Summary: H.R.2068 — 99th Congress (1985-1986)All Information (Except Text)

Bill summaries are authored by CRS.

Shown Here:
Conference report filed in House (07/30/1985)

(Conference report filed in House, H. Rept. 99-240)

Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 1986 and 1987 - Title I: Department of State: - Authorizes appropriations for FY 1986 and 1987 for the Department of State for: (1) administration of foreign affairs; (2) international organizations and conferences; (3) international commissions; (4) migration and refugee assistance; (5) U.S. bilateral science and technology agreements; and (6) Soviet-East European research and training. Limits, with a specified exception, the amount of authorized appropriations for such accounts to the amounts authorized above.

Directs the Secretary of State (the Secretary) to notify specified congressional committees whenever the Secretary submits to the Congress a request for appropriations pursuant to authorizations for certain nondiscretionary costs and for certain Foreign Service benefits.

Authorizes the Secretary, to the extent funds are authorized and appropriated, to pay the U.S. share of the expenses of the United Nations peacekeeping forces in the Middle East. (Current law authorizes such funds as may be necessary to make such payments to the Department of State.)

Earmarks a specified amount of the FY 1986 authorization for administration of foreign affairs for security-related capital projects and improvements and the salaries and expenses associated with security-related personnel.

Earmarks specified amounts of the FY 1986 and 1987 authorizations for administration of foreign affairs for: (1) the National Commission on Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Cooperation; and (2) the American-Australian Bicentennial Foundation.

Earmarks a specified amount of the funds authorized for international organizations and conferences for the World Commission on Environment and Development.

Earmarks specified amounts of the migration and refugee assistance funds for: (1) refugees resettling in Israel; (2) African refugee assistance; (3) anti-piracy actions in the Gulf of Thailand; and (4) the International Committee of the Red Cross.

Declares that it is U.S. policy: (1) to contribute to the International Committee of the Red Cross an amount equal to at least 20 percent of its regular budget; and (2) to support the special appeals made by the International Committee of the Red Cross. Limits the amount of migration and refugee assistance funds that may be used for enhanced reception and placement services.

Amends the Migration and Refugee Assistance Act of 1962: (1) to authorize the President to furnish aid under such Act notwithstanding any law which restricts aid to foreign countries; and (2) to authorize using migration and refugee assistance to pay for contracting for personal services abroad.

Prohibits making funds available to the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees unless by June 1, 1986, the High Commissioner provides for: (1) annual audits of the use of such funds; and (2) making such audits available for inspection by the U.S. Comptroller General. Requires the Comptroller General to report on such audits to the Congress.

Amends the State Department Basic authorities Act of 1956 to authorize the Secretary to use funds appropriated or otherwise available to the Secretary to pay for certain expenses.

Increases the number of Assistant Secretaries of State from 13 to 14.

Changes the title of the Under Secretary of State for Economic Affairs to the Under Secretary of State for Economic and Agricultural Affairs.

Amends the Department of State Appropriations Authorization Act of 1973 to provide that the State Department need not be reimbursed for the detailing of State Department employees to another executive department or agency if the number of employees so detailed at any one time does not exceed 15 and the period of such detail does not exceed two years.

Amend the State Department Basic Authorities Act of 1956 to authorize the Secretary to employ individuals or organizations, by contract, for services abroad, and persons employed by such contracts shall not be considered Federal employees for purposes of any law administered by the Office of Personnel Management.

Amends the Foreign Service Act of 1980 to authorize the Secretary of Commerce to appoint an individual to a limited appointment in the Senior Foreign Service for a specific position abroad if: (1) no career member of the Foreign Service who has the necessary qualifications is available to serve in the position; and (2) the individual appointed has unique qualifications for the specific position.

Expresses the sense of the Congress that it is in the national interest to make more productive use in U.S. missions abroad of the resources of spouses of American personnel assigned abroad. Authorizes the Secretary to conduct a pilot project to test appropriate means of increasing employment of qualified spouses of American personnel assigned to U.S. missions. Directs the Secretary to report to the Congress by February 1, 1986, on the design of the project and plans for implementation and evaluation.

Directs the Secretary to conduct a comprehensive study on the feasibility and desirability of creating a program of lateral entry into the Foreign Service for American businessmen, farmers, and other occupations. Directs the Secretary to report to the Congress on such study within 180 days of enactment of this Act.

Amends the Foreign Service Act of 1980 to require the Secretary to establish a health care program for the Foreign Service. (Current law authorizes such program.) Authorizes the program to include preventive and remedial care and services as necessary. Authorizes the Secretary to pay for the cost of treatment of a person who incurs an illness, injury, or medical condition which requires treatment while assigned to a post abroad or located overseas pursuant to Government authorization.

Authorizes the Administrator of General Services to construct a consolidated training facility for the Foreign Service Institute within reasonable proximity to the Department of State. Earmarks specified amounts of the funds authorized for administration of foreign affairs for such training facility. Prohibits obligating such funds until 30 days after certain plans and estimates are submitted to the Congress.

Amends the International Center Act to authorize the Secretary, in consultation with the Administrator of General Services, to construct facilities in the International Center, including facilities for security and maintenance. Directs the Secretary to advise specified congressional committees periodically on the construction of such facilities.

Amends the State Department Basic Authorities Act of 1956 to authorize special agents of the Department of State and the Foreign Service to: (1) conduct investigations concerning illegal passport or visa issuance or use; (2) serve search warrants, arrest warrants, subpoenas, and summonses to conduct such investigations; (3) protect heads of foreign states, distinguished visitors to the United States; the Secretary of State, foreign missions, and other specified persons; (4) carry firearms if qualified and authorized to do so; and (5) make arrests without warrants for specified offenses.

Directs the Secretary to prescribe regulations, which shall be approved by the Attorney General, with respect to the use of firearms by special agents. Provides that the Secret Service is not affected by the provisions dealing with special agents. Requires the Secretary, the Attorney General and the Secretary of the Treasury to enter into an interagency agreement with respect to their law enforcement functions.

Directs the Secretary to transmit all the regulations governing such special agents to specified congressional committees 20 days before they go into effect.

Authorizes the Secretary to provide extraordinary protective services for foreign missions to the extent necessary, except that the Secretary may not provide any protective services covered by the U.S. Secret Service Uniformed Division. Authorizes the Secretary to provide funds to a State or local authority for protective services only if the Secretary has determined that circumstances exist which require extraordinary security measures which exceed those which local law enforcement agencies can reasonably be expected to take. Authorizes obligating funds for such purposes only after regulations have been issued after consultation with the appropriate congressional committees. Limits the amount of such funds that may be obligated for protective services within any single State. Requires that at least 15 percent of such funds shall be kept in reserve for protective services provided by the Secretary or for expenditures in local jurisdictions not otherwise covered by an agreement for protective services.

Limits an agreement with a State or local authority for the provision of protective services to 90 days subject to renewal.

Authorizes the Secretary of the Treasury to carry out by contract certain functions relating to protection of foreign diplomatic missions.

Directs the Secretary to consider matters relating to the protection of U.S. interests in determining the treatment to be accorded a foreign mission in the United States.

Expands the definition of a foreign mission for purposes of the State Department Basic Authorities Act.

Authorizes the Secretary to require a foreign mission to forego the acceptance, use, or relation of a benefit.

Authorizes the Secretary to require a foreign mission to divest itself of or forego the use of real property if the Secretary determines it is necessary to protect the interests of the United States.

Directs the Secretary to require foreign missions to notify the Director of the Office of Foreign Missions of any real property dealings by the foreign missions.

Authorizes the Secretary to use funds available to the Secretary to pay for U.S. participation in arbitrations: (1) for the peaceful resolution of disputes under treaties or other international agreements; and (2) arising under contracts authorized by law for the performance of services or acquisition of property abroad.

Amends the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 to authorize the Secretary to transfer Government-owned excess property to any friendly country, international organization, the American Red cross, or other voluntary nonprofit relief agency in order to support development assistance activities which are designed to enhance environmental protection in foreign countries if the Secretary makes a specified determination with regard to such property.

Expresses the sense of the Congress that the United States should not accept a gift of any residence as an official residence for the Secretary unless the Congress has had an opportunity to review the proposed gift. Directs the Secretary to study any offer of such a gift and to report to the Congress on the study's findings.

Directs the Secretary to report to the Congress within 90 days of enactment of this Act on proposals to improve the staffing and personnel management in the Bureau of International Narcotics Matters, specifically whether a narcotics specialist personnel category in the Foreign Service is an appropriate mechanism.

Requires the Department of State, in order to ensure that foreign narcotics traffickers are denied visas, to cooperate with U.S. law enforcement agencies in establishing a comprehensive information system on all drug arrests of foreign nationals in the United States so such information can be sent to the appropriate U.S. embassies. Requires the National Drug Enforcement Policy Board to agree on uniform guidelines which would permit the sharing of information on drug traffickers. Requires the Chairman of the National Drug Enforcement Policy Board to report to the Congress, within six months of enactment of the Act, on steps taken to implement such information network.

Directs the Secretary to increase U.S. efforts to negotiate updated extradition treaties related to narcotics offenses with each major drug-producing country.

Recommends that the Secretary issue a travel advisory warning U.S. citizens of the dangers of traveling in the State of Jalisco, Mexico. Requires the travel advisory to remain in effect until those responsible for the murder or abduction of specified U.S. citizens have been brought to trial and a verdict has been obtained.

Directs the Secretary to report to the Congress periodically on the progress made in the case of the murder of Enrique Camarena Salazar, the investigations of the disappearances of U.S. citizens, and the general safety of U.S. tourists in Mexico.

Commends the Ambassador to Mexico for insuring a full and complete investigation and prosecution of the murders of Camarena and for his advocacy of a strong drug enforcement program.

Prohibits employing a Soviet citizen as a foreign national employee at U.S. diplomatic or consular missions in the Soviet Union after September 30, 1986. Requests the President to report to the Congress if not employing Soviet citizens at such missions poses undue difficulties.

Expresses the sense of the Congress that it is imperative and in the national interest that each U.S. mission to a foreign country provide such support as may be necessary to U.S. citizens seeking to do business in that country.

Directs the U.S. chief of mission to a foreign country in which there is not a respect for freedom of the press to actively promote respect for freedom of the press in that country.

Expresses the sense of the Congress that the Secretary should ensure that all U.S. consular offices are equipped with 24-hour emergency telephone service through which U.S. citizens can contact such office. Directs the Secretary to report to the Congress within 90 days of enactment of this Act on steps taken to provide such service.

Expresses the sense of the Congress that: (1) the U.S. representatives to international organizations should oppose the adoption of international marketing and distribution regulations or restrictions which unnecessarily impede the export of U.S. goods and services; and (2) the Secretary shall provide interested persons with an opportunity to comment on such regulations or restrictions that may significantly affect U.S. interstate or foreign commerce, U.S. policies or programs, or any State significantly affected by interstate or foreign commerce.

Amends the State Department Basic Authorities Act of 1956 to authorize regulating the activities of U.N. employees (including employees of the U.N. Secretariat) outside the United Nations Headquarters District in a manner determined to be in the best interests of the United States and pursuant to the United Nations Headquarters Agreement Act. Exempts U.S. nationals from such regulations. Requires the Secretary of State to report to the Congress on plans to implement this Act.

Amends the Department of State Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 1984 and 1985 to require the United States to reduce its annual assessed contribution to the United Nations by a specified percentage for each month in which U.S. participation is suspended if Israel is expelled from the United Nations.

Directs the Secretary to seek the adoption by the United Nations and its specialized agencies of procedures which grant voting rights to each member state on budget matters. Limits the U.S. payments to the United Nations or its agencies unless such voting rights are adopted.

Limits the amount of the U.S. payment to the United Nations to its assessed contribution for a fiscal year less: (1) 25 percent of the amount budgeted for that year for the Second Decade to Combat Racism and Racial Discrimination; (2) 25 percent of the amount budgeted for any other United Nations agencies or conference whose purpose is to implement General Assembly Resolution 33/79; and (3) 25 percent of the amount budgeted for the conference center to be built for the Economic Commission for Africa in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.

Authorizes the President to maintain U.S. membership in the International Jute Organization.

Declares that it is U.S. policy to: (1) foster the global commercial communications satellite system owned and operated by the International Telecommunications Satellite Organization (Intelsat); (2) make available to consumers a variety of communications satellite services using the space segment facilities.of Intelsat and any other additional facilities which are in the national interest and which are technically compatible with the use of the radio frequency spectrum and orbital space by the existing or planned Intelsat space segment and avoid significant economic harm to Intelsat; and (3) authorize use and operation of any additional space segment facilities only if specified obligations of the United States under the Intelsat Agreement have been met. Directs the Secretary, before consulting with Intelsat for purposes of coordinating any separate international telecommunications satellite system, to ensure that: (1) any proposed separate international satellite telecommunications system comply with specified conditions; and (2) one or more foreign authorities have authorized the use of such system consistent with such conditions.

Directs the Secretary to consult with the U.S. signatory to Intelsat and the Secretary of Commerce regarding the appropriate scope and character of an amendment of the Intelsat Agreement which would permit Intelsat to establish cost-based rates for individual traffic routes. Declares that the United States, pursuant to such consultation, shall actively support such an amendment to the Intelsat Agreement.

Directs the Secretary, if the Assembly of Parties of Intelsat does not recommend the establishment of a separate international telecommunication system and the President decides to pursue such a system without the Assembly's approval, to report to the Congress: (1) the foreign policy reasons for the President's decision; and (2) a plan for minimizing any negative effects of the President's action on Intelsat and on U.S. foreign policy interests. Directs the Secretary, 60 days after submitting such report, to notify the Federal Communications Commission on whether U.S. obligations under the Intelsat Agreement have been met.

Directs the Secretary to investigate the extent of Soviet and Communist disinformation and press manipulation with respect to the United States. Requires the Secretary to report, within one year of enactment of this Act, to the Congress including a recommendation by the President, on the advisability of establishing within the State Department a permanent office of Soviet and Communist disinformation and press manipulation.

Expresses the sense of the Congress that the United States should declare persona non grata one or more senior defense attaches of the Soviet Union's mission to the United States unless the President certifies to the Congress, within 90 days of enactment of this Act, that the Soviet Union has apologized for the murder of Major Arthur D. Nicholson and the Soviet Union has provided satisfactory assurances that it will adhere to agreements concerning the status and safety of Western missions in East Germany.

Directs the Secretary to study and report to the Congress on the feasibility and benefits of the establishment of a major initiative in Inter-American cooperation in Space, Science, and Technology.

Amends the Inspector General Act of 1978 to provide for a Department of State Inspector General. Sets forth the duties of such Inspector General. Directs the Secretary to report to the Congress on the steps the Secretary has taken to provide for an Inspector General.

Directs the Secretary to report to the Congress, within 90 days of enactment of this Act,on whether United Nations employees are required to return their salaries to their respective governments. Requires the United States, upon a determination by the Secretary that substantial progress has not been made in correcting such practice, to reduce proportionately the U.S. contribution to the United Nations.

Requires the heads of each agency using the Foreign Service personnel system to develop a plan designed increased significantly the number of members of minority groups and women particularly in the mid-levels of the Foreign Service. Requires the heads of such agencies to report annually to the Congress on such plans.

Amends the Foreign Service Act of 1980 to change the chair of the Board of the Foreign Service from a career member of the Senior Foreign Service designated by the Secretary of State to an individual appointed by the President.

Prohibits the Secretary from permitting the Soviet Union to occupy its new chancery building or any other new facility in Washington, D.C., if the Soviet Union does not reimburse the United States for damages incurred by the construction of the new U.S. embassy in Moscow. Directs the Secretary to suspend the restrictions on occupancy of the Soviet embassy under certain conditions.

Requires the Secretary to submit to the Congress an unclassified report on the advisability of establishing a permanent office in the Department of State to study Soviet and international Communist behavior that violates the concept of national sovereignty and peace between Nations.

Title II: United States Information Agency - Authorizes appropriations for FY 1986 and 1987 for the U.S. Information Agency (USIA). Earmarks specified portions of such authorization for: (1) essential modernization of the Voice of America; (2) implementation of the Radio Broadcasting to Cuba Act; (3) the Fulbright Academic Exchange Programs and the International Visitor Program; (4) the Humphrey Fellowship Program; (5) grants and exchanges to Latin America and the Caribbean; (6) the worldwide book program initiative; (7) exchange-related activities associated with the 1987 Pan American Games; (8) for the expenses of persons participating in international games for the handicapped which are conducted in the United States; and (9) the National Endowment for Democracy.

Prohibits using funds authorized for the USIA to influence public opinion in the United States and prohibits distributing USIA material in the United States.

Prohibits making any grants to any organization through the USIA's Private Sector Program specified percentages of the costs for that organization's exchange and exchange-related programs come from non-Government sources. Prohibits using any FY 1986 appropriations of the USIA for 1985 International Youth Year activities.

Amends the National Endowment for Democracy Act to prohibit using National Endowment for Democracy funds to finance political campaigns. Prohibits using Endowment funds granted to political party institutes to finance activities of the Republican National Committee or the Democratic National Committee. Requires the Endowment to consult with the State Department on any overseas program funded by the Endowment before starting the program.

Requires the Endowment to comply with Freedom of Information Act provisions. Provides for the Director of the USIA to review Endowment decisions on whether or not to disclose information. Authorizes the USIA to audit the Endowment. Changes the date of the Endowment's annual report to the Congress.

Expresses the sense of the Congress that the USIA should make a grant for each of FY 1986 and 1987 to the Endowment to finance programs that are designed to promote democracy and that seek to end apartheid in South Africa. Requires the programs funded by such grants to be programs that reflect the aspirations of the indigenous majority of South Africans and not to be programs controlled by the Government of South Africa.

Amends the United States Information and Education Exchange Act of 1948 to direct the Director of the U.S. Information Agency (USIA) to provide for the distribution in the United States of the USIA films: (1) "Hal David: Expressing a Feeling"; (2) "Afghanistan 1982: the Struggle for Freedom Continues"; (3) "We are Afghanistan"; and (4) "Afghanistan: The Hidden War."

Extends through FY 1987 the requirement that the USIA notify the Congress 15 days before awarding program grants.

Title III: Board for International Broadcasting - Amends the Board for International Broadcasting Act of 1973 to authorize appropriations for the Board for International Broadcasting for FY 1986 and 1987. Earmarks a specified amount of such authorization for radio modernization.

Declares that one of the reasons the Board should exist is to encourage a constructive dialogue with Afghanistan (as long as it is under Soviet occupation).

Authorizes using funds granted to Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty (RFE/RL) for radio broadcasts to Afghanistan which shall be called Radio Free Afghanistan.

Expresses the sense of the Congress that RFE/RL should: (1) reestablish the procedure the primary emphasis of which is the daily oversight of RFE/RL program content and quality; (2) strengthen pre- and post-broadcast review and controls; and (3) improve its personnel management system.

Expresses the sense of the Congress that the Board for International Broadcasting should: (1) periodically review and update the program policy guidelines of RFE/RL; and (2) ensure that the distinctions between the Board and RFE/RL remain clear and that these two entities continue to operate within the framework established by law.

Directs the Secretary to report regularly to the Board on the impact of RFE/RL broadcasts in Eastern Europe and the Soviet Union. Prohibits making any grant to RFE/RL under the Board for International Broadcasting Act of 1973 unless RFE/RL agrees to the presence of an observer representing the Secretary at meetings of its Board of Directors.

Directs the Secretary to: (1) establish an office in the U.S. consulate in Munich, West Germany, which shall be responsible for liaison operations of the State Department with RFE/RL; and (2) be represented by an observer at each meeting of the Board for International Broadcasting and of the Board of Directors of RFE/RL.

Directs the Board for International Broadcasting to establish a task force to conduct a study of the advisability and feasibility of increasing broadcasts to the Jewish population within the Soviet Union. Requires the Board for International Broadcasting to report to the Congress within six months of enactment of this Act on such study. Requires the RFE/RL to strengthen its programming dealing with issues of concern to Jewish audiences in the Soviet Union.

Title IV: The Asia Foundation - Amends the Asia Foundation Act to authorize appropriations for FY 1986 and 1987 for the Asia Foundation.

Title V: Iran Claims Settlement - Authorizes the U.S. Foreign Claims Settlement Commission to determine the validity of claims by U.S. nationals against Iran which are settled en bloc by the United States. Requires the Commission to apply in the following order: (1) the terms of any settlement agreement; (2) the relevant provisions of the Declarations of the Government of Algeria of January 19, 1981, giving consideration to the interpretations of the Iran-United States Claims Tribunal; and (3) applicable principles of international law, justice, and equity. Requires the Commission to certify to the Secretary of the Treasury any awards made. Authorizes the Secretary of the Treasury to make payments of the lesser of $10,000 or the principal amount of an award.

Deducts one and one-half percent of the amount of an award of up to $5,000,000 and one percent of any award over such amount as reimbursement to the U.S. for expenses incurred in the arbitration of the claim and the maintenance of the Security Account established to cover such awards. Declares that such deduction shall not apply to an amount awarded for an en bloc settlement.

Authorizes the Secretary to reimburse the Federal Reserve Bank of New York for expenses incurred in the settlement or arbitration of such claims.

Prohibits the disclosure of records pertaining to the arbitration of claims before the Iran-United States Claims Tribunal except for certain U.S. documents.

Title VI: United States Scholarship Program for Developing Countries - Directs the President, acting through the USIA to provide an undergraduate scholarship program for citizens and nationals of developing countries to study at U.S. institutions of higher education. Requires that half of each payment to a student shall be in the form of a loan with repayment to be forgiven upon the student's prompt return to his or her country of origin for a period of no less than the number of years spent studying in the United States plus one. Requires half the loan to be forgiven if the student is granted asylum in the United States or if the student is admitted to the United States as a refugee. Sets forth guidelines for implementing the program. Authorizes the President to enter into agreements with foreign governments to further the scholarship program.

Urges the Administrator of the agency primarily responsible for administering development assistance programs, in implementing such programs, to increase assistance for undergraduate scholarships for students of limited financial means from developing countries to study in the United States. Urges the Director of the USIA to expand opportunities for students from developing countries to receive financial aid for postgraduate study at U.S. institutions of higher education. Urges the President to take steps to expand the opportunities for Americans from all economic classes to study in developing countries.

Authorizes the President to establish counseling and orientation services: (1) abroad to prepare foreign students for study in the United States; and (2) at U.S. schools to help them while they are in the United States.

Directs the Board of Foreign Scholarships to advise and assist the President in the discharge of programs authorized by this Act.

Requires the public and private sectors in the United States to be encouraged to contribute to the costs of the programs financed under this Act. Directs the President to engage the public and private sectors of developing countries in programs to maximize the use of program participants upon their return to their own countries. Authorizes the President to publicize the scholarship program abroad. Directs the President to encourage U.S. schools attended by students receiving scholarships under this Act to provide opportunities for U.S. students to develop their knowledge of the foreign students' cultures.

Authorizes the President to provide English instruction abroad when necessary.

Requires the President to report annually to the Congress on the activities taken pursuant to this Act.

Requires the undergraduate scholarship program financed by the USIA for students from Central America for FY 1986 and 1987 to be conducted in accordance with this Act. Provides for funding to carry out other scholarship programs under this title.

Earmarks at least 25 percent of funds authorized for this title to fund grants and exchanges to Latin America and the Caribbean.

Requires the Director of the USIA and the Administrator of AID to report jointly to the Congress by December 15, 1985, on the feasibility of greater use in those two agencies' scholarship and participant training programs in universities located in areas characterized by sizable Hispanic populations.

Title VII: Arms Control and Disarmament - Amends the Arms Control and Disarmament Act to authorize supplemental appropriations for FY 1985 for the Arms Control and Disarmament Agency.

Authorizes appropriations for FY 1986 and 1987 for the Arms Control and Disarmament Agency. Earmarks a specified portion of such authorization for arms control negotiations with the Soviet Union.

Directs the President to report annually to the Congress on U.S. adherence and the adherence of other nations to bilateral and multilateral arms control agreements.

Provides that the Deputy Director of the U.S. Arms Control and Disarmament Agency shall be compensated at level III on the Executive Schedule. Provides that the Assistant Directors of such Agency shall be compensated at level IV on the Executive Schedule.

Expresses the sense of the Senate that the Secretary of State should submit to the Congress as soon as possible a report on the feasibility, costs, location, and requirements of a structure to house the U.S. arms control negotiating teams in Geneva and that this matter should be included in the 1985 supplemental appropriation process.

Expresses the sense of the Congress that the President should: (1) be commended for his efforts to negotiate a multilateral agreement banning chemical weapons; (2) continue to pursue such an agreement; and (3) seek the continuation and the development of bilateral discussions between the United States and the Soviet Union to achieve a verifiable ban on chemical weapons.

Expresses the sense of the Congress that the President should propose to the Soviet Union during arms control talks: (1) that the United States and the Soviet Union should establish a joint commission to study the environmental and other effects of nuclear explosions (nuclear winter) and their impact on the security of both nations; (2) that the work of such joint commission should include the sharing and exchange of information and findings on the nuclear winter phenomena; and (3) that the United Kingdom, France, and the People's Republic of China should be involved in the work of such joint commission.

Title VIII: Miscellaneous Provisions - Amends the National Emergencies Act to provide for termination of such Act by enactment of a joint resolution.

Expresses the sense of the Congress that nominations to the Board of Directors for the United States Institute of Peace should be submitted to the Senate on a timely basis.

Amends the Trading with the Enemy Act to authorize the Attorney General to make an ex gratia payment to Switzerland.

States that the United States does not recognize any spheres of influence in Europe and repudiates the negative consequences of the Yalta agreements of 1945.

Proclaims hope for the self-determination of the people of Eastern Europe.

Expresses the sense of the Congress that: (1) the Soviet Union has violated the human rights of the Pentecostal community in Chuguyevka by hindering the practice of their religious belief and by refusing to allow them to emigrate; (2) Soviet personnel violated the human rights of the four Pentecostals who tried to enter the U.S. embassy in Moscow; (3) the State Department should continue to assure the safety of the four persons who tried to enter the embassy and to try to persuade the Soviet Union to allow the members of the Pentecostal community in Chuguyevka to emigrate to the West; and (4) the Secretary should study U.S. policy on granting asylum in U.S. embassies.

Expresses the sense of the Congress that: (1) one important element of a peaceful future for Taiwan is greater participation in the political process by all the people on Taiwan; and (2) the United States should encourage the Taiwan authorities to work vigorously toward this end.

Expresses the sense of the Congress that the Secretary and the Secretary of Commerce should take steps to increase U.S.-China trade.

Amends the United States-India Fund for Cultural Educational, and Scientific Cooperation Act to authorize using the annual earnings generated by specified money appropriated to the U.S.-India Fund for cultural, educational, and scientific programs of mutual interest.

Expresses the sense of the Congress that: (1) Cambodians, Laotians, and Vietnamese seeking asylum and refuge in Thailand should not be involuntarily repatriated or otherwise put at risk; and (2) every effort should be made to provide increased security for refugees in camps in Thailand. Declares the Secretary should: (1) work with Thailand and the U.N. High Commissioner for Refugees to review the status of Cambodians who have not been permitted to register at refugee camps in Thailand; and (2) implement a humanitarian solution to their plight. Declares that the Secretary should: (1) conduct a review of those Cambodians who have been rejected for admission to the United States; (2) institute a family reunification program for those refugees in Thailand; and (3) provide for an educational assistance program for Cambodians in the border camps and for improved literacy training in all camps.

Expresses the sense of the Congress that: (1) the Secretary of the Treasury and the Chairman of the Federal Reserve Board in concert with other banks should take steps to lower gradually the value of the dollar; (2) such steps should not exclude intervention in the foreign exchange markets; and (3) the Secretary of the Treasury and the Chairman should work to ensure that the domestic macroeconomic policies of the United States and its allies are forged to reinforce rather than oppose one another.

Commends Mayor Teddy Kollek of Jerusalem for his efforts over the years.

Expresses the sense of the Congress that Japan should implement a defense plan for 1986 through 1990 containing sufficient resources to obtain a 1,000 mile airspace and sealanes defense capability. Directs the President to report annually to the Congress on Japan's progress toward fulfilling its self-defense commitment.

Declares that it is congressional policy that the number of Soviet nationals admitted to the United States who serve as diplomatic or consular personnel shall be substantially equivalent to the number of U.S. nationals admitted to the Soviet Union in such capacity, unless the President determines that the admission of additional Soviet personnel would be in the best interests of the United States.

Directs the Secretary of State and the Attorney General to report to the Congress within six months of enactment of this Act on a plan for imposing such a limit on Soviet personnel in the United States.

Establishes the International Narcotics Control Commission to: (1) monitor and promote international compliance with narcotics control treaties; and (2) monitor and encourage U.S. Government and private programs seeking to expand international cooperation against drug abuse and narcotics trafficking. Sets forth administrative provisions. Authorizes appropriations.