Summary: S.951 — 97th Congress (1981-1982)All Information (Except Text)

Bill summaries are authored by CRS.

Shown Here:
Passed Senate amended (03/02/1982)

(Measure passed Senate, amended, roll call #39 (57-37))

Department of Justice Appropriation Authorization Act, Fiscal Year 1982 - Neighborhood School Act of 1982 - Prohibits a Federal court from ordering the assignment or transportation of any student to a public school other than the one closest to the student's residence unless: (1) the student's attendance at a school, including a magnet or specialized school, is voluntary; and (2) the requirement of such transportation is reasonable.

Enumerates circumstances where an assignment or transportation is not reasonable, including if: (1) there are reasonable alternatives; (2) the plan is likely to have a net harmful effect on the quality of education or result in greater racial imbalance; or (3) the total daily distance traveled exceeds ten miles or the total daily time exceeds 30 minutes.

Authorizes the Attorney General to institute a civil action in Federal court (which shall have jurisdiction for this purpose) to seek appropriate relief upon complaint of an individual or parent that such individual has been required to attend a school in violation of this Act.

Expresses the sense of the Senate that the Senate Judiciary Committee report before the Senate's August recess legislation permanently limiting the ability of the Federal courts to require public school student transportation.

Authorizes appropriations for fiscal year 1982 to the Department of Justice for: (1) general administration, including financial assistance to joint State and local law enforcement agencies with respect to drug related offenses and organized crime; (2) the United States Parole Commission; (3) general legal activities; (4) the Foreign Claims Settlement Commission; (5) United States Attorneys, Marshals, and Trustees; (6) support of U.S. prisoners in non-Federal institutions; (7) fees and expenses of witnesses, including contracting for expert witnesses; (8) the Community Relations Service; (9) the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI), including classification of arson as a part I crime in its Uniform Crime Reports and automated data processing and telecommunications; (10) the Immigration and Naturalization Service (INS); (11) the Drug Enforcement Administration, including activities under the Controlled Substances Act and positions for State and Local Task Forces to coordinate enforcement of drug investigations; and (12) the Federal Prison System.

Prohibits the use of funds to maintain any sort of action requiring the transportation of any student to a school other than the one closest to the student's home, except for a student requiring special education as a result of mental or physical handicap.

States that the Department shall not be prevented from participating in any proceeding to remove or reduce a busing requirement in existing court decrees.

Authorizes the Drug Enforcement Administration to set aside 25 percent of the amount realized from the forfeiture of seized assets for compensating informers with respect to such forfeitures.

Eliminates the U.S. trustees program.

Amends the Immigration and Nationality Act to subject the overtime treatment of Immigration and Naturalization Service employees for inspection duties to the general government overtime rates and provisions.