S.2796 - Ensuring Disaster Recovery for Local Communities Act of 2019116th Congress (2019-2020) |
|Sponsor:||Sen. Tillis, Thom [R-NC] (Introduced 11/06/2019)|
|Committees:||Senate - Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs|
|Latest Action:||Senate - 11/06/2019 Read twice and referred to the Committee on Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs. (All Actions)|
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Text: S.2796 — 116th Congress (2019-2020)All Information (Except Text)
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Introduced in Senate (11/06/2019)
To expedite disaster assistance to States, insular areas, units of general local government, and Indian tribes under a community development block grant disaster recovery program, and for other purposes.
Mr. Tillis (for himself and Mr. Burr) introduced the following bill; which was read twice and referred to the Committee on Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs
To expedite disaster assistance to States, insular areas, units of general local government, and Indian tribes under a community development block grant disaster recovery program, and for other purposes.
Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled,
This Act may be cited as the “Ensuring Disaster Recovery for Local Communities Act of 2019”.
(a) In general.—Title I of the Housing and Community Development Act of 1974 (42 U.S.C. 5301 et seq.) is amended—
(1) in section 104(b) (42 U.S.C. 5304(b)), by inserting “or 123” after “106” each place that term appears; and
(2) by adding at the end the following:
“(1) a State;
“(2) an insular area;
“(3) a unit of general local government; and
“(4) an Indian tribe.
“(1) IN GENERAL.—The Secretary shall provide assistance under this section to eligible entities for necessary expenses for activities authorized under this title related to disaster relief, resiliency, long-term recovery, restoration of infrastructure and housing, mitigation, and economic revitalization in the most impacted and distressed areas resulting from a major disaster declared pursuant to the Robert T. Stafford Disaster Relief and Emergency Assistance Act (42 U.S.C. 5121 et seq.).
“(2) OTHER ASSISTANCE.—The Secretary may provide an appropriate amount of assistance to eligible entities outside an area described in paragraph (1) that receives displaced residents due to a major disaster declared pursuant to the Robert T. Stafford Disaster Relief and Emergency Assistance Act (42 U.S.C. 5121 et seq.) for the purpose of carrying out eligible activities to provide housing to and meet other disaster recovery needs of those displaced residents.
“(3) CONSIDERATION.—In carrying out eligible activities with assistance provided under this section, a grantee shall prioritize activities that address housing recovery needs and how to better recover from and withstand future disasters, prolong the life of housing and infrastructure, use cost-effective means of preventing harm to people and property, incorporate protective features, redundancies, energy savings, and other measures that will assure the continuation of critical services during future disasters.
“(1) DEADLINES FOR ALLOCATION OF AMOUNTS.—Except as provided in paragraph (2), after the enactment of an appropriations Act making funds available for assistance under this section, the Secretary shall allocate for grantees, based on the best available data—
“(A) not less than one-third of funds provided for assistance under this section, within 60 days of the date of enactment of that Act; and
“(B) all remaining unallocated funds to be awarded to grantees, within 180 days of such date of enactment.
“(2) INAPPLICABILITY OF DEADLINES BASED ON INSUFFICIENT INFORMATION.—The deadlines under paragraph (1) for allocation of funds shall not apply in the case of funds made available for assistance under this section until sufficient information has been made available to the Secretary to determine unmet recovery needs and make allocations in accordance with those deadlines.
“(3) DEVELOPMENT OF COMMON APPLICATION.—The Secretary, the Administrator of the Federal Emergency Management Agency, the Administrator of the Small Business Administration, and the heads of other appropriate agencies shall develop a common form—
“(A) for the purpose of applying for individual disaster assistance from the Department of Housing and Urban Development, the Federal Emergency Management Agency, or the Small Business Administration; and
“(B) that can be used and shared by all agencies providing individual disaster assistance and by the grantees and subgrantees as necessary.
“(1) REQUIREMENT.—Not later than 120 days after the allocation pursuant to subsection (c)(1)(B) of the funds made available by an appropriations Act for assistance under this section, and before the Secretary obligates any of such funds for a grantee, the grantee shall submit a plan to the Secretary for approval detailing the proposed use of all funds, which shall include, at a minimum—
“(i) address unmet needs relating to disaster relief, resiliency, long-term recovery and restoration of infrastructure and housing, and mitigation and economic revitalization in the most impacted and distressed areas; and
“(ii) provide assistance to impacted households experiencing homelessness or at risk of homelessness;
“(B) identification of officials and offices responsible for administering such funds and identifying and recovering duplicative benefits;
“(C) an agreement to share data with Federal agencies and other providers of disaster relief, which shall include information the grantee has regarding the matters described in subparagraph (B); and
“(D) a plan to provide case management services to disaster-impacted residents in identifying, understanding, and accessing available Federal assistance.
“(A) consult with affected residents, stakeholders, local governments, and public housing authorities to assess needs;
“(B) publish the plan in accordance with the requirements set forth by the Secretary, including a requirement to prominently post the plan on the website of the grantee for not less than 14 days;
“(C) ensure equal access for individuals with disabilities and individuals with limited English proficiency; and
“(D) publish the plan in a manner that affords residents, affected local governments, and other interested parties a reasonable opportunity to examine the contents of the plan and provide feedback.
“(3) APPROVAL.—The Secretary shall, by regulation, specify criteria for the approval of a plan submitted under paragraph (1), including approval of substantial amendments to the plan.
“(4) DISAPPROVAL.—The Secretary shall disapprove a plan or substantial amendment to a plan submitted under paragraph (1) if a plan or substantial amendment does not meet the approval criteria.
“(5) RESUBMISSION.—The Secretary shall permit a grantee to revise and resubmit a plan that the Secretary disapproves under paragraph (4).
“(6) TIMING.—The Secretary shall approve or disapprove a plan submitted under paragraph (1) not later than 90 days after the date on which the plan is submitted to the Secretary.
“(A) proficient financial controls and procurement processes;
“(B) adequate procedures to ensure that amounts made available under this section provide the broadest benefit possible to eligible families and individuals that are approved for assistance;
“(i) ensure timely expenditure of funds; and
“(ii) detect and prevent waste, fraud, and abuse of funds; and
“(D) adequate procedures to ensure the grantee will maintain comprehensive and publicly accessible websites that make available information regarding all disaster recovery activities assisted with such funds, which information shall include any resulting contract, agreement, or other disposition of requests for qualification of assistance or for procurement with such funds.
“(2) REQUIREMENT.—The procedures described in paragraph (1)(D) shall ensure that personally identifiable information regarding recipients of assistance provided from funds made available under this section shall not be made publicly available.
“(3) CERTIFICATION.—As a condition of making any grant, the Secretary shall certify in advance that the grantee has in place the processes and procedures required under paragraph (1).
“(A) may use not more than 5 percent of the amount of grant funds received for administrative costs; and
“(B) shall document the use of funds for the purpose described in subparagraph (A) in accordance with such requirements as the Secretary shall establish.
“(A) LIMITATION.—Of any funds made available for use under this section by any single appropriations Act, the Secretary may use 0.5 percent of any such amount for necessary costs, including information technology costs, of administering and overseeing the obligation and expenditure of amounts made available for use under this section.
“(i) shall be transferred to the account for ‘Program Office Salaries and Expenses—Community Planning and Development’ for the Department of Housing and Urban Development;
“(ii) shall remain available until expended; and
“(iii) may be used for such administrative costs for administering any funds appropriated to the Department of Housing and Urban Development for any disaster and related purposes in any prior or future Act making funds available for use under this section, notwithstanding the disaster for which such funds were appropriated.
“(3) INSPECTOR GENERAL.—Of any funds made available for use in accordance with paragraph (2)(A), 10 percent shall be transferred to the Office of the Inspector General of the Department of Housing and Urban Development for necessary costs of audits, reviews, oversight, evaluation, and investigations relating to amounts made available for use under this section.
“(4) CAPACITY BUILDING.—Of any funds made available for use under this section, 2 percent may be made available for capacity building and technical assistance to support grantees and subgrantees receiving funds under this section.
“(A) follow the procurement processes and procedures of the grantee, but only if the Secretary makes a determination that those processes and procedures comply with the requirements under paragraph (2); or
“(B) comply with such processes and procedures as the Secretary shall, by regulation, establish for purposes of this section.
“(A) provide for full and open competition and require cost or price analysis;
“(B) include requirements for procurement policies and procedures for subgrantees, based on full and open competition;
“(C) specify methods of procurement and their applicability, but not allow for cost-plus-a-percentage-of cost or percentage-of-construction-cost methods of procurement;
“(D) include standards of conduct governing employees engaged in the award or administration of contracts; and
“(E) ensure that all purchase orders and contracts include any clauses required by statute or implementing regulation.
“(3) NONCOMPLIANCE.—In the case of a grantee for which the Secretary finds pursuant to paragraph (1)(A) that the procurement processes and procedures of the grantee do not comply with paragraph (2), the Secretary shall—
“(A) provide the grantee with specific written notice of the elements of noncompliance and the changes necessary to those processes and procedures to provide for compliance;
“(B) provide the grantee a reasonable period of time to come into compliance; and
“(C) during the period of time described in subparagraph (B), allow the grantee to proceed with procuring property and services paid for in whole or in part with amounts from a grant under this section in compliance with the procurement processes and procedures of the grantee, but only if the Secretary periodically affirmatively determines that the grantee is making a good faith effort to effectuate compliance with the requirements of paragraph (2).
“(h) Treatment of CDBG allocations.—Amounts made available for use under this section shall not be considered relevant to the non-disaster formula allocations made pursuant to section 106.
“(1) AUTHORITY.—Subject to the other provisions of this section, in administering amounts made available for use under this section, the Secretary may waive, or specify alternative requirements for, any provision of any statute or regulation that the Secretary administers in connection with the obligation by the Secretary or the use by the recipient of those funds (except for requirements related to fair housing, nondiscrimination, labor standards, flood risk management, and the environment and except for the requirements of this section), if the Secretary makes a public finding that good cause exists for the waiver or alternative requirement and the waiver or alternative requirement would not be inconsistent with the overall purpose of this title.
“(2) NOTICE AND PUBLICATION.—Any waiver of or alternative requirement pursuant to paragraph (1) shall not take effect before the expiration of the 15-day period beginning upon the publication of notice in the Federal Register of such waiver or alternative requirement.
“(3) LOW- AND MODERATE-INCOME USE.—A waiver pursuant to paragraph (1) may not reduce the percentage of funds that is required to be used for activities that benefit persons of low- and moderate-income to less than 70 percent of the total allocation, unless the Secretary specifically finds that there is compelling need to further reduce the percentage requirement and that funds are not necessary to address the housing needs of low- and moderate-income residents.
“(4) PROHIBITION.—The Secretary may not waive any provision of this section pursuant to the authority under paragraph (1).
“(1) ADOPTION.—Notwithstanding subsection (k)(1), recipients of funds provided under this section that use the funds to supplement Federal assistance provided under section 402, 403, 404, 406, 407, 408(c)(4), 428, or 502 of the Robert T. Stafford Disaster Relief and Emergency Assistance Act (42 U.S.C. 5170a, 5170b, 5170c, 5172, 5173, 5174(c)(4), 5189f, 5192) may adopt, without review or public comment, any environmental review, approval, or permit performed by a Federal agency, and that adoption shall satisfy the responsibilities of the recipient with respect to the environmental review, approval, or permit under section 104(g)(1).
“(2) RELEASE OF FUNDS.—Notwithstanding section 104(g)(2), the Secretary may, upon receipt of a request for release of funds and certification, immediately approve the release of funds for an activity or project assisted with amounts made available for use under this section if the recipient has adopted an environmental review, approval, or permit under paragraph (1) or the activity or project is categorically excluded from review under the National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 (42 U.S.C. 4321 et seq.).
“(1) IN GENERAL.—The Secretary may carry out a program under this subsection to provide for units of general local government to pre-certify as eligible grantees for assistance under this section.
“(2) REQUIREMENTS.—To be eligible for pre-certification under the program under this subsection, a unit of general local government shall demonstrate to the satisfaction of the Secretary the capacity to comply with the requirements of this section.
“(A) EXPEDITED APPROVAL PROCESSES.—The Secretary shall establish and maintain processes for expediting approval of plans for units of general local government that are pre-certified under this subsection.
“(i) establish any entitlement to, or priority or preference for, allocation of funds made available under this section; or
“(ii) exempt any grantee from complying with any of the requirements under, or established pursuant to, subsection (c) or (d).
“(4) DURATION.—Pre-certification under the program under this subsection shall be effective for a term of 5 years.
“(A) the date that the grantee of such amounts notifies the Secretary that the grantee has completed all activities identified in the grantee’s plan for use of such amounts that was approved by the Secretary in connection with the grant;
“(B) recapture of funds from the grantee or repayment of funds by the grantee; or
“(C) the expiration of the 10-year period beginning upon the Secretary obligating such amounts to the grantee, as such period may be extended pursuant to paragraph (2),
the Secretary shall transfer such unexpended amounts to the Secretary of the Treasury for deposit into the Community Development Block Grant Disaster Recovery Reserve Fund established under section 124, except that the Secretary may, by regulation, permit the grantee to retain amounts needed to close out the grant.
“(2) EXTENSION OF PERIOD FOR USE OF FUNDS.—The period under paragraph (1)(C) shall be extended by not more than 3 years if the Secretary waives this requirement and submits a written justification for the waiver to the Committees on Appropriations of the House of Representatives and the Senate that specifies the period of that extension.
“(1) DEFINITION OF COVERED GRANTEE.—In this subsection, the term ‘covered grantee’ means a grantee under this title that receives funds from an appropriations Act to carry out the purposes of this section to address the damage in an area for which the President has declared a major disaster under section 401 of the Robert T. Stafford Disaster Relief and Emergency Assistance Act (42 U.S.C. 5170).
“(A) to meet on the date that is 6 months after the date on which funds have been obligated by the covered grantee; and
“(B) to meet every 6 months thereafter until all funds have been expended by the covered grantee.
“(A) IN GENERAL.—A covered grantee that fails to meet the spending thresholds established under paragraph (2) shall submit to the Secretary, the appropriate committees of Congress, and each member of Congress who represents a district or State of the covered grantee a written report identifying technical capacity, funding, or other Federal or State impediments affecting the ability of the covered grantee to meet the spending thresholds.
“(B) PUBLICATION.—Not later than 30 days after the date on which the Secretary receives a report under subparagraph (A), the Secretary shall make the report publicly available on the website of the Department of Housing and Urban Development.
“(1) IN GENERAL.—Upon request, the Secretary may allow counties, municipalities, Indian tribes, or other local subdivisions with a demonstrated record of administering funds under this title to become a subgrantee of the covered grantee.
“(2) CAPACITY BUILDING.—A county, municipality, Indian tribe, or other local subdivision lacking a demonstrated record of administrating funds under this title may request technical assistance and training, including by detailing a sufficient number of employees from the Department of Housing and Urban Development, from the Secretary to work directly with the subgrantee in order to become an eligible subgrantee for purposes of paragraph (1).
“(3) TRANSFER OF PLAN.—A subgrantee described in paragraph (1) may transfer and adopt a community development plan described in section 104(m) that has been previously approved by the Secretary.
“(4) TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE.—Upon request of a subgrantee described in paragraph (1), the Secretary may provide additional technical assistance to the subgrantee to assist the subgrantee in administering and expediting the delivery of funds, including by detailing an employee of the Department of Housing and Urban Development to work with the subgrantee.
“(5) NOTICE.—A subgrantee described in paragraph (1) shall notify the covered grantee of its intent to become a subgrantee.
“(6) ASSUMING DUTIES OF SUBGRANTEE.—If a subgrantee described in paragraph (1) fails to expend funds in a reasonable timeframe, the Secretary or the covered grantee may assume the duties of the subgrantee to administer recovery funding, provided that the subgrantee is given adequate notice and an opportunity to remedy the slow expenditure of funds.
“(A) IN GENERAL.—At the request of any covered grantee or any subgrantee described in paragraph (1), the Secretary shall designate and deploy community recovery support teams to provide the technical assistance and capacity building described in paragraph (2).
“(B) COMPOSITION.—Each community recovery support team deployed under subparagraph (A) shall consist of employees of the regional offices of the Department of Housing and Urban Development with expertise in disaster relief assistance provided under this title.
“(C) TRAINING.—The Secretary may provide additional employee training as needed to fulfill the requirements of this paragraph.
“(8) REGULATIONS.—The Secretary shall promulgate regulations to carry out this subsection.
“(a) Establishment.—There is established in the Treasury of the United States an account to be known as the Community Development Block Grant Disaster Recovery Reserve Fund (in this section referred to as the ‘Fund’).
“(1) IN GENERAL.—There are authorized to be appropriated to the Fund such sums as may be necessary to carry out the activities authorized under this Act, to remain available until expended, except that not more than $50,000,000 is authorized to be appropriated for the first fiscal year beginning after the date that is 1 year after the date of enactment of this section, and each fiscal year thereafter.
“(2) TRANSFER.—Amounts made available through section 106(c)(4) by actions taken under section 104(e) or 111 may be transferred to the Fund, to remain available until expended.
“(c) Use.—Amounts in the Fund shall be available only for providing assistance under section 123, but only to the extent provided in advance in appropriations Acts.”.
(1) PROPOSED RULES.—Not later than 6 months after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Housing and Urban Development shall issue proposed rules to carry out sections 123 and 124 of the Housing and Community Development Act of 1974, as added by the amendment made by subsection (a) of this section, and shall provide a 90-day period for submission of public comments on those proposed rules.
(2) FINAL RULES.—Not later than 1 year after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Housing and Urban Development shall issue final regulations to carry out sections 123 and 124 of the Housing and Community Development Act of 1974, as added by the amendment made by subsection (a) of this section.
Not later than 180 days after the date of enactment of this Act, the Comptroller General of the United States shall submit to Congress a report on the hazard mitigation grant program authorized under section 404 of the Robert T. Stafford Disaster Relief and Emergency Assistance Act (42 U.S.C. 5170c) (in this section referred to as the “program”), which shall include—
(1) an assessment of the utilization of the program for acquisition of flood-prone properties for hazard mitigation, including an analysis of the average length of time between the initial disaster and completion of the property acquisition;
(2) an assessment of the ability of the program to reduce exposure of Federal funds in future natural disasters;
(3) an assessment of how funds are tracked and monitored by the Federal Emergency Management Agency;
(4) recommendations on how to streamline the program to enhance resilience, expedite delivery of funds to program recipients, and increase transparency and accountability of the program; and
(5) an assessment of the potential to leverage private industry expertise in expediting property acquisitions.
Section 404(c)(3) of the Robert T. Stafford Disaster Relief and Emergency Assistance Act (42 U.S.C. 5170c(c)(3)) is amended by inserting “not later than 60 days after the date on which the application is submitted” before the period at the end.