Text: H.R.3299 — 117th Congress (2021-2022)All Information (Except Text)

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Introduced in House (05/18/2021)


117th CONGRESS
1st Session
H. R. 3299


To help reduce gun violence through background checks and the National Firearms Act, and for other purposes.


IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

May 18, 2021

Mrs. Demings (for herself, Mr. Thompson of California, Mr. Espaillat, Mr. Quigley, Ms. Jackson Lee, Mr. Neguse, Mr. Deutch, and Mr. DeFazio) introduced the following bill; which was referred to the Committee on the Judiciary, and in addition to the Committee on Ways and Means, for a period to be subsequently determined by the Speaker, in each case for consideration of such provisions as fall within the jurisdiction of the committee concerned


A BILL

To help reduce gun violence through background checks and the National Firearms Act, and for other purposes.

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled,

SECTION 1. Short title.

This Act may be cited as the “Protecting Our Communities Act”.

SEC. 2. Firearm assembly kits considered to be firearms.

Section 921(a) of title 18, United States Code, is amended—

(1) in paragraph (3), by striking “or (D) any destructive device” and inserting “; (D) any destructive device; or (E) any combination of parts designed or intended for use in converting any device into a firearm and from which a firearm may be readily assembled”; and

(2) in paragraph (4)—

(A) by adding “and” at the end of subparagraph (A);

(B) by striking “and” at the end of subparagraph (B) and inserting a period; and

(C) by striking subparagraph (C).

SEC. 3. Law enforcement protection.

(a) Armor-Piercing, concealable weapons.—

(1) IN GENERAL.—Section 5845(a) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 is amended by striking “and (8)” and inserting “; (8) an armor-piercing, concealable weapon; and (9)”.

(2) ARMOR-PIERCING, CONCEALABLE WEAPON.—Section 5845 of such Code is amended by adding at the end the following new subsection:

“(n) Armor-Piercing, concealable weapon.—The term ‘armor-piercing, concealable weapon’ means any weapon or device capable of being concealed on the person and from which can be discharged through the energy of an explosive any of the following rounds of ammunition:

“(1) .450 Bushmaster.

“(2) 5.56mm (including the 5.56x45mm NATO and .223 Remington).

“(3) 7.62mm (including the 7.62x39mm, .308 Winchester, 7.62 NATO, 7.62x51mm NATO, .30 carbine, 7.62x33mm, or .300 AAC Blackout).

“(4) .50 BMG.

“(5) 5.7x28mm.

“(6) Any other round determined by the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives to be capable of, when fired by such weapon or device, penetrating the standard body armor worn by law enforcement officers.”.

(3) CONFORMING AMENDMENTS.—

(A) Section 921(a) of title 18, United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following:

“(36) The term ‘armor-piercing, concealable weapon’ has the meaning given such term in section 5845(n) of the National Firearms Act (26 U.S.C. 5845(n)).”.

(B) Section 922 of title 18, United States Code, is amended—

(i) in subsection (a)(4), by striking “or short-barreled rifle,” and inserting “short-barreled rifle, or armor-piercing, concealable weapon,”; and

(ii) in subsection (b)(4) by striking “or short-barreled rifle,” and inserting “short-barreled rifle, or armor-piercing, concealable weapon,”.

(C) Section 924(c)(1)(B)(i) of title 18, United States Code, is amended by inserting “armor-piercing, concealable weapon,” after “short-barreled shotgun,”.

(4) EFFECTIVE DATE.—

(A) IN GENERAL.—The amendments made by this subsection shall take effect on the date of the enactment of this Act.

(B) APPLICATION TO POSSESSION ON DATE OF ENACTMENT.—Notwithstanding subparagraph (A), any person on the date of the enactment of this Act possessing a device described in section 5845(a)(8) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 (as amended by this section) shall, not later than the end of the 18th month beginning after the date of the enactment of this Act, register such weapon or device with the Secretary of the Treasury and include with such registration the information required under section 5841(a) of such Code. Such registration shall become a part of the National Firearms Registration and Transfer Record required to be maintained by such section.

(b) Use of National Firearms Act taxes.—Part I of subchapter B of chapter 53 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 is amended redesignating section 5849 as section 5850 and by inserting after section 5847 the following new section:

“SEC. 5849. Use of taxes.

“To carry out the purposes of this chapter and to supplement appropriations otherwise made available for such purposes, the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives may spend the amounts collected under subchapter A for fiscal years 2021 and thereafter.”.

SEC. 4. Reporting of background check denials.

(a) Reporting to State authorities.—

(1) IN GENERAL.—Chapter 44 of title 18, United States Code, is amended by inserting after section 925A the following:

§ 925B. Reporting of background check denials to State authorities

“(a) In general.—If the national instant criminal background check system established under section 103 of the Brady Handgun Violence Prevention Act (18 U.S.C. 922 note) provides a notice pursuant to section 922(t) of this title that the receipt of a firearm by a person would violate subsection (g) or (n) of section 922 of this title or State law, the Attorney General shall, in accordance with subsection (b) of this section—

“(1) report to the law enforcement authorities of the State where the person sought to acquire the firearm and, if different, the law enforcement authorities of the State of residence of the person—

“(A) that the notice was provided;

“(B) of the specific provision of law that would have been violated;

“(C) of the date and time the notice was provided;

“(D) of the location where the firearm was sought to be acquired; and

“(E) of the identity of the person; and

“(2) where practicable, report the incident to local law enforcement authorities and State and local prosecutors in the jurisdiction where the firearm was sought and in the jurisdiction where the person resides.

“(b) Requirements for report.—A report is made in accordance with this subsection if the report is made within 24 hours after the provision of the notice described in subsection (a), except that the making of the report may be delayed for so long as is necessary to avoid compromising an ongoing investigation.

“(c) Rule of construction.—Nothing in subsection (a) shall be construed to require a report with respect to a person to be made to the same State authorities that originally issued the notice with respect to the person.”.

(2) CLERICAL AMENDMENT.—The table of sections for such chapter is amended by inserting after the item relating to section 925A the following:


“925B. Reporting of background check denials to State authorities.”.

(b) Annual report to Congress.—

(1) IN GENERAL.—Chapter 44 of title 18, United States Code, as amended by subsection (a)(1) of this section, is amended by inserting after section 925B the following:

§ 925C. Annual report to Congress

“Not later than 1 year after the date of the enactment of this section, and annually thereafter, the Attorney General shall submit to the Congress a report detailing the following, broken down by Federal judicial district:

“(1) With respect to each category of persons prohibited by section 922(g) from receiving or possessing a firearm who are so denied a firearm—

“(A) the number of cases referred to the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives;

“(B) the number of cases with respect to which an investigation was opened by a field division of the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives;

“(C) the number of arrests made; and

“(D) the number of convictions obtained by Federal authorities in connection with the denial.

“(2) The number of background check notices reported to State authorities pursuant to section 925B (including the number of the notices that would have been so reported but for section 925B(c)).”.

(2) CLERICAL AMENDMENT.—The table of sections for such chapter, as amended by subsection (a)(2) of this section, is amended by inserting after the item relating to section 925B the following:


“925C. Annual report to Congress.”.

SEC. 5. Codification of regulations classifying bump stocks as machineguns.

The amendments to parts 447, 478, and 479 of title 27, Code of Federal Regulations, made by the final rule promulgated by the Department of Justice, entitled “Bump-Stock-Type Devices”, and published December 26, 2018 (83 Fed. Reg. 66514), shall have the force and effect of law.


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