Text: S.1909 — 116th Congress (2019-2020)All Information (Except Text)

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Introduced in Senate (06/19/2019)


116th CONGRESS
1st Session
S. 1909


To amend title 23, United States Code, to ensure that Federal-aid highways and bridges are more resilient, and for other purposes.


IN THE SENATE OF THE UNITED STATES

June 19, 2019

Mrs. Gillibrand introduced the following bill; which was read twice and referred to the Committee on Environment and Public Works


A BILL

To amend title 23, United States Code, to ensure that Federal-aid highways and bridges are more resilient, and for other purposes.

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled,

SECTION 1. Short title.

This Act may be cited as the “Resilient Highways Act of 2019”.

SEC. 2. National highway performance program.

Section 119 of title 23, United States Code, is amended—

(1) in subsection (b)—

(A) in paragraph (2), by striking “and” at the end;

(B) in paragraph (3), by striking the period at the end and inserting “; and”; and

(C) by adding at the end the following:

“(4) to provide support for measures to increase the resiliency of Federal-aid highways and bridges on and off the National Highway System to mitigate the impacts of sea level rise and extreme weather events.”; and

(2) by adding at the end the following:

“(k) Protective features.—

“(1) IN GENERAL.—A State may use not more than 15 percent of the funds apportioned to the State under section 104(b)(1) for each fiscal year for a protective feature on a Federal-aid highway or bridge, if the protective feature is an economically justified improvement designed to mitigate the risk of recurring damage or the cost of future repairs from extreme weather, flooding, and other natural disasters.

“(2) PROTECTIVE FEATURES DESCRIBED.—A protective feature referred to in paragraph (1) may include—

“(A) raising roadway grades;

“(B) relocating roadways in a floodplain to higher ground above projected flood elevation levels or away from slide prone areas;

“(C) stabilizing slide areas;

“(D) stabilizing slopes;

“(E) installing riprap;

“(F) lengthening or raising bridges to increase waterway openings;

“(G) deepening channels to prevent flooding;

“(H) increasing the size or number of drainage structures;

“(I) replacing culverts with bridges or upsizing culverts;

“(J) repairing or maintaining tide gates;

“(K) installing seismic retrofits on bridges;

“(L) adding scour protection at bridges;

“(M) adding spur dikes;

“(N) the use of natural infrastructure to mitigate the risk of recurring damage or the cost of future repair from extreme weather, flooding, and other natural disasters; and

“(O) any other features that mitigate the risk of recurring damage or the cost of future repair as a result of extreme weather, flooding, and other natural disasters, as determined by the Secretary.

“(3) SAVINGS PROVISION.—Nothing in this subsection limits the ability of a State to carry out a project otherwise eligible under subsection (d) using funds apportioned under section 104(b)(1).”.

SEC. 3. Federal share payable.

Section 120(c) of title 23, United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following:

“(4) PROTECTIVE FEATURES.—

“(A) IN GENERAL.—Notwithstanding any other provision of law, the Federal share payable for the cost of a protective feature on a Federal-aid highway or bridge project under this title may be up to 100 percent, at the discretion of the State, if the protective feature is an economically justified improvement to mitigate the risk of recurring damage or the cost of future repair from extreme weather, flooding, and other natural disasters.

“(B) PROTECTIVE FEATURES DESCRIBED.—A protective feature referred to in subparagraph (A) may include—

“(i) raising roadway grades;

“(ii) relocating roadways in a floodplain to higher ground above projected flood elevation levels or away from slide prone areas;

“(iii) stabilizing slide areas;

“(iv) stabilizing slopes;

“(v) installing riprap;

“(vi) lengthening or raising bridges to increase waterway openings;

“(vii) deepening channels to prevent flooding;

“(viii) increasing the size or number of drainage structures;

“(ix) replacing culverts with bridges or upsizing culverts;

“(x) repairing or maintaining tide gates;

“(xi) installing seismic retrofits on bridges;

“(xii) adding scour protection at bridges;

“(xiii) adding spur dikes;

“(xiv) the use of natural infrastructure to mitigate the risk of recurring damage or the cost of future repair from extreme weather, flooding, and other natural disasters; and

“(xv) any other features that mitigate the risk of recurring damage or the cost of future repair as a result of extreme weather, flooding, and other natural disasters, as determined by the Secretary.”.

SEC. 4. Emergency relief.

Section 125 of title 23, United States Code, is amended—

(1) in subsection (a)(1), by inserting “wildfire, sea level rise,” after “severe storm”;

(2) by striking subsection (b) and inserting the following:

“(b) Restriction on eligibility.—Funds under this section shall not be used for the repair or reconstruction of a bridge that has been permanently closed to all vehicular traffic by the State or responsible local official because of imminent danger of collapse due to a structural deficiency or physical deterioration.”; and

(3) in subsection (d)—

(A) in paragraph (2)(A)—

(i) by striking the period at the end and inserting “; and”

(ii) by striking “a facility that meets the current” and inserting the following: “a facility that—

“(i) meets the current”; and

(iii) by adding at the end the following:

“(ii) incorporates economically justifiable improvements designed to mitigate the risk of recurring damage from extreme weather, flooding, and other natural disasters.”;

(B) by redesignating paragraphs (3) through (5) as paragraphs (4) through (6), respectively; and

(C) by inserting after paragraph (2) the following:

“(3) PROTECTIVE FEATURES.—

“(A) IN GENERAL.—The cost of an improvement that is part of a project under this section shall be an eligible expense under this section if the improvement is a protective feature that is economically justified to mitigate the risk of recurring damage or the cost of future repair from extreme weather, flooding, and other natural disasters.

“(B) PROTECTIVE FEATURES DESCRIBED.—A protective feature referred to in subparagraph (A) may include—

“(i) raising roadway grades;

“(ii) relocating roadways in a floodplain to higher ground above projected flood elevation levels or away from slide prone areas;

“(iii) stabilizing slide areas;

“(iv) stabilizing slopes;

“(v) installing riprap;

“(vi) lengthening or raising bridges to increase waterway openings;

“(vii) deepening channels to prevent flooding;

“(viii) increasing the size or number of drainage structures;

“(ix) replacing culverts with bridges or upsizing culverts;

“(x) repairing or maintaining tide gates;

“(xi) installing seismic retrofits on bridges;

“(xii) adding scour protection at bridges;

“(xiii) adding spur dikes;

“(xiv) the use of natural infrastructure to mitigate the risk of recurring damage or the cost of future repair from extreme weather, flooding, and other natural disasters; and

“(xv) any other features that mitigate the risk of recurring damage or the cost of future repair as a result of extreme weather, flooding, and other natural disasters, as determined by the Secretary.”.