Text: S.2849 — 116th Congress (2019-2020)All Information (Except Text)

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Introduced in Senate (11/13/2019)


116th CONGRESS
1st Session
S. 2849


To amend the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 to impose a corporate tax rate increase on companies whose ratio of compensation of the CEO or other highest paid employee to median worker compensation is more than 50 to 1, and for other purposes.


IN THE SENATE OF THE UNITED STATES

November 13, 2019

Mr. Schumer (for Mr. Sanders (for himself and Ms. Warren)) introduced the following bill; which was read twice and referred to the Committee on Finance


A BILL

To amend the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 to impose a corporate tax rate increase on companies whose ratio of compensation of the CEO or other highest paid employee to median worker compensation is more than 50 to 1, and for other purposes.

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled,

SECTION 1. Short title.

This Act may be cited as the “Tax Excessive CEO Pay Act of 2019”.

SEC. 2. Corporate tax increase based on compensation ratio.

(a) In general.—Section 11 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 is amended by adding at the end the following new subsection:

“(e) Tax increase based on pay ratio.—

“(1) IN GENERAL.—

“(A) INCREASE IMPOSED.—In the case of any corporation (except as provided in subparagraph (B)(ii)(II)) the pay ratio of which is greater than 50 to 1 for a taxable year, the 21 percent rate under subsection (b) for such taxable year shall be increased by the penalty determined under paragraph (2).

“(B) PAY RATIO.—For purposes of this subsection—

“(i) IN GENERAL.—The term ‘pay ratio’ means the ratio described in section 229.402(u)(1)(iii) of title 17, Code of Federal Regulations (or any successor thereto), except that if the highest compensated employee of the corporation is not the principal executive officer, the ratio shall be determined based on the compensation of such highest compensated employee.

“(ii) CORPORATIONS NOT SUBJECT TO SEC FILING.—In the case of a corporation which (without regard to this clause) is not subject to the authorities described in section 229.10(a) of title 17, Code of Federal Regulations (or any successor thereto)—

“(I) LARGE CORPORATIONS.—If the average annual gross receipts of such corporation for the 3-taxable-year period ending with the taxable year which precedes such taxable year are at least $100,000,000, such corporation shall calculate and report its pay ratio according to the method which the Secretary shall prescribe by regulations consistent with the regulation described in clause (i).

“(II) OTHER PRIVATE CORPORATIONS EXEMPT.—Subparagraph (A) shall not apply to any such corporation if the average annual gross receipts of such corporation for the 3-taxable-year period ending with the taxable year which precedes such taxable year are less than $100,000,000.

“(2) AMOUNT OF PENALTY.—The penalty determined under this paragraph is an increase, expressed in percentage points, determined in accordance with the following table:


“If the pay ratio is: The increase is:
Greater than 50 to 1, but not greater than 100 to 1 0.5
Greater than 100 to 1, but not greater than 200 to 1 1
Greater than 200 to 1, but not greater than 300 to 1 2
Greater than 300 to 1, but not greater than 400 to 1 3
Greater than 400 to 1, but not greater than 500 to 1 4
Greater than 500 to 1 5.”.

(b) Conforming amendments.—

(1) The following sections of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 are each amended by inserting “applicable to the corporation (after the application of section 11(e))” after “section 11(b)”:

(A) Section 280C(c)(3)(B)(ii)(II).

(B) Paragraphs (2)(B) and (6)(A)(ii) of section 860E(e).

(C) Section 7874(e)(1)(B).

(2) Section 852(b)(3)(A) of such Code is amended by inserting “(after the application of section 11(e))” after “section 11(b)”.

(3) Paragraphs (1) and (2) of section 1445(e)(1) of such Code are each amended by striking “in effect for the taxable year under section 11(b)” and inserting “applicable to such corporation under section 11 for the taxable year”.

(4) Section 1446(b)(2)(B) of such Code is amended by striking “specified in section 11(b)” and inserting “applicable to such corporation under section 11 for the taxable year”.

(c) Effective date.—The amendments made by this section shall apply to taxable years beginning after December 31, 2019.

(d) Regulations.—The Secretary of the Treasury (or the Secretary's delegate) shall issue regulations as necessary to prevent avoidance of the purposes of the amendments made by subsection (a), including regulations to prevent the manipulation of the compensation ratio under section 11(e) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 by changes to the composition of the workforce (including by using the services of contractors rather than employees).