RECESS; Congressional Record Vol. 141, No. 64
(Senate - April 06, 1995)

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                                 RECESS

  Mr. HELMS. Mr. President, I ask unanimous consent that it be in order 
for the Senate to have 5 minutes in recess to greet and welcome this 
distinguished lady.
  There being no objection, the Senate, at 4:08 p.m., recessed until 
4:12 p.m.; whereupon, the Senate reassembled when called to order by 
the Presiding Officer (Mr. Coats).
  The PRESIDING OFFICER. The Senator from North Carolina.
  Mr. HELMS. Mr. President, I suggest the absence of a quorum.
  The PRESIDING OFFICER. The clerk will call the roll.
  The legislative clerk proceeded to call the roll.
  Mr. HELMS. Mr. President, I ask unanimous consent that the order for 
the quorum call be rescinded.
  The PRESIDING OFFICER. Without objection, it is so ordered.
  Mr. HELMS. Mr. President, I would ask the distinguished Presiding 
Officer if my understanding is correct that we are in a period when 
amendments can be offered, although several amendments--I do not know 
how many--have been set aside for this purpose; is that correct?
  The PRESIDING OFFICER. That is correct. Although it does take 
unanimous consent to set aside the pending 
[[Page S5326]] amendments before additional business can be ordered.
  Mr. HELMS. Mr. President, I ask unanimous consent that all the 
amendments necessary be set aside.
  The PRESIDING OFFICER. Without objection, it is so ordered.
  Mr. HELMS. Mr. President, I have a bit of a dilemma. I have been in 
Foreign Relations Committee meetings and other things most of the day. 
I am not aware of precisely what has happened on one issue which is of 
great interest to me and which I consider to be an outrageous invasion 
of the taxpayers money. It involves the 1995 appropriations bill 
containing $30 million that would be spent to build housing for Russian 
military officers.
  My understanding is that there may have been some action to delete 
part of that $30 million. I will speak my opinion about this and then I 
will consult with the chairman of the Appropriations Committee, who is 
now on the floor, about whether my understanding is correct.
  This program was begun, as I recall, in 1993 by President Clinton. In 
my judgment, it is a perfect example of how the United States conceives 
a bad foreign aid giveaway program, shrouds it in doubletalk to protect 
it, and then scrambles to spend the money when elected officials in 
Congress raise questions about it.
  In April 1993, President Clinton met at a summit with Russian 
President Boris Yeltsin in Vancouver. At that time, Mr. Clinton 
proposed that the United States would pay--meaning the taxpayers of the 
United States would pay--to construct housing in Russia so that Russian 
troops occupying the Baltic States could be withdrawn to Russia.
  Now, let me drag that by one more time--going to spend American 
taxpayers' money to build housing for Russian soldiers so Russian 
soldiers can go home.
  The Clinton administration suggested this, as I understand it, on the 
grounds that no housing existed in Russia for these soldiers.
  There is at least one problem with that logic. Instead of building 
housing in Russia, the United States is now giving Russian soldiers 
$25,000 apiece to go out and purchase an existing unoccupied house. Now 
I am in favor of home ownership and I wish the Clinton administration 
would support more home ownership right here in America. But this 
program, Mr. President, is absolutely outrageous.
  In fact, what the administration is saying is that it is not a 
housing shortage that the Russian military has; it is a cash shortage. 
I think that question is going to be of great interest to a lot of 
America's taxpayers.
  Well, the U.S. Government, as a matter of fact, come to think of it, 
has a cash shortage. The Federal debt, as of yesterday afternoon 
closing time, was over 4.8 trillion bucks. Everybody knows about the 
budget deficit. We have talked and talked and talked about it for 
years. Finally, when something is being done about it, you hear all the 
weeping and wailing and gnashing of teeth--``But you can't do that to 
this one or you are doing this to that one,'' and so forth.
  So I want to see these political figures go home and try to explain 
their votes against cutting the Federal deficit.
  The administration itself is struggling to fund a request for 77,000 
new and improved housing units for American soldiers and their 
families. They do not have the money for it, but they are struggling to 
find it. But they have already found it for the Russian soldiers. The 
conditions in which many of the men and women who serve in the U.S. 
services--the Army, Navy, Marines, and all the rest--are required to 
live are circumstances that are an embarrassment. And yet we have money 
for $25,000 apiece for Russian soldiers for housing.
  Finally, the question absolutely must be asked: why does the Russian 
military have a shortage of money? The answer is no further away than 
the evening news in various places where the Russians are still 
participating in mayhem.
  This program to build housing for Russian soldiers is not essential 
and it did not get the Russian military out of the Baltic States. This 
program is nothing but a golden parachute for the Russian military--not 
the United States military.
  Mr. President, while the United States plays real estate agent to the 
Russian military, they have time and resources to fight in other places 
they ought not to be fighting.
  Let me ask the distinguished chairman of the Appropriations Committee 
if any action on this outrageous allocation of money has been taken 
since I last heard.
  Mr. President, I suggest the absence of a quorum.
  The PRESIDING OFFICER. The clerk will call the roll.
  The legislative clerk proceeded to call the roll.
  Mr. HATFIELD. Mr. President, I ask unanimous consent that the order 
for the quorum call be rescinded.
  The PRESIDING OFFICER. Without objection, it is so ordered.
  The Senator from Oregon is recognized.
  Mr. HATFIELD. Mr. President, I would like to respond to the Senator 
from North Carolina in terms of the ``provision in this bill,'' the 
conference report on H.R. 889, that is, the bill on military defense 
appropriations that we conferenced yesterday, and we are now about to 
face that conference report, it having passed the House.
  A number of years ago when, I believe, President Bush was still 
President and made a trip to the Baltics, he found that even though the 
Soviet Union had ceased to exist in reality, that the Baltic 
Governments that had emerged out of that former Iron Curtain power base 
of the Soviet Union, that those occupation troops, particularly the 
officers within the occupation of the Baltics, were not going back to 
Russia, were not returning home. They were remaining in the Baltics. 
They were wearing their uniforms, and that gave the new Baltic 
Governments great concern as to the intentions, and what have you.
  Upon a careful analysis, they found that the Russians were not 
returning home because they had no housing to return to. The housing 
market had just been totally demolished over the years, and they found 
better housing in the Baltics.
  So in the first initial step, we had what was called a demonstration 
project, I suppose, a figure of about $6 million--I am recalling now, 
not precisely--but a single-digit figure was appropriated as a 
demonstration project to help the Russians produce housing, not just 
for those officers still in the Baltics but also to start a housing 
industry in that country that had had no housing policy to speak of.
  Then following that, there was a commitment made, and that now 
carries over into the Clinton administration, within the Baltic reaches 
that after there is that skill that comes out of that demonstration 
project we had to find an incentive to get these Russian officers out.
  So a voucher system was provided, $25,000 voucher value for housing 
in Russia. That has then proceeded to, as we know now, there being no 
officers left in uniform. Some have decided to make the Baltics their 
home, have taken off the uniform and are rooting in as citizens, not as 
officers.
  There were a lot of questions raised about this whole policy to begin 
with but, nevertheless, it was felt to be a sound policy to pursue to 
assist our new government friends in the Baltics.
  We had, in effect, a drawdown from a $100 million appropriation to 
what we thought was about $75 million unobligated funds in the 
pipeline. These figures are difficult, and we are not certain of these 
figures. We cannot precisely identify the total number, but we think it 
is around $75 million.
  The House had rescinded all $75 million in their bill. We, on the 
Senate side, rescinded none. We kept whatever that figure--75--in the 
bill.
  Mr. HELMS. That is what got my attention.
  Mr. HATFIELD. Yes. Now when we went to conference, we engaged in a 
lot of discussion, a lot of debate, and then the questions were raised 
as to what is the precise figure in that budget. We have the State 
Department, we have other sources, that have yet to give what we 
consider satisfactory figures so that we can say exactly how much.
  So the House made a proposal to the Senate that we reallocate $15 
million out of the $75 million; leave, in a sense, a total of $60 
million to be revisited at 
[[Page S5327]] a time when we can get that exact figure, which would 
probably be in the 1996 cycle, assuming this report passes now as a 
rescission package. Other discussions might be engendered out of the 
Foreign Relations Committee. We are not wedded on the basis of that 
program to say that is in place to last into the indefinite future.
  Mr. HELMS. I hope it has no future.
  Mr. HATFIELD. Because of the question of not only appropriations 
under the circumstance of today, but the policy issue itself.
  All I can say, as the chairman of the Appropriations Committee, we 
are doing the minimal of what we can legitimately do and maintain 
commitments that are in process or already made, until we can get a 
more exact total figure of unobligated funds.
  Mr. HELMS. But the Senator will not presume to permit any further 
commitments. Is that correct?
  Mr. HATFIELD. We have no basis upon which at this time to make a 
statement to the future of this program, because every program today is 
under such careful review and scrutiny in terms of our budget deficit, 
in terms of our priorities. Obviously, these rescissions are only to 
reflect upon the current fiscal year anyway.
  Mr. HELMS. I am not being critical of the Senator. I would hate to 
have his job as chairman of the Appropriations Committee.
  It seems to me we have $60 million somewhere in limbo--it might be in 
the pipeline, it may have been committed without our knowing. There are 
so many ambiguities about it. How can we tie it up so there will be no 
commitment beyond what has already been made?
  Mr. HATFIELD. Well, I think that the situation is such that when the 
House rescinded the total figure of unobligated funds, it sent a very, 
very strong message to the agencies themselves. I suppose it should 
send a message to the authorizing committee as well, which the Senator 
from North Carolina chairs.
  We have a whole foreign aid bill under constant review. Nothing is a 
commitment very far down the road.
  We are dealing with the problem right now in this appropriation bill 
report that is pending as to how to delineate between the Department of 
Defense pursuing and executing a humanitarian program as a police 
action program and as it relates to the defense of this Nation. In 
other words, there are those who say we should not be charging, in 
offsets, any of these incursions into Haiti, et cetera, et cetera, back 
to the DOD appropriations budget.
  So we are engaged in a lot of issues here that are pretty cloudy at 
this moment. I do not think any part of this can be a statement of 
future commitment at all.
  Mr. HELMS. Let me ask, if I may, will we have somebody on the 
Appropriations Committee staff try to explain to me specifically where 
the $60 million is, because I do not want to leave this unvisited 
before we pass this bill. Can somebody answer that?
  Mr. HATFIELD. We can certainly do that. We have very excellent staff 
that can be supportive of your questions and responsive to your 
questions.
  Let me just say in summary, we have no precise figures at this 
moment. We are dependent upon a couple of agencies from the executive 
branch of government to provide such figures. We do not keep the books 
in that sense. We are now at a level of commitment in this report that 
we feel will be sufficient to cover any current commitments, 
obligations, or pipeline. Until we can get that precise figure we 
cannot answer that part of your question.
  I can answer your question in the sense, does this have any kind of a 
base of commitment for 1996, or 1997, and I could say on that, ``No, it 
makes no basic commitment for 1996.'' We will review 1996 in a totally 
different context.
  Mr. HELMS. So, the Foreign Relations Committee, I assure the Senate--
--
  Mr. HATFIELD. I want to make sure, as the chairman of the 
Appropriations Committee, that the Senator understands we are not 
trying to make policy in our committee when the policy committee that 
he chairs is in that position.
  Mr. HELMS. The strongest policy part of any legislation are the 
dollars. That is what really counts.
  I am not saying anything that the Senator does not know or believe 
himself.
  I thank the Chair.
  I suggest the absence of a quorum.
  The PRESIDING OFFICER. The clerk will call the roll.
  The legislative clerk proceeded to call the roll.
  Mr. HATFIELD. I ask unanimous consent that the order for the quorum 
call be rescinded.
  The PRESIDING OFFICER. Without objection, it is so ordered.
  Mr. HATFIELD. Mr. President, I ask for the regular order.
  The PRESIDING OFFICER. The regular order is the Murkowski-D'Amato 
amendment to the D'Amato amendment No. 427.
  Mr. HATFIELD. I thank the Chair.
  I suggest the absence of a quorum.
  The PRESIDING OFFICER. The clerk will call the roll.
  The legislative clerk proceeded to call the roll.
  Mr. HOLLINGS. Mr. President, I ask unanimous consent that the order 
for the quorum call be rescinded.
  The PRESIDING OFFICER. Without objection, it is so ordered.
  Mr. HOLLINGS. Mr. President, I ask unanimous consent that the pending 
amendment be set aside so I can send an amendment to the desk.
  The PRESIDING OFFICER. Without objection, it is so ordered.


                 Amendment No. 574 to Amendment No. 420

  Mr. HOLLINGS. Mr. President, I send an amendment to the desk and ask 
for its immediate consideration.
  The PRESIDING OFFICER. The clerk will report.
  The legislative clerk read as follows:

       The Senator from South Carolina [Mr. Hollings], for 
     himself, Mr. Thurmond, Mr. Bingaman, Mr. Breaux, Mr. Glenn, 
     Mr. Graham, Mr. Leahy, Mr. Levin, Mr. Kohl, Mr. Lieberman, 
     Mr. Kennedy, Mr. Kerry, Mrs. Murray, Mr. Pell, Mr. 
     Rockefeller, and Mr. Sarbanes, proposes an amendment numbered 
     574 to amendment No. 420.

  Mr. HOLLINGS. Mr. President, I ask unanimous consent that reading of 
the amendment be dispensed with.
  The PRESIDING OFFICER. Without objection, it is so ordered.
  The amendment is as follows:

       On page 9 of the substitute amendment, strike line 1 
     through line 23 and insert the following:


                     industrial technology services

                              (rescission)

       Of the funds made available under this heading in Public 
     Law 103-317, $3,100,000 are rescinded.


                  construction of research facilities

                              (rescission)

       Of the unobligated balances available under this heading, 
     $30,000,000 are rescinded.


 national oceanic and atmospheric administration operations, research 
                             and facilities

                              (rescission)

       Of the funds made available under this heading in Public 
     Law 103-317, $25,100,000 are rescinded.


                              construction

                              (rescission)

       Of the funds made available under this heading in Public 
     Law 103-317, $13,000,000 are rescinded.


                    goes satellite contingency fund

                              (rescission)

       Of the unobligated balances available under this heading, 
     $2,5000,000 are rescinded.

  Mr. HOLLINGS. Mr. President, this goes to the heart of our work in 
the Appropriations Subcommittee of State, Justice, and Commerce whereby 
we want to support the overall amount of the rescission but to redirect 
it to less important financial requirements at this particular time. In 
other words, my amendment would restore current programs that have been 
found very effective for the NOAA coastal oceans program, $7 million to 
the NOAA climate and global change research, $1.5 million to the Under 
Secretary for Technology, and $24 million to the NIST manufacturing 
extension program for a total of $37.5 million in total restoration.
  Those restorations are offset by $30 million from the unobligated 
balances in the NIST construction, $5 million in the unobligated 
balances in the NOAA construction, and $2.5 million in the unobligated 
balances of the NOAA contingency fund.
  All of those construction funds and everything else are to be set 
aside not to be expended this year. Of course, the distinguished 
Senator from Texas, 
[[Page S5328]] chairman of our subcommittee, and I are just now 
completing our series of hearings for next year's appropriations. So we 
are not turning away in any context our dedication to the various 
requested construction commitments. But, in a word, what we are saying 
is let us not go for office buildings but rather for building jobs.
  Let me go right to the heart of the connection between this amendment 
and the so-called Contract With America, which I welcome because this 
is a good tonic to come to town and stir everybody up and get us 
moving. Many elements of the contract are things that I have worked 
upon--the unfunded mandates, the balanced budget amendment to the 
Constitution, which I voted for already three times. I did not vote for 
it this time because I did not want to repeal my own law that puts 
Social Security off budget.
  On that matter, I do not believe that we should just move deficits. 
Rather, let us eliminate deficits. I did not want to move the 
Government's deficit from the general Government over to Social 
Security. So when we were debating the balanced budget amendment, all 
they had to do is exempt the Social Security funds instead of repealing 
my section 13301 which says ``Thou shall not use Social Security 
funds'' in the estimates of the deficit and the debt. That was put in 
by Senator Heinz and myself back in 1990 and signed into law by 
President Bush.
  With respect to the other parts of the contract, the line-item veto, 
is actually my bill, which was a compromise between the two rescissions 
initiatives by Senator McCain and Senator Domenici.
  So there is much with which we can agree. But I thought in coming to 
town here at this particular session in January that our purpose was to 
pay the bill, and create jobs--not to adopt a contract which does not 
in itself create a single job or pay a single bill. It has more to do 
with symbols than substance, more with procedures than actual 
production. Now we have an amendment before the body which actually 
produces jobs.
  I am convinced, after the hearing we had this morning, that we will 
get a most sympathetic hearing from our distinguished chairman of the 
subcommittee, Senator Gramm of Texas, because the two big elements of 
misgiving that I have heard expressed about the NIST programs of the 
Advanced Technology Program and the Manufacturing Centers is on the one 
hand, that this was industrial policy, Government picking winners and 
losers, and on the other hand, that this was pork, political pork. Let 
me address the first particular problem.
  Of course, we make all kinds of industrial policies. This morning, 
with respect to product liability, we told industry just exactly what 
it can expect--less care in the manufacturing. Currently, we have the 
highest degree of care in the United States of America in its 
manufacturing. But what we did was put in all kinds of gimmicks and 
hurdles that hamstring the individuals right to a trial by jury and 
thereby significantly affects industry. But we will not go any further 
into that.
  But we get industrial policy when we recommend a minimum wage, when 
we come forward and say we are going to have parental leave, when we 
say we are going to have to have plant closing notice, safe machinery, 
safer working place, Social Security, unemployment compensation, 
Medicare, Medicaid. You can go right on down the list. When we in a 
bipartisan fashion, which is the record, adopt those measures, we get 
into industrial policy. There has been a fetish around town amongst the 
pollsters putting out their pap about industrial policy, saying ``let 
the market choose the winners and losers rather than the bureaucrats 
and politicians in Washington.'' I agree with that.
  But, while we make industrial policy all the time, my amendment 
supports an industrial policy chosen by industry. We ensure sound 
industrial choice by requiring the industry to come with 50 percent of 
the money at least in their pocket and also to go through a peer review 
system of the National Academy of Engineering and the overall 
Government peer review choice. That was brought out in specific by Mary 
Lou Good, Dr. Good, the undersecretary in charge of technology, a real 
expert; had been in charge of their research and development over the 
years and just had a perfect speaking knowledge about the various 
things to guard against and make sure it was the industry and not the 
politician choosing the winner and loser, so to speak.
  And otherwise, we carefully designed the peer review to make sure 
that the Senator could not call and get a manufacturing center, the 
Secretary of Commerce could not call and get one, nor could the 
President, nor the White House minions call over and say, ``We want 
it.'' In fact, our absolute track record with this program under every 
administration has been one of just exactly that, of unbiased peer 
review.
  I can tell you categorically we did have a little hesitation in the 
markup of our bill over the past few years because the distinguished 
chairman on the House side wanted one of these but we never would write 
it in. We said we are not breaking ranks and starting with these 
markups on bills and inserting anything like Lawrence Welk's home as 
one of these manufacturing centers.
  Otherwise, consider the matter of pork. I must refer to the 
distinguished former Senator from Wyoming, Senator Wallop. He pointed 
out in reading an article year before last, or April 2 years ago, how 
the chairman of the Democratic Party had gone to the West Coast under 
the Clinton administration. He said, ``Look here.'' I read the article. 
The chairman of the party is saying categorically the end all and be 
all of Presidential--and I know the Senator from Mississippi is 
interested in Presidential elections.
 The end all and be all of Presidential elections is California. And, 
according to this article, this administration was going to send out 
Ron Brown, the Secretary of Commerce, and he was going to pour the 
projects to the State of California and we were really going to get on 
the move over here for our party.

  Well, that there just tackled me from behind because it was not true 
at all. The Secretary of Commerce could not do it. But it was a 
tremendous misgiving on the part of Senator Wallop and others on the 
other side of the aisle, even though 14 Republican Senators and a task 
force for reconversion had gone on and endorsed this particular 
program. It took us several days, what we had previously passed almost 
by unanimous consent took us several days to pass, and then with an 
overwhelming majority we passed the authorization.
  So I had to answer up to that matter of pork and make sure that 
everyone knew that this was as well administered a governmental program 
on the basis of merit that we have ever had.
  Another question arose then. The Senator from Texas says, now, ``what 
is the cutoff date?'' Well, that is a good question because you would 
think in the global competition, the answer could be given ``when is 
the cutoff date for Germany, for Japan, for Taiwan?'' And all our 
competition that has been investing way more than this. They just pour 
in the research and development, and we are trying to catch up, since 
we do not have long-term investments here in the United States--it is 
everything short term with the Wall Street market. It is tough, tough 
to get these little, small, fledgling industries going because they go 
to the market seeking credit, but if it takes more than two-, three-, 
four-quarters, over a year to get a good return, they can put the money 
elsewhere. This is a quick turnaround society in which we live. And the 
others go for the long range and can lose some in the short term. 
Specifically, the Japanese this past year, 1994, took over an 
additional 1.2 percent of the automobile market, losing, if you please, 
losing $2.5 billion. Of course, they made it back in the Tokyo market 
selling cars in Japan.
  We do not have that kind of policy, and we do not want that kind of 
policy. And we are not going to have that kind of approach to our 
problems here. But to try to stay alive in the competition, we very 
wisely, with the support of the competitiveness council, and President 
Bush in his address to the joint session of the Congress, agreed to 
come forward and resolve the National Institute of Standards into the 
National Institute of Standards and Technology, and on a peer review 
merit basis to start meeting this kind of competition.
  We had a very, very thorough hearing about it this morning, and these 
offsets are not really going to hurt anybody 
[[Page S5329]] and certainly they will not diminish further our effort 
with respect to jobs.
  In the other rescission bill, we have already knocked $90 million off 
the advanced technology program. We cannot afford, on these research 
centers, manufacturing centers, to knock another $24 million off of 
this.
  Specifically, in agriculture, when the question was asked, when is 
the cutoff date? Well, Roosevelt started it in 1933 with price supports 
and protective quotas, and we still have it. In fact, we have 
embellished it with advertising and export promotion. They got over $1 
billion selling California raisins and almonds and California wines and 
all these other agricultural products. Here, for the poor fellow, 
working in industry, trying to hold his job, nothing but this babble of 
free-trade nonsense, whereby we are blaming America's labor for a 
flawed trade policy.
  There is no question in my mind; we have the most competitive 
industry worker, the most productive industrial worker in the entire 
world, but we have a silly, really nonpolicy of running around and 
acting like we are still on foreign policy and we have to sacrifice on 
the kind of relation in the Pacific rim, we have to defend them and we 
have to continue to give them all our jobs.
  I can talk at length, but I see others waiting. I do not want to go 
too long, but I wish my colleagues to understand its fullest 
importance. That is why I did not want to agree to a time limit right 
here at the initial part of this particular amendment. If we had, 
Senator, the same number of manufacturing jobs as we had 25 years ago, 
we would add 10 million manufacturing jobs.
  What am I saying? I am saying that in 1970, 25 years ago, 10 percent 
of the consumption of manufactured products in the United States of 
America was represented in imports. Now, over 50 percent of the 
consumption of manufactured products is represented in imports. If we 
had gone back to the 90 percent that we had of U.S. manufacture of this 
country's consumption of manufactured products, we would immediately 
add 10 million jobs.
  What does that mean? Some of my friends here have talked today about 
foreign policy. I would like to get to foreign policy. What does it 
mean? It means that if you cannot have a strong manufacturing sector, 
said Mr. Morita--former chairman of Sony--in a particular seminar we 
attended in Chicago years back, if you cannot have a strong 
manufacturing sector, you cannot be a nation state. And the country 
that loses its manufacturing power ceases to be a world power.
  What we are learning already in the WTO, I say to the Senator from 
Mississippi. We thought we had a consensus on who would be the 
president of the WTO--like Mickey Kantor would come in and say we are 
going to have a consensus. Oh, we are in charge. Consensus. Consensus. 
We got together on a consensus with the Italian as the choice. In fact, 
the poor fellow now--I happen to like him. They say he is a 
protectionist. OK, that is common sense to me. We have a high standard 
of living. We have to protect it. But the gentleman from Italy they 
said was totally unacceptable. We could not have him. We tried to get 
the man, Salinas, down in Mexico, and he bombed out. And then we ended 
up with the Italian, who is now going to be the president of the WTO. 
The second choice was Korea, and we are sitting around with our so-
called consensus.
  On our most important choice to be made we have already been rolled 
with WTO. When you lose your economic power, you lose your influence in 
foreign policy. The foreign policy, Mr. President, of this land is like 
a three-legged stool. You have as one leg the values of the country; 
your second leg of military power; and your third leg of economic 
power.
  That one leg of values as a nation is strong. We sacrifice to feed 
the hungry in Somalia and bring democracy to Haiti. No one questions it 
or our military power, the military leg. We are the superpower. But 
when it comes around to the economic leg, Mr. President, I can tell 
you, here and now, that leg over the last 40 years, 45 years, has been 
fractured due to the special relationship that we had to give. We had 
to rebuild the capitalist economy the world around in order to contain 
communism. And bless it, the Marshall plan has worked. We have no 
misgivings about it. But now, with the fall of the wall, we have an 
opportunity here to repair that economic leg for America.
  And this one little initiative here out of all the other initiatives 
has been the bipartisan move toward production and manufacture and 
strengthening that economic leg. That is what this particular amendment 
does. It could not be considered, incidentally, in the subcommittee. We 
tried, but we could not get a hearing, as the ranking member. Our 
subcommittee report was read out without a single one Senator on this 
side of the aisle ever having heard of it.
  I wanted to have a chance to repair that and say, ``Look, set aside 
construction funds, money just hanging around not to be used in this 
fiscal year. Why rescind ongoing programs that we have in the several 
States on a merit basis that is one of the finest that we have ever got 
to try to help?"
  I will speak a little bit further. I see other Senators wanting to be 
recognized.
  I have the list of the industries here with respect to what we call 
the Advanced Technology Coalition, representing 5 million U.S. workers, 
3,500 electronic firms, 329,000 engineers, and 13,500 companies in the 
manufacturing sector. They have endorsed this particular program.
  And it is really down to the minimal basis, not near what we give to 
NASA and all its research in space, not near what we have in 
agriculture, not near what we have in alternative energy and in nuclear 
endeavors. Here is a fledgling little $300 million program that we are 
trying to keep alive, and some, I think, unknowingly, have cut it, 
because over on the other side there is a gentleman--incidentally, from 
Pennsylvania--who says we ought to not only get rid of this but get rid 
of the entire Department of Commerce.
  Mr. President, I yield the floor.
  Mr. SPECTER addressed the Chair.
  The PRESIDING OFFICER. The Senator from Pennsylvania.
  Mr. SPECTER. I thank the Chair.
  Mr. President, I have sought recognition to comment briefly on the 
pending legislation. There appears to be some reason for optimism that 
we are in the final stages and will be completing action on this bill 
yet this evening.
  As chairman of the Subcommittee on Labor, Health, Human Services, and 
Education, our subcommittee faced a very major rescission package, as 
sent over by the House of Representatives, amounting to some $5.9 
billion. While the full appropriations package addressed the 
rescissions of the House--with somewhat different calculations because 
FEMA, the Federal Emergency Management Agency, was deferred. The 
committee was able to shift priorities, so that the rescissions in our 
Subcommittee on Labor, Health and Human Services, and Education was 
reduced to $3.05 billion.
  We restored some $1 billion in cuts on education because it was our 
sense that the education funding should remain at as high a level as 
possible.
  It is my own view, Mr. President, that education, as a national 
priority, is second to none. I come by that view from the experience 
with my own parents, both of whom were immigrants, who had very little 
education and therefore valued it very highly in our household. My 
father, Harry Specter, had no formal education. My mother, Lillie 
Specter, went only to the eighth grade when she quit school to help 
support her family on the tragic death of her father from a heart 
attack in his mid to late forties. But my brother, my two sisters and I 
have been the beneficiaries of the opportunity to share in the American 
dream with good educations. And that has been a point for which I have 
always worked hard to try to maintain the funding, supported by Senator 
Harkin the ranking member of the subcommittee.
  Senator Harkin agreed with restoring these funds to education, and 
included in that was the restoration of funding of $371 million for 
drug-free schools. Mr. President, the drug problem in the school system 
is the intersection of education and violence. Funding for the program 
is supported by our subcommittee, supported by the full committee and 
supported, it appears, by the Senate. Perhaps even more money will be 
added back on drug-free schools which is a very, very high priority.
   [[Page S5330]] We also restored some $13 million for worker safety, 
for OSHA, where the funds had been cut. It is very, very important to 
have safety on the job.
  Another key item was low-income home energy assistance for the 
elderly and poor. Principally, this vital program provides assistance 
for many Americans who earned less than $8,000 a year. For these low 
income or elderly without this important program it comes down to a 
choice, as the expression goes, between heating or eating.
  The program also is very, very important, as a matter of safety. In a 
3-month period in the city of Philadelphia, 11 people were killed, many 
of them children, in families which were using kerosene heaters because 
they did not have enough money for the regular fuel allotment. The 
committee has reinstated the program from the House cuts.
  I think it is very important, Mr. President, to meet the target of 
balancing the budget by the year 2002, but I think it has to be done 
with a scalpel and not a meat ax. Traditionally, as the Founding 
Fathers articulated, the Senate is the saucer that cools the tea from 
the House of Representatives. The strength in our system is a bicameral 
legislature--that is a House of Representatives and a Senate--the 
models of most of the States in the United States, and it takes both of 
the Houses to work it out.
  So I think we will come up in the Senate with a very sound bill. 
There have been negotiations, as has been announced on the floor, and 
it appears at this point that there will be add-backs on a number of 
the programs, which could, apparently, lead to less of a cut from the 
$3.05 billion.
  But it appears that we will have had an appropriate allocation of 
resources and assessment of priorities and that we will take a good 
bill into conference. Hopefully, we can eliminate unnecessary expenses 
but, at the same time, retain the programs which are very important for 
America's safety net.
  I thank the Chair and I yield the floor.
  Mr. LOTT addressed the Chair.
  The PRESIDING OFFICER. The Senator from Mississippi.
  Mr. LOTT. Mr. President, on behalf of our leader, I would like to see 
if we could not get a time agreement now on the Hollings amendment. I 
understand Senator Hollings has already had some time to speak and has 
indicated a willingness to enter into this agreement.
  I ask unanimous consent that the time on the pending Hollings 
amendment be limited to the following: 20 minutes under the control of 
Senator Hollings, 10 minutes under the control of Senator Hatfield; I 
further ask that, following the conclusion or yielding back of the 
time, Senator Dole or his designee be recognized to make a motion to 
table.
  The PRESIDING OFFICER. Is there objection?
  Mr. HOLLINGS. With no amendments to our amendment?
  Mr. LOTT. That is fine. No amendment is mentioned here.
  Mr. HOLLINGS. I thank the Senator.
  The PRESIDING OFFICER. Without objection, so ordered.
  Mr. AKAKA addressed the Chair.
  The PRESIDING OFFICER. The Senator from Hawaii.
  Mr. AKAKA. If it is in order, I would like to propose an amendment, 
Mr. President.
  The PRESIDING OFFICER. Will the Senator suspend?
  The Senate has just entered into a time agreement on the Hollings 
amendment.
  Who yields time?
  Mr. HOLLINGS. Can we temporarily set this aside so the Senator from 
Hawaii and the Senator from Pennsylvania could be recognized?
  Mr. LOTT. Mr. President, the Senator from Hawaii has an amendment he 
would like to offer. Could I inquire of the Senator from Hawaii, is 
this an amendment that has been worked out?
  Mr. AKAKA. It is an a amendment that has been agreed to on both 
sides. I have spoken with Chairman Specter and he agrees with this 
amendment.
  By unanimous consent, I wanted to offer the amendment.
  Mr. LOTT. How much time does the Senator expect to take?
  Mr. AKAKA. I will take 2 minutes.
  Mr. SPECTER. Mr. President, if my distinguished colleague from Hawaii 
would yield, I believe we will work that amendment through in the final 
package, so it would not be in order to offer it at this time.
  But I understand the distinguished Senator from Hawaii would like to 
speak about it, which I think would be entirely appropriate to outline 
what we will accomplish. But structurally and procedurally, we will 
include that in the final managers' amendment, which will accommodate 
what the Senator from Hawaii wants to achieve.
  Mr. President, while I have the floor, I had asked the distinguished 
assistant leader if Senator Santorum and I--and I cleared this with the 
Senator from South Carolina--might have 10 minutes for a brief 
presentation on a memorial to Jimmy Stewart in Indiana, PA, which will 
be coming up after the Senator from Hawaii finishes his remarks.
  Mr. HOLLINGS. And without the time being allocated on our particular 
unanimous consent agreement.
  Mr. LOTT. I am sure that would be fine. But after that, I know the 
leader would like for us to really begin to finish the debate on this 
amendment and other amendments that have been agreed to so we can begin 
to bring this to a conclusion.
  But I believe we are going to have a couple minutes now for the 
Senator from Hawaii and then 10 minutes for the Senator from 
Pennsylvania.
  The PRESIDING OFFICER. Would the Senator from Mississippi wish to 
propose a unanimous consent request for this?
  Mr. LOTT. Mr. President, I so make that request to have 2 minutes for 
the distinguished Senator from Hawaii to discuss an amendment that will 
be the managers' amendment, and 10 minutes for the two Senators from 
Pennsylvania on a subject relating to Jimmy Stewart, I believe.
  The PRESIDING OFFICER. Is there objection? Without objection, so 
ordered.
  Mr. AKAKA addressed the Chair.
  The PRESIDING OFFICER. The Senator from Hawaii.
                   Demonstration Partnership Program

  Mr. AKAKA. Mr. President, I thank the leadership, and I thank my 
friend, Chairman Specter, for including it in his manager's report.
  I have an amendment, which will be in the chairman's report, and it 
would restore partial funding for the $7.9 million rescinded from the 
Demonstration Partnership Program. My hope is this amendment is 
agreeable and that it will receive the support of my colleagues.
  The DPP, administered by the Office of Community Services in the 
Administration for Children and Families of the Department of Health 
and Human Services, has a highly successful record of employing 
innovative approaches to increase self-sufficiency for the poor.
  The program provides grants to community action agencies and other 
eligible entities of the community services block grant. The objectives 
of the DPP are to develop tests and evaluate new approaches for 
overcoming poverty, as well as to disseminate project results and 
evaluation findings so that successful programs can be replicated 
elsewhere.
  I also want to inform my colleagues that there is agreement to 
offsets for this $3 million, and there is agreement by the staff on 
both sides of the Appropriations Committee.
  Therefore, Mr. President, I urge the adoption of my amendment and 
thank Chairman Specter for including it in his report. I yield back any 
time remaining.
  Mr. SPECTER addressed the Chair.
  The PRESIDING OFFICER. The Senator from Pennsylvania.
  Mr. SPECTER. Mr. President, rather than taking time now from the 
amendment of the distinguished Senator from South Carolina, Senator 
Santorum and I would like to amend the unanimous-consent agreement to 
take 10 minutes at the conclusion of the next vote.
  The PRESIDING OFFICER. Without objection, it is so ordered.
  Mr. SPECTER. I thank the Chair.
  The PRESIDING OFFICER. Who yields time?
  Mr. HOLLINGS. Mr. President, I yield myself sufficient time. The 
Senator from Connecticut, Senator Lieberman, wanted to be heard. I ask 
unanimous consent that the Senator 
[[Page S5331]] from Virginia, Senator Robb, be added as a cosponsor.
  The PRESIDING OFFICER. Without objection, it is so ordered.
  Mr. HOLLINGS. Mr. President, I think it is fundamental that we all 
understand that this movement with respect to the development of our 
technology came about at the same time that we were trying to get 
conversion programs in the Defense Department, including start-up 
funding for many of the extension centers in this particular program. 
In fact, we actually got as NIST Director Dr. Arati Prabhakar, one of 
the top managers who had worked with Craig Fields over at DARPA, and 
NIST is now taking over the funding of 37 DOD-started extension centers 
that help small firms that are no less attuned to civilian purposes 
rather than to military purposes.
  If this little amendment is knocked out, and some $25.6 million, is 
rescinded, as originally proposed in the bill, then what you have left 
is only $65 million to support a total of 44 centers, plus any new 
centers for other States. There is a cutoff period of 6 years also in 
this program that I forgot to emphasize. These centers come up with at 
least 50 percent of the cost to begin with and over the years we have 
an ever diminishing amount by the Feds and an ever increasing amount by 
the sponsoring State along with the industry. They take over these 
extension centers.
  By way of comparison, it should be shown that this past year, where 
we had some $91 million in these centers and now, if we lose $25 
million, we would end up with only $65 million. You can compare that to 
the $439 million budget this year of extension program of the U.S. 
Department of Agriculture, a figure that does include research or the 
cooperative education programs; to NASA with an aeronautical research 
and assistance budget of $882 million; and the Department of Energy, 
where there is another $3.315 billion for civilian energy research. And 
what we have is a very restricted program, run on a peer-review basis, 
of $91 million. We are trying to restore the proposed cut by using 
unobligated balances within the same NIST budget.
  I also emphasize at this particular time, Mr. President, before 
yielding as much time as is necessary to the Senator from Connecticut, 
that I would like to read just one sentence from the 1992 Senate 
Republican defense conversion task force. This was a very outstanding 
group of some 14 Republican Senators, including the Senator from 
Kansas, now the majority leader, and many others here, without reading 
out their names. I read the language:

       The task force endorses two programs of the National 
     Institute of Standards and Technology as important to the 
     effort to promote technology transfer to allow defense 
     industries to convert to civilian activities. These programs 
     are the Manufactured Technology Program and the Advanced 
     Technology Program.

  That is exactly what we have been doing. This has been bipartisan 
from the very beginning. It has worked very well. There is no pork and 
there is no industrial policy with the Government picking winners and 
losers.
  I yield as much time as he needs to the distinguished Senator from 
Connecticut. I do appreciate his support.
  The PRESIDING OFFICER. The Senator from Connecticut.
  Mr. LIEBERMAN. Mr. President, the state of manufacturing in this 
country is mixed. On the one hand our manufacturing productivity is 
increasing, but on the other hand we are losing manufacturing jobs by 
the millions. Manufacturing which once was the life blood of our 
economy is bleeding jobs overseas. We need to provide the 
infrastructure that insures that manufacturing flourishes.
  Some kinds of manufacturing have been experiencing a resurgence in 
the last decade. This resurgence has been dominated by big business, 
not by small and mid-sized businesses. I am worried about the 381,000 
manufacturing companies of less than 500 workers, representing nearly 
12 million employees. Taken as a group, these small and mid-sized 
manufacturers are the source of the largest number of new manufacturing 
jobs, and, they represent real growth for our economy. Perhaps most 
importantly, small and mid-sized manufacturers have become the 
foundation of our manufacturing industry.
  Larger manufacturers are no longer self-sufficient. Outsourcing is 
more and more often the most efficient and competitive way to 
manufacture. Take the example of a Chrysler car. Typically 70 percent 
of the final product is manufactured by Chrysler itself, the rest is 
manufactured by a myriad of smaller suppliers. This web of smaller 
manufacturers have become the core of the manufacturing industry. When 
U.S. small manufacturers thrive, our manufacturing industry as a whole 
thrives, and our economy thrives. If our smaller suppliers are not 
competitive, they compromise the quality of the final product, or more 
realistically, they lose out to more qualified suppliers abroad. We 
have to decide how, as a nation, we are going to build our 
manufacturing infrastructure so that we do not lose these jobs and this 
potential for economic growth.
  As I look at our manufacturing competitors, I am struck by how little 
we do to support this critical component of our economy. American big 
manufacturers have had the resources to undergo something of a long and 
painful rebirth. They have learned from their competitors how to 
modernize their manufacturing processes as well as their products. At 
one time, it was sufficient to provide new products in a wide variety. 
Then as more companies had products, being the company with the best 
price was the order winner. Then, all competitive companies had low 
prices, and the company with the highest quality products started 
winning the orders. Now, a company must supply high quality, low cost 
products, in a wide variety and deliver it exactly when the customer 
needs it. These demands are tremendous challenges for manufacturing, 
and unless you have state-of-the-art manufacturing practices, you 
cannot compete.
  In the United States we are used to being the leaders in technologies 
of all kinds. Historically, English words have crept into foreign 
languages, because we were the inventors of new scientific concepts, 
technology, and products. Now when you describe the state-of-the-art 
manufacturing practices you use words like ``kanban'' (pronounced kahn' 
bahn) and ``pokaoke" (pronounced po kai oke'). These are Japanese words 
that are known to production workers all over the United States. Kanban 
is a word which describes an efficient method of inventory management, 
and pokaoke is a method of making part of a production process immune 
from error or mistake proof thereby increasing the quality of the end 
product. We have learned these techniques from the Japanese, in order 
to compete with them.
  In a global economy, there is no choice, a company must become state-
of-the-art or it will go under. We must recognize that our policies 
must change with the marketplace and adapt our manufacturing strategy 
to compete in this new global marketplace. The Manufacturing Extension 
Program [MEP] is a big step forward in reforming the role of government 
in manufacturing. This forward looking program was begun under 
President Reagan, and has received growing support from Congress since 
1989.
  The focus of the MEP is one that historically has been accepted as a 
proper role of government: education. The MEP strives to educate small 
and mid-sized manufacturers in the best practices that are available 
for their manufacturing processes. With the MEP we have the opportunity 
to play a constructive role in keeping our companies competitive in a 
fiercely competitive, rapidly changing field. When manufacturing 
practices change so rapidly, it is the small and mid-sized companies 
that suffer. They cannot afford to invest the necessary time and 
capital to explore all new trends to determine which practices to adopt 
and then to train their workers, invest in new equipment, and 
restructure their factories to accommodate the changes. The MEPs act as 
a library of manufacturing practices, staying current on the latest 
innovations, and educating companies on how to get the best results. At 
the heart of the MEP is a team of teachers, engineers and experts with 
strong private sector experience ready to reach small firms and their 
workers about the latest manufacturing advances.
  Another benefit of the MEP is that it brings its clients into contact 
with other manufacturers, universities, national labs and any other 
institutions 
[[Page S5332]] where they might find solutions to their problems. 
Facilitating these contacts incorporates small manufacturers into a 
manufacturing network, and this networking among manufacturers is a 
powerful competitive advantage. With close connections, suppliers begin 
working with customers at early stages of design and engineering. When 
suppliers and customers work together on product design, suppliers can 
provide the input that makes manufacturing more efficient, customers 
can communicate their specifications and timetables more effectively, 
and long term productive relationships are forged. These supplier/
customer networks are common practice in other countries, and lead to 
more efficient and therefore more competitive, design and production 
practices.
  The MEP is our important tool in keeping our small manufacturers 
competitive. We are staying competitive in markets that have become 
hotbeds of global competition, and we are beginning to capture some new 
markets. More importantly, companies that have made use of MEP are 
generating new jobs rather than laying off workers or moving jobs 
overseas. These companies are growing and contributing to real growth 
in the U.S. economy. For each Federal dollar invested in a small or 
midsized manufacturer through the MEP, there has been $8 of economic 
growth. This is a program that is paying for itself by growing our 
economy.
  Let me share with you some examples of success stories from the MEP. 
When the Boeing Co. told Manufacturing Development Inc. or, MDI, it 
needed to meet Boeing's stringent D1-9000 quality standards, or risk 
losing Boeing's business, MDI Vice President Michael Castor knew the 
company needed help. The 30-person sheet metal fabricator located in 
Cheney, KS, depended on its work with Boeing, its largest customer. The 
company called the Mid-America Manufacturing Technology Center, an 
extension center in Kansas, which provided MDI employees on-site 
training in statistical process control and helped MDI secure a State 
job training grant that paid for half of the training costs. MDI not 
only received certification by Boeing and retained its largest 
customer, but it also estimates that it will achieve a 50 percent 
reduction in scrap, reduce rework by 25 percent, and realize an annual 
savings of $132,000.
  Another example is HJE Co. Inc., a 4-person manufacturer of gas 
atomization systems in Watervliet, NY. HJE produces ultrafine metal 
powders from molten metal. These powders are used, for example, in 
solder and braze pastes and dental alloys. When Joe Strauss, founder of 
HJE, first came to the New York MEP he had lots of good ideas and some 
sketches and rough drawings. The New York MEP helped him turn those 
ideas into blueprints of manufacturable parts, and helped him find 
machine shops to make the parts. Strauss spent 6 months getting 
assistance and learning how to become a world class manufacturer. After 
learning to use them with the help of the MEP, Strauss eventually 
purchased his own computer-aided design and manufacturing equipment and 
software. Now HJE is one of only four companies of its kind in the 
world and the only one in the United States. Joe is now used as a 
materials expert for others who seek help from the New York MEP. HJE, 
by the way, is expanding and moving into new areas in manufacturing.
  These are just a couple of examples. There are many others.
  Each MEP is funded after a competitive selection process, and 
currently there are 44 Manufacturing Technology Centers in 32 States. 
One requirement for the centers is that the States supply matching 
funds, ensuring that centers are going where there is a locally 
supported need.
  The appropriated funds for fiscal year 1995 would allow the Commerce 
Department to fund over 30 more centers, to further cover manufacturing 
areas in the country. The funds are required to grow the program and 
reach the States that still need them. Not only are the appropriated 
funds needed to grow the program, but to maintain the centers that were 
once covered by DOD funds. Historically, the DOD has covered the cost 
of some manufacturing extension centers because of its vested interest 
in maintaining a strong defense manufacturing base. DOD funding of the 
MEP has been a casualty of the defense cuts as defense dollars become 
tighter.
  In conclusion, I urge my colleagues to support the Manufacturing 
Extension Program. The MEP provides the arsenal of equipment, training, 
and expertise that our small and mid-sized manufacturers need to keep 
them in the new global economic battlefield. The investment is in our 
future economic health, in high wage jobs for our workers, in the 
American dream. Investment in the education of our small and mid-sized 
manufacturers is investment in our future.
  Mr. LOTT addressed the Chair.
  The PRESIDING OFFICER. The Senator from Mississippi.
  Mr. LOTT. First, I would like to remind everybody what is the base 
bill here. This started out being a bill that was going to pay for 
disaster aid that is needed for California and perhaps in other areas.
  It also has rescissions. These are reductions in spending from this 
year's fiscal budgets throughout the Government to try to reduce the 
deficit, try to pay for the disaster aid, and to try to begin to move 
toward controlling our rate of growth. That is the basic premise that 
we are starting from here.
  When we have all these amendments--although some of them are very 
justifiable, good, small amounts of money, they just keep growing. For 
a week now, I have seen lists floating around here with add-backs here, 
add-backs there, many of which I like. When we check into it, usually 
it is an add-back on top of a very large program already.
  Second, this amendment, I understand, has four components, at least 
part of which there is support for, and an agreement could probably 
have been worked out to support it.
  I understand that Senator Gramm from Texas, chairman of the State, 
Justice and Commerce Subcommittee of the Appropriations Committee, had 
indicated he could go along with some of these. But it adds back money 
in these areas: $26.5 million in the manufacturing extension 
partnership program; adds back $1.5 million from salaries and expenses 
of the Commerce Department's Technology Administration; it adds back 
funding of $5 million in funding for NOAA coastal ocean program; and it 
adds back $14 million in the climate and global change research area.
  Some of those sound pretty good, but in each case it is an add-back 
on top of money that was already there.
  The central issue here is the funding for the manufacturing and 
extension partnership program and the fact that it has been growing so 
rapidly. Funding for this unauthorized program increased dramatically 
over the past few years. For instance, this program did not exist until 
fiscal year 1991. In that year, the funding was $11.9 million; then it 
went to $15.1 million; and then $16.9 million; then $30.3 million; in 
this fiscal year it jumped to $90.6 million. Even with the rescission 
or the cuts proposed in this bill, we still would have had a doubling 
of the program. The Senator noted that there is still $67 million, I 
believe, that would be left. It is projected this program would go up 
to $146.6 and keep going up.
  This is a new program that has grown like top seed. Maybe the plan is 
over the years to bring it down and maybe bring in private-sector 
funding. That is all well and good. The fact of the matter is it has 
been doubling and tripling in recent years. That is why on this side, 
on behalf of the chairman of the subcommittee and the chairman of the 
committee, our urging to the Members is that they vote to table this 
amendment, because if we do not do it here, there will be another one 
that will add money, and another one will add money, and we think we 
have to control the rate of growth and not start a long process that 
will add back additional spending to this bill. I yield the floor.
  I reserve the remainder of my time.
  Mr. HOLLINGS. Mr. President, right to the point. We are not adding 
back $26 million of the $24 million, and we are not adding back $14 
million, but $7 million on the climate and global change research. I 
want to correct those figures.
  I wanted also to include, Mr. President, the point made that it does 
restore not only the manufacturing extension but the NOAA coastal ocean 
program, the NOAA climate and global 
[[Page S5333]] change program and the Undersecretary for Technology 
Office, and it shows the United States-Israel Bilateral Science and 
Technology Agreement continues.
  Right to the point about growing: We transferred from the Department 
of Defense at the request of the Republican Coalition for Defense 
Reconversion. These programs did not grow. It was just really 
transferred as more applicable to the civilian side than the military 
side. That is why we have that amount in there.
  It certainly has not grown just like export promotion in agriculture, 
which I am sure my distinguished colleague from Mississippi supports, 
which is over 1 billion bucks.
  Talking about rescissions--now, just with the atmosphere or 
environment of frustration of amendments coming and going, I can say 
categorically, Mr. President, we could not offer an amendment all last 
week. I tried to. What we had was a fill-up-the-tree kind of approach 
and we had to take the amendments, and we had no votes. We sat around 
here for 3 days with no votes on amendments. My amendment has never 
been considered in subcommittee. Rolled in the Appropriations Committee 
as if we had considered it. And it only takes from other programs 
unexpended balances, rather than eliminate viable programs endorsed on 
both sides of the aisle that are not growing like topsy.
  I ask unanimous consent to have printed in the Record at this point a 
letter from the president of the Advanced Technology Coalition, with 
the encompassing endorsement.
  There being no objection, the letter was ordered to be printed in the 
Record, as follows:

                                Advanced Technology Coalition,

                                 Washington, DC, February 9, 1994.
     Hon. Ernest F. Hollings,
     U.S. Senate, Russell Senate Office Building, Washington, DC.
       Dear Senator Hollings: On behalf of the Advanced Technology 
     Coalition, we want to express our strong support for the 
     Senate version of the National Competitiveness Act, S.4.
       We believe that the bill deserves bipartisan support. We 
     ask that you vote for the bill when it reaches the floor in 
     the very near future. Its passage is essential to 
     strengthening the ability of our companies and members to 
     compete in the international marketplace; in short, S.4 means 
     jobs and will contribute to our nation's long-term economic 
     health.
       Combined, the Advanced Technology Coalition represents 5 
     million U.S. workers, 3,500 electronics firms, 329,00 
     engineers, and 13,500 companies in the manufacturing sector. 
     The Coalition is a diverse group of high-tech companies, 
     traditional manufacturing industries, labor, professional 
     societies, universities and research consortia that have a 
     common goal of ensuring America's industrial and 
     technological leadership.
       The members of the Advanced Technology Coalition have 
     invested an enormous amount of time working with both the 
     House and the Senate in developing and refining the National 
     Competitiveness Act. The Coalition believes that its views 
     have been heard by Congress and reflected in the bill.
       In short, we believe that S.4 will promote American 
     competitiveness and enhance the ability of the private sector 
     to create jobs in this country. We hope that you will play a 
     leadership role in ensuring its passage. We would be happy to 
     sit down with you or your staff to discuss the bill in 
     greater detail.
           Sincerely,
       See attached list of associations, professional 
     organizations, academic institutions and companies:
       American Electronics Association (AEA).
       National Association of Manufacturers (NAM).
       The Modernization Forum.
       Microelectronics and Computer Technology Corporation (MCC).
       Honeywell, Inc.
       National Society of Professional Engineers.
       Business Executives for National Security.
       IEEE-USA.
       Semiconductor Equipment and Materials International (SEMI).
       Institute for Interconnecting and Packaging Electronics 
     Circuits (IPC).
       Wilson and Wilson.
       American Society for Training and Development.
       Catapult Communications Corporation.
       Dover Technologies.
       Texas Instruments, Inc.
       Columbia University.
       Motorola.
       Intel Corporation.
       Cray Research.
       Electron Transfer Technologies.
       Electronic Data Systems (EDS).
       American Society for Engineering Education.
       U.S. West, Incorporated.
       Electronic Industries Association.
       Tera Computer Company.
       Southeast Manufacturing Technology Center.
       Convex Computer Corporation.
       Association for Manufacturing Technology.
       Semiconductor Research Corporation.
       American Society of Engineering Societies.
       AT&T.
       Hoya Micro Mask, Inc.

  Mr. HOLLINGS. I also ask unanimous consent we print a letter from 
President Clinton, an endorsement.
  There being no objection, the letter was ordered to be printed in the 
Record, as follows:

                                              The White House,

                                   Washington, DC, March 28, 1995.
     Hon. Ernest F. Hollings,
     U.S. Senate,
     Washington, DC.
       Dear Fritz: Thank you for your concern about the technology 
     investment programs we have built together over the past two 
     years. Your steadfast support of the Advanced Technology 
     Program (ATP), the Technology Reinvestment Project (TRP), and 
     related technology investment efforts has been indispensable 
     in educating the new Congress as to their economic and 
     national security value, and countering proposed legislative 
     actions that threaten their existence.
       These programs are a high priority to me and I will 
     continue to fight for them. I have expressed strong 
     opposition to the cuts to TRP and ATP in H.R. 889, and I am 
     working to see that an acceptable bill comes out of 
     conference. And, as you know, I have indicated that I would 
     veto H.R. 1158 in the form passed by the House; the cuts to 
     key technology programs are among the serious problems that I 
     have with the bill.
       Our technology investments in partnership with industry, 
     while a small part of our entire federal R&D portfolio, make 
     essential contributions to national security and economic 
     growth. Together with TRP and ATP, initiatives such as the 
     High Performance Computing and Communications program, the 
     Partnership for a New Generation Vehicle, the Manufacturing 
     Extension Partnership, Challenge Grants for Technology in 
     Education, Information Infrastructure grants, and the 
     Environmental Technology Initiative provide the necessary 
     seed money for exciting, rewarding education for our 
     children, productive jobs for our working people, and a 
     better quality of life for all of us in the twenty-first 
     century.
       I have asked Laura D'Andrea Tyson, chair of the National 
     Economic Council (NEC), to lead a team composed of senior 
     officials from throughout my Administration to continue to 
     build support for these vital investments in the nation's 
     future. We want to work closely with you to protect our 
     technology investments.
           Sincerely,
                                                             Bill.

  Mr. HOLLINGS. Mr. President, I rise to speak regarding a technology/
NOAA amendment for myself, and Senators Thurmond, Bingaman, Breaux, 
Glenn, Graham, Leahy, Levin, Kennedy, Kerry, Kohl, Lieberman, Kerrey, 
Murray, Pell, Rockefeller, and Sarbanes.
  There are many rescissions in the Commerce, Justice and State chapter 
of this bill which I am not pleased with. There are four particular 
rescissions in the Commerce Department section of the committee 
reported bill which my amendment would restore--the National Institute 
of Standards and Technology Manufacturing Extension Program, the Office 
of the Under Secretary of Technology, the NOAA Climate and Global 
Change Research Program, and the NOAA Coastal Ocean Program. These 
rescissions total $37.5 million and my amendment proposes $37.5 million 
in alternative rescissions in their place. My amendment is fully 
offset, dollar for dollar.


                                offsets

  The offsets in this amendment are quite simple, and they are all from 
other Commerce Department appropriations accounts. We propose 
rescinding $30 million from the unobligated balances in the NIST 
construction account. There are currently $195 million to such 
unobligated balances. Most of this amount is set to go on contract. But 
several projects have been held up due to environmental concerns and 
delays, and this rescission should have little impact on the agency 
being able to move ahead with modernization of its priority 
laboratories. This account has never been authorized, and there should 
be no reason why this rescission is not acceptable to the managers of 
the bill.
  Second, we have recommended two rescissions of prior year unobligated 
balances from NOAA. We have recommended rescinding $5 million of 
unobligated balances from NOAA's construction account. Since fiscal 
year 1992 Congress has appropriated over $9 million for above standard 
costs for a 
[[Page S5334]] new environmental research laboratory. The principle 
construction costs for this facility are the responsibility of GSA. The 
construction of this facility has been held up by a number of 
environmental and community concerns.
  Finally, we have proposed rescinding $2.5 million of prior year 
recoveries within the GOES Satellite contingency fund. This is a one-
time appropriation account that Warren Rudman and I established in 1991 
to ensure the GOES Satellite Program continued. The program got back on 
track, and the first GOES-next satellite is now in orbit--these 
unobligated funds are no longer needed.
  So each offset is based on good financial management. We have 
identified prior year appropriations that are not required or not 
needed at this time. Our proposed restorations, however, continue 
priority NOAA and technology programs that should not be cut.


                              restorations

  Our amendment provides restoration of appropriations for four 
programs:
  Technology programs: With respect to the Commerce technology and 
competitiveness programs. The committee bill rescinds $26.5 million 
from the NIST Manufacturing Extension Program--from Manufacturing 
Technology Centers--and it rescinds $1.5 million from the Office of the 
Under Secretary of Technology, Mary Good.
  No. 1, Office of the Under Secretary for Technology: I find it hard 
to believe that this Senate would want to cut Under Secretary Mary 
Good's office. She is the finest Under Secretary for Technology we have 
had. She is the kind of leader that we had in mind when the Congress 
passed the 1988 Trade Act. This cut would make her either lay off her 
staff or terminate valuable projects, like the Commerce Department's 
share of the United States/Israel Science and Technology Agreement. 
When I was chairman, we annually exceeded the Bush and Reagan budget 
requests for this office. I was requested to do so by Republican 
members of this committee, and I was happy to do so. Further, I cannot 
understand why we would want to prevent the Under Secretary of 
Technology from following through participating in a technology and 
science agreement with our allies, the Israelis.
  So, first, our amendment restores funding for her office and prevents 
any reduction to the U.S./Israeli science and technology agreement.
  No. 2, Manufacturing extension: Second, the House bill and the 
committee-reported bill currently cuts the NIST Manufacturing 
Technology Centers by $26.5 million. Our amendment would restore $24 
million of this program, and leave a rescission of $3.1 million.
  The Manufacturing Extension Program now supports 44 centers in 32 
States. Most were started with defense conversion [TRP] funds but have 
now been transferred onto NIST's budget. These centers provide hands-on 
technical support to small to medium-sized manufacturers to help them 
upgrade equipment, improve production processes and save jobs. They are 
cost-shared with States and are competitively awarded. This is a merit-
based program--neither the President nor the Secretary of Commerce, nor 
members of Commerce--can earmark these centers. Each center is tailored 
to the industrial characteristics and needs of the area in which it is 
located. So the center in Philadelphia, is different from the center in 
Albuquerque, NM, which is different again from the manufacturing 
extension center in Rolla, MO.
  Now there are two specific impacts from the rescission proposed in 
the committee reported bill. First, NIST will not be adding as many new 
centers as we intended when I fought for these funds in conference last 
year. And I should note that NIST informs me that they expect 
applications to come in from many States.
  Second, some of the 37 centers that were started with Defense 
appropriations will have to begin phasing out operations--because NIST 
will lack the funding to take over the Federal portion of their 
operational support.
  This is an effective program that has always been bipartisan. I 
remember when former Vice President Dan Quayle traveled to the Great 
Lakes Manufacturing Center in Cleveland, OH. He praised their work and 
was particularly impressed with their role in keeping an automotive 
part manufacturer in business. General Motors told the small firm to 
cut costs or they would contract with a Mexican firm. The NIST 
manufacturing center designed machinery to automate and modernize the 
firm's operations--and the company prospered and added even more jobs 
in Cleveland. In fact, there is a picture of the Vice President in the 
entrance to that Great Lakes Manufacturing Center.


                 NOAA OCEAN AND ENVIRONMENTAL PROGRAMS

  No. 3, NOAA, Coastal Ocean Program. Third, my amendment restores $5 
million to the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration's [NOAA] 
Coastal Ocean Program. The Coastal Ocean Program was established as a 
agency-wide initiative to focus the capabilities of all NOAA line 
organizations to deal with coastal and oceanic issues of national 
concern. Examples include fisheries research in the Bering Sea off 
Alaska and the Georges Bank off Massachusetts, New Hampshire and Maine; 
and estuary and ecosystem studies in Florida and the Chesapeake Bay. 
The Coastal Ocean Program is merit-based and employs competitive peer 
review. The program was recently praised by the National Research 
Council.
  The House rescission, which the committee reported bill agrees to, 
eliminates half the Coastal Ocean Program's funding! This would result 
in a loss of ongoing field and laboratory work and it would impair 
NOAA's ability to attract quality scientists and oceanographers. Many 
coastal ocean projects would have to be terminated or severely 
curtailed.
  No. 4. NOAA Climate and Global Change Program. Finally, our amendment 
would restore $7 million for the NOAA Climate and Global Change 
Research Program. Specifically, we would seek to restore cuts that the 
committee reported bill, which cuts twice as much as the House bill 
from this program, would require in the research and understanding of 
the role of the oceans in climate change.
  NOAA's Climate and Global Change Program is a competitive and peer-
reviewed program of scientific grants geared toward improving our 
understanding of long-term changes in the oceans and atmosphere.
  This is a quality program that increasingly is paying off by allowing 
NOAA to have more accurate long-term weather forecasts. We used to 
think of a wet side to NOAA and a dry side or atmospheric side of NOAA. 
The Climate and Global Change Program is breaking down these artificial 
barriers by proving that the oceans hold the key to global climate and 
weather.
  A case in point is NOAA's program to monitor and forecast El Nino 
events. El Nino is an interannual change in the air-sea conditions of 
the tropical Pacific that can cause torrential rains, droughts and 
major shifts in ocean conditions. For example, during a 1983 El Nino, 
600 people died in South America, and Peruvian economic losses due to 
severe weather and poor fishing were estimated at $2 billion. In the 
United States, the west coast and Gulf of Mexico were hit by major 
winter storms that led to beach erosion, flooding and mudslides. 
Increasingly, NOAA's climate and global change research is correlating 
severe weather events and the temperature of the equatorial Pacific. 
The Program plays a key role in efforts to develop El Nino predictions 
that could improve planning and preparation for such events, thereby 
saving hundreds of lives and preventing millions in economic losses.
  Mr. President, again this amendment is fully offset. I urge its 
adoption.
  Mr. ROCKEFELLER. Mr. President, this amendment, offered by the 
Senator from South Carolina, deserves strong support from this body. I 
am a cosponsor of the amendment for a very basic reason. Our amendment 
will restore funding for what's called the Manufacturing Extension 
Partnership [MEP] Program-- a vital network of facilities dedicated to 
a strong manufacturing base in this country. With vision and a lot of 
hard work, the Senator from South Carolina has turned a very basic idea 
into a very powerful, invaluable reality.
  It seems incredibly stupid to cut funds from a program that has the 
track record of this one. The name says it all--manufacturing 
extension. That means that because of this program, the small- and 
medium-sized businesses 
[[Page S5335]] of this country have place to contact, to call, to visit 
where they get the latest there is to know about how to make products 
and turn a profit. Cut the funds, eliminate these centers, and cut off 
the businesses of our country from what they cannot get anywhere else.
  Forty-four manufacturing extension centers now operate in 32 States. 
The centers are sharing expertise, information, and advice to smaller- 
and mid-sized companies that want to manufacture products and want to 
stay in business. This extension network has been so successful that 
other States are waiting In the wings to get centers of their own, and 
to link hundreds and even thousands of the businesses in their State to 
a central repository of people and expertise steeped in the state-of-
art in manufacturing and technology. Anyone who knows what the 
Agricultural Extension Service did in this country to help farmers 
learn about the latest techniques for irrigation, for farming, for 
keeping their costs down, understand this model now applied to 
manufacturing very well.
  These manufacturing extension centers play a role that cannot and 
will not be duplicated by any single part of the private sector. They 
play a truly public role, because their only client is the public 
interest. They share information and ideas among businesses. They learn 
what works on 1 factory floor, and help 20 more businesses avoid 
reinventing the wheel by learning from the first. They spread manuals, 
training guides, information across their States--with the latest 
findings and ideas on how to run and fix equipment, make products 
efficiently, organize and train a work force, and make profits.
  We all know how information and know-how spread in places like 
Silicon Valley and Cambridge, MA. Extension programs tie the rest of 
the country's small manufacturers
 into these and other hubs of new technology, and allow even the 
smallest firm to share in new ideas and equipment in a way that enables 
businesses across the country to prosper.

  In West Virginia, this is the program responsible for drawing 
together two facilities, the West Virginia Industrial Extension Service 
at West Virginia University and the Robert C. Byrd Institute for 
Advanced Manufacturing at Marshall University. The program is called 
the West Virginia Partnership for Industrial Modernization [WVPIM].
  Because of this effort, the hundreds of small businesses in my State 
have a place to go for help and expertise that would not be there 
otherwise. In Huntington, WV, there is the story of Wooten Machine Co. 
Because of the help that this company got from the Institute for 
Advanced Manufacturing, Wooten went from making parts manually to 
computerizing their operation. Now they are talking about hiring more 
people.
  They are not alone. Stinson Manufacturing in Alta, WV, went from a 4-
person operation to one that now employs 28 people and has annual gross 
sales of more than $1 million, again with the help of the Robert C. 
Byrd Institute.
  This is not just about tying together the resources in just one 
State. Mr. President, there is a tremendous advantage in being part of 
a national network of centers planted in different States. With the 
help of this network, West Virginia firms are staying on top of the 
innovations and techniques that are being collected from thousands of 
small- and mid-sized firms throughout the country. Larger firms will 
always be able to keep up with modernization, they have the staff and 
resources to do that. But if this unique network of manufacturing 
centers shrinks or dies off, the losers will be the small firms in our 
States.
  Nationally, there are almost 400,000 small- and mid-sized 
manufacturers that employ less than 500 people apiece--these 
manufacturers account for over half our national manufacturing output. 
Nearly 12 million people, in all 50 States, work at these small- and 
mid-sized firms.
  Mr. President, in the global marketplace, firms of any size must 
master modern technologies, management techniques, and methods of work 
organization. The exciting part of progress is that you don't have to 
run a business in Chicago or Detroit or New Orleans to be the best 
maker of an auto-part, a computer chip, a machine tool. You can be in 
remote parts of Montana or West Virginia or South Carolina. But you do 
have to be linked to the information that is necessary to keep up with 
the advances breaking out every day.
  Our Nation's overall economy requires thousands of small- and mid-
sized firms keeping up at breakneck pace with what works in design, 
production, marketing, training, and all kinds of other practices.
  Mr. President, the American people know what it will mean to our 
Nation's long-term economic survival if we do not keep making products 
and being the best at manufacturing. We have to build things to survive 
in this increasingly competitive global marketplace. The Manufacturing 
Extension Partnership is the best, most efficient way to advance this 
cause.
  I also ask unanimous consent that a Dear Colleague distributed by 
myself and several colleagues on the importance of this effort be 
reprinted immediately after this statement.
  There being no objection, the letter was ordered to be printed in the 
Record, as follows:

                                                  U.S. Senate,

                                   Washington, DC, March 23, 1995.
       Dear Colleague: Tomorrow, Friday, March 24, 1995, the 
     Senate Appropriations Committee will mark-up the many 
     rescissions passed by the House of Representatives as part of 
     the Disaster Relief Supplemental Appropriation.
       One item included in the House package is a $26.5 million 
     rescission from the Manufacturing Extension Partnership--that 
     amounts to 30 percent of this current year's appropriated 
     funds.
       We believe Congress should continue its history of 
     bipartisan support for this unique network of assistance 
     dedicated to equipping small-and-medium-sized businesses and 
     their employees to maximize their potential in manufacturing 
     and for growth.
       The MEP centers exist in most states, and play an essential 
     role in diffusing and sharing the state-of-the-art ideas, 
     lessons, and methods that businesses in all of our states--
     especially when they're not in metropolitan centers--would 
     not otherwise obtain.
       To help you think about the vital role of the Manufacturing 
     Extension Partnership, we offer you the following:


10 key facts about the manufacturing extension partnership--and what's 
        at stake for the businesses and economies of your state

       1. The Manufacturing Extension Partnership (MEP) is based 
     on the basic, proven idea that a strong manufacturing base is 
     essential to this nation's economic strength and future. 
     Manufacturing employs almost 19 million Americans, 
     representing more than 20 percent of the private sector 
     workforce and accounting for almost a fifth of the U.S. GNP 
     over the last 40 years.
       2. Small manufacturing firms, with less than 500 
     employees--the primary customers of the MEP--contribute more 
     than half of total U.S. value-added in manufacturing and 
     employ almost two-thirds of all manufacturing employees, 
     approximately 12 million Americans.
       3. America's small manufacturers know their challenge lies 
     in being able to learn about and adopt modern manufacturing 
     equipment and ``best practices,'' and overcoming various 
     barriers to change, including
      geographic location or even isolation, awareness, 
     information, finance, and regulations. These are the 
     smaller companies across the country being assisted by 
     manufacturing engineers at MEP extension centers run by 
     local, state, and non-profits.
       Median size of MEP's client companies is 50 employees; 
     median sales of a MEP's client companies is $5.4 million; 
     median age of MEP's client companies is 26 years.
       4. The Manufacturing Extension Partnership is industry-
     driven, and market-defined. It builds on and magnifies 
     existing state and local industrial extension initiatives and 
     resources. Centers are managed and staffed by experts with 
     private sector manufacturing experience.
       5. The MEP Centers are awarded funds using a rigorous, 
     merit-based competitive process.
       6. MEP and its Centers focus services on activities where 
     economies of scale do not exist in the marketplace, and on 
     only those firms which demonstrate a commitment to their own 
     growth and development.
       7. The small amount of federal dollars available for MEP 
     leverages substantial resources in state and local 
     governments, as well as the private sector.
       8. MEP is committed to performance measurements which focus 
     on the bottom-line economic impact for client companies. This 
     program has shown a rate of return of 7-to-1 for the federal 
     government's investment, with concrete benefit in increased 
     sales, cost savings, and jobs for small manufacturers.
       9. Companies using MEP centers are becoming more 
     competitive and are improving their long-term prospects for 
     growth. Their goal is to retain existing jobs, create new 
     high-skilled jobs, and contribute broader economic benefits.
        [[Page S5336]] 10. Manufacturing Extension Centers are in 
     32 states, and one of them could be yours. But even if your 
     state is
      still without a center, eliminating funds from the 
     Manufacturing Extension Program will mean giving up on the 
     goal of a modern, national network to provide 
     irreplaceable technical assistance to our businesses and 
     workforce.
       In conclusion, our point is: ``fiscal year rescissions 
     undermines manufacturing strength''
       The proposed $26.5 million rescission for the Manufacturing 
     extension Partnership would weaken the emerging, nationwide 
     network of extension centers--co-funded by state and local 
     governments--that provide small and medium-sized 
     manufacturers with technical assistance as they upgrade their 
     operations to boost competitiveness and retain or create new 
     jobs. The rescission would reduce funding available for 
     establishing new centers around the country. Approximately 10 
     new centers could be funded in FY 1995, rather than the 
     planned 36 centers. Reducing the number of new centers would 
     slow the delivery of MEP services to large regions of the 
     United States--and many thousands of small companies.
       We urge your support for his important endeavor. For 
     further information, please contact Laura Philips at 4-9184 
     in Senator Lieberman's office or Ken Levinson at 4-7515 in 
     Senator Rockefeller's office.
           Sincerely,
     Joe Lieberman.
     John Glenn.
     Jay Rockefeller.
     Jeff Bingaman.
  Mr. KERRY. Mr. President, I speak today in support of the Hollings 
amendment to the Emergency Supplemental Appropriations Act. The 
amendment would restore programs that are important to the people of 
Massachusetts and the entire country. I would also like to note that 
offsets for each of these programs is provided so the total amount of 
the rescission package is not affected.
  NIST's Manufacturing Extension Program [MEP] is vitally important to 
small businesses in my State. MEP supports our Bay State Skills and 
University of Massachusetts technical assistance programs for small- 
and mid-sized Massachusetts companies. The House bill rescinds $26.5 
million from this program and the Senate bill retains this rescission. 
The Hollings amendment would restore the entire amount rescinded from 
the MEP Program.
  The second program addressed in the amendment is the NOAA Coastal 
Ocean Program [COP], a nationwide science program that is conducting 
very important interdisciplinary research on oceanographic problems. As 
part of the COP, a major field study is presently being conducted of 
Georges Bank as part of the U.S. Global Ocean Ecosystems Research 
Program [U.S. GLOBEC]. The main objective of the study is to understand 
the physical and biological processes that control the abundance of 
populations of commercially important marine animals. The House and 
Senate Bills rescind $5 million of COP's $11 million in fiscal year 
1995 funding--40 percent of the budget. The rescission is harmful not 
only to U.S. marine science but also to resource management decision-
making which depends on the results of this science. The Hollings 
amendment would restore the $5 million rescission in the NOAA 
operations, research and facilities account for the Coastal Ocean 
Program, resulting in retention of $11 million in funding for this 
year. As an offset, the amendment would increase the rescission in NOAA 
construction account from $8 million to $13 million. This would 
decrease the construction account from $97 million to $84 million. NOAA 
supports this change.
  The final program that the amendment addresses is the NOAA Global 
Climate Change Program. This program seeks to develop a clearer picture 
of the relative roles of various greenhouse gases in causing global 
warming. The Senate bill rescinds $14 million of the $78 million in 
fiscal year 1995 funding. The amendment would restore $7 million of the 
rescission for this critical program. The offset would come from the 
NIST construction fund and the GOES construction fund.
  I compliment the distinguished Senator from South Carolina for his 
leadership in these oceans and technology issues--which he has 
championed for years. It is my pleasure to serve with him on the 
Commerce Committee, where he was recently chairman and is now the 
ranking Democrat.
  I join with him to prevent short-sighted cuts in these beneficial 
programs that exemplify the kind of nationally important work 
government can do so well and I urge my colleagues to support this 
amendment.
  Mr. HOLLINGS. Mr. President, how much time do I have remaining?
  The PRESIDING OFFICER. The Senator has 6 minutes and 40 seconds.
  Mr. HOLLINGS. Mr. President, I retain the remainder of my time and 
yield time to the Senator from Connecticut.
  Mr. LIEBERMAN. Mr. President, very briefly I just wanted to respond 
to my friend from Mississippi and say we are at a time when, obviously, 
we have to make some tough choices, a lot of tough choices. There are a 
lot of rescissions in this bill to cut spending and I am going to 
support most of them. But it seems to me this is one that does not make 
sense because of the numbers I cited, which is $8 in economic growth 
for every $1 we spend in this program.
  I have to tell my colleague, I know we all hear different messages 
from our people back home. When I am in Connecticut there is one 
question that I think is most on people's minds, resonating throughout 
the State, and I think, throughout the country. The question is: ``Can 
you do something in Washington to protect my job, to keep my job 
secure?'' se If people have lost a job, as too many people in my State 
have, because of manufacturing downsizing, the question becomes: ``What 
can you do to help me get a new job?''
  I know some of the old industries in our State which have downsized, 
some have even closed, are not going to expand in the near future. The 
only answer here is to grow the economy. There are tax policies I will 
look forward to supporting that will encourage capital formation and 
help make that possible.
  But it seems to me one of the best things we can do is to create 
manufacturing extension centers that will reach out to the small- and 
mid-size companies to help them grow and help them create jobs. This is 
a program where I feel we make a mistake by cutting a single dollar 
because this is a program that gives a lot of people out there--people 
who are worried about their futures--some hope that there is a new and 
a good job, a high-paying job, around the corner.
  The PRESIDING OFFICER. The Senator from South Carolina.
  Mr. HOLLINGS. Mr. President, the Senator from Mississippi should 
understand, this does not add back. It does not add back one red cent. 
It is offset within the same budget for unexpended construction funds 
that are sitting there.
  I am here going along with the original premise and the continuing 
premise of rescissions. That is the basic premise. This amendment is in 
conformance. It does not add back. It readjusts allocations under the 
same budget from construction--whether you are going to build office 
buildings or you are going to start building jobs.
  How much time do I have remaining, Mr. President?
  The PRESIDING OFFICER. The Senator has 3 minutes and 40 seconds.
  Mr. HOLLINGS. I retain the remainder of my time.
  The PRESIDING OFFICER. Who yields time?
  Mr. LOTT. Mr. President, I think we have made our points. We will be 
prepared to yield our time and go to a vote if the Senator would like 
to. I think we only have a total of about 5 minutes or so left. How 
much do we have?
  The PRESIDING OFFICER. The Senator from Mississippi has 6 minutes 
remaining. The Senator from South Carolina has 3\1/2\ minutes.
  Mr. HOLLINGS. Mr. President, I will go along with the suggestion of 
the distinguished Senator from Mississippi. What happened, two or three 
Senators wanted to be heard, but we only have 3 minutes if they got 
here.
  Is it the point to yield the remainder of our time, make the motion, 
get the yeas and nays? Is that it?
  Mr. LOTT. Yes, sir.
  Mr. HOLLINGS. Very good.
  Mr. LOTT. Mr. President, I yield the remainder of my time.
  Mr. HOLLINGS. I yield the remainder of my time.
  The PRESIDING OFFICER. All time has been yielded back on the 
amendment.
  Mr. LOTT. Mr. President, I move to table the Hollings amendment and 
ask for the yeas and nays.
   [[Page S5337]] The PRESIDING OFFICER. Is there a sufficient second?
  There is a sufficient second.
  The yeas and nays were ordered.


     Vote On Motion To Table Amendment No. 574 To Amendment No. 420

  The PRESIDING OFFICER. The question is now on the motion to table the 
amendment of the Senator from South Carolina. The yeas and nays have 
been ordered.
  The clerk will call the roll.
  The assistant legislative clerk called the roll.
  The PRESIDING OFFICER (Mr. Bennett). Are there any other Senators in 
the Chamber who desire to vote?
  The result was announced--yeas 43, nays 57, as follows:

                      [Rollcall Vote No. 129 Leg.]

                                YEAS--43

     Abraham
     Ashcroft
     Bennett
     Bond
     Brown
     Campbell
     Chafee
     Coats
     Cochran
     Coverdell
     Craig
     Dole
     Domenici
     Faircloth
     Frist
     Gorton
     Gramm
     Grams
     Grassley
     Gregg
     Hatch
     Hatfield
     Helms
     Hutchison
     Inhofe
     Kempthorne
     Kyl
     Lott
     Lugar
     Mack
     McCain
     McConnell
     Murkowski
     Nickles
     Pressler
     Roth
     Santorum
     Shelby
     Simpson
     Smith
     Thomas
     Thompson
     Warner

                                NAYS--57

     Akaka
     Baucus
     Biden
     Bingaman
     Boxer
     Bradley
     Breaux
     Bryan
     Bumpers
     Burns
     Byrd
     Cohen
     Conrad
     D'Amato
     Daschle
     DeWine
     Dodd
     Dorgan
     Exon
     Feingold
     Feinstein
     Ford
     Glenn
     Graham
     Harkin
     Heflin
     Hollings
     Inouye
     Jeffords
     Johnston
     Kassebaum
     Kennedy
     Kerrey
     Kerry
     Kohl
     Lautenberg
     Leahy
     Levin
     Lieberman
     Mikulski
     Moseley-Braun
     Moynihan
     Murray
     Nunn
     Packwood
     Pell
     Pryor
     Reid
     Robb
     Rockefeller
     Sarbanes
     Simon
     Snowe
     Specter
     Stevens
     Thurmond
     Wellstone
  So the motion to lay on the table amendment No. 574 to amendment No. 
420 was rejected.
  Mr. HOLLINGS. Mr. President, I move to reconsider the vote.
  Mr. FORD. I move to lay that motion on the table.
  The motion to lay on the table was agreed to.
  The PRESIDING OFFICER. Is there further debate on the amendment?
  Mr. HOLLINGS. I urge adoption of the amendment.
  The PRESIDING OFFICER. The question is on the adoption of the 
amendment. Is there further debate?
  The amendment (No. 574) was agreed to.
  Mr. HOLLINGS. Mr. President, I move to reconsider the vote.
  Mr. FORD. I move to lay that motion on the table.
  The motion to lay on the table was agreed to.
  Mr. WELLSTONE addressed the Chair.
  The PRESIDING OFFICER. The Senator from Minnesota.
  Mr. WELLSTONE. Mr. President, I send an amendment to the desk.
  Mr. FORD. Mr. President, may we have order.
  The PRESIDING OFFICER. Will the Senator from Minnesota suspend?
  The Senate is not in order. The Senate will be in order.
  Mr. FORD. Mr. President, I do not believe they can even hear you.
  The PRESIDING OFFICER. Will the Senate please be in order?
  The Chair advises the Senator from Minnesota that under the previous 
order, at this time, the Senators from Pennsylvania were to be 
recognized for 10 minutes.
  Mr. DOLE addressed the Chair.
  The PRESIDING OFFICER. The majority leader.
  Mr. DOLE. Mr. President, if the Senator from Minnesota would just 
give us about 5 minutes, then we will come back to the Senator from 
Minnesota.
  Mr. WELLSTONE. I thank the majority leader.
  The PRESIDING OFFICER. Under the previous order, the Senator from 
Pennsylvania is recognized.
  The Senate will be in order.
  Mr. SANTORUM addressed the Chair.
  The PRESIDING OFFICER. The Senator from Pennsylvania.

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