S.2824 - Foreign Assistance and Related Programs Appropriations Act, 198799th Congress (1985-1986)
|Sponsor:||Sen. Kasten, Robert W., Jr. [R-WI] (Introduced 09/16/1986)|
|Committees:||Senate - Appropriations|
|Committee Reports:||S.Rept 99-443 Part 1; S.Rept 99-443 Part 1|
|Latest Action:||09/16/1986 Placed on Senate Legislative Calendar under General Orders. Calendar No. 914.|
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Summary: S.2824 — 99th Congress (1985-1986)All Bill Information (Except Text)
Introduced in Senate (09/16/1986)
Foreign Assistance and Related Programs Appropriations Act, 1987 - Title I: Multilateral Economic Assistance - Makes appropriations for FY 1987 for the U.S. contribution to the: (1) International Development Association; (2) Asian Development Bank; and (3) African Development Bank. Limits the callable capital subscriptions of the United States to the Asian Development Bank.
Makes appropriations for FY 1987 for international organizations and programs. Sets forth the method of allocating such funds.
Title II: Bilateral Economic Assistance - Makes appropriations for FY 1987 for the Agency for International Development for: (1) agriculture, rural development, and nutrition programs, including amounts earmarked for new projects using surplus dairy products, for the Vitamin A Deficiency Program, and for agricultural projects in Poland which are managed by the Catholic Chruch; (2) population programs with a prohibition against funding programs that support coercive abortion or involuntary sterilization; (3) health programs; (4) the Child Survival Fund; (5) education and human resources program, including amounts earmarked for the International Student Exchange Program; (6) energy and selected development activities, including amounts earmarked for the cooperative projects among the United States, Israel, and developing countries and for the Central American Rural Electrification Support project; (7) science and technology programs; (8) assistance for sub-Saharan Africa; (9) the private sector revolving fund, including a limit on obligations during FY 1987; (10) loan allocation programs; (11) American schools and hospitals abroad; (12) international disaster assistance; (13) the Sahel development program, including a limit on contributions to such program; (14) payment to the Foreign Service Retirement and Disability Fund; (15) the operating expenses of the Agency for International Development (AID), including a requirement that not less than ten percent of the total FY 1987 development funds shall be available only for activities of economically and socially disadvantaged enterprises, historically black colleges and universities, and private and voluntary orgnizations which are controlled by black Americans, Hispanics, Native Americans, or economically and socially disadvantaged individuals (including women); (16) the operating expenses of the Office of Inspector General of the AID; (17) housing and other credit guaranty programs; and (18) the Economic Support Fund. Prohibits making any development assistance funds available to any U.S. private and voluntary organization which obtains less than 20 percent of its total annual funding for international activities from sources other than the Federal Government.
Limits the use of the Economic Support Fund appropriations, including earmarking specified amounts for: (1) Israel; (2) Egypt; (3) Jordan; (4) El Salvador for investigations into the murder of U.S. citizens in El Salvador; (5) the Administration of Justice program; and (6) financing tied aid credits; (7) activities in support of the private sector in Mozambique; and (8) Cyprus. Authorizes the Agency for International Development to obligate additional cash transfers to Egypt as it deems necessary provided such additional cash transfers are made in support of a comprehensive structural economic reform program by Egypt and provided specified notifications are given to the Congress. Expresses the sense of the Congress that the recommended levels of aid for Egypt and Israel are based in great measure on their continued participation in the Camp David Accords and upon the Egyptian-Israeli peace treaty. Urges Egypt and Israel to continue to try to restore a full diplomatic relationship and achieve realization of the Camp David Accords. Requires that any appropriations made to El Salvador that are placed in El Salvador's Central Reserve Bank shall be maintained in a separate account and not commingled with any other funds. Requires that all economic support fund assistance made available to tied aid credit programs shall be subject to the regular notification procedures of the appropriations committees.
Makes appropriations for FY 1987 for the: (1) African Development Foundation; (2) Inter-American Foundation; (3) Overseas Private Investment Corporation (OPIC); and (4) Peace Corps. Limits the FY 1987 amounts for OPIC loans and loan guarantees.
Makes appropriations for FY 1987 to the Department of State for: (1) international narcotics control; (2) migration and refugee assistance, with a specified amount earmarked to assist refugees settling in Israel and provided none of the funds are used to aid in the migration to any Western nation of any person not having a security clearance based on reasonable standards to ensure against communist infiltration of the West; (3) anti-terrorism assistance; and (4) peacekeeping operations.
Title III: Military Assistance - Makes appropriations for FY 1987 for: (1) international military education and training program; and (2) foreign military credit sales.
Earmarks specified amounts of foreign military sales credits for Israel (with a specified amount earmarked for the Lavi program), Egypt, Turkey, and Greece. Limits the total amount of FY 1987 foreign military sales loans. Authorizes the transfer of up to a specified amount of foreign military sales credit funds to the military assistance program account only for purposes of overseas management of such programs.
Limits the amount that may be obligated for the Special Defense Acquisition Fund during FY 1987.
Title IV: Export Assistance - Makes appropriations for FY 1987 for the Export-Import Bank to make certain expenditures and certain contracts and commitments. Prohibits the use of such funds to make expenditures, contracts, or commitments for nuclear exports to a country other than a nuclear-weapon State. Sets the maximum amounts for direct loans and loan guarantees by the Export-Import Bank. Authorizes the use of up to a specified amount of the Export-Import Bank's budget authority as tied aid credits used to promote the negotiation of an international arrangement restricting the use of tied aid and partially untied aid credits for commercial purposes. Limits the amount that the Export-Import Bank may spend for administrative expenses.
Makes appropriations for FY 1987 for the trade and development program and for the trade credit insurance program.
Title V: General Provisions - Prohibits using any of the funds appropriated in this Act, other than appropriations for international organizations and programs, for certain water or related land resource projects proposed for construction within the United States. Prohibits using any of the funds appropriated by this Act or any of the counterpart funds generated by this Act to pay pensions, annuities, retirement pay, or adjusted service compensation to persons serving in the armed forces of a recipient country. Prohibits using certain funds appropriated or made available pursuant to this Act for: (1) making payments on procurement contracts which do not authorize the termination of such contract for the convenience of the United States; or (2) paying any assessments, arrearages, or dues of any member of the United Nations. Prohibits using any of the funds contained in title II of this Act to carry out the transfer of funds to international or multilateral lending organizations.
Sets the maximum amounts of the funds appropriated or made available by this Act that shall be used for official residence expenses, entertainment expenses, and representation allowances of the Agency for International Development. Prohibits using certain funds appropriated or made available pursuant to this Act to finance the export of nuclear equipment, fuel, or technology.
Prohibits using funds appropriated by this Act to: (1) help the government of any country repress the legitimate rights of the population; (2) finance aid or reparations to Angola, Cambodia, Cuba, Iraq, Libya, Vietnam, South Yemen, or Syria; or (3) finance aid to any country whose duly elected head of government is deposed by military coup.
Prohibits obligating funds made available by this Act under an appropriation account to which they were not appropriated without the prior approval of both congressional appropriations committees. Continues the availability of certain AID funds provided the appropriations committees are notified.
Prohibits using funds appropriated by this Act: (1) for publicity or propaganda purposes within the United States not authorized before enactment of this Act; and (2) to furnish assistance to a country which is in default for more than a year in a loan made by the United States pursuant to a program for which funds are appropriated under this Act, except for certain development assistance.
Prohibits appropriations contained in this Act from remaining available after the expiration of the current fiscal year unless expressly provided in this Act.
Prohibits making available any of the funds appropriated or made available pursuant to this Act to any international financial institution whose U.S. representative: (1) cannot upon request obtain the amounts and names of borrowers for all loans of such institution; or (2) cannot upon request obtain any document developed by the management of such institution.
Prohibits using funds appropriated for direct assistance and Export-Import Bank funds and Overseas Private Investment Corporation funds to finance any loan or other assistance for establishing or expanding production of any commodity for export by any country other than the United States if the commodity is likely to be in surplus on world markets and if the assistance will cause substantial injury to U.S. producers of the same, similar, or competing commodity. Provides that such prohibition shall not apply to the Export-Import Bank if the benefits to U.S. industry and employment are likely to outweigh injury to U.S. producers. Directs the Secretary of the Treasury to instruct the U.S. executive directors of specified international finance institutions to oppose assistance by these institutions for the production of any commodity for export if it is in surplus on world markets and if the assistance will cause substantial injury to U.S. producers of the same, similar, or competing commodity.
Prohibits using specified funds made available under this Act for operations not justified or in excess of the amount justified to the appropriations committees for obligation under any of these specific headings for FY 1986 unless the appropriations committees are notified 15 days in advance.
Limits expenditures for consulting services through procurement contracts.
Prohibits using funds appropriated under this Act to lobby for abortion. Prohibits making such funds available for any country that fails to take adequate measures to prevent narcotic drugs or other controlled substances from being sold illegally within the jurisdiction of such country to U.S. Government personnel or from entering the United States unlawfully.
Prohibits any of the international organizations and programs funds from being available for the U.S. proportionate share for any programs for the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO), the Southwest African Peoples Organization, Libya, Iran, or, at the discretion of the President, certain communist countries.
Requires the President to report to the Congress annually on the degree of support of each foreign country for U.S. foreign policy. Prohibits making any foreign aid funds available to a country which is engaged in a consistent pattern of opposition to U.S. foreign policy.
Authorizes Israel to use any loan which is or was made available to it under the Arms Export Control Act and for which repayment is or was forgiven before using any other loan made available under such Act.
Prohibits U.S. employees from recognizing or negotiating with the PLO or representatives of the PLO so long as the PLO does not recognize Israel's right to exist, does not accept Security Council Resolutions 242 and 338, and does not renounce the use of terrorism.
Declares that it is U.S. policy that the Economic Support Fund assistance provided to Israel shall not be less than the annual debt repayment from Israel to the United States.
Declares that none of the funds made available in this Act shall be restricted for obligation or disbursement solely as a result of the policies of a multilateral institution.
Prohibits ceilings or earmarks contained in this Act from being applied to funds made available by subsequent Acts unless such subsequent Acts specifically so direct.
Directs the Secretary of the Treasury and the Secretary of State to submit to specified congressional committees by February 1, 1987, a report on the domestic economic policies of those nations receiving U.S. economic aid.
Prohibits obligating or spending any economic support funds or foreign military sales credit funds for Lebanon except as provided through a specified notification process.
Limits to 50 percent the amount of the funds made available by this Act for each of Jamaica and Peru that shall be obligated unless the President reports to the Congress that these countries are sufficiently responsive to U.S. concerns on drug control and that the added expenditures for each country are in the national interest. Imposes limitations on aid to Bolivia during FY 1987.
Prohibits using funds made available in this Act to make available to El Salvador any helicopters or other aircraft and prohibits issuing licenses for the export of such aircraft to El Salvador unless specified congressional committees are notified at least 15 days before such occurrences.
Prohibits using funds provided in this Act for Guatemala in Guatemala's rural resettlement program, except through regular notification procedures.
Directs the Secretary of the Treasury to instruct the U.S. Executive Directors of the multilateral development banks to: (1) promote a commitment by these institutions to add staff and make other changes to review the environmental effects of projects; (2) promote changes in these banks in their preparation of projects and country programs that will encourage staff and borrower countries to involve environment and public health ministers, to use the resources of available nongovernmental organizations in the preparation of projects and in bank-supported country program planning to allow informed participation by local communities in such projects; (3) establish a regular integrated multidisciplinary planning process to conduct land use capability analyses in reviewing potential loans; (4) promote the commitment of such banks to develop plans to manage the rehabilitation and utilization of the ecological resources of borrower nations; (5) promote a commitment of these banks to increase the proportion of their lending programs supporting environmentally beneficial projects, resource rehabilitation projects, and appropriate light capital technology projects; (6) place an increased emphasis on upgrading the efficient use of energy by borrower nations; (7) seek a commitment of these institutions to fund projects to protect and preserve crucial wetland systems; (8) promote the establishment within the Economic Development Institute of the World Bank of a component which provides training in environment and natural planning and program development; and (9) raise the issue of the progress of such banks in improving their environmental performance; (10) require a four week project review period between the time when staff recommendations are presented to the board and board action on any projects.
Directs the Secretaries of Treasury and State and the Administrator of AID to coordinate a thorough evaluation of the potential problems and possible solutions associated with specified types of proposed projects. Directs the Secretary of the Treasury and the Secretary of State to: (1) undertake additional measures to discuss ways of improving the environmental performance of the multilateral development banks; and (2) propose that the Boards of Governors of each multilateral development bank hold a special meeting focused on environmental issues. Directs the Secretary of the Treasury to report to the appropriations committees on the progress made in implementing certain reforms.
Directs the Administrator of AID to: (1) instruct overseas missions of AID and U.S. embassies to analyze the effects of proposed multilateral development bank projects in the host country well in advance of approval of the projects; (2) compile a categorized list of projects likely to affect adversely the environment, natural resources, or indigenous peoples; and (3) study the feasibility of creating a cooperative early warning system for projects of concern with other interested donors. Requires the U.S. executive directors of the multilateral development banks to seek changes in projects if such report identifies adverse effects of such projects.
Requires the Administrator of AID to consider appointing a Committee on Health and the Environment to examine opportunities for assisting countries in the proper use of agricultural and industrial chemicals and processes.
Prohibits making development assistance funds available to: (1) pay for abortions as a method of family planning or to motivate or coerce any person to practice abortions; (2) pay for involuntary sterilization as a method of family planning or to coerce or provide any financial incentive to any person to undergo sterilizations; (3) pay for biomedical research which relates to the methods of, or performance of, abortions or involuntary sterilization as a means of family planning; or (4) any country or organization if the use of such funds by such country or organization would violate any of the abortion or involuntary sterilization provisions. Reaffirms the congressional commitment to population, development assistance and to the need for informed voluntary family planning.
Earmarks a specified amount of the development assistance and Economic Support Fund assistance appropriated by this Act for the Afghan people.
Prohibits making any of the funds provided in this Act available for the Sudan if the Sudan is acting in a manner that would endanger the stability of the region or the Camp David peace process.
Requires the President to make available to the Cambodian non-communist resistance forces a specified amount of the funds appropriated by this Act for military assistance and for the Economic Support Fund.
Prohibits making any of the funds appropriated by this Act available to a private voluntary organization which fails to provide the records necessary for an AID audit.
Withholds a specified amount of military aid from El Salvador until the President reports the appropriations committees that El Salvador has: (1) substantially concluded all investigations with respect to those responsible for the January 1981 murders of specified U.S. and Salvadoran land reformers; and (2) pursued all legal avenues to bring to trial and obtain a verdict of those responsible for such murders.
Expresses the sense of the Congress that all countries receiving U.S. foreign aid should cooperate in facilitating lasting solutions to refugee situations.
Calls upons the President to: (1) direct AID to work in a global effort to provide enhanced support toward achieving the goal of universal access to childhood immunization by 1990; and (2) appeal to the U.S. private sector to support efforts to reach this goal.
Prohibits making any of the funds appropriated by this Act available for any costs associated with Ethiopia's forced resettlement program.
Prohibits obligating any of the funds appropriated or otherwise made available by this Act until any required report has been issued.
Permits the disbursement of certain funds appropriated under prior year appropriation Acts for foreign military sales credit or guaranties without the requirement of repayment of principal and interest if the appropriations committees are notified 15 days in advance.
Amends the Arms Export Control Act to require the President to charge interest on foreign military sales credits at a rate of at least one-half the market interest rate or five percent per year whichever is less.
Amends the International Security and Development Cooperation Act of 1985 to repeal the limitations on certain military and economic assistance for the Philippines.
Expresses the sense of the Congress that the United States should oppose all loans to Chile from multilateral development institutions, except for those for basic human needs, until: (1) Chile has ended its pattern of gross abuse of internationally recognized human rights; and (2) significant steps have been taken by Chile to restore democracy.
Prohibits any of the development assistance funds appropriated from being made available for any testing or other effort in connection with the production in a foreign country of an agricultural commodity for export which would compete with a similar commodity produced in the United States. Excludes from such prohibition activities designed to increase food security in developing countries, if such activities will not have a significant impact in U.S. agricultural exports, or research activities intended primarily to benefit American producers.
Prohibits the obligation of funds provided in this Act for AID, except Caribbean Basin Initiative funds, to: (1) procure studies for, or project profiles of potential investment in, the manufacture for export to the United States or to third country markets in competition with U.S. exports of import-sensitive articles; or (2) assist directly in the establishment of facilities for the manufacture of such articles.