BORDER SECURITY, ECONOMIC OPPORTUNITY, AND IMMIGRATION MODERNIZATION ACT--Continued
(Senate - June 27, 2013)

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[Pages S5329-S5475]
From the Congressional Record Online through the Government Publishing Office [www.gpo.gov]




 BORDER SECURITY, ECONOMIC OPPORTUNITY, AND IMMIGRATION MODERNIZATION 
                             ACT--Continued


                Amendments Nos. 1552 and 1553 Withdrawn

  The PRESIDING OFFICER. Under the previous order, the pending 
amendments Nos. 1552 and 1553 are withdrawn.
  The majority leader.
  Mr. REID. Madam President, the pending business, then, is the 
committee-reported substitute amendment, with all postcloture time 
having been expired; is that correct?
  The PRESIDING OFFICER. The Senator is correct.
  Mr. REID. I raise a point of order that the Reed of Rhode Island 
amendment is no longer in order due to the adoption of the amendment 
No. 1183.

[[Page S5330]]

  The PRESIDING OFFICER. The point of order is well taken. The 
amendment falls.
  Mr. REID. I raise a point of order that the Cruz amendment is also no 
longer in order.
  The PRESIDING OFFICER. The point of order is well taken. The 
amendment falls.
  Mr. REID. I raise a point of order that the Boxer amendment is also 
no longer in order.
  The PRESIDING OFFICER. The point of order is well taken. The 
amendment falls.
  Mr. REID. I ask unanimous consent that the next two votes be 10 
minutes in duration.
  The PRESIDING OFFICER. Is there objection?
  Without objection, it is so ordered.
  Mr. REID. Madam President, during these votes we are going to try to 
work out a time to finish our work today. As I mentioned earlier today, 
whenever we have the final vote--whether it is tomorrow afternoon or, 
if we can work something out, today--I want everyone to be here a few 
minutes before the time expires so we can start the vote. The vote will 
not start until Senators are in their assigned seats. If they are not 
here, we will have a live quorum, and all that will do is slow things 
up. And we are going to do that.
  This legislation has been worked on for many years. We have people 
who believe strongly in this legislation and people who don't. It is a 
very important piece of legislation. It is historic in nature, and we 
should be here to vote, and we are going to be here in our chairs to 
vote. We don't have a time worked out yet. We are going to do our best. 
As my friend the ranking member said, we would like it sooner rather 
than later, but we can't get that unless everybody agrees to a time.
  The PRESIDING OFFICER. Under the previous order, all postcloture time 
is expired.
  The question is on agreeing to the committee-reported substitute, as 
amended.
  Mr. WICKER. I ask for the yeas and nays.
  The PRESIDING OFFICER. Is there a sufficient second?
  There appears to be a sufficient second.
  The clerk will call the roll.
  The bill clerk called the roll.
  The result was announced--yeas 68, nays 32, as follows:

                      [Rollcall Vote No. 166 Leg.]

                                YEAS--68

     Alexander
     Ayotte
     Baldwin
     Baucus
     Begich
     Bennet
     Blumenthal
     Boxer
     Brown
     Cantwell
     Cardin
     Carper
     Casey
     Chiesa
     Collins
     Coons
     Corker
     Cowan
     Donnelly
     Durbin
     Feinstein
     Flake
     Franken
     Gillibrand
     Graham
     Hagan
     Harkin
     Hatch
     Heinrich
     Heitkamp
     Heller
     Hirono
     Hoeven
     Johnson (SD)
     Kaine
     King
     Kirk
     Klobuchar
     Landrieu
     Leahy
     Levin
     Manchin
     McCain
     McCaskill
     Menendez
     Merkley
     Mikulski
     Murkowski
     Murphy
     Murray
     Nelson
     Pryor
     Reed
     Reid
     Rockefeller
     Rubio
     Sanders
     Schatz
     Schumer
     Shaheen
     Stabenow
     Tester
     Udall (CO)
     Udall (NM)
     Warner
     Warren
     Whitehouse
     Wyden

                                NAYS--32

     Barrasso
     Blunt
     Boozman
     Burr
     Chambliss
     Coats
     Coburn
     Cochran
     Cornyn
     Crapo
     Cruz
     Enzi
     Fischer
     Grassley
     Inhofe
     Isakson
     Johanns
     Johnson (WI)
     Lee
     McConnell
     Moran
     Paul
     Portman
     Risch
     Roberts
     Scott
     Sessions
     Shelby
     Thune
     Toomey
     Vitter
     Wicker
  The committee amendment in the nature of a substitute, as amended, 
was agreed to.


                             cloture motion

  The PRESIDING OFFICER. Under the previous order and pursuant to rule 
XXII, the clerk will report the motion to invoke cloture.
  The legislative clerk read as follows:

                             Cloture Motion

       We, the undersigned Senators, in accordance with the 
     provisions of rule XXII of the Standing Rules of the Senate, 
     hereby move to bring to a close debate on S. 744, a bill to 
     provide for comprehensive immigration reform, and for other 
     purposes.
         Harry Reid, Patrick J. Leahy, Michael F. Bennet, Charles 
           E. Schumer, Richard J. Durbin, Robert Menendez, Dianne 
           Feinstein, Sheldon Whitehouse, Patty Murray, Debbie 
           Stabenow, Robert P. Casey, Jr., Mark R. Warner, Thomas 
           R. Carper, Richard Blumenthal, Angus S. King, Jr., 
           Christopher A. Coons, Christopher Murphy.

  The PRESIDING OFFICER. By unanimous consent, the mandatory quorum 
call has been waived.
  The question is, Is it the sense of the Senate that debate on S. 744, 
a bill to provide for comprehensive immigration reform and for other 
purposes, shall be brought to a close?
  The yeas and nays are mandatory under this rule.
  The clerk will call the roll.
  The legislative clerk called the roll.
  The yeas and nays resulted--yeas 68, nays 32, as follows:

                      [Rollcall Vote No. 167 Leg.]

                                YEAS--68

     Alexander
     Ayotte
     Baldwin
     Baucus
     Begich
     Bennet
     Blumenthal
     Boxer
     Brown
     Cantwell
     Cardin
     Carper
     Casey
     Chiesa
     Collins
     Coons
     Corker
     Cowan
     Donnelly
     Durbin
     Feinstein
     Flake
     Franken
     Gillibrand
     Graham
     Hagan
     Harkin
     Hatch
     Heinrich
     Heitkamp
     Heller
     Hirono
     Hoeven
     Johnson (SD)
     Kaine
     King
     Kirk
     Klobuchar
     Landrieu
     Leahy
     Levin
     Manchin
     McCain
     McCaskill
     Menendez
     Merkley
     Mikulski
     Murkowski
     Murphy
     Murray
     Nelson
     Pryor
     Reed
     Reid
     Rockefeller
     Rubio
     Sanders
     Schatz
     Schumer
     Shaheen
     Stabenow
     Tester
     Udall (CO)
     Udall (NM)
     Warner
     Warren
     Whitehouse
     Wyden

                                NAYS--32

     Barrasso
     Blunt
     Boozman
     Burr
     Chambliss
     Coats
     Coburn
     Cochran
     Cornyn
     Crapo
     Cruz
     Enzi
     Fischer
     Grassley
     Inhofe
     Isakson
     Johanns
     Johnson (WI)
     Lee
     McConnell
     Moran
     Paul
     Portman
     Risch
     Roberts
     Scott
     Sessions
     Shelby
     Thune
     Toomey
     Vitter
     Wicker
  The PRESIDING OFFICER. On this vote, the yeas are 68, the nays are 
32. Three-fifths of the Senators duly chosen and sworn having voted in 
the affirmative, the motion is agreed to.


                                  Tanf

  Mr. BAUCUS. Madam President, on July 12, 2012, the Department of 
Health and Human Services, HHS announced a new initiative to allow 
States to experiment under the temporary assistance for needy families, 
TANF, block grant. The HHS initiative would waive some Federal 
requirements for qualifying states and instead allow them to develop 
and use ``alternative and innovative strategies, policies, and 
procedures that are designed to improve employment outcomes for needy 
families.'' States would be required to improve employment by 20 
percent in order to keep one of these waivers. Some of my colleagues 
object to this approach.
  I was a supporter of 1996 welfare reform and stand by the tenets of 
that reform. However, it has been seventeen years since that debate on 
welfare produced the TANF program. We would not expect a car to run for 
17 years without maintenance. It is time to tune-up our Nation's 
antipoverty program. It is time to take a look under the hood.
  In the past, TANF has provided crucial benefits to struggling 
Americans. As poverty rates for women and children increase, it is 
vital to ensure our programs are adequately meeting the needs of this 
vulnerable population. The Congressional Research Service estimates 
that in 1995 over 14 million children were living in poverty. After 
welfare reform, the number of kids living in poverty decreased to about 
11 million by 2000. Since then, these gains have been eroded. There 
were over 13 million kids in poverty by the start of the recession in 
2007. Now there are over 16 million children in desperate need of 
assistance. These numbers do not indicate a healthy safety net. We must 
ensure that disadvantaged women and children continue to have access to 
the vital resources they need.
  In 2005, after several attempts to pass a TANF reauthorization bill 
in ``regular order,'' the TANF program was reauthorized as part of the 
Deficit Reduction Act. But it was not the comprehensive bipartisan TANF 
reauthorization voted out of the Finance Committee. Rather, it was a 
slimmed-down version placed in a budget reconciliation bill that 
focused on tightening up the work standards and adding grants for 
marriage promotion and responsible

[[Page S5331]]

fatherhood. Furthermore, the reauthorization was solely written by 
Republicans without any Democratic input.
  I have nothing but the utmost respect for my distinguished colleague 
for Utah. I share in my colleague's strong belief that work is 
honorable and that it should be a cornerstone of our welfare system.
  While I certainly share in my colleague from Utah's concern over the 
unilateral waiver of legislative requirements, I am also a strong 
supporter of finding ways to improve Federal programs. I agree with the 
administration that innovation often comes from our partners in the 
States. As chairman of the Finance Committee, I have provided Montana 
and the other 49 States numerous opportunities to take initiative and 
improve our programs. Justice Louis Brandeis said, ``It is one of the 
happy incidents of the federal system that a single courageous state 
may serve as a laboratory, and try novel social and economic 
experiments without risk to the rest of the country.'' Giving the 50 
States an opportunity to experiment and improve on Federal programs 
allows us to determine what works and what doesn't.
  Allowing our States to have the flexibility to increase their work 
rates by 20 percent is a noble goal that improves the very foundation 
of our welfare system. I understand that there are concerns about how 
the 20 percent is calculated. However, the goal of increasing 
employment is my highest priority, a goal that I believe is shared by 
my friend from Utah.
  No matter how noble the goal, I agree that there are better ways to 
go about making improvements to the TANF program than bypassing the 
Congress. The Finance Committee has jurisdiction over the TANF program. 
As a committee, we have never shirked our legislative responsibilities 
and could have been engaged in a more productive manner.
  However, this impasse around TANF waivers has prevented productive 
dialog on the needs of this Nation's most vulnerable women and children 
for almost a year. It is time to get back to business. I am willing to 
work with Senator Hatch to end this impasse. The American people 
deserve our best attention on getting people jobs that will support 
their families.
  With an eye toward reform, I asked the Government Accountability 
Office, GAO, to evaluate TANF. Since 1996, the number of families 
served by federal welfare programs has dropped from 3.9 million to 1.9 
million in 2010. The GAO noted that this decline was not due to an 
increase in income but a decline in participation. GAO noted that 
States have erected increasingly more stringent barriers, making it 
difficult for families and children to qualify for TANF.
  The GAO also noted that current policies may be discouraging States 
from preparing difficult-to-serve families for the road back to work 
through TANF. Some options suggested for serving families with complex 
needs include adjustments to state requirements and a focus on 
employment outcomes. We may need to make some modest changes to ensure 
that the program runs smoothly, our tax dollars are spent efficiently, 
and that we provide a useful safety net for Americans.
  A safety net that encourages and inspires resiliency in the face of 
hardship is crucial to our growth and success. We have worked together 
to provide States with the opportunity to find solutions while 
maintaining rigorous standards in the child welfare programs. 
Continuing this trend is important, even more so when it involves 
lifting families out of poverty. We have had a strong bipartisan 
relationship on the Finance Committee, and I look forward to working 
with the ranking member to improve our welfare system.
  Women should not be faced with the hard choices like staying in 
abusive relationships in order to provide for their kids or leaving 
their children with less than trustworthy guardians to find a job. We 
can do better. Input from the administration, States, and other 
stakeholders on what they think might improve the program is welcome 
and needed. I am looking forward to working with my colleague from Utah 
on a legislative solution that improves the TANF program in real ways 
for women and children.
  Mr. HATCH. Madam President, last July, in an unprecedented over-reach 
of executive authority, the Obama administration violated congressional 
intent and breached over a decade of precedence by granting themselves 
the authority to waive critical Federal work requirements.
  As ranking member of the Senate Finance Committee, which has 
jurisdiction over the temporary assistance for needy families, or TANF, 
I strongly opposed this effort of the Executive branch to bypass the 
legislative branch of government.
  It is the sole responsibility of the Senate Finance Committee to 
develop, debate, and enact changes to the TANF programs.
  The TANF programs have not been fully reauthorized for over 10 years 
and have been funded by a series of short term extensions since 2010. 
During this time, poverty and, most distressingly, child poverty have 
risen. It is imperative to families struggling in this dire economy 
that the Senate Finance Committee act in a bipartisan manner to reform 
and improve the TANF programs.
  In December of last year, colleagues may remember that I sent a 
letter to President Obama and then subsequently went to the Senate 
floor and formally asked the President to instruct the Secretary of 
Health and Human Services to withdraw their unconstitutional welfare 
waiver rule and submit a comprehensive welfare reform plan to the 
Congress. In my letter and my remarks, I made it clear that if the 
President withdrew this waiver scheme and sent up a proposal to 
Congress, that I would commit to working with him and other Democrats 
to enact comprehensive welfare reform.
  However, in the months since I sent my letter, I have not gotten a 
response from the President. The welfare waiver rule remains in effect. 
The Secretary of Health and Human Services has failed to propose a 
comprehensive welfare reauthorization.
  According to HHS, no State has applied for a welfare work waiver. In 
their Statement of Administration Policy, to H.R. 890, the ``Preserving 
Work Requirements for Welfare Programs Act of 2013,'' the 
Administration writes that the reason no state has applied for a 
welfare work waiver is due to ``inaccurate claims about what the policy 
involves.''
  However, the Obama administration has refused to elaborate further on 
these waiver policies, and Democrats in the Congress have steadfastly 
resisted any effort to rescind the administration's welfare waiver 
scheme.
  The insistence on the part of the administration that the welfare 
waiver rule remain intact demonstrates to me that the administration 
wants the option to waive Federal welfare requirements at some later 
date.
  Therefore, it behooves those of us who support robust welfare work 
requirement to oppose the administration's welfare work waiver scheme 
and work to remove the possibility that the Obama administration would 
approve proposals to gut welfare reform.
  This has become even more imperative because, as we learn more about 
how the Obama administration developed their welfare work waiver rule, 
the more it becomes apparent that the Obama administration has been 
disingenuous in it characterization of the policy and its intended 
outcomes.
  HHS initially justified their welfare work wavier scheme by 
suggesting that they were merely doing the bidding of the State. They 
referred to comments solicited by them from my State of Utah, in 2011, 
requesting administrative flexibility as justification for advancing 
policies that could undercut key provisions of welfare reform.
  However, in exercising the due diligence oversight role of the 
legislative branch, Ways and Means chairman Dave Camp and I were able 
to compel HHS into providing an internal memo relating to the 
development of the welfare work waiver rule. I ask unanimous consent to 
have this memo printed in the Record at the conclusion of my remarks.
  As my colleagues will see, contrary to claims that the Obama 
administration was simply capitulating to State's requests for 
flexibility, this memo reveals that, as far back as 2009, policy makers 
in the Obama administration were working to determine which provisions 
of welfare reform could be

[[Page S5332]]

waived or disregarded. Therefore, the claim that the Obama 
administration was merely capitulating to states' request for 
administrative flexibility is disingenuous, at best.
  A careful review of this memo further reveals that HHS attorneys have 
concluded that the Secretary has the authority to allow States to 
ignore prohibitions on Federal welfare spending which would ``permit a 
state to extend assistance to a family for which assistance would be 
prohibited under Section 408 of the Social Security Act.''
  Mr. President, the following individuals and activities are 
prohibited under section 408 of the Social Security Act: fugitive 
felons and parole violators, families where the adult has exceeded 5 
years of assistance, noncitizens with a five-year ban on assistance as 
described in title IV of the Personal Responsibility and Work 
Opportunity Reconciliation Act, and medical services, such as abortion.
  Under S. 744, the legislation before the Senate today, the 
prohibitions detailed in title IV of PRWORA for Federal means-tested 
public benefits, such as cash welfare, are extended to registered 
permanent immigrants, blue card holders, and aliens admitted to the 
United States under 101(a)(15)(V) or 101(a)(15)(Y).
  However, under HHS's current interpretation of section 1115 
authority, since title IV can be ignored, Federal welfare benefits 
could be paid to these groups of noncitizens.
  I have always wanted to support the current bill before the Senate, 
and I committed to working with Senator Rubio and others to try and 
improve the bill so that it can garner broad bipartisan support.
  I initially filed an amendment that would have prevented the Obama 
administration from potentially gutting welfare reform and explicitly 
prohibited them from permitting the types of spending outlined in 
section 408 of the Social Security Act. This amendment was deemed too 
broad to be relevant to the immigration debate by the Democratic 
majority.
  So, in the spirit of compromise, I agreed to limit my amendment to 
only apply to the section of 408 dealing with noncitizens--in other 
words, the ability of Obama administration to waive work requirements 
and permit Federal welfare spending on certain prohibited individuals 
and activities remains.
  The Obama administration's interpretation of their 1115 waiver 
authority is and will remain an impediment to successfully improving 
and reauthorizing the TANF programs. This is because any compromise 
could be undermined by this or any other administration. I take the 
chairman at his word that he intends to pursue a bipartisan consensus 
on improvements to the TANF programs, but I need to stress that 
consensus will be difficult to reach as long as this or any future 
administration can waive key features of a compromise reached by the 
Congress.
  This Senator remains baffled why the Obama administration is so 
reluctant to engage in a discussion of welfare reform.
  To this date, nearly a year after the Obama administration went 
public with their welfare work waiver rule, they have not issued a 
single clarification on what work or work related activity they wanted 
to allow states to count as work and why the current flexibility in 
TANF is insufficient.
  It appears that despite my entreaty last year for the Obama 
administration to engage in a dialogue about improving the TANF 
programs, their strategy for the immediate future appears to be one in 
which they will simply let TANF wither on the vine.
  I do not want that to happen. TANF provides critical support of 
working families and helps States provide services to vulnerable 
children. But too much of TANF spending is unaccounted for, and 
programs funded by TANF dollars may not be coordinated with other 
efforts directed towards at risk populations.
  The robust welfare-to-work programs from 20 years ago have virtually 
vanished.
  I know that the chairman of the Senate Finance Committee shares my 
concerns about the future of TANF. I understand he has a different 
perspective on the administration's intentions relative to their 
welfare waiver policies.
  I hope to be able to work with Chairman Baucus and the other members 
of the Senate Finance Committee to propose commonsense reforms to the 
TANF programs during this session of Congress.
  There being no objection, the material was ordered to be printed in 
the Record, as follows:

                                              Department of Health


                                             & Human Services,

                                Washington, DC, December 15, 2009.
     To: Mark Greenberg, Deputy Assistant Secretary for Children 
         and Families
     From: Chief of Litigation, Children, Families and Aging 
         Division
     Subject: Authority Under Section 1115 of the Social Security 
         Act
       This memo responds to your request for a legal opinion 
     regarding the breadth of the Secretary's authorities under 
     section 1115 of the Social Security Act (Act), 42 U.S.C. 
     1315, with respect to title IV-A of the Act. Specifically, 
     you are interested in better understanding her ability to 
     waive particular state plan requirements for the Temporary 
     Assistance for Needy Families (TA') program and to allow 
     states to spend TANF, Healthy Marriage and/or Responsible 
     Fatherhood program funds for certain purposes beyond those 
     specified in sections 403 and 404 of the Act. As explained 
     below, for a proper section 1115 demonstration project, the 
     Secretary may waive compliance with any state plan 
     requirements in section 402 of the Act, as well as any other 
     requirement incorporated therein. The Secretary also may 
     allow a state to use IV-A Funds for costs that otherwise 
     would be impermissible under that title. Section 1115 does 
     not provide direct relief from state penalties under section 
     409 of the Act but may factor into the penalty relief 
     available under section 409 itself. Thus, the Secretary may 
     take most of the actions proposed in your November 17, 2009, 
     e-mail, under section 1115 of the Act.


                        Section 1115 Authorities

       Section 1115(a) of the Act provides the Secretary of Health 
     and Human Services (``the Secretary'') with two types of 
     discretionary authority to exempt a State from otherwise-
     applicable IV-A rules so that it may implement a 
     demonstration project that, in the Secretary's judgment, ``is 
     likely to assist in promoting the objectives'' of title IV-A. 
     42 U.S.C. Sec. 1315(a).
       First, under section 11.15(a)(1) of the Act, the Secretary 
     ``may waive compliance with any of the requirements of 
     section . . . 402 . . . to the extent and for the period 
     [s]he finds necessary to enable [a] State . . . to carry 
     out'' an approved demonstration project. id. Sec. 1315(0(1). 
     Section 402 of the Act sets forth state plan requirements for 
     title IV-A, Id. Sec. 602. ``In granting a Sec. 1315(a) 
     waiver, the Secretary allows the state to deviate from the 
     minimum requirements which Congress has determined are 
     necessary prerequisites to federal funding.'' Beno v. 
     Shalala, 30 F.3d 1057, 1068 (9th Cir. 1994).
       Second, under section 1115(a)(2)(B), ``costs of an approved 
     demonstration project] which would not otherwise be a 
     permissible use of funds under part A of title IV . . . shall 
     to the extent and [or the period prescribed by the Secretary, 
     be regarded as a permissible use of funds under such part.'' 
     42 U.S.C. Sec. 1315(a)(2). This authority permits the 
     Secretary to use 1V-A funds for expenditures that would not 
     be allowable under, for example, section 404 of the Act, 42 
     U.S.C. Sec. 604, which prescribes permissible uses of a 
     state's TANF grant.


                Prerequisites for Section 1115 Projects

       Section 1115 applies to only (1) experimental, pilot, or 
     demonstration projects that (2) in the judgment or the 
     Secretary are likely to assist in promoting the objectives 
     of, in this case, title IV-A of the Act. (3) to the extent 
     and for the period she finds necessary. Thus, while the 
     Secretary has considerable discretion to decide which 
     projects meet these criteria, she must, at a minimum, 
     consider each of these issues.
       Because Congress enacted section 1115 to ``test out new 
     ideas and ways of dealing with the problems of public welfare 
     recipients,'' S. Rep. No. 1589, 87th Cong., 2d Sess. 20, 
     reprinted in 1962 U.S.C.C.A.N. 1943, 1962. the Secretary must 
     first determine that that the project has a research or 
     demonstration value. See Beno, 30 F.3d at 1069 (``she must 
     determine that the project is likely to yield useful 
     information or demonstrate a novel approach to program 
     administration'').
       In addition, the Secretary must determine that the proposed 
     project is likely to further the objectives of title IV-A. 
     These objectives, as identified in section 401 of the Act, 42 
     U.S.C. Sec. 601, are as follows:
       (1) provide assistance to needy families so that children 
     may be cared for in their own homes or in the homes of 
     relatives;
       (2) end the dependence of needy parents on government 
     benefits by promoting job preparation, work, and marriage;
       (3) prevent and reduce the incidence of out-of-wedlock 
     pregnancies and establish annual numerical goals for 
     preventing, and reducing the incidence of these pregnancies; 
     and
       (4) encourage the formation and maintenance of two-parent 
     families.
       Finally, the Secretary may issue a waiver ``to the extent 
     and for the period [s]he finds necessary,'' id 
     Sec. 1315(a)(1), and may regard otherwise impermissible 
     expenditures as permissible ``to the extent and for the 
     period [she] prescribe[s],'' id. Sec. 1315(a)(2)(B). Thus, 
     pilot projects are limited in scope and duration, consistent 
     with their experimental nature.
       Section 1115 waivers are subject to judicial review under 
     the Administrative Procedure

[[Page S5333]]

     Act. See Beno. 30 F.3d at 1067; G. v. Hawaii, 2009 U.S. Dist. 
     LEXIS 39851 (D. Haw. May 11, 2009). Courts have recognized 
     that the Secretary has broad authority under section 1115, 
     and her decision to approve a project under section 1115 
     should he upheld unless it is arbitrary, capricious, or 
     contrary to law. See Georgia Hospital Ass'n v. Department of 
     Medical Assistance, 528 F. Supp. 1348 (N.D. Ga. 1982); Crane 
     v. Mathews, 417 F. Supp. 532 (N.D. Ga. 1976); California 
     Welfare Rights Org. v. Richardson, 348 F. Supp. 491 (N.D. 
     Cal. 1972); Aguayo v. Richardson, 352 F. Supp. 462, 469-70 
     (S.D.N.Y. 1971), affd 473 F. 2d 1090 (2d Cir. 1973).
       Assuming that a state's project satisfies these 
     prerequisites, the Secretary may address the particular 1V-A 
     provisions referenced in your e-mail as follows:
       Can the Secretary permit a state to operate under a 
     different set of participation rate requirements other than 
     those specified in Section 407, or to be accountable for 
     negotiated outcomes rather than the TANF participation rates?
       Yes. Although work participation rates are found in section 
     407, which may not be waived directly under the terms of' 
     section 1115a)(1), section 402(a)(1)(iii) requires that the 
     State plan ``[e]nsure that parents and caretakers receiving 
     assistance under the program engage in work activities in 
     accordance with section 407.'' Because this section 402 
     requirement incorporates section 407, ``Mandatory Work 
     Requirements,'' the Secretary's waiver authority may 
     reasonably extend to section 407, as well.
       However, the extent to which section 407 may be 
     incorporated for purposes of section 1115 is unclear. Section 
     402(a)(1)(iii)'s limitation, ``in accordance with section 
     407,'' could be read to modify or apply only to section 
     407(d), because section 402(a)(iii) expressly refers to 
     ``work activities'' in section 407, which are defined in 
     section 407(d). Thus, a more conservative approach to section 
     1115(a)(1) would limit a waiver of section 402(a)(1)(iii) to 
     enable a state to define work activities differently than 
     Congress did in section 407(d), but otherwise leave the rest 
     of section 407, including participation rates in section 
     407(a), intact.
       Alternatively, ``in accordance with section 407'' could he 
     read to modify the entire clause that precedes it, i.e., 
     ensuring that recipients engage in the prescribed work 
     activities. In other words, if section 402(a)(1)(iii) 
     requires not merely that the work activities be those defined 
     in section 407(d) but also that the state have in place 
     section 407's comprehensive scheme to ``ensure'' that 
     families work, including through the participation rates, 
     then a waiver could reasonably reflect the breadth of the 
     state plan requirement itself. In short, section 
     402(a)(1)(iii)'s use of ``in accordance with section 407'' 
     (rather than, for example. ``section 407(d)'') is 
     sufficiently ambiguous that a broader view of the scope of 
     the potential waiver is a defensible, though perhaps riskier, 
     interpretation.
       Can the Secretary permit a state to spend TANF funds for a 
     benefit or service beyond those allowable under Section 404?
       Yes. Under section 1115(a)(2), the Secretary may allow a 
     state to use its IV-A funds to pay for costs that would ``not 
     otherwise be a permissible use of funds under part A of title 
     IV,'' regardless of which section of title IV-A would render 
     the cost impermissible.
       Can the Secretary broaden allowable expenditures under 
     healthy marriage and responsible fatherhood promotion grants 
     beyond those specified in Section 403?
       Yes. Unlike other titles covered by section 1115(a)(2), 
     title IV-A is referenced in its entirety with respect to the 
     otherwise impermissible costs for which Federal program funds 
     may be used. For example, for title IV-D, section 
     1115(a)(2)(A) only allows the use of IV-D funds to pay for 
     expenditures that would not be allowed under section 455 of 
     the Act, 42 U.S.C. Sec. 655. Thus, section 1115(a)(2) would 
     not authorize the use of IV-D funds to pay for costs that 
     would not be allowed under section 469B (Grants to States for 
     Access and Visitation), 42 U.S.C. Sec. 669b, even though this 
     latter section is part of title IV-D, too. As stated above, 
     under section 1115(a)(2), the Secretary may allow a state to 
     use its IV-A funds to pay for costs that would ``not 
     otherwise be a permissible use of funds under part A of title 
     IV,'' regardless of which section of title IV-A would render 
     the cost impermissible. Thus, even though section 404 of the 
     Act generally prescribes a state's use of its TANF grant, the 
     Secretary may apply section 1115(a)(2) to other funds and 
     costs under title IV-A, including those in section 403.
       Can the Secretary permit a state to extend assistance to a 
     family, Or which assistance would otherwise be prohibited 
     under Section 408?
       Yes. Section 408 of the Act lists additional (i.e., non-
     state plan) prohibitions and requirements on the use of IV-A 
     funds. To the extent that this section prohibits the use of 
     IV-A funds for certain purposes, the Secretary may use 
     section 1115(a)(2) to regard a state's expenditures therefor 
     as permissible. For example, section 408(a)(7) prohibits the 
     use of its TANF grant to provide assistance to a family for 
     more than five years. Although this is not a state plan 
     requirement, and thus may not be waived under section 
     1115(a)(1), the Secretary may allow a state to use its TANF 
     grant to provide assistance beyond this five-year period as 
     part of a demonstration project, using her authority under 
     section 1115(a)(2).
       Can the Secretary provide that a penalty otherwise 
     applicable under Section 409 does not apply?
       No. Section 1115 does not reference section 409 of the Act, 
     42 U.S.C. Sec. 609, which provides for penalties against 
     states that violate various provisions of the Act. Section 
     409 is neither incorporated by section 402 as a state plan 
     requirement that can be waived under section 1115(a)(1) nor 
     reflective of costs that would otherwise be impermissible 
     under title IV-A. However, if the goal is to provide 
     opportunities for a state to avoid a penalty while 
     encouraging experimentation, it may be possible to work 
     within the existing framework of section 409 to find 
     ``reasonable cause,'' if a state's section 1115 project were 
     to cause it to incur the penalty.
       Depending on the kind of penalty at issue, section 409(b) 
     prohibits the Secretary from imposing a penalty ``if the 
     Secretary determines that the State has reasonable cause for 
     failing to comply with the requirement.'' To the extent that 
     a state fails to meet a requirement due to its participation 
     in a section 1115 project, it may be appropriate for the 
     Secretary to find ``reasonable cause'' for the state's 
     failure. For example, if a State has a section 1115 project 
     that allows it to spend IV-A funds on assistance beyond the 
     five-year period authorized in section 408(a)(7), it may be 
     possible to justify forgoing a penalty under section 
     409(a)(9) based on the reasonable cause exception, because 
     the State had permission to use the funds in that manner. 
     This is similar to the approach taken with respect to waivers 
     for penalties attributable to providing federally-recognized 
     good cause domestic violence waivers. See 45 C.F.R. 
     Sec. 260.58(a) (state must demonstrate that it met work 
     participation rate requirements except with respect to any 
     individuals who received a federally-recognized good cause 
     domestic violence waiver of work participation requirements). 
     Although section 1115 waivers are not expressly referenced in 
     the IV-A ``reasonable cause'' regulation, see 45 C.F.R. 
     Sec. 262.5, the preamble to the rule clarifies that the list 
     of factors in the rule is not exclusive. Temporary Assistance 
     for Needy Families Program, 64 Fed. Reg. 17720, 17805 (Apr. 
     12, 1999) (``we no longer limit ourselves to considering only 
     these factors. While we do not anticipate routinely 
     determining that a State had reasonable cause based on other 
     factors, we do not want to preclude a State from presenting 
     other circumstances.'').
       In addition, section 409(c) of the Act requires that a 
     state have the opportunity to enter into a corrective 
     compliance plan for certain penalties. 42 U.S.C. Sec. 609(c). 
     To the extent that a state's participation in a section 1115 
     demonstration project adversely impacts its ability to 
     satisfy requirements covered by section 409, the state may 
     take this into account in the corrective compliance plan.


                               Conclusion

       Most of the proposals identified in your November 17, 2009, 
     e-mail appear to be defensible exercises of the Secretary's 
     discretion under section 1115 of the Act. However, whether a 
     particular project is legally supportable will depend on the 
     facts and circumstances surrounding that project. We are 
     available to assist you, if you decide to pursue further any 
     of these or other ideas using IV-A funds.
       Please contact me at 202-690-8005, if you have any 
     questions.


                                 ichia

  Mr. ROCKEFELLER. Madam President, I would like to take a few moments 
with my friend Chairman Leahy to discuss the ongoing importance of the 
Children's Health Insurance Program Reauthorization Act's impact on 
lawfully residing noncitizen children and pregnant women. In that 2009 
legislation, States were given the option to provide Medicaid and State 
Children's Health Insurance Program--CHIP--benefits to these 
populations without first imposing a waiting period, and many did so as 
an investment in future generations. Throughout the debate on S. 744, 
some of my colleagues spent a considerable amount of time seeking to 
deprive lawfully present noncitizens of the protections of our vital 
safety net programs. I consider these efforts to be contrary to the 
value that we, as Americans, place on protecting the most vulnerable 
among us.
  Chairman Leahy's leadership has been critical to the passage of this 
historic legislation in the Senate, and I thank him for being a strong 
voice in favor of protecting health care benefits for children and 
pregnant women. As you know, children's health has been one of my top 
priorities throughout my time in the Senate. Although the immigration 
reform bill that passed the Senate does limit certain noncitizens' 
eligibility for some Federal benefits, I am pleased the Senate chose to 
preserve States' rights to extend full Medicaid and State Children's 
Health Insurance Program benefits to children and pregnant women 
granted legal status under the bill, particularly individuals and 
families granted Registered Provisional Immigrant--RPI, Blue Card, and 
V-visa status.

[[Page S5334]]

  Commonly referred to as the Immigrant Children's Health Improvement 
Act--ICHIA, the success of this State option cannot be overstated. In 
the 4 years since its passage, 27 States and territories have decided 
to exercise the option to extend coverage to lawfully residing 
noncitizen children or pregnant women under Medicaid or CHIP without 
first imposing a waiting period: California, Colorado, Connecticut, 
Northern Mariana Islands, District of Columbia, Delaware, Hawaii, 
Illinois, Iowa, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, Minnesota, Montana, 
Nebraska, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, North Carolina, Oregon, 
Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Texas, Vermont, Virginia, Washington, and 
Wisconsin. This extension of coverage has literally been a lifeline to 
children and pregnant women who cannot afford to wait 5 years for 
immunizations, treatment of infections, prenatal care, and other 
necessary medical services.
  Because the bipartisan immigration bill contains multiple provisions 
relating to certain noncitizens' eligibility for federal benefits, 
including those under means-tested programs, I would like to take some 
time to walk through how the Senate-passed immigration bill does not in 
any way limit a State's ability under ICHIA to extend coverage to 
children and pregnant women who receive RPI, Blue Card, or V-visa 
status.
  Under the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services'--CMS--guidance 
on the definition of ``lawfully residing'' in ICHIA, as long as a 
noncitizen child or pregnant woman has established residency in a State 
and is ``lawfully present'' in this country, he or she may qualify for 
benefits at the State's option. Children and pregnant women granted 
RPI, Blue Card, and V-visa status as part of the bipartisan immigration 
bill clearly meet this definition. The bill explicitly states that 
these categories of noncitizens are ``lawfully present'' in the United 
States for all purposes, except for specific benefits and obligations 
under the Affordable Care Act.
  I will now turn it over to Chairman Leahy to provide some additional 
context from the Senate negotiations and the Judiciary Committee mark-
up of S. 744.
  Mr. LEAHY. Thank you, Senator Rockefeller. The issues we are 
discussing today are extremely important, and I appreciate your 
leadership during CHIPRA to allow States to extend Medicaid and CHIP 
benefits to pregnant women and children in the first place.
  Last week, I came to the floor to express my opposition to amendments 
that were designed to punish immigrant families who are living on the 
verge of poverty by preventing them from accessing our Federal safety 
net. The Judiciary Committee refused to add many of these amendments to 
the bill, and I am pleased that the Senate heeded my call to reject the 
harshest of these amendments as well.
  Now, I would like to repeat something that Senator Rockefeller just 
said. The bipartisan immigration reform bill explicitly states that 
children and pregnant women granted RPI, Blue Card, and V-visa status 
are considered ``lawfully present'' in the United States. It is true 
that the bill contains language making these three categories of 
immigrants ineligible for ``any Federal means-tested public benefits'' 
as ``defined and implemented'' in section 403 of the Personal 
Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act,--PRWORA, the 
Federal law that limits some noncitizens' eligibility for certain 
Federal programs. However, this language does not eliminate the States' 
right to exercise the ICHIA option.
  Mr. ROCKEFELLER. Now, I would like to direct a question to my friend 
Chairman Leahy. Just to be clear, provisions in the bipartisan 
immigration reform bill do not eliminate a State's right to extend 
Medicaid and CHIP to any lawfully residing noncitizen child or pregnant 
woman, including those receiving RPI, Blue Card, or V-visa status. Is 
this correct, Mr. Chairman?
  Mr. LEAHY. Yes, that is correct. Nor was it our intention throughout 
the negotiations to eliminate this State right.
  Mr. ROCKEFELLER. A closer look at the language in PRWORA and the 
Social Security Act confirms that the immigration reform bill does not 
eliminate the States' right to use the ICHIA option to provide coverage 
to lawfully residing children and pregnant women. The States' option to 
extend coverage to these individuals is not ``implemented'' in section 
403 of PRWORA, the provision of law impacted by the immigration bill, 
but instead exists independent of PRWORA under sections 1903 and 2107 
of the Social Security Act.
  I would also like to point out to our colleagues that the 
Congressional Budget Office--CBO--had a similar interpretation of the 
language in S. 744. CBO made an assumption that, under this language, 
Federal agencies would permit some individuals with RPI, Blue Card, or 
V-visa status to receive benefits from Federal means-tested programs, 
and specifically incorporated into its estimate of the bill the costs 
of providing Medicaid and CHIP coverage under ICHIA to children and 
pregnant women.
  Mr. LEAHY. Senator Rockefeller is correct. The Senate had full 
knowledge of CBO's interpretation and cost estimate when it negotiated 
a bipartisan amendment that became the text of the final bill. We chose 
not to modify the provisions relating to the application of benefits 
under PRWORA, thus retaining the language that permits coverage under 
ICHIA of individuals with RPI, Blue Card, or V-visa status.
  During the negotiations, the Senate did accept an amendment which 
states that ``No officer or employee of the Federal Government may 
waive'' compliance with PRWORA, or the bill's prohibition on accessing 
benefits that are defined and implemented in PRWORA. But these 
provisions, too, are inapplicable to a State's option under ICHIA. As 
my colleague Senator Rockefeller mentioned before, the ICHIA option is 
not a product of PRWORA. It exists as an independent right under the 
Social Security Act and is therefore unaffected by this section.
  Mr. ROCKEFELLER. Moreover, by using the term ``waive'' in section 
2323, the Senate is attempting to prohibit Federal officials from using 
their waiver authority under certain means-tested programs--such as 
those afforded to agencies in relation to demonstration projects--in a 
way that would result in noncompliance with PRWORA. This narrow 
prohibition on the use of waivers by Federal officials cannot be 
construed to prevent the continued implementation of an explicit, 
independent statutory right afforded to the states under ICHIA. The 
ICHIA option is not a waiver and remains available for States 
regardless of any action by an ``officer or employee of the Federal 
Government.''
  Mr. LEAHY. I would like to point to one final, yet unfortunate, 
indication of the Senate's intent to preserve benefits under Medicaid 
and CHIP for children and pregnant women granted RPI, Blue Card, and V-
visa status--section 4417. This section was added during negotiations 
on the amendment that became the final text of the bill. It directly 
amends ICHIA to prohibit States from covering certain individuals who 
are lawfully present in the United States on student and tourist visas. 
Had the Senate intended to similarly exclude from ICHIA individuals 
granted RPI, Blue Card, and V-visa status, it would have explicitly 
done so.
  Mr. ROCKEFELLER. I share the Chairman's disappointment that the 
Senate decided to add section 4417 to explicitly exclude students and 
tourists from ICHIA coverage, but I also agree with him that by not 
excluding other categories of lawfully residing noncitizens in section 
4417, such as those granted RPI, Blue Card, or V-visa status, the 
Senate intended to preserve their benefits.
  One of the hallmarks of our Nation is our willingness to protect the 
most vulnerable among us. People from all over the world want to be 
part of America because of our deeply-rooted respect for human dignity.
  Although it is not perfect--few laws are--the bipartisan immigration 
bill passed by the Senate this week lives up to those values in so many 
ways. It brings millions of hard working people out of the shadows, 
gives young students an opportunity to earn citizenship by furthering 
their education or serving in the military, reunites families who yearn 
to spend time with their loved ones, protects victims of domestic 
violence, and preserves health care coverage for noncitizen children 
and

[[Page S5335]]

pregnant women who earn legal status under the bill.
  Immigrants are not under any illusions that they will qualify for 
lavish benefits under our Federal programs when they arrive on our 
shores. But under this bill, they at least know that when medical needs 
arise or a medical disaster strikes, the vast majority of noncitizen 
children and pregnant women will be covered.
  I yield the floor.
  Mr. KING. Madam President, I would like to discuss my J-1 visa 
amendment to the immigration bill, which was incorporated into the 
Corker-Hoeven amendment. The purpose of the amendment is to increase 
transparency and accountability of exchange visitor programs that 
operate under the J-1 visa category, while ensuring the continued 
existence of the J-1 program.
  I proposed the new subtitle I in title III, with the support of my 
friend from Wisconsin Mr. Johnson. While the original subtitle F 
protections applied across a range of visas that have a work component, 
the J-1 visa category is fundamentally different from the other visas 
originally included in subtitle F. The J-1 category simply required 
separate treatment to ensure increased protection of J-1 visa holders 
and the long-term viability of this important diplomatic program.
  I appreciate the support of the senior Senator from Connecticut, the 
original sponsor of subtitle F, and would like to further clarify the 
intent of our amendment.
  Throughout the crafting of our amendment, I acknowledged that there 
are legitimate concerns with some J-1 programs. There have been 
instances in the Summer Work Travel Program where student placements 
have been inappropriate for the purposes of true cultural exchange.
  As S.744 was reported from the Judiciary Committee, however, the 
intended reforms would have made it impossible for high quality 
sponsors to continue to administer the Exchange Visitor Program. 
Without an amendment, this important public diplomacy tool would have 
been lost.
  Our amendment strikes ``exchange visitors'' from the definition of 
``worker'' in subtitle F. Subtitle F is aimed at foreign labor 
contracting activity and creates important new protections for foreign 
workers in the U.S.--we did this because J-1 exchange visitors are not 
primarily workers, but instead cultural exchange participants. We 
believe this amendment to the bill makes clear that neither exchange 
visitors nor sponsors of J-1 programs are subject to the new 
requirements of Subtitle F, and that J-1 sponsors are not considered 
foreign labor contractors or recruiters.
  As with any compromise, subtitle I is not 100 percent perfect. But it 
includes several important elements. Most vital, the amendment allows 
these valuable programs to continue and provides key protections to 
ensure participants remain safe. The Department of State has 
strengthened its regulations in recent years, and our amendment will 
help further that process. I believe our amendment makes the exchange 
visitor program stronger and ensures that international students and 
American businesses have clearer rules to continue this important 
public diplomacy tool.
  I appreciate the collaborative effort of my colleagues, particularly 
the Senators from Connecticut and Wisconsin, for helping to craft 
legislation that improves the J-1 exchange visitor program. I look 
forward to continuing to work with them as this bill moves forward.
  Mr. ENZI. Madam President, I rise to speak about why this body should 
reject the amended version of the immigration bill. I believe our 
immigration system is broken. As a matter of fact, I know the Senate 
could agree unanimously on the fact that our immigration system is 
broken. This includes both the legal system which allows individuals to 
visit and work in our country in addition to the failures which 
continue to allow others to reside illegally within our borders. The 
intentions of the Senate Judiciary Committee and the sponsors of this 
bill are correct. Those Senators deserve credit for their work on the 
bill over the past few months. However, as we approach final passage on 
this legislation I have to say I respectfully disagree with the final 
product and its failures to make fixes in several key areas.
  The first key fix rests in the fact that the United States remains a 
place of opportunity. The whole reason why people want to come to the 
United States is because of jobs. In order for immigration reform to 
work we must have a strong, workable employment verification system in 
place. If Congress can ensure that only authorized job seekers gain 
employment in this country, then we remove the incentive for illegal 
immigration. Workers who cannot get jobs cannot afford to stay in the 
United States illegally. This immigration bill works towards making E-
Verify mandatory. I agree with this goal, but as a former small 
business owner familiar with this process, I also recognize that this 
bill fails to strengthen protections against the fraudulent use of 
identifiers used in the employment process--particularly Social 
Security cards and Social Security numbers. Small business owners by 
nature do a lot. They mop floors, make sales, greet customers, do the 
accounting, set up computers, and pay the bills. However, you should 
not have to ask a business owner to act as a customs agent and 
determine if the government issued documents presented to them are 
authentic. One recent study suggests that the current E-Verify error 
rate for unauthorized workers is 54 percent. This is attributed to the 
fact that even though the system says that a particular person is 
legal, there is no way for the employer to know for certain if that 
worker is really who they claim to be.
  The proposal before us attempts to address this problem through a 
photo-matching tool. However, the verification system does not have 
photos for the more than 60 percent of Americans who do not have a U.S. 
passport and relies on States to be able to provide driver's license 
records on a voluntary basis. This legislation allows a fundamental 
flaw in the E-Verify system to exist, making it even more difficult for 
employers to ensure that the people they hire are lawful. Several of my 
colleagues have filed amendments to fix these problems. I know that 
this is something Senator Portman has worked on extensively and I 
support his efforts. Unfortunately, the necessary changes have not been 
made to E-Verify and it is difficult for me to support a bill knowing 
that it fails to provide small business owners with the tools they need 
to efficiently and accurately verify the identity of new employees.
  Another draw to the United States happens to be the Federal welfare 
and tax benefits that workers receive. My colleague Senator Hatch has 
been working on several amendments, which I support, that ensures non-
citizens do not benefit from these federal programs. Amendment No. 1246 
clarifies that the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services cannot 
undermine welfare reform so that non-citizens receive welfare. 
Additionally, I support Hatch amendment No. 1247 that ensures back 
taxes are collected for applicants under the Registered Provisional 
Immigrant program. Failing to fix these draws to our country undermines 
immigration reform, incentivizes illegal behavior and adds costs to 
Americans who lawfully pay their taxes.
  Second, dependable border security and interior enforcement is 
crucial to the entire immigration system. I voted for several 
amendments in this debate which would enact firm border security and 
enforcement triggers. One lesson from previous immigration efforts is 
that we cannot reduce illegal immigration without better border 
security and entry/exit enforcement measures. I cannot support the 
amended version of the bill because it offers false promises about 
border security and enforcement measures. I do not understand how the 
submission of a border security plan makes our nation safe, 
particularly when current law is not being enforced. Border agents are 
added but not before the provisions of the underlying bill go into 
effect. I think the Senate should take a lesson from history. Failing 
to secure the border and ignoring enforcement will not reduce illegal 
immigration.
  Finally, I think it is also important to discuss why more hasn't been 
done to fix the underlying bill. The Senate has been on this bill for 
nearly 3 weeks. In that time, the Senate has only voted on nine 
amendments. It appears clear

[[Page S5336]]

now that few if any more amendments will be considered as we approach 
final passage which makes it difficult to make some real common sense 
changes to the bill. I believe that part of the reason is because the 
bill is being considered as comprehensive reform. Comprehensive bills 
give everyone reason to oppose the bill. This Senate wants a legitimate 
fix to immigration. The best way to do that is to focus on it one piece 
at a time. For example, had more attention been placed on E-Verify as a 
standalone bill, I am confident that we could find a way to ensure that 
the program works effectively for small businesses and helps deter the 
incentive for illegal behavior.
  For these reasons I will be voting against final passage. I 
understand that we all want to fix our immigration system, but I cannot 
find the resolve to support legislation that misses the mark on so many 
levels. I am hopeful that more work will be done on fixing our 
immigration system in the interest of our economy, national security 
and moral obligations as a country.
  Mrs. MURRAY. Madam President, I rise today to discuss the passage of 
the comprehensive immigration reform bill. For the first time in a 
generation, the Senate has passed a bill that brings us one crucial 
step closer to sensible immigration laws. This is a historic day for 
the Senate, for our economy, and for families across our country, but 
there is more work to be done before this bill becomes law.
  When we began consideration of the Border Security, Economic 
Opportunity, and Immigration Modernization Act, I gave a speech in 
which I quoted from a book that John F. Kennedy wrote while serving in 
this Chamber. He wrote, ``Immigration policy should be generous; it 
should be fair; it should be flexible. With such a policy we can turn 
to the world, and to our own past, with clean hands and a clear 
conscience.'' Today we can turn to the world proudly, with a clear 
conscience, and say this bill lives up to our ideals and our American 
values, to say that it will provide millions of aspiring Americans the 
opportunity to come out from the shadows, realize their dream of 
citizenship, and be strong threads in the rich fabric of this great 
nation.
  From the beginning of this process, I have been very clear with my 
colleagues regarding my priorities for immigration reform, and this 
bill takes steps to achieve each of them. First, this legislation 
provides a real pathway to citizenship for the 230,000 undocumented 
people already living in Washington State. These families already work 
alongside us, attend our churches, and send their children to our 
schools--and they deserve the benefits and responsibilities of American 
citizenship. This bill also makes important reforms to help our 
economy, from agricultural businesses in central and eastern Washington 
to our expanding high-tech corridor in the Puget Sound. It can and 
should do more, but this legislation includes provisions to treat 
immigrants with dignity and help reunite families separated by our 
outdated laws. Finally, it provides Washington State's 35,000 DREAMers, 
children brought to this country at a very young age, with the chance 
they deserve to succeed in America. This bill allows thousands of 
undocumented families in my home State of Washington who work hard and 
play by the rules to leave the shadows--to no longer live in constant 
fear of being separated from their loved ones.
  I am also pleased this bill offers important reforms in the 
employment-based immigration system. There is a clear need to expand 
legal avenues for workers to immigrate to the United Sates in a safe 
and orderly manner. The size of this workforce must be flexible to meet 
the needs of our diverse industries and must be responsive to changes 
in our economy. This bill is a step in the right direction. It will 
allow the immigration system to be more responsive to the needs of the 
marketplace and will enable businesses to attract and retain a capable, 
stable, and legal workforce.
  This bill isn't perfect and it is not the bill I would write on my 
own, but it is the result of a bipartisan compromise, and I am proud to 
support it as a strong step in the right direction. Although I have 
concerns about some elements of the bill, it makes critical changes to 
our broken system that will strengthen our country and grow our 
economy.
  Over the past weeks, I offered a number of amendments that would have 
made commonsense improvements to the bill. Importantly, three of my 
amendments would have made this bill more inclusive of women.
  Too often women in the developing world are not offered the same 
educational and employment opportunities afforded to men in those 
countries. This fact places women at a competitive disadvantage under a 
merit-based system that rewards education, job promotion, and career 
advancement. That is why I worked with my colleagues, Senator Mazie 
Hirono of Hawaii and Senator Lisa Murkowski of Alaska, to introduce my 
first amendment, which would provide 30,000 green cards for occupations 
held by lower income immigrant women in the United States. Our 
amendment would accomplish this by creating a third tier in the merit-
based point system that would have complemented the highly educated 
tier one system and the moderate to lower skilled tier two system.
  I was deeply disturbed to learn that some pregnant women in 
immigration detention are shackled, including during labor and 
delivery. While the Department of Homeland Security recently adopted 
performance standards that prohibit the shackling of pregnant detainees 
absent extraordinary circumstances, a significant portion of 
Immigration and Customs Enforcement, ICE, detainees are held in county 
jails by local law enforcement. These holding centers are not required 
to follow the Department's standards.
  Shackling during labor, delivery, and postpartum recovery increases 
the risk of harm to the fetus, it inhibits medical staff's ability to 
respond to emergencies, and it increases the discomfort and pain of the 
childbirth. That is why I introduced my second amendment to extend the 
prohibition against shackling to include all pregnant women held for 
immigration purposes, including those held under an immigration 
detainer issued by a Federal agency. This bipartisan amendment, 
cosponsored by Senator Mike Crapo of Idaho, provided for certain 
exceptions to the ban due to extraordinary circumstances, while also 
prohibiting certain types of restraints known to cause tripping, 
falling, or that stop a mother from using her hands to break her fall. 
Simply put, a woman should never have to endure the pain, embarrassment 
and extreme discomfort of being restrained while giving birth to her 
child, nor should she have to fear she will lose her child because of 
the way in which she is detained. Our immigration enforcement policy 
should always uphold our commitment to civil liberties and safeguard 
the dignity that every mother deserves. My amendment would have done 
just that.
  My third amendment would have extended protections for the most 
vulnerable, including domestic violence survivors whose visa depends on 
their abuser's sponsorship. I drafted a comprehensive amendment 
designed to protect immigrant survivors of domestic violence, sexual 
assault, human trafficking, stalking, and dating violence. It would 
have extended judicial review in certain cases, would have modified the 
Violence Against Women Act, VAWA, cancellation of removal process, and 
would have provided training for Federal officers on vulnerable 
populations, among other protections. It would have also extended 
certain safety-net benefits to immigrant survivors to help them escape 
violence, gain independence, and recover from physical and emotional 
abuse.
  I am going to keep working to improve this bill as it continues in 
the legislative process, and when it becomes law, I am going to work to 
ensure it is implemented in a way that works for families and 
communities. We must start by pairing unprecedented spending on new 
border security with responsible oversight, so I will be working 
closely with the Department of Homeland Security to ensure our efforts 
to secure the border do not violate the civil liberties of American 
families and communities. I am proud my amendment to address 
warrantless stops and searches in broad border zones is included in 
this bill, but for immediate border communities, we can't stop there.

[[Page S5337]]

  That is why I offered an amendment that would have strengthened the 
Department of Homeland Security's Office for Civil Rights and Civil 
Liberties by amending current law to clarify its jurisdiction and the 
scope of its authority to conduct investigations, require greater 
transparency in its reporting requirements to Congress, and ensure the 
Department's timely implementation of its recommendations and findings. 
Essentially, the amendment would have provided the office with the 
tools it needs to conduct effective oversight, provide substantial and 
timely responses, and to protect the Department's commitment to civil 
rights and liberties.
  I also authored an amendment that would have required the Department 
to report on the use of force during immigration enforcement. By better 
understanding how and why force is being used, the Department would 
have been better equipped to ensure its policies and training promote 
and protect effective and humane enforcement practices. While I am 
committed to proving Federal law enforcement and border security the 
resources, training, and personnel they require, Congress must also 
ensure detainees are treated with respect and dignity. I will be 
working closely with the Department of Homeland Security to ensure our 
efforts to secure the border don't violate the civil liberties of 
American families and communities.
  I have also introduced a number of other amendments over the past 
weeks, including an amendment to provide DREAMers access to affordable 
college education. I was disappointed these amendments were not added 
to the bill, but I will continue to work with my colleagues to push for 
these commonsense reforms.
  Although I have concerns about some elements of the bill, it makes 
critical changes to our broken system that will strengthen our country, 
grow our economy, and finally allow millions of families to gain 
citizenship and chase their dreams without fear of deportation. This 
sweeping legislation is a step in the right direction, and I am proud 
to cast my vote today in support of S. 744, Border Security, Economic 
Opportunity, and Immigration Modernization Act.
  Mr. LEVIN. Madam President, I will support the Border Security, 
Economic Opportunity, and Immigration Modernization Act.
  This comprehensive approach will bring order to the visa program for 
H-1B applications and H-2A agricultural guest workers, thereby 
enhancing their contributions to the U.S. economy.
  The legislation protects our workforce by ensuring that employers who 
knowingly hire, recruit, refer, or continue to employ an unauthorized 
immigrant or fail to comply with E-Verify requirements are 
appropriately sanctioned.
  I believe that it is imperative that those who followed the rules 
receive legal status before those who didn't, and this bill does that. 
The bill also creates a tough but fair legalization process for 
undocumented immigrants to apply for registered provisional immigrant, 
RPI status if they have been in the U.S. since December 31, 2011, have 
not been convicted of a felony or three or more misdemeanors, pay their 
assessed taxes, pass background checks, and pay penalty fees.
  The bill recognizes those who came here as young children illegally, 
through no fault of their own, and provides them with an expedited 
pathway to legal permanent residence status.
  The bill also includes provisions supported by both labor and 
business organizations that update the nonimmigrant visa processes to 
respond to workforce needs. It includes important provisions to help 
unify families and to support adoptions. And it corrects problems that 
we currently have in the immigration removal, detention, and court 
processes and increases penalties for those who engage in criminal 
activity.
  It protects refugees, who come to our country seeking protection from 
persecution. The bill streamlines processing in refugee and asylum 
cases by eliminating the 1-year asylum filing deadline, eliminating 
family reunification barriers for asylees and refugees, authorizing 
streamlined processing of certain high-risk refugee groups, giving 
trained asylum officers initial jurisdiction over an asylum claim after 
credible fear is shown, and permits qualified stateless individuals to 
apply for lawful permanent resident status.
  This legislation will help our economy grow. And according to the 
Congressional Budget Office, the legislation will decrease Federal 
budget deficits by about $197 billion over the 2014-2023 period. It 
will increase Federal revenues by $459 billion over the 2014-2023 
period.
  I congratulate and thank my colleagues for all of their hard work on 
this important legislation. The Senate worked in a bipartisan fashion 
on a nonpartisan issue. I am hopeful that the House of Representatives 
will do the same.


                           Logging Employment

  Ms. COLLINS. Madam President, I rise to speak on an issue of 
significant importance to the forest products industry in Maine. I am 
pleased to be joined here by my colleague from Maine, Senator King. We 
have both heard from a number of our constituents in Maine who are 
concerned about the ambiguity in the bill that is currently before the 
Senate, the Border Security, Economic Opportunity, and Immigration 
Modernization Act, with regard to the definition of ``agriculture 
employment'' for the purposes of the proposed W agriculture visa 
program. I would like to turn to Senator King to elaborate on the 
concerns that we've heard from constituents in our State.
  Mr. KING. I thank Senator Collins for her work on this issue. During 
the last logging season, 79 logging workers were granted H-2A visas for 
work in Maine. They were able to do this because the Department of 
Labor included logging employment as a covered occupation for the H-2A 
program by a December 18, 2008 rule. In the rule, the Department noted 
that they received two comments in support of including logging 
employment and no comments in opposition for purposes of the H-2A 
program. The Maine companies we have heard from are not looking for a 
special carve-out for the logging industry, but they want to make sure 
that their industry, which currently uses the H-2A program, is not 
excluded from the new W program that would replace the H-2A program. I 
ask the Senator from Vermont, who had such a hand in crafting this 
legislation, whether it is his understanding that the logging industry, 
specifically logging employment, as defined in title 20 of the Code of 
Federal Regulations in section 655.103(c)(4), would be able to access 
the new W agricultural program just as they have the H-2A program.
  Mr. LEAHY. I thank the Senators from Maine for raising this issue. I 
would be glad to clarify that the intent of the legislation is not to 
exclude logging employment as defined in title 20 of the Code of 
Federal Regulations in section 655.103(c)(4) from the definition of 
``agriculture employment'' for purposes of the new W agricultural visa, 
which will eventually replace the H-2A program. Consequently, logging 
employment would be covered in the definition of ``agricultural 
employment'' for purposes of the new W agricultural visa program. I 
also understand from Senator Feinstein, the author of these provisions, 
that it was not the intent of the measure to exclude logging employment 
from the new W visa program for agricultural workers.
  Mr. GRASSLEY. I do not support the overall Senate legislation as it 
is drafted. On this particular matter, I agree with Chairman Leahy that 
logging employment would be covered in the definition of ``agricultural 
employment'' for purposes of the new W agricultural visa program. Those 
workers that previously had access to the H-2A program should have 
access to the new W agricultural visa program.
  Ms. COLLINS: I thank my colleagues for this clarification. This will 
maintain the status quo by allowing loggers, who currently enter the 
United States under the H-2A program, to enter the United States under 
the new W agricultural visa program. A reliable supply of labor, when 
American workers are not available, is critical for downstream 
industries such as paper mills in Maine.
  I now wish to speak on an issue of significant importance to the 
forest products industry in Maine. The immigration bill before the 
Senate contains an ambiguity related to the definition of 
``agricultural employment'' for purposes of the new W agriculture visa

[[Page S5338]]

program. Currently, logging employment is included in the H-2A visa 
program, pursuant to a rule adopted by the Department of Labor in 2008. 
The new W agricultural visa program will replace the H-2A visa program. 
Therefore, I wanted to make sure the logging workers who are currently 
eligible for the H-2A visa will be eligible for the new W agricultural 
visa program. My constituents are not asking for a carve-out or special 
favor. They are simply asking that the status quo be maintained in the 
new program.
  Consequently, my colleague, Senator King, and I engaged in a colloquy 
with the managers of the bill, Senators Leahy and Grassley, to clarify 
that the intent of the legislation is not to exclude logging 
employment, as defined in title 20 of the Code of Federal Regulations 
in section 655.103(c)(4), from the definition of ``agricultural 
employment'' for purposes of the new W agricultural visa program. I am 
grateful to my colleagues for making this clarification.
  In addition, I received a letter from Secretary Vilsack of the U.S. 
Department of Agriculture on this issue.
  Mr. President, I ask unanimous consent that this letter be printed in 
the Record.
  In this letter, Secretary Vilsack said that he is committed to 
working with Congress on this issue and working ``to implement the W 
Agricultural Visa program so that it covers logging to the extent 
possible, since those workers have historically been eligible for the 
prior H-2A agricultural worker program.'' I thank Secretary Vilsack for 
his commitment and look forward to working with him on this topic.
  This is an important issue to my State of Maine and I thank my 
colleagues and Secretary Vilsack for working with me on this issue.
  There being no objection, the material was ordered to be printed in 
the Record, as follows:

                                                U.S. Department of


                                                  Agriculture,

                                    Washington, DC, June 26, 2013.
     Hon. Susan M. Collins,
      U.S. Senate, Dirksen Senate Office Building, Washington, DC.
       Dear Senator Collins: Thank you for taking the time to meet 
     with me on Monday to discuss S. 744, the Border Security, 
     Economic Opportunity, and Immigration Modernization Act and 
     the benefits it brings to agriculture and rural communities. 
     As I mentioned, S. 744 will create a new role for the U.S. 
     Department of Agriculture (USDA) and a new structure for 
     agricultural labor. This new program is the product of 
     extensive bi-partisan negotiations and also reflects a 
     consensus among agricultural and farm worker leaders.
       During our meeting, you expressed concern about temporary 
     logging employees and whether they will be included in the 
     new W agricultural visa. As you mentioned, these workers will 
     no longer be considered agricultural workers because S. 744 
     uses the definition set forth by the Migrant Seasonal Worker 
     Protection Act, which excludes logging employees.
       At my request, USDA staff looked into this and provided 
     clarification and perhaps some good news. Logging employees, 
     to the extent they would be considered non-agricultural 
     workers, would be eligible to enter under the new W non-
     immigrant visa for low-skilled guest workers. Moreover, I am 
     committed to working with you and members of Congress to 
     address this important issue as legislation moves forward. I 
     would also work to implement the W agricultural visa program 
     so that it covers logging to the extent possible, since those 
     workers have historically been eligible for the prior H-2A 
     agricultural worker program.
       I am convinced that S. 744 is essential to the continued 
     success of American agriculture.
           Sincerely,
                                                Thomas J. Vilsack,
                                                        Secretary.


                             National Guard

  Mr. LEVIN. Madam President, I wish to enter into a colloquy with my 
distinguished friends, Senator Schumer and Senator McCain, concerning a 
provision in the underlying immigration bill, S. 744. They have both 
played a crucial leading role in moving this important legislation 
forward.
  Section 1103 of the immigration bill concerns the authority of 
National Guard forces to provide support to U.S. Customs and Border 
Protection to assist in the security of the southern border of the 
United States. The Department of Defense has a number of concerns about 
this provision and has proposed several ideas for our consideration to 
address their concerns at the appropriate time.
  The Department's concerns are related to language in section 1103 
that might have unintended consequences, such as potentially breaching 
the personnel end-strength levels that are authorized and funded in the 
annual National Defense Authorization Act or imposing large costs on 
the Defense Department for a mission of the Department of Homeland 
Security. The Department would also want to ensure that the authority 
for Defense Department support for border security, including National 
Guard support, resides with the Secretary of Defense.
  These concerns are entirely consistent with the crucial objective of 
protecting the security of our southern border and making sure that the 
Department of Defense can provide support to U.S. Customs and Border 
Protection to ensure the success of that mission, as the Department has 
already been doing for more than half a decade.
  I would ask my colleagues if they are aware of the concerns of the 
Department of Defense with respect to section 1103 and of the 
Department's suggestions to address those concerns. I would also ask if 
they would be willing, at the appropriate time, to consider the 
Department's concerns and its suggestions for potential adjustments to 
the legislation that would address the Department's concerns.
  Mr. SCHUMER. Madam President, I would tell my friend from Michigan, 
the chairman of the Armed Services Committee, that I am aware that the 
Department of Defense has some concerns with respect to section 1103 
and also that it has some suggestions for our consideration to address 
those concerns. I would also tell my friend from Michigan that I would 
be willing, at the appropriate time, to consider such suggestions in 
order to address the Department's concerns.
  Mr. McCAIN. Madam President, I join my friend from New York in 
stating that I am aware that the Department of Defense has a number of 
concerns with section 1103 and some ideas on how to address those 
concerns while allowing us to take the necessary steps to ensure the 
security of our southern border. I would also tell my friend from 
Michigan, with whom I have served for many years on the Armed Services 
Committee, that I would be willing, at the appropriate point, to 
consider ideas to address the Defense Department's concerns.

  The PRESIDING OFFICER. The majority leader.
  Mr. REID. Madam President, I now ask unanimous consent that at 4 p.m. 
today all postcloture time be considered expired; the bill, as amended, 
be read a third time, and the Senate proceed to vote on passage of the 
bill, as amended; that the time until 4 p.m. be equally divided between 
the Chair and ranking member or their designees, with the final 20 
minutes equally divided, with the majority leader--that's me--
controlling the final 10 minutes; further, the following Senators have 
8 minutes each from the majority's time: Flake, Bennet, Rubio, 
Menendez, Graham, Durbin, McCain, and Schumer; and Senator Landrieu has 
5 minutes from the majority's time; and on all quorum calls, if there 
is a quorum call, time will be equally divided between the two parties.
  The PRESIDING OFFICER. Without objection, it is so ordered.
  The Senator from Louisiana.
  Ms. LANDRIEU. Madam President, let me begin by thanking the majority 
leader for his extraordinary leadership on this bill--and both sides, 
it has been a very tough negotiation. The Gang of 8--Senator Flake, 
Senator Bennet, Senator Rubio, Senator Menendez, Senator Graham, 
Senator Durbin, Senator McCain, and Senator Schumer--have worked very 
hard to bring a bill to the floor that, in my view, is not perfect, but 
it is balanced. It accomplishes many of the principles of fixing our 
broken immigration system. They have worked extraordinarily hard.
  Let me also thank Senator Leahy and Senator Grassley as the chair and 
ranking member of the Judiciary Committee that considered more than 300 
amendments and voted on 121. I am disappointed, as are many people, 
that we did not get more votes on the floor, but I came to the floor 
earlier in the week and predicted that would happen. It is unfortunate, 
but it is not the first time. I have seen this movie.
  Members on the other side are disappointed, some of us are 
disappointed, and we are hoping we can find a more

[[Page S5339]]

productive way forward. That is why I have spent some time on the floor 
talking about a step toward a more productive way.
  A few of us on both sides of this debate--some of us are voting 
against the bill, and some of us are voting for the bill--have been 
working on a small package of amendments that have bipartisan support, 
no substantive objection, and we are trying to get a short, small list 
cleared by both sides. We have been working on this all week.
  I appreciate the patience of every Member of the Senate because this 
has been a very tense, very emotional debate for many Members. As I 
have said, in a goodwill attempt to get the Senate moving in a little 
bit better direction toward bipartisanship and goodwill, I am not going 
to ask to push this vote back--which would be my right to do, but I 
will not. Many Members have important schedules to keep and commitments 
to keep, as do I.
  I will be circulating a list. I believe I will be circulating it with 
Senator Coats, who is going to be voting against the bill. I am going 
to be voting for the bill. We are going to be circulating within the 
next 2 hours a short list of the amendments that we believe have been 
cleared by both the Judiciary Committee and the majority and minority. 
I am not going to provide the list at this period because it has been 
reviewed in various shapes and ways throughout the week.
  We are working with Senator Leahy and working with Senator Grassley. 
Just so people understand--hopefully, if they are not convinced how 
sincere I am about this, I want my colleagues to know I am removing my 
amendments from this list. There will be no Landrieu amendments on this 
list. This is not an attempt to get Landrieu amendments passed, as 
important as I think they are. I am fortunate that I got in at least 
one amendment for adopted kids on the bill. I am not complaining. That 
is the way it goes. But I don't want people to think I am trying to get 
a unanimous consent on my amendments, so I am taking my amendments off 
the list. It will not be circulated.
  The list that will be circulated is by leaders, both Republicans and 
Democrats, who have--could I have order, please?
  The PRESIDING OFFICER. The Senate will be in order. The Senator from 
Louisiana.
  Ms. LANDRIEU. The list of amendments that will be circulated has 
Democratic and Republican sponsors that have been cleared by Senator 
Grassley and Senator Leahy. They will work with their individual 
Members to see if the list can be cleared. There will be no votes, as 
is the unanimous consent. It will have to be done, as we call it here, 
hot-lined, and we will have to have 100 of us say yes. But I am asking 
my colleagues to say yes. I am asking them to say yes, to take a step 
in the right direction. I am not accusing anyone of anything. I am not 
blaming the Democrats or the Republicans.
  I am just saying I think we should take a small step toward trying to 
get the Senate back on track. I don't know what is going to happen 
after the immigration bill, if we are going to engage in any rule 
change. I have tried not to make any inflammatory statements about that 
one way or the other.
  This is a sincere effort on my part--and Senator Coats has been 
helpful as well--to try to put forth a small package. I am not asking 
for a debate or a rollcall vote. It would have to be done by consent in 
a small package, and I am removing my amendments.
  I thank the Senate. I am asking all of my colleagues--it is going to 
take 100 of us. If one person says no, this will be stopped. I hope we 
can end on a more positive note. A lot of hard work has gone into this 
bill. I know there are terrible disappointments. I am not one of those 
who are disappointed. I am happy with the outcome.
  I am trying to help get a small package that people have been working 
on that will not affect the number of this vote in any way. The vote is 
going to be the same. It is going to be 68 to 32. Was that the final 
vote? That is what it is going to be at 4 p.m. It is not going to 
change a thing. It will solve some problems several people have on 
subjects that are important to the constituents we represent at home.
  Again, I am taking my amendments off the list.
  I suggest the absence of a quorum.
  The PRESIDING OFFICER. The clerk will call the roll.
  The legislative clerk proceeded to call the roll.
  Mr. FLAKE. Madam President, I ask unanimous consent that the order 
for the quorum call be rescinded.
  The PRESIDING OFFICER. Without objection, it is so ordered.
  Mr. FLAKE. Madam President, I rise today as the Senate is on the 
verge of passing immigration reform by what may well be a historic 
bipartisan majority. It has been my honor and privilege to have a role 
in moving this legislation forward.
  We are moving one step closer to fixing our broken immigration 
system. This is a system Arizonans have dealt with for far too long. 
The situation along our southern border has grown increasingly 
untenable. The Tucson sector just recently lost the dubious distinction 
of being the most active Border Patrol sector.
  The status quo is now a considerable volume of traffic as well as 
theft, vandalism, and drug smuggling. This has created a situation that 
is ever more dangerous for Arizona border residents. Never was this 
more poignant than with the tragic 2010 death of Rob Krentz, a 
prominent member of the ranching community on the border. He was most 
likely killed by an incident related to illegal smuggling. I last spoke 
to Rob's brother Phil just this morning.
  Despite claims that the border is now more secure than ever, Arizona 
ranchers know quite the opposite. Beyond the border area, Arizona 
remains a State struggling under the weight of a sizeable undocumented 
population.
  As I said before, this situation helps no one. It doesn't help those 
who are undocumented and living in the shadows, it doesn't help State 
and local governments that are bearing the burden, and it doesn't help 
employers who are struggling to find a legal workforce.
  It is against this backdrop that the Senate moves toward approving 
legislation that takes dramatic steps in addressing border security, 
provides a tough but fair solution for those who are here illegally, 
and spurs economic growth by modernizing our legal immigration system.
  Obviously, this legislation is not without its critics. Opponents 
will point to the legislative process and claim it was flawed. I must 
admit that while no process for considering legislation is perfect, 
this bill was made available early. It was also thoroughly vetted under 
regular order in the committee. While I share the frustration that 
there haven't been more amendments considered on the Senate floor, this 
body has now spent 3 weeks debating the bill on the floor.

  We have heard that the bill affords too much discretion to the 
Secretary of the Department of Homeland Security and does little for 
border security. The Hoeven-Corker amendment, adopted by a wide 
bipartisan majority, removes much of that discretion from the Secretary 
when it comes to border strategy by designating a minimum level of 
technologies to be deployed per sector.
  In addition, the Hoeven-Corker amendment dramatically increases the 
resources provided to secure the border by requiring double the number 
of Border Patrol agents and 700 miles of fence. These have to be 
completed before anyone adjusts status.
  We have heard claims the bill weakens existing law. To the contrary, 
this legislation takes credible steps toward implementing an entry-exit 
system to tell us who has and who has not left the country. It makes 
progress toward achieving the goal of a biometric approach to this 
system.
  At this point it is difficult to take seriously criticism that the 
bill does not go far enough on border security.
  I should point out that the very day the Hoeven-Corker amendment was 
filed, a CNN headline read ``Four Bodies Found in Arizona Desert.'' 
Four more deceased immigrants had been located near Gila Bend.
  This is an issue that plays for keeps. It is in everyone's interest 
that we gain control of the border.
  The unprecedented level of resources this bill provides, coupled with 
the mandatory employment verification system and guest worker plans to 
allow for future flows, is much needed and it takes the right steps to 
get us there.

[[Page S5340]]

  As in previous immigration debates, there are those who claim this 
legislation is amnesty. To the contrary, this legislation provides for 
a provisional status for those who are already here as a means to 
bringing undocumented immigrants out of the shadows. It requires them 
to meet eligibility criteria, pass a background check, make good on any 
tax liability, and pay a fee and a fine. Before anyone can apply for a 
green card, they have to pay an additional fee and fine, pass another 
background check, continue paying taxes, learn English and civics, and 
prove that they have been employed.
  Even then, there is no less than a 10-year waiting period before 
anyone can begin to apply, and that can only happen if the border 
agents have been hired, the border strategy has been employed, the 
mandatory E-Verify system is being used by all employers, 700 miles of 
fence are on the border, and an entry-exit system is implemented for 
all air and sea ports of entry.
  Much of the focus of the legislation has been on the border security 
and legalization provisions, but just as important are the critical 
steps included to modernize our legal immigration system.
  The U.S. economy has to stay on the cutting edge of innovation and 
global competitiveness. When the best and brightest come here to study, 
we need to allow them to stay.
  I am pleased to say the provisions I have previously pushed for as 
part of the STAPLE Act were included in this legislation. Those with 
advanced degrees in the so-called STEM fields will be exempt from caps 
on green card applications.
  This bill moves our legal immigration further toward a merit-based 
approach, increases the cap on H-1B visas significantly, provides an 
avenue for foreign-born entrepreneurs, and creates better programs for 
both agricultural and nonagricultural temporary workers.
  When asked about the impact of these changes, the Arizona Chamber of 
Commerce and Industry president, without missing a beat, said:

       These will provide rocket fuel to the economy.

  The Congressional Budget Office, in different words, said much the 
same thing. Over the period of the next 10 years, GDP is estimated to 
increase by 3.3 percent as a result of this legislation and by 5.4 
percent by 2033.
  Let me say in the few minutes I have remaining that for me, coming 
from rural Arizona, there is a personal background for immigration 
reform. Much of my youth was spent on a 200-acre alfalfa field north of 
Snowflake, AZ, where I grew up. Along with my father and six brothers, 
I planted hay, cut hay, hauled hay, and moved sprinkler pipes--miles of 
sprinkler pipes. I even lost the end of my right index finger on that 
alfalfa field. The chores we performed changed with the season, but 
there was one constant: We worked alongside undocumented migrant labor, 
largely from Mexico, who worked harder than we did under conditions 
much more difficult than we endured.
  Since that time, I have harbored a feeling of admiration and respect 
for those who have come to risk life and limb and sacrifice so much to 
provide a better life for themselves and their families.
  As I explained earlier in my remarks, there are many who are here in 
an undocumented status who do not fit the sketch I have just described. 
It is our lot here in Congress to fashion an agreement that deals with 
the myriad motives, reasons, intentions, and purposes that have brought 
people here illegally.
  Along those lines, let me close by saying a few words about the path 
to citizenship included as part of this legislation. I recognize that 
there are those who are here who hold the position that no one who has 
entered this country illegally should ever be able to become a U.S. 
citizen. My own feeling is citizenship should be treasured and valued--
and possible--for those who qualify and who are willing to comply with 
the provisions set forth in this legislation. If someone is going to be 
in this country for 20 or 30 or 40 or 50 years, I want them to 
assimilate. I want them to have the rights and, more importantly, the 
responsibilities that come with citizenship. Such assimilation is what 
sets our country apart. It is quintessentially American. It is the 
right policy.
  I will be proud to cast my vote in favor of this legislation, and it 
is my hope it will become law.
  I yield the floor.
  The PRESIDING OFFICER (Mr. Heinrich). The Senator from Colorado.
  Mr. BENNET. Mr. President, I wish to start by thanking the able 
Senator from Arizona for his statement, for his leadership, and for his 
incredible work on this bill. I wish to thank all of my colleagues who 
have been in this so-called Gang of 8, both Democrats and Republicans, 
including Chuck Schumer and Dick Durbin and Bob Menendez on the 
Democratic side. But today I especially want to thank the Republican 
Members of this group, led by John McCain, and including Lindsey 
Graham, Jeff Flake, and Marco Rubio, for their extraordinary 
leadership. For reasons everybody in this Chamber understands, their 
willingness to be at the table and to stay at the table was an act of 
leadership unlike any other I have seen in this Chamber in the 4 years 
I have served here. We would never be here today voting to fix our 
broken immigration system were it not for them. So on behalf of the 
people I represent in Colorado I thank them.
  For me this all started in Colorado, because everywhere I went I 
heard people talk about how the broken immigration system was affecting 
them. I would hear the peach growers in Palisades say one thing and the 
cattle ranchers on the eastern plains say something else. The immigrant 
rights community, many of whom represented children in my old school 
district, our high-tech community, our ski resorts--everybody was 
feeling the pain of a broken immigration system that Washington was 
refusing to fix and they had actually given up hope that Washington 
would fix it.
  They didn't know each other cared about this issue, so we pulled them 
together over about a 2-year period. We had hundreds of meetings and 
traveled thousands of miles in the State to create something called the 
Colorado Compact, a statement of six principles about what Colorado 
expected immigration reform to look like.
  Now that we have come to the end of this process--we have come to the 
end of the Gang of 8, finishing the Judiciary Committee proceedings, 
the work on the floor--I can say this bill is entirely consistent--it 
is not identical, but it is entirely consistent with those principles.
  The first of those principles of the Colorado Compact is immigration 
is a Federal responsibility. This is not something that should be done 
State by State by State in this country. The Founders themselves 
recognized this because they put the regulation of immigration in the 
Constitution and charged the U.S. Congress as our obligation to deal 
with it. That was the first principle.
  The second principle was ensuring our national security. This bill 
meets that test as well. It is the strongest border security bill ever 
passed in the Senate. It doubles the number of Border Patrol agents on 
the southern border. We build 700 miles of fencing. It adds new 
technologies. We spend nearly $50 billion on border security.
  I believe we should have a secure border. In Washington this becomes 
a trade. For me, it is not a trade. We should have a secure border, and 
we should have a pathway to citizenship, and this bill accomplishes 
both.
  The people in Colorado who wrote this Colorado Compact called for 
more effective enforcement of our immigration law, and this bill will 
give them that. It includes a fully operational, biographic, and 
biometric entry-exit system, more effective measures to detect fraud 
and abuse of our visa system, and an employment verification system to 
be used by all employers. This is all in this bill. That has not been 
in prior efforts that either passed or failed in the Congress, but it 
is in this bill, and it is a critical part to making sure we don't end 
up here again.
  The Colorado Compact said we should have a bill that strengthens our 
economy. This bill meets that test with a visa system much better 
aligned for our 21st century economy--a merit-based system. We have 
high-tech and INVEST visas, visas for agriculture that will give our 
farmers and ranchers a fighting chance to hold on to their

[[Page S5341]]

farms and to their ranches, and give the people who are working in that 
industry much-needed relief. There are great benefits for our tourism 
and ski industry as well. And, on top of everything else, the 
Congressional Budget Office tells us this bill doesn't increase our 
deficit but reduces it over the first 10 years by $197 billion and over 
the next 10 years by $700 billion.
  Colorado said we want a bill that is focused on families and keeping 
families together. This bill does that by clearing the green card 
backlog and ensuring family members are able to reunite more quickly. 
There is better protection for children in detention and the 
immigration court system.
  Finally, we call for a commonsense approach to the 11 million, and 
this bill does that with a tough but fair path to citizenship for the 
11 million.
  As so many people in this Chamber, my life story is a story of 
immigration because I am the son of an immigrant. My mom was born in 
Poland in 1938 while Nazi tanks massed at the border. She and her 
parents miraculously survived one of the worst human events in our 
history: The Holocaust. After going to Sweden and Mexico City, they 
were able to come to New York City in 1950. My mom was almost 12 years 
old. She is the only one in the family who can speak any English at 
all.
  On my first birthday--this is 1965, so 15 years after they came to 
the country--my grandparents sent me a birthday card. This is the card 
they wrote. Here is what they said, in English, by the way. They said 
this in English:

       The ancient Greeks gave the world the high ideals of 
     democracy, in search of which your dear mother and we came to 
     the hospitable shores of beautiful America in 1950. We have 
     been happy here ever since, beyond our greatest dreams and 
     expectations, with democracy, freedom, and love, and 
     humanity's greatest treasure. We hope that when you grow up, 
     you will help to develop in other parts of the world a 
     greater understanding of these American values.

  They had only been in this country for 15 years. They didn't speak 
English when they got here. They had survived the most horrific event 
of the 20th century, and this was the place that gave them hope and, 
more than that, it allowed them to rebuild their lives in the only 
country in the world where they thought they could.

  This bill reaffirms we are a Nation that respects the rule of law and 
reaffirms our history that we are a Nation of immigrants, and it will 
keep that hope alive for millions of people, both here and abroad, for 
years to come.
  I urge a ``yes'' vote on this bill.
  With that, I yield the floor.
  The PRESIDING OFFICER. The assistant majority leader.
  Mr. DURBIN. Mr. President, I wish to ask how much time has been 
consumed by the proponents of the measure.
  The PRESIDING OFFICER. Approximately 23 minutes.
  Mr. DURBIN. How much time has been consumed by the opponents of the 
measure?
  The PRESIDING OFFICER. No time has been consumed by the opponents.
  Mr. DURBIN. Well, I am going to suggest the absence of a quorum and 
ask that the time in the quorum call be charged against the opponents' 
time, up to 23 minutes, so we can have some equalization in terms of 
use of time on the floor. It is my understanding--unless Senator Blunt 
is coming to the floor to speak?
  Mr. BLUNT. I am.
  Mr. DURBIN. I withdraw my request.
  The PRESIDING OFFICER. The request is withdrawn.
  The Senator from Missouri.
  Mr. BLUNT. Mr. President, I thank you for the time.
  I want to talk about the hard work my colleagues have put in on this 
bill. It looks as though it is going to get a number of votes today. It 
will not be getting mine.
  I think it is important, as we look at these issues, to understand 
that once a bill actually gets to the President's desk and gets signed 
into law, we are probably not going to visit this again for a long 
time.
  I think it does not put border security first or it does not address 
what I have more and more grown to think of as the other border, which 
is the hiring desk. The nonpartisan Congressional Budget Office said 
the underlying Senate bill would only cut illegal immigration by 25 
percent. It does not seem to me that is nearly good enough.
  I think the estimate was that if this bill did not pass, 10 million 
people would come into the country in the next 10 years. If it does 
pass, 7.5 million people would come into the country in the next 10 
years illegally. Some of them will come across the border. A lot of 
them come here now legally and then they just stay. I do not see 
anything in this bill that does what we could be doing there.
  I voted against proceeding to the amendment this week, the Hoeven-
Corker amendment, because I did not think it really focused--as the 
Cornyn amendment did that I cosponsored--on granting legal status only 
after we get the border secured rather than doing it before.
  In my view, these challenges need to be met. What do we do about the 
workforce needs of the country? What do we do about people who came 
here illegally or came here legally and stayed then illegally?
  But it is important to understand that as long as it has taken to 
even get to this point, once a bill passes, we are probably not going 
to go back and say: Gee, I wish we had done this or I wish we had done 
that.
  In addition, under the bill, the only requirement before legalization 
can begin is for the Secretary of the Department of Homeland Security 
to simply submit a border security plan to the Congress. There are lots 
of plans and a lot of them are talked about in this building. Some of 
them work; some of them do not work. But this does not require any 
further approval or verification of the plan.
  The amendment I supported that Senator Corker was the principal 
sponsor on said you would have to meet some metrics, you would have to 
have some measures you know you could prove and would be willing to 
certify.
  Everybody seems willing to admit that 100-percent awareness of what 
goes on on the border is possible. So if 100-percent awareness is 
possible, why isn't it possible--if you know 100 percent of what is 
going on and can watch the whole border--why isn't it possible to be 
able to certify a certain number of people are being stopped every year 
and that the border is not totally and completely and absolutely secure 
but meets a level of operational control the American people have a 
right to expect?
  The $46.3 billion for border security is mandatory funding, but the 
amendment only requires $8.3 billion of that $46 billion to come from 
fees, leaving taxpayers on the hook for another $38 billion, again, 
without the other half of the problem--people who come to our country 
legally for a short period of time and then stay--being dealt with. If 
we do not deal with that, we have not dealt with the problem.
  Mr. President, 20,000 additional border agents and $4.5 billion for 
additional border technology is not a strategic plan. It seems to me it 
is throwing a lot of money at a plan and hoping it works.
  I read lots of people's comments on this who say: Well, we have 
overdone what needed to be done here, but we have underdone the things 
you ultimately are going to have to do to fix this problem.
  This measure also provides $1.5 billion over the next 2 years to 
provide jobs for Americans between the ages of 16 and 24. While jobs 
for young workers are a priority, it has nothing to do with immigration 
reform. I think it had something to do with one of the additional 
votes. If what I read is true, this is something someone insisted be in 
this bill. I think we have to understand we would do a lot more to put 
young Americans to work if we had commonsense regulatory policies and 
commonsense energy policies.
  Several editorial boards criticized amendments I cosponsored as 
poison pills because they considered them too costly to enforce what we 
were trying to do. One of the amendments I sponsored said we would have 
5,000 extra people at the border, and editorial board after editorial 
board said: Oh, that is too expensive. It is a poison pill that will 
kill the bill. Those same people are now supportive of the bill that 
adds 20,000 people working at the border.
  During the debate I cosponsored other amendments I sought that were 
defeated. These amendments were in

[[Page S5342]]

addition to Senator Cornyn's amendment, the RESULTS amendment, 
requiring DHS to have situational awareness and control of the border.
  Senator Lee had an amendment requiring congressional approval of the 
border plan that would come from the Department of Homeland Security. 
What would be wrong with that: congressional approval, so every year 
Congress continues to be engaged with the funds it takes to do what 
needs to be done, as well as the plan it takes?
  Senator Grassley had an amendment requiring the border would have to 
be ``effectively'' secured for 6 months before the Department of 
Homeland Security Secretary could grant the provisional status. Others 
have pointed out, and I agree, once you begin to grant that provisional 
status, I do not see any realistic way a Congress ever goes back and 
says: We know we told you that you could stay, but now you have to 
leave.
  Senator Paul had two amendments I supported. One was ``trust but 
verify,'' much like Senator Lee's amendment, where Congress would have 
to be sure the integrity of the border was being protected. Another one 
would protect the integrity of the ballot process from illegal voting. 
Nobody is here advocating illegal voting. Why we would not get an 
amendment that did something to ensure it would not happen is 
surprising to me.
  Congress has one shot to address immigration reform in the right way. 
Unfortunately, I cannot vote for this bill because I think it fails to 
prioritize what needs to be prioritized. I also do not think this bill 
will be a bill that can pass the House of Representatives.
  I hope the Senate will now work with the House to find a better 
solution for long-term immigration reform and we can meet those three 
criteria of: how do you secure the border, how do you meet the 
legitimate workforce needs of the country, and what do we do about 
people who are already here, and in many cases these are people who go 
to church where we go to church, their kids go to school where our kids 
go to school.
  I, frankly, think those last two issues are pretty easily dealt with 
if the American people ever believe the government has met its 
responsibility to control our borders. One way to do that is to look at 
the actual border. Another way to do that is to give employers the 
kinds of tools they need so we can clearly identify who is in the 
United States who is eligible to work and who is not.
  I yield back.
  The PRESIDING OFFICER. The assistant majority leader.
  Mr. DURBIN. Mr. President, will the Chair inform me how much time has 
been used on each side?
  The PRESIDING OFFICER. The proponents have consumed approximately 23 
minutes. The opponents have consumed approximately 9 minutes.
  Mr. DURBIN. Unless there are other speakers in opposition, I would--I 
am sorry. Senator Grassley is here. I once again withdraw and yield the 
floor to Senator Grassley.
  Mr. GRASSLEY. I did not come to speak. I came to object to the 
Senator's unanimous consent request.
  Mr. DURBIN. I say to the Senator, here is the state of play. Unless 
we can agree to come to the floor and debate the issue, your absence 
delays the time when you will be speaking until the end of the debate, 
which creates an advantage for you by staying away.
  What we are trying to do is to be fair and give each side a chance to 
speak on the bill, one side or the other. Senator Blunt has been here. 
I would welcome any Senator in opposition. We have used--I think the 
measure was 23 minutes.
  The PRESIDING OFFICER. Twenty-three minutes.
  Mr. DURBIN. And your side has used 9. So I wish to offer the 
opportunity for the Senator to speak in opposition.
  The PRESIDING OFFICER. The Senator from Iowa.
  Mr. GRASSLEY. I thank the Senator for his courtesy. I think there is 
an insinuation in his comment that there is a strategy on our part not 
to speak. That is not true. It is that there is a Republican meeting 
going on right now. I went to that meeting and said to the people in 
the meeting they ought to be out here speaking and they had an 
opportunity to do it. And, for the group, I have objected for that 
reason.
  I yield the floor.
  The PRESIDING OFFICER. The assistant majority leader.
  Mr. DURBIN. Mr. President, if no time is used at this point, how will 
the time be taken off, how will it be calculated?
  The PRESIDING OFFICER. The time spent in quorum calls is equally 
divided between the two sides.
  Mr. DURBIN. I suggest the absence of a quorum.
  The PRESIDING OFFICER. The clerk will call the roll.
  The assistant legislative clerk proceeded to call the roll.
  Mr. MENENDEZ. Mr. President, I ask unanimous consent that the order 
for the quorum call be rescinded.
  The PRESIDING OFFICER. Without objection, it is so ordered.
  Mr. MENENDEZ. Mr. President, I come to the floor at the end of a long 
but fruitful bipartisan process. I come here thinking of what this bill 
will mean for families. I come here thinking of my family, of my 
mother, who came from Cuba, who worked hard and made it possible for me 
to stand here today as 1 of 100 Senators on the verge of passing a 
historic piece of legislation that she would have wanted me to vote 
for.
  This is a bipartisan compromise that will finally fix our broken 
immigration system and bring 11 million immigrants out of the shadows--
not just the millions who have been here for years without status, but 
the millions more who have been waiting in line to be reunified with 
their families lawfully.
  When the moment comes to cast that vote, I will be casting it in 
memory of my mother and for every immigrant like her who came to this 
country in the last century to give their families a chance to 
contribute to America's exceptionalism and for all of those who will 
now have a chance to contribute to America's exceptionalism in this 
century.
  It will be a vote for the long history of immigrants in America, for 
the millions of immigrant families: Irish, German, French, Italian, 
Scandinavian, Jewish, Greek, Polish, Portuguese, and many others whose 
blood, sweat, and tears ushered in America's industrial age; a vote for 
the immigrants of the ``greatest generation'' who brought this Nation 
through the Depression, fought a World War, and ended the Cold War. It 
will be a vote for America's new, young, skilled, educated DREAMers and 
entrepreneurs who will now have a chance to become citizens and help 
lead this Nation into a brighter, more prosperous, more productive 
future.
  It will be a vote in memory of a long list of immigrants and the 
children of immigrants who made this Nation great: Marine Cpl Jose 
Antonio Guitierrez, not even a citizen of the United States when he 
became the first casualty of the Iraq war; Thomas Edison, from my home 
State of New Jersey, the Wizard of Menlo Park, who has made New Jersey 
the home of invention in America--and there will be an immigrant who 
carries on that legacy who will make the next great discovery--Jonas 
Salk, whose parents came here and gave him the education he needed to 
go on and discover the vaccine for polio and save millions of lives. 
There will be a DREAMer who will be the next Jonas Salk. Colin Powell, 
admired on both sides of the aisle, his was an immigrant family. Be 
assured, there will be another great military leader and statesman who 
will be the son or daughter of parents who will become citizens under 
this legislation.
  Madeline Albright is an immigrant who became a citizen and went on to 
become one of the most respected and admired Secretaries of State. The 
list goes on: Albert Einstein, Henry Kissinger, Joseph Pulitzer--all 
immigrants who contributed to America's exceptionalism. This 
legislation is for all those immigrants and immigrant families who 
helped make America better.
  This is the culmination of a long journey for me. I have been 
fighting for immigration reform for 20 years between my time in the 
House and the Senate and have been blazing a pathway to citizenship 
that will help families stay together and give them a chance at a 
better life. This bill does that.
  The road has been fraught with the same obstacles, the same pitfalls 
and prejudices that have stood in the way of every generation of 
immigrants who wanted nothing more than a pathway

[[Page S5343]]

to acceptance and opportunity. As the saying goes: The hardest steel 
must go through the hottest fire.
  What we are about to do today has been a generation-long drive for 
justice and tolerance. It has been and remains the civil rights issue 
of our community. I believe when this legislation finally becomes law, 
it will make us stronger as a nation, just as the Civil Rights Act 
strengthened this country. We are on the verge of historic change.
  I am proud to have been part of the Gang of 8 that hammered out a 
strong bipartisan effort. Now, I say to my friends in the other body: 
Do the right thing for America and for your party. Find common ground. 
Lean away from the extremes. Opt for reason and govern with us. The 
time has come to act in the interests of all Americans. I hope that 
message will be heard loudly and clearly in the House.
  In my view the leadership in the other body has a chance to be 
American heroes, a chance to bring both sides together in an alliance 
that will ensure passage of this bill. I believe a vast majority of 
Americans who want immigration reform to pass will thank them for doing 
what is right.
  I hope they will have the political will and courage to unite the 
Nation and send this bill to the President's desk, a bill that will 
increase the gross domestic product, reduce the deficit, promote 
prosperity, and create jobs. This chart shows the cumulative economic 
gains of the legislation over 10 years after passage. Look at the 
numbers.
  Fixing the broken immigration system would increase America's gross 
domestic product by over $800 billion over the first 10 years, it will 
increase wages of all Americans by $470 billion over 10 years, and it 
will increase jobs by 121,000 per year for 10 years. That is 1.2 
million jobs. Immigrants will start small businesses, they will create 
jobs for American workers. It is time to harness that economic power.
  The next chart shows that the CBO report also tells us it will reduce 
the deficit by $197 billion over the next decade and by an additional 
$700 billion more between 2024 and 2033 through changes in direct 
spending and revenues. We are talking about almost a trillion in 
deficit spending that can be lifted off the backs of the next 
generation of Americans.
  What other single piece of legislation increases GDP growth, 
increases wages for all Americans, increases jobs and lowers the 
deficit? What we realize now has been confirmed by the numbers; that 
is, giving 11 million people a clear and defined pathway to citizenship 
is, in effect, an economic growth strategy and exactly the right thing 
to do.
  It will be a long road for those who have earned the right to become 
citizens. Citizenship will not be easy. It never is. The new Americans 
who follow the pathway we lay out will have to have played by the 
rules. They will have to pass background checks, pay a fine, pay their 
taxes. But, if they do, there will be no obstacle they cannot overcome 
to the day when they raise their right hand and take their 
naturalization oath.
  Too many families have waited too long for that day. Too many have 
waited too long to say those words that will change their lives 
forever.
  They changed my mother's life and, in turn, gave me the chance to 
stand here today and vote for a pathway to citizenship that can change 
the lives of millions of others.
  Today is a victory, not for me or the Gang of 8. It is not a victory 
for the Senate or for any one community. By passing comprehensive 
immigration reform, we will have taken the next historic step on 
America's long journey to exceptionalism. I am proud to have been part 
of the process that will continue that journey.
  In 2007, when we failed at our last attempt at immigration reform, I 
quoted the last phrase of Emma Lazarus's poem emblazoned on the inner 
wall of the pedestal of the Statue of Liberty which says:

       I lift my lamp beside the golden door!

  I said then:

       That lamp [since we failed] is somewhat dimmer, but it will 
     shine again . . . [that] the course of history is 
     unalterable, the human spirit cannot be shackled forever, the 
     drumbeat for security, economic vitality and, most 
     importantly, justice will only grow stronger until we pass 
     this legislation.

  My friends, today when we pass comprehensive immigration reform, the 
light will shine brighter and it will shine forever.
  I yield the floor.
  The PRESIDING OFFICER. The Senator from Iowa.
  Mr. GRASSLEY. Mr. President, we have talked a lot about how the 
immigration bill would or would not prevent illegal immigration in the 
future. This is a huge concern because we don't want to be back in 25 
years proposing the same short-term solutions to the problems.
  I wish to take a few minutes about the national security implications 
of the bill. There are valid concerns that the bill will put public 
safety and the homeland at risk. I will walk through some of the issues 
and point out how we tried in committee to change the bill in this 
effort and, of course, we failed.
  First, the bill contains a dangerous national security loophole that 
would render the U.S. Government unable to share information with 
foreign governments about immigrants who have had their status revoked. 
An amendment to preserve the ability of law enforcement to access 
critical, national security, public safety information and at the same 
time authorize the Secretary of State to share limited information with 
a foreign government while protecting legitimate privacy interests was 
rejected.
  Second, the bill provides the Secretary of State with authority to 
limit in-person interviews of visa applicants abroad. The Secretary of 
Homeland Security is not required to interview anyone who applies for 
registered provisional immigrant status.
  We learned a valuable lesson after September 11, 2001, because the 
hijackers were not interviewed and applications were rubberstamped. An 
amendment to require individuals who may be a threat to national 
security to submit to an in-person interview with consular officers 
when applying for a visa was voted down.
  Third, there were gaping holes in the student visa process. Yet the 
committee rejected attempts to delay the expansion of the student visa 
program until the tracking system in place was improved.
  Fourth, the amendment makes it almost impossible to revoke a person's 
visa when they are on U.S. soil. An amendment to clarify the authority 
of the Secretary of Homeland Security and the Secretary of State to 
refuse or revoke visas when, in the national interest, as was the case 
with the Christmas Day bomber, was rejected.
  Fifth, the bill does not address the concerns brought to the surface 
by recent events such as the Boston terrorist bombing. We are 
profoundly troubled with the lack of concern about lessons that can be 
learned from the failings of the immigration process, which may have 
contributed to recent events such as the Boston terrorist bombing.
  We need to understand and we need to address these failures before 
proceeding with some of the provisions in this bill, especially the 
asylum and student visa expansion measures.
  Putting revised procedures in place before gaining an understanding 
of what does not work in our current system is not good stewardship of 
the trust of the American people and the trust people placed in us as 
their representatives in Congress.
  Our Nation's security is at risk and we cannot ignore it. We need to 
understand what is wrong with the system to prevent events such as the 
Boston bombing from happening again. However, an amendment to delay an 
expansion of asylum and student visa programs until there has been a 
coordinated review detailing the intelligence and immigration failures 
of the Boston Marathon terrorist attack was also voted down in 
committee.
  Our national security must be a paramount concern with any 
immigration reform. Eliminating weaknesses in our system, including 
along the border and the interior, would make our Nation much safer. 
Regrettably, this bill falls far short of this goal.
  I yield the floor.
  I suggest the absence of a quorum.
  The PRESIDING OFFICER. The clerk will call the roll.
  The assistant legislative clerk proceeded to call the roll.
  Mr. RUBIO. Madam President, I ask unanimous consent that the order 
for the quorum call be rescinded.

[[Page S5344]]

  The PRESIDING OFFICER (Ms. Heitkamp). Without objection, it is so 
ordered.
  Mr. RUBIO. Madam President, my father had a rough childhood. His mom 
died just 4 days shy of his ninth birthday. The small catering business 
his parents ran together had collapsed, so as a young child he was 
forced to leave school and go to work, and he would work virtually 
every day for the rest of his life. My mother grew up just as hard. Her 
father was disabled by polio as a child, and he struggled to provide 
for his seven daughters.
  My parents met at a small store where my mother was a cashier and my 
father was a security guard. He actually lived and slept in the storage 
room of that store. Like all young couples, they had dreams. My mother 
wanted to be an actress, and my father tried hard to get ahead. In 
fact, after work he would take correspondence courses to become a TV 
and radio repairman, but it was hard because he barely knew how to 
read.
  They did everything they could to make a better life, but living in 
an increasingly unstable country, with limited education and no 
connections, they just couldn't. So they saved as much as they could, 
and on May 27, 1956, they boarded a plane to Miami. They came to 
America in search of a better life.
  Like most recent arrivals, life in America wasn't easy either. My 
father had someone actually phonetically write on a small piece of 
paper the words ``I am looking for work.'' He memorized those words. 
Those were literally the first words he learned to speak in English. He 
took day jobs wherever he could find them.
  They both went to work at a factory, building aluminum chairs. My dad 
started working as a bar boy on Miami Beach, eventually becoming a 
bartender. He saved money and tried to open some businesses. When that 
didn't work, they tried Los Angeles and they tried Las Vegas, but that 
also didn't work. So he found himself back on Miami Beach behind a bar. 
The truth is that they were discouraged and homesick for Cuba too. In 
fact, in the early days of Castro's rule, before he came out as a 
Marxist, they even entertained going back permanently. But, of course, 
communism took root in Havana, and that became impossible too.
  I am sure that on their worst days they wondered if it would ever get 
better. Then the miracle we know as America began to change their 
lives. By 1967 they had saved enough money to buy a house within 
walking distance of the Orange Bowl, where on Sundays they would make 
extra money by letting people park on their lawn. My older sister was 
in ballet; my older brother, the star quarterback at Miami High. But it 
wasn't just their lives that changed, it was also their hearts. They 
still spoke Spanish at home and kept all the customs they brought with 
them from Cuba, but with each passing year this country became their 
own.
  My mother recalls how on that terrible November day in 1963 she wept 
at the news that her President had been slain. She remembers that 
magical night in 1969 when an American walked on the Moon and she 
realized that now nothing was impossible, because, you see, well before 
they ever became citizens in their hearts, they had already become 
Americans.
  It reminds us that sometimes we focus so much on how immigrants can 
change America, we forget that America has always changed immigrants 
even more.
  But this is not just my story. This is our story. It reminds us of 
the words etched on the marble above the rostrum of the Senate: ``E 
Pluribus Unum''--out of many, one.
  Now, no one should dispute that, like every sovereign nation on this 
planet, we have a right to control who comes in. But unlike other 
countries, we are not afraid of people coming in here from other 
places. Instead, inspired by our Judeo-Christian principles, we 
Americans have seen the stranger and invited him in, and our Nation has 
been blessed for it in ways that remind us of these ancient words:

       God divided the sea and led them through and made the 
     waters stand up like a wall. By day he led them with a cloud; 
     by night, with a light of fire. He split the rocks in the 
     desert. He gave them plentiful to drink as from the deep. He 
     made streams flow out from the rock and made waters run down 
     like rivers. He commanded the clouds above and opened the 
     gates of heaven. He rained down manna for their food and gave 
     them bread from heaven.

  Our history is filled with dramatic evidence that God's hand is upon 
our land. Who among us would dispute that we Americans are a blessed 
people? In the harbor of our most famous city, there is a statue of a 
woman holding a lamp, and at the base of that statue is a poem that 
reads:

       Keep ancient lands, your storied pomp! . . . Give me your 
     tired, your poor, your huddled masses yearning to breathe 
     free, the wretched refuse of your teeming shore. Send these, 
     the homeless, tempest-tost to me, I lift my lamp beside the 
     golden door!

  For over 200 years now they have come in search of liberty and 
freedom for sure but often just in search of a job to feed their kids 
and a chance at a better life. From Ireland and Poland, from Germany 
and France, from Mexico and Cuba, they have come. They have come 
because in the land of their birth, their dreams were bigger than their 
opportunities. Here they brought their language and their customs, 
their religions and their music, and somehow they have made them ours 
as well. From a collection of people from everywhere, we became one 
people--the most exceptional Nation in all of human history.
  Even with all of our challenges, we remain that shining city on the 
hill. We are still the hope of the world. Go to our factories and our 
fields, go to the kitchens and construction sites, go to the cafeterias 
in this very Capitol, and there you will find that the miracle of 
America is still alive. For here in America, those who once had no hope 
will give their kids the chance at a life they always wanted for 
themselves. Here in America, generations of unfulfilled dreams will 
finally come to pass. And that is why I support this reform--not just 
because I believe in immigrants but because I believe in America even 
more.
  I yield the floor.
  Mr. DURBIN. Madam President, I suggest the absence of a quorum.
  The PRESIDING OFFICER. The clerk will call the roll.
  The bill clerk proceeded to call the roll.
  Mr. SESSIONS. Madam President, I ask unanimous consent that the order 
for the quorum call be rescinded.
  The PRESIDING OFFICER. Without objection, it is so ordered.
  Mr. SESSIONS. Madam President, I appreciate the excellent remarks 
from the heart of my good friend Marco Rubio. He is a great addition to 
the Senate. And I would say the heart of America is good. The heart of 
this country is good. For 30 years they have been pleading with 
Congress to keep a generous immigration policy afoot in America, but at 
the same time they have been pleading with us to end the illegality 
that has continued for years now. The people have pleaded with us to do 
something about it, and year after year after year Congress has 
refused, the President has refused. That is why we now have 11 million 
people in the country illegally.
  I think the heart of America is good and people are willing to deal 
compassionately and not try to deport 11 million people. They want to 
do the right thing about this, but by a 4-to-1 margin they have said 
they want to see this Congress do what Members of Congress have 
repeatedly promised and never delivered on--create a lawful system, a 
system we can be proud of, a system that serves the national interests.
  As I explained this morning, rather than working with law enforcement 
groups and prosecutors and considering the needs of everyday citizens, 
the sponsors of this bill have spent months in negotiation with special 
interests and lobbyists to produce a bill that will not work. That is 
the problem we have before us today. This will create even more 
lawlessness in the future.
  I want my colleague to hear what our Nation's immigration officers--
men and women on the frontlines--have to say about this legislation. 
Shouldn't we listen to them? They asked to be able to participate in 
these secret negotiations, and they were rebuffed. I asked that they be 
allowed to participate, but they were rebuffed. Let's hear what they 
say about the bill--the bill Senator Schumer said in committee was 
tough as nails, and the TV ads running have said it is the toughest 
bill in history, maybe the history of the world. Is that correct? Is 
that correct, I have to ask? I think not.

[[Page S5345]]

  This is a joint statement issued today by the councils representing 
Immigration and Customs Enforcement officers--the ICE officers--and the 
U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Service officers, a joint statement of 
two associations representing these tens of thousands of officers. 
Shouldn't we listen to what they are saying? Please listen, colleagues.

       ICE officers and USCIS adjudication officers have pleaded 
     with lawmakers not to adopt this bill. The Schumer-Rubio-
     Corker-Hoeven proposal will make Americans less safe, and 
     it will ensure more illegal immigration in the future--
     especially visa overstays. It provides legalization for 
     thousands of dangerous criminals while making it more 
     difficult for our officers to identify public safety and 
     national security threats. The legislation was guided from 
     the beginning by anti-enforcement special interests and, 
     should it become law, it will have the desired effect of 
     these groups: blocking immigration enforcement.
       This is an anti-public safety bill and an anti-law 
     enforcement bill. We urge all lawmakers to oppose the final 
     cloture vote on Thursday and to oppose the bill. We call on 
     all Americans to pick up the phone and call their members of 
     Congress.

  So who do we trust on this question of whether we have a bill that 
will work? Our good political Senators who work hard but haven't been 
out on the frontlines doing the work or the people we pay who try to do 
the work every day, putting their lives at risk?
  There is something else I would like to touch on. I think it is one 
of the least-discussed parts of the conversation. I am sure we will 
have others talk in more detail about enforcement failures of the 
legislation, but in many ways this could be the most important. I know 
our friends in the media certainly haven't given a lot of coverage to 
it, but I hope we will think about it more; that is, the future flow or 
the legal immigration part of the bill.
  The Congressional Budget Office tells us that the bill's large 
increase in mostly lower skilled legal workers will push down wages and 
increase unemployment. That needs to be talked about. It must be fully 
understood. Hundreds of people are hurting today.
  There was an article recently in the New York Times--I think 700 
people camped out for 5 days to get a few jobs as elevator repairmen. 
They waited in the rain, they camped out, they waited in line hoping to 
get one of those jobs.
  There was an article involving Philadelphia about individuals who had 
prior convictions and wanted work. They set up an opportunity for them 
to apply to find a job. They expected 1,000, and 2,000 showed up. They 
interviewed a number of them, and the stories they gave are 
heartbreaking.
  Don't we need to consider the impact this policy could have on 
working Americans? It is a sensitive topic but a crucial one.
  Here is what David Cameron, the British Prime Minister, said 
recently:

       There are those who say you can't have a sensible debate 
     because it's somehow wrong to express concerns about 
     immigration. Now I think this is nonsense. Yes, of course it 
     needs to be approached in a sensitive and rational manner, 
     but I've always understood the concerns--the genuine concerns 
     of hard-working people, including many in our migrant 
     communities, who worry about uncontrolled immigration. They 
     worry about the pressure it puts on public services, the 
     rapid pace of change in some of our communities and of course 
     the concerns, deeply held, that some people might be able to 
     come and take advantage of our generosity without making a 
     proper contribution to our country.

  Mr. Cameron goes on to say:

       It is our failure in the past to reform welfare and 
     training that meant that we left too many of our young people 
     in a system where they didn't have proper skills, they didn't 
     have proper incentives to work, and instead we saw large 
     numbers of people coming from overseas to fill vacancies in 
     our economy. Put simply, our job is to educate and train our 
     youth, not to rely on immigration to fill the skill gaps.

  Does that resonate with any of our people today? Have we thought 
through this as to how we should handle these matters?
  Let's look at our own situation right here in America. Twenty-one 
million Americans are unable to find full-time work. One in three 
without a high school diploma is unemployed. Forty-seven million 
Americans are on food stamps. Labor force participation is the lowest 
since the 1970s.
  The percentage of Americans actually working is lower and has been 
continually falling since the 1970s. It goes back to that date when 
women were just beginning to enter the workforce.
  One in three youth in our Nation's Capital is living in poverty. It 
appears we are in an era of a new normal--economists have been talking 
about this--a new normal where we see slower growth in developed 
economies than we normally would see. There is more robotics, and 
businesses are looking to contain the growth of employment. Low job 
creation has been the result.
  Madam President, I ask unanimous consent that I be notified after 20 
minutes.
  The PRESIDING OFFICER. The Senator will be notified.
  Mr. SESSIONS. Our own Congressional Budget Office has done a 10-year 
economic projection, as they do every year. They did this in January, 
unconnected to immigration. They found in the second 5 years of our 10-
year window, 2018 to 2023, we would only create 75,000 jobs.
  Some have said we are going to bring in workers, and that is going to 
create jobs. We will talk about what economists really say about that. 
But what does this legislation do? I think this legislation has not 
given thought to the plight of these unemployed Americans.
  Colleagues, the legislation that is before us today has four times 
more guest workers. These are people who come only to work. They are 
not just seasonal workers, they come for years at a time with their 
families, but they come specifically to take a job--four times more 
than in the 2007 bill that failed and many objected to on the grounds 
it would hurt workers.
  It also triples the grants of permanent status awarded to legal 
immigrants over the next decade relative to current law. That was the 
result of the legalization process. Experts who have looked at this and 
other factors have come to the same conclusion: There would be at least 
30 million people who would be given legal status over the next decade, 
whereas normally we would give 10 million people legal status. Yet to 
this day the sponsors of the legislation refuse to tell us how many 
would come into the country.
  What we do know is that the plan is not a merit-based plan as 
promised, but it is mostly lower skilled, meaning it will hurt our poor 
and working-class citizens the most. We have data that shows that. This 
will be a hammer blow for working-class Americans.
  The Civil Rights Commission had hearings, and members wrote us. They 
said it is going to devastate poor workers. They said,

       We don't have a shortage of lower-skilled workers. We have 
     a glut of lower-skilled workers.

  That is a direct quote from their letter. So let's compare our 
current situation when the legislation was introduced in 2007. Today, 5 
million more Americans are unemployed than in 2007; 20 million more 
Americans are on food stamps; and unemployment among teenagers is 54 
percent higher than in 2007. Meanwhile, median household income is 8.9 
percent lower than in 1999. That is huge.

  Professor Borjas at Harvard, himself an immigrant who studies 
immigration and economics, has said a large part of that decline is 
driven by the large immigration flow that comes into our country. This 
would increase it dramatically. We want to have immigration. We are not 
going to stop immigration. We are going to maintain a generous 
immigration flow. But the people need to know this bill increases it 
dramatically.
  CBO did a report on the legislation. This is what they found: 
Unequivocally, the legal immigration surge in this bill will reduce 
average wages for a decade. There is a chart in CBO's report. I had it 
on the Senate floor earlier. Wages will remain lower for many years 
after that than if the bill had never passed.
  What about unemployment, the number of people out of work? According 
to CBO, it will increase, and per capita, GNP will be lower for the 
next quarter of a century.
  Yes, you are going to have an increase in GDP--and our colleagues are 
quick to say that--because of the large new group of people. But that 
increase per person in America doesn't occur. It reduces the per capita 
GNP. And these are extremely conservative estimates. Dr. Borjas in his 
report suggests the situation will be worse than this.

[[Page S5346]]

  To whom do we owe our allegiance? To these groups who want more 
people in the high-tech world, agriculture world, meatpacking, or other 
businesses, or to the American citizens, who work hard, pay their 
taxes, fight our wars, and obey our laws? Who is speaking up for their 
legitimate interests?
  So the time is long past, as Prime Minister Cameron has said, for a 
national discussion over illegal immigration policies. We all believe 
in it. No one proposes ending immigration. It is a deep part of our 
tradition as a nation. But a nation has not only a right but a duty to 
establish a responsible flow that promotes assimilation of those who 
come here, promotes self-sufficiency, rising wages, and helps identify 
people who can flourish.
  The last thing we want to do is to invite people to come to America 
to work and find out there are no jobs for them here or that they are 
putting Americans out of work in order to get a job. That doesn't make 
sense. We have not had the kind of discussion we need. The data 
indicates, objectively speaking, that this will be a detriment to 
working Americans.
  A great nation needs a policy that promotes its legitimate national 
interests, that considers the tough time workers are having today as a 
result of high unemployment and falling wages, a policy that rejects 
ideas that will pull down even further the wages of hurting workers; 
that could, as Senator Sanders has said, create a permanent underclass 
in America. It is a dangerous thing. We need to do it right.
  The legislation before us is a dramatic step. I urge my colleagues to 
reject the bill and to work on a positive reform plan that serves the 
national interests of all Americans--immigrant and native born.
  Sadly, this legislation advances the interests of those who wrote 
it--many of them with very special interests--at the expense of the 
general public.
  The vote we are about to have is for final passage. The promises of 
an open and fair process have been as hollow as the promises that this 
bill would be the toughest ever and will end the lawlessness in the 
future forever. It just will not happen. Our law officers have told us 
this.
  This legislation is amnesty first. The legality occurs first. It 
plainly lacks the kind of mechanisms that are necessary to create a law 
enforcement system that will work. There is a lack of commitment to 
that. You can see it throughout the bill. It is not written by people 
who are out there every day and who know the problems with enforcement. 
If it were, they would have fixed so many of these problems that are 
fully shown throughout the bill.
  Yes, more money has been promised with the recent amendment for the 
border, but that is in the distant future. What about the rest of the 
bill? The E-Verify workplace enforcement system is terribly flawed. It 
has been delayed. It could be put to work right now. We don't need to 
wait 5 years as this bill does. Why it would be delayed that long is 
beyond me, unless you are not very interested in getting started and 
making sure that half the people are legalized and others can't come in 
and take a job who enter illegally.
  The entry-exit visa system in this bill, S. 744, this 1,000-page 
bill, is much weaker than current law. Current law says you must have a 
biometric entry-exit system at sea, air, and land ports. This bill says 
you only have to have an electronic system at airports and seaports, 
making the system incomplete and unable to identify who stays and who 
has returned home on time.
  Interior enforcement is much weaker--read the passionate letters from 
our law enforcement officers as I read this morning, pleading with us 
not to pass the bill because, they say, it will hurt enforcement and 
weaken national security.
  The method of processing those given legal status will not work. 
Citizenship and Immigration Services, which manages this, has one big 
objection to this bill. They say there is no way they can accomplish 
what will be asked of them if this bill is passed. They say it will 
lead to lawlessness, and they will be unable to identify dangerous 
people who should not be in the country.
  The PRESIDING OFFICER. The Senator has consumed 20 minutes.
  Mr. SESSIONS. I thank the Chair. I will be wrapping up. Far from 
having fines pay for the cost of this amnesty as the sponsors promised, 
this is a huge budget buster--a huge budget buster now. The ObamaCare 
provision that was supposed to ensure that persons who were given legal 
status did not get subsidized health care now provides an incentive for 
businesses not to hire American workers because they will have to pay 
the ObamaCare premiums but would hire foreign workers, the illegal 
workers who are now given legal status--they would be having 
multithousand-dollar advantages in hiring them over American workers.
  The legislation will not work. Let's continue to work through all 
these problems together. I do believe that this--our bill's sponsors 
are clearly correct to say we need to fix this broken system. A bill 
that will respond to the pleas of the American people for a lawful 
immigration system that serves our national interest and in which we 
can take pride is what I will support. How can we vote for a bill our 
own Congressional Budget Office says will reduce average wages in 
America for 12 years.
  We have in this group of American workers thousands, millions of 
immigrant workers, millions of minorities and African Americans and 
others at low wages. This legislation, at a time they are hurting very 
badly will reduce average wages for 12 years, will increase 
unemployment, and will reduce per capita GDP for over 25 years. This is 
policy we have to ask serious questions about, all this at a time of 
high unemployment, long-term falling wages, surging welfare and 
disability and dependency.
  It is not a healthy trend in America. We have to ask these questions. 
Our real focus, as Prime Minister Cameron has said, should be to work 
hard to train our people, our unemployed, our young people for jobs 
that pay a decent wage, have a health care and a retirement plan. This 
legislation will not end the lawlessness as our professional officers 
have repeatedly told us. It will not do so. It will give legality--
immunity, if you want to call it that--virtually immediately. There is 
a promise of enforcement in the future, but our officers say it will 
not happen. It is not going to happen now.
  I believe they are correct. I had the honor to be a Federal 
prosecutor for quite a long time and I know law officers and I know 
their difficulties and I totally agree with them.
  This was a letter that was written today from the ICE officer head, 
Mr. Chris Crane, a true patriot. He has worked so hard to do this. He 
said one of the problems with the bill:

       . . . is a failure to enforce the nation's immigration laws 
     on the interior of the United States. It is not a border 
     issue. It cannot and will not end as a result of increased 
     border security. It must be resolved through increased 
     interior enforcement.
       40% of all illegal immigrants currently in the United 
     States did not illegally cross the border, but instead 
     entered legally with a visa and didn't leave when it expired. 
     40,000 border patrol agents provided in your legislation will 
     never come into contact with these individuals. . . .

  Do you hear that, colleagues? These Border Patrol agents are never 
coming in contact with the people who are in the interior who came on 
visa and chose not to return. He goes on to say:

       Systems like E-Verify and biometric Entry/Exit--still 
     missing from your bill--may identify millions of illegal 
     immigrants and status violators, but ICE officers will not 
     exist to locate and apprehend them rendering the systems 
     useless. The majority of foreign nationals identified by 
     these systems will remain in the United States. . . .
       500,000 ICE fugitives are currently at large in the United 
     States. ICE estimates 2 million criminal aliens at large in 
     the United States, 900,000 criminal aliens are arrested by 
     local police each year.

  They go on to note there are only 5,000 ICE officers in America. This 
administration sued State and local governments that try to help the 
ICE officers get their job done.
  Then the joint statement today from the ICE and USCIS Officers 
Association says this:

       ICE officers and USCIS adjudications officers have pleaded 
     with lawmakers not to adopt this bill, but to work with us on 
     real, effective reforms for the American people.

  This bill, they say, is an:

       . . . anti-public safety bill and an anti-law enforcement 
     bill. We urge all lawmakers to oppose the final cloture vote 
     today and to oppose the bill.

  This legislation will not end the lawlessness. I wish it were 
different, but

[[Page S5347]]

those are the facts. It does not create a merit-based future flow as 
has been promised, and it leaves us in a very difficult position. I 
feel like there is no choice for us today. Let's vote no on the 
legislation. It is not going to end the efforts. We are going to have 
to continue to wrestle with this.
  The good news is that the House, at least initially, what I have seen 
in their work indicates they are giving a far more prudent approach to 
it. The first bill they produced--I tried to offer it as an amendment, 
but it did not get brought up--has an effective effort at improving 
interior law enforcement. That is the kind of thing we need to be 
doing. Then we can win the confidence of the American people, and we 
can move past this very difficult time in our history.
  I reserve the remainder of the time on this side.
  The PRESIDING OFFICER. The Senator from South Carolina.
  Mr. GRAHAM. Madam President, if I may, I say thank you to my good 
friend from Alabama. He is consistent. He has conducted himself 
incredibly well. He is a man of passion, and I agree with David Cameron 
and Jeff Sessions. Let's have a debate about immigration. But I am in 
the camp of let's stop talking about it and start doing something.
  This bill, in my view, is a giant step forward in many ways; No. 1, 
for the Senate. We are at 10 or 12 percent in approval rating for the 
Congress. My question is, Who are the 10 or 12 percent and what bill do 
they like? I am in the body and I don't disapprove of what we have been 
doing here. But I see this as a significant step toward the Senate 
being able to work together in a bipartisan fashion to do something 
that matters.
  Is this bill perfect? No. Is it like Senator Sessions described? No. 
It is a good solution to hard problems that can always be made better.
  But to the American people, you have to be frustrated by your 
Congress not being able to do the hard things or sometimes even the 
simple things. This should give people a little bit of hope that for 
the first time since 2007, the Senate, in a bipartisan fashion, is 
about to pass legislation on an important topic that is emotionally 
tough but needs to be dealt with.
  To the critics, I appreciate the debate this time around. It has been 
so much better, but some of the criticism I am going to address.
  Senator Rubio spoke in the most eloquent fashion about his family's 
history and about who we are as Americans. But everybody has a story. 
Marco's story is an exceptional story. I am the first person in my 
family to go to college. Neither one of my parents graduated high 
school. My dad and mom ran a restaurant, a liquor store, and a pool 
room, and I learned everything I needed to know about politics in the 
pool room--a great place to learn about people.
  But one of the critics of this bill, one of the organizations, said 
that the average illegal immigrant has a 10th-grade education. All I 
can tell you is you have a Senator who came from parents who did not 
have a 10th-grade education.
  To those who believe that how long you go to school determines your 
character, how much money is in the bank determines your worth, they do 
not understand America. Only in America can you do what Senator Rubio 
has done.
  My parents have long since passed. When I was 21, my mom died; 17 
years younger than my dad. We thought he would go first, but life is 
not so understandable and predictable. She went first and 15 months 
later he passed. As my sister was 12, an aunt and uncle helped raise my 
sister. They never made over $30,000 in their life. They worked in 
textile plants. She has turned out great in spite of having an 
overbearing brother. But I am in the Senate today. Why? Because I live 
in a country where anything is possible.
  There are a lot of self-made people in America. I am not one of them. 
If it were not for my family and my friends, I would not be here today.
  To those who say that among this illegal immigrant population they 
are just not well educated, you have no idea how offensive that is to a 
guy like me. So you can take your criticism and--we will just end it at 
that.
  Eighty million baby boomers are going to retire in the next 40 years. 
To my good friend from Alabama, who believes we have too much legal 
immigration, I am taking Strom Thurmond's place. He got married and 
started having kids when he was 67. Unless all of us start doing that, 
we have a problem because in 1955 there were 16 workers for every 
Social Security retiree; today there are three and in 20 years there is 
going to be two. Unless there is a baby boom that I don't see coming--
and I am part of problem. I am not married and I don't have any kids. 
Unless there is a baby boom we don't see, we better hope we can improve 
our legal immigration system.
  To my good friend from Alabama, I could not disagree with him more. 
We are going to need a lot more legal immigration than is in this bill. 
I wish we could do more. Who is going to take care of the baby boomers 
when we retire? Who is going to replace the workers in our economy if 
we do not have better legal immigration?
  What did the CBO say about this bill? If we pass this bill, over the 
next 20 years we reduce the deficit by $890 billion. How can that be? 
That means it is good for the economy. How can you reduce the deficit 
$890 billion if you do not create economic activity?
  To the American worker, the biggest threat to you is illegal 
immigration. Tell me how it is better for America to continue amnesty--
which is doing nothing and paying people under the table with no 
regulation. How did that help the American worker to compete against 
some person who is being paid under the table? This bill stops that. It 
brings people out of the shadows on our terms, not theirs.
  You get to stay here if we decide you can stay. We are regaining our 
sovereignty that has been lost. How do you get 11 million illegal 
immigrants in this country? Your system is broken from top to bottom. 
Every nation, including America, has the right to control its borders 
and control who gets a job and this bill does that and I am glad to 
have my name on it--and doing nothing is the worst thing for the 
American worker.
  We are going to stop paying people under the table. We are going to 
give you access to labor you have today if you can't find it. Have you 
ever been to a meatpacking plant? You go and find out who is working in 
that plant. Mostly Hispanics, people from other parts of the world, not 
because native-born Americans are lazy; we have higher hopes. There are 
parts of our economy, like it or not, that are dependent upon immigrant 
labor and our population is declining and our needs for legal 
immigration are growing. This bill does that.
  As it affects the economy, it will increase our GDP by 3.5 percent 
over time because it is good for America to have legal immigration. As 
to the 11 million, you will be brought out of the shadows and you will 
stay on our terms.
  If they committed a felony or multiple misdemeanors, they are not 
eligible. Here is what we are going to allow: They will go through a 
criminal background check, pay a fine, get right with the law, and then 
they will have legal status. Here is what they will get to do: They 
will get to pay taxes, like the rest of us, and get to know the IRS. 
Welcome to America.
  We are going to create order out of chaos. We are going to get people 
working and paying in rather than taking out under the table. What we 
are going to do above all else, ladies and gentlemen, is we are going 
to prove to ourselves that we can work together for the common good.
  I have never been more proud to be involved in an issue than I have 
trying to fix illegal immigration because it is a national security 
threat, it is an economic threat, and it is a cultural threat.
  As to my politics, I am doing great among Hispanics in South 
Carolina. The bad news is that there are not very many who vote in the 
Republican primary. I think the good news for me is I have tried 
working with my colleagues, the Gang of 8, and our staffs to start a 
process that will pay great dividends.
  To Senators Grassley and Leahy, thank you.
  To the Democratic and Republican Members, thank you so much. I have 
never been more proud to be in the Senate than I am today.

[[Page S5348]]

  To my critics, I respect their criticism. I thank them for a healthy 
debate.
  To the American people, slowly but surely we are beginning to come 
together in your Senate, the greatest deliberative body in history, to 
do important work.
  And to the 11 million, you will have a second chance. Take advantage 
of it. Embrace the fact that you are being given a second chance.
  To the American people, our best days lie ahead, and what makes us 
special--and I will close with this--is that being French means you are 
French, being German means you are German. Being an American means 
nothing about where you come from, your race, religion, background, or 
ethnic origin. Being an American is an idea that so many people 
embrace.
  Ladies and gentlemen, being an American is something everybody wants 
to be part of, apparently. Unfortunately, we cannot allow everybody in 
or it will create a chaotic situation.
  I thank Senator Durbin, who has protected the American worker, but I 
want to tell my colleagues in the Senate that this is a day I have been 
hoping and waiting for.
  Thank you all so very much.
  The PRESIDING OFFICER. The Senator from Illinois.
  Mr. DURBIN. Madam President, first let me thank Senator Graham, 
Senator McCain, Senator Rubio, Senator Flake, and on our side Senator 
Schumer, Senator Menendez, and my friend Senator Bennet. The eight of 
us came together to create a bill, and in the end we did a lot more--we 
created a bond of friendship and trust and a life experience that none 
of us will ever forget.
  Each of us brought our special pleadings to this negotiation. I 
argued for the protection of refugees, American workers, access to 
immigration courts and counsel, reforming the flawed H-1B program, a 
path to citizenship that was a challenge but fair. But my colleagues 
knew from the start that there was one issue that was more important to 
me than any other.
  It was 12 years ago when I first introduced the DREAM Act. I did it 
for this young woman, Tereza Lee. They were about to deport her from 
Chicago back to Korea. She was 18 years old. She didn't know any other 
country but the United States. She had been accepted at the Manhattan 
conservatory of music. She was an outstanding pianist. And she was 
about to be deported. I thought that was wrong. I introduced the DREAM 
Act to help her, and it turns out, hundreds of thousands just like her.
  Incidentally, this story ends well. She finished her education, and 
she is now working on a Ph.D. in music. She played in Carnegie Hall. 
She married an American, and she is a citizen. Would America have been 
a better place if Tereza Lee had been deported? Of course not.
  Over the years the plight of Tereza Lee and this bill, the DREAM Act, 
became a cause--a national campaign. In the beginning teenagers used to 
come up to me in Chicago, filled with emotion, in the dark of night, 
and meet me at my car with tears in their eyes and say: I am a DREAMer. 
Can you help me? Over time, their numbers grew, and so did their 
courage. They stood up, as they have so many times and in so many 
places, and said: I am willing to fight to be part of America's future. 
It wasn't easy for them.
  A few years ago I had a press conference right here in the Capitol. I 
invited the DREAMers to tell their stories. A hate-filled Congressman 
from Colorado called the immigration authorities and said: Arrest those 
kids. Well, they were not arrested. They left that press conference 
even more determined to see the DREAM Act become a reality.
  Time and again we called the bill on the Senate floor and it failed. 
We couldn't break the filibuster. Two and a half years ago the 
galleries were filled with DREAMers in caps and gowns. We called the 
bill for a vote, and we lost. We had 55 votes, and we couldn't break 
the filibuster.
  One of the saddest meetings I ever had took place afterwards. I went 
downstairs and met with these DREAMers after the bill failed.
  Their heads were down and they were crying and they said: What can we 
do?
  I said to them: I am never giving up on you. Don't give up on me.
  Well, today I have a message for Gaby, Tolu, and all the DREAMers in 
the galleries here and all around the country: Your courage inspired 
us, your determination kept us going, and your faith in the only 
country you have ever called home has been rewarded. This bill before 
us has the strongest DREAM Act ever written.
  I listened to my colleagues come to the floor and speak about 
immigration. Those of us who support this bill haven't talked a lot 
about the details of the bill. We have talked about what this means to 
us in our personal lives and what immigration means to America. So in 
full disclosure I have to tell everyone that the first DREAMer in my 
life was brought to America at the age of 2. She was the child of 
Lithuanian immigrants, and she grew up in poverty but was determined to 
become a citizen. Her dream came true when she was naturalized at the 
age of 24. That was my mother, and I dedicate this vote today to her 
memory.
  For anyone in this Chamber who believes this is just another vote, go 
to a naturalization ceremony. Watch those new citizens with those flags 
in their hands as they take that oath to be part of this country. One 
cannot help but feel the emotion that courses through them at that 
moment.
  Let me say a final word about the Senate. I am proud to represent the 
great State of Illinois, and I am proud to be one of the 1,947 
Americans who have ever had this honor--to stand on the floor as a 
Member of the U.S. Senate. We were elected to make this Nation better.
  The eight of us came together across the aisle. We cussed one 
another, we cheered one another, and we wrote a bill together. Now, to 
my fellow colleagues in the Senate, it is your turn. Reach across the 
aisle and show the American people that this Senate can still rise to 
the challenge. Show this skeptical Nation that their faith in our 
Founding Fathers will be honored by our generation of Senators.
  I yield the floor.
  The PRESIDING OFFICER. The Senator from Arizona.
  Mr. McCAIN. Madam President, I thank Senator Durbin for his 
compelling remarks and his deep and abiding concern for many years for 
the so-called DREAMers. I thank my other my six colleagues for their 
involvement, and I also thank Senator Corker and Senator Hoeven for 
their effort on this bill. I thank my colleague Senator Flake for his 
outstanding work. I would like to also mention Senator Lindsey Graham, 
who gave his own unique perspective, as well as my friend from Colorado 
Senator Bennet and also Senator Schumer, who has played such an 
important and valuable leadership role.
  The word ``friend'' is tossed around this body quite often, perhaps 
with not as much sincerity as we would like, but these seven 
individuals are my friends. More importantly, they are friends of 
America. They are friends who realize that we were sent here by our 
constituents to achieve results, and I don't know at this particular 
time of a greater issue in which we should be involved.
  We have heard a lot of personal stories here today, and I am deeply 
moved by all of them. There is another human story. In fact, there are 
millions of them. I would like to tell a few of them.
  Over the last week the Arizona newspapers have reported that eight 
bodies were found in the Arizona desert. The Arizona desert today, my 
friends, is in triple-digit temperatures.
  On June 21 the Arizona Republic reported:

       Four men may have been dead three days before their bodies 
     were found in the Arizona desert by U.S. Border Patrol agents 
     . . . Two men had Mexican identifications, and the other two 
     didn't have identification.

  On June 24 the Associated Press reported:

       Maricopa County Sheriff's deputies found another dead body 
     in the Arizona desert near Gila Bend . . . just days after 
     four bodies were found in the same area . . . No 
     identification was found on the body and there were no signs 
     of trauma or foul play.

  On June 27, today, the Arizona Daily Star reported:

       Three decomposing bodies were found by Tucson Sector Border 
     Patrol agents in the desert in two separate incidents over 
     the weekend.

  The Yuma Sun reported yesterday:

       There have been 12 people rescued from the desert by Yuma 
     Sector agents. Six others were not located and died in the 
     wilderness.


[[Page S5349]]


  The list goes on and on.
  Since 2007--the last time we tried to pass this legislation--more 
than 2,425 immigrants have died trying to cross our southwest border. 
These are people who wanted to come to this country because they wanted 
to realize the American dream. That is what they wanted. That is what 
they risked their lives and, in fact, gave their lives for--and, yes, 
they did so illegally. They were willing to pay a penalty for crossing 
our border illegally. Shouldn't we give them the same chance we have 
given generation after generation of immigrants who have come to this 
country? There has been wave after wave of Irish, Italians, Jews, 
Poles, and now people from all over the world who want to come to this 
country. Shouldn't we do that? Isn't it in us to bring 11 million 
people out of the shadows who are now being exploited and have none of 
the protections of citizenship?
  Well, how do we address that? This legislation does secure the 
border, and I can tell everyone, from 30 years of being on the border, 
this bill secures the border, and anyone who says it doesn't does not 
understand our security needs. I have been there, and I have seen the 
technology. This is technology that was developed in Iraq and 
Afghanistan, which will give us surveillance. Yes, there is a bill with 
20,000 new Border Patrol agents, but the fact is that the technology 
that is there now will give us the ability for 100 percent situational 
awareness and the ability to intercept. I guarantee it to my friends 
because I saw it work. There are 700 miles of total fencing that will 
be added--700 miles. As we all know, we will also have additional 
Border Patrol agents.
  What is the key to this bill? The key to this bill is not only that 
we have the fencing on the border and the Border Patrol, but it is the 
40 percent of the people who are here illegally who came here and 
overstayed their visas. They didn't cross the southwest border. What do 
we do about that? We dry up the magnet, and that is the E-Verify 
program, which makes sure that every person who wants to come to this 
country illegally will know they cannot get a job here. Within 5 years 
we will have an E-Verify system that I am confident--and more 
importantly, so are the people who are really knowledgeable about 
this--will be a full-proof system with 95 percent effectiveness.
  This legislation will not only give us a secure border, but it will 
address the key element because people who now want to come here 
illegally will know they cannot. Employers will know that if they hire 
someone who is here illegally, they will pay a severe penalty for doing 
so. We have to dry up the magnet.
  So today there are 11 million people who are in violation, and they 
don't have the protection of our laws. I would like to mention again 
the people who are coming across our borders. There is a thing called 
coyotes. Does anyone know what coyotes are? They are drug cartel 
people. They are the most evil people on Earth. They take these people 
in groups, and they bring them across the border. Many times, the 
reason we find these bodies in the desert is because they say: We are 
leaving you here. Tucson is right over the hill. Thousands have died in 
the desert. Do my colleagues know what they do sometimes when they get 
them all the way up to Phoenix? They keep them in drop houses jammed 
together and they hold them for ransom under the most unspeakable 
conditions. Do my colleagues know what else they do? They abuse the 
people they bring up. I won't go into the details of how they do that. 
It is an unacceptable situation.

  Fifty thousand Mexican citizens have been killed by the drug cartels. 
Last year, hundreds of migrants were missing or killed in Mexico, more 
than 20,000 were kidnapped, and many are regularly beaten. The Mexican 
Government doesn't know exactly how to handle this situation, and it is 
all complicated by drugs which we are creating the demand for.
  I have had the great opportunity in my life to have many experiences, 
and the one I will never forget was on July 4 of 2007. Senator Lindsey 
Graham, Senator Joe Lieberman, my beloved friend, and I were in Baghdad 
for the Fourth of July. General Petraeus had requested that we speak at 
a reenlistment ceremony where about 800 brave young men and women 
serving in the military were reenlisting to stay and fight. There was 
another group of some 80-some who were green card holders who, because 
they had joined the military, had an accelerated path to citizenship. I 
was honored to be there. I was honored to speak to them. In the front 
row, there were four empty seats with boots on them representing men 
who were green card holders who had lost their lives in combat in the 
previous 48 hours, men who had been willing to risk their lives and 
serve our country in order to be citizens of this country. I have never 
been so deeply moved.
  Let's give these 11 million people a chance to do the same.
  I yield the floor.
  The PRESIDING OFFICER. The Senator from Texas.
  Mr. CORNYN. Madam President, I know the Gang of 8 members who were 
responsible for the basic framework of this legislation have done 
tremendous work and have advanced the substance and tone of our 
discussion immeasurably since 2007, which is the last time we had a 
major immigration bill on the floor.
  I think the American people now understand the status quo is simply 
unacceptable. We have a broken immigration system which, in the words 
of my friend from Florida Senator Marco Rubio is effectively a de facto 
amnesty, because we have a system that is lawless and it is 
uncontrolled and it operates neither in the best interests of our 
country economically nor represents our values.
  The American people are famously generous and compassionate. As a 
society we believe in second chances. All of us have benefited from 
second chances in life, and I believe the American people believe those 
who have come here to America in violation of our immigration laws, if 
they are willing to step up, pay a fine, register, and live in 
compliance with our laws, should get a second chance as well.
  As a matter of fact, polling shows the American people support a 
permanent legalization program for 11 million immigrants living in the 
United States but only--only--if they are convinced the Congress has 
made sure they will never ever have to do this again. In other words, I 
believe the American people believe if the borders were controlled; if 
they believed we had a biometric entry-exit system which would track 
visitors who enter the country and who never leave, which is 40 percent 
of illegal immigration; if they believed we actually had an effective 
E-Verify or employment verification system that would determine at the 
worksite when someone shows up to work they are legally qualified to 
work in America--I believe if we had those three legs to the stool in 
place, the American people would do, once again, the generous thing, 
the compassionate thing, and give second chances to the 11 million 
people who are here.
  But the problem with this bill--and I say this more out of sadness 
than anything else--the promises of this bill have simply not been 
kept. We were told 6 months ago the pathway to citizenship was 
contingent upon border security and these other enforcement measures 
taking place. When it wasn't, I proposed an amendment which would 
condition the transfer for probationary status to legal permanent 
residency on a certification that the objectives on operational 
security of the border had been met. I believed that by doing so, we 
would realign all of the incentives for the political parties--for 
Independents, for conservatives, for liberals--everybody would be 
focused like a laser on how to get this done, how to hit the mark.
  I believe, if we had a mechanism in this bill which did not depend on 
Congress keeping future promises of performance, we could regain the 
trust and confidence of the American people such that we could get to a 
successful outcome.
  Unfortunately, as the Presiding Officer knows, the proposal I made to 
do exactly that has been rejected. In fact, the assistant Democratic 
leader made the point recently in June that permanent legalization has 
now been delinked from border security.
  But I believe the problems of this legislation go well beyond the 
border. When I offered 5,000 Border Patrol agents, I was told that--
even though the Gang of 8 bill offered zero Border

[[Page S5350]]

Patrol agents, I was told that was a budget-buster. It was simply 
unaffordable--5,000 new Border Patrol agents. But now we find 20,000 
additional Border Patrol agents provided for in this bill. Now we have 
been told that we have essentially a surge of law enforcement to the 
border and a huge investment in new technology and boots on the ground.
  The only thing missing is a plan to make sure those people are 
actually effectively deployed and that technology will actually be 
deployed in a way that secures the border. I know the surge worked in 
Afghanistan, but I am not so sure we need a military surge in South 
Texas, and particularly in the absence of any plan to make sure people 
are going to be effectively utilized.
  What is more, I would say I do not believe the promises made in this 
bill will ever be kept. I do not believe we will ever have an extra 
20,000 Border Patrol agents. I do not believe the huge investment in 
technology will ever be made because it depends not just on this 
Congress and this administration but future Congresses and future 
administrations.
  So we have, in essence, the American people being asked to grant the 
gift of a pathway to citizenship, to demonstrate the typical American 
belief in second chances and demonstrate their compassion. But, in 
essence, they have been tricked, once again, to trade that in exchange 
for hollow promises of future action. I think it is an unacceptable 
deal.

  The problems with this legislation also extend beyond that. This bill 
grants immediate legal status to people with multiple misdemeanors and 
convictions for driving while intoxicated and spousal abuse. As a 
matter of fact, a person can have been deported out of the country for 
having committed a crime yet be eligible for reentry into the country 
and eligible for probationary status under this bill. I think that is 
shocking. I understand why we would want to give people who are 
economic migrants an opportunity to get right with the law and to get 
on with their lives, but why in the world would we want to extend that 
generosity to people who show nothing but contempt for the rule of law?
  This bill also hinders law enforcement by making confidential the 
information contained in applications for probationary status that are 
rejected. This happened back in 1986. And I remember a quote, I believe 
it was from the senior Senator from New York after that time, to the 
effect that that was one of the biggest sources of fraud in the amnesty 
of 1986. My hope would be we would not repeat that mistake again by 
keeping that information confidential and away from law enforcement 
authorities, thereby hindering their efforts to root out fraud and make 
sure only people who legally qualify for this generosity are able to do 
so.
  The other problem with this bill is it simply is a budget-buster. I 
was told 5,000 Border Patrol agents that would be paid for out of the 
$8.3 billion trust fund created by this bill was too much, but now we 
have $30 billion more in additional spending being promised. The 
argument is that somehow this is free money and it doesn't cost a penny 
because under the CBO score, there will actually be a reduction in 
deficits. The problem is that is double-counting the money. It is the 
money coming into the Treasury because of people who are now 
registered, who are paying into Social Security and the like. But it 
takes that money to spend on these other programs and does not 
appreciate or recognize the fact that money is also going to need to be 
available to pay future benefits for these same people. That is double-
counting. That is phony bookkeeping, and we ought to reject it.
  The truth is, this bill adds to the budget deficit an additional 
roughly $14 billion as presently written. At a time when our debt is at 
$17 trillion, it strikes me as the wrong thing to do to say we are 
going to add further to that debt and jeopardize our fiscal health for 
the country as a whole going forward.
  I will close with this. It gives me great pain to say that I think 
this is an opportunity we have failed to take advantage of. I think we 
could have done better and we should have done better. This bill is 
unworthy of my support and it will be unworthy of support by a number 
of Members. But my hope is the House of Representatives takes up this 
issue and we can somehow find our way to a conference committee with 
the House and produce a bill we can eventually put on the President's 
desk. It will not be like this bill, I am confident of that. The House 
has far different views. But what we do have that we didn't have in 
2007 is I think a true bipartisan consensus that the status quo is 
unacceptable and we have to do better. Unfortunately, this bill doesn't 
keep the promises that were made originally, and for that, I truly 
regret it.
  The PRESIDING OFFICER. The Senator from New York.
  Mr. SCHUMER. Madam President, we are now approaching the final hour 
of this debate on how to fix our broken immigration system--the debate 
we have been having for 3 weeks here on the Senate floor, for 7 months 
among the Gang of 8, and for decades in this Nation. I want to 
profoundly thank my colleagues in the Gang of 8. I will have more to 
say about each of them after we vote. I also wish to thank all of my 
staff who did such a great job.
  When I look out my window from my home in Brooklyn, I see the torch 
of Lady Liberty shining brightly and I can see and feel the promise of 
America and the covenant of America.
  There is an unwritten covenant between America and those who 
immigrate here. It says if you come here with a dream, with a will to 
work hard, follow the rules and contribute, we will give you a chance 
to become an American and, in the process, to make America a better 
place than it was before you got here.
  In choosing this country, whether it is my friend Marco Rubio's 
parents from Cuba or my grandparents and great-grandparents who fled 
persecution from Europe, immigrants bring an appreciation for the 
choices and opportunity that are unique to America. They often love 
America even more than native-born Americans. We take that appreciation 
for granted.
  It is, therefore, not a surprise that CBO says this bill will grow 
our economy by 3.3 percent over the next 10 years and 5.4 percent over 
the next 20. CBO has simply enumerated a concept that many of us 
already knew: Immigrants have always been the greatest engine of 
economic growth, innovation, and renewal that this country has ever 
known. There is no greater economic engine than the long hours 
immigrants work with no complaint for the chance to achieve economic 
stability and prosperity for themselves and for their families.
  According to CBO, it is a far greater engine for economic growth than 
any spending program Democrats might traditionally propose or any tax 
cut Republicans might traditionally propose. Whether it is highly 
skilled immigrants inventing new technologies or lower skilled 
immigrants toiling in our fields or all of those in between, immigrants 
have been an essential component to our American success story.
  To reject this basic truth in this vote today would be a direct 
rebuke to the lady who shines so brightly in New York's harbor.
  But just like today, our history has had many other instances where 
the fate of the American covenant with our immigrants has been tested. 
And, in the end, it has always survived stronger than it was before.
  It has survived because all of us know if America is to remain the 
greatest Nation in the world, a beacon of hope and freedom for all to 
aspire to, we must always live up to the covenant that is represented 
by the great Lady in the Harbor.
  This bill is our best chance, and may be our last chance, to maintain 
that covenant through the next generation of Americans, and to maintain 
the greatness of America. This bill includes input from almost every 
Member of this body.
  I cannot think of two more vocal critics of the bill than the 
Senators from Alabama and Iowa, but even they have amended the bill in 
multiple places to make it better.
  That is what makes this bill strong; that is what makes this bill 
good. It has garnered support from the most diverse coalition of groups 
any bill has ever seen: U.S. Chamber of Commerce; AFL-CIO; the faith 
community, including Evangelicals and Catholics; the

[[Page S5351]]

high-tech community; America's farmers and farm workers; the law 
enforcement community; the immigrant rights community.
  Now, what does this bill do? Simply put, it does three simple things: 
It will prevent future waves of illegal immigration; it will provide a 
tremendous boost for the American economy by rationalizing future legal 
immigration; and it will fairly and conclusively address the status of 
people currently here illegally.
  Let's look at the actual facts of what the bill does to end illegal 
immigration.
  If the bill passes, anyone who wants to try to cross the border 
illegally will have to get over an 18-foot steel pedestrian fence and 
past border agents standing every 1,000 feet apart from Brownsville to 
San Diego.
  Future waves of illegal immigration will be prevented if this bill is 
passed. That is not a wish, it is not a hope, it is a fact.
  People have argued that we should not pass this bill because past 
efforts have failed to prevent illegal immigration. But let's not be so 
defeatist that we throw up our hands and declare we are incapable of 
learning from our past mistakes.
  Under their logic, the famous expression would be changed: When you 
fall off a bicycle, make sure you never ride a bicycle again.
  Finally, I do not countenance the way the 11 million undocumented 
immigrants living in our midst got here. But they are here now, and 
deporting all of them is unpractical, unrealistic, and wrong to 
consider.
  Our bill will tell these individuals if they are willing to keep 
their end of the covenant, their road may be harder and longer than 
everyone else's road--a 10-year probationary period, no benefits or 
assistance of any kind--but it too can end with being given the chance 
to earn American citizenship if they work hard and pay taxes and play 
by the rules.
  So the bill is the right thing to do from top to bottom. It has more 
deficit reduction than our best deficit-reducing packages. It will 
stimulate the economy more than any stimulus bill, and it will make our 
border more secure than it has ever been in our history.
  So now there are simply no more legitimate excuses to vote against 
this bill. Opponents of the bill have given three stated excuses for 
opposing the bill, each of which has been resoundingly refuted.
  They said the process is unfair, but it has been the most open 
process we have seen in a long time. They said it was going to bust the 
budget and take away American jobs. CBO refuted that.
  Finally, they said the bill will not secure the border. But we have 
the toughest border security and enforcement in any immigration bill 
ever written.
  Here is what a vote against this bill says: It says it would be nice 
to reduce the debt, but not if it helps immigrants. It says it would be 
nice to grow the economy, but not if it helps immigrants. It says it 
would be nice to end illegal immigration in our security, but not if it 
helps immigrants.
  Those are the three stated reasons. The only reason left to vote 
against this bill is the unstated reason--opposition to a path to 
citizenship for the 11 million.
  Make no mistake about it, the support this bill has generated in the 
Senate will make it impossible to ignore. I believe the support this 
bill will receive today in the Senate will propel it to pass the House 
and be placed for signature on the President's desk by the end of the 
year.
  That is because in our hearts we know immigrants have always been 
part of the fabric of America. While there have always been people who 
have rejected immigrants--from the know-nothings to the exclusionists--
we have always seen the better angels of our nature prevail in the end.
  At times like these, when our better angels are tested, to reject 
this bill would tear the fabric of America asunder. It would declare 
that America no longer seeks to be the shining city on the hill that 
attracts and is admired by people around the globe.
  Pass this bill, and let's keep the American covenant alive. Pass this 
bill, and let the bright torch of Lady Liberty continue to shine 
brightly as a beacon to those around the globe for generations to come.
  I yield the floor.
  The PRESIDING OFFICER (Ms. Warren). The Senator from Alabama.
  Mr. SESSIONS. Madam President, as I have looked at the legislation--
and we have wrestled with what goes in it--I will just share with my 
colleagues my perspective, having been in charge of enforcing Federal 
laws as a U.S. attorney in the interior of the country.
  We need to understand a couple things. The border is very important. 
There has been wide open illegality at our borders for years.
  San Diego, a number of years ago, was having drugs, crimes, violence. 
They built a fence and prosperity rose on both sides of the fence. 
Crime went down. It just had to be done, and they have been very happy 
with it.
  That helps a lot, and it is not at all impossible for us to get our 
border under control today. It does not require that much more than 
current capacity, but what we need is an absolute commitment from the 
President and the Director of Homeland Security to get that done. We 
have lacked that.
  I want to move beyond just the requirements of the border. There are 
other areas that are critical to having a lawful system of immigration. 
Those include entry-exit visas, and that includes workplace 
enforcement.
  Under current law, Congress has passed--and actually there have been 
six laws to this effect in the last 10 years--these laws require that 
there be an entry-exit biometric visa system at all air, sea, and land 
ports. The 9/11 Commission recommended that. The 9/11 Commission--when 
they had a review of what had been done toward accomplishing their 
recommendations--they went back to it and warned that we had not 
completed it. It is current law. It requires a biometric entry-exit 
system.
  People who come into our country today are fingerprinted, but when 
they leave the country they are not checked. So we do not know--when 
they got their visa and they entered the country--whether they ever 
left.
  There are arguments that have been made that it would cost billions 
and billions of dollars. But a pilot project, which I just discovered 
recently--I did not know it was there--was in Atlanta and one of the 
other airports. In Atlanta, they did this: A person goes through the 
airport to depart from the United States, they go by a handheld 
fingerprint-reading machine--police officers have them in their cars; 
they can stop a drunk driver and check their fingerprints right on the 
side of the road--they put their finger on that, they go out of the 
gate, and you know whether they have departed the country.
  So this is a significant technological advancement. It works. In 
Atlanta, when they did that, they caught over 100 people on the watch 
list--people for whom there were felony warrants, people on the 
terrorist watch list. They knew, and we have a record of the people who 
left the country.
  That is critical to our system. We have almost gotten there. But 
there has been a failure to see it happen because some people do not 
want it to happen. That is not in this legislation. This bill 
eliminates the requirement of a biometric system, and it eliminates the 
requirement that we have an exit system at the border. It is only air 
and sea. That is a major diminishment of an absolutely critical part of 
our system. It is going to be even more critical.
  Why will it be more critical? Because we are going to have the 
doubling of the number of people who come to our country on visas, and 
we are going to have an increased problem of visa overstays. The 
Congressional Budget Office warned of that in their report. It is 
obvious. The Citizenship and Immigration Services and the ICE officers 
have warned of it repeatedly to us in their letters. So this has to be 
a part of our system. It just has to be. The fact that it is not in 
there indicates the people who drafted the bill had no real interest in 
seeing enforcement enhanced, but they actually wanted to allow the 
enforcement to be weakened. So that is a nonstarter. This has been in 
the law for over 10 years.
  So the ICE officers have told us: Look, 40 percent of the people now 
who are here illegally came by visa overstays. But that is going to 
increase dramatically for a lot of reasons. One

[[Page S5352]]

of them is we are going to double the number of people who come by 
visas under this bill.
  So they have warned us that this concern about a de facto amnesty 
will continue because we have no people on the interior of the United 
States to enforce the law. You are going to 40,000 Border Patrol 
agents, but only 5,000 people inside the interior of the entire United 
States of America.
  This President, as part of his systematic plan to stop enforcement, 
has sued States and broken the 287(g) agreements with States that allow 
them to participate and help the ICE officers do their jobs. States 
cannot prosecute people. States cannot deport people. But States can, 
as part of their job, when a police officer arrests somebody for a 
crime or drunk driving--and they identify them as being illegally in 
the country--they can take them to the ICE officers and help them do 
their job. And there are agreements to do this to this effect.
  What has happened? This administration has eliminated those 
agreements and canceled the program. I helped write the program. Lots 
of States were participating happily in it, and they were not being 
forced to do anything they did not want to do, but it allowed them to 
be more effective in doing their job.
  So the problem is when you see that missing in this 1,200-page bill, 
but you see provision after provision after provision that focuses on 
other issues, focuses on issues important to special interests who 
helped write the bill. Then you begin to get suspicious about what is 
happening. That is why the ICE officers and the Citizenship and 
Immigration Services were so concerned about not being able to 
participate in the program effectively and to share their views. It is 
clear they did not want their views.
  So President Obama--although it has been maintained pretty carefully 
that he was not involved in writing the legislation, it appears he 
quite clearly was. They are not happy with the ICE officers. The ICE 
officers actually sued Secretary Napolitano for stopping them from 
enforcing the law they have sworn to enforce. They say they are being 
required to violate their oath and their commitment to the law by 
policies from politicians in the Homeland Security Department. They 
have written it in letter after letter after letter, openly saying the 
politicians in the Department are overriding the law--directing us and 
undermining our ability to do what we are sworn to do. They have a 
lawsuit pending about it. I have never heard of that, that officers 
would do that.
  Then we have the confusion over the E-Verify system. Senator Portman 
improved the bill dramatically with his amendment--or would have. He 
was not able to get it up for a vote. But the E-Verify system is in 
place today and it is utilized by governments and by contractors who do 
work for the government. I think people who want to voluntarily use it 
can use it.
  You can give a Social Security number to your boss or your employer-
to-be and he runs it and checks. What they find is many illegal workers 
are using the same Social Security number as other people. The computer 
and the Social Security department catches that. That tells the 
employer there are six different people using this Social Security 
number. You should not hire this person until he has been checked out.
  So that is the way the E-Verify system works. It takes about 3 
minutes. It has a 99-percent accuracy rate, but the forces out there 
have blocked the legislation for E-Verify. Even this minimum standard 
that is operating today, we had to fight to get an extension. I had to 
hold up legislation to guarantee that they would at least extend the 
current system because there are forces out there that put in big money 
that do not like this project. They do not like it. They want to end 
it. They are afraid it will be expanded.
  Any plan that pretends to be serious about workplace enforcement has 
to utilize the E-Verify. Well, this bill, instead of just taking the 
system and expanding it--which would not take much effort; computers 
are capable of handling the numbers--instead of just doing that, they 
have done it in a way that delays it for 5 years. So to me this 
indicates there is not an intensity of interest after the amnesty has 
been given.
  After people have been given legal status, they will be given a 
Social Security number. They will not be hurt by having to have their 
number checked. They will have a legitimate Social Security number. 
They will be legal. They will take any job out there. But the people 
who come in later, the people who did not qualify, people who otherwise 
were criminals and should not be getting a job and do not qualify for 
this provisional status, they would be identified for years under this 
system. It indicates a lack of seriousness in the commitment.
  I see Senator Grassley is here. I will wrap up by saying that 
creating a lawful system of immigration requires more than border 
enforcement. It is important but you have to have interior enforcement. 
You have to have workplace enforcement. You have to have entry-exit 
visa enforcement. This is critical.
  As I have been stressing, we do not talk about it enough. The bill 
also sets out in its 1,200 pages the future flow of workers into 
America. Our colleagues have said it is a merit-based system. We have a 
points system. Unfortunately, that is not substantially correct. It 
looks to us like less than 15 percent of the people enter into our 
country under our plan by a merit-based system. Canada does that. They 
are very happy with that. I think about 60 percent of their people do 
so. The more education you have, the more job skills you have, the more 
fluency you have in the language, you get more points.
  Under this merit-based system, it has about 15 percent of the people 
covered by it in a point system. The fact that your brother is here is 
equal to 10 points. If you have a 4-year college degree, that is only 
equal to 5 points. It takes a master's degree to get 10 points, equal 
to the family connection points. So the point system is still heavily 
skewed to things other than actual job skills, education level, and the 
ability to be productive and flourish in our society.
  We want to bring people to our country who are going to be able to 
flourish, do well, be able to find a job, and not be unemployed or the 
only skill they have is one that Americans are applying for in big 
numbers and they would take a job from an American, unemploying an 
American. So we have to create a system that serves the national 
interest and identifies the kind of workers the country needs and we 
can absorb as a part of the over 1 million or so people we admit each 
year lawfully into America.
  That makes sense to me. Also, the guest worker programs are 
exceedingly complex. There are W programs, there are E programs. There 
are different kinds of programs throughout this whole bill. The net 
result, the number of people who come not to be permanent citizens, not 
to be immigrants, but come as guest workers will double under this 
legislation. That makes it harder for the legal immigrant who is new in 
America trying to find work to get a job. They are having to compete 
with the guest workers. So those are the kinds of things we need to be 
thinking about as we go forward.
  I wish to express my appreciation to the ranking member of the 
Judiciary Committee, Senator Chuck Grassley. He has been a student of 
this problem since 1986. He has shared with us his perspective on it. 
He has a deep conviction that if we go through this process again, it 
needs to be done in a way that we can be proud of a few years later, 
not be embarrassed about as we were after 1986.
  So we would create a system that allows a lawful flow to occur but 
stops the illegal flow in the future. That is the problem I think this 
legislation has, among others.
  Senator Grassley, thank you for your efforts. Good work. I have 
enjoyed working with you and Senator Leahy, who conducted a tough 
series of hearings. He let us have votes. We got a lot of votes in the 
Judiciary Committee. He asked if anybody else had another amendment 
when we finished. We got it done. That has not happened on the floor 
today. We have only had nine votes, and three of those were motions to 
table very important amendments that deserved more consideration than 
that.
  I yield the floor.
  The PRESIDING OFFICER. The Senator from Iowa.

[[Page S5353]]

  Mr. GRASSLEY. Madam President, I would like to make an inquiry about 
time. We were supposed to start the last 20 minutes. Is it OK if I 
start now with my final remarks?
  The PRESIDING OFFICER. Without objection, it is so ordered.
  Mr. GRASSLEY. Madam President, my colleagues have often heard me 
speak of my opposition to the legislation that is before us. They have 
not heard me speak about my opposition to immigration reform. As I have 
said so many times on this floor and in committee, or even to the 
press, I have not heard a single Senator say the existing system status 
quo ought to be maintained.
  There are a lot of opinions about what should be done. So as we have 
seen over the last few weeks, immigration is an emotional issue that 
engenders strong feelings on both sides of the aisle. Saying it for a 
second time: Everyone wants reform, but everyone has their own ideas 
and different solutions.
  Coming into the debate, I think my position has been very clear. I 
made it very clear because I have the experience of the 1986 
legislation. That was legislation legalizing; it did not solve the 
problem. We screwed up in 1986 by not securing the border first, even 
though we had the intention that would happen. Today, we are right back 
at the same place talking about the same problems, proposing the same 
solutions. Unfortunately, the process has not allowed us to 
fundamentally improve the bill. We have not been able to vote up or 
down on commonsense amendments. There has been 550 amendments filed. We 
have taken up about a dozen.

  Despite the fact that the American people want the border secured 
before we provide a path to legalization, there appears to be a 
majority of this body who believes legalization must come first. Next 
Monday and Tuesday I will be holding 11 townhall meetings in Iowa. I 
know what I am going to hear from my people: Yeah, we need immigration 
legislation. But first we need to enforce the laws that are already on 
the books before you consider anything new.
  Despite what the Gang of 8 wrote in their framework for immigration 
reform, legalization is not--emphasis upon ``not''--contingent upon our 
success in securing our borders and addressing visa overstays. The bill 
will not ensure that a future Congress is not back 25 years from now 
dealing with the very same problems. We need a bill that insures 
results. We need a bill that puts security before legalization, not the 
other way around.
  We are a nation based upon the rule of law. We have a right to 
protect our sovereignty and a duty to protect the homeland. Any border 
security measures we pass must be real and, more importantly, be 
immediate, not 10 years down the road.
  We also need meaningful interior enforcement, including allowing 
immigration officers to do their job and work with State and local 
officials. Enforcement of the immigration laws has been lax and 
increasingly selective in the last few years because Federal 
immigration enforcement officers have been handicapped from doing their 
job.
  The States have tried to step in, but every time the States tried to 
step in under the 10th Amendment to protect their citizens when the 
Federal Government would not do it, they have been denied the 
opportunity to control their own borders. The unfortunate reality is 
the bill does almost nothing to strengthen interior enforcement 
efforts. It does nothing to encourage cooperation between Federal, 
State, and local governments.
  The Federal Government will continue to look the other way--look the 
other way as millions of new people enter this country undocumented. 
Meanwhile, the bill gives the States no new authority to act when the 
Federal Government refuses. One of the major reasons immigration is a 
subject of significant public interest is the failure of the Federal 
Government to enforce existing laws. Some 11 million people have 
unlawfully entered the country or overstayed their visas because the 
Federal Government did not deter them or take action to remove them. 
The bill subsequently weakens current criminal laws and will hinder the 
ability of law enforcement to protect Americans from criminal 
undocumented aliens.
  In addition to weakening current law, the bill does very little to 
deter criminal behavior in the future. It ignores sanctuary cities and 
increases the threshold required for action of what constitutes a 
crime. Regrettably, the bill is weak on foreign national criminal 
street gang members, an amendment that I tried to offer, but we could 
not get the other side to vote on whether gang members ought to be 
denied benefits in this immigration law.
  Furthermore, the bill falls short in protecting American workers who 
need and want jobs in this country. While I support allowing businesses 
to bring in foreign workers, they should only do so when qualified 
Americans are not available. I have long argued that we must enhance 
and expand opportunities for people who wish to work legally in the 
country. Yet as we do that, we cannot forget the American worker. We 
need to fight for them as well.
  Finally, I empathize with people who come into this country to have a 
better life. We are proud of our country. Those of us born here do not 
appreciate how great this country is. When I talk at a naturalization 
ceremony in my State, I tell the new citizens: You are new here. You 
came from another land where you know things are a lot different than 
they are here. When you hear Americans bellyaching about our great 
country, I hope you will tell these Americans who were born here--
including this American--that this is the best country in the world, 
and how it is different in your own country and that you came here for 
a better life.
  We are a compassionate people, and we are also the best country in 
the world. We are a great country because we have always abided by the 
rule of law. The rule of law is what makes opportunities that we have 
possible.
  I am going to vote against this bill today. That is no surprise to 
anybody. I have hopes for a better product to come out of a conference 
committee. I hope for a bill to go to the President of the United 
States. My hope is that we will send a bill to the President that will 
make America stronger, make our borders more secure, and make our 
immigration system more effective. This is what Americans deserve and 
what we have a responsibility to deliver.
  I yield the floor.
  The PRESIDING OFFICER. The majority leader.
  Mr. REID. I am informing all Senators that if they are not in their 
seats when the time arrives, we are going to have a live quorum. We are 
going to have everybody here when the vote starts. I know people are 
anxious to leave, but they better be here or I am going to have a live 
quorum and it will take a lot of time.
  The PRESIDING OFFICER. Who yields time?
  The Senator from Vermont.
  Mr. LEAHY. Madam President, if I may have the attention of the 
Senator from Iowa.
  The PRESIDING OFFICER. The Senator from Iowa.
  Mr. LEAHY. Will the Senator from Iowa yield for 5 minutes?
  Mr. GRASSLEY. I yield to the Senator for 6\1/2\ minutes. As far as I 
know, nobody on my side wants the time, and the Senator may have the 
time.
  Once again, I wish to thank everybody who maybe hasn't heard me say 
it. The Senator had a fair and open process in our committee. There 
wasn't a single Member who didn't get a chance to offer amendments. 
This is the way the process ought to work, and the chairman made it 
work that way.
  The PRESIDING OFFICER. The Senator has 6 minutes remaining.
  Mr. LEAHY. I thank the distinguished Senator for his comments. He 
also deserves credit. We worked very closely together on this schedule 
and everything else to make sure all people were heard, as the Senate 
completes its work on this historic legislation, I want to recognize 
Senators and staff members who were instrumental to our effort.
  Senator Durbin, who has championed the DREAM Act for many years, 
deserves special recognition. I commend him as the Senate approves his 
hard-fought effort that is included in this bill. Senator Durbin has 
helped to bring these compelling stories out of the shadows. He has 
been dedicated to the young people who will be helped by his 
legislation, like Gaby Pacheco. These brave and patriotic DREAMers have 
inspired all of us who support the bill's passage.

[[Page S5354]]

  Senator Schumer's tenacity and commitment to this effort should be 
commended. He worked hard to build bipartisan support and was 
relentless in his advocacy for passage. Senator Menendez fought hard to 
protect the principles that make this legislation something we can be 
proud of. Senator Bennett and Senator Feinstein were committed to our 
agreement between agricultural workers and employers that is fair and 
that will help America's farmers and farm workers.
  Senator McCain, Senator Flake, Senator Graham, and Senator Rubio 
bravely led the Republican Senators throughout this process. I 
appreciate that their leadership has been a challenge in their caucus. 
I thank Senator McConnell for his advice as the Judiciary Committee 
prepared to consider this legislation.
  And I thank Senator Whitehouse, Senator Coons, Senator Blumenthal, 
Senator Klobuchar, and Senator Franken for their work in the Judiciary 
Committee and for their amendments to make this legislation better. I 
especially thank Senator Hirono for her personal efforts and 
determination to make sure that the interests of women and families 
were protected in this legislation. All of these Senators deserve 
recognition for their dedication.
  The work of the Senate could not be successful without the staff 
members who work behind the scenes. The work of our staff is especially 
important when the Senate considers legislation of the magnitude that 
we have completed today. I take a few moments to recognize the many 
staff members who contributed to this legislation.
  I want to recognize and give my thanks to Bruce Cohen and Kristine 
Lucius. My former Chief Counsel and Staff Director Bruce Cohen, who is 
well known to many Senators, has been at my side for nearly 20 years. 
Though Bruce is leaving the Senate, his mark is on this legislation and 
he leaves his mark on the Senate Judiciary Committee after years of 
service. His dedication to the Senate, to the people of Vermont, and 
the United States has been of the highest caliber and he will be 
missed.
  Kristine Lucius, who has so ably and seamlessly taken over as my 
Chief Counsel and Staff Director on the Judiciary Committee has proven 
herself many times over during the Judiciary Committee's markup of this 
legislation, and through the Senate's debate of this legislation. 
Without her leadership, instincts, and intellect, our Committee process 
would not have been the example of democracy that it was. Both Bruce 
and Kristine deserve my deepest gratitude.
  My Chief of Staff, JP Dowd and my Legislative Director Erica Chabot 
were central to this process. In addition to leading my office, JP 
guided my entire staff with a steady hand as we considered this 
legislation. And in addition to coordinating the legislative work of my 
office, Erica made great contributions to the process this legislation 
followed through the Committee. Erica's work was only interrupted by 
the arrival of a baby boy on June 21st.
  I thank Adrienne Wojciechowski, Tom Berry, Susan Sussman, Diane 
Derby, and John Tracy for relating this complex bill to Vermont 
priorities. Their outreach to Vermont farmers, business owners, law 
enforcement officials, and Vermonters impacted by our broken 
immigration system was crucial to my priorities in this bill.
  And our work in the Committee could not have been conducted without 
the incredible efforts of our Chief Clerk Roslyne Turner, Deputy Clerk 
Theresa Reuss, Hearing Clerk Melanie Kartzmer, and former Hearing Clerk 
Halley Ross, all of whom make our committee run at the highest 
standard.
  And I thank Brian Hockin, who keeps the Committee's technology 
running and provided real-time updates during our five Committee 
markups by posting amendments online as they were modified. I give them 
my thanks and appreciation for their role in making the Judiciary 
Committee so productive and transparent.
  I want to thank my staff members who worked long and hard on this 
legislation. My Judiciary Committee counsels Matt Virkstis, John Amaya, 
Chris Leopold, Alexandra Reeve-Givens, Josh Hsu, April Carson, Emily 
Livingston, Lara Flint, and Anya McMurray all committed themselves to 
this process with professionalism and dedication to advancing this 
important legislation. My team of lawyers carefully negotiated, 
reviewed, and drafted thousands of pages of amendments. They worked 
across the aisle to create consensus and improve our proposal.
  I thank the Committee's Legislative Staff Assistants Emma Van 
Susteren, Charles Smith, Kelsey Kobelt, and Clark Flynt for their 
commitment and passion to making this process run smoothly. And I thank 
my Communications Director David Carle and my Judiciary Committee Press 
Secretary Jessica Brady for helping to make our process a transparent 
one and to tell the story of the Senate's consideration of this 
legislation.
  The staff members of Senators in the group of eight who serve on the 
Judiciary Committee deserve recognition. Joe Zogby, Mara Silver, Leon 
Fresco, Stephanie Martz, Chandler Morse, Elizabeth Taylor, and Sergio 
Sarkany served the Senate well.
  I want to recognize the staff of the Judiciary Committee's Ranking 
Member Senator Grassley, Kolan Davis and Kathy Nuebel. They served 
Senator Grassley and the Senate with weeks of tireless effort to make 
our committee process a productive one. I thank Ranking Member Grassley 
for his cooperation during the Committee's consideration of this 
legislation.
  The floor staff that keep the Senate running deserve special 
recognition and thanks. The Democratic Secretary Gary Myrick, Assistant 
Secretary Tim Mitchell, and Reema Dodin serve the Senate admirably and 
their assistance to Senators is indispensable. The Majority Leader's 
staff members Bill Dauster and Serena Hoy lent their broad experience 
and expertise to this process. I thank them all.
  I thank the members of President Obama's staff who provided 
invaluable technical expertise and assistance to the Senate. My former 
Chief of Staff, Ed Pagano, along with Miguel Rodriguez, led a 
tremendous effort in the Senate for the President. The President's 
Director of the White House Policy Council Cecilia Munoz and her team, 
Felicia Escobar and Tyler Moran were instrumental in this effort.
  And I want to especially thank Esther Olavarria. Esther served 
Senator Kennedy for many years on the Judiciary Committee, and has lent 
her intellect, her vast knowledge of immigration law, and her genuine 
sense of humanity to previous efforts in the Senate. I know Senator 
Kennedy would be very proud of her service to the President.
  Finally, I want to recognize the tremendous work done by the Office 
of the Senate Legislative Counsel. They are the attorneys who serve the 
United States Senate to turn ideas into legislative text. I especially 
thank Matt McGhie and Stephanie Easley who moved mountains to meet the 
requests from Senate offices to draft this legislation. I thank them 
and all of the attorneys and staff in that office who serve all 
Senators with tremendous professionalism and skill.
  Many other staff members in the Senate contributed to this effort in 
ways that will be largely unheralded by the public. But it is important 
to recognize the role that the dedicated men and women who serve 
Senators play in doing the business of the American people. Their work 
behind the scenes on this historic bill allowed Members to agree in 
principle and make their compromise a meaningful reality.
  I am proud of the Senate's work today and I thank everyone who made 
this process a successful one.
  Our American story is a story of immigration. It is not only our 
history, it is our future. Over the last few weeks, many of us have 
spoken about our own families' immigration stories. We all have such 
stories. I heard the distinguished Democratic whip, Senator Durbin, 
speak of the very moving story of his family and also what he has done 
with DREAMers. We have talked about our parents and grandparents 
seeking better lives for us. We can all relate to the most compelling, 
innate urge to sacrifice for the ones we love.
  We are inspired by our forebears who wished better lives for us and 
for themselves, and found those opportunities here in America. They 
taught us the fundamental values of family, hard work, and fairness. 
With this legislation, we honor those American values.

[[Page S5355]]

We honor their search for freedom, for prosperity, and for the promise 
that America has held out to so many for so long.
  I am proud to be a Member of the Senate. Today is a good day for the 
Senate, and, more importantly, it is a good day for the country. Today, 
with the help of many Senators, we will address a complex problem that 
is hurting our families, stifling our economy, and threatening our 
security.
  Several months ago four Democrats and four Republicans began 
negotiating and drafting immigration reform legislation. They produced 
a carefully balanced, fair, and humane proposal that at its core is 
intended to make meaningful improvements to border security and, most 
importantly, will help millions of people who dream the same dreams our 
ancestors did.
  I am proud of the role the Judiciary Committee has played in this 
process, and I thank the Senators of both parties who have praised that 
role.
  In late April, with the full participation of all 18 members of the 
Senate Judiciary Committee, with unprecedented transparency, and with 
fairness to all members in offering amendments and having the chance to 
debate them, we held several public markups to consider that 
legislation. Over 37 hours during the course of 3 weeks, we engaged in 
vigorous debate in full view of the American public. We considered 212 
amendments from Democrats and Republicans. We approved 136 amendments 
in a room filled with spectators on both sides of the issue. Of the 
amendments approved in committee, 47 were Republican amendments and all 
but three were adopted with bipartisan support. Even the staunchest 
opponents of this legislation have praised that fairness.
  The world has never seen such a vibrant, cohesive, economically 
exuberant, and democratically successful experiment as our country. 
Every one of us as Americans should be proud of that.
  A key ingredient of our successful formula has been and will continue 
to be immigrants anxious to be part of the American experience. They 
have helped us to be a Nation in constant renewal, welcoming and using 
this constant influx of fresh talent and energy. Just as my 
grandparents and my wife Marcelle's parents made Vermont and America 
better, they have made us better.
  Today is another historic day in the Senate. The Senate will soon 
complete its work on remedies for a difficult and complex set of issues 
that has eluded us for years. We passed immigration reform legislation 
in 2006 under the leadership of the distinguished Presiding Officer's 
predecessor, Senator Ted Kennedy. After the Senate's work, the House of 
Representatives declined to take up the Senate bill. I hope that won't 
happen again. This issue is far too important to ignore or to allow it 
to languish. We shouldn't play politics with what is quintessentially 
an American issue.
  At this moment I would like to think my dear friend Senator Kennedy 
is smiling down on this Chamber. He sat right over there. He would be 
overjoyed to see us pass this legislation on an issue he cared about so 
deeply. I would like to think our old friend would be proud of what we 
are doing.
  In a very few minutes the Senate will vote to pass a comprehensive 
solution to our broken immigration system. It will reunite families. It 
will bring millions of people out of the shadows and into our legal 
system. It will spur job growth and reduce our deficit. It will make us 
safer.
  I would urge all Senators to join with us to ensure a bright future 
for this great Nation we all love by passing comprehensive immigration 
reform. In doing so, you make us an even greater Nation than we are.
  I yield the floor.
  The PRESIDING OFFICER. Who yields time?
  Mr. REID. I yield time to the Senator from Louisiana.
  The PRESIDING OFFICER. The Senator from Louisiana.
  Ms. LANDRIEU. Madam President, I appreciate both leaders for giving 
some time for this.
  Several of us have been working all week on a package of amendments 
that were bipartisan and cleared by both Senator Grassley's and Senator 
Hatch's staff. We appreciate their work so much. We are, unfortunately, 
not able to get unanimous consent. We tried. I thank them very much for 
their effort. They stuck with us all the way to the end.
  Hopefully this bill will begin to build a bipartisan coalition of 
Senators who wish to truly solve problems for our country. Our 
coalition that worked on this is both people for and against the bill. 
We were not able to get it cleared. We are not discouraged and will 
continue to work.
  I thank Senator Hatch and Senator Grassley.
  The PRESIDING OFFICER (Mr. Coons). Mr. Leader.
  Mr. REID. Mr. President, we are here today to talk about people, not 
pages of legislation. This bill represents human beings, real people--
yes, immigrants. I am going to talk about two of them today.
  Over 20 years ago Astrid Silva crossed the Rio Grande River in a 
rubber raft wearing a ruffled dress and patent leather shoes. She was 4 
years old. She was a baby. She doesn't remember Mexico, the country 
where she was born. She does remember the day she left Mexico. She 
cried. She cried because the only thing she could take with her was her 
baptismal cross and a doll. Her mother cried because although the river 
was narrow, she knew the current was swift and dangerous--very 
dangerous. Mother and daughter survived, ducked under a border fence, 
and began their new lives in America.
  A decade passed before Astrid realized she had come to America 
illegally, without proper immigration papers. Her parents cautiously, 
slowly explained this to their daughter.
  Astrid's eighth grade class was going to leave Las Vegas and take a 
trip back here to the Nation's Capital. Astrid couldn't go. She didn't 
go. Her parents were afraid to let her travel for fear she would be 
arrested. She was undocumented. Flying, you see, without 
proper identification meant running the risk of being detained or 
deported.

  A few years later, when Astrid's friends learned to drive, Astrid 
once again was separated from her friends. She couldn't learn to drive. 
She didn't have even the right to study for the driver's test because 
she wasn't eligible.
  When Astrid's classmates headed off to school across the country, she 
stayed home. She couldn't leave, so she went to school at a local 
community college.
  Astrid has accepted every challenge, every setback with grace, 
knowing the obstacles would never outweigh the advantages of growing up 
in the United States, her home.
  Four years ago Astrid's grandmother died. Neither Astrid nor her 
father could go to Mexico because her dad was also undocumented. They 
weren't able to go to the funeral. If she left the United States, she 
couldn't come back. She couldn't come back to the only country she had 
ever called home.
  Then there came a time, and it came slowly, very cautiously, but 
finally Astrid knew it was time to raise her voice. In effect, she had 
had enough. It was time for her to come out of the shadows and share 
her story with her friends and with others. A lot of her friends were 
just like her, and she could share the stories with them and they could 
share the stories with each other. It was time for her, her classmates 
in many instances, and her community to learn who Astrid Silva really 
was. She spoke up. She told her story.
  She decided to find a public place where I would be at a public event 
and give me the first of many heartfelt letters. I only have a few of 
them. A few of them didn't make it to my office, but I appreciate each 
and every one of those letters. Astrid became, very quickly, a DREAMer.
  One of the letters I remember so well. She said in the letter words 
to this effect: I have never, ever as much as stolen even a piece of 
gum, but I feel like a criminal even though I am not a criminal. I 
appreciate every one of those letters she sent me because each was a 
reminder of what is at stake in this debate--a debate that involves our 
neighbors, friends, and, yes, relatives. Each note, each letter 
indicates that to me.

  This bipartisan legislation the Senate is poised to pass in just a 
few minutes does not just secure our borders or just mend our broken 
legal immigration system; this legislation is what

[[Page S5356]]

Astrid has advocated, what the DREAMers and others have advocated. This 
legislation is what she and millions have hoped for and, yes, prayed 
for. The bill paves the way for people just like Astrid--people who are 
American in all but paperwork--to become full participants in our great 
society. It acknowledges the contributions of generations of immigrants 
who founded this country and built it into the superpower it is today, 
immigrants such as a man named Israel Goldfarb. He left Russia. He was 
Jewish, and he was being persecuted, he and his family, so he came to 
America as a boy. This man was my wife's dad.
  I often think of him for a lot of reasons. He died as a real young 
man. Perhaps a lot of people think he didn't contribute much to our 
society, but he had one child, my wonderful wife, and now we have 16 
grandchildren. So he contributed that--5 children, 16 grandchildren. On 
his deathbed--as I said as a young man--he gave me his ring. I have 
worn this ring for those many years. I take it off at night and put it 
on every day. This watch I have--it stopped running a couple of months 
ago and the jeweler said: It is broken. It is worn out. It is 50 years 
old. It is an old-fashioned watch. I have to wind it every morning, but 
they fixed it. I got the watch back and it is good for another 50 
years. I could buy a different watch, but I am not one to buy a 
different watch. These are who I am and they remind me every day of 
this man who came to America as Israel Goldfarb and, similar to all of 
his family, changed his name to Earl Gould. My wife, when I met her as 
a sophomore in high school, was Landra Gould.
  So this bipartisan legislation we are poised to pass in just a little 
while does not just secure our borders or just mend our broken legal 
system; this legislation that has been advocated paves the way for 
people such as Astrid and, frankly, people such as my father-in-law, 
may he rest in peace. It acknowledges the contributions of generations 
of immigrants who founded this country.
  This historic legislation recognizes that today's immigrants came for 
the right reason--the same reason generations before them, the same as 
Israel Goldfarb--to achieve a dream we take for granted, a right to 
live in a land that is free.
  Ted Kennedy said it best:

       From Jamestown, to the pilgrims, to the Irish, to today's 
     workers, people have come to this country in search of 
     opportunity. They have sought nothing more than a chance to 
     work hard and bring a better life to themselves and their 
     families. They came to our country with their hearts and 
     minds full of hope.

  That is what Ted Kennedy said, and the bipartisan legislation before 
the Senate respects and fulfills that hope--the hope and the prayers of 
Astrid and millions just like her. It will help 11 million people who 
are tired of looking over their shoulders and fearing deportation to 
get right with the law and start down a pathway to citizenship.
  That path is going to be very hard, with penalties, fines, work, 
paying taxes, staying out of trouble, and learning English, but they 
are willing to do that, every one of them. It will mean going to the 
back of the line. It is tough, I repeat, but it is fair.
  Above all, this legislation is very practical. It makes unprecedented 
investments in our borders. It cracks down on crooked employers, such 
as those Senator McCain talked about earlier today, that exploit and 
abuse immigrant workers, and it reforms our legal immigration system.
  This legislation will be good for America's national security as well 
as its economic security. This will reduce the deficit by $1 trillion. 
How is that for economic security.
  Six years ago, the last time we considered a sweeping immigration 
overhaul--led by Senator McCain and, yes, that good man who became 
Secretary of the Interior, Ken Salazar--it didn't work. The prospects 
for a bipartisan solution were very dim. On the last day, the 
immigration bill fell because of a procedural roadblock. But Ted 
Kennedy urged those of us who believed deeply in its cause to keep the 
faith. Here is what he said.

       We will be back and we will prevail. . . . America always 
     finds a way to solve its problems, expand its frontiers, and 
     move closer to its ideals. It is not always easy, but it is 
     the American way.

  That is what Ted Kennedy said.
  Because of the Gang of 8--these courageous Senators, four Democrats 
and four Republicans; Schumer, Durbin, Menendez and, of course, the 
quiet one who did so much, Senator Bennet, and John McCain, whom I 
admire so much. He and I came to the Congress together more than 31 
years ago. We came to the Senate together. Have we fought with each 
other? Oh, yes. But we care a great deal about each other. John McCain, 
no matter what happens, I will be his friend and he will be my friend. 
I admire what he has done. He was truly a leader, as he has been for so 
long in this country.
  Lindsey Graham. He is up for reelection. Is this a badge of courage? 
It sure is. Marco Rubio, Jeff Flake, I admire every one of them. I am 
not going to forget about Bob Corker. I am not going to forget about 
mentioning Governor Hoeven. They allowed us to get votes. I will always 
admire these two, again, courageous men who stepped forward, stepped 
out of the crowd and did something that was right.
  They are wonderful, all of them. Senator Kennedy knew the day would 
come when a group of Senators, divided by party but united by a love of 
country, would see the fight to the finish, and that is what we did. 
That is what these 10 men allowed us to do.
  I am not going to ever forget about the man seated right behind me, 
Senator Leahy. His markup will go down in history. It was why we are 
here today. He is my friend. As always, I will always admire how he 
handles everything he does but especially what he did on this bill.
  So today is the day. While I am sad Senator Kennedy isn't here to see 
history made, I know he is looking at us proudly and loudly. Remember 
that voice? And he is not alone. I have no doubt my father-in-law is 
here in spirit. Astrid Silva is here today. I am sure she is in the 
gallery someplace, and she will be looking down from where she is 
seated when the Senate votes to expand this country's frontiers and 
move closer to its ideals.
  But she is not here alone. She is here representing millions of 
others just like her--people who have hoped and prayed for this day. 
Their prayers have been answered. But these prayers--their hopes and 
prayers--have not gotten us to the finish line yet. The finish line is 
very close to here, down this very long hallway to the House of 
Representatives.
  In closing, I am reminded of a poem, a song. Here is what it says:

       I can see a new day, a new day soon to be, when the storm 
     clouds are all past and the sun shines on a world that is 
     free. I can see a new man, a new man standing tall, with his 
     head high and his heart proud and afraid of nothing at all. I 
     can see a new day, a new day soon to be, when the storm 
     clouds are all past and the sun shines on a world that is 
     free.

  Colleagues, I am confident the House of Representatives will pass 
this legislation because I can see a new man, a new man standing tall 
with his head high, his heart proud, and afraid of nothing at all.
  The bill (S. 744), as amended, was ordered to a third reading and was 
read the third time.
  The VICE PRESIDENT. The bill having been read the third time, the 
question is, Shall it pass?
  Mr. DURBIN. I ask for the yeas and nays.
  The VICE PRESIDENT. Is there a sufficient second?
  There is a sufficient second.
  The clerk will call the roll.
  The legislative clerk called the roll.
  The VICE PRESIDENT.
  Before the Chair announces the vote, expressions of approval or 
disapproval are not permitted in the Senate.
  The result was announced--yeas 68, nays 32, as follows:

                      [Rollcall Vote No. 168 Leg.]

                                YEAS--68

     Alexander
     Ayotte
     Baldwin
     Baucus
     Begich
     Bennet
     Blumenthal
     Boxer
     Brown
     Cantwell
     Cardin
     Carper
     Casey
     Chiesa
     Collins
     Coons
     Corker
     Cowan
     Donnelly
     Durbin
     Feinstein
     Flake
     Franken
     Gillibrand
     Graham
     Hagan
     Harkin
     Hatch
     Heinrich
     Heitkamp
     Heller
     Hirono
     Hoeven
     Johnson (SD)
     Kaine
     King
     Kirk
     Klobuchar
     Landrieu
     Leahy
     Levin
     Manchin
     McCain
     McCaskill
     Menendez
     Merkley
     Mikulski
     Murkowski
     Murphy
     Murray
     Nelson

[[Page S5357]]


     Pryor
     Reed
     Reid
     Rockefeller
     Rubio
     Sanders
     Schatz
     Schumer
     Shaheen
     Stabenow
     Tester
     Udall (CO)
     Udall (NM)
     Warner
     Warren
     Whitehouse
     Wyden

                                NAYS--32

     Barrasso
     Blunt
     Boozman
     Burr
     Chambliss
     Coats
     Coburn
     Cochran
     Cornyn
     Crapo
     Cruz
     Enzi
     Fischer
     Grassley
     Inhofe
     Isakson
     Johanns
     Johnson (WI)
     Lee
     McConnell
     Moran
     Paul
     Portman
     Risch
     Roberts
     Scott
     Sessions
     Shelby
     Thune
     Toomey
     Vitter
     Wicker
  The bill (S. 744), as amended, was passed, as follows:

                                 S. 744

       Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of 
     the United States of America in Congress assembled,

     SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE; TABLE OF CONTENTS.

       (a) Short Title.--This Act may be cited as the ``Border 
     Security, Economic Opportunity, and Immigration Modernization 
     Act''.
       (b) Table of Contents.--The table of contents for this Act 
     is as follows:

Sec. 1. Short title; table of contents.
Sec. 2. Statement of congressional findings.
Sec. 3. Effective date triggers.
Sec. 4. Southern Border Security Commission.
Sec. 5. Comprehensive Southern Border Security Strategy and Southern 
              Border Fencing Strategy.
Sec. 6. Comprehensive Immigration Reform Funds.
Sec. 7. Reference to the Immigration and Nationality Act.
Sec. 8. Definitions.
Sec. 9. Grant accountability.

             TITLE I--BORDER SECURITY AND OTHER PROVISIONS

                      Subtitle A--Border Security

Sec. 1101. Definitions.
Sec. 1102. Additional U.S. Border Patrol and U.S. Customs and Border 
              Protection officers.
Sec. 1103. National Guard support to secure the Southern border.
Sec. 1104. Enhancement of existing border security operations.
Sec. 1105. Border security on certain Federal land.
Sec. 1106. Equipment and technology.
Sec. 1107. Access to emergency personnel.
Sec. 1108. Southwest Border Region Prosecution Initiative.
Sec. 1109. Interagency collaboration.
Sec. 1110. State Criminal Alien Assistance Program.
Sec. 1111. Use of force.
Sec. 1112. Training for border security and immigration enforcement 
              officers.
Sec. 1113. Department of Homeland Security Border Oversight Task Force.
Sec. 1114. Ombudsman for Immigration Related Concerns of the Department 
              of Homeland Security.
Sec. 1115. Protection of family values in apprehension programs.
Sec. 1116. Oversight of power to enter private land and stop vehicles 
              without a warrant at the Northern border.
Sec. 1117. Reports.
Sec. 1118. Severability and delegation.
Sec. 1119. Prohibition on new land border crossing fees.
Sec. 1120. Human Trafficking Reporting.
Sec. 1121. Rule of construction.
Sec. 1122. Limitations on dangerous deportation practices.
Sec. 1123. Maximum allowable costs of salaries of contractor employees.

                       Subtitle B--Other Matters

Sec. 1201. Removal of nonimmigrants who overstay their visas.
Sec. 1202. Visa overstay notification pilot program.
Sec. 1203. Preventing unauthorized immigration transiting through 
              Mexico.

                       TITLE II--IMMIGRANT VISAS

   Subtitle A--Registration and Adjustment of Registered Provisional 
                               Immigrants

Sec. 2101. Registered provisional immigrant status.
Sec. 2102. Adjustment of status of registered provisional immigrants.
Sec. 2103. The DREAM Act.
Sec. 2104. Additional requirements.
Sec. 2105. Criminal penalty.
Sec. 2106. Grant program to assist eligible applicants.
Sec. 2107. Conforming amendments to the Social Security Act.
Sec. 2108. Government contracting and acquisition of real property 
              interest.
Sec. 2109. Long-term legal residents of the Commonwealth of the 
              Northern Mariana Islands.
Sec. 2110. Rulemaking.
Sec. 2111. Statutory construction.

                Subtitle B--Agricultural Worker Program

Sec. 2201. Short title.
Sec. 2202. Definitions.

Chapter 1--Program for Earned Status Adjustment of Agricultural Workers

                     subchapter a--blue card status

Sec. 2211. Requirements for blue card status.
Sec. 2212. Adjustment to permanent resident status.
Sec. 2213. Use of information.
Sec. 2214. Reports on blue cards.
Sec. 2215. Authorization of appropriations.

          subchapter b--correction of social security records

Sec. 2221. Correction of social security records.

           Chapter 2--Nonimmigrant Agricultural Visa Program

Sec. 2231. Nonimmigrant classification for nonimmigrant agricultural 
              workers.
Sec. 2232. Establishment of nonimmigrant agricultural worker program.
Sec. 2233. Transition of H-2A Worker Program.
Sec. 2234. Reports to Congress on nonimmigrant agricultural workers.

                      Chapter 3--Other Provisions

Sec. 2241. Rulemaking.
Sec. 2242. Reports to Congress.
Sec. 2243. Benefits integrity programs.
Sec. 2244. Effective date.

                     Subtitle C--Future Immigration

Sec. 2301. Merit-based points track one.
Sec. 2302. Merit-based track two.
Sec. 2303. Repeal of the diversity visa program.
Sec. 2304. Worldwide levels and recapture of unused immigrant visas.
Sec. 2305. Reclassification of spouses and minor children of lawful 
              permanent residents as immediate relatives.
Sec. 2306. Numerical limitations on individual foreign states.
Sec. 2307. Allocation of immigrant visas.
Sec. 2308. Inclusion of communities adversely affected by a 
              recommendation of the Defense Base Closure and 
              Realignment Commission as targeted employment areas.
Sec. 2309. V nonimmigrant visas.
Sec. 2310. Fiancee and fiance child status protection.
Sec. 2311. Equal treatment for all stepchildren.
Sec. 2312. Modification of adoption age requirements.
Sec. 2313. Relief for orphans, widows, and widowers.
Sec. 2314. Discretionary authority with respect to removal, 
              deportation, or inadmissibility of citizen and resident 
              immediate family members.
Sec. 2315. Waivers of inadmissibility.
Sec. 2316. Continuous presence.
Sec. 2317. Global health care cooperation.
Sec. 2318. Extension and improvement of the Iraqi special immigrant 
              visa program.
Sec. 2319. Extension and improvement of the Afghan special immigrant 
              visa program.
Sec. 2320. Special Immigrant Nonminister Religious Worker Program.
Sec. 2321. Special immigrant status for certain surviving spouses and 
              children.
Sec. 2322. Reunification of certain families of Filipino veterans of 
              World War II.
Sec. 2323. Ensuring compliance with restrictions on welfare and public 
              benefits for aliens.

            Subtitle D--Conrad State 30 and Physician Access

Sec. 2401. Conrad State 30 Program.
Sec. 2402. Retaining physicians who have practiced in medically 
              underserved communities.
Sec. 2403. Employment protections for physicians.
Sec. 2404. Allotment of Conrad 30 waivers.
Sec. 2405. Amendments to the procedures, definitions, and other 
              provisions related to physician immigration.

                        Subtitle E--Integration

Sec. 2501. Definitions.

                Chapter 1--Citizenship and New Americans

         subchapter a--office of citizenship and new americans

Sec. 2511. Office of Citizenship and New Americans.

               subchapter b--task force on new americans

Sec. 2521. Establishment.
Sec. 2522. Purpose.
Sec. 2523. Membership.
Sec. 2524. Functions.

                 Chapter 2--Public-private Partnership

Sec. 2531. Establishment of United States Citizenship Foundation.
Sec. 2532. Funding.
Sec. 2533. Purposes.
Sec. 2534. Authorized activities.
Sec. 2535. Council of directors.
Sec. 2536. Powers.
Sec. 2537. Initial Entry, Adjustment, and Citizenship Assistance Grant 
              Program.
Sec. 2538. Pilot program to promote immigrant integration at State and 
              local levels.
Sec. 2539. Naturalization ceremonies.

                           Chapter 3--Funding

Sec. 2541. Authorization of appropriations.

              Chapter 4--Reduce Barriers to Naturalization

Sec. 2551. Waiver of English requirement for senior new Americans.
Sec. 2552. Filing of applications not requiring regular internet 
              access.
Sec. 2553. Permissible use of assisted housing by battered immigrants.
Sec. 2554. United States citizenship for internationally adopted 
              individuals.
Sec. 2555. Treatment of certain persons as having satisfied English and 
              civics, good moral character, and honorable service and 
              discharge requirements for naturalization.

                    TITLE III--INTERIOR ENFORCEMENT

               Subtitle A--Employment Verification System

Sec. 3101. Unlawful employment of unauthorized aliens.
Sec. 3102. Increasing security and integrity of social security cards.
Sec. 3103. Increasing security and integrity of immigration documents.
Sec. 3104. Responsibilities of the Social Security Administration.

[[Page S5358]]

Sec. 3105. Improved prohibition on discrimination based on national 
              origin or citizenship status.
Sec. 3106. Rulemaking.
Sec. 3107. Office of the Small Business and Employee Advocate.

              Subtitle B--Protecting United States Workers

Sec. 3201. Protections for victims of serious violations of labor and 
              employment law or crime.
Sec. 3202. Employment Verification System Education Funding.
Sec. 3203. Directive to the United States Sentencing Commission.

                      Subtitle C--Other Provisions

Sec. 3301. Funding.
Sec. 3302. Effective date.
Sec. 3303. Mandatory exit system.
Sec. 3304. Identity-theft resistant manifest information for 
              passengers, crew, and non-crew onboard departing aircraft 
              and vessels.
Sec. 3305. Profiling.
Sec. 3306. Enhanced penalties for certain drug offenses on Federal 
              lands.

               Subtitle D--Asylum and Refugee Provisions

Sec. 3400. Short title.
Sec. 3401. Time limits and efficient adjudication of genuine asylum 
              claims.
Sec. 3402. Refugee family protections.
Sec. 3403. Clarification on designation of certain refugees.
Sec. 3404. Asylum determination efficiency.
Sec. 3405. Stateless persons in the United States.
Sec. 3406. U visa accessibility.
Sec. 3407. Work authorization while applications for U and T visas are 
              pending.
Sec. 3408. Representation at overseas refugee interviews.
Sec. 3409. Law enforcement and national security checks.
Sec. 3410. Tibetan refugee assistance.
Sec. 3411. Termination of asylum or refugee status.
Sec. 3412. Asylum clock.

    Subtitle E--Shortage of Immigration Court Resources for Removal 
                              Proceedings

Sec. 3501. Shortage of immigration court personnel for removal 
              proceedings.
Sec. 3502. Improving immigration court efficiency and reducing costs by 
              increasing access to legal information.
Sec. 3503. Office of Legal Access Programs.
Sec. 3504. Codifying Board of Immigration Appeals.
Sec. 3505. Improved training for immigration judges and Board Members.
Sec. 3506. Improved resources and technology for immigration courts and 
              Board of Immigration Appeals.
Sec. 3507. Transfer of responsibility for trafficking protections.

 Subtitle F--Prevention of Trafficking in Persons and Abuses Involving 
                        Workers Recruited Abroad

Sec. 3601. Definitions.
Sec. 3602. Disclosure.
Sec. 3603. Prohibition on discrimination.
Sec. 3604. Recruitment fees.
Sec. 3605. Registration.
Sec. 3606. Bonding requirement.
Sec. 3607. Maintenance of lists.
Sec. 3608. Amendment to the Immigration and Nationality Act.
Sec. 3609. Responsibilities of Secretary of State.
Sec. 3610. Enforcement provisions.
Sec. 3611. Detecting and preventing child trafficking.
Sec. 3612. Protecting child trafficking victims.
Sec. 3613. Rule of construction.
Sec. 3614. Regulations.

                    Subtitle G--Interior Enforcement

Sec. 3701. Criminal street gangs.
Sec. 3702. Banning habitual drunk drivers from the United States.
Sec. 3703. Sexual abuse of a minor.
Sec. 3704. Illegal entry.
Sec. 3705. Reentry of removed alien.
Sec. 3706. Penalties relating to vessels and aircraft.
Sec. 3707. Reform of passport, visa, and immigration fraud offenses.
Sec. 3708. Combating schemes to defraud aliens.
Sec. 3709. Inadmissibility and removal for passport and immigration 
              fraud offenses.
Sec. 3710. Directives related to passport and document fraud.
Sec. 3711. Inadmissible aliens.
Sec. 3712. Organized and abusive human smuggling activities.
Sec. 3713. Preventing criminals from renouncing citizenship during 
              wartime.
Sec. 3714. Diplomatic security service.
Sec. 3715. Secure alternatives programs.
Sec. 3716. Oversight of detention facilities.
Sec. 3717. Procedures for bond hearings and filing of notices to 
              appear.
Sec. 3718. Sanctions for countries that delay or prevent repatriation 
              of their nationals.
Sec. 3719. Gross violations of human rights.
Sec. 3720. Reporting and record keeping requirements relating to the 
              detention of aliens.
Sec. 3721. Powers of immigration officers and employees at sensitive 
              locations.

 Subtitle H--Protection of Children Affected by Immigration Enforcement

Sec. 3801. Short title.
Sec. 3802. Definitions.
Sec. 3803. Apprehension procedures for immigration enforcement-related 
              activities.
Sec. 3804. Access to children, State and local courts, child welfare 
              agencies, and consular officials.
Sec. 3805. Mandatory training.
Sec. 3806. Rulemaking.
Sec. 3807. Severability.

 Subtitle I--Providing Tools To Exchange Visitors and Exchange Visitor 
 Sponsors To Protect Exchange Visitor Program Participants and Prevent 
                              Trafficking

Sec. 3901. Definitions.
Sec. 3902. Disclosure.
Sec. 3903. Prohibition on discrimination.
Sec. 3904. Fees.
Sec. 3905. Annual notification.
Sec. 3906. Bonding requirement.
Sec. 3907. Maintenance of lists.
Sec. 3908. Amendment to the Immigration and Nationality Act.
Sec. 3909. Responsibilities of Secretary of State.
Sec. 3910. Enforcement provisions.
Sec. 3911. Audits and transparency.

            TITLE IV--REFORMS TO NONIMMIGRANT VISA PROGRAMS

            Subtitle A--Employment-based Nonimmigrant Visas

Sec. 4101. Market-based H-1B Visa limits.
Sec. 4102. Employment authorization for dependents of employment-based 
              nonimmigrants.
Sec. 4103. Eliminating impediments to worker mobility.
Sec. 4104. STEM education and training.
Sec. 4105. H-1B and L Visa fees.

           Subtitle B--H-1B Visa Fraud and Abuse Protections

           Chapter 1--H-1B Employer Application Requirements

Sec. 4211. Modification of application requirements.
Sec. 4212. Requirements for admission of nonimmigrant nurses in health 
              professional shortage areas.
Sec. 4213. New application requirements.
Sec. 4214. Application review requirements.

  Chapter 2--Investigation and Disposition of Complaints Against H-1B 
                               Employers

Sec. 4221. General modification of procedures for investigation and 
              disposition.
Sec. 4222. Investigation, working conditions, and penalties.
Sec. 4223. Initiation of investigations.
Sec. 4224. Information sharing.
Sec. 4225. Transparency of high-skilled immigration programs.

                      Chapter 3--Other Protections

Sec. 4231. Posting available positions through the Department of Labor.
Sec. 4232. Requirements for information for H-1B and L nonimmigrants.
Sec. 4233. Filing fee for H-1B-dependent employers.
Sec. 4234. Providing premium processing of employment-based visa 
              petitions.
Sec. 4235. Technical correction.
Sec. 4236. Application.
Sec. 4237. Portability for beneficiaries of immigrant petitions.

             Subtitle C--L Visa Fraud and Abuse Protections

Sec. 4301. Prohibition on outplacement of L nonimmigrants.
Sec. 4302. L employer petition requirements for employment at new 
              offices.
Sec. 4303. Cooperation with Secretary of State.
Sec. 4304. Limitation on employment of L nonimmigrants.
Sec. 4305. Filing fee for L nonimmigrants.
Sec. 4306. Investigation and disposition of complaints against L 
              nonimmigrant employers.
Sec. 4307. Penalties.
Sec. 4308. Prohibition on retaliation against L nonimmigrants.
Sec. 4309. Reports on L nonimmigrants.
Sec. 4310. Application.
Sec. 4311. Report on L blanket petition process.

                  Subtitle D--Other Nonimmigrant Visas

Sec. 4401. Nonimmigrant visas for students.
Sec. 4402. Classification for specialty occupation workers from free 
              trade countries.
Sec. 4403. E-visa reform.
Sec. 4404. Other changes to nonimmigrant visas.
Sec. 4405. Treatment of nonimmigrants during adjudication of 
              application.
Sec. 4406. Nonimmigrant elementary and secondary school students.
Sec. 4407. J-1 Summer Work Travel Visa Exchange Visitor Program fee.
Sec. 4408. J visa eligibility.
Sec. 4409. F-1 Visa fee.
Sec. 4410. Pilot program for remote B nonimmigrant visa interviews.
Sec. 4411. Providing consular officers with access to all terrorist 
              databases and requiring heightened scrutiny of 
              applications for admission from persons listed on 
              terrorist databases.
Sec. 4412. Visa revocation information.
Sec. 4413. Status for certain battered spouses and children.
Sec. 4414. Nonimmigrant crewmen landing temporarily in Hawaii.
Sec. 4415. Treatment of compact of free association migrants.
Sec. 4416. International participation in the performing arts.
Sec. 4417. Limitation on eligibility of certain nonimmigrants for 
              health-related programs.

                          Subtitle E--JOLT Act

Sec. 4501. Short titles.
Sec. 4502. Premium processing.
Sec. 4503. Encouraging Canadian tourism to the United States.
Sec. 4504. Retiree visa.
Sec. 4505. Incentives for foreign visitors visiting the United States 
              during low peak seasons.

[[Page S5359]]

Sec. 4506. Visa waiver program enhanced security and reform.
Sec. 4507. Expediting entry for priority visitors.
Sec. 4508. Visa processing.
Sec. 4509. B Visa fee.

              Subtitle F--Reforms to the H-2B Visa Program

Sec. 4601. Extension of returning worker exemption to H-2B numerical 
              limitation.
Sec. 4602. Other requirements for H-2B employers.
Sec. 4603. Executives and managers.
Sec. 4604. Honoraria.
Sec. 4605. Nonimmigrants participating in relief operations.
Sec. 4606. Nonimmigrants performing maintenance on common carriers.
Sec. 4607. American jobs in American forests.

                    Subtitle G--W Nonimmigrant Visas

Sec. 4701. Bureau of Immigration and Labor Market Research.
Sec. 4702. Nonimmigrant classification for W nonimmigrants.
Sec. 4703. Admission of W nonimmigrant workers.

  Subtitle H--Investing in New Venture, Entrepreneurial Startups, and 
                              Technologies

Sec. 4801. Nonimmigrant INVEST visas.
Sec. 4802. INVEST immigrant visa.
Sec. 4803. Administration and oversight.
Sec. 4804. Permanent authorization of EB-5 Regional Center Program.
Sec. 4805. Conditional permanent resident status for certain 
              employment-based immigrants, spouses, and children.
Sec. 4806. EB-5 Visa reforms.
Sec. 4807. Authorization of appropriations.

           Subtitle I--Student and Exchange Visitor Programs

Sec. 4901. Short title.
Sec. 4902. SEVIS and SEVP defined.
Sec. 4903. Increased criminal penalties.
Sec. 4904. Accreditation requirement.
Sec. 4905. Other academic institutions.
Sec. 4906. Penalties for failure to comply with SEVIS reporting 
              requirements.
Sec. 4907. Visa fraud.
Sec. 4908. Background checks.
Sec. 4909. Revocation of authority to issue Form I-20 of flight schools 
              not certified by the Federal Aviation Administration.
Sec. 4910. Revocation of accreditation.
Sec. 4911. Report on risk assessment.
Sec. 4912. Implementation of GAO recommendations.
Sec. 4913. Implementation of SEVIS II.

                        TITLE V--JOBS FOR YOUTH

Sec. 5101. Definitions.
Sec. 5102. Establishment of Youth Jobs Fund.
Sec. 5103. Summer employment and year-round employment opportunities 
              for low-income youth.
Sec. 5104. General requirements.
Sec. 5105. Visa surcharge.

     SEC. 2. STATEMENT OF CONGRESSIONAL FINDINGS.

       Congress makes the following findings:
       (1) The passage of this Act recognizes that the primary 
     tenets of its success depend on securing the sovereignty of 
     the United States of America and establishing a coherent and 
     just system for integrating those who seek to join American 
     society.
       (2) We have a right, and duty, to maintain and secure our 
     borders, and to keep our country safe and prosperous. As a 
     Nation founded, built and sustained by immigrants we also 
     have a responsibility to harness the power of that tradition 
     in a balanced way that secures a more prosperous future for 
     America.
       (3) We have always welcomed newcomers to the United States 
     and will continue to do so. But in order to qualify for the 
     honor and privilege of eventual citizenship, our laws must be 
     followed. The world depends on America to be strong--
     economically, militarily and ethically. The establishment of 
     a stable, just, and efficient immigration system only 
     supports those goals. As a Nation, we have the right and 
     responsibility to make our borders safe, to establish clear 
     and just rules for seeking citizenship, to control the flow 
     of legal immigration, and to eliminate illegal immigration, 
     which in some cases has become a threat to our national 
     security.
       (4) All parts of this Act are premised on the right and 
     need of the United States to achieve these goals, and to 
     protect its borders and maintain its sovereignty.

     SEC. 3. EFFECTIVE DATE TRIGGERS.

       (a) Definitions.--In this section:
       (1) Commission.--The term ``Commission'' means the Southern 
     Border Security Commission established pursuant to section 4.
       (2) Comprehensive southern border security strategy.--The 
     term ``Comprehensive Southern Border Security Strategy'' 
     means the strategy established by the Secretary pursuant to 
     section 5(a) to achieve and maintain an effectiveness rate of 
     90 percent or higher in all border sectors.
       (3) Effective control.--The term ``effective control'' 
     means the ability to achieve and maintain, in a Border Patrol 
     sector--
       (A) persistent surveillance; and
       (B) an effectiveness rate of 90 percent or higher.
       (4) Effectiveness rate.--The ``effectiveness rate'', in the 
     case of a border sector, is the percentage calculated by 
     dividing the number of apprehensions and turn backs in the 
     sector during a fiscal year by the total number of illegal 
     entries in the sector during such fiscal year.
       (5) Southern border.--The term ``Southern border'' means 
     the international border between the United States and 
     Mexico.
       (6) Southern border fencing strategy.--The term ``Southern 
     Border Fencing Strategy'' means the strategy established by 
     the Secretary pursuant to section 5(b) that identifies where 
     fencing (including double-layer fencing), infrastructure, and 
     technology, including at ports of entry, should be deployed 
     along the Southern border.
       (b) Border Security Goal.--The Department's border security 
     goal is to achieve and maintain effective control in all 
     border sectors along the Southern border.
       (c) Triggers.--
       (1) Processing of applications for registered provisional 
     immigrant status.--Not earlier than the date upon which the 
     Secretary has submitted to Congress the Notice of 
     Commencement of implementation of the Comprehensive Southern 
     Border Security Strategy and the Southern Border Fencing 
     Strategy under section 5 of this Act, the Secretary may 
     commence processing applications for registered provisional 
     immigrant status pursuant to section 245B of the Immigration 
     and Nationality Act, as added by section 2101 of this Act.
       (2) Adjustment of status of registered provisional 
     immigrants.--
       (A) In general.--Except as provided in subparagraph (B), 
     the Secretary may not adjust the status of aliens who have 
     been granted registered provisional immigrant status, except 
     for aliens granted blue card status under section 2201 of 
     this Act or described in section 245D(b) of the Immigration 
     and Nationality Act, until 6 months after the date on which 
     the Secretary, after consultation with the Attorney General, 
     the Secretary of Defense, the Inspector General of the 
     Department, and the Comptroller General of the United States, 
     submits to the President and Congress a written certification 
     that--
       (i) the Comprehensive Southern Border Security Strategy--

       (I) has been submitted to Congress and includes minimum 
     requirements described under paragraph (3), (4), and (5) of 
     section 5(a);
       (II) is deployed and operational (for purposes of this 
     clause the term ``operational'' means the technology, 
     infrastructure, and personnel, deemed necessary by the 
     Secretary, in consultation with the Attorney General and the 
     Secretary of Defense, and the Comptroller General, and 
     includes the technology described under section 5(a)(3) to 
     achieve effective control of the Southern border, has been 
     procured, funded, and is in current use by the Department to 
     achieve effective control, except in the event of routine 
     maintenance, de minimis non-deployment, or natural disaster 
     that would prevent the use of such assets);

       (ii) the Southern Border Fencing Strategy has been 
     submitted to Congress and implemented, and as a result the 
     Secretary will certify that there is in place along the 
     Southern Border no fewer than 700 miles of pedestrian fencing 
     which will include replacement of all currently existing 
     vehicle fencing on non-tribal lands on the Southern Border 
     with pedestrian fencing where possible, and after this has 
     been accomplished may include a second layer of pedestrian 
     fencing in those locations along the Southern Border which 
     the Secretary deems necessary or appropriate;
       (iii) the Secretary has implemented the mandatory 
     employment verification system required by section 274A of 
     the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C.1324a), as 
     amended by section 3101, for use by all employers to prevent 
     unauthorized workers from obtaining employment in the United 
     States;
       (iv) the Secretary is using the electronic exit system 
     created by section 3303(a)(1) at all international air and 
     sea ports of entry within the United States where U.S. 
     Customs and Border Protection officers are currently 
     deployed; and
       (v) no fewer than 38,405 trained full-time active duty U.S. 
     Border Patrol agents are deployed, stationed, and maintained 
     along the Southern Border.
       (B) Exception.--The Secretary shall permit registered 
     provisional immigrants to apply for an adjustment to lawful 
     permanent resident status if--
       (i)(I) litigation or a force majeure has prevented 1 or 
     more of the conditions described in clauses (i) through (iv) 
     of subparagraph (A) from being implemented; or
       (II) the implementation of subparagraph (A) has been held 
     unconstitutional by the Supreme Court of the United States or 
     the Supreme Court has granted certiorari to the litigation on 
     the constitutionality of implementation of subparagraph (A); 
     and
       (ii) 10 years have elapsed since the date of the enactment 
     of this Act.
       (d) Waiver of Legal Requirements Necessary for Improvement 
     at Borders.--Notwithstanding any other provision of law, the 
     Secretary is authorized to waive all legal requirements that 
     the Secretary determines to be necessary to ensure 
     expeditious construction of the barriers, roads, or other 
     physical tactical infrastructure needed to fulfill the 
     requirements under this section. Any determination by the 
     Secretary under this section shall be effective upon 
     publication in the Federal Register of a notice that 
     specifies each law that is being waived and the Secretary's 
     explanation for the determination to waive that law. The 
     waiver shall expire on the later of the date on which the 
     Secretary submits the written certification that the

[[Page S5360]]

     Southern Border Fencing Strategy is substantially completed 
     as specified in subsection (c)(2)(A)(ii) or the date that the 
     Secretary submits the written certification that the 
     Comprehensive Southern Border Security Strategy is 
     substantially deployed and substantially operational as 
     specified in subsection (c)(2)(A)(i).
       (e) Federal Court Review.--
       (1) In general.--The district courts of the United States 
     shall have exclusive jurisdiction to hear all causes or 
     claims arising from any action undertaken, or any decision 
     made, by the Secretary under subsection (d). A cause of 
     action or claim may only be brought alleging a violation of 
     the Constitution of the United States. The court does not 
     have jurisdiction to hear any claim not specified in this 
     paragraph.
       (2) Time for filing complaint.--If a cause or claim under 
     paragraph (1) is not filed within 60 days after the date of 
     the contested action or decision by the Secretary, the claim 
     shall be barred.
       (3) Appellate review.--An interlocutory or final judgment, 
     decree, or order of the district court may be reviewed only 
     upon petition for a writ of certiorari to the Supreme Court 
     of the United States.

     SEC. 4. SOUTHERN BORDER SECURITY COMMISSION.

       (a) Establishment.--
       (1) In general.--No later than the date that is 1 year 
     after the date of the enactment of this Act, there is 
     established a commission to be known as the ``Southern Border 
     Security Commission'' (referred to in this section as the 
     ``Commission'').
       (2) Expenditures and report.--Only if the Secretary cannot 
     certify that the Department has achieved effective control in 
     all border sectors for at least 1 fiscal year before the date 
     that is 5 years after the date of the enactment of this Act--
       (A) the report described in subsection (d) shall be 
     submitted; and
       (B) 60 days after such report is submitted, the funds made 
     available in section 6(a)(3)(A)(iii) may be expended (except 
     as provided in subsection (i)).
       (b) Composition.--
       (1) In general.--The Commission shall be composed of--
       (A) 2 members who shall be appointed by the President;
       (B) 2 members who shall be appointed by the President pro 
     tempore of the Senate, of which--
       (i) 1 shall be appointed upon the recommendation of the 
     leader in the Senate of the political party that is not the 
     political party of the President; and
       (ii) 1 shall be appointed upon the recommendation of the 
     leader in the Senate of the other political party;
       (C) 2 members who shall be appointed by the Speaker of the 
     House of Representatives, of which--
       (i) 1 shall be appointed upon the recommendation of the 
     leader in the House of Representatives of the political party 
     that is not the political party of the President; and
       (ii) 1 shall be appointed upon the recommendation of the 
     leader in the House of Representatives of the other political 
     party; and
       (D) 5 members, consisting of 1 member from the Southwestern 
     State of Nevada and 1 member from each of the States along 
     the Southern border, who shall be--
       (i) the Governor of such State; or
       (ii) appointed by the Governor of each such State.
       (2) Qualifications for appointment.--The members of the 
     Commission shall be distinguished individuals noted for their 
     knowledge and experience in the field of border security at 
     the Federal, State, or local level and may also include 
     reputable individuals who are landowners in the Southern 
     border area with first-hand experience with border issues.
       (3) Time of appointment.--The appointments required by 
     paragraph (1) shall be made not later than 1 year after the 
     date of the enactment of this Act.
       (4) Chair.--At the first meeting of the Commission, a 
     majority of the members of the Commission present and voting 
     shall elect the Chair of the Commission.
       (5) Vacancies.--Any vacancy of the Commission shall not 
     affect its powers, but shall be filled in the manner in which 
     the original appointment was made.
       (6) Rules.--The Commission shall establish the rules and 
     procedures of the Commission which shall require the approval 
     of at least 6 members of the Commission.
       (c) Duties.--
       (1) In general.--The Commission's primary responsibility 
     shall be to make recommendations to the President, the 
     Secretary, and Congress on policies to achieve and maintain 
     the border security goal specified in section 3(b) by 
     achieving and maintaining--
       (A) the capability to engage in, and engaging in, 
     persistent surveillance in border sectors along the Southern 
     border; and
       (B) an effectiveness rate of 90 percent or higher in all 
     border sectors along the Southern border.
       (2) Public hearings.--
       (A) In general.--The Commission shall convene at least 1 
     public hearing each year on border security.
       (B) Report.--The Commission shall provide a summary of each 
     hearing convened pursuant to subparagraph (A) to the entities 
     set out in subparagraphs (A) through (G) of section 5(a)(1).
       (d) Report.--If required pursuant to subsection (a)(2)(B) 
     and in no case earlier than the date that is 5 years after 
     the date of the enactment of this Act, the Commission shall 
     submit to the President, the Secretary, and Congress a report 
     setting forth specific recommendations for policies for 
     achieving and maintaining the border security goals specified 
     in subsection (c). The report shall include, at a minimum, 
     recommendations for the personnel, infrastructure, 
     technology, and other resources required to achieve and 
     maintain an effectiveness rate of 90 percent or higher in all 
     border sectors.
       (e) Travel Expenses.--Members of the Commission shall be 
     allowed travel expenses, including per diem in lieu of 
     subsistence rates authorized for employees of agencies under 
     subchapter I of chapter 57 of title 5, United States Code, 
     while away from their homes or regular places of business in 
     the performance of services for the Commission.
       (f) Administrative Support.--The Secretary shall provide 
     the Commission such staff and administrative services as may 
     be necessary and appropriate for the Commission to perform 
     its functions. Any employee of the executive branch of 
     Government may be detailed to the Commission without 
     reimbursement to the agency of that employee and such detail 
     shall be without interruption or loss of civil service or 
     status or privilege.
       (g) Comptroller General Review.--The Comptroller General of 
     the United States shall review the recommendations in the 
     report submitted under subsection (d) in order to determine--
       (1) whether any of the recommendations are likely to 
     achieve effective control in all border sectors;
       (2) which recommendations are most likely to achieve 
     effective control; and
       (3) whether such recommendations are feasible within 
     existing budget constraints.
       (h) Termination.--The Commission shall terminate 10 years 
     after the date of the enactment of this Act.
       (i) Funding.--The amounts made available under section 
     6(a)(3)(A)(iii) to carry out programs, projects, and 
     activities recommended by the Commission may not be expended 
     prior to the date that is 60 days after a report required by 
     subsection (d) is submitted and, in no case, prior to 60 days 
     after the date that is 5 years after the date of the 
     enactment of this Act, except that funds made available under 
     section 6(a)(3)(A)(iii) may be used for minimal 
     administrative expenses directly associated with convening 
     the public hearings required by subsection (c)(2)(A) and 
     preparing and providing summaries of such hearings required 
     by subsection (c)(2)(B).

     SEC. 5. COMPREHENSIVE SOUTHERN BORDER SECURITY STRATEGY AND 
                   SOUTHERN BORDER FENCING STRATEGY.

       (a) Comprehensive Southern Border Security Strategy.--
       (1) In general.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
     the enactment of this Act, the Secretary, in consultation 
     with the Attorney General and the Secretary of Defense, shall 
     submit a strategy, to be known as the ``Comprehensive 
     Southern Border Security Strategy'', for achieving and 
     maintaining effective control between and at the ports of 
     entry in all border sectors along the Southern border, to--
       (A) the Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental 
     Affairs of the Senate;
       (B) the Committee on Homeland Security of the House of 
     Representatives;
       (C) the Committee on Appropriations of the Senate;
       (D) the Committee on Appropriations of the House of 
     Representatives;
       (E) the Committee on the Judiciary of the Senate;
       (F) the Committee on the Judiciary of the House of 
     Representatives;
       (G) the Committee on Armed Services of the Senate;
       (H) the Committee on Armed Services of the House of 
     Representatives; and
       (I) the Comptroller General of the United States.
       (2) Elements.--The Comprehensive Southern Border Security 
     Strategy shall specify--
       (A) the priorities that must be met for the strategy to be 
     successfully executed; and
       (B) the capabilities required to meet each of the 
     priorities referred to in subparagraph (A), including--
       (i) surveillance and detection capabilities developed or 
     used by the various Departments and Agencies for the Federal 
     government for the purposes of enhancing the functioning and 
     operational capability to conduct continuous and integrated 
     manned or unmanned, monitoring, sensing, or surveillance of 
     100 percent of Southern border mileage or the immediate 
     vicinity of the Southern border;
       (ii) the requirement for stationing sufficient Border 
     Patrol agents and Customs and Border Protection officers 
     between and at ports of entry along the Southern border; and
       (iii) the necessary and qualified staff and equipment to 
     fully utilize available unarmed, unmanned aerial systems and 
     unarmed, fixed wing aircraft.
       (3) Minimum requirements.--The Comprehensive Southern 
     Border Security Strategy shall require, at a minimum, the 
     deployment of the following technologies for each Border 
     Patrol sector along the Southern Border:
       (A) Arizona (yuma and tucson sectors).--For Arizona (Yuma 
     and Tucson Sectors) between ports of entry the following:
       (i) 50 integrated fixed towers.

[[Page S5361]]

       (ii) 73 fixed camera systems (with relocation capability), 
     which include Remote Video Surveillance Systems.
       (iii) 28 mobile surveillance systems, which include mobile 
     video surveillance systems, agent-portable surveillance 
     systems, and mobile surveillance capability systems.
       (iv) 685 unattended ground sensors, including seismic, 
     imaging, and infrared.
       (v) 22 handheld equipment devices, including handheld 
     thermal imaging systems and night vision goggles.
       (B) San diego, california.--For San Diego, California the 
     following:
       (i) Between ports of entry.--Between ports of entry the 
     following:

       (I) 3 integrated fixed towers.
       (II) 41 fixed camera systems (with relocation capability), 
     which include Remote Video Surveillance Systems.
       (III) 14 mobile surveillance systems, which include mobile 
     video surveillance systems, agent-portable surveillance 
     systems, and mobile surveillance capability systems.
       (IV) 393 unattended ground sensors, including seismic, 
     imaging, and infrared.
       (V) 83 handheld equipment devices, including handheld 
     thermal imaging systems and night vision goggles.

       (ii) At points of entry, checkpoints.--At points of entry, 
     checkpoints the following:

       (I) 2 non-intrusive inspection systems, including fixed and 
     mobile.
       (II) 1 radiation portal monitor.
       (III) 1 littoral detection and classification network

       (C) El centro, california.--For El Centro, California the 
     following:
       (i) Between ports of entry.--Between ports of entry the 
     following:

       (I) 66 fixed camera systems (with relocation capability), 
     which include Remote Video Surveillance Systems.
       (II) 18 mobile surveillance systems, which include mobile 
     video surveillance systems, agent-portable surveillance 
     systems, and mobile surveillance capability systems.
       (III) 85 unattended ground sensors, including seismic, 
     imaging, and infrared.
       (IV) 57 handheld equipment devices, including handheld 
     thermal imaging systems and night vision goggles.
       (V) 2 sensor repeaters.
       (VI) 2 communications repeaters.

       (ii) At points of entry, checkpoints.--At points of entry, 
     checkpoints the following:

       (I) 5 fiber-optic tank inspection scopes.
       (II) 1 license plate reader.
       (III) 1 backscatter.
       (IV) 2 portable contraband detectors.
       (V) 2 radiation isotope identification devices.
       (VI) 8 radiation isotope identification devices updates.
       (VII) 3 personal radiation detectors.
       (VIII) 16 mobile automated targeting systems.

       (D) El paso, texas.--For El Paso, Texas the following:
       (i) Between ports of entry.--Between ports of entry the 
     following:

       (I) 27 integrated fixed towers.
       (II) 71 fixed camera systems (with relocation capability), 
     which include Remote Video Surveillance Systems.
       (III) 31 mobile surveillance systems, which include mobile 
     video surveillance systems, agent-portable surveillance 
     systems, and mobile surveillance capability systems.
       (IV) 170 unattended ground sensors, including seismic, 
     imaging, and infrared.
       (V) 24 handheld equipment devices, including handheld 
     thermal imaging systems and night vision goggles.
       (VI) 1 communications repeater.
       (VII) 1 sensor repeater.
       (VIII) 2 camera refresh.

       (ii) At points of entry, checkpoints.--At points of entry, 
     checkpoints the following:

       (I) 4 non-intrusive inspection systems, including fixed and 
     mobile.
       (II) 23 fiber-optic tank inspection scopes.
       (III) 1 portable contraband detectors.
       (IV) 19 radiation isotope identification devices updates.
       (V) 1 real time radioscopy version 4.
       (VI) 8 personal radiation detectors.

       (E) Big bend, texas.--For Big Bend, Texas the following:
       (i) Between ports of entry.--Between ports of entry the 
     following:

       (I) 7 fixed camera systems (with relocation capability), 
     which include remote video surveillance systems.
       (II) 29 mobile surveillance systems, which include mobile 
     video surveillance systems, agent-portable surveillance 
     systems, and mobile surveillance capability systems.
       (III) 1105 unattended ground sensors, including seismic, 
     imaging, and infrared.
       (IV) 131 handheld equipment devices, including handheld 
     thermal imaging systems and night vision goggles.
       (V) 1 mid-range camera refresh.
       (VI) 1 improved surveillance capabilities for existing 
     aerostat.
       (VII) 27 sensor repeaters.
       (VIII) 27 communications repeaters.

       (ii) At points of entry, checkpoints.--At points of entry, 
     checkpoints the following:

       (I) 7 fiber-optic tank inspection scopes.
       (II) 3 license plate readers, including mobile, tactical, 
     and fixed.
       (III) 12 portable contraband detectors.
       (IV) 7 radiation isotope identification devices.
       (V) 12 radiation isotope identification devices updates.
       (VI) 254 personal radiation detectors.
       (VII) 19 mobile automated targeting systems.

       (F) Del rio, texas.--For Del Rio, Texas the following:
       (i) Between ports of entry.--Between ports of entry the 
     following:

       (I) 3 integrated fixed towers.
       (II) 74 fixed camera systems (with relocation capability), 
     which include remote video surveillance systems.
       (III) 47 mobile surveillance systems, which include mobile 
     video surveillance systems, agent-portable surveillance 
     systems, and mobile surveillance capability systems.
       (IV) 868 unattended ground sensors, including seismic, 
     imaging, and infrared.
       (V) 174 handheld equipment devices, including handheld 
     thermal imaging systems and night vision goggles.
       (VI) 26 mobile/handheld inspection scopes and sensors for 
     checkpoints.
       (VII) 1 improved surveillance capabilities for existing 
     aerostat.
       (VIII) 21 sensor repeaters.
       (IX) 21 communications repeaters.

       (ii) At points of entry, checkpoints.--At points of entry, 
     checkpoints the following:

       (I) 4 license plate readers, including mobile, tactical, 
     and fixed.
       (II) 13 radiation isotope identification devices updates.
       (III) 3 mobile automated targeting systems.
       (IV) 6 land automated targeting systems.

       (G) Laredo, texas.--For Laredo, Texas the following:
       (i) Between the ports of entry.--Between ports of entry the 
     following:

       (I) 2 integrated fixed towers.
       (II) 69 fixed camera systems (with relocation capability), 
     which include remote video surveillance systems.
       (III) 38 mobile surveillance systems, which include mobile 
     video surveillance systems, agent-portable surveillance 
     systems, and mobile surveillance capability systems.
       (IV) 573 unattended ground sensors, including seismic, 
     imaging, and infrared.
       (V) 124 handheld equipment devices, including handheld 
     thermal imaging systems and night vision goggles.
       (VI) 38 sensor repeaters.
       (VII) 38 communications repeaters.

       (ii) At points of entry, checkpoints.--At points of entry, 
     checkpoints the following:

       (I) 1 non-intrusive inspection system.
       (II) 7 fiber-optic tank inspection scopes.
       (III) 19 license plate readers, including mobile, tactical, 
     and fixed.
       (IV) 2 backscatter.
       (V) 14 portable contraband detectors.
       (VI) 2 radiation isotope identification devices.
       (VII) 18 radiation isotope identification devices updates.
       (VIII) 16 personal radiation detectors.
       (IX) 24 mobile automated targeting systems.
       (X) 3 land automated targeting systems.

       (H) Rio grande valley.--For Rio Grande Valley the 
     following:
       (i) Between ports of entry.--Between ports of entry the 
     following:

       (I) 1 integrated fixed towers.
       (II) 87 fixed camera systems (with relocation capability), 
     which include remote video surveillance systems.
       (III) 27 mobile surveillance systems, which include mobile 
     video surveillance systems, agent-portable surveillance 
     systems, and mobile surveillance capability systems.
       (IV) 716 unattended ground sensors, including seismic, 
     imaging, and infrared.
       (V) 205 handheld equipment devices, including handheld 
     thermal imaging systems and night vision goggles.
       (VI) 4 sensor repeaters.
       (VII) 1 communications repeater.
       (VIII) 2 camera refresh.

       (ii) At points of entry, checkpoints.--At points of entry, 
     checkpoints the following:

       (I) 1 mobile non-intrusive inspection system.
       (II) 11 fiberoptic tank inspection scopes.
       (III) 1 license plate reader.
       (IV) 2 backscatter.
       (V) 2 card reader system.
       (VI) 8 portable contraband detectors.
       (VII) 5 radiation isotope identification devices.
       (VIII) 18 radiation isotope identification devices updates.
       (IX) 135 personal radiation detectors.

       (iii) Air and marine across the southwest border.--For air 
     and marine across the Southwest border the following:

       (I) 4 unmanned aircraft systems.
       (II) 6 VADER radar systems.
       (III) 17 UH-1N helicopters.
       (IV) 8 C-206H aircraft upgrades.
       (V) 8 AS-350 light enforcement helicopters.
       (VI) 10 Blackhawk helicopter 10 A-L conversions, 5 new 
     Blackhawk M Model.
       (VII) 30 marine vessels.

       (4) Redeployment of resources to achieve effective 
     control.--The Secretary may reallocate the personnel, 
     infrastructure, and technologies required in the Southern 
     Border Security Strategy to achieve effective control of the 
     Southern border.
       (5) Alternate technology.--If the Secretary determines that 
     an alternate or new technology is at least as effective as 
     the technologies described in paragraph (3) and provides a 
     commensurate level of security, the Secretary may deploy that 
     technology in its place and without regard to the minimums in 
     this section. The Secretary shall notify Congress within 60 
     days of any such determination.
       (6) Annual report.--Beginning 1 year after the enactment of 
     this Act, and annually thereafter, the Secretary shall 
     provide to Congress a written report to Congress on the

[[Page S5362]]

     sector-by-sector deployment of infrastructure and 
     technologies.
       (7) Additional elements regarding execution.--The 
     Comprehensive Southern Border Security Strategy shall 
     describe--
       (A) how the resources referred to in paragraph (2)(C) will 
     be properly aligned with the priorities referred to in 
     paragraph (2)(A) to ensure that the strategy will be 
     successfully executed;
       (B) the interim goals that must be accomplished to 
     successfully implement the strategy; and
       (C) the schedule and supporting milestones under which the 
     Department will accomplish the interim goals referred to in 
     subparagraph (B).
       (8) Implementation.--
       (A) In general.--The Secretary shall commence the 
     implementation of the Comprehensive Southern Border Security 
     Strategy immediately after submitting the strategy under 
     paragraph (1).
       (B) Notice of commencement.--Upon commencing the 
     implementation of the strategy, the Secretary shall submit a 
     notice of commencement of such implementation to--
       (i) Congress; and
       (ii) the Comptroller General of the United States.
       (9) Semiannual reports.--
       (A) In general.--Not later than 180 days after the 
     Comprehensive Southern Border Security Strategy is submitted 
     under paragraph (1), and every 180 days thereafter, the 
     Secretary shall submit a report on the status of the 
     Department's implementation of the strategy to--
       (i) the Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental 
     Affairs of the Senate;
       (ii) the Committee on Homeland Security of the House of 
     Representatives;
       (iii) the Committee on Appropriations of the Senate;
       (iv) the Committee on Appropriations of the House of 
     Representatives;
       (v) the Committee on the Judiciary of the Senate;
       (vi) the Committee on the Judiciary of the House of 
     Representatives; and
       (vii) the Comptroller General of the United States.
       (B) Elements.--Each report submitted under subparagraph (A) 
     shall include--
       (i) a detailed description of the steps the Department has 
     taken, or plans to take, to execute the strategy submitted 
     under paragraph (1), including the progress made toward 
     achieving the interim goals and milestone schedule 
     established pursuant to subparagraphs (B) and (C) of 
     paragraph (3);
       (ii) a detailed description of--

       (I) any impediments identified in the Department's efforts 
     to execute the strategy;
       (II) the actions the Department has taken, or plans to 
     take, to address such impediments; and
       (III) any additional measures developed by the Department 
     to measure the state of security along the Southern border; 
     and

       (iii) for each Border Patrol sector along the Southern 
     border--

       (I) the effectiveness rate for each individual Border 
     Patrol sector and the aggregated effectiveness rate;
       (II) the number of recidivist apprehensions, sorted by 
     Border Patrol sector; and
       (III) the recidivism rate for all unique subjects that 
     received a criminal consequence through the Consequence 
     Delivery System process.

       (C) Annual review.--The Comptroller General of the United 
     States shall conduct an annual review of the information 
     contained in the semiannual reports submitted by the 
     Secretary under this paragraph and submit an assessment of 
     the status and progress of the Southern Border Security 
     Strategy to the committees set forth in subparagraph (A).
       (b) Southern Border Fencing Strategy.--
       (1) Establishment.--Not later than 180 days after the date 
     of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall establish a 
     strategy, to be known as the ``Southern Border Fencing 
     Strategy'', to identify where 700 miles of fencing (including 
     double-layer fencing), infrastructure, and technology, 
     including at ports of entry, should be deployed along the 
     Southern border.
       (2) Submission.--The Secretary shall submit the Southern 
     Border Fencing Strategy to Congress and the Comptroller 
     General of the United States for review.
       (3) Notice of commencement.--Upon commencing the 
     implementation of the Southern Border Fencing Strategy, the 
     Secretary shall submit a notice of commencement of the 
     implementation of the Strategy to Congress and the 
     Comptroller General of the United States.
       (4) Consultation.--
       (A) In general.--In implementing the Southern Border 
     Fencing Strategy required by this subsection, the Secretary 
     shall consult with the Secretary of the Interior, the 
     Secretary of Agriculture, States, local governments, Indian 
     tribes, and property owners in the United States to minimize 
     the impact on the environment, culture, commerce, and quality 
     of life for the communities and residents located near the 
     sites at which such fencing is to be constructed.
       (B) Savings provision.--Nothing in this paragraph may be 
     construed to--
       (i) create or negate any right of action for a State or 
     local government or other person or entity affected by this 
     subsection; or
       (ii) affect the eminent domain laws of the United States or 
     of any State.
       (5) Limitation on requirements.--Notwithstanding paragraph 
     (1), nothing in this subsection shall require the Secretary 
     to install fencing, or infrastructure that directly results 
     from the installation of such fencing, in a particular 
     location along the Southern border, if the Secretary 
     determines that the use or placement of such resources is not 
     the most appropriate means to achieve and maintain effective 
     control over the Southern border at such location.

     SEC. 6. COMPREHENSIVE IMMIGRATION REFORM FUNDS.

       (a) Comprehensive Immigration Reform Trust Fund.--
       (1) Establishment.--There is established in the Treasury a 
     separate account, to be known as the Comprehensive 
     Immigration Reform Trust Fund (referred to in this section as 
     the ``Trust Fund''), consisting of--
       (A) amounts transferred from the general fund of the 
     Treasury under paragraph (2)(A); and
       (B) proceeds from the fees described in paragraph (2)(B).
       (2) Deposits.--
       (A) Initial funding.--On the later of the date of the 
     enactment of this Act or October 1, 2013, $46,300,000,000 
     shall be transferred from the general fund of the Treasury to 
     the Trust Fund.
       (B) Ongoing funding.--Notwithstanding section 3302 of title 
     31, United States Code, in addition to the funding described 
     in subparagraph (A), and subject to paragraphs (3)(B) and 
     (4), the following amounts shall be deposited in the Trust 
     Fund:
       (i) Electronic travel authorization system fees.--Fees 
     collected under section 217(h)(3)(B)(i)(II) of the 
     Immigration and Nationality Act, as added by section 1102(c).
       (ii) Registered provisional immigrant penalties.--Penalties 
     collected under section 245B(c)(10)(C) of the Immigration and 
     Nationality Act, as added by section 2101.
       (iii) Blue card penalty.--Penalties collected under section 
     2211(b)(9)(C).
       (iv) Fine for adjustment from blue card status.--Fines 
     collected under section 245F(a)(5) of the Immigration and 
     Nationality Act, as added by section 2212(a).
       (v) Penalties for false statements in applications.--Fines 
     collected under section 245F(f) of the Immigration and 
     Nationality Act, as added by section 2212(a).
       (vi) Merit system green card fees.--Fees collected under 
     section 203(c)(6) of the Immigration and Nationality Act, as 
     amended by section 2301(a)(2).
       (vii) H-1B and l visa fees.--Fees collected under section 
     281(d) of the Immigration and Nationality Act, as added by 
     section 4105.
       (viii) H-1B outplacement fee.--Fees collected under section 
     212(n)(1)(F)(ii) of the Immigration and Nationality Act, as 
     amended by section 4211(d).
       (ix) H-1B nonimmigrant dependent employer fees.--Fees 
     collected under section 4233(a)(2).
       (x) L nonimmigrant dependent employer fees.--Fees collected 
     under section 4305(a)(2).
       (xi) J-1 visa mitigation fees.--Fees collected under 
     section 281(e) of the Immigration and Nationality Act, as 
     added by section 4407.
       (xii) F-1 visa fees.--Fees collected under section 281(f) 
     of the Immigration and Nationality Act, as added by section 
     4409.
       (xiii) Retiree visa fees.--Fees collected under section 
     214(w)(1)(B) of the Immigration and Nationality Act, as added 
     by section 4504(b).
       (xiv) Visitor visa fees.--Fees collected under section 
     281(g) of the Immigration and Nationality Act, as added by 
     section 4509.
       (xv) H-2B visa fees.--Fees collected under section 
     214(x)(5)(A) of the Immigration and Nationality Act, as added 
     by section 4602(a).
       (xvi) Nonimmigrants performing maintenance on common 
     carriers.--Fees collected under section 214(z) of the 
     Immigration and Nationality Act, as added by section 4604.
       (xvii) X-1 visa fees.--Fees collected under section 
     214(s)(6) of the Immigration and Nationality Act, as added by 
     section 4801.
       (xviii) Penalty for adjustment from registered provisional 
     immigrant status.--Penalties collected under section 
     245C(c)(5)(B) of the Immigration and Nationality Act, as 
     added by section 2102.
       (C) Authority to adjust fees.--As necessary to carry out 
     the purposes of this Act, the Secretary may adjust the 
     amounts of the fees and penalties set out under subparagraph 
     (B), except for the fines and penalties referred to in 
     clauses (ii), (iii), (iv), or (xviii) of such subparagraph; 
     provided further that the Secretary shall adjust the amounts 
     of the fees and penalties set out under subparagraph (B), 
     except for the fines and penalties referred to in clauses 
     (ii), (iii), (iv), or (xviii) of such subparagraph to result 
     in no less than $500,000,000 being available for fiscal year 
     2014 and $1,000,000,000 for fiscal years 2015 through 2023 
     for appropriations for activities authorized under this Act. 
     If the Secretary determines that adjusting the fees and 
     penalties set out under subparagraph (B) will be insufficient 
     or impractical to cover the costs of the mandatory 
     enforcement expenditures in this Act, the Secretary may 
     charge an additional surcharge on every immigrant and 
     nonimmigrant petition filed with the Secretary in an amount 
     designed to be the minimum proportional surcharge necessary 
     to recover the annual mandatory enforcement expenditures in 
     this legislation.
       (3) Use of funds.--
       (A) Initial funding.--Of the amounts transferred to the 
     Trust Fund pursuant to paragraph (2)(A)--

[[Page S5363]]

       (i) $30,000,000,000 shall remain available for the 10-year 
     period beginning on the date specified in paragraph (2)(A) 
     for use by the Secretary in hiring and deploying at least 
     19,200 additional trained full-time active duty U.S. Border 
     Patrol agents along the Southern Border;
       (ii) $4,500,000,000 shall remain available for the 5-year 
     period beginning on the date specified in paragraph (2)(A) 
     for use by the Secretary to carry out the Comprehensive 
     Southern Border Security Strategy;
       (iii) $2,000,000,000 shall remain available for the 10-year 
     period beginning on the date specified in paragraph (2)(A) 
     for use by the Secretary to carry out programs, projects, and 
     activities recommended by the Commission pursuant to section 
     4(d) to achieve and maintain the border security goal 
     specified in section 3(b), and for the administrative 
     expenses directly associated with convening the public 
     hearings required by section 3(c)(2)(A) and preparing and 
     providing summaries of such hearings required by section 
     3(c)(2)(B);
       (iv) $8,000,000,000 shall be made available to the 
     Secretary, during the 5-year period beginning on the date of 
     the enactment of this Act, to procure and deploy fencing, 
     infrastructure, and technology in accordance with the 
     Southern Border Fencing Strategy established pursuant to 
     section 5(b), not less than $7,500,000,000 of which shall be 
     used to deploy, repair, or replace fencing;
       (v) $750,000,000 shall remain available for the 6-year 
     period beginning on the date specified in paragraph (2)(A) 
     for use by the Secretary to expand and implement the 
     mandatory employment verification system, which shall be used 
     as required by section 274A of the Immigration and 
     Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1324a), as amended by section 3101;
       (vi) $900,000,000 shall remain available for the 8-year 
     period beginning on the date specified in paragraph (2)(A) 
     for use by the Secretary of State to pay for one-time and 
     startup costs necessary to implement this Act; and
       (vii) $150,000,000 shall remain available for the 2-year 
     period beginning on the date specified in paragraph (2)(A) 
     for use by the Secretary for transfer to the Secretary of 
     Labor, the Secretary of Agriculture, or the Attorney General, 
     for initial costs of implementing this Act.
       (B) Repayment of trust fund expenses.--The first 
     $8,300,000,000 collected pursuant to the fees, penalties, and 
     fines referred to in clauses (ii), (iii), (iv), (vi), (xiii), 
     (xvii), and (xviii) of paragraph (2)(B) shall be collected, 
     deposited in the general fund of the Treasury, and used for 
     Federal budget deficit reduction. Collections in excess of 
     $8,300,000,000 shall be deposited into the Trust Fund, as 
     specified in paragraph (2)(B).
       (C) Program implementation.--Amounts deposited into the 
     Trust Fund pursuant to paragraph (2)(B) shall be available 
     during each of fiscal years 2014 through 2018 as follows:
       (i) $50,000,000 to carry out the activities referenced in 
     section 1104(a)(1).
       (ii) $50,000,000 to carry out the activities referenced in 
     section 1104(b).
       (D) Ongoing funding.--Subject to the availability of 
     appropriations, amounts deposited in the Trust Fund pursuant 
     to paragraph (2)(B) are authorized to be appropriated as 
     follows:
       (i) Such sums as may be necessary to carry out the 
     authorizations included in this Act, including the costs, 
     including pay and benefits, associated with the additional 
     personnel required by section 1102.
       (ii) Such sums as may be necessary to carry out the 
     operations and maintenance of border security and immigration 
     enforcement investments referenced in subparagraph (A).
       (E) Expenditure plan.--The Secretary, in consultation with 
     the Attorney General and the Secretary of Defense, shall 
     submit to the Committee on Appropriations of the Senate, the 
     Committee on the Judiciary of the Senate, the Committee on 
     Appropriations of the House of Representatives, and the 
     Committee on the Judiciary of the House of Representatives, 
     in conjunction with the Comprehensive Southern Border 
     Strategy and the Southern Border Fencing Strategy, a plan for 
     expenditure that describes--
       (i) the types and planned deployment of fixed, mobile, 
     video, and agent and officer portable surveillance and 
     detection equipment, including those recommended or provided 
     by the Department of Defense;
       (ii) the number of Border Patrol agents and Customs and 
     Border Protection officers to be hired, including a detailed 
     description of which Border Patrol sectors and which land 
     border ports of entry they will be stationed;
       (iii) the numbers and type of unarmed, unmanned aerial 
     systems and unarmed, fixed-wing and rotary aircraft, 
     including pilots, air interdiction agents, and support staff 
     to fly or otherwise operate and maintain the equipment;
       (iv) the numbers, types, and planned deployment of marine 
     and riverine vessels, if any, including marine interdiction 
     agents and support staff to operate and maintain the vessels;
       (v) the locations, amount, and planned deployment of 
     fencing, including double layer fencing, tactical and other 
     infrastructure, and technology, including but not limited to 
     fixed towers, sensors, cameras, and other detection 
     technology;
       (vi) the numbers, types, and planned deployment of ground-
     based mobile surveillance systems;
       (vii) the numbers, types, and planned deployment of 
     tactical and other interoperable law enforcement 
     communications systems and equipment;
       (viii) required construction, including repairs, expansion, 
     and maintenance, and location of additional checkpoints, 
     Border Patrol stations, and forward operating bases;
       (ix) the number of additional attorneys and support staff 
     for the Office of the United States Attorney for Tucson;
       (x) the number of additional support staff and interpreters 
     in the Office of the Clerk of the Court for Tucson;
       (xi) the number of additional personnel, including Marshals 
     and Deputy Marshals for the United States Marshals Office for 
     Tucson;
       (xii) the number of additional magistrate judges for the 
     southern border United States District Courts;
       (xiii) activities to be funded by the Homeland Security 
     Border Oversight Task Force;
       (xiv) amounts and types of grants to States and other 
     entities;
       (xv) amounts and activities necessary to hire additional 
     personnel and for start-up costs related to upgrading 
     software and information technology necessary to transition 
     from a voluntary E-Verify system to mandatory employment 
     verification system under section 274A of the Immigration and 
     Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1324a) within 5 years;
       (xvi) the number of additional personnel and other costs 
     associated with implementing the immigration courts and 
     removal proceedings mandated in subtitle E of title III;
       (xvii) the steps the Commissioner of Social Security plans 
     to take to create a fraud-resistant, tamper-resistant, wear-
     resistant, and identity-theft resistant Social Security card, 
     including--

       (I) the types of equipment needed to create the card;
       (II) the total estimated costs for completion that clearly 
     delineates costs associated with the acquisition of equipment 
     and transition to operation, subdivided by fiscal year and 
     including a description of the purpose by fiscal year for 
     design, pre-acquisition activities, production, and 
     transition to operation;
       (III) the number and type of personnel, including contract 
     personnel, required to research, design, test, and produce 
     the card; and
       (IV) a detailed schedule for production of the card, 
     including an estimated completion date at the projected 
     funding level provided in this Act; and

       (xviii) the operations and maintenance costs associated 
     with the implementation of clauses (i) through (xvii).
       (F) Annual revision.--The expenditure plan required in (E) 
     shall be revised and submitted with the President's budget 
     proposals for fiscal year 2016, 2017, 2018, and 2019 pursuant 
     to the requirements of section 1105(a) of title 31, United 
     States Code.
       (G) Commission expenditure plan.--
       (i) Requirement for plan.--If the Southern Border Security 
     Commission referenced in section 4 is established, the 
     Secretary shall submit to the appropriate committees of 
     Congress, not later than 60 days after the submission of the 
     review required by section 4(g), a plan for expenditure that 
     achieves the recommendations in the report required by 
     section 4(d) and the review required by section 4(g).
       (ii) Appropriate committees of congress defined.--In clause 
     (i), the term ``appropriate committees of Congress'' means--

       (I) the Committee on Appropriations, the Committee on the 
     Judiciary, and the Committee on Finance of the Senate; and
       (II) the Committee on Appropriations, the Committee on the 
     Judiciary, and the Committee on Ways and Means of the House 
     of Representatives.

       (4) Limitation on collection.--
       (A) In general.--No fee deposited in the Trust Fund may be 
     collected except to the extent that the expenditure of the 
     fee is provided for in advance in an appropriations Act only 
     to pay the costs of activities and services for which 
     appropriations are authorized to be funded from the Trust 
     Fund.
       (B) Receipts collected as offsetting receipts.--Until the 
     date of the enactment of an Act making appropriations for the 
     activities authorized under this Act through September 30, 
     2014, the fees authorized by paragraph (2)(B) that are not 
     deposited into the general fund pursuant to paragraph (3)(B) 
     may be collected and shall be credited as to the Trust Fund 
     to remain available until expended only to pay the costs of 
     activities and services for which appropriations are 
     authorized to be funded from the Trust Fund.
       (b) Comprehensive Immigration Reform Startup Account.--
       (1) Establishment.--There is established in the Treasury a 
     separate account, to be known as the ``Comprehensive 
     Immigration Reform Startup Account,'' (referred to in this 
     section as the ``Startup Account''), consisting of amounts 
     transferred from the general fund of the Treasury under 
     paragraph (2).
       (2) Deposits.--There is appropriated to the Startup 
     Account, out of any funds in the Treasury not otherwise 
     appropriated, $3,000,000,000, to remain available until 
     expended on the later of the date that is--
       (A) the date of the enactment of this Act; or
       (B) October 1, 2013.
       (3) Repayment of startup costs.--
       (A) In general.--Notwithstanding section 286(m) of the 
     Immigration and Nationality

[[Page S5364]]

     Act (8 U.S.C. 1356(m)), 50 percent of fees collected under 
     section 245B(c)(10)(A) of the Immigration and Nationality 
     Act, as added by section 2101 of this Act, shall be deposited 
     monthly in the general fund of the Treasury and used for 
     Federal budget deficit reduction until the funding provided 
     by paragraph (2) has been repaid.
       (B) Deposit in the immigration examinations fee account.--
     Fees collected in excess of the amount referenced in 
     subparagraph (A) shall be deposited in the Immigration 
     Examinations Fee Account, pursuant to section 286(m) of the 
     Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1356(m)), and shall 
     remain available until expended pursuant to section 286(n) of 
     the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1356(n)).
       (4) Use of funds.--The Secretary shall use the amounts 
     transferred to the Startup Account to pay for one-time and 
     startup costs necessary to implement this Act, including--
       (A) equipment, information technology systems, 
     infrastructure, and human resources;
       (B) outreach to the public, including development and 
     promulgation of any regulations, rules, or other public 
     notice;
       (C) grants to community and faith-based organizations; and
       (D) anti-fraud programs and actions related to 
     implementation of this Act.
       (5) Expenditure plan.--Not later than 90 days after the 
     date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary, in 
     consultation with the Attorney General and the Secretary of 
     Defense, shall submit to the Committee on Appropriations and 
     the Committee on the Judiciary of the Senate and the 
     Committee on Appropriations and the Committee on the 
     Judiciary of the House of Representatives, a plan for 
     expenditure of the one-time and startup funds in the Startup 
     Account that provides details on--
       (A) the types of equipment, information technology systems, 
     infrastructure, and human resources;
       (B) the plans for outreach to the public, including 
     development and promulgation of any regulations, rules, or 
     other public notice;
       (C) the types and amounts of grants to community and faith-
     based organizations; and
       (D) the anti-fraud programs and actions related to 
     implementation of this Act.
       (c) Annual Audits.--
       (1) Audits required.--Not later than October 1 each year 
     beginning on or after the date of the enactment of this Act, 
     the Chief Financial Officer of the Department of Homeland 
     Security shall, in conjunction with the Inspector General of 
     the Department of Homeland Security, conduct an audit of the 
     Trust Fund.
       (2) Reports.--Upon completion of each audit of the Trust 
     Fund under paragraph (1), the Chief Financial Officer shall, 
     in conjunction with the Inspector General, submit to 
     Congress, and make available to the public on an Internet 
     website of the Department available to the public, a jointly 
     audited financial statement concerning the Trust Fund.
       (3) Elements.--Each audited financial statement under 
     paragraph (2) shall include the following:
       (A) The report of an independent certified public 
     accountant.
       (B) A balance sheet reporting admitted assets, liabilities, 
     capital and surplus.
       (C) A statement of cash flow.
       (D) Such other information on the Trust Fund as the Chief 
     Financial Officer, the Inspector General, or the independent 
     certified public accountant considers appropriate to 
     facilitate a comprehensive understanding of the Trust Fund 
     during the year covered by the financial statement.
       (d) Determination of Budgetary Effects.--
       (1) Emergency designation for congressional enforcement.--
     In the Senate, amounts appropriated by or deposited in the 
     general fund of the Treasury pursuant to this section are 
     designated as an emergency requirement pursuant to section 
     403(a) of S. Con. Res. 13 (111th Congress), the concurrent 
     resolution on the budget for fiscal year 2010.
       (2) Emergency designation for statutory paygo.--Amounts 
     appropriated by or deposited in the general fund of the 
     Treasury pursuant to this section are designated as an 
     emergency requirement under section 4(g) of the Statutory 
     Pay-As-You-Go Act of 2010 (Public Law 111-139; 2 U.S.C. 
     933(g)).

     SEC. 7. REFERENCE TO THE IMMIGRATION AND NATIONALITY ACT.

       Except as otherwise expressly provided, whenever in this 
     Act an amendment or repeal is expressed in terms of an 
     amendment to, or repeal of, a section or other provision, the 
     reference shall be considered to be made to a section or 
     other provision of the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 
     U.S.C. 1101 et seq.).

     SEC. 8. DEFINITIONS.

       In this Act:
       (1) Department.--Except as otherwise provided, the term 
     ``Department'' means the Department of Homeland Security.
       (2) Secretary.--Except as otherwise provided, the term 
     ``Secretary'' means the Secretary of Homeland Security.

     SEC. 9. GRANT ACCOUNTABILITY.

       (a) Definitions.--In this section:
       (1) Awarding entities.--The term ``awarding entities'' 
     means the Secretary of Homeland Security, the Director of the 
     Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA), the Chief of the 
     Office of Citizenship and New Americans, as designated by 
     this Act, and the Director of the National Science 
     Foundation.
       (2) Nonprofit organization.--The term ``nonprofit 
     organization'' means an organization that is described in 
     section 501(c)(3) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 and is 
     exempt from taxation under section 501(a) of such Code.
       (3) Unresolved audit finding.--The term ``unresolved audit 
     finding'' means a finding in a final audit report conducted 
     by the Inspector General of the Department of Homeland 
     Security, or the Inspector General for the National Science 
     Foundation for grants awarded by the Director of the National 
     Science Foundation, that the audited grantee has utilized 
     grant funds for an unauthorized expenditure or otherwise 
     unallowable cost that is not closed or resolved within 1 year 
     from the date when the final audit report is issued.
       (b) Accountability.--All grants awarded by awarding 
     entities pursuant to this Act shall be subject to the 
     following accountability provisions:
       (1) Audit requirement.--
       (A) Audits.--Beginning in the first fiscal year beginning 
     after the date of the enactment of this section, and in each 
     fiscal year thereafter, the Inspector General of the 
     Department of Homeland Security, or the Inspector General for 
     the National Science Foundation for grants awarded by the 
     Director of the National Science Foundation, shall conduct 
     audits of recipients of grants under this Act to prevent 
     waste, fraud, and abuse of funds by grantees. The Inspector 
     Generals shall determine the appropriate number of grantees 
     to be audited each year.
       (B) Mandatory exclusion.--A recipient of grant funds under 
     this Act that is found to have an unresolved audit finding 
     shall not be eligible to receive grant funds under this Act 
     during the first 2 fiscal years beginning after the end of 
     the 1-year period described in subsection (a)(3).
       (C) Priority.--In awarding grants under this Act, the 
     awarding entities shall give priority to eligible applicants 
     that did not have an unresolved audit finding during the 3 
     fiscal years before submitting an application for a grant 
     under this Act.
       (D) Reimbursement.--If an entity is awarded grant funds 
     under this Act during the 2-fiscal-year period during which 
     the entity is barred from receiving grants under subparagraph 
     (B), the awarding entity shall--
       (i) deposit an amount equal to the amount of the grant 
     funds that were improperly awarded to the grantee into the 
     General Fund of the Treasury; and
       (ii) seek to recoup the costs of the repayment to the fund 
     from the grant recipient that was erroneously awarded grant 
     funds.
       (2) Nonprofit organization requirements.--
       (A) Prohibition.--An awarding entity may not award a grant 
     under this Act to a nonprofit organization that holds money 
     in offshore accounts for the purpose of avoiding paying the 
     tax described in section 511(a) of the Internal Revenue Code 
     of 1986.
       (B) Disclosure.--Each nonprofit organization that is 
     awarded a grant under this Act and uses the procedures 
     prescribed in regulations to create a rebuttable presumption 
     of reasonableness for the compensation of its officers, 
     directors, trustees, and key employees, shall disclose to the 
     awarding entity, in the application for the grant, the 
     process for determining such compensation, including the 
     independent persons involved in reviewing and approving such 
     compensation, the comparability data used, and 
     contemporaneous substantiation of the deliberation and 
     decision. Upon request, the awarding entity shall make the 
     information disclosed under this subparagraph available for 
     public inspection.
       (3) Conference expenditures.--
       (A) Limitation.--No amounts authorized to be appropriated 
     to the Department of Homeland Security or the National 
     Science Foundation for grant programs under this Act may be 
     used by an awarding entity or by any individual or entity 
     awarded discretionary funds through a cooperative agreement 
     under this Act to host or support any expenditure for 
     conferences that uses more than $20,000 in funds made 
     available by the Department of Homeland Security or the 
     National Science Foundation unless the Deputy Secretary for 
     Homeland Security, or the Deputy Director of the National 
     Science Foundation, or their designee, provides prior written 
     authorization that the funds may be expended to host the 
     conference.
       (B) Written approval.--Written approval under subparagraph 
     (A) shall include a written estimate of all costs associated 
     with the conference, including the cost of all food, 
     beverages, audio-visual equipment, honoraria for speakers, 
     and entertainment.
       (C) Report.--The Deputy Secretary of Homeland Security and 
     the Deputy Director of the National Science Foundation shall 
     submit an annual report to Congress on all conference 
     expenditures approved under this paragraph.
       (4) Annual certification.--Beginning in the first fiscal 
     year beginning after the date of the enactment of this 
     subsection, each awarding entity shall submit to Congress a 
     report--
       (A) indicating whether--
       (i) all audits issued by the Offices of the Inspector 
     General under paragraph (1) have been completed and reviewed 
     by the appropriate individuals;

[[Page S5365]]

       (ii) all mandatory exclusions required under paragraph 
     (1)(B) have been issued; and
       (iii) all reimbursements required under paragraph (1)(D) 
     have been made; and
       (B) including a list of any grant recipients excluded under 
     paragraph (1) from the previous year.

             TITLE I--BORDER SECURITY AND OTHER PROVISIONS

                      Subtitle A--Border Security

     SEC. 1101. DEFINITIONS.

       In this title:
       (1) Northern border.--The term ``Northern border'' means 
     the international border between the United States and 
     Canada.
       (2) Rural, high-trafficked areas.--The term ``rural, high-
     trafficked areas'' means rural areas through which drugs and 
     undocumented aliens are routinely smuggled, as designated by 
     the Commissioner of U.S. Customs and Border Protection.
       (3) Southern border.--The term ``Southern border'' means 
     the international border between the United States and 
     Mexico.
       (4) Southwest border region.--The term ``Southwest border 
     region'' means the area in the United States that is within 
     100 miles of the Southern border.

     SEC. 1102. ADDITIONAL U.S. BORDER PATROL AND U.S. CUSTOMS AND 
                   BORDER PROTECTION OFFICERS.

       (a) U.S. Border Patrol.--Not later than September 30, 2021, 
     the Secretary shall increase the number of trained full-time 
     active duty U.S. Border Patrol agents deployed to the 
     Southern border to 38,405.
       (b) U.S. Customs and Border Protection.--Not later than 
     September 30, 2017, the Secretary shall increase the number 
     of trained U.S. Customs and Border Protection officers by 
     3,500, compared to the number of such officers as of the date 
     of the enactment of this Act. In allocating any new officers 
     to international land ports of entry and high volume 
     international airports, the primary goals shall be to 
     increase security and reduce wait times of commercial and 
     passenger vehicles at international land ports of entry and 
     primary processing wait times at high volume international 
     airports by 50 percent by fiscal year 2104 and screening all 
     air passengers within 45 minutes under normal operating 
     conditions or 80 percent of passengers within 30 minutes by 
     fiscal year 2016. The Secretary shall make progress in 
     increasing such number of officers during each of the fiscal 
     years 2014 through 2017.
       (c) Air and Marine Unmanned Aircraft Systems Crew.--Not 
     later than September 30, 2015, the Secretary shall increase 
     the number of trained U.S. Customs and Border Protection Air 
     and Marine unmanned aircraft systems crew, marine agent, and 
     personnel by 160 compared to the number of such officers as 
     of the date of the enactment of this Act. The Secretary shall 
     increase and maintain Customs and Border Protection Office of 
     Air and Marine flight hours to 130,000 annually.
       (d) Construction.--Nothing in subsection (a) may be 
     construed to preclude the Secretary from reassigning or 
     stationing U.S. Customs and Border Protection Officers and 
     U.S. Border Patrol Agents from the Northern border to the 
     Southern border.
       (e) Funding.--Section 217(h)(3)(B) (8 U.S.C. 1187(h)(3)(B)) 
     is amended--
       (1) in clause (i)--
       (A) by striking ``No later than 6 months after the date of 
     enactment of the Travel Promotion Act of 2009, the'' and 
     inserting ``The'';
       (B) in subclause (I), by striking ``and'' at the end;
       (C) by redesignating subclause (II) as subclause (III); and
       (D) by inserting after subclause (I) the following:

       ``(II) $16 for border processing; and'';

       (2) in clause (ii), by striking ``Amounts collected under 
     clause (i)(II)'' and inserting ``Amounts collected under 
     clause (i)(II) shall be deposited into the Comprehensive 
     Immigration Reform Trust Fund established under section 
     6(a)(1) of the Border Security, Economic Opportunity, and 
     Immigration Modernization Act, for the purpose of 
     implementing section 1102(b) of such Act. Amounts collected 
     under clause (i)(III)''; and
       (3) by striking clause (iii).
       (f) Corporation for Travel Promotion.--Section 9(d)(2)(B) 
     of the Travel Promotion Act of 2009 (22 U.S.C. 2131(d)(2)(B)) 
     is amended by striking ``For each of fiscal years 2012 
     through 2015,'' and inserting ``For each fiscal year after 
     2012,''.
       (g) Recruitment of Former Members of the Armed Forces and 
     Members of Reserve Components of the Armed Forces.--
       (1) Requirement for program.--The Secretary, in conjunction 
     with the Secretary of Defense, shall establish a program to 
     actively recruit members of the reserve components of the 
     Armed Forces and former members of the Armed Forces, 
     including the reserve components, to serve in United States 
     Customs and Border Protection and United States Immigration 
     and Customs Enforcement.
       (2) Recruitment incentives.--
       (A) Student loan repayments for united states border patrol 
     agents with a three-year commitment.--Section 5379(b) of 
     title 5, United States Code, is amended by adding at the end 
     the following new paragraph:
       ``(4) In the case of an employee who is otherwise eligible 
     for benefits under this section and who is serving as a full-
     time active-duty United States border patrol agent within the 
     Department of Homeland Security--
       ``(A) paragraph (2)(A) shall be applied by substituting 
     `$20,000' for `$10,000'; and
       ``(B) paragraph (2)(B) shall be applied by substituting 
     `$80,000' for `$60,000'.''.
       (B) Recruitment and relocation bonuses and retention 
     allowances for personnel of the department of homeland 
     security.--The Secretary of Homeland Security shall ensure 
     that the authority to pay recruitment and relocation bonuses 
     under section 5753 of title 5, United States Code, the 
     authority to pay retention bonuses under section 5754 of such 
     title, and any other similar authorities available under any 
     other provision of law, rule, or regulation, are exercised to 
     the fullest extent allowable in order to encourage service in 
     the Department of Homeland Security.
       (3) Report on recruitment incentives.--
       (A) In general.--Not later than 90 days after the date of 
     the enactment of this Act, the Secretary and the Secretary of 
     Defense shall jointly submit to the appropriate committees of 
     Congress a report including an assessment of the desirability 
     and feasibility of offering incentives to members of the 
     reserve components of the Armed Forces and former members of 
     the Armed Forces, including the reserve components, for the 
     purpose of encouraging such members to serve in United States 
     Customs and Border Protection and Immigration and Customs 
     Enforcement.
       (B) Content.--The report required by subparagraph (A) shall 
     include--
       (i) a description of various monetary and non-monetary 
     incentives considered for purposes of the report; and
       (ii) an assessment of the desirability and feasibility of 
     utilizing any such incentive.
       (4) Appropriate committees of congress defined.--The term 
     ``appropriate committees of Congress'' means--
       (A) the Committee on Appropriations, the Committee on Armed 
     Services, and the Committee on Homeland Security and 
     Governmental Affairs of the Senate; and
       (B) the Committee on Appropriations, the Committee on Armed 
     Services, and the Committee on Homeland Security of the House 
     of Representatives.
       (h) Report.--Prior to the hiring and training of additional 
     U.S. Customs and Border Protection officers under subsection 
     (a), the Secretary shall submit to Congress a report on 
     current wait times at land, air, and sea ports of entry, 
     officer staffing at land, air, and sea ports of entry and 
     projections for new officer allocation at land, air, and sea 
     ports of entry designed to implement subsection (a), 
     including the need to hire non-law enforcement personnel for 
     administrative duties.

     SEC. 1103. NATIONAL GUARD SUPPORT TO SECURE THE SOUTHERN 
                   BORDER.

       (a) In General.--With the approval of the Secretary of 
     Defense, the Governor of a State may order any unit or 
     personnel of the National Guard of such State to perform 
     operations and missions under section 502(f) of title 32, 
     United States Code, in the Southwest Border region for the 
     purposes of assisting U.S. Customs and Border Protection in 
     securing the Southern border.
       (b) Assignment of Operations and Missions.--
       (1) In general.--National Guard units and personnel 
     deployed under subsection (a) may be assigned such operations 
     and missions specified in subsection (c) as may be necessary 
     to secure the Southern border.
       (2) Nature of duty.--The duty of National Guard personnel 
     performing operations and missions described in paragraph (1) 
     shall be full-time duty under title 32, United States Code.
       (c) Range of Operations and Missions.--The operations and 
     missions assigned under subsection (b) shall include the 
     temporary authority--
       (1) to construct fencing, including double-layer and 
     triple-layer fencing;
       (2) to increase ground-based mobile surveillance systems;
       (3) to deploy additional unmanned aerial systems and manned 
     aircraft sufficient to maintain continuous surveillance of 
     the Southern border;
       (4) to deploy and provide capability for radio 
     communications interoperability between U.S. Customs and 
     Border Protection and State, local, and tribal law 
     enforcement agencies;
       (5) to construct checkpoints along the Southern border to 
     bridge the gap to long-term permanent checkpoints; and
       (6) to provide assistance to U.S. Customs and Border 
     Protection, particularly in rural, high-trafficked areas, as 
     designated by the Commissioner of U.S. Customs and Border 
     Protection.
       (d) Materiel and Logistical Support.--The Secretary of 
     Defense shall deploy such materiel and equipment and 
     logistical support as may be necessary to ensure success of 
     the operations and missions conducted by the National Guard 
     under this section.
       (e) Exclusion From National Guard Personnel Strength 
     Limitations.--National Guard personnel deployed under 
     subsection (a) shall not be included in--
       (1) the calculation to determine compliance with limits on 
     end strength for National Guard personnel; or
       (2) limits on the number of National Guard personnel that 
     may be placed on active duty for operational support under 
     section 115 of title 10, United States Code.

     SEC. 1104. ENHANCEMENT OF EXISTING BORDER SECURITY 
                   OPERATIONS.

       (a) Border Crossing Prosecutions.--
       (1) In general.--From the amounts made available pursuant 
     to the appropriations in

[[Page S5366]]

     paragraph (3), funds shall be made available--
       (A) to increase the number of border crossing prosecutions 
     in the Tucson Sector of the Southwest border region to up to 
     210 prosecutions per day through increasing funding available 
     for--
       (i) attorneys and administrative support staff in the 
     Office of the United States Attorney for Tucson;
       (ii) support staff and interpreters in the Office of the 
     Clerk of the Court for Tucson;
       (iii) pre-trial services;
       (iv) activities of the Federal Public Defender Office for 
     Tucson; and
       (v) additional personnel, including Deputy United States 
     Marshals in the United States Marshals Office for Tucson to 
     perform intake, coordination, transportation, and court 
     security; and
       (B) reimburse Federal, State, local, and tribal law 
     enforcement agencies for any detention costs related to the 
     border crossing prosecutions carried out pursuant to 
     subparagraph (A).
       (2) Additional magistrate judges to assist with increased 
     caseload.--The chief judge of the United States District 
     Court for the District of Arizona is authorized to appoint 
     additional full-time magistrate judges, who, consistent with 
     the Constitution and laws of the United States, shall have 
     the authority to hear cases and controversies in the judicial 
     district in which the respective judges are appointed.
       (3) Funding.--There are authorized to be appropriated, from 
     the Comprehensive Immigration Reform Trust Fund established 
     under section 6(a)(1), such sums as may be necessary to carry 
     out this subsection.
       (b) Operation Stonegarden.--
       (1) In general.--The Federal Emergency Management Agency 
     shall enhance law enforcement preparedness and operational 
     readiness along the borders of the United States through 
     Operation Stonegarden. The amounts available under this 
     paragraph are in addition to any other amounts otherwise made 
     available for Operation Stonegarden. Grants under this 
     subsection shall be allocated based on sector-specific border 
     risk methodology, based on factors including threat, 
     vulnerability, miles of border, and other border-specific 
     information. Allocations for grants and reimbursements to law 
     enforcement agencies under this paragraph shall be made by 
     the Federal Emergency Management Agency through a competitive 
     process.
       (2) Funding.--There are authorized to be appropriated, from 
     the amounts made available under section 6(a)(3)(A)(i), such 
     sums as may be necessary to carry out this subsection.
       (c) Infrastructure Improvements.--
       (1) Border patrol stations.--The Secretary shall--
       (A) construct additional Border Patrol stations in the 
     Southwest border region that U.S. Border Patrol determines 
     are needed to provide full operational support in rural, 
     high-trafficked areas; and
       (B) analyze the feasibility of creating additional Border 
     Patrol sectors along the Southern border to interrupt drug 
     trafficking operations.
       (2) Forward operating bases.--The Secretary shall enhance 
     the security of the Southwest border region by--
       (A) establishing additional permanent forward operating 
     bases for the U.S. Border Patrol, as needed;
       (B) upgrading the existing forward operating bases to 
     include modular buildings, electricity, and potable water; 
     and
       (C) ensuring that forward operating bases surveil and 
     interdict individuals entering the United States unlawfully 
     immediately after such individuals cross the Southern border.
       (3) Safe and secure border infrastructure.--The Secretary 
     and the Secretary of Transportation, in consultation with the 
     governors of the States in the Southwest border region and 
     the Northern border region, shall establish a grant program, 
     which shall be administered by the Secretary of 
     Transportation and the General Services Administration, to 
     construct transportation and supporting infrastructure 
     improvements at existing and new international border 
     crossings necessary to facilitate safe, secure, and efficient 
     cross border movement of people, motor vehicles, and cargo.
       (4) Authorization of appropriations.--There is authorized 
     to be appropriated for each of fiscal years 2014 through 2018 
     such sums as may be necessary to carry out this subsection.
       (d) Additional Permanent District Court Judgeships in 
     Southwest Border States.--
       (1) In general.--The President shall appoint, by and with 
     the advice and consent of the Senate--
       (A) 2 additional district judges for the district of 
     Arizona;
       (B) 3 additional district judges for the eastern district 
     of California;
       (C) 2 additional district judges for the western district 
     of Texas; and
       (D) 1 additional district judge for the southern district 
     of Texas.
       (2) Conversions of temporary district court judgeships.--
     The existing judgeships for the district of Arizona and the 
     central district of California authorized by section 312(c) 
     of the 21st Century Department of Justice Appropriations 
     Authorization Act (28 U.S.C. 133 note; Public Law 107-273; 
     116 Stat. 1788), as of the effective date of this Act, shall 
     be authorized under section 133 of title 28, United States 
     Code, and the incumbents in those offices shall hold the 
     office under section 133 of title 28, United States Code, as 
     amended by this Act.
       (3) Technical and conforming amendments.--The table 
     contained in section 133(a) of title 28, United States Code, 
     is amended--
       (A) by striking the item relating to the district of 
     Arizona and inserting the following:


``Arizona..................................................        15'';
 

       (B) by striking the item relating to California and 
     inserting the following:


  ``California:
  Northern.................................................           14
  Eastern..................................................            9
  Central..................................................           28
  Southern.................................................    13''; and
 

       (C) by striking the item relating to Texas and inserting 
     the following:


  ``Texas:
  Northern.................................................           12
  Southern.................................................           20
  Eastern..................................................            7
  Western..................................................        15''.
 

       (4) Increase in filing fees.--
       (A) In general.--Section 1914(a) of title 28, United States 
     Code, is amended by striking ``$350'' and inserting ``$360''.
       (B) Expenditure limitation.--Incremental amounts collected 
     by reason of the enactment of this paragraph shall be 
     deposited as offsetting receipts in the ``Judiciary Filing 
     Fee'' special fund of the Treasury established under section 
     1931 of title 28, United States Code. Such amounts shall be 
     available solely for the purpose of facilitating the 
     processing of civil cases, but only to the extent 
     specifically appropriated by an Act of Congress enacted after 
     the date of the enactment of this Act.
       (5) Whistleblower protection.--
       (A) In general.--No officer, employee, agent, contractor, 
     or subcontractor of the judicial branch may discharge, 
     demote, threaten, suspend, harass, or in any other manner 
     discriminate against an employee in the terms and conditions 
     of employment because of any lawful act done by the employee 
     to provide information, cause information to be provided, or 
     otherwise assist in an investigation regarding any possible 
     violation of Federal law or regulation, or misconduct, by a 
     judge, justice, or any other employee in the judicial branch, 
     which may assist in the investigation of the possible 
     violation or misconduct.
       (B) Civil action.--An employee injured by a violation of 
     subparagraph (A) may, in a civil action, obtain appropriate 
     relief.

     SEC. 1105. BORDER SECURITY ON CERTAIN FEDERAL LAND.

       (a) Definitions.--In this section:
       (1) Federal lands.--The term ``Federal lands'' includes all 
     land under the control of the Secretary concerned that is 
     located within the Southwest border region in the State of 
     Arizona along the international border between the United 
     States and Mexico.
       (2) Secretary concerned.--The term ``Secretary concerned'' 
     means--
       (A) with respect to land under the jurisdiction of the 
     Secretary of Agriculture, the Secretary of Agriculture; and
       (B) with respect to land under the jurisdiction of the 
     Secretary of the Interior, the Secretary of the Interior.
       (b) Support for Border Security Needs.--To achieve 
     effective control of Federal lands--
       (1) the Secretary concerned, notwithstanding any other 
     provision of law, shall authorize and provide U.S. Customs 
     and Border Protection personnel with immediate access to 
     Federal lands for security activities, including--
       (A) routine motorized patrols; and
       (B) the deployment of communications, surveillance, and 
     detection equipment;
       (2) the security activities described in paragraph (1) 
     shall be conducted, to the maximum extent practicable, in a 
     manner that the Secretary determines will best protect the 
     natural and cultural resources on Federal lands; and
       (3) the Secretary concerned may provide education and 
     training to U.S. Customs and Border Protection personnel on 
     the natural and cultural resources present on individual 
     Federal land units.
       (c) Programmatic Environmental Impact Statement.--
       (1) In general.--After implementing subsection (b), the 
     Secretary, in consultation with the Secretaries concerned, 
     shall prepare and publish in the Federal Register a notice of 
     intent to prepare a programmatic environmental impact 
     statement in accordance with the National Environmental 
     Policy Act of 1969 (42 U.S.C. 4321 et seq.) to analyze the 
     impacts of the activities described in subsection (b).
       (2) Effect on processing application and special use 
     permits.--The pending completion of a programmatic 
     environmental impact statement under this section shall not 
     result in any delay in the processing or approving of 
     applications or special use permits by the Secretaries 
     concerned for the activities described in subsection (b).
       (3) Amendment of land use plans.--The Secretaries concerned 
     shall amend any land use plans, as appropriate, upon 
     completion of the programmatic environmental impact statement 
     described in subsection (b).
       (4) Scope of programmatic environmental impact statement.--
     The programmatic environmental impact statement described in 
     paragraph (1)--

[[Page S5367]]

       (A) may be used to advise the Secretary on the impact on 
     natural and cultural resources on Federal lands; and
       (B) shall not control, delay, or restrict actions by the 
     Secretary to achieve effective control on Federal lands.
       (d) Intermingled State and Private Land.--This section 
     shall not apply to any private or State-owned land within the 
     boundaries of Federal lands.

     SEC. 1106. EQUIPMENT AND TECHNOLOGY.

       (a) Enhancements.--The Commissioner of U.S. Customs and 
     Border Protection, working through U.S. Border Patrol, 
     shall--
       (1) deploy additional mobile, video, and agent-portable 
     surveillance systems, and unarmed, unmanned aerial vehicles 
     in the Southwest border region as necessary to provide 24-
     hour operation and surveillance;
       (2) operate unarmed unmanned aerial vehicles along the 
     Southern border for 24 hours per day and for 7 days per week;
       (3) deploy unarmed additional fixed-wing aircraft and 
     helicopters along the Southern border;
       (4) acquire new rotorcraft and make upgrades to the 
     existing helicopter fleet;
       (5) increase horse patrols in the Southwest border region; 
     and
       (6) acquire and deploy watercraft and other equipment to 
     provide support for border-related maritime anti-crime 
     activities.
       (b) Limitation.--
       (1) In general.--Notwithstanding paragraphs (1) and (2) of 
     subsection (a), and except as provided in paragraph (2), U.S. 
     Border Patrol may not operate unarmed, unmanned aerial 
     vehicles in the San Diego and El Centro Sectors, except 
     within 3 miles of the Southern border.
       (2) Exception.--The limitation under this subsection shall 
     not restrict the maritime operations of U.S. Customs and 
     Border Protection.
       (c) Authorization of Appropriations.--In addition to 
     amounts otherwise authorized to be appropriated, there is 
     authorized to be appropriated to U.S. Customs and Border 
     Protection such sums as may be necessary to carry out 
     subsection (a) during fiscal years 2014 through 2018.

     SEC. 1107. ACCESS TO EMERGENCY PERSONNEL.

       (a) Southwest Border Region Emergency Communications 
     Grants.--
       (1) In general.--The Secretary, in consultation with the 
     governors of the States in the Southwest border region, shall 
     establish a 2-year grant program, to be administered by the 
     Secretary, to improve emergency communications in the 
     Southwest border region.
       (2) Eligibility for grants.--An individual is eligible to 
     receive a grant under this subsection if the individual 
     demonstrates that he or she--
       (A) regularly resides or works in the Southwest border 
     region;
       (B) is at greater risk of border violence due to the lack 
     of cellular service at his or her residence or business and 
     his or her proximity to the Southern border.
       (3) Use of grants.--Grants awarded under this subsection 
     may be used to purchase satellite telephone communications 
     systems and service that--
       (A) can provide access to 9-1-1 service; and
       (B) are equipped with global positioning systems.
       (4) Authorization of appropriations.--There is authorized 
     to be appropriated such sums as may be necessary to carry out 
     the grant program established under this subsection.
       (b) Interoperable Communications for Law Enforcement.--
       (1) Federal law enforcement.--There are authorized to be 
     appropriated, to the Department, the Department of Justice, 
     and the Department of the Interior, during the 5-year period 
     beginning on the date of the enactment of this Act, such sums 
     as may be necessary--
       (A) to purchase, through a competitive procurement process, 
     P25-compliant radios, which may include a multi-band option, 
     for Federal law enforcement agents working in the Southwest 
     border region in support of the activities of U.S. Customs 
     and Border Protection and U.S. Immigration and Customs 
     Enforcement, including law enforcement agents of the Drug 
     Enforcement Administration, the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, 
     Firearms and Explosives, the Department of the Interior, and 
     the Forest Service; and
       (B) to upgrade, through a competitive procurement process, 
     the communications network of the Department of Justice to 
     ensure coverage and capacity, particularly when immediate 
     access is needed in times of crisis, in the Southwest Border 
     region for appropriate law enforcement personnel of the 
     Department of Justice (including the Drug Enforcement 
     Administration and the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms 
     and Explosives), the Department (including U.S. Immigration 
     and Customs Enforcement and U.S. Customs and Border 
     Protection), the United States Marshals Service, other 
     Federal agencies, the State of Arizona, tribes, and local 
     governments.
       (2) State and local law enforcement.--
       (A) Authorization of appropriations.--There is authorized 
     to be appropriated to the Department of Justice, during the 
     5-year period beginning on the date of the enactment of this 
     Act, such sums as may be necessary to purchase, through a 
     competitive procurement process, P25-compliant radios, which 
     may include a multi-band option, for State and local law 
     enforcement agents working in the Southwest border region.
       (B) Access to federal spectrum.--If a State, tribal, or 
     local law enforcement agency in the Southwest border region 
     experiences an emergency situation that necessitates 
     immediate communication with the Department of Justice, the 
     Department, the Department of the Interior, or any of their 
     respective subagencies, such law enforcement agency shall 
     have access to the spectrum assigned to such Federal agency 
     for the duration of such emergency situation.
       (c) Distress Beacons.--
       (1) In general.--The Commissioner of U.S. Customs and 
     Border Protection, working through U.S. Border Patrol, 
     shall--
       (A) identify areas near the Northern border and the 
     Southern border where migrant deaths are occurring due to 
     climatic and environmental conditions; and
       (B) deploy up to 1,000 beacon stations in the areas 
     identified pursuant to subparagraph (A).
       (2) Features.--Beacon stations deployed pursuant to 
     paragraph (1) should--
       (A) include a self-powering mechanism, such as a solar-
     powered radio button, to signal U.S. Border Patrol personnel 
     or other emergency response personnel that a person at that 
     location is in distress;
       (B) include a self-powering cellular phone relay limited to 
     911 calls to allow persons in distress in the area who are 
     unable to get to the beacon station to signal their location 
     and access emergency personnel; and
       (C) be movable to allow U.S. Border Patrol to relocate them 
     as needed--
       (i) to mitigate migrant deaths;
       (ii) to facilitate access to emergency personnel; and
       (iii) to address any use of the beacons for diversion by 
     criminals.

     SEC. 1108. SOUTHWEST BORDER REGION PROSECUTION INITIATIVE.

       (a) Reimbursement to State and Local Prosecutors for 
     Federally Initiated Criminal Cases.--The Attorney General 
     shall reimburse State, county, tribal, and municipal 
     governments for costs associated with the prosecution, 
     pretrial services and detention, clerical support, and public 
     defenders' services associated with the prosecution of 
     federally initiated immigration-related criminal cases 
     declined by local offices of the United States Attorneys.
       (b) Exception.--Reimbursement under subsection (a) shall 
     not be available, at the discretion of the Attorney General, 
     if the Attorney General determines that there is reason to 
     believe that the jurisdiction seeking reimbursement has 
     engaged in unlawful conduct in connection with immigration-
     related apprehensions.
       (c) Authorization of Appropriations.--There is authorized 
     to be appropriated such sums as may be necessary to carry out 
     subsection (a) during fiscal years 2014 through 2018.

     SEC. 1109. INTERAGENCY COLLABORATION.

       The Assistant Secretary of Defense for Research and 
     Engineering shall collaborate with the Under Secretary of 
     Homeland Security for Science and Technology to identify 
     equipment and technology used by the Department of Defense 
     that could be used by U.S. Customs and Border Protection to 
     improve the security of the Southern border by--
       (1) detecting border tunnels;
       (2) detecting the use of ultralight aircraft;
       (3) enhancing wide aerial surveillance; and
       (4) otherwise improving the enforcement of such border.

     SEC. 1110. STATE CRIMINAL ALIEN ASSISTANCE PROGRAM.

       (a) SCAAP Reauthorization.--Section 241(i)(5)(C) (8 U.S.C. 
     1231(i)(5)) is amended by striking ``2011.'' and inserting 
     ``2015.''.
       (b) SCAAP Assistance for States.--
       (1) Assistance for states incarcerating undocumented aliens 
     charged with certain crimes.--Section 241(i)(3)(A) (8 U.S.C. 
     1231(i)(3)(A)) is amended by inserting ``charged with or'' 
     before ``convicted''.
       (2) Assistance for states incarcerating unverified 
     aliens.--Section 241(i) (8 U.S.C. 1231(i)), as amended by 
     subsection (a), is further amended--
       (A) by redesignating paragraphs (4), (5), and (6), as 
     paragraphs (5), (6), and (7), respectively;
       (B) in paragraph (7), as so redesignated, by striking 
     ``(5)'' and inserting ``(6)''; and
       (C) by adding after paragraph (3) the following:
       ``(4) In the case of an alien whose immigration status is 
     unable to be verified by the Secretary of Homeland Security, 
     and who would otherwise be an undocumented criminal alien if 
     the alien is unlawfully present in the United States, the 
     Attorney General shall compensate the State or political 
     subdivision of the State for incarceration of the alien, 
     consistent with subsection (i)(2).''.

     SEC. 1111. USE OF FORCE.

       Not later than 180 days after the date of the enactment of 
     this Act, the Secretary, in consultation with the Assistant 
     Attorney General for the Civil Rights Division of the 
     Department of Justice, shall issue policies governing the use 
     of force by all Department personnel that--
       (1) require all Department personnel to report each use of 
     force; and
       (2) establish procedures for--
       (A) accepting and investigating complaints regarding the 
     use of force by Department personnel;
       (B) disciplining Department personnel who violate any law 
     or Department policy relating to the use of force; and

[[Page S5368]]

       (C) reviewing all uses of force by Department personnel to 
     determine whether the use of force--
       (i) complied with Department policy; or
       (ii) demonstrates the need for changes in policy, training, 
     or equipment.

     SEC. 1112. TRAINING FOR BORDER SECURITY AND IMMIGRATION 
                   ENFORCEMENT OFFICERS.

       (a) In General.--The Secretary shall ensure that U.S. 
     Customs and Border Protection officers, U.S. Border Patrol 
     agents, U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement officers and 
     agents, United States Air and Marine Division agents, and 
     agriculture specialists stationed within 100 miles of any 
     land or marine border of the United States or at any United 
     States port of entry receive appropriate training, which 
     shall be prepared in collaboration with the Assistant 
     Attorney General for the Civil Rights Division of the 
     Department of Justice, in--
       (1) identifying and detecting fraudulent travel documents;
       (2) civil, constitutional, human, and privacy rights of 
     individuals;
       (3) the scope of enforcement authorities, including 
     interrogations, stops, searches, seizures, arrests, and 
     detentions;
       (4) the use of force policies issued by the Secretary 
     pursuant to section 1111;
       (5) immigration laws, including screening, identifying, and 
     addressing vulnerable populations, such as children, victims 
     of crime and human trafficking, and individuals fleeing 
     persecution or torture;
       (6) social and cultural sensitivity toward border 
     communities;
       (7) the impact of border operations on communities; and
       (8) any particular environmental concerns in a particular 
     area.
       (b) Training for Border Community Liaison Officers.--The 
     Secretary shall ensure that border communities liaison 
     officers in Border Patrol sectors along the international 
     borders between the United States and Mexico and between the 
     United States and Canada receive training to better--
       (1) act as a liaison between border communities and the 
     Office for Civil Rights and Civil Liberties of the Department 
     and the Civil Rights Division of the Department of Justice;
       (2) foster and institutionalize consultation with border 
     communities;
       (3) consult with border communities on Department programs, 
     policies, strategies, and directives; and
       (4) receive Department performance assessments from border 
     communities.
       (c) Humane Conditions of Confinement for Children in U.S. 
     Customs and Border Protection Custody.--Not later than 90 
     days after the date of the enactment of this Act, the 
     Secretary shall establish standards to ensure that children 
     in the custody of U.S. Customs and Border Protection--
       (1) are afforded adequate medical and mental health care, 
     including emergency medical and mental health care, when 
     necessary;
       (2) receive adequate nutrition;
       (3) are provided with climate-appropriate clothing, 
     footwear, and bedding;
       (4) have basic personal hygiene and sanitary products; and
       (5) are permitted to make supervised phone calls to family 
     members.

     SEC. 1113. DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY BORDER OVERSIGHT 
                   TASK FORCE.

       (a) Establishment.--
       (1) In general.--There is established an independent task 
     force, which shall be known as the Department of Homeland 
     Security Border Oversight Task Force (referred to in this 
     section as the ``DHS Task Force'').
       (2) Duties.--The DHS Task Force shall--
       (A) review and make recommendations regarding immigration 
     and border enforcement policies, strategies, and programs 
     that take into consideration their impact on border and 
     tribal communities;
       (B) recommend ways in which the Border Communities Liaison 
     Offices can strengthen relations and collaboration between 
     communities in the border regions and the Department, the 
     Department of Justice, and other Federal agencies that carry 
     out such policies, strategies, and programs;
       (C) evaluate how the policies, strategies, and programs of 
     Federal agencies operating along the international borders 
     between the United States and Mexico and between the United 
     States and Canada protect the due process, civil, and human 
     rights of border residents, visitors, and migrants at and 
     near such borders; and
       (D) evaluate and make recommendations regarding the 
     training of border enforcement personnel described in section 
     1112.
       (3) Membership.--
       (A) In general.--The DHS Task Force shall be composed of 33 
     members, appointed by the President, who have expertise in 
     migration, local crime indices, civil and human rights, 
     community relations, cross-border trade and commerce, quality 
     of life indicators, or other pertinent experience, of whom--
       (i) 14 members shall be from the Northern border region and 
     shall include--

       (I) 2 local government elected officials;
       (II) 2 local law enforcement officials;
       (III) 2 tribal government officials;
       (IV) 2 civil rights advocates;
       (V) 1 business representative;
       (VI) 1 higher education representative;
       (VII) 1 private land owner representative;
       (VIII) 1 representative of a faith community; and
       (IX) 2 representatives of U.S. Border Patrol; and

       (ii) 19 members shall be from the Southern border region 
     and include--

       (I) 3 local government elected officials;
       (II) 3 local law enforcement officials; (aa)
       (III) 2 tribal government officials;
       (IV) 3 civil rights advocates;
       (V) 2 business representatives;
       (VI) 1 higher education representative;
       (VII) 2 private land owner representatives;
       (VIII) 1 representative of a faith community; and
       (IX) 2 representatives of U.S. Border Patrol.

       (B) Term of service.--Members of the Task Force shall be 
     appointed for the shorter of--
       (i) 3 years; or
       (ii) the life of the DHS Task Force.
       (C) Chair, vice chair.--The members of the DHS Task Force 
     shall elect a Chair and a Vice Chair from among its members, 
     who shall serve in such capacities for the life of the DHS 
     Task Force or until removed by the majority vote of at least 
     16 members.
       (b) Operations.--
       (1) Hearings.--The DHS Task Force may, for the purpose of 
     carrying out its duties, hold hearings, sit and act, take 
     testimony, receive evidence, and administer oaths.
       (2) Recommendations.--The DHS Task Force may make findings 
     or recommendations to the Secretary related to the duties 
     described in subsection (a)(2).
       (3) Response.--Not later than 180 days after receiving the 
     findings and recommendations from the DHS Task Force under 
     paragraph (2), the Secretary shall issue a response that 
     describes how the Department has addressed, or will address, 
     such findings and recommendations. If the Secretary disagrees 
     with any finding of the DHS Task Force, the Secretary shall 
     provide an explanation for the disagreement.
       (4) Information from federal agencies.--The Chair, or 16 
     members of the DHS Task Force, may request statistics 
     relating to the duties described in subsection (a)(2) 
     directly from any Federal agency, which shall, to the extent 
     authorized by law, furnish such information, suggestions, 
     estimates, and statistics directly to the DHS Task Force.
       (5) Compensation.--Members of the DHS Task Force shall 
     serve without pay, but shall be reimbursed for reasonable 
     travel and subsistence expenses incurred in the performance 
     of their duties.
       (c) Report.--Not later than 2 years after its first 
     meeting, the DHS Task Force shall submit a final report to 
     the President, Congress, and the Secretary that contains--
       (1) findings with respect to the duties of the DHS Task 
     Force; and
       (2) recommendations regarding border and immigration 
     enforcement policies, strategies, and programs, including--
       (A) a recommendation as to whether the DHS Task Force 
     should continue to operate; and
       (B) a description of any duties for which the DHS Task 
     Force should be responsible after the termination date 
     described in subsection (e).
       (d) Authorization of Appropriations.--There are authorized 
     to be appropriated such sums as may be necessary to carry out 
     this section for each of the fiscal years 2014 through 2017.
       (e) Sunset.--The DHS Task Force shall terminate operations 
     60 days after the date on which the DHS Task Force submits 
     the report described in subsection (c).

     SEC. 1114. OMBUDSMAN FOR IMMIGRATION RELATED CONCERNS OF THE 
                   DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY.

       (a) Establishment.--Title I of the Homeland Security Act of 
     2002 (6 U.S.C. 111 et seq.) is amended by adding at the end 
     the following new section:

     ``SEC. 104. OMBUDSMAN FOR IMMIGRATION RELATED CONCERNS.

       ``(a) In General.--There shall be within the Department an 
     Ombudsman for Immigration Related Concerns (in this section 
     referred to as the `Ombudsman'). The individual appointed as 
     Ombudsman shall have a background in immigration law as well 
     as civil and human rights law. The Ombudsman shall report 
     directly to the Deputy Secretary.
       ``(b) Functions.--The functions of the Ombudsman shall be 
     as follows:
       ``(1) To receive and resolve complaints from individuals 
     and employers and assist in resolving problems with the 
     immigration components of the Department.
       ``(2) To conduct inspections of the facilities or contract 
     facilities of the immigration components of the Department.
       ``(3) To assist individuals and families who have been the 
     victims of crimes committed by aliens or violence near the 
     United States border.
       ``(4) To identify areas in which individuals and employers 
     have problems in dealing with the immigration components of 
     the Department.
       ``(5) To the extent practicable, to propose changes in the 
     administrative practices of the immigration components of the 
     Department to mitigate problems identified under paragraph 
     (4).
       ``(6) To review, examine, and make recommendations 
     regarding the immigration and enforcement policies, 
     strategies, and programs of U.S. Customs and Border 
     Protection, U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement, and 
     U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services.
       ``(c) Other Responsibilities.--In addition to the functions 
     specified in subsection (b), the Ombudsman shall--

[[Page S5369]]

       ``(1) monitor the coverage and geographic allocation of 
     local offices of the Ombudsman, including appointing a local 
     ombudsman for immigration related concerns; and
       ``(2) evaluate and take personnel actions (including 
     dismissal) with respect to any employee of the Ombudsman.
       ``(d) Request for Investigations.--The Ombudsman shall have 
     the authority to request the Inspector General of the 
     Department of Homeland Security to conduct inspections, 
     investigations, and audits.
       ``(e) Coordination With Department Components.--The 
     Director of U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services, the 
     Assistant Secretary of Immigration and Customs Enforcement, 
     and the Commissioner of Customs and Border Protection shall 
     each establish procedures to provide formal responses to 
     recommendations submitted to such official by the Ombudsman.
       ``(f) Annual Reports.--Not later than June 30 of each year, 
     the Ombudsman shall submit a report to the Committee on the 
     Judiciary of the Senate and the Committee on the Judiciary of 
     the House of Representatives on the objectives of the 
     Ombudsman for the fiscal year beginning in such calendar 
     year. Each report shall contain full and substantive 
     analysis, in addition to statistical information, and shall 
     set forth any recommendations the Ombudsman has made on 
     improving the services and responsiveness of U.S. Citizenship 
     and Immigration Services, U.S. Immigration and Customs 
     Enforcement, and U.S. Customs and Border Protection and any 
     responses received from the Department regarding such 
     recommendations.''.
       (b) Repeal of Superseded Authority.--Section 452 of the 
     Homeland Security Act of 2002 (6 U.S.C. 272) is repealed.
       (c) Clerical Amendments.--The table of contents for the 
     Homeland Security Act of 2002 is amended--
       (1) by inserting after the item relating to section 103 the 
     following new item:

``Sec. 104. Ombudsman for Immigration Related Concerns.''; and
       (2) by striking the item relating to section 452.

     SEC. 1115. PROTECTION OF FAMILY VALUES IN APPREHENSION 
                   PROGRAMS.

       (a) Definitions.--In this section:
       (1) Apprehended individual.--The term ``apprehended 
     individual'' means an individual apprehended by personnel of 
     the Department of Homeland Security or of a cooperating 
     entity pursuant to a migration deterrence program carried out 
     at a border.
       (2) Border.--The term ``border'' means an international 
     border of the United States.
       (3) Child.--Except as otherwise specifically provided, the 
     term ``child'' has the meaning given to the term in section 
     101(b)(1) of the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 
     1101(b)(1)).
       (4) Cooperating entity.--The term ``cooperating entity'' 
     means a State or local entity acting pursuant to an agreement 
     with the Secretary.
       (5) Migration deterrence program.--The term ``migration 
     deterrence program'' means an action related to the 
     repatriation or referral for prosecution of 1 or more 
     apprehended individuals for a suspected or confirmed 
     violation of the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 
     1001 et seq.) by the Secretary or a cooperating entity.
       (b) Procedures for Migration Deterrence Programs at the 
     Border.--
       (1) Procedures.--In any migration deterrence program 
     carried out at a border, the Secretary and cooperating 
     entities shall for each apprehended individual--
       (A) as soon as practicable after such individual is 
     apprehended--
       (i) inquire as to whether the apprehended individual is--

       (I) a parent, legal guardian, or primary caregiver of a 
     child; or
       (II) traveling with a spouse or child; and

       (ii) ascertain whether repatriation of the apprehended 
     individual presents any humanitarian concern or concern 
     related to such individual's physical safety; and
       (B) ensure that, with respect to a decision related to the 
     repatriation or referral for prosecution of the apprehended 
     individual, due consideration is given--
       (i) to the best interests of such individual's child, if 
     any;
       (ii) to family unity whenever possible; and
       (iii) to other public interest factors, including 
     humanitarian concerns and concerns related to the apprehended 
     individual's physical safety.
       (c) Mandatory Training.--The Secretary, in consultation 
     with the Secretary of Health and Human Services, the Attorney 
     General, the Secretary of State, and independent immigration, 
     child welfare, family law, and human rights law experts, 
     shall--
       (1) develop and provide specialized training for all 
     personnel of U.S. Customs and Border Protection and 
     cooperating entities who come into contact with apprehended 
     individuals in all legal authorities, policies, and 
     procedures relevant to the preservation of a child's best 
     interest, family unity, and other public interest factors, 
     including those described in this Act; and
       (2) require border enforcement personnel to undertake 
     periodic and continuing training on best practices and 
     changes in relevant legal authorities, policies, and 
     procedures pertaining to the preservation of a child's best 
     interest, family unity, and other public interest factors, 
     including those described in this Act.
       (d) Annual Report on the Impact of Migration Deterrence 
     Programs at the Border.--
       (1) Requirement for annual report.--Not later than 1 year 
     after the date of the enactment of this Act, and annually 
     thereafter, the Secretary shall submit to Congress a report 
     that describes the impact of migration deterrence programs on 
     parents, legal guardians, primary caregivers of a child, 
     individuals traveling with a spouse or child, and individuals 
     who present humanitarian considerations or concerns related 
     to the individual's physical safety.
       (2) Contents.--Each report submitted under paragraph (1) 
     shall include for the previous 1-year period an assessment 
     of--
       (A) the number of apprehended individuals removed, 
     repatriated, or referred for prosecution who are the parent, 
     legal guardian, or primary caregiver of a child who is a 
     citizen of the United States;
       (B) the number of occasions in which both parents, or the 
     primary caretaker of such a child was removed, repatriated, 
     or referred for prosecution as part of a migration deterrence 
     program;
       (C) the number of apprehended individuals traveling with 
     close family members who are removed, repatriated, or 
     referred for prosecution.
       (D) the impact of migration deterrence programs on public 
     interest factors, including humanitarian concerns and 
     physical safety.
       (e) Regulations.--Not later than 120 days after the date of 
     the enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall promulgate 
     regulations to implement this section.

     SEC. 1116. OVERSIGHT OF POWER TO ENTER PRIVATE LAND AND STOP 
                   VEHICLES WITHOUT A WARRANT AT THE NORTHERN 
                   BORDER.

       (a) In General.--Section 287(a) (8 U.S.C. 1357(a)) is 
     amended--
       (1) in paragraph (5), by redesignating subparagraphs (A) 
     and (B) as clauses (i) and (ii), respectively;
       (2) by redesignating paragraphs (1) through (3) as 
     subparagraphs (A) through (C), respectively;
       (3) by redesignating paragraphs (4) and (5) as 
     subparagraphs (F) and (G), respectively;
       (4) in the matter preceding subparagraph (A), as so 
     redesignated--
       (A) by inserting ``(1)'' before ``Any officer'';
       (B) by striking ``Service'' and inserting ``Department of 
     Homeland Security''; and
       (C) by striking ``Attorney General'' and inserting 
     ``Secretary of Homeland Security'';
       (5) in paragraph (1)(C), as so redesignated, by inserting 
     the following at the beginning: ``except as provided in 
     subparagraphs (D) and (E),'';
       (6) by inserting after paragraph (1)(C) the following:
       ``(D) with respect to the Northern border, as defined in 
     section 1101 of the Border Security, Economic Opportunity, 
     and Immigration Enforcement Act, within a distance of 25 air 
     miles from the Northern border, or such distance from the 
     Northern border as may be prescribed by the Secretary 
     pursuant to paragraph (2) of this subsection, to board and 
     search for aliens any vessel within the territorial waters of 
     the United States and any railway car, aircraft, conveyance, 
     or vehicle for the purpose of patrolling the border to 
     prevent the illegal entry of aliens into the United States;
       ``(E) with respect to the Northern border, as defined in 
     section 1101 of the Border Security, Economic Opportunity, 
     and Immigration Enforcement Act, within a distance of 10 air 
     miles from the Northern border, or such distance from the 
     Northern border as may be prescribed by the Secretary 
     pursuant to paragraph (2) of this subsection, to have access 
     to private lands, but not dwellings, for the purpose of 
     patrolling the border to prevent the illegal entry of aliens 
     into the United States;'';
       (7) by inserting after the flush text at the end of 
     subparagraph (F), as so redesignated, the following:
       ``(2)(A)(i) The Secretary of Homeland Security may 
     establish for a Northern border sector or district a distance 
     less than or greater than 25 air miles, but in no case 
     greater than 100 air miles, as the maximum distance from the 
     Northern border in which the authority described in paragraph 
     (1)(C) may be exercised, if the Secretary certifies that such 
     a distance is necessary for the purpose of patrolling the 
     Northern border to prevent the illegal entry of aliens into 
     the United States, and justified by the considerations listed 
     in subparagraph (B).
       ``(ii) The Secretary of Homeland Security may establish for 
     a Northern border sector or district a distance less than or 
     greater than 10 air miles, but in no case greater than 25 air 
     miles, as the maximum distance from the Northern border of 
     the United States in which the authority described in 
     paragraph (1)(D) may be exercised, if the Secretary certifies 
     that such a distance is necessary for the purpose of 
     patrolling the Northern border to prevent the illegal entry 
     of aliens into the United States, and justified by the 
     considerations listed in subparagraph (B).
       ``(B) In making the certifications described in 
     subparagraph (A), the Secretary shall consider, as 
     appropriate, land topography, confluence of arteries of 
     transportation leading from external boundaries, density of 
     population, possible inconvenience to the traveling public, 
     types of conveyances used, reliable information as to 
     movements of persons effecting illegal entry into the United 
     States, effects on private property and quality of life for 
     relevant communities and residents, consultations with 
     affected State, local, and tribal governments, including the 
     governor of any relevant State, and other factors that the 
     Secretary considers appropriate.

[[Page S5370]]

       ``(C) A certification made under subparagraph (A) shall be 
     valid for a period of 5 years and may be renewed for 
     additional 5-year periods. If the Secretary finds at any time 
     that circumstances no longer justify a certification, the 
     Secretary shall terminate the certification.
       ``(D) The Secretary shall report annually to the Committee 
     on the Judiciary and Committee on Homeland Security and 
     Governmental Affairs of the Senate and the Committee on the 
     Judiciary and Committee on Homeland Security of the House of 
     Representatives the number of certifications made under 
     subparagraph (A), and for each such certification, the 
     Northern border sector or district and reasonable distance 
     prescribed, the period of time the certification has been in 
     effect, and the factors justifying the certification.''.
       (b) Technical and Conforming Amendments.--
       (1) Authorities without a warrant.--In section 287(a) (8 
     U.S.C. 1357(a)), the undesignated matter following paragraph 
     (2), as added by subsection (a)(5), is amended--
       (A) by inserting ``(3)'' before ``Under regulations'';
       (B) by striking ``paragraph (5)(B)'' both places that term 
     appears and inserting ``subparagraph (F)(ii)'';
       (C) by striking ``(i)'' and inserting ``(A)'';
       (D) by striking ``(ii) establish'' and inserting ``(B) 
     establish'';
       (E) by striking ``(iii) require'' and inserting ``(C) 
     require''; and
       (F) by striking ``clause (ii), and (iv)'' and inserting 
     ``subparagraph (B), and (D)''.
       (2) Conforming amendment.--Section 287(e) (8 U.S.C. 
     1357(e)) is amended by striking ``paragraph (3) of subsection 
     (a),'' and inserting ``subsection (a)(1)(D),''.

     SEC. 1117. REPORTS.

       (a) Report on Certain Border Matters.--The Secretary shall 
     submit a report to the Committee on Homeland Security and 
     Governmental Affairs of the Senate, the Committee on Homeland 
     Security of the House of Representatives, the Committee on 
     the Judiciary of the Senate, and the Committee on the 
     Judiciary of the House of Representatives that sets forth--
       (1) the effectiveness rate (as defined in section 2(a)(4)) 
     for each Border Patrol sector along the Northern border and 
     the Southern border;
       (2) the number of miles along the Southern border that are 
     under persistent surveillance;
       (3) the monthly wait times per passenger, including data on 
     averages and peaks, for crossing the Northern border and the 
     Southern border, and the staffing of such border crossings;
       (4) the allocations at each port of entry along the 
     Northern border and the Southern border; and
       (5) the number of migrant deaths occurring near the 
     Northern border and the Southern border and the efforts that 
     have been undertaken to mitigate such deaths.
       (b) Report on Interagency Collaboration.--The Under 
     Secretary of Defense for Acquisition, Technology, and 
     Logistics and the Under Secretary of Homeland Security for 
     Science and Technology shall jointly submit a report on the 
     results of the interagency collaboration under section 1109 
     to--
       (1) the Committee on Armed Services of the Senate;
       (2) the Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental 
     Affairs of the Senate;
       (3) the Committee on the Judiciary of the Senate;
       (4) the Committee on Armed Services of the House of 
     Representatives;
       (5) the Committee on Homeland Security of the House of 
     Representatives; and
       (6) the Committee on the Judiciary of the House of 
     Representatives.

     SEC. 1118. SEVERABILITY AND DELEGATION.

       (a) Severability.--If any provision of this Act or any 
     amendment made by this Act, or any application of such 
     provision or amendment to any person or circumstance, is held 
     to be unconstitutional, the remainder of the provisions of 
     this Act and the amendments made by this Act and the 
     application of the provision or amendment to any other person 
     or circumstance shall not be affected.
       (b) Delegation.--The Secretary may delegate any authority 
     provided to the Secretary under this Act or an amendment made 
     by this Act to the Secretary of Agriculture, the Attorney 
     General, the Secretary of Defense, the Secretary of Health 
     and Human Services, the Secretary of State, or the 
     Commissioner of Social Security.

     SEC. 1119. PROHIBITION ON NEW LAND BORDER CROSSING FEES.

       (a) In General.--Beginning on the date of the enactment of 
     this Act, the Secretary shall not--
       (1) establish, collect, or otherwise impose any new border 
     crossing fee on individuals crossing the Southern border or 
     the Northern border at a land port of entry; or
       (2) conduct any study relating to the imposition of a 
     border crossing fee.
       (b) Border Crossing Fee Defined.--In this section, the term 
     ``border crossing fee'' means a fee that every pedestrian, 
     cyclist, and driver and passenger of a private motor vehicle 
     is required to pay for the privilege of crossing the Southern 
     border or the Northern border at a land port of entry.

     SEC. 1120. HUMAN TRAFFICKING REPORTING.

       (a) Short Title.--This section may be cited as the ``Human 
     Trafficking Reporting Act of 2013''.
       (b) Findings.--Congress finds the following:
       (1) Human trafficking is a form of modern-day slavery.
       (2) According to the Trafficking Victims Protection Act of 
     2000 ``severe forms of trafficking in persons'' means--
       (A) sex trafficking in which a commercial sex act is 
     induced by force, fraud, or coercion, or in which the person 
     induced to perform such act has not attained 18 years of age; 
     or
       (B) the recruitment, harboring, transportation, provision, 
     or obtaining of a person for labor or services, through the 
     use of force, fraud, or coercion for the purpose of 
     subjection to involuntary servitude, peonage, debt bondage, 
     or slavery.
       (3) There is an acute need for better data collection of 
     incidents of human trafficking across the United States in 
     order to effectively combat severe forms of trafficking in 
     persons.
       (4) The State Department's 2012 Trafficking in Persons 
     report found that--
       (A) the United States is a ``source, transit and 
     destination country for men, women, and children, subjected 
     to forced labor, debt bondage, domestic servitude and sex 
     trafficking,''; and
       (B) the United States needs to ``improve data collection on 
     human trafficking cases at the federal, state and local 
     levels''.
       (5) The International Organization for Migration has 
     reported that in order to effectively combat human 
     trafficking there must be reliable and standardized data, 
     however, the following barriers for data collection exist:
       (A) The illicit and underground nature of human 
     trafficking.
       (B) The reluctance of victims to share information with 
     authorities.
       (C) Insufficient human trafficking data collection and 
     research efforts by governments worldwide.
       (6) A 2009 report to the Department of Health and Human 
     Services entitled Human Trafficking Into and Within the 
     United States: A Review of the Literature found that ``the 
     data and methodologies for estimating the prevalence of human 
     trafficking globally and nationally are not well developed, 
     and therefore estimates have varied widely and changed 
     significantly over time''.
       (7) The Federal Bureau of Investigation compiles national 
     crime statistics through the Uniform Crime Reporting Program.
       (8) Under current law, State and local governments 
     receiving Edward Byrne Memorial Justice Assistance grants are 
     required to share data on part 1 violent crimes with the 
     Federal Bureau of Investigation for inclusion in the Uniform 
     Crime Reporting Program.
       (9) The addition of severe forms of trafficking in persons 
     to the definition of part 1 violent crimes will ensure that 
     statistics on this heinous crime will be compiled and 
     available through the Federal Bureau of Investigation's 
     Uniform Crime Report.
       (c) Human Trafficking To Be Included in Part 1 Violent 
     Crimes for Purposes of Byrne Grants.--Section 505 of the 
     Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act of 1968 (42 U.S.C. 
     3755) is amended by adding at the end the following new 
     subsection:
       ``(i) Part 1 Violent Crimes To Include Human Trafficking.--
     For purposes of this section, the term `part 1 violent 
     crimes' shall include severe forms of trafficking in persons, 
     as defined in section 103(8) of the Trafficking Victims 
     Protection Act of 2000 (22 U.S.C. 7102(8)).''.

     SEC. 1121. RULE OF CONSTRUCTION.

       Nothing in this Act may be construed to authorize the 
     deployment, procurement, or construction of fencing along the 
     Northern border.

     SEC. 1122. LIMITATIONS ON DANGEROUS DEPORTATION PRACTICES.

       (a) Certification Required.--
       (1) In general.--Not later than 1 year after the date of 
     the enactment of this Act, and every 180 days thereafter, the 
     Secretary, except as provided in paragraph (2), shall submit 
     written certification to Congress that the Department has 
     only deported or otherwise removed a migrant from the United 
     States through an entry or exit point on the Southern border 
     during daylight hours.
       (2) Exception.--The certification required under paragraph 
     (1) shall not apply to the deportation or removal of a 
     migrant otherwise described in that paragraph if--
       (A) the manner of the deportation or removal is justified 
     by a compelling governmental interest;
       (B) the manner of the deportation or removal is in 
     accordance with an applicable Local Arrangement for the 
     Repatriation of Mexican Nationals entered into by the 
     appropriate Mexican Consulate; or
       (C) the migrant is not an unaccompanied minor and the 
     migrant--
       (i) is deported or removed through an entry or exit point 
     in the same sector as the place where the migrant was 
     apprehended; or
       (ii) agrees to be deported or removed in such manner after 
     being notified of the intended manner of deportation or 
     removal.
       (b) Additional Information Required.--Not later than 1 year 
     after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary 
     shall submit to Congress a study of the Alien Transfer Exit 
     Program, which shall include--
       (1) the specific locations on the Southern border where 
     lateral repatriations have occurred during the 1-year period 
     preceding the submission of the study;
       (2) the performance measures developed by U.S. Customs and 
     Border Protection to determine if the Alien Transfer Exit 
     Program

[[Page S5371]]

     is deterring migrants from repeatedly crossing the border or 
     otherwise reducing recidivism; and
       (3) the consideration given, if any, to the rates of 
     violent crime and the availability of infrastructure and 
     social services in Mexico near such locations.
       (c) Prohibition on Confiscation of Property.--
     Notwithstanding any other provision of law, lawful, 
     nonperishable belongings of a migrant that are confiscated by 
     personnel operating under Federal authority shall be returned 
     to the migrant before repatriation, to the extent 
     practicable. (1)

     SEC. 1123. MAXIMUM ALLOWABLE COSTS OF SALARIES OF CONTRACTOR 
                   EMPLOYEES.

       Section 4304(a)(16) of title 41, United States Code, is 
     amended by inserting before the period at the end the 
     following: ``, except that in the case of contracts with the 
     Department of Homeland Security or the National Guard while 
     operating in Federal status that relate to border security, 
     the limit on the costs of compensation of all executives and 
     employees of contractors is the annual amount payable under 
     the aggregate limitation on pay as established by the Office 
     of Management and Budget (currently $230,700)''.

                       Subtitle B--Other Matters

     SEC. 1201. REMOVAL OF NONIMMIGRANTS WHO OVERSTAY THEIR VISAS.

       (a) In General.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
     the enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall initiate 
     removal proceedings, in accordance with chapter 4 of title II 
     of the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1221 et 
     seq.), confirm that immigration relief or protection has been 
     granted or is pending, or otherwise close 90 percent of the 
     cases of nonimmigrants who--
       (1) were admitted to the United States as nonimmigrants 
     after the date of the enactment of this Act; and
       (2) during the most recent 12-month period, have entered 
     the category of having exceeded their authorized period of 
     admission by more than 180 days.
       (b) Semiannual Report.--Every 6 months after the date of 
     the enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall submit a 
     report to Congress that identifies--
       (1) the total number of nonimmigrants who the Secretary has 
     determined have exceeded their authorized period of admission 
     by more than 180 days after the date of the enactment of this 
     Act, categorized by--
       (A) the type of visa that authorized their entry into the 
     United States;
       (B) their country of origin; and
       (C) the length of time since their visa expired.
       (2) an estimate of the total number of nonimmigrants who 
     are physically present in the United States and have exceeded 
     their authorized period of admission by more than 180 days 
     after the date of the enactment of this Act;
       (3) for the most recent 6-month and 12-month periods--
       (A) the total number of removal proceedings that were 
     initiated against nonimmigrants who were physically present 
     in the United States more than 180 days after the expiration 
     of the period for which they were lawfully admitted; and
       (B) as a result of the removal proceedings described in 
     paragraph (A)--
       (i) the total number of removals pending;
       (ii) the total number of nonimmigrants who were ordered to 
     be removed from the United States;
       (iii) the total number of nonimmigrants whose removal 
     proceedings were cancelled; and
       (iv) the total number of nonimmigrants who were granted 
     immigration relief or protection in removal proceedings.
       (c) Estimated Population.--Each report submitted under 
     subsection (b) shall include a comprehensive, detailed 
     explanation of and justification for the methodology used to 
     estimate the population described in subsection (a).

     SEC. 1202. VISA OVERSTAY NOTIFICATION PILOT PROGRAM.

       (a) Establishment of Pilot Program.--Not later than 1 year 
     after the date of enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall 
     establish a pilot program to explore the feasibility and 
     effectiveness of notifying individuals who have traveled to 
     the United States from a foreign nation that the terms of 
     their admission to the United States are about to expire, 
     including individuals that entered with a visa or through the 
     visa waiver program.
       (b) Requirements.--In establishing the pilot program 
     required under subsection (a), the Secretary shall--
       (1) provide for the collection of contact information, 
     including telephone numbers and email addresses, as 
     appropriate, of individuals traveling to the United States 
     from a foreign nation; and
       (2) randomly select a pool of participants in order to form 
     a statistically significant sample of people who travel to 
     the United States each year to receive notification by 
     telephone, email, or other electronic means that the terms of 
     their admission to the United States is about to expire.
       (c) Report.--Not later than 1 year after the date on which 
     the Secretary establishes the pilot program under subsection 
     (a), the Secretary shall submit to Congress a report on 
     whether the telephone or email notifications have a 
     statistically significant effect on reducing the rates of 
     visa overstays in the United States.

     SEC. 1203. PREVENTING UNAUTHORIZED IMMIGRATION TRANSITING 
                   THROUGH MEXICO.

       (a) In General.--The Secretary of State, in coordination 
     with the Secretary of Homeland Security, shall develop, in 
     consultation with the relevant Committees of Congress, a 
     strategy to address the unauthorized immigration of 
     individuals who transit through Mexico to the United States.
       (b) Requirements.--The strategy developed under subsection 
     (a) shall include specific steps--
       (1) to enhance the training, resources, and professionalism 
     of border and law enforcement officials in Mexico, Honduras, 
     El Salvador, Guatemala, and other countries, as appropriate; 
     and
       (2) to educate nationals of the countries described in 
     paragraph (1) about the perils of the journey to the United 
     States, including how this Act will increase the likelihood 
     of apprehension, increase criminal penalties associated with 
     illegal entry, and make finding employment in the United 
     States more difficult.
       (c) Implementation of Strategy.--In carrying out the 
     strategy developed under subsection (a)--
       (1) the Secretary of Homeland Security, in conjunction with 
     the Secretary of State, shall produce an educational campaign 
     and disseminate information about the perils of the journey 
     across Mexico, the likelihood of apprehension, and the 
     difficulty of finding employment in the United States; and
       (2) the Secretary of State, in coordination with the 
     Secretary of Homeland Security, shall offer--
       (A) training to border and law enforcement officials to 
     enable these officials to operate more effectively, by using, 
     to the greatest extent practicable, Department of Homeland 
     Security personnel to conduct the training; and
       (B) technical assistance and equipment to border officials, 
     including computers, document readers, and other forms of 
     technology that may be needed, as appropriate.
       (d) Availability of Funds.--The Secretary of Homeland 
     Security may use such sums as are necessary from the 
     Comprehensive Immigration Trust Fund established under 
     section 6(a)(1) to carry out this section.

                       TITLE II--IMMIGRANT VISAS

   Subtitle A--Registration and Adjustment of Registered Provisional 
                               Immigrants

     SEC. 2101. REGISTERED PROVISIONAL IMMIGRANT STATUS.

       (a) Authorization.--Chapter 5 of title II (8 U.S.C. 1255 et 
     seq.) is amended by inserting after section 245A the 
     following:

     ``SEC. 245B. ADJUSTMENT OF STATUS OF ELIGIBLE ENTRANTS BEFORE 
                   DECEMBER 31, 2011, TO THAT OF REGISTERED 
                   PROVISIONAL IMMIGRANT.

       ``(a) In General.--Notwithstanding any other provision of 
     law, the Secretary of Homeland Security (referred to in this 
     section and in sections 245C through 245F as the 
     `Secretary'), after conducting the national security and law 
     enforcement clearances required under subsection (c)(8), may 
     grant registered provisional immigrant status to an alien 
     who--
       ``(1) meets the eligibility requirements set forth in 
     subsection (b);
       ``(2) submits a completed application before the end of the 
     period set forth in subsection (c)(3); and
       ``(3) has paid the fee required under subsection (c)(10)(A) 
     and the penalty required under subsection (c)(10)(C), if 
     applicable.
       ``(b) Eligibility Requirements.--
       ``(1) In general.--An alien is not eligible for registered 
     provisional immigrant status unless the alien establishes, by 
     a preponderance of the evidence, that the alien meets the 
     requirements set forth in this subsection.
       ``(2) Physical presence.--
       ``(A) In general.--The alien--
       ``(i) shall be physically present in the United States on 
     the date on which the alien submits an application for 
     registered provisional immigrant status;
       ``(ii) shall have been physically present in the United 
     States on or before December 31, 2011; and
       ``(iii) shall have maintained continuous physical presence 
     in the United States from December 31, 2011, until the date 
     on which the alien is granted status as a registered 
     provisional immigrant under this section.
       ``(B) Break in physical presence.--
       ``(i) In general.--Except as provided in clause (ii), an 
     alien who is absent from the United States without 
     authorization after the date of the enactment of the Border 
     Security, Economic Opportunity, and Immigration Modernization 
     Act does not meet the continuous physical presence 
     requirement set forth in subparagraph (A)(iii).
       ``(ii) Exception.--An alien who departed from the United 
     States after December 31, 2011, will not be considered to 
     have failed to maintain continuous presence in the United 
     States if the alien's absences from the United States are 
     brief, casual, and innocent whether or not such absences were 
     authorized by the Secretary.
       ``(3) Grounds for ineligibility.--
       ``(A) In general.--Except as provided in subparagraph (B), 
     an alien is ineligible for registered provisional immigrant 
     status if the Secretary determines that the alien--
       ``(i) has a conviction for--

       ``(I) an offense classified as a felony in the convicting 
     jurisdiction (other than a State or local offense for which 
     an essential element was the alien's immigration status, or a 
     violation of this Act);
       ``(II) an aggravated felony (as defined in section 
     101(a)(43) at the time of the conviction);

[[Page S5372]]

       ``(III) 3 or more misdemeanor offenses (other than minor 
     traffic offenses or State or local offenses for which an 
     essential element was the alien's immigration status, or 
     violations of this Act) if the alien was convicted on 
     different dates for each of the 3 offenses;
       ``(IV) any offense under foreign law, except for a purely 
     political offense, which, if the offense had been committed 
     in the United States, would render the alien inadmissible 
     under section 212(a) (excluding the paragraphs set forth in 
     clause (ii)) or removable under section 237(a), except as 
     provided in paragraph (3) of section 237(a);
       ``(V) unlawful voting (as defined in section 237(a)(6));

       ``(ii) is inadmissible under section 212(a), except that in 
     determining an alien's inadmissibility--

       ``(I) paragraphs (4), (5), (7), and (9)(B) of section 
     212(a) shall not apply;
       ``(II) subparagraphs (A), (C), (D), (F), and (G) of section 
     212(a)(6) and paragraphs (9)(C) and (10)(B) of section 212(a) 
     shall not apply unless based on the act of unlawfully 
     entering the United States after the date of the enactment of 
     the Border Security, Economic Opportunity, and Immigration 
     Modernization Act; and
       ``(III) paragraphs (6)(B) and (9)(A) of section 212(a) 
     shall not apply unless the relevant conduct began on or after 
     the date on which the alien files an application for 
     registered provisional immigrant status under this section;

       ``(iii) is an alien who the Secretary knows or has 
     reasonable grounds to believe, is engaged in or is likely to 
     engage after entry in any terrorist activity (as defined in 
     section 212(a)(3)(B)(iv)); or
       ``(iv) was, on April 16, 2013--

       ``(I) an alien lawfully admitted for permanent residence;
       ``(II) an alien admitted as a refugee under section 207 or 
     granted asylum under section 208; or
       ``(III) an alien who, according to the records of the 
     Secretary or the Secretary of State, is lawfully present in 
     the United States in any nonimmigrant status (other than an 
     alien considered to be a nonimmigrant solely due to the 
     application of section 244(f)(4) or the amendment made by 
     section 702 of the Consolidated Natural Resources Act of 2008 
     (Public Law 110-229)), notwithstanding any unauthorized 
     employment or other violation of nonimmigrant status.

       ``(B) Waiver.--
       ``(i) In general.--The Secretary may waive the application 
     of subparagraph (A)(i)(III) or any provision of section 
     212(a) that is not listed in clause (ii) on behalf of an 
     alien for humanitarian purposes, to ensure family unity, or 
     if such a waiver is otherwise in the public interest. Any 
     discretionary authority to waive grounds of inadmissibility 
     under section 212(a) conferred under any other provision of 
     this Act shall apply equally to aliens seeking registered 
     provisional status under this section.
       ``(ii) Exceptions.--The discretionary authority under 
     clause (i) may not be used to waive--

       ``(I) subparagraph (B), (C), (D)(ii), (E), (G), (H), or (I) 
     of section 212(a)(2);
       ``(II) section 212(a)(3);
       ``(III) subparagraph (A), (C), (D), or (E) of section 
     212(a)(10); or
       ``(IV) with respect to misrepresentations relating to the 
     application for registered provisional immigrant status, 
     section 212(a)(6)(C)(i).

       ``(C) Conviction explained.--For purposes of this 
     paragraph, the term `conviction' does not include a judgment 
     that has been expunged, set aside, or the equivalent.
       ``(D) Rule of construction.--Nothing in this paragraph may 
     be construed to require the Secretary to commence removal 
     proceedings against an alien.
       ``(4) Applicability of other provisions.--Sections 
     208(d)(6) and 240B(d) shall not apply to any alien filing an 
     application for registered provisional immigrant status under 
     this section.
       ``(5) Dependent spouse and children.--
       ``(A) In general.--Notwithstanding any other provision of 
     law, the Secretary may classify the spouse or child of a 
     registered provisional immigrant as a registered provisional 
     immigrant dependent if the spouse or child--
       ``(i) was physically present in the United States on or 
     before December 31, 2012, and has maintained continuous 
     presence in the United States from that date until the date 
     on which the registered provisional immigrant is granted such 
     status, with the exception of absences from the United States 
     that are brief, casual, and innocent, whether or not such 
     absences were authorized by the Secretary; and
       ``(ii) meets all of the eligibility requirements set forth 
     in this subsection, other than the requirements of clause 
     (ii) or (iii) of paragraph (2)(A).
       ``(B) Effect of termination of legal relationship or 
     domestic violence.--If the spousal or parental relationship 
     between an alien who is granted registered provisional 
     immigrant status under this section and the alien's spouse or 
     child is terminated due to death or divorce or the spouse or 
     child has been battered or subjected to extreme cruelty by 
     the alien (regardless of whether the legal relationship 
     terminates), the spouse or child may apply for classification 
     as a registered provisional immigrant.
       ``(C) Effect of disqualification of parent.--
     Notwithstanding subsection (c)(3), if the application of a 
     spouse or parent for registered provisional immigrant status 
     is terminated or revoked, the husband, wife, or child of that 
     spouse or parent shall be eligible to apply for registered 
     provisional immigrant status independent of the parent or 
     spouse.
       ``(c) Application Procedures.--
       ``(1) In general.--An alien, or the dependent spouse or 
     child of such alien, who meets the eligibility requirements 
     set forth in subsection (b) may apply for status as a 
     registered provisional immigrant or a registered provisional 
     immigrant dependent, as applicable, by submitting a completed 
     application form to the Secretary during the application 
     period set forth in paragraph (3), in accordance with the 
     final rule promulgated by the Secretary under the Border 
     Security, Economic Opportunity, and Immigration Modernization 
     Act. An applicant for registered provisional immigrant status 
     shall be treated as an applicant for admission.
       ``(2) Payment of taxes.--
       ``(A) In general.--An alien may not file an application for 
     registered provisional immigrant status under paragraph (1) 
     unless the applicant has satisfied any applicable Federal tax 
     liability.
       ``(B) Definition of applicable federal tax liability.--In 
     this paragraph, the term `applicable Federal tax liability' 
     means all Federal income taxes assessed in accordance with 
     section 6203 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986.
       ``(C) Demonstration of compliance.--An applicant may 
     demonstrate compliance with this paragraph by submitting 
     appropriate documentation, in accordance with regulations 
     promulgated by the Secretary, in consultation with the 
     Secretary of the Treasury.
       ``(3) Application period.--
       ``(A) Initial period.--Except as provided in subparagraph 
     (B), the Secretary may only accept applications for 
     registered provisional immigrant status from aliens in the 
     United States during the 1-year period beginning on the date 
     on which the final rule is published in the Federal Register 
     pursuant to paragraph (1).
       ``(B) Extension.--If the Secretary determines, during the 
     initial period described in subparagraph (A), that additional 
     time is required to process applications for registered 
     provisional immigrant status or for other good cause, the 
     Secretary may extend the period for accepting applications 
     for such status for an additional 18 months.
       ``(4) Application form.--
       ``(A) Required information.--
       ``(i) In general.--The application form referred to in 
     paragraph (1) shall collect such information as the Secretary 
     determines to be necessary and appropriate, including, for 
     the purpose of understanding immigration trends--

       ``(I) an explanation of how, when, and where the alien 
     entered the United States;
       ``(II) the country in which the alien resided before 
     entering the United States; and
       ``(III) other demographic information specified by the 
     Secretary.

       ``(ii) Privacy protections.--Information described in 
     subclauses (I) through (III) of clause (i), which shall be 
     provided anonymously by the applicant on the application form 
     referred to in paragraph (1), shall be subject to the same 
     confidentiality provisions as those set forth in section 9 of 
     title 13, United States Code.
       ``(iii) Report.--The Secretary shall submit a report to 
     Congress that contains a summary of the statistical data 
     about immigration trends collected pursuant to clause (i).
       ``(B) Family application.--The Secretary shall establish a 
     process through which an alien may submit a single 
     application under this section on behalf of the alien, his or 
     her spouse, and his or her children who are residing in the 
     United States.
       ``(C) Interview.--The Secretary may interview applicants 
     for registered provisional immigrant status under this 
     section to determine whether they meet the eligibility 
     requirements set forth in subsection (b).
       ``(5) Aliens apprehended before or during the application 
     period.--If an alien who is apprehended during the period 
     beginning on the date of the enactment of the Border 
     Security, Economic Opportunity, and Immigration Modernization 
     Act and the end of the application period described in 
     paragraph (3) appears prima facie eligible for registered 
     provisional immigrant status, to the satisfaction of the 
     Secretary, the Secretary--
       ``(A) shall provide the alien with a reasonable opportunity 
     to file an application under this section during such 
     application period; and
       ``(B) may not remove the individual until a final 
     administrative determination is made on the application.
       ``(6) Eligibility after departure.--
       ``(A) In general.--An alien who departed from the United 
     States while subject to an order of exclusion, deportation, 
     or removal, or pursuant to an order of voluntary departure 
     and who is outside of the United States, or who has reentered 
     the United States illegally after December 31, 2011 without 
     receiving the Secretary's consent to reapply for admission 
     under section 212(a)(9), shall not be eligible to file an 
     application for registered provisional immigrant status.
       ``(B) Waiver.--The Secretary, in the Secretary's sole and 
     unreviewable discretion, subject to subparagraph (D), may 
     waive the application of subparagraph (A) on behalf of an 
     alien if the alien--
       ``(i) is the spouse or child of a United States citizen or 
     lawful permanent resident;

[[Page S5373]]

       ``(ii) is the parent of a child who is a United States 
     citizen or lawful permanent resident;
       ``(iii) meets the requirements set forth in clauses (ii) 
     and (iii) of section 245D(b)(1)(A); or
       ``(iv) meets the requirements set forth in section 
     245D(b)(1)(A)(ii), is 16 years or older on the date on which 
     the alien applies for registered provisional immigrant 
     status, and was physically present in the United States for 
     an aggregate period of not less than 3 years during the 6-
     year period immediately preceding the date of the enactment 
     of the Border Security, Economic Opportunity, and Immigration 
     Modernization Act.
       ``(C) Eligibility.--Subject to subparagraph (D) and 
     notwithstanding subsection (b)(2), section 241(a)(5), or a 
     prior order of exclusion, deportation, or removal, an alien 
     described in subparagraph (B) who is otherwise eligible for 
     registered provisional immigrant status may file an 
     application for such status.
       ``(D) Crime victims' rights to notice and consultation.--
     Prior to applying, or exercising, any authority under this 
     paragraph, or ruling upon an application allowed under 
     subparagraph (C) the Secretary shall--
       ``(i) determine whether or not an alien described under 
     subparagraph (B) or (C) has a conviction for any criminal 
     offense;
       ``(ii) in consultation with the agency that prosecuted the 
     criminal offense under clause (i), if the agency, in the sole 
     discretion of the agency, is willing to cooperate with the 
     Secretary, make all reasonable efforts to identify each 
     victim of a crime for which an alien determined to be a 
     criminal under clause (i) has a conviction;
       ``(iii) in consultation with the agency that prosecuted the 
     criminal offense under clause (i), if the agency, in the sole 
     discretion of the agency, is willing to cooperate with the 
     Secretary, make all reasonable efforts to provide each victim 
     identified under clause (ii) with written notice that the 
     alien is being considered for a waiver under this paragraph, 
     specifying in such notice that the victim may--

       ``(I) take no further action;
       ``(II) request written notification by the Secretary of any 
     subsequent application for waiver filed by the criminal alien 
     under this paragraph and of the final determination of the 
     Secretary regarding such application; or
       ``(III) not later than 60 days after the date on which the 
     victim receives written notice under this clause, request a 
     consultation with the Secretary relating to whether the 
     application of the offender should be granted and if the 
     victim cannot be located or if no response is received from 
     the victim within the designated time period, the Secretary 
     shall proceed with adjudication of the application; and

       ``(iv) at the request of a victim under clause (iii), 
     consult with the victim to determine whether or not the 
     Secretary should, in the case of an alien who is determined 
     under clause (i) to have a conviction for any criminal 
     offense, exercise waiver authority for an alien described 
     under subparagraph (B), or grant the application of an alien 
     described under subparagraph (C).
       ``(E) Crime victims' right to intervention.--In addition to 
     the victim notification and consultation provided for in 
     subparagraph (D), the Secretary shall allow the victim of a 
     criminal alien described under subparagraph (B) or (C) to 
     request consultation regarding, or notice of, any application 
     for waiver filed by the criminal alien under this paragraph, 
     including the final determination of the Secretary regarding 
     such application.
       ``(F) Confidentiality protections for crime victims.--The 
     Secretary and the Attorney General may not make an adverse 
     determination of admissibility or deportability of any alien 
     who is a victim and not lawfully present in the United States 
     based solely on information supplied or derived in the 
     process of identification, notification, or consultation 
     under this paragraph.
       ``(G) Reports required.--Not later than September 30 of 
     each fiscal year in which the Secretary exercises authority 
     under this paragraph to rule upon the application of a 
     criminal offender allowed under subparagraph (C), the 
     Secretary shall submit to the Committee on the Judiciary of 
     the Senate and the Committee on the Judiciary of the House of 
     Representatives a report detailing the execution of the 
     victim identification and notification process required under 
     subparagraph (D), which shall include--
       ``(i) the total number of criminal offenders who have filed 
     an application under subparagraph (C) and the crimes 
     committed by such offenders;
       ``(ii) the total number of criminal offenders whose 
     application under subparagraph (C) has been granted and the 
     crimes committed by such offenders; and
       ``(iii) the total number of victims of criminal offenders 
     under clause (ii) who were not provided with written notice 
     of the offender's application and the crimes committed 
     against the victims.
       ``(H) Definition.--In this paragraph, the term `victim' has 
     the meaning given the term in section 503(e) of the Victims' 
     Rights and Restitution Act of 1990 (42 U.S.C. 10607(e)).
       ``(7) Suspension of removal during application period.--
       ``(A) Protection from detention or removal.--A registered 
     provisional immigrant may not be detained by the Secretary or 
     removed from the United States, unless--
       ``(i) the Secretary determines that--

       ``(I) such alien is, or has become, ineligible for 
     registered provisional immigrant status under subsection 
     (b)(3); or
       ``(II) the alien's registered provisional immigrant status 
     has been revoked under subsection (d)(2).

       ``(B) Aliens in removal proceedings.--Notwithstanding any 
     other provision of this Act--
       ``(i) if the Secretary determines that an alien, during the 
     period beginning on the date of the enactment of this section 
     and ending on the last day of the application period 
     described in paragraph (3), is in removal, deportation, or 
     exclusion proceedings before the Executive Office for 
     Immigration Review and is prima facie eligible for registered 
     provisional immigrant status under this section--

       ``(I) the Secretary shall provide the alien with the 
     opportunity to file an application for such status; and
       ``(II) upon motion by the Secretary and with the consent of 
     the alien or upon motion by the alien, the Executive Office 
     for Immigration Review shall--

       ``(aa) terminate such proceedings without prejudice to 
     future proceedings on any basis; and
       ``(bb) provide the alien a reasonable opportunity to apply 
     for such status; and
       ``(ii) if the Executive Office for Immigration Review 
     determines that an alien, during the period beginning on the 
     date of the enactment of this section and ending on the last 
     day of the application period described in paragraph (3), is 
     in removal, deportation, or exclusion proceedings before the 
     Executive Office for Immigration Review and is prima facie 
     eligible for registered provisional immigrant status under 
     this section--

       ``(I) the Executive Office of Immigration Review shall 
     notify the Secretary of such determination; and
       ``(II) if the Secretary does not dispute the determination 
     of prima facie eligibility within 7 days after such 
     notification, the Executive Office for Immigration Review, 
     upon consent of the alien, shall--

       ``(aa) terminate such proceedings without prejudice to 
     future proceedings on any basis; and
       ``(bb) permit the alien a reasonable opportunity to apply 
     for such status.
       ``(C) Treatment of certain aliens.--
       ``(i) In general.--If an alien who meets the eligibility 
     requirements set forth in subsection (b) is present in the 
     United States and has been ordered excluded, deported, or 
     removed, or ordered to depart voluntarily from the United 
     States under any provision of this Act--

       ``(I) notwithstanding such order or section 241(a)(5), the 
     alien may apply for registered provisional immigrant status 
     under this section; and
       ``(II) if the alien is granted such status, the alien shall 
     file a motion to reopen the exclusion, deportation, removal, 
     or voluntary departure order, which motion shall be granted 
     unless 1 or more of the grounds of ineligibility is 
     established by clear and convincing evidence.

       ``(ii) Limitations on motions to reopen.--The limitations 
     on motions to reopen set forth in section 240(c)(7) shall not 
     apply to motions filed under clause (i)(II).
       ``(D) Period pending adjudication of application.--
       ``(i) In general.--During the period beginning on the date 
     on which an alien applies for registered provisional 
     immigrant status under paragraph (1) and the date on which 
     the Secretary makes a final decision regarding such 
     application, the alien--

       ``(I) may receive advance parole to reenter the United 
     States if urgent humanitarian circumstances compel such 
     travel;
       ``(II) may not be detained by the Secretary or removed from 
     the United States unless the Secretary makes a prima facie 
     determination that such alien is, or has become, ineligible 
     for registered provisional immigrant status under subsection 
     (b)(3);
       ``(III) shall not be considered unlawfully present for 
     purposes of section 212(a)(9)(B); and
       ``(IV) shall not be considered an unauthorized alien (as 
     defined in section 274A(h)(3)).

       ``(ii) Evidence of application filing.--As soon as 
     practicable after receiving each application for registered 
     provisional immigrant status, the Secretary shall provide the 
     applicant with a document acknowledging the receipt of such 
     application.
       ``(iii) Continuing employment.--An employer who knows that 
     an alien employee is an applicant for registered provisional 
     immigrant status or will apply for such status once the 
     application period commences is not in violation of section 
     274A(a)(2) if the employer continues to employ the alien 
     pending the adjudication of the alien employee's application.
       ``(iv) Effect of departure.--Section 101(g) shall not apply 
     to an alien granted--

       ``(I) advance parole under clause (i)(I) to reenter the 
     United States; or
       ``(II) registered provisional immigrant status.

       ``(8) Security and law enforcement clearances.--
       ``(A) Biometric and biographic data.--The Secretary may not 
     grant registered provisional immigrant status to an alien or 
     an alien dependent spouse or child under this section unless 
     such alien submits biometric and biographic data in 
     accordance with procedures established by the Secretary.
       ``(B) Alternative procedures.--The Secretary shall provide 
     an alternative procedure

[[Page S5374]]

     for applicants who cannot provide the biometric data required 
     under subparagraph (A) because of a physical impairment.
       ``(C) Clearances.--
       ``(i) Data collection.--The Secretary shall collect, from 
     each alien applying for status under this section, biometric, 
     biographic, and other data that the Secretary determines to 
     be appropriate--

       ``(I) to conduct national security and law enforcement 
     clearances; and
       ``(II) to determine whether there are any national security 
     or law enforcement factors that would render an alien 
     ineligible for such status.

       ``(ii) Additional security screening.--The Secretary, in 
     consultation with the Secretary of State and other 
     interagency partners, shall conduct an additional security 
     screening upon determining, in the Secretary's opinion based 
     upon information related to national security, that an alien 
     or alien dependent spouse or child is or was a citizen or 
     long-term resident of a region or country known to pose a 
     threat, or that contains groups or organizations that pose a 
     threat, to the national security of the United States.
       ``(iii) Prerequisite.--The required clearances and 
     screenings described in clauses (i)(I) and (ii) shall be 
     completed before the alien may be granted registered 
     provisional immigrant status.
       ``(9) Duration of status and extension.--
       ``(A) In general.--The initial period of authorized 
     admission for a registered provisional immigrant--
       ``(i) shall remain valid for 6 years unless revoked 
     pursuant to subsection (d)(2); and
       ``(ii) may be extended for additional 6-year terms if--

       ``(I) the alien remains eligible for registered provisional 
     immigrant status;
       ``(II) the alien meets the employment requirements set 
     forth in subparagraph (B);
       ``(III) the alien has successfully passed background checks 
     that are equivalent to the background checks described in 
     section 245D(b)(1)(E); and
       ``(IV) such status was not revoked by the Secretary for any 
     reason.

       ``(B) Employment or education requirement.--Except as 
     provided in subparagraphs (D) and (E) of section 245C(b)(3), 
     an alien may not be granted an extension of registered 
     provisional immigrant status under this paragraph unless the 
     alien establishes that, during the alien's period of status 
     as a registered provisional immigrant, the alien--
       ``(i)(I) was regularly employed throughout the period of 
     admission as a registered provisional immigrant, allowing for 
     brief periods lasting not more than 60 days; and
       ``(II) is not likely to become a public charge (as 
     determined under section 212(a)(4)); or
       ``(ii) is able to demonstrate average income or resources 
     that are not less than 100 percent of the Federal poverty 
     level throughout the period of admission as a registered 
     provisional immigrant.
       ``(C) Payment of taxes.--An applicant may not be granted an 
     extension of registered provisional immigrant status under 
     subparagraph (A)(ii) unless the applicant has satisfied any 
     applicable Federal tax liability in accordance with paragraph 
     (2).
       ``(10) Fees and penalties.--
       ``(A) Standard processing fee.--
       ``(i) In general.--Aliens who are 16 years of age or older 
     and are applying for registered provisional immigrant status 
     under paragraph (1), or for an extension of such status under 
     paragraph (9)(A)(ii), shall pay a processing fee to the 
     Department of Homeland Security in an amount determined by 
     the Secretary.
       ``(ii) Recovery of costs.--The processing fee authorized 
     under clause (i) shall be set at a level that is sufficient 
     to recover the full costs of processing the application, 
     including any costs incurred--

       ``(I) to adjudicate the application;
       ``(II) to take and process biometrics;
       ``(III) to perform national security and criminal checks, 
     including adjudication;
       ``(IV) to prevent and investigate fraud; and
       ``(V) to administer the collection of such fee.

       ``(iii) Authority to limit fees.--The Secretary, by 
     regulation, may--

       ``(I) limit the maximum processing fee payable under this 
     subparagraph by a family, including spouses and unmarried 
     children younger than 21 years of age; and
       ``(II) exempt defined classes of individuals, including 
     individuals described in section 245B(c)(13), from the 
     payment of the fee authorized under clause (i).

       ``(B) Deposit and use of processing fees.--Fees collected 
     under subparagraph (A)(i)--
       ``(i) shall be deposited into the Immigration Examinations 
     Fee Account pursuant to section 286(m); and
       ``(ii) shall remain available until expended pursuant to 
     section 286(n).
       ``(C) Penalty.--
       ``(i) Payment.--In addition to the processing fee required 
     under subparagraph (A), aliens not described in section 
     245D(b)(A)(ii) who are 21 years of age or older and are 
     filing an application under this subsection shall pay a 
     $1,000 penalty to the Department of Homeland Security.
       ``(ii) Installments.--The Secretary shall establish a 
     process for collecting payments required under clause (i) 
     that permits the penalty under that clause to be paid in 
     periodic installments that shall be completed before the 
     alien may be granted an extension of status under paragraph 
     (9)(A)(ii).
       ``(iii) Deposit.--Penalties collected pursuant to this 
     subparagraph shall be deposited into the Comprehensive 
     Immigration Reform Trust Fund established under section 
     6(a)(1) of the Border Security, Economic Opportunity, and 
     Immigration Modernization Act.
       ``(11) Adjudication.--
       ``(A) Failure to submit sufficient evidence.--The Secretary 
     shall deny an application submitted by an alien who fails to 
     submit--
       ``(i) requested initial evidence, including requested 
     biometric data; or
       ``(ii) any requested additional evidence by the date 
     required by the Secretary.
       ``(B) Amended application.--An alien whose application for 
     registered provisional immigrant status is denied under 
     subparagraph (A) may file an amended application for such 
     status to the Secretary if the amended application--
       ``(i) is filed within the application period described in 
     paragraph (3); and
       ``(ii) contains all the required information and fees that 
     were missing from the initial application.
       ``(12) Evidence of registered provisional immigrant 
     status.--
       ``(A) In general.--The Secretary shall issue documentary 
     evidence of registered provisional immigrant status to each 
     alien whose application for such status has been approved.
       ``(B) Documentation features.--Documentary evidence 
     provided under subparagraph (A)--
       ``(i) shall be machine-readable and tamper-resistant, and 
     shall contain a digitized photograph;
       ``(ii) shall, during the alien's authorized period of 
     admission, and any extension of such authorized admission, 
     serve as a valid travel and entry document for the purpose of 
     applying for admission to the United States;
       ``(iii) may be accepted during the period of its validity 
     by an employer as evidence of employment authorization and 
     identity under section 274A(b)(1)(B);
       ``(iv) shall indicate that the alien is authorized to work 
     in the United States for up to 3 years; and
       ``(v) shall include such other features and information as 
     may be prescribed by the Secretary.
       ``(13) DACA recipients.--Unless the Secretary determines 
     that an alien who was granted Deferred Action for Childhood 
     Arrivals (referred to in this paragraph as `DACA') pursuant 
     to the Secretary's memorandum of June 15, 2012, has engaged 
     in conduct since the alien was granted DACA that would make 
     the alien ineligible for registered provisional immigrant 
     status, the Secretary may grant such status to the alien if 
     renewed national security and law enforcement clearances have 
     been completed on behalf of the alien.
       ``(d) Terms and Conditions of Registered Provisional 
     Immigrant Status.--
       ``(1) Conditions of registered provisional immigrant 
     status.--
       ``(A) Employment.--Notwithstanding any other provision of 
     law, including section 241(a)(7), a registered provisional 
     immigrant shall be authorized to be employed in the United 
     States while in such status.
       ``(B) Travel outside the united states.--A registered 
     provisional immigrant may travel outside of the United States 
     and may be admitted, if otherwise admissible, upon returning 
     to the United States without having to obtain a visa if--
       ``(i) the alien is in possession of--

       ``(I) valid, unexpired documentary evidence of registered 
     provisional immigrant status that complies with subsection 
     (c)(12); or
       ``(II) a travel document, duly approved by the Secretary, 
     that was issued to the alien after the alien's original 
     documentary evidence was lost, stolen, or destroyed;

       ``(ii) the alien's absence from the United States did not 
     exceed 180 days, unless the alien's failure to timely return 
     was due to extenuating circumstances beyond the alien's 
     control;
       ``(iii) the alien meets the requirements for an extension 
     as described in subclauses (I) and (III) of paragraph (9)(A); 
     and
       ``(iv) the alien establishes that the alien is not 
     inadmissible under subparagraph (A)(i), (A)(iii), (B), or (C) 
     of section 212(a)(3).
       ``(C) Admission.--An alien granted registered provisional 
     immigrant status under this section shall be considered to 
     have been admitted and lawfully present in the United States 
     in such status as of the date on which the alien's 
     application was filed.
       ``(D) Clarification of status.--An alien granted registered 
     provisional immigrant status--
       ``(i) is lawfully admitted to the United States; and
       ``(ii) may not be classified as a nonimmigrant or as an 
     alien who has been lawfully admitted for permanent residence.
       ``(2) Revocation.--
       ``(A) In general.--The Secretary may revoke the status of a 
     registered provisional immigrant at any time after providing 
     appropriate notice to the alien, and after the exhaustion or 
     waiver of all applicable administrative review procedures 
     under section 245E(c), if the alien--
       ``(i) no longer meets the eligibility requirements set 
     forth in subsection (b);
       ``(ii) knowingly used documentation issued under this 
     section for an unlawful or fraudulent purpose;
       ``(iii) is convicted of fraudulently claiming or receiving 
     a Federal means-tested benefit

[[Page S5375]]

     (as defined and implemented in section 403 of the Personal 
     Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act of 
     1996 (8 U.S.C. 1613)) after being granted registered 
     provisional immigrant status; or
       ``(iv) was absent from the United States--

       ``(I) for any single period longer than 180 days in 
     violation of the requirements set forth in paragraph 
     (1)(B)(ii); or
       ``(II) for more than 180 days in the aggregate during any 
     calendar year, unless the alien's failure to timely return 
     was due to extenuating circumstances beyond the alien's 
     control.

       ``(B) Additional evidence.--In determining whether to 
     revoke an alien's status under subparagraph (A), the 
     Secretary may require the alien--
       ``(i) to submit additional evidence; or
       ``(ii) to appear for an interview.
       ``(C) Invalidation of documentation.--If an alien's 
     registered provisional immigrant status is revoked under 
     subparagraph (A), any documentation issued by the Secretary 
     to such alien under subsection (c)(12) shall automatically be 
     rendered invalid for any purpose except for departure from 
     the United States.
       ``(3) Ineligibility for public benefits.--
       ``(A) In general.--An alien who has been granted registered 
     provisional immigrant status under this section is not 
     eligible for any Federal means-tested public benefit (as 
     defined and implemented in section 403 of the Personal 
     Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act of 
     1996 (8 U.S.C. 1613)).
       ``(B) Audits.--The Secretary of Health and Human Services 
     shall conduct regular audits to ensure that registered 
     provisional immigrants are not fraudulently receiving any of 
     the benefits described in subparagraph (A).
       ``(4) Treatment of registered provisional immigrants.--A 
     noncitizen granted registered provisional immigrant status 
     under this section shall be considered lawfully present in 
     the United States for all purposes while such noncitizen 
     remains in such status, except that the noncitizen--
       ``(A) is not entitled to the premium assistance tax credit 
     authorized under section 36B of the Internal Revenue Code of 
     1986 for his or her coverage;
       ``(B) shall be subject to the rules applicable to 
     individuals not lawfully present that are set forth in 
     subsection (e) of such section;
       ``(C) shall be subject to the rules applicable to 
     individuals not lawfully present that are set forth in 
     section 1402(e) of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care 
     Act (42 U.S.C. 18071); and
       ``(D) shall be subject to the rules applicable to 
     individuals not lawfully present set forth in section 
     5000A(d)(3) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986.
       ``(5) Assignment of social security number.--
       ``(A) In general.--The Commissioner of Social Security, in 
     coordination with the Secretary, shall implement a system to 
     allow for the assignment of a Social Security number and the 
     issuance of a Social Security card to each alien who has been 
     granted registered provisional immigrant status under this 
     section.
       ``(B) Use of information.--The Secretary shall provide the 
     Commissioner of Social Security with information from the 
     applications filed by aliens granted registered provisional 
     immigrant status under this section and such other 
     information as the Commissioner determines to be necessary to 
     assign a Social Security account number to such aliens. The 
     Commissioner may use information received from the Secretary 
     under this subparagraph to assign Social Security account 
     numbers to such aliens and to administer the programs of the 
     Social Security Administration. The Commissioner may 
     maintain, use, and disclose such information only as 
     permitted under section 552a of title 5, United States Code 
     (commonly known as the Privacy Act of 1974) and other 
     applicable Federal laws.
       ``(e) Dissemination of Information on Registered 
     Provisional Immigrant Program.--As soon as practicable after 
     the date of the enactment of the Border Security, Economic 
     Opportunity, and Immigration Modernization Act, the 
     Secretary, in cooperation with entities approved by the 
     Secretary, and in accordance with a plan adopted by the 
     Secretary, shall broadly disseminate, in the most common 
     languages spoken by aliens who would qualify for registered 
     provisional immigrant status under this section, to 
     television, radio, print, and social media to which such 
     aliens would likely have access--
       ``(1) the procedures for applying for such status;
       ``(2) the terms and conditions of such status; and
       ``(3) the eligibility requirements for such status.''.
       (b) Enlistment in the Armed Forces.--Section 504(b)(1) of 
     title 10, United States Code, is amended by adding at the end 
     the following:
       ``(D) An alien who has been granted registered provisional 
     immigrant status under section 245B of the Immigration and 
     Nationality Act.''.

     SEC. 2102. ADJUSTMENT OF STATUS OF REGISTERED PROVISIONAL 
                   IMMIGRANTS.

       (a) In General.--Chapter 5 of title II (8 U.S.C. 1255 et 
     seq.) is amended by inserting after section 245B, as added by 
     section 2101 of this title, the following:

     ``SEC. 245C. ADJUSTMENT OF STATUS OF REGISTERED PROVISIONAL 
                   IMMIGRANTS.

       ``(a) In General.--Subject to section 245E(d) and section 
     2302(c)(3) of the Border Security, Economic Opportunity, and 
     Immigration Modernization Act, the Secretary may adjust the 
     status of a registered provisional immigrant to that of an 
     alien lawfully admitted for permanent residence if the 
     registered provisional immigrant satisfies the eligibility 
     requirements set forth in subsection (b).
       ``(b) Eligibility Requirements.--
       ``(1) Registered provisional immigrant status.--
       ``(A) In general.--The alien was granted registered 
     provisional immigrant status under section 245B and remains 
     eligible for such status.
       ``(B) Continuous physical presence.--The alien establishes, 
     to the satisfaction of the Secretary, that the alien was not 
     continuously absent from the United States for more than 180 
     days in any calendar year during the period of admission as a 
     registered provisional immigrant, unless the alien's absence 
     was due to extenuating circumstances beyond the alien's 
     control.
       ``(C) Maintenance of waivers of inadmissibility.--The 
     grounds of inadmissibility set forth in section 212(a) that 
     were previously waived for the alien or made inapplicable 
     under section 245B(b) shall not apply for purposes of the 
     alien's adjustment of status under this section.
       ``(D) Pending revocation proceedings.--If the Secretary has 
     notified the applicant that the Secretary intends to revoke 
     the applicant's registered provisional immigrant status under 
     section 245B(d)(2)(A), the Secretary may not approve an 
     application for adjustment of status under this section 
     unless the Secretary makes a final determination not to 
     revoke the applicant's status.
       ``(2) Payment of taxes.--
       ``(A) In general.--An applicant may not file an application 
     for adjustment of status under this section unless the 
     applicant has satisfied any applicable Federal tax liability.
       ``(B) Definition of applicable federal tax liability.--In 
     subparagraph (A), the term `applicable Federal tax liability' 
     means all Federal income taxes assessed in accordance with 
     section 6203 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 since the 
     date on which the applicant was authorized to work in the 
     United States as a registered provisional immigrant under 
     section 245B(a).
       ``(C) Compliance.--The applicant may demonstrate compliance 
     with subparagraph (A) by submitting such documentation as the 
     Secretary, in consultation with the Secretary of the 
     Treasury, may require by regulation.
       ``(3) Employment requirement.--
       ``(A) In general.--Except as provided in subparagraphs (D) 
     and (E), an alien applying for adjustment of status under 
     this section shall establish that, during his or her period 
     of status as a registered provisional immigrant, he or she--
       ``(i)(I) was regularly employed throughout the period of 
     admission as a registered provisional immigrant, allowing for 
     brief periods lasting not more than 60 days; and
       ``(II) is not likely to become a public charge (as 
     determined under section 212(a)(4)); or
       ``(ii) can demonstrate average income or resources that are 
     not less than 125 percent of the Federal poverty level 
     throughout the period of admission as a registered 
     provisional immigrant.
       ``(B) Evidence of employment.--
       ``(i) Documents.--An alien may satisfy the employment 
     requirement under subparagraph (A)(i) by submitting, to the 
     Secretary, records that--

       ``(I) establish, by the preponderance of the evidence, 
     compliance with such employment requirement; and
       ``(II) have been maintained by the Social Security 
     Administration, the Internal Revenue Service, or any other 
     Federal, State, or local government agency.

       ``(ii) Other documents.--An alien who is unable to submit 
     the records described in clause (i) may satisfy the 
     employment or education requirement under subparagraph (A) by 
     submitting to the Secretary at least 2 types of reliable 
     documents not described in clause (i) that provide evidence 
     of employment or education, including--

       ``(I) bank records;
       ``(II) business records;
       ``(III) employer records;
       ``(IV) records of a labor union, day labor center, or 
     organization that assists workers in employment;
       ``(V) sworn affidavits from nonrelatives who have direct 
     knowledge of the alien's work or education, that contain--

       ``(aa) the name, address, and telephone number of the 
     affiant;
       ``(bb) the nature and duration of the relationship between 
     the affiant and the alien; and
       ``(cc) other verification or information;

       ``(VI) remittance records; and
       ``(VII) school records from institutions described in 
     subparagraph (D).

       ``(iii) Additional documents and restrictions.--The 
     Secretary may--

       ``(I) designate additional documents that may be used to 
     establish compliance with the requirement under subparagraph 
     (A); and
       ``(II) set such terms and conditions on the use of 
     affidavits as may be necessary to verify and confirm the 
     identity of any affiant or to otherwise prevent fraudulent 
     submissions.

       ``(C) Satisfaction of employment requirement.--An alien may 
     not be required to

[[Page S5376]]

     satisfy the employment requirements under this section with a 
     single employer.
       ``(D) Education permitted.--An alien may satisfy the 
     requirement under subparagraph (A), in whole or in part, by 
     providing evidence of full-time attendance at--
       ``(i) an institution of higher education (as defined in 
     section 102(a) of the Higher Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 
     1002(a)));
       ``(ii) a secondary school, including a public secondary 
     school (as defined in section 9101 of the Elementary and 
     Secondary Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 7801));
       ``(iii) an education, literacy, or career and technical 
     training program (including vocational training) that is 
     designed to lead to placement in postsecondary education, job 
     training, or employment through which the alien is working 
     toward such placement; or
       ``(iv) an education program assisting students either in 
     obtaining a high school equivalency diploma, certificate, or 
     its recognized equivalent under State law (including a 
     certificate of completion, certificate of attendance, or 
     alternate award), or in passing a General Educational 
     Development exam or other equivalent State-authorized exam or 
     completed other applicable State requirements for high school 
     equivalency.
       ``(E) Authorization of exceptions and waivers.--
       ``(i) Exceptions based on age or disability.--The 
     employment and education requirements under this paragraph 
     shall not apply to any alien who--

       ``(I) is younger than 21 years of age on the date on which 
     the alien files an application for the first extension of the 
     initial period of authorized admission as a registered 
     provisional immigrant;
       ``(II) is at least 60 years of age on the date on which the 
     alien files an application for an extension of registered 
     provisional immigrant status or at least 65 years of age on 
     the date on which the alien's application for adjustment of 
     status is filed under this section; or
       ``(III) has a physical or mental disability (as defined in 
     section 3(2) of the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 
     (42 U.S.C. 12102(2))) or as a result of pregnancy if such 
     condition is evidenced by the submission of documentation 
     prescribed by the Secretary.

       ``(ii) Family exceptions.--The employment and education 
     requirements under this paragraph shall not apply to any 
     alien who is a dependent registered provisional immigrant 
     under subsection (b)(5).
       ``(iii) Temporary exceptions.--The employment and education 
     requirements under this paragraph shall not apply during any 
     period during which the alien--

       ``(I) was on medical leave, maternity leave, or other 
     employment leave authorized by Federal law, State law, or the 
     policy of the employer;
       ``(II) is or was the primary caretaker of a child or 
     another person who requires supervision or is unable to care 
     for himself or herself; or
       ``(III) was unable to work due to circumstances outside the 
     control of the alien.

       ``(iv) Waiver.--The Secretary may waive the employment or 
     education requirements under this paragraph with respect to 
     any individual alien who demonstrates extreme hardship to 
     himself or herself or to a spouse, parent, or child who is a 
     United States citizen or lawful permanent resident.
       ``(4) English skills.--
       ``(A) In general.--Except as provided under subparagraph 
     (C), a registered provisional immigrant who is 16 years of 
     age or older shall establish that he or she--
       ``(i) meets the requirements set forth in section 312; or
       ``(ii) is satisfactorily pursuing a course of study, 
     pursuant to standards established by the Secretary of 
     Education, in consultation with the Secretary, to achieve an 
     understanding of English and knowledge and understanding of 
     the history and Government of the United States, as described 
     in section 312(a).
       ``(B) Relation to naturalization examination.--A registered 
     provisional immigrant who demonstrates that he or she meets 
     the requirements set forth in section 312 may be considered 
     to have satisfied such requirements for purposes of becoming 
     naturalized as a citizen of the United States.
       ``(C) Exceptions.--
       ``(i) Mandatory.--Subparagraph (A) shall not apply to any 
     person who is unable to comply with the requirements under 
     that subparagraph because of a physical or developmental 
     disability or mental impairment.
       ``(ii) Discretionary.--The Secretary may waive all or part 
     of subparagraph (A) for a registered provisional immigrant 
     who is 70 years of age or older on the date on which an 
     application is filed for adjustment of status under this 
     section.
       ``(5) Military selective service.--The alien shall provide 
     proof of registration under the Military Selective Service 
     Act (50 U.S.C. App. 451 et seq.), if the alien is subject to 
     such registration on or after the date on which the alien's 
     application for registered provisional immigrant status is 
     granted.
       ``(c) Application Procedures.--
       ``(1) In general.--Beginning on the date described in 
     paragraph (2), a registered provisional immigrant, or a 
     registered provisional immigrant dependent, who meets the 
     eligibility requirements set forth in subsection (b) may 
     apply for adjustment of status to that of an alien lawfully 
     admitted for permanent residence by submitting an application 
     to the Secretary that includes the evidence required, by 
     regulation, to demonstrate the applicant's eligibility for 
     such adjustment.
       ``(2) Back of the line.--The status of a registered 
     provisional immigrant may not be adjusted to that of an alien 
     lawfully admitted for permanent residence under this section 
     until after the Secretary of State certifies that immigrant 
     visas have become available for all approved petitions for 
     immigrant visas that were filed under sections 201 and 203 
     before the date of the enactment of the Border Security, 
     Economic Opportunity, and Immigration Modernization Act.
       ``(3) Interview.--The Secretary may interview applicants 
     for adjustment of status under this section to determine 
     whether they meet the eligibility requirements set forth in 
     subsection (b).
       ``(4) Security and law enforcement clearances.--The 
     Secretary may not adjust the status of a registered 
     provisional immigrant under this section until renewed 
     national security and law enforcement clearances have been 
     completed with respect to the registered provisional 
     immigrant, to the satisfaction of the Secretary.
       ``(5) Fees and penalties.--
       ``(A) Processing fees.--
       ``(i) In general.--The Secretary shall impose a processing 
     fee on applicants for adjustment of status under this section 
     at a level sufficient to recover the full cost of processing 
     such applications, including costs associated with--

       ``(I) adjudicating the applications;
       ``(II) taking and processing biometrics;
       ``(III) performing national security and criminal checks, 
     including adjudication;
       ``(IV) preventing and investigating fraud; and
       ``(V) the administration of the fees collected.

       ``(ii) Authority to limit fees.--The Secretary, by 
     regulation, may--

       ``(I) limit the maximum processing fee payable under this 
     subparagraph by a family, including spouses and children; and
       ``(II) exempt other defined classes of individuals from the 
     payment of the fee authorized under clause (i).

       ``(iii) Deposit and use of fees.--Fees collected under this 
     subparagraph--

       ``(I) shall be deposited into the Immigration Examinations 
     Fee Account pursuant to section 286(m); and
       ``(II) shall remain available until expended pursuant to 
     section 286(n).

       ``(B) Penalties.--
       ``(i) In general.--In addition to the processing fee 
     required under subparagraph (A) and the penalty required 
     under section 245B(c)(6)(D), an alien who was 21 years of age 
     or older on the date on which the Border Security, Economic 
     Opportunity, and Immigration Modernization Act was originally 
     introduced in the Senate and is filing an application for 
     adjustment of status under this section shall pay a $1,000 
     penalty to the Secretary unless the alien meets the 
     requirements under section 245D(b).
       ``(ii) Installments.--The Secretary shall establish a 
     process for collecting payments required under clause (i) 
     through periodic installments.
       ``(iii) Deposit, allocation, and spending of penalties.--
     Penalties collected under this subparagraph--

       ``(I) shall be deposited into the Comprehensive Immigration 
     Trust Fund established under section 6(a)(1) of the Border 
     Security, Economic Opportunity, and Immigration Modernization 
     Act; and
       ``(II) may be used for the purposes set forth in section 
     6(a)(3)(B) of such Act.''.

       (b) Limitation on Registered Provisional Immigrants.--An 
     alien admitted as a registered provisional immigrant under 
     section 245B of the Immigration and Nationality Act, as added 
     by subsection (a), may only adjust status to an alien 
     lawfully admitted for permanent resident status under section 
     245C or 245D of such Act or section 2302.
       (c) Naturalization.--Section 319 (8 U.S.C. 1430) is 
     amended--
       (1) in the section heading, by striking ``AND EMPLOYEES OF 
     CERTAIN NONPROFIT ORGANIZATIONS'' and inserting ``, eMPLOYEES 
     OF CERTAIN NONPROFIT ORGANIZATIONS, AND OTHER LONG-TERM 
     LAWFUL RESIDENTS''; and
       (2) by adding at the end the following:
       ``(f) Any lawful permanent resident who was lawfully 
     present in the United States and eligible for work 
     authorization for not less than 10 years before becoming a 
     lawful permanent resident may be naturalized upon compliance 
     with all the requirements under this title except the 
     provisions of section 316(a)(1) if such person, immediately 
     preceding the date on which the person filed an application 
     for naturalization--
       ``(1) has resided continuously within the United States, 
     after being lawfully admitted for permanent residence, for at 
     least 3 years;
       ``(2) during the 3-year period immediately preceding such 
     filing date, has been physically present in the United States 
     for periods totaling at least 50 percent of such period; and
       ``(3) has resided within the State or in the jurisdiction 
     of the U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services field office 
     in the United States in which the applicant filed such 
     application for at least 3 months.''.

     SEC. 2103. THE DREAM ACT.

       (a) Short Title.--This section may be cited as the 
     ``Development, Relief, and Education for Alien Minors Act of 
     2013'' or the ``DREAM Act 2013''.
       (b) Adjustment of Status for Certain Aliens Who Entered the 
     United States as

[[Page S5377]]

     Children.--Chapter 5 of title II (8 U.S.C. 1255 et seq.) is 
     amended by inserting after section 245C, as added by section 
     2102 of this title, the following:

     ``SEC. 245D. ADJUSTMENT OF STATUS FOR CERTAIN ALIENS WHO 
                   ENTERED THE UNITED STATES AS CHILDREN.

       ``(a) Definitions.--In this section:
       ``(1) Institution of higher education.--The term 
     `institution of higher education' has the meaning given such 
     term in section 102 of the Higher Education Act of 1965 (20 
     U.S.C. 1002), except that the term does not include 
     institutions described in subsection (a)(1)(C) of such 
     section.
       ``(2) Secretary.--The term `Secretary' means the Secretary 
     of Homeland Security.
       ``(3) Uniformed services.--The term `Uniformed Services' 
     has the meaning given the term `uniformed services' in 
     section 101(a)(5) of title 10, United States Code.
       ``(b) Adjustment of Status for Certain Aliens Who Entered 
     the United States as Children.--
       ``(1) Requirements.--
       ``(A) In general.--The Secretary may adjust the status of a 
     registered provisional immigrant to the status of a lawful 
     permanent resident if the immigrant demonstrates that he or 
     she--
       ``(i) has been a registered provisional immigrant for at 
     least 5 years;
       ``(ii) was younger than 16 years of age on the date on 
     which the alien initially entered the United States;
       ``(iii) has earned a high school diploma, a commensurate 
     alternative award from a public or private high school or 
     secondary school, or has obtained a general education 
     development certificate recognized under State law, or a high 
     school equivalency diploma in the United States;
       ``(iv)(I) has acquired a degree from an institution of 
     higher education or has completed at least 2 years, in good 
     standing, in a program for a bachelor's degree or higher 
     degree in the United States; or
       ``(II) has served in the Uniformed Services for at least 4 
     years and, if discharged, received an honorable discharge; 
     and
       ``(v) has provided a list of each secondary school (as that 
     term is defined in section 9101 of the Elementary and 
     Secondary Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 7801)) that the 
     alien attended in the United States.
       ``(B) Hardship exception.--
       ``(i) In general.--The Secretary may adjust the status of a 
     registered provisional immigrant to the status of a lawful 
     permanent resident if the alien--

       ``(I) satisfies the requirements under clauses (i), (ii), 
     (iii), and (v) of subparagraph (A); and
       ``(II) demonstrates compelling circumstances for the 
     inability to satisfy the requirement under subparagraph 
     (A)(iv).

       ``(C) Citizenship requirement.--
       ``(i) In general.--Except as provided in clause (ii), the 
     Secretary may not adjust the status of an alien to lawful 
     permanent resident status under this section unless the alien 
     demonstrates that the alien satisfies the requirements under 
     section 312(a).
       ``(ii) Exception.--Clause (i) shall not apply to an alien 
     whose physical or developmental disability or mental 
     impairment prevents the alien from meeting the requirements 
     such section.
       ``(D) Submission of biometric and biographic data.--The 
     Secretary may not adjust the status of an alien to lawful 
     permanent resident status unless the alien--
       ``(i) submits biometric and biographic data, in accordance 
     with procedures established by the Secretary; or
       ``(ii) complies with an alternative procedure prescribed by 
     the Secretary, if the alien is unable to provide such 
     biometric data because of a physical impairment.
       ``(E) Background checks.--
       ``(i) Requirement for background checks.--The Secretary 
     shall utilize biometric, biographic, and other data that the 
     Secretary determines appropriate--

       ``(I) to conduct national security and law enforcement 
     background checks of an alien applying for lawful permanent 
     resident status under this section; and
       ``(II) to determine whether there is any criminal, national 
     security, or other factor that would render the alien 
     ineligible for such status.

       ``(ii) Completion of background checks.--The Secretary may 
     not adjust an alien's status to the status of a lawful 
     permanent resident under this subsection until the national 
     security and law enforcement background checks required under 
     clause (i) have been completed with respect to the alien, to 
     the satisfaction of the Secretary.
       ``(2) Application for lawful permanent resident status.--
       ``(A) In general.--A registered provisional immigrant 
     seeking lawful permanent resident status shall file an 
     application for such status in such manner as the Secretary 
     may require.
       ``(B) Adjudication.--
       ``(i) In general.--The Secretary shall evaluate each 
     application filed by a registered provisional immigrant under 
     this paragraph to determine whether the alien meets the 
     requirements under paragraph (1).
       ``(ii) Adjustment of status if favorable determination.--If 
     the Secretary determines that the alien meets the 
     requirements under paragraph (1), the Secretary shall notify 
     the alien of such determination and adjust the status of the 
     alien to lawful permanent resident status, effective as of 
     the date of such determination.
       ``(iii) Adverse determination.--If the Secretary determines 
     that the alien does not meet the requirements under paragraph 
     (1), the Secretary shall notify the alien of such 
     determination.
       ``(C) DACA recipients.--The Secretary may adopt streamlined 
     procedures for applicants for adjustment to lawful permanent 
     resident status under this section who were granted Deferred 
     Action for Childhood Arrivals pursuant to the Secretary's 
     memorandum of June 15, 2012.
       ``(3) Treatment for purposes of naturalization.--
       ``(A) In general.--An alien granted lawful permanent 
     resident status under this section shall be considered, for 
     purposes of title III--
       ``(i) to have been lawfully admitted for permanent 
     residence; and
       ``(ii) to have been in the United States as an alien 
     lawfully admitted to the United States for permanent 
     residence during the period the alien was a registered 
     provisional immigrant.
       ``(B) Limitation on application for naturalization.--An 
     alien may not apply for naturalization while the alien is in 
     registered provisional immigrant status, except for an alien 
     described in paragraph (1)(A)(ii) pursuant to section 328 or 
     329.''.
       (c) Exemption From Numerical Limitations.--Section 
     201(b)(1) (8 U.S.C. 1151(b)(1)) is amended--
       (1) by redesignating subparagraph (E) as subparagraph (F); 
     and
       (2) by inserting after subparagraph (D) the following:
       ``(E) Aliens whose status is adjusted to permanent resident 
     status under section 245C or 245D.''.
       (d) Restoration of State Option To Determine Residency for 
     Purposes of Higher Education.--
       (1) Repeal.--Section 505 of the Illegal Immigration Reform 
     and Immigrant Responsibility Act of 1996 (8 U.S.C. 1623) is 
     repealed.
       (2) Effective date.--The repeal under paragraph (1) shall 
     take effect as if included in the original enactment of the 
     Illegal Immigration Reform and Immigrant Responsibility Act 
     of 1996 (division C of Public Law 104-208).
       (e) Naturalization.--Section 328(a) (8 U.S.C. 1439(a)) is 
     amended by inserting ``, without having been lawfully 
     admitted to the United States for permanent resident, and'' 
     after ``naturalized''.
       (f) Limitation on Federal Student Assistance.--
     Notwithstanding any other provision of law, aliens granted 
     registered provisional immigrant status and who initially 
     entered the United States before reaching 16 years of age and 
     aliens granted blue card status shall be eligible only for 
     the following assistance under title IV of the Higher 
     Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 1070 et seq.):
       (1) Student loans under parts D and E of such title IV (20 
     U.S.C. 1087a et seq. and 1087aa et seq.), subject to the 
     requirements of such parts.
       (2) Federal work-study programs under part C of such title 
     IV (42 U.S.C. 2751 et seq.), subject to the requirements of 
     such part.
       (3) Services under such title IV (20 U.S.C. 1070 et seq.), 
     subject to the requirements for such services.

     SEC. 2104. ADDITIONAL REQUIREMENTS.

       (a) In General.--Chapter 5 of title II (8 U.S.C. 1255 et 
     seq.) is amended by inserting after section 245C, as added by 
     section 2102 of this title, the following:

     ``SEC. 245E. ADDITIONAL REQUIREMENTS RELATING TO REGISTERED 
                   PROVISIONAL IMMIGRANTS AND OTHERS.

       ``(a) Disclosures.--
       ``(1) Prohibited disclosures.--Except as otherwise provided 
     in this subsection, no officer or employee of any Federal 
     agency may--
       ``(A) use the information furnished in an application for 
     lawful status under section 245B, 245C, or 245D for any 
     purpose other than to make a determination on any application 
     by the alien for any immigration benefit or protection;
       ``(B) make any publication through which information 
     furnished by any particular applicant can be identified; or
       ``(C) permit anyone other than the sworn officers, 
     employees, and contractors of such agency or of another 
     entity approved by the Secretary to examine any individual 
     application for lawful status under section 245B, 245C, or 
     245D.
       ``(2) Required disclosures.--The Secretary shall provide 
     the information furnished in an application filed under 
     section 245B, 245C, or 245D and any other information derived 
     from such furnished information to--
       ``(A) a law enforcement agency, intelligence agency, 
     national security agency, a component of the Department of 
     Homeland Security, court, or grand jury, consistent with law, 
     in connection with--
       ``(i) a criminal investigation or prosecution of any felony 
     not related to the applicant's immigration status; or
       ``(ii) a national security investigation or prosecution; 
     and
       ``(B) an official coroner for purposes of affirmatively 
     identifying a deceased individual, whether or not the death 
     of such individual resulted from a crime.
       ``(3) Auditing and evaluation of information.--The 
     Secretary may--
       ``(A) audit and evaluate information furnished as part of 
     any application filed under section 245B, 245C, or 245D for 
     purposes of identifying immigration fraud or fraud schemes; 
     and

[[Page S5378]]

       ``(B) use any evidence detected by means of audits and 
     evaluations for purposes of investigating, prosecuting, 
     referring for prosecution, or denying or terminating 
     immigration benefits.
       ``(b) Employer Protections.--
       ``(1) Use of employment records.--Copies of employment 
     records or other evidence of employment provided by an alien 
     or by an alien's employer in support of an alien's 
     application for registered provisional immigrant status under 
     section 245B may not be used in a civil or criminal 
     prosecution or investigation of that employer under section 
     274A or the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 for the prior 
     unlawful employment of that alien regardless of the 
     adjudication of such application or reconsideration by the 
     Secretary of such alien's prima facie eligibility 
     determination. Employers that provide unauthorized aliens 
     with copies of employment records or other evidence of 
     employment pursuant to an application for registered 
     provisional immigrant status shall not be subject to civil 
     and criminal liability pursuant to section 274A for employing 
     such unauthorized aliens.
       ``(2) Limit on applicability.--The protections for 
     employers and aliens under paragraph (1) shall not apply if 
     the aliens or employers submit employment records that are 
     deemed to be fraudulent.
       ``(c) Administrative Review.--
       ``(1) Exclusive administrative review.--Administrative 
     review of a determination respecting an application for 
     status under section 245B, 245C, 245D, or 245F or section 
     2211 of the Agricultural Worker Program Act of 2013 shall be 
     conducted solely in accordance with this subsection.
       ``(2) Administrative appellate review.--
       ``(A) Establishment of administrative appellate 
     authority.--The Secretary shall establish or designate an 
     appellate authority to provide for a single level of 
     administrative appellate review of a determination with 
     respect to applications for, or revocation of, status under 
     sections 245B, 245C, and 245D.
       ``(B) Single appeal for each administrative decision.--
       ``(i) In general.--An alien in the United States whose 
     application for status under section 245B, 245C, or 245D has 
     been denied or revoked may file with the Secretary not more 
     than 1 appeal of each decision to deny or revoke such status.
       ``(ii) Notice of appeal.--A notice of appeal filed under 
     this subparagraph shall be filed not later than 90 days after 
     the date of service of the decision of denial or revocation, 
     unless the delay was reasonably justifiable.
       ``(C) Review by secretary.--Nothing in this paragraph may 
     be construed to limit the authority of the Secretary to 
     certify appeals for review and final administrative decision.
       ``(D) Denial of petitions for dependents.--Appeals of a 
     decision to deny or revoke a petition filed by a registered 
     provisional immigrant pursuant to regulations promulgated 
     under section 245B to classify a spouse or child of such 
     alien as a registered provisional immigrant shall be subject 
     to the administrative appellate authority described in 
     subparagraph (A).
       ``(E) Stay of removal.--Aliens seeking administrative 
     review shall not be removed from the United States until a 
     final decision is rendered establishing ineligibility for 
     status under section 245B, 245C, or 245D.
       ``(3) Record for review.--Administrative appellate review 
     under paragraph (2) shall be de novo and based solely upon--
       ``(A) the administrative record established at the time of 
     the determination on the application; and
       ``(B) any additional newly discovered or previously 
     unavailable evidence.
       ``(4) Unlawful presence.--During the period in which an 
     alien may request administrative review under this 
     subsection, and during the period that any such review is 
     pending, the alien shall not be considered `unlawfully 
     present in the United States' for purposes of section 
     212(a)(9)(B).
       ``(d) Privacy and Civil Liberties.--
       ``(1) In general.--The Secretary, in accordance with 
     subsection (a)(1), shall require appropriate administrative 
     and physical safeguards to protect the security, 
     confidentiality, and integrity of personally identifiable 
     information collected, maintained, and disseminated pursuant 
     to sections 245B, 245C, and 245D.
       ``(2) Assessments.--Notwithstanding the privacy 
     requirements set forth in section 222 of the Homeland 
     Security Act (6 U.S.C. 142) and the E-Government Act of 2002 
     (Public Law 107-347), the Secretary shall conduct a privacy 
     impact assessment and a civil liberties impact assessment of 
     the legalization program established under sections 245B, 
     245C, and 245D during the pendency of the interim final 
     regulations required to be issued under section 2110 of the 
     Border Security, Economic Opportunity, and Immigration 
     Modernization Act.''.
       (b) Judicial Review.--Section 242 (8 U.S.C. 1252) is 
     amended--
       (1) in subsection (a)(2)--
       (A) in subparagraph (B), by inserting ``the exercise of 
     discretion arising under'' after ``no court shall have 
     jurisdiction to review'';
       (B) in subparagraph (D), by striking ``raised upon a 
     petition for review filed with an appropriate court of 
     appeals in accordance with this section'';
       (2) in subsection (b)(2), by inserting ``or, in the case of 
     a decision rendered under section 245E(c), in the judicial 
     circuit in which the petitioner resides'' after 
     ``proceedings''; and
       (3) by adding at the end the following:
       ``(h) Judicial Review of Eligibility Determinations 
     Relating to Status Under Chapter 5.--
       ``(1) Direct review.--If an alien's application under 
     section 245B, 245C, 245D, or 245F or section 2211 of the 
     Agricultural Worker Program Act of 2013 is denied, or is 
     revoked after the exhaustion of administrative appellate 
     review under section 245E(c), the alien may seek review of 
     such decision, in accordance with chapter 7 of title 5, 
     United States Code, before the United States district court 
     for the district in which the person resides.
       ``(2) Status during review.--While a review described in 
     paragraph (1) is pending--
       ``(A) the alien shall not be deemed to accrue unlawful 
     presence for purposes of section 212(a)(9);
       ``(B) any unexpired grant of voluntary departure under 
     section 240B shall be tolled; and
       ``(C) the court shall have the discretion to stay the 
     execution of any order of exclusion, deportation, or removal.
       ``(3) Review after removal proceedings.--An alien may seek 
     judicial review of a denial or revocation of approval of the 
     alien's application under section 245B, 245C, or 245D in the 
     appropriate United States court of appeal in conjunction with 
     the judicial review of an order of removal, deportation, or 
     exclusion if the validity of the denial has not been upheld 
     in a prior judicial proceeding under paragraph (1).
       ``(4) Standard for judicial review.--
       ``(A) Basis.--Judicial review of a denial, or revocation of 
     an approval, of an application under section 245B, 245C, or 
     245D shall be based upon the administrative record 
     established at the time of the review.
       ``(B) Authority to remand.--The reviewing court may remand 
     a case under this subsection to the Secretary for 
     consideration of additional evidence if the court finds 
     that--
       ``(i) the additional evidence is material; and
       ``(ii) there were reasonable grounds for failure to adduce 
     the additional evidence before the Secretary.
       ``(C) Scope of review.--Notwithstanding any other provision 
     of law, judicial review of all questions arising from a 
     denial, or revocation of an approval, of an application under 
     section 245B, 245C, or 245D shall be governed by the standard 
     of review set forth in section 706 of title 5, United States 
     Code.
       ``(5) Remedial powers.--
       ``(A) Jurisdiction.--Notwithstanding any other provision of 
     law, the United States district courts shall have 
     jurisdiction over any cause or claim arising from a pattern 
     or practice of the Secretary in the operation or 
     implementation of the Border Security, Economic Opportunity, 
     and Immigration Modernization Act, or the amendments made by 
     such Act, that is arbitrary, capricious, or otherwise 
     contrary to law.
       ``(B) Scope of relief.--The United States district courts 
     may order any appropriate relief in a clause or claim 
     described in subparagraph (A) without regard to exhaustion, 
     ripeness, or other standing requirements (other than 
     constitutionally-mandated requirements), if the court 
     determines that--
       ``(i) the resolution of such cause or claim will serve 
     judicial and administrative efficiency; or
       ``(ii) a remedy would otherwise not be reasonably available 
     or practicable.
       ``(6) Challenges to the validity of the system.--
       ``(A) In general.--Except as provided in paragraph (5), any 
     claim that section 245B, 245C, 245D, or 245E or any 
     regulation, written policy, or written directive, issued or 
     unwritten policy or practice initiated by or under the 
     authority of the Secretary to implement such sections, 
     violates the Constitution of the United States or is 
     otherwise in violation of law is available exclusively in an 
     action instituted in United States District Court in 
     accordance with the procedures prescribed in this paragraph.
       ``(B) Savings provision.--Except as provided in 
     subparagraph (C), nothing in subparagraph (A) may be 
     construed to preclude an applicant under 245B, 245C, or 245D 
     from asserting that an action taken or a decision made by the 
     Secretary with respect to the applicant's status was contrary 
     to law.
       ``(C) Class actions.--Any claim described in subparagraph 
     (A) that is brought as a class action shall be brought in 
     conformity with--
       ``(i) the Class Action Fairness Act of 2005 (Public Law 
     109-2); and
       ``(ii) the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure.
       ``(D) Preclusive effect.--The final disposition of any 
     claim brought under subparagraph (A) shall be preclusive of 
     any such claim asserted by the same individual in a 
     subsequent proceeding under this subsection.
       ``(E) Exhaustion and stay of proceedings.--
       ``(i) In general.--No claim brought under this paragraph 
     shall require the plaintiff to exhaust administrative 
     remedies under section 245E(c).
       ``(ii) Stay authorized.--Nothing in this paragraph may be 
     construed to prevent the court from staying proceedings under 
     this paragraph to permit the Secretary to evaluate an 
     allegation of an unwritten policy or practice or to take 
     corrective action. In determining whether to issue such a 
     stay, the court shall take into account any harm the stay may 
     cause to the claimant.''.
       (c) Rule of Construction.--Section 244(h) of the 
     Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1254a(h)) shall not 
     limit the authority of the Secretary to adjust the status of 
     an

[[Page S5379]]

     alien under section 245C or 245D of the Immigration and 
     Nationality Act, as added by this subtitle.
       (d) Effect of Failure To Register on Eligibility for 
     Immigration Benefits.--Failure to comply with section 
     264.1(f) of title 8, Code of Federal Regulations or with 
     removal orders or voluntary departure agreements based on 
     such section for acts committed before the date of the 
     enactment of this Act shall not affect the eligibility of an 
     alien to apply for a benefit under the Immigration and 
     Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1101 et seq.).
       (e) Clerical Amendment.--The table of contents is amended 
     by inserting after the item relating to section 245A the 
     following:

``Sec. 245B. Adjustment of status of eligible entrants before December 
              31, 2011, to that of registered provisional immigrant.
``Sec. 245C. Adjustment of status of registered provisional immigrants.
``Sec. 245D. Adjustment of status for certain aliens who entered the 
              United States as children.
``Sec. 245E. Additional requirements relating to registered provisional 
              immigrants and others.''.

     SEC. 2105. CRIMINAL PENALTY.

       (a) In General.--Chapter 69 of title 18, United States 
     Code, is amended by adding at the end the following:

     ``Sec. 1430. Improper use of information relating to 
       registered provisional immigrant applications

       ``Any person who knowingly uses, publishes, or permits 
     information described in section 245E(a) of the Immigration 
     and Nationality Act to be examined in violation of such 
     section shall be fined not more than $10,000.''.
       (b) Deposit of Fines.--All criminal penalties collected 
     under section 1430 of title 18, United States Code, as added 
     by subsection (a), shall be deposited into the Comprehensive 
     Immigration Reform Trust Fund established under section 
     6(a)(1).
       (c) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections in chapter 
     69 of title 18, United States Code, is amended by adding at 
     the end the following:

``1430. Improper use of information relating to registered provisional 
              immigrant applications.''.

     SEC. 2106. GRANT PROGRAM TO ASSIST ELIGIBLE APPLICANTS.

       (a) Establishment.--The Secretary may establish, within 
     U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services, a program to award 
     grants, on a competitive basis, to eligible nonprofit 
     organizations that will use the funding to assist eligible 
     applicants under section 245B, 245C, 245D, or 245F of the 
     Immigration and Nationality Act or section 2211 of this Act 
     by providing them with the services described in subsection 
     (c).
       (b) Eligible Nonprofit Organization.--The term ``eligible 
     nonprofit organization'' means a nonprofit, tax-exempt 
     organization, including a community, faith-based or other 
     immigrant-serving organization, whose staff has demonstrated 
     qualifications, experience, and expertise in providing 
     quality services to immigrants, refugees, persons granted 
     asylum, or persons applying for such statuses.
       (c) Use of Funds.--Grant funds awarded under this section 
     may be used for the design and implementation of programs 
     that provide--
       (1) information to the public regarding the eligibility and 
     benefits of registered provisional immigrant status 
     authorized under section 245B of the Immigration and 
     Nationality Act and blue card status authorized under section 
     2211, particularly to individuals potentially eligible for 
     such status;
       (2) assistance, within the scope of authorized practice of 
     immigration law, to individuals submitting applications for 
     registered provisional immigrant status or blue card status, 
     including--
       (A) screening prospective applicants to assess their 
     eligibility for such status;
       (B) completing applications and petitions, including 
     providing assistance in obtaining the requisite documents and 
     supporting evidence;
       (C) applying for any waivers for which applicants and 
     qualifying family members may be eligible; and
       (D) providing any other assistance that the Secretary or 
     grantees consider useful or necessary to apply for registered 
     provisional immigrant status or blue card status;
       (3) assistance, within the scope of authorized practice of 
     immigration law, to individuals seeking to adjust their 
     status to that of an alien admitted for permanent residence 
     under section 245C or 245F of the Immigration and Nationality 
     Act; and
       (4) assistance, within the scope of authorized practice of 
     immigration law, and instruction, to individuals--
       (A) on the rights and responsibilities of United States 
     citizenship;
       (B) in civics and civics-based English as a second 
     language; and
       (C) in applying for United States citizenship.
       (d) Source of Grant Funds.--
       (1) Application fees.--The Secretary may use up to 
     $50,000,000 from the Comprehensive Immigration Reform Trust 
     Fund established under section 6(a)(1) to carry out this 
     section.
       (2) Authorization of appropriations.--
       (A) Amounts authorized.--In addition to the amounts made 
     available under paragraph (1), there are authorized to be 
     appropriated such sums as may be necessary for each of the 
     fiscal years 2014 through 2018 to carry out this section.
       (B) Availability.--Any amounts appropriated pursuant to 
     subparagraph (A) shall remain available until expended.

     SEC. 2107. CONFORMING AMENDMENTS TO THE SOCIAL SECURITY ACT.

       (a) Correction of Social Security Records.--
       (1) In general.--Section 208(e)(1) of the Social Security 
     Act (42 U.S.C. 408(e)(1)) is amended--
       (A) in subparagraph (B)(ii), by striking ``or'' at the end;
       (B) in subparagraph (C), by striking the comma at the end 
     and inserting a semicolon;
       (C) by inserting after subparagraph (C) the following:
       ``(D) who is granted status as a registered provisional 
     immigrant under section 245B or 245D of the Immigration and 
     Nationality Act; or
       ``(E) whose status is adjusted to that of lawful permanent 
     resident under section 245C of the Immigration and 
     Nationality Act,''; and
       (D) in the undesignated matter at the end, by inserting ``, 
     or in the case of an alien described in subparagraph (D) or 
     (E), if such conduct is alleged to have occurred before the 
     date on which the alien submitted an application under 
     section 245B of such Act for classification as a registered 
     provisional immigrant'' before the period at the end.
       (2) Effective date.--The amendments made by paragraph (1) 
     shall take effect on the first day of the tenth month that 
     begins after the date of the enactment of this Act.
       (b) State Discretion Regarding Termination of Parental 
     Rights.--
       (1) In general.--A compelling reason for a State not to 
     file (or to join in the filing of) a petition to terminate 
     parental rights under section 475(5)(E) of the Social 
     Security Act (42 U.S.C. 675(5)(E)) shall include--
       (A) the removal of the parent from the United States, 
     unless the parent is unfit or unwilling to be a parent of the 
     child; or
       (B) the involvement of the parent in (including detention 
     pursuant to) an immigration proceeding, unless the parent is 
     unfit or unwilling to be a parent of the child.
       (2) Conditions.--Before a State may file to terminate the 
     parental rights under such section 475(5)(E), the State (or 
     the county or other political subdivision of the State, as 
     applicable) shall make reasonable efforts--
       (A) to identify, locate, and contact (including, if 
     appropriate, through the diplomatic or consular offices of 
     the country to which the parent was removed or in which a 
     parent or relative resides)--
       (i) any parent of the child who is in immigration 
     detention;
       (ii) any parent of the child who has been removed from the 
     United States; and
       (iii) if possible, any potential adult relative of the 
     child (as described in section 471(a)(29));
       (B) to notify such parent or relative of the intent of the 
     State (or the county or other political subdivision of the 
     State, as applicable) to file (or to join in the filing of) a 
     petition referred to in paragraph (1); or
       (C) to reunify the child with any such parent or relative; 
     and
       (D) to provide and document appropriate services to the 
     parent or relative.
       (3) Conforming amendment.--Section 475(5)(E)(ii) of the 
     Social Security Act (42 U.S.C. 675(5)(E)) is amended by 
     inserting ``, including the reason set forth in section 
     2107(b)(1) of the Border Security, Economic Opportunity, and 
     Immigration Modernization Act'' after ``child''.
       (c) Children Separated From Parents and Caregivers.--
       (1) State plan for foster care and adoption assistance.--
     Section 471(a) of the Social Security Act (42 U.S.C. 671(a)) 
     is amended--
       (A) by amending paragraph (19) to read as follows:
       ``(19) provides that the State shall give preference to an 
     adult relative over a nonrelated caregiver when determining a 
     placement for a child if--
       ``(A) the relative caregiver meets all relevant State child 
     protection standards; and
       ``(B) the standards referred to in subparagraph (A) ensure 
     that the immigration status alone of a parent, legal 
     guardian, or relative shall not disqualify the parent, legal 
     guardian, or relative from being a placement for a child;''; 
     and
       (B) in paragraph (32), by striking ``and'' at the end;
       (C) in paragraph (33), by striking the period at the end 
     and inserting ``; and''; and
       (D) by adding at the end the following:
       ``(34) provides that the State shall--
       ``(A) ensure that the case manager for a separated child is 
     capable of communicating in the native language of such child 
     and of the family of such child, or an interpreter who is so 
     capable is provided to communicate with such child and the 
     family of such child at no cost to the child or to the family 
     of such child;
       ``(B) coordinate with the Department of Homeland Security 
     to ensure that parents who wish for their child to accompany 
     them to their country of origin are given adequate time and 
     assistance to obtain a passport and visa, and to collect all 
     relevant vital documents, such as birth certificate, health, 
     and educational records and other information;
       ``(C) coordinate with State agencies regarding alternate 
     documentation requirements for a criminal records check or a 
     fingerprint-based check for a caregiver that

[[Page S5380]]

     does not have Federal or State-issued identification;
       ``(D) preserve, to the greatest extent practicable, the 
     privacy and confidentiality of all information gathered in 
     the course of administering the care, custody, and placement 
     of, and follow up services provided to, a separated child, 
     consistent with the best interest of such child, by not 
     disclosing such information to other government agencies or 
     persons (other than a parent, legal guardian, or relative 
     caregiver or such child), except that the head of the State 
     agency (or the county or other political subdivision of the 
     State, as applicable) may disclose such information, after 
     placing a written record of the disclosure in the file of the 
     child--
       ``(i) to a consular official for the purpose of 
     reunification of a child with a parent, legal guardian, or 
     relative caregiver who has been removed or is involved in an 
     immigration proceeding, unless the child has refused contact 
     with, or the sharing of personal or identifying information 
     with, the government of his or her country of origin;
       ``(ii) when authorized to do so by the child (if the child 
     has attained 18 years of age) if the disclosure is consistent 
     with the best interest of the child; or
       ``(iii) to a law enforcement agency if the disclosure would 
     prevent imminent and serious harm to another individual; and
       ``(E) not less frequently than annually, compile, update, 
     and publish a list of entities in the State that are 
     qualified to provide legal representation services for a 
     separated child, in a language such that a child can read and 
     understand.''.
       (2) Additional information to be included in case plan.--
     Section 475 of such Act (42 U.S.C. 675) is amended--
       (A) in paragraph (1), by adding at the end the following:
       ``(H) In the case of a separated child with respect to whom 
     the State plan requires the State to provide services under 
     section 471(a)(34)--
       ``(i) the location of the parent or legal guardian 
     described in paragraph (9)(A) from whom the child has been 
     separated; and
       ``(ii) a written record of each disclosure to a government 
     agency or person (other than such a parent, legal guardian, 
     or relative) of information gathered in the course of 
     tracking the care, custody, and placement of, and follow-up 
     services provided to, the child.''; and
       (B) by adding at the end the following:
       ``(9) The term `separated child' means an individual who--
       ``(A) has a parent or legal guardian who has been--
       ``(i) detained by a Federal, State, or local law 
     enforcement agency in the enforcement of an immigration law; 
     or
       ``(ii) removed from the United States as a result of a 
     violation of such a law; and
       ``(B) is in foster care under the responsibility of a 
     State.''.
       (3) Effective date.--The amendments made by this subsection 
     shall take effect on the 1st day of the 1st calendar quarter 
     that begins after the 1-year period that begins on the date 
     of the enactment of this Act.
       (d) Preclusion of Social Security Credits for Periods 
     Without Work Authorization.--
       (1) Insured status.--Section 214 of the Social Security Act 
     (42 U.S.C. 414) is amended by adding at the end the following 
     new subsection:
       ``(d) Insured Status.--
       ``(1) In general.--Subject to paragraphs (2) and (3), for 
     purposes of subsections (a) and (b), no quarter of coverage 
     shall be credited for any calendar year--
       ``(A) beginning after December 31, 2003, and before January 
     1, 2014, with respect to an individual who has been granted 
     registered provisional immigrant status pursuant to section 
     245B of the Immigration and Nationality Act; or
       ``(B) beginning after December 31, 2003, and before January 
     1, 2014, in which an individual earned such quarter of 
     coverage while present under an expired nonimmigrant visa,
     unless the Commissioner of Social Security determines, on the 
     basis of information provided to the Commissioner by the 
     individual, that the individual was authorized to be employed 
     in the United States during such quarter.
       ``(2) Exception.--Paragraph (1) shall not apply to an 
     individual who was assigned a social security account number 
     before January 1, 2004.
       ``(3) Attestation of work authorization.--
       ``(A) In general.--For purposes of paragraph (1), if an 
     individual is unable to obtain or produce sufficient evidence 
     or documentation that the individual was authorized to be 
     employed in the United States during a quarter, the 
     individual may submit an attestation to the Commissioner of 
     Social Security that the individual was authorized to be 
     employed in the United States during such quarter and that 
     sufficient evidence or documentation of such authorization 
     cannot be obtained by the individual.
       ``(B) Penalty.--Any individual who knowingly submits a 
     false attestation described in subparagraph (A) shall be 
     subject to the penalties under section 1041 of title 18, 
     United States Code.''.
       (2) Benefit computation.--Section 215(e) of the Social 
     Security Act (42 U.S.C. 415(e)) is amended--
       (A) in paragraph (1), by striking ``and'' at the end;
       (B) in paragraph (2), by striking the period at the end and 
     inserting ``; and''; and
       (C) by adding at the end the following:
       ``(3) in computing the average indexed monthly earnings of 
     an individual, there shall not be counted any wages or self-
     employment income for any year for which no quarter of 
     coverage may be credited to such individual as a result of 
     the application of section 214(d).''.
       (3) Conforming amendment.--Section 223(c)(1) of the Social 
     Security Act (42 U.S.C. 423(c)(1)) is amended in the flush 
     matter at the end by inserting ``the individual does not 
     satisfy the criterion specified in section 214(d) or'' after 
     ``part of any period if''.
       (4) Effective date.--The amendments made by this subsection 
     shall apply to benefit applications filed on or after the 
     date that is 180 days after the date of the enactment of this 
     Act based on the wages or self-employment income of an 
     individual with respect to whom a primary insurance amount 
     has not been determined under title II of the Social Security 
     Act (42 U.S.C. 401 et seq.) before such date.

     SEC. 2108. GOVERNMENT CONTRACTING AND ACQUISITION OF REAL 
                   PROPERTY INTEREST.

       (a) Exemption From Government Contracting and Hiring 
     Rules.--
       (1) In general.--A determination by a Federal agency to use 
     a procurement competition exemption under section 253(c) of 
     title 41, United States Code, or to use the authority granted 
     in paragraph (2), for the purpose of implementing this title 
     and the amendments made by this title is not subject to 
     challenge by protest to the Government Accountability Office 
     under sections 3551 and 3556 of title 31, United States Code, 
     or to the Court of Federal Claims, under section 1491 of 
     title 28, United States Code. An agency shall immediately 
     advise the Congress of the exercise of the authority granted 
     under this paragraph.
       (2) Government contracting exemption.--The competition 
     requirement under section 253(a) of title 41, United States 
     Code, may be waived or modified by a Federal agency for any 
     procurement conducted to implement this title or the 
     amendments made by this title if the senior procurement 
     executive for the agency conducting the procurement--
       (A) determines that the waiver or modification is 
     necessary; and
       (B) submits an explanation for such determination to the 
     Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs of 
     the Senate and the Committee on Homeland Security of the 
     House of Representatives.
       (3) Hiring rules exemption.--Notwithstanding any other 
     provision of law, the Secretary is authorized to make term, 
     temporary limited, and part-time appointments of employees 
     who will implement this title and the amendments made by this 
     title without regard to the number of such employees, their 
     ratio to permanent full-time employees, and the duration of 
     their employment. Nothing in chapter 71 of title 5, United 
     States Code, shall affect the authority of any Department 
     management official to hire term, temporary limited or part-
     time employees under this paragraph.
       (b) Authority To Waive Annuity Limitations.--Section 
     824(g)(2)(B) of the Foreign Service Act of 1980 (22 U.S.C. 
     4064(g)(2)(B)) is amended by striking ``2009'' and inserting 
     ``2017''.
       (c) Authority To Acquire Leaseholds.--Notwithstanding any 
     other provision of law, the Secretary may acquire a leasehold 
     interest in real property, and may provide in a lease entered 
     into under this subsection for the construction or 
     modification of any facility on the leased property, if the 
     Secretary determines that the acquisition of such interest, 
     and such construction or modification, are necessary in order 
     to facilitate the implementation of this title and the 
     amendments made by this title.

     SEC. 2109. LONG-TERM LEGAL RESIDENTS OF THE COMMONWEALTH OF 
                   THE NORTHERN MARIANA ISLANDS.

       Section (6)(e) of the Joint Resolution entitled ``A Joint 
     Resolution to approve the `Covenant to Establish a 
     Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands in Political 
     Union with the United States of America', and for other 
     purposes'', approved March 24, 1976 (48 U.S.C. 1806(e)), as 
     added by section 702 of the Consolidated Natural Resources 
     Act of 2008 (Public Law 110-229; 122 Stat. 854), is amended 
     by adding at the end the following:
       ``(6) Special provision regarding long-term residents of 
     the commonwealth.--
       ``(A) CNMI-only resident status.--Notwithstanding paragraph 
     (1), an alien described in subparagraph (B) may, upon the 
     application of the alien, be admitted as an immigrant to the 
     Commonwealth subject to the following rules:
       ``(i) The alien shall be treated as an immigrant lawfully 
     admitted for permanent residence in the Commonwealth only, 
     including permitting entry to and exit from the Commonwealth, 
     until the earlier of the date on which--

       ``(I) the alien ceases to permanently reside in the 
     Commonwealth; or
       ``(II) the alien's status is adjusted under this paragraph 
     or section 245 of the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 
     U.S.C. 1255) to that of an alien lawfully admitted for 
     permanent residence in accordance with all applicable 
     eligibility requirements.

       ``(ii) The Secretary of Homeland Security shall establish a 
     process for such aliens to apply for CNMI-only permanent 
     resident status during the 90-day period beginning on the 
     first day of the sixth month after the date of the enactment 
     of this paragraph.

[[Page S5381]]

       ``(iii) Nothing in this subparagraph may be construed to 
     provide any alien granted status under this subparagraph with 
     public assistance to which the alien is not otherwise 
     entitled.
       ``(B) Aliens described.--An alien is described in this 
     subparagraph if the alien--
       ``(i) is lawfully present in the Commonwealth under the 
     immigration laws of the United States;
       ``(ii) is otherwise admissible to the United States under 
     the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1101 et seq.);
       ``(iii) resided continuously and lawfully in the 
     Commonwealth from November 28, 2009, through the date of the 
     enactment of this paragraph;
       ``(iv) is not a citizen of the Republic of the Marshall 
     Islands, the Federated States of Micronesia, or the Republic 
     of Palau; and
       ``(v)(I) was born in the Northern Mariana Islands between 
     January 1, 1974 and January 9, 1978;
       ``(II) was, on May 8, 2008, and continues to be as of the 
     date of the enactment of this paragraph, a permanent resident 
     (as defined in section 4303 of title 3 of the Northern 
     Mariana Islands Commonwealth Code, in effect on May 8, 2008);
       ``(III) is the spouse or child (as defined in section 
     101(b)(1) of the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 
     1101(b)(1))), of an alien described in subclauses (I) or 
     (II);
       ``(IV) was, on May 8, 2008, an immediate relative (as 
     defined in section 4303 of title 3 of the Northern Mariana 
     Islands Commonwealth Code, in effect on May 8, 2008, of a 
     United States citizen, notwithstanding the age of the United 
     States citizen, and continues to be such an immediate 
     relative on the date of the application described in 
     subparagraph (A);
       ``(V) resided in the Northern Mariana Islands as a guest 
     worker under Commonwealth immigration law for at least 5 
     years before May 8, 2008 and is presently resident under CW-1 
     status; or
       ``(VI) is the spouse or child (as defined in section 
     101(b)(1) of the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 
     1101(b)(1))), of the alien guest worker described in 
     subclause (V) and is presently resident under CW-2 status.
       ``(C) Adjustment for long term and permanent residents.--
     Beginning on the date that is 5 years after the date of the 
     enactment of the Border Security, Economic Opportunity, and 
     Immigration Modernization Act, an alien described in 
     subparagraph (B) may apply to receive an immigrant visa or to 
     adjust his or her status to that of an alien lawfully 
     admitted for permanent residence.''.

     SEC. 2110. RULEMAKING.

       (a) In General.--Not later than 1 year after the date of 
     the enactment of this Act, the Secretary, the Attorney 
     General, and the Secretary of State separately shall issue 
     interim final regulations to implement this subtitle and the 
     amendments made by this subtitle, which shall take effect 
     immediately upon publication in the Federal Register.
       (b) Application Procedures; Processing Fees; 
     Documentation.--The interim final regulations issued under 
     subsection (a) shall include--
       (1) the procedures by which an alien, and the dependent 
     spouse and children of such alien may apply for status under 
     section 245B of the Immigration and Nationality Act, as added 
     by section 2101 of this Act, as a registered provisional 
     immigrant or a registered provisional immigrant dependent, as 
     applicable, including the evidence required to demonstrate 
     eligibility for such status or to be included in each 
     application for such status;
       (2) the criteria to be used by the Secretary to determine--
       (A) the maximum processing fee payable under sections 
     245B(c)(10)(B) and 245C(c)(5)(A) of such Act by a family, 
     including spouses and unmarried children younger than 21 
     years of age; and
       (B) which individuals will be exempt from such fees;
       (3) the documentation required to be submitted by the 
     applicant to demonstrate compliance with section 245C(b)(3) 
     of such Act; and
       (4) the procedures for a registered provisional immigrant 
     to apply for adjustment of status under section 245C or 245D 
     of such Act, including the evidence required to be submitted 
     with such application to demonstrate the applicant's 
     eligibility for such adjustment.
       (c) Exemption From National Environmental Policy Act.--Any 
     decision by the Secretary concerning any rulemaking action, 
     plan, or program described in this section shall not be 
     considered to be a major Federal action subject to review 
     under the National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 (42 
     U.S.C. 4321 et seq.).

     SEC. 2111. STATUTORY CONSTRUCTION.

       Except as specifically provided, nothing in this subtitle, 
     or any amendment made by this subtitle, may be construed to 
     create any substantive or procedural right or benefit that is 
     legally enforceable by any party against the United States or 
     its agencies or officers or any other person.

                Subtitle B--Agricultural Worker Program

     SEC. 2201. SHORT TITLE.

       This subtitle may be cited as the ``Agricultural Worker 
     Program Act of 2013''.

     SEC. 2202. DEFINITIONS.

       In this subtitle:
       (1) Blue card status.--The term ``blue card status'' means 
     the status of an alien who has been lawfully admitted into 
     the United States for temporary residence under section 2211.
       (2) Agricultural employment.--The term ``agricultural 
     employment'' has the meaning given such term in section 3 of 
     the Migrant and Seasonal Agricultural Worker Protection Act 
     (29 U.S.C. 1802), without regard to whether the specific 
     service or activity is temporary or seasonal.
       (3) Child.--The term ``child'' has the meaning given the 
     term in section 101(b)(1) of the Immigration and Nationality 
     Act (8 U.S.C. 1101(b)(1)).
       (4) Employer.--The term ``employer'' means any person or 
     entity, including any farm labor contractor and any 
     agricultural association, that employs workers in 
     agricultural employment.
       (5) Qualified designated entity.--The term ``qualified 
     designated entity'' means--
       (A) a qualified farm labor organization or an association 
     of employers designated by the Secretary; or
       (B) any other entity that the Secretary designates as 
     having substantial experience, demonstrated competence, and a 
     history of long-term involvement in the preparation and 
     submission of application for adjustment of status under 
     title II of the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 
     1151 et seq.).
       (6) Work day.--The term ``work day'' means any day in which 
     the individual is employed 5.75 or more hours in agricultural 
     employment.

CHAPTER 1--PROGRAM FOR EARNED STATUS ADJUSTMENT OF AGRICULTURAL WORKERS

                     Subchapter A--Blue Card Status

     SEC. 2211. REQUIREMENTS FOR BLUE CARD STATUS.

       (a) Requirements for Blue Card Status.--Notwithstanding any 
     other provision of law, the Secretary, after conducting the 
     national security and law enforcement clearances required 
     under section 245B(c)(4), may grant blue card status to an 
     alien who--
       (1)(A) performed agricultural employment in the United 
     States for not fewer than 575 hours or 100 work days during 
     the 2-year period ending on December 31, 2012; or
       (B) is the spouse or child of an alien described in 
     subparagraph (A) and was physically present in the United 
     States on or before December 31, 2012, and has maintained 
     continuous presence in the United States from that date until 
     the date on which the alien is granted blue card status, with 
     the exception of absences from the United States that are 
     brief, casual, and innocent, whether or not such absences 
     were authorized by the Secretary;
       (2) submits a completed application before the end of the 
     period set forth in subsection (b)(2); and
       (3) is not ineligible under paragraph (3) or (4) of section 
     245B(b) of the Immigration and Nationality Act (other than a 
     nonimmigrant alien admitted to the United States for 
     agricultural employment described in section 
     101(a)(15)(H)(ii)(a) of such Act.
       (b) Application.--
       (1) In general.--An alien who meets the eligibility 
     requirements set forth in subsection (a)(1), may apply for 
     blue card status and that alien's spouse or child may apply 
     for blue card status as a dependent, by submitting a 
     completed application form to the Secretary during the 
     application period set forth in paragraph (2) in accordance 
     with the final rule promulgated by the Secretary pursuant to 
     subsection (e).
       (2) Submission.--The Secretary shall provide that the alien 
     shall be able to submit an application under paragraph (1)--
       (A) if the applicant is represented by an attorney or a 
     nonprofit religious, charitable, social service, or similar 
     organization recognized by the Board of Immigration Appeals 
     under section 292.2 of title 8, Code of Federal Regulations; 
     or
       (B) to a qualified entity if the applicant consents to the 
     forwarding of the application to the Secretary.
       (3) Application period.--
       (A) Initial period.--Except as provided in subparagraph 
     (B), the Secretary may only accept applications for blue card 
     status for a 1-year period from aliens in the United States 
     beginning on the date on which the final rule is published in 
     the Federal Register pursuant to subsection (f), except that 
     qualified nonimmigrants who have participated in the H-2A 
     Program may apply from outside of the United States.
       (B) Extension.--If the Secretary determines, during the 
     initial period described in subparagraph (A), that additional 
     time is required to process applications for blue card status 
     or for other good cause, the Secretary may extend the period 
     for accepting applications for an additional 18 months.
       (4) Application form.--
       (A) Required information.--The application form referred to 
     in paragraph (1) shall collect such information as the 
     Secretary determines necessary and appropriate.
       (B) Family application.--The Secretary shall establish a 
     process through which an alien may submit a single 
     application under this section on behalf of the alien, his or 
     her spouse, and his or her children, who are residing in the 
     United States.
       (C) Interview.--The Secretary may interview applicants for 
     blue card status to determine whether they meet the 
     eligibility requirements set forth in subsection (a)(1).
       (5) Aliens apprehended before or during the application 
     period.--If an alien, who is apprehended during the period 
     beginning on the date of the enactment of this Act and ending 
     on the application period described in

[[Page S5382]]

     paragraph (3), appears prima facie eligible for blue card 
     status, the Secretary--
       (A) shall provide the alien with a reasonable opportunity 
     to file an application under this section during such 
     application period; and
       (B) may not remove the individual until a final 
     administrative determination is made on the application.
       (6) Suspension of removal during application period.--
       (A) Protection from detention or removal.--An alien granted 
     blue card status may not be detained by the Secretary or 
     removed from the United States unless--
       (i) such alien is, or has become, ineligible for blue card 
     status; or
       (ii) the alien's blue card status has been revoked.
       (B) Aliens in removal proceedings.--Notwithstanding any 
     other provision of the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 
     U.S.C. 1101 et seq.)--
       (i) if the Secretary determines that an alien, during the 
     period beginning on the date of the enactment of this section 
     and ending on the last day of the application period 
     described in paragraph (2), is in removal, deportation, or 
     exclusion proceedings before the Executive Office for 
     Immigration Review and is prima facie eligible for blue card 
     status under this section--

       (I) the Secretary shall provide the alien with the 
     opportunity to file an application for such status; and
       (II) upon motion by the Secretary and with the consent of 
     the alien or upon motion by the alien, the Executive Office 
     for Immigration Review shall--

       (aa) terminate such proceedings without prejudice to future 
     proceedings on any basis; and
       (bb) provide the alien a reasonable opportunity to apply 
     for such status; and
       (ii) if the Executive Office for Immigration Review 
     determines that an alien, during the application period 
     described in paragraph (2), is in removal, deportation, or 
     exclusion proceedings before the Executive Office for 
     Immigration Review and is prima facie eligible for blue card 
     status under this section--

       (I) the Executive Office of Immigration Review shall notify 
     the Secretary of such determination; and
       (II) if the Secretary does not dispute the determination of 
     prima facie eligibility within 7 days after such 
     notification, the Executive Office for Immigration Review, 
     upon consent of the alien, shall--

       (aa) terminate such proceedings without prejudice to future 
     proceedings on any basis; and
       (bb) permit the alien a reasonable opportunity to apply for 
     such status.
       (C) Treatment of certain aliens.--
       (i) In general.--If an alien who meets the eligibility 
     requirements set forth in subsection (a) is present in the 
     United States and has been ordered excluded, deported, or 
     removed, or ordered to depart voluntarily from the United 
     States under any provision of this Act--

       (I) notwithstanding such order or section 241(a)(5) of the 
     Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1231(a)(5)), the 
     alien may apply for blue card status under this section; and
       (II) if the alien is granted such status, the alien shall 
     file a motion to reopen the exclusion, deportation, removal, 
     or voluntary departure order, which motion shall be granted 
     unless 1 or more of the grounds of ineligibility is 
     established by clear and convincing evidence.

       (ii) Limitations on motions to reopen.--The limitations on 
     motions to reopen set forth in section 240(c)(7) of the 
     Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1229a(c)(7)) shall 
     not apply to motions filed under clause (i)(II).
       (D) Period pending adjudication of application.--
       (i) In general.--During the period beginning on the date on 
     which an alien applies for blue card status under this 
     subsection and the date on which the Secretary makes a final 
     decision regarding such application, the alien--

       (I) may receive advance parole to reenter the United States 
     if urgent humanitarian circumstances compel such travel;
       (II) may not be detained by the Secretary or removed from 
     the United States unless the Secretary makes a prima facie 
     determination that such alien is, or has become, ineligible 
     for blue card status;
       (III) shall not be considered unlawfully present for 
     purposes of section 212(a)(9)(B) of the Immigration and 
     Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1182(a)(9)(B)); and
       (IV) shall not be considered an unauthorized alien (as 
     defined in section 274A(h)(3) of the Immigration and 
     Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1324a(h)(3))).

       (ii) Evidence of application filing.--As soon as 
     practicable after receiving each application for blue card 
     status, the Secretary shall provide the applicant with a 
     document acknowledging the receipt of such application.
       (iii) Continuing employment.--An employer who knows an 
     alien employee is an applicant for blue card status or will 
     apply for such status once the application period commences 
     is not in violation of section 274A(a)(2) of the Immigration 
     and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1324a(a)(2)) if the employer 
     continues to employ the alien pending the adjudication of the 
     alien employee's application.
       (iv) Effect of departure.--Section 101(g) of the 
     Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1101(g)) shall not 
     apply to an alien granted--

       (I) advance parole under clause (i)(I) to reenter the 
     United States; or
       (II) blue card status.

       (7) Security and law enforcement clearances.--
       (A) Biometric and biographic data.--The Secretary may not 
     grant blue card status to an alien or an alien dependent 
     spouse or child under this section unless such alien submits 
     biometric and biographic data in accordance with procedures 
     established by the Secretary.
       (B) Alternative procedures.--The Secretary shall provide an 
     alternative procedure for applicants who cannot provide the 
     standard biometric data required under subparagraph (A) 
     because of a physical impairment.
       (C) Clearances.--
       (i) Data collection.--The Secretary shall collect, from 
     each alien applying for status under this section, biometric, 
     biographic, and other data that the Secretary determines to 
     be appropriate--

       (I) to conduct national security and law enforcement 
     clearances; and
       (II) to determine whether there are any national security 
     or law enforcement factors that would render an alien 
     ineligible for such status.

       (ii) Prerequisite.--The required clearances described in 
     clause (i)(I) shall be completed before the alien may be 
     granted blue card status.
       (8) Duration of status.--After the date that is 8 years 
     after the date regulations are published under this section, 
     no alien may remain in blue card status.
       (9) Fees and penalties.--
       (A) Standard processing fee.--
       (i) In general.--Aliens who are 16 years of age or older 
     and are applying for blue card status under paragraph (2), or 
     for an extension of such status, shall pay a processing fee 
     to the Department in an amount determined by the Secretary.
       (ii) Recovery of costs.--The processing fee authorized 
     under clause (i) shall be set at a level that is sufficient 
     to recover the full costs of processing the application, 
     including any costs incurred--

       (I) to adjudicate the application;
       (II) to take and process biometrics;
       (III) to perform national security and criminal checks, 
     including adjudication;
       (IV) to prevent and investigate fraud; and
       (V) to administer the collection of such fee.

       (iii) Authority to limit fees.--The Secretary, by 
     regulation, may--

       (I) limit the maximum processing fee payable under this 
     subparagraph by a family, including spouses and unmarried 
     children younger than 21 years of age; and
       (II) exempt defined classes of individuals from the payment 
     of the fee authorized under clause (i).

       (B) Deposit and use of processing fees.--Fees collected 
     pursuant to subparagraph (A)(i)--
       (i) shall be deposited into the Immigration Examinations 
     Fee Account pursuant to section 286(m); and
       (ii) shall remain available until expended pursuant to 
     section 286(n).
       (C) Penalty.--
       (i) Payment.--In addition to the processing fee required 
     under subparagraph (A), aliens who are 21 years of age or 
     older and are applying for blue card status under paragraph 
     (2) shall pay a $100 penalty to the Department.
       (ii) Deposit.--Penalties collected pursuant to clause (i) 
     shall be deposited into the Comprehensive Immigration Reform 
     Trust Fund established under section 6(a)(1).
       (10) Adjudication.--
       (A) Failure to submit sufficient evidence.--The Secretary 
     shall deny an application submitted by an alien who fails to 
     submit--
       (i) requested initial evidence, including requested 
     biometric data; or
       (ii) any requested additional evidence by the date required 
     by the Secretary.
       (B) Amended application.--An alien whose application for 
     blue card status is denied under subparagraph (A) may file an 
     amended application for such status to the Secretary if the 
     amended application--
       (i) is filed within the application period described in 
     paragraph (3); and
       (ii) contains all the required information and fees that 
     were missing from the initial application.
       (11) Evidence of blue card status.--
       (A) In general.--The Secretary shall issue documentary 
     evidence of blue card status to each alien whose application 
     for such status has been approved.
       (B) Documentation features.--Documentary evidence provided 
     under subparagraph (A)--
       (i) shall be machine-readable and tamper-resistant, and 
     shall contain a digitized photograph;
       (ii) shall, during the alien's authorized period of 
     admission, and any extension of such authorized admission, 
     serve as a valid travel and entry document for the purpose of 
     applying for admission to the United States;
       (iii) may be accepted during the period of its validity by 
     an employer as evidence of employment authorization and 
     identity under section 274A(b)(1)(B) of the Immigration and 
     Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1324a(b)(1)(B)); and
       (iv) shall include such other features and information as 
     the Secretary may prescribe.
       (c) Terms and Conditions of Blue Card Status.--

[[Page S5383]]

       (1) Conditions of blue card status.--
       (A) Employment.--Notwithstanding any other provision of 
     law, including section 241(a)(7) of the Immigration and 
     Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1231(a)(7)), an alien with blue 
     card status shall be authorized to be employed in the United 
     States while in such status.
       (B) Travel outside the united states.--An alien with blue 
     card status may travel outside of the United States and may 
     be admitted, if otherwise admissible, upon returning to the 
     United States without having to obtain a visa if--
       (i) the alien is in possession of--

       (I) valid, unexpired documentary evidence of blue card 
     status that complies with subsection (b)(11); or
       (II) a travel document that has been approved by the 
     Secretary and was issued to the alien after the alien's 
     original documentary evidence was lost, stolen, or destroyed;

       (ii) the alien's absence from the United States did not 
     exceed 180 days, unless the alien's failure to timely return 
     was due to extenuating circumstances beyond the alien's 
     control; and
       (iii) the alien establishes that the alien is not 
     inadmissible under subparagraph (A)(i), (A)(iii), (B), or (C) 
     of section 212(a)(3) of the Immigration and Nationality Act 
     (8 U.S.C. 1182(a)(3)).
       (C) Admission.--An alien granted blue card status shall be 
     considered to have been admitted in such status as of the 
     date on which the alien's application was filed.
       (D) Clarification of status.--An alien granted blue card 
     status--
       (i) is lawfully admitted to the United States; and
       (ii) may not be classified as a nonimmigrant or as an alien 
     who has been lawfully admitted for permanent residence.
       (2) Revocation.--
       (A) In general.--The Secretary may revoke blue card status 
     at any time after providing appropriate notice to the alien, 
     and after the exhaustion or waiver of all applicable 
     administrative review procedures under section 245E(c) of the 
     Immigration and Nationality Act, as added by section 2104(a) 
     of this Act, if the alien--
       (i) no longer meets the eligibility requirements for blue 
     card status;
       (ii) knowingly used documentation issued under this section 
     for an unlawful or fraudulent purpose; or
       (iii) was absent from the United States for--

       (I) any single period longer than 180 days in violation of 
     the requirement under paragraph (1)(B)(ii); or
       (II) for more than 180 days in the aggregate during any 
     calendar year, unless the alien's failure to timely return 
     was due to extenuating circumstances beyond the alien's 
     control.

       (B) Additional evidence.--
       (i) In general.--In determining whether to revoke an 
     alien's status under subparagraph (A), the Secretary may 
     require the alien--

       (I) to submit additional evidence; or
       (II) to appear for an interview.

       (ii) Effect of noncompliance.--The status of an alien who 
     fails to comply with any requirement imposed by the Secretary 
     under clause (i) shall be revoked unless the alien 
     demonstrates to the Secretary's satisfaction that such 
     failure was reasonably excusable.
       (C) Invalidation of documentation.--If an alien's blue card 
     status is revoked under subparagraph (A), any documentation 
     issued by the Secretary to such alien under subsection 
     (b)(11) shall automatically be rendered invalid for any 
     purpose except for departure from the United States.
       (3) Ineligibility for public benefits.--An alien who has 
     been granted blue card status is not eligible for any Federal 
     means-tested public benefit (as such term is defined and 
     implemented in section 403 of the Personal Responsibility and 
     Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act of 1996 (8 U.S.C. 1613)).
       (4) Treatment of blue card status.--A noncitizen granted 
     blue card status shall be considered lawfully present in the 
     United States for all purposes while such noncitizen remains 
     in such status, except that the noncitizen--
       (A) is not entitled to the premium assistance tax credit 
     authorized under section 36B of the Internal Revenue Code of 
     1986 for his or her coverage;
       (B) shall be subject to the rules applicable to individuals 
     who are not lawfully present set forth in subsection (e) of 
     such section;
       (C) shall be subject to the rules applicable to individuals 
     who are not lawfully present set forth in section 1402(e) of 
     the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (42 U.S.C. 
     18071(e)); and
       (D) shall be subject to the rules applicable to individuals 
     not lawfully present set forth in section 5000A(d)(3) of the 
     Internal Revenue Code of 1986.
       (5) Adjustment to registered provisional immigrant 
     status.--The Secretary may adjust the status of an alien who 
     has been granted blue card status to the status of a 
     registered provisional immigrant under section 245B of the 
     Immigration and Nationality Act if the Secretary determines 
     that the alien is unable to fulfill the agricultural service 
     requirement set forth in section 245F(a)(1) of such Act.
       (d) Record of Employment.--
       (1) In general.--Each employer of an alien granted blue 
     card status shall annually provide--
       (A) a written record of employment to the alien; and
       (B) a copy of such record to the Secretary of Agriculture.
       (2) Civil penalties.--
       (A) In general.--If the Secretary finds, after notice and 
     an opportunity for a hearing, that an employer of an alien 
     granted blue card status has knowingly failed to provide the 
     record of employment required under paragraph (1) or has 
     provided a false statement of material fact in such a record, 
     the employer shall be subject to a civil penalty in an amount 
     not to exceed $500 per violation.
       (B) Limitation.--The penalty under subparagraph (A) for 
     failure to provide employment records shall not apply unless 
     the alien has provided the employer with evidence of 
     employment authorization provided under subsection (c).
       (C) Deposit of civil penalties.--Civil penalties collected 
     under this paragraph shall be deposited in the Comprehensive 
     Immigration Reform Trust Fund established under section 
     6(a)(1).
       (3) Termination of obligation.--The obligation under 
     paragraph (1) shall terminate on the date that is 8 years 
     after the date of the enactment of this Act.
       (4) Employer protections.--
       (A) Use of employment records.--Copies of employment 
     records or other evidence of employment provided by an alien 
     or by an alien's employer in support of an alien's 
     application for blue card status may not be used in a civil 
     or criminal prosecution or investigation of that employer 
     under section 274A of the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 
     U.S.C. 1324a) or the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 for the 
     prior unlawful employment of that alien regardless of the 
     adjudication of such application or reconsideration by the 
     Secretary of such alien's prima facie eligibility 
     determination. Employers that provide unauthorized aliens 
     with copies of employment records or other evidence of 
     employment pursuant to an application for blue card status 
     shall not be subject to civil and criminal liability pursuant 
     to such section 274A for employing such unauthorized aliens.
       (B) Limit on applicability.--The protections for employers 
     and aliens under subparagraph (A) shall not apply if the 
     aliens or employers submit employment records that are deemed 
     to be fraudulent.
       (e) Rulemaking.--Not later than 1 year after the date of 
     the enactment of this Act, the Secretary, in consultation 
     with the Secretary of Agriculture, shall issue final 
     regulations to implement this chapter.

     SEC. 2212. ADJUSTMENT TO PERMANENT RESIDENT STATUS.

       (a) In General.--Chapter 5 of title II (8 U.S.C. 1255 et 
     seq.) is amended by inserting after section 245E, as added by 
     section 2104 of this Act, the following:

     ``SEC. 245F. ADJUSTMENT TO PERMANENT RESIDENT STATUS FOR 
                   AGRICULTURAL WORKERS.

       ``(a) In General.--Except as provided in subsection (b), 
     and not earlier than 5 years after the date of the enactment 
     of the Border Security, Economic Opportunity, and Immigration 
     Modernization Act, the Secretary shall adjust the status of 
     an alien granted blue card status to that of an alien 
     lawfully admitted for permanent residence if the Secretary 
     determines that the following requirements are satisfied:
       ``(1) Qualifying employment.--Except as provided in 
     paragraph (3), the alien--
       ``(A) during the 8-year period beginning on the date of the 
     enactment of the Border Security, Economic Opportunity, and 
     Immigration Modernization Act, performed not less than 100 
     work days of agricultural employment during each of 5 years; 
     or
       ``(B) during the 5-year period beginning on such date of 
     enactment, performed not less than 150 work days of 
     agricultural employment during each of 3 years.
       ``(2) Evidence.--An alien may demonstrate compliance with 
     the requirement under paragraph (1) by submitting--
       ``(A) the record of employment described in section 2211(d) 
     of the Border Security, Economic Opportunity, and Immigration 
     Modernization Act;
       ``(B) documentation that may be submitted under subsection 
     (e)(4); or
       ``(C) any other documentation designated by the Secretary 
     for such purpose.
       ``(3) Extraordinary circumstances.--
       ``(A) In general.--In determining whether an alien has met 
     the requirement under paragraph (1), the Secretary may credit 
     the alien with not more than 12 additional months of 
     agricultural employment in the United States to meet such 
     requirement if the alien was unable to work in agricultural 
     employment due to--
       ``(i) pregnancy, disabling injury, or disease that the 
     alien can establish through medical records;
       ``(ii) illness, disease, or other special needs of a child 
     that the alien can establish through medical records;
       ``(iii) severe weather conditions that prevented the alien 
     from engaging in agricultural employment for a significant 
     period of time; or
       ``(iv) termination from agricultural employment, if the 
     Secretary determines that--

       ``(I) the termination was without just cause; and
       ``(II) the alien was unable to find alternative 
     agricultural employment after a reasonable job search.

       ``(B) Effect of determination.--A determination under 
     subparagraph (A)(iv), with respect to an alien, shall not be 
     conclusive, binding, or admissible in a separate or 
     subsequent judicial or administrative action or proceeding 
     between the alien and a current

[[Page S5384]]

     or prior employer of the alien or any other party.
       ``(4) Application period.--The alien applies for adjustment 
     of status before the alien's blue card status expires.
       ``(5) Fine.--The alien pays a fine of $400 to the 
     Secretary, which shall be deposited into the Comprehensive 
     Immigration Reform Trust Fund established under section 
     6(a)(1) of the Border Security, Economic Opportunity, and 
     Immigration Modernization Act.
       ``(b) Grounds for Denial of Adjustment of Status.--
       ``(1) In general.--The Secretary may not adjust the status 
     of an alien granted blue card status if the alien--
       ``(A) is no longer eligible for blue card status; or
       ``(B) failed to perform the qualifying employment 
     requirement under subsection (a)(1), considering any amount 
     credited by the Secretary under subsection (a)(3).
       ``(2) Maintenance of waivers of inadmissibility.--The 
     grounds of inadmissibility set forth in section 212(a) that 
     were previously waived for the alien or made inapplicable 
     shall not apply for purposes of the alien's adjustment of 
     status under this section.
       ``(3) Pending revocation proceedings.--If the Secretary has 
     notified the applicant that the Secretary intends to revoke 
     the applicant's blue card status, the Secretary may not 
     approve an application for adjustment of status under this 
     section unless the Secretary makes a final determination not 
     to revoke the applicant's status.
       ``(4) Payment of taxes.--
       ``(A) In general.--An applicant may not file an application 
     for adjustment of status under this section unless the 
     applicant has satisfied any applicable Federal tax liability.
       ``(B) Definition of applicable federal tax liability.--In 
     this paragraph, the term `applicable federal tax liability' 
     means all Federal income taxes assessed in accordance with 
     section 6203 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 since the 
     date on which the applicant was authorized to work in the 
     United States in blue card status.
       ``(C) Compliance.--The applicant may demonstrate compliance 
     with subparagraph (A) by submitting such documentation as the 
     Secretary, in consultation with the Secretary of the 
     Treasury, may require by regulation.
       ``(c) Spouses and Children.--Notwithstanding any other 
     provision of law, the Secretary shall grant permanent 
     resident status to the spouse or child of an alien whose 
     status was adjusted under subsection (a) if--
       ``(1) the spouse or child (including any individual who was 
     a child on the date such alien was granted blue card status) 
     applies for such status;
       ``(2) the principal alien includes the spouse and children 
     in an application for adjustment of status to that of a 
     lawful permanent resident; and
       ``(3) the spouse or child is not ineligible for such status 
     under section 245B.
       ``(d) Numerical Limitations Do Not Apply.--The numerical 
     limitations under sections 201 and 202 shall not apply to the 
     adjustment of aliens to lawful permanent resident status 
     under this section.
       ``(e) Submission of Applications.--
       ``(1) Interview.--The Secretary may interview applicants 
     for adjustment of status under this section to determine 
     whether they meet the eligibility requirements set forth in 
     this section.
       ``(2) Fees.--
       ``(A) In general.--Applicants for adjustment of status 
     under this section shall pay a processing fee to the 
     Secretary in an amount that will ensure the recovery of the 
     full costs of adjudicating such applications, including--
       ``(i) the cost of taking and processing biometrics;
       ``(ii) expenses relating to prevention and investigation of 
     fraud; and
       ``(iii) costs relating to the administration of the fees 
     collected.
       ``(B) Authority to limit fees.--The Secretary, by 
     regulation--
       ``(i) may limit the maximum processing fee payable under 
     this paragraph by a family, including spouses and unmarried 
     children younger than 21 years of age; and
       ``(ii) may exempt individuals described in section 
     245B(c)(10) and other defined classes of individuals from the 
     payment of the fee under subparagraph (A).
       ``(3) Disposition of fees.--All fees collected under 
     paragraph (2)(A)--
       ``(A) shall be deposited into the Immigration Examinations 
     Fee Account pursuant to section 286(m); and
       ``(B) shall remain available until expended pursuant to 
     section 286(n).
       ``(4) Documentation of work history.--
       ``(A) Burden of proof.--An alien applying for blue card 
     status under section 2211 of the Border Security, Economic 
     Opportunity, and Immigration Modernization Act or for 
     adjustment of status under subsection (a) shall provide 
     evidence that the alien has worked the requisite number of 
     hours or days required under subsection (a)(1) of such 
     section 2211 or subsection (a)(3) of this section, as 
     applicable.
       ``(B) Timely production of records.--If an employer or farm 
     labor contractor employing such an alien has kept proper and 
     adequate records respecting such employment, the alien's 
     burden of proof under subparagraph (A) may be met by securing 
     timely production of those records under regulations to be 
     promulgated by the Secretary.
       ``(C) Sufficient evidence.--An alien may meet the burden of 
     proof under subparagraph (A) to establish that the alien has 
     performed the days or hours of work referred to in 
     subparagraph (A) by producing sufficient evidence to show the 
     extent of that employment as a matter of just and reasonable 
     inference.
       ``(f) Penalties for False Statements in Applications.--
       ``(1) Criminal penalty.--Any person who--
       ``(A) files an application for blue card status under 
     section 2211 of the Border Security, Economic Opportunity, 
     and Immigration Modernization Act or an adjustment of status 
     under this section and knowingly and willfully falsifies, 
     conceals, or covers up a material fact or makes any false, 
     fictitious, or fraudulent statements or representations, or 
     makes or uses any false writing or document knowing the same 
     to contain any false, fictitious, or fraudulent statement or 
     entry; or
       ``(B) creates or supplies a false writing or document for 
     use in making such an application,
     shall be fined in accordance with title 18, United States 
     Code, imprisoned not more than 5 years, or both.
       ``(2) Inadmissibility.--An alien who is convicted of a 
     crime under paragraph (1) shall be deemed inadmissible to the 
     United States on the ground described in section 
     212(a)(6)(C)(i).
       ``(3) Deposit.--Fines collected under paragraph (1) shall 
     be deposited into the Comprehensive Immigration Reform Trust 
     Fund established under section 6(a)(1) of the Border 
     Security, Economic Opportunity, and Immigration Modernization 
     Act.
       ``(g) Eligibility for Legal Services.--Section 504(a)(11) 
     of the Departments of Commerce, Justice, and State, the 
     Judiciary, and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 1996 
     (Public Law 104-134; 110 Stat. 1321-55) may not be construed 
     to prevent a recipient of funds under the Legal Services 
     Corporation Act (42 U.S.C. 2996 et seq.) from providing legal 
     assistance directly related to an application for blue card 
     status under section 2211 of the Border Security, Economic 
     Opportunity, and Immigration Modernization Act, to an 
     individual who has been granted blue card status, or for an 
     application for an adjustment of status under this section.
       ``(h) Administrative and Judicial Review.--Aliens applying 
     for blue card status under section 2211 of the Border 
     Security, Economic Opportunity, and Immigration Modernization 
     Act or adjustment to permanent resident status under this 
     section shall be entitled to the rights and subject to the 
     conditions applicable to other classes of aliens under 
     sections 242(h) and 245E.
       ``(i) Applicability of Other Provisions.--The provisions 
     set forth in section 245E which are applicable to aliens 
     described in section 245B, 245C, and 245D shall apply to 
     aliens applying for blue card status under section 2211 of 
     the Border Security, Economic Opportunity, and Immigration 
     Modernization Act or adjustment to permanent resident status 
     under this section.
       ``(j) Limitation on Blue Card Status.--An alien granted 
     blue card status under section 2211 of the Border Security, 
     Economic Opportunity, and Immigration Modernization Act may 
     only adjust status to an alien lawfully admitted for 
     permanent residence under this section, section 245C of this 
     Act, or section 2302 of the Border Security, Economic 
     Opportunity, and Immigration Modernization Act.
       ``(k) Definitions.--In this section:
       ``(1) Blue card status.--The term `blue card status' means 
     the status of an alien who has been lawfully admitted into 
     the United States for temporary residence under section 2211 
     of the Border Security, Economic Opportunity, and Immigration 
     Modernization Act.
       ``(2) Agricultural employment.--The term `agricultural 
     employment' has the meaning given such term in section 3 of 
     the Migrant and Seasonal Agricultural Worker Protection Act 
     (29 U.S.C. 1802), without regard to whether the specific 
     service or activity is temporary or seasonal.
       ``(3) Employer.--The term `employer' means any person or 
     entity, including any farm labor contractor and any 
     agricultural association, that employs workers in 
     agricultural employment.
       ``(4) Work day.--The term `work day' means any day in which 
     the individual is employed 5.75 or more hours in agricultural 
     employment.''.
       (b) Conforming Amendment.--Section 201(b)(1) (8 U.S.C. 
     1151(b)(1)), as amended by section 2103(c), is further 
     amended by adding at the end the following:
       ``(G) Aliens granted lawful permanent resident status under 
     section 245F.''.
       (c) Clerical Amendment.--The table of contents, as amended 
     by section 2104(e), is further amended by inserting after the 
     item relating to section 245E the following:

``Sec. 245F. Adjustment to permanent resident status for agricultural 
              workers.''.

     SEC. 2213. USE OF INFORMATION.

       Beginning not later than the first day of the application 
     period described in section 2211(b)(3), the Secretary, in 
     cooperation with qualified designated entities, shall broadly 
     disseminate information respecting the benefits that aliens 
     may receive under this subchapter and the requirements that 
     an alien is required to meet to receive such benefits.

     SEC. 2214. REPORTS ON BLUE CARDS.

       Not later than September 30, 2013, and annually thereafter 
     for the next 8 years, the Secretary shall submit a report to 
     Congress that identifies, for the previous fiscal year--

[[Page S5385]]

       (1) the number of aliens who applied for blue card status;
       (2) the number of aliens who were granted blue card status;
       (3) the number of aliens who applied for an adjustment of 
     status pursuant to section 245F(a) of the Immigration and 
     Nationality Act, as added by section 2212; and
       (4) the number of aliens who received an adjustment of 
     status pursuant such section 245F(a).

     SEC. 2215. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

       There are authorized to be appropriated to the Secretary 
     such sums as may be necessary to implement this subchapter, 
     including any sums needed for costs associated with the 
     initiation of such implementation, for fiscal years 2013 and 
     2014.

          Subchapter B--Correction of Social Security Records

     SEC. 2221. CORRECTION OF SOCIAL SECURITY RECORDS.

       (a) In General.--Section 208(e)(1) of the Social Security 
     Act (42 U.S.C. 408(e)(1)) is amended--
       (1) in subparagraph (B)(ii), by striking ``or'' at the end;
       (2) in subparagraph (C), by inserting ``or'' at the end;
       (3) by inserting after subparagraph (C) the following:
       ``(D) who is granted blue card status under the 
     Agricultural Worker Program Act of 2013,''; and
       (4) by striking ``1990.'' and inserting ``1990, or in the 
     case of an alien described in subparagraph (D), if such 
     conduct is alleged to have occurred before the date on which 
     the alien was granted blue card status under section 2211(a) 
     of the Agricultural Worker Program Act of 2013.''.
       (b) Effective Date.--The amendments made by subsection (a) 
     shall take effect on the first day of the seventh month that 
     begins after the date of the enactment of this Act.

           CHAPTER 2--NONIMMIGRANT AGRICULTURAL VISA PROGRAM

     SEC. 2231. NONIMMIGRANT CLASSIFICATION FOR NONIMMIGRANT 
                   AGRICULTURAL WORKERS.

       Section 101(a)(15) (8 U.S.C. 1101(a)(15)) is amended by 
     adding at the end the following:
       ``(W) an alien having a residence in a foreign country who 
     is coming to the United States for a temporary period--
       ``(iii)(I) to perform services or labor in agricultural 
     employment and who has a written contract that specifies the 
     wages, benefits, and working conditions of such full-time 
     employment in an agricultural occupation with a designated 
     agricultural employer for a specified period of time; and
       ``(II) who meets the requirements under section 218A for a 
     nonimmigrant visa described in this clause; or
       ``(iv)(I) to perform services or labor in agricultural 
     employment and who has an offer of full-time employment in an 
     agricultural occupation from a designated agricultural 
     employer for such employment and is not described in clause 
     (i); and
       ``(II) who meets the requirements under section 218A for a 
     nonimmigrant visa described in this clause.''.

     SEC. 2232. ESTABLISHMENT OF NONIMMIGRANT AGRICULTURAL WORKER 
                   PROGRAM.

       (a) In General.--Chapter 2 of title II (8 U.S.C. 1181 et 
     seq.) is amended by inserting after section 218 the 
     following:

     ``SEC. 218A. NONIMMIGRANT AGRICULTURAL WORKER PROGRAM.

       ``(a) Definitions.--In this section and in clauses (iii) 
     and (iv) of section 101(a)(15)(W):
       ``(1) Agricultural employment.--The term `agricultural 
     employment' has the meaning given such term in section 3 of 
     the Migrant and Seasonal Agricultural Worker Protection Act 
     (29 U.S.C. 1802), without regard to whether the specific 
     service or activity is temporary or seasonal.
       ``(2) At-will agricultural worker.--The term `at-will 
     agricultural worker' means an alien present in the United 
     States pursuant to section 101(a)(15)(W)(iv).
       ``(3) Blue card.--The term `blue card' means an employment 
     authorization and travel document issued to an alien granted 
     blue card status under section 2211(a) of the Agricultural 
     Worker Program Act of 2013.
       ``(4) Contract agricultural worker.--The term `contract 
     agricultural worker' means an alien present in the United 
     States pursuant to section 101(a)(15)(W)(iii).
       ``(5) Designated agricultural employer.--The term 
     `designated agricultural employer' means an employer who is 
     registered with the Secretary of Agriculture pursuant to 
     subsection (e)(1).
       ``(6) Electronic job registry.--The term `Electronic Job 
     Registry' means the Electronic Job Registry of a State 
     workforce agency (or similar successor registry).
       ``(7) Employer.--Except as otherwise provided, the term 
     `employer' means any person or entity, including any farm 
     labor contractor and any agricultural association, that 
     employs workers in agricultural employment.
       ``(8) Nonimmigrant agricultural worker.--The term 
     `nonimmigrant agricultural worker' mean a nonimmigrant 
     described in clause (iii) or (iv) of section 101(a)(15)(W).
       ``(9) Program.--The term `Program' means the Nonimmigrant 
     Agricultural Worker Program established under subsection (b).
       ``(10) Secretary.--Except as otherwise specifically 
     provided, the term `Secretary' means the Secretary of 
     Agriculture.
       ``(11) United states worker.--The term `United States 
     worker' means an individual who--
       ``(A) is a national of the United States; or
       ``(B) is an alien who--
       ``(i) is lawfully admitted for permanent residence;
       ``(ii) is admitted as a refugee under section 207;
       ``(iii) is granted asylum under section 208;
       ``(iv) holds a blue card; or
       ``(v) is an immigrant otherwise authorized by this Act or 
     by the Secretary of Homeland Security to be employed in the 
     United States.
       ``(b) Requirements.--
       ``(1) Employer.--An employer may not employ an alien for 
     agricultural employment under the Program unless such 
     employer is a designated agricultural employer and complies 
     with the terms of this section.
       ``(2) Worker.--An alien may not be employed for 
     agricultural employment under the Program unless such alien 
     is a nonimmigrant agricultural worker and complies with the 
     terms of this section.
       ``(c) Numerical Limitation.--
       ``(1) First 5 years of program.--
       ``(A) In general.--Subject to paragraph (2), the worldwide 
     level of visas for nonimmigrant agricultural workers for the 
     fiscal year during which the first visa is issued to a 
     nonimmigrant agricultural worker and for each of the 
     following 4 fiscal years shall be equal to--
       ``(i) 112,333; and
       ``(ii) the numerical adjustment made by the Secretary for 
     such fiscal year in accordance with paragraph (2).
       ``(B) Quarterly allocation.--The annual allocation of visas 
     described in subparagraph (A) shall be evenly allocated 
     between the 4 quarters of the fiscal year unless the 
     Secretary determines that an alternative allocation would 
     better accommodate the seasonal demand for visas. Any unused 
     visas in a quarter shall be added to the allocation for the 
     subsequent quarter of the same fiscal year.
       ``(C) Effect of 2nd or subsequent designated agricultural 
     employer.--A nonimmigrant agricultural worker who has a valid 
     visa issued under this section that counted against the 
     allocation described in subparagraph (A) shall not be 
     recounted against the allocation if the worker is petitioned 
     for by a subsequent designated agricultural employer.
       ``(2) Annual adjustments for first 5 years of program.--
       ``(A) In general.--The Secretary, in consultation with the 
     Secretary of Labor, and after reviewing relevant evidence 
     submitted by agricultural producers and organizations 
     representing agricultural workers, may increase or decrease, 
     as appropriate, the worldwide level of visas under paragraph 
     (1) for each of the 5 fiscal years referred to in paragraph 
     (1) after considering appropriate factors, including--
       ``(i) a demonstrated shortage of agricultural workers;
       ``(ii) the level of unemployment and underemployment of 
     agricultural workers during the preceding fiscal year;
       ``(iii) the number of applications for blue card status;
       ``(iv) the number of blue card visa applications approved;
       ``(v) the number of nonimmigrant agricultural workers 
     sought by employers during the preceding fiscal year;
       ``(vi) the estimated number of United States workers, 
     including blue card workers, who worked in agriculture during 
     the preceding fiscal year;
       ``(vii) the number of nonimmigrant agricultural workers 
     issued a visa in the most recent fiscal year who remain in 
     the United States in compliance with the terms of such visa;
       ``(viii) the number of United States workers who accepted 
     jobs offered by employers using the Electronic Job Registry 
     during the preceding fiscal year;
       ``(ix) any growth or contraction of the United States 
     agricultural industry that has increased or decreased the 
     demand for agricultural workers; and
       ``(x) any changes in the real wages paid to agricultural 
     workers in the United States as an indication of a shortage 
     or surplus of agricultural labor.
       ``(B) Notification; implementation.--The Secretary shall 
     notify the Secretary of Homeland Security of any change to 
     the worldwide level of visas for nonimmigrant agricultural 
     workers. The Secretary of Homeland Security shall implement 
     such changes.
       ``(C) Emergency procedures.--The Secretary shall establish, 
     by regulation, procedures for immediately adjusting an annual 
     allocation under paragraph (1) for labor shortages, as 
     determined by the Secretary. The Secretary shall make a 
     decision on a petition for an adjustment of status not later 
     than 30 days after receiving such petition.
       ``(3) Sixth and subsequent years of program.--The 
     Secretary, in consultation with the Secretary of Labor, shall 
     establish the worldwide level of visas for nonimmigrant 
     agricultural workers for each fiscal year following the 
     fiscal years referred to in paragraph (1) after considering 
     appropriate factors, including--
       ``(A) a demonstrated shortage of agricultural workers;
       ``(B) the level of unemployment and underemployment of 
     agricultural workers during the preceding fiscal year;
       ``(C) the number of applications for blue card status;

[[Page S5386]]

       ``(D) the number of blue card visa applications approved;
       ``(E) the number of nonimmigrant agricultural workers 
     sought by employers during the preceding fiscal year;
       ``(F) the estimated number of United States workers, 
     including blue card workers, who worked in agriculture during 
     the preceding fiscal year;
       ``(G) the number of nonimmigrant agricultural workers 
     issued a visa in the most recent fiscal year who remain in 
     the United States in compliance with the terms of such visa;
       ``(H) the number of United States workers who accepted jobs 
     offered by employers using the Electronic Job Registry during 
     the preceding fiscal year;
       ``(I) any growth or contraction of the United States 
     agricultural industry that has increased or decreased the 
     demand for agricultural workers; and
       ``(J) any changes in the real wages paid to agricultural 
     workers in the United States as an indication of a shortage 
     or surplus of agricultural labor.
       ``(4) Emergency procedures.--The Secretary shall establish, 
     by regulation, procedures for immediately adjusting an annual 
     allocation under paragraph (3) for labor shortages, as 
     determined by the Secretary. The Secretary shall make a 
     decision on a petition for an adjustment of status not later 
     than 30 days after receiving such petition.
       ``(d) Requirements for Nonimmigrant Agricultural Workers.--
       ``(1) Eligibility for nonimmigrant agricultural worker 
     status.--
       ``(A) In general.--An alien is not eligible to be admitted 
     to the United States as a nonimmigrant agricultural worker if 
     the alien--
       ``(i) violated a material term or condition of a previous 
     admission as a nonimmigrant agricultural worker during the 
     most recent 3-year period (other than a contract agricultural 
     worker who voluntarily abandons his or her employment before 
     the end of the contract period or whose employment is 
     terminated by the employer for cause);
       ``(ii) has not obtained successful clearance of any 
     security and criminal background checks required by the 
     Secretary of Homeland Security or any other examination 
     required under this Act; or
       ``(iii)(I) departed from the United States while subject to 
     an order of exclusion, deportation, or removal, or pursuant 
     to an order of voluntary departure; and
       ``(II)(aa) is outside of the United States; or
       ``(bb) has reentered the United States illegally after 
     December 31, 2012, without receiving consent to the alien's 
     reapplication for admission under section 212(a)(9).
       ``(B) Waiver.--The Secretary of Homeland Security may waive 
     the application of subparagraph (A)(iii) on behalf of an 
     alien if the alien--
       ``(i) is the spouse or child of a United States citizen or 
     lawful permanent resident;
       ``(ii) is the parent of a child who is a United States 
     citizen or lawful permanent resident;
       ``(iii) meets the requirements set forth in clause (ii) or 
     (iii) of section 245D(b)(1)(A); or
       ``(iv)(I) meets the requirements set forth in section 
     245D(b)(1)(A)(ii);
       ``(II) is 16 years or older on the date on which the alien 
     applies for nonimmigrant agricultural status; and
       ``(III) was physically present in the United States for an 
     aggregate period of not less than 3 years during the 6-year 
     period immediately preceding the date of the enactment of 
     this section.
       ``(2) Term of stay for nonimmigrant agricultural workers.--
       ``(A) In general.--
       ``(i) Initial admission.--A nonimmigrant agricultural 
     worker may be admitted into the United States in such status 
     for an initial period of 3 years.
       ``(ii) Renewal.--A nonimmigrant agricultural worker may 
     renew such worker's period of admission in the United States 
     for 1 additional 3-year period.
       ``(B) Break in presence.--A nonimmigrant agricultural 
     worker who has been admitted to the United States for 2 
     consecutive periods under subparagraph (A) is ineligible to 
     renew the alien's nonimmigrant agricultural worker status 
     until such alien--
       ``(i) returns to a residence outside the United States for 
     a period of not less than 3 months; and
       ``(ii) seeks to reenter the United States under the terms 
     of the Program as a nonimmigrant agricultural worker.
       ``(3) Loss of status.--
       ``(A) In general.--An alien admitted as a nonimmigrant 
     agricultural worker shall be ineligible for such status and 
     shall be required to depart the United States if such alien--
       ``(i) after the completion of his or her contract with a 
     designated agricultural employer, is not employed in 
     agricultural employment by a designated agricultural 
     employer; or
       ``(ii) is an at-will agricultural worker and is not 
     continuously employed by a designated agricultural employer 
     in agricultural employment as an at-will agricultural worker.
       ``(B) Exception.--Subject to subparagraph (C), a 
     nonimmigrant agricultural worker has not violated 
     subparagraph (A) if the nonimmigrant agricultural worker is 
     not employed in agricultural employment for a period not to 
     exceed 60 days.
       ``(C) Waiver.--Notwithstanding subparagraph (B), the 
     Secretary of Homeland Security may waive the application of 
     clause (i) or (ii) of subparagraph (A) for a nonimmigrant 
     agricultural worker who was not employed in agricultural 
     employment for a period of more than 60 days if such period 
     of unemployment was due to--
       ``(i) the injury of such worker; or
       ``(ii) a natural disaster declared by the Secretary.
       ``(D) Tolling of employment requirement.--A nonimmigrant 
     agricultural worker may leave the United States for up to 60 
     days in any fiscal year while in such status. During the 
     period in which the worker is outside of the United States, 
     the 60-day limit specified in subparagraph (B) shall be 
     tolled.
       ``(4) Portability of status.--
       ``(A) Contract agricultural workers.--
       ``(i) In general.--Except as provided in clause (ii), an 
     alien who entered the United States as a contract 
     agricultural worker may--

       ``(I) seek employment as a nonimmigrant agricultural worker 
     with a designated agricultural employer other than the 
     designated agricultural employer with whom the employee had a 
     contract described in section 101(a)(15)(W)(iii)(I); and
       ``(II) accept employment with such new employer after the 
     date the contract agricultural worker completes such 
     contract.

       ``(ii) Voluntary abandonment; termination for cause.--A 
     contract agricultural worker who voluntarily abandons his or 
     her employment before the end of the contract period or whose 
     employment is terminated for cause by the employer--

       ``(I) may not accept subsequent employment with another 
     designated agricultural employer without first departing the 
     United States and reentering pursuant to a new offer of 
     employment; and
       ``(II) is not entitled to the 75 percent payment guarantee 
     described in subsection (e)(4)(B).

       ``(iii) Termination by mutual agreement.--The termination 
     of an employment contract by mutual agreement of the 
     designated agricultural employer and the contract 
     agricultural worker shall not be considered voluntary 
     abandonment for purposes of clause (ii).
       ``(B) At-will agricultural workers.--An alien who entered 
     the United States as an at-will agricultural worker may seek 
     employment as an at-will agricultural worker with any other 
     designated agricultural employer referred to in section 
     101(a)(15)(W)(iv)(I).
       ``(5) Prohibition on geographic limitation.--A nonimmigrant 
     visa issued to a nonimmigrant agricultural worker--
       ``(A) shall not limit the geographical area within which 
     such worker may be employed;
       ``(B) shall not limit the type of agricultural employment 
     such worker may perform; and
       ``(C) shall restrict such worker to employment with 
     designated agricultural employers.
       ``(6) Treatment of spouses and children.--A spouse or child 
     of a nonimmigrant agricultural worker--
       ``(A) shall not be entitled to a visa or any immigration 
     status by virtue of the relationship of such spouse or child 
     to such worker; and
       ``(B) may be provided status as a nonimmigrant agricultural 
     worker if the spouse or child is independently qualified for 
     such status.
       ``(e) Employer Requirements.--
       ``(1) Designated agricultural employer status.--
       ``(A) Registration requirement.--Each employer seeking to 
     employ nonimmigrant agricultural workers shall register for 
     designated agricultural employer status by submitting to the 
     Secretary, through the Farm Service Agency in the geographic 
     area of the employer or electronically to the Secretary, a 
     registration that includes--
       ``(i) the employer's employer identification number; and
       ``(ii) a registration fee, in an amount determined by the 
     Secretary, which shall be used for the costs of administering 
     the program.
       ``(B) Criteria.--The Secretary shall grant designated 
     agricultural employer status to an employer who submits a 
     registration for such status that includes--
       ``(i) documentation that the employer is engaged in 
     agriculture;
       ``(ii) the estimated number of nonimmigrant agricultural 
     workers the employer will need each year;
       ``(iii) the anticipated periods during which the employer 
     will need such workers; and
       ``(iv) documentation establishing need for a specified 
     agricultural occupation or occupations.
       ``(C) Designation.--
       ``(i) Registration number.--The Secretary shall assign each 
     employer that meets the criteria established pursuant to 
     subparagraph (B) with a designated agricultural employer 
     registration number.
       ``(ii) Term of designation.--Each employer granted 
     designated agricultural employer status under this paragraph 
     shall retain such status for a term of 3 years. At the end of 
     such 3-year term, the employer may renew the registration for 
     another 3-year term if the employer meets the requirements 
     set forth in subparagraphs (A) and (B).
       ``(D) Assistance.--In carrying out the functions described 
     in this subsection, the Secretary may work through the Farm 
     Service Agency, or any other agency in the Department of 
     Agriculture--

[[Page S5387]]

       ``(i) to assist agricultural employers with the 
     registration process under this paragraph by providing such 
     employers with--

       ``(I) technical assistance and expertise;
       ``(II) internet access for submitting such applications; 
     and
       ``(III) a nonelectronic means for submitting such 
     registrations; and

       ``(ii) to provide resources about the Program, including 
     best practices and compliance related assistance and 
     resources or training to assist in retention of such workers 
     to agricultural employers.
       ``(E) Deposit of registration fee.--Fees collected pursuant 
     to subparagraph (A)(ii)--
       ``(i) shall be deposited into the Immigration Examinations 
     Fee Account pursuant to section 286(m); and
       ``(ii) shall remain available until expended pursuant to 
     section 286(n).
       ``(2) Nonimmigrant agricultural worker petition process.--
       ``(A) In general.--Not later than 45 days before the date 
     on which nonimmigrant agricultural workers are needed, a 
     designated agricultural employer seeking to employ such 
     workers shall submit a petition to the Secretary of Homeland 
     Security that includes the employer's designated agricultural 
     employer registration number.
       ``(B) Attestation.--An petition submitted under 
     subparagraph (A) shall include an attestation of the 
     following:
       ``(i) The number of named or unnamed nonimmigrant 
     agricultural workers the designated agricultural employer is 
     seeking to employ during the applicable period of employment.
       ``(ii) The total number of contract agricultural workers 
     and of at-will agricultural workers the employer will require 
     for each occupational category.
       ``(iii) The anticipated period, including expected 
     beginning and ending dates, during which such employees will 
     be needed.
       ``(iv) Evidence of contracts or written disclosures of 
     employment terms and conditions in accordance with the 
     Migrant and Seasonal Agricultural Worker Protection Act (29 
     U.S.C. 1801 et seq.), which have been disclosed or provided 
     to the nonimmigrant agricultural workers, or a sample of such 
     contract or disclosure for unnamed workers.
       ``(v) The information submitted to the State workforce 
     agency pursuant to paragraph (3)(A)(i).
       ``(vi) The record of United States workers described in 
     paragraph (3)(A)(iii) on the date of the request.
       ``(vii) Evidence of offers of employment made to United 
     States workers as required under paragraph (3)(B).
       ``(viii) The employer will comply with the additional 
     program requirements for designated agricultural employers 
     described in paragraph (4).
       ``(C) Employment authorization when changing employers.--
     Nonimmigrant agricultural workers in the United States who 
     are identified in a petition submitted pursuant to 
     subparagraph (A) and are in lawful status may commence 
     employment with their designated agricultural employer after 
     such employer has submitted such petition to the Secretary of 
     Homeland Security.
       ``(D) Review.--The Secretary of Homeland Security shall 
     review each petition submitted by designated agricultural 
     employers under this paragraph for completeness or obvious 
     inaccuracies. Unless the Secretary of Homeland Security 
     determines that the petition is incomplete or obviously 
     inaccurate, the Secretary shall accept the petition. The 
     Secretary shall establish a procedure for the processing of 
     petitions filed under this subsection. Not later than 7 
     working days after the date of the filing, the Secretary, by 
     electronic or other means assuring expedited delivery, shall 
     submit a copy of notice of approval or denial of the petition 
     to the petitioner and, in the case of approved petitions, to 
     the appropriate immigration officer at the port of entry or 
     United States consulate, as appropriate, if the petitioner 
     has indicated that the alien beneficiary or beneficiaries 
     will apply for a visa or admission to the United States.
       ``(3) Employment of united states workers.--
       ``(A) Recruitment.--
       ``(i) Filing a job opportunity with local office of state 
     workforce agency.--Not later than 60 days before the date on 
     which the employer desires to employ a nonimmigrant 
     agricultural worker, the employer shall submit the job 
     opportunity for such worker to the local office of the State 
     workforce agency where the job site is located and authorize 
     the posting of the job opportunity on the appropriate 
     Department of Labor Electronic Job Registry for a period of 
     45 days.
       ``(ii) Construction.--Nothing in clause (i) may be 
     construed to cause a posting referred to in clause (i) to be 
     treated as an interstate job order under section 653.500 of 
     title 20, Code of Federal Regulations (or similar successor 
     regulation).
       ``(iii) Record of united states workers.--An employer shall 
     keep a record of all eligible, able, willing, and qualified 
     United States workers who apply for agricultural employment 
     with the employer for the agricultural employment for which 
     the nonimmigrant agricultural nonimmigrant workers are 
     sought.
       ``(B) Requirement to hire.--
       ``(i) United states workers.--An employer may not seek a 
     nonimmigrant agricultural worker for agricultural employment 
     unless the employer offers such employment to any equally or 
     better qualified United States worker who will be available 
     at the time and place of need and who applies for such 
     employment during the 45-day recruitment period referred to 
     in subparagraph (A)(i).
       ``(ii) Exception.--Notwithstanding clause (i), the employer 
     may offer the job to a nonimmigrant agricultural worker 
     instead of an alien in blue card status if--

       ``(I) such worker was previously employed by the employer 
     as an H-2A worker;
       ``(II) such worker worked for the employer for 3 years 
     during the most recent 4-year period; and
       ``(III) the employer pays such worker the adverse effect 
     wage rate calculated under subsection (f)(5)(B).

       ``(4) Additional program requirements for designated 
     agricultural employers.--Each designated agricultural 
     employer shall comply with the following requirements:
       ``(A) No displacement of united states workers.--
       ``(i) In general.--The employer shall not displace a United 
     States worker employed by the employer, other than for good 
     cause, during the period of employment of the nonimmigrant 
     agricultural worker and for a period of 30 days preceding 
     such period in the occupation and at the location of 
     employment for which the employer seeks to employ 
     nonimmigrant agricultural workers.
       ``(ii) Labor dispute.--The employer shall not employ a 
     nonimmigrant agricultural worker for a specific job for which 
     the employer is requesting a nonimmigrant agricultural worker 
     because the former occupant of the job is on strike or being 
     locked out in the course of a labor dispute.
       ``(B) Guarantee of employment for contract agricultural 
     workers.--
       ``(i) Offer to contract worker.--The employer shall 
     guarantee to offer contract agricultural workers employment 
     for the hourly equivalent of at least 75 percent of the work 
     days of the total period of employment, beginning with the 
     first work day after the arrival of the worker at the place 
     of employment and ending on the expiration date specified in 
     the job offer. In this clause, the term `hourly equivalent' 
     means the number of hours in the work days as stated in the 
     job offer and shall exclude the worker's Sabbath and Federal 
     holidays. If the employer affords the contract agricultural 
     worker less employment than the number of hours required 
     under this subparagraph, the employer shall pay such worker 
     the amount the worker would have earned had the worker worked 
     the guaranteed number of hours.
       ``(ii) Failure to work.--Any hours which the worker fails 
     to work, up to a maximum of the number of hours specified in 
     the job offer for a work day, when the worker has been 
     offered an opportunity to do so, and all hours of work 
     actually performed (including voluntary work in excess of the 
     number of hours specified in the job offer in a work day, on 
     the worker's Sabbath, or on Federal holidays) may be counted 
     by the employer in calculating whether the period of 
     guaranteed employment has been met.
       ``(iii) Contract impossibility.--If, before the expiration 
     of the period of employment specified in the job offer, the 
     services of a contract agricultural worker are no longer 
     required for reasons beyond the control of the employer due 
     to any form of natural disaster, including a flood, 
     hurricane, freeze, earthquake, fire, drought, plant or animal 
     disease or pest infestation, or regulatory drought, before 
     the guarantee in clause (i) is fulfilled, the employer--

       ``(I) may terminate the worker's employment;
       ``(II) shall fulfill the employment guarantee described in 
     clause (i) for the work days that have elapsed from the first 
     work day after the arrival of the worker to the termination 
     of employment;
       ``(III) shall make efforts to transfer the worker to other 
     comparable employment acceptable to the worker; and
       ``(IV) if such a transfer does not take place, shall 
     provide the return transportation required under subparagraph 
     (J).

       ``(C) Workers' compensation.--
       ``(i) Requirement to provide.--If a job referred to in 
     paragraph (3) is not covered by the State workers' 
     compensation law, the employer shall provide, at no cost to 
     the nonimmigrant agricultural worker, insurance covering 
     injury and disease arising out of, and in the course of, such 
     job.
       ``(ii) Benefits.--The insurance required to be provided 
     under clause (i) shall provide benefits at least equal to 
     those provided under and pursuant to the State workers' 
     compensation law for comparable employment.
       ``(D) Prohibition for use for nonagricultural services.--
     The employer may not employ a nonimmigrant agricultural 
     worker for employment other than agricultural employment.
       ``(E) Wages.--The employer shall pay not less than the wage 
     required under subsection (f).
       ``(F) Deduction of wages.--The employer shall make only 
     deductions from a nonimmigrant agricultural worker's wages 
     that are authorized by law and are reasonable and customary 
     in the occupation and area of employment of such worker.
       ``(G) Requirement to provide housing or a housing 
     allowance.--
       ``(i) In general.--Except as provided in clauses (iv) and 
     (v), a designated agricultural employer shall offer to 
     provide a nonimmigrant agricultural worker with housing at no 
     cost in accordance with clause (ii) or (iii).

[[Page S5388]]

       ``(ii) Housing.--An employer may provide housing to a 
     nonimmigrant agricultural worker that meets--

       ``(I) applicable Federal standards for temporary labor 
     camps; or
       ``(II) applicable local standards (or, in the absence of 
     applicable local standards, State standards) for rental or 
     public accommodation housing or other substantially similar 
     class of habitation.

       ``(iii) Housing payments.--

       ``(I) Public housing.--If the employer arranges public 
     housing for nonimmigrant agricultural workers through a 
     State, county, or local government program and such public 
     housing units normally require payments from tenants, such 
     payments shall be made by the employer directly to the 
     landlord.
       ``(II) Deposits.--Deposits for bedding or other similar 
     incidentals related to housing shall not be collected from 
     workers by employers who provide housing for such workers.
       ``(III) Damages.--The employer may require any worker who 
     is responsible for damage to housing that did not result from 
     normal wear and tear related to habitation to reimburse the 
     employer for the reasonable cost of repairing such damage.

       ``(iv) Housing allowance alternative.--

       ``(I) In general.--The employer may provide a reasonable 
     housing allowance instead of providing housing under clause 
     (i). Upon the request of a worker seeking assistance in 
     locating housing, the employer shall make a good faith effort 
     to assist the worker in identifying and locating housing in 
     the area of intended employment. An employer who offers a 
     housing allowance to a worker or assists a worker in locating 
     housing, which the worker occupies, shall not be deemed a 
     housing provider under section 203 of the Migrant and 
     Seasonal Agricultural Worker Protection Act (29 U.S.C. 1823) 
     solely by virtue of providing such housing allowance. No 
     housing allowance may be used for housing that is owned or 
     controlled by the employer.
       ``(II) Certification requirement.--Contract agricultural 
     workers may only be provided a housing allowance if the 
     Governor of the State in which the place of employment is 
     located certifies to the Secretary that there is adequate 
     housing available in the area of intended employment for 
     migrant farm workers and contract agricultural workers who 
     are seeking temporary housing while employed in agricultural 
     work. Such certification shall expire after 3 years unless 
     renewed by the Governor of the State.
       ``(III) Amount of allowance.--

       ``(aa) Nonmetropolitan counties.--If the place of 
     employment of the workers provided an allowance under this 
     clause is a nonmetropolitan county, the amount of the housing 
     allowance under this clause shall be equal to the average 
     fair market rental for existing housing in nonmetropolitan 
     counties in the State in which the place of employment is 
     located, as established by the Secretary of Housing and Urban 
     Development pursuant to section 8(c) of the United States 
     Housing Act of 1937 (42 U.S.C. 1437f(c)), based on a 2-
     bedroom dwelling unit and an assumption of 2 persons per 
     bedroom.
       ``(bb) Metropolitan counties.--If the place of employment 
     of the workers provided an allowance under this clause is a 
     metropolitan county, the amount of the housing allowance 
     under this clause shall be equal to the average fair market 
     rental for existing housing in metropolitan counties in the 
     State in which the place of employment is located, as 
     established by the Secretary of Housing and Urban Development 
     pursuant to section 8(c) of the United States Housing Act of 
     1937 (42 U.S.C. 1437f(c)), based on a 2-bedroom dwelling unit 
     and an assumption of 2 persons per bedroom.
       ``(v) Exception for commuting workers.--Nothing in this 
     subparagraph may be construed to require an employer to 
     provide housing or a housing allowance to workers who reside 
     outside of the United States if their place of residence is 
     within normal commuting distance and the job site is within 
     50 miles of an international land border of the United 
     States.
       ``(H) Worksite transportation for contract workers.--During 
     the period a designated agricultural employer employs a 
     contract agricultural worker, such employer shall, at the 
     employer's option, provide or reimburse the contract 
     agricultural worker for the cost of daily transportation from 
     the contract worker's living quarters to the contract 
     agricultural worker's place of employment.
       ``(I) Reimbursement of transportation to the place of 
     employment.--
       ``(i) In general.--A nonimmigrant agricultural worker shall 
     be reimbursed by the first employer for the cost of the 
     worker's transportation and subsistence from the place from 
     which the worker came from to the place of first employment.
       ``(ii) Limitation.--The amount of reimbursement provided 
     under clause (i) to a worker shall not exceed the lesser of--

       ``(I) the actual cost to the worker of the transportation 
     and subsistence involved; or
       ``(II) the most economical and reasonable common carrier 
     transportation charges and subsistence costs for the distance 
     involved.

       ``(J) Reimbursement of transportation from place of 
     employment.--
       ``(i) In general.--A contract agricultural worker who 
     completes at least 27 months under his or her contract with 
     the same designated agricultural employer shall be reimbursed 
     by that employer for the cost of the worker's transportation 
     and subsistence from the place of employment to the place 
     from which the worker came from abroad to work for the 
     employer.
       ``(ii) Limitation.--The amount of reimbursement required 
     under clause (i) shall not exceed the lesser of--

       ``(I) the actual cost to the worker of the transportation 
     and subsistence involved; or
       ``(II) the most economical and reasonable common carrier 
     transportation charges and subsistence costs for the distance 
     involved.

       ``(f) Wages.--
       ``(1) Wage rate requirement.--
       ``(A) In general.--A nonimmigrant agricultural worker 
     employed by a designated agricultural employer shall be paid 
     not less than the wage rate for such employment set forth in 
     paragraph (3).
       ``(B) Workers paid on a piece rate or other incentive 
     basis.--If an employer pays by the piece rate or other 
     incentive method and requires 1 or more minimum productivity 
     standards as a condition of job retention, such standards 
     shall be specified in the job offer and be no more than those 
     which have been normally required (at the time of the 
     employee's first application for designated employer status) 
     by other employers for the activity in the geographic area of 
     the job, unless the Secretary approves a higher standard.
       ``(2) Job categories.--
       ``(A) In general.--For purposes of paragraph (1), each 
     nonimmigrant agricultural worker employed by such employer 
     shall be assigned to 1 of the following standard occupational 
     classifications, as defined by the Bureau of Labor 
     Statistics:
       ``(i) First-Line Supervisors of Farming, Fishing, and 
     Forestry Workers (45-1011).
       ``(ii) Animal Breeders (45-2021).
       ``(iii) Graders and Sorters, Agricultural Products (45-
     2041).
       ``(iv) Agricultural equipment operator (45-2091).
       ``(v) Farmworkers and Laborers, Crop, Nursery, and 
     Greenhouse (45-2092).
       ``(vi) Farmworkers, Farm, Ranch and Aquacultural Animals 
     (45-2093).
       ``(B) Determination of classification.--A nonimmigrant 
     agricultural worker is employed in a standard occupational 
     classification described in clause (i), (ii), (iii), (iv), 
     (v), or (vi) of subparagraph (A) if the worker performs 
     activities associated with that occupational classification, 
     as specified on the employer's petition, for at least 75 
     percent of the time in a semiannual employment period.
       ``(3) Determination of wage rate.--
       ``(A) Calendar years 2014 through 2016.--The wage rate 
     under this subparagraph for calendar years 2014 through 2016 
     shall be the higher of--
       ``(i) the applicable Federal, State, or local minimum wage; 
     or
       ``(ii)(I) for the category described in paragraph 
     (2)(A)(iii)--

       ``(aa) $9.37 for calendar year 2014;
       ``(bb) $9.60 for calendar year 2015; and
       ``(cc) $9.84 for calendar year 2016;

       ``(II) for the category described in paragraph (2)(A)(iv)--

       ``(aa) $11.30 for calendar year 2014;
       ``(bb) $11.58 for calendar year 2015; and
       ``(cc) $11.87 for calendar year 2016;

       ``(III) for the category described in paragraph (2)(A)(v)--

       ``(aa) $9.17 for calendar year 2014;
       ``(bb) $9.40 for calendar year 2015; and
       ``(cc) $9.64 for calendar year 2016; and

       ``(IV) for the category described in paragraph (2)(A)(vi)--

       ``(aa) $10.82 for calendar year 2014;
       ``(bb) $11.09 for calendar year 2015; and
       ``(cc) $11.37 for calendar year 2016.

       ``(B) Subsequent years.--The Secretary shall increase the 
     hourly wage rates set forth in clauses (i) through (iv) of 
     subparagraph (A), for each calendar year after the calendar 
     years described in subparagraph (A) by an amount equal to--
       ``(i) 1.5 percent, if the percentage increase in the 
     Employment Cost Index for wages and salaries during the 
     previous calendar year, as calculated by the Bureau of Labor 
     Statistics, is less than 1.5 percent;
       ``(ii) the percentage increase in such Employment Cost 
     Index, if such percentage increase is between 1.5 percent and 
     2.5 percent, inclusive; or
       ``(iii) 2.5 percent, if such percentage increase is greater 
     than 2.5 percent.
       ``(C) Agricultural supervisors and animal breeders.--Not 
     later than September 1, 2015, and annually thereafter, the 
     Secretary, in consultation with the Secretary of Labor, shall 
     establish the required wage for the next calendar year for 
     each of the job categories set out in clauses (i) and (ii) of 
     paragraph (2)(A).
       ``(D) Survey by bureau of labor statistics.--Not later than 
     April 15, 2015, the Bureau of Labor Statistics shall consult 
     with the Secretary to expand the Occupational Employment 
     Statistics Survey to survey agricultural producers and 
     contractors and produce improved wage data by State and the 
     job categories set out in clauses (i) through (vi) of 
     subparagraph (A).
       ``(4) Consideration.--In determining the wage rate under 
     paragraph (3)(C), the Secretary may consider appropriate 
     factors, including--
       ``(A) whether the employment of additional alien workers at 
     the required wage will adversely affect the wages and working 
     conditions of workers in the United States similarly 
     employed;
       ``(B) whether the employment in the United States of an 
     alien admitted under section 101(a)(15)(H)(ii)(a) or 
     unauthorized

[[Page S5389]]

     aliens in the agricultural workforce has depressed wages of 
     United States workers engaged in agricultural employment 
     below the levels that would otherwise have prevailed if such 
     aliens had not been employed in the United States;
       ``(C) whether wages of agricultural workers are sufficient 
     to support such workers and their families at a level above 
     the poverty thresholds determined by the Bureau of Census;
       ``(D) the wages paid workers in the United States who are 
     not employed in agricultural employment but who are employed 
     in comparable employment;
       ``(E) the continued exclusion of employers of nonimmigrant 
     alien workers in agriculture from the payment of taxes under 
     chapter 21 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 (26 U.S.C. 
     3101 et seq.) and chapter 23 of such Code (26 U.S.C. 3301 et 
     seq.);
       ``(F) the impact of farm labor costs in the United States 
     on the movement of agricultural production to foreign 
     countries;
       ``(G) a comparison of the expenses and cost structure of 
     foreign agricultural producers to the expenses incurred by 
     agricultural producers based in the United States; and
       ``(H) the accuracy and reliability of the Occupational 
     Employment Statistics Survey.
       ``(5) Adverse effect wage rate.--
       ``(A) Prohibition of modification.--The adverse effect wage 
     rates in effect on April 15, 2013, for nonimmigrants admitted 
     under 101(a)(15)(H)(ii)(a)--
       ``(i) shall remain in effect until the date described in 
     section 2233 of the Agricultural Worker Program Act of 2013; 
     and
       ``(ii) may not be modified except as provided in 
     subparagraph (B).
       ``(B) Exception.--Until the Secretary establishes the wage 
     rates required under paragraph (3)(C), the adverse effect 
     wage rates in effect on the date of the enactment of the 
     Agricultural Worker Program Act of 2013 shall be--
       ``(i) deemed to be such wage rates; and
       ``(ii) after September 1, 2015, adjusted annually in 
     accordance with paragraph (3)(B).
       ``(C) Nonpayment of fica and futa taxes.--An employer 
     employing nonimmigrant agricultural workers shall not be 
     required to pay and withhold from such workers--
       ``(i) the tax required under section 3101 of the Internal 
     Revenue Code of 1986; or
       ``(ii) the tax required under section 3301 of the Internal 
     Revenue Code of 1986.
       ``(6) Preferential treatment of aliens prohibited.--
       ``(A) In general.--Except as provided in subparagraph (B), 
     employers seeking to hire United States workers shall offer 
     the United States workers not less than the same benefits, 
     wages, and working conditions that the employer is offering, 
     intends to offer, or will provide to nonimmigrant 
     agricultural workers. No job offer may impose on United 
     States workers any restrictions or obligations that will not 
     be imposed on the employer's nonimmigrant agricultural 
     workers.
       ``(B) Exception.--Notwithstanding subparagraph (A), a 
     designated agricultural employer is not required to provide 
     housing or a housing allowance to United States workers.
       ``(g) Worker Protections and Dispute Resolution.--
       ``(1) Equality of treatment.--Nonimmigrant agricultural 
     workers shall not be denied any right or remedy under any 
     Federal, State, or local labor or employment law applicable 
     to United States workers engaged in agricultural employment.
       ``(2) Applicability of the migrant and seasonal 
     agricultural worker protection act.--
       ``(A) Migrant and seasonal agricultural worker protection 
     act.--Nonimmigrant agricultural workers shall be considered 
     migrant agricultural workers for purposes of the Migrant and 
     Seasonal Agricultural Worker Protection Act (29 U.S.C. 1801 
     et seq.).
       ``(B) Eligibility of nonimmigrant agricultural workers for 
     certain legal assistance.--A nonimmigrant agricultural worker 
     shall be considered to be lawfully admitted for permanent 
     residence for purposes of establishing eligibility for legal 
     services under the Legal Services Corporation Act (42 U.S.C. 
     2996 et seq.) on matters relating to wages, housing, 
     transportation, and other employment rights.
       ``(C) Mediation.--
       ``(i) Free mediation services.--The Federal Mediation and 
     Conciliation Service shall be available to assist in 
     resolving disputes arising under this section between 
     nonimmigrant agricultural workers and designated agricultural 
     employers without charge to the parties.
       ``(ii) Complaint.--If a nonimmigrant agricultural worker 
     files a complaint under section 504 of the Migrant and 
     Seasonal Agricultural Worker Protection Act (29 U.S.C. 1854), 
     not later than 60 days after the filing of proof of service 
     of the complaint, a party to the action may file a request 
     with the Federal Mediation and Conciliation Service to assist 
     the parties in reaching a satisfactory resolution of all 
     issues involving all parties to the dispute.
       ``(iii) Notice.--Upon filing a request under clause (ii) 
     and giving of notice to the parties, the parties shall 
     attempt mediation within the period specified in clause (iv).
       ``(iv) 90-day limit.--The Federal Mediation and 
     Conciliation Service may conduct mediation or other 
     nonbinding dispute resolution activities for a period not to 
     exceed 90 days beginning on the date on which the Federal 
     Mediation and Conciliation Service receives a request for 
     assistance under clause (ii) unless the parties agree to an 
     extension of such period.
       ``(v) Authorization of appropriations.--

       ``(I) In general.--Subject to clause (II), there are 
     authorized to be appropriated to the Federal Mediation and 
     Conciliation Service $500,000 for each fiscal year to carry 
     out this subparagraph.
       ``(II) Mediation.--Notwithstanding any other provision of 
     law, the Director of the Federal Mediation and Conciliation 
     Service is authorized--

       ``(aa) to conduct the mediation or other dispute resolution 
     activities from any other account containing amounts 
     available to the Director; and
       ``(bb) to reimburse such account with amounts appropriated 
     pursuant to subclause (I).
       ``(vi) Private mediation.--If all parties agree, a private 
     mediator may be employed as an alternative to the Federal 
     Mediation and Conciliation Service.
       ``(3) Other rights.--Nonimmigrant agricultural workers 
     shall be entitled to the rights granted to other classes of 
     aliens under sections 242(h) and 245E.
       ``(4) Waiver of rights.--Agreements by nonimmigrant 
     agricultural workers to waive or modify any rights or 
     protections under this section shall be considered void or 
     contrary to public policy except as provided in a collective 
     bargaining agreement with a bona fide labor organization.
       ``(h) Enforcement Authority.--
       ``(1) Investigation of complaints.--
       ``(A) Aggrieved person or third-party complaints.--
       ``(i) Process.--The Secretary of Labor shall establish a 
     process for the receipt, investigation, and disposition of 
     complaints respecting a designated agricultural employer's 
     failure to meet a condition specified in subsection (e), or 
     an employer's misrepresentation of material facts in a 
     petition under subsection (e)(2).
       ``(ii) Filing.--Any aggrieved person or organization, 
     including bargaining representatives, may file a complaint 
     referred to in clause (i) not later than 1 year after the 
     date of the failure or misrepresentation, respectively.
       ``(iii) Investigation or hearing.--The Secretary of Labor 
     shall conduct an investigation if there is reasonable cause 
     to believe that such failure or misrepresentation has 
     occurred.
       ``(B) Determination on complaint.--Under such process, the 
     Secretary of Labor shall provide, not later than 30 days 
     after the date on which such a complaint is filed, for a 
     determination as to whether or not a reasonable basis exists 
     to make a finding described in subparagraph (C), (D), (E), or 
     (F). If the Secretary of Labor determines that such a 
     reasonable basis exists, the Secretary of Labor shall provide 
     for notice of such determination to the interested parties 
     and an opportunity for a hearing on the complaint, in 
     accordance with section 556 of title 5, United States Code, 
     within 60 days after the date of the determination. If such a 
     hearing is requested, the Secretary of Labor shall make a 
     finding concerning the matter not later than 60 days after 
     the date of the hearing. In the case of similar complaints 
     respecting the same applicant, the Secretary of Labor may 
     consolidate the hearings under this subparagraph on such 
     complaints.
       ``(C) Failure to meet conditions.--If the Secretary of 
     Labor finds, after notice and opportunity for a hearing, a 
     failure to meet a condition under subsection (e) or (f), or a 
     material misrepresentation of fact in a petition under 
     subsection (e)(2)--
       ``(i) the Secretary of Labor shall notify the Secretary of 
     such finding and may, in addition, impose such other 
     administrative remedies (including civil money penalties in 
     an amount not to exceed $1,000 per violation) as the 
     Secretary of Labor determines to be appropriate; and
       ``(ii) the Secretary may disqualify the designated 
     agricultural employer from the employment of nonimmigrant 
     agricultural workers for a period of 1 year.
       ``(D) Willful failures and willful misrepresentations.--If 
     the Secretary of Labor finds, after notice and opportunity 
     for hearing, a willful failure to meet a condition under 
     subsection (e) or (f) or a willful misrepresentation of a 
     material fact in an registration or petition under paragraph 
     (1) or (2) of subsection (e)--
       ``(i) the Secretary of Labor shall notify the Secretary of 
     such finding and may, in addition, impose such other 
     administrative remedies (including civil money penalties in 
     an amount not to exceed $5,000 per violation) as the 
     Secretary of Labor determines to be appropriate;
       ``(ii) the Secretary of Labor may seek appropriate legal or 
     equitable relief; and
       ``(iii) the Secretary may disqualify the designated 
     agricultural employer from the employment of nonimmigrant 
     agricultural workers for a period of 2 years.
       ``(E) Displacement of united states workers.--If the 
     Secretary of Labor finds, after notice and opportunity for 
     hearing, a willful failure to meet a condition under 
     subsection (e) or (f) or a willful misrepresentation of a 
     material fact in an registration or petition under paragraph 
     (1) or (2) of subsection (e), in the course of which failure 
     or misrepresentation the employer displaced a United States 
     worker employed by the employer during the period of 
     employment on the employer's petition under subsection

[[Page S5390]]

     (e)(2) or during the period of 30 days preceding such period 
     of employment--
       ``(i) the Secretary of Labor shall notify the Secretary of 
     such finding and may, in addition, impose such other 
     administrative remedies (including civil money penalties in 
     an amount not to exceed $15,000 per violation) as the 
     Secretary of Labor determines to be appropriate; and
       ``(ii) the Secretary may disqualify the employer from the 
     employment of nonimmigrant agricultural workers for a period 
     of 3 years.
       ``(F) Failures to pay wages or required benefits.--If the 
     Secretary of Labor finds, after notice and opportunity for a 
     hearing, that the employer has failed to pay the wages, or 
     provide the housing allowance, transportation, subsistence 
     reimbursement, or guarantee of employment required under 
     subsections (e)(4) and (f), the Secretary of Labor shall 
     assess payment of back wages, or other required benefits, due 
     any United States worker or nonimmigrant agricultural worker 
     employed by the employer in the specific employment in 
     question. The back wages or other required benefits required 
     under subsections (e) and (f) shall be equal to the 
     difference between the amount that should have been paid and 
     the amount that actually was paid to such worker.
       ``(G) Disposition of penalties.--Civil penalties collected 
     under this paragraph shall be deposited into the 
     Comprehensive Immigration Reform Trust Fund established under 
     section 6(a)(1) of the Border Security, Economic Opportunity, 
     and Immigration Modernization Act.
       ``(2) Limitations on civil money penalties.--The Secretary 
     of Labor shall not impose total civil money penalties with 
     respect to a petition under subsection (e)(2) in excess of 
     $90,000.
       ``(3) Election.--A nonimmigrant agricultural worker who has 
     filed an administrative complaint with the Secretary of Labor 
     may not maintain a civil action unless a complaint based on 
     the same violation filed with the Secretary of Labor under 
     paragraph (1) is withdrawn before the filing of such action, 
     in which case the rights and remedies available under this 
     subsection shall be exclusive.
       ``(4) Preclusive effect.--Any settlement by a nonimmigrant 
     agricultural worker, a designated agricultural employer, or 
     any person reached through the mediation process required 
     under subsection (g)(2)(C) shall preclude any right of action 
     arising out of the same facts between the parties in any 
     Federal or State court or administrative proceeding, unless 
     specifically provided otherwise in the settlement agreement.
       ``(5) Settlements.--Any settlement by the Secretary of 
     Labor with a designated agricultural worker on behalf of a 
     nonimmigrant agricultural worker of a complaint filed with 
     the Secretary of Labor under this section or any finding by 
     the Secretary of Labor under this subsection shall preclude 
     any right of action arising out of the same facts between the 
     parties under any Federal or State court or administrative 
     proceeding, unless specifically provided otherwise in the 
     settlement agreement.
       ``(6) Statutory construction.--Nothing in this subsection 
     may be construed as limiting the authority of the Secretary 
     of Labor to conduct any compliance investigation under any 
     other labor law, including any law affecting migrant and 
     seasonal agricultural workers, or, in the absence of a 
     complaint under this section.
       ``(7) Discrimination prohibited.--It is a violation of this 
     subsection for any person who has filed a petition under 
     subsection (e) or (f) to intimidate, threaten, restrain, 
     coerce, blacklist, discharge, or in any other manner 
     discriminate against an employee, including a former employee 
     or an applicant for employment, because the employee--
       ``(A) has disclosed information to the employer, or to any 
     other person, that the employee reasonably believes evidences 
     a violation of subsection (e) or (f), or any rule or 
     regulation relating to subsection (e) or (f); or
       ``(B) cooperates or seeks to cooperate in an investigation 
     or other proceeding concerning the employer's compliance with 
     the requirements under subsection (e) or (f) or any rule or 
     regulation pertaining to subsection (e) or (f).
       ``(8) Role of associations.--
       ``(A) Violation by a member of an association.--
       ``(i) In general.--If an association acting as the agent of 
     an employer files an application on behalf of such employer, 
     the employer is fully responsible for such application, and 
     for complying with the terms and conditions of subsection 
     (e). If such an employer is determined to have violated any 
     requirement described in this subsection, the penalty for 
     such violation shall apply only to that employer except as 
     provided in clause (ii).
       ``(ii) Collective responsibility.--If the Secretary of 
     Labor determines that the association or other members of the 
     association participated in, had knowledge of, or reason to 
     know of a violation described in clause (i), the penalty 
     shall also be invoked against the association and complicit 
     association members.
       ``(B) Violations by an association acting as an employer.--
       ``(i) In general.--If an association filing an application 
     as a sole or joint employer is determined to have violated 
     any requirement described in this section, the penalty for 
     such violation shall apply only to the association except as 
     provided in clause (ii).
       ``(ii) Member responsibility.--If the Secretary of Labor 
     determines that 1 or more association members participated 
     in, had knowledge of, or reason to know of the violation 
     described in clause (i), the penalty shall be invoked against 
     all complicit association members.
       ``(i) Special Nonimmigrant Visa Processing and Wage 
     Determination Procedures for Certain Agricultural 
     Occupations.--
       ``(1) Finding.--Certain industries possess unique 
     occupational characteristics that necessitate the Secretary 
     of Agriculture to adopt special procedures relating to 
     housing, pay, and visa program application requirements for 
     those industries.
       ``(2) Special procedures industry defined.--In this 
     subsection, the term `Special Procedures Industry' means--
       ``(A) sheepherding and goat herding;
       ``(B) itinerant commercial beekeeping and pollination;
       ``(C) open range production of livestock;
       ``(D) itinerant animal shearing; and
       ``(E) custom combining industries.
       ``(3) Work locations.--The Secretary shall allow designated 
     agricultural employers in a Special Procedures Industry that 
     do not operate in a single fixed-site location to provide, as 
     part of its registration or petition under the Program, a 
     list of anticipated work locations, which--
       ``(A) may include an anticipated itinerary; and
       ``(B) may be subsequently amended by the employer, after 
     notice to the Secretary.
       ``(4) Wage rates.--The Secretary may establish monthly, 
     weekly, or biweekly wage rates for occupations in a Special 
     Procedures Industry for a State or other geographic area. For 
     an employer in those Special Procedures Industries that 
     typically pay a monthly wage, the Secretary shall require 
     that workers will be paid not less frequently than monthly 
     and at a rate no less than the legally required monthly cash 
     wage for such employer as of the date of the enactment of the 
     Border Security, Economic Opportunity, and Immigration 
     Modernization Act and in an amount as re-determined annually 
     by the Secretary of Agriculture through rulemaking.
       ``(5) Housing.--The Secretary shall allow for the provision 
     of housing or a housing allowance by employers in Special 
     Procedures Industries and allow housing suitable for workers 
     employed in remote locations.
       ``(6) Allergy limitation.--An employer engaged in the 
     commercial beekeeping or pollination services industry may 
     require that an applicant be free from bee pollen, venom, or 
     other bee-related allergies.
       ``(7) Application.--An individual employer in a Special 
     Procedures Industry may file a program petition on its own 
     behalf or in conjunction with an association of employers. 
     The employer's petition may be part of several related 
     petitions submitted simultaneously that constitute a master 
     petition.
       ``(8) Rulemaking.--The Secretary or, as appropriate, the 
     Secretary of Homeland Security or the Secretary of Labor, 
     after consultation with employers and employee 
     representatives, shall publish for notice and comment 
     proposed regulations relating to housing, pay, and 
     application procedures for Special Procedures Industries.
       ``(j) Miscellaneous Provisions.--
       ``(1) Disqualification of nonimmigrant agricultural workers 
     from financial assistance.--An alien admitted as a 
     nonimmigrant agricultural worker is not eligible for any 
     program of financial assistance under Federal law (whether 
     through grant, loan, guarantee, or otherwise) on the basis of 
     financial need, as such programs are identified by the 
     Secretary in consultation with other agencies of the United 
     States.
       ``(2) Monitoring requirement.--
       ``(A) In general.--The Secretary shall monitor the movement 
     of nonimmigrant agricultural workers through--
       ``(i) the Employment Verification System described in 
     section 274A(b); and
       ``(ii) the electronic monitoring system established 
     pursuant to subparagraph (B).
       ``(B) Electronic monitoring system.--Not later than 2 years 
     after the effective date of this section, the Secretary of 
     Homeland Security, through the Director of U.S. Citizenship 
     and Immigration Services, shall establish an electronic 
     monitoring system, which shall--
       ``(i) be modeled on the Student and Exchange Visitor 
     Information System (SEVIS) and the SEVIS II tracking system 
     administered by U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement;
       ``(ii) monitor the presence and employment of nonimmigrant 
     agricultural workers; and
       ``(iii) assist in ensuring the compliance of designated 
     agricultural employers and nonimmigrant agricultural workers 
     with the requirements of the Program.''.
       (b) Rulemaking.--The Secretary of Agriculture shall issue 
     regulations to carry out section 218A of the Immigration and 
     Nationality Act, as added by subsection (a), not later than 1 
     year after the date of the enactment of this Act.
       (c) Clerical Amendment.--The table of contents is amended 
     by inserting after the item relating to section 218 the 
     following:

``Sec. 218A. Nonimmigrant agricultural worker program.''.

       (d) Effective Date.--The amendments made by this section 
     shall take effect on October 1, 2014.

     SEC. 2233. TRANSITION OF H-2A WORKER PROGRAM.

       (a) Sunset of Program.--

[[Page S5391]]

       (1) In general.--Except as provided in paragraph (2), an 
     employer may not petition to employ an alien pursuant to 
     section 101(a)(15)(H)(ii)(a) of the Immigration and 
     Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1101(a)(15)(H)(ii)(a)) after the 
     date that is 1 year after the date on which the regulations 
     issued pursuant to section 2241(b) become effective.
       (2) Exception.--An employer may employ an alien described 
     in paragraph (1) for the shorter of--
       (A) 10 months; or
       (B) the time specified in the position.
       (b) Conforming Amendments.--
       (1) Repeal of h-2a nonimmigrant category.--Section 
     101(a)(15)(H)(ii) (8 U.S.C. 1101(a)(15)(H)(ii)) is amended by 
     striking subclause (a).
       (2) Repeal of admission requirements for h-2a worker.--
     Section 218 (8 U.S.C. 1188) is repealed.
       (3) Conforming amendments.--
       (A) Amendment of petition requirements.--Section 214(c)(1) 
     (8 U.S.C. 1184(c)(1)) is amended by striking ``For purposes 
     of this subsection'' and all that follows.
       (B) Clerical amendment.--The table of contents is amended 
     by striking the item relating to section 218.
       (4) Effective date.--The amendments made by this subsection 
     shall take effect on the date that is 1 year after the 
     effective date of the regulations issued pursuant to section 
     2241(b).

     SEC. 2234. REPORTS TO CONGRESS ON NONIMMIGRANT AGRICULTURAL 
                   WORKERS.

       (a) Annual Report by Secretary of Agriculture.--Not later 
     than September 30 of each year, the Secretary of Agriculture 
     shall submit a report to Congress that identifies, for the 
     previous year, the number, disaggregated by State and by 
     occupation, of--
       (1) job opportunities approved for employment of aliens 
     admitted pursuant to clause (iii) or clause (iv) of section 
     101(a)(15)(W) of the Immigration and Nationality Act, as 
     added by section 2231; and
       (2) aliens actually admitted pursuant to each such clause.
       (b) Annual Report by Secretary of Homeland Security.--Not 
     later than September 30 of each year, the Secretary shall 
     submit a report to Congress that identifies, for the previous 
     year, the number of aliens described in subsection (a)(2) 
     who--
       (1) violated the terms of the nonimmigrant agricultural 
     worker program established under section 218A(b) of the 
     Immigration and Nationality Act, as added by section 2232; 
     and
       (2) have not departed from the United States.

                      CHAPTER 3--OTHER PROVISIONS

     SEC. 2241. RULEMAKING.

       (a) Consultation Requirement.--In the course of 
     promulgating any regulation necessary to implement this 
     subtitle, or the amendments made by this subtitle, the 
     Secretary, the Secretary of Agriculture, the Secretary of 
     Labor, and the Secretary of State shall regularly consult 
     with each other.
       (b) Deadline for Issuance of Regulations.--Except as 
     provided in section 2232(b), all regulations to implement 
     this subtitle and the amendments made by this subtitle shall 
     be issued not later than 6 months after the date of the 
     enactment of this Act.

     SEC. 2242. REPORTS TO CONGRESS.

       Not later than 180 days after the date of the enactment of 
     this Act, the Secretary and the Secretary of Agriculture 
     shall jointly submit a report to Congress that describes the 
     measures being taken and the progress made in implementing 
     this subtitle and the amendments made by this subtitle.

     SEC. 2243. BENEFITS INTEGRITY PROGRAMS.

       (a) In General.--Without regard to whether personal 
     interviews are conducted in the adjudication of benefits 
     provided for by section 210A, 218A, 245B, 245C, 245D, 245E, 
     or 245F of the Immigration and Nationality Act, or in seeking 
     a benefit under section 101(a)(15)(U) of the Immigration and 
     Nationality Act, section 1242 of the Refugee Crisis in Iraq 
     Act of 2007 (8 U.S.C. 1157 note), section 602(b) of the 
     Afghan Allies Protection Act of 2009 (8 U.S.C. 1101 note), or 
     section 2211 of this Act, the Secretary shall uphold and 
     maintain the integrity of those benefits by carrying out for 
     each of them, within the Fraud Detection and National 
     Security Directorate of U.S. Citizenship and Immigration 
     Services, programs as follows:
       (1) A benefit fraud assessment program to quantify fraud 
     rates, detect ongoing fraud trends, and develop appropriate 
     countermeasures, including through a random sample of both 
     pending and completed cases.
       (2) A compliance review program, including site visits, to 
     identify frauds and deter fraudulent and illegal activities.
       (b) Reports.--
       (1) In general.--Not later than 90 days after the date of 
     the enactment of this Act, U.S. Citizenship and Immigration 
     Services shall annually submit to Congress a report on the 
     programs carried out pursuant to subsection (a).
       (2) Elements in first report.--The initial report submitted 
     under paragraph (1) shall include the methodologies to be 
     used by the Fraud Detection and National Security Directorate 
     for each of the programs specified in paragraphs (1) and (2) 
     of subsection (a).
       (3) Elements in subsequent reports.--Each subsequent report 
     under paragraph (1) shall include, for the calendar year 
     covered by such report, a descriptions of examples of fraud 
     detected, fraud rates for programs and types of applicants, 
     and a description of the disposition of the cases in which 
     fraud was detected or suspected.
       (c) Use of Findings of Fraud.--Any instance of fraud or 
     abuse detected pursuant to a program carried out pursuant to 
     subsection (a) may be used to deny or revoke benefits, and 
     may also be referred to U.S. Immigration and Customs 
     Enforcement for investigation of criminal violations of 
     section 266 of the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 
     1306).
       (d) Funding.--There are authorized to be appropriated, from 
     the Comprehensive Immigration Reform Trust Fund established 
     under section 6(a)(1), such sums as may be necessary to carry 
     out this section.

     SEC. 2244. EFFECTIVE DATE.

       This subtitle and the amendments made by this subtitle, 
     except for sections 2231, 2232, and 2233, shall take effect 
     on the date on which the regulations required under section 
     2241 are issued, regardless of whether such regulations are 
     issued on an interim basis or on any other basis.

                     Subtitle C--Future Immigration

     SEC. 2301. MERIT-BASED POINTS TRACK ONE.

       (a) In General.--
       (1) Worldwide level of merit-based immigrants.--Section 
     201(e) (8 U.S.C. 1151(e)) is amended to read as follows:
       ``(e) Worldwide Level of Merit-based Immigrants.--
       ``(1) In general.--
       ``(A) Numerical limitation.--Subject to paragraphs (2), 
     (3), and (4), the worldwide level of merit-based immigrants 
     is equal to 120,000 for each fiscal year.
       ``(B) Status.--An alien admitted on the basis of a merit-
     based immigrant visa under this section shall have the status 
     of an alien lawfully admitted for permanent residence.
       ``(2) Annual increase.--
       ``(A) In general.--Subject to subparagraph (B) and 
     paragraph (3), if in any fiscal year the worldwide level of 
     visas available for merit-based immigrants under this 
     section--
       ``(i) is less than 75 percent of the number of applicants 
     for such fiscal year, the worldwide level shall increase by 5 
     percent for the next fiscal year; and
       ``(ii) is equal to or more than 75 percent of such number, 
     the worldwide level for the next fiscal year shall be the 
     same as the worldwide level for such fiscal year, minus any 
     amount added to the worldwide level for such fiscal year 
     under paragraph (4).
       ``(B) Limitation on increase.--The worldwide level of visas 
     available for merit-based immigrants shall not exceed 
     250,000.
       ``(3) Employment consideration.--The worldwide level of 
     visas available for merit-based immigrants may not be 
     increased for a fiscal year under paragraph (2) if the annual 
     average unemployment rate for the civilian labor force 18 
     years or over in the United States, as determined by the 
     Bureau of Labor Statistics, for such previous fiscal year is 
     more than 8\1/2\ percent.
       ``(4) Recapture of unused visas.--The worldwide level of 
     merit-based immigrants described in paragraph (1) for a 
     fiscal year shall be increased by the difference (if any) 
     between the worldwide level established under paragraph (1) 
     for the previous fiscal year and the number of visas actually 
     issued under this subsection during that fiscal year. Such 
     visas shall be allocated for the following year pursuant to 
     section 203(c)(3).''.
       (2) Merit-based immigrants.--Section 203 (8 U.S.C. 1153) is 
     amended by inserting after subsection (b) the following:
       ``(c) Merit-based Immigrants.--
       ``(1) Fiscal years 2015 through 2017.--During each of the 
     fiscal years 2015 through 2017, the worldwide level of merit-
     based immigrant visas made available under section 201(e)(1) 
     shall be available for aliens described in section 203(b)(3) 
     and in addition to any visas available for such aliens under 
     such section.
       ``(2) Subsequent fiscal years.--During fiscal year 2018 and 
     each subsequent fiscal year, aliens subject to the worldwide 
     level specified in section 201(e) for merit-based immigrants 
     shall be allocated as follows:
       ``(A) 50 percent shall be available to applicants with the 
     highest number of points allocated under tier 1 in paragraph 
     (4).
       ``(B) 50 percent shall be available to applicants with the 
     highest number of points allocated under tier 2 in paragraph 
     (5).
       ``(3) Unused visas.--If the total number of visas allocated 
     to tier 1 or tier 2 for a fiscal year are not granted during 
     that fiscal year, such number may be added to the number of 
     visas available under section 201(e)(1) for the following 
     fiscal year and allocated as follows:
       ``(A) If the unused visas were allocated for tier 1 in a 
     fiscal year, \2/3\ of such visas shall be available for 
     aliens allocated visas under tier 1 in the following fiscal 
     year and \1/3\ of such visas shall be available for aliens 
     allocated visas under either tier 1 or tier 2 in the 
     following fiscal year.
       ``(B) If the unused visas were allocated for tier 2 in a 
     fiscal year, \2/3\ of such visas shall be available for 
     aliens allocated visas under tier 2 in the following fiscal 
     year and \1/3\ of such visas shall be available for aliens 
     allocated visas under either tier 1 or tier 2 in the 
     following fiscal year.
       ``(4) Tier 1.--The Secretary shall allocate points to each 
     alien seeking to be a tier 1 merit-based immigrant as 
     follows:
       ``(A) Education.--
       ``(i) In general.--An alien may receive points under only 1 
     of the following categories:

[[Page S5392]]

       ``(I) An alien who has received a doctorate degree from an 
     institution of higher education in the United States or the 
     foreign equivalent shall be allocated 15 points.
       ``(II) An alien who has received a master's degree from an 
     institution of higher education in the United States or the 
     foreign equivalent shall be allocated 10 points.

       ``(ii) An alien who has received a bachelor's degree from 
     an institution of higher education (as defined in section 
     101(a) of the Higher Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 
     1001(a))) shall be allocated 5 points.
       ``(B) Employment experience.--An alien shall be allocated 
     not more than 20 points as follows:
       ``(i) 3 points for each year the alien has been lawfully 
     employed in a zone 5 occupation in the United States.
       ``(ii) 2 points for each year the alien has been lawfully 
     employed in a zone 4 occupation in the United States.
       ``(C) Employment related to education.--An alien who is in 
     the United States and is employed full-time or has an offer 
     of full-time employment in a field related to the alien's 
     education--
       ``(i) in a zone 5 occupation shall be allocated 10 points; 
     or
       ``(ii) in a zone 4 occupation shall be allocated 8 points.
       ``(D) Entrepreneurship.--An alien who is an entrepreneur in 
     business that employs at least 2 employees in a zone 4 
     occupation or a zone 5 occupation shall be allocated 10 
     points.
       ``(E) High demand occupation.--An alien who is employed 
     full-time in the United States or has an offer of full-time 
     employment in a high demand tier 1 occupation shall be 
     allocated 10 points.
       ``(F) Civic involvement.--An alien who has attested that he 
     or she has engaged in a significant amount of community 
     service, as determined by the Secretary, shall be allocated 2 
     points.
       ``(G) English language.--An alien who received a score of 
     80 or more on the Test of English as a Foreign Language, or 
     an equivalent score on a similar test, as determined by the 
     Secretary, shall be allocated 10 points.
       ``(H) Siblings and married sons and daughters of 
     citizens.--An alien who is the sibling of a citizen of the 
     United States or who is over 31 years of age and is the 
     married son or married daughter of a citizen of the United 
     States shall be allocated 10 points.
       ``(I) Age.--An alien who is--
       ``(i) between 18 and 24 years of age shall be allocated 8 
     points;
       ``(ii) between 25 and 32 years of age shall be allocated 6 
     points; or
       ``(iii) between 33 and 37 years of age shall be allocated 4 
     points.
       ``(J) Country of origin.--An alien who is a national of a 
     country of which fewer than 50,000 nationals were lawfully 
     admitted to permanent residence in the United States in the 
     previous 5 years shall be allocated 5 points.
       ``(5) Tier 2.--The Secretary shall allocate points to each 
     alien seeking to be a tier 2 merit-based immigrant as 
     follows:
       ``(A) Employment experience.--An alien shall be allocated 2 
     points for each year the alien has been lawfully employed in 
     the United States, for a total of not more than 20 points.
       ``(B) Special employment criteria.--An alien who is 
     employed full-time in the United States, or has an offer of 
     full-time employment--
       ``(i) in a high demand tier 2 occupation shall be allocated 
     10 points; or
       ``(ii) in a zone 1, zone 2, or zone 3 occupation shall be 
     allocated 10 points.
       ``(C) Caregiver.--An alien who is or has been a primary 
     caregiver shall be allocated 10 points.
       ``(D) Exceptional employment record.--An alien who has a 
     record of exceptional employment, as determined by the 
     Secretary, shall be allocated 10 points. In determining a 
     record of exceptional employment, the Secretary shall 
     consider factors including promotions, longevity, changes in 
     occupations from a lower job zone to a higher job zone, 
     participated in safety training, and increases in pay.
       ``(E) Civic involvement.--An alien who has demonstrated 
     significant civic involvement shall be allocated 2 points.
       ``(F) English language.--
       ``(i) English proficiency.--An alien who has demonstrated 
     English proficiency, as determined by a standardized test 
     designated by the Secretary of Education, shall be allocated 
     10 points.
       ``(ii) English knowledge.--An alien who has demonstrated 
     English knowledge, as determined by a standardized test 
     designated by the Secretary of Education, shall be allocated 
     5 points.
       ``(G) Siblings and married sons and daughters of 
     citizens.--An alien who is the sibling of a citizen of the 
     United States or is over the age of 31 and is the married son 
     or married daughter of a citizen of the United States shall 
     be allocated 10 points.
       ``(H) Age.--An alien who is--
       ``(i) between 18 and 24 years of age shall be allocated 8 
     points;
       ``(ii) between 25 and 32 years of age shall be allocated 6 
     points; or
       ``(iii) between 33 and 37 years of age shall be allocated 4 
     points.
       ``(I) Country of origin.--An alien who is a national of a 
     country of which fewer than 50,000 nationals were lawfully 
     admitted to permanent residence in the United States in the 
     previous 5 years shall be allocated 5 points.
       ``(6) Application procedures.--
       ``(A) Submission.--During the 30-day period beginning on 
     the first October 1 occurring at least 3 years after the date 
     of the enactment of the Border Security, Economic 
     Opportunity, and Immigration Modernization Act, and during 
     each 30-day period beginning on October 1 in subsequent 
     years, eligible aliens may submit, to U.S. Citizenship and 
     Immigration Services, an application for a merit-based 
     immigrant visa that contains such information as the 
     Secretary may reasonably require.
       ``(B) Adjudication.--Before the last day of each fiscal 
     year in which applications are filed pursuant to subparagraph 
     (A), the Director, U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services, 
     shall--
       ``(i) review the applications to determine which aliens 
     will be granted a merit-based immigrant visa in the following 
     fiscal year in accordance with this subsection; and
       ``(ii) in coordination with the Secretary of State, provide 
     such visas to all successful applicants.
       ``(C) Fee.--An alien who is allocated a visa under this 
     subsection shall pay a fee of $1,500 in addition to any fee 
     assessed to cover the costs to process an application under 
     this subsection. Fees collected under this paragraph shall be 
     deposited by the Secretary into the Comprehensive Immigration 
     Reform Trust Fund established under section 6(a)(1) of the 
     Border Security, Economic Opportunity, and Immigration 
     Modernization Act.
       ``(7) Eligibility of aliens in registered provisional 
     immigrant status.--An alien who was granted registered 
     provisional immigrant status under section 245B is not 
     eligible to receive a merit-based immigrant visa under 
     section 201(e).
       ``(8) Ineligibility of aliens with pending or approved 
     petitions.--An alien who has a petition pending or approved 
     in another immigrant category under this section or section 
     201 may not apply for a merit-based immigrant visa.
       ``(9) Definitions.--In this subsection:
       ``(A) High demand tier 1 occupation.--The term `high demand 
     tier 1 occupation' means 1 of the 5 occupations for which the 
     highest number of nonimmigrants described in section 
     101(a)(15)(H)(i) were sought to be admitted by employers 
     during the previous fiscal year.
       ``(B) High demand tier 2 occupation.--The term `high demand 
     tier 2 occupation' means 1 of the 5 occupations for which the 
     highest number of positions were sought to become registered 
     positions by employers under section 220(e) during the 
     previous fiscal year.
       ``(C) Secretary.--The term `Secretary' means the Secretary 
     of Homeland Security.
       ``(D) Zone 1 occupation.--The term `zone 1 occupation' 
     means an occupation that requires little or no preparation 
     and is classified as a zone 1 occupation on--
       ``(i) the Occupational Information Network Database (O*NET) 
     on the date of the enactment of the Border Security, Economic 
     Opportunity, and Immigration Modernization Act; or
       ``(ii) such Database or a similar successor database, as 
     designated by the Secretary of Labor, after such date of 
     enactment.
       ``(E) Zone 2 occupation.--The term `zone 2 occupation' 
     means an occupation that requires some preparation and is 
     classified as a zone 2 occupation on--
       ``(i) the Occupational Information Network Database (O*NET) 
     on the date of the enactment of the Border Security, Economic 
     Opportunity, and Immigration Modernization Act; or
       ``(ii) such Database or a similar successor database, as 
     designated by the Secretary of Labor, after such date of 
     enactment.
       ``(F) Zone 3 occupation.--The term `zone 3 occupation' 
     means an occupation that requires medium preparation and is 
     classified as a zone 3 occupation on--
       ``(i) the Occupational Information Network Database (O*NET) 
     on the date of the enactment of the Border Security, Economic 
     Opportunity, and Immigration Modernization Act; or
       ``(ii) such Database or a similar successor database, as 
     designated by the Secretary of Labor, after such date of 
     enactment.
       ``(G) Zone 4 occupation.--The term `zone 4 occupation' 
     means an occupation that requires considerable preparation 
     and is classified as a zone 4 occupation on--
       ``(i) the Occupational Information Network Database (O*NET) 
     on the date of the enactment of theBorder Security, Economic 
     Opportunity, and Immigration Modernization Act; or
       ``(ii) such Database or a similar successor database, as 
     designated by the Secretary of Labor, after such date of 
     enactment.
       ``(H) Zone 5 occupation.--The term `zone 5 occupation' 
     means an occupation that requires extensive preparation and 
     is classified as a zone 5 occupation on--
       ``(i) the Occupational Information Network Database (O*NET) 
     on the date of the enactment of the Border Security, Economic 
     Opportunity, and Immigration Modernization Act; or
       ``(ii) such Database or a similar successor database, as 
     designated by the Secretary of Labor, after such date of 
     enactment.''.
       (3) GAO study and report.--
       (A) Study.--The Comptroller General of the United States 
     shall conduct a study of the merit-based immigration system 
     established under section 203(c) of the Immigration and 
     Nationality Act, as amended by

[[Page S5393]]

     paragraph (2), to determine, during the first 7 years of such 
     system--
       (i) how the points described in paragraphs (4)(H), (4)(J), 
     (5)(G), and (5)(I) of section 203(c) of such Act were 
     utilized;
       (ii) how many of the points allocated to people lawfully 
     admitted for permanent residence were allocated under such 
     paragraphs;
       (iii) how many people who were allocated points under such 
     paragraphs were not lawfully admitted to permanent residence;
       (iv) the countries of origin of the people who applied for 
     a merit-based visa under section 203(c) of such Act;
       (v) the number of such visas issued under tier 1 and tier 2 
     to males and females, respectively;
       (vi) the age of individuals who were issued such visas; and
       (vii) the educational attainment and occupation of people 
     who were issued such visas.
       (B) Report.--Not later than 7 years after the date of the 
     enactment of this Act, the Comptroller General shall submit a 
     report to Congress that describes the results of the study 
     conducted pursuant to subparagraph (A).
       (b) Modification of Points.--The Secretary may submit to 
     Congress a proposal to modify the number of points allocated 
     under subsection (c) of section 203 of the Immigration and 
     Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1153), as amended by subsection 
     (a).
       (c) Effective Date.--The amendments made by this section 
     shall take effect on October 1, 2014.

     SEC. 2302. MERIT-BASED TRACK TWO.

       (a) In General.--In addition to any immigrant visa made 
     available under the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 
     1101 et seq.), as amended by this Act, the Secretary of State 
     shall allocate merit-based immigrant visas as described in 
     this section.
       (b) Status.--An alien admitted on the basis of a merit-
     based immigrant visa under this section shall have the status 
     of an alien lawfully admitted for permanent residence (as 
     that term is defined in section 101(a)(20) of the Immigration 
     and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1101(a)(20))).
       (c) Eligibility.--Beginning on October 1, 2014, the 
     following aliens shall be eligible for merit-based immigrant 
     visas under this section:
       (1) Employment-based immigrants.--An alien who is the 
     beneficiary of a petition filed before the date of the 
     enactment of this Act to accord status under section 203(b) 
     of the Immigration and Nationality Act, if the visa has not 
     been issued within 5 years after the date on which such 
     petition was filed.
       (2) Family-sponsored immigrants.--Subject to subsection 
     (d), an alien who is the beneficiary of a petition filed to 
     accord status under section 203(a) of the Immigration and 
     Nationality Act--
       (A) prior to the date of the enactment of this Act, if the 
     visa was not issued within 5 years after the date on which 
     such petition was filed; or
       (B) after such date of enactment, to accord status under 
     paragraph (3) or (4) of section 203(a) of the Immigration and 
     Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1153(a)), as in effect the minute 
     before the effective date specified in section 2307(a)(3) of 
     this Act, and the visa was not issued within 5 years after 
     the date on which petition was filed.
       (3) Long-term alien workers and other merit-based 
     immigrants.--An alien who--
       (A) is not admitted pursuant to subparagraph (W) of section 
     101(a)(15) of the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 
     1101(a)(15)); and
       (B) has been lawfully present in the United States in a 
     status that allows for employment authorization for a 
     continuous period, not counting brief, casual, and innocent 
     absences, of not less than 10 years.
       (d) Allocation of Employment-sponsored Merit-based 
     Immigrant Visas.--In each of the fiscal years 2015 through 
     and including 2021, the Secretary of State shall allocate to 
     aliens described in subsection (c)(1) a number of merit-based 
     immigrant visas equal to \1/7\ of the number of aliens 
     described in subsection (c)(1) whose visas had not been 
     issued as of the date of the enactment of this Act.
       (e) Allocation of Family-sponsored Merit-based Immigrant 
     Visas.--The visas authorized by subsection (c)(2) shall be 
     allocated as follows:
       (1) Spouses and children of permanent residents.--Petitions 
     to accord status under section 203(a)(2)(A) of the 
     Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1153(a)(2)(A)), as 
     in effect the minute before the effective date specified in 
     section 2307(a)(3) of this Act, are automatically converted 
     to petitions to accord status to the same beneficiaries as 
     immediate relatives under section 201(b)(2)(A) of the 
     Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1151(b)(2)(A)).
       (2) Other family members.--In each of the fiscal years 2015 
     through and including 2021, the Secretary of State shall 
     allocate to the aliens described in subsection (c)(2)(A), 
     other than those aliens described in paragraph (1), a number 
     of transitional merit-based immigrant visas equal to \1/7\ of 
     the difference between--
       (A) the number of aliens described in subsection (c)(2)(A) 
     whose visas had not been issued as of the date of the 
     enactment of this Act; and
       (B) the number of aliens described in paragraph (1).
       (3) Order of issuance for previously filed applications.--
     Subject to paragraphs (1) and (2), the visas authorized by 
     subsection (c)(2)(A) shall be issued without regard to a per 
     country limitation in the order described in section 203(a) 
     of the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1153(a)), as 
     amended by section 2305(b), in the order in which the 
     petitions to accord status under such section 203(a) were 
     filed prior to the date of the enactment of this Act.
       (4) Subsequently filed applications.--In fiscal year 2022, 
     the Secretary of State shall allocate to the aliens described 
     in subsection (c)(2)(B), the number of merit-based immigrant 
     visas equal to \1/2\ of the number of aliens described in 
     subsection (c)(2)(B) whose visas had not been issued by 
     October 1, 2021. In fiscal year 2023, the Secretary of State 
     shall allocate to the aliens described in subsection 
     (c)(2)(B), the number of merit-based immigrant visas equal to 
     the number of aliens described in subsection (c)(2)(B) whose 
     visas had not been issued by October 1, 2022.
       (5) Order of issuance for subsequently filed 
     applications.--Subject to paragraph (4), the visas authorized 
     by subsection (c)(2)(B) shall be issued in the order in which 
     the petitions to accord status under section 203(a) of the 
     Immigration and Nationality Act were filed, as in effect the 
     minute before the effective date specified in section 
     2307(a)(3) of this Act.
       (f) Applicability of Certain Grounds of Inadmissibility.--
     In determining an alien's inadmissibility under this section, 
     section 212(a)(9)(B) of the Immigration and Nationality Act 
     (8 U.S.C. 1182(a)(9)(B)) shall not apply.
       (g)  Eligibility in Years After 2028.--Beginning in fiscal 
     year 2029, aliens eligible for adjustment of status under 
     subsection (c)(3) must be lawfully present in an employment 
     authorized status for 20 years prior to filing an application 
     for adjustment of status.

     SEC. 2303. REPEAL OF THE DIVERSITY VISA PROGRAM.

       (a) In General.--Title II (8 U.S.C. 1151 et seq.) is 
     amended--
       (1) in section 201(a) (8 U.S.C. 1151(a))--
       (A) in paragraph (1), by adding ``and'' at the end;
       (B) in paragraph (2), by striking ``; and'' at the end and 
     inserting a period; and
       (C) by striking paragraph (3);
       (2) in section 203 (8 U.S.C. 1153)--
       (A) by striking subsection (c);
       (B) in subsection (e)--
       (i) by striking paragraph (2); and
       (ii) by redesignating paragraph (3) as paragraph (2);
       (C) in subsection (f), by striking ``(a), (b), or (c) of 
     this section'' and inserting ``(a) or (b)''; and
       (D) in subsection (g), by striking ``(a), (b), and (c)'' 
     and inserting ``(a) and (b)''; and
       (3) in section 204 (8 U.S.C. 1154)--
       (A) in subsection (a), as amended by section 
     2305(d)(6)(A)(i), by striking paragraph (8); and
       (B) in subsection (e), by striking ``(a), (b), or (c)'' and 
     inserting ``(a) or (b)''.
       (b) Effective Date and Application.--
       (1) Effective date.--The amendments made by this section 
     shall take effect on October 1, 2014.
       (2) Application.--An alien who receives a notification from 
     the Secretary that the alien was selected to receive a 
     diversity immigrant visa under section 203(c) of the 
     Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1153(c)) for fiscal 
     year 2013 or fiscal year 2014 shall remain eligible to 
     receive such visa under the rules of such section, as in 
     effect on September 30, 2014. No alien may be allocated such 
     a diversity immigrant visa for a fiscal year after fiscal 
     year 2015.

     SEC. 2304. WORLDWIDE LEVELS AND RECAPTURE OF UNUSED IMMIGRANT 
                   VISAS.

       (a) Employment-based Immigrants.--Section 201(d) (8 U.S.C. 
     1151(d)) is amended to read as follows:
       ``(d) Worldwide Level of Employment-based Immigrants.--
       ``(1) In general.--
       ``(A) Worldwide level.--For a fiscal year after fiscal year 
     2015, the worldwide level of employment-based immigrants 
     under this subsection is equal to the sum of--
       ``(i) 140,000; and
       ``(ii) the number computed under paragraph (2).
       ``(B) Fiscal year 2015.--For fiscal year 2015, the 
     worldwide level of employment-based immigrants under this 
     subsection is equal to the sum of--
       ``(i) 140,000;
       ``(ii) the number computed under paragraph (2); and
       ``(iii) the number computed under paragraph (3).
       ``(2) Previous fiscal year.--The number computed under this 
     paragraph for a fiscal year is the difference, if any, 
     between the maximum number of visas which may be issued under 
     section 203(a) (relating to family-sponsored immigrants) 
     during the previous fiscal year and the number of visas 
     issued under that section during that year.
       ``(3) Unused visas.--The number computed under this 
     paragraph is the difference, if any, between--
       ``(A) the sum of the worldwide levels established under 
     paragraph (1), as in effect on the day before the date of the 
     enactment of the Border Security, Economic Opportunity, and 
     Immigration Modernization Act, for fiscal years 1992 through 
     and including 2013; and
       ``(B) the number of visas actually issued under section 
     203(b) during such fiscal years.''.
       (b) Family-sponsored Immigrants.--Section 201(c) (8 U.S.C. 
     1151(c)) is amended to read as follows:
       ``(c) Worldwide Level of Family-sponsored Immigrants.--
       ``(1) In general.--

[[Page S5394]]

       ``(A) Worldwide level.--Subject to subparagraph (C), for 
     each fiscal year after fiscal year 2015, the worldwide level 
     of family-sponsored immigrants under this subsection for a 
     fiscal year is equal to the sum of--
       ``(i) 480,000 minus the number computed under paragraph 
     (2); and
       ``(ii) the number computed under paragraph (3).
       ``(B) Fiscal year 2015.--Subject to subparagraph (C), for 
     fiscal year 2015, the worldwide level of family-sponsored 
     immigrants under this subsection is equal to the sum of--
       ``(i) 480,000 minus the number computed under paragraph 
     (2);
       ``(ii) the number computed under paragraph (3); and
       ``(iii) the number computed under paragraph (4).
       ``(C) Limitation.--The number computed under subparagraph 
     (A)(i) or (B)(i) may not be less than 226,000, except that 
     beginning on the date that is 18 months after the date of the 
     enactment of the Border Security, Economic Opportunity, and 
     Immigration Modernization Act, the number computed under 
     subparagraph (A)(i) or (B)(i) may not be less than 161,000.
       ``(2) Immediate relatives.--The number computed under this 
     paragraph for a fiscal year is the number of aliens described 
     in subparagraph (A) or (B) of subsection (b)(2) who were 
     issued immigrant visas, or who otherwise acquired the status 
     of an alien lawfully admitted to the United States for 
     permanent residence, in the previous fiscal year.
       ``(3) Previous fiscal year.--The number computed under this 
     paragraph for a fiscal year is the difference, if any, 
     between the maximum number of visas which may be issued under 
     section 203(b) (relating to employment-based immigrants) 
     during the previous fiscal year and the number of visas 
     issued under that section during that year.
       ``(4) Unused visas.--The number computed under this 
     paragraph is the difference, if any, between--
       ``(A) the sum of the worldwide levels established under 
     paragraph (1) for fiscal years 1992 through and including 
     2013; and
       ``(B) the number of visas actually issued under section 
     203(a) during such fiscal years.''.
       (c) Effective Date.--The amendments made by this section 
     shall take effect on the first day of the first fiscal year 
     beginning after the date of the enactment of this Act.

     SEC. 2305. RECLASSIFICATION OF SPOUSES AND MINOR CHILDREN OF 
                   LAWFUL PERMANENT RESIDENTS AS IMMEDIATE 
                   RELATIVES.

       (a) Immediate Relatives.--Section 201(b)(2) (8 U.S.C. 
     1151(b)(2)) is amended to read as follows:
       ``(2)(A) Aliens who are immediate relatives.
       ``(B) In this paragraph, the term `immediate relative' 
     means--
       ``(i) a child, spouse, or parent of a citizen of the United 
     States, except that in the case of such a parent such citizen 
     shall be at least 21 years of age;
       ``(ii) a child or spouse of an alien lawfully admitted for 
     permanent residence;
       ``(iii) a child or spouse of an alien described in clause 
     (i), who is accompanying or following to join the alien;
       ``(iv) a child or spouse of an alien described in clause 
     (ii), who is accompanying or following to join the alien;
       ``(v) an alien admitted under section 211(a) on the basis 
     of a prior issuance of a visa to the alien's accompanying 
     parent who is an immediate relative; and
       ``(vi) an alien born to an alien lawfully admitted for 
     permanent residence during a temporary visit abroad.
       ``(C) If an alien who was the spouse or child of a citizen 
     of the United States or of an alien lawfully admitted for 
     permanent residence and was not legally separated from the 
     citizen or lawful permanent resident at the time of the 
     citizen's or lawful permanent resident's death files a 
     petition under section 204(a)(1)(B), the alien spouse (and 
     each child of the alien) shall remain, for purposes of this 
     paragraph, an immediate relative during the period beginning 
     on the date of the citizen's or permanent resident's death 
     and ending on the date on which the alien spouse remarries.
       ``(D) An alien who has filed a petition under clause (iii) 
     or (iv) of section 204(a)(1)(A) shall remain, for purposes of 
     this paragraph, an immediate relative if the United States 
     citizen or lawful permanent resident spouse or parent loses 
     United States citizenship on account of the abuse.''.
       (b) Allocation of Immigrant Visas.--Section 203(a) (8 
     U.S.C. 1153(a)) is amended--
       (1) in paragraph (1), by striking ``23,400,'' and inserting 
     ``20 percent of the worldwide level of family-sponsored 
     immigrants under section 201(c)'';
       (2) by striking paragraph (2) and inserting the following:
       ``(2) Unmarried sons and unmarried daughters of permanent 
     resident aliens.--Qualified immigrants who are the unmarried 
     sons or unmarried daughters (but are not the children) of an 
     alien lawfully admitted for permanent residence shall be 
     allocated visas in a number not to exceed 20 percent of the 
     worldwide level of family-sponsored immigrants under section 
     201(c), plus any visas not required for the class specified 
     in paragraph (1).'';
       (3) in paragraph (3)--
       (A) by striking ``23,400,'' and inserting ``20 percent of 
     the worldwide level of family-sponsored immigrants under 
     section 201(c)''; and
       (B) by striking ``classes specified in paragraphs (1) and 
     (2).'' and inserting ``class specified in paragraph (2).''; 
     and
       (4) in paragraph (4)--
       (A) by striking ``65,000,'' and inserting ``40 percent of 
     the worldwide level of family-sponsored immigrants under 
     section 201(c)''; and
       (B) by striking ``classes specified in paragraphs (1) 
     through (3).'' and inserting ``class specified in paragraph 
     (3).''.
       (c) Termination of Registration.--Section 203(g) (8 U.S.C. 
     1153(g)) is amended to read as follows:
       ``(g) Lists.--
       ``(1) In general.--For purposes of carrying out the orderly 
     administration of this title, the Secretary of State may make 
     reasonable estimates of the anticipated numbers of immigrant 
     visas to be issued during any quarter of any fiscal year 
     within each of the categories under subsections (a), (b), and 
     (c) and may rely upon such estimates in authorizing the 
     issuance of visas.
       ``(2) Termination of registration.--
       ``(A) Information dissemination.--Not later than 180 days 
     after the date of the enactment of the Border Security, 
     Economic Opportunity, and Immigration Modernization Act, the 
     Secretary of Homeland Security and the Secretary of State 
     shall adopt a plan to broadly disseminate information to the 
     public regarding termination of registration procedures 
     described in subparagraphs (B) and (C), including procedures 
     for notifying the Department of Homeland Security and the 
     Department of State of any change of address on the part of a 
     petitioner or a beneficiary of an immigrant visa petition.
       ``(B) Termination for failure to adjust.--The Secretary of 
     Homeland Security shall terminate the registration of any 
     alien who has evidenced an intention to acquire lawful 
     permanent residence under section 245 and who fails to apply 
     to adjust status within 1 year following notification to the 
     alien of the availability of an immigrant visa.
       ``(C) Termination for failure to apply.--The Secretary of 
     State shall terminate the registration of any alien not 
     described in subparagraph (B) who fails to apply for an 
     immigrant visa within 1 year following notification to the 
     alien of the availability of such visa.
       ``(3) Reinstatement.--The registration of any alien that 
     was terminated under paragraph (2) shall be reinstated if, 
     within 2 years following the date of notification of the 
     availability of such visa, the alien demonstrates that such 
     failure to apply was due to good cause.''.
       (d) Technical and Conforming Amendments.--
       (1) Definitions.--Section 101(a)(15)(K)(ii) (8 U.S.C. 
     1101(a)(15)(K)(ii)) is amended by striking ``section 
     201(b)(2)(A)(i)'' and inserting ``section 201(b)(2) (other 
     than clause (v) or (vi) of subparagraph (B))''.
       (2) Per country level.--Section 202(a)(1)(A) (8 U.S.C. 
     1152(a)(1)(A)) is amended by striking ``section 
     201(b)(2)(A)(i)'' and inserting ``section 201(b)(2) (other 
     than clause (v) or (vi) of subparagraph (B))''.
       (3) Rules for determining whether certain aliens are 
     immediate relatives.--Section 201(f) (8 U.S.C. 1151(f)) is 
     amended--
       (A) in paragraph (1), by striking ``paragraphs (2) and 
     (3),'' and inserting ``paragraph (2),'';
       (B) by striking paragraph (2);
       (C) by redesignating paragraphs (3) and (4) as paragraphs 
     (2) and (3), respectively; and
       (D) in paragraph (3), as redesignated by subparagraph (C), 
     by striking ``through (3)'' and inserting ``and (2)''.
       (4) Numerical limitation to any single foreign state.--
     Section 202(a)(4) (8 U.S.C. 1152(a)(4)) is amended--
       (A) by striking subparagraphs (A) and (B);
       (B) by redesignating subparagraphs (C) and (D) as 
     subparagraphs (A) and (B), respectively; and
       (C) in subparagraph (A), as redesignated by clause (ii), by 
     striking ``section 203(a)(2)(B)'' and inserting ``section 
     203(a)(2)''.
       (5) Allocation of immigrant visas.--Section 203(h) (8 
     U.S.C. 1153(h)) is amended--
       (A) in paragraph (1)--
       (i) in the matter preceding subparagraph (A), by striking 
     ``subsections (a)(2)(A) and (d)'' and inserting ``subsection 
     (d)'';
       (ii) in subparagraph (A), by striking ``becomes available 
     for such alien (or, in the case of subsection (d), the date 
     on which an immigrant visa number became available for the 
     alien's parent),'' and inserting ``became available for the 
     alien's parent,''; and
       (iii) in subparagraph (B), by striking ``applicable'';
       (B) by amending paragraph (2) to read as follows:
       ``(2) Petitions described.--The petition described in this 
     paragraph is a petition filed under section 204 for 
     classification of the alien's parent under subsection (a), 
     (b), or (c).''; and
       (C) by amending paragraph (3) to read as follows:
       ``(3) Retention of priority date.--
       ``(A) Petitions filed for children.--For a petition 
     originally filed to classify a child under subsection (d), if 
     the age of the alien is determined under paragraph (1) to be 
     21 years of age or older on the date that a visa number 
     becomes available to the alien's parent who was the principal 
     beneficiary of the petition, then, upon the parent's 
     admission to lawful permanent residence in the United States, 
     the petition shall automatically be converted to a petition 
     filed by the parent

[[Page S5395]]

     for classification of the alien under subsection (a)(2) and 
     the petition shall retain the priority date established by 
     the original petition.
       ``(B) Family and employment-based petitions.--The priority 
     date for any family- or employment-based petition shall be 
     the date of filing of the petition with the Secretary of 
     Homeland Security (or the Secretary of State, if applicable), 
     unless the filing of the petition was preceded by the filing 
     of a labor certification with the Secretary of Labor, in 
     which case that date shall constitute the priority date. The 
     beneficiary of any petition shall retain his or her earliest 
     priority date based on any petition filed on his or her 
     behalf that was approvable when filed, regardless of the 
     category of subsequent petitions.''.
       (6) Procedure for granting immigrant status.--
       (A) Petitioning procedure.--Section 204 (8 U.S.C. 1154) is 
     amended--
       (i) by striking subsection (a) and inserting the following:
       ``(a) Petitioning Procedure.--
       ``(1) In general.--(A) Except as provided in subparagraph 
     (H), any citizen of the United States or alien lawfully 
     admitted for permanent residence claiming that an alien is 
     entitled to classification by reason of a relationship 
     described in subparagraph (A) or (B) of section 203(a)(1) or 
     to an immediate relative status under section 201(b)(2)(A) 
     may file a petition with the Secretary of Homeland Security 
     for such classification.
       ``(B) An alien spouse or alien child described in section 
     201(b)(2)(C) may file a petition with the Secretary under 
     this paragraph for classification of the alien (and the 
     alien's children) under such section.
       ``(C)(i) An alien who is described in clause (ii) may file 
     a petition with the Secretary under this subparagraph for 
     classification of the alien (and any child of the alien) if 
     the alien demonstrates to the Secretary that--
       ``(I) the marriage or the intent to marry the citizen of 
     the United States or lawful permanent resident was entered 
     into in good faith by the alien; and
       ``(II) during the marriage or relationship intended by the 
     alien to be legally a marriage, the alien or a child of the 
     alien has been battered or has been the subject of extreme 
     cruelty perpetrated by the alien's spouse or intended spouse.
       ``(ii) For purposes of clause (i), an alien described in 
     this clause is an alien--
       ``(I)(aa) who is the spouse of a citizen of the United 
     States or lawful permanent resident;
       ``(bb) who believed that he or she had married a citizen of 
     the United States or lawful permanent resident and with whom 
     a marriage ceremony was actually performed and who otherwise 
     meets any applicable requirements under this Act to establish 
     the existence of and bona fides of a marriage, but whose 
     marriage is not legitimate solely because of the bigamy of 
     such citizen of the United States or lawful permanent 
     resident; or
       ``(cc) who was a bona fide spouse of a citizen of the 
     United States or a lawful permanent resident within the past 
     2 years and--
       ``(AA) whose spouse died within the past 2 years;
       ``(BB) whose spouse renounced citizenship status or 
     renounced or lost status as a lawful permanent resident 
     within the past 2 years related to an incident of domestic 
     violence; or
       ``(CC) who demonstrates a connection between the legal 
     termination of the marriage within the past 2 years and 
     battering or extreme cruelty by a spouse who is a citizen of 
     the United States or a lawful permanent resident spouse;
       ``(II) who is a person of good moral character;
       ``(III) who is eligible to be classified as an immediate 
     relative under section 201(b)(2)(A) or who would have been so 
     classified but for the bigamy of the citizen of the United 
     States that the alien intended to marry; and
       ``(IV) who has resided with the alien's spouse or intended 
     spouse.
       ``(D) An alien who is the child of a citizen or lawful 
     permanent resident of the United States, or who was a child 
     of a United States citizen or lawful permanent resident 
     parent who within the past 2 years lost or renounced 
     citizenship status related to an incident of domestic 
     violence, and who is a person of good moral character, who is 
     eligible to be classified as an immediate relative under 
     section 201(b)(2)(A), and who resides, or has resided in the 
     past, with the citizen or lawful permanent resident parent 
     may file a petition with the Secretary of Homeland Security 
     under this paragraph for classification of the alien (and any 
     child of the alien) under such section if the alien 
     demonstrates to the Secretary that the alien has been 
     battered by or has been the subject of extreme cruelty 
     perpetrated by the alien's citizen or lawful permanent 
     resident parent. For purposes of this subparagraph, residence 
     includes any period of visitation.
       ``(E) An alien who--
       ``(i) is the spouse, intended spouse, or child living 
     abroad of a citizen or lawful permanent resident who--
       ``(I) is an employee of the United States Government;
       ``(II) is a member of the uniformed services (as defined in 
     section 101(a) of title 10, United States Code); or
       ``(III) has subjected the alien or the alien's child to 
     battery or extreme cruelty in the United States; and
       ``(ii) is eligible to file a petition under subparagraph 
     (C) or (D),
     shall file such petition with the Secretary of Homeland 
     Security under the procedures that apply to self-petitioners 
     under subparagraph (C) or (D), as applicable.
       ``(F) For the purposes of any petition filed under 
     subparagraph (C) or (D), the denaturalization, loss or 
     renunciation of citizenship or lawful permanent resident 
     status, death of the abuser, divorce, or changes to the 
     abuser's citizenship or lawful permanent resident status 
     after filing of the petition shall not adversely affect the 
     approval of the petition, and for approved petitions shall 
     not preclude the classification of the eligible self-
     petitioning spouse or child as an immediate relative or 
     affect the alien's ability to adjust status under subsections 
     (a) and (c) of section 245 or obtain status as a lawful 
     permanent resident based on the approved self-petition under 
     such clauses.
       ``(G) An alien may file a petition with the Secretary of 
     Homeland Security under this paragraph for classification of 
     the alien under section 201(b)(2)(A) if the alien--
       ``(i) is the parent of a citizen of the United States or 
     was a parent of a citizen of the United States who, within 
     the past 2 years, lost or renounced citizenship status 
     related to an incident of domestic violence or died;
       ``(ii) is a person of good moral character;
       ``(iii) is eligible to be classified as an immediate 
     relative under section 201(b)(2)(A);
       ``(iv) resides, or has resided, with the citizen daughter 
     or son; and
       ``(v) demonstrates that the alien has been battered or 
     subject to extreme cruelty by the citizen daughter or son.
       ``(H)(i) Subparagraph (A) shall not apply to a citizen of 
     the United States who has been convicted of a specified 
     offense against a minor, unless the Secretary of Homeland 
     Security, in the Secretary's sole and unreviewable 
     discretion, determines that the citizen poses no risk to the 
     alien with respect to whom a petition described in 
     subparagraph (A) is filed.
       ``(ii) For purposes of clause (i), the term `specified 
     offense against a minor' has the meaning given such term in 
     section 111 of the Adam Walsh Child Protection and Safety Act 
     of 2006 (42 U.S.C. 16911).
       ``(2) Determination of good moral character.--
     Notwithstanding section 101(f), an act or conviction that is 
     waivable with respect to the petitioner for purposes of a 
     determination of the petitioner's admissibility under section 
     212(a) or deportability under section 237(a) shall not bar 
     the Secretary of Homeland Security from finding the 
     petitioner to be of good moral character under subparagraph 
     (C) or (D) of paragraph (1), if the Secretary finds that the 
     act or conviction was connected to the alien's having been 
     battered or subjected to extreme cruelty.
       ``(3) Preference status.--(A)(i) Any child who attains 21 
     years of age who has filed a petition under paragraph (1)(D) 
     that was filed or approved before the date on which the child 
     attained 21 years of age shall be considered (if the child 
     has not been admitted or approved for lawful permanent 
     residence by the date the child attained 21 years of age) a 
     petitioner for preference status under paragraph (1), (2), or 
     (3) of section 203(a), whichever paragraph is applicable, 
     with the same priority date assigned to the self-petition 
     filed under paragraph (1)(D). No new petition shall be 
     required to be filed.
       ``(ii) Any individual described in clause (i) is eligible 
     for deferred action and work authorization.
       ``(iii) Any derivative child who attains 21 years of age 
     who is included in a petition described in subparagraph (B) 
     that was filed or approved before the date on which the child 
     attained 21 years of age shall be considered (if the child 
     has not been admitted or approved for lawful permanent 
     residence by the date the child attained 21 years of age) a 
     VAWA self-petitioner with the same priority date as that 
     assigned to the petitioner in any petition described in 
     subparagraph (B). No new petition shall be required to be 
     filed.
       ``(iv) Any individual described in clause (iii) and any 
     derivative child of a petitioner described in subparagraph 
     (B) is eligible for deferred action and work authorization.
       ``(B) The petition referred to in subparagraph (A)(iii) is 
     a petition filed by an alien under subparagraph (C) or (D) of 
     paragraph (1) in which the child is included as a derivative 
     beneficiary.
       ``(C) Nothing in the amendments made by the Child Status 
     Protection Act (Public Law 107-208; 116 Stat. 927) shall be 
     construed to limit or deny any right or benefit provided 
     under this paragraph.
       ``(D) Any alien who benefits from this paragraph may adjust 
     status in accordance with subsections (a) and (c) of section 
     245 as an alien having an approved petition for 
     classification under subparagraph (C) or (D) of paragraph 
     (1).
       ``(E) For purposes of this paragraph, an individual who is 
     not less than 21 years of age, who qualified to file a 
     petition under paragraph (1)(D) as of the minute before the 
     date on which the individual attained 21 years of age, and 
     who did not file such a petition before such day, shall be 
     treated as having filed a petition under such paragraph as of 
     such day if a petition is filed for the status described in 
     such paragraph before the individual attains 25 years of age 
     and the individual shows that the abuse was at least 1 
     central reason for the filing delay. Subparagraphs (A) 
     through (D) shall apply to an individual described in this 
     subparagraph in the same manner as an individual filing a 
     petition under paragraph (1)(D).

[[Page S5396]]

       ``(4) Classification as alien with extraordinary ability.--
     Any alien desiring to be classified under subparagraph (I), 
     (J), (K), (L), or (M) of section 201(b)(1) or section 
     203(b)(1)(A), or any person on behalf of such an alien, may 
     file a petition with the Secretary of Homeland Security for 
     such classification.
       ``(5) Classification as employment-based immigrant.--Any 
     employer desiring and intending to employ within the United 
     States an alien entitled to classification under paragraph 
     (1)(B), (1)(C), (2), or (3) of section 203(b) may file a 
     petition with the Secretary of Homeland Security for such 
     classification.
       ``(6) Classification as special immigrant.--(A) Any alien 
     (other than a special immigrant under section 101(a)(27)(D)) 
     desiring to be classified under section 203(b)(4), or any 
     person on behalf of such an alien, may file a petition with 
     the Secretary of Homeland Security for such classification.
       ``(B) Aliens claiming status as a special immigrant under 
     section 101(a)(27)(D) may file a petition only with the 
     Secretary of State and only after notification by the 
     Secretary that such status has been recommended and approved 
     pursuant to such section.
       ``(7) Classification as immigrant investor.--Any alien 
     desiring to be classified under paragraph (5) or (6) of 
     section 203(b) may file a petition with the Secretary of 
     Homeland Security for such classification.
       ``(8) Diversity visa.--(A) Any alien desiring to be 
     provided an immigrant visa under section 203(c) may file a 
     petition at the place and time determined by the Secretary of 
     State by regulation. Only 1 such petition may be filed by an 
     alien with respect to any petitioning period established. If 
     more than 1 petition is submitted all such petitions 
     submitted for such period by the alien shall be voided.
       ``(B)(i) The Secretary of State shall designate a period 
     for the filing of petitions with respect to visas which may 
     be issued under section 203(c) for the fiscal year beginning 
     after the end of the period.
       ``(ii) Aliens who qualify, through random selection, for a 
     visa under section 203(c) shall remain eligible to receive 
     such visa only through the end of the specific fiscal year 
     for which they were selected.
       ``(iii) The Secretary of State shall prescribe such 
     regulations as may be necessary to carry out this 
     subparagraph.
       ``(C) A petition under this paragraph shall be in such form 
     as the Secretary of State may by regulation prescribe and 
     shall contain such information and be supported by such 
     documentary evidence as the Secretary of State may require.
       ``(D) Each petition to compete for consideration for a visa 
     under section 203(c) shall be accompanied by a fee equal to 
     $30. All amounts collected under this subparagraph shall be 
     deposited into the Treasury as miscellaneous receipts.
       ``(9) Consideration of credible evidence.--In acting on 
     petitions filed under subparagraph (C) or (D) of paragraph 
     (1), or in making determinations under paragraphs (2) and 
     (3), the Secretary of Homeland Security shall consider any 
     credible evidence relevant to the petition. The determination 
     of what evidence is credible and the weight to be given that 
     evidence shall be within the sole discretion of the 
     Secretary.
       ``(10) Work authorization.--(A) Upon the approval of a 
     petition as a VAWA self-petitioner, the alien--
       ``(i) is eligible for work authorization; and
       ``(ii) may be provided an `employment authorized' 
     endorsement or appropriate work permit incidental to such 
     approval.
       ``(B) Notwithstanding any provision of this Act restricting 
     eligibility for employment in the United States, the 
     Secretary of Homeland Security shall grant employment 
     authorization to an alien who has filed an application for 
     status as a VAWA self-petitioner on the date that is the 
     earlier of--
       ``(i) the date on which the alien's application for such 
     status is approved; or
       ``(ii) a date determined by the Secretary that is not later 
     than 180 days after the date on which the alien filed the 
     application.
       ``(11) Limitation.--Notwithstanding paragraphs (1) through 
     (10), an individual who was a VAWA petitioner or who had the 
     status of a nonimmigrant under subparagraph (T) or (U) of 
     section 101(a)(15) may not file a petition for classification 
     under this section or section 214 to classify any person who 
     committed the battery or extreme cruelty or trafficking 
     against the individual (or the individual's child), which 
     established the individual's (or individual's child's) 
     eligibility as a VAWA petitioner or for such nonimmigrant 
     status.'';
       (ii) in subsection (c)(1), by striking ``or preference 
     status''; and
       (iii) in subsection (h), by striking ``or a petition filed 
     under subsection (a)(1)(B)(ii)''.
       (B) Conforming amendments.--The Act (8 U.S.C. 1101 et seq.) 
     is amended--
       (i) in section 101(a)--

       (I) in paragraph (15)(K), by striking 
     ``204(a)(1)(A)(viii)(I)'' each place such term appears and 
     inserting ``204(a)(1)(H)(i)'';
       (II) in paragraph (50), by striking 
     ``204(a)(1)(A)(iii)(II)(aa)(BB), 
     204(a)(1)(B)(ii)(II)(aa)(BB),'' and inserting 
     ``204(a)(1)(C)(ii)(I)(bb) or''; and
       (III) in paragraph (51)--

       (aa) in subparagraph (A), by striking ``204(a)(1)(A)'' and 
     inserting ``204(a)(1)'';
       (bb) by striking subparagraph (B); and
       (cc) by redesignating subparagraphs (C), (D), (E), (F), and 
     (G) as subparagraphs (B), (C), (D), (E), and (F), 
     respectively;
       (ii) in section 212(a)(4)(C)(i)--

       (I) in subclause (I), by striking ``clause (ii), (iii), or 
     (iv) of section 204(a)(1)(A), or'' and inserting 
     ``subparagraph (B), (C), or (D) of section 204(a)(1);'';
       (II) by striking subclause (II); and
       (III) by redesignating subclause (III) as subclause (II);

       (iii) in section 216(c)(4)(D), by striking 
     ``204(a)(1)(A)(iii)(II)(aa)(BB)'' and inserting 
     ``204(a)(1)(C)(ii)(I)(bb)''; and
       (iv) in section 240(c)(7)(C)(iv)(I), by striking ``clause 
     (iii) or (iv) of section 204(a)(1)(A), clause (ii) or (iii) 
     of section 204(a)(1)(B),'' and inserting ``subparagraph (C) 
     or (D) of section 204(a)(1),''.
       (7) Excludable aliens.--Section 212(d)(12)(B) (8 U.S.C. 
     1182(d)(12)(B)) is amended by striking ``section 
     201(b)(2)(A)'' and inserting ``section 201(b)(2) (other than 
     subparagraph (B)(vi))''.
       (8) Admission of nonimmigrants.--Section 214(r)(3)(A) (8 
     U.S.C. 1184(r)(3)(A)) is amended by striking ``section 
     201(b)(2)(A)(i).'' and inserting ``section 201(b)(2) (other 
     than clause (v) or (vi) of subparagraph (B)).''.
       (9) Refugee crisis in iraq act of 2007.--Section 1243(a)(4) 
     of the Refugee Crisis in Iraq Act of 2007 (8 U.S.C. 1157 
     note) is amended by striking ``section 201(b)(2)(A)(i)'' and 
     inserting ``section 201(b)(2) (other than clause (v) or (vi) 
     of subparagraph (B))''.
       (10) Processing of visa applications.--Section 233 of the 
     Department of State Authorization Act, Fiscal Year 2003 (8 
     U.S.C. 1201 note) is amended by striking ``section 
     201(b)(2)(A)(i)'' and inserting ``section 201(b)(2) (other 
     than clause (v) or (vi) of subparagraph (B))''.
       (11) Adjustment of status.--Section 245(a) (8 U.S.C. 
     1255(a)) is amended to read as follows:
       ``(a)(1) The status of an alien who was inspected and 
     admitted or paroled into the United States or the status of 
     any other alien having an approved petition for 
     classification as a VAWA self-petitioner may be adjusted by 
     the Attorney General or the Secretary of Homeland Security, 
     in the Attorney General's or the Secretary's discretion and 
     under such regulations as the Attorney General or Secretary 
     may prescribe, to that of an alien lawfully admitted for 
     permanent residence (regardless of whether the alien has 
     already been admitted for permanent residence) if--
       ``(A) the alien makes an application for such adjustment;
       ``(B) the alien is eligible to receive an immigrant visa 
     and is admissible to the United States for permanent 
     residence; and
       ``(C) subject to paragraph (2), an immigrant visa is 
     immediately available to the alien at the time the alien's 
     application is filed.
       ``(2)(A) An application that is based on a petition 
     approved or approvable under subparagraph (A) or (B) of 
     section 204(a)(1) may be filed without regard to the 
     limitation set forth in paragraph (1)(C).
       ``(B) An application for adjustment filed for an alien 
     under this paragraph may not be approved until such time as 
     an immigrant visa becomes available for the alien.''.
       (e) Effective Date.--The amendments made by this section 
     shall take effect on the date of the enactment of this Act.

     SEC. 2306. NUMERICAL LIMITATIONS ON INDIVIDUAL FOREIGN 
                   STATES.

       (a) Numerical Limitation to Any Single Foreign State.--
     Section 202(a)(2) (8 U.S.C. 1152(a)(2)) is amended--
       (1) in the paragraph heading, by striking ``and employment-
     based'';
       (2) by striking ``(3), (4), and (5),'' and inserting ``(3) 
     and (4),'';
       (3) by striking ``subsections (a) and (b) of section 203'' 
     and inserting ``section 203(a)'';
       (4) by striking ``7'' and inserting ``15''; and
       (5) by striking ``such subsections'' and inserting ``such 
     section''.
       (b) Conforming Amendments.--Section 202 (8 U.S.C. 1152) is 
     amended--
       (1) in subsection (a)--
       (A) in paragraph (3), by striking ``both subsections (a) 
     and (b) of section 203'' and inserting ``section 203(a)''; 
     and
       (B) by striking paragraph (5); and
       (2) by amending subsection (e) to read as follows:
       ``(e) Special Rules for Countries at Ceiling.--If it is 
     determined that the total number of immigrant visas made 
     available under section 203(a) to natives of any single 
     foreign state or dependent area will exceed the numerical 
     limitation specified in subsection (a)(2) in any fiscal year, 
     in determining the allotment of immigrant visa numbers to 
     natives under section 203(a), visa numbers with respect to 
     natives of that state or area shall be allocated (to the 
     extent practicable and otherwise consistent with this section 
     and section 203) in a manner so that, except as provided in 
     subsection (a)(4), the proportion of the visa numbers made 
     available under each of paragraphs (1) through (4) of section 
     203(a) is equal to the ratio of the total number of visas 
     made available under the respective paragraph to the total 
     number of visas made available under section 203(a).''.
       (c) Country-specific Offset.--Section 2 of the Chinese 
     Student Protection Act of 1992 (8 U.S.C. 1255 note) is 
     amended--
       (1) in subsection (a), by striking ``subsection (e))'' and 
     inserting ``subsection (d))''; and
       (2) by striking subsection (d) and redesignating subsection 
     (e) as subsection (d).
       (d) Effective Date.--The amendments made by this section 
     shall take effect 1 year after the date of the enactment of 
     this Act.

[[Page S5397]]

     SEC. 2307. ALLOCATION OF IMMIGRANT VISAS.

       (a) Preference Allocation for Family-sponsored 
     Immigrants.--
       (1) In general.--Section 203(a) (8 U.S.C. 1153(a)), as 
     amended by section 2305(b), is further amended to read as 
     follows:
       ``(a) Preference Allocation for Family-sponsored 
     Immigrants.--Aliens subject to the worldwide level specified 
     in section 201(c) for family-sponsored immigrants shall be 
     allotted visas as follows:
       ``(1) Sons and daughters of citizens.--Qualified immigrants 
     who are--
       ``(A) the unmarried sons or unmarried daughters but not the 
     children of citizens of the United States shall be allocated 
     visas in a number not to exceed 35 percent of the worldwide 
     level authorized in section 201(c), plus the sum of--
       ``(i) the number of visas not required for the class 
     specified in paragraph (2) for the current fiscal year; and
       ``(ii) the number of visas not required for the class 
     specified in subparagraph (B); or
       ``(B) the married sons or married daughters of citizens of 
     the United States who are 31 years of age or younger at the 
     time of filing a petition under section 204 shall be 
     allocated visas in a number not to exceed 25 percent of the 
     worldwide level authorized in section 201(c), plus the number 
     of any visas not required for the class specified in 
     subparagraph (A) current fiscal year.
       ``(2) Sons and daughters of permanent residents.--Qualified 
     immigrants who are the unmarried sons or unmarried daughters 
     of aliens admitted for permanent residence shall be allocated 
     visas in a number not to exceed 40 percent of the worldwide 
     level authorized in section 201(c), plus any visas not 
     required for the class specified in paragraph (1)(A).''.
       (2) Conforming amendments.--
       (A) Procedure for granting immigrant status.--Section 
     204(f)(1) (8 U.S.C. 1154(f)(1)) is amended by striking 
     ``section 201(b), 203(a)(1), or 203(a)(3),'' and inserting 
     ``section 201(b) or subparagraph (A) or (B) of section 
     203(a)(1)''.
       (B) Automatic conversion.--For the purposes of any petition 
     pending or approved based on a relationship described--
       (i) in subparagraph (A) of section 203(a)(1) of the 
     Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1153(a)(1)), as 
     amended by paragraph (1), and notwithstanding the age of the 
     alien, such a petition shall be deemed reclassified as a 
     petition based on a relationship described in subparagraph 
     (B) of such section 203(a)(1) upon the marriage of such 
     alien; or
       (ii) in subparagraph (B) of such section 203(a)(1), such a 
     petition shall be deemed reclassified as a petition based on 
     a relationship described in subparagraph (A) of such section 
     203(a)(1) upon the legal termination of marriage or death of 
     such alien's spouse.
       (3) Effective date.--The amendments made by this subsection 
     shall take effect on the first day of the first fiscal year 
     that begins at least 18 months following the date of the 
     enactment of this Act.
       (b) Preference Allocation for Employment-Based 
     Immigrants.--
       (1) In general.--Section 201(b)(1) (8 U.S.C. 1151(b)(1)), 
     as amended by sections 2103(c) and 2212(d), is further 
     amended by adding at the end the following:
       ``(H) Derivative beneficiaries as described in section 
     203(d) of employment-based immigrants under section 203(b).
       ``(I) Aliens with extraordinary ability in the sciences, 
     arts, education, business, or athletics which has been 
     demonstrated by sustained national or international acclaim, 
     if, with respect to any such alien--
       ``(i) the achievements of such alien have been recognized 
     in the field through extensive documentation;
       ``(ii) such alien seeks to enter the United States to 
     continue work in the area of extraordinary ability; and
       ``(iii) the entry of such alien into the United States will 
     substantially benefit prospectively the United States.
       ``(J) Aliens who are outstanding professors and researchers 
     if, with respect to any such alien--
       ``(i) the alien is recognized internationally as 
     outstanding in a specific academic area;
       ``(ii) the alien has at least 3 years of experience in 
     teaching or research in the academic area; and
       ``(iii) the alien seeks to enter the United States--

       ``(I) to be employed in a tenured position (or tenure-track 
     position) within a not for profit university or institution 
     of higher education to teach in the academic area;
       ``(II) for employment in a comparable position with a not 
     for profit university or institution of higher education, or 
     a governmental research organization, to conduct research in 
     the area; or
       ``(III) for employment in a comparable position to conduct 
     research in the area with a department, division, or 
     institute of a private employer, if the department, division, 
     or institute employs at least 3 persons full-time in research 
     activities and has achieved documented accomplishments in an 
     academic field.

       ``(K) Aliens who are multinational executives and managers 
     if, with respect to any such alien--
       ``(i) in the 3 years preceding the time of the alien's 
     application for classification and admission into the United 
     States under this subparagraph, the alien has been employed 
     for at least 1 year by a firm or corporation or other legal 
     entity or an affiliate or subsidiary thereof; and
       ``(ii) the alien seeks to enter the United States in order 
     to continue to render services to the same employer or to a 
     subsidiary or affiliate thereof in a capacity that is 
     managerial or executive.
       ``(L) Aliens who have earned a doctorate degree from an 
     institution of higher education in the United States or the 
     foreign equivalent.
       ``(M) Alien physicians who have completed the foreign 
     residency requirements under section 212(e) or obtained a 
     waiver of these requirements or an exemption requested by an 
     interested State agency or by an interested Federal agency 
     under section 214(l), including those alien physicians who 
     completed such service before the date of the enactment of 
     the Border Security, Economic Opportunity, and Immigration 
     Modernization Act.
       ``(N) Advanced degrees in a stem field.--
       ``(i) In general.--An immigrant who--

       ``(I) has earned a master's or higher degree in a field of 
     science, technology, engineering, or mathematics included in 
     the Department of Education's Classification of Instructional 
     Programs taxonomy within the summary groups of computer and 
     information sciences and support services, engineering, 
     mathematics and statistics, biological and biomedical 
     sciences, and physical sciences, from a United States 
     institution of higher education;
       ``(II) has an offer of employment from a United States 
     employer in a field related to such degree; and
       ``(III) earned the qualifying graduate degree during the 5-
     year period immediately before the initial filing date of the 
     petition under which the nonimmigrant is a beneficiary.

       ``(ii) Definition.--In this subparagraph, the term `United 
     States institution of higher education' means an institution 
     that--

       ``(I) is described in section 101(a) of the Higher 
     Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 1001(a)) or is a proprietary 
     institution of higher education (as defined in section 102(b) 
     of such Act (20 U.S.C. 1002(b)));
       ``(II) was classified by the Carnegie Foundation for the 
     Advancement of Teaching on January 1, 2012, as a doctorate-
     granting university with a very high or high level of 
     research activity or classified by the National Science 
     Foundation after the date of enactment of this subparagraph, 
     pursuant to an application by the institution, as having 
     equivalent research activity to those institutions that had 
     been classified by the Carnegie Foundation as being 
     doctorate-granting universities with a very high or high 
     level of research activity; and
       ``(III) is accredited by an accrediting body that is itself 
     accredited either by the Department of Education or by the 
     Council for Higher Education Accreditation.''.

       (2) Exception from labor certification requirement for stem 
     immigrants.--Section 212(a)(5)(D) (8 U.S.C. 1182(a)(5)(D)) is 
     amended to read as follows:
       ``(D) Application of grounds.--
       ``(i) In general.--Except as provided in clause (ii), the 
     grounds for inadmissibility of aliens under subparagraphs (A) 
     and (B) shall apply to immigrants seeking admission or 
     adjustment of status under paragraph (2) or (3) of section 
     203(b).
       ``(ii) Special rule for stem immigrants.--The grounds for 
     inadmissibility of aliens under subparagraph (A) shall not 
     apply to an immigrant seeking admission or adjustment of 
     status under section 203(b)(2)(B) or 201(b)(1)(N).''.
       (c) Technical and Conforming Amendments.--
       (1) Treatment of derivative family members.--Section 203(d) 
     (8 U.S.C. 1153(d)) is amended to read as follows:
       ``(d) Treatment of Family Members.--If accompanying or 
     following to join a spouse or parent issued a visa under 
     subsection (a), (b), or (c), subparagraph (I), (J), (K), (L), 
     or (M) of section 201(b)(1), or section 201(b)(2), a spouse 
     or child (as defined in subparagraph (A), (B), (C), (D), or 
     (E) of section 101(b)(1)) shall be entitled to the same 
     immigrant status and the same order of consideration provided 
     in the respective provision.''.
       (2) Aliens who are priority workers or members of the 
     professions holding advanced degrees.--Section 203(b) (8 
     U.S.C. 1153(b)) is amended--
       (A) in the matter preceding paragraph (1), by striking 
     ``Aliens'' and inserting ``Other than aliens described in 
     paragraph (1) or (2)(B), aliens'';
       (B) in paragraph (1), by striking the matter preceding 
     subparagraph (A) and inserting ``Aliens described in any of 
     the following subparagraphs may be admitted to the United 
     States without respect to the worldwide level specified in 
     section 201(d)''; and
       (C) by amending paragraph (2) to read as follows:
       ``(2) Aliens who are members of professions holding 
     advanced degrees or prospective employees of national 
     security facilities.--
       ``(A) In general.--Visas shall be made available, in a 
     number not to exceed 40 percent of the worldwide level 
     authorized in section 201(d), plus any visas not required for 
     the classes specified in paragraph (5) to qualified 
     immigrants who are either of the following:
       ``(i) Members of the professions holding advanced degrees 
     or their equivalent whose services in the sciences, arts, 
     professions, or business are sought by an employer in the 
     United States, including alien physicians holding foreign 
     medical degrees that have been deemed sufficient for 
     acceptance by an

[[Page S5398]]

     accredited United States medical residency or fellowship 
     program.
       ``(ii) Prospective employees, in a research capacity, of 
     Federal national security, science, and technology 
     laboratories, centers, and agencies, if such immigrants have 
     been lawfully present in the United States for two years 
     prior to employment (unless the Secretary of Homeland 
     Security determines, including upon request of the 
     prospective laboratory, center, or agency, that exceptional 
     circumstances exist justifying waiver of the presence 
     requirement).
       ``(B) Waiver of job offer.--
       ``(i) National interest waiver.--Subject to clause (ii), 
     the Secretary of Homeland Security may, if the Secretary 
     deems it to be in the national interest, waive the 
     requirements of subparagraph (A) that an alien's services in 
     the sciences, arts, professions, or business be sought by an 
     employer in the United States.
       ``(ii) Physicians working in shortage areas or veterans 
     facilities.--

       ``(I) In general.--The Secretary shall grant a national 
     interest waiver pursuant to clause (i) on behalf of any alien 
     physician with respect to whom a petition for preference 
     classification has been filed under subparagraph (A) if--

       ``(aa) the alien physician agrees to work on a full- time 
     basis practicing primary care, specialty medicine, or a 
     combination thereof, in an area or areas designated by the 
     Secretary of Health and Human Services as having a shortage 
     of health care professionals or at a health care facility 
     under the jurisdiction of the Secretary of Veterans Affairs; 
     or
       ``(bb) the alien physician is pursuing such waiver based 
     upon service at a facility or facilities that serve patients 
     who reside in a geographic area or areas designated by the 
     Secretary of Health and Human Services as having a shortage 
     of health care professionals (without regard to whether such 
     facility or facilities are located within such an area) and a 
     Federal agency or a local, county, regional, or State 
     department of public health determines that the alien 
     physician's work at such facility was or will be in the 
     public interest.

       ``(II) Prohibition.--

       ``(aa) No permanent resident visa may be issued to an alien 
     physician described in subclause (I) by the Secretary of 
     State under section 204(b), and the Secretary of Homeland 
     Security may not adjust the status of such an alien physician 
     from that of a nonimmigrant alien to that of a permanent 
     resident alien under section 245, until such time as the 
     alien has worked full time as a physician for an aggregate of 
     5 years (not including the time served in the status of an 
     alien described in section 101(a)(15)(J)), in an area or 
     areas designated by the Secretary of Health and Human 
     Services as having a shortage of health care professionals or 
     at a health care facility under the jurisdiction of the 
     Secretary of Veterans Affairs, or at a facility or facilities 
     meeting the requirements of subclause (I)(bb).
       ``(bb) The 5-year service requirement of item (aa) shall be 
     counted from the date the alien physician begins work in the 
     shortage area in any legal status and not the date an 
     immigrant visa petition is filed or approved. Such service 
     shall be aggregated without regard to when such service began 
     and without regard to whether such service began during or in 
     conjunction with a course of graduate medical education.
       ``(cc) An alien physician shall not be required to submit 
     an employment contract with a term exceeding the balance of 
     the 5-year commitment yet to be served, nor an employment 
     contract dated within a minimum time period prior to filing 
     of a visa petition pursuant to this subsection.
       ``(dd) An alien physician shall not be required to file 
     additional immigrant visa petitions upon a change of work 
     location from the location approved in the original national 
     interest immigrant petition.

       ``(III) Statutory construction.--Nothing in this 
     subparagraph may be construed to prevent the filing of a 
     petition with the Secretary of Homeland Security for 
     classification under section 204(a), by an alien physician 
     described in subclause (I) prior to the date by which such 
     alien physician has completed the service described in 
     subclause (II) or in section 214(l).

       ``(C) Guidance and rules.--The Secretary may prescribe such 
     policy guidance and rules as the Secretary considers 
     appropriate for purposes of subparagraph (A) to ensure 
     national security and promote the interests and 
     competitiveness of the United States. Such rules shall 
     include a definition of the term `Federal national security, 
     science, and technology laboratories, centers, and agencies' 
     for purposes of clause (ii) of subparagraph (A), which shall 
     include the following:
       ``(i) The national security, science, and technology 
     laboratories, centers, and agencies of the Department of 
     Defense, the Department of Energy, the Department of Homeland 
     Security, the elements of the intelligence community (as that 
     term is defined in section 4(3) of the National Security Act 
     of 1947), and any other department or agency of the Federal 
     Government that conducts or funds research and development in 
     the essential national interest.
       ``(ii) Federally funded research and development centers 
     (FFRDCs) that are primarily supported by a department or 
     agency of the Federal Government specified in clause (i).''.
       (3) Skilled workers, professionals, and other workers.--
       (A) In general.--Section 203(b)(3)(A) (8 U.S.C. 
     1153(b)(3)(A)) is amended by striking ``in a number not to 
     exceed 28.6 percent of such worldwide level, plus any visas 
     not required for the classes specified in paragraphs (1) and 
     (2),'' and inserting ``in a number not to exceed 40 percent 
     of the worldwide level authorized in section 201(d), plus any 
     visas not required for the class specified in paragraph 
     (2),''.
       (B) Medical license requirements.--Section 214(i)(2)(A) (8 
     U.S.C. 1184(i)(2)(A)) is amended by adding at the end 
     ``including in the case of a medical doctor, the licensure 
     required to practice medicine in the United States,''.
       (C) Repeal of limitation on other workers.--Section 
     203(b)(3) (8 U.S.C. 1153(b)(3)) is amended--
       (i) by striking subparagraph (B); and
       (ii) redesignated subparagraph (C) as subparagraph (B).
       (4) Certain special immigrants.--Section 203(b)(4) (8 
     U.S.C. 1153(b)(4)) is amended by striking ``in a number not 
     to exceed 7.1 percent of such worldwide level,'' and 
     inserting ``in a number not to exceed 10 percent of the 
     worldwide level authorized in section 201(d), plus any visas 
     not required for the class specified in paragraph (3),''.
       (5) Employment creation.--Section 203(b)(5)(A) (8 U.S.C. 
     1153(b)(5)(A)) is amended by striking ``in a number not to 
     exceed 7.1 percent of such worldwide level,'' and inserting 
     ``in a number not to exceed 10 percent of the worldwide level 
     authorized in section 201(d), plus any visas not required for 
     the class specified in paragraph (4),''.
       (d) Naturalization of Employees of Certain National 
     Security Facilities Without Regard to Residency 
     Requirements.--Section 316 (8 U.S.C. 1427) is amended by 
     adding at the end the following:
       ``(g)(1) Any person who, while an alien or a noncitizen 
     national of the United States, has been employed in a 
     research capacity at a Federal national security, science, 
     and technology laboratory, center, or agency (as defined 
     pursuant to section 203(b)(2)(C)) for a period or periods 
     aggregating one year or more may, in the discretion of the 
     Secretary, be naturalized without regard to the residence 
     requirements of this section if the person--
       ``(A) has complied with all requirements as determined by 
     the Secretary of Homeland Security, the Secretary of Defense, 
     the Secretary of Energy, or the head of a petitioning 
     department or agency of the Federal Government, including 
     contractual requirements to maintain employment in a research 
     capacity with a Federal national security, science, and 
     technology laboratory, center, or agency for a period not to 
     exceed five years; and
       ``(B) has favorably completed and adjudicated a background 
     investigation at the appropriate level, from the employing 
     department or agency of the Federal Government within the 
     last five years.
       ``(2) The number of aliens or noncitizen nationals 
     naturalized in any fiscal year under this subsection shall 
     not exceed a number as defined by the Secretary of Homeland 
     Security, in consultation with the head of the petitioning 
     department or agency of the Federal Government.''.

     SEC. 2308. INCLUSION OF COMMUNITIES ADVERSELY AFFECTED BY A 
                   RECOMMENDATION OF THE DEFENSE BASE CLOSURE AND 
                   REALIGNMENT COMMISSION AS TARGETED EMPLOYMENT 
                   AREAS.

       (a) In General.--Section 203(b)(5)(B)(ii) (8 U.S.C. 
     1153(b)(5)(B)(ii)) is amended by inserting ``, any community 
     adversely affected by a recommendation by the Defense Base 
     Closure and Realignment Commission,'' after ``rural area''.
       (b) Regulations.--The Secretary, in consultation with the 
     Secretary of Defense, shall implement the amendment made by 
     subsection (a) through appropriate regulations.

     SEC. 2309. V NONIMMIGRANT VISAS.

       (a) Nonimmigrant Eligibility.--Subparagraph (V) of section 
     101(a)(15) (8 U.S.C. 1101(a)(15)) is amended to read as 
     follows:
       ``(V)(i) subject to section 214(q)(1) and section 
     212(a)(4), an alien who is the beneficiary of an approved 
     petition under section 203(a) as--
       ``(I) the unmarried son or unmarried daughter of a citizen 
     of the United States;
       ``(II) the unmarried son or unmarried daughter of an alien 
     lawfully admitted for permanent residence; or
       ``(III) the married son or married daughter of a citizen of 
     the United States and who is 31 years of age or younger; or
       ``(ii) subject to section 214(q)(2), an alien who is--
       ``(I) the sibling of a citizen of the United States; or
       ``(II) the married son or married daughter of a citizen of 
     the United States and who is older than 31 years of age;''.
       (b) Employment and Period of Admission of Nonimmigrants 
     Described in Section 101(a)(15)(V).--Section 214(q) (8 U.S.C. 
     1184(q)) is amended to read as follows:
       ``(q) Nonimmigrants Described in Section 101(a)(15)(V).--
       ``(1) Certain sons and daughters.--
       ``(A) Employment authorization.--The Secretary shall--
       ``(i) authorize a nonimmigrant admitted pursuant to section 
     101(a)(15)(V)(i) to engage in employment in the United States 
     during the period of such nonimmigrant's authorized 
     admission; and
       ``(ii) provide such a nonimmigrant with an `employment 
     authorized' endorsement or other appropriate document 
     signifying authorization of employment.

[[Page S5399]]

       ``(B) Termination of admission.--The period of authorized 
     admission for such a nonimmigrant shall terminate 30 days 
     after the date on which--
       ``(i) such nonimmigrant's application for an immigrant visa 
     pursuant to the approval of a petition under subsection (a) 
     or (c) of section 203 is denied; or
       ``(ii) such nonimmigrant's application for adjustment of 
     status under section 245 pursuant to the approval of such a 
     petition is denied.
       ``(2) Siblings and sons and daughters of citizens.--
       ``(A) Employment authorization.--The Secretary may not 
     authorize a nonimmigrant admitted pursuant to section 
     101(a)(15)(V)(ii) to engage in employment in the United 
     States.
       ``(B) Period of admission.--The period of authorized 
     admission as such a nonimmigrant may not exceed 60 days per 
     fiscal year.
       ``(C) Treatment of period of admission.--An alien admitted 
     under section 101(a)(15)(V) may not receive an allocation of 
     points pursuant to section 203(c) for residence in the United 
     States while admitted as such a nonimmigrant.''.
       (c) Public Benefits.--A noncitizen who is lawfully present 
     in the United States pursuant to section 101(a)(15)(V) of the 
     Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1101(a)(15)(V)) is 
     not eligible for any means-tested public benefits (as such 
     term is defined and implemented in section 403 of the 
     Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation 
     Act of 1996 (8 U.S.C. 1613)). A noncitizen admitted under 
     this section--
       (1) is not entitled to the premium assistance tax credit 
     authorized under section 36B of the Internal Revenue Code of 
     1986 for his or her coverage;
       (2) shall be subject to the rules applicable to individuals 
     not lawfully present that are set forth in subsection (e) of 
     such section;
       (3) shall be subject to the rules applicable to individuals 
     not lawfully present that are set forth in section 1402(e) of 
     the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (42 U.S.C. 
     18071(e)); and
       (4) shall be subject to the rules applicable to individuals 
     not lawfully present set forth in section 5000A(d)(3) of the 
     Internal Revenue Code of 1986.
       (d) Effective Date.--The amendments made by this section 
     shall take effect on the first day of the first fiscal year 
     beginning after the date of the enactment of this Act.

     SEC. 2310. FIANCEE AND FIANCE CHILD STATUS PROTECTION.

       (a) Definition.--Section 101(a)(15)(K) (8 U.S.C. 
     1101(a)(15)(K)), as amended by section 2305(d)(6)(B)(i)(I), 
     is further amended--
       (1) in clause (i), by inserting ``or of an alien lawfully 
     admitted for permanent residence'' after 
     ``204(a)(1)(H)(i))'';
       (2) in clause (ii), by inserting ``or of an alien lawfully 
     admitted for permanent residence'' after 
     ``204(a)(1)(H)(i))''; and
       (3) in clause (iii), by striking the semicolon and 
     inserting ``, provided that a determination of the age of 
     such child is made using the age of the alien on the date on 
     which the fiance, fiancee, or immigrant visa petition is 
     filed with the Secretary of Homeland Security to classify the 
     alien's parent as the fiancee or fiance of a United States 
     citizen or of an alien lawfully admitted for permanent 
     residence (in the case of an alien parent described in clause 
     (i)) or as the spouse of a citizen of the United States or of 
     an alien lawfully admitted to permanent residence under 
     section 201(b)(2)(A) (in the case of an alien parent 
     described in clause (ii));''.
       (b) Adjustment of Status Authorized.--Section 214(d) (8 
     U.S.C. 1184(d)) is amended--
       (1) by redesignating paragraphs (2) and (3) as paragraphs 
     (3) and (4), respectively; and
       (2) in paragraph (1), by striking ``In the event'' and all 
     that follows through the end; and
       (3) by inserting after paragraph (1) the following:
       ``(2)(A) If an alien does not marry the petitioner under 
     paragraph (1) within 3 months after the alien and the alien's 
     children are admitted into the United States, the visa 
     previously issued under the provisions of section 
     1101(a)(15)(K)(i) shall automatically expire and such alien 
     and children shall be required to depart from the United 
     States. If such aliens fail to depart from the United States, 
     they shall be placed in proceedings in accordance with 
     sections 240 and 241.
       ``(B) Subject to subparagraphs (C) and (D), if an alien 
     marries the petitioner described in section 101(a)(15)(K)(i) 
     within 90 days after the alien is admitted into the United 
     States, the Secretary or the Attorney General, subject to the 
     provisions of section 245(d), may adjust the status of the 
     alien, and any children accompanying or following to join the 
     alien, to that of an alien lawfully admitted for permanent 
     residence on a conditional basis under section 216 if the 
     alien and any such children apply for such adjustment and are 
     not determined to be inadmissible to the United States. If 
     the alien does not apply for such adjustment within 6 months 
     after the marriage, the visa issued under the provisions of 
     section 1101(a)(15)(K) shall automatically expire.
       ``(C) Paragraphs (5) and (7)(A) of section 212(a) shall not 
     apply to an alien who is eligible to apply for adjustment of 
     the alien's status to an alien lawfully admitted for 
     permanent residence under this section.
       ``(D) An alien eligible for a waiver of inadmissibility as 
     otherwise authorized under this Act or the Border Security, 
     Economic Opportunity, and Immigration Modernization Act shall 
     be permitted to apply for adjustment of the alien's status to 
     that of an alien lawfully admitted for permanent residence 
     under this section.''.
       (c) Age Determination.--Section 245(d) (8 U.S.C. 1255(d)) 
     is amended--
       (1) by striking ``The Attorney General'' and inserting 
     ``(1) The Secretary of Homeland Security'';
       (2) in paragraph (1), as redesignated, by striking 
     ``Attorney General'' and inserting ``Secretary''; and
       (3) by adding at the end the following:
       ``(2) A determination of the age of an alien admitted to 
     the United States under section 101(a)(15)(K)(iii) shall be 
     made, for purposes of adjustment to the status of an alien 
     lawfully admitted for permanent residence on a conditional 
     basis under section 216, using the age of the alien on the 
     date on which the fiance, fiancee, or immigrant visa petition 
     was filed with the Secretary of Homeland Security to classify 
     the alien's parent as the fiancee or fiance of a United 
     States citizen or of an alien lawfully admitted to permanent 
     residence (in the case of an alien parent admitted to the 
     United States under section 101(a)(15)(K)(i)) or as the 
     spouse of a United States citizen or of an alien lawfully 
     admitted to permanent residence under section 201(b)(2)(A) 
     (in the case of an alien parent admitted to the United States 
     under section 101(a)(15)(K)(ii)).''.
       (d) Applicability.--The amendments made by this section 
     shall apply to all petitions or applications described in 
     such amendments that are pending as of the date of the 
     enactment of the Border Security, Economic Opportunity, and 
     Immigration Modernization Act.
       (e) Technical and Conforming Amendments.--
       (1) Definitions.--Section 101(a)(15)(K) (8 U.S.C. 
     1101(a)(15)(K)), as amended by subsection (a), is further 
     amended--
       (A) in clause (ii), by striking ``section 201(b)(2)(A)(i)'' 
     and inserting ``section 201(b)(2)''; and
       (B) in clause (iii), by striking ``section 
     201(b)(2)(A)(i)'' and inserting ``section 201(b)(2)''.
       (2) Age determination.--Paragraph (2) of section 245(d) (8 
     U.S.C. 1255(d)), as added by subsection (c), is amended by 
     striking section ``201(b)(2)(A)(i)'' and inserting 
     ``201(b)(2)''.
       (3) Effective date.--The amendments made by this subsection 
     shall take effect on the first day of the first fiscal year 
     beginning no earlier than 1 year after the date of the 
     enactment of this Act.

     SEC. 2311. EQUAL TREATMENT FOR ALL STEPCHILDREN.

       Section 101(b)(1)(B) (8 U.S.C. 1101(b)(1)(B)) is amended by 
     striking ``eighteen years'' and inserting ``21 years''.

     SEC. 2312. MODIFICATION OF ADOPTION AGE REQUIREMENTS.

       Section 101(b)(1) (8 U.S.C. 1101(b)(1)) is amended--
       (1) in subparagraph (E)--
       (A) by striking ``(E)(i)'' and inserting ``(E)'';
       (B) by striking ``under the age of sixteen years'' and 
     inserting ``younger than 18 years of age, or a child adopted 
     when 18 years of age or older if the adopting parent or 
     parents initiated the legal adoption process before the child 
     reached 18 years of age'';
       (C) by striking ``; or'' and inserting a semicolon; and
       (D) by striking clause (ii);
       (2) in subparagraph (F)--
       (A) by striking ``(F)(i)'' and inserting ``(F)'';
       (B) by striking ``sixteen'' and inserting ``18'';
       (C) by striking ``Attorney General'' and inserting 
     ``Secretary of Homeland Security''; and
       (D) by striking clause (ii); and
       (3) in subparagraph (G), by striking ``16'' and inserting 
     ``18''.

     SEC. 2313. RELIEF FOR ORPHANS, WIDOWS, AND WIDOWERS.

       (a) In General.--
       (1) Special rule for orphans and spouses.--In applying 
     clauses (iii) and (iv) of section 201(b)(2)(B) of the 
     Immigration and Nationality Act, as added by section 2305(a) 
     of this Act, to an alien whose citizen or lawful permanent 
     resident relative died before the date of the enactment of 
     this Act, the alien relative may file the classification 
     petition under section 204(a)(1)(A)(ii) of the Immigration 
     and Nationality Act not later than 2 years after the date of 
     the enactment of this Act.
       (2) Eligibility for parole.--If an alien was excluded, 
     deported, removed, or departed voluntarily before the date of 
     the enactment of this Act based solely upon the alien's lack 
     of classification as an immediate relative (as defined in 
     section 201(b)(2)(B)(iv) of the Immigration and Nationality 
     Act, as amended by section 2305(a) of this Act) due to the 
     death of such citizen or resident--
       (A) such alien shall be eligible for parole into the United 
     States pursuant to the Secretary's discretionary authority 
     under section 212(d)(5) of such Act (8 U.S.C. 1182(d)(5)); 
     and
       (B) such alien's application for adjustment of status shall 
     be considered by the Secretary notwithstanding section 
     212(a)(9) of such Act (8 U.S.C. 1182(a)(9)).
       (3) Eligibility for parole.--If an alien described in 
     section 204(l) of the Immigration

[[Page S5400]]

     and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1154(l)) was excluded, 
     deported, removed, or departed voluntarily before the date of 
     the enactment of this Act--
       (A) such alien shall be eligible for parole into the United 
     States pursuant to the Secretary's discretionary authority 
     under section 212(d)(5) of such Act (8 U.S.C. 1182(d)(5)); 
     and
       (B) such alien's application for adjustment of status shall 
     be considered by the Secretary notwithstanding section 
     212(a)(9) of such Act (8 U.S.C. 1182(a)(9)).
       (b) Processing of Immigrant Visas and Derivative 
     Petitions.--
       (1) In general.--Section 204(b) (8 U.S.C. 1154(b)) is 
     amended--
       (A) by striking ``After an investigation'' and inserting 
     ``(1) After an investigation''; and
       (B) by adding at the end the following:
       ``(2)(A) Any alien described in subparagraph (B) whose 
     qualifying relative died before the completion of immigrant 
     visa processing may have an immigrant visa application 
     adjudicated as if such death had not occurred. An immigrant 
     visa issued before the death of the qualifying relative shall 
     remain valid after such death.
       ``(B) An alien described in this subparagraph is an alien 
     who--
       ``(i) is an immediate relative (as described in section 
     201(b)(2)(B));
       ``(ii) is a family-sponsored immigrant (as described in 
     subsection (a) or (d) of section 203);
       ``(iii) is a derivative beneficiary of an employment-based 
     immigrant under section 203(b) (as described in section 
     203(d)); or
       ``(iv) is the spouse or child of a refugee (as described in 
     section 207(c)(2)) or an asylee (as described in section 
     208(b)(3)).''.
       (2) Transition period.--
       (A) In general.--Notwithstanding a denial or revocation of 
     an application for an immigrant visa for an alien due to the 
     death of the qualifying relative before the date of the 
     enactment of this Act, such application may be renewed by the 
     alien through a motion to reopen, without fee.
       (B) Inapplicability of bars to entry.--Notwithstanding 
     section 212(a)(9) of the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 
     U.S.C. 1182(a)(9)), an alien's application for an immigrant 
     visa shall be considered if the alien was excluded, deported, 
     removed, or departed voluntarily before the date of the 
     enactment of this Act.
       (c) Naturalization.--Section 319(a) (8 U.S.C. 1430(a)) is 
     amended by striking ``States,'' and inserting ``States (or if 
     the spouse is deceased, the spouse was a citizen of the 
     United States),''.
       (d) Waivers of Inadmissibility.--Section 212 (8 U.S.C. 
     1182) is amended by adding at the end the following:
       ``(v) Continued Waiver Eligibility for Widows, Widowers, 
     and Orphans.--In the case of an alien who would have been 
     statutorily eligible for any waiver of inadmissibility under 
     this Act but for the death of a qualifying relative, the 
     eligibility of such alien shall be preserved as if the death 
     had not occurred and the death of the qualifying relative 
     shall be the functional equivalent of hardship for purposes 
     of any waiver of inadmissibility which requires a showing of 
     hardship.''.
       (e) Surviving Relative Consideration for Certain Petitions 
     and Applications.--Section 204(l)(1) (8 U.S.C. 1154(l)(1)) is 
     amended--
       (1) by striking ``who resided in the United States at the 
     time of the death of the qualifying relative and who 
     continues to reside in the United States''; and
       (2) by striking ``related applications,'' and inserting 
     ``related applications (including affidavits of support),''.
       (f) Family-sponsored Immigrants.--Section 212(a)(4)(C)(i) 
     (8 U.S.C. 1182(a)(4)(C)(i)), as amended by section 
     2305(d)(6)(B)(iii), is further amended by adding at the end 
     the following:

       ``(III) the status as a surviving relative under 204(l); 
     or''.

     SEC. 2314. DISCRETIONARY AUTHORITY WITH RESPECT TO REMOVAL, 
                   DEPORTATION, OR INADMISSIBILITY OF CITIZEN AND 
                   RESIDENT IMMEDIATE FAMILY MEMBERS.

       (a) Applications for Relief From Removal.--Section 
     240(c)(4) (8 U.S.C. 1229a(c)(4)) is amended by adding at the 
     end the following:
       ``(D) Judicial discretion.--In the case of an alien subject 
     to removal, deportation, or inadmissibility, the immigration 
     judge may exercise discretion to decline to order the alien 
     removable, deportable, or inadmissible from the United States 
     and terminate proceedings if the judge determines that such 
     removal, deportation, or inadmissibility is against the 
     public interest or would result in hardship to the alien's 
     United States citizen or lawful permanent resident parent, 
     spouse, or child, or the judge determines the alien is prima 
     facie eligible for naturalization except that this 
     subparagraph shall not apply to an alien whom the judge 
     determines--
       ``(i) is inadmissible or deportable under--

       ``(I) subparagraph (B), (C), (D)(ii), (E), (H), (I), or (J) 
     of section 212(a)(2);
       ``(II) section 212(a)(3);
       ``(III) subparagraph (A), (C), or (D) of section 
     212(a)(10); or
       ``(IV) paragraph (2)(A)(ii), (2)(A)(v), (2)(F), (4), or (6) 
     of section 237(a); or

       ``(ii) has--

       ``(I) engaged in conduct described in paragraph (8) or (9) 
     of section 103 of the Trafficking Victims Protection Act of 
     2000 (22 U.S.C. 7102); or
       ``(II) a felony conviction described in section 101(a)(43) 
     that would have been classified as an aggravated felony at 
     the time of conviction.''.

       (b) Secretary's Discretion.--Section 212 (8 U.S.C. 1182), 
     as amended by section 2313(d), is further amended by adding 
     at the end the following:
       ``(w) Secretary's Discretion.--In the case of an alien who 
     is inadmissible under this section or deportable under 
     section 237, the Secretary of Homeland Security may exercise 
     discretion to waive a ground of inadmissibility or 
     deportability if the Secretary determines that such removal 
     or refusal of admission is against the public interest or 
     would result in hardship to the alien's United States citizen 
     or permanent resident parent, spouse, or child. This 
     subsection shall not apply to an alien whom the Secretary 
     determines--
       ``(1) is inadmissible or deportable under--
       ``(A) subparagraph (B), (C), (D)(ii), (E), (H), (I), or (J) 
     of subsection (a)(2);
       ``(B) subsection (a)(3);
       ``(C) subparagraph (A), (C), or (D) of subsection (a)(10);
       ``(D) paragraphs (2)(A)(ii), (2)(A)(v), (2)(F), or (6) of 
     section 237(a); or
       ``(E) section 240(c)(4)(D)(ii)(II); or
       ``(2) has--
       ``(A) engaged in conduct described in paragraph (8) or (9) 
     of section 103 of the Trafficking Victims Protection Act of 
     2000 (22 U.S.C. 7102); or
       ``(B) a felony conviction described in section 101(a)(43) 
     that would have been classified as an aggravated felony at 
     the time of conviction.''.
       (c) Reinstatement of Removal Orders.--Section 241(a)(5) (8 
     U.S.C. 1231(a)(5)) is amended by striking the period at the 
     end and inserting ``, unless the alien reentered prior to 
     attaining the age of 18 years, or reinstatement of the prior 
     order of removal would not be in the public interest or would 
     result in hardship to the alien's United States citizen or 
     permanent resident parent, spouse, or child.''.

     SEC. 2315. WAIVERS OF INADMISSIBILITY.

       (a) Aliens Who Entered as Children.--Section 
     212(a)(9)(B)(iii) (8 U.S.C. 1182(a)(9)(B)(iii)) is amended by 
     adding at the end the following:

       ``(VI) Aliens who entered as children.--Clause (i) shall 
     not apply to an alien who is the beneficiary of an approved 
     petition under 101(a)(15)(H) and who has earned a 
     baccalaureate or higher degree from a United States 
     institution of higher education (as defined in section 101(a) 
     of the Higher Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 1001(a)), and 
     had not yet reached the age of 16 years at the time of 
     initial entry to the United States.''.

       (b) Aliens Unlawfully Present.--Section 212(a)(9)(B)(v) (8 
     U.S.C. 1181(a)(9)(B)(v) is amended--
       (1) by striking ``spouse or son or daughter'' and inserting 
     ``spouse, son, daughter, or parent'';
       (2) by striking ``extreme''; and
       (3) by inserting ``, child,'' after ``lawfully resident 
     spouse''.
       (c) Previous Immigration Violations.--Section 
     212(a)(9)(C)(i) (8 U.S.C. 1182(a)(9)(C)(i)) is amended by 
     adding ``, other than an alien described in clause (iii) or 
     (iv) of subparagraph (B),'' after ``Any alien''.
       (d) False Claims.--
       (1) Inadmissibility.--
       (A) In general.--Section 212(a)(6)(C) (8 U.S.C. 
     1182(a)(6)(C)) is amended to read as follows:
       ``(C) Misrepresentation.--
       ``(i) In general.--Any alien who, by fraud or willfully 
     misrepresenting a material fact, seeks to procure (or within 
     the last 3 years has sought to procure or has procured) a 
     visa, other documentation, or admission into the United 
     States or other benefit provided under this Act is 
     inadmissible.
       ``(ii) Falsely claiming citizenship.--

       ``(I) Inadmissibility.--Subject to subclause (II), any 
     alien who knowingly misrepresents himself or herself to be a 
     citizen of the United States for any purpose or benefit under 
     this chapter (including section 274A) or any other Federal or 
     State law is inadmissible.
       ``(II) Special rule for children.--An alien shall not be 
     inadmissible under this clause if the misrepresentation 
     described in subclause (I) was made by the alien when the 
     alien--

       ``(aa) was under 18 years of age; or
       ``(bb) otherwise lacked the mental competence to knowingly 
     misrepresent a claim of United States citizenship.
       ``(iii) Waiver.--The Attorney General or the Secretary of 
     Homeland Security may, in the discretion of the Attorney 
     General or the Secretary, waive the application of clause (i) 
     or (ii)(I) for an alien, regardless whether the alien is 
     within or outside the United States, if the Attorney General 
     or the Secretary finds that a determination of 
     inadmissibility to the United States for such alien would--

       ``(I) result in extreme hardship to the alien or to the 
     alien's parent, spouse, son, or daughter who is a citizen of 
     the United States or an alien lawfully admitted for permanent 
     residence; or
       ``(II) in the case of a VAWA self-petitioner, result in 
     significant hardship to the alien or a parent or child of the 
     alien who is a citizen of the United States, an alien 
     lawfully admitted for permanent residence, or a qualified 
     alien (as defined in section 431 of the Personal 
     Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act of 
     1996 (8 U.S.C. 1641(b))).

[[Page S5401]]

       ``(iv) Limitation on review.--No court shall have 
     jurisdiction to review a decision or action of the Attorney 
     General or the Secretary regarding a waiver under clause 
     (iii).''.
       (B) Conforming amendment.--Section 212 (8 U.S.C. 1182) is 
     amended by striking subsection (i).
       (2) Deportability.--Section 237(a)(3)(D) (8 U.S.C. 
     1227(a)(3)(D)) is amended to read as follows:
       ``(D) Falsely claiming citizenship.--Any alien described in 
     section 212(a)(6)(C)(ii) is deportable.''.

     SEC. 2316. CONTINUOUS PRESENCE.

       Section 240A(d)(1) (8 U.S.C. 1229b(d)(1)) is amended to 
     read as follows:
       ``(1) Termination of continuous period.--For purposes of 
     this section, any period of continuous residence or 
     continuous physical presence in the United States shall be 
     deemed to end, except in the case of an alien who applies for 
     cancellation of removal under subsection (b)(2), on the date 
     that a notice to appear is filed with the Executive Office 
     for Immigration Review pursuant to section 240.''.

     SEC. 2317. GLOBAL HEALTH CARE COOPERATION.

       (a) Temporary Absence of Aliens Providing Health Care in 
     Developing Countries.--
       (1) In general.--Title III (8 U.S.C. 1401 et seq.) is 
     amended by inserting after section 317 the following:

     ``SEC. 317A. TEMPORARY ABSENCE OF ALIENS PROVIDING HEALTH 
                   CARE IN DEVELOPING COUNTRIES.

       ``(a) In General.--Notwithstanding any other provision of 
     this Act, the Secretary of Homeland Security shall allow an 
     eligible alien and the spouse or child of such alien to 
     reside in a candidate country during the period that the 
     eligible alien is working as a physician or other health care 
     worker in a candidate country. During such period the 
     eligible alien and such spouse or child shall be considered--
       ``(1) to be physically present and residing in the United 
     States for purposes of naturalization under section 316(a); 
     and
       ``(2) to meet the continuous residency requirements under 
     section 316(b).
       ``(b) Definitions.--In this section:
       ``(1) Candidate country.--The term `candidate country' 
     means a country that the Secretary of State determines to 
     be--
       ``(A) eligible for assistance from the International 
     Development Association, in which the per capita income of 
     the country is equal to or less than the historical ceiling 
     of the International Development Association for the 
     applicable fiscal year, as defined by the International Bank 
     for Reconstruction and Development;
       ``(B) classified as a lower middle income country in the 
     then most recent edition of the World Development Report for 
     Reconstruction and Development published by the International 
     Bank for Reconstruction and Development and having an income 
     greater than the historical ceiling for International 
     Development Association eligibility for the applicable fiscal 
     year; or
       ``(C) qualified to be a candidate country due to special 
     circumstances, including natural disasters or public health 
     emergencies.
       ``(2) Eligible alien.--The term `eligible alien' means an 
     alien who--
       ``(A) has been lawfully admitted to the United States for 
     permanent residence; and
       ``(B) is a physician or other healthcare worker.
       ``(c) Consultation.--The Secretary of Homeland Security 
     shall consult with the Secretary of State in carrying out 
     this section.
       ``(d) Publication.--The Secretary of State shall publish--
       ``(1) not later than 180 days after the date of the 
     enactment of the Border Security, Economic Opportunity, and 
     Immigration Modernization Act, a list of candidate countries;
       ``(2) an updated version of the list required by paragraph 
     (1) not less often than once each year; and
       ``(3) an amendment to the list required by paragraph (1) at 
     the time any country qualifies as a candidate country due to 
     special circumstances under subsection (b)(1)(C).''.
       (2) Rulemaking.--
       (A) Requirement.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
     the enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall promulgate 
     regulations to carry out the amendments made by this 
     subsection.
       (B) Content.--The regulations promulgated pursuant to 
     subparagraph (A) shall--
       (i) permit an eligible alien (as defined in section 317A of 
     the Immigration and Nationality Act, as added by subsection 
     (a)) and the spouse or child of the eligible alien to reside 
     in a foreign country to work as a physician or other 
     healthcare worker as described in subsection (a) of such 
     section 317A for not less than a 12-month period and not more 
     than a 24-month period, and shall permit the Secretary to 
     extend such period for an additional period not to exceed 12 
     months, if the Secretary determines that such country has a 
     continuing need for such a physician or other healthcare 
     worker;
       (ii) provide for the issuance of documents by the Secretary 
     to such eligible alien, and such spouse or child, if 
     appropriate, to demonstrate that such eligible alien, and 
     such spouse or child, if appropriate, is authorized to reside 
     in such country under such section 317A; and
       (iii) provide for an expedited process through which the 
     Secretary shall review applications for such an eligible 
     alien to reside in a foreign country pursuant to subsection 
     (a) of such section 317A if the Secretary of State determines 
     a country is a candidate country pursuant to subsection 
     (b)(1)(C) of such section 317A.
       (3) Technical and conforming amendments.--
       (A) Definition.--Section 101(a)(13)(C)(ii) (8 U.S.C. 
     1101(a)(13)(C)(ii)) is amended by adding ``except in the case 
     of an eligible alien, or the spouse or child of such alien, 
     who is authorized to be absent from the United States under 
     section 317A,'' at the end.
       (B) Documentary requirements.--Section 211(b) (8 U.S.C. 
     1181(b)) is amended by inserting ``, including an eligible 
     alien authorized to reside in a foreign country under section 
     317A and the spouse or child of such eligible alien, if 
     appropriate,'' after ``101(a)(27)(A),''.
       (C) Ineligible aliens.--Section 212(a)(7)(A)(i)(I) (8 
     U.S.C. 1182(a)(7)(A)(i)(I)) is amended by inserting ``other 
     than an eligible alien authorized to reside in a foreign 
     country under section 317A and the spouse or child of such 
     eligible alien, if appropriate,'' after ``Act,''.
       (4) Clerical amendment.--The table of contents of such Act 
     is amended by inserting after the item relating to section 
     317 the following:

``Sec. 317A. Temporary absence of aliens providing health care in 
              developing countries.''.

       (b) Attestation by Health Care Workers.--
       (1) Attestation requirement.--Section 212(a)(5) (8 U.S.C. 
     1182(a)(5)) is amended by adding at the end the following:
       ``(E) Health care workers with other obligations.--
       ``(i) In general.--An alien who seeks to enter the United 
     States for the purpose of performing labor as a physician or 
     other health care worker is inadmissible unless the alien 
     submits to the Secretary of Homeland Security or the 
     Secretary of State, as appropriate, an attestation that the 
     alien is not seeking to enter the United States for such 
     purpose during any period in which the alien has an 
     outstanding obligation to the government of the alien's 
     country of origin or the alien's country of residence.
       ``(ii) Obligation defined.--In this subparagraph, the term 
     `obligation' means an obligation incurred as part of a valid, 
     voluntary individual agreement in which the alien received 
     financial assistance to defray the costs of education or 
     training to qualify as a physician or other health care 
     worker in consideration for a commitment to work as a 
     physician or other health care worker in the alien's country 
     of origin or the alien's country of residence.
       ``(iii) Waiver.--The Secretary of Homeland Security may 
     waive a finding of inadmissibility under clause (i) if the 
     Secretary determines that--

       ``(I) the obligation was incurred by coercion or other 
     improper means;
       ``(II) the alien and the government of the country to which 
     the alien has an outstanding obligation have reached a valid, 
     voluntary agreement, pursuant to which the alien's obligation 
     has been deemed satisfied, or the alien has shown to the 
     satisfaction of the Secretary that the alien has been unable 
     to reach such an agreement because of coercion or other 
     improper means; or
       ``(III) the obligation should not be enforced due to other 
     extraordinary circumstances, including undue hardship that 
     would be suffered by the alien in the absence of a waiver.''.

       (2) Effective date.--The amendment made by paragraph (1) 
     shall take effect on the date that is 180 days after the date 
     of the enactment of this Act.
       (3) Application.--Not later than the effective date 
     described in paragraph (2), the Secretary shall begin to 
     carry out subparagraph (E) of section 212(a)(5) of the 
     Immigration and Nationality Act, as added by paragraph (1), 
     including the requirement for the attestation and the 
     granting of a waiver described in clause (iii) of such 
     subparagraph (E), regardless of whether regulations to 
     implement such subparagraph have been promulgated.

     SEC. 2318. EXTENSION AND IMPROVEMENT OF THE IRAQI SPECIAL 
                   IMMIGRANT VISA PROGRAM.

       The Refugee Crisis in Iraq Act of 2007 (8 U.S.C. 1157 note) 
     is amended--
       (1) in section 1242, by amending subsection (c) to read as 
     follows:
       ``(c) Improved Application Process.--Not later than 120 
     days after the date of the enactment of the Border Security, 
     Economic Opportunity, and Immigration Modernization Act, the 
     Secretary of State and the Secretary of Homeland Security, in 
     consultation with the Secretary of Defense, shall improve the 
     efficiency by which applications for special immigrant visas 
     under section 1244(a) are processed so that all steps 
     incidental to the issuance of such visas, including required 
     screenings and background checks, are completed not later 
     than 9 months after the date on which an eligible alien 
     applies for such visa.'';
       (2) in section 1244--
       (A) in subsection (b)--
       (i) in paragraph (1)--

       (I) by amending subparagraph (B) to read as follows:

       ``(B) was or is employed in Iraq on or after March 20, 
     2003, for not less than 1 year, by, or on behalf of--
       ``(i) the United States Government;

[[Page S5402]]

       ``(ii) a media or nongovernmental organization 
     headquartered in the United States; or
       ``(iii) an organization or entity closely associated with 
     the United States mission in Iraq that has received United 
     States Government funding through an official and documented 
     contract, award, grant, or cooperative agreement;'';

       (II) in subparagraph (C), by striking ``the United States 
     Government'' and inserting ``an entity or organization 
     described in subparagraph (B)''; and
       (III) in subparagraph (D), by striking by striking ``the 
     United States Government.'' and inserting ``such entity or 
     organization.''; and

       (ii) in paragraph (4)--

       (I) by striking ``A recommendation'' and inserting the 
     following:

       ``(A) In general.--Except as provided under subparagraph 
     (B), a recommendation'';

       (II) by striking ``the United States Government prior'' and 
     inserting ``an entity or organization described in paragraph 
     (1)(B) prior''; and
       (III) by adding at the end the following:

       ``(B) Review process for denial by chief of mission.--
       ``(i) In general.--An applicant who has been denied Chief 
     of Mission approval required by subparagraph (A) shall--

       ``(I) receive a written decision; and
       ``(II) be provided 120 days from the date of the decision 
     to request reopening of the decision to provide additional 
     information, clarify existing information, or explain any 
     unfavorable information.

       ``(ii) Senior coordinator.--The Secretary of State shall 
     designate, in the Embassy of the United States in Baghdad, 
     Iraq, a senior coordinator responsible for overseeing the 
     efficiency and integrity of the processing of special 
     immigrant visas under this section, who shall be given--

       ``(I) sufficiently high security clearance to review Chief 
     of Mission denials in cases that appear to have relied upon 
     insufficient or incorrect information; and
       ``(II) responsibility for ensuring that an applicant 
     described in clause (i) receives the information described in 
     clause (i)(I).''; and

       (B) in subsection (c)(3), by adding at the end the 
     following:
       ``(C) Subsequent fiscal years.--Notwithstanding 
     subparagraphs (A) and (B), and consistent with subsection 
     (b), any unused balance of the total number of principal 
     aliens who may be provided special immigrant status under 
     this section in fiscal years 2008 through 2012 may be carried 
     forward and provided through the end of fiscal year 2018.''; 
     and
       (3) in section 1248, by adding at the end the following:
       ``(f) Report on Improvements.--
       ``(1) In general.--Not later than 120 days after the date 
     of the enactment of the Border Security, Economic 
     Opportunity, and Immigration Modernization Act, the Secretary 
     of State and the Secretary of Homeland Security, in 
     consultation with the Secretary of Defense, shall submit a 
     report, with a classified annex, if necessary, to--
       ``(A) the Committee on the Judiciary of the Senate;
       ``(B) the Committee on Foreign Relations of the Senate;
       ``(C) the Committee on the Judiciary of the House of 
     Representatives; and
       ``(D) the Committee on Foreign Affairs of the House of 
     Representatives.
       ``(2) Contents.--The report submitted under paragraph (1) 
     shall describe the implementation of improvements to the 
     processing of applications for special immigrant visas under 
     section 1244(a), including information relating to--
       ``(A) enhancing existing systems for conducting background 
     and security checks of persons applying for special immigrant 
     status, which shall--
       ``(i) support immigration security; and
       ``(ii) provide for the orderly processing of such 
     applications without delay;
       ``(B) the financial, security, and personnel considerations 
     and resources necessary to carry out this subtitle;
       ``(C) the number of aliens who have applied for special 
     immigrant visas under section 1244 during each month of the 
     preceding fiscal year;
       ``(D) the reasons for the failure to expeditiously process 
     any applications that have been pending for longer than 9 
     months;
       ``(E) the total number of applications that are pending due 
     to the failure--
       ``(i) to receive approval from the Chief of Mission;
       ``(ii) for U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services to 
     complete the adjudication of the Form I-360;
       ``(iii) to conduct a visa interview; or
       ``(iv) to issue the visa to an eligible alien;
       ``(F) the average wait times for an applicant at each of 
     the stages described in subparagraph (E);
       ``(G) the number of denials or rejections at each of the 
     stages described in subparagraph (E); and
       ``(H) a breakdown of reasons for denials at by the Chief of 
     Mission based on the categories already made available to 
     denied special immigrant visa applicants in the denial letter 
     sent to them by the Chief of Mission.
       ``(g) Public Quarterly Reports.--Not later than 120 days 
     after the date of the enactment of the Border Security, 
     Economic Opportunity, and Immigration Modernization Act, and 
     every 3 months thereafter, the Secretary of State and the 
     Secretary of Homeland Security, in consultation with the 
     Secretary of Defense, shall publish a report on the website 
     of the Department of State that describes the efficiency 
     improvements made in the process by which applications for 
     special immigrant visas under section 1244(a) are processed, 
     including information described in subparagraphs (C) through 
     (H) of subsection (f)(2).''.

     SEC. 2319. EXTENSION AND IMPROVEMENT OF THE AFGHAN SPECIAL 
                   IMMIGRANT VISA PROGRAM.

       Section 602(b) of the Afghan Allies Protection Act of 2009 
     (8 U.S.C. 1101 note) is amended--
       (1) in paragraph (2)--
       (A) in subparagraph (A)--
       (i) by amending clause (ii) to read as follows:
       ``(ii) was or is employed in Afghanistan on or after 
     October 7, 2001, for not less than 1 year, by, or on behalf 
     of--

       ``(I) the United States Government;
       ``(II) a media or nongovernmental organization 
     headquartered in the United States; or
       ``(III) an organization or entity closely associated with 
     the United States mission in Afghanistan that has received 
     United States Government funding through an official and 
     documented contract, award, grant, or cooperative 
     agreement;'';

       (ii) in clause (iii), by striking ``the United States 
     Government'' and inserting ``an entity or organization 
     described in clause (ii)''; and
       (iii) in clause (iv), by striking by striking ``the United 
     States Government.'' and inserting ``such entity or 
     organization.'';
       (B) by amending subparagraph (B) to read as follows:
       ``(B) Family members.--An alien is described in this 
     subparagraph if the alien is--
       ``(i) the spouse or minor child of a principal alien 
     described in subparagraph (A) who is accompanying or 
     following to join the principal alien in the United States; 
     or
       ``(ii)(I) the spouse, child, parent, or sibling of a 
     principal alien described in subparagraph (A), whether or not 
     accompanying or following to join; and
       ``(II) has experienced or is experiencing an ongoing 
     serious threat as a consequence of the qualifying employment 
     of a principal alien described in subparagraph (A).''; and
       (C) in subparagraph (D)--
       (i) by striking ``A recommendation'' and inserting the 
     following:
       ``(i) In general.--Except as provided under clause (ii), a 
     recommendation'';
       (ii) by striking ``the United States Government prior'' and 
     inserting ``an entity or organization described in paragraph 
     (2)(A)(ii) prior''; and
       (iii) by adding at the end the following:
       ``(ii) Review process for denial by chief of mission.--

       ``(I) In general.--An applicant who has been denied Chief 
     of Mission approval shall--

       ``(aa) receive a written decision; and
       ``(bb) be provided 120 days from the date of receipt of 
     such opinion to request reconsideration of the decision to 
     provide additional information, clarify existing information, 
     or explain any unfavorable information.

       ``(II) Senior coordinator.--The Secretary of State shall 
     designate, in the Embassy of the United States in Kabul, 
     Afghanistan, a senior coordinator responsible for overseeing 
     the efficiency and integrity of the processing of special 
     immigrant visas under this section, who shall be given--

       ``(aa) sufficiently high security clearance to review Chief 
     of Mission denials in cases that appear to have relied upon 
     insufficient or incorrect information; and
       ``(bb) responsibility for ensuring that an applicant 
     described in subclause (I) receives the information described 
     in subclause (I)(aa).'';
       (2) in paragraph (3)(C), by amending clause (iii) to read 
     as follows:
       ``(iii) Fiscal years 2014 through 2018.--For each of the 
     fiscal years 2014 through 2018, the total number of principal 
     aliens who may be provided special immigrant status under 
     this section may not exceed the sum of--

       ``(I) 5,000;
       ``(II) the difference between the number of special 
     immigrant visas allocated under this section for fiscal years 
     2009 through 2013 and the number of such allocated visas that 
     were issued; and
       ``(III) any unused balance of the total number of principal 
     aliens who may be provided special immigrant status in fiscal 
     years 2014 through 2018 that have been carried forward.'';

       (3) in paragraph (4)--
       (A) in the heading, by striking ``Prohibition on fees.--'' 
     and inserting ``Application process.--'';
       (B) by striking ``The Secretary'' and inserting the 
     following:
       ``(A) In general.--Not later than 120 days after the date 
     of enactment of the Border Security, Economic Opportunity, 
     and Immigration Modernization Act, the Secretary of State and 
     the Secretary of Homeland Security, in consultation with the 
     Secretary of Defense, shall improve the efficiency by which 
     applications for special immigrant visas under paragraph (1) 
     are processed so that all steps incidental to the issuance of 
     such visas, including required screenings and background 
     checks, are completed not later than 6 months after the date 
     on which an eligible alien applies for such visa.
       ``(B) Prohibition on fees.--The Secretary''; and
       (4) by adding at the end the following:
       ``(12) Report on improvements.--Not later than 120 days 
     after the date of the enactment

[[Page S5403]]

     of the Border Security, Economic Opportunity, and Immigration 
     Modernization Act, the Secretary of State and the Secretary 
     of Homeland Security, in consultation with the Secretary of 
     Defense, shall submit to the appropriate committees of 
     Congress a report, with a classified annex, if necessary, 
     that describes the implementation of improvements to the 
     processing of applications for special immigrant visas under 
     this subsection, including information relating to--
       ``(A) enhancing existing systems for conducting background 
     and security checks of persons applying for special immigrant 
     status, which shall--
       ``(i) support immigration security; and
       ``(ii) provide for the orderly processing of such 
     applications without delay;
       ``(B) the financial, security, and personnel considerations 
     and resources necessary to carry out this section;
       ``(C) the number of aliens who have applied for special 
     immigrant visas under this subsection during each month of 
     the preceding fiscal year;
       ``(D) the reasons for the failure to expeditiously process 
     any applications that have been pending for longer than 9 
     months;
       ``(E) the total number of applications that are pending due 
     to the failure--
       ``(i) to receive approval from the Chief of Mission;
       ``(ii) for U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services to 
     complete the adjudication of the Form I-360;
       ``(iii) to conduct a visa interview; or
       ``(iv) to issue the visa to an eligible alien;
       ``(F) the average wait times for an applicant at each of 
     the stages described in subparagraph (E);
       ``(G) the number of denials or rejections at each of the 
     stages described in subparagraph (E); and
       ``(H) a breakdown of reasons for denials by the Chief of 
     Mission based on the categories already made available to 
     denied special immigrant visa applicants in the denial letter 
     sent to them by the Chief of Mission.
       ``(13) Public quarterly reports.--Not later than 120 days 
     after the date of the enactment of the Border Security, 
     Economic Opportunity, and Immigration Modernization Act, and 
     every 3 months thereafter, the Secretary of State and the 
     Secretary of Homeland Security, in consultation with the 
     Secretary of Defense, shall publish a report on the website 
     of the Department of State that describes the efficiency 
     improvements made in the process by which applications for 
     special immigrant visas under this subsection are processed, 
     including information described in subparagraph (C) through 
     (H) of paragraph (12).''.

     SEC. 2320. SPECIAL IMMIGRANT NONMINISTER RELIGIOUS WORKER 
                   PROGRAM.

       Section 101(a)(27)(C)(ii) (8 U.S.C. 1101 (a)(27)(C)(ii)) is 
     amended in subclauses (II) and (III) by striking ``before 
     September 30, 2015,'' both places such term appears.

     SEC. 2321. SPECIAL IMMIGRANT STATUS FOR CERTAIN SURVIVING 
                   SPOUSES AND CHILDREN.

       (a) In General.--Section 101(a)(27) (8 U.S.C. 1101(a)(27)) 
     is amended in subparagraph (D)--
       (1) by inserting ``(i)'' before ``an immigrant who is an 
     employee'';
       (2) by inserting ``or'' after ``grant such status;''; and
       (3) by inserting after clause (i), as designated by 
     paragraph (1), the following:
       ``(ii) an immigrant who is the surviving spouse or child of 
     an employee of the United States Government abroad killed in 
     the line of duty, provided that the employee had performed 
     faithful service for a total of 15 years, or more, and that 
     the principal officer of a Foreign Service establishment (or, 
     in the case of the American Institute of Taiwan, the Director 
     thereof) in his or her discretion, recommends the granting of 
     special immigrant status to the spouse or child and the 
     Secretary of State approves such recommendation and finds 
     that it is in the national interest to grant such status;''.
       (b) Effective Date.--The amendments made by subsection (a) 
     take effect beginning on January 31, 2013, and shall have 
     retroactive effect.

     SEC. 2322. REUNIFICATION OF CERTAIN FAMILIES OF FILIPINO 
                   VETERANS OF WORLD WAR II.

       (a) Short Title.--This section may be cited as the 
     ``Filipino Veterans Family Reunification Act''.
       (b) Exemption From Immigrant Visa Limit.--Section 201(b)(1) 
     (8 U.S.C. 1151(b)(1)), as amended by sections 2103(c), 
     2212(d), and 2307(b), is further amended by adding at the end 
     the following:
       ``(O) Aliens who--
       ``(i) are the sons or daughters of a citizen of the United 
     States; and
       ``(ii) have a parent (regardless of whether the parent is 
     living or dead) who was naturalized pursuant to--
       ``(I) section 405 of the Immigration Act of 1990 (Public 
     Law 101-649; 8 U.S.C. 1440 note); or
       ``(II) title III of the Act of October 14, 1940 (54 Stat. 
     1137, chapter 876), as added by section 1001 of the Second 
     War Powers Act, 1942 (56 Stat. 182, chapter 199).''.

     SEC. 2323. ENSURING COMPLIANCE WITH RESTRICTIONS ON WELFARE 
                   AND PUBLIC BENEFITS FOR ALIENS.

       (a) General Prohibition.--No officer or employee of the 
     Federal Government may--
       (1) waive compliance with any requirement in title IV of 
     the Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity 
     Reconciliation Act of 1996 (8 U.S.C. 1601 et seq.) in effect 
     on the date of enactment of this Act or with any restriction 
     on eligibility for any form of assistance or benefit 
     described in section 403(a) of the Personal Responsibility 
     and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act of 1996 (8 U.S.C. 
     1613(a)) established under a provision of this Act or an 
     amendment made by this Act;
       (2) waive the prohibition under subsection (d)(3) of 
     section 245B of the Immigration and Nationality Act (as added 
     by section 2101 of this Act) on eligibility for Federal 
     means-tested public benefits for any alien granted registered 
     provisional immigrant status under section 245B of the 
     Immigration and Nationality Act;
       (3) waive the prohibition under subsection (c)(3) of 
     section 2211 of this Act on eligibility for Federal means-
     tested public benefits for any alien granted blue card status 
     under that section;
       (4) waive the prohibition under subsection (c) of section 
     2309 of this Act on eligibility for Federal means-tested 
     public benefits for any noncitizen who is lawfully present in 
     the United States pursuant to section 101(a)(15)(V) of the 
     Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1101(a)(15)(V)) (as 
     amended by section 2309(a)); or
       (5) waive the prohibition under subsection (w)(2)(C) of 
     section 214 of the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 
     1184(w)(2)(C)) (as added by section 4504(b) of this Act) on 
     eligibility for any assistance or benefits described in 
     section 403(a) of the Personal Responsibility and Work 
     Opportunity Reconciliation Act of 1996 (8 U.S.C. 1613(a)) for 
     any alien described in section 101(a)(15)(Y) of the 
     Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1101(a)(15)(Y) (as 
     added by section 4504 of this Act) who is issued a 
     nonimmigrant visa.
       (b) Ensuring Compliance With Federal Welfare Law.--
       (1) No waiver of requirements.--Notwithstanding section 
     1115(a) of the Social Security Act (42 U.S.C. 1315(a)), the 
     Secretary of Health and Human Services shall not waive 
     compliance by a State, or otherwise permit a State to not 
     comply, with the requirements for the temporary assistance 
     for needy families program referenced in section 408(e) of 
     the Social Security Act (42 U.S.C. 608(e)) and the 
     requirements for that program in section 408(g) of such Act 
     (42 U.S.C. 608(g)).
       (2) No waiver of penalties.--The Secretary of Health and 
     Human Services shall apply section 409 of the Social Security 
     Act (42 U.S.C. 609) to any State that fails to comply with 
     any of the requirements specified in paragraph (1).

            Subtitle D--Conrad State 30 and Physician Access

     SEC. 2401. CONRAD STATE 30 PROGRAM.

       Section 220(c) of the Immigration and Nationality Technical 
     Corrections Act of 1994 (Public Law 103-416; 8 U.S.C. 1182 
     note) is amended by striking ``and before September 30, 
     2015''.

     SEC. 2402. RETAINING PHYSICIANS WHO HAVE PRACTICED IN 
                   MEDICALLY UNDERSERVED COMMUNITIES.

       Section 201(b)(1) (8 U.S.C. 1151(b)(1)), as amended by 
     sections 2103(c), 2212(d)(2), 2307(b), and 2323(b) is further 
     amended by adding at the end the following:
       ``(P)(i) Alien physicians who have completed service 
     requirements of a waiver requested under section 
     203(b)(2)(B)(ii), including alien physicians who completed 
     such service before the date of the enactment of the Border 
     Security, Economic Opportunity, and Immigration Modernization 
     Act and any spouses or children of such alien physicians.
       ``(ii) Nothing in this subparagraph may be construed--
       ``(I) to prevent the filing of a petition with the 
     Secretary of Homeland Security for classification under 
     section 204(a) or the filing of an application for adjustment 
     of status under section 245 by an alien physician described 
     in this subparagraph prior to the date by which such alien 
     physician has completed the service described in section 
     214(l) or worked full-time as a physician for an aggregate of 
     5 years at the location identified in the section 214(l) 
     waiver or in an area or areas designated by the Secretary of 
     Health and Human Services as having a shortage of health care 
     professionals; or
       ``(II) to permit the Secretary of Homeland Security to 
     grant such a petition or application until the alien has 
     satisfied all the requirements of the waiver received under 
     section 214(l).''.

     SEC. 2403. EMPLOYMENT PROTECTIONS FOR PHYSICIANS.

       (a) In General.--Section 214(l)(1)(C) (8 U.S.C. 
     1184(l)(1)(C)) is amended by striking clauses (i) and (ii) 
     and inserting the following:
       ``(i) the alien demonstrates a bona fide offer of full-time 
     employment, at a health care organization, which employment 
     has been determined by the Secretary of Homeland Security to 
     be in the public interest; and
       ``(ii) the alien agrees to begin employment with the health 
     facility or health care organization in a geographic area or 
     areas which are designated by the Secretary of Health and 
     Human Services as having a shortage of health care 
     professionals by the later of the date that is 90 days after 
     receiving such waiver, 90 days after completing graduate 
     medical education or training under a program approved 
     pursuant to section 212(j)(1), or 90 days after receiving 
     nonimmigrant status or employment authorization, provided 
     that the alien or the alien's employer petitions for such 
     nonimmigrant status or employment authorization within 90 
     days of completing graduate medical education or

[[Page S5404]]

     training and agrees to continue to work for a total of not 
     less than 3 years in any status authorized for such 
     employment under this subsection, unless--
       ``(I) the Secretary determines that extenuating 
     circumstances exist that justify a lesser period of 
     employment at such facility or organization, in which case 
     the alien shall demonstrate another bona fide offer of 
     employment at a health facility or health care organization, 
     for the remainder of such 3-year period;
       ``(II) the interested agency that requested the waiver 
     attests that extenuating circumstances exist that justify a 
     lesser period of employment at such facility or organization 
     in which case the alien shall demonstrate another bona fide 
     offer of employment at a health facility or health care 
     organization so designated by the Secretary of Health and 
     Human Services, for the remainder of such 3-year period; or
       ``(III) if the alien elects not to pursue a determination 
     of extenuating circumstances pursuant to subclause (I) or 
     (II), the alien terminates the alien's employment 
     relationship with such facility or organization, in which 
     case the alien shall be employed for the remainder of such 3-
     year period, and 1 additional year for each termination, at 
     another health facility or health care organization in a 
     geographic area or areas which are designated by the 
     Secretary of Health and Human Services as having a shortage 
     of health care professionals; and''.
       (b) Physician Employment in Underserved Areas.--Section 
     214(l)(1) (8 U.S.C. 1184(l)(1)), as amended by subsection 
     (a), is further amended by adding at the end the following:
       ``(E) If a physician pursuing graduate medical education or 
     training pursuant to section 101(a)(15)(J) applies for a 
     Conrad J-1 waiver with an interested State department of 
     health and the application is denied because the State has 
     requested the maximum number of waivers permitted for that 
     fiscal year, the physician's nonimmigrant status shall be 
     automatically extended for 6 months if the physician agrees 
     to seek a waiver under this subsection (except for 
     subparagraph (D)(ii)) to work for an employer in a State that 
     has not yet requested the maximum number of waivers. The 
     physician shall be authorized to work only for such employer 
     from the date on which a new waiver application is filed with 
     the State until the date on which the Secretary of Homeland 
     Security denies such waiver or issues work authorization for 
     such employment pursuant to the approval of such waiver.''.
       (c) Graduate Medical Education or Training.--Section 
     214(h)(1), as amended by section 4401(b) of this Act, is 
     further amended by inserting ``(J) (if entering the United 
     States for graduate medical education or training),'' after 
     ``(H)(i)(c),''.
       (d) Contract Requirements.--Section 214(l) (8 U.S.C. 
     1184(l)) is amended by adding at the end the following:
       ``(4) An alien granted a waiver under paragraph (1)(C) 
     shall enter into an employment agreement with the contracting 
     health facility or health care organization that--
       ``(A) specifies the maximum number of on-call hours per 
     week (which may be a monthly average) that the alien will be 
     expected to be available and the compensation the alien will 
     receive for on-call time;
       ``(B) specifies whether the contracting facility or 
     organization will pay for the alien's malpractice insurance 
     premiums, including whether the employer will provide 
     malpractice insurance and, if so, the amount of such 
     insurance that will be provided;
       ``(C) describes all of the work locations that the alien 
     will work and a statement that the contracting facility or 
     organization will not add additional work locations without 
     the approval of the Federal agency or State agency that 
     requested the waiver; and
       ``(D) does not include a non-compete provision.
       ``(5) An alien granted a waiver under paragraph (1)(C) 
     whose employment relationship with a health facility or 
     health care organization terminates during the 3-year service 
     period required by such paragraph--
       ``(A) shall have a period of 120 days beginning on the date 
     of such termination of employment to submit to the Secretary 
     of Homeland Security applications or petitions to commence 
     employment with another contracting health facility or health 
     care organization in a geographic area or areas which are 
     designated by the Secretary of Health and Human Services as 
     having a shortage of health care professionals;
       ``(B) shall be considered to be maintaining lawful status 
     in an authorized stay during the 120-day period referred to 
     in subsection (A); and
       ``(C) shall not be considered to be fulfilling the 3-year 
     term of service during the 120-day period referred to in 
     subparagraph (A).''.

     SEC. 2404. ALLOTMENT OF CONRAD 30 WAIVERS.

       (a) In General.--Section 214(l) (8 U.S.C. 1184(l)), as 
     amended by section 2403, is further amended by adding at the 
     end the following:
       ``(6)(A)(i) All States shall be allotted a total of 35 
     waivers under paragraph (1)(B) for a fiscal year if 90 
     percent of the waivers available to the States receiving at 
     least 5 waivers were used in the previous fiscal year.
       ``(ii) When an allocation has occurred under clause (i), 
     all States shall be allotted an additional 5 waivers under 
     paragraph (1)(B) for each subsequent fiscal year if 90 
     percent of the waivers available to the States receiving at 
     least 5 waivers were used in the previous fiscal year. If the 
     States are allotted 45 or more waivers for a fiscal year, the 
     States will only receive an additional increase of 5 waivers 
     the following fiscal year if 95 percent of the waivers 
     available to the States receiving at least 1 waiver were used 
     in the previous fiscal year.
       ``(B) Any increase in allotments under subparagraph (A) 
     shall be maintained indefinitely, unless in a fiscal year, 
     the total number of such waivers granted is 5 percent lower 
     than in the last year in which there was an increase in the 
     number of waivers allotted pursuant to this paragraph, in 
     which case--
       ``(i) the number of waivers allotted shall be decreased by 
     5 for all States beginning in the next fiscal year; and
       ``(ii) each additional 5 percent decrease in such waivers 
     granted from the last year in which there was an increase in 
     the allotment, shall result in an additional decrease of 5 
     waivers allotted for all States, provided that the number of 
     waivers allotted for all States shall not drop below 30.''.
       (b) Academic Medical Centers.--Section 214(l)(1)(D) (8 
     U.S.C. 1184(l)(1)(D)) is amended--
       (1) in clause (ii), by striking ``and'' at the end;
       (2) in clause (iii), by striking the period at the end and 
     inserting ``; and''; and
       (3) by adding at the end the following:
       ``(iv) in the case of a request by an interested State 
     agency--
       ``(I) the head of such agency determines that the alien is 
     to practice medicine in, or be on the faculty of a residency 
     program at, an academic medical center (as that term is 
     defined in section 411.355(e)(2) of title 42, Code of Federal 
     Regulations, or similar successor regulation), without regard 
     to whether such facility is located within an area designated 
     by the Secretary of Health and Human Services as having a 
     shortage of health care professionals; and
       ``(II) the head of such agency determines that--

       ``(aa) the alien physician's work is in the public 
     interest; and
       ``(bb) the grant of such waiver would not cause the number 
     of the waivers granted on behalf of aliens for such State for 
     a fiscal year (within the limitation in subparagraph (B) and 
     subject to paragraph (6)) in accordance with the conditions 
     of this clause to exceed 3.''.

     SEC. 2405. AMENDMENTS TO THE PROCEDURES, DEFINITIONS, AND 
                   OTHER PROVISIONS RELATED TO PHYSICIAN 
                   IMMIGRATION.

       (a) Allowable Visa Status for Physicians Fulfilling Waiver 
     Requirements in Medically Underserved Areas.--Section 
     214(l)(2)(A) (8 U.S.C. 1184(l)(2)(A)) is amended by striking 
     ``an alien described in section 101(a)(15)(H)(i)(b).'' and 
     inserting ``any status authorized for employment under this 
     Act.''.
       (b) Short Term Work Authorization for Physicians Completing 
     Their Residencies.--A physician completing graduate medical 
     education or training as described in section 212(j) of the 
     Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1182(j)) as a 
     nonimmigrant described in section 101(a)(15)(H)(i) of such 
     Act (8 U.S.C. 1101(a)(15)(H)(i)) shall have such nonimmigrant 
     status automatically extended until October 1 of the fiscal 
     year for which a petition for a continuation of such 
     nonimmigrant status has been submitted in a timely manner and 
     where the employment start date for the beneficiary of such 
     petition is October 1 of that fiscal year. Such physician 
     shall be authorized to be employed incident to status during 
     the period between the filing of such petition and October 1 
     of such fiscal year. However, the physician's status and 
     employment authorization shall terminate 30 days from the 
     date such petition is rejected, denied, or revoked. A 
     physician's status and employment authorization will 
     automatically extend to October 1 of the next fiscal year if 
     all visas as described in such section 101(a)(15)(H)(i) 
     authorized to be issued for the fiscal year have been issued.
       (c) Applicability of Section 212(e) to Spouses and Children 
     of J-1 Exchange Visitors.--A spouse or child of an exchange 
     visitor described in section 101(a)(15)(J) of the Immigration 
     and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1101(a)(15)(J)) shall not be 
     subject to the requirements of section 212(e) of the 
     Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1182(e)).

                        Subtitle E--Integration

     SEC. 2501. DEFINITIONS.

       In this subtitle:
       (1) Chief.--The term ``Chief'' means the Chief of the 
     Office.
       (2) Foundation.--The term ``Foundation'' means the United 
     States Citizenship Foundation established pursuant to section 
     2531.
       (3) IEACA grants.--The term ``IEACA grants'' means Initial 
     Entry, Adjustment, and Citizenship Assistance grants 
     authorized under section 2537.
       (4) Immigrant integration.--The term ``immigrant 
     integration'' means the process by which immigrants--
       (A) join the mainstream of civic life by engaging and 
     sharing ownership in their local community, the United 
     States, and the principles of the Constitution;
       (B) attain financial self-sufficiency and upward economic 
     mobility for themselves and their family members; and
       (C) acquire English language skills and related cultural 
     knowledge necessary to effectively participate in their 
     community.

[[Page S5405]]

       (5) Linguistic integration.--The term ``linguistic 
     integration'' means the acquisition, by limited English 
     proficient individuals, of English language skills and 
     related cultural knowledge necessary to meaningfully and 
     effectively fulfill their roles as community members, family 
     members, and workers.
       (6) Office.--The term ``Office'' means the Office of 
     Citizenship and New Americans established in U.S. Citizenship 
     and Immigration Services under section 2511.
       (7) Receiving communities.--The term ``receiving 
     communities'' means the long-term residents of the 
     communities in which immigrants settle.
       (8) Task force.--The term ``Task Force'' means the Task 
     Force on New Americans established pursuant to section 2521.
       (9) USCF council.--The term ``USCF Council'' means the 
     Council of Directors of the Foundation.

                CHAPTER 1--CITIZENSHIP AND NEW AMERICANS

         Subchapter A--Office of Citizenship and New Americans

     SEC. 2511. OFFICE OF CITIZENSHIP AND NEW AMERICANS.

       (a) Renaming Office of Citizenship.--
       (1) In general.--Beginning on the date of the enactment of 
     this Act, the Office of Citizenship in U.S. Citizenship and 
     Immigration Services shall be referred to as the ``Office of 
     Citizenship and New Americans''.
       (2) References.--Any reference in a law, regulation, 
     document, paper, or other record of the United States to the 
     Office of Citizenship in U.S. Citizenship and Immigration 
     Services shall be deemed to be a reference to the Office of 
     Citizenship and New Americans.
       (3) Technical and conforming amendments.--Section 451 of 
     the Homeland Security Act of 2002 (6 U.S.C. 271) is amended--
       (A) in the section heading, by striking ``BUREAU OF'' and 
     inserting ``U.S.'';
       (B) in subsection (a)(1), by striking ``the `Bureau of'' 
     and inserting `` `U.S.'';
       (C) by striking ``the Bureau of'' each place such terms 
     appears and inserting ``U.S.''; and
       (D) in subsection (f)--
       (i) by amending the subsection heading to read as follows: 
     ``Office of Citizenship and New Americans''; and
       (ii) by striking paragraph (1) and inserting the following:
       ``(1) Chief.--The Office of Citizenship and New Americans 
     shall be within U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services and 
     shall be headed by the Chief of the Office of Citizenship and 
     New Americans.''.
       (b) Functions.--Section 451(f) of such Act (6 U.S.C. 
     271(f)), as amended by subsection (a)(3)(D), is further 
     amended by striking paragraph (2) and inserting the 
     following:
       ``(2) Functions.--The Chief of the Office of Citizenship 
     and New Americans shall--
       ``(A) promote institutions and provide training on 
     citizenship responsibilities for aliens interested in 
     becoming naturalized citizens of the United States, including 
     the development of educational materials for such aliens;
       ``(B) provide general leadership, consultation, and 
     coordination of the immigrant integration programs across the 
     Federal Government and with State and local entities;
       ``(C) in coordination with the Task Force on New Americans 
     established under section 2521 of the Border Security, 
     Economic Opportunity, and Immigration Modernization Act--
       ``(i) advise the Director of U.S. Citizenship and 
     Immigration Services, the Secretary of Homeland Security, and 
     the Domestic Policy Council, on--

       ``(I) the challenges and opportunities relating to the 
     linguistic, economic, and civic integration of immigrants and 
     their young children and progress in meeting integration 
     goals and indicators; and
       ``(II) immigrant integration considerations relating to 
     Federal budgets;

       ``(ii) establish national goals for introducing new 
     immigrants into the United States and measure the degree to 
     which such goals are met;
       ``(iii) evaluate the scale, quality, and effectiveness of 
     Federal Government efforts in immigrant integration and 
     provide advice on appropriate actions; and
       ``(iv) identify the integration implications of new or 
     proposed immigration policies and provide recommendations for 
     addressing such implications;
       ``(D) serve as a liaison and intermediary with State and 
     local governments and other entities to assist in 
     establishing local goals, task forces, and councils to assist 
     in--
       ``(i) introducing immigrants into the United States; and
       ``(ii) promoting citizenship education and awareness among 
     aliens interested in becoming naturalized citizens of the 
     United States;
       ``(E) coordinate with other Federal agencies to provide 
     information to State and local governments on the demand for 
     existing Federal and State English education programs and 
     best practices for immigrants who recently arrived in the 
     United States;
       ``(F) assist States in coordinating the activities of the 
     grant programs authorized under sections 2537 and 2538 of the 
     Border Security, Economic Opportunity, and Immigration 
     Modernization Act;
       ``(G) submit a biennial report to the appropriate 
     congressional committees that describes the activities of the 
     Office of Citizenship and New Americans; and
       ``(H) carry out such other functions and activities as 
     Secretary may assign.''.
       (c) Effective Date.--The amendments made by subsections (a) 
     and (b) shall take effect on the date that is 1 year after 
     the date of the enactment of this Act.

               Subchapter B--Task Force on New Americans

     SEC. 2521. ESTABLISHMENT.

       (a) In General.--The Secretary shall establish a Task Force 
     on New Americans.
       (b) Fully Functional.--The Task Force shall be fully 
     functional not later than 18 months after the date of the 
     enactment of this Act.

     SEC. 2522. PURPOSE.

       The purposes of the Task Force are--
       (1) to establish a coordinated Federal program and policy 
     response to immigrant integration issues; and
       (2) to advise and assist the Federal Government in 
     identifying and fostering policies to carry out the policies 
     and goals established under this chapter.

     SEC. 2523. MEMBERSHIP.

       (a) In General.--The Task Force shall be comprised of--
       (1) the Secretary, who shall serve as Chair of the Task 
     Force;
       (2) the Secretary of the Treasury;
       (3) the Attorney General;
       (4) the Secretary of Commerce;
       (5) the Secretary of Labor;
       (6) the Secretary of Health and Human Services;
       (7) the Secretary of Housing and Urban Development;
       (8) the Secretary of Transportation;
       (9) the Secretary of Education;
       (10) the Director of the Office of Management and Budget;
       (11) the Administrator of the Small Business 
     Administration;
       (12) the Director of the Domestic Policy Council;
       (13) the Director of the National Economic Council; and
       (14) the National Security Advisor.
       (b) Delegation.--A member of the Task Force may delegate a 
     senior official, at the Assistant Secretary, Deputy 
     Administrator, Deputy Director, or Assistant Attorney General 
     level, to perform the functions of a Task Force member 
     described in section 2524.

     SEC. 2524. FUNCTIONS.

       (a) Meetings; Functions.--The Task Force shall--
       (1) meet at the call of the Chair; and
       (2) perform such functions as the Secretary may prescribe.
       (b) Coordinated Response.--The Task Force shall work with 
     executive branch agencies--
       (1) to provide a coordinated Federal response to issues 
     that impact the lives of new immigrants and receiving 
     communities, including--
       (A) access to youth and adult education programming;
       (B) workforce training;
       (C) health care policy;
       (D) access to naturalization; and
       (E) community development challenges; and
       (2) to ensure that Federal programs and policies adequately 
     address such impacts.
       (c) Liaisons.--Members of the Task Force shall serve as 
     liaisons to their respective agencies to ensure the quality 
     and timeliness of their agency's participation in activities 
     of the Task Force, including--
       (1) creating integration goals and indicators;
       (2) implementing the biannual consultation process with the 
     agency's State and local counterparts; and
       (3) reporting on agency data collection, policy, and 
     program efforts relating to achieving the goals and 
     indicators referred to in paragraph (1).
       (d) Recommendations.--Not later than 18 months after the 
     end of the period specified in section 2521(b), the Task 
     Force shall--
       (1) provide recommendations to the Domestic Policy Council 
     and the Secretary on the effects of pending legislation and 
     executive branch policy proposals;
       (2) suggest changes to Federal programs or policies to 
     address issues of special importance to new immigrants and 
     receiving communities;
       (3) review and recommend changes to policies that have a 
     distinct impact on new immigrants and receiving communities; 
     and
       (4) assist in the development of legislative and policy 
     proposals of special importance to new immigrants and 
     receiving communities.

                 CHAPTER 2--PUBLIC-PRIVATE PARTNERSHIP

     SEC. 2531. ESTABLISHMENT OF UNITED STATES CITIZENSHIP 
                   FOUNDATION.

       The Secretary, acting through the Director of U.S. 
     Citizenship and Immigration Services, is authorized to 
     establish a nonprofit corporation or a not-for-profit, public 
     benefit, or similar entity, which shall be known as the 
     ``United States Citizenship Foundation''.

     SEC. 2532. FUNDING.

       (a) Gifts to Foundation.--In order to carry out the 
     purposes set forth in section 2533, the Foundation may--
       (1) solicit, accept, and make gifts of money and other 
     property in accordance with section 501(c)(3) of the Internal 
     Revenue Code of 1986;
       (2) engage in coordinated work with the Department, 
     including the Office and U.S. Citizenship and Immigration 
     Services; and
       (3) accept, hold, administer, invest, and spend any gift, 
     devise, or bequest of real or personal property made to the 
     Foundation.
       (b) Gifts to Office of Citizenship and New Americans.--The 
     Office may accept

[[Page S5406]]

     gifts from the Foundation to support the functions of the 
     Office.

     SEC. 2533. PURPOSES.

       The purposes of the Foundation are--
       (1) to expand citizenship preparation programs for lawful 
     permanent residents;
       (2) to provide direct assistance for aliens seeking 
     provisional immigrant status, legal permanent resident 
     status, or naturalization as a United States citizen; and
       (3) to coordinate immigrant integration with State and 
     local entities.

     SEC. 2534. AUTHORIZED ACTIVITIES.

       The Foundation shall carry out its purpose by--
       (1) making United States citizenship instruction and 
     naturalization application services accessible to low-income 
     and other underserved lawful permanent resident populations;
       (2) developing, identifying, and sharing best practices in 
     United States citizenship preparation;
       (3) supporting innovative and creative solutions to 
     barriers faced by those seeking naturalization;
       (4) increasing the use of, and access to, technology in 
     United States citizenship preparation programs;
       (5) engaging receiving communities in the United States 
     citizenship and civic integration process;
       (6) administering the New Citizens Award Program to 
     recognize, in each calendar year, not more than 10 United 
     States citizens who--
       (A) have made outstanding contributions to the United 
     States; and
       (B) have been naturalized during the 10-year period ending 
     on the date of such recognition;
       (7) fostering public education and awareness;
       (8) coordinating its immigrant integration efforts with the 
     Office;
       (9) awarding grants to eligible public or private nonprofit 
     organizations under section 2537; and
       (10) awarding grants to State and local governments under 
     section 2538.

     SEC. 2535. COUNCIL OF DIRECTORS.

       (a) Members.--To the extent consistent with section 
     501(c)(3) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, the 
     Foundation shall have a Council of Directors, which shall be 
     comprised of--
       (1) the Director of U.S. Citizenship and Immigration 
     Services;
       (2) the Chief of the Office of Citizenship and New 
     Americans; and
       (3) 10 directors, appointed by the ex-officio directors 
     designated in paragraphs (1) and (2), from national 
     community-based organizations that promote and assist 
     permanent residents with naturalization.
       (b) Appointment of Executive Director.--The USCF Council 
     shall appoint an Executive Director, who shall oversee the 
     day-to-day operations of the Foundation.

     SEC. 2536. POWERS.

       The Executive Director is authorized to carry out the 
     purposes set forth in section 2533 on behalf of the 
     Foundation by--
       (1) accepting, holding, administering, investing, and 
     spending any gift, devise, or bequest of real or personal 
     property made to the Foundation;
       (2) entering into contracts and other financial assistance 
     agreements with individuals, public or private organizations, 
     professional societies, and government agencies to carry out 
     the functions of the Foundation;
       (3) entering into such other contracts, leases, cooperative 
     agreements, and other transactions as the Executive Director 
     considers appropriate to carry out the activities of the 
     Foundation; and
       (4) charging such fees for professional services furnished 
     by the Foundation as the Executive Director determines 
     reasonable and appropriate.

     SEC. 2537. INITIAL ENTRY, ADJUSTMENT, AND CITIZENSHIP 
                   ASSISTANCE GRANT PROGRAM.

       (a) Authorization.--The Secretary, acting through the 
     Director of U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services, may 
     award Initial Entry, Adjustment, and Citizenship Assistance 
     grants to eligible public or private, nonprofit 
     organizations.
       (b) Use of Grant Funds.--IEACA grants shall be used for the 
     design and implementation of programs that provide direct 
     assistance, within the scope of the authorized practice of 
     immigration law--
       (1) to aliens who are preparing an initial application for 
     registered provisional immigrant status under section 245B of 
     the Immigration and Nationality Act and to aliens who are 
     preparing an initial application for blue card status under 
     section 2211, including assisting applicants in--
       (A) screening to assess prospective applicants' potential 
     eligibility or lack of eligibility;
       (B) completing applications;
       (C) gathering proof of identification, employment, 
     residence, and tax payment;
       (D) gathering proof of relationships of eligible family 
     members;
       (E) applying for any waivers for which applicants and 
     qualifying family members may be eligible; and
       (F) any other assistance that the Secretary or grantee 
     considers useful to aliens who are interested in applying for 
     registered provisional immigrant status;
       (2) to aliens seeking to adjust their status under section 
     245, 245B, 245C, or 245F of the Immigration and Nationality 
     Act;
       (3) to legal permanent residents seeking to become 
     naturalized United States citizens; and
       (4) to applicants on--
       (A) the rights and responsibilities of United States 
     citizenship;
       (B) civics-based English as a second language;
       (C) civics, with a special emphasis on common values and 
     traditions of Americans, including an understanding of the 
     history of the United States and the principles of the 
     Constitution; and
       (D) applying for United States citizenship.

     SEC. 2538. PILOT PROGRAM TO PROMOTE IMMIGRANT INTEGRATION AT 
                   STATE AND LOCAL LEVELS.

       (a) Grants Authorized.--The Chief shall establish a pilot 
     program through which the Chief may award grants, on a 
     competitive basis, to States and local governments or other 
     qualifying entities, in collaboration with State and local 
     governments--
       (1) to establish New Immigrant Councils to carry out 
     programs to integrate new immigrants; or
       (2) to carry out programs to integrate new immigrants.
       (b) Application.--A State or local government desiring a 
     grant under this section shall submit an application to the 
     Chief at such time, in such manner, and containing such 
     information as the Chief may reasonably require, including--
       (1) a proposal to meet an objective or combination of 
     objectives set forth in subsection (d)(3);
       (2) the number of new immigrants in the applicant's 
     jurisdiction; and
       (3) a description of the challenges in introducing and 
     integrating new immigrants into the State or local community.
       (c) Priority.--In awarding grants under this section, the 
     Chief shall give priority to States and local governments or 
     other qualifying entities that--
       (1) use matching funds from non-Federal sources, which may 
     include in-kind contributions;
       (2) demonstrate collaboration with public and private 
     entities to achieve the goals of the comprehensive plan 
     developed pursuant to subsection (d)(3);
       (3) are 1 of the 10 States with the highest rate of 
     foreign-born residents; or
       (4) have experienced a large increase in the population of 
     immigrants during the most recent 10-year period relative to 
     past migration patterns, based on data compiled by the Office 
     of Immigration Statistics or the United States Census Bureau.
       (d) Authorized Activities.--A grant awarded under this 
     subsection may be used--
       (1) to form a New Immigrant Council, which shall--
       (A) consist of between 15 and 19 individuals, inclusive, 
     from the State, local government, or qualifying organization;
       (B) include, to the extent practicable, representatives 
     from--
       (i) business;
       (ii) faith-based organizations;
       (iii) civic organizations;
       (iv) philanthropic organizations;
       (v) nonprofit organizations, including those with legal and 
     advocacy experience working with immigrant communities;
       (vi) key education stakeholders, such as State educational 
     agencies, local educational agencies, community colleges, and 
     teachers;
       (vii) State adult education offices;
       (viii) State or local public libraries; and
       (ix) State or local governments; and
       (C) meet not less frequently than once each quarter;
       (2) to provide subgrants to local communities, city 
     governments, municipalities, nonprofit organizations 
     (including veterans' and patriotic organizations), or other 
     qualifying entities;
       (3) to develop, implement, expand, or enhance a 
     comprehensive plan to introduce and integrate new immigrants 
     into the State by--
       (A) improving English language skills;
       (B) engaging caretakers with limited English proficiency in 
     their child's education through interactive parent and child 
     literacy activities;
       (C) improving and expanding access to workforce training 
     programs;
       (D) teaching United States history, civics education, 
     citizenship rights, and responsibilities;
       (E) promoting an understanding of the form of government 
     and history of the United States and the principles of the 
     Constitution;
       (F) improving financial literacy; and
       (G) focusing on other key areas of importance to 
     integration in our society; and
       (4) to engage receiving communities in the citizenship and 
     civic integration process by--
       (A) increasing local service capacity;
       (B) building meaningful connections between newer 
     immigrants and long-time residents;
       (C) communicating the contributions of receiving 
     communities and new immigrants; and
       (D) engaging leaders from all sectors of the community.
       (e) Reporting and Evaluation.--
       (1) Annual report.--Each grant recipient shall submit an 
     annual report to the Office that describes--
       (A) the activities undertaken by the grant recipient, 
     including how such activities meet the goals of the Office, 
     the Foundation, and the comprehensive plan described in 
     subsection (d)(3);
       (B) the geographic areas being served;

[[Page S5407]]

       (C) the number of immigrants in such areas; and
       (D) the primary languages spoken in such areas.
       (2) Annual evaluation.--The Chief shall conduct an annual 
     evaluation of the grant program established under this 
     section--
       (A) to assess and improve the effectiveness of such grant 
     program;
       (B) to assess the future needs of immigrants and of State 
     and local governments related to immigrants; and
       (C) to ensure that grantees recipients and subgrantees are 
     acting within the scope and purpose of this subchapter.

     SEC. 2539. NATURALIZATION CEREMONIES.

       (a) In General.--The Chief, in consultation with the 
     Director of the National Park Service, the Archivist of the 
     United States, and other appropriate Federal officials, shall 
     develop and implement a strategy to enhance the public 
     awareness of naturalization ceremonies.
       (b) Venues.--In developing the strategy under subsection 
     (a), the Secretary shall consider the use of outstanding and 
     historic locations as venues for select naturalization 
     ceremonies.
       (c) Reporting Requirement.--The Secretary shall annually 
     submit a report to Congress that contains--
       (1) the content of the strategy developed under subsection 
     (a); and
       (2) the progress made towards the implementation of such 
     strategy.

                           CHAPTER 3--FUNDING

     SEC. 2541. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

       (a) Office of Citizenship and New Americans.--In addition 
     to any amounts otherwise made available to the Office, there 
     are authorized to be appropriated to carry out the functions 
     described in section 451(f)(2) of the Homeland Security Act 
     of 2002 (6 U.S.C. 271(f)(2)), as amended by section 2511(b)--
       (1) $10,000,000 for the 5-year period ending on September 
     30, 2018; and
       (2) such sums as may be necessary for fiscal year 2019 and 
     subsequent fiscal years.
       (b) Grant Programs.--There are authorized to be 
     appropriated to implement the grant programs authorized under 
     sections 2537 and 2538, and to implement the strategy under 
     section 2539--
       (1) $100,000,000 for the 5-year period ending on September 
     30, 2018; and
       (2) such sums as may be necessary for fiscal year 2019 and 
     subsequent fiscal years.

              CHAPTER 4--REDUCE BARRIERS TO NATURALIZATION

     SEC. 2551. WAIVER OF ENGLISH REQUIREMENT FOR SENIOR NEW 
                   AMERICANS.

       Section 312 (8 U.S.C. 1423) is amended by striking 
     subsection (b) and inserting the following:
       ``(b) The requirements under subsection (a) shall not apply 
     to any person who--
       ``(1) is unable to comply with such requirements because of 
     physical or mental disability, including developmental or 
     intellectual disability; or
       ``(2) on the date on which the person's application for 
     naturalization is filed under section 334--
       ``(A) is older than 65 years of age; and
       ``(B) has been living in the United States for periods 
     totaling at least 5 years after being lawfully admitted for 
     permanent residence.
       ``(c) The requirement under subsection (a)(1) shall not 
     apply to any person who, on the date on which the person's 
     application for naturalization is filed under section 334--
       ``(1) is older than 50 years of age and has been living in 
     the United States for periods totaling at least 20 years 
     after being lawfully admitted for permanent residence;
       ``(2) is older than 55 years of age and has been living in 
     the United States for periods totaling at least 15 years 
     after being lawfully admitted for permanent residence; or
       ``(3) is older than 60 years of age and has been living in 
     the United States for periods totaling at least 10 years 
     after being lawfully admitted for permanent residence.
       ``(d) The Secretary of Homeland Security may waive, on a 
     case-by-case basis, the requirement under subsection (a)(2) 
     on behalf of any person who, on the date on which the 
     person's application for naturalization is filed under 
     section 334--
       ``(1) is older than 60 years of age; and
       ``(2) has been living in the United States for periods 
     totaling at least 10 years after being lawfully admitted for 
     permanent residence.''.

     SEC. 2552. FILING OF APPLICATIONS NOT REQUIRING REGULAR 
                   INTERNET ACCESS.

       (a) Electronic Filing Not Required.--
       (1) In general.--The Secretary may not require that an 
     applicant or petitioner for permanent residence or 
     citizenship of the United States use an electronic method to 
     file any application, or access to a customer account.
       (2) Sunset date.--This subsection shall cease to be 
     effective on October 1, 2020.
       (b) Notification Requirement.--Beginning on October 1, 
     2020, the Secretary may not require that an applicant or 
     petitioner for permanent residence or citizenship of the 
     United States use an electronic method to file any 
     application or access to a customer account unless the 
     Secretary notifies the Committee on the Judiciary of the 
     Senate and the Committee on the Judiciary of the House of 
     Representatives of such requirement not later than 30 days 
     before the effective date of such requirement.

     SEC. 2553. PERMISSIBLE USE OF ASSISTED HOUSING BY BATTERED 
                   IMMIGRANTS.

       Section 214 of the Housing and Community Development Act of 
     1980 (42 U.S.C. 1436a) is amended--
       (1) in subsection (a)--
       (A) in paragraph (6), by striking ``; or'' and inserting a 
     semicolon;
       (B) by redesignating paragraph (7) as paragraph (8); and
       (C) by inserting after paragraph (6) the following new 
     paragraph:
       ``(7) a qualified alien described in section 431(c) of the 
     Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation 
     Act of 1996 (8 U.S.C. 1641(c)); or''; and
       (2) in subsection (c)--
       (A) in paragraph (1)(A), by striking ``paragraphs (1) 
     through (6)'' and inserting ``paragraphs (1) through (7)''; 
     and
       (B) in paragraph (2)(A), by inserting ``(other than a 
     qualified alien described in section 431(c) of the Personal 
     Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act of 
     1996 (8 U.S.C. 1641(c)))'' after ``any alien''.

     SEC. 2554. UNITED STATES CITIZENSHIP FOR INTERNATIONALLY 
                   ADOPTED INDIVIDUALS.

       (a) Automatic Citizenship.--Section 104 of the Child 
     Citizenship Act of 2000 (Public Law 106-395; 8 U.S.C. 1431 
     note) is amended to read as follows:

     ``SEC. 104. APPLICABILITY.

       ``The amendments made by this title shall apply to any 
     individual who satisfies the requirements under section 320 
     or 322 of the Immigration and Nationality Act, regardless of 
     the date on which such requirements were satisfied.''.
       (b) Modification of Preadoption Visitation Requirement.--
     Section 101(b)(1)(F)(i) (8 U.S.C. 1101(b)(1)(F)(i)), as 
     amended by section 2312, is further amended by striking ``at 
     least twenty-five years of age, who personally saw and 
     observed the child prior to or during the adoption 
     proceedings;'' and inserting ``who is at least 25 years of 
     age, at least 1 of whom personally saw and observed the child 
     before or during the adoption proceedings;''.
       (c) Automatic Citizenship for Children of United States 
     Citizens Who Are Physically Present in the United States.--
       (1) In general.--Section 320(a)(3) (8 U.S.C. 1431(a)(3)) is 
     amended to read as follows:
       ``(3) The child is physically present in the United States 
     in the legal custody of the citizen parent pursuant to a 
     lawful admission.''.
       (2) Applicability to individual's who no longer have legal 
     status.--Notwithstanding the lack of legal status or physical 
     presence in the United States, a person shall be deemed to 
     meet the requirements under section 320 of the Immigration 
     and Nationality Act, as amended by paragraph (1), if the 
     person--
       (A) was born outside of the United States;
       (B) was adopted by a United States citizen before the 
     person reached 18 years of age;
       (C) was legally admitted to the United States; and
       (D) would have qualified for automatic United States 
     citizenship if the amendments made by paragraph (1) had been 
     in effect at the time of such admission.
       (d) Retroactive Application.--Section 320(b) (8 U.S.C. 
     1431(b)) is amended by inserting ``, regardless of the date 
     on which the adoption was finalized'' before the period at 
     the end.
       (e) Applicability.--The amendments made by this section 
     shall apply to any individual adopted by a citizen of the 
     United States regardless of whether the adoption occurred 
     prior to, on, or after the date of the enactment of the Child 
     Citizenship Act of 2000.

     SEC. 2555. TREATMENT OF CERTAIN PERSONS AS HAVING SATISFIED 
                   ENGLISH AND CIVICS, GOOD MORAL CHARACTER, AND 
                   HONORABLE SERVICE AND DISCHARGE REQUIREMENTS 
                   FOR NATURALIZATION.

       (a) Immigration and Nationality Act.--The Immigration and 
     Nationality Act is amended by inserting after section 329A (8 
     U.S.C. 1440-1) the following new section:

     ``SEC. 329B. PERSONS WHO HAVE RECEIVED AN AWARD FOR 
                   ENGAGEMENT IN ACTIVE COMBAT OR ACTIVE 
                   PARTICIPATION IN COMBAT.

       ``(a) In General.--
       ``(1) In general.--For purposes of naturalization and 
     continuing citizenship under the following provisions of law, 
     a person who has received an award described in subsection 
     (b) shall be treated--
       ``(A) as having satisfied the requirements in sections 
     312(a), 316(a)(3), and subsections (b)(3), (c), and (e) of 
     section 328; and
       ``(B) except as provided in paragraph (2), under sections 
     328 and 329, as having served honorably in the Armed Forces 
     for (in the case of section 328) a period or periods 
     aggregating one year, and, if separated from such service, as 
     having been separated under honorable conditions.
       ``(2) Revocation.--Notwithstanding paragraph (1)(B), any 
     person who separated from the Armed Forces under other than 
     honorable conditions may be subject to revocation of 
     citizenship under section 328(f) or 329(c) if the other 
     requirements of such section are met.
       ``(b) Application.--This section shall apply with respect 
     to the following awards from the Armed Forces of the United 
     States:
       ``(1) The Combat Infantryman Badge from the Army.
       ``(2) The Combat Medical Badge from the Army.
       ``(3) The Combat Action Badge from the Army.
       ``(4) The Combat Action Ribbon from the Navy, the Marine 
     Corps, or the Coast Guard.

[[Page S5408]]

       ``(5) The Air Force Combat Action Medal.
       ``(6) Any other award that the Secretary of Defense 
     determines to be an equivalent award for engagement in active 
     combat or active participation in combat.''.
       (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of contents of such Act 
     (8 U.S.C. 1101 et seq.) is amended by inserting after the 
     item relating to section 329A the following:

``Sec. 329B. Persons who have received an award for engagement in 
              active combat or active participation in combat.''.

                    TITLE III--INTERIOR ENFORCEMENT

               Subtitle A--Employment Verification System

     SEC. 3101. UNLAWFUL EMPLOYMENT OF UNAUTHORIZED ALIENS.

       (a) In General.--Section 274A (8 U.S.C. 1324a) is amended 
     to read as follows:

     ``SEC. 274A. UNLAWFUL EMPLOYMENT OF ALIENS.

       ``(a) Making Employment of Unauthorized Aliens Unlawful.--
       ``(1) In general.--It is unlawful for an employer--
       ``(A) to hire, recruit, or refer for a fee an alien for 
     employment in the United States knowing that the alien is an 
     unauthorized alien with respect to such employment; or
       ``(B) to hire, recruit, or refer for a fee for employment 
     in the United States an individual without complying with the 
     requirements under subsections (c) and (d).
       ``(2) Continuing employment.--
       ``(A) Prohibition on continued employment of unauthorized 
     aliens.--It is unlawful for an employer, after hiring an 
     alien for employment, to continue to employ the alien in the 
     United States knowing that the alien is (or has become) an 
     unauthorized alien with respect to such employment.
       ``(B) Prohibition on consideration of previous unauthorized 
     status.--Nothing in this section may be construed to prohibit 
     the employment of an individual who is authorized for 
     employment in the United States if such individual was 
     previously an unauthorized alien.
       ``(3) Use of labor through contract.--For purposes of this 
     section, any employer that uses a contract, subcontract, or 
     exchange to obtain the labor of an alien in the United States 
     while knowing that the alien is an unauthorized alien with 
     respect to performing such labor shall be considered to have 
     hired the alien for employment in the United States in 
     violation of paragraph (1)(A).
       ``(4) Use of state employment agency documentation.--For 
     purposes of paragraphs (1)(B), (5), and (6), an employer 
     shall be deemed to have complied with the requirements under 
     subsection (c) with respect to the hiring of an individual 
     who was referred for such employment by a State employment 
     agency (as defined by the Secretary) if the employer has and 
     retains (for the period and in the manner described in 
     subsection (c)(3)) appropriate documentation of such referral 
     by such agency, certifying that such agency has complied with 
     the procedures described in subsection (c) with respect to 
     the individual's referral. An employer that relies on a State 
     agency's certification of compliance with subsection (c) 
     under this paragraph may utilize and retain the State 
     agency's certification of compliance with the procedures 
     described in subsection (d), if any, in the manner provided 
     under this paragraph.
       ``(5) Good faith defense.--
       ``(A) Defense.--An employer, person, or entity that hires, 
     employs, recruits, or refers individuals for employment in 
     the United States, or is otherwise obligated to comply with 
     the requirements under this section and establishes good 
     faith compliance with the requirements under paragraphs (1) 
     through (4) of subsection (c) and subsection (d)--
       ``(i) has established an affirmative defense that the 
     employer, person, or entity has not violated paragraph (1)(A) 
     with respect to hiring and employing; and
       ``(ii) has established compliance with its obligations 
     under subparagraph (A) and (B) of paragraph (1) and 
     subsection (c) unless the Secretary demonstrates that the 
     employer had knowledge that an individuals hired, employed, 
     recruited, or referred by the employer, person, or entity is 
     an unauthorized alien.
       ``(B) Exception for certain employers.--An employer who is 
     not required to participate in the System or who is 
     participating in the System on a voluntary basis pursuant to 
     subsection (d)(2)(J) has established an affirmative defense 
     under subparagraph (A) and need not demonstrate compliance 
     with the requirements under subsection (d).
       ``(6) Good faith compliance.--
       ``(A) In general.--Except as otherwise provided in this 
     subsection, an employer, person, or entity is considered to 
     have complied with a requirement under this subsection 
     notwithstanding a technical or procedural failure to meet 
     such requirement if there was a good faith attempt to comply 
     with the requirement.
       ``(B) Exception if failure to correct after notice.--
     Subparagraph (A) shall not apply if--
       ``(i) the failure is not de minimis;
       ``(ii) the Secretary of Homeland Security has explained to 
     the employer, person, or entity the basis for the failure and 
     why it is not de minimis;
       ``(iii) the employer, person, or entity has been provided a 
     period of not less than 30 days (beginning after the date of 
     the explanation) to correct the failure; and
       ``(iv) the employer, person, or entity has not corrected 
     the failure voluntarily within such period.
       ``(C) Exception for pattern or practice violators.--
     Subparagraph (A) shall not apply to an employer, person, or 
     entity that has engaged or is engaging in a pattern or 
     practice of violations of paragraph (1)(A) or (2).
       ``(7) Presumption.--After the date on which an employer is 
     required to participate in the System under subsection (d), 
     the employer is presumed to have acted with knowledge for 
     purposes of paragraph (1)(A) if the employer hires, employs, 
     recruits, or refers an employee for a fee and fails to make 
     an inquiry to verify the employment authorization status of 
     the employee through the System.
       ``(8) Continued application of workforce and labor 
     protection remedies despite unauthorized employment.--
       ``(A) In general.--Subject only to subparagraph (B), all 
     rights and remedies provided under any Federal, State, or 
     local law relating to workplace rights, including but not 
     limited to back pay, are available to an employee despite--
       ``(i) the employee's status as an unauthorized alien during 
     or after the period of employment; or
       ``(ii) the employer's or employee's failure to comply with 
     the requirements of this section.
       ``(B) Reinstatement.--Reinstatement shall be available to 
     individuals who--
       ``(i) are authorized to work in the United States at the 
     time such relief is ordered or effectuated; or
       ``(ii) lost employment-authorized status due to the 
     unlawful acts of the employer under this section.
       ``(b) Definitions.--In this section:
       ``(1) Commissioner.--The term `Commissioner' means the 
     Commissioner of Social Security.
       ``(2) Department.--Except as otherwise provided, the term 
     `Department' means the Department of Homeland Security.
       ``(3) Employer.--The term `employer' means any person or 
     entity, including an agency or department of a Federal, 
     State, or local government, an agent, or a System service 
     provider acting on behalf of an employer, that hires, 
     employs, recruits, or refers for a fee an individual for 
     employment in the United States that is not casual, sporadic, 
     irregular, or intermittent (as defined by the Secretary).
       ``(4) Employment authorized status.--The term `employment 
     authorized status' means, with respect to an individual, that 
     the individual is authorized to be employed in the United 
     States under the immigration laws of the United States.
       ``(5) Secretary.--Except as otherwise specifically 
     provided, the term `Secretary' means the Secretary of 
     Homeland Security.
       ``(6) System.--The term `System' means the Employment 
     Verification System established under subsection (d).
       ``(7) Unauthorized alien.--The term `unauthorized alien' 
     means an alien who, with respect to employment in the United 
     States at a particular time--
       ``(A) is not lawfully admitted for permanent residence; or
       ``(B) is not authorized to be employed under this Act or by 
     the Secretary.
       ``(8) Workplace rights.--The term `workplace rights' means 
     rights guaranteed under Federal, State, or local labor or 
     employment laws, including laws concerning wages and hours, 
     benefits and employment standards, labor relations, workplace 
     health and safety, work-related injuries, nondiscrimination, 
     and retaliation for exercising rights under such laws.
       ``(c) Document Verification Requirements.--Any employer 
     hiring an individual for employment in the United States 
     shall comply with the following requirements and the 
     requirements under subsection (d) to verify that the 
     individual has employment authorized status.
       ``(1) Attestation after examination of documentation.--
       ``(A) In general.--
       ``(i) Examination by employer.--An employer shall attest, 
     under penalty of perjury on a form prescribed by the 
     Secretary, that the employer has verified the identity and 
     employment authorization status of the individual--

       ``(I) by examining--

       ``(aa) a document specified in subparagraph (C); or
       ``(bb) a document specified in subparagraph (D) and a 
     document specified in subparagraph (E); and

       ``(II) by utilizing an identity authentication mechanism 
     described in clause (iii) or (iv) of subparagraph (F).

       ``(ii) Publication of documents.--The Secretary shall 
     publish a picture of each document specified in subparagraphs 
     (C) and (E) on the U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services 
     website.
       ``(B) Requirements.--
       ``(i) Form.--The form referred to in subparagraph (A)(i)--

       ``(I) shall be prescribed by the Secretary not later than 6 
     months after the date of the enactment of the Border 
     Security, Economic Opportunity, and Immigration Modernization 
     Act;
       ``(II) shall be available as--

       ``(aa) a paper form;
       ``(bb) a form that may be completed by an employer via 
     telephone or video conference;
       ``(cc) an electronic form; or
       ``(dd) a form that is integrated electronically with the 
     requirements under subsection (d).

[[Page S5409]]

       ``(ii) Attestation.--Each such form shall require the 
     employer to sign an attestation with a handwritten, 
     electronic, or digital pin code signature, according to 
     standards prescribed by the Secretary.
       ``(iii) Compliance.--An employer has complied with the 
     requirements under this paragraph with respect to examination 
     of the documents included in subclauses (I) and (II) of 
     subparagraph (A)(i) if--

       ``(I) the employer has, in good faith, followed applicable 
     regulations and any written procedures or instructions 
     provided by the Secretary; and
       ``(II) a reasonable person would conclude that the 
     documentation is genuine and relates to the individual 
     presenting such documentation.

       ``(C) Documents establishing identity and employment 
     authorized status.--A document is specified in this 
     subparagraph if the document is unexpired (unless the 
     validity of the document is extended by law) and is 1 of the 
     following:
       ``(i) A United States passport or passport card issued to 
     an individual pursuant to the Secretary of State's authority 
     under the Act entitled `An Act to regulate the issue and 
     validity of passports, and for other purposes', approved July 
     3, 1926 (22 U.S.C. 211a).
       ``(ii) A document issued to an alien evidencing that the 
     alien is lawfully admitted for permanent residence or another 
     document issued to an individual evidencing the individual's 
     employment authorized status, as designated by the Secretary, 
     if the document--

       ``(I) contains a photograph of the individual, or such 
     other personal identifying information relating to the 
     individual as the Secretary determines, by regulation, to be 
     sufficient for the purposes of this subparagraph;
       ``(II) is evidence of employment authorized status; and
       ``(III) contains security features to make the document 
     resistant to tampering, counterfeiting, and fraudulent use.

       ``(iii) An enhanced driver's license or identification card 
     issued to a national of the United States by a State, an 
     outlying possession of the United States, or a federally 
     recognized Indian tribe that--

       ``(I) meets the requirements under section 202 of the REAL 
     ID Act of 2005 (division B of Public Law 109-13; 49 U.S.C. 
     30301 note); and
       ``(II) the Secretary has certified by notice published in 
     the Federal Register and through appropriate notice directly 
     to employers registered in the System 3 months prior to 
     publication that such enhanced license or card is suitable 
     for use under this subparagraph based upon the accuracy and 
     security of the issuance process, security features on the 
     document, and such other factors as the Secretary may 
     prescribe.

       ``(iv) A passport issued by the appropriate authority of a 
     foreign country accompanied by a Form I-94 or Form I-94A (or 
     similar successor record), or other documentation as 
     designated by the Secretary that specifies the individual's 
     status in the United States and the duration of such status 
     if the proposed employment is not in conflict with any 
     restriction or limitation specified on such form or 
     documentation.
       ``(v) A passport issued by the Federated States of 
     Micronesia or the Republic of the Marshall Islands with 
     evidence of nonimmigrant admission to the United States under 
     the Compact of Free Association between the United States and 
     the Federated States of Micronesia or the Republic of the 
     Marshall Islands.
       ``(D) Documents establishing identity of individual.--A 
     document is specified in this subparagraph if the document is 
     unexpired (unless the validity of the document is extended by 
     law) and is 1 of the following:
       ``(i) A driver's license or identity card that is not 
     described in subparagraph (C)(iii) and is issued to an 
     individual by a State or an outlying possession of the United 
     States, a federally recognized Indian tribe, or an agency 
     (including military) of the Federal Government if the 
     driver's license or identity card includes, at a minimum--

       ``(I) the individual's photograph, name, date of birth, 
     gender, and driver's license or identification card number; 
     and
       ``(II) security features to make the license or card 
     resistant to tampering, counterfeiting, and fraudulent use.

       ``(ii) A voter registration card.
       ``(iii) A document that complies with the requirements 
     under section 7209(b)(1) of the Intelligence Reform and 
     Terrorism Prevention Act of 2004 (Public Law 108-458; 8 
     U.S.C. 1185 note).
       ``(iv) For individuals under 18 years of age who are unable 
     to present a document listed in clause (i) or (ii), 
     documentation of personal identity of such other type as the 
     Secretary determines will provide a reliable means of 
     identification, which may include an attestation as to the 
     individual's identity by a parent or legal guardian under 
     penalty of perjury.
       ``(E) Documents evidencing employment authorization.--A 
     document is specified in this subparagraph if the document is 
     unexpired (unless the validity of the document is extended by 
     law) and is 1 of the following:
       ``(i) A social security account number card issued by the 
     Commissioner, other than a card which specifies on its face 
     that the card is not valid to evidence employment authorized 
     status or has other similar words of limitation.
       ``(ii) Any other documentation evidencing employment 
     authorized status that the Secretary determines and publishes 
     in the Federal Register and through appropriate notice 
     directly to employers registered within the System to be 
     acceptable for purposes of this subparagraph if such 
     documentation, including any electronic security measures 
     linked to such documentation, contains security features to 
     make such documentation resistant to tampering, 
     counterfeiting, and fraudulent use.
       ``(F) Identity authentication mechanism.--
       ``(i) Definitions.--In this subparagraph:

       ``(I) Covered identity document.--The term `covered 
     identity document' means a valid--

       ``(aa) United States passport, passport card, or a document 
     evidencing lawful permanent residence status or employment 
     authorized status issued to an alien;
       ``(bb) enhanced driver's license or identity card issued by 
     a participating State or an outlying possession of the United 
     States; or
       ``(cc) photograph and appropriate identifying information 
     provided by the Secretary of State pursuant to the granting 
     of a visa.

       ``(II) Participating state.--The term `participating State' 
     means a State that has an agreement with the Secretary to 
     provide the Secretary, for purposes of identity verification 
     in the System, with photographs and appropriate identifying 
     information maintained by the State.

       ``(ii) Requirement for identity authentication.--In 
     addition to verifying the documents specified in subparagraph 
     (C), (D), or (E) and utilizing the System under subsection 
     (d), each employer shall use an identity authentication 
     mechanism described in clause (iii) or provided in clause 
     (iv) after it becomes available to verify the identity of 
     each individual the employer seeks to hire.
       ``(iii) Photo tool.--

       ``(I) Use requirement.--An employer hiring an individual 
     who has a covered identity document shall verify the identity 
     of such individual using the photo tool described in 
     subclause (II).
       ``(II) Development requirement.--The Secretary shall 
     develop and maintain a photo tool that enables employers to 
     match the photo on a covered identity document provided to 
     the employer to a photo maintained by a U.S. Citizenship and 
     Immigration Services database.

       ``(iv) Additional security measures.--

       ``(I) Use requirement.--An employer seeking to hire an 
     individual whose identity may not be verified using the photo 
     tool described in clause (iii) shall verify the identity of 
     such individual using the additional security measures 
     described in subclause (II).
       ``(II) Development requirement.--The Secretary shall 
     develop, after publication in the Federal Register and an 
     opportunity for public comment, specific and effective 
     additional security measures to adequately verify the 
     identity of an individual whose identity may not be verified 
     using the photo tool described in clause (iii). Such 
     additional security measures--

       ``(aa) shall be kept up-to-date with technological 
     advances; and
       ``(bb) shall provide a means of identity authentication in 
     a manner that provides a high level of certainty as to the 
     identity of such individual, using immigration and 
     identifying information that may include review of identity 
     documents or background screening verification techniques 
     using publicly available information.
       ``(G) Authority to prohibit use of certain documents.--If 
     the Secretary determines, after publication in the Federal 
     Register and an opportunity for public comment, that any 
     document or class of documents specified in subparagraph (B), 
     (C), or (D) does not reliably establish identity or that 
     employment authorized status is being used fraudulently to an 
     unacceptable degree, the Secretary--
       ``(i) may prohibit or restrict the use of such document or 
     class of documents for purposes of this subsection; and
       ``(ii) shall directly notify all employers registered 
     within the System of the prohibition through appropriate 
     means.
       ``(H) Authority to allow use of certain documents.--If the 
     Secretary has determined that another document or class of 
     documents, such as a document issued by a federally 
     recognized Indian tribe, may be used to reliably establish 
     identity or employment authorized status, the Secretary--
       ``(i) may allow the use of that document or class of 
     documents for purposes of this subsection after publication 
     in the Federal Register and an opportunity for public 
     comment;
       ``(ii) shall publish a description of any such document or 
     class of documents on the U.S. Citizenship and Immigration 
     Services website; and
       ``(iii) shall directly notify all employers registered 
     within the System of the addition through appropriate means.
       ``(2) Individual attestation of employment authorization.--
     An individual, upon commencing employment with an employer, 
     shall--
       ``(A) attest, under penalty of perjury, on the form 
     prescribed by the Secretary, that the individual is--
       ``(i) a citizen of the United States;
       ``(ii) an alien lawfully admitted for permanent residence;
       ``(iii) an alien who has employment authorized status; or
       ``(iv) otherwise authorized by the Secretary to be hired 
     for such employment;

[[Page S5410]]

       ``(B) provide such attestation by a handwritten, 
     electronic, or digital pin code signature; and
       ``(C) provide the individual's social security account 
     number to the Secretary, unless the individual has not yet 
     been issued such a number, on such form as the Secretary may 
     require.
       ``(3) Retention of verification record.--
       ``(A) In general.--After completing a form for an 
     individual in accordance with paragraphs (1) and (2), the 
     employer shall retain a version of such completed form and 
     make such form available for inspection by the Secretary or 
     the Office of Special Counsel for Immigration-Related Unfair 
     Employment Practices of the Department of Justice during the 
     period beginning on the hiring date of the individual and 
     ending on the later of--
       ``(i) the date that is 3 years after such hiring date; or
       ``(ii) the date that is 1 year after the date on which the 
     individual's employment with the employer is terminated.
       ``(B) Requirement for electronic retention.--The 
     Secretary--
       ``(i) shall permit an employer to retain the form described 
     in subparagraph (A) in electronic form; and
       ``(ii) shall permit an employer to retain such form in 
     paper, microfiche, microfilm, portable document format, or 
     other media.
       ``(4) Copying of documentation and recordkeeping.--The 
     Secretary may promulgate regulations regarding--
       ``(A) copying documents and related information pertaining 
     to employment verification presented by an individual under 
     this subsection; and
       ``(B) retaining such information during a period not to 
     exceed the required retention period set forth in paragraph 
     (3).
       ``(5) Penalties.--An employer that fails to comply with any 
     requirement under this subsection may be penalized under 
     subsection (e)(4)(B).
       ``(6) Protection of civil rights.--
       ``(A) In general.--Nothing in this section may be construed 
     to diminish any rights otherwise protected by Federal law.
       ``(B) Prohibition on discrimination.--An employer shall use 
     the procedures for document verification set forth in this 
     paragraph for all employees without regard to race, color, 
     religion, sex, national origin, or, unless specifically 
     permitted in this section, to citizenship status.
       ``(7) Receipts.--The Secretary may authorize the use of 
     receipts for replacement documents, and temporary evidence of 
     employment authorization by an individual to meet a 
     documentation requirement under this subsection on a 
     temporary basis not to exceed 1 year, after which time the 
     individual shall provide documentation sufficient to satisfy 
     the documentation requirements under this subsection.
       ``(8) No authorization of national identification cards.--
     Nothing in this section may be construed to directly or 
     indirectly authorize the issuance, use, or establishment of a 
     national identification card.
       ``(d) Employment Verification System.--
       ``(1) In general.--
       ``(A) Establishment.--The Secretary, in consultation with 
     the Commissioner, shall establish the Employment Verification 
     System.
       ``(B) Monitoring.--The Secretary shall create the necessary 
     processes to monitor--
       ``(i) the functioning of the System, including the volume 
     of the workflow, the speed of processing of queries, the 
     speed and accuracy of responses;
       ``(ii) the misuse of the System, including the prevention 
     of fraud or identity theft;
       ``(iii) whether the use of the System results in wrongful 
     adverse actions or discrimination based upon a prohibited 
     factor against citizens or nationals of the United States or 
     individuals who have employment authorized status; and
       ``(iv) the security, integrity, and privacy of the System.
       ``(C) Procedures.--The Secretary--
       ``(i) shall create processes to provide an individual with 
     direct access to the individual's case history in the System, 
     including--

       ``(I) the identities of all persons or entities that have 
     queried the individual through the System;
       ``(II) the date of each such query; and
       ``(III) the System response for each such query; and

       ``(ii) in consultation with the Commissioner, shall 
     develop--

       ``(I) protocols to notify an individual, in a timely manner 
     through the use of electronic correspondence or mail, that a 
     query for the individual has been processed through the 
     System; or
       ``(II) a process for the individual to submit additional 
     queries to the System or notify the Secretary of potential 
     identity fraud.

       ``(2) Participation requirements.--
       ``(A) Federal government.--Except as provided in 
     subparagraph (B), all agencies and departments in the 
     executive, legislative, or judicial branches of the Federal 
     Government shall participate in the System beginning on the 
     earlier of--
       ``(i) the date of the enactment of the Border Security, 
     Economic Opportunity, and Immigration Modernization Act, to 
     the extent required under section 402(e)(1) of the Illegal 
     Immigration Reform and Immigrant Responsibility Act of 1996 
     (division C of Public Law 104-208; 8 U.S.C. 1324a) and as 
     already implemented by each agency or department; or
       ``(ii) the date that is 90 days after the date of the 
     enactment of the Border Security, Economic Opportunity, and 
     Immigration Modernization Act.
       ``(B) Federal contractors.--Federal contractors shall 
     participate in the System as provided in the final rule 
     relating to employment eligibility verification published in 
     the Federal Register on November 14, 2008 (73 Fed. Reg. 
     67,651), or any similar subsequent regulation, for which 
     purpose references to E-Verify in the final rule shall be 
     construed to apply to the System.
       ``(C) Critical infrastructure.--
       ``(i) In general.--Beginning on the date that is 1 year 
     after the date on which regulations are published 
     implementing this subsection, the Secretary may authorize or 
     direct any employer, person, or entity responsible for 
     granting access to, protecting, securing, operating, 
     administering, or regulating part of the critical 
     infrastructure (as defined in section 1016(e) of the Critical 
     Infrastructure Protection Act of 2001 (42 U.S.C. 5195c(e))) 
     to participate in the System to the extent the Secretary 
     determines that such participation will assist in the 
     protection of the critical infrastructure.
       ``(ii) Notification to employers.--The Secretary shall 
     notify an employer required to participate in the System 
     under this subparagraph not later than 90 days before the 
     date on which the employer is required to participate.
       ``(D) Employers with more than 5,000 employees.--Not later 
     than 2 years after regulations are published implementing 
     this subsection, all employers with more than 5,000 employees 
     shall participate in the System with respect to all newly 
     hired employees and employees with expiring temporary 
     employment authorization documents.
       ``(E) Employers with more than 500 employees.--Not later 
     than 3 years after regulations are published implementing 
     this subsection, all employers with more than 500 employees 
     shall participate in the System with respect to all newly 
     hired employees and employees with expiring temporary 
     employment authorization documents.
       ``(F) Agricultural employment.--Not later than 4 years 
     after regulations are published implementing this subsection, 
     employers of employees performing agricultural employment (as 
     defined in section 218A of this Act and section 2202 of the 
     Border Security, Economic Opportunity, and Immigration 
     Modernization Act) shall participate in the System with 
     respect to all newly hired employees and employees with 
     expiring temporary employment authorization documents. An 
     agricultural employee shall not be counted for purposes of 
     subparagraph (D) or (E).
       ``(G) All employers.--Except as provided in subparagraph 
     (H), not later than 4 years after regulations are published 
     implementing this subsection, all employers shall participate 
     in the System with respect to all newly hired employees and 
     employees with expiring temporary employment authorization 
     documents.
       ``(H) Tribal government employers.--
       ``(i) Rulemaking.--In developing regulations to implement 
     this subsection, the Secretary shall--

       ``(I) consider the effects of this section on federally 
     recognized Indian tribes and tribal members; and
       ``(II) consult with the governments of federally recognized 
     Indian tribes.

       ``(ii) Required participation.--Not later than 5 years 
     after regulations are published implementing this subsection, 
     all employers owned by, or entities of, the government of a 
     federally recognized Indian tribe shall participate in the 
     System with respect to all newly hired employees and 
     employees with expiring temporary employment authorization 
     documents.
       ``(I) Immigration law violators.--
       ``(i) Orders finding violations.--An order finding any 
     employer to have violated this section or section 274C may, 
     in the Secretary's discretion, require the employer to 
     participate in the System with respect to newly hired 
     employees and employees with expiring temporary employment 
     authorization documents, if such employer is not otherwise 
     required to participate in the System under this section. The 
     Secretary shall monitor such employer's compliance with 
     System procedures.
       ``(ii) Pattern or practice of violations.--The Secretary 
     may require an employer that is required to participate in 
     the System with respect to newly hired employees to 
     participate in the System with respect to the employer's 
     current employees if the employer is determined by the 
     Secretary or other appropriate authority to have engaged in a 
     pattern or practice of violations of the immigration laws of 
     the United States.
       ``(J)  Voluntary participation.--The Secretary may permit 
     any employer that is not required to participate in the 
     System under this section to do so on a voluntary basis.
       ``(3) Consequence of failure to participate.--
       ``(A) In general.--Except as provided in subparagraph (B), 
     the failure, other than a de minimis or inadvertent failure, 
     of an employer that is required to participate in the System 
     to comply with the requirements of the System with respect to 
     an individual--
       ``(i) shall be treated as a violation of subsection 
     (a)(1)(B) with respect to that individual; and
       ``(ii) creates a rebuttable presumption that the employer 
     has violated paragraph (1)(A) or (2) of subsection (a).
       ``(B) Exception.--
       ``(i) In general.--Subparagraph (A) shall not apply in a 
     criminal prosecution.

[[Page S5411]]

       ``(ii) Use as evidence.--Nothing in this paragraph may be 
     construed to limit the use in the prosecution of a Federal 
     crime, in a manner otherwise consistent with Federal criminal 
     law and procedure, of evidence relating to the employer's 
     failure to comply with requirements of the System.
       ``(4) Procedures for participants in the system.--
       ``(A) In general.--An employer participating in the System 
     shall register such participation with the Secretary and, 
     when hiring any individual for employment in the United 
     States, shall comply with the following:
       ``(i) Registration of employers.--The Secretary, through 
     notice in the Federal Register, shall prescribe procedures 
     that employers shall be required to follow to register with 
     the System.
       ``(ii) Updating information.--The employer is responsible 
     for providing notice of any change to the information 
     required under subclauses (I), (II), and (III) of clause (v) 
     before conducting any further inquiries within the System, or 
     on such other schedule as the Secretary may prescribe.
       ``(iii) Training.--The Secretary shall require employers to 
     undergo such training as the Secretary determines to be 
     necessary to ensure proper use, protection of civil rights 
     and civil liberties, privacy, integrity, and security of the 
     System. To the extent practicable, such training shall be 
     made available electronically on the U.S. Citizenship and 
     Immigration Services website.
       ``(iv) Notification to employees.--The employer shall 
     inform individuals hired for employment that the System--

       ``(I) will be used by the employer;
       ``(II) may be used for immigration enforcement purposes; 
     and
       ``(III) may not be used to discriminate or to take adverse 
     action against a national of the United States or an alien 
     who has employment authorized status.

       ``(v) Provision of additional information.--The employer 
     shall obtain from the individual (and the individual shall 
     provide) and shall record in such manner as the Secretary may 
     specify--

       ``(I) the individual's social security account number;
       ``(II) if the individual does not attest to United States 
     citizenship or status as a national of the United States 
     under subsection (c)(2), such identification or authorization 
     number established by the Department as the Secretary shall 
     specify; and
       ``(III) such other information as the Secretary may require 
     to determine the identity and employment authorization of an 
     individual.

       ``(vi) Presentation of documentation.--The employer, and 
     the individual whose identity and employment authorized 
     status are being confirmed, shall fulfill the requirements 
     under subsection (c).
       ``(B) Seeking confirmation.--
       ``(i) In general.--An employer shall use the System to 
     confirm the identity and employment authorized status of any 
     individual during--

       ``(I) the period beginning on the date on which the 
     individual accepts an offer of employment and ending 3 
     business days after the date on which employment begins; or
       ``(II) such other reasonable period as the Secretary may 
     prescribe.

       ``(ii) Limitation.--An employer may not make the starting 
     date of an individual's employment or training or any other 
     term and condition of employment dependent on the receipt of 
     a confirmation of identity and employment authorized status 
     by the System.
       ``(iii) Reverification.--If an individual has a limited 
     period of employment authorized status, the individual's 
     employer shall reverify such status through the System not 
     later than 3 business days after the last day of such period.
       ``(iv) Other employment.--For employers directed by the 
     Secretary to participate in the System under paragraph 
     (2)(C)(i) to protect critical infrastructure or otherwise 
     specified circumstances in this section to verify their 
     entire workforce, the System may be used for initial 
     verification of an individual who was hired before the 
     employer became subject to the System, and the employer shall 
     initiate all required procedures on or before such date as 
     the Secretary shall specify.
       ``(v) Notification.--

       ``(I) In general.--The Secretary shall provide, and the 
     employer shall utilize, as part of the System, a method of 
     notifying employers of a confirmation or nonconfirmation of 
     an individual's identity and employment authorized status, or 
     a notice that further action is required to verify such 
     identity or employment eligibility (referred to in this 
     subsection as a `further action notice').
       ``(II) Procedures.--The Secretary shall--

       ``(aa) directly notify the individual and the employer, by 
     means of electronic correspondence, mail, text message, 
     telephone, or other direct communication, of a 
     nonconfirmation or further action notice;
       ``(bb) provide information about filing an administrative 
     appeal under paragraph (6) and a filing for review before an 
     administrative law judge under paragraph (7); and
       ``(cc) establish procedures to directly notify the 
     individual and the employer of a confirmation.

       ``(III) Implementation.--The Secretary may provide for a 
     phased-in implementation of the notification requirements 
     under this clause, as appropriate. The notification system 
     shall cover all inquiries not later than 1 year from the date 
     of the enactment of the Border Security, Economic 
     Opportunity, and Immigration Modernization Act.

       ``(C) Confirmation or nonconfirmation.--
       ``(i) Initial response.--

       ``(I) In general.--Except as provided in subclause (II), 
     the System shall provide--

       ``(aa) a confirmation of an individual's identity and 
     employment authorized status or a further action notice at 
     the time of the inquiry; and
       ``(bb) an appropriate code indicating such confirmation or 
     such further action notice.

       ``(II) Alternative deadline.--If the System is unable to 
     provide immediate confirmation or further action notice for 
     technological reasons or due to unforeseen circumstances, the 
     System shall provide a confirmation or further action notice 
     not later than 3 business days after the initial inquiry.

       ``(ii) Confirmation upon initial inquiry.--If the employer 
     receives an appropriate confirmation of an individual's 
     identity and employment authorized status under the System, 
     the employer shall record the confirmation in such manner as 
     the Secretary may specify.
       ``(iii) Further action notice and later confirmation or 
     nonconfirmation.--

       ``(I) Notification and acknowledgment that further action 
     is required.--Not later than 3 business days after an 
     employer receives a further action notice of an individual's 
     identity or employment eligibility under the System, or 
     during such other reasonable time as the Secretary may 
     prescribe, the employer shall notify the individual for whom 
     the confirmation is sought of the further action notice and 
     any procedures specified by the Secretary for addressing such 
     notice. The further action notice shall be given to the 
     individual in writing and the employer shall acknowledge in 
     the System under penalty of perjury that it provided the 
     employee with the further action notice. The individual shall 
     affirmatively acknowledge in writing, or in such other manner 
     as the Secretary may specify, the receipt of the further 
     action notice from the employer. If the individual refuses to 
     acknowledge the receipt of the further action notice, or 
     acknowledges in writing that the individual will not contest 
     the further action notice under subclause (II), the employer 
     shall notify the Secretary in such manner as the Secretary 
     may specify.
       ``(II) Contest.--Not later than 10 business days after 
     receiving notification of a further action notice under 
     subclause (I), the individual shall contact the appropriate 
     Federal agency and, if the Secretary so requires, appear in 
     person for purposes of verifying the individual's identity 
     and employment eligibility. The Secretary, in consultation 
     with the Commissioner and other appropriate Federal agencies, 
     shall specify an available secondary verification procedure 
     to confirm the validity of information provided and to 
     provide a confirmation or nonconfirmation. Any procedures for 
     reexamination shall not limit in any way an employee's right 
     to appeal a nonconfirmation.
       ``(III) No contest.--If the individual refuses to 
     acknowledge receipt of the further action notice, 
     acknowledges that the individual will not contest the further 
     action notice as provided in subclause (I), or does not 
     contact the appropriate Federal agency within the period 
     specified in subclause (II), following expiration of the 
     period specified in subclause (II), a nonconfirmation shall 
     be issued. The employer shall record the nonconfirmation in 
     such manner as the Secretary may specify and terminate the 
     individual's employment. An individual's failure to contest a 
     further action notice shall not be considered an admission of 
     guilt with respect to any violation of this section or any 
     provision of law.
       ``(IV) Confirmation or nonconfirmation.--Unless the period 
     is extended in accordance with this subclause, the System 
     shall provide a confirmation or nonconfirmation not later 
     than 10 business days after the date on which the individual 
     contests the further action notice under subclause (II). If 
     the Secretary determines that good cause exists, after taking 
     into account adverse impacts to the employer, and including 
     time to permit the individual to obtain and provide needed 
     evidence of identity or employment eligibility, the Secretary 
     shall extend the period for providing confirmation or 
     nonconfirmation for stated periods beyond 10 business days. 
     When confirmation or nonconfirmation is provided, the 
     confirmation system shall provide an appropriate code 
     indicating such confirmation or nonconfirmation.
       ``(V) Reexamination.--Nothing in this section shall prevent 
     the Secretary from establishing procedures to reexamine a 
     case where a confirmation or nonconfirmation has been 
     provided if subsequently received information indicates that 
     the confirmation or nonconfirmation may not have been 
     correct. Any procedures for reexamination shall not limit in 
     any way an employee's right to appeal a nonconfirmation.
       ``(VI) Employee protections.--An employer may not terminate 
     employment or take any other adverse action against an 
     individual solely because of a failure of the individual to 
     have identity and employment eligibility confirmed under this 
     subsection until--

       ``(aa) a nonconfirmation has been issued;
       ``(bb) if the further action notice was contested, the 
     period to timely file an administrative appeal has expired 
     without an appeal or the contestation to the further action 
     notice is withdrawn; or
       ``(cc) if an appeal before an administrative law judge 
     under paragraph (7) has been filed,

[[Page S5412]]

     the nonconfirmation has been upheld or the appeal has been 
     withdrawn or dismissed.
       ``(iv) Notice of nonconfirmation.--Not later than 3 
     business days after an employer receives a nonconfirmation, 
     or during such other reasonable time as the Secretary may 
     provide, the employer shall notify the individual who is the 
     subject of the nonconfirmation, and provide information about 
     filing an administrative appeal pursuant to paragraph (6) and 
     a request for a hearing before an administrative law judge 
     pursuant to paragraph (7). The nonconfirmation notice shall 
     be given to the individual in writing and the employer shall 
     acknowledge in the System under penalty of perjury that it 
     provided the notice (or adequately attempted to provide 
     notice, but was unable to do so despite reasonable efforts). 
     The individual shall affirmatively acknowledge in writing, or 
     in such other manner as the Secretary may prescribe, the 
     receipt of the nonconfirmation notice from the employer. If 
     the individual refuses or fails to acknowledge the receipt of 
     the nonconfirmation notice, the employer shall notify the 
     Secretary in such manner as the Secretary may prescribe.
       ``(D) Consequences of nonconfirmation.--
       ``(i) Termination of continued employment.--Except as 
     provided in clause (iii), an employer that has received a 
     nonconfirmation regarding an individual and has made 
     reasonable efforts to notify the individual in accordance 
     with subparagraph (C)(iv) shall terminate the employment of 
     the individual upon the expiration of the time period 
     specified in paragraph (7).
       ``(ii) Continued employment after nonconfirmation.--If the 
     employer continues to employ an individual after receiving 
     nonconfirmation and exhaustion of all appeals or expiration 
     of all rights to appeal if not appealed, in violation of 
     clause (i), a rebuttable presumption is created that the 
     employer has violated paragraphs (1)(A) and (2) of subsection 
     (a). Such presumption shall not apply in any prosecution 
     under subsection (k)(1).
       ``(iii) Effect of administrative appeal or review by 
     administrative law judge.--If an individual files an 
     administrative appeal of the nonconfirmation within the time 
     period specified in paragraph (6)(A), or files for review 
     with an administrative law judge specified in paragraph 
     (7)(A), the employer shall not terminate the individual's 
     employment under this subparagraph prior to the resolution of 
     the administrative appeal unless the Secretary or 
     Commissioner terminates the stay under paragraph (6)(B) or 
     (7)(B).
       ``(iv) Weekly report.--The Director of U.S. Citizenship and 
     Immigration Services shall submit a weekly report to the 
     Assistant Secretary for Immigration and Customs Enforcement 
     that includes, for each individual who receives final 
     nonconfirmation through the System--

       ``(I) the name of such individual;
       ``(II) his or her social security number or alien file 
     number;
       ``(III) the name and contact information for his or her 
     current employer; and
       ``(IV) any other critical information that the Assistant 
     Secretary determines to be appropriate.

       ``(E) Obligation to respond to queries and additional 
     information.--
       ``(i) In general.--Employers shall comply with requests for 
     information from the Secretary and the Special Counsel for 
     Immigration-Related Unfair Employment Practices of the 
     Department of Justice, including queries concerning current 
     and former employees, within the time frame during which 
     records are required to be maintained under this section 
     regarding such former employees, if such information relates 
     to the functioning of the System, the accuracy of the 
     responses provided by the System, or any suspected misuse, 
     discrimination, fraud, or identity theft in the use of the 
     System. Failure to comply with a request under this clause 
     constitutes a violation of subsection (a)(1)(B).
       ``(ii) Action by individuals.--

       ``(I) In general.--Individuals being verified through the 
     System may be required to take further action to address 
     questions identified by the Secretary or the Commissioner 
     regarding the documents relied upon for purposes of 
     subsection (c).
       ``(II) Notification.--Not later than 3 business days after 
     the receipt of such questions regarding an individual, or 
     during such other reasonable time as the Secretary may 
     prescribe, the employer shall--

       ``(aa) notify the individual of any such requirement for 
     further actions; and
       ``(bb) record the date and manner of such notification.

       ``(III) Acknowledgment.--The individual shall acknowledge 
     the notification received from the employer under subclause 
     (II) in writing, or in such other manner as the Secretary may 
     prescribe.

       ``(iii) Rulemaking.--

       ``(I) In general.--The Secretary, in consultation with the 
     Commissioner and the Attorney General, is authorized to issue 
     regulations implementing, clarifying, and supplementing the 
     requirements under this subparagraph--

       ``(aa) to facilitate the functioning, accuracy, and 
     fairness of the System;
       ``(bb) to prevent misuse, discrimination, fraud, or 
     identity theft in the use of the System; or
       ``(cc) to protect and maintain the confidentiality of 
     information that could be used to locate or otherwise place 
     at risk of harm victims of domestic violence, dating 
     violence, sexual assault, stalking, and human trafficking, 
     and of the applicant or beneficiary of any petition described 
     in section 384(a)(2) of the Illegal Immigration Reform and 
     Immigrant Responsibility Act of 1996 (8 U.S.C. 1367(a)(2)).

       ``(II) Notice.--The regulations issued under subclause (I) 
     shall be--

       ``(aa) published in the Federal Register; and
       ``(bb) provided directly to all employers registered in the 
     System.
       ``(F) Designated agents.--The Secretary shall establish a 
     process--
       ``(i) for certifying, on an annual basis or at such times 
     as the Secretary may prescribe, designated agents and other 
     System service providers seeking access to the System to 
     perform verification queries on behalf of employers, based 
     upon training, usage, privacy, and security standards 
     prescribed by the Secretary;
       ``(ii) for ensuring that designated agents and other System 
     service providers are subject to monitoring to the same 
     extent as direct access users; and
       ``(iii) for establishing standards for certification of 
     electronic I-9 programs.
       ``(G) Requirement to provide information.--
       ``(i) In general.--No later than 3 months after the date of 
     the enactment of the Border Security, Economic Opportunity, 
     and Immigration Modernization Act, the Secretary, in 
     consultation with the Secretary of Labor, the Secretary of 
     Agriculture, the Commissioner, the Attorney General, the 
     Equal Employment Opportunity Commission, and the 
     Administrator of the Small Business Administration, shall 
     commence a campaign to disseminate information respecting the 
     procedures, rights, and remedies prescribed under this 
     section.
       ``(ii) Campaign requirements.--The campaign authorized 
     under clause (i)--

       ``(I) shall be aimed at increasing the knowledge of 
     employers, employees, and the general public concerning 
     employer and employee rights, responsibilities, and remedies 
     under this section; and
       ``(II) shall be coordinated with the public education 
     campaign conducted by U.S. Citizenship and Immigration 
     Services.

       ``(iii) Assessment.--The Secretary shall assess the success 
     of the campaign in achieving the goals of the campaign.
       ``(iv) Authority to contract.--In order to carry out and 
     assess the campaign under this subparagraph, the Secretary 
     may, to the extent deemed appropriate and subject to the 
     availability of appropriations, contract with public and 
     private organizations for outreach and assessment activities 
     under the campaign.
       ``(v) Authorization of appropriations.--There are 
     authorized to be appropriated to carry out this paragraph 
     $40,000,000 for each of the fiscal years 2014 through 2016.
       ``(H) Authority to modify information requirements.--Based 
     on a regular review of the System and the document 
     verification procedures to identify misuse or fraudulent use 
     and to assess the security of the documents and processes 
     used to establish identity or employment authorized status, 
     the Secretary, in consultation with the Commissioner, after 
     publication of notice in the Federal Register and an 
     opportunity for public comment, may modify, if the Secretary 
     determines that the modification is necessary to ensure that 
     the System accurately and reliably determines the identity 
     and employment authorized status of employees and maintain 
     existing protections against misuse, discrimination, fraud, 
     and identity theft--
       ``(i) the information that shall be presented to the 
     employer by an individual;
       ``(ii) the information that shall be provided to the System 
     by the employer; and
       ``(iii) the procedures that shall be followed by employers 
     with respect to the process of verifying an individual 
     through the System.
       ``(I) Self-verification.--Subject to appropriate safeguards 
     to prevent misuse of the system, the Secretary, in 
     consultation with the Commissioner, shall establish a secure 
     self-verification procedure to permit an individual who seeks 
     to verify the individual's own employment eligibility to 
     contact the appropriate agency and, in a timely manner, 
     correct or update the information contained in the System.
       ``(5) Protection from liability for actions taken on the 
     basis of information provided by the system.--An employer 
     shall not be liable to a job applicant, an employee, the 
     Federal Government, or a State or local government, under 
     Federal, State, or local criminal or civil law for any 
     employment-related action taken with respect to a job 
     applicant or employee in good faith reliance on information 
     provided by the System.
       ``(6) Administrative appeal.--
       ``(A) In general.--An individual who is notified of a 
     nonconfirmation may, not later than 10 business days after 
     the date that such notice is received, file an administrative 
     appeal of such nonconfirmation with the Commissioner if the 
     notice is based on records maintained by the Commissioner, or 
     in any other case, with the Secretary. An individual who did 
     not timely contest a further action notice timely received by 
     that individual for which the individual acknowledged receipt 
     may not be granted a review under this paragraph.
       ``(B) Administrative stay of nonconfirmation.--The 
     nonconfirmation shall be automatically stayed upon the timely 
     filing of an administrative appeal, unless the 
     nonconfirmation resulted after the individual acknowledged 
     receipt of the further action

[[Page S5413]]

     notice but failed to contact the appropriate agency within 
     the time provided. The stay shall remain in effect until the 
     resolution of the appeal, unless the Secretary or the 
     Commissioner terminates the stay based on a determination 
     that the administrative appeal is frivolous or filed for 
     purposes of delay.
       ``(C) Review for error.--The Secretary and the Commissioner 
     shall develop procedures for resolving administrative appeals 
     regarding nonconfirmations based upon the information that 
     the individual has provided, including any additional 
     evidence or argument that was not previously considered. Any 
     such additional evidence or argument shall be filed within 10 
     business days of the date the appeal was originally filed. 
     Appeals shall be resolved within 20 business days after the 
     individual has submitted all evidence and arguments the 
     individual wishes to submit, or has stated in writing that 
     there is no additional evidence that the individual wishes to 
     submit. The Secretary and the Commissioner may, on a case by 
     case basis for good cause, extend the filing and submission 
     period in order to ensure accurate resolution of an appeal 
     before the Secretary or the Commissioner.
       ``(D) Preponderance of evidence.--Administrative appeal 
     under this paragraph shall be limited to whether a 
     nonconfirmation notice is supported by a preponderance of the 
     evidence.
       ``(E) Damages, fees, and costs.--No money damages, fees or 
     costs may be awarded in the administrative appeal process 
     under this paragraph.
       ``(7) Review by administrative law judge.--
       ``(A) In general.--Not later than 30 days after the date an 
     individual receives a final determination on an 
     administrative appeal under paragraph (6), the individual may 
     obtain review of such determination by filing a complaint 
     with a Department of Justice administrative law judge in 
     accordance with this paragraph.
       ``(B) Stay of nonconfirmation.--The nonconfirmation related 
     to such final determination shall be automatically stayed 
     upon the timely filing of a complaint under this paragraph, 
     and the stay shall remain in effect until the resolution of 
     the complaint, unless the administrative law judge determines 
     that the action is frivolous or filed for purposes of delay.
       ``(C) Service.--The respondent to complaint filed under 
     this paragraph is either the Secretary or the Commissioner, 
     but not both, depending upon who issued the administrative 
     order under paragraph (6). In addition to serving the 
     respondent, the plaintiff shall serve the Attorney General.
       ``(D) Authority of administrative law judge.--
       ``(i) Rules of practice.--The Secretary shall promulgate 
     regulations regarding the rules of practice in appeals 
     brought pursuant to this subsection.
       ``(ii) Authority of administrative law judge.--The 
     administrative law judge shall have power to--

       ``(I) terminate a stay of a nonconfirmation under 
     subparagraph (B) if the administrative law judge determines 
     that the action is frivolous or filed for purposes of delay;
       ``(II) adduce evidence at a hearing;
       ``(III) compel by subpoena the attendance of witnesses and 
     the production of evidence at any designated place or 
     hearing;
       ``(IV) resolve claims of identity theft; and
       ``(V) enter, upon the pleadings and any evidence adduced at 
     a hearing, a decision affirming or reversing the result of 
     the agency, with or without remanding the cause for a 
     rehearing.

       ``(iii) Subpoena.--In case of contumacy or refusal to obey 
     a subpoena lawfully issued under this section and upon 
     application of the administrative law judge, an appropriate 
     district court of the United States may issue an order 
     requiring compliance with such subpoena and any failure to 
     obey such order may be punished by such court as a contempt 
     of such court.
       ``(iv) Training.--An administrative law judge hearing cases 
     shall have special training respecting employment authorized 
     status verification.
       ``(E) Order by administrative law judge.--
       ``(i) In general.--The administrative law judge shall issue 
     and cause to be served to the parties in the proceeding an 
     order which may be appealed as provided in subparagraph (G).
       ``(ii) Contents of order.--Such an order shall uphold or 
     reverse the final determination on the request for 
     reconsideration and order lost wages and other appropriate 
     remedies as provided in subparagraph (F).
       ``(F) Compensation for error.--
       ``(i) In general.--In cases in which the administrative law 
     judge reverses the final determination of the Secretary or 
     the Commissioner made under paragraph (6), and the 
     administrative law judge finds that--

       ``(I) the nonconfirmation was due to gross negligence or 
     intentional misconduct of the employer, the administrative 
     law judge may order the employer to pay the individual lost 
     wages, and reasonable costs and attorneys' fees incurred 
     during administrative and judicial review; or
       ``(II) such final determination was erroneous by reason of 
     the negligence of the Secretary or the Commissioner, the 
     administrative law judge may order the Secretary or the 
     Commissioner to pay the individual lost wages, and reasonable 
     costs and attorneys' fees incurred during the administrative 
     appeal and the administrative law judge review.

       ``(ii) Calculation of lost wages.--Lost wages shall be 
     calculated based on the wage rate and work schedule that 
     prevailed prior to termination. The individual shall be 
     compensated for wages lost beginning on the first scheduled 
     work day after employment was terminated and ending 120 days 
     after completion of the administrative law judge's review 
     described in this paragraph or the day after the individual 
     is reinstated or obtains employment elsewhere, whichever 
     occurs first. If the individual obtains employment elsewhere 
     at a lower wage rate, the individual shall be compensated for 
     the difference in wages for the period ending 120 days after 
     completion of the administrative law judge review process. No 
     lost wages shall be awarded for any period of time during 
     which the individual was not in employment authorized status.
       ``(iii) Payment of compensation.--Notwithstanding any other 
     law, payment of compensation for lost wages, costs, and 
     attorneys' fees under this paragraph, or compromise 
     settlements of the same, shall be made as provided by section 
     1304 of title 31, United States Code. Appropriations made 
     available to the Secretary or the Commissioner, accounts 
     provided for under section 286, and funds from the Federal 
     Old-Age and Survivors Insurance Trust Fund or the Federal 
     Disability Insurance Trust Fund shall not be available to pay 
     such compensation.
       ``(G) Appeal.--No later than 45 days after the entry of 
     such final order, any person adversely affected by such final 
     order may seek review of such order in the United States 
     Court of Appeals for the circuit in which the violation is 
     alleged to have occurred or in which the employer resides or 
     transacts business.
       ``(8) Management of the system.--
       ``(A) In general.--The Secretary is authorized to 
     establish, manage, and modify the System, which shall--
       ``(i) respond to inquiries made by participating employers 
     at any time through the internet, or such other means as the 
     Secretary may designate, concerning an individual's identity 
     and whether the individual is in employment authorized 
     status;
       ``(ii) maintain records of the inquiries that were made, of 
     confirmations provided (or not provided), and of the codes 
     provided to employers as evidence of their compliance with 
     their obligations under the System; and
       ``(iii) provide information to, and require action by, 
     employers and individuals using the System.
       ``(B) Design and operation of system.--The System shall be 
     designed and operated--
       ``(i) to maximize its reliability and ease of use by 
     employers consistent with protecting the privacy and security 
     of the underlying information, and ensuring full notice of 
     such use to employees;
       ``(ii) to maximize its ease of use by employees, including 
     direct notification of its use, of results, and ability to 
     challenge results;
       ``(iii) to respond accurately to all inquiries made by 
     employers on whether individuals are authorized to be 
     employed and to register any times when the system is unable 
     to receive inquiries;
       ``(iv) to maintain appropriate administrative, technical, 
     and physical safeguards to prevent unauthorized disclosure of 
     personal information, misuse by employers and employees, and 
     discrimination;
       ``(v) to require regularly scheduled refresher training of 
     all users of the System to ensure compliance with all 
     procedures;
       ``(vi) to allow for auditing of the use of the System to 
     detect misuse, discrimination, fraud, and identity theft, to 
     protect privacy and assess System accuracy, and to preserve 
     the integrity and security of the information in all of the 
     System, including--

       ``(I) to develop and use tools and processes to detect or 
     prevent fraud and identity theft, such as multiple uses of 
     the same identifying information or documents to fraudulently 
     gain employment;
       ``(II) to develop and use tools and processes to detect and 
     prevent misuse of the system by employers and employees;
       ``(III) to develop tools and processes to detect anomalies 
     in the use of the system that may indicate potential fraud or 
     misuse of the system;
       ``(IV) to audit documents and information submitted by 
     employees to employers, including authority to conduct 
     interviews with employers and employees, and obtain 
     information concerning employment from the employer;

       ``(vii) to confirm identity and employment authorization 
     through verification and comparison of records as determined 
     necessary by the Secretary;
       ``(viii) to confirm electronically the issuance of the 
     employment authorization or identity document and--

       ``(I) if such photograph is available, to display the 
     digital photograph that the issuer placed on the document so 
     that the employer can compare the photograph displayed to the 
     photograph on the document presented by the employee; or
       ``(II) if a photograph is not available from the issuer, to 
     confirm the authenticity of the document using such 
     alternative procedures as the Secretary may specify; and

       ``(ix) to provide appropriate notification directly to 
     employers registered with the System of all changes made by 
     the Secretary or the Commissioner related to allowed and 
     prohibited documents, and use of the System.

[[Page S5414]]

       ``(C) Safeguards to the system.--
       ``(i) Requirement to develop.--The Secretary, in 
     consultation with the Commissioner and other appropriate 
     Federal and State agencies, shall develop policies and 
     procedures to ensure protection of the privacy and security 
     of personally identifiable information and identifiers 
     contained in the records accessed or maintained by the 
     System. The Secretary, in consultation with the Commissioner 
     and other appropriate Federal and State agencies, shall 
     develop and deploy appropriate privacy and security training 
     for the Federal and State employees accessing the records 
     under the System.
       ``(ii) Privacy audits.--The Secretary, acting through the 
     Chief Privacy Officer of the Department, shall conduct 
     regular privacy audits of the policies and procedures 
     established under clause (i), including any collection, use, 
     dissemination, and maintenance of personally identifiable 
     information and any associated information technology 
     systems, as well as scope of requests for this information. 
     The Chief Privacy Officer shall review the results of the 
     audits and recommend to the Secretary any changes necessary 
     to improve the privacy protections of the program.
       ``(iii) Accuracy audits.--

       ``(I) In general.--Not later than November 30 of each year, 
     the Inspector General of the Department of Homeland Security 
     shall submit a report to the Secretary, with a copy to the 
     President of the Senate and the Speaker of the House of 
     Representatives, that sets forth the error rate of the System 
     for the previous fiscal year and the assessments required to 
     be submitted by the Secretary under subparagraphs (A) and (B) 
     of paragraph (10). The report shall describe in detail the 
     methodology employed for purposes of the report, and shall 
     make recommendations for how error rates may be reduced.
       ``(II) Error rate defined.--In this clause, the term `error 
     rate' means the percentage determined by dividing--

       ``(aa) the number of employment authorized individuals who 
     received further action notices, contested such notices, and 
     were subsequently found to be employment authorized; by
       ``(bb) the number of System inquiries submitted for 
     employment authorized individuals.

       ``(III) Reduction of penalties for recordkeeping or 
     verification practices following persistent system 
     inaccuracies.--Notwithstanding subsection (e)(4)(C)(i), in 
     any calendar year following a report by the Inspector General 
     under subclause (I) that the System had an error rate higher 
     than 0.3 percent for the previous fiscal year, the civil 
     penalty assessable by the Secretary or an administrative law 
     judge under that subsection for each first-time violation by 
     an employer who has not previously been penalized under this 
     section may not exceed $1,000.

       ``(iv) Records security program.--Any person, including a 
     private third party vendor, who retains document verification 
     or System data pursuant to this section shall implement an 
     effective records security program that--

       ``(I) ensures that only authorized personnel have access to 
     document verification or System data; and
       ``(II) ensures that whenever such data is created, 
     completed, updated, modified, altered, or corrected in 
     electronic format, a secure and permanent record is created 
     that establishes the date of access, the identity of the 
     individual who accessed the electronic record, and the 
     particular action taken.

       ``(v) Records security program.--In addition to the 
     security measures described in clause (iv), a private third 
     party vendor who retains document verification or System data 
     pursuant to this section shall implement an effective records 
     security program that--

       ``(I) provides for backup and recovery of any records 
     maintained in electronic format to protect against 
     information loss, such as power interruptions; and
       ``(II) ensures that employees are trained to minimize the 
     risk of unauthorized or accidental alteration or erasure of 
     such data in electronic format.

       ``(vi) Authorized personnel defined.--In this subparagraph, 
     the term `authorized personnel' means anyone registered as a 
     System user, or anyone with partial or full responsibility 
     for completion of employment authorization verification or 
     retention of data in connection with employment authorization 
     verification on behalf of an employer.
       ``(D) Available facilities and alternative 
     accommodations.--The Secretary shall make appropriate 
     arrangements and develop standards to allow employers or 
     employees, including remote hires, who are otherwise unable 
     to access the System to use electronic and telephonic formats 
     (including video conferencing, scanning technology, and other 
     available technologies), Federal Government facilities, 
     public facilities, or other available locations in order to 
     utilize the System.
       ``(E) Responsibilities of the secretary.--
       ``(i) In general.--As part of the System, the Secretary 
     shall maintain a reliable, secure method, which, operating 
     through the System and within the time periods specified, 
     compares the name, alien identification or authorization 
     number, or other information as determined relevant by the 
     Secretary, provided in an inquiry against such information 
     maintained or accessed by the Secretary in order to confirm 
     (or not confirm) the validity of the information provided, 
     the correspondence of the name and number, whether the alien 
     has employment authorized status (or, to the extent that the 
     Secretary determines to be feasible and appropriate, whether 
     the records available to the Secretary verify the identity or 
     status of a national of the United States), and such other 
     information as the Secretary may prescribe.
       ``(ii) Photograph display.--As part of the System, the 
     Secretary shall establish a reliable, secure method, which, 
     operating through the System, displays the digital photograph 
     described in subparagraph (B)(viii)(I).
       ``(iii) Timing of notices.--The Secretary shall have 
     authority to prescribe when a confirmation, nonconfirmation, 
     or further action notice shall be issued.
       ``(iv) Use of information.--The Secretary shall perform 
     regular audits under the System, as described in subparagraph 
     (B)(vi) and shall utilize the information obtained from such 
     audits, as well as any information obtained from the 
     Commissioner pursuant to part E of title XI of the Social 
     Security Act (42 U.S.C. 1301 et seq.), for the purposes of 
     this section and to administer and enforce the immigration 
     laws.
       ``(v) Identity fraud protection.--To prevent identity 
     fraud, not later than 18 months after the date of the 
     enactment of the Border Security, Economic Opportunity, and 
     Immigration Modernization Act, the Secretary shall--

       ``(I) in consultation with the Commissioner, establish a 
     program to provide a reliable, secure method for an 
     individual to temporarily suspend or limit the use of the 
     individual's social security account number or other 
     identifying information for verification by the System; and
       ``(II) for each individual being verified through the 
     System--

       ``(aa) notify the individual that the individual has the 
     option to limit the use of the individual's social security 
     account number or other identifying information for 
     verification by the System; and
       ``(bb) provide instructions to the individuals for 
     exercising the option referred to in item (aa).
       ``(vi) Allowing parents to prevent theft of their child's 
     identity.--The Secretary, in consultation with the 
     Commissioner, shall establish a program that provides a 
     reliable, secure method by which parents or legal guardians 
     may suspend or limit the use of the social security account 
     number or other identifying information of a minor under 
     their care for the purposes of the System. The Secretary may 
     implement the program on a limited pilot program basis before 
     making it fully available to all individuals.
       ``(vii) Protection from multiple use.--The Secretary and 
     the Commissioner shall establish a procedure for identifying 
     and handling a situation in which a social security account 
     number has been identified to be subject to unusual multiple 
     use in the System or is otherwise suspected or determined to 
     have been compromised by identity fraud.
       ``(viii) Monitoring and compliance unit.--The Secretary 
     shall establish or designate a monitoring and compliance unit 
     to detect and reduce identity fraud and other misuse of the 
     System.
       ``(ix) Civil rights and civil liberties assessments.--

       ``(I) Requirement to conduct.--The Secretary shall conduct 
     regular civil rights and civil liberties assessments of the 
     System, including participation by employers, other private 
     entities, and Federal, State, and local government entities.
       ``(II) Requirement to respond.--Employers, other private 
     entities, and Federal, State, and local entities shall timely 
     respond to any request in connection with such an assessment.
       ``(III) Assessment and recommendations.--The Officer for 
     Civil Rights and Civil Liberties of the Department shall 
     review the results of each such assessment and recommend to 
     the Secretary any changes necessary to improve the civil 
     rights and civil liberties protections of the System.

       ``(F) Grants to states.--
       ``(i) In general.--The Secretary shall create and 
     administer a grant program to help provide funding for States 
     that grant--

       ``(I) the Secretary access to driver's license information 
     as needed to confirm that a driver's license presented under 
     subsection (c)(1)(D)(i) confirms the identity of the subject 
     of the System check, and that a driver's license matches the 
     State's records; and
       ``(II) such assistance as the Secretary may request in 
     order to resolve further action notices or nonconfirmations 
     relating to such information.

       ``(ii) Construction with the driver's privacy protection 
     act of 1994.--The provision of a photograph to the Secretary 
     as described in clause (i) may not be construed as a 
     violation of section 2721 of title 18, United States Code, 
     and is a permissible use under subsection (b)(1) of that 
     section.
       ``(iii) Authorization of appropriations.--There is 
     authorized to be appropriated to the Secretary $250,000,000 
     to carry out this subparagraph.
       ``(G) Responsibilities of the secretary of state.--As part 
     of the System, the Secretary of State shall provide to the 
     Secretary access to passport and visa information as needed 
     to confirm that a passport, passport card, or visa presented 
     under subsection (c)(1)(C) confirms the identity of the 
     subject of the System check, and that a passport, passport 
     card, or visa photograph

[[Page S5415]]

     matches the Secretary of State's records, and shall provide 
     such assistance as the Secretary may request in order to 
     resolve further action notices or nonconfirmations relating 
     to such information.
       ``(H) Updating information.--The Commissioner, the 
     Secretary, and the Secretary of State shall update their 
     information in a manner that promotes maximum accuracy and 
     shall provide a process for the prompt correction of 
     erroneous information.
       ``(9) Limitation on use of the system.--Notwithstanding any 
     other provision of law, nothing in this subsection may be 
     construed to permit or allow any department, bureau, or other 
     agency of the United States Government or any other entity to 
     utilize any information, database, or other records assembled 
     under this subsection for any purpose other than for 
     employment verification or to ensure secure, appropriate and 
     nondiscriminatory use of the System.
       ``(10) Annual report and certification.--Not later than 18 
     months after the promulgation of regulations to implement 
     this subsection, and annually thereafter, the Secretary shall 
     submit to Congress a report that includes the following:
       ``(A) An assessment, as submitted to the Secretary by the 
     Inspector General of the Department of Homeland Security 
     pursuant to paragraph (8)(C)(iii)(I), of the accuracy rates 
     of further action notices and other System notices provided 
     by employers to individuals who are authorized to be employed 
     in the United States.
       ``(B) An assessment, as submitted to the Secretary by the 
     Inspector General of the Department of Homeland Security 
     pursuant to paragraph (8)(C)(iii)(I), of the accuracy rates 
     of further action notices and other System notices provided 
     directly (by the System) in a timely fashion to individuals 
     who are not authorized to be employed in the United States.
       ``(C) An assessment of any challenges faced by small 
     employers in utilizing the System.
       ``(D) An assessment of the rate of employer noncompliance 
     (in addition to failure to provide required notices in a 
     timely fashion) in each of the following categories:
       ``(i) Taking adverse action based on a further action 
     notice.
       ``(ii) Use of the System for nonemployees or other 
     individuals before they are offered employment.
       ``(iii) Use of the System to reverify employment authorized 
     status of current employees except if authorized to do so.
       ``(iv) Use of the System selectively, except in cases in 
     which such use is authorized.
       ``(v) Use of the System to deny employment or post-
     employment benefits or otherwise interfere with labor rights.
       ``(vi) Requiring employees or applicants to use any self-
     verification feature or to provide self-verification results.
       ``(vii) Discouraging individuals who receive a further 
     action notice from challenging the further action notice or 
     appealing a determination made by the System.
       ``(E) An assessment of the rate of employee noncompliance 
     in each of the following categories:
       ``(i) Obtaining employment when unauthorized with an 
     employer complying with the System in good faith.
       ``(ii) Failure to provide required documents in a timely 
     manner.
       ``(iii) Attempting to use fraudulent documents or documents 
     not related to the individual.
       ``(iv) Misuse of the administrative appeal and judicial 
     review process.
       ``(F) An assessment of the amount of time taken for--
       ``(i) the System to provide the confirmation or further 
     action notice;
       ``(ii) individuals to contest further action notices;
       ``(iii) the System to provide a confirmation or 
     nonconfirmation of a contested further action notice;
       ``(iv) individuals to file an administrative appeal of a 
     nonconfirmation; and
       ``(v) resolving administrative appeals regarding 
     nonconfirmations.
       ``(11) Annual gao study and report.--
       ``(A) Requirement.--The Comptroller General shall, for each 
     year, undertake a study to evaluate the accuracy, efficiency, 
     integrity, and impact of the System.
       ``(B) Report.--Not later than 18 months after the 
     promulgation of regulations to implement this subsection, and 
     yearly thereafter, the Comptroller General shall submit to 
     Congress a report containing the findings of the study 
     carried out under this paragraph. Each such report shall 
     include, at a minimum, the following:
       ``(i) An assessment of System performance with respect to 
     the rate at which individuals who are eligible for employment 
     in the United States are correctly approved within the 
     required periods, including a separate assessment of such 
     rate for naturalized United States citizens, nationals of the 
     United States, and aliens.
       ``(ii) An assessment of the privacy and confidentiality of 
     the System and of the overall security of the System with 
     respect to cybertheft and theft or misuse of private data.
       ``(iii) An assessment of whether the System is being 
     implemented in a manner that is not discriminatory or used 
     for retaliation against employees.
       ``(iv) An assessment of the most common causes for the 
     erroneous issuance of nonconfirmations by the System and 
     recommendations to correct such causes.
       ``(v) The recommendations of the Comptroller General 
     regarding System improvements.
       ``(vi) An assessment of the frequency and magnitude of 
     changes made to the System and the impact on the ability for 
     employers to comply in good faith.
       ``(vii) An assessment of the direct and indirect costs 
     incurred by employers in complying with the System, including 
     costs associated with retaining potential employees through 
     the administrative appeals process and receiving a 
     nonconfirmation.
       ``(viii) An assessment of any backlogs or delays in the 
     System providing the confirmation or further action notice 
     and impacts to hiring by employers.
       ``(e) Compliance.--
       ``(1) Complaints and investigations.--The Secretary shall 
     establish procedures--
       ``(A) for individuals and entities to file complaints 
     respecting potential violations of subsections (a) or (f)(1);
       ``(B) for the investigation of those complaints which the 
     Secretary deems appropriate to investigate; and
       ``(C) for providing notification to the Special Counsel for 
     Immigration-Related Unfair Employment Practices of the 
     Department of Justice of potential violations of section 
     274B.
       ``(2) Authority in investigations.--In conducting 
     investigations and proceedings under this subsection--
       ``(A) immigration officers shall have reasonable access to 
     examine evidence of the employer being investigated;
       ``(B) immigration officers designated by the Secretary, and 
     administrative law judges and other persons authorized to 
     conduct proceedings under this section, may compel by 
     subpoena the attendance of relevant witnesses and the 
     production of relevant evidence at any designated place in an 
     investigation or case under this subsection. In case of 
     refusal to fully comply with a subpoena lawfully issued under 
     this paragraph, the Secretary may request that the Attorney 
     General apply in an appropriate district court of the United 
     States for an order requiring compliance with the subpoena, 
     and any failure to obey such order may be punished by the 
     court as contempt. Failure to cooperate with the subpoena 
     shall be subject to further penalties, including further 
     fines and the voiding of any mitigation of penalties or 
     termination of proceedings under paragraph (4)(E); and
       ``(C) the Secretary, in cooperation with the Commissioner 
     and Attorney General, and in consultation with other relevant 
     agencies, shall establish a Joint Employment Fraud Task Force 
     consisting of, at a minimum--
       ``(i) the System's compliance personnel;
       ``(ii) immigration law enforcement officers;
       ``(iii) personnel of the Office of Special Counsel for 
     Immigration-Related Unfair Employment Practices of the 
     Department of Justice;
       ``(iv) personnel of the Office for Civil Rights and Civil 
     Liberties of the Department; and
       ``(v) personnel of Office of Inspector General of the 
     Social Security Administration.
       ``(3) Compliance procedures.--
       ``(A) Pre-penalty notice.--If the Secretary has reasonable 
     cause to believe that there has been a civil violation of 
     this section in the previous 3 years, the Secretary shall 
     issue to the employer concerned a written notice of the 
     Department's intention to issue a claim for a monetary or 
     other penalty. Such pre-penalty notice shall--
       ``(i) describe the violation;
       ``(ii) specify the laws and regulations allegedly violated;
       ``(iii) disclose the material facts which establish the 
     alleged violation;
       ``(iv) describe the penalty sought to be imposed; and
       ``(v) inform such employer that such employer shall have a 
     reasonable opportunity to make representations as to why a 
     monetary or other penalty should not be imposed.
       ``(B) Employer's response.--Whenever any employer receives 
     written pre-penalty notice of a fine or other penalty in 
     accordance with subparagraph (A), the employer may, within 60 
     days from receipt of such notice, file with the Secretary its 
     written response to the notice. The response may include any 
     relevant evidence or proffer of evidence that the employer 
     wishes to present with respect to whether the employer 
     violated this section and whether, if so, the penalty should 
     be mitigated, and shall be filed and considered in accordance 
     with procedures to be established by the Secretary.
       ``(C) Right to a hearing.--Before issuance of an order 
     imposing a penalty on any employer, person, or entity, the 
     employer, person, or entity shall be entitled to a hearing 
     before an administrative law judge, if requested within 60 
     days of the notice of penalty. The hearing shall be held at 
     the nearest location practicable to the place where the 
     employer, person, or entity resides or of the place where the 
     alleged violation occurred.
       ``(D) Issuance of orders.--If no hearing is so requested, 
     the Secretary's imposition of the order shall constitute a 
     final and unappealable order. If a hearing is requested and 
     the administrative law judge determines, upon clear and 
     convincing evidence received, that there was a violation, the 
     administrative law judge shall issue the final determination 
     with a written penalty claim. The penalty claim shall specify 
     all charges in the information provided under clauses (i) 
     through (iii) of subparagraph (A) and any mitigation of the 
     penalty that the administrative law judge deems appropriate 
     under paragraph (4)(E).

[[Page S5416]]

       ``(4) Civil penalties.--
       ``(A) Hiring or continuing to employ unauthorized aliens.--
     Any employer that violates any provision of subsection 
     (a)(1)(A) or (a)(2) shall--
       ``(i) pay a civil penalty of not less than $3,500 and not 
     more than $7,500 for each unauthorized alien with respect to 
     which each violation of either subsection (a)(1)(A) or (a)(2) 
     occurred;
       ``(ii) if the employer has previously been fined as a 
     result of a previous enforcement action or previous violation 
     under this paragraph, pay a civil penalty of not less than 
     $5,000 and not more than $15,000 for each unauthorized alien 
     with respect to which a violation of either subsection 
     (a)(1)(A) or (a)(2) occurred; and
       ``(iii) if the employer has previously been fined more than 
     once under this paragraph, pay a civil penalty of not less 
     than $10,000 and not more than $25,000 for each unauthorized 
     alien with respect to which a violation of either subsection 
     (a)(1)(A) or (a)(2) occurred.
       ``(B) Enhanced penalties.--After the Secretary certifies to 
     Congress that the System has been established, implemented, 
     and made mandatory for use by all employers in the United 
     States, the Secretary may establish an enhanced civil penalty 
     for an employer who--
       ``(i) fails to query the System to verify the identify and 
     work authorized status of an individual; and
       ``(ii) violates a Federal, State, or local law related to--

       ``(I) the payment of wages;
       ``(II) hours worked by employees; or
       ``(III) workplace health and safety.

       ``(C) Recordkeeping or verification practices.--Any 
     employer that violates or fails to comply with any 
     requirement under subsection (a)(1)(B), other than a minor or 
     inadvertent failure, as determined by the Secretary, shall 
     pay a civil penalty of--
       ``(i) not less than $500 and not more than $2,000 for each 
     violation;
       ``(ii) if an employer has previously been fined under this 
     paragraph, not less than $1,000 and not more than $4,000 for 
     each violation; and
       ``(iii) if an employer has previously been fined more than 
     once under this paragraph, not less than $2,000 and not more 
     than $8,000 for each violation.
       ``(D) Other penalties.--The Secretary may impose additional 
     penalties for violations, including cease and desist orders, 
     specially designed compliance plans to prevent further 
     violations, suspended fines to take effect in the event of a 
     further violation, and in appropriate cases, the remedy 
     provided by paragraph (f)(2).
       ``(E) Mitigation.--The Secretary or, if an employer 
     requests a hearing, the administrative law judge, is 
     authorized, upon such terms and conditions as the Secretary 
     or administrative law judge deems reasonable and just and in 
     accordance with such procedures as the Secretary may 
     establish or any procedures established governing the 
     administrative law judge's assessment of penalties, to reduce 
     or mitigate penalties imposed upon employers, based upon 
     factors including, the employer's hiring volume, compliance 
     history, good-faith implementation of a compliance program, 
     the size and level of sophistication of the employer, and 
     voluntary disclosure of violations of this subsection to the 
     Secretary. The Secretary or administrative law judge shall 
     not mitigate a penalty below the minimum penalty provided by 
     this section, except that the Secretary may, in the case of 
     an employer subject to penalty for recordkeeping or 
     verification violations only who has not previously been 
     penalized under this section, in the Secretary's or 
     administrative law judge's discretion, mitigate the penalty 
     below the statutory minimum or remit it entirely. In any case 
     where a civil money penalty has been imposed on an employer 
     under section 274B for an action or omission that is also a 
     violation of this section, the Secretary or administrative 
     law judge shall mitigate any civil money penalty under this 
     section by the amount of the penalty imposed under section 
     274B.
       ``(F) Effective date.--The civil money penalty amounts and 
     the enhanced penalties provided by subparagraphs (A), (B), 
     and (C) of this paragraph and by subsection (f)(2) shall 
     apply to violations of this section committed on or after the 
     date that is 1 year after the date of the enactment of the 
     Border Security, Economic Opportunity, and Immigration 
     Modernization Act. For violations committed prior to such 
     date of enactment, the civil money penalty amounts provided 
     by regulations implementing this section as in effect the 
     minute before such date of enactment with respect to knowing 
     hiring or continuing employment, verification, or indemnity 
     bond violations, as appropriate, shall apply.
       ``(5) Order of internal review and certification of 
     compliance.--
       ``(A) Employer compliance.--If the Secretary has reasonable 
     cause to believe that an employer has failed to comply with 
     this section, the Secretary is authorized, at any time, to 
     require that the employer certify that it is in compliance 
     with this section, or has instituted a program to come into 
     compliance.
       ``(B) Employer certification.--
       ``(i) Requirement.--Except as provided in subparagraph (C), 
     not later than 60 days after receiving a notice from the 
     Secretary requiring a certification under subparagraph (A), 
     an official with responsibility for, and authority to bind 
     the company on, all hiring and immigration compliance notices 
     shall certify under penalty of perjury that the employer is 
     in conformance with the requirements of paragraphs (1) 
     through (4) of subsection (c), pertaining to document 
     verification requirements, and with subsection (d), 
     pertaining to the System (once the System is implemented with 
     respect to that employer according to the requirements under 
     subsection (d)(2)), and with any additional requirements that 
     the Secretary may promulgate by regulation pursuant to 
     subsection (c) or (d) or that the employer has instituted a 
     program to come into compliance with these requirements.
       ``(ii) Application.--Clause (i) shall not apply until the 
     date that the Secretary certifies to Congress that the System 
     has been established, implemented, and made mandatory for use 
     by all employers in the United States.
       ``(C) Extension of deadline.--At the request of the 
     employer, the Secretary may extend the 60-day deadline for 
     good cause.
       ``(D) Standards or methods.--The Secretary is authorized to 
     publish in the Federal Register standards or methods for such 
     certification, require specific recordkeeping practices with 
     respect to such certifications, and audit the records thereof 
     at any time. This authority shall not be construed to 
     diminish or qualify any other penalty provided by this 
     section.
       ``(6) Requirements for review of a final determination.--
     With respect to judicial review of a final determination or 
     penalty order issued under paragraph (3)(D), the following 
     requirements apply:
       ``(A) Deadline.--The petition for review must be filed no 
     later than 30 days after the date of the final determination 
     or penalty order issued under paragraph (3)(D).
       ``(B) Venue and forms.--The petition for review shall be 
     filed with the court of appeals for the judicial circuit 
     where the employer's principal place of business was located 
     when the final determination or penalty order was made. The 
     record and briefs do not have to be printed. The court shall 
     review the proceeding on a typewritten or electronically 
     filed record and briefs.
       ``(C) Service.--The respondent is the Secretary. In 
     addition to serving the respondent, the petitioner shall 
     serve the Attorney General.
       ``(D) Petitioner's brief.--The petitioner shall serve and 
     file a brief in connection with a petition for judicial 
     review not later than 40 days after the date on which the 
     administrative record is available, and may serve and file a 
     reply brief not later than 14 days after service of the brief 
     of the respondent, and the court may not extend these 
     deadlines, except for good cause shown. If a petitioner fails 
     to file a brief within the time provided in this paragraph, 
     the court shall dismiss the appeal unless a manifest 
     injustice would result.
       ``(E) Scope and standard for review.--The court of appeals 
     shall conduct a de novo review of the administrative record 
     on which the final determination was based and any additional 
     evidence that the Court finds was previously unavailable at 
     the time of the administrative hearing.
       ``(F) Exhaustion of administrative remedies.--A court may 
     review a final determination under paragraph (3)(C) only if--
       ``(i) the petitioner has exhausted all administrative 
     remedies available to the petitioner as of right, including 
     any administrative remedies established by regulation, and
       ``(ii) another court has not decided the validity of the 
     order, unless the reviewing court finds that the petition 
     presents grounds that could not have been presented in the 
     prior judicial proceeding or that the remedy provided by the 
     prior proceeding was inadequate or ineffective to test the 
     validity of the order.
       ``(G) Enforcement of orders.--If the final determination 
     issued against the employer under this subsection is not 
     subjected to review as provided in this paragraph, the 
     Attorney General, upon request by the Secretary, may bring a 
     civil action to enforce compliance with the final 
     determination in any appropriate district court of the United 
     States. The court, on a proper showing, shall issue a 
     temporary restraining order or a preliminary or permanent 
     injunction requiring that the employer comply with the final 
     determination issued against that employer under this 
     subsection. In any such civil action, the validity and 
     appropriateness of the final determination shall not be 
     subject to review.
       ``(7) Creation of lien.--If any employer liable for a fee 
     or penalty under this section neglects or refuses to pay such 
     liability after demand and fails to file a petition for 
     review (if applicable) as provided in paragraph (6), the 
     amount of the fee or penalty shall be a lien in favor of the 
     United States on all property and rights to property, whether 
     real or personal, belonging to such employer. If a petition 
     for review is filed as provided in paragraph (6), the lien 
     shall arise upon the entry of a final judgment by the court. 
     The lien continues for 20 years or until the liability is 
     satisfied, remitted, set aside, or terminated.
       ``(8) Filing notice of lien.--
       ``(A) Place for filing.--The notice of a lien referred to 
     in paragraph (7) shall be filed as described in 1 of the 
     following:
       ``(i) Under state laws.--

       ``(I) Real property.--In the case of real property, in 1 
     office within the State (or the county, or other governmental 
     subdivision), as designated by the laws of such State, in

[[Page S5417]]

     which the property subject to the lien is situated.
       ``(II) Personal property.--In the case of personal 
     property, whether tangible or intangible, in 1 office within 
     the State (or the county, or other governmental subdivision), 
     as designated by the laws of such State, in which the 
     property subject to the lien is situated, except that State 
     law merely conforming to or reenacting Federal law 
     establishing a national filing system does not constitute a 
     second office for filing as designated by the laws of such 
     State.

       ``(ii) With clerk of district court.--In the office of the 
     clerk of the United States district court for the judicial 
     district in which the property subject to the lien is 
     situated, whenever the State has not by law designated 1 
     office which meets the requirements of clause (i).
       ``(iii) With recorder of deeds of the district of 
     columbia.--In the office of the Recorder of Deeds of the 
     District of Columbia, if the property subject to the lien is 
     situated in the District of Columbia.
       ``(B) Situs of property subject to lien.--For purposes of 
     subparagraph (A), property shall be deemed to be situated as 
     follows:
       ``(i) Real property.--In the case of real property, at its 
     physical location.
       ``(ii) Personal property.--In the case of personal 
     property, whether tangible or intangible, at the residence of 
     the taxpayer at the time the notice of lien is filed.
       ``(C) Determination of residence.--For purposes of 
     subparagraph (B)(ii), the residence of a corporation or 
     partnership shall be deemed to be the place at which the 
     principal executive office of the business is located, and 
     the residence of a taxpayer whose residence is outside the 
     United States shall be deemed to be in the District of 
     Columbia.
       ``(D) Effect of filing notice of lien.--
       ``(i) In general.--Upon filing of a notice of lien in the 
     manner described in this paragraph, the lien shall be valid 
     against any purchaser, holder of a security interest, 
     mechanic's lien, or judgment lien creditor, except with 
     respect to properties or transactions specified in subsection 
     (b), (c), or (d) of section 6323 of the Internal Revenue Code 
     of 1986 for which a notice of tax lien properly filed on the 
     same date would not be valid.
       ``(ii) Notice of lien.--The notice of lien shall be 
     considered a notice of lien for taxes payable to the United 
     States for the purpose of any State or local law providing 
     for the filing of a notice of a tax lien. A notice of lien 
     that is registered, recorded, docketed, or indexed in 
     accordance with the rules and requirements relating to 
     judgments of the courts of the State where the notice of lien 
     is registered, recorded, docketed, or indexed shall be 
     considered for all purposes as the filing prescribed by this 
     section.
       ``(iii) Other provisions.--The provisions of section 
     3201(e) of title 28, United States Code, shall apply to liens 
     filed as prescribed by this paragraph.
       ``(E) Enforcement of a lien.--A lien obtained through this 
     paragraph shall be considered a debt as defined by section 
     3002 of title 28, United States Code and enforceable pursuant 
     to chapter 176 of such title.
       ``(9) Attorney general adjudication.--The Attorney General 
     shall have jurisdiction to adjudicate administrative 
     proceedings under this subsection. Such proceedings shall be 
     conducted in accordance with requirements of section 554 of 
     title 5, United States Code.
       ``(f) Criminal and Civil Penalties and Injunctions.--
       ``(1) Prohibition of indemnity bonds.--It is unlawful for 
     an employer, in the hiring of any individual, to require the 
     individual to post a bond or security, to pay or agree to pay 
     an amount, or otherwise to provide a financial guarantee or 
     indemnity, against any potential liability arising under this 
     section relating to such hiring of the individual.
       ``(2) Civil penalty.--Any employer who is determined, after 
     notice and opportunity for mitigation of the monetary penalty 
     under subsection (e), to have violated paragraph (1) shall be 
     subject to a civil penalty of $10,000 for each violation and 
     to an administrative order requiring the return of any 
     amounts received in violation of such paragraph to the 
     employee or, if the employee cannot be located, to the 
     general fund of the Treasury.
       ``(g) Government Contracts.--
       ``(1) Contractors and recipients.--Whenever an employer who 
     is a Federal contractor (meaning an employer who holds a 
     Federal contract, grant, or cooperative agreement, or 
     reasonably may be expected to submit an offer for or be 
     awarded a government contract) is determined by the Secretary 
     to have violated this section on more than 3 occasions or is 
     convicted of a crime under this section, the employer shall 
     be considered for debarment from the receipt of Federal 
     contracts, grants, or cooperative agreements in accordance 
     with the procedures and standards and for the periods 
     prescribed by the Federal Acquisition Regulation. However, 
     any administrative determination of liability for civil 
     penalty by the Secretary or the Attorney General shall not be 
     reviewable in any debarment proceeding.
       ``(2) Inadvertent violations.--Inadvertent violations of 
     recordkeeping or verification requirements, in the absence of 
     any other violations of this section, shall not be a basis 
     for determining that an employer is a repeat violator for 
     purposes of this subsection.
       ``(3) Other remedies available.--Nothing in this subsection 
     shall be construed to modify or limit any remedy available to 
     any agency or official of the Federal Government for 
     violation of any contractual requirement to participate in 
     the System, as provided in the final rule relating to 
     employment eligibility verification published in the Federal 
     Register on November 14, 2008 (73 Fed. Reg. 67,651), or any 
     similar subsequent regulation.
       ``(h) Preemption.--The provisions of this section preempt 
     any State or local law, ordinance, policy, or rule, including 
     any criminal or civil fine or penalty structure, relating to 
     the hiring, continued employment, or status verification for 
     employment eligibility purposes, of unauthorized aliens. A 
     State, locality, municipality, or political subdivision may 
     exercise its authority over business licensing and similar 
     laws as a penalty for failure to use the System.
       ``(i) Deposit of Amounts Received.--Except as otherwise 
     specified, civil penalties collected under this section shall 
     be deposited by the Secretary into the Comprehensive 
     Immigration Reform Trust Fund established under section 
     6(a)(1) of the Border Security, Economic Opportunity, and 
     Immigration Modernization Act.
       ``(j) Challenges to Validity of the System.--
       ``(1) In general.--Any right, benefit, or claim not 
     otherwise waived or limited pursuant to this section is 
     available in an action instituted in the United States 
     District Court for the District of Columbia, but shall be 
     limited to determinations of--
       ``(A) whether this section, or any regulation issued to 
     implement this section, violates the Constitution of the 
     United States; or
       ``(B) whether such a regulation issued by or under the 
     authority of the Secretary to implement this section, is 
     contrary to applicable provisions of this section or was 
     issued in violation of chapter 5 of title 5, United States 
     Code.
       ``(2) Deadlines for bringing actions.--Any action 
     instituted under this subsection must be filed no later than 
     180 days after the date the challenged section or regulation 
     described in subparagraph (A) or (B) of paragraph (1) becomes 
     effective. No court shall have jurisdiction to review any 
     challenge described in subparagraph (B) after the time period 
     specified in this subsection expires.
       ``(k) Criminal Penalties and Injunctions for Pattern or 
     Practice Violations.--
       ``(1) Pattern and practice.--Any employer who engages in a 
     pattern or practice of knowing violations of subsection 
     (a)(1)(A) or (a)(2) shall be fined under title 18, United 
     States Code, no more than $10,000 for each unauthorized alien 
     with respect to whom such violation occurs, imprisoned for 
     not more than 2 years for the entire pattern or practice, or 
     both.
       ``(2) Term of imprisonment.--The maximum term of 
     imprisonment of a person convicted of any criminal offense 
     under the United States Code shall be increased by 5 years if 
     the offense is committed as part of a pattern or practice of 
     violations of subsection (a)(1)(A) or (a)(2).
       ``(3) Enjoining of pattern or practice violations.--
     Whenever the Secretary or the Attorney General has reasonable 
     cause to believe that an employer is engaged in a pattern or 
     practice of employment in violation of subsection (a)(1)(A) 
     or (a)(2), the Attorney General may bring a civil action in 
     the appropriate district court of the United States 
     requesting such relief, including a permanent or temporary 
     injunction, restraining order, or other order against the 
     employer, as the Secretary or Attorney General deems 
     necessary.
       ``(l) Criminal Penalties for Unlawful and Abusive 
     Employment.--
       ``(1) In general.--Any person who, during any 12-month 
     period, knowingly employs or hires, employs, recruits, or 
     refers for a fee for employment 10 or more individuals within 
     the United States who are under the control and supervision 
     of such person--
       ``(A) knowing that the individuals are unauthorized aliens; 
     and
       ``(B) under conditions that violate section 5(a) of the 
     Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1970 (29 U.S.C. 654(a) 
     (relating to occupational safety and health), section 6 or 7 
     of the Fair Labor Standards Act of 1938 (29 U.S.C. 206 and 
     207) (relating to minimum wages and maximum hours of 
     employment), section 3142 of title 40, United States Code, 
     (relating to required wages on construction contracts), or 
     sections 6703 or 6704 of title 41, United States Code, 
     (relating to required wages on service contracts),
     shall be fined under title 18, United States Code, or 
     imprisoned for not more than 10 years, or both.
       ``(2) Attempt and conspiracy.--Any person who attempts or 
     conspires to commit any offense under this section shall be 
     punished in the same manner as a person who completes the 
     offense.''.
       (b) Report on Use of the System in the Agricultural 
     Industry.--Not later than 18 months after the date of the 
     enactment of this Act, the Secretary, in consultation with 
     the Secretary of Agriculture, shall submit a report to 
     Congress that assesses implementation of the Employment 
     Verification System established under section 274A(d) of the 
     Immigration and Nationality Act, as amended by subsection 
     (a), in the agricultural industry, including the use of such 
     System technology in agriculture industry hiring processes, 
     user, contractor, and third-party employer agent employment 
     practices, timing and logistics regarding employment 
     verification and reverification processes to meet agriculture 
     industry practices, and identification of potential 
     challenges and modifications to meet the unique needs of

[[Page S5418]]

     the agriculture industry. Such report shall review--
       (1) the modality of access, training and outreach, customer 
     support, processes for further action notices and secondary 
     verifications for short-term workers, monitoring, and 
     compliance procedures for such System;
       (2) the interaction of such System with the process to 
     admit nonimmigrant workers pursuant to section 218 or 218A of 
     the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1188 et seq.) 
     and with enforcement of the immigration laws; and
       (3) the collaborative use of processes of other Federal and 
     State agencies that intersect with the agriculture industry.
       (c) Report on Impact of the System on Employers.--Not later 
     than 18 months after the date of the enactment of this Act, 
     the Secretary shall submit to Congress a report that 
     assesses--
       (1) the implementation of the Employment Verification 
     System established under section 274A(d) of the Immigration 
     and Nationality Act, as amended by subsection (a), by 
     employers;
       (2) any adverse impact on the revenues, business processes, 
     or profitability of employers required to use such System; 
     and
       (3) the economic impact of such System on small businesses.
       (d) Government Accountability Office Study of the Effects 
     of Document Requirements on Employment Authorized Persons and 
     Employers.--
       (1) Study.--The Comptroller General of the United States 
     shall carry out a study of--
       (A) the effects of the documentary requirements of section 
     274A of the Immigration and Nationality Act, as amended by 
     subsection (a), on employers, naturalized United States 
     citizens, nationals of the United States, and individuals 
     with employment authorized status; and
       (B) the challenges such employers, citizens, nationals, or 
     individuals may face in obtaining the documentation required 
     under that section.
       (2) Report.--Not later than 4 years after the date of the 
     enactment of this Act, the Comptroller General shall submit 
     to Congress a report containing the findings of the study 
     carried out under paragraph (1). Such report shall include, 
     at a minimum, the following:
       (A) An assessment of available information regarding the 
     number of working age nationals of the United States and 
     individuals who have employment authorized status who lack 
     documents required for employment by such section 274A.
       (B) A description of the additional steps required for 
     individuals who have employment authorized status and do not 
     possess the documents required by such section 274A to obtain 
     such documents.
       (C) A general assessment of the average financial costs for 
     individuals who have employment authorized status who do not 
     possess the documents required by such section 274A to obtain 
     such documents.
       (D) A general assessment of the average financial costs and 
     challenges for employers who have been required to 
     participate in the Employment Verification System established 
     by subsection (d) of such section 274A.
       (E) A description of the barriers to individuals who have 
     employment authorized status in obtaining the documents 
     required by such section 274A, including barriers imposed by 
     the executive branch of the Government.
       (F) Any particular challenges facing individuals who have 
     employment authorized status who are members of a federally 
     recognized Indian tribe in complying with the provisions of 
     such section 274A.
       (e) Repeal of Pilot Programs and E-Verify and Transition 
     Procedures.--
       (1) Repeal.--Sections 401, 402, 403, 404, and 405 of the 
     Illegal Immigration Reform and Immigrant Responsibility Act 
     of 1996 (division C of Public Law 104-208; 8 U.S.C. 1324a 
     note) are repealed.
       (2) Transition procedures.--
       (A) Continuation of e-verify program.--Notwithstanding the 
     repeals made by paragraph (1), the Secretary shall continue 
     to operate the E-Verify Program as described in section 403 
     of the Illegal Immigration Reform and Immigrant 
     Responsibility Act of 1996 (division C of Public Law 104-208; 
     8 U.S.C. 1324a note), as in effect the minute before the date 
     of the enactment of this Act, until the transition to the 
     System described in section 274A(d) of the Immigration and 
     Nationality Act, as amended by subsection (a), is determined 
     by the Secretary to be complete.
       (B) Transition to the system.--Any employer who was 
     participating in the E-Verify Program described in section 
     403 of the Illegal Immigration Reform and Immigrant 
     Responsibility Act of 1996 (division C of Public Law 104-208; 
     8 U.S.C. 1324a note), as in effect the minute before the date 
     of the enactment of this Act, shall participate in the System 
     described in section 274A(d) of the Immigration and 
     Nationality Act, as amended by subsection (a), to the same 
     extent and in the same manner that the employer participated 
     in such E-Verify Program.
       (3) Construction.--The repeal made by paragraph (1) may not 
     be construed to limit the authority of the Secretary to allow 
     or continue to allow the participation in such System of 
     employers who have participated in such E-Verify Program, as 
     in effect on the minute before the date of the enactment of 
     this Act.
       (f) Conforming Amendment.--Section 274(a) (8 U.S.C. 
     1324(a)) is amended--
       (1) by striking paragraph (3); and
       (2) by redesignating paragraph (4) as paragraph (3).

     SEC. 3102. INCREASING SECURITY AND INTEGRITY OF SOCIAL 
                   SECURITY CARDS.

       (a) Fraud-resistant, Tamper-resistant, Wear-resistant, and 
     Identity Theft-resistant Social Security Cards.--
       (1) Issuance.--
       (A) Preliminary work.--Not later than 180 days after the 
     date of the enactment of this Act, the Commissioner of Social 
     Security shall begin work to administer and issue fraud-
     resistant, tamper-resistant, wear-resistant, and identity 
     theft-resistant social security cards.
       (B) Completion.--Not later than 5 years after the date of 
     the enactment of this Act, the Commissioner of Social 
     Security shall issue only social security cards determined to 
     be fraud-resistant, tamper-resistant, wear-resistant, and 
     identity theft-resistant.
       (2) Amendment.--
       (A) In general.--Section 205(c)(2)(G) of the Social 
     Security Act (42 U.S.C. 405(c)(2)(G)) is amended by striking 
     the second sentence and inserting the following: ``The social 
     security card shall be fraud-resistant, tamper-resistant, 
     wear-resistant, and identity theft-resistant.''.
       (B) Effective date.--The amendment made by subparagraph (A) 
     shall take effect on the date that is 5 years after the date 
     of the enactment of this Act.
       (3) Authorization of appropriation.--There are authorized 
     to be appropriated, from the Comprehensive Immigration Reform 
     Trust Fund established under section 6(a)(1), such sums as 
     may be necessary to carry out this section and the amendments 
     made by this section.
       (4) Emergency designation for congressional enforcement.--
     In the Senate, amounts made available under this subsection 
     are designated as an emergency requirement pursuant to 
     section 403(a) of S. Con. Res. 13 (111th Congress), the 
     concurrent resolution on the budget for fiscal year 2010.
       (5) Emergency designation for statutory paygo.--Amounts 
     made available under this subsection are designated as an 
     emergency requirement under section 4(g) of the Statutory 
     Pay-As-You-Go Act of 2010 (Public Law 111-139; 2 U.S.C. 
     933(g)).
       (b) Multiple Cards.--Section 205(c)(2)(G) of the Social 
     Security Act (42 U.S.C. 405(c)(2)(G)), as amended by 
     subsection (a)(2), is amended--
       (1) by inserting ``(i)'' after ``(G)''; and
       (2) by adding at the end the following:
       ``(ii) The Commissioner of Social Security shall restrict 
     the issuance of multiple replacement social security cards to 
     any individual to 3 per year and 10 for the life of the 
     individual, except that the Commissioner may allow for 
     reasonable exceptions from the limits under this clause on a 
     case-by-case basis in compelling circumstances.''.
       (c) Criminal Penalties.--
       (1) Social security fraud.--
       (A) In general.--Chapter 47 of title 18, United States 
     Code, is amended by inserting at the end the following:

     ``Sec. 1041. Social security fraud

       ``Any person who--
       ``(1) knowingly possesses or uses a social security account 
     number or social security card knowing that the number or 
     card was obtained from the Commissioner of Social Security by 
     means of fraud or false statement;
       ``(2) knowingly and falsely represents a number to be the 
     social security account number assigned by the Commissioner 
     of Social Security to him or her or to another person, when 
     such number is known not to be the social security account 
     number assigned by the Commissioner of Social Security to him 
     or her or to such other person;
       ``(3) knowingly, and without lawful authority, buys, sells, 
     or possesses with intent to buy or sell a social security 
     account number or a social security card that is or purports 
     to be a number or card issued by the Commissioner of Social 
     Security;
       ``(4) knowingly alters, counterfeits, forges, or falsely 
     makes a social security account number or a social security 
     card;
       ``(5) knowingly uses, distributes, or transfers a social 
     security account number or a social security card knowing the 
     number or card to be intentionally altered, counterfeited, 
     forged, falsely made, or stolen; or
       ``(6) without lawful authority, knowingly produces or 
     acquires for any person a social security account number, a 
     social security card, or a number or card that purports to be 
     a social security account number or social security card,
     shall be fined under this title, imprisoned not more than 5 
     years, or both.''.
       (B) Table of sections amendment.--The table of sections for 
     chapter 47 of title 18, United States Code, is amended by 
     adding after the item relating to section 1040 the following:

``Sec. 1041. Social security fraud.''.

       (2) Information disclosure.--
       (A) In general.--Notwithstanding any other provision of law 
     and subject to subparagraph (B), the Commissioner of Social 
     Security shall disclose for the purpose of investigating a 
     violation of section 1041 of title 18, United States Code, or 
     section 274A, 274B, or 274C of the Immigration and 
     Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1324a, 1324b, and 1324c), after 
     receiving a written request from an officer in a supervisory 
     position or higher official of any Federal law enforcement 
     agency, the following records of the Social Security 
     Administration:

[[Page S5419]]

       (i) Records concerning the identity, address, location, or 
     financial institution accounts of the holder of a social 
     security account number or social security card.
       (ii) Records concerning the application for and issuance of 
     a social security account number or social security card.
       (iii) Records concerning the existence or nonexistence of a 
     social security account number or social security card.
       (B) Limitation.--The Commissioner of Social Security shall 
     not disclose any tax return or tax return information 
     pursuant to subparagraph (A) except as authorized by section 
     6103 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986.

     SEC. 3103. INCREASING SECURITY AND INTEGRITY OF IMMIGRATION 
                   DOCUMENTS.

       Not later than 1 year after the date of the enactment of 
     this Act, the Secretary shall submit a report to Congress on 
     the feasibility, advantages, and disadvantages of including, 
     in addition to a photograph, other biometric information on 
     each employment authorization document issued by the 
     Department.

     SEC. 3104. RESPONSIBILITIES OF THE SOCIAL SECURITY 
                   ADMINISTRATION.

       Title XI of the Social Security Act (42 U.S.C. 1301 et 
     seq.) is amended by adding at the end the following new part:

                   ``Part E--Employment Verification


       ``responsibilities of the commissioner of social security

       ``Sec. 1186.  (a) Confirmation of Employment Verification 
     Data.--As part of the employment verification system 
     established by the Secretary of Homeland Security under the 
     provisions of section 274A of the Immigration and Nationality 
     Act (8 U.S.C. 1324a) (in this section referred to as the 
     `System'), the Commissioner of Social Security shall, subject 
     to the provisions of section 274A(d) of the Immigration and 
     Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1324a(d)), establish a reliable, 
     secure method that, operating through the System and within 
     the time periods specified in section 274A(d) of such Act--
       ``(1) compares the name, date of birth, social security 
     account number, and available citizenship information 
     provided in an inquiry against such information maintained by 
     the Commissioner in order to confirm (or not confirm) the 
     validity of the information provided regarding an individual 
     whose identity and employment eligibility must be confirmed;
       ``(2) determines the correspondence of the name, date of 
     birth, and number;
       ``(3) determines whether the name and number belong to an 
     individual who is deceased according to the records 
     maintained by the Commissioner;
       ``(4) determines whether an individual is a national of the 
     United States, as defined in section 101(a)(22) of the 
     Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1101(a)(22)); and
       ``(5) determines whether the individual has presented a 
     social security account number that is not valid for 
     employment.
       ``(b) Prohibition.--The System shall not disclose or 
     release social security information to employers through the 
     confirmation system (other than such confirmation or 
     nonconfirmation, information provided by the employer to the 
     System, or the reason for the issuance of a further action 
     notice).''.

     SEC. 3105. IMPROVED PROHIBITION ON DISCRIMINATION BASED ON 
                   NATIONAL ORIGIN OR CITIZENSHIP STATUS.

       (a) In General.--Section 274B(a) (8 U.S.C. 1324b(a)) is 
     amended to read as follows:
       ``(a) Prohibition on Discrimination Based on National 
     Origin or Citizenship Status.--
       ``(1) Prohibition on discrimination generally.--It is an 
     unfair immigration-related employment practice for a person, 
     other entity, or employment agency, to discriminate against 
     any individual (other than an unauthorized alien defined in 
     section 274A(b)) because of such individual's national origin 
     or citizenship status, with respect to the following:
       ``(A) The hiring of the individual for employment.
       ``(B) The verification of the individual's eligibility to 
     work in the United States.
       ``(C) The discharging of the individual from employment.
       ``(2) Exceptions.--Paragraph (1) shall not apply to the 
     following:
       ``(A) A person, other entity, or employer that employs 3 or 
     fewer employees, except for an employment agency.
       ``(B) A person's or entity's discrimination because of an 
     individual's national origin if the discrimination with 
     respect to that employer, person, or entity and that 
     individual is covered under section 703 of the Civil Rights 
     Act of 1964 (42 U.S.C. 2000e-2), unless the discrimination is 
     related to an individual's verification of employment 
     authorization.
       ``(C) Discrimination because of citizenship status which--
       ``(i) is otherwise required in order to comply with a 
     provision of Federal, State, or local law related to law 
     enforcement;
       ``(ii) is required by Federal Government contract; or
       ``(iii) the Secretary or Attorney General determines to be 
     essential for an employer to do business with an agency or 
     department of the Federal Government or a State, local, or 
     tribal government.
       ``(3) Additional exception providing right to prefer 
     equally qualified citizens.--Notwithstanding any other 
     provision of this section, it is not an unfair immigration-
     related employment practice for an employer (as defined in 
     section 274A(b)) to prefer to hire, recruit, or refer for a 
     fee an individual who is a citizen or national of the United 
     States over another individual who is an alien if the 2 
     individuals are equally qualified.
       ``(4) Unfair immigration-related employment practices 
     relating to the system.--It is also an unfair immigration-
     related employment practice for a person, other entity, or 
     employment agency--
       ``(A) to discharge or constructively discharge an 
     individual solely due to a further action notice issued by 
     the Employment Verification System created by section 274A 
     until the administrative appeal described in section 
     274A(d)(6) is completed;
       ``(B) to use the System with regard to any person for any 
     purpose except as authorized by section 274A(d);
       ``(C) to use the System to reverify the employment 
     authorization of a current employee, including an employee 
     continuing in employment, other than reverification upon 
     expiration of employment authorization, or as otherwise 
     authorized under section 274A(d) or by regulation;
       ``(D) to use the System selectively for employees, except 
     where authorized by law;
       ``(E) to fail to provide to an individual any notice 
     required in section 274A(d) within the relevant time period;
       ``(F) to use the System to deny workers' employment or 
     post-employment benefits;
       ``(G) to misuse the System to discriminate based on 
     national origin or citizenship status;
       ``(H) to require an employee or prospective employee to use 
     any self-verification feature of the System or provide, as a 
     condition of application or employment, any self-verification 
     results;
       ``(I) to use an immigration status verification system, 
     service, or method other than those described in section 274A 
     for purposes of verifying employment eligibility; or
       ``(J) to grant access to document verification or System 
     data, to any individual or entity other than personnel 
     authorized to have such access, or to fail to take reasonable 
     safeguards to protect against unauthorized loss, use, 
     alteration, or destruction of System data.
       ``(5) Prohibition of intimidation or retaliation.--It is 
     also an unfair immigration-related employment practice for a 
     person, other entity, or employment agency to intimidate, 
     threaten, coerce, or retaliate against any individual--
       ``(A) for the purpose of interfering with any right or 
     privilege secured under this section; or
       ``(B) because the individual intends to file or has filed a 
     charge or a complaint, testified, assisted, or participated 
     in any manner in an investigation, proceeding, or hearing 
     under this section.
       ``(6) Treatment of certain documentary practices as 
     employment practices.--A person's, other entity's, or 
     employment agency's request, for purposes of verifying 
     employment eligibility, for more or different documents than 
     are required under section 274A, or for specific documents, 
     or refusing to honor documents tendered that reasonably 
     appear to be genuine shall be treated as an unfair 
     immigration-related employment practice.
       ``(7) Prohibition of withholding employment records.--It is 
     an unfair immigration-related employment practice for an 
     employer that is required under Federal, State, or local law 
     to maintain records documenting employment, including dates 
     or hours of work and wages received, to fail to provide such 
     records to any employee upon request.
       ``(8) Professional, commercial, and business licenses.--An 
     individual who is authorized to be employed in the United 
     States may not be denied a professional, commercial, or 
     business license on the basis of his or her immigration 
     status.
       ``(9) Employment agency defined.--In this section, the term 
     `employment agency' means any employer, person, or entity 
     regularly undertaking with or without compensation to procure 
     employees for an employer or to procure for employees 
     opportunities to work for an employer and includes an agent 
     of such employer, person, or entity.''.
       (b) Referral by EEOC.--Section 274B(b) (8 U.S.C. 1324b(b)) 
     is amended by adding at the end the following:
       ``(3) Referral by eeoc.--The Equal Employment Opportunity 
     Commission shall refer all matters alleging immigration-
     related unfair employment practices filed with the 
     Commission, including those alleging violations of paragraphs 
     (1), (4), (5), and (6) of subsection (a) to the Special 
     Counsel for Immigration-Related Unfair Employment Practices 
     of the Department of Justice.''.
       (c) Authorization of Appropriations.--Section 274B(l)(3) (8 
     U.S.C. 1324b(l)(3)) is amended by striking the period at the 
     end and inserting ``and an additional $40,000,000 for each of 
     fiscal years 2014 through 2016.''.
       (d) Fines.--
       (1) In general.--Section 274B(g)(2)(B) (8 U.S.C. 
     1324b(g)(2)(B)) is amended by striking clause (iv) and 
     inserting the following:
       ``(iv) to pay any applicable civil penalties prescribed 
     below, the amounts of which may be adjusted periodically to 
     account for inflation as provided by law--

       ``(I) except as provided in subclauses (II) through (IV), 
     to pay a civil penalty of not less than $2,000 and not more 
     than $5,000 for each individual subjected to an unfair 
     immigration-related employment practice;

[[Page S5420]]

       ``(II) except as provided in subclauses (III) and (IV), in 
     the case of an employer, person, or entity previously subject 
     to a single order under this paragraph, to pay a civil 
     penalty of not less than $4,000 and not more than $10,000 for 
     each individual subjected to an unfair immigration-related 
     employment practice;
       ``(III) except as provided in subclause (IV), in the case 
     of an employer, person, or entity previously subject to more 
     than 1 order under this paragraph, to pay a civil penalty of 
     not less than $8,000 and not more than $25,000 for each 
     individual subjected to an unfair immigration-related 
     employment practice; and
       ``(IV) in the case of an unfair immigration-related 
     employment practice described in paragraphs (4) through (7) 
     of subsection (a), to pay a civil penalty of not less than 
     $500 and not more than $2,000 for each individual subjected 
     to an unfair immigration-related employment practice.''.

       (2) Effective date.--The amendment made by paragraph (1) 
     shall take effect on the date that is 1 year after the date 
     of the enactment of this Act and apply to violations 
     occurring on or after such date of enactment.

     SEC. 3106. RULEMAKING.

       (a) Interim Final Regulations.--
       (1) In general.--Not later than 1 year after the date of 
     the enactment of this Act--
       (A) the Secretary, shall issue regulations implementing 
     sections 3101 and 3104 and the amendments made by such 
     sections (except for section 274A(d)(7) of the Immigration 
     and Nationality Act); and
       (B) the Attorney General shall issue regulations 
     implementing section 274A(d)(7) of the Immigration and 
     Nationality Act, as added by section 3101, section 3105, and 
     the amendments made by such sections.
       (2) Effective date.--Regulations issued pursuant to 
     paragraph (1) shall be effective immediately on an interim 
     basis, but are subject to change and revision after public 
     notice and opportunity for a period for public comment.
       (b) Final Regulations.--Within a reasonable time after 
     publication of the interim regulations under subsection (a), 
     the Secretary, in consultation with the Commissioner of 
     Social Security and the Attorney General, shall publish final 
     regulations implementing this subtitle.

     SEC. 3107. OFFICE OF THE SMALL BUSINESS AND EMPLOYEE 
                   ADVOCATE.

       (a) Establishment of Small Business and Employee 
     Advocate.--The Secretary shall establish and maintain within 
     U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services the Office of the 
     Small Business and Employee Advocate (in this section 
     referred to as the ``Office''). The purpose of the Office 
     shall be to assist small businesses and individuals in 
     complying with the requirements of section 274A of the 
     Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1324a), as amended 
     by this Act, including the resolution of conflicts arising in 
     the course of attempted compliance with such requirements.
       (b) Functions.--The functions of the Office shall include, 
     but not be limited to, the following:
       (1) Informing small businesses and individuals about the 
     verification practices required by section 274A of the 
     Immigration and Nationality Act, including, but not limited 
     to, the document verification requirements and the employment 
     verification system requirements under subsections (c) and 
     (d) of that section.
       (2) Assisting small businesses and individuals in 
     addressing allegedly erroneous further action notices and 
     nonconfirmations issued under subsection (d) of section 274A 
     of the Immigration and Nationality Act.
       (3) Informing small businesses and individuals of the 
     financial liabilities and criminal penalties that apply to 
     violations and failures to comply with the requirements of 
     section 274A of the Immigration and Nationality Act, 
     including, but not limited to, by issuing best practices for 
     compliance with that section.
       (4) To the extent practicable, proposing changes to the 
     Secretary in the administrative practices of the employment 
     verification system required under subsection (d) of section 
     274A of the Immigration and Nationality Act to mitigate the 
     problems identified under paragraph (2).
       (5) Making recommendations through the Secretary to 
     Congress for legislative action to mitigate such problems.
       (c) Authority To Issue Assistance Order.--
       (1) In general.--Upon application filed by a small business 
     or individual with the Office (in such form, manner, and at 
     such time as the Secretary shall by regulations prescribe), 
     the Office may issue an assistance order if--
       (A) the Office determines the small business or individual 
     is suffering or about to suffer a significant hardship as a 
     result of the manner in which the employment verification 
     laws under subsections (c) and (d) of section 274A of the 
     Immigration and Nationality Act are being administered by the 
     Secretary; or
       (B) the small business or individual meets such other 
     requirements as are set forth in regulations prescribed by 
     the Secretary.
       (2) Determination of hardship.--For purposes of paragraph 
     (1), a significant hardship shall include--
       (A) an immediate threat of adverse action;
       (B) a delay of more than 60 days in resolving employment 
     verification system problems;
       (C) the incurring by the small business or individual of 
     significant costs if relief is not granted; or
       (D) irreparable injury to, or a long-term adverse impact 
     on, the small business or individual if relief is not 
     granted.
       (3) Standards when administrative guidance not followed.--
     In cases where a U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services 
     employee is not following applicable published administrative 
     guidance, the Office shall construe the factors taken into 
     account in determining whether to issue an assistance order 
     under this subsection in the manner most favorable to the 
     small business or individual.
       (4) Terms of assistance order.--The terms of an assistance 
     order under this subsection may require the Secretary within 
     a specified time period--
       (A) to determine whether any employee is or is not 
     authorized to work in the United States; or
       (B) to abate any penalty under section 274A of the 
     Immigration and Nationality Act that the Office determines is 
     arbitrary, capricious, or disproportionate to the underlying 
     offense.
       (5) Authority to modify or rescind.--Any assistance order 
     issued by the Office under this subsection may be modified or 
     rescinded--
       (A) only by the Office, the Director or Deputy Director of 
     U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services, or the Secretary 
     or the Secretary's designee; and
       (B) if rescinded by the Director or Deputy Director of U.S. 
     Citizenship and Immigration Services, only if a written 
     explanation of the reasons of such official for the 
     modification or rescission is provided to the Office.
       (6) Suspension of running of period of limitation.--The 
     running of any period of limitation with respect to an action 
     described in paragraph (4)(A) shall be suspended for--
       (A) the period beginning on the date of the small business 
     or individual's application under paragraph (1) and ending on 
     the date of the Office's decision with respect to such 
     application; and
       (B) any period specified by the Office in an assistance 
     order issued under this subsection pursuant to such 
     application.
       (7) Independent action of office.--Nothing in this 
     subsection shall prevent the Office from taking any action in 
     the absence of an application under paragraph (1).
       (d) Accessibility to the Public.--
       (1) In person, online, and telephone assistance.--The 
     Office shall provide information and assistance specified in 
     subsection (b) in person at locations designated by the 
     Secretary, online through an Internet website of the 
     Department available to the public, and by telephone.
       (2) Availability to all employers.--In making information 
     and assistance available, the Office shall prioritize the 
     needs of small businesses and individuals. However, the 
     information and assistance available through the Office shall 
     be available to any employer.
       (e) Avoiding Duplication Through Coordination.--In the 
     discharge of the functions of the Office, the Secretary shall 
     consult with the Secretary of Labor, the Secretary of 
     Agriculture, the Commissioner, the Attorney General, the 
     Equal Employment Opportunity Commission, and the 
     Administrator of the Small Business Administration in order 
     to avoid duplication of efforts across the Federal 
     Government.
       (f) Definitions.--In this section:
       (1) The term ``employer'' has the meaning given that term 
     in section 274A(b) of the Immigration and Nationality Act.
       (2) The term ``small business'' means an employer with 49 
     or fewer employees.
       (g) Funding.--There shall be appropriated, from the 
     Comprehensive Immigration Reform Trust Fund established by 
     section 6(a)(1) of this Act, such sums as may be necessary to 
     carry out the functions of the Office.

              Subtitle B--Protecting United States Workers

     SEC. 3201. PROTECTIONS FOR VICTIMS OF SERIOUS VIOLATIONS OF 
                   LABOR AND EMPLOYMENT LAW OR CRIME.

       (a) In General.--Section 101(a)(15)(U) (8 U.S.C. 
     1101(a)(15)(U)) is amended--
       (1) in clause (i)--
       (A) by amending subclause (I) to read as follows:
       ``(I) the alien--

       ``(aa) has suffered substantial physical or mental abuse or 
     substantial harm as a result of having been a victim of 
     criminal activity described in clause (iii) or of a covered 
     violation described in clause (iv); or
       ``(bb) is a victim of criminal activity described in clause 
     (iii) or of a covered violation described in clause (iv) and 
     would suffer extreme hardship upon removal;'';

       (B) in subclause (II), by inserting ``, or a covered 
     violation resulting in a claim described in clause (iv) that 
     is not the subject of a frivolous lawsuit by the alien'' 
     before the semicolon at the end; and
       (C) by amending subclauses (III) and (IV) to read as 
     follows:
       ``(III) the alien (or in the case of an alien child who is 
     younger than 16 years of age, the parent, legal guardian, or 
     next friend of the alien) has been helpful, is being helpful, 
     or is likely to be helpful to--

       ``(aa) a Federal, State, or local law enforcement official, 
     a Federal, State, or local prosecutor, a Federal, State, or 
     local judge, the Department of Homeland Security, the

[[Page S5421]]

     Equal Employment Opportunity Commission, the Department of 
     Labor, or other Federal, State, or local authorities 
     investigating or prosecuting criminal activity described in 
     clause (iii); or
       ``(bb) any Federal, State, or local governmental agency or 
     judge investigating, prosecuting, or seeking civil remedies 
     for any cause of action, whether criminal, civil, or 
     administrative, arising from a covered violation described in 
     clause (iv) and presents a certification from such Federal, 
     State, or local governmental agency or judge attesting that 
     the alien has been helpful, is being helpful, or is likely to 
     be helpful to such agency in the investigation, prosecution, 
     or adjudication arising from a covered violation described in 
     clause (iv); and

       ``(IV) the criminal activity described in clause (iii) or 
     the covered violation described in clause (iv)--

       ``(aa) violated the laws of the United States; or
       ``(bb) occurred in the United States (including Indian 
     country and military installations) or the territories and 
     possessions of the United States;'';

       (2) in clause (ii)(II), by striking ``and'' at the end;
       (3) by moving clause (iii) 2 ems to the left;
       (4) in clause (iii), by inserting ``child abuse; elder 
     abuse;'' after ``stalking;'';
       (5) by adding at the end the following:
       ``(iv) a covered violation referred to in this clause is--
       ``(I) a serious violation involving 1 or more of the 
     following or any similar activity in violation of any 
     Federal, State, or local law: serious workplace abuse, 
     exploitation, retaliation, or violation of whistleblower 
     protections;
       ``(II) a violation giving rise to a civil cause of action 
     under section 1595 of title 18, United States Code; or
       ``(III) a violation resulting in the deprivation of due 
     process or constitutional rights.''.
       (b) Savings Provision.--Nothing in section 
     101(a)(15)(U)(iv)(I) of the Immigration and Nationality Act, 
     as added by subsection (a), may be construed as altering the 
     definition of retaliation or discrimination under any other 
     provision of law.
       (c) Temporary Stay of Removal.--Section 274A (8 U.S.C. 
     1324a), as amended by section 3101, is further amended--
       (1) in subsection (e) by adding at the end the following:
       ``(10) Conduct in enforcement actions.--If the Secretary 
     undertakes an enforcement action at a facility about which a 
     bona fide workplace claim has been filed or is 
     contemporaneously filed, or as a result of information 
     provided to the Secretary in retaliation against employees 
     for exercising their rights related to a bona fide workplace 
     claim, the Secretary shall ensure that--
       ``(A) any aliens arrested or detained who are necessary for 
     the investigation or prosecution of a bona fide workplace 
     claim or criminal activity (as described in subparagraph (T) 
     or (U) of section 101(a)(15)) are not removed from the United 
     States until after the Secretary--
       ``(i) notifies the appropriate law enforcement agency with 
     jurisdiction over such violations or criminal activity; and
       ``(ii) provides such agency with the opportunity to 
     interview such aliens;
       ``(B) no aliens entitled to a stay of removal or abeyance 
     of removal proceedings under this section are removed; and
       ``(C) the Secretary shall stay the removal of an alien 
     who--
       ``(i) has filed a claim regarding a covered violation 
     described in clause (iv) of section 101(a)(15)(U) and is the 
     victim of the same violations under an existing 
     investigation;
       ``(ii) is a material witness in any pending or anticipated 
     proceeding involving a bona fide workplace claim or civil 
     rights claim; or
       ``(iii) has filed for relief under such section if the 
     alien is working with law enforcement as described in clause 
     (i)(III) of such section.''; and
       (2) by adding at the end the following:
       ``(m) Victims of Criminal Activity or Labor and Employment 
     Violations.--The Secretary of Homeland Security may permit an 
     alien to remain temporarily in the United States and 
     authorize the alien to engage in employment in the United 
     States if the Secretary determines that the alien--
       ``(1) has filed for relief under section 101(a)(15)(U); or
       ``(2)(A) has filed, or is a material witness to, a bona 
     fide claim or proceedings resulting from a covered violation 
     (as defined in section 101(a)(15)(U)(iv)); and
       ``(B) has been helpful, is being helpful, or is likely to 
     be helpful, in the investigation, prosecution of, or pursuit 
     of civil remedies related to the claim arising from a covered 
     violation, to--
       ``(i) a Federal, State, or local law enforcement official;
       ``(ii) a Federal, State, or local prosecutor;
       ``(iii) a Federal, State, or local judge;
       ``(iv) the Department of Homeland Security;
       ``(v) the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission; or
       ``(vi) the Department of Labor.''.
       (d) Conforming Amendments.--Section 214(p) (8 U.S.C. 
     1184(p)) is amended--
       (1) in paragraph (1), by striking ``in section 
     101(a)(15)(U)(iii).'' both places it appears and inserting 
     ``in clause (iii) of section 101(a)(15)(U) or investigating, 
     prosecuting, or seeking civil remedies for claims resulting 
     from a covered violation described in clause (iv) of such 
     section.''; and
       (2) in the first sentence of paragraph (6)--
       (A) by striking ``in section 101(a)(15)(U)(iii)'' and 
     inserting ``in clause (iii) of section 101(a)(15)(U) or 
     claims resulting from a covered violation described in clause 
     (iv) of such section''; and
       (B) by inserting ``or claim arising from a covered 
     violation'' after ``prosecution of such criminal activity''.
       (e) Modification of Limitation on Authority To Adjust 
     Status for Victims of Crimes.--Section 245(m)(1) (8 U.S.C. 
     1255(m)(1)) is amended, in the matter before subparagraph 
     (A), by inserting ``or an investigation or prosecution 
     regarding a workplace or civil rights claim'' after 
     ``prosecution''.
       (f) Expansion of Limitation on Sources of Information That 
     May Be Used To Make Adverse Determinations.--
       (1) In general.--Section 384(a)(1) of the Illegal 
     Immigration Reform and Immigrant Responsibility Act of 1996 
     (8 U.S.C. 1367(a)(1)) is amended--
       (A) in each of subparagraphs (A) through (D), by striking 
     the comma at the end and inserting a semicolon;
       (B) subparagraph (E), by striking ``the criminal 
     activity,'' and inserting ``abuse and the criminal activity 
     or bona fide workplace claim (as defined in subsection 
     (e));'';
       (C) in subparagraph (F), by striking ``, the trafficker or 
     perpetrator,'' and inserting ``), the trafficker or 
     perpetrator; or''; and
       (D) by inserting after subparagraph (F) the following:
       ``(G) the alien's employer; or''.
       (2) Workplace claim defined.--Section 384 of such Act (8 
     U.S.C. 1367) is amended by adding at the end the following:
       ``(e) Workplace Claims.--
       ``(1) Workplace claims defined.--
       ``(A) In general.--In subsection (a)(1), the term 
     `workplace claim' means any claim, petition, charge, 
     complaint, or grievance filed with, or submitted to, a 
     Federal, State, or local agency or court, relating to the 
     violation of applicable Federal, State, or local labor or 
     employment laws.
       ``(B) Construction.--Subparagraph (A) may not be construed 
     to alter what constitutes retaliation or discrimination under 
     any other provision of law.
       ``(2) Penalty for false claims.--Any person who knowingly 
     presents a false or fraudulent claim to a law enforcement 
     official in relation to a covered violation described in 
     section 101(a)(15)(U)(iv) of the Immigration and Nationality 
     Act for the purpose of obtaining a benefit under this section 
     shall be subject to a civil penalty of not more than $1,000.
       ``(3) Limitation on stay of adverse determinations.--In the 
     case of an alien applying for status under section 
     101(a)(15)(U) of the Immigration and Nationality Act and 
     seeking relief under that section, the prohibition on adverse 
     determinations under subsection (a) shall expire on the date 
     that the alien's application for status under such section is 
     denied and all opportunities for appeal of the denial have 
     been exhausted.''.
       (g) Removal Proceedings.--Section 239(e) (8 U.S.C. 1229(e)) 
     is amended--
       (1) in paragraph (1)--
       (A) by striking ``In cases where'' and inserting ``If''; 
     and
       (B) by striking ``paragraph (2),'' and inserting 
     ``paragraph (2) or as a result of information provided to the 
     Secretary of Homeland Security in retaliation against 
     individuals for exercising or attempting to exercise their 
     employment rights or other legal rights,''; and
       (2) in paragraph (2), by adding at the end the following:
       ``(C) At a facility about which a bona fide workplace claim 
     has been filed or is contemporaneously filed.''.

     SEC. 3202. EMPLOYMENT VERIFICATION SYSTEM EDUCATION FUNDING.

       (a) Disposition of Civil Penalties.--Penalties collected 
     under subsections (e)(4) and (f)(3) of section 274A of the 
     Immigration and Nationality Act, amended by section 3101, 
     shall be deposited, as offsetting receipts, into the 
     Comprehensive Immigration Reform Trust Fund established under 
     section 6(a)(1).
       (b) Expenditures.--Amounts deposited into the Trust Fund 
     under subsection (a) shall be made available to the Secretary 
     and the Attorney General to provide education to employers 
     and employees regarding the requirements, obligations, and 
     rights under the Employment Verification System.
       (c) Determination of Budgetary Effects.--
       (1) Emergency designation for congressional enforcement.--
     In the Senate, amounts made available under this section are 
     designated as an emergency requirement pursuant to section 
     403(a) of S. Con. Res. 13 (111th Congress), the concurrent 
     resolution on the budget for fiscal year 2010.
       (2) Emergency designation for statutory paygo.--Amounts 
     made available under this section are designated as an 
     emergency requirement under section 4(g) of the Statutory 
     Pay-As-You-Go Act of 2010 (Public Law 111-139; 2 U.S.C. 
     933(g)).

     SEC. 3203. DIRECTIVE TO THE UNITED STATES SENTENCING 
                   COMMISSION.

       (a) In General.--Pursuant to its authority under section 
     994 of title 28, United States Code, and in accordance with 
     subsection (b), the United States Sentencing Commission shall 
     promulgate sentencing guidelines or amend existing sentencing 
     guidelines to modify, if appropriate, the penalties imposed 
     on persons convicted of offenses under--

[[Page S5422]]

       (1) section 274A of the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 
     U.S.C. 1324a), as amended by section 3101;
       (2) section 16 of the Fair Labor Standards Act of 1938 (29 
     U.S.C. 216); and
       (3) any other Federal law covering similar conduct.
       (b) Requirements.--In carrying out subsection (a), the 
     Sentencing Commission shall provide sentencing enhancements 
     for any person convicted of an offense described in 
     subsection (a) if such offense involves--
       (1) the intentional confiscation of identification 
     documents;
       (2) corruption, bribery, extortion, or robbery;
       (3) sexual abuse;
       (4) serious bodily injury;
       (5) an intent to defraud; or
       (6) a pattern of conduct involving multiple violations of 
     law that--
       (A) creates, through knowing and intentional conduct, a 
     risk to the health or safety of any victim; or
       (B) denies payments due to victims for work completed.

                      Subtitle C--Other Provisions

     SEC. 3301. FUNDING.

       (a) Establishment of the Interior Enforcement Account.--
     There is hereby established in the Treasury of the United 
     States an account which shall be known as the Interior 
     Enforcement Account.
       (b) Appropriations.--There are authorized to be 
     appropriated to the Interior Enforcement Account 
     $1,000,000,000 to carry out this title and the amendments 
     made by this title, including the following appropriations:
       (1) In each of the 5 years beginning on the date of the 
     enactment of this Act, the appropriations necessary to 
     increase to a level not less than 5,000, by the end of such 
     5-year period, the total number of personnel of the 
     Department assigned exclusively or principally to an office 
     or offices in U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services and 
     U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement (and consistent with 
     the missions of such agencies), dedicated to administering 
     the System, and monitoring and enforcing compliance with 
     sections 274A, 274B, and 274C of the Immigration and 
     Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1324a, 1324b, and 1324c), including 
     compliance with the requirements of the Electronic 
     Verification System established under section 274A(d) of the 
     Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1324a(d)), as 
     amended by section 3101. Such personnel shall perform 
     compliance and monitoring functions, including the following:
       (A) Verify compliance of employers participating in such 
     System with the requirements for participation that are 
     prescribed by the Secretary.
       (B) Monitor such System for multiple uses of social 
     security account numbers and immigration identification 
     numbers that could indicate identity theft or fraud.
       (C) Monitor such System to identify discriminatory or 
     unfair practices.
       (D) Monitor such System to identify employers who are not 
     using such System properly, including employers who fail to 
     make available appropriate records with respect to their 
     queries and any notices of confirmation, nonconfirmation, or 
     further action.
       (E) Identify instances in which an employee alleges that an 
     employer violated the employee's privacy or civil rights, or 
     misused such System, and create procedures for an employee to 
     report such an allegation.
       (F) Analyze and audit the use of such System and the data 
     obtained through such System to identify fraud trends, 
     including fraud trends across industries, geographical areas, 
     or employer size.
       (G) Analyze and audit the use of such System and the data 
     obtained through such System to develop compliance tools as 
     necessary to respond to changing patterns of fraud.
       (H) Provide employers with additional training and other 
     information on the proper use of such System, including 
     training related to privacy and employee rights.
       (I) Perform threshold evaluation of cases for referral to 
     the Special Counsel for Immigration-Related Unfair Employment 
     Practices of the Department of Justice or the Equal 
     Employment Opportunity Commission, and other officials or 
     agencies with responsibility for enforcing anti-
     discrimination, civil rights, privacy, or worker protection 
     laws, as may be appropriate.
       (J) Any other compliance and monitoring activities that the 
     Secretary determines are necessary to ensure the functioning 
     of such System.
       (K) Investigate identity theft and fraud detected through 
     such System and undertake the necessary enforcement or 
     referral actions.
       (L) Investigate use of or access to fraudulent documents 
     and undertake the necessary enforcement actions.
       (M) Perform any other investigations that the Secretary 
     determines are necessary to ensure the lawful functioning of 
     such System, and undertake any enforcement actions necessary 
     as a result of such investigations.
       (2) The appropriations necessary to acquire, install, and 
     maintain technological equipment necessary to support the 
     functioning of such System and the connectivity between U.S. 
     Citizenship and Immigration Services and U.S. Immigration and 
     Customs Enforcement, the Department of Justice, and other 
     agencies or officials with respect to the sharing of 
     information to support such System and related immigration 
     enforcement actions.
       (3) The appropriations necessary to establish a robust 
     redress process for employees who wish to appeal contested 
     nonconfirmations to ensure the accuracy and fairness of such 
     System.
       (4) The appropriations necessary to provide a means by 
     which individuals may access their own employment 
     authorization data to ensure the accuracy of such data, 
     independent of an individual's employer.
       (5) The appropriations necessary to carry out the identity 
     authentication mechanisms described in section 274A(c)(1)(F) 
     of the Immigration and Nationality Act, as amended by section 
     3101(a).
       (6) The appropriations necessary for the Office for Civil 
     Rights and Civil Liberties and the Office of Privacy of the 
     Department to perform the responsibilities of such Offices 
     related to such System.
       (7) The appropriations necessary to make grants to States 
     to support the States in assisting the Federal Government in 
     carrying out the provisions of this title and the amendments 
     made by this title.
       (c) Establishment of Reimbursable Agreement Between the 
     Department of Homeland Security and the Social Security 
     Administration.--Effective for fiscal years beginning on or 
     after the date of enactment of this Act, the Secretary and 
     the Commissioner of Social Security shall enter into and 
     maintain an agreement that--
       (1) provides funds to the Commissioner for the full costs 
     of the responsibilities of the Commissioner under this 
     section, including--
       (A) acquiring, installing, and maintaining technological 
     equipment and systems necessary for the fulfillment of the 
     responsibilities of the Commissioner under this section; and
       (B) responding to individuals who contest a further action 
     notice provided by the employment verification system 
     established under section 274A of the Immigration and 
     Nationality Act, as amended by section 3101;
       (2) provides such funds quarterly in advance of the 
     applicable quarter based on estimating methodology agreed to 
     by the Commissioner and the Secretary; and
       (3) requires an annual accounting and reconciliation of the 
     actual costs incurred and the funds provided under the 
     agreement which shall be reviewed by the Office of the 
     Inspector General of the Social Security Administration and 
     the Department.
       (d) Authorization of Appropriations to the Attorney 
     General.--There are authorized to be appropriated to the 
     Attorney General such sums as may be necessary to carry out 
     the provisions of this title and the amendments made by this 
     title, including enforcing compliance with section 274B of 
     the Immigration and Nationality Act, as amended by section 
     3105.
       (e) Authorization of Appropriations to the Secretary of 
     State.--There are authorized to be appropriated to the 
     Secretary of State such sums as may be necessary to carry out 
     the provisions of this title and the amendments made by this 
     title.

     SEC. 3302. EFFECTIVE DATE.

       Except as otherwise specifically provided, this title and 
     the amendments made by this title shall take effect on the 
     date of the enactment of this Act.

     SEC. 3303. MANDATORY EXIT SYSTEM.

       (a) Establishment.--
       (1) In general.--Not later than December 31, 2015, the 
     Secretary shall establish a mandatory exit data system that 
     shall include a requirement for the collection of data from 
     machine-readable visas, passports, and other travel and entry 
     documents for all categories of aliens who are exiting from 
     air and sea ports of entry.
       (2) Biometric exit data system.--Not later than 2 years 
     after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary 
     shall establish a mandatory biometric exit data system at the 
     10 United States airports that support the highest volume of 
     international air travel, as determined by Department of 
     Transportation international flight departure data.
       (3) Implementation report.--Not later than 60 days after 
     the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall 
     submit to the Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental 
     Affairs of the Senate and the Committee on Homeland Security 
     of the House of Representatives a report the implementation 
     of the biometric exit data system referred to in paragraph 
     (2), the impact of such system on any additional wait times 
     for travelers, and projections for new officer personnel, 
     including U.S. Customs and Border Protection officers.
       (4) Effectiveness report.--Not later than 3 years after the 
     date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall submit 
     a report to Congress that analyzes the effectiveness of 
     biometric exit data collection at the 10 airports referred to 
     in paragraph (2).
       (5) Mandatory biometric exit data system.--Absent 
     intervening action by Congress, the Secretary, not later than 
     6 years after the date of the enactment of this Act, shall 
     establish a mandatory biometric exit data system at all the 
     Core 30 international airports in the United States, as so 
     designated by the Federal Aviation Administration.
       (6) Expansion of biometric exit data system to major sea 
     and land ports.--Not later than 6 years after the date of the 
     enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall submit a plan to 
     Congress for the expansion of the biometric exit system to 
     major sea and land entry and exit points within the United 
     States based upon--
       (A) the performance of the program established pursuant to 
     paragraph (2);

[[Page S5423]]

       (B) the findings of the study conducted pursuant to 
     paragraph (4); and
       (C) the projected costs to develop and deploy an effective 
     biometric exit data system.
       (7) Data collection.--There are authorized to be 
     appropriated, from the Comprehensive Immigration Reform Trust 
     Fund established under section 6(a)(1), such sums as may be 
     necessary to carry out this section
       (b) Integration and Interoperability.--
       (1) Integration of data system.--The Secretary shall fully 
     integrate all data from databases and data systems that 
     process or contain information on aliens, which are 
     maintained by--
       (A) the Department, at--
       (i) the U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement;
       (ii) the U.S. Customs and Border Protection; and
       (iii) the U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services;
       (B) the Department of Justice, at the Executive Office for 
     Immigration Review; and
       (C) the Department of State, at the Bureau of Consular 
     Affairs.
       (2) Interoperable component.--The fully integrated data 
     system under paragraph (1) shall be an interoperable 
     component of the exit data system.
       (3) Interoperable data system.--The Secretary shall fully 
     implement an interoperable electronic data system to provide 
     current and immediate access to information in the databases 
     of Federal law enforcement agencies and the intelligence 
     community that is relevant to determine--
       (A) whether to issue a visa; or
       (B) the admissibility or deportability of an alien.
       (4) Training.--The Secretary shall establish ongoing 
     training modules on immigration law to improve adjudications 
     at United States ports of entry, consulates, and embassies.
       (c) Information Sharing.--The Secretary shall report to the 
     appropriate Federal law enforcement agency, intelligence 
     agency, national security agency, or component of the 
     Department of Homeland Security any alien who was lawfully 
     admitted into the United States and whose individual data in 
     the integrated exit data system shows that he or she has not 
     departed the country when he or she was legally required to 
     do so, and shall ensure that--
       (1) if the alien has departed the United States when he or 
     she was legally required to do so, the information contained 
     in the integrated exit data system is updated to reflect the 
     alien's departure; or
       (2) if the alien has not departed the United States when he 
     or she was legally required to do so, reasonably available 
     enforcement resources are employed to locate the alien and to 
     commence removal proceedings against the alien.

     SEC. 3304. IDENTITY-THEFT RESISTANT MANIFEST INFORMATION FOR 
                   PASSENGERS, CREW, AND NON-CREW ONBOARD 
                   DEPARTING AIRCRAFT AND VESSELS.

       (a) Definitions.--Except as otherwise specifically 
     provided, in this section:
       (1) Identity-theft resistant collection location.--The term 
     ``identity-theft resistant collection location'' means a 
     location within an airport or seaport--
       (A) within the path of the departing alien, such that the 
     alien would not need to significantly deviate from that path 
     to comply with exit requirements at which air or vessel 
     carrier employees, as applicable, either presently or 
     routinely are available if an alien needs processing 
     assistance; and
       (B) which is equipped with technology that can securely 
     collect and transmit identity-theft resistant departure 
     information to the Department.
       (2) US-VISIT.--The term ``US-VISIT'' means the United 
     States-Visitor and Immigrant Status Indicator Technology 
     system.
       (b) Identity Theft Resistant Manifest Information.--
       (1) Passport or visa collection requirement.--Except as 
     provided in subsection (c), an appropriate official of each 
     commercial aircraft or vessel departing from the United 
     States to any port or place outside the United States shall 
     ensure transmission to U.S. Customs and Border Protection of 
     identity-theft resistant departure manifest information 
     covering alien passengers, crew, and non-crew. Such identity-
     theft resistant departure manifest information--
       (A) shall be transmitted to U.S. Customs and Border 
     Protection at the place and time specified in paragraph (3) 
     by means approved by the Secretary; and
       (B) shall set forth the information specified in paragraph 
     (4) or other information as required by the Secretary.
       (2) Manner of collection.--Carriers boarding alien 
     passengers, crew, and noncrew subject to the requirement to 
     provide information upon departure for US-VISIT processing 
     shall collect identity-theft resistant departure manifest 
     information from each alien at an identity-theft resistant 
     collection location at the airport or seaport before boarding 
     that alien on transportation for departure from the United 
     States, at a time as close to the originally scheduled 
     departure of that passenger's aircraft or sea vessel as 
     practicable.
       (3) Time and manner of submission.--
       (A) In general.--The appropriate official specified in 
     paragraph (1) shall ensure transmission of the identity-theft 
     resistant departure manifest information required and 
     collected under paragraphs (1) and (2) to the Data Center or 
     Headquarters of U.S. Customs and Border Protection, or such 
     other data center as may be designated.
       (B) Transmission.--The biometric departure information may 
     be transmitted to the Department over any means of 
     communication authorized by the Secretary for the 
     transmission of other electronic manifest information 
     containing personally identifiable information and under 
     transmission standards currently applicable to other 
     electronic manifest information.
       (C) Submission along with other information.--Files 
     containing the identity-theft resistant departure manifest 
     information--
       (i) may be sent with other electronic manifest data prior 
     to departure or may be sent separately from any topically 
     related electronic manifest data; and
       (ii) may be sent in batch mode.
       (4) Information required.--The identity-theft resistant 
     departure information required under paragraphs (1) through 
     (3) for each covered passenger or crew member shall contain 
     alien data from machine-readable visas, passports, and other 
     travel and entry documents issued to the alien.
       (c) Exception.--The identity-theft resistant departure 
     information specified in this section is not required for any 
     alien active duty military personnel traveling as passengers 
     on board a departing Department of Defense commercial 
     chartered aircraft.
       (d) Carrier Maintenance and Use of Identity-Theft Resistant 
     Departure Manifest Information.--Carrier use of identity-
     theft resistant departure manifest information for purposes 
     other than as described in standards set by the Secretary is 
     prohibited. Carriers shall immediately notify the Chief 
     Privacy Officer of the Department in writing in the event of 
     unauthorized use or access, or breach, of identity-theft 
     resistant departure manifest information.
       (e) Collection at Specified Location.--If the Secretary 
     determines that an air or vessel carrier has not adequately 
     complied with the provisions of this section, the Secretary 
     may, in the Secretary's discretion, require the air or vessel 
     carrier to collect identity-theft resistant departure 
     manifest information at a specific location prior to the 
     issuance of a boarding pass or other document on the 
     international departure, or the boarding of crew, in any port 
     through which the carrier boards aliens for international 
     departure under the supervision of the Secretary for such 
     period as the Secretary considers appropriate to ensure the 
     adequate collection and transmission of biometric departure 
     manifest information.
       (f) Funding.--There shall be appropriated to the Interior 
     Enforcement Account $500,000,000 to reimburse carriers for 
     their reasonable actual expenses in carrying out their duties 
     as described in this section.
       (g) Determination of Budgetary Effects.--
       (1) Emergency designation for congressional enforcement.--
     In the Senate, amounts made available under this section are 
     designated as an emergency requirement pursuant to section 
     403(a) of S. Con. Res. 13 (111th Congress), the concurrent 
     resolution on the budget for fiscal year 2010.
       (2) Emergency designation for statutory paygo.--Amounts 
     made available under this section are designated as an 
     emergency requirement under section 4(g) of the Statutory 
     Pay-As-You-Go Act of 2010 (Public Law 111-139; 2 U.S.C. 
     933(g)).

     SEC. 3305. PROFILING.

       (a) Prohibition.--In making routine or spontaneous law 
     enforcement decisions, such as ordinary traffic stops, 
     Federal law enforcement officers may not use race or 
     ethnicity to any degree, except that officers may rely on 
     race and ethnicity if a specific suspect description exists.
       (b) Exceptions.--
       (1) Specific investigation.--In conducting activities in 
     connection with a specific investigation, Federal law 
     enforcement officers may consider race and ethnicity only to 
     the extent that there is trustworthy information, relevant to 
     the locality or time frame, that links persons of a 
     particular race or ethnicity to an identified criminal 
     incident, scheme, or organization. This standard applies even 
     where the use of race or ethnicity might otherwise be lawful.
       (2) National security.--In investigating or preventing 
     threats to national security or other catastrophic events 
     (including the performance of duties related to air 
     transportation security), or in enforcing laws protecting the 
     integrity of the Nation's borders, Federal law enforcement 
     officers may not consider race or ethnicity except to the 
     extent permitted by the Constitution and laws of the United 
     States.
       (3) Defined term.--In this section, the term ``Federal law 
     enforcement officer'' means any officer, agent, or employee 
     of the United States authorized by law or by a Government 
     agency to engage in or supervise the prevention, detection, 
     investigation, or prosecution of any violation of Federal 
     law.
       (c) Study and Regulations.--
       (1) Data collection.--Not later than 180 days after the 
     date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall begin 
     collecting data regarding the individualized immigration 
     enforcement activities of covered Department officers.
       (2) Study.--Not later than 180 days after data collection 
     under paragraph (1) commences, the Secretary shall complete a 
     study analyzing the data.
       (3) Regulations.--Not later than 90 days after the date the 
     study required by paragraph (2) is completed, the Secretary, 
     in consultation with the Attorney General, shall

[[Page S5424]]

     issue regulations regarding the use of race, ethnicity, and 
     any other suspect classifications the Secretary deems 
     appropriate by covered Department officers.
       (4) Reports.--Not later than 30 days after completion of 
     the study required by paragraph (2), the Secretary shall 
     submit the study to--
       (A) the Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental 
     Affairs of the Senate;
       (B) the Committee on Homeland Security of the House of 
     Representatives;
       (C) the Committee on Appropriations of the Senate;
       (D) the Committee on Appropriations of the House of 
     Representatives;
       (E) the Committee on the Judiciary of the Senate; and
       (F) the Committee on the Judiciary of the House of 
     Representatives.
       (5) Defined term.--In this subsection, the term ``covered 
     Department officer'' means any officer, agent, or employee of 
     United States Customs and Border Protection, United States 
     Immigration and Customs Enforcement, or the Transportation 
     Security Administration.

     SEC. 3306. ENHANCED PENALTIES FOR CERTAIN DRUG OFFENSES ON 
                   FEDERAL LANDS.

       (a) Cultivating or Manufacturing Controlled Substances on 
     Federal Property.--Section 401(b)(5) of the Controlled 
     Substances Act (21 U.S.C. 841(b)(5)) is amended by striking 
     ``as provided in this subsection'' and inserting ``for not 
     more than 10 years, in addition to any other term of 
     imprisonment imposed under this subsection,''.
       (b) Use of Hazardous Substances.--Pursuant to its authority 
     under section 994 of title 28, United States Code, the United 
     States Sentencing Commission shall amend the Federal 
     Sentencing Guidelines and policy statements to ensure that 
     the guidelines provide an additional penalty increase of 2 
     offense levels above the sentence otherwise applicable for a 
     violation of section 401(a) of the Controlled Substances Act 
     (21 U.S.C. 841(a)) if the offense--
       (1) includes the use of a poison, chemical, or other 
     hazardous substance to cultivate or manufacture controlled 
     substances on Federal property;
       (2) creates a hazard to humans, wildlife, or domestic 
     animals;
       (3) degrades or harms the environment or natural resources; 
     or
       (4) pollutes an aquifer, spring, stream, river, or body of 
     water.
       (c) Stream Diversion or Clear Cutting on Federal 
     Property.--
       (1) Prohibition on stream diversion or clear cutting on 
     federal property.--Section 401(b) of the Controlled 
     Substances Act is amended by adding at the end the following:
       ``(8) Destruction of bodies of water.--Any person who 
     violates subsection (a) in a manner that diverts, redirects, 
     obstructs, or drains an aquifer, spring, stream, river, or 
     body of water or clear cuts timber while cultivating or 
     manufacturing a controlled substance on Federal property 
     shall be fined in accordance with title 18, United States 
     Code.''.
       (2) Federal sentencing guidelines enhancement.--Pursuant to 
     its authority under section 994 of title 28, United States 
     Code, the United States Sentencing Commission shall amend the 
     Federal Sentencing Guidelines and policy statements to ensure 
     that the guidelines provide an additional penalty increase of 
     2 offense levels for above the sentence otherwise applicable 
     for a violation of section 401(a) of the Controlled 
     Substances Act (21 U.S.C. 841(a)) if the offense involves the 
     diversion, redirection, obstruction, or draining of an 
     aquifer, spring, stream, river, or body of water or the clear 
     cut of timber while cultivating or manufacturing a controlled 
     substance on Federal property.
       (d) Booby Traps on Federal Land.--Section 401(d)(1) of the 
     Controlled Substances Act (21 U.S.C. 841(d)(1)) is amended by 
     inserting ``cultivated,'' after ``is being''.
       (e) Use or Possession of Firearms in Connection With Drug 
     Offenses on Federal Lands.--Pursuant to its authority under 
     section 994 of title 28, United States Code, the United 
     States Sentencing Commission shall amend the Federal 
     Sentencing Guidelines and policy statements to ensure that 
     the guidelines provide an additional penalty increase of 2 
     offense levels above the sentence otherwise applicable for a 
     violation of section 401(a) of the Controlled Substances Act 
     (21 U.S.C. 841(a)) if the offense involves the possession of 
     a firearm while cultivating or manufacturing controlled 
     substances on Federal lands.

               Subtitle D--Asylum and Refugee Provisions

     SEC. 3400. SHORT TITLE.

       This subtitle may be cited as the ``Frank R. Lautenberg 
     Asylum and Refugee Reform Act''.

     SEC. 3401. TIME LIMITS AND EFFICIENT ADJUDICATION OF GENUINE 
                   ASYLUM CLAIMS.

       Section 208(a)(2) (8 U.S.C. 1158(a)(2)) is amended--
       (1) in subparagraph (A), by inserting ``or the Secretary of 
     Homeland Security'' after ``Attorney General'' both places 
     such term appears;
       (2) by striking subparagraphs (B) and (D);
       (3) by redesignating subparagraph (C) as subparagraph (B);
       (4) in subparagraph (B), as redesignated, by striking 
     ``subparagraph (D)'' and inserting ``subparagraphs (C) and 
     (D)''; and
       (5) by inserting after subparagraph (B), as redesignated, 
     the following:
       ``(C) Changed circumstances.--Notwithstanding subparagraph 
     (B), an application for asylum of an alien may be considered 
     if the alien demonstrates, to the satisfaction of the 
     Attorney General or the Secretary of Homeland Security, the 
     existence of changed circumstances that materially affect the 
     applicant's eligibility for asylum.
       ``(D) Motion to reopen certain meritorious claims.--
     Notwithstanding subparagraph (B) or section 240(c)(7), an 
     alien may file a motion to reopen an asylum claim during the 
     2-year period beginning on the date of the enactment of the 
     Border Security, Economic Opportunity, and Immigration 
     Modernization Act if the alien--
       ``(i) was denied asylum based solely upon a failure to meet 
     the 1-year application filing deadline in effect on the date 
     on which the application was filed;
       ``(ii) was granted withholding of removal pursuant to 
     section 241(b)(3) and has not obtained lawful permanent 
     residence in the United States pursuant to any other 
     provision of law;
       ``(iii) is not subject to the safe third country exception 
     under subparagraph (A) or a bar to asylum under subsection 
     (b)(2) and should not be denied asylum as a matter of 
     discretion; and
       ``(iv) is physically present in the United States when the 
     motion is filed.''.

     SEC. 3402. REFUGEE FAMILY PROTECTIONS.

       (a) Children of Refugee or Asylee Spouses and Children.--A 
     child of an alien who qualifies for admission as a spouse or 
     child under section 207(c)(2)(A) or 208(b)(3) of the 
     Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1157(c)(2)(A) and 
     1158(b)(3)) shall be entitled to the same status as such 
     alien if the child--
       (1) is accompanying or following to join such alien; and
       (2) is otherwise eligible under section 207(c)(2)(A) or 
     208(b)(3) of the Immigration and Nationality Act.

     SEC. 3403. CLARIFICATION ON DESIGNATION OF CERTAIN REFUGEES.

       (a) Termination of Certain Preferential Treatment in 
     Immigration of Amerasians.--Section 584 of the Foreign 
     Operations, Export Financing, and Related Programs 
     Appropriations Act, 1988 (8 U.S.C. 1101 note) is amended by 
     adding at the end the following:
       ``(f) No visa may be issued under this section if the 
     petition or application for such visa is submitted on or 
     after the date of the enactment of the Border Security, 
     Economic Opportunity, and Immigration Modernization Act.''.
       (b)  Refugee Designation.--Section 207(c)(1) (8 U.S.C. 
     1157(c)(1)) is amended--
       (1) by inserting ``(A)'' before ``Subject to the numerical 
     limitations''; and
       (2) by adding at the end the following:
       ``(B)(i) The President, upon a recommendation of the 
     Secretary of State made in consultation with the Secretary of 
     Homeland Security, and after appropriate consultation, may 
     designate specifically defined groups of aliens--
       ``(I) whose resettlement in the United States is justified 
     by humanitarian concerns or is otherwise in the national 
     interest; and
       ``(II) who--
       ``(aa) share common characteristics that identify them as 
     targets of persecution on account of race, religion, 
     nationality, membership in a particular social group, or 
     political opinion; or
       ``(bb) having been identified as targets as described in 
     item (aa), share a common need for resettlement due to a 
     specific vulnerability.
       ``(ii) An alien who establishes membership in a group 
     designated under clause (i) to the satisfaction of the 
     Secretary of Homeland Security shall be considered a refugee 
     for purposes of admission as a refugee under this section 
     unless the Secretary determines that such alien ordered, 
     incited, assisted, or otherwise participated in the 
     persecution of any person on account of race, religion, 
     nationality, membership in a particular social group, or 
     political opinion.
       ``(iii) A designation under clause (i) is for purposes of 
     adjudicatory efficiency and may be revoked by the President 
     at any time after notification to Congress.
       ``(iv) Categories of aliens established under section 599D 
     of the Foreign Operations, Export Financing, and Related 
     Programs Appropriations Act, 1990 (Public Law 101-167; 8 
     U.S.C. 1157 note)--
       ``(I) shall be designated under clause (i) until the end of 
     the first fiscal year commencing after the date of the 
     enactment of the Border Security, Economic Opportunity, and 
     Immigration Modernization Act; and
       ``(II) shall be eligible for designation thereafter at the 
     discretion of the President, considering, among other 
     factors, whether a country under consideration has been 
     designated by the Secretary of State as a `Country of 
     Particular Concern' for engaging in or tolerating systematic, 
     ongoing, and egregious violations of religious freedom.
       ``(v) A designation under clause (i) shall not influence 
     decisions to grant, to any alien, asylum under section 208, 
     protection under section 241(b)(3), or protection under the 
     Convention Against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or 
     Degrading Treatment or Punishment, done at New York December 
     10, 1984.
       ``(vi) A decision to deny admission under this section to 
     an alien who establishes to the satisfaction of the Secretary 
     that the alien is a member of a group designated under clause 
     (i) shall--

[[Page S5425]]

       ``(I) be in writing; and
       ``(II) state, to the maximum extent feasible, the reason 
     for the denial.
       ``(vii) Refugees admitted pursuant to a designation under 
     clause (i) shall be subject to the number of admissions and 
     be admissible under this section.''.

     SEC. 3404. ASYLUM DETERMINATION EFFICIENCY.

       Section 235(b)(1)(B)(ii) (8 U.S.C. 1225(b)(1)(B)(ii)) is 
     amended by striking ``asylum.'' and inserting ``asylum by an 
     asylum officer. The asylum officer, after conducting a 
     nonadversarial asylum interview and seeking supervisory 
     review, may grant asylum to the alien under section 208 or 
     refer the case to a designee of the Attorney General, for a 
     de novo asylum determination, for relief under the Convention 
     Against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading 
     Treatment or Punishment, done at New York December 10, 1984, 
     or for protection under section 241(b)(3).''.

     SEC. 3405. STATELESS PERSONS IN THE UNITED STATES.

       (a) In General.--Chapter 1 of title II (8 U.S.C. 1151 et 
     seq.) is amended by adding at the end the following:

     ``SEC. 210A. PROTECTION OF CERTAIN STATELESS PERSONS IN THE 
                   UNITED STATES.

       ``(a) Stateless Persons.--
       ``(1) In general.--In this section, the term `stateless 
     person' means an individual who is not considered a national 
     under the operation of the laws of any country.
       ``(2) Designation of specific stateless groups.--The 
     Secretary of Homeland Security, in consultation with the 
     Secretary of State, may, in the discretion of the Secretary, 
     designate specific groups of individuals who are considered 
     stateless persons, for purposes of this section.
       ``(b) Status of Stateless Persons.--
       ``(1) Relief for certain individuals determined to be 
     stateless persons.--The Secretary of Homeland Security or the 
     Attorney General may, in his or her discretion, provide 
     conditional lawful status to an alien who is otherwise 
     inadmissible or deportable from the United States if the 
     alien--
       ``(A) is a stateless person present in the United States;
       ``(B) applies for such relief;
       ``(C) has not lost his or her nationality as a result of 
     his or her voluntary action or knowing inaction after arrival 
     in the United States;
       ``(D) except as provided in paragraphs (2) and (3), is not 
     inadmissible under section 212(a); and
       ``(E) is not described in section 241(b)(3)(B)(i).
       ``(2) Inapplicability of certain provisions.--The 
     provisions under paragraphs (4), (5), (7), and (9)(B) of 
     section 212(a) shall not apply to any alien seeking relief 
     under paragraph (1).
       ``(3) Waiver.--The Secretary or the Attorney General may 
     waive any other provisions of such section, other than 
     subparagraphs (B), (C), (D)(ii), (E), (G), (H), or (I) of 
     paragraph (2), paragraph (3), paragraph (6)(C)(i) (with 
     respect to misrepresentations relating to the application for 
     relief under paragraph (1)), or subparagraphs (A), (C), (D), 
     or (E) of paragraph (10) of section 212(a), with respect to 
     such an alien for humanitarian purposes, to assure family 
     unity, or if it is otherwise in the public interest.
       ``(4) Submission of passport or travel document.--Any alien 
     who seeks relief under this section shall submit to the 
     Secretary of Homeland Security or the Attorney General--
       ``(A) any available passport or travel document issued at 
     any time to the alien (whether or not the passport or 
     document has expired or been cancelled, rescinded, or 
     revoked); or
       ``(B) an affidavit, sworn under penalty of perjury--
       ``(i) stating that the alien has never been issued a 
     passport or travel document; or
       ``(ii) identifying with particularity any such passport or 
     travel document and explaining why the alien cannot submit 
     it.
       ``(5) Work authorization.--The Secretary of Homeland 
     Security may authorize an alien who has applied for and is 
     found prima facie eligible for or been granted relief under 
     paragraph (1) to engage in employment in the United States.
       ``(6) Travel documents.--The Secretary may issue 
     appropriate travel documents to an alien who has been granted 
     relief under paragraph (1) that would allow him or her to 
     travel abroad and be admitted to the United States upon 
     return, if otherwise admissible.
       ``(7) Treatment of spouse and children.--The spouse or 
     child of an alien who has been granted conditional lawful 
     status under paragraph (1) shall, if not otherwise eligible 
     for admission under paragraph (1), be granted conditional 
     lawful status under this section if accompanying, or 
     following to join, such alien if--
       ``(A) the spouse or child is admissible (except as 
     otherwise provided in paragraphs (2) and (3)) and is not 
     described in section 241(b)(3)(B)(i); and
       ``(B) the qualifying relationship to the principal 
     beneficiary existed on the date on which such alien was 
     granted conditional lawful status.
       ``(c) Adjustment of Status.--
       ``(1) Inspection and examination.--At the end of the 1-year 
     period beginning on the date on which an alien has been 
     granted conditional lawful status under subsection (b), the 
     alien may apply for lawful permanent residence in the United 
     States if--
       ``(A) the alien has been physically present in the United 
     States for at least 1 year;
       ``(B) the alien's conditional lawful status has not been 
     terminated by the Secretary of Homeland Security or the 
     Attorney General, pursuant to such regulations as the