Summary: S.3957 — 93rd Congress (1973-1974)All Information (Except Text)

Bill summaries are authored by CRS.

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Passed Senate amended (10/07/1974)


National Emergencies Act - =Title I: Terminating Existing Declared Emergencies= - States that all powers and authorities possessed by the President, any other officer or employee of the Federal Government, or upon any department, or agency as a result of the existence of any national emergency in effect immediately prior to one year after the date of enactment of this Act, are terminated one year from the date of such enactment.

=Title II: Declaration of Future National Emergencies= - Provides that in the event the President finds that the proclamation of a national emergency is essential to the preservation, protection, and defense of the Constitution, and is essential to the common defense, safety, or well-being of the territory and people of the United States, the President is authorized to proclaim the existence of a national emergency.

Provides that not later than six months after a national emergency is declared, and not later than the end of each six-month period thereafter that such emergency continues, each House of Congress shall meet to consider a vote on a concurrent resolution to determine whether that emergency shall be terminated.

=Title III: Declarations of War by Congress= - Stipulates that whenever Congress declares war, any provisions of law conferring powers and authorities to be exercised during time of war shall be effective from the date of such declaration.

=Title IV: Exercise of Emergency Powers and Authorities= - Requires that when the President declares a national emergency no powers or authorities made available by statute for use in the event of an emergency shall be exercised unless and until the President specifies the provisions of law under which he proposes that he, or other officers will act.

=Title V: Accountability and Reporting Requirements of the President= - States that when the President declares a national emergency, or Congress declares war, the President shall be responsible for maintaining a file and index of all significant orders of the President, including Executive orders and proclamations.

Requires that all such significant orders of the President, including Executive orders, and such rules and regulations shall be transmitted to the Congress promptly under means to assure confidentiality where appropriate.

=Title VI: Repeal and Continuation of Certain Emergency Power and Other Statutes= - Repeals and continues specified provisions of law relating to emergency powers.