Text: S.2281 — 116th Congress (2019-2020)All Information (Except Text)

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Introduced in Senate (07/25/2019)


116th CONGRESS
1st Session
S. 2281


To amend chapter 11 of title 35, United States Code, to require the voluntary collection of demographic information for patent applications, and for other purposes.


IN THE SENATE OF THE UNITED STATES

July 25, 2019

Ms. Hirono (for herself and Mr. Tillis) introduced the following bill; which was read twice and referred to the Committee on the Judiciary


A BILL

To amend chapter 11 of title 35, United States Code, to require the voluntary collection of demographic information for patent applications, and for other purposes.

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled,

SECTION 1. Short title.

This Act may be cited as the “Inventor Diversity for Economic Advancement Act of 2019” or the “IDEA Act”.

SEC. 2. Collection of demographic information for patent applications.

(a) Amendment.—Chapter 11 of title 35, United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new section:

§ 124. Collection of demographic information for patent applications

“(a) Voluntary collection.—The Director shall provide for the collection of demographic information, including gender, race, ethnicity, national origin, sexual orientation, age, military or veterans status, disability (as defined in section 3 of the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 (42 U.S.C. 12102)), education level attained, and income level, related to each inventor listed with an application for patent, that may be submitted voluntarily by that inventor.

“(b) Access to information.—Any information submitted under subsection (a) shall be kept confidential and separate from the application for patent. The Director shall establish appropriate procedures to ensure the confidentiality of any information submitted under subsection (a) and to ensure that demographic information is not included when the application for patent is examined.

“(c) Publication of demographic information.—

“(1) REPORT REQUIRED.—Not later than January 31 of each year, the Director shall publish a report that includes, except as provided in paragraph (2), the following:

“(A) The total number of patent applications filed during the previous year disaggregated by demographic information described in subsection (a) and by class number and title.

“(B) The total number of patents issued during the previous year disaggregated by demographic information described in subsection (a) and by class number and title.

“(2) PRIVACY.—Personally identifying information may not be included in the report described in paragraph (1).

“(3) FORMAT.—The report described in paragraph (1) shall be made available in a format that allows the demographic information to be cross-tabulated to review subgroups.

“(4) DATA AVAILABILITY.—The Director shall make the data underlying the report described in paragraph (1) publicly available online in a format that is sortable by demographic information described in subsection (a), class number, and title.

“(d) Biannual report.—The Director shall submit to Congress a biannual report that evaluates the data collection process under this section, ease of access to the information by the public, and recommendations on how to improve data collection.”.

(b) Technical and conforming amendment.—The table of sections at the beginning of chapter 11 of title 35, United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new item:

“124. Collection of demographic information for patent applications.”.

(c) Deadline for biannual report.—Not later than 2 years after the date of the enactment of this Act, and every 2 years thereafter, the Under Secretary of Commerce for Intellectual Property and Director of the United States Patent and Trademark Office shall submit to Congress the biannual report required pursuant to section 124(d) of title 35, United States Code, as added by subsection (a).