Summary: S.2420 — 97th Congress (1981-1982)All Information (Except Text)

Bill summaries are authored by CRS.

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Senate agreed to House amendment with amendment (10/01/1982)

(Senate agreed to House amendment with an amendment)

Victim and Witness Protection Act of 1982 - Amends rule 32 of the Federal Rules of Criminal Procedure to require that presentence reports contain: (1) information concerning any harm or loss suffered by the victim; (2) information that may aid the court in sentencing; (3) a statement of the circumstances of the commission of the offense; and (4) any prior criminal record of the defendant.

Amends the Federal criminal code to establish as offenses, "tampering with a witness or an informant," and "retaliating against a witness or an informant."

Authorizes the Attorney General to initiate civil proceedings to restrain any harrassment of a victim or witness.

Authorizes a sentencing court to order the defendant to make restitution. Requires the court to state for the record the reasons for not ordering restitution. Prescribes a procedure for the issuance of restitution orders.

Directs the Attorney General to develop Federal guidelines for the fair treatment of crime victims and witnesses.

Requires the Attorney General to consider certain objectives in preparing the guidelines, including: (1) ensuring that victims receive prompt social and medical services; (2) giving victims and witnesses notice of important criminal justice proceedings and scheduling changes; (3) arranging for the prosecution to obtain the nonbinding views of victims of serious crimes during such stages as plea bargaining and pretrial release; (4) encouraging employers to continue to pay victims and witnesses for work absences to assist investigations and prosecutions; (5) training law enforcement personnel in victim assistance; (6) informing victims or witnesses on legal steps for protection from intimidation.

Directs the Attorney General to recommend to Congress any laws that are necessary to ensure that no Federal felon derives any profit from the sale of his or her story until any victim of the offense receives restitution.

Amends the Bail Reform Act of 1966 to require as a condition of pretrial release that the defendant not commit certain offenses.