Summary: H.R.4990 — 99th Congress (1985-1986)All Information (Except Text)

There is one summary for H.R.4990. Bill summaries are authored by CRS.

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Introduced in House (06/11/1986)

Hunger Relief Act of 1986 - Title I: General Food and Nutrition Programs - Amends the Food Stamp Act of 1977 to increase the thrifty food plan base by specified annual percentages.

Exempts the first $50 paid in child support from counting for food stamp program eligibility.

Increases the shelter deduction cap.

Sets the threshold for the elderly and disabled medical deduction at the lesser of five percent of monthly income, or $35 a month.

Increases resource limitations to: (1) $2,250 for nonelderly households; (2) $3,500 for elderly households; and (3) $5,500 for automobiles.

Makes State outreach programs for the elderly, disabled, or the unemployed eligible for matching funds.

Increases FY 1987 through 1990 program authorizations.

Requires a report to the House and the Senate evaluating the budgetary and administrative consequences of an equity-based calculation of household resources.

Amends the Temporary Emergency Food Assistance Act of 1983 to increase authorization levels for commodity distributions.

Amends the Food Security Act of 1985 to increase authorization levels for the expanded program of food, nutrition, and consumer education.

Title II: Special Food and Nutrition Programs for Children, Women, and the Elderly - Amends the Child Nutrition Act of 1966 to reduce the amount children pay for a reduced price breakfast. Increases Federal reimbursement to improve the nutritional quality of school breakfasts by five cents, and by ten cents for "severe need" schools.

Directs the Secretary of Agriculture to review the nutrition requirements for breakfasts served under such Act.

Amends the National School Lunch Act to reduce the amount children pay for a reduced price lunch.

Permits reimbursement for an additional meal or snack under the child care feeding program.

Amends the Child Nutrition Act of 1966 to increase FY 1987 through 1989 authorizations for the supplemental food program for women, infants, and children. Increases authorization limits for nutrition education training in schools.

Amends the Older Americans Act of 1965 to increase FY 1987 authorizations for congregate meals, home delivered meals, and nutrition education for the elderly.

Amends the Community Services Block Grant Act to authorize FY 1987 appropriations for the community food and nutrition program.

Title III: Nutrition Monitoring and Related Research - National Nutrition Monitoring and Related Research Act of 1986 - Subtitle A: General Provisions - Sets forth the purposes of and definitions for this title.

Subtitle B: Nutrition Monitoring and Related Research - Establishes a ten-year coordinated program, to be known as the National Nutrition Monitoring and Related Research Program, which will be implemented by the Secretaries of Health and Human Services and of Agriculture. Establishes an Interagency Board for Nutrition Monitoring and Related Research to facilitate the implementation of such program. Authorizes the Secretaries to appoint an Administrator of Nutrition Monitoring and Related Research to coordinate such program.

Sets forth the functions of the Secretaries with respect to such program, including: (1) establishing matching grants programs for specified nutritional and dietary purposes; and (2) submitting an annual report to the President for transmittal to the Congress.

Requires the Secretaries to prepare and implement a comprehensive national nutrition monitoring and related research plan which shall: (1) assess and report on U.S. nutritional and dietary trends; (2) assess and report on low-income food and household expenditures; (3) sponsor and conduct research; (4) develop and update a national dietary and nutritional status data bank; (5) assist State and local agencies in developing procedures and networks for nutrition monitoring and surveillance; and (6) focus the activities of Federal agencies. Requires the plan to allocate the project functions and activities among the various Federal agencies and offices involved.

Requires the Secretaries to provide for and coordinate such scientific research and development as may be necessary to support the coordinated program and comprehensive plan.

Authorizes appropriations.

Subtitle C: National Nutrition Monitoring Advisory Council - Establishes a National Nutrition Monitoring Advisory Council to: (1) provide scientific and technical advice on the development and implementation of all components of the coordinated program and the comprehensive plan; (2) evaluate such program and plan; and (3) submit an annual report to the Secretaries.

Subtitle D: Dietary Guidance - Directs the Secretaries to publish and review dietary guidelines for the general population.

Title IV: Effective Dates - Sets forth the effective dates of the provisions of this Act.