Text: S.2422 — 116th Congress (2019-2020)All Information (Except Text)

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Introduced in Senate (08/01/2019)

 
[Congressional Bills 116th Congress]
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[S. 2422 Introduced in Senate (IS)]

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116th CONGRESS
  1st Session
                                S. 2422

 To advance the integration of clean distributed energy into electric 
                     grids, and for other purposes.


_______________________________________________________________________


                   IN THE SENATE OF THE UNITED STATES

                             August 1, 2019

 Mrs. Shaheen introduced the following bill; which was read twice and 
       referred to the Committee on Energy and Natural Resources

_______________________________________________________________________

                                 A BILL


 
 To advance the integration of clean distributed energy into electric 
                     grids, and for other purposes.

    Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the 
United States of America in Congress assembled,

SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE.

    This Act may be cited as the ``Clean Energy Grid Act of 2019''.

SEC. 2. FINDINGS.

    Congress finds that--
            (1) research by the Secretary of Energy and the 
        Administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency has found 
        that clean distributed energy technologies can create important 
        values for both the host facility and the electric grid 
        operator;
            (2) the values described in paragraph (1) can include, for 
        the host facility--
                    (A) energy bill savings;
                    (B) additional revenue from offering ancillary 
                services to the electric grid operator;
                    (C) increased electric reliability in the event of 
                grid outages; and
                    (D) improved electric power quality;
            (3) the values described in paragraph (1) can include, for 
        the electric grid operator--
                    (A) avoiding the need for transmission and 
                distribution upgrade investments;
                    (B) enhanced grid stability by providing reactive 
                power;
                    (C) voltage and frequency stabilization; and
                    (D) more reliable and stable operation of the grid 
                by providing dispatchable energy to the grid during 
                periods of insufficient capacity or supply; and
            (4) new advances in intelligent sensing and simulation and 
        control technologies offer the potential to enhance the 
        benefits of clean distributed generation to both the host 
        facility and the electric grid operator from dynamic, adaptive, 
        and anticipatory response to changing grid conditions.

SEC. 3. DEFINITIONS.

    In this Act:
            (1) Ancillary service.--The term ``ancillary service'' 
        means those services necessary to support the transmission of 
        electric power from seller to purchaser given the obligations 
        of control areas and transmitting utilities within those 
        control areas to maintain reliable operations of the 
        interconnected transmission system.
            (2) Clean distributed energy.--The term ``clean distributed 
        energy'' means energy technologies that are located on or near 
        the customer site operating on the customer side of the 
        electric meter and are interconnected with the electric grid, 
        including--
                    (A) clean electric generation;
                    (B) customer electric efficiency measures;
                    (C) electric demand flexibility; and
                    (D) energy storage.
            (3) Grid.--The term ``grid'' means the electric grid that 
        is composed of both distribution and transmission lines, and 
        associated facilities, including substations, sensors, and 
        operational controls.
            (4) Intelligence.--The term ``intelligence'' means any 
        devices or technologies that manifest adaptive, anticipatory, 
        and dynamic optimization behavior.
            (5) Secretary.--The term ``Secretary'' means the Secretary 
        of Energy.

SEC. 4. RESEARCH AND DEPLOYMENT PLAN FOR ENHANCED INTEGRATION OF CLEAN 
              DISTRIBUTED ENERGY WITH THE GRID.

    (a) In General.--The Secretary shall carry out efforts for 
advancing the integration of clean distributed energy into electric 
grids.
    (b) Study and Report on the Status of Grid Integration.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
        enactment of this Act, the Secretary, after consultation with 
        State public utility commissions, State energy offices, 
        regional transmission organizations, electric and natural gas 
        utilities, independent power producers, clean distributed 
        energy providers, public interest organizations, and other 
        appropriate stakeholders, shall conduct a study on the status 
        of integration of clean distributed energy into the grid, 
        identifying any issues that require additional research or 
        regulatory development.
            (2) Inclusions.--In conducting the study under paragraph 
        (1), the Secretary shall--
                    (A) identify and quantify the benefits to all 
                stakeholders of expanded integration of clean 
                distributed energy resources into the grid;
                    (B) identify any technical issues (including 
                cybersecurity concerns) that require research to 
                identify solutions; and
                    (C) identify any regulatory barriers that inhibit 
                the expanded integration of clean distributed energy 
                resources into the grid.
            (3) Report.--Not later than 1 year after the date of 
        enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall submit to Congress a 
        report describing the results of the study conducted under 
        paragraph (1).
            (4) Best practices.--Based on the findings of the report 
        described in paragraph (3), the Secretary shall establish and 
        distribute to States best practices to encourage the 
        integration of clean distributed energy into the grid.
            (5) Funding.--The Secretary shall use unobligated funds of 
        the Department of Energy to carry out this subsection.
    (c) Research Into the Technical Barriers to the Integration of 
Clean Distributed Energy With the Grid.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than 18 months after the date of 
        enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall--
                    (A) issue a solicitation for research proposals to 
                address the technical barriers identified in the report 
                submitted under subsection (b)(3); and
                    (B) make grants to those applicants with research 
                proposals selected by the Secretary in accordance with 
                paragraph (2).
            (2) Criteria.--The Secretary shall select research 
        proposals to receive a grant under this subsection on the basis 
        of merit, using criteria identified by the Secretary, including 
        the likelihood that the research results will address critical 
        barriers identified by the Secretary.
            (3) Funding.--Beginning in the first full fiscal year 
        following the date of enactment of this Act, and annually 
        thereafter for 2 years, the Secretary may request funding as 
        necessary to carry out this subsection, but in no case shall 
        funding exceed $5,000,000 in any 1 fiscal year.
    (d) Creation of a Stakeholder Working Group.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than 18 months after the date of 
        enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall convene a working 
        group (referred to in this subsection as the ``Group'') to 
        address regulatory barriers to deployment of intelligent grid 
        integration of clean distributed energy technologies.
            (2) Purpose.--The purpose of the Group is to provide 
        guidance on how to address the regulatory and economic factors 
        that limit widespread integration of grid-level clean 
        distributed energy use in order to advance the integration of 
        clean distributed energy into electric grids.
            (3) Membership.--The Group shall be composed of--
                    (A) representatives from--
                            (i) State public utility commissions;
                            (ii) State energy offices;
                            (iii) regional transmission organizations;
                            (iv) electric and natural gas utilities;
                            (v) independent power producers;
                            (vi) clean distributed energy providers; 
                        and
                            (vii) public interest organizations; and
                    (B) any other appropriate stakeholders determined 
                by the Secretary to have a material interest in the 
                development, implementation, siting, and integration of 
                clean distributed energy technology or systems into the 
                electric grid.
            (4) Duties.--The duties of the Group shall be--
                    (A) to review the regulatory barriers identified in 
                the report prepared by the Secretary under subsection 
                (b)(3);
                    (B) to identify any additional regulatory barriers 
                that inhibit the installation of distributed energy; 
                and
                    (C) to recommend to the Secretary actions that 
                should be considered to remove the barriers identified 
                under subparagraphs (A) and (B).
            (5) Report.--Not later than 3 years after the date of 
        enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall prepare and submit 
        to Congress a report based on the recommendations of the Group 
        under paragraph (4)(C), to be made publicly available.
            (6) Funding.--The Secretary may request funding as 
        necessary to carry out this subsection, but in no case shall 
        funding exceed $2,000,000 in any 1 fiscal year.
    (e) Demonstrations of Intelligent Grid Integration of Clean 
Distributed Energy Systems.--
            (1) In general.--Based on the findings in the reports 
        conducted under this section and not later than 3 years after 
        the date of enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall issue a 
        solicitation for demonstration of integration of distributed 
        energy resources into the grid.
            (2) Eligible entities.--Any individual entity or group of 
        entities may submit to the Secretary proposals for 
        demonstration projects based on the solicitation described in 
        paragraph (1), including--
                    (A) State and local agencies;
                    (B) public institutions;
                    (C) private companies;
                    (D) electric and natural gas utilities; and
                    (E) equipment manufacturers.
            (3) Grants authorized.--The Secretary may make grants, in 
        amounts not to exceed a total of $5,000,000, to eligible 
        entities to carry out demonstration projects, to be selected 
        based on--
                    (A) the technical merits of the demonstration 
                project;
                    (B) the likelihood that the demonstration project 
                will address critical barriers identified by the 
                Secretary under this section; and
                    (C) the share of non-Federal funds for the 
                demonstration project.
            (4) Funding.--Beginning in the third full fiscal year 
        following the date of enactment of this Act, and annually 
        thereafter for 3 years, the Secretary may request funding as 
        necessary to carry out this subsection, but in no case shall 
        funding exceed $15,000,000 in any 1 fiscal year.
    (f) Report.--The Secretary annually shall submit to Congress a 
report that--
            (1) describes the progress made in carrying out this 
        section; and
            (2) identifies any technical or regulatory issues that 
        require legislative action.
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