S.1196 - International Security and Development Cooperation Act of 198197th Congress (1981-1982)
|Sponsor:||Sen. Percy, Charles H. [R-IL] (Introduced 05/15/1981)|
|Committees:||Senate - Foreign Relations|
|Committee Reports:||S.Rept 97-83; H.Rept 97-413|
|Latest Action:||12/29/1981 Became Public Law No: 97-113. (All Actions)|
|Roll Call Votes:||There have been 22 roll call votes|
This bill has the status Became Law
Here are the steps for Status of Legislation:
- Passed Senate
- Passed House
- Resolving Differences
- To President
- Became Law
Summary: S.1196 — 97th Congress (1981-1982)All Information (Except Text)
(Conference report filed in House, H. Rept. 97-413)
Conference report filed in House (12/15/1981)
International Security and Development Cooperation Act of 1981 - Title I: Military and Related Assistance and Sales - Amends the Arms Export Control Act to set the trigger price for transfers of defense equipment, articles, and services which would require the President to submit a certification to Congress before consenting to such transfer. Prohibits the President from consenting to transfers of defense equipment, articles, or services whose value exceeds such trigger price and whose export has been licensed or approved until a specified time after the certification has been submitted to Congress.
Deletes the provision which exempted from the certification requirement transfers to the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), any NATO member, Japan, Australia, or New Zealand.
Extends the time within which the President must report the price and availability estimates of such defense articles, services, and major equipment. Retains the current trigger price which would make it necessary for the President to include in such report a request by a foreign country for a letter of offer to sell defense equipment, articles, or services.
Increases, with respect to letters of offers to sell, the trigger price of defense equipment, articles, or services which would require the President to submit a specified certification to the appropriate congressional committees.
Increases, with respect to applications for export licenses, the trigger price of defense equipment, articles, or services which would require the President to submit a specified certification to Congress.
Provides for expedited consideration of transfers of defense materials to NATO, a NATO member, Japan, Australia, or New Zealand. Makes the President's consent to such a transfer effective within 15 (rather than 30) days of its submission to Congress, unless Congress adopts a concurrent resolution disapproving such transfer. Makes such consent effective immediately if an emergency exists. Provides for expedited consideration of such concurrent resolution.
Requires the President to report to Congress within 48 hours of the existence of, or a change in status of, certain hostilities or terrorist acts (currently after the outbreak of significant hostilities) involving a country in which U.S. personnel are performing certain defense services. Requires such report to include: (1) the country's identity; (2) a description of such hostilities or terrorist acts; (3) the number of U.S. armed forces and civilians who may be endangered (currently the report must also include their location, the nature of their activities, and the likelihood of their becoming endangered).
Authorizes the President to reduce or waive certain charges and costs involved in producing defense articles and equipment which would advance standardization of U.S. armed forces with the armed forces of Japan, Australia, or New Zealand.
Authorizes appropriations for fiscal years 1982 and 1983 for the foreign military sales credit and guarantee program.
Sets the ceiling for fiscal years 1982 and 1983 on: (1) the total amount of military sales credits; and (2) the total principal amount of loan guarantees for foreign military sales. Allots a specified amount of such credits and guaranteed loans for Israel. Allots a specified amount of such loan guarantees for Greece. Provides repayment terms for loans to specified countries under the foreign military sales loan guarantee program. Allots specified amounts of the foreign military sales credits for fiscal years 1982 and 1983 for Egypt and the Sudan.
Authorizes using specified funds in fiscal years 1982 and 1983 to finance Israeli procurement of defense articles and services. Releases Israel from the duty to repay a specified amount.
Repeals the ceiling on commercial arms export sales.
Directs the President to review periodically the items on the U.S. Munitions list.
Directs the Secretary of Defense to establish a Special Defense Acquisition Fund to finance the acquisition of defense articles and services in anticipation of their transfer to eligible foreign countries and international organizations. Sets forth the sources of the Fund's money. Limits the size of the Fund. Authorizes the use of such Fund to pay for the costs acquisition and transfer of such defense articles and services. Directs the President to report to Congress annually on acquisitions and likely procurements to be made through the Fund. Prohibits the transfer of any defense articles or services acquired by such Fund to any foreign country or international organization, unless authorized by law. Authorizes the temporary use of such defense articles and services by U.S. armed forces prior to their transfer.
Authorizes the President to lease in-stock defense articles to an eligible foreign country or international organization if: (1) the President determines there are compelling foreign policy and national security reasons for leasing rather than selling such articles; (2) the President determines the articles are not presently needed for public use; and (3) the foreign country or international organization has agreed to pay all costs incurred in leasing such articles. Limits each lease agreement to five years duration. Requires each lease to provide that the President may terminate the lease and require immediate return of the leased articles. Authorizes loans for leases of such defense articles.
Directs the President to submit a certification to Congress before entering into or renewing such a lease or loan. Authorizes the waiver of such certification if the President reports to Congress that an emergency exists. Prohibits any lease or loan of defense equipment or articles valued at or above specified amounts if Congress objects to the proposed lease or loan by adopting a concurrent resolution. Exempts from such legislative review loans or leases to NATO, any NATO member, Japan, Australia, or New Zealand. Applies laws restricting the countries or organizations in which sales may be made to leases of defense articles under this Act.
Makes the Secretary of State responsible for the supervision and general direction of such leases. Requires such leases to meet the same prerequisites for consent by the President as sales of such articles or services.
Amends the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 to require loan agreements covering defense articles to provide for restoration or replacement of loaned defense articles which are damaged, lost, or destroyed.
Amends the International Security and Development Cooperation Act of 1980 to repeal the provision relating to leasing defense property.
Amends the Arms Export Control Act to eliminate the requirement that the President report to Congress on certain leases of military property to foreign governments.
Amends the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 to authorize appropriations for fiscal years 1982 and 1983 for military assistance. Increases the ceiling on funds available to the President for military assistance to countries in emergency situations. Deletes a specified limitation on the amount of funds the President may transfer to a friendly country for military assistance.
Repeals the provision which terminated the authority to furnish military assistance to any country unless Congress specifically authorized such assistance.
Sets the limitation on additions to stockpiles of defense articles for foreign countries for fiscal years 1982 and 1983.
Eliminates the requirement of specific congressional authorization for the operation of a military assistance advisory group, military mission, or organization of U.S. military personnel in a foreign country. Authorizes the President to assign U.S. military personnel to a foreign country to perform specified functions. Limits advisory and training assistance conducted by such personnel. Expresses the sense of Congress that advising and training assistance in countries to which such personnel are assigned shall be provided by other personnel who are detailed for limited periods to perform specific tasks.
Limits to six the number of such military personnel assigned to a foreign country unless specifically authorized by Congress. Authorizes the President to waive this limitation upon reporting to Congress that U.S. interests require that more than six be assigned to carry out international security assistance programs. Authorizes specified countries to have military personnel strengths larger than six for fiscal years 1982 and 1983.
Prohibits the total number of such military personnel assigned to a foreign country from exceeding the number justified to Congress, unless the appropriate congressional committees are notified before the introduction of the additional military personnel.
Specifies the funds which will be charged with the costs of overseas management of international security assistance programs.
Retains the provisions which: (1) make the Chief of the U.S. Diplomatic Mission responsible for supervising such military personnel; and (2) restrict encouragement by U.S. diplomatic and military personnel of military equipment purchases by foreign countries.
Authorizes appropriations for fiscal years 1982 and 1983 for: (1) international military education and training; and (2) peacekeeping operations.
Limits the amount of funds which may be transferred in any fiscal year from economic support funds for peacekeeping operations.
Amends the Arms Export Control Act to prohibit issuing any letters of offer or arms export licenses or extending military sales credits or guarantees to any country that the President determines is engaged consistently in acts of intimidation or harassment against individuals in the United States. Directs the President to report such determination to Congress.
Title II: Economic Support Fund - Authorizes appropriations for fiscal years 1982 and 1983 for the Economic Support Fund. Deletes provisions relating to: (1) the use of fiscal year 1981 funds; and (2) Central American economic support. Allots a minimum amount of the authorized economic support funds for such years for Israel and Egypt on a grant basis. Authorizes making such funds available to Israel as a cash transfer. Replaces funds authorized and appropriated for Egypt and Israel in fiscal year 1981 which were reprogrammed to aid other countries. Authorizes the use of a specified amount of such funds under the famine prevention and freedom from hunger programs to build agricultural extension services in Egypt for the small farmer. Authorizes the use of a specified amount of such funds for such years for special requirements in the Middle East, if the President makes a specified report to Congress. Requires the President to report to Congress at the end of each of fiscal years 1981-1983 on the use of such funds. Expresses the sense of the Congress that the United States should finance and participate in cooperative scientific and technological projects involving Israel, Egypt, and other Middle East countries. Authorizes the use of a specified amount of economic support funds for such projects.
Deobligates all economic support funds appropriated in prior fiscal years for Syria. Expresses the sense of the Congress that specified amounts of the economic support funds should be earmarked for relief programs by nonprofit U.S. organizations in Lebanon.
Requires a minimum of two-thirds of the economic support funds available for Turkey for fiscal years 1982 and 1983 to be provided on a grant basis. Allots a specified amount of the economic support funds for each of fiscal years 1982 and 1983 for Cyprus with specified amounts earmarked for scholarships for Cypriot students in the United States.
Prohibits use of economic support funds available for fiscal years 1982 and 1983 to finance any foreign nuclear facility, unless the President certifies to Congress that it is indispensable to achievement of nonproliferation objectives.
Earmarks a specified amount of economic support funds for fiscal years 1982 and 1983 for emergency use when U.S. national interests require economic support to promote stability.
Authorizes obligating, as a special requirements fund, a specified amount of the funds appropriated for the Economic Support Fund. Requires Congress to be notified before the funds are obligated.
Allots specified amounts of the economic support funds for fiscal years 1982 and 1983 for Tunisia, Costa Rica, and Nicaragua.
Requires that a specified percentage of the funds allocated under the commodity import program be used to finance purchases of farm commodities produced in the United States.
Title III: Development Assistance - Amends the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 to authorize appropriations for fiscal years 1982 and 1983 for agricultural development programs, with a specified amount earmarked for aid to private and voluntary organizations dealing with world hunger problems.
Expresses the sense of the Congress that the United States should strongly support the efforts of developing countries to improve infant feeding practices. Authorizes spending a specified amount to help such countries establish or improve infant feeding programs. States that the Agency for International Development (AID) should fund research on the problems relating to infant feeding practices in developing countries. Directs the President to report to Congress on the: (1) actions taken by AID to promote breast feeding and to improve supplemental infant feeding practices in developing countries; (2) studies relating to such practices; and (3) reports by countries implementing the International Code of Marketing of Breast Milk Substitutes.
Authorizes appropriations for continued participation in the International Fund for Agricultural Development.
Authorizes appropriations for fiscal years 1982 and 1983 for: (1) voluntary population planning programs, with a specified percentage earmarked for the United Nations Fund for Population Activities; and (2) health programs. Prohibits using such funds for research related to abortion or voluntary sterilization.
Authorizes appropriations for fiscal years 1982 and 1983 for: (1) education and human resources development programs, with a minimum amount earmarked to finance scholarships for disadvantaged South African students; and (2) energy, private voluntary organizations, and selected development activities. Adds disaster preparedness programs to the list of programs eligible for development assistance. Earmarks certain funds for international programs that support the original goals of the United Nations Decade for Women. Authorizes using a specified minimum amount for fiscal years 1982 and 1983 to promote human rights.
Authorizes the President to assist developing countries in strengthening their capacity to protect and manage their environment and natural resources. Directs the President to take into account the environmental impact of development programs on developing countries. Requires agencies responsible for such programs to take into account: (1) an environmental impact statement for any development program significantly affecting the environment of the United States or of areas outside the jurisdiction of any country; and (2) an environmental assessment of any proposed program significantly affecting a foreign country's environment.
Expresses the concern of the Congress about the continuing loss of tropical forests in developing countries. Directs the President to consider such concerns and the recommendations of the U.S. Interagency Task Force on Tropical Forests: (1) in carrying out programs with respect to developing countries; and (2) in seeking opportunities to coordinate development and investment activities which affect such forests. Expresses the sense of the Congress that the President should instruct U.S. representatives to international organizations to urge that: (1) higher priority be given to the problems of tropical forest alteration and loss; and (2) there be improved cooperation among these organizations with respect to tropical forest activities.
Authorizes appropriations for fiscal years 1982 and 1983 for implementation of the Sahel development program. Conditions disbursement of such funds upon a finding that the foreign government will maintain an accounting system which adequately provides identification of and control over the receipt and expenditure of those funds.
Requires that at least twelve percent of the funds authorized for development assistance and disaster preparedness for fiscal years 1982-1984 be made available to private voluntary organizations. States that the President shall seek to channel not less than sixteen percent of such funds to such organizations. Prohibits such funding for a program of a private voluntary organization if the program, after a specified date, does not obtain at least twenty percent of its total annual support for its international activities from non-Federal sources. Provides for the waiver of such prohibition.
Increases and extends through fiscal year 1983 the authorization of appropriations for worldwide housing guaranty programs. Sets up a revolving fund in the Treasury for all fees derived from certain guaranty programs. Authorizes investment of such funds in U.S. obligations.
Authorizes U.S. participation in the International Food Policy Research Institute. Authorizes appropriations for fiscal years 1982 and 1983 for: (1) participation in international organizations and programs, with specified percentages of such funds earmarked for various United Nations Funds and programs; (2) trade and development programs; and (3) the African Development Foundation.
Title IV: Food for Peace Programs - Amends the Agricultural Trade Development and Assistance Act of 1954 to: (1) authorize the President to agree to sell agricultural commodities for foreign currencies on credit terms and on terms which permit conversion to dollars at the exchange rate applicable to the sales agreement; (2) eliminate the provision for the progressive transition from sales for foreign currencies to sales for dollars; (3) repeal the provision which excluded from the definition of friendly country any country or area dominated by a communist government; (4) repeal the requirement that purchasing countries identify food commodities sold for foreign currencies as being provided through U.S. generosity; (5) authorize the President to use for specified purposes the foreign currencies which accrue from such sales entered into before a specified date (currently in connection with such sales); and (6) require payments by friendly countries for commodities purchased for foreign currencies to be upon terms no less favorable to the United States than those for development loans. Repeals provisions which: (1) authorize the financing of the ocean transportation costs for such sales; and (2) require a minimum allocation of foreign currencies for self-help measures. Increases the maximum amount of such foreign currencies which may be used for emergency relief requirements rather than for commodities. Directs the President to consider, before agreeing to sell U.S. agricultural commodities, to what extent a recipient country is using self-help measures to reduce illiteracy among farmers and to improve farmers' health. Requires each such agreement to describe the economic development and self-help measures extensively and in a manner which ensures that the country's needy people will be the major beneficiaries of the self-help measures. Directs the President to ensure that the self-help provisions are additional to measures that would otherwise be undertaken and to determine whether such provisions are being fully carried out. Decreases the minimum quantity of agricultural commodities which must be distributed through nonprofit voluntary agencies and the World Food Program for famine relief in fiscal year 1982.
Title V: Other Assistance Programs - Authorizes appropriations for fiscal years 1982 and 1983 for: (1) American schools and hospitals abroad; (2) international narcotics control; (3) international disaster assistance; and (4) assistance for displaced persons in Central America.
Deletes the prohibition against the use of international narcotics control funds to pay for herbicide spraying to eradicate marihuana. Directs the Secretary of State to inform the Secretary of Health and Human Services if herbicide is going to be used on marihuana. Directs the Secretary of Health and Human Services to monitor the impact on marihuana users of such herbicide spraying and to report to Congress if such users are exposed to harmful amounts of herbicide. Urges the President to spend at least a specified amount to develop a substance that warns marihuana users that marihuana has been sprayed with a harmful herbicide. Requires such a substance, if developed, to be used with the herbicide.
Deletes specified limitations that previously applied to using narcotics control funds appropriated for fiscal year 1980 and obligated for Colombia.
Directs the President to report to Congress on U.S. policy for establishing an international strategy to prevent narcotics trafficking.
Authorizes the President to furnish assistance for resettling Haitians in Belize.
Title VI: Peace Corps - Amends the Peace Corps Act to establish the Peace Corps as an independent agency within the executive branch.
Transfers to the Director of the Peace Corps all functions relating to the Peace Corps which were vested in the Director of the ACTION agency. Provides for the transfer of personnel, contracts, property records, and funds used primarily by the Peace Corps to the Peace Corps. Prohibits the transfer of personnel from causing a loss of employee benefits for such personnel for a specified period of time. Requires transferred personnel to be assigned to functions and units related to their assignments before enactment. Requires collective bargaining agreements covering Peace Corps personnel or transferred personnel to continue to be recognized by the Peace Corps.
Requires each person employed primarily in connection with any function relating to the Peace Corps who does not hold a Foreign Service appointment to be appointed a member of the Foreign Service, except that: (1) for three years no person currently holding a career or career-conditional appointment shall be appointed a member of the Foreign Service without such person's consent; and (2) each transferred person who held an appointment below a specified grade level shall be appointed a member of the Foreign Service for the duration of operations under the Peace Corps Act (thus, not subject to such Act's five-year appointment limitation).
Authorizes the President to delegate the authority to carry out the Peace Corps Act only to the Director of the Peace Corps. Amends such Act to delete certain provisions relating to readjustment allowance payments to Peace Corps volunteers.
Requires the Director of the Office of Management and Budget and the Comptroller General to submit reports to the appropriate congressional committees on the implementation of this Act.
Authorizes appropriations for the Peace Corps for fiscal years 1982 and 1983.
Requires the Peace Corps to give particular attention to programs which tend to integrate disabled people into developing countries' national economies.
Authorizes the Director of the Peace Corps to procure legal services under certain conditions.
Applies the malpractice protection currently covering State Department personnel to Peace Corps volunteers and personnel. Removes present malpractice protection for Peace Corps volunteers. Removes the applicability of the Mutual Defense Control Act of 1951 to the functions of the Peace Corps.
Title VII: Miscellaneous Provisions - Amends the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 to require property already owned by a Federal agency to be used in furnishing international development assistance in lieu of or supplementary to purchasing new items.
Makes permanent the exemption from limitations on U.S. assistance for construction of productive enterprises in Egypt.
Provides for compensation of Federal agency employees assigned to work outside the United States.
Sets forth the material which must be contained in a notification to Congress of changes in foreign assistance programs if the changes involve costs above a specified amount.
Amends the Inspector General Act of 1978 to establish in the Agency for International Development (AID) an office of Inspector General. Directs the Inspector General of such Agency to supervise all security activities relating to AID operations and to supervise all audit, investigative, and security activities relating to operations within the U.S. International Development Cooperation Agency to the extent requested by the Director of such Agency. Directs the Inspector General of AID to appoint an Assistant Inspector General for security.
Authorizes the Inspector General of AID to assign members of the Foreign Service as employees of the Inspector General. Exempts AID from specified overseas personnel ceilings. Repeals the provision requiring the appointment of an Auditor General for the international development program.
Authorizes appropriations for fiscal years 1982 and 1983 for the operating expenses of administering the international development program.
Urges the President to use existing authorities to provide Poland with feed grains under as favorable terms as possible. Encourages the President to enter multilateral discussions on methods of aiding Poland's economic recovery. Earmarks a specified amount for use by Poland to purchase food and medical supplies.
Directs the President to use the currencies or credits received from Poland from the sale of surplus dairy products to serve U.S. interests in Poland.
Declares that eliminating hunger shall be a primary objective of U.S. relations with developing countries. Directs the President to: (1) encourage other grain exporting countries to establish food security reserves; and (2) report to Congress on the actions taken by the President and the response of other countries.
Reaffirms congressional support for human rights provisions. Expresses the sense of the Congress that a strong commitment to defending human rights should continue to be a central feature of U.S. foreign policy.
Grants the approval necessary for the issuance of immigrant visas to persons from Taiwan.
Expresses the sense of the Congress that the United States should continue to support diplomatic efforts to resolve the crisis in Lebanon and to pursue a policy in Lebanon guided by specified principles.
Condemns the use of or the provision of chemical agents and toxin weapons against the peoples of Laos, Kampuchea, or Afghanistan. States that the President, through diplomatic agents, should seek to end actions by any party or government using or providing such materials against such peoples. Urges the President to: (1) allocate the highest possible priority to clarify the nature and origins of the chemical agents and toxin weapons being used; and (2) seek a satisfactory explanation from the Soviet Union regarding the strong evidence of its role in using or providing such weapons.
Reiterates the concern of Congress over the failure of the Soviet Union to respond adequately to requests for data explaining a recent outbreak of pulmonary anthrax in the Soviet Union. States that negotiation of a treaty prohibiting the development, production and stockpiling of chemical weapons should be given a high priority.
Expresses the sense of the Congress that the President should, through diplomatic means, try to obtain payment by the Soviet Union of its debts to the United Nations.
Condemns Libya for its support for international terrorism, its efforts to obstruct a peaceful resolution in the Middle East, and its actions to destabilize neighboring African countries. States that the President should report to Congress on steps the United States and its allies could take to pressure Libya to cease such activities.
States that the United States should ensure that no U.S. citizen is acting in the service of terrorism. Directs the President to report to Congress on the legislative and administrative means available to prevent participation by U.S. citizens in international terrorism.
Directs the President to consider, before deciding on providing foreign aid to a country, whether that country has dissociated itself from the communique issued after the 1981 Meeting of the Ministers of Foreign Affairs and Heads of Delegations of the Non-Aligned Countries to the U.N. General Assembly. Directs the President to report to Congress on the countries that have dissociated themselves from the communique.
Expresses the sense of Congress that up to $15,000,000 of international development funds should be made available for development assistance for Haiti. States that the development assistance for Haiti for fiscal year 1982 should be provided through private and voluntary organizations to the maximum extent possible. Authorizes funding for development assistance, military assistance, military education and training, and arms credits and guarantees for fiscal year 1982 for Haiti only if the President determines that Haiti's government: (1) has cooperated in halting illegal emigration from Haiti; (2) has not supported such illegal emigration; (3) has provided assurances that it will cooperate in implementing U.S. development assistance programs in Haiti; and (4) is not engaged in a consistent pattern of gross violations of internationally recognized human rights. Directs the President to report to Congress each six months on the extent to which Haiti's actions are consistent with such determinations.
Expresses the sense of the Congress that plans for future foreign assistance programs should be reviewed. Requests the President to report to Congress on the President's approach to foreign assistance. Requires such report to include an analysis of specified issues.
Directs the President to report to Congress on the economic conditions prevailing in Egypt, Israel, and Turkey that may affect their ability to meet their international debts and to stabilize their economies.
Directs the President to consider, in furnishing assistance to Nicaragua, the extent to which Nicaragua has engaged in violations of internationally recognized human rights and the extent to which it has fulfilled a specified pledge to the Organization of American States. Requires aid to Nicaragua to be ended if the President reports to Congress that: (1) Nicaragua cooperates with or harbors international terrorists; (2) Nicaragua supports terrorism in other countries; or (3) foreign military forces are stationed in Nicaragua and such forces threaten U.S. national security or the national security of a Latin American ally of the United States. Requires that any agreement between the United States and Nicaragua regarding loans under this Act shall provide for the loans to be used to help the private sector. Directs the President to submit a report to Congress accounting for the funds obligated and spent in Nicaragua.
Repeals the prohibition against assistance and arms sales to Argentina. Authorizes the provision of military assistance, economic assistance, arms sales credits, and export licenses only if the President certifies to the Speaker of the House and the Chairman of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee that Argentina has made significant progress in complying with internationally recognized human rights principles and that the provision of such assistance is in the interest of the United States. Welcomes Argentina's actions to adjudicate the cases of those detained by the Government. Expresses the hope that progress will continue especially with regard to: (1) those Argentinians listed as disappeared who have died; and (2) those prisoners who have neither been released nor tried.
Amends the International Security Assistance and Arms Export Control Act of 1976 to repeal the limitations on assistance, sales, and sales credits to Chile.
Directs the President to report to Congress before furnishing certain economic and military aid to Chile under the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 and the Arms Export Control Act. Requires such report to certify that: (1) Chile has made significant progress in complying with internationally recognized principles of human rights; (2) the provision of such assistance is in the U.S. national interest; and (3) Chile is not aiding or abetting international terrorism and has taken steps to bring to justice those persons indicted by a U.S. grand jury for the murders of Orlando Letelier and Ronnie Moffitt.
Expresses the sense of Congress that assistance furnished to El Salvador should be used to encourage: (1) observance of internationally recognized human rights; (2) continued progress in implementing essential economic and political reforms; (3) an investigation of the deaths in El Salvador of U.S. citizens; (4) an end to extremist violence; (5) free elections; and (6) increased professional capability of the Salvadoran military to establish a peaceful and secure environment.
Declares that it should be U.S. policy to support El Salvador in the implementation of land and banking reforms. Welcomes the efforts of El Salvador's government to establish greater control over the armed forces. Supports holding free elections at the earliest possible date.
Authorizes obligating funds for military and economic assistance for El Salvador only if prior to each grant of assistance the President certifies to Congress that El Salvador's government is: (1) making a significant effort to comply with internationally recognized human rights; (2) achieving substantial control over its armed forces; (3) making progress in implementing essential economic and political reforms; and (4) committed to holding free elections and has demonstrated its willingness to negotiate a political resolution of the conflict. Requires the President, upon making such certification, to certify to Congress that El Salvador has made good faith efforts to investigate the murders of six Americans and to bring those responsible to justice.
Directs the President, if such certification is not made, to: (1) suspend specified military assistance and training for El Salvador; (2) withhold approvals for use of certain credits and guarantees for El Salvador; (3) suspend deliveries of certain defense articles and services and design and construction services; and (4) withdraw from El Salvador all U.S. armed forces performing specified functions.
Directs the President to report to Congress on the viewpoints of: (1) all major parties to the conflict in El Salvador and of their interest in a political settlement; and (2) certain other nations on a negotiated settlement.
Directs the President, through appropriate means, to consult with representatives of the parties to the Salvadoran conflict, democratic governments of Latin America, and other governments regarding a settlement of the conflict.
Prohibits using funds authorized by this Act for aid to El Salvador for planning for compensation or compensation for the confiscation, nationalization, acquisition, or expropriation of farms or banks.
Expresses the sense of the Congress that petitions for extended voluntary departure by Salvadorans should continue to be reviewed on a case-by-case basis. States that the reviewers should consider the civil strife in El Salvador in deciding on such petitions.
Amends the Arms Export Control Act to consolidate reports required under such Act within the President's annual estimate and justification for arms sales.
Amends the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 to consolidate within the President's annual report to Congress on foreign assistance various reports which are currently required.
Repeals specified provisions of the following Acts: (1) Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 (including prohibitions against foreign assistance to Communist dominated or controlled countries and against assistance to countries preparing for aggressive military efforts); (2) International Development Cooperation Act of 1980 (including restriction on aid to El Salvador); (3) International Development Cooperation Act of 1979; (4) Special International Security Assistance Act of 1979; (5) International Development and Food Assistance Acts of 1975, 1977, and 1978; (6) Foreign Assistance Acts of 1973 and 1974; (7) Arms Export Control Act; (8) International Security Assistance Acts of 1977, 1978, and 1979; (9) International Security Assistance and Arms Export Control Act of 1976; and (10) Foreign Military Sales Act Amendments.
Directs the President to include beginning in fiscal year 1983 in the President's annual report to Congress on foreign assistance a classified report describing the nuclear programs and related activities of countries which received a waiver under the laws relating to transfers of nuclear enrichment materials.
Amends the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 to reaffirm the U.S. commitment made in an agreement with Pakistan relating to communist aggression. Requires security assistance to be made available to Pakistan to deal with the threat to its security posed by the Soviet presence in Afghanistan. Authorizes the President, during a specified time, to waive the prohibitions contained in provisions relating to the transfer or receipt of nuclear material in order to provide aid to Pakistan.
Makes ineffective any Presidential authorization of aid to a country that would otherwise be prohibited because of transfers of nuclear material, if Congress adopts a concurrent resolution disapproving furnishing such aid.
Reformulates the limitations on nuclear reprocessing tranfers, transfers of nuclear explosive devices, and nuclear detonations. Prohibits U.S. aid to countries which deliver or receive nuclear reprocessing equipment, materials, or technology unless the transfer is associated with the search for alternatives to pure plutonium reprocessing. Authorizes the President to furnish U.S. aid to such a country if the President certifies to Congress that ending such aid would be seriously prejudicial to the achievement of U.S. nonproliferation objectives or would otherwise jeopardize the common defense and security. Makes such certification ineffective if Congress adopts a concurrent resolution disapproving of furnishing such assistance.
Prohibits providing military or economic assistance, unless there is such a Presidential certification, to countries which transfer a nuclear explosive device to a non-nuclear weapon state. Prohibits such aid to a non-nuclear weapon state that receives or detonates a nuclear explosive device.
Authorizes the President to continue U.S. aid to such countries for a limited time if the President, before furnishing such aid, certifies to Congress that an immediate termination of aid would be detrimental to U.S. national security. Authorizes the President to waive such prohibition if Congress enacts a joint resolution authorizing such waiver.