Text: S.3045 — 116th Congress (2019-2020)All Information (Except Text)

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Introduced in Senate (12/12/2019)

 
[Congressional Bills 116th Congress]
[From the U.S. Government Publishing Office]
[S. 3045 Introduced in Senate (IS)]

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116th CONGRESS
  1st Session
                                S. 3045

  To amend the Homeland Security Act of 2002 to protect United States 
    critical infrastructure by ensuring that the Cybersecurity and 
 Infrastructure Security Agency has the legal tools it needs to notify 
    private and public sector entities put at risk by cybersecurity 
   vulnerabilities in the networks and systems that control critical 
                      assets of the United States.


_______________________________________________________________________


                   IN THE SENATE OF THE UNITED STATES

                           December 12, 2019

Mr. Johnson (for himself and Ms. Hassan) introduced the following bill; 
which was read twice and referred to the Committee on Homeland Security 
                        and Governmental Affairs

_______________________________________________________________________

                                 A BILL


 
  To amend the Homeland Security Act of 2002 to protect United States 
    critical infrastructure by ensuring that the Cybersecurity and 
 Infrastructure Security Agency has the legal tools it needs to notify 
    private and public sector entities put at risk by cybersecurity 
   vulnerabilities in the networks and systems that control critical 
                      assets of the United States.

    Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the 
United States of America in Congress assembled,

SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE.

    This Act may be cited as the ``Cybersecurity Vulnerability 
Identification and Notification Act of 2019''.

SEC. 2. SUBPOENA AUTHORITY.

    (a) In General.--Section 2209 of the Homeland Security Act of 2002 
(6 U.S.C. 659) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a)--
                    (A) by redesignating paragraph (6) as paragraph 
                (7); and
                    (B) by inserting after paragraph (5) the following:
            ``(6) the term `security vulnerability' has the meaning 
        given that term in section 102(17) of the Cybersecurity 
        Information Sharing Act of 2015 (6 U.S.C. 1501(17));'';
            (2) in subsection (c)--
                    (A) in paragraph (10), by striking ``and'' at the 
                end;
                    (B) in paragraph (11), by striking the period at 
                the end and inserting ``; and''; and
                    (C) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(12) detecting, identifying, and receiving information 
        about security vulnerabilities relating to critical 
        infrastructure in the information systems and devices of 
        Federal and non-Federal entities for a cybersecurity purpose, 
        as defined in section 102 of the Cybersecurity Information 
        Sharing Act of 2015 (6 U.S.C. 1501).''; and
            (3) by adding at the end the following:
    ``(n) Subpoena Authority.--
            ``(1) Definition.--In this subsection, the term `enterprise 
        device or system'--
                    ``(A) means a device or system commonly used to 
                perform industrial, commercial, scientific, or 
                governmental functions or processes that relate to 
                critical infrastructure, including operational and 
                industrial control systems, distributed control 
                systems, and programmable logic controllers; and
                    ``(B) does not include personal devices and 
                systems, such as consumer mobile devices, home 
                computers, residential wireless routers, or residential 
                internet-enabled consumer devices.
            ``(2) Authority.--
                    ``(A) In general.--If the Director identifies a 
                system connected to the internet with a specific 
                security vulnerability and has reason to believe that 
                the security vulnerability relates to critical 
                infrastructure and affects an enterprise device or 
                system owned or operated by a Federal or non-Federal 
                entity, and the Director is unable to identify the 
                entity at risk, the Director may issue a subpoena for 
                the production of information necessary to identify and 
                notify the entity at risk, in order to carry out a 
                function authorized under subsection (c)(12).
                    ``(B) Limit on information.--A subpoena issued 
                under the authority under subparagraph (A) may only 
                seek information in the categories set forth in 
                subparagraphs (A), (B), (D), and (E) of section 
                2703(c)(2) of title 18, United States Code.
                    ``(C) Liability protections for disclosing 
                providers.--The provisions of section 2703(e) of title 
                18, United States Code, shall apply to any subpoena 
                issued under the authority under subparagraph (A).
            ``(3) Coordination.--
                    ``(A) In general.--If the Director decides to 
                exercise the subpoena authority under this subsection, 
                and in the interest of avoiding interference with 
                ongoing law enforcement investigations, the Director 
                shall coordinate the issuance of any such subpoena with 
                the Department of Justice, including the Federal Bureau 
                of Investigation, pursuant to inter-agency procedures 
                which the Director, in coordination with the Attorney 
                General, shall develop not later than 60 days after the 
                date of enactment of this subsection.
                    ``(B) Contents.--The inter-agency procedures 
                developed under this paragraph shall provide that a 
                subpoena issued by the Director under this subsection 
                shall be--
                            ``(i) issued in order to carry out a 
                        function described in subsection (c)(12); and
                            ``(ii) subject to the limitations under 
                        this subsection.
            ``(4) Noncompliance.--If any person, partnership, 
        corporation, association, or entity fails to comply with any 
        duly served subpoena issued under this subsection, the Director 
        may request that the Attorney General seek enforcement of the 
        subpoena in any judicial district in which such person, 
        partnership, corporation, association, or entity resides, is 
        found, or transacts business.
            ``(5) Notice.--Not later than 7 days after the date on 
        which the Director receives information obtained through a 
        subpoena issued under this subsection, the Director shall 
        notify the entity at risk identified by information obtained 
        under the subpoena regarding the subpoena and the identified 
        vulnerability.
            ``(6) Authentication.--Any subpoena issued by the Director 
        under this subsection shall be authenticated by the electronic 
        signature of an authorized representative of the Agency or 
        other comparable symbol or process identifying the Agency as 
        the source of the subpoena.
            ``(7) Procedures.--Not later than 90 days after the date of 
        enactment of this subsection, the Director shall establish 
        internal procedures and associated training, applicable to 
        employees and operations of the Agency, regarding subpoenas 
        issued under this subsection, which shall address--
                    ``(A) the protection of and restriction on 
                dissemination of nonpublic information obtained through 
                a subpoena issued under this subsection, including a 
                requirement that the Agency shall not disseminate 
                nonpublic information obtained through a subpoena 
                issued under this subsection that identifies the party 
                that is subject to the subpoena or the entity at risk 
                identified by information obtained, unless--
                            ``(i) the party or entity consents; or
                            ``(ii) the Agency identifies or is notified 
                        of a cybersecurity incident involving the party 
                        or entity, which relates to the vulnerability 
                        which led to the issuance of the subpoena;
                    ``(B) the restriction on the use of information 
                obtained through the subpoena for a cybersecurity 
                purpose, as defined in section 102 of the Cybersecurity 
                Information Sharing Act of 2015 (6 U.S.C. 1501);
                    ``(C) the retention and destruction of nonpublic 
                information obtained through a subpoena issued under 
                this subsection, including--
                            ``(i) immediate destruction of information 
                        obtained through the subpoena that the Director 
                        determines is unrelated to critical 
                        infrastructure; and
                            ``(ii) destruction of any personally 
                        identifiable information not later than 6 
                        months after the date on which the Director 
                        receives information obtained through the 
                        subpoena, unless otherwise agreed to by the 
                        individual identified by the subpoena 
                        respondent;
                    ``(D) the processes for providing notice to each 
                party that is subject to the subpoena and each entity 
                at risk identified by information obtained pursuant to 
                a subpoena issued under this subsection; and
                    ``(E) the processes and criteria for conducting 
                critical infrastructure security risk assessments to 
                determine whether a subpoena is necessary prior to 
                being issued under this subsection.
            ``(8) Review of procedures.--Not later than 1 year after 
        the date of enactment of this subsection, the Privacy Officer 
        of the Agency shall--
                    ``(A) review the procedures developed by the 
                Director under paragraph (7) to ensure that--
                            ``(i) the procedures are consistent with 
                        fair information practices; and
                            ``(ii) the operations of the Agency comply 
                        with the procedures; and
                    ``(B) notify the Committee on Homeland Security and 
                Governmental Affairs of the Senate and the Committee on 
                Homeland Security of the House of Representatives of 
                the results of the review.
            ``(9) Publication of information.--Not later than 120 days 
        after establishing the internal procedures under paragraph (7), 
        the Director shall make publicly available information 
        regarding the subpoena process under this subsection, including 
        regarding--
                    ``(A) the purpose for subpoenas issued under this 
                subsection;
                    ``(B) the subpoena process;
                    ``(C) the criteria for the critical infrastructure 
                security risk assessment conducted prior to issuing a 
                subpoena;
                    ``(D) policies and procedures on retention and 
                sharing of data obtained by subpoena;
                    ``(E) guidelines on how entities contacted by the 
                Director may respond to notice of a subpoena; and
                    ``(F) the procedures and policies of the Agency 
                developed under paragraph (7).
            ``(10) Annual reports.--The Director shall annually submit 
        to the Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs 
        of the Senate and the Committee on Homeland Security of the 
        House of Representatives a report (which may include a 
        classified annex but with the presumption of declassification) 
        on the use of subpoenas under this subsection by the Director, 
        which shall include--
                    ``(A) a discussion of--
                            ``(i) the effectiveness of the use of 
                        subpoenas to mitigate critical infrastructure 
                        security vulnerabilities;
                            ``(ii) the critical infrastructure security 
                        risk assessment process conducted for subpoenas 
                        issued under this subsection;
                            ``(iii) the number of subpoenas issued 
                        under this subsection by the Director during 
                        the preceding year;
                            ``(iv) to the extent practicable, the 
                        number of vulnerable enterprise devices or 
                        systems mitigated under this subsection by the 
                        Agency during the preceding year; and
                            ``(v) the number of entities notified by 
                        the Director under this subsection, and their 
                        response, during the previous year; and
                    ``(B) for each subpoena issued under this 
                subsection--
                            ``(i) the source of the security 
                        vulnerability detected, identified, or received 
                        by the Director;
                            ``(ii) the steps taken to identify the 
                        entity at risk prior to issuing the subpoena; 
                        and
                            ``(iii) a description of the outcome of the 
                        subpoena, including discussion on the 
                        resolution or mitigation of the critical 
                        infrastructure security vulnerability.
            ``(11) Publication of the annual reports.--The Director 
        shall make a version of the annual report required by paragraph 
        (10) publicly available, which shall, at a minimum, include the 
        findings described in clause (iii), (iv) and (v) of 
        subparagraph (A).''.
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