October 6, 2005 - Issue: Vol. 151, No. 129 — Daily Edition109th Congress (2005 - 2006) - 1st Session
SUBMITTED RESOLUTIONS; Congressional Record Vol. 151, No. 129
(Senate - October 06, 2005)
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[Pages S11237-S11239] From the Congressional Record Online through the Government Publishing Office [www.gpo.gov] SUBMITTED RESOLUTIONS ______ SENATE RESOLUTION 268--EXPRESSING THE SENSE OF THE SENATE THAT A COMMEMORATIVE POSTAGE STAMP SHOULD BE ISSUED TO HONOR SCULPTOR KORCZAK ZIOLKOWSKI Mr. JOHNSON (for himelf, Mr. Thune, and Mr. Levin) submitted the following resolution; which was referred to the Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs: S. Res. 268 Whereas Korczak Ziolkowski was born in Boston, Massachusetts on September 6, 1908, the 31st anniversary of the death of Lakota leader Crazy Horse; Whereas, although never trained in art or sculpture, Korczak Ziolkowski began a successful studio career in New England as a commissioned sculptor at age 24; Whereas Korczak Ziolkowski's marble sculpture of composer and Polish leader Ignace Jan Paderewski won first prize at the 1939 New York World's Fair and prompted Lakota Indian Chiefs to invite Ziolkowski to carve a memorial for Native Americans; Whereas in his invitation letter to Korczak Ziolkowski, Chief Henry Standing Bear wrote: ``My fellow chiefs and I would like the white man to know that the red man has great heroes, also.''; Whereas in 1939, Korczak Ziolkowski assisted Gutzon Borglum for a brief time in carving Mount Rushmore; [[Page S11238]] Whereas in 1941, Korczak Ziolkowski met with Chief Henry Standing Bear who taught Korczak more about the life of the brave Lakota leader Crazy Horse; Whereas at the age of 34, Korczak Ziolkowski temporarily put his sculpturing career aside when he volunteered for service in World War II, later landing on Omaha Beach; Whereas after the war, Korczak Ziolkowski turned down other sculpting opportunities in order to accept the invitation of Chief Henry Standing Bear and dedicate the rest of his life to carving the Crazy Horse Memorial in the Black Hills of South Dakota; Whereas on June 3, 1948, when work was begun on the Crazy Horse Memorial, Korczak Ziolkowski vowed that the memorial would be a nonprofit educational and cultural project, financed solely through private, nongovernmental sources, to honor the Native Americans of North America; Whereas the Crazy Horse Memorial is a mountain carving-in- progress, and once completed it will be the largest sculpture in the world; Whereas since his death on October 20, 1982, Korczak's wife Ruth, the Ziolkowski family, and the Crazy Horse Memorial Foundation have continued to work on the Memorial and to continue the dream of Korczak Ziolkowski and Chief Henry Standing Bear; and Whereas on June 3, 1998, the Memorial entered its second half century of progress and heralded a new era of work on the mountain with the completion and dedication of the face of Crazy Horse: Now, therefore, be it Resolved, That-- (1) the Senate recognizes-- (A) the admirable efforts of the late Korczak Ziolkowski in designing and creating the Crazy Horse Memorial; (B) that the Crazy Horse Memorial represents all North American Indian tribes, and the noble goal of reconciliation between peoples; and (C) that the creation of the Crazy Horse Memorial, from its inception, has been accomplished through private sources and without any Federal funding; and (2) it is the sense of the Senate that the Citizens' Stamp Advisory Committee should recommend to the Postmaster General that a commemorative postage stamp be issued in honor of sculptor Korczak Ziolkowski and the Crazy Horse Memorial, commemorating his 100th birthday. ______ SENATE RESOLUTION 269--EXPRESSING THE SENSE OF THE SENATE THAT A ``WELCOME HOME VIETNAM VETERANS DAY'' SHOULD BE ESTABLISHED Mrs. BOXER submitted the following resolution; which was referred to the Committee on Veterans' Affairs: S. Res. 269 Whereas the Vietnam War took place in Vietnam from 1961 to 1975 in which North Vietnam and the Viet Cong were in conflict with the United States and South Vietnam; Whereas the United States became involved in Vietnam because policy makers in the United States believed that if South Vietnam fell to a communist government then communism would spread throughout the rest of Southeast Asia; Whereas members of the United States Armed Forces began serving in an advisory role to the people of South Vietnam in 1961; Whereas, as a result of the Gulf of Tonkin incidents on August 2, 1964 and August 4, 1964, Congress overwhelmingly passed the Joint Resolution entitled ``Joint Resolution to promote the maintenance of international peace and security in southeast Asia'', approved August 10, 1964 (Public Law 88- 408; 78 Stat. 384), which effectively granted war-making powers to President Johnson until such time as ``peace and security'' had returned to Vietnam; Whereas, in 1965, ground combat units of the United States Armed Forces arrived in Vietnam; Whereas, by the end of 1965, there were 80,000 troops of the United States Armed Forces in Vietnam, and by 1969 the number of troops reached a peak of approximately 543,000; Whereas, on January 27, 1973, the Paris Peace Accords were signed, which required the release of all United States prisoners-of-war held in North Vietnam and the withdrawal of all members of the United States Armed Forces from South Vietnam; Whereas, on March 30, 1973, the United States Armed Forces completed the withdrawal of combat troops from Vietnam; Whereas more than 58,000 members of the United States Armed Forces lost their lives in Vietnam and more than 300,000 members of the United States Armed Forces were wounded; Whereas, in 1982, the Vietnam Veterans Memorial was dedicated in the District of Columbia to commemorate those members of the United States Armed Forces who died or were declared missing-in-action in Vietnam; Whereas, as of 2005, more than 1,800 members of the United States Armed Forces remain unaccounted for in Vietnam and Southeast Asia and the Department of Defense continues efforts to recover these members; Whereas the Vietnam War was an extremely divisive issue among the people of the United States; Whereas members of the United States Armed Forces who served bravely and faithfully for the United States during the Vietnam War were caught, upon their return home, in the middle of public debate about the involvement of the United States in the Vietnam War; Whereas the Department of Veterans Affairs estimates that 250,000 veterans are homeless every night and that 47 percent of all homeless veterans served during the Vietnam era; Whereas veterans of the Vietnam War continue to be at risk for post-traumatic stress disorder and health problems related to Agent Orange exposure; Whereas veterans of the Vietnam War, and all veterans, are entitled to the best care and treatment the Government of the United States can provide; Whereas the establishment of a ``Welcome Home Vietnam Veterans Day'' would be an appropriate way to honor those members of the United States Armed Forces who served in Vietnam during the Vietnam War; and Whereas March 30, 2006 would be an appropriate day to establish as ``Welcome Home Vietnam Veterans Day'': Now, therefore, be it Resolved, That it is the sense of the Senate that a ``Welcome Home Vietnam Veterans Day'' should be established to honor those members of the United States Armed Forces who served in Vietnam. Mrs. BOXER. Mr. President, I am pleased to submit a resolution today expressing the sense of the Senate that a ``Welcome Home Vietnam Veterans Day'' should be established. I join Representative Linda Sanchez in this effort and applaud her for previously submitting this resolution in the House of Representatives. Establishing this day would be an appropriate way to honor members of the United States Armed Forces who bravely and faithfully served during the Vietnam War. During the course of the Vietnam War, over 58,000 U.S. troops lost their lives. In addition, more than 300,000 were wounded. To date, more than 1,800 members of the United States Armed Forces remain unaccounted for in Vietnam and Southeast Asia. Those who did return home from Vietnam did not have the traditional welcome home ceremonies. And they continue to face many problems, including health problems related to Agent Orange exposure, prolonged risk for post-traumatic stress disorder, and homelessness. Of the 250,000 veterans who are homeless every night, the Department of Veterans Affairs estimates that 47 percent of them served during the Vietnam era. Veterans of the Vietnam War, and all veterans, are entitled to the best care and treatment the U.S. Government can provide. It is important that we honor and respect their service. It is especially important to do so now, at a time when we have so many new veterans returning home from the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan. By honoring those who have served before, we show these new veterans how committed we, as a country, are to them and how much we value the sacrifices they make on our behalf. Establishing a ``Welcome Home Vietnam Veterans Day'' is one way we can accomplish this. I urge my colleagues to support this resolution. ______ SENATE RESOLUTION 270--EXPRESSING THE SENSE OF THE SENATE THAT THE INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND SHOULD INVESTIGATE WHETHER CHINA IS MANIPULATING THE RATE OF EXCHANGE BETWEEN THE CHINESE YUAN AND THE UNITED STATES DOLLAR Mr. BAYH (for himself, Ms. Stabenow, and Mr. Schumer) submitted the following resolution; which was referred to the Committee on Foreign Relations: S. Res. 270 Whereas the global current account deficit of the United States has already reached almost $800,000,000,000 and is growing rapidly; Whereas the global current account surplus of the People's Republic of China is likely to reach $150,000,000,000 and is also growing very rapidly; Whereas China has intervened massively in the exchange markets to artificially block appreciation of China's currency; Whereas China has been increasing its competitiveness by riding the dollar down against other currencies, therefore achieving a trade-weighted depreciation of about 10 percent over the past 3 years; Whereas it is the responsibility of the International Monetary Fund to take the lead in promoting correction of such huge, costly, and potentially destabilizing imbalances in the world economy; Whereas the International Monetary Fund's Articles of Agreement enjoin member countries to ``avoid manipulating exchange rates or the international monetary system [[Page S11239]] in order to prevent effective balance-of-payments adjustments or to gain unfair competitive advantage over other member countries''; Whereas the International Monetary Fund has identified ``protracted, large-scale interventions in one direction in the exchange markets'' as indicating a need for International Monetary Fund discussion with the offending country; and Whereas the People's Republic of China has engaged in such manipulation and intervention: Now, therefore, be it Resolved, That it is the sense of the Senate that the President should instruct the United States Executive Director to the International Monetary Fund to bring a general complaint under the International Monetary Fund's Articles of Agreement against the People's Republic of China for not complying with Article IV of the Articles of Agreement and manipulating the rate of exchange of its currency against other currencies to gain an unfair trade advantage and to prevent effective balance of payment adjustments. ______ SENATE CONCURRENT RESOLUTION 57--RECOGNIZING THE CONTRIBUTIONS OF AFRICAN-AMERICAN BASKETBALL TEAMS AND PLAYERS FOR THEIR ACHIEVEMENTS, DEDICATION, AND CONTRIBUTIONS TO THE SPORT OF BASKETBALL AND THE NATION Ms. STABENOW (for herself and Mr. Levin) submitted the following concurrent resolution; which was referred to the Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation: S. Con. Res. 57 Whereas, even though African-Americans were excluded from playing in organized White-only leagues, the desire of African-Americans to play basketball could not be repressed; Whereas, unlike baseball, which had Negro leagues, basketball had no organized Black leagues, thus forcing Blacks to take to the road out of necessity; Whereas among the most well-known black barnstorming teams that found their beginnings in the 1920s were the New York Renaissance (or Rens), the Harlem Globetrotters, the New York Enforcers, the Harlem Clowns, the Harlem Road Kings, the Harlem Stars, the Harlem Ambassadors, and the Philadelphia Tribunes; Whereas, despite the racism they faced, Negro basketball teams overcame great obstacles to play the game before Black players were allowed to play in the National Basketball Association in the early 1950s; Whereas the New York Rens became one of the first great basketball dynasties in the history of the game, compiling a 2,588-539 record in its 27-year existence, winning 88 straight games in the 1932-33 season, and winning the 1939 World Professional Championship; Whereas the Harlem Globetrotters proved that they were capable of beating professional teams like the World Champion Minneapolis Lakers led by basketball great George Mikan in 1948; Whereas the barnstorming African-American basketball teams included exceptionally talented players and shaped modern-day basketball by introducing a new style of play predicated on speed, short crisp passing techniques, and vigorous defensive play; Whereas among the pioneers who played on Black barnstorming teams included players such as Tarzan Cooper, Pop Gates, John Isaacs, Willie Smith, Sweetwater Clifton, Ermer Robinson, Bob Douglas, Pappy Ricks, Runt Pullins, Goose Tatum, Marques Haynes, Bobby Hall, Babe Pressley, Bernie Price, Ted Strong, Inman Jackson, Duke Cumberland, Fat Jenkins, Eddie Younger, Lou Badger, Zachary Clayton, Jim Usry, Sonny Boswell, and Puggy Bell; Whereas the struggles of these players and others paved the way for current African-American professional players, who are playing in the National Basketball Association today; Whereas the style of Black basketball was more conducive to a wide open, fast-paced, spectator sport; Whereas, by achieving success on the basketball court, African-American basketball players helped break down the color barrier and integrate African-Americans into all aspects of society in the United States; Whereas, during the era of sexism and gender barriers, barnstorming African-American basketball was not limited to men's teams, but included women's teams as well, such as the Chicago Romas and the Philadelphia Tribunes; Whereas only in recent years has the history of African- Americans in team sports begun receiving the recognition it deserves; Whereas basketball is a uniquely modern and uniquely American sport; Whereas the Black Legends of Professional Basketball Foundation, established by former Harlem Globetrotter Dr. John Kline of Detroit, Michigan, honors and highlights the significant contributions of these pioneers and their impact on professional basketball today; and Whereas the hard work and efforts of the foundation have been instrumental in bringing African-American inductees into the Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall of Fame in Springfield, Massachusetts: Now therefore, be it Resolved by the Senate (the House of Representatives concurring), That (1) Congress recognizes the teams and players of the barnstorming African-American basketball teams for their achievement, dedication, sacrifices, and contribution to basketball and to the Nation prior to the integration of the White professional leagues; (2) current National Basketball Association players should pay a debt of gratitude to these great pioneers of the game of basketball and recognize them at every possible opportunity; and (3) a copy of this resolution be transmitted to the Black Legends of Professional Basketball Foundation, which has recognized and commemorated the achievements of African- American basketball teams, the National Basketball Association, and the Naismith Basketball Hall of Fame. ____________________