Summary: H.R.3570 — 99th Congress (1985-1986)All Information (Except Text)

Bill summaries are authored by CRS.

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Passed Senate amended (04/11/1986)

(Measure passed Senate, amended)

Judicial Improvements Act of 1985 - Amends the judicial code to increase the amount that a judicial official has withheld from his or her salary for purposes of the Judicial Survivors' Annuities Fund. Requires funding for the Fund in amounts necessary to reduce to zero the unfunded liability of such Fund. Limits such amounts to nine percent of salary or retirement salary. Authorizes appropriations.

Increases the amount of the annuity received by a surviving widow or widower with children.

Increases the amount of the annuity received by the surviving children of a judicial official leaving no widow or widower.

Revises the formula used to determine the amount of the annuity given a widow or widower of a judicial official.

Makes the benefits conferred by this Act available to any eligible individual.

Permits a judicial officer who has participated in the present annuity program to withdraw, in writing, according to specified procedures. Allows such officer, if eligible, to subsequently join the judicial survivors' annuities program created by this Act.

Permits a judicial officer to provide a survivor annuity for a former spouse.

Entitles a former spouse of a deceased judicial official to a survivor annuity.

Allows a Federal district court to hear and determine cases removed from State courts even where the State court lacked original jurisdiction.

Requires that filing and miscellaneous fees for the U.S. District Court for the District of Columbia be collected in the same manner as other fees are collected for the other U.S. district courts. Makes conforming changes to the District of Columbia code. States that such requirements are applicable only to civil actions, suits, and proceedings instituted on or after enactment of this Act.

Grants the United States Courts of Appeals jurisdiction to review all rules, regulations or final orders of the Secretary of Transportation with regard to any act or transaction lawful under the Shipping Act, 1916 or any rule, regulation, or final order of the Federal Maritime Commission issued pursuant to: (1) the Shipping Act, 1916; (2) the Merchant Marine Act, 1920; (3) the Intercoastal Shipping Act, 1933; (4) the Shipping Act of 1984; and (5) the Act of November 6, 1966.

Amends the Bankruptcy Amendments and Federal Judgeship Act of 1984 to provide full life insurance coverage for retired Federal judges.