H.R.5320 - Job Training Partnership Act97th Congress (1981-1982)
|Sponsor:||Rep. Hawkins, Augustus F. [D-CA-29] (Introduced 01/25/1982)|
|Committees:||House - Education and Labor|
|Committee Reports:||H.Rept 97-537|
|Latest Action:||House - 08/04/1982 Other Measure S.2036 (Amended) Passed House in Lieu. (All Actions)|
|Roll Call Votes:||There have been 3 roll call votes|
This bill has the status Passed House
Here are the steps for Status of Legislation:
- Passed House
Summary: H.R.5320 — 97th Congress (1981-1982)All Information (Except Text)
(Measure passed House, amended, roll call #244 (356-52))
Passed House amended (08/04/1982)
Job Training Partnership Act - Sets forth the purposes of this Act, including: (1) increasing the productive capacity and utilization of the Nation's labor force by improving the match between the skills of the labor force and the needs of the economy and preparing youth and unskilled adults for entry into the labor force; (2) enhancing the job skills of unemployed and underemployed individuals, including dislocated workers and those with obsolete skills; and (3) establishing a community-based employment and training system built on a partnership between State and local governments and the private sector.
Authorizes appropriations in amounts necessary to carry out this Act (other than part B, title IV provisions relating to the Job Corps) for FY 1983 and for each succeeding fiscal year. Authorizes appropriations in a specified amount for FY 1983 and in necessary amounts for succeeding fiscal years for the Job Corps.
Title I: Job Training and Employment Assistance System - Part A: Community Public-Private Partership System - Provides that a prime sponsor under this Act shall be: (1) a State; (2) any local government with at least 150,000 population; (3) any consortium of local governments which includes a local government with at least 150,000 population; (4) any consortium of local governments which has an aggregate at least 150,000 population and which includes any local government previously designated as a prime sponsor under the Comprehensive Employment and Training Act; (5) any local government or consortium of local governments, without regard to population, which can demonstrate, to the satisfaction of the Secretary of Labor that it serves a substantial portion of a labor market area (LMA) for which no other eligible local government has submitted an approvable plan; (6) any existing concentrated employment program grantee which served a rural area under CETA; and (7) during FY 1983 through 1988, any local government or consortium previously designated as a CETA prime sponsor, subject to specified conditions.
Makes any prime sponsor which is a specified type of consortium and which serves a substantial portion of an LMA eligible to receive certain bonus payments.
Permits a State to qualify as a prime sponsor for any geographic area which is not within the jurisdiction of other prime sponsors. Directs the Governor of such a State to: (1) designate one or more service delivery areas (SDAs) within the area served by the State as a prime sponsor, in consultation with the local governments in each such area; and (2) establish a private industry council (PIC) for each such area.
Prohibits a larger local government from qualifying as a prime sponsor with respect to the jurisdiction within its area of any smaller local government which is, or is part of, a prime sponsor that has submitted an approvable plan.
Requires an applicant to submit to the Secretary a notice of intent to be a prime sponsor under this Act for a two-year period. Directs the Secretary to designate as a prime sponsor any applicant submitting such notice, unless such applicant does not qualify.
Authorizes the Secretary to designate the State or other alternate prime sponsor in the State to develop a plan for any area for which no prime sponsor has been designated.
Requires, if two or more previously designated prime sponsors are eligible to be so designated under this Act but are located in a single LMA within the same State, that such prime sponsors establish a joint PIC: (1) which serves an area with at least 150,000 population or comprising a substantial portion of such LMA; and (2) on which each prime sponsor is entitled to proportionate representation.
Requires each prime sponsor under this Act to establish a PIC with joint responsibility for the planning of activities. Permits a prime sponsor to designate for such purpose a PIC which served the same prime sponsor area under CETA. Prohibits a prime sponsor from using funds under this Act for any activity not approved by the PIC.
Requires that: (1) a majority of PIC members be representatives of business and industry in the area served by the prime sponsor; (2) such representatives be recommended by local business organizations; (3) whenever possible, at least one-half of such business and industry representatives represent small business, including minority business; and (4) the remaining representatives represent labor, education, rehabilitation, community-based organizations, the employment service, and economic development organizations and agencies and be recommended by appropriate organizations and agencies. Directs the prime sponsor to ensure that PIC membership reasonably represents the population of the area served. Provides that members be appointed for fixed terms and serve until successors are appointed. Prohibits prime sponsors from dissolving PICs or removing members, except for cause in accordance with regulations of the Secretary. Requires that vacancies be filled in the same manner as the original PIC member appointments.
Directs each prime sponsor to: (1) make funds available, out of its allowable administrative costs, for PIC staff; and (2) ensure that each PIC is eligible for designation as a planning council for any other employment and training programs within designated enterprise zones.
Provides for nationally established performance standards for programs under part B of title I, title III, and part A of title IV, as well as for programs carried out by prime sponsors under this Act.
Directs the Secretary, with respect to prime sponsor programs, to: (1) establish national performance criteria based on such factors as unsubsidized employment placement and retention, wage increases, and reduction in the number of individuals receiving cash welfare payments; and (2) designate education competencies attainment, elementary, secondary, and postsecondary school completion, and referral to other training programs, such as apprenticeships or military enlistment as additional factors in the evaluation of youth programs' performance. Directs the Secretary to determine the adequacy of each prime sponsor's performance goals (and each State's proposed performance goals for programs under part B of title I and title III) on the basis of minimum performance standards based on such national performance criteria, appropriately weighting and varying the factors in such criteria to recognize local conditions and employment barriers.
Authorizes the Secretary to modify application of national performance standards for prime sponsors demonstrating exceptional local economic hardship and to approve less stringent performance goals which are the best reasonably attainable goals.
Directs the Secretary, where a prime sponsor is failing to attain performance goals, to: (1) provide notice and technical assistance to the prime sponsor; and (2) in the case of ongoing failure during two consecutive years, designate an alternate prime sponsor to prepare a plan for the area for the succeeding years and terminate provision of funds to the unsuccessful prime sponsor. Authorizes the Secretary, upon determination that a prime sponsor has corrected the causes of a failure, to designate that prime sponsor to prepare a plan for a two-year period after an alternate has served the area.
Sets forth requirements for biennial community job training plans. Requires that such plans be developed with the participation of, and submitted with the approval of a majority of, the PIC. Authorizes the Secretary to: (1) designate the State or other alternate prime sponsor to develop a plan, with PIC participation and majority approval, in cases where the PIC and the prime sponsor cannot concur; and (2) in the event that no alternate prime sponsor is able or willing to submit such a plan, develop an area plan directly or through an appropriate public or private nonprofit agency or organization. Directs prime sponsors, with PIC concurrence, to submit plan modifications for review, if substantial deviations from an approved biennial plan become necessary. Requires plan designation of an entity to administer programs and services in the prime sponsor area. Permits such entity to be constituted as a nonprofit corporation hiring administrative and planning staff or to use government employees as such staff.
Requires each plan to describe activities conducted with funds under this Act, including: (1) a labor market analysis (with special emphasis on energy conservation and renewable energy source development); (2) a demographic analysis of the eligible population; (3) participant selection procedures; (4) training and employment services, including duration, costs, wages, stipends, or allowances, and supportive services; (5) service provider selection methods and criteria, including consideration of community-based organizations as subgrantees or subcontractors; (6) procedures assuring training services through subgrants or subcontracts with service providers of demonstrated effectiveness, unless the administrative entity can carry out specific services more effectively; (7) agreements with employers regarding length of employee classroom and worksite training times; (8) arrangements for coordination with educational agencies; (9) procedures for expenditure recordkeeping and for monitoring and auditing subgrantees or subcontractors; (10) allocation and use of funds retained from one fiscal year for use in the succeeding fiscal year; and (11) procedures for consideration of previously funded, cost-effective, and demonstrably successful service deliveries to deliver programs and activities under this Act. Requires each plan to include: (1) performance goals; (2) a statement of assurance of compliance with applicable requirements; (3) a description of methods of coordinating programs under this Act with other employment-related programs; and (4) in the case of any prime sponsor establishing a joint PIC, a description of specified arrangements with other prime sponsors.
Sets forth procedures for review of prime sponsor plans by the PIC, the State legislature, and appropriate local governments and labor organizations, as well as for availability to the public, before submission for approval or disapproval by the Secretary. Requires the State employment and training council to either certify such a plan as consistent with the Governor's coordination and special services plan or to return the plan, with recommendations for modification, to the prime sponsor. Requires that such recommendations, and any modifications proposed by the Governor, accompany the plan submitted to the Secretary. Directs the Secretary to notify the Governor if such recommendations or proposed modifications are not accepted. Sets forth requirements for the Secretary's review and approval of plans. Prohibits the Secretary from disapproving all or any portion of a plan solely on the basis of the type or duration of training proposed.
Part B: State Responsibilities - Requires States seeking financial assistance under this Act to submit a biennial Governor's coordination and special services plan to the Secretary. Requires that Governor's coordination and special services activities include: (1) information and technical assistance to prime sponsors and PICs; (2) special model training and employment programs and related services; (3) programs to meet needs of special groups, such as offenders and ex-offenders; (4) financial assistance for rural programs; (5) training and employment in energy conservation and use and in development of solar energy sources; (6) fostering activities of the State occupational information coordinating committee; (7) industrywide training; (8) activities under title III of this Act (Employment and Training Assistance for Displaced Workers); (9) information services to prime sponsors on a State and local area basis regarding economic, industrial, and labor market conditions; (10) services for older workers; (11) training for staffs of local prime sponsors, PICs, and contractors for State supported programs; and (12) statewide programs providing for joint funding of activities under this Act with services and activities under other employment-related programs.
Requires States desiring to receive financial assistance under this Act to establish a State employment and training coordinating council. Includes among such council's duties the review of plans and programs of prime sponsors and of all appropriate State agencies. Requires the council to develop the Governor's coordination and special services plan and to review and certify community job training plans. Authorizes the Governor to transfer to the council specified functions of the State advisory council under the Wagner-Peyser Act and of any State coordinating committee for the work incentive (WIN) program under the Social Security Act.
Reserves 20 percent of the sums available for Governor's coordination and special services activities to be used for coordination among State education and training agencies and prime sponsors.
Requires that six percent of the appropriations authorized under this title be used for State incentive grants to improve vocational services to eligible individuals in prime sponsor areas.
Directs the Governor, in order that a State be eligible for Federal aid to State labor market information programs under this Act, to designate an organizational unit to: (1) oversee and manage a statewide comprehensive labor market and occupational supply and demand information system; (2) design such a system to meet specified guidelines; (3) standardize specified records and data to produce an employment and economic analysis; (4) assure that paperwork burdens are kept to a minimum; (5) disseminate labor market and individualized career information; and (6) conduct research and demonstration projects to improve the statewide information system (requires that project results remain in the public domain if Federal funds are used).
Gives the consent of Congress to interstate compacts and agreements which enhance compliance with this Act, subject to approval by the Secretary.
Part C: General Requirements - Sets forth general program requirements under this Act.
Requires prime sponsors to provide employment and training opportunities to those most in need of such opportunities and make every effort to provide equitable services among significant segments of the eligible population.
Sets program participation (30 months) and training allowances (104 weeks) limits.
Permits subsidized employment with a private for-profit employer, but only if the employee is an economically disadvantaged youth aged 16 through 21 and specified title II provisions are met.
Prohibits funding of programs involving political activities.
Limits administrative cost expenditures to 15 percent of the total amount of funds available to a prime sponsor in any fiscal year.
Requires notification by the Secretary, to the Governor and the appropriate prime sponsor, of activities to be funded under this Act by the Secretary in the State or prime sponsor area. Requires similar notification to a prime sponsor by the Governor of activities to be funded under this Act by the State in a prime sponsor area.
Sets forth provisions for participant wages, benefits, and allowances. Provides for subsistence stipends at a rate equal to 70 percent of the lower living standard income level minus cash income and food stamps value. Provides for participant cost stipends to cover extra costs of transportation, meals, equipment, and child care necessary for participation, at rates according to family income. Permits lump-sum payments, tools and equipment, scholarships, and other rewards for constructive attainments. Requires that individuals employed in activities authorized under this Act be paid wages at a rate which is the highest of the applicable Federal or State or local minimum wage or the prevailing rate for individuals employed in similar occupations by the same employer. Limits subsistence stipends to amounts equivalent to the applicable minimum wage.
Sets forth provisions for labor standards for activities under this Act, including provisions relating to occupational health and safety, workers' compensation, and working conditions and worker benefits. Prohibits use of funds under this Act for contributions to retirement systems or plans. Requires written concurrence of the labor organization concerned for any program under this Act which would be inconsistent with collective bargaining agreement terms. Requires recipients of funds under this Act to assure that none of such funds will be used to assist, promote, or deter union organizing.
Sets forth provisions relating to allocation and availability of funds, reports, records, audits, investigations, complaints and sanctions, judicial review, services and property, and the utilization of services and facilities.
Provides that no provision of this Act shall be construed to authorize any Federal direction, supervision, or control over the curriculum, program of instruction, administration, personnel, or selection of instructional materials in any educational institution or school system.
Directs the Secretary: (1) by March 31 of each year, to set a date for submission of community job training plans and Governor's coordination and special services plans for the next fiscal year; and (2) by May 15 of each year, to make available final regulations and application materials for the next fiscal year.
Requires that at least 70 percent of total expenditures by any prime sponsor for any fiscal year for programs under title II parts B and C (except provisions for summer youth employment programs) be expended for the direct provision of employment and training services.
Title II: Employment and Training Services for the Disadvantaged - Part A: General Provisions - Sets forth formulas for the allocation of amounts appropriated to carry out this title.
Allocates 73 percent in any fiscal year among the States on the basis of relative numbers of: (1) unemployed persons; (2) unemployed persons in excess of four and one-half percent of the civilian labor force in the State or in areas of substantial unemployment; (3) unemployed persons residing in areas of substantial unemployment; and (4) adults in low-income families. Directs the Secretary to suballocate the State allocation among prime sponsors within the State on an equitable basis based upon such relative numbers.
Allocates ten percent of the amount appropriated for this title for any fiscal year, among the States in proportion to their other allocation, for: (1) the Governor's coordinating and special services; (2) the State employment and training council; and (3) State coordination among employment-related education and training programs.
Directs the Secretary to make available five percent of title II funds to prime sponsors: (1) in FY 1983 as planning grants to meet special transition costs; and (2) in FY 1984 and thereafter to those who have met or exceeded performance goals during the preceding fiscal year.
Directs the Secretary to allocate six percent of title II funds in any fiscal year among the States to enable Governors to provide State incentive grants to State agencies responsible for specified education and training under this Act.
Directs the Secretary to allocate four percent of title II funds in FY 1984 and thereafter to prime sponsors who raise, and expend for title II program purposes specified amounts of non-Federal funds.
Directs the Secretary to allocate two percent of title II funds for any fiscal year among prime sponsors eligible for bonus payments for forming consortia of local governments or for serving major labor market areas. Directs the Secretary to make available, in addition to such two percent allocation, four percent of title II funds for FY 1983 to encourage voluntary consortia serving substantial portions of labor market areas.
Limits eligibility to participate in title II programs to economically disadvantaged individuals, but allows up to ten percent of title II program participants to be individuals who are not economically disadvantaged if such individuals have encountered barriers to employment (including, but not limited to, individuals with limited English-language proficiency, displaced homemakers, single teenage parents, older workers, veterans, ex-offenders, alcoholics, or addicts).
Requires prime sponsors to use title II funds in accordance with their plans to provide employment and training services which they and their PICs determine to be necessary and appropriate for economically disadvantaged youth and adults. Requires that at least one-half of such funds be used for such services for youth aged 16 through 21, with proportionate increases or reductions of this minimum requirement in areas where the ratio of economically disadvantaged youth to economically disadvantaged adults differs from the nationwide ratio. Permits prime sponsors to transfer up to 15 percent of such allocations between adult and youth programs.
Part B: Adult Training Programs - Sets forth provisions for training programs for eligible individuals age 22 or older.
Sets forth a non-exhaustive list of permissible title II services, under both adult and youth programs. Permits programs of advanced career training which provide a formal combination of on-the-job and institutional training and internship assignments which prepare individuals for career employment. Permits training programs operated by the private sector, including labor organizations or consortia of employers using private sector facilities, equipment, and personnel to train workers in occupations for which demand exceeds supply. Permits employment bonuses, paid only upon retention in employment for at least six months beyond the training period, to provide incentives for employers to employ participants at the conclusion of on-the-job or other training under this Act. Includes among other permissible services: (1) job search; (2) job counseling; (3) remedial and basic skills education; (4) institutional skill training; (5) on-the-job training; (6) outreach; (7) labor market information; (8) work habit development; (9) supportive services; (10) upgrading and retraining; (11) education-to-work transition; (12) literacy and bilingual training; (13) work experience and vocational exploration; (14) high school equivalency; (15) job and job-opening development and generation; (16) apprenticeship; (17) program information to employers; (18) advanced learning technology; (19) followup; and (20) coordination with related programs. Provides that supportive services for reasonable expenses required for participation in training may be provided in-kind or through cash assistance.
Requires adult training programs, to the extent possible, to provide specified types of training with a commitment by an employer or group of employers to employ individuals upon successful completion of training.
Part C: Youth Preparatory Programs - Makes individuals age 16 through 21, whether in-school or out-of-school, eligible to participate in programs under this part. Makes youth age 14 or 15 eligible for: (1) pre-employment training skills programs, regardless of family income; and (2) summer youth employment programs, if appropriate and set forth in the community job training program. Excludes earnings and allowances earned under this Act by specified eligible youth from family income determinations for purposes of Federal aid.
Provides that funds available under this part may be used to provide eligible youth with the activities authorized under part B, in addition to activities authorized under this part.
Provides for an "education for employment" program. Authorizes prime sponsors to maintain networks of learning centers offering individualized instruction in convenient locations and preparing students to meet State and local general education diploma and basic education competency requirements. Makes eligible youth who have not attained a high school diploma or have educational deficiencies despite such attainment eligible for such learning center programs, with priority given to high school dropouts. Gives priority in the selection of learning center service providers to previously funded in-school and community based organizations which are both cost-effective and demonstrably successful.
Provides for a preemployment skills training program for youth age 14 though 19, with priority given to those who plan, to enter the full-time labor market upon leaving school and who do not meet established academic achievement levels. Requires that, insofar as possible, preemployment skills training be concentrated on youth age 14 to 16. Requires that eligible youth be provided with up to 200 hours of individualized instruction and activities.
Provides for an entry employment experience program for youth who: (1) have completed preemployment skills training or its equivalent; (2) have not held a regular part-time or summer job for more than 250 hours of paid employment (except if this requirement is waived in accordance with plan criteria); and (3) are enrolled in a secondary school or a certified high school equivalency program and are meeting or have met current or most recent term minimum academic and attendance requirements. Gives priority to those not planning to continue on to postsecondary education. Permits entry employment to be up to 20 hours weekly during the school year or full time during the summer and holidays, for an individual total up to 500 hours. Requires supervision, including attendance and worksite performance standards.
Sets forth permissible types of entry employment program experiences. Permits employment in public and private nonprofit agencies, on a full-time basis during the summer and on a part-time basis in combination with education and training activities, in jobs providing community improvement services that complement local expenditures. Permits "tryout employment" at private for-profit worksites, with compensation in lieu of wages paid by the prime sponsor. Limits tryout employment to: (1) 250 hours per participant; and (2) assignments for which the participant would not usually be hired. Prohibits refilling tryout positions where a previously successful participant was not hired. Permits tryout employment at public and private nonprofit worksites when private for-profit worksites are not available. Provides for cooperative education programs to coordinate educational programs with work in the private sector.
Mandates participation in the education for employment program for dropout youth not enrolled in other certified education activities who wish to qualify for the entry employment program (and permits such a requirement for summer month entry employment for any youth). Requires each participant to: (1) meet performance and attendance standards; and (2) be evaluated (and, if necessary, terminated) on the basis of such standards.
Provides for a school-to-work transition assistance program for: (1) high school seniors planning to enter the full-time labor market upon graduation, with priority to those in high schools with a predominance of students from families below 70 percent of the lower living standard; and (2) dropouts, with immediate followup after leaving school. Sets forth some allowable types of transition services. Requires that all seniors and dropouts eligible for and in need of training activities be provided information and, where appropriate, be referred to specified types of employment and training programs.
Permits eligible youth under this part to participate in summer youth employment programs of public or private nonprofit agencies and organizations which provide useful work experience and appropriate training and supplemental activities.
Requires that all education programs, academic credit awards, and educational attainment certifications under this part be consistent with applicable State and local standards.
Title III: Employment and Training Assistance for Displaced Workers - Declares the purposes of this title to be: (1) alternative employment assistance to involuntarily unemployed individuals (including older individuals) unlikely to be rehired by the same employer; (2) occupational retraining for individuals (including older individuals) with skills in declining occupations; and (3) reduction of the impact of economic dislocation on local communities.
Authorizes the Secretary to reserve up to 25 percent of title III funds for any fiscal year, to be made available for use by the States to provide training, retraining, job search assistance, placement, relocation assistance, and other aid (including authorized title III activities) to individuals: (1) affected by mass layoffs, natural disasters, Federal Government actions (such as facilities relocations); or (2) residing in areas of high unemployment or designated enterprise zones. Requires States to submit applications identifying needs and projected results in order to qualify for such assistance.
Directs the Secretary to allocate the remainder of title III funds for any fiscal year among the States on the basis of relative numbers of: (1) unemployed persons; (2) unemployed persons in excess of four and one-half percent of the civilian labor force in the State; and (3) persons unemployed for 15 weeks or more.
Requires each State to match its title III Federal grant by an equal expenditure of non-Federal public or private funds for title III services, including direct costs of such services and State unemployment insurance benefits to participants in title III programs. Directs the Secretary to prescribe regulations establishing conditions for appropriate reduction in such State matching amount if the average rate of unemployment in a State equals or exceeds the national average rate for any three consecutive months.
Requires States desiring title III funds to submit to the Secretary of State displaced worker plans for the use of such funds and for coordination of title III programs with other Federal, State, or local employment-related programs, including low-income weatherization and other energy conservation programs. Requires such plans to ensure the maximum feasible utilization of title II program facilities and services in carrying out title III programs.
Requires prime sponsor and PIC approval of title III program operations in the areas they serve.
Requires, for specified title III program services, affected labor organization consultation and approval.
Authorizes use of title III funds to assist eligible participants to obtain unsubsidized employment through employment, training and related services including, but not limited to: (1) job search, including job clubs; (2) job development; (3) in-demand skills training; (4) supportive services, including commuting assistance financial and personal conseling; (5) relocation assistance; (6) cooperative programs with employers or labor organizations for early intervention in the event of plant or facility closures; and (7) pre-layoff assistance. Requires allowances or stipends for eligible participants during title III training or retraining periods. Permits relocation assistance if the State determines that the participant: (1) cannot obtain employment within the commuting area; and (2) has secured suitable long-duration employment or a bona fide job offer in a relocation area.
Makes eligible for title III services any individual who has experienced or been notified of termination or suspension of employment as a result of any plant or facility closure or indefinite layoff or reduction in force. Makes eligible for title III training or retraining programs any unemployed individual with job skills that the State determines offer limited opportunities for employment or reemployment in the same or a similar occupation in the area of residence. Makes eligible any older individual who has encountered long-term unemployment, or has been discouraged from seeking employment, and who may have substantial barriers to employment by reason of age.
Title IV: National Employment and Training Programs - Part A: Employment and Training Programs for Native Americans and Migrant and Seasonal Farmworkers - Sets forth provisions for Native American employment and training programs. Directs the Secretary to reserve for Native Americans programs from title IV funds an amount equal to not less than two and seven-tenths percent of the amount available for title II programs. Directs the Secretary to prescribe rules, regulations and performance standards necessary to meet the special circumstances under which such Native American programs operate, after consultation with representatives of Indians and other Native Americans. Directs the Secretary to provide necessary technical assistance to tribes, bands, and groups eligible for such programs.
Sets forth provisions for migrant and seasonal farmworker employment and training programs. Directs the Secretary to establish an office of farmworker programs within the national headquarters of the Department of Labor to select, administer, monitor, and evaluate such programs.
Requires that the public agencies and private nonprofit organizations carrying out program services have a previously demonstrated capability to administer effectively a diversified employability development program for migrant and seasonal farmworkers. Authorizes the Secretary to approve the designation of grantees for such programs for a period of two years. Requires that such programs, in addition to other employment and retraining activities, assist in improving the well-being of farmworkers who remain as seasonal agricultural employees.
Requires title IV fund recipients to establish performance goals.
Directs the Secretary to reserve for farmworker programs from title IV funds an amount equal to not less than two and eight-tenths percent of the amount available for title II programs.
Prohibits national farmworker programs and activities from precluding other assistance to farmworkers under this Act.
Part B: Job Corps - Sets forth provisions for the Job Corps.
Sets participant age limits of 16 through 24 (CETA provides limits of 14 through 21), but permits appropriate nonresidential services for 14 and 15 year olds (both this Act and CETA allow waivers of the maximum age limitation in cases of handicapped individuals.
Authorizes the Secretary to pay individuals and organizations for the cost of recruitment, screening, and selection of Job Corps candidates (but prohibits, as does CETA, any payment solely as compensation for referring the names of candidates).
Requires the Director of each Job Corps center, or a designee, to serve as liaison officer to improve information exchange with other programs authorized under this Act.
Provides for an exception from the two-year Job Corps enrollment period limit where necessary for participation in an advanced career program (as well as in special cases). Authorizes the Secretary to arrange for advanced career training programs for selected Corps members for a period of up to one additional year of Corps participation. Permits such programs to be provided by postsecondary institutions or by businesses and labor unions.
Limits, in FY 1983, personal allowances to no more than $70 per month for the first six months and no more than $125 for the remainder of Corps service, for expected short-term service, or for readjustment allowances. Permits the Secretary to increase such allowances in FY 1984 and thereafter.
Directs the Secretary to disseminate information from Job Corps program experience which may help related programs.
Authorizes the Secretary to test at various Job Corps centers the efficacy of selected education or training activities.
Authorizes the Secretary to arrange with the Secretary of Defense for pilot projects at Job Corps centers to prepare youth to qualify for military service. Permits permanent programs for such purpose if the Secretary of Defense reimburses the Job Corps for 90 percent of program costs.
Authorizes the Secretary to undertake pilot projects using community-based organizations of demonstrated effectiveness for Job Corps center operation.
Authorizes the Secretary to accept charitable donations on behalf of the Job Corps.
Part C: National Programs and Activities - Directs the Secretary to use specified funds to provide services authorized under all titles of this Act for employment and training programs that are most appropriately administered from the national level, such as federally-assisted multistate programs sponsored by public agencies or private organizations, including programs: (1) assisting persons with particular employment-related disadvantages (such as offenders, persons with limited English proficency, handicapped, women, single parents, displaced homemakers, youth, older workers, persons lacking educational credentials, veterans, and public assistance recipients); (2) fostering employment and training linkages between public and private sectors; (3) educating employers as to the benefits of hiring older persons and facilitating employment transitions for older persons; (4) addressing critical skill shortages; (5) developing skills for renewable energy technologies, energy conservation, and weatherization of homes occupied by low-income families; and (6) improving educational and employment opportunities in high unemployment areas through youth career intern programs conducted jointly by local educational agencies and community organization.
Directs the Secretary to provide for: (1) a comprehensive program of employment and training research; (2) a program of experimental, developmental, demonstration, and pilot projects to improve and test specialized and innovative methods to meet employment and training problems; (3) continuing evaluation of all programs, activities, and research and demonstration projects conducted pursuant to this Act; and (4) evaluation of the effectiveness of programs authorized under this Act and under the WIN program of the Social Security Act with respect to statutory goals and objectives.
Directs the Secretary, in consultation with appropriate officials, to provide for personnel training and technical assistance with respect to programs under this Act. Directs the Secretary to establish a national clearinghouse to disseminate materials and information gained from exemplary program experience which may improve other programs under this Act.
Directs the Secretary to establish an Office of Management Assistance to provide specified services to prime sponsors.
Directs the Secretary to administer all veterans' employment and training programs through the Assistant Secretary for Veterans' Employment, who shall be responsible for: (1) awarding grants and distributing funds for veterans' employment, training, and outreach services; and (2) establishing proper fiscal controls, accountability, and program performance of grant recipients for such services. Directs the Assistant Secretary to encourage such grant or contract recipients to arrange with private industry and business, educational institutions, nonprofit organizations, trade associations, and organized labor, in addition to other Federal and State agencies to make maximum use of existing programs. Requires that such programs emphasize the training needs of disabled, Vietnam era, and recently separated veterans. Requires that specified types of programs be included. Directs the Secretary to reserve and make available for veterans' employment programs from title IV funds an amount equal to 0.4 percent of title II funds.
Part D: Labor Market Information - Provides for the development of labor market and occupational information at Federal, State, and local levels for organizations planning and delivering services under this Act. Requires that funds available under this part also be available for State labor market information programs.
Directs the Secretary to develop and maintain a comprehensive system of labor market information on national, State, local, and other appropriate bases, which shall be made publicly available in a timely fashion. Authorizes the heads of other Federal agencies to make specified funds available for such program.
Directs the Secretary to develop: (1) reliable methods to produce more statistically accurate data on unemployment by State and local areas (and investigate alternative methods of producing such data on underemployment and labor demand); (2) current employment data by occupation and industry; and (3) job descriptions. Directs the Secretary to assure: (1) statistical reliability and national standardized definitions; (2) consolidation of departmental data collecting and processing systems; and (3) compliance with criteria of the Federal Paperwork Reduction Act.
Directs the Secretary to develop: (1) data for an annual statistical measure of labor market related economic hardship; and (2) household budget data. Directs the Secretary to publish, at least annually, a report relating labor force status to earnings and income.
Directs the Secretary to develop: (1) statistical data relating to closings of mines and manufacturing plants or facilities employing 50 or more workers; and (2) publish a report based on such data as soon as practicable after the end of each calendar year.
Directs the Secretary to: (1) set aside funds available to the Department (including sums available under this title) in an amount necessary and appropriate to carry out such labor market information program; and (2) notify the appropriate committees of the Congress of such amount and the basis for its determination.
Directs the Secretary, in cooperation with the Secretaries of Commerce, Defense, the Treasury, Education, and the Director of the Office of Management and the Budget (OMB) to: (1) review and integrate national information systems; (2) maintain standardized definitions; and (3) provide technical assistance to the States for an occupational supply and demand information system. Directs the Secretary, in cooperation with the Secretary of Defense, to assure that such system will provide young persons information on Armed Forces career opportunities. Directs the Secretary and the Director of OMB to assure that sufficient funds are available to provide Federal staff for coordination functions for the cooperative labor market information program.
Reserves at least $5,000,000 from amounts available for this part for the National Occupational Information Coordinating Committee established under the Vocational Education Act of 1963. Adds to Committee membership the Assistant Secretary of Commerce for Economic Development and the Assistant Secretary of Defense for Manpower, Reserve Affairs, and Logistics. Requires that at least 75 percent of funds transferred by the Secretary to the Committee be used to support State occupational information coordinating committees. Adds to the duties of the Committee. Authorizes the Committee to use all funds available to it under specified Acts to carry out its functions.
Sets forth provisions for a nationwide computerized job bank and matching program, including the development of an occupational information file.
Part E: National Commission on Employment and Productivity - Directs the Secretary to reserve $2,000,000 of the appropriations for this title for each fiscal year to fund the National Commission on Employment and Productivity (currently known as the National Commission on Employment Policy). Establishes the Commission and sets forth provisions for its membership (adds four members to the 15 members appointed by the President under CETA provisions for the current Commission, with two of these to be appointed by the Speaker of the House of Representatives and two by the majority leader of the Senate). Sets forth provisions for the Commission's functions, administration, and annual reports.
Title V: Amendments to Other Laws - Amends the Wagner-Peyser Act (U.S. Employment Service) to direct the Secretary to allocate funds for each fiscal year after FY 1983 among the States on the basis of the civilian labor force and unemployment, after each State is given a share of the total funds equal to 90 percent of its share for the preceding year, but not to exceed 90 percent of the amount received by each such State for FY 1983. Requires that no State receive a total allocation less than 0.28 percent of the total amount available for allocation. Directs the Secretary to reserve up to three percent of each State allocation to assure adequate funds for staff and other resources to carry out statewide employment services activities. Directs the Secretary to provide preliminary and final planning estimates, at specified times, showing each State's projected allocation for the following fiscal year.
Requires that ten percent of each State allotment be reserved for use by the Governor for performance incentives, services for groups with special needs, and exemplary models for service delivery. Permits the remainder State allocations to be used for: (1) job search and placement services for job seekers; (2) recruitment and technical services for employees; (3) program evaluation; (4) service linkages with related government programs; (5) services for displaced workers; (6) labor market and occupational information; (7) management information and analysis; (8) work test administration for the State unemployment compensation system; and (9) job search and placement for unemployment insurance claimants. Authorizes the U.S. Employment Service to perform, in addition to such activities, such other labor market-related services as are specified in reimbursable contracts with other State or Federal agencies.
Requires that State plans for carrying out U.S. Employment Service activities be developed jointly with prime sponsors and transmitted to the State employment and training coordinating council for certification that the plan is consistent with the Governor's coordination and special services plan. Grants the Governor opportunity to review and transmit proposed modifications of the State plan submitted to the Secretary.
Amends part C (Work Incentive Program - WIN) of title IV of the Social Security Act to delete a requirement that a specified portion of WIN program funds be used for specified on-the-job training and public service employment programs.
Directs the Secretary to assure that WIN registrants receive employment and training services under this Act.
Directs the Secretary to utilize PICs of prime sponsors under this Act for advice as to availability of area jobs for WIN programs purposes (thus replacing the WIN Labor Market Advisory Councils established to serve such function).
Revises provisions for WIN program operation to direct the Secretary to: (1) provide intensive job search assistance services for all WIN registrants (as a program requirement for certified employable AFDC recipients, with specified exceptions); (2) following provision of such services, refer all WIN registrants who have not been placed in unsubsidized employment to the appropriate prime sponsor for employment and training services under this Act; and (3) place WIN registrants without unsubsidized jobs who are not currently served under this Act in other employment and training activities.
Requires the State agency administering WIN program activities to coordinate these with activities under this Act.
Repeals the Comprehensive Employment and Training Act (CETA), as of October 1, 1982.
Provides for a CETA program transition period expiring at the end of September 30, 1983. Permits prime sponsors, even before the expiration of such transition period, to carry out activities authorized under this Act.
Directs the Secretary to publish a full set of proposed regulations to carry out this Act, for purposes of review and comment, by March 1, 1983.
Provides for a carryover of FY 1982 CETA funds allocated to prime sponsors, without any reduction in such areas FY 1983 allocation.
Provides for a transition period for the implementation of provisions in this Act which amend the WIN program and the Wagner-Peyser Act.
Title VI: Enforcement of Military Selective Service Act - Directs the Secretary to ensure that each individual participating in any program established under this Act, or receiving any benefit under this Act, has not violated the requirement to present and submit to registration under the Military Selective Service Act. Directs the Director of the Selective Service System to cooperate with the Secretary in carrying out this title.