Summary: H.R.2915 — 98th Congress (1983-1984)All Information (Except Text)

Bill summaries are authored by CRS.

Shown Here:
Conference report filed in House (11/17/1983)

(Conference report filed in House, H. Rept. 98-563)

Title I: Department of State - Department of State Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 1984 and 1985 - Authorizes appropriations for the Department of State for FY 1984 and 1985 for: (1) administration of foreign affairs; (2) international organizations and conferences; (3) international commissions; (4) migration and refugee assistance; and (5) Bilateral Science and Technology Agreements.

Authorizes appropriations for FY 1984 to build additional consular facilities and for certain improvements in existing consular facilities at the U.S. Embassy in Mexico City, Mexico.

Directs the Secretary of State to allocate funds for 73 additional positions for political and economic reporting and 11 additional positions for international communications and information policy.

Earmarks specified amounts of the funds authorized for the administration of foreign affairs for: (1) funding new positions overseas for political and economic reporting; (2) expenses related to an alternative communications center for the State Department; (3) the United States National Commission to the United Nations Education, Scientific and Cultural Organization; (4) the Coordinating Committee on Export Controls; and (5) U.S. contribution to the World Heritage Trust Fund.

Authorizes appropriations for FY 1984 to meet the expenses incurred by the U.S. group in hosting the North Atlantic Assembly. Earmarks a specified amount of such funds to meet the expenses incurred in hosting the 1984 meeting of the British-American Parliamentary Group. Earmarks additional appropriations for FY 1984 and 1985 for international organizations and conferences for expenses of U.S. participation in interparliamentary groups such as the U.S. European Community Interparliamentary Group.

Earmarks a specified amount of the funds authorized by this Act for migration and refugee assistance to combat piracy in the Gulf of Thailand.

Earmarks specified amounts of the funds authorized for migration and refugee assistance for FY 1984 for Lebanon and El Salvador.

Increases the percentage of the expenses of the International Bureau of Intellectual Property which the Secretary of State is authorized to pay from funds authorized for international organizations and conferences.

Limits the amounts of funds which shall be used to make assessed payments to the United Nations, UNESCO, the World Health Organization, the Food and Agriculture Organization, and the International Labor Organization to the aggregate amount of 1983 U.S. assessed contributions to such organizations.

Limits the amount of any U.S. payment to the United Nations budget or to the budget of any specialized U.N. agency to an amount assessed as the U.S. contribution less 25 percent of the amount budgeted for projects whose primary purpose is to provide benefits to the Palestine Liberation Organization or to the South West Africa People's Organization. Directs the President to report annually to Congress on any such project.

Declares that the United States shall suspend its participation in and withhold payments to the United Nations or any U.N. agency that illegally expels Israel or otherwise denies Israel its right to participate.

Expresses the sense of the Congress that: (1) the United States should review its participation in the United Nations; and (2) the President should report on such review to Congress by June 30, 1984.

Requires the Secretary of State to report annually to Congress on the foreign policies of other countries as reflected by their activities in international organizations.

Directs the President to try to ensure that the 1985 Conference to commemorate the conclusion of the United Nations Decade for Women is not dominated by political issues extraneous to the goals of the Conference that would jeopardize U.S. support for that Conference. Directs the President to report to Congress concerning the Conference.

Urges the President to encourage: (1) Government-wide participation in implementing the recommendations of the United Nations World Assembly on Aging and in planning for the scheduled 1985 review by the United Nations of the implementation of the Vienna International Plan of Action on Aging; (2) the exchange of information and the promotion of research on aging among the States, the Government, international organizations, and other nations; and (3) greater private sector involvement in responding to the concerns of the aging. Urges the President to inform developing nations that the United States recognizes aging as an important issue requiring national attention.

Amends the International Organizations Immunities Act to extend privileges and immunities to the European Space Agency.

Amends the State Department Basic Authorities Act of 1956 to authorize the Secretary of State to allocate to any Federal agency funds appropriated to the State Department for expenditure in accordance with the authority granted in this Act or under authority governing the activities of such agency.

Amends the State Department Basic Authorities Act of 1956 to limit the activities for which the Secretary of State is authorized to make emergency expenditures. Directs the Inspector General to conduct an annual confidential audit of the State Department's emergency expenditures and to report to Congress on whether such expenditures were made according to the intent of the basic authority. Lists requirements for the repatriation loan program.

Prohibits specified types of reprograming of State Department funds unless the House Foreign Affairs and the Senate Foreign Relations Committees are notified 15 days before the proposed reprograming.

Directs the Secretary to assign responsibility for international communications and information policy matters wihin the Department to an appropriate Under Secretary of State. Directs the Secretary to establish within the State Department an Office of the Coordinator for International Communications and Information Policy. Requires the Coordinator to be responsible to the Under Secretary. Sets forth the duties of the Coordinator.

Provides that the Counselor of the Department of State shall be compensated at the rate of Level III rather than Level IV of the Executive Schedule.

Amends the Foreign Service Act of 1980 to authorize training and instruction at the Foreign Service Institute for not more than 60 citizens of the Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands.

Provides for a benefit funds for foreign national employees of the State Department. Deletes the provision dealing with the payment of illness and burial expenses for Federal employees who are citizens of foreign countries. Sets forth the method of determining retirement benefits of certain foreign service officers.

Amends the Foreign Service Act of 1980 to authorize a member of the Foreign Service residing outside the United States to vote in the State in which the member was last domiciled immediately before entering the Service if specified conditions are met.

Directs the Secretary of State, in conjunction with the heads of the other agencies using the Foreign Service personnel system, to insure that Foreign Service officers of all agencies are able to compete for chief of mission positions and have opportunities on an equal basis to compete for assignments outside their areas of specialization.

Requires the Secretary of State to report to Congress on the policies and procedures adopted to ensure such opportunities.

Declares that the presence of nonessential personnel or dependents shall not preclude payment of danger pay to Federal employees serving under dangerous conditions. Requires the Secretary of State to inform the Congress whenever danger pay is initiated or terminated.

Extends for one year the period of time during which certain Foreign Service personnel may be converted to Civil Service personnel.

Expresses the concern of the Congress about the delays in the publication of the State Department's series of historical volumes, "The Foreign Relations of the United States." Directs the Historian of the Department of State to report to Congress on the reasons for the delays and on the steps that would be required to reach the goal of publishing within 25 years of the events.

Repeals the prohibition against U.S. diplomatic relations with the Vatican.

Prohibits international commissions from using the funds authorized by this Act for such commissions for FY 1984 and 1985 for herbicides containing dioxin compounds. Provides that funds appropriated for the use of a herbicide by an international commission shall not be available unless specific congressional committees and the Governors of the affected border States are notified 45 days in advance of such use.

Amends the Foreign Service Buildings Act of 1926 to limit eligibility for contracts to build, alter, or repair foreign service buildings abroad which are worth more than $5,000,000 to: (1) American-owned bidders; and (2) bidders from countries which permit substantially equal access to American bidders for comparable diplomatic and consular building projects, except that host-country bidders may participate if required by international agreement, by the law of the host country, or if the Secretary of State determines it is necessary. Gives American-owned bidders a ten percent preference. Sets forth the method of determining whether the competition for the contract is sufficient. Requires the bidder to establish nationality of ownership. Limits eligibility for contracts to build, alter, or repair U.S. foreign service buildings within the United States to: (1) American-owned bidders; (2) bidders from countries which permit substantially equal access to American bidders for comparable diplomatic and consular building projects; or (3) nationals of the country for which the contract is being performed.

Requires a report to be made to the Senate Foreign Relations Committee and the House Foreign Affairs Committee concerning the extent to which the United States has received the foreign government authorization to reopen certain U.S. consulates.

Title II: United States Information Agency -United States Information Agency Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 1984 and 1985 - Authorizes appropriations for the USIA for FY 1984 and 1985. Earmarks a specified amount of the funds authorized for FY 1984 for the acquisition and construction of radio facilities. Earmarks a specified amount of the funds authorized for FY 1985 for modernization of the facilities and operations of the Voice of America. Earmarks specified amounts for FY 1984 and 1985 in order for the USIA to employ 20 more professional internal auditors than it did in FY 1983.

Earmarks specified amounts of the funds appropriated for the USIA for FY 1984 and 1985 for: (1) the National Endowment for Democracy; (2) the Fulbright Academic Exchange Programs; (3) International Visitor Program; and (4) Humphrey Fellowship Program.

Prohibits using Private Sector Program funds to pay for foreign travel by any U.S. citizen who in the last five years has made two or more trips financed by the Program. Excludes from such prohibition escort interpreters, artists accompanying exhibitions, persons engaging in theatrical or musicial performances or staff members of certain recipient organizations. Authorizes the Director of the Bureau of Educational and Cultural Affairs to waive this limitation if the foreign travel is essential to the successful completion of the grant program and the Director certifies to Congress that the travel is essential at least 15 days before the beginning of the travel. Requires the Director to submit to Congress a report listing all individuals who in the preceding five years have made two or more foreign trips financed by the Private Sector Program.

Authorizes the USIA to make grants from Private Sector Program funds to youth and youth service organizations to promote participation in International Youth Year activities. Directs the Secretary of State to ensure that any organization designated the official U.S. Commission for United States participation in International Youth Year meets the following criteria: (1) the membership of such organization is open to all major youth and youth service organizations: (2) the organizations's charter provides that it will have full financial responsibility for its own assets, receipts, and expenditures; and (3) the Governing Board reflects the membership of the constituent organizations. Prohibits funding organizations to plan for U.S. participation in International Youth Year if the organizations do not meet such criteria.

Prohibits using any of the funds authorized under this title for lobbying or propaganda which is directed to influence Federal, State, or local public policy decisions.

Limits the amount available to the USIA for FY 1984 and 1985 for domestic representation and entertainment expenses.

Authorizes appropriations for the USIA for FY 1984 and 1985 to carry out a United States-German teenage exchange sponsored by the Congress and the West German Bundestag.

Authorizes appropriations for the USIA for FY 1984 for use in connection with the Tsukuba, Japan Exposition 1985.

Amends the Mutual Education and Cultural Exchange Act of 1961 to establish in the USIA or other appropriate agency a Bureau of Educational and Cultural Affairs to coordinate and oversee programs established pursuant to such Act and administered by the USIA.

Requires that all programs under the authority of the Bureau: (1) maintain their nonpolitical character; (2) be representative of the diversity of American political, social, and cultural life; and (3) maintain their scholarly integrity.

Amends the United States Information and Educational Exchange Act of 1948 to prohibit specified types of reprograming of USIA funds unless the House Foreign Affairs and the Senate Foreign Relations Committees are notified 15 days before the proposed reprograming. Authorizes the USIA to award program grants for FY 1984 and 1985 only if those committees are notified 15 days in advance of the proposed grant.

Amends the United Nations Participation Act of 1945 to authorize supplemental living allowances for up to five USIA personnel stationed in New York City.

Directs the Administrator of General Services to provide for the distribution within the United States of the U.S.I.A. film "Thanksgiving in Peshawar."

Amends the United States Information and Educational Exchange Act of 1948 to authorize the Director of USIA to lease radio facilities for 25 years (currently 10 years).

Title III: Board for International Broadcasting - Board for International Broadcasting Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 1983, 1984, and 1985 - Amends the Board for International Broadcasting Act of 1973 to authorize appropriations for FY 1983, 1984, and 1985.

Requires that gains made in amounts appropriated for international broadcasting because of currency fluctuations shall be merged with and made available for the operating losses of Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty, Incorporated, (RFE/RL) caused by currency fluctuations.

Authorizes the Board to make available a specified amount appropriated by the Supplemental Appropriations Act, 1983, to enhance: (1) the pensions and cost-of-living adjustments for certain individuals who retired from RFE/RL before January 1, 1976; and (2) the survivors' benefits for survivors of such individuals.

Limits the salary of the RFE/RL President to the rate payable for level IV of the Executive Schedules.

Expresses the sense of the Congress that RFE/RL and the Voice of America are to be commended for their coverage of religious persecution in the Soviet Union and are encouraged to intensify their efforts in this regard.

Prohibits using the funds authorized by this Act for the Board for International Broadcasting unless: (1) the Estonian, Latvian, and Lithuanian radio services of RFE/RL are organized as a separate division within Radio Liberty; and (2) they begin broadcasts under a name which would accurately reflect U.S. policy of not recognizing the illegal incorporation of Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania into the Soviet Union.

Expresses the sense of the Congress that the President should urge the Soviet Union to terminate its jamming of broadcasts of the Voice of America and RFE/RL

Title IV: The Asia Foundation - Asia Foundation Act - Authorizes appropriations: for the Secretary of State to make grants to the Asia Foundation in each of FY 1984 and 1985.

Title V: National Endowment for Democracy - National Endowment for Democracy Act - Requires the Director of the USIA and the Secretary of Labor to make grants to the National Endowment for Democracy. Requires such grants to be made pursuant to grant agreements which require grant funds to be used for activities which are consistent with the purposes of the Endowment. Allocate funds from the Endowment for each of FY 1984 and 1985 for: (1) the Free Trade Union Institute; and (2) the private enterprise development programs of the National Chamber Foundation.

Sets forth the requirements which the Endowment must meet in order for grants to be made to the Endowment.

Title VI: Foreign Missions Amendments Act of 1983 - Foreign Missions Amendments Act of 1983 - Amends the Diplomatic Relations Act to authorize the Director of the Office of Foreign Missions to establish and enforce the liability insurance requirements for persons connected with foreign missions in the United States.

Amends the State Department Basic Authorities Act of 1956 to require the head of a foreign mission to notify the Director of the lapse or termination of any liability insurance coverage held by certain persons connected with the foreign mission. Requires the head of each foreign mission to transmit to the Director a report listing the motor vehicles, vessels, and aircraft registered in the United States by such persons. Sets forth the information to be included in such list.

Requires the Director to impose a surcharge or fee on a foreign mission whenever the Director finds that a member of a foreign mission, a member of the family of such member, or an individual described in section 19 of the Convention on Privileges and Immunities of the United Nations: (1) is at fault for personal injury, death, or property damage arising out of the operation of a motor vehicle, vessel, or aircraft in the United States; (2) is not covered by liability insurance; and (3) has not satisfied a court-rendered judgement or the person is not legally liable. Requires the fee shall be available only for compensation to the victim or the victim's estate.

Amends the State Department Basic Authorities Act of 1956 to require that the President rather than the Secretary, appoint the Director of the Office of Foreign Missions. Grants the Director the rank of ambassador. Requires that there shall also be a Deputy Director of the Office of Foreign Missions who shall be an individual who has served in the U.S. intelligence community.

Authorizes appropriations for the Secretary of State for FY 1984 and 1985 for providing protective services for consulates in locations where funds are not otherwise available for protective services. Authorizes providing such assistance for foreign missions through State and local authorities only if the Secretary has determined that there are reasonable grounds to believe that there exists a threat of violence to or conditions inconsistent with appropriate security of the foreign mission or of the personnel of the foreign mission. Sets conditions for providing such assistance.

Title VII: International Environmental Protection - International Environment Protection Act of 1983 - Amends the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 to declare that the preservation of animal and plant species should be an important objective of U.S. development assistance. Authorizes assistance to countries in protecting and maintaining wildlife habitats and in developing sound wildlife management and plant conservation programs. Directs the Administrator of the Agency for International Development, in conjunction with the heads of appropriate Federal agencies, to develop a U.S. strategy to protect and conserve biological diversity in developing countries. Requires an annual report to Congress on the implementation of this strategy. Directs the President, within one year of enactment of this Act, to submit a comprehensive report to Congress on such strategy.

Amends the Mutual Educational and Cultural Exchange Act of 1961 to authorize the President, in furtherance of the purposes of such Act, to provide for visits between the United States and other countries of experts in environmental science and environmental management. Provides for the financing of such program.

Directs the Secretary of State and the Secretary of the Interior, in consultation with other concerned agencies, to review and make recommendations concerning the effectiveness of existing U.S. international activities relating to the conservation of international wildlife resources. Requires the Secretaries to report to Congress: (1) on all Federal programs concerned with international wildlife resources conservation programs; (2) with recommendations for an integrated U.S. plan of action to assist foreign governments and international organizations in conserving wildlife; (3) with an analysis of the extent of Federal involvement in specified international wildlife resources conservation measures; (4) with recommendations on how to increase Federal capabilities in carrying out international wildlife resource conservation; (5) with an analysis on the desirability of delineating geographic regions abroad and assigning Foreign Service members to be responsible for wildlife conservation issues in those regions.

Title VIII: Soviet-Eastern European Research and Training Act of 1983 - Soviet-Eastern Europe Research and Training Act of 1983 - Establishes within the Department of State the Soviet-Eastern European Studies Advisory Committee which shall recommend grant policies for the advancement of research on the Soviet Union and Eastern Europe. Directs the Secretary of State to make payments, after consultation with the Advisory Committee, out of funds made available to carry out this title. Requires part of the funds to be used: (1) to establish a fellowship program for advanced training in Soviet and Eastern European studies and to disseminate data on such studies; (2) to provide fellowship support for advanced research by American specialists in such studies and to conduct workshops to facilitate research collaboration between government and private specialists; (3) to conduct specialized programs in advanced training and research on a reciprocal basis in the Soviet Union and Eastern Europe; (4) to support language training in Russian and Eastern European languages; and (5) to carry out other research and training in such studies. Sets forth the method of applying for such payments.

Directs the Secretary to report to the President and Congress on such payments. Earmarks specified amounts of the FY 1984 and 1985 funds for the administration of foreign affairs to be used to carry out this title. Terminates the provisions of this title in ten years.

Title IX: United States-India Fund for Cultural, Educational, and Scientific Cooperation - United States-India Fund for Cultural, Educational, and Scientific Cooperation Act - Authorizes the President to enter into an agreement with India for the establishment of a fund which would provide grants and other assistance for cultural, educational, and scientific exchanges.

Authorizes the President to make available for the Fund a specified amount of certain foreign currencies owned by the United States in India or owed to the United States by India.

Title X: Miscellaneous Provisions - Amends the Foreign Assistance Act of 1969 to authorize appropriations for FY 1984 and 1985 for the Inter-American Foundation.

Amends the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 to authorize the President to make certain amounts available during each fiscal year to promote human rights in certain countries. Earmarks specified amounts for FY 1984 and 1985 to be used for grants to nongovernmental organizations in South Africa promoting efforts to foster a just society and to help victims of apartheid. Prohibits making any such grants to organizations financed or controlled by South Africa. Requires the Administrator of the Agency for International Development (AID), in consultation with the Secretary of State, to report to Congress within nine months of the date of enactment of this Act on the grants given to the South African organizations.

Directs the Assistant Secretary for Human Rights and Humanitarian Affairs to advise the Administrator of AID on the policy framework for grants to promote human rights.

Expresses the sense of the Congress that: (1) under the Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs, 1961, each signatory country has the responsibility of limiting to licit purposes the use and distribution of scheduled drugs; (2) the international community should help those producer and transit countries which need assistance in discharging these primary obligations; (3) international narcotics programs should include, as a priority, the progressive elimination of the illicit cultivation of crops from which narcotic and psychotrophic drugs are derived and should also include the suppression of the illegal manufacture of and traffic in such drugs; (4) effective international cooperation is necessary to control production and use of such drugs. Declares that such cooperation should include international sharing of programs and plans for the progressive elimination of that cultivation. Authorizes the President, in order to control such cooperation, to conclude agreements to facilitate international narcotics control.

Requires the President to report annually to Congress on U.S. policy to establish and encourage an international narcotics control strategy. Lists information to be included in such report.

Requires that, as soon as possible after the transmittal of such report, shall initiate consultations with members of Congress to review worldwide illicit drug production and the role that U.S. aid to major illicit drug producing countries and to international financing institutions has in combatting the entry into the United States of controlled substances. Requires the consultations to include specified information with respect to each major illicit drug producing country for which the President is proposing to furnish U.S. assistance.

Requires the appropriate congressional committees to hold hearings to review the President's report.

Directs the President to suspend U.S. aid to a major illicit drug producing country and Directs the Secretary of the Treasury to instruct the U.S. Executive Directors of specified international financial institutions to vote against institutional aid for such country if the President determines that such country has not taken adequate steps to prevent controlled substances from being sold illegally within the jurisdiction of such country to U.S. government personnel or their dependents or from being smuggled into the United States. Sets forth factors for the President to consider in determining whether adequate steps have been taken.

Prohibits using AID funds for Syria. Directs the Administrator of AID to deobligate funds that have been obligated for Syria, except for: (1) funding for training or studies outside of Syria which began before enactment of this Act; (2) specified contracts; and (3) certain amounts needed to meet necessary expenses for terminating aid programs for Syria.

Prohibits using funds authorized by this Act to promote, sustain, or augment the capacity of the Khmer Rouge to conduct military or paramilitary operations in Kampuchea or elsewhere in Indochina.

Expresses the sense of the Congress that the President should take all possible steps to ascertain the whereabouts of Jan Kaplan and to request an interview with him in order to learn more about the location of Raoul Wallenberg.

Expresses the sense of the Congress that the United States should disapprove the export of and should suspend or revoke approval for the export of nuclear material to India, Argentina, or South Africa until such country gives the United States stronger nuclear nonroliferation guaranties including: (1) reliable assurance that it is not engaged in any program leading to development, testing, or detonation of nuclear explosive devices; and (2) agreement to accept international safeguards on all its nuclear facilities.

Authorizes the export to India of certain equipment necessary to protect the health and safety of operations at India's Tarapur reactor if the President determines it is necessary and the equipment is not available from a foreign supplier.

Expresses the sense of the Congress that the President should: (1) respond constructively to the Canadian offer to reduce air pollution emissions if the United States reduces its emissions by a similar amount; (2) negotiate, as expeditiously as possible, a bilateral agreements with Canada providing for significant reductions in transboundary air pollution; (3) consider a joint Government-supported program to develop new cost-effective technologies that will facilitate reduction of sulfur dioxide emissions and other copollutants; and (4) instruct the Secretary of State to report to Congress by December 1, 1983, on the progress toward achieving a new transboundary air pollution agreement.

Expresses the sense of the Congress that: (1) the United States should promote lower prices and fair market conditions for imported natural gas; and (2) 30 days after enactment of this Act the Secretary of State should report to Congress on the progress made in achieving such lower prices and fair market conditions.

Prohibits the head of any Federal agency, before April 15, 1984, from enforcing, issuing, or implementing, any order which would require prepublication review of the writings of a Federal employee and is different from the rules in effect March 1, 1983.

Repeals certain obsolete reporting requirements and annual reporting requirements dealing with: (1) reports by the President to the Congress on the operations of the Institute for Scientific and Technological Cooperation; (2) reports by the Secretary of State to the President and Congress on the professional development program for Foreign Service Officers; and (3) reports by the President to Congress on personnel requirements for Federal agencies dealing with foreign affairs and on bilateral and multilateral activities involving science and technology.

Expresses the sense of the Congress that: (1) the Secretary should recommend that extended voluntary departure status should be granted to El Salvadorans who have been in the United States since before January 1, 1983, and who otherwise qualify for for voluntary departure and were not excludable on certain grounds at the time of their entry; and (2) such status should be granted until the situation in El Salvador has changed sufficiently to permit their safely residing in that country.

Requires that any joint resolution or bill introduced in either House which requires that the removal of U.S. armed forces from hostilities outside the United States shall be considered under expedited procedures.