Summary: H.J.Res.738 — 99th Congress (1985-1986)All Information (Except Text)

Bill summaries are authored by CRS.

Shown Here:
Senate agreed to House amendment with amendment (10/17/1986)

(Senate agreed to House amendment to certain Senate amendment)

Title I: (Not Present) - Makes continuing appropriations for FY 1987.

Makes continuing appropriations for FY 1987 for programs, projects, or activities provided for in the following Acts as modified and prescribed under this Act: (1) the Agriculture, Rural Development, and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 1987; (2) the Departments of Commerce, Justice, and State, the Judiciary, and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 1987, which includes the Department of Commerce Appropriation Act, 1987, the Department of Justice Appropriation Act, 1987, the Department of State Appropriation Act, 1987, the Judiciary Appropriation Act, 1987, the Child Abuse Victims' Rights Act of 1986, and the James Madison Memorial Fellowship Act; (3) the Department of Defense Appropriations Act, 1987, which includes the Defense Acquisition Improvement Act of 1986; (4) the District of Columbia Appropriations Act, 1987; (5) the Energy and Water Development Appropriations Act, 1987; (6) the Foreign Assistance and Related Programs Appropriations Act, 1987; (7) the Department of the Interior and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 1987, which includes the Steamtown National Historic Site Act of 1986; (8) the Military Construction Appropriations Act, 1987; and (9) the Treasury, Postal Service and General Government Appropriations Act, 1987, which includes the Treasury Department Appropriations Act, 1987, the Postal Service Appropriations Act, 1987, the Executive Office Appropriations Act, 1987, the Independent Agencies Appropriations Act, 1987, and the Paperwork Reduction Reauthorization Act of 1986.

Makes continuing appropriations for FY 1987 for programs, projects, or activities provided for in the conference reports and joint explanatory statements filed in the House of Representatives, with specified exceptions, for: (1) the Department of Housing and Urban Development-Independent Agencies Appropriations Act, 1987, which includes the Homeless Housing Act of 1986; (2) the Departments of Labor, Health and Human Services, and Education, and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 1987; which includes the Department of Labor Appropriations Act, 1987, the Department of Health and Human Services Appropriations Act, 1987, and the Department of Education Appropriations Act, 1987; (3) the Legislative Branch Appropriations Act, 1987, which includes the Congressional Operations Appropriation Act, 1987; and (4) the Department of Transportation and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 1987.

Makes continuing appropriations for FY 1987 for the following activities which were conducted in FY 1986, at the current rate, with specified exceptions: (1) refugee and entrant assistance activities; (2) activities authorized by the Follow Through Act; and (3) Economic Development Administration activities.

Provides that funds and authority provided by this Act shall remain available from October 1, 1986, until the earliest of: (1) enactment of an appropriation for any project or activity provided for in this Act; (2) enactment of the applicable appropriation Act by both Houses without any provision for such project or activity; or (3) September 30, 1987.

Amends the Food Security Act of 1985 to limit the amount of payments a person shall be entitled to receive under programs under the Agricultural Act of 1949 for each of the 1987 through 1990 crops, excluding loans and purchases except as specified, to $250,000. Limits the total amount of loans a person may have outstanding at any time under the annual program established for honey. Permits the Secretary of Agriculture to increase such payment or loan limitations if the Secretary determines that they will: (1) result in a substantial increase in the number or dollar amount of loan forfeitures for a crop; (2) substantially reduce the acreage taken out of production under an acreage reduction program; or (3) cause the market prices for a crop to fall substantially below the effective loan rate. Directs the Secretary to review and report to specified congressional committees on ways to implement payment limitations to better ensure fairness and eliminate fraud and abuse.

Provides the Intergency Committee on Cigarette and Little Cigar Fire Safety an additional six months to complete its final technical report and submit policy recommendations to the Congress.

Provides for the continuation of coverage under the Civil Service Retirement System or the Federal Employees' Retirement System for employees engaged in providing food services for the House of Representatives after the food services operations are transferred by contract to a corporation or other person.

Prohibits the Coast Guard from using Federal funds to participate in any demonstration project or to implement in any way the extension of the navigation season on the Great Lakes or the St. Lawrence River without the approval of the House and Senate Committees on Appropriations.

Directs the Federal Aviation Administration to initiate rulemaking action concerning aircraft transponder requirements.

Limits the total revenues available for purposes of the Federal Building Fund. Earmarks certain funds for: (1) the construction of additional projects at specified locations and maximum construction improvement costs; and (2) repairs and alterations, not exceeding specified costs, of specified prospectus projects.

Prohibits the appropriation of funds for the procurement of T-46 aircraft in FY 1987. Permits FY 1986 appropriations for such procurement to be used for the competitive fly-off.

Requires a three percent cost of living increase in pay rates under the General Schedule and other statutory pay systems effective January 1, 1987. Bases determinations of appropriations to provide for such increase on the assumption that Federal agencies will absorb 50 percent of such increase.

Increases the rates of basic pay, basic allowance for subsistence, and basic allowance for quarters of members of the uniformed services by three percent effective January 1, 1987.

Condemns Romania's hostility to the exercise of religious, political, and cultural rights. Calls upon Romania to cease such persecution, to halt its destruction of places of worship, and to lift its ban on the production and distribution of religious literature. Expresses the sense of the Congress that the President, in shaping our bilateral relations with Romania, should consider whether Romania is: (1) halting its religious and political persecution of citizens and its repression of Hungarians and other ethnic minorities; and (2) fulfilling its commitments to permit the printing of several thousand bibles and to provide for places of worship.

Provides that Polish currencies held by the United States and generated by the sale to Poland of surplus U.S. dairy products shall be available for construction and renovation projects in Poland by the Charitable Commission of the Polish Catholic Episcopate for the benefit of handicapped and orphaned children.

Authorizes the President, during FY 1987, to waive the requirement that a country or international organization pay all costs incurred by the United States in leasing defense articles to that country or organization if the lease is made in exchange for a lease, on reciprocal terms, of defense articles for the Department of Defense. Requires the President to submit prior notification of such arrangement to specified congressional committees.

Directs the Secretary of Transportation to examine the feasibility of unmanned radar units for safety purposes on the I-75 corridor in Kenton County, Kentucky.

Requires that assistance be provided to Bolivia in accordance with the Anti-Drug Abuse Act of 1986, as passed by the Senate.

Amends the Social Security Act to establish a State application deadline for Work Incentives (WIN) demonstration projects of June 30, 1987, and to extend the duration of such projects until June 30, 1988.

Authorizes the Administrator of General Services, during FY 1987, to accept periodic reimbursement from the Senate and the House of Representatives for equipment purchased with funds from the General Supply Fund.

Amends the Agricultural Act of 1949 to direct the Secretary of Agriculture, in determining the payment rate for emergency compensation under the 1986 crop wheat program, to use the national weighted average market price, per bushel of wheat, received by producers during the first five months of the marketing year.

Expresses the sense of the Congress that the President should review the activities authorized by the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 and report to specified congressional committees by February 1, 1987, his recommendations for amending the Act or modifying the activities.

Amends the District of Columbia Code to require that eight of the nine members of the District of Columbia Commission on Mental Health be health care professionals who are psychiatrists or doctoral level psychologists.

Authorizes the Office of Surface Mining Reclamation and Enforcement to delay the finalization of the proposed rulemaking concerning the coal mining permit approval process until March 31, 1987.

Title II: Omnibus Drug Supplemental Appropriations Act of 1987 - Omnibus Drug Supplemental Appropriations Act of 1987 - Chapter I - Makes continuing appropriations for FY 1987 for drug-related programs and activities.

Makes continuing appropriations for FY 1987 to the: (1) Department of Justice for legal activities, the Federal Bureau of Investigation, the Drug Enforcement Administration, the Federal Prison System, and Office of Justice programs; (2) judiciary for the Courts of Appeals, District Courts, and other judicial services and for defender services; and (3) United States Information Agency.

Chapter II - Makes continuing appropriations for FY 1987 for: (1) bilateral economic assistance for activities aimed at increasing awareness of the effects of production and trafficking of illicit narcotics on source and transit countries; and (2) the Department of State for international narcotics control.

Chapter III - Makes continuing appropriations for FY 1987 to the: (1) Department of the Interior for the National Park Service and the Bureau of Indian Affairs; and (2) the Department of Health and Human Services for the Health Resources and Services Administration.

Chapter IV - Makes continuing appropriations for FY 1987 to: (1) the Department of Labor for the development of information on drug abuse in the workplace; (2) the Department of Health and Human Services for the Alcohol, Drug Abuse, and Mental Health Administration; (3) the Department of Education for special programs for drug abuse education and prevention activities; and (4) ACTION for substance abuse prevention and education activities.

Chapter V - Makes continuing appropriations for FY 1987 to the Department of Transportation for the Coast Guard.

Chapter VI - Makes continuing appropriations for FY 1987 to the: (1) Department of the Treasury for the U.S. Customs Service and the U.S. Secret Service; and (2) Executive Office of the President for the White House Conference on Drug Abuse and Control.

Chapter VII - Makes continuing appropriations for FY 1987 to the Department of Defense for operation and maintenance and for procurement.

Title III: School Lunch and Child Nutrition Amendments - School Lunch and Child Nutrition Amendments of 1986 - Subtitle A: Reauthorization of Child Nutrition Programs - Amends the Child Nutrition Act of 1966 and the National School Lunch Act to authorize through FY 1989 appropriations for: (1) the childrens' summer food service program; (2) the commodity distribution program; (3) the special supplemental food program for women, infants, and children (WIC); (4) State administrative expenses; and (5) the nutrition education and training (NET) program.

Subtitle B: School Lunch and Breakfast Programs - Amends the National School Lunch Act to require the Secretary of Agriculture: (1) by June 1 of each school year (currently, May 15), to estimate the value of agricultural commodities and other foods that will be delivered during that school year to States for the school lunch program; and (2) by July 1 of that school year (currently, June 15), to pay to each State educational agency the difference between such value and the total assistance authorized.

Includes whole milk as a school-lunch beverage.

Qualifies children participating in the food stamp or aid to families with dependent children (AFDC) programs for free breakfasts and lunches.

Prohibits a participating school from entering a contract with a food service company to provide a la carte food service unless the company agrees to offer free, reduced-price, and full-price reimbursable meals to all eligible children.

Eliminates provisions excluding private schools with tuitions exceeding $1,500 per child from school lunch and breakfast programs.

Provides that a participating school's food facilities and personnel may be used for nonprofit nutrition programs for the elderly.

Authorizes the Secretary of Agriculture to conduct pilot projects to evaluate the effects of the Secretary contracting with private organizations to act as a State agency under the national school lunch and breakfast programs for schools which the Secretary reimburses directly.

Eliminates the authorization of appropriations for the school lunch and breakfast programs at the Department of Defense overseas dependents schools, except for administrative expenses.

Provides for participation in the special milk program of split-session kindergarten programs of nonprofit schools in which children do not have access to the meal service program provided.

Directs the Secretary to: (1) increase the annually adjusted payment for each breakfast served under the school breakfast program by three cents to be used to assist States in improving the nutritional value of the breakfasts; (2) provide to partipating schools an equally-valued amount of commodities which have been acquired and which are not likely to be sold; and (3) review and revise the nutrition requirements to improve the nutritional quality of meals served under the breakfast program.

Extends the lunch program "offer versus serve" provision to the breakfast program. Permits a child to refuse one breakfast item if such refusal option is permitted by the local school food authority.

Eliminates Federal involvement in developing State staffing standards for the administration of the covered nutrition programs.

Subtitle C: Special Supplemental Food Program for Women, Infants, and Children - Prohibits participation in the WIC program by any State in which State or local sales taxes are levied on food purchased with WIC funds.

Requires the Secretary to report biennially to the Congress on the income and nutritional risk characteristics of program participants and the participation of migrant farmworking families.

Revises the requirements of the annual State plan for operation and administration, including an opportunity for public comment.

Targets pregnant women and others for the receipt of available benefit information.

Requires States to recover overpayments of benefits resulting from an intentional omission or misrepresentation by a recipient if it would be cost-effective to do so.

Earmarks WIC funds for the migrant population.

Provides for a reduction in program paperwork.

Permits administrative funds to be used for technical assistance to improve State administrative systems.

Eliminates Federal allocation guidelines for local administrative expenses. Permits rather than requires advance payment of such allocation.

Prohibits States from using more than one percent of a current fiscal year's WIC appropriations for a preceding or subsequent year's expenditures.

Subtitle D: Other Nutrition Programs - Provides that State actions based on Federal audit determinations do not require State hearings. Requires the Secretary to afford an institution a hearing upon request if a State does not provide one.

Decreases the amount that is authorized to be appropriated each fiscal year per State grant for the conduct of nutrition education and information programs.

Directs the Secretary to: (1) permit an eligible school district to continue to receive cash or letters of credit in lieu of commodities under the school lunch program; and (2) provide cash compensation to an eligible school district for losses sustained as a result of the change in methodology used to conduct the school lunch pilot project study.

Directs the Secretary to encourage consumption of donated commodities through processing agreements with private companies.

Subtitle E: Technical Corrections - Makes technical and conforming amendments.

Subtitle F: Sale of Agricultural Notes and Other Obligations - Directs the Secretary to sell obligations held in the Rural Development Insurance Fund to realize specified proceeds during FY 1987, 1988, and 1989 and to sell such obligations on a nonrecourse basis. Provides that Farm Credit System institutions shall be eligible to purchase such obligations and to service, collect, and dispose of such obligations subject to terms and conditions approved by the Secretary and the Farm Credit Administration.

Title IV: (Not Present)

Title V: Aviation Safety - Aviation Safety Commission Act of 1986 - Establishes the Aviation Safety Commission. Directs the Commission to: (1) study how the Federal Aviation Administration may most effectively perform its responsibilities and increase aviation safety; (2) report on such study to the President and the Congress within nine months after enactment of this Act; (3) investigate management and employee relationships within the Administration, particularly the air traffic control system; and (4) report on such investigation to the President and the Congress within 18 months after enactment of this Act. Outlines the main considerations for such study and investigation.

Terminates the Commission 18 months after enactment of this Act. Authorizes appropriations for FY 1987 and 1988.

Title VI: Metropolitan Washington Airports - Metropolitan Washington Airports Act of 1986 - Authorizes the Secretary of Transportation to enter into a 50-year lease of the Metropolitan Washington Airports (Washington National Airport and Washington Dulles International Airport) with the Airports Authority (a public corporation established by this Act solely to operate and improve such airports). States that such authority shall lapse two years after the date of enactment of this Act.

Sets forth lease payments and conditions, including requirements that: (1) the Metropolitan Washington Airports be operated as a unit and as primary airports serving the Metropolitan Washington area; (2) the real property constituting such airports be used only for airport purposes; (3) the Airports Authority (the Authority) be subject to certain requirements of the Airport and Airway Improvement Act of 1982; (4) the Authority may not change the number of instrument flight rule takeoffs and landings authorized by the High Density Rule at Washington National Airport; (5) the Authority shall continue all collective bargaining rights of Metropolitan Washington Airports employees; and (6) the Secretary must submit such 50-year lease to the Congress.

Expresses the sense of the Congress that the Airports Authority should: (1) pursue the improvement, construction, and rehabilitation of the facilities at the Metropolitan Washington Airports simultaneously; and (2) complete such improvement, construction, and rehabilitation within five years after the earliest date on which the Airports Authority issues bonds.

Requires the Airports Authority to be a public corporate body with powers conferred upon it jointly by the Commonwealth of Virginia and the District of Columbia under specified guidelines which include: (1) operation of Metropolitan Washington Airports for public purposes; (2) independence from Virginia, its local governments, the District of Columbia, and the Federal Government; (3) authority to issue bonds; (4) authority to acquire real and personal property; (5) authority to exercise the power of eminent domain within Virginia; and (6) authority to levy fees and enter into agreements.

Sets forth conflict-of-interest provisions for members of the Board of Directors of such authority.

Prescribes the membership and terms of the Airport Authority's board of directors, including the appointment of: (1) five members by the Governor of Virginia; (2) three members by the Mayor of the District of Columbia; (3) two members by the Governor of Maryland; and (4) one member by the President with the advice and consent of the Senate.

Requires the board of directors to establish a Board of Review (comprised of members of Congress) to review certain actions of such board of directors for approval or disapproval. Sets forth the membership and terms of such Board of Review.

Sets forth guidelines for the protection of Federal employee interests during the five-year period, including: (1) retention of employees; (2) adoption of pre-transfer labor agreements; (3) credit for accrued annual and sick leave and seniority rights; (4) life and health insurance benefits; and (5) retention of pre-transfer retirement benefits.

Requires the continuation during the 50-year lease term of all collective bargaining rights enjoyed by transferred employees retained by the Airports Authority.

Confers upon the Airports Authority during the 50-year lease the same proprietary powers and restrictions with respect to Federal law as any other airport. Declares that the Metropolitan Washington Airports shall qualify as a "public airport" eligible for Federal assistance on the same basis as any comparable public airport operated by a regional authority.

Grants the Commonwealth of Virginia concurrent police power authority over the Metropolitan Washington Airports, and grants the Virginia courts jurisdiction over Washington National Airport.

Makes the authority of the National Capital Planning Commission inapplicable to the Airports Authority, but requires the Airports Authority to consult with such Commission and with the Advisory Council on Historic Preservation before undertaking actions which would materially alter either the exterior of the Dulles Terminal or the skyline of Washington National Airport.

Prohibits the Administrator of the Federal Aviation Administration (the Administrator) from altering the number of instrument flight rule takeoffs and landings authorized by the High Density Rule at Washington National Airport except for safety reasons.

Authorizes the Secretary and the Airports Authority to extend the lease of the Metropolitan Washington Airports.

Prohibits nonstop flights between Washington National Airport and any airport that is more than 1,250 statute miles away.