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Titles Actions Overview All Actions Cosponsors Committees Related Bills Subjects Latest Summary All Summaries

Titles (3)

Short Titles

Short Titles - House of Representatives

Short Titles as Introduced

Medicare-Medicaid Anti-Fraud and Abuse Amendments

Official Titles

Official Title as Enacted

An Act to strengthen the capability of the Government to detect, prosecute, and punish fraudulent activities under the medicare and Medicaid programs, and for other purposes.

Official Titles - House of Representatives

Official Title as Introduced

A bill to strengthen the capability of the Government to detect, prosecute, and punish fraudulent activities under the medicare and Medicaid programs.


Actions Overview (11)

Date Actions Overview
10/25/1977Public Law 95-142.
10/25/1977Signed by President.
10/13/1977Measure presented to President.
10/13/1977Conference report agreed to in Senate: Senate agreed to conference report.
10/13/1977Conference report agreed to in House: House agreed to conference report, roll call #648 (402-5).
10/11/1977Conference report filed: Conference report filed in House, H. Rept. 95-673.
09/30/1977Passed/agreed to in Senate: Measure passed Senate, amended (inserted text of S. 143 as reported in Senate).
09/23/1977Passed/agreed to in House: Measure passed House, amended, roll call #581 (362-5).
07/12/1977Reported to House from the Committee on Interstate and Foreign Commerce with amendment, H. Rept. 95-393 (Part II).
06/07/1977Reported to House from the Committee on Ways and Means with amendment, H. Rept. 95-393 (Part I).
01/04/1977Introduced in House

All Actions (23)

Date Chamber All Actions
10/25/1977Public Law 95-142.
10/25/1977Signed by President.
10/13/1977HouseMeasure presented to President.
10/13/1977Measure enrolled in Senate.
10/13/1977Measure enrolled in House.
10/13/1977SenateSenate agreed to conference report.
10/13/1977HouseHouse agreed to conference report, roll call #648 (402-5).
10/11/1977HouseConference report filed in House, H. Rept. 95-673.
10/04/1977HouseConference scheduled in House.
09/30/1977SenateConference scheduled in Senate.
09/30/1977SenateMeasure passed Senate, amended (inserted text of S. 143 as reported in Senate).
09/30/1977SenateMeasure considered in Senate.
09/30/1977SenateCall of calendar in Senate.
09/29/1977SenatePlaced on calendar in Senate.
09/23/1977HouseMeasure passed House, amended, roll call #581 (362-5).
09/23/1977HouseMeasure considered in House.
09/22/1977HouseMeasure considered in House.
09/22/1977HouseMeasure called up by special rule in House.
07/12/1977HouseReported to House from the Committee on Interstate and Foreign Commerce with amendment, H. Rept. 95-393 (Part II).
06/07/1977HouseReported to House from the Committee on Ways and Means with amendment, H. Rept. 95-393 (Part I).
01/04/1977HouseReferred to House Committee on Interstate and Foreign Commerce.
01/04/1977HouseReferred to House Committee on Ways and Means.
01/04/1977HouseIntroduced in House

Cosponsors (1)

Congress.gov databases include cosponsorship dates (including identification of "original" cosponsors) since 1981 (97th Congress). Prior to 1981, you may be able to find some information online, but often the information is available only in print form.

Cosponsor
Rep. Rogers, Paul G. [D-FL-11]

Committees (2)

Committees, subcommittees and links to reports associated with this bill are listed here, as well as the nature and date of committee activity and Congressional report number.

Committee / Subcommittee Date Activity Related Documents
House Ways and Means01/04/1977 Referred to
06/07/1977 Reported by H.Rept 95-393 Part 1
House Interstate and Foreign Commerce01/04/1977 Referred to
07/12/1977 Reported by H.Rept 95-393 Part 2

A related bill may be a companion measure, an identical bill, a procedurally-related measure, or one with text similarities. Bill relationships are identified by the House, the Senate, or CRS, and refer only to same-congress measures.


Latest Summary (2)

There are 2 summaries for H.R.3. View summaries

Shown Here:
Conference report filed in House (10/11/1977)

(Conference report filed in House, H. Rept. 95-673)

Medicare-Medicaid Anti-Fraud and Abuse Amendments - Amends Titles XVIII (Medicare) and XIX (Medicaid) of the Social Security Act to require that payments made directly to a physician or other person providing a service, pursuant to an assignment agreement, cannot be made to anyone else either through reassignment or under a power of attorney. Allows payment in accordance with an assignment from the person or institution providing care or service if such assignment is made to a governmental agency or entity or is established by the order of a court of competent jurisdiction or to an agent of such person or institution if the agent does so pursuant to an agency agreement under which the compensation to be paid to the agent for his services or in connection with the billing or collection of payments due such person or institution under the plan is unrelated to the amount of such payments or the billings thereof, and is not dependent upon the actual collection of any such payment.

Requires State plans for medical assistance to provide for claims payment procedures that would (1) insure that 90 percent of all claims for payment made for services covered under the plan and furnished by health care practitioners through individual or group practices or through shared health facilities will be paid within 30 days of the date such claims are received and that 99 percent of such claims will be paid within 90 days of the date they are received; and (2) provide for procedures of prepayment and postpayment claims review. Permits the Secretary of Health, Education, and Welfare to waive the time limits for claims payment requirement if he finds that the State has exercised good faith in trying to meet such requirements.

States that the Secretary shall, by regulation or contract provision, require a provider of services or any entity (other than an independent practitioner or a group of practitioners) which is a provider or supplier that furnishes or arranges the furnishing of items or services under Medicare, Medicaid, or Maternal and Child Welfare, or the social service grant program, or an organization acting as a fiscal intermediary with respect to providers of services under Medicare and Medicaid, to supply the Secretary or the appropriate State agency with complete information as to the identity of each person with an ownership or controlling interest in such entity. Permits the Secretary to terminate an agreement with a provider of services who fails to comply with requests for information regarding (1) the ownership of certain subcontractors with whom the provider has done business in excess of $25,000; and (2) any significant business transaction between the provider and a wholly owned supplier or between such provider and any subcontractor.

Requires that intermediate care facilities receiving payments under the Grants to States for Medical Assistance Programs comply with the disclosure requirements provided in this Act. Requires an entity that furnishes items or services under a State plan for medical assistance to supply upon request by the Secretary (1) complete information about the ownership of a subcontractor with whom the entity has done business totalling more than $25,000 during the previous year, and (2) complete information on any significant business transactions occurring between the entity and any wholly owned supplier or between the entity and any subcontractor during the five year period previous to such request.

Makes it a felony with a penalty of up to $25,000 and/or five years imprisonment for any person in connection with the Medicare or Medicaid program to: (1) commit specified fraudulent acts in connection with the furnishing of items and services for which payment could be made under such Act; (2) solicit or receive any remuneration or offer or pay any remuneration (including kickbacks, bribes, or rebates) in return for referring an individual or in return for purchasing, leasing or ordering goods, facilities, or services, for which payment may be made under such Act; and (3) knowingly make, cause to be made, induce or seek to induce a false statement or representation of material fact about the conditions of a facility to assist such facility to qualify under Medicare or Medicaid. States that persons other than those furnishing items and services for which payment could be made under Medicare or Medicaid who commit fraudulent acts against such programs are guilty of a misdemeanor and may be fined $10,000 and/or imprisoned for one year. Makes it a misdemeanor with a penalty of up to $2,000 and/or six months imprisonment for a physician to willfully and knowingly charge an amount in excess of the reasonable charge with respect to services furnished under Medicare. States that when a Medicaid recipient is convicted of an offense against the Medicaid program, a State may limit, restrict or suspend the recipient's eligibility for a period not to exceed one year. Makes it a felony with a penalty of up to $25,000 and/or five years imprisonment, for any individual to require contributions as a condition of entry or as a condition of continued stay at a hospital, skilled nursing facility, or intermediate care facility for patients whose care is financed in whole or in part by Medicaid.

Makes review and certification requirements of the Social Security Act inapplicable to providers, suppliers, and practitioners being reviewed by any Professional Standards Review Organization (PSRO) designated by the Secretary to be competent to perform review responsibilities. Extends the conditional designation period of a PSRO from 24 to 48 months. Permits the Secretary to further extend such trial period for 24 additional months, if the organization has been unable to perform its duties satisfactorily.

Permits a physician to review health care services, if indirectly involved in providing such services, or if he or a member of his family has an insignificant financial interest in such services.

Directs the Secretary, within two years of enactment of this Act, to develop effective ambulatory cure review methodologies for use by PSROs.

Directs the Secretary to give priority to requests by PSROs for review responsibility with respect to services furnished in shared health facilities.

Defines "shared health facility" for the purposes of Title XI (General Provisions and Professional Standards Review) of such Act.

States that where a PSRO has been found competent by the Secretary to assume review responsibility with respect to specified types of health services, such reviews shall constitute the conclusive determination on those issues for purposes of payment under such Act.

Requires the development and submission of a formal review plan.

Requires an organization to consult with the appropriate single State Medicaid agency during the development and preparation of its formal plan or of any modification of such plan to include review of services in skilled nursing facilities, intermediate care facilities, or ambulatory care services.

Specifies that no determination of appropriateness or medical necessity made by a PSRO shall constitute conclusive determinations for purposes of payment under Medicaid, unless such organization has entered into a memorandum of understanding, approved by the Secretary, with the State Medicaid agency. Directs that such memorandum delineate the relationship between the organization and the State agency. Allows the Secretary to waive the memorandum requirement under certain circumstances.

Permits a State agency to request a PSRO which is entering into a memorandum of understanding with an agency to include in the memorandum a specification of review goals or methods for the performance of the organization's duties and functions.

Permits States to monitor the performance of PSROs located within the State, in accordance with a monitoring plan approved by the Secretary. Empowers the Secretary, upon receipt of reasonable documentation from the State monitoring agency of determinations by a PSRO, which have caused an unreasonable and detrimental impact either on total State Medicaid expenditures or on the quality of care received by Medicaid recipients, temporarily to suspend that PSRO's authority to make conclusive determinations for purposes of payment under Medicaid, or Medicare. Provides that such action by the Secretary is final and not subject to judicial review.

Prohibits the delegation by PSROs of their review functions to review committees of health care facilities in the case of skilled nursing facilities, or intermediate care facilities, unless such facilities are part of hospitals to which the PSRO has delegated review. Specifies that a PSRO has review functions over intermediate care facilities and public institution for the mentally retarded only if: (1) Secretary finds that the agency administering the State plan is not performing such functions effectively, or; (2) the State requests such organization to assume such responsibility.

Provides that members of the Professional Standards Review Council shall be appointed for a three-year term.

Requires PSROs to provide data and information to assist Federal and State agencies having responsibility for identifying and investigating cases or patterns of fraud or abuse, and to assist the Secretary in carrying out appropriate health care planning and related activities.

Provides that no patient record in the possession of a PSRO, or a State or national Professional Standards Review Council shall be subject to subpoena or discovery proceedings in a civil action.

Requires the Secretary to make payment to qualified PSROs in an amount equal to the reasonable amount of the expenses incurred in connection with the defense of any suit, action, or proceeding brought against such organization, member, employee, or person related to the performance of any duty or function of such organization.

Directs the Secretary to submit to the Congress beginning on April 1, 1978, an annual report on the administration, impact, and cost of the PSRO program during the preceding fiscal year.

Provides that, for the purposes of the PSRO program, individuals licensed to practice medicine in American Samoa, the Northern Marianas, and the Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands shall be considered to be physicians and doctors of medicine.

Authorizes the Comptroller General of the United States to sign and issue supoenas for the purposes of any audit, investigation, examination, analysis, review, evaluation, or other function authorized by law with respect to any program authorized under the Act.

Requires the Secretary to suspend any physician or practitioner from participation in the Medicare or Medicaid programs whenever such individual is convicted of a criminal offense related to their involvement in such programs.

Conditions participation in, or certification or recertification under, the programs established by titles XVIII, XIX, and XX (Grants to States for Services) upon disclosure of the name of any person who: (1) has a direct or indirect ownership or control interest of five percent or more in such provider, institution, organization, or agency, or is an officer, director, agent or managing employee of such institution, organization, or agency; and (2) has been convicted of a criminal offense related to the involvement of such person in any of such programs.

Prohibits expenditure under the Medicaid plan to the extent that an insurance company would have been obligated to provide such care or services but for a provision of the insurance contract which limits or excludes such obligation because the individual is eligible for or receives care or services under the plan.

Establishes a medical support program under which Medicaid applicants and recipients may be required by a State to assign their rights to medical support or indemnification by the State. Provides incentive payments of 15 percent of the amounts collected to localities securing collections on behalf of the State, and States securing collections on behalf of other states.

Requires the Comptroller General to conduct a comprehensive study of the administrative structure for processing Medicare claims, and to submit a complete report to Congress by July 1, 1979 on the results of such study.

Abolishes program review teams under the Medicare program.

Authorizes the Secretary to assign and reassign providers of services and items under Medicare to available fiscal intermediaries, after taking into account the provider's selection and after applying the appropriate standards and criteria. Authorizes the Secretary, after applying such standards, to designate regional intermediaries or a national intermediary with respect to a class of providers. Requires the Secretary to develop standards, criteria and procedures for evaluating the adequacy of intermediary performance, and to apply such standards in making determinations as to the participation and role of intermediaries in the program.

Requires a provider to have an agreement with the Secretary to promptly notify him of its employment of an individual who, during the year preceding such employment, was employed in a managerial or accounting capacity by an agency which serves as a fiscal intermediary with respect to such provider.

Provides that, in the case of durable medical equipment, the Secretary is to determine whether the expected duration of the medical need for the equipment warrants the presumption that purchase would be less costly or more practical than rental. Requires the Secretary to purchase such equipment on a lease-purchase or lump-sum basis if such presumption does exist, unless he determines that such a purchase would be contrary to the best interests of the Medicare program or would create an undue financial hardship on the user, in which case he may authorize the rental of such equipment.

Authorizes 90 percent Federal matching assistance payments for fiscal years 1978-l980 for the establishment and operation of State Medicaid fraud control units.

Authorizes the Secretary to conduct demonstration projects to develop improved methods for the investigation and prosecution of fraud in the provision of health services under the Social Security Act.

Requires the Secretary, within one year after enactment of this Act, to submit to the appropriate Congressional committees a report on all aspects of the delivery of home health care provided under Medicare, Medicaid and Grants to States for Services.

Requires the Secretary to establish a uniform system of reporting the costs of services for hospitals, skilled nursing facilities, intermediate care facilities, home health agencies, health maintenance organizations and other health services facilities receiving payments under the Social Security Act.

Requires the Secretary to monitor the operation of, and revise such reporting systems. Requires providers of service under medicare and recipients of payments under a State plan for medical assistance to report to the Secretary in accordance with such system.

Waives all reductions of the Federal medical assistance percentage due to a State's failure to have an effective Medicaid utilization program with respect to a calendar quarter beginning prior to January 1, 1978. Provides that for subsequent calendar quarters, the required reductions in Federal matching will be imposed only in proportion to the number of patients whose care was not reviewed compared to the total patient population subject to review.

Directs the Secretary to submit to Congress within 60 days after the end of each calendar quarter a report on: (1) whether each showing has been determined to be satisfactory; (2) his review of the validity of showings; and (3) any reduction in the Federal medical assistance percentage he has imposed.

Requires that, as a condition for participation in the Medicare and Medicaid programs, a skilled nursing facility or intermediate care facility must establish and maintain a system to assure the proper accounting of personal patient funds. Directs that such system provide for separate and discreet accounting for each patient with a complete accounting of income and expenditures.

Reduces the period of payment for institutional care beyond the date determined medically necessary from three days to one day. Permits a PSRO to authorize up to two additional days of benefits on a case-by-case basis, where additional time is needed to arrange for the necessary postdischarge care.

Authorizes, under certain circumstances, Medicare reimbursement for care provided to a nonveteran Medicare beneficiary in a Veteran's Administration hospital where the care was provided on the mistaken (but good faith) assumption that the beneficiary was an eligible veteran.