Summary: S.771 — 98th Congress (1983-1984)All Information (Except Text)

Bill summaries are authored by CRS.

Shown Here:
Passed House amended (10/09/1984)

(Measure passed House, amended)

Health Promotion and Disease Prevention Amendments of 1984 - Amends the Public Health Service Act to replace the existing Office of Health Information, Health Promotion, and Physical Fitness and Sports Medicine (within the Office of the Assistant Secretary for Health of the Department of Health and Human Services) with an Office of Health Promotion, to be headed by a Director.

Directs such Office to: (1) coordinate Department and private health information, promotion, and prevention services; (2) establish a national information clearinghouse; and (3) support projects, conduct research, and disseminate information relating to preventive medicine, health promotion, physical fitness, and sports medicine.

Authorizes appropriations through FY 1987.

Repeals specified provisions regarding: (1) program models; (2) physical fitness grants; and (3) sports medicine (transferred under this Act).

Directs the Secretary of Health and Human Services to make grants to academic health centers to establish Centers for Research and Demonstration of Health Promotion and Disease Prevention. Sets forth related operating provisions. Requires three such centers to be established in FY 1985, and five centers in each of the subsequent two fiscal years. Provides for peer review of grant applications. Authorizes appropriations through FY 1987.

Makes clinical psychologists eligible for Indian Health Scholarships.

Amends the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act and the Orphan Drug Act, respectively, to redefine "rare disease or condition" as a disease or condition which: (1) affects less than 200,000 persons in the United States; or (2) affects more than 200,000 persons in the United States and for which there is no reasonable expectation of recovering development costs through U.S. sales.

Amends the Public Health Service Act to rename the National Center for Health Services Research the National Center for Health Services Research and Medical Technology Assessment.

Includes among the duties of the Center research, evaluation, and demonstration projects respecting the safety, efficacy, effectiveness, cost effectiveness, and social, economic, and ethical impacts of health care technologies.

Requires the Center to advise the Secretary of Health and Human Services respecting medical technology issues and make recommendations with respect to whether specific medical technologies should be reimbursable under federally financed health programs.

Requires the Secretary, acting through the Center, to undertake and support (by grant or contract) research regarding technology diffusion, methods to assess medical technology, and specific medical technologies. Requires any such grant over a specified amount to be reviewed by the National Advisory Council on Medical Technology Assessment established by this Act.

Directs the Secretary to assist State and local health agencies through user liaison and technical assistance programs.

Establishes the National Advisory Council on Medical Technology Assessment to advise the Secretary and the Center with respect to the performance of the medical technology assessment functions set forth by this Act.

Sets aside specified annual amounts for evaluations of health services and health care technology to be carried out through the Center.

Authorizes appropriations through FY 1987 for health service research, evaluation, and demonstration activities undertaken or supported by the Center.

Increases the amount obligated for dissemination activities undertaken by the Center, and includes the user liaison and technical assistance programs under such funding.

Authorizes appropriations through FY 1987 for health statistical, epidemiological, and medical assessment activities undertaken or supported by the Center or by the National Committee on Vital and Health Statistics.

Obligates appropriated funds through FY 1987 for health care technology assessment activities and for the Council on Health Care Technology.

Replaces the National Council on Health Care Technology with a revised Council on Health Care Technology. Directs the Secretary to: (1) make grants for the planning and establishment of such Council; and (2) make an initial planning grant to the National Academy of Sciences.

Includes among the Council's purposes: (1) promoting health care technology assessments; and (2) reviewing existing health care technologies in order to identify obsolete or inappropriate technologies.

Directs the Council to: (1) serve as an information clearinghouse; (2) collect and analyze health care technology data; (3) develop and evaluate assessment criteria; and (4) provide related education, training, and technical assistance.

Prohibits the use of funds to conduct any assessment of a health care technology.

Sets forth membership provisions. Requires grant recipients to report annually to the appropriate congressional committees.