Summary: H.R.2355 — 98th Congress (1983-1984)All Information (Except Text)

Bill summaries are authored by CRS.

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House agreed to Senate amendment with amendment (08/02/1983)

(House agreed to Senate amendments with amendments)

Emergency Veterans' Job Training Act of 1983 - Establishes a program of incentives for employers to hire and train certain wartime veterans who have been unemployed for long periods of time. Directs the Administrator of Veterans Affairs and the Secretary of Labor to carry out this program through payments to employers to help defray training costs.

Entitles to this assistance any veteran who: (1) is unemployed and has been unemployed for at least 15 of the previous 20 weeks; and (2) actively served for at least 180 days during the Korean conflict or the Vietnam era or was discharged therefrom for a service- connected disability.

Requires veterans wishing to participate in this program to apply to the Administrator, certifying their unemployment and eligibility. Permits the Administrator to withhold approval from an otherwise eligible veteran because of limited funds. Requires the Administrator to certify eligible veterans to employers offering training programs. States that such certification shall expire after 60 days.

Requires training programs to provide training for not less than six months in an occupation in a growth industry, one using new technological skills, or one in which demand exceeds supply. Permits briefer training periods as specified. Limits training assistance to nine months except in the case of certain disabled veterans who may receive 15 months of assistance.

Prohibits assistance for training in: (1) seasonal, intermittent, or temporary jobs; (2) employment where commissions are the main source of income; (3) employment involving religious or political activities; (4) employment in the Federal Government; or (5) a program not to be carried out in the United States.

Requires employers wishing to participate in this program to apply to the Administrator certifying that: (1) a position for which the veteran is training is likely to be available at the end of the training period; (2) wages and benefits will be comparable to those received by other employee/trainees; and (3) currently employed workers will not be displaced as a result of this program. Specifies additional requirements, including the objectives, content, hours and conditions of the training.

Directs the Administrator to make quarterly payments to an employer of a participating veteran. Sets the total payment level at 50 percent of the wages, up to $10,000. Requires as a condition of payment a certification from both the veteran/employee and the employer concerning the training and its satisfactory progress.

Prohibits the Secretary from continuing payments when the progress of conduct of the veteran is unsatisfactory or when the program of training or the employer's certification is faulty in a material respect. Entitles the United States to recover any overpayments from either the veteran or the employer, depending upon culpability.

Permits the Administrator to withhold approval of a veteran's entry into an approved program if the funds are not available. Requires an employer to notify the Administrator whenever a veteran is about to enter into approved job training. Permits an employer to enter into an agreement with an educational institution for such institution to provide all or a portion of a program of job training.

Permits the Administrator to disapprove further participation by veterans in a previously approved but later disapproved program. Provides notice and hearing opportunities.

Sets forth recordkeeping and inspection requirements.

Permits the Administrator to agree with the Secretary of Labor for the Secretary to take over the monitoring of employers and veterans participating in this program.

Prohibits a veteran from participating in this and other educational or vocational assistance programs of the Federal Government at the same time.

Permits the Administrator and Secretary to provide employment counseling services to participating veterans. Directs both to conduct a joint outreach and public information program to inform eligible veterans and industry and business. Directs the Secretary to use the services of State and Assistant State Directors for Veterans' Employment in such outreach efforts, as well as the resources available under the Job Training Partnership Act.

Directs the Secretary to obtain a listing of small business concerns from the Administrator of the Small Business Administration.

Authorizes appropriations for FY 1984 and 1985.

Terminates this program after FY 1984 for initial veterans' applications and after Devember 31, 1984 for any program commencement. Extends such periods if funds are not appropriated or made available prior to FY 1984.

Provides an extended period in which to complete a program of education under veterans' educational assistance provisions for associated degree programs which are primarily vocational in nature. Limits the amount of appropriations for FY 1984 and 1985 which may be used for such assistance.