Text: S.381 — 116th Congress (2019-2020)All Information (Except Text)

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Introduced in Senate (02/07/2019)


116th CONGRESS
1st Session
S. 381


To direct the Administrator of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration to submit to Congress a report on the merits of, and options for, establishing an institute relating to space resources, and for other purposes.


IN THE SENATE OF THE UNITED STATES

February 7, 2019

Mr. Gardner (for himself and Mr. Bennet) introduced the following bill; which was read twice and referred to the Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation


A BILL

To direct the Administrator of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration to submit to Congress a report on the merits of, and options for, establishing an institute relating to space resources, and for other purposes.

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled,

SECTION 1. Short title.

This Act may be cited as the “Space Resources Institute Act”.

SEC. 2. Report on merits and options for establishing an institute relating to space resources.

(a) Report.—Not later than 180 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Administrator shall submit to the appropriate congressional committees a report on the merits of, and options for, establishing an institute relating to space resources to advance the objectives of NASA in maintaining United States preeminence in space. Such objectives shall include the following:

(1) Identifying, developing, and distributing space resources, including by encouraging the development of foundational science and technology.

(2) Reducing the technological risks associated with identifying, developing, and distributing space resources.

(3) Developing options for using space resources to—

(A) support current and future space architectures, programs, and missions; and

(B) enable such architectures, programs, and missions that would not otherwise be possible.

(b) Additional matters.—The report required under subsection (a) shall also include the following assessments of the Administrator:

(1) Whether a virtual or physical institute relating to space resources is most cost effective and appropriate.

(2) Whether partnering with institutions of higher education and the aerospace industry, and the extractive industry as appropriate, would be effective in increasing information available to the institute with respect to advancing the objectives described in subsection (a).

(c) Definitions.—In this section:

(1) ADMINISTRATOR.—The term “Administrator” means the Administrator of NASA.

(2) APPROPRIATE CONGRESSIONAL COMMITTEES.—The term “appropriate congressional committees” means—

(A) the Committee on Science, Space, and Technology of the House of Representatives; and

(B) the Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation of the Senate.

(3) EXTRACTIVE INDUSTRY.—The term “extractive industry” means companies and individuals involved in the processes of extracting, including mining, quarrying, drilling, and dredging, raw, natural materials or energy sources.

(4) INSTITUTION OF HIGHER EDUCATION.—The term “institution of higher education” has the meaning given such term in section 101(a) of the Higher Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 1001(a)).

(5) NASA.—The term “NASA” means the National Aeronautics and Space Administration.

(6) SPACE RESOURCE.—

(A) IN GENERAL.—The term “space resource” means an abiotic resource in situ in outer space.

(B) INCLUSIONS.—The term “space resource” includes a raw, natural material or energy source.


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