Summary: S.1678 — 95th Congress (1977-1978)All Information (Except Text)

Bill summaries are authored by CRS.

Shown Here:
Conference report filed in Senate (09/12/1978)

(Conference report filed in Senate, S. Rept. 95-1188)

Federal Pesticide Act - Amends the Federal Insecticide, Fungicide, and Rodenticide Act (FIFRA) to provide that each applicant for registration of a pesticide shall file, with the Administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency, a statement which includes a full description of tests, and results thereof on which the claims are based, or alternatively a citation to data in the public literature or data previously submitted to the Administrator. Prohibits the Administrator's consideration of previously submitted data in a new application without the written permission of the original data submitter during an initial ten-year period of exclusive use. Requires compensation of the original data submitter for subsequent use of such data by other license applicants during the 15 years following the original submission. States that, in the event of arbitration to determine the terms and amount of compensation for use of another applicant's data, the findings and determination of the arbitrator shall be binding and conclusive, and not subject to further appeal, except for fraud, misrepresentation, or other misconduct by one of the parties or the arbitrator.

Prescribes procedures for the generation of data needed to maintain existing registrations.

Directs the Administrator, in establishing standards for data requirements for the registration of pesticides intended for minor uses, to: (1) make the standards commensurate with the anticipated extent and pattern of use, and the level and degree of potential exposure of man and environment to the pesticides; and (2) consider the economic factors of volume of use and extent of distribution, and the impact of the cost of meeting such requirements.

Directs the Administrator to prescribe procedures for the simplified registration of pesticides.

Authorizes the Administrator to conditionally register or amend registration of pesticides in accordance with prescribed criteria utilizing abbreviated procedures. Forbids the conditional amendment of the registration of certain pesticides that meet or exceed risk criteria associated with human dietary exposure.

Restricts the authority of the Administrator to initiate a public interim administrative review process.

Authorizes the Administrator to classify registered pesticides prior to their reregistration. Increases the time from 30 to 45 days prior to a change in classification in which the Administrator must notify the registrant if he determines that a change in classification of a pesticide from general to restricted use is necessary.

Directs that the reregistration of all pesticides be accomplished in the most expeditious manner possible.

Restricts the authority of the Administrator to declare that use of a pesticide at a dilution less that label dosage is an inconsistent use of such pesticide.

Requires the Administrator to conduct programs for the certification of pesticide applicators in States for which a State plan for such applicators has not been approved, if the Governor of the State requests such a program.

Provides that, instead of cancelling a pesticide registration, the Administrator may restrict its use. Requires the Administrator to issue a notice of intent to cancel a conditional registration if the condition upon which the registration was based had not been satisfied within the time required. Authorizes the Administrator, upon such cancellation, to permit the continued sale and use of existing stocks of the pesticide if determined that such action was not inconsistent with the purposes of the Act and would not have an unreasonable adverse effect on the environment.

Requires the registration of: (1) establishments that produce active ingredients used in producing pesticides; and (2) establishments that produce pesticides or active ingredients for the export trade.

Revises the trade secrets provision of such act to require disclosure of information relating to tests and testing methodology concerning the effects of pesticides on the environment.

Authorizes the Administrator to disclose otherwise confidential information to contractors with the Government if such disclosure is necessary in order to assure satisfactory performance of work by the contractor in connection with FIFRA.

Establishes penalties for willful disclosure of FIFRA protected trade secrets to unauthorized persons by Government employees.

Provides that producers of pesticides for export shall be subject to the provisions of FIFRA dealing with defining, labeling, and misbranding, and that provision regarding registration of establishments.

Includes Indian tribes within provisions of the Act relating to cooperative agreements with the Administrator for training and enforcement programs.

Gives the States authority to regulate the sale or use of any federally registered pesticide or device in the State, but only to the extent that such regulation does not permit any sale or use prohibited by FIFRA. Authorizes the States to register pesticides for use within the State to meet local needs, provided such registration has not been denied, disapproved, or cancelled by the Administrator.

Directs that factors such as the impact on the price of agricultural commodities and the difference in environmental risk or agricultural and nonagricultural pesticides be taken into account in the regulation of pesticides.

Extends the authorization of the Scientific Advisory Panel until January 1, 1981.

Includes professional and commercial applicators of pesticides as persons (1) required to keep certain records, and (2) whose business establishments may be searched by agents of the Administrator.

Requires the Administrator to delegate to the States the primary responsibility for enforcement provisions of FIFRA relating to pesticide use violations. Authorizes the Administrator to enforce such provisions if the State fails to abide by the agreements established in the mandatory State plan for enforcement.

Directs the Administrator, in coordination with the Secretary of Agriculture, to establish a list of pests, in order of priority, that need to be brought under control.

Directs the Administrator to report annually on the program of conditional registration.

Authorizes the appropriation of $54,500,000 in fiscal year 1978 and of $70,000,000 in fiscal year 1979, to carry out the provisions of FIFRA.

Requires that studies be conducted by EPA on: (1) the feasibility of collecting registration fees from applicants; (2) methods of pesticide application; and (3) the problems of minor uses of pesticides not specifically permitted by labeling.