Text: S.543 — 116th Congress (2019-2020)All Information (Except Text)

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Introduced in Senate (02/25/2019)


116th CONGRESS
1st Session
S. 543


To require the Secretary of Transportation to finalize rules to protect consumers from the risks of carbon monoxide poisoning and rollaways from motor vehicles, and for other purposes.


IN THE SENATE OF THE UNITED STATES

February 25, 2019

Mr. Blumenthal (for himself and Mr. Markey) introduced the following bill; which was read twice and referred to the Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation


A BILL

To require the Secretary of Transportation to finalize rules to protect consumers from the risks of carbon monoxide poisoning and rollaways from motor vehicles, and for other purposes.

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled,

SECTION 1. Short title.

This Act may be cited as the “Protecting Americans from the Risks of Keyless Ignition Technology Act” or the “PARK IT Act”.

SEC. 2. Rulemaking to install automatic shutoff systems and rollaway prevention technology in motor vehicles.

(a) Definitions.—In this section:

(1) KEY.—The term “key” has the meaning given the term in section 571.114 of title 49, Code of Federal Regulations (or successor regulations).

(2) MANUFACTURER.—The term “manufacturer” has the meaning given the term in section 30102(a) of title 49, United States Code.

(3) MOTOR VEHICLE.—

(A) IN GENERAL.—The term “motor vehicle” has the meaning given the term in section 30102(a) of title 49, United States Code.

(B) EXCLUSIONS.—The term “motor vehicle” does not include—

(i) a motorcycle or trailer (as those terms are defined in section 571.3 of title 49, Code of Federal Regulations) (or successor regulations); or

(ii) any motor vehicle that is rated at more than 10,000 pounds gross vehicular weight.

(4) SECRETARY.—The term “Secretary” means the Secretary of Transportation.

(b) Automatic shutoff systems for motor vehicles.—

(1) FINAL RULE.—

(A) IN GENERAL.—Not later than 2 years after the date of enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall issue a final rule amending section 571.114 of title 49, Code of Federal Regulations (relating to Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standard Number 114), to require manufacturers to install technology in each motor vehicle equipped with a keyless ignition device and an internal combustion engine to automatically shut off the motor vehicle after the motor vehicle has idled for the period designated under subparagraph (B).

(B) PERIOD DESCRIBED.—

(i) IN GENERAL.—The period referred to in subparagraph (A) is the period designated by the Administrator of the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration as necessary to prevent carbon monoxide poisoning.

(ii) DIFFERENT PERIODS.—The Administrator of the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration may designate different periods under clause (i) for different types of motor vehicles, depending on the rate at which the motor vehicle emits carbon monoxide, if—

(I) the Administrator determines a different period is necessary for a type of motor vehicle for purposes of section 30111 of title 49, United States Code; and

(II) requiring a different period for a type of motor vehicle is consistent with the prevention of carbon monoxide poisoning.

(2) DEADLINE.—The rule under paragraph (1) shall become effective on September 1 of the year that is 1 year after the date on which the Secretary issued that rule.

(c) Preventing motor vehicles from rolling away.—

(1) REQUIREMENT.—Not later than 2 years after the date of enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall issue a final rule amending part 571 of title 49, Code of Federal Regulations, requiring manufacturers to install technology in motor vehicles equipped with keyless ignition devices and automatic transmissions to prevent movement of the motor vehicle if—

(A) the transmission of the motor vehicle is not in the park setting;

(B) the motor vehicle does not exceed the speed determined by the Secretary under paragraph (2);

(C) the door for the operator of the motor vehicle is open;

(D) the seat belt of the operator of the motor vehicle is unbuckled; and

(E) the service brake of the motor vehicle is not engaged.

(2) DETERMINATION.—The Secretary shall determine the maximum speed at which a motor vehicle may be safely locked in place under the conditions described in subparagraphs (A), (C), (D), and (E) of paragraph (1) to prevent vehicle rollaways.

(3) DEADLINE.—The rule under paragraph (1) shall become effective on September 1 of the year that is 1 year after the date on which the Secretary issued that rule.