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IRAN THREAT REDUCTION ACT OF 2011
(Senate - May 24, 2012)

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[Pages S3641-S3651]
                   IRAN THREAT REDUCTION ACT OF 2011

       On Monday, May 21, 2012, the Senate passed H.R. 1905, as 
     amended as follows:

                               H.R. 1905

       Resolved, That the bill from the House of Representatives 
     (H.R. 1905) entitled ``An Act to strengthen Iran sanctions 
     laws for the purpose of compelling Iran to abandon its 
     pursuit of nuclear weapons and other threatening activities, 
     and for other purposes.'', do pass with the following 
     amendment:
       Strike all after the enacting clause and insert the 
     following:

     SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE; TABLE OF CONTENTS.

       (a) Short Title.--This Act may be cited as the ``Iran 
     Sanctions, Accountability, and Human Rights Act of 2012''.
       (b) Table of Contents.--The table of contents for this Act 
     is as follows:

Sec. 1. Short title; table of contents.

[[Page S3642]]

Sec. 2. Findings.
Sec. 3. Definitions.

  TITLE I--EXPANSION OF MULTILATERAL SANCTIONS REGIME WITH RESPECT TO 
                                  IRAN

Sec. 101. Policy of the United States with respect to development of 
              nuclear weapons capabilities by Iran.
Sec. 102. Sense of Congress on enforcement of multilateral sanctions 
              regime and expansion and implementation of sanctions 
              laws.
Sec. 103. Diplomatic efforts to expand multilateral sanctions regime.
Sec. 104. Sense of Congress regarding the imposition of sanctions with 
              respect to Iran.

TITLE II--EXPANSION OF SANCTIONS RELATING TO THE ENERGY SECTOR OF IRAN 
        AND PROLIFERATION OF WEAPONS OF MASS DESTRUCTION BY IRAN

          Subtitle A--Expansion of Iran Sanctions Act of 1996

Sec. 201. Imposition of sanctions with respect to joint ventures with 
              the Government of Iran relating to developing petroleum 
              resources.
Sec. 202. Imposition of sanctions with respect to the provision of 
              goods, services, technology, or support for the energy or 
              petrochemical sectors of Iran.
Sec. 203. Imposition of sanctions with respect to joint ventures with 
              the Government of Iran relating to mining, production, or 
              transportation of uranium.
Sec. 204. Expansion of sanctions available under the Iran Sanctions Act 
              of 1996.
Sec. 205. Expansion of definitions under the Iran Sanctions Act of 
              1996.

   Subtitle B--Additional Measures Relating to Sanctions Against Iran

Sec. 211. Imposition of sanctions with respect to the provision of 
              vessels or shipping services to transport certain goods 
              related to proliferation or terrorism activities to Iran.
Sec. 212. Imposition of sanctions with respect to subsidiaries and 
              agents of persons sanctioned by United Nations Security 
              Council resolutions.
Sec. 213. Liability of parent companies for violations of sanctions by 
              foreign subsidiaries.
Sec. 214. Disclosures to the Securities and Exchange Commission 
              relating to sanctionable activities.
Sec. 215. Identification of, and immigration restrictions on, senior 
              officials of the Government of Iran and their family 
              members.
Sec. 216. Reports on, and authorization of imposition of sanctions with 
              respect to, the provision of specialized financial 
              messaging services to the Central Bank of Iran and other 
              sanctioned Iranian financial institutions.
Sec. 217. Government Accountability Office report on foreign entities 
              that invest in the energy sector of Iran or export 
              refined petroleum products to Iran.
Sec. 218. Reporting on the importation to and exportation from Iran of 
              crude oil and refined petroleum products.

 TITLE III--SANCTIONS WITH RESPECT TO IRAN'S REVOLUTIONARY GUARD CORPS

     Subtitle A--Identification of, and Sanctions With Respect to, 
 Officials, Agents, Affiliates, and Supporters of Iran's Revolutionary 
                Guard Corps and Other Sanctioned Persons

Sec. 301. Identification of, and imposition of sanctions with respect 
              to, officials, agents, and affiliates of Iran's 
              Revolutionary Guard Corps.
Sec. 302. Identification of, and imposition of sanctions with respect 
              to, persons that support or conduct certain transactions 
              with Iran's Revolutionary Guard Corps or other sanctioned 
              persons.
Sec. 303. Rule of construction.

Subtitle B--Additional Measures Relating to Iran's Revolutionary Guard 
                                 Corps

Sec. 311. Expansion of procurement prohibition to foreign persons that 
              engage in certain transactions with Iran's Revolutionary 
              Guard Corps.
Sec. 312. Determinations of whether the National Iranian Oil Company 
              and the National Iranian Tanker Company are agents or 
              affiliates of Iran's Revolutionary Guard Corps.

       TITLE IV--MEASURES RELATING TO HUMAN RIGHTS ABUSES IN IRAN

 Subtitle A--Expansion of Sanctions Relating to Human Rights Abuses in 
                                  Iran

Sec. 401. Findings.
Sec. 402. Sense of Congress.
Sec. 403. Imposition of sanctions with respect to the transfer of goods 
              or technologies to Iran that are likely to be used to 
              commit human rights abuses.
Sec. 404. Imposition of Sanctions with respect to persons who engage in 
              censorship or other related activities against citizens 
              of Iran.

    Subtitle B--Additional Measures to Promote Human Rights in Iran

Sec. 411. Expedited consideration of requests for authorization of 
              certain human rights-, humanitarian-, and democracy-
              related activities with respect to Iran.
Sec. 412. Comprehensive strategy to promote Internet freedom and access 
              to information in Iran.
Sec. 413. Sense of Congress on political prisoners.

                         TITLE V--MISCELLANEOUS

Sec. 501. Exclusion of citizens of Iran seeking education relating to 
              the nuclear and energy sectors of Iran.
Sec. 502. Technical correction.
Sec. 503. Interests in certain financial assets of Iran.
Sec. 504. Report on membership of Iran in international organizations.
Sec. 505. Increased capacity for efforts to combat unlawful or 
              terrorist financing.

                      TITLE VI--GENERAL PROVISIONS

Sec. 601. Technical implementation; penalties.
Sec. 602. Applicability to certain intelligence activities.
Sec. 603. Rule of Construction with respect to use of force against 
              Iran and Syria.
Sec. 604. Termination.

   TITLE VII--SANCTIONS WITH RESPECT TO HUMAN RIGHTS ABUSES IN SYRIA

Sec. 701. Short title.
Sec. 702. Imposition of sanctions with respect to certain persons who 
              are responsible for or complicit in human rights abuses 
              committed against citizens of Syria or their family 
              members.
Sec. 703. Imposition of sanctions with respect to the transfer of goods 
              or technologies to Syria that are likely to be used to 
              commit human rights abuses.
Sec. 704. Imposition of sanctions with respect to persons who engage in 
              censorship or other forms of repression in Syria.
Sec. 705. Waiver.
Sec. 706. Termination.

     SEC. 2. FINDINGS.

       Congress makes the following findings:
       (1) Successive Presidents of the United States have 
     determined that the pursuit of nuclear weapons capabilities 
     by the Government of Iran presents a danger to the United 
     States, its friends and allies, and to global security.
       (2) Successive Congresses have recognized the threat that 
     the Government of Iran and its policies present to the United 
     States, its friends and allies, and to global security, and 
     responded with successive bipartisan legislative initiatives, 
     including most recently the enactment of the Comprehensive 
     Iran Sanctions, Accountability, and Divestment Act of 2010 
     (22 U.S.C. 8501 et seq.) on July 1, 2010.
       (3) If the Government of Iran achieves a nuclear weapons 
     capability, it would pose a threat to the United States and 
     allies and friends of the United States, particularly Israel, 
     destabilize the Middle East, increase the threat of nuclear 
     terrorism, and significantly undermine global 
     nonproliferation efforts.
       (4) The United States and its allies in the international 
     community recognize the threat posed by the pursuit of 
     nuclear weapons capabilities by the Government of Iran and 
     have imposed significant sanctions against the Government of 
     Iran, including through the enactment of the Comprehensive 
     Iran Sanctions, Accountability, and Divestment Act of 2010 in 
     the United States and the adoption of a series of successive, 
     increasingly stringent United Nations Security Council 
     resolutions. While such efforts, together with others, have 
     served to slow the development of Iran's nuclear program, 
     they have not yet deterred Iran from its nuclear ambitions, 
     and international efforts to do so must be intensified.

     SEC. 3. DEFINITIONS.

       In this Act:
       (1) Appropriate congressional committees.--The term 
     ``appropriate congressional committees'' has the meaning 
     given that term in section 14 of the Iran Sanctions Act of 
     1996 (Public Law 104 172; 50 U.S.C. 1701 note).
       (2) Credible information.--The term ``credible 
     information'' has the meaning given that term in section 14 
     of the Iran Sanctions Act of 1996, as amended by section 205 
     of this Act.
       (3) Knowingly.--The term ``knowingly'' has the meaning 
     given that term in section 14 of the Iran Sanctions Act of 
     1996 (Public Law 104 172; 50 U.S.C. 1701 note).
       (4) United states person.--The term ``United States 
     person'' has the meaning given that term in section 101 of 
     the Comprehensive Iran Sanctions, Accountability, and 
     Divestment Act of 2010 (22 U.S.C. 8511).

  TITLE I--EXPANSION OF MULTILATERAL SANCTIONS REGIME WITH RESPECT TO 
                                  IRAN

     SEC. 101. POLICY OF THE UNITED STATES WITH RESPECT TO 
                   DEVELOPMENT OF NUCLEAR WEAPONS CAPABILITIES BY 
                   IRAN.

       It shall be the policy of the United States--
       (1) to prevent the Government of Iran from--
       (A) acquiring or developing nuclear weapons;
       (B) developing its advanced conventional weapons and 
     ballistic missile capabilities; and
       (C) continuing its support for terrorist organizations and 
     other activities aimed at undermining and destabilizing its 
     neighbors and other countries; and
       (2) to fully implement all multilateral and bilateral 
     sanctions against Iran, as part of larger

[[Page S3643]]

     multilateral and bilateral diplomatic efforts, in order to 
     compel the Government of Iran--
       (A) to abandon efforts to acquire a nuclear weapons 
     capability;
       (B) to abandon and dismantle its ballistic missile and 
     unconventional weapons programs; and
       (C) to cease all support for terrorist organizations and 
     other terrorist activities aimed at undermining and 
     destabilizing its neighbors and other countries.

     SEC. 102. SENSE OF CONGRESS ON ENFORCEMENT OF MULTILATERAL 
                   SANCTIONS REGIME AND EXPANSION AND 
                   IMPLEMENTATION OF SANCTIONS LAWS.

       It is the sense of Congress that the goal of compelling 
     Iran to abandon efforts to acquire a nuclear weapons 
     capability and other threatening activities can be 
     effectively achieved through a comprehensive policy that 
     includes economic sanctions, diplomacy, and military 
     planning, capabilities and options, and that this objective 
     is consistent with the one stated by President Barack Obama 
     in the 2012 State of the Union Address: ``Let there be no 
     doubt: America is determined to prevent Iran from getting a 
     nuclear weapon, and I will take no options off the table to 
     achieve that goal''. Among these economic sanctions are--
       (1) prompt enforcement of the current multilateral 
     sanctions regime with respect to Iran;
       (2) full, timely, and vigorous implementation of all 
     sanctions enacted into law, including sanctions imposed or 
     expanded by this Act or amendments made by this Act, 
     through--
       (A) intensified monitoring by the President and his 
     designees, including the Secretary of the Treasury and the 
     Secretary of State, along with senior officials in the 
     intelligence community, as appropriate;
       (B) more extensive use of extraordinary authorities 
     provided for under the International Emergency Economic 
     Powers Act (50 U.S.C. 1701 et seq.) and other sanctions laws;
       (C) reallocation of resources to provide the personnel 
     necessary, within the Department of the Treasury, the 
     Department of State, and the Department of Defense, and, 
     where appropriate, the intelligence community, to apply and 
     enforce sanctions; and
       (D) expanded cooperation with international sanctions 
     enforcement efforts;
       (3) urgent consideration of the expansion of existing 
     sanctions with respect to such areas as--
       (A) the provision of energy-related services to Iran;
       (B) the provision of insurance and reinsurance services to 
     Iran;
       (C) the provision of shipping services to Iran;
       (D) those Iranian financial institutions not currently 
     designated for the imposition of sanctions that may be acting 
     as intermediaries for Iranian financial institutions that are 
     designated for the imposition of sanctions; and
       (4) a focus on countering Iran's efforts to evade 
     sanctions, including--
       (A) the activities of telecommunications, Internet, and 
     satellite service providers, within and outside of Iran, to 
     ensure that such providers are not participating in or 
     facilitating, directly or indirectly, the evasion of the 
     sanctions regime with respect to Iran or violations of the 
     human rights of the people of Iran;
       (B) the activities of financial institutions or other 
     businesses or government agencies, within or outside of Iran, 
     not yet designated for the imposition of sanctions; and
       (C) urgent and ongoing evaluation of Iran's energy, 
     national security, financial, and telecommunications sectors, 
     to gauge the effects of, and possible defects in, particular 
     sanctions, with prompt efforts to correct any gaps in the 
     existing sanctions regime with respect to Iran.

     SEC. 103. DIPLOMATIC EFFORTS TO EXPAND MULTILATERAL SANCTIONS 
                   REGIME.

       (a) Multilateral Negotiations.--In order to further the 
     policy set forth in section 101, Congress urges the President 
     to intensify diplomatic efforts, both in appropriate 
     international fora such as the United Nations and bilaterally 
     with allies of the United States, to expand the multilateral 
     sanctions regime with respect to Iran, including--
       (1) expanding the United Nations Security Council sanctions 
     regime to include--
       (A) a prohibition on the issuance of visas to any official 
     of the Government of Iran who is involved in--
       (i) human rights violations in or outside of Iran;
       (ii) the development of a nuclear weapons program and a 
     ballistic missile capability in Iran; or
       (iii) support by the Government of Iran for terrorist 
     organizations, including Hamas and Hezbollah; and
       (B) a requirement that each member country of the United 
     Nations prohibit the Islamic Republic of Iran Shipping Lines 
     from landing at seaports, and cargo flights of Iran Air from 
     landing at airports, in that country because of the role of 
     those organizations in proliferation and illegal arms sales;
       (2) expanding the range of sanctions imposed with respect 
     to Iran by allies of the United States;
       (3) expanding efforts to limit the development of petroleum 
     resources and the importation of refined petroleum products 
     by Iran;
       (4) developing additional initiatives to--
       (A) increase the production of crude oil in countries other 
     than Iran; and
       (B) assist countries that purchase or otherwise obtain 
     crude oil or petroleum products from Iran to reduce their 
     dependence on crude oil and petroleum products from Iran; and
       (5) eliminating the revenue generated by the Government of 
     Iran from the sale of petrochemical products produced in Iran 
     to other countries.
       (b) Reports to Congress.--Not later than 180 days after the 
     date of the enactment of this Act, and every 180 days 
     thereafter, the President shall submit to the appropriate 
     congressional committees a report on the extent to which 
     diplomatic efforts described in subsection (a) have been 
     successful that includes--
       (1) an identification of the countries that have agreed to 
     impose additional sanctions or take other measures to further 
     the policy set forth in section 101 and a description of 
     those measures;
       (2) an identification of the countries that have not agreed 
     to impose such sanctions or measures;
       (3) recommendations for additional measures that the United 
     States could take to further the policy set forth in section 
     101; and
       (4) a description of any decision by the World Trade 
     Organization with respect to whether the imposition by any 
     country of any sanction with respect to Iran is inconsistent 
     with the obligations of that country as a member of the World 
     Trade Organization or under the General Agreement on Tariffs 
     and Trade, done at Geneva October 30, 1947.

     SEC. 104. SENSE OF CONGRESS REGARDING THE IMPOSITION OF 
                   SANCTIONS WITH RESPECT TO IRAN.

       It is the sense of Congress that all efforts should be made 
     by the President to maximize the effects of existing 
     sanctions with respect to Iran and the United States should 
     take all necessary measures to preserve robust information-
     sharing activities.

TITLE II--EXPANSION OF SANCTIONS RELATING TO THE ENERGY SECTOR OF IRAN 
        AND PROLIFERATION OF WEAPONS OF MASS DESTRUCTION BY IRAN

          Subtitle A--Expansion of Iran Sanctions Act of 1996

     SEC. 201. IMPOSITION OF SANCTIONS WITH RESPECT TO JOINT 
                   VENTURES WITH THE GOVERNMENT OF IRAN RELATING 
                   TO DEVELOPING PETROLEUM RESOURCES.

       Section 5(a) of the Iran Sanctions Act of 1996 (Public Law 
     104 172; 50 U.S.C. 1701 note) is amended--
       (1) in the subsection heading, by striking ``with Respect 
     to'' and all that follows through ``to Iran'' and inserting 
     ``relating to the Energy Sector of Iran''; and
       (2) by adding at the end the following:
       ``(4) Joint ventures with iran relating to developing 
     petroleum resources.--
       ``(A) In general.--Except as provided in subparagraph (B) 
     and subsection (f), the President shall impose 3 or more of 
     the sanctions described in section 6(a) with respect to a 
     person if the President determines that the person knowingly 
     participates, on or after the date of the enactment of the 
     Iran Sanctions, Accountability, and Human Rights Act of 2012, 
     in a joint venture with respect to the development of 
     petroleum resources outside of Iran if--
       ``(i) the joint venture is established on or after January 
     1, 2002; and
       ``(ii)(I) the Government of Iran is a substantial partner 
     or investor in the joint venture; or
       ``(II) Iran could, through a direct operational role in the 
     joint venture or by other means, receive technological 
     knowledge or equipment not previously available to Iran that 
     could directly and significantly contribute to the 
     enhancement of Iran's ability to develop petroleum resources 
     in Iran.
       ``(B) Applicability.--Subparagraph (A) shall not apply with 
     respect to participation in a joint venture established on or 
     after January 1, 2002, and before the date of the enactment 
     of the Iran Sanctions, Accountability, and Human Rights Act 
     of 2012 if the person participating in the joint venture 
     terminates that participation not later than the date that is 
     180 days after such date of enactment.''.

     SEC. 202. IMPOSITION OF SANCTIONS WITH RESPECT TO THE 
                   PROVISION OF GOODS, SERVICES, TECHNOLOGY, OR 
                   SUPPORT FOR THE ENERGY OR PETROCHEMICAL SECTORS 
                   OF IRAN.

       Section 5(a) of the Iran Sanctions Act of 1996 (Public Law 
     104 172; 50 U.S.C. 1701 note), as amended by section 201, is 
     further amended by adding at the end the following:
       ``(5) Support for the development of petroleum resources 
     and refined petroleum products in iran.--
       ``(A) In general.--Except as provided in subsection (f), 
     the President shall impose 3 or more of the sanctions 
     described in section 6(a) with respect to a person if the 
     President determines that the person knowingly, on or after 
     the date of the enactment of the Iran Sanctions, 
     Accountability, and Human Rights Act of 2012, sells, leases, 
     or provides to Iran goods, services, technology, or support 
     described in subparagraph (B)--
       ``(i) any of which has a fair market value of $1,000,000 or 
     more; or
       ``(ii) that, during a 12-month period, have an aggregate 
     fair market value of $5,000,000 or more.
       ``(B) Goods, services, technology, or support described.--
     Goods, services, technology, or support described in this 
     subparagraph are goods, services, technology, or support that 
     could directly and significantly contribute to the 
     maintenance or enhancement of Iran's--
       ``(i) ability to develop petroleum resources located in 
     Iran; or
       ``(ii) domestic production of refined petroleum products, 
     including any direct and significant

[[Page S3644]]

     assistance with respect to the construction, modernization, 
     or repair of petroleum refineries or directly associated 
     infrastructure, including port facilities, railroads, or 
     roads, if the predominant use of those facilities, railroads, 
     or roads is for the transportation of refined petroleum 
     products.
       ``(6) Development and purchase of petrochemical products 
     from iran.--
       ``(A) In general.--Except as provided in subsection (f), 
     the President shall impose 3 or more of the sanctions 
     described in section 6(a) with respect to a person if the 
     President determines that the person knowingly, on or after 
     the date of the enactment of Iran Sanctions, Accountability, 
     and Human Rights Act of 2012, sells, leases, or provides to 
     Iran goods, services, technology, or support described in 
     subparagraph (B)--
       ``(i) any of which has a fair market value of $250,000 or 
     more; or
       ``(ii) that, during a 12-month period, have an aggregate 
     fair market value of $1,000,000 or more.
       ``(B) Goods, services, technology, or support described.--
     Goods, services, technology, or support described in this 
     subparagraph are goods, services, technology, or support that 
     could directly and significantly contribute to the 
     maintenance or expansion of Iran's domestic production of 
     petrochemical products.''.

     SEC. 203. IMPOSITION OF SANCTIONS WITH RESPECT TO JOINT 
                   VENTURES WITH THE GOVERNMENT OF IRAN RELATING 
                   TO MINING, PRODUCTION, OR TRANSPORTATION OF 
                   URANIUM.

       Section 5(b) of the Iran Sanctions Act of 1996 (Public Law 
     104 172; 50 U.S.C. 1701 note) is amended--
       (1) in paragraph (1)--
       (A) by redesignating subparagraphs (A) and (B) as clauses 
     (i) and (ii), respectively, and moving such clauses, as so 
     redesignated, 2 ems to the right;
       (B) by striking ``a person has, on or after'' and inserting 
     the following: ``a person has--
       ``(A) on or after'';
       (C) in subparagraph (A)(ii), as redesignated, by striking 
     the period and inserting ``; or''; and
       (D) by adding at the end the following:
       ``(B) except as provided in paragraph (3), knowingly 
     participated, on or after the date of the enactment of the 
     Iran Sanctions, Accountability, and Human Rights Act of 2012, 
     in a joint venture--
       ``(i) with--

       ``(I) the Government of Iran;
       ``(II) an entity incorporated in Iran or subject to the 
     jurisdiction of the Government of Iran; or
       ``(III) a person acting on behalf of or at the direction 
     of, or owned or controlled by, the Government of Iran or an 
     entity described in subclause (II); and

       ``(ii) that involves any activity relating to the mining, 
     production, or transportation of uranium.''; and
       (2) by adding at the end the following:
       ``(3) Applicability of sanctions with respect to joint 
     ventures relating to the mining, production, or 
     transportation of uranium.--
       ``(A) In general.--Paragraph (1)(B) shall apply with 
     respect to participation, on or after the date of the 
     enactment of the Iran Sanctions, Accountability, and Human 
     Rights Act of 2012, in--
       ``(i) a joint venture established on or after such date of 
     enactment; and
       ``(ii) except as provided in subparagraph (B), a joint 
     venture established before such date of enactment.
       ``(B) Exception.--Paragraph (1)(B) shall not apply with 
     respect to participation in a joint venture described in 
     subparagraph (A)(ii) if the person participating in the joint 
     venture terminates that participation not later than the date 
     that is 180 days after the date of the enactment of the Iran 
     Sanctions, Accountability, and Human Rights Act of 2012.''.

     SEC. 204. EXPANSION OF SANCTIONS AVAILABLE UNDER THE IRAN 
                   SANCTIONS ACT OF 1996.

       (a) In General.--Section 6(a) of the Iran Sanctions Act of 
     1996 (Public Law 104 172; 50 U.S.C. 1701 note) is amended--
       (1) by redesignating paragraph (9) as paragraph (11); and
       (2) by inserting after paragraph (8) the following:
       ``(9) Exclusion of corporate officers.--The President may 
     direct the Secretary of State to deny a visa to, and the 
     Secretary of Homeland Security to exclude from the United 
     States, any alien that the President determines is a 
     corporate officer or principal of, or a shareholder with a 
     controlling interest in, a sanctioned person.
       ``(10) Sanctions on principal executive officers.--The 
     President may impose on the principal executive officer or 
     officers of any sanctioned person, or on persons performing 
     similar functions and with similar authorities as such 
     officer or officers, any of the sanctions under this 
     subsection.''.
       (b) Effective Date.--The amendments made by subsection (a) 
     shall take effect on the date of the enactment of this Act 
     and apply with respect to activities described in section 5 
     of the Iran Sanctions Act of 1996, as amended by this Act, 
     commenced on or after such date of enactment.

     SEC. 205. EXPANSION OF DEFINITIONS UNDER THE IRAN SANCTIONS 
                   ACT OF 1996.

       (a) In General.--Section 14 of the Iran Sanctions Act of 
     1996 (Public Law 104 172; 50 U.S.C. 1701 note) is amended by 
     adding at the end the following:
       ``(19) Credible information.--The term `credible 
     information', with respect to a person--
       ``(A) includes--
       ``(i) a public announcement by the person that the person 
     has engaged in an activity described in section 5; and
       ``(ii) information set forth in a report to stockholders of 
     the person indicating that the person has engaged in such an 
     activity; and
       ``(B) may include, in the discretion of the President--
       ``(i) an announcement by the Government of Iran that the 
     person has engaged in such an activity; or
       ``(ii) information indicating that the person has engaged 
     in such an activity that is set forth in--

       ``(I) a report of the Government Accountability Office, the 
     Energy Information Administration, or the Congressional 
     Research Service; or
       ``(II) a report or publication of a similarly reputable 
     governmental organization.

       ``(20) Petrochemical product.--The term `petrochemical 
     product' includes any aromatic, olefin, or synthesis gas, and 
     any derivative of such a gas, including ethylene, propylene, 
     butadiene, benzene, toluene, xylene, ammonia, methanol, and 
     urea.''.
       (b) Effective Date.--The amendment made by subsection (a) 
     shall take effect on the date of the enactment of this Act 
     and apply with respect to activities described in section 5 
     of the Iran Sanctions Act of 1996, as amended by this Act, 
     commenced on or after such date of enactment.

   Subtitle B--Additional Measures Relating to Sanctions Against Iran

     SEC. 211. IMPOSITION OF SANCTIONS WITH RESPECT TO THE 
                   PROVISION OF VESSELS OR SHIPPING SERVICES TO 
                   TRANSPORT CERTAIN GOODS RELATED TO 
                   PROLIFERATION OR TERRORISM ACTIVITIES TO IRAN.

       (a) In General.--Except as provided in subsection (c), if 
     the President determines that a person, on or after the date 
     of the enactment of this Act, knowingly provides a vessel, 
     insurance or reinsurance, or any other shipping service for 
     the transportation to or from Iran of goods that could 
     materially contribute to the activities of the Government of 
     Iran with respect to the proliferation of weapons of mass 
     destruction or support for acts of international terrorism, 
     the President shall, pursuant to Executive Order 13382 (70 
     Fed. Reg. 38567; relating to blocking of property of weapons 
     of mass destruction proliferators and their supporters) or 
     Executive Order 13224 (66 Fed. Reg. 49079; relating to 
     blocking property and prohibiting transactions with persons 
     who commit, threaten to commit, or support terrorism), or 
     otherwise pursuant to the International Emergency Economic 
     Powers Act (50 U.S.C. 1701 et seq.), block and prohibit all 
     transactions in all property and interests in property of the 
     persons specified in subsection (b) if such property and 
     interests in property are in the United States, come within 
     the United States, or are or come within the possession or 
     control of a United States person.
       (b) Persons Specified.--The persons specified in this 
     subsection are--
       (1) the person that provided a vessel, insurance or 
     reinsurance, or other shipping service described in 
     subsection (a); and
       (2) any person that--
       (A) is a successor entity to the person referred to in 
     paragraph (1);
       (B) owns or controls the person referred to in paragraph 
     (1), if the person that owns or controls the person referred 
     to in paragraph (1) had actual knowledge or should have known 
     that the person referred to in paragraph (1) provided the 
     vessel, insurance or reinsurance, or other shipping service; 
     or
       (C) is owned or controlled by, or under common ownership or 
     control with, the person referred to in paragraph (1), if the 
     person owned or controlled by, or under common ownership or 
     control with (as the case may be), the person referred to in 
     paragraph (1) knowingly engaged in the provision of the 
     vessel, insurance or reinsurance, or other shipping service.
       (c) Waiver.--The President may waive the requirement to 
     impose sanctions with respect to a person under subsection 
     (a) on or after the date that is 30 days after the 
     President--
       (1) determines that such a waiver is in the national 
     security interests of the United States; and
       (2) submits to the appropriate congressional committees a 
     report that contains the reasons for that determination.
       (d) Rule of Construction.--Nothing in this section shall be 
     construed to limit the authority of the President to 
     designate persons for the imposition of sanctions pursuant to 
     Executive Order 13382 (70 Fed. Reg. 38567; relating to the 
     blocking of property of weapons of mass destruction 
     proliferators and their supporters) or Executive Order 13224 
     (66 Fed. Reg. 49079; relating to blocking property and 
     prohibiting transactions with persons who commit, threaten to 
     commit, or support terrorism), or otherwise pursuant to the 
     International Emergency Economic Powers Act (50 U.S.C. 1701 
     et seq.).

     SEC. 212. IMPOSITION OF SANCTIONS WITH RESPECT TO 
                   SUBSIDIARIES AND AGENTS OF PERSONS SANCTIONED 
                   BY UNITED NATIONS SECURITY COUNCIL RESOLUTIONS.

       (a) In General.--Section 104(c)(2)(B) of the Comprehensive 
     Iran Sanctions, Accountability, and Divestment Act of 2010 
     (22 U.S.C. 8513(c)(2)(B)) is amended--
       (1) by striking ``of a person subject'' and inserting the 
     following: ``of--
       ``(i) a person subject'';
       (2) in clause (i), as redesignated, by striking the 
     semicolon and inserting ``; or''; and
       (3) by adding at the end the following:
       ``(ii) a person acting on behalf of or at the direction of, 
     or owned or controlled by, a person described in clause 
     (i);''.
       (b) Regulations.--Not later than 90 days after the date of 
     the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of the Treasury 
     shall make such revisions to the regulations prescribed under 
     section

[[Page S3645]]

     104 of the Comprehensive Iran Sanctions, Accountability, and 
     Divestment Act of 2010 (22 U.S.C. 8513) as are necessary to 
     carry out the amendments made by subsection (a).

     SEC. 213. LIABILITY OF PARENT COMPANIES FOR VIOLATIONS OF 
                   SANCTIONS BY FOREIGN SUBSIDIARIES.

       (a) Definitions.--In this section:
       (1) Entity.--The term ``entity'' means a partnership, 
     association, trust, joint venture, corporation, or other 
     organization.
       (2) Own or control.--The term ``own or control'' means, 
     with respect to an entity--
       (A) to hold more than 50 percent of the equity interest by 
     vote or value in the entity;
       (B) to hold a majority of seats on the board of directors 
     of the entity; or
       (C) to otherwise control the actions, policies, or 
     personnel decisions of the entity.
       (b) Prohibition.--Not later than 60 days after the date of 
     the enactment of this Act, the President shall prohibit an 
     entity owned or controlled by a United States person and 
     established or maintained outside the United States from 
     engaging in any transaction directly or indirectly with the 
     Government of Iran or any person subject to the jurisdiction 
     of that Government that would be prohibited by an order or 
     regulation issued pursuant to the International Emergency 
     Economic Powers Act (50 U.S.C. 1701 et seq.) if the 
     transaction were engaged in by a United States person or in 
     the United States.
       (c) Civil Penalty.--The civil penalties provided for in 
     section 206(b) of the International Emergency Economic Powers 
     Act (50 U.S.C. 1705(b)) shall apply to a United States person 
     to the same extent that such penalties apply to a person that 
     commits an unlawful act described in section 206(a) of that 
     Act if an entity owned or controlled by the United States 
     person and established or maintained outside the United 
     States violates, attempts to violate, conspires to violate, 
     or causes a violation of any order or regulation issued to 
     implement subsection (b).
       (d) Applicability.--Subsection (c) shall not apply with 
     respect to a transaction described in subsection (b) by an 
     entity owned or controlled by a United States person and 
     established or maintained outside the United States if the 
     United States person divests or terminates its business with 
     the entity not later than the date that is 180 days after the 
     date of the enactment of this Act.

     SEC. 214. DISCLOSURES TO THE SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE 
                   COMMISSION RELATING TO SANCTIONABLE ACTIVITIES.

       (a) In General.--Section 13 of the Securities Exchange Act 
     of 1934 (15 U.S.C. 78m) is amended by adding at the end the 
     following new subsection:
       ``(r) Disclosure of Certain Activities Relating to Iran.--
       ``(1) In general.--Each issuer required to file an annual 
     or quarterly report under subsection (a) shall disclose in 
     that report the information required by paragraph (2) if, 
     during the period covered by the report, the issuer or any 
     affiliate of the issuer--
       ``(A) knowingly engaged in an activity described in section 
     5 of the Iran Sanctions Act of 1996 (Public Law 104 172; 50 
     U.S.C. 1701 note);
       ``(B) knowingly engaged in an activity described in 
     subsection (c)(2) of section 104 of the Comprehensive Iran 
     Sanctions, Accountability, and Divestment Act of 2010 (22 
     U.S.C. 8513) or a transaction described in subsection (d)(1) 
     of that section;
       ``(C) knowingly engaged in an activity described in section 
     105A(b)(2) of that Act; or
       ``(D) knowingly conducted any transaction or dealing with--
       ``(i) any person the property and interests in property of 
     which are blocked pursuant to Executive Order 13224 (66 Fed. 
     Reg. 49079; relating to blocking property and prohibiting 
     transactions with persons who commit, threaten to commit, or 
     support terrorism);
       ``(ii) any person the property and interests in property of 
     which are blocked pursuant to Executive Order 13382 (70 Fed. 
     Reg. 38567; relating to blocking of property of weapons of 
     mass destruction proliferators and their supporters); or
       ``(iii) any person identified under section 560.304 of 
     title 31, Code of Federal Regulations (relating to the 
     definition of the Government of Iran).
       ``(2) Information required.--If an issuer or an affiliate 
     of the issuer has engaged in any activity described in 
     paragraph (1), the issuer shall disclose a detailed 
     description of each such activity, including--
       ``(A) the nature and extent of the activity;
       ``(B) the gross revenues and net profits, if any, 
     attributable to the activity; and
       ``(C) whether the issuer or the affiliate of the issuer (as 
     the case may be) intends to continue the activity.
       ``(3) Notice of disclosures.--If an issuer reports under 
     paragraph (1) that the issuer or an affiliate of the issuer 
     has knowingly engaged in any activity described in that 
     paragraph, the issuer shall separately file with the 
     Commission, concurrently with the annual or quarterly report 
     under subsection (a), a notice that the disclosure of that 
     activity has been included in that annual or quarterly report 
     that identifies the issuer and contains the information 
     required by paragraph (2).
       ``(4) Public disclosure of information.--Upon receiving a 
     notice under paragraph (3) that an annual or quarterly report 
     includes a disclosure of an activity described in paragraph 
     (1), the Commission shall promptly--
       ``(A) transmit the report to--
       ``(i) the President;
       ``(ii) the Committee on Foreign Affairs and the Committee 
     on Financial Services of the House of Representatives; and
       ``(iii) the Committee on Foreign Relations and the 
     Committee on Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs of the 
     Senate; and
       ``(B) make the information provided in the disclosure and 
     the notice available to the public by posting the information 
     on the Internet website of the Commission.
       ``(5) Investigations.--Upon receiving a report under 
     paragraph (4) that includes a disclosure of an activity 
     described in paragraph (1) (other than an activity described 
     in subparagraph (D)(iii) of that paragraph), the President 
     shall--
       ``(A) initiate an investigation into the possible 
     imposition of sanctions under the Iran Sanctions Act of 1996 
     (Public Law 104 172; 50 U.S.C. 1701 note), section 104 or 
     105A of the Comprehensive Iran Sanctions, Accountability, and 
     Divestment Act of 2010, an Executive Order specified in 
     clause (i) or (ii) of paragraph (1)(D), or any other 
     provision of law relating to the imposition of sanctions with 
     respect to Iran, as applicable; and
       ``(B) not later than 180 days after initiating such an 
     investigation, make a determination with respect to whether 
     sanctions should be imposed with respect to the issuer or the 
     affiliate of the issuer (as the case may be).
       ``(6) Sunset.--The provisions of this subsection shall 
     terminate on the date that is 30 days after the date on which 
     the President makes the certification described in section 
     401(a) of the Comprehensive Iran Sanctions, Accountability, 
     and Divestment Act of 2010 (22 U.S.C. 8551(a)).''.
       (b) Effective Date.--The amendment made by subsection (a) 
     shall take effect with respect to reports required to be 
     filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission after the 
     date that is 180 days after the date of the enactment of this 
     Act.

     SEC. 215. IDENTIFICATION OF, AND IMMIGRATION RESTRICTIONS ON, 
                   SENIOR OFFICIALS OF THE GOVERNMENT OF IRAN AND 
                   THEIR FAMILY MEMBERS.

       (a) Identification.--Not later than 180 days after the date 
     of the enactment of this Act, and annually thereafter, the 
     President shall publish a list of each individual the 
     President determines is--
       (1) a senior official of the Government of Iran described 
     in subsection (b) that is involved in Iran's--
       (A) illicit nuclear activities or proliferation of weapons 
     of mass destruction or delivery systems for weapons of mass 
     destruction;
       (B) support for international terrorism; or
       (C) commission of serious human rights abuses against 
     citizens of Iran or their family members; or
       (2) a family member of such an official.
       (b) Senior Officials of the Government of Iran Described.--
     A senior official of the Government of Iran described in this 
     subsection is any senior official of that Government, 
     including--
       (1) the Supreme Leader of Iran, Ali Khamenei;
       (2) the President of Iran, Mahmoud Ahmadinejad;
       (3) a member of the Cabinet of the Government of Iran;
       (4) a member of the Assembly of Experts;
       (5) a senior member of the Intelligence Ministry of Iran; 
     or
       (6) a member of Iran's Revolutionary Guard Corps with the 
     rank of brigadier general or higher, including a member of a 
     paramilitary organization such as Ansar-e-Hezbollah or Basij-
     e Motaz'afin.
       (c) Restrictions on Visas and Adjustments in Immigration 
     Status.--Except as provided in subsection (d), the Secretary 
     of State and the Secretary of Homeland Security may not grant 
     an individual on the list required by subsection (a) 
     immigration status in, or admit the individual to, the United 
     States.
       (d) Exception To Comply With United Nations Headquarters 
     Agreement.--Subsection (c) shall not apply to an individual 
     if admitting the individual to the United States is necessary 
     to permit the United States to comply with the Agreement 
     between the United Nations and the United States of America 
     regarding the Headquarters of the United Nations, signed June 
     26, 1947, and entered into force November 21, 1947.
       (e) Waiver.--The President may waive the application of 
     subsection (a) or (c) with respect to an individual if the 
     President--
       (1) determines that such a waiver is in the national 
     interest of the United States; and
       (2) not less than 7 days before the waiver takes effect, 
     notifies Congress of the waiver and the reason for the 
     waiver.

     SEC. 216. REPORTS ON, AND AUTHORIZATION OF IMPOSITION OF 
                   SANCTIONS WITH RESPECT TO, THE PROVISION OF 
                   SPECIALIZED FINANCIAL MESSAGING SERVICES TO THE 
                   CENTRAL BANK OF IRAN AND OTHER SANCTIONED 
                   IRANIAN FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS.

       (a) Sense of Congress.--It is the sense of Congress that--
       (1) providers of specialized financial messaging services 
     are a critical link to the international financial system;
       (2) the European Union is to be commended for strengthening 
     the multilateral sanctions regime against Iran by deciding 
     that specialized financial messaging services may not be 
     provided to the Central Bank of Iran and other sanctioned 
     Iranian financial institutions by persons subject to the 
     jurisdiction of the European Union; and
       (3) the loss of access by sanctioned Iranian financial 
     institutions to specialized financial messaging services must 
     be maintained.
       (b) Reports Required.--
       (1) In general.--Not later than 60 days after the date of 
     the enactment of this Act, and every 90 days thereafter, the 
     Secretary of the Treasury shall submit to the appropriate 
     congressional committees a report that contains--
       (A) a list of all persons that the Secretary has identified 
     that directly provide specialized financial messaging 
     services to, or enable or facilitate direct or indirect 
     access to such messaging services for, the Central Bank of 
     Iran or

[[Page S3646]]

     a financial institution described in section 104(c)(2)(E)(ii) 
     of the Comprehensive Iran Sanctions, Accountability, and 
     Divestment Act of 2010 (22 U.S.C. 8513(c)(2)(E)(ii)); and
       (B) a detailed assessment of the status of efforts by the 
     Secretary to end the direct provision of such messaging 
     services to, and the enabling or facilitation of direct or 
     indirect access to such messaging services for, the Central 
     Bank of Iran or a financial institution described in section 
     104(c)(2)(E)(ii) of the Comprehensive Iran Sanctions, 
     Accountability, and Divestment Act of 2010 (22 U.S.C. 
     8513(c)(2)(E)(ii)).
       (2) Enabling or facilitation of access to specialized 
     financial messaging services through intermediary financial 
     institutions.--For purposes of paragraph (1) and subsection 
     (c), enabling or facilitating direct or indirect access to 
     specialized financial messaging services for the Central Bank 
     of Iran or a financial institution described in section 
     104(c)(2)(E)(ii) of the Comprehensive Iran Sanctions, 
     Accountability, and Divestment Act of 2010 (22 U.S.C. 
     8513(c)(2)(E)(ii)) includes doing so by serving as an 
     intermediary financial institution with access to such 
     messaging services.
       (3) Form of report.--A report submitted under paragraph (1) 
     shall be submitted in unclassified form but may contain a 
     classified annex.
       (c) Authorization of the Imposition of Sanctions.--
       (1) In general.--Except as provided in paragraph (2), if, 
     on or after the date that is 90 days after the date of the 
     enactment of this Act, a person continues to knowingly and 
     directly provide specialized financial messaging services to, 
     or knowingly enable or facilitate direct or indirect access 
     to such messaging services for, the Central Bank of Iran or a 
     financial institution described in paragraph (2)(E)(ii) of 
     section 104(c) of the Comprehensive Iran Sanctions, 
     Accountability, and Divestment Act of 2010 (22 U.S.C. 
     8513(c)), the President may impose sanctions pursuant to that 
     section or the International Emergency Economic Powers Act 
     (50 U.S.C. 1701 et seq.) with respect to the person.
       (2) Exception.--The President may not impose sanctions 
     pursuant to paragraph (1) with respect to a person for 
     directly providing specialized financial messaging services 
     to, or enabling or facilitating direct or indirect access to 
     such messaging services for, the Central Bank of Iran or a 
     financial institution described in section 104(c)(2)(E)(ii) 
     of the Comprehensive Iran Sanctions, Accountability, and 
     Divestment Act of 2010 (22 U.S.C. 8513(c)(2)(E)(ii)) if--
       (A) the person is subject to a sanctions regime under its 
     governing foreign law that requires it to eliminate the 
     knowing provision of such messaging services to, and the 
     knowing enabling and facilitation of direct or indirect 
     access to such messaging services for--
       (i) the Central Bank of Iran; and
       (ii) a group of Iranian financial institutions identified 
     under such governing foreign law for purposes of that 
     sanctions regime if the President determines that--

       (I) the group is substantially similar to the group of 
     financial institutions described in section 104(c)(2)(E)(ii) 
     of the Comprehensive Iran Sanctions, Accountability, and 
     Divestment Act of 2010 (22 U.S.C. 8513(c)(2)(E)(ii)); and
       (II) the differences between those groups of financial 
     institutions do not adversely affect the national interest of 
     the United States; and

       (B) the person has, pursuant to that sanctions regime, 
     terminated the knowing provision of such messaging services 
     to, and the knowing enabling and facilitation of direct or 
     indirect access to such messaging services for, the Central 
     Bank of Iran and each Iranian financial institution 
     identified under such governing foreign law for purposes of 
     that sanctions regime.

     SEC. 217. GOVERNMENT ACCOUNTABILITY OFFICE REPORT ON FOREIGN 
                   ENTITIES THAT INVEST IN THE ENERGY SECTOR OF 
                   IRAN OR EXPORT REFINED PETROLEUM PRODUCTS TO 
                   IRAN.

       (a) Initial Report.--
       (1) In general.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
     the enactment of this Act, the Comptroller General of the 
     United States shall submit to the appropriate congressional 
     committees a report--
       (A) listing all foreign investors in the energy sector of 
     Iran during the period specified in paragraph (2), 
     including--
       (i) all entities that exported gasoline and other refined 
     petroleum products to Iran;
       (ii) all entities involved in providing refined petroleum 
     products to Iran, including--

       (I) entities that provided ships to transport refined 
     petroleum products to Iran; and
       (II) entities that provided insurance or reinsurance for 
     shipments of refined petroleum products to Iran; and

       (iii) all entities involved in commercial transactions of 
     any kind, including joint ventures anywhere in the world, 
     with Iranian energy companies; and
       (B) identifying the countries in which gasoline and other 
     refined petroleum products exported to Iran during the period 
     specified in paragraph (2) were produced or refined.
       (2) Period specified.--The period specified in this 
     paragraph is the period beginning on January 1, 2006, and 
     ending on the date that is 150 days after the date of the 
     enactment of this Act.
       (b) Updated Reports.--Not later than one year after 
     submitting the report required by subsection (a), and 
     annually thereafter, the Comptroller General of the United 
     States shall submit to the appropriate congressional 
     committees a report containing the matters required in the 
     report under subsection (a)(1) for the one-year period 
     beginning on the date that is 30 days before the date on 
     which the preceding report was required to be submitted by 
     this section.

     SEC. 218. REPORTING ON THE IMPORTATION TO AND EXPORTATION 
                   FROM IRAN OF CRUDE OIL AND REFINED PETROLEUM 
                   PRODUCTS.

       Section 110(b) of the Comprehensive Iran Sanctions, 
     Accountability, and Divestment Act of 2010 (22 U.S.C. 
     8518(b)) is amended by striking ``a report containing the 
     matters'' and all that follows through the period at the end 
     and inserting the following: ``a report, covering the 180-day 
     period beginning on the date that is 30 days before the date 
     on which the preceding report was required to be submitted by 
     this section, that--
       ``(1) contains the matters required in the report under 
     subsection (a)(1); and
       ``(2) identifies--
       ``(A) the volume of crude oil and refined petroleum 
     products imported to and exported from Iran (including 
     through swaps and similar arrangements);
       ``(B) the persons selling and transporting crude oil and 
     refined petroleum products described in subparagraph (A), the 
     countries with primary jurisdiction over those persons, and 
     the countries in which those products were refined;
       ``(C) the sources of financing for imports to Iran of crude 
     oil and refined petroleum products described in subparagraph 
     (A); and
       ``(D) the involvement of foreign persons in efforts to 
     assist Iran in--
       ``(i) developing upstream oil and gas production capacity;
       ``(ii) importing advanced technology to upgrade existing 
     Iranian refineries;
       ``(iii) converting existing chemical plants to petroleum 
     refineries; or
       ``(iv) maintaining, upgrading, or expanding refineries or 
     constructing new refineries.''.

 TITLE III--SANCTIONS WITH RESPECT TO IRAN'S REVOLUTIONARY GUARD CORPS

     Subtitle A--Identification of, and Sanctions With Respect to, 
 Officials, Agents, Affiliates, and Supporters of Iran's Revolutionary 
                Guard Corps and Other Sanctioned Persons

     SEC. 301. IDENTIFICATION OF, AND IMPOSITION OF SANCTIONS WITH 
                   RESPECT TO, OFFICIALS, AGENTS, AND AFFILIATES 
                   OF IRAN'S REVOLUTIONARY GUARD CORPS.

       (a) In General.--Not later than 90 days after the date of 
     the enactment of this Act, and as appropriate thereafter, the 
     President shall--
       (1) identify foreign persons that are officials, agents, or 
     affiliates of Iran's Revolutionary Guard Corps; and
       (2) for each foreign person identified under paragraph (1) 
     that is not already designated for the imposition of 
     sanctions pursuant to the International Emergency Economic 
     Powers Act (50 U.S.C. 1701 et seq.)--
       (A) designate that foreign person for the imposition of 
     sanctions pursuant to that Act; and
       (B) block and prohibit all transactions in all property and 
     interests in property of that foreign person if such property 
     and interests in property are in the United States, come 
     within the United States, or are or come within the 
     possession or control of a United States person.
       (b) Priority for Investigation.--In identifying foreign 
     persons pursuant to subsection (a)(1) as officials, agents, 
     or affiliates of Iran's Revolutionary Guard Corps, the 
     President shall give priority to investigating--
       (1) foreign persons identified under section 560.304 of 
     title 31, Code of Federal Regulations (relating to the 
     definition of the Government of Iran); and
       (2) foreign persons for which there is a reasonable basis 
     to find that the person has conducted or attempted to conduct 
     one or more sensitive transactions or activities described in 
     subsection (c).
       (c) Sensitive Transactions and Activities Described.--A 
     sensitive transaction or activity described in this 
     subsection is--
       (1) a financial transaction or series of transactions 
     valued at more than $1,000,000 in the aggregate in any 12-
     month period involving a non-Iranian financial institution;
       (2) a transaction to facilitate the manufacture, 
     importation, exportation, or transfer of items needed for the 
     development by Iran of nuclear, chemical, biological, or 
     advanced conventional weapons, including ballistic missiles;
       (3) a transaction relating to the manufacture, procurement, 
     or sale of goods, services, and technology relating to Iran's 
     energy sector, including a transaction relating to the 
     development of the energy resources of Iran, the exportation 
     of petroleum products from Iran, the importation of refined 
     petroleum to Iran, or the development of refining capacity 
     available to Iran;
       (4) a transaction relating to the manufacture, procurement, 
     or sale of goods, services, and technology relating to Iran's 
     petrochemical sector; or
       (5) a transaction relating to the procurement of sensitive 
     technologies (as defined in section 106(c) of the 
     Comprehensive Iran Sanctions, Accountability, and Divestment 
     Act of 2010 (22 U.S.C. 8515(c))).
       (d) Exclusion From United States.--
       (1) In general.--Subject to paragraph (2), the Secretary of 
     State shall deny a visa to, and the Secretary of Homeland 
     Security shall exclude from the United States, any alien who, 
     on or after the date of the enactment of this Act, is a 
     foreign person designated pursuant to subsection (a) for the 
     imposition of sanctions pursuant to the International 
     Emergency Economic Powers Act (50 U.S.C. 1701 et seq.).
       (2) Regulatory exceptions to comply with international 
     obligations.--The requirement to deny visas to and exclude 
     aliens from the United States pursuant to paragraph (1) shall

[[Page S3647]]

     be subject to such regulations as the President may 
     prescribe, including regulatory exceptions to permit the 
     United States to comply with the Agreement between the United 
     Nations and the United States of America regarding the 
     Headquarters of the United Nations, signed June 26, 1947, and 
     entered into force November 21, 1947, and other applicable 
     international obligations.
       (e) Waiver of Imposition of Sanctions.--
       (1) In general.--The President may waive the application of 
     subsection (a)(2) or (d) with respect to a foreign person if 
     the President--
       (A) determines that it is in the national security 
     interests of the United States to do so; and
       (B) submits to the appropriate congressional committees a 
     report that--
       (i) identifies the foreign person with respect to which the 
     waiver applies; and
       (ii) sets forth the reasons for the determination.
       (2) Form of report.--A report submitted under paragraph 
     (1)(B) shall be submitted in unclassified form but may 
     contain a classified annex.
       (f) Rule of Construction.--Nothing in this section shall be 
     construed to remove any sanction of the United States in 
     force with respect to Iran's Revolutionary Guard Corps as of 
     the date of the enactment of this Act.

     SEC. 302. IDENTIFICATION OF, AND IMPOSITION OF SANCTIONS WITH 
                   RESPECT TO, PERSONS THAT SUPPORT OR CONDUCT 
                   CERTAIN TRANSACTIONS WITH IRAN'S REVOLUTIONARY 
                   GUARD CORPS OR OTHER SANCTIONED PERSONS.

       (a) Identification.--
       (1) In general.--Not later than 90 days after the date of 
     the enactment of this Act, and every 180 days thereafter, the 
     President shall submit to the appropriate congressional 
     committees a report identifying foreign persons that the 
     President determines, on or after the date of the enactment 
     of this Act, knowingly--
       (A) materially assist, sponsor, or provide financial, 
     material, or technological support for, or goods or services 
     in support of, Iran's Revolutionary Guard Corps or any of its 
     officials, agents, or affiliates the property and interests 
     in property of which are blocked pursuant to the 
     International Emergency Economic Powers Act (50 U.S.C. 1701 
     et seq.);
       (B) engage in a significant transaction or transactions 
     with Iran's Revolutionary Guard Corps or any such official, 
     agent, or affiliate; or
       (C) engage in a significant transaction or transactions 
     with--
       (i) a person subject to financial sanctions pursuant to 
     United Nations Security Council Resolution 1737 (2006), 1747 
     (2007), 1803 (2008), or 1929 (2010), or any other resolution 
     that is adopted by the Security Council and imposes sanctions 
     with respect to Iran or modifies such sanctions; or
       (ii) a person acting on behalf of or at the direction of, 
     or owned or controlled by, a person described in clause (i).
       (2) Form of report.--A report submitted under paragraph (1) 
     shall be submitted in unclassified form but may contain a 
     classified annex.
       (3) Barter transactions.--For purposes of paragraph (1), 
     the term ``transaction'' includes a barter transaction.
       (b) Imposition of Sanctions.--If the President determines 
     under subsection (a)(1) that a foreign person has knowingly 
     engaged in an activity described in that subsection, the 
     President--
       (1) shall impose 3 or more of the sanctions described in 
     section 6(a) of the Iran Sanctions Act of 1996, as amended by 
     section 204 of this Act; and
       (2) may impose additional sanctions pursuant to the 
     International Emergency Economic Powers Act (50 U.S.C. 1701 
     et seq.) with respect to the person.
       (c) Termination.--The President may terminate a sanction 
     imposed with respect to a foreign person pursuant to 
     subsection (b) if the President determines that the person--
       (1) no longer engages in the activity for which the 
     sanction was imposed; and
       (2) has provided assurances to the President that the 
     person will not engage in any activity described in 
     subsection (a)(1) in the future.
       (d) Waiver of Imposition of Sanctions.--
       (1) In general.--The President may waive the imposition of 
     sanctions under subsection (b) with respect to a foreign 
     person if the President--
       (A)(i) determines that the person has ceased the activity 
     for which sanctions would otherwise be imposed and has taken 
     measures to prevent a recurrence of the activity; or
       (ii) determines that it is in the national security 
     interests of the United States to do so; and
       (B) submits to the appropriate congressional committees a 
     report that--
       (i) identifies the foreign person with respect to which the 
     waiver applies;
       (ii) describes the activity that would otherwise subject 
     the foreign person to the imposition of sanctions under 
     subsection (b); and
       (iii) sets forth the reasons for the determination.
       (2) Form of report.--A report submitted under paragraph 
     (1)(B) shall be submitted in unclassified form but may 
     contain a classified annex.
       (e) Waiver of Identifications and Designations.--
     Notwithstanding any other provision of this subtitle and 
     subject to paragraph (2), the President shall not be required 
     to make any identification of a foreign person under 
     subsection (a) or any identification or designation of a 
     foreign person under section 301(a) if the President--
       (1) determines that doing so would cause damage to the 
     national security of the United States, including through the 
     divulgence of sources or methods of obtaining intelligence or 
     other critical classified information; and
       (2) notifies the appropriate congressional committees of 
     the exercise of the authority provided under this subsection.
       (f) Application of Provisions of Iran Sanctions Act of 
     1996.--The following provisions of the Iran Sanctions Act of 
     1996, as amended by this Act, apply with respect to the 
     imposition under subsection (b)(1) of sanctions relating to 
     activities described in subsection (a)(1) to the same extent 
     that such provisions apply with respect to the imposition of 
     sanctions under section 5(a) of the Iran Sanctions Act of 
     1996:
       (1) Subsections (c) and (e) of section 4.
       (2) Subsections (c), (d), and (f) of section 5.
       (3) Section 8.
       (4) Section 9.
       (5) Section 11.
       (6) Section 12.
       (7) Subsection (b) of section 13.
       (8) Section 14.

     SEC. 303. RULE OF CONSTRUCTION.

       Nothing in this subtitle shall be construed to limit the 
     authority of the President to designate foreign persons for 
     the imposition of sanctions pursuant to the International 
     Emergency Economic Powers Act (50 U.S.C. 1701 et seq.).

Subtitle B--Additional Measures Relating to Iran's Revolutionary Guard 
                                 Corps

     SEC. 311. EXPANSION OF PROCUREMENT PROHIBITION TO FOREIGN 
                   PERSONS THAT ENGAGE IN CERTAIN TRANSACTIONS 
                   WITH IRAN'S REVOLUTIONARY GUARD CORPS.

       (a) In General.--Section 6(b)(1) of the Iran Sanctions Act 
     of 1996 (Public Law 104 172; 50 U.S.C. 1701 note) is 
     amended--
       (1) by striking ``Not later than 90 days'' and inserting 
     the following:
       ``(A) Certifications relating to activities described in 
     section 5.--Not later than 90 days''; and
       (2) by adding at the end the following:
       ``(B) Certifications relating to transactions with iran's 
     revolutionary guard corps.--Not later than 90 days after the 
     date of the enactment of the Iran Sanctions, Accountability, 
     and Human Rights Act of 2012, the Federal Acquisition 
     Regulation shall be revised to require a certification from 
     each person that is a prospective contractor that the person, 
     and any person owned or controlled by the person, does not 
     knowingly engage in a significant transaction or transactions 
     with Iran's Revolutionary Guard Corps or any of its 
     officials, agents, or affiliates the property and interests 
     in property of which are blocked pursuant to the 
     International Emergency Economic Powers Act (50 U.S.C. 1701 
     et seq.).''.
       (b) Technical and Conforming Amendments.--
       (1) Section 6(b) of the Iran Sanctions Act of 1996, as 
     amended by subsection (a), is further amended--
       (A) in paragraph (1)(A), as redesignated, by striking 
     ``issued pursuant to section 25 of the Office of Federal 
     Procurement Policy Act (41 U.S.C. 421)'';
       (B) in paragraph (2)--
       (i) in subparagraph (A), by striking ``the revision'' and 
     inserting ``the applicable revision''; and
       (ii) in subparagraph (B), by striking ``issued pursuant to 
     section 25 of the Office of Federal Procurement Policy Act 
     (41 U.S.C. 421)'';
       (C) by striking paragraph (6) and inserting the following:
       ``(6) Definitions.--In this subsection:
       ``(A) Executive agency.--The term `executive agency' has 
     the meaning given that term in section 133 of title 41, 
     United States Code.
       ``(B) Federal acquisition regulation.--The term `Federal 
     Acquisition Regulation' means the regulation issued pursuant 
     to section 1303(a)(1) of title 41, United States Code.''; and
       (D) in paragraph (7)--
       (i) by striking ``The revisions to the Federal Acquisition 
     Regulation required under paragraph (1)'' and inserting the 
     following:
       ``(A) Certifications relating to activities described in 
     section 5.--The revisions to the Federal Acquisition 
     Regulation required under paragraph (1)(A)''; and
       (ii) by adding at the end the following:
       ``(B) Certifications relating to transactions with iran's 
     revolutionary guard corps.--The revisions to the Federal 
     Acquisition Regulation required under paragraph (1)(B) shall 
     apply with respect to contracts for which solicitations are 
     issued on or after the date that is 90 days after the date of 
     the enactment of the Iran Sanctions, Accountability, and 
     Human Rights Act of 2012.''.
       (2) Section 101(3) of the Comprehensive Iran Sanctions, 
     Accountability, and Divestment Act of 2010 (22 U.S.C. 
     8511(3)) is amended by striking ``section 4 of the Office of 
     Federal Procurement Policy Act (41 U.S.C. 403)'' and 
     inserting ``section 133 of title 41, United States Code''.

     SEC. 312. DETERMINATIONS OF WHETHER THE NATIONAL IRANIAN OIL 
                   COMPANY AND THE NATIONAL IRANIAN TANKER COMPANY 
                   ARE AGENTS OR AFFILIATES OF IRAN'S 
                   REVOLUTIONARY GUARD CORPS.

       (a) In General.--Section 104(c) of the Comprehensive Iran 
     Sanctions, Accountability, and Divestment Act of 2010 (22 
     U.S.C. 8513(c)) is amended by adding at the end the 
     following:
       ``(4) Determinations regarding nioc and nitc.--
       ``(A) Determinations.--For purposes of paragraph (2)(E)(i), 
     the Secretary of the Treasury shall, not later than 60 days 
     after the date of the enactment of the Iran Sanctions, 
     Accountability, and Human Rights Act of 2012--
       ``(i) determine whether the NIOC or the NITC is an agent or 
     affiliate of Iran's Revolutionary Guard Corps; and
       ``(ii) submit to the appropriate congressional committees a 
     report on the determinations made under clause (i), together 
     with the reasons for those determinations.

[[Page S3648]]

       ``(B) Form of report.--A report submitted under 
     subparagraph (A)(ii) shall be submitted in unclassified form 
     but may contain a classified annex.
       ``(C) Applicability with respect to petroleum 
     transactions.--
       ``(i) Application of sanctions.--Except as provided in 
     clause (ii), the regulations prescribed under paragraph (1) 
     shall apply to a transaction for the purchase of petroleum or 
     petroleum products from, or to financial services relating to 
     such a transaction for, the NIOC or the NITC on or after the 
     date that is 180 days after the date of the enactment of the 
     National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2012 
     (Public Law 112 81) only if the President has determined, 
     pursuant to section 1245(d)(4)(B) of that Act, that there is 
     a sufficient supply of petroleum and petroleum products 
     produced in countries other than Iran to permit purchasers of 
     petroleum and petroleum products from Iran to reduce 
     significantly in volume their purchases from Iran.
       ``(ii) Exception for certain countries.--The regulations 
     prescribed under paragraph (1) shall not apply to a foreign 
     financial institution that facilitates a significant 
     transaction or transactions for the purchase of petroleum or 
     petroleum products from, or that provides significant 
     financial services relating to such a transaction for, the 
     NIOC or the NITC if the President determines and reports to 
     Congress, not later than 90 days after the date on which the 
     President makes the determination required by section 
     1245(d)(4)(B) of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
     Fiscal Year 2012, and every 180 days thereafter, that the 
     country with primary jurisdiction over the foreign financial 
     institution has significantly reduced its volume of crude oil 
     purchases from Iran during the period beginning on the date 
     on which the President submitted the last report with respect 
     to the country under this clause.
       ``(D) Definitions.--In this paragraph:
       ``(i) NIOC.--The term `NIOC' means the National Iranian Oil 
     Company.
       ``(ii) NITC.--The term `NITC' means the National Iranian 
     Tanker Company.''.
       (b) Conforming Amendments.--Section 104(g) of the 
     Comprehensive Iran Sanctions, Accountability, and Divestment 
     Act of 2010 (22 U.S.C. 8513(g)) is amended by striking 
     ``subsection (c)(1)'' each place it appears and inserting 
     ``paragraph (1) or (4) of subsection (c)''.

       TITLE IV--MEASURES RELATING TO HUMAN RIGHTS ABUSES IN IRAN

 Subtitle A--Expansion of Sanctions Relating to Human Rights Abuses in 
                                  Iran

     SEC. 401. FINDINGS.

       Congress makes the following findings:
       (1) The Government of Iran continues to violate 
     systematically the basic human rights of citizens of Iran, 
     including by cutting off their access to information and 
     technology, suppressing their freedom of expression, and 
     punishing severely, and sometimes brutally, their attempts to 
     exercise political rights.
       (2) In a March 20, 2012, speech celebrating Nowruz, the 
     Iranian New Year, President Barack Obama described censorship 
     of the Internet and monitoring of computers and cell phones 
     by the Government of Iran as depriving the people of Iran of 
     ``the information they want [and] stopping the free flow of 
     information and ideas into the country''. The President 
     concluded that ``in recent weeks, Internet restrictions have 
     become so severe that Iranians cannot communicate freely with 
     their loved ones within Iran, or beyond its borders, [so 
     that] an electronic curtain has fallen around Iran.''.
       (3) At a time when growing numbers of Iranians turn to the 
     Internet as a source for news and political debate, the 
     response of the Government of Iran has combined increasingly 
     pervasive jamming and filtering of the Internet, blocking of 
     email, social networking and other websites, and interception 
     of Internet, telephonic, and mail communications.
       (4) The March 2012 Report of the United Nations Human 
     Rights Council Special Rapporteur on Iran details the 
     Government of Iran's widespread human rights abuses and 
     censorship, its chronic disregard of due process, and its 
     equally chronic harassment, abuse, and intimidation of the 
     people of Iran.
       (5) There has been no independent investigation into the 
     months of violence that followed Iran's fraudulent 2009 
     presidential election, violence that included the beatings of 
     scores of Tehran University students by security forces using 
     weapons, such as chains, metal rods, and electrified batons, 
     and the subsequent imprisonment of many students, some of 
     whom died in captivity.
       (6) The Government of Iran has failed to cooperate with 
     human rights investigations by the Special Rapporteur, and 
     its failure to cooperate in those and similar investigations 
     has been criticized in reports of the United Nations 
     Secretary-General, General Assembly, and Human Rights 
     Council, even as human rights abuses continue.

     SEC. 402. SENSE OF CONGRESS.

       It is the sense of Congress that--
       (1) the Government of Iran, especially Iran's Revolutionary 
     Guard Corps, continues to engage in serious, systematic, and 
     ongoing violations of human rights and the rise in the level 
     of such violations after the 2009 presidential elections has 
     not abated;
       (2) the Government of Iran is engaging in a systematic 
     campaign to prevent news, entertainment, and opinions from 
     reaching media that are not subject to government control and 
     to eliminate any free Internet or other electronic media 
     discussion among the people of Iran; and
       (3) the Government of Iran has refused to cooperate with 
     international organizations, including the United Nations, 
     seeking to investigate or to alleviate those conditions.

     SEC. 403. IMPOSITION OF SANCTIONS WITH RESPECT TO THE 
                   TRANSFER OF GOODS OR TECHNOLOGIES TO IRAN THAT 
                   ARE LIKELY TO BE USED TO COMMIT HUMAN RIGHTS 
                   ABUSES.

       (a) In General.--The Comprehensive Iran Sanctions, 
     Accountability, and Divestment Act of 2010 (22 U.S.C. 8501 et 
     seq.) is amended by inserting after section 105 the 
     following:

     ``SEC. 105A. IMPOSITION OF SANCTIONS WITH RESPECT TO THE 
                   TRANSFER OF GOODS OR TECHNOLOGIES TO IRAN THAT 
                   ARE LIKELY TO BE USED TO COMMIT HUMAN RIGHTS 
                   ABUSES.

       ``(a) In General.--The President shall impose sanctions in 
     accordance with subsection (c) with respect to each person on 
     the list required by subsection (b).
       ``(b) List.--
       ``(1) In general.--Not later than 90 days after the date of 
     the enactment of the Iran Sanctions, Accountability, and 
     Human Rights Act of 2012, the President shall submit to the 
     appropriate congressional committees a list of persons that 
     the President determines have knowingly engaged in an 
     activity described in paragraph (2) on or after such date of 
     enactment.
       ``(2) Activity described.--
       ``(A) In general.--A person engages in an activity 
     described in this paragraph if the person--
       ``(i) transfers, or facilitates the transfer of, goods or 
     technologies described in subparagraph (C) to Iran, any 
     entity organized under the laws of Iran or otherwise subject 
     to the jurisdiction of the Government of Iran, or any 
     national of Iran, for use in or with respect to Iran; or
       ``(ii) provides services (including services relating to 
     hardware, software, and specialized information, and 
     professional consulting, engineering, and support services) 
     with respect to goods or technologies described in 
     subparagraph (C) after such goods or technologies are 
     transferred to Iran.
       ``(B) Applicability to contracts and other agreements.--A 
     person engages in an activity described in subparagraph (A) 
     without regard to whether the activity is carried out 
     pursuant to a contract or other agreement entered into 
     before, on, or after the date of the enactment of the Iran 
     Sanctions, Accountability, and Human Rights Act of 2012.
       ``(C) Goods or technologies described.--Goods or 
     technologies described in this subparagraph are goods or 
     technologies that the President determines are likely to be 
     used by the Government of Iran or any of its agencies or 
     instrumentalities (or by any other person on behalf of the 
     Government of Iran or any of such agencies or 
     instrumentalities) to commit serious human rights abuses 
     against the people of Iran, including--
       ``(i) firearms or ammunition (as those terms are defined in 
     section 921 of title 18, United States Code), rubber bullets, 
     police batons, pepper or chemical sprays, stun grenades, 
     electroshock weapons, tear gas, water cannons, or 
     surveillance technology; or
       ``(ii) sensitive technology (as defined in section 106(c)).
       ``(3) Special rule to allow for termination of sanctionable 
     activity.--The President shall not be required to include a 
     person on the list required by paragraph (1) if the President 
     certifies in writing to the appropriate congressional 
     committees that--
       ``(A) the person is no longer engaging in, or has taken 
     significant verifiable steps toward stopping, the activity 
     described in paragraph (2) for which the President would 
     otherwise have included the person on the list; and
       ``(B) the President has received reliable assurances that 
     the person will not knowingly engage in any activity 
     described in paragraph (2) in the future.
       ``(4) Updates of list.--The President shall submit to the 
     appropriate congressional committees an updated list under 
     paragraph (1)--
       ``(A) each time the President is required to submit an 
     updated list to those committees under section 105(b)(2)(A); 
     and
       ``(B) as new information becomes available.
       ``(5) Form of report; public availability.--
       ``(A) Form.--The list required by paragraph (1) shall be 
     submitted in unclassified form but may contain a classified 
     annex.
       ``(B) Public availability.--The unclassified portion of the 
     list required by paragraph (1) shall be made available to the 
     public and posted on the websites of the Department of the 
     Treasury and the Department of State.
       ``(c) Application of Sanctions.--
       ``(1) In general.--Subject to paragraph (2), the President 
     shall impose sanctions described in section 105(c) with 
     respect to a person on the list required by subsection (b).
       ``(2) Transfers to iran's revolutionary guard corps.--In 
     the case of a person on the list required by subsection (b) 
     for transferring, or facilitating the transfer of, goods or 
     technologies described in subsection (b)(2)(C) to Iran's 
     Revolutionary Guard Corps, or providing services with respect 
     to such goods or technologies after such goods or 
     technologies are transferred to Iran's Revolutionary Guard 
     Corps, the President shall--
       ``(A) impose sanctions described in section 105(c) with 
     respect to the person; and
       ``(B) impose such other sanctions from among the sanctions 
     described in section 6(a) of the Iran Sanctions Act of 1996 
     (Public Law 104 172; 50 U.S.C. 1701 note) as the President 
     determines appropriate.''.
       (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of contents for the 
     Comprehensive Iran Sanctions, Accountability, and Divestment 
     Act of 2010 is amended by inserting after the item relating 
     to section 105 the following:

``Sec. 105A. Imposition of sanctions with respect to the transfer of 
              goods or technologies to Iran that are likely to be used 
              to commit human rights abuses.''.

[[Page S3649]]

     SEC. 404. IMPOSITION OF SANCTIONS WITH RESPECT TO PERSONS WHO 
                   ENGAGE IN CENSORSHIP OR OTHER RELATED 
                   ACTIVITIES AGAINST CITIZENS OF IRAN.

       (a) In General.--The Comprehensive Iran Sanctions, 
     Accountability, and Divestment Act of 2010 (22 U.S.C. 8501 et 
     seq.), as amended by section 401, is further amended by 
     inserting after section 105A the following:

     ``SEC. 105B. IMPOSITION OF SANCTIONS WITH RESPECT TO PERSONS 
                   WHO ENGAGE IN CENSORSHIP OR OTHER RELATED 
                   ACTIVITIES AGAINST CITIZENS OF IRAN.

       ``(a) In General.--The President shall impose sanctions 
     described in section 105(c) with respect to each person on 
     the list required by subsection (b).
       ``(b) List of Persons Who Engage in Censorship.--
       ``(1) In general.--Not later than 90 days after the date of 
     the enactment of the Iran Sanctions, Accountability, and 
     Human Rights Act of 2012, the President shall submit to the 
     appropriate congressional committees a list of persons that 
     the President determines have, on or after June 12, 2009, 
     engaged in censorship or other activities that--
       ``(A) prohibit, limit, or penalize the exercise of freedom 
     of expression or assembly by citizens of Iran; or
       ``(B) limit access to print or broadcast media, including 
     the facilitation or support of intentional frequency 
     manipulation by the Government of Iran that would jam or 
     restrict an international signal or the failure to prohibit 
     intentional frequency manipulation by the Government of Iran 
     that would jam or restrict an international signal by 
     satellite service providers that provide satellite services 
     to the Government of Iran or an entity owned or controlled by 
     the Government of Iran.
       ``(2) Updates of list.--The President shall submit to the 
     appropriate congressional committees an updated list under 
     paragraph (1)--
       ``(A) each time the President is required to submit an 
     updated list to those committees under section 105(b)(2)(A); 
     and
       ``(B) as new information becomes available.
       ``(3) Form of report; public availability.--
       ``(A) Form.--The list required by paragraph (1) shall be 
     submitted in unclassified form but may contain a classified 
     annex.
       ``(B) Public availability.--The unclassified portion of the 
     list required by paragraph (1) shall be made available to the 
     public and posted on the websites of the Department of the 
     Treasury and the Department of State.''.
       (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of contents for the 
     Comprehensive Iran Sanctions, Accountability, and Divestment 
     Act of 2010, as amended by section 401, is further amended by 
     inserting after the item relating to section 105A the 
     following:

``Sec. 105B. Imposition of sanctions with respect to persons who engage 
              in censorship or other related activities against 
              citizens of Iran.''.
       (c) Conforming Amendments.--Section 401(b)(1) of the 
     Comprehensive Iran Sanctions, Accountability, and Divestment 
     Act of 2010 (22 U.S.C. 8551(b)(1)) is amended--
       (1) by inserting ``, 105A(a), or 105B(a)'' after 
     ``105(a)''; and
       (2) by inserting ``, 105A(b), or 105B(b)'' after 
     ``105(b)''.

    Subtitle B--Additional Measures to Promote Human Rights in Iran

     SEC. 411. EXPEDITED CONSIDERATION OF REQUESTS FOR 
                   AUTHORIZATION OF CERTAIN HUMAN RIGHTS-, 
                   HUMANITARIAN-, AND DEMOCRACY-RELATED ACTIVITIES 
                   WITH RESPECT TO IRAN.

       (a) Requirement.--The Office of Foreign Assets Control, in 
     consultation with the Department of State, shall establish an 
     expedited process for the consideration of complete requests 
     for authorization to engage in human rights-, humanitarian-, 
     or democracy-related activities relating to Iran that are 
     submitted by--
       (1) entities receiving funds from the Department of State 
     to engage in the proposed activity;
       (2) the Broadcasting Board of Governors; and
       (3) other appropriate agencies of the United States 
     Government.
       (b) Procedures.--Requests for authorization under 
     subsection (a) shall be submitted to the Office of Foreign 
     Assets Control in conformance with the agency's regulations, 
     including section 501.801 of title 31, Code of Federal 
     Regulations (commonly known as the Reporting, Procedures and 
     Penalties Regulations). Applicants must fully disclose the 
     parties to the transactions as well as describe the 
     activities to be undertaken. License applications involving 
     the exportation or reexportation of goods, technology, or 
     software to Iran must provide a copy of an official Commodity 
     Classification issued by the Department of Commerce, Bureau 
     of Industry and Security, as part of the license application.
       (c) Foreign Policy Review.--The Department of State shall 
     complete a foreign policy review of a request for 
     authorization under subsection (a) not later than 30 days 
     after the request is referred to the Department by the Office 
     of Foreign Assets Control.
       (d) License Determinations.--License determinations for 
     complete requests for authorization under subsection (a) 
     shall be made not later than 90 days after receipt by the 
     Office of Foreign Assets Control, with the following 
     exceptions:
       (1) Any requests involving the exportation or reexportation 
     to Iran of goods, technology, or software listed on the 
     Commerce Control List maintained pursuant to part 774 of the 
     Export Administration Regulations shall be processed in a 
     manner consistent with the Iran-Iraq Arms Non-Proliferation 
     Act of 1992 (title XVI of Public Law 102 484) and other 
     applicable provisions of law.
       (2) Any other requests presenting novel or extraordinary 
     circumstances.
       (e) Regulations.--The Secretary of the Treasury may 
     prescribe such regulations as are appropriate to carry out 
     this section.

     SEC. 412. COMPREHENSIVE STRATEGY TO PROMOTE INTERNET FREEDOM 
                   AND ACCESS TO INFORMATION IN IRAN.

       Not later than 90 days after the date of the enactment of 
     this Act, the President shall submit to the appropriate 
     congressional committees a comprehensive strategy developed 
     in consultation with the Department of State, the Department 
     of the Treasury, and other Federal agencies, as appropriate, 
     to--
       (1) assist the people of Iran to produce, access, and share 
     information freely and safely via the Internet, including in 
     Farsi and regional languages;
       (2) support the development of counter-censorship 
     technologies that enable the citizens of Iran to undertake 
     Internet activities without interference from the Government 
     of Iran;
       (3) increase the capabilities and availability of secure 
     communications through connective technology among human 
     rights and democracy activists in Iran;
       (4) provide resources for digital safety training for media 
     and academic and civil society organizations in Iran;
       (5) provide accurate and substantive Internet content in 
     local languages in Iran;
       (6) increase emergency resources for the most vulnerable 
     human rights advocates seeking to organize, share 
     information, and support human rights in Iran;
       (7) expand surrogate radio, television, live stream, and 
     social network communications inside Iran, including Voice of 
     America's Persian News Network and Radio Free Europe/Radio 
     Liberty's Radio Farda, to provide hourly live news update 
     programming and breaking news coverage capability 24 hours a 
     day and 7 days a week;
       (8) expand activities to safely assist and train human 
     rights, civil society, and democracy activists in Iran to 
     operate effectively and securely;
       (9) identify and utilize all available resources to 
     overcome attempts by the Government of Iran to jam or 
     otherwise deny international satellite broadcasting signals; 
     and
       (10) expand worldwide United States embassy and consulate 
     programming for and outreach to Iranian dissident 
     communities.

     SEC. 413. SENSE OF CONGRESS ON POLITICAL PRISONERS.

       It is the sense of Congress that--
       (1) the Secretary of State should support efforts to 
     research and identify prisoners of conscience and cases of 
     human rights abuses in Iran;
       (2) the United States Government should--
       (A) offer refugee status or political asylum in the United 
     States to political dissidents in Iran if requested and 
     consistent with the laws and national security interests of 
     the United States; and
       (B) offer to assist, through the United Nations High 
     Commissioner for Refugees, with the relocation of such 
     political prisoners to other countries if requested, as 
     appropriate and with appropriate consideration for United 
     States national security interests; and
       (3) the Secretary of State should publicly call for the 
     release of Iranian dissidents by name and raise awareness 
     with respect to individual cases of Iranian dissidents and 
     prisoners of conscience, as appropriate and if requested by 
     the dissidents or prisoners themselves or their families.

                         TITLE V--MISCELLANEOUS

     SEC. 501. EXCLUSION OF CITIZENS OF IRAN SEEKING EDUCATION 
                   RELATING TO THE NUCLEAR AND ENERGY SECTORS OF 
                   IRAN.

       (a) In General.--The Secretary of State shall deny a visa 
     to, and the Secretary of Homeland Security shall exclude from 
     the United States, any alien who is a citizen of Iran that 
     the Secretary of State determines seeks to enter the United 
     States to participate in coursework at an institution of 
     higher education (as defined in section 101(a) of the Higher 
     Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 1001(a))) to prepare the 
     alien for a career in the energy sector of Iran or in nuclear 
     science or nuclear engineering or a related field in Iran.
       (b) Applicability.--Subsection (a) applies with respect to 
     visa applications filed on or after the date of the enactment 
     of this Act.

     SEC. 502. TECHNICAL CORRECTION.

       (a) In General.--Section 1245(d)(2) of the National Defense 
     Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2012 (Public Law 112 81) is 
     amended--
       (1) in the paragraph heading, by inserting ``agricultural 
     commodities,'' after ``sales of''; and
       (2) in the text, by inserting ``agricultural commodities,'' 
     after ``sale of''.
       (b) Effective Date.--The amendments made by subsection (a) 
     shall take effect as if included in the National Defense 
     Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2012 (Public Law 112 81).

     SEC. 503. INTERESTS IN CERTAIN FINANCIAL ASSETS OF IRAN.

       (a) Interests in Blocked Assets.--Notwithstanding any other 
     provision of law, including any provision of law relating to 
     sovereign immunity, and preempting any inconsistent provision 
     of State law, a financial asset that is--
       (1) property in the United States of a foreign securities 
     intermediary doing business in the United States,
       (2) a blocked asset (whether or not subsequently unblocked) 
     that is property described in subsection (b), and
       (3) equal in value to a financial asset of Iran, including 
     an asset of the central bank or monetary authority of the 
     Government of Iran or any agency or instrumentality of that 
     Government,

[[Page S3650]]

     that such foreign securities intermediary or a related 
     intermediary holds abroad,
     shall be available for all attachments and other proceedings 
     in aid of execution, with respect to judgments entered 
     against Iran for damages for personal injury or death caused 
     by an act of torture, extrajudicial killing, aircraft 
     sabotage, or hostage-taking, or the provision of material 
     support or resources for such an act.
       (b) Property Described.--Property described in this 
     subsection is property that is identified in and the subject 
     of proceedings in the United States District Court for the 
     Southern District of New York in Peterson et al. v. Islamic 
     Republic of Iran et al., Case No. 10 Civ. 4518 (BSJ) (GWG).
       (c) Rule of Construction.--Nothing in this section shall be 
     construed to affect the availability, or lack thereof, of a 
     right to satisfy a judgment in any other action against a 
     terrorist party in any proceedings other than proceedings 
     referred to in subsection (b).
       (d) Definitions.--In this section:
       (1) Blocked asset.--The term ``blocked asset''--
       (A) means any asset seized or frozen by the United States 
     under section 5(b) of the Trading With the Enemy Act (50 
     U.S.C. App. 5(b)) or under section 202 or 203 of the 
     International Emergency Economic Powers Act (50 U.S.C. 1701 
     and 1702); and
       (B) does not include property that--
       (i) is subject to a license issued by the United States 
     Government for final payment, transfer, or disposition by or 
     to a person subject to the jurisdiction of the United States 
     in connection with a transaction for which the issuance of 
     the license has been specifically required by a provision of 
     law other than the International Emergency Economic Powers 
     Act (50 U.S.C. 1701 et seq.) or the United Nations 
     Participation Act of 1945 (22 U.S.C. 287 et seq.); or
       (ii) is property subject to the Vienna Convention on 
     Diplomatic Relations or the Vienna Convention on Consular 
     Relations, or that enjoys equivalent privileges and 
     immunities under the laws of the United States, and is being 
     used exclusively for diplomatic or consular purposes.
       (2) Financial asset; securities intermediary.--The terms 
     ``financial asset'' and ``securities intermediary'' have the 
     meanings given those terms in the Uniform Commercial Code, 
     but the former includes cash.
       (3) Iran.--The term ``Iran'' means the Government of Iran, 
     including the central bank or monetary authority of that 
     Government and any agency or instrumentality of that 
     Government.
       (4) Person.--
       (A) In general.--The term ``person'' means an individual or 
     entity.
       (B) Entity.--The term ``entity'' means a partnership, 
     association, trust, joint venture, corporation, group, 
     subgroup, or other organization.
       (5) Terrorist party.--The term ``terrorist party'' has the 
     meaning given that term in section 201(d) of the Terrorism 
     Risk Insurance Act of 2002 (28 U.S.C. 1610 note).
       (6) United states.--The term ``United States'' includes all 
     territory and waters, continental, or insular, subject to the 
     jurisdiction of the United States.

     SEC. 504. REPORT ON MEMBERSHIP OF IRAN IN INTERNATIONAL 
                   ORGANIZATIONS.

       Not later than 180 days after the date of the enactment of 
     this Act, and annually thereafter not later than September 1, 
     the Secretary of State shall submit to Congress a report 
     listing the international organizations of which Iran is a 
     member and detailing the amount that the United States 
     contributes to each such organization on an annual basis.

     SEC. 505. INCREASED CAPACITY FOR EFFORTS TO COMBAT UNLAWFUL 
                   OR TERRORIST FINANCING.

       (a) Authorization of Appropriations for Office of Terrorism 
     and Financial Intelligence and Bureau of Industry and 
     Security.--Section 109 of the Comprehensive Iran Sanctions, 
     Accountability, and Divestment Act of 2010 (22 U.S.C. 8517) 
     is amended--
       (1) in subsection (b)(2), by striking ``and 2013'' and 
     inserting ``through 2016''; and
       (2) in subsection (d)(2), by striking ``and 2013'' and 
     inserting ``through 2016''.
       (b) Authorization of Appropriations for Financial Crimes 
     Enforcement Network.--Section 310(d)(1) of title 31, United 
     States Code, is amended by striking ``and 2013'' and 
     inserting ``through 2016''.

                      TITLE VI--GENERAL PROVISIONS

     SEC. 601. TECHNICAL IMPLEMENTATION; PENALTIES.

       (a) Implementation.--The President may exercise all 
     authorities provided under sections 203 and 205 of the 
     International Emergency Economic Powers Act (50 U.S.C. 1702 
     and 1704) to carry out--
       (1) sections 211, 213, and 216, subtitle A of title III, 
     and title VII of this Act; and
       (2) sections 105A and 105B of the Comprehensive Iran 
     Sanctions, Accountability, and Divestment Act of 2010, as 
     added by subtitle A of title IV of this Act.
       (b) Penalties.--
       (1) In general.--The penalties provided for in subsections 
     (b) and (c) of section 206 of the International Emergency 
     Economic Powers Act (50 U.S.C. 1705) shall apply to a person 
     that violates, attempts to violate, conspires to violate, or 
     causes a violation of a provision specified in paragraph (2) 
     of this subsection, or an order or regulation prescribed 
     under such a provision, to the same extent that such 
     penalties apply to a person that commits an unlawful act 
     described in section 206(a) of that Act.
       (2) Provisions specified.--The provisions specified in this 
     paragraph are the following:
       (A) Sections 211 and 216, subtitle A of title III, and 
     title VII of this Act.
       (B) Sections 105A and 105B of the Comprehensive Iran 
     Sanctions, Accountability, and Divestment Act of 2010, as 
     added by subtitle A of title IV of this Act.

     SEC. 602. APPLICABILITY TO CERTAIN INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES.

       Nothing in this Act or the amendments made by this Act 
     shall apply to the authorized intelligence activities of the 
     United States.

     SEC. 603. RULE OF CONSTRUCTION WITH RESPECT TO USE OF FORCE 
                   AGAINST IRAN AND SYRIA.

       Nothing in this Act or the amendments made by this Act 
     shall be construed as a declaration of war or an 
     authorization of the use of force against Iran or Syria.

     SEC. 604. TERMINATION.

       The provisions of sections 211, 213, 215, 216, 217, and 
     501, title I, and subtitle A of title III shall terminate on 
     the date that is 30 days after the date on which the 
     President makes the certification described in section 401(a) 
     of the Comprehensive Iran Sanctions, Accountability, and 
     Divestment Act of 2010 (22 U.S.C. 8551(a)).

   TITLE VII--SANCTIONS WITH RESPECT TO HUMAN RIGHTS ABUSES IN SYRIA

     SEC. 701. SHORT TITLE.

       This title may be cited as the ``Syria Human Rights 
     Accountability Act of 2012''.

     SEC. 702. IMPOSITION OF SANCTIONS WITH RESPECT TO CERTAIN 
                   PERSONS WHO ARE RESPONSIBLE FOR OR COMPLICIT IN 
                   HUMAN RIGHTS ABUSES COMMITTED AGAINST CITIZENS 
                   OF SYRIA OR THEIR FAMILY MEMBERS.

       (a) In General.--The President shall impose sanctions 
     described in subsection (c) with respect to each person on 
     the list required by subsection (b).
       (b) List of Persons Who Are Responsible for or Complicit in 
     Certain Human Rights Abuses.--
       (1) In general.--Not later than 90 days after the date of 
     the enactment of this Act, the President shall submit to the 
     appropriate congressional committees a list of persons who 
     are officials of the Government of Syria or persons acting on 
     behalf of that Government that the President determines, 
     based on credible evidence, are responsible for or complicit 
     in, or responsible for ordering, controlling, or otherwise 
     directing, the commission of serious human rights abuses 
     against citizens of Syria or their family members, regardless 
     of whether such abuses occurred in Syria.
       (2) Updates of list.--The President shall submit to the 
     appropriate congressional committees an updated list under 
     paragraph (1)--
       (A) not later than 270 days after the date of the enactment 
     of this Act and every 180 days thereafter; and
       (B) as new information becomes available.
       (3) Form of report; public availability.--
       (A) Form.--The list required by paragraph (1) shall be 
     submitted in unclassified form but may contain a classified 
     annex.
       (B) Public availability.--The unclassified portion of the 
     list required by paragraph (1) shall be made available to the 
     public and posted on the websites of the Department of the 
     Treasury and the Department of State.
       (4) Consideration of data from other countries and 
     nongovernmental organizations.--In preparing the list 
     required by paragraph (1), the President shall consider 
     credible data already obtained by other countries and 
     nongovernmental organizations, including organizations in 
     Syria, that monitor the human rights abuses of the Government 
     of Syria.
       (c) Sanctions Described.--The sanctions described in this 
     subsection are sanctions pursuant to the International 
     Emergency Economic Powers Act (50 U.S.C. 1701 et seq.), 
     including blocking of property and restrictions or 
     prohibitions on financial transactions and the exportation 
     and importation of property, subject to such regulations as 
     the President may prescribe.

     SEC. 703. IMPOSITION OF SANCTIONS WITH RESPECT TO THE 
                   TRANSFER OF GOODS OR TECHNOLOGIES TO SYRIA THAT 
                   ARE LIKELY TO BE USED TO COMMIT HUMAN RIGHTS 
                   ABUSES.

       (a) In General.--The President shall impose sanctions 
     described in section 702(c) with respect to--
       (1) each person on the list required by subsection (b); and
       (2) any person that--
       (A) is a successor entity to a person on the list;
       (B) owns or controls a person on the list, if the person 
     that owns or controls the person on the list had actual 
     knowledge or should have known that the person on the list 
     engaged in the activity described in subsection (b)(2) for 
     which the person was included in the list; or
       (C) is owned or controlled by, or under common ownership or 
     control with, the person on the list, if the person owned or 
     controlled by, or under common ownership or control with (as 
     the case may be), the person on the list knowingly engaged in 
     the activity described in subsection (b)(2) for which the 
     person was included in the list.
       (b) List.--
       (1) In general.--Not later than 90 days after the date of 
     the enactment of this Act, the President shall submit to the 
     appropriate congressional committees a list of persons that 
     the President determines have knowingly engaged in an 
     activity described in paragraph (2) on or after such date of 
     enactment.
       (2) Activity described.--
       (A) In general.--A person engages in an activity described 
     in this paragraph if the person--
       (i) transfers, or facilitates the transfer of, goods or 
     technologies described in subparagraph (C) to Syria; or
       (ii) provides services with respect to goods or 
     technologies described in subparagraph (C) after such goods 
     or technologies are transferred to Syria.

[[Page S3651]]

       (B) Applicability to contracts and other agreements.--A 
     person engages in an activity described in subparagraph (A) 
     without regard to whether the activity is carried out 
     pursuant to a contract or other agreement entered into 
     before, on, or after the date of the enactment of this Act.
       (C) Goods or technologies described.--Goods or technologies 
     described in this subparagraph are goods or technologies that 
     the President determines are likely to be used by the 
     Government of Syria or any of its agencies or 
     instrumentalities to commit human rights abuses against the 
     people of Syria, including--
       (i) firearms or ammunition (as those terms are defined in 
     section 921 of title 18, United States Code), rubber bullets, 
     police batons, pepper or chemical sprays, stun grenades, 
     electroshock weapons, tear gas, water cannons, or 
     surveillance technology; or
       (ii) sensitive technology.
       (D) Sensitive technology defined.--
       (i) In general.--For purposes of subparagraph (C), the term 
     ``sensitive technology'' means hardware, software, 
     telecommunications equipment, or any other technology, that 
     the President determines is to be used specifically--

       (I) to restrict the free flow of unbiased information in 
     Syria; or
       (II) to disrupt, monitor, or otherwise restrict speech of 
     the people of Syria.

       (ii) Exception.--The term ``sensitive technology'' does not 
     include information or informational materials the 
     exportation of which the President does not have the 
     authority to regulate or prohibit pursuant to section 
     203(b)(3) of the International Emergency Economic Powers Act 
     (50 U.S.C. 1702(b)(3)).
       (3) Special rule to allow for termination of sanctionable 
     activity.--The President shall not be required to include a 
     person on the list required by paragraph (1) if the President 
     certifies in writing to the appropriate congressional 
     committees that--
       (A) the person is no longer engaging in, or has taken 
     significant verifiable steps toward stopping, the activity 
     described in paragraph (2) for which the President would 
     otherwise have included the person on the list; and
       (B) the President has received reliable assurances that the 
     person will not knowingly engage in any activity described in 
     paragraph (2) in the future.
       (4) Updates of list.--The President shall submit to the 
     appropriate congressional committees an updated list under 
     paragraph (1)--
       (A) not later than 270 days after the date of the enactment 
     of this Act and every 180 days thereafter; and
       (B) as new information becomes available.
       (5) Form of report; public availability.--
       (A) Form.--The list required by paragraph (1) shall be 
     submitted in unclassified form but may contain a classified 
     annex.
       (B) Public availability.--The unclassified portion of the 
     list required by paragraph (1) shall be made available to the 
     public and posted on the websites of the Department of the 
     Treasury and the Department of State.

     SEC. 704. IMPOSITION OF SANCTIONS WITH RESPECT TO PERSONS WHO 
                   ENGAGE IN CENSORSHIP OR OTHER FORMS OF 
                   REPRESSION IN SYRIA.

       (a) In General.--The President shall impose sanctions 
     described in section 702(c) with respect to each person on 
     the list required by subsection (b).
       (b) List of Persons Who Engage in Censorship.--
       (1) In general.--Not later than 90 days after the date of 
     the enactment of this Act, the President shall submit to the 
     appropriate congressional committees a list of persons that 
     the President determines have engaged in censorship, or 
     activities relating to censorship, in a manner that 
     prohibits, limits, or penalizes the legitimate exercise of 
     freedom of expression by citizens of Syria.
       (2) Updates of list.--The President shall submit to the 
     appropriate congressional committees an updated list under 
     paragraph (1)--
       (A) not later than 270 days after the date of the enactment 
     of this Act and every 180 days thereafter; and
       (B) as new information becomes available.
       (3) Form of report; public availability.--
       (A) Form.--The list required by paragraph (1) shall be 
     submitted in unclassified form but may contain a classified 
     annex.
       (B) Public availability.--The unclassified portion of the 
     list required by paragraph (1) shall be made available to the 
     public and posted on the websites of the Department of the 
     Treasury and the Department of State.

     SEC. 705. WAIVER.

       The President may waive the requirement to include a person 
     on a list required by section 702, 703, or 704 or to impose 
     sanctions pursuant to any such section if the President--
       (1) determines that such a waiver is in the national 
     security interests of the United States; and
       (2) submits to the appropriate congressional committees a 
     report on the reasons for that determination.

     SEC. 706. TERMINATION.

       (a) In General.--The provisions of this title and any 
     sanctions imposed pursuant to this title shall terminate on 
     the date on which the President submits to the appropriate 
     congressional committees--
       (1) the certification described in subsection (b); and
       (2) a certification that--
       (A) the Government of Syria is democratically elected and 
     representative of the people of Syria; or
       (B) a legitimate transitional government of Syria is in 
     place.
       (b) Certification Described.--A certification described in 
     this subsection is a certification by the President that the 
     Government of Syria--
       (1) has unconditionally released all political prisoners;
       (2) has ceased its practices of violence, unlawful 
     detention, torture, and abuse of citizens of Syria engaged in 
     peaceful political activity;
       (3) has ceased its practice of procuring sensitive 
     technology designed to restrict the free flow of unbiased 
     information in Syria, or to disrupt, monitor, or otherwise 
     restrict the right of citizens of Syria to freedom of 
     expression;
       (4) has ceased providing support for foreign terrorist 
     organizations and no longer allows such organizations, 
     including Hamas, Hezbollah, and Palestinian Islamic Jihad, to 
     maintain facilities in territory under the control of the 
     Government of Syria; and
       (5) has ceased the development and deployment of medium- 
     and long-range surface-to-surface ballistic missiles;
       (6) is not pursuing or engaged in the research, 
     development, acquisition, production, transfer, or deployment 
     of biological, chemical, or nuclear weapons, and has provided 
     credible assurances that it will not engage in such 
     activities in the future; and
       (7) has agreed to allow the United Nations and other 
     international observers to verify that the Government of 
     Syria is not engaging in such activities and to assess the 
     credibility of the assurances provided by that Government.
       (c) Suspension of Sanctions After Election of Democratic 
     Government.--If the President submits to the appropriate 
     congressional committees the certification described in 
     subsection (a)(2), the President may suspend the provisions 
     of this title and any sanctions imposed under this title for 
     not more than one year to allow time for a certification 
     described in subsection (b) to be submitted.

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