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Titles Actions Overview All Actions Cosponsors Committees Related Bills Subjects Latest Summary All Summaries

Titles (2)

Short Titles

Short Titles - Senate

Short Titles as Introduced

War Powers Act

Official Titles

Official Titles - Senate

Official Titles as Introduced

A bill to make rules governing the use of the Armed Forces of the United States in the absence of a declaration of war by the Congress.


Actions Overview (3)

Date Actions Overview
07/20/1973Passed/agreed to in Senate: Measure passed Senate, amended, roll call #312 (72-18).
06/14/1973Reported to Senate from the Committee on Foreign Relations, S. Rept. 93-220.
01/18/1973Introduced in Senate

All Actions (4)

Date Chamber All Actions
07/23/1973HouseReferred to House Committee on Foreign Affairs.
07/20/1973SenateMeasure passed Senate, amended, roll call #312 (72-18).
06/14/1973SenateReported to Senate from the Committee on Foreign Relations, S. Rept. 93-220.
01/18/1973SenateReferred to Senate Committee on Foreign Relations.

Cosponsors (61)

Congress.gov databases include cosponsorship dates (including identification of "original" cosponsors) since 1981 (97th Congress). Prior to 1981, you may be able to find some information online, but often the information is available only in print form.

Cosponsor
Sen. Stennis, John C. [D-MS]
Sen. Eagleton, Thomas F. [D-MO]
Sen. Bentsen, Lloyd M. [D-TX]
Sen. Taft, Robert, Jr. [R-OH]
Sen. Abourezk, James [D-SD]
Sen. Baker, Howard H., Jr. [R-TN]
Sen. Bayh, Birch [D-IN]
Sen. Bible, Alan [D-NV]
Sen. Biden, Joseph R., Jr. [D-DE]
Sen. Brock, Bill [R-TN]
Sen. Brooke, Edward W. [R-MA]
Sen. Burdick, Quentin N. [D-ND]
Sen. Byrd, Harry F., Jr. [I-VA]
Sen. Byrd, Robert C. [D-WV]
Sen. Case, Clifford P. [R-NJ]
Sen. Chiles, Lawton [D-FL]
Sen. Clark, Dick [D-IA]
Sen. Cook, Marlow W. [R-KY]
Sen. Cranston, Alan [D-CA]
Sen. Fong, Hiram L. [R-HI]
Sen. Hart, Philip A. [D-MI]
Sen. Haskell, Floyd K. [D-CO]
Sen. Hatfield, Mark O. [R-OR]
Sen. Hathaway, William D. [D-ME]
Sen. Huddleston, Walter (Dee) [D-KY]
Sen. Hughes, Harold E. [D-IA]
Sen. Humphrey, Hubert H. [D-MN]
Sen. Inouye, Daniel K. [D-HI]
Sen. Kennedy, Edward M. [D-MA]
Sen. Magnuson, Warren G. [D-WA]
Sen. Mansfield, Mike [D-MT]
Sen. Mathias, Charles McC., Jr. [R-MD]
Sen. McGovern, George [D-SD]
Sen. Metcalf, Lee [D-MT]
Sen. Mondale, Walter F. [D-MN]
Sen. Moss, Frank E. [D-UT]
Sen. Muskie, Edmund S. [D-ME]
Sen. Nelson, Gaylord [D-WI]
Sen. Nunn, Sam [D-GA]
Sen. Packwood, Bob [R-OR]
Sen. Pell, Claiborne [D-RI]
Sen. Percy, Charles H. [R-IL]
Sen. Proxmire, William [D-WI]
Sen. Randolph, Jennings [D-WV]
Sen. Ribicoff, Abraham A. [D-CT]
Sen. Roth Jr., William V. [R-DE]
Sen. Schweiker, Richard S. [R-PA]
Sen. Scott, Hugh [R-PA]
Sen. Stafford, Robert T. [R-VT]
Sen. Stevens, Ted [R-AK]
Sen. Stevenson, Adlai E., III [D-IL]
Sen. Symington, Stuart [D-MO]
Sen. Talmadge, Herman E. [D-GA]
Sen. Tunney, John V. [D-CA]
Sen. Weicker, Lowell P., Jr. [R-CT]
Sen. Williams, Harrison A., Jr. [D-NJ]
Sen. Young, Milton R. [R-ND]
Sen. Hollings, Ernest F. [D-SC]
Sen. Cannon, Howard W. [D-NV]
Sen. Johnston, J. Bennett [D-LA]
Sen. Montoya, Joseph M. [D-NM]

Committees (2)

Committees, subcommittees and links to reports associated with this bill are listed here, as well as the nature and date of committee activity and Congressional report number.

Committee / Subcommittee Date Activity Related Documents
Senate Foreign Relations01/18/1973 Referred to
06/14/1973 Reported by S.Rept 93-220
House Foreign Affairs07/23/1973 Referred to

A related bill may be a companion measure, an identical bill, a procedurally-related measure, or one with text similarities. Bill relationships are identified by the House, the Senate, or CRS, and refer only to same-congress measures.


Subjects (6)


Latest Summary (1)

There is one summary for S.440. View summaries

Shown Here:
Introduced in Senate (01/18/1973)

War Powers Act - Declares that it is the purpose of this Act to fulfill the intent of the framers of the Constitution of the United States and insure that the collective judgment of both the Congress and the President will apply to the introduction of the Armed Forces of the United States in hostilities, or in situations where imminent involvement in hostilities is clearly indicated by the circumstances, and to the continued use of such forces in hostilities.

States that the Act is not intended to encroach upon the recognized powers of the President, as Commander in Chief, to conduct hostilities authorized by the Congress, to respond to attacks or the imminent threat of attacks upon the United States, including its territories and possessions, to respond to attacks or the imminent threat of attacks against the Armed Forces of the United States, and under proper circumstances, to rescue endangered citizens of the United States located in foreign countries.

Provides that in the absence of a declaration of war by the Congress, the Armed Forces of the United States may be introduced in hostilities, or in situations where imminent involvement in hostilities is clearly indicated by the circumstances, only: (a) to repel an armed attack upon the United States, its territories and possessions; to take necessary and appropriate retaliatory actions in the event of such an attack; and to forestall the direct and imminent threat of such an attack; (b) to repel an armed attack against the Armed Forces of the United States located outside of the United States, its territories and possessions, and to forestall the direct and imminent threat of such an attack; (c) to protect while evacuating citizens of the United States, as rapidly as possible, from any country in which such citizens are present with the express or tacit consent of the government of such country, and who are being subject to a direct and imminent threat to their lives, either sponsored by such government or beyond the power of such government to control; or (d) pursuant to specific statutory authorization, but authority to introduce the Armed Forces of the United States into hostilities shall not be inferred from any provision of law, including any provision contained in any appropriation act, unless such provisions specifically authorized the introduction of such Armed Forces in hostilities and exempts the introduction of such armed forces from compliance with the provisions of this Act.

Stipulates that no treaty in force at the time of the enactment of this Act shall be construed as specific statutory authority for, or a specific exemption permitting, the introduction of the Armed Forces in any such situation.

Provides that the use of the Armed Forces of the United States in hosilities pursuant to this Act shall be reported promptly in writing by the President to the Speaker of the House of Representatives and the President of the Senate, together with a full account of the circumstances under which such hostilities were initiated, the estimated scope of such hositlities, and the consistency of such hostilities with the applicable provisions of this Act.

States that hostilities commenced pursuant to this Act shall not be sustained beyond thirty days from the date of their initiation except as provided in specific legislation enacted for that purpose by the Congress. Provides that hostilities commenced pursuant to this Act may be terminated prior to the thirty day period by statute or joint resolution of Congress.

Directs that any bill or resolution, authorizing continuance or termination of military hostilities shall, if sponsored or co-sponsored by one third of the Members of the House of Congress in which it originates, be considered reported to the floor of such House no later than one day following its introduction, unless the Members otherwise determine by yeas and nays; and any such bill or resolution referred to a committee after having passed one House of Congress shall be considered reported from such committee within one day after it is referred to such committee, unless the Members of the House referring it to committee shall otherwise determine by yeas and nays.

Provides that any bill or resolution reported shall immediately become the pending business of the House to which it is reported, and shall be voted upon within three days after such report, unless such House shall otherwise determine by yeas and nays.

Declares that this Act will take affect upon enactment.