Text: S.4049 — 116th Congress (2019-2020)All Information (Except Text)

Text available as:

  • XML/HTML (9MB)
  • TXT (3MB)
  • PDF (3MB) (PDF provides a complete and accurate display of this text.) Tip?

This text has been loaded in plain text format due to the large size of the XML/HTML file. Loading the XML/HTML in a new window (6MB) may take several minutes or possibly cause your browser to become unresponsive.

Shown Here:
Engrossed in Senate (07/23/2020)

 
[Congressional Bills 116th Congress]
[From the U.S. Government Publishing Office]
[S. 4049 Engrossed in Senate (ES)]

<DOC>
  
  
  
  
  
  
  
  
  
  
  
  
  
  
  
  
  
  
  
  
  
  
  
  
  
  
  
116th CONGRESS
  2d Session
                                S. 4049

_______________________________________________________________________

                                 AN ACT


 
     To authorize appropriations for fiscal year 2021 for military 
activities of the Department of Defense, for military construction, and 
   for defense activities of the Department of Energy, to prescribe 
   military personnel strengths for such fiscal year, and for other 
                               purposes.

    Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the 
United States of America in Congress assembled,

SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE.

    This Act may be cited as the ``National Defense Authorization Act 
for Fiscal Year 2021''.

SEC. 2. ORGANIZATION OF ACT INTO DIVISIONS; TABLE OF CONTENTS.

    (a) Divisions.--This Act is organized into six divisions as 
follows:
            (1) Division A--Department of Defense Authorizations.
            (2) Division B--Military Construction Authorizations.
            (3) Division C--Department of Energy National Security 
        Authorizations and Other Authorizations.
            (4) Division D--Funding Tables.
            (5) Division E--Additional Provisions.
            (6) Division F--Intelligence Authorization Act for Fiscal 
        Year 2021.
    (b) Table of Contents.--The table of contents for this Act is as 
follows:

Sec. 1. Short title.
Sec. 2. Organization of Act into divisions; table of contents.
Sec. 3. Congressional defense committees.
Sec. 4. Budgetary effects of this Act.
            DIVISION A--DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE AUTHORIZATIONS

                          TITLE I--PROCUREMENT

              Subtitle A--Authorization of Appropriations

Sec. 101. Authorization of appropriations.
                       Subtitle B--Army Programs

Sec. 111. Integrated air and missile defense assessment.
Sec. 112. Report and limitation on Integrated Visual Augmentation 
                            System acquisition.
Sec. 113. Modifications to requirement for an interim cruise missile 
                            defense capability.
                       Subtitle C--Navy Programs

Sec. 121. Contract authority for Columbia-class submarine program.
Sec. 122. Limitation on Navy medium and large unmanned surface vessels.
Sec. 123. Extension of prohibition on availability of funds for Navy 
                            waterborne security barriers.
Sec. 124. Procurement authorities for certain amphibious shipbuilding 
                            programs.
Sec. 125. Fighter force structure acquisition strategy.
Sec. 126. Treatment of systems added by Congress in future President's 
                            budget requests.
Sec. 127. Report on carrier wing composition.
Sec. 128. Report on strategy to use ALQ-249 Next Generation Jammer to 
                            ensure full spectrum electromagnetic 
                            superiority.
                     Subtitle D--Air Force Programs

Sec. 141. Economic order quantity contracting authority for F-35 joint 
                            strike fighter program.
Sec. 142. Minimum aircraft levels for major mission areas.
Sec. 143. Minimum operational squadron level.
Sec. 144. Minimum Air Force bomber aircraft level.
Sec. 145. F-35 gun system.
Sec. 146. Prohibition on funding for Close Air Support Integration 
                            Group.
Sec. 147. Limitation on divestment of KC-10 and KC-135 aircraft.
Sec. 148. Limitation on retirement of U-2 and RQ-4 aircraft.
Sec. 149. Limitation on divestment of F-15C aircraft in the European 
                            theater.
Sec. 150. Air base defense development and acquisition strategy.
Sec. 151. Required solution for KC-46 aircraft remote visual system 
                            limitations.
Sec. 152. Analysis of requirements and Advanced Battle Management 
                            System capabilities.
Sec. 153. Studies on measures to assess cost-per-effect for key mission 
                            areas.
Sec. 154. Plan for operational test and utility evaluation of systems 
                            for Low-Cost Attributable Aircraft 
                            Technology program.
Sec. 155. Prohibition on retirement or divestment of A-10 aircraft.
       Subtitle E--Defense-wide, Joint, and Multiservice Matters

Sec. 171. Budgeting for life-cycle cost of aircraft for the Navy, Army, 
                            and Air Force: annual plan and 
                            certification.
Sec. 172. Authority to use F-35 aircraft withheld from delivery to 
                            Government of Turkey.
Sec. 173. Transfer from Commander of United States Strategic Command to 
                            Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff of 
                            responsibilities and functions relating to 
                            electromagnetic spectrum operations.
Sec. 174. Cryptographic modernization schedules.
Sec. 175. Prohibition on purchase of armed overwatch aircraft.
Sec. 176. Special operations armed overwatch.
Sec. 177. Autonomic Logistics Information System redesign strategy.
Sec. 178. Contract aviation services in a country or in airspace in 
                            which a Special Federal Aviation Regulation 
                            applies.
Sec. 179. F-35 aircraft munitions.
Sec. 180. Airborne intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance 
                            acquisition roadmap for United States 
                            Special Operations Command.
Sec. 181. Requirement to accelerate the fielding and development of 
                            counter unmanned aerial systems across the 
                            joint force.
Sec. 182. Joint All Domain Command and Control requirements.
         TITLE II--RESEARCH, DEVELOPMENT, TEST, AND EVALUATION

              Subtitle A--Authorization of Appropriations

Sec. 201. Authorization of appropriations.
    Subtitle B--Program Requirements, Restrictions, and Limitations

Sec. 211. Designation and activities of senior officials for critical 
                            technology areas supportive of the National 
                            Defense Strategy.
Sec. 212. Governance of fifth-generation wireless networking in the 
                            Department of Defense.
Sec. 213. Application of artificial intelligence to the defense reform 
                            pillar of the National Defense Strategy.
Sec. 214. Extension of authorities to enhance innovation at Department 
                            of Defense laboratories.
Sec. 215. Updates to Defense Quantum Information Science and Technology 
                            Research and Development program.
Sec. 216. Program of part-time and term employment at Department of 
                            Defense science and technology reinvention 
                            laboratories of faculty and students from 
                            institutions of higher education.
Sec. 217. Improvements to Technology and National Security Fellowship 
                            of Department of Defense.
Sec. 218. Department of Defense research, development, and deployment 
                            of technology to support water sustainment.
Sec. 219. Development and testing of hypersonic capabilities.
Sec. 220. Disclosure requirements for recipients of Department of 
                            Defense research and development grants.
             Subtitle C--Plans, Reports, and Other Matters

Sec. 231. Assessment on United States national security emerging 
                            biotechnology efforts and capabilities and 
                            comparison with adversaries.
Sec. 232. Independent comparative analysis of efforts by China and the 
                            United States to recruit and retain 
                            researchers in national security-related 
                            fields.
Sec. 233. Department of Defense demonstration of virtualized radio 
                            access network and massive multiple input 
                            multiple output radio arrays for fifth 
                            generation wireless networking.
Sec. 234. Independent technical review of Federal Communications 
                            Commission Order 20-48.
Sec. 235. Report on micro nuclear reactor programs.
Sec. 236. Modification to Test Resource Management Center strategic 
                            plan reporting cycle and contents.
Sec. 237. Limitation on contract awards for certain unmanned vessels.
Sec. 238. Documentation relating to the Advanced Battle Management 
                            System.
Sec. 239. Armed Services Vocational Aptitude Battery Test special 
                            purpose adjunct to address computational 
                            thinking.
Sec. 240. Report on use of testing facilities to research and develop 
                            hypersonic technology.
Sec. 241. Study and plan on the use of additive manufacturing and 
                            three-dimensional bioprinting in support of 
                            the warfighter.
Sec. 242. Element in annual reports on cyber science and technology 
                            activities on work with academic consortia 
                            on high priority cybersecurity research 
                            activities in Department of Defense 
                            capabilities.
                  TITLE III--OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE

              Subtitle A--Authorization of Appropriations

Sec. 301. Authorization of appropriations.
                   Subtitle B--Energy and Environment

Sec. 311. Modifications and technical corrections to ensure restoration 
                            of contamination by perfluorooctane 
                            sulfonate and perfluorooctanoic acid.
Sec. 312. Readiness and Environmental Protection Integration Program 
                            technical edits and clarification.
Sec. 313. Survey and market research of technologies for phase out by 
                            Department of Defense of use of fluorinated 
                            aqueous film-forming foam.
Sec. 314. Modification of authority to carry out military installation 
                            resilience projects.
Sec. 315. Native American Indian lands environmental mitigation 
                            program.
Sec. 316. Energy resilience and energy security measures on military 
                            installations.
Sec. 317. Modification to availability of energy cost savings for 
                            Department of Defense.
Sec. 318. Long-duration demonstration initiative and joint program.
Sec. 319. Pilot program on alternative fuel vehicle purchasing.
Sec. 320. Extension of real-time sound monitoring at Navy installations 
                            where tactical fighter aircraft operate.
Sec. 321. Study on impacts of transboundary flows, spills, or 
                            discharges of pollution or debris from the 
                            Tijuana River on personnel, activities, and 
                            installations of Department of Defense.
Sec. 322. Increase in funding for study by Centers for Disease Control 
                            and Prevention relating to perfluoroalkyl 
                            and polyfluoroalkyl substance contamination 
                            in drinking water.
                 Subtitle C--Logistics and Sustainment

Sec. 331. Repeal of statutory requirement for notification to Director 
                            of Defense Logistics Agency three years 
                            prior to implementing changes to any 
                            uniform or uniform component.
Sec. 332. Clarification of limitation on length of overseas forward 
                            deployment of currently deployed naval 
                            vessels.
                          Subtitle D--Reports

Sec. 351. Report on impact of permafrost thaw on infrastructure, 
                            facilities, and operations of the 
                            Department of Defense.
Sec. 352. Plans and reports on emergency response training for military 
                            installations.
Sec. 353. Report on implementation by Department of Defense of 
                            requirements relating to renewable fuel 
                            pumps.
Sec. 354. Report on effects of extreme weather on Department of 
                            Defense.
                       Subtitle E--Other Matters

Sec. 371. Prohibition on divestiture of manned intelligence, 
                            surveillance, and reconnaissance aircraft 
                            operated by United States Special 
                            Operations Command.
Sec. 372. Information on overseas construction projects in support of 
                            contingency operations using funds for 
                            operation and maintenance.
Sec. 373. Provision of protection to the National Museum of the Marine 
                            Corps, the National Museum of the United 
                            States Army, the National Museum of the 
                            United States Navy, and the National Museum 
                            of the United States Air Force.
Sec. 374. Inapplicability of congressional notification and dollar 
                            limitation requirements for advance 
                            billings for certain background 
                            investigations.
Sec. 375. Repeal of sunset for minimum annual purchase amount for 
                            carriers participating in the Civil Reserve 
                            Air Fleet.
Sec. 376. Improvement of the Operational Energy Capability Improvement 
                            Fund of the Department of Defense.
Sec. 377. Commission on the naming of items of the Department of 
                            Defense that commemorate the Confederate 
                            States of America or any person who served 
                            voluntarily with the Confederate States of 
                            America.
Sec. 378. Modifications to review of proposed actions by Military 
                            Aviation and Installation Assurance 
                            Clearinghouse.
Sec. 379. Adjustment in availability of appropriations for unusual cost 
                            overruns and for changes in scope of work.
Sec. 380. Requirement that Secretary of Defense implement security and 
                            emergency response recommendations relating 
                            to active shooter or terrorist attacks on 
                            installations of Department of Defense.
Sec. 381. Clarification of food ingredient requirements for food or 
                            beverages provided by the Department of 
                            Defense.
              TITLE IV--MILITARY PERSONNEL AUTHORIZATIONS

                       Subtitle A--Active Forces

Sec. 401. End strengths for active forces.
Sec. 402. End strength level matters.
                       Subtitle B--Reserve Forces

Sec. 411. End strengths for Selected Reserve.
Sec. 412. End strengths for Reserves on active duty in support of the 
                            reserves.
Sec. 413. End strengths for military technicians (dual status).
Sec. 414. Maximum number of reserve personnel authorized to be on 
                            active duty for operational support.
Sec. 415. Separate authorization by Congress of minimum end strengths 
                            for non-temporary military technicians 
                            (dual status) and maximum end strengths for 
                            temporary military technicians (dual 
                            status).
              Subtitle C--Authorization of Appropriations

Sec. 421. Military personnel.
                   TITLE V--MILITARY PERSONNEL POLICY

                  Subtitle A--Officer Personnel Policy

Sec. 501. Repeal of codified specification of authorized strengths of 
                            certain commissioned officers on active 
                            duty.
Sec. 502. Temporary expansion of availability of enhanced constructive 
                            service credit in a particular career field 
                            upon original appointment as a commissioned 
                            officer.
Sec. 503. Requirement for promotion selection board recommendation of 
                            higher placement on promotion list of 
                            officers of particular merit.
Sec. 504. Special selection review boards for review of promotion of 
                            officers subject to adverse information 
                            identified after recommendation for 
                            promotion and related matters.
Sec. 505. Number of opportunities for consideration for promotion under 
                            alternative promotion authority.
Sec. 506. Mandatory retirement for age.
Sec. 507. Clarifying and improving restatement of rules on the retired 
                            grade of commissioned officers.
Sec. 508. Repeal of authority for original appointment of regular Navy 
                            officers designated for engineering duty, 
                            aeronautical engineering duty, and special 
                            duty.
                Subtitle B--Reserve Component Management

Sec. 511. Exclusion of certain reserve general and flag officers on 
                            active duty from limitations on authorized 
                            strengths.
                Subtitle C--General Service Authorities

Sec. 516. Increased access to potential recruits.
Sec. 517. Temporary authority to order retired members to active duty 
                            in high-demand, low-density assignments 
                            during war or national emergency.
Sec. 518. Certificate of Release or Discharge from Active Duty (DD Form 
                            214) matters.
Sec. 519. Evaluation of barriers to minority participation in certain 
                            units of the Armed Forces.
Sec. 520. Reports on diversity and inclusion in the Armed Forces.
            Subtitle D--Military Justice and Related Matters

 PART I--Investigation, Prosecution, and Defense of Sexual Assault and 
                            Related Matters

Sec. 521. Modification of time required for expedited decisions in 
                            connection with applications for change of 
                            station or unit transfer of members who are 
                            victims of sexual assault or related 
                            offenses.
Sec. 522. Defense Advisory Committee for the Prevention of Sexual 
                            Misconduct.
Sec. 523. Report on ability of Sexual Assault Response Coordinators and 
                            Sexual Assault Prevention and Response 
                            Victim Advocates to perform duties.
Sec. 524. Briefing on Special Victims' Counsel program.
Sec. 525. Accountability of leadership of the Department of Defense for 
                            discharging the sexual harassment policies 
                            and programs of the Department.
Sec. 526. Safe-to-report policy applicable across the Armed Forces.
Sec. 527. Additional bases for provision of advice by the Defense 
                            Advisory Committee for the Prevention of 
                            Sexual Misconduct.
Sec. 528. Additional matters for reports of the Defense Advisory 
                            Committee for the Prevention of Sexual 
                            Misconduct.
Sec. 529. Policy on separation of victim and accused at military 
                            service academies and degree-granting 
                            military educational institutions.
Sec. 530. Briefing on placement of members of the Armed Forces in 
                            academic status who are victims of sexual 
                            assault onto Non-Rated Periods.
                PART II--Other Military Justice Matters

Sec. 531. Right to notice of victims of offenses under the Uniform Code 
                            of Military Justice regarding certain post-
                            trial motions, filings, and hearings.
Sec. 532. Consideration of the evidence by Courts of Criminal Appeals.
Sec. 533. Preservation of records of the military justice system.
Sec. 534. Comptroller General of the United States report on 
                            implementation by the Armed Forces of 
                            recent GAO recommendations and statutory 
                            requirements on assessment of racial, 
                            ethnic, and gender disparities in the 
                            military justice system.
Sec. 535. Briefing on mental health support for vicarious trauma for 
                            certain personnel in the military justice 
                            system.
Sec. 536. Guardian ad litem program for minor dependents of members of 
                            the Armed Forces.
   Subtitle E--Member Education, Training, Transition, and Resilience

Sec. 541. Training on religious accommodation for members of the Armed 
                            Forces.
Sec. 542. Additional elements with 2021 certifications on the Ready, 
                            Relevant Learning initiative of the Navy.
Sec. 543. Report on standardization and potential merger of law 
                            enforcement training for military and 
                            civilian personnel across the Department of 
                            Defense.
Sec. 544. Quarterly reports on implementation of recommendations of the 
                            Comprehensive Review of Special Operations 
                            Forces Culture and Ethics.
Sec. 545. Information on nominations and applications for military 
                            service academies.
Sec. 546. Pilot programs in connection with Senior Reserve Officers' 
                            Training Corps units at Historically Black 
                            Colleges and Universities and minority 
                            institutions.
Sec. 547. Expansion of Junior Reserve Officers' Training Corps Program.
Sec. 548. Department of Defense STARBASE Program.
                   Subtitle F--Decorations and Awards

Sec. 551. Award or presentation of decorations favorably recommended 
                            following determination on merits of 
                            proposals for decorations not previously 
                            submitted in a timely fashion.
Sec. 552. Honorary promotion matters.
Subtitle G--Defense Dependents' Education and Military Family Readiness 
                                Matters

             PART I--Defense Dependents' Education Matters

Sec. 561. Continuation of authority to assist local educational 
                            agencies that benefit dependents of members 
                            of the Armed Forces and Department of 
                            Defense civilian employees.
Sec. 562. Impact aid for children with severe disabilities.
Sec. 563. Staffing of Department of Defense Education Activity schools 
                            to maintain maximum student-to-teacher 
                            ratios.
Sec. 564. Matters in connection with free appropriate public education 
                            for dependents of members of the Armed 
                            Forces with special needs.
Sec. 565. Pilot program on expanded eligibility for Department of 
                            Defense Education Activity Virtual High 
                            School program.
Sec. 566. Pilot program on expansion of eligibility for enrollment at 
                            domestic dependent elementary and secondary 
                            schools.
Sec. 567. Comptroller General of the United States report on the 
                            structural condition of Department of 
                            Defense Education Activity schools.
               PART II--Military Family Readiness Matters

Sec. 571. Responsibility for allocation of certain funds for military 
                            child development programs.
Sec. 572. Improvements to Exceptional Family Member Program.
Sec. 573. Procedures of the Office of Special Needs for the development 
                            of individualized services plans for 
                            military families with special needs.
Sec. 574. Restatement and clarification of authority to reimburse 
                            members for spouse relicensing costs 
                            pursuant to a permanent change of station.
Sec. 575. Improvements to Department of Defense tracking of and 
                            response to incidents of child abuse 
                            involving military dependents on military 
                            installations.
Sec. 576. Military child care and child development center matters.
Sec. 577. Expansion of financial assistance under My Career Advancement 
                            Account program.
                       Subtitle H--Other Matters

Sec. 586. Removal of personally identifying and other information of 
                            certain persons from investigative reports, 
                            the Department of Defense Central Index of 
                            Investigations, and other records and 
                            databases.
Sec. 587. National emergency exception for timing requirements with 
                            respect to certain surveys of members of 
                            the Armed Forces.
Sec. 588. Sunset and transfer of functions of the Physical Disability 
                            Board of Review.
Sec. 589. Extension of reporting deadline for the annual report on the 
                            assessment of the effectiveness of 
                            activities of the federal voting assistance 
                            program.
Sec. 590. Pilot programs on remote provision by National Guard to State 
                            governments and National Guards of other 
                            States of cybersecurity technical 
                            assistance in training, preparation, and 
                            response to cyber incidents.
Sec. 591. Plan on performance of funeral honors details by members of 
                            other Armed Forces when members of the 
                            Armed Force of the deceased are 
                            unavailable.
Sec. 592. Limitation on implementation of Army Combat Fitness Test.
Sec. 593. Report on impact of children of certain Filipino World War II 
                            veterans on national security, foreign 
                            policy, and economic and humanitarian 
                            interests of the United States.
          TITLE VI--COMPENSATION AND OTHER PERSONNEL BENEFITS

                     Subtitle A--Pay and Allowances

Sec. 601. Reorganization of certain allowances other than travel and 
                            transportation allowances.
Sec. 602. Hazardous duty pay for members of the Armed Forces performing 
                            duty in response to the Coronavirus Disease 
                            2019.
Sec. 603. Compensation and credit for retired pay purposes for 
                            maternity leave taken by members of the 
                            reserve components.
           Subtitle B--Bonuses and Special and Incentive Pays

Sec. 611. One-year extension of certain expiring bonus and special pay 
                            authorities.
Sec. 612. Increase in special and incentive pays for officers in health 
                            professions.
     Subtitle C--Disability Pay, Retired Pay, and Survivor Benefits

Sec. 621. Inclusion of drill or training foregone due to emergency 
                            travel or duty restrictions in computations 
                            of entitlement to and amounts of retired 
                            pay for non-regular service.
Sec. 622. Modernization and clarification of payment of certain 
                            Reserves while on duty.
Sec. 623. Relief of Richard W. Collins III.
                       Subtitle D--Other Matters

Sec. 631. Permanent authority for and enhancement of the Government 
                            lodging program.
Sec. 632. Approval of certain activities by retired and reserve members 
                            of the uniformed services.
                   TITLE VII--HEALTH CARE PROVISIONS

           Subtitle A--TRICARE and Other Health Care Benefits

Sec. 701. Authority for Secretary of Defense to manage provider type 
                            referral and supervision requirements under 
                            TRICARE program.
Sec. 702. Removal of Christian Science providers as authorized 
                            providers under the TRICARE program.
Sec. 703. Waiver of fees charged to certain civilians for emergency 
                            medical treatment provided at military 
                            medical treatment facilities.
Sec. 704. Mental health resources for members of the Armed Forces and 
                            their dependents during the COVID-19 
                            pandemic.
Sec. 705. Transitional health benefits for certain members of the 
                            National Guard serving under orders in 
                            response to the coronavirus (COVID-19).
Sec. 706. Extramedical maternal health providers demonstration project.
Sec. 707. Pilot program on receipt of non-generic prescription 
                            maintenance medications under TRICARE 
                            pharmacy benefits program.
                 Subtitle B--Health Care Administration

Sec. 721. Modifications to transfer of Army Medical Research and 
                            Development Command and public health 
                            commands to Defense Health Agency.
Sec. 722. Delay of applicability of administration of TRICARE dental 
                            plans through Federal Employees Dental and 
                            Vision Insurance Program.
Sec. 723. Authority of Secretary of Defense to waive requirements 
                            during national emergencies for purposes of 
                            provision of health care.
                 Subtitle C--Reports and Other Matters

Sec. 741. Extension of authority for Joint Department of Defense-
                            Department of Veterans Affairs Medical 
                            Facility Demonstration Fund.
Sec. 742. Membership of Board of Regents of Uniformed Services 
                            University of the Health Sciences.
Sec. 743. Military Health System Clinical Quality Management Program.
Sec. 744. Modifications to pilot program on civilian and military 
                            partnerships to enhance interoperability 
                            and medical surge capability and capacity 
                            of National Disaster Medical System.
Sec. 745. Study on force mix options and service models to enhance 
                            readiness of medical force of the Armed 
                            Forces to provide combat casualty care.
Sec. 746. Comptroller General study on delivery of mental health 
                            services to members of the reserve 
                            components of the Armed Forces.
Sec. 747. Review and report on prevention of suicide among members of 
                            the Armed Forces stationed at remote 
                            installations outside the contiguous United 
                            States.
Sec. 748. Audit of medical conditions of tenants in privatized military 
                            housing.
Sec. 749. Comptroller General study on prenatal and postpartum mental 
                            health conditions among members of the 
                            Armed Forces and their dependents.
Sec. 750. Plan for evaluation of flexible spending account options for 
                            members of the uniformed services and their 
                            families.
Sec. 751. Assessment of receipt by civilians of emergency medical 
                            treatment at military medical treatment 
                            facilities.
Sec. 752. Report on billing practices for health care from Department 
                            of Defense.
Sec. 753. Access of veterans to Individual Longitudinal Exposure 
                            Record.
Sec. 754. Study on the incidence of cancer diagnosis and mortality 
                            among military aviators and aviation 
                            support personnel.
Subtitle D--Mental Health Services From Department of Veterans Affairs 
                   for Members of Reserve Components

Sec. 761. Short title.
Sec. 762. Expansion of eligibility for readjustment counseling and 
                            related outpatient services from Department 
                            of Veterans Affairs to include members of 
                            reserve components of the Armed Forces.
Sec. 763. Provision of mental health services from Department of 
                            Veterans Affairs to members of reserve 
                            components of the Armed Forces.
Sec. 764. Inclusion of members of reserve components in mental health 
                            programs of Department of Veterans Affairs.
Sec. 765. Report on mental health and related services provided by 
                            Department of Veterans Affairs to members 
                            of the Armed Forces.
  TITLE VIII--ACQUISITION POLICY, ACQUISITION MANAGEMENT, AND RELATED 
                                MATTERS

                  Subtitle A--Industrial Base Matters

Sec. 801. Policy recommendations for implementation of Executive Order 
                            13806 (Assessing and Strengthening the 
                            Manufacturing and Defense Industrial Base 
                            and Supply Chain Resiliency).
Sec. 802. Assessment of national security innovation base.
Sec. 803. Improving implementation of policy pertaining to the national 
                            technology and industrial base.
Sec. 804. Modification of framework for modernizing acquisition 
                            processes to ensure integrity of industrial 
                            base.
Sec. 805. Assessments of industrial base capabilities and capacity.
Sec. 806. Analyses of certain materials and technology sectors for 
                            action to address sourcing and industrial 
                            capacity.
Sec. 807. Microelectronics manufacturing strategy.
Sec. 808. Additional requirements pertaining to printed circuit boards.
Sec. 809. Statement of policy with respect to supply of strategic 
                            minerals and metals for Department of 
                            Defense purposes.
Sec. 810. Report on strategic and critical minerals and metals.
Sec. 811. Stabilization of shipbuilding industrial base workforce.
Sec. 812. Miscellaneous limitations on the procurement of goods other 
                            than United States goods.
Sec. 813. Use of domestically sourced star trackers in national 
                            security satellites.
Sec. 814. Modification to small purchase threshold exception to 
                            sourcing requirements for certain articles.
             Subtitle B--Acquisition Policy and Management

Sec. 831. Report on acquisition risk assessment and mitigation as part 
                            of Adaptive Acquisition Framework 
                            implementation.
Sec. 832. Comptroller General report on implementation of software 
                            acquisition reforms.
Subtitle C--Amendments to General Contracting Authorities, Procedures, 
                            and Limitations

Sec. 841. Authority to acquire innovative commercial products and 
                            services using general solicitation 
                            competitive procedures.
Sec. 842. Truth in Negotiations Act threshold for Department of Defense 
                            contracts.
Sec. 843. Revision of proof required when using an evaluation factor 
                            for defense contractors employing or 
                            subcontracting with members of the selected 
                            reserve of the reserve components of the 
                            Armed Forces.
Sec. 844. Contract authority for advanced development of initial or 
                            additional prototype units.
Sec. 845. Definition of business system deficiencies for contractor 
                            business systems.
Sec. 846. Repeal of pilot program on payment of costs for denied 
                            Government Accountability Office bid 
                            protests.
 Subtitle D--Provisions Relating to Major Defense Acquisition Programs

Sec. 861. Implementation of modular open systems architecture 
                            requirements.
Sec. 862. Sustainment reviews.
Sec. 863. Recommendations for future direct selections.
Sec. 864. Disclosures for certain shipbuilding major defense 
                            acquisition program offers.
                   Subtitle E--Small Business Matters

Sec. 871. Prompt payment of contractors.
Sec. 872. Extension of pilot program for streamlined awards for 
                            innovative technology programs.
Sec. 873. Reporting requirements.
     Subtitle F--Provisions Related to Software-Driven Capabilities

Sec. 881. Inclusion of software in government performance of 
                            acquisition functions.
Sec. 882. Balancing security and innovation in software development and 
                            acquisition.
Sec. 883. Comptroller General report on intellectual property 
                            acquisition and licensing.
Sec. 884. Pilot program exploring the use of consumption-based 
                            solutions to address software-intensive 
                            warfighting capability.
                       Subtitle G--Other Matters

Sec. 891. Safeguarding defense-sensitive United States intellectual 
                            property, technology, and other data and 
                            information.
Sec. 892. Domestic comparative testing activities.
Sec. 893. Repeal of apprenticeship program.
      TITLE IX--DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE ORGANIZATION AND MANAGEMENT

   Subtitle A--Office of the Secretary of Defense and Related Matters

Sec. 901. Assistant Secretary of Defense for Special Operations and Low 
                            Intensity Conflict and related matters.
Sec. 902. Redesignation and codification in law of Office of Economic 
                            Adjustment.
Sec. 903. Modernization of process used by the Department of Defense to 
                            identify, task, and manage Congressional 
                            reporting requirements.
Sec. 904. Inclusion of Vice Chief of the National Guard Bureau as an 
                            advisor to the Joint Requirements Oversight 
                            Council.
Sec. 905. Assignment of responsibility for the Arctic region within the 
                            Office of the Secretary of Defense.
          Subtitle B--Department of Defense Management Reform

Sec. 911. Termination of position of Chief Management Officer of the 
                            Department of Defense.
Sec. 912. Report on assignment of responsibilities, duties, and 
                            authorities of Chief Management Officer to 
                            other officers or employees of the 
                            Department of Defense.
Sec. 913. Performance Improvement Officer of the Department of Defense.
Sec. 914. Assignment of certain responsibilities and duties to 
                            particular officers of the Department of 
                            Defense.
Sec. 915. Assignment of responsibilities and duties of Chief Management 
                            Officer to officers or employees of the 
                            Department of Defense to be designated.
Sec. 916. Definition of enterprise business operations for title 10, 
                            United States Code.
Sec. 917. Annual report on enterprise business operations of the 
                            Department of Defense.
Sec. 918. Conforming amendments.
                    Subtitle C--Space Force Matters

        PART I--Amendments to Integrate the Space Force Into Law

Sec. 931. Clarification of Space Force and Chief of Space Operations 
                            authorities.
Sec. 931A. Office of the Chief of Space Operations.
Sec. 932. Amendments to Department of the Air Force provisions in title 
                            10, United States Code.
Sec. 933. Amendments to other provisions of title 10, United States 
                            Code.
Sec. 934. Amendments to provisions of law relating to pay and 
                            allowances.
Sec. 935. Amendments relating to provisions of law on veterans' 
                            benefits.
Sec. 936. Amendments to other provisions of the United States Code.
Sec. 937. Applicability to other provisions of law.
                         PART II--Other Matters

Sec. 941. Matters relating to reserve components for the Space Force.
Sec. 942. Transfers of military and civilian personnel to the Space 
                            Force.
Sec. 943. Limitation on transfer of military installations to the 
                            jurisdiction of the Space Force.
Sec. 944. Clarification of procurement of commercial satellite 
                            communications services.
Sec. 945. Temporary exemption from authorized daily average of members 
                            in pay grades E-8 and E-9.
Sec. 946. Application of acquisition demonstration project to 
                            Department of the Air Force employees 
                            assigned to acquisition positions within 
                            the Space Force.
Sec. 947. Air and Space Force Medal.
Subtitle D--Organization and Management of Other Department of Defense 
                          Offices and Elements

Sec. 951. Annual report on establishment of field operating agencies.
Sec. 952. Briefing on assignment of members of the Armed Forces on 
                            active duty to the Joint Artificial 
                            Intelligence Center of the Department of 
                            Defense.
Sec. 953. Threats to United States forces from small unmanned aerial 
                            systems worldwide.
                      TITLE X--GENERAL PROVISIONS

                     Subtitle A--Financial Matters

Sec. 1001. General transfer authority.
Sec. 1002. Application of Financial Improvement and Audit Remediation 
                            Plan to fiscal years following fiscal year 
                            2020.
Sec. 1003. Incentives for the achievement by the components of the 
                            Department of Defense of unqualified audit 
                            opinions on the financial statements.
                   Subtitle B--Counterdrug Activities

Sec. 1011. Codification of authority for joint task forces of the 
                            Department of Defense to support law 
                            enforcement agencies conducting 
                            counterterrorism or counter-transnational 
                            organized crime activities.
                Subtitle C--Naval Vessels and Shipyards

Sec. 1021. Modification of authority to purchase used vessels with 
                            funds in the National Defense Sealift Fund.
Sec. 1022. Waiver during war or threat to national security of 
                            restrictions on overhaul, repair, or 
                            maintenance of vessels in foreign 
                            shipyards.
Sec. 1023. Modification of waiver authority on prohibition on use of 
                            funds for retirement of certain legacy 
                            maritime mine countermeasure platforms.
Sec. 1024. Extension of authority for reimbursement of expenses for 
                            certain Navy mess operations afloat.
Sec. 1025. Sense of Congress on actions necessary to achieve a 355-ship 
                            Navy.
                      Subtitle D--Counterterrorism

Sec. 1031. Extension of prohibition on use of funds for transfer or 
                            release of individuals detained at United 
                            States Naval Station, Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, 
                            to the United States.
Sec. 1032. Extension of prohibition on use of funds to close or 
                            relinquish control of United States Naval 
                            Station, Guantanamo Bay, Cuba.
Sec. 1033. Extension of prohibition on use of funds for transfer or 
                            release of individuals detained at United 
                            States Naval Station, Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, 
                            to certain countries.
Sec. 1034. Extension of prohibition on use of funds to construct or 
                            modify facilities in the United States to 
                            house detainees transferred from United 
                            States Naval Station, Guantanamo Bay, Cuba.
         Subtitle E--Miscellaneous Authorities and Limitations

Sec. 1041. Inclusion of disaster-related emergency preparedness 
                            activities among law enforcement activities 
                            authorities for sale or donation of excess 
                            personal property of the Department of 
                            Defense.
Sec. 1042. Expenditure of funds for Department of Defense clandestine 
                            activities that support operational 
                            preparation of the environment.
Sec. 1043. Clarification of authority of military commissions under 
                            chapter 47A of title 10, United States 
                            Code, to punish contempt.
Sec. 1044. Prohibition on actions to infringe upon First Amendment 
                            rights of peaceable assembly and petition 
                            for redress of grievances.
Sec. 1045. Arctic planning, research, and development.
Sec. 1046. Consideration of security risks in certain 
                            telecommunications architecture for future 
                            overseas basing decisions of the Department 
                            of Defense.
Sec. 1047. Foreign military training programs.
Sec. 1048. Reporting of adverse events relating to consumer products on 
                            military installations.
Sec. 1049. Inclusion of United States Naval Sea Cadet Corps among youth 
                            and charitable organizations authorized to 
                            receive assistance from the National Guard.
Sec. 1050. Department of Defense policy for the regulation of dangerous 
                            dogs.
Sec. 1051. Sense of Congress on the basing of KC-46A aircraft outside 
                            the contiguous United States.
Sec. 1052. Efficient use of sensitive compartmented information 
                            facilities.
Sec. 1053. Assistance for farmer and rancher stress and mental health 
                            of individuals in rural areas.
Sec. 1054. Additional conditions and limitations on the transfer of 
                            Department of Defense property for law 
                            enforcement activities.
                    Subtitle F--Studies and Reports

Sec. 1061. Report on potential improvements to certain military 
                            educational institutions of the Department 
                            of Defense.
Sec. 1062. Reports on status and modernization of the North Warning 
                            System.
Sec. 1063. Studies on the force structure for Marine Corps aviation.
Sec. 1064. Study on unemployment rate of female veterans who served on 
                            active duty in the Armed Forces after 
                            September 11, 2001.
Sec. 1065. Report on Great Lakes and inland waterways seaports.
Sec. 1066. Report on the Chemical and Biological Defense Program of the 
                            Department of Defense.
Sec. 1067. Report on round-the-clock availability of childcare for 
                            members of the Armed Forces and civilian 
                            employees of the Department of Defense who 
                            work rotating shifts.
                       Subtitle G--Other Matters

Sec. 1081. Department of Defense strategic Arctic ports.
Sec. 1082. Personal protective equipment matters.
Sec. 1083. Estimate of damages from Federal Communications Commission 
                            Order 20-48.
Sec. 1084. Modernization effort.
Sec. 1085. Sense of Senate on Gold Star Families Remembrance Week.
Sec. 1086. Continuity of the Economy Plan.
Sec. 1087. Improving the authority for operations of unmanned aircraft 
                            for educational purposes.
Sec. 1088. Requirement to post a 100 word summary to regulations.gov.
Sec. 1089. Modification of licensure requirements for health care 
                            professionals providing treatment via 
                            telemedicine.
Sec. 1090. Restrictions on Confucius Institutes.
Sec. 1090A. Additional care for newborn children of veterans.
Sec. 1090B. Additional diseases associated with exposure to certain 
                            herbicide agents for which there is a 
                            presumption of service connection for 
                            veterans who served in the Republic of 
                            Vietnam.
 Subtitle H--Wireless Supply Chain Innovation and Multilateral Security

Sec. 1091. Definitions.
Sec. 1092. Communications technology security funds.
Sec. 1093. Promoting United States leadership in international 
                            organizations and communications standards-
                            setting bodies.
           Subtitle I--Semiconductor Manufacturing Incentives

Sec. 1094. Semiconductor incentive grants.
Sec. 1095. Department of Defense.
Sec. 1096. Department of Commerce study on status of microelectronics 
                            technologies in the United States 
                            industrial base.
Sec. 1097. Funding for development and adoption of measurably secure 
                            microelectronics and measurably secure 
                            microelectronics supply chains.
Sec. 1098. Advanced semiconductor research and design.
Sec. 1099. Prohibition relating to foreign adversaries.
                  TITLE XI--CIVILIAN PERSONNEL MATTERS

               Subtitle A--Department of Defense Matters

Sec. 1101. Enhanced pay authority for certain acquisition and 
                            technology positions in the Department of 
                            Defense.
Sec. 1102. Enhanced pay authority for certain research and technology 
                            positions in the science and technology 
                            reinvention laboratories of the Department 
                            of Defense.
Sec. 1103. Extension of enhanced appointment and compensation authority 
                            for civilian personnel for care and 
                            treatment of wounded and injured members of 
                            the Armed Forces.
Sec. 1104. Extension of overtime rate authority for Department of the 
                            Navy employees performing work aboard or 
                            dockside in support of the nuclear-powered 
                            aircraft carrier forward deployed in Japan.
Sec. 1105. Expansion of direct hire authority for certain Department of 
                            Defense personnel to include installation 
                            military housing office positions 
                            supervising privatized military housing.
Sec. 1106. Extension of sunset of inapplicability of certification of 
                            executive qualifications by qualification 
                            certification review board of Office of 
                            Personnel Management for initial 
                            appointments to Senior Executive Service 
                            positions in Department of Defense.
Sec. 1107. Pilot program on enhanced pay authority for certain high-
                            level management positions in the 
                            Department of Defense.
Sec. 1108. Pilot program on expanded authority for appointment of 
                            recently retired members of the Armed 
                            Forces to positions in the Department of 
                            Defense.
Sec. 1109. Direct hire authority and relocation incentives for 
                            positions at remote locations.
Sec. 1110. Modification of direct hire authority for certain personnel 
                            involved with Department of Defense 
                            maintenance activities.
Sec. 1110A. Fire Fighters Alternative Work Schedule demonstration 
                            project for the Navy Region Mid-Atlantic 
                            Fire and Emergency Services.
Sec. 1110B. Report by Comptroller General of the United States on 
                            diversity and inclusion within the civilian 
                            workforce of the Department of Defense.
                  Subtitle B--Government-Wide Matters

Sec. 1111. One-year extension of temporary authority to grant 
                            allowances, benefits, and gratuities to 
                            civilian personnel on official duty in a 
                            combat zone.
Sec. 1112. One-year extension of authority to waive annual limitation 
                            on premium pay and aggregate limitation on 
                            pay for Federal civilian employees working 
                            overseas.
Sec. 1113. Technical amendments to authority for reimbursement of 
                            Federal, State, and local income taxes 
                            incurred during travel, transportation, and 
                            relocation.
             TITLE XII--MATTERS RELATING TO FOREIGN NATIONS

                  Subtitle A--Assistance and Training

Sec. 1201. Authority to build capacity for additional operations.
Sec. 1202. Authority to build capacity for air sovereignty operations.
Sec. 1203. Modification to the Inter-European Air Forces Academy.
Sec. 1204. Modification to support of special operations for irregular 
                            warfare.
Sec. 1205. Extension and modification of authority to support border 
                            security operations of certain foreign 
                            countries.
Sec. 1206. Modification of authority for participation in multinational 
                            centers of excellence.
Sec. 1207. Implementation of the Women, Peace, and Security Act of 
                            2017.
Sec. 1208. Ted Stevens Center for Arctic Security Studies.
Sec. 1209. Functional Center for Security Studies in Irregular Warfare.
Sec. 1210. Open Technology Fund.
        Subtitle B--Matters Relating to Afghanistan and Pakistan

Sec. 1211. Extension and modification of authority for reimbursement of 
                            certain coalition nations for support 
                            provided to United States military 
                            operations.
Sec. 1212. Extension and modification of Commanders' Emergency Response 
                            Program.
Sec. 1213. Extension and modification of support for reconciliation 
                            activities led by the Government of 
                            Afghanistan.
Sec. 1214. Sense of Senate on special immigrant visa program for Afghan 
                            allies.
Sec. 1215. Sense of Senate and report on United States presence in 
                            Afghanistan.
         Subtitle C--Matters Relating to Syria, Iraq, and Iran

Sec. 1221. Extension of authority and limitation on use of funds to 
                            provide assistance to counter the Islamic 
                            State of Iraq and Syria.
Sec. 1222. Extension and modification of authority to provide 
                            assistance to vetted Syrian groups and 
                            individuals.
Sec. 1223. Extension and modification of authority to support 
                            operations and activities of the Office of 
                            Security Cooperation in Iraq.
   Subtitle D--Matters Relating to Europe and the Russian Federation

Sec. 1231. Extension of limitation on military cooperation between the 
                            United States and the Russian Federation.
Sec. 1232. Prohibition on availability of funds relating to sovereignty 
                            of the Russian Federation over Crimea.
Sec. 1233. Modification and extension of Ukraine Security Assistance 
                            Initiative.
Sec. 1234. Report on capability and capacity requirements of military 
                            forces of Ukraine and resource plan for 
                            security assistance.
Sec. 1235. Sense of Senate on North Atlantic Treaty Organization 
                            enhanced opportunities partner status for 
                            Ukraine.
Sec. 1236. Extension of authority for training for Eastern European 
                            national security forces in the course of 
                            multilateral exercises.
Sec. 1237. Sense of Senate on Kosovo and the role of the Kosovo Force 
                            of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization.
Sec. 1238. Sense of Senate on strategic competition with the Russian 
                            Federation and related activities of the 
                            Department of Defense.
Sec. 1239. Report on Russian Federation support of racially and 
                            ethnically motivated violent extremists.
Sec. 1240. Participation in European program on multilateral exchange 
                            of surface transportation services.
Sec. 1241. Participation in programs relating to coordination or 
                            exchange of air refueling and air 
                            transportation services.
Sec. 1242. Sense of Congress on support for coordinated action to 
                            ensure the security of Baltic allies.
        Subtitle E--Matters Relating to the Indo-Pacific Region

Sec. 1251. Pacific Deterrence Initiative.
Sec. 1252. Sense of Senate on the United States-Vietnam defense 
                            relationship.
Sec. 1253. Authority to transfer funds for Bien Hoa dioxin cleanup.
Sec. 1254. Cooperative program with Vietnam to account for Vietnamese 
                            personnel missing in action.
Sec. 1255. Provision of goods and services at Kwajalein Atoll, Republic 
                            of the Marshall Islands.
Sec. 1256. Authority to establish a Movement Coordination Center 
                            Pacific in the Indo-Pacific region and 
                            participate in an Air Transport and Air-to-
                            Air Refueling and other Exchanges of 
                            Services program.
Sec. 1257. Training of ally and partner air forces in Guam.
Sec. 1258. Statement of policy and sense of Senate on the Taiwan 
                            Relations Act.
Sec. 1259. Sense of Congress on port calls in Taiwan with the USNS 
                            Comfort and the USNS Mercy .
Sec. 1260. Limitation on use of funds to reduce total number of members 
                            of the Armed Forces serving on active duty 
                            who are deployed to the Republic of Korea.
Sec. 1261. Sense of Congress on co-development with Japan of a long-
                            range ground-based anti-ship cruise missile 
                            system.
Sec. 1262. Statement of policy on cooperation in the Indo-Pacific 
                            region.
Sec. 1263. Extension of prohibition on commercial export of certain 
                            munitions to the Hong Kong Police Force.
Sec. 1264. Implementation of the Asia Reassurance Initiative Act with 
                            regard to Taiwan arms sales.
                          Subtitle F--Reports

Sec. 1271. Review of and report on overdue acquisition and cross-
                            servicing agreement transactions.
Sec. 1272. Report on burden sharing contributions by designated 
                            countries.
Sec. 1273. Report on risk to personnel, equipment, and operations due 
                            to Huawei 5G architecture in host 
                            countries.
Sec. 1274. Allied burden sharing report.
                       Subtitle G--Other Matters

Sec. 1281. Reciprocal patient movement agreements.
Sec. 1282. Extension of authorization of non-conventional assisted 
                            recovery capabilities.
Sec. 1283. Extension of Department of Defense support for stabilization 
                            activities in national security interest of 
                            the United States.
Sec. 1284. Notification with respect to withdrawal of members of the 
                            Armed Forces participating in the 
                            Multinational Force and Observers in Egypt.
Sec. 1285. Modification to initiative to support protection of national 
                            security academic researchers from undue 
                            influence and other security threats.
Sec. 1286. Establishment of United States-Israel Operations-Technology 
                            Working Group.
Sec. 1287. Improved coordination of United States sanctions policy.
    Subtitle H--Robert Levinson Hostage Recovery and Hostage-Taking 
                           Accountability Act

Sec. 1291. Short title.
Sec. 1292. Assistance for United States nationals unlawfully or 
                            wrongfully detained abroad.
Sec. 1293. Special Envoy for Hostage Affairs.
Sec. 1294. Hostage Recovery Fusion Cell.
Sec. 1295. Hostage Response Group.
Sec. 1296. Authorization of imposition of sanctions.
Sec. 1297. Definitions.
Sec. 1298. Rule of construction.
                TITLE XIII--COOPERATIVE THREAT REDUCTION

Sec. 1301. Funding allocations for Department of Defense Cooperative 
                            Threat Reduction Program.
                    TITLE XIV--OTHER AUTHORIZATIONS

                     Subtitle A--Military Programs

Sec. 1401. Working capital funds.
Sec. 1402. Chemical Agents and Munitions Destruction, Defense.
Sec. 1403. Drug Interdiction and Counter-Drug Activities, Defense-wide.
Sec. 1404. Defense Inspector General.
Sec. 1405. Defense Health Program.
                Subtitle B--Armed Forces Retirement Home

Sec. 1411. Authorization of appropriations for Armed Forces Retirement 
                            Home.
Sec. 1412. Periodic inspections of Armed Forces Retirement Home 
                            facilities by nationally recognized 
                            accrediting organization.
Sec. 1413. Expansion of eligibility for residence at the Armed Forces 
                            Retirement Home.
                       Subtitle C--Other Matters

Sec. 1421. Authority for transfer of funds to joint Department of 
                            Defense-Department of Veterans Affairs 
                            Medical Facility Demonstration Fund for 
                            Captain James A. Lovell Health Care Center, 
                            Illinois.
   TITLE XV--AUTHORIZATION OF ADDITIONAL APPROPRIATIONS FOR OVERSEAS 
                         CONTINGENCY OPERATIONS

              Subtitle A--Authorization of Appropriations

Sec. 1501. Purpose.
Sec. 1502. Overseas contingency operations.
Sec. 1503. Procurement.
Sec. 1504. Research, development, test, and evaluation.
Sec. 1505. Operation and maintenance.
Sec. 1506. Military personnel.
Sec. 1507. Working capital funds.
Sec. 1508. Drug Interdiction and Counter-Drug Activities, Defense-wide.
Sec. 1509. Defense Inspector General.
Sec. 1510. Defense Health Program.
                     Subtitle B--Financial Matters

Sec. 1521. Treatment as additional authorizations.
Sec. 1522. Special transfer authority.
                       Subtitle C--Other Matters

Sec. 1531. Afghanistan Security Forces Fund.
Sec. 1532. Transition and enhancement of inspector general authorities 
                            for Afghanistan reconstruction.
     TITLE XVI--STRATEGIC PROGRAMS, CYBER, AND INTELLIGENCE MATTERS

                      Subtitle A--Space Activities

Sec. 1601. Resilient and survivable positioning, navigation, and timing 
                            capabilities.
Sec. 1602. Development efforts for National Security Space Launch 
                            providers.
Sec. 1603. Timeline for nonrecurring design validation for responsive 
                            space launch.
Sec. 1604. Tactically responsive space launch operations.
Sec. 1605. Conforming amendments relating to reestablishment of Space 
                            Command.
Sec. 1606. Space Development Agency development requirements and 
                            transfer to Space Force.
Sec. 1607. Space launch rate assessment.
Sec. 1608. Report on impact of acquisition strategy for the National 
                            Security Space Launch Program on emerging 
                            foreign space launch providers.
Sec. 1609. Leveraging commercial satellite remote sensing.
                 Subtitle B--Cyberspace-Related Matters

Sec. 1611. Modification of position of Principal Cyber Advisor.
Sec. 1612. Framework for cyber hunt forward operations.
Sec. 1613. Modification of scope of notification requirements for 
                            sensitive military cyber operations.
Sec. 1614. Modification of requirements for quarterly Department of 
                            Defense cyber operations briefings for 
                            Congress.
Sec. 1615. Rationalization and integration of parallel cybersecurity 
                            architectures and operations.
Sec. 1616. Modification of acquisition authority of Commander of United 
                            States Cyber Command.
Sec. 1617. Assessment of cyber operational planning and deconfliction 
                            policies and processes.
Sec. 1618. Pilot program on cybersecurity capability metrics.
Sec. 1619. Assessment of effect of inconsistent timing and use of 
                            Network Address Translation in Department 
                            of Defense networks.
Sec. 1620. Matters concerning the College of Information and Cyberspace 
                            at National Defense University.
Sec. 1621. Modification of mission of cyber command and assignment of 
                            cyber operations forces.
Sec. 1622. Integration of Department of Defense user activity 
                            monitoring and cybersecurity.
Sec. 1623. Defense industrial base cybersecurity sensor architecture 
                            plan.
Sec. 1624. Extension of Cyberspace Solarium Commission to track and 
                            assess implementation.
Sec. 1625. Review of regulations and promulgation of guidance relating 
                            to National Guard responses to cyber 
                            attacks.
Sec. 1626. Improvements relating to the quadrennial cyber posture 
                            review.
Sec. 1627. Report on enabling United States Cyber Command resource 
                            allocation.
Sec. 1628. Evaluation of options for establishing a cyber reserve 
                            force.
Sec. 1629. Ensuring cyber resiliency of nuclear command and control 
                            system.
Sec. 1630. Modification of requirements relating to the Strategic 
                            Cybersecurity Program and the evaluation of 
                            cyber vulnerabilities of major weapon 
                            systems of the Department of Defense.
Sec. 1631. Defense industrial base participation in a cybersecurity 
                            threat intelligence sharing program.
Sec. 1632. Assessment on defense industrial base cybersecurity threat 
                            hunting.
Sec. 1633. Assessing risk to national security of quantum computing.
Sec. 1634. Applicability of reorientation of Big Data Platform program 
                            to Department of Navy.
Sec. 1635. Expansion of authority for access and information relating 
                            to cyber attacks on operationally critical 
                            contractors of the Armed Forces.
Sec. 1636. Requirements for review of and limitations on the Joint 
                            Regional Security Stacks activity.
Sec. 1637. Independent assessment of establishment of a National Cyber 
                            Director.
Sec. 1638. Modification of authority to use operation and maintenance 
                            funds for cyber operations-peculiar 
                            capability development projects.
Sec. 1639. Personnel management authority for Commander of United 
                            States Cyber Command and development 
                            program for offensive cyber operations.
Sec. 1640. Implementation of information operations matters.
Sec. 1641. Report on Cyber Institutes Program.
Sec. 1642. Assistance for small manufacturers in the defense industrial 
                            supply chain on matters relating to 
                            cybersecurity.
Sec. 1643. Study on cyberexploitation of members of the Armed Forces 
                            and their families.
                       Subtitle C--Nuclear Forces

Sec. 1651. Modification to responsibilities of Nuclear Weapons Council.
Sec. 1652. Responsibility of Nuclear Weapons Council in preparation of 
                            National Nuclear Security Administration 
                            budget.
Sec. 1653. Modification of Government Accountability Office review of 
                            annual reports on nuclear weapons 
                            enterprise.
Sec. 1654. Prohibition on reduction of the intercontinental ballistic 
                            missiles of the United States.
Sec. 1655. Sense of the Senate on nuclear cooperation between the 
                            United States and the United Kingdom.
                  Subtitle D--Missile Defense Programs

Sec. 1661. Iron Dome short-range rocket defense system and Israeli 
                            cooperative missile defense program co-
                            development and co-production.
Sec. 1662. Acceleration of the deployment of hypersonic and ballistic 
                            tracking space sensor payload.
Sec. 1663. Extension of prohibition relating to missile defense 
                            information and systems.
Sec. 1664. Report on and limitation on expenditure of funds for layered 
                            homeland missile defense system.
Sec. 1665. Extension of requirement for Comptroller General review and 
                            assessment of missile defense acquisition 
                            programs.
Sec. 1666. Repeal of requirement for reporting structure of Missile 
                            Defense Agency.
Sec. 1667. Ground-based midcourse defense interim capability.
                   TITLE XVII--HONG KONG AUTONOMY ACT

Sec. 1701. Short title.
Sec. 1702. Definitions.
Sec. 1703. Findings.
Sec. 1704. Sense of Congress regarding Hong Kong.
Sec. 1705. Identification of foreign persons involved in the erosion of 
                            the obligations of China under the Joint 
                            Declaration or the Basic Law and foreign 
                            financial institutions that conduct 
                            significant transactions with those 
                            persons.
Sec. 1706. Sanctions with respect to foreign persons that contravene 
                            the obligations of China under the Joint 
                            Declaration or the Basic Law.
Sec. 1707. Sanctions with respect to foreign financial institutions 
                            that conduct significant transactions with 
                            foreign persons that contravene the 
                            obligations of China under the Joint 
                            Declaration or the Basic Law.
Sec. 1708. Waiver, termination, exceptions, and congressional review 
                            process.
Sec. 1709. Implementation; penalties.
Sec. 1710. Rule of construction.
Sec. 1711. Exception relating to importation of goods.
            DIVISION B--MILITARY CONSTRUCTION AUTHORIZATIONS

Sec. 2001. Short title.
Sec. 2002. Expiration of authorizations and amounts required to be 
                            specified by law.
Sec. 2003. Effective date.
                 TITLE XXI--ARMY MILITARY CONSTRUCTION

Sec. 2101. Authorized Army construction and land acquisition projects.
Sec. 2102. Family housing.
Sec. 2103. Authorization of appropriations, Army.
Sec. 2104. Modification of authority to carry out fiscal year 2017 
                            project at Camp Walker, Korea.
                 TITLE XXII--NAVY MILITARY CONSTRUCTION

Sec. 2201. Authorized Navy construction and land acquisition projects.
Sec. 2202. Family housing.
Sec. 2203. Improvements to military family housing units.
Sec. 2204. Authorization of appropriations, Navy.
              TITLE XXIII--AIR FORCE MILITARY CONSTRUCTION

Sec. 2301. Authorized Air Force construction and land acquisition 
                            projects.
Sec. 2302. Family housing.
Sec. 2303. Improvements to military family housing units.
Sec. 2304. Authorization of appropriations, Air Force.
Sec. 2305. Modification of authority to carry out fiscal year 2018 
                            project at Royal Air Force Lakenheath.
Sec. 2306. Modification of authority to carry out certain fiscal year 
                            2019 projects.
Sec. 2307. Modification of authority to carry out certain fiscal year 
                            2020 family housing projects.
Sec. 2308. Modification of authority to carry out certain fiscal year 
                            2020 projects.
           TITLE XXIV--DEFENSE AGENCIES MILITARY CONSTRUCTION

Sec. 2401. Authorized Defense Agencies construction and land 
                            acquisition projects.
Sec. 2402. Authorized Energy Resilience and Conservation Investment 
                            Program projects.
Sec. 2403. Authorization of appropriations, Defense Agencies.
                   TITLE XXV--INTERNATIONAL PROGRAMS

  Subtitle A--North Atlantic Treaty Organization Security Investment 
                                Program

Sec. 2501. Authorized NATO construction and land acquisition projects.
Sec. 2502. Authorization of appropriations, NATO.
Sec. 2503. Execution of projects under the North Atlantic Treaty 
                            Organization Security Investment Program.
             Subtitle B--Host Country In-Kind Contributions

Sec. 2511. Republic of Korea funded construction projects.
Sec. 2512. Qatar funded construction projects.
            TITLE XXVI--GUARD AND RESERVE FORCES FACILITIES

Sec. 2601. Authorized Army National Guard construction and land 
                            acquisition projects.
Sec. 2602. Authorized Army Reserve construction and land acquisition 
                            projects.
Sec. 2603. Authorized Navy Reserve and Marine Corps Reserve 
                            construction and land acquisition projects.
Sec. 2604. Authorized Air National Guard construction and land 
                            acquisition projects.
Sec. 2605. Authorized Air Force Reserve construction and land 
                            acquisition projects.
Sec. 2606. Authorization of appropriations, National Guard and Reserve.
Sec. 2607. Modification of authority to carry out fiscal year 2020 
                            project in Alabama.
          TITLE XXVII--BASE REALIGNMENT AND CLOSURE ACTIVITIES

Sec. 2701. Authorization of appropriations for base realignment and 
                            closure activities funded through 
                            Department of Defense Base Closure Account.
Sec. 2702. Prohibition on conducting additional base realignment and 
                            closure (BRAC) round.
Sec. 2703. Plan to finish remediation activities conducted by the 
                            Secretary of the Army in Umatilla, Oregon.
       TITLE XXVIII--MILITARY CONSTRUCTION AND GENERAL PROVISIONS

               Subtitle A--Military Construction Program

Sec. 2801. Responsibility of Navy for military construction 
                            requirements for certain Fleet Readiness 
                            Centers.
Sec. 2802. Construction of ground-based strategic deterrent launch 
                            facilities and launch centers for Air 
                            Force.
                  Subtitle B--Military Family Housing

Sec. 2821. Prohibition on substandard family housing units.
Sec. 2822. Technical corrections to privatized military housing 
                            program.
Sec. 2823. Requirement that Secretary of Defense implement 
                            recommendations relating to military family 
                            housing contained in report by Inspector 
                            General of Department of Defense.
          Subtitle C--Project Management and Oversight Reforms

Sec. 2841. Promotion of energy resilience and energy security in 
                            privatized utility systems.
Sec. 2842. Consideration of energy security and energy resilience in 
                            life-cycle cost for military construction.
                      Subtitle D--Land Conveyances

Sec. 2861. Renewal of Fallon Range Training Complex land withdrawal and 
                            reservation.
Sec. 2862. Renewal of Nevada Test and Training Range land withdrawal 
                            and reservation.
Sec. 2863. Transfer of land under the administrative jurisdiction of 
                            the Department of the Interior within Naval 
                            Support Activity Panama City, Florida.
Sec. 2864. Land conveyance, Camp Navajo, Arizona.
                       Subtitle E--Other Matters

Sec. 2881. Military family readiness considerations in basing 
                            decisions.
Sec. 2882. Prohibition on use of funds to reduce air base resiliency or 
                            demolish protected aircraft shelters in the 
                            European theater without creating a similar 
                            protection from attack.
Sec. 2883. Prohibitions relating to closure or returning to host nation 
                            of existing bases under the European 
                            Consolidation Initiative.
Sec. 2884. Enhancement of authority to accept conditional gifts of real 
                            property on behalf of military museums.
Sec. 2885. Equal treatment of insured depository institutions and 
                            credit unions operating on military 
                            installations.
Sec. 2886. Report on operational aviation units impacted by noise 
                            restrictions or noise mitigation measures.
Sec. 2887. Transfer of funds for Oklahoma City national memorial 
                            endowment fund.
   TITLE XXIX--OVERSEAS CONTINGENCY OPERATIONS MILITARY CONSTRUCTION

Sec. 2901. Authorized Navy construction and land acquisition projects.
Sec. 2902. Authorized Air Force construction and land acquisition 
                            projects.
Sec. 2903. Authorization of appropriations.
Sec. 2904. Replenishment of certain military constructions funds.
 DIVISION C--DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY NATIONAL SECURITY AUTHORIZATIONS AND 
                          OTHER AUTHORIZATIONS

      TITLE XXXI--DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY NATIONAL SECURITY PROGRAMS

       Subtitle A--National Security Programs and Authorizations

Sec. 3101. National Nuclear Security Administration.
Sec. 3102. Defense environmental cleanup.
Sec. 3103. Other defense activities.
Sec. 3104. Nuclear energy.
   Subtitle B--Budget of the National Nuclear Security Administration

Sec. 3111. Review of adequacy of nuclear weapons budget.
                     Subtitle C--Personnel Matters

Sec. 3121. National Nuclear Security Administration Personnel System.
Sec. 3122. Inclusion of certain employees and contractors of Department 
                            of Energy in definition of public safety 
                            officer for purposes of certain death 
                            benefits.
Sec. 3123. Reimbursement for liability insurance for nuclear materials 
                            couriers.
Sec. 3124. Transportation and moving expenses for immediate family of 
                            deceased nuclear materials couriers.
Sec. 3125. Extension of authority for appointment of certain 
                            scientific, engineering, and technical 
                            personnel.
                       Subtitle D--Cybersecurity

Sec. 3131. Reporting on penetrations of networks of contractors and 
                            subcontractors.
Sec. 3132. Clarification of responsibility for cybersecurity of 
                            National Nuclear Security Administration 
                            facilities.
               Subtitle E--Defense Environmental Cleanup

Sec. 3141. Public statement of environmental liabilities for facilities 
                            undergoing defense environmental cleanup.
Sec. 3142. Inclusion of missed milestones in future-years defense 
                            environmental cleanup plan.
Sec. 3143. Classification of defense environmental cleanup as capital 
                            asset projects or operations activities.
Sec. 3144. Continued analysis of approaches for supplemental treatment 
                            of low-activity waste at Hanford Nuclear 
                            Reservation.
                       Subtitle F--Other Matters

Sec. 3151. Modifications to enhanced procurement authority to manage 
                            supply chain risk.
Sec. 3152. Prohibition on use of laboratory- or production facility-
                            directed research and development funds for 
                            general and administrative overhead costs.
Sec. 3153. Monitoring of industrial base for nuclear weapons 
                            components, subsystems, and materials.
Sec. 3154. Prohibition on use of funds for advanced naval nuclear fuel 
                            system based on low-enriched uranium.
Sec. 3155. Authorization of appropriations for W93 nuclear warhead 
                            program.
Sec. 3156. Review of future of computing beyond exascale at the 
                            National Nuclear Security Administration.
Sec. 3157. Application of requirement for independent cost estimates 
                            and reviews to new nuclear weapon systems.
Sec. 3158. Extension and expansion of limitations on importation of 
                            uranium from Russian Federation.
Sec. 3159. Integration of stockpile stewardship and nonproliferation 
                            missions.
Sec. 3160. Technology development and integration program.
Sec. 3161. Advanced manufacturing development program.
Sec. 3162. Materials science program.
Sec. 3163. Modifications to Inertial Confinement Fusion Ignition and 
                            High Yield Program.
Sec. 3164. Earned value management program for life extension programs.
Sec. 3165. Use of high performance computing capabilities for COVID-19 
                            research.
Sec. 3166. Availability of stockpile responsiveness funds for projects 
                            to reduce time necessary to execute a 
                            nuclear test.
Sec. 3167. Sense of the Senate on extension of limitations on 
                            importation of uranium from Russian 
                            Federation.
          TITLE XXXII--DEFENSE NUCLEAR FACILITIES SAFETY BOARD

Sec. 3201. Authorization.
Sec. 3202. Nonpublic collaborative discussions by Defense Nuclear 
                            Facilities Safety Board.
Sec. 3203. Improvements to operations of Defense Nuclear Facilities 
                            Safety Board.
                  TITLE XXXV--MARITIME ADMINISTRATION

Sec. 3501. Maritime Administration.
                       DIVISION D--FUNDING TABLES

Sec. 4001. Authorization of amounts in funding tables.
                         TITLE XLI--PROCUREMENT

Sec. 4101. PROCUREMENT.
Sec. 4102. Procurement for overseas contingency operations.
        TITLE XLII--RESEARCH, DEVELOPMENT, TEST, AND EVALUATION

Sec. 4201. Research, development, test, and evaluation.
Sec. 4202. Research, development, test, and evaluation for overseas 
                            contingency operations.
                 TITLE XLIII--OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE

Sec. 4301. Operation and maintenance.
Sec. 4302. Operation and maintenance for overseas contingency 
                            operations.
                     TITLE XLIV--MILITARY PERSONNEL

Sec. 4401. Military personnel.
Sec. 4402. Military personnel for overseas contingency operations.
                    TITLE XLV--OTHER AUTHORIZATIONS

Sec. 4501. Other authorizations.
Sec. 4502. Other authorizations for overseas contingency operations.
                   TITLE XLVI--MILITARY CONSTRUCTION

Sec. 4601. Military construction.
Sec. 4602. Military construction for overseas contingency operations.
      TITLE XLVII--DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY NATIONAL SECURITY PROGRAMS

Sec. 4701. Department of Energy national security programs.
                   DIVISION E--ADDITIONAL PROVISIONS

                         TITLE LI--PROCUREMENT

                       Subtitle B--Army Programs

Sec. 5111. Report on CH-47F Chinook Block-II upgrade.
                       Subtitle C--Navy Programs

Sec. 5121. Limitation on alteration of Navy fleet mix.
         TITLE LII--RESEARCH, DEVELOPMENT, TEST, AND EVALUATION

    Subtitle B--Program Requirements, Restrictions, and Limitations

Sec. 5211. Importance of historically Black colleges and universities 
                            and minority-serving institutions.
                   Subtitle C--Sustainable Chemistry

Sec. 5221. National coordinating entity for sustainable chemistry.
Sec. 5222. Strategic plan for sustainable chemistry.
Sec. 5223. Agency activities in support of sustainable chemistry.
Sec. 5224. Partnerships in sustainable chemistry.
Sec. 5225. Prioritization.
Sec. 5226. Rule of construction.
Sec. 5227. Major multi-user research facility project.
                  Subtitle D--Cyber Workforce Matters

Sec. 5231. Improving National Initiative for Cybersecurity Education.
Sec. 5232. Development of standards and guidelines for improving 
                            cybersecurity workforce of Federal 
                            agencies.
Sec. 5233. Modifications to Federal cyber scholarship-for-service 
                            program.
Sec. 5234. Modifications to Federal cyber scholarship-for-service 
                            program.
Sec. 5235. Cybersecurity in programs of the National Science 
                            Foundation.
Sec. 5236. Cybersecurity in STEM programs of the National Aeronautics 
                            and Space Administration.
Sec. 5237. Cybersecurity in Department of Transportation programs.
Sec. 5238. National Cybersecurity Challenges.
Sec. 5239. Internet of Things.
             Subtitle E--Plans, Reports, and Other Matters

Sec. 5241. Report on Department of Defense strategy on artificial 
                            intelligence standards.
Sec. 5242. Study on establishment of energetics program office.
Sec. 5243. Deepfake report.
Sec. 5244. CISA Director.
Sec. 5245. Agency review.
Sec. 5246. General Services Administration review.
                 TITLE LIII--OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE

                 Subtitle C--Logistics and Sustainment

Sec. 5331. Use of cost savings realized from intergovernmental services 
                            agreements for installation-support 
                            services.
                          Subtitle D--Reports

Sec. 5351. Report on non-permissive, global positioning system denied 
                            airfield capabilities.
                       Subtitle E--Other Matters

Sec. 5371. Increase of amounts available to Marine Corps for base 
                            operations and support.
Sec. 5372. Modernization of congressional reports process.
                  TITLE LV--MILITARY PERSONNEL POLICY

                Subtitle C--General Service Authorities

Sec. 5516. Report on implementation of recommendations of the 
                            Comptroller General of the United States on 
                            recruitment and retention of female members 
                            of the Armed Forces.
                   Subtitle F--Decorations and Awards

Sec. 5551. Report on regulations and procedures to implement programs 
                            on award of medals or commendations to 
                            handlers of military working dogs.
Subtitle G--Defense Dependents' Education and Military Family Readiness 
                                Matters

               PART II--Military Family Readiness Matters

Sec. 5571. Independent study and report on military spouse 
                            underemployment.
                       Subtitle H--Other Matters

Sec. 5586. Questions regarding racism, anti-Semitism, and supremacism 
                            in workplace surveys administered by the 
                            Secretary of Defense.
Sec. 5587. Briefing on the implementation of requirements on 
                            connections of retiring and separating 
                            members of the Armed Forces with community-
                            based organizations and related entities.
Sec. 5590. Pilot programs on remote provision by National Guard to 
                            State governments and National Guards of 
                            other States of cybersecurity technical 
                            assistance in training, preparation, and 
                            response to cyber incidents.
                   TITLE LVII--HEALTH CARE PROVISIONS

          Subtitle A--TRICARE and Other Health Care Provisions

Sec. 5707. Pilot program on receipt of non-generic prescription 
                            maintenance medications under TRICARE 
                            pharmacy benefits program.
                 Subtitle B--Health Care Administration

Sec. 5723. Authority of Secretary of Defense to waive requirements 
                            during national emergencies for purposes of 
                            provision of health care.
                 Subtitle C--Reports and Other Matters

Sec. 5741. Study and report on surge capacity of Department of Defense 
                            to establish negative air room containment 
                            systems in military medical treatment 
                            facilities.
 TITLE LVIII--ACQUISITION POLICY, ACQUISITION MANAGEMENT, AND RELATED 
                                MATTERS

                  Subtitle A--Industrial Base Matters

Sec. 5801. Report on use of domestic nonavailability determinations.
Sec. 5802. Report on the effect of the Defense Manufacturing 
                            Communities Support Program on the defense 
                            supply chain.
Sec. 5803. Improving implementation of policy pertaining to the 
                            national technology and industrial base.
Sec. 5808. Additional requirements pertaining to printed circuit 
                            boards.
Sec. 5812. Miscellaneous limitations on the procurement of goods other 
                            than United States goods.
Subtitle C--Amendments to General Contracting Authorities, Procedures, 
                            and Limitations

Sec. 5841. Waivers of certain conditions for progress payments under 
                            certain contracts during the COVID-19 
                            national emergency.
                   Subtitle E--Small Business Matters

Sec. 5871. Office of Small Business and Disadvantaged Business 
                            Utilization.
Sec. 5872. Eligibility of the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana 
                            Islands for certain Small Business 
                            Administration programs.
Sec. 5873. Disaster declaration in rural areas.
Sec. 5874. Temporary extension for 8(a) participants.
Sec. 5875. Maximum award price for sole source manufacturing contracts.
Sec. 5876. Annual reports regarding the SBIR program of the Department 
                            of Defense.
Sec. 5877. Small business loans for nonprofit child care providers.
                       Subtitle G--Other Matters

Sec. 5891. Listing of other transaction authority consortia.
Sec. 5892. Report recommending disposition of notes to certain sections 
                            of title 10, United States Code.
Sec. 5893. Applicability of reporting requirement related to notional 
                            milestones and standard timelines for 
                            foreign military sales.
Sec. 5894. Additional requirements related to mitigating risks related 
                            to foreign ownership, control, or influence 
                            of Department of Defense contractors and 
                            subcontractors.
      TITLE LIX--DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE ORGANIZATION AND MANAGEMENT

Subtitle D--Organization and Management of Other Department of Defense 
                          Offices and Elements

Sec. 5951. Comptroller General of the United States report on 
                            vulnerabilities of the Department of 
                            Defense resulting from offshore technical 
                            support call centers.
                      TITLE LX--GENERAL PROVISIONS

                     Subtitle A--Financial Matters

Sec. 6001. Under Secretary of Defense (Comptroller) reports on 
                            improving the budget justification and 
                            related materials of the Department of 
                            Defense.
Sec. 6002. Report on fiscal year 2022 budget request requirements in 
                            connection with Air Force operations in the 
                            Arctic.
Sec. 6003. Providing information to States regarding undelivered 
                            savings bonds.
         Subtitle E--Miscellaneous Authorities and Limitations

Sec. 6046. Conditions for permanently basing United States equipment or 
                            additional military units in host countries 
                            with at-risk vendors in 5G or 6G networks.
Sec. 6047. Antidiscrimination.
                    Subtitle F--Studies and Reports

Sec. 6061. Maritime security and domain awareness.
Sec. 6062. Report on pandemic preparedness and planning of the Navy.
Sec. 6063. Study and report on the affordability of insulin.
                       Subtitle G--Other Matters

Sec. 6081. Modification to First Division monument.
Sec. 6082. Estimate of damages from Federal Communications Commission 
                            Order 20-48.
Sec. 6083. Diesel emissions reduction.
Sec. 6084. Utilizing significant emissions with innovative 
                            technologies.
Sec. 6085. Legal assistance for veterans and surviving spouses and 
                            dependents.
Sec. 6086. Silver Star Service Banner Day.
Sec. 6087. Established Program to Stimulate Competitive Research.
Sec. 6088. Subpoena authority.
Sec. 6089. Thad Cochran headquarters building.
Sec. 6090. Comptroller General of the United States report on handling 
                            by Department of Veterans Affairs of 
                            disability-related benefits claims by 
                            veterans with type 1 diabetes who were 
                            exposed to a herbicide agent.
Sec. 6091. Special rules for certain monthly workers' compensation 
                            payments and other payments for Federal 
                            Government personnel under chief of mission 
                            authority.
                  Subtitle H--Industries of the Future

Sec. 6094A. Short title.
Sec. 6094B. Report on Federal research and development focused on 
                            industries of the future.
Sec. 6094C. Industries of the Future Coordination Council.
                         Subtitle I--READI Act

Sec. 6096. Short title.
Sec. 6096A. Definitions.
Sec. 6096B. Wireless Emergency Alerts System offerings.
Sec. 6096C. State Emergency Alert System Plans and Emergency 
                            Communications Committees.
Sec. 6096D. Integrated public alert and warning system guidance.
Sec. 6096E. False alert reporting.
Sec. 6096F. Repeating Emergency Alert System messages for national 
                            security.
Sec. 6096G. Internet and online streaming services emergency alert 
                            examination.
            TITLE LXII--MATTERS RELATING TO FOREIGN NATIONS

        Subtitle B--Matters Relating to Afghanistan and Pakistan

Sec. 6211. Congressional oversight of United States talks with Taliban 
                            officials and Afghanistan's comprehensive 
                            peace process.
   Subtitle D--Matters Relating to Europe and the Russian Federation

Sec. 6231. Clarification and expansion of sanctions relating to 
                            construction of Nord Stream 2 or TurkStream 
                            pipeline projects.
Sec. 6235. Sense of Senate on admission of Ukraine to the North 
                            Atlantic Treaty Organization Enhanced 
                            Opportunities Partnership Program.
        Subtitle E--Matters Relating to the Indo-Pacific Region

Sec. 6251. Pilot program to improve cyber cooperation with Vietnam, 
                            Thailand, and Indonesia.
                          Subtitle F--Reports

Sec. 6273. Report on risk to personnel, equipment, and operations due 
                            to Huawei 5G architecture in host 
                            countries.
                       Subtitle G--Other Matters

Sec. 6281. Comparative studies on defense budget transparency of the 
                            People's Republic of China, the Russian 
                            Federation, and the United States.
Sec. 6282. Modification to initiative to support protection of national 
                            security academic researchers from undue 
                            influence and other security threats.
Sec. 6283. Sense of Senate on United States-Israel cooperation on 
                            precision-guided munitions.
Sec. 6284. Blocking deadly fentanyl imports.
Sec. 6286. Establishment of United States-Israel Operations-Technology 
                            Working Group.
          Subtitle H--United States-Israel Security Assistance

Sec. 6290. Short title.
Sec. 6290A. Definition.
               Chapter 1--Security Assistance for Israel

Sec. 6291. Findings.
Sec. 6292. Statement of policy.
Sec. 6293. Security assistance for Israel.
Sec. 6294. Extension of war reserves stockpile authority.
Sec. 6295. Extension of loan guarantees to Israel.
Sec. 6296. Transfer of precision guided munitions to Israel.
Sec. 6297. Sense of Congress on rapid acquisition and deployment 
                            procedures.
Sec. 6298. Eligibility of Israel for the strategic trade authorization 
                            exception to certain export control 
                            licensing requirements.
          Chapter 2--Enhanced United States-Israel Cooperation

Sec. 6299. United States Agency for International Development memoranda 
                            of understanding to enhance cooperation 
                            with Israel.
Sec. 6299A. Cooperative projects among the United States, Israel, and 
                            developing countries.
Sec. 6299B. Joint cooperative program related to innovation and high-
                            tech for the Middle East region.
Sec. 6299C. Sense of Congress on United States-Israel economic 
                            cooperation.
Sec. 6299D. Cooperation on directed energy capabilities.
Sec. 6299E. Plans to provide Israel with necessary defense articles and 
                            services in a contingency.
Sec. 6299F. Other matters of cooperation.
    TITLE LXVI--STRATEGIC PROGRAMS, CYBER, AND INTELLIGENCE MATTERS

                 Subtitle B--Cyberspace Related Matters

Sec. 6611. Report on use of encryption by Department of Defense 
                            national security systems.
Sec. 6612. Guidance and direction on use of direct hiring processes for 
                            artificial intelligence professionals and 
                            other data science and software development 
                            personnel.
Sec. 6613. Cybersecurity State Coordinator Act.
Sec. 6614. Cybersecurity Advisory Committee.
Sec. 6615. Cybersecurity Education and Training Assistance Program.
                       Subtitle C--Nuclear Forces

Sec. 6651. Report on electromagnetic pulse hardening of ground-based 
                            strategic deterrent weapons system.
                 TITLE LXVII--NUCLEAR ENERGY LEADERSHIP

Sec. 6701. Advanced nuclear reactor research and development goals.
Sec. 6702. Nuclear energy strategic plan.
Sec. 6703. Versatile, reactor-based fast neutron source.
Sec. 6704. Advanced nuclear fuel security program.
Sec. 6705. University Nuclear Leadership Program.
Sec. 6706. Adjusting strategic petroleum reserve mandated drawdowns.
      TITLE LXXVIII--MILITARY CONSTRUCTION AND GENERAL PROVISIONS

               Subtitle A--Military Construction Program

Sec. 7801. Modification to authority for military construction projects 
                            for child development centers at military 
                            installations.
Sec. 7802. Modification of construction of ground-based strategic 
                            deterrent launch facilities and launch 
                            centers for the Air Force.
                  Subtitle B--Military Family Housing

Sec. 7821. Inclusion of assessment of performance metrics in annual 
                            publication on use of incentive fees for 
                            privatized military housing projects.
                      Subtitle D--Land Conveyances

Sec. 7861. Establishment of interagency committees on joint use of 
                            certain land withdrawn from appropriation 
                            under public land laws.
Sec. 7862. Lease extension for Bryan Multi-Sports Complex, Wayne 
                            County, North Carolina.
                       Subtitle E--Other Matters

Sec. 7881. Sense of Congress on relocation of Joint Spectrum Center.
      TITLE LXXXI--DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY NATIONAL SECURITY PROGRAMS

                       Subtitle F--Other Matters

Sec. 8159. Extension and expansion of limitations on importation of 
                            uranium from Russian Federation.
    DIVISION F--INTELLIGENCE AUTHORIZATION ACT FOR FISCAL YEAR 2021

Sec. 9001. Short title.
Sec. 9002. Definitions.
                   TITLE XCI--INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES

Sec. 9101. Authorization of appropriations.
Sec. 9102. Classified Schedule of Authorizations.
Sec. 9103. Intelligence Community Management Account.
   TITLE XCII--CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE AGENCY RETIREMENT AND DISABILITY 
                                 SYSTEM

Sec. 9201. Authorization of appropriations.
              TITLE XCIII--INTELLIGENCE COMMUNITY MATTERS

           Subtitle A--General Intelligence Community Matters

Sec. 9301. Restriction on conduct of intelligence activities.
Sec. 9302. Increase in employee compensation and benefits authorized by 
                            law.
Sec. 9303. Clarification of authorities and responsibilities of 
                            National Manager for National Security 
                            Telecommunications and Information Systems 
                            Security.
Sec. 9304. Continuity of operations plans for certain elements of the 
                            intelligence community in the case of a 
                            national emergency.
Sec. 9305. Application of Executive Schedule level III to position of 
                            Director of National Reconnaissance Office.
Sec. 9306. National Intelligence University.
Sec. 9307. Requiring facilitation of establishment of Social Media Data 
                            and Threat Analysis Center.
Sec. 9308. Data collection on attrition in intelligence community.
Sec. 9309. Limitation on delegation of responsibility for program 
                            management of information-sharing 
                            environment.
Sec. 9310. Improvements to provisions relating to intelligence 
                            community information technology 
                            environment.
Sec. 9311. Requirements and authorities for Director of the Central 
                            Intelligence Agency to improve education in 
                            science, technology, engineering, arts, and 
                            mathematics.
    Subtitle B--Reports and Assessments Pertaining to Intelligence 
                               Community

Sec. 9321. Assessment by the Comptroller General of the United States 
                            on efforts of the intelligence community 
                            and the Department of Defense to identify 
                            and mitigate risks posed to the 
                            intelligence community and the Department 
                            by the use of direct-to-consumer genetic 
                            testing by the Government of the People's 
                            Republic of China.
Sec. 9322. Report on use by intelligence community of hiring 
                            flexibilities and expedited human resources 
                            practices to assure quality and diversity 
                            in the workforce of the intelligence 
                            community.
Sec. 9323. Report on signals intelligence priorities and requirements.
Sec. 9324. Assessment of demand for student loan repayment program 
                            benefit.
Sec. 9325. Assessment of intelligence community demand for child care.
Sec. 9326. Open source intelligence strategies and plans for the 
                            intelligence community.
         TITLE XCIV--SECURITY CLEARANCES AND TRUSTED WORKFORCE

Sec. 9401. Exclusivity, consistency, and transparency in security 
                            clearance procedures, and right to appeal.
Sec. 9402. Establishing process parity for security clearance 
                            revocations.
Sec. 9403. Federal policy on sharing of derogatory information 
                            pertaining to contractor employees in the 
                            trusted workforce.
                  TITLE XCV--REPORTS AND OTHER MATTERS

Sec. 9501. Report on attempts by foreign adversaries to build 
                            telecommunications and cybersecurity 
                            equipment and services for, or to provide 
                            such equipment and services to, certain 
                            allies of the United States.
Sec. 9502. Report on threats posed by use by foreign governments and 
                            entities of commercially available cyber 
                            intrusion and surveillance technology.
Sec. 9503. Reports on recommendations of the Cyberspace Solarium 
                            Commission.
Sec. 9504. Assessment of critical technology trends relating to 
                            artificial intelligence, microchips, and 
                            semiconductors and related supply chains.
Sec. 9505. Combating Chinese influence operations in the United States 
                            and strengthening civil liberties 
                            protections.
Sec. 9506. Annual report on corrupt activities of senior officials of 
                            the Chinese Communist Party.
Sec. 9507. Report on corrupt activities of Russian and other Eastern 
                            European oligarchs.
Sec. 9508. Report on biosecurity risk and disinformation by the Chinese 
                            Communist Party and the Government of the 
                            People's Republic of China.
Sec. 9509. Report on effect of lifting of United Nations arms embargo 
                            on Islamic Republic of Iran.
Sec. 9510. Report on Iranian activities relating to nuclear 
                            nonproliferation.
Sec. 9511. Sense of Congress on Third Option Foundation.

SEC. 3. CONGRESSIONAL DEFENSE COMMITTEES.

    In this Act, the term ``congressional defense committees'' has the 
meaning given that term in section 101(a)(16) of title 10, United 
States Code.

SEC. 4. BUDGETARY EFFECTS OF THIS ACT.

    The budgetary effects of this Act, for the purposes of complying 
with the Statutory Pay-As-You-Go Act of 2010, shall be determined by 
reference to the latest statement titled ``Budgetary Effects of PAYGO 
Legislation'' for this Act, jointly submitted for printing in the 
Congressional Record by the Chairmen of the House and Senate Budget 
Committees, provided that such statement has been submitted prior to 
the vote on passage in the House acting first on the conference report 
or amendment between the Houses.

            DIVISION A--DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE AUTHORIZATIONS

                          TITLE I--PROCUREMENT

              Subtitle A--Authorization of Appropriations

SEC. 101. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

    Funds are hereby authorized to be appropriated for fiscal year 2021 
for procurement for the Army, the Navy and the Marine Corps, the Air 
Force, and Defense-wide activities, as specified in the funding table 
in section 4101.

                       Subtitle B--Army Programs

SEC. 111. INTEGRATED AIR AND MISSILE DEFENSE ASSESSMENT.

    (a) Assessment by Secretary of the Army.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary of the Army shall conduct a 
        classified assessment of the capability and capacity of current 
        and planned integrated air and missile defense (IAMD) 
        capabilities to meet combatant commander requirements for major 
        operations against great-power competitors and other global 
        operations in support of the National Defense Strategy.
            (2) Elements.--The assessment required by paragraph (1) 
        shall include the following:
                    (A) Analysis and characterization of current and 
                emerging threats, including the following:
                            (i) Cruise, hypersonic, and ballistic 
                        missiles.
                            (ii) Unmanned aerial systems.
                            (iii) Rockets.
                            (iv) Other indirect fire.
                            (v) Specific and meaningfully varied 
                        examples within each of subclauses (I) through 
                        (IV).
                    (B) Analysis of current and planned integrated air 
                and missile defense capabilities to counter the threats 
                analyzed and characterized under subparagraph (A), 
                including the following:
                            (i) Projected timelines for development, 
                        procurement, and fielding of planned integrated 
                        air and missile defense capabilities.
                            (ii) Projected capability gaps.
                            (iii) Opportunities for acceleration or 
                        need for incorporation of interim capabilities 
                        to address current and projected gaps.
                    (C) Analysis of current and planned capacity to 
                meet major contingency plan requirements and ongoing 
                global operations of the combatant commands, including 
                the following:
                            (i) Current and planned numbers of 
                        integrated air and missile defense systems and 
                        formations, including munitions.
                            (ii) Capacity gaps in addressing combatant 
                        command requirements.
                            (iii) Operations tempo stress on integrated 
                        air and missile defense formations and 
                        personnel.
                            (iv) Plans of the Secretary to continue to 
                        increase integrated air and missile defense 
                        personnel and formations.
                    (D) Assessment of integrated air and missile 
                defense architecture and enabling command and control 
                systems, including the following:
                            (i) A description of the integrated air and 
                        missile defense architecture and component 
                        counter unmanned aerial systems (C-UAS) sub-
                        architecture.
                            (ii) Identification of the enabling command 
                        and control (C2) systems.
                            (iii) Inter-connectivity of the enabling 
                        command and control systems.
                            (iv) Compatibility of the enabling command 
                        and control systems with planned Joint All 
                        Domain Command and Control (JADC2) 
                        architecture.
                    (E) Assessment of proponency within the Army of 
                integrated air and missile defense and counter unmanned 
                aerial systems, including the following:
                            (i) A description of the current proponency 
                        structure.
                            (ii) Adequacy of the current proponency 
                        structure to facilitate Army executive agency 
                        integrated air and missile defense and counter 
                        unmanned aerial systems functions for the 
                        Department of Defense.
                            (iii) Benefits of establishing integrated 
                        air and missile defense and counter unmanned 
                        aerial systems centers of excellence to help 
                        focus Army and joint force efforts to achieving 
                        a functional integrated air and missile defense 
                        capability and capacity to meet requirements of 
                        the combatant commands.
            (3) Characterization.--
                    (A) In general.--In carrying out paragraph (2)(A), 
                the Secretary shall avoid broad characterizations that 
                do not sufficiently distinguish between distinctly 
                different threats in the same general class.
                    (B) Example.--An example of a broad 
                characterization to be avoided under such paragraph is 
                ``cruise missiles'', since such characterization does 
                not sufficiently distinguish between current cruise 
                missiles and emerging hypersonic cruise missiles, which 
                may require different capabilities to counter them.
            (4) Report and interim briefing.--
                    (A) Interim briefing.--Not later than December 15, 
                2020, the Secretary shall provide the Committee on 
                Armed Services of the Senate and Committee on Armed 
                Services of the House of Representatives a briefing on 
                the assessment being conducted by the Secretary under 
                paragraph (1).
                    (B) Report.--Not later than February 15, 2021, the 
                Secretary shall submit to the Committee on Armed 
                Services of the Senate and Committee on Armed Services 
                of the House of Representatives a report on the 
                findings of the Secretary with respect to the 
                assessment conducted under paragraph (1).
    (b) Review by Vice Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff.--
            (1) Review.--The Vice Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff 
        shall review the assessment being conducted under subsection 
        (a)(1) for potential gaps in capability and capacity to meet 
        requirements of the National Defense Strategy.
            (2) Report.--Not later than April 15, 2021, the Vice 
        Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff shall submit to the 
        Committee on Armed Services of the Senate and Committee on 
        Armed Services of the House of Representatives a report on the 
        finding of the Vice Chairman with respect to the review 
        conducted under paragraph (1).

SEC. 112. REPORT AND LIMITATION ON INTEGRATED VISUAL AUGMENTATION 
              SYSTEM ACQUISITION.

    (a) Report Required.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than August 15, 2021, the 
        Secretary of the Army shall submit to the congressional defense 
        committees a report on the Integrated Visual Augmentation 
        System (IVAS) subsequent to the completion of operational 
        testing.
            (2) Elements required.--The report required by paragraph 
        (1) shall include the following:
                    (A) Certification of the IVAS acquisition strategy, 
                to include production model costs, full rate production 
                schedule, and identification of any changes resulting 
                from operational testing.
                    (B) Certification of technology levels being 
                utilized in the full rate production model.
                    (C) Certification of operational suitability and 
                soldier acceptability of the production model IVAS.
    (b) Limitation on Use of Funds.--Not more than 50 percent of the 
amounts authorized to be appropriated by this Act for fiscal year 2021 
for procurement of the Integrated Visual Augmentation System may be 
obligated or expended until the Secretary submits to the congressional 
defense committees the report required under subsection (a).

SEC. 113. MODIFICATIONS TO REQUIREMENT FOR AN INTERIM CRUISE MISSILE 
              DEFENSE CAPABILITY.

    (a) Plan.--Not later than January 15, 2021, the Secretary of the 
Army shall submit to the congressional defense committees the plan, 
including a timeline, to operationally deploy or forward station the 
two batteries of interim cruise missile defense capability procured 
pursuant to section 112 of the John S. McCain National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2019 (Public Law 115-232; 132 Stat. 
1660) in an operational theater or theaters.
    (b) Modification of Waiver.--Section 112(b)(4) of the John S. 
McCain National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2019 (Public 
Law 115-232; 132 Stat. 1661) is amended to read as follows:
            ``(4) Waiver.--The Secretary of the Army may waive the 
        deadlines specified in paragraph (1):
                    ``(A) For the deadline specified in paragraph 
                (1)(A), if the Secretary determines that sufficient 
                funds have not been appropriated to enable the 
                Secretary to meet such deadline.
                    ``(B) For the deadline specified in paragraph 
                (1)(B), if the Secretary submits to the congressional 
                defense committees a certification that--
                            ``(i) allocating resources toward 
                        procurement of an integrated enduring 
                        capability would provide robust tiered and 
                        layered protection to the joint force; or
                            ``(ii) additional time is required to 
                        complete training and preparation for 
                        operational capability.''.

                       Subtitle C--Navy Programs

SEC. 121. CONTRACT AUTHORITY FOR COLUMBIA-CLASS SUBMARINE PROGRAM.

    (a) Contract Authority.--The Secretary of the Navy may enter into a 
contract, beginning with fiscal year 2021, for the procurement of up to 
two Columbia-class submarines.
    (b) Incremental Funding.--With respect to a contract entered into 
under subsection (a), the Secretary of the Navy may use incremental 
funding to make payments under the contract.
    (c) Liability.--Any contract entered into under subsection (a) 
shall provide that--
            (1) any obligation of the United States to make a payment 
        under the contract is subject to the availability of 
        appropriations for that purpose; and
            (2) total liability of the Federal Government for 
        termination of any contract entered into shall be limited to 
        the total amount of funding obligated to the contract at time 
        of termination.

SEC. 122. LIMITATION ON NAVY MEDIUM AND LARGE UNMANNED SURFACE VESSELS.

    (a) Milestone B Approval Requirements.--Milestone B approval may 
not be granted for a covered program unless such program accomplishes 
prior to and incorporates into such approval--
            (1) qualification by the Senior Technical Authority of--
                    (A) at least two different main propulsion engines 
                and ancillary equipment, including the fuel and lube 
                oil systems; and
                    (B) at least two different electrical generators 
                and ancillary equipment;
            (2) final results of test programs of engineering 
        development models or prototypes for critical systems specified 
        by the Senior Technical Authority in their final form, fit, and 
        function and in a realistic environment; and
            (3) a determination by the milestone decision authority of 
        the minimum number of vessels, discrete test events, 
        performance parameters to be tested, and schedule required to 
        complete initial operational test and evaluation and 
        demonstrate operational suitability and operational 
        effectiveness.
    (b) Qualification Requirements.--The qualification required in 
subsection (a)(1) shall include a land-based operational demonstration 
of such equipment in the vessel-representative form, fit, and function 
for not less than 1,080 continuous hours without preventative 
maintenance, corrective maintenance, emergent repair, or any other form 
of repair or maintenance.
    (c) Requirement to Use Qualified Engines and Generators.--The 
Secretary of the Navy shall require that covered programs use only main 
propulsion engines and electrical generators that are qualified under 
subsection (a)(1).
    (d) Limitation.--The Secretary of the Navy may not release a detail 
design or construction request for proposals or obligate funds from a 
procurement account for a covered program until such program receives 
Milestone B approval and the milestone decision authority notifies the 
congressional defense committees, in writing, of the actions taken to 
comply with the requirements under this section.
    (e) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) The term ``covered program'' means a program for--
                    (A) medium unmanned surface vessels; or
                    (B) large unmanned surface vessels.
            (2) The term ``Milestone B approval'' has the meaning given 
        the term in section 2366(e)(7) of title 10, United States Code.
            (3) The term ``milestone decision authority'' means the 
        official within the Department of Defense designated with the 
        overall responsibility and authority for acquisition decisions 
        for the program, including authority to approve entry of the 
        program into the next phase of the acquisition process.
            (4) The term ``Senior Technical Authority'' has the meaning 
        given the term in section 8669b of title 10, United States 
        Code.

SEC. 123. EXTENSION OF PROHIBITION ON AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS FOR NAVY 
              WATERBORNE SECURITY BARRIERS.

    Section 130(a) of the John S. McCain National Defense Authorization 
Act for Fiscal Year 2019 (Public Law 115-232; 132 Stat. 1665), as 
amended by section 126 of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
Fiscal Year 2020 (Public Law 116-92), is further amended by striking 
``for fiscal year 2019 or fiscal year 2020'' and inserting ``for fiscal 
years 2019, 2020, or 2021''.

SEC. 124. PROCUREMENT AUTHORITIES FOR CERTAIN AMPHIBIOUS SHIPBUILDING 
              PROGRAMS.

    (a) Contract Authority.--
            (1) Procurement authorized.--In fiscal year 2021, the 
        Secretary of the Navy may enter into one or more contracts for 
        the procurement of three San Antonio-class amphibious ships and 
        one America-class amphibious ship.
            (2) Procurement in conjunction with existing contracts.--
        The ships authorized to be procured under paragraph (1) may be 
        procured as additions to existing contracts covering such 
        programs.
    (b) Certification Required.--A contract may not be entered into 
under subsection (a) unless the Secretary of the Navy certifies to the 
congressional defense committees, in writing, not later than 30 days 
before entry into the contract, each of the following, which shall be 
prepared by the milestone decision authority for such programs:
            (1) The use of such a contract is consistent with the 
        Department of the Navy's projected force structure requirements 
        for amphibious ships.
            (2) The use of such a contract will result in significant 
        savings compared to the total anticipated costs of carrying out 
        the program through annual contracts. In certifying cost 
        savings under the preceding sentence, the Secretary shall 
        include a written explanation of--
                    (A) the estimated end cost and appropriated funds 
                by fiscal year, by hull, without the authority provided 
                in subsection (a);
                    (B) the estimated end cost and appropriated funds 
                by fiscal year, by hull, with the authority provided in 
                subsection (a);
                    (C) the estimated cost savings or increase by 
                fiscal year, by hull, with the authority provided in 
                subsection (a);
                    (D) the discrete actions that will accomplish such 
                cost savings or avoidance; and
                    (E) the contractual actions that will ensure the 
                estimated cost savings are realized.
            (3) There is a reasonable expectation that throughout the 
        contemplated contract period the Secretary of the Navy will 
        request funding for the contract at the level required to avoid 
        contract cancellation.
            (4) There is a stable design for the property to be 
        acquired and the technical risks associated with such property 
        are not excessive.
            (5) The estimates of both the cost of the contract and the 
        anticipated cost avoidance through the use of a contract 
        authorized under subsection (a) are realistic.
            (6) The use of such a contract will promote the national 
        security of the United States.
            (7) During the fiscal year in which such contract is to be 
        awarded, sufficient funds will be available to perform the 
        contract in such fiscal year, and the future-years defense 
        program (as defined under section 221 of title 10, United 
        States Code) for such fiscal year will include the funding 
        required to execute the program without cancellation.
    (c) Authority for Advance Procurement.--The Secretary of the Navy 
may enter into one or more contracts for advance procurement associated 
with a vessel or vessels for which authorization to enter into a 
contract is provided under subsection (a), and for systems and 
subsystems associated with such vessels in economic order quantities 
when cost savings are achievable.
    (d) Condition for Out-year Contract Payments.--A contract entered 
into under subsection (a) shall provide that any obligation of the 
United States to make a payment under the contract for a fiscal year is 
subject to the availability of appropriations for that purpose for such 
fiscal year.
    (e) Milestone Decision Authority Defined.--In this section. the 
term ``milestone decision authority'' has the meaning given the term in 
section 2366a(d) of title 10, United States Code.

SEC. 125. FIGHTER FORCE STRUCTURE ACQUISITION STRATEGY.

    (a) Report Required.--Not later than March 1, 2021, the Secretary 
of the Navy shall submit to the congressional defense committees a 
report with a fighter force structure acquisition strategy that is 
aligned with the results of the independent studies required under 
section 1064 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 
2018 (Public Law 115-91; 131 Stat. 1576).The strategy shall establish a 
minimum number of F-35 and Next Generation Air Dominance (NGAD) 
aircraft that the Navy and Marine Corps would be required to purchase 
each year to mitigate or manage strike fighter shortfalls.
    (b) Limitation on Deviation From Strategy.--The Department of the 
Navy may not deviate from the acquisition strategy established under 
subsection (a) until--
            (1) the Secretary of the Navy receives a waiver and 
        justification from the Secretary of Defense; and
            (2) 30 days after the Secretary of the Navy notifies the 
        congressional defense committees of the proposed deviation.

SEC. 126. TREATMENT OF SYSTEMS ADDED BY CONGRESS IN FUTURE PRESIDENT'S 
              BUDGET REQUESTS.

    A procurement quantity of a system authorized by Congress in a 
National Defense Authorization Act for a given fiscal year that is 
subsequently appropriated by Congress in an amount greater than the 
quantity of such system included in the President's annual budget 
request submitted to Congress under section 1105 of title 31, United 
States Code, for such fiscal year shall not be included as a new 
procurement quantity in future annual budget requests.

SEC. 127. REPORT ON CARRIER WING COMPOSITION.

    (a) Report.--Not later than May 1, 2021, the Secretary of the Navy, 
in consultation with the Chief of Naval Operations and Commandant of 
the Marine Corps, shall submit to the congressional defense committees 
a report on the optimal composition of the carrier air wing in 2030 and 
2040, as well as alternative force design concepts.
    (b) Elements.--The report required under subsection (a) shall 
include the following elements:
            (1) An analysis and justification used to reach the 50-50 
        mix of 4th and 5th generation aircraft for 2030.
            (2) An analysis and justification for the optimal mix of 
        carrier aircraft for 2040.
            (3) A plan for incorporating unmanned aerial vehicles and 
        associated communication capabilities to effectively implement 
        the future force design.

SEC. 128. REPORT ON STRATEGY TO USE ALQ-249 NEXT GENERATION JAMMER TO 
              ENSURE FULL SPECTRUM ELECTROMAGNETIC SUPERIORITY.

    (a) Report.--Not later than July 30, 2021, the Secretary of the 
Navy, in consultation with the Vice Chairman of the Joint Chiefs, shall 
submit to the congressional defense committees report with a strategy 
to ensure full spectrum electromagnetic superiority using the ALQ-249 
Next Generation Jammer.
    (b) Elements.--The report required under subsection (a) shall 
include the following elements:
            (1) A description of the current procurement strategy of 
        the ALQ-249 and the analysis of its capability to meet the RF 
        frequency ranges required in a National Defense Strategy (NDS) 
        conflict.
            (2) An assessment of the ALQ-249's compatibility and 
        ability to synchronize non-kinetic fires using other Joint 
        Electronic Warfare (EW) platforms.
            (3) A future model of an interlinked/interdependent 
        electronic warfare menu of options for commanders at tactical, 
        operational, and strategic levels.

                     Subtitle D--Air Force Programs

SEC. 141. ECONOMIC ORDER QUANTITY CONTRACTING AUTHORITY FOR F-35 JOINT 
              STRIKE FIGHTER PROGRAM.

    (a) Authority for Advance Procurement and Economic Order 
Quantity.--The Secretary of Defense may enter into one or more 
contracts, beginning with the fiscal year 2020 program year, for the 
procurement of economic order quantities of material and equipment for 
the F-35 aircraft program for use in procurement contracts to be 
awarded for such program during fiscal years 2021 through 2023.
    (b) Limitation.--The total amount obligated in fiscal year 2021 
under all contracts entered into under subsection (a) shall not exceed 
$493,000,000.
    (c) Preliminary Findings.--Before entering into a contract under 
subsection (a), the Secretary shall make each of the following findings 
with respect to such contract:
            (1) The use of such a contract will result in significant 
        savings of the total anticipated costs of carrying out the 
        program through annual contracts.
            (2) The minimum need for the property to be procured is 
        expected to remain substantially unchanged during the 
        contemplated contract period in terms of production rate, 
        procurement rate, and total quantities.
            (3) There is a reasonable expectation that, throughout the 
        contemplated contract period, the Secretary will request 
        funding for the contract at the level required to avoid 
        contract cancellation.
            (4) There is a stable design for the property to be 
        procured, and the technical risks associated with such property 
        are not excessive.
            (5) The estimates of both the cost of the contract and the 
        anticipated cost avoidance through the use of an economic order 
        quantity contract are realistic.
            (6) Entering into the contract will promote the national 
        security interests of the United States.
    (d) Certification Requirement.--Except as provided in subsection 
(e), the Secretary of Defense may not enter into a contract under 
subsection (a) until 30 days after the Secretary certifies to the 
congressional defense committees, in writing, that each of the 
following conditions is satisfied:
            (1) A sufficient number of end items of the system being 
        acquired under such contract have been delivered at or within 
        the most recently available estimates of the program 
        acquisition unit cost or procurement unit cost for such system 
        to determine that the estimates of the unit costs are 
        realistic.
            (2) During the fiscal year in which such contract is to be 
        awarded, sufficient funds will be available to perform the 
        contract in such fiscal year, and the future-years defense 
        program submitted to Congress under section 221 of title 10, 
        United States Code, for that fiscal year will include the 
        funding required to execute the program without cancellation.
            (3) The contract is a fixed-price type contract.
            (4) The proposed contract provides for production at not 
        less than minimum economic rates given the existing tooling and 
        facilities.
            (5) The Secretary has determined that each of the 
        conditions described in paragraphs (1) through (6) of 
        subsection (c) will be met by such contract and has provided 
        the basis for such determination to the congressional defense 
        committees.
            (6) The determination under paragraph (5) was made after 
        the completion of a cost analysis performed by the Director of 
        Cost Assessment and Program Evaluation for the purpose of 
        section 2334(f)(2) of title 10, United States Code, and the 
        analysis supports that determination.
    (e) Exception.--Notwithstanding subsection (d), the Secretary of 
Defense may enter into a contract under subsection (a) on or after 
December 1, 2020, if--
            (1) the Director of Cost Assessment and Program Evaluation 
        has not completed a cost analysis of the preliminary findings 
        made by the Secretary under subsection (c) with respect to the 
        contract;
            (2) the Secretary certifies to the congressional defense 
        committees, in writing, that each of the conditions described 
        in paragraphs (1) through (5) of subsection (d) is satisfied; 
        and
            (3) a period of 30 days has elapsed following the date on 
        which the Secretary submits the certification under paragraph 
        (2).

SEC. 142. MINIMUM AIRCRAFT LEVELS FOR MAJOR MISSION AREAS.

    (a) Minimum Levels.--Except as provided under subsection (b), the 
Secretary of the Air Force shall maintain the following minima, based 
on Primary Mission Aircraft Inventory (PMAI):
            (1) 1,182 Fighter aircraft.
            (2) 190 Attack Remotely Piloted Aircraft (RPA).
            (3) 92 Bomber aircraft.
            (4) 412 Tanker aircraft.
            (5) 230 Tactical airlift aircraft.
            (6) 235 Strategic airlift aircraft.
            (7) 84 Strategic Intelligence, Surveillance, and 
        Reconnaissance (ISR) aircraft.
            (8) 106 Combat Search and Rescue (CSAR) aircraft.
    (b) Exceptions.--The Secretary of the Air Force may reduce the 
number of aircraft in the PMAI of the Air Force below the minima 
specified in subsection (a) only if--
            (1) the Secretary certifies to the congressional defense 
        committees that such reduction is justified by the results of 
        the new capability and requirements studies; and
            (2) a period of 30 days has elapsed following the date on 
        which the certification is made to the congressional defense 
        committees under paragraph (1).
    (c) Applicability.--The limitation in subsection (a) shall not 
apply to aircraft that the Secretary of the Air Force determines, on a 
case-by-case basis, to be no longer mission capable because of mishaps, 
other damage, or being uneconomical to repair.

SEC. 143. MINIMUM OPERATIONAL SQUADRON LEVEL.

    As soon as practicable after the date of the enactment of this Act 
and subject to the availability of appropriations, the Secretary of the 
Air Force shall seek to achieve a minimum of not fewer than 386 
available operational squadrons, or equivalent organizational units, 
within the Air Force. In addition to the operational squadrons, the 
Secretary shall strive to achieve the following primary mission 
aircraft inventory (PMAI) numbers:
            (1) 1,680 Fighter aircraft.
            (2) 199 Persist attack remotely piloted aircraft (RPA).
            (3) 225 Bomber aircraft.
            (4) 500 Air refueling aircraft.
            (5) 286 Tactical airlift aircraft.
            (6) 284 Strategic airlift aircraft.
            (7) 55 Command and control aircraft.
            (8) 105 Combat search and rescue (CSAR) aircraft.
            (9) 30 Intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance (ISR) 
        aircraft.
            (10) 179 Special operations aircraft.
            (11) 40 Electronic warfare (EW) aircraft.

SEC. 144. MINIMUM AIR FORCE BOMBER AIRCRAFT LEVEL.

     The Secretary of Defense shall submit to the congressional defense 
committees recommendations for a minimum number of bomber aircraft, 
including penetrating bombers in addition to B-52H aircraft, to enable 
the Air Force to carry out its long-range penetrating strike 
capability.

SEC. 145. F-35 GUN SYSTEM.

    The Secretary of the Air Force shall begin the procurement process 
for an alternate 25mm ammunition solution that provides a true full-
spectrum target engagement capability for the F-35A aircraft.

SEC. 146. PROHIBITION ON FUNDING FOR CLOSE AIR SUPPORT INTEGRATION 
              GROUP.

    No funds authorized to be appropriated by this Act may be obligated 
or expended for the Close Air Support Integration Group (CIG) or its 
subordinate units at Nellis Air Force Base, Nevada, and the Air Force 
may not utilize personnel or equipment in support of the CIG or its 
subordinate units.

SEC. 147. LIMITATION ON DIVESTMENT OF KC-10 AND KC-135 AIRCRAFT.

    The Secretary of Defense may not divest KC-10 and KC-135 aircraft 
in excess of the following amounts:
            (1) In fiscal year 2021, 6 KC-10 aircraft, including only 3 
        from primary mission aircraft inventory (PMAI).
            (2) In fiscal year 2022, 12 KC-10 aircraft.
            (3) In fiscal year 2023, 12 KC-10 and 14 KC-135 aircraft.

SEC. 148. LIMITATION ON RETIREMENT OF U-2 AND RQ-4 AIRCRAFT.

    (a) Limitation.--The Secretary of the Air Force may not take any 
action that would prevent the Air Force from maintaining the fleets of 
U-2 aircraft or RQ-4 aircraft in their current, or improved, 
configurations and capabilities until the Chairman of the Joint 
Requirements Oversight Council certifies in writing to the appropriate 
committees of Congress that the capability to be fielded at the same 
time or before the retirement of the U-2 aircraft or RQ-4 aircraft (as 
the case may be) would result in equal or greater capability available 
to the commanders of the combatant commands and would not result in 
less capacity available to the commanders of the combatant commands.
    (b) Waiver.--The Secretary of Defense may waive the certification 
requirement under subsection (a) with respect to U-2 aircraft or RQ-4 
aircraft if the Secretary--
            (1) determines, after analyzing sufficient and relevant 
        data, that a loss in capacity and capability will not prevent 
        the combatant commanders from accomplishing their missions at 
        acceptable levels of risk; and
            (2) provides to the appropriate committees of Congress a 
        certification of such determination and supporting analysis.
    (c) Appropriate Committees of Congress Defined.--In this section, 
the term ``appropriate committees of Congress'' means--
            (1) the Committee on Armed Services, the Committee on 
        Appropriations, and the Select Committee on Intelligence of the 
        Senate; and
            (2) the Committee on Armed Services, the Committee on 
        Appropriations, and the Permanent Select Committee on 
        Intelligence of the House of Representatives.

SEC. 149. LIMITATION ON DIVESTMENT OF F-15C AIRCRAFT IN THE EUROPEAN 
              THEATER.

    (a) In General.--The Secretary of the Air Force may not divest F-
15C aircraft in the European theater until the F-15EX aircraft is 
integrated into the Air Force and has begun bed down actions in the 
European theater.
    (b) Waiver.--The Secretary of Defense, after consultation with the 
Commander of the United States European Command (EUCOM), may waive the 
limitation under subsection (a) if the Secretary certifies to Congress 
the divestment is required for the national defense and that there 
exists sufficient resources at all times to meet NATO and EUCOM air 
superiority requirements for the European theater.

SEC. 150. AIR BASE DEFENSE DEVELOPMENT AND ACQUISITION STRATEGY.

    (a) Strategy Required.--Not later than March 1, 2021, the Chief of 
Staff of the Air Force (CSAF), in consultation with the Chief of Staff 
of the Army (CSA), shall submit to the congressional defense committees 
a development and acquisition strategy to procure a capability to 
protect air bases and prepositioned sites in contested environments 
highlighted in the National Defense Strategy. The strategy should 
ensure a solution that is effective against current and emerging cruise 
missile and advanced hypersonic missile threats.
    (b) Limitation on Use of Operation and Maintenance Funds.--Not more 
than 50 percent of the funds authorized to be appropriated by this Act 
for fiscal year 2021 for operation and maintenance for the Office of 
the Secretary of the Air Force and the Office of the Secretary of the 
Army may be obligated or expended until 15 days after submission of the 
strategy required under subsection (a).

SEC. 151. REQUIRED SOLUTION FOR KC-46 AIRCRAFT REMOTE VISUAL SYSTEM 
              LIMITATIONS.

    The Secretary of the Air Force shall develop and implement a 
complete, one-time solution to the KC-46 aircraft remote visual system 
(RVS) operational limitations. Not later than October 1, 2020, the 
Secretary shall submit to the congressional defense committees an 
implementation strategy for the solution.

SEC. 152. ANALYSIS OF REQUIREMENTS AND ADVANCED BATTLE MANAGEMENT 
              SYSTEM CAPABILITIES.

    (a) Analysis.--Not later than April 1, 2021, the Secretary of the 
Air Force, in consultation with the commanders of the combatant 
commands, shall develop an analysis of current and future moving target 
indicator requirements across the combatant commands and operational 
and tactical level command and control capabilities the Advanced Battle 
Management System (ABMS) will require when fielded.
    (b) JROC Requirements.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than 60 days after the Secretary 
        of the Air Force develops the analysis under subsection (a), 
        the Joint Requirements Oversight Council (JROC) shall certify 
        that requirements for ABMS incorporate the findings of the 
        analysis.
            (2) Congressional notification.--The Joint Requirements 
        Oversight Council (JROC) shall notify the congressional defense 
        committees upon making the certification required under 
        paragraph (1) and provide a briefing on the requirements and 
        findings described in such paragraph not later than 30 days 
        after such notification.

SEC. 153. STUDIES ON MEASURES TO ASSESS COST-PER-EFFECT FOR KEY MISSION 
              AREAS.

    (a) In General.--Not later than January 1, 2021, the Secretary of 
the Air Force shall provide for the performance of two independent 
studies to devise new measures to assess cost-per-effect for key 
mission areas. One of the studies shall be conducted by an organization 
described in section 501(c)(3) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 and 
exempt from tax under section 501(a) of such Code, and one of the 
studies shall be conducted by a federally funded research and 
development center.
    (b) Scope.--Each study conducted pursuant to subsection (a) shall 
address the following matters:
            (1) Number of weapon systems required to meet a specified 
        mission goal.
            (2) Number of personnel required to meet a specified 
        mission goal.
            (3) Associated operation and maintenance costs necessary to 
        facilitate respective operational constructs.
            (4) Basing requirements for respective force constructs.
            (5) Mission support elements required to facilitate 
        specified operations.
            (6) Defensive measures required to facilitate viable 
        mission operations.
            (7) Attrition due to enemy countermeasures and other loss 
        factors associated with respective technologies.
            (8) Associated weapon effects costs compared to alternative 
        forms of power projection.
    (c) Implementation of Measures.--The Secretary of the Air Force 
shall, as appropriate, incorporate the findings of the studies 
conducted pursuant to subsection (a) in the Air Force's future force 
development process. The measures--
            (1) should be domain and platform agnostic;
            (2) should focus on how best to achieve mission goals in 
        future operations; and
            (3) shall consider including harnessing cost-per-effect 
        assessments as a key performance parameter within the 
        Department of Defense's Joint Capabilities Integration and 
        Development System (JCIDS) requirements process.

SEC. 154. PLAN FOR OPERATIONAL TEST AND UTILITY EVALUATION OF SYSTEMS 
              FOR LOW-COST ATTRIBUTABLE AIRCRAFT TECHNOLOGY PROGRAM.

    Not later than October 1, 2020, the Assistant Secretary of the Air 
Force for Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics shall--
     (a) submit to the congressional defense committees an executable 
plan for the operational test and utility evaluation of the systems of 
the Low-Cost Attributable Aircraft Technology (LCAAT) program of the 
Air Force; and
    (b) brief the congressional defense committees on such plan.

SEC. 155. PROHIBITION ON RETIREMENT OR DIVESTMENT OF A-10 AIRCRAFT.

    The Secretary of Defense may not during fiscal year 2021 divest or 
retire any A-10 aircraft, in order to ensure ongoing capabilities to 
counter violent extremism and provide close air support and combat 
search and rescue in accordance with the National Defense Strategy.

       Subtitle E--Defense-wide, Joint, and Multiservice Matters

SEC. 171. BUDGETING FOR LIFE-CYCLE COST OF AIRCRAFT FOR THE NAVY, ARMY, 
              AND AIR FORCE: ANNUAL PLAN AND CERTIFICATION.

    (a) In General.--Chapter 9 of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended by inserting after section 231 the following new section:
``Sec. 231a. Budgeting for life-cycle cost of aircraft for the Navy, 
              Army, and Air Force: Annual plan and certification
    ``(a) Annual Aircraft Procurement Plan and Certification.--Not 
later than 45 days after the date on which the President submits to 
Congress the budget for a fiscal year, the Secretary of Defense shall 
submit to the congressional defense committees--
            ``(1) a plan for the procurement of the aircraft specified 
        in subsection (b) for the Department of the Navy, the 
        Department of the Army, and the Department of the Air Force 
        developed in accordance with this section; and
            ``(2) a certification by the Secretary that both the budget 
        for such fiscal year and the future years defense program 
        submitted to Congress in relation to such budget under section 
        221 of this title provide for funding of the procurement of 
        aircraft at a level that is sufficient for the procurement of 
        the aircraft provided for in the plan under paragraph (1) on 
        the schedule provided in the plan.
    ``(b) Covered Aircraft.--The aircraft specified in this subsection 
are the aircraft as follows:
            ``(1) Fighter aircraft.
            ``(2) Attack aircraft.
            ``(3) Bomber aircraft.
            ``(4) Intertheater lift aircraft.
            ``(5) Intratheater lift aircraft.
            ``(6) Intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance 
        aircraft.
            ``(7) Tanker aircraft.
            ``(8) Remotely piloted aircraft.
            ``(9) Rotary-wing aircraft.
            ``(10) Operational support and executive lift aircraft.
            ``(11) Any other major support aircraft designated by the 
        Secretary of Defense for purposes of this section.
    ``(c) Annual Aircraft Procurement Plan.--(1) The annual aircraft 
procurement plan developed for a fiscal year for purposes of subsection 
(a)(1) should be designed so that the aviation force provided for under 
the plan is capable of supporting the national military strategy of the 
United States as set forth in the most recent National Defense Strategy 
submitted under section 113(g) of title 10, United States Code, and 
National Military Strategy submitted under section 153(b) of title 10, 
United States Code.
    ``(2) Each annual aircraft procurement plan shall include the 
following:
            ``(A) A detailed program for the procurement of the 
        aircraft specified in subsection (b) for each of the Department 
        of the Navy, the Department of the Army, and the Department of 
        the Air Force over the next 30 fiscal years.
            ``(B) A description of the necessary aviation force 
        structure to meet the requirements of the national military 
        strategy of the United States or the most recent Quadrennial 
        Defense Review, whichever is applicable under paragraph (1).
            ``(C) The estimated levels of annual investment funding 
        necessary to carry out each aircraft program, together with a 
        discussion of the procurement strategies on which such 
        estimated levels of annual investment funding are based, set 
        forth in aggregate for the Department of Defense and in 
        aggregate for each military department.
            ``(D) The estimated level of annual funding necessary to 
        operate, maintain, sustain, and support each aircraft program 
        throughout the life-cycle of the program, set forth in 
        aggregate for the Department of Defense and in aggregate for 
        each military department.
            ``(E) For each of the cost estimates required by 
        subparagraphs (C) and (D)--
                    ``(i) a description of whether the cost estimate is 
                derived from the cost estimate position of the military 
                department or derived from the cost estimate position 
                of the Office of Cost Analysis and Program Evaluation;
                    ``(ii) if the cost estimate position of the 
                military department and the cost estimate position of 
                the Office of Cost Analysis and Program Evaluation 
                differ by more than 5 percent for any aircraft program, 
                an annotated cost estimate difference and sufficient 
                rationale to explain the difference;
                    ``(iii) the confidence or certainty level 
                associated with the cost estimate for each aircraft 
                program; and
                    ``(iv) a certification that cost between different 
                services and aircraft are based on similar components 
                in the life-cycle cost of each program.
            ``(F) An assessment by the Secretary of Defense of the 
        extent to which the combined aircraft forces of the Department 
        of the Navy, the Department of the Army, and the Department of 
        the Air Force meet the national security requirements of the 
        United States.
    ``(3) For any cost estimate required by paragraph (2)(C) or (D), 
for any aircraft program for which the Secretary is required to include 
in a report under section 2432 of this title, the source of the cost 
information used to prepare the annual aircraft plan, shall be sourced 
from the Selected Acquisition Report data that the Secretary plans to 
submit to the congressional defense committees in accordance with 
subsection (f) of that section for the year for which the annual 
aircraft plan is prepared.
    ``(4) The annual aircraft procurement plan shall be submitted in 
unclassified form and shall contain a classified annex. A summary 
version of the unclassified report shall be made available to the 
public.
    ``(d) Assessment When Aircraft Procurement Budget Is Insufficient 
to Meet Applicable Requirements.--If the budget for a fiscal year 
provides for funding of the procurement of aircraft for the Department 
of the Navy, the Department of the Army, or the Department of the Air 
Force at a level that is not sufficient to sustain the aviation force 
structure specified in the aircraft procurement plan for such 
Department for that fiscal year under subsection (a), the Secretary 
shall include with the defense budget materials for that fiscal year an 
assessment that describes and discusses the risks associated with the 
reduced force structure of aircraft that will result from funding 
aircraft procurement at such level. The assessment shall be coordinated 
in advance with the commanders of the combatant commands.
    ``(e) Annual Report on Aircraft Inventory.--(1) As part of the 
annual plan and certification required to be submitted under this 
section, the Secretary shall include a report on the aircraft in the 
inventory of the Department of Defense. Each such report shall include 
the following, for the year covered by the report:
            ``(A) The total number of aircraft in the inventory.
            ``(B) The total number of the aircraft in the inventory 
        that are active, stated in the following categories (with 
        appropriate subcategories for mission aircraft, training 
        aircraft, dedicated test aircraft, and other aircraft):
                    ``(i) Primary aircraft.
                    ``(ii) Backup aircraft.
                    ``(iii) Attrition and reconstitution reserve 
                aircraft.
            ``(C) The total number of the aircraft in the inventory 
        that are inactive, stated in the following categories:
                    ``(i) Bailment aircraft.
                    ``(ii) Drone aircraft.
                    ``(iii) Aircraft for sale or other transfer to 
                foreign governments.
                    ``(iv) Leased or loaned aircraft.
                    ``(v) Aircraft for maintenance training.
                    ``(vi) Aircraft for reclamation.
                    ``(vii) Aircraft in storage.
            ``(D) The aircraft inventory requirements approved by the 
        Joint Chiefs of Staff.
    ``(2) Each report submitted under this subsection shall set forth 
each item described in paragraph (1) separately for the regular 
component of each armed force and for each reserve component of each 
armed force and, for each such component, shall set forth each type, 
model, and series of aircraft provided for in the future-years defense 
program that covers the fiscal year for which the budget accompanying 
the plan, certification and report is submitted.
    ``(f) Definition of Budget.--In this section, the term `budget', 
with respect to a fiscal year, means the budget for that fiscal year 
that is submitted to Congress by the President under section 1105(a) of 
title 31.''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning of 
chapter 9 of such title is amended by inserting after the item relating 
to section 231 the following new item:

``231a. Budgeting for life-cycle cost of aircraft for the Navy, Army, 
                            and Air Force: Annual plan and 
                            certification.''.

SEC. 172. AUTHORITY TO USE F-35 AIRCRAFT WITHHELD FROM DELIVERY TO 
              GOVERNMENT OF TURKEY.

    The Secretary of the Air Force is authorized to utilize, modify, 
and operate the 6 F-35 aircraft that were accepted by the Government of 
Turkey but never delivered because Turkey was suspended from the F-35 
program.

SEC. 173. TRANSFER FROM COMMANDER OF UNITED STATES STRATEGIC COMMAND TO 
              CHAIRMAN OF THE JOINT CHIEFS OF STAFF OF RESPONSIBILITIES 
              AND FUNCTIONS RELATING TO ELECTROMAGNETIC SPECTRUM 
              OPERATIONS.

    (a) Transfer.--Not later than one year after the date of the 
enactment of this Act and subject to subsection (c), the Secretary of 
Defense shall transition to the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff 
as a Chairman's Controlled Activity all of the responsibilities and 
functions of the Commander of United States Strategic Command that are 
germane to electromagnetic spectrum operations, including--
            (1) advocacy for joint electronic warfare capabilities,
            (2) providing contingency electronic warfare support to 
        other combatant commands, and
            (3) supporting combatant command joint training and 
        planning related to electromagnetic spectrum operations.
    (b) Responsibility of Vice Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff as 
the Electronic Warfare Senior Designated Official.--The Vice Chairman 
of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, as the Electronic Warfare Senior 
Designated Official, shall be responsible for the following:
            (1) Executing the functions transitioned to the Chairman of 
        the Joint Chiefs of Staff under subsection (a).
            (2) Overseeing, with the Chief Information Officer of the 
        Department of Defense, the development and implementation of 
        the Electromagnetic Spectrum Superiority Strategy of the 
        Department of Defense and subsequent Department-wide 
        electromagnetic spectrum and electronic warfare strategies.
            (3) Managing the Joint Electronic Warfare Center and the 
        Joint Electromagnetic Preparedness for Advanced Combat 
        organizations.
            (4) Overseeing, through the Joint Requirements Oversight 
        Council and the Electromagnetic Spectrum Operations cross-
        functional team, the acquisition activities of the military 
        services as they relate to electromagnetic spectrum operations.
            (5) Overseeing and, as appropriate, setting standards for 
        the individual and unit training programs of the military 
        services and the joint training and mission rehearsal programs 
        of the combatant commands as they relate to electromagnetic 
        spectrum operations.
            (6) Overseeing the development of tactics, techniques, and 
        procedures germane to electromagnetic spectrum operations.
            (7) Overseeing the integration of electromagnetic spectrum 
        operations into operation plans and contingency plans.
            (8) Developing and integrating into the joint warfighting 
        concept operational concepts for electromagnetic spectrum 
        operations, including the following:
                    (A) The roles and responsibilities of each of the 
                military services and their primary contributions to 
                the joint force.
                    (B) The primary targets for offensive 
                electromagnetic spectrum operations and their alignment 
                to the military services and relevant capabilities.
                    (C) The armed forces' positioning, scheme of 
                maneuver, kill chains, and tactics, techniques, and 
                procedures, as appropriate, to conduct offensive 
                electromagnetic spectrum operations.
                    (D) The armed forces' positioning, scheme of 
                maneuver, kill chains, and tactics, techniques, and 
                procedures, as appropriate, to detect, disrupt, avoid, 
                or render ineffective adversary electromagnetic 
                spectrum operations.
    (c) Period of Effect of Transfer.--
            (1) In general.--The transfer required by subsection (a) 
        and the responsibilities specified in subsection (b) shall 
        remain in effect until such date as the Chairman of the Joint 
        Chiefs of Staff considers appropriate, except that such date 
        shall not be earlier than the date that is 180 days after the 
        date on which the Chairman submits to the congressional defense 
        committees notice that--
                    (A) the Chairman has made a determination that--
                            (i) the military services', geographic 
                        combatant commands', and functional combatant 
                        commands' electromagnetic spectrum operations 
                        expertise, capabilities, and execution are 
                        sufficiently robust; and
                            (ii) an alternative arrangement described 
                        in paragraph (2) is justified; and
                    (B) the Chairman intends to transfer 
                responsibilities and activities in order to carry out 
                such alternative arrangement.
            (2) Alternative arrangement described.--An alternative 
        arrangement described in this paragraph is an arrangement in 
        which certain oversight, advocacy, and coordination functions 
        allotted to the Chairman or Vice Chairman of the Joint Chiefs 
        of Staff by subsections (a) and (b) are performed either by a 
        single combatant command or by the individual geographic and 
        functional combatant commands responsible for executing 
        electromagnetic spectrum operations with long-term supervision 
        by the Chairman or Vice Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff.
    (d) Evaluations of Armed Forces.--
            (1) In general.--The Chief of Staff of the Army, the Chief 
        of Naval Operations, the Chief of Staff of the Air Force, the 
        Commandant of the Marine Corps, and the Chief of Space 
        Operations shall each conduct and complete an evaluation of the 
        armed forces for their respective military services and their 
        ability to perform the electromagnetic spectrum operations 
        missions required of them in--
                    (A) the Electromagnetic Spectrum Superiority 
                Strategy;
                    (B) the Joint Staff-developed concept of 
                operations; and
                    (C) the operation and contingency plans of the 
                combatant commanders.
            (2) Elements.--Each evaluation under paragraph (1) shall 
        include assessment of the following:
                    (A) Current programs of record, including--
                            (i) the ability of weapon systems to 
                        perform missions in contested electromagnetic 
                        spectrum environments; and
                            (ii) the ability of electronic warfare 
                        capabilities to disrupt adversary operations.
                    (B) Future programs of record, including--
                            (i) the need for distributed or network-
                        centric electronic warfare and signals 
                        intelligence capabilities; and
                            (ii) the need for automated and machine 
                        learning- or artificial intelligence-assisted 
                        electronic warfare capabilities.
                    (C) Order of battle.
                    (D) Individual and unit training.
                    (E) Tactics, techniques, and procedures, 
                including--
                            (i) maneuver, distribution of assets, and 
                        the use of decoys; and
                            (ii) integration of nonkinetic and kinetic 
                        fires.
    (e) Evaluation of Combatant Commands.--
            (1) In general.--The Commander of the United States 
        European Command, the Commander of the United States Pacific 
        Command, and the Commander of the United States Central Command 
        shall each conduct and complete an evaluation of the plans and 
        posture of their respective commands to execute the 
        electromagnetic spectrum operations envisioned in--
                    (A) the Electromagnetic Spectrum Superiority 
                Strategy; and
                    (B) the Joint Staff-developed concept of 
                operations.
            (2) Elements.--Each evaluation under paragraph (1) shall 
        include assessment of the following:
                    (A) Operation and contingency plans.
                    (B) The manning, organizational alignment, and 
                capability of joint electromagnetic spectrum operations 
                cells.
                    (C) Mission rehearsal and exercises.
                    (D) Force positioning, posture, and readiness.
    (f) Semiannual Briefing.--Not less frequently than twice each year 
until January 1, 2026, the Vice Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff 
shall brief the Committee on Armed Services of the Senate and the 
Committee on Armed Services of the House of Representatives on the 
implementation of this section by each of the Joint Staff, the military 
services, and the combatant commands.

SEC. 174. CRYPTOGRAPHIC MODERNIZATION SCHEDULES.

    (a) Cryptographic Modernization Schedules Required.--Each of the 
Secretaries of the military departments and the heads of relevant 
defense agencies and field activities shall establish and maintain a 
cryptographic modernization schedule that specifies, for each pertinent 
weapon system, command and control system, or data link, including 
those that use commercial encryption technologies, as relevant, the 
following:
            (1) The expiration date or cease key date for applicable 
        cryptographic algorithms.
            (2) Anticipated key extension requests for systems where 
        cryptographic modernization is assessed to be overly burdensome 
        and expensive or to provide limited operational utility.
            (3) The funding and deployment schedule for modernized 
        cryptographic algorithms, keys, and equipment over the Future 
        Years Defense Program.
    (b) Requirements for Chief Information Officer.--The Chief 
Information Officer of the Department of Defense shall--
            (1) oversee the construction and implementation of the 
        cryptographic modernization schedules required by subsection 
        (a);
            (2) establish and maintain an integrated cryptographic 
        modernization schedule for the entire Department, collating the 
        cryptographic modernization schedules required under subsection 
        (a); and
            (3) in coordination with the Director of the National 
        Security Agency and the Joint Staff Director for Command, 
        Control, Communications, and Computers/Cyber, use the budget 
        certification, standard-setting, and policy-making authorities 
        provided in section 142 of title 10, United States Code, to 
        amend military service and defense agency and field activity 
        plans for key extension requests and cryptographic 
        modernization funding and deployment that pose unacceptable 
        risk to military operations.
    (c) Annual Notices.--Not later than January 1, 2022, and not less 
frequently than once each year thereafter until January 1, 2026, the 
Chief Information Officer of the Department and the Joint Staff 
Director for Command, Control, Communications, and Computers/Cyber 
shall jointly submit to the congressional defense committees 
notification of all--
            (1) delays to or planned delays of military service and 
        defense agency and field activity funding and deployment of 
        modernized cryptographic algorithms, keys, and equipment over 
        the previous year; and
            (2) changes in plans or schedules surrounding key extension 
        requests and waivers, including--
                    (A) unscheduled or unanticipated key extension 
                requests; and
                    (B) unscheduled or unanticipated waivers and 
                nonwaivers of scheduled or anticipated key extension 
                requests.

SEC. 175. PROHIBITION ON PURCHASE OF ARMED OVERWATCH AIRCRAFT.

    The Secretary of the Air Force may not purchase any aircraft for 
the Air Force Special Operations Command for the purpose of ``armed 
overwatch'' until such time as the Chief of Staff of the Air Force 
certifies to the congressional defense committees that general purpose 
forces of the Air Force do not have the skill or capacity to provide 
close air support and armed overwatch to United States forces deployed 
operationally.

SEC. 176. SPECIAL OPERATIONS ARMED OVERWATCH.

    (a) Prohibition.--None of the funds authorized to be appropriated 
by this Act for the Department of Defense may be used to acquire armed 
overwatch aircraft for the United States Special Operations Command, 
and the Department of Defense may not acquire armed overwatch aircraft 
for the United States Special Operations Command in fiscal year 2021.
    (b) Analysis Required.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than July 1, 2021, the Secretary 
        of Defense, in coordination with the Assistant Secretary of 
        Defense for Special Operations and Low Intensity Conflict and 
        the Commander of the United States Special Operations Command, 
        shall conduct an analysis to define the special operations-
        peculiar requirements for armed overwatch aircraft and to 
        determine whether acquisition of a new special operations-
        peculiar platform is the most cost effective means of 
        fulfilling such requirements.
            (2) Elements.--At a minimum, the analysis of alternatives 
        required under paragraph (1) shall include--
                    (A) a description of the concept of operations for 
                employing armed overwatch aircraft in support of ground 
                forces;
                    (B) an identification of geographic regions in 
                which armed overwatch aircraft could be deployed;
                    (C) an identification of the most likely 
                antiaircraft threats in geographic areas where armed 
                overwatch aircraft will be deployed and possible 
                countermeasures to defeat such threats;
                    (D) a defined requirement for special operations-
                peculiar armed overwatch aircraft, including an 
                identification of threshold and objective performance 
                parameters for armed overwatch aircraft;
                    (E) an analysis of alternatives comparing various 
                manned and unmanned aircraft in the current aircraft 
                inventory of the United States Special Operations 
                Command and a new platform for meeting requirements for 
                the armed overwatch mission, including for each 
                alternative considered;
                    (F) an identification of any necessary aircraft 
                modifications and the associated cost;
                    (G) the annual cost of operating and sustaining 
                such aircraft;
                    (H) an identification of any required military 
                construction costs;
                    (I) an explanation of how the acquisition of a new 
                armed overwatch aircraft would impact the overall fleet 
                of special operations-peculiar aircraft and the 
                availability of aircrews and maintainers;
                    (J) an explanation of why existing Air Force and 
                United States Special Operations Command close air 
                support and airborne intelligence capabilities are 
                insufficient for the armed overwatch mission; and
                    (K) any other matters determined relevant by the 
                Secretary of Defense.

SEC. 177. AUTONOMIC LOGISTICS INFORMATION SYSTEM REDESIGN STRATEGY.

    Not later than October 1, 2020, the Under Secretary of Defense for 
Acquisition and Sustainment, in consultation with the F-35 Program 
Executive Officer, shall--
            (1) submit to the congressional defense committees a report 
        describing a program-wide process for measuring, collecting, 
        and tracking information on how the Autonomic Logistics 
        Information System (ALIS) is affecting the performance of the 
        F-35 fleet, including its effects on mission capability rates; 
        and
            (2) implement a strategy for the redesign of ALIS, 
        including the identification and assessment of goals, key risks 
        or uncertainties, and costs of redesigning the system.

SEC. 178. CONTRACT AVIATION SERVICES IN A COUNTRY OR IN AIRSPACE IN 
              WHICH A SPECIAL FEDERAL AVIATION REGULATION APPLIES.

    (a) In General.--When the Department of Defense contracts for 
aviation services to be performed in a foreign country, or in airspace, 
in which a Special Federal Aviation Regulation issued by the Federal 
Aviation Administration would preclude operation of such aviation 
services by an air carrier or commercial operator of the United States, 
the Secretary of Defense (or a designee of the Secretary) shall--
            (1) obtain approval from the Administrator of the Federal 
        Aviation Administration (or a designee of the Administrator) 
        for the air carrier or commercial operator of the United States 
        to deviate from the Special Federal Aviation Regulation to the 
        extent necessary to perform such aviation services;
            (2) designate the aircraft of the air carrier or commercial 
        operator of the United States to be State Aircraft of the 
        United States when performing such aviation services; or
            (3) use organic aircraft to perform such aviation services 
        in lieu of aircraft of an air carrier or commercial operator of 
        the United States.
    (b) Construction of Designation.--The designation of aircraft of an 
air carrier or commercial operator of the United States as State 
Aircraft of the United States under subsection (a)(2) shall have no 
effect on Federal Aviation Administration requirements for--
            (1) safety oversight responsibility for the operation of 
        aircraft so designated, except for those activities prohibited 
        or restricted by an applicable Special Federal Aviation 
        Regulation; and
            (2) any previously issued nonpremium aviation insurance or 
        reinsurance policy issued to the air carrier or commercial 
        operator of the United States for the duration of aviation 
        services performed as a State Aircraft of the United States 
        under that subsection.

SEC. 179. F-35 AIRCRAFT MUNITIONS.

    The Secretary of the Air Force and the Secretary of the Navy shall 
qualify and certify, for the use of United States forces, additional 
munitions on the F-35 aircraft that are already qualified on NATO 
member F-35 partner aircraft.

SEC. 180. AIRBORNE INTELLIGENCE, SURVEILLANCE, AND RECONNAISSANCE 
              ACQUISITION ROADMAP FOR UNITED STATES SPECIAL OPERATIONS 
              COMMAND.

    (a) In General.--Not later than December 1, 2021, the Assistant 
Secretary of Defense for Special Operations and Low-Intensity Conflict 
and the Commander of the United States Special Operations Command shall 
jointly submit to the congressional defense committees an acquisition 
roadmap to meet the manned and unmanned airborne intelligence, 
surveillance, and reconnaissance requirements of United States Special 
Operations Forces.
    (b) Elements.--The roadmap required under subsection (a) shall 
include, at a minimum, the following:
            (1) A description of the current platform requirements for 
        manned and unmanned airborne intelligence, surveillance, and 
        reconnaissance capabilities to support United States Special 
        Operations Forces.
            (2) An analysis of the remaining service life of existing 
        manned and unmanned airborne intelligence, surveillance, and 
        reconnaissance capabilities currently operated by United States 
        Special Operations Forces.
            (3) An identification of any current or anticipated special 
        operations-peculiar capability gaps.
            (4) A description of the future manned and unmanned 
        intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance platform 
        requirements of the United States Special Operations Forces, 
        including range, payload, endurance, ability to operate in 
        contested environments, and other requirements as appropriate.
            (5) An explanation of the anticipated mix of manned and 
        unmanned aircraft, number of platforms, and associated aircrew 
        and maintainers.
            (6) An explanation of the extent to which service-provided 
        manned and unmanned airborne intelligence, surveillance, and 
        reconnaissance capabilities will be required in support of 
        United States Special Operations Forces and how such 
        capabilities will supplement and integrate with the organic 
        capabilities possessed by United States Special Operations 
        Forces.
            (7) Any other matters deemed relevant by the Assistant 
        Secretary and Commander.

SEC. 181. REQUIREMENT TO ACCELERATE THE FIELDING AND DEVELOPMENT OF 
              COUNTER UNMANNED AERIAL SYSTEMS ACROSS THE JOINT FORCE.

    (a) Priority Objectives for Executive Agent for C-UAS.--The 
Executive Agent of the Joint Counter Small Unmanned Aerial Systems (C-
sUAS) Office, as designated by the Under Secretary of Defense, 
Acquisition and Sustainment, shall prioritize the following objectives:
            (1) Select counter unmanned aerial systems that can be 
        fielded as early as fiscal year 2021 to meet immediate 
        operational needs in countering Group 1, 2, and 3 unmanned 
        aerial systems with the potential to expand to other larger 
        systems.
            (2) Devise and execute a near-term plan to develop and 
        field a select set of counter unmanned aerial systems to meet 
        joint force requirements, beginning in fiscal year 2021.
    (b) Fielding C-UAS Systems in Fiscal Year 2021.--Pursuant to 
subsection (a)(1), the Executive Agent shall prioritize the selection 
of counter unmanned aerial systems that can be fielded in fiscal year 
2021 with specific emphasis on systems that--
            (1) have undergone effective combat validations;
            (2) meet the operational demands of deployed forces facing 
        the most significant threats, especially unmanned aerial 
        systems that are not remotely piloted or are not reliant on a 
        command link; and
            (3) utilize autonomous systems and processes that increase 
        operational effectiveness, reduce the manning demands on 
        operational forces, and limit the need for government-funded 
        contractor logistics support.
    (c) Near-term Development Plan.--The plan for the near-term 
development of counter unmanned aerial systems prioritized under 
subsection (a)(2) shall ensure, at a minimum, that the development of 
such systems--
            (1) builds, as much as practicable, upon systems that were 
        selected for fielding in fiscal year 2021 and the criteria 
        prioritized for their selection, as specified in subsection 
        (b);
            (2) reduces or accelerates the timeline for initial 
        operational capability and full operational capability;
            (3) utilizes a software-defined, family-of-systems approach 
        that enables the flexible and continuous integration of 
        different types of sensors and mitigation solutions based on 
        the different demands of particular military installations and 
        deployed forces, physical geographies, and threat profiles; and
            (4) gives preference to commercial items, as required in 
        section 3307 of title 41, United States Code, when making 
        selections of counter unmanned aerial systems or component 
        parts, including a common command and control system.
    (d) Briefing.--Not later than 60 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Executive Agent shall brief the 
congressional defense committees on the selection process for counter 
unmanned aerial systems capabilities prioritized under paragraph (1) of 
subsection (a) and the plan prioritized under paragraph (2) of such 
subsection.
    (e) Oversight.--The Executive Agent shall--
            (1) oversee the program management and execution of all 
        counter unmanned aerial systems being developed within the 
        military departments on the day before the date of the 
        enactment of this Act; and
            (2) ensure that the plan prioritized under subsection 
        (a)(2) guides future programmatic and funding decisions for 
        activities relating to counter unmanned aerial systems, 
        including cancellation of such activities.

SEC. 182. JOINT ALL DOMAIN COMMAND AND CONTROL REQUIREMENTS.

    (a) Production of Requirements by Joint Requirements Oversight 
Council.--Not later than October 1, 2020, the Joint Requirements and 
Oversight Council (JROC) shall produce requirements for the Joint All 
Domain Command and Control (JADC2) program.
    (b) Air Force Certification.--Immediately after the certification 
of requirements produced under subsection (a), the Chief of Staff of 
the Air Force shall submit to the congressional defense committees a 
certification that the current JADC2 effort, including programmatic and 
architecture efforts, being led by the Air Force will meet the 
requirements laid out by the JROC.
    (c) Certification by Other Services.-- Not later than January 1, 
2021, the chief of each other military service shall submit to the 
congressional defense committees a certification whether that service's 
efforts on multi-domain command and control are compatible with the Air 
Force-led JADC2 architecture.
    (d) Budgeting.--The Secretary of Defense shall incorporate the 
expected costs for full development and implementation of the JADC2 
program across the Department in the President's budget submission to 
Congress for fiscal year 2022 under section 1105 of title 31, United 
States Code.

         TITLE II--RESEARCH, DEVELOPMENT, TEST, AND EVALUATION

              Subtitle A--Authorization of Appropriations

SEC. 201. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

    Funds are hereby authorized to be appropriated for fiscal year 2021 
for the use of the Department of Defense for research, development, 
test, and evaluation, as specified in the funding table in section 
4201.

    Subtitle B--Program Requirements, Restrictions, and Limitations

SEC. 211. DESIGNATION AND ACTIVITIES OF SENIOR OFFICIALS FOR CRITICAL 
              TECHNOLOGY AREAS SUPPORTIVE OF THE NATIONAL DEFENSE 
              STRATEGY.

    (a) Designation of Senior Officials.--The Under Secretary for 
Research and Engineering shall designate a set of senior officials to 
coordinate research and engineering in such technology areas as the 
Under Secretary considers critical for the support of the National 
Defense Strategy.
    (b) Duties.--The duties of the senior officials designated under 
subsection (a) shall include, within their respective technology 
areas--
            (1) developing and continuously updating research and 
        technology development roadmaps, associated funding strategies, 
        and associated technology transition strategies to ensure 
        effective and efficient development of new capabilities and 
        operational use of appropriate technologies;
            (2) annual assessments of workforce, infrastructure, and 
        industrial base capabilities and capacity to support the 
        roadmaps developed under paragraph (1) and the goals of the 
        National Defense Strategy;
            (3) reviewing the relevant research and engineering budgets 
        of appropriate organizations within the Department of Defense, 
        including the military services, and advising the Under 
        Secretary on--
                    (A) the consistency of the budgets with the 
                roadmaps developed under paragraph (1);
                    (B) any technical and programmatic risks to 
                achieving the research and technology development goals 
                of the National Defense Strategy; and
                    (C) projects and activities with unwanted or 
                inefficient duplication, including with other 
                government agencies and the commercial sector, lack of 
                appropriate coordination with relevant organizations, 
                or inappropriate alignment with organizational missions 
                and capabilities;
            (4) coordinating research and engineering activities of the 
        Department with appropriate international, interagency, and 
        private sector organizations; and
            (5) tasking the appropriate intelligence agencies to 
        develop a direct comparison between the capabilities of the 
        United States and the capabilities of adversaries of the United 
        States.
    (c) Annual Reports.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than December 1, 2021, and not 
        later than December 1 of each year thereafter until December 1, 
        2025, the Under Secretary shall submit to the congressional 
        defense committees a report of successful examples of research 
        and engineering activities that have--
                    (A) achieved significant technical progress;
                    (B) transitioned to formal acquisition programs;
                    (C) transitioned into operational use; or
                    (D) transferred for further commercial development 
                or commercial sales.
            (2) Form.--Each report submitted under paragraph (1) shall 
        be submitted in a publicly releasable format, but may include a 
        classified annex.
    (d) Coordination of Research and Engineering Activities.--The 
Service Acquisition Executive for each military services and the 
Director of the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency shall each 
identify senior officials to ensure coordination of appropriate 
research and engineering activities with each of the senior officials 
designated under subsection (a).

SEC. 212. GOVERNANCE OF FIFTH-GENERATION WIRELESS NETWORKING IN THE 
              DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE.

    (a) In General.--In carrying out the responsibilities established 
in section 142 of title 10, United States Code, the Chief Information 
Officer (CIO) of the Department of Defense shall--
            (1) lead the cross-functional team established pursuant to 
        subsection (c); and
            (2) serve as the senior designated official for fifth-
        generation wireless networking (commonly known as ``5G'') 
        policy, oversight, guidance, research, and coordination in the 
        Department.
    (b) Responsibilities.--The Chief Information Officer shall have, 
with respect to authorities referenced in subsection (a), the following 
responsibilities:
            (1) Proposing governance, management, and organizational 
        policy for fifth-generation wireless networking to the 
        Secretary of Defense, in consultation with the heads of the 
        constituent organizations of the cross-functional team 
        established pursuant to subsection (c).
            (2) Leading the cross-functional team established pursuant 
        to subsection (c).
    (c) Cross-functional Team for Fifth-generation Wireless 
Networking.--
            (1) Establishment required.--The Secretary of Defense 
        shall, in accordance with section 911(c) of the National 
        Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-
        328; 10 U.S.C. 111 note), establish a cross-functional team for 
        fifth-generation wireless networking in order--
                    (A) to advance the adoption of commercially 
                available next generation wireless communication 
                technologies, capabilities, security, and applications 
                by the Department of Defense and the defense industrial 
                base; and
                    (B) to support public-private partnership between 
                the Department and industry regarding fifth-generation 
                wireless networking.
            (2) Purpose.--The purpose of the cross-functional team 
        established pursuant to paragraph (1) shall be the--
                    (A) oversight of the implementation of the strategy 
                developed as required by section 254 of the National 
                Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2020 (Public 
                Law 116-92) for harnessing fifth-generation wireless 
                networking technologies, coordinated across all 
                relevant elements of the Department;
                    (B) coordination of research and development, 
                implementation and acquisition activities, warfighting 
                concept development, spectrum policy, industrial policy 
                and commercial outreach and partnership relating to 
                fifth-generation wireless networking in the Department, 
                and interagency and international engagement;
                    (C) integration of the Department's fifth-
                generation wireless networking programs and policies 
                with major Department initiatives, programs, and 
                policies surrounding secure microelectronics and 
                command and control; and
                    (D) oversight, coordination, execution, and 
                leadership of initiatives to advance fifth-generation 
                wireless network technologies and associated 
                applications developed for the Department.
    (d) Roles and Responsibilities.--The Secretary of Defense, through 
the cross-functional team established under subsection (c), shall 
define the roles of the organizations within the Office of the 
Secretary of Defense, Department of Defense intelligence components, 
military services, defense agencies and field activities, combatant 
commands, and the Joint Staff, for fifth-generation wireless networking 
policy and programs within the Department.
    (e) Briefing.--Not later than March 15, 2021, the Secretary shall 
submit to the congressional defense committees a briefing on the 
establishment of the cross-functional team pursuant to subsection (c) 
and the roles and responsibilities defined pursuant to subsection (d).
    (f) Rule of Construction.--
            (1) In general.--Nothing in this section shall be construed 
        as providing the Chief Information Officer immediate 
        responsibility for the Department's activities in fifth-
        generation wireless networking experimentation and science and 
        technology development.
            (2) Purview of experimentation and science and technology 
        development.--The activities described in paragraph (1) shall 
        remain within the purview of the Under Secretary of Defense for 
        Research and Engineering, but shall inform and be informed by 
        the activities of the cross-functional team established 
        pursuant to subsection (c).

SEC. 213. APPLICATION OF ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE TO THE DEFENSE REFORM 
              PILLAR OF THE NATIONAL DEFENSE STRATEGY.

    (a) Identification of Use Cases.--The Secretary of Defense, acting 
through such officers and employees of the Department of Defense as the 
Secretary considers appropriate, including the chief data officers and 
chief management officers of the military departments, shall identify a 
set of no fewer than five use cases of the application of existing 
artificial intelligence enabled systems to support improved management 
of enterprise acquisition, personnel, audit, or financial management 
functions, or other appropriate management functions, that are 
consistent with reform efforts that support the National Defense 
Strategy.
    (b) Prototyping Activities Aligned to Use Cases.--The Secretary, 
acting through the Under Secretary of Defense for Research and 
Engineering and in coordination with the Director of the Joint 
Artificial Intelligence Center and such other officers and employees as 
the Secretary considers appropriate, shall pilot technology development 
and prototyping activities that leverage commercially available 
technologies and systems to demonstrate new artificial intelligence 
enabled capabilities to support the use cases identified under 
subsection (a).
    (c) Briefing.--Not later than October 1, 2021, the Secretary shall 
provide to the congressional defense committees a briefing summarizing 
the activities carried out under this section.

SEC. 214. EXTENSION OF AUTHORITIES TO ENHANCE INNOVATION AT DEPARTMENT 
              OF DEFENSE LABORATORIES.

    (a) Extension of Pilot Program for the Enhancement of the Research, 
Development, Test, and Evaluation Centers of the Department of 
Defense.--Section 233(e) of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328; 10 U.S.C. 2358 note) is amended 
by striking ``September 30, 2022'' and inserting ``September 30, 
2025''.
    (b) Extension of Pilot Program to Improve Incentives for Technology 
Transfer From Department of Defense Laboratories.--Subsection (e) of 
section 233 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 
2018 (Public Law 115-91; 10 U.S.C. 2514 note) is amended to read as 
follows:
    ``(e) Sunset.--The pilot program under this section shall terminate 
on September 30, 2025.''.

SEC. 215. UPDATES TO DEFENSE QUANTUM INFORMATION SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY 
              RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT PROGRAM.

    Section 234 of the John S. McCain National Defense Authorization 
Act for Fiscal year 2019 (Public Law 115-232; 10 U.S.C. 2358 note), as 
amended by section 220 of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
Fiscal Year 2020 (Public Law 116-92), is further amended--
            (1) by redesignating subsection (e) as subsection (f); and
            (2) by inserting after subsection (d) the following new 
        subsection (e):
    ``(e) Use of Quantum Computing Capabilities.--The Secretary of each 
military department shall--
            ``(1) develop and annually update a list of technical 
        problems and research challenges which are likely to be 
        addressable by quantum computers available for use within in 
        the next one to three years, with a priority for technical 
        problems and challenges where quantum computing systems have 
        performance advantages over traditional computing systems, in 
        order to enhance the capabilities of such quantum computers and 
        support the addressing of relevant technical problems and 
        research challenges; and
            ``(2) establish programs and enter into agreements with 
        appropriate medium and small businesses with functional quantum 
        computing capabilities to provide such private sector 
        capabilities to government, industry, and academic researchers 
        working on relevant technical problems and research 
        activities.''.

SEC. 216. PROGRAM OF PART-TIME AND TERM EMPLOYMENT AT DEPARTMENT OF 
              DEFENSE SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY REINVENTION LABORATORIES 
              OF FACULTY AND STUDENTS FROM INSTITUTIONS OF HIGHER 
              EDUCATION.

    (a) Program Required.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall establish a 
program to provide part-time or term employment in Department of 
Defense science and technology reinvention laboratories for--
            (1) faculty of institutions of higher education who have 
        expertise in science, technology, engineering, or mathematics 
        to conduct research projects in such laboratories; and
            (2) students at such institutions to assist such faculty in 
        conducting such research projects.
    (b) Number of Positions.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than one year after the date of 
        the commencement of the program established under subsection 
        (a), the Secretary shall, under such program, establish at 
        least 10 positions of employment described in such subsection 
        for faculty described in paragraph (1) of such subsection.
            (2) Artificial intelligence and machine learning.--Of the 
        positions established under paragraph (1), at least five of 
        such positions shall be for faculty conducting research in the 
        area of artificial intelligence and machine learning.
    (c) Selection.--The Secretary, acting through the directors of the 
laboratories described in subsection (a), shall select faculty 
described in paragraph (1) of such subsection for participation in the 
program established under such subsection on the basis of--
            (1) the academic credentials and research experience of the 
        faculty;
            (2) the potential contribution to Department objectives by 
        the research that will be conducted by the faculty under the 
        program; and
            (3) the qualifications of any students who will be 
        assisting the faculty in such research and the role and 
        credentials of such students.
    (d) Authorities.--In carrying out the program established under 
subsection (a), the Secretary and the directors of the laboratories 
described in such subsection may--
            (1) use any hiring authority available to the Secretary or 
        the directors, including any authority available under a 
        laboratory demonstration program, direct hiring authority under 
        section 1599h of title 10, United States Code, and expert 
        hiring authority under section 3109 of title 5, United States 
        Code;
            (2) utilize cooperative research and development agreements 
        under section 12 of the Stevenson-Wydler Technology Innovation 
        Act of 1980 (15 U.S.C. 3710a) to enable sharing of research and 
        expertise with institutions of higher education and the private 
        sector; and
            (3) provide referral bonuses to program participants who 
        identify students to assist in a research project under the 
        program or to participate in laboratory internship programs and 
        the Pathways Internship Program.
    (e) Annual Reports.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than one year after the date of 
        the enactment of this Act and not less frequently than once 
        each year thereafter until the date that is three years after 
        the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall 
        submit to Congress a report on the program established under 
        subsection (a).
            (2) Contents of first report.--The first report submitted 
        under paragraph (1) shall address, at a minimum, the following:
                    (A) The number of faculty and students employed 
                under the program.
                    (B) The laboratories employing such faculty and 
                students.
                    (C) The types of research conducted or to be 
                conducted by such faculty or students.
            (3) Contents of subsequent reports.--Each report submitted 
        under paragraph (1) after the first report shall address, at a 
        minimum, the following:
                    (A) The matters set forth in subparagraphs (A) 
                through (C) of paragraph (2).
                    (B) The number of interns and recent college 
                graduates hired pursuant to referrals under subsection 
                (d)(3).
                    (C) The results of research conducted under the 
                program.
    (f) Department of Defense Science and Technology Reinvention 
Laboratory Defined.--In this section, the term ``Department of Defense 
science and technology reinvention laboratory'' means the entities 
designated by section 1105(a) of the National Defense Authorization Act 
for Fiscal Year 2010 (Public Law 111-84; 10 U.S.C. 2358 note).

SEC. 217. IMPROVEMENTS TO TECHNOLOGY AND NATIONAL SECURITY FELLOWSHIP 
              OF DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE.

    (a) Modification Regarding Basic Pay.--Subsection (a)(4)(A) of 
section 235 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 
2020 (Public Law 116-92) is amended--
            (1) by striking ``equivalent to'' and inserting ``not less 
        than''; and
            (2) by inserting ``and not more than the rate of basic pay 
        payable for a position at level 15 of such schedule'' before 
        the semicolon.
    (b) Background Checks.--Subsection (b) of such section is amended 
by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
            ``(3) Background check requirement.--No individual may 
        participate in the fellows program without first undergoing a 
        background check that the Secretary considers appropriate for 
        participation in the fellows program.''.

SEC. 218. DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE RESEARCH, DEVELOPMENT, AND DEPLOYMENT 
              OF TECHNOLOGY TO SUPPORT WATER SUSTAINMENT.

    (a) In General.--The Secretary of Defense shall research, develop, 
and deploy advanced technologies that support water sustainment with 
technologies that capture ambient humidity and harvest, recycle, and 
reuse water.
    (b) Goal.--Under subsection (a), the Secretary shall seek to 
develop water systems that reduce weight and logistics support and 
transition such advanced technologies for use by expeditionary forces 
by January 1, 2025.
    (c) Modular Platforms.--In carrying out subsection (a), the 
Secretary shall develop the following:
            (1) Modular platforms that are easily transportable.
            (2) Trailer mounted systems that will reduce resupply.
            (3) Storage requirements at forward operating bases.
    (d) Partnerships and Existing Techniques and Technologies.--In 
carrying out subsection (a), the Secretary shall seek--
            (1) to enter into partnerships with foreign militaries and 
        organizations that have proven they have the ability to operate 
        in water constrained areas;
            (2) to leverage existing techniques and technologies; and
            (3) to apply such techniques and technologies to military 
        operations carried out by the United States.
    (e) Commercial Off-the-shelf Technologies.--In carrying out 
subsection (a), in addition to technology described in such subsection, 
the Secretary shall consider using commercial off-the-shelf 
technologies for cost savings and near ready deployment technologies to 
enable warfighters to be more self-sufficient.
    (f) Cross Functional Teams.--In carrying out subsection (a), the 
Secretary shall establish cross functional teams to determine regions 
where deployment of water harvesting technologies could reduce conflict 
and potentially eliminate the need for the presence of the Armed 
Forces.

SEC. 219. DEVELOPMENT AND TESTING OF HYPERSONIC CAPABILITIES.

    (a) Sense of Congress on Hypersonic Capabilities.--It is the sense 
of Congress that development of hypersonic capabilities is a key 
element of the National Defense Strategy.
    (b) Improving Ground-based Test Facilities.--The Secretary of 
Defense shall take such actions as may be necessary to improve ground-
based test facilities for the development of hypersonic capabilities, 
such as improving wind tunnels.
    (c) Increasing Flight Test Rate.--The Secretary shall increase the 
flight test rate to expedite the maturation and fielding of hypersonic 
technologies.
    (d) Strategy and Plan.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than December 30, 2020, the 
        Under Secretary of Defense for Research and Engineering, in 
        consultation with the Chief of Staff of the Air Force, shall 
        submit to the congressional defense committees an executable 
        strategy and plan to field air-launched and air-breathing 
        hypersonic weapons capability before the date that is three 
        years after the date of the enactment of this Act.
            (2) Testing and infrastructure.--The strategy and plan 
        submitted under paragraph (1) shall cover required investments 
        in testing and infrastructure to address the need for both 
        flight and ground testing.

SEC. 220. DISCLOSURE REQUIREMENTS FOR RECIPIENTS OF DEPARTMENT OF 
              DEFENSE RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT GRANTS.

    (a) Disclosure Requirements.--
            (1) In general.--Chapter 139 of title 10, United States 
        Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new 
        section:
``Sec. 2374b. Disclosure requirements for recipients of research and 
              development grants
    ``An individual or entity (including a State or local government) 
that receives Department of Defense grant funds for research and 
development shall clearly state in any statement, press release, or 
other document describing the program, project, or activity funded 
through such grant funds, other than a communication containing not 
more than 280 characters, the dollar amount of Department grant funds 
made available for the program, project, or activity.''.
            (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at the 
        beginning of chapter 139 of such title is amended by adding at 
        the end the following new item:

``2374b. Disclosure requirements for recipients of research and 
                            development grants.''.
    (b) Effective Date.--The amendments made by subsection (a) shall 
take effect on October 1, 2021, and shall apply with respect to grants 
for research and development that are awarded by the Department of 
Defense on or after that date.

             Subtitle C--Plans, Reports, and Other Matters

SEC. 231. ASSESSMENT ON UNITED STATES NATIONAL SECURITY EMERGING 
              BIOTECHNOLOGY EFFORTS AND CAPABILITIES AND COMPARISON 
              WITH ADVERSARIES.

    (a) Assessment and Comparison Required.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense, acting through 
        the Under Secretary of Defense for Research and Engineering and 
        the Under Secretary of Defense for Intelligence, shall conduct 
        an assessment and direct comparison of capabilities in emerging 
        biotechnologies for national security purposes, including 
        applications in material, manufacturing, and health, between 
        the capabilities of the United States and the capabilities of 
        adversaries of the United States.
            (2) Elements.--The assessment and comparison carried out 
        under paragraph (1) shall include the following:
                    (A) An evaluation of the quantity, quality, and 
                progress of United States fundamental and applied 
                research for emerging biotechnology initiatives for 
                national security purposes.
                    (B) An assessment of the resourcing of United 
                States efforts to harness emerging biotechnology 
                capabilities for national security purposes, including 
                the supporting facilities, test infrastructure, and 
                workforce.
                    (C) An intelligence assessment of adversary 
                emerging biotechnology capabilities and research as 
                well as an assessment of adversary intent and 
                willingness to use emerging biotechnologies for 
                national security purposes.
                    (D) An assessment of the analytic and operational 
                subject matter expertise necessary to assess rapidly-
                evolving foreign military developments in 
                biotechnology, and the current state of the workforce 
                in the intelligence community
                    (E) Recommendations to improve and accelerate 
                United States capabilities in emerging biotechnologies 
                and the associated intelligence community expertise.
                    (F) Such other matters as the Secretary considers 
                appropriate.
    (b) Report.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than February 1, 2021, the 
        Secretary shall submit to the congressional defense committees 
        a report on the assessment carried out under subsection (a).
            (2) Form.--The report submitted under paragraph (1) shall 
        be submitted in the following formats--
                    (A) unclassified form, which may include a 
                classified annex; and
                    (B) publically releasable form, representing 
                appropriate information from the report under 
                subparagraph (A).
    (c) Definition of Intelligence Community.--In this subsection, the 
term ``intelligence community'' has the meaning given such term in 
section 3 of the National Security Act of 1947 (50 U.S.C. 3003).

SEC. 232. INDEPENDENT COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF EFFORTS BY CHINA AND THE 
              UNITED STATES TO RECRUIT AND RETAIN RESEARCHERS IN 
              NATIONAL SECURITY-RELATED FIELDS.

    (a) Agreement.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense shall seek to 
        enter into an agreement with the National Academies of 
        Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine for the National Academies 
        of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine to perform the services 
        covered by this section.
            (2) Timing.--The Secretary shall seek to enter into the 
        agreement described in paragraph (1) not later than 60 days 
        after the date of the enactment of this Act.
    (b) Review.--
            (1) In general.--Under an agreement between the Secretary 
        and the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and 
        Medicine under this section, the National Academies of 
        Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine shall carry out a 
        comparative analysis of efforts by China and the United States 
        Government to recruit and retain domestic and foreign 
        researchers and develop recommendations for the Department of 
        Defense.
            (2) Elements.--The comparative analysis carried out under 
        paragraph (1) and the recommendations developed under such 
        paragraph shall include the following:
                    (A) A list of the ``talent programs'' used by China 
                and a list of the incentive programs used by the United 
                States to recruit and retain relevant researchers.
                    (B) The types of researchers, scientists, other 
                technical experts, and fields targeted by each talent 
                program listed under subparagraph (A).
                    (C) The number of researchers in academia, the 
                Department of Defense Science and Technology 
                Reinvention Laboratories, and national security science 
                and engineering programs of the National Nuclear 
                Security Administration targeted by the talent programs 
                listed under subparagraph (A).
                    (D) The number of personnel currently participating 
                in the talent programs listed under subparagraph (A) 
                and the number of researchers currently participating 
                in the incentive programs listed under such 
                subparagraph.
                    (E) The incentives offered by each of the talent 
                programs listed under subparagraph (A) and a 
                description of the incentives offered through incentive 
                programs under such subparagraph to recruit and retain 
                researchers, scientists, and other technical experts.
                    (F) A characterization of the national security, 
                economic, and scientific benefits China gains through 
                the talent programs listed under subparagraph (A) and a 
                description of similar gains accrued to the United 
                States through incentive programs listed under such 
                subparagraph.
                    (G) A list of findings and recommendations relating 
                to policies that can be implemented by the United 
                States, especially the Department of Defense, to 
                improve the relative effectiveness of United States 
                activities to recruit and retain researchers, 
                scientists, and other technical experts relative to 
                China.
    (c) Report.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than one year after the date of 
        the execution of an agreement under subsection (a), the 
        National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine shall 
        submit to the congressional defense committees a report on the 
        findings National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and 
        Medicine with respect to the review carried out under this 
        section and the recommendations developed under this section.
            (2) Form.--The report submitted under paragraph (1) shall 
        be submitted in a publicly releasable and unclassified formats, 
        but may include a classified annex.

SEC. 233. DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE DEMONSTRATION OF VIRTUALIZED RADIO 
              ACCESS NETWORK AND MASSIVE MULTIPLE INPUT MULTIPLE OUTPUT 
              RADIO ARRAYS FOR FIFTH GENERATION WIRELESS NETWORKING.

    (a) Demonstration Required.--The Secretary of Defense shall carry 
out a demonstration to demonstrate the maturity, performance, and cost 
of covered technologies in order to provide additional options for 
providers of fifth-generation (5G) wireless networking services.
    (b) Covered Technologies.--For purposes of this section, a covered 
technology is--
            (1) a disaggregated or virtualized radio access network and 
        core where components can be provided by different vendors and 
        interoperate through open protocols and interfaces; and
            (2) one or more massive multiple input and multiple output 
        radio arrays provided by United States companies that have the 
        potential to compete favorably with radios produced by foreign 
        companies in terms of cost, performance, and efficiency.
    (c) Location.--The Secretary shall carry out the demonstration 
under subsection (a) at at least one site where the Secretary of 
Defense plans to deploy a fifth-generation wireless network.
    (d) Coordination.--The Secretary shall carry out the demonstration 
under subsection (a) in coordination with at least one major United 
States wireless network service provider.

SEC. 234. INDEPENDENT TECHNICAL REVIEW OF FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS 
              COMMISSION ORDER 20-48.

    (a) Agreement.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense shall seek to 
        enter into an agreement with the National Academies of 
        Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine for the National Academies 
        of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine to perform the services 
        covered by this section.
            (2) Timing.--The Secretary shall seek to enter into the 
        agreement described in paragraph (1) not later than 30 days 
        after the date of the enactment of this Act.
    (b) Independent Technical Review.--
            (1) In general.--Under an agreement between the Secretary 
        and the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and 
        Medicine under subsection (a), the National Academies of 
        Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine shall carry out an 
        independent technical review of the Order and Authorization 
        adopted by the Federal Communications Commission on April 19, 
        2020 (FCC 20-48), to the extent that such order and 
        authorization affects the devices, operations, or activities of 
        the Department of Defense.
            (2) Elements.--The independent technical review carried out 
        under paragraph (1) shall include the following:
                    (A) Comparison of the two different approaches on 
                which the Commission relied for the order and 
                authorized described in paragraph (1) to evaluate the 
                potential harmful interference concerns relating to 
                Global Positioning System devices, with a 
                recommendation on which method most effectively 
                mitigates risks of harmful interference with Global 
                Positioning System devices of the Department, or 
                relating to or with the potential to affect the 
                operations and activities of the Department.
                    (B) Assessment of the potential for harmful 
                interference to mobile satellite services, including 
                commercial services and Global Positioning System 
                services of the Department, or relating to or with the 
                potential to affect the operations and activities of 
                the Department.
                    (C) Review of the feasibility, practicality, and 
                effectiveness of the proposed mitigation measures 
                relating to, or with the potential to affect, the 
                devices, operations, or activities of the Department.
                    (D) Development of recommendations associated with 
                the findings of the National Academies of Sciences, 
                Engineering, and Medicine in carrying out the 
                independent technical review.
                    (E) Such other matters as the National Academies of 
                Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine determines 
                relevant.
    (c) Report.--
            (1) In general.--Under an agreement between the Secretary 
        and the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and 
        Medicine under subsection (a), the National Academies of 
        Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine shall, not later than nine 
        months after the date of the execution of such agreement, the 
        National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine shall 
        submit to the Committee on Armed Services of the Senate and the 
        Committee on Armed Services of the House of Representatives a 
        report on the findings of the National Academies of Sciences, 
        Engineering, and Medicine with respect to the independent 
        technical review carried out under subsection (b) and the 
        recommendations developed pursuant to such review.
            (2) Form.--The report submitted under paragraph (1) shall 
        be submitted in a publicly releasable and unclassified formats, 
        but may include a classified annex.

SEC. 235. REPORT ON MICRO NUCLEAR REACTOR PROGRAMS.

    (a) Report Required.--The Secretary of Defense shall submit to the 
appropriate congressional committees a report on the micro nuclear 
reactor programs of the Department of Defense.
    (b) Contents.--The report required by subsection (a) shall include 
the following:
            (1) Potential operational uses on United States and non-
        United States territory, including both mobile and fixed 
        systems.
            (2) Cost and schedule estimates for each new or ongoing 
        program to reach initial operational capability, including the 
        timeline for transition of any program currently funded using 
        defense-wide funds to one or more military services and the 
        identified transition partner in such military services.
            (3) In consultation with the Assistant Secretary of Defense 
        for Nuclear, Chemical, and Biological Defense programs, an 
        assessment of physical security requirements for use of such 
        reactors on domestic military installations and non-United 
        States nondomestic installations or locations, including fully 
        permissive, semi-permissive, and remote environments, including 
        a preliminary design basis threat analysis.
            (4) In coordination with the Secretary of State--
                    (A) an assessment of any agreements or changes to 
                agreements that would be required for use of such 
                reactors on non-United States territory;
                    (B) an assessment of applicability of foreign 
                regulations or International Atomic Energy Agency 
                safeguards for use on non-United States territory; and
                    (C) other policy implications of deployment of such 
                systems on non-United States territory.
            (5) In coordination with the Chairman of the Nuclear 
        Regulatory Commission, a summary of licensing requirements for 
        operation of such systems on United States territory.
            (6) A summary of requirements pursuant to the National 
        Environmental Policy Act of 1969 (42 U.S.C. 4321 et seq.) for 
        development and operation on United States territory.
            (7) In consultation with the General Counsel of the 
        Department of Defense, an assessment of any issues relating to 
        indemnification for operation on United States or non-United 
        States territory and any other relevant legal matters.
            (8) In coordination with the Secretary of State and the 
        Secretary of Energy, a determination of whether development, 
        production, and deployment of such systems would require 
        unobligated enriched uranium fuel.
            (9) If the determination in paragraph (8) is that 
        unobligated fuel would be required, in coordination with the 
        Administrator for Nuclear Security, an assessment of the 
        availability of such unobligated enriched uranium fuel, by 
        year, for the estimated life of the program, considered with 
        other United States Government demands for such fuel, including 
        tritium production, naval nuclear propulsion, and medical 
        isotope production.
            (10) Any other considerations the Secretary determines 
        relevant.
    (c) Consultation.--In addition to consultation and coordination 
required under subsection (b), the Secretary shall, in producing the 
report required by subsection (a), consult with the Secretary of the 
Army, the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, the Under Secretary of 
Defense for Policy, the Director of Naval Nuclear Propulsion, and such 
other officials as the Secretary considers necessary.
    (d) Form.--The report submitted under subsection (a) shall be 
submitted in unclassified form, but may include a classified annex.
    (e) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) The term ``appropriate congressional committees'' 
        means--
                    (A) the Committee on Armed Services, the Committee 
                on Appropriations, the Committee on Energy and Natural 
                Resources, the Committee on Environment and Public 
                Works, and the Committee on Foreign Relations of the 
                Senate; and
                    (B) the Committee on Armed Services, the Committee 
                on Appropriations, the Committee on Energy and 
                Commerce, the Committee on Natural Resources, and the 
                Committee on Foreign Affairs of the House of 
                Representatives.
            (2) The term ``micro nuclear reactor''means a nuclear 
        reactor with a production capacity of less than 20 megawatts.

SEC. 236. MODIFICATION TO TEST RESOURCE MANAGEMENT CENTER STRATEGIC 
              PLAN REPORTING CYCLE AND CONTENTS.

    (a) Quadrennial Strategic Plan.--Section 196 of title 10, United 
States Code, is amended--
            (1) in subsections (c)(1)(C) and (e)(2)(B), by inserting 
        ``quadrennial'' before ``strategic plan''; and
            (2) in subsection (d)--
                    (A) in the heading, by inserting ``Quadrennial'' 
                before ``Strategic Plan''; and
                    (B) by inserting ``quadrennial'' before ``strategic 
                plan'' each place it occurs.
    (b) Timing and Coverage of Plan.--Subsection (d)(1) of such 
section, as amended by subsection (a)(2), is further amended--
            (1) in the first sentence, by striking ``two fiscal years'' 
        and inserting ``four fiscal years, and within one year after 
        release of the National Defense Strategy,'' ; and
            (2) in the second sentence, by striking ``thirty fiscal 
        years'' and inserting ``15 fiscal years''.
    (c) Amendment to Contents of Plan.--Subsection (d)(2) of such 
section, as amended by subsection (a)(2), is further amended--
            (1) by striking subparagraph (B);
            (2) by redesignating subparagraphs (C) through (G) as 
        subparagraphs (B) through (F), respectively; and
            (3) in subparagraph (B), as redesignated by paragraph (2), 
        by striking ``based on current'' and all that follows through 
        the end and inserting ``for test and evaluation of the 
        Department of Defense major weapon systems based on current and 
        emerging threats.''.
    (d) Annual Update to Plan.--Subsection (d) of such section is 
amended by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
    ``(5)(A) In addition to the quadrennial strategic plan completed 
under paragraph (1), the Director of the Department of Defense Test 
Resource Management Center shall also complete an annual update to the 
quadrennial strategic plan.
    ``(B) Each annual update completed under subparagraph (A) shall 
include the following:
            ``(i) A summary of changes to the assessment provided in 
        the most recent quadrennial strategic plan.
            ``(ii) Comments and recommendations the Director considers 
        appropriate.
            ``(iii) Test and evaluation challenges raised since the 
        completion of the most recent quadrennial strategic plan.
            ``(iv) Actions taken or planned to address such 
        challenges.''.
    (e) Technical Correction.--Subsection (d)(1) of such, as amended by 
subsections (a)(2) and (b), is further amended by striking ``Test 
Resources Management Center'' and inserting ``Test Resource Management 
Center''.

SEC. 237. LIMITATION ON CONTRACT AWARDS FOR CERTAIN UNMANNED VESSELS.

    (a) Limitation.--None of the funds authorized to be appropriated 
for fiscal year 2021 by section 201 for research, development, test, 
and evaluation may be used for the award of a contract for a covered 
vessel until the date that is 30 days after the date on which the Under 
Secretary of Defense for Research and Engineering submits to the 
congressional defense committees a report and certification described 
in subsection (c) for such contract and covered vessel.
    (b) Covered Vessels.--For purposes of this section, a covered 
vessel is one of the following:
            (1) A large unmanned surface vessel (LUSV).
            (2) A medium unmanned surface vehicle (MUSV).
            (3) A large displacement unmanned undersea vehicle (LDUUV).
            (4) An extra-large unmanned undersea vehicle (XLUUV).
    (c) Report and Certification Described.--A report and certification 
described in this subsection regarding a contract for a covered vessel 
is--
            (1) a report--
                    (A) submitted to the congressional defense 
                committees not later than 60 days after the date of the 
                completion of an independent technical risk assessment 
                for such covered vessel; and
                    (B) on the findings of the Under Secretary with 
                respect to such assessment; and
            (2) a certification, submitted to the congressional defense 
        committees with the report described in paragraph (1), that 
        certifies that--
                    (A) the Under Secretary has determined, in 
                conjunction with the Senior Technical Authority 
                designated under section 8669b(a)(1) of title 10, 
                United States Code, for the class of naval vessels that 
                includes the covered vessel, that the critical mission, 
                hull, mechanical, and electrical subsystems of the 
                covered vessel--
                            (i) have been demonstrated in vessel-
                        representative form, fit, and function; and
                            (ii) have achieved performance levels equal 
                        to or greater than applicable Department of 
                        Defense threshold requirements for such class 
                        of vessels; and
                    (B) such contract is necessary to meet Department 
                research, development, test, and evaluation objectives 
                for such covered vessel that cannot otherwise be met 
                through further land-based subsystem prototyping or 
                other demonstration approaches.
    (d) Critical Mission, Hull, Mechanical, and Electrical Subsystems 
Defined.--In this section, the term ``critical mission, hull, 
mechanical, and electrical subsystems'', with respect to a covered 
vessel, includes the following subsystems:
            (1) Command, control, communications, computers, 
        intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance.
            (2) Autonomous vessel navigation, vessel control, contact 
        management, and contact avoidance.
            (3) Communications security, including cryptopgraphy, 
        encryption, and decryption.
            (4) Main engines, including the lube oil, fuel oil, and 
        other supporting systems.
            (5) Electrical generation and distribution, including 
        supporting systems.
            (6) Military payloads.
            (7) Any other subsystem identified as critical by the 
        Senior Technical Authority designated under section 8669b(a)(1) 
        of title 10, United States Code, for the class of naval vessels 
        that includes the covered vessel.

SEC. 238. DOCUMENTATION RELATING TO THE ADVANCED BATTLE MANAGEMENT 
              SYSTEM.

    (a) Documentation Required.--Immediately upon the enactment of this 
Act, the Secretary of the Air Force shall submit to the congressional 
defense committees the following documentation relating to the Advanced 
Battle Management System:
            (1) A list that identifies each program, project, and 
        activity that contributes to the architecture of the Advanced 
        Battle Management System.
            (2) The final analysis of alternatives for the Advanced 
        Battle Management System.
            (3) The requirements for the networked data architecture 
        necessary for the Advanced Battle Management System to provide 
        multidomain command and control and battle management 
        capabilities and a development schedule for such architecture.
    (b) Limitation.--Of the funds authorized to be appropriated by this 
Act for fiscal year 2021 for operations and maintenance for the Office 
of the Secretary of the Air Force, not more than 25 percent may be 
obligated until the date that is 30 days after the date on which the 
Secretary of the Air Force submits to the congressional defense 
committees the documentation required by subsection (a) and the Vice 
Chairman of the Vice Chairman of the Joint Chiefs certifies the 
documentation.
    (c) Advanced Battle Management System.--In this section, the term 
``Advanced Battle Management System'' means the Advanced Battle 
Management System of Systems capability of the Air Force, including 
each program, project, and activity that contributes to such 
capability.

SEC. 239. ARMED SERVICES VOCATIONAL APTITUDE BATTERY TEST SPECIAL 
              PURPOSE ADJUNCT TO ADDRESS COMPUTATIONAL THINKING.

    Not later than one year after the date of the enactment of this 
Act, the Secretary of Defense shall establish a special purpose test 
adjunct to the Armed Services Vocational Aptitude Battery test to 
address computational thinking skills relevant to military 
applications, including problem decomposition, abstraction, pattern 
recognition, analytical ability, the identification of variables 
involved in data representation, and the ability to create algorithms 
and solution expressions.

SEC. 240. REPORT ON USE OF TESTING FACILITIES TO RESEARCH AND DEVELOP 
              HYPERSONIC TECHNOLOGY.

    Not later than 180 days after the date of the enactment of this 
Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the congressional defense 
committees a report on the costs and benefits of the use and potential 
refurbishment of existing operating and mothballed Federal research and 
testing facilities to support hypersonics activities of the Department 
of Defense.

SEC. 241. STUDY AND PLAN ON THE USE OF ADDITIVE MANUFACTURING AND 
              THREE-DIMENSIONAL BIOPRINTING IN SUPPORT OF THE 
              WARFIGHTER.

    (a) Study.--The Secretary of Defense shall conduct a study on the 
use of additive manufacturing and three-dimensional bioprinting across 
the Military Health System.
    (b) Elements.--The study required by subsection (a) shall examine 
the activities currently underway by each of the military services and 
the Department agencies, including costs, sources of funding, 
oversight, collaboration, and outcomes.
    (c) Report.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the 
Committee on Armed Services of the Senate and the Committee on Armed 
Services of the House of Representatives a report on the results of the 
study conducted under subsection (a).

SEC. 242. ELEMENT IN ANNUAL REPORTS ON CYBER SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY 
              ACTIVITIES ON WORK WITH ACADEMIC CONSORTIA ON HIGH 
              PRIORITY CYBERSECURITY RESEARCH ACTIVITIES IN DEPARTMENT 
              OF DEFENSE CAPABILITIES.

    Section 257(b)(2) of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
Fiscal Year 2020 (Public Law 116-92; 133 Sta. 1291) is amended by 
adding at end the following new subparagraph:
                    ``(J) Efforts to work with academic consortia on 
                high priority cybersecurity research activities.''.

                  TITLE III--OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE

              Subtitle A--Authorization of Appropriations

SEC. 301. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

    Funds are hereby authorized to be appropriated for fiscal year 2021 
for the use of the Armed Forces and other activities and agencies of 
the Department of Defense for expenses, not otherwise provided for, for 
operation and maintenance, as specified in the funding table in section 
4301.

                   Subtitle B--Energy and Environment

SEC. 311. MODIFICATIONS AND TECHNICAL CORRECTIONS TO ENSURE RESTORATION 
              OF CONTAMINATION BY PERFLUOROOCTANE SULFONATE AND 
              PERFLUOROOCTANOIC ACID.

    (a) Definition for PFOA and PFOS.--Section 2700 of title 10, United 
States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new 
paragraphs:
            ``(4) The term `perfluorooctane sulfonate' means 
        perfluorooctane sulfonic acid or sulfonate (commonly referred 
        to as `PFOS') (Chemical Abstracts Service No. 1763-23-1) and 
        the salts associated with perfluorooctane sulfonic acid or 
        sulfonate (Chemical Abstracts Service Nos. 2795-39-3, 29457-72-
        5, 56773-42-3, 29081-56-9, and 70225-14-8).
            ``(5) The term `perfluorooctanoic acid' means 
        perfluorooctanoic acid (commonly referred to as `PFOA') 
        (Chemical Abstracts Service No. 335-67-1) and the salts 
        associated with perfluorooctanoic acid (Chemical Abstracts 
        Service Nos. 3825-26-1, 335-95-5, and 68141-02-6).''.
    (b) Modification of Environmental Restoration Accounts.--Section 
2703 of such title is amended--
            (1) in subsection (e)(2), by striking ``environmental'';
            (2) in subsection (f), by striking ``to the Environmental 
        Restoration Account, Defense, or to any environmental 
        restoration account of a military department,'' and inserting 
        ``or transferred to an account established under subsection 
        (a)'';
            (3) by striking subsection (g) and inserting the following:
    ``(g) Sole Source of Funds for Responses Under This Chapter.--
Except as provided in subsection (h), the sole source of funds for all 
phases of a response under this chapter shall be the applicable 
environmental restoration account established under subsection (a).''; 
and
            (4) in subsection (h)--
                    (A) in the subsection heading, by striking 
                ``Environmental Remediation'' and inserting 
                ``Responses''; and
                    (B) by striking ``services procured under section 
                2701(d)(1) of this title'' and inserting ``a 
                response''.
    (c) Modification of Authority for Environmental Restoration 
Projects of National Guard.--
            (1) In general.--Section 2707(e) of such title is amended--
                    (A) by striking ``Notwithstanding'' and inserting 
                ``(1) Notwithstanding'';
                    (B) by inserting ``where military activities are 
                conducted by the National Guard of a State under title 
                32'' after ``facility''; and
                    (C) by adding at the end the following new 
                paragraph:
    ``(2) The Secretary concerned may use the authority under section 
2701(d) of this title to carry out environmental restoration projects 
under paragraph (1).''.
            (2) Correction of definition of facility.--Paragraph (2) of 
        section 2700 of such title is amended--
                    (A) in subparagraph (A), by striking ``(A) The 
                terms'' and inserting ``The terms''; and
                    (B) by striking subparagraph (B).
    (d) Extension of Contract Authority.--Section 2708(b) of such title 
is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (1), by striking ``fiscal years 1992 
        through 1996'' and inserting ``a period specified in paragraph 
        (3)''; and
            (2) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
    ``(3) A period specified in this paragraph is--
            ``(A) the period of fiscal years 1992 through 1996; or
            ``(B) on or after the date of the enactment of the National 
        Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2021.''.
    (e) Technical Consistency for Munitions Response.--
            (1) Program goals.--Section 2701(b)(2) of such title is 
        amended by striking ``of unexploded ordnance'' and inserting 
        ``of unexploded ordnance, discarded military munitions, and 
        munitions constituents in a manner consistent with section 2710 
        of this title''.
            (2) Environmental restoration accounts.--Section 2703(b) of 
        such title is amended by striking the second sentence and 
        inserting the following new sentence: ``Such remediation shall 
        be conducted in a manner consistent with section 2710 of this 
        title.''.
            (3) Transfer of definitions.--
                    (A) Transfer.--Paragraphs (2) and (3) of section 
                2710(e) of such title are--
                            (i) transferred to section 2700 of such 
                        title;
                            (ii) added at the end of such section; and
                            (iii) redesignated as paragraphs (6) and 
                        (7), respectively.
                    (B) Redesignation of definitions.--Section 2710(e) 
                of such title is amended by redesignating paragraphs 
                (4) through (7) as paragraphs (2) through (5), 
                respectively.
            (4) Conforming amendments.--Section 313(d) of the John 
        Warner National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2007 
        (Public Law 109-364; 10 U.S.C. 2710 note) is amended--
                    (A) in paragraph (2)--
                            (i) by striking ```discarded military 
                        munitions', `munitions constituents', and 
                        `defense sites''' and inserting ```discarded 
                        military munitions' and `munitions 
                        constituents'''; and
                            (ii) by striking ``section 2710(e)'' and 
                        inserting ``section 2700''; and
                    (B) by adding at the end the following new 
                paragraph:
            ``(3) The term `defense site' has the meaning given such 
        term in section 2710(e) of such title.''.
    (f) Technical Correction Regarding Cooperative Agreements.--Section 
332(a)(2) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 
2020 (Public Law 116-92) is amended, in the matter preceding 
subparagraph (A), by striking ``shall meet or exceed the most stringent 
of the following'' and inserting ``relating to a response shall reflect 
application to the response of the most protective of the following''.

SEC. 312. READINESS AND ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION INTEGRATION PROGRAM 
              TECHNICAL EDITS AND CLARIFICATION.

    (a) Use of Funds.--Section 2684a(i) of title 10, United States 
Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
    ``(3) Funds obligated to carry out an agreement under this section 
shall be available for use with regard to any property in the 
geographic scope specified in the agreement--
            ``(A) at the time the funds are obligated; and
            ``(B) in any subsequent modification to the agreement.''.
    (b) Clarification of References to Eligible Entities.--
            (1) Definition.--Subsection (b) of section 2684a of title 
        10, United States Code, is amended, in the matter preceding 
        paragraph (1), by striking ``An agreement under this section 
        may be entered into with'' and inserting ``For purposes of this 
        section, an eligible entity is''.
            (2) Acquisition of property and interests.--Subsection 
        (d)(1) of such section is amended by striking ``the entity or 
        entities'' each place it appears and inserting ``an eligible 
        entity or entities''.
            (3) Retroactive application.--The amendments made by 
        paragraphs (1) and (2) shall apply to any agreement entered 
        into under section 2684a of title 10, United States Code, on or 
        after December 2, 2002.

SEC. 313. SURVEY AND MARKET RESEARCH OF TECHNOLOGIES FOR PHASE OUT BY 
              DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE OF USE OF FLUORINATED AQUEOUS FILM-
              FORMING FOAM.

    (a) Survey of Technologies and Market Research.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense shall conduct a 
        survey and market research of relevant technologies, other than 
        fire-fighting agent solutions, to determine whether any such 
        technologies are available and can be adapted quickly for use 
        by the Department of Defense to execute the phase-out by the 
        Department of the use of fluorinated aqueous film-forming foam.
            (2) Technologies included.--The technologies surveyed or 
        researched under paragraph (1) shall include the following:
                    (A) Hangar flooring systems.
                    (B) Liquid drainage flood assemblies.
                    (C) Fire-fighting agent delivery systems.
                    (D) Containment systems.
                    (E) Such other relevant technologies as the 
                Secretary determines appropriate.
    (b) Briefing.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
        the enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall brief the 
        congressional defense committees on the results of the survey 
        and market research conducted under subsection (a).
            (2) Elements of briefing.--The briefing required under 
        paragraph (1) shall include the following:
                    (A) A description of the technologies surveyed and 
                researched under subsection (a).
                    (B) An identification of any such technologies that 
                were considered for further testing or analysis.
                    (C) An identification of any other technologies 
                useful for the phase-out by the Department of the use 
                of fluorinated aqueous film-forming foam that are 
                undergoing additional analysis for possible application 
                within the Department.

SEC. 314. MODIFICATION OF AUTHORITY TO CARRY OUT MILITARY INSTALLATION 
              RESILIENCE PROJECTS.

    (a) Modification of Authority.--Section 2815 of title 10, United 
States Code is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a), by inserting ``(except as provided 
        in subsections (d)(3) and (e))'' before the period at the end;
            (2) in subsection (c), by striking ``A project'' and 
        inserting ``Except as provided in subsection (e)(2), a 
        project'';
            (3) by redesignating subsection (d) as subsection (f); and
            (4) by inserting after subsection (c) the following new 
        subsections:
    ``(d) Location of Projects.--Projects carried out pursuant to this 
section may be carried out--
            ``(1) on a military installation;
            ``(2) on a facility used by the Department of Defense that 
        is owned and operated by a State, the District of Columbia, the 
        Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, American Samoa, Guam, the 
        Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, or the Virgin 
        Islands, even if the facility is not under the jurisdiction of 
        the Department of Defense, if the Secretary of Defense 
        determines that the facility is subject to significant use by 
        the armed forces for testing or training; or
            ``(3) outside of a military installation or facility 
        described in paragraph (2) if the Secretary concerned 
        determines that the project would preserve or enhance the 
        resilience of--
                    ``(A) a military installation;
                    ``(B) a facility described in paragraph (2); or
                    ``(C) community infrastructure determined by the 
                Secretary concerned to be necessary to maintain, 
                improve, or rapidly reestablish installation mission 
                assurance and mission-essential functions.
    ``(e) Alternative Funding Source.--(1) In carrying out a project 
under this section, the Secretary concerned may use amounts available 
for operation and maintenance for the military department concerned if 
the Secretary concerned submits a notification to the congressional 
defense committees of the decision to carry out the project using such 
amounts and includes in the notification--
            ``(A) the current estimate of the cost of the project;
            ``(B) the source of funds for the project; and
            ``(C) a certification that deferral of the project for 
        inclusion in the next Military Construction Authorization Act 
        would be inconsistent with national security or the protection 
        of health, safety, or environmental quality, as the case may 
        be.
    ``(2) A project carried out under this section using amounts under 
paragraph (1) may be carried out only after the end of the 7-day period 
beginning on the date on which a copy of the notification described in 
paragraph (1) is provided in an electronic medium pursuant to section 
480 of this title.
    ``(3) The maximum aggregate amount that the Secretary concerned may 
obligate from amounts available to the military department concerned 
for operation and maintenance in any fiscal year for projects under the 
authority of this subsection is $100,000,000.''.
    (b) Consideration of Military Installation Resilience in Agreements 
and Interagency Cooperation.--Section 2684a of such title is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a)--
                    (A) in paragraph (2)(B)--
                            (i) by striking clause (ii); and
                            (ii) in clause (i)--
                                    (I) by striking ``(i)''; and
                                    (II) by striking ``; or'' and 
                                inserting a semicolon;
                    (B) by redesignating paragraph (3) as paragraph 
                (4); and
                    (C) by inserting after paragraph (2) the following 
                new paragraph (3):
            ``(3) maintaining or improving military installation 
        resilience; or''; and
            (2) by amending subsection (h) to read as follows:
    ``(h) Interagency Cooperation in Conservation and Resilience 
Programs to Avoid or Reduce Adverse Impacts on Military Installation 
Resilience and Military Readiness Activities.--In order to facilitate 
interagency cooperation and enhance the effectiveness of actions that 
will protect the environment, military installation resilience, and 
military readiness, the recipient of funds provided pursuant to an 
agreement under this section or under the Sikes Act (16 U.S.C. 670 et 
seq.) may, with regard to the lands and waters within the scope of the 
agreement, use such funds to satisfy any matching funds or cost-sharing 
requirement of any conservation or resilience program of any Federal 
agency notwithstanding any limitation of such program on the source of 
matching or cost-sharing funds.''.

SEC. 315. NATIVE AMERICAN INDIAN LANDS ENVIRONMENTAL MITIGATION 
              PROGRAM.

    (a) In General.--Chapter 160 of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended by adding at the end the following new section:
``Sec. 2712. Native American lands environmental mitigation program
    ``(a) Establishment.--The Secretary of Defense may establish and 
carry out a program to mitigate the environmental effects of actions by 
the Department of Defense on Indian lands and culturally connected 
locations.
    ``(b) Program Activities.--The activities that may be carried out 
under the program established under subsection (a) are the following:
            ``(1) Identification, investigation, and documentation of 
        suspected environmental effects attributable to past actions by 
        the Department of Defense.
            ``(2) Development of mitigation options for such 
        environmental effects, including development of cost-to-
        complete estimates and a system for prioritizing mitigation 
        actions.
            ``(3) Direct mitigation actions that the Secretary 
        determines are necessary and appropriate to mitigate the 
        adverse environmental effects of past actions by the 
        Department.
            ``(4) Demolition and removal of unsafe buildings and 
        structures used by, under the jurisdiction of, or formerly used 
        by or under the jurisdiction of the Department.
            ``(5) Training, technical assistance, and administrative 
        support to facilitate the meaningful participation of Indian 
        tribes in mitigation actions under the program.
            ``(6) Development and execution of a policy governing 
        consultation with Indian tribes that have been or may be 
        affected by action by the Department, including training 
        personnel of the Department to ensure compliance with the 
        policy.
    ``(c) Cooperative Agreements.--(1) In carrying out the program 
established under subsection (a), the Secretary of Defense may enter 
into a cooperative agreement with an Indian tribe or an instrumentality 
of tribal government.
    ``(2) Notwithstanding chapter 63 of title 31, a cooperative 
agreement under this section may be used to acquire property or 
services for the direct benefit of the United States Government.
    ``(3) A cooperative agreement under this section for the 
procurement of severable services may begin in one fiscal year and end 
in another fiscal year only if the total period of performance does not 
exceed two calendar years.
    ``(d) Definitions.--In this section:
            ``(1) The term `Indian land' includes--
                    ``(A) any land located within the boundaries and a 
                part of an Indian reservation, pueblo, or rancheria;
                    ``(B) any land that has been allotted to an 
                individual Indian but has not been conveyed to such 
                Indian with full power of alienation;
                    ``(C) Alaska Native village and regional 
                corporation lands; and
                    ``(D) lands and waters upon which any Federally 
                recognized Indian tribe has rights reserved by treaty, 
                act of Congress, or action by the President.
            ``(2) The term `Indian Tribe' means any Indian Tribe, band, 
        nation, or other organized group or community, including any 
        Native village, Regional Corporation, or Village Corporation 
        (as defined in section 3 of the Alaska Native Claims Settlement 
        Act (43 U.S.C. 1602)), that is recognized as eligible for the 
        special programs and services provided by the United States to 
        Indians because of their status as Indians.
            ``(3) The term `culturally connected location' means a 
        location or place that has demonstrable significance to Indians 
        or Alaska Natives based on its association with the traditional 
        beliefs, customs, and practices of a living community, 
        including locations or places where religious, ceremonial, 
        subsistence, medicinal, economic, or other lifeways practices 
        have historically taken place.''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning of 
chapter 160 of such title is amended by inserting after the item 
relating to section 2711 the following new item:

``2712. Native American lands environmental mitigation program.''.

SEC. 316. ENERGY RESILIENCE AND ENERGY SECURITY MEASURES ON MILITARY 
              INSTALLATIONS.

    (a) In General.--Subchapter I of chapter 173 of title 10, United 
States Code, is amended by inserting after section 2919 the following 
new section:
``Sec. 2920. Energy resilience and energy security measures on military 
              installations
    ``(a) Energy Resilience Measures.--(1) The Secretary of Defense 
shall, by the end of fiscal year 2030, provide that 100 percent of the 
energy load required to maintain the critical missions of each 
installation have a minimum level of availability of 99.9 percent per 
fiscal year.
    ``(2) The Secretary of Defense shall issue standards establishing 
levels of availability relative to specific critical missions, with 
such standards providing a range of not less than 99.9 percent 
availability per fiscal year and not more than 99.9999 percent 
availability per fiscal year, depending on the criticality of the 
mission.
    ``(3) The Secretary may establish interim goals to take effect 
prior to fiscal year 2025 to ensure the requirements under this 
subsection are met.
    ``(4) The Secretary of each military department and the head of 
each Defense Agency shall ensure that their organizations meet the 
requirements of this subsection.
    ``(b) Planning.--(1) The Secretary of Defense shall require the 
Secretary of each military department and the head of each Defense 
Agency to plan for the provision of energy resilience and energy 
security for installations.
    ``(2) Planning under paragraph (1) shall--
            ``(A) promote the use of multiple and diverse sources of 
        energy, with an emphasis favoring energy resources originating 
        on the installation such as modular generation;
            ``(B) promote installing microgrids to ensure the energy 
        security and energy resilience of critical missions; and
            ``(C) favor the use of full-time, installed energy sources 
        rather than emergency generation.
    ``(c) Development of Information.--The planning required by 
subsection (b) shall identify each of the following for each 
installation:
            ``(1) The critical missions of the installation.
            ``(2) The energy requirements of those critical missions.
            ``(3) The duration that those energy requirements are 
        likely to be needed in the event of a disruption or emergency.
            ``(4) The current source of energy provided to those 
        critical missions.
            ``(5) The duration that the currently provided energy would 
        likely be available in the event of a disruption or emergency.
            ``(6) Any currently available sources of energy that would 
        provide uninterrupted energy to critical missions in the event 
        of a disruption or emergency.
            ``(7) Alternative sources of energy that could be developed 
        to provide uninterrupted energy to critical missions in the 
        event of a disruption or emergency.
    ``(d) Testing and Measuring.--(1)(A) The Secretary of Defense shall 
require the Secretary of each military department and head of each 
Defense Agency to conduct monitoring, measuring, and testing to provide 
the data necessary to comply with this section.
    ``(B) Any data provided under subparagraph (A) shall be made 
available to the Assistant Secretary of Defense for Sustainment upon 
request.
    ``(2)(A) The Secretary of Defense shall require that black start 
exercises be conducted to assess the energy resilience and energy 
security of installations for periods established to evaluate the 
ability of the installation to perform critical missions without access 
to off-installation energy resources.
    ``(B) A black start exercise conducted under subparagraph (A) may 
exclude, if technically feasible, housing areas, commissaries, 
exchanges, and morale, welfare, and recreation facilities.
    ``(C) The Secretary of Defense shall--
            ``(i) provide uniform policy for the military departments 
        and the Defense Agencies with respect to conducting black start 
        exercises; and
            ``(ii) establish a schedule of black start exercises for 
        the military departments and the Defense Agencies, with each 
        military department and Defense Agency scheduled to conduct 
        such an exercise on a number of installations each year 
        sufficient to allow that military department or Defense Agency 
        to meet the goals of this section, but in any event not fewer 
        than five installations each year for each military department 
        through fiscal year 2027.
    ``(D)(i) Except as provided in clause (ii), the Secretary of each 
military department shall, notwithstanding any other provision of law, 
conduct black start exercises in accordance with the schedule provided 
for in subparagraph (C)(ii), with any such exercise not to last longer 
than five days.
    ``(ii) The Secretary of a military department may conduct more 
black start exercises than those identified in the schedule provided 
for in subparagraph (C)(ii).
    ``(e) Contract Requirements.--For contracts for energy and utility 
services, the Secretary of Defense shall--
            ``(1) specify methods and processes to measure, manage, and 
        verify compliance with subsection (a); and
            ``(2) ensure that such contracts include requirements 
        appropriate to ensure energy resilience and energy security, 
        including requirements for metering to measure, manage, and 
        verify energy consumption, availability, and reliability 
        consistent with this section and the energy resilience metrics 
        and standards under section 2911(b) of this title.
    ``(f) Exception.--This section does not apply to fuels used in 
aircraft, vessels, or motor vehicles.
    ``(g) Report.--If by the end of fiscal year 2029, the Secretary 
determines that the Department will be unable to meet the requirements 
under subsection (a), not later than 90 days after the end of such 
fiscal year, the Secretary shall submit to the Committees on Armed 
Services of the Senate and House of Representatives a report 
detailing--
            ``(1) the projected shortfall;
            ``(2) reasons for the projected shortfall;
            ``(3) any statutory, technological, or monetary impediments 
        to achieving such requirements;
            ``(4) any impact to readiness or ability to meet the 
        national defense posture; and
            ``(5) any other relevant information as the Secretary 
        considers appropriate.
    ``(h) Definitions.--In this section:
            ``(1) The term `availability' means the availability of 
        required energy at a stated instant of time or over a stated 
        period of time for a specific purpose.
            ``(2) The term `black start exercise' means an exercise in 
        which delivery of energy provided from off an installation is 
        terminated before backup generation assets on the installation 
        are turned on. Such an exercise shall--
                    ``(A) determine the ability of the backup systems 
                to start independently, transfer the load, and carry 
                the load until energy from off the installation is 
                restored;
                    ``(B) align organizations with critical missions to 
                coordinate in meeting critical mission requirements;
                    ``(C) validate mission operation plans, such as 
                continuity of operations plans;
                    ``(D) identify infrastructure interdependencies; 
                and
                    ``(E) verify backup electric power system 
                performance.
            ``(3) The term `critical mission'--
                    ``(A) means those aspects of the missions of an 
                installation, including mission essential operations, 
                that are critical to successful performance of the 
                strategic national defense mission;
                    ``(B) may include operational headquarters 
                facilities, airfields and supporting infrastructure, 
                harbor facilities supporting naval vessels, munitions 
                production and storage facilities, missile fields, 
                radars, satellite control facilities, cyber operations 
                facilities, space launch facilities, operational 
                communications facilities, and biological defense 
                facilities; and
                    ``(C) does not include military housing (including 
                privatized military housing), morale, welfare, and 
                recreation facilities, exchanges, commissaries, or 
                privately owned facilities.
            ``(4) The term `energy' means electricity, natural gas, 
        steam, chilled water, and heated water.
            ``(5) The term `installation' has the meaning given the 
        term `military installation' in section 2801(c)(4) of this 
        title.''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning of 
subchapter I of chapter 173 of such title is amended by inserting after 
the item relating to section 2919 the following new item:

``2920. Energy resilience and energy security measures on military 
                            installations.''.

SEC. 317. MODIFICATION TO AVAILABILITY OF ENERGY COST SAVINGS FOR 
              DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE.

    Section 2912(a) of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
inserting ``and, in the case of operational energy, from both training 
and operational missions,'' after ``under section 2913 of this 
title,''.

SEC. 318. LONG-DURATION DEMONSTRATION INITIATIVE AND JOINT PROGRAM.

    (a) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) Director.--The term ``Director'' means the Director of 
        the Environmental Security Technology Certification Program of 
        the Department of Defense.
            (2) Director of arpa-e.--The term ``Director of ARPA-E'' 
        means the Director of the Advanced Research Projects Agency--
        Energy.
            (3) Initiative.--The term ``Initiative'' means the 
        demonstration initiative established under subsection (b).
            (4) Joint program.--The term ``Joint Program'' means the 
        joint program established under subsection (d).
    (b) Establishment of Initiative.--Not later than 180 days after the 
date of enactment of this Act, the Director shall establish a 
demonstration initiative composed of demonstration projects focused on 
the development of long-duration energy storage technologies.
    (c) Selection of Projects.--To the maximum extent practicable, in 
selecting demonstration projects to participate in the Initiative, the 
Director shall--
            (1) ensure a range of technology types;
            (2) ensure regional diversity among projects; and
            (3) consider bulk power level, distribution power level, 
        behind-the-meter, microgrid (grid-connected or islanded mode), 
        and off-grid applications.
    (d) Joint Program.--
            (1) Establishment.--As part of the Initiative, the 
        Director, in consultation with the Director of ARPA-E, shall 
        establish within the Department of Defense a joint program to 
        carry out projects--
                    (A) to demonstrate promising long-duration energy 
                storage technologies at different scales to promote 
                energy resiliency; and
                    (B) to help new, innovative long-duration energy 
                storage technologies become commercially viable.
            (2) Memorandum of understanding.--Not later than 200 days 
        after the date of enactment of this Act, the Director shall 
        enter into a memorandum of understanding with the Director of 
        ARPA-E to administer the Joint Program.
            (3) Infrastructure.--In carrying out the Joint Program, the 
        Director and the Director of ARPA-E shall--
                    (A) use existing test-bed infrastructure at--
                            (i) installations of the Department of 
                        Defense; and
                            (ii) facilities of the Department of 
                        Energy; and
                    (B) develop new infrastructure for identified 
                projects, if appropriate.
            (4) Goals and metrics.--The Director and the Director of 
        ARPA-E shall develop goals and metrics for technological 
        progress under the Joint Program consistent with energy 
        resilience and energy security policies.
            (5) Selection of projects.--
                    (A) In general.--To the maximum extent practicable, 
                in selecting projects to participate in the Joint 
                Program, the Director and the Director of ARPA-E 
                shall--
                            (i) ensure that projects are carried out 
                        under conditions that represent a variety of 
                        environments with different physical conditions 
                        and market constraints; and
                            (ii) ensure an appropriate balance of--
                                    (I) larger, higher-cost projects; 
                                and
                                    (II) smaller, lower-cost projects.
                    (B) Priority.--In carrying out the Joint Program, 
                the Director and the Director of ARPA-E shall give 
                priority to demonstration projects that--
                            (i) make available to the public project 
                        information that will accelerate deployment of 
                        long-duration energy storage technologies that 
                        promote energy resiliency; and
                            (ii) will be carried out in the field.

SEC. 319. PILOT PROGRAM ON ALTERNATIVE FUEL VEHICLE PURCHASING.

    (a) In General.--The Secretary of Defense, in coordination with the 
Secretary of Energy and the Administrator of the General Services 
Administration, shall carry out a pilot program under which the 
Secretary of Defense may, notwithstanding section 400AA of the Energy 
Policy and Conservation Act (42 U.S.C. 6374), purchase new alternative 
fuel vehicles for which the initial cost of such vehicles exceeds the 
initial cost of a comparable gasoline or diesel fueled vehicle by not 
more than 10 percent.
    (b) Locations.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense shall carry out 
        the pilot program under subsection (a) at not fewer than 2 
        facilities or installations of the Department of Defense in the 
        continental United States that--
                    (A) have the largest total number of attached 
                noncombat vehicles as compared to other facilities or 
                installations of the Department of Defense; and
                    (B) are located within 20 miles of public or 
                private refueling or recharging stations.
            (2) Air force logistics center.--One of the facilities or 
        installations selected under paragraph (1) shall be an Air 
        Force Logistics Center.
    (c) Alternative Fuel Vehicle Defined.--In this section, the term 
``alternative fuel vehicle'' includes a vehicle that uses--
            (1) fuels derived from renewable biomass, as defined in 
        section 211(o)(1)(I) of the Clean Air Act (42 U.S.C. 
        7545(o)(1)(I));
            (2) natural gas (including compressed and liquefied natural 
        gas); or
            (3) propane.

SEC. 320. EXTENSION OF REAL-TIME SOUND MONITORING AT NAVY INSTALLATIONS 
              WHERE TACTICAL FIGHTER AIRCRAFT OPERATE.

    Section 325(a)(1) of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
Fiscal Year 2020 (Public Law 116-92) is amended by striking ``a 12-
month period'' and inserting ``two 12-month periods, including one such 
period that begins in fiscal year 2021''.

SEC. 321. STUDY ON IMPACTS OF TRANSBOUNDARY FLOWS, SPILLS, OR 
              DISCHARGES OF POLLUTION OR DEBRIS FROM THE TIJUANA RIVER 
              ON PERSONNEL, ACTIVITIES, AND INSTALLATIONS OF DEPARTMENT 
              OF DEFENSE.

    (a) Study.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than 90 days after the date of 
        the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense, in 
        coordination with the Administrator of the Environmental 
        Protection Agency, the Secretary of State, and the United 
        States Commissioner of the International Boundary and Water 
        Commission, shall commission an independent scientific study of 
        the impacts of transboundary flows, spills, or discharges of 
        pollution or debris from the Tijuana River on the personnel, 
        activities, and installations of the Department of Defense.
            (2) Elements.--The study required by paragraph (1) shall 
        address the short-term, long-term, primary, and secondary 
        impacts of transboundary flows, spills, or discharges of 
        pollution or debris from the Tijuana River and include 
        recommendations to mitigate such impacts.
    (b) Report.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the 
appropriate committees of Congress a report containing the results of 
the study under subsection (a), including all findings and 
recommendations resulting from the study.
    (c) Appropriate Committees of Congress Defined.--In this section, 
the term ``appropriate committees of Congress'' means--
            (1) the Committee on Armed Services, the Committee on 
        Environment and Public Works, and the Committee on Foreign 
        Relations of the Senate; and
            (2) the Committee on Armed Services, the Committee on 
        Transportation and Infrastructure, and the Committee on Foreign 
        Affairs of the House of Representatives.

SEC. 322. INCREASE IN FUNDING FOR STUDY BY CENTERS FOR DISEASE CONTROL 
              AND PREVENTION RELATING TO PERFLUOROALKYL AND 
              POLYFLUOROALKYL SUBSTANCE CONTAMINATION IN DRINKING 
              WATER.

    (a) In General.--
            (1) Increase.--The amount authorized to be appropriated by 
        this Act for fiscal year 2021 for Operation and Maintenance, 
        Defense Wide for SAG 4GTN for the study by the Centers for 
        Disease Control and Prevention under section 316(a)(2)(B)(ii) 
        of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2018 
        (Public Law 115-91; 131 Stat. 1350) is hereby increased by 
        $5,000,000.
            (2) Offset.--The amount authorized to be appropriated by 
        this Act for fiscal year 2021 for Operation and Maintenance, 
        Army for SAG 421, Servicewide Transportation is hereby reduced 
        by $5,000,000.
    (b) Increase in Transfer Authority.--Section 316(a)(2)(B)(ii) of 
the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2018 (Public Law 
115-91; 131 Stat. 1350), as amended by section 315(a) of the John S. 
McCain National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2019 (Public 
Law 115-232; 132 Stat. 1713), is amended by striking ``$10,000,000'' 
and inserting ``$15,000,000''.

                 Subtitle C--Logistics and Sustainment

SEC. 331. REPEAL OF STATUTORY REQUIREMENT FOR NOTIFICATION TO DIRECTOR 
              OF DEFENSE LOGISTICS AGENCY THREE YEARS PRIOR TO 
              IMPLEMENTING CHANGES TO ANY UNIFORM OR UNIFORM COMPONENT.

    Section 356 of the John S. McCain National Defense Authorization 
Act for Fiscal Year 2019 (Public Law 115-232; 10 U.S.C. 771 note prec.) 
is amended--
            (1) by striking subsection (a);
            (2) by redesignating subsections (b) and (c) as subsections 
        (a) and (b), respectively; and
            (3) in subsections (a) and (b), as so redesignated, by 
        striking ``Commander'' each place it appears and inserting 
        ``Director''.

SEC. 332. CLARIFICATION OF LIMITATION ON LENGTH OF OVERSEAS FORWARD 
              DEPLOYMENT OF CURRENTLY DEPLOYED NAVAL VESSELS.

    Section 323(b) of the John S. McCain National Defense Authorization 
Act for Fiscal Year 2019 (Public Law 115-232; 132 Stat. 1720; 10 U.S.C. 
8690 note) is amended by striking ``In the case of any naval vessel'' 
and inserting ``In the case of any aircraft carrier, amphibious ship, 
cruiser, destroyer, frigate, or littoral combat ship''.

                          Subtitle D--Reports

SEC. 351. REPORT ON IMPACT OF PERMAFROST THAW ON INFRASTRUCTURE, 
              FACILITIES, AND OPERATIONS OF THE DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE.

    (a) Report Required.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the 
congressional defense committees a comprehensive report on the impact 
of permafrost thaw on the infrastructure, facilities, assets, and 
operations of the Department of Defense.
    (b) Elements.--The report required by subsection (a) shall include 
the following:
            (1) An identification of the infrastructure, facilities, 
        and assets of the Department of Defense that could be impacted 
        by permafrost thaw.
            (2) For each element of infrastructure and each facility 
        and asset identified pursuant to paragraph (1)--
                    (A) an assessment of the threat posed by permafrost 
                thaw; and
                    (B) an estimate of potential damage in the event of 
                likely permafrost thaw.
            (3) A description of the threats and impacts posed by 
        permafrost thaw to military and other national security 
        operations.
    (c) Consultation.--In preparing the report under subsection (a), 
the Secretary may consult with other Federal agencies, agencies of 
State and local governments, and academic institutions with expertise 
or experience in the effects of permafrost thaw on infrastructure, 
facilities, and operations.
    (d) Asset Defined.--In this section, the term ``asset'' means the 
following:
            (1) Any aircraft, weapon system, vehicle, equipment, or 
        gear of the Department of Defense or the Armed Forces.
            (2) Any other item of the Department or the Armed Forces 
        that the Secretary considers appropriate for purposes of this 
        section.

SEC. 352. PLANS AND REPORTS ON EMERGENCY RESPONSE TRAINING FOR MILITARY 
              INSTALLATIONS.

    (a) Plans.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than 90 days after the date of 
        the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall 
        ensure that each military installation under the jurisdiction 
        of the Secretary that does not conduct live emergency response 
        training on an annual basis or more frequently with the 
        civilian law enforcement and emergency response agencies 
        responsible for responding to an emergency at the installation 
        develops a plan to conduct such training.
            (2) Elements.--Each plan developed under paragraph (1) with 
        respect to an installation--
                    (A) shall include--
                            (i) the cost of implementing training 
                        described in paragraph (1) at the installation;
                            (ii) a description of any obstacles to the 
                        implementation of such training; and
                            (iii) recommendations for mitigating any 
                        such obstacles; and
                    (B) shall be designed to ensure that the civilian 
                law enforcement and emergency response agencies 
                described in paragraph (1) are familiar with--
                            (i) the physical features of the 
                        installation, including gates, buildings, 
                        armories, headquarters, command and control 
                        centers, and medical facilities; and
                            (ii) the emergency response personnel and 
                        procedures of the installation.
            (3) Submittal of plans.--
                    (A) Submittal to secretary.--Not later than 90 days 
                after the date of the enactment of this Act, the 
                commander of each military installation required to 
                develop a plan under paragraph (1) shall submit such 
                plan to the Secretary of Defense.
                    (B) Submittal to congress.--Not later than 180 days 
                after the date of the enactment of this Act, the 
                Secretary shall submit to the Committees on Armed 
                Services of the Senate and the House of Representatives 
                a summary of the plans submitted to the Secretary under 
                subparagraph (A).
    (b) Reports on Training Conducted.--
            (1) List of installations.--Not later than March 1, 2021, 
        the Secretary shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services 
        of the Senate and the House of Representatives a list of all 
        military installations under the jurisdiction of the Secretary 
        that conduct live emergency response training on an annual 
        basis or more frequently with the civilian law enforcement and 
        emergency response agencies responsible for responding to an 
        emergency at the installation.
            (2) Annual reports.--
                    (A) In general.--Not later than one year after the 
                date of the enactment of this Act, and annually 
                thereafter, the commander of each military installation 
                under the jurisdiction of the Secretary shall submit to 
                the Secretary a report on each live emergency response 
                training conducted during the year covered by the 
                report with the civilian law enforcement and emergency 
                response agencies responsible for responding to an 
                emergency at the installation.
                    (B) Elements.--Each report submitted under 
                subparagraph (A) shall include, with respect to each 
                training exercise, the following:
                            (i) The date and duration of the exercise.
                            (ii) A detailed description of the 
                        exercise.
                            (iii) An identification of all military and 
                        civilian personnel who participated in the 
                        exercise.
                            (iv) Any recommendations resulting from the 
                        exercise.
                            (v) The actions taken, if any, to implement 
                        such recommendations.
                    (C) Inclusion in annual budget submission.--
                            (i) In general.--The Secretary shall 
                        include in the budget submitted to Congress by 
                        the President pursuant to section 1105(a) of 
                        title 31, United States Code, a summary of any 
                        report submitted to the Secretary under 
                        subparagraph (A) during the one-year period 
                        preceding the submittal of the budget.
                            (ii) Classified form.--The summary 
                        submitted under clause (i) may be submitted in 
                        classified form.
                    (D) Sunset.--The requirement to submit annual 
                reports under subparagraph (A) shall terminate upon the 
                submittal of the budget described in subparagraph 
                (C)(i) for fiscal year 2024.

SEC. 353. REPORT ON IMPLEMENTATION BY DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE OF 
              REQUIREMENTS RELATING TO RENEWABLE FUEL PUMPS.

    (a) In General.--Not later than 90 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to 
Congress a report on the implementation by the Department of Defense of 
the requirements under section 246(a) of the Energy Independence and 
Security Act of 2007 (42 U.S.C. 17053(a)).
    (b) Elements.--The report required by subsection (a) shall include 
the following:
            (1) An estimate of the cost to the Department of fully 
        implementing the requirements under section 246(a) of the 
        Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007; and
            (2) An assessment of any problems or issues the Department 
        is having in complying with the requirements under such 
        section.
    (c) Exception.--The report required by subsection (a) shall not 
apply to a fueling center of the Department with a fuel turnover rate 
of less than 100,000 gallons of fuel per year.

SEC. 354. REPORT ON EFFECTS OF EXTREME WEATHER ON DEPARTMENT OF 
              DEFENSE.

    (a) In General.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the 
congressional defense committees a report on vulnerabilities to 
military installations and combatant commander requirements resulting 
from extreme weather that builds upon the report submitted under 
section 335(c) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 2018 (Public Law 115-91; 131 Stat. 1358).
    (b) Elements.--The report required by subsection (a) shall include 
the following:
            (1) An explanation of the underlying methodology that the 
        Department uses to assess the effects of extreme weather in the 
        report, including through the use of a climate vulnerability 
        and risk assessment tool as directed under section 326 of the 
        National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2020 (Public 
        Law 116-92).
            (2) An assessment of how extreme weather affects low-lying 
        military installations, military installations of the Navy and 
        the Marine Corps, and military installations outside the United 
        States.
            (3) An assessment of how extreme weather affects access of 
        members of the Armed Forces to training ranges.
            (4) With respect to a military installation in a country 
        outside the United States, an assessment of the collaboration 
        between the Department of Defense and the military or civilian 
        agencies of the government of that country or nongovernmental 
        organizations operating in that country to adapt to risks from 
        extreme weather.
            (5) An assessment of how extreme weather affects housing 
        safety and food security on military installations.
            (6) An assessment of the strategic benefits derived from 
        isolating infrastructure of the Department of Defense in the 
        United States from the national electric grid and the use of 
        energy-efficient, distributed, and smart power grids by the 
        Armed Forces in the United States and overseas to ensure 
        affordable access to electricity.
            (7) A list of ten military installation resilience projects 
        conducted within each military department.
            (8) An overview of mitigations, in addition to current 
        efforts undertaken by the Department, that may be necessary to 
        ensure the continued operational viability and to increase the 
        resilience of military installations, and the estimated costs 
        of those mitigations.
    (c) Consultation.--In developing the report required by subsection 
(a), the Secretary of Defense shall consult with the Administrator of 
the Environmental Protection Agency, the Secretary of Energy, the 
Administrator of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, 
the Administrator of the Federal Emergency Management Agency, the 
Commander of the Army Corps of Engineers, the Administrator of the 
National Aeronautics and Space Administration, a federally funded 
research and development center, and the heads of such other relevant 
Federal agencies as the Secretary of Defense determines appropriate.
    (d) Form of Report.--The report required by subsection (a) shall be 
submitted in unclassified form but may contain a classified annex if 
necessary.
    (e) Publication.--Upon submittal of the report required by 
subsection (a), the Secretary of Defense shall publish the unclassified 
portion of the report on an Internet website of the Department of 
Defense that is available to the public.
    (f) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) Extreme weather.--The term ``extreme weather'' means 
        recurrent flooding, drought, desertification, wildfires, and 
        thawing permafrost.
            (2) United states.--The term ``United States'' means the 
        several States, the District of Columbia, and any territory or 
        possession of the United States.

                       Subtitle E--Other Matters

SEC. 371. PROHIBITION ON DIVESTITURE OF MANNED INTELLIGENCE, 
              SURVEILLANCE, AND RECONNAISSANCE AIRCRAFT OPERATED BY 
              UNITED STATES SPECIAL OPERATIONS COMMAND.

    No funds authorized to be appropriated by this Act may be used to 
divest any manned intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance 
aircraft operated by the United States Special Operations Command, and 
the Department of Defense may not divest any manned intelligence, 
surveillance, and reconnaissance aircraft operated by the United States 
Special Operations Command in fiscal year 2021.

SEC. 372. INFORMATION ON OVERSEAS CONSTRUCTION PROJECTS IN SUPPORT OF 
              CONTINGENCY OPERATIONS USING FUNDS FOR OPERATION AND 
              MAINTENANCE.

    (a) Annual Budget Justification Display.--Section 2805(c) of title 
10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) by striking ``The Secretary concerned'' and inserting 
        ``(1) The Secretary concerned''; and
            (2) by adding at the end the following new paragraphs:
    ``(2) The Secretary of each military department, the Director of 
each Defense Agency, and the head of any other relevant component of 
the Department of Defense shall track and report to the Under Secretary 
of Defense (Comptroller) relevant data regarding all overseas 
construction projects funded with amounts appropriated or otherwise 
made available for operation and maintenance in support of contingency 
operations.
    ``(3)(A) The Secretary of Defense shall prepare, for inclusion in 
the annual budget submission by the President to Congress under section 
1105 of title 31, a consolidated budget justification display, in 
classified and unclassified form, that identifies all overseas 
construction projects funded with amounts appropriated or otherwise 
made available for operation and maintenance in support of contingency 
operations.
    ``(B) The display prepared under subparagraph (A) shall include a 
list of all construction projects described in such subparagraph that 
were completed in the prior fiscal year, that are ongoing, or that are 
expected for the next five fiscal years, and shall identify for each 
project--
            ``(i) the component of the Department of Defense involved 
        in the project;
            ``(ii) the location of the project;
            ``(iii) a brief description of the purpose of the project; 
        and
            ``(iv) the actual or estimated cost of the project.''.
    (b) Report on Construction Projects in Support of Contingency 
Operations.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than March 1, 2021, the 
        Secretary of Defense shall submit to the congressional defense 
        committees a report on ways to improve the development, 
        funding, and execution of construction projects in support of 
        overseas contingency operations, including those funded with 
        amounts appropriated or otherwise made available for operation 
        and maintenance and those funded with amounts appropriated or 
        otherwise made available for military construction.
            (2) Elements.--The report required by paragraph (1) shall 
        include, at a minimum, the following:
                    (A) An examination and comparison of the time 
                required to plan, approve, and execute construction 
                projects funded with operation and maintenance amounts 
                versus those funded with military construction amounts, 
                in support of contingency operations, including 
                construction projects in support of recent operations 
                in Afghanistan, Iraq, Syria, and Eastern Europe.
                    (B) A description of any challenges associated with 
                the processes of the Department of Defense for 
                planning, approving, and executing such projects.
                    (C) A description of any ongoing or planned efforts 
                to improve such processes to promote efficiency and 
                expediency in the development and execution of such 
                projects.
                    (D) Any recommendations with respect to improving 
                such processes, including those from the commanders of 
                the combatant commands and the Secretaries of the 
                military departments.

SEC. 373. PROVISION OF PROTECTION TO THE NATIONAL MUSEUM OF THE MARINE 
              CORPS, THE NATIONAL MUSEUM OF THE UNITED STATES ARMY, THE 
              NATIONAL MUSEUM OF THE UNITED STATES NAVY, AND THE 
              NATIONAL MUSEUM OF THE UNITED STATES AIR FORCE.

    Section 2465(b) of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
adding at the end the following new paragraph:
            ``(5) A contract for the performance of on-site armed 
        security guard functions to be performed--
                    ``(A) at the Marine Corps Heritage Center at Marine 
                Corps Base Quantico, Virginia, including the National 
                Museum of the Marine Corps;
                    ``(B) at the Heritage Center for the National 
                Museum of the United States Army at Fort Belvoir, 
                Virginia;
                    ``(C) at the Heritage Center for the National 
                Museum of the United States Navy at Washington, 
                District of Columbia; or
                    ``(D) at the Heritage Center for the National 
                Museum of the United States Air Force at Wright-
                Patterson Air Force Base, Ohio.''.

SEC. 374. INAPPLICABILITY OF CONGRESSIONAL NOTIFICATION AND DOLLAR 
              LIMITATION REQUIREMENTS FOR ADVANCE BILLINGS FOR CERTAIN 
              BACKGROUND INVESTIGATIONS.

    Section 2208(l) of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) by redesignating paragraph (4) as paragraph (5); and
            (2) by inserting after paragraph (3) the following new 
        paragraph (4):
    ``(4) This subsection shall not apply to advance billing for 
background investigation and related services performed by the Defense 
Counterintelligence and Security Agency.''.

SEC. 375. REPEAL OF SUNSET FOR MINIMUM ANNUAL PURCHASE AMOUNT FOR 
              CARRIERS PARTICIPATING IN THE CIVIL RESERVE AIR FLEET.

    Section 9515 of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
striking subsection (k).

SEC. 376. IMPROVEMENT OF THE OPERATIONAL ENERGY CAPABILITY IMPROVEMENT 
              FUND OF THE DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE.

    (a) Management of the Operational Energy Capability Improvement 
Fund.--The Assistant Secretary of Defense for Sustainment shall 
exercise authority, direction, and control over the Operational Energy 
Capability Improvement Fund of the Department of Defense (in this 
section referred to as the ``OECIF'').
    (b) Alignment and Coordination With Related Programs.--
            (1) Realignment of oecif.--Not later than 60 days after the 
        date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense 
        shall realign the OECIF under the Assistant Secretary of 
        Defense for Sustainment, with such realignment to include 
        personnel positions adequate for the mission of the OECIF.
            (2) Better coordination with related programs.--The 
        Assistant Secretary shall ensure that the placement under the 
        authority of the Assistant Secretary of the OECIF along with 
        the Strategic Environmental Research Program, the Environmental 
        Security Technology Certification Program, and the Operational 
        Energy Prototyping Program is utilized to advance common goals 
        of the Department, promote organizational synergies, and avoid 
        unnecessary duplication of effort.
    (c) Program for Operational Energy Prototyping.--
            (1) In general.--Commencing not later than 90 days after 
        the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of 
        Defense, through the Assistant Secretary of Defense for 
        Sustainment, shall carry out a program for the demonstration of 
        technologies related to operational energy prototyping, 
        including demonstration of operational energy technology and 
        validation prototyping.
            (2) Operation of program.--The Secretary shall ensure that 
        the program under paragraph (1) operates in conjunction with 
        the OECIF to promote the transfer of innovative technologies 
        that have successfully established proof of concept for use in 
        production or in the field.
            (3) Program elements.--In carrying out the program under 
        paragraph (1) the Secretary shall--
                    (A) identify and demonstrate the most promising, 
                innovative, and cost-effective technologies and methods 
                that address high-priority operational energy 
                requirements of the Department of Defense;
                    (B) in conducting demonstrations under subparagraph 
                (A), the Secretary shall--
                            (i) collect cost and performance data to 
                        overcome barriers against employing an 
                        innovative technology because of concerns 
                        regarding technical or programmatic risk; and
                            (ii) ensure that components of the 
                        Department have time to establish new 
                        requirements where necessary and plan, program, 
                        and budget for technology transition to 
                        programs of record;
                    (C) utilize project structures similar to those of 
                the OECIF to ensure transparency and accountability 
                throughout the efforts conducted under the program; and
                    (D) give priority, in conjunction with the OECIF, 
                to the development and fielding of clean technologies 
                that reduce reliance on fossil fuels.
            (4) Tool for accountability and transition.--
                    (A) In general.--In carrying out the program under 
                paragraph (1) the Secretary shall develop and utilize a 
                tool to track relevant investments in operational 
                energy from applied research to transition to use to 
                ensure user organizations have the full picture of 
                technology maturation and development.
                    (B) Transition.--The tool developed and utilized 
                under subparagraph (A) shall be designed to overcome 
                transition challenges with rigorous and well-documented 
                demonstrations that provide the information needed by 
                all stakeholders for acceptance of the technology.
            (5) Locations.--
                    (A) In general.--The Secretary shall carry out the 
                testing and evaluation phase of the program under 
                paragraph (1) at installations of the Department of 
                Defense or in conjunction with exercises conducted by 
                the Joint Staff, a combatant command, or a military 
                department.
                    (B) Formal demonstrations.--The Secretary shall 
                carry out any formal demonstrations under the program 
                under paragraph (1) at installations of the Department 
                or in operational settings to document and validate 
                improved warfighting performance and cost savings.

SEC. 377. COMMISSION ON THE NAMING OF ITEMS OF THE DEPARTMENT OF 
              DEFENSE THAT COMMEMORATE THE CONFEDERATE STATES OF 
              AMERICA OR ANY PERSON WHO SERVED VOLUNTARILY WITH THE 
              CONFEDERATE STATES OF AMERICA.

    (a) Removal.--Not later than three years after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall implement the 
plan submitted by the commission described in paragraph (b) and remove 
all names, symbols, displays, monuments, and paraphernalia that honor 
or commemorate the Confederate States of America (commonly referred to 
as the ``Confederacy'') or any person who served voluntarily with the 
Confederate States of America from all assets of the Department of 
Defense.
    (b) In General.--The Secretary of Defense shall establish a 
commission relating to assigning, modifying, or removing of names, 
symbols, displays, monuments, and paraphernalia to assets of the 
Department of Defense that commemorate the Confederate States of 
America or any person who served voluntarily with the Confederate 
States of America.
    (c) Duties.--The Commission shall--
            (1) assess the cost of renaming or removing names, symbols, 
        displays, monuments, or paraphernalia that commemorate the 
        Confederate States of America or any person who served 
        voluntarily with the Confederate States of America;
            (2) develop procedures and criteria to assess whether an 
        existing name, symbol, monument, display, or paraphernalia 
        commemorates the Confederate States of America or person who 
        served voluntarily with the Confederate States of America;
            (3) recommend procedures for renaming assets of the 
        Department of Defense to prevent commemoration of the 
        Confederate States of America or any person who served 
        voluntarily with the Confederate States of America;
            (4) develop a plan to remove names, symbols, displays, 
        monuments, or paraphernalia that commemorate the Confederate 
        States of America or any person who served voluntarily with the 
        Confederate States of America from assets of the Department of 
        Defense, within the timeline established by this Act; and
            (5) include in the plan procedures and criteria for 
        collecting and incorporating local sensitivities associated 
        with naming or renaming of assets of the Department of Defense.
    (d) Membership.--The Commission shall be composed of eight members, 
of whom--
            (1) four shall be appointed by the Secretary of Defense;
            (2) one shall be appointed by the Chairman of the Committee 
        on Armed Services of the Senate;
            (3) one shall be appointed by the Ranking Member of the 
        Committee on Armed Services of the Senate;
            (4) one shall be appointed by the Chairman of the Committee 
        on Armed Services of the House of Representatives; and
            (5) one shall be appointed by the Ranking Member of the 
        Committee on Armed Services of the House of Representatives.
    (e) Appointment.--Members of the Commission shall be appointed not 
later than 45 days after the date of the enactment of this Act.
    (f) Initial Meeting.--The Commission shall hold its initial meeting 
on the date that is 60 days after the enactment of this Act.
    (g) Briefings and Reports.--Not later than October 1, 2021, the 
Commission shall brief the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate 
and House of Representatives detailing the progress of the requirements 
under subsection (c). Not later than October 1, 2022, and not later 
than 90 days before the implementation of the plan in subsection 
(c)(4), the Commission shall present a briefing and written report 
detailing the results of the requirements under subsection (c), 
including:
            (1) A list of assets to be removed or renamed.
            (2) Costs associated with the removal or renaming of assets 
        in subsection (g)(1).
            (3) Criteria and requirements used to nominate and rename 
        assets in subsection (g)(1).
            (4) Methods of collecting and incorporating local 
        sensitivities associated with the removal or renaming of assets 
        in subsection (g)(1).
    (h) Funding.--
            (1) Authorization of appropriations.--There is authorized 
        to be appropriated $2,000,000 to carry out this section.
            (2) Offset.--The amount authorized to be appropriated by 
        the Act for fiscal year 2021 for Operations and Maintenance, 
        Army, sub activity group 434 - other personnel support is 
        hereby reduced by $2,000,000.
    (i) Assets Defined.--In this section, the term ``assets'' includes 
any base, installation, street, building, facility, aircraft, ship, 
plane, weapon, equipment, or any other property owned or controlled by 
the Department of Defense.
    (j) Exemption for Grave Markers.--Shall not cover monuments but 
shall exempt grave markers. Congress expects the commission to further 
define what constitutes a grave marker.

SEC. 378. MODIFICATIONS TO REVIEW OF PROPOSED ACTIONS BY MILITARY 
              AVIATION AND INSTALLATION ASSURANCE CLEARINGHOUSE.

    Section 183a(c)(2) of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) by striking ``If the Clearinghouse'' and inserting 
        ``(A) If the Clearinghouse''; and
            (2) by adding at the end the following new subparagraphs:
            ``(B) After the Clearinghouse issues a notice under 
        subparagraph (A) with respect to an energy project, the parties 
        should seek to identify feasible and affordable actions that 
        can be taken by the Department, the developer of such energy 
        project, or others to mitigate any adverse impact on military 
        operations and readiness.
            ``(C) If the Secretary determines within a reasonable 
        period of time after the issuance of a notice under 
        subparagraph (A) with respect to an energy project that the 
        concerns identified in the preliminary review conducted under 
        paragraph (1) with respect to such project have been mitigated 
        to the extent that such project does not pose an unacceptable 
        level of risk to military operations and readiness, the 
        Clearinghouse shall timely issue a mission compatibility letter 
        to the applicant of such project, the governor of the State in 
        which such project is located, and the Secretary of the finding 
        of the Clearinghouse.''.

SEC. 379. ADJUSTMENT IN AVAILABILITY OF APPROPRIATIONS FOR UNUSUAL COST 
              OVERRUNS AND FOR CHANGES IN SCOPE OF WORK.

    Section 8683 of title 10, United States Code, is amended by adding 
at the end the following new subsection:
    ``(c) Treatment of Amounts Appropriated After End of Period of 
Obligation.--In the application of section 1553(c) of title 31 to funds 
appropriated in the Operation and Maintenance, Navy account that are 
available for ship overhaul, the Secretary of the Navy--
            ``(1) may treat the limitation specified in paragraph (1) 
        of such section to be `$10,000,000' rather than `$4,000,000'; 
        and
            ``(2) may treat the limitation specified in paragraph (2) 
        of such section to be `$30,000,000' rather than 
        `$25,000,000'.''.

SEC. 380. REQUIREMENT THAT SECRETARY OF DEFENSE IMPLEMENT SECURITY AND 
              EMERGENCY RESPONSE RECOMMENDATIONS RELATING TO ACTIVE 
              SHOOTER OR TERRORIST ATTACKS ON INSTALLATIONS OF 
              DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE.

    (a) Requirement.--Not later than 90 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall implement the 
applicable security and emergency response recommendations relating to 
active shooter or terrorist attacks on installations of the Department 
of Defense made in the following reports:
            (1) The report by the Government Accountability Office 
        dated July 2015 entitled, ``Insider Threats: DOD Should Improve 
        Information Sharing and Oversight to Protect U.S. 
        Installations'' (GAO-15-543).
            (2) The report prepared by the Department of the Navy 
        relating to the Washington Navy Yard shooting in 2013.
            (3) The report by the Department of the Army dated August 
        2010 entitled ``Fort Hood, Army Internal Review Team: Final 
        Report''.
            (4) The independent review by the Department of Defense 
        dated January 2010 entitled ``Protecting the Force: Lessons 
        from Fort Hood''.
            (5) The report by the Department of the Air Force dated 
        October 2010 entitled ``Air Force Follow-On Review: Protecting 
        the Force: Lessons from Fort Hood''.
    (b) Notification of Inapplicable Recommendations.--
            (1) In general.--If the Secretary determines that a 
        recommendation described in subsection (a) is outdated, is no 
        longer applicable, or has been superseded by more recent 
        separate guidance or recommendations set forth by the 
        Government Accountability Office, the Department of Defense, or 
        another entity in related contracted review, the Secretary 
        shall notify the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and 
        the House of Representatives not later than 45 days after the 
        date of the enactment of this Act.
            (2) Identification and justification.--The notification 
        under paragraph (1) shall include an identification, set forth 
        by report specified in subsection (a), of each recommendation 
        that the Secretary determines should not be implemented, with a 
        justification for each such determination.

SEC. 381. CLARIFICATION OF FOOD INGREDIENT REQUIREMENTS FOR FOOD OR 
              BEVERAGES PROVIDED BY THE DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE.

    (a) In General.--Before making any final rule, statement, or 
determination regarding the limitation or prohibition of any food or 
beverage ingredient in military food service, military medical foods, 
commissary food, or commissary food service, the Secretary of Defense 
shall publish in the Federal Register a notice of a preliminary rule, 
statement, or determination (in this section referred to as a 
``proposed action'') and provide opportunity for public comment.
    (b) Matters To Be Included.--The Secretary shall include in any 
notice published under subsection (a) the following:
            (1) The date of the notice.
            (2) Contact information for the appropriate office at the 
        Department of Defense.
            (3) A summary of the notice.
            (4) A date for comments to be submitted and specific 
        methods for submitting comments.
            (5) A description of the substance of the proposed action.
            (6) Findings and a statement of reasons supporting the 
        proposed action.

              TITLE IV--MILITARY PERSONNEL AUTHORIZATIONS

                       Subtitle A--Active Forces

SEC. 401. END STRENGTHS FOR ACTIVE FORCES.

    The Armed Forces are authorized strengths for active duty personnel 
as of September 30, 2021, as follows:
            (1) The Army, 485,000.
            (2) The Navy, 346,730.
            (3) The Marine Corps, 180,000.
            (4) The Air Force, 333,475.

SEC. 402. END STRENGTH LEVEL MATTERS.

    (a) Strength Levels to Support Two Major Regional Contingencies.--
            (1) In general.--Section 691 of title 10, United States 
        Code, is repealed.
            (2) Table of sections.--The table of sections at the 
        beginning of chapter 39 of such title is amended by striking 
        the item relating to section 691.
    (b) Certain Active-duty and Selected Reserve Strengths.--Section 
115 of such title is amended--
            (1) in subsection (f)(1), by striking ``increase'' and 
        inserting ``vary''; and
            (2) in subsection (g)(1)(A), by striking ``increase'' and 
        inserting ``vary''.

                       Subtitle B--Reserve Forces

SEC. 411. END STRENGTHS FOR SELECTED RESERVE.

    (a) In General.--The Armed Forces are authorized strengths for 
Selected Reserve personnel of the reserve components as of September 
30, 2021, as follows:
            (1) The Army National Guard of the United States, 336,500.
            (2) The Army Reserve, 189,800.
            (3) The Navy Reserve, 58,800.
            (4) The Marine Corps Reserve, 38,500.
            (5) The Air National Guard of the United States, 108,100.
            (6) The Air Force Reserve, 70,300.
            (7) The Coast Guard Reserve, 7,000.
    (b) End Strength Reductions.--The end strengths prescribed by 
subsection (a) for the Selected Reserve of any reserve component shall 
be proportionately reduced by--
            (1) the total authorized strength of units organized to 
        serve as units of the Selected Reserve of such component which 
        are on active duty (other than for training) at the end of the 
        fiscal year; and
            (2) the total number of individual members not in units 
        organized to serve as units of the Selected Reserve of such 
        component who are on active duty (other than for training or 
        for unsatisfactory participation in training) without their 
        consent at the end of the fiscal year.
    (c) End Strength Increases.--Whenever units or individual members 
of the Selected Reserve of any reserve component are released from 
active duty during any fiscal year, the end strength prescribed for 
such fiscal year for the Selected Reserve of such reserve component 
shall be increased proportionately by the total authorized strengths of 
such units and by the total number of such individual members.

SEC. 412. END STRENGTHS FOR RESERVES ON ACTIVE DUTY IN SUPPORT OF THE 
              RESERVES.

    Within the end strengths prescribed in section 411(a), the reserve 
components of the Armed Forces are authorized, as of September 30, 
2021, the following number of Reserves to be serving on full-time 
active duty or full-time duty, in the case of members of the National 
Guard, for the purpose of organizing, administering, recruiting, 
instructing, or training the reserve components:
            (1) The Army National Guard of the United States, 30,595.
            (2) The Army Reserve, 16,511.
            (3) The Navy Reserve, 10,215.
            (4) The Marine Corps Reserve, 2,386.
            (5) The Air National Guard of the United States, 25,333.
            (6) The Air Force Reserve, 5,256.

SEC. 413. END STRENGTHS FOR MILITARY TECHNICIANS (DUAL STATUS).

    (a) In General.--The authorized number of military technicians 
(dual status) as of the last day of fiscal year 2021 for the reserve 
components of the Army and the Air Force (notwithstanding section 129 
of title 10, United States Code) shall be the following:
            (1) For the Army National Guard of the United States, 
        22,294.
            (2) For the Army Reserve, 6,492.
            (3) For the Air National Guard of the United States, 
        10,994.
            (4) For the Air Force Reserve, 7,947.
    (b) Limitation.--Under no circumstances may a military technician 
(dual status) employed under the authority of this section be coerced 
by a State into accepting an offer of realignment or conversion to any 
other military status, including as a member of the Active, Guard, and 
Reserve program of a reserve component. If a military technician (dual 
status) declines to participate in such realignment or conversion, no 
further action will be taken against the individual or the individual's 
position.

SEC. 414. MAXIMUM NUMBER OF RESERVE PERSONNEL AUTHORIZED TO BE ON 
              ACTIVE DUTY FOR OPERATIONAL SUPPORT.

    During fiscal year 2021, the maximum number of members of the 
reserve components of the Armed Forces who may be serving at any time 
on full-time operational support duty under section 115(b) of title 10, 
United States Code, is the following:
            (1) The Army National Guard of the United States, 17,000.
            (2) The Army Reserve, 13,000.
            (3) The Navy Reserve, 6,200.
            (4) The Marine Corps Reserve, 3,000.
            (5) The Air National Guard of the United States, 16,000.
            (6) The Air Force Reserve, 14,000.

SEC. 415. SEPARATE AUTHORIZATION BY CONGRESS OF MINIMUM END STRENGTHS 
              FOR NON-TEMPORARY MILITARY TECHNICIANS (DUAL STATUS) AND 
              MAXIMUM END STRENGTHS FOR TEMPORARY MILITARY TECHNICIANS 
              (DUAL STATUS).

    (a) In General.--Section 115(d) of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended--
            (1) in the first sentence, by striking ``the end strength 
        for military technicians (dual status)'' and inserting ``both 
        the minimum end strength for non-temporary military technicians 
        (dual status) and the maximum end strength for temporary 
        military technicians (dual status)''; and
            (2) in the third sentence, by striking ``the end strength 
        requested for military technicians (dual status)'' and 
        inserting ``the minimum end strength for non-temporary military 
        technicians (dual status), and the maximum end strength for 
        temporary military technicians (dual status), requested''.
    (b) Effective Date.--The amendments made by subsection (a) shall 
take effect on the day after the date of the enactment of this Act. The 
amendment made by subsection (a)(2) shall apply with respect to budgets 
submitted by the President to Congress under section 1105 of title 31, 
United States Code, after such effective date.

              Subtitle C--Authorization of Appropriations

SEC. 421. MILITARY PERSONNEL.

    (a) Authorization of Appropriations.--Funds are hereby authorized 
to be appropriated for fiscal year 2021 for the use of the Armed Forces 
and other activities and agencies of the Department of Defense for 
expenses, not otherwise provided for, for military personnel, as 
specified in the funding table in section 4401.
    (b) Construction of Authorization.--The authorization of 
appropriations in subsection (a) supersedes any other authorization of 
appropriations (definite or indefinite) for such purpose for fiscal 
year 2021.

                   TITLE V--MILITARY PERSONNEL POLICY

                  Subtitle A--Officer Personnel Policy

SEC. 501. REPEAL OF CODIFIED SPECIFICATION OF AUTHORIZED STRENGTHS OF 
              CERTAIN COMMISSIONED OFFICERS ON ACTIVE DUTY.

    Effective as of October 1, 2021, the text of section 523 of title 
10, United States Code, is amended to read as follows:
    ``The total number of commissioned officers serving on active duty 
in the Army, Air Force, or Marine Corps in each of the grades of major, 
lieutenant colonel, or colonel, or in the Navy in each of the grades of 
lieutenant commander, commander, or captain, at the end of any fiscal 
year shall be as specifically authorized by Act of Congress for such 
fiscal year.''.

SEC. 502. TEMPORARY EXPANSION OF AVAILABILITY OF ENHANCED CONSTRUCTIVE 
              SERVICE CREDIT IN A PARTICULAR CAREER FIELD UPON ORIGINAL 
              APPOINTMENT AS A COMMISSIONED OFFICER.

    (a) Regular Officers.--Subparagraph (D) of section 533(b)(1) of 
title 10, United States Code, is amended to read as follows:
            ``(D) Additional credit as follows:
                    ``(i) For special training or experience in a 
                particular officer field as designated by the Secretary 
                concerned, if such training or experience is directly 
                related to the operational needs of the armed force 
                concerned.
                    ``(ii) During fiscal years 2021 through 2025, for 
                advanced education in an officer field so designated, 
                if such education is directly related to the 
                operational needs of the armed force concerned.''.
    (b) Reserve Officers.--Section 12207(b)(1) of such title is 
amended--
            (1) in the matter preceding subparagraph (A), ``or a 
        designation in'' and all that follows through ``education or 
        training,'' and inserting ``and who has special training or 
        experience, or advanced education (if applicable),''; and
            (2) by striking subparagraph (D) and inserting the 
        following new subparagraph:
            ``(D) Additional credit as follows:
                    ``(i) For special training or experience in a 
                particular officer field as designated by the Secretary 
                concerned, if such training or experience is directly 
                related to the operational needs of the armed force 
                concerned.
                    ``(ii) During fiscal years 2021 through 2025, for 
                advanced education in an officer field so designated, 
                if such education is directly related to the 
                operational needs of the armed force concerned.''.
    (c) Annual Report.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than February 1, 2022, and every 
        four years thereafter, each Secretary of a military department 
        shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate 
        and the House of Representatives a report on the use of the 
        authorities in subparagraph (D) of section 553(b)(1) of title 
        10, United States Code (as amended by subsection (a)), and 
        subparagraph (D) of section 12207(b)(1) of such title (as 
        amended by subsection (b)) (each referred to in this subsection 
        as a ``constructive credit authority'') during the preceding 
        fiscal year for the Armed Forces under the jurisdiction of such 
        Secretary.
            (2) Elements.--Each report under paragraph (1) shall 
        include, for the fiscal year and Armed Forces covered by such 
        report, the following:
                    (A) The manner in which constructive service credit 
                was calculated under each constructive credit 
                authority.
                    (B) The number of officers credited constructive 
                service credit under each constructive credit 
                authority.
                    (C) A description and assessment of the utility of 
                the constructive credit authorities in meeting the 
                operational needs of the Armed Force concerned.
                    (D) Such other matters in connection with the 
                constructive credit authorities as the Secretary of the 
                military department concerned considers appropriate.

SEC. 503. REQUIREMENT FOR PROMOTION SELECTION BOARD RECOMMENDATION OF 
              HIGHER PLACEMENT ON PROMOTION LIST OF OFFICERS OF 
              PARTICULAR MERIT.

    (a) In General.--Section 616(g) of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended--
            (1) in paragraph (1)--
                    (A) by striking ``may'' and inserting ``shall''; 
                and
                    (B) by inserting ``, pursuant to guidelines and 
                procedures prescribed by the Secretary,'' after 
                ``officers of particular merit''; and
            (2) in paragraph (3), by inserting ``, pursuant to 
        guidelines and procedures prescribed by the Secretary 
        concerned,'' after ``shall recommend''.
    (b) Effective Date.--The amendments made by subsection (a) shall 
take effect on the date of the enactment of this Act, and shall apply 
with respect to officers recommended for promotion by promotion 
selection boards convened on or after that date.

SEC. 504. SPECIAL SELECTION REVIEW BOARDS FOR REVIEW OF PROMOTION OF 
              OFFICERS SUBJECT TO ADVERSE INFORMATION IDENTIFIED AFTER 
              RECOMMENDATION FOR PROMOTION AND RELATED MATTERS.

    (a) Regular Officers.--
            (1) In general.--Subchapter III of chapter 36 of title 10, 
        United States Code, is amended by inserting after section 628 
        the following new section:
``Sec. 628a. Special selection review boards
    ``(a) In General.--(1) If the Secretary of the military department 
concerned determines that a person recommended by a promotion board for 
promotion to a grade at or below the grade of major general, rear 
admiral in the Navy, or an equivalent grade in the Space Force is the 
subject of credible information of an adverse nature, including any 
substantiated adverse finding or conclusion described in section 
615(a)(3)(A) of this title, that was not furnished to the promotion 
board during its consideration of the person for promotion as otherwise 
required by such section, the Secretary shall convene a special 
selection review board under this section to review the person and 
recommend whether the recommendation for promotion of the person should 
be sustained.
    ``(2) If a person and the recommendation for promotion of the 
person is subject to review under this section by a special selection 
review board convened under this section, the name of the person--
            ``(A) shall not be disseminated or publicly released on the 
        list of officers recommended for promotion by the promotion 
        board recommending the promotion of the person; and
            ``(B) shall not be forwarded to the Secretary of Defense, 
        the President, or the Senate, as applicable, or included on a 
        promotion list under section 624(a) of this title.
    ``(b) Convening.--(1) Any special selection review board convened 
under this section shall be convened in accordance with the provisions 
of section 628(f) of this title.
    ``(2) Any special selection review board convened under this 
section may review such number of persons, and recommendations for 
promotion of such persons, as the Secretary of the military department 
concerned shall specify in convening such special selection review 
board.
    ``(c) Information Considered.--(1) In reviewing a person and 
recommending whether the recommendation for promotion of the person 
should be sustained under this section, a special selection review 
board convened under this section shall be furnished and consider the 
following:
            ``(A) The record and information concerning the person 
        furnished in accordance with section 615(a)(2) of this title to 
        the promotion board that recommended the person for promotion.
            ``(B) Any credible information of an adverse nature on the 
        person, including any substantiated adverse finding or 
        conclusion from an officially documented investigation or 
        inquiry described in section 615(a)(3)(A) of this title.
    ``(2) The furnishing of information to a special selection review 
board under paragraph (1)(B) shall be governed by the standards and 
procedures referred to in paragraph (3)(C) of section 615(a) of this 
title applicable to the furnishing of information described in 
paragraph (3)(A) of such section to selection boards in accordance with 
that section.
    ``(3)(A) Before information on a person described in paragraph 
(1)(B) is furnished to a special selection review board for purposes of 
this section, the Secretary of the military department concerned shall 
ensure that--
            ``(i) such information is made available to the person; and
            ``(ii) subject to subparagraphs (C) and (D), the person is 
        afforded a reasonable opportunity to submit comments on such 
        information to the special selection review board before its 
        review of the person and the recommendation for promotion of 
        the person under this section.
    ``(B) If information on a person described in paragraph (1)(B) is 
not made available to the person as otherwise required by subparagraph 
(A)(i) due to the classification status of such information, the person 
shall, to the maximum extent practicable, be furnished a summary of 
such information appropriate to the person's authorization for access 
to classified information.
    ``(C)(i) An opportunity to submit comments on information is not 
required for a person under subparagraph (A)(ii) if--
            ``(I) such information was made available to the person in 
        connection with the furnishing of such information under 
        section 615(a) of this title to the promotion board that 
        recommended the promotion of the person subject to review under 
        this section; and
            ``(II) the person submitted comments on such information to 
        that promotion board.
    ``(ii) The comments on information of a person described in clause 
(i)(II) shall be furnished to the special selection review board.
    ``(D) A person may waive either or both of the following:
            ``(i) The right to submit comments to a special selection 
        review board under subparagraph (A)(ii).
            ``(ii) The furnishing of comments to a special selection 
        review board under subparagraph (C)(ii).
    ``(d) Consideration.--(1) In considering the record and information 
on a person under this section, the special selection review board 
shall compare such record and information with an appropriate sampling 
of the records of those officers of the same competitive category who 
were recommended for promotion by the promotion board that recommended 
the person for promotion, and an appropriate sampling of the records of 
those officers who were considered by and not recommended for promotion 
by that promotion board.
    ``(2) Records and information shall be presented to a special 
selection review board for purposes of paragraph (1) in a manner that 
does not indicate or disclose the person or persons for whom the 
special selection review board was convened.
    ``(3) In considering whether the recommendation for promotion of a 
person should be sustained under this section, a special selection 
review board shall, to the greatest extent practicable, apply standards 
used by the promotion board that recommended the person for promotion.
    ``(4) The recommendation for promotion of a person may be sustained 
under this section only if the special selection review board 
determines that the person--
            ``(A) ranks on an order of merit created by the special 
        selection review board as better qualified for promotion than 
        the sample officer highest on the order of merit list who was 
        considered by and not recommended for promotion by the 
        promotion board concerned; and
            ``(B) is comparable in qualification for promotion to those 
        sample officers who were recommended for promotion by that 
        promotion board.
    ``(5) A recommendation for promotion of a person may be sustained 
under this section only by a vote of a majority of the members of the 
special selection review board.
    ``(6) If a special selection review board does not sustain a 
recommendation for promotion of a person under this section, the person 
shall be considered to have failed of selection for promotion.
    ``(e) Reports.--(1) Each special selection review board convened 
under this section shall submit to the Secretary of the military 
department concerned a written report, signed by each member of the 
board, containing the name of each person whose recommendation for 
promotion it recommends for sustainment and certifying that the board 
has carefully considered the record and information of each person 
whose name was referred to it.
    ``(2) The provisions of sections 617(b) and 618 of this title apply 
to the report and proceedings of a special selection review board 
convened under this section in the same manner as they apply to the 
report and proceedings of a promotion board convened under section 
611(a) of this title.
    ``(f) Appointment of Persons.--(1) If the report of a special 
selection review board convened under this section recommends the 
sustainment of the recommendation for promotion to the next higher 
grade of a person whose name was referred to it for review under this 
section, and the President approves the report, the person shall, as 
soon as practicable, be appointed to that grade in accordance with 
subsections (b) and (c) of section 624 of this title.
    ``(2) A person who is appointed to the next higher grade as 
described in paragraph (1) shall, upon that appointment, have the same 
date of rank, the same effective date for the pay and allowances of 
that grade, and the same position on the active-duty list as the person 
would have had pursuant to the original recommendation for promotion of 
the promotion board concerned.
    ``(g) Regulations.--(1) The Secretary of Defense shall prescribe 
regulations to carry out this section. Such regulations shall apply 
uniformly across the military departments.
    ``(2) Any regulation prescribed by the Secretary of a military 
department to supplement the regulations prescribed pursuant to 
paragraph (1) may not take effect without the approval of the Secretary 
of Defense, in writing.
    ``(h) Promotion Board Defined.--In this section, the term 
`promotion board 'means a selection board convened by the Secretary of 
a military department under section 611(a) of this title.''.
            (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at the 
        beginning of subchapter III of chapter 36 of such title is 
        amended by inserting after the item relating to section 628 the 
        following new item:

``628a. Special selection review boards.''.
            (3) Delay in promotion.--Section 624(d) of such title is 
        amended--
                    (A) in paragraph (1)--
                            (i) in subparagraph (D), by striking ``or'' 
                        at the end;
                            (ii) in subparagraph (E), by striking the 
                        period at the end and inserting ``; or''; and
                            (iii) by inserting after subparagraph (E) 
                        the following new subparagraph (F):
            ``(F) the Secretary of the military department concerned 
        determines that credible information of an adverse nature, 
        including a substantiated adverse finding or conclusion 
        described in section 615(a)(3)(A) of this title, with respect 
        to the officer will result in the convening of a special 
        selection review board under section 628a of this title to 
        review the officer and recommend whether the recommendation for 
        promotion of the officer should be sustained.'';
                    (B) by redesignating paragraphs (3) and (4) as 
                paragraphs (4) and (5), respectively;
                    (C) by inserting after paragraph (2) the following 
                new paragraph (3):
    ``(3) In the case of an officer whose promotion is delayed pursuant 
to paragraph (1)(F) and whose recommendation for promotion is 
sustained, authorities for the promotion of the officer are specified 
in section 628a(f) of this title.''; and
                    (D) in paragraph (4), as redesignated by 
                subparagraph (B)--
                            (i) by striking ``The appointment'' and 
                        inserting ``(A) Except as provided in 
                        subparagraph (B), the appointment''; and
                            (ii) by adding at the end the following new 
                        subparagraph:
    ``(B) In the case of an officer whose promotion is delayed pursuant 
to paragraph (1)(F), requirements applicable to notice and opportunity 
for response to such delay are specified in section 628a(c)(3) of this 
title.''.
    (b) Reserve Officers.--
            (1) In general.--Chapter 1407 of title 10, United States 
        Code, is amended by inserting after section 14502 the following 
        new section:
``Sec. 14502a. Special selection review boards
    ``(a) In General.--(1) If the Secretary of the military department 
concerned determines that a person recommended by a promotion board for 
promotion to a grade at or below the grade of major general or rear 
admiral in the Navy is the subject of credible information of an 
adverse nature, including any substantiated adverse finding or 
conclusion described in section 14107(a)(3)(A) of this title, that was 
not furnished to the promotion board during its consideration of the 
person for promotion as otherwise required by such section, the 
Secretary shall convene a special selection review board under this 
section to review the person and recommend whether the recommendation 
for promotion of the person should be sustained.
    ``(2) If a person and the recommendation for promotion of the 
person is subject to review under this section by a special selection 
review board convened under this section, the name of the person--
            ``(A) shall not be disseminated or publicly released on the 
        list of officers recommended for promotion by the promotion 
        board recommending the promotion of the person; and
            ``(B) shall not be forwarded to the Secretary of Defense, 
        the President, or the Senate, as applicable, or included on a 
        promotion list under section 14308(a) of this title.
    ``(b) Convening.--(1) Any special selection review board convened 
under this section shall be convened in accordance with the provisions 
of section 14502(b)(2) of this title.
    ``(2) Any special selection review board convened under this 
section may review such number of persons, and recommendations for 
promotion of such persons, as the Secretary of the military department 
concerned shall specify in convening such special selection review 
board.
    ``(c) Information Considered.--(1) In reviewing a person and 
recommending whether the recommendation for promotion of the person 
should be sustained under this section, a special selection review 
board convened under this section shall be furnished and consider the 
following:
            ``(A) The record and information concerning the person 
        furnished in accordance with section 14107(a)(2) of this title 
        to the promotion board that recommended the person for 
        promotion.
            ``(B) Any credible information of an adverse nature on the 
        person, including any substantiated adverse finding or 
        conclusion from an officially documented investigation or 
        inquiry described in section 14107(a)(3)(A) of this title.
    ``(2) The furnishing of information to a special selection review 
board under paragraph (1)(B) shall be governed by the standards and 
procedures referred to in paragraph (3)(B) of section 14107(a) of this 
title applicable to the furnishing of information described in 
paragraph (3)(A) of such section to promotion boards in accordance with 
that section.
    ``(3)(A) Before information on person described in paragraph (1)(B) 
is furnished to a special selection review board for purposes of this 
section, the Secretary of the military department concerned shall 
ensure that--
            ``(i) such information is made available to the person; and
            ``(ii) subject to subparagraphs (C) and (D), the person is 
        afforded a reasonable opportunity to submit comments on such 
        information to the special selection review board before its 
        review of the person and the recommendation for promotion of 
        the person under this section.
    ``(B) If information on an officer described in paragraph (1)(B) is 
not made available to the person as otherwise required by subparagraph 
(A)(i) due to the classification status of such information, the person 
shall, to the maximum extent practicable, be furnished a summary of 
such information appropriate to the person's authorization for access 
to classified information.
    ``(C)(i) An opportunity to submit comments on information is not 
required for a person under subparagraph (A)(ii) if--
            ``(I) such information was made available to the person in 
        connection with the furnishing of such information under 
        section 14107(a) of this title to the promotion board that 
        recommended the promotion of the person subject to review under 
        this section; and
            ``(II) the person submitted comments on such information to 
        that promotion board.
    ``(ii) The comments on information of a person described in clause 
(i)(II) shall be furnished to the special selection review board.
    ``(D) A person may waive either or both of the following:
            ``(i) The right to submit comments to a special selection 
        review board under subparagraph (A)(ii).
            ``(ii) The furnishing of comments to a special selection 
        review board under subparagraph (C)(ii).
    ``(d) Consideration.--(1) In considering the record and information 
on a person under this section, the special selection review board 
shall compare such record and information with an appropriate sampling 
of the records of those officers of the same competitive category who 
were recommended for promotion by the promotion board that recommended 
the person for promotion, and an appropriate sampling of the records of 
those officers who were considered by and not recommended for promotion 
by that promotion board.
    ``(2) Records and information shall be presented to a special 
selection review board for purposes of paragraph (1) in a manner that 
does not indicate or disclose the person or persons for whom the 
special selection review board was convened.
    ``(3) In considering whether the recommendation for promotion of a 
person should be sustained under this section, a special selection 
review board shall, to the greatest extent practicable, apply standards 
used by the promotion board that recommended the person for promotion.
    ``(4) The recommendation for promotion of a person may be sustained 
under this section only if the special selection review board 
determines that the person--
            ``(A) ranks on an order of merit created by the special 
        selection review board as better qualified for promotion than 
        the sample officer highest on the order of merit list who was 
        considered by and not recommended for promotion by the 
        promotion board concerned; and
            ``(B) is comparable in qualification for promotion to those 
        sample officers who were recommended for promotion by that 
        promotion board.
    ``(5) A recommendation for promotion of a person may be sustained 
under this section only by a vote of a majority of the members of the 
special selection review board.
    ``(6) If a special selection review board does not sustain a 
recommendation for promotion of a person under this section, the person 
shall be considered to have failed of selection for promotion.
    ``(e) Reports.--(1) Each special selection review board convened 
under this section shall submit to the Secretary of the military 
department concerned a written report, signed by each member of the 
board, containing the name of each person whose recommendation for 
promotion it recommends for sustainment and certifying that the board 
has carefully considered the record and information of each person 
whose name was referred to it.
    ``(2) The provisions of sections 14109(c), 14110, and 14111 of this 
title apply to the report and proceedings of a special selection review 
board convened under this section in the same manner as they apply to 
the report and proceedings of a promotion board convened under section 
14101(a) of this title.
    ``(f) Appointment of Persons.--(1) If the report of a special 
selection review board convened under this section recommends the 
sustainment of the recommendation for promotion to the next higher 
grade of a person whose name was referred to it for review under this 
section, and the President approves the report, the person shall, as 
soon as practicable, be appointed to that grade in accordance with 
section 14308 of this title.
    ``(2) A person who is appointed to the next higher grade as 
described in paragraph (1) shall, upon that appointment, have the same 
date of rank, the same effective date for the pay and allowances of 
that grade, and the same position on the reserve active-status list as 
the person would have had pursuant to the original recommendation for 
promotion of the promotion board concerned.
    ``(g) Regulations.--(1) The Secretary of Defense shall prescribe 
regulations to carry out this section. Such regulations shall apply 
uniformly across the military departments.
    ``(2) Any regulation prescribed by the Secretary of a military 
department to supplement the regulations prescribed pursuant to 
paragraph (1) may not take effect without the approval of the Secretary 
of Defense, in writing.
    ``(h) Promotion Board Defined.--In this section, the term 
`promotion board 'means a selection board convened by the Secretary of 
a military department under section 14101(a) of this title.''.
            (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at the 
        beginning of chapter 1407 of such title is amended by inserting 
        after the item relating to section 14502 the following new 
        item:

``14502a. Special selection review boards.''.
            (3) Delay in promotion.--Section 14311 of such title is 
        amended--
                    (A) in subsection (a)--
                            (i) in paragraph (1), by adding at the end 
                        the following new subparagraph:
            ``(F) The Secretary of the military department concerned 
        determines that credible information of adverse nature, 
        including a substantiated adverse finding or conclusion 
        described in section 14107(a)(3)(A) of this title, with respect 
        to the officer will result in the convening of a special 
        selection review board under section 14502a of this title to 
        review the officer and recommend whether the recommendation for 
        promotion of the officer should be sustained.''; and
                            (ii) by adding at the end the following new 
                        paragraph:
    ``(2) In the case of an officer whose promotion is delayed pursuant 
to paragraph (1)(F) and whose recommendation for promotion is 
sustained, authorities for the promotion of the officer are specified 
in section 14502a(f) of this title.''; and
                    (B) in subsection (c), by adding at the end the 
                following new paragraph:
    ``(3) Notwithstanding paragraphs (1) and (2), in the case of an 
officer whose promotion is delayed pursuant to subsection (a)(1)(F), 
requirements applicable to notice and opportunity for response to such 
delay are specified in section 14502a(c)(3) of this title.''.
    (c) Requirements for Furnishing Adverse Information on Regular 
Officers to Promotion Selection Boards.--
            (1) Extension of requirements to space force regular 
        officers.--Subparagraph (B)(i) of section 615(a)(3) of title 
        10, United States Code, is amended by striking ``or, in the 
        case of the Navy, lieutenant'' and inserting ``, in the case of 
        the Navy, lieutenant, or in the case of the Space Force, the 
        equivalent grade''.
            (2) Satisfaction of requirements through special selection 
        review boards.--Such section is further amended by adding at 
        the end the following new subparagraph:
    ``(D) With respect to the consideration of an officer for promotion 
to a grade at or below major general, in the case of the Navy, rear 
admiral, or, in the case of the Space Force, the equivalent grade, the 
requirements in subparagraphs (A) and (C) may be met through the 
convening and actions of a special selection review board with respect 
to the officer under section 628a of this title.''.
            (3) Delayed applicability of requirements to boards for 
        promotion of officers to non-general and flag officer grades.--
        Subsection (c) of section 502 of the National Defense 
        Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2020 (Public Law 116-92) is 
        amended to read as follows:
    ``(c) Effective Date and Applicability.--
            ``(1) Effective date.--The amendments made by this section 
        shall take effect on December 20, 2019, and shall, except as 
        provided in paragraph (2), apply with respect to the 
        proceedings of promotion selection boards convened under 
        section 611(a) of title 10, United States Code, after that 
        date.
            ``(2) Delayed applicability for boards for promotion to 
        non-general and flag officer grades.--The amendments made this 
        section shall apply with respect to the proceedings of 
        promotion selection boards convened under section 611(a) of 
        title 10, United States Code, for consideration of officers for 
        promotion to a grade below the grade of brigadier general or, 
        in the case of the Navy, rear admiral (lower half), only if 
        such boards are so convened after January 1, 2021.''.
    (d) Requirements for Furnishing Adverse Information on Reserve 
Officers to Promotion Selection Boards.--Section 14107(a)(3) of title 
10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) by inserting ``(A)'' after ``(3)'';
            (2) in subparagraph (A), as designated by paragraph (1), by 
        striking ``colonel, or, in the case of the Navy, captain'' and 
        inserting ``lieutenant colonel, or, in the case of the Navy, 
        commander''; and
            (3) by adding at the end the following new subparagraphs
    ``(B) The standards and procedures referred to in subparagraph (A) 
shall require the furnishing to the selection board, and to each 
individual member of the board, the information described in that 
subparagraph with regard to an officer in a grade specified in that 
subparagraph at each stage or phase of the selection board, concurrent 
with the screening, rating, assessment, evaluation, discussion, or 
other consideration by the board or member of the official military 
personnel file of the officer, or of the officer.
    ``(C) With respect to the consideration of an officer for promotion 
to a grade at or below major general or, in the Navy, rear admiral, the 
requirements in subparagraphs (A) and (B) may be met through the 
convening and actions of a special selection board with respect to the 
officer under section 14502a of this title.''.

SEC. 505. NUMBER OF OPPORTUNITIES FOR CONSIDERATION FOR PROMOTION UNDER 
              ALTERNATIVE PROMOTION AUTHORITY.

    Section 649c of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) by redesignating subsection (d) as subsection (e); and
            (2) by inserting after subsection (c) the following new 
        subsection (d):
    ``(d) Inapplicability of Requirement Relating to Opportunities for 
Consideration for Promotion.--Section 645(1)(A)(i)(I) of this title 
shall not apply to the promotion of officers described in subsection 
(a) to the extent that such section is inconsistent with a number of 
opportunities for promotion specified pursuant to section 649d of this 
title.''.

SEC. 506. MANDATORY RETIREMENT FOR AGE.

    (a) General Rule.--Subsection (a) of section 1251 of title 10, 
United States Code, is amended--
            (1) by inserting ``Space Force,'' after ``or Marine 
        Corps,''; and
            (2) by inserting ``or separated, as specified in subsection 
        (e),'' after ``shall be retired''.
    (b) Deferred Retirement or Separation of Health Professions 
Officers.--Subsection (b) of such section is amended--
            (1) in the subsection heading, by inserting ``or 
        Separation'' after ``Retirement''; and
            (2) in paragraph (1), by inserting ``or separation'' after 
        ``retirement''.
    (c) Deferred Retirement or Separation of Other Officers.--
Subsection (c) of such section is amended--
            (1) in the subsection heading, by striking ``of Chaplains'' 
        and inserting ``or Separation of Other Officers'';
            (2) by inserting ``or separation'' after ``retirement''; 
        and
            (3) by striking ``an officer who is appointed or designated 
        as a chaplain'' and inserting ``any officer other than a health 
        professions officer described in subsection (b)(2)''.
    (d) Retirement or Separation Based on Years of Creditable 
Service.--Such section is further amended by adding at the end the 
following new subsection:
    ``(e) Retirement or Separation Based on Years of Creditable 
Service.--The following rules shall apply to a regular commissioned 
officer who is to be retired or separated under subsection (a):
            ``(1) If the officer has at least 6 but fewer than 20 years 
        of creditable service, the officer shall be separated, with 
        separation pay computed under section 1174(d)(1) of this title.
            ``(2) If the officer has fewer than 6 years of creditable 
        service, the officer shall be separated under subsection 
        (a).''.

SEC. 507. CLARIFYING AND IMPROVING RESTATEMENT OF RULES ON THE RETIRED 
              GRADE OF COMMISSIONED OFFICERS.

    (a) Restatement.--
            (1) In general.--Chapter 69 of title 10, United States 
        Code, is amended by striking section 1370 and inserting the 
        following new sections:
``Sec. 1370. Regular commissioned officers
    ``(a) Retirement in Highest Grade in Which Served Satisfactorily.--
            ``(1) In general.--Unless entitled to a different retired 
        grade under some other provision of law, a commissioned officer 
        (other than a commissioned warrant officer) of the Army, Navy, 
        Air Force, Marine Corps, or Space Force who retires under any 
        provision of law other than chapter 61 or 1223 of this title 
        shall be retired in the highest permanent grade in which such 
        officer is determined to have served on active duty 
        satisfactorily.
            ``(2) Determination of satisfactory service.--The 
        determination of satisfactory service of an officer in a grade 
        under paragraph (1) shall be made as follows:
                    ``(A) By the Secretary of the military department 
                concerned, if the officer is serving in a grade at or 
                below the grade of major general, rear admiral in the 
                Navy, or the equivalent grade in the Space Force.
                    ``(B) By the Secretary of Defense, if the officer 
                is serving or has served in a grade above the grade of 
                major general, rear admiral in the Navy, or the 
                equivalent grade in the Space Force.
            ``(3) Effect of misconduct in lower grade in 
        determination.--If the Secretary of a military department or 
        the Secretary of Defense, as applicable, determines that an 
        officer committed misconduct in a lower grade than the 
        retirement grade otherwise provided for the officer by this 
        section--
                    ``(A) such Secretary may deem the officer to have 
                not served satisfactorily in any grade equal to or 
                higher than such lower grade for purposes of 
                determining the retirement grade of the officer under 
                this section; and
                    ``(B) the grade next lower to such lower grade 
                shall be the retired grade of the officer under this 
                section.
            ``(4) Nature of retirement of certain reserve officers and 
        officers in temporary grades.--A reserve officer, or an officer 
        appointed to a position under section 601 of this title, who is 
        notified that the officer will be released from active duty 
        without the officer's consent and thereafter requests 
        retirement under section 7311, 8323, or 9311 of this title and 
        is retired pursuant to that request is considered for purposes 
        of this section to have been retired involuntarily.
            ``(5) Nature of retirement of certain removed officers.--An 
        officer retired pursuant to section 1186(b)(1) of this title is 
        considered for purposes of this section to have been retired 
        voluntarily.
    ``(b) Retirement of Officers Retiring Voluntarily.--
            ``(1) Service-in-grade requirement.--In order to be 
        eligible for voluntary retirement under any provision of this 
        title in a grade above the grade of captain in the Army, Air 
        Force, or Marine Corps, lieutenant in the Navy, or the 
        equivalent grade in the Space Force, a commissioned officer of 
        the Army, Navy, Air Force, Marine Corps, or Space Force must 
        have served on active duty in that grade for a period of not 
        less than three years, except that--
                    ``(A) subject to subsection (c), the Secretary of 
                Defense may reduce such period to a period of not less 
                than two years for any officer; and
                    ``(B) in the case of an officer to be retired in a 
                grade at or below the grade of major general in the 
                Army, Air Force, or Marine Corps, rear admiral in the 
                Navy, or an equivalent grade in the Space Force, the 
                Secretary of Defense may authorize the Secretary of the 
                military department concerned to reduce such period to 
                a period of not less than two years.
            ``(2) Limitation on delegation.--The authority of the 
        Secretary of Defense in subparagraph (A) of paragraph (1) may 
        not be delegated. The authority of the Secretary of a military 
        department in subparagraph (B) of paragraph (1), as delegated 
        to such Secretary pursuant to such subparagraph, may not be 
        further delegated.
            ``(3) Waiver of requirement.--Subject to subsection (c), 
        the President may waive the application of the service-in-grade 
        requirement in paragraph (1) to officers covered by that 
        paragraph in individual cases involving extreme hardship or 
        exceptional or unusual circumstances. The authority of the 
        President under this paragraph may not be delegated.
            ``(4) Limitation on reduction or waiver of requirement for 
        officers under investigation or pending misconduct.--In the 
        case of an officer to be retired in a grade above the grade of 
        colonel in the Army, Air Force, or Marine Corps, captain in the 
        Navy, or the equivalent grade in the Space Force, the service-
        in-grade requirement in paragraph (1) may not be reduced 
        pursuant to that paragraph, or waived pursuant to paragraph 
        (3), while the officer is under investigation for alleged 
        misconduct or while there is pending the disposition of an 
        adverse personnel action against the officer.
            ``(5) Grade and fiscal year limitations on reduction or 
        waiver of requirements.--The aggregate number of members of an 
        armed force in a grade for whom reductions are made under 
        paragraph (1), and waivers are made under paragraph (3), in a 
        fiscal year may not exceed--
                    ``(A) in the case of officers to be retired in a 
                grade at or below the grade of major in the Army, Air 
                Force, or Marine Corps, lieutenant commander in the 
                Navy, or the equivalent grade in the Space Force, the 
                number equal to two percent of the authorized active-
                duty strength for that fiscal year for officers of that 
                armed force in that grade;
                    ``(B) in the case of officers to be retired in the 
                grade of lieutenant colonel or colonel in the Army, Air 
                Force, or Marine Corps, commander or captain in the 
                Navy, or an equivalent grade in the Space Force, the 
                number equal to four percent of the authorized active-
                duty strength for that fiscal year for officers of that 
                armed force in the applicable grade; or
                    ``(C) in the case of officers to be retired in the 
                grade of brigadier general or major general in the 
                Army, Air Force, or Marine Corps, rear admiral (lower 
                half) or rear admiral in the Navy, or an equivalent 
                grade in the Space Force, the number equal to 10 
                percent of the authorized active-duty strength for that 
                fiscal year for officers of that armed force in the 
                applicable grade.
            ``(6) Notice to congress on reduction or waiver of 
        requirements for general, flag, and equivalent officer 
        grades.--In the case of an officer to be retired in a grade 
        that is a general or flag officer grade, or an equivalent grade 
        in the Space Force, who is eligible to retire in that grade 
        only by reason of an exercise of the authority in paragraph (1) 
        to reduce the service-in-grade requirement in that paragraph, 
        or the authority in paragraph (3) to waive that requirement, 
        the Secretary of Defense or the President, as applicable, 
        shall, not later than 60 days prior to the date on which the 
        officer will be retired in that grade, notify the Committees on 
        Armed Services of the Senate and the House of Representatives 
        of the exercise of the applicable authority with respect to 
        that officer.
            ``(7) Retirement in next lowest grade for officers not 
        meeting requirement.--An officer described in paragraph (1) 
        whose length of service in the highest grade held by the 
        officer while on active duty does not meet the period of the 
        service-in-grade requirement applicable to the officer under 
        this subsection shall, subject to subsection (c), be retired in 
        the next lower grade in which the officer served on active duty 
        satisfactorily, as determined by the Secretary of the military 
        department concerned or the Secretary of Defense, as 
        applicable.
    ``(c) Officers in O-9 and O-10 Grades.--
            ``(1) In general.--An officer of the Army, Navy, Air Force, 
        Marine Corps, or Space Force who is serving or has served in a 
        position of importance and responsibility designated by the 
        President to carry the grade of lieutenant general or general 
        in the Army, Air Force, or Marine Corps, vice admiral or 
        admiral in the Navy, or an equivalent grade in the Space Force 
        under section 601 of this title may be retired in such grade 
        under subsection (a) only after the Secretary of Defense 
        certifies in writing to the President and the Committees on 
        Armed Services of the Senate and the House of Representatives 
        that the officer served on active duty satisfactorily in such 
        grade.
            ``(2) Prohibition on delegation.--The authority of the 
        Secretary of Defense to make a certification with respect to an 
        officer under paragraph (1) may not be delegated.
            ``(3) Requirements in connection with certification.--A 
        certification with respect to an officer under paragraph (1) 
        shall--
                    ``(A) be submitted by the Secretary of Defense such 
                that it is received by the President and the Committees 
                on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of 
                Representatives not later than 60 days prior to the 
                date on which the officer will be retired in the grade 
                concerned;
                    ``(B) include an up-to-date copy of the military 
                biography of the officer; and
                    ``(C) include the statement of the Secretary as to 
                whether or not potentially adverse, adverse, or 
                reportable information regarding the officer was 
                considered by the Secretary in making the 
                certification.
            ``(4) Construction with other notice.--In the case of an 
        officer under paragraph (1) to whom a reduction in the service-
        in-grade requirement under subsection (b)(1) or waiver under 
        subsection (b)(3) applies, the requirement for notification 
        under subsection (b)(6) is satisfied if the notification is 
        included in the certification submitted by the Secretary of 
        Defense under paragraph (1).
    ``(d) Conditional Retirement Grade and Retirement for Officers 
Pending Investigation or Adverse Action.--
            ``(1) In general.--When an officer serving in a grade at or 
        below the grade of major general in the Army, Air Force, or 
        Marine Corps, rear admiral in the Navy, or an equivalent grade 
        in the Space Force is under investigation for alleged 
        misconduct or pending the disposition of an adverse personnel 
        action at the time of retirement, the Secretary of the military 
        department concerned may--
                    ``(A) conditionally determine the highest permanent 
                grade of satisfactory service on active duty of the 
                officer pending completion of the investigation or 
                resolution of the personnel action, as applicable; and
                    ``(B) retire the officer in that conditional grade, 
                subject to subsection (e).
            ``(2) Officers in o-9 and o-10 grades.--When an officer 
        described by subsection (c)(1) is under investigation for 
        alleged misconduct or pending the disposition of an adverse 
        personnel action at the time of retirement, the Secretary of 
        Defense may--
                    ``(A) conditionally determine the highest permanent 
                grade of satisfactory service on active duty of the 
                officer, pending completion of the investigation or 
                personnel action, as applicable; and
                    ``(B) retire the officer in that conditional grade, 
                subject to subsection (e).
            ``(3) Reduction or waiver of service-in-grade requirement 
        prohibited for general, flag, and equivalent officer grades.--
        In conditionally determining the retirement grade of an officer 
        under paragraph (1)(A) or (2)(A) of this subsection to be a 
        grade above the grade of colonel in the Army, Air Force, or 
        Marine Corps, captain in the Navy, or the equivalent grade in 
        the Space Force, the service-in-grade requirement in subsection 
        (b)(1) may not be reduced pursuant to subsection (b)(1) or 
        waived pursuant to subsection (b)(3).
            ``(4) Prohibition on delegation.--The authority of the 
        Secretary of a military department under paragraph (1) may not 
        be delegated. The authority of the Secretary of Defense under 
        paragraph (2) may not be delegated.
    ``(e) Final Retirement Grade Following Resolution of Pending 
Investigation or Adverse Action.--
            ``(1) No change from conditional retirement grade.--If the 
        resolution of an investigation or personnel action with respect 
        to an officer who has been retired in a conditional retirement 
        grade pursuant to subsection (d) results in a determination 
        that the conditional retirement grade in which the officer was 
        retired will not be changed, the conditional retirement grade 
        of the officer shall, subject to paragraph (3), be the final 
        retired grade of the officer.
            ``(2) Change from conditional retirement grade.--If the 
        resolution of an investigation or personnel action with respect 
        to an officer who has been retired in a conditional retirement 
        grade pursuant to subsection (d) results in a determination 
        that the conditional retirement grade in which the officer was 
        retired should be changed, the changed retirement grade shall 
        be the final retired grade of the officer under this section, 
        except that if the final retirement grade provided for an 
        officer pursuant to this paragraph is the grade of lieutenant 
        general or general in the Army, Air Force, or Marine Corps, 
        vice admiral or admiral in the Navy, or an equivalent grade in 
        the Space Force, the requirements in subsection (c) shall apply 
        in connection with the retirement of the officer in such final 
        retirement grade.
            ``(3) Recalculation of retired pay.--
                    ``(A) In general.--If the final retired grade of an 
                officer is as a result of a change under paragraph (2), 
                the retired pay of the officer under chapter 71 of this 
                title shall be recalculated accordingly, with any 
                modification of the retired pay of the officer to go 
                into effect as of the date of the retirement of the 
                officer.
                    ``(B) Payment of higher amount for period of 
                conditional retirement grade.--If the recalculation of 
                the retired pay of an officer results in an increase in 
                retired pay, the officer shall be paid the amount by 
                which such increased retired pay exceeded the amount of 
                retired pay paid the officer for retirement in the 
                officer's conditional grade during the period beginning 
                on the date of the retirement of the officer in such 
                conditional grade and ending on the effective date of 
                the change of the officer's retired grade. For an 
                officer whose retired grade is determined pursuant to 
                subsection (c), the effective date of the change of the 
                officer's retired grade for purposes of this 
                subparagraph shall be the date that is 60 days after 
                the date on which the Secretary of Defense submits to 
                the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the 
                House of Representatives the certification required by 
                subsection (c) in connection with the retired grade of 
                the officer.
                    ``(C) Recoupment of overage during period of 
                conditional retirement grade.--If the recalculation of 
                the retired pay of an officer results in a decrease in 
                retired pay, there shall be recouped from the officer 
                the amount by which the amount of retired pay paid the 
                officer for retirement in the officer's conditional 
                grade exceeded such decreased retired pay during the 
                period beginning on the date of the retirement of the 
                officer in such conditional grade and ending on the 
                effective date of the change of the officer's retired 
                grade.
    ``(f) Finality of Retired Grade Determinations.--
            ``(1) In general.--Except for a conditional determination 
        authorized by subsection (d), a determination of the retired 
        grade of an officer pursuant to this section is 
        administratively final on the day the officer is retired, and 
        may not be reopened, except as provided in paragraph (2).
            ``(2) Reopening.--A final determination of the retired 
        grade of an officer may be reopened as follows:
                    ``(A) If the retirement or retired grade of the 
                officer was procured by fraud.
                    ``(B) If substantial evidence comes to light after 
                the retirement that could have led to determination of 
                a different retired grade under this section if known 
                by competent authority at the time of retirement.
                    ``(C) If a mistake of law or calculation was made 
                in the determination of the retired grade.
                    ``(D) If the applicable Secretary determines, 
                pursuant to regulations prescribed by the Secretary of 
                Defense, that good cause exists to reopen the 
                determination of retired grade.
            ``(3) Applicable secretary.--For purposes of this 
        subsection, the applicable Secretary for purposes of a 
        determination or action specified in this subsection is--
                    ``(A) the Secretary of the military department 
                concerned, in the case of an officer retired in a grade 
                at or below the grade of major general in the Army, Air 
                Force, or Marine Corps, rear admiral in the Navy, or 
                the equivalent grade in the Space Force; or
                    ``(B) the Secretary of Defense, in the case of an 
                officer retired in a grade of lieutenant general or 
                general in the Army, Air Force, or Marine Corps, vice 
                admiral or admiral in the Navy, or an equivalent grade 
                in the Space Force.
            ``(4) Notice and limitation.--If a final determination of 
        the retired grade of an officer is reopened in accordance with 
        paragraph (2), the applicable Secretary--
                    ``(A) shall notify the officer of the reopening; 
                and
                    ``(B) may not make an adverse determination on the 
                retired grade of the officer until the officer has had 
                a reasonable opportunity to respond regarding the basis 
                for the reopening of the officer's retired grade.
            ``(5) Additional notice on reopening for officers retired 
        in o-9 and o-10 grades.--If the determination of the retired 
        grade of an officer whose retired grade was provided for 
        pursuant to subsection (c) is reopened, the Secretary of 
        Defense shall also notify the President and the Committees on 
        Armed Services of the Senate and the House of Representatives.
            ``(6) Manner of making of change.--If the retired grade of 
        an officer is proposed to be changed through the reopening of 
        the final determination of an officer's retired grade under 
        this subsection, the change in grade shall be made--
                    ``(A) in the case of an officer whose retired grade 
                is to be changed to a grade at or below the grade of 
                major general in the Army, Air Force or Marine Corps, 
                rear admiral in the Navy, or the equivalent grade in 
                the Space Force, in accordance with subsections (a) and 
                (b)--
                            ``(i) by the Secretary of Defense (who may 
                        delegate such authority only as authorized by 
                        clause (ii)); or
                            ``(ii) if authorized by the Secretary of 
                        Defense, by the Secretary of the military 
                        department concerned (who may not further 
                        delegate such authority);
                    ``(B) in the case of an officer whose retired grade 
                is to be changed to the grade of lieutenant general or 
                general in the Army, Air Force, or Marine Corps, vice 
                admiral or admiral in the Navy, or an equivalent grade 
                in the Space Force, by the President, by and with the 
                advice and consent of the Senate.
            ``(7) Recalculation of retired pay.--If the final retired 
        grade of an officer is changed through the reopening of the 
        officer's retired grade under this subsection, the retired pay 
        of the officer under chapter 71 of this title shall be 
        recalculated. Any modification of the retired pay of the 
        officer as a result of the change shall go into effect on the 
        effective date of the change of the officer's retired grade, 
        and the officer shall not be entitled or subject to any changed 
        amount of retired pay for any period before such effective 
        date. An officer whose retired grade is changed as provided in 
        paragraph (6)(B) shall not be entitled or subject to a change 
        in retired pay for any period before the date on which the 
        Senate provides advice and consent for the retirement of the 
        officer in such grade.
    ``(g) Highest Permanent Grade Defined.--In this section, the term 
`highest permanent grade' means a grade at or below the grade of major 
general in the Army, Air Force, or Marine Corps, rear admiral in the 
Navy, or an equivalent grade in the Space Force.
``Sec. 1370a. Officers entitled to retired pay for non-regular service
    ``(a) Retirement in Highest Grade Held Satisfactorily.--Unless 
entitled to a different grade, or to credit for satisfactory service in 
a different grade under some other provision of law, a person who is 
entitled to retired pay under chapter 1223 of this title shall, upon 
application under section 12731 of this title, be credited with 
satisfactory service in the highest permanent grade in which that 
person served satisfactorily at any time in the armed forces, as 
determined by the Secretary of the military department concerned in 
accordance with this section.
    ``(b) Service-in-grade Requirement for Officers in Grades Below O-
5.--In order to be credited with satisfactory service in an officer 
grade (other than a warrant officer grade) below the grade of 
lieutenant colonel or commander (in the case of the Navy), a person 
covered by subsection (a) must have served satisfactorily in that grade 
(as determined by the Secretary of the military department concerned) 
as a reserve commissioned officer in an active status, or in a retired 
status on active duty, for not less than six months.
    ``(c) Service-in-grade Requirement for Offices in Grades Above O-
4.--
            ``(1) In general.--In order to be credited with 
        satisfactory service in an officer grade above major or 
        lieutenant commander (in the case of the Navy), a person 
        covered by subsection (a) must have served satisfactorily in 
        that grade (as determined by the Secretary of the military 
        department concerned) as a reserve commissioned officer in an 
        active status, or in a retired status on active duty, for not 
        less than three years.
            ``(2) Satisfaction of requirement by certain officers not 
        completing three years.--A person covered by paragraph (1) who 
        has completed at least six months of satisfactory service in 
        grade may be credited with satisfactory service in the grade in 
        which serving at the time of transfer or discharge, 
        notwithstanding failure of the person to complete three years 
        of service in that grade, if the person is transferred from an 
        active status or discharged as a reserve commissioned officer--
                    ``(A) solely due to the requirements of a 
                nondiscretionary provision of law requiring that 
                transfer or discharge due to the person's age or years 
                of service; or
                    ``(B) because the person no longer meets the 
                qualifications for membership in the Ready Reserve 
                solely because of a physical disability, as determined, 
                at a minimum, by a medical evaluation board and at the 
                time of such transfer or discharge the person (pursuant 
                to section 12731b of this title or otherwise) meets the 
                service requirements established by section 12731(a) of 
                this title for eligibility for retired pay under 
                chapter 1223 of this title, unless the disability is 
                described in section 12731b of this title.
            ``(3) Reduction in service-in-grade requirements.--
                    ``(A) Officers in grades below general and flag 
                officer grades.--In the case of a person to be retired 
                in a grade below brigadier general or rear admiral 
                (lower half) in the Navy, the Secretary of Defense may 
                authorize the Secretary of a military department to 
                reduce, subject to subparagraph (B), the three-year 
                period of service-in-grade required by paragraph (1) to 
                a period not less than two years. The authority of the 
                Secretary of a military department under this 
                subparagraph may not be delegated.
                    ``(B) Limitation.--The number of reserve 
                commissioned officers of an armed force in the same 
                grade for whom a reduction is made under subparagraph 
                (A) during any fiscal year in the period of service-in-
                grade otherwise required by paragraph (1) may not 
                exceed the number equal to 2 percent of the strength 
                authorized for that fiscal year for reserve 
                commissioned officers of that armed force in an active 
                status in that grade.
                    ``(C) Officers in general and flag officers 
                grades.--The Secretary of Defense may reduce the three-
                year period of service-in-grade required by paragraph 
                (1) to a period not less than two years for any person, 
                including a person who, upon transfer to the Retired 
                Reserve or discharge, is to be credited with 
                satisfactory service in a general or flag officer grade 
                under that paragraph. The authority of the Secretary of 
                Defense under this subparagraph may not be delegated.
                    ``(D) Notice to congress on reduction in service-
                in-grade requirements for general and flag officer 
                grades.--In the case of a person to be credited under 
                this section with satisfactory service in a grade that 
                is a general or flag officer grade who is eligible to 
                be credited with such service in that grade only by 
                reason of an exercise of authority in subparagraph (C) 
                to reduce the three-year service-in-grade requirement 
                otherwise applicable under paragraph (1), the Secretary 
                of Defense shall, not later than 60 days prior to the 
                date on which the person will be credited with such 
                satisfactory service in that grade, notify the 
                Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the 
                House of Representatives of the exercise of authority 
                in subparagraph (C) with respect to that person.
            ``(4) Officers serving in grades above o-6 involuntarily 
        transferred from active status.--A person covered by paragraph 
        (1) who has completed at least six months of satisfactory 
        service in a grade above colonel or (in the case of the Navy) 
        captain and, while serving in an active status in such grade, 
        is involuntarily transferred (other than for cause) from active 
        status may be credited with satisfactory service in the grade 
        in which serving at the time of such transfer, notwithstanding 
        failure of the person to complete three years of service in 
        that grade.
            ``(5) Adjutants and assistant adjutants general.--If a 
        person covered by paragraph (1) has completed at least six 
        months of satisfactory service in grade, the person was serving 
        in that grade while serving in a position of adjutant general 
        required under section 314 of title 32 or while serving in a 
        position of assistant adjutant general subordinate to such a 
        position of adjutant general, and the person has failed to 
        complete three years of service in that grade solely because 
        the person's appointment to such position has been terminated 
        or vacated as described in section 324(b) of such title, the 
        person may be credited with satisfactory service in that grade, 
        notwithstanding the failure of the person to complete three 
        years of service in that grade.
            ``(6) Officers recommended for promotion serving in certain 
        grade before promotion.--To the extent authorized by the 
        Secretary of the military department concerned, a person who, 
        after having been recommended for promotion in a report of a 
        promotion board but before being promoted to the recommended 
        grade, served in a position for which that grade is the minimum 
        authorized grade may be credited for purposes of paragraph (1) 
        as having served in that grade for the period for which the 
        person served in that position while in the next lower grade. 
        The period credited may not include any period before the date 
        on which the Senate provides advice and consent for the 
        appointment of that person in the recommended grade.
            ``(7) Officers qualified for federal recognition serving in 
        certain grade before appointment.--To the extent authorized by 
        the Secretary of the military department concerned, a person 
        who, after having been found qualified for Federal recognition 
        in a higher grade by a board under section 307 of title 32, 
        serves in a position for which that grade is the minimum 
        authorized grade and is appointed as a reserve officer in that 
        grade may be credited for the purposes of paragraph (1) as 
        having served in that grade. The period of the service for 
        which credit is afforded under the preceding sentence may be 
        only the period for which the person served in the position 
        after the Senate provides advice and consent for the 
        appointment.
            ``(8) Retirement in next lowest grade for officers not 
        meeting service-in-grade requirements.--A person whose length 
        of service in the highest grade held does not meet the service-
        in-grade requirements specified in this subsection shall be 
        credited with satisfactory service in the next lower grade in 
        which that person served satisfactorily (as determined by the 
        Secretary of the military department concerned) for not less 
        than six months.
    ``(d) Officers in O-9 and O-10 Grades.--
            ``(1) In general.--A person covered by this section in the 
        Army, Navy, Air Force, or Marine Corps who is serving or has 
        served in a position of importance and responsibility 
        designated by the President to carry the grade of lieutenant 
        general or general in the Army, Air Force, or Marine Corps, or 
        vice admiral or admiral in the Navy under section 601 of this 
        title may be retired in such grade under subsection (a) only 
        after the Secretary of Defense certifies in writing to the 
        President and the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate 
        and the House of Representatives that the officer served 
        satisfactorily in such grade.
            ``(2) Prohibition on delegation.--The authority of the 
        Secretary of Defense to make a certification with respect to an 
        officer under paragraph (1) may not be delegated.
            ``(3) Requirements in connection with certification.--A 
        certification with respect to an officer under paragraph (1) 
        shall--
                    ``(A) be submitted by the Secretary of Defense such 
                that it is received by the President and the Committees 
                on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of 
                Representatives not later than 60 days prior to the 
                date on which the officer will be retired in the grade 
                concerned;
                    ``(B) include an up-to-date copy of the military 
                biography of the officer; and
                    ``(C) include the statement of the Secretary as to 
                whether or not potentially adverse, adverse, or 
                reportable information regarding the officer was 
                considered by the Secretary in making the 
                certification.
            ``(4) Construction with other notice.--In the case of an 
        officer under paragraph (1) who is eligible to be credited with 
        service in a grade only by reason of the exercise of the 
        authority in subsection (c)(3)(C) to reduce the three-year 
        service-in-grade requirement under subsection (c)(1), the 
        requirement for notification under subsection (c)(3)(D) is 
        satisfied if the notification is included in the certification 
        submitted by the Secretary of Defense under paragraph (1).
    ``(e) Conditional Retirement Grade and Retirement for Officers 
Under Investigation for Misconduct or Pending Adverse Personnel 
Action.--The retirement grade, and retirement, of a person covered by 
this section who is under investigation for alleged misconduct or 
pending the disposition of an adverse personnel action at the time of 
retirement is as provided for by section 1370(d) of this title. In the 
application of such section 1370(d) for purposes of this subsection, 
any reference `active duty' shall be deemed not to apply, and any 
reference to a provision of section 1370 of this title shall be deemed 
to be a reference to the analogous provision of this section.
    ``(f) Final Retirement Grade Following Resolution of Pending 
Investigation or Adverse Action.--The final retirement grade under this 
section of a person described in subsection (e) following resolution of 
the investigation or personnel action concerned is the final retirement 
grade provided for by section 1370(e) of this title. In the application 
of such section 1370(e) for purposes of this subsection, any reference 
to a provision of section 1370 of this title shall be deemed to be a 
reference to the analogous provision of this section. In the 
application of paragraph (3) of such section 1370e(e) for purposes of 
this subsection, the reference to `chapter 71' of this title shall be 
deemed to be a reference to `chapter 1223 of this title'.
    ``(g) Finality of Retired Grade Determinations.--
            ``(1) In general.--Except for a conditional determination 
        authorized by subsection (e), a determination of the retired 
        grade of a person pursuant to this section is administratively 
        final on the day the person is retired, and may not be 
        reopened.
            ``(2) Reopening.--A determination of the retired grade of a 
        person may be reopened in accordance with applicable provisions 
        of section 1370(f) of this title. In the application of such 
        section 1370(f) for purposes of this subsection, any reference 
        to a provision of section 1370 of this title shall be deemed to 
        be a reference to the analogous provision of this section. In 
        the application of paragraph (7) of such section 1370(f) for 
        purposes of this paragraph, the reference to `chapter 71 of 
        this title' shall be deemed to be a reference to `chapter 1223 
        of this title'.
    ``(h) Highest Permanent Grade Defined.--In this section, the term 
`highest permanent grade' means a grade at or below the grade of major 
general in the Army, Air Force, or Marine Corps or rear admiral in the 
Navy.''.
            (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at the 
        beginning of chapter 69 of title 10, United States Code, is 
        amended by striking the item relating to section 1370 and 
        inserting the following new items:

``1370. Regular commissioned officers.
``1370a. Officers entitled to retired pay for non-regular service.''.
    (b) Conforming and Technical Amendments to Retired Grade Rules for 
the Armed Forces.--
            (1) Retired pay.--Title 10, United States Code, is amended 
        as follows:
                    (A) In section 1406(b)(2), by striking ``section 
                1370(d)'' and inserting ``section 1370a''.
                    (B) In section 1407(f)(2)(B), by striking ``by 
                reason of denial of a determination or certification 
                under section 1370'' and inserting ``pursuant to 
                section 1370 or 1370a''.
            (2) Army.--Section 7341 of such title is amended--
                    (A) by striking subsection (a) and inserting the 
                following new subsection (a):
    ``(a)(1) The retired grade of a regular commissioned officer of the 
Army who retires other than for physical disability is determined under 
section 1370 of this title.
    ``(2) The retired grade of a reserve commissioned officer of the 
Army who retires other than for physical disability is determined under 
section 1370a of this title.''; and
                    (B) in subsection (b)--
                            (i) by striking ``he'' and inserting ``the 
                        member''; and
                            (ii) by striking ``his'' and inserting 
                        ``the member's''.
            (3) Navy and marine corps.--Such title is further amended 
        as follows:
                    (A) In section 8262(a), by striking ``sections 689 
                and 1370'' and inserting ``section 689, and section 
                1370 or 1370a (as applicable),''.
                    (B) In section 8323(c), by striking ``section 1370 
                of this title'' and inserting ``section 1370 or 1370a 
                of this title, as applicable''.
            (4) Air force and space force.--Section 9341 of such title 
        is amended--
                    (A) by striking subsection (a) and inserting the 
                following new subsection (a):
    ``(a)(1) The retired grade of a regular commissioned officer of the 
Air Force or the Space Force who retires other than for physical 
disability is determined under section 1370 of this title.
    ``(2) The retired grade of a reserve commissioned officer of the 
Air Force or the Space Force who retires other than for physical 
disability is determined under section 1370a of this title.''; and
                    (B) in subsection (b)--
                            (i) by inserting ``or a Regular or Reserve 
                        of the Space Force'' after ``Air Force'';
                            (ii) by striking ``he'' and inserting ``the 
                        member''; and
                            (iii) by striking ``his'' and inserting 
                        ``the member's''.
            (5) Reserve officers.--Section 12771 of such title is 
        amended--
                    (A) in subsection (a), by striking ``section 
                1370(d)'' and inserting ``section 1370a of this 
                title''; and
                    (B) in subsection (b)(1), by striking ``section 
                1370(d)'' and inserting ``section 1370a''.
    (c) Other References.--In the determination of the retired grade of 
a commissioned officer of the Armed Forces entitled to retired pay 
under chapter 1223 of title 10, United States Code, who retires after 
the date of the enactment of this Act, any reference in a provision of 
law or regulation to section 1370 of title 10, United States Code, in 
such determination with respect to such officer shall be deemed to be a 
reference to section 1370a of title 10, United States Code (as amended 
by subsection (a)).

SEC. 508. REPEAL OF AUTHORITY FOR ORIGINAL APPOINTMENT OF REGULAR NAVY 
              OFFICERS DESIGNATED FOR ENGINEERING DUTY, AERONAUTICAL 
              ENGINEERING DUTY, AND SPECIAL DUTY.

    (a) Repeal.--Section 8137 of title 10, United States Code, is 
repealed.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning of 
chapter 815 of such title is amended by striking the item relating to 
section 8137.

                Subtitle B--Reserve Component Management

SEC. 511. EXCLUSION OF CERTAIN RESERVE GENERAL AND FLAG OFFICERS ON 
              ACTIVE DUTY FROM LIMITATIONS ON AUTHORIZED STRENGTHS.

    (a) Duty for Certain Reserve Officers Under Joint Duty Limited 
Exclusion.--Subsection (b) of section 526a of title 10, United States 
Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
            ``(3) Duty for certain reserve officers.--Of the officers 
        designated pursuant to paragraph (1), the Chairman of the Joint 
        Chiefs of Staff may designate up to 15 general and flag officer 
        positions in the unified and specified combatant commands, and 
        up to three general and flag officer positions on the Joint 
        Staff, as positions to be held only by reserve officers who are 
        in a general or flag officer grade below lieutenant general or 
        vice admiral. Each position so designated shall be considered 
        to be a joint duty assignment position for purposes of chapter 
        38 of this title.''.
    (b) Reserve Officers on Active Duty for Training or for Less Than 
180 Days.--Such section is further amended--
            (1) by redesignating subsections (c) through (h) as 
        subsections (d) through (i), respectively; and
            (2) by inserting after subsection (b) the following new 
        subsection:
    ``(c) Reserve Officers on Active Duty for Training or for Less Than 
180 Days.--The limitations of this section do not apply to a reserve 
general or flag officer who--
            ``(1) is on active duty for training; or
            ``(2) is on active duty under a call or order specifying a 
        period of less than 180 days.''.

                Subtitle C--General Service Authorities

SEC. 516. INCREASED ACCESS TO POTENTIAL RECRUITS.

    (a) Secondary Schools.--Section 503(c)(1) of title 10, United 
States Code, is amended--
            (1) in subparagraph (A)--
                    (A) in clause (i), by striking ``and'' at the end;
                    (B) in clause (ii), by striking ``and telephone 
                listings,'' and all that follows through the period at 
                the end and inserting ``electronic mail addresses, home 
                telephone numbers, and mobile telephone numbers, 
                notwithstanding subsection (a)(5)(B) or (b) of section 
                444 of the General Education Provisions Act (20 U.S.C. 
                1232g); and''; and
                    (C) by adding at the end the following new clause:
            ``(iii) shall provide information requested pursuant to 
        clause (ii) within a reasonable period of time, but in no event 
        later than 60 days after the date of the request.''; and
            (2) in subparagraph (B), by striking ``and telephone 
        listing'' and inserting ``electronic mail address, home 
        telephone number, or mobile telephone number''.
    (b) Institutions of Higher Education.--Section 983(b) of such title 
is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (1), by striking ``or'' at the end;
            (2) in paragraph (2)--
                    (A) in subparagraph (A), by striking ``and 
                telephone listings'' and inserting ``electronic mail 
                addresses, home telephone numbers, and mobile telephone 
                numbers, which information shall be made available not 
                later than 60 days after the start of classes for the 
                current semester or not later than 60 days after the 
                date of a request, whichever is later''; and
                    (B) in subparagraph (B), by striking the period at 
                the end and inserting ``; or''; and
            (3) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
            ``(3) access by military recruiters for purposes of 
        military recruiting to lists of students (who are 17 years of 
        age or older) not returning to the institution after having 
        been enrolled during the previous semester, together with 
        student recruiting information and the reason why the student 
        did not return, if collected by the institution.''.

SEC. 517. TEMPORARY AUTHORITY TO ORDER RETIRED MEMBERS TO ACTIVE DUTY 
              IN HIGH-DEMAND, LOW-DENSITY ASSIGNMENTS DURING WAR OR 
              NATIONAL EMERGENCY.

    Section 688a of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) by redesignating subsection (g) as subsection (h); and
            (2) by inserting after subsection (f) the following new 
        subsection (g):
    ``(g) Exceptions During Periods of War or National Emergency.--The 
limitations in subsections (c) and (f) shall not apply during a time of 
war or of national emergency declared by Congress or the President.''.

SEC. 518. CERTIFICATE OF RELEASE OR DISCHARGE FROM ACTIVE DUTY (DD FORM 
              214) MATTERS.

    (a) Redesignation as Certificate of Military Service.--
            (1) In general.--Department of Defense Form DD 214, the 
        Certificate of Release or Discharge from Active Duty, is hereby 
        redesignated as the Certificate of Military Service.
            (2) Conforming amendment.--Section 1168(a) of title 10, 
        United States Code, is amended by striking ``discharge 
        certificate or certificate of release from active duty, 
        respectively,'' and inserting ``Certificate of Military 
        Serve''.
            (3) References.--Any reference in a law, regulation, 
        document, paper, or other record of the United States to 
        Department of Defense Form DD 214, the Certificate of Release 
        or Discharge from Active Duty, shall be deemed to be a 
        reference to the Certificate of Military Service.
            (4) Technical amendments.--Such section 1168(a) is further 
        amended--
                    (A) by striking ``until his'' and inserting ``until 
                the member's'';
                    (B) by striking ``his final pay'' and inserting 
                ``the member's final pay''; and
                    (C) by striking ``him or his next of kin'' and 
                inserting ``the member or the member's next of kin''.
            (5) Effective dates.--
                    (A) In general.--Except as provided in subparagraph 
                (B), this subsection and the amendments made by this 
                subsection shall take effect on the date provided for 
                in subsection (d) of section 569 of the National 
                Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2020 (Public 
                Law 116-92), as redesignated by subsection (b)(1)(B) of 
                this section.
                    (B) Technical amendments.--The amendments made by 
                paragraph (4) of this subsection shall take effect on 
                the date of the enactment of this Act.
    (b) Additional Requirements.--
            (1) In general.--Section 569 of the National Defense 
        Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2020 is amended--
                    (A) in subsection (a)--
                            (i) by redesignating paragraphs (1) and (2) 
                        as paragraphs (2) and (4), respectively;
                            (ii) by inserting before paragraph (2), as 
                        redesignated by clause (i), the following new 
                        paragraph (1);
            ``(1) redesignate such form as the Certificate of Military 
        Service;''.
                            (iii) in paragraph (2), as so redesignated, 
                        by striking ``and'' at the end; and
                            (iv) by inserting after paragraph (2), as 
                        so redesignated, the following new paragraph:
            ``(3) provide for a standard total force record of military 
        service for all members of the Armed Forces, including member 
        of the reserve components, that summarizes the record of 
        service for each member; and'';
                    (B) by redesignating subsections (b) and (c) as 
                subsections (d) and (e), respectively;
                    (C) by inserting after subsection (a) the following 
                new subsections:
    ``(b) Issuance to Reserves.--The Secretary of Defense shall provide 
for the issuance of the Certificate of Military Service, as modified 
pursuant to subsection (a), to members of the reserve components of the 
Armed Forces at such times during their military service as is 
appropriate to facilitate their access to benefits under the laws 
administered by the Secretary of Veterans Affairs.
    ``(c) Coordination.--In carrying out this section, the Secretary of 
Defense shall coordinate with the Secretary of Veterans Affairs to 
ensure that the Certificate of Military Service, as modified pursuant 
to subsection (a), is recognized as the Certificate of Military Service 
referred to in section 1168(a) of title 10, United States Code, and for 
the purposes of establishing eligibility for applicable benefits under 
the laws administered by the Secretary of Veterans Affairs.''; and
                    (D) in subsection (d), as redesignated by 
                subparagraph (B), by striking ``a revised Certificate 
                of Release or Discharge from Active Duty (DD Form 214), 
                modified'' and inserting ``the Certificate of Military 
                Service, as modified''.
            (2) Conforming amendment.--The heading of such section 569 
        is amended to read as follows:

``SEC. 569. CERTIFICATE OF RELEASE OR DISCHARGE FROM ACTIVE DUTY (DD 
              FORM 214) MATTERS.''.

            (3) Repeal of superseded requirements.--Section 570 of the 
        National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2020 is 
        repealed.

SEC. 519. EVALUATION OF BARRIERS TO MINORITY PARTICIPATION IN CERTAIN 
              UNITS OF THE ARMED FORCES.

    (a) Findings.--Congress makes the following findings:
            (1) In 1999, the RAND Corporation issued a report entitled 
        ``Barriers to Minority Participation in Special Operations 
        Forces'' that was sponsored by United States Special Operations 
        Command.
            (2) In 2018, the RAND Corporation issued a report entitles 
        ``Understanding Demographic Differences in Undergraduate Pilot 
        Training Attrition'' that was sponsored by the Air Force.
            (3) No significant independent study has been performed by 
        a federally funded research and development center into 
        increasing minority participation in the special operations 
        forces since 1999.
    (b) Study Required.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than 30 days after the date of 
        the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall, 
        acting through the Under Secretary of Defense for Personnel and 
        Readiness, seek to enter into an agreement with a federally 
        funded research and development center.
            (2) Elements.--The evaluation under paragraph (1) shall 
        include the following elements:
                    (A) A description of the racial, ethnic, and gender 
                composition of covered units.
                    (B) A comparison of the participation rates of 
                minority populations in covered units to participation 
                rates of the general population as members and as 
                officers of the Armed Forces.
                    (C) A comparison of the percentage of minority 
                officers in the grade of O-7 or higher who have served 
                in each covered unit to such percentage for all such 
                officers in the Armed Force of that covered unit.
                    (D) An identification of barriers to minority 
                participation in the accession, assessment, and 
                training processes.
                    (E) The status and effectiveness of the response to 
                the recommendations contained in the report referred to 
                in subsection (a)(1) and any follow-up recommendations.
                    (F) Recommendations to increase the numbers of 
                minority officers in the Armed Forces.
                    (G) Recommendations to increase minority 
                participation in covered units.
                    (H) Any other matters the Secretary determines 
                appropriate.
            (3) Report to congress.--The Secretary shall--
                    (A) submit to the congressional defense committees 
                a report on the results of the study by not later than 
                January 1, 2022; and
                    (B) provide interim briefings to such committees 
                upon request.
    (c) Designation.--The study conducted under subsection (b) shall be 
known as the ``Study on Reducing Barriers to Minority Participation in 
Elite Units in the Armed Services''.
    (d) Implementation Plan.--The Secretary shall submit to the 
congressional defense committees a report setting forth an 
implementation plan for the recommendations that the Secretary 
implements under this section, including--
            (1) the response of the Secretary to each such 
        recommendation;
            (2) a summary of actions the Secretary has carried out, or 
        intends to carry out, to implement such recommendations, as 
        appropriate; and
            (3) a schedule, with specific milestones, for completing 
        the implementation of such recommendations.
    (e) Covered Units Defined.--In this section, the term ``covered 
units'' means the following:
            (1) Any forces designated by the Secretary as special 
        operations forces.
            (2) Air Force Combat Control Teams.
            (3) Air Force Pararescue.
            (4) Marine Corps Force Reconnaissance.
            (5) Coast Guard Deployable Operations Group.
            (6) Pilot and navigator military occupational specialties.

SEC. 520. REPORTS ON DIVERSITY AND INCLUSION IN THE ARMED FORCES.

    (a) Report on Findings of Defense Board on Diversity and Inclusion 
in the Military.--
            (1) In general.--Upon the completion by the Defense Board 
        on Diversity and Inclusion in the Military of its report on 
        actionable recommendations to increase racial diversity and 
        ensure equal opportunity across all grades of the Armed Forces, 
        the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the Committee on Armed 
        Services of the Senate and the House of Representatives a 
        report on the report of the Defense Board, including the 
        findings and recommendations of the Defense Board.
            (2) Elements.--The report required by paragraph (1) shall 
        include the following:
                    (A) A comprehensive description of the findings and 
                recommendations of the Defense Board in its report 
                referred to in paragraph (1).
                    (B) A comprehensive description of any actionable 
                recommendations of the Defense Board in its report.
                    (C) A description of the actions proposed to be 
                undertaken by the Secretary in connection with such 
                recommendations, and a timeline for implementation of 
                such actions.
                    (D) A description of the resources used by the 
                Defense Board for its report, and a description and 
                assessment of any shortfalls in such resources for 
                purposes of the Defense Board.
    (b) Report on Defense Advisory Committee on Diversity and Inclusion 
in the Armed Forces.--
            (1) In general.--At the same time the Secretary of Defense 
        submits the report required by subsection (a), the Secretary 
        shall also submit to the Committee on Armed Services of the 
        Senate and the House of Representatives a report on the Defense 
        Advisory Committee on Diversity and Inclusion in the Armed 
        Forces.
            (2) Elements.--The report required by paragraph (1) shall 
        include the following:
                    (A) The mission statement or purpose of the 
                Advisory Committee, and any proposed objectives and 
                goals of the Advisory Committee.
                    (B) A description of current members of the 
                Advisory Committee and the criteria used for selecting 
                members.
                    (C) A description of the duties and scope of 
                activities of the Advisory Committee.
                    (D) The reporting structure of the Advisory 
                Committee.
                    (E) An estimate of the annual operating costs and 
                staff years of the Advisory Committee.
                    (F) An estimate of the number and frequency of 
                meetings of the Advisory Committee.
                    (G) Any subcommittees, established or proposed, 
                that would support the Advisory Committee.
                    (H) Such recommendations for legislative or 
                administrative action as the Secretary considers 
                appropriate to extend the term of the Advisory 
                Committee beyond the proposed termination date of the 
                Advisory Committee.
    (c) Report on Current Diversity and Inclusion in the Armed 
Forces.--
            (1) In general.--At the same time the Secretary of Defense 
        submits the reports required by subsections (a) and (b), the 
        Secretary shall also submit to the Committee on Armed Services 
        of the Senate and the House of Representatives a report on 
        current diversity and inclusion in the Armed Forces.
            (2) Elements.--The report required by paragraph (1) shall 
        include the following:
                    (A) An identification of the current racial, 
                ethnic, and sex composition of each Armed Force 
                generally.
                    (B) An identification of the current racial, 
                ethnic, and sex composition of each Armed Force by 
                grade.
                    (C) A comparison of the participation rates of 
                minority populations in officer grades, warrant officer 
                grades, and enlisted member grades in each Armed Force 
                with the percentage of such populations among the 
                general population.
                    (D) A comparison of the participation rates of 
                minority populations in each career field in each Armed 
                Force with the percentage of such populations among the 
                general population.
                    (E) A comparison among the Armed Forces of the 
                percentage of minority populations in each officer 
                grade above grade O-4.
                    (F) A comparison among the Armed Forces of the 
                percentage of minority populations in each enlisted 
                grade above grade E-6.
                    (G) A description and assessment of barriers to 
                minority participation in the Armed Forces in 
                connection with accession, assessment, and training.
    (d) Sense of Senate on Defense Advisory Committee on Diversity and 
Inclusion in the Armed Forces.--It is the sense of the Senate that the 
Defense Advisory Committee on Diversity and Inclusion in the Armed 
Forces--
            (1) should consist of diverse group of individuals, 
        including--
                    (A) a general or flag officer from each regular 
                component of the Armed Forces;
                    (B) a retired general or flag officer from not 
                fewer than two of the Armed Forces;
                    (C) a regular officer of the Armed Forces in a 
                grade O-5 or lower;
                    (D) a regular enlisted member of the Armed Forces 
                in a grade E-7 or higher;
                    (E) a regular enlisted member of the Armed Forces 
                in a grade E-6 or lower;
                    (F) a member of a reserve component of the Armed 
                Forces in any grade;
                    (G) a member of the Department of Defense civilian 
                workforce;
                    (H) an member of the academic community with 
                expertise in diversity studies; and
                    (I) an individual with appropriate expertise in 
                diversity and inclusion;
            (2) should include individuals from a variety of military 
        career paths, including--
                    (A) aviation;
                    (B) special operations;
                    (C) intelligence;
                    (D) cyber;
                    (E) space; and
                    (F) surface warfare;
            (3) should have a membership such that not fewer than 20 
        percent of members possess--
                    (A) a firm understanding of the role of mentorship 
                and best practices in finding and utilizing mentors;
                    (B) experience and expertise in change of culture 
                of large organizations; or
                    (C) experience and expertise in implementation 
                science; and
            (4) should focus on objectives that address--
                    (A) barriers to promotion within the Armed Forces, 
                including development of recommendations on mechanisms 
                to enhance and increase racial diversity and ensure 
                equal opportunity across all grades in the Armed 
                Forces;
                    (B) participation of minority officers and senior 
                noncommissioned officers in the Armed Forces, including 
                development of recommendations on mechanisms to enhance 
                and increase such participation;
                    (C) recruitment of minority candidates for 
                innovative pre-service programs in the Junior Reserve 
                Officers' Training Corps (JROTC), Senior Reserve 
                Officers' Training Corps (SROTC), and military service 
                academies, including programs in connection with flight 
                instruction, special operations, and national security, 
                including development of recommendations on mechanisms 
                to enhance and increase such recruitment;
                    (D) retention of minority individuals in senior 
                leadership and mentorship positions in the Armed 
                Forces, including development of recommendations on 
                mechanisms to enhance and increase such retention; and
                    (E) achievement of cultural and ethnic diversity in 
                recruitment for the Armed Forces, including development 
                of recommendations on mechanisms to enhance and 
                increase such diversity in recruitment.

            Subtitle D--Military Justice and Related Matters

 PART I--INVESTIGATION, PROSECUTION, AND DEFENSE OF SEXUAL ASSAULT AND 
                            RELATED MATTERS

SEC. 521. MODIFICATION OF TIME REQUIRED FOR EXPEDITED DECISIONS IN 
              CONNECTION WITH APPLICATIONS FOR CHANGE OF STATION OR 
              UNIT TRANSFER OF MEMBERS WHO ARE VICTIMS OF SEXUAL 
              ASSAULT OR RELATED OFFENSES.

    (a) In General.--Section 673(b) of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended by striking ``72 hours'' both places it appears and inserting 
``five calendar days''.
    (b) Effective Date.--The amendments made by subsection (a) shall 
take effect on the date of the enactment of this Act, and shall apply 
to decisions on applications for permanent change of station or unit 
transfer made under section 673 of title 10, United States Code, on or 
after that date.

SEC. 522. DEFENSE ADVISORY COMMITTEE FOR THE PREVENTION OF SEXUAL 
              MISCONDUCT.

    Section 550B of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 2020 (Public Law 116-92) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (c)(1)(B), by inserting ``, including the 
        United States Coast Guard Academy,'' after ``academy'';
            (2) by redesignating subsections (d), (e), and (f) as 
        subsections (e), (f), and (g), respectively;
            (3) by inserting after subsection (c) the following new 
        subsection (d):
    ``(d) Advisory Duties on Coast Guard Academy.--In providing advice 
under subsection (c)(1)(B), the Advisory Committee shall also advise 
the Secretary of the Department in which the Coast Guard is operating 
in accordance with this section on policies, programs, and practices of 
the United States Coast Guard Academy.''; and
            (4) in subsection (e) and paragraph (2) of subsection (g), 
        as redesignated by paragraph (2) of this section, by striking 
        ``the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House 
        of Representatives'' each place it appears and inserting ``the 
        Committees on Armed Services and Commerce, Science, and 
        Transportation of the Senate and the Committees on Armed 
        Services and Transportation and Infrastructure of the House of 
        Representatives''.

SEC. 523. REPORT ON ABILITY OF SEXUAL ASSAULT RESPONSE COORDINATORS AND 
              SEXUAL ASSAULT PREVENTION AND RESPONSE VICTIM ADVOCATES 
              TO PERFORM DUTIES.

    (a) Survey.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than June 30, 2021, the 
        Secretary of Defense shall conduct a survey regarding the 
        ability of Sexual Assault Response Coordinators and Sexual 
        Assault Prevention and Response Victim Advocates to perform 
        their duties.
            (2) Elements.--The survey required under paragraph (1) 
        shall assess--
                    (A) the current state of support provided to Sexual 
                Assault Response Coordinators and Sexual Assault 
                Prevention and Response Victim Advocates, including--
                            (i) perceived professional or other 
                        reprisal or retaliation; and
                            (ii) access to sufficient physical and 
                        mental health services as a result of the 
                        nature of their work;
                    (B) the ability of Sexual Assault Response 
                Coordinators and Sexual Assault Prevention and Response 
                Victim Advocates to contact and access their 
                installation commander or unit commander;
                    (C) the ability of Sexual Assault Response 
                Coordinators and Sexual Assault Prevention and Response 
                Victim Advocates to contact and access the immediate 
                commander of victims and alleged offenders;
                    (D) the responsiveness and receptiveness of 
                commanders to the Sexual Assault Response Coordinators;
                    (E) the support and services provided to victims of 
                sexual assault;
                    (F) the understanding of others of the process and 
                their willingness to assist;
                    (G) the adequacy of the training received by Sexual 
                Assault Response Coordinators and Sexual Assault 
                Prevention and Response Victim Advocates to effectively 
                perform their duties; and
                    (H) any other factors affecting the ability of 
                Sexual Assault Response Coordinators and Sexual Assault 
                Prevention and Response Victim Advocates to perform 
                their duties.
    (b) Report.--Upon completion of the survey required under 
subsection (a), the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the Committees 
on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of Representatives a 
report on the results of the survey and any actions to be taken as a 
result of the survey.

SEC. 524. BRIEFING ON SPECIAL VICTIMS' COUNSEL PROGRAM.

    (a) Briefing Required.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
the enactment of this Act, the Judge Advocates General of the Army, the 
Navy, the Air Force, and the Coast Guard, and the Staff Judge Advocate 
to the Commandant of the Marine Corps shall each provide to the 
congressional defense committees a briefing on the status of the 
Special Victims' Counsel program of the Armed Force concerned.
    (b) Elements.--Each briefing under subsection (a) shall include, 
with respect to the Special Victims Counsel program of the Armed Force 
concerned, the following:
            (1) An assessment of whether the Armed Force is in 
        compliance with the provisions of the National Defense 
        Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2020 (Public Law 116-92) 
        relating to the Special Victims Counsel program and, if not, 
        what steps have been taken to achieve compliance with such 
        provisions.
            (2) An estimate of the average caseload of each Special 
        Victims' Counsel.
            (3) A description of any staffing shortfalls in the Special 
        Victims' Counsel program or other programs of the Armed Force 
        resulting from the additional responsibilities required of the 
        Special Victims' Counsel program under the National Defense 
        Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2020.
            (4) An explanation of the ability of Special Victims' 
        Counsel to adhere to requirement that a counsel respond to a 
        request for services within 72 hours of receiving such request.
            (5) An assessment of the feasibility of providing cross-
        service Special Victims' Counsel representation in instances 
        where a Special Victims' Counsel from a different Armed Force 
        is co-located with a victim at a remote base.

SEC. 525. ACCOUNTABILITY OF LEADERSHIP OF THE DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE FOR 
              DISCHARGING THE SEXUAL HARASSMENT POLICIES AND PROGRAMS 
              OF THE DEPARTMENT.

    (a) Strategy on Holding Leadership Accountable Required.--The 
Secretary of Defense shall develop and implement Department of Defense-
wide a strategy to hold individuals in positions of leadership in the 
Department (including members of the Armed Forces and civilians) 
accountable for the promotion, support, and enforcement of the policies 
and programs of the Department on sexual harassment.
    (b) Oversight Framework.--
            (1) In general.--The strategy required by subsection (a) 
        shall provide for an oversight framework for the efforts of the 
        Department of Defense to promote, support, and enforce the 
        policies and programs of the Department on sexual harassment.
            (2) Elements.--The oversight framework required by 
        paragraph (1) shall include the following:
                    (A) Long-term goals, objectives, and milestones in 
                connection with the policies and programs of the 
                Department on sexual harassment.
                    (B) Strategies to achieve the goals, objectives, 
                and milestones referred to in subparagraph (A).
                    (C) Criteria for assessing progress toward the 
                achievement of the goals, objectives, and milestones 
                referred to in subparagraph (A).
                    (D) Criteria for assessing the effectiveness of the 
                policies and programs of the Department on sexual 
                harassment.
                    (E) Mechanisms to ensure that adequate resources 
                are available to the Office to develop and discharge 
                the oversight framework.
    (c) Report.--Not later than one year after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the 
Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of 
Representatives a report on the actions taken to carry out this 
section, including the strategy developed and implemented pursuant to 
subsection, and the oversight framework developed and implemented 
pursuant to subsection (b).

SEC. 526. SAFE-TO-REPORT POLICY APPLICABLE ACROSS THE ARMED FORCES.

    (a) In General.--The Secretary of Defense shall, in consultation 
with the Secretaries of the military departments, prescribe in 
regulations a safe-to-report policy described in subsection (b) that 
applies with respect to all members of the Armed Forces (including 
members of the reserve components of the Armed Forces) and cadets and 
midshipmen at the military service academies.
    (b) Safe-to-report Policy.--The safe-to-report policy described in 
this subsection is a policy that prescribes the handling of minor 
collateral misconduct involving a member of the Armed Forces who is the 
alleged victim of sexual assault.
    (c) Aggravating Circumstances.--The regulations under subsection 
(a) shall specify aggravating circumstances that increase the gravity 
of minor collateral misconduct or its impact on good order and 
discipline for purposes of the safe-to-report policy.
    (d) Tracking of Collateral Misconduct Incidents.--In conjunction 
with the issuance of regulations under subsection (a), Secretary shall 
develop and implement a process to track incidents of minor collateral 
misconduct that are subject to the safe-to-report policy.
    (e) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) The term ``Armed Forces'' has the meaning given that 
        term in section 101(a)(4) of title 10, United States Code, 
        except such term does not include the Coast Guard.
            (2) The term ``military service academy'' means the 
        following:
                    (A) The United States Military Academy.
                    (B) The United States Naval Academy.
                    (C) The United States Air Force Academy.
            (3) The term ``minor collateral misconduct'' means any 
        minor misconduct that is potentially punishable under chapter 
        47 of title 10, United States Code (the Uniform Code of 
        Military Justice), that--
                    (A) is committed close in time to or during the 
                sexual assault, and directly related to the incident 
                that formed the basis of the sexual assault allegation;
                    (B) is discovered as a direct result of the report 
                of sexual assault or the ensuing investigation into the 
                sexual assault; and
                    (C) does not involve aggravating circumstances (as 
                specified in the regulations prescribed under 
                subsection (c)) that increase the gravity of the minor 
                misconduct or its impact on good order and discipline.

SEC. 527. ADDITIONAL BASES FOR PROVISION OF ADVICE BY THE DEFENSE 
              ADVISORY COMMITTEE FOR THE PREVENTION OF SEXUAL 
              MISCONDUCT.

    Section 550B(c)(2) of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
Fiscal Year 2020 (Public Law 116-92) is amended--
            (1) by redesignating subparagraph (C) as subparagraph (E); 
        and
            (2) by inserting after subparagraph (B) the following new 
        subparagraphs:
                    ``(C) Efforts among private employers to prevent 
                sexual assault and sexual harassment among their 
                employees.
                    ``(D) Evidence-based studies on the prevention of 
                sexual assault and sexual harassment in the Armed 
                Forces, institutions of higher education, and the 
                private sector.''.

SEC. 528. ADDITIONAL MATTERS FOR REPORTS OF THE DEFENSE ADVISORY 
              COMMITTEE FOR THE PREVENTION OF SEXUAL MISCONDUCT.

    Section 550B(d) of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
Fiscal Year 2020 (Public Law 116-92) is amended by adding at the end 
the following: ``The report shall include the following:
            ``(1) A description and assessment of the extent and 
        effectiveness of the inclusion by the Armed Forces of sexual 
        assault prevention and response training in leader professional 
        military education (PME), especially in such education for 
        personnel in junior noncommissioned officer grades.
            ``(2) An assessment of the feasibility of--
                    ``(A) the screening of recruits before entry into 
                military service for prior incidents of sexual assault 
                and harassment, including through background checks; 
                and
                    ``(B) the administration of screening tests to 
                recruits to assess recruit views and beliefs on equal 
                opportunity, and whether such views and beliefs are 
                compatible with military service.
            ``(3) An assessment of the feasibility of conducting exit 
        interviews of members of the Armed Forces upon their discharge 
        release from the Armed Forces in order to determine whether 
        they experienced or witnessed sexual assault or harassment 
        during military service and did not report it, and an 
        assessment of the feasibility of combining such exit interviews 
        with the Catch a Serial Offender (CATCH) Program of the 
        Department of Defense.
            ``(4) An assessment whether the sexual assault reporting 
        databases of the Department are sufficiently anonymized to 
        ensure privacy while still providing military leaders with the 
        information as follows:
                    ``(A) The approximate length of time the victim and 
                the assailant had been at the duty station at which the 
                sexual assault occurred.
                    ``(B) The percentage of sexual assaults occurring 
                while the victim or assailant were on temporary duty, 
                leave, or otherwise away from their permanent duty 
                station.
                    ``(C) The number of sexual assaults that involve an 
                abuse of power by a commander or supervisor.''.

SEC. 529. POLICY ON SEPARATION OF VICTIM AND ACCUSED AT MILITARY 
              SERVICE ACADEMIES AND DEGREE-GRANTING MILITARY 
              EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTIONS.

    (a) In General.--The Secretary of Defense shall, in consultation 
with the Secretaries of the military departments, the Superintendent of 
each military service academy, and the head of each degree-granting 
military educational institution, prescribe in regulations a policy 
under which association between a cadet or midshipman of a military 
service academy, or a member of the Armed Forces enrolled in a degree-
granting military educational institution, who is the alleged victim of 
a sexual assault and the accused is minimized while both parties 
complete their course of study at the academy or institution concerned.
    (b) Elements.--The Secretary of Defense shall ensure that the 
policy developed under subsection (a)--
            (1) is fair to the both the alleged victim and the accused;
            (2) provides for the confidentiality of the parties 
        involved;
            (3) provide that notice of the policy, including the 
        elements of the policy and the right to opt out of coverage by 
        the policy, is provided to the alleged victim upon the making 
        of an allegation of a sexual assault covered by the policy; and
            (4) provide an alleged victim the right to opt out of 
        coverage by the policy in connection with such sexual assault.
    (c) Military Service Academy Defined.--The term ``military service 
academy'' means the following:
            (1) The United States Military Academy.
            (2) The United States Naval Academy.
            (3) The United States Air Force Academy.
            (4) The United States Coast Guard Academy.

SEC. 530. BRIEFING ON PLACEMENT OF MEMBERS OF THE ARMED FORCES IN 
              ACADEMIC STATUS WHO ARE VICTIMS OF SEXUAL ASSAULT ONTO 
              NON-RATED PERIODS.

    Not later than 90 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, 
the Secretary of Defense shall brief the Committees on Armed Services 
of the Senate and the House of Representatives on the feasibility and 
advisability, and current practice (if any), of the Department of 
Defense of granting requests by members of the Armed Forces who are in 
academic status (whether at the military service academies or in 
developmental education programs) and who are victims of sexual assault 
to be placed on a Non-Rated Period for their performance report.

                PART II--OTHER MILITARY JUSTICE MATTERS

SEC. 531. RIGHT TO NOTICE OF VICTIMS OF OFFENSES UNDER THE UNIFORM CODE 
              OF MILITARY JUSTICE REGARDING CERTAIN POST-TRIAL MOTIONS, 
              FILINGS, AND HEARINGS.

    Section 806b(a)(2) of title 10, United States Code (article 
6b(a)(2)) of the Uniform Code of Military Justice), is amended--
            (1) by redesignating subparagraphs (D) and (E) as 
        subparagraphs (E) and (F), respectively; and
            (2) by inserting after subparagraph (C) the following new 
        subparagraph (D):
                    ``(D) A post-trial motion, filing, or hearing that 
                may address the finding or sentence of a court-martial 
                with respect to the accused, unseal privileged or 
                private information of the victim, or result in the 
                release of the accused.''.

SEC. 532. CONSIDERATION OF THE EVIDENCE BY COURTS OF CRIMINAL APPEALS.

    (a) In General.--Section 866 of title 10, United States Code 
(article 66 of the Uniform Code of Military Justice), is amended--
            (1) by redesignating subsections (e) through (j) as 
        subsections (f) through (k), respectively; and
            (2) by inserting after subsection (d) the following new 
        subsection (e):
    ``(e) Consideration of the Evidence.--
            ``(1) In general.--In an appeal of a finding of guilty 
        under subsection (b), the Court of Criminal Appeals, upon 
        request of the accused, may consider the weight of the evidence 
        upon a specific showing by the accused of deficiencies in 
        proof. The Court may set aside and dismiss a finding if clearly 
        convinced that the finding was against the weight of the 
        evidence. The Court may affirm a lesser finding. A rehearing 
        may not be ordered.
            ``(2) Deference in consideration.--When considering a case 
        under subsection (b), the Court may weigh the evidence and 
        determine controverted questions of fact, subject to--
                    ``(A) appropriate deference to the fact that the 
                court-martial saw and heard the witnesses and other 
                evidence; and
                    ``(B) appropriate deference to findings of fact 
                entered into the record by the military judge.''.
    (b) Additional Qualifications of Appellate Military Judges.--
Subsection (a) of such section (article) is amended--
            (1) by inserting ``(1)'' before ``Each judge''; and
            (2) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
    ``(2)(A) In addition to any other qualifications specified in 
paragraph (1), any commissioned officer assigned as an appellate 
military judge to a Court of Criminal Appeals shall have not fewer than 
12 years of experience in military justice assignments before such 
assignment, and any civilian so assigned shall have not fewer than 12 
years as a judge or criminal trial attorney before such assignment.
    ``(B) A Judge Advocate General may waive the requirement in 
subparagraph (A) in connection with the assignment of an officer or 
civilian as an appellate military judge of a Court of Criminal Appeals 
if the Judge Advocate General determines that compliance with the 
requirement in the assignment of appellate military judges to a Court 
of Criminal Appeals will impair the ability of the Court to hear and 
decide appeals in a timely manner.
    ``(C) Not later than 120 days after waiving the requirement in 
subparagraph (A) pursuant to subparagraph (B), the Judge Advocate 
General shall notify the congressional defense committees of the 
waiver, and include with the notice an explanation for the shortage of 
appellate military judges and a plan for addressing such shortage.''.
    (c) Review by Full Court of Finding of Conviction Against Weight of 
Evidence.--Subsection (e) of such section (article), as amended by 
subsection (a) of this section, is further is amended by adding at the 
end the following new paragraph:
            ``(3) Review by full court of finding of conviction against 
        weight of evidence.--Any determination by the Court that a 
        finding was clearly against the weight of the evidence under 
        paragraph (1) shall be reviewed by the Court sitting as a 
        whole.''.

SEC. 533. PRESERVATION OF RECORDS OF THE MILITARY JUSTICE SYSTEM.

    Section 940a of title 10, United States Code (article 140a of the 
Uniform Code of Military Justice), is amended by adding at the end the 
following new subsection:
    ``(d) Preservation of Records Without Regard to Outcome.--The 
standards and criteria prescribed established by the Secretary of 
Defense under subsection (a) shall provide for the preservation of 
records, without regard to the outcome of the proceeding concerned, for 
not fewer than 15 years.''.

SEC. 534. COMPTROLLER GENERAL OF THE UNITED STATES REPORT ON 
              IMPLEMENTATION BY THE ARMED FORCES OF RECENT GAO 
              RECOMMENDATIONS AND STATUTORY REQUIREMENTS ON ASSESSMENT 
              OF RACIAL, ETHNIC, AND GENDER DISPARITIES IN THE MILITARY 
              JUSTICE SYSTEM.

    (a) Report Required.--The Comptroller General of the United States 
shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the 
House of Representatives a report, in writing, on a study, conducted by 
the Comptroller General for purposes of the report, on the 
implementation by the Armed Forces of the following:
            (1) The recommendations in the May 2019 report of the 
        General Accountability Office entitled ``Military Justice: DOD 
        and the Coast Guard Need to Improve Their Capabilities to 
        Assess Racial and Gender Disparities'' (GAO-19-344).
            (2) Requirements in section 540I(b) of the National Defense 
        Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2020 (Public Law 116-92), 
        relating to assessments covered by such recommendations.
    (b) Elements.--The report required by subsection (a) shall include, 
for each recommendation and requirement specified in that subsection, 
the following:
            (1) A description of the actions taken or planned by the 
        Department of Defense, the military department concerned, or 
        the Armed Force concerned to implement such recommendation or 
        requirement.
            (2) An assessment of the extent to which the actions taken 
        to implement such recommendation or requirement, as described 
        pursuant to paragraph (1), are effective or meet the intended 
        objective.
            (3) Any other matters in connection with such 
        recommendation or requirement, and the implementation of such 
        recommendation or requirement by the Armed Forces, that the 
        Comptroller General considers appropriate.
    (c) Briefings.--Not later than May 1, 2021, the Comptroller General 
shall provide the committees referred to in subsection (a) one or more 
briefings on the status of the study required by that subsection, 
including any preliminary findings and recommendations of the 
Comptroller General as a result of the study as of the date of such 
briefing.

SEC. 535. BRIEFING ON MENTAL HEALTH SUPPORT FOR VICARIOUS TRAUMA FOR 
              CERTAIN PERSONNEL IN THE MILITARY JUSTICE SYSTEM.

    (a) Briefing Required.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
the enactment of this Act, the Judge Advocates General of the Army, the 
Navy, and the Air Force and the Staff Judge Advocate to the Commandant 
of the Marine Corps shall jointly brief the Committees on Armed 
Services of the Senate and the House of Representatives on the mental 
health support for vicarious trauma provided to personnel in the 
military justice system specified in subsection (b).
    (b) Personnel.--The personnel specified in this subsection are the 
following:
            (1) Trial counsel.
            (2) Defense counsel.
            (3) Special Victims' Counsel.
            (4) Military investigative personnel.
    (c) Elements.--The briefing required by subsection (a) shall 
include the following:
            (1) A description and assessment of the mental health 
        support for vicarious trauma provided to personnel in the 
        military justice system specified in subsection (b), including 
        a description of the support services available and the support 
        services being used.
            (2) A description and assessment of mechanisms to eliminate 
        or reduce stigma in the pursuit by such personnel of such 
        mental health support.
            (3) An assessment of the feasibility and advisability of 
        providing such personnel with breaks between assignments or 
        cases as part of such mental health support in order to reduce 
        the effects of vicarious trauma.
            (4) A description and assessment of the extent, if any, to 
        which duty of such personnel on particular types of cases, or 
        in particular caseloads, contributes to vicarious trauma, and 
        of the extent, if any, to which duty on such cases or caseloads 
        has an effect on retention of such personnel in the Armed 
        Forces.
            (5) A description of the extent, if any, to which such 
        personnel are screened or otherwise assessed for vicarious 
        trauma before discharge or release from the Armed Forces.
            (6) Such other matters in connection with the provision of 
        mental health support for vicarious trauma to such personnel as 
        the Judge Advocates General and the Staff Judge Advocate 
        jointly consider appropriate.

SEC. 536. GUARDIAN AD LITEM PROGRAM FOR MINOR DEPENDENTS OF MEMBERS OF 
              THE ARMED FORCES.

    Section 540L(b)(1) of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
Fiscal Year 2020 (Public Law 116-92; 133 Stat. 1373) is amended by 
adding before the period at the end the following: ``, including an 
assessment of the feasibility and advisability of establishing a 
guardian ad litem program for military dependents living outside the 
United States''.

   Subtitle E--Member Education, Training, Transition, and Resilience

SEC. 541. TRAINING ON RELIGIOUS ACCOMMODATION FOR MEMBERS OF THE ARMED 
              FORCES.

    (a) In General.--As recommended on page 149 of the Report of the 
Committee on Armed Services of the Senate to Accompany S. 1519 (115th 
Congress) (Senate Report 115-125), the Secretary of Defense shall 
develop and implement training on Federal statutes, Department of 
Defense instructions, and the regulations of each Armed Force regarding 
religious liberty and accommodation for members of the Armed Forces, 
including the responsibility of commanders to maintain good order and 
discipline.
    (b) Consultation.--The Secretary develop and implement the training 
required by subsection (a) in consultation with the following:
            (1) The General Counsel of the Department of Defense.
            (2) The Judge Advocate General of the Army, the Judge 
        Advocate General of the Navy, and the Judge Advocate General of 
        the Air Force.
            (3) The Chief of Chaplains of the Army, the Chief of 
        Chaplains of the Navy, and the Chief of Chaplains of the Air 
        Force.
    (c) Contents.--The content of the training shall be consistent with 
and include coverage of each of the following:
            (1) The Religious Freedom Restoration Act of 1993 (42 
        U.S.C. 2000bb et seq.).
            (2) Section 533 of the National Defense Authorization Act 
        for Fiscal Year 2013 (10 U.S.C. prec. 1030 note).
            (3) Section 528 of the National Defense Authorization Act 
        for Fiscal Year 2016 (Public Law 114-92; 129 Stat. 814).
    (d) Implementation.--
            (1) Recipients.--The recipients of training developed under 
        subsection (a) shall include the following at all levels of 
        command:
                    (A) Commanders
                    (B) Chaplains.
                    (C) Judge advocates.
                    (D) Such other members of the Armed Forces as the 
                Secretary considers appropriate.
            (2) Commencement.--The provision of training developed 
        under subsection (a) shall commence not later than one year 
        after the date of the enactment of this Act.

SEC. 542. ADDITIONAL ELEMENTS WITH 2021 CERTIFICATIONS ON THE READY, 
              RELEVANT LEARNING INITIATIVE OF THE NAVY.

    (a) Additional Elements.--In submitting to Congress in 2021 the 
certifications required by section 545 of the National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2018 (Public Law 115-91; 131 Stat. 
1396; 10 U.S.C. 8431 note prec.), relating to the Ready, Relevant 
Learning initiative of the Navy, the Secretary of the Navy shall also 
submit each of the following:
            (1) A life cycle sustainment plan for the Ready, Relevant 
        Learning initiative meeting the requirements in subsection (b).
            (2) A report on the use of readiness assessment teams in 
        training addressing the elements specified in subsection (c).
    (b) Life Cycle Sustainment Plan.--The life cycle sustainment plan 
required by subsection (a)(1) shall include a description of the 
approved life cycle sustainment plan for the Ready, Relevant Learning 
initiative, including with respect to each of the following:
            (1) Product support management.
            (2) Supply support.
            (3) Packaging, handling, storage, and transportation.
            (4) Maintenance planning and management.
            (5) Design interface.
            (6) Sustainment engineering.
            (7) Technical data.
            (8) Computer resources.
            (9) Facilities and infrastructure.
            (10) Manpower and personnel.
            (11) Support equipment.
            (12) Training and training support.
            (13) Governance, including the acquisition and program 
        management structure.
            (14) Such other elements in the life cycle sustainment of 
        the Ready, Relevant Learning initiative as the Secretary 
        considers appropriate.
    (c) Report on Use of Readiness Assessment Teams.--The report 
required by subsection (a)(2) shall set forth the following:
            (1) A description and assessment of the extent to which the 
        Navy is currently using Engineering Readiness Assessment Teams 
        (ERAT) and Combat Systems Readiness Assessment Teams (CSRAT) to 
        conduct unit-level training and assistance in each capacity as 
        follows:
                    (A) To augment non-Ready, Relevant Learning 
                initiative training.
                    (B) As part of Ready, Relevant Learning initiative 
                training.
                    (C) To train students on legacy, obsolete, one of a 
                kind, or unique systems that are still widely used by 
                the Navy.
                    (D) To train students on military-specific systems 
                that are not found in the commercial maritime world.
            (2) A description and assessment of potential benefits, and 
        anticipated timelines and costs, in expanding Engineering 
        Readiness Assessment Team and Combat Systems Readiness 
        Assessment Team training in the capacities specified in 
        paragraph (1).
            (3) Such other matters in connection with the use of 
        readiness assessment teams in connection with the Ready, 
        Relevant Learning initiative as the Secretary considers 
        appropriate.

SEC. 543. REPORT ON STANDARDIZATION AND POTENTIAL MERGER OF LAW 
              ENFORCEMENT TRAINING FOR MILITARY AND CIVILIAN PERSONNEL 
              ACROSS THE DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE.

    (a) Report Required.--Not later than June 8, 2021, the Secretary of 
Defense shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate 
and the House of Representatives a report on the standardization and 
potential merger of law enforcement training for military and civilian 
personnel across the Department of Defense, including training of 
military or civilian personnel of the Department designated in 
accordance with section 2762 of title 10, United States Code, to 
protect buildings, grounds, and property under the jurisdiction, 
custody, or control of the Department and the persons on such property.
    (b) Elements.--In developing the report required by subsection (a), 
the Secretary shall do, and include in the report the results of, the 
following:
            (1) Identify and assess current law enforcement training 
        courses, schools, and programs of the Armed Forces that have 
        the flexibility and capacity to support the training referred 
        to in subsection (a) through common training standards.
            (2) Identify and assess current Department law enforcement 
        training courses, schools, and programs that are affiliated 
        with or accredited by third parties (including both 
        governmental and private entities), including an assessment of 
        the value derived from such affiliation or accreditation to the 
        training referred to in subsection (a).
            (3) Identify emerging law enforcement training requirements 
        that are common among the Armed Forces and other Department law 
        enforcement components and are currently unmet by the Armed 
        Forces or such components.
            (4) Assess the feasibility, advisability, and suitability 
        of incorporating standardized and merged field and operational 
        training in military law enforcement mission areas, including 
        area security operations, law and order operations, internment 
        and resettlement operations, and police intelligence 
        operations, in the training provided to all Armed Forces and 
        other Department law enforcement components.
            (5) Identify and assess Department courses, programs, or 
        institutions with the capability to support law enforcement 
        training or information sharing between Department military and 
        civilian law enforcement components and State, county, and 
        local law enforcement agencies, with the capability to support 
        law enforcement components of the National Guard and other 
        reserve components of the Armed Forces, or with both such 
        capabilities.
            (6) Assess the feasibility, advisability, and suitability 
        of standardizing and merging the training referred to in 
        subsection (a) across the Department, including an assessment 
        of the costs of such standardization and merger.
            (7) Any other matters the Secretary considers appropriate.

SEC. 544. QUARTERLY REPORTS ON IMPLEMENTATION OF RECOMMENDATIONS OF THE 
              COMPREHENSIVE REVIEW OF SPECIAL OPERATIONS FORCES CULTURE 
              AND ETHICS.

    (a) Quarterly Reports Required.--Not later than March 1, 2021, and 
every 90 days thereafter through March 1, 2024, the Assistant Secretary 
of Defense for Special Operations and Low Intensity Conflict shall, in 
coordination with the Commander of the United States Special Operations 
Command, submit to the congressional defense committees a report on the 
current status of the implementation of the actions recommended as a 
result of the Comprehensive Review of Special Operations Forces Culture 
and Ethics.
    (b) Elements.--Each report under subsection (a) shall include the 
following:
            (1) A list of the actions required as of the date of such 
        report to complete full implementation of each of the 16 
        actions recommended by the Comprehensive Review referred to in 
        subsection (a).
            (2) An identification of the office responsible for 
        completing each action listed pursuant to paragraph (1), and an 
        estimated timeline for completion of such action.
            (3) If completion of any action listed pursuant to 
        paragraph (1) requires resources or actions for which 
        authorization by statute is required, a recommendation for 
        legislative action for such authorization.
            (4) Any other matters the Assistant Secretary or the 
        Commander considers appropriate.

SEC. 545. INFORMATION ON NOMINATIONS AND APPLICATIONS FOR MILITARY 
              SERVICE ACADEMIES.

    (a) Report on Congressional Nominations Portal.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than one year after the date of 
        the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall, in 
        consultation with the Superintendents of the military service 
        academies, submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the 
        Senate and the House of Representatives a report setting forth 
        an assessment of the feasibility and advisability of a uniform 
        online portal for all military service academies that enables 
        Members of Congress to nominate individuals for appointment to 
        each academy through a secure website.
            (2) Information collection and reporting.--For purposes of 
        preparing the report required by paragraph (1), the Secretary 
        shall treat the online portal described in that paragraph as 
        permitting the collection, from each Member of Congress, of the 
        demographic information described in subsection (b) for each 
        individual nominated by the Member.
            (3) Availability of information.--For purposes of preparing 
        the report, the Secretary shall treat the online portal as 
        permitting Members of Congress and their designees to view past 
        nomination records for all application cycles.
            (4) Matters in connection with establishment of portal.--If 
        the Secretary determines that the online portal is feasible and 
        advisable, the report shall include--
                    (A) a comprehensive description of the online 
                portal; and
                    (B) such recommendations for legislative and 
                administrative action as the Secretary considers 
                appropriate to establish and maintain the online 
                portal.
    (b) Standard Classifications for Collection of Demographic Data.--
            (1) Standards required.--The Secretary of Defense shall, in 
        consultation with the Superintendents of the military service 
        academies, establish standard classifications that cadets, 
        midshipmen, and applicants to the academies may use to self-
        identify gender, race, and ethnicity and to provide other 
        demographic information in connection with admission to or 
        enrollment in an academy.
            (2) Consistency with omb guidance.--The standard 
        classifications established under paragraph (1) shall be 
        consistent with the standard classifications specified in 
        Office of Management and Budget Directive No. 15 (pertaining to 
        race and ethnic standards for Federal statistics and 
        administrative reporting) or any successor directive.
            (3) Incorporation into applications and records.--Not later 
        than one year after the date of the enactment of this Act, the 
        Secretary shall incorporate the standard classifications 
        established under paragraph (1) into--
                    (A) applications for admission to the military 
                service academies; and
                    (B) the military personnel records of cadets and 
                midshipmen enrolled in such academies.
    (c) Military Service Academy Defined.--In this section, the term 
``military service academy'' means--
            (1) the United States Military Academy;
            (2) the United States Naval Academy; and
            (3) the United States Air Force Academy.

SEC. 546. PILOT PROGRAMS IN CONNECTION WITH SENIOR RESERVE OFFICERS' 
              TRAINING CORPS UNITS AT HISTORICALLY BLACK COLLEGES AND 
              UNIVERSITIES AND MINORITY INSTITUTIONS.

    (a) Pilot Programs Authorized.--The Secretary of Defense may carry 
out either or both of the pilot programs as follows:
            (1) A pilot program, with elements as provided for in 
        subsection (c), at covered institutions in order to assess the 
        feasibility and advisability of mechanisms to reduce barriers 
        to participation in the Senior Reserve Officers' Training Corps 
        at such institutions by creating partnerships between satellite 
        or extension Senior Reserve Officers' Training Corps units at 
        such institutions and military installations.
            (2) A pilot program, with elements as provided for in 
        subsection (d), in order to assess the feasibility and 
        advisability of the provision of financial assistance to 
        members of the Senior Reserve Officers' Training Corps at 
        covered institutions for participation in flight training.
    (b) Duration.--The duration of each pilot program under subsection 
(a) may not exceed five years.
    (c) Pilot Program on Partnerships Between Satellite or Extension 
SROTC Units and Military Installations.--
            (1) Participating institutions.--The Secretary of Defense 
        shall carry out the pilot program authorized by subsection 
        (a)(1) at not fewer than five covered institutions selected by 
        the Secretary for purposes of the pilot program.
            (2) Requirements for selection.--Each covered institution 
        selected by the Secretary for purposes of the pilot program 
        authorized by subsection (a)(1) shall--
                    (A) currently maintain a satellite or extension 
                Senior Reserve Officers' Training Corps unit under 
                chapter 103 of title 10, United States Code, that is 
                located more than 20 miles from the host unit of such 
                unit; or
                    (B) establish and maintain a satellite or extension 
                Senior Reserve Officers' Training Corps unit that meets 
                the requirements in subparagraph (A).
            (3) Preference in selection of institutions.--In selecting 
        covered institutions under this subsection for participation in 
        the pilot program authorized by subsection (a)(1), the 
        Secretary shall give preference to covered institutions that 
        are located within 20 miles of a military installation of the 
        same Armed Force as the host unit of the Senior Reserve 
        Officers' Training Corp of the covered institution concerned.
            (4) Partnership activities.--The activities conducted under 
        the pilot program authorized by subsection (a)(1) between a 
        satellite or extension Senior Reserve Officers' Training Corps 
        unit and the military installation concerned shall include such 
        activities designed to reduce barriers to participation in the 
        Senior Reserve Officers' Training Corps at the covered 
        institution concerned as the Secretary considers appropriate, 
        including measures to mitigate travel time and expenses in 
        connection with receipt of Senior Reserve Officers' Training 
        Corps instruction.
    (d) Pilot Program on Financial Assistance for SROTC Members for 
Flight Training.--
            (1) Eligibility for participation by srotc members.--A 
        member of a Senior Reserve Officers' Training Corps unit at a 
        covered institution may participate in the pilot program 
        authorized by subsection (a)(2) if the member meets such 
        academic requirements at the covered institution, and such 
        other requirements, as the Secretary shall establish for 
        purposes of the pilot program.
            (2) Preference in selection of participants.--In selecting 
        members under this subsection for participation in the pilot 
        program authorized by subsection (a)(2), the Secretary shall 
        give a preference to members who will pursue flight training 
        under the pilot program at a covered institution.
            (3) Financial assistance for flight training.--
                    (A) In general.--The Secretary may provide any 
                member of a Senior Reserve Officers' Training Corps who 
                participates in the pilot program authorized by 
                subsection (a)(2) financial assistance to defray, 
                whether in whole or in part, the charges and fees 
                imposed on the member for flight training.
                    (B) Flight training.--Financial assistance may be 
                used under subparagraph (A) for a course of flight 
                training only if the course meets Federal Aviation 
                Administration standards and is approved by the Federal 
                Aviation Administration and the applicable State 
                approving agency.
                    (C) Use.--Financial assistance received by a member 
                under subparagraph (A) may be used only to defray the 
                charges and fees imposed on the member as described in 
                that subparagraph.
                    (D) Cessation of eligibility.--Financial assistance 
                may not be provided to a member under subparagraph (A) 
                as follows:
                            (i) If the member ceases to meet the 
                        academic and other requirements established 
                        pursuant to paragraph (1).
                            (ii) If the member ceases to be a member of 
                        the Senior Reserve Officers' Training Corps.
    (e) Evaluation Metrics.--The Secretary of Defense shall establish 
metrics to evaluate the effectiveness of the pilot programs under 
subsection (a).
    (f) Reports.--
            (1) Initial report.--Not later than 180 days after the 
        commencement of the pilot programs under subsection (a), the 
        Secretary of Defense shall submit to the Committees on Armed 
        Services of the Senate and the House of Representatives a 
        report on the pilot programs. The report shall include the 
        following:
                    (A) A description of each pilot program, including 
                in the case of the pilot program under subsection 
                (a)(2) the requirements established pursuant to 
                subsection (d)(1).
                    (B) The evaluation metrics established under 
                subsection (e).
                    (C) Such other matters relating to the pilot 
                programs as the Secretary considers appropriate.
            (2) Annual report.--Not later than 90 days after the end of 
        each fiscal year in which the Secretary carries out the pilot 
        programs, the Secretary shall submit to the Committees on Armed 
        Services of the Senate and the House of Representatives a 
        report on the pilot programs during such fiscal year. Each 
        report shall include, for the fiscal year covered by such 
        report, the following:
                    (A) In the case of the pilot program under 
                subsection (a)(1), a description of the partnerships 
                between satellite or extension Senior Reserve Officers' 
                Training Corps units and military installations under 
                the pilot program.
                    (B) In the case of the pilot program under 
                subsection (a)(2), the following:
                            (i) The number of members of Senior Reserve 
                        Officers' Training Corps units at covered 
                        institutions selected for purposes of the pilot 
                        program, including the number of such members 
                        participating in the pilot program.
                            (ii) The number of recipients of financial 
                        assistance provided under the pilot program, 
                        including the number who--
                                    (I) completed a ground school 
                                course of instruction in connection 
                                with obtaining a private pilot's 
                                certificate;
                                    (II) completed flight training, and 
                                the type of training, certificate, or 
                                both received;
                                    (III) were selected for a pilot 
                                training slot in the Armed Forces;
                                    (IV) initiated pilot training in 
                                the Armed Forces; or
                                    (V) successfully completed pilot 
                                training in the Armed Forces.
                            (iii) The amount of financial assistance 
                        provided under the pilot program, broken out by 
                        covered institution, course of study, and such 
                        other measures as the Secretary considers 
                        appropriate.
                    (C) Data collected in accordance with the 
                evaluation metrics established under subsection (e).
            (3) Final report.--Not later than 180 days prior to the 
        completion of the pilot programs, the Secretary shall submit to 
        the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of 
        Representatives a report on the pilot programs. The report 
        shall include the following:
                    (A) A description of the pilot programs.
                    (B) An assessment of the effectiveness of each 
                pilot program.
                    (C) A description of the cost of each pilot 
                program, and an estimate of the cost of making each 
                pilot program permanent.
                    (D) An estimate of the cost of expanding each pilot 
                program throughout all eligible Senior Reserve 
                Officers' Training Corps units.
                    (E) Such recommendations for legislative or 
                administrative action as the Secretary considers 
                appropriate in light of the pilot programs, including 
                recommendations for extending or making permanent the 
                authority for each pilot program.
    (g) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) The term ``covered institution'' has the meaning given 
        that term in section 262(g)(2) of the National Defense 
        Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2020 (Public Law 116-92).
            (2) The term ``flight training'' means a course of 
        instruction toward obtaining any of the following:
                    (A) A private pilot's certificate.
                    (B) A commercial pilot certificate.
                    (C) A certified flight instructor certificate.
                    (D) A multi-crew pilot's license.
                    (E) A flight instrument rating.
                    (F) Any other certificate, rating, or pilot 
                privilege the Secretary considers appropriate for 
                purposes of this section.
            (3) The term ``military installation'' means an 
        installation of the Department of Defense for the regular 
        components of the Armed Forces.

SEC. 547. EXPANSION OF JUNIOR RESERVE OFFICERS' TRAINING CORPS PROGRAM.

    (a) Expansion of JROTC Curriculum.--Section 2031(a)(2) of title 10, 
United States Code, is amended by inserting after ``service to the 
United States'' the following: ``(including an introduction to service 
opportunities in military, national, and public service)''.
    (b) Plan to Increase Number of JROTC Units.--The Secretary of 
Defense shall, in consultation with the Secretaries of the military 
departments, develop and implement a plan to establish and support not 
fewer than 6,000 units of the Junior Reserve Officers' Training Corps 
by September 30, 2031.

SEC. 548. DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE STARBASE PROGRAM.

    Section 2193b(h) of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
inserting ``the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, American 
Samoa,'' before ``and Guam''.

                   Subtitle F--Decorations and Awards

SEC. 551. AWARD OR PRESENTATION OF DECORATIONS FAVORABLY RECOMMENDED 
              FOLLOWING DETERMINATION ON MERITS OF PROPOSALS FOR 
              DECORATIONS NOT PREVIOUSLY SUBMITTED IN A TIMELY FASHION.

    (a) Award or Presentation Authorized.--Section 1130 of title 10, 
United States Code, is amended--
            (1) by redesignating subsection (d) as subsection (e); and
            (2) by inserting after subsection (c) the following new 
        subsection (d):
    ``(d)(1) A decoration may be awarded or presented following the 
submission of a favorable recommendation for the award or presentation 
of the decoration under subsection (b).
    ``(2) An award or presentation of a decoration under paragraph (1) 
may not occur before the end of the 60-day period beginning on the date 
of the submission under subsection (b) of the favorable recommendation 
regarding the award or presentation of the decoration.
    ``(3) The authority to make an award or presentation of a 
decoration under this subsection shall apply notwithstanding any 
limitation described in subsection (a).''.
    (b) Conforming and Clerical Amendments.--
            (1) Section heading.--The heading of section 1130 of such 
        title is amended to read as follows:
``Sec. 1130. Consideration of proposals for decorations not previously 
              submitted in timely fashion: procedures for review and 
              award or presentation''.
            (2) Table of sections.--The table of sections at the 
        beginning of chapter 57 of such title is amended by striking 
        the item relating to section 1130 and inserting the following 
        new item:

``1130. Consideration of proposals for decorations not previously 
                            submitted in timely fashion: procedures for 
                            review and award or presentation.''.

SEC. 552. HONORARY PROMOTION MATTERS.

    (a) Honorary Promotions on Initiative of DoD.--Chapter 80 of title 
10, United States Code, is amended by inserting after section 1563 the 
following new section:
``Sec. 1563a. Honorary promotions on the initiative of the Department 
              of Defense
    ``(a) In General.--(1) Under regulations prescribed by the 
Secretary of Defense, the Secretary may make an honorary promotion 
(whether or not posthumous) of a former member or retired member of the 
armed forces to any grade not exceeding the grade of major general, 
rear admiral (upper half), or an equivalent grade in the Space Force if 
the Secretary determines that the promotion is merited.
    ``(2) The authority to make an honorary promotion under this 
subsection shall apply notwithstanding that the promotion is not 
otherwise authorized by law.
    ``(b) Notice to Congress.--The Secretary may not make an honorary 
promotion pursuant to subsection (a) until 60 days after the date on 
which the Secretary submits to the Committees on Armed Services of the 
Senate and the House of Representatives a notice of the determination 
to make the promotion, including a detailed discussion of the rationale 
supporting the determination.
    ``(c) Notice of Promotion.--Upon making an honorary promotion 
pursuant to subsection (a), the Secretary shall expeditiously notify 
the former member or retired member concerned, or the next of kin of 
such former member or retired member if such former member or retired 
member is deceased, of the promotion.
    ``(d) Nature of Promotion.--Any promotion pursuant to this section 
is honorary, and shall not affect the pay, retired pay, or other 
benefits from the United States to which the former member or retired 
member concerned is entitled or would have been entitled based on the 
military service of such former member or retired member, nor affect 
any benefits to which any other person is or may become entitled based 
on the military service of such former member or retired member.''.
    (b) Modification of Authorities on Review of Proposals From 
Congress.--
            (1) Standardization of authorities with authorities on dod 
        initiative.--Section 1563 of title 10, United States Code, is 
        amended--
                    (A) in subsection (a)--
                            (i) in the first sentence, by striking 
                        ``the posthumous or honorary promotion or 
                        appointment of a member or former member of the 
                        armed forces, or any other person considered 
                        qualified,'' and inserting ``the honorary 
                        promotion (whether or not posthumous) of a 
                        former member or retired member of the armed 
                        forces''; and
                            (ii) in the second sentence, by striking 
                        ``the posthumous or honorary promotion or 
                        appointment'' and inserting ``the promotion''; 
                        and
                    (B) in subsection (b), by striking ``the posthumous 
                or honorary promotion or appointment'' and inserting 
                ``the honorary promotion''.
            (2) Authority to make honorary promotions following review 
        of proposals.--Such section is further amended--
                    (A) by redesignating subsection (c) as subsection 
                (d); and
                    (B) by inserting after subsection (b) the following 
                new subsection (c):
    ``(c) Authority To Make.--(1) Under regulations prescribed by the 
Secretary of Defense, the Secretary of Defense may make an honorary 
promotion (whether or not posthumous) of a former member or retired 
member of the armed forces to any grade not exceeding the grade of 
major general, rear admiral (upper half), or an equivalent grade in the 
Space Force following the submittal of the determination of the 
Secretary concerned under subsection (b) in connection with the 
proposal for the promotion if the determination is to approve the 
making of the promotion.
    ``(2) The Secretary of Defense may not make an honorary promotion 
under this subsection until 60 days after the date on which the 
Secretary concerned submits the determination in connection with the 
proposal for the promotion under subsection (b), and the detailed 
rationale supporting the determination as described in that subsection, 
to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of 
Representatives and the requesting Member in accordance with that 
subsection.
    ``(3) The authority to make an honorary promotion under this 
subsection shall apply notwithstanding that the promotion is not 
otherwise authorized by law.
    ``(4) Any promotion pursuant to this subsection is honorary, and 
shall not affect the pay, retired pay, or other benefits from the 
United States to which the former member or retired member concerned is 
or would have been entitled based upon the military service of such 
former member or retired member, nor affect any benefits to which any 
other person may become entitled based on the military service of such 
former member or retired member.''.
            (3) Heading amendment.--The heading of such section is 
        amended to read as follows:
``Sec. 1563. Consideration of proposals from Members of Congress for 
              honorary promotions: procedures for review and 
              promotion''.
    (c) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning of 
chapter 80 of such title is amended by striking the item relating to 
section 1563 and inserting the following new items:

``1563. Consideration of proposals from Members of Congress for 
                            honorary promotions: procedures for review 
                            and promotion.
``1563a. Honorary promotions on the initiative of the Department of 
                            Defense.''.

Subtitle G--Defense Dependents' Education and Military Family Readiness 
                                Matters

             PART I--DEFENSE DEPENDENTS' EDUCATION MATTERS

SEC. 561. CONTINUATION OF AUTHORITY TO ASSIST LOCAL EDUCATIONAL 
              AGENCIES THAT BENEFIT DEPENDENTS OF MEMBERS OF THE ARMED 
              FORCES AND DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE CIVILIAN EMPLOYEES.

    (a) Assistance to Schools With Significant Numbers of Military 
Dependent Students.--Of the amount authorized to be appropriated for 
fiscal year 2021 by section 301 and available for operation and 
maintenance for Defense-wide activities as specified in the funding 
table in section 4301, $50,000,000 shall be available only for the 
purpose of providing assistance to local educational agencies under 
subsection (a) of section 572 of the National Defense Authorization Act 
for Fiscal Year 2006 (Public Law 109-163; 20 U.S.C. 7703b).
    (b) Local Educational Agency Defined.--In this section, the term 
``local educational agency'' has the meaning given that term in section 
7013(9) of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965 (20 
U.S.C. 7713(9)).

SEC. 562. IMPACT AID FOR CHILDREN WITH SEVERE DISABILITIES.

    (a) In General.--Of the amount authorized to be appropriated for 
fiscal year 2021 pursuant to section 301 and available for operation 
and maintenance for Defense-wide activities as specified in the funding 
table in section 4301, $10,000,000 shall be available for payments 
under section 363 of the Floyd D. Spence National Defense Authorization 
Act for Fiscal Year 2001 (as enacted into law by Public Law 106-398; 
114 Stat. 1654A-77; 20 U.S.C. 7703a).
    (b) Additional Amount.--Of the amount authorized to be appropriated 
for fiscal year 2021 pursuant to section 301 and available for 
operation and maintenance for Defense-wide activities as specified in 
the funding table in section 4301, $10,000,000 shall be available for 
use by the Secretary of Defense to make payments to local educational 
agencies determined by the Secretary to have higher concentrations of 
military children with severe disabilities.
    (c) Report.--Not later than March 1, 2021, the Secretary shall 
brief the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of 
Representatives on the Department's evaluation of each local 
educational agency with higher concentrations of military children with 
severe disabilities and subsequent determination of the amounts of 
impact aid each such agency shall receive.

SEC. 563. STAFFING OF DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE EDUCATION ACTIVITY SCHOOLS 
              TO MAINTAIN MAXIMUM STUDENT-TO-TEACHER RATIOS.

    (a) In General.--The Department of Defense Education Activity 
(DoDEA) shall staff elementary and secondary schools operated by the 
Activity so as to maintain, to the extent practicable, student-to-
teacher ratios that do not exceed the maximum student-to-teacher ratios 
specified in subsection (b).
    (b) Maximum Student-to-teacher Ratios.--The maximum student-to-
teacher ratios specified in this subsection are the following:
            (1) For each of grades kindergarten through 3, a ratio of 
        18 students to 1 teacher (18:1).
            (2) For each of grades 4 through 12, a ratio equal to the 
        average student-to-teacher ratio for such grade among all 
        Department of Defense Education Activity schools during the 
        2019-2020 academic year.
    (c) Sunset.--The requirement to staff schools in accordance with 
subsection (a) shall expire at the end of the 2023-2024 academic year 
of the Department of Defense Education Activity.

SEC. 564. MATTERS IN CONNECTION WITH FREE APPROPRIATE PUBLIC EDUCATION 
              FOR DEPENDENTS OF MEMBERS OF THE ARMED FORCES WITH 
              SPECIAL NEEDS.

    (a) Information on Disputes Regarding Receipt of Free Appropriate 
Public Education by Special Needs Dependents.--
            (1) In general.--Each Secretary of a military department 
        shall collect and maintain information on special education 
        disputes filed by members of the Armed Forces under the 
        jurisdiction of such Secretary.
            (2) Information.--The information collected and maintained 
        pursuant to this subsection shall include the following:
                    (A) The number of special education disputes filed.
                    (B) The outcome or disposition of the disputes.
            (3) Source of information.--The information collected and 
        maintained pursuant to this subsection shall be derived from 
        the following:
                    (A) Records and reports of case managers and 
                navigators under the Exceptional Family Member Program 
                (EFMP) of the Department of Defense.
                    (B) Reports of members of the Armed Forces 
                concerned to installation or other military leadership.
                    (C) Such other sources as the Secretary of the 
                military department concerned considers appropriate.
            (4) Annual reports.-- Each Secretary of a military 
        department shall submit each year to the Office of Special 
        Needs of the Department of Defense a report on the information 
        collected by such Secretary pursuant to this subsection during 
        the preceding year.
    (b) Comptroller General of the United States Study.--
            (1) In general.--The Comptroller General of the United 
        States shall conduct a study on the following:
                    (A) The consequences for a State or local 
                educational agency of a finding of failure to provide a 
                free appropriate public education to a military 
                dependent.
                    (B) The manner in which local educational agencies 
                with military families use the following:
                            (i) Funds received under section 7003(d) of 
                        the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 
                        1965 (20 U.S.C. 7703(d)).
                            (ii) Funds authorized to be appropriated by 
                        annual national defense authorization Acts and 
                        made available for impact aid for child with 
                        severe disabilities under section 363 of the 
                        Floyd D. Spence National Defense Authorization 
                        Act for Fiscal Year 2001 (20 U.S.C. 7703a).
                            (iii) Funds authorized to be appropriated 
                        by annual national defense authorization Acts 
                        and made available for assistance to schools 
                        with significant number of military dependent 
                        students under subsection (a) of section 572 of 
                        the National Defense Authorization Act for 
                        Fiscal Year 2006 (20 U.S.C. 7703b).
                    (C) The efficacy of attorney and other legal 
                support for military families in special education 
                disputes.
                    (D) The standardization of policies and guidance 
                for School Liaison Officers between the Office of 
                Special Needs of the Department of Defense and the 
                military departments, and the efficacy of such policies 
                and guidance.
                    (E) The improvements of family support programs of 
                the Office of Special Needs, and of each military 
                department, in light of the recommendations of the 
                Comptroller General in the report entitled ``DOD Should 
                Improve Its Oversight of the Exceptional Family Member 
                Program'', GAO-18-348.
            (2) Recommendations.--In conducting the study, the 
        Comptroller General shall develop recommendations on the 
        following:
                    (A) Improvements and enhancements to oversight and 
                enforcement of compliance by local educational agencies 
                with requirements for the provision of a free 
                appropriate public education to military dependents 
                with special needs.
                    (B) Improvements to the policies of the Office of 
                Special Needs, and of each military department, with 
                respect to the standardization and efficacy of policies 
                and programs for military dependents with special 
                needs.
            (3) Deadline for completion.--The Comptroller General shall 
        complete the study by not later than March 31, 2021.
            (4) Briefing and report.--Upon completion of the study, the 
        Comptroller General shall brief the Committees on Armed 
        Services of the Senate and the House of Representatives on the 
        results of the study, and shall submit to such committees a 
        report on such results.
    (c) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) The term ``free appropriate public education'' includes 
        appropriate special education and related services required 
        under the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (20 
        U.S.C. 1400 et seq.)
            (2) The term ``local educational agency'' has the meaning 
        given that term in section 8101 of the Elementary and Secondary 
        Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 7801).
            (3) The term ``special education dispute'' means a 
        complaint filed regarding the education provided a child with a 
        disability (as defined in section 602 of the Individuals with 
        Disabilities Education Act (20 U.S.C. 1401), including a 
        complaint filed in accordance with section 615 or 639 of such 
        Act (20 U.S.C. 1415, 1439).

SEC. 565. PILOT PROGRAM ON EXPANDED ELIGIBILITY FOR DEPARTMENT OF 
              DEFENSE EDUCATION ACTIVITY VIRTUAL HIGH SCHOOL PROGRAM.

    (a) Pilot Program Required.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense shall carry out a 
        pilot program on permitting dependents of members of the Armed 
        Forces on active duty to enroll in the Department of Defense 
        Education Activity Virtual High School program (in this section 
        referred to as the ``DVHS program'').
            (2) Purposes.--The purposes of the pilot program shall be 
        as follows:
                    (A) To evaluate the feasibility and scalability of 
                the DVHS program.
                    (B) To assess the impact of expanded enrollment in 
                the DVHS program under the pilot program on military 
                and family readiness.
            (3) Duration.--The duration of the pilot program shall be 
        four academic years.
    (b) Participants.--
            (1) In general.--Participants in the pilot program shall be 
        selected by the Secretary from among dependents of members of 
        the Armed Forces on active duty who--
                    (A) are in a grade 9 through 12;
                    (B) are currently ineligible to enroll in the DVHS 
                program; and
                    (C) either--
                            (i) require supplementary courses to meet 
                        graduation requirements in the current State of 
                        residence; or
                            (ii) otherwise demonstrate to the Secretary 
                        a clear need to participate in the DVHS 
                        program.
            (2) Preference in selection.--In selecting participants in 
        the pilot program, the Secretary shall afford a preference to 
        the following:
                    (A) Dependents who reside in a rural area.
                    (B) Dependents who are home-schooled students.
            (3) Limitations.--The total number of course enrollments 
        per academic year authorized under the pilot program may not 
        exceed 400 course enrollments. No single dependent 
        participating in the pilot program may take more than two 
        courses per academic year under the pilot program.
    (c) Reports.--
            (1) Interim report.--Not later than two years after the 
        date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall submit 
        to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House 
        of Representatives an interim report on the pilot program.
            (2) Final report.--Not later than 180 days after the 
        completion of the pilot program, the Secretary shall submit to 
        the committees of Congress referred to in paragraph (1) a final 
        report on the pilot programs.
            (3) Elements.--Each report under this subsection shall 
        include the following:
                    (A) A description of the demographics of the 
                dependents participating in the pilot program through 
                the date of such report.
                    (B) Data on, and an assessment of, student 
                performance in virtual coursework by dependents 
                participating in the pilot program over the duration of 
                the pilot program.
                    (C) Such recommendation as the Secretary considers 
                appropriate on whether to make the pilot program 
                permanent.
    (d) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) The term ``rural area'' has the meaning given the term 
        in section 520 of the Housing Act of 1949 (42 U.S.C. 1490).
            (2) The term ``home-schooled student'' means a student in a 
        grade equivalent to grade 9 through 12 who receives educational 
        instruction at home or by other non-traditional means outside 
        of a public or private school system, either all or most of the 
        time.

SEC. 566. PILOT PROGRAM ON EXPANSION OF ELIGIBILITY FOR ENROLLMENT AT 
              DOMESTIC DEPENDENT ELEMENTARY AND SECONDARY SCHOOLS.

    (a) Pilot Program Required.--Beginning not later than 180 days 
after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense 
shall carry out a pilot program under which a dependent of a full-time, 
active-duty member of the Armed Forces may enroll in a covered DODEA 
school at the military installation to which the member is assigned, on 
a space-available basis as described in subsection (c), without regard 
to whether the member resides on the installation as described in 
2164(a)(1) of title 10, United States Code.
    (b) Purposes.--The purposes of the pilot program under this section 
are--
            (1) to evaluate the feasibility and advisability of 
        expanding enrollment in covered DODEA schools; and
            (2) to determine how increased access to such schools will 
        affect military and family readiness.
    (c) Enrollment on Space-available Basis.--A student participating 
in the pilot program under this section may be enrolled in a covered 
DODEA school only if the school has the capacity to accept the student, 
as determined by the Director of the Department of Defense Education 
Activity.
    (d) Locations.--The Secretary of Defense shall carry out the pilot 
program under this section at not more than four military installations 
at which covered DODEA schools are located. The Secretary shall select 
military installations for participation in the pilot program based 
on--
            (1) the readiness needs of the Secretary of a the military 
        department concerned; and
            (2) the capacity of the DODEA schools located at the 
        installation to accept additional students, as determined by 
        the Director of the Department of Defense Education Activity.
    (e) Termination.--The authority to carry out the pilot program 
under this section shall terminate four years after the date of the 
enactment of this Act.
    (f) Covered DODEA School Defined.--In this section, the term 
``covered DODEA school'' means a domestic dependent elementary or 
secondary school operated by the Department of Defense Education 
Activity that--
            (1) has been established on or before the date of the 
        enactment of this Act; and
            (2) is located in the continental United States.

SEC. 567. COMPTROLLER GENERAL OF THE UNITED STATES REPORT ON THE 
              STRUCTURAL CONDITION OF DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE EDUCATION 
              ACTIVITY SCHOOLS.

    (a) Report Required.--Not later than one year after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Comptroller General of the United States 
shall submit to the congressional defense committees a report setting 
forth an assessment by the Comptroller General of the structural 
condition of schools of the Department of Defense Education Activity, 
both within the continental United States (CONUS) and outside the 
continental United States (OCONUS).
    (b) Virtual Schools.--The report shall include an assessment of the 
virtual infrastructure or other means by which students attend 
Department of Defense Education Activity schools that have no physical 
structure, including the satisfaction of the military families 
concerned with such infrastructure or other means.

               PART II--MILITARY FAMILY READINESS MATTERS

SEC. 571. RESPONSIBILITY FOR ALLOCATION OF CERTAIN FUNDS FOR MILITARY 
              CHILD DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMS.

    Section 1791 of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) by inserting ``(a) Policy.--'' before ``It is the 
        policy''; and
            (2) by adding at the end the following new subsection:
    ``(b) Responsibility for Allocations of Certain Funds.--The 
Secretary of Defense shall be responsible for the allocation of Office 
of the Secretary of Defense level funds for military child development 
programs for children from birth through 12 years of age, and may not 
delegate such responsibility to the military departments.''.

SEC. 572. IMPROVEMENTS TO EXCEPTIONAL FAMILY MEMBER PROGRAM.

    Section 1781c of title 10, United States Code is amended--
            (1) in subsection (b), by striking ``enhance'' and 
        inserting ``standardize, enhance,'';
            (2) in subsection (c)(1), by inserting ``and standard'' 
        after ``comprehensive'';
            (3) in subsection (d)--
                    (A) in paragraph (1), by striking ``update from 
                time to time'' and inserting ``regularly update'';
                    (B) in paragraph (3), by adding at the end the 
                following new subparagraphs:
                    ``(C) Ability to request a second review of the 
                approved assignment within or outside the continental 
                United States if the member believes the location is 
                inappropriate for the member's family and would cause 
                undue hardship.
                    ``(D) Protection from having a medical 
                recommendation for an approved assignment overriden by 
                the commanding officer.
                    ``(E) Ability to request continuation of location 
                when there is a documented substantial risk of 
                transferring medical care or educational services to a 
                new provider or school at the specific time of 
                permanent change of station.
                    ``(F) If an order for assignment is declined for a 
                military family with special needs, the member will 
                receive a reason for the decline of that order.''; and
                    (C) in paragraph (4), by adding at the end the 
                following new subparagraphs:
                    ``(H) Procedures to right-size the Department's 
                Exceptional Family Member Program to ensure efficient 
                and effective enrollment, for sufficient staffing 
                dedicated to providing family support services, to 
                include comprehensive training, education and outreach 
                services, and sufficient oversight and administrative 
                support for effective program operation.
                    ``(I) Requirements to prohibit disenrollment from 
                the Exceptional Family Member Program unless there is 
                new supporting medical or educational information that 
                indicates the original condition is no longer present, 
                and to track disenrollment data per military 
                service.'';
            (4) by redesignating subsections (f), (g), and (h) as 
        subsections (g), (h), and (i), respectively; and
            (5) by inserting after subsection (e) the following new 
        subsection:
    ``(f) Metrics.--The Secretary of Defense shall implement 
performance metrics for measuring, across the Department and with 
respect to each military department, the following:
            ``(1) Assignment coordination and support for military 
        families with special needs, including a systematic process for 
        evaluating each military department's program for the support 
        of military families with special needs.
            ``(2) The reassignment of military families with special 
        needs, including how often members request reassignments, for 
        what reasons, and from what military installations.
            ``(3) The level of satisfaction of military families with 
        special needs with the family and medical support they are 
        provided.''.

SEC. 573. PROCEDURES OF THE OFFICE OF SPECIAL NEEDS FOR THE DEVELOPMENT 
              OF INDIVIDUALIZED SERVICES PLANS FOR MILITARY FAMILIES 
              WITH SPECIAL NEEDS.

    Section 1781c(d)(4) of title 10, United States Code, as amended by 
section 572(3)(C) of this Act, is further amended--
            (1) in subparagraph (F), by striking ``of an individualized 
        services plan (medical and educational)'' and inserting ``by an 
        appropriate office of an individualized services plan (whether 
        medical, educational, or both)'';
            (2) by redesignating subparagraphs (G), (H), and (I) as 
        subparagraph (H), (I), and (J), respectively; and
            (3) by inserting after subparagraph (F) the following new 
        paragraph (G):
            ``(G) Procedures for the development of an individualized 
        services plan for military family members with special needs 
        who have requested family support services and have a completed 
        family needs assessment.''.

SEC. 574. RESTATEMENT AND CLARIFICATION OF AUTHORITY TO REIMBURSE 
              MEMBERS FOR SPOUSE RELICENSING COSTS PURSUANT TO A 
              PERMANENT CHANGE OF STATION.

    (a) In General.--Section 453 of title 37, United States Code, is 
amended by adding at the end the following new subsection:
    ``(g) Reimbursement of Qualifying Spouse Relicensing Costs Incident 
to a Member's Permanent Change of Station or Assignment.--(1) From 
amounts otherwise made available for a fiscal year to provide travel 
and transportation allowances under this chapter, the Secretary 
concerned may reimburse a member of the armed forces for qualified 
relicensing costs of the spouse of the member when--
            ``(A) the member is reassigned, either as a permanent 
        change of station or permanent change of assignment, between 
        duty stations located in separate jurisdictions with unique 
        licensing or certification requirements and authorities; and
            ``(B) the movement of the member's dependents is authorized 
        at the expense of the United States under this section as part 
        of the reassignment.
    ``(2) Reimbursement provided to a member under this subsection may 
not exceed $1000 in connection with each reassignment described in 
paragraph (1).
    ``(3) No reimbursement may be provided under this subsection for 
qualified relicensing costs paid or incurred after December 31, 2024.
    ``(4) In this subsection, the term `qualified relicensing costs' 
means costs, including exam, continuing education courses, and 
registration fees, incurred by the spouse of a member if--
            ``(A) the spouse was licensed or certified in a profession 
        during the member's previous duty assignment and requires a new 
        license or certification to engage in that profession in a new 
        jurisdiction because of movement described in paragraph (1)(B) 
        in connection with the member's change in duty location 
        pursuant to reassignment described in paragraph (1)(A); and
            ``(B) the costs were incurred or paid to secure or maintain 
        the license or certification from the new jurisdiction in 
        connection with such reassignment.''.
    (b) Repeal of Superseded Authority.--Section 476 of such title is 
amended by striking subsection (p).

SEC. 575. IMPROVEMENTS TO DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE TRACKING OF AND 
              RESPONSE TO INCIDENTS OF CHILD ABUSE INVOLVING MILITARY 
              DEPENDENTS ON MILITARY INSTALLATIONS.

    (a) Improvements Required.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense shall, consistent 
        with recommendations of the Comptroller General of the United 
        States in Government Accountability Office report GA0-20-110, 
        take actions in accordance with this section in order to 
        improve the efforts of the Department of Defense to track and 
        respond to incidents of child abuse involving dependents of 
        members of the Armed Forces that occur on military 
        installations (in this section referred to as ``covered 
        incidents of child abuse'').
            (2) Child abuse.--For purposes of this section, child abuse 
        includes any abuse of a child, including sexual abuse, 
        emotional abuse, and neglect.
    (b) Data Collection and Tracking of Incidents of Child Abuse.--
            (1) Tracking of non-caregiver abuse.--The Secretary of 
        Defense shall establish a process for the Department of Defense 
        Family Advocacy Program to track reported covered incidents of 
        child abuse in which the alleged offender is not a parent, 
        guardian, or someone in a caregiving role at the time of the 
        incident. The information so tracked shall comport with the 
        information tracked by the Department of Defense in reported 
        covered incidents of child abuse in which the alleged offender 
        is a parent, guardian, or someone in a caregiving role at the 
        time of the incident.
            (2) Centralized database for tracking of incidents.--
                    (A) In general.--The Secretary shall develop and 
                maintain in the Department of Defense a centralized 
                database to track information across the Department on 
                all covered incidents of child abuse that are reported 
                to the Family Advocacy Program or investigated by a 
                military criminal investigation organization, 
                regardless of whether the alleged offender was another 
                child, an adult, or someone in a non-caregiving role at 
                the time of an incident.
                    (B) Elements.--The centralized database required by 
                this paragraph shall include, for each incident within 
                the database, the following:
                            (i) Information pertinent to a 
                        determination by the Family Advocacy Program 
                        whether such incident meets the criteria of the 
                        Department for treatment as an incident of 
                        child abuse.
                            (ii) The results of any investigation of 
                        such incident by a military criminal 
                        investigation organization.
                            (iii) Information on the ultimate 
                        disposition of the incident, if any, including 
                        any administrative or prosecutorial action 
                        taken.
                    (C) Annual reports on information.--The information 
                collected and maintained in the centralized database 
                shall be reported on an annual basis as part of the 
                annual reports from the Family Advocacy Program on 
                child abuse and domestic abuse in the military as 
                required by section 574 of the National Defense 
                Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-
                328; 130 Stat. 2141).
                    (D) Briefings.--Not later than March 31, 2021, and 
                every six months thereafter until the centralized 
                database required by this paragraph is fully 
                operational, the Secretary shall brief the Committees 
                on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of 
                Representatives on the status of the database.
            (3) Department of defense education activity guidance.--The 
        Department of Defense Education Activity (DoDEA) shall issue 
        clarifications of its guidance on the incidents of child-on-
        child abuse that qualify as serious incidents for purposes of 
        requirements for the reporting of such serious incidents by 
        school administrators to Activity leadership.
    (c) Response Procedures.--
            (1) Incident determination committee membership.--The 
        Department of Defense Family Advocacy Program shall ensure that 
        the voting membership of each Incident Determination Committee 
        on a military installation includes medical personnel with the 
        requisite knowledge and expertise to determine whether a 
        reported covered incident of abuse meets the criteria of the 
        Department of Defense for treatment as child abuse.
            (2) Screening reported incidents of child abuse.--
                    (A) Development of standardized process.--The 
                Department of Defense Family Advocacy Program shall 
                develop a standardized process by which the Family 
                Advocacy Programs of the military departments screen 
                reported covered incidents of child abuse to determine 
                whether to present such incident to an Incident 
                Determination Committee.
                    (B) Monitoring.--The Secretary of each military 
                department shall develop a process to monitor the 
                manner in which reported covered incidents of child 
                abuse are screened by each installation under the 
                jurisdiction of such Secretary in order to ensure that 
                such screening complies with the standardized screening 
                process developed pursuant to subparagraph (A).
            (3) Required notifications.--
                    (A) Documentation.--The Secretary of each military 
                department shall require that installation Family 
                Advocacy Programs and military criminal investigation 
                organizations under the jurisdiction of such Secretary 
                document in their respective databases the date on 
                which they notified the other of a reported covered 
                incident of child abuse.
                    (B) Oversight.--The Secretary of each military 
                department shall require that the Family Advocacy 
                Program of such military department, and the 
                headquarters of the military criminal investigation 
                organizations of such military department, to develop 
                processes to oversee the documentation of notifications 
                required by subparagraph (A) in order to ensure that 
                such notifications occur on a consistent basis at 
                installation level.
            (4) Certified pediatric sexual assault forensic 
        examiners.--
                    (A) Geographic regions for examiners.--The Under 
                Secretary of Defense for Personnel and Readiness shall 
                specify geographic regions in which military families 
                reside for purposes of the availability of and access 
                to certified pediatric sexual assault examiners in such 
                regions.
                    (B) Availability.--The Under Secretary shall ensure 
                that--
                            (i) one or more certified pediatric sexual 
                        assault examiners are located in each 
                        geographic region specified pursuant to 
                        subparagraph (A); and
                            (ii) examiners so located serve as 
                        certified pediatric sexual assault examiners 
                        throughout such region, without regard to Armed 
                        Force or installation.
            (5) Removal of children from unsafe homes overseas.--The 
        Secretary of Defense shall, in consultation with the 
        Secretaries of the military departments, issue policy that 
        clarifies and standardizes across the Armed Forces the 
        circumstances under which a commander may remove a child from a 
        potentially unsafe home at an installation overseas.
            (6) Resource guide for families affected by child abuse.--
                    (A) In general.--The Secretary of each military 
                department shall develop and maintain a comprehensive 
                guide on resources available through the Department of 
                Defense and such military department for military 
                families under this jurisdiction of such Secretary who 
                are affected by child abuse.
                    (B) Elements.--Each guide under this paragraph 
                shall include the following:
                            (i) Information on the response processes 
                        of the Family Advocacy Programs and military 
                        criminal investigation organizations of the 
                        military department concerned.
                            (ii) Lists of available support services, 
                        such as legal, medical, and victim advocacy 
                        services, through the Department of Defense and 
                        the military department concerned.
                    (C) Distribution.--A resource guide under this 
                paragraph shall be presented to a military family by an 
                installation Family Advocacy Program and military 
                criminal investigation personnel at the time a covered 
                incident of child abuse involving a child in such 
                family is reported.
                    (D) Availability on internet.--A current version of 
                each resource guide under this paragraph shall be 
                available to the public on an Internet website of the 
                military department concerned available to the public.
    (d) Coordination and Collaboration With Non-military Resources.--
            (1) Coordination with states.--The Secretary of Defense 
        shall--
                    (A) continue the outreach efforts of the Department 
                of Defense to the States in order to ensure that States 
                are notified when a member of the Armed Forces or a 
                military dependent is involved in a reported incident 
                of child abuse off a military installation; and
                    (B) increase efforts at information sharing between 
                the Department and the States on such incidents of 
                child abuse, including entry into memoranda of 
                understanding with State child welfare agencies on 
                information sharing in connection with such incidents.
            (2) Collaboration with national children's alliance.--
                    (A) Memoranda of understanding.--The Secretary of 
                each military department shall seek to enter into a 
                memorandum of understanding with the National 
                Children's Alliance under which--
                            (i) the children's advocacy center services 
                        of the Alliance are available to all 
                        installations in the continental United States 
                        under the jurisdiction of such Secretary; and
                            (ii) members of the Armed Forces under the 
                        jurisdiction of such Secretary are made aware 
                        of the nature and availability of such 
                        services.
                    (B) Participation of certain entities.--Each 
                memorandum of understanding under this paragraph shall 
                provide for the appropriate participation of the Family 
                Advocacy Program and military criminal investigation 
                organizations of the military department concerned in 
                activities under such memorandum of understanding.
                    (C) Briefing.--Not later than one year after the 
                date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of 
                each military department shall provide to the 
                Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the 
                House of Representatives a briefing on the status of 
                the development of a memorandum of understanding with 
                the National Children's Alliance under this paragraph, 
                together with information on which installations, if 
                any, under the jurisdiction of such Secretary have 
                entered into a written agreement with a local 
                children's advocacy center with respect to child abuse 
                on such installations.

SEC. 576. MILITARY CHILD CARE AND CHILD DEVELOPMENT CENTER MATTERS.

    (a) Center Fees Matters.--Section 1793 of title 10, United States 
Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new subsections:
    ``(c) Liberal Issuance of Hardship Waivers.--The regulations 
prescribed pursuant to subsection (a) shall require that installation 
commanders issue waivers of fees otherwise established under the 
regulations for inability to pay (commonly referred to as `hardship 
waivers') on a liberal basis in a manner consistent (as specified by 
the Secretary in such regulations) with ensuring that fees collected 
pursuant to subsection (a) meet the operating expenses of the child 
development centers concerned.
    ``(d) Family Discount.--In the case of a family with two or more 
children attending a child development center, the regulations 
prescribed pursuant to subsection (a) shall require that installations 
commanders charge a fee for attendance at the center of any child of 
the family after the first child of the family in amount equal to 85 
percent of the amount of the fee otherwise chargeable for the 
attendance of such child at the center.''.
    (b) Child Care Fee Assistance Programs Throughout the Armed 
Forces.--
            (1) Programs authorized.--Each Secretary of a military 
        department may carry out a program for each Armed Force under 
        the jurisdiction of such Secretary under which a member of the 
        Armed Forces who is obtaining child care services from a 
        civilian child care services provider located off a military 
        installation is paid (subject to any limitation established by 
        such Secretary) a monthly amount equal to the amount, if any, 
        by which--
                    (A) the monthly amount charged by such provider for 
                such services; exceeds
                    (B) the monthly amount the military department 
                concerned pays or otherwise provides members at such 
                installation for child care services on such 
                installation.
            (2) Model.--Any program carried out pursuant to paragraph 
        (1) shall be modeled after the Army Fee Assistance Program, and 
        incorporate such modifications to that Program as the Secretary 
        of the military department concerned considers appropriate.
            (3) Secretary of defense approval.--Any program of an Armed 
        Force under paragraph (1) shall be subject to the approval of 
        the Secretary of Defense.
    (c) Additional Actions To Obtain Qualified Child Care Employees.--
            (1) In general.--Section 1792 of title 10, United States 
        Code, is amended--
                    (A) by redesignating subsection (d) as subsection 
                (e); and
                    (B) by inserting after subsection (c) the following 
                new subsection (d):
    ``(d) Additional Actions To Obtain Qualified Employees.--Each 
Secretary of a military department may, with the approval of the 
Secretary of Defense, take actions in addition to actions authorized by 
subsection (c) to provide military child development centers under the 
jurisdiction of such Secretary with a qualified and stable civilian 
workforce, including actions as follows:
            ``(1) Enhanced marketing and recruitment for employment.
            ``(2) Provision to employees of education-related benefits, 
        including tuition assistance and student loan repayment 
        programs.
            ``(3) Availability and enhancement of wellness and physical 
        fitness programs for employees.
            ``(4) Provision of such other competitive benefits as the 
        Secretary of the military department and the Secretary of 
        Defense jointly consider appropriate.''.
            (2) Reports on installations with extreme imbalance between 
        demand for and availability of child care.--Not later than one 
        year after the date of the enactment of this Act, each 
        Secretary of a military department shall submit to Congress a 
        report on the military installations under the jurisdiction of 
        such Secretary with an extreme imbalance between demand for 
        child care and availability of child care. Each report shall 
        include, for the military department covered by such report, 
        the following:
                    (A) The name of the five installations of the 
                military department experiencing the most extreme 
                imbalance between demand for child care and 
                availability of child care.
                    (B) For each installation named pursuant to 
                subparagraph (A), the following:
                            (i) An assessment whether civilian 
                        employees at child development centers at such 
                        installation have rates of pay and benefits 
                        that are competitive with other civilian 
                        employees on such installation and with the 
                        civilian labor pool in the vicinity of such 
                        installation.
                            (ii) A description and assessment of 
                        various incentives to encourage military 
                        spouses to become providers under the Family 
                        Child Care program at such installation.
                            (iii) Such recommendations at the Secretary 
                        of the military department concerned considers 
                        appropriate to address the imbalance between 
                        demand for child care and availability of child 
                        care at such installation, including 
                        recommendations to enhance the competitiveness 
                        of civilian child care positions at such 
                        installation with other civilian positions at 
                        such installation and the civilian labor pool 
                        in the vicinity of such installation.

SEC. 577. EXPANSION OF FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE UNDER MY CAREER ADVANCEMENT 
              ACCOUNT PROGRAM.

    Section 580F of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 2020 (Public Law 116-92) is amended--
            (1) by inserting ``(a) Professional License or 
        Certification; Associate's Degree.--'' before ``The 
        Secretary'';
            (2) by inserting ``or maintenance (including continuing 
        education courses)'' after ``pursuit''; and
            (3) by adding at the end the following new subsection:
    ``(b) National Testing.--Financial assistance under subsection (a) 
may be applied to the costs of national tests that may earn a 
participating military spouse course credits required for a degree 
approved under the program (including the College Level Examination 
Program tests).''.

                       Subtitle H--Other Matters

SEC. 586. REMOVAL OF PERSONALLY IDENTIFYING AND OTHER INFORMATION OF 
              CERTAIN PERSONS FROM INVESTIGATIVE REPORTS, THE 
              DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE CENTRAL INDEX OF INVESTIGATIONS, 
              AND OTHER RECORDS AND DATABASES.

    (a) Policy and Process Required.--Not later than October 1, 2021, 
the Secretary of Defense shall establish and maintain a policy and 
process through which any covered person may request that the person's 
name, personally identifying information, and other information 
pertaining to the person shall, in accordance with subsection (c), be 
corrected in, or expunged or otherwise removed from, the following:
            (1) A law enforcement or criminal investigative report of 
        the Department of Defense or any component of the Department.
            (2) An index item or entry in the Department of Defense 
        Central Index of Investigations (DCII).
            (3) Any other record maintained in connection with a report 
        described in paragraph (1), or an index item or entry described 
        in paragraph (2), in any system of records, records database, 
        records center, or repository maintained by or on behalf of the 
        Department.
    (b) Covered Persons.--For purposes of this section, a covered 
person is any person whose name was placed or reported, or is 
maintained--
            (1) in the subject or title block of a law enforcement or 
        criminal investigative report of the Department of Defense (or 
        any component of the Department);
            (2) as an item or entry in the Department of Defense 
        Central Index of Investigations; or
            (3) in any other record maintained in connection with a 
        report described in paragraph (1), or an index item or entry 
        described in paragraph (2), in any system of records, records 
        database, records center, or repository maintained by or on 
        behalf of the Department.
    (c) Elements.--The policy and process required by subsection (a) 
shall include the following elements:
            (1) Basis for correction or expungement.--That the name, 
        personally identifying information, and other information of a 
        covered person shall be corrected in, or expunged or otherwise 
        removed from, a report, item or entry, or record described in 
        paragraphs (1) through (3) of subsection (a) in the following 
        circumstances:
                    (A) Probable cause did not or does not exist to 
                believe that the offense for which the person's name 
                was placed or reported, or is maintained, in such 
                report, item or entry, or record occurred, or 
                insufficient evidence existed or exists to determine 
                whether or not such offense occurred.
                    (B) Probable cause did not or does not exist to 
                believe that the person actually committed the offense 
                for which the person's name was so placed or reported, 
                or is so maintained, or insufficient evidence existed 
                or exists to determine whether or not the person 
                actually committed such offense.
                    (C) Such other circumstances, or on such other 
                bases, as the Secretary may specify in establishing the 
                policy and process, which circumstances and bases may 
                not be inconsistent with the circumstances and bases 
                provided by subparagraphs (A) and (B).
            (2) Considerations.--While not dispositive as to the 
        existence of a circumstance or basis set forth in paragraph 
        (1), the following shall be considered in the determination 
        whether such circumstance or basis applies to a covered person 
        for purposes of this section:
                    (A) The extent or lack of corroborating evidence 
                against the covered person concerned with respect to 
                the offense at issue.
                    (B) Whether adverse administrative, disciplinary, 
                judicial, or other such action was initiated against 
                the covered person for the offense at issue.
                    (C) The type, nature, and outcome of any action 
                described in subparagraph (B) against the covered 
                person.
            (3) Procedures.--The policy and process required by 
        subsection (a) shall include procedures as follows:
                    (A) Procedures under which a covered person may 
                appeal a determination of the applicable component of 
                the Department of Defense denying, whether in whole or 
                in part, a request for purposes of subsection (a).
                    (B) Procedures under which the applicable component 
                of the Department will correct, expunge or remove, take 
                other appropriate action on, or assist a covered person 
                in so doing, any record maintained by a person, 
                organization, or entity outside of the Department to 
                which such component provided, submitted, or 
                transmitted information about the covered person, which 
                information has or will be corrected in, or expunged or 
                removed from, Department records pursuant to this 
                section.
                    (C) The timeline pursuant to which the Department, 
                or a component of the Department, as applicable, will 
                respond to each of the following:
                            (i) A request pursuant to subsection (a).
                            (ii) An appeal under the procedures 
                        required by subparagraph (A).
                            (iii) A request for assistance under the 
                        procedures required by subparagraph (B).
                    (D) Mechanisms through which the Department will 
                keep a covered person apprised of the progress of the 
                Department on a covered person's request or appeal as 
                described in subparagraph (C).
    (d) Applicability.--The policy and process required to be developed 
by the Secretary under subsection (a) shall not be subject to the 
notice and comment rulemaking requirements under section 553 of title 
5, United States Code.
    (e) Report.--Not later than October 1, 2021, the Secretary shall 
submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House 
of Representatives a report on the actions taken to carry out this 
section, including a comprehensive description of the policy and 
process developed and implemented by the Secretary under subsection 
(a).

SEC. 587. NATIONAL EMERGENCY EXCEPTION FOR TIMING REQUIREMENTS WITH 
              RESPECT TO CERTAIN SURVEYS OF MEMBERS OF THE ARMED 
              FORCES.

    (a) Members of Regular and Reserve Components.--Subsection (d) of 
section 481 of title 10, United States Code, is amended to read as 
follows:
    ``(d) When Surveys Required.--(1) The Armed Forces Workplace and 
Gender Relations Surveys of the Active Duty and the Armed Forces 
Workplace and Gender Relations Survey of the Reserve Components shall 
each be conducted once every two years. The surveys may be conducted 
within the same year or in two separate years, and shall be conducted 
in a manner designed to reduce the burden of the surveys on members of 
the armed forces.
    ``(2) The two Armed Forces Workplace and Equal Opportunity Surveys 
shall be conducted at least once every four years. The surveys may be 
conducted within the same year or in two separate years, and shall be 
conducted in a manner designed to reduce the burden of the surveys on 
members of the armed forces.
    ``(3)(A) The Secretary of Defense may postpone the conduct of a 
survey under this section if the Secretary determines that conducting 
such survey is not practicable due to a war or national emergency 
declared by the President or Congress.
    ``(B) The Secretary shall ensure that a survey postponed under 
subparagraph (A) is conducted as soon as practicable after the end of 
the period of war or national emergency concerned, or earlier if the 
Secretary determines appropriate.
    ``(C) The Secretary shall notify Congress of a determination under 
subparagraph (A) not later than 30 days after the date on which the 
Secretary makes such determination.''.
    (b) Cadets and Midshipmen.--
            (1) United states military academy.--Section 7461(c) of 
        title 10, United States Code, is amended by adding at the end 
        the following new paragraph:
    ``(3)(A) The Secretary of Defense may postpone the conduct of an 
assessment under this subsection if the Secretary determines that 
conducting such assessment is not practicable due to a war or national 
emergency declared by the President or Congress.
    ``(B) The Secretary of Defense shall ensure that an assessment 
postponed under subparagraph (A) is conducted as soon as practicable 
after the end of the period of war or national emergency concerned, or 
earlier if the Secretary determines appropriate.
    ``(C) The Secretary of Defense shall notify Congress of a 
determination under subparagraph (A) not later than 30 days after the 
date on which the Secretary makes such determination.''.
            (2) United states naval academy.--Section 8480(c) of such 
        title is amended by adding at the end the following new 
        paragraph:
    ``(3)(A) The Secretary of Defense may postpone the conduct of an 
assessment under this subsection if the Secretary determines that 
conducting such assessment is not practicable due to a war or national 
emergency declared by the President or Congress.
    ``(B) The Secretary of Defense shall ensure that an assessment 
postponed under subparagraph (A) is conducted as soon as practicable 
after the end of the period of war or national emergency concerned, or 
earlier if the Secretary determines appropriate.
    ``(C) The Secretary of Defense shall notify Congress of a 
determination under subparagraph (A) not later than 30 days after the 
date on which the Secretary makes such determination.''.
            (3) United states air force academy.--Section 9461(c) of 
        such title is amended by adding at the end the following new 
        paragraph:
    ``(3)(A) The Secretary of Defense may postpone the conduct of an 
assessment under this subsection if the Secretary determines that 
conducting such assessment is not practicable due to a war or national 
emergency declared by the President or Congress.
    ``(B) The Secretary of Defense shall ensure that an assessment 
postponed under subparagraph (A) is conducted as soon as practicable 
after the end of the period of war or national emergency concerned, or 
earlier if the Secretary determines appropriate.
    ``(C) The Secretary of Defense shall notify Congress of a 
determination under subparagraph (A) not later than 30 days after the 
date on which the Secretary makes such determination.''.
    (c) Department of Defense Civilian Employees.--Section 481a of 
title 10, United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the 
following new subsection:
    ``(d) Postponement.--(1) The Secretary of Defense may postpone the 
conduct of a survey under this section if the Secretary determines that 
conducting such survey is not practicable due to a war or national 
emergency declared by the President or Congress.
    ``(2) The Secretary shall ensure that a survey postponed under 
paragraph (1) is conducted as soon as practicable after the end of the 
period of war or national emergency concerned, or earlier if the 
Secretary determines appropriate.
    ``(3) The Secretary shall notify Congress of a determination under 
paragraph (1) not later than 30 days after the date on which the 
Secretary makes such determination.''.

SEC. 588. SUNSET AND TRANSFER OF FUNCTIONS OF THE PHYSICAL DISABILITY 
              BOARD OF REVIEW.

    Section 1554a of title 10, United States Code, is amended by adding 
at the end the following new subsection:
    ``(g) Sunset.--(1) On or after October 1, 2020, the Secretary of 
Defense may sunset the Physical Disability Board of Review under this 
section.
    ``(2) If the Secretary sunsets the Physical Disability Board of 
Review under paragraph (1), the Secretary shall transfer any remaining 
requests for review pending at that time, and shall assign any new 
requests for review under this section, to a board for the correction 
of military records operated by the Secretary concerned under section 
1552 of this title..
    ``(3) Subsection (c)(4) shall not apply with respect to any review 
conducted by a board for the correction of military records under 
paragraph (2).''.

SEC. 589. EXTENSION OF REPORTING DEADLINE FOR THE ANNUAL REPORT ON THE 
              ASSESSMENT OF THE EFFECTIVENESS OF ACTIVITIES OF THE 
              FEDERAL VOTING ASSISTANCE PROGRAM.

    (a) Elimination of Reports for Non-election Years.--Section 105A(b) 
of the Uniformed and Overseas Citizens Absentee Voting Act (52 U.S.C. 
20308(b)) is amended, in the matter preceding paragraph (1)--
            (1) by striking ``March 31 of each year'' and inserting 
        ``September 30 of each odd-numbered year''; and
            (2) by striking ``the following information'' and inserting 
        ``the following information with respect to the Federal 
        elections held during the preceding calendar year''.
    (b) Conforming Amendments.--Subsection (b) of section 105A of such 
Act (52 U.S.C. 20308(b)) is amended--
            (1) in the subsection heading, by striking ``Annual 
        Report'' and inserting ``Biennial Report''; and
            (2) in paragraph (3), by striking ``In the case of'' and 
        all that follows through ``a description'' and inserting ``A 
        description''.

SEC. 590. PILOT PROGRAMS ON REMOTE PROVISION BY NATIONAL GUARD TO STATE 
              GOVERNMENTS AND NATIONAL GUARDS OF OTHER STATES OF 
              CYBERSECURITY TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE IN TRAINING, 
              PREPARATION, AND RESPONSE TO CYBER INCIDENTS.

    (a) Pilot Programs Authorized.--The Secretary of the Army and the 
Secretary of the Air Force may each, in consultation with the Chief of 
the National Guard Bureau, conduct a pilot program to assess the 
feasibility and advisability of the development of a capability within 
the National Guard through which a National Guard of a State remotely 
provides State governments and National Guards of other States (whether 
or not in the same Armed Force as the providing National Guard) with 
cybersecurity technical assistance in training, preparation, and 
response to cyber incidents. If such Secretary elects to conduct such a 
pilot program, such Secretary shall be known as an ``administering 
Secretary'' for purposes of this section, and any reference in this 
section to ``the pilot program'' shall be treated as a reference to the 
pilot program conducted by such Secretary.
    (b) Assessment Prior to Commencement.--For purposes of evaluating 
existing platforms, technologies, and capabilities under subsection 
(c), and for establishing eligibility and participation requirements 
under subsection (d), for purposes of the pilot program, an 
administering Secretary, in consultation with the Chief of the National 
Guard Bureau, shall, prior to commencing the pilot program--
            (1) conduct an assessment of--
                    (A) existing cyber response capacities of the Army 
                National Guard or Air National Guard, as applicable, in 
                each State; and
                    (B) any existing platform, technology, or 
                capability of a National Guard that provides the 
                capability described in subsection (a); and
            (2) determine whether a platform, technology, or capability 
        described in paragraph (1)(B) is suitable for expansion for 
        purposes of the pilot program.
    (c) Elements.--A pilot program under subsection (a) shall include 
the following:
            (1) A technical capability that enables the National Guard 
        of a State to remotely provide cybersecurity technical 
        assistance to State governments and National Guards of other 
        States, without the need to deploy outside its home State.
            (2) Policies, processes, procedures, and authorities for 
        use of such a capability, including with respect to the 
        following:
                    (A) The roles and responsibilities of both 
                requesting and deploying State governments and National 
                Guards with respect to such technical assistance, 
                taking into account the matters specified in subsection 
                (f).
                    (B) Necessary updates to the Defense Cyber Incident 
                Coordinating Procedure, or any other applicable 
                Department of Defense instruction, for purposes of 
                implementing the capability.
                    (C) Program management and governance structures 
                for deployment and maintenance of the capability.
                    (D) Security when performing remote support, 
                including such in matters such as authentication and 
                remote sensing.
            (3) The conduct, in coordination with the Chief of the 
        National Guard Bureau and the Secretary of Homeland Security 
        and in consultation with the Director of the Federal Bureau of 
        Investigation, other Federal agencies, and appropriate non-
        Federal entities, of at least one exercise to demonstrate the 
        capability, which exercise shall include the following:
                    (A) Participation of not fewer than two State 
                governments and their National Guards.
                    (B) Circumstances designed to test and validate the 
                policies, processes, procedures, and authorities 
                developed pursuant to paragraph (2).
                    (C) An after action review of the exercise.
    (d) Use of Existing Technology.--An administering Secretary may use 
an existing platform, technology, or capability to provide the 
capability described in subsection (a) under the pilot program.
    (e) Eligibility and Participation Requirements.--An administering 
Secretary shall, in consultation with the Chief of the National Guard 
Bureau, establish requirements with respect to eligibility and 
participation of State governments and their National Guards in the 
pilot program.
    (f) Construction With Certain Current Authorities.--
            (1) Command authorities.--Nothing in a pilot program under 
        subsection (a) may be construed as affecting or altering the 
        command authorities otherwise applicable to any unit of the 
        National Guard unit participating in the pilot program.
            (2) Emergency management assistance compact.--Nothing in a 
        pilot program may be construed as affecting or altering any 
        current agreement under the Emergency Management Assistance 
        Compact, or any other State agreements, or as determinative of 
        the future content of any such agreement.
    (g) Evaluation Metrics.--An administering Secretary shall, in 
consultation with the Chief of the National Guard Bureau and the 
Secretary of Homeland Security, establish metrics to evaluate the 
effectiveness of the pilot program.
    (h) Term.--A pilot program under subsection (a) shall terminate on 
the date that is three years after the date of the commencement of the 
pilot program.
    (i) Reports.--
            (1) Initial report.--Not later than 180 days after the date 
        of the commencement of the pilot program, the administering 
        Secretary shall submit to the appropriate committees of 
        Congress a report setting forth a description of the pilot 
        program and such other matters in connection with the pilot 
        program as the Secretary considers appropriate.
            (2) Final report.--Not later than 180 days after the 
        termination of the pilot program, the administering Secretary 
        shall submit to the appropriate committees of Congress a report 
        on the pilot program. The report shall include the following:
                    (A) A description of the pilot program, including 
                any partnerships entered into by the Chief of the 
                National Guard Bureau under the pilot program.
                    (B) A summary of the assessment performed prior to 
                the commencement of the pilot program in accordance 
                with subsection (b).
                    (C) A summary of the evaluation metrics established 
                in accordance with subsection (g).
                    (D) An assessment of the effectiveness of the pilot 
                program, and of the capability described in subsection 
                (a) under the pilot program.
                    (E) A description of costs associated with the 
                implementation and conduct of the pilot program.
                    (F) A recommendation as to the termination or 
                extension of the pilot program, or the making of the 
                pilot program permanent with an expansion nationwide.
                    (G) An estimate of the costs of making the pilot 
                program permanent and expanding it nationwide in 
                accordance with the recommendation in subparagraph (F).
                    (H) Such recommendations for legislative or 
                administrative action as the Secretary considers 
                appropriate in light of the pilot program.
            (3) Appropriate committees of congress defined.--In this 
        subsection, the term ``appropriate committees of Congress'' 
        means--
                    (A) the Committee on Armed Services and the 
                Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs 
                of the Senate; and
                    (B) the Committee on Armed Services and the 
                Committee on Homeland Security of the House of 
                Representatives.
    (j) State Defined.--In this section, the term ``State'' means each 
of the several States, the District of Columbia, the Commonwealth of 
Puerto Rico, American Samoa, Guam, the United States Virgin Islands, 
and the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands.

SEC. 591. PLAN ON PERFORMANCE OF FUNERAL HONORS DETAILS BY MEMBERS OF 
              OTHER ARMED FORCES WHEN MEMBERS OF THE ARMED FORCE OF THE 
              DECEASED ARE UNAVAILABLE.

    (a) Briefing on Plan.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
        the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall 
        provide a briefing to the Committees on Armed Services of the 
        Senate and the House of Representatives setting forth a plan 
        for the performance of a funeral honors detail at the funeral 
        of a deceased member of the Armed Forces by one or more members 
        of the Armed Forces from an Armed Force other than that of the 
        deceased when--
                    (A) members of the Armed Force of the deceased are 
                unavailable for the performance of the detail; and
                    (B) the performance of the detail by members of 
                other Armed Forces is requested by the family of the 
                deceased.
            (2) Repeal of requirement for one member of armed force of 
        deceased in detail.--Section 1491(b)(2) of title 10, United 
        States Code, is amended in the first sentence by striking ``, 
        at least one of whom shall be a member of the armed force of 
        which the veteran was a member''.
            (3) Performance.--The plan required by paragraph (1) shall 
        authorize the performance of funeral honors details by members 
        of the Army National Guard and the Air National Guard under 
        section 115 of title 32, United States Code, and may authorize 
        the remainder of such details to consist of members of veterans 
        organizations or other organizations approved for purposes of 
        section 1491 of title 10, United States Code, as provided for 
        by subsection (b)(2) of such section 1491.
    (b) Elements.--The briefing under subsection (a) shall include a 
description in detail the authorities and requirements for the 
implementation of the plan, including administrative, logistical, 
coordination, and funding authorities and requirements.

SEC. 592. LIMITATION ON IMPLEMENTATION OF ARMY COMBAT FITNESS TEST.

    The Secretary of the Army may not implement the Army Combat Fitness 
Test until the Secretary receives results of a study, conducted for 
purposes of this section by an entity independent of the Department of 
Defense, on the following:
            (1) The extent, if any, to which the test would adversely 
        impact members of the Army stationed or deployed to climates or 
        areas with conditions that make prohibitive the conduct of 
        outdoor physical training on a frequent or sustained basis.
            (2) The extent, if any, to which the test would affect 
        recruitment and retention in critical support military 
        occupational specialties (MOS) of the Army, such as medical 
        personnel.

SEC. 593. REPORT ON IMPACT OF CHILDREN OF CERTAIN FILIPINO WORLD WAR II 
              VETERANS ON NATIONAL SECURITY, FOREIGN POLICY, AND 
              ECONOMIC AND HUMANITARIAN INTERESTS OF THE UNITED STATES.

    (a) In General.--Not later than December 31, 2020, the Secretary of 
Homeland Security, in consultation with the Secretary of Defense and 
the Secretary of State, shall submit to the congressional defense 
committees a report on the impact of the children of certain Filipino 
World War II veterans on the national security, foreign policy, and 
economic and humanitarian interests of the United States.
    (b) Elements.--The report required by subsection (a) shall include 
the following:
            (1) The number of Filipino World War II veterans who fought 
        under the United States flag during World War II to protect and 
        defend the United States in the Pacific theater.
            (2) The number of Filipino World War II veterans who died 
        fighting under the United States flag during World War II to 
        protect and defend the United States in the Pacific theater.
            (3) An assessment of the economic and tax contributions 
        that Filipino World War II veterans and their families have 
        made to the United States.
            (4) An assessment of the impact on the United States of 
        exempting from the numerical limitations on immigrant visas the 
        children of the Filipino World War II veterans who were 
        naturalized under--
                    (A) section 405 of the Immigration Act of 1990 
                (Public Law 101-649; 8 U.S.C. 1440 note); or
                    (B) title III of the Nationality Act of 1940 (54 
                Stat. 1137; chapter 876), as added by section 1001 of 
                the Second War Powers Act, 1942 (56 Stat. 182; chapter 
                199).

          TITLE VI--COMPENSATION AND OTHER PERSONNEL BENEFITS

                     Subtitle A--Pay and Allowances

SEC. 601. REORGANIZATION OF CERTAIN ALLOWANCES OTHER THAN TRAVEL AND 
              TRANSPORTATION ALLOWANCES.

    (a) Per Diem for Duty Outside the Continental United States.--
            (1) Transfer to chapter 7.--Section 475 of title 37, United 
        States Code, is transferred to chapter 7 of such title, 
        inserted after section 403b, and redesignated as section 405.
            (2) Repeal of termination provision.--Section 405 of title 
        37, United States Code, as added by paragraph (1), is amended 
        by striking subsection (f).
            (3) Retitling of authority.--The heading of section 405 of 
        title 37, United States Code, as so added, is amended to read 
        as follows:
``Sec. 405. Per diem while on duty outside the continental United 
              States''.
    (b) Allowance for Funeral Honors Duty.--
            (1) Transfer to chapter 7.--Section 495 of title 37, United 
        States Code, is transferred to chapter 7 of such title, 
        inserted after section 433a, and redesignated as section 435.
            (2) Repeal of termination provision.--Section 435 of title 
        37, United States Code, as added by paragraph (1), is amended 
        by striking subsection (c).
    (c) Clerical Amendments.--
            (1) Chapter 7.--The table of sections at the beginning of 
        chapter 7 of such title 37, United States Code, is amended--
                    (A) by inserting after the item relating to section 
                403b the following new item:

``405. Per diem while on duty outside the continental United States.'';
        and
                    (B) by inserting after the item relating to section 
                433a the following new item:

``435. Funeral honors duty: allowance.''.
            (2) Chapter 8.--The table of sections at the beginning of 
        chapter 8 of such title is amended by striking the items 
        relating to sections 475 and 495.

SEC. 602. HAZARDOUS DUTY PAY FOR MEMBERS OF THE ARMED FORCES PERFORMING 
              DUTY IN RESPONSE TO THE CORONAVIRUS DISEASE 2019.

    (a) In General.--The Secretary of the military department concerned 
shall pay hazardous duty pay under this section to a member of a 
regular or reserve component of the Armed Forces who--
            (1) performs duty in response to the Coronavirus Disease 
        2019 (COVID-19); and
            (2) is entitled to basic pay under section 204 of title 37, 
        United States Code, or compensation under section 206 of such 
        title, for the performance of such duty.
    (b) Regulations.--Hazardous duty pay shall be payable under this 
section in accordance with regulations prescribed by the Secretary of 
Defense. Such regulations shall specify the duty in response to the 
Coronavirus Disease 2019 qualifying a member for payment of such pay 
under this section.
    (c) Amount.--The amount of hazardous duty pay paid a member under 
this section shall be such amount per month, not less than $150 per 
month, as the Secretary of Defense shall specify in the regulations 
under subsection (b).
    (d) Monthly Payment; No Proration.--
            (1) Monthly payment.--Hazardous duty pay under this section 
        shall be paid on a monthly basis.
            (2) No proration.--Hazardous duty pay is payable to a 
        member under this section for a month if the member performs 
        any duty in that month qualifying the person for payment of 
        such pay.
    (e) Months for Which Payable.--Hazardous duty pay is payable under 
this section for qualifying duty performed in months occurring during 
the period--
            (1) beginning on January 1, 2020; and
            (2) ending on December 31, 2020.
    (f) Construction With Other Pay.--Hazardous duty pay payable to a 
member under this section is in addition to the following:
            (1) Any other pay and allowances to which the member is 
        entitled by law.
            (2) Any other hazardous duty pay to which the member is 
        entitled under section 351 of title 37, United States Code (or 
        any other provision of law), for duty that also constitutes 
        qualifying duty for payment of such pay under this section.
    (g) Sense of Senate.--It is the sense of the Senate that the 
Secretary of Defense should also authorize hazardous duty pay for 
members of the Armed Forces not under orders specific to the response 
to the Coronavirus Disease 2019 who provide--
            (1) healthcare in a military medical treatment facility for 
        individuals infected with the Coronavirus Disease 2019; or
            (2) technical or administrative support for the provision 
        of healthcare as described in paragraph (1).

SEC. 603. COMPENSATION AND CREDIT FOR RETIRED PAY PURPOSES FOR 
              MATERNITY LEAVE TAKEN BY MEMBERS OF THE RESERVE 
              COMPONENTS.

    (a) Compensation.--Section 206(a) of title 37, United States Code, 
is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (2), by striking ``or'' at the end;
            (2) in paragraph (3), by striking the period at the end and 
        inserting ``; or''; and
            (3) by adding the end the following new paragraph:
            ``(4) for each of 6 days in connection with the taking by 
        the member of a period of maternity leave.''.
    (b) Credit for Retired Pay Purposes.--
            (1) In general.--The period of maternity leave taken by a 
        member of the reserve components of the Armed Forces in 
        connection with the birth of a child shall count toward the 
        member's entitlement to retired pay, and in connection with the 
        years of service used in computing retired pay, under chapter 
        1223 of title 10, United States Code, as 12 points.
            (2) Separate credit for each period of leave.--Separate 
        crediting of points shall accrue to a member pursuant to this 
        subsection for each period of maternity leave taken by the 
        member in connection with a childbirth event.
            (3) When credited.--Points credited a member for a period 
        of maternity leave pursuant to this subsection shall be 
        credited in the year in which the period of maternity leave 
        concerned commences.
            (4) Contribution of leave toward entitlement to retired 
        pay.--Section 12732(a)(2) of title 10, United States Code, is 
        amended by inserting after subparagraph (E) the following new 
        subparagraph:
            ``(F) Points at the rate of 12 a year for the taking of 
        maternity leave.''.
            (5) Computation of years of service for retired pay.--
        Section 12733 of such title is amended--
                    (A) by redesignating paragraph (5) as paragraph 
                (6); and
                    (B) by inserting after paragraph (4) the following 
                new paragraph (5):
            ``(5) One day for each point credited to the person under 
        subparagraph (F) of section 12732(a)(2) of this title.''.
    (c) Effective Date.--This section and the amendments made by this 
section shall take effect on the date of the enactment of this Act, and 
shall apply with respect to periods of maternity leave that commence on 
or after that date.

           Subtitle B--Bonuses and Special and Incentive Pays

SEC. 611. ONE-YEAR EXTENSION OF CERTAIN EXPIRING BONUS AND SPECIAL PAY 
              AUTHORITIES.

    (a) Authorities Relating To Reserve Forces.--Section 910(g) of 
title 37, United States Code, relating to income replacement payments 
for reserve component members experiencing extended and frequent 
mobilization for active duty service, is amended by striking ``December 
31, 2020'' and inserting ``December 31, 2021''.
    (b) Title 10 Authorities Relating to Health Care Professionals.--
The following sections of title 10, United States Code, are amended by 
striking ``December 31, 2020'' and inserting ``December 31, 2021'':
            (1) Section 2130a(a)(1), relating to nurse officer 
        candidate accession program.
            (2) Section 16302(d), relating to repayment of education 
        loans for certain health professionals who serve in the 
        Selected Reserve.
    (c) Authorities Relating to Nuclear Officers.--Section 333(i) of 
title 37, United States Code, is amended by striking ``December 31, 
2020'' and inserting ``December 31, 2021''.
    (d) Authorities Relating to Title 37 Consolidated Special Pay, 
Incentive Pay, and Bonus Authorities.--The following sections of title 
37, United States Code, are amended by striking ``December 31, 2020'' 
and inserting ``December 31, 2021'':
            (1) Section 331(h), relating to general bonus authority for 
        enlisted members.
            (2) Section 332(g), relating to general bonus authority for 
        officers.
            (3) Section 334(i), relating to special aviation incentive 
        pay and bonus authorities for officers.
            (4) Section 335(k), relating to special bonus and incentive 
        pay authorities for officers in health professions.
            (5) Section 336(g), relating to contracting bonus for 
        cadets and midshipmen enrolled in the Senior Reserve Officers' 
        Training Corps.
            (6) Section 351(h), relating to hazardous duty pay.
            (7) Section 352(g), relating to assignment pay or special 
        duty pay.
            (8) Section 353(i), relating to skill incentive pay or 
        proficiency bonus.
            (9) Section 355(h), relating to retention incentives for 
        members qualified in critical military skills or assigned to 
        high priority units.
    (e) Authority to Provide Temporary Increase in Rates of Basic 
Allowance for Housing.--Section 403(b)(7)(E) of title 37, United States 
Code, is amended by striking ``December 31, 2020'' and inserting 
``December 31, 2021''.

SEC. 612. INCREASE IN SPECIAL AND INCENTIVE PAYS FOR OFFICERS IN HEALTH 
              PROFESSIONS.

    (a) Accession Bonus Generally.--Subparagraph (A) of section 
335(e)(1) of title 37, United States Code, is amended by striking 
``$30,000'' and inserting ``$100,000''.
    (b) Accession Bonus for Critically Short Wartime Specialties.--
Subparagraph (B) of such section is amended by striking ``$100,000'' 
and inserting ``$200,000''.
    (c) Retention Bonus.--Subparagraph (C) of such section is amended 
by striking ``$75,000'' and inserting ``$150,000''.
    (d) Incentive Pay.--Subparagraph (D) of such section is amended--
            (1) in clause (i), by striking ``$100,000'' and inserting 
        ``$200,000''; and
            (2) in clause (ii), by striking ``$15,000'' and inserting 
        ``$50,000''.
    (e) Board Certification Pay.--Subparagraph (E) of such section is 
amended by striking ``$6,000'' and inserting ``$15,000''.
    (f) Effective Date.--The amendments made by this section shall take 
effect on October 1, 2020, and shall apply with respect to special 
bonus and incentive pays payable under section 335 of title 37, United 
States Code, pursuant to agreements entered into under that section on 
or after that date.

     Subtitle C--Disability Pay, Retired Pay, and Survivor Benefits

SEC. 621. INCLUSION OF DRILL OR TRAINING FOREGONE DUE TO EMERGENCY 
              TRAVEL OR DUTY RESTRICTIONS IN COMPUTATIONS OF 
              ENTITLEMENT TO AND AMOUNTS OF RETIRED PAY FOR NON-REGULAR 
              SERVICE.

    (a) Entitlement to Retired Pay.--Section 12732(a)(2) of title 10, 
United States Code, is amended--
            (1) by inserting after subparagraph (E) the following new 
        subparagraph:
                    ``(F)(i) Subject to regulations prescribed by the 
                Secretary of Defense or the Secretary of Homeland 
                Security with respect to matters concerning the Coast 
                Guard when it is not operating as a service in the 
                Department of the Navy, one point for each day of 
                active service or one point for each drill or period of 
                equivalent instruction that was prescribed by the 
                Secretary concerned to be performed during the covered 
                emergency period, if such person was prevented from 
                performing such duty due to travel or duty restrictions 
                imposed by the President, the Secretary of Defense, or 
                the Secretary of Homeland Security with respect to the 
                Coast Guard.
                    ``(ii) A person may not be credited more than 35 
                points in a one-year period under this subparagraph.
                    ``(iii) In this subparagraph, the term `covered 
                emergency period' means the period beginning on March 
                1, 2020, and ending on the day that is 60 days after 
                the date on which the travel or duty restriction 
                applicable to the person concerned is lifted.''; and
            (2) in the matter following subparagraph (F), as inserted 
        by paragraph (1), by striking ``and (E)'' and inserting ``(E), 
        and (F)''.
    (b) Amount of Retired Pay.--Section 12733(3) of such title is 
amended in the matter preceding subparagraph (A), by striking ``or 
(D)'' and inserting ``(D), or (F)''.

SEC. 622. MODERNIZATION AND CLARIFICATION OF PAYMENT OF CERTAIN 
              RESERVES WHILE ON DUTY.

    (a) Change in Priority of Payments for Retired or Retainer Pay.--
Subsection (a) of section 12316 of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended--
            (1) in the matter preceding paragraph (1)--
                    (A) by striking ``subsection (b)'' and inserting 
                ``subsection (c)''; and
                    (B) by striking ``his earlier military service'' 
                and inserting ``the Reserve's earlier military 
                service'';
                    (C) by striking ``a pension, retired or retainer 
                pay, or disability compensation'' and inserting 
                ``retired or retainer pay''; and
                    (D) by striking ``he is entitled'' and inserting 
                ``the Reserve is entitled''; and
            (2) by striking paragraphs (1) and (2) and inserting the 
        following new paragraphs:
            ``(1) the pay and allowances authorized by law for the duty 
        that the Reserve is performing; or
            ``(2) if the Reserve specifically waives those payments, 
        the retired or retainer pay to which the Reserve is entitled 
        because of the Reserve's earlier military service.''.
    (b) Payments for Pension or Disability Compensation.--Such section 
is further amended--
            (1) by redesignating subsection (b) as subsection (c); and
            (2) by inserting after subsection (a) the following new 
        subsection (b):
    ``(b) Except as provided by subsection (c), a Reserve of the Army, 
Navy, Air Force, Marine Corps, or Coast Guard who because of the 
Reserve's earlier military service is entitled to a pension or 
disability compensation, and who performs duty for which the Reserve is 
entitled to compensation, may elect to receive for that duty either--
            ``(1) the pension or disability compensation to which the 
        Reserve is entitled because of the Reserve's earlier military 
        service; or
            ``(2) if the Reserve specifically waives those payments, 
        the pay and allowances authorized by law for the duty that the 
        Reserve is performing.''.
    (c) Additional Conforming and Modernizing Amendments.--Subsection 
(c) of such section, as redesignated by subsection (b)(1) of this 
section, is amended--
            (1) by striking ``(a)(2)'' both places it appears and 
        inserting ``(a)(1) or (b)(2), as applicable,'';
            (2) by striking ``his earlier military service'' the first 
        place it appears and inserting ``a Reserve's earlier military 
        service'';
            (3) by striking ``his earlier military service'' each other 
        place it appears and inserting ``the Reserve's earlier military 
        service'';
            (4) by striking ``he is entitled'' and inserting ``the 
        Reserve is entitled''; and
            (5) by striking ``the member or his dependents'' and 
        inserting ``the Reserve or the Reserve's dependents''.
    (d) Procedures.--Such section is further amended by adding at the 
end the following new subsection:
    ``(d) The Secretary of Defense shall prescribe regulations under 
which a Reserve of the Army, Navy, Air Force, Marine Corps, or Coast 
Guard may waive the pay and allowances authorized by law for the duty 
the Reserve is performing under subsection (a)(2) or (b)(2).''.
    (e) Effective Date.--The amendments made by this section shall take 
effect 180 days after the date of the enactment of this Act.

SEC. 623. RELIEF OF RICHARD W. COLLINS III.

    (a) Findings.--Congress makes the following findings:
            (1) On May 20, 2017, Lieutenant Richard W. Collins III was 
        murdered on the campus of the University of Maryland, College 
        Park, Maryland.
            (2) At the time of his murder, Lieutenant Collins had 
        graduated from the Reserve Officers' Training Corps at Bowie 
        State University and received a commission in the United States 
        Army.
            (3) At the time of the murder of Lieutenant Collins, a 
        graduate of a Reserve Officers' Training Corps who received a 
        commission but died before receiving a first duty assignment 
        was not eligible for a death gratuity under section 1475(a)(4) 
        of title 10, United States Code, or for casualty assistance 
        under section 633 of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
        Fiscal Year 2014 (10 U.S.C. 1475 note).
            (4) Section 623 of the National Defense Authorization Act 
        for Fiscal Year 2020 (Public Law 116-92) amended section 1475 
        of title 10, United States Code, to authorize the payment of a 
        death gratuity to a graduate of the Senior Reserve Officers' 
        Training Corps (SROTC) who receives a commission but dies 
        before receiving a first duty assignment.
            (5) Section 625 of the National Defense Authorization Act 
        for Fiscal Year 2020 authorizes the families of Senior Reserve 
        Officers' Training Corps graduates to receive casualty 
        assistance in the event of the death of such graduates.
            (6) Sections 623 and 625 of the National Defense 
        Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2020 apply only to a Senior 
        Reserve Officers' Training Corps graduate who receives a 
        commission but dies before receiving a first duty assignment on 
        or after the date of the enactment of that Act.
            (7) The death of Lieutenant Collins played a critical role 
        in changing the eligibility criteria for the death gratuity for 
        Senior Reserve Officers' Training Corps graduates who die prior 
        to their first assignment.
    (b) Applicability of Laws.--
            (1) Death gratuity.--Section 623 of the National Defense 
        Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2020 (Public Law 116-92), and 
        the amendment made by that section, shall apply to Lieutenant 
        Richard W. Collins III as if his death had occurred after the 
        date of the enactment of that section.
            (2) Casualty assistance.--Section 625 of the National 
        Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2020, and the 
        amendment made by that section, shall apply to Lieutenant 
        Richard W. Collins III as if his death had occurred after the 
        date of the enactment of that section.
    (c) Limitation.--No amount exceeding 10 percent of a payment made 
under subsection (b)(1) may be paid to or received by any attorney or 
agent for services rendered in connection with the payment. Any person 
who violates this subsection shall be guilty of an infraction and shall 
be subject to a fine in the amount provided under title 18, United 
States Code.

                       Subtitle D--Other Matters

SEC. 631. PERMANENT AUTHORITY FOR AND ENHANCEMENT OF THE GOVERNMENT 
              LODGING PROGRAM.

    (a) Permanent Authority.--Section 914 of the Carl Levin and Howard 
P. ``Buck'' McKeon National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 
2015 (5 U.S.C. 5911 note) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a), by striking ``, for the period of 
        time described in subsection (b),''; and
            (2) by striking subsection (b).
    (b) Exclusion of Certain Shipyard Employees.--Such section is 
further amended by inserting after subsection (a) the following new 
subsection (b):
    ``(b) Exclusion of Certain Shipyard Employees.--In carrying out a 
Government lodging program under the authority in subsection (a), the 
Secretary shall exclude from the requirements of the program employees 
who are traveling for the performance of mission functions of a public 
shipyard of the Department if the purpose or mission of such travel 
would be adversely affected by the requirements of the program.''.
    (c) Conforming Amendment.--The heading of such section is amended 
to read as follows:

``SEC. 914. GOVERNMENT LODGING PROGRAM.''.

SEC. 632. APPROVAL OF CERTAIN ACTIVITIES BY RETIRED AND RESERVE MEMBERS 
              OF THE UNIFORMED SERVICES.

    (a) Clarification of Activities for Which Approval Required.--
Section 908 of title 37, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a)--
                    (A) in the matter preceding paragraph (1)--
                            (i) by striking ``subsection (b)'' and 
                        inserting ``subsections (b) and (c)''; and
                            (ii) by inserting ``, accepting payment for 
                        speeches, travel, meals, lodging, or 
                        registration fees, or accepting a non-cash 
                        award,'' after ``that employment)''; and
                    (B) in paragraph (2), by striking ``armed forces'' 
                and inserting ``armed forces, except members serving on 
                active duty under a call or order to active duty for a 
                period in excess of 30 days'';
            (2) in the heading of subsection (b), by inserting ``for 
        Employment and Compensation'' after ``Approval Required'';
            (3) by redesignating subsections (c) and (d) as subsections 
        (d) and (e), respectively; and
            (4) by inserting after subsection (b) the following new 
        subsection (c):
    ``(c) Approval Required for Certain Payments and Awards.--A person 
described in subsection (a) may accept payment for speeches, travel, 
meals, lodging, or registration fees described in that subsection, or 
accept a non-cash award described in that subsection, only if the 
Secretary concerned approves the payment or award.''.
    (b) Annual Reports on Approvals.--Subsection (d) of such section, 
as redesignated by subsection (a)(3) of this section, is amended--
            (1) by inserting ``(1)'' before ``Not later than'';
            (2) in paragraph (1), as designated by paragraph (1) of 
        this subsection, by inserting ``, and each approval under 
        subsection (c) for a payment or award described in subsection 
        (a),'' after ``in subsection (a)''; and
            (3) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
    ``(2) The report under paragraph (1) on an approval described in 
that paragraph with respect to an officer shall set forth the 
following:
            ``(A) The foreign government providing the employment or 
        compensation or payment or award.
            ``(B) The duties, if any, to be performed in connection 
        with the employment or compensation or payment or award.
            ``(C) The total amount of compensation, if any, or payment 
        to be provided.''.
    (c) Conforming Amendments.--
            (1) Section heading.--The heading of such section is 
        amended to read as follows:
``Sec. 908. Reserves and retired members: acceptance of employment, 
              payments, and awards from foreign governments''.
            (2) Table of sections.--The table of sections at the 
        beginning of chapter 17 of such title is amended by striking 
        the item relating to section 908 and inserting the following 
        new item:

``908. Reserves and retired members: acceptance of employment, 
                            payments, and awards from foreign 
                            governments.''.

                   TITLE VII--HEALTH CARE PROVISIONS

           Subtitle A--TRICARE and Other Health Care Benefits

SEC. 701. AUTHORITY FOR SECRETARY OF DEFENSE TO MANAGE PROVIDER TYPE 
              REFERRAL AND SUPERVISION REQUIREMENTS UNDER TRICARE 
              PROGRAM.

    Section 1079(a)(12) of title 10, United States Code, is amended, in 
the first sentence, by striking ``or certified clinical social 
worker,'' and inserting ``certified clinical social worker, or other 
class of provider as designated by the Secretary of Defense,''.

SEC. 702. REMOVAL OF CHRISTIAN SCIENCE PROVIDERS AS AUTHORIZED 
              PROVIDERS UNDER THE TRICARE PROGRAM.

    (a) Repeal.--Subsection (a) of section 1079 of title 10, United 
States Code, is amended by striking paragraph (4).
    (b) Conforming Amendment.--Paragraph (12) of such subsection is 
amended, in the first sentence, by striking ``, except as authorized in 
paragraph (4)''.

SEC. 703. WAIVER OF FEES CHARGED TO CERTAIN CIVILIANS FOR EMERGENCY 
              MEDICAL TREATMENT PROVIDED AT MILITARY MEDICAL TREATMENT 
              FACILITIES.

    Section 1079b of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) by redesignating subsection (b) as subsection (c); and
            (2) by inserting after subsection (a) the following new 
        subsection (b):
    ``(b) Waiver of Fees.--Under the procedures implemented under 
subsection (a), a military medical treatment facility may waive a fee 
charged under such procedures to a civilian who is not a covered 
beneficiary if--
            ``(1) after insurance payments, if any, the civilian is not 
        able to pay for the trauma or other medical care provided to 
        the civilian; and
            ``(2) the provision of such care enhanced the medical 
        readiness of the health care provider or health care providers 
        furnishing such care.''.

SEC. 704. MENTAL HEALTH RESOURCES FOR MEMBERS OF THE ARMED FORCES AND 
              THEIR DEPENDENTS DURING THE COVID-19 PANDEMIC.

    (a) Plan.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the enactment 
of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall develop a plan to protect 
and promote the mental health and well-being of members of the Armed 
Forces and their dependents, which shall include the following:
            (1) A strategy to combat existing stigma surrounding mental 
        health conditions that might deter such individuals from 
        seeking care.
            (2) Guidance to commanding officers at all levels on the 
        mental health ramifications of the COVID-19 crisis.
            (3) Additional training and support for mental health care 
        professionals of the Department of Defense on supporting 
        individuals who are concerned for the health of themselves and 
        their family members, or grieving the loss of loved ones due to 
        COVID-19.
            (4) A strategy to leverage telemedicine to ensure safe 
        access to mental health services.
    (b) Outreach.--The Secretary of Defense shall conduct outreach to 
the military community to identify resources and health care services, 
including mental health care services, available under the TRICARE 
program to support members of the Armed Forces and their dependents.
    (c) Definitions.--In this section, the terms ``dependent'' and 
``TRICARE program'' have the meanings given those terms in section 1072 
of such title.

SEC. 705. TRANSITIONAL HEALTH BENEFITS FOR CERTAIN MEMBERS OF THE 
              NATIONAL GUARD SERVING UNDER ORDERS IN RESPONSE TO THE 
              CORONAVIRUS (COVID-19).

    (a) In General.--The Secretary of Defense shall provide to a member 
of the National Guard separating from active service after serving on 
full-time National Guard duty pursuant to section 502(f) of title 32, 
United States Code, the health benefits authorized under section 1145 
of title 10, United States Code, for a member of a reserve component 
separating from active duty, as referred to in subsection (a)(2)(B) of 
such section 1145, if the active service from which the member of the 
National Guard is separating was in support of the whole of government 
response to the coronavirus (COVID-19).
    (b) Definitions.--In this section, the terms ``active duty'', 
``active service'', and ``full-time National Guard duty'' have the 
meanings given those terms in section 101(d) of title 10, United States 
Code.

SEC. 706. EXTRAMEDICAL MATERNAL HEALTH PROVIDERS DEMONSTRATION PROJECT.

    (a) Demonstration Project Required.--Not later than one year after 
the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall 
commence the conduct of a demonstration project designed to evaluate 
the cost, quality of care, and impact on maternal and fetal outcomes of 
using extramedical maternal health providers under the TRICARE program 
to determine the appropriateness of making coverage of such providers 
under the TRICARE program permanent.
    (b) Elements of Demonstration Project.--The demonstration project 
under subsection (a) shall include, for participants in the 
demonstration project, the following:
            (1) Access to doulas.
            (2) Access to lactation consultants who are not otherwise 
        authorized to provide services under the TRICARE program.
    (c) Participants.--The Secretary shall establish a process under 
which covered beneficiaries may enroll in the demonstration project in 
order to receive the services provided under the demonstration project.
    (d) Duration.--The Secretary shall carry out the demonstration 
project for a period of five years beginning on the date on which 
notification of the commencement of the demonstration project is 
published in the Federal Register.
    (e) Survey.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than one year after the date of 
        the enactment of this Act, and annually thereafter for the 
        duration of the demonstration project, the Secretary shall 
        administer a survey to determine--
                    (A) how many members of the Armed Forces or spouses 
                of such members give birth while their spouse or 
                birthing partner is unable to be present due to 
                deployment, training, or other mission requirements;
                    (B) how many single members of the Armed Forces 
                give birth alone; and
                    (C) how many members of the Armed Forces or spouses 
                of such members use doula support or lactation 
                consultants.
            (2) Matters covered by the survey.--The survey administered 
        under paragraph (1) shall include an identification of the 
        following:
                    (A) The race, ethnicity, age, sex, relationship 
                status, military service, military occupation, and 
                rank, as applicable, of each individual surveyed.
                    (B) If individuals surveyed were members of the 
                Armed Forces or the spouses of such members, or both.
                    (C) The length of advanced notice received by 
                individuals surveyed that the member of the Armed 
                Forces would be unable to be present during the birth, 
                if applicable.
                    (D) Any resources or support that the individuals 
                surveyed found useful during the pregnancy and birth 
                process, including doula or lactation counselor 
                support.
    (f) Reports.--
            (1) Implementation plan.--Not later than 180 days after the 
        date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall submit 
        to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House 
        of Representatives a plan to implement the demonstration 
        project.
            (2) Annual report.--
                    (A) In general.--Not later than one year after the 
                commencement of the demonstration project, and annually 
                thereafter for the duration of the demonstration 
                project, the Secretary shall submit to the Committees 
                on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of 
                Representatives a report on the cost of the 
                demonstration project and the effectiveness of the 
                demonstration project in improving quality of care and 
                the maternal and fetal outcomes of covered 
                beneficiaries enrolled in the demonstration project.
                    (B) Matters covered.--Each report submitted under 
                subparagraph (A) shall address, at a minimum, the 
                following:
                            (i) The number of covered beneficiaries who 
                        are enrolled in the demonstration project.
                            (ii) The number of enrolled covered 
                        beneficiaries who have participated in the 
                        demonstration project.
                            (iii) The results of the surveys under 
                        subsection (f).
                            (iv) The cost of the demonstration project.
                            (v) An assessment of the quality of care 
                        provided to participants in the demonstration 
                        project.
                            (vi) An assessment of the impact of the 
                        demonstration project on maternal and fetal 
                        outcomes.
                            (vii) An assessment of the effectiveness of 
                        the demonstration project.
                            (viii) Recommendations for adjustments to 
                        the demonstration project.
                            (ix) The estimated costs avoided as a 
                        result of improved maternal and fetal health 
                        outcomes due to the demonstration project.
                            (x) Recommendations for extending the 
                        demonstration project or implementing permanent 
                        coverage under the TRICARE program of 
                        extramedical maternal health providers.
                            (xi) An identification of legislative or 
                        administrative action necessary to make the 
                        demonstration project permanent.
                    (C) Final report.--The final report under 
                subparagraph (A) shall be submitted not later than 90 
                days after the termination of the demonstration 
                project.
    (g) Expansion of Demonstration Project.--
            (1) Regulations.--If the Secretary determines that the 
        demonstration project is successful, the Secretary may 
        prescribe regulations to include extramedical maternal health 
        providers as health care providers authorized to provide care 
        under the TRICARE program.
            (2) Credentialing and other requirements.--The Secretary 
        may establish credentialing and other requirements for doulas 
        and lactation consultants through public notice and comment 
        rulemaking for purposes of including doulas and lactation 
        consultations as health care providers authorized to provide 
        care under the TRICARE program pursuant to regulations 
        prescribed under paragraph (1).
    (h) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) Extramedical maternal health provider.--The term 
        ``extramedical maternal health provider'' means a doula or 
        lactation consultant.
            (2) Covered beneficiary; tricare program.--The terms 
        ``covered beneficiary'' and ``TRICARE program'' have the 
        meanings given those terms in section 1072 of title 10, United 
        States Code.

SEC. 707. PILOT PROGRAM ON RECEIPT OF NON-GENERIC PRESCRIPTION 
              MAINTENANCE MEDICATIONS UNDER TRICARE PHARMACY BENEFITS 
              PROGRAM.

    (a) Requirement.--The Secretary of Defense shall carry out a pilot 
program under which eligible covered beneficiaries may elect to receive 
non-generic prescription maintenance medications selected under 
subsection (c) through military treatment facility pharmacies, retail 
pharmacies, or the national mail-order pharmacy program, 
notwithstanding section 1074g(a)(9) of title 10, United States Code.
    (b) Duration.--The Secretary shall carry out the pilot program for 
a three-year period beginning not later than March 1, 2021.
    (c) Selection of Medication.--The Secretary shall select non-
generic prescription maintenance medications described in section 
1074g(a)(9)(C)(i) of title 10, United States Code, to be covered by the 
pilot program.
    (d) Use of Voluntary Rebates.--
            (1) Requirement.--In carrying out the pilot program, the 
        Secretary shall seek to renew and modify contracts described in 
        paragraph (2) in a manner that--
                    (A) includes for purposes of the pilot program 
                retail pharmacies as a point of sale for the non-
                generic prescription maintenance medication covered by 
                the contract; and
                    (B) provides the manufacturer with the option to 
                provide voluntary rebates for such medications at 
                retail pharmacies.
            (2) Contracts described.--The contracts described in this 
        paragraph are contracts for the procurement of non-generic 
        prescription maintenance medications selected under subsection 
        (c) that are eligible for renewal during the period in which 
        the pilot program is carried out.
    (e) Notification.--In providing each eligible covered beneficiary 
with an explanation of benefits, the Secretary shall notify the 
beneficiary of whether the medication that the beneficiary is 
prescribed is covered by the pilot program.
    (f) Briefing and Reports.--
            (1) Briefing.--Not later than 90 days after the date of the 
        enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall brief the 
        congressional defense committees on the implementation of the 
        pilot program.
            (2) Interim report.--Not later than 18 months after the 
        commencement of the pilot program, the Secretary shall submit 
        to the congressional defense committees a report on the pilot 
        program.
            (3) Comptroller general report.--
                    (A) In general.--Not later than March 1, 2024, the 
                Comptroller General of the United States shall submit 
                to the congressional defense committees a report on the 
                pilot program.
                    (B) Elements.--The report required by subparagraph 
                (A) shall include the following:
                            (i) The number of eligible covered 
                        beneficiaries who participated in the pilot 
                        program and an assessment of the satisfaction 
                        of such beneficiaries with the pilot program.
                            (ii) The rate by which eligible covered 
                        beneficiaries elected to receive non-generic 
                        prescription maintenance medications at a 
                        retail pharmacy pursuant to the pilot program, 
                        and how such rate affected military treatment 
                        facility pharmacies and the national mail-order 
                        pharmacy program.
                            (iii) The amount of cost savings realized 
                        by the pilot program, including with respect 
                        to--
                                    (I) dispensing fees incurred at 
                                retail pharmacies compared to the 
                                national mail-order pharmacy program 
                                for brand name prescription drugs;
                                    (II) administrative fees;
                                    (III) any costs paid by the United 
                                States for the drugs in addition to the 
                                procurement costs;
                                    (IV) the use of military treatment 
                                facilities; and
                                    (V) copayments paid by eligible 
                                covered beneficiaries.
                            (iv) A comparison of supplemental rebates 
                        between retail pharmacies and other points of 
                        sale.
    (g) Rule of Construction.--Nothing in this section may be construed 
to affect the ability of the Secretary to carry out section 
1074g(a)(9)(C) of title 10, United States Code, after the date on which 
the pilot program is completed.
    (h) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) The term ``eligible covered beneficiary'' has the 
        meaning given that term in section 1074g(i) of title 10, United 
        States Code.
            (2) The terms ``military treatment facility pharmacies'', 
        ``retail pharmacies'', and ``the national mail-order pharmacy 
        program'' mean the methods for receiving prescription drugs as 
        described in clauses (i), (ii), and (iii), respectively, of 
        section 1074g(a)(2)(E) of title 10, United States Code.

                 Subtitle B--Health Care Administration

SEC. 721. MODIFICATIONS TO TRANSFER OF ARMY MEDICAL RESEARCH AND 
              DEVELOPMENT COMMAND AND PUBLIC HEALTH COMMANDS TO DEFENSE 
              HEALTH AGENCY.

    (a) Delay of Transfer.--
            (1) In general.--Section 1073c(e) of title 10, United 
        States Code, is amended, in the matter preceding paragraph (1), 
        by striking ``September 30, 2022'' and inserting ``September 
        30, 2024''.
            (2) Conforming amendments.--Section 737 of the National 
        Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2020 (Public Law 116-
        92) is amended, in subsections (a) and (c), by striking 
        ``September 30, 2022'' and inserting ``September 30, 2024'' 
        each place it appears.
    (b) Modification To Resources Preserved.--Such section 737 is 
amended--
            (1) in the section heading, by striking ``resources'' and 
        inserting ``infrastructure and personnel''; and
            (2) in subsection (a)--
                    (A) by striking ``resources'' and inserting 
                ``infrastructure and personnel''; and
                    (B) by striking ``, which shall include manpower 
                and funding, at not less than the level of such 
                resources''.
    (c) Elimination of Transfer of Funds.--Such section 737 is further 
amended by--
            (1) striking subsection (b); and
            (2) redesignating subsection (c) as subsection (b).
    (d) Change of Name of Command.--
            (1) Delay of transfer.--Section 1073c(e)(1)(B) of title 10, 
        United States Code, is amended by striking ``Materiel'' and 
        inserting ``Development''.
            (2) Preservation of infrastructure and personnel.--Section 
        737 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 
        2020 (Public Law 116-92) is amended--
                    (A) in the section heading, by striking 
                ``materiel'' and inserting ``development''; and
                    (B) by striking ``Materiel'' each place it appears 
                and inserting ``Development''.
    (e) Clerical Amendment.--The table of contents for the National 
Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2020 is amended by striking 
the item relating to section 737 and inserting the following new item:

``Sec. 737. Preservation of infrastructure and personnel of the Army 
                            Medical Research and Development Command 
                            and continuation as Center of 
                            Excellence.''.

SEC. 722. DELAY OF APPLICABILITY OF ADMINISTRATION OF TRICARE DENTAL 
              PLANS THROUGH FEDERAL EMPLOYEES DENTAL AND VISION 
              INSURANCE PROGRAM.

    Section 713(c) of the John S. McCain National Defense Authorization 
Act for Fiscal Year 2019 (Public Law 115-232; 5 U.S.C. 8951 note) is 
amended by striking ``January 1, 2022'' and inserting ``January 1, 
2023''.

SEC. 723. AUTHORITY OF SECRETARY OF DEFENSE TO WAIVE REQUIREMENTS 
              DURING NATIONAL EMERGENCIES FOR PURPOSES OF PROVISION OF 
              HEALTH CARE.

    (a) In General.--Chapter 55 of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended by inserting after section 1073d the following new section:
``Sec. 1073e. Authority to waive requirements during national 
              emergencies
    ``(a) Purpose.--The purpose of this section is to enable the 
Secretary of Defense to ensure, to the maximum extent feasible, in an 
emergency area during an emergency period--
            ``(1) that sufficient authorized health care items and 
        services are available to meet the needs of covered 
        beneficiaries in such area eligible for the programs under this 
        chapter; and
            ``(2) that private sector health care providers authorized 
        under the TRICARE program that furnish such authorized items 
        and services in good faith may be reimbursed for such items and 
        services absent any determination of fraud or abuse.
    ``(b) Authority.--
            ``(1) In general.--To the extent necessary to accomplish 
        the purpose specified in subsection (a), the Secretary, subject 
        to the provisions of this section, may, for a period of 60 
        days, waive or modify the application of the requirements of 
        this chapter or any regulation prescribed thereunder with 
        respect to health care items and services furnished by a health 
        care provider (or class of health care providers) in an 
        emergency area (or portion of such area) during an emergency 
        period (or portion of such period), including by deferring the 
        termination of status of a covered beneficiary.
            ``(2) Renewal.--The Secretary may renew a waiver or 
        modification under paragraph (1) for subsequent 60-day periods 
        during the duration of the applicable emergency declaration.
    ``(c) Implementation.--The Secretary may implement any temporary 
waiver or modification made pursuant to this section by program 
instruction or otherwise.
    ``(d) Retroactive Application.--A waiver or modification made 
pursuant to this section with respect to an emergency period may, at 
the discretion of the Secretary, be made retroactive to the beginning 
of the emergency period or any subsequent date in such period specified 
by the Secretary.
    ``(e) Satisfaction of Preconditions for Status as Covered 
Beneficiary.--A deferral under subsection (b) of termination of status 
of a covered beneficiary may be contingent upon retroactive 
satisfaction by such beneficiary of any premium or enrollment fee 
payments or other preconditions for such status.
    ``(f) Certification.--
            ``(1) In general.--Not later than two days before 
        exercising a waiver or modification under subsection (b)(1) or 
        renewing a waiver or modification under subsection (b)(2), the 
        Secretary shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services of 
        the Senate and the House of Representatives a certification and 
        advance written notice regarding the authority to be exercised.
            ``(2) Matters included.--Certification and advanced written 
        notice required under paragraph (1) shall include--
                    ``(A) a description of--
                            ``(i) the specific provisions of law that 
                        will be waived or modified;
                            ``(ii) the health care providers to whom 
                        the waiver or modification will apply;
                            ``(iii) the geographic area in which the 
                        waiver or modification will apply; and
                            ``(iv) the period of time for which the 
                        waiver or modification will be in effect; and
                    ``(B) a certification that the waiver or 
                modification is necessary to carry out the purpose 
                specified in subsection (a).
    ``(g) Termination of Waiver.--A waiver or modification of 
requirements pursuant to this section terminates upon the termination 
of the applicable emergency declaration.
    ``(h) Report.--Not later than one year after the end of an 
emergency period during which the Secretary exercised the authority 
under this section, the Secretary shall submit to the Committees on 
Armed Services of the Senate and the House of Representatives a report 
on the approaches used to accomplish the purpose described in 
subsection (a), including an evaluation of such approaches and 
recommendations for improved approaches should the need for the 
exercise of such authority arise in the future.
    ``(i) Definitions.--In this section:
            ``(1) Emergency area.--The term `emergency area' means a 
        geographical area covered by an emergency declaration.
            ``(2) Emergency declaration.--The term `emergency 
        declaration' means--
                    ``(A) an emergency or disaster declared by the 
                President pursuant to the National Emergencies Act (50 
                U.S.C. 1601 et seq.) or the Robert T. Stafford Disaster 
                Relief and Emergency Assistance Act (42 U.S.C. 5121 et 
                seq.); or
                    ``(B) a public health emergency declared pursuant 
                to section 319 of the Public Health Service Act (42 
                U.S.C. 247d).
            ``(3) Emergency period.--The term `emergency period' means 
        the period covered by an emergency declaration.''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning of 
chapter 55 of such title is amended by inserting after the item 
relating to section 1073d the following new item:

``1073e. Authority to waive requirements during national 
                            emergencies.''.

                 Subtitle C--Reports and Other Matters

SEC. 741. EXTENSION OF AUTHORITY FOR JOINT DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE-
              DEPARTMENT OF VETERANS AFFAIRS MEDICAL FACILITY 
              DEMONSTRATION FUND.

    Section 1704(e) of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
Fiscal Year 2010 (Public Law 111-84; 123 Stat. 2573), as most recently 
amended by section 732(4)(B) of the National Defense Authorization Act 
for Fiscal Year 2020 (Public Law 116-92), is further amended by 
striking ``September 30, 2021'' and inserting ``September 30, 2022''.

SEC. 742. MEMBERSHIP OF BOARD OF REGENTS OF UNIFORMED SERVICES 
              UNIVERSITY OF THE HEALTH SCIENCES.

    (a) In General.--Section 2113a(b) of title 10, United States Code, 
is amended--
            (1) by redesignating paragraphs (3) and (4) as paragraphs 
        (4) and (5), respectively; and
            (2) by inserting after paragraph (2) the following new 
        paragraph:
            ``(3) the Director of the Defense Health Agency, who shall 
        be an ex officio member;''.
    (b) Rule of Construction.--The amendments made by this section may 
not be construed to invalidate any action taken by the Uniformed 
Services University of the Health Sciences or its Board of Regents 
prior to the effective date of this section.
    (c) Effective Date.--The amendments made by this section shall take 
effect on January 1, 2021.

SEC. 743. MILITARY HEALTH SYSTEM CLINICAL QUALITY MANAGEMENT PROGRAM.

    (a) In General.--The Secretary of Defense, acting through the 
Director of the Defense Health Agency, shall implement a comprehensive 
program to be known as the ``Military Health System Clinical Quality 
Management Program'' (in this section referred to as the ``Program'').
    (b) Elements of Program.--The Program shall include, at a minimum, 
the following:
            (1) The implementation of systematic procedures to 
        eliminate, to the maximum extent feasible, risk of harm to 
        patients at military medical treatment facilities, including 
        through identification, investigation, and analysis of events 
        indicating a risk of patient harm and corrective action plans 
        to mitigate such risks.
            (2) With respect to a potentially compensable event 
        (including those involving members of the Armed Forces) at a 
        military medical treatment facility--
                    (A) an analysis of such event, which shall occur 
                and be documented as soon as possible after the event;
                    (B) use of such analysis for clinical quality 
                management; and
                    (C) reporting of such event to the National 
                Practitioner Data Bank in accordance with guidelines of 
                the Secretary of Health and Human Services under the 
                Health Care Quality Improvement Act of 1986 (42 U.S.C. 
                11101 et seq.), giving special emphasis to the results 
                of external peer reviews of the event.
            (3) Validation of provider credentials and granting of 
        clinical privileges by the Director of the Defense Health 
        Agency for all health care providers at a military medical 
        treatment facility.
            (4) Accreditation of military medical treatment facilities 
        by a recognized external accreditation body.
            (5) Systematic measurement of indicators of health care 
        quality, emphasizing clinical outcome measures, comparison of 
        such indicators with benchmarks from leading health care 
        quality improvement organizations, and transparency with the 
        public of appropriate clinical measurements for military 
        medical treatment facilities.
            (6) Systematic activities emphasized by leadership at all 
        organizational levels to use all elements of the Program to 
        eliminate unwanted variance throughout the health care system 
        of the Department of Defense and make constant improvements in 
        clinical quality.
            (7) A full range of procedures for productive communication 
        between patients and health care providers regarding actual or 
        perceived adverse clinical events at military medical treatment 
        facilities, including procedures--
                    (A) for full disclosure of such events (respecting 
                the confidentiality of peer review information under a 
                medical quality assurance program under section 1102 of 
                title 10, United States Code);
                    (B) providing an opportunity for the patient to be 
                heard in relation to quality reviews; and
                    (C) to resolve patient concerns by independent, 
                neutral healthcare resolution specialists.
    (c) Additional Clinical Quality Management Activities.--
            (1) In general.--In addition to the elements of the Program 
        set forth in subsection (b), the Secretary shall establish and 
        maintain clinical quality management activities in relation to 
        functions of the health care system of the Department separate 
        from delivery of health care services in military medical 
        treatment facilities.
            (2) Health care delivery outside military medical treatment 
        facilities.--In carrying out paragraph (1), the Secretary shall 
        maintain policies and procedures to promote clinical quality in 
        health care delivery on ships and planes, in deployed settings, 
        and in all other circumstances not covered by subsection (b), 
        with the objective of implementing standards and procedures 
        comparable, to the extent practicable, to those under such 
        subsection.
            (3) Purchased care system.--In carrying out paragraph (1), 
        the Secretary shall maintain policies and procedures for health 
        care services provided outside the Department but paid for by 
        the Department, reflecting best practices by public and private 
        health care reimbursement and management systems.
    (d) Military Medical Treatment Facility Defined.--In this section, 
the term ``military medical treatment facility'' means any fixed 
facility or portion thereof of the Department of Defense that is 
outside of a deployed environment and used primarily for health care.

SEC. 744. MODIFICATIONS TO PILOT PROGRAM ON CIVILIAN AND MILITARY 
              PARTNERSHIPS TO ENHANCE INTEROPERABILITY AND MEDICAL 
              SURGE CAPABILITY AND CAPACITY OF NATIONAL DISASTER 
              MEDICAL SYSTEM.

    Section 740 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 2020 (Public Law 116-92) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a)--
                    (A) by striking ``The Secretary of Defense may'' 
                and inserting ``Beginning not later than September 30, 
                2021, the Secretary of Defense shall''; and
                    (B) by striking ``health care organizations, 
                institutions, and entities'' and inserting ``health 
                care organizations, health care institutions, health 
                care entities, academic medical centers of institutions 
                of higher education, and hospitals''; and
                    (C) by striking ``in the vicinity of major 
                aeromedical and other transport hubs and logistics 
                centers of the Department of Defense'';
            (2) by striking subsection (c) and inserting the following 
        new subsections:
    ``(c) Lead Official for Design and Implementation of Pilot 
Program.--
            ``(1) In general.--The Assistant Secretary of Defense for 
        Health Affairs shall be the lead official for design and 
        implementation of the pilot program under subsection (a).
            ``(2) Resources.--The Assistant Secretary of Defense for 
        Health Affairs shall leverage the resources of the Defense 
        Health Agency for execution of the pilot program under 
        subsection (a) and shall coordinate with the Chairman of the 
        Joint Chiefs of Staff throughout the planning and duration of 
        the pilot program.
    ``(d) Locations.--
            ``(1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense shall carry out 
        the pilot program under subsection (a) at not fewer than five 
        locations in the United States that are located at or near 
        locations with established expertise in disaster health 
        preparedness and response and trauma care that augment and 
        enhance the effectiveness of the pilot program.
            ``(2) Phased selection of locations.--
                    ``(A) Initial selection.--Not later than the 
                earlier of the date that is 180 days after the date of 
                the enactment of this Act or March 31, 2021, the 
                Assistant Secretary of Defense for Health Affairs, in 
                consultation with the Secretary of Veterans Affairs, 
                the Secretary of Health and Human Services, the 
                Secretary of Homeland Security, and the Secretary of 
                Transportation, shall select not fewer than two 
                locations at which to carry out the pilot program.
                    ``(B) Subsequent selection.--Not later than the end 
                of each one-year period following selection of 
                locations under subparagraph (A), the Assistant 
                Secretary of Defense for Health Affairs, in 
                consultation with the Secretary of Veterans Affairs, 
                the Secretary of Health and Human Services, the 
                Secretary of Homeland Security, and the Secretary of 
                Transportation, shall select not fewer than two 
                additional locations at which to carry out the pilot 
                program until not fewer than five locations are 
                selected in total.
            ``(3) Consideration and priority for locations.--In 
        selecting locations for the pilot program under subsection (a), 
        the Secretary shall--
                    ``(A) consider--
                            ``(i) the proximity of the location to 
                        civilian or military transportation hubs, 
                        including airports, railways, interstate 
                        highways, or ports;
                            ``(ii) the ability of the location to 
                        accept a redistribution of casualties during 
                        times of war;
                            ``(iii) the ability of the location to 
                        provide trauma care training opportunities for 
                        medical personnel of the Department of Defense; 
                        and
                            ``(iv) the proximity of the location to 
                        existing academic medical centers of 
                        institutions of higher education, facilities of 
                        the Department, or other institutions that have 
                        established expertise in the areas of--
                                    ``(I) highly infectious disease;
                                    ``(II) biocontainment;
                                    ``(III) quarantine;
                                    ``(IV) trauma care;
                                    ``(V) combat casualty care;
                                    ``(VI) the National Disaster 
                                Medical System under section 2812 of 
                                the Public Health Service Act (42 
                                U.S.C. 300hh-11);
                                    ``(VII) disaster health 
                                preparedness and response;
                                    ``(VIII) medical and public health 
                                management of biological, chemical, 
                                radiological, or nuclear hazards; or
                                    ``(IX) such other areas of 
                                expertise as the Secretary considers 
                                appropriate; and
                    ``(B) give priority to public-private partnerships 
                with academic medical centers of institutions of higher 
                education, hospitals, and other entities with 
                facilities that have an established history of 
                providing clinical care, treatment, training, and 
                research in the areas described in subparagraph (A)(ii) 
                or other specializations determined important by the 
                Secretary for purposes of the pilot program.'';
            (3) by redesignating subsections (d) through (f) as 
        subsections (e) through (g), respectively;
            (4) in subsection (g), as redesignated by paragraph (3)--
                    (A) in paragraph (1)--
                            (i) in subparagraph (A), by striking ``the 
                        commencement of the pilot program under 
                        subsection (a)'' and inserting ``the initial 
                        selection of locations for the pilot program 
                        under subsection (d)(2)(A)''; and
                            (ii) in subparagraph (B)--
                                    (I) in clause (ii), by striking 
                                ``subsection (d)'' and inserting 
                                ``subsection (e)'';
                                    (II) in clause (iii), by striking 
                                ``subsection (e)'' and inserting 
                                ``subsection (f)''; and
                    (B) in paragraph (2)(B)(iv), by striking ``the 
                authority for''; and
            (5) by adding at the end the following new subsection:
    ``(h) Institution of Higher Education Defined.--In this section, 
the term `institution of higher education' means a four-year 
institution of higher education, as defined in section 101(a) of the 
Higher Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 1001(a)).''.

SEC. 745. STUDY ON FORCE MIX OPTIONS AND SERVICE MODELS TO ENHANCE 
              READINESS OF MEDICAL FORCE OF THE ARMED FORCES TO PROVIDE 
              COMBAT CASUALTY CARE.

    (a) Study Required.--Not later than 30 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall seek to enter 
into an agreement with a federally funded research and development 
center or other independent entity to perform a study on force mix 
options and service models (including traditional and nontraditional 
active and reserve models) to optimize the readiness of the medical 
force of the Armed Forces to deliver combat care on the battlefield.
    (b) Issues To Be Addressed.--The study required by subsection (a) 
shall include, at a minimum--
            (1) with respect to options relating to members of the 
        Armed Forces on active duty--
                    (A) a review of existing models for such members 
                who are medical professionals to support clinical 
                readiness skills by serving in civilian trauma centers;
                    (B) an assessment of the extent to which existing 
                models can be optimized, standardized, and scaled to 
                address current readiness shortfalls; and
                    (C) an evaluation of the cost and effectiveness of 
                alternative models for such members who are medical 
                professionals to serve in civilian trauma centers; and
            (2) with respect to options relating to members of the 
        reserve components of the Armed Forces--
                    (A) a review of existing models for such members of 
                the reserve components who are medical professionals to 
                support clinical readiness skills by serving in 
                civilian trauma centers;
                    (B) an assessment of the extent to which existing 
                models can be optimized, standardized, and scaled to 
                address current readiness shortfalls; and
                    (C) an evaluation of the cost and effectiveness of 
                alternative models for such members of the reserve 
                components who are medical professionals to serve in 
                civilian trauma centers.
    (c) Report.--Not later than 15 months after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall submit to the Committees on 
Armed Services of the Senate and the House of Representatives a report 
on the findings and recommendations of the independent study required 
by subsection (a).

SEC. 746. COMPTROLLER GENERAL STUDY ON DELIVERY OF MENTAL HEALTH 
              SERVICES TO MEMBERS OF THE RESERVE COMPONENTS OF THE 
              ARMED FORCES.

    (a) In General.--The Comptroller General of the United States shall 
conduct a study on the delivery of Federal, State, and private mental 
health services to members of the reserve components.
    (b) Elements.--The study conducted under subsection (a) shall--
            (1) identify all programs, coverage, and costs associated 
        with services described in such subsection;
            (2) specify gaps or barriers to access that could result in 
        delayed or insufficient mental health care support to members 
        of the reserve components.
            (3) evaluate the mental health screening requirements for 
        members of the reserve components immediately before, during, 
        and after--
                    (A) Federal deployment under title 10, United 
                States Code; or
                    (B) State deployment under title 32, United States 
                Code; and
            (4) provide recommendations when practicable to strengthen 
        the reintegration of members of the reserve components, 
        including an assessment of the effectiveness of making 
        programming mandatory.
    (c) Report.--Not later than one year after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Comptroller General shall submit to the 
Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of 
Representatives a report on the study conducted under subsection (a).
    (d) Reserve Component Defined.--In this section, the term ``reserve 
component'' means a reserve component of the Armed Forces named in 
section 10101 of title 10, United States Code.

SEC. 747. REVIEW AND REPORT ON PREVENTION OF SUICIDE AMONG MEMBERS OF 
              THE ARMED FORCES STATIONED AT REMOTE INSTALLATIONS 
              OUTSIDE THE CONTIGUOUS UNITED STATES.

    (a) Review Required.--The Comptroller General of the United States 
shall conduct a review of efforts by the Department of Defense to 
prevent suicide among members of the Armed Forces stationed at covered 
installations.
    (b) Elements of Review.--The review conducted under subsection (a) 
shall include an assessment of each of the following:
            (1) Current policy guidelines of the Armed Forces on the 
        prevention of suicide among members of the Armed Forces 
        stationed at covered installations.
            (2) Current suicide prevention programs of the Armed Forces 
        and activities for members of the Armed Forces stationed at 
        covered installations and their dependents, including programs 
        provided by the Defense Health Program and the Office of 
        Suicide Prevention.
            (3) The integration of mental health screenings and suicide 
        risk and prevention efforts for members of the Armed Forces 
        stationed at covered installations and their dependents into 
        the delivery of primary care for such members and dependents.
            (4) The standards for responding to attempted or completed 
        suicides among members of the Armed Forces stationed at covered 
        installations and their dependents, including guidance and 
        training to assist commanders in addressing incidents of 
        attempted or completed suicide within their units.
            (5) The standards regarding data collection for members of 
        the Armed Forces stationed at covered installations and their 
        dependents, including related factors such as domestic violence 
        and child abuse.
            (6) The means to ensure the protection of privacy of 
        members of the Armed Forces stationed at covered installations 
        and their dependents who seek or receive treatment related to 
        suicide prevention.
            (7) The availability of information from indigenous 
        populations on suicide prevention for members of the Armed 
        Forces stationed at covered installations who are members of 
        such a population.
            (8) The availability of information from graduate research 
        programs of institutions of higher education on suicide 
        prevention for members of the Armed Forces.
            (9) Such other matters as the Comptroller General considers 
        appropriate in connection with the prevention of suicide among 
        members of the Armed Forces stationed at covered installations 
        and their dependents.
    (c) Briefing and Report.--The Comptroller General shall--
            (1) not later than October 1, 2021, brief the Committees on 
        Armed Services of the Senate and the House of Representatives 
        on preliminary observations relating to the review conducted 
        under subsection (a); and
            (2) not later than March 1, 2022, submit to the Committees 
        on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of 
        Representatives a report containing the results of such review.
    (d) Covered Installation Defined.--In this section, the term 
``covered installation'' means a remote installation of the Department 
of Defense outside the contiguous United States.

SEC. 748. AUDIT OF MEDICAL CONDITIONS OF TENANTS IN PRIVATIZED MILITARY 
              HOUSING.

    (a) In General.--Not later than 90 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Inspector General of the Department of 
Defense shall commence the conduct of an audit of the medical 
conditions of eligible individuals and the association between adverse 
exposures of such individuals in unsafe or unhealthy housing units and 
the health of such individuals.
    (b) Content of Audit.--The audit conducted under subsection (a) 
shall--
            (1) determine the percentage of units of privatized 
        military housing that are unsafe or unhealthy housing units;
            (2) study the adverse exposures of eligible individuals 
        that relate to residing in an unsafe or unhealthy housing unit 
        and the effect of such exposures on the health of such 
        individuals; and
            (3) determine the association, to the extent permitted by 
        available scientific data, and provide quantifiable data on 
        such association, between such adverse exposures and the 
        occurrence of a medical condition in eligible individuals 
        residing in unsafe or unhealthy housing units.
    (c) Conduct of Audit.--The Inspector General of the Department 
shall conduct the audit under subsection (a) using the same privacy 
preserving guidelines used by the Inspector General in conducting other 
audits of health records.
    (d) Source of Data.--In conducting the audit under subsection (a), 
the Inspector General of the Department shall use--
            (1) de-identified data from electronic health records of 
        the Department;
            (2) records of claims under the TRICARE program (as defined 
        in section 1072(7) of title 10, United States Code); and
            (3) such other data as determined necessary by the 
        Inspector General.
    (e) Submittal and Public Availability of Report.--Not later than 
one year after the commencement of the audit under subsection (a), the 
Inspector General of the Department shall--
            (1) submit to the Secretary of Defense and the Committees 
        on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of 
        Representatives a report on the results of the audit conducted 
        under subsection (a); and
            (2) publish such report on a publicly available internet 
        website of the Department of Defense.
    (f) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) Eligible individual.--The term ``eligible individual'' 
        means a member of the Armed Forces or a family member of a 
        member of the Armed Forces who has resided in an unsafe or 
        unhealthy housing unit.
            (2) Privatized military housing.--The term ``privatized 
        military housing'' means military housing provided under 
        subchapter IV of chapter 169 of title 10, United States Code.
            (3) Unsafe or unhealthy housing unit.--The term ``unsafe or 
        unhealthy housing unit'' means a unit of privatized military 
        housing in which, at any given time, at least one of the 
        following hazards is present:
                    (A) Physiological hazards, including the following:
                            (i) Dampness or microbial growth.
                            (ii) Lead-based paint.
                            (iii) Asbestos or manmade fibers.
                            (iv) Ionizing radiation.
                            (v) Biocides.
                            (vi) Carbon monoxide.
                            (vii) Volatile organic compounds.
                            (viii) Infectious agents.
                            (ix) Fine particulate matter.
                    (B) Psychological hazards, including ease of access 
                by unlawful intruders or lighting issues.
                    (C) Poor ventilation.
                    (D) Safety hazards.
                    (E) Other hazards as determined by the Inspector 
                General of the Department.

SEC. 749. COMPTROLLER GENERAL STUDY ON PRENATAL AND POSTPARTUM MENTAL 
              HEALTH CONDITIONS AMONG MEMBERS OF THE ARMED FORCES AND 
              THEIR DEPENDENTS.

    (a) Study.--
            (1) In general.--The Comptroller General of the United 
        States shall conduct a study on prenatal and postpartum mental 
        health conditions among members of the Armed Forces and 
        dependents of such members.
            (2) Elements.--The study required under paragraph (1) shall 
        include the following:
                    (A) An assessment of the extent to which 
                beneficiaries under the TRICARE program, including 
                members of the Armed Forces and dependents of such 
                members, are diagnosed with prenatal or postpartum 
                mental health conditions, including--
                            (i) prenatal or postpartum depression;
                            (ii) prenatal or postpartum anxiety 
                        disorder;
                            (iii) prenatal or postpartum obsessive 
                        compulsive disorder;
                            (iv) prenatal or postpartum psychosis; and
                            (v) other relevant mood disorders.
                    (B) A demographic assessment of the population 
                included in the study with respect to race, ethnicity, 
                sex, age, relationship status, military service, 
                military occupation, and rank, where applicable.
                    (C) An assessment of the status of prenatal and 
                postpartum mental health care for beneficiaries under 
                the TRICARE program, including those who seek care at 
                military medical treatment facilities and those who 
                rely on civilian providers.
                    (D) An assessment of the ease or delay for 
                beneficiaries under the TRICARE program in obtaining 
                treatment for prenatal and postpartum mental health 
                conditions, including--
                            (i) an assessment of wait times for mental 
                        health treatment at each military medical 
                        treatment facility; and
                            (ii) a description of the reasons such 
                        beneficiaries may cease seeking such treatment.
                    (E) A comparison of the rates of prenatal or 
                postpartum mental health conditions within the military 
                community to such rates in the civilian population, as 
                reported by the Centers for Disease Control and 
                Prevention.
                    (F) An assessment of any effects of implicit or 
                explicit bias in prenatal and postpartum mental health 
                care under the TRICARE program, or evidence of racial 
                or socioeconomic barriers to such care.
    (b) Report.--Not later than one year after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Comptroller General shall submit to the 
Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of 
Representatives a report on the findings of the study conducted under 
subsection (a), including--
            (1) recommendations for actions to be taken by the 
        Secretary of Defense to improve prenatal and postpartum mental 
        health among members of the Armed Forces and dependents of such 
        members; and
            (2) such other recommendations as the Comptroller General 
        determines appropriate.
    (c) Definitions.--In this section, the terms ``dependent'' and 
``TRICARE program'' have the meanings given those terms in section 1072 
of title 10, United States Code.

SEC. 750. PLAN FOR EVALUATION OF FLEXIBLE SPENDING ACCOUNT OPTIONS FOR 
              MEMBERS OF THE UNIFORMED SERVICES AND THEIR FAMILIES.

    (a) In General.--Not later than March 1, 2021, the Secretary of 
Defense shall submit to the congressional defense committees a plan to 
evaluate flexible spending account options that allow pre-tax payment 
of health and dental insurance premiums, out-of-pocket health care 
expenses, and dependent care expenses for members of the uniformed 
services and their family members, including an identification of any 
legislative or administrative barriers to achieving the implementation 
of such options.
    (b) Uniformed Services Defined.--In this section, the term 
``uniformed services'' has the meaning given that term in section 101 
of title 37, United States Code.

SEC. 751. ASSESSMENT OF RECEIPT BY CIVILIANS OF EMERGENCY MEDICAL 
              TREATMENT AT MILITARY MEDICAL TREATMENT FACILITIES.

    (a) Assessment.--Not later than one year after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Comptroller General of the United States 
shall complete an assessment of the provision by the Department of 
Defense of emergency medical treatment to civilians who are not covered 
beneficiaries at military medical treatment facilities during the 
period beginning on October 1, 2015, and ending on September 30, 2020.
    (b) Elements of Assessment.--The assessment completed under 
subsection (a) shall include, with respect to civilians who received 
emergency medical treatment at a military medical treatment facility 
during the period specified in such paragraph, the following:
            (1) The total fees charged to such civilians for such 
        treatment and the total fees collected.
            (2) The amount of medical debt from such treatment that was 
        garnished from such civilians, categorized by garnishment from 
        Social Security benefits, tax refunds, wages, or other 
        financial asset.
            (3) The number of such civilians from whom medical debt 
        from such treatment was garnished.
            (4) The total fees for such treatment that were waived for 
        such civilians.
            (5) With respect to medical debt incurred by such civilians 
        from such treatment--
                    (A) the amount of such debt that was collected by 
                the Department of Defense;
                    (B) the amount of such debt still owed to the 
                Department; and
                    (C) the amount of debt transferred from the 
                Department of Defense to the Department of the Treasury 
                for collection.
            (6) The number of such civilians from whom such medical 
        debt was collected who did not possess medical insurance at the 
        time of such treatment.
            (7) The number of such civilians from whom such medical 
        debt was collected who collected Social Security benefits at 
        the time of such treatment.
            (8) The number of such civilians from whom such medical 
        debt was collected who, at the time of such treatment, earned--
                    (A) less than the poverty line;
                    (B) less than 200 percent of the poverty line;
                    (C) less than 300 percent of the poverty line; and
                    (D) less than 400 percent of the poverty line.
            (9) An assessment of the process through which military 
        medical treatment facilities seek to recover unpaid medical 
        debt from such civilians, including whether the Department of 
        Defense contracts with private debt collectors to recover such 
        unpaid medical debt.
            (10) An assessment of the process, if any, through which 
        such civilians can apply to have medical debt for such 
        treatment waived, forgiven, canceled, or otherwise determined 
        to not be a financial obligation of the civilian.
            (11) Such other information as the Comptroller General 
        determines appropriate.
    (c) Report.--Not later than 180 days after the completion of the 
assessment under subsection (a), the Comptroller General shall submit 
to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of 
Representatives a report containing the results of the assessment.
    (d) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) Civilian.--The term ``civilian'' means an individual 
        who is not--
                    (A) a member of the Armed Forces;
                    (B) a contractor of the Department of Defense; or
                    (C) a civilian employee of the Department.
            (2) Covered beneficiary.--The term ``covered beneficiary'' 
        has the meaning given that term in section 1072(5) of title 10, 
        United States Code.
            (3) Poverty line.--The term ``poverty line'' has the 
        meaning given that term in section 673 of the Community 
        Services Block Grant Act (42 U.S.C. 9902).

SEC. 752. REPORT ON BILLING PRACTICES FOR HEALTH CARE FROM DEPARTMENT 
              OF DEFENSE.

    (a) Findings.--Congress finds the following:
            (1) Through the TRICARE program, the Department of Defense 
        provides health care benefits and services to approximately 
        9,500,000 beneficiaries.
            (2) The Department of Defense is not structured as a 
        typical health care provider, which can lead to complicated 
        billing practices and strict deadlines for members of the Armed 
        Forces, former members of the Armed Forces, and their 
        dependents, as well as for providers.
            (3) Numerous findings issued by the Inspector General of 
        the Department of Defense between 2014 and 2019 describe the 
        third-party collection program of the Department as 
        inadequately managed, resulting in substantial uncollected 
        funds that could be used to improve the quality of health care 
        at military medical treatment facilities.
            (4) Numerous press reports have found that the Federal 
        Government aggressively collects unpaid debts from uninsured or 
        low-income civilian patients who happen to receive treatment at 
        a military medical treatment facility, even though providing 
        that treatment often benefits military readiness by providing 
        experience to military medical professionals.
    (b) Sense of Congress.--It is the sense of Congress that it is in 
the national interest of the United States to ensure members of the 
Armed Forces, former members of the Armed Forces, and their dependents 
receive high-quality health care, and that Federal agencies prioritize 
fairness and accessibility when administering health care.
    (c) Report.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than one year after the date of 
        the enactment of this Act, the Comptroller General of the 
        United States shall submit to Congress a report assessing the 
        billing practices of the Department of Defense for care 
        received under the TRICARE program or at military medical 
        treatment facilities.
            (2) Elements.--The report required by paragraph (1) shall 
        include the following:
                    (A) A description of the extent to which data is 
                being collected and maintained on whether beneficiaries 
                under the TRICARE program have other forms of health 
                insurance.
                    (B) A description of the extent to which the 
                Secretary of Defense has implemented the 
                recommendations of the Inspector General of the 
                Department of Defense to improve collections of third-
                party payments for care at military medical treatment 
                facilities and a description of the impact such 
                implementation has had on such beneficiaries.
                    (C) A description of the extent to which the 
                process used by managed care support contractors under 
                the TRICARE program to adjudicate third-party liability 
                claims is efficient and effective, including with 
                respect to communication with such beneficiaries.
    (d) TRICARE Program Defined.--In this section, the term ``TRICARE 
program'' has the meaning given that term in section 1072 of title 10, 
United States Code.

SEC. 753. ACCESS OF VETERANS TO INDIVIDUAL LONGITUDINAL EXPOSURE 
              RECORD.

    The Secretary of Veterans Affairs, in consultation with the 
Secretary of Defense, shall provide to a veteran read-only access to 
the documents of the veteran contained in the Individual Longitudinal 
Exposure Record in a printable format through a portal accessible 
through a website of the Department of Veterans Affairs and a website 
of the Department of Defense.

SEC. 754. STUDY ON THE INCIDENCE OF CANCER DIAGNOSIS AND MORTALITY 
              AMONG MILITARY AVIATORS AND AVIATION SUPPORT PERSONNEL.

    (a) Study.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense, in conjunction 
        with the National Institutes of Health and the National Cancer 
        Institute, shall conduct a study on cancer among covered 
        individuals in two phases as provided in this subsection.
            (2) Phase 1.--
                    (A) In general.--Under the initial phase of the 
                study conducted under paragraph (1), the Secretary of 
                Defense shall determine if there is a higher incidence 
                of cancers occurring for covered individuals as 
                compared to similar age groups in the general 
                population through the use of the database of the 
                Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results program of 
                the National Cancer Institute.
                    (B) Report.--Not later than one year after the date 
                of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall 
                submit to the appropriate committees of Congress a 
                report on the findings of the initial phase of the 
                study under subparagraph (A).
            (3) Phase 2.--
                    (A) In general.--If, pursuant to the initial phase 
                of the study under paragraph (2), the Secretary 
                concludes that there is an increased rate of cancers 
                among covered individuals, the Secretary shall conduct 
                a second phase of the study under which the Secretary 
                shall do the following:
                            (i) Identify the carcinogenic toxins or 
                        hazardous materials associated with military 
                        flight operations from shipboard or land bases 
                        or facilities, such as fuels, fumes, and other 
                        liquids.
                            (ii) Identify the operating environments, 
                        including frequencies or electromagnetic 
                        fields, where exposure to ionizing radiation 
                        (associated with high altitude flight) and 
                        nonionizing radiation (associated with 
                        airborne, ground, and shipboard radars) 
                        occurred in which covered individuals could 
                        have received increased radiation amounts.
                            (iii) Identify, for each covered 
                        individual, duty stations, dates of service, 
                        aircraft flown, and additional duties 
                        (including Landing Safety Officer, Catapult and 
                        Arresting Gear Officer, Air Liaison Officer, 
                        Tactical Air Control Party, or personnel 
                        associated with aircraft maintenance, supply, 
                        logistics, fuels, or transportation) that could 
                        have increased the risk of cancer for such 
                        covered individual.
                            (iv) Determine locations where a covered 
                        individual served or additional duties of a 
                        covered individual that are associated with 
                        higher incidences of cancers.
                            (v) Identify potential exposures due to 
                        service in the Armed Forces that are not 
                        related to aviation, such as exposure to burn 
                        pits or toxins in contaminated water, embedded 
                        in the soil, or inside bases or housing.
                            (vi) Determine the appropriate age to begin 
                        screening covered individuals for cancer based 
                        on race, gender, flying hours, period of 
                        service as aviation support personnel, Armed 
                        Force, type of aircraft, and mission.
                    (B) Data.--The Secretary shall format all data 
                included in the study conducted under this paragraph in 
                accordance with the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End 
                Results program of the National Cancer Institute, 
                including by disaggregating such data by race, gender, 
                and age.
                    (C) Report.--Not later than one year after the 
                submittal of the report under paragraph (2)(B), if the 
                Secretary conducts the second phase of the study under 
                this paragraph, the Secretary shall submit to the 
                appropriate committees of Congress a report on the 
                findings of the study conducted under this paragraph.
            (4) Use of data from previous studies.--In conducting the 
        study under this subsection, the Secretary of Defense shall 
        incorporate data from previous studies conducted by the Air 
        Force, the Navy, or the Marine Corps that are relevant to the 
        study under this subsection, including data from the 
        comprehensive study conducted by the Air Force identifying each 
        covered individual and documenting the cancers, dates of 
        diagnoses, and mortality of each covered individual.
    (b) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) Appropriate committee of congress.--The term 
        ``appropriate committees of Congress'' means--
                    (A) the Committee on Armed Services and the 
                Committee on Veterans' Affairs of the Senate; and
                    (B) the Committee on Armed Services and the 
                Committee on Veterans' Affairs of the House of 
                Representatives.
            (2) Armed forces.--The term ``Armed Forces''--
                    (A) has the meaning given the term ``armed forces'' 
                in section 101 of title 10, United States Code; and
                    (B) includes the reserve components named in 
                section 10101 of such title.
            (3) Covered individual.--The term ``covered individual''--
                    (A) means an aviator or aviation support personnel 
                who--
                            (i) served in the Armed Forces on or after 
                        February 28, 1961; and
                            (ii) receives benefits under chapter 55 of 
                        title 10, United States Code; and
                    (B) includes any air crew member of fixed-wing 
                aircraft and personnel supporting generation of the 
                aircraft, including pilots, navigators, weapons systems 
                operators, aircraft system operators, personnel 
                associated with aircraft maintenance, supply, 
                logistics, fuels, or transportation, and any other crew 
                member who regularly flies in an aircraft or is 
                required to complete the mission of the aircraft.

Subtitle D--Mental Health Services From Department of Veterans Affairs 
                   for Members of Reserve Components

SEC. 761. SHORT TITLE.

    This subtitle may be cited as the ``Care and Readiness Enhancement 
for Reservists Act of 2020'' or the ``CARE for Reservists Act of 
2020''.

SEC. 762. EXPANSION OF ELIGIBILITY FOR READJUSTMENT COUNSELING AND 
              RELATED OUTPATIENT SERVICES FROM DEPARTMENT OF VETERANS 
              AFFAIRS TO INCLUDE MEMBERS OF RESERVE COMPONENTS OF THE 
              ARMED FORCES.

    (a) Readjustment Counseling.--Subsection (a)(1) of section 1712A of 
title 38, United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the 
following new subparagraph:
    ``(D)(i) The Secretary, in consultation with the Secretary of 
Defense, may furnish to any member of the reserve components of the 
Armed Forces who has a behavioral health condition or psychological 
trauma, counseling under subparagraph (A)(i), which may include a 
comprehensive individual assessment under subparagraph (B)(i).
    ``(ii) A member of the reserve components of the Armed Forces 
described in clause (i) shall not be required to obtain a referral 
before being furnished counseling or an assessment under this 
subparagraph.''.
    (b) Outpatient Services.--Subsection (b) of such section is 
amended--
            (1) in paragraph (1)--
                    (A) by inserting ``to an individual'' after ``If, 
                on the basis of the assessment furnished''; and
                    (B) by striking ``veteran'' each place it appears 
                and inserting ``individual''; and
            (2) in paragraph (2), by striking ``veteran'' and inserting 
        ``individual''.
    (c) Effective Date.--The amendments made by this section shall take 
effect on the date that is one year after the date of the enactment of 
this Act.

SEC. 763. PROVISION OF MENTAL HEALTH SERVICES FROM DEPARTMENT OF 
              VETERANS AFFAIRS TO MEMBERS OF RESERVE COMPONENTS OF THE 
              ARMED FORCES.

    (a) In General.--Subchapter VIII of chapter 17 of title 38, United 
States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new section:
``Sec. 1789. Mental health services for members of the reserve 
              components of the Armed Forces
    ``The Secretary, in consultation with the Secretary of Defense, may 
furnish mental health services to members of the reserve components of 
the Armed Forces.''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning of 
such subchapter is amended by inserting after the item relating to 
section 1788 the following new item:

``1789. Mental health services for members of the reserve components of 
                            the Armed Forces.''.

SEC. 764. INCLUSION OF MEMBERS OF RESERVE COMPONENTS IN MENTAL HEALTH 
              PROGRAMS OF DEPARTMENT OF VETERANS AFFAIRS.

    (a) Suicide Prevention Program.--
            (1) In general.--Section 1720F of title 38, United States 
        Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new 
        subsection:
    ``(l)(1) Covered Individual Defined.--In this section, the term 
`covered individual' means a veteran or a member of the reserve 
components of the Armed Forces.
    ``(2) In determining coverage of members of the reserve components 
of the Armed Forces under the comprehensive program, the Secretary 
shall consult with the Secretary of Defense.''.
            (2) Conforming amendments.--Such section is further 
        amended--
                    (A) in subsection (a), by striking ``veterans'' and 
                inserting ``covered individuals'';
                    (B) in subsection (b), by striking ``veterans'' 
                each place it appears and inserting ``covered 
                individuals'';
                    (C) in subsection (c)--
                            (i) in the subsection heading, by striking 
                        ``of Veterans'';
                            (ii) by striking ``veterans'' each place it 
                        appears and inserting ``covered individuals''; 
                        and
                            (iii) by striking ``veteran'' and inserting 
                        ``individual'';
                    (D) in subsection (d), by striking ``to veterans'' 
                each place it appears and inserting ``to covered 
                individuals'';
                    (E) in subsection (e), in the matter preceding 
                paragraph (1), by striking ``veterans'' and inserting 
                ``covered individuals'';
                    (F) in subsection (f)--
                            (i) in the first sentence, by striking 
                        ``veterans'' and inserting ``covered 
                        individuals''; and
                            (ii) in the second sentence, by inserting 
                        ``or members'' after ``veterans'';
                    (G) in subsection (g), by striking ``veterans'' and 
                inserting ``covered individuals'';
                    (H) in subsection (h), by striking ``veterans'' and 
                inserting ``covered individuals'';
                    (I) in subsection (i)--
                            (i) in the subsection heading, by striking 
                        ``for Veterans and Families'';
                            (ii) in the matter preceding paragraph (1), 
                        by striking ``veterans and the families of 
                        veterans'' and inserting ``covered individuals 
                        and the families of covered individuals'';
                            (iii) in paragraph (2), by striking 
                        ``veterans'' and inserting ``covered 
                        individuals''; and
                            (iv) in paragraph (4), by striking 
                        ``veterans'' each place it appears and 
                        inserting ``covered individuals'';
                    (J) in subsection (j)--
                            (i) in paragraph (1), by striking 
                        ``veterans'' each place it appears and 
                        inserting ``covered individuals''; and
                            (ii) in paragraph (4)--
                                    (I) in subparagraph (A), in the 
                                matter preceding clause (i), by 
                                striking ``women veterans'' and 
                                inserting ``covered individuals who are 
                                women'';
                                    (II) in subparagraph (B), by 
                                striking ``women veterans who'' and 
                                inserting ``covered individuals who are 
                                women and''; and
                                    (III) in subparagraph (C), by 
                                striking ``women veterans'' and 
                                inserting ``covered individuals who are 
                                women''; and
                    (K) in subsection (k), by striking ``veterans'' and 
                inserting ``covered individuals''.
            (3) Clerical amendments.--
                    (A) In general.--Such section is further amended, 
                in the section heading, by inserting ``and members of 
                the reserve components of the Armed Forces'' after 
                ``veterans''.
                    (B) Table of sections.--The table of sections at 
                the beginning of such subchapter is amended by striking 
                the item relating to section 1720F and inserting the 
                following new item:

``1720F. Comprehensive program for suicide prevention among veterans 
                            and members of the reserve components of 
                            the Armed Forces.''.
    (b) Mental Health Treatment for Individuals Who Served in 
Classified Missions.--
            (1) In general.--Section 1720H of such title is amended--
                    (A) in subsection (a)--
                            (i) in paragraph (1)--
                                    (I) by striking ``eligible 
                                veteran'' and inserting ``eligible 
                                individual''; and
                                    (II) by striking ``the veteran'' 
                                and inserting ``the individual''; and
                            (ii) in paragraph (3), by striking 
                        ``eligible veterans'' and inserting ``eligible 
                        individuals'';
                    (B) in subsection (b)--
                            (i) by striking ``a veteran'' and inserting 
                        ``an individual''; and
                            (ii) by striking ``eligible veteran'' and 
                        inserting ``eligible individual''; and
                    (C) in subsection (c)--
                            (i) in paragraph (2), in the matter 
                        preceding subparagraph (A), by striking ``The 
                        term `eligible veteran' means a veteran'' and 
                        inserting ``The term `eligible individual' 
                        means a veteran or a member of the reserve 
                        components of the Armed Forces''; and
                            (ii) in paragraph (3), by striking 
                        ``eligible veteran'' and inserting ``eligible 
                        individual''.
            (2) Clerical amendments.--
                    (A) In general.--Such section is further amended, 
                in the section heading, by inserting ``and members of 
                the reserve components of the Armed Forces'' after 
                ``veterans''.
                    (B) Table of sections.--The table of sections at 
                the beginning of chapter 17 of such title is amended by 
                striking the item relating to section 1720H and 
                inserting the following new item:

``1720H. Mental health treatment for veterans and members of the 
                            reserve components of the Armed Forces who 
                            served in classified missions.''.

SEC. 765. REPORT ON MENTAL HEALTH AND RELATED SERVICES PROVIDED BY 
              DEPARTMENT OF VETERANS AFFAIRS TO MEMBERS OF THE ARMED 
              FORCES.

    (a) In General.--Not later than one year after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Veterans Affairs shall submit 
to the Committee on Veterans' Affairs and the Committee on 
Appropriations of the Senate and the Committee on Veterans' Affairs and 
the Committee on Appropriations of the House of Representatives a 
report that includes an assessment of the following:
            (1) The increase, as compared to the day before the date of 
        the enactment of this Act, of the number of members of the 
        Armed Forces that use readjustment counseling or outpatient 
        mental health care from the Department of Veterans Affairs, 
        disaggregated by State, Vet Center location, and clinical care 
        site of the Department, as appropriate.
            (2) The number of members of the reserve components of the 
        Armed Forces receiving telemental health care from the 
        Department.
            (3) The increase, as compared to the day before the date of 
        the enactment of this Act, of the annual cost associated with 
        readjustment counseling and outpatient mental health care 
        provided by the Department to members of the reserve components 
        of the Armed Forces.
            (4) The changes, as compared to the day before the date of 
        the enactment of this Act, in staffing, training, organization, 
        and resources required for the Department to offer readjustment 
        counseling and outpatient mental health care to members of the 
        reserve components of the Armed Forces.
            (5) Any challenges the Department has encountered in 
        providing readjustment counseling and outpatient mental health 
        care to members of the reserve components of the Armed Forces.
    (b) Vet Center Defined.--In this section, the term ``Vet Center'' 
has the meaning given that term in section 1712A(h) of title 38, United 
States Code.

  TITLE VIII--ACQUISITION POLICY, ACQUISITION MANAGEMENT, AND RELATED 
                                MATTERS

                  Subtitle A--Industrial Base Matters

SEC. 801. POLICY RECOMMENDATIONS FOR IMPLEMENTATION OF EXECUTIVE ORDER 
              13806 (ASSESSING AND STRENGTHENING THE MANUFACTURING AND 
              DEFENSE INDUSTRIAL BASE AND SUPPLY CHAIN RESILIENCY).

    (a) Submission of Recommendations to Secretary of Defense.--In 
order to fully implement the July 21, 2017, Presidential Executive 
Order on Assessing and Strengthening the Manufacturing and Defense 
Industrial Base and Supply Chain Resiliency of the United States, not 
later than 540 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, the 
Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment shall submit 
to the Secretary of Defense a series of recommendations regarding 
United States industrial policies. The recommendations shall consist of 
specific executive actions, programmatic changes, regulatory changes, 
and legislative proposals and changes, as appropriate.
    (b) Scope of Assessment.--In developing the recommendations 
required under subsection (a), the Under Secretary shall assess--
            (1) direct subsidies and investment in the economy;
            (2) direct provision of credit and purchases of private 
        sector bonds and equity;
            (3) prize-based technology challenges for critical research 
        and development milestones;
            (4) capital controls and dollar policy;
            (5) trade policy, including export control policy, 
        government acquisition policy, and targeted protectionist 
        policies;
            (6) export promotion policies;
            (7) foreign talent attraction and retention;
            (8) graduate education policy; and
            (9) expansion of existing or establishment of new public-
        private partnerships, including the Trusted Capital 
        Marketplace.
    (c) Objectives.--The recommendations made pursuant to subsection 
(a) shall aim to--
            (1) facilitate only high-value design, engineering, and 
        manufacturing activities;
            (2) expand the defense industrial base to include friendly 
        and capable allies and partners;
            (3) preserve the viability of domestic and international 
        suppliers;
            (4) include export and productivity incentives;
            (5) accord with standing international trade law; and
            (6) strengthen the domestic national security industrial 
        base, especially in areas currently dependent on foreign 
        suppliers.
    (d) Consultation.--In assessing the areas specified in subsection 
(b) and developing the recommendations required under subsection (a), 
the Under Secretary shall consult or inaugurate studies with, as 
appropriate, the Joint Industrial Base Working Group, the Defense 
Science Board, the Defense Innovation Board, economists, commercial 
industry, and federally funded research and development centers.
    (e) Submission of Recommendations to President.--Not later than 30 
days after receiving the recommendations under subsection (a), the 
Secretary of Defense shall submit the recommendations, together with 
any additional views or recommendations, to the President, the Office 
of Management and Budget, the National Security Council, and the 
National Economic Council.
    (f) Submission of Recommendations to Congress.--Not later than 30 
days after submitting the recommendations to the President under 
section (e), the Secretary of Defense shall submit the recommendations 
to and brief the congressional defense committees on the 
recommendations.

SEC. 802. ASSESSMENT OF NATIONAL SECURITY INNOVATION BASE.

    (a) In General.--Not later than 540 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Deputy Secretary of Defense shall submit to 
the Secretary of Defense an assessment of the economic forces and 
structures shaping the capacity of the national security innovation 
base and policy recommendations pertaining to the outcome of such 
assessment.
    (b) Elements.--The assessment required under subsection (a) shall 
review the following matters as they pertain to the innovative and 
manufacturing capacity of the national security innovation base:
            (1) Competition and antitrust policy.
            (2) Immigration policy, including the policies germane to 
        the attraction and retention of skilled immigrants.
            (3) Graduate education funding and policy.
            (4) Demand stabilization and social safety net policies.
            (5) The structure and incentives of financial markets and 
        businesses' access to credit.
            (6) Trade policy, including export control policy.
            (7) The tax code and its effect on investment, including 
        the Federal research and development tax credit.
            (8) Deregulation in critical economic sectors, land use, 
        environment review, and construction and manufacturing 
        activities.
            (9) National economic and manufacturing infrastructure.
            (10) Intellectual property reform.
            (11) Federally funded investments in the economy, including 
        research and development and advanced manufacturing.
            (12) Federally funded procurement of goods and services.
            (13) Federally funded investments to expand domestic 
        manufacturing capabilities.
    (c) Engagement With Certain Entities.--In conducting the assessment 
required under subsection (a), the Deputy Secretary shall engage 
through appropriate mechanisms with the Defense Science Board, the 
Defense Innovation Board, the Defense Business Board, academic experts, 
commercial industry, and federally funded research and development 
centers.
    (d) Submission of Assessment.--Not later than 30 days after 
receiving the assessment and recommendations under subsection (a), the 
Secretary of Defense shall submit the assessment, together with 
recommendations and any additional views of the Secretary, to the 
President, the Office of Management and Budget, the National Security 
Council, the National Economic Council, and the congressional defense 
committees.

SEC. 803. IMPROVING IMPLEMENTATION OF POLICY PERTAINING TO THE NATIONAL 
              TECHNOLOGY AND INDUSTRIAL BASE.

    (a) National Technology and Industrial Base Implementation.--
            (1) Assessment of research and development, manufacturing, 
        and production capabilities.--
                    (A) In general.--In developing the strategy 
                required by section 2501 of title 10, United States 
                Code, carrying out the analysis of the national 
                technology and industrial base required by section 2503 
                of such title, and performing the periodic assessments 
                required under section 2505 of such title, the 
                Secretary of Defense shall, in consultation with the 
                Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and 
                Sustainment and the Under Secretary of Research and 
                Engineering, assess the research and development, 
                manufacturing, and production capabilities of entities 
                within the United States and non-United States members 
                of the national technology and industrial base as well 
                as other friendly nations.
                    (B) Identification of specific technologies, 
                companies, laboratories, and factories.--The assessment 
                shall include identification of specific technologies, 
                companies, laboratories, and factories of or located in 
                the United States and the non-United States members of 
                the national technology and industrial base of 
                potential value to current and future Department of 
                Defense plans and programs.
            (2) Policy and guidance.--Consistent with section 2440 of 
        title 10, United States Code, the Under Secretary of Defense 
        for Acquisition and Sustainment shall develop and promulgate to 
        the service and command acquisition executives, the heads of 
        the appropriate defense agencies and field activities, and 
        relevant program managers acquisition policy and guidance 
        germane to the use of the research and development, 
        manufacturing, and production capabilities identified pursuant 
        to paragraph (1)(B) and the technologies, companies, 
        laboratories, and factories in specific Department of Defense 
        research and development, international cooperative research, 
        procurement, and sustainment activities.
    (b) Cooperative Research and Development.--
            (1) Authority to enter into cooperative research and 
        development projects with nations in the national technology 
        and industrial base.--Section 2350a(a)(2) of title 10, United 
        States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new 
        subparagraph:
            ``(F) A nation in the National Technology and Industrial 
        Base, as defined by section 2500 of title 10, United States 
        Code.''.
            (2) Regulations.--Not later than 120 days after the date of 
        the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall 
        revise the Department of Defense Supplement to the Federal 
        Acquisition Regulation to conform with subparagraph (F) of 
        section 2350a(a)(2) of title 10, United States Code, as added 
        by paragraph (1).
    (c) Regulatory Council.--Section 2502 of title 10, United States 
Code, is amended by inserting after subsection (d) the following new 
subsection:
    ``(e) National Technology and Industrial Base Regulatory Council.--
            ``(1) Establishment.--The Chairman of the National Defense 
        Technology and Industrial Base Council shall work with the 
        equivalent designees in the countries that comprise the 
        national technology and industrial base to establish the 
        National Technology and Industrial Base Regulatory Council.
            ``(2) Meetings.--The National Technology and Industrial 
        Base Regulatory Council shall meet biannually to harmonize 
        respective policies and regulations, and to propose new 
        legislation and regulations that increase the integration 
        between the policies, persons, and organizations comprising the 
        national technology and industrial base.
            ``(3) Duties.--The National Technology and Industrial Base 
        Regulatory Council shall--
                    ``(A) address and review issues related to 
                industrial security, supply chain security, 
                cybersecurity, regulating foreign direct investment and 
                foreign ownership, control and influence mitigation, 
                market research, technology assessment, and research 
                cooperation within public and private research and 
                development organizations and universities, technology 
                and export control measures, acquisition processes and 
                oversight, and management best practices; and
                    ``(B) establish a mechanism for national technology 
                and industrial base members to raise disputes that 
                arise within the national technology and industrial 
                base at a government-to-government level.''.
    (d) Recommendations for Additional Members of the National 
Technology and Industrial Base.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense shall establish a 
        process to consider the inclusion of additional member nations 
        in the national technology and industrial base.
            (2) Elements.--The process developed under paragraph (1) 
        shall include--
                    (A) analysis of the national security costs and 
                benefits to the United States and allies of the 
                inclusion of such additional member nation in the 
                national technology and industrial base;
                    (B) analysis of the economic costs and benefits to 
                entities within the United States and allies of the 
                inclusion of such additional member nation into the 
                national technology and industrial base, including an 
                assessment of--
                            (i) specific shortfalls in the 
                        technological and industrial capacities of 
                        current member nations of the national 
                        technology and industrial base that would be 
                        addressed by inclusion of such additional 
                        member nation; and
                            (ii) specific areas in the industrial bases 
                        of current member nations of the national 
                        technology and industrial base that would 
                        likely be impacted by additional competition if 
                        such additional nation were included in the 
                        national technology and industrial base; and
                    (C) analysis of other factors as determined 
                relevant by the Secretary.
            (3) Recommended legislation.--
                    (A) In general.--The Secretary of Defense may 
                submit legislative proposals to Congress to add new 
                nations to the national technology and industrial base.
                    (B) Elements.--Proposals submitted pursuant to 
                subparagraph (A) shall include the following elements:
                            (i) A summary of the analyses performed 
                        pursuant to subsection (d)(2).
                            (ii) A set of metrics to assess the 
                        national security and economic benefits that 
                        such inclusion is expected to accrue to 
                        entities within the United States and allied 
                        nations.
            (4) Report.--Not later than 540 days after the date of the 
        enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall submit to the 
        congressional defense committees a report with recommendations 
        regarding whether to include in the national technology and 
        industrial base each country with which the United States 
        maintains a mutual defense treaty, a reciprocal defense 
        procurement agreement, or other defense cooperation agreement. 
        The report shall be based on assessments conducted using the 
        process established under paragraph (1) and shall include, for 
        each country recommended for inclusion, the information 
        specified in paragraph (3)(B).

SEC. 804. MODIFICATION OF FRAMEWORK FOR MODERNIZING ACQUISITION 
              PROCESSES TO ENSURE INTEGRITY OF INDUSTRIAL BASE.

     Section 2509 of title 10, United States Code, as added by section 
845(a) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2020 
(Public Law 116-92), is amended--
            (1) in subsection (b)(2)--
                    (A) in subparagraph (A)--
                            (i) by inserting ``, such as those 
                        identified through the Department of Defense's 
                        supply chain risk management process and by the 
                        Federal Acquisition Security Council, and'' 
                        after ``supply chain risks''; and
                            (ii) in clause (ii), by striking ``(other 
                        than optical transmission components)'';
                    (B) in subparagraph (C)--
                            (i) in clause (x), by striking ``; and'' 
                        and inserting a semicolon;
                            (ii) by redesignating clause (xi) as clause 
                        (xii); and
                            (iii) by inserting after clause (x) the 
                        following new clause:
                    ``(xi) processes and procedures related to supply 
                chain risk management, including those implemented 
                pursuant to section 806 of the Ike Skelton National 
                Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2011 (Public 
                Law 111-383; 10 U.S.C. 2304 note); and''; and
                    (C) by adding at the end the following new 
                subparagraph:
            ``(E) Characterization and assessment of industrial base 
        support policies, programs, and procedures, including--
                    ``(i) limitations and acquisition guidance relevant 
                to the national technology and industrial base (as 
                defined in section 2500(1) of this title);
                    ``(ii) limitations and acquisition guidance 
                relevant to section 2533a of this title;
                    ``(iii) the Industrial Base Analysis and 
                Sustainment program, including direct support and 
                common design activities;
                    ``(iv) the Small Business Innovation Research 
                program;
                    ``(v) the Department of Defense Manufacturing 
                Technology program;
                    ``(vi) programs related to the Defense Production 
                Act of 1950 (50 U.S.C. 4511 et seq.);
                    ``(vii) the Trusted Capital Marketplace program; 
                and
                    ``(viii) programs in the military services.''; and
            (2) in subsection (f)(2), by inserting ``, and supporting 
        policies, procedures, and guidance'' after ``pursuant to 
        subsection (b)''.

SEC. 805. ASSESSMENTS OF INDUSTRIAL BASE CAPABILITIES AND CAPACITY.

    (a) Assessments.--The Secretary of Defense shall define 
intelligence and other information requirements, sources, and 
organizational responsibilities for assessing foreign adversary 
technological and industrial bases and conducting comparative analyses 
of such technological and industrial bases. The requirements, sources, 
and responsibilities shall include--
            (1) examining the competitive advantages foreign 
        adversaries are pursuing, including with respect to regulation, 
        raw materials, educational capacity, labor, and capital 
        accessibility;
            (2) assessing relative cost, speed of product development, 
        age and value of the installed capital base, leadership's 
        technical competence and agility, nationally imposed inhibiting 
        conditions, the availability of human and material resources, 
        and the burdens of government oversight;
            (3) a temporal evaluation of the competitive strengths and 
        weaknesses of United States industry, including manufacturing 
        surge capacity, versus the directed priorities and capabilities 
        of foreign adversary governments; and
            (4) assessing any other issues that the Secretary of 
        Defense determines appropriate.
    (b) Methodology.--The Deputy Assistant Secretary of Defense for 
Industrial Policy shall incorporate inputs pursuant to subsection (a) 
as part of a methodology to continuously assess domestic and foreign 
industries, markets, and companies of significance to military and 
industrial advantage to identify supply chain vulnerabilities.
    (c) Report.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than March 15, 2021, the 
        Secretary of Defense shall submit to the congressional defense 
        committees a report on efforts to establish the continuous 
        assessment activity required under subsections (a) and (b).
            (2) Elements.--The report submitted under paragraph (1) 
        shall include a consideration of whether it would be 
        appropriate to task some of the assessment work to an 
        organization independent of the Department, and any 
        recommendations regarding which organization should perform 
        such work.

SEC. 806. ANALYSES OF CERTAIN MATERIALS AND TECHNOLOGY SECTORS FOR 
              ACTION TO ADDRESS SOURCING AND INDUSTRIAL CAPACITY.

    (a) Analyses Required.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense, acting through 
        the Undersecretary for Acquisition and Sustainment and other 
        appropriate officials, shall review the materials, processes, 
        and technology sectors under subsection (c) to determine and 
        develop appropriate actions, consistent with the policies, 
        programs, and activities required under chapter 148 of title 
        10, United States Code, including--
                    (A) restricting procurement, with appropriate 
                waivers for cost, emergency requirements, and non-
                availability of suppliers, including restricting 
                procurement to--
                            (i) suppliers in the United States;
                            (ii) suppliers in the national technology 
                        and industrial base (as defined in section 
                        2500(1) of title 10, United States Code);
                            (iii) suppliers in other allied nations; or
                            (iv) other suppliers;
                    (B) increasing investment to expand capacity or 
                diversifying sources of supply or alternative 
                approaches to addressing military requirements, through 
                use of research and development or procurement 
                activities and acquisition authorities;
                    (C) taking a combination of actions described under 
                subparagraphs (A) and (B); or
                    (D) taking no actions, restrictions, or additional 
                investment.
            (2) Considerations.--The analyses conducted pursuant to 
        paragraph (1) shall consider national security, economic, and 
        treaty implications, as well as impacts on current and 
        potential suppliers of goods and services.
    (b) Recommendations.--The analyses conducted pursuant to subsection 
(a) shall be used to inform policy, agreements, guidance and reporting 
requirements under chapter 148 of title 10, United States Code, 
including--
            (1) the annual report to Congress required under section 
        2504 of such title;
            (2) the annual report on unfunded priorities of the 
        national technology and industrial base required under section 
        2504a of such title;
            (3) Department of Defense technology and industrial base 
        policy guidance prescribed under section 2506 of such title;
            (4) activities to modernize acquisition processes to ensure 
        integrity of industrial base pursuant to section 2509 of such 
        title;
            (5) defense memoranda of understanding and related 
        agreements considered in accordance with section 2531 of such 
        title;
            (6) other requirements as appropriate.
    (c) Materials, Technologies, and Processes of Interest.--The 
Secretary of Defense shall prioritize undertaking analyses and making 
recommendations under this section for the following goods and 
services:
            (1) Goods and services covered under existing restrictions, 
        where a domestic non-availability determination has been made.
            (2) Critical technologies identified in the National 
        Defense Strategy.
            (3) Technologies and sectors identified in reports required 
        regarding the defense industrial base.
            (4) Microelectronics.
            (5) Printed circuit boards and other electronics 
        components.
            (6) Pharmaceuticals.
            (7) Medical devices.
            (8) Personal protective equipment.
            (9) Rare earth materials.
            (10) Synthetic graphite.
            (11) Coal-based rayon carbon fibers.
            (12) Aluminum.

SEC. 807. MICROELECTRONICS MANUFACTURING STRATEGY.

    (a) In General.--Not later than January 1, 2021, the Deputy 
Secretary of Defense, in consultation with the Under Secretary of 
Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment, the Under Secretary for 
Research and Engineering, and the Director of the Defense Advanced 
Research Projects Agency, shall submit to the Secretary of Defense and 
the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff a strategy to manufacture 
state-of-the art integrated circuits in the United States within a 
period of three to five years that includes a plan to explore and 
evaluate options for re-establishing microelectronics foundry services 
and the industrial capabilities associated with such services.
    (b) Elements.--In developing the strategy required under subsection 
(a), the Under Secretary shall consider--
            (1) multiple models of public-private partnerships to 
        execute the strategy;
            (2) processes and criteria for competitive selection of 
        commercial companies, including companies headquartered in 
        allied and partner countries, to provide design, foundry and 
        assembly, and packaging services and to build and operate the 
        industrial capabilities associated with such services;
            (3) the role that the broader Federal Government should 
        play in organizing and supporting the strategy, including any 
        required direct or indirect funding support, or legislative and 
        regulatory actions, including restricting procurements to 
        domestic sources, and providing anti-trust and export control 
        relief; and
            (4) all potential funding sources and mechanisms for 
        initial and sustaining investments.
    (c) Submission of Strategy to President.--Not later February 1, 
2021, the Secretary of Defense shall submit the strategy, together with 
any views and recommendations, and an estimated budget to implement the 
strategy, to the President, the National Security Council, and the 
National Economic Council.
    (d) Briefing.--Not later than March 1, 2021, the Secretary of 
Defense shall submit the strategy to and brief the congressional 
defense committees on the strategy and the Secretary's recommendations.

SEC. 808. ADDITIONAL REQUIREMENTS PERTAINING TO PRINTED CIRCUIT BOARDS.

    (a) Purchases.--Not later than one year after the date of enactment 
of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall require for new contracts 
or other acquisition activities that contractors, or subcontractors at 
any tier, that provide covered printed circuit boards for use by the 
Department of Defense certify that, of the total value of the covered 
printed circuit boards provided by the contractor or subcontractor 
pursuant to a contract or subcontract with the Department of Defense, 
not less than the percentages set forth in subsection (b) were 
manufactured and assembled within a covered nation.
    (b) Implementation.--
            (1) Establishment of required percentages.--In establishing 
        the certification process under subsection (a), the Secretary 
        shall establish and publish increasing percentages of values of 
        the covered printed circuit boards under subsection (a) to be 
        complied with by appropriate contractors and subcontractors, 
        based on--
                    (A) assessment of covered nation capacity to supply 
                printed circuit boards, over time;
                    (B) assessment of threats to national security 
                capabilities from use of printed circuit boards from 
                non-covered nations;
                    (C) economic benefits accrued by non-covered 
                nations which would otherwise be accrued by covered 
                nations;
                    (D) achieving a goal of production of 100 percent 
                of manufacture and assembly of printed circuit boards 
                in covered nations within ten years; and
                    (E) other criteria as determined appropriate.
            (2) Minimum percentages.--The percentages established by 
        the Secretary under this subsection shall, in any case, be 
        equal to or greater than, unless specifically directed by the 
        Secretary for an individual contract or subcontract--
                    (A) 25 percent by October 1, 2023;
                    (B) 50 percent by October 1, 2025;
                    (C) 75 percent by October 1, 2029; and
                    (D) 100 percent by October 1, 2032.
            (3) Limited exceptions.--If the Secretary of Defense 
        directs that a specific contract or subcontract is required to 
        comply with a different percentage than those prescribed under 
        this subsection, the Secretary shall notify the congressional 
        defense committees not later than 30 days after such direction 
        is issued, along with a rationale for the changed percentage.
    (c) Remediation.--In the event that a contractor or subcontractor 
is unable to complete the certification required under subsection (a), 
the Secretary may accept covered printed circuit boards from the 
contractor or subcontractor for an appropriate time period, not to 
exceed 18 months over a five-year period, while requiring the 
contractor to complete a remediation plan. Such a plan shall be 
submitted to the congressional defense committees and shall require the 
contractor or subcontractor to--
            (1) audit its supply chain to identify any areas of 
        security vulnerability and compliance with section 224 of the 
        National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2020 (Public 
        Law 119-92); and
            (2) meet the requirements of subsection (a) within in an 
        expedited fashion after the initial missed certification 
        deadline to address national security threats.
    (d) Waiver.--A contractor may request that the Secretary of Defense 
waive the requirement for certification, and the Secretary may grant 
such a waiver, if the Secretary has conclusively determined that--
            (1) there are no significant national security concerns 
        regarding counterfeiting, quality, or unauthorized access 
        created by any covered printed circuit boards provided to the 
        Department of Defense by the contractor in the fiscal year 
        under the certification requirement or the previous fiscal 
        year;
            (2) the contractor is otherwise in compliance with all 
        relevant cybersecurity provisions relating to members of the 
        defense industrial base, including section 244 of the National 
        Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2020; and
            (3) the waiver is required to support national security 
        needs, particularly with respect to acquisitions of commercial 
        items.
    (e) Availability and Cost Exceptions.--Subsection (a) shall not 
apply to the extent that the Secretary of Defense or the Secretary of 
the military department concerned determines that covered printed 
circuit boards of satisfactory quality and sufficient quantity, in the 
required form, cannot be procured as and when needed from covered 
nations at reasonable cost, excluding comparisons with non-market 
economies, or in time to meet an operational requirement.
    (f) Definitions.--In this section--
            (1) the term ``covered printed circuit board'' means any 
        printed circuit board that is a--
                    (A) noncommercial item; or
                    (B) commercial or commercially available off-the-
                shelf item that transmits or stores national security 
                sensitive information for--
                            (i) telecommunications;
                            (ii) data communications;
                            (iii) data storage;
                            (iv) medical applications;
                            (v) networking;
                            (vi) fifth-generation cellular 
                        communications;
                            (vii) computing;
                            (viii) radar;
                            (ix) munitions; or
                            (x) any other system that the Secretary of 
                        Defense determines should be covered under this 
                        section; and
            (2) the term ``covered nation'' means--
                    (A) the United States;
                    (B) a member nation of the national technology and 
                industrial base under section 2500 of title 10, United 
                States Code; or
                    (C) a nation that has agreed, in compliance with 
                section 36 of the Arms Export Control Act (22 U.S.C. 
                2776) and section 2457 of title 10, United States 
                Code--
                            (i) to comply with agreements with foreign 
                        governments requiring the United States to 
                        purchase supplies from foreign sources for the 
                        purposes of offsetting sales made by the United 
                        States Government or United States firms under 
                        approved programs serving defense requirements; 
                        or
                            (ii) along with the United States 
                        Government, to remove barriers to purchases of 
                        supplies produced in the other country or 
                        services performed by sources of the other 
                        country; or
                    (D) any country, other than the People's Republic 
                of China, the Russian Federation, Iran, or the 
                Democratic People's Republic of Korea, that the 
                Secretary designates, upon a determination to be 
                published in the Federal Register, that accepting 
                covered printed circuit boards from which--
                            (i) is in the national security interests 
                        of the United States; and
                            (ii) does not pose a significant risk to 
                        national security systems.
    (g) Rule of Construction.--Nothing in this section shall be 
construed to prohibit the Department of Defense from entering into a 
contract with an entity that connects to the facilities of a third 
party, for the purposes of backhaul, roaming, or interconnection 
arrangements, on the basis of the third party's noncompliance with the 
provisions of this section.

SEC. 809. STATEMENT OF POLICY WITH RESPECT TO SUPPLY OF STRATEGIC 
              MINERALS AND METALS FOR DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE PURPOSES.

    (a) Statement of Policy.--It is the policy of the United States 
that the Department of Defense shall pursue the following goals:
            (1) Ensure, by 2030, secure sources of supply of strategic 
        minerals and metals that will--
                    (A) fully meet the demands of the domestic defense 
                industrial base;
                    (B) eliminate the dependence of the United States 
                on unsecure sources of supply of strategic minerals and 
                metals; and
                    (C) ensure that the Department of Defense is not 
                reliant upon unsecure sources of supply for the 
                processing or manufacturing of any strategic mineral 
                and metal deemed essential to national security by the 
                Secretary of Defense.
            (2) Provide incentives for the defense industrial base to 
        develop robust processing and manufacturing capabilities in the 
        United States to refine strategic minerals and metals for 
        Department of Defense purposes.
            (3) Maintain secure sources of supply of strategic minerals 
        and metals required to maintain current military requirements 
        in the event that international supply chains are disrupted.
            (4) Achieve the goals described in paragraphs (1) through 
        (3) through, among other methods--
                    (A) the continued and expanded use of existing 
                programs, such as the National Defense Stockpile 
                administered by the Defense Logistics Agency; and
                    (B) the continued use of authorities under title 
                III of the Defense Production Act of 1950 (50 U.S.C. 
                4531 et seq.).
    (b) Strategic Minerals and Metals.--For purposes of this section, 
strategic minerals and metals include critical minerals, as defined 
pursuant to Executive Order 13817.

SEC. 810. REPORT ON STRATEGIC AND CRITICAL MINERALS AND METALS.

    (a) Report Required.--Not later than June 30, 2021, the Secretary 
of Defense shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the 
Senate and the House of Representatives a report on the results of a 
study, conducted for purposes of this section, concerning strategic and 
critical minerals and metals and vulnerabilities in supply chains of 
such minerals and metals.
    (b) Strategic and Critical Minerals and Metals.--For purposes of 
this section, strategic and critical minerals and metals are minerals 
and metals, including rare earth elements, that are necessary to meet 
national defense and national security requirements, including supply 
chain resiliency, and for the economic security of the United States.
    (c) Elements.--The study required for purposes of the report under 
subsection (a) shall do the following:
            (1) Identify the strategic and critical minerals and metals 
        that are currently utilized by the Department of Defense.
            (2) To the extent practicable, identify the overall annual 
        tonnage of each strategic or critical mineral or metal 
        identified pursuant to paragraph (1) that was utilized by the 
        Department during the 10-year period ending on December 31, 
        2020.
            (3) Identify domestic and international sources for the 
        strategic and critical minerals and metals identified pursuant 
        to paragraph (1).
            (4) Identify risks to access to the strategic and critical 
        minerals and metals identified pursuant to paragraph (1) from 
        supply chain disruptions due to geopolitical, economic, and 
        other vulnerabilities.
            (5) Evaluate the benefits of a robust domestic supply chain 
        for providing strategic and critical minerals and metals to 
        Department manufacturing supply chains in real time.
            (6) Evaluate the effects of the use of waivers by the 
        Department of Defense Strategic Materials Protection Board on 
        the domestic supply of strategic and critical minerals and 
        metals.
            (7) Recommend policies and procedures for the Department to 
        ensure a capability to secure strategic and critical minerals 
        and metals necessary for emerging technologies such as anti-
        microbial products, minerals, and metals for use in medical 
        equipment among other technologies.
            (8) Identify improvements required to the National Defense 
        Stockpile in order to ensure the Department has access to the 
        strategic and critical minerals and metals identified pursuant 
        to paragraph (1).
            (9) Evaluate the domestic processing and manufacturing 
        capacity needed to supply the Department with the strategic and 
        critical minerals and metals identified pursuant to paragraph 
        (1) in an economic and secure manner.
            (10) In consultation with the United States Geological 
        Survey, identify domestic locations already verified to contain 
        large supplies of strategic and critical minerals and metals 
        identified pursuant to paragraph (1) with existing commercial 
        manufacturing interest.
            (11) Address any other matter relating to strategic and 
        critical minerals and metals that the Secretary considers 
        appropriate.
    (d) Form.--The report required by subsection (a) shall be submitted 
in unclassified form, but may include a classified annex.

SEC. 811. STABILIZATION OF SHIPBUILDING INDUSTRIAL BASE WORKFORCE.

    (a) Sense of Congress.--It is the sense of Congress that the 
Department of the Navy must explore and identify solutions, in 
consultation with the Department of Labor, to enhance shipbuilding 
workforce stability and ensure industry preparedness to construct the 
355-ship fleet.
    (b) Working Group to Stabilize Shipbuilding Industrial Base 
Workforce.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary of the Navy shall form a 
        working group with the Secretary of Labor for the purpose of 
        enhancing integration of programs, resources, and expertise to 
        strengthen the shipbuilding industrial base, as well as to 
        provide recommendations to Congress, to better stabilize the 
        shipbuilding industrial base workforce and determine 
        appropriate solutions for workforce fluctuations.
            (2) Duties.--The working group shall carry out the 
        following activities related to the ongoing challenges with 
        workforce stability:
                    (A) Analyze existing Department of the Navy 
                contracts with the shipbuilding industry and other 
                relevant information to better anticipate future 
                employment trends and tailor workforce resources and 
                opportunities for workers most vulnerable to upcoming 
                workforce fluctuations.
                    (B) Identify existing Department of Labor programs 
                for unemployed, underemployed, and furloughed employees 
                that could benefit the shipbuilding industrial base 
                workforce during times of workload fluctuations and 
                workforce instability, and explore potential 
                partnerships to connect employees with appropriate 
                resources.
                    (C) Explore possible cost sharing agreements to 
                enable the Department of the Navy to contribute funding 
                to existing Department of Labor workforce programs to 
                support the shipbuilding workforce.
                    (D) Examine possible programs that will 
                specifically assist furloughed employees who may 
                sporadically rely on unemployment benefits.
                    (E) Explore opportunities for unemployed, 
                underemployed, or furloughed employees to provide 
                workforce training through temporary partnerships with 
                States, technical schools, community colleges, and 
                other local workforce development opportunities.
                    (F) Review existing training programs for the 
                shipbuilding workforce to maximize relevant and 
                necessary training opportunities that would broaden 
                employee skillset during times of unemployment, 
                underemployment, or furlough, where applicable.
                    (G) Assess the possibility of shipbuilding worker 
                support programs to weather a period of unemployment, 
                underemployment, or furlough, including compensation 
                options, alternative employment, temporary stipends, or 
                other worker support opportunities.
                    (H) Study cross-State credentialing requirements 
                and identify any restrictions that inhibit the 
                flexibility of the shipbuilding workforce to seek 
                employment opportunities across State lines, and make 
                recommendations to streamline licensing, credentialing, 
                certification, and qualification requirements within 
                the shipbuilding industry.
                    (I) Review additional or new contracting 
                authorities that could enable the Department of the 
                Navy to award short-term, flexible contracts that will 
                prioritize work for unemployed, underemployed, or 
                furloughed employees within the shipbuilding workforce.
                    (J) Identify specific workforce support programs to 
                support suppliers of all sizes within the shipbuilding 
                industrial base, and assess any additional support from 
                prime contractors that would improve the stability of 
                such suppliers.
                    (K) Assess whether greater collaboration with the 
                United States Coast Guard and its shipbuilding 
                contractors and subcontractors would improve workforce 
                stability by assessing a totality of shipbuilding 
                demands.
                    (L) Consider potential pilot programs that will 
                specifically address shipbuilding industrial base 
                workforce stability.
                    (M) Explore any additional opportunities to invest 
                in recruiting, retaining, and training a skilled 
                shipbuilding workforce.
                    (N) Consider and incorporate the findings and 
                recommendations, as appropriate, of the report on 
                shipbuilder training and the defense industrial base 
                required under section 1037 of the National Defense 
                Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2020 (Public Law 116-
                92).
            (3) Notification requirement regarding establishment and 
        structure.--Not later than 90 days after the date of the 
        enactment of this Act, the Secretary of the Navy, in 
        coordination with the Secretary of Labor, shall notify the 
        congressional defense committees regarding the membership and 
        structure of the working group.
            (4) Report.--Not later than one year after the date of the 
        enactment of this Act, the Secretary of the Navy, in 
        consultation with the Secretary of Labor, shall submit to the 
        congressional defense committees, the Committee on Health, 
        Education, Labor, and Pensions of the Senate, and the Committee 
        on Education and Labor of the House of Representatives a report 
        with the findings and recommendations of the working group.

SEC. 812. MISCELLANEOUS LIMITATIONS ON THE PROCUREMENT OF GOODS OTHER 
              THAN UNITED STATES GOODS.

    Section 2534 of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a)--
                    (A) by striking paragraphs (2) through (5);
                    (B) by inserting after paragraph (1) the following 
                new paragraph:
            ``(2) Components for naval vessels.--
                    ``(A) Vessel propellers with a diameter of six feet 
                or more.
                    ``(B) The following components of vessels, to the 
                extent they are unique to marine applications: 
                gyrocompasses, electronic navigation chart systems, 
                steering controls, propulsion and machinery control 
                systems, and totally enclosed lifeboats.'';
                    (C) by redesignating paragraph (6) as paragraph 
                (3); and
                    (D) in paragraph (3), as redesignated by 
                subparagraph (C), by striking ``(k)'' and inserting 
                ``(j)'';
            (2) in subsection (b)--
                    (A) by striking paragraph (2) and redesignating 
                paragraph (3) as paragraph (2); and
                    (B) in paragraph (2), as redesignated by 
                subparagraph (A), by striking ``subsection 
                (a)(3)(A)(iii)'' and inserting ``subsection 
                (a)(2)(A)'';
            (3) in subsection (c)--
                    (A) by striking ``Items.'' and all that follows 
                through ``Subsection (a) does not apply'' in paragraph 
                (1) and inserting ``Items.--Subsection (a) does not 
                apply''; and
                    (B) by striking paragraphs (2) though (5);
            (4) in subsection (g)--
                    (A) by striking ``(1) This section'' and inserting 
                ``This section''; and
                    (B) by striking paragraph (2);
            (5) in subsection (h), by striking ``subsection (a)(3)(B)'' 
        and inserting ``subsection (a)(2)(B)'';
            (6) in subsection (i)(3), by striking ``Acquisition, 
        Technology, and Logistics'' and inserting ``Acquisition and 
        Sustainment'';
            (7) by striking subsection (j); and
            (8) by redesignating the first subsection designated 
        subsection (k) as subsection (j).

SEC. 813. USE OF DOMESTICALLY SOURCED STAR TRACKERS IN NATIONAL 
              SECURITY SATELLITES.

    (a) In General.-- Except as provided in subsection (a), any 
acquisition executive of the Department of Defense who approves a 
contract for a national security satellite after October 1, 2021, shall 
require any star tracker system included in the design of such national 
security satellite to be domestically sourced.
    (b) Exceptions.-- The application of subsection (a) may be waived 
if the acquisition executive certifies in writing that--
            (1) there is no available domestically sourced star tracker 
        system that meets the national security satellite systems 
        mission and design requirements;
            (2) the cost of the available domestically sourced star 
        tracker system is unreasonably priced based on a market survey; 
        or
            (3) an urgent and compelling national security need exists 
        to necessitate a foreign-made star tracker.
    (c) National Security Satellite Defined.-- In this section, 
``national security satellite'' is a satellite the principle purpose of 
which is to support the national security needs of the United States 
Government.

SEC. 814. MODIFICATION TO SMALL PURCHASE THRESHOLD EXCEPTION TO 
              SOURCING REQUIREMENTS FOR CERTAIN ARTICLES.

    Subsection (h) of section 2533a of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended to read as follows:
    ``(h) Exception for Small Purchases.--Subsection (a) does not apply 
to purchases for amounts not greater than $150,000. A proposed purchase 
or contract for an amount greater than $150,000 may not be divided into 
several purchases or contracts for lesser amounts in order to qualify 
for this exception. On October 1 of each year evenly divisible by 5, 
the Secretary of Defense may adjust the dollar threshold in this 
subsection based on changes in the Consumer Price Index. The Secretary 
shall publish notice of any such adjustment in the Federal Register, 
and the new price threshold shall take effect on the date of 
publication.''.

             Subtitle B--Acquisition Policy and Management

SEC. 831. REPORT ON ACQUISITION RISK ASSESSMENT AND MITIGATION AS PART 
              OF ADAPTIVE ACQUISITION FRAMEWORK IMPLEMENTATION.

    (a) Service Acquisition Executives Input.--The Service Acquisition 
Executives shall report to the Secretary of Defense, the Under 
Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment, the Under 
Secretary of Defense for Research and Engineering, and the Chief 
Information Officer of the Department of Defense how they are 
assessing, mitigating, and reporting on the following risks in 
acquisition programs:
            (1) Technical risks in engineering, software, manufacturing 
        and testing.
            (2) Integration and interoperability risks, including 
        complications related to systems working across multiple 
        domains while using machine learning and artificial 
        intelligence capabilities to continuously change and optimize 
        system performance.
            (3) Operations and sustainment risks, including as mediated 
        by access to technical data and intellectual property rights.
            (4) Workforce and training risks, including consideration 
        of the role of contractors as part of the total workforce.
            (5) Supply chain risks, including cybersecurity, foreign 
        control and ownership of key elements of supply chains, and the 
        consequences a fragile and weakening defense industrial base, 
        combined with barriers to industrial cooperation with allies 
        and partners pose for delivering systems and technologies in a 
        trusted and assured manner.
    (b) Report to Congress.--Not later than March 31, 2021, the Under 
Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment shall submit to 
the congressional defense committees a report including--
            (1) the input received from the Service Acquisition 
        Executives pursuant to subsection (a); and
            (2) the views of the Under Secretary with respect to the 
        matters described in paragraphs (1) through (5) of such 
        subsection.

SEC. 832. COMPTROLLER GENERAL REPORT ON IMPLEMENTATION OF SOFTWARE 
              ACQUISITION REFORMS.

    (a) In General.--Not later than March 15, 2021, the Comptroller 
General of the United States shall brief the congressional defense 
committees on the implementation by the Department of Defense of 
required acquisition reforms with respect to acquiring software for 
weapon systems, business systems, and other activities that are part of 
the defense acquisition system, with a report, or reports, to follow as 
agreed upon by the committees and the Comptroller General.
    (b) Elements.--The briefing and report, or reports, required under 
subsection (a) shall include an assessment of the extent to which the 
Department of Defense has implemented requirements related to the 
following:
            (1) Software acquisition studies and their implementation, 
        including pursuant to section 872 of the National Defense 
        Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2018 (Public Law 115-91; 
        Defense Innovation Board analysis of software acquisition 
        regulations), section 868 of the John S. McCain National 
        Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2019 (Public Law 115-
        232; implementation of recommendations of the final report of 
        the Defense Science Board Task Force on the Design and 
        Acquisition of Software for Defense Systems).
            (2) Software acquisition activities pursuant to section 
        2322a of title 10, United States Code (related to consideration 
        of certain maters during the acquisition of noncommercial 
        computer software), section 875 of the National Defense 
        Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2018 (Public Law 115-91; 
        pilot program for open source software), and section 800 of the 
        National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2020 (Public 
        Law 116-92, related to continuous integration and delivery of 
        software applications and upgrades to embedded systems).
            (3) Software acquisition pilots, including the pilot 
        program pursuant to section 873 of the National Defense 
        Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2018 (Public Law 115-91; 
        relating to the use of agile or iterative development methods 
        to tailor major software-intensive warfighting systems and 
        defense business systems) and the pilot program pursuant to 
        section 874 of such Act (relating to using agile best practices 
        for software development).
    (c) Assessment of Acquisition Policy, Guidance, and Practices.--
Each report under subsection (a) should include an assessment of the 
extent to which Department of Defense software acquisition policy, 
guidance, and practices reflect implementation of relevant 
recommendations from related studies, pilot programs, and directives 
from the congressional defense committees.
    (d) Modification of Requirements for Comptroller General Assessment 
of Acquisition Programs and Initiatives.--Section 2229b(b)(2) of title 
10, United States Code, is amended by striking ``a summary of 
organizational and legislative changes and emerging assessment 
methodologies since the last assessment, and a discussion of the 
implications'' and inserting ``a discussion of selected organizational, 
policy, and legislative changes, as determined appropriate by the 
Comptroller General, and the potential implications''.
    (e) Defense Acquisition System Defined.--In this section, the term 
``defense acquisition system'' has the meaning given that term in 
section 2545(2) of title 10, United States Code.

Subtitle C--Amendments to General Contracting Authorities, Procedures, 
                            and Limitations

SEC. 841. AUTHORITY TO ACQUIRE INNOVATIVE COMMERCIAL PRODUCTS AND 
              SERVICES USING GENERAL SOLICITATION COMPETITIVE 
              PROCEDURES.

    (a) Authority.--
            (1) In general.--Chapter 140 of title 10, United States 
        Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new 
        section:
``Sec. 2380c. Authority to acquire innovative commercial products and 
              services using general solicitation competitive 
              procedures
    ``(a) Authority.--The Secretary of Defense may acquire innovative 
commercial products and services through a competitive selection of 
proposals resulting from a general solicitation and the peer review of 
such proposals.
    ``(b) Treatment as Competitive Procedures.--Use of general 
solicitation competitive procedures under subsection (a) shall be 
considered to be use of competitive procedures for purposes of chapter 
137 of this title.
    ``(c) Limitations.--(1) The Secretary may not enter into a contract 
or agreement in excess of $100,000,000 using the authority under 
subsection (a) without a written determination from the Under Secretary 
of Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment or the relevant service 
acquisition executive of the efficacy of the effort to meet mission 
needs of the Department of Defense or the relevant military department.
    ``(2) Contracts or agreements entered into using the authority 
under subsection (a) shall be fixed-price, including fixed-price 
incentive fee contracts.
    ``(3) Notwithstanding section 2376(1) of this title, products and 
services acquired using the authority under subsection (a) shall be 
treated as commercial products and services.
    ``(d) Congressional Notification Required.--(1) Not later than 45 
days after the award of a contract for an amount exceeding $100,000,000 
using the authority in subsection (a), the Secretary of Defense shall 
notify the congressional defense committees of such award.
    ``(2) Notice of an award under paragraph (1) shall include the 
following:
            ``(A) Description of the innovative commercial product or 
        service acquired.
            ``(B) Description of the requirement, capability gap, or 
        potential technological advancement with respect to which the 
        innovative commercial product or service acquired provides a 
        solution or a potential new capability.
            ``(C) Amount of the contract awarded.
            ``(D) Identification of contractor awarded the contract.
    ``(e) Innovative Defined.--. In this section, the term 'innovative' 
means--
            ``(1) any technology, process, or method, including 
        research and development, that is new as of the date of 
        submission of a proposal; or
            ``(2) any application that is new as of the date of 
        submission of a proposal of a technology, process, or method 
        existing as of such date.''.
            (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at the 
        beginning of chapter 140 of title 10, United States Code, is 
        amended by inserting after the item relating to section 2380b 
        the following new item:

``2380c. Authority to acquire innovative commercial products and 
                            services using general solicitation 
                            competitive procedures.''.
    (b) Repeal of Obsolete Authority.--Section 879 of the National 
Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328; 10 
U.S.C. 2302 note) is hereby repealed.

SEC. 842. TRUTH IN NEGOTIATIONS ACT THRESHOLD FOR DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE 
              CONTRACTS.

    Section 2306a(a)(1) of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in subparagraph (B), by striking ``contract if'' and 
        all that follows through clause (iii) and inserting ``contract 
        if the price adjustment is expected to exceed $2,000,000.'';
            (2) in subparagraph (C), by striking ``section and--'' and 
        all that follows through clause (iii) and inserting ``section 
        and the price of the subcontract is expected to exceed 
        $2,000,000.''; and
            (3) in subparagraph (D), by striking ``subcontract if--'' 
        and all that follows through clause (ii) and inserting 
        ``subcontract if the price adjustment is expected to exceed 
        $2,000,000.''.

SEC. 843. REVISION OF PROOF REQUIRED WHEN USING AN EVALUATION FACTOR 
              FOR DEFENSE CONTRACTORS EMPLOYING OR SUBCONTRACTING WITH 
              MEMBERS OF THE SELECTED RESERVE OF THE RESERVE COMPONENTS 
              OF THE ARMED FORCES.

    Section 819 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 2006 (Public Law 109-163; 119 Stat. 3385; 10 U.S.C. 2305 note) is 
amended--
            (1) by striking subsection (b); and
            (2) by redesignating subsection (c) as subsection (b).

SEC. 844. CONTRACT AUTHORITY FOR ADVANCED DEVELOPMENT OF INITIAL OR 
              ADDITIONAL PROTOTYPE UNITS.

    (a) In General.--Section 2302e of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended--
            (1) in the heading, by striking ``advanced development'' 
        and inserting ``development and demonstration''; and
            (2) in subsection (a)(1), by striking ``provision of 
        advanced component development, prototype,'' and inserting 
        ``development and demonstration''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning of 
chapter 137 of title 10, United States Code, is amended by striking the 
item relating to section 2302e and inserting the following new item:

``2302e. Contract authority for development and demonstration of 
                            initial or additional prototype units.''.

SEC. 845. DEFINITION OF BUSINESS SYSTEM DEFICIENCIES FOR CONTRACTOR 
              BUSINESS SYSTEMS.

    Section 893 of the Ike Skelton National Defense Authorization Act 
for Fiscal Year 2011 (Public Law 111-383; 10 U.S.C. 2302 note) is 
amended--
            (1) by striking ``significant deficiencies'' both places it 
        appears and inserting ``material weaknesses'';
            (2) by striking ``significant deficiency'' each place it 
        appears and inserting ``material weakness''; and
            (3) by amending paragraph (4) of subsection (g) to read as 
        follows:
            ``(4) The term `material weakness' means a deficiency, or 
        combination of deficiencies, in internal control over risks 
        related to Government contract compliance or other shortcomings 
        in the system, such that there is a reasonable possibility that 
        a material noncompliance will not be prevented, or detected and 
        corrected, on a timely basis. A reasonable possibility exists 
        when the likelihood of an event occurring is either reasonably 
        possible, meaning the chance of the future event occurring is 
        more than remote but less than likely, or is probable.''.

SEC. 846. REPEAL OF PILOT PROGRAM ON PAYMENT OF COSTS FOR DENIED 
              GOVERNMENT ACCOUNTABILITY OFFICE BID PROTESTS.

    Section 827 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 2018 (Public Law 115-91) is repealed.

 Subtitle D--Provisions Relating to Major Defense Acquisition Programs

SEC. 861. IMPLEMENTATION OF MODULAR OPEN SYSTEMS ARCHITECTURE 
              REQUIREMENTS.

    (a) Requirements for Interface Delivery.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than one year after the date of 
        the enactment of this Act, the Under Secretary of Defense for 
        Acquisition and Sustainment, in coordination with the Joint All 
        Domain Command and Control Cross Functional Team under the 
        supervision of the Department of Defense Chief Information 
        Officer and the Joint Staff Director for Command, Control, 
        Communications, and Computers/Cyber, shall prescribe 
        regulations and issue guidance to the military services, 
        defense agencies and field activities, and combatant commands, 
        as appropriate, in order to--
                    (A) facilitate the Department of Defense's access 
                to and utilization of system, major subsystem, and 
                major component software-defined interfaces;
                    (B) fully meet the intent of chapter 144B of title 
                10, United States Code; and
                    (C) advance the Department's efforts to generate 
                diverse and recomposable kill chains.
            (2) Elements.--The regulations and guidance required in 
        subsection (a)(1) shall include, at a minimum--
                    (A) requirements that each relevant program office 
                characterizes the desired modularity of the system for 
                which it is responsible, either, in the case of major 
                defense acquisition programs, in the acquisition 
                strategy required under section 2431a of title 10, 
                United States Code, or, in the case of other programs, 
                via other documentation, including--
                            (i) specification of which system, major 
                        subsystems, and major components should be able 
                        to execute without requiring coincident 
                        execution of other systems, major subsystems, 
                        and major components;
                            (ii) a default configuration specifying 
                        which systems, major subsystems, and major 
                        components should communicate with other 
                        systems, major subsystems, and major 
                        components; and
                            (iii) specification of what information 
                        should be communicated, the method of the 
                        communication, and the desired function of the 
                        communication;
                    (B) requirements that relevant Department of 
                Defense contracts include mandates for the delivery of 
                system, major subsystem, and major component software-
                defined interfaces for systems, major subsystems, and 
                major components deemed relevant in the acquisition 
                strategy or documentation referred to in subsection 
                (a)(2)(a), including--
                            (i) software-defined interface syntax and 
                        properties, specifically governing how values 
                        are validly passed and received between major 
                        subsystems and components, in machine-readable 
                        format;
                            (ii) a machine-readable definition of the 
                        relationship between the delivered interface 
                        and existing common standards or interfaces 
                        available in the interface repository of 
                        subsection (c), if appropriate and available, 
                        using interface field transform technology 
                        developed under the Defense Advanced Research 
                        Projects Agency System of Systems Technology 
                        Integration Tool Chain for Heterogeneous 
                        Electronic Systems (STITCHES) program or 
                        technology that is functionally similar; and
                            (iii) documentation with functional 
                        descriptions of software-defined interfaces, 
                        conveying semantic meaning of interface 
                        elements, such as the function of a given 
                        interface field;
                    (C) requirements that relevant program offices, 
                including those responsible for maintaining and 
                upgrading legacy systems, that have awarded contracts 
                that do not include the requirements specified in 
                subparagraph (B) of paragraph (2) nevertheless acquire 
                the items specified in clauses (i) through (iii) of 
                such subparagraph, either through contractual updates, 
                separate negotiations or contracts, or program 
                management mechanisms; and
                    (D) requirements that program offices deliver these 
                interfaces and the associated documentation to the 
                controlled repository established under subsection (c).
            (3) Applicability of regulations and guidance.--
                    (A) Applicability.--The regulations and guidance 
                required under subsection (a)(1) shall apply, at a 
                minimum, to program offices responsible for the 
                prototyping, acquisition, or sustainment of new or 
                existing cyber-physical weapon systems with software-
                defined interfaces, or with major subsystems or 
                components with software-defined interfaces, developed 
                or to be developed, wholly or in part with Federal 
                funds, including those applicable program offices using 
                other transaction authorities (OTA).
                    (B) Extension of scope.--One year after the 
                promulgation of the regulations and guidance required 
                under subsection (a)(1) for cyber-physical systems, the 
                Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and 
                Sustainment shall extend the regulations and guidance 
                to apply to purely software systems, including business 
                systems and cybersecurity systems. The Secretary may 
                make the regulations and guidance applicable, as 
                practicable, to program offices responsible for the 
                acquisition of systems and capabilities under part 12 
                of the Federal Acquisition Regulation and commercially 
                available off the-the-shelf items.
                    (C) Inclusion of subsystems and components.--The 
                major subsystems and components covered under paragraph 
                (2)(A) shall include all subsystems and components 
                covered by contract line items.
    (b) Rights in Interface Software.--
            (1) Regulations.--Not later than one year after the date of 
        the enactment of this Act, the Under Secretary of Defense for 
        Acquisition and Sustainment shall prescribe regulations to 
        define the legitimate interest of the United States and of a 
        contractor or subcontractor in interface software. The 
        regulations shall be included in regulations of the Department 
        of Defense prescribed as part of the Defense Supplement to the 
        Federal Acquisition Regulation.
            (2) Limitation on regulations.--The regulations prescribed 
        pursuant to paragraph (1) may not--
                    (A) impair any right of the United States or of any 
                contractor or subcontractor with respect to patents or 
                copyrights or any other right in software otherwise 
                established by law; or
                    (B) impair the right of a contractor or 
                subcontractor to receive from a third party a fee or 
                royalty for the use of software pertaining to an item 
                or process developed exclusively at private expense by 
                the contractor or subcontractor, except as otherwise 
                specifically provided by law.
            (3) Elements.--Such regulations shall include the following 
        provisions:
                    (A) In the case of a software interface that is 
                developed by a contractor or subcontractor exclusively 
                with Federal funds (other than an item developed under 
                a contract or subcontract to which regulations under 
                section 9(j)(2) of the Small Business Act (15 U.S.C. 
                638(j)(2)) apply), the United States shall have the 
                unlimited and non-expiring right to use the software or 
                release or disclose the software to persons outside the 
                government or permit the use of the software by such 
                persons.
                    (B) In the case of a software interface that is 
                developed in part with Federal funds and in part at 
                private expense and except in any case in which the 
                Secretary of Defense determines that negotiation of 
                different rights in such software would be in the best 
                interest of the United States, the Government--
                            (i) shall have Government-purpose rights to 
                        the software interface, and, in addition, may 
                        release or disclose the software interface, or 
                        authorize others to do so, if--
                                    (I) prior to release or disclosure, 
                                the intended recipient is subject to an 
                                exclusive for-Government-use and non-
                                disclosure agreement;
                                    (II) the intended recipient is a 
                                Government contractor receiving access 
                                to the interface for the performance of 
                                a Government contract; and
                                    (III) the intended use is for the 
                                purpose of system, major subsystem, and 
                                major component segregation, 
                                interoperability, integration, or 
                                reintegration; and
                            (ii) may not use, or authorize other 
                        persons to use, interface software for 
                        commercial purposes.
                    (C) In the case of a software interface that is 
                developed exclusively at private expense, the 
                Government shall negotiate with the contractor or the 
                subcontractor to best achieve, if practical, 
                Government-purpose rights to the software interface and 
                rights to release or disclose the software interface, 
                or authorize others to do so, if--
                            (i) prior to release or disclosure, the 
                        intended recipient is subject to an exclusive 
                        for-Government use and non-disclosure 
                        agreement;
                            (ii) the intended recipient is a Government 
                        contractor receiving access to the interface 
                        for the performance of a Government contract; 
                        and
                            (iii) the intended use is for the purpose 
                        of system, major subsystem, and major component 
                        segregation, interoperability, integration and 
                        reintegration.
    (c) Interface Repository.--
            (1) Establishment.--The Under Secretary of Defense for 
        Acquisition and Sustainment shall establish and maintain, at 
        the appropriate classification level, an interface repository 
        for interfaces, syntax and properties, documentation, and 
        communication implementations delivered pursuant to the 
        requirements established under subsection (a)(2)(B) and shall 
        provide interfaces, access to interfaces, and relevant 
        documentation to the military services, defense agencies and 
        field activities, combatant commands, and contractors, as 
        appropriate, to facilitate system, major subsystem, and major 
        component segregation and reintegration.
            (2) Distribution of interfaces.--Consistent with section 
        2320 of title 10, United States Code, and in accordance with 
        subsection (b), the Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition 
        and Sustainment may distribute interfaces, access to 
        interfaces, and relevant documentation to Government entities 
        and contractors. Any such protected transfer or disclosure by 
        the Government to a recipient is limited to only those data 
        necessary for segregation, interoperability, integration, or 
        reintegration.
    (d) System of Systems Integration Technology and Experimentation.--
            (1) Demonstrations and assessment.--No later than one year 
        after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Joint Staff 
        Director for Command, Control, Communications, and Computers/
        Cyber and Department of Defense Chief Information Officer, 
        through the Joint All Domain Command and Control Cross 
        Functional Team, shall conduct demonstrations and complete an 
        assessment of the technologies developed under the Defense 
        Advanced Research Projects Agency's System of Systems 
        Integration Technology and Experimentation program, including 
        the STITCHES technology, and their applicability to the Joint 
        All-Domain Command and Control architecture. The demonstrations 
        and assessment shall include--
                    (A) at least three demonstrations of the use of the 
                STITCHES technology to create, under constrained 
                schedules and budgets, novel kill chains involving 
                previously incompatible weapon systems, sensors, and 
                command, control, and communication systems from 
                multiple military services in cooperation with United 
                States Indo-Pacific Command or United States European 
                Command;
                    (B) an evaluation as to whether the communications 
                enabled via the STITCHES technology are sufficient for 
                military missions and whether the technology results in 
                any substantial performance loss in communication 
                between systems, major subsystems, and major 
                components;
                    (C) an evaluation as to whether the STITCHES 
                technology obviates the need to develop, impose, and 
                maintain strict adherence to common communication and 
                interface standards for Department of Defense systems;
                    (D) the appropriate roles and responsibilities of 
                the Department of Defense Chief Information Officer, 
                the Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and 
                Sustainment, the geographic combatant commands, the 
                military services, the Defense Advanced Research 
                Projects Agency, and the defense industrial base in 
                using and maintaining the STITCHES technology to 
                generate diverse and recomposable kill chains as part 
                of the Joint All-Domain Command and Control 
                architecture; and
                    (E) coordination with the program manager for the 
                Time Sensitive Targeting Defeat program under the Under 
                Secretary of Defense for Research and Engineering and 
                the Under Secretary of Defense for Intelligence.
            (2) Chief information officer assessment.--The Department 
        of Defense Chief Information Officer shall assess the 
        technologies developed under the Defense Advanced Research 
        Projects Agency's System of Systems Integration Technology and 
        Experimentation program, including the STITCHES interface field 
        transform technology, and their applicability to the 
        Department's business systems and cybersecurity tools. This 
        assessment shall include--
                    (A) at least two demonstrations of the use of the 
                STITCHES technology in enabling communication between 
                business systems;
                    (B) in coordination with the Cross Functional Team 
                under the Principal Cyber Adviser and the Integrated 
                Adaptive Cyber Defense program office of the National 
                Security Agency, at least two demonstrations of the use 
                of the STITCHES technology in enabling communication 
                between and orchestration of previously incompatible 
                cybersecurity tools; and
                    (C) an evaluation as to how the STITCHES technology 
                could be used in concert with or instead of existing 
                cybersecurity standards, frameworks, and technologies 
                designed to enable communication across cybersecurity 
                tools.
            (3) Sustainment of stitches engineering resources and 
        capabilities developed by darpa.--To conduct the demonstrations 
        and assessments required under this subsection and to execute 
        the Joint All Domain Command and Control program, the Joint All 
        Domain Command and Control program office shall sustain the 
        STITCHES engineering resources and capabilities developed by 
        the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency.
    (e) Transfer of Responsibility for STITCHES.--One year after the 
date of enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense may transfer 
responsibility for maintaining the STITCHES engineering capabilities to 
a different organization.
    (f) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) Desired modularity.--The term ``desired modularity'' 
        means the desired degree to which systems, major constitutive 
        subsystems and components within a system, and major subsystems 
        and components across subsystems can function as modules that 
        can communicate across component boundaries and through 
        interfaces and can be separated and recombined to achieve 
        various effects, missions, or capabilities.
            (2) Machine-readable format.--The term ``machine-readable 
        format'' means a format that can be easily processed by a 
        computer without human intervention.

SEC. 862. SUSTAINMENT REVIEWS.

    (a) Annual Sustainment Reviews.--Section 2441(a) of title 10, 
United States Code, is amended by inserting ``annually thereafter'' 
before ``throughout the life cycle of the weapon system''.
    (b) Submission to Congress of Sustainment Reviews.--Section 2441 of 
title 10, United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the 
following new subsection:
    ``(d) Submission to Congress of Sustainment Reviews.--(1) The 
Secretary of each military department shall submit no fewer than ten 
sustainment reviews required by this section to the congressional 
defense committees annually. The Secretary of each military department 
shall select the ten reviews from among the systems with the highest 
independent cost estimates for the remainder of the life cycle of the 
program.
    ``(2) The Secretary shall submit the reviews required under 
paragraph (1) to the congressional defense committees annually not 
later than 30 days after submission of the President's annual budget 
request to Congress under section 1105 of title 31. The sustainment 
reviews shall be posted on a publicly available website maintained by 
the Director of the Cost Assessment and Program Evaluation office and, 
for those systems with operating and support cost growth, shall include 
comments from the military departments regarding actions being taken to 
reduce the operating and support costs. The reviews may include 
classified appendices, as appropriate.''.
    (c) Comptroller General Study.--Not later than 180 days after the 
Secretaries of the military departments post the initial sustainment 
reviews required under paragraph (1) of subsection (d) of section 2441 
of title 10, United States Code (as added by subsection (b) of this 
section) on a publicly available website as required under paragraph 
(2) of such subsection (d), the Comptroller General of the United 
States shall assess steps the military departments are taking to 
quantify and address operating and support cost growth. The assessment 
shall include--
            (1) an evaluation of--
                    (A) the causes of operating and support cost growth 
                for selected systems covered by the sustainment 
                reviews, as well as any other systems the Comptroller 
                General determines appropriate;
                    (B) the extent to which the Department has 
                mitigated operating and support cost growth of these 
                systems; and
                    (C) any other issues related to potential operating 
                and support cost growth the Comptroller General 
                determines appropriate; and
            (2) any recommendations of the Comptroller General, 
        including steps the military departments could take to reduce 
        operating and support cost growth for fielded weapon systems, 
        as well as lessons learned to be incorporated in future weapon 
        system acquisitions.

SEC. 863. RECOMMENDATIONS FOR FUTURE DIRECT SELECTIONS.

    The Secretary of each military department shall provide to the 
congressional defense committees in the future-years defense program 
submitted under section 221 of title 10, United States Code, for fiscal 
year 2022 a list of at least one acquisition program for which it would 
be appropriate to have a large number of users provide direct 
assessment of the outcome of a competitive contract award.

SEC. 864. DISCLOSURES FOR CERTAIN SHIPBUILDING MAJOR DEFENSE 
              ACQUISITION PROGRAM OFFERS.

    (a) In General.--Chapter 137 of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended by adding at the end the following new section:
``Sec. 2339c. Disclosures for certain shipbuilding major defense 
              acquisition program offers
    ``(a) General.--Any covered offeror seeking to be awarded a 
shipbuilding construction contract as part of a major defense 
acquisition program with funds from the Shipbuilding and Conversion, 
Navy account shall disclose with its offer and any subsequent offer 
revisions, including the final proposal revision offer, whether any 
part of the offeror's planned contract performance will or is expected 
to include foreign government subsidized performance, financing, 
financial guarantees, or tax concessions.
    ``(b) Disclosure.--An offeror shall make a disclosure required 
under subsection (a) in a format prescribed by the Secretary of the 
Navy and shall include therein a specific description of the extent to 
which the offeror's planned contract performance will include, with or 
without contingencies, any foreign government subsidized performance, 
financing, financial guarantees, or tax concessions.
    ``(c) Congressional Notification.--Not later than 5 days after 
awarding a contract described under subsection (a) to an offeror that 
made a disclosure under subsection (b), the Secretary of the Navy shall 
notify the congressional defense committees and summarize such 
disclosure.
    ``(d) Definitions.--In this section:
            ``(1) Covered offeror.--The term `covered offeror' means 
        any offeror that currently requires or may reasonably be 
        expected to require during the period of contract performance a 
        method to mitigate or negate foreign ownership under subsection 
        (f)(6) of part 2004.34 of title 32, Code of Federal 
        Regulations.
            ``(2) Foreign government subsidized performance.--The term 
        `foreign government subsidized performance' means any financial 
        support, materiel, services, or guarantees of support, 
        services, supply, performance, or intellectual property 
        concessions, that may be provided to or for the offeror or the 
        offeror's Department of Defense customer by a foreign 
        government or entity effectively owned or controlled by a 
        foreign government, which may have the effect of supplementing, 
        supplying, servicing, or reducing the cost or price of an end 
        item, or supporting, financing in whole or in part, or 
        guaranteeing contract performance by the offeror.
            ``(3) Major defense acquisition program.--The term `major 
        defense acquisition program' has the meaning given the term in 
        section 2430 of this title.''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning of 
chapter 137 of title 10, United States Code, is amended by inserting 
after the item relating to section 2339b the following new item:

``2339c. Disclosures for certain shipbuilding major defense acquisition 
                            program offers.''.

                   Subtitle E--Small Business Matters

SEC. 871. PROMPT PAYMENT OF CONTRACTORS.

    Section 2307(a)(2) of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in subparagraph (A), by striking ``if a specific 
        payment date is not established by contract''; and
            (2) in subparagraph (B), by striking ``if--'' and all that 
        follows through ``the prime contractor agrees'' in clause (ii) 
        and inserting ``if the prime contractor agrees or proposes''.

SEC. 872. EXTENSION OF PILOT PROGRAM FOR STREAMLINED AWARDS FOR 
              INNOVATIVE TECHNOLOGY PROGRAMS.

    Section 873(f) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 2016 (Public Law 114-92; 10 U.S.C. 2306a) is amended by striking 
``2020'' and inserting ``2023''.

SEC. 873. REPORTING REQUIREMENTS.

    Section 9(b) of the Small Business Act (15 U.S.C. 638(b)) is 
amended--
            (1) in paragraph (7)--
                    (A) in subparagraph (F), by striking ``and'' at the 
                end;
                    (B) in subparagraph (G), by adding ``and'' at the 
                end; and
                    (C) by adding at the end the following:
                    ``(H) with respect to a Federal agency to which 
                subsection (f)(1) or (n)(1) applies, whether the 
                Federal agency has satisfied the requirement under each 
                applicable subsection for the year covered by the 
                report;'';
            (2) in paragraph (9), by striking ``and'' at the end;
            (3) in paragraph (10), by striking the period at the end 
        and inserting ``; and''; and
            (4) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(11) with respect to a Federal agency to which subsection 
        (f)(1) or (n)(1) applies and that the Administration determines 
        has not satisfied the requirement under either applicable 
        subsection, require the head of that Federal agency to submit 
        to the Committee on Small Business and Entrepreneurship of the 
        Senate and the Committee on Small Business of the House of 
        Representatives a report regarding why the Federal agency has 
        not satisfied the requirement.''.

     Subtitle F--Provisions Related to Software-Driven Capabilities

SEC. 881. INCLUSION OF SOFTWARE IN GOVERNMENT PERFORMANCE OF 
              ACQUISITION FUNCTIONS.

    (a) Inclusion of Software.--Section 1706(a) of title 10, United 
States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new 
paragraph:
            ``(14) Program lead software.''.
    (b) Technical Amendments.--Section 1706 of such title is further 
amended--
            (1) in subsection (a), by striking ``for each major defense 
        acquisition program and each major automated information system 
        program'' and inserting ``for each acquisition program''; and
            (2) by striking subsection (c).

SEC. 882. BALANCING SECURITY AND INNOVATION IN SOFTWARE DEVELOPMENT AND 
              ACQUISITION.

    (a) Requirements for Solicitations of Commercial and Developmental 
Solutions.--The Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and 
Sustainment, in coordination with the Chief Information Officer of the 
Department of Defense, shall develop requirements for inclusion in 
solicitations for both commercial and developmental solutions, and for 
the evaluation of bids, of appropriate software security criteria, 
including--
            (1) delineation of what processes were or will be used for 
        a secure software development lifecycle, including management 
        of supply chain and third-party software sources and component 
        risks; and
            (2) an associated vulnerability management plan or tools.
    (b) Security Review of Code.--The Under Secretary of Defense for 
Acquisition and Sustainment, in coordination with the Chief Information 
Officer of the Department of Defense, shall develop processes for 
security review of code for the purpose of publication and other 
procedures necessary to fully implement the pilot program required 
under section 875 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 2018 (Public Law 115-91; 10 U.S.C. 2223 note).
    (c) Coordination With Software Acquisition Pathway Efforts.--The 
requirements and procedures required under subsections (a) and (b) 
shall be developed in conjunction with the Department of Defense's 
efforts to incorporate input and finalize the procedures described in 
the Interim Procedures for Operation of the Software Acquisition 
Pathway.

SEC. 883. COMPTROLLER GENERAL REPORT ON INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY 
              ACQUISITION AND LICENSING.

    (a) In General.--Not later than October 1, 2021, the Comptroller 
General of the United States shall submit to the congressional defense 
committees a report evaluating the implementation of the Department of 
Defense's Instruction on Intellectual Property Acquisition and 
Licensing (DODI 5010.44), established under section 2322 of title 10, 
United States Code.
    (b) Elements.--The report required under subsection (a) shall 
assess the following:
            (1) The extent to which the Department of Defense is 
        fulfilling the core principles established in DODI 5010.44.
            (2) The extent to which the Defense Acquisition University, 
        Department of Defense components, and program offices are 
        carrying out their responsibilities under DODI 5010.44.
            (3) The progress of the Department in establishing an IP 
        Cadre, including the extent to which such experts are executing 
        their roles and responsibilities.
            (4) The performance of the Department in assessing and 
        demonstrating the implementation of DODI 5010.44, including the 
        effectiveness of the IP Cadre;
            (5) The effect implementation of DODI 5010.44 has had on 
        particular acquisitions;
            (6) Any other matters the Comptroller General determines 
        appropriate.

SEC. 884. PILOT PROGRAM EXPLORING THE USE OF CONSUMPTION-BASED 
              SOLUTIONS TO ADDRESS SOFTWARE-INTENSIVE WARFIGHTING 
              CAPABILITY.

    (a) Finding.--In its final report, the Section 809 Panel 
recommended the adoption of consumption-based approaches at the 
Department of Defense, stating, ``More things will be sold as a service 
in the future. XaaS could really mean everything in the context of the 
Internet of things (IoT). Consumption-based solutions are appearing in 
many industry sectors, from last mile transportation (e.g., bike shares 
and electric scooters) to agriculture (e.g., tractor-as-a-service for 
farmers in developing countries). Most smart phone users are familiar 
with software updates that provide bug fixes or new features. A more 
extreme example of technology innovation enabled by the IoT is the 
ability to deliver physical performance improvements to vehicles 
through over-the-air software updates. . . In the not-so-distant 
future, cloud computing and the IoT will enable consumption-based 
solution offerings and delivery models that are hard to imagine 
today.''
    (b) Sense of Congress.--It is the sense of Congress--
            (1) that the Department of Defense should take advantage of 
        ``as-a-service'' or ``aaS'' approaches in commercial capability 
        development, particularly where the capability is software-
        defined, and cloud-enabled;
            (2) to support the Department of Defense's commitment to 
        new approaches to development and acquisition of software;
            (3) that the Department should explore a variety of 
        approaches, to include the use of consumption-based solutions 
        for software-intensive warfighting capability; and
            (4) that, in conducting activities under the pilot program 
        established under this program, the Department should use the 
        Software pathway under the new Adaptive Acquisition Framework.
    (c) In General.--Subject to the availability of appropriations, the 
Secretary of Defense is authorized to establish a pilot program to 
explore the use of consumption-based solutions to address software-
intensive warfighting capability.
    (d) Selection of Initiatives.--The Secretary of each military 
department and the commander of each combatant command with acquisition 
authority shall propose for selection by the Secretary of Defense for 
the pilot program at least one and not more than three initiatives that 
are well-suited to explore consumption-based solutions to address 
software-intensive warfighting capability. The initiatives may be new 
or existing programs of record and shall focus on software-defined or 
machine-enabled warfighting applications, and may include applications 
that--
            (1) rapidly analyze sensor data;
            (2) secure warfighter networks, including multi-level 
        security;
            (3) swiftly transport information across various networks 
        and network modalities; or
            (4) otherwise enable joint all-domain operational concepts, 
        including in a contested environment.
    (e) Contract Requirements.--Contracts for consumption-based 
solutions entered into pursuant to the pilot program shall provide 
for--
            (1) the solution to be measurable on a frequent interval 
        customary for the type of solution;
            (2) the contractor to notify the government when 
        consumption reaches 75 percent and 90 percent of the contract 
        funded amount; and
            (3) discretion for the contracting officer to add new 
        features or capabilities without additional competition for the 
        contract, provided that the amount of the new features or 
        capabilities does not exceed 25 percent of the total contract 
        value.
    (f) Duration of Initiatives.--Each initiative carried out under the 
pilot program shall be carried out during the three-year period 
following selection of the initiative.
    (g) Monitoring and Evaluation of Pilot Program.--The Director of 
the Office of Cost Assessment and Program Evaluation shall establish 
continuous monitoring to evaluate the pilot program established under 
subsection (c), including collecting data on cost, schedule, and 
performance from the program office, the user community, and the 
contractors.
    (h) Reports.--
            (1) Initial report.--Not later than January 31, 2021, the 
        Secretary of Defense shall submit to the congressional defense 
        committees a report on initiatives selected for the pilot 
        program, roles and responsibilities for implementing the pilot 
        program, and the monitoring and evaluation approach for the 
        pilot.
            (2) Progress report.--Not later than April 15, 2021, the 
        Secretary of Defense shall submit to the congressional defense 
        committees a report on the progress of the initiatives.
            (3) Final report.--Not later than 3 years after the date of 
        the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall 
        submit to the congressional defense committees a report on the 
        cost, schedule, and performance outcomes of the initiatives. 
        The report shall also include lessons learned about the use of 
        consumption-based solutions for software-intensive capabilities 
        and any recommendations for statutory or regulatory changes to 
        facilitate their use.
    (i) Consumption-based Solution Defined.--In this section, the term 
``consumption-based solution'' means any combination of software, 
hardware or equipment, and labor or services that provides a seamless 
capability that is metered and billed based on actual usage and 
predetermined pricing per resource unit, and includes the ability to 
rapidly scale capacity up or down.

                       Subtitle G--Other Matters

SEC. 891. SAFEGUARDING DEFENSE-SENSITIVE UNITED STATES INTELLECTUAL 
              PROPERTY, TECHNOLOGY, AND OTHER DATA AND INFORMATION.

    (a) In General.--The Secretary of Defense shall establish, enforce, 
and track actions being taken to protect defense-sensitive United 
States intellectual property, technology, and other data and 
information, including hardware and software, from acquisition by the 
Government of the People's Republic of China.
    (b) List of Critical Technology.--The Secretary of Defense shall 
establish and maintain a list of critical national security technology.
    (c) Restrictions on Employment of Defense Industrial Base Employees 
With Chinese Companies.--The Secretary of Defense shall provide for 
mechanisms to restrict employees or former employees of the defense 
industrial base that contribute to the technology referenced in 
subsection (b) from working directly for companies wholly owned by, or 
under the direction of, the Government of the Peoples Republic of 
China.
    (d) Reports.--
            (1) Department of defense report.--Not later than May 1, 
        2021, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the 
        congressional defense committees a report on progress in 
        implementing the measures described in subsections (a) through 
        (c).
            (2) Comptroller general report.-- Not later than December 
        1, 2021, the Comptroller General of the United States shall 
        submit to the congressional defense committees a report 
        reviewing the report submitted under paragraph (1) and 
        providing an assessment of the effectiveness of the measures 
        implemented under this section.
            (3) Form.--The reports required under this subsection shall 
        be submitted in unclassified form but may contain classified 
        annexes.

SEC. 892. DOMESTIC COMPARATIVE TESTING ACTIVITIES.

    Section 2350a(g)(1)(A) of title 10, United States Code, is amended 
by inserting ``and conventional defense equipment, munitions, and 
technologies manufactured and developed domestically'' after ``in 
subsection (a)(2)''.

SEC. 893. REPEAL OF APPRENTICESHIP PROGRAM.

    (a) In General.--Section 2870 of title 10, United States Code, as 
added by section 865 of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
Fiscal Year 2020 (Public Law 116-92), is repealed.
    (b) Conforming Amendments.--
            (1) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at the 
        beginning of subchapter III of chapter 169 of title 10, United 
        States Code, is amended by striking the item relating to 
        section 2870.
            (2) Obsolete provision.--Section 865 of the National 
        Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2020 (Public Law 116-
        92) is repealed.

      TITLE IX--DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE ORGANIZATION AND MANAGEMENT

   Subtitle A--Office of the Secretary of Defense and Related Matters

SEC. 901. ASSISTANT SECRETARY OF DEFENSE FOR SPECIAL OPERATIONS AND LOW 
              INTENSITY CONFLICT AND RELATED MATTERS.

    (a) In General.--
            (1) Clarification of chain of administrative command.--
        Section 138(b)(2) of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
                    (A) by redesignating clauses (i), (ii), and (iii) 
                of subparagraph (B) as subclauses (I), (II), and (III), 
                respectively;
                    (B) by redesignating subparagraphs (A) and (B) as 
                clauses (i) and (ii), respectively;
                    (C) by inserting ``(A)'' after ``(2)'';
                    (D) in clause (i) of subparagraph (A), as 
                redesignated by this paragraph, by inserting before the 
                period at the end the following: ``through the 
                administrative chain of command specified in section 
                167(f) of this title;'' and
                    (E) by adding at the end the following new 
                subparagraph:
    ``(B) In the discharge of the responsibilities specified in 
subparagraph (A)(i), the Assistant Secretary is immediately subordinate 
to the Secretary of Defense and the Deputy Secretary of Defense. No 
officer below the Secretary or the Deputy Secretary may intervene to 
exercise authority, direction, or control over the Assistant Secretary 
in the discharge of such responsibilities.''.
            (2) Technical amendment.--Subparagraph (A) of such section, 
        as redesignated by paragraph (2), is further amended in the 
        matter preceding clause (i), as so redesignated, by striking 
        ``section 167(j)'' and inserting ``section 167(k)''.
    (b) Fulfillment of Special Operations Responsibilities.--
            (1) In general.--Section 139b of title 10, United States 
        Code, is amended to read as follows:
``Sec. 139b. Secretariat for Special Operations; Special Operations 
              Policy and Oversight Council
    ``(a) Secretariat for Special Operations.--
            ``(1) In general.--In order to fulfill the responsibilities 
        of the Assistant Secretary of Defense for Special Operations 
        and Low Intensity Conflict specified in section 138(b)(2)(A)(i) 
        of this title, there shall be within the Office of the 
        Assistant Secretary of Defense for Special Operations and Low 
        Intensity Conflict an office to be known as the `Secretariat 
        for Special Operations'.
            ``(2) Purpose.--The purpose of the Secretariat is to assist 
        the Assistant Secretary in exercising authority, direction, and 
        control with respect to the special operations-peculiar 
        administration and support of the special operations command, 
        including the readiness and organization of special operations 
        forces, resources and equipment, and civilian personnel as 
        specified in such section.
            ``(3) Director.--The Director of the Secretariat for 
        Special Operations shall be appointed by the Secretary of 
        Defense from among individuals qualified to serve as the 
        Director. The Director shall have a grade of Deputy Assistant 
        Secretary of Defense.
            ``(4) Administrative chain of command.--For purposes of the 
        support of the Secretariat for the Assistant Secretary in the 
        fulfillment of the responsibilities referred to in paragraph 
        (1), the administrative chain of command is as specified in 
        section 167(f) of this title. No officer below the Secretary of 
        Defense or the Deputy Secretary of Defense (other than the 
        Assistant Secretary) may intervene to exercise authority, 
        direction, or control over the Secretariat in its support of 
        the Assistant Secretary in the discharge of such 
        responsibilities.
    ``(b) Special Operations Policy and Oversight Council.--
            ``(1) In general.--In order to fulfill the responsibilities 
        specified in section 138(b)(2)(A)(i) of this title, there shall 
        also be within the Office of the Assistant Secretary of Defense 
        for Special Operations and Low Intensity Conflict a team known 
        as the `Special Operation Policy and Oversight Council'. The 
        team is lead by the Assistant Secretary of Defense for Special 
        Operations and Low Intensity Conflict, or the Assistant 
        Secretary's designee..
            ``(2) Purpose.--The purpose of the Council is to integrate 
        the functional activities of the headquarters of the Department 
        of Defense in order to most efficiently and effectively provide 
        for special operations forces and capabilities. In fulfilling 
        this purpose, the Council shall develop and continuously 
        improve policy, joint processes, and procedures that facilitate 
        the development, acquisition, integration, employment, and 
        sustainment of special operations forces and capabilities.
            ``(3) Membership.--The Council shall include the following:
                    ``(A) The Assistant Secretary, who shall act as 
                leader of the Council.
                    ``(B) Appropriate senior representatives of each of 
                the following:
                            ``(i) The Under Secretary of Defense for 
                        Research and Engineering.
                            ``(ii) The Under Secretary of Defense for 
                        Management and Support.
                            ``(iii) The Under Secretary of Defense 
                        (Comptroller).
                            ``(iv) The Under Secretary of Defense for 
                        Personnel and Readiness.
                            ``(v) The Under Secretary of Defense for 
                        Intelligence.
                            ``(vi) The General Counsel of the 
                        Department of Defense.
                            ``(vii) The other Assistant Secretaries of 
                        Defense under the Under Secretary of Defense 
                        for Policy.
                            ``(viii) The military departments.
                            ``(ix) The Joint Staff.
                            ``(x) The United States Special Operations 
                        Command.
                            ``(xi) Such other officials or Agencies, 
                        elements, or components of the Department of 
                        Defense as the Secretary of Defense considers 
                        appropriate.
            ``(4) Operation.--The Council shall operate 
        continuously.''.
            (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at the 
        beginning of chapter 4 of such title is amended by striking the 
        item relating to section 139b and inserting the following new 
        item:

``139b. Secretariat for Special Operations; Special Operations Policy 
                            and Oversight Council.''.
    (c) DoD Directive on Responsibilities of ASD SOLIC.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
        the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall 
        publish a Department of Defense directive establishing policy 
        and procedures related to the exercise of authority, direction, 
        and control of all special-operations peculiar administrative 
        matters relating to the organization, training, and equipping 
        of special operations forces by the Assistant Secretary of 
        Defense for Special Operations and Low Intensity Conflict as 
        specified by section 138(b)(2)(A)(i) of title 10, United States 
        Code, as amended by subsection (a)(1).
            (2) Matters for including.--The directive required by 
        paragraph (1) shall include the following:
                    (A) A specification of responsibilities for 
                coordination on matters affecting the organization, 
                training, and equipping of special operations forces.
                    (B) An identification and specification of updates 
                to applicable documents and instructions of the 
                Department of Defense.
                    (C) Mechanisms to ensure the inclusion of the 
                Assistant Secretary in all Departmental governance 
                forums affecting the organization, training, and 
                equipping of special operations forces.
                    (D) Such other matters as the Secretary considers 
                appropriate.
            (3) Applicability.-- The directive required by paragraph 
        (1) shall apply throughout the Department of Defense to all 
        components of the Department of Defense.
            (4) Limitation on availability of certain funding pending 
        publication.--Of the amounts authorized to be appropriated by 
        this Act for fiscal year 2021 for operation and maintenance, 
        Defense-wide, and available for the Office of the Secretary of 
        Defense, not more than 75 percent may be obligated or expended 
        until the date that is 15 days after the date on which the 
        Secretary publishes the directive required by paragraph (1).

SEC. 902. REDESIGNATION AND CODIFICATION IN LAW OF OFFICE OF ECONOMIC 
              ADJUSTMENT.

    (a) Redesignation.--
            (1) In general.--The Office of Economic Adjustment in the 
        Office of the Secretary of Defense is hereby redesignated as 
        the ``Office of Local Defense Community Cooperation''.
            (2) References.--Any reference in a law, map, regulation, 
        document, paper, or other record of the United States to the 
        office referred to in paragraph (1) shall be deemed to be a 
        reference to the ``Office of Local Defense Community 
        Cooperation''.
    (b) Codification in Law.--
            (1) In general.--Chapter 4 of title 10, United States Code, 
        is amended by adding at the end the following new section:
``Sec. 146. Office of Local Defense Community Cooperation
    ``(a) In General.--There is an Office of Local Defense Community 
Cooperation in the Office of the Under Secretary of Defense for 
Acquisition and Sustainment.
    ``(b) Director.--The Office shall be headed by the Director of the 
Office of Local Defense Community Cooperation, who shall be assigned to 
such position by the Under Secretary from among civilian employees of 
the Department of Defense who are qualified to serve in the position.
    ``(c) Functions.--Subject to the authority, direction, and control 
of the Under Secretary, the Office shall--
            ``(1) in cooperation with the other components, of the 
        Department of Defense be the primary office within the 
        Department for the provision of assistance to States, counties, 
        municipalities, regions, and communities intended to--
                    ``(A) foster greater cooperation with military 
                installations in order to enhance the military mission, 
                achieve facility and infrastructure savings and reduced 
                operating costs, address encroachment and compatible 
                land use issues, support military families, and 
                increase military, civilian, and industrial readiness 
                and resiliency; and
                    ``(B) address impacts caused by changes in defense 
                programs, including basing decisions, defense industry 
                expansions or contractions, increases or reductions in 
                Federal civilian or contractor personnel, and 
                expansions, realignments, and closures of military 
                installations;
            ``(2) provide support to the Economic Adjustment Committee 
        within the Executive Office of the President, or any successor 
        interagency coordination body; and
            ``(3) perform such other functions as the Secretary of 
        Defense may prescribe.
    ``(d) Annual Report to Congress.--Not later than June 1 each year, 
the Director of the Office of Local Defense Community Cooperation shall 
submit to the congressional defense committees a report on the 
activities of the Office during the preceding year, including the 
assistance provided pursuant to subsection (c)(1) during such year.''.
            (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at the 
        beginning of chapter 4 of such title is amended by adding at 
        the end the following new item:

``146. Office of Local Defense Community Cooperation.''.

SEC. 903. MODERNIZATION OF PROCESS USED BY THE DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE TO 
              IDENTIFY, TASK, AND MANAGE CONGRESSIONAL REPORTING 
              REQUIREMENTS.

    (a) Analysis Required.--The Assistant Secretary of Defense for 
Legislative Affairs shall conduct an analysis of the process used by 
the Department of Defense to identify reports to Congress required by 
annual national defense authorization Acts, assign responsibility for 
preparation of such reports, and manage the completion and delivery of 
such reports to Congress for the purpose of identifying mechanisms to 
optimize and otherwise modernize the process.
    (b) Consultation.--The Assistant Secretary shall conduct the 
analysis required by subsection (a) with the assistance of and in 
consultation with the Chief Data Officer of the Department of Defense 
and the Director of the Defense Digital Service.
    (c) Elements.--The analysis required by subsection (a) shall 
include the following:
            (1) A business process reengineering of the process 
        described in subsection (a).
            (2) An assessment of applicable commercially available 
        analytics tools, technologies, and services in connection with 
        such business process reengineering.
            (3) Such other actions as the Assistant Secretary considers 
        appropriate for purposes of the analysis.
    (d) Briefing.--Not later than November 15, 2020, the Assistant 
Secretary shall brief the congressional defense committees on the 
results of the analysis required by subsection (a). The briefing shall 
address the following:
            (1) The results of the analysis and of the business process 
        reengineering described in subsection (c)(1).
            (2) A description of the actions being taken, and to be 
        taken, to optimize and otherwise improve the process described 
        in subsection (a).
            (3) Such recommendations for administrative and legislative 
        action as the Assistant Secretary considers appropriate to 
        facilitate the optimization and improvement of the process 
        described in subsection (a) as a result of the analysis and the 
        business process reengineering.
            (4) Such other matters as the Assistant Secretary considers 
        appropriate in connection with the analysis, the business 
        process reengineering and the optimization and improvement of 
        the process described in subsection (a).

SEC. 904. INCLUSION OF VICE CHIEF OF THE NATIONAL GUARD BUREAU AS AN 
              ADVISOR TO THE JOINT REQUIREMENTS OVERSIGHT COUNCIL.

    Section 181(d)(3) of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in the heading, by inserting ``and vice chief of the 
        national guard bureau'' after ``of staff'';
            (2) by striking ``of the Chiefs of Staff'' and inserting 
        ``of--
                    ``(A) the Chiefs of Staff'';
            (3) by striking the period at the end and inserting ``; 
        and''; and
            (4) by adding at the end the following new subparagraph:
                    ``(B) the Vice Chief of the National Guard Bureau 
                when matters involving non-Federalized National Guard 
                capabilities in support of homeland defense or civil 
                support missions are under consideration by the 
                Council.''.

SEC. 905. ASSIGNMENT OF RESPONSIBILITY FOR THE ARCTIC REGION WITHIN THE 
              OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY OF DEFENSE.

    The Assistant Secretary of Defense for International Security 
Affairs shall assign responsibility for the Arctic region to the Deputy 
Assistant Secretary of Defense for the Western Hemisphere or any other 
Deputy Assistant Secretary of Defense the Secretary of Defense 
considers appropriate.

          Subtitle B--Department of Defense Management Reform

SEC. 911. TERMINATION OF POSITION OF CHIEF MANAGEMENT OFFICER OF THE 
              DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE.

    (a) Termination.--
            (1) In general.--The position of Chief Management Officer 
        of the Department of Defense is terminated, effective on the 
        date specified by the Secretary of Defense, which date may not 
        be later than September 30, 2022.
            (2) Notice.--The Secretary shall submit to the Committees 
        on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of 
        Representatives a notice on the effective date specified 
        pursuant to paragraph (1).
    (b) Conforming Repeal of Establishing Authority.--
            (1) In general.--Section 132a of title 10, United States 
        Code, is repealed.
            (2) Table of sections.--The table of sections at the 
        beginning of chapter 4 of such title is amended by striking the 
        item relating to section 132a.
            (3) Effective date.--The amendments made by this subsection 
        shall take effect on the effective date specified pursuant to 
        subsection (a)(1).

SEC. 912. REPORT ON ASSIGNMENT OF RESPONSIBILITIES, DUTIES, AND 
              AUTHORITIES OF CHIEF MANAGEMENT OFFICER TO OTHER OFFICERS 
              OR EMPLOYEES OF THE DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE.

    (a) Report.--Not later than 45 days before the effective date 
specified pursuant to section 911(a)(1), the Secretary of Defense shall 
submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House 
of Representatives a report setting forth the following:
            (1) The position and title of each officer or employee of 
        the Department of Defense, and the component of such officer or 
        employee, in whom the Secretary will vest responsibility and 
        authority to perform responsibilities and duties, and exercise 
        authorities, assigned to the Chief Management Officer of the 
        Department of Defense, whether by statute or by directive, 
        instruction, policy, or practice of the Department of Defense, 
        on the termination of the position of Chief Management Officer 
        under section 911.
            (2) A description of the responsibilities, duties, and 
        authorities, if any, assigned to the Chief Management Officer 
        by statute that the Secretary recommends for discontinuation or 
        modification, and a justification for such recommendation.
            (3) A description of the responsibilities, duties, and 
        authorities, if any, assigned to the Chief Management Officer 
        by directive, instruction, policy, or practice of the 
        Department that the Secretary recommends for discontinuation or 
        modification, and a justification for such recommendation.
            (4) A description of the general process and timeline for 
        the effective transfer of each responsibility, duty, and 
        authority assigned to the Chief Management Officer by statute 
        or by policy, instruction, or practice of the Department to the 
        officer or employee in whom such responsibility, duty, and 
        authority will be vested as described in paragraph (1).
            (5) A description of the manner and timeline in which the 
        resources of the Chief Management Officer, including funding 
        and human capital, will be realigned or repurposed to other 
        organizations in the Office of the Secretary of Defense or to 
        other components of the Department.
            (6) A description of the general process and timeline for 
        the assignment of responsibility of each issue under the 
        jurisdiction of the Chief Management Officer current identified 
        by the Comptroller General of the United States as ``high 
        risk'' to an officer or employee in the Department who is 
        specifically charged by the Secretary to initiate and sustain 
        progress toward resolution of such issue.
            (7) Such recommendations (including recommendations for 
        legislative action) as the Secretary considers appropriate for 
        additional authorities and resources (including funding and 
        human capital resources) necessary to ensure that each officer 
        or employee, in whom the Secretary vests responsibility and 
        authority as described in paragraph (1) is capable of 
        exercising such responsibility and authority effectively.
            (8) Such other matters in connection with the termination 
        of the position of Chief Management Officer, and the transition 
        of the responsibilities, duties, and authorities of the Chief 
        Management Officer in connection with such termination, as the 
        Secretary considers appropriate.
    (b) Vesting of Certain Responsibilities, Duties, and Authorities in 
Particular Officers.--In setting forth matters under paragraph (1) of 
subsection (a), the report required by that subsection shall address, 
in particular, the following:
            (1) Vesting of responsibilities, duties, and authorities of 
        the Chief Management Officer in the Deputy Secretary of Defense 
        in the Deputy Secretary's capacity as the Chief Operating 
        Officer of the Department of Defense for purposes of functions 
        specified in section 1123 of title 31, United States Code.
            (2) Vesting of responsibilities, duties, and authorities of 
        the Chief Management Officer in the Performance Improvement 
        Officer of the Department of Defense under section 142a of 
        title 10, United States Code (as added by section 913 of this 
        Act), for purposes of functions specified in section 1124 of 
        title 31, United States Code.
    (c) Other Responsibilities, Duties and Authorities.--In addition to 
any other responsibilities, duties, and authorities of the Chief 
Management Officer, the report required by subsection (a) shall 
specifically address responsibilities, duties, and authorities of the 
Chief Management Officer with respect to the following:
            (1) Establishment of policies for, and the direction and 
        management of, enterprise business operations and shared 
        business services of the Department, as set forth in section 
        132a(b) of title 10, United States Code, and section 921(b) of 
        the John S. McCain National Defense Authorization Act for 
        Fiscal Year 2019 (10 U.S.C. 2222 note).
            (2) Exercise of authority, direction, and control over the 
        Defense Agencies and Department of Defense Field Activities for 
        shared business services and budget review, assessment, 
        certification, and reporting, as set forth in subsections (b) 
        and (c) of section 132a of title 10, United States Code, and 
        section 192 of that title.
            (3) Minimization of duplication of efforts, maximization of 
        efficiency and effectiveness, and establishment of metrics for 
        performance among and for all components of the Department, as 
        set forth in section 132a(b) of title 10, United States Code.
            (4) Issuance and maintenance of guidance on covered defense 
        business systems, development and maintenance of the defense 
        business enterprise architecture, exercise of authorities and 
        responsibilities with respect to common enterprise data, 
        leadership of and matters within the Defense Business Council, 
        and service as the appropriate approval official in the case of 
        certain covered defense business systems and programs, as set 
        forth in section 2222 of title 10, United States Code.
            (5) The Financial Improvement and Audit Remediation Plan, 
        as set forth in section 240b of title 10, United States Code.
            (6) Receipt of audit reports, as set forth in section 240d 
        of title 10, United States Code.
            (7) Discharge by the Department of the annual reviews 
        required by section 11319 of title 40, United States Code.
            (8) Business transformation efforts of the defense 
        commissary system and the exchange stores system, as set forth 
        in section 631 of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
        Fiscal Year 2020 (Public Law 116-92).
            (9) Analysis of Department business management and 
        operations datasets, as set forth in section 922 of the John S. 
        McCain National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2019 
        (10 U.S.C. 2222 note).
            (10) Reviews, reports, and other actions required by 
        sections 924, 925, 926, 927, and 1624 of the John S. McCain 
        National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2019, to the 
        extent such reviews, reports, and actions have not been 
        completed as of the date of the report under subsection (a).
            (11) Science and technology activities in support of 
        business systems information technology acquisition as set 
        forth in section 217 of the National Defense Authorization Act 
        for Fiscal Year 2016 (10 U.S.C. 2445a note).
            (12) Relationships with the Chief Management Officers of 
        the military departments, and the development and update of a 
        strategic management plan for the Department, as set forth in 
        section 904 of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
        Fiscal Year 2008 (Public Law 110-181) and the amendments made 
        by that section.

SEC. 913. PERFORMANCE IMPROVEMENT OFFICER OF THE DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE.

    (a) Performance Improvement Officer.--
            (1) In general.--Chapter 4 of title 10, United States Code, 
        is amended by inserting after section 142 the following new 
        section:
``Sec. 142a. Performance Improvement Officer of the Department of 
              Defense
    ``(a) There is an Performance Improvement Officer of the Department 
of Defense, who is designated as provided in section 1124(a)(1) of 
title 31.
    ``(b) The Performance Improvement Officer shall--
            ``(1) perform the duties and responsibilities, and exercise 
        the powers set forth in section 1124 of title 31; and
            ``(2) perform such additional duties and responsibilities, 
        and exercise such other powers, as the Secretary of Defense and 
        the Deputy Secretary of Defense may prescribe.
    ``(c) Subject to the authority, direction, and control of the 
Secretary of Defense, the Performance Improvement Officer reports, 
without intervening authority, directly to the Deputy Secretary of 
Defense, in the Deputy Secretary's role as the Chief Operating Officer 
of the Department of Defense under section 1123 of title 31.
    ``(d) The Performance Improvement Officer may communicate views on 
matters within the responsibility of the Officer directly to the Deputy 
Secretary of Defense, without obtaining the approval or concurrence of 
any other officer in the Department of Defense.''.
            (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of section at the 
        beginning of chapter 4 of such title is amended by inserting 
        after the item relating to section 142 the following new item:

``142a. Performance Improvement Officer of the Department of 
                            Defense.''.
    (b) Effective Date.--
            (1) In general.--The amendments made by subsection (a) 
        shall take effect on such date as the Secretary of Defense 
        shall specify for purposes of this section, which date may not 
        be later than one day before the effective date specified by 
        the Secretary pursuant to section 911(a)(1).
            (2) Notice.--The Secretary shall submit to the Committees 
        on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of 
        Representatives a notice on the effective date specified 
        pursuant to paragraph (1).

SEC. 914. ASSIGNMENT OF CERTAIN RESPONSIBILITIES AND DUTIES TO 
              PARTICULAR OFFICERS OF THE DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE.

    (a) Certain Responsibilities and Duties of Deputy Secretary of 
Defense.--
            (1) Chief operating officer of the department of defense.--
        Section 132 of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
                    (A) by redesignating subsections (c), (d), and (e) 
                as subsections (d), (e), and (f), respectively; and
                    (B) by inserting after subsection (b) the following 
                new subsection (c):
    ``(c)(1) In accordance with section 1123 of title 31, the Deputy 
Secretary performs the duties, has the responsibilities, and exercises 
the powers of the Chief Operating Officer of the Department of Defense.
    ``(2) Subject to the authority, direction, and control of the 
Secretary of Defense, the Deputy Secretary shall supervise the 
Performance Improvement Officer of the Department of Defense in the 
Officer's performance of duties and responsibilities specified in 
section 142a of this title.''.
            (2) Designation of priority defense business systems.--
        Section 2222(h)(5)(B) of such title is amended by striking 
        ``the Chief Management Officer of the Department of Defense'' 
        and inserting ``the Deputy Secretary of Defense, or such other 
        officer of the Department of Defense as the Secretary or the 
        Deputy Secretary may designate,''.
    (b) Periodic Reviews of Defense Agencies and Department of Defense 
Field Activities in Connection With Business Enterprise Reform.--
Section 192(c) of such title is amended--
            (1) by redesignating paragraph (3), as redesignated by 
        section 923(a)(1) of the John S. McCain National Defense 
        Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2019 (Public Law 115-232; 132 
        Stat. 1930), as paragraph (4);
            (2) by redesignating paragraphs (1) and (2), as added by 
        section 923(a)(2) of the John S. McCain National Defense 
        Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2019, as paragraphs (2) and 
        (3), respectively;
            (3) in paragraph (2), as redesignated by paragraph (2) of 
        this subsection--
                    (A) in subparagraph (A), by striking ``the Chief 
                Management Officer of the Department of Defense'' and 
                inserting ``the Secretary, the Deputy Secretary of 
                Defense, or an officer of the Department of Defense 
                designated by the Secretary or the Deputy Secretary'';
                    (B) in subparagraph (B), by striking ``the Chief 
                Management Officer'' and inserting ``the officer 
                conducting such review''; and
                    (C) in subparagraph (C), by striking ``the Chief 
                Management Officer'' and inserting ``the Secretary''; 
                and
            (4) in paragraph (3), as so redesignated, by striking ``the 
        Chief Management Officer'' each place it appears in 
        subparagraphs (A) and (B) and inserting ``the officer 
        conducting such review''.
    (c) Responsibility of Under Secretary of Defense (Comptroller) for 
Financial Improvement and Audit Remediation Plan.--Subsection (a) of 
section 240b of such title is amended to read as follows:
    ``(a) In General.--The Under Secretary of Defense (Comptroller) 
shall, together with such other officers and employees of the 
Department of Defense as the Secretary of Defense or the Deputy 
Secretary of Defense may designate, shall maintain a plan to be known 
as the `Financial Improvement and Audit Remediation Plan'.''.
    (d) Performance Improvement Officer Functions for Defense Business 
Systems.--Section 2222 of such title is amended--
            (1) in subsection (e)(6)(C), by inserting ``and the 
        Performance Improvement Officer of the Department of Defense'' 
        after ``The Director of Cost Assessment and Program 
        Evaluation''; and
            (2) in subsection (f)(2)(B)--
                    (A) by redesignating clauses (i) through (iii) as 
                clauses (ii) through (iv), respectively; and
                    (B) by inserting before clause (ii), as 
                redesignated by paragraph (1), the following new clause 
                (i):
                            ``(i) The Performance Improvement Officer 
                        of the Department of Defense.''.
    (e) Effective Date.--The amendments made by this section shall take 
effect on the effective date specified in section 911(a)(1).

SEC. 915. ASSIGNMENT OF RESPONSIBILITIES AND DUTIES OF CHIEF MANAGEMENT 
              OFFICER TO OFFICERS OR EMPLOYEES OF THE DEPARTMENT OF 
              DEFENSE TO BE DESIGNATED.

    (a) Title 10, United States Code.--Title 10, United States Code, is 
amended as follows:
            (1) In section 240d(d)(1)(A), by striking ``the Chief 
        Management Officer of the Department of Defense'' and inserting 
        ``any other officer or employee of the Department of Defense 
        that the Secretary of Defense or the Deputy Secretary of 
        Defense may designate for purposes of this section''.
            (2) Section 2222 is amended--
                    (A) in subsection (c)(2)--
                            (i) by striking ``the Chief Management 
                        Officer of the Department of Defense,''; and
                            (ii) by striking ``and the Chief Management 
                        Officer of each of the military departments'' 
                        and inserting ``the Chief Management Officer of 
                        each of the military departments, and other 
                        appropriate officers or employees of the 
                        Department and its components'';
                    (B) in subsection (e)--
                            (i) in paragraph (1), by striking ``the 
                        Chief Management Officer of the Department of 
                        Defense'' and inserting ``such officers or 
                        employees of the Department of Defense as the 
                        Secretary shall designate'';
                            (ii) in paragraph (6)--
                                    (I) in subparagraph (A)--
                                            (aa) by striking ``The 
                                        Chief Management Officer of the 
                                        Department of Defense'' and 
                                        inserting ``Such officers of 
                                        the Department of Defense as 
                                        the Secretary shall 
                                        designate''; and
                                            (bb) by striking ``the 
                                        Chief Management Officer'' and 
                                        inserting ``such officers''; 
                                        and
                                    (II) in subparagraph (B), by 
                                striking ``The Chief Management Officer 
                                and the Under Secretary of Defense 
                                (Comptroller)'' and inserting ``The 
                                Under Secretary of Defense 
                                (Comptroller) and such other officers 
                                of the Department as the Secretary 
                                shall designate'';
                    (C) in subsection (f)(1), by striking ``the Chief 
                Management Office and the Chief Information Office of 
                the Department of Defense'' and inserting ``the Chief 
                Information Officer of the Department of Defense and 
                such other officers or employees of the Department of 
                Defense as the Secretary may designate''; and
                    (D) in subsection (g)(2), by striking ``the Chief 
                Management Officer of the Department of Defense'' each 
                place it appears in subparagraphs (A) and (B)(ii) and 
                inserting ``an officer or employee of the Department of 
                Defense designated by the Secretary''.
    (b) Title 40, United States Code.--Section 11319(d)(4) of title 40, 
United States Code, is amended by striking ``the Chief Management 
Officer of the Department of Defense (of any successor to such 
Officer)'' and inserting ``the officer of the Department of Defense 
designated by the Secretary of Defense or the Deputy Secretary of 
Defense for such purpose''.
    (c) Public Law 116-92.--Section 631(a) of the National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2020 (Public Law 116-92) is amended 
by striking ``the Chief Management Officer of the Department of 
Defense'' and inserting ``such officer of the Department of Defense as 
the Secretary of Defense or the Deputy Secretary of Defense may 
designate''.
    (d) Public Law 115-232.--The John S. McCain National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2019 (Public Law 115-232) is amended 
as follows:
            (1) In section 921(b)(1) (10 U.S.C. 2222 note)--
                    (A) in subparagraph (A), by striking ``the Chief 
                Management Officer of the Department of Defense'' and 
                inserting ``such officer or employee of the Department 
                of Defense as the Secretary of Defense or the Deputy 
                Secretary of Defense shall designate'';
                    (B) in subparagraph (B)--
                            (i) in the subparagraph heading, by 
                        striking ``CMO'';
                            (ii) by striking ``the Chief Management 
                        Officer'' the first place it appears and 
                        inserting ``the Secretary shall, acting through 
                        such officer or employee of the Department as 
                        the Secretary or the Deputy Secretary shall 
                        designate''; and
                            (iii) by striking ``by the Chief Management 
                        Officer''.
            (2) In section 922 (10 U.S.C. 2222 note)--
                    (A) in subsection (a), by striking ``The Chief 
                Management Officer of the Department of Defense'' and 
                inserting ``An officer or employee of the Department of 
                Defense designated by the Secretary of Defense or the 
                Deputy Secretary of Defense''; and
                    (B) in subsection (b)--
                            (i) in paragraph (1)--
                                    (I) in the matter preceding 
                                subparagraph (A), by striking ``The 
                                Chief Management Officer'' and 
                                inserting ``The officer or employee 
                                designated pursuant to subsection 
                                (a)''; and
                                    (II) in subparagraph (B), by 
                                striking ``The Chief Management 
                                Officer'' and inserting ``such officer 
                                or employee''; and
                            (ii) in paragraph (2), by striking ``the 
                        Chief Management Officer shall take appropriate 
                        actions'' and inserting ``all appropriate 
                        actions shall be taken''.
            (3) In section 924 (10 U.S.C. 191 note)--
                    (A) in subsection (a), by striking ``the Chief 
                Management Officer of the Department of Defense'' in 
                the matter preceding paragraph (1) and inserting ``such 
                officer of the Department of Defense as the Secretary 
                or Defense or the Deputy Secretary of Defense shall 
                designate'';
                    (B) in subsection (b)--
                            (i) in the matter preceding paragraph (1), 
                        by striking ``the Chief Management Officer'' 
                        and inserting ``the officer designated pursuant 
                        to subsection (a)''; and
                            (ii) in subparagraph (B), by striking ``the 
                        Chief Management Officer'' and inserting ``such 
                        officer''; and
                    (C) in subsection (c)--
                            (i) by striking ``the Chief Management 
                        Officer'' the first place it appears and 
                        inserting ``the officer designated pursuant to 
                        subsection (a)''; and
                            (ii) by striking ``the Chief Management 
                        Officer'' the second place it appears and 
                        inserting ``such officer''.
            (4) In section 925(a) (132 Stat. 1932), by striking ``the 
        Chief Management Officer of the Department of Defense'' in the 
        matter preceding paragraph (1) and inserting ``such officer of 
        the Department of Defense as the Secretary or Defense or the 
        Deputy Secretary of Defense shall designate''.
            (5) In section 926(a) (132 Stat. 1932), by striking ``the 
        Chief Management Officer of the Department of Defense'' in the 
        matter preceding paragraph (1) and inserting ``such officer of 
        the Department of Defense as the Secretary or Defense or the 
        Deputy Secretary of Defense shall designate''.
            (6) In section 927 (132 Stat. 1933)--
                    (A) in subsection (a), by striking ``the Chief 
                Management Officer of the Department of Defense'' and 
                inserting ``such officer of the Department of Defense 
                as the Secretary or Defense or the Deputy Secretary of 
                Defense shall designate''; and
                    (B) in subsections (c) and (d), by striking ``the 
                Chief Management Officer'' each place it appears and 
                inserting ``the officer designated pursuant to 
                subsection (a)''.
            (7) In section 1624(a) (10 U.S.C. 2222 note)--
                    (A) in paragraph (1), by striking ``the Chief 
                Management Officer of the Department of Defense'' and 
                inserting ``such officer of the Department of Defense 
                as the Secretary or Defense or the Deputy Secretary of 
                Defense shall designate'';
                    (B) by striking ``the Chief Management Officer'' 
                each place it appears in paragraphs (2), (3), and (4) 
                and inserting ``the officer designated pursuant to 
                paragraph (1)''; and
                    (C) by inserting ``and Security'' after ``for 
                Intelligence'' each place it appears.
    (e) Public Law 114-92.--The National Defense Authorization Act for 
Fiscal Year 2016 (Public Law 114-92) is amended as follows:
            (1) In section 217--
                    (A) in subsection (a), by striking ``the Deputy 
                Chief Management Officer, and the Chief Information 
                Officer'' and inserting ``the Chief Information 
                Officer, and any other officer of the Department of 
                Defense designated by the Secretary of Defense or the 
                Deputy Secretary of Defense for such purpose''; and
                    (B) in subsections (b), (f)(1)(A)(ii), and 
                (f)(2)(B), by striking ``the Deputy Chief Management 
                Officer'' each place it appears and inserting ``any 
                officer designated pursuant to subsection (a)''.
            (2) In section 881(a) (10 U.S.C. 2302 note), by striking 
        ``the Deputy Chief Management Officer,''.
    (f) Public Law 110-81.--Section 904 of the National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2008 (Public Law 110-81; 122 Stat. 
273)) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (b)(4), by striking ``the Chief 
        Management Officer and Deputy Chief Management Officer of the 
        Department of Defense'' and inserting ``such officer of the 
        Department of Defense as the Secretary of Defense or the Deputy 
        Secretary of Defense shall designate''; and
            (2) in subsection (d)--
                    (A) in paragraph (1), by striking ``the Chief 
                Management Officer of the Department of Defense'' and 
                inserting ``such officer of the Department of Defense 
                as the Secretary of Defense or the Deputy Secretary of 
                Defense may designate for purposes of this 
                subsection''; and
                    (B) in paragraph (3), by striking ``the Chief 
                Management Officer'' and inserting ``the officer 
                designated pursuant to paragraph (1)''.
    (g) Effective Date.--The amendments made by this section shall take 
effect on the effective date specified in section 911(a)(1).

SEC. 916. DEFINITION OF ENTERPRISE BUSINESS OPERATIONS FOR TITLE 10, 
              UNITED STATES CODE.

    Effective on the effective date specified in section 911(a)(1) of 
this Act, section 101(e) of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
adding at the end the following new paragraph:
            ``(9) Enterprise business operations.--The term `enterprise 
        business operations'--
                    ``(A) means activities that constitute cross-
                cutting business operations used by multiple components 
                of the Department of Defense, but excludes activities 
                that are directly tied to a single military department 
                or Department of Defense component; and
                    ``(B) includes business-support functions 
                designated by the Secretary of Defense or the Deputy 
                Secretary of Defense, including aspects of financial 
                management, healthcare, acquisition and procurement, 
                supply chain and logistics, certain information 
                technology, real property, and human resources 
                operations.''.

SEC. 917. ANNUAL REPORT ON ENTERPRISE BUSINESS OPERATIONS OF THE 
              DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE.

    (a) Annual Report Required.--Not later than March 31 each year, the 
Secretary of Defense shall submit to Congress a report that includes 
the following:
            (1) Each proposed budget for the enterprise business 
        operations of a Defense Agency or Department of Defense Field 
        Activity for the fiscal year beginning in the year in which 
        such report is submitted.
            (2) An identification of each proposed budget described in 
        paragraph (1) that does not achieve required levels of 
        efficiency and effectiveness for enterprise business 
        operations.
            (3) A discussion of the actions that the Secretary proposes 
        to take, including recommendations for legislative action that 
        the Secretary considers appropriate, to address inadequate 
        levels of efficiency and effectiveness for enterprise business 
        operations achieved by the proposed budgets described in 
        paragraph (1).
            (4) Any additional comments that the Secretary considers 
        appropriate regarding inadequate levels of efficiency and 
        effectiveness for enterprise business operations achieved by 
        the proposed budgets described in paragraph (1).
    (b) Submittal.--The Secretary may submit a report required by 
subsection (a) through the Deputy Secretary of Defense.
    (c) Enterprise Business Operations Defined.--In this section, the 
term ``enterprise business operations'' has the meaning given that term 
in paragraph (9) of section 101(e) of title 10, United States Code (as 
added by section 916 of this Act).

SEC. 918. CONFORMING AMENDMENTS.

    (a) Title 10, United States Code.--Title 10, United States Code, is 
amended as follows:
            (1) In section 131(b)--
                    (A) by striking paragraph (2);
                    (B) by redesignating paragraphs (3) through (9) as 
                paragraphs (2) through (8), respectively; and
                    (C) in paragraph (7), as redesignated by 
                subparagraph (B)--
                            (i) by redesignating subparagraphs (A) 
                        through (F) as subparagraphs (B) through (G), 
                        respectively; and
                            (ii) by inserting before subparagraph (B), 
                        as redesignated by clause (i), the following 
                        new subparagraph (A):
            ``(A) The Performance Improvement Officer of the Department 
        of Defense.''.
            (2) In section 133a(c)--
                    (A) in paragraph (1), by striking ``, the Deputy 
                Secretary of Defense, and the Chief Management Officer 
                of the Department of Defense'' and inserting ``and the 
                Deputy Secretary of Defense''; and
                    (B) in paragraph (2), by striking ``the Chief 
                Management Officer,''.
            (3) In section 133b(c)--
                    (A) in paragraph (1), by striking ``the Chief 
                Management Officer of the Department of Defense,''; and
                    (B) in paragraph (2), by striking ``the Chief 
                Management Officer,''.
            (4) In section 137a(d), by striking ``the Chief Management 
        Officer of the Department of Defense,''.
            (5) In section 138(d), by striking ``the Chief Management 
        Officer of the Department of Defense,''.
            (6) In section 240b(b)(1)(C)(ii), by striking ``, the Chief 
        Management Officer,''.
    (b) Executive Schedule Level II.--Section 5313 of title 5, United 
States Code, is amended by striking the item relating to the Chief 
Management Officer of the Department of Defense.
    (c) Effective Date.--The amendments made by this section shall take 
effect on the effective date specified in section 911(a)(1).

                    Subtitle C--Space Force Matters

        PART I--AMENDMENTS TO INTEGRATE THE SPACE FORCE INTO LAW

SEC. 931. CLARIFICATION OF SPACE FORCE AND CHIEF OF SPACE OPERATIONS 
              AUTHORITIES.

    (a) Composition of Space Force.--Section 9081 of title 10, United 
States Code, is amended by striking subsection (b) and inserting the 
following new subsection (b):
    ``(b) Composition.--The Space Force consists of--
            ``(1) the Regular Space Force;
            ``(2) all persons appointed or enlisted in, or conscripted 
        into, the Space Force, including those not assigned to units, 
        necessary to form the basis for a complete and immediate 
        mobilization for the national defense in the event of a 
        national emergency; and
            ``(3) all Space Force units and other Space Force 
        organizations, including installations and supporting and 
        auxiliary combat, training, administrative, and logistic 
        elements.''.
    (b) Functions.--Section 9081 of title 10, United States Code, is 
further amended--
            (1) by striking subsection (c) and inserting the following 
        new subsection (c):
    ``(c) Functions.--The Space Force shall be organized, trained, and 
equipped to--
            ``(1) provide freedom of operation for the United States 
        in, from, and to space;
            ``(2) conduct space operations; and
            ``(3) protect the interests of the United States in 
        space.''; and
            (2) by striking subsection (d).
    (c) Clarification of Chief of Space Operations Authorities.--
Section 9082 of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a)--
                    (A) in paragraph (1), by striking ``general 
                officers of the Air Force'' and inserting ``general, 
                flag, or equivalent officers of the Space Force''; and
                    (B) by adding at the end the following new 
                paragraphs:
    ``(3) The President may appoint an officer as Chief of Space 
Operations only if--
            ``(A) the officer has had significant experience in joint 
        duty assignments; and
            ``(B) such experience includes at least one full tour of 
        duty in a joint duty assignment (as defined in section 664(d) 
        of this title) as a general, flag, or equivalent officer of the 
        Space Force.
    ``(4) The President may waive paragraph (3) in the case of an 
officer if the President determines such action is necessary in the 
national interest.'';
            (2) in subsection (b), by striking ``grade of general'' and 
        inserting ``grade in the Space Force equivalent to the grade of 
        general in the Army, Air Force, and Marine Corps, or admiral in 
        the Navy''; and
            (3) in subsection (d)--
                    (A) in paragraph (4), by striking ``and'' at the 
                end;
                    (B) by redesignating paragraph (5) as paragraph 
                (6); and
                    (C) by inserting after paragraph (4) the following 
                new paragraph (5):
            ``(5) perform duties prescribed for the Chief of Space 
        Operations by sections 171 and 2547 of this title and other 
        provision of law; and''.
    (d) Repeal of Officer Career Field for Space.--Section 9083 of 
title 10, United States Code, is repealed.
    (e) Regular Space Force.--Chapter 908 of title 10, United States 
Code, as amended by subsection (d), is further amended by adding at the 
end the following new section 9083:
``Sec. 9083. Regular Space Force: composition
    ``(a) In General.--The Regular Space Force is the component of the 
Space Force that consists of persons whose continuous service on active 
duty in both peace and war is contemplated by law, and of retired 
members of the Regular Space Force.
    ``(b) Composition.--The Regular Space Force includes--
            ``(1) the officers and enlisted members of the Regular 
        Space Force; and
            ``(2) the retired officers and enlisted members of the 
        Regular Space Force.''.
    (f) Table of Sections.--The table of sections at the beginning of 
chapter 908 of title 10, United States Code, is amended by striking the 
item relating to section 9083 and inserting the following new item:

``9083. Regular Space Force: composition.''.

SEC. 931A. OFFICE OF THE CHIEF OF SPACE OPERATIONS.

    (a) In General.--Chapter 908 of title 10, United States Code, as 
amended by section 931(e) of this Act, is further amended--
            (1) by redesignating section 9083 as section 9085; and
            (2) by inserting after section 9082 the following new 
        sections:
``Sec. 9083. Office of the Chief of Space Operations: function; 
              composition
    ``(a) Function.--There is in the executive part of the Department 
of the Air Force an Office of the Chief of Space Operations to assist 
the Secretary of the Air Force in carrying out the responsibilities of 
the Secretary.
    ``(b) Composition.--The Office of the Chief of Space Operations is 
composed of the following:
            ``(1) The Chief of Space Operations.
            ``(2) Such other offices and officials as may be 
        established by law or as the Secretary of the Air Force may 
        establish or designate.
            ``(3) Other members of the Space Force and Air Force 
        assigned or detailed to the Office of the Chief of Space 
        Operations.
            ``(4) Civilian employees in the Department of the Air Force 
        assigned or detailed to the Office of the Chief of Space 
        Operations.
    ``(c) Organization.--Except as otherwise specifically prescribed by 
law, the Office of the Chief of Space Operations shall be organized in 
such manner, and the members of the Office of the Chief of Space 
Operations shall perform such duties and have such titles, as the 
Secretary of the Air Force may prescribe.
``Sec. 9084. Office of the Chief of Space Operations: general duties
    ``(a) Professional Assistance.--The Office of the Chief of Space 
Operations shall furnish professional assistance to the Secretary of 
the Air Force, the Chief of Space Operations, and other personnel of 
the Office of the Secretary of the Air Force or the Office of the Chief 
of Space Operations.
    ``(b) Authorities.--Under the authority, direction, and control of 
the Secretary of the Air Force, the Office of the Chief of Space 
Operations shall--
            ``(1) subject to subsections (c) and (d) of section 9014 of 
        this title, prepare for such employment of the Space Force, and 
        for such recruiting, organizing, supplying, equipping 
        (including research and development), training, servicing, 
        mobilizing, demobilizing, administering, and maintaining of the 
        Space Force, as will assist in the execution of any power, 
        duty, or function of the Secretary of the Air Force or the 
        Chief of Space Operations;
            ``(2) investigate and report upon the efficiency of the 
        Space Force and its preparation to support military operations 
        by commanders of the combatant commands;
            ``(3) prepare detailed instructions for the execution of 
        approved plans and supervise the execution of those plans and 
        instructions;
            ``(4) as directed by the Secretary of the Air Force or the 
        Chief of Space Operations, coordinate the action of 
        organizations of the Space Force; and
            ``(5) perform such other duties, not otherwise assigned by 
        law, as may be prescribed by the Secretary of the Air Force.''.
    (b) Table of Sections.--The table of sections at the beginning of 
chapter 908 of such title, as amended by section 931(f) of this Act, is 
further amended by striking the item related to section 9083 and 
inserting the following the following new items:

``9083. Office of the Chief of Space Operations: function; composition.
``9084. Office of the Chief of Space Operations: general duties.
``9085. Regular Space Force: composition.''.

SEC. 932. AMENDMENTS TO DEPARTMENT OF THE AIR FORCE PROVISIONS IN TITLE 
              10, UNITED STATES CODE.

    (a) Subtitle.--
            (1) Heading.--The heading of subtitle D of title 10, United 
        States Code, is amended to read as follows:

               ``Subtitle D--Air Force and Space Force''.

            (2) Table of subtitles.--The table of subtitles at the 
        beginning of such title is amended is amended by striking the 
        item relating to subtitle D and inserting the following new 
        item:

``D. Air Force and Space Force..............................    9011''.
    (b) Organization.--
            (1) Secretary of the air force.--Section 9013 of title 10, 
        United States Code, is amended--
                    (A) in subsection (f), by inserting ``and officers 
                of the Space Force'' after ``Officers of the Air 
                Force''; and
                    (B) in subsection (g)(1), by inserting ``, members 
                of the Space Force,'' after ``members of the Air 
                Force''.
            (2) Office of the secretary of the air force.--Section 9014 
        of such title is amended--
                    (A) in subsection (b), by striking paragraph (4) 
                and inserting the following new paragraph (4)
            ``(4) The Inspector General of the Department of the Air 
        Force.'';
                    (B) in subsection (c)--
                            (i) in paragraph (1), by striking ``and the 
                        Air Staff'' and inserting ``, the Air Staff, 
                        and the Office of the Chief of Space 
                        Operations'';
                            (ii) in paragraph (2), by inserting ``or 
                        the Office of the Chief of Space Operations'' 
                        after ``the Air Staff'';
                            (iii) in paragraph (3), by striking ``to 
                        the Chief of Staff and to the Air Staff'' and 
                        all that follows through the end and inserting 
                        ``to the Chief of Staff of the Air Force and 
                        the Air Staff, and to the Chief of Space 
                        Operations and the Office of the Chief of Space 
                        Operations, and shall ensure that each such 
                        office or entity provides the Chief of Staff 
                        and Chief of Space Operations such staff 
                        support as the Chief concerned considers 
                        necessary to perform the Chief's duties and 
                        responsibilities.''; and
                            (iv) in paragraph (4)--
                                    (I) by inserting ``and the Office 
                                of the Chief of Space Operations'' 
                                after ``the Air Staff''; and
                                    (II) by inserting ``and the Chief 
                                of Space Operations'' after ``Chief of 
                                Staff'';
                    (C) in subsection (d)--
                            (i) in paragraph (1), by striking ``and the 
                        Air Staff'' and inserting ``, the Air Staff, 
                        and the Office of the Chief of Space 
                        Operations'';
                            (ii) in paragraph (2), by inserting ``and 
                        the Office of the Chief of Space Operations'' 
                        after ``the Air Staff''; and
                            (iii) in paragraph (4), by striking ``to 
                        the Chief of Staff of the Air Force and to the 
                        Air Staff'' and all that follows through the 
                        end and inserting ``to the Chief of Staff of 
                        the Air Force and the Air Staff, and to the 
                        Chief of Space Operations and the Office of the 
                        Chief of Space Operations, and shall ensure 
                        that each such office or entity provides the 
                        Chief of Staff and Chief of Space Operations 
                        such staff support as the Chief concerned 
                        considers necessary to perform the Chief's 
                        duties and responsibilities.''; and
                    (D) in subsection (e)--
                            (i) by striking ``and the Air Staff'' and 
                        inserting ``, the Air Staff, and the Office of 
                        the Chief of Space Operations''; and
                            (ii) by striking ``to the other'' and 
                        inserting ``to any of the others''.
            (3) Secretary of the air force: successors to duties.--
        Section 9017(4) of such title is amended by inserting before 
        the period the following: ``of the Air Force and the Chief of 
        Space Operations, in the order prescribed by the Secretary of 
        the Air Force and approved by the Secretary of Defense''.
            (4) Inspector general.--Section 9020 of such title is 
        amended--
                    (A) in subsection (a)--
                            (i) by inserting ``Department of the'' 
                        after ``Inspector General of the''; and
                            (ii) by inserting ``or the general, flag, 
                        or equivalent officers of the Space Force'' 
                        after ``general officers of the Air Force'';
                    (B) in subsection (b)--
                            (i) in the matter preceding paragraph (1), 
                        by striking ``or the Chief of Staff'' and 
                        inserting ``, the Chief of Staff of the Air 
                        Force, or the Chief of Space Operations'';
                            (ii) in paragraph (1), by inserting 
                        ``Department of the'' before ``Air Force''; and
                            (iii) in paragraph (2), by striking ``or 
                        the Chief of Staff'' and inserting ``, the 
                        Chief of Staff, or the Chief of Space 
                        Operations'' ; and
                    (C) in subsection (e), by inserting ``or the Space 
                Force'' before ``for a tour of duty''.
            (5) The air staff: function; composition.--Section 
        9031(b)(8) of such title is amended by inserting ``or the Space 
        Force'' after ``of the Air Force''.
            (6) Surgeon general: appointment; duties.--Section 9036(b) 
        of such title is amended--
                    (A) in paragraph (1), by striking ``Secretary of 
                the Air Force and the Chief of Staff of the Air Force 
                on all health and medical matters of the Air Force'' 
                and inserting ``Secretary of the Air Force, the Chief 
                of Staff of the Air Force, and the Chief of Space 
                Operations on all health and medical matters of the Air 
                Force and the Space Force''; and
                    (B) in paragraph (2)--
                            (i) by inserting ``and the Space Force'' 
                        after ``of the Air Force'' the first place it 
                        appears; and
                            (ii) by inserting ``and members of the 
                        Space Force'' after ``of the Air Force'' the 
                        second place it appears.
            (7) Judge advocate general, deputy judge advocate general: 
        appointment; duties.--Section 9037 of such title is amended--
                    (A) in subsection (e)(2)(B), by inserting ``or the 
                Space Force'' after ``of the Air Force''; and
                    (B) in subsection (f)(1), by striking ``the 
                Secretary of the Air Force or the Chief of Staff of the 
                Air Force'' and inserting ``the Secretary of the Air 
                Force, the Chief of Staff of the Air Force, or the 
                Chief of Space Operations''.
            (8) Chief of chaplains: appointment; duties.--Section 
        9039(a) of such title is amended by striking ``in the Air 
        Force'' and inserting ``for the Air Force and the Space 
        Force''.
            (9) Provision of certain professional functions for the 
        space force.--Section 9063 of such title is amended--
                    (A) in subsections (a) through (i), by striking 
                ``in the Air Force'' each place it appears and 
                inserting ``in the Air Force and the Space Force''; and
                    (B) in subsection (i), as amended by subparagraph 
                (A), by inserting ``or the Space Force'' after 
                ``members of the Air Force''.
    (c) Personnel.--
            (1) Gender-free basis for acceptance of original 
        enlistments.--
                    (A) In general.--Section 9132 of title 10, United 
                States Code, is amended by inserting ``or the Regular 
                Space Force'' after ``Regular Air Force''.
                    (B) Heading.--The heading of such section 9132 is 
                amended to read as follows:
``Sec. 9132. Regular Air Force and Regular Space Force: gender-free 
              basis for acceptance of original enlistments''.
                    (C) Table of sections.--The table of sections at 
                the beginning of chapter 913 of such title is amended 
                by striking the item relating to section 9132 and 
                inserting the following new item:

``9132. Regular Air Force and Regular Space Force: gender-free basis 
                            for acceptance of original enlistments.''.
            (2) Reenlistment after service as an officer.--
                    (A) In general.--Section 9138 of such title is 
                amended in subsection (a)--
                            (i) by inserting ``or the Regular Space 
                        Force'' after ``Regular Air Force'' both places 
                        it appears; and