Summary: H.R.5161 — 99th Congress (1985-1986)All Information (Except Text)

Bill summaries are authored by CRS.

Shown Here:
Reported to Senate with amendment(s) (09/03/1986)

(Reported to Senate from the Committee on Appropriations with amendment, S. Rept. 99-425)

Departments of Commerce, Justice, and State, the Judiciary, and Related Agencies Appropriation Act, 1987 - Title I: Department of Commerce - Department of Commerce Appropriation Act, 1987 - Appropriates funds for FY 1987 for activities of the Department of Commerce, including: (1) general administration; (2) the Bureau of the Census; (3) economic and statistical analysis; (4) the Economic Development Administration; (5) the International Trade Administration (ITA); (6) the Minority Business Development Agency; (7) the U.S. Travel and Tourism Administration; (8) the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (including transfers of funds); (9) the Patent and Trademark Office; (10) the National Bureau of Standards (NBS); and (11) the National Telecommunications and Information Administration. Rescinds specified funds available to ITA for direct loans.

Appropriates funds as necessary for FY 1987 for the provision of specified supplies and services for employees and dependents of Federal agencies in Alaska and other remote, nonforeign localities. Makes appropriations available for hiring passenger motor vehicles, uniforms, and other services. Prohibits the use of funds provided under this title for the sale to private interests of loans made under the Public Works and Economic Development Act of 1965 or the Trade Act of 1974, except with the borrower's consent.

Authorizes NBS to accept contributions to construct a facility for cold neutron research on materials.

Directs the Secretary of Commerce to submit to the House and Senate Appropriations Committees by September 15, 1986, a report on plans, options, and funding requirements for the continuation of the commercialization of the Land Remote Sensing Satellite Program (LANDSAT) and compliance with the Land Remote Sensing Commercialization Act of 1984 and any contracts entered into thereunder, including a discussion of the feasibility of a TIROS spacecraft launched on a Titan II expendable launch vehicle.

Title II: Department of Justice - Department of Justice Appropriation Act, 1987 - Appropriates funds for FY 1987 for activities of the Department of Justice, including: (1) general administration; (2) the U.S. Parole Commission; (3) legal activities; (4) the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI); (5) the Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA); (6) the Immigration and Naturalization Service (INS); (7) the Federal Prison System (FPS); and (8) Office of Justice programs. Authorizes limited expenditures by Federal Prison Industries, Inc., for program expenses, administrative expenses, and expenses of vocational training of prisoners.

Requires the obligation of specified funds during FY 1987 for victim compensation and assistance programs.

Permits payments to reimburse State and local agencies for expenditures incident to the seizure, detention, or forfeiture of property to be made during FY 1987 from the Department of Justice Assets Forfeiture Fund without regard to appropriations limitations.

Makes a specified amount of funds appropriated in this title available for official reception and representation expenses in accordance with the distributions, procedures, and regulations established by the Attorney General.

Permits material produced by convict labor to be used in the construction of any highways or portion of highways located on Federal-aid systems.

Provides that appropriations for the following accounts shall be available for uniforms and allowances: (1) general administration; (2) the U.S. Marshals Service; (3) the FBI; (4) INS; and (5) FPS.

Provides for the continuation of authorities contained in the Department of Justice Appropriation Authorization Act, Fiscal Year 1980 until the earlier of the termination of this Act or the effective date of a Department of Justice Appropriation Act. Specifies authorization and auditing and reporting requirements with respect to undercover investigative operations conducted by the FBI and DEA during FY 1987.

Amends the Immigration and Nationality Act of 1952 to require the Attorney General to charge five dollars per individual for the immigration inspection of each passenger arriving at a port of entry in the United States or for the preinspection of a passenger aboard a commercial aircraft or vessel prior to such arrival, except for any passenger: (1) whose journey originated in Canada, Mexico, a U.S. territory or possession, or an adjacent island; or (2) who is in transit to a destination outside the United States; and (3) for whom immigration inspection services are not provided. Requires immigration services that are required to be provided to passengers upon arrival in the United States on scheduled airline flights to be provided when needed at no additional cost to airlines and passengers at immigration serviced airports and places outside the United States where an immigration officer is stationed. Requires the inspection fees to be: (1) collected by persons that issue documents or tickets for transportation by a commercial vessel or aircraft to the United States; (2) remitted to the Attorney General; and (3) deposited into the Immigration User Fee Account in the Treasury which shall fund inspection services. Authorizes the Attorney General to receive reimbursement from the owner, operator, or agent of a private or commercial aircraft or vessel or from any airport or seaport authority for providing requested immigration inspection services. Directs the Attorney General to establish an advisory committee on inspectional services which shall consist of representatives from transportation industries. Repeals provisions authorizing the temporary removal of aliens from vessels or aircraft arriving in the United States for examination or inspection.

Title III: Department of State - Department of State Appropriation Act, 1987 - Appropriates funds for FY 1987 for activities of the Department of State, including: (1) the administration of foreign affairs; (2) international organizations and conferences; (3) international commissions (including a transfer of funds); (4) U.S. bilateral science and technology agreements; (5) a grant to the Asia Foundation; and (6) Soviet-East European research and training.

Prohibits the use of funds appropriated pursuant to this title to: (1) promote the principle or doctrine of one world government or one world citizenship; or (2) pay the U.S. contribution to any international organization which promotes such principle or doctrine.

Provides that such State Department appropriations shall be available for: (1) uniform, quarters, overseas, and miscellaneous allowances; (2) expert and consultant services; and (3) the hire of passsenger or freight transportation.

Directs the Secretary of State to report to the appropriate congressional committees on the obligation of funds provided for diplomatic security and related expenses every 30 days after enactment of this Act.

Title IV: The Judiciary - Judiciary Appropriation Act, 1987 - Appropriates funds for FY 1987 for activities of the Judiciary, including: (1) the Supreme Court; (2) the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit; (3) the U.S. Court of International Trade; (4) the Courts of Appeals, district courts, and judicial services; (5) the Administrative Office of the United States Courts; (6) the Federal Judicial Center; (7) bicentennial expenses (including a transfer of funds); and (8) the U.S. Sentencing Commission.

Provides that appropriations and authorizations for the judiciary which are available for salaries and expenses shall be available for expert and consultant services. Makes appropriations under this title available for salaries and expenses of the Temporary Emergency Court of Appeals and the Special Court established under the Regional Rail Reorganization Act of 1973.

Declares that the position of trustee coordinator in the Bankruptcy Courts of the United States shall not be limited to persons with formal legal training.

Prohibits the Administrative Office of the U.S. Courts, or any other agency or instrumentality of the United States, from restricting solely to staff of the Clerks of the U.S. Bankruptcy Courts the issuance of notices to creditors and other interested parties. Requires the Administrative Office to permit and encourage the preparation and mailing of such notices at the expense of the debtors, trustees, or such other interested parties. Requires the Administrator of the U.S. Courts to make appropriate provisions for the use of accounting for any postage required pursuant to such directives. Terminates such directives on October 1, 1987.

Requires that U.S. judges and justices receive the same percentage increase in salary accorded to General Schedule employees during FY 1987.

Increases filing fees for U.S. district courts and bankruptcy courts by specified amounts required to be deposited into a special fund of the Treasury to be available to offset funds appropriated for court operations and maintenance.

Title V: Related Agencies - Appropriates funds for FY 1987 to the Department of Transportation for the Maritime Administration. Authorizes the Administration to furnish utilities, services, and repairs to Government property it controls. Prohibits obligations from the construction fund established by the Merchant Marine Act in excess of the appropriations and limitations contained in this Act.

Appropriates funds for FY 1987 for: (1) the Arms Control and Disarmament Agency; (2) the Board for International Broadcasting; (3) the Christopher Columbus Quincentenary Jubilee Commission; (4) the Commission on the Bicentennial of the United States Constitution; (5) the Commission on Civil Rights; (6) the Commission on Security and Cooperation in Europe; (7) the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission; (8) the Federal Communications Commission; (9) the Federal Maritime Commission; (10) the Federal Trade Commission; (11) the International Trade Commission; (12) the Japan-United States Friendship Commission; (13) the Legal Services Corporation (LSC); (14) the Marine Mammal Commission; (15) the Office of the United States Trade Representative; (16) the Securities and Exchange Commission; (17) the Small Business Administration (SBA) (including transfer of funds); (18) the State Justice Institute; and (19) the United States Information Agency (USIA).

Authorizes the SBA to make expenditures, within applicable limits, and to make contracts and commitments, without regard to fiscal year limitations under the Government Corporation Control Act, as necessary to carry out programs set forth in the budget for the current fiscal year for specified revolving funds.

Provides that funds appropriated under this title to USIA shall be available notwithstanding mandated earmarks and funding floors contained in the Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 1986 and 1987.

Title VI: General Provisions - Prohibits the use of any appropriation for publicity or propaganda purposes not authorized by the Congress.

Prohibits any part of any appropriation from remaining available for obligation beyond the current fiscal year unless expressly so provided in this Act.

Limits any expenditure for consulting services through a procurement contract to those contracts where such expenditures are a matter of public record and available for public inspection.

Prohibits the use of any funds appropriated to LSC under this Act by LSC or any recipient to participate in any litigation concerning abortion, except where the life of the mother would be endandered if the fetus were carried to term.

Requires, under specified conditions, that the Appropriations Committees of both Houses of Congress be notified 15 days in advance of the reprogramming of funds under this Act.

Places the responsibility for the application of the antitrust laws regarding the airline industry with the Department of Justice (currently, the Department of Transportation).

Gives the consent of the Congress to the California-Nevada Interstate Compact.

Title VII: Child Abuse Victims' Rights Act of 1986 - Child Abuse Victims' Rights Act of 1986 - Amends the Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organizations (RICO) statute to extend its coverage to the sexual exploitation of children.

Allows any minor who is a victim of such a RICO violation and who suffers a personal injury to bring a civil action in an appropriate district court and recover treble damages. Provides a six-year statute of limitations for such actions.

Increases the penalties for offenses involving the sexual exploitation of children. Increases from two years to five years the mandatory minimum sentence for repeat offenders.

Requires the Attorney General, within one year, to report to the Congress recommending possible changes in the Federal Rules of Evidence, the Federal Rules of Criminal Procedure, the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure, and other Federal courtroom, prosecutorial, and investigative procedures which would facilitate the participation of child witnesses in cases involving child abuse and sexual exploitation. Specifies a list of considerations, including: (1) the use of closed circuit cameras, two-way mirrors, and other out-of-court statements; (2) the use of judicial discretion to circumscribe the use of harassment and confusing questioning; (3) the use of videotape in investigations; (4) the possibility of streamlining investigative procedures; and (5) improved training of prosecutorial and investigative staff in the special problem of child witnesses.