Summary: H.R.15976 — 93rd Congress (1973-1974)All Information (Except Text)

There is one summary for H.R.15976. Bill summaries are authored by CRS.

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Introduced in House (07/18/1974)

Rice Act - Title I: Rice - Directs the Secretary of Agriculture, under the provisions of the Agricultural Adjustment Act of 1938, to establish for each of the 1975 through 1977 crops of rice a national acreage allotment which shall be the number of acreas which the Secretary determines on the basis of the estimated national average yeild for the crop for which the determination is being made will produce an amount of rice equal to the estimated domestic consumption and exports (less imports) of rice for the marketing year beginning in the year in which the crop is to be produced, adjusted as the Secretary determines necessary to maintain adequate supplies or to prevent execessive carryover stocks. Requires that the national acreage allotment shall not be less than two million acres.

Directs the Secretary to allocate the national acreage allotment to States, counties, farms, and in producer States and administrative areas to producers on the basis of the rice allotments established for the preceding crops, adjusted to the extent deemed necessary to establish a fair and equitable apportionment base for each State, county, farm, and producer.

Provides for reserving a portion of the rice allotment for apportionment to new rice farms and new rice producers. Sets forth criteria for reducing the rice allotment.

Authorizes the Secretary to transfer for any year because of natural disaster all or part of such rice acreage for any farm in the county or in any other nearby county on which one or more producers on the farm from which the transfer is to be made will be engaged in the production of rice and will share in the proceeds thereof, in accordance with such regulations as the Secretary may prescribe.

Directs the Secretary to permit the owner and operator of any farm for which a farm acreage allotment has been established to sell, or lease all or any part, to any other owner or operator of a farm in the same State, or to transfer all or any part of such allotment to any other farm owned or controlled by him in the same State.

Title II: Rice Research - Authorizes the Secretary of Agriculture to carry out regional and national research programs with regard to rice for the following purposes: (1) to reduce fertilizer and herbicide usage in excess of production needs; (2) to develop varieties of rice more susceptible to complete fertilizer utilization; (3) to improve the resistance of rice plants to disease and to enhance their conservation and environmental qualities; (4) to increase the usage of rice and processing byproducts; (5) to develop better husbandry practices in production and conservation of rice; (6) to develop more efficient rice storage practices; (7) to improve domestic and international marketing of rice; and (8) to benefit the general welfare.

Authorizes the appropriation of up to $1,000,000 in any fiscal year to carry out such research.

Title III: Miscellaneous - Provides, under the Agricultural Act of 1949, that for the 1975 through 1977 crops of rice, a cooperator shall be a producer on a farm on which a farm acreage allotment has been established or to which a producer acreage allotment has been allocated, who has set aside the acreage required under such Act and who complies with the conditions of eligibility prescribed by the Secretary.