelectronics products and services that 
    meet the standards established under subsection (b) are exposed to 
    competitive market pressures to achieve competitive pricing and 
    sustained innovation; and
        (2) the industrial base of microelectronics products and 
    services that meet the standards established under subsection (b) 
    includes providers manufacturing in the United States or in 
    countries that are allies or partners of the United States.
    SEC. 225. DEVELOPMENT AND ACQUISITION STRATEGY TO PROCURE SECURE, 
      LOW PROBABILITY OF DETECTION DATA LINK NETWORK CAPABILITY.
    (a) Strategy Required.--Not later than March 1, 2020, the Chief of 
Staff of the Air Force, the Chief of Naval Operations, and the Chief of 
Staff of the Army shall jointly submit to the congressional defense 
committees a joint development and acquisition strategy to procure a 
secure, low probability of detection data link network capability, with 
the ability to effectively operate in hostile jamming environments 
while preserving the low observability characteristics of the relevant 
platforms, including both existing and planned platforms.
    (b) Network Characteristics.--The data link network capability to 
be procured pursuant to the development and acquisition strategy 
submitted under subsection (a) shall--
        (1) ensure that any network made with such capability will be 
    low risk and affordable, with minimal impact or change to existing 
    host platforms and minimal overall integration costs;
        (2) use a non-proprietary and open systems approach compatible 
    with the Rapid Capabilities Office Open Mission Systems initiative 
    of the Air Force, the Future Airborne Capability Environment 
    initiative of the Navy, and the Modular Open Systems Architecture 
    initiative of the Army; and
        (3) provide for an architecture to connect, with operationally 
    relevant throughput and latency--
            (A) fifth-generation combat aircraft;
            (B) fifth-generation and fourth-generation combat aircraft;
            (C) fifth-generation and fourth-generation combat aircraft 
        and appropriate support aircraft and other network nodes for 
        command, control, communications, intelligence, surveillance, 
        and reconnaissance purposes; and
            (D) fifth-generation and fourth-generation combat aircraft 
        and their associated network-enabled precision weapons.
    (c) Limitation.--Of the funds authorized to be appropriated by this 
Act for fiscal year 2020 for operation and maintenance for the Office 
of the Secretary of the Air Force, for operation and maintenance for 
the Office of the Secretary of the Navy, and for operations and 
maintenance for the Office of the Secretary of the Army, not more than 
50 percent may be obligated or expended until the date that is 15 days 
after the date on which the Chief of Staff of the Air Force, the Chief 
of Naval Operations, and the Chief of Staff of the Army, respectively, 
submit the development and acquisition strategy required by subsection 
(a).
    SEC. 226. ESTABLISHMENT OF SECURE NEXT-GENERATION WIRELESS NETWORK 
      (5G) INFRASTRUCTURE FOR THE NEVADA TEST AND TRAINING RANGE AND 
      BASE INFRASTRUCTURE.
    (a) Establishment Required.--Not later than one year after the date 
of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall establish 
secure fifth-generation wireless network components and capabilities at 
no fewer than two Department of Defense installations in accordance 
with this section.
    (b) Installations.--
        (1) Locations.--The Secretary shall establish components and 
    capabilities under subsection (a) at the following:
            (A) The Nevada Test and Training Range, which shall serve 
        as a Major Range and Test Facility Base (MRTFB) for fifth-
        generation wireless networking.
            (B) Such Department installations or other installations as 
        the Secretary considers appropriate for the purpose set forth 
        in paragraph (2).
        (2) Purpose.--The purpose of the establishment of components 
    and capabilities under subsection (a) at the locations described in 
    paragraph (1) of this subsection is to demonstrate the following:
            (A) The potential military utility of high bandwidth, 
        scalable, and low latency fifth-generation wireless networking 
        technology.
            (B) Advanced security technology that is applicable to 
        fifth-generation networks as well as legacy Department command 
        and control networks.
            (C) Secure interoperability with fixed and wireless systems 
        (legacy and future systems).
            (D) Enhancements such as spectrum and waveform diversity, 
        frequency hopping and spreading, and beam forming for military 
        requirements.
            (E) Technology for dynamic network slicing for specific use 
        cases and applications requiring varying levels of latency, 
        scale, and throughput.
            (F) Technology for dynamic spectrum sharing and network 
        isolation.
            (G) Base infrastructure installation of high bandwidth, 
        scalable, and low latency fifth-generation wireless networking 
        technology.
            (H) Applications for secure fifth-generation wireless 
        network capabilities for the Department, such as the following:
                (i) Interactive augmented reality or synthetic training 
            environments.
                (ii) Internet of things devices.
                (iii) Autonomous systems.
                (iv) Advanced manufacturing through the following:

                    (I) Department-sponsored centers for manufacturing 
                innovation (as defined in section 34(c) of the National 
                Institute of Standards and Technology Act (15 U.S.C. 
                278s(c))).
                    (II) Department research and development 
                organizations.
                    (III) Manufacturers in the defense industrial base 
                of the United States.

    SEC. 227. ADMINISTRATION OF MANUFACTURING INNOVATION INSTITUTES 
      FUNDED BY THE DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE.
    (a) In General.--The Secretary of Defense shall make such changes 
to the administration of covered institutes so as--
        (1) to encourage covered institutes to leverage existing 
    workforce development programs across the Federal Government and 
    State governments in order to build successful workforce 
    development programs;
        (2) to develop metrics to evaluate the workforce development 
    performed by the covered institutes, including metrics on job 
    quality, career pathways, wages and benefits, and efforts to 
    support veterans, and progress in aligning workforce skillsets with 
    the current and long-term needs of the Department of Defense and 
    the defense industrial base;
        (3) to allow metrics to vary between covered institutes and be 
    updated and evaluated continuously in order to more accurately 
    evaluate covered institutes with different goals and missions;
        (4) to encourage covered institutes to consider developing 
    technologies that were previously funded by Federal Government 
    investment for early-stage research and development and expand 
    cross-government coordination and collaboration to achieve this 
    goal;
        (5) to provide an opportunity for increased Department of 
    Defense input and oversight from senior-level military and civilian 
    personnel on future technology roadmaps produced by covered 
    institutes;
        (6) to reduce the barriers to collaboration between and among 
    multiple covered institutes;
        (7) to use contracting vehicles that can increase flexibility, 
    reduce barriers for contracting with subject-matter experts and 
    small and medium enterprises, enhance partnerships between covered 
    institutes, and reduce the time to award contracts at covered 
    institutes; and
        (8) to overcome barriers to the adoption of manufacturing 
    processes and technologies developed by the covered institutes by 
    the defense and commercial industrial base, particularly small and 
    medium enterprises, by engaging with public and private sector 
    partnerships and appropriate government programs and activities, 
    including the Hollings Manufacturing Extension Partnership.
    (b) Coordination With Other Activities.--The Secretary shall carry 
out this section in coordination with activities undertaken under--
        (1) the Manufacturing Technology Program established under 
    section 2521 of title 10, United States Code;
        (2) the Manufacturing Engineering Education Program established 
    under section 2196 of such title;
        (3) the Defense Manufacturing Community Support Program 
    established under section 846 of the John S. McCain National 
    Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2019 (Public Law 115-
    232);
        (4) manufacturing initiatives of the Secretary of Commerce, the 
    head of the National Office of the Manufacturing USA Network, the 
    Secretary of Energy, and such other government and private sector 
    organizations as the Secretary of Defense considers appropriate; 
    and
        (5) such other activities as the Secretary considers 
    appropriate.
    (c) Definition of Covered Institute.--In this section, the term 
``covered institute'' means a manufacturing innovation institute that 
is funded by the Department of Defense.
    SEC. 228. RESEARCH PROGRAM ON FOREIGN MALIGN INFLUENCE OPERATIONS.
    (a) Program Authorized.--The Secretary of Defense, acting through 
the Under Secretary of Defense for Research and Engineering, may carry 
out a research program on foreign malign influence operations as part 
of the university research programs of the Department of Defense.
    (b) Program Objectives.--The objectives of a research program 
carried out under subsection (a) should include the following:
        (1) Enhance the understanding of foreign malign influence 
    operations, including activities conducted on social media 
    platforms.
        (2) Facilitate the analysis of publicly available or 
    voluntarily provided indicators of foreign malign influence 
    operations.
        (3) Promote collaborative research and information exchange 
    with relevant entities within the Department of Defense and with 
    other agencies or nongovernmental organizations relating to foreign 
    malign influence operations, as appropriate.
    (c) Notice to Congress.--Not later than 30 days before initiating a 
research program under subsection (a), the Secretary of Defense shall 
submit to the congressional defense committees notice of the intent of 
the Secretary to initiate such a program, which shall include--
        (1) a detailed description of the program and any related 
    research activities;
        (2) the estimated cost and duration of the program; and
        (3) any other matters the Secretary determines to be relevant.
    SEC. 229. DIVERSIFICATION OF THE RESEARCH AND ENGINEERING WORKFORCE 
      OF THE DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE.
    (a) Assessment Required.--
        (1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense, acting through the 
    Under Secretary of Defense for Research and Engineering and in 
    consultation with the Under Secretary of Defense for Personnel and 
    Readiness, shall conduct an assessment of critical skillsets 
    required across, and the diversity of, the research and engineering 
    workforce of the Department of Defense, including the science and 
    technology reinvention laboratories, to support emerging and future 
    warfighter technologies.
        (2) Elements.--The assessment required by paragraph (1) shall 
    include analysis of the following:
            (A) The percentage of women and minorities employed in the 
        research and engineering workforce of the Department of Defense 
        as of the date of the assessment.
            (B) Of the individuals hired into the research and 
        engineering workforce of the Department in the five years 
        preceding the date of the assessment, the percentage of such 
        individuals who are women and minorities.
            (C) The effectiveness of existing hiring, recruitment, and 
        retention incentives for women and minorities in the research 
        and engineering workforce of the Department.
            (D) The effectiveness of the Department in recruiting women 
        and minorities into the laboratory workforce after such 
        individuals complete work on Department-funded research, 
        projects, grant projects, fellowships, and STEM programs.
            (E) The geographical diversity of the workforce across 
        various geographic regions.
    (b) Plan Required.--
        (1) In general.--Based on the results of the assessment 
    conducted under subsection (a), the Secretary of Defense, acting 
    through the Under Secretary of Defense for Research and Engineering 
    and in consultation with the Secretaries of the military 
    departments, shall develop and implement a plan to diversify and 
    strengthen the research and engineering workforce of the Department 
    of Defense.
        (2) Elements.--The plan required by paragraph (1) shall--
            (A) align with science and technology strategy priorities 
        of the Department of Defense, including the emerging and future 
        warfighter technology requirements identified by the 
        Department;
            (B) except as provided in subsection (c)(2), set forth 
        steps for the implementation of each recommendation included in 
        the 2013 report of the RAND corporation titled ``First Steps 
        Toward Improving DoD STEM Workforce Diversity'';
            (C) harness the full range of the Department's STEM 
        programs and other Department sponsored programs to develop and 
        attract top talent;
            (D) use existing authorities to attract and retain 
        students, academics, and other talent;
            (E) establish and use contracts, agreements, or other 
        arrangements with institutions of higher education (as defined 
        in section 101 of the Higher Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 
        1001)), including historically black colleges and universities 
        and other minority-serving institutions (as described in 
        section 371(a) of such Act (20 U.S.C. 1067q(a)) to enable easy 
        and efficient access to research and researchers for Government 
        sponsored basic and applied research and studies at each 
        institution, including contracts, agreements, and other 
        authorized arrangements such as those authorized under--
                (i) section 217 of the National Defense Authorization 
            Act for Fiscal Year 2018 (Public Law 115-91; 10 U.S.C. 2358 
            note); and
                (ii) such other authorities as the Secretary determines 
            to be appropriate; and
            (F) include recommendations for changes in authorities, 
        regulations, policies, or any other relevant areas that would 
        support the achievement of the goals set forth in the plan.
        (3) Submittal to congress.--Not later than one year after the 
    date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall 
    submit to the congressional defense committees a report that 
    includes--
            (A) the plan developed under paragraph (1); and
            (B) with respect to each recommendation described in 
        paragraph (2)(B) that the Secretary has implemented or expects 
        to implement--
                (i) a summary of actions that have been taken to 
            implement the recommendation; and
                (ii) a schedule, with specific milestones, for 
            completing the implementation of the recommendation.
    (c) Deadline for Implementation.--
        (1) In general.--Except as provided in paragraph (2), not later 
    than 18 months after the date of the enactment of this Act the 
    Secretary of Defense shall carry out activities to implement the 
    plan developed under subsection (b).
        (2) Exception for implementation of certain recommendations.--
            (A) Delayed implementation.--The Secretary of Defense may 
        commence implementation of a recommendation described in 
        subsection (b)(2)(B) after the date specified in paragraph (1) 
        if the Secretary provides the congressional defense committees 
        with a specific justification for the delay in implementation 
        of such recommendation on or before such date.
            (B) Nonimplementation.--The Secretary of Defense may opt 
        not to implement a recommendation described in subsection 
        (b)(2)(B) if the Secretary provides to the congressional 
        defense committees, on or before the date specified in 
        paragraph (1)--
                (i) a specific justification for the decision not to 
            implement the recommendation; and
                (ii) a summary of the alternative actions the Secretary 
            plans to take to address the issues underlying the 
            recommendation.
    (d) STEM Defined.--In this section, the term ``STEM'' means 
science, technology, engineering, and mathematics.
    SEC. 230. POLICY ON THE TALENT MANAGEMENT OF DIGITAL EXPERTISE AND 
      SOFTWARE PROFESSIONALS.
    (a) Policy.--
        (1) In general.--It shall be a policy of the Department of 
    Defense to promote and maintain digital expertise and software 
    development as core competencies of civilian and military 
    workforces of the Department, and as a capability to support the 
    National Defense Strategy, which policy shall be achieved by--
            (A) the recruitment, development, and incentivization of 
        retention in and to the civilian and military workforce of the 
        Department of individuals with aptitude, experience, proficient 
        expertise, or a combination thereof in digital expertise and 
        software development;
            (B) at the discretion of the Secretaries of the military 
        departments, the development and maintenance of civilian and 
        military career tracks related to digital expertise, and 
        related digital competencies for members of the Armed Forces, 
        including the development and maintenance of training, 
        education, talent management, incentives, and promotion 
        policies in support of members at all levels of such career 
        tracks; and
            (C) the development and application of appropriate 
        readiness standards and metrics to measure and report on the 
        overall capability, capacity, utilization, and readiness of 
        digital engineering professionals to develop and deliver 
        operational capabilities and employ modern business practices.
        (2) Digital engineering defined.--For purposes of this section, 
    the term ``digital engineering'' means the discipline and set of 
    skills involved in the creation, processing, transmission, 
    integration, and storage of digital data, including data science, 
    machine learning, software engineering, software product 
    management, and artificial intelligence product management.
    (b) Implementation Plan.--Not later than May 1, 2020, the Secretary 
of Defense shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the 
Senate and the House of Representatives a plan that describes how the 
Department of Defense will execute the policy described in subsection 
(a).
    (c) Responsibility.--
        (1) Appointment of officer.--Not later than 270 days after the 
    date of enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense may appoint 
    a civilian official responsible for the development and 
    implementation of the policy and implementation plan set forth in 
    subsections (a) and (b), respectively. The official shall be known 
    as the ``Chief Digital Engineering Recruitment and Management 
    Officer of the Department of Defense''.
        (2) Expiration of appointment.--The appointment of the Officer 
    under paragraph (1) shall expire on September 30, 2024.
    SEC. 231. DIGITAL ENGINEERING CAPABILITY TO AUTOMATE TESTING AND 
      EVALUATION.
    (a) Digital Engineering Capability.--
        (1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense shall establish a 
    digital engineering capability to be used--
            (A) for the development and deployment of digital 
        engineering models for use in the defense acquisition process; 
        and
            (B) to provide testing infrastructure and software to 
        support automated approaches for testing, evaluation, and 
        deployment throughout the defense acquisition process.
        (2) Requirements.--The capability developed under subsection 
    (a) shall meet the following requirements:
            (A) The capability will be accessible to, and useable by, 
        individuals throughout the Department of Defense who have 
        responsibilities relating to capability design, development, 
        testing, evaluation, and operation.
            (B) The capability will provide for the development, 
        validation, use, curation, and maintenance of technically 
        accurate digital systems, models of systems, subsystems, and 
        their components, at the appropriate level of fidelity to 
        ensure that test activities adequately simulate the environment 
        in which a system will be deployed.
            (C) The capability will include software to automate 
        testing throughout the program life cycle, including to satisfy 
        developmental test requirements and operational test 
        requirements. Such software may be developed in accordance with 
        the authorities provided under section 800, and shall support--
                (i) security testing that includes vulnerability 
            scanning and penetration testing performed by individuals, 
            including threat-based red team exploitations and 
            assessments with zero-trust assumptions; and
                (ii) high-confidence distribution of software to the 
            field on a time-bound, repeatable, frequent, and iterative 
            basis.
    (b) Demonstration Activities.--
        (1) In general.--In developing the capability required under 
    subsection (a), the Secretary of Defense shall carry out activities 
    to demonstrate digital engineering approaches to automated testing 
    that--
            (A) enable continuous software development and delivery;
            (B) satisfy developmental test requirements for the 
        software-intensive programs of the Department of Defense; and
            (C) satisfy operational test and evaluation requirements 
        for such programs.
        (2) Program selection.--Not later than 180 days after the date 
    of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall assess 
    and select not fewer than four and not more than ten programs of 
    the Department of Defense to participate in the demonstration 
    activities under paragraph (1), including--
            (A) at least one program participating in the pilot program 
        authorized under section 873 of the National Defense 
        Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2018 (Public Law 115-91; 10 
        U.S.C. 2223a note);
            (B) at least one program participating in the pilot program 
        authorized under section 874 of such Act (Public Law 115-91; 10 
        U.S.C. 2302 note);
            (C) at least one major defense acquisition program (as 
        defined in section 2430 of title 10, United States Code);
            (D) at least one command and control program;
            (E) at least one defense business system (as defined in 
        section 2222(i) of title 10, United States Code); and
            (F) at least one program from each military service.
        (3) Additional requirements.--As part of the demonstration 
    activities under paragraph (1), the Secretary shall--
            (A) conduct a comparative analysis that assesses the risks 
        and benefits of the digital engineering supported automated 
        testing approaches of the programs participating in the 
        demonstration activities relative to traditional testing 
        approaches that are not supported by digital engineering;
            (B) ensure that the intellectual property strategy for each 
        of the programs participating in the demonstration activities 
        is best aligned to meet the goals of the program; and
            (C) develop a workforce and infrastructure plan to support 
        any new policies and guidance implemented in connection with 
        the demonstration activities, including any policies and 
        guidance implemented after the completion of such activities.
    (c) Policies and Guidance Required.--Not later than one year after 
the date of the enactment of this Act, based on the results of the 
demonstration activities carried out under subsection (b), the 
Secretary of Defense shall issue or modify policies and guidance to--
        (1) promote the use of digital engineering capabilities for 
    development and for automated testing; and
        (2) address roles, responsibilities, and procedures relating to 
    such capabilities.
    (d) Steering Committee.--
        (1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense shall establish a 
    steering committee to assist the Secretary in carrying out 
    subsections (a) through (c).
        (2) Membership.--The steering committee shall be composed of 
    the following members or their designees:
            (A) The Under Secretary of Defense for Research and 
        Engineering.
            (B) The Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and 
        Sustainment.
            (C) The Chief Information Officer.
            (D) The Director of Operational Test and Evaluation.
            (E) The Director of Cost Assessment and Program Evaluation.
            (F) The Service Acquisition Executives.
            (G) The Service testing commands.
            (H) The Director of the Defense Digital Service.
    (e) Reports Required.--
        (1) Implementation.--Not later than March 15, 2020, the 
    Secretary of Defense shall submit to the congressional defense 
    committees a report on the progress of the Secretary in 
    implementing subsections (a) through (c). The report shall include 
    an explanation of how the results of the demonstration activities 
    carried out under subsection (b) will be incorporated into the 
    policy and guidance required under subsection (c), particularly the 
    policy and guidance of the members of the steering committee 
    established under subsection (d).
        (2) Legislative recommendations.--Not later than October 15, 
    2020, the Secretary of Defense shall provide to the congressional 
    defense committees a briefing that identifies any changes to 
    existing law that may be necessary to facilitate the implementation 
    of subsections (a) through (c).
    (f) Independent Assessment.--
        (1) In general.--Not later than March 15, 2021, the Defense 
    Innovation Board and the Defense Science Board shall jointly 
    complete an independent assessment of the progress of the Secretary 
    in implementing subsections (a) through (c). The Secretary of 
    Defense shall ensure that the Defense Innovation Board and the 
    Defense Science Board have access to the resources, data, and 
    information necessary to complete the assessment.
        (2) Information to congress.--Not later than 30 days after the 
    date on which the assessment under paragraph (1) is completed, the 
    Defense Innovation Board and the Defense Science Board shall 
    jointly provide to the congressional defense committees--
            (A) a report summarizing the assessment; and
            (B) a briefing on the findings of the assessment.
    SEC. 232. PROCESS TO ALIGN POLICY FORMULATION AND EMERGING 
      TECHNOLOGY DEVELOPMENT.
    (a) Alignment of Policy and Technological Development.--Not later 
than 180 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, the 
Secretary of Defense shall establish a process to ensure that the 
policies of the Department of Defense relating to emerging technology 
are formulated and updated continuously as such technology is developed 
by the Department.
    (b) Elements.--As part of the process established under subsection 
(a), the Secretary shall--
        (1) specify the role of each covered official in ensuring that 
    the formulation of policies relating to emerging technology is 
    carried out concurrently with the development of such technology; 
    and
        (2) incorporate procedures for the continuous legal review of--
            (A) weapons and other defense systems that incorporate or 
        use emerging technology; and
            (B) treaties that may be affected by such technology.
    (c) Briefing Required.--Not later than 30 days after the date on 
which the Secretary of Defense establishes the process required under 
subsection (a), the Secretary shall provide to the congressional 
defense committees a briefing on such process.
    (d) Definitions.--In this section:
        (1) The term ``covered official'' means the following:
            (A) The Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff.
            (B) The Under Secretary of Defense for Research and 
        Engineering.
            (C) The Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and 
        Sustainment.
            (D) The Under Secretary of Defense for Policy.
            (E) The commanders of combatant commands with 
        responsibilities involving the use of weapons or other defense 
        systems that incorporate or use emerging technology, as 
        determined by the Secretary of Defense.
            (F) The Secretaries of the military departments.
        (2) The term ``emerging technology'' means technology 
    determined to be in an emerging phase of development by the 
    Secretary of Defense, including quantum computing, technology for 
    the analysis of large and diverse sets of data (commonly known as 
    ``big data analytics''), artificial intelligence, autonomous 
    technology, robotics, directed energy, hypersonics, biotechnology, 
    and such other technology as may be identified by the Secretary.
    SEC. 233. IMPROVEMENT OF THE STRATEGIC CAPABILITIES OFFICE OF THE 
      DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE.
    (a) Organization.--
        (1) Authority of deputy secretary of defense.--The Deputy 
    Secretary of Defense shall exercise authority and direction over 
    the Strategic Capabilities Office of the Department of Defense 
    (referred to in this section as the ``Office'').
        (2) Authority of director.--The Director of the Office shall 
    report directly to the Deputy Secretary of Defense.
        (3) Delegation.--In exercising authority and direction over the 
    Office under subsection (a), the Deputy Secretary of Defense may 
    delegate administrative, management, and other duties to the 
    Director of the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency, as 
    needed, to effectively and efficiently execute the mission of the 
    Office.
    (b) Cross-functional Teams.--
        (1) Establishment.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
    enactment of this Act, the Deputy Secretary of Defense shall 
    establish the following cross-functional teams to improve the 
    effectiveness of the Office:
            (A) A transition cross-functional team to improve the 
        efficiency and effectiveness with which the programs of the 
        Office may be transitioned into--
                (i) research and development programs of the military 
            services and other agencies of the Department of Defense; 
            and
                (ii) programs of such services and agencies in 
            operational use.
            (B) A technical cross functional team to improve the 
        continuous technical assessment and review of the programs of 
        the Office during program selection and execution.
        (2) Membership.--The Deputy Secretary of Defense shall select 
    individuals to serve on the cross-functional teams described in 
    paragraph (1) from among individuals in the defense research and 
    engineering enterprise, acquisition community, Joint Staff, 
    combatant commands, and other organizations, as determined to be 
    appropriate by the Deputy Secretary.
    SEC. 234. PILOT PROGRAM ON ENHANCED CIVICS EDUCATION.
    (a) In General.--The Secretary of Defense, in consultation with the 
Secretary of Education, shall carry out a pilot program under which the 
Secretary provides enhanced educational support and funding to eligible 
entities to improve civics education programs taught by such entities.
    (b) Purpose.--The purpose of the pilot program is to provide 
enhanced civics education on the following topics:
        (1) Critical thinking and media literacy.
        (2) Voting and other forms of political and civic engagement.
        (3) Interest in employment, and careers, in public service.
        (4) Understanding of United States law, history, and 
    Government.
        (5) The ability of participants to collaborate and compromise 
    with others to solve problems.
    (c) Considerations.--In carrying out the pilot program, the 
Secretary of Defense shall consider innovative approaches for improving 
civics education.
    (d) Metrics and Evaluations.--The Secretary of Defense shall 
establish metrics and undertake evaluations to determine the 
effectiveness of the pilot program, including each of the activities 
carried out under subsection (e).
    (e) Types of Support Authorized.--Under the pilot program the 
Secretary of Defense--
        (1) shall provide support to eligible entities to address, at a 
    minimum--
            (A) the development or modification of curricula relating 
        to civics education;
            (B) classroom activities, thesis projects, individual or 
        team projects, internships, or community service activities 
        relating to civics;
            (C) collaboration with government entities, nonprofit 
        organizations, or consortia of such entities and organizations 
        to provide participants with civics-related experiences;
            (D) civics-related faculty development programs;
            (E) recruitment of educators who are highly qualified in 
        civics education to teach civics or to assist with the 
        development of curricula for civics education;
            (F) presentation of seminars, workshops, and training for 
        the development of skills associated with civic engagement;
            (G) activities that enable participants to interact with 
        government officials and entities;
            (H) expansion of civics education programs and outreach for 
        members of the Armed Forces, dependents and children of such 
        members, and employees of the Department of Defense; and
            (I) opportunities for participants to obtain work 
        experience in fields relating to civics; and
        (2) may provide any other form of support the Secretary 
    determines to be appropriate to enhance the civics education taught 
    by eligible entities.
    (f) Report.--Not later than 180 days after the conclusion of the 
first full academic year during which the pilot program is carried out, 
the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the congressional defense 
committees a report that includes--
        (1) a description of the pilot program, including the a 
    description of the specific activities carried out under subsection 
    (e); and
        (2) the metrics and evaluations used to assess the 
    effectiveness of the program as required under subsection (d).
    (g) Definitions.--In this section:
        (1) The term ``civics education program'' means an educational 
    program that provides participants with--
            (A) knowledge of law, government, and the rights of 
        citizens; and
            (B) skills that enable participants to responsibly 
        participate in democracy.
        (2) The term ``eligible entity'' means any of following:
            (A) A local education agency that hosts a unit of the 
        Junior Reserve Officers' Training Corps.
            (B) A school operated by the Department of Defense 
        Education Activity.
    SEC. 235. TECHNOLOGY AND NATIONAL SECURITY FELLOWSHIP.
    (a) Fellowship Program.--
        (1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense, acting through the 
    Under Secretary of Defense for Research and Engineering, may 
    establish a civilian fellowship program designed to place eligible 
    individuals within the Department of Defense and Congress to 
    increase the number of national security professionals with 
    science, technology, engineering, and mathematics credentials 
    employed by the Department.
        (2) Designation.--The fellowship program established under 
    paragraph (1) shall be known as the ``Technology and National 
    Security Fellowship'' (in this section referred to as the ``fellows 
    program'').
        (3) Assignments.--Each individual selected for participation in 
    the fellows program shall be assigned to a one year position 
    within--
            (A) the Department of Defense; or
            (B) a congressional office with emphasis on defense and 
        national security matters.
        (4) Pay and benefits.--To the extent practicable, each 
    individual assigned to a position under paragraph (3)--
            (A) shall be compensated at a rate of basic pay that is 
        equivalent to the rate of basic pay payable for a position at 
        level 10 of the General Schedule; and
            (B) shall be treated as an employee of the United States 
        during the assignment.
    (b) Eligible Individuals.--
        (1) Eligibility for dod assignment.--Subject to subsection (e), 
    an individual eligible for an assignment in the Department of 
    Defense under subsection (a)(3)(A) is an individual who--
            (A) is a citizen of the United States; and
            (B) either--
                (i) expects to be awarded a bachelor's degree, 
            associate's degree, or graduate degree that, as determined 
            by the Secretary, focuses on science, technology, 
            engineering, or mathematics course work not later than 180 
            days after the date on which the individual submits an 
            application for participation in the fellows program;
                (ii) possesses a bachelor's degree, associate's degree, 
            or graduate degree that, as determined by the Secretary, 
            focuses on science, technology, engineering, or mathematics 
            course work; or
                (iii) is an employee of the Department of Defense and 
            possesses a bachelor's degree, associate's degree, or 
            graduate degree that, as determined by the Secretary, 
            focuses on science, technology, engineering, or mathematics 
            course work.
        (2) Eligibility for congressional assignment.--Subject to 
    subsection (e), an individual eligible for an assignment in a 
    congressional office under subsection (a)(3)(B) is an individual 
    who--
            (A) meets the requirements specified in paragraph (1); and
            (B) has not less than 3 years of relevant work experience 
        in the field of science, technology, engineering, or 
        mathematics.
    (c) Application.--Each individual seeking to participate in the 
fellows program shall submit to the Secretary an application therefor 
at such time and in such manner as the Secretary shall specify.
    (d) Coordination.--In carrying out this section, the Secretary may 
consider working through the following entities:
        (1) The National Security Innovation Network.
        (2) Universities.
        (3) Science and technology reinvention laboratories and test 
    and evaluation centers of the Department of Defense.
        (4) Other organizations of the Department of Defense or public 
    and private sector organizations, as determined appropriate by the 
    Secretary.
    (e) Modifications to Fellows Program.--The Secretary may modify the 
terms and procedures of the fellows program in order to better achieve 
the goals of the program and to support workforce needs of the 
Department of Defense.
    (f) Consultation.--The Secretary may consult with the heads of the 
agencies, components, and other elements of the Department of Defense, 
Members and committees of Congress, and such institutions of higher 
education and private entities engaged in work on national security and 
emerging technologies as the Secretary considers appropriate for 
purposes of the fellows program, including with respect to assignments 
in the fellows program.
    SEC. 236. DOCUMENTATION RELATING TO THE ADVANCED BATTLE MANAGEMENT 
      SYSTEM.
    (a) Documentation Required.--Not later than the date specified in 
subsection (b), the Secretary of the Air Force shall submit to the 
congressional defense committees the following documentation relating 
to the Advanced Battle Management System:
        (1) A list that identifies each program, project, and activity 
    that contributes to the architecture of the Advanced Battle 
    Management System.
        (2) The final analysis of alternatives for the Advanced Battle 
    Management System.
        (3) The requirements for the networked data architecture 
    necessary for the Advanced Battle Management System to provide 
    multidomain command and control and battle management capabilities 
    and a development schedule for such architecture.
    (b) Date Specified.--The date specified in this subsection is the 
earlier of--
        (1) the date that is 180 days after the date on which the final 
    analysis of alternatives for the Advanced Battle Management System 
    is completed; or
        (2) June 1, 2020.
    (c) Advanced Battle Management System Defined.--In this section, 
the term ``Advanced Battle Management System'' means the Advanced 
Battle Management System of Systems capability of the Air Force, 
including each program, project, and activity that contributes to such 
capability.
    SEC. 237. SENSOR DATA INTEGRATION FOR FIFTH GENERATION AIRCRAFT.
    (a) F-35 Sensor Data.--The Secretary of Defense shall ensure that--
        (1) information collected by the passive and active on-board 
    sensors of the F-35 Joint Strike Fighter aircraft is capable of 
    being shared, in real time, with joint service users in cases in 
    which the Joint Force Commander determines that sharing such 
    information would be operationally advantageous; and
        (2) the Secretary has developed achievable, effective, and 
    suitable concepts and supporting technical architectures to 
    collect, store, manage, and disseminate information collected by 
    such sensors.
    (b) GAO Study and Report.--
        (1) Study.--The Comptroller General of the United States shall 
    conduct a study of the sensor data collection and dissemination 
    capability of fifth generation aircraft of the Department of 
    Defense.
        (2) Elements.--The study required by paragraph (1) shall 
    include an assessment of the following--
            (A) the extent to which the Department has established 
        doctrinal, organizational, or technological methods of managing 
        the large amount of sensor data that is currently collected and 
        which may be collected by existing and planned advanced fifth 
        generation aircraft;
            (B) the status of the existing sensor data collection, 
        storage, dissemination, and management capability and capacity 
        of fifth generation aircraft, including the F-35, the F-22, and 
        the B-21; and
            (C) the ability of the F-35 aircraft and other fifth 
        generation aircraft to share information collected by the 
        aircraft in real-time with other joint service users as 
        described in subsection (a)(1).
        (3) Study results.--
            (A) Interim briefing.--Not later than 180 days after the 
        date of the enactment of this Act, the Comptroller General 
        shall provide to the congressional defense committees a 
        briefing on the preliminary findings of the study conducted 
        under this subsection.
            (B) Final results.--The Comptroller General shall provide 
        the final results of the study conducted under this subsection 
        to the congressional defense committees at such time and in 
        such format as is mutually agreed upon by the committees and 
        the Comptroller General at the time of the briefing under 
        subparagraph (A).
    SEC. 238. SENSE OF CONGRESS ON FUTURE VERTICAL LIFT TECHNOLOGIES.
    It is the sense of Congress that the Army should continue to invest 
in research, development, test, and evaluation programs to mature 
future vertical lift technologies, including programs to improve pilot 
situational awareness, increase flight operations safety, and reduce 
operation and maintenance costs.
    SEC. 239. USE OF FUNDS FOR STRATEGIC ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH 
      PROGRAM, ENVIRONMENTAL SECURITY TECHNICAL CERTIFICATION PROGRAM, 
      AND OPERATIONAL ENERGY CAPABILITY IMPROVEMENT.
    Of the funds authorized to be appropriated for fiscal year 2020 for 
the use of the Department of Defense for research, development, test, 
and evaluation, as specified in the funding table in section 4201 for 
the Strategic Environmental Research Program, Operational Energy 
Capability Improvement, and the Environmental Security Technical 
Certification Program, the Secretary of Defense shall, acting through 
the Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment, expend 
amounts as follows:
        (1) Not less than $10,000,000 on the development and 
    demonstration of long duration on-site energy battery storage for 
    distributed energy assets.
        (2) Not less than $10,000,000 on the development, 
    demonstration, and validation of non-fluorine based firefighting 
    foams.
        (3) Not less than $10,000,000 on the development, 
    demonstration, and validation of secure microgrids for both 
    installations and forward operating bases.
        (4) Not less than $1,000,000 on the development, demonstration, 
    and validation of technologies that can harvest potable water from 
    air.
    SEC. 240. LIMITATION AND REPORT ON INDIRECT FIRE PROTECTION 
      CAPABILITY INCREMENT 2 CAPABILITY.
    (a) Limitation and Report on Indirect Fire Protection Capability 
Increment 2.--Not more than 50 percent of the funds authorized to be 
appropriated by this Act or otherwise made available for fiscal year 
2020 for the Army may be obligated or expended for research, 
development, test, and evaluation for the Indirect Fire Protection 
Capability Increment 2 capability until the Secretary of the Army 
submits to the congressional defense committees a report on the 
Indirect Fire Protection Capability Increment 2 program that contains 
the following:
        (1) An assessment of whether the requirements previously 
    established for the enduring program meet the anticipated threat at 
    the time of planned initial operating capability and fully 
    operating capability.
        (2) A list of candidate systems considered to meet the Indirect 
    Fire Protection Capability Increment 2 enduring requirement, 
    including those fielded or in development by the Army and other 
    elements of the Department of Defense.
        (3) An assessment of each candidate system's capability against 
    representative threats.
        (4) An assessment of other relevant specifications of each 
    candidate system, including cost of development, cost per round if 
    applicable, technological maturity, and logistics and sustainment.
        (5) A plan for how the Army will integrate the chosen system or 
    systems into the Integrated Air and Missile Defense Battle Command 
    System.
        (6) An assessment of the results of the performance, test, 
    evaluation, integration, and interoperability of batteries one and 
    two of the interim solution.
    (b) Notification Required.--Not later than 10 days after the date 
on which the President submits the annual budget request of the 
President for fiscal year 2021 pursuant to section 1105 of title 31, 
United States Code, the Secretary of the Defense shall, without 
delegation, submit to the congressional defense committees a 
notification identifying the military services or agencies that will be 
responsible for the conduct of air and missile defense in support of 
joint campaigns as it applies to defense against current and emerging 
missile threats. The notification shall identify the applicable 
programs of record to address such threats, including each class of 
cruise missile threat.

             Subtitle C--Plans, Reports, and Other Matters

    SEC. 251. MASTER PLAN FOR IMPLEMENTATION OF AUTHORITIES RELATING TO 
      SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY REINVENTION LABORATORIES.
    (a) Plan Required.--The Secretary of Defense, jointly with the 
Secretaries of the military departments and in consultation with the 
Under Secretary of Defense for Research and Engineering, shall develop 
a master plan for using existing authorities to strengthen and 
modernize the workforce and capabilities of the science and technology 
reinvention laboratories of the Department of Defense (referred to in 
this section as the ``laboratories'') to enhance the ability of the 
laboratories to execute missions in the most efficient and effective 
manner.
    (b) Elements.--The master plan required under subsection (a) shall 
include, with respect to the laboratories, the following:
        (1) A summary of hiring and staffing deficiencies at 
    laboratories, by location, and the effect of such deficiencies on 
    the ability of the laboratories--
            (A) to meet existing and future requirements of the 
        Department of Defense; and
            (B) to recruit and retain qualified personnel.
        (2) A summary of existing and emerging military research, 
    development, test, and evaluation mission areas requiring the use 
    of the laboratories.
        (3) An explanation of the laboratory staffing capabilities 
    required for each mission area identified under paragraph (2).
        (4) Identification of specific projects, including hiring 
    efforts and management reforms, that will be carried out--
            (A) to address the deficiencies identified in paragraph 
        (1); and
            (B) to support the existing and emerging mission areas 
        identified in paragraph (2).
        (5) For each project identified under paragraph (4)--
            (A) a summary of the plan for the project;
            (B) a description of the resources that will be applied to 
        the project; and
            (C) a schedule of required investments that will be made as 
        part of the project.
        (6) A description of how the Department, including each 
    military department concerned, will carry out the projects 
    identified in paragraph (4) using existing authorities.
        (7) Identification of any statutory, regulatory, or management-
    related barriers to implementing the master plan and a description 
    of policy and legislative options that may be applied to address 
    such barriers.
    (c) Consultation.--In developing the master plan required under 
subsection (a), the Secretary of Defense, the Secretaries of the 
military departments, and the Under Secretary of Defense for Research 
and Engineering shall consult with--
        (1) the Service Acquisition Executives with responsibilities 
    relevant to the laboratories;
        (2) the commander of each military command with 
    responsibilities relating to research and engineering that is 
    affected by the master plan; and
        (3) any other officials determined to be relevant by the 
    Secretary of Defense, the Secretaries of the military departments, 
    and the Under Secretary of Defense for Research and Engineering.
    (d) Final Report.--Not later than October 30, 2020, the Secretary 
of Defense, jointly with the Secretaries of the military departments 
and in consultation with the Under Secretary of Defense for Research 
and Engineering, shall submit to the congressional defense committees--
        (1) the master plan developed under subsection (a);
        (2) a report on the activities carried out under this section; 
    and
        (3) a report that identifies any barriers that prevent the full 
    use and implementation of existing authorities, including any 
    barriers presented by the policies, authorities, and activities 
    of--
            (A) organizations and elements of the Department of 
        Defense; and
            (B) organizations outside the Department.
    SEC. 252. INFRASTRUCTURE TO SUPPORT RESEARCH, DEVELOPMENT, TEST, 
      AND EVALUATION MISSIONS.
    (a) Master Plan Required.--The Secretary of Defense, acting through 
the Under Secretary of Defense for Research and Engineering and in 
coordination with the Secretaries of the military departments, shall 
develop and implement a master plan that addresses the research, 
development, test, and evaluation infrastructure and modernization 
requirements of the Department of Defense, including the science and 
technology reinvention laboratories and the facilities of the Major 
Range and Test Facility Base.
    (b) Elements.--The master plan required under subsection (a) shall 
include, with respect to the research, development, test, and 
evaluation infrastructure of the Department of Defense, the following:
        (1) A summary of deficiencies in the infrastructure, by 
    location, and the effect of the deficiencies on the ability of the 
    Department--
            (A) to meet current and future military requirements 
        identified in the National Defense Strategy;
            (B) to support science and technology development and 
        acquisition programs; and
            (C) to recruit and train qualified personnel.
        (2) A summary of existing and emerging military research, 
    development, test, and evaluation mission areas, by location, that 
    require modernization investments in the infrastructure--
            (A) to improve operations in a manner that may benefit all 
        users;
            (B) to enhance the overall capabilities of the research, 
        development, test, and evaluation infrastructure, including 
        facilities and resources;
            (C) to improve safety for personnel and facilities; and
            (D) to reduce the long-term cost of operation and 
        maintenance.
        (3) Identification of specific infrastructure projects that are 
    required to address the infrastructure deficiencies identified 
    under paragraph (1) or to support the existing and emerging mission 
    areas identified under paragraph (2).
        (4) For each project identified under paragraph (3)--
            (A) a description of the scope of work;
            (B) a cost estimate;
            (C) a summary of the plan for the project;
            (D) an explanation of the level of priority that will be 
        given to the project; and
            (E) a schedule of required infrastructure investments.
        (5) A description of how the Department, including each 
    military department concerned, will carry out the infrastructure 
    projects identified in paragraph (3) using the range of authorities 
    and methods available to the Department, including--
            (A) military construction authority under section 2802 of 
        title 10, United States Code;
            (B) unspecified minor military construction authority under 
        section 2805(a) of such title;
            (C) laboratory revitalization authority under section 
        2805(d) of such title;
            (D) the authority to carry out facility repair projects, 
        including the conversion of existing facilities, under section 
        2811 of such title;
            (E) the authority provided under the Defense Laboratory 
        Modernization Pilot Program under section 2803 of the National 
        Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2016 (Public Law 114-
        92; 10 U.S.C. 2358 note);
            (F) methods that leverage funding from entities outside the 
        Department, including public-private partnerships, enhanced use 
        leases and real property exchanges;
            (G) the authority to conduct commercial test and evaluation 
        activities at a Major Range and Test Facility Installation, 
        under section 2681 of title 10, United States Code; and
            (H) any other authorities and methods determined to be 
        appropriate by the Secretary of Defense.
        (6) Identification of any regulatory or policy barriers to the 
    effective and efficient implementation of the master plan.
    (c) Consultation and Coordination.--In developing and implementing 
the plan required under subsection (a), the Secretary of Defense 
shall--
        (1) consult with existing and anticipated customers and users 
    of the capabilities of the Major Range and Test Facility Base and 
    science and technology reinvention laboratories;
        (2) ensure consistency with the science and technology roadmaps 
    and strategies of the Department of Defense and the Armed Forces; 
    and
        (3) ensure consistency with the strategic plan for test and 
    evaluation resources required by section 196(d) of title 10, United 
    States Code.
    (d) Submittal to Congress.--Not later than January 1, 2021, the 
Secretary of Defense, in coordination with the Secretaries of the 
military departments, shall submit to the congressional defense 
committees the master plan developed under subsection (a).
    (e) Research, Development, Test, and Evaluation Infrastructure 
Defined.--In this section, the term ``research, development, test, and 
evaluation infrastructure'' means the infrastructure of--
        (1) the science and technology reinvention laboratories (as 
    designated under section 1105 of the National Defense Authorization 
    Act for Fiscal Year 2010 (Public Law 111-84; 10 U.S.C. 2358 note));
        (2) the Major Range and Test Facility Base (as defined in 
    section 2358a(f)(3) of title 10, United States Code); and
        (3) other facilities that support the research development, 
    test, and evaluation activities of the Department.
    SEC. 253. ENERGETICS PLAN.
    (a) Plan Required.--The Under Secretary of Defense for Research and 
Engineering shall, in coordination with the technical directors at 
defense laboratories and such other officials as the Under Secretary 
considers appropriate, develop an energetics research and development 
plan to ensure a long-term multi-domain research, development, 
prototyping, and experimentation effort that--
        (1) maintains United States technological superiority in 
    energetics technology critical to national security;
        (2) efficiently develops new energetics technologies and 
    transitions them into operational use, as appropriate; and
        (3) maintains a robust industrial base and workforce to support 
    Department of Defense requirements for energetic materials.
    (b) Briefing.--Not later than one year after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Under Secretary shall brief the 
congressional defense committees on the plan developed under subsection 
(a).
    SEC. 254. STRATEGY AND IMPLEMENTATION PLAN FOR FIFTH GENERATION 
      INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATIONS TECHNOLOGIES.
    (a) In General.--Not later than 270 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall develop--
        (1) a strategy for harnessing fifth generation (commonly known 
    as ``5G'') information and communications technologies to enhance 
    military capabilities, maintain a technological advantage on the 
    battlefield, and accelerate the deployment of new commercial 
    products and services enabled by 5G networks throughout the 
    Department of Defense; and
        (2) a plan for implementing the strategy developed under 
    paragraph (1).
    (b) Elements.--The strategy required under subsection (a) shall 
include the following elements:
        (1) Adoption and use of secure fourth generation (commonly 
    known as ``4G'') communications technologies and the transition to 
    advanced and secure 5G communications technologies for military 
    applications and for military infrastructure.
        (2) Science, technology, research, and development efforts to 
    facilitate the advancement and adoption of 5G technology and new 
    uses of 5G systems, subsystems, and components, including--
            (A) 5G testbeds for developing military and dual-use 
        applications; and
            (B) spectrum-sharing technologies and frameworks.
        (3) Strengthening engagement and outreach with industry, 
    academia, international partners, and other departments and 
    agencies of the Federal Government on issues relating to 5G 
    technology and the deployment of such technology, including 
    development of a common industrial base for secure 
    microelectronics.
        (4) Defense industrial base supply chain risk, management, and 
    opportunities.
        (5) Preserving the ability of the Joint Force to achieve 
    objectives in a contested and congested spectrum environment.
        (6) Strengthening the ability of the Joint Force to conduct 
    full spectrum operations that enhance the military advantages of 
    the United States.
        (7) Securing the information technology and weapon systems of 
    the Department against malicious activity.
        (8) Advancing the deployment of secure 5G networks nationwide.
        (9) Such other matters as the Secretary of Defense determines 
    to be relevant.
    (c) Consultation.--In developing the strategy and implementation 
plan required under subsection (a), the Secretary of Defense shall 
consult with the following:
        (1) The Chief Information Officer of the Department of Defense.
        (2) The Under Secretary of Defense for Research and 
    Engineering.
        (3) The Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and 
    Sustainment.
        (4) The Under Secretary of Defense for Intelligence.
        (5) Service Acquisition Executives of each military service.
    (d) Periodic Briefings.--
        (1) In general.--Not later than March 15, 2020, and not less 
    frequently than once every three months thereafter through March 
    15, 2022, the Secretary of Defense shall provide to the 
    congressional defense committees a briefing on the development and 
    implementation of the strategy required under subsection (a), 
    including an explanation of how the Department of Defense--
            (A) is using secure 5G wireless network technology;
            (B) is reshaping the Department's policy for producing and 
        procuring secure microelectronics; and
            (C) is working in the interagency and internationally to 
        develop common policies and approaches.
        (2) Elements.--Each briefing under paragraph (1) shall include 
    information on--
            (A) efforts to ensure a secure supply chain for 5G wireless 
        network equipment and microelectronics;
            (B) the continued availability of electromagnetic spectrum 
        for warfighting needs;
            (C) planned implementation of 5G wireless network 
        infrastructure in warfighting networks, base infrastructure, 
        defense-related manufacturing, and logistics;
            (D) steps taken to work with allied and partner countries 
        to protect critical networks and supply chains; and
            (E) such other topics as the Secretary of Defense considers 
        relevant.
    SEC. 255. DEPARTMENT-WIDE SOFTWARE SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY STRATEGY.
    (a) Designation of Senior Official.--Not later than 180 days after 
the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense, acting 
through the Under Secretary of Defense for Research and Engineering and 
in consultation with the Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and 
Sustainment and appropriate public and private sector organizations, 
shall designate a single official or existing entity within the 
Department of Defense as the official or entity (as the case may be) 
with principal responsibility for guiding the development of science 
and technology activities related to next generation software and 
software reliant systems for the Department, including--
        (1) research and development activities on new technologies for 
    the creation of highly secure, scalable, reliable, time-sensitive, 
    and mission-critical software;
        (2) research and development activities on new approaches and 
    tools to software development and deployment, testing, integration, 
    and next generation software management tools to support the rapid 
    insertion of such software into defense systems;
        (3) foundational scientific research activities to support 
    advances in software;
        (4) technical workforce and infrastructure to support defense 
    science and technology and software needs and mission requirements;
        (5) providing capabilities, including technologies, systems, 
    and technical expertise to support improved acquisition of software 
    reliant business and warfighting systems; and
        (6) providing capabilities, including technologies, systems, 
    and technical expertise to support defense operational missions 
    which are reliant on software.
    (b) Development of Strategy.--The official or entity designated 
under subsection (a) shall develop a Department-wide strategy for the 
research and development of next generation software and software 
reliant systems for the Department of Defense, including strategies 
for--
        (1) types of software-related activities within the science and 
    technology portfolio of the Department;
        (2) investment in new approaches to software development and 
    deployment, and next generation management tools;
        (3) ongoing research and other support of academic, commercial, 
    and development community efforts to innovate the software 
    development, engineering, and testing process, automated testing, 
    assurance and certification for safety and mission critical 
    systems, large scale deployment, and sustainment;
        (4) to the extent practicable, implementing or continuing the 
    implementation of the recommendations set forth in--
            (A) the final report of the Defense Innovation Board 
        submitted to the congressional defense committees under section 
        872 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 
        2018 (Public Law 115-91; 131 Stat. 1497);
            (B) the final report of the Defense Science Board Task 
        Force on the Design and Acquisition of Software for Defense 
        Systems described in section 868 of the John S. McCain National 
        Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2019 (Public Law 115-
        232; 10 U.S.C. 2223 note); and
            (C) other relevant studies on software research, 
        development, and acquisition activities of the Department of 
        Defense.
        (5) supporting the acquisition, technology development, 
    testing, assurance, and certification and operational needs of the 
    Department through the development of capabilities, including 
    personnel and research and production infrastructure, and programs 
    in--
            (A) the science and technology reinvention laboratories (as 
        designated under section 1105 of the National Defense 
        Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2010 (Public Law 111-84; 10 
        U.S.C. 2358 note));
            (B) the facilities of the Major Range and Test Facility 
        Base (as defined in section 2358a(f)(3) of title 10, United 
        States Code);
            (C) the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency; and
            (D) universities, federally funded research and development 
        centers, and service organizations with activities in software 
        engineering; and
        (6) the transition of relevant capabilities and technologies to 
    relevant programs of the Department, including software-reliant 
    cyber-physical systems, tactical systems, enterprise systems, and 
    business systems.
    (c) Submittal to Congress.--Not later than one year after the date 
of the enactment of this Act, the official or entity designated under 
subsection (a) shall submit to the congressional defense committees the 
strategy developed under subsection (b).
    SEC. 256. ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE EDUCATION STRATEGY.
    (a) Strategy Required.--
        (1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense shall develop a 
    strategy for educating servicemembers in relevant occupational 
    fields on matters relating to artificial intelligence.
        (2) Elements.--The strategy developed under subsection (a) 
    shall include a curriculum designed to give servicemembers a basic 
    knowledge of artificial intelligence. The curriculum shall include 
    instruction in--
            (A) artificial intelligence design;
            (B) software coding;
            (C) potential military applications for artificial 
        intelligence;
            (D) the impact of artificial intelligence on military 
        strategy and doctrine;
            (E) artificial intelligence decisionmaking via machine 
        learning and neural networks;
            (F) ethical issues relating to artificial intelligence;
            (G) the potential biases of artificial intelligence;
            (H) potential weakness in artificial intelligence 
        technology;
            (I) opportunities and risks; and
            (J) any other matters the Secretary of Defense determines 
        to be relevant.
    (b) Implementation Plan.--The Secretary of Defense shall develop a 
plan for implementing the strategy developed under subsection (a).
    (c) Submittal to Congress.--Not later than 270 days after the date 
of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to 
the congressional defense committees--
        (1) the strategy developed under subsection (a); and
        (2) the implementation plan developed under subsection (b).
    SEC. 257. CYBER SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY ACTIVITIES ROADMAP AND 
      REPORTS.
    (a) Roadmap for Science and Technology Activities to Support 
Development of Cyber Capabilities.--
        (1) Roadmap required.--The Secretary of Defense, acting through 
    the Under Secretary of Defense for Research and Engineering, shall 
    develop a roadmap for science and technology activities of the 
    Department of Defense to support development of cyber capabilities 
    to meet Department needs and missions.
        (2) Goal of consistency.--The Secretary shall develop the 
    roadmap required by paragraph (1) to ensure consistency with 
    appropriate Federal interagency, industry, and academic activities.
        (3) Scope.--The roadmap required by paragraph (1) shall--
            (A) cover the development of capabilities that will likely 
        see operational use within the next 25 years or earlier; and
            (B) address cyber operations and cybersecurity.
        (4) Consultation.--The Secretary shall develop the roadmap 
    required by paragraph (1) in consultation with the following:
            (A) The Chief Information Officer of the Department.
            (B) The secretaries and chiefs of the military departments.
            (C) The Director of Operational Test and Evaluation.
            (D) The Commander of the United States Cyber Command.
            (E) The Director of the National Security Agency.
            (F) The Director of the Defense Information Systems Agency.
            (G) The Director of the Defense Advanced Research Projects 
        Agency.
            (H) The Director of the Defense Digital Service.
            (I) Such interagency partners as the Secretary considers 
        appropriate.
        (5) Form.--The Secretary shall develop the roadmap required by 
    paragraph (1) in unclassified form, but may include a classified 
    annex.
        (6) Publication.--The Secretary shall make available to the 
    public the unclassified form of the roadmap developed pursuant to 
    paragraph (1).
    (b) Annual Report on Cyber Science and Technology Activities.--
        (1) Annual reports required.--In fiscal years 2021, 2022, and 
    2023, the Under Secretary of Defense for Research and Engineering 
    shall submit to the congressional defense committees a report on 
    the science and technology activities within the Department of 
    Defense relating to cyber matters during the previous fiscal year, 
    the current fiscal year, and the following fiscal year.
        (2) Contents.--Each report submitted pursuant to paragraph (1) 
    shall include, for the period covered by the report, a description 
    and listing of the science and technology activities of the 
    Department relating to cyber matters, including the following:
            (A) Extramural science and technology activities.
            (B) Intramural science and technology activities.
            (C) Major and minor military construction activities.
            (D) Major prototyping and demonstration programs.
            (E) A list of agreements and activities to transition 
        capabilities to acquisition activities, including--
                (i) national security systems;
                (ii) business systems; and
                (iii) enterprise and network systems.
            (F) Efforts to enhance the national technical cybersecurity 
        workforce, including specific programs to support education, 
        training, internships, and hiring.
            (G) Efforts to perform cooperative activities with 
        international partners.
            (H) Efforts under the Small Business Innovation Research 
        and the Small Business Technology Transfer Program, including 
        estimated amounts to be expected in the following fiscal year.
            (I) Efforts to encourage partnerships between the 
        Department of Defense and universities participating in the 
        National Centers of Academic Excellence in Cyber Operations and 
        Cyber Defense.
        (3) Timing.--Each report submitted pursuant to paragraph (1) 
    shall be submitted concurrently with the annual budget request of 
    the President submitted pursuant to section 1105 of title 31, 
    United States Code.
        (4) Form.--The report submitted under paragraph (1) shall be 
    submitted in unclassified form, but may include a classified annex.
    SEC. 258. REPORT ON B-52 COMMERCIAL ENGINE REPLACEMENT PROGRAM.
    (a) Documentation Required.--The Secretary of the Air Force shall 
submit to the congressional defense committees a report on the B-52 
commercial engine replacement program of the Air Force.
    (b) Contents.--The report submitted under subsection (a) shall 
include the following:
        (1) The acquisition strategy of the Secretary for the program.
        (2) The cost and schedule estimates of the Secretary for the 
    program.
        (3) The key performance parameters or equivalent requirements 
    document for the program.
        (4) The test and evaluation strategy of the Secretary for the 
    program.
        (5) The logistics strategy of the Secretary for the program.
        (6) The post-production fielding strategy of the Secretary for 
    the program.
        (7) An assessment of the potential for the commercial engine 
    replacement to achieve nuclear system certification.
    (c) Limitation.--Of the funds authorized to be appropriated by this 
Act or otherwise made available for fiscal year 2020 for the Air Force, 
not more than 75 percent may be obligated or expended until the date on 
which the Secretary of the Air Force submits to the congressional 
defense committees the report required by subsection (a).
    SEC. 259. COMMERCIAL EDGE COMPUTING TECHNOLOGIES AND BEST PRACTICES 
      FOR DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE WARFIGHTING SYSTEMS.
    (a) Report Required.--Not later than 120 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition 
and Sustainment shall submit to the congressional defense committees a 
report on commercial edge computing technologies and best practices for 
Department of Defense warfighting systems.
    (b) Contents.--The report submitted under subsection (a) shall 
include the following:
        (1) Identification of initial warfighting system programs of 
    record that will benefit most from accelerated insertion of 
    commercial edge computing technologies and best practices, 
    resulting in significant near-term improvement in system 
    performance and mission capability.
        (2) The plan of the Department of Defense to provide additional 
    funding for the systems identified in paragraph (1) to achieve 
    fielding of accelerated commercial edge computing technologies 
    before or during fiscal year 2021.
        (3) The plan of the Department to identify, manage, and provide 
    additional funding for commercial edge computing technologies more 
    broadly over the next four fiscal years where appropriate for--
            (A) command, control, communications, and intelligence 
        systems;
            (B) logistics systems; and
            (C) other mission-critical systems.
        (4) A detailed description of the policies, procedures, 
    budgets, and accelerated acquisition and contracting mechanisms of 
    the Department for near-term insertion of commercial edge computing 
    technologies and best practices into military mission-critical 
    systems.
    SEC. 260. BIANNUAL REPORT ON THE JOINT ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE 
      CENTER.
    (a) Reports Required.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
the enactment of this Act and biannually thereafter through the end of 
2023, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the congressional 
defense committees a report on the Joint Artificial Intelligence Center 
(referred to in this section as the ``Center'').
    (b) Elements.--Each report under subsection (a) shall include the 
following:
        (1) Information relating to the mission and objectives of the 
    Center.
        (2) A description of the National Mission Initiatives, 
    Component Mission Initiatives, and any other initiatives of the 
    Center, including a description of--
            (A) the activities carried out under the initiatives;
            (B) any investments made or contracts entered into under 
        the initiatives; and
            (C) the progress of the initiatives.
        (3) A description of how the Center has sought to leverage 
    lessons learned, share best practices, avoid duplication of 
    efforts, and transition artificial intelligence research efforts 
    into operational capabilities by--
            (A) collaborating with other organizations and elements of 
        the Department of Defense, including the Defense Agencies and 
        the military departments; and
            (B) deconflicting the activities of the Center with the 
        activities of other organizations and elements of the 
        Department.
        (4) A description of any collaboration between--
            (A) the Center and the private sector, national 
        laboratories, and academia; and
            (B) the Center and international allies and partners.
        (5) The total number of military, contractor, and civilian 
    personnel who are employed by the Center, assigned to the Center, 
    and performing functions in support of the Center.
        (6) A description of the organizational structure and staffing 
    of the Center.
        (7) A detailed description of the frameworks, metrics, and 
    capabilities established to measure the effectiveness of the Center 
    and the Center's investments in the National Mission Initiatives 
    and Component Mission Initiatives.
        (8) A description of any new policies, standards, or guidance 
    relating to artificial intelligence that have been issued by the 
    Chief Information Officer of the Department.
        (9) Identification of any ethical guidelines applicable to the 
    use of artificial intelligence by the Department.
        (10) A description of any steps taken by the Center to protect 
    systems that use artificial intelligence from any attempts to 
    misrepresent or alter information used or provided by artificial 
    intelligence.
    (c) Joint Artificial Intelligence Center Defined.--In this section, 
the term ``Joint Artificial Intelligence Center'' means the Joint 
Artificial Intelligence Center of the Department of Defense established 
pursuant to section 238 of the John S. McCain National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2019 (Public Law 115-232; 10 U.S.C. 
2358 note).
    SEC. 261. QUARTERLY UPDATES ON THE OPTIONALLY MANNED FIGHTING 
      VEHICLE PROGRAM.
    (a) In General.--Beginning not later than December 1, 2019, and on 
a quarterly basis thereafter through October 1, 2022, the Assistant 
Secretary shall provide to the Committees on Armed Services of the 
Senate and the House of Representatives a briefing on the progress of 
the Optionally Manned Fighting Vehicle program of the Army.
    (b) Elements.--Each briefing under subsection (a) shall include, 
with respect to the Optionally Manned Fighting Vehicle program, the 
following elements:
        (1) An overview of funding for the program, including 
    identification of--
            (A) any obligations and expenditures that have been made 
        under the program; and
            (B) any obligations and expenditures that are planned for 
        the program.
        (2) An overview of the program schedule.
        (3) An assessment of the status of the program with respect 
    to--
            (A) the development and approval of technical requirements;
            (B) technological maturity;
            (C) testing;
            (D) delivery; and
            (E) program management.
        (4) Any other matters that the Assistant Secretary considers 
    relevant to a full understanding of the status and plans of the 
    program.
    (c) Assistant Secretary Defined.--In this section, the term 
``Assistant Secretary'' means the Assistant Secretary of the Army for 
Acquisition, Logistics, and Technology (or the designee of the 
Assistant Secretary), in consultation with the Commander of the Army 
Futures Command (or the designee of the Commander).
    SEC. 262. NATIONAL STUDY ON DEFENSE RESEARCH AT HISTORICALLY BLACK 
      COLLEGES AND UNIVERSITIES AND OTHER MINORITY INSTITUTIONS.
    (a) Study Required.--The Secretary of Defense shall seek to enter 
into an agreement with the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, 
and Medicine (referred to in this section as the ``National 
Academies'') under which the National Academies will conduct a study on 
the status of defense research at covered institutions and the methods 
and means necessary to advance research capacity at covered 
institutions to comprehensively address the national security and 
defense needs of the United States.
    (b) Designation.--The study conducted under subsection (a) shall be 
known as the ``National Study on Defense Research At Historically Black 
Colleges and Universities and Other Minority Institutions''.
    (c) Elements.--The study conducted under subsection (a) shall 
include an examination of each of the following:
        (1) The degree to which covered institutions are successful in 
    competing for and executing Department of Defense contracts and 
    grants for defense research.
        (2) Best practices for advancing the capacity of covered 
    institutions to compete for and conduct research programs related 
    to national security and defense.
        (3) The advancements and investments necessary to elevate 
    covered institutions to R2 status or R1 status on the Carnegie 
    Classification of Institutions of Higher Education, consistent with 
    the criteria of the classification system.
        (4) The facilities and infrastructure for defense-related 
    research at covered institutions as compared to the facilities and 
    infrastructure at institutions classified as R1 status on the 
    Carnegie Classification of Institutions of Higher Education.
        (5) Incentives to attract, recruit, and retain leading research 
    faculty to covered institutions.
        (6) Best practices of institutions classified as R1 status on 
    the Carnegie Classification of Institutions of Higher Education, 
    including best practices with respect to--
            (A) the establishment of a distinct legal entity to--
                (i) enter into contracts or receive grants from the 
            Department;
                (ii) lay the groundwork for future research 
            opportunities;
                (iii) develop research proposals;
                (iv) engage with defense research funding 
            organizations; and
                (v) execute the administration of grants; and
            (B) determining the type of legal entity, if any, to 
        establish for the purposes described in subparagraph (A).
        (7) The ability of covered institutions to develop, protect, 
    and commercialize intellectual property created through defense-
    related research.
        (8) The total amount of defense research funding awarded to all 
    institutions of higher education, including covered institutions, 
    through contracts and grants for each of fiscal years 2010 through 
    2019 and, with respect to each such institution--
            (A) whether the institution established a distinct legal 
        entity to enter into contracts or receive grants from the 
        Department and, if so, the type of legal entity that was 
        established;
            (B) the total value of contracts and grants awarded to the 
        institution of higher education for each of fiscal years 2010 
        through 2019;
            (C) the overhead rate of the institution of higher 
        education for fiscal year 2019;
            (D) the institution's classification on the Carnegie 
        Classification of Institutions of Higher Education; and
            (E) whether the institution qualifies as a covered 
        institution.
        (9) Recommendations for strengthening and enhancing the 
    programs executed under section 2362 of title 10, United States 
    Code.
        (10) Recommendations to enhance the capacity of covered 
    institutions to transition research products into defense 
    acquisition programs or commercialization.
        (11) Previous executive or legislative actions by the Federal 
    Government to address imbalances in Federal research funding, 
    including such programs as the Defense Established Program to 
    Stimulate Competitive Research (commonly known as ``DEPSCoR'').
        (12) The effectiveness of the Department in attracting and 
    retaining students specializing in science, technology, 
    engineering, and mathematics fields from covered institutions for 
    the Department's programs on emerging capabilities and 
    technologies.
        (13) Recommendations for the development of incentives to 
    encourage research and educational collaborations between covered 
    institutions and other institutions of higher education.
        (14) Any other matters the Secretary of Defense determines to 
    be relevant to advancing the defense research capacity of covered 
    institutions.
    (d) Reports.--
        (1) Initial report.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
    the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to 
    the President and the appropriate congressional committees an 
    initial report that includes--
            (A) the findings of the study conducted under subsection 
        (a); and
            (B) any recommendations that the National Academies may 
        have for action by the executive branch and Congress to improve 
        the participation of covered institutions in Department of 
        Defense research and any actions that may be carried out to 
        expand the research capacity of such institutions.
        (2) Final report.--Not later than December 31, 2021, the 
    Secretary of Defense shall submit to the President and the 
    appropriate congressional committees a comprehensive report on the 
    results of the study required under subsection (a).
        (3) Form of reports.--Each report submitted under this 
    subsection shall be made publicly available.
    (e) Implementation Required.--
        (1) In general.--Except as provided in paragraph (2), not later 
    than March 1, 2022, the Secretary of Defense shall commence 
    implementation of each recommendation included in the final report 
    submitted under subsection (d)(2).
        (2) Exceptions.--
            (A) Delayed implementation.--The Secretary of Defense may 
        commence implementation of a recommendation described paragraph 
        (1) later than March 1, 2022, if--
                (i) the Secretary submits to the congressional defense 
            committees written notice of the intent of the Secretary to 
            delay implementation of the recommendation; and
                (ii) includes, as part of such notice, a specific 
            justification for the delay in implementing the 
            recommendation.
            (B) Nonimplementation.--The Secretary of Defense may elect 
        not to implement a recommendation described in paragraph (1), 
        if--
                (i) the Secretary submits to the congressional defense 
            committees written notice of the intent of the Secretary 
            not to implement the recommendation; and
                (ii) includes, as part of such notice--

                    (I) the reasons for the Secretary's decision not to 
                implement the recommendation; and
                    (II) a summary of alternative actions the Secretary 
                will carry out to address the purposes underlying the 
                recommendation.

        (3) Implementation plan.--For each recommendation that the 
    Secretary implements under this subsection, the Secretary shall 
    submit to the congressional defense committees an implementation 
    plan that includes--
            (A) a summary of actions that have been, or will be, 
        carried out to implement the recommendation; and
            (B) a schedule, with specific milestones, for completing 
        the implementation of the recommendation.
    (f) List of Covered Institutions.--The Secretary of Defense, in 
consultation with the Secretary of Education and the Presidents of the 
National Academies, shall make available a list identifying each 
covered institution examined as part of the study under subsection (a). 
The list shall be made available on a publicly accessible website and 
shall be updated not less frequently than once annually until the date 
on which the final report is submitted under subsection (d)(2).
    (g) Definitions.--In this section:
        (1) The term ``appropriate congressional committees'' means--
            (A) the congressional defense committees;
            (B) the Committee on Health, Education, Labor, and Pensions 
        of the Senate; and
            (C) the Committee on Education and Labor of the House of 
        Representatives.
        (2) The term ``covered institution'' means--
            (A) a part B institution (as that term is defined in 
        section 322(2) of the Higher Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 
        1061(2)); or
            (B) any other institution of higher education (as that term 
        is defined in section 101 of such Act (20 U.S.C. 1001)) at 
        which not less than 50 percent of the total student enrollment 
        consists of students from ethnic groups that are 
        underrepresented in the fields of science and engineering.
    SEC. 263. STUDY ON NATIONAL SECURITY EMERGING BIOTECHNOLOGIES FOR 
      THE DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE.
    (a) Study Required.--
        (1) In general.--Not later than 30 days after the date of the 
    enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall direct the 
    Defense Science Board to carry out a study on emerging 
    biotechnologies pertinent to national security.
        (2) Participation.--Participants in the study shall include the 
    following:
            (A) Such members of the Board as the Chairman of the Board 
        considers appropriate for the study.
            (B) Such additional temporary members or contracted support 
        as the Secretary--
                (i) selects from those recommended by the Chairman for 
            purposes of the study; and
                (ii) considers to have significant technical, policy, 
            or military expertise.
        (3) Elements.--The study conducted pursuant to paragraph (1) 
    shall include the following:
            (A) A review of the military understanding and relevancy of 
        applications of emerging biotechnologies to national security 
        requirements of the Department of Defense, including--
                (i) a review of all research and development relating 
            to emerging biotechnologies within the Department of 
            Defense, including areas that demand further priority and 
            investment;
                (ii) a review of interagency cooperation and 
            collaboration on research and development relating to 
            emerging biotechnologies between--

                    (I) the Department;
                    (II) other departments and agencies in the Federal 
                Government; and
                    (III) appropriate private sector entities that are 
                involved in research and development relating to 
                emerging biotechnologies;

                (iii) an assessment of current biotechnology research 
            in the commercial sector, institutions of higher education, 
            the intelligence community, and civilian agencies of the 
            Federal Government relevant to critical Department of 
            Defense applications of this research;
                (iv) an assessment of the potential national security 
            risks of emerging biotechnologies, including risks relating 
            to foreign powers advancing their use of emerging 
            biotechnologies for military applications and other 
            purposes faster than the Department; and
                (v) an assessment of the knowledge base of the 
            Department with respect to emerging biotechnologies, 
            including scientific expertise and infrastructure in the 
            Department and the capacity of the Department to integrate 
            emerging biotechnologies into its operational concepts, 
            capabilities, and forces.
            (B) An assessment of the technical basis within the 
        Department used to inform the intelligence community of the 
        Department's collection and analysis needs relating to emerging 
        biotechnologies.
            (C) Development of a recommendation on a definition of 
        emerging biotechnologies, as appropriate for the Department.
            (D) Development of such recommendations as the Board may 
        have for legislative or administrative action relating to 
        national security emerging biotechnologies for the Department.
        (4) Access to information.--The Secretary shall provide the 
    Board with timely access to appropriate information, data, 
    resources, and analysis so that the Board may conduct a thorough 
    and independent analysis as required under this section.
        (5) Report.--(A) Not later than one year after the date on 
    which the Secretary directs the Board to conduct the study pursuant 
    to paragraph (1), the Board shall transmit to the Secretary a final 
    report on the study.
        (B) Not later than 30 days after the date on which the 
    Secretary receives the final report under subparagraph (A), the 
    Secretary shall submit to the congressional defense committees such 
    report and such comments as the Secretary considers appropriate.
    (b) Briefing Required.--Not later than 90 days after the date of 
the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall provide the 
congressional defense committees a briefing on potential national 
security risks of emerging biotechnologies, including risks relating to 
foreign powers advancing their use of emerging biotechnologies for 
military applications and other purposes faster than the Department.
    SEC. 264. INDEPENDENT STUDY ON OPTIMIZING RESOURCES ALLOCATED TO 
      COMBATING TERRORISM TECHNICAL SUPPORT OFFICE.
    (a) Independent Study.--Not later than 30 days after the date of 
the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall seek to enter 
into a contract with a federally funded research and development center 
under which the center will conduct a study on the optimal use of 
resources allocated to the Combating Terrorism Technical Support 
Office.
    (b) Elements of Study.--In carrying out the study referred to in 
subsection (a), the federally funded research and development center 
with which the Secretary enters into a contract under such subsection 
shall--
        (1) evaluate the current mission and organization of the 
    Combating Terrorism Technical Support Office and its relation to 
    the objectives outlined in the National Defense Strategy;
        (2) assess the extent to which the activities of the Combating 
    Terrorism Technical Support Office are complementary to and 
    coordinated with other relevant activities by other Department of 
    Defense entities, including activities of the Under Secretary of 
    Defense for Research and Engineering, the Under Secretary of 
    Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment, United States Special 
    Operations Command, and the military departments; and
        (3) identify opportunities to improve the efficiency and 
    effectiveness of the Combating Terrorism Technical Support Office, 
    including through increased coordination, realignment, or 
    consolidation with other entities of the Department of Defense, if 
    appropriate.
    (c) Submission to Department of Defense.--Not later than 180 days 
after the date of the enactment of this Act, the federally funded 
research and development center that conducts the study under 
subsection (a) shall submit to the Secretary of Defense a report on the 
results of the study in both classified and unclassified form.
    (d) Submission to Congress.--Not later than 30 days after the date 
on which the Secretary of Defense receives the report under subsection 
(c), the Secretary shall submit to the congressional defense committees 
an unaltered copy of the report in both classified and unclassified 
form, and such comments as the Secretary may have with respect to the 
report.
    SEC. 265. INDEPENDENT ASSESSMENT OF ELECTRONIC WARFARE PLANS AND 
      PROGRAMS.
    (a) Assessment.--Not later than 120 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act and pursuant to the arrangement entered into 
under section 222, the Secretary of Defense shall seek to engage the 
private scientific advisory group known as ``JASON'' to carry out an 
independent assessment of electronic warfare plans and programs.
    (b) Elements.--In carrying out the assessment under subsection (a), 
JASON shall--
        (1) assess the strategies, programs, order of battle, and 
    doctrine of the Department of Defense related to the electronic 
    warfare mission area and electromagnetic spectrum operations;
        (2) assess the strategies, programs, order of battle, and 
    doctrine of potential adversaries, such as China, Iran, and the 
    Russian Federation, related to the such mission area and 
    operations;
        (3) develop recommendations for improvements to the strategies, 
    programs, and doctrine of the Department of Defense in order to 
    enable the United States to achieve and maintain superiority in the 
    electromagnetic spectrum in future conflicts; and
        (4) develop recommendations for the Secretary of Defense, 
    Congress, and such other Federal entities as JASON considers 
    appropriate, including recommendations for--
            (A) closing technical, policy, or resource gaps;
            (B) improving cooperation and appropriate integration 
        within the Department of Defense entities;
            (C) improving cooperation between the United States and 
        other countries and international organizations as appropriate; 
        and
            (D) such other important matters identified by JASON that 
        are directly relevant to the strategies of the Department of 
        Defense described in paragraph (3).
    (c) Liaisons.--The Secretary of Defense shall appoint appropriate 
liaisons to JASON to support the timely conduct of the services covered 
by this section.
    (d) Materials.--The Secretary of Defense shall provide access to 
JASON to materials relevant to the services covered by this section, 
consistent with the protection of sources and methods and other 
critically sensitive information.
    (e) Clearances.--The Secretary of Defense shall ensure that 
appropriate members and staff of JASON have the necessary clearances, 
obtained in an expedited manner, to conduct the services covered by 
this section.
    (f) Report.--Not later than October 1, 2020, the Secretary of 
Defense shall submit to the congressional defense committees a report 
on the results of the assessment carried out under subsection (a), 
including--
        (1) the results of the assessment with respect to each element 
    described in subsection (b);
        (2) the recommendations developed by JASON pursuant to such 
    subsection.
    (g) Relationship to Other Law.--The assessment required under 
subsection (a) is separate and independent from the assessment 
described in section 255 of the John S. McCain National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2019 (Public Law 115-232; 132 Stat. 
1705) and shall be carried out without regard to any agreement entered 
into under that section or the results of any assessment conducted 
pursuant to such agreement.
    SEC. 266. TECHNICAL CORRECTION TO GLOBAL RESEARCH WATCH PROGRAM.
    Section 2365 of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
        (1) in subsections (a) and (d)(2), by striking ``Assistant 
    Secretary of Defense for Research and Engineering'' both places it 
    appears and inserting ``Under Secretary of Defense for Research and 
    Engineering'';
        (2) in subsections (d)(3) and (e), by striking ``Assistant 
    Secretary'' both places it appears and inserting ``Under Secretary 
    of Defense for Research and Engineering''; and
        (3) in subsection (d), by striking ``Assistant Secretary'' both 
    places it appears and inserting ``Under Secretary''.

                  TITLE III--OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE

               Subtitle A--Authorization of Appropriations

Sec. 301. Authorization of appropriations.

                   Subtitle B--Energy and Environment

Sec. 311. Timeline for Clearinghouse review of applications for energy 
          projects that may have an adverse impact on military 
          operations and readiness.
Sec. 312. Authority to accept contributions of funds from applicants for 
          energy projects for mitigation of impacts on military 
          operations and readiness.
Sec. 313. Use of proceeds from sale of recyclable materials.
Sec. 314. Disposal of recyclable materials.
Sec. 315. Department of Defense improvement of previously conveyed 
          utility systems serving military installations.
Sec. 316. Modification of Department of Defense environmental 
          restoration authorities to include Federal Government 
          facilities used by National Guard.
Sec. 317. Use of operational energy cost savings of Department of 
          Defense.
Sec. 318. Sale of electricity from alternate energy and cogeneration 
          production facilities.
Sec. 319. Energy resilience programs and activities.
Sec. 320. Technical and grammatical corrections and repeal of obsolete 
          provisions relating to energy.
Sec. 321. Transfer authority for funding of study and assessment on 
          health implications of per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances 
          contamination in drinking water by Agency for Toxic Substances 
          and Disease Registry.
Sec. 322. Replacement of fluorinated aqueous film-forming foam with 
          fluorine-free fire-fighting agent.
Sec. 323. Prohibition of uncontrolled release of fluorinated aqueous 
          film-forming foam at military installations.
Sec. 324. Prohibition on use of fluorinated aqueous film forming foam 
          for training exercises.
Sec. 325. Real-time sound-monitoring at Navy installations where 
          tactical fighter aircraft operate.
Sec. 326. Development of extreme weather vulnerability and risk 
          assessment tool.
Sec. 327. Removal of barriers that discourage investments to increase 
          military installation resilience.
Sec. 328. Budgeting of Department of Defense relating to extreme 
          weather.
Sec. 329. Prohibition on Perfluoroalkyl Substances and Polyfluoroalkyl 
          Substances in Meals Ready-to-Eat Food Packaging.
Sec. 330. Disposal of materials containing per- and polyfluoroalkyl 
          substances or aqueous film-forming foam.
Sec. 331. Agreements to share monitoring data relating to perfluoroalkyl 
          and polyfluoroalkyl substances and other contaminants of 
          concern.
Sec. 332. Cooperative agreements with States to address contamination by 
          perfluoroalkyl and polyfluoroalkyl substances.
Sec. 333. Plan to phase out use of burn pits.
Sec. 334. Information relating to locations of burn pit use.
Sec. 335. Data quality review of radium testing conducted at certain 
          locations of the Department of the Navy.
Sec. 336. Reimbursement of Environmental Protection Agency for certain 
          costs in connection with the Twin Cities Army Ammunition 
          Plant, Minnesota.
Sec. 337. Pilot program for availability of working-capital funds for 
          increased combat capability through energy optimization.
Sec. 338. Report on efforts to reduce high energy intensity at military 
          installations.

 Subtitle C--Treatment of Contaminated Water Near Military Installations

Sec. 341. Short title.
Sec. 342. Definitions.
Sec. 343. Provision of water uncontaminated with perfluorooctanoic acid 
          (PFOA) and perfluorooctane sulfonate (PFOS) for agricultural 
          purposes.
Sec. 344. Acquisition of real property by Air Force.
Sec. 345. Remediation plan.

                  Subtitle D--Logistics and Sustainment

Sec. 351. Materiel readiness metrics and objectives.
Sec. 352. Clarification of authority regarding use of working-capital 
          funds for unspecified minor military construction projects 
          related to revitalization and recapitalization of defense 
          industrial base facilities.
Sec. 353. Modification to limitation on length of overseas forward 
          deployment of naval vessels.
Sec. 354. Extension of temporary installation reutilization authority 
          for arsenals, depots, and plants.
Sec. 355. F-35 Joint Strike Fighter sustainment.
Sec. 356. Report on strategic policy for prepositioned materiel and 
          equipment.
Sec. 357. Pilot program to train skilled technicians in critical 
          shipbuilding skills.
Sec. 358. Requirement for military department inter-service depot 
          maintenance.
Sec. 359. Strategy to improve infrastructure of certain depots of the 
          Department of Defense.

                           Subtitle E--Reports

Sec. 361. Readiness reporting.
Sec. 362. Technical correction to deadline for transition to Defense 
          Readiness Reporting System Strategic.
Sec. 363. Report on Navy ship depot maintenance budget.
Sec. 364. Report on Runit Dome.
Sec. 365. Prohibition on subjective upgrades by commanders of unit 
          ratings in monthly readiness reporting on military units.
Sec. 366. Requirement to include foreign language proficiency in 
          readiness reporting systems of Department of Defense.

                        Subtitle F--Other Matters

Sec. 371. Prevention of encroachment on military training routes and 
          military operations areas.
Sec. 372. Expansion and enhancement of authorities on transfer and 
          adoption of military animals.
Sec. 373. Extension of authority for Secretary of Defense to use 
          Department of Defense reimbursement rate for transportation 
          services provided to certain non-Department of Defense 
          entities.
Sec. 374. Extension of authority of Secretary of Transportation to issue 
          non-premium aviation insurance.
Sec. 375. Defense personal property program.
Sec. 376. Public events about Red Hill Bulk Fuel Storage Facility.
Sec. 377. Sense of Congress regarding Innovative Readiness Training 
          program.
Sec. 378. Detonation chambers for explosive ordnance disposal.

              Subtitle A--Authorization of Appropriations

    SEC. 301. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.
    Funds are hereby authorized to be appropriated for fiscal year 2020 
for the use of the Armed Forces and other activities and agencies of 
the Department of Defense for expenses, not otherwise provided for, for 
operation and maintenance, as specified in the funding table in section 
4301.

                   Subtitle B--Energy and Environment

    SEC. 311. TIMELINE FOR CLEARINGHOUSE REVIEW OF APPLICATIONS FOR 
      ENERGY PROJECTS THAT MAY HAVE AN ADVERSE IMPACT ON MILITARY 
      OPERATIONS AND READINESS.
    Section 183a(c)(1) of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
striking ``60 days'' and inserting ``75 days''.
    SEC. 312. AUTHORITY TO ACCEPT CONTRIBUTIONS OF FUNDS FROM 
      APPLICANTS FOR ENERGY PROJECTS FOR MITIGATION OF IMPACTS ON 
      MILITARY OPERATIONS AND READINESS.
    Section 183a(f) of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
striking ``for a project filed with the Secretary of Transportation 
pursuant to section 44718 of title 49'' and inserting ``for an energy 
project''.
    SEC. 313. USE OF PROCEEDS FROM SALE OF RECYCLABLE MATERIALS.
    Section 2577(c) of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
striking ``$2,000,000'' and inserting ``$10,000,000''.
    SEC. 314. DISPOSAL OF RECYCLABLE MATERIALS.
    Section 2577(a) of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
adding at the end the following new paragraph:
    ``(3) In this section, the term `recyclable materials' may include 
any quality recyclable material provided to the Department by a State 
or local government entity, if such material is authorized by the 
Office of the Secretary of Defense and identified in the regulations 
prescribed under paragraph (1).''.
    SEC. 315. DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE IMPROVEMENT OF PREVIOUSLY CONVEYED 
      UTILITY SYSTEMS SERVING MILITARY INSTALLATIONS.
    Section 2688 of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
        (1) by redesignating subsection (k) as subsection (l); and
        (2) by inserting after subsection (j) the following new 
    subsection (k):
    ``(k) Improvement of Conveyed Utility Systems.--In the case of a 
utility system that is conveyed under this section and that only 
provides utility services to a military installation, the Secretary 
concerned may use amounts authorized to be appropriated for military 
construction to improve the reliability, resilience, efficiency, 
physical security, or cybersecurity of the utility system.''.
    SEC. 316. MODIFICATION OF DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE ENVIRONMENTAL 
      RESTORATION AUTHORITIES TO INCLUDE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT FACILITIES 
      USED BY NATIONAL GUARD.
    (a) In General.--Section 2707 of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended by adding at the end the following new subsection:
    ``(e) Authority for National Guard Projects.--Notwithstanding 
subsection (a) of this section and section 2701(c)(1) of this title, 
the Secretary concerned may use funds described in subsection (c) to 
carry out an environmental restoration project at a facility in 
response to perfluorooctanoic acid or perfluorooctane sulfonate 
contamination under this chapter or CERCLA.''.
    (b) Definition of Facility.--Section 2700(2) of such title is 
amended--
        (1) by striking ``The terms'' and inserting ``(A) The terms''; 
    and
        (2) by adding at the end the following new subparagraph:
        ``(B) The term `facility' includes real property that is owned 
    by, leased to, or otherwise possessed by the United States at 
    locations at which military activities are conducted under this 
    title or title 32 (including real property owned or leased by the 
    Federal Government that is licensed to and operated by a State for 
    training for the National Guard).''.
    (c) Inclusion of Pollutants and Contaminants in Environmental 
Response Actions.--Section 2701(c) of such title is amended by 
inserting ``or pollutants or contaminants'' after ``hazardous 
substances'' each place it appears.
    (d) Savings Clause.--Nothing in this section, or the amendments 
made by this section, shall affect any requirement or authority under 
the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability 
Act of 1980 (42 U.S.C. 9601 et seq.).
    SEC. 317. USE OF OPERATIONAL ENERGY COST SAVINGS OF DEPARTMENT OF 
      DEFENSE.
    Section 2912 of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
        (1) in subsection (a), by striking ``subsection (b)'' and 
    inserting ``subsection (b) or (c), as the case may be,'';
        (2) in subsection (b), in the matter preceding paragraph (1), 
    by striking ``The Secretary of Defense'' and inserting ``Except as 
    provided in subsection (c) with respect to operational energy cost 
    savings, the Secretary of Defense'';
        (3) by redesignating subsection (c) as subsection (d); and
        (4) by inserting after subsection (b) the following new 
    subsection (c):
    ``(c) Use of Operational Energy Cost Savings.--The amount that 
remains available for obligation under subsection (a) that relates to 
operational energy cost savings realized by the Department shall be 
used for the implementation of additional operational energy 
resilience, efficiencies, mission assurance, energy conservation, or 
energy security within the department, agency, or instrumentality that 
realized that savings.''.
    SEC. 318. SALE OF ELECTRICITY FROM ALTERNATE ENERGY AND 
      COGENERATION PRODUCTION FACILITIES.
    Section 2916(b)(3)(B) of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
        (1) by striking ``shall be available'' and all that follows and 
    inserting ``shall be provided directly to the commander of the 
    military installation in which the geothermal energy resource is 
    located to be used for--''; and
        (2) by adding at the end the following new clauses:
            ``(i) military construction projects described in paragraph 
        (2) that benefit the military installation where the geothermal 
        energy resource is located; or
            ``(ii) energy or water security projects that--
                ``(I) benefit the military installation where the 
            geothermal energy resource is located;
                ``(II) the commander of the military installation 
            determines are necessary; and
                ``(III) are directly coordinated with local area energy 
            or groundwater governing authorities.''.
    SEC. 319. ENERGY RESILIENCE PROGRAMS AND ACTIVITIES.
    (a) Modification of Annual Energy Management and Resilience 
Report.--Section 2925(a) of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
        (1) in the subsection heading, by inserting ``and Readiness'' 
    after ``Mission Assurance'';
        (2) in the matter preceding paragraph (1), by inserting ``The 
    Secretary shall ensure that mission operators of critical 
    facilities provide to personnel of military installations any 
    information necessary for the completion of such report.'' after 
    ``by the Secretary.'';
        (3) in paragraph (4), in the matter preceding subparagraph (A), 
    by striking ``megawatts'' and inserting ``electric and thermal 
    loads''; and
        (4) in paragraph (5), by striking ``megawatts'' and inserting 
    ``electric and thermal loads''.
    (b) Funding for Energy Program Offices.--
        (1) In general.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
    enactment of this Act, the Secretaries of the military departments 
    shall submit to the congressional defense committees a report 
    stating whether the program offices specified in paragraph (2) are 
    funded--
            (A) at proper levels to ensure that the energy resilience 
        requirements of the Department of Defense are met; and
            (B) at levels that are not less than in any previous fiscal 
        year.
        (2) Program offices specified.--The program offices specified 
    in this paragraph are the following:
            (A) The Power Reliability Enhancement Program of the Army.
            (B) The Office of Energy Initiatives of the Army.
            (C) The Office of Energy Assurance of the Air Force.
            (D) The Resilient Energy Program Office of the Navy.
        (3) Funding plan.--
            (A) In general.--The Secretaries of the military 
        departments shall include in the report submitted under 
        paragraph (1) a funding plan for the next five fiscal years 
        beginning after the date of the enactment of this Act to ensure 
        that funding levels are, at a minimum, maintained during that 
        period.
            (B) Elements.--The funding plan under subparagraph (A) 
        shall include, for each fiscal year covered by the plan, an 
        identification of the amounts to be used for the accomplishment 
        of energy resilience goals and objectives.
    (c) Establishment of Targets for Water Use.--The Secretary of 
Defense shall, where life-cycle cost-effective, improve water use 
efficiency and management by the Department of Defense, including storm 
water management, by--
        (1) installing water meters and collecting and using water 
    balance data of buildings and facilities to improve water 
    conservation and management;
        (2) reducing industrial, landscaping, and agricultural water 
    consumption in gallons by two percent annually through fiscal year 
    2030 relative to a baseline of such consumption by the Department 
    in fiscal year 2010; and
        (3) installing appropriate sustainable infrastructure features 
    on installations of the Department to help with storm water and 
    wastewater management.
    SEC. 320. TECHNICAL AND GRAMMATICAL CORRECTIONS AND REPEAL OF 
      OBSOLETE PROVISIONS RELATING TO ENERGY.
    (a) Technical and Grammatical Corrections.--
        (1) Technical corrections.--Title 10, United States Code, is 
    amended--
            (A) in section 2913(c), by striking ``government'' and 
        inserting ``government or''; and
            (B) in section 2926(d)(1), in the second sentence, by 
        striking ``Defense Agencies'' and inserting ``the Defense 
        Agencies''.
        (2) Grammatical corrections.--Such title is further amended--
            (A) in section 2922a(d), by striking ``resilience are 
        prioritized and included'' and inserting ``energy resilience 
        are included as critical factors''; and
            (B) in section 2925(a)(3), by striking ``impacting energy'' 
        and all that follows through the period at the end and 
        inserting ``degrading energy resilience at military 
        installations (excluding planned outages for maintenance 
        reasons), whether caused by on- or off-installation 
        disruptions, including the total number of outages and their 
        locations, the duration of each outage, the financial effect of 
        each outage, whether or not the mission was affected, the 
        downtimes (in minutes or hours) the mission can afford based on 
        mission requirements and risk tolerances, the responsible 
        authority managing the utility, and measures taken to mitigate 
        the outage by the responsible authority.''.
    (b) Clarification of Applicability of Conflicting Amendments Made 
by 2018 Defense Authorization Act.--Section 2911(e) of such title is 
amended--
        (1) by striking paragraphs (1) and (2) and inserting the 
    following new paragraphs:
        ``(1) Opportunities to reduce the current rate of consumption 
    of energy, the future demand for energy, and the requirement for 
    the use of energy.
        ``(2) Opportunities to enhance energy resilience to ensure the 
    Department of Defense has the ability to prepare for and recover 
    from energy disruptions that affect mission assurance on military 
    installations.''; and
        (2) by striking the second paragraph (13).
    (c) Conforming and Clerical Amendments.--
        (1) Heading amendment.--The heading of section 2926 of such 
    title is amended to read as follows:
``Sec. 2926. Operational energy''.
        (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning 
    of chapter 173 of such title is amended by striking the item 
    relating to section 2926 and inserting the following new item:

``2926. Operational energy.''.
    SEC. 321. TRANSFER AUTHORITY FOR FUNDING OF STUDY AND ASSESSMENT ON 
      HEALTH IMPLICATIONS OF PER- AND POLYFLUOROALKYL SUBSTANCES 
      CONTAMINATION IN DRINKING WATER BY AGENCY FOR TOXIC SUBSTANCES 
      AND DISEASE REGISTRY.
    Section 316(a)(2)(B)(ii) of the National Defense Authorization Act 
for Fiscal Year 2018 (Public Law 115-91; 131 Stat. 1350), as amended by 
section 315(a) of the John S. McCain National Defense Authorization Act 
for Fiscal Year 2019 (Public Law 115-232), is amended by striking 
``2019 and 2020'' and inserting ``2019, 2020, and 2021''.
    SEC. 322. REPLACEMENT OF FLUORINATED AQUEOUS FILM-FORMING FOAM WITH 
      FLUORINE-FREE FIRE-FIGHTING AGENT.
    (a) Use of Fluorine-free Foam at Military Installations.--
        (1) Military specification.--Not later than January 31, 2023, 
    the Secretary of the Navy shall publish a military specification 
    for a fluorine-free fire-fighting agent for use at all military 
    installations and ensure that such agent is available for use by 
    not later than October 1, 2023.
        (2) Report to congress.--Concurrent with publication of the 
    military specification under paragraph (1), the Secretary of 
    Defense shall submit to the congressional defense committees a 
    report containing a detailed plan for implementing the transition 
    to a fluorine-free fire-fighting agent by not later than October 1, 
    2023. The report shall include--
            (A) a detailed description of the progress of the 
        Department of Defense to identify a fluorine-free fire-fighting 
        agent for use as a replacement fire-fighting agent at military 
        installations;
            (B) a description of any technology and equipment required 
        to implement the replacement fire-fighting agent;
            (C) funding requirements, by fiscal year, to implement the 
        replacement fire-fighting agent, including funding for the 
        procurement of a replacement fire-fighting agent, required 
        equipment, and infrastructure improvements;
            (D) a detailed timeline of remaining required actions to 
        implement such replacement.
    (b) Limitation.--No amount authorized to be appropriated or 
otherwise made available for the Department of Defense may be obligated 
or expended after October 1, 2023, to procure fire-fighting foam that 
contains in excess of one part per billion of perfluoroalkyl substances 
and polyfluoroalkyl substances.
    (c) Prohibition on Use.--Fluorinated aqueous film-forming foam may 
not be used at any military installation on or after the earlier of the 
following dates:
        (1) October 1, 2024.
        (2) The date on which the Secretary determines that compliance 
    with the prohibition under this subsection is possible.
    (d) Exemption for Shipboard Use.--Subsections (b) and (c) shall not 
apply to firefighting foam for use solely onboard ocean-going vessels.
    (e) Waiver.--
        (1) In general.--Subject to the limitations under paragraph 
    (2), the Secretary of Defense may waive the prohibition under 
    subsection (c) with respect to the use of fluorinated aqueous film-
    forming foam, if, by not later than 60 days prior to issuing the 
    waiver, the Secretary--
            (A) provides to the congressional defense committees a 
        briefing on the basis for the waiver and the progress to 
        develop and field a fluorine-free fire-fighting agent that 
        meets the military specifications issued pursuant to subsection 
        (a), which includes--
                (i) detailed data on the progress made to identify a 
            replacement fluorine-free fire-fighting agent;
                (ii) a description of the range of technology and 
            equipment-based solutions analyzed to implement 
            replacement;
                (iii) a description of the funding, by fiscal year, 
            applied towards research, development, test, and evaluation 
            of replacement firefighting agents and equipment-based 
            solutions;
                (iv) a description of any completed and projected 
            infrastructure changes;
                (v) a description of acquisition actions made in 
            support of developing and fielding the fluorine-free fire-
            fighting agent;
                (vi) an updated timeline for the completion of the 
            transition to use of the fluorine-free fire-fighting agent; 
            and
                (vii) a list of the categories of installation 
            infrastructure or specific mobile firefighting equipment 
            sets that require the waiver along with the justification;
            (B) submits to the congressional defense committees 
        certification in writing, that--
                (i) the waiver is necessary for either installation 
            infrastructure, mobile firefighting equipment, or both;
                (ii) the waiver is necessary for the protection of life 
            and safety;
                (iii) no agent or equipment solutions are available 
            that meet the military specific issued pursuant to 
            subsection (a);
                (iv) the military specification issued pursuant to 
            subsection (a) is still valid and does not require 
            revision; and
                (v) includes details of the measures in place to 
            minimize the release of and exposure to fluorinated 
            compounds in fluorinated aqueous film-forming foam; and
            (C) provides for public notice of the waiver.
        (2) Limitation.--The following limitations apply to a waiver 
    issued under this subsection:
            (A) Such a waiver shall apply for a period that does not 
        exceed one year.
            (B) The Secretary may extend such a waiver once for an 
        additional period that does not exceed one year, if the 
        requirements under paragraph (1) are met as of the date of the 
        extension of the waiver.
            (C) The authority to grant a waiver under this subsection 
        may not be delegated below the level of the Secretary of 
        Defense.
    (f) Definitions.--In this section:
        (1) The term ``perfluoroalkyl substances'' means aliphatic 
    substances for which all of the H atoms attached to C atoms in the 
    nonfluorinated substance from which they are notionally derived 
    have been replaced by F atoms, except those H atoms whose 
    substitution would modify the nature of any functional groups 
    present.
        (2) The term ``polyfluoroalkyl substances'' means aliphatic 
    substances for which all H atoms attached to at least one (but not 
    all) C atoms have been replaced by F atoms, in such a manner that 
    they contain the perfluoroalkyl moiety CnF2n+1_ (for example, 
    C8F17CH2CH2OH).
    SEC. 323. PROHIBITION OF UNCONTROLLED RELEASE OF FLUORINATED 
      AQUEOUS FILM-FORMING FOAM AT MILITARY INSTALLATIONS.
    (a) Prohibition.--Except as provided by subsection (b), the 
Secretary of Defense shall prohibit the uncontrolled release of 
fluorinated aqueous film-forming foam (hereinafter in this section 
referred to as ``AFFF'') at military installations.
    (b) Exceptions.--Notwithstanding subsection (a), fluorinated AFFF 
may be released at military installations as follows:
        (1) AFFF may be released for purposes of an emergency response.
        (2) A non-emergency release of AFFF may be made for the 
    purposes of testing of equipment or training of personnel, if 
    complete containment, capture, and proper disposal mechanisms are 
    in place to ensure no AFFF is released into the environment.
    SEC. 324. PROHIBITION ON USE OF FLUORINATED AQUEOUS FILM FORMING 
      FOAM FOR TRAINING EXERCISES.
    The Secretary of Defense shall prohibit the use of fluorinated 
aqueous film forming foam for training exercises at military 
installations.
    SEC. 325. REAL-TIME SOUND-MONITORING AT NAVY INSTALLATIONS WHERE 
      TACTICAL FIGHTER AIRCRAFT OPERATE.
    (a) Monitoring.--The Secretary of the Navy shall conduct real-time 
sound-monitoring at no fewer than two Navy installations and their 
associated outlying landing fields on the west coast of the United 
States where Navy combat coded F/A-18, E/A-18G, or F-35 aircraft are 
based and operate and noise contours have been developed through noise 
modeling. Sound monitoring under such study shall be conducted--
        (1) during times of high, medium, and low activity over the 
    course of a 12-month period; and
        (2) along and in the vicinity of flight paths used to approach 
    and depart the selected installations and their outlying landing 
    fields.
    (b) Plan for Additional Monitoring.--Not later than 90 days after 
the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of the Navy shall 
submit to the congressional defense committees a plan for real-time 
sound monitoring described in subsection (a) in the vicinity of 
training areas predominantly overflown by tactical fighter aircraft 
from the selected installations and outlying landing fields, including 
training areas that consist of real property administered by the 
Federal Government (including Department of Defense, Department of 
Interior, and Department of Agriculture), State and local governments, 
and privately owned land with the permission of the owner.
    (c) Report Required.--Not later than December 1, 2020, the 
Secretary of the Navy shall submit to the congressional defense 
committees a report on the monitoring required under subsection (a). 
Such report shall include--
        (1) the results of such monitoring;
        (2) a comparison of such monitoring and the noise contours 
    previously developed with the analysis and modeling methods 
    previously used;
        (3) an overview of any changes to the analysis and modeling 
    process that have been made or are being considered as a result of 
    the findings of such monitoring; and
        (4) any other matters that the Secretary determines 
    appropriate.
    (d) Public Availability of Monitoring Results.--The Secretary shall 
make the results of the monitoring required under subsection (a) 
publicly available on a website of the Department of Defense.
    SEC. 326. DEVELOPMENT OF EXTREME WEATHER VULNERABILITY AND RISK 
      ASSESSMENT TOOL.
    (a) In General.--The Secretary of Defense shall consult with the 
entities described in subsection (b) to determine whether an existing 
climate vulnerability and risk assessment tool is available or can be 
adapted to be used to quantify the risks associated with extreme 
weather events and the impact of such events on networks, systems, 
installations, facilities, and other assets to inform mitigation 
planning and infrastructure development.
    (b) Consultation.--In determining the availability of an 
appropriate tool to use or adapt for use under subsection (a), the 
Secretary shall consult with the Administrator of the Environmental 
Protection Agency, the Secretary of Energy, the Secretary of the 
Interior, the Administrator of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric 
Administration, the Administrator of the Federal Emergency Management 
Agency, the Commander of the Army Corps of Engineers, the Administrator 
of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration, a federally 
funded research and development center, and the heads of such other 
relevant Federal agencies as the Secretary of Defense determines 
appropriate.
    (c) Best Available Science.--Before choosing a tool for use or 
adaptation for use under subsection (a), the Secretary shall obtain 
from a federally funded research and development center with which the 
Secretary has consulted under subsection (b) a certification in writing 
that the tool relies on the best publicly available science for the 
prediction of extreme weather risk and effective mitigation of that 
risk.
    (d) Report.--Not later than one year after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall submit to the congressional 
defense committees a report on the implementation of this section. Such 
report shall include--
        (1) in the case that a tool has been chosen under subsection 
    (a) before the date of the submittal of the report, a description 
    of the tool and how such tool will be used by the Department; or
        (2) in the case that the Secretary determines that no available 
    tool meets the requirements of the Department as described in 
    subsection (a) or is readily adaptable for use, a plan for the 
    development of such a tool, including the estimated cost and 
    timeframe for development of such a tool.
    SEC. 327. REMOVAL OF BARRIERS THAT DISCOURAGE INVESTMENTS TO 
      INCREASE MILITARY INSTALLATION RESILIENCE.
    (a) In General.--The Secretary of Defense shall--
        (1) identify and seek to remove barriers that discourage 
    investments to increase military installation resilience;
        (2) reform policies and programs that unintentionally increased 
    the vulnerability of systems to related extreme weather events; and
        (3) develop, and update at least once every four years, an 
    adaptation plan to assess how climate impacts affected the ability 
    of the Department of Defense to accomplish its mission, and the 
    short-and long- term actions the Department can take to ensure 
    military installation resilience.
    (b) Military Installation Resilience.--In this section, the term 
``military installation resilience'' has the meaning given such term in 
section 101(e)(8) of title 10, United States Code.
    SEC. 328. BUDGETING OF DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE RELATING TO EXTREME 
      WEATHER.
    (a) In General.--The Secretary of Defense shall include in the 
annual budget submission of the President under section 1105(a) of 
title 31, United States Code--
        (1) a dedicated budget line item for adaptation to, and 
    mitigation of, effects of extreme weather on military networks, 
    systems, installations, facilities, and other assets and 
    capabilities of the Department of Defense; and
        (2) an estimate of the anticipated adverse impacts to the 
    readiness of the Department and the financial costs to the 
    Department during the year covered by the budget of the loss of, or 
    damage to, military networks, systems, installations, facilities, 
    and other assets and capabilities of the Department, including loss 
    of or obstructed access to training ranges, as a result extreme 
    weather events.
    (b) Disaggregation of Impacts and Costs.--The estimate under 
subsection (a)(2) shall set forth the adverse readiness impacts and 
financial costs under that subsection by military department, Defense 
Agency, and other component or element of the Department.
    (c) Extreme Weather Defined.--In this section, the term ``extreme 
weather'' means recurrent flooding, drought, desertification, 
wildfires, and thawing permafrost.
    SEC. 329. PROHIBITION ON PERFLUOROALKYL SUBSTANCES AND 
      POLYFLUOROALKYL SUBSTANCES IN MEALS READY-TO-EAT FOOD PACKAGING.
    (a) Prohibition.--Not later than October 1, 2021, the Director of 
the Defense Logistics Agency shall ensure that any food contact 
substances that are used to assemble and package meals ready-to-eat 
(MREs) procured by the Defense Logistics Agency do not contain any 
perfluoroalkyl substances or polyfluoroalkyl substances.
    (b) Definitions.--In this section:
        (1) Perfluoroalkyl substance.--The term ``perfluoroalkyl 
    substance'' means a man-made chemical of which all of the carbon 
    atoms are fully fluorinated carbon atoms.
        (2) Polyfluoroalkyl substance.--The term ``polyfluoroalkyl 
    substance'' means a man-made chemical containing a mix of fully 
    fluorinated carbon atoms, partially fluorinated carbon atoms, and 
    nonfluorinated carbon atoms.
    SEC. 330. DISPOSAL OF MATERIALS CONTAINING PER- AND POLYFLUOROALKYL 
      SUBSTANCES OR AQUEOUS FILM-FORMING FOAM.
    (a) In General.--The Secretary of Defense shall ensure that when 
materials containing per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances (referred to 
in this section as ``PFAS'') or aqueous film forming foam (referred to 
in this section as ``AFFF'') are disposed--
        (1) all incineration is conducted at a temperature range 
    adequate to break down PFAS chemicals while also ensuring the 
    maximum degree of reduction in emission of PFAS, including 
    elimination of such emissions where achievable;
        (2) all incineration is conducted in accordance with the 
    requirements of the Clean Air Act (42 USC 7401 et seq.), including 
    controlling hydrogen fluoride;
        (3) any materials containing PFAS that are designated for 
    disposal are stored in accordance with the requirement under part 
    264 of title 40, Code of Federal Regulations; and
        (4) all incineration is conducted at a facility that has been 
    permitted to receive waste regulated under subtitle C of the Solid 
    Waste Disposal Act (42 USC 6921 et seq.).
    (b) Scope of Application.--The requirements in subsection (a) only 
apply to all legacy AFFF formulations containing PFAS, materials 
contaminated by AFFF release, and spent filters or other PFAS 
contaminated materials resulting from site remediation or water 
filtration that--
        (1) have been used by the Department of Defense or a military 
    department; or
        (2) are being discarded for disposal by means of incineration 
    by the Department of Defense or a military department; or
        (3) are being removed from sites or facilities owned or 
    operated by the Department of Defense.
    SEC. 331. AGREEMENTS TO SHARE MONITORING DATA RELATING TO 
      PERFLUOROALKYL AND POLYFLUOROALKYL SUBSTANCES AND OTHER 
      CONTAMINANTS OF CONCERN.
    (a) In General.--The Secretary of Defense shall seek to enter into 
agreements with municipalities or municipal drinking water utilities 
located adjacent to military installations under which both the 
Secretary and the municipalities and utilities would share monitoring 
data relating to perfluoroalkyl substances, polyfluoroalkyl substances, 
and other emerging contaminants of concern collected at the military 
installation.
    (b) Publicly Available Website.--The Secretary of Defense shall 
maintain a publicly available website that provides a clearinghouse for 
information about the exposure of members of the Armed Forces, their 
families, and their communities to per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances. 
The information provided on the website shall include information on 
testing, clean-up, and recommended available treatment methodologies.
    (c) Public Communication.--An agreement under subsection (a) does 
not negate the responsibility of the Secretary to communicate with the 
public about drinking water contamination from perfluoroalkyl 
substances, polyfluoroalkyl substances, and other contaminants.
    (d) Military Installation Defined.--In this section, the term 
``military installation'' has the meaning given that term in section 
2801(c) of title 10, United States Code.
    SEC. 332. COOPERATIVE AGREEMENTS WITH STATES TO ADDRESS 
      CONTAMINATION BY PERFLUOROALKYL AND POLYFLUOROALKYL SUBSTANCES.
    (a) Cooperative Agreements.--
        (1) In general.--Upon request from the Governor or chief 
    executive of a State, the Secretary of Defense shall work 
    expeditiously, pursuant to section 2701(d) of title 10, United 
    States Code, to finalize a cooperative agreement, or amend an 
    existing cooperative agreement to address testing, monitoring, 
    removal, and remedial actions relating to the contamination or 
    suspected contamination of drinking, surface, or ground water from 
    PFAS originating from activities of the Department of Defense by 
    providing the mechanism and funding for the expedited review and 
    approval of documents of the Department related to PFAS 
    investigations and remedial actions from an active or 
    decommissioned military installation, including a facility of the 
    National Guard.
        (2) Minimum standards.--A cooperative agreement finalized or 
    amended under paragraph (1) shall meet or exceed the most stringent 
    of the following standards for PFAS in any environmental media:
            (A) An enforceable State standard, in effect in that State, 
        for drinking, surface, or ground water, as described in section 
        121(d)(2)(A)(ii) of the Comprehensive Environmental Response, 
        Compensation, and Liability Act of 1980 (42 U.S.C. 
        9621(d)(2)(A)(ii)).
            (B) An enforceable Federal standard for drinking, surface, 
        or ground water, as described in section 121(d)(2)(A)(i) of the 
        Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and 
        Liability Act of 1980 (42 U.S.C. 9621(d)(2)(A)(i)).
            (C) A health advisory under section 1412(b)(1)(F) of the 
        Safe Drinking Water Act (42 U.S.C. 300g-1(b)(1)(F)).
        (3) Other authority.--In addition to the requirements for a 
    cooperative agreement under paragraph (1), when otherwise 
    authorized to expend funds for the purpose of addressing ground or 
    surface water contaminated by a perfluorinated compound, the 
    Secretary of Defense may, to expend those funds, enter into a grant 
    agreement, cooperative agreement, or contract with--
            (A) the local water authority with jurisdiction over the 
        contamination site, including--
                (i) a public water system (as defined in section 1401 
            of the Safe Drinking Water Act (42 U.S.C. 300f)); and
                (ii) a publicly owned treatment works (as defined in 
            section 212 of the Federal Water Pollution Control Act (33 
            U.S.C. 1292)); or
            (B) a State, local, or Tribal government.
    (b) Report.--Beginning on February 1, 2020, if a cooperative 
agreement is not finalized or amended under subsection (a) within one 
year after the request from the Governor or chief executive under that 
subsection, and annually thereafter, the Secretary of Defense shall 
submit to the appropriate committees and Members of Congress a report--
        (1) explaining why the agreement has not been finalized or 
    amended, as the case may be; and
        (2) setting forth a projected timeline for finalizing or 
    amending the agreement.
    (c) Definitions.--In this section:
        (1) Appropriate committees and members of congress.--The term 
    ``appropriate committees and Members of Congress'' means--
            (A) the congressional defense committees;
            (B) the Senators who represent a State impacted by PFAS 
        contamination described in subsection (a)(1); and
            (C) the Members of the House of Representatives who 
        represent a district impacted by such contamination.
        (2) Fully fluorinated carbon atom.--The term ``fully 
    fluorinated carbon atom'' means a carbon atom on which all the 
    hydrogen substituents have been replaced by fluorine.
        (3) PFAS.--The term ``PFAS'' means perfluoroalkyl and 
    polyfluoroalkyl substances that are man-made chemicals with at 
    least one fully fluorinated carbon atom.
        (4) State.--The term ``State'' has the meaning given the term 
    in section 101 of the Comprehensive Environmental Response, 
    Compensation, and Liability Act of 1980 (42 U.S.C. 9601).
    SEC. 333. PLAN TO PHASE OUT USE OF BURN PITS.
    Not later than one year after the date of the enactment of this 
Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the congressional defense 
committees a plan to phase out the use of the burn pits identified in 
the Department of Defense Open Burn Pit Report to Congress dated April 
2019.
    SEC. 334. INFORMATION RELATING TO LOCATIONS OF BURN PIT USE.
    The Secretary of Defense shall provide to the Secretary of Veterans 
Affairs and to Congress a list of all locations where open-air burn 
pits have been used by the Secretary of Defense, for the purposes of 
augmenting the research, healthcare delivery, disability compensation, 
and other activities of the Secretary of Veterans Affairs.
    SEC. 335. DATA QUALITY REVIEW OF RADIUM TESTING CONDUCTED AT 
      CERTAIN LOCATIONS OF THE DEPARTMENT OF THE NAVY.
    (a) Review of Radium Testing.--Except as provided in subsection 
(b), the Secretary of the Navy shall provide for an independent third-
party data quality review of all radium testing completed by 
contractors of the Department of the Navy at a covered location.
    (b) Exception.--In the case of a covered location for which an 
independent third-party data quality review of all radium testing 
completed by contractors of the Department has been conducted prior to 
the date of the enactment of this Act, the requirement under subsection 
(a) shall not apply if the Secretary of the Navy submits to the 
congressional defense committees a report containing--
        (1) a certification that such review has been conducted for 
    such covered location; and
        (2) a description of the results of such review.
    (c) Covered Location Defined.--In this section, the term ``covered 
location'' means any of the following:
        (1) Naval Weapons Industrial Reserve Plant, Bethpage, New York.
        (2) Hunter's Point Naval Shipyard, San Francisco, California.
    SEC. 336. REIMBURSEMENT OF ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY FOR 
      CERTAIN COSTS IN CONNECTION WITH THE TWIN CITIES ARMY AMMUNITION 
      PLANT, MINNESOTA.
    (a) Transfer Amount.--Notwithstanding section 2215 of title 10, 
United States Code, the Secretary of Defense may transfer to the 
Administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency--
        (1) in fiscal year 2020, not more than $890,790; and
        (2) in each of fiscal years 2021 through 2026, not more than 
    $150,000.
    (b) Purpose of Reimbursement.--The amount authorized to be 
transferred under subsection (a) is to reimburse the Environmental 
Protection Agency for costs the Agency has incurred and will incur 
relating to the response actions performed at the Twin Cities Army 
Ammunition Plant, Minnesota, through September 30, 2025.
    (c) Interagency Agreement.--The reimbursement described in 
subsection (b) is intended to satisfy certain terms of the interagency 
agreement entered into by the Department of the Army and the 
Environmental Protection Agency for the Twin Cities Army Ammunition 
Plant that took effect in December 1987 and that provided for the 
recovery of expenses by the Agency from the Department of the Army.
    SEC. 337. PILOT PROGRAM FOR AVAILABILITY OF WORKING-CAPITAL FUNDS 
      FOR INCREASED COMBAT CAPABILITY THROUGH ENERGY OPTIMIZATION.
    (a) In General.--Notwithstanding section 2208 of title 10, United 
States Code, the Secretary of Defense and the military departments may 
use a working capital fund established pursuant to that section for 
expenses directly related to conducting a pilot program for energy 
optimization initiatives described in subsection (b).
    (b) Energy Optimization Initiatives.--Energy optimization 
initiatives covered by the pilot program include the research, 
development, procurement, installation, and sustainment of technologies 
or weapons system platforms, and the manpower required to do so, that 
would improve the efficiency and maintainability, extend the useful 
life, lower maintenance costs, or provide performance enhancement of 
the weapon system platform or major end item.
    (c) Limitation on Certain Projects.--Funds may not be used pursuant 
to subsection (a) for--
        (1) any product improvement that significantly changes the 
    performance envelope of an end item; or
        (2) any single component with an estimated total cost in excess 
    of $10,000,000.
    (d) Limitation in Fiscal Year Pending Timely Report.--If during any 
fiscal year the report required by paragraph (1) of subsection (e) is 
not submitted by the date specified in paragraph (2) of that 
subsection, funds may not be used pursuant to subsection (a) during the 
period--
        (1) beginning on the date specified in such paragraph (2); and
        (2) ending on the date of the submittal of the report.
    (e) Annual Report.--
        (1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense shall submit an 
    annual report to the congressional defense committees on the use of 
    the authority under subsection (a) during the preceding fiscal 
    year.
        (2) Deadline for submittal.--The report required by paragraph 
    (1) in a fiscal year shall be submitted not later than 60 days 
    after the date of the submittal to Congress of the budget of the 
    President for the succeeding fiscal year pursuant to section 1105 
    of title 31, United States Code.
        (3) Recommendation.--In the case of the report required to be 
    submitted under paragraph (1) during fiscal year 2020, the report 
    shall include the recommendation of the Secretary of Defense and 
    the military departments regarding whether the authority under 
    subsection (a) should be made permanent.
    (f) Sunset.--The authority under subsection (a) shall expire on 
October 1, 2024.
    SEC. 338. REPORT ON EFFORTS TO REDUCE HIGH ENERGY INTENSITY AT 
      MILITARY INSTALLATIONS.
    (a) Report.--
        (1) Report required.--Not later than September 1, 2020, the 
    Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment, in 
    conjunction with the assistant secretaries responsible for 
    installations and environment for the military departments and the 
    Defense Logistics Agency, shall submit to the congressional defense 
    committees a report detailing the efforts to achieve cost savings 
    at military installations with high energy intensity.
        (2) Elements.--The report required under paragraph (1) shall 
    include the following elements:
            (A) A comprehensive, installation-specific assessment of 
        feasible and mission-appropriate energy initiatives supporting 
        energy production and consumption at military installations 
        with high energy intensity.
            (B) An assessment of current sources of energy in areas 
        with high energy intensity and potential future sources that 
        are technologically feasible, cost-effective, and mission-
        appropriate for military installations.
            (C) A comprehensive implementation strategy to include 
        required investment for feasible energy efficiency options 
        determined to be the most beneficial and cost-effective, where 
        appropriate, and consistent with priorities of the Department 
        of Defense.
            (D) An explanation on how the military departments are 
        working collaboratively in order to leverage lessons learned on 
        potential energy efficiency solutions.
            (E) An assessment of the extent to which activities 
        administered under the Federal Energy Management Program of the 
        Department of Energy could be used to assist with the 
        implementation strategy under subparagraph (C).
            (F) An assessment of State and local partnership 
        opportunities that could achieve efficiency and cost savings, 
        and any legislative authorities required to carry out such 
        partnerships or agreements.
        (3) Coordination with state, local, and other entities.--In 
    preparing the report required under paragraph (1), the Under 
    Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment may work in 
    conjunction and coordinate with the States containing areas of high 
    energy intensity, local communities, and other Federal agencies.
    (b) Definition.--In this section, the term ``high energy 
intensity'' means costs for the provision of energy by kilowatt of 
electricity or British Thermal Unit of heat or steam for a military 
installation in the United States that is in the highest 20 percent of 
all military installations for a military department.

Subtitle C--Treatment of Contaminated Water Near Military Installations

    SEC. 341. SHORT TITLE.
    This subtitle may be cited as the ``Prompt and Fast Action to Stop 
Damages Act of 2019''.
    SEC. 342. DEFINITIONS.
    In this subtitle:
        (1) PFOA.--The term ``PFOA'' means perfluorooctanoic acid.
        (2) PFOS.--The term ``PFOS'' means perfluorooctane sulfonate.
    SEC. 343. PROVISION OF WATER UNCONTAMINATED WITH PERFLUOROOCTANOIC 
      ACID (PFOA) AND PERFLUOROOCTANE SULFONATE (PFOS) FOR AGRICULTURAL 
      PURPOSES.
    (a) Authority.--
        (1) In general.--Using amounts authorized to be appropriated or 
    otherwise made available for operation and maintenance for the 
    military department concerned, or for operation and maintenance 
    Defense-wide in the case of the Secretary of Defense, the Secretary 
    concerned may provide water sources uncontaminated with 
    perfluoroalkyl and polyfluoroalkyl substances, including PFOA and 
    PFOS, or treatment of contaminated waters, for agricultural 
    purposes used to produce products destined for human consumption in 
    an area in which a water source has been determined pursuant to 
    paragraph (2) to be contaminated with such compounds by reason of 
    activities on a military installation under the jurisdiction of the 
    Secretary concerned.
        (2) Applicable standard.--For purposes of paragraph (1), an 
    area is determined to be contaminated with PFOA or PFOS if--
            (A) the level of contamination is above the Lifetime Health 
        Advisory for contamination with such compounds issued by the 
        Environmental Protection Agency and printed in the Federal 
        Register on May 25, 2016; or
            (B) on or after the date the Food and Drug Administration 
        sets a standard for PFOA and PFOS in raw agricultural 
        commodities and milk, the level of contamination is above such 
        standard.
    (b) Secretary Concerned Defined.--In this section, the term 
``Secretary concerned'' means the following:
        (1) The Secretary of the Army, with respect to the Army.
        (2) The Secretary of the Navy, with respect to the Navy, the 
    Marine Corps, and the Coast Guard (when it is operating as a 
    service in the Navy).
        (3) The Secretary of the Air Force, with respect to the Air 
    Force.
        (4) The Secretary of Defense, with respect to the Defense 
    Agencies.
    SEC. 344. ACQUISITION OF REAL PROPERTY BY AIR FORCE.
    (a) Authority.--
        (1) In general.--The Secretary of the Air Force may acquire one 
    or more parcels of real property within the vicinity of an Air 
    Force base that has shown signs of contamination from PFOA and PFOS 
    due to activities on the base and which would extend the contiguous 
    geographic footprint of the base and increase the force protection 
    standoff near critical infrastructure and runways.
        (2) Improvements and personal property.--The authority under 
    paragraph (1) to acquire real property described in that paragraph 
    shall include the authority to purchase improvements and personal 
    property located on that real property.
        (3) Relocation expenses.--The authority under paragraph (1) to 
    acquire real property described in that paragraph shall include the 
    authority to provide Federal financial assistance for moving costs, 
    relocation benefits, and other expenses incurred in accordance with 
    the Uniform Relocation Assistance and Real Property Acquisition 
    Policies Act of 1970 (42 U.S.C. 4601 et seq.).
    (b) Environmental Activities.--The Air Force shall conduct such 
activities at a parcel or parcels of real property acquired under 
subsection (a) as are necessary to remediate contamination from PFOA 
and PFOS related to activities at the Air Force base.
    (c) Funding.--Funds for the land acquisitions authorized under 
subsection (a) shall be derived from amounts authorized to be 
appropriated for fiscal year 2020 for military construction or the 
unobligated balances of appropriations for military construction that 
are enacted after the date of the enactment of this Act.
    (d) Rule of Construction.--The authority under this section 
constitutes authority to carry out land acquisitions for purposes of 
section 2802 of title 10, United States Code.
    SEC. 345. REMEDIATION PLAN.
    (a) In General.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to 
Congress a remediation plan for cleanup of all water at or adjacent to 
a military installation that is contaminated with PFOA or PFOS.
    (b) Study.--In preparing the remediation plan under subsection (a), 
the Secretary shall conduct a study on the contamination of water at 
military installations with PFOA or PFOS.
    (c) Budget Amount.--The Secretary shall ensure that each budget of 
the President submitted to Congress under section 1105(a) of title 31, 
United States Code, requests funding in amounts necessary to address 
remediation efforts under the remediation plan submitted under 
subsection (a).

                 Subtitle D--Logistics and Sustainment

    SEC. 351. MATERIEL READINESS METRICS AND OBJECTIVES.
    (a) Annual Report on Major Weapons Systems Sustainment.--
        (1) In general.--Chapter 2 of title 10, United States Code, is 
    amended by inserting after section 117 the following new section:
``Sec. 118. Annual report on major weapons systems sustainment
    ``Not later than five days after the date on which the Secretary of 
Defense submits to Congress the materials in support of the budget of 
the President for a fiscal year, the Secretary of Defense shall submit 
to the congressional defense committees an annual report on major 
weapons systems sustainment for the period covered by the future years 
defense program specified by section 221 of this title. Such report 
shall include--
        ``(1) an assessment of the materiel availability, materiel 
    reliability, and mean down time metrics for each major weapons 
    system;
        ``(2) a detailed explanation of any factors that could preclude 
    the Department of Defense or any of the military departments from 
    meeting applicable readiness goals or objectives; and
        ``(3) an assessment of the validity and effectiveness of the 
    definitions used to determine defense readiness, including the 
    terms `major weapons system', `covered asset', `total and required 
    inventory', `materiel and operational availability', `materiel and 
    operational capability', `materiel and operational reliability'.''.
        (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning 
    of such chapter is amended by inserting after the item relating to 
    section 117 the following new item:

``118. Annual report on major weapons systems sustainment.''.

    (b) Assessment of Materiel Readiness and Weapons System 
Sustainment.--
        (1) Assessment required.--Not later than March 1, 2020, the 
    Secretary of Defense shall complete a comprehensive assessment of 
    the materiel readiness and weapons systems sustainment of the 
    Department of Defense across the Department organic industrial base 
    and industry partners.
        (2) Contents.--The assessment required by paragraph (1) shall 
    include--
            (A) an assessment of the overall readiness strategy of the 
        Department of Defense and the capability of such strategy to 
        measure, track, and assess the readiness of major weapons 
        systems;
            (B) an assessment of the use of objectives and metrics;
            (C) a description of applicable reporting requirements; and
            (D) applicable definitions and common usage of relevant 
        terms, including the terms ``major weapons system'', ``covered 
        asset'', ``total and required inventory'', ``materiel and 
        operational availability'', ``materiel and operational 
        capability'', ``materiel and operational reliability'', and 
        ``maintenance costs''.
        (3) Submission to congress.--The Secretary shall provide to the 
    congressional defense committees--
            (A) a briefing on the assessment required by paragraph (1) 
        by not later than March 1, 2020; and
            (B) a final report on such assessment by not later than 
        April 1, 2020.
    SEC. 352. CLARIFICATION OF AUTHORITY REGARDING USE OF WORKING-
      CAPITAL FUNDS FOR UNSPECIFIED MINOR MILITARY CONSTRUCTION 
      PROJECTS RELATED TO REVITALIZATION AND RECAPITALIZATION OF 
      DEFENSE INDUSTRIAL BASE FACILITIES.
    Section 2208(u) of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
        (1) in paragraph (1), by striking ``carry out'' and inserting 
    ``fund'';
        (2) in paragraph (2)--
            (A) by striking ``Section 2805'' and inserting ``(A) Except 
        as provided in subparagraph (B), section 2805'';
            (B) by striking ``carried out with'' and inserting ``funded 
        using''; and
            (C) by adding at the end the following new subparagraph:
    ``(B) For purposes of applying subparagraph (A), the dollar 
limitation specified in subsection (a)(2) of section 2805 of this 
title, subject to adjustment as provided in subsection (f) of such 
section, shall apply rather than the dollar limitation specified in 
subsection (c) of such section.''; and
        (3) in paragraph (4), by striking ``carry out'' and inserting 
    ``fund''.
    SEC. 353. MODIFICATION TO LIMITATION ON LENGTH OF OVERSEAS FORWARD 
      DEPLOYMENT OF NAVAL VESSELS.
    Section 323 of the John S. McCain National Defense Authorization 
Act for Fiscal Year 2019 (Public Law 115-232) is amended--
        (1) by redesignating subsection (c) as subsection (d); and
        (2) by inserting after subsection (b) the following new 
    subsection (c):
    ``(c) Extension of Limitation on Length of Overseas Forward 
Deployment for U.S.S. Shiloh (CG-67).--Notwithstanding subsection (b), 
the Secretary of the Navy shall ensure that the U.S.S. Shiloh (CG-67) 
is assigned a homeport in the United States by not later than September 
30, 2023.''.
    SEC. 354. EXTENSION OF TEMPORARY INSTALLATION REUTILIZATION 
      AUTHORITY FOR ARSENALS, DEPOTS, AND PLANTS.
    Section 345(d) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 2018 (Public Law 115-91; 10 U.S.C. 2667 note) is amended by 
striking ``September 30, 2020'' and inserting ``September 30, 2025''.
    SEC. 355. F-35 JOINT STRIKE FIGHTER SUSTAINMENT.
    (a) Limitation on Use of Funds.--Of the amounts authorized to be 
appropriated or otherwise made available in this Act for the Office of 
the Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment for 
fiscal year 2020, not more than 75 percent may be obligated or expended 
until the date on which the Under Secretary submits the report required 
by subsection (b).
    (b) Report Required.--The Under Secretary of Defense for 
Acquisition and Sustainment shall submit to the Committees on Armed 
Services of the Senate and House of Representatives a report on steps 
being taken to improve the availability and accountability of F-35 
parts within the supply chain. At a minimum, the report shall include a 
detailed plan for each of the following elements:
        (1) How the accountable property system of record will be 
    updated with information from the prime contractors supplying such 
    parts on required cost and related data with respect to the parts 
    and how the F-35 Program Office will ensure such contractors are 
    adhering to contractual requirements for the management, reporting, 
    visibility, and accountability of all such parts supplied by the 
    prime contractors.
        (2) How the accountability property system of record will have 
    interfaces that allow the F-35 Program Office and other authorized 
    entities to have proper accountability of assets in accordance with 
    applicable Department of Defense Instructions, Department of 
    Defense Manuals, and other applicable regulations.
        (3) How the F-35 Program Office, in coordination with the 
    military departments, will ensure business rules for the 
    prioritization of F-35 parts across all program participants are 
    sufficient, effective, and responsive.
        (4) Steps being taken to ensure parts within the base, afloat, 
    and deployment spares packages are compatible for deploying F-35 
    aircraft and account for updated parts demand.
    SEC. 356. REPORT ON STRATEGIC POLICY FOR PREPOSITIONED MATERIEL AND 
      EQUIPMENT.
    Not later than March 1, 2020, the Assistant Secretary of Defense 
for Sustainment, in coordination with the Joint Staff, shall submit to 
the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and House of 
Representatives a report on the implementation plan for prepositioned 
materiel and equipment required by section 321(b) of the National 
Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2014 (Public Law 113-66; 127 
Stat. 730; 10 U.S.C. 2229 note). Such report shall include each of the 
following:
        (1) A comprehensive list of the prepositioned materiel and 
    equipment programs of the Department of Defense.
        (2) A detailed description of how the plan will be implemented.
        (3) A description of the resources required to implement the 
    plan, including the amount of funds and personnel.
        (4) A description of how the plan will be reviewed and assessed 
    to monitor progress.
        (5) Guidance on applying a consistent definition of 
    prepositioning across the Department, including the military 
    departments, the combatant commands, and the Defense Agencies.
        (6) A detailed description of how the Secretary will implement 
    a joint oversight approach of the prepositioning programs of the 
    military departments.
    SEC. 357. PILOT PROGRAM TO TRAIN SKILLED TECHNICIANS IN CRITICAL 
      SHIPBUILDING SKILLS.
    (a) Establishment.--The Secretary of the Navy may carry out a pilot 
program to train individuals to become skilled technicians in critical 
shipbuilding skills such as welding, metrology, quality assurance, 
machining, and additive manufacturing.
    (b) Partnerships.--In carrying out the pilot program under this 
section, the Secretary may partner with existing Federal or State 
projects relating to investment and infrastructure in training and 
education or workforce development, such as the National Network for 
Manufacturing Innovation, the Industrial Base Analysis and Sustainment 
program of the Department of Defense, and the National Maritime 
Educational Council.
    (c) Termination.--The authority to carry out a pilot program under 
this section shall terminate on September 30, 2025.
    (d) Briefings.--If the Secretary carries out a pilot program under 
this section, the Secretary shall provide briefings to the Committees 
on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of Representatives as 
follows:
        (1) Not later than 30 days before beginning to implement the 
    pilot program, the Secretary shall provide a briefing on the plan, 
    cost estimate, and schedule for the pilot program.
        (2) Not less frequently than annually during the period when 
    the pilot program is carried out, the Secretary shall provide 
    briefings on the progress of the Secretary in carrying out the 
    pilot program.
    SEC. 358. REQUIREMENT FOR MILITARY DEPARTMENT INTER-SERVICE DEPOT 
      MAINTENANCE.
    (a) Joint Process for Technical Compliance and Quality Control.--If 
the Secretary of a military department transfers any maintenance action 
on a platform to a depot under the jurisdiction of the Secretary of 
another military department, the two Secretaries shall develop and 
implement a process to ensure the technical compliance and quality 
control for the work performed.
    (b) Requirements.--A process developed under subsection (a) shall 
include the following requirements--
        (1) The Secretary of the military department with jurisdiction 
    over the depot to which the maintenance action is transferred 
    shall--
            (A) ensure that the technical specifications, requirements, 
        and standards for work to be performed are provided to such 
        action or depot; and
            (B) implement procedures to ensure that completed work 
        complies with such specifications, requirements and standards.
        (2) The Secretary who transfers the maintenance activity or 
    depot shall ensure that--
            (A) the technical specifications and requirements are 
        clearly understood; and
            (B) the work performed is completed to the technical 
        specifications, requirements, and standards prescribed under 
        paragraph (1), and that the Secretary of the military 
        department with jurisdiction over the depot is informed of any 
        shortcoming or discrepancy.
    (c) Reports.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition 
and Sustainment shall submit to the congressional defense committees a 
report containing a certification that sufficient policy and procedures 
are in place to ensure quality control when the depot or maintenance 
activities of one military department support another. The report shall 
include a description of known shortfalls in existing policies and 
procedures and actions the Department of Defense is taking to address 
such shortfalls.
    SEC. 359. STRATEGY TO IMPROVE INFRASTRUCTURE OF CERTAIN DEPOTS OF 
      THE DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE.
    (a) Strategy Required.--Not later than October 1, 2020, the 
Secretary of Defense shall submit to the congressional defense 
committees a comprehensive strategy for improving the depot 
infrastructure of the military departments with the objective of 
ensuring that all covered depots have the capacity and capability to 
support the readiness and material availability goals of current and 
future weapon systems of the Department of Defense.
    (b) Elements.--The strategy under subsection (a) shall include the 
following:
        (1) A comprehensive review of the conditions and performance at 
    each covered depot, including the following:
            (A) An assessment of the current status of the following 
        elements:
                (i) Cost and schedule performance of the depot.
                (ii) Material availability of weapon systems supported 
            at the depot and the impact of the performance of the depot 
            on that availability.
                (iii) Work in progress and non-operational items 
            awaiting depot maintenance.
                (iv) The condition of the depot.
                (v) The backlog of restoration and modernization 
            projects at the depot.
                (vi) The condition of equipment at the depot.
                (vii) the vulnerability of the depot to adverse 
            environmental conditions and, if necessary, the investment 
            required to withstand those conditions.
            (B) An identification of analytically based goals relating 
        to the elements identified in subparagraph (A).
        (2) A business-case analysis that assesses investment 
    alternatives comparing cost, performance, risk, and readiness 
    outcomes and recommends an optimal investment approach across the 
    Department of Defense to ensure covered depots efficiently and 
    effectively meet the readiness goals of the Department, including 
    an assessment of the following alternatives:
            (A) The minimum investment necessary to meet investment 
        requirements under section 2476 of title 10, United States 
        Code.
            (B) The investment necessary to ensure the current 
        inventory of facilities at covered depots can meet the mission-
        capable, readiness, and contingency goals of the Secretary of 
        Defense.
            (C) The investment necessary to execute the depot 
        infrastructure optimization plans of each military department.
            (D) Any other strategies for investment in covered depots, 
        as identified by the Secretary.
        (3) A plan to improve conditions and performance of covered 
    depots that identifies the following:
            (A) The approach of the Secretary of Defense for achieving 
        the goals outlined in paragraph (1)(B).
            (B) The resources and investments required to implement the 
        plan.
            (C) The activities and milestones required to implement the 
        plan.
            (D) A results-oriented approach to assess--
                (i) the progress of each military department in 
            achieving such goals; and
                (ii) the progress of the Department in implementing the 
            plan.
            (E) Organizational roles and responsibilities for 
        implementing the plan.
            (F) A process for conducting regular management review and 
        coordination of the progress of each military department in 
        implementing the plan and achieving such goals.
            (G) The extent to which the Secretary has addressed 
        recommendations made by the Comptroller General of the United 
        States relating to depot operations during the five-year period 
        preceding the date of submittal of the strategy under this 
        section.
            (H) Risks to implementing the plan and mitigation 
        strategies to address those risks.
    (c) Annual Report on Progress.--As part of the annual budget 
submission of the President under section 1105(a) of title 31, United 
States Code, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the congressional 
defense committees a report describing the progress made in--
        (1) implementing the strategy under subsection (a); and
        (2) achieving the goals outlined in subsection (b)(1)(B).
    (d) Comptroller General Reports.--
        (1) Assessment of strategy.--Not later than January 1, 2021, 
    the Comptroller General of the United States shall submit to the 
    congressional defense committees a report assessing the extent to 
    which the strategy under subsection (a) meets the requirements of 
    this section.
        (2) Assessment of implementation.--Not later than April 1, 
    2022, the Comptroller General shall submit to the congressional 
    defense committees a report setting forth an assessment of the 
    extent to which the strategy under subsection (a) has been 
    effectively implemented by each military department and the 
    Secretary of Defense.
    (e) Covered Depot Defined.--In this section, the term ``covered 
depot'' has the meaning given that term in section 2476(e) of title 10, 
United States Code.

                          Subtitle E--Reports

    SEC. 361. READINESS REPORTING.
    (a) Readiness Reporting System.--Section 117 of title 10, United 
States Code, is amended--
        (1) by striking subsections (d) through (g); and
        (2) by redesignating subsection (h) as subsection (d).
    (b) Quarterly Reports.--Section 482 of title 10, United States 
Code, is amended--
        (1) in the section heading, by striking ``Quarterly reports: 
    personnel and unit readiness'' and inserting ``Readiness reports'';
        (2) in subsection (a)--
            (A) In the subsection heading, by striking ``Quarterly 
        Reports Required'' and inserting ``Reports and Briefings'';
            (B) In the first sentence--
                (i) by striking ``Not later'' and inserting ``(1) Not 
            later''; and
                (ii) by striking ``each calendar-year quarter'' and 
            inserting ``the second and fourth quarter of each calendar 
            year'';
            (C) by striking the second and third sentences and 
        inserting ``The Secretary of Defense shall submit each such 
        report in writing and shall also submit a copy of each such 
        report to the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff.''; and
            (D) by adding at the end the following new paragraphs:
    ``(2) Not later than 30 days after the end of the first and third 
quarter of each calendar year, the Secretary of Defense shall provide 
to Congress a briefing regarding the military readiness of the active 
and reserve components.
    ``(3) Each report under this subsection shall contain the elements 
required by subsection (b) for the quarter covered by the report, and 
each briefing shall address any changes to the elements described in 
subsection (b) since the submittal of the most recently submitted 
report.'';
        (3) by striking subsection (b) and inserting the following:
    ``(b) Required Elements.--The elements described in this subsection 
are each of the following:
        ``(1) A description of each readiness problem or deficiency 
    that affects the ground, sea, air, space, cyber, or special 
    operations forces, and any other area determined appropriate by the 
    Secretary of Defense.
        ``(2) The key contributing factors, indicators, and other 
    relevant information related to each identified problem or 
    deficiency.
        ``(3) The short-term mitigation strategy the Department will 
    employ to address each readiness problem or deficiency until a 
    resolution is in place, as well as the timeline, cost, and any 
    legislative remedies required to support the resolution.
        ``(4) A summary of combat readiness ratings for the key force 
    elements assessed, including specific information on personnel, 
    supply, equipment, and training problems or deficiencies that 
    affect the combat readiness ratings for each force element.
        ``(5) A summary of each upgrade or downgrade of the combat 
    readiness of a unit that was issued by the commander of the unit, 
    together with the rationale of the commander for the issuance of 
    such upgrade or downgrade.
        ``(6) A summary of the readiness of supporting capabilities, 
    including infrastructure, prepositioned equipment and supplies, and 
    mobility assets, and other supporting logistics capabilities.
        ``(7) A summary of the readiness of the combat support and 
    related agencies, any readiness problem or deficiency affecting any 
    mission essential tasks of any such agency, and actions recommended 
    to address any such problem or deficiency.
        ``(8) A list of all Class A, Class B, and Class C mishaps that 
    occurred in operations related to combat support and training 
    events involving aviation, ground, or naval platforms, weapons, 
    space, or Government vehicles, as defined by Department of Defense 
    Instruction 6055.07, or a successor instruction.
        ``(9) Information on the extent to which units of the armed 
    forces have removed serviceable parts, supplies, or equipment from 
    one vehicle, vessel, or aircraft in order to render a different 
    vehicle, vessel, or aircraft operational.
        ``(10) Such other information as determined necessary or 
    appropriate by the Secretary of Defense.'';
        (4) by striking subsections (d) through (h) and subsection (j);
        (5) by redesignating subsection (i) as subsection (e); and
        (6) by inserting after subsection (c) the following new 
    subsections (d):
    ``(d) Semi-Annual Joint Force Readiness Review.--(1) Not later than 
30 days after the last day of the first and third quarter of each 
calendar year, the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff shall submit 
to Congress a written report on the capability of the armed forces, the 
combat support and related agencies, operational contract support, and 
the geographic and functional combatant commands to execute their 
wartime missions based upon their posture and readiness as of the time 
the review is conducted.
    ``(2) The Chairman shall produce the report required under this 
subsection using information derived from the quarterly reports 
required by subsection (a).
    ``(3) Each report required by this subsection shall include an 
assessment by each commander of a geographic or functional combatant 
command of the readiness of the command to conduct operations in a 
multidomain battle that integrates ground, sea, air, space, cyber, and 
special operations forces.
    ``(4) The Chairman shall submit to the Secretary of Defense a copy 
of each report under this subsection.''.
    (c) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning of 
chapter 23 of such title is amended by striking the item relating to 
section 482 and inserting the following new item:

``482. Readiness reports.''.
    SEC. 362. TECHNICAL CORRECTION TO DEADLINE FOR TRANSITION TO 
      DEFENSE READINESS REPORTING SYSTEM STRATEGIC.
    Section 358(c) of the John S. McCain National Defense Authorization 
Act for Fiscal Year 2019 (Public Law 115-232) is amended by striking 
``October 1, 2019'' and inserting ``October 1, 2020''.
    SEC. 363. REPORT ON NAVY SHIP DEPOT MAINTENANCE BUDGET.
    (a) In General.--Not later than March 1 of each of 2020, 2021, and 
2022, the Secretary of the Navy shall submit to the Committees on Armed 
Services of the Senate and House of Representatives a report on the 
Operation and Maintenance, Ship Depot Maintenance budget sub-activity 
group.
    (b) Elements.--The report required under subsection (a) shall 
include each of the following elements:
        (1) A breakdown of funding, categorized by class of ship, 
    requested for ship and submarine maintenance.
        (2) A description of how the requested funding, categorized by 
    class of ship, compares to the identified ship maintenance 
    requirement.
        (3) The amount of funds appropriated for each class of ship for 
    the preceding fiscal year.
        (4) The amount of funds obligated and expended for each class 
    of ship for each of the three preceding fiscal years.
        (5) The cost, categorized by class of ship, of unplanned growth 
    work for each of the three preceding fiscal years.
    SEC. 364. REPORT ON RUNIT DOME.
    (a) Report Required.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Energy shall submit to the 
Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and House of Representatives 
a report on the status of the Runit Dome in the Marshal Islands.
    (b) Matters for Inclusion.--The report required by subsection (a) 
shall include each of the following:
        (1) A detailed plan to repair the dome to ensure that it does 
    not have any harmful effects to the local population, environment, 
    or wildlife, including the projected costs of implementing such 
    plan.
        (2) The effects on the environment that the dome has currently 
    and is projected to have in 5 years, 10 years, and 20 years.
        (3) An assessment of the current condition of the outer 
    constructs of the dome.
        (4) An assessment of the current and long-term safety to local 
    humans posed by the site.
        (5) An assessment of how rising sea levels might affect the 
    dome.
        (6) A summary of interactions between the Government of the 
    United States and the government of the Marshall Islands about the 
    dome.
    (c) Form of Report.--The report required by subsection (a) shall be 
submitted in unclassified form and made publicly available.
    SEC. 365. PROHIBITION ON SUBJECTIVE UPGRADES BY COMMANDERS OF UNIT 
      RATINGS IN MONTHLY READINESS REPORTING ON MILITARY UNITS.
    (a) In General.--The Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff shall 
modify Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff Instruction (CJCSI) 
3401.02B, on Force Readiness Reporting, to prohibit the commander of a 
military unit who is responsible for monthly reporting of the readiness 
of the unit under the instruction from making any upgrade of the 
overall rating of the unit (commonly referred to as the ``C-rating'') 
for such reporting purposes based in whole or in part on subjective 
factors.
    (b) Waiver.--
        (1) In general.--The modification required by subsection (a) 
    shall authorize an officer in a general or flag officer grade in 
    the chain of command of a commander described in that subsection to 
    waive the prohibition described in that subsection in connection 
    with readiness reporting on the unit concerned if the officer 
    considers the waiver appropriate in the circumstances.
        (2) Reporting on waivers.--Each report on personnel and unit 
    readiness submitted to Congress for a calendar year quarter 
    pursuant to section 482 of title 10, United States Code, shall 
    include information on each waiver, if any, issued pursuant to 
    paragraph (1) during such calendar year quarter.
    SEC. 366. REQUIREMENT TO INCLUDE FOREIGN LANGUAGE PROFICIENCY IN 
      READINESS REPORTING SYSTEMS OF DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE.
    Not later than 90 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, 
the Secretary of Defense and the Secretary of each military department 
shall include in the Global Readiness and Force Management Enterprise, 
for the appropriate billets with relevant foreign language 
requirements, measures of foreign language proficiency as a mandatory 
element of unit readiness reporting, to include the Defense Readiness 
Reporting Systems-Strategic (DRRS-S) and all other subordinate systems 
that report readiness data.

                       Subtitle F--Other Matters

    SEC. 371. PREVENTION OF ENCROACHMENT ON MILITARY TRAINING ROUTES 
      AND MILITARY OPERATIONS AREAS.
    Section 183a of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
        (1) in subsection (c)(6), in the second sentence--
            (A) by striking ``radar or airport surveillance radar 
        operated'' and inserting ``radar, airport surveillance radar, 
        or wide area surveillance over-the-horizon radar operated''; 
        and
            (B) by inserting ``Any setback for a project pursuant to 
        the previous sentence shall not be more than what is determined 
        to be necessary by a technical analysis conducted by the 
        Lincoln Laboratory at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology 
        or any successor entity.'' after ``mitigation options.'';
        (2) in subsection (d)--
            (A) in paragraph (2)(E), by striking ``to a Deputy 
        Secretary of Defense, an Under Secretary of Defense, or a 
        Principal Deputy Under Secretary of Defense'' and inserting 
        ``to the Deputy Secretary of Defense, an Under Secretary of 
        Defense, or a Deputy Under Secretary of Defense'';
            (B) by redesignating paragraph (3) as paragraph (4); and
            (C) by inserting after paragraph (2) the following new 
        paragraph (3):
    ``(3) The governor of a State may recommend to the Secretary of 
Defense additional geographical areas of concern within that State. Any 
such recommendation shall be submitted for notice and comment pursuant 
to paragraph (2)(C).'';
        (3) in subsection (e)(3), by striking ``an under secretary of 
    defense, or a deputy under secretary of defense'' and inserting 
    ``an Under Secretary of Defense, or a Deputy Under Secretary of 
    Defense'';
        (4) in subsection (f), in the first sentence, by striking 
    ``from an applicant for a project filed with the Secretary of 
    Transportation pursuant to section 44718 of title 49'' and 
    inserting ``from an entity requesting a review by the Clearinghouse 
    under this section''; and
        (5) in subsection (h)--
            (A) by redesignating paragraphs (3), (4), (5), (6), and (7) 
        as paragraphs (4), (5), (6), (7), and (9), respectively;
            (B) by inserting after paragraph (2) the following new 
        paragraph (3):
        ``(3) The term `governor', with respect to a State, means the 
    chief executive officer of the State.'';
            (C) in paragraph (7), as redesignated by subparagraph (A), 
        by striking ``by the Federal Aviation Administration'' and 
        inserting ``by the Administrator of the Federal Aviation 
        Administration''; and
            (D) by inserting after paragraph (7), as redesignated by 
        subparagraph (A), the following new paragraph:
        ``(8) The term `State' means the several States, the District 
    of Columbia, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, the Commonwealth of 
    the Northern Mariana Islands, Guam, the United States Virgin 
    Islands, and American Samoa.''.
    SEC. 372. EXPANSION AND ENHANCEMENT OF AUTHORITIES ON TRANSFER AND 
      ADOPTION OF MILITARY ANIMALS.
    (a) Transfer and Adoption Generally.--Section 2583 of title 10, 
United States Code, is amended--
        (1) in subsection (a)--
            (A) in the subsection heading, by inserting ``Transfer or'' 
        before ``Adoption''; and
            (B) by striking ``adoption'' each place it appears and 
        inserting ``transfer or adoption'';
        (2) in subsection (b)--
            (A) in the subsection heading, by inserting ``Transfer or'' 
        before ``Adoption''; and
            (B) in the first sentence, by striking ``adoption'' and 
        inserting ``transfer or adoption''; and
            (C) in the second sentence, striking ``adoptability'' and 
        inserting ``transferability or adoptability'';
        (3) in subsection (c)(1)--
            (A) in the matter preceding subparagraph (A)--
                (i) by inserting ``transfer or'' before ``adoption''; 
            and
                (ii) by inserting ``, by'' after ``recommended 
            priority'';
            (B) in subparagraphs (A) and (B), by inserting ``adoption'' 
        before ``by'';
            (C) in subparagraph (B), by inserting ``or organizations'' 
        after ``persons''; and
            (D) in subparagraph (C), by striking ``by'' and inserting 
        ``transfer to''; and
        (4) in subsection (e)--
            (A) in the subsection heading, by inserting ``or 
        Adopted''after ``Transferred'';
            (B) in paragraphs (1) and (2), by striking ``transferred'' 
        each place it appears and inserting ``transferred or adopted''; 
        and
            (C) in paragraph (2), by striking ``transfer'' each place 
        it appears and inserting ``transfer or adoption''.
    (b) Veterinary Screening and Care for Military Working Dogs to Be 
Retired.--Such section is further amended--
        (1) by redesignating subsections (f), (g), and (h) as 
    subsections (g), (h), and (i), respectively; and
        (2) by inserting after subsection (e) the following new 
    subsection (f):
    ``(f) Veterinary Screening and Care for Military Working Dogs To Be 
Retired.--(1)(A) If the Secretary of the military department concerned 
determines that a military working dog should be retired, such 
Secretary shall transport the dog to the Veterinary Treatment Facility 
at Lackland Air Force Base, Texas.
    ``(B) In the case of a contract working dog to be retired, 
transportation required by subparagraph (A) is satisfied by the 
transfer of the dog to the 341st Training Squadron at the end of the 
dog's service life as required by section 2410r of this title and 
assignment of the dog to the Veterinary Treatment Facility referred to 
in that subparagraph.
    ``(2)(A) The Secretary of Defense shall ensure that each dog 
transported as described in paragraph (1) to the Veterinary Treatment 
Facility referred to in that paragraph is provided with a full 
veterinary screening, and necessary veterinary care (including surgery 
for any mental, dental, or stress-related illness), before 
transportation of the dog in accordance with subsection (g).
    ``(B) For purposes of this paragraph, stress-related illness 
includes illness in connection with post-traumatic stress, anxiety that 
manifests in a physical ailment, obsessive compulsive behavior, and any 
other stress-related ailment.
    ``(3) Transportation is not required under paragraph (1), and 
screening and care is not required under paragraph (2), for a military 
working dog located outside the United States if the Secretary of the 
military department concerned determines that transportation of the dog 
to the United States would not be in the best interests of the dog for 
medical reasons.''.
    (c) Coordination of Screening and Care Requirements With 
Transportation Requirements.--Subsection (g) of such section, as 
redesignated by subsection (b)(1) of this section, is amended to read 
as follows:
    ``(g) Transportation of Retiring Military Working Dogs.--Upon 
completion of veterinary screening and care for a military working dog 
to be retired pursuant to subsection (f), the Secretary of the military 
department concerned shall--
        ``(1) if the dog was at a location outside the United States 
    immediately prior to transportation for such screening and care and 
    a United States citizen or member of the armed forces living abroad 
    agrees to adopt the dog, transport the dog to such location for 
    adoption; or
        ``(2) for any other dog, transport the dog--
            ``(A) to the 341st Training Squadron;
            ``(B) to another location within the United States for 
        transfer or adoption under this section.''.
    (d) Preservation of Policy on Transfer of Military Working Dogs to 
Law Enforcement Agencies.--Subsection (h) of such section, as so 
redesignated, is amended in paragraph (3) by striking ``adoption of 
military working dogs'' and all that follows through the period at the 
end and inserting ``transfer of military working dogs to law 
enforcement agencies before the end of the dogs' useful working 
lives.''.
    (e) Clarification of Horses Treatable as Military Animals.--
Subsection (i) of such section, as so redesignated, is amended by 
striking paragraph (2) and inserting the following new paragraph (2):
        ``(2) An equid (horse, mule, or donkey) owned by the Department 
    of Defense.''.
    (f) Contract Term for Contract Working Dogs.--Section 2410r(a) of 
title 10, United States Code, is amended--
        (1) by inserting ``, and shall contain a contract term,'' after 
    ``shall require'';
        (2) by inserting ``and assigned for veterinary screening and 
    care in accordance with section 2583 of this title'' after ``341st 
    Training Squadron''; and
        (3) by striking ``section 2583 of this title'' and inserting 
    ``such section''.
    SEC. 373. EXTENSION OF AUTHORITY FOR SECRETARY OF DEFENSE TO USE 
      DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE REIMBURSEMENT RATE FOR TRANSPORTATION 
      SERVICES PROVIDED TO CERTAIN NON-DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE ENTITIES.
    Section 2642(b) of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
striking ``October 1, 2019'' and inserting ``October 1, 2024''.
    SEC. 374. EXTENSION OF AUTHORITY OF SECRETARY OF TRANSPORTATION TO 
      ISSUE NON-PREMIUM AVIATION INSURANCE.
    Section 44310(b) of title 49, United States Code, is amended by 
striking ``December 31, 2019'' and inserting ``September 30, 2023''.
    SEC. 375. DEFENSE PERSONAL PROPERTY PROGRAM.
    (a) Report on Personal Property Program Improvement Action Plan.--
        (1) In general.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
    enactment of this Act, the Under Secretary of Defense for 
    Acquisition and Sustainment and the Under Secretary of Defense for 
    Personnel and Readiness shall jointly submit to the congressional 
    defense committees a report on implementation of the Personal 
    Property Program Improvement Action Plan that was developed by the 
    Personnel Relocation/Household Goods Movement Cross-Functional 
    Team.
        (2) Contents of report.--The report required under paragraph 
    (1) shall include updated information on the efforts of the 
    Department of Defense to--
            (A) integrate permanent-change-of-station orders with 
        transportation systems;
            (B) reduce the number of report dates during peak moving 
        season;
            (C) synchronize the communication of information about 
        orders to all parties involved, including industry;
            (D) improve lead time for permanent-change-of-station 
        orders;
            (E) meet quality assurance inspection standards;
            (F) improve the claims review process; and
            (G) incorporate predictive analytics to anticipate 
        potentially problematic shipments.
        (3) Briefing.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
    enactment of this Act, the Under Secretary of Defense for 
    Acquisition and Sustainment and the Assistant Secretary of Defense 
    for Personnel and Readiness shall jointly provide to the 
    congressional defense committees a briefing on the report required 
    under this subsection.
    (b) Business Case Analysis.--Not later than 30 days after the date 
of the enactment of this Act, the Commander of United States 
Transportation Command shall submit to the congressional defense 
committees a business case analysis for the proposed award of a global 
household goods contract for the defense personal property program.
    (c) GAO Report.--Not later than 30 days after the date on which the 
Commander of United States Transportation Command submits the business 
case analysis required by subsection (b), the Comptroller General of 
the United States shall submit to the congressional defense committees 
a report on a comprehensive study conducted by the Comptroller General 
that includes--
        (1) an analysis of the effects that the outsourcing of the 
    management and oversight of the movement of household goods to a 
    private entity or entities would have on members of the Armed 
    Forces and their families;
        (2) a comprehensive cost-benefit analysis; and
        (3) recommendations for changes to the strategy of the 
    Department of Defense for the defense personal property program.
    (d) Limitation.--None of the funds authorized to be appropriated by 
this Act or otherwise made available for the Department of Defense for 
fiscal year 2020 may be used to enter into a global household goods 
contract until April 1, 2020.
    (e) Definitions.--In this section:
        (1) The term ``global household goods contract'' means the 
    solicitation managed by United States Transportation Command to 
    engage a private entity to manage the defense personal property 
    program.
        (2) The term ``defense personal property program'' means the 
    Department of Defense program used to manage the shipment of the 
    baggage and household effects of members of the Armed Forces under 
    section 476 of title 37, United States Code.
    SEC. 376. PUBLIC EVENTS ABOUT RED HILL BULK FUEL STORAGE FACILITY.
    (a) Requirement.--At least once every calendar quarter, the 
Secretary of the Navy, or the designee of the Secretary, shall hold an 
event that is open to the public at which the Secretary shall provide 
up-to-date information about the Red Hill Bulk Fuel Storage Facility.
    (b) Termination.--The requirement to hold events under subsection 
(a) shall terminate on the earlier of the following dates:
        (1) September 30, 2025.
        (2) The date on which the Red Hill Bulk Fuel Storage Facility 
    ceases operation.
    SEC. 377. SENSE OF CONGRESS REGARDING INNOVATIVE READINESS TRAINING 
      PROGRAM.
    It is the sense of Congress that--
        (1) the Innovative Readiness Training program is an effective 
    training program for members of the Armed Forces and is highly 
    beneficial to civilian-military relationships with local American 
    communities;
        (2) due to the geographic complexities and realities of non-
    contiguous States and territories, Innovative Readiness Training 
    has lent greater benefit to such States and territories while 
    providing unique and realistic training opportunities and 
    deployment readiness for members of the Armed Forces;
        (3) the Department of Defense should pursue continued 
    Innovative Readiness Training opportunities, and, where applicable, 
    strongly encourage the use of Innovative Readiness Training in non-
    contiguous States and territories; and
        (4) in considering whether to recommend a project, the 
    Secretary should consider the benefits of the project to the 
    economy of a region damaged by natural disasters.
    SEC. 378. DETONATION CHAMBERS FOR EXPLOSIVE ORDNANCE DISPOSAL.
    (a) In General.--The Secretary of the Navy shall purchase and 
operate a portable closed detonation chamber and water jet cutting 
system to be deployed at a former naval bombardment area located 
outside the continental United States that is part of an active 
remediation program using amounts made available for environmental 
restoration, Navy. Upon a determination by the Secretary of the Navy 
that the chamber has completed the mission of destroying appropriately 
sized munitions at such former naval bombardment area, the Secretary 
may deploy the chamber to another location.
    (b) Authorization of Appropriations.--There is authorized to be 
appropriated for fiscal year 2020 $10,000,000 to carry out subsection 
(a).

              TITLE IV--MILITARY PERSONNEL AUTHORIZATIONS

                        Subtitle A--Active Forces

Sec. 401. End strengths for active forces.
Sec. 402. Revisions in permanent active duty end strength minimum 
          levels.

                       Subtitle B--Reserve Forces

Sec. 411. End strengths for Selected Reserve.
Sec. 412. End strengths for Reserves on active duty in support of the 
          reserves.
Sec. 413. End strengths for military technicians (dual status).
Sec. 414. Maximum number of reserve personnel authorized to be on active 
          duty for operational support.
Sec. 415. Authorized strengths for Marine Corps Reserves on active duty.
Sec. 416. Modification of authorized strength of Air Force Reserve 
          serving on full-time reserve component duty for administration 
          of the reserves or the National Guard.

               Subtitle C--Authorization of Appropriations

Sec. 421. Military personnel.

                       Subtitle A--Active Forces

    SEC. 401. END STRENGTHS FOR ACTIVE FORCES.
    The Armed Forces are authorized strengths for active duty personnel 
as of September 30, 2020, as follows:
        (1) The Army, 480,000.
        (2) The Navy, 340,500.
        (3) The Marine Corps, 186,200.
        (4) The Air Force, 332,800.
    SEC. 402. REVISIONS IN PERMANENT ACTIVE DUTY END STRENGTH MINIMUM 
      LEVELS.
    Section 691(b) of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
striking paragraphs (1) through (4) and inserting the following new 
paragraphs:
        ``(1) For the Army, 480,000.
        ``(2) For the Navy, 340,500.
        ``(3) For the Marine Corps, 186,200.
        ``(4) For the Air Force, 332,800.''.

                       Subtitle B--Reserve Forces

    SEC. 411. END STRENGTHS FOR SELECTED RESERVE.
    (a) In General.--The Armed Forces are authorized strengths for 
Selected Reserve personnel of the reserve components as of September 
30, 2020, as follows:
        (1) The Army National Guard of the United States, 336,000.
        (2) The Army Reserve, 189,500.
        (3) The Navy Reserve, 59,000.
        (4) The Marine Corps Reserve, 38,500.
        (5) The Air National Guard of the United States, 107,700.
        (6) The Air Force Reserve, 70,100.
        (7) The Coast Guard Reserve, 7,000.
    (b) End Strength Reductions.--The end strengths prescribed by 
subsection (a) for the Selected Reserve of any reserve component shall 
be proportionately reduced by--
        (1) the total authorized strength of units organized to serve 
    as units of the Selected Reserve of such component which are on 
    active duty (other than for training) at the end of the fiscal 
    year; and
        (2) the total number of individual members not in units 
    organized to serve as units of the Selected Reserve of such 
    component who are on active duty (other than for training or for 
    unsatisfactory participation in training) without their consent at 
    the end of the fiscal year.
    (c) End Strength Increases.--Whenever units or individual members 
of the Selected Reserve of any reserve component are released from 
active duty during any fiscal year, the end strength prescribed for 
such fiscal year for the Selected Reserve of such reserve component 
shall be increased proportionately by the total authorized strengths of 
such units and by the total number of such individual members.
    SEC. 412. END STRENGTHS FOR RESERVES ON ACTIVE DUTY IN SUPPORT OF 
      THE RESERVES.
    Within the end strengths prescribed in section 411(a), the reserve 
components of the Armed Forces are authorized, as of September 30, 
2020, the following number of Reserves to be serving on full-time 
active duty or full-time duty, in the case of members of the National 
Guard, for the purpose of organizing, administering, recruiting, 
instructing, or training the reserve components:
        (1) The Army National Guard of the United States, 30,595.
        (2) The Army Reserve, 16,511.
        (3) The Navy Reserve, 10,155.
        (4) The Marine Corps Reserve, 2,386.
        (5) The Air National Guard of the United States, 22,637.
        (6) The Air Force Reserve, 4,431.
    SEC. 413. END STRENGTHS FOR MILITARY TECHNICIANS (DUAL STATUS).
    (a) In General.--The minimum number of military technicians (dual 
status) as of the last day of fiscal year 2020 for the reserve 
components of the Army and the Air Force (notwithstanding section 129 
of title 10, United States Code) shall be the following:
        (1) For the Army National Guard of the United States, 22,294.
        (2) For the Army Reserve, 6,492.
        (3) For the Air National Guard of the United States, 13,569.
        (4) For the Air Force Reserve, 8,938.
    (b) Limitation.--Under no circumstances may a military technician 
(dual status) employed under the authority of this section be coerced 
by a State into accepting an offer of realignment or conversion to any 
other military status, including as a member of the Active, Guard, and 
Reserve program of a reserve component. If a military technician (dual 
status) declines to participate in such realignment or conversion, no 
further action will be taken against the individual or the individual's 
position.
    (c) Adjustment of Authorized Strength.--
        (1) In general.--If, at the end of fiscal year 2019, the Air 
    National Guard of the United States does not meet its full-time 
    support realignment goals for such fiscal year (as presented in the 
    justification materials of the Department of Defense in support of 
    the budget of the President for such fiscal year under section 1105 
    of title 31, United States Code), the authorized number of military 
    technicians (dual status) of the Air National Guard of the United 
    States under subsection (a)(3) shall be increased by the number 
    equal to the difference between--
            (A) 3,190, which is the number of military technicians 
        (dual status) positions in the Air National Guard of the United 
        States sought to be converted to the Active, Guard, and Reserve 
        program of the Air National Guard during fiscal year 2019; and
            (B) the number of realigned positions achieved in the Air 
        National Guard by the end of fiscal year 2019.
        (2) Limitation.--The increase under paragraph (1) in the 
    authorized number of military technician (dual status) positions 
    described in that paragraph may not exceed 2,292.
        (3) Decrease in authorized number of angus reserves on active 
    duty in support of the reserves.--In the event of an adjustment to 
    the authorized number military technicians (dual status) of the Air 
    National Guard of the United States under this subsection, the 
    number of members of the Air National Guard of the United States 
    authorized by section 412(5) to be on active duty as of September 
    30, 2020, shall be decreased by the number equal to the number of 
    such adjustment.
    (d) Certification.--Not later than January 1, 2020, the Chief of 
the National Guard Bureau shall certify to the Committees on Armed 
Services of the Senate and House of Representatives the number of 
positions realigned from a military technician (dual status) position 
to a position in the Active, Guard, and Reserve program of a reserve 
component in fiscal year 2019.
    (e) Definitions.--In subsections (b), (c), and (d):
        (1) The term ``realigned position'' means any military 
    technician (dual status) position which has been converted or 
    realigned to a position in an Active, Guard, and Reserve program of 
    a reserve component under the full time support rebalancing plan of 
    the Armed Force concerned, regardless of whether such position is 
    encumbered.
        (2) The term ``Active, Guard, and Reserve program'', in the 
    case of a reserve component, means the program of the reserve 
    component under which Reserves serve on full-time active duty or 
    full-time duty, in the case of members of the National Guard, for 
    the purpose of organizing, administering, recruiting, instructing, 
    or training such reserve component.
    SEC. 414. MAXIMUM NUMBER OF RESERVE PERSONNEL AUTHORIZED TO BE ON 
      ACTIVE DUTY FOR OPERATIONAL SUPPORT.
    During fiscal year 2020, the maximum number of members of the 
reserve components of the Armed Forces who may be serving at any time 
on full-time operational support duty under section 115(b) of title 10, 
United States Code, is the following:
        (1) The Army National Guard of the United States, 17,000.
        (2) The Army Reserve, 13,000.
        (3) The Navy Reserve, 6,200.
        (4) The Marine Corps Reserve, 3,000.
        (5) The Air National Guard of the United States, 16,000.
        (6) The Air Force Reserve, 14,000.
    SEC. 415. AUTHORIZED STRENGTHS FOR MARINE CORPS RESERVES ON ACTIVE 
      DUTY.
    (a) Officers.--Section 12011(a)(1) of title 10, United States Code, 
is amended by striking those parts of the table pertaining to the 
Marine Corps Reserve and inserting the following:
    ``Marine Corps Reserve:


1,000.........................           99            63            20
1,200.........................          103            67            21
1,300.........................          107            70            22
1,400.........................          111            73            23
1,500.........................          114            76            24
1,600.........................          117            79            25
1,700.........................          120            82            26
1,800.........................          123            85            27
1,900.........................          126            88            28
2,000.........................          129            91            29
2,100.........................          132            94            30
2,200.........................          134            97            31
2,300.........................          136           100            32
2,400.........................          143           105            34
2,500.........................          149           109            35
2,600.........................          155           113            36
2,700.........................          161           118            37
2,800.........................          167           122            39
2,900.........................          173           126            41
3,000.........................          179           130         42''.
 


    (c) Senior Enlisted Members.--Section 12012(a) of title 10, United 
States Code, is amended by striking those parts of the table pertaining 
to the Marine Corps Reserve and inserting the following:
    ``Marine Corps Reserve:


1,100.......................................           50            11
1,200.......................................           55            12
1,300.......................................           60            13
1,400.......................................           65            14
1,500.......................................           70            15
1,600.......................................           75            16
1,700.......................................           80            17
1,800.......................................           85            18
1,900.......................................           89            19
2,000.......................................           93            20
2,100.......................................           96            21
2,200.......................................           99            22
2,300.......................................          101            23
2,400.......................................          106            24
2,500.......................................          112            25
2,600.......................................          116            26
2,700.......................................          121            27
2,800.......................................          125            28
2,900.......................................          130            29
3,000.......................................          134         30''.
 



    SEC. 416. MODIFICATION OF AUTHORIZED STRENGTH OF AIR FORCE RESERVE 
      SERVING ON FULL-TIME RESERVE COMPONENT DUTY FOR ADMINISTRATION OF 
      THE RESERVES OR THE NATIONAL GUARD.
    (a) In General.--The table in section 12011(a)(1) of title 10, 
United States Code, is amended by striking the matter relating to the 
Air Force Reserve and inserting the following new matter:


 
       ``Air Force Reserve
 
1,000                                      166          170          100
1,500                                      245          251          143
2,000                                      322          330          182
2,500                                      396          406          216
3,000                                      467          479          246
3,500                                      536          550          271
4,000                                      602          618          292
4,500                                      665          683          308
5,000                                      726          746          320
5,500                                      784          806          325
6,000                                      840          864          327
7,000                                      962          990          347
8,000                                    1,087        1,110          356
10,000                                   1,322        1,362       395''.
 


    (b) Effective Date.--The amendment made by subsection (a) shall 
take effect on October 1, 2019, and shall apply with respect to fiscal 
years beginning on or after that date.

              Subtitle C--Authorization of Appropriations

    SEC. 421. MILITARY PERSONNEL.
    (a) Authorization of Appropriations.--Funds are hereby authorized 
to be appropriated for fiscal year 2020 for the use of the Armed Forces 
and other activities and agencies of the Department of Defense for 
expenses, not otherwise provided for, for military personnel, as 
specified in the funding table in section 4401.
    (b) Construction of Authorization.--The authorization of 
appropriations in subsection (a) supersedes any other authorization of 
appropriations (definite or indefinite) for such purpose for fiscal 
year 2020.

                   TITLE V--MILITARY PERSONNEL POLICY

                  Subtitle A--Officer Personnel Policy

Sec. 501. Maker of original appointments in a regular or reserve 
          component of commissioned officers previously subject to 
          original appointment in other type of component.
Sec. 502. Furnishing of adverse information on officers to promotion 
          selection boards.
Sec. 503. Limitation on number of officers recommendable for promotion 
          by promotion selection boards.
Sec. 504. Expansion of authority for continuation on active duty of 
          officers in certain military specialties and career tracks.
Sec. 505. Management policies for joint qualified officers.
Sec. 506. Modification of authorities on management of deployments of 
          members of the Armed Forces and related unit operating and 
          personnel tempo matters.
Sec. 507. Personnel tempo of the Armed Forces and the United States 
          Special Operations Command during periods of inapplicability 
          of high-deployment limitations.
Sec. 508. Permanent authority to defer past age 64 the retirement of 
          chaplains in general and flag officer grades.
Sec. 509. Higher grade in retirement for officers following reopening of 
          determination or certification of retired grade.
Sec. 510. Authority of promotion boards to recommend that officers of 
          particular merit be placed higher on promotion list.
Sec. 510A. Availability on the internet of certain information about 
          officers serving in general or flag officer grades.
Sec. 510B. Functional badge or insignia upon commission for chaplains.

                Subtitle B--Reserve Component Management

Sec. 511. Modification of grade level threshold for Junior Reserve 
          Officers' Training Corps.
Sec. 512. Inclusion of STEM in courses of instruction for the Junior 
          Reserve Officers' Training Corps.
Sec. 513. Inclusion of homeschooled students in Junior Reserve Officers' 
          Training Corps units.
Sec. 514. Clarification of eligibility to serve as Commander, Marine 
          Forces Reserve.
Sec. 515. Extension and periodic evaluation of suicide prevention and 
          resilience program for the reserve components.
Sec. 516. Authority to defer mandatory separation at age 68 of officers 
          in medical specialties in the reserve components.
Sec. 517. Modernization of inspection authorities applicable to the 
          National Guard.
Sec. 518. Consultation with Chief of the National Guard Bureau in the 
          appointment or designation of National Guard property and 
          fiscal officers.
Sec. 519. Coast Guard Junior Reserve Officers' Training Corps.
Sec. 520. Repeal of requirement for review of certain Army Reserve 
          officer unit vacancy promotions by commanders of associated 
          active duty units.
Sec. 520A. Report on methods to enhance domestic response to large 
          scale, complex and catastrophic disasters.
Sec. 520B. Report and briefing on the Senior Reserve Officers' Training 
          Corps.
Sec. 520C. Sense of Congress on increase in number of Junior Reserve 
          Officers' Training Corps units.

   Subtitle C--General Service Authorities and Correction of Military 
                                 Records

Sec. 521. Advice and counsel of trauma experts in review by boards for 
          correction of military records and discharge review boards of 
          certain claims.
Sec. 522. Reduction in required number of members of discharge review 
          boards.
Sec. 523. Establishment of process to review a request for upgrade of 
          discharge or dismissal.
Sec. 524. Prohibition on reduction in the number of personnel assigned 
          to duty with a service review agency.
Sec. 525. Training of members of boards for correction of military 
          records and discharge review boards on sexual trauma, intimate 
          partner violence, spousal abuse, and related matters.
Sec. 526. Time requirements for certification of honorable service.
Sec. 527. Correction of certain discharge characterizations.
Sec. 528. Development of guidelines for use of unofficial sources of 
          information to determine eligibility of members and former 
          members of the Armed Forces for decorations when the service 
          records are incomplete because of damage to the official 
          record.
Sec. 529. Strategic plan for diversity and inclusion.
Sec. 530. Study regarding screening individuals who seek to enlist in 
          the Armed Forces.
Sec. 530A. Feasibility study regarding notification to Secretary of 
          Homeland Security of honorable discharges of non-citizens.
Sec. 530B. Sense of Congress regarding accession physicals.

                      Subtitle D--Military Justice

Sec. 531. Expansion of pre-referral matters reviewable by military 
          judges and military magistrates in the interest of efficiency 
          in military justice.
Sec. 532. Command influence.
Sec. 533. Statute of limitations for certain offenses.
Sec. 534. Public access to dockets, filings, and court records of 
          courts-martial or other records of trial of the military 
          justice system.
Sec. 535. Extension of Defense Advisory Committee on Investigation, 
          Prosecution, and Defense of Sexual Assault in the Armed 
          Forces.
Sec. 536. Authority for return of personal property to victims of sexual 
          assault who file a Restricted Report before conclusion of 
          related proceedings.
Sec. 537. Guidelines on sentences for offenses committed under the 
          Uniform Code of Military Justice.
Sec. 538. Notification of significant events and documentation of 
          preference for prosecution jurisdiction for victims of sexual 
          assault.
Sec. 539. Increase in number of digital forensic examiners for certain 
          military criminal investigative organizations.
Sec. 540. Increase in investigative personnel and Victim Witness 
          Assistance Program liaisons.
Sec. 540A. Training for sexual assault initial disposition authorities 
          on exercise of disposition authority for sexual assault and 
          collateral offenses.
Sec. 540B. Training for commanders in the Armed Forces on their role in 
          all stages of military justice in connection with sexual 
          assault.
Sec. 540C. Timely disposition of nonprosecutable sex-related offenses.
Sec. 540D. Department of Defense-wide policy and military department-
          specific programs on reinvigoration of the prevention of 
          sexual assault involving members of the Armed Forces.
Sec. 540E. Recommendations on separate punitive article in the Uniform 
          Code of Military Justice on sexual harassment.
Sec. 540F. Report on military justice system involving alternative 
          authority for determining whether to prefer or refer changes 
          for felony offenses under the Uniform Code of Military 
          Justice.
Sec. 540G. Report on standardization among the military departments in 
          collection and presentation of information on matters within 
          the military justice system.
Sec. 540H. Report on expansion of Air Force safe to report policy across 
          the Armed Forces.
Sec. 540I. Assessment of racial, ethnic, and gender disparities in the 
          military justice system.
Sec. 540J. Pilot programs on defense investigators in the military 
          justice system.
Sec. 540K. Report on preservation of recourse to restricted report on 
          sexual assault for victims of sexual assault following certain 
          victim or third-party communications.
Sec. 540L. Report on establishment of guardian ad litem program for 
          certain military dependents who are a victim or witness of an 
          offense under the Uniform Code of Military Justice involving 
          abuse or exploitation.
Sec. 540M. Comptroller General of the United States report on 
          implementation by the Armed Forces of recent statutory 
          requirements on sexual assault prevention and response in the 
          military.
Sec. 540N. Sense of Congress on the Port Chicago 50.

                     Subtitle E--Other Legal Matters

Sec. 541. Improvement of certain Special Victims' Counsel authorities.
Sec. 542. Availability of Special Victims' Counsel at military 
          installations.
Sec. 543. Notification of issuance of military protective order to 
          civilian law enforcement.
Sec. 544. Copyright protection for civilian faculty of certain 
          accredited institutions.
Sec. 545. Termination of leases of premises and motor vehicles of 
          servicemembers who incur catastrophic injury or illness or die 
          while in military service.
Sec. 546. Military orders required for termination of leases pursuant to 
          the Servicemembers Civil Relief Act.
Sec. 547. Preservation of right to bring class action under 
          Servicemembers Civil Relief Act.
Sec. 548. Legal counsel for victims of alleged domestic violence 
          offenses.
Sec. 549. Notice to victims of alleged sexual assault of pendency of 
          further administrative action following a determination not to 
          refer to trial by court-martial.
Sec. 550. Treatment of information in Catch a Serial Offender Program 
          for certain purposes.
Sec. 550A. Policies and procedures on registration at military 
          installations of civilian protective orders applicable to 
          members of the Armed Forces assigned to such installations and 
          certain other individuals.
Sec. 550B. Defense Advisory Committee for the Prevention of Sexual 
          Misconduct.
Sec. 550C. Training for Special Victims' Counsel on civilian criminal 
          justice matters in the States of the military installations to 
          which assigned.
Sec. 550D. Enhancing the capability of military criminal investigative 
          organizations to prevent and combat child sexual exploitation.
Sec. 550E. Feasibility study on establishment of database of military 
          protective orders.
Sec. 550F. GAO review of USERRA and SCRA.

                      Subtitle F--Member Education

Sec. 551. Authority for detail of certain enlisted members of the Armed 
          Forces as students at law schools.
Sec. 552. Inclusion of Coast Guard in Department of Defense STARBASE 
          Program.
Sec. 553. Degree granting authority for United States Army Armament 
          Graduate School; limitation on establishment of certain 
          educational institutions.
Sec. 554. Prohibition on off-duty employment for cadets and midshipmen 
          completing obligated service after graduation.
Sec. 555. Consideration of request for transfer of a cadet or midshipman 
          at a military service academy who is the victim of a sexual 
          assault or related offense.
Sec. 556. Redesignation of the Commandant of the United States Air Force 
          Institute of Technology as the Director and Chancellor of such 
          Institute.
Sec. 557. Eligibility of additional enlisted members for associate 
          degree programs of the Community College of the Air Force.
Sec. 558. Speech disorders of cadets and midshipmen.
Sec. 559. Requirement to continue provision of tuition assistance for 
          members of the Armed Forces.
Sec. 560. Information on institutions of higher education participating 
          in the Department of Defense Tuition Assistance Program.
Sec. 560A. Inclusion of information on free credit monitoring in annual 
          financial literacy briefing.
Sec. 560B. Programs to facilitate the award of private pilot's 
          certificates.

               Subtitle G--Member Training and Transition

Sec. 561. Requirement to provide information regarding benefits claims 
          to members during TAP counseling.
Sec. 562. Participation of other Federal agencies in the SkillBridge 
          apprenticeship and internship program for members of the Armed 
          Forces.
Sec. 563. First modification of elements of report on the improved 
          Transition Assistance Program.
Sec. 564. Second modification of elements of report on the improved 
          Transition Assistance Program.
Sec. 565. Prohibition on gender-segregated training at Marine Corps 
          Recruit Depots.
Sec. 566. Assessment of deaths of recruits under the jurisdiction of the 
          Secretaries of the military departments.
Sec. 567. Review of Department of Defense training programs regarding 
          disinformation campaigns.
Sec. 568. Command matters in connection with transition assistance 
          programs.
Sec. 569. Machine readability and electronic transferability of 
          Certificate of Release or Discharge from Active Duty (DD Form 
          214).
Sec. 570. Records of service for Reserves.
Sec. 570A. Limitations and requirements in connection with separations 
          for members of the Armed Forces who suffer from mental health 
          conditions in connection with a sex-related, intimate partner 
          violence-related, or spousal-abuse offense.
Sec. 570B. Prohibition on involuntary separation of certain members of 
          the Armed Forces; consideration of military service in removal 
          determinations.
Sec. 570C. Inclusion of question regarding immigration status on 
          preseparation counseling checklist (DD Form 2648).
Sec. 570D. Counseling for members of the Armed Forces who are not 
          citizens of the United States on naturalization in the United 
          States.
Sec. 570E. Pilot program on information sharing between Department of 
          Defense and designated relatives and friends of members of the 
          Armed Forces regarding the experiences and challenges of 
          military service.
Sec. 570F. Connections of members retiring or separating from the Armed 
          Forces with community-based organizations and related 
          entities.
Sec. 570G. Pilot program regarding online application for the Transition 
          Assistance Program.

     Subtitle H--Military Family Readiness and Dependents' Education

Sec. 571. Authorizing members to take leave for a birth or adoption in 
          more than one increment.
Sec. 572. Deferred deployment for members who give birth.
Sec. 573. Authority of the Secretary concerned to transport remains of a 
          covered decedent to no more than two places selected by the 
          person designated to direct disposition of the remains.
Sec. 574. Military funeral honors matters.
Sec. 575. Improvement of occupational license portability for relocated 
          spouses of members of the uniformed services.
Sec. 576. Continued eligibility for education and training opportunities 
          for spouses of promoted members.
Sec. 577. Modification to authority to reimburse for State licensure and 
          certification costs of a spouse of a servicemember arising 
          from relocation.
Sec. 578. Clarification regarding eligibility to transfer entitlement 
          under Post-9/11 Educational Assistance Program.
Sec. 579. Annual State report card.
Sec. 580. Improvements to child care for members of the Armed Forces.
Sec. 580A. Transportation of remains of casualties; travel expenses for 
          next of kin.
Sec. 580B. Meetings of officials of the Department of Defense with 
          representative groups of survivors of deceased members of the 
          Armed Forces.
Sec. 580C. Information and opportunities for registration for voting and 
          absentee ballot requests for members of the Armed Forces 
          undergoing deployment overseas.
Sec. 580D. Study on two-way military ballot barcode tracking.
Sec. 580E. Assistance to schools with military dependent students.
Sec. 580F. First expansion of the My Career Advancement Account program 
          for military spouses.
Sec. 580G. Second expansion of the My Career Advancement Account program 
          for military spouses.
Sec. 580H. Report on training and support available to military spouses.
Sec. 580I. Ri'katak Guest Student Program at United States Army 
          Garrison-Kwajalein Atoll.

                   Subtitle I--Decorations and Awards

Sec. 581. Modification of authorities on eligibility for and replacement 
          of gold star lapel buttons.
Sec. 582. Standardization of honorable service requirement for award of 
          military decorations.
Sec. 583. Authorization for award of the Medal of Honor to John J. Duffy 
          for acts of valor in Vietnam.
Sec. 584. Review of World War I valor medals.

           Subtitle J--Miscellaneous Reports and Other Matters

Sec. 591. Clarification of the term ``assault'' for purposes of 
          Workplace and Gender Relations Surveys.
Sec. 592. Inclusion of certain veterans on temporary disability or 
          permanent disabled retirement lists in military adaptive 
          sports programs.
Sec. 593. Questions in surveys regarding extremist activity in the 
          workplace.
Sec. 594. Study on best practices for providing financial literacy 
          education for separating members of the Armed Forces.
Sec. 595. Report on oversight of authorized strengths of certain grades 
          of commissioned regular and reserve officers of the Armed 
          Forces.
Sec. 596. Report on certain waivers.
Sec. 597. Notifications on manning of afloat naval forces.
Sec. 598. Report regarding use of aerial systems of the Department of 
          Defense to support agencies of States, Territories, and the 
          Federal Government.
Sec. 599. Information for members of the Armed Forces on availability of 
          services of the Department of Veterans Affairs relating to 
          sexual trauma.
Sec. 599A. Authority to issue an honorary promotion to Colonel Charles 
          E. McGee, United States Air Force (ret.), to the grade of 
          brigadier general.
Sec. 599B. Authority to issue an honorary and posthumous promotion to 
          Lieutenant Colonel Richard Cole, United States Air Force 
          (ret.), to the grade of colonel.
Sec. 599C. Sense of Congress on the honorable and distinguished service 
          of General Joseph F. Dunford, United States Marine Corps, to 
          the United States.

                  Subtitle A--Officer Personnel Policy

    SEC. 501. MAKER OF ORIGINAL APPOINTMENTS IN A REGULAR OR RESERVE 
      COMPONENT OF COMMISSIONED OFFICERS PREVIOUSLY SUBJECT TO ORIGINAL 
      APPOINTMENT IN OTHER TYPE OF COMPONENT.
    (a) Maker of Regular Appointments in Transfer From Reserve Active-
status List to Active-duty List.--Section 531(c) of title 10, United 
States Code, is amended by striking ``the Secretary concerned'' and 
inserting ``the Secretary of Defense''.
    (b) Maker of Reserve Appointments in Transfer From Active-duty List 
to Reserve Active-status List.--Section 12203(b) of such title is 
amended by striking ``the Secretary concerned'' and inserting ``the 
Secretary of Defense''.
    (c) Report.--Not later than April 1, 2020, the Secretary of Defense 
shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the 
House of Representatives a report setting forth the following:
        (1) The average number per fiscal year, during fiscal years 
    2010 through 2019, of transfers of appointment from regular officer 
    to reserve officer in the Armed Forces, set forth by each of 
    transfers requiring and transfers not requiring appointment by and 
    with the advice and consent of the Senate.
        (2) The average amount of time required per fiscal year, during 
    such fiscal years, for completion of a transfer of appointment from 
    regular officer to reserve officer in situations not requiring 
    appointment by and with the advice and consent of the Senate.
        (3) An assessment of the number of officers who experience a 
    break-in-service due to delays in transfer of appointment from 
    regular officer to reserve officer as a result of the requirement 
    for appointment by and with the advice and consent of the Senate.
        (4) An assessment of the feasibility and advisability of each 
    of the following:
            (A) Appointment of regular officers as both a regular 
        officer and a reserve officer immediately upon commissioning.
            (B) Consolidation of the provisions of title 10, United 
        States Code, relating to appointment as a regular or reserve 
        officer in a manner designed to facilitate and improve officer 
        retention.
        (5) Such other recommendations for legislative or 
    administrative action as the Secretary considers appropriate to 
    improve the rapid transfer of appointment of an officer from 
    regular status to reserve status.
    SEC. 502. FURNISHING OF ADVERSE INFORMATION ON OFFICERS TO 
      PROMOTION SELECTION BOARDS.
    (a) Expansion of Grades of Officers for Which Information Is 
Furnished.--Section 615(a)(3) of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended--
        (1) by inserting ``(A)'' after ``(3)'';
        (2) in subparagraph (A), as designated by paragraph (1), by 
    striking ``a grade above colonel or, in the case of the Navy, 
    captain'' and inserting ``a grade specified in subparagraph (B)''; 
    and
        (3) by adding at the end the following new subparagraph:
    ``(B) A grade specified in this subparagraph is as follows:
        ``(i) In the case of a regular officer, a grade above captain 
    or, in the case of the Navy, lieutenant.
        ``(ii) In the case of a reserve officer, a grade above 
    lieutenant colonel or, in the case of the Navy, commander.''.
    (b) Furnishing at Every Phase of Consideration.--Such section is 
further amended by adding at the end the following new subparagraph:
    ``(C) The standards and procedures referred to in subparagraph (A) 
shall require the furnishing to the selection board, and to each 
individual member of the board, the information described in that 
subparagraph with regard to an officer in a grade specified in 
subparagraph (B) at each stage or phase of the selection board, 
concurrent with the screening, rating, assessment, evaluation, 
discussion, or other consideration by the board or member of the 
official military personnel file of the officer, or of the officer.''.
    (c) Effective Date.--The amendments made by this section shall take 
effect on the date of the enactment of this Act, and shall apply with 
respect to the proceedings of promotion selection boards convened under 
section 611(a) of title 10, United States Code, after that date.
    SEC. 503. LIMITATION ON NUMBER OF OFFICERS RECOMMENDABLE FOR 
      PROMOTION BY PROMOTION SELECTION BOARDS.
    (a) In General.--Section 616 of title 10, United States Code is 
amended--
        (1) by redesignating subsections (d), (e), (f), and (g) as 
    subsections (e), (f), (g), and (h), respectively; and
        (2) by inserting after subsection (c) the following new 
    subsection (d):
    ``(d) The number of officers recommended for promotion by a 
selection board convened under section 611(a) of this title may not 
exceed the number equal to 95 percent of the number of officers 
included in the promotion zone established under section 623 of this 
title for consideration by the board.''.
    (b) Effective Date.--The amendments made by this section shall take 
effect on the date of the enactment of this Act, and shall apply with 
respect to consideration by promotion selection boards convened under 
section 611(a) of title 10, United States Code, of promotion zones that 
are established under section 623 of that title on or after that date.
    SEC. 504. EXPANSION OF AUTHORITY FOR CONTINUATION ON ACTIVE DUTY OF 
      OFFICERS IN CERTAIN MILITARY SPECIALTIES AND CAREER TRACKS.
    Section 637a(a) of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
inserting ``separation or'' after ``provided for the''.
    SEC. 505. MANAGEMENT POLICIES FOR JOINT QUALIFIED OFFICERS.
    Section 661(d)(3)(B) of title 10, United States Code, is amended in 
the third sentence by inserting ``or a designee of the Chairman who is 
an officer of the armed forces in grade O-9 or higher'' before the 
period.
    SEC. 506. MODIFICATION OF AUTHORITIES ON MANAGEMENT OF DEPLOYMENTS 
      OF MEMBERS OF THE ARMED FORCES AND RELATED UNIT OPERATING AND 
      PERSONNEL TEMPO MATTERS.
    (a) Limitation on Scope of Delegations of Approval of Exceptions to 
Deployment Thresholds.--Paragraph (3) of section 991(a) of title 10, 
United States Code, is amended by striking ``be delegated to--'' and 
all that follows and inserting ``be delegated to a civilian officer of 
the Department of Defense appointed by the President, by and with the 
advice and consent of the Senate.''.
    (b) Separate Policies on Dwell Time for Regular and Reserve 
Members.--Paragraph (4) of such section is amended--
        (1) by striking ``addresses the amount'' and inserting 
    ``addresses each of the following:
        ``(A) The amount.'';
        (2) in subparagraph (A), as designated by paragraph (1), by 
    inserting ``regular'' before ``member''; and
        (3) by adding at the end the following new subparagraph:
        ``(B) The amount of dwell time a reserve member of the armed 
    forces remains at the member's permanent duty station after 
    completing a deployment of 30 days or more in length.''.
    SEC. 507. PERSONNEL TEMPO OF THE ARMED FORCES AND THE UNITED STATES 
      SPECIAL OPERATIONS COMMAND DURING PERIODS OF INAPPLICABILITY OF 
      HIGH-DEPLOYMENT LIMITATIONS.
    (a) In General.--Section 991(d) of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended--
        (1) by inserting ``(1)'' before ``The Secretary''; and
        (2) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
    ``(2)(A) Whenever a waiver is in effect under paragraph (1), the 
member or group of members covered by the waiver shall be subject to 
specific and measurable deployment thresholds established and 
maintained for purposes of this subsection.
    ``(B) Thresholds under this paragraph may be applicable--
        ``(i) uniformly, Department of Defense-wide; or
        ``(ii) separately, with respect to each armed force or the 
    United States Special Operations Command.
    ``(C) If thresholds under this paragraph are applicable Department-
wide, such thresholds shall be established and maintained by the Under 
Secretary of Defense for Personnel and Readiness. If such thresholds 
are applicable only to one armed force or the Under States Special 
Operations Command, such thresholds shall be established and maintained 
respectively by the Secretary of the Army, the Secretary of the Navy 
(other than with respect to the Marine Corps), the Secretary of the Air 
Force, the Commandant of the Marine Corps (with respect to the Marine 
Corps), and the Commander of the United States Special Operations 
Command, as applicable.
    ``(D) In undertaking recordkeeping for purposes of subsection (c), 
the Under Secretary shall, in conjunction with the officials and 
officers referred to in subparagraph (C), collect complete and reliable 
personnel tempo data of members described in subparagraph (A) in order 
to ensure that the Department, the armed forces, and the United States 
Special Operations Command fully and completely monitor personnel tempo 
under any waiver authorized under paragraph (1) and the effect of such 
waiver on the armed forces.''.
    (b) Deadline for Implementation.--Paragraph (2) of section 991(d) 
of title 10, United States Code, as added by subsection (a), shall be 
fully implemented by not later than March 1, 2020.
    SEC. 508. PERMANENT AUTHORITY TO DEFER PAST AGE 64 THE RETIREMENT 
      OF CHAPLAINS IN GENERAL AND FLAG OFFICER GRADES.
    Section 1253(c) of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
striking paragraph (3).
    SEC. 509. HIGHER GRADE IN RETIREMENT FOR OFFICERS FOLLOWING 
      REOPENING OF DETERMINATION OR CERTIFICATION OF RETIRED GRADE.
    (a) Advice and Consent of Senate Required for Higher Grade.--
Section 1370(f) of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
        (1) by redesignating paragraph (5) as paragraph (6); and
        (2) by inserting after paragraph (4) the following new 
    paragraph (5):
    ``(5) If the retired grade of an officer is proposed to be 
increased through the reopening of the determination or certification 
of officer's retired grade, the increase in the retired grade shall be 
made by the Secretary of Defense, by and with the advice and consent of 
the Senate.''.
    (b) Recalculation of Retired Pay.--Paragraph (6) of such section, 
as redesignated by subsection (a)(1), is amended--
        (1) by inserting ``or increased'' after ``reduced'';
        (2) by inserting ``as a result of the reduction or increase'' 
    after ``any modification of the retired pay of the officer'';
        (3) by inserting ``or increase'' after ``the reduction''; and
        (4) by adding at the end the following new sentence: ``An 
    officer whose retired grade is increased as described in the 
    preceding sentence shall not be entitled to an increase in retired 
    pay for any period before the effective date of the increase.''.
    (c) Effective Date.--The amendments made by this section shall take 
effect on the date of the enactment of this Act, and shall apply to an 
increase in the retired grade of an officer that occurs through a 
reopening of the determination or certification of the officer's 
retired grade on or after that date, regardless of when the officer 
retired.
    SEC. 510. AUTHORITY OF PROMOTION BOARDS TO RECOMMEND THAT OFFICERS 
      OF PARTICULAR MERIT BE PLACED HIGHER ON PROMOTION LIST.
    (a) In General.--Section 14108 of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended by adding at the end the following new subsection:
    ``(f) Higher Placement of Officers of Particular Merit on Promotion 
List.--(1) In selecting officers to be recommended for promotion, a 
promotion board may, when authorized by the Secretary concerned, 
recommend that officers of particular merit, from among those officers 
selected for promotion, be placed higher on the promotion list 
established by the Secretary under section 14308(a) of this title.
    ``(2) A promotion board may make a recommendation under paragraph 
(1) only if an officer receives the recommendation of--
        ``(A) a majority of the members of the promotion board; or
        ``(B) an alternative requirement established by the Secretary 
    concerned and furnished to the promotion board as part of the 
    guidelines under section 14107 of this title.
    ``(3) For officers who receive recommendations under paragraph (1), 
the board shall recommend the order in which those officers should be 
placed on the promotion list.''.
    (b) Reports Regarding Recommendations That Officers of Particular 
Merit Be Placed Higher on Promotion List.--Section 14109 of such title 
is amended by adding at the end the following new subsection:
    ``(d) Report of Officers Recommended for Higher Placement on 
Promotion List.--A promotion board convened under section 14101(a) of 
this title shall, when authorized under section 14108(f) of this title, 
include in its report to the Secretary concerned--
        ``(1) the names of those officers the promotion board 
    recommends be placed higher on the promotion list; and
        ``(2) the order in which the promotion board recommends those 
    officers should be placed on the promotion list.''.
    (c) Officers of Particular Merit Appearing Higher on Promotion 
List.--Section 14308(a) of such title is amended in the first sentence 
by inserting ``or based on particular merit, as determined by the 
promotion board'' before the period.
SEC. 510A. AVAILABILITY ON THE INTERNET OF CERTAIN INFORMATION ABOUT 
OFFICERS SERVING IN GENERAL OR FLAG OFFICER GRADES.
    (a) Availability Required.--
        (1) In general.--The Secretary of each military department 
    shall make available on an internet website of such department 
    available to the public information specified in paragraph (2) on 
    each officer in a general or flag officer grade under the 
    jurisdiction of such Secretary, including any such officer on the 
    reserve active-status list.
        (2) Information.--The information on an officer specified by 
    this paragraph to be made available pursuant to paragraph (1) is 
    the information as follows:
            (A) The officer's name.
            (B) The officer's current grade, duty position, command or 
        organization, and location of assignment.
            (C) A summary list of the officer's past duty assignments 
        while serving in a general or flag officer grade.
    (b) Additional Public Notice on Certain Officers.--Whenever an 
officer in a grade of O-7 or above is assigned to a new billet or 
reassigned from a current billet, the Secretary of the military 
department having jurisdiction of such officer shall make available on 
an internet website of such department available to the public a notice 
of such assignment or reassignment.
    (c) Limitation on Withholding of Certain Information or Notice.--
        (1) Limitation.--The Secretary of a military department may not 
    withhold the information or notice specified in subsections (a) and 
    (b) from public availability pursuant to subsection (a), unless and 
    until the Secretary notifies the Committees on Armed Services of 
    the Senate and House of Representatives in writing of the 
    information or notice that will be so withheld, together with 
    justification for withholding the information or notice from public 
    availability.
        (2) Limited duration of withholding.--The Secretary concerned 
    may withhold from the public under paragraph (1) information or 
    notice on an officer only on the basis of individual risk or 
    national security, and may continue to withhold such information or 
    notice only for so long as the basis for withholding remains in 
    force.
SEC. 510B. FUNCTIONAL BADGE OR INSIGNIA UPON COMMISSION FOR CHAPLAINS.
    A military chaplain shall receive a functional badge or insignia 
upon commission.

                Subtitle B--Reserve Component Management

    SEC. 511. MODIFICATION OF GRADE LEVEL THRESHOLD FOR JUNIOR RESERVE 
      OFFICERS' TRAINING CORPS.
    Section 2031(b)(1) of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
striking ``above the 8th grade'' each place it appears and inserting 
``above the 7th grade and physically co-located with the 9th grade 
participating unit''.
    SEC. 512. INCLUSION OF STEM IN COURSES OF INSTRUCTION FOR THE 
      JUNIOR RESERVE OFFICERS' TRAINING CORPS.
    (a) In General.--Section 2031(b)(3) of title 10, United States 
Code, is amended by inserting ``and which may include instruction or 
activities in the fields of science, technology, engineering, and 
mathematics'' after ``duration''.
    (b) Effective Date.--The amendment made by subsection (a) shall 
take effect 180 days after the date of the enactment of this Act.
    SEC. 513. INCLUSION OF HOMESCHOOLED STUDENTS IN JUNIOR RESERVE 
      OFFICERS' TRAINING CORPS UNITS.
    Section 2031 of title 10, United States Code, is amended by adding 
at the end the following new subsection:
    ``(g)(1) Each public secondary educational institution that 
maintains a unit under this section shall permit membership in the unit 
to homeschooled students residing in the area served by the institution 
who are qualified for membership in the unit (but for lack of 
enrollment in the institution).
    ``(2) A student who is a member of a unit pursuant to this 
subsection shall count toward the satisfaction by the institution 
concerned of the requirement in subsection (b)(1) relating to the 
minimum number of student members in the unit necessary for the 
continuing maintenance of the unit.''.
    SEC. 514. CLARIFICATION OF ELIGIBILITY TO SERVE AS COMMANDER, 
      MARINE FORCES RESERVE.
    (a) In General.--Section 8084(b)(1) of title 10, United States 
Code, is amended by striking ``general officers of the Marine Corps (as 
defined in section 8001(2))'' and inserting ``general officers of the 
Marine Corps Reserve''.
    (b) Effective Date.--The amendment made by subsection (a) shall 
take effect on the date that is one year after the date of the 
enactment of this Act and shall apply to appointments made after such 
date.
    SEC. 515. EXTENSION AND PERIODIC EVALUATION OF SUICIDE PREVENTION 
      AND RESILIENCE PROGRAM FOR THE RESERVE COMPONENTS.
    Section 10219 of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
        (1) by redesignating subsection (g) as subsection (h);
        (2) in subsection (h), as redesignated by paragraph (1), by 
    striking ``2020'' and inserting ``2025''; and
        (3) by inserting after subsection (f) the following new 
    subsection (g):
    ``(g) Triennial Evaluation.--The Secretary shall evaluate the 
program every third year beginning in 2022 until the program terminates 
to determine whether the program effectively--
        ``(1) provides training and assistance under subsections (b), 
    (c), and (d); and
        ``(2) implements subsection (e).''.
    SEC. 516. AUTHORITY TO DEFER MANDATORY SEPARATION AT AGE 68 OF 
      OFFICERS IN MEDICAL SPECIALTIES IN THE RESERVE COMPONENTS.
    Section 14703(b) of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
        (1) by striking ``An'' and inserting ``(1) Subject to paragraph 
    (2), an''; and
        (2) by adding at the end the following new paragraph (2):
    ``(2) The Secretary concerned may, with the consent of the officer, 
retain in an active status an officer in a medical specialty described 
in subsection (a) beyond the date described in paragraph (1) of this 
subsection if the Secretary concerned determines that such retention is 
necessary to the military department concerned. Each such retention 
shall be made on a case-by-case basis and for such period as the 
Secretary concerned determines appropriate.''.
    SEC. 517. MODERNIZATION OF INSPECTION AUTHORITIES APPLICABLE TO THE 
      NATIONAL GUARD.
    (a) Modernization of Inspection Authorities of Secretaries of the 
Army and Air Force.--Subsection (a) of section 105 of title 32, United 
States Code, is amended--
        (1) in the matter preceding paragraph (1)--
            (A) by striking ``by him, the Secretary of the Army shall 
        have'' and inserting ``by such Secretary, the Secretary of the 
        Army and the Secretary of the Air Force shall each have'';
            (B) by striking ``, if necessary,''; and
            (C) by striking ``the Regular Army'' and inserting ``the 
        Regular Army or the Regular Air Force'';
        (2) by striking ``Army National Guard'' each place it appears 
    and inserting ``Army National Guard or Air National Guard''; and
        (3) by striking the flush matter following paragraph (7).
    (b) Inspection Authority of Chief of the National Guard Bureau on 
Behalf of Secretaries.--Such section is further amended by adding at 
the end the following new subsection:
    ``(c) The Chief of the National Guard Bureau may have an inspection 
described in subsection (a) made by inspectors general, or by 
commissioned officers of the Army National Guard of the United States 
or the Air National Guard of the United States detailed for that 
purpose, on behalf of the Secretary of the Army or the Secretary of the 
Air Force. Any such inspection may be made only with the approval of 
the Secretary of the Army or the Secretary of the Air Force, as 
applicable.''.
    SEC. 518. CONSULTATION WITH CHIEF OF THE NATIONAL GUARD BUREAU IN 
      THE APPOINTMENT OR DESIGNATION OF NATIONAL GUARD PROPERTY AND 
      FISCAL OFFICERS.
    Section 708(a) of title 32, United States Code, is amended in the 
first sentence by inserting ``, in consultation with the Chief of the 
National Guard Bureau,'' after ``shall''.
    SEC. 519. COAST GUARD JUNIOR RESERVE OFFICERS' TRAINING CORPS.
    (a) In General.--Chapter 3 of title 14, United States Code, is 
amended by adding at the end the following new section:
``Sec. 320. Coast Guard Junior Reserve Officers' Training Corps
    ``(a) Establishment.--The Secretary of the department in which the 
Coast Guard is operating may establish and maintain a Junior Reserve 
Officers' Training Corps, organized into units, at public and private 
secondary educational institutions.
    ``(b) Applicability.--Except as provided in subsection (c), the 
provisions of chapter 102 of title 10 shall apply to a Junior Reserve 
Officers' Training Corps established and maintained under this section 
in the same manner that such provisions apply to the Junior Reserve 
Officers' Training Corps of each military department. For purposes of 
the application of such provisions to this section--
        ``(1) any reference in such provisions to a `military 
    department' shall be treated as a reference to the department in 
    which the Coast Guard is operating; and
        ``(2) any reference in such provisions to a `Secretary of a 
    military department', a `Secretary concerned', or the `Secretary of 
    Defense' shall be treated as a reference to the Secretary of the 
    department in which the Coast Guard is operating.
    ``(c) Exception.--The requirements of chapter 102 of title 10 shall 
not apply to a unit of the Junior Reserve Officers' Training Corps 
established by the Secretary of the department in which the Coast Guard 
is operating before the date of the enactment of this section unless 
the Secretary determines it is appropriate to apply such requirements 
to such unit.''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning of 
such chapter is amended by adding at the end the following new item:

``320. Coast Guard Junior Reserve Officers' Training Corps.''.
    SEC. 520. REPEAL OF REQUIREMENT FOR REVIEW OF CERTAIN ARMY RESERVE 
      OFFICER UNIT VACANCY PROMOTIONS BY COMMANDERS OF ASSOCIATED 
      ACTIVE DUTY UNITS.
    Section 1113 of the Army National Guard Combat Readiness Reform Act 
of 1992 (Public Law 102-484; 10 U.S.C. 10105 note) is repealed.
SEC. 520A. REPORT ON METHODS TO ENHANCE DOMESTIC RESPONSE TO LARGE 
SCALE, COMPLEX AND CATASTROPHIC DISASTERS.
    (a) In General.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense, in consultation and 
coordination with the Federal Emergency Management Agency, the National 
Security Council, the Council of Governors, and the National Governors 
Association, shall submit to the congressional defense committees, the 
Committee on Homeland Security of the House of Representatives, and the 
Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs of the Senate a 
report on the plan of the Department to establish policy and processes 
to implement the authority under section 502 of title 32, United States 
Code. The report shall include a detailed examination of the policy 
framework consistent with existing authorities, identify major 
statutory or policy impediments to implementation, and make 
recommendations for legislation as appropriate.
    (b) Contents.--The report submitted under subsection (a) shall 
include a description of--
        (1) the current policy and processes whereby governors can 
    request activation of the National Guard under title 32, United 
    States Code, as part of the response to large scale, complex, 
    catastrophic disasters that are supported by the Federal Government 
    and, if no formal process exists in policy, the Secretary of 
    Defense shall provide a timeline and plan to establish such a 
    policy, including consultation with the Council of Governors and 
    the National Governors Association;
        (2) the Secretary of Defense's assessment, informed by 
    consultation with the Federal Emergency Management Agency, the 
    National Security Council, the Council of Governors, and the 
    National Governors Association, regarding the sufficiency of 
    current authorities for the reimbursement of National Guard and 
    Reserve manpower during large scale, complex, catastrophic 
    disasters under title 10 and title 32, United States Code, and 
    specifically whether reimbursement authorities are sufficient to 
    ensure that military training and readiness are not degraded to 
    fund disaster response, or whether invoking such reimbursement 
    authorities degrades the effectiveness of the Disaster Relief Fund;
        (3) the Department of Defense's plan to ensure there is 
    parallel and consistent policy in the application of the 
    authorities granted under section 12304a of title 10, United States 
    Code, and section 502(f) of title 32, United States Code, 
    including--
            (A) a description of the disparities between benefits and 
        protections under Federal law versus State active duty;
            (B) recommended solutions to achieve parity at the Federal 
        level; and
            (C) recommended changes at the State level, if appropriate; 
        and
        (4) the Department of Defense's plan to ensure there is parity 
    of benefits and protections for military members employed as part 
    of the response to large scale, complex, catastrophic disasters 
    under title 32 or title 10, United States Code, and recommendations 
    for addressing any shortfalls.
SEC. 520B. REPORT AND BRIEFING ON THE SENIOR RESERVE OFFICERS' TRAINING 
CORPS.
    (a) Report on Various Expansions of the Corps.--Not later than one 
year after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of 
Defense shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate 
and the House of Representatives a report setting forth the following:
        (1) An assessment of the feasibility and advisability of 
    distance learning programs for the Senior Reserve Officers' 
    Training Corps for students at educational institutions who reside 
    outside the viable range for a cross-town program.
        (2) An assessment of the feasibility and advisability of 
    expanding the eligibility of institutions authorized to maintain a 
    unit of the Senior Reserve Officers' Training Corps to include 
    community colleges.
    (b) Briefing on Long-term Effects on the Corps of the Operation of 
Certain Recent Prohibitions.--
        (1) Briefing required.--Not later than 180 days after the date 
    of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall brief 
    the congressional defense committees on the effects of the 
    prohibitions in section 8032 of the Department of Defense 
    Appropriations Act, 2019 (division A of Public Law 115-245) on the 
    long-term viability of the Senior Reserve Officers' Training Corps.
        (2) Elements.--The matters addressed by the briefing under 
    paragraph (1) shall include an assessment of the effects of the 
    prohibitions described in paragraph (1) on the following:
            (A) Readiness.
            (B) The efficient manning and administration of Senior 
        Reserve Officers' Training Corps units.
            (C) The ability of the Armed Forces to commission on a 
        yearly basis the number and quality of new officers they need 
        and that are representative of the nation as a whole.
            (D) The availability of Senior Reserve Officers' Training 
        Corps scholarships in rural areas.
            (E) Whether the Senior Reserve Officers' Training Corps 
        program produces officers representative of the demographic and 
        geographic diversity of the United States, especially with 
        respect to urban areas, and whether restrictions on 
        establishing or disestablishing units of the Corps affects the 
        diversity of the officer corps of the Armed Forces.
SEC. 520C. SENSE OF CONGRESS ON INCREASE IN NUMBER OF JUNIOR RESERVE 
OFFICERS' TRAINING CORPS UNITS.
    It is the sense of Congress that the Junior Reserve Officers' 
Training Corps was supported in the John S. McCain National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2019 (Public Law 115-232) and should 
be increased in fiscal year 2020 to include not fewer than 3,700 units 
nationwide.

  Subtitle C--General Service Authorities and Correction of Military 
                                Records

    SEC. 521. ADVICE AND COUNSEL OF TRAUMA EXPERTS IN REVIEW BY BOARDS 
      FOR CORRECTION OF MILITARY RECORDS AND DISCHARGE REVIEW BOARDS OF 
      CERTAIN CLAIMS.
    (a) Boards for Correction of Military Records.--Section 1552(g) of 
title 10, United States Code, is amended--
        (1) by inserting ``(1)'' after ``(g)''; and
        (2) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
    ``(2) If a board established under subsection (a)(1) is reviewing a 
claim described in subsection (h), the board shall seek advice and 
counsel in the review from a psychiatrist, psychologist, or social 
worker with training on mental health issues associated with post-
traumatic stress disorder or traumatic brain injury or other trauma as 
specified in the current edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical 
Manual of Mental Disorders published by the American Psychiatric 
Association.
    ``(3) If a board established under subsection (a)(1) is reviewing a 
claim in which sexual trauma, intimate partner violence, or spousal 
abuse is claimed, the board shall seek advice and counsel in the review 
from an expert in trauma specific to sexual assault, intimate partner 
violence, or spousal abuse, as applicable.''.
    (b) Discharge Review Boards.--Section 1553(d)(1) of such title is 
amended--
        (1) by inserting ``(A)'' after ``(1)''; and
        (2) by adding at the end the following new subparagraph;
    ``(B) In the case of a former member described in paragraph (3)(B) 
who claims that the former member's post-traumatic stress disorder or 
traumatic brain injury as described in that paragraph in based in whole 
or in part on sexual trauma, intimate partner violence, or spousal 
abuse, a board established under this section to review the former 
member's discharge or dismissal shall seek advice and counsel in the 
review from a psychiatrist, psychologist, or social worker with 
training on mental health issues associated with post-traumatic stress 
disorder or traumatic brain injury or other trauma as specified in the 
current edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental 
Disorders published by the American Psychiatric Association.''.
    SEC. 522. REDUCTION IN REQUIRED NUMBER OF MEMBERS OF DISCHARGE 
      REVIEW BOARDS.
    Section 1553(a) of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
striking ``five'' and inserting ``not fewer than three''.
SECTION 523. ESTABLISHMENT OF PROCESS TO REVIEW A REQUEST FOR UPGRADE 
OF DISCHARGE OR DISMISSAL.
    (a) Establishment.--Chapter 79 of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended by inserting after section 1553 the following new section 
1553a:
``Sec. 1553a. Review of a request for upgrade of discharge or dismissal
    ``(a) Establishment.--The Secretary of Defense shall establish a 
process by which to conduct a final review of a request for an upgrade 
in the characterization of a discharge or dismissal.
    ``(b) Consideration; Recommendation.--(1) Upon the request of a 
petitioner, the Secretary of Defense shall review the findings and 
decisions of the boards established under sections 1552 and 1553 of 
this title regarding the final review of a request for an upgrade in 
the characterization of a discharge or dismissal.
    ``(2) The Secretary of Defense may recommend that the Secretary of 
the military department concerned upgrade the characterization of the 
discharge or dismissal of the petitioner if the Secretary of Defense 
determines that such recommendation is appropriate after review under 
paragraph (1).
    ``(c) Definitions.--In this section:
        ``(1) The term `final review of a request for an upgrade in the 
    characterization of a discharge or dismissal' means a request by a 
    petitioner for an upgrade to the characterization of a discharge or 
    dismissal--
            ``(A) that was not granted under sections 1552 and 1553 of 
        this title; and
            ``(B) regarding which the Secretary of Defense determines 
        the petitioner has exhausted all remedies available to the 
        petitioner under sections 1552 and 1553 of this title.
        ``(2) The term `petitioner' means a member or former member of 
    the armed forces (or if the member or former member is dead, the 
    surviving spouse, next of kin, or legal representative of the 
    member or former member) whose request for an upgrade to the 
    characterization of a discharge or dismissal was not granted under 
    sections 1552 and 1553 of this title.''.
    (b) Technical and Conforming Amendments.--
        (1) Table of sections.--The table of sections at the beginning 
    of such chapter is amended by inserting after the item relating to 
    section 1553 the following new item:

``1553a. Review of a request for upgrade of discharge or dismissal.''.

        (2) Conforming amendments.--
            (A) Section 1552(a)(4) of such title is amended to read as 
        follows:
    ``(4)(A) Subject to subparagraph (B), a correction under this 
section is final and conclusive on all officers of the United States 
except when procured by fraud.
    ``(B) If a board established under this section does not grant a 
request for an upgrade to the characterization of a discharge or 
dismissal, that declination may be considered under section 1553a of 
this title.''.
            (B) Section 1553(b) of such title is amended--
                (i) by inserting ``(1)'' before ``A board''; and
                (ii) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
    ``(2) If a board established under this section does not grant a 
request for an upgrade to the characterization of a discharge or 
dismissal, that declination may be considered under section 1552 or 
section 1553a of this title, as applicable.''.
    (c) Deadline.--The Secretary of Defense shall implement section 
1553a of such title, as added by subsection (a), not later than January 
1, 2021.
    (d) Resources.--In establishing and implementing the process under 
such section 1553a, the Secretary of Defense shall, to the maximum 
extent practicable, use existing organizations, boards, processes, and 
personnel of the Department of Defense.
    (e) Reporting.--
        (1) Report.--Not later than January 1, 2022, the Secretary of 
    Defense shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the 
    Senate and the House of Representatives a report regarding the 
    process established under such section 1553a. The report shall 
    include, with respect to considerations under such process since 
    implementation, the following:
            (A) The number of requests considered.
            (B) The number of upgrades to the characterization of a 
        discharge or dismissal granted pursuant to such process, 
        including the most common reasons for such upgrades.
            (C) The number of upgrades to the characterization of a 
        discharge or dismissal declined pursuant to such process, 
        including the most common reasons for such declinations.
        (2) Online publication.--On October 1, 2022, and annually 
    thereafter, the Secretary shall publish the information described 
    in paragraph (1) with regards to the immediately preceding fiscal 
    year on a website of the Department of Defense that is accessible 
    by the public.
    SEC. 524. PROHIBITION ON REDUCTION IN THE NUMBER OF PERSONNEL 
      ASSIGNED TO DUTY WITH A SERVICE REVIEW AGENCY.
    (a) Prohibition.--Section 1559(a) of title 10, United States Code, 
is amended--
        (1) by striking ``December 31, 2019'' and inserting ``December 
    31, 2025'';
        (2) by striking ``that agency until--'' and inserting ``that 
    agency.''; and
        (3) by striking subsections (1) and (2).
    (b) Report.--
        (1) Report required.--Not later than 180 days after the 
    enactment of this Act, the Secretary of each military department 
    shall submit a report to the Committees on Armed Services of the 
    Senate and House of Representatives that details a plan to--
            (A) reduce the backlog of applications before the service 
        review agency of the military department concerned; and
            (B) maintain the resources required to meet the timeliness 
        standards for disposition of applications before the 
        Corrections Boards under section 1557 of title 10, United 
        States Code, not later than October 1, 2021.
        (2) Elements.--Each report under this subsection shall include 
    the following:
            (A) A description of the current backlog of applications 
        before the service review agency of the military department 
        concerned.
            (B) The number of personnel required to meet the deadline 
        described in paragraph (1)(B).
            (C) The plan of the Secretary concerned to modernize the 
        application and review system of the service review agency of 
        the military department concerned.
    SEC. 525. TRAINING OF MEMBERS OF BOARDS FOR CORRECTION OF MILITARY 
      RECORDS AND DISCHARGE REVIEW BOARDS ON SEXUAL TRAUMA, INTIMATE 
      PARTNER VIOLENCE, SPOUSAL ABUSE, AND RELATED MATTERS.
    (a) Boards for Correction of Military Records.--The curriculum of 
training for members of boards for the correction of military records 
under section 534(c) of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
Fiscal Year 2017 (10 U.S.C. 1552 note) shall include training on each 
of the following:
        (1) Sexual trauma.
        (2) Intimate partner violence.
        (3) Spousal abuse.
        (4) The various responses of individuals to trauma.
    (b) Discharge Review Boards.--
        (1) In general.--Each Secretary concerned shall develop and 
    provide training for members of discharge review boards under 
    section 1553 of title 10, United States Code, that are under the 
    jurisdiction of such Secretary on each of the following:
            (A) Sexual trauma.
            (B) Intimate partner violence.
            (C) Spousal abuse.
            (D) The various responses of individuals to trauma.
        (2) Uniformity of training.--The Secretary of Defense and the 
    Secretary of Homeland Security shall jointly ensure that the 
    training developed and provided pursuant to this subsection is, to 
    the extent practicable, uniform.
        (3) Secretary concerned defined.--In this subsection, the term 
    ``Secretary concerned'' has the meaning given that term in section 
    101(a)(9) of title 10, United States Code.
    SEC. 526. TIME REQUIREMENTS FOR CERTIFICATION OF HONORABLE SERVICE.
    The Secretary of Defense shall publish regulations for submission 
and processing of a completed United States Citizenship and Immigration 
Services Form N-426, by a member of the Armed Forces. Such regulations 
shall designate the appropriate level for the certifying officer as 
well as establish time requirements for the form to be returned to the 
member of the Armed Forces.
    SEC. 527. CORRECTION OF CERTAIN DISCHARGE CHARACTERIZATIONS.
    (a) In General.--In accordance with this section, and in a manner 
that is consistent across the military departments to the greatest 
extent practicable, the appropriate board shall, at the request of a 
covered member or the authorized representative of a covered member--
        (1) review the discharge characterization of that covered 
    member; and
        (2) change the discharge characterization of that covered 
    member to honorable if the appropriate board determines such change 
    to be appropriate after review under paragraph (1).
    (b) Appeal.--A covered member or the authorized representative of 
that covered member may seek review of a decision by the appropriate 
board not to change the discharge characterization of that covered 
member. Such review may be made pursuant to section 1552 of title 10, 
United States Code, section 1553 of such title, or any other process 
established by the Secretary of Defense for such purpose.
    (c) Change of Records.--For each covered member whose discharge 
characterization is changed under subsection (a) or (b), the Secretary 
of the military department concerned shall issue to the covered member 
or the authorized representative of the covered member a corrected 
Certificate of Release or Discharge from Active Duty (DD Form 214), or 
other like form regularly used by an Armed Force that--
        (1) reflects the upgraded discharge characterization of the 
    covered member; and
        (2) does not reflect the sexual orientation of the covered 
    member or the original stated reason for the discharge or dismissal 
    of that covered member.
    (d) Definitions.--In this section:
        (1) The term ``appropriate board'' means a board for the 
    correction of military or naval records under section 1552 of title 
    10, United States Code, or a discharge review board under section 
    1553 of such title, as the case may be.
        (2) The term ``authorized representative'' means an heir or 
    legal representative of a covered member.
        (3) The term ``covered member'' means any former member of the 
    Armed Forces who was discharged from the Armed Forces because of 
    the sexual orientation of that member.
        (4) The term ``discharge characterization'' means the 
    characterization assigned to the service of a covered member on the 
    discharge or dismissal of that covered member from service in the 
    Armed Forces.
    SEC. 528. DEVELOPMENT OF GUIDELINES FOR USE OF UNOFFICIAL SOURCES 
      OF INFORMATION TO DETERMINE ELIGIBILITY OF MEMBERS AND FORMER 
      MEMBERS OF THE ARMED FORCES FOR DECORATIONS WHEN THE SERVICE 
      RECORDS ARE INCOMPLETE BECAUSE OF DAMAGE TO THE OFFICIAL RECORD.
    (a) Guidelines Required.--The Secretary of Defense shall develop 
guidelines regarding the use by the Secretaries of the military 
departments of unofficial sources of information, including eyewitness 
statements, to determine the eligibility of a member or former member 
of the Armed Forces for decorations when the service records of the 
member are incomplete because of damage to the records as a result of 
the 1973 fire at the National Personnel Records Center in St. Louis, 
Missouri, or any subsequent incident while the records were in the 
possession of the Department of Defense.
    (b) Time for Completion.--The Secretary of Defense shall complete 
development of the guidelines not later than one year after the date of 
the enactment of this Act.
    SEC. 529. STRATEGIC PLAN FOR DIVERSITY AND INCLUSION.
    (a) Plan Required.--The Secretary of Defense shall design and 
implement a five-year strategic plan for diversity and inclusion in the 
Department of Defense.
    (b) Elements.--The strategic plan under this section--
        (1) shall incorporate existing efforts to promote diversity and 
    inclusion within the Department; and
        (2) may not conflict with the objectives of the 2018 National 
    Military Strategy.
    (c) Deadline.--The Secretary shall implement the strategic plan 
under this section not later than one year after the date of the 
enactment of this Act.
    SEC. 530. STUDY REGARDING SCREENING INDIVIDUALS WHO SEEK TO ENLIST 
      IN THE ARMED FORCES.
    (a) Study.--The Secretary of Defense shall study the feasibility 
of, in background investigations and security and suitability 
screenings of individuals who seek to enlist in the Armed Forces--
        (1) screening for extremist and gang-related activity; and
        (2) using the following resources of the Federal Bureau of 
    Investigation:
            (A) The Tattoo and Graffiti Identification Program.
            (B) The National Gang Intelligence Center.
    (b) Report Required.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall submit an unclassified 
report in writing to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and 
House of Representatives containing conclusions of the Secretary 
regarding the study under subsection (a).
SEC. 530A. FEASIBILITY STUDY REGARDING NOTIFICATION TO SECRETARY OF 
HOMELAND SECURITY OF HONORABLE DISCHARGES OF NON-CITIZENS.
    (a) Study Required.--The Secretary of Defense, in consultation with 
the Secretary of Homeland Security, shall study the feasibility of 
providing the Secretary of Homeland Security with a copy of the 
Certificate of Release or Discharge from Active Duty (DD Form 214) or 
National Guard Report of Separation and Record of Service (NGB-22) for 
each individual who is not a citizen of the United States who is 
honorably discharged from the Armed Forces so the Secretary of Homeland 
Security may note such discharge in an I-213 Record of Deportable/
Inadmissible Alien for that individual.
    (b) Report.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the 
committees on Armed Services of the Senate and House of Representatives 
a report regarding the results of the study under this section.
SEC. 530B. SENSE OF CONGRESS REGARDING ACCESSION PHYSICALS.
    It is the sense of Congress that the Secretary of Defense should 
explore alternatives to centralized accession physicals at Military 
Entrance Processing Stations, including conducting physicals through 
community health care providers, in order to reduce transportation 
costs, increase efficiency in processing times, and free recruiters to 
focus on the core of the recruiting mission.

                      Subtitle D--Military Justice

    SEC. 531. EXPANSION OF PRE-REFERRAL MATTERS REVIEWABLE BY MILITARY 
      JUDGES AND MILITARY MAGISTRATES IN THE INTEREST OF EFFICIENCY IN 
      MILITARY JUSTICE.
    (a) In General.--Subsection (a) of section 830a of title 10, United 
States Code (article 30a of the Uniform Code of Military Justice), is 
amended by striking paragraphs (1) and (2) and inserting the following 
new paragraphs:
    ``(1) The President shall prescribe regulations for matters 
relating to proceedings conducted before referral of charges and 
specifications to court-martial for trial, including the following:
        ``(A) Pre-referral investigative subpoenas.
        ``(B) Pre-referral warrants or orders for electronic 
    communications.
        ``(C) Pre-referral matters referred by an appellate court.
        ``(D) Pre-referral matters under subsection (c) or (e) of 
    section 806b of this title (article 6b).
        ``(E) Pre-referral matters relating to the following:
            ``(i) Pre-trial confinement of an accused.
            ``(ii) The mental capacity or mental responsibility of an 
        accused.
            ``(iii) A request for an individual military counsel.
    ``(2) In addition to the matters specified in paragraph (1), the 
regulations prescribed under that paragraph shall--
        ``(A) set forth the matters that a military judge may rule upon 
    in such proceedings;
        ``(B) include procedures for the review of such rulings;
        ``(C) include appropriate limitations to ensure that 
    proceedings under this section extend only to matters that would be 
    subject to consideration by a military judge in a general or 
    special court-martial; and
        ``(D) provide such limitations on the relief that may be 
    ordered under this section as the President considers 
    appropriate.''.
    (b) Conforming and Clerical Amendments.--
        (1) Heading amendment.--The heading of such section is amended 
    to read as follows:
``Sec. 830a. Art 30a. Proceedings conducted before referral''.
        (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning 
    of subchapter VI of chapter 47 of title 10, United States Code (the 
    Uniform Code of Military Justice), is amended by striking the item 
    relating to section 830a (article 30a) and inserting the following 
    new item:

``830a. 30a. Proceedings conducted before referral.''.
    SEC. 532. COMMAND INFLUENCE.
    (a) In General.--Section 837 of title 10, United States Code 
(article 37 of the Uniform Code of Military Justice), is amended--
        (1) by striking ``Unlawfully influencing action of court'' and 
    inserting ``Command influence'';
        (2) by amending subsection (a) to read as follows:
    ``(a)(1) No court-martial convening authority, nor any other 
commanding officer, may censure, reprimand, or admonish the court or 
any member, military judge, or counsel thereof, with respect to the 
findings or sentence adjudged by the court, or with respect to any 
other exercise of its or his functions in the conduct of the 
proceeding.
    ``(2) No court-martial convening authority, nor any other 
commanding officer, may deter or attempt to deter a potential witness 
from participating in the investigatory process or testifying at a 
court-martial. The denial of a request to travel at government expense 
or refusal to make a witness available shall not by itself constitute 
unlawful command influence.
    ``(3) No person subject to this chapter may attempt to coerce or, 
by any unauthorized means, attempt to influence the action of a court-
martial or any other military tribunal or any member thereof, in 
reaching the findings or sentence in any case, or the action of any 
convening, approving, or reviewing authority or preliminary hearing 
officer with respect to such acts taken pursuant to this chapter as 
prescribed by the President.
    ``(4) Conduct that does not constitute a violation of paragraphs 
(1) through (3) may include, for example--
        ``(A) general instructional or informational courses in 
    military justice if such courses are designed solely for the 
    purpose of instructing persons on the substantive and procedural 
    aspects of courts-martial;
        ``(B) statements regarding criminal activity or a particular 
    criminal offense that do not advocate a particular disposition, or 
    a particular court-martial finding or sentence, or do not relate to 
    a particular accused; or
        ``(C) statements and instructions given in open court by the 
    military judge or counsel.
    ``(5)(A) Notwithstanding paragraphs (1) through (3), but subject to 
subparagraph (B)--
        ``(i) a superior convening authority or officer may generally 
    discuss matters to consider regarding the disposition of alleged 
    violations of this chapter with a subordinate convening authority 
    or officer; and
        ``(ii) a subordinate convening authority or officer may seek 
    advice from a superior convening authority or officer regarding the 
    disposition of an alleged offense under this chapter.
    ``(B) No superior convening authority or officer may direct a 
subordinate convening authority or officer to make a particular 
disposition in a specific case or otherwise substitute the discretion 
of such authority or such officer for that of the subordinate convening 
authority or officer.'';
        (3) in subsection (b)--
            (A) by striking ``advanced, in grade'' and inserting 
        ``advanced in grade''; and
            (B) by striking ``accused before a court-martial'' and 
        inserting ``person in a court-martial proceeding''; and
        (4) by adding at the end the following new subsections:
    ``(c) No finding or sentence of a court-martial may be held 
incorrect on the ground of a violation of this section unless the 
violation materially prejudices the substantial rights of the accused.
    ``(d)(1) A superior convening authority or commanding officer may 
withhold the authority of a subordinate convening authority or officer 
to dispose of offenses in individual cases, types of cases, or 
generally.
    ``(2) Except as provided in paragraph (1) or as otherwise 
authorized by this chapter, a superior convening authority or 
commanding officer may not limit the discretion of a subordinate 
convening authority or officer to act with respect to a case for which 
the subordinate convening authority or officer has authority to dispose 
of the offenses.''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning 
subchapter VII of chapter 47 of title 10, United States Code (the 
Uniform Code of Military Justice), is amended by striking the item 
relating to section 837 (article 37) and inserting the following new 
item:

``837. Art. 37. Command influence.''.

    (c) Effective Date.--The amendments made by subsections (a) and (b) 
shall take effect on the date of the enactment of this Act and shall 
apply with respect to violations of section 837 of title 10, United 
States Code (article 37 of the Uniform Code of Military Justice), 
committed on or after such date.
    SEC. 533. STATUTE OF LIMITATIONS FOR CERTAIN OFFENSES.
    (a) In General.--Section 843 of title 10, United States Code 
(article 43 of the Uniform Code of Military Justice), is amended--
        (1) in subsection (a), by inserting ``maiming of a child, 
    kidnapping of a child,'' after ``sexual assault of a child,''; and
        (2) in subsection (b)(2)(B)--
            (A) by striking clauses (ii) and (iv); and
            (B) by redesignating clause (iii) as clause (ii).
    (b) Effective Date.--The amendments made by subsection (a) shall 
take effect on the date of the enactment of this Act and shall apply 
with respect to the prosecution of offenses committed before, on, or 
after the date of the enactment of this Act if the applicable 
limitation period has not yet expired.
    SEC. 534. PUBLIC ACCESS TO DOCKETS, FILINGS, AND COURT RECORDS OF 
      COURTS-MARTIAL OR OTHER RECORDS OF TRIAL OF THE MILITARY JUSTICE 
      SYSTEM.
    (a) In General.--Section 940a of title 10, United States Code 
(article 140a of the Uniform Code of Military Justice), is amended--
        (1) by striking ``The Secretary of Defense'' and inserting 
    ``(a) In General.--The Secretary of Defense, in consultation with 
    the Secretary of Homeland Security,'';
        (2) in subsection (a), as designated by paragraph (1)--
            (A) in the matter preceding paragraph (1), by inserting 
        ``(including with respect to the Coast Guard)'' after 
        ``military justice system''; and
            (B) in paragraph (4), by inserting ``public'' before 
        ``access to docket information''; and
        (3) by adding at the end the following new subsections:
    ``(b) Protection of Certain Personally Identifiable Information.--
Records of trial, docket information, filings, and other records made 
publicly accessible in accordance with the uniform standards and 
criteria for conduct established by the Secretary under subsection (a) 
shall restrict access to personally identifiable information of minors 
and victims of crime (including victims of sexual assault and domestic 
violence), as practicable to the extent such information is restricted 
in electronic filing systems of Federal and State courts.
    ``(c) Inapplicability to Certain Dockets and Records.--Nothing in 
this section shall be construed to provide public access to docket 
information, filings, or records that are classified, subject to a 
judicial protective order, or ordered sealed.''.
    (b) Existing Standards and Criteria.--The Secretary of Homeland 
Security shall apply to the Coast Guard the standards and criteria for 
conduct established by the Secretary of Defense under section 940a of 
title 10, United States Code (article 140a of the Uniform Code of 
Military Justice), as in effect on the day before the date of the 
enactment of this Act, until such time as the Secretary of Defense, in 
consultation with the Secretary of Homeland Security, prescribes 
revised standards and criteria for conduct under such section that 
implement the amendments made by subsection (a) of this section.
    SEC. 535. EXTENSION OF DEFENSE ADVISORY COMMITTEE ON INVESTIGATION, 
      PROSECUTION, AND DEFENSE OF SEXUAL ASSAULT IN THE ARMED FORCES.
    Section 546(f)(1) of the Carl Levin and Howard P. ``Buck'' McKeon 
National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2015 (10 U.S.C. 1561 
note) is amended by striking ``five'' and inserting ``10''.
    SEC. 536. AUTHORITY FOR RETURN OF PERSONAL PROPERTY TO VICTIMS OF 
      SEXUAL ASSAULT WHO FILE A RESTRICTED REPORT BEFORE CONCLUSION OF 
      RELATED PROCEEDINGS.
    Section 586 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 2012 (10 U.S.C. 1561 note) is amended--
        (1) by redesignating subsection (f) as subsection (e);
        (2) in subsection (e), as so redesignated, in the subsection 
    heading, by inserting ``in Unrestricted Reporting Cases'' after 
    ``Proceedings''; and
        (3) by adding at the end the following new subsection:
    ``(f) Return of Personal Property in Restricted Reporting Cases.--
(1) The Secretary of Defense shall prescribe procedures under which a 
victim who files a restricted report on an incident of sexual assault 
may request, at any time, the return of any personal property of the 
victim obtained as part of the sexual assault forensic examination.
    ``(2) The procedures shall ensure that--
        ``(A) a request of a victim under paragraph (1) may be made on 
    a confidential basis and without affecting the restricted nature of 
    the restricted report; and
        ``(B) at the time of the filing of the restricted report, a 
    Sexual Assault Response Coordinator or Sexual Assault Prevention 
    and Response Victim Advocate--
            ``(i) informs the victim that the victim may request the 
        return of personal property as described in paragraph (1); and
            ``(ii) advises the victim that such a request for the 
        return of personal property may negatively impact a subsequent 
        case adjudication, if the victim later decides to convert the 
        restricted report to an unrestricted report.
    ``(3) Except with respect to personal property returned to a victim 
under this subsection, nothing in this subsection shall affect the 
requirement to retain a sexual assault forensic examination (SAFE) kit 
for the period specified in subsection (c)(4)(A).''.
    SEC. 537. GUIDELINES ON SENTENCES FOR OFFENSES COMMITTED UNDER THE 
      UNIFORM CODE OF MILITARY JUSTICE.
    (a) Development of Guidelines.--Not later than the date specified 
in subsection (d), the Secretary of Defense shall develop nonbinding 
guidelines on sentences for offenses under chapter 47 of title 10, 
United States Code (the Uniform Code of Military Justice). The 
guidelines shall provide the sentencing authority with a suggested 
range of punishments, including suggested ranges of confinement, that 
will generally be appropriate for a violation of each offense under 
such chapter.
    (b) Sentencing Data.--In developing the guidelines for sentences 
under subsection (a), the Secretary of Defense shall take into account 
the sentencing data collected by the Military Justice Review Panel 
pursuant to section 946(f)(2) of title 10, United States Code (article 
146(f)(2) of the Uniform Code of Military Justice).
    (c) Submittal to Congress.--Not later than the date specified in 
subsection (d), the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the Committees 
on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of Representatives--
        (1) the guidelines for sentences developed under subsection 
    (a); and
        (2) an assessment of the feasibility and advisability of 
    implementing such guidelines in panel sentencing cases.
    (d) Date Specified.--The date specified in this subsection is the 
date that is not later than one year after the date on the which the 
first report of the Military Justice Review Panel is submitted to the 
Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of 
Representatives pursuant to section 946(f)(5) of title 10, United 
States Code (article 146(f)(5) of the Uniform Code of Military 
Justice).
    SEC. 538. NOTIFICATION OF SIGNIFICANT EVENTS AND DOCUMENTATION OF 
      PREFERENCE FOR PROSECUTION JURISDICTION FOR VICTIMS OF SEXUAL 
      ASSAULT.
    (a) Notification to Victims of Events in Military Justice 
Process.--
        (1) Notification required.--A member of the Armed Forces who is 
    the victim of an alleged sexual assault by another member of the 
    Armed Forces shall receive notification of each significant event 
    in the military justice process that relates to the investigation, 
    prosecution, and confinement of such other member for such assault.
        (2) Documentation.--Appropriate documentation of each 
    notification made pursuant to paragraph (1) shall be created and 
    maintained in an appropriate system of records of the military 
    department concerned.
    (b) Documentation of Victim's Preference for Prosecution 
Jurisdiction.--In the case of a member of the Armed Forces who is the 
victim of an alleged sexual assault committed by another member of the 
Armed Forces who is subject to prosecution for such offense both by 
court-martial under chapter 47 of title 10, United States Code (the 
Uniform Code of Military Justice), and by a civilian court under 
Federal or State law, appropriate documentation of the preference, if 
any, of such victim for prosecution of such offense by court-martial or 
by a civilian court as provided for by Rule for Courts-Martial 306(e) 
(as set forth in the Manual for Courts-Martial, 2019 edition, or any 
successor rule), shall be created and maintained in an appropriate 
system of records of the military department concerned.
    (c) Regulations.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall prescribe 
regulations implementing this section.
    SEC. 539. INCREASE IN NUMBER OF DIGITAL FORENSIC EXAMINERS FOR 
      CERTAIN MILITARY CRIMINAL INVESTIGATIVE ORGANIZATIONS.
    (a) In General.--Each Secretary of a military department shall take 
appropriate actions to increase the number of digital forensic 
examiners in each military criminal investigative organization 
specified in subsection (b) under the jurisdiction of such Secretary by 
not fewer than 10 from the authorized number of such examiners for such 
organization as of September 30, 2019.
    (b) Military Criminal Investigative Organizations.--The military 
criminal investigative organizations specified in this subsection are 
the following:
        (1) The Army Criminal Investigation Command.
        (2) The Naval Criminal Investigative Service.
        (3) The Air Force Office of Special Investigations.
    (c) Funding.--Funds for additional digital forensic examiners as 
required by subsection (a) for fiscal year 2020, including for 
compensation, initial training, and equipment, shall be derived from 
amounts authorized to be appropriated for that fiscal year for the 
Armed Force concerned for operation and maintenance.
    SEC. 540. INCREASE IN INVESTIGATIVE PERSONNEL AND VICTIM WITNESS 
      ASSISTANCE PROGRAM LIAISONS.
    (a) Military Criminal Investigative Services.--Not later than one 
year after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of each 
military department shall increase the number of personnel assigned to 
the military criminal investigative services of the department with the 
goal of ensuring, to the extent practicable, that the investigation of 
any sex-related offense is completed not later than six months after 
the date on which the investigation is initiated. An investigation 
shall be considered completed for purposes of the preceding sentence 
when the active phase of the investigation is sufficiently complete to 
enable the appropriate authority to reach a decision with respect to 
the disposition of charges for the sex-related offense.
    (b)  Victim Witness Assistance Program Liaisons.--Not later than 
one year after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of 
each military department shall increase the number of personnel serving 
as Victim Witness Assistance Program liaisons to address personnel 
shortages in the Victim Witness Assistance Program.
    (c) Rule of Construction.--Nothing in this section shall be 
construed to create any right or benefit, substantive or procedural, 
enforceable at law or in equity by any party against the United States, 
its departments, agencies, or entities, its officers, employees, or 
agents, or any other person.
SEC. 540A. TRAINING FOR SEXUAL ASSAULT INITIAL DISPOSITION AUTHORITIES 
ON EXERCISE OF DISPOSITION AUTHORITY FOR SEXUAL ASSAULT AND COLLATERAL 
OFFENSES.
    (a) In General.--The training for sexual assault initial 
disposition authorities on the exercise of disposition authority under 
chapter 47 of title 10, United States Code (the Uniform Code of 
Military Justice), shall include comprehensive training on the exercise 
of disposition authority with respect to cases for which disposition 
authority is withheld to such authorities pursuant to the memorandum 
described in subsection (b) for the purpose of promoting confidence and 
trust in the military justice process with respect to such cases.
    (b) Memorandum Described.--The memorandum described in this 
subsection is the memorandum of the Secretary of Defense titled 
``Withholding Initial Disposition Authority Under the Uniform Code of 
Military Justice in Certain Sexual Assault Cases'' and dated April 20, 
2012, or any successor memorandum.
SEC. 540B. TRAINING FOR COMMANDERS IN THE ARMED FORCES ON THEIR ROLE IN 
ALL STAGES OF MILITARY JUSTICE IN CONNECTION WITH SEXUAL ASSAULT.
    (a) In General.--The training provided commanders in the Armed 
Forces shall include comprehensive training on the role of commanders 
in all stages of military justice in connection with sexual assaults by 
members of the Armed Forces.
    (b) Elements To Be Covered.--The training provided pursuant to 
subsection (a) shall include training on the following:
        (1) The role of commanders in each stage of the military 
    justice process in connection with sexual assault committed by a 
    member of the Armed Forces, including investigation and 
    prosecution.
        (2) The role of commanders in assuring that victims of sexual 
    assault described in paragraph (1) are informed of, and have the 
    opportunity to obtain, assistance available for victims of sexual 
    assault by law.
        (3) The role of commanders in assuring that victims of sexual 
    assault described in paragraph (1) are afforded the rights and 
    protections available to victims by law.
        (4) The role of commanders in preventing retaliation against 
    victims, their family members, witnesses, first responders, and 
    bystanders for their their complaints, statements, testimony, and 
    status in connection with sexual assault described in paragraph 
    (1), including the role of commanders in ensuring that subordinates 
    in the command are aware of their responsibilities in preventing 
    such retaliation.
        (5) The role of commanders in establishing and maintaining a 
    healthy command climate in connection with reporting on sexual 
    assault described in paragraph (1), and in the response of the 
    commander, subordinates in the command, and other personnel in the 
    command to such sexual assault, such reporting, and the military 
    justice process in connection with such sexual assault.
        (6) Any other matters on the role of commanders in connection 
    with sexual assault described in paragraph (1) that the Secretary 
    of Defense considers appropriate for purposes of this section.
    (c) Incorporation of Best Practices.--
        (1) In general.--The training provided pursuant to subsection 
    (a) shall incorporate best practices on all matters covered by the 
    training.
        (2) Identification of best practices.--The Secretaries of the 
    military departments shall, acting through the training and 
    doctrine commands of the Armed Forces, undertake from time to time 
    surveys and other reviews of the matters covered by the training 
    provided pursuant to subsection (a) in order to identify and 
    incorporate into such training the most current practicable best 
    practices on such matters.
    (d) Uniformity.--The Secretary of Defense shall ensure that the 
training provided pursuant to subsection (a) is, to the extent 
practicable, uniform across the Armed Forces.
SEC. 540C. TIMELY DISPOSITION OF NONPROSECUTABLE SEX-RELATED OFFENSES.
    (a) Policy Required.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall develop and 
implement a policy to ensure the timely disposition of nonprosecutable 
sex-related offenses.
    (b) Nonprosecutable Sex-related Offense Defined.--In this section, 
the term ``nonprosecutable sex-related offense'' means an alleged sex-
related offense (as that term is defined in section 1044e(g) of title 
10, United States Code) that a court-martial convening authority has 
declined to refer for trial by a general or special court-martial under 
chapter 47 of title 10, United States Code (the Uniform Code of 
Military Justice), due to a determination that there is insufficient 
evidence to support prosecution of the sex-related offense.
SEC. 540D. DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE-WIDE POLICY AND MILITARY DEPARTMENT-
SPECIFIC PROGRAMS ON REINVIGORATION OF THE PREVENTION OF SEXUAL ASSAULT 
INVOLVING MEMBERS OF THE ARMED FORCES.
    (a) Policy Required.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall develop and issue 
a comprehensive policy for the Department of Defense to reinvigorate 
the prevention of sexual assault involving members of the Armed Forces.
    (b) Policy Elements.--
        (1) In general.--The policy required by subsection (a) shall 
    include the following:
            (A) Education and training for members of the Armed Forces 
        on the prevention of sexual assault.
            (B) Elements for programs designed to encourage and promote 
        healthy relationships among members of the Armed Forces.
            (C) Elements for programs designed to empower and enhance 
        the role of non-commissioned officers in the prevention of 
        sexual assault.
            (D) Elements for programs to foster social courage among 
        members of the Armed Forces to encourage and promote 
        intervention in situations in order to prevent sexual assault.
            (E) Processes and mechanisms designed to address behaviors 
        among members of the Armed Forces that are included in the 
        continuum of harm that frequently results in sexual assault.
            (F) Elements for programs designed to address alcohol 
        abuse, including binge drinking, among members of the Armed 
        Forces.
            (G) Such other elements, processes, mechanisms, and other 
        matters as the Secretary of Defense considers appropriate.
        (2) Continuum of harm resulting in sexual assault.--For 
    purposes of paragraph (1)(E), the continuum of harm that frequently 
    results in sexual assault includes hazing, sexual harassment, and 
    related behaviors (including language choices, off-hand statements, 
    jokes, and unconscious attitudes or biases) that create a 
    permissive climate for sexual assault.
    (c) Programs Required.--Not later than 180 days after the issuance 
of the policy required by subsection (a), each Secretary of a military 
department shall develop and implement for each Armed Force under the 
jurisdiction of such Secretary a program to reinvigorate the prevention 
of sexual assaults involving members of the Armed Forces. Each program 
shall include the elements, processes, mechanisms, and other matters 
developed by the Secretary of Defense pursuant to subsection (a) 
tailored to the requirements and circumstances of the Armed Force or 
Armed Forces concerned.
SEC. 540E. RECOMMENDATIONS ON SEPARATE PUNITIVE ARTICLE IN THE UNIFORM 
CODE OF MILITARY JUSTICE ON SEXUAL HARASSMENT.
    Not later than 180 days after the date of the enactment of this 
Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the Committees on Armed 
Services of the Senate and the House of Representatives a report 
containing such recommendations as the Secretary considers appropriate 
with respect to the establishment of a separate punitive article in 
chapter 47 of title 10, United States Code (the Uniform Code of 
Military Justice), on sexual harassment.
SEC. 540F. REPORT ON MILITARY JUSTICE SYSTEM INVOLVING ALTERNATIVE 
AUTHORITY FOR DETERMINING WHETHER TO PREFER OR REFER CHANGES FOR FELONY 
OFFENSES UNDER THE UNIFORM CODE OF MILITARY JUSTICE.
    (a) Report Required.--
        (1) In general.--Not later than 300 days after the date of the 
    enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the 
    Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of 
    Representatives a report setting forth the results of a study, 
    conducted for purposes of the report, on the feasibility and 
    advisability of an alternative military justice system in which 
    determinations as to whether to prefer or refer charges for trial 
    by court-martial for any offense specified in paragraph (2) is made 
    by a judge advocate in grade O-6 or higher who has significant 
    experience in criminal litigation and is outside of the chain of 
    command of the member subject to the charges rather than by a 
    commanding officer of the member who is in the chain of command of 
    the member.
        (2) Specified offense.--An offense specified in this paragraph 
    is any offense under chapter 47 of title 10, United States Code 
    (the Uniform Code of Military Justice), for which the maximum 
    punishment authorized includes confinement for more than one year.
    (b) Elements.--The study required for purposes of the report under 
subsection (a) shall address the following:
        (1) Relevant procedural, legal, and policy implications and 
    considerations of the alternative military justice system described 
    in subsection (a).
        (2) An analysis of the following in connection with the 
    implementation and maintenance of the alternative military justice 
    system:
            (A) Legal personnel requirements.
            (B) Changes in force structure.
            (C) Amendments to law.
            (D) Impacts on the timeliness and efficiency of legal 
        processes and court-martial adjudications.
            (E) Potential legal challenges to the system.
            (F) Potential changes in prosecution and conviction rates.
            (G) Potential impacts on the preservation of good order and 
        discipline, including the ability of a commander to carry out 
        nonjudicial punishment and other administrative actions.
            (H) Such other considerations as the Secretary considers 
        appropriate.
        (3) A comparative analysis of the military justice systems of 
    relevant foreign allies with the current military justice system of 
    the United States and the alternative military justice system, 
    including whether or not approaches of the military justice systems 
    of such allies to determinations described in subsection (a) are 
    appropriate for the military justice system of the United States.
        (4) An assessment of the feasibility and advisability of 
    conducting a pilot program to assess the feasibility and 
    advisability of the alternative military justice system, and, if 
    the pilot program is determined to be feasible and advisable--
            (A) an analysis of potential legal issues in connection 
        with the pilot program, including potential issues for appeals; 
        and
            (B) recommendations on the following:
                (i) The populations to be subject to the pilot program.
                (ii) The duration of the pilot program.
                (iii) Metrics to measure the effectiveness of the pilot 
            program.
                (iv) The resources to be used to conduct the pilot 
            program.
SEC. 540G. REPORT ON STANDARDIZATION AMONG THE MILITARY DEPARTMENTS IN 
COLLECTION AND PRESENTATION OF INFORMATION ON MATTERS WITHIN THE 
MILITARY JUSTICE SYSTEM.
    Not later than 180 days after the date of the enactment of this 
Act, the Secretary of Defense shall, in consultation with the 
Secretaries of the military departments, submit to the Committees on 
Armed Services of the Senate and the House of Representatives a report 
setting forth the following:
        (1) A plan for actions to provide for standardization, to the 
    extent practicable, among the military departments in the 
    collection and presentation of information on matters within their 
    military justice systems, including information collected and 
    maintained for purposes of section 940a of title 10, United States 
    Code (article 140a of the Uniform Code of Military Justice), and 
    such other information as the Secretary considers appropriate.
        (2) An assessment of the feasibility and advisability of 
    establishing and maintaining a single, Department of Defense-wide 
    data management system for the standardized collection and 
    presentation of information described in paragraph (1).
SEC. 540H. REPORT ON EXPANSION OF AIR FORCE SAFE TO REPORT POLICY 
ACROSS THE ARMED FORCES.
    (a) Report.--Not late than 180 days after the date of the enactment 
of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall, in consultation with the 
Secretaries of the military departments and the Secretary of Homeland 
Security, submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and 
the House of Representatives a report setting forth an assessment of 
the feasibility and advisability of expanding the applicability of the 
safe to report policy described in subsection (b) so that the policy 
applies across the Armed Forces.
    (b) Safe to Report Policy.--The safe to report policy described in 
this subsection is the policy, currently applicable in the Air Force 
alone, under which a member of the Armed Forces who is the victim of an 
alleged sexual assault committed by another member of the Armed Forces, 
but who may have committed minor collateral misconduct at or about the 
time of such alleged sexual assault, or whose minor collateral 
misconduct at or about such time is discovered only as a result of the 
investigation into such alleged sexual assault, may report such alleged 
sexual assault to proper authorities without fear or receipt of 
discipline in connection with such minor collateral misconduct.
SEC. 540I. ASSESSMENT OF RACIAL, ETHNIC, AND GENDER DISPARITIES IN THE 
MILITARY JUSTICE SYSTEM.
    (a) In General.--The Secretary of Defense shall provide for the 
carrying out of the activities described in subsections (b) and (c) in 
order to improve the ability of the Department of Defense to detect and 
address racial, ethnic, and gender disparities in the military justice 
system.
    (b) Secretary of Defense and Related Activities.--The activities 
described in this subsection are the following, to be commenced or 
carried out (as applicable) by not later than 180 days after the date 
of the enactment of this Act:
        (1) For each court-martial conducted by an Armed Force after 
    the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense 
    shall require the head of the Armed Force concerned--
            (A) to record the race, ethnicity, and gender of the victim 
        and the accused, and such other demographic information about 
        the victim and the accused as the Secretary considers 
        appropriate;
            (B) to include data based on the information described in 
        subparagraph (A) in the annual military justice reports of the 
        Armed Force.
        (2) The Secretary of Defense, in consultation with the 
    Secretaries of the military departments and the Secretary of 
    Homeland Security, shall issue guidance that--
            (A) establishes criteria to determine when data indicating 
        possible racial, ethnic, or gender disparities in the military 
        justice process should be further reviewed; and
            (B) describes how such a review should be conducted.
        (3) The Secretary of Defense, in consultation with the 
    Secretaries of the military departments and the Secretary of 
    Homeland Security, shall--
            (A) conduct an evaluation to identify the causes of any 
        racial, ethnic, or gender disparities identified in the 
        military justice system;
            (B) take steps to address the causes of any such 
        disparities, as appropriate.
    (c) DAC-IPAD Activities.--
        (1) In general.--The activities described in this subsection 
    are the following, to be conducted by the independent committee 
    DAC-IPAD:
            (A) A review and assessment, by fiscal year, of the race 
        and ethnicity of members of the Armed Forces accused of a 
        penetrative sexual assault offense or contact sexual assault 
        offense in an unrestricted report made pursuant to Department 
        of Defense Instruction 6495.02, including an unrestricted 
        report involving a spouse or intimate partner, in all cases 
        completed in each fiscal year assessed.
            (B) A review and assessment, by fiscal year, of the race 
        and ethnicity of members of the Armed Forces against whom 
        charges were preferred pursuant to Rule for Courts-Martial 307 
        for a penetrative sexual assault offense or contact sexual 
        assault offense in all cases completed in each fiscal year 
        assessed.
            (C) A review and assessment, by fiscal year, of the race 
        and ethnicity of members of the Armed Forces who were convicted 
        of a penetrative sexual assault offense or contact sexual 
        assault offense in all cases completed in each fiscal year 
        assessed.
        (2) Information from federal agencies.--
            (A) In general.--Upon request by the chair of the 
        committee, a department or agency of the Federal Government 
        shall provide information that the committee considers 
        necessary to conduct reviews and assessments required by 
        paragraph (1), including military criminal investigation files, 
        charge sheets, records of trial, and personnel records.
            (B) Handling, storage, and return.--The committee shall 
        handle and store all records received and reviewed under this 
        subsection in accordance with applicable privacy laws and 
        Department of Defense policy, and shall return all records so 
        received in a timely manner.
        (3) Report.--Not later than one year after the date of the 
    enactment of this Act, the committee shall submit to the Secretary 
    of Defense, and to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate 
    and the House of Representatives, a report setting forth the 
    results of the reviews and assessments required by paragraph (1). 
    The report shall include such recommendations for legislative or 
    administrative action as the committee considers appropriate in 
    light of such results.
        (4) Definitions.--In this subsection:
            (A) The term ``independent committee DAC-IPAD'' means the 
        independent committee established by the Secretary of Defense 
        under section 546 of the Carl Levin and Howard P. ``Buck'' 
        McKeon National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2015 
        (Public Law 113-291; 128 Stat. 3374), commonly known as the 
        ``DAC-IPAD''.
            (B) The term ``case'' means an unrestricted report of any 
        penetrative sexual assault offense or contact sexual assault 
        offense made against a member of the Armed Forces pursuant to 
        Department of Defense Instruction 6495.02, including any 
        unrestricted report involving a spouses or intimate partner for 
        which an investigation has been opened by a criminal 
        investigative organization.
            (C) The term ``completed'', with respect to a case, means 
        that the case was tried to verdict, dismissed without further 
        action, or dismissed and then resolved by non-judicial or 
        administrative proceedings.
            (D) The term ``contact sexual assault offense'' means 
        aggravated sexual contact, abusive sexual contact, wrongful 
        sexual contact, and attempts to commit such offenses under the 
        Uniform Code of Military Justice.
            (E) The term ``penetrative sexual assault offense'' means 
        rape, aggravated sexual assault, sexual assault, forcible 
        sodomy, and attempts to commit such offenses under the Uniform 
        Code of Military Justice.
SEC. 540J. PILOT PROGRAMS ON DEFENSE INVESTIGATORS IN THE MILITARY 
JUSTICE SYSTEM.
    (a) In General.--Each Secretary of a military department shall 
carry out a pilot program on defense investigators within the military 
justice system under the jurisdiction of such Secretary in order to do 
the following:
        (1) Determine whether the presence of defense investigators 
    within such military justice system will--
            (A) make such military justice system more effective in 
        providing an effective defense for the accused; and
            (B) make such military justice system more fair and 
        efficient.
        (2) Otherwise assess the feasibility and advisability of 
    defense investigators as an element of such military justice 
    system.
    (b) Elements.--
        (1) Interview of victim.--A defense investigator may question a 
    victim under a pilot program only upon a request made through the 
    Special Victims' Counsel or other counsel if the victim does not 
    have such counsel.
        (2) Uniformity across military justice systems.--The Secretary 
    of Defense shall ensure that the personnel and activities of 
    defense investigators under the pilot programs are, to the extent 
    practicable, uniform across the military justice systems of the 
    military departments.
    (c) Report.--
        (1) In general.--Not later than three years after the date of 
    the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall, in 
    consultation with the Secretaries of the military departments, 
    submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the 
    House of Representatives a report on the pilot programs under 
    subsection (a).
        (2) Elements.--The report required by paragraph (1) shall 
    include the following:
            (A) A description of each pilot program, including the 
        personnel and activities of defense investigators under such 
        pilot program.
            (B) An assessment of the feasibility and advisability of 
        establishing and maintaining defense investigators as an 
        element of the military justice systems of the military 
        departments.
            (C) If the assessment under subparagraph (B) is that the 
        establishment and maintenance of defense investigators as an 
        element of the military justice systems of the military 
        departments is feasible and advisable, such recommendations for 
        legislative and administrative action as the Secretary of 
        Defense considers appropriate to establish and maintain defense 
        investigators as an element of the military justice systems.
            (D) Any other matters the Secretary of Defense considers 
        appropriate.
SEC. 540K. REPORT ON PRESERVATION OF RECOURSE TO RESTRICTED REPORT ON 
SEXUAL ASSAULT FOR VICTIMS OF SEXUAL ASSAULT FOLLOWING CERTAIN VICTIM 
OR THIRD-PARTY COMMUNICATIONS.
    (a) Report Required.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the 
Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of 
Representatives a report making findings and recommendations on the 
feasibility and advisability of a policy for the Department of Defense 
that would permit a victim of a sexual assault, that is or may be 
investigated as a result of a communication described in subsection 
(b), which victim is a member of the Armed Forces or an adult dependent 
of a member of the Armed Forces, to have the reporting on the sexual 
assault be treated as a restricted report without regard to the party 
initiating or receiving such communication.
    (b) Communications.--A communication described in this subsection 
is a communication reporting a sexual assault as follows:
        (1) By the victim to a member of the Armed Forces, whether a 
    commissioned officer or a noncommissioned officer, in the chain of 
    command of the victim or the victim's military sponsor.
        (2) By the victim to military law enforcement personnel or 
    personnel of a military criminal investigative organization (MCIO).
        (3) By any individual other than victim.
    (c) Scope of Findings and Recommendations.--The report required by 
subsection (a) may include recommendations for new provisions of 
statute or regulations, or modification of current statute or 
regulations, that may be required to put into effect the findings and 
recommendations described in subsection (a).
    (d) Consultation.--In preparing the report required by subsection 
(a), the Secretary shall consult with the Defense Advisory Committee on 
Investigation, Prosecution, and Defense of Sexual Assault in the Armed 
Forces (DAC-IPAD) under section 546 of the Carl Levin and Howard P. 
``Buck'' McKeon National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2015 
(10 U.S.C. 1561 note).
SEC. 540L. REPORT ON ESTABLISHMENT OF GUARDIAN AD LITEM PROGRAM FOR 
CERTAIN MILITARY DEPENDENTS WHO ARE A VICTIM OR WITNESS OF AN OFFENSE 
UNDER THE UNIFORM CODE OF MILITARY JUSTICE INVOLVING ABUSE OR 
EXPLOITATION.
    (a) Report Required.--
        (1) In general.--Not later than one year after the date of the 
    enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the 
    Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of 
    Representatives a report setting forth an assessment of the 
    feasibility and advisability of establishing a guardian ad litem 
    program for military dependents described in paragraph (2) who are 
    a victim or witness of an offense under chapter 47 of title 10, 
    United States Code (the Uniform Code of Military Justice), that 
    involves an element of abuse or exploitation in order to protect 
    the best interests of such dependents in a court-martial of such 
    offense.
        (2) Covered dependents.--The military dependents described in 
    this paragraph are as follows:
            (A) Military dependents under 12 years of age.
            (B) Military dependents who lack mental or other capacity.
    (b) Elements.--The report required by subsection (a) shall include 
the following:
        (1) An assessment of the feasibility and advisability of 
    establishing a guardian ad litem program as described in subsection 
    (a).
        (2) If establishment of the guardian ad litem program is 
    considered feasible and advisable, the following:
            (A) A description of administrative requirements in 
        connection with the program, including the following:
                (i) Any memoranda of understanding between the 
            Department of Defense and State and local authorities 
            required for purposes of the program.
                (ii) The personnel, funding, and other resources 
            required for purposes of the program.
            (B) Best practices for the program (as determined in 
        consultation with appropriate civilian experts on child 
        advocacy).
            (C) Such recommendations for legislative and administration 
        action to implement the program as the Secretary considers 
        appropriate.
SEC. 540M. COMPTROLLER GENERAL OF THE UNITED STATES REPORT ON 
IMPLEMENTATION BY THE ARMED FORCES OF RECENT STATUTORY REQUIREMENTS ON 
SEXUAL ASSAULT PREVENTION AND RESPONSE IN THE MILITARY.
    (a) Report Required.--The Comptroller General of the United States 
shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the 
House of Representatives a report, in writing, on a study, conducted by 
the Comptroller General for purposes of the report, on the 
implementation by the Armed Forces of statutory requirements on sexual 
assault prevention and response in the military in the National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2004 (Public Law 108-136) and each 
succeeding national defense authorization Act through the John S. 
McCain National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2019 (Public 
Law 115-232).
    (b) Elements.--The report required by subsection (a) shall include 
the following:
        (1) A list and citation of each statutory requirement (whether 
    codified or uncodified) on sexual assault prevention and response 
    in the military in each national defense authorization Act 
    specified in paragraph (1), including--
            (A) whether such statutory requirement is still in force; 
        and
            (B) if such statutory requirement is no longer in force, 
        the date of the repeal or expiration of such requirement.
        (2) For each statutory requirement listed pursuant to paragraph 
    (1), the following:
            (A) An assessment of the extent to which such requirement 
        was implemented, or is currently being implemented, as 
        applicable, by each Armed Force to which such requirement 
        applied or applies.
            (B) A description and assessment of the actions taken by 
        each of the Department of Defense, the military department 
        concerned, and the Armed Force concerned to assess and 
        determine the effectiveness of actions taken pursuant to such 
        requirement in meeting its intended objective.
        (3) Any other matters in connection with the statutory 
    requirements specified in subsection (a), and the implementation of 
    such requirements by the Armed Forces, that the Comptroller General 
    considers appropriate.
    (c) Briefings.--Not later than May 1, 2020, the Comptroller General 
shall provide to the committees referred to in subsection (a) one or 
more briefings on the status of the study required by subsection (a), 
including any preliminary findings and recommendations of the 
Comptroller General as a result of the study as of the date of such 
briefing.
SEC. 540N. SENSE OF CONGRESS ON THE PORT CHICAGO 50.
    It is the sense of Congress that--
        (1) the American people should recognize the role of racial 
    bias during the era in which the prosecution and convictions of the 
    Port Chicago 50 took place for mutiny following the deadliest home-
    front disaster in World War II, in which 320 were killed on July 
    17, 1944, during a munitions explosion; and
        (2) in light of the well-documented challenges associated with 
    uniformed service by African Americans during this era, the 
    Secretary of the Navy should, as appropriate, recommend executive 
    action in favor of the 49 remaining Sailors with general court-
    martial convictions and the 207 remaining Sailors with summary 
    court-martial convictions.

                    Subtitle E--Other Legal Matters

    SEC. 541. IMPROVEMENT OF CERTAIN SPECIAL VICTIMS' COUNSEL 
      AUTHORITIES.
    (a) Enhancement of Legal Consultation and Assistance in Connection 
With Potential Victim Benefits.--Paragraph (8)(D) of subsection (b) of 
section 1044e of title 10, United States Code, is amended by striking 
``and other'' and inserting ``, section 1408(h) of this title, and 
other''.
    (b) Expansion of Legal Assistance Authorized to Include 
Consultation and Assistance for Retaliation.--Subsection (b) of such 
section is amended further--
        (1) by redesignating paragraph (10) as paragraph (11); and
        (2) by inserting after paragraph (9) the following new 
    paragraph (10):
        ``(10) Legal consultation and assistance in connection with an 
    incident of retaliation, whether such incident occurs before, 
    during, or after the conclusion of any criminal proceedings, 
    including--
            ``(A) in understanding the rights and protections afforded 
        to victims of retaliation;
            ``(B) in the filing of complaints; and
            ``(C) in any resulting military justice proceedings.''.
    (c) Staffing Caseload Levels.--Such section is further amended--
        (1) by redesignating subsections (g) and (h) as subsections (h) 
    and (i), respectively; and
        (2) by inserting after subsection (f) the following new 
    subsection (g):
    ``(g) Staffing Caseload Levels.--Commencing not later than four 
years after the date of the enactment of the National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2020, each Secretary concerned shall 
ensure that the number of Special Victims' Counsel serving in each 
military department (and with respect to the Coast Guard) is sufficient 
to ensure that the average caseload of a Special Victims' Counsel does 
not exceed, to the extent practicable, 25 cases any given time.''.
    SEC. 542. AVAILABILITY OF SPECIAL VICTIMS' COUNSEL AT MILITARY 
      INSTALLATIONS.
    (a) Deadline for Availability.--Section 1044e(f) of title 10, 
United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new 
paragraph:
    ``(4)(A) Subject to subparagraph (B), if a Special Victims' Counsel 
is not available at a military installation for access by a member of 
the armed forces who requests access to a Special Victims' Counsel, a 
Special Victims' Counsel shall be made available at such installation 
for access by such member by not later than 72 hours after such 
request.
    ``(B) If the Secretary concerned determines that, due to exigent 
circumstances related to military activities, a Special Victims' 
Counsel cannot be made available to a member of the armed forces within 
the time period required by subparagraph (A), the Secretary concerned 
shall ensure that a Special Victims' Counsel is made available to such 
member as soon as is practical under such circumstances.''.
    (b) Report on Civilian Support of SVCs.--Not later than 180 days 
after the date of the enactment of this Act, each Secretary of a 
military department shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services of 
the Senate and the House of Representatives a report setting forth the 
assessment of such Secretary of the feasibility and advisability of 
establishing and maintaining for each Special Victims' Counsel under 
the jurisdiction of such Secretary one or more civilian positions for 
the purpose of--
        (1) providing support to such Special Victims' Counsel; and
        (2) ensuring continuity and the preservation of institutional 
    knowledge in transitions between the service of individuals as such 
    Special Victims' Counsel.
    SEC. 543. NOTIFICATION OF ISSUANCE OF MILITARY PROTECTIVE ORDER TO 
      CIVILIAN LAW ENFORCEMENT.
    (a) Notification of Issuance.--Section 1567a of title 10, United 
States Code, is amended--
        (1) in subsection (a), by striking ``and any individual 
    involved in the order does not reside on a military installation at 
    any time during the duration of the military protective order, the 
    commander of the military installation shall notify'' and inserting 
    ``, the commander of the unit to which the member is assigned 
    shall, not later than seven days after the date of the issuance of 
    the order, notify'';
        (2) by redesignating subsection (b) as subsection (c);
        (3) by inserting after subsection (a) the following new 
    subsection (b);
    ``(b) Notification in Event of Transfer.--In the event that a 
member of the armed forces against whom a military protective order is 
issued is transferred to another unit--
        ``(1) not later than the date of the transfer, the commander of 
    the unit from which the member is transferred shall notify the 
    commander of the unit to which the member is transferred of--
            ``(A) the issuance of the protective order; and
            ``(B) the individuals involved in the order; and
        ``(2) not later than seven days after receiving the notice 
    under paragraph (1), the commander of the unit to which the member 
    is transferred shall provide notice of the order to the appropriate 
    civilian authorities in accordance with subsection (a).''; and
        (4) in subsection (c), as so redesignated, by striking 
    ``commander of the military installation'' and inserting 
    ``commander of the unit to which the member is assigned''.
    (b) Annual Report Required.--Not later than March 1, 2021, and each 
year thereafter through 2025, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to 
the congressional defense committees a report that identifies--
        (1) the number of military protective orders issued in the 
    calendar year preceding the year in which the report is submitted; 
    and
        (2) the number of such orders that were reported to appropriate 
    civilian authorities in accordance with section 1567a(a) of title 
    10, United States Code, in such preceding year.
    SEC. 544. COPYRIGHT PROTECTION FOR CIVILIAN FACULTY OF CERTAIN 
      ACCREDITED INSTITUTIONS.
    Section 105 of title 17, United States Code, is amended--
        (1) by inserting ``(a) In general.--'' before ``Copyright''; 
    and
        (2) by adding at the end the following:
    ``(b) Copyright Protection of Certain of Works.--Subject to 
subsection (c), the covered author of a covered work owns the copyright 
to that covered work.
    ``(c) Use by Federal Government.--The Secretary of Defense may 
direct the covered author of a covered work to provide the Federal 
Government with an irrevocable, royalty-free, world-wide, nonexclusive 
license to reproduce, distribute, perform, or display such covered work 
for purposes of the United States Government.
    ``(c) Definitions.--In this section:
        ``(1) The term `covered author' means a civilian member of the 
    faculty of a covered institution.
        ``(2) The term `covered institution' means the following:
            ``(A) National Defense University.
            ``(B) United States Military Academy.
            ``(C) Army War College.
            ``(D) United States Army Command and General Staff College.
            ``(E) United States Naval Academy.
            ``(F) Naval War College.
            ``(G) Naval Post Graduate School.
            ``(H) Marine Corps University.
            ``(I) United States Air Force Academy.
            ``(J) Air University.
            ``(K) Defense Language Institute.
            ``(L) United States Coast Guard Academy.
        ``(3) The term `covered work' means a literary work produced by 
    a covered author in the course of employment at a covered 
    institution for publication by a scholarly press or journal.''.
    SEC. 545. TERMINATION OF LEASES OF PREMISES AND MOTOR VEHICLES OF 
      SERVICEMEMBERS WHO INCUR CATASTROPHIC INJURY OR ILLNESS OR DIE 
      WHILE IN MILITARY SERVICE.
    (a) Catastrophic Injuries and Illnesses.--Subsection (a) of section 
305 of the Servicemembers Civil Relief Act (50 U.S.C. 3955), as amended 
by section 301 of the Veterans Benefits and Transition Act of 2018 
(Public Law 115-407), is further amended by adding at the end the 
following new paragraph:
        ``(4) Catastrophic injury or illness of lessee.--The spouse of 
    the lessee on a lease described in subsection (b) may terminate the 
    lease during the one-year period beginning on the date on which the 
    lessee incurs a catastrophic injury or illness (as that term is 
    defined in section 439(g) of title 37, United States Code), if the 
    lessee incurs the catastrophic injury or illness during a period of 
    military service or while performing full-time National Guard duty, 
    active Guard and Reserve duty, or inactive-duty training (as such 
    terms are defined in section 101(d) of title 10, United States 
    Code).''.
    (b) Deaths.--Paragraph (3) of such subsection is amended by 
striking ``in subsection (b)(1)'' and inserting ``in subsection (b)''.
    SEC. 546. MILITARY ORDERS REQUIRED FOR TERMINATION OF LEASES 
      PURSUANT TO THE SERVICEMEMBERS CIVIL RELIEF ACT.
    Section 305(i) of the Servicemembers Civil Relief Act (50 U.S.C. 
3955) is amended--
        (1) in paragraph (1), by inserting ``(including orders for 
    separation or retirement)'' after ``official military orders''; and
        (2) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
        ``(3) Permanent change of station.--The term `permanent change 
    of station' includes separation or retirement from military 
    service.''.
    SEC. 547. PRESERVATION OF RIGHT TO BRING CLASS ACTION UNDER 
      SERVICEMEMBERS CIVIL RELIEF ACT.
    (a) In General.--Section 802(a) of the Servicemembers Civil Relief 
Act (50 U.S.C. 4042(a)) is amended--
        (1) in paragraph (1), by striking ``and'' at the end;
        (2) in paragraph (2), by striking the period at the end and 
    inserting ``; and''; and
        (3) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
        ``(3) be a representative party on behalf of members of a class 
    or be a member of a class, in accordance with the Federal Rules of 
    Civil Procedure, notwithstanding any previous agreement to the 
    contrary.''.
    (b) Construction.--The amendments made by subsection (a) shall not 
be construed to imply that a person aggrieved by a violation of such 
Act did not have a right to bring a civil action as a representative 
party on behalf of members of a class or be a member of a class in a 
civil action before the date of the enactment of this Act.
    SEC. 548. LEGAL COUNSEL FOR VICTIMS OF ALLEGED DOMESTIC VIOLENCE 
      OFFENSES.
    (a) In General.--Not later than December 1, 2020, the Secretary of 
Defense shall carry out a program to provide legal counsel (referred to 
in this section as ``Counsel'') to victims of alleged domestic violence 
offenses who are otherwise eligible for military legal assistance under 
section 1044 of title 10, United States Code.
    (b) Form of Implementation.--The program required under subsection 
(a) may be carried out as part of another program of the Department of 
Defense or through the establishment of a separate program.
    (c) Training and Terms.--The Secretary of Defense shall ensure that 
Counsel--
        (1) receive specialized training in legal issues commonly 
    associated with alleged domestic violence offenses; and
        (2) to the extent practicable, serve as Counsel for a period of 
    not less than 2 years.
    (d) Attorney-client Relationship.--The relationship between a 
Counsel and a victim in the provision of legal advice and assistance 
shall be the relationship between an attorney and client.
    (e) Paralegal Support.--The Secretary of Defense shall ensure that 
sufficient trained paralegal support is provided to Counsel under the 
program.
    (f) Report Required.--
        (1) In general.--Not later than 120 days after the date of the 
    enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the 
    Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of 
    Representatives a report on the implementation of the program under 
    subsection (a).
        (2) Elements.--The report required under paragraph (1) shall 
    include the following:
            (A) A description and assessment of the manner in which the 
        Department of Defense will implement the program required under 
        subsection (a).
            (B) An explanation of whether the program will be carried 
        out as part of another program of the Department or through the 
        establishment of a separate program.
            (C) A comprehensive description of the additional 
        personnel, resources, and training that will be required to 
        implement the program, including identification of the specific 
        number of additional billets that will be needed to staff the 
        program.
            (D) Recommendations for any modifications to law that may 
        be necessary to effectively and efficiently implement the 
        program.
    (g) Alleged Domestic Violence Offense Defined.--In this section, 
the term ``alleged domestic violence offense'' means any allegation 
of--
        (1) a violation of section 928(b), 928b(1), 928b(5), or 930 of 
    title 10, United States Code (article 128(b), 128b(1), 128b(5), or 
    130 of the Uniform Code of Military Justice), when committed 
    against a spouse, intimate partner, or immediate family member;
        (2) a violation of any other provision of subchapter X of 
    chapter 47 of such title (the Uniform Code of Military Justice), 
    when committed against a spouse, intimate partner, or immediate 
    family member; or
        (3) an attempt to commit an offense specified in paragraph (1) 
    or (2) as punishable under section 880 of such title (article 80 of 
    the Uniform Code of Military Justice).
    SEC. 549. NOTICE TO VICTIMS OF ALLEGED SEXUAL ASSAULT OF PENDENCY 
      OF FURTHER ADMINISTRATIVE ACTION FOLLOWING A DETERMINATION NOT TO 
      REFER TO TRIAL BY COURT-MARTIAL.
    Under regulations prescribed by the Secretary of Defense, upon a 
determination not to refer a case of alleged sexual assault for trial 
by court-martial under chapter 47 of title 10, United States Code (the 
Uniform Code of Military Justice), the commander making such 
determination shall periodically notify the victim of the status of a 
final determination on further action on such case, whether non-
judicial punishment under section 815 of such title (article 15 of the 
Uniform Code of Military Justice), other administrative action, or no 
further action. Such notifications shall continue not less frequently 
than monthly until such final determination.
    SEC. 550. TREATMENT OF INFORMATION IN CATCH A SERIAL OFFENDER 
      PROGRAM FOR CERTAIN PURPOSES.
    (a) Treatment Under FOIA.--Victim disclosures under the Catch a 
Serial Offender Program shall be withheld from public disclosure under 
paragraph (b)(3) of section 552 of title 5, United States Code 
(commonly referred to as the ``Freedom of Information Act'').
    (b) Preservation of Restricted Report.--The transmittal or receipt 
in connection with the Catch a Serial Offender Program of a report on a 
sexual assault that is treated as a restricted report shall not operate 
to terminate its treatment or status as a restricted report.
SEC. 550A. POLICIES AND PROCEDURES ON REGISTRATION AT MILITARY 
INSTALLATIONS OF CIVILIAN PROTECTIVE ORDERS APPLICABLE TO MEMBERS OF 
THE ARMED FORCES ASSIGNED TO SUCH INSTALLATIONS AND CERTAIN OTHER 
INDIVIDUALS.
    (a) Policies and Procedures Required.--Not later than one year 
after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense 
shall, in consultation with the Secretaries of the military 
departments, establish policies and procedures for the registration at 
military installations of any civilian protective orders described in 
subsection (b), including the duties and responsibilities of commanders 
of installations in the registration process.
    (b) Civilian Protective Orders.--A civilian protective order 
described in this subsection is any civilian protective order as 
follows:
        (1) A civilian protective order against a member of the Armed 
    Forces assigned to the installation concerned.
        (2) A civilian protective order against a civilian employee 
    employed at the installation concerned.
        (3) A civilian protective order against the civilian spouse or 
    intimate partner of a member of the Armed Forces on active duty and 
    assigned to the installation concerned, or of a civilian employee 
    described in paragraph (2), which order provides for the protection 
    of such member or employee.
    (c) Particular Elements.--The policies and procedures required by 
subsection (a) shall include the following:
        (1) A requirement for notice between and among the commander, 
    military law enforcement elements, and military criminal 
    investigative elements of an installation when a member of the 
    Armed Forces assigned to such installation, a civilian employee 
    employed at such installation, a civilian spouse or intimate 
    partner of a member assigned to such installation, or a civilian 
    spouse or intimate partner of a civilian employee employed at such 
    installation becomes subject to a civilian protective order.
        (2) A statement of policy that failure to register a civilian 
    protective order may not be a justification for the lack of 
    enforcement of such order by military law enforcement and other 
    applicable personnel who have knowledge of such order.
    (d) Letter.--As soon as practicable after establishing the policies 
and procedures required by subsection (a), the Secretary shall submit 
to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of 
Representatives a letter that includes the following:
        (1) A detailed description of the policies and procedures.
        (2) A certification by the Secretary that the policies and 
    procedures have been implemented on each military installation.
SEC. 550B. DEFENSE ADVISORY COMMITTEE FOR THE PREVENTION OF SEXUAL 
MISCONDUCT.
    (a) Establishment Required.--
        (1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense shall establish and 
    maintain within the Department of Defense an advisory committee to 
    be known as the ``Defense Advisory Committee for the Prevention of 
    Sexual Misconduct'' (in this section referred to as the ``Advisory 
    Committee'').
        (2) Deadline for establishment.--The Secretary shall establish 
    the Advisory Committee not later than one year after the date of 
    the enactment of this Act.
    (b) Membership.--
        (1) In general.--The Advisory Committee shall consist of not 
    more than 20 members, appointed by the Secretary from among 
    individuals who have an expertise appropriate for the work of the 
    Advisory Committee, including at least one individual with each 
    expertise as follows:
            (A) Expertise in the prevention of sexual assault and 
        behaviors on the sexual assault continuum of harm.
            (B) Expertise in adverse behaviors, including the 
        prevention of suicide and the prevention of substance abuse.
            (C) Expertise in the change of culture of large 
        organizations.
            (D) Expertise in implementation science.
        (2) Background of individuals.--Individuals appointed to the 
    Advisory Committee may include individuals with expertise in sexual 
    assault prevention efforts of institutions of higher education, 
    public health officials, and such other individuals as the 
    Secretary considers appropriate.
        (3) Prohibition on membership of members of armed forces on 
    active duty.--A member of the Armed Forces serving on active duty 
    may not serve as a member of the Advisory Committee.
    (c) Duties.--
        (1) In general.--The Advisory Committee shall advise the 
    Secretary on the following:
            (A) The prevention of sexual assault (including rape, 
        forcible sodomy, other sexual assault, and other sexual 
        misconduct (including behaviors on the sexual assault continuum 
        of harm)) involving members of the Armed Forces.
            (B) The policies, programs, and practices of each military 
        department, each Armed Force, and each military service academy 
        for the prevention of sexual assault as described in 
        subparagraph (A).
        (2) Basis for provision of advice.--For purposes of providing 
    advice to the Secretary pursuant to this subsection, the Advisory 
    Committee shall review, on an ongoing basis, the following:
            (A) Closed cases involving allegations of sexual assault 
        described in paragraph (1).
            (B) Efforts of institutions of higher education to prevent 
        sexual assault among students.
            (C) Any other information or matters that the Advisory 
        Committee or the Secretary considers appropriate.
        (3) Coordination of efforts.--In addition to the reviews 
    required by paragraph (2), for purposes of providing advice to the 
    Secretary the Advisory Committee shall also consult and coordinate 
    with the Defense Advisory Committee on Investigation, Prosecution, 
    and Defense of Sexual Assault in the Armed Forces (DAC-IPAD) on 
    matters of joint interest to the two Advisory Committees.
    (d) Annual Report.--Not later than March 30 each year, the Advisory 
Committee shall submit to the Secretary and the Committees on Armed 
Services of the Senate and the House of Representatives a report on the 
activities of the Advisory Committee pursuant to this section during 
the preceding year.
    (e) Sexual Assault Continuum of Harm.--In this section, the term 
``sexual assault continuum of harm'' includes--
        (1) inappropriate actions (such as sexist jokes), sexual 
    harassment, gender discrimination, hazing, cyber bullying, or other 
    behavior that contributes to a culture that is tolerant of, or 
    increases risk for, sexual assault; and
        (2) maltreatment or ostracism of a victim for a report of 
    sexual misconduct.
    (f) Termination.--
        (1) In general.--Except as provided in paragraph (2), the 
    Advisory Committee shall terminate on the date that is five years 
    after the date of the establishment of the Advisory Committee 
    pursuant to subsection (a).
        (2) Continuation.--The Secretary of Defense may continue the 
    Advisory Committee after the termination date applicable under 
    paragraph (1) if the Secretary determines that continuation of the 
    Advisory Committee after that date is advisable and appropriate. If 
    the Secretary determines to continue the Advisory Committee after 
    that date, the Secretary shall notify the Committees on the Armed 
    Services of the Senate and House of Representatives.
SEC. 550C. TRAINING FOR SPECIAL VICTIMS' COUNSEL ON CIVILIAN CRIMINAL 
JUSTICE MATTERS IN THE STATES OF THE MILITARY INSTALLATIONS TO WHICH 
ASSIGNED.
    (a) Training.--
        (1) In general.--Except as provided in subsection (c), upon the 
    assignment of a Special Victims' Counsel (including a Victim Legal 
    Counsel of the Navy) to a military installation in the United 
    States, such Counsel shall be provided appropriate training on the 
    law and policies of the State or States in which such military 
    installation is located with respect to the criminal justice 
    matters specified in paragraph (2). The purpose of the training is 
    to assist such Counsel in providing victims of alleged sex-related 
    offenses with information necessary to make an informed decision 
    regarding preference as to the jurisdiction (whether court-martial 
    or State court) in which such offenses will be prosecuted.
        (2) Criminal justice matters.--The criminal justice matters 
    specified in this paragraph, with respect to a State, are the 
    following:
            (A) Victim rights.
            (B) Prosecution of criminal offenses.
            (C) Sentencing for conviction of criminal offenses.
            (D) Protective orders.
    (b) Alleged Sex-related Offense Defined.--In this section, the term 
``alleged sex-related offense'' means any allegation of--
        (1) a violation of section 920, 920b, 920c, or 930 of title 10, 
    United States Code (article 120, 120b, 120c, or 130 of the Uniform 
    Code of Military Justice); or
        (2) an attempt to commit an offense specified in a paragraph 
    (1) as punishable under section 880 of title 10, United States Code 
    (article 80 of the Uniform Code of Military Justice).
    (c) Exception.--The requirements of this section do not apply to a 
Special Victims' Counsel of the Coast Guard.
SEC. 550D. ENHANCING THE CAPABILITY OF MILITARY CRIMINAL INVESTIGATIVE 
ORGANIZATIONS TO PREVENT AND COMBAT CHILD SEXUAL EXPLOITATION.
    (a) In General.--Beginning not later than 180 days after the date 
of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall establish 
and carry out an initiative to enhance the capability of military 
criminal investigative organizations to prevent and combat child sexual 
exploitation.
    (b) Activities.--In establishing and carrying out the initiative 
under subsection (a), the Secretary of Defense may--
        (1) work with internal and external functional experts to train 
    the personnel of military criminal investigative organizations 
    across the Department regarding--
            (A) technologies, tools, and techniques, including digital 
        forensics, to enhance the investigation of child sexual 
        exploitation; and
            (B) evidence-based forensic interviewing of child victims, 
        and the referral of child victims for trauma-informed mental 
        and medical health care, and other treatment and support 
        services;
        (2) to the extent authorized by law, collaborate with Federal, 
    State, local, and other civilian law enforcement agencies on issues 
    relating to child sexual exploitation, including by--
            (A) participating in task forces established by such 
        agencies for the purpose of preventing and combating child 
        sexual exploitation;
            (B) establishing cooperative agreements to facilitate co-
        training and collaboration with such agencies; and
            (C) ensuring that streamlined processes for the referral of 
        child sexual exploitation cases to other agencies and 
        jurisdictions, as appropriate, are fully operational;
        (3) as appropriate, assist in educating the military community 
    on the prevention and response to child sexual exploitation; and
        (4) carry out such other activities as the Secretary determines 
    to be relevant.
SEC. 550E. FEASIBILITY STUDY ON ESTABLISHMENT OF DATABASE OF MILITARY 
PROTECTIVE ORDERS.
    (a) Study.--The Secretary of Defense shall conduct a study on the 
feasibility of establishing a database of military protective orders 
issued by military commanders against individuals suspected of having 
committed an offense of domestic violence under section 928b of title 
10, United States Code (article 128b of the Uniform Code of Military 
Justice). The study shall include an examination of each of the 
following:
        (1) The feasibility of creating a database to record, track, 
    and report such military protective orders to the National Instant 
    Criminal Background Check System.
        (2) The feasibility of establishing a process by which a 
    military judge or magistrate may issue a protective order against 
    an individual suspected of having committed such an offense.
        (3) How the database and process described in paragraphs (1) 
    and (2), respectively, may differ from analogous civilian databases 
    and processes, including with regard to due process and other 
    procedural protections.
    (b) Report.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the 
congressional defense committees a report on the results of the study 
conducted under subsection (a).
SEC. 550F. GAO REVIEW OF USERRA AND SCRA.
    (a) Report Required.--Not later than January 31, 2021, the 
Comptroller General of the United States shall conduct a review and 
submit a report to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and 
House of Representatives regarding what the Comptroller General 
determines are the effects of the common commercial and governmental 
practices of including a mandatory arbitration clause in employment and 
consumer agreements, on the ability of servicemembers to assert claims 
under and secure redress for violations of--
        (1) chapter 43 of title 38, United States Code (commonly 
    referred to as the ``Uniformed Services Employment and 
    Reemployments Rights Act of 1994'' and referred to in this section 
    as ``USERRA''); and
        (2) the Servicemembers Civil Relief Act (50 U.S.C. 3901 et seq. 
    (referred to in this section as ``SCRA'')).
    (b) Elements.--The report under this section shall include the 
following:
        (1) Each process by which a servicemember may assert a claim 
    under USERRA or SCRA, including--
            (A) administrative assistance;
            (B) support, and dispute resolution processes provided by 
        Federal and State agencies;
            (C) arbitration; and
            (D) litigation.
        (2) With regards to each process identified under paragraph 
    (1), an evaluation of--
            (A) the flexibility the process affords to the 
        servicemember and other parties to the process;
            (B) the burden on the servicemember and other parties to 
        the process;
            (C) the financial cost of the process to the servicemember 
        and the other parties;
            (D) the speed of each process, including the rate at which 
        each claim pursued under such process is resolved;
            (E) the confidentiality of each process; and
            (F) the effects of the process.
        (3) Based on data regarding the results of past actions to 
    enforce servicemember rights and benefits under USERRA and SCRA, 
    including data of the Departments of Defense and Labor regarding 
    dispute resolution under USERRA and data of the Department of 
    Justice regarding litigation under SCRA--
            (A) an analysis of the extent to which each of the 
        processes identified in paragraph (1) has been employed to 
        address claims under USERRA or SCRA and
            (B) the extent to which each such process achieved a final 
        disposition favorable to the servicemember.
        (4) An assessment of general societal trends in the use of 
    mandatory arbitration clauses in employment and consumer 
    agreements, including any trend in a specific industry or 
    employment sector that relies on mandatory arbitration in such 
    contracts and agreements.
        (5) An assessment and explanation of any effect--
            (A) of the use of mandatory arbitration clauses in 
        employment or consumer agreements on military readiness and 
        deployability.
            (B) of USERRA or SCRA on the willingness of employers to 
        employ, and consumer service businesses to provide services to 
        servicemembers and their families.

                      Subtitle F--Member Education

    SEC. 551. AUTHORITY FOR DETAIL OF CERTAIN ENLISTED MEMBERS OF THE 
      ARMED FORCES AS STUDENTS AT LAW SCHOOLS.
    (a) In General.--Section 2004 of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended--
        (1) in subsection (a)--
            (A) by inserting ``and enlisted members'' after 
        ``commissioned officers'';
            (B) by striking ``bachelor of laws or''; and
            (C) by inserting ``and enlisted members'' after ``twenty-
        five officers'';
        (2) in subsection (b)--
            (A) in the matter preceding paragraph (1), by inserting 
        ``or enlisted member'' after ``officer'';
            (B) by striking paragraph (1) and inserting the following 
        new paragraph (1):
        ``(1) either--
            ``(A) have served on active duty for a period of not less 
        than two years nor more than six years and be an officer in the 
        pay grade O-3 or below as of the time the training is to begin; 
        or
            ``(B) have served on active duty for a period of not less 
        than four years nor more than eight years and be an enlisted 
        member in the pay grade E-5, E-6, or E-7 as of the time the 
        training is to begin;'';
            (C) by redesignating paragraph (2) as paragraph (3);
            (D) by inserting after paragraph (1), as amended by 
        subparagraph (B), the following new paragraph (2):
        ``(2) in the case of an enlisted member, meet all requirements 
    for acceptance of a commission as a commissioned officer in the 
    armed forces; and''; and
            (E) in subparagraph (B) of paragraph (3), as redesignated 
        by subparagraph (C) of this paragraph, by striking ``or law 
        specialist'';
        (3) in subsection (c)--
            (A) in the first sentence, by inserting ``and enlisted 
        members'' after ``Officers''; and
            (B) in the second sentence, by inserting ``or enlisted 
        member'' after ``officer'' each place it appears;
        (4) in subsection (d), by inserting ``and enlistment members'' 
    after ``officers'';
        (5) in subsection (e), by inserting ``or enlistment member'' 
    after ``officer''; and
        (6) in subsection (f), by inserting ``or enlisted member'' 
    after ``officer''.
    (b) Conforming and Clerical Amendments.--
        (1) Heading amendment.--The heading of such section is amended 
    to read as follows:
``Sec. 2004. Detail as students at law schools; commissioned officers; 
    certain enlisted members''.
        (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning 
    of chapter 101 of such title is amended by striking the item 
    relating to section 2004 and inserting the following new item:

``2004. Detail as students at law schools; commissioned officers; 
          certain enlisted members.''.
    SEC. 552. INCLUSION OF COAST GUARD IN DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE 
      STARBASE PROGRAM.
    Section 2193b of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
        (1) in subsection (a), by inserting ``and the Secretary of the 
    Department in which the Coast Guard is operating'' after ``military 
    departments''; and
        (2) in subsection (f), by striking ``and the Secretaries of the 
    military departments'' and inserting ``, the Secretaries of the 
    military departments, and the Secretary of the Department in which 
    the Coast Guard is operating''.
    SEC. 553. DEGREE GRANTING AUTHORITY FOR UNITED STATES ARMY ARMAMENT 
      GRADUATE SCHOOL; LIMITATION ON ESTABLISHMENT OF CERTAIN 
      EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTIONS.
    (a) Degree Granting Authority for United States Army Armament 
Graduate School.--
        (1) In general.--Chapter 751 of title 10, United States Code, 
    is amended by adding at the end the following new section:
``Sec. 7422. Degree granting authority for United States Army Armament 
    Graduate School
    ``(a) Authority.--Under regulations prescribed by the Secretary of 
the Army, the Chancellor of the United States Army Armament Graduate 
School may, upon the recommendation of the faculty and provost of the 
school, confer appropriate degrees upon graduates who meet the degree 
requirements.
    ``(b) Limitation.--A degree may not be conferred under this section 
unless--
        ``(1) the Secretary of Education has recommended approval of 
    the degree in accordance with the Federal Policy Governing Granting 
    of Academic Degrees by Federal Agencies; and
        ``(2) the United States Army Armament Graduate School is 
    accredited by the appropriate civilian academic accrediting agency 
    or organization to award the degree, as determined by the Secretary 
    of Education.
    ``(c) Congressional Notification Requirements.--(1) When seeking to 
establish degree granting authority under this section, the Secretary 
of Defense shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the 
Senate and the House of Representatives--
        ``(A) a copy of the self-assessment questionnaire required by 
    the Federal Policy Governing Granting of Academic Degrees by 
    Federal Agencies, at the time the assessment is submitted to the 
    Department of Education's National Advisory Committee on 
    Institutional Quality and Integrity; and
        ``(B) the subsequent recommendations and rationale of the 
    Secretary of Education regarding the establishment of the degree 
    granting authority.
    ``(2) Upon any modification or redesignation of existing degree 
granting authority, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the 
Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and House of Representatives 
a report containing the rationale for the proposed modification or 
redesignation and any subsequent recommendation of the Secretary of 
Education on the proposed modification or redesignation.
    ``(3) The Secretary of Defense shall submit to the Committees on 
Armed Services of the Senate and House of Representatives a report 
containing an explanation of any action by the appropriate academic 
accrediting agency or organization not to accredit the United States 
Army Armament Graduate School to award any new or existing degree.''.
        (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning 
    of such chapter is amended by adding at the end the following new 
    item:

``7422. Degree granting authority for United States Army Armament 
          Graduate School.''.

    (b) Limitation.--
        (1) In general.--Chapter 101 of title 10, United States Code, 
    is amended by adding at the end the following new section:
``Sec. 2017. Limitation on establishment of postsecondary educational 
    institutions pending notice to Congress
    ``(a) Limitation.--The Secretary of Defense may not establish a 
postsecondary educational institution within the Department of Defense 
until a period of one year has elapsed following the date on which the 
Secretary notifies the congressional defense committees of the intent 
of the Secretary to establish the institution.
    ``(b) Postsecondary Educational Institution Defined.--In this 
section, the term `postsecondary educational institution' means a 
school or other educational institution that is intended to provide 
students with a course of instruction that is comparable, in length and 
academic rigor, to a course of instruction for which an associate's, 
bachelor's, or graduate degree may be awarded.''.
        (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning 
    of such chapter is amended by adding at the end the following new 
    item:

``2017. Limitation on establishment of postsecondary educational 
          institutions pending notice to Congress.''.

        (3) Applicability.--Section 2017 of title 10, United States 
    Code, as added by paragraph (1), shall apply with respect to 
    postsecondary educational institutions intended to be established 
    by the Secretary of Defense on or after the date of the enactment 
    of this Act.
    SEC. 554. PROHIBITION ON OFF-DUTY EMPLOYMENT FOR CADETS AND 
      MIDSHIPMEN COMPLETING OBLIGATED SERVICE AFTER GRADUATION.
    (a) Military Academy.--Section 7448(a)(5)(A) of title 10, United 
States Code, is amended by inserting ``or seek or accept approval for 
off-duty employment while completing the cadet's commissioned service 
obligation'' before ``to obtain employment''.
    (b) Naval Academy.--Section 8459(a)(5)(A) of title 10, United 
States Code, is amended by inserting ``or seek or accept approval for 
off-duty employment while completing the midshipman's commissioned 
service obligation'' before ``to obtain employment''.
    (c) Air Force Academy.--Section 9448(a)(5)(A) of title 10, United 
States Code, is amended by inserting ``or seek or accept approval for 
off-duty employment while completing the cadet's commissioned service 
obligation'' before ``to obtain employment''.
    SEC. 555. CONSIDERATION OF REQUEST FOR TRANSFER OF A CADET OR 
      MIDSHIPMAN AT A MILITARY SERVICE ACADEMY WHO IS THE VICTIM OF A 
      SEXUAL ASSAULT OR RELATED OFFENSE.
    (a) United States Military Academy.--Section 7461 of title 10, 
United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new 
subsection:
    ``(e) Consideration of Request for Transfer of a Cadet Who Is the 
Victim of a Sexual Assault or Related Offense.--(1) The Secretary of 
the Army shall provide for timely consideration of and action on a 
request submitted by a cadet appointed to the United States Military 
Academy who is the victim of an alleged sexual assault or other offense 
covered by section 920, 920c, or 930 of this title (article 120, 120c, 
or 130 of the Uniform Code of Military Justice) for transfer to another 
military service academy or to enroll in a Senior Reserve Officers' 
Training Corps program affiliated with another institution of higher 
education.
    ``(2) The Secretary of the Army shall prescribe regulations to 
carry out this subsection, within guidelines provided by the Secretary 
of Defense that--
        ``(A) provide that the Superintendent of the United States 
    Military Academy shall ensure that any cadet who has been appointed 
    to the United States Military Academy and who is a victim of an 
    alleged sexual assault or other offense referred to in paragraph 
    (1), is informed of the right to request a transfer pursuant to 
    this section, and that any formal request submitted by a cadet is 
    processed as expeditiously as practicable through the chain of 
    command for review and action by the Superintendent;
        ``(B) direct the Superintendent of the United States Military 
    Academy, in coordination with the Superintendent of the military 
    service academy to which the cadet requests to transfer--
            ``(i) to take action on a request for transfer under this 
        subsection not later than 72 hours after receiving the formal 
        request from the cadet;
            ``(ii) to approve such request for transfer unless there 
        are exceptional circumstances that require denial of the 
        request; and
            ``(iii) upon approval of such request, to take all 
        necessary and appropriate action to effectuate the transfer of 
        the cadet to the military service academy concerned as 
        expeditiously as possible; and
        ``(C) direct the Superintendent of the United States Military 
    Academy, in coordination with the Secretary of the military 
    department that sponsors the Senior Reserve Officers' Training 
    Corps program at the institution of higher education to which the 
    cadet requests to transfer--
            ``(i) to take action on a request for transfer under this 
        subsection not later than 72 hours after receiving the formal 
        request from the cadet;
            ``(ii) subject to the cadet's acceptance for admission to 
        the institution of higher education to which the cadet wishes 
        to transfer, to approve such request for transfer unless there 
        are exceptional circumstances that require denial of the 
        application; and
            ``(iii) to take all necessary and appropriate action to 
        effectuate the cadet's enrollment in the institution of higher 
        education to which the cadet wishes to transfer and to process 
        the cadet for participation in the relevant Senior Reserve 
        Officers' Training Corps program as expeditiously as possible.
    ``(3) If the Superintendent of the United States Military Academy 
denies a request for transfer under this subsection, the cadet may 
request review of the denial by the Secretary of the Army, who shall 
take action on such request not later than 72 hours after receipt of 
the formal request for review.
    ``(4) The Secretary concerned shall ensure that all records of any 
request, determination, transfer, or other action under this subsection 
remain confidential, consistent with applicable law and regulation.
    ``(5) A cadet who transfers under this subsection may retain the 
cadet's appointment to the United States Military Academy or may be 
appointed to the military service academy to which the cadet transfers 
without regard to the limitations and requirements set forth in 
sections 7442, 8454, and 9442 of this title.''.
    (b) United States Naval Academy.--Section 8480 of title 10, United 
States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new 
subsection:
    ``(e) Consideration of Request for Transfer of a Midshipman Who Is 
the Victim of a Sexual Assault or Related Offense.--(1) The Secretary 
of the Navy shall provide for timely consideration of and action on a 
request submitted by a midshipman appointed to the United States Naval 
Academy who is the victim of an alleged sexual assault or other offense 
covered by section 920, 920c, or 930 of this title (article 120, 120c, 
or 130 of the Uniform Code of Military Justice) for transfer to another 
military service academy or to enroll in a Senior Reserve Officers' 
Training Corps program affiliated with another institution of higher 
education.
    ``(2) The Secretary of the Navy shall prescribe regulations to 
carry out this subsection, within guidelines provided by the Secretary 
of Defense that--
        ``(A) provide that the Superintendent of the United States 
    Naval Academy shall ensure that any midshipman who has been 
    appointed to the United States Naval Academy and who is a victim of 
    an alleged sexual assault or other offense referred to in paragraph 
    (1), is informed of the right to request a transfer pursuant to 
    this section, and that any formal request submitted by a midshipman 
    is processed as expeditiously as practicable through the chain of 
    command for review and action by the Superintendent;
        ``(B) direct the Superintendent of the United States Naval 
    Academy, in coordination with the Superintendent of the military 
    service academy to which the midshipman requests to transfer--
            ``(i) to take action on a request for transfer under this 
        subsection not later than 72 hours after receiving the formal 
        request from the midshipman;
            ``(ii) to approve such request for transfer unless there 
        are exceptional circumstances that require denial of the 
        request; and
            ``(iii) upon approval of such request, to take all 
        necessary and appropriate action to effectuate the transfer of 
        the midshipman to the military service academy concerned as 
        expeditiously as possible; and
        ``(C) direct the Superintendent of the United States Naval 
    Academy, in coordination with the Secretary of the military 
    department that sponsors the Senior Reserve Officers' Training 
    Corps program at the institution of higher education to which the 
    midshipman requests to transfer--
            ``(i) to take action on a request for transfer under this 
        subsection not later than 72 hours after receiving the formal 
        request from the midshipman;
            ``(ii) subject to the midshipman's acceptance for admission 
        to the institution of higher education to which the midshipman 
        wishes to transfer, to approve such request for transfer unless 
        there are exceptional circumstances that require denial of the 
        application; and
            ``(iii) to take all necessary and appropriate action to 
        effectuate the midshipman's enrollment in the institution of 
        higher education to which the midshipman wishes to transfer and 
        to process the midshipman for participation in the relevant 
        Senior Reserve Officers' Training Corps program as 
        expeditiously as possible.
    ``(3) If the Superintendent of the United States Naval Academy 
denies a request for transfer under this subsection, the midshipman may 
request review of the denial by the Secretary of the Navy, who shall 
take action on such request not later than 72 hours after receipt of 
the formal request for review.
    ``(4) The Secretary concerned shall ensure that all records of any 
request, determination, transfer, or other action under this subsection 
remain confidential, consistent with applicable law and regulation.
    ``(5) A midshipman who transfers under this subsection may retain 
the midshipman's appointment to the United States Naval Academy or may 
be appointed to the military service academy to which the midshipman 
transfers without regard to the limitations and requirements set forth 
in sections 7442, 8454, and 9442 of this title.''.
    (c) United States Air Force Academy.--Section 9461 of title 10, 
United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new 
subsection:
    ``(e) Consideration of Request for Transfer of a Cadet Who Is the 
Victim of a Sexual Assault or Related Offense.--(1) The Secretary of 
the Air Force shall provide for timely consideration of and action on a 
request submitted by a cadet appointed to the United States Air Force 
Academy who is the victim of an alleged sexual assault or other offense 
covered by section 920, 920c, or 930 of this title (article 120, 120c, 
or 130 of the Uniform Code of Military Justice) for transfer to another 
military service academy or to enroll in a Senior Reserve Officers' 
Training Corps program affiliated with another institution of higher 
education.
    ``(2) The Secretary of the Air Force shall prescribe regulations to 
carry out this subsection, within guidelines provided by the Secretary 
of Defense that--
        ``(A) provide that the Superintendent of the United States Air 
    Force Academy shall ensure that any cadet who has been appointed to 
    the United States Air Force Academy and who is a victim of an 
    alleged sexual assault or other offense referred to in paragraph 
    (1), is informed of the right to request a transfer pursuant to 
    this section, and that any formal request submitted by a cadet is 
    processed as expeditiously as practicable through the chain of 
    command for review and action by the Superintendent;
        ``(B) direct the Superintendent of the United States Air Force 
    Academy, in coordination with the Superintendent of the military 
    service academy to which the cadet requests to transfer--
            ``(i) to take action on a request for transfer under this 
        subsection not later than 72 hours after receiving the formal 
        request from the cadet;
            ``(ii) to approve such request for transfer unless there 
        are exceptional circumstances that require denial of the 
        request; and
            ``(iii) upon approval of such request, to take all 
        necessary and appropriate action to effectuate the transfer of 
        the cadet to the military service academy concerned as 
        expeditiously as possible; and
        ``(C) direct the Superintendent of the United States Air Force 
    Academy, in coordination with the Secretary of the military 
    department that sponsors the Senior Reserve Officers' Training 
    Corps program at the institution of higher education to which the 
    cadet requests to transfer--
            ``(i) to take action on a request for transfer under this 
        subsection not later than 72 hours after receiving the formal 
        request from the cadet;
            ``(ii) subject to the cadet's acceptance for admission to 
        the institution of higher education to which the cadet wishes 
        to transfer, to approve such request for transfer unless there 
        are exceptional circumstances that require denial of the 
        application; and
            ``(iii) to take all necessary and appropriate action to 
        effectuate the cadet's enrollment in the institution of higher 
        education to which the cadet wishes to transfer and to process 
        the cadet for participation in the relevant Senior Reserve 
        Officers' Training Corps program as expeditiously as possible.
    ``(3) If the Superintendent of the United States Air Force Academy 
denies a request for transfer under this subsection, the cadet may 
request review of the denial by the Secretary of the Air Force, who 
shall take action on such request not later than 72 hours after receipt 
of the formal request for review.
    ``(4) The Secretary concerned shall ensure that all records of any 
request, determination, transfer, or other action under this subsection 
remain confidential, consistent with applicable law and regulation.
    ``(5) A cadet who transfers under this subsection may retain the 
cadet's appointment to the United States Air Force Academy or may be 
appointed to the military service academy to which the cadet transfers 
without regard to the limitations and requirements set forth in 
sections 7442, 8454, and 9442 of this title.''.
    SEC. 556. REDESIGNATION OF THE COMMANDANT OF THE UNITED STATES AIR 
      FORCE INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY AS THE DIRECTOR AND CHANCELLOR OF 
      SUCH INSTITUTE.
    (a) Redesignation.--Section 9414b(a) of title 10, United States 
Code, is amended--
        (1) in the subsection heading, by striking ``Commandant'' and 
    inserting ``Director and Chancellor'';
        (2) by striking ``Commandant'' each place it appears and 
    inserting ``Director and Chancellor''; and
        (3) in the heading of paragraph (3), by striking ``Commandant'' 
    and inserting ``Director and Chancellor''.
    (b) Conforming Amendments.--Section 9414(f) of such title is 
amended by striking ``Commandant'' both places it appears and inserting 
``Director and Chancellor''.
    (c) References.--Any reference in any law, regulation, map, 
document, paper, or other record of the United States to the Commandant 
of the United States Air Force Institute of Technology shall be deemed 
to be a reference to the Director and Chancellor of the United States 
Air Force Institute of Technology.
    SEC. 557. ELIGIBILITY OF ADDITIONAL ENLISTED MEMBERS FOR ASSOCIATE 
      DEGREE PROGRAMS OF THE COMMUNITY COLLEGE OF THE AIR FORCE.
    Section 9415(b) of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
adding at the end the following new paragraph:
        ``(3) Enlisted members of the armed forces other than the Air 
    Force who are participating in Community College of the Air Force 
    affiliated joint-service training and education courses.''.
    SEC. 558. SPEECH DISORDERS OF CADETS AND MIDSHIPMEN.
    (a) Testing.--The Superintendent of a military service academy 
shall provide testing for speech disorders to incoming cadets or 
midshipmen under the jurisdiction of that Superintendent.
    (b) No Effect on Admission.--The testing under subsection (a) may 
not have any effect on admission to a military service academy.
    (c) Results.--The Superintendent shall provide each cadet or 
midshipman under the jurisdiction of that Superintendent the result of 
the testing under subsection (a) and a list of warfare unrestricted 
line officer positions and occupation specialities that require 
successful performance on the speech test.
    (d) Therapy.--The Superintendent shall furnish speech therapy to a 
cadet or midshipman under the jurisdiction of that Superintendent at 
the election of the cadet or midshipman.
    (e) Report.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretaries of the military departments 
shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the 
House of Representatives a joint report that includes the following:
        (1) The number of cadets or midshipmen with an identified 
    speech disorder in each military service academy.
        (2) A list of the health care and administrative resources 
    related to speech disorders available to cadets and midshipmen 
    described in paragraph (1).
        (3) A list of positions and specialties described in subsection 
    (c) pursued by the cadets and midshipmen described in paragraph (1) 
    at the time of graduation.
    SEC. 559. REQUIREMENT TO CONTINUE PROVISION OF TUITION ASSISTANCE 
      FOR MEMBERS OF THE ARMED FORCES.
    The Secretary of each military department shall carry out tuition 
assistance programs for members of an Armed Force under the 
jurisdiction of that Secretary during fiscal year 2020 using an amount 
not less than the sum of any amounts appropriated for tuition 
assistance for members of that Armed Force for fiscal year 2020.
    SEC. 560. INFORMATION ON INSTITUTIONS OF HIGHER EDUCATION 
      PARTICIPATING IN THE DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE TUITION ASSISTANCE 
      PROGRAM.
    (a) List of Participating Institutions.--The Secretary of Defense 
shall make available, on a publicly accessible website of the 
Department of Defense, a list that identifies--
        (1) each institution of higher education that receives funds 
    under the Department of Defense Tuition Assistance Program; and
        (2) the amount of such funds received by the institution.
    (b) Annual Updates.--The Secretary of Defense shall update the list 
described in subsection (a) not less frequently than once annually.
SEC. 560A. INCLUSION OF INFORMATION ON FREE CREDIT MONITORING IN ANNUAL 
FINANCIAL LITERACY BRIEFING.
    The Secretary of each military department shall ensure that the 
annual financial literacy education briefing provided to members of the 
Armed Forces includes information on the availability of free credit 
monitoring services pursuant to section 605A(k) of the Fair Credit 
Reporting Act (15 U.S.C. 1681c-1(k)).
SEC. 560B. PROGRAMS TO FACILITATE THE AWARD OF PRIVATE PILOT'S 
CERTIFICATES.
    (a) Programs Authorized.--Each Secretary of a military department 
may carry out a program under which qualified participants may obtain a 
private pilot's certificate through an institution of higher education 
with an accredited aviation program that is approved by such Secretary 
pursuant to subsection (c).
    (b) Participant Qualifications and Types of Assistance.--
        (1) In general.--In carrying out a program under subsection 
    (a), the Secretary of a military department shall prescribe--
            (A) the standards to be met for participation in the 
        program; and
            (B) the types of assistance, if any, to be provided to 
        individuals who participate in the program.
        (2) Uniformity across military departments.--To the extent 
    practicable, the standards and types of assistance prescribed under 
    paragraph (1) shall be uniform across the military departments.
    (c) Approved Institutions of Higher Education.--
        (1) In general.--In carrying out a program under subsection 
    (a), the Secretary of a military department shall maintain a list 
    of institutions of higher education (as that term is defined in 
    section 101 of the Higher Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 1001)) 
    through which an individual participating in the program may obtain 
    a private pilot's certificate.
        (2) Qualifications and standards.--Any institution of higher 
    education included on a list under paragraph (1), and any course of 
    instruction toward obtaining a private pilot's certificate offered 
    by such institution, shall meet such qualifications and standards 
    as the Secretary shall prescribe for purposes of the program. Such 
    qualifications and standards shall include a requirement that any 
    institution included on the list award, to individual participating 
    in the program, academic credit at such institution for any portion 
    of course work completed on the ground school course of instruction 
    of such institution in connection with obtaining a private pilot's 
    certificate, regardless of whether the participant fully completed 
    the ground school course of instruction.
    (d) Annual Reports on Programs.--
        (1) In general.--Not later than February 28, 2021, and each 
    year thereafter, each Secretary of a military department shall 
    submit to Congress a report on the program, if any, carried out by 
    such Secretary under subsection (a) during the preceding calendar 
    year.
        (2) Elements.--Each report under paragraph (1) shall include, 
    for the program and year covered by such report, the following:
            (A) The total number of participants in the program.
            (B) The number of private pilot's certificates awarded to 
        participants in the program.
            (C) The number of participants in the program who fully 
        completed a ground school course of instruction in connection 
        with obtaining a private pilot's certificate.

               Subtitle G--Member Training and Transition

    SEC. 561. REQUIREMENT TO PROVIDE INFORMATION REGARDING BENEFITS 
      CLAIMS TO MEMBERS DURING TAP COUNSELING.
    Section 1142(b) of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
adding at the end the following new paragraph:
        ``(19) Information regarding how to file claims for benefits 
    available to the member under laws administered by the Secretaries 
    of Defense and Veterans Affairs.''.
    SEC. 562. PARTICIPATION OF OTHER FEDERAL AGENCIES IN THE 
      SKILLBRIDGE APPRENTICESHIP AND INTERNSHIP PROGRAM FOR MEMBERS OF 
      THE ARMED FORCES.
    Section 1143(e) of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
        (1) by redesignating paragraph (3) as paragraph (4); and
        (2) by inserting after paragraph (2) the following new 
    paragraph (3):
    ``(3) Any program under this subsection may be carried out at, 
through, or in consultation with such other departments or agencies of 
the Federal Government as the Secretary of the military department 
concerned considers appropriate.''.
    SEC. 563. FIRST MODIFICATION OF ELEMENTS OF REPORT ON THE IMPROVED 
      TRANSITION ASSISTANCE PROGRAM.
    Section 552(b)(4) of the John S. McCain National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2019 (Public Law 115-232) is amended 
by adding at the end the following:
            ``(E) The evaluation of the Secretary regarding the 
        effectiveness of the Transition Assistance Program for all 
        members of the Armed Forces.
            ``(F) The evaluation of the Secretary regarding the 
        effectiveness of the Transition Assistance Program specifically 
        for female members of the Armed Forces.''.
    SEC. 564. SECOND MODIFICATION OF ELEMENTS OF REPORT ON THE IMPROVED 
      TRANSITION ASSISTANCE PROGRAM.
    Section 552(b)(4) of the John S. McCain National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2019 (Public Law 115-232), as amended 
by section 563 of this Act, is further amended--
        (1) by redesignating subparagraphs (A) through (F) as 
    subparagraphs (B) through (G), respectively;
        (2) by inserting before subparagraph (B), as redesignated by 
    paragraph (1), the following new subparagraph (A):
            ``(A) The total number of members eligible to attend 
        Transition Assistance Program counseling.''; and
        (3) by adding at the end the following new subparagraphs:
            ``(H) The number of members who participated in programs 
        under section 1143(e) of title 10, United States Code (commonly 
        referred to as `Job Training, Employment Skills, 
        Apprenticeships and Internships (JTEST-AI)' or `Skill Bridge').
            ``(I) Such other information as is required to provide 
        Congress with a comprehensive description of the participation 
        of the members in the Transition Assistance Program and 
        programs described in subparagraph (H).''.
    SEC. 565. PROHIBITION ON GENDER-SEGREGATED TRAINING AT MARINE CORPS 
      RECRUIT DEPOTS.
    (a) Parris Island.--
        (1) Prohibition.--Subject to paragraph (2), training at the 
    Marine Corps Recruit Depot, Parris Island, South Carolina, may not 
    be segregated based on gender.
        (2) Deadline.--The Commandant of the Marine Corps shall carry 
    out this subsection not later than five years after the date of the 
    enactment of this Act.
    (b) San Diego.--
        (1) Prohibition.--Subject to paragraph (2), training at the 
    Marine Corps Recruit Depot, San Diego, California, may not be 
    segregated based on gender.
        (2) Deadline.--The Commandant of the Marine Corps shall carry 
    out this subsection not later than eight years after the date of 
    the enactment of this Act.
    SEC. 566. ASSESSMENT OF DEATHS OF RECRUITS UNDER THE JURISDICTION 
      OF THE SECRETARIES OF THE MILITARY DEPARTMENTS.
    (a) Assessment.--The Inspector General of the Department of Defense 
shall conduct an assessment of the deaths of recruits at facilities 
under the jurisdiction of the Secretaries of the military departments, 
and the effectiveness of the current medical protocols on the training 
bases.
    (b) Report.--Not later than September 30, 2020, the Inspector 
General shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate 
and the House of Representative a report containing the results of the 
assessment conducted under subsection (a). The report shall include the 
following:
        (1) The number of recruits who died during basic training in 
    the five years preceding the date of the report.
        (2) The causes of deaths described in paragraph (1).
        (3) The types of medical treatment that was provided to 
    recruits described in paragraph (1).
        (4) Whether any of the deaths identified under paragraph (1) 
    were found to be a result of medical negligence.
        (5) A description of medical capabilities and personnel 
    available to the recruits at each facility.
        (6) A description of medical resources accessible to the 
    recruits at the company level at each facility.
        (7) A description of 24-hour medical resources available to 
    recruits at each facility.
        (8) An evaluation of the guidelines and resources in place to 
    monitor sick recruits.
        (9) An evaluation of how supervisors evaluate and determine 
    whether a sick recruit should continue training or further seek 
    medical assistance.
        (10) An evaluation of how the Secretaries of the military 
    departments can increase visibility of the comprehensive medical 
    status of a sick recruit to instructors and supervisors in order to 
    provide better situational awareness of the such medical status.
        (11) An evaluation of how to improve medical care for recruits.
    SEC. 567. REVIEW OF DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE TRAINING PROGRAMS 
      REGARDING DISINFORMATION CAMPAIGNS.
    (a) Review.--Not later than 120 days after the enactment of this 
Act, the Secretary of Defense shall conduct a review of existing 
programs, tools, and resources of the Department of Defense for 
training members of the Armed Forces and employees of the Department 
regarding the threat of disinformation campaigns specifically targeted 
at such individuals and the families of such individuals.
    (b) Report Required.--Not later than 270 days after the enactment 
of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit a report to the 
congressional defense committees regarding the programs, tools, and 
resources identified under subsection (a).
    SEC. 568. COMMAND MATTERS IN CONNECTION WITH TRANSITION ASSISTANCE 
      PROGRAMS.
    The training provided a commander of a military installation in 
connection with the commencement of assignment to the installation 
shall include a module on the covered transition assistance programs 
available for members of the Armed Forces assigned to the installation.
    SEC. 569. MACHINE READABILITY AND ELECTRONIC TRANSFERABILITY OF 
      CERTIFICATE OF RELEASE OR DISCHARGE FROM ACTIVE DUTY (DD FORM 
      214).
    (a) Modification Required.--The Secretary of Defense shall modify 
the Certificate of Release or Discharge from Active Duty (DD Form 214) 
to--
        (1) be machine readable and electronically transferable; and
        (2) include a specific block explicitly identified as the 
    location in which a member of the Armed Forces may provide one or 
    more email addresses by which the member may be contacted after 
    discharge or release from active duty.
    (b) Deadline for Modification.--The Secretary of Defense shall 
release a revised Certificate of Release or Discharge from Active Duty 
(DD Form 214), modified pursuant to subsection (a), not later than four 
years after the date of the enactment of this Act.
    (c) Report.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit a report 
to Congress regarding the following:
        (1) What systems of the Department of Defense require an 
    individual to manually enter information from DD Form 214.
        (2) What activities of the Department of Defense require a 
    veteran or former member of the Armed Forces to provide a physical 
    copy of DD Form 214.
        (3) The order of priority for modernizing items identified 
    under paragraphs (1) and (2) as determined by the Secretary.
        (4) The estimated cost, as determined by the Secretary, to 
    automate items identified under paragraphs (1) and (2).
    SEC. 570. RECORDS OF SERVICE FOR RESERVES.
    (a) Establishment.--Not later than September 30, 2020, the 
Secretary of Defense shall establish and implement a standard record of 
service for members of the reserve components of the Armed Forces, 
similar to DD Form 214, that summarizes the record of service of each 
such member, including dates of active duty service.
    (b) Coordination.--In carrying out this section, the Secretary of 
Defense shall coordinate with the Secretary of Veterans Affairs to 
ensure that the record established under this section is acceptable as 
proof of service for former members of the reserve components of the 
Armed Forces who are eligible for benefits under laws administered by 
the Secretary of Veterans Affairs to receive such benefits.
SEC. 570A. LIMITATIONS AND REQUIREMENTS IN CONNECTION WITH SEPARATIONS 
FOR MEMBERS OF THE ARMED FORCES WHO SUFFER FROM MENTAL HEALTH 
CONDITIONS IN CONNECTION WITH A SEX-RELATED, INTIMATE PARTNER VIOLENCE-
RELATED, OR SPOUSAL-ABUSE OFFENSE.
    (a) Confirmation of Diagnosis of Condition Required Before 
Separation.--Before a member of the Armed Forces who was the victim of 
a sex-related offense, an intimate partner violence-related offense, or 
a spousal-abuse offense during service in the Armed Forces (whether or 
not such offense was committed by another member of the Armed Forces), 
and who has a mental health condition not amounting to a physical 
disability, is separated, discharged, or released from the Armed Forces 
based solely on such condition, the diagnosis of such condition must 
be--
        (1) corroborated by a competent mental health care professional 
    at the peer level or a higher level of the health care professional 
    making the diagnosis; and
        (2) endorsed by the Surgeon General of the military department 
    concerned.
    (b) Narrative Reason for Separation if Mental Health Condition 
Present.--If the narrative reason for separation, discharge, or release 
from the Armed Forces of a member of the Armed Forces is a mental 
health condition that is not a disability, the appropriate narrative 
reason for the separation, discharge, or release shall be a condition, 
not a disability, or Secretarial authority.
    (c) Definitions.--In this section:
        (1) The term ``intimate partner violence-related offense'' 
    means the following:
            (A) An offense under section 928 or 930 of title 10, United 
        States Code (article 128 or 130 of the Uniform Code of Military 
        Justice).
            (B) An offense under State law for conduct identical or 
        substantially similar to an offense described in subparagraph 
        (A).
        (2) The term ``sex-related offense'' means the following:
            (A) An offense under section 920 or 920b of title 10, 
        United States Code (article 120 or 120b of the Uniform Code of 
        Military Justice).
            (B) An offense under State law for conduct identical or 
        substantially similar to an offense described in subparagraph 
        (A).
        (3) The term ``spousal-abuse offense'' means the following:
            (A) An offense under section 928 of title 10, United States 
        Code (article 128 of the Uniform Code of Military Justice).
            (B) An offense under State law for conduct identical or 
        substantially similar to an offense described in subparagraph 
        (A).
    (d) Effective Date.--This section shall take effect 180 days after 
the date of the enactment of this Act, and shall apply with respect to 
separations, discharges, and releases from the Armed Forces that occur 
on or after that effective date.
SEC. 570B. PROHIBITION ON INVOLUNTARY SEPARATION OF CERTAIN MEMBERS OF 
THE ARMED FORCES; CONSIDERATION OF MILITARY SERVICE IN REMOVAL 
DETERMINATIONS.
    (a) Prohibition on Involuntary Separation.--
        (1) In general.--No member of the Armed Forces may be 
    involuntarily separated from the Armed Forces solely because that 
    member is a covered member.
        (2) Covered member defined.--In this subsection, the term 
    ``covered member'' means a member of the Armed Forces who--
            (A) possesses a current and valid employment authorization 
        document that was issued pursuant to the memorandum of the 
        Secretary of Homeland Security dated June 15, 2012, and 
        entitled ``Exercising Prosecutorial Discretion with Respect to 
        Individuals who Came to the United States as Children''; or
            (B) is currently in a temporary protected status under 
        section 244 of the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 
        1254a).
    (b) Consideration of Military Service in Removal Determinations.--
        (1) In general.--With regards to an individual, an immigration 
    officer shall take into consideration evidence of military service 
    by that individual in determining whether--
            (A) to issue to that individual a notice to appear in 
        removal proceedings, an administrative order of removal, or a 
        reinstatement of a final removal order; and
            (B) to execute a final order of removal regarding that 
        individual.
        (2) Definitions.--In this subsection:
            (A) The term ``evidence of service'' means evidence that an 
        individual served as a member of the Armed Forces, and the 
        characterization of each period of service of that individual 
        in the Armed Forces.
            (B) The term ``immigration officer'' has the meaning given 
        that term in section 101 of the Immigration and Nationality Act 
        (8 U.S.C. 1101 et seq.).
SEC. 570C. INCLUSION OF QUESTION REGARDING IMMIGRATION STATUS ON 
PRESEPARATION COUNSELING CHECKLIST (DD FORM 2648).
    Not later than September 30, 2020, the Secretary of Defense shall 
modify the preseparation counseling checklist for active component, 
active guard reserve, active reserve, full time support, and reserve 
program administrator service members (DD Form 2648) to include a 
specific block wherein a member of the Armed Forces may indicate that 
the member would like to receive information regarding the immigration 
status of that member and expedited naturalization.
SEC. 570D. COUNSELING FOR MEMBERS OF THE ARMED FORCES WHO ARE NOT 
CITIZENS OF THE UNITED STATES ON NATURALIZATION IN THE UNITED STATES.
    (a) In General.--The Secretary concerned shall furnish to covered 
individuals under the jurisdiction of that Secretary counseling 
regarding how to apply for naturalization in the United States.
    (b) Definitions.--In this section:
        (1) The term ``covered individual'' means a member of the Armed 
    Forces who is not a citizen of the United States.
        (2) The term ``Secretary concerned'' has the meaning given that 
    term in section 101(a)(9) of title 10, United States Code.
SEC. 570E. PILOT PROGRAM ON INFORMATION SHARING BETWEEN DEPARTMENT OF 
DEFENSE AND DESIGNATED RELATIVES AND FRIENDS OF MEMBERS OF THE ARMED 
FORCES REGARDING THE EXPERIENCES AND CHALLENGES OF MILITARY SERVICE.
    (a) Pilot Program Required.--
        (1) In general.--Not later than one year after the date of the 
    enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall seek to enter 
    into an agreement with the American Red Cross to carry out a pilot 
    program under which the American Red Cross--
            (A) encourages a member of the Armed Forces, upon the 
        enlistment or appointment of such member, to designate up to 10 
        persons to whom information regarding the military service of 
        such member shall be disseminated using contact information 
        obtained under paragraph (6); and
            (B) provides such persons, within 30 days after the date on 
        which such persons are designated under subparagraph (A), the 
        option to elect to receive such information regarding military 
        service.
        (2) Dissemination.--The Secretary shall disseminate information 
    described in paragraph (1)(A) under the pilot program on a regular 
    basis.
        (3) Types of information.--The types of information to be 
    disseminated under the pilot program to persons who elect to 
    receive such information shall include information regarding--
            (A) aspects of daily life and routine experienced by 
        members of the Armed Forces;
            (B) the challenges and stresses of military service, 
        particularly during and after deployment as part of a 
        contingency operation;
            (C) the services available to members of the Armed Forces 
        and the dependents of such members to cope with the experiences 
        and challenges of military service;
            (D) benefits administered by the Department of Defense for 
        members of the Armed Forces and the dependents of such members;
            (E) a toll-free telephone number through which such persons 
        who elect to receive information under the pilot program may 
        request information regarding the program; and
            (F) such other information as the Secretary determines to 
        be appropriate.
        (4) Privacy of information.--In carrying out the pilot program, 
    the Secretary may not disseminate information under paragraph (3) 
    in violation of laws and regulations pertaining to the privacy of 
    members of the Armed Forces, including requirements pursuant to--
            (A) section 552a of title 5, United States Code; and
            (B) the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act 
        of 1996 (Public Law 104-191).
        (5) Notice and modifications.--In carrying out the pilot 
    program, the Secretary shall, with respect to a member of the Armed 
    Forces--
            (A) ensure that such member is notified of the ability to 
        modify designations made by such member under paragraph (1)(A); 
        and
            (B) upon the request of a member, authorize such member to 
        modify such designations at any time.
        (6) Contact information.--In making a designation under the 
    pilot program, a member of the Armed Forces shall provide necessary 
    contact information, specifically including an email address, to 
    facilitate the dissemination of information regarding the military 
    service of the member.
        (7) Opt-in and opt-out of program.--
            (A) Opt-in by members.--A member may participate in the 
        pilot program only if the member voluntarily elects to 
        participate in the program. A member seeking to make such an 
        election shall make such election in a manner, and by including 
        such information, as the Secretary and the Red Cross shall 
        jointly specify for purposes of the pilot program.
            (B) Opt-in by designated recipients.--A person designated 
        pursuant to paragraph (1)(A) may receive information under the 
        pilot program only if the person makes the election described 
        in paragraph (1)(B).
            (C) Opt-out.--In carrying out the pilot program, the 
        Secretary shall, with respect to a person who has elected to 
        receive information under such pilot program, cease 
        disseminating such information to that person upon request of 
        such person.
    (b) Survey and Report on Pilot Program.--
        (1) Survey.--Not later than two years after the date on which 
    the pilot program commences, the Secretary, in consultation with 
    the American Red Cross, shall administer a survey to persons who 
    elected to receive information under the pilot program for the 
    purpose of receiving feedback regarding the quality of information 
    disseminated under this section, including whether such information 
    appropriately reflects the military career progression of members 
    of the Armed Forces.
        (2) Report.--Not later than three years after the date on which 
    the pilot program commences, the Secretary shall submit to the 
    congressional defense committees a final report on the pilot 
    program which includes--
            (A) the results of the survey administered under paragraph 
        (1);
            (B) a determination as to whether the pilot program should 
        be made permanent; and
            (C) recommendations as to modifications necessary to 
        improve the program if made permanent.
    (c) Termination of Pilot Program.--The pilot program shall 
terminate upon submission of the report required by subsection (b)(2).
SEC. 570F. CONNECTIONS OF MEMBERS RETIRING OR SEPARATING FROM THE ARMED 
FORCES WITH COMMUNITY-BASED ORGANIZATIONS AND RELATED ENTITIES.
    (a) In General.--The Secretary of Defense and the Secretary of 
Veterans Affairs shall jointly seek to enter into memoranda of 
understanding or other agreements with State veterans agencies under 
which information from Department of Defense Form DD-2648 on 
individuals undergoing retirement, discharge, or release from the Armed 
Forces is transmitted to one or more State veterans agencies, as 
elected by such individuals, to provide or connect veterans to benefits 
or services as follows:
        (1) Assistance in preparation of resumes.
        (2) Training for employment interviews.
        (3) Employment recruitment training.
        (4) Other services leading directly to a successful transition 
    from military life to civilian life.
        (5) Healthcare, including care for mental health.
        (6) Transportation or transportation-related services.
        (7) Housing.
        (8) Such other benefits or services as the Secretaries jointly 
    consider appropriate for purposes of this section.
    (b) Information Transmitted.--The information transmitted on 
individuals as described in subsection (a) shall be such information on 
Form DD-2648 as the Secretaries jointly consider appropriate to 
facilitate community-based organizations and related entities in 
providing or connecting such individuals to benefits and services as 
described in subsection (a).
    (c) Modification of Form DD-2648.--The Secretary of Defense shall 
make such modifications to Form DD-2648 as the Secretary considers 
appropriate to allow an individual filling out the form to indicate an 
email address at which the individual may be contacted to receive or be 
connected to benefits or services described in subsection (a).
    (d) Voluntary Participation.--Information on an individual may be 
transmitted to and through a State veterans agency as described in 
subsection (a) only with the consent of the individual. In giving such 
consent, an individual shall specify the following:
        (1) The State veterans agency or agencies elected by the 
    individual to transmit such information as described in subsection 
    (a).
        (2) The benefits and services for which contact information 
    shall be so transmitted.
        (3) Such other information on the individual as the individual 
    considers appropriate in connection with the transmittal.
SEC. 570G. PILOT PROGRAM REGARDING ONLINE APPLICATION FOR THE 
TRANSITION ASSISTANCE PROGRAM.
    (a) Establishment.--The Secretary of Defense, the Secretary of 
Veterans Affairs, and the Secretary of Labor may jointly carry out a 
pilot program that creates a one-stop source for online applications 
for the purposes of assisting members of the Armed Forces and Veterans 
participating in the Transition Assistance Program (in this section 
referred to as ``TAP'').
    (b) Data Sources.--If the Secretaries carry out the pilot program, 
any online application developed under such program shall, in part, 
aggregate existing data from government resources and the private 
sector under one uniform resource locator for the purpose of assisting 
members of the Armed Forces and veterans participating in TAP.
    (c) Availability; Accessibility.--Any online application developed 
under a pilot program shall, to the extent feasible be--
        (1) widely available as a mobile application; and
        (2) easily accessible by veterans, members of the Armed Forces, 
    and employers.
    (d) Assessments.--
        (1) Interim assessments.--Not later than the dates that are one 
    and two years after the date of the commencement of any pilot 
    program under this section, the Secretaries shall jointly assess 
    the pilot program.
        (2) Final assessment.--Not later than the date that is three 
    years after the date of the commencement of any pilot program under 
    this section, the Secretaries shall jointly carry out a final 
    assessment of the pilot program.
        (3) Purpose.--The general objective of each assessment under 
    this subsection shall be to determine if the online application 
    under the pilot program helps participants in TAP to accomplish the 
    goals of TAP, accounting for the individual profiles of 
    participants, including military experience and geographic 
    location.
    (e) Briefing.--If the Secretaries carry out the pilot program, the 
Secretary of Defense shall provide to the Committees on Armed Services 
of the Senate and House of Representatives a briefing on findings 
regarding the pilot program, including any recommendations for 
legislation.
    (f) Definitions.--In this section:
        (1) The term ``mobile application'' means a software program 
    that runs on the operating system of a mobile device.
        (2) The term ``mobile device'' means a smartphone, tablet 
    computer, or similar portable computing device that transmits data 
    over a wireless connection.

    Subtitle H--Military Family Readiness and Dependents' Education

    SEC. 571. AUTHORIZING MEMBERS TO TAKE LEAVE FOR A BIRTH OR ADOPTION 
      IN MORE THAN ONE INCREMENT.
    Paragraph (5) of section 701(i) of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended--
        (1) by striking ``only in one increment'' and inserting ``in 
    more than one increment''; and
        (2) by inserting ``in accordance with regulations prescribed by 
    the Secretary concerned'' before the period.
    SEC. 572. DEFERRED DEPLOYMENT FOR MEMBERS WHO GIVE BIRTH.
    Section 701 of title 10, United States Code, is amended by adding 
at the end the following new subsection:
    ``(l) A member of the armed forces who gives birth while on active 
duty may be deployed during the period of 12 months beginning on the 
date of such birth only with the approval of a health care provider 
employed at a military medical treatment facility and--
        ``(1) at the election of such member; or
        ``(2) in the interest of national security, as determined by 
    the Secretary of Defense.''.
    SEC. 573. AUTHORITY OF THE SECRETARY CONCERNED TO TRANSPORT REMAINS 
      OF A COVERED DECEDENT TO NO MORE THAN TWO PLACES SELECTED BY THE 
      PERSON DESIGNATED TO DIRECT DISPOSITION OF THE REMAINS.
    (a) Authority.--Section 1482(a)(8) of title 10, United States Code, 
is amended to read as follows:
        ``(8)(A) Transportation of the remains, and travel and 
    transportation allowances as specified in regulations prescribed 
    under section 464 of title 37 for an escort of one person, to the 
    place, subject to subparagraph (B), selected by the person 
    designated to direct disposition of the remains or, if such a 
    selection is not made, to a national or other cemetery which is 
    selected by the Secretary and in which burial of the decedent is 
    authorized.
        ``(B) The person designated to direct disposition of the 
    remains may select two places under subparagraph (A) if the second 
    place is a national cemetery. If that person selects two places, 
    the Secretary concerned may pay for transportation to the second 
    place only by means of reimbursement under subsection (b).
        ``(C) When transportation of the remains includes 
    transportation by aircraft under section 562 of the John Warner 
    National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2007 (Public Law 
    109-364; 10 U.S.C. 1482 note), the Secretary concerned shall 
    provide, to the maximum extent practicable, for delivery of the 
    remains by air to the commercial, general aviation, or military 
    airport nearest to the place selected by the designee.''.
    (b) Military Escort and Honor Guard Only to First Location.--
Section 562(b) of the John Warner National Defense Authorization Act 
for Fiscal Year 2007 (Public Law 109-364; 10 U.S.C. 1482 note) is 
amended by adding at the end the following: ``If the person designated 
to direct disposition of the remains selects two places under such 
section, the term means only the first of those two places.''.
    SEC. 574. MILITARY FUNERAL HONORS MATTERS.
    (a) Full Military Honors Ceremony for Certain Veterans.--Section 
1491(b) of title 10, United States Code, is amended by adding at the 
end the following:
    ``(3) The Secretary concerned shall provide full military honors 
(as determined by the Secretary concerned) for the funeral of a veteran 
who--
        ``(A) is first interred or first inurned in Arlington National 
    Cemetery on or after the date of the enactment of the National 
    Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2020;
        ``(B) was awarded the medal of honor or the prisoner-of-war 
    medal; and
        ``(C) is not entitled to full military honors by the grade of 
    that veteran.''.
    (b) Full Military Funeral Honors for Veterans at Military 
Installations.--
        (1) Installation plans for honors required.--The commander of 
    each military installation at or through which a funeral honors 
    detail for a veteran is provided pursuant to section 1491 of title 
    10, United States Code (as amended by subsection (a)), shall 
    maintain and carry out a plan for the provision, upon request, of 
    full military funeral honors at funerals of veterans for whom a 
    funeral honors detail is authorized in that section.
        (2) Elements.--Each plan of an installation under paragraph (1) 
    shall include the following:
            (A) Mechanisms to ensure compliance with the requirements 
        applicable to the composition of funeral honors details in 
        section 1491(b) of title 10, United States Code (as so 
        amended).
            (B) Mechanisms to ensure compliance with the requirements 
        for ceremonies for funerals in section 1491(c) of such title.
            (C) In addition to the ceremonies required pursuant to 
        subparagraph (B), the provision of a gun salute, if otherwise 
        authorized, for each funeral by appropriate personnel, 
        including personnel of the installation, members of the reserve 
        components of the Armed Forces residing in the vicinity of the 
        installation who are ordered to funeral honors duty, or members 
        of veterans organizations or other organizations referred to in 
        section 1491(b)(2) of such title.
            (D) Mechanisms for the provision of support authorized by 
        section 1491(d) of such title.
            (E) Such other mechanisms and activities as the Secretary 
        concerned considers appropriate in order to assure that full 
        military funeral honors are provided upon request at funerals 
        of veterans.
        (3) Definitions.--In this subsection:
            (A) The term ``Secretary concerned'' has the meaning given 
        that term in section 101(a)(9) of title 10, United States Code.
            (B) The term ``veteran'' has the meaning given that term in 
        section 1491(h) of title 10, United States Code.
    SEC. 575. IMPROVEMENT OF OCCUPATIONAL LICENSE PORTABILITY FOR 
      RELOCATED SPOUSES OF MEMBERS OF THE UNIFORMED SERVICES.
    Section 1784 of title 10, United States Code, is amended by adding 
at the end the following new subsection:
    ``(h) Improvement of Occupational License Portability Through 
Interstate Compacts.--
        ``(1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense shall seek to enter 
    into a cooperative agreement with the Council of State Governments 
    to assist with funding of the development of interstate compacts on 
    licensed occupations in order to alleviate the burden associated 
    with relicensing in such an occupation by spouse of a members of 
    the armed forces in connection with a permanent change of duty 
    station of members to another State.
        ``(2) Limitation on assistance per compact.--The amount 
    provided under paragraph (1) as assistance for the development of 
    any particular interstate compact may not exceed $1,000,000.
        ``(3) Limitation on total amount of assistance.--The total 
    amount of assistance provided under paragraph (1) in any fiscal 
    year may not exceed $4,000,000.
        ``(4) Annual report.--Not later than February 28 each year, the 
    Secretary shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the 
    Senate and the House of Representatives a report on interstate 
    compacts described in paragraph (1) developed through assistance 
    provided under that paragraph. Each report shall set forth the 
    following:
            ``(A) Any interstate compact developed during the preceding 
        calendar year, including the occupational licenses covered by 
        such compact and the States agreeing to enter into such 
        compact.
            ``(B) Any interstate compact developed during a prior 
        calendar year into which one or more additional States agreed 
        to enter during the preceding calendar year.
        ``(5) Expiration.--The authority to enter into a cooperative 
    agreement under paragraph (1), and to provide assistance described 
    in that paragraph pursuant to such cooperative agreement, expire on 
    September 30, 2024.''.
    SEC. 576. CONTINUED ELIGIBILITY FOR EDUCATION AND TRAINING 
      OPPORTUNITIES FOR SPOUSES OF PROMOTED MEMBERS.
    Section 1784a(b) of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
        (1) by inserting ``(1)'' before ``Assistance''; and
        (2) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
    ``(2) A spouse who is eligible for a program under this section and 
begins a course of education or training for a degree, license, or 
credential described in subsection (a) may not become ineligible to 
complete such course of education or training solely because the member 
to whom the spouse is married is promoted to a higher grade.''.
    SEC. 577. MODIFICATION TO AUTHORITY TO REIMBURSE FOR STATE 
      LICENSURE AND CERTIFICATION COSTS OF A SPOUSE OF A SERVICEMEMBER 
      ARISING FROM RELOCATION.
    Section 476(p) of title 37, United States Code, is amended--
        (1) in paragraph (1), by striking ``armed forces'' and 
    inserting ``uniformed services'';
        (2) in paragraph (2), by striking ``$500'' and inserting 
    ``$1,000'';
        (3) in paragraph (3)--
            (A) in subparagraph (A), by striking ``and'';
            (B) in subparagraph (B), by striking the period and 
        inserting ``; and''; and
            (C) by adding at the end the following new subparagraph:
        ``(C) an analysis of whether the maximum reimbursement amount 
    under paragraph (2) is sufficient to cover the average costs of 
    relicensing described in paragraph (1).''; and
        (4) in paragraph (4), by striking ``December 31, 2022'' and 
    inserting ``December 31, 2024''.
    SEC. 578. CLARIFICATION REGARDING ELIGIBILITY TO TRANSFER 
      ENTITLEMENT UNDER POST-9/11 EDUCATIONAL ASSISTANCE PROGRAM.
    Section 3319(j) of title 38, United States Code, is amended by 
adding at the end the following new paragraph:
    ``(3) The Secretary of Defense may not prescribe any regulation 
that would provide for a limitation on eligibility to transfer unused 
education benefits to family members based on a maximum number of years 
of service in the Armed Forces.''.
    SEC. 579. ANNUAL STATE REPORT CARD.
    Section 1111(h)(1)(C)(ii) of the Elementary and Secondary Education 
Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 6311(h)(1)(C)(ii)) is amended by striking ``on 
active duty (as defined in section 101(d)(5) of such title)''.
    SEC. 580. IMPROVEMENTS TO CHILD CARE FOR MEMBERS OF THE ARMED 
      FORCES.
    (a) Clarifying Technical Amendment to Direct Hire Authority of the 
Department of Defense for Child Care Services Providers for Department 
Child Development Centers.--Section 559(e) of the National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2018 (Public Law 115-91; 10 U.S.C. 
1792 note) is amended by inserting ``(including family childcare 
coordinator services and school age childcare coordinator services)'' 
after ``childcare services''.
    (b) Assessment of Financial Assistance Provided to Civilian Child 
Care Providers.--
        (1) Assessment.--The Secretary of Defense shall assess the 
    maximum amount of financial assistance provided to eligible 
    civilian providers of child care services or youth program services 
    that furnish such service for members of the armed forces and 
    employees of the United States under section 1798 of title 10, 
    United States Code. Such assessment shall include the following:
            (A) The determination of the Secretary whether the maximum 
        allowable financial assistance should be standardized across 
        the Armed Forces.
            (B) Whether the maximum allowable amount adequately 
        accounts for high-cost duty stations.
        (2) Report.--Not later than June 1, 2020, the Secretary of 
    Defense shall submit a report to the Committees on Armed Services 
    of the Senate and the House of Representatives regarding the 
    results of the assessment under paragraph (1) and any actions taken 
    by the Secretary to remedy identified shortfalls in assistance 
    described in that paragraph.
    (c) Reduction in Wait Lists for Child Care at Military 
Installations.--
        (1) Remedial action.--The Secretary of Defense shall take steps 
    the Secretary determines necessary to reduce the waiting lists for 
    child care at military installations to ensure that members of the 
    Armed Forces have meaningful access to child care during tours of 
    duty.
        (2) Report.--Not later than June 1, 2020, the Secretary of 
    Defense shall provide a report to the Committees on Armed Forces of 
    the Senate and the House of Representative regarding--
            (A) action taken under paragraph (1); and
            (B) any additional resources (including additional funding 
        for and child care facilities and workers) the Secretary 
        determines necessary to increase access described in paragraph 
        (1).
    (d) GAO Review.--The Comptroller General of the United States shall 
conduct a review of the assessments, actions, and determinations of the 
Secretary under subsections (b)(1) and (c). Not later than December 1, 
2020, the Comptroller General shall submit to the Committees on Armed 
Services of the Senate and the House of Representatives a report 
regarding the review performed under this subsection.
    (e) Assessment of Accessibility of Websites of the Department of 
Defense Related to Child Care and Spousal Employment.--
        (1) Assessment.--The Secretary of Defense shall review the 
    functions and accessibility of websites of the Department of 
    Defense designed for members of the Armed Forces and the families 
    of such members to access information and services offered by the 
    Department regarding child care, spousal employment, and other 
    family matters.
        (2) Report.--Not later than March 1, 2020, the Secretary of 
    Defense shall provide a briefing to the Committees on Armed 
    Services of the Senate and the House of Representatives regarding 
    the results of the assessment under paragraph (1) and actions taken 
    to enhance accessibility of the websites.
    (f) Portability of Background Investigations for Child Care 
Providers.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the enactment of 
this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall ensure that the background 
investigation and training certification for a child care provider 
employed by the Department of Defense in a facility of the Department 
may be transferred to another facility of the Department, without 
regard to which Secretary of a military department has jurisdiction 
over either such facility.
SEC. 580A. TRANSPORTATION OF REMAINS OF CASUALTIES; TRAVEL EXPENSES FOR 
NEXT OF KIN.
    (a) Transportation for Remains of a Member Who Dies Not in a 
Theater of Combat Operations.--Section 562 of the John Warner National 
Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2007 (Public Law 109-364; 10 
U.S.C. 1482 note), as amended by section 573 of this Act, is further 
amended--
        (1) in the heading, by striking ``dying in a theater of combat 
    operations''; and
        (2) in subsection (a), by striking ``in a combat theater of 
    operations'' and inserting ``outside of the United States''.
    (b) Transportation for Family.--The Secretary of Defense shall 
extend travel privileges via Invitational Travel Authorization to 
family members of members of the Armed Forces who die outside of the 
United States and whose remains are returned to the United States 
through the mortuary facility at Dover Air Force Base, Delaware.
SEC. 580B. MEETINGS OF OFFICIALS OF THE DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE WITH 
REPRESENTATIVE GROUPS OF SURVIVORS OF DECEASED MEMBERS OF THE ARMED 
FORCES.
    (a) Chiefs of the Armed Forces.--The Secretary of Defense shall 
direct the chiefs of the Armed Forces to meet periodically with 
representative groups of survivors of deceased members of the Armed 
Forces to receive feedback from those survivors regarding issues 
affecting such survivors. The Chief of the National Guard Bureau shall 
meet with representative groups of survivors of deceased members of the 
Air National Guard and the Army National Guard.
    (b) Under Secretary of Defense for Personnel and Readiness.--The 
Under Secretary of Defense for Personnel and Readiness shall meet 
periodically with representative groups of survivors of deceased 
members of the Armed Forces to discuss policies of the Department of 
Defense regarding military casualties and Gold Star families.
    (c) Briefing.--Not later than April 1, 2020, the Under Secretary of 
Defense for Personnel and Readiness shall brief the Committee on Armed 
Services of the House of Representatives regarding policies established 
and the results of the meetings under subsection (b).
SEC. 580C. INFORMATION AND OPPORTUNITIES FOR REGISTRATION FOR VOTING 
AND ABSENTEE BALLOT REQUESTS FOR MEMBERS OF THE ARMED FORCES UNDERGOING 
DEPLOYMENT OVERSEAS.
    (a) In General.--Not later than 45 days prior to a general election 
for Federal office, a member of the Armed Forces shall, upon request, 
be provided with the following:
        (1) A Federal write-in absentee ballot prescribed pursuant to 
    section 103 of the Uniformed and Overseas Citizens Absentee Voting 
    Act (52 U.S.C. 20303), together with instructions on the 
    appropriate use of the ballot with respect to the State in which 
    the member is registered to vote.
        (2) In the case of a member intending to vote in a State that 
    does not accept the Federal write-in absentee ballot as a 
    simultaneous application and acceptable ballot for Federal 
    elections, instructions on, and an opportunity to fill out, the 
    official post card form for absentee voter registration application 
    and absentee ballot application prescribed under section 101(b)(2) 
    of the Uniformed and Overseas Citizens Absentee Voting Act (52 
    U.S.C. 20301(b)(2)).
    (b) Personnel Responsible of Discharge.--Ballots and instructions 
pursuant to paragraph (1) of subsection (a), and briefings and forms 
pursuant to paragraph (2) of such subsection, shall be provided by 
Voting Assistance Officers or such other personnel as the Secretary of 
the military department concerned shall designate.
SEC. 580D. STUDY ON TWO-WAY MILITARY BALLOT BARCODE TRACKING.
    (a) Study.--The Director of the Federal Voting Assistance Program 
of the Department of Defense shall conduct a study on the feasibility 
of a pilot program providing full ballot tracking of overseas military 
absentee ballots through the mail stream in a manner that is similar to 
the 2016 Military Ballot Tracking Pilot Program conducted by the 
Federal Voting Assistance Program.
    (b) Report.--Not later than one year after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Director shall submit to Congress a report 
on the results of the study conducted under subsection (a). The report 
shall include--
        (1) an estimate of the costs and requirements needed to conduct 
    the pilot program described in subsection (a);
        (2) a description of the organizations that would provide 
    substantial support for the pilot program;
        (3) a time line for the phased implementation of the pilot 
    program to all military personnel actively serving overseas;
        (4) a method to determine under the pilot program if a ballot 
    was counted, and a way to provide such information to the member of 
    the Armed Forces casting the vote; and
        (5) a description of the efforts being undertaken to ensure a 
    reliable and secure military ballot tracking system.
SEC. 580E. ASSISTANCE TO SCHOOLS WITH MILITARY DEPENDENT STUDENTS.
    (a) Impact Aid for Children With Severe Disabilities.--
        (1) In general.--Of the amount authorized to be appropriated 
    for fiscal year 2020 by section 301 and available for operation and 
    maintenance for Defense-wide activities as specified in the funding 
    table in section 4301, $10,000,000 shall be available for payments 
    under section 363 of the Floyd D. Spence National Defense 
    Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2001 (Public Law 106-398; 20 
    U.S.C. 7703a).
        (2) Use of certain amount.--Of the amount available under 
    paragraph (1) for payments as described in that paragraph, 
    $5,000,000 shall be available for such payments to local 
    educational agencies determined by the Secretary of Defense, in the 
    discretion of the Secretary, to have higher concentrations of 
    military children with severe disabilities.
    (b) Assistance to Schools With Significant Numbers of Military 
Dependent Students.--Of the amount authorized to be appropriated for 
fiscal year 2020 by section 301 and available for operation and 
maintenance for Defense-wide activities as specified in the funding 
table in section 4301, $40,000,000 shall be available only for the 
purpose of providing assistance to local educational agencies under 
subsection (a) of section 572 of the National Defense Authorization Act 
for Fiscal Year 2006 (Public Law 109-163; 20 U.S.C. 7703b).
    (c) Local Educational Agency Defined.--In this section, the term 
``local educational agency'' has the meaning given that term in section 
7013(9) of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965 (20 
U.S.C. 7713(9)).
SEC. 580F. FIRST EXPANSION OF THE MY CAREER ADVANCEMENT ACCOUNT PROGRAM 
FOR MILITARY SPOUSES.
    The Secretary of Defense shall modify the My Career Advancement 
Account program of the Department of Defense to ensure that military 
spouses participating in the program may receive financial assistance 
for the pursuit of a license, certification, or Associate's degree in 
any career field or occupation.
SEC. 580G. SECOND EXPANSION OF THE MY CAREER ADVANCEMENT ACCOUNT 
PROGRAM FOR MILITARY SPOUSES.
    The spouse of a member of the Coast Guard may participate in the My 
Career Advancement Account program of the Department of Defense if the 
Coast Guard reimburses the Department of Defense.
SEC. 580H. REPORT ON TRAINING AND SUPPORT AVAILABLE TO MILITARY 
SPOUSES.
    (a) Report Required.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Under Secretary of Defense for Personnel and 
Readiness shall submit to the committees on Armed Services of the 
Senate and the House of Representatives a report that includes a 
description of the following:
        (1) Financial literacy programs currently designed specifically 
    for military spouses.
        (2) Efforts to evaluate the effectiveness of financial literacy 
    programs.
    (b) Public Availability.--The report submitted under subsection (a) 
shall be made available on a publicly accessible website of the 
Department of Defense.
SEC. 580I. RI'KATAK GUEST STUDENT PROGRAM AT UNITED STATES ARMY 
GARRISON-KWAJALEIN ATOLL.
    (a) Program Authorized.--The Secretary of the Army may conduct an 
assistance program to educate up to five local national students per 
grade, per academic year, on a space-available basis at the contractor-
operated schools on United States Army GarrisonUKwajalein Atoll. The 
program shall be known as the ``Ri'katak Guest Student Program''.
    (b) Student Assistance.--Assistance that may be provided to 
students participating in the program carried out pursuant to 
subsection (a) includes the following:
        (1) Classroom instruction.
        (2) Extracurricular activities.
        (3) Student meals.
        (4) Transportation.

                   Subtitle I--Decorations and Awards

    SEC. 581. MODIFICATION OF AUTHORITIES ON ELIGIBILITY FOR AND 
      REPLACEMENT OF GOLD STAR LAPEL BUTTONS.
    (a) Expansion of Authority To Determine Next of Kin for Issuance.--
Section 1126 of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
        (1) in subsection (a), by striking ``widows, parents, and'' in 
    the matter preceding paragraph (1);
        (2) in subsection (b), by striking ``the widow and to each 
    parent and'' and inserting ``each''; and
        (3) in subsection (d)--
            (A) by striking paragraphs (1), (2), (3), and (4) and 
        inserting the following new paragraph (1):
        ``(1) The term `next of kin' means individuals standing in such 
    relationship to members of the armed forces described in subsection 
    (a) as the Secretaries concerned shall jointly specify in 
    regulations for purposes of this section.''; and
            (B) by redesignating paragraphs (5), (6), (7), and (8) as 
        paragraphs (2), (3), (4), and (5), respectively.
    (b) Replacement.--Subsection (c) of such section is amended by 
striking ``and payment'' and all that follows and inserting ``and 
without cost.''.
    SEC. 582. STANDARDIZATION OF HONORABLE SERVICE REQUIREMENT FOR 
      AWARD OF MILITARY DECORATIONS.
    (a) Honorable Service Requirement.--
        (1) In general.--Chapter 57 of title 10, United States Code, is 
    amended by adding at the end the following new section:
``Sec. 1136. Honorable service requirement for award of military 
    decorations
    ``No military decoration, including a medal, cross, or bar, or an 
associated emblem or insignia, may be awarded or presented to any 
person, or to a representative of the person, if the service of the 
person after the person distinguished himself or herself has not been 
honorable.''.
        (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning 
    of chapter 57 of such title is amended by adding at the end the 
    following:

``1136. Honorable service requirement for award of military 
          decorations.''.

    (b) Conforming Amendments.--Title 10, United States Code, is 
further amended as follows:
        (1) In section 7274--
            (A) in subsection (b), in the matter preceding paragraph 
        (1), by striking ``subsection (d)'' and inserting ``subsection 
        (c)'';
            (B) by striking subsection (c); and
            (C) by redesignating subsection (d) as subsection (c).
        (2)(A) Section 8299 is repealed.
        (B) The table of sections at the beginning of chapter 837 is 
    amended by striking the item relating to section 8299.
        (3) In section 9274--
            (A) in subsection (b), in the matter preceding paragraph 
        (1), by striking ``subsection (d)'' and inserting ``subsection 
        (c)'';
            (B) by striking subsection (c); and
            (C) by redesignating subsection (d) as subsection (c).
        (4) In section 9279, by striking subsection (c).
    SEC. 583. AUTHORIZATION FOR AWARD OF THE MEDAL OF HONOR TO JOHN J. 
      DUFFY FOR ACTS OF VALOR IN VIETNAM.
    (a) Waiver of Time Limitations.--Notwithstanding the time 
limitations specified in section 7274 of title 10, United States Code, 
or any other time limitation with respect to the awarding of certain 
medals to persons who served in the Armed Forces, the President may 
award the Medal of Honor under section 7271 of such title to John J. 
Duffy for the acts of valor in Vietnam described in subsection (b).
    (b) Acts of Valor Described.--The acts of valor referred to in 
subsection (a) are the actions of John J. Duffy on April 14 and 15, 
1972, in Vietnam for which he was previously awarded the Distinguished-
Service Cross.
    SEC. 584. REVIEW OF WORLD WAR I VALOR MEDALS.
    (a) Review Required.--Each Secretary concerned shall review the 
service records of World War I veterans described in subsection (b) 
under the jurisdiction of such Secretary in order to determine whether 
any such veteran should be awarded the Medal of Honor for valor during 
World War I.
    (b) Covered World War I Veterans.--The World War I veterans whose 
service records may be reviewed under subsection (a) are the following:
        (1) African American war veterans, Asian American war veterans, 
    Hispanic American war veterans, Jewish American war veterans, and 
    Native American war veterans who were awarded the Distinguished 
    Service Cross or the Navy Cross for an action that occurred between 
    April 6, 1917, and November 11, 1918.
        (2) African American war veterans, Asian American war veterans, 
    Hispanic American war veterans, Jewish American war veterans, and 
    Native American war veterans who were awarded the Croix de Guerre 
    with Palm (that is, awarded at the Army level or above) by the 
    Government of France for an action that occurred between April 6, 
    1917, and November 11, 1918.
        (3) African American war veterans, Asian American war veterans, 
    Hispanic American war veterans, Jewish American war veterans, and 
    Native American war veterans who were recommended for a Medal of 
    Honor for actions that occurred from April 6, 1917, to November 11, 
    1918, if the Department of Defense possesses or receives records 
    relating to such recommendation.
    (c) Recommendation Based on Review.--If a Secretary concerned 
determines, based upon the review under subsection (a), that the award 
of the Medal of Honor to a covered World War I veteran is warranted, 
such Secretary shall submit to the President a recommendation that the 
President award the Medal of Honor to that veteran.
    (d) Authority To Award Medal of Honor.--The Medal of Honor may be 
awarded to a World War I veteran in accordance with a recommendation of 
a Secretary concerned under subsection (c).
    (e) Waiver of Time Limitations.--An award of the Medal of Honor may 
be made under subsection (d) without regard to--
        (1) section 7274 or 8298 of title 10, United States Code, as 
    applicable; and
        (2) any regulation or other administrative restriction on--
            (A) the time for awarding the Medal of Honor; or
            (B) the awarding of the Medal of Honor for service for 
        which a Distinguished Service Cross or Navy Cross has been 
        awarded.
    (f) Deadline.--The review under subsection (a) shall terminate not 
later than five years after the date of the enactment of this Act.
    (g) Definitions.--
        (1) In general.--In this section:
            (A) African american war veteran.--The term ``African 
        American war veteran'' means any person who served in the 
        United States Armed Forces between April 6, 1917, and November 
        11, 1918, and who identified himself as of African descent on 
        his military personnel records.
            (B) Asian american war veteran.--The term ``Asian American 
        war veteran'' means any person who served in the United States 
        Armed Forces between April 6, 1917, and November 11, 1918, and 
        who identified himself racially, nationally, or ethnically as 
        originating from a country in Asia on his military personnel 
        records.
            (C) Hispanic american war veteran.--The term ``Hispanic 
        American war veteran'' means any person who served in the 
        United States Armed Forces between April 6, 1917, and November 
        11, 1918, and who identified himself racially, nationally, or 
        ethnically as originating from a country where Spanish is an 
        official language on his military personnel records.
            (D) Jewish american war veteran.--The term ``Jewish 
        American war veteran'' mean any person who served in the United 
        States Armed Forces between April 6, 1917, and November 11, 
        1918, and who identified himself as Jewish on his military 
        personnel records.
            (E) Native american war veteran.--The term ``Native 
        American war veteran'' means any person who served in the 
        United States Armed Forces between April 6, 1917, and November 
        11, 1918, and who identified himself as a member of a federally 
        recognized tribe within the modern territory of the United 
        States on his military personnel records.
            (F) Secretary concerned.--The term ``Secretary concerned'' 
        means--
                (i) the Secretary of the Army, in the case of members 
            of the Armed Forces who served in the Army between April 6, 
            1917, and November 11, 1918; and
                (ii) the Secretary of the Navy, in the case of members 
            of the Armed Forces who served in the Navy or the Marine 
            Corps between April 6, 1917, and November 11, 1918.
        (2) Application of definitions of origin.--If the military 
    personnel records of a person do not reflect the person's 
    membership in one of the groups identified in subparagraphs (B) 
    through (F) of paragraph (1) but historical evidence exists that 
    demonstrates the person's Jewish faith held at the time of service, 
    or that the person identified himself as of African, Asian, 
    Hispanic, or Native American descent, the person may be treated as 
    being a member of the applicable group by the Secretary concerned 
    for purposes of this section.

          Subtitle J--Miscellaneous Reports and Other Matters

    SEC. 591. CLARIFICATION OF THE TERM ``ASSAULT'' FOR PURPOSES OF 
      WORKPLACE AND GENDER RELATIONS SURVEYS.
    (a) Surveys of Members of the Armed Forces.--Section 481 of title 
10, United States Code, is amended by inserting ``(including unwanted 
sexual contact)'' after ``assault'' each place it appears.
    (b) Surveys of Civilian Employees of the Department of Defense.--
Section 481a of title 10, United States Code, is amended by inserting 
``(including unwanted sexual contact)'' after ``assault'' each place it 
appears.
    (c) Effective Date.--The amendments made by subsections (a) and (b) 
shall take effect on the date of the enactment of this Act and shall 
apply with respect to surveys under sections 481 and 481a of title 10, 
United States Code, that are initiated after such date.
    SEC. 592. INCLUSION OF CERTAIN VETERANS ON TEMPORARY DISABILITY OR 
      PERMANENT DISABLED RETIREMENT LISTS IN MILITARY ADAPTIVE SPORTS 
      PROGRAMS.
    (a) Inclusion of Certain Veterans.--Subsection (a)(1) of section 
2564a of title 10, United States Code, is amended by striking ``for 
members of the armed forces who'' and all that follows through the 
period at the end and inserting the following: ``for--
            ``(A) any member of the armed forces who is eligible to 
        participate in adaptive sports because of an injury, illness, 
        or wound incurred in the line of duty in the armed forces; and
            ``(B) any veteran (as defined in section 101 of title 38), 
        during the one-year period following the veteran's date of 
        separation, who--
                ``(i) is on the Temporary Disability Retirement List or 
            Permanently Disabled Retirement List;
                ``(ii) is eligible to participate in adaptive sports 
            because of an injury, illness, or wound incurred in the 
            line of duty in the armed forces; and
                ``(iii) was enrolled in the program authorized under 
            this section prior to the veteran's date of separation.''.
    (b) Conforming Amendment.--Subsection (b) of such section is 
amended by inserting ``and veterans'' after ``members''.
    (c) Clerical Amendments.--
        (1) Heading amendment.--The heading of such section is amended 
    to read as follows:
``Sec. 2564a. Provision of assistance for adaptive sports programs: 
     members of the armed forces; certain veterans''.
        (2) Table of section.--The table of sections at the beginning 
    of chapter 152 of such title is amended by striking the item 
    relating to section 2564a and inserting the following new item:

``2564a. Provision of assistance for adaptive sports programs: members 
          of the armed forces; certain veterans.''.
    SEC. 593. QUESTIONS IN SURVEYS REGARDING EXTREMIST ACTIVITY IN THE 
      WORKPLACE.
    The Secretary of Defense shall include in appropriate surveys 
administered by the Department of Defense questions regarding whether 
respondents have ever--
        (1) experienced or witnessed extremist activity in the 
    workplace; or
        (2) reported such activity.
    SEC. 594. STUDY ON BEST PRACTICES FOR PROVIDING FINANCIAL LITERACY 
      EDUCATION FOR SEPARATING MEMBERS OF THE ARMED FORCES.
    (a) Study Required.--The Secretary of Defense, and with respect to 
members of the Coast Guard, in coordination with the Secretary of the 
Department in which the Coast Guard is operating when it is not 
operating as a service in the Navy, shall conduct a study on the best 
practices to provide financial literacy education for separating 
members of the Armed Forces.
    (b) Elements.--The study required by subsection (a) shall include--
        (1) an examination, recommendations, and reporting on best 
    practices for providing financial literacy education to separating 
    members of the Armed Forces; and
        (2) detailed current financial literacy programs for separating 
    members of the Armed Forces.
    (c) Consultation.--In conducting the study required by subsection 
(a), the Secretaries shall consult with the Financial Literacy and 
Education Commission of the Department of the Treasury.
    (d) Report.--Not later than 120 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the 
committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of 
Representatives a report on the study under subsection (a).
    (e) Financial Literacy Defined.--In this section, the term 
``financial literacy'' means education regarding personal finance 
including the insurance, credit, loan, banking, career training and 
education benefits available to veterans.
    SEC. 595. REPORT ON OVERSIGHT OF AUTHORIZED STRENGTHS OF CERTAIN 
      GRADES OF COMMISSIONED REGULAR AND RESERVE OFFICERS OF THE ARMED 
      FORCES.
    (a) Report Required.--Not later than April 1, 2020, the Secretary 
of Defense shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the 
Senate and the House of Representatives a report on oversight of the 
authorized strengths of commissioned regular officers of the Armed 
Forces and commissioned reserve officers of the Armed Forces in the 
grades as follows:
        (1) The grades of major, lieutenant colonel, and colonel in the 
    Army, the Air Force, and the Marine Corps.
        (2) The grades of lieutenant commander, commander, and captain 
    in the Navy.
    (b) Elements.--The report required by subsection (a) shall include 
the following:
        (1) Such recommendations as the Secretary considers appropriate 
    on mechanisms to improve Department of Defense oversight, and 
    oversight by Congress, of the authorized strengths of commissioned 
    officers in the grades specified in subsection (a), including the 
    following:
            (A) An analysis of the history of each military department 
        in complying with the authorized strengths and strengths in 
        grade specified in sections 523 and 12005 of title 10, United 
        States Code, including a description of--
                (i) the number of officers in each grade and Armed 
            Force concerned as of the end of each fiscal year between 
            fiscal year 2010 and fiscal year 2019; and
                (ii) the number of officers authorized for such grade 
            and Armed Force as of the end of such fiscal year under the 
            applicable section.
            (B) An assessment of the feasibility and advisability of 
        submitting to Congress each year a request for an authorization 
        for officers serving in the grades currently covered by the 
        tables in section 523 of title 10, United States Code.
            (C) An assessment of the feasibility and advisability of 
        submitting to Congress each year a proposal for legislation to 
        update the tables in such section.
            (D) An assessment of the advisability of converting the 
        authorization for end strengths for regular officers in the 
        grades specified in subsection (a) to a percentage-based 
        approach like that currently utilized for reserve officers in 
        section 12005 of title 10, United States Code.
        (2) Such other recommendations as the Secretary considers 
    appropriate to improve the effectiveness of the oversight by 
    Congress of the number of commissioned regular and reserve officers 
    of the Armed Forces in the grades specified in subsection (a).
    SEC. 596. REPORT ON CERTAIN WAIVERS.
    (a) In General.--Not later than 120 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, and annually thereafter during the two 
subsequent calendar years, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the 
Committees on Armed Services of the House of Representatives and the 
Senate a report identifying, with respect to the reporting period for 
such report, and disaggregated by Armed Force, the following:
        (1) Accession and commission.--
            (A) The number of individuals who were processed by a 
        Secretary of a military department for a medical accession or 
        commissioning qualification determination on or after April 12, 
        2019.
            (B) Of the individuals described in subparagraph (A), the 
        number of such individuals who were found medically 
        disqualified pursuant to the standards established in DTM-19-
        004 regarding enlistment in or commission as an officer of an 
        Armed Force under the jurisdiction of the Secretary of a 
        military department.
            (C) Of the individuals described in subparagraph (A), the 
        number of such individuals--
                (i) described in section I.b.(1), 1.b(2), 1.b(3), or 
            II.b.(1) of attachment 3 to DTM-19-004; and
                (ii) who did not require a waiver or exception to 
            standards described in subparagraph (B).
            (D) Of the individuals described in subparagraph (C), the 
        number of such individuals who enlisted or were commissioned.
            (E) Of the individuals described in subparagraph (B), the 
        number of such individuals who were considered for a waiver or 
        exception to standards described in subparagraph (B).
            (F) Of the individuals described in subparagraph (E), the 
        number of such individuals who were denied such a waiver or 
        exception.
            (G) Of the individuals described in subparagraph (E), the 
        number of such individuals who received such a waiver or 
        exception.
            (H) Of the individuals described in subparagraph (G), the 
        number of such individuals who enlisted or were commissioned.
        (2) Retention.--
            (A) The number of members of each Armed Force under the 
        jurisdiction of the Secretary of a military department who 
        received a diagnosis of gender dysphoria on or after April 12, 
        2019.
            (B) Of the members described in subparagraph (A), the 
        number of members who were--
                (i) referred to the Disability Evaluation System; or
                (ii) subject to processing for administrative 
            separation based on conditions and circumstances not 
            constituting a physical disability that interfered with 
            assignment to or performance of duty.
            (C) Of the members described in subparagraph (A), the 
        number of members who were subsequently considered for a waiver 
        or exception to standards established in DTM-19-004 to permit 
        those members to serve in other than the biological sex of each 
        such member.
            (D) Of the members described in subparagraph (C), the 
        number of members who were granted such a waiver or exception.
            (E) Of the members described in subparagraph (C), the 
        number of members who were denied such a waiver or exception.
            (F) Of the members described in subparagraph (E), the 
        number of members who were discharged because of such denial, 
        aggregated by characterization of discharge.
    (b) Protection of Certain Information.--No report submitted under 
this section may contain any personally identifiable information or 
protected health information of any individual.
    (c) Definitions.--In this section:
        (1) The term ``DTM-19-004'' means the memorandum--
            (A) issued by the Office of the Deputy Secretary of 
        Defense;
            (B) dated March 12, 2019; and
            (C) with the subject heading ``Directive-type Memorandum 
        (DTM)-19-004-Military Service by Transgender Persons and 
        Persons with Gender Dysphoria''.
        (2) The terms ``exempt individuals'' and ``nonexempt 
    individuals'' have the meanings given those terms in attachment 3 
    to DTM-19-004.
        (3) The term ``reporting period'' means, with respect to a 
    report submitted under subsection (a), the calendar year most 
    recently completed before the date on which such report is to be 
    submitted.
    SEC. 597. NOTIFICATIONS ON MANNING OF AFLOAT NAVAL FORCES.
    (a) In General.--The Secretary of the Navy shall notify the 
congressional defense committees, in writing, not later than 30 days 
after the end of each fiscal year quarter, of each covered ship (if 
any) that met either condition as follows:
        (1) The manning fit for such ship was less than 87 percent for 
    more than 14 days during such fiscal year quarter.
        (2) The manning fill for such ship was less than 90 percent for 
    more than 14 days during such fiscal year quarter.
    (b) Elements.--The notification required by subsection (a) shall 
include, with respect to a covered ship, the following:
        (1) The name and hull number of the ship.
        (2) The homeport location of the ship.
        (3) The current manning fit and fill of the ship.
        (4) If the lowest level of manning fit or manning fill for the 
    ship occurred during the fiscal year quarter concerned, the level 
    concerned and the date on which such level occurred.
        (5) If the lowest level of manning fit or manning fill for the 
    ship is projected to occur after the fiscal year quarter concerned, 
    the projected level and the date on which such level is projected 
    to occur.
        (6) If not achieved as of the date of the notification the 
    projected date on which the Navy will achieve a manning fit and 
    fill at least 87 percent and 90 percent, respectively, for the 
    ship.
        (7) If not achieved as of the date of the notification, the 
    projected date on which the Navy will achieve a manning fit and 
    fill of at least 92 percent and 95 percent, respectively, for the 
    ship.
        (8) A description of the reasons the Navy has not achieved, or 
    will not achieve, as applicable, manning fit and fill of at least 
    87 percent and 90 percent, respectively, for the ship, including a 
    detailed description of the specific ratings or skillset areas that 
    must be manned to achieve those percentages.
        (9) A description of corrective actions the Navy is taking to 
    improve manning fit or manning fill on the ship.
    (c) Special Rule.--For purposes of determining whether a percentage 
of manning fit or manning fill has been achieved, a sailor in a more 
senior paygrade may count as filling the billet of a more junior 
paygrade, but a sailor in a more junior paygrade may not count as 
filling the billet of a more senior paygrade.
    (d) Definitions.--In this section:
        (1) Manning fit.--The term ``manning fit'', in the case of a 
    ship, means the skills (rating), specialty skills (Navy Enlisted 
    Classifications), and experience (paygrade) for the ship when 
    compared with the ship manpower document requirement and billets 
    authorized for such skills and experience.
        (2) Manning fill.--The term ``manning fill'', in the case of a 
    ship, means the total number of military personnel assigned to the 
    ship by rating when compared with the ship manpower document 
    requirement and billets authorized for the ship by rating.
        (3) Covered ship.--The term ``covered ship'' means a 
    commissioned battle force ship that is included in the battle force 
    count of the Naval Vessel Register.
    (e) Sunset.--The requirement to submit notifications under 
subsection (a) with respect to fiscal year quarters shall cease 
beginning with fiscal year quarters in fiscal year 2025.
    (f) Repeal of Superseded Requirements.--Section 525 of the John S. 
McCain National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2019 (Public 
Law 115-232; 132 Stat. 1757; 10 U.S.C. 8013 note) is repealed.
    SEC. 598. REPORT REGARDING USE OF AERIAL SYSTEMS OF THE DEPARTMENT 
      OF DEFENSE TO SUPPORT AGENCIES OF STATES, TERRITORIES, AND THE 
      FEDERAL GOVERNMENT.
    (a) Report Required.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense, in consultation with 
the Chief of the National Guard Bureau, shall submit to the Committees 
on Armed Services of the House of Representatives and the Senate a 
report regarding the requirements, policies, and procedures governing 
the use of manned and unmanned aerial systems of the Department of 
Defense to support State and Federal agencies.
    (b) Elements.--The report under subsection (a) shall include the 
following:
        (1) A description of requirements for providing support to 
    State and Federal agencies that the Secretary considers appropriate 
    for planning, programming and budgeting resources.
        (2) A description of manned and unmanned aerial systems that 
    the Secretary regularly provides to support State and Federal 
    agencies, including examples of support provided, and length of 
    time to approve requests.
        (3) A list of requests for such aerial systems from State and 
    Federal agencies during fiscal year 2019 that the Secretary denied 
    and the reason each such request was disapproved.
        (4) An overview of current policies and procedures governing 
    the use of such aerial systems by States and Federal agencies, 
    including--
            (A) procedures a State or Federal agency must follow to 
        obtain use of such aerial systems for natural disasters and 
        search and rescue operations;
            (B) the typical amount of time needed to process such 
        requests, and whether such procedures can be streamlined; and
            (C) to what extent different policies and procedures apply 
        to unmanned aerial systems versus manned aerial systems.
        (5) A description of the different categories of unmanned 
    aerial systems of the Department of Defense, how such categories 
    are managed, and whether the criteria for such categories affect 
    the ability of the Secretary to use unmanned aerial systems to 
    support State or Federal agencies.
        (6) An explanation of any restrictions on the use of such 
    unmanned aerial systems under--
            (A) the ``Guidance for the Domestic Use of Unmanned 
        Aircraft Systems in U.S. National Airspace'', dated August 18, 
        2018;
            (B) Department of Defense Instruction 3025.18 ``Defense 
        Support to Civil Authorities''; and
            (C) other relevant guidance of the Department of Defense.
        (7) Whether restrictions described in paragraph (6) apply 
    differently to regular members of the Armed Forces serving on 
    active duty and to members of the National Guard.
        (8) Whether members of the National Guard may operate the 
    different categories of such unmanned aerial systems when operating 
    under section 502(f) of title 32, United States Code.
        (9) An analysis of how the Secretary may improve access to and 
    knowledge of States and Federal agencies regarding the availability 
    of such unmanned aerial systems and related request procedures.
        (10) Whether--
            (A) the Secretary has been unable to provide an unmanned 
        aerial system to support to a State agency at the request of 
        such State agency; and
            (B) the Secretary has plans to make more unmanned aerial 
        systems available to fulfil such requests.
        (11) Any other matters the Secretary determines appropriate.
    (c) Form.--The report required by subsection (a) shall be submitted 
in unclassified form, but may include a classified annex.
    (d) State Defined.--In this section, the term ``State'' has the 
meaning given that term in section 901 of title 32, United States Code.
    SEC. 599. INFORMATION FOR MEMBERS OF THE ARMED FORCES ON 
      AVAILABILITY OF SERVICES OF THE DEPARTMENT OF VETERANS AFFAIRS 
      RELATING TO SEXUAL TRAUMA.
    (a) In General.--The Secretary of Defense shall inform members of 
the Armed Forces, using mechanisms available to the Secretary, of the 
eligibility of such members for services of the Department of Veterans 
Affairs relating to sexual trauma.
    (b) Information From Sexual Assault Response Coordinators.--The 
Secretary of Defense shall ensure--
        (1) that Sexual Assault Response Coordinators and uniformed 
    victims advocates of the Department of Defense advise members of 
    the Armed Forces who report instances of sexual trauma regarding 
    the eligibility of such members for services at the Department of 
    Veterans Affairs; and
        (2) that such information is included in mandatory training 
    materials.
    (c) Sexual Trauma Defined.--In this section, the term ``sexual 
trauma'' means psychological trauma described in section 1720D(a)(1) of 
title 38, United States Code.
SEC. 599A. AUTHORITY TO ISSUE AN HONORARY PROMOTION TO COLONEL CHARLES 
E. MCGEE, UNITED STATES AIR FORCE (RET.), TO THE GRADE OF BRIGADIER 
GENERAL.
    (a) In General.--Pursuant to section 1563 of title 10, United 
States Code, the President may issue to Colonel Charles E. McGee, 
United States Air Force (retired), a distinguished Tuskegee Airman, an 
honorary promotion to the grade of brigadier general.
    (b) Additional Benefits Not to Accrue.--The advancement of Charles 
E. McGee on the retired list of the Air Force under subsection (a) 
shall not affect the retired pay or other benefits from the United 
States to which Charles E. McGee is entitled based upon his military 
service, or affect any benefits to which any other person is or may 
become entitled based on such military service.
SEC. 599B. AUTHORITY TO ISSUE AN HONORARY AND POSTHUMOUS PROMOTION TO 
LIEUTENANT COLONEL RICHARD COLE, UNITED STATES AIR FORCE (RET.), TO THE 
GRADE OF COLONEL.
    (a) In General.--Pursuant to section 1563 of title 10, United 
States Code, the President may issue to Lieutenant Colonel Richard E. 
Cole, United States Air Force (retired), an honorary and posthumous 
promotion to the grade of colonel.
    (b) Additional Benefits Not to Accrue.--The advancement of Richard 
E. Cole on the retired list of the Air Force under subsection (a) shall 
not affect the retired pay or other benefits from the United States to 
which Richard E. Cole would have been entitled based upon his military 
service, or affect any benefits to which any other person is or may 
become entitled based on such military service.
SEC. 599C. SENSE OF CONGRESS ON THE HONORABLE AND DISTINGUISHED SERVICE 
OF GENERAL JOSEPH F. DUNFORD, UNITED STATES MARINE CORPS, TO THE UNITED 
STATES.
    It is the sense of Congress that--
        (1) the United States deeply appreciates the decades of 
    honorable service of General Joseph F. Dunford, United States 
    Marine Corps; and
        (2) the indispensable leadership of General Dunford and his 
    dedication to the men and women of the Armed Forces demonstrates 
    the finest example of service to the United States.

                    TITLE VI--MILITARY COMPENSATION

                     Subtitle A--Pay and Allowances

Sec. 601. Clarification of continuation of pays during hospitalization 
          and rehabilitation resulting from wounds, injury, or illness 
          incurred while on duty in a hostile fire area or exposed to an 
          event of hostile fire or other hostile action.
Sec. 602. Continued entitlements while a member of the Armed Forces 
          participates in a career intermission program.
Sec. 603. Exemption from repayment of voluntary separation pay.
Sec. 604. Consideration of service on active duty to reduce age of 
          eligibility for retired pay for non-regular service.
Sec. 605. Temporary adjustment of rates of basic allowance for housing 
          following determination that local civilian housing costs 
          significantly differ from such rates.
Sec. 606. Reinvestment of travel refunds by the Department of Defense.
Sec. 607. Addition of partial dislocation allowance to allowable travel 
          and transportation expenses for servicemembers.
Sec. 608. Reductions on account of earnings from work performed while 
          entitled to an annuity supplement.
Sec. 609. Increase in basic pay.

             Subtitle B--Bonuses and Special Incentive Pays

Sec. 611. One-year extension of certain expiring bonus and special pay 
          authorities.

                Subtitle C--Family and Survivor Benefits

Sec. 621. Expansion of eligibility for exceptional transitional 
          compensation for dependents to dependents of current members.
Sec. 622. Phase-out of reduction of Survivor Benefit Plan survivor 
          annuities by amount of dependency and indemnity compensation.
Sec. 623. Death gratuity for ROTC graduates.
Sec. 624. Expansion of authority to provide financial assistance to 
          civilian providers of child care services or youth program 
          services who provide such services to survivors of members of 
          the Armed Forces who die in combat in the line of duty.
Sec. 625. Casualty assistance for survivors of deceased ROTC graduates.

                   Subtitle D--Defense Resale Matters

Sec. 631. Defense resale system matters.
Sec. 632. Procurement by commissary stores of certain locally sourced 
          products.
Sec. 633. GAO review of defense resale optimization study.

         Subtitle E--Morale, Welfare, and Recreation Privileges

Sec. 641. Extension of certain morale, welfare, and recreation 
          privileges to Foreign Service officers on mandatory home 
          leave.
Sec. 642. Extension of pilot program on a Government lodging program.

                  Subtitle F--Reports and Other Matters

Sec. 651. Annual reports on approval of employment or compensation of 
          retired general or flag officers by foreign governments for 
          emoluments clause purposes.
Sec. 652. Report regarding transition from overseas housing allowance to 
          basic allowance for housing for servicemembers in the 
          territories.
Sec. 653. Report on extension to members of the reserve components of 
          the Armed Forces of special and incentive pays for members of 
          the Armed Forces not currently payable to members of the 
          reserve components.
Sec. 654. Study regarding recoupment of separation pay, special 
          separation benefits, and voluntary separation incentive 
          payments from members of the Armed Forces and veterans who 
          receive disability compensation under laws administered by the 
          Secretary of Veterans Affairs.
Sec. 655. Report on implementation of contributions to the Department of 
          Defense Military Retirement Fund based on pay costs per Armed 
          Force rather than on Armed Forces-wide basis.
Sec. 656. Report on food insecurity among members of the Armed Forces 
          and their dependents.

                     Subtitle A--Pay and Allowances

    SEC. 601. CLARIFICATION OF CONTINUATION OF PAYS DURING 
      HOSPITALIZATION AND REHABILITATION RESULTING FROM WOUNDS, INJURY, 
      OR ILLNESS INCURRED WHILE ON DUTY IN A HOSTILE FIRE AREA OR 
      EXPOSED TO AN EVENT OF HOSTILE FIRE OR OTHER HOSTILE ACTION.
    Section 372(b)(1) of title 37, United States Code, is amended to 
read as follows:
        ``(1) The date on which the member is returned for assignment 
    to other than a medical or patient unit for duty; however, in the 
    case of a member under the jurisdiction of a Secretary of a 
    military department, the date on which the member is determined fit 
    for duty.''.
    SEC. 602. CONTINUED ENTITLEMENTS WHILE A MEMBER OF THE ARMED FORCES 
      PARTICIPATES IN A CAREER INTERMISSION PROGRAM.
    Section 710(h) of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
        (1) in paragraph (1), by striking ``; and'' and inserting a 
    semicolon;
        (2) in paragraph (2), by striking the period and inserting a 
    semicolon; and
        (3) by adding at the end the following new paragraphs:
        ``(3) the entitlement of the member and of the survivors of the 
    member to all death benefits under the provisions of chapter 75 of 
    this title;
        ``(4) the provision of all travel and transportation allowances 
    for the survivors of deceased members to attend burial ceremonies 
    under section 481f of title 37; and
        ``(5) the eligibility of the member for general benefits as 
    provided in part II of title 38.''.
    SEC. 603. EXEMPTION FROM REPAYMENT OF VOLUNTARY SEPARATION PAY.
    Section 1175a(j) of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
        (1) in paragraph (1), by striking ``paragraphs (2) and (3)'' 
    and inserting ``paragraphs (2), (3), and (4)'';
        (2) by redesignating paragraph (4) as paragraph (5); and
        (3) by inserting after paragraph (3) the following new 
    paragraph:
    ``(4) This subsection shall not apply to a member who--
        ``(A) is involuntarily recalled to active duty or full-time 
    National Guard duty; and
        ``(B) in the course of such duty, incurs a service-connected 
    disability rated as total under section 1155 of title 38.''.
    SEC. 604. CONSIDERATION OF SERVICE ON ACTIVE DUTY TO REDUCE AGE OF 
      ELIGIBILITY FOR RETIRED PAY FOR NON-REGULAR SERVICE.
    Section 12731(f)(2)(B)(i) of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended by striking ``under a provision of law referred to in section 
101(a)(13)(B) or under section 12301(d)'' and inserting ``under section 
12301(d) or 12304b of this title, or under a provision of law referred 
to in section 101(a)(13)(B)''.
    SEC. 605. TEMPORARY ADJUSTMENT OF RATES OF BASIC ALLOWANCE FOR 
      HOUSING FOLLOWING DETERMINATION THAT LOCAL CIVILIAN HOUSING COSTS 
      SIGNIFICANTLY DIFFER FROM SUCH RATES.
    Section 403(b) of title 37, United States Code, is amended by 
adding at the end the following new paragraph:
    ``(8)(A) The Secretary of Defense may prescribe a temporary 
adjustment in the current rates of basic allowance for housing for a 
military housing area or a portion thereof (in this paragraph, `BAH 
rates') if the Secretary determines that the actual costs of adequate 
housing for civilians in that military housing area or portion thereof 
differs from the current BAH rates by more than 20 percent.
    ``(B) Any temporary adjustment in BAH rates under this paragraph 
shall remain in effect only until the effective date of the first 
adjustment of BAH rates for the affected military housing area that 
occurs after the date of the adjustment under this paragraph.
    ``(C) This paragraph shall cease to be effective on September 30, 
2022.''.
    SEC. 606. REINVESTMENT OF TRAVEL REFUNDS BY THE DEPARTMENT OF 
      DEFENSE.
    (a) Refunds for Official Travel.--Subchapter I of chapter 8 of 
title 37, United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the 
following new section:
``Sec. 456. Managed travel program refunds
    ``(a) Credit of Refunds.--The Secretary of Defense may credit 
refunds attributable to Department of Defense managed travel programs 
as a direct result of official travel to such operation and maintenance 
or research, development, test, and evaluation accounts of the 
Department as designated by the Secretary that are available for 
obligation for the fiscal year in which the refund or amount is 
collected.
    ``(b) Use of Refunds.--Refunds credited under subsection (a) may 
only be used for official travel or operations and efficiency 
improvements for improved financial management of official travel.
    ``(c) Definitions.--In this section:
        ``(1) Managed travel program.--The term `managed travel 
    program' includes air, rental car, train, bus, dining, lodging, and 
    travel management, but does not include rebates or refunds 
    attributable to the use of the Government travel card, the 
    Government Purchase Card, or Government travel arranged by 
    Government Contracted Travel Management Centers.
        ``(2) Refund.--The term `refund' includes miscellaneous 
    receipts credited to the Department identified as a refund, rebate, 
    repayment, or other similar amounts collected.''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning of 
chapter 8 of such title is amended by inserting after the item relating 
to section 455 the following new item:

``456. Managed travel program refunds.''.

    (c) Clarification on Retention of Travel Promotional Items.--
Section 1116(a) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 2002 (Public Law 107-107; 5 U.S.C. 5702 note) is amended--
        (1) by striking ``Definition.--In this section, the term'' and 
    inserting the following: ``Definitions.--In this section:
        ``(1) The term''; and
        (2) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
        ``(2) The term `general public' includes the Federal Government 
    or an agency.''.
    SEC. 607. ADDITION OF PARTIAL DISLOCATION ALLOWANCE TO ALLOWABLE 
      TRAVEL AND TRANSPORTATION EXPENSES FOR SERVICEMEMBERS.
    (a) Current Authority.--Section 477(f)(1) of title 37, United 
States Code, is amended by striking ``family''.
    (b) Future Authority.--Section 452(c) of title 37, United States 
Code, is amended--
        (1) by redesignating paragraph (3) as paragraph (4); and
        (2) by inserting after paragraph (2) the following new 
    paragraph (3):
        ``(3) A partial dislocation allowance paid to a member ordered 
    to occupy or vacate housing provided by the United States.''.
    SEC. 608. REDUCTIONS ON ACCOUNT OF EARNINGS FROM WORK PERFORMED 
      WHILE ENTITLED TO AN ANNUITY SUPPLEMENT.
    Section 8421a(c) of title 5, United States Code, is amended--
        (1) by striking ``full-time as an air traffic control 
    instructor'' and inserting ``as an air traffic control instructor, 
    or supervisor thereof,''; and
        (2) by inserting ``or supervisor'' after ``an instructor''.
    SEC. 609. INCREASE IN BASIC PAY.
    Effective on January 1, 2020, the rates of monthly basic pay for 
members of the uniformed services are increased by 3.1 percent.

             Subtitle B--Bonuses and Special Incentive Pays

    SEC. 611. ONE-YEAR EXTENSION OF CERTAIN EXPIRING BONUS AND SPECIAL 
      PAY AUTHORITIES.
    (a) Authorities Relating To Reserve Forces.--Section 910(g) of 
title 37, United States Code, relating to income replacement payments 
for reserve component members experiencing extended and frequent 
mobilization for active duty service, is amended by striking ``December 
31, 2019'' and inserting ``December 31, 2020''.
    (b) Title 10 Authorities Relating to Health Care Professionals.--
The following sections of title 10, United States Code, are amended by 
striking ``December 31, 2019'' and inserting ``December 31, 2020'':
        (1) Section 2130a(a)(1), relating to nurse officer candidate 
    accession program.
        (2) Section 16302(d), relating to repayment of education loans 
    for certain health professionals who serve in the Selected Reserve.
    (c) Authorities Relating to Nuclear Officers.--Section 333(i) of 
title 37, United States Code, is amended by striking ``December 31, 
2019'' and inserting ``December 31, 2020''.
    (d) Authorities Relating to Title 37 Consolidated Special Pay, 
Incentive Pay, and Bonus Authorities.--The following sections of title 
37, United States Code, are amended by striking ``December 31, 2019'' 
and inserting ``December 31, 2020'':
        (1) Section 331(h), relating to general bonus authority for 
    enlisted members.
        (2) Section 332(g), relating to general bonus authority for 
    officers.
        (3) Section 334(i), relating to special aviation incentive pay 
    and bonus authorities for officers.
        (4) Section 335(k), relating to special bonus and incentive pay 
    authorities for officers in health professions.
        (5) Section 336(g), relating to contracting bonus for cadets 
    and midshipmen enrolled in the Senior Reserve Officers' Training 
    Corps.
        (6) Section 351(h), relating to hazardous duty pay.
        (7) Section 352(g), relating to assignment pay or special duty 
    pay.
        (8) Section 353(i), relating to skill incentive pay or 
    proficiency bonus.
        (9) Section 355(h), relating to retention incentives for 
    members qualified in critical military skills or assigned to high 
    priority units.
    (e) Authority to Provide Temporary Increase in Rates of Basic 
Allowance for Housing.--Section 403(b)(7)(E) of title 37, United States 
Code, is amended by striking ``December 31, 2019'' and inserting 
``December 31, 2020''.

                Subtitle C--Family and Survivor Benefits

    SEC. 621. EXPANSION OF ELIGIBILITY FOR EXCEPTIONAL TRANSITIONAL 
      COMPENSATION FOR DEPENDENTS TO DEPENDENTS OF CURRENT MEMBERS.
    Section 1059(m) of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
        (1) in the subsection heading, by inserting ``Members or'' 
    after ``Dependents of'';
        (2) by inserting ``member or'' before ``former member'' each 
    place it appears;
        (3) by redesignating paragraph (3) as paragraph (4); and
        (4) by inserting after paragraph (2) the following new 
    paragraph (3):
    ``(3) For purposes of the provision of benefits under this section 
pursuant to this subsection, a member shall be considered separated 
from active duty upon the earliest of--
        ``(A) the date an administrative separation is initiated by a 
    commander of the member;
        ``(B) the date the court-martial sentence is adjudged if the 
    sentence, as adjudged, includes a dismissal, dishonorable 
    discharge, bad conduct discharge, or forfeiture of all pay and 
    allowances; or
        ``(C) the date the member's term of service expires.''.
    SEC. 622. PHASE-OUT OF REDUCTION OF SURVIVOR BENEFIT PLAN SURVIVOR 
      ANNUITIES BY AMOUNT OF DEPENDENCY AND INDEMNITY COMPENSATION.
    (a) Phase-out.--Subchapter II of chapter 73 of title 10, United 
States Code, is amended as follows:
        (1) In general.--In section 1450(c)(1)--
            (A) by striking ``that the annuity otherwise payable under 
        this section would exceed that compensation.'' and inserting 
        ``calculated as follows:''; and
            (B) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(A) During the period beginning on January 1, 2020, and 
        ending on December 31, 2020, the amount that the annuity 
        otherwise payable under this section would exceed such 
        dependency and indemnity compensation.
            ``(B) During the period beginning on January 1, 2021, and 
        ending on December 31, 2021, the amount that the annuity 
        otherwise payable under this section would exceed two-thirds of 
        such dependency and indemnity compensation.
            ``(C) During the period beginning on January 1, 2022, and 
        ending on December 31, 2022, the amount that the annuity 
        otherwise payable under this section would exceed one-third of 
        such dependency and indemnity compensation.
            ``(D) On and after January 1, 2023, the full amount of the 
        annuity under this section.''.
        (2) Conforming amendment.--In section 1451(c)(2), by inserting 
    ``a portion (calculated under section 1450(c) of this title) of'' 
    before ``the amount''.
    (b) Prohibition on Retroactive Benefits.--No benefits may be paid 
to any person for any period before the effective date provided under 
subsection (f) by reason of the amendments made by subsection (a).
    (c) Prohibition on Recoupment of Certain Amounts Previously 
Refunded to SBP Recipients.--A surviving spouse who is or has been in 
receipt of an annuity under the Survivor Benefit Plan under subchapter 
II of chapter 73 of title 10, United States Code, that is in effect 
before the effective date provided under subsection (f) and that is 
adjusted by reason of the amendments made by subsection (a) and who has 
received a refund of retired pay under section 1450(e) of title 10, 
United States Code, shall not be required to repay such refund to the 
United States.
    (d) Repeal of Authority for Optional Annuity for Dependent 
Children.--Section 1448(d)(2) of such title is amended--
        (1) by striking ``Dependent children.--'' and all that follows 
    through ``In the case of a member described in paragraph (1),'' and 
    inserting ``Dependent children.--In the case of a member described 
    in paragraph (1),''; and
        (2) by striking subparagraph (B).
    (e) Restoration of Eligibility for Previously Eligible Spouses.--
The Secretary of the military department concerned shall restore 
annuity eligibility to any eligible surviving spouse who, in 
consultation with the Secretary, previously elected to transfer payment 
of such annuity to a surviving child or children under the provisions 
of section 1448(d)(2)(B) of title 10, United States Code, as in effect 
on the day before the effective date provided under subsection (f). 
Such eligibility shall be restored whether or not payment to such child 
or children subsequently was terminated due to loss of dependent status 
or death. For the purposes of this subsection, an eligible spouse 
includes a spouse who was previously eligible for payment of such 
annuity and is not remarried, or remarried after having attained age 
55, or whose second or subsequent marriage has been terminated by 
death, divorce or annulment.
    (f) Effective Date.--This section and the amendments made by this 
section shall take effect on the first day of the first month that 
begins after the date of the enactment of this Act, except subsections 
(d) and (e) of this section and the amendments made thereby shall take 
effect on January 1, 2023.
    SEC. 623. DEATH GRATUITY FOR ROTC GRADUATES.
    (a) In General.--Section 1475(a)(4) of title 10, United States 
Code, is amended by adding ``; or a graduate of a reserve officers' 
training corps who has received a commission but has yet to receive a 
first duty assignment; or'' at the end.
    (b) Effective Date.--The amendment under subsection (a) applies to 
deaths that occur on or after the date of the enactment of this Act.
    SEC. 624. EXPANSION OF AUTHORITY TO PROVIDE FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE TO 
      CIVILIAN PROVIDERS OF CHILD CARE SERVICES OR YOUTH PROGRAM 
      SERVICES WHO PROVIDE SUCH SERVICES TO SURVIVORS OF MEMBERS OF THE 
      ARMED FORCES WHO DIE IN COMBAT IN THE LINE OF DUTY.
    Section 1798(a) of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
inserting ``, survivors of members of the armed forces who die in 
combat-related incidents in the line of duty,'' after ``armed forces''.
    SEC. 625. CASUALTY ASSISTANCE FOR SURVIVORS OF DECEASED ROTC 
      GRADUATES.
    Section 633 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 2014 (10 U.S.C. 1475 note) is amended by adding at the end the 
following new subsection:
    ``(c) ROTC Graduates.--
        ``(1) Treated as members.--For purposes of this section, a 
    graduate of a reserve officers' training corps who receives a 
    commission and who dies before receiving a first duty assignment 
    shall be treated as a member of the Armed Forces who dies while on 
    active duty.
        ``(2) Effective date.--This subsection applies to deaths on or 
    after the date of the enactment of the National Defense 
    Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2020.''.

                   Subtitle D--Defense Resale Matters

    SEC. 631. DEFENSE RESALE SYSTEM MATTERS.
    (a) In General.--The Under Secretary of Defense for Personnel and 
Readiness shall, in coordination with the Chief Management Officer of 
the Department of Defense, maintain oversight of business 
transformation efforts of the defense commissary system and the 
exchange stores system in order to ensure the following:
        (1) Development of an intercomponent business strategy that 
    maximizes efficiencies and results in a viable defense resale 
    system in the future.
        (2) Preservation of patron savings and satisfaction from and in 
    the defense commissary system and exchange stores system.
        (3) Sustainment of financial support of the defense commissary 
    and exchange systems for morale, welfare, and recreation (MWR) 
    services of the Armed Forces.
    (b) Executive Resale Board Advice on Operations of Systems.--The 
Executive Resale Board of the Department of Defense shall advise the 
Under Secretary on the implementation of sustainable, complementary 
operations of the defense commissary system and the exchange stores 
system.
    (c) Information Technology Modernization.--The Secretary of Defense 
shall, acting through the Under Secretary and with advice from the 
Executive Resale Board, require the Defense Commissary Agency and the 
Military Exchange Service to do as follows:
        (1) Field new technologies and best business practices for 
    information technology for the defense resale system.
        (2) Implement cutting-edge marketing opportunities across the 
    defense resale system.
    (d) Inclusion of Advertising in Operating Expenses of Commissary 
Stores.--Section 2483(b) of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
adding at the end the following paragraph:
        ``(7) Advertising of commissary sales on materials available 
    within commissary stores and at other on-base locations.''.
    SEC. 632. PROCUREMENT BY COMMISSARY STORES OF CERTAIN LOCALLY 
      SOURCED PRODUCTS.
    The Secretary of Defense shall ensure that the dairy products and 
fruits and vegetables procured for commissary stores under the defense 
commissary system are, to the extent practicable and while maintaining 
mandated patron savings, locally sourced in order to ensure the 
availability of the freshest possible dairy products and fruits and 
vegetables for patrons of the stores.
    SEC. 633. GAO REVIEW OF DEFENSE RESALE OPTIMIZATION STUDY.
    (a) Review.--The Comptroller General of the United States shall 
conduct a review of the business case analysis performed as part of the 
defense resale optimization study conducted by the Reform Management 
Group, titled ``Study to Determine the Feasibility of Consolidation of 
the Defense Resale Entities'' and dated December 4, 2018.
    (b) Reports Required; Elements.--Not later than March 1, 2020, and 
June 1, 2020, the Comptroller General shall submit to the Committees on 
Armed Services of the Senate and the House of Representatives an 
interim report and a final report, respectively, regarding the review 
performed under this section. Each report shall include evaluations of 
the following:
        (1) The descriptions and justifications for the assumptions, 
    analytical choices and data used by the Reform Management Group to 
    calculate:
            (A) Pricing.
            (B) Sales assumptions.
            (C) Accuracy of methods employed to measure patron savings 
        levels.
        (2) The timetable for consolidation of military exchanges and 
    commissaries.
        (3) The recommendations for consolidation developed as part of 
    the business case analysis, including the overall cost of 
    consolidation.
        (4) The budget and oversight implications of merging non-
    appropriated funds and appropriated funds to implement the 
    recommended reforms.
        (5) The extent to which the Reform Management Group coordinated 
    with the Secretaries of the military departments and the chiefs of 
    the Armed Forces in preparing the study.
        (6) The extent to which the Reform Management Group addressed 
    concerns of the Secretaries of the military departments and the 
    chiefs of the Armed Forces in the study.
        (7) If the recommendations in the business case analysis were 
    implemented--
            (A) the ability of military exchanges and commissaries to 
        provide earnings to support on-base morale, welfare, and 
        recreation programs; and
            (B) the financial viability of the military exchanges and 
        commissaries.
    (c) Delay on Consolidation.--The Secretary of Defense may not take 
any action to consolidate military exchanges and commissaries until the 
Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of 
Representatives notify the Secretary in writing of receipt and 
acceptance of the findings of the Comptroller General in the reports 
required under this section.

         Subtitle E--Morale, Welfare, and Recreation Privileges

    SEC. 641. EXTENSION OF CERTAIN MORALE, WELFARE, AND RECREATION 
      PRIVILEGES TO FOREIGN SERVICE OFFICERS ON MANDATORY HOME LEAVE.
    (a) In General.--Section 1065 of title 10, United States Code, as 
added by section 621 of the John S. McCain National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2019 (Public Law 115-232), is 
amended--
        (1) in the heading, by striking ``veterans and caregivers for 
    veterans'' and inserting ``veterans, caregivers for veterans, and 
    Foreign Service officers'';
        (2) by redesignating subsections (f) and (g) as subsections (g) 
    and (h), respectively;
        (3) by inserting after subsection (e) the following new 
    subsection (f):
    ``(f) Eligibility of Foreign Service Officers on Mandatory Home 
Leave.--A Foreign Service officer on mandatory home leave may be 
permitted to use military lodging referred to in subsection (h).''; and
        (4) in subsection (h), as redesignated by paragraph (2), by 
    adding at the end the following new paragraphs:
        ``(5) The term `Foreign Service officer' has the meaning given 
    that term in section 103 of the Foreign Service Act of 1980 (22 
    U.S.C. 3903).
        ``(6) The term `mandatory home leave' means leave under section 
    903 of the Foreign Service Act of 1980 (22 U.S.C. 4083).''.
    (b) Effective Date.--The amendments made by this section shall take 
effect on January 1, 2020, as if originally incorporated in section 621 
of Public Law 115-232.
    SEC. 642. EXTENSION OF PILOT PROGRAM ON A GOVERNMENT LODGING 
      PROGRAM.
    Section 914(b) of the Carl Levin and Howard P. ``Buck'' McKeon 
National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2015 (5 U.S.C. 5911 
note) is amended by striking ``December 31, 2019'' and inserting 
``December 31, 2020''.

                 Subtitle F--Reports and Other Matters

    SEC. 651. ANNUAL REPORTS ON APPROVAL OF EMPLOYMENT OR COMPENSATION 
      OF RETIRED GENERAL OR FLAG OFFICERS BY FOREIGN GOVERNMENTS FOR 
      EMOLUMENTS CLAUSE PURPOSES.
    (a) Annual Reports.--Section 908 of title 37, United States Code is 
amended--
        (1) by redesignating subsection (c) as subsection (d); and
        (2) by inserting after subsection (b) the following new 
    subsection (c):
    ``(c) Annual Reports on Approvals for Retired General and Flag 
Officers.--Not later than January 31 each year, the Secretaries of the 
military departments, after consulting with the Secretary of State, 
shall jointly submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate 
and House of Representatives a report on each approval under subsection 
(b) for employment or compensation described in subsection (a) for a 
retired member of the armed forces in general or flag officer grade 
that was issued during the preceding year.''.
    (b) Scope of First Report.--The first report submitted pursuant to 
subsection (c) of section 908 of title 37, United States Code (as 
amended by subsection (a) of this section), after the date of the 
enactment of this Act shall cover the five-year period ending with the 
year before the year in which such report is submitted.
    SEC. 652. REPORT REGARDING TRANSITION FROM OVERSEAS HOUSING 
      ALLOWANCE TO BASIC ALLOWANCE FOR HOUSING FOR SERVICEMEMBERS IN 
      THE TERRITORIES.
    Not later than February 1, 2020, the Secretary of Defense shall 
submit a report to the congressional defense committees regarding the 
recommendation of the Secretary whether members of the uniformed 
services located in the territories of the United States and who 
receive the overseas housing allowance should instead receive the basic 
allowance for housing to ensure the most appropriate housing 
compensation for such members and their families.
    SEC. 653. REPORT ON EXTENSION TO MEMBERS OF THE RESERVE COMPONENTS 
      OF THE ARMED FORCES OF SPECIAL AND INCENTIVE PAYS FOR MEMBERS OF 
      THE ARMED FORCES NOT CURRENTLY PAYABLE TO MEMBERS OF THE RESERVE 
      COMPONENTS.
    (a) Report Required.--Not later than one year after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the 
congressional defense committees a report setting forth the results of 
a study, conducted by the Secretary for purposes of the report, on the 
feasability and advisability of paying eligible members of the reserve 
components of the Armed Forces any special or incentive pay for members 
of the Armed Forces that is not currently payable to members of the 
reserve components.
    (b) Elements.--The report required by subsection (a) shall set 
forth the following:
        (1) An estimate of the yearly cost of paying members of the 
    reserve components risk pay and flight pay under sections 334, 
    334a, and 351 of title 37, United States Code, at the same rate as 
    members on active duty, regardless of the number of periods of 
    instruction or appropriate duty participated in, so long as there 
    is at least one such period of instruction or appropriate duty in 
    the month.
        (2) A statement of the number of members of the reserve 
    components who qualify or potentially qualify for hazardous duty 
    incentive pay based on current professions or required duties, 
    broken out by hazardous duty categories set forth in section 351 of 
    title 37, United States Code.
        (3) If the Secretary determines that payment to eligible 
    members of the reserve components of any special or incentive pay 
    for members of the Armed Forces that is not currently payable to 
    members of the reserve components is feasible and advisable, such 
    recommendations as the Secretary considers appropriate for 
    legislative or administrative action to authorize such payment.
    SEC. 654. STUDY REGARDING RECOUPMENT OF SEPARATION PAY, SPECIAL 
      SEPARATION BENEFITS, AND VOLUNTARY SEPARATION INCENTIVE PAYMENTS 
      FROM MEMBERS OF THE ARMED FORCES AND VETERANS WHO RECEIVE 
      DISABILITY COMPENSATION UNDER LAWS ADMINISTERED BY THE SECRETARY 
      OF VETERANS AFFAIRS.
    (a) Study.--The Secretary of Defense, in consultation with the 
Secretary of Veterans Affairs, shall conduct a study to determine, with 
regards to members of the Armed Forces and veterans whose separation 
pay, special separation benefits, and voluntary separation incentive 
payments either Secretary recoups because such members and veterans 
subsequently receive disability compensation under laws administered by 
the Secretary of Veterans Affairs--
        (1) how many such members and veterans are affected by such 
    recoupment; and
        (2) the aggregated amount of additional money such members and 
    veterans would receive but for such recoupment.
    (b) Report Required.--Not later than September 30, 2020, the 
Secretary of Defense shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services 
and Veterans' Affairs of the Senate and House of Representatives a 
report regarding the results of the study under subsection (a).
    SEC. 655. REPORT ON IMPLEMENTATION OF CONTRIBUTIONS TO THE 
      DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE MILITARY RETIREMENT FUND BASED ON PAY COSTS 
      PER ARMED FORCE RATHER THAN ON ARMED FORCES-WIDE BASIS.
    (a) Report Required.--
        (1) In general.--Not later than April 1, 2020, the Secretary of 
    Defense shall, in consultation with the Secretaries of the military 
    departments, submit to the congressional defense committees a 
    report setting forth a plan for the implementation of the 
    amendments described in paragraph (2) as if such amendments would 
    apply with respect to determinations of contributions to the 
    Department of Defense Military Retirement Fund under chapter 74 of 
    title 10, United States Code, and payments into the Fund, beginning 
    with fiscal year 2025.
        (2) Covered amendments.--The amendments described in this 
    paragraph are the amendments proposed to be made by section 631 of 
    S.1790 of the 116th Congress, as reported to the Senate by the 
    Committee on Armed Services of the Senate on June 11, 2019.
    (b) Elements.--The report required by subsection (a) shall include 
the following:
        (1) A plan to implement the amendments described in paragraph 
    (2) of subsection (a) in the manner described in paragraph (1) of 
    that subsection.
        (2) A timeline for actions required to implement such 
    amendments in that manner.
        (3) An assessment of the impact of the implementation of such 
    amendments in that manner on each of the following:
            (A) The budgeting of the military departments.
            (B) The efforts of the Department of Defense to achieve 
        audits of its financial statements.
            (C) Decisions on military manning of the Armed Forces.
            (D) The cost and complexity of tracking contributions to 
        the Department of Defense Military Retirement Fund.
    SEC. 656. REPORT ON FOOD INSECURITY AMONG MEMBERS OF THE ARMED 
      FORCES AND THEIR DEPENDENTS.
    (a) Report Required.--Not later than May 1, 2020, the Secretary of 
Defense shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate 
and the House of Representatives a report on food insecurity among 
members of the Armed Forces and their dependents.
    (b) Elements.--The report required by subsection (a) shall include 
the following:
        (1) An assessment of the current extent of food insecurity 
    among members of the Armed Forces and their dependents, including a 
    description and analysis of the following:
            (A) Use of food assistance by members and their dependents, 
        as revealed in data of the Department of Defense and other data 
        available to the Department.
            (B) Use of free and reduced price school meals by 
        dependents.
            (C) Use of food banks or similar assistance by members and 
        their dependents.
        (2) A description and assessment of the barriers, if any, to 
    qualification for or access to adequate food assistance of any type 
    by members of the Armed Forces and their dependents.
        (3) A description of the number of members of the Armed Forces 
    overseas who enrolled in the Family Supplemental Subsistence 
    Allowance (FSSA) program under section 402a of title 37, United 
    States Code, during the five-fiscal year period ending with fiscal 
    year 2019, and of the cost to the Department of such enrollment 
    during each fiscal year concerned.
        (4) An assessment of the effectiveness of the Family 
    Supplemental Subsistence Allowance program for members of the Armed 
    Forces overseas.
        (5) A description and assessment of the participation of 
    members of the Armed Forces in the Supplemental Nutrition 
    Assistance Program (SNAP), including with respect to the following:
            (A) Coordination between the Department of Defense and the 
        Department of Agriculture for purposes of determining the 
        numbers of members currently participating in the program.
            (B) Career stigma for members resulting from participation 
        in the program.
            (C) Adverse consequences for member personal financial 
        management resulting from participation in the program.
            (D) Other support available to and used by members to meet 
        basic needs requirements.
        (6) An assessment of food insecurity among members of the Armed 
    Forces who reside in on-post housing (and thus do not receive basic 
    allowance for housing (BAH)) and their dependents, including 
    eligibility of such members for and participation of such members 
    in the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program.
        (7) An assessment of the feasability and advisability of a 
    basic needs allowance for low-income members of the Armed Forces 
    (including an allowance calculated both with and without basic 
    allowance for housing included in the determination of member gross 
    household income), including with respect to the following:
            (A) The maximum member gross household income for 
        eligibility for the allowance.
            (B) The number of members who would be eligible for the 
        allowance.
            (C) The optimal average annual amount of the allowance.
            (D) The total annual cost of paying the allowance.
            (E) Whether particular geographic locations would include 
        large number of members eligible for the allowance.
            (F) The effects of payment of the allowance on recruitment 
        and retention of members, and on member morale and conduct.
        (8) Any other recommendations for policies, programs, and 
    activities to address food insecurity among members of the Armed 
    Forces and their dependents that the Secretary considers 
    appropriate.

                   TITLE VII--HEALTH CARE PROVISIONS

           Subtitle A--TRICARE and Other Health Care Benefits

Sec. 701. Modification of eligibility for TRICARE Reserve Select for 
          certain members of the Selected Reserve.
Sec. 702. TRICARE payment options for retirees and their dependents.
Sec. 703. Lead level screening and testing for children.
Sec. 704. Exposure to open burn pits and toxic airborne chemicals or 
          other airborne contaminants as part of periodic health 
          assessments and other physical examinations.
Sec. 705. Enhancement of recordkeeping with respect to exposure by 
          members of the Armed Forces to certain occupational and 
          environmental hazards while deployed overseas.
Sec. 706. Modifications to post-deployment mental health assessments for 
          members of the Armed Forces deployed in support of a 
          contingency operation.
Sec. 707. Provision of blood testing for firefighters of Department of 
          Defense to determine exposure to perfluoroalkyl and 
          polyfluoroalkyl substances.

                 Subtitle B--Health Care Administration

Sec. 711. Modification of organization of military health system.
Sec. 712. Support by military health system of medical requirements of 
          combatant commands.
Sec. 713. Requirements for certain prescription drug labels.
Sec. 714. Officers authorized to command Army dental units.
Sec. 715. Improvements to interagency program office of the Department 
          of Defense and the Department of Veterans Affairs.
Sec. 716. Expansion of strategy to improve acquisition of managed care 
          support contracts under TRICARE program.
Sec. 717. Inclusion of blast exposure history in medical records of 
          members of the Armed Forces.
Sec. 718. Comprehensive policy for provision of mental health care to 
          members of the Armed Forces.
Sec. 719. Limitation on the realignment or reduction of military medical 
          manning end strength.
Sec. 720. Strategy to recruit and retain mental health providers.
Sec. 721. Development of partnerships to improve combat casualty care 
          for personnel of the Armed Forces.
Sec. 722. Modification to referrals for mental health services.

                  Subtitle C--Reports and Other Matters

Sec. 731. Authorization of claims by members of the uniformed services 
          against the United States for personal injury or death caused 
          by medical malpractice.
Sec. 732. Extension and clarification of authority for Joint Department 
          of Defense-Department of Veterans Affairs Medical Facility 
          Demonstration Fund.
Sec. 733. Appointment of non-ex officio members of the Henry M. Jackson 
          Foundation for the Advancement of Military Medicine.
Sec. 734. Establishment of Academic Health System in National Capital 
          Region.
Sec. 735. Provision of veterinary services by veterinary professionals 
          of the Department of Defense in emergencies.
Sec. 736. Three-year extension of authority to continue the DOD-VA 
          Health Care Sharing Incentive Fund.
Sec. 737. Preservation of resources of the Army Medical Research and 
          Materiel Command and continuation as Center of Excellence.
Sec. 738. Encouragement of participation in Women's Health Transition 
          Training pilot program.
Sec. 739. National Guard suicide prevention pilot program.
Sec. 740. Pilot Program on civilian and military partnerships to enhance 
          interoperability and medical surge capability and capacity of 
          National Disaster Medical System.
Sec. 741. Reports on suicide among members of the Armed Forces and 
          suicide prevention programs and activities of the Department 
          of Defense.
Sec. 742. Modification of requirements for longitudinal medical study on 
          blast pressure exposure of members of the Armed Forces and 
          collection of exposure information.
Sec. 743. Study and plan on the use of military-civilian integrated 
          health delivery systems.
Sec. 744. Study on case management in the military health system.
Sec. 745. Report on Global Health Security Strategy and the National 
          Biodefense Security.
Sec. 746. Study on establishment of wounded warrior service dog program.
Sec. 747. GAO report on Department of Defense quality assurance program 
          and impacts of medical malpractice actions.
Sec. 748. Reports on Millennium Cohort Study relating to women members 
          of the Armed Forces.
Sec. 749. Study on effects of sleep deprivation on readiness of members 
          of the Armed Forces.
Sec. 750. Study and report on traumatic brain injury mitigation efforts.

           Subtitle A--TRICARE and Other Health Care Benefits

    SEC. 701. MODIFICATION OF ELIGIBILITY FOR TRICARE RESERVE SELECT 
      FOR CERTAIN MEMBERS OF THE SELECTED RESERVE.
    Section 1076d(a)(2) of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
striking ``Paragraph (1) does not apply'' and inserting ``During the 
period preceding January 1, 2030, paragraph (1) does not apply''.
    SEC. 702. TRICARE PAYMENT OPTIONS FOR RETIREES AND THEIR 
      DEPENDENTS.
    (a) In General.--Section 1099 of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended--
        (1) by redesignating subsection (d) as subsection (e); and
        (2) by inserting after subsection (c) the following new 
    subsection (d):
    ``(d) Payment Options.--(1) A member or former member of the 
uniformed services, or a dependent thereof, eligible for medical care 
and dental care under section 1074(b) or 1076 of this title shall pay a 
premium for coverage under this chapter.
    ``(2) To the maximum extent practicable, a premium owed by a 
member, former member, or dependent under paragraph (1) shall be 
withheld from the retired, retainer, or equivalent pay of the member, 
former member, or dependent. In all other cases, a premium shall be 
paid in a frequency and method determined by the Secretary.''.
    (b) Conforming and Clerical Amendments.--
        (1) Conforming amendments.--Section 1097a of title 10, United 
    States Code, is amended--
            (A) by striking subsection (c); and
            (B) by redesignating subsections (d), (e), and (f) as 
        subsections (c), (d), and (e), respectively.
        (2) Heading amendments.--
            (A) Automatic enrollments.--The heading for section 1097a 
        of such title is amended to read as follows:
``Sec. 1097a. TRICARE Prime: automatic enrollments''.
            (B) Enrollment system and payment options.--The heading for 
        section 1099 of such title is amended to read as follows:
``Sec. 1099. Health care enrollment system and payment options''.
        (3) Clerical amendments.--The table of sections at the 
    beginning of chapter 55 of such title is amended--
            (A) by striking the item relating to section 1097a and 
        inserting the following new item:

``1097a. TRICARE Prime: automatic enrollments.''; and

            (B) by striking the item relating to section 1099 and 
        inserting the following new item:

``1099. Health care enrollment system and payment options.''.

    (c) Effective Date.--The amendments made by this section shall 
apply to health care coverage beginning on or after January 1, 2021.
    SEC. 703. LEAD LEVEL SCREENING AND TESTING FOR CHILDREN.
    (a) Comprehensive Screening, Testing, and Reporting Guidelines.--
        (1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense shall establish 
    clinical practice guidelines for health care providers employed by 
    the Department of Defense on screening, testing, and reporting of 
    blood lead levels in children.
        (2) Use of cdc recommendations.--Guidelines established under 
    paragraph (1) shall reflect recommendations made by the Centers for 
    Disease Control and Prevention with respect to the screening, 
    testing, and reporting of blood lead levels in children.
        (3) Dissemination of guidelines.--Not later than one year after 
    the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall 
    disseminate the clinical practice guidelines established under 
    paragraph (1) to health care providers of the Department of 
    Defense.
    (b) Care Provided in Accordance With CDC Guidance.--The Secretary 
shall ensure that any care provided by the Department of Defense to a 
child for an elevated blood lead level shall be carried out in 
accordance with applicable guidance issued by the Centers for Disease 
Control and Prevention.
    (c) Sharing of Results of Testing.--
        (1) In general.--With respect to a child who receives from the 
    Department of Defense a test for an elevated blood lead level--
            (A) the Secretary shall provide the results of the test to 
        the parent or guardian of the child; and
            (B) notwithstanding any requirements for the 
        confidentiality of health information under the Health 
        Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (Public 
        Law 104-191), if the results of the test show an abnormal blood 
        lead level or elevated blood lead level, the Secretary shall 
        provide those results and the address at which the child 
        resides to--
                (i) the relevant health department of the State in 
            which the child resides if the child resides in the United 
            States; or
                (ii) if the child resides outside the United States--

                    (I) the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention;
                    (II) the appropriate authority of the country in 
                which the child resides; and
                    (III) the primary provider of health care for the 
                child for follow-up.

        (2) State defined.--In this subsection, the term ``State'' 
    means each of the several States, the District of Columbia, the 
    Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, and any territory or possession of the 
    United States.
    (d) Report.--Not later than January 1, 2021, the Secretary of 
Defense shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate 
and the House of Representatives a report detailing, with respect to 
the period beginning on the date of the enactment of this Act and 
ending on the date of the report, the following:
        (1) The number of children who were tested by the Department of 
    Defense for the level of lead in the blood of the child, and of 
    such number, the number who were found to have an elevated blood 
    lead level.
        (2) The number of children who were screened by the Department 
    of Defense for an elevated risk of lead exposure.
    (e) Comptroller General Report.--Not later than January 1, 2022, 
the Comptroller General of the United States shall submit to the 
Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of 
Representatives a report on the effectiveness of screening and testing 
for lead exposure and elevated blood lead levels under chapter 55 of 
title 10, United States Code.
    (f) Definitions.--In this section, the terms ``abnormal blood lead 
level'' and ``elevated blood lead level'' have the meanings given those 
terms by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
    SEC. 704. EXPOSURE TO OPEN BURN PITS AND TOXIC AIRBORNE CHEMICALS 
      OR OTHER AIRBORNE CONTAMINANTS AS PART OF PERIODIC HEALTH 
      ASSESSMENTS AND OTHER PHYSICAL EXAMINATIONS.
    (a) Periodic Health Assessment.--The Secretary of Defense shall 
ensure that any periodic health assessment provided to members of the 
Armed Forces includes an evaluation of whether the member has been--
        (1) based or stationed at a location where an open burn pit was 
    used; or
        (2) exposed to toxic airborne chemicals or other airborne 
    contaminants, including any information recorded as part of the 
    Airborne Hazards and Open Burn Pit Registry.
    (b) Separation History and Physical Examinations.--Section 
1145(a)(5) of title 10, United States Code, is amended by adding at the 
end the following new subparagraph:
    ``(C) The Secretary concerned shall ensure that each physical 
examination of a member under subparagraph (A) includes an assessment 
of whether the member was--
        ``(i) based or stationed at a location where an open burn pit, 
    as defined in subsection (c) of section 201 of the Dignified Burial 
    and Other Veterans' Benefits Improvement Act of 2012 (Public Law 
    112-260; 38 U.S.C. 527 note), was used; or
        ``(ii) exposed to toxic airborne chemicals or other airborne 
    contaminants, including any information recorded as part of the 
    registry established by the Secretary of Veterans Affairs under 
    such section 201.''.
    (c) Deployment Assessments.--Section 1074f(b)(2) of title 10, 
United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new 
subparagraph:
        ``(D) An assessment of whether the member was--
            ``(i) based or stationed at a location where an open burn 
        pit, as defined in subsection (c) of section 201 of the 
        Dignified Burial and Other Veterans' Benefits Improvement Act 
        of 2012 (Public Law 112-260; 38 U.S.C. 527 note), was used; or
            ``(ii) exposed to toxic airborne chemicals or other 
        airborne contaminants, including any information recorded as 
        part of the registry established by the Secretary of Veterans 
        Affairs under such section 201.''.
    (d) Sharing of Information.--
        (1) DOD-VA.--The Secretary of Defense and the Secretary of 
    Veterans Affairs shall jointly enter into a memorandum of 
    understanding providing for the sharing by the Department of 
    Defense with the Department of Veterans Affairs of the results of 
    covered evaluations regarding the exposure by a member of the Armed 
    Forces to toxic airborne chemicals or other airborne contaminants.
        (2) Registry.--If a covered evaluation of a member of the Armed 
    Forces establishes that the member was based or stationed at a 
    location where an open burn pit was used or that the member was 
    exposed to toxic airborne chemicals or other airborne contaminants, 
    the member shall be enrolled in the Airborne Hazards and Open Burn 
    Pit Registry unless the member elects to not so enroll.
    (e) Rule of Construction.--Nothing in this section may be construed 
to preclude eligibility for benefits under the laws administered by the 
Secretary of Veterans Affairs by reason of the open burn pit exposure 
history of a veteran not being recorded in a covered evaluation.
    (f) Definitions.--In this section:
        (1) The term ``Airborne Hazards and Open Burn Pit Registry'' 
    means the registry established by the Secretary of Veterans Affairs 
    under section 201 of the Dignified Burial and Other Veterans' 
    Benefits Improvement Act of 2012 (Public Law 112-260; 38 U.S.C. 527 
    note).
        (2) The term ``covered evaluation'' means--
            (A) a periodic health assessment conducted in accordance 
        with subsection (a);
            (B) a separation history and physical examination conducted 
        under section 1145(a)(5) of title 10, United States Code, as 
        amended by this section; and
            (C) a deployment assessment conducted under section 
        1074f(b)(2) of such title, as amended by this section.
        (3) The term ``open burn pit'' has the meaning given that term 
    in section 201(c) of the Dignified Burial and Other Veterans' 
    Benefits Improvement Act of 2012 (Public Law 112-260; 38 U.S.C. 527 
    note).
    SEC. 705. ENHANCEMENT OF RECORDKEEPING WITH RESPECT TO EXPOSURE BY 
      MEMBERS OF THE ARMED FORCES TO CERTAIN OCCUPATIONAL AND 
      ENVIRONMENTAL HAZARDS WHILE DEPLOYED OVERSEAS.
    (a) Inclusion in Medical Tracking System of Occupational and 
Environmental Health Risks in Deployment Area.--
        (1) Elements of medical tracking system.--Subsection (b)(1)(A) 
    of section 1074f of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (A) in clause (ii), by striking ``and'' at the end;
            (B) in clause (iii), by striking the period at the end and 
        inserting ``; and''; and
            (C) by adding at the end the following new clause:
        ``(iv) accurately record any exposure to occupational and 
    environmental health risks during the course of their 
    deployment.''.
        (2) Recordkeeping.--Subsection (c) of such section is amended 
    by inserting after ``deployment area'' the following: ``(including 
    the results of any assessment performed by the Secretary of 
    occupational and environmental health risks for such area)''.
    (b) Postdeployment Medical Examination and Reassessments.--Section 
1074f of title 10, United States Code, as amended by subsection (a), is 
further amended by adding at the end the following new subsection:
    ``(g) Additional Requirements for Postdeployment Medical 
Examinations and Health Reassessments.--(1) The Secretary of Defense 
shall standardize and make available to a provider that conducts a 
postdeployment medical examination or reassessment under the system 
described in subsection (a) questions relating to occupational and 
environmental health exposure.
    ``(2) The Secretary, to the extent practicable, shall ensure that 
the medical record of a member includes information on the external 
cause relating to a diagnosis of the member, including by associating 
an external cause code (as issued under the International Statistical 
Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems, 10th Revision 
(or any successor revision)).''.
    (c) Access to Information in Burn Pit Registry.--
        (1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense shall ensure that all 
    medical personnel of the Department of Defense have access to the 
    information contained in the burn pit registry.
        (2) Burn pit registry defined.--In this subsection, the term 
    ``burn pit registry'' means the registry established under section 
    201 of the Dignified Burial and Other Veterans' Benefits 
    Improvement Act of 2012 (Public Law 112-260; 38 U.S.C. 527 note).
    SEC. 706. MODIFICATIONS TO POST-DEPLOYMENT MENTAL HEALTH 
      ASSESSMENTS FOR MEMBERS OF THE ARMED FORCES DEPLOYED IN SUPPORT 
      OF A CONTINGENCY OPERATION.
    (a) Required Assessments.--Section 1074m(a)(1) of title 10, United 
States Code, is amended by striking subparagraphs (C) and (D) and 
inserting the following new subparagraphs:
            ``(C) Subject to paragraph (3) and subsection (d), once 
        during the period beginning on the date of redeployment from 
        the contingency operation and ending on the date that is 21 
        days after the date on which the post-deployment leave of the 
        member terminates.
            ``(D) Subject to subsection (d), not less than once 
        annually--
                ``(i) beginning 21 days after the date on which the 
            post-deployment leave of the member terminates; or
                ``(ii) if the assessment required by subparagraph (C) 
            is performed during the period specified in paragraph (3), 
            beginning 180 days after the date of redeployment from the 
            contingency operation.''.
    (b) Exceptions.--Section 1074m(a) of such title, as amended by 
subsection (a), is further amended by striking paragraph (2) and 
inserting the following new paragraphs:
    ``(2) A mental health assessment is not required for a member of 
the armed forces under subparagraphs (C) and (D) of paragraph (1) 
(including an assessment performed pursuant to paragraph (3)) if the 
Secretary determines that providing such assessment to the member 
during the time periods under such subparagraphs would remove the 
member from forward deployment or put members or operational objectives 
at risk.
    ``(3) A mental health assessment required under subparagraph (C) of 
paragraph (1) may be provided during the period beginning 90 days after 
the date of redeployment from the contingency operation and ending 180 
days after such redeployment date if the Secretary determines that--
        ``(A) an insufficient number of personnel are available to 
    perform the assessment during the time period under such 
    subparagraph; or
        ``(B) an administrative processing issue exists upon the return 
    of the member to the home unit or duty station that would prohibit 
    the effective performance of the assessment during such time 
    period.''.
    (c) Elimination of Sunset for Assessments During Deployment.--
Section 1074m(a)(1)(B) of such title is amended by striking ``Until 
January 1, 2019, once'' and inserting ``Once''.
    (d) Effective Date.--The amendments made by subsections (a) and (b) 
shall apply with respect to a date of redeployment that is on or after 
January 1, 2020.
    SEC. 707. PROVISION OF BLOOD TESTING FOR FIREFIGHTERS OF DEPARTMENT 
      OF DEFENSE TO DETERMINE EXPOSURE TO PERFLUOROALKYL AND 
      POLYFLUOROALKYL SUBSTANCES.
    (a) In General.--Beginning on October 1, 2020, the Secretary of 
Defense shall provide blood testing to determine and document potential 
exposure to perfluoroalkyl and polyfluoroalkyl substances (commonly 
known as ``PFAS'') for each firefighter of the Department of Defense 
during the annual physical exam conducted by the Department for each 
such firefighter.
    (b) Firefighter Defined.--In this section, the term ``firefighter'' 
means someone whose primary job or military occupational specialty is 
being a firefighter.

                 Subtitle B--Health Care Administration

    SEC. 711. MODIFICATION OF ORGANIZATION OF MILITARY HEALTH SYSTEM.
    (a) Administration of Military Medical Treatment Facilities.--
Subsection (a) of section 1073c of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended--
        (1) in paragraph (1)--
            (A) by redesignating subparagraphs (A), (B), (C), (D), (E), 
        and (F) as subparagraphs (C), (D), (E), (G), (H), and (I), 
        respectively;
            (B) by inserting before subparagraph (C), as redesignated 
        by subparagraph (A) of this paragraph, the following new 
        subparagraphs:
        ``(A) provision and delivery of health care within each such 
    facility;
        ``(B) management of privileging, scope of practice, and quality 
    of health care provided within each such facility;''; and
            (C) by inserting after subparagraph (E), as so 
        redesignated, the following new subparagraph:
        ``(F) supply and equipment;'';
        (2) in paragraph (2)--
            (A) by redesignating subparagraphs (D), (E), (F), and (G) 
        as subparagraphs (E), (F), (H), and (I), respectively;
            (B) by inserting after subparagraph (C) the following new 
        subparagraph (D):
        ``(D) to identify the capacity of each military medical 
    treatment facility to support clinical readiness standards of 
    health care providers established by the Secretary of a military 
    department or the Assistant Secretary of Defense for Health 
    Affairs;'' and
            (C) by striking subparagraph (F), as redesignated by 
        subparagraph (A) of this paragraph, and inserting the following 
        new subparagraphs:
        ``(F) to determine, in coordination with each Secretary of a 
    military department, manning, including joint manning, assigned to 
    military medical treatment facilities and intermediary 
    organizations;
        ``(G) to select, after considering nominations from the 
    Secretaries of the military departments, commanders or directors of 
    military medical treatment facilities;''; and
        (3) in paragraph (3)--
            (A) in subparagraph (A)--
                (i) by inserting ``on behalf of the military 
            departments,'' before ``ensuring''; and
                (ii) by striking ``and civilian employees''; and
            (B) in subparagraph (B), by inserting ``on behalf of the 
        Defense Health Agency,'' before ``furnishing''.
    (b) DHA Assistant Director.--Subsection (b)(2) of such section is 
amended by striking ``equivalent education and experience'' and all 
that follows and inserting ``the education and experience to perform 
the responsibilities of the position.''.
    (c) DHA Deputy Assistant Directors.--Subsection (c) of such section 
is amended--
        (1) in paragraph (2)(B), by striking ``across the military 
    health system'' and inserting ``at military medical treatment 
    facilities''; and
        (2) in paragraph (4)(B), by inserting ``at military medical 
    treatment facilities'' before the period at the end.
    (d) Treatment of Department of Defense for Purposes of Personnel 
Assignment.--Such section is amended--
        (1) by redesignating subsection (f) as subsection (g); and
        (2) by inserting after subsection (e) the following new 
    subsection (f):
    ``(f) Treatment of Department of Defense for Purposes of Personnel 
Assignment.--In implementing this section--
        ``(1) the Department of Defense shall be considered a single 
    agency for purposes of civilian personnel assignment under title 5; 
    and
        ``(2) the Secretary of Defense may reassign any employee of a 
    component of the Department of Defense or a military department in 
    a position in the civil service (as defined in section 2101 of 
    title 5) to any other component of the Department of Defense or 
    military department.''.
    (e) Military Medical Treatment Facility.--Subsection (g) of such 
section, as redesignated by subsection (d)(1), is amended by adding at 
the end the following new paragraph:
        ``(3) The term `military medical treatment facility' means--
            ``(A) any fixed facility of the Department of Defense that 
        is outside of a deployed environment and used primarily for 
        health care; and
            ``(B) any other location used for purposes of providing 
        health care services as designated by the Secretary of 
        Defense.''.
    (f) Technical Amendments.--Subsection (a) of such section is 
amended--
        (1) in paragraph (1), by striking ``paragraph (4)'' and 
    inserting ``paragraph (5)'';
        (2) by redesignating paragraph (5) as paragraph (6);
        (3) by redesignating the first paragraph (4) as paragraph (5); 
    and
        (4) by moving the second paragraph (4) so as to appear before 
    paragraph (5), as redesignated by paragraph (3) of this subsection.
    SEC. 712. SUPPORT BY MILITARY HEALTH SYSTEM OF MEDICAL REQUIREMENTS 
      OF COMBATANT COMMANDS.
    (a) In General.--Section 712 of the John S. McCain National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2019 (Public Law 115-232) is 
amended--
        (1) in subsection (a), by amending paragraph (1) to read as 
    follows:
        ``(1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense shall, acting 
    through the Secretaries of the military departments, the Defense 
    Health Agency, and the Joint Staff, implement an organizational 
    framework of the military health system that effectively and 
    efficiently implements chapter 55 of title 10, United States Code, 
    to maximize the readiness of the medical force, promote 
    interoperability, and integrate medical capabilities of the Armed 
    Forces in order to enhance joint military medical operations in 
    support of requirements of the combatant commands.'';
        (2) in subsection (e), by redesignating paragraphs (2) and (3) 
    as paragraphs (3) and (4), respectively, and by moving such 
    paragraphs so as to appear at the end of subsection (d);
        (3) by striking subsection (e), as amended by paragraph (2) of 
    this subsection;
        (4) by redesignating subsections (b) through (d) as subsections 
    (c) through (e), respectively;
        (5) by inserting after subsection (a) the following new 
    subsection (b):
    ``(b) Additional Duties of Surgeons General of the Armed Forces.--
The Surgeons General of the Armed Forces shall have the following 
duties:
        ``(1) To ensure the readiness for operational deployment of 
    medical and dental personnel and deployable medical or dental teams 
    or units of the Armed Force or Armed Forces concerned.
        ``(2) To meet medical readiness standards, subject to standards 
    and metrics established by the Assistant Secretary of Defense for 
    Health Affairs.
        ``(3) With respect to uniformed medical and dental personnel of 
    the military department concerned--
            ``(A) to assign such personnel--
                ``(i) primarily to military medical treatment 
            facilities, under the operational control of the commander 
            or director of the facility; or
                ``(ii) secondarily to partnerships with civilian or 
            other medical facilities for training activities specific 
            to such military department; and
            ``(B) to maintain readiness of such personnel for 
        operational deployment.
        ``(4) To provide logistical support for operational deployment 
    of medical and dental personnel and deployable medical or dental 
    teams or units of the Armed Force or Armed Forces concerned.
        ``(5) To oversee mobilization and demobilization in connection 
    with the operational deployment of medical and dental personnel of 
    the Armed Force or Armed Forces concerned.
        ``(6) To develop operational medical capabilities required to 
    support the warfighter, and to develop policy relating to such 
    capabilities.
        ``(7) To provide health professionals to serve in leadership 
    positions across the military healthcare system.
        ``(8) To deliver operational clinical services under the 
    operational control of the combatant commands--
            ``(A) on ships and planes; and
            ``(B) on installations outside of military medical 
        treatment facilities.
        ``(9) To manage privileging, scope of practice, and quality of 
    health care in the settings described in paragraph (8).'';
        (6) in subsection (c), as redesignated by paragraph (4) of this 
    subsection--
            (A) in the subsection heading, by inserting ``Agency'' 
        before ``Regions''; and
            (B) in paragraph (1)--
                (i) in the paragraph heading, by inserting ``Agency'' 
            before ``regions''; and
                (ii) by striking ``defense health'' and inserting 
            ``Defense Health Agency'';
        (7) in subsection (d), as redesignated by paragraph (4) of this 
    subsection--
            (A) in the subsection heading, by inserting ``Agency'' 
        before ``Regions'';
            (B) in the matter preceding paragraph (1), by striking 
        ``defense health'' and inserting ``Defense Health Agency''; and
            (C) in paragraph (3), by striking ``subsection (b)'' and 
        inserting ``subsection (c)''; and
        (8) in subsection (e), as redesignated by paragraph (4) of this 
    subsection--
            (A) in paragraph (2)--
                (i) by amending subparagraph (A) to read as follows:
            ``(A) In general.--The Secretaries of the military 
        departments shall coordinate with the Chairman of the Joint 
        Chiefs of Staff to direct resources allocated to the military 
        departments to support requirements related to readiness and 
        operational medicine support that are established by the 
        combatant commands and validated by the Joint Staff.''; and
                (ii) in subparagraph (B), in the matter preceding 
            clause (i), by striking ``Based on'' and all that follows 
            through ``shall--'' and inserting ``The Director of the 
            Defense Health Agency, in coordination with the Assistant 
            Secretary of Defense for Health Affairs, shall--'';
            (B) in paragraph (3), as moved and redesignated by 
        paragraph (2) of this subsection, in the second sentence--
                (i) by inserting ``primarily'' before ``through''; and
                (ii) by inserting``, in coordination with the 
            Secretaries of the military departments,'' after ``the 
            Defense Health Agency''; and
            (C) by adding at the end the following:
        ``(5) Manpower.--
            ``(A) Administrative control of military personnel.--Each 
        Secretary of a military department shall exercise 
        administrative control of members of the Armed Forces assigned 
        to military medical treatment facilities, including personnel 
        assignment and issuance of military orders.
            ``(B) Oversight of certain personnel by the director of the 
        defense health agency.--In situations in which members of the 
        Armed Forces provide health care services at a military medical 
        treatment facility, the Director of the Defense Health Agency 
        shall maintain operational control over such members and 
        oversight for the provision of care delivered by such members 
        through policies, procedures, and privileging responsibilities 
        of the military medical treatment facility.''.
    (b) Conforming Amendments.--
        (1) Heading amendment.--The heading for section 712 of the John 
    S. McCain National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2019 
    (Public Law 115-232) is amended to read as follows:
    ``SEC. 712. SUPPORT BY MILITARY HEALTHCARE SYSTEM OF MEDICAL 
      REQUIREMENTS OF COMBATANT COMMANDS.''.
        (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of contents for such Act is 
    amended by striking the item relating to section 712 and inserting 
    the following new item:

``Sec. 712. Support by military healthcare system of medical 
          requirements of combatant commands.''.
    SEC. 713. REQUIREMENTS FOR CERTAIN PRESCRIPTION DRUG LABELS.
    (a) Requirement.--Section 1074g of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended--
        (1) by redesignating subsections (h) and (i) as subsections (i) 
    and (j), respectively; and
        (2) by inserting after subsection (g) the following new 
    subsection (h):
    ``(h) Labeling.--The Secretary of Defense shall ensure that drugs 
made available through the facilities of the armed forces under the 
jurisdiction of the Secretary include labels and other labeling that 
are in compliance with the requirements of the Federal Food, Drug, and 
Cosmetic Act (21 U.S.C. 301 et seq.).''.
    (b) Conforming Amendment.--Subsection (b)(1) of such section is 
amended by striking ``under subsection (h)'' and inserting ``under 
subsection (j)''.
    (c) Implementation.--Beginning not later than 90 days after the 
date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall 
implement subsection (h) of section 1074g of title 10, United States 
Code, as added by subsection (a).
    SEC. 714. OFFICERS AUTHORIZED TO COMMAND ARMY DENTAL UNITS.
    Section 7081(d) of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
striking ``Dental Corps Officer'' and inserting ``commissioned officer 
of the Army Medical Department''.
    SEC. 715. IMPROVEMENTS TO INTERAGENCY PROGRAM OFFICE OF THE 
      DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE AND THE DEPARTMENT OF VETERANS AFFAIRS.
    (a) Leadership.--Subsection (c) of section 1635 of the Wounded 
Warrior Act (title XVI of Public Law 110-181; 10 U.S.C. 1071 note) is 
amended to read as follows:
    ``(c) Leadership.--
        ``(1) Director.--The Director of the Office shall be the head 
    of the Office.
        ``(2) Deputy director.--The Deputy Director of the Office shall 
    be the deputy head of the Office and shall assist the Director in 
    carrying out the duties of the Director.
        ``(3) Reporting.--The Director shall report directly to the 
    Deputy Secretary of Defense and the Deputy Secretary of Veterans 
    Affairs.
        ``(4) Appointments.--
            ``(A) Director.--The Director shall be appointed by the 
        Secretary of Defense, with the concurrence of the Secretary of 
        Veterans Affairs, for a fixed term of four years. For the 
        subsequent term, the Secretary of Veterans Affairs, with the 
        concurrence of the Secretary of Defense, shall appoint the 
        Director for a fixed term of four years, and thereafter, the 
        appointment of the Director for a fixed term of four years 
        shall alternate between the Secretaries.
            ``(B) Deputy director.--The Deputy Director shall be 
        appointed by the Secretary of Veterans Affairs, with the 
        concurrence of the Secretary of Defense, for a fixed term of 
        four years. For the subsequent term, the Secretary of Defense, 
        with the concurrence of the Secretary of Veterans Affairs, 
        shall appoint the Deputy Director for a fixed term of four 
        years, and thereafter, the appointment of the Deputy Director 
        for a fixed term of four years shall alternate between the 
        Secretaries.
            ``(C) Minimum qualifications.--The Secretary of Defense and 
        the Secretary of Veterans Affairs shall jointly develop 
        qualification requirements for the Director and the Deputy 
        Director. Such requirements shall ensure that, at a minimum, 
        the Director and Deputy Director, individually or together, 
        meet the following qualifications:
                ``(i) Significant experience at a senior management 
            level fielding enterprise-wide technology in a health care 
            setting, or business systems in the public or private 
            sector.
                ``(ii) Credentials for enterprise-wide program 
            management.
                ``(iii) Significant experience leading implementation 
            of complex organizational change by integrating the input 
            of experts from various disciplines, such as clinical, 
            business, management, informatics, and technology.
        ``(5) Succession.--The Secretary of Defense and the Secretary 
    of Veterans Affairs shall jointly develop a leadership succession 
    process for the Office.
        ``(6) Additional guidance.--The Department of Veterans Affairs-
    Department of Defense Joint Executive Committee may provide 
    guidance in the discharge of the functions of the Office under this 
    section.
        ``(7) Information to congress.--Upon request by any of the 
    appropriate committees of Congress, the Director and the Deputy 
    Director shall testify before such committee, or provide a briefing 
    or otherwise provide requested information to such committee, 
    regarding the discharge of the functions of the Office under this 
    section.''.
    (b) Authority.--Paragraph (1) of subsection (b) of such section is 
amended by adding at the end the following new sentence: ``The Office 
shall carry out decision making authority delegated to the Office by 
the Secretary of Defense and the Secretary of Veterans Affairs with 
respect to the definition, coordination, and management of functional, 
technical, and programmatic activities that are jointly used, carried 
out, and shared by the Departments.''.
    (c) Purposes.--Paragraph (2) of subsection (b) of such section is 
amended by adding at the end the following new subparagraphs:
            ``(C) To develop and implement a comprehensive 
        interoperability strategy, which shall include--
                ``(i) the Electronic Health Record Modernization 
            Program of the Department of Veterans Affairs; and
                ``(ii) the Healthcare Management System Modernization 
            Program of the Department of Defense.
            ``(D) To pursue the highest level of interoperability for 
        the delivery of health care by the Department of Defense and 
        the Department of Veterans Affairs.
            ``(E) To accelerate the exchange of health care information 
        between the Departments, and advances in the health information 
        technology marketplace, in order to support the delivery of 
        health care by the Departments.
            ``(F) To collect the operational and strategic requirements 
        of the Departments relating to the strategy under subsection 
        (a) and communicate such requirements and activities to the 
        Office of the National Coordinator for Health Information 
        Technology of the Department of Health and Human Services for 
        the purpose of implementing title IV of the 21st Century Cures 
        Act (division A of Public Law 114-255), and the amendments made 
        by that title, and other objectives of the Office of the 
        National Coordinator for Health Information Technology.
            ``(G) To plan for and effectuate the broadest possible 
        implementation of standards, specifically with respect to the 
        Fast Healthcare Interoperability Resources standard or 
        successor standard, the evolution of such standards, and the 
        obsolescence of such standards.
            ``(H) To actively engage with national and international 
        health standards setting organizations, including by taking 
        membership in such organizations, to ensure that standards 
        established by such organizations meet the needs of the 
        Departments pursuant to the strategy under subsection (a), and 
        oversee and approve adoption of and mapping to such standards 
        by the Departments.
            ``(I) To express the content and format of health data of 
        the Departments using a common language to improve the exchange 
        of data between the Departments and with the private sector, 
        and to ensure that clinicians of the Departments have access to 
        integrated, computable, comprehensive health records of 
        patients.
            ``(J) To inform the Chief Information Officer of the 
        Department of Defense and the Chief Information Officer of the 
        Department of Veterans Affairs of any activities of the Office 
        affecting or relevant to cybersecurity.
            ``(K) To establish an environment that will enable and 
        encourage the adoption by the Departments of innovative 
        technologies for health care delivery.
            ``(L) To leverage data integration to advance health 
        research and develop an evidence base for the health care 
        programs of the Departments.
            ``(M) To prioritize the use of open systems architecture by 
        the Departments.
            ``(N) To ensure ownership and control by patients of 
        personal health information and data in a manner consistent 
        with applicable law.
            ``(O) To prevent contractors of the Departments or other 
        non-departmental entities from owning or having exclusive 
        control over patient health data, for the purposes of 
        protecting patient privacy and enhancing opportunities for 
        innovation.
            ``(P) To implement a single lifetime longitudinal personal 
        health record between the Department of Defense and the 
        Department of Veterans Affairs.
            ``(Q) To attain interoperability capabilities--
                ``(i) sufficient to enable the provision of seamless 
            health care by health care facilities and providers of the 
            Departments, as well as private sector facilities and 
            providers contracted by the Departments; and
                ``(ii) that are more adaptable and far reaching than 
            those achievable through biodirectional information 
            exchange between electronic health records of the exchange 
            of read-only data alone.
            ``(R) To make maximum use of open-application program 
        interfaces and the Fast Healthcare Interoperability Resources 
        standard (or successor standard).''.
    (d) Implementation Milestones.--Subsection (e) of such section is 
amended to read as follows:
    ``(e) Implementation Milestones.--
        ``(1) Evaluation.--With respect to the electronic health record 
    systems of the Department of Defense and the Department of Veterans 
    Affairs, the Office shall seek to enter into an agreement with an 
    independent entity to conduct an evaluation by not later than 
    October 1, 2021 of the following:
            ``(A) Whether a clinician of the Department of Defense, can 
        access, and meaningfully interact with, a complete patient 
        health record of a veteran, from a military medical treatment 
        facility.
            ``(B) Whether a clinician of the Department of Veterans 
        Affairs can access, and meaningfully interact with, a complete 
        patient health record of a member of the Armed Forces serving 
        on active duty, from a medical center of the Department of 
        Veterans Affairs.
            ``(C) Whether clinicians of the Departments can access, and 
        meaningfully interact with, the data elements of the health 
        record of a patient who is a veteran or is a member of the 
        Armed Forces which are generated when the individual receives 
        health care from a community care provider of the Department of 
        Veterans Affairs or a TRICARE program provider of the 
        Department of Defense.
            ``(D) Whether a community care provider of the Department 
        of the Veterans Affairs and a TRICARE program provider of the 
        Department of Defense on a Health Information Exchange-
        supported electronic health record can access patient health 
        records of veterans and active-duty members of the Armed Forces 
        from the system of the provider.
            ``(E) An assessment of interoperability between the legacy 
        electronic health record systems and the future electronic 
        health record systems of the Department of Veterans Affairs and 
        the Department of Defense.
            ``(F) An assessment of the use of interoperable content 
        between--
                ``(i) the legacy electronic health record systems and 
            the future electronic health record systems of the 
            Department of Veterans Affairs and the Department of 
            Defense; and
                ``(ii) third-party applications.
        ``(2) System configuration management.--The Office shall--
            ``(A) maintain the common configuration baseline for the 
        electronic health record systems of the Department of Defense 
        and the Department of Veterans Affairs; and
            ``(B) continually evaluate the state of configuration and 
        the impacts on interoperability; and
            ``(C) promote the enhancement of such electronic health 
        records systems.
        ``(3) Consultation.--
            ``(A) Annual meeting required.--Not less than once per 
        year, the Office shall convene a meeting of clinical staff from 
        the Department of Defense, the Department of Veterans Affairs, 
        the Coast Guard, community providers, and other leading 
        clinical experts, for the purpose of assessing the state of 
        clinical use of the electronic health record systems and 
        whether the systems are meeting clinical and patient needs.
            ``(B) Recommendations.--Clinical staff participating in a 
        meeting under subparagraph (A) shall make recommendations to 
        the Office on the need for any improvements or concerns with 
        the electronic health record systems.
        ``(4) Clinical and patient satisfaction survey.--Beginning 
    October 1, 2021, and on at least a biannual basis thereafter until 
    2025 at the earliest, the Office shall undertake a clinician and 
    patient satisfaction survey regarding clinical use and patient 
    experience with the electronic health record systems of the 
    Department of Defense and the Department of Veterans Affairs.''.
    (e) Resources and Staffing.--Subsection (g) of such section is 
amended--
        (1) in paragraph (1), by inserting before the period at the end 
    the following: ``, including the assignment of clinical or 
    technical personnel of the Department of Defense or the Department 
    of Veterans Affairs to the Office''; and
        (2) by adding at the end the following new paragraphs:
        ``(3) Cost sharing.--The Secretary of Defense and the Secretary 
    of Veterans shall enter into an agreement on cost sharing and 
    providing resources for the operations and staffing of the Office.
        ``(4) Hiring authority.--The Secretary of Defense and the 
    Secretary of Veterans Affairs shall delegate to the Director the 
    authority under title 5, United States Code, regarding appointments 
    in the competitive service to hire personnel of the Office.''.
    (f) Reports.--Subsection (h) of such section is amended to read as 
follows:
    ``(h) Reports.--
        ``(1) Annual reports.--Not later than September 30, 2020, and 
    each year thereafter through 2024, the Director shall submit to the 
    Secretary of Defense and the Secretary of Veterans Affairs, and to 
    the appropriate committees of Congress, a report on the activities 
    of the Office during the preceding calendar year. Each report shall 
    include the following:
            ``(A) A detailed description of the activities of the 
        Office during the year covered by such report, including a 
        detailed description of the amounts expended and the purposes 
        for which expended.
            ``(B) With respect to the objectives of the strategy under 
        paragraph (2)(C) of subsection (b), and the purposes of the 
        Office under such subsection--
                ``(i) a discussion, description, and assessment of the 
            progress made by the Department of Defense and the 
            Department of Veterans Affairs during the preceding 
            calendar year; and
                ``(ii) a discussion and description of the goals of the 
            Department of Defense and the Department of Veterans 
            Affairs for the following calendar year, including updates 
            to strategies and plans.
            ``(C) A detailed financial summary of the activities of the 
        Office, including the funds allocated to the Office by each 
        Department, the expenditures made, and an assessment as to 
        whether the current funding is sufficient to carry out the 
        activities of the Office.
            ``(D) A detailed description of the status of each of the 
        implementation milestones, including the nature of the 
        evaluation, methodology for testing, and findings with respect 
        to each milestone under subsection (e).
            ``(E) A detailed description of the state of the 
        configuration baseline, including any activities which 
        decremented or enhanced the state of configuration under 
        subsection (e).
            ``(F) With respect to the annual meeting required under 
        subsection (e)(3)--
                ``(i) a detailed description of activities, 
            assessments, and recommendations relating to such meeting; 
            and
                ``(ii) the response of the Office to any such 
            recommendations.
        ``(2) Availability.--Each report under this subsection shall be 
    made publicly available.''.
    (g) Definitions.--Such section is further amended by adding at the 
end the following new subsection (k):
    ``(k) Definitions.--In this section:
        ``(1) The term `appropriate congressional committees' means--
            ``(A) the congressional defense committees; and
            ``(B) the Committees on Veterans' Affairs of the House of 
        Representatives and the Senate.
        ``(2) The term `configuration baseline' means a fixed reference 
    in the development cycle or an agreed-upon specification of a 
    product at a point in time that serves as a documented basis for 
    defining incremental change in all aspects of an information 
    technology product.
        ``(3) The term `Electronic Health Record Modernization Program' 
    has the meaning given that term in section 503 of the Veterans 
    Benefits and Transition Act of 2018 (Public Law 115-407; 132 Stat. 
    5376).
        ``(4) The term `interoperability' means the ability of 
    different information systems, devices, or applications to connect, 
    regardless of the technology platform or the location where care is 
    provided--
            ``(A) in a coordinated and secure manner, within and across 
        organizational boundaries, and across the complete spectrum of 
        care, including all applicable care settings;
            ``(B) with relevant stakeholders, including the person 
        whose information is being shared, to access, exchange, 
        integrate, and use computable data regardless of the origin or 
        destination of the data or the applications employed;
            ``(C) with the capability to reliably exchange information 
        without error;
            ``(D) with the ability to interpret and to make effective 
        use of such exchanged information;
            ``(E) with the ability for information that can be used to 
        advance patient care to move between health care entities; and
            ``(F) without additional intervention by the end user.
        ``(5) The term `meaningfully interact' means the ability to 
    view, consume, act upon, and edit information in a clinical setting 
    to facilitate high-quality clinical decision making.
        ``(6) The term `seamless health care' means health care which 
    is optimized through access by patients and clinicians to 
    integrated, relevant, and complete information about the clinical 
    experiences of the patient, social and environmental determinants 
    of health, and health trends over time, in order to enable patients 
    and clinicians to--
            ``(A) move efficiently within and across organizational 
        boundaries;
            ``(B) make high-quality decisions; and
            ``(C) effectively carry out complete plans of care.
        ``(7) The term `Secretary concerned' means--
            ``(A) the Secretary of Defense, with respect to matters 
        concerning the Department of Defense;
            ``(B) the Secretary of Veterans Affairs, with respect to 
        matters concerning the Department of Veterans Affairs; and
            ``(C) the Secretary of Homeland Security, with respect to 
        matters concerning the Coast Guard when it is not operating as 
        a service in the Department of the Navy.
        ``(8) The term `TRICARE program' has the meaning given that 
    term in section 1072 of title 10, United States Code.''.
    (h) Interoperability Strategy.--
        (1) Report required.--Not later than 270 days after the date of 
    the enactment of this Act, the Director shall submit to each 
    Secretary concerned and to the appropriate congressional committees 
    a report that contains a comprehensive interoperability strategy 
    with respect to electronic health records jointly developed by the 
    Secretary of Defense and Secretary of Veterans Affairs, including 
    any accompanying or associated implementation plans and supporting 
    plans.
        (2) Elements.--The comprehensive interoperability strategy 
    under paragraph (1) shall discuss the purposes described in 
    paragraphs (K) through (R) of section 1635(b)(2) of the Wounded 
    Warrior Act (title XVI of Public Law 110-181; 10 U.S.C. 1071 note), 
    as amended by subsection (c).
        (3) Definitions.--In this subsection:
            (A) The term ``appropriate congressional committees'' 
        means--
                (i) the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and 
            the House of Representatives; and
                (ii) the Committees on Veterans' Affairs of the Senate 
            and the House of Representatives.
            (B) The term ``Director'' means the individual described in 
        section 1635(c) of the Wounded Warrior Act (title XVI of Public 
        Law 110-181; 10 U.S.C. 1071 note), as amended by subsection 
        (a).
            (C) The term ``interoperability'' has the meaning given 
        that term in subsection (k) of such section, as added by 
        subsection (g).
    (i) Conforming Repeal.--Section 713 of the National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2014 (Public Law 113-66; 10 U.S.C. 
1071 note) is repealed.
    SEC. 716. EXPANSION OF STRATEGY TO IMPROVE ACQUISITION OF MANAGED 
      CARE SUPPORT CONTRACTS UNDER TRICARE PROGRAM.
    Section 705(c)(1) of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328; 10 U.S.C. 1073a note) is amended, 
in the matter preceding subparagraph (A), by striking ``, other than 
overseas medical support contracts''.
    SEC. 717. INCLUSION OF BLAST EXPOSURE HISTORY IN MEDICAL RECORDS OF 
      MEMBERS OF THE ARMED FORCES.
    (a) Requirement.--If a covered incident occurs with respect to a 
member of the Armed Forces, the Secretary of Defense, in coordination 
with the Secretaries of the military departments, shall document blast 
exposure history in the medical record of the member to assist in 
determining whether a future illness or injury of the member is 
service-connected and inform future blast exposure risk mitigation 
efforts of the Department of Defense.
    (b) Elements.--A blast exposure history under subsection (a) shall 
include, at a minimum, the following:
        (1) The date of the exposure.
        (2) The duration of the exposure, and, if known, the measured 
    blast pressure experienced by the individual during such exposure.
        (3) Whether the exposure occurred during combat or training.
    (c) Report.--Not later than one year after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the 
Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of 
Representatives a report on the types of information included in a 
blast exposure history under subsection (a).
    (d) Covered Incident Defined.--In this section, the term ``covered 
incident'' means a concussive event or injury that requires a military 
acute concussive evaluation by a skilled health care provider.
    SEC. 718. COMPREHENSIVE POLICY FOR PROVISION OF MENTAL HEALTH CARE 
      TO MEMBERS OF THE ARMED FORCES.
    (a) Policy Required.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense, acting through the 
Under Secretary of Defense for Personnel and Readiness, shall develop 
and implement a comprehensive policy for the provision of mental health 
care to members of the Armed Forces.
    (b) Elements.--The policy under subsection (a) shall address each 
of the following:
        (1) The compliance of health professionals in the military 
    health system engaged in the provision of health care services to 
    members with clinical practice guidelines for--
            (A) suicide prevention;
            (B) medication-assisted therapy for alcohol use disorders; 
        and
            (C) medication-assisted therapy for opioid use disorders.
        (2) The access and availability of mental health care services 
    to members who are victims of sexual assault or domestic violence.
        (3) The availability of naloxone reversal capability on 
    military installations.
        (4) The promotion of referrals of members by civilian health 
    care providers to military medical treatment facilities when such 
    members are--
            (A) at high risk for suicide and diagnosed with a 
        psychiatric disorder; or
            (B) receiving treatment for opioid use disorders.
        (5) The provision of comprehensive behavioral health treatment 
    to members of the reserve components that takes into account the 
    unique challenges associated with the deployment pattern of such 
    members and the difficulty such members encounter post-deployment 
    with respect to accessing such treatment in civilian communities.
    (c) Consideration.--In developing the policy under subsection (a), 
the Secretary of Defense shall solicit and consider recommendations 
from the Secretaries of the military departments and the Chairman of 
the Joint Chiefs of Staff regarding the feasibility of implementation 
and execution of particular elements of the policy.
    (d) Report.--Not later than 18 months after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the 
Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of 
Representatives a report on the implementation of the policy under 
subsection (a).
    SEC. 719. LIMITATION ON THE REALIGNMENT OR REDUCTION OF MILITARY 
      MEDICAL MANNING END STRENGTH.
    (a) Limitation.--Except as provided by subsection (d), the 
Secretary of Defense and the Secretaries concerned may not realign or 
reduce military medical end strength authorizations until--
        (1) each review is conducted under paragraph (1) of subsection 
    (b);
        (2) each analysis is conducted under paragraph (2) of such 
    subsection;
        (3) the measurement is developed under paragraph (3) of such 
    subsection;
        (4) each plan and forum is provided under paragraph (4) of such 
    subsection; and
        (5) a period of 90 days elapses following the date on which the 
    Secretary submits the report under subsection (c).
    (b) Reviews, Analyses, and Other Information.--
        (1) Review.--Each Secretary concerned, in coordination with the 
    Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, shall conduct a review of 
    the medical manpower requirements of the military department of the 
    Secretary that accounts for all national defense strategy 
    scenarios.
        (2) Analyses.--With respect to each military medical treatment 
    facility that would be affected by a proposed military medical end 
    strength realignment or reduction, the Secretary concerned shall 
    conduct an analysis that--
            (A) identifies affected billets; and
            (B) includes a plan for mitigating any potential gap in 
        health care services caused by such realignment or reduction.
        (3) Measurement.--The Secretary of Defense shall--
            (A) develop a standard measurement for network adequacy to 
        determine the capacity of the local health care network to 
        provide care for covered beneficiaries in the area of a 
        military medical treatment facility that would be affected by a 
        proposed military medical end strength realignment or 
        reduction; and
            (B) use such measurement in carrying out this section and 
        otherwise evaluating proposed military medical end strength 
        realignment or reductions.
        (4) Outreach.--The Secretary of Defense shall provide to each 
    member of the Armed Forces and covered beneficiary located in the 
    area of a military medical treatment facility that would be 
    affected by a proposed military medical end strength realignment or 
    reduction the following:
            (A) A transition plan for continuity of health care 
        services.
            (B) A public forum to discuss the concerns of the member 
        and covered beneficiary regarding such proposed realignment or 
        reduction.
    (c) Report.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the 
Committees on Armed Services of the House of Representatives and the 
Senate a report on the proposed military medical end strength 
realignments or reductions, including--
        (1) the reviews, analyses, and other information developed 
    under subsection (b); and
        (2) a description of the actions the Secretary plans to take 
    with respect to such proposed realignments or reductions.
    (d) Exception.--
        (1) In general.--The limitation in subsection (a) shall not 
    apply--
            (A) to administrative billets of a medical department of a 
        military department that have remained unfilled since at least 
        October 1, 2018;
            (B) to billets identified as non-clinical in the budget of 
        the President for fiscal year 2020 submitted to Congress 
        pursuant to section 1105 of title 31, United States Code, 
        except that the amount of such billets shall not exceed 1,700; 
        and
            (C) to medical headquarters billets of the military 
        departments not assigned or directly supporting to operational 
        commands.
        (2) Determination prior to realignment or reduction.--The 
    Secretary concerned may realign or reduce a billet described in 
    paragraph (1) if the Secretary determines that such realignment or 
    reduction does not affect the provision of health care services to 
    members of the Armed Forces or covered beneficiaries.
    (e) Definitions.--In this section:
        (1) The term ``covered beneficiary'' has the meaning given that 
    term in section 1072 of title 10, United States Code.
        (2) The term ``proposed military medical end strength 
    realignment or reduction'' means a realignment or reduction of 
    military medical end strength authorizations as proposed by the 
    budget of the President for fiscal year 2020 submitted to Congress 
    pursuant to section 1105 of title 31, United States Code.
        (3) The term ``Secretary concerned'' means--
            (A) the Secretary of the Army, with respect to matters 
        concerning the Army;
            (B) the Secretary of the Navy, with respect to matters 
        concerning the Navy, the Marine Corps, and the Coast Guard when 
        it is operating as a service in the Department of the Navy; and
            (C) the Secretary of the Air Force, with respect to matters 
        concerning the Air Force.
    SEC. 720. STRATEGY TO RECRUIT AND RETAIN MENTAL HEALTH PROVIDERS.
    Not later than 180 days after the date of the enactment of this 
Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the Committees on Armed 
Services of the Senate and the House of Representatives a report that--
        (1) describes the shortage of mental health providers of the 
    Department of Defense;
        (2) explains the reasons for such shortage;
        (3) explains the effect of such shortage on members of the 
    Armed Forces; and
        (4) contains a strategy to better recruit and retain mental 
    health providers, including with respect to psychiatrists, 
    psychologists, mental health nurse practitioners, licensed social 
    workers, and other licensed providers of the military health 
    system, in a manner that addresses the need for cultural competence 
    and diversity among such mental health providers.
    SEC. 721. DEVELOPMENT OF PARTNERSHIPS TO IMPROVE COMBAT CASUALTY 
      CARE FOR PERSONNEL OF THE ARMED FORCES.
    (a) Partnerships.--
        (1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense, through the Joint 
    Trauma Education and Training Directorate established under section 
    708 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017 
    (Public Law 114-328; 10 U.S.C. 1071 note), may develop partnerships 
    with civilian academic medical centers and large metropolitan 
    teaching hospitals to improve combat casualty care for personnel of 
    the Armed Forces.
        (2) Partnerships with level i trauma centers.--In carrying out 
    partnerships under paragraph (1), trauma surgeons and physicians of 
    the Department of Defense may partner with level I civilian trauma 
    centers to provide training and readiness for the next generation 
    of medical providers to treat critically injured burn patients.
    (b) Support of Partnerships.--The Secretary of Defense may make 
every effort to support partnerships under the Joint Trauma Education 
and Training Directorate with academic institutions that have level I 
civilian trauma centers, specifically those centers with a burn center, 
that offer burn rotations and clinical experience to provide training 
and readiness for the next generation of medical providers to treat 
critically injured burn patients.
    (c) Level I Civilian Trauma Center Defined.--In this section, the 
term ``level I civilian trauma center'' has the meaning given that term 
in section 708 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328; 10 U.S.C. 1071 note).
    SEC. 722. MODIFICATION TO REFERRALS FOR MENTAL HEALTH SERVICES.
    If the Secretary of Defense is unable to provide mental health 
services in a military medical treatment facility to a member of the 
Armed Forces within 15 days of the date on which such services are 
first requested by the member, the Secretary may refer the member to a 
provider under the TRICARE program (as that term is defined in section 
1072 of title 10, United States Code) to receive such services.

                 Subtitle C--Reports and Other Matters

    SEC. 731. AUTHORIZATION OF CLAIMS BY MEMBERS OF THE UNIFORMED 
      SERVICES AGAINST THE UNITED STATES FOR PERSONAL INJURY OR DEATH 
      CAUSED BY MEDICAL MALPRACTICE.
    (a) Medical Malpractice Claims.--
        (1) In general.--Chapter 163 of title 10, United States Code, 
    is amended by inserting after section 2733 the following new 
    section:
``Sec. 2733a. Medical malpractice claims by members of the uniformed 
     services
    ``(a) In General.--Consistent with this section and under such 
regulations as the Secretary of Defense shall prescribe under 
subsection (f), the Secretary may allow, settle, and pay a claim 
against the United States for personal injury or death incident to the 
service of a member of the uniformed services that was caused by the 
medical malpractice of a Department of Defense health care provider.
    ``(b) Requirement for Claims.--A claim may be allowed, settled, and 
paid under subsection (a) only if--
        ``(1) the claim is filed by the member of the uniformed 
    services who is the subject of the medical malpractice claimed, or 
    by an authorized representative on behalf of such member who is 
    deceased or otherwise unable to file the claim due to 
    incapacitation;
        ``(2) the claim is for personal injury or death caused by the 
    negligent or wrongful act or omission of a Department of Defense 
    health care provider in the performance of medical, dental, or 
    related health care functions while such provider was acting within 
    the scope of employment;
        ``(3) the act or omission constituting medical malpractice 
    occurred in a covered military medical treatment facility;
        ``(4) the claim is presented to the Department in writing 
    within two years after the claim accrues;
        ``(5) the claim is not allowed to be settled and paid under any 
    other provision of law; and
        ``(6) the claim is substantiated as prescribed in regulations 
    prescribed by the Secretary of Defense under subsection (f).
    ``(c) Liability.--(1) The Department of Defense is liable for only 
the portion of compensable injury, loss, or damages attributable to the 
medical malpractice of a Department of Defense health care provider.
    ``(2) The Department of Defense shall not be liable for the 
attorney fees of a claimant under this section.
    ``(d) Payment of Claims.--(1) If the Secretary of Defense 
determines, pursuant to regulations prescribed by the Secretary under 
subsection (f), that a claim under this section in excess of $100,000 
is meritorious, and the claim is otherwise payable under this section, 
the Secretary may pay the claimant $100,000 and report any meritorious 
amount in excess of $100,000 to the Secretary of the Treasury for 
payment under section 1304 of title 31.
    ``(2) Except as provided in paragraph (1), no claim may be paid 
under this section unless the amount tendered is accepted by the 
claimant in full satisfaction.
    ``(e) Reporting Medical Malpractice.--Not later than 30 days after 
a determination of medical malpractice or the payment of all or part of 
a claim under this section, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to 
the Director of the Defense Health Agency a report documenting such 
determination or payment to be used by the Director for all necessary 
and appropriate purposes, including medical quality assurance.
    ``(f) Regulations.--(1) The Secretary of Defense shall prescribe 
regulations to implement this section.
    ``(2) Regulations prescribed by the Secretary under paragraph (1) 
shall include the following:
        ``(A) Policies and procedures to ensure the timely, efficient, 
    and effective processing and administration of claims under this 
    section, including--
            ``(i) the filing, receipt, investigation, and evaluation of 
        a claim;
            ``(ii) the negotiation, settlement, and payment of a claim;
            ``(iii) such other matters relating to the processing and 
        administration of a claim, including an administrative appeals 
        process, as the Secretary considers appropriate.
        ``(B) Uniform standards consistent with generally accepted 
    standards used in a majority of States in adjudicating claims under 
    chapter 171 of title 28 (commonly known as the `Federal Tort Claims 
    Act') to be applied to the evaluation, settlement, and payment of 
    claims under this section without regard to the place of occurrence 
    of the medical malpractice giving rise to the claim or the military 
    department or service of the member of the uniformed services, and 
    without regard to foreign law in the case of claims arising in 
    foreign countries, including uniform standards to be applied to 
    determinations with respect to--
            ``(i) whether an act or omission by a Department of Defense 
        health care provider in the context of performing medical, 
        dental, or related health care functions was negligent or 
        wrongful, considering the specific facts and circumstances;
            ``(ii) whether the personal injury or death of the member 
        was caused by a negligent or wrongful act or omission of a 
        Department of Defense health care provider in the context of 
        performing medical, dental, or related health care functions, 
        considering the specific facts and circumstances;
            ``(iii) requirements relating to proof of duty, breach of 
        duty, and causation resulting in compensable injury or loss, 
        subject to such exclusions as may be established by the 
        Secretary of Defense; and
            ``(iv) calculation of damages.
        ``(C) Such other matters as the Secretary considers 
    appropriate.
    ``(3) In order to implement expeditiously the provisions of this 
section, the Secretary may prescribe the regulations under this 
subsection--
        ``(A) by prescribing an interim final rule; and
        ``(B) not later than one year after prescribing such interim 
    final rule and considering public comments with respect to such 
    interim final rule, by prescribing a final rule.
    ``(g) Limitation on Attorney Fees.--(1) No attorney shall charge, 
demand, receive, or collect for services rendered, fees in excess of 20 
percent of any claim paid pursuant to this section.
    ``(2) Any attorney who charges, demands, receives, or collects for 
services rendered in connection with a claim under this section any 
amount in excess of the amount allowed under paragraph (1), if recovery 
be had, shall be fined not more than $2,000, imprisoned not more than 
one year, or both.
    ``(h) Annual Report.--Not less frequently than annually until 2025, 
the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the Committees on Armed 
Services of the Senate and the House of Representatives a report--
        ``(1) indicating the number of claims processed under this 
    section;
        ``(2) indicating the resolution of each such claim; and
        ``(3) describing any other information that may enhance the 
    effectiveness of the claims process under this section.
    ``(i) Definitions.--In this section:
        ``(1) Covered military medical treatment facility.--The term 
    `covered military medical treatment facility' means a facility 
    described in subsection (b), (c), or (d) of section 1073d of this 
    title.
        ``(2) Department of defense health care provider.--The term 
    `Department of Defense health care provider' means a member of the 
    uniformed services, civilian employee of the Department of Defense, 
    or personal services contractor of the Department (under section 
    1091 of this title) authorized by the Department to provide health 
    care services and acting within the scope of employment of such 
    individual.
        ``(3) Member of the uniformed services.--The term `member of 
    the uniformed services' includes a member of a reserve component of 
    the armed forces if the claim by the member under this section is 
    in connection with personal injury or death that occurred while the 
    member was in Federal status.''.
        (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning 
    of chapter 163 of such title is amended by inserting after the item 
    relating to section 2733 the following new item:

``2733a. Medical malpractice claims by members of the uniformed 
          services.''.

    (b) Interim Briefing on Development of Regulations.--Not later than 
180 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of 
Defense shall provide to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate 
and the House of Representatives a briefing on the development of 
regulations under section 2733a(f) of title 10, United States Code, as 
added by subsection (a)(1).
    (c) Conforming Amendments.--
        (1) Section 2735 of such title is amended by striking ``2733,'' 
    and inserting ``2733, 2733a,''.
        (2) Section 1304(a)(3)(D) of title 31, United States Code, is 
    amended by striking ``2733,'' and inserting ``2733, 2733a,''.
    (d) Effective Date and Transition Provision.--
        (1) Effective date.--The amendments made by this section shall 
    apply to any claim filed under section 2733a of such title, as 
    added by subsection (a)(1), on or after January 1, 2020.
        (2) Transition.--Any claim filed in calendar year 2020 shall be 
    deemed to be filed within the time period specified in section 
    2733a(b)(4) of such title, as so added, if it is filed within three 
    years after it accrues.
    SEC. 732. EXTENSION AND CLARIFICATION OF AUTHORITY FOR JOINT 
      DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE-DEPARTMENT OF VETERANS AFFAIRS MEDICAL 
      FACILITY DEMONSTRATION FUND.
    Title XVII of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 2010 (Public Law 111-84; 123 Stat. 2567) is amended--
        (1) in section 1701--
            (A) in subsection (a), by striking ``Subject to subsection 
        (b), the'' and inserting ``The'';
            (B) by striking subsection (b); and
            (C) by redesignating subsections (c) through (f) as 
        subsections (b) through (e), respectively;
        (2) in section 1702(a)(1), by striking ``hereafter in this 
    title'' and inserting ``in this section'';
        (3) in section 1703, in subsections (a) and (c), by striking 
    ``the facility'' and inserting ``the James A. Lovell Federal Health 
    Care Center'';
        (4) in section 1704--
            (A) in subsections (a)(3), (a)(4)(A), and (b)(1), by 
        striking ``the facility'' and inserting ``the James A. Lovell 
        Federal Health Care Center''; and
            (B) in subsection (e), as most recently amended by section 
        731 of the John S. McCain National Defense Authorization Act 
        for Fiscal Year 2019 (Public Law 115-232), by striking 
        ``September 30, 2020'' and inserting ``September 30, 2021'';
        (5) in section 1705--
            (A) in subsection (a), by striking ``the facility'' and 
        inserting ``the James A. Lovell Federal Health Care Center (in 
        this section referred to as the `JALFHCC')'';
            (B) in subsection (b), in the matter preceding paragraph 
        (1), by striking ``the facility'' and inserting ``the 
        JALFHCC''; and
            (C) in subsection (c)--
                (i) by striking ``the facility'' each place it appears 
            and inserting ``the JALFHCC''; and
                (ii) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
        ``(4) To permit the JALFHCC to enter into personal services 
    contracts to carry out health care responsibilities in the JALFHCC 
    to the same extent and subject to the same conditions and 
    limitations as apply under section 1091 of title 10, United States 
    Code, to the Secretary of Defense with respect to health care 
    responsibilities in medical treatment facilities of the Department 
    of Defense.''.
    SEC. 733. APPOINTMENT OF NON-EX OFFICIO MEMBERS OF THE HENRY M. 
      JACKSON FOUNDATION FOR THE ADVANCEMENT OF MILITARY MEDICINE.
    (a) Appointment by Non-ex Officio Members.--Subparagraph (C) of 
paragraph (1) of section 178(c) of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended to read as follows:
        ``(C) six members, each of whom shall be appointed at the 
    expiration of the term of a m