Text: S.2245 — 116th Congress (2019-2020)All Information (Except Text)

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Introduced in Senate (07/24/2019)


116th CONGRESS
1st Session
S. 2245


To cap noninterest Federal spending as a percentage of potential GDP to right-size the Government, grow the economy, and balance the budget.


IN THE SENATE OF THE UNITED STATES

July 24, 2019

Mr. Braun (for himself and Mr. Young) introduced the following bill; which was read twice and referred to the Committee on the Budget


A BILL

To cap noninterest Federal spending as a percentage of potential GDP to right-size the Government, grow the economy, and balance the budget.

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled,

SECTION 1. Short title.

This title may be cited as the “Maximizing America’s Prosperity Act of 2019”.

SEC. 2. Total spending limits.

(a) Total Spending Limits.—Section 251 of the Balanced Budget and Emergency Deficit Control Act of 1985 (2 U.S.C. 901) is amended to read as follows:

“SEC. 251. Total spending limits.

“(a) Projections.—

“(1) OMB REPORT.—OMB shall prepare a report comparing projected total spending under section 257 and the total spending limits in subsection (c), and include such report in the budget as submitted by the President annually under section 1105(a) of title 31, United States Code.

“(2) CBO REPORT.—CBO shall prepare a report comparing projected total spending under section 257 and the total spending limits in subsection (c), and include such report in the CBO annual baseline and reestimate of the President’s budget.

“(3) INCLUSION IN SPENDING REDUCTION ORDERS.—Reports prepared pursuant to this subsection shall be included in a spending reduction order issued under subsection (b).

“(b) Spending Reduction Order.—

“(1) IN GENERAL.—Within 15 calendar days after Congress adjourns to end a session, there shall be a spending reduction order under section 254(f)(4).

“(2) CALCULATION OF SPENDING REDUCTION.—Subject to paragraph (3), each non-exempt budget account shall be reduced by a dollar amount calculated by multiplying the enacted level of sequestrable budgetary resources in that account at that time by the uniform percentage necessary to achieve the required automatic spending reduction.

“(3) LIMITATION ON REDUCTION.—No budget account shall be subject to a spending reduction of more than 5 percent of the budgetary resources of the budget account.

“(c) Fiscal Years of the Total Spending Period.—The total spending limit for each fiscal year shall be as follows:

“(1) Fiscal year 2022: 18.9 percent of potential GDP.

“(2) Fiscal year 2023: 18.6 percent of potential GDP.

“(3) Fiscal year 2024: 18.2 percent of potential GDP.

“(4) Fiscal year 2025: 18.4 percent of potential GDP.

“(5) Fiscal year 2026: 18.4 percent of potential GDP.

“(6) Fiscal year 2027: 18.2 percent of potential GDP.

“(7) Fiscal year 2028: 18.6 percent of potential GDP.

“(8) Fiscal year 2029: 17.9 percent of potential GDP.

“(9) Fiscal year 2030: 17.7 percent of potential GDP.

“(10) Fiscal year 2031 and subsequent fiscal years: 17.5 percent of potential GDP.

“(d) Reduction for unfunded Federal mandates.—The amount determined under subsection (c) with respect to each fiscal year shall be reduced by an amount equal to the amount of the unfunded direct costs with respect to such fiscal year of Federal mandates (as such terms are defined in section 421 of the Congressional Budget Act of 1974 (2 U.S.C. 658)) enacted after the date of the enactment of the Maximizing America’s Prosperity Act of 2019. Such amount shall not be treated as being less than zero with respect to any fiscal year.”.

(b) Definitions.—Section 250(c) of the Balanced Budget and Emergency Deficit Control Act of 1985 (2 U.S.C. 900(c)) is amended by adding at the end the following:

“(22) (A) The term ‘total spending’ means all budget authority and outlays of the Government excluding net interest.

“(B) The term ‘total spending limit’ means the maximum permissible total spending of the Government set forth as a percentage of estimated potential GDP specified in section 251(c).

“(23) The term ‘potential GDP’ means the gross domestic product that would occur if the economy were at full employment, not exceeding the employment level at which inflation would accelerate.”.

(c) Conforming amendments.—Part C of the Balanced Budget and Emergency Deficit Control Act of 1985 (2 U.S.C. 900 et seq.) is amended—

(1) in section 254 (2 U.S.C. 904)—

(A) in subsection (a), in the table, by inserting “and spending reduction” after “sequestration” each place it appears;

(B) in subsection (c)—

(i) in the subsection heading, by inserting “and spending reduction” after “Sequestration”;

(ii) in paragraph (1), by striking “discretionary, pay-as-you-go, and deficit sequestration” and inserting “pay-as-you-go and deficit sequestration and regarding spending reduction”;

(iii) by striking paragraph (2) and inserting the following:

“(2) SPENDING REDUCTION REPORT.—The preview reports shall set forth for the budget year estimates for each of the following:

“(A) Estimated total spending.

“(B) Estimate of potential GDP.

“(C) The spending reduction necessary to comply with the total spending limit under section 251(c).”;

(C) in subsection (e)—

(i) in the subsection heading, by inserting “and spending reduction” after “Sequestration”; and

(ii) by inserting “and spending reduction” after “sequestration” each place it appears; and

(D) in subsection (f)—

(i) in the subsection heading, by inserting “and spending reduction” after “Sequestration”;

(ii) in paragraph (1), by inserting “and spending reduction” after “sequestration”;

(iii) by striking paragraph (2);

(iv) by redesignating paragraphs (3), (4), and (5) as paragraphs (2), (3), and (4), respectively; and

(v) in paragraph (2), as so redesignated—

(I) in the heading, by inserting “and spending reduction ” before “ reports”;

(II) in the first sentence, by inserting “spending reduction report” after “preview reports”; and

(III) by striking the second sentence and inserting the following: “In addition, these reports shall contain, for the budget year, for each account to be sequestered or subject to a spending reduction, as the case may be, estimates of the baseline level of sequestrable or reducible budgetary resources and resulting outlays and the amount of budgetary resources to be sequestered or reduced and resulting outlay reductions.”;

(vi) in paragraph (3), as so redesignated, by striking “sequesterable” and inserting “sequestrable or reducible”; and

(vii) in paragraph (4), as so redesignated—

(I) by inserting “or spending reduction” after “final sequestration”;

(II) by inserting “or spending reduction” before “is required”; and

(III) by inserting “or spending reductions, as the case may be,” after “sequestrations”;

(2) in section 257(a) (2 U.S.C. 907(a)), by inserting “total spending,” after “outlays,”; and

(3) in section 258C(a)(1) (2 U.S.C. 907d(a)(1))—

(A) by inserting “or spending reduction” after “sequestration” each place the term appears; and

(B) by striking “252 or 253” and inserting “251, 252, or 253”.

(d) Table of contents.—The table of contents in section 250(a) of the Balanced Budget and Emergency Deficit Control Act of 1985 (2 U.S.C. 900(a)) is amended by striking the item relating to section 251 and inserting the following:


“Sec. 251. Total spending limits.”.

SEC. 3. Allocation for emergencies.

(a) In general.—Section 302(a) of the Congressional Budget Act of 1974 (2 U.S.C. 633(a)) is amended by adding at the end the following new paragraph:

“(6) ALLOCATION TO THE COMMITTEES ON APPROPRIATIONS FOR EMERGENCIES.—Of the amounts of new budget authority and outlays allocated to the Committees on Appropriations for the first fiscal year of the concurrent resolution on the budget, 1 percent shall be designated as for emergencies and may be used for no other purpose.”.

(b) Budget of the President.—Section 1105(a)(14) of title 31, United States Code, is amended by inserting “, including an amount for emergency spending not less than 1 percent of all discretionary spending for that year” before the period.


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