Summary: S.960 — 99th Congress (1985-1986)All Information (Except Text)

Bill summaries are authored by CRS.

Shown Here:
Conference report filed in House (07/29/1985)

(Conference report filed in House, H. Rept. 99-237)

International Security and Development Cooperation Act of 1985 - Title I: Military Assistance and Sales and Related Programs - Amends the Arms Export Control Act to authorize appropriations for FY 1986 and 1987 to carry out such Act. Imposes a ceiling on the total amount of foreign military sales credits for FY 1986 and 1987. Limits the amount of such credits for such fiscal years which may be made available at concessional interest rates. Excludes from such limits cases where: (1) countries are released from liability to repay the United States; and (2) credits are extended to Greece at concessional interest rates during FY 1986 and 1987. Grants extended repayment terms for the principal amount of credits provided during FY 1986 and 1987 to Greece, South Korea, Portugal, Spain, Thailand, and Turkey.

Earmarks specified amounts of the foreign military sales credits for FY 1986 and 1987 for: (1) Israel; (2) Egypt; and (3) Greece. Allocates specified amounts of the credits provided to Israel for the Lavi program if Israel requests that the funds be used for such purposes. Requires that the proportion of such credits provided to Greece and Turkey at concessional interest rates shall be the same.

Limits the total amount of foreign military sales financing and military assistance available to Turkey in FY 1986 and 1987. Earmarks a specified portion of such aid for military assistance with the understanding that the United States opposes permanent bifurcation of Cyprus.

Changes the method of financing foreign military sales credits. Directs the President to require repayment in U.S. dollars within 12 years unless another repayment period is authorized by statute. Prohibits the interest rate from being less than five percent per year.

Amends the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 to authorize appropriations for FY 1986 and 1987 for: (1) military assistance programs; (2) international military education and training programs; and (3) peacekeeping operations.

Authorizes the President, in the event of an unforeseen emergency that requires immediate assistance, to direct the drawdown of commodities and services from the inventory and resources of any Federal agency. Limits the amount of the value of such drawdown. Authorizes appropriations to reimburse such agency in such circumstances. Requires the President to notify the Congress before exercising such authority.

Directs the President to report to the Congress within 90 days of enactment of this Act on the history of U.S. financing under the Foreign Assistance Act and the Arms Export Control Act, including recommendations on replenising the Guaranty Reserve Fund.

Amends the Arms Export Control Act to authorize using certain foreign military sales credit funds to pay claims under the foreign military sales program when funds in the Guaranty Reserve Fund are inadequate.

Sets the value of a naval vessel of 3,000 tons or less which is at least 20 years old for purposes of sales of such vessels to eligible countries or organizations.

Deletes the exception which exempted foreign countries and international organizations from paying the full cost of military training provided by the United States under the foreign military sales program. Provides that countries concurrently receiving international military education and training assistance shall be charged only the additional costs incurred by the United States in providing such training.

Authorizes the President to enter into North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) standardization agreements and to enter into similar agreements with other specified countries for the cooperative furnishing of training if the agreements are based on reciprocity.

Excludes a pro rata share of fixed base operation costs from the administrative surcharge for foreign military sales programs.

Authorizes the President to provide free contract administration services in connection with certain defense contracts with NATO. Authorizes the President to provide free cataloging data and cataloging services to NATO or its member governments if NATO or a member government provides such data and services on a reciprocal basis to the United States.

Requires the President to include in the annual report to the Congress on arms sales a report on the cash flow financing provided to certain countries.

Requires the President to report to the Congress by April 1 of each year an estimate of the international volume of arms traffic and an estimate of the sale and delivery of weapons and weapons-related defense equipment by all major arms suppliers to all major recipient countries during the preceding fiscal year.

Changes the provision dealing with defense requirement surveys to cover all security assistance surveys which includes defense requirement surveys, site surveys, general surveys or studies, and engineering assessment surveys. Requires such surveys to be submitted to the House Foreign Affairs Committee or the Senate Foreign Relations Committee, upon request.

Changes the President's authority to enter into a cooperative project agreement with NATO or with a member country of NATO. Sets forth terms that must be included in such agreements. Authorizes the President to incur obligations for other participants in the project if certain conditions are met. Provides for the waiver or reduction of certain administrative surcharges. Adds new information which must be included in the notice given to the Congress by the President before any such agreement is signed.

Amends the Arms Export Control Act to authorize the President to provide, pursuant to a reciprocity agreement, training and related support to military and civilian defense personnel of a friendly foreign country or an international organization. Requires the President to report annually to the Congress on such training program.

Requires the President's quarterly report to the Congress on military exports to include an estimate of the number of U.S. military and civilian personnel and the number of civilian contract personnel who were in each foreign country at the end of the quarter and the number of such personnel who were in such country at any time during the quarter in implementation of military sales and commercial military exports.

Requires the President to submit to the Congress a detailed justification of the reasons necessitating the sale of certain defense articles or services in view of the sensitivity of the technology.

Directs the President, if the sensitivity of technology or the capability of a major defense article, equipment, or service is enhanced between the time of its sale and the time of its delivery, to report to the Congress: (1) the manner in which the technology or capability has been enhanced or upgraded and describing the significance of such enhancement or upgrade; and (2) a detailed justification for such enhancement or upgrade. Makes such requirement applicable to any major defense article or equipment delivered or a service furnished within ten years of the transmittal to the Congress of a numbered certification with respect to such sale. Requires the President to submit a new numbered certification to the Congress if the enhancement or upgrade of such defense article, equipment, or service costs more than a specified amount.

Increases the criminal penalties for certain violations of the Arms Export Control Act. Imposes maximum civil fines for such violations.

Includes charges for official reception and representation expenses in the administrative surcharge charged in connection with foreign military sales. Limits the amount of funds from such source that may be used for official reception and representation expenses.

Authorizes using the Special Defense Acquisition Fund to keep certain defense articles and services on continuous order in anticipation of their transfer to foreign countries and international organizations. Requires such Fund to consist of collections from sales made under letters of offer or transfers of defense articles and services, together with such funds as are made available to the Fund.

Provides that the lease or loan of certain naval vessels shall be made only in accordance with specified provisions of the Arms Export Control Act or of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961.

Amends the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 to require that the price for a foreign military sale shall exclude the costs of salaries of members of U.S. armed forces if military assistance funds are used to pay for such sale. Authorizes appropriations for FY 1986 for military assistance programs.

Authorizes the President, if it is in the national interest, to waive the requirement that proceeds from the sale of military assistance program equipment by a foreign country must be paid to the United States.

Imposes a limit on the value of additions to stockpiles of defense articles in foreign countries for FY 1986 and 1987.

Makes permanent the current list of countries where more than six members of the U.S. armed forces may be assigned. Adds to that list Pakistan, Tunisia, El Salvador, and Honduras.

Authorizes the President to provide for the attendance of foreign military personnel at professional military education institutions in the United States (other than Service academies) at no charge if such attendance is pursuant to a reciprocal exchange student agreement.

Encourages the President to allocate a portion of the international military education and training funds to provide training in certain maritime skills. Exempts such training from the prohibition against using foreign assistance funds for police training.

Prohibits using the President's special waiver authority under the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 to authorize: (1) more than $750,000,000 in sales under the Arms Export Control Act; (2) the use of more than $250,000,000 of funds made available for use under the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 or the Arms Export Control Act; and (3) the use of more than $100,000,000 of foreign currencies. Limits to $50,000,000 of the $250,000,000 made available under the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 or the Arms Export Control Act that may be allocated to any one country in any fiscal year unless that country is a victim of communist aggression. Limits the total under (1) and (2) above that may be allocated to any one country in any fiscal year to $500,000,000.

Declares that the President should initiate discussions with the Soviet Union and France aimed at beginning negotiations to limit and control the transfer of conventional arms to the less developed world. Directs the President to report to the Congress within one year of enactment of this Act on: (1) steps being taken to start such negotiations; (2) U.S. policies concerning the export of conventional arms; and (3) possible approaches to developing multilateral limitations on conventional arms sales.

Expresses the sense of the Congress that no foreign military sales financing authorized by this Act may be used to finance the procurement by Jordan of U.S. advanced aircraft, new air defense weapons systems, or other new advanced military weapons systems and no certification may be made pursuant to the Arms Export Control Act with respect to a proposed sale to Jordan of such aircraft or military systems unless Jordan is publicly committed to the recognition of Israel and to prompt entry into direct peace negotiations with Israel. Requires any notification of such a sale to be accompanied by a Presidential certification of Jordan's public commitment to the recognition of Israel and to peace negotiations.

Directs the President to submit a written presidential certification (which contains agreements with Saudi Arabia) that specified conditions set forth in a 1981 airborne warning and control system (AWACS) communication have been met before the E-3A AWACS aircraft are transferred to Saudi Arabia. Directs the President to notify the Congress of any changes being considered by the United States in the arrangements described in such 1981 AWACS communication.

Authorizes the Secretary of Defense to carry out the European air defense agreements and, in carrying out those agreements, to: (1) provide certain articles and services to West Germany; and (2) accept from West Germany certain articles and services in return. Authorizes the Secretary of Defense to take certain administrative actions in connection with the administration of the European air defense agreements. Makes special concessions in connection with the sale of certain Patriot missile fire units to West Germany.

Title II: Economic Support Fund - Amends the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 to require that Economic Support Fund assistance made available for commodity import programs or other programs shall, to the maximum extent possible, be used to generate local currencies. Earmarks 50 percent of such currencies for specified development assistance programs. Requires the annual report to the Congress on foreign assistance to include a detailed justification for the uses and purposes of the funds provided through the Economic Support Fund.

Authorizes appropriations for FY 1986 and 1987 to carry out the purposes of the Economic Support Fund to Egypt and Israel. Earmarks specified amounts of the FY 1986 and 1987 Economic Support Fund authorizations for: (1) emergency economic assistance; (2) Israel, all of which shall be available as a cash transfer on a grant basis; (3) Egypt, all of which shall be provided on a grant basis and part of which may be available as a cash transfer; (4) Cyprus; and (5) Portugal.

Expresses the sense of the Congress that the United States should finance and, where appropriate, participate in cooperative scientific and technological projects involving Israel, Egypt, and other Middle East countries.

Prohibits the President from using less than 18 percent of the funds, which are authorized for the Economic Support Fund for each of FY 1986 and 1987 and which are made available for commodity import programs, for the purchase of U.S. agricultural commodities.

Earmarks specified amounts of the Economic Support Fund's FY 1986 and 1987 authorization for a program of tied aid credits for U.S. exports.

Prohibits using funds authorized for the Economic Support Fund for FY 1986 and 1987 to finance the construction of, the operation and maintenance of, or the supplying of fuel for any nuclear facility in a foreign country unless the President certifies to the Congress that such country is a party to a nuclear non-proliferation treaty, cooperate fully with the International Atomic Energy Agency, and pursues non-proliferation policies consistent with those of the United States.

Authorizes supplemental appropriations for FY 1985 for the Economic Support Fund. Earmarks specified amounts of such supplemental authorization for Israel, Egypt, and the Middle East Regional Program.

Title III: Development Assistance - Adds these principles to the principles guiding U.S. development assistance policy: (1) U.S. encouragement of policy reforms is necessary if developing countries are to achieve economic growth with equity; (2) development assistance should promote private sector activity in open and competitive markets in developing countries; (3) U.S. cooperation in development should recognize as essential the need of developing countries to have access to appropriate technology in order to improve food, water, health, housing, education, agriculture, and industry; and (4) U.S. assistance should focus on establishing and upgrading the institutional capacities of developing countries in order to promote long term development.

Authorizes appropriations for FY 1986 and 1987 for: (1) agriculture, rural development, and nutrition programs, including funds for aiding private and voluntary organizations engaged in world hunger issues; (2) population and health programs; (3) the Child Survival Fund; (4) education and human resources development; (5) energy, private voluntary organizations, and selected development activities, including specified amounts for financing cooperative projects among the United States, Israel, and developing countries; and (6) the private sector revolving fund.

Declares that the Congress expects the agency primarily responsible for development assistance programs to set as a goal the protection from immunizable diseases of at least 80 percent of all children in those countries where such agency has development programs by January 1, 1991. Requires the Administrator of such agency to report to the Congress every 12 months on the progress achieved in reaching such goal.

Extends to one year the length of time the President can use to determine whether to prohibit U.S. assistance for projects of private and voluntary organizations in a foreign country after other U.S. aid to such country has been cut off. (Current law gives the President 30 days to make such determination.)

Earmarks a specified percentage of the FY 1986 through 1989 funds authorized for development programs for private and voluntary agencies.

Requires that development assistance shall be provided to rural and urban cooperatives which offer large numbers of low-and middle-income people in developing countries an opportunity to participate directly in democratic decisionmaking.

Directs the Administrator of AID to study and report to the Congress by September 30, 1986, on additional ways to provide development assistance through non-governmental organizations.

Directs the President to use certain poverty measurement standards in determining target populations for U.S. development assistance and to strengthen U.S. efforts to assure that a substantial percentage of development assistance directly improves the lives of the poor majority, with special emphasis on those living in absolute poverty.

Requires that development activities that attempt to increase the institutional capabilities of private organizations or governments or that attempt to stimulate scientific and technological research shall be designed and monitored to ensure that the ultimate beneficiaries of these activities are the poor majority. Requires that information on the targeting of development assistance to benefit the poor majority shall be included in the annual report to the Congress on foreign aid.

Increases and extends through FY 1988 the authority for the Housing Investment Guaranty program. Requires the total principle amount of guarantees for each of FY 1986 and 1987, subject to certain limitations, to be comparable to the total principle amount of such guarantees issued for FY 1984.

Extends the authority for the Agricultural and Productive Credit and Self-Help Community Development Programs through FY 1988.

Increases the limit on the total amount of outstanding commitments of the Trade Credit Insurance Program during FY 1986 and 1987.

Requires that at least ten percent of the total of the FY 1986 and 1987 development assistance funds shall be available for activities of economically and socially disadvantaged enterprises, historically black colleges and universities, and private and voluntary organizations which are controlled by individuals who are economically and socially disadvantaged, including women.

Title IV: Other Foreign Assistance Programs - Authorizes appropriations for FY 1986 and 1987 for: (1) American schools and hospitals abroad; (2) U.S. voluntary contributions to international organizations and programs; (3) international disaster assistance; (4) the trade and development program; and (5) operating expenses of the agency primarily responsible for administering the development assistance programs.

Prohibits making international organization funds available for the U.S. share of programs for the South-West Africa People's Organization (SWAPO). Libya, Iran, Cuba, or the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO) or for projects whose primary purpose is to provide benefits to the PLO or associated entities.

Directs the Secretary of State to: (1) review annually the budgets of all international organizations receiving U.S. funds; and (2) report to the Congress the amounts spent by each such organization for the PLO, for SWAPO, and for communist countries and the amount contributed by the United States to each such organization.

Title V: International Terrorism and Foreign Airport Security - Part A: International Terrorism Generally - Authorizes appropriations for FY 1986 and 1987 for antiterrorism assistance.

Authorizes making items on the U.S. Munitions List available during FY 1986 and 1987 for antiterrorism assistance if: (1) the items fit into specified categories; (2) the recipient country is not prohibited from receiving assistance under the military assistance program, the international military education and training program of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961, or the Arms Export Control Act; and (3) the President notifies the Congress at least 15 days before the articles are made available to such country. Limits the total value of all such items that may be provided to foreign countries during FY 1986 and 1987.

Repeals the sunset provisions for the antiterrorism assistance program.

Directs the Secretary of State to: (1) be responsible for coordinating all antiterrorism assistance provided to foreign countries; and (2) report to the Congress annually on such assistance.

Prohibits the United States from providing specified forms of assistance to any country which the President determines grants sanctuary to terrorists or otherwise supports international terrorism. Authorizes the President to waive such prohibition if justified by national security or humanitarian reasons. Requires the President to notify the Congress 15 days before such waiver. Declares that the President should call on other countries to impose similar sanctions if the United States imposes such prohibition on a country.

Authorizes the President to prohibit imports from and exports to Libya.

Authorizes the President to ban imports from countries that support terrorism. Requires the President to consult with the Congress before exercising such authority and to report to the Congress whenever the President exercises such authority.

Calls upon the President to seek the establishment of an International Anti-Terrorism Committee.

Expresses the sense of the Congress that the President should establish a process by which democratic societies negotiate a treaty to prevent and respond to terrorist attacks.

Expresses the sense of the Congress that all civilized nations should condemn the increasing use of terrorism as an official instrument for promoting a state's goals.

Part B: Foreign Airport Security - Amends the Federal Aviation Act of 1958 to direct the Secretary of Transportation to assess the efficacy of security measures at foreign airports which serve either carriers, or from which foreign air carriers serve the United States.

Requires the Secretary to: (1) use security criteria equal to or above certain internationally established standards; (2) consult with the Secretary of State on the terrorist threat that exists in each country; (3) report to the Congress regarding such assessments; and (4) notify the appropriate authorities if a foreign airport does not administer effective security measures.

Requires the Secretary of Transportation to publish in the Federal Register, publicize at all U.S. airports,and notify the media of, the identity of airports found to have ineffective security. Requires each air carrier providing service between the United States and such an airport to notify all passengers that such airport has been found to have ineffective security. Authorizes the Secretary of Transportation, with the approval of the Secretary of State, to withhold, revoke, or impose conditions on the operating authority of any air carrier to engage in foreign air transportation using such airport. Authorizes the President to prohibit air carriers from providing service between the United States and any other foreign airport served by aircraft flying to or from such airport. Provides that the requirements and authorizations of this paragraph shall become effective 90 days after the Secretary of Transportation notifies the appropriate authorities of conditions at such an airport. Permits such requirements and authorizations to become immediately effective under specified conditions.

Authorizes lifting such sanctions only if the Secretary of Transportation has determined that effective security measures are maintained at that airport.

Directs the Secretary of Transportation (with the approval of the Secretary of State) to suspend (without notice or a hearing) the right of an air carrier to engage in foreign air transportation to or from an airport which the Secretary has determined presents a safety threat to either passengers, aircraft, or the public interest.

Expresses the sense of the Congress that the President is urged to take all appropriate steps to close the international airport in Beirut, Lebanon, at least until Lebanon has instituted antihijacking measures.

Directs the Secretary of State to issue a travel advisory on any airport that has been found to have ineffective security. Directs the President to suspend all aid under the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 or the Arms Export Control Act to any country where such an airport is located. Authorizes the President to waive such suspension for national security or humanitarian reasons. Provides for lifting sanctions against such country only if the Secretary of Transportation, in consultation with the Secretary of State, determines that effective security measures are maintained at such airport. Requires the Congress to be notified if such sanctions are lifted.

Directs the Secretary of Transportation to study and report to the Congress on the need for an expanded airmarshal program on international flights of U.S. air carriers. Permits the Secretary of Transportation to authorize air transportation security personnel to carry firearms and to make warrantless arrests if they have reasonable grounds to believe a felony is being committed.

Requires the Secretary to call on the member countries of the International Civil Aviation Organization to enforce such Organization's existing standards and impose a moratorium on the use of any international airport which does not comply with such standards.

Expresses the sense of the Congress that the President should: (1) call for an international civil aviation boycott with respect to those countries that grant sanctuary to terrorists or otherwise support international terrorism; and (2) take steps to achieve a total international civil aviation boycott of such countries.

Directs the Secretary of State to seek agreement on strengthening enforcement measures and standards for compliance on aircraft sabotage, aircraft hijacking, and airport security.

Authorizes appropriations for research and development of airport security devices or techniques for detecting explosives.

Expresses the sense of the Congress with respect to the hijacking of Trans World Airline flight 847.

Title VI: International Narcotics Control - International Narcotics Control Act of 1985 - Authorizes appropriations for FY 1986 and 1987 for international narcotics control. Authorizes the agency primarily responsible for administering development assistance programs to use resources to increase awareness of the effects of production and trafficking of illicit narcotics on source and transit countries.

Changes the reporting requirements for the international narcotics control program. Requires the last quarterly report of each fiscal year to include a report on the total assistance provided during that fiscal year. Requires the President to transmit to the Congress a midyear report on such program.

Provides that the ban on involvement of U.S. personnel in arrest actions and interrogations in narcotics control efforts abroad shall not apply to the extent that the Secretary of State and the government of another country agree. Requires the Secretary to report any such agreement to the Congress before the agreement takes effect.

Requires each report to the Congress on international narcotics control to describe the involvement of any foreign government in illicit drug trafficking during the preceding fiscal year.

Earmarks certain amounts out of military assistance funds for FY 1986 and 1987 to arm aircraft used in narcotic control eradication or interdiction efforts. Requires specified congressional committees to be notified at least 15 days before such funds are transferred for such purposes.

Authorizes providing narcotics control assistance funds to a foreign country only if the country agrees to provide at least 25 percent of the costs of any narcotics control project for which such assistance is to be provided.

Prohibits using foreign assistance funds to reimburse persons whose illicit drug crops are eradicated.

Requires that the President, in allocating assistance to Jamaica for FY 1986 under the Economic Support Fund, give major consideration to whether Jamaica has committted itself to a plan for reducing the illicit cultivation and distribution of marijuana.

Authorizes military assistance, economic assistance, military education and training assistance, and foreign military sales financing to Bolivia for FY 1986 and 1987 only if specified conditions relating to limitations on coca production and relating to yearly eradication targets are met by Bolivia.

Authorizes providing narcotic control assistance for Peru: (1) in FY 1986 only if Peru has shown substantial progress in developing a plan to establish coca requirements, to license the number of hectares necessary to produce the requirement, and to eliminate illicit and unlicensed coca production; and (2) in FY 1987 only if the President reports to the Congress that Peru has developed such a plan and is implementing it.

Authorizes making FY 1987 development assistance funds for the Agency for International Development (AID) project in the Upper Huallaga valley of Peru only if the Administrator of AID, after consultation with the Congress, determines that a comprehensive review of that project has been completed which establishes the effectiveness of that project in reducing coca leaf production, distribution, and marketing.

Directs the President to reprogram funds intended for Bolivia or Peru for other countries if conditions set forth in this Act are not met.

Authorizes contributing narcotics control assistance funds to the United Nations Fund for Drug Abuse Control only if that organization includes in its crop substitution projects a plan for cooperation with the law enforcement forces of the host country.

Directs the Secretary of State to conduct a study of the feasibility of establishing a regional organization in Latin America to combat narcotics production and trafficking through regional information-sharing and a regional enforcement unit. Requires a report on the advisability of encouraging the establishment of such an organization to be submitted to specified congressional committees within six months of enactment of this Act.

Directs the President to report to the Congress within 60 days of enactment of this Act on why U.S. armed forces should not exert greater effort in facilitating and supporting interception of narcotics traffickers and in gathering narcotics related intelligence abroad.

Expresses the sense of the Congress that the President should take steps to: (1) place the question of Cuban involvement in illicit drug trafficking on the agenda of the United Nations; (2) request the Organization of American States to consider such question; and (3) request other appropriate international organizations and international forums to consider such question.

Prohibits providing assistance under the Foreign Assistance Act or the Arms Export Control Act to any country that is not a major illicit drug producing country which the President determines has not taken adequate steps to prevent: (1) the processing of controlled substances; (2) the transportation through such country of such substances; and (3) the use of such country as a refuge for illegal drug traffickers.

Requests the President to try to negotiate treaties with all countries providing confidential banking services to provide disclosure to the United States of information contained in official records and in bank account records concerning persons under investigation for violations of U.S. law. Directs the President to include reports on such efforts in the annual International Narcotics Control Strategy Report. Reaffirms the congressional intention to: (1) obtain international cooperation to halt drug trafficking; and (2) evaluate the cooperation of those governments receiving U.S. aid.

Title VII: Western Hemisphere - Declares that U.S. policy in Central America should be designed to support: (1) democracy and political reform; (2) full observance of internationally recognized human rights; (3) leadership development; (4) land reform, tax reform, and other reforms; (5) the establishment of the rule of law and an effective judicial system; (6) the termination of extremist violence, vigorous prosecution of those guilty of crimes, and prosecution of past offenders; (7) equitable economic growth and development; and (8) dialogue and negotiations. Directs the President to ensure that assistance authorized by the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 and the Arms Export Control Act to Central American countries is furnished in a manner which fosters demonstrated progress towards specified objectives.

Expresses congressional support for: (1) the peace initiatives of the Contadora group and the resulting Document of Objectives; and (2) supporting efforts to reach comprehensive and verifiable final agreements based on such objectives.

Expresses the sense of the Congress that: (1) the President should enter into negotiations with Central American countries to establish a Central American Development Organization; and (2) the Organization should be based on specified principles. Authorizes the President to participate in such Organization. Directs the Administrator of AID to prepare a proposal to carry out U.S. participation in such Organization and to keep the Congress informed concerning the development of such proposal. Directs the President to transmit to the Congress the text of any agreement the President proposes to sign providing for the establishment of and U.S. participation in such Organization at least 60 days before the President signs such agreement. Provides for congressional review of such agreement.

Authorizes appropriations for non-military assistance for Central American countries for FY 1988 and 1989.

Expresses the sense of the Congress that: (1) President Duarte of El Salvador is to be congratulated for his leadership and for his efforts to foster democracy in his country and he is encouraged to continue his efforts; (2) the armed forces of El Salvador are to be congratulated for their improved performance and professionalism; and (3) the Congress reaffirms the importance of continued support for democratic principles and institutions and respect for human rights by various sectors of Salvadoran society.

Requires the President to report every six months to the Congress on the extent to which the following objectives are met: (1) El Salvador is willing to negotiate with the armed opposition forces and their political representatives; (2) the elected civilian government is in control of the Salvadoran military and security forces and those forces are complying with international law and with certain directives relating to protection of civilians; and (3) El Salvador has made demonstrable progress during the preceding six months in ending death squad activities, in establishing an effective judicial system, and in implementing land reform. Requires the President to make such reports to the Congress on October 1, 1985, and every six months after that through April 1, 1987.

Prohibits using military assistance authorities of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 or the Arms Export Control Act to make available to El Salvador helicopters or other aircraft and prohibits issuing export licenses for such aircraft unless the Congress is notified 15 days before such actions.

Requires all local currencies generated with funds provided to El Salvador for balance-of-payments support for FY 1986 and 1987 to be deposited in a special account established by El Salvador. Requires such currencies to be used for projects assisting agrarian reform and the agricultural sector; judicial reform; employment generation; health, education, and other social services; infrastructure repair; and support for the private sector. Earmarks specified amounts of the FY 1986 and 1987 development funds for El Salvador.

Suspends assistance for El Salvador if the elected President of that country is deposed by military coup or decree.

Authorizes military assistance under the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 and foreign military sales under the Arms Export Control Act for FY 1986 and 1987 for Guatemala only if the President certifies to the Congress that: (1) for FY 1986, an elected civilian government is in power in Guatemala and has requested such assistance, sales, or financing; and (2) for both FY 1986 and 1987, Guatemala made demonstrated progress during the preceding year in achieving control over its military and security forces, in eliminating abuses of human rights, and in respecting the human rights of its indigenous Indian population.

Authorizes providing Guatemala with additional construction equipment, mobile medical facilities, and related training for FY 1986 and 1987 if a civilian government is elected, the military is controlled, and human rights abuses are reduced.

Prohibits using funds authorized by title I of this Act to furnish Guatemala with weapons or ammunition.

Suspends all assistance authorized by this Act for Guatemala if the civilian government is deposed by military coup or decree.

Prohibits using development assistance or Economic Support Fund assistance for Guatemala's rural resettlement program. Requires such development assistance and Economic Support Fund assistance to be provided through private and voluntary organizations to the maximum extent possible.

Calls upon the President to urge Guatemala to allow the International Committee of the Red Cross to: (1) visit Guatemala to investigate humanitarian needs there; and (2) investigate the possibility of providing humanitarian services in Guatemala.

Expresses the sense of the Congress that the United States should encourage Guatemala to recognize the independence of Belize and to enter into a nonaggression treaty with Belize.

Expresses the sense of the Congress that: (1) human rights groups in Guatemala should be allowed to carry out their work with the support of the government of Guatemala; and (2) whether Guatemala allows human rights groups to carry out their work should be taken into account by the United States in determining whether there is human rights progress in Guatemala.

Declares that funds authorized for migration and refugee assistance by the Department of State Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 1986 and 1987 or authorized by this Act: (1) which are to be used for refugee assistance or other assistance for Nicaraguan Indian refugees in Honduras shall be channeled through established and recognized international refugee relief organizations; and (2) may not be used to facilitate the involuntary repatriation of Salvadoran refugees who are in Honduras.

Provides that development assistance and Economic Support Fund assistance for Haiti should, to the maximum extent practicable, be provided through private and voluntary organizations.

Authorizes obligating FY 1986 and 1987 development assistance, Economic Support Fund assistance, and international military education and training assistance for Haiti only if the President determines that Haiti: (1) is continuing to cooperate with the United States in halting illegal emigration to the United States from Haiti; (2) is cooperating in implementing U.S. aid programs for Haiti; and (3) is making progress in human rights and in political reforms. Requires the President to report to the Congress annually on Haiti's actions in such areas.

Authorizes using funds made available under the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 to assist in halting significant illegal emigration from Haiti to the United States.

Prohibits military assistance or foreign military sales financing assistance for Haiti for 1986 or 1987 except for necessary articles and services to enable the continuation of migrant and narcotics interdiction operations.

Earmarks specified amounts of the FY 1986 and 1987 Economic Support Fund assistance for Haiti for literacy programs in Haiti.

Prohibits using funds authorized by title I of this Act for Paraguay unless the President certifies to the Congress that Paraguay has ended the practice of torturing prisoners and has instituted procedures for speedy trials of those arrested.

Requires respect for human rights to be an important component of the training provided for Peru under the FY 1986 and 1987 international military education and training program.

Earmarks specified amounts of the FY 1986 and 1987 Economic Support Fund assistance for Peru to strengthen the judicial system in Peru.

Authorizes appropriations for FY 1986 and 1987 for the Inter-American Foundation.

Directs the President to provide to the Congress in the annual reports on foreign aid a complete accounting of all aid provided during FY 1986 and 1987 for Latin America and the Caribbean under the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 and the Arms Export Control Act. Sets forth information to be included in such reports.

Declares that the ban on using foreign aid funds for foreign law enforcement agencies shall not apply with respect to a country which has a longstanding democratic tradition, does not have standing armed forces, and does not engage in a consistent pattern of gross violations of human rights.

Authorizes providing assistance to law enforcement agencies in Honduras or El Salvador for FY 1986 and 1987 if the President notifies the Congress of a specified determination at least 30 days before providing the assistance.

Declares that development assistance and Economic Support Fund assistance for Latin American and Caribbean countries should be provided to the maximum extent possible through established private and voluntary organizations.

Authorizes the President to furnish Economic Support Fund assistance to countries and organizations to strengthen the administration of justice in Latin America and the Caribbean.

Limits the amounts available for such assistance and the types of such assistance. Prohibits obligating funds for such assistance unless the Congress has been notified 15 days before such obligation. Terminates such assistance on September 30, 1987.

Urges the President to develop a plan for the expanded use of employee stock ownership plans in U.S. development efforts in Central America and the Caribbean. Establishes a Presidential Task Force on Project Economic Justice to assist in such effort. Requires the Task Force to report to the President and the Congress by December 31, 1985, on the expanded use of employee stock ownership plans in U.S. development efforts in Central America and the Caribbean.

Directs the President to invite Caribbean countries and other specified countries to participate in an International Advisory Commission for the Caribbean Region. Sets forth the functions of the Commission. Provides for funding the organizational meeting of the Advisory Commission out of development assistance funds. Provides for congressional review of costs of U.S. participation in the Commission. Provides for the appointment of U.S. representatives to, and observers of, the Commission.

Amends the International Security and Development Cooperation Act of 1981 to exclude from the prohibition on arms sales to Chile certain safety-related aircraft equipment.

Expresses the sense of the Congress that FY 1986 and 1987 agricultural development funds should be used for a comprehensive rural electrification program in Central America.

Expresses the sense of the Congress that current Mexican procedures and practices constitute a significant impediment to transporting international trade through Mexican territory. Directs the Secretary of State to initiate negotiations with Mexico aimed at reducing or eliminating such trade impediments. Directs the Secretary to report to the Congress on such negotiations by January 1, 1986.

Condemns the consistent pattern of gross violations of internationally recognized human rights by Cuba and the provision by Cuba of material aid and personnel support for purposes of subversion. Calls upon Cuba to restore civil liberties, cease violating human rights, and cease supporting subversion.

Directs the Secretary of State to report to the Congress by January 1, 1986, on: (1) the magnitude of the foreign debt crisis in this hemisphere; (2) the impact of the crisis on the economies of Latin American countries; (3) the degree to which national security interests are affected; (4) the U.S. policy on such crises; and (5) the degree to which the U.S. banking system is affected.

Earmarks specified amounts of the FY 1986 and 1987 Economic Support Fund authorizations for Uruguay.

Expresses the sense of the Congress that the President should direct appropriate members of the administration to pursue discussions with Canada directed toward reduction in the Canadian export of: (1) cattle and hogs to the United States; and (2) softwood timber to the United States.

Expresses congressional support for national reconciliation in Nicaragua and the creation of a framework for negotiating a peaceful settlement to the Nicaraguan conflict.

Condemns the Government of Nicaragua for violating its commitments to its people, the United States, and the Organization of American States (OAS). Affirms that such government will be regarded as having achieved political legitimacy when it fulfills its 1979 commitment to OAS to implement genuinely democratic elections. Urges Nicaragua to enter a national dialogue under mediation by the Nicaraguan Bishops Conference in order to resolve the crisis through elections. Supports the Nicaraguan resistance in its efforts to resolve peacefully the Nicaraguan conflict and to achieve the fulfillment of specified commitments. Supports efforts to maintain multilateral pressure on Nicaragua to fulfill its commitments.

Prohibits using funds authorized by this Act, the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961, or the Arms Export Control Act to provide assistance to any person or group engaging in an insurgency or other act of rebellion against Nicaragua. Prohibits the United States from making an agreement under which a recipient of U.S. economic or military assistance or a purchaser of U.S. military equipment shall provide assistance of any kind to persons or groups engaging in an insurgency or other act of rebellion against Nicaragua.

Prohibits using any U.S. funds to fund activities against Nicaragua which have not been authorized by law and which would place the United States in violation of the OAS charter.

Declares that the President should look for ways to provide food aid to the Nicaraguan people through private and voluntary organizations and the Catholic Church.

Authorizes appropriations for humanitarian assistance to the Nicaraguan democratic resistance which funds shall be provided through any U.S. agency except the Central Intelligence Agency or the Department of Defense. Authorizes appropriations for the expenses arising from the implementation by the Contadora nations of an agreement among the Central American countries based on the Contadora Document of Objectives of September 9, 1983. Imposes certain prohibitions on such authorizations.

Urges the President to: (1) pursue the use of diplomatic and economic steps to resolve the conflict in Nicaragua; (2) suspend military maneuvers in Honduras and off Nicaragua's coast, and to lift the trade embargo with Nicaragua if Nicaragua agrees to a cease fire to open a dialog with the democratic resistance, and to suspend the state of emergency; (3) call upon the Nicaraguan democratic resistance to remove from their ranks individuals who have engaged in human rights abuses; and (4) resume bilateral discussions with Nicaragua.

Directs the President to report to the Congress every 90 days on the President's diplomatic dealings with Nicaragua and on the humanitarian assistance provided to the Nicaraguan resistance. Requires the President to include in such reports information about alleged human rights abuses of the resistance forces and of the government of Nicaragua.

Authorizes the President to ask the Congress for authority to provide additional assistance for the peace process if the President determines that: (1) Contadora negotiations show promise of producing an agreement; or (2) other economic measures will aid in a resolution of the conflict or stabilization in the region. Authorizes the President to ask the Congress for authority to provide additional assistance for the Nicaraguan democratic resistance if the President determines that: (1) the Contadora negotiations have failed to produce an agreement; or (2) other trade and economic measures have failed to resolve the conflict. Provides for expedited congressional consideration of such requests.

Title VIII: Africa - Sets forth criteria which shall govern the uses made of imports by African countries through agreements which provide for the use of FY 1986 and 1987 Economic Support Fund assistance to finance such imports by those countries. Requires the agency primarily responsible for administering development assistance programs to evaluate annually the extent to which such criteria are met.

Earmarks specified amounts of FY 1986 and 1987 Economic Support Fund assistance for regional programs in southern Africa. Allocates half of such funds to assist sector projects supported by the Southern Africa Development Coordination Conference (SADCC). Directs the Administrator of the agency primarily responsible for administering development assistance to study and report to the Congress on: (1) the assistance that such agency provides to SADCC and other African regional institutions and ways to improve such assistance; and (2) the establishment of a bureaucratic mechanism within such agency to coordinate assistance to all African regional institutions.

Prohibits using FY 1986 and 1987 Economic Support Fund assistance for education or training programs that are conducted by or through organizations in South Africa that are financed or controlled by South Africa's government. Permits such funds to be used only in programs which reflect the objective of the majority of South Africans to end apartheid.

Allocates half of the FY 1986 and 1987 Economic Support Fund assistance that is earmarked for the Human Rights Fund for South Africa for assistance for political detainees, prisoners, their families, and for support for nonviolent actions to resist the implementation of apartheid.

Expresses the sense of the Congress that: (1) the policy of separate development and the forced relocation of South Africans is inconsistent with American values and internationally recognized human rights principles; (2) U.S. nonrecognition of South African "homeland" independence should continue; (3) travel to the United States should be denied to "homeland" officials who seek to enter this country unless they hold a valid passport recognized by the United States; and (4) the United States should urge that the forced relocation of South Africans be discontinued and that the rights of all South Africans be protected.

Requires the FY 1986 and 1987 Economic Support Fund assistance for Zaire to be used only for assistance which is provided in accordance with the development assistance provisions of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961. Limits the amount of FY 1986 and 1987 military assistance for Zaire. Prohibits providing financing for Zaire under the Arms Export Control Act during FY 1986 and 1987.

Earmarks for Tunisia specified amounts of FY 1986 and 1987 Economic Support Fund assistance and specified amounts of FY 1986 and 1987 military assistance.

Declares that it is U.S. policy to base the provision of security assistance to Sudan on the expectation that Sudan will make progress toward reaching a political settlement with all parties to the conflict in the south of Sudan.

Declares that U.S. security assistance for FY 1986 and 1987 for Liberia is based on the expectation of a successful completion of free and fair elections and on a return to full civilian, constitutional rule.

Declares that it is U.S. policy to support a negotiated political solution to the conflict in the Western Sahara and to encourage a peaceful internationally recognized settlement.

Declares that it is U.S. policy to support Morocco's defense needs and to discourage aggression by any country in North Africa against another.

Authorizes additional FY 1986 and 1987 appropriations for the Sahel development program. Requires grants to be made of host governments of such program to help them enhance their administrative capabilities.

Amends the African Development Foundation Act to authorize appropriations for FY 1986 and 1987 for the African Development Foundation. Extends the authorities of the Foundation through September 30, 1990.

Amends the International Security and Development Cooperation Act of 1980 to repeal the Clark amendment prohibiting aid for military or paramilitary operations in Angola.

Expresses the sense of the Congress that: (1) Ethiopia's government should be condemned for failing to ameliorate the drought and famine conditions throughout its countryside; (2) Ethiopia should allocate more of its resources toward the development of a more balanced and effective agrarian system; (3) human rights groups in Ethiopia should be supported; (4) Ethiopia should initiate a genuine policy of national reconciliation; (5) relations between the United States and Ethiopia would improve if Ethiopia's treatment of its people and respect for human rights improve; (6) the President should convey these congressional concerns to Ethiopia; and (7) the President should also convey these concerns to U.S. allies and urge their cooperation in efforts to ensure a more responsible Ethiopia.

Directs the President, within 30 days of enactment of this Act, to report to the Congress whether Ethiopia is conducting a deliberate policy of starving and not granting basic human rights to its people. Prohibits imports from and exports to (except for emergency relief) Ethiopia if the President reports such findings and the Congress enacts a joint resolution approving such findings. Suspends all economic aid to Ethiopia (other than disaster assistance and aid for needy people).

Requires any FY 1986 and 1987 Economic Support Fund assistance or development assistance funds earmarked for Mozambique to be used solely for aid to the private sector.

Prohibits making any of the FY 1986 military assistance or international military education and training funds available to Mozambique unless the President certifies to the Congress that Mozambique: (1) is making an effort to comply with internationally recognized human rights; (2) is making continued progress in implementing essential economic and political reforms; (3) has implemented a plan by September 30, 1986, to reduce the number of foreign military personnel to no more than 55; and (4) with respect to FY 1986 aid, is committed to holding free elections by September 30, 1986, and with respect to FY 1987 aid, has held such elections.

Title IX: Asia - Expresses the sense of the Congress that the United States should encourage the revitalization of democracy in the Philippines. Affirms the intention of the Congress to grant future aid to the Philippines according to the determination of the Congress that U.S. security interests are enhanced and sufficient progress is made by the Philippines in: (1) guaranteeing fair elections in 1986 and 1987 or sooner; (2) ensuring the prosecution of the murder of Benigno Aquino; (3) ensuring freedom of speech and of the press and unrestricted media access for all candidates in the 1986 and 1987 elections; (4) establishing the writ of habeas corpus and the termination of forms of detention without trial; (5) releasing all individuals detained or imprisoned for peaceful political activities; (6) making substantial progress in terminating extrajudicial killings by the Philippine military and security forces and the prosecution of those responsible for such killings in the past; (7) implementing economic reforms and a strengthening of the private sector; and (8) enhancing the professional capability of the Philippine armed forces and security forces. Authorizes the Congress to defer military aid and foreign military sales financing for the Philippines if: (1) significant progress is not made in the revitalization of democracy in the Philippines or in maintaining friendly relations with the Philippines; or (2) the Congress finds that such aid is used to violate the human rights of the Filipinos.

Sets the ceiling on the amounts of FY 1986 and 1987 foreign military sales financing, military assistance, and Economic Support Fund assistance earmarked for the Philippines. Requires the FY 1986 foreign military sales financing and military assistance provided for the Philippines to be nonlethal in character.

Prohibits furnishing Pakistan with military equipment or technology unless the President certifies to the Congress during the fiscal year in which such assistance is furnished that Pakistan does not possess a nuclear explosive device and that the proposed U.S. aid program will reduce significantly the risk that Pakistan will possess such a device.

Increases the authorization for aid to disadvantaged children in Asia. Requires the President to report to the Congress on the quality of life of Amerasian children living in Asia and on what additional steps the United States could take to enhance the lives of these children.

Authorizes the President to make funds authorized by this Act for development assistance and for the Economic Support Fund available for aid to the Afghan people. Earmarks specified amounts of such assistance for humanitarian aid to the Afghan people.

Authorizes the President to make available to the non-communist resistance forces in Cambodia a specified amount of military assistance and Economic Support Fund assistance.

Prohibits using any U.S. funds to aid the Khmer Rouge.

Expresses the sense of the Congress that: (1) all parties in Sri Lanka should renew their efforts to achieve a joint political settlement which meets the legitimate concerns of all the people of Sri Lanka while preserving the territorial integrity of Sri Lanka; and (2) all parties outside Sri Lanka should not impede progress toward a settlement.

Declares that it is a U.S. policy to help South Korea defend itself against external aggression. Expresses the hope that continued close relations between South Korea and the United States will encourage the establishment of a genuinely democratic system in South Korea.

Title X: Food and Agricultural Assistance - Authorizes the President to continue U.S. participation in and contributions to the International Fund for Agricultural Development. Earmarks FY 1986 and 1987 development assistance funds to meet the U.S. pledge for the second replenishment for the International Fund for Agricultural Development.

Amends the Agricultural Trade Development and Assistance Act of 1954 to set the minimum quantities of farm commodities to be distributed under title II of such Act for FY 1986 and 1987. Authorizes furnishing such commodities for direct distribution, sale, barter, or other appropriate disposition.

Requires consideration to be given, in the case of commodities distributed by nonprofit voluntary agencies, to nutritional and development objectives.

Requires consideration to be given to using the expertise of U.S. nonprofit voluntary agencies and cooperatives in developing and carrying out the Food for Development Programs.

Encourages the President to approve, upon request of a nonprofit voluntary agency, a multiyear commitment to provide agricultural commodities for that agency for nonemergency assistance, unless the President determines that such agreement should be limited to one year's duration.

Requires the President to make quarterly reports to the Congress on programming of food assistance under title II of Public Law 480.

Amends the Agricultural Act of 1949 to include rice among the surplus commodities acquired through price support operations that may be used for Public Law 480 famine relief programs.

Directs the President to report to the Congress by June 1, 1986, on efforts to achieve long term agricultural commodity agreements to help stabilize and increase the flow of concessional and commercial food stuffs with food deficit countries.

Title XI: Peace Corps - Amends the Peace Corps Act to authorize appropriations for the Peace Corps for FY 1986 and 1987. Declares that it is U.S. policy and a purpose of the Peace Corps to provide, to the maximum extent possible, opportunities for service in the Peace Corps to at least 10,000 individuals. Requires the President to report to the Congress on the plans developed to carry out such policy.

Increases the limit on the number of years of a Foreign Service appointment to the Peace Corps from five to seven and a half years. Sets forth conditions that must be met before the term of a Peace Corps volunteer may be extended for more than five years. Limits the number of extended appointments to 15 percent of the total number of Peace Corps appointments. Requires the Director of the Peace Corps to report to the Congress by January 1, 1986, on the criteria being used to make Peace Corps appointments of more than five years.

Establishes the Peace Corps National Advisory Council to advise and consult with the President and the Director of the Peace Corps to further the purposes of the Peace Corps Act. Requires the Council to report periodically to the Congress. Requires the Council to report biennially to the President and to the Director of the Peace Corps starting January 1, 1988, on its views on the programs and activities of the Peace Corps.

Prohibits using a political test or political qualification in: (1) selecting any person for enrollment as a volunteer or for appointment to a position at, or for assignment to, a duty station located abroad; or (2) promoting or taking any action with respect to any volunteer or any person assigned to such a station.

Title XII: Miscellaneous Provisions Relating to Foreign Assistance - Amends the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 to require the President to notify the Congress before removing a ban on aid because of human rights improvements and before taking into account a country's human rights record with respect to providing aid under the Arms Export Control Act.

Authorizes the President to remove a country from the list of communist countries which may not receive any U.S. aid if the President determines and reports to the Congress that such action is important to the national interest. Expresses the sense of the Congress that when consideration is given to authorizing aid to such a country one of the factors to be weighed is whether the country in question is giving evidence of fostering the establishment of a genuinely democratic system.

Excludes from the prohibition on using aid funds to compensate owners for expropriated or nationalized property funds made available to a government to compensate nationals of that country in accordance with a land reform program.

Prohibits, subject to a specified exception, providing military assistance or extending foreign military financing to a non-nuclear weapon state which on or after enactment of this Act exports illegally from the United States any material, equipment, or technology which would contribute significantly to the ability of such country to build a nuclear explosive device, if the President determines that such illegal exports were to be used by such country to build such a device.

Requires the President to report annually to the Congress regarding economic conditions prevailing in Egypt, Israel, Turkey, and Portugal which may affect their respective ability to meet their international debt obligations and to stabilize their economies.

Expresses the sense of the Congress that all U.S. foreign assistance to Egypt is provided in the expectation that Egypt will continue to try to bring peace to the region and that it will continue to support the Camp David Accords and the Egyptian-Israeli Peace treaty.

Excludes from the prohibition against using foreign aid funds to procure construction or engineering services from advanced developing countries, those advanced developing countries which: (1) are receiving direct development assistance or Economic Support Fund assistance; and (2) permit U.S. firms to compete for construction or engineering services procured by such countries.

Increases from $100,000 to $500,000 the minimum amount of a foreign aid agreement or grant which may be made only after specified plans and cost estimates have been completed.

Prohibits obligating any of the funds appropriated under the Arms Export Control Act for any programs not justified, or in excess of the amount justified, to the Congress for obligation for any fiscal year unless specified committees of the Congress are notified 15 days before such obligation. Provides that such notification requirement does not apply to the reprogramming of: (1) funds to be used for a development program if the amounts obligated for that program do not exceed by more than ten percent the amount justified to the Congress for that program for that fiscal year; or (2) less than $25,000 for use under the international narcotics control program or for use under the international military education and training program for a country for which a program under such program for that fiscal year was justified to the Congress.

Directs the President to notify the Congress concerning any reprogramming of funds in the International Affairs Budget Function.

Requires the President to notify the Congress, within 30 days of enactment of any law appropriating funds to carry out the Arms Export Control Act, of each country and organization to which the United States intends to provide any portion of such funds.

Deletes the provision which imposes specified reporting requirements on granting military or economic assistance which exceeds by ten percent or more the amount set forth in the President's annual report on allocation of foreign assistance funds.

Amends the Arms Export Control Act to require the President to include all sales (currently cash sales, credits, and guaranty agreements) in the President's annual report to the Congress on military exports.

Directs the President to report to the Congress, within 30 days of enactment of this Act, on any U.S. aid program aimed at aiding the development of coal-related activities to coal exporting countries.

Title XIII: Miscellaneous Provisions - Expresses a reaffirmantion of U.S. policy prohibiting negotiations with the PLO so long as the PLO does not recognize Israel's right to exist and does not accept Security Council Resolutions 242 and 338.

Establishes a commission to be known as the Commission for the Preservation of America's Heritage Abroad. Requires the Commission to: (1) identify and publish a list of cemeteries, monuments, and historic buildings abroad which are associated with the foreign heritage of U.S. citizens from eastern and central Europe; (2) encourage the preservation and protection of such places by obtaining assurances from foreign governments that they will be preserved and protected; and (3) prepare and disseminate reports on the condition of and progress toward preserving and protecting such places.

Directs the Secretary of Commerce to establish, within 90 days of enactment of this Act, a Federal Coal Export Commission which shall meet at least four times a year for consultation on activities leading to increased cooperation among entities involved in U.S. coal exports, with the goal of expanding the U.S. share of the international coal market. Requires the Commission to examine the potential for small- and medium-sized coal companies to enter the export coal trade through export trading companies. Requires the Commission to submit its report to the President and the Congress within two years of its first meeting. Terminates the Commission upon submission of its report.