S.3418 - An Act to amend title 5, United States Code, by adding a section 552a, to safeguard individual privacy from the misuse of Federal records, to provide that individuals be granted access to records concerning them which are maintained by Federal agencies, to establish a Privacy Protection Study Commission, and for other purposes.93rd Congress (1973-1974)
|Sponsor:||Sen. Ervin, Sam J., Jr. [D-NC] (Introduced 05/01/1974)|
|Committees:||Senate - Government Operations|
|Committee Reports:||S.Rept 93-1183|
|Latest Action:||12/31/1974 Public law 93-579. (All Actions)|
|Roll Call Votes:||There have been 2 roll call votes|
This bill has the status Became Law
Here are the steps for Status of Legislation:
- Passed Senate
- Passed House
- Resolving Differences
- To President
- Became Law
Summary: S.3418 — 93rd Congress (1973-1974)All Bill Information (Except Text)
Introduced in Senate (05/01/1974)
Title I: Federal Privacy Board - Establishes the Federal Privacy Board in the executive branch of the Government and specifies the composition of the Board.
Enumerates the functions of the Board, including to publish a Data Base Directory of the United States containing the name and characteristics of each personal information system.
Specifies the powers of the Board, including the power to conduct inspections of information systems at reasonable times, and to order an organization to desist from acts in violation of rules or orders promulgated under this Act.
Title II: Standards and Management Systems For Handling Information Related To Individuals - Establishes requirements for the collection, maintenance, use and dissemination by Federal agencies, or State or local governments, or any other organization maintaining an information system, of personal information collected for administrative, statistical-reporting, and research purposes.
Requires any organization maintaining or proposing to establish an information system for personal information to give notice of the existence and character of each existing system once a year to the Federal Privacy Board. Specifies the elements of public notice required under this Act to be contained in such notice.
States that organizations maintaining personal information shall inform individuals asked to supply personal information of consequences of providing or not providing such information, shall request permission of a data subject to disseminate such information, and grant such individual the right to inspect and to know all personal information about the individual, the nature and sources of the information, and the recipients of personal information about such individual.
Provides methods for the challenging, correction, and explanation of personal information by the subject of such information.
Requires each such organization maintaining a personal information system to inform all data subjects of the fact within two years of enactment of this Act by notice containing specified elements.
Exempts information determined to be vital to the national defense, contained in active criminal investigatory files compiled by Federal, State, or local law enforcement agencies, and that maintained by the news media (except information relating to the employees of such organizations) from the provisions of this Act.
States that it shall be unlawful for any organization to require an individual to disclose or furnish his social security account number for any activity, unless the disclosure is required by law.
Title III: Miscellaneous - Defines the terms used in this Act.
States that any revelation of trade secrets required under this Act shall be treated as confidential by those to whom they are made.
Authorizes necessary appropriations to carry out the provisions of this Act.