Full texts of bills are not available on Congress.gov for bills prior to 1989 (101st Congress).

Click the check-box to add or remove the section, click the text link to scroll to that section.
Titles Actions Overview All Actions Cosponsors Committees Related Bills Subjects Latest Summary All Summaries

Titles (6)

Short Titles

Short Titles as Enacted

Immigration Reform and Control Act of 1986

Short Titles - House of Representatives

Short Titles as Passed House

Immigration Control and Legalization Amendments Act of 1986

Short Titles - Senate

Short Titles as Passed Senate

Immigration Reform and Control Act of 1985

Short Titles as Reported to Senate

Immigration Reform and Control Act of 1985

Short Titles as Introduced

Immigration Reform and Control Act of 1985

Official Titles

Official Titles - Senate

Official Titles as Introduced

A bill to amend the Immigration and Nationality Act to effectively control unauthorized immigration into the United States, and for other purposes.


Actions Overview (16)

Date
11/06/1986Became Public Law No: 99-603.
11/06/1986Signed by President.
10/30/1986Presented to President.
10/17/1986Conference report agreed to in Senate: Senate agreed to conference report by Yea-Nay Vote. 63-24. Record Vote No: 357.
10/15/1986Conference report agreed to in House: House Agreed to Conference Report by Yea-Nay Vote: 238 - 173 (Record Vote No: 469).
10/14/1986Conference report filed: Conference Report 99-1000 Filed in House.
10/14/1986Conference committee actions: Conferees agreed to file conference report.
10/11/1986Conference committee actions: Conference held.
10/10/1986Resolving differences -- Senate actions: Senate disagreed to the House amendments by Voice Vote.
10/10/1986Conference committee actions: Conference held.
10/10/1986Resolving differences -- House actions: House Insisted on its Amendments by Unanimous Consent.
10/09/1986Passed/agreed to in House: Passed House (Amended) by Voice Vote.
09/19/1985Passed/agreed to in Senate: Passed Senate with amendments by Yea-Nay Vote. 69-30. Record Vote No: 191.
09/19/1985Committee on Budget. Reported to Senate by Senator Domenici without amendment. Without written report.
08/28/1985Committee on Judiciary. Reported to Senate by Senator Thurmond under the authority of the order of Aug 1, 85 with amendments. With written report No. 99-132. Minority views filed.
05/23/1985Introduced in Senate

All Actions (148)

Date Chamber
11/06/1986Became Public Law No: 99-603.
11/06/1986Signed by President.
10/30/1986SenatePresented to President.
10/29/1986SenateMeasure Signed in Senate.
10/17/1986SenateSenate agreed to conference report by Yea-Nay Vote. 63-24. Record Vote No: 357.
10/17/1986SenateConference report considered in Senate.
10/17/1986SenateCloture on the conference report invoked in Senate by Yea-Nay Vote. 69-21. Record Vote No: 355.
10/16/1986SenateMotion to waive the Budget Act with respect to the consideration of the Act agreed to by Yea-Nay Vote. 75-21. Record Vote No: 348.
10/16/1986SenateConference report considered in Senate.
10/15/1986SenateCloture motion on the conference report presented in Senate.
10/15/1986SenateMeasure laid before Senate by unanimous consent.
10/15/1986SenateConference papers, Senate report and managers' statement and message on House action held at the desk.
10/15/1986HouseHouse Agreed to Conference Report by Yea-Nay Vote: 238 - 173 (Record Vote No: 469).
10/14/1986HouseConference Report 99-1000 Filed in House.
10/14/1986Conferees agreed to file conference report.
Action By: Both Chambers
10/14/1986HouseRules Committee Resolution H.Res.592 Reported to House.
10/14/1986HouseCommittee on Rules Granted a Rule Waiving All Points of Order Against the Conference Report and Waiving All Points of Order Against Its Consideration.
10/11/1986Conference held.
Action By: Both Chambers
10/10/1986SenateSenate agreed to request for conference. Appointed conferees. Thurmond; Simpson; Denton; Mathias; Kennedy; Simon; Metzenbaum.
10/10/1986SenateSenate disagreed to the House amendments by Voice Vote.
10/10/1986SenateMessage on House action received in Senate and held at desk: House amendments to Senate bill and House requests a conference.
10/10/1986Conference held.
Action By: Both Chambers
10/10/1986HouseHouse Requested a Conference and Speaker Appointed Conferees: Hawkins, Ford (MI), Jeffords, Dingell, Waxman, Dannemeyer, Ford (TN), Pease, Daub, Beilenson, Taylor, Moakley.
10/10/1986HouseHouse Requested a Conference and Speaker Appointed Conferees: Rodino, Kastenmeier, Seiberling, Mazzoli, Synar, Frank, Schumer, Smith (FL), Berman, Boucher, Bryant, Fish, Moorhead, Lungren, McCollum, Shaw, DeWine, Panetta, Huckaby, Morrison (WA).
10/10/1986HouseHouse Conferees Instructed.
10/10/1986HouseHouse Insisted on its Amendments by Unanimous Consent.
10/09/1986HouseHouse Incorporated H.R.3810 in This Measure as an Amendment.
10/09/1986HousePassed House (Amended) by Voice Vote.
09/19/1985SenatePassed Senate with amendments by Yea-Nay Vote. 69-30. Record Vote No: 191.
09/19/1985SenateCommittee on Budget. Reported to Senate by Senator Domenici without amendment. Without written report.
Action By: Committee on the Budget
09/19/1985SenateReferred to the Committee on Budget pursuant to the motion to commit.
09/19/1985SenateMotion to commit agreed to by Voice Vote.
09/19/1985SenateMotion to commit the bill to the Committee on the Budget, with instructions to report the bill back forthwith containing the amendments heretofore agreed to.
09/19/1985SenateConsidered by Senate.
09/19/1985SenateS.Amdt.623 SP 623 fell when the bill was committed to the COmmittee on the Budget.
09/19/1985SenateS.Amdt.622 SP 622 fell when the bill was committed to the Committee on the Budget.
09/19/1985SenateS.Amdt.622 Considered by Senate.
09/19/1985SenateS.Amdt.623 Motion to table SP 623 rejected in Senate by Yea-Nay Vote. 22-77. Record Vote No: 189.
09/19/1985SenateS.Amdt.623 Considered by Senate.
09/19/1985SenateS.Amdt.645 Amendment SP 645 agreed to in Senate by Yea-Nay Vote. 79-20. Record Vote No: 190.
09/19/1985SenateS.Amdt.644 Amendment SP 644 to the motion to commit agreed to in Senate by Voice Vote.
09/19/1985SenateS.Amdt.646 Amendment SP 646 agreed to in Senate by Voice Vote.
09/19/1985SenateS.Amdt.645 Proposed by Senator Cranston to Amendment SP 644. To express the sense of the Senate that the legislation reported from the Budget Committee should be sequentially referred to the Committee on Finance and that it shall report the legislation on or before November 3, 1985.
09/19/1985SenateS.Amdt.644 Proposed by Senator Riegle. To express the sense of the Senate that the legislation reported from the Committee on the Budget should be sequentially referred to the Committee on Finance and that it shall report the legislation on or before November 2, 1985.
09/19/1985SenateS.Amdt.646 Proposed by Senator Simpson. Of a technical nature.
09/18/1985SenateConsidered by Senate.
09/18/1985SenateS.Amdt.622 Considered by Senate.
09/18/1985SenateS.Amdt.641 Amendment SP 641 agreed to in Senate by Voice Vote.
09/18/1985SenateS.Amdt.623 Considered by Senate.
09/18/1985SenateS.Amdt.641 Motion to table rejected in Senate by Yea-Nay Vote. 40-56. Record Vote No: 188.
09/18/1985SenateS.Amdt.641 Proposed by Senator Simon. To provide a termination date for certain agricultural provisions of the Act.
09/17/1985SenateConsidered by Senate.
09/17/1985SenateS.Amdt.618 Considered by Senate.
09/17/1985SenateS.Amdt.611 Amendment agreed to in Senate by Yea-Nay Vote. 82-15. Record Vote No: 182.
09/17/1985SenateS.Amdt.612 Amendment SP 612 agreed to in Senate by Voice Vote.
09/17/1985SenateS.Amdt.616 Amendment SP 616 agreed to in Senate by Voice Vote.
09/17/1985SenateS.Amdt.624 Amendment SP 624 agreed to in Senate by Yea-Nay Vote. 74-22. Record Vote No: 185.
09/17/1985SenateS.Amdt.619 SP 619 fell when SP 618 tabled.
09/17/1985SenateS.Amdt.621 Motion to table SP 621 agreed to in Senate by Yea-Nay Vote. 66-30. Record Vote No: 184.
09/17/1985SenateS.Amdt.618 Motion to table agreed to in Senate by Yea-Nay Vote. 66-30. Record Vote No: 183.
09/17/1985SenateS.Amdt.621 Considered by Senate.
09/17/1985SenateS.Amdt.611 Considered by Senate.
09/17/1985SenateS.Amdt.619 Considered by Senate.
09/17/1985SenateS.Amdt.612 Considered by Senate.
09/17/1985SenateS.Amdt.616 Considered by Senate.
09/17/1985SenateS.Amdt.622 Considered by Senate.
09/17/1985SenateS.Amdt.624 Considered by Senate.
09/17/1985SenateS.Amdt.629 Amendment SP 629 agreed to in Senate by Voice Vote.
09/17/1985SenateS.Amdt.614 Amendment SP 614 agreed to in Senate by Yea-Nay Vote. 51-44. Record Vote No: 186.
09/17/1985SenateS.Amdt.628 Motion to table agreed to in Senate by Yea-Nay Vote. 54-41. Record Vote No: 187.
09/17/1985SenateS.Amdt.629 Proposed by Senator Wilson. To provide State legislation impact-assistance grants for six fiscal years, and for other purposes.
09/17/1985SenateS.Amdt.614 Proposed by Senator Wilson to Amendment SP 616. To provide a seasonal agricultural worker program for employment in perishable commodities
09/17/1985SenateS.Amdt.628 Proposed by Senator Levin. To provide for the status of aliens before legalization.
09/16/1985SenateConsidered by Senate.
09/16/1985SenateS.Amdt.618 Considered by Senate.
09/16/1985SenateS.Amdt.620 Proposed amendment SP 620 withdrawn in Senate.
09/16/1985SenateS.Amdt.625 Amendment SP 625 agreed to in Senate by Voice Vote.
09/16/1985SenateS.Amdt.621 Proposed by Senator Simon. To revise the provisions of grounds for exclusion.
09/16/1985SenateS.Amdt.625 Proposed by Senator Simon. Expressing the sense of the Congress that the Presidents of the U.S. and Mexico should consult within 90 days on the implementation of this act.
09/16/1985SenateS.Amdt.623 Proposed by Senator Heinz to Amendment SP 622. To express the sense of the Senate regarding the separation of Social Security Trust Funds from the Unified Federal Budget.
09/16/1985SenateS.Amdt.619 Proposed by Senator Symms to Amendment SP 618. To state the Congress declares the Monroe Doctrine to be the national policy of the United States.
09/16/1985SenateS.Amdt.616 Proposed by Senator Wilson. To provide a seasonal agricultural worker program for employment in perishable commodities.
09/16/1985SenateS.Amdt.620 Proposed by Senator Simon. To provide that the President, after consultation with the President of the Republic of Mexico, may suspend any or all portions of the Act for not longer than 90 days, if the President believes it would be in the interest of either or both countries to postpone enactment of such provisions.
09/16/1985SenateS.Amdt.622 Proposed by Senator Heinz for Senator Hawkins. To add a new heading: Title IV--Miscellaneous Provisions.
09/16/1985SenateS.Amdt.624 Proposed by Senator D'Amato. To require the Federal Government to reimburse State governments for the cost of incarcerating in State prisons illegal aliens and Marielito Cubans who commit felonies.
09/13/1985SenateConsidered by Senate.
09/13/1985SenateS.Amdt.600 Amendment SP 600 as amended agreed to in Senate by Voice Vote.
09/13/1985SenateS.Amdt.600 Motion to table rejected in Senate by Yea-Nay Vote. 31-59. Record Vote No: 178.
09/13/1985SenateS.Amdt.600 Considered by Senate.
09/13/1985SenateS.Amdt.617 Proposed amendment SP 617 withdrawn in Senate.
09/13/1985SenateS.Amdt.602 Proposed amendment SP 602 withdrawn in Senate.
09/13/1985SenateS.Amdt.606 Proposed amendment SP 606 withdrawn in Senate.
09/13/1985SenateS.Amdt.609 Amendment SP 609 agreed to in Senate by Voice Vote.
09/13/1985SenateS.Amdt.603 Amendment SP 603 agreed to in Senate by Voice Vote.
09/13/1985SenateS.Amdt.607 Amendment SP 607 agreed to in Senate by Yea-Nay Vote. 51-39. Record Vote No: 180.
09/13/1985SenateS.Amdt.610 Amendment SP 609 agreed to in Senate by Voice Vote.
09/13/1985SenateS.Amdt.604 Amendment SP 604 agreed to in Senate by Voice Vote.
09/13/1985SenateS.Amdt.605 Amendment SP 605 not agreed to in Senate by Yea-Nay Vote. 26-65. Record Vote No: 179.
09/13/1985SenateS.Amdt.608 Motion to table SP 608 agreed to in Senate by Yea-Nay Vote. 82-6. Record Vote No: 181.
09/13/1985SenateS.Amdt.605 Proposed by Senator Kennedy. To substitute provisions regarding the legalization of aliens.
09/13/1985SenateS.Amdt.609 Proposed by Senator Chiles. To require the Attorney General to conduct a study on the use of a telephone verification system for determining employment eligibility in the United States.
09/13/1985SenateS.Amdt.617 Proposed by Senator Simpson. To require that the majority leader and the minority leader of the U.S. Senate be consulted by the President pro tempore before he appoints or nominates persons to be members of the Commission on Temporary Agricultural Worker Programs and the Legalization Commission.
09/13/1985SenateS.Amdt.603 Proposed by Senator Kennedy to Amendment SP 600. To make the effective dates of certain verification procedures subject to findings in a GAO report.
09/13/1985SenateS.Amdt.607 Proposed by Senator McClure. To prohibit an officer or employee of the Immigration and Naturalization Service from entering a farm without a properly executed warrant.
09/13/1985SenateS.Amdt.611 Proposed by Senator Exon. TO express the sense of the Senate with regard to ethanol imports.
09/13/1985SenateS.Amdt.610 Proposed by Senator Moynihan. To require the Comptroller General of the United States to investigate ways to reduce counterfeiting of social security account number cards.
09/13/1985SenateS.Amdt.612 Proposed by Senator Metzenbaum. To improve housing for temporary agricultural workers.
09/13/1985SenateS.Amdt.618 Proposed by Senator Symms. To provide that no agency or instrument of the United States, or any corporation or other entity created by act of Congress shall extend any loan or other form of credit of whatever nature to any government or agency thereof, of any country in North America which allows access to its ports to any nuclear weapons delivery-capable Soviet naval vessel (except vessels in extremis) at any time after September 20, 1985.
09/13/1985SenateS.Amdt.602 Proposed by Senator Heinz to Amendment SP 600. To express the sense of the Senate regarding the separation of Social Security Trust Funds from the Unified Federal Budget.
09/13/1985SenateS.Amdt.604 Proposed by Senator Kennedy. To terminate provisions relating to the unlawful employment of aliens if the Comptroller General reports that certain adverse conditions have resulted from carrying out such provisions.
09/13/1985SenateS.Amdt.606 Proposed by Senator Hart. Relating to unfair immigration-related employment practices.
09/13/1985SenateS.Amdt.608 Proposed by Senator Cranston. To provide that documents required to establish residence and physical presence in the United States may include a rent receipt, bank book utility bill, or an affidavit from a credible witness (such as a parish priest).
09/12/1985SenateConsidered by Senate.
09/12/1985SenateS.Amdt.593 Amendment SP 593 agreed to in Senate by Voice Vote.
09/12/1985SenateS.Amdt.601 Amendment SP 601 agreed to in Senate by Voice Vote.
09/12/1985SenateS.Amdt.599 Amendment SP 599 agreed to in Senate by Voice Vote.
09/12/1985SenateS.Amdt.596 Amendment SP 596 agreed to in Senate by Voice Vote.
09/12/1985SenateS.Amdt.598 Amendment SP 598 agreed to in Senate by Voice Vote.
09/12/1985SenateS.Amdt.595 SP 595 fell when SP 594 tabled.
09/12/1985SenateS.Amdt.597 Motion to table SP 597 agreed to in Senate by Yea-Nay Vote. 62-34. Record Vote No: 177.
09/12/1985SenateS.Amdt.594 Motion to table SP 594 agreed to in Senate by Yea-Nay Vote. 50-48. Record Vote No: 176.
09/12/1985SenateS.Amdt.593 Proposed by Senator Baucus. To eliminate the provisions allowing the imposition of fees for an alien's use of border facilities.
09/12/1985SenateS.Amdt.597 Proposed by Senator Kerry. To delay the testing by the United States of the Space Defense System (anti-satellite weapon) against an object in space until after the November summit conference.
09/12/1985SenateS.Amdt.601 Proposed by Senator Pressler. Express the sense of the Senate that the visa waiver pilot program will achieve highly desirable goals which are in the national interest.
09/12/1985SenateS.Amdt.595 Proposed by Senator Wilson to Amendment SP 594. To provide a seasonal agricultural worker program for employment in perishable commodities.
09/12/1985SenateS.Amdt.599 Proposed by Senator McClure. To express the sense of the Congress that the English language is the official language of the United States.
09/12/1985SenateS.Amdt.594 Proposed by Senator Hatch. To insert a new section heading dealing with seasonal agricultural worker program.
09/12/1985SenateS.Amdt.596 Proposed by Senator Chiles. To modify the definition of a special Cuban or Haitian entrant, and for other purposes.
09/12/1985SenateS.Amdt.598 Proposed by Senator Hawkins. To authorize an immigration emergency revolving fund of $35,000,000 to be used to provide for an increase in border patrol or other enforcement activities of the Service, and for reimbursement of State and localities in providing assistance in meeting an immigration emergency.
09/12/1985SenateS.Amdt.600 Proposed by Senator Hawkins. To extend the income and eligibility verification system under section 1137 of the Social Security Act so as to provide for verification of immigration status in the cases of aliens applying for benefits under specified welfare and other programs.
09/11/1985SenateMeasure laid before Senate by unanimous consent.
09/11/1985SenateS.Amdt.591 Amendment SP 591 agreed to in Senate by Voice Vote.
09/11/1985SenateS.Amdt.591 Proposed by Senator Simon. To increase the colonial quota.
09/10/1985SenateMotion to proceed to consideration of measure made in Senate.
08/28/1985SenatePlaced on Senate Legislative Calendar under General Orders. Calendar No. 282.
08/28/1985SenateCommittee on Judiciary. Reported to Senate by Senator Thurmond under the authority of the order of Aug 1, 85 with amendments. With written report No. 99-132. Minority views filed.
Action By: Committee on the Judiciary
07/30/1985SenateCommittee on Judiciary. Ordered to be reported with amendments favorably.
Action By: Committee on the Judiciary
07/25/1985SenateCommittee on Judiciary. Committee consideration and Mark Up Session held.
Action By: Committee on the Judiciary
07/23/1985SenateCommittee on Judiciary. Committee consideration and Mark Up Session held.
Action By: Committee on the Judiciary
07/18/1985SenateCommittee on Judiciary. Committee consideration and Mark Up Session held.
Action By: Committee on the Judiciary
07/15/1985SenateCommittee on Judiciary received executive comment from GAO.
Action By: Committee on the Judiciary
07/10/1985SenateCommittee on Judiciary. Subcommittee on Immigration and Refugee Policy discharged from further consideration.
Action By: Committee on the Judiciary
06/24/1985SenateSubcommittee on Immigration and Refugee Policy. Hearings concluded. Hearings printed: S.Hrg. 99-273.
Action By: Senate Judiciary Subcommittee on Immigration and Refugee Policy
06/18/1985SenateSubcommittee on Immigration and Refugee Policy. Hearings held.
Action By: Senate Judiciary Subcommittee on Immigration and Refugee Policy
06/17/1985SenateSubcommittee on Immigration and Refugee Policy. Hearings held.
Action By: Senate Judiciary Subcommittee on Immigration and Refugee Policy
06/05/1985SenateCommittee on Judiciary requested executive comment from Justice Department, State Department.
Action By: Committee on the Judiciary
06/05/1985SenateReferred to Subcommittee on Immigration and Refugee Policy.
Action By: Committee on the Judiciary
05/23/1985SenateRead twice and referred to the Committee on Judiciary.

Cosponsors (0)

No cosponsors.


Committees (2)

Committees, subcommittees and links to reports associated with this bill are listed here, as well as the nature and date of committee activity and Congressional report number.

Committee / Subcommittee Date Activity Reports
Senate Judiciary05/23/1985 Referred to
07/30/1985 Markup by
08/28/1985 Reported by S.Rept 99-132
Senate Judiciary Subcommittee on Immigration and Refugee Policy06/05/1985 Referred to
06/24/1985 Hearings by
Senate Budget09/19/1985 Referred to
09/19/1985 Reported by

A related bill may be a companion measure, an identical bill, a procedurally-related measure, or one with text similarities. Bill relationships are identified by the House, the Senate, or CRS, and refer only to same-congress measures.


Latest Summary (5)

There are 5 summaries for S.1200. View summaries

Shown Here:
Conference report filed in House (10/14/1986)

(Conference report filed in House, H. Rept. 99-1000)

Immigration Reform and Control Act of 1986 - Title I: Control of Illegal Immigration - Part A: Employment - Amends the Immigration and Nationality Act to make it unlawful for a person or other entity to: (1) hire (including through subcontractors), recruit, or refer for a fee for U.S. employment any alien knowing that such person is unauthorized to work, or any person without verifying his or her work status; or (2) continue to employ an alien knowing of such person's unauthorized work status.

Makes verification compliance (including the use of State employment agency documentation) an affirmative defense to any hiring or referral violation.

Establishes an employment verification system. Requires: (1) the employer to attest, on a form developed by the Attorney General, that the employee's work status has been verified by examination of a passport, birth certificate, social security card, alien documentation papers, or other proof; (2) the worker to similarly attest that he or she is a U.S. citizen or national, or authorized alien; and (3) the employer to keep such records for three years in the case of referral or recruitment, or the later of three years or one year after employment termination in the case of hiring.

States that nothing in this Act shall be construed to authorize a national identity card or system.

Directs the President to monitor and evaluate the verification system and implement changes as necessary within 60 days after notifying the appropriate congressional committees (within two years for a major change). Prohibits implementation of a major change unless the Congress provides funds for such purpose. Authorizes related demonstration projects of up to three years.

Limits the use of such verification system or any required identification document to enforcing this Act and not for other law enforcement purposes.

Directs the Attorney General to establish complaint and investigation procedures which shall provide for: (1) individuals and entities to file written, signed complaints regarding potential hiring violations; (2) INS investigations of complaints with substantial probability of validity; (3) Department of Justice-initiated investigations; and (4) designation of a specific INS unit to prosecute such violations.

Sets forth employer sanction provisions. Provides for a six-month period of public education during which no employment violation penalties shall be imposed.

Provides for a subsequent 12-month period during which violators shall be issued warning citations. Defers enforcement for seasonal agricultural services.

Provides, at the end of such citation period, for graduated first and subsequent-offense civil penalties, injunctive remedies, or criminal penalties (for pattern or practice violations). Subjects violators to graduated civil penalties for related paperwork violations.

Directs the Attorney General to provide notice and, upon request, an administrative hearing in the case of a disputed penalty. States that: (1) judicial review of a final administrative penalty shall be in the U.S. court of appeals; and (2) suits to collect unpaid penalties shall be filed in U.S. district courts.

Makes it unlawful for an employer to require an employee to provide any type of financial guarantee or indemnity against any potential employment liability. Subjects violators, after notice and hearing opportunity, to a civil penalty for each violation and the return of any such amounts received.

States that such employer sanction provisions preempt State and local laws.

Requires the General Accounting Office (GAO) to submit to the Congress and to a specially created task force three annual reports regarding the operation of the employer sanction program, including a determination of whether a pattern of national origin discrimination has resulted. States that if the GAO report makes such a determination: (1) the task force shall so report to the Congress; and (2) the House and the Senate shall hold hearings within 60 days.

Terminates employer sanctions 30 days after receipt of the last GAO report if: (1) GAO finds a widespread pattern of discrimination has resulted from the employer sanctions; and (2) the Congress enacts a joint resolution within such 30-day period approving such findings.

Amends the Migrant and Seasonal Agricultural Worker Protection Act to subject farm labor contractors to the requirements of this Act, beginning seven months after enactment.

Directs the Attorney General, in consultation with the Secretary of Labor and the Secretary of Health and Human Services, to conduct a study of the use of a telephone system to verify the employment status of job applicants. Requires related congressional reports.

Directs the Comptroller General to: (1) investigate ways to reduce counterfeiting of social security account number cards; and (2) report to the appropriate congressional committees within one year.

Directs the Secretary of Health and Human Services, acting through the Social Security Administration and in cooperation with the Attorney General and the Secretary of Labor, to: (1) conduct a study of the feasibility of establishing a social security number validation system; and (2) report to the appropriate congressional committees within two years.

Makes it an unfair immigration-related employment practice for an employer of three or more persons to discriminate against any individual (other than an unauthorized alien) with respect to hiring, recruitment, firing, or referral for fee, because of such individual's origin or citizenship (or intended citizenship) status. States that it is not an unfair immigration-related employment practice to hire a U.S. citizen or national over an equally qualified alien.

Requires that complaints of violations of an immigration-related employment practice be filed with the Special Counsel for Immigration-Related Unfair Employment Practices (established by this Act) within the Department of Justice. Prohibits the overlap of immigration-related discrimination complaints and discrimination complaints filed with the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission.

Authorizes the Special Counsel to: (1) investigate complaints and determine (within 120 days) whether to bring such complaints before a specially trained administrative law judge; and (2) initiate investigations and complaints. Permits private actions if the Special Counsel does not file a complaint within such 120-day period. Sets forth related administrative provisions.

Makes it illegal to fraudulently misuse or manufacture entry or work documents.

Part B: Improvement of Enforcement and Services - States that essential elements of the immigration control and reform program established by this Act are increased enforcement and administrative activities of the Border Patrol, the Immigration and Naturalization Service (INS), and other appropriate Federal agencies.

Authorizes increased FY 1987 and 1988 appropriations for: (1) INS; and (2) the Executive Office of Immigration Review. Obligates increased funding in FY 1987 and 1988 for the border patrol.

Directs the Attorney General, from funds appropriated to the Department of Justice for INS, to provide for improved immigration and naturalization services and for enhanced community outreach and in-service personnel training.

Authorizes additional appropriations for wage and hour enforcement.

Revises the criminal penalties for the unlawful transportation of unauthorized aliens into the United States.

Authorizes a $35,000,000 immigration emergency fund to be established in the Treasury for necessary enforcement activities and related State and local reimbursements.

Permits the owner or operator of a railroad line, international bridge, or toll road to request the Attorney General to inspect and approve measures taken to prevent aliens from illegally crossing into the United States. States that such approved measures shall be prima facie evidence of compliance with obligations under such Act to prevent illegal entries.

Expresses the sense of the Congress that the immigration laws of the United States should be vigorously enforced, while taking care to protect the rights and safety of U.S. citizens and aliens.

Requires INS to have an owner's consent or a warrant before entering a farm or outdoor operations to interrogate persons to determine if undocumented aliens are present.

Prohibits the adjustment of status to permanent resident for violators of (nonimmigrant) visa terms.

Title II: Legalization - Directs the Attorney General to adjust to temporary resident status those aliens who: (1) apply within 18 months; (2) establish that they entered the United States before January 1, 1982, and have resided here continuously in an unlawful status (including Cuban/Haitian entrants) since such date; and (3) are otherwise admissible.

Authorizes similar status adjustment for specified aliens who entered legally as nonimmigrants but whose period of authorized stay ended before January 1, 1982. (States that in the case of exchange visitors the two-year foreign residence requirement must have been met or waived.)

Prohibits the legalization of persons: (1) convicted of a felony or three or more misdemeanors in the United States; or (2) who have taken part in political, religious, or racial persecution. Requires an alien applying for temporary resident status to register under the Military Selective Service Act, if such Act so requires.

Directs the Attorney General to adjust the status of temporary resident aliens to permanent resident if the alien: (1) applies during the one-year period beginning with the 19th month following the grant of temporary resident status; (2) has established continuous residence in the United States since the grant of temporary resident status; (3) is otherwise admissible and has not been convicted of a felony or three or more misdemeanors committed in the United States; and (4) either meets the minimum requirements for an understanding of English and a knowledge of American history and government, or demonstrates the satisfactory pursuit of a course of study in these subjects. (Authorizes an exemption from such language and history requirement for individuals 65 years of age or older.)

Specifies circumstances in which the Attorney General may terminate an alien's temporary resident status. Permits travel abroad and employment during such period.

Authorizes the filing of status adjustment applications with the Attorney General or designated voluntary or governmental agencies. Directs the Attorney General to work with such agencies to: (1) disseminate program information; and (2) process aliens. Provides for the confidential treatment of application records. Establishes criminal penalties (fines, imprisonment, or both) for: (1) violations of such confidentiality; and (2) false application statements. Provides for application fees.

Waives numerical limitations, labor certification, and other specified entry violations for such aliens. Permits the Attorney General to waive other grounds for exclusion (except criminal, most drug-related, and security grounds) to assure family unity or when otherwise in the national interest.

Requires the Attorney General to provide an alien otherwise eligible but unregistered who is apprehended before the end of the application period, an opportunity to apply for the legalization program before deportation or exclusion proceedings are begun. States that such alien shall be authorized to work in the United States pending disposition of the case.

Provides for administrative and judicial review of a determination respecting an application for adjustment of status under this Act.

Makes legalized aliens (other than Cuban/Haitian entrants) ineligible for Federal financial assistance, Medicaid (with certain exceptions), or food stamps for five years following a grant of temporary resident status and for five years following a grant of permanent resident status (permits aid to the aged, blind, or disabled). States that programs authorized under the National School Lunch Act, the Child Nutrition Act of 1966, the Vocational Education Act of 1963, chapter 1 of the Education Consolidation and Improvement Act of 1981, the Headstart-Follow Through Act, the Job Training Partnership Act, title IV of the Higher Education Act of 1965, the Public Health Service Act, and titles V, XVI, and XX of the Social Security Act shall not be construed as prohibited assistance. Continues assistance to aliens under the Refugee Education Assistance Act of 1980 without regard to adjustment of status.

Requires the Attorney General to disseminate information regarding the legalization program.

Establishes procedures for the status adjustment to permanent resident of certain Cuban and Haitian entrants who arrived in the United States before January 1, 1982.

Updates from June 30, 1948, to January 1, 1972, the registry date for permanent entry admissions records.

Authorizes FY 1988 through 1991 appropriations for State legalization impact assistance grants. Permits States to spend unused funds through FY 1994. Prohibits offsets for Medicaid and supplemental security income costs. Bases State amounts on the number of legalized aliens and related expenditures. Permits States to use such funds to reimburse public assistance, health, and education costs. Limits reimbursement to actual costs.

Title III: Reform of Legal Immigration - Part A: Temporary Agricultural Workers - Separates temporary agricultural labor from other temporary labor for purposes of nonimmigrant (H-2A visa) worker provisions.

Requires an employer H-2A visa petition to certify that: (1) there are not enough local U.S. workers for the job; and (2) similarly employed U.S. workers' wages and working conditions will not be adversely affected. Authorizes the Secretary of Labor to charge application fees.

Prohibits the Secretary from approving such petition if: (1) the job is open because of a strike or lock-out; (2) the employer violated temporary worker admissions terms; (3) in a case where such workers are not covered by State workers' compensation laws, the employer has not provided equivalent protection at no cost to such workers; or (4) the employer has not made regional recruitment efforts in the traditional or expected labor supply.

Provides with regard to agricultural worker applications that: (1) the Secretary may not require such an application to be filed more than 60 days before needed; (2) the employer shall be notified in writing within seven days if the application requires perfecting; (3) the Secretary shall approve an acceptable application not later than 20 days before needed; and (4) the employer shall provide or secure housing meeting appropriate Federal, State, or local standards, including making provision for family housing for employees principally engaged in the range production of livestock.

Provides that for three years, labor certifications for specified employers shall require such an employer to hire qualified U.S. workers who apply until the end of 50 percent of the H-2A workers' contract work period. Requires the Secretary, six months before the end of such period, to consider the advisability of continuing such requirement and to issue regulations (in the absence of enacting legislation) three months before the end of such period.

States that employers shall not be liable for specified employment penalties if H-2A workers are dismissed in order to meet such 50 percent requirement.

Permits agricultural producer associations to file H-2A petitions.

Provides for expedited administrative appeals of denied certifications.

Prohibits the entry of an alien as an H-2A worker if he or she has violated a term of admission within the previous five years.

Authorizes permanent appropriations beginning with FY 1987 for the purposes of: (1) recruiting domestic workers for temporary labor and services which might otherwise be performed by nonimmigrants and agricultural transition workers; and (2) monitoring terms and conditions under which such individuals are employed.

Authorizes permanent appropriations beginning in FY 1987 to enable the Secretary to make determinations and certifications.

Expresses the sense of the Congress that the President should establish an advisory commission to consult with Mexico and other appropriate countries and advise the Attorney General regarding the temporary worker program.

Establishes a special agricultural worker adjustment program. Provides for permanent resident adjustment for aliens who: (1) apply during a specified 18-month period; (2) have performed at least 90 man-days of seasonal agricultural work during the 12-month period ending May 1, 1986; and (3) are admissible as immigrants. Sets forth adjustment dates based upon periods of work performed in the United States. Authorizes travel and employment during such temporary residence period.

Authorizes applications to be made inside the United States with the Attorney General or designated entities and outside the United States through consular offices. Provides for confidentiality and limited access to such information. Establishes criminal penalties for false application information, and makes an alien so convicted inadmissible for U.S. entry.

Exempts such admissions from numerical entry limitations.

Permits waiver of exclusion (except for specified criminal, drug offense, public charge, Nazi persecution, and national security grounds) for humanitarian or family purposes, or when in the national interest.

Provides for a temporary stay of exclusion or deportation (and authority to work) for apprehended aliens who are able to establish a nonfrivolous claim for status adjustment.

Provides for a single level of administrative appellate review of such status adjustment applications. Limits such review of the order of exclusion or deportation.

Defines "seasonal agricultural services" as the performance of field work related to growing fruits and vegetables of every kind and other perishable commodities as defined in regulations by the Secretary of Agriculture.

Directs the Secretaries of Agriculture and of Labor, jointly before each fiscal year (beginning in FY 1990 and ending in FY 1993) to determine whether additional special agricultural workers should be admitted because of a shortage of such workers in the United States. Sets forth factors to be considered in making such determinations.

Authorizes associations and groups of employers to request additional admissions due to emergency or unforeseen circumstances. Authorizes groups of special agricultural workers to request decreased admissions due to worker oversupply. Requires the Secretaries to make request determinations within 21 days.

Sets forth numerical limitations for such admissions beginning with FY 1990.

Provides for the deportation of newly admitted special agricultural workers who do not perform 60 man-days of seasonal agricultural work in each of the first two years after entry. Prohibits naturalization of such workers unless they have performed 60 man-days of such work in each of five fiscal years.

Treats temporary agricultural workers and special agricultural workers as "eligible legalized aliens" for purposes of Federal assistance to State and local entities for specified costs associated with such workers during their first five years in the United States.

Establishes a 12-member Commission on Agricultural Workers to review the special agricultural worker provisions, the impact of the legalization and employer sanctions on agricultural labor, and other aspects of agricultural labor. Requires a report to the Congress within five years. Authorizes appropriations. Terminates the Commission at the end of the 63-month period beginning with the month after the month of enactment of this Act.

States that specified agricultural workers shall be eligible for legal assistance under the Legal Service Corporation Act.

Part B: Other Changes in the Immigration Law - Increases the annual colonial quota from 600 visas to 5,000 visas.

Includes within the definition of "special immigrant": (1) unmarried sons and daughters and surviving spouses of employees of certain international organizations; and (2) specified retirees of such organizations ("I" status) and their spouses.

Grants nonimmigrant status to: (1) parents of children receiving "I" status while they are minors; and (2) other children of such parents or a surviving "I" status spouse.

Authorizes the three-year pilot visa waiver program for up to eight countries providing similar benefits to U.S. visitors. Requires such visitors to the United States to: (1) have a nonrefundable roundtrip ticket; and (2) stay in the United States for not more than 90 days.

Authorizes an additional 5000 nonpreference visas in each of FY 1987 and 1988 with preference being given to nationals of countries who were adversely affected by Public Law 89-236 (1965 immigration amendments).

Includes the relationship between an illegitimate child and its natural father within the definition of "child" for purposes of status, benefits, or privilege under such Act.

States that for suspension of deportation purposes, an alien shall not be considered to have failed to maintain continuous physical presence in the United States if the absence did not meaningfully interrupt the continuous physical presence.

Prohibits for one year the admission of nonimmigrant alien crew members to perform services during a strike against the employer for whom such aliens intend to work.

Title IV: Reports - Directs the President to transmit to the Congress: (1) not later than January 1, 1989, and not later than January 1 of every third year thereafter, a comprehensive immigration-impact report; and (2) annual reports for three years on unauthorized alien employment and the temporary agricultural worker (H-2A) program.

Directs the Attorney General and the Secretary of State to jointly monitor the visa waiver program established by this Act, and report to the Congress within two years.

Directs the President to submit to the Congress an initial and a second report (three years after the first report) on the impact of the legalization program.

Directs the Attorney General to report to the Congress within 90 days regarding necessary improvements for INS.

Expresses the sense of the Congress that the President should consult with the President of Mexico within 90 days regarding the implementation of this Act and its possible effect on the United States or Mexico.

Title V: State Assistance for Incarceration Costs of Illegal Aliens and Certain Cuban Nationals - Directs the Attorney General to reimburse States for the costs incurred in incarcerating certain illegal aliens and Cuban nationals convicted of felonies. Authorizes appropriations.

Title VI: Commission for the Study of International Migration and Cooperative Economic Development - Establishes a 12-member Commission for the Study of International Migration and Cooperative Economic Development to examine, in consultation with Mexico and other Western Hemisphere sending countries, conditions which contribute to unauthorized migration to the United States and trade and investment programs to alleviate such conditions. Requires a report to the President and to the Congress within three years. Terminates the Commission upon filing of such report, except that the Commission may function for up to 30 additional days to conclude its affairs.

Title VII: Federal Responsibility for Deportable and Excludable Aliens Convicted of Crimes - Provides for the expeditious deportation of aliens convicted of crimes.

Provides for the identification of Department of Defense facilities that could be made available to incarcerate deportable or excludable aliens.