Bill summaries are authored by CRS.

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Passed House amended (10/03/1984)

(Measure passed House, amended)

Wine Equity and Export Expansion Act of 1984 - Directs the U.S. Trade Representative to designate as a major wine trading country each foreign country or group of foreign countries represented as an economic union that: (1) is a potential significant market for U.S. wine; and (2) maintains tariff barriers or nontariff barriers to (or other distortions of) trade in U.S. wine. Sets forth factors to be considered in determining whether to designate a country as a major wine trading country.

Requires the President to direct the U.S. Trade Representative to enter into consultations with each major wine trading country to seek a reduction or elimination of that country's tariff barriers and nontariff barriers to (or other distortions of) trade in U.S. wine. Directs the President to notify the House Ways and Means Committee and the Senate Finance committee on specified efforts to expand opportunities in each major wine trading country for exports of U.S. wine. Requires each such notification (consisting of separate reports for each major wine trading country) to include: (1) a description of each act, policy, and practice in that country that constitutes a tariff or nontariff barrier to (or other distortion of) trade in U.S. wine; (2) an assessment of whether such act, policy, or practice is subject to international agreements; (3) information with respect to any action taken or proposed to eliminate or reduced each such act, policy, or practice; (4) an explanation if such action was not taken; and (5) recommendations to the Congress of any additional legislative authority or other action to obtain the elimination or reduction of foreign tariff barriers or nontariff barriers to trade in U.S. wine.

Directs the President to take all appropriate action under the Trade Act of to enforce the rights of the United States under a trade agreement or to obtain the elimination of an act, policy, or practice of a major wine trading country if the President has reason to believe that such act, policy, or practice constitutes a tariff barrier or nontariff barrier to (or other distortion of) trade in U.S. wine and: (1) is inconsistent with the provisions of, or otherwise denies benefits to the United States under, any trade agreement; or (2) is unjustifiable, unreasonable, or discriminatory and burdens or restricts U.S commerce.

Requires the U.S. Trade Representative to consult with the House Ways and Means Committee and the Senate Finance Committee and with representatives of the U.S. wine and grape products industries: (1) before identifying tariff and nontariff barriers to the U.S. wine trade and before designating major wine trading countries; (2) in developing the reports to such Committees; and (3) for purposes of determining whether action by the President is appropriate under the Trade Act of 1974.

Encourages the President to: (1) use, for FY 1985, certain authority under the Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act of 1982 to make available sufficient funds to initiate an export promotion program for U.S. wine; and (2) request, for each subsequent fiscal year, an appropriation for such a wine export promotion program.

Amends the Tariff Act of 1930 to include within the meaning of the term "industry" for purposes of antidumping and countervailing duty investigations of wine and grape products those domestic producers of the principal raw agricultural product which is included in the like domestic product if those producers allege material injury or threat of such injury from imports of wine and grape products.