NATIONAL DEFENSE AUTHORIZATION ACT FOR FISCAL YEAR 2017; Congressional Record Vol. 162, No. 78
(House of Representatives - May 17, 2016)

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        NATIONAL DEFENSE AUTHORIZATION ACT FOR FISCAL YEAR 2017


                             General Leave

  Mr. THORNBERRY. Mr. Speaker, I ask unanimous consent that all Members 
have 5 legislative days in which to revise and extend their remarks and 
insert extraneous material on H.R. 4909.
  The SPEAKER pro tempore. Is there objection to the request of the 
gentleman from Texas?
  There was no objection.
  The SPEAKER pro tempore. Pursuant to House Resolution 732 and rule 
XVIII, the Chair declares the House in the Committee of the Whole House 
on the state of the Union for the consideration of the bill, H.R. 4909.
  The Chair appoints the gentleman from Idaho (Mr. Simpson) to preside 
over the Committee of the Whole.

                              {time}  1455


                     In the Committee of the Whole

  Accordingly, the House resolved itself into the Committee of the 
Whole House on the state of the Union for the consideration of the bill 
(H.R. 4909) to authorize appropriations for fiscal year 2017 for 
military activities of the Department of Defense and for military 
construction, to prescribe military personnel strengths for such fiscal 
year, and for other purposes, with Mr. Simpson in the chair.
  The Clerk read the title of the bill.
  The CHAIR. Pursuant to the rule, the bill is considered read the 
first time.
  The gentleman from Texas (Mr. Thornberry) and the gentleman from 
Washington (Mr. Smith) each will control 30 minutes.
  The Chair recognizes the gentleman from Texas.
  Mr. THORNBERRY. Mr. Chairman, I yield myself such time as I may 
consume.
  Mr. Chairman, I am honored to bring to the House today H.R. 4909, the 
National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017.
  The House Armed Services Committee reported it favorably 3 weeks ago 
by a vote of 60-2. The only way a vote like that is possible is that 
members are willing to work together for the best interests of the 
country.
  I want to start by thanking my partner on this committee, Mr. Smith, 
for his work, his insight, and his commitment to work together to try 
to do the right thing for our servicemembers and for the good of the 
Nation.
  Now, I am sure that he does not agree with everything in this bill, 
nor do I. It is the product of difficult choices, of compromise, of 
input from many members of this body.
  But, as a whole, I think this bill is good for the troops, good for 
the country, and is faithful to the constitutional responsibilities 
that we have on our shoulders to provide for the military of the United 
States and defend the country.
  I want to thank all the members of the committee as well as the 
staff. We had a compressed schedule this year. At the same time, the 
country is facing national security challenges that are growing more 
complex and more dangerous and we are still dealing with the 
consequences of defense budget cuts.
  Coupled with an ambitious reform agenda, all of those things meant 
that our job was not easy, but members on both sides of the aisle put 
in the hours, attended the briefings and hearings, and contributed to 
this product.
  This bill was built from the ground up. We started with about 2,000 
legislative provisions that were suggested by members of our committee. 
We then received many additional requests from members who are not on 
our committee through testimony, letters, and other forms of 
communication.
  For example, some members of the Small Business Committee all came 
together with a package of proposals to help small businesses 
contribute to our defense efforts.
  We had subcommittee markups and then a full committee markup that 
lasted about 16 hours and considered 248 amendments.
  Now we have more than 370 amendments that have been filed with the 
Rules Committee, and many of them will be considered over the next 2 
days on this floor.
  Mr. Chairman, I think that is the epitome of a regular legislative 
process and is particularly appropriate for this bill because providing 
for the common defense is the first job, I believe, of the Federal 
Government.
  I would add that servicemembers here and around the world deserve to 
know that we in this body are doing our job and that we support them 
and are actually trying to do our job, inspired by the courage and 
dedication and selfless sacrifice that they exhibit in doing their 
jobs.
  I want to just highlight two primary thrusts of this bill in addition 
to fulfilling our constitutional responsibilities. Those thrusts are 
readiness and reform.
  The term ``readiness'' is often used by the military. It is sometimes 
not understood by those who are not in the military. Readiness involves 
the preparation and support required to successfully accomplish what 
the political leadership asks the military to do.

[[Page H2459]]

  


                              {time}  1500

  It means having the right number of people for a mission, each of 
whom is fully trained, has appropriate equipment, and is able to carry 
out their mission.
  Now, we have got severe readiness problems today in the United States 
military. We have pilots who are getting less than half the minimum 
number of training hours they are supposed to get in order to stay 
proficient in their airplanes. We are cannibalizing some aircraft just 
to keep other aircraft flying.
  We have significant shortages of people in key areas, such as pilots 
and aircraft mechanics.
  I could go on with examples and statistics which point toward, 
unfortunately, the kind of hollow military that our country has seen in 
the past. Certainly there is a high level of frustration among many of 
our servicemembers.
  Now, we do not fix all of those problems in this bill, but we start 
to turn them around. And to truly turn them around, it means not only 
providing more resources for operations and maintenance and training 
accounts, it means we have to deal with personnel accounts, and we have 
to deal with modernization accounts.
  This bill authorizes spending at the same level as requested by the 
President, $610 billion, when you add it all together.
  Now, personally, I would prefer a higher number, but last year we saw 
military funding used as a hostage to get more domestic funding. In 
fact, the President vetoed this bill once last year to force more 
domestic spending, the first time that has ever been done. Once an 
agreement was reached, he signed the exact same bill into law with the 
funding adjustments.
  I think using the military as a hostage for domestic political 
leverage is deplorable, but I also want to avoid a repeat of that since 
President Obama is still in the White House. So we used the exact same 
number, the exact same top line as requested by the President.
  Mr. Chairman, it would also be irresponsible for us to turn away and 
ignore the severe readiness problems that are coming to the fore, so 
this bill authorizes funding for several items that the President 
rejected in the budget proposal that he sent to us.
  For example, it restores a full cost-of-living adjustment for our 
military. It prevents further cuts in the number of people serving. It 
begins to repair facilities. It adds funds for training and for 
maintenance, and it makes some progress on replacing outdated weapons 
systems.
  So this bill provides full funding for the base requirements for the 
full year, as was agreed upon in last year's balanced budget agreement.
  It then provides a bridge fund to pay for the overseas deployments 
for about half of the new fiscal year. That gives the new President, 
whoever he or she may be, the opportunity to look at the deployments 
that President Obama has begun, look at the funding that he has 
requested, make adjustments however they think it needs to be adjusted, 
and then come back to Congress with their conclusions.
  Mr. Chairman, that is exactly the approach that was used the last 
time we transitioned between administrations. In June of 2008, this 
body, under Democratic leadership, did exactly what I have described 
with a bridge fund to get into 2009. We are following the same approach 
this year.
  Now, this bill also contains major reforms. In fact, there are five 
major reform packages in it, all of which are the work of bipartisan 
work on the committee, and consultation with the Department of Defense.
  Those areas, just briefly, are:
  Acquisition reform to try to ensure that we are getting more value 
for the money we spend, and that we get modern technology into the 
hands of the warfighters faster.
  Military health care to modernize the system, provide better care, 
and ensure that the emphasis is where it is supposed to be, and that is 
military health care for our warfighters.
  Commissary reform to put domestic commissaries on a self-sustaining 
track while maintaining the benefit for our servicemembers, their 
families, and for retirees.
  Organizational reform, including the changes to the 30-year old 
Goldwater-Nichols law, and replacing the Quadrennial Defense Review, 
the QDR, with something that is less costly and more useful.
  Reform of the Uniform Code of Military Justice, long overdue and 
modernization spurred by a review that we required in this committee 
that was prompted by the sexual assault allegations of recent years.
  So, Mr. Chairman, there is a lot here. There is a lot of substance, 
and there is a lot of reform, and it is all focused towards two goals. 
One is to support the men and women who volunteer to risk their lives 
to protect us. And secondly, to preserve and protect the national 
security of the United States of America in a very dangerous world.
  I believe this bill deserves the support of all Members.
  Mr. Chairman, I reserve the balance of my time.
  Mr. SMITH of Washington. Mr. Chairman, I yield myself 5 minutes.
  I want to thank the chairman and all the staff members and members of 
the committee for their excellent work in pulling this bill together.
  As always, I think it is a fine example of how the legislative 
process should work around here, and too often doesn't. We had a bill 
before committee. We had many, many hearings to discuss the issues 
around it. Then we had a long markup with amendments offered and 
debated, and we put together a bill in a bipartisan fashion that I 
think was done quite well.
  I also agree with the chairman that there is a lot of good in this 
bill. There are a lot of efforts at reforming the way we do procurement 
and other things in the Department of Defense to try to get the most 
out of the money we spend.
  More than anything, the good in this bill is that it continues to 
provide for the men and women of our services who are fighting for us 
and protecting our national security, and I think it does a very 
comprehensive job of that, and that is an important issue right now. I 
will also agree with the chairman that we face as complex a threat 
environment as we have probably faced, gosh, in the history of the 
country. We have certainly had great national security challenges 
throughout our history, but now they are coming at us from all 
directions.
  Certainly, we have the asymmetric threat of terrorism from groups 
like al Qaeda and Daesh and all that goes with that.
  We have a newly belligerent Russia that is creating problems in 
Eastern Europe and elsewhere. We have Iran, which continues to pose 
challenges to us in the Middle East and also elsewhere; North Korea, 
that is acting in a very belligerent manner; and China, that is 
expanding its territory by creating islands in the South China Sea and 
challenging the territorial integrity of other nations.
  All of those things require us to be prepared and to have a robust 
national security policy. I think this bill does a good job of it.
  Now, we are facing a reckoning, coming down the road here, in that 
all of those national security challenges that I just mentioned are 
going to be tough to meet under any budget.

  One of the things that I would urge us to do is to work more closely 
with partners throughout the globe, as we have in some instances, to 
meet our national security challenges, because the sheer cost of them 
is going to be difficult. But on the whole, I think this bill does a 
good job of meeting our national security concerns.
  There are just two problems that I do want to point out. Number one, 
we don't really make as many tough choices as we should make in this 
bill. The chairman has pointed out how this bill prioritizes readiness, 
and to some degree that is true; but this bill also still has $11 
million less in money for readiness than the President's budget that 
was proposed because we support a wide range of other programs.
  If you look over the course of the next 10 years at all of the 
programs that we are funding and planning on buying, and then you look 
at how much money we are likely to have, the two don't add up. We have 
to start making some difficult choices about what we are going to fund 
and what we are not going to fund.
  Related to that is the second problem, the one the chairman alluded 
to, and that is the fact that while this

[[Page H2460]]

budget sticks to the $610 billion number that was agreed to in the 
budget resolution last year, it takes $18 billion out of the overseas 
contingency operations fund and puts it into the base budget, which 
means that 6 months into the fiscal year our troops in Afghanistan and 
Iraq and elsewhere will not have the money to support those overseas 
operations unless a supplemental is passed.
  Now, the chairman is quite correct: this was done in 2008. But in 
2008, we did not have the Budget Control Act. We did not have the 
complete unwillingness of this Congress to lift the Budget Control Act. 
I don't see that changing in the next 6 months.
  Which brings us to the other issue, and that is the issue of 
``holding the defense bill hostage for other spending priorities, for 
domestic spending priorities.''
  Well, that is one way of looking at it. The other way of looking at 
is a budget is a series of choices that you have to make. And if we do 
spend an additional $18 billion on defense, over and above what the 
budget agreement of last year agreed to, then that money has got to 
come from somewhere.
  Either, one, it adds to a $19 trillion debt that I think most people 
feel is too high and that we need to eventually get to the point of a 
balanced budget.
  It requires new revenue which, of course, is--you know, I should be 
struck down by lightning in this Chamber for even mentioning the words 
``new revenue.'' That is, apparently, verboten and not going to happen.
  However much we may claim to support the men and women who served in 
our Armed Forces, we are not prepared to raise taxes for what they need 
to do.
  Then you have got the domestic choices, and those domestic choices 
are not irrelevant. We have a crumbling infrastructure in this country 
that is way behind, massively unfunded.
  We have other priorities. We have the Department of Homeland 
Security. We have Intel priorities. All of those priorities are shoved 
backwards if we take an additional $18 billion for defense.
  So we are not holding defense hostage. We are arguing about what our 
budget priorities should be.
  Should we go and take the $610 billion agreement we had for defense 
and effectively up it to $628 billion at the expense of all these other 
priorities, or shouldn't we? That is what we have to balance.
  I will look forward to the debate. There are a lot of interesting 
amendments coming up. I am not sure at this point how I am going to 
vote on this bill. I think it is incredibly important. We need to get 
it done.
  But those budget priorities are very real. And if we take an extra 
$18 billion for defense, that does shortchange other areas, given our 
unwillingness to raise revenue to pay for it.
  Mr. Chairman, I reserve the balance of my time.
  Mr. THORNBERRY. Mr. Chairman, I am pleased to yield 1 minute to the 
gentleman from California (Mr. McCarthy), the distinguished majority 
leader.
  Mr. McCARTHY. I thank the gentleman for yielding.
  Mr. Chairman, I want to take one moment. Very seldom do we see a bill 
of this significance come to the floor in such a bipartisan manner. 
That takes leadership, it takes experience, and I want to thank the 
chairman for that. He knows that I trust his judgment, but more 
importantly, whenever we are talking about national security, he is the 
first one that I call. But I am not the only one who calls him: those 
around the world do as well.
  I want to take a moment to thank the ranking member as well. The vote 
to come out of this committee was 60-2. That shows the leadership on 
both sides that when America looks at national security, they want 
Republicans and Democrats alike to work together.
  Both of you have shown that leadership, and I want to congratulate 
you for that, bringing it to the floor in that manner.
  Mr. Chairman, it is indisputable that our national security has 
declined under President Obama's watch. Terrorists are attacking us 
right here at home. Europe is under siege. And, yet, the President is 
more focused on closing Guantanamo Bay and releasing detainees than he 
is on the real threats to American security.
  Afghanistan is increasingly unstable, and the Taliban and al Qaeda 
are gaining ground. Yet, President Obama remains committed to 
withdrawing our troops while constraining their ability to take the 
fight to the enemy.
  These are just two examples, and I don't need to go through the whole 
list. Just look at the map of the world, and what do you see?
  Allies that have been slighted, enemies that have been appeased, 
regions that have fallen into conflict and chaos.
  The Obama administration is not the direct cause of every problem, 
but the President's inadequate responses, naive beliefs, and failures 
of leadership have put American interests at risk and made our country 
less safe.
  Now, House Republicans have always been and remain committed to a 
strong American military, an active foreign policy, and continued 
American leadership in the world.
  We must counter the terrorist threats forcefully. We must reaffirm 
and strengthen our strategic alliances, like NATO. We must engage and 
prevent, not retrench and respond.
  This National Defense Authorization Act demonstrates our commitment 
by prioritizing funding to support more troops, better defenses, and 
better equipment.
  Most importantly, this bill works to improve readiness, and ensures 
that our men and women are prepared to go into battle.
  The President has fought this approach and has said he will veto this 
bill as it currently stands. That is despite a 2.1 percent pay raise 
for our troops, better resources for the warfighter, an aggressive 
stance against Russian expansion, and funding for Israel's missile 
defense.

                              {time}  1515

  This is the height of irresponsibility. With this bill, the House 
makes it clear that we intend to reinvigorate the Department of 
Defense, take care of our men and women in uniform, stand with our 
allies, and make every possible effort to defeat global extremism.
  The President should share these goals and sign this bill.
  Mr. SMITH of Washington. Mr. Chair, I yield 3 minutes to the 
gentlewoman from California (Ms. Loretta Sanchez), the ranking member 
of the Tactical Air and Land Forces Subcommittee.
  Ms. LORETTA SANCHEZ of California. Mr. Chairman, I thank Chairman 
Thornberry, Ranking Member Smith, and all of our staff for tirelessly 
working on this very incredibly important bill. Also I would like to 
thank Mr. Turner. For the past 4 years, he has been the chairman and I 
have been the ranking member of the Subcommittee for Tactical Air and 
Land Forces. It has been a pleasure.
  The National Defense Authorization Act, of course, is a must-pass 
bill. We have passed it for the past 53 years, and I am really honored 
to have been part of it for the past 20.
  The NDAA is the annual piece of law that puts the necessary resources 
and funding to ensure that our servicemembers are fully equipped and 
trained to defend our country here and abroad. All of our military 
systems--air, land, water, and space--are authorized by this 
legislation. It provides new opportunities for the Department of 
Defense to engage in innovative research and development to ensure that 
America has the most technologically advanced military. Of course, that 
also bleeds over into the civilian world with all of our new 
technologies.
  The NDAA makes sure that servicemembers and their families are 
provided with the necessary support and resources as they sacrifice 
their lives to defend their country. Just last Friday, I had the 
opportunity to be in Erie, Pennsylvania, where our son was commissioned 
as a second lieutenant and officer into the U.S. Army artillery. So I 
am pretty excited to continue to support our military families because 
we are one.
  This bill also provides provisions to support women in the military--
making equipment that actually fits them, for example--and we put in 
language for parental leave for our servicemembers for up to 14 days.
  It increases funding for nuclear nonproliferation, something which I 
am an adamant supporter of, trying to eliminate nuclear threats for the 
future, for our grandchildren and their children.

[[Page H2461]]

  It increases funding for K-12 STEM education because, again, we have 
to invest in our future, and the future of education is equal to our 
national security. The legislation also provides funding and resources 
to counterterrorism, including those threats from ISIL.
  On our particular subcommittee, we included some significant 
oversight legislation. Everybody thinks about passing laws, but the 
reality is that one of the main things that we have to do as Members of 
Congress is to oversee what is really happening in programs and with 
the money of our taxpayers. So we included the F-35 Joint Strike 
Fighter's software oversight, the F-18 Super Hornet oxygen system, and 
a multiyear procurement authority for the Army's helicopters.
  However, the successful passage of this important legislation is at 
risk because, first, it doesn't comply with the Republicans' Budget 
Control Act because it is $18 billion over the budget caps. Secondly, 
it includes a number of discriminatory provisions, such as language 
that would allow government contractors to discriminate against the 
LGBT community.
  There are many things that we need to do to ensure that this bill can 
be, in a bipartisan way, passed by this House.
  Mr. THORNBERRY. Mr. Chairman, I am pleased to yield 2 minutes to the 
gentleman from Virginia (Mr. Forbes), the chairman of the Subcommittee 
on Seapower and Projection Forces.
  Mr. FORBES. Mr. Chairman, I rise in support of the National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017.
  I want to first commend the leadership of Chairman Thornberry in 
bringing this bill to the floor. His leadership has been instrumental 
in tackling many of the tough issues this committee has had to address.
  I am particularly impressed with the chairman's leadership to make 
sure that this Congress provides the required equipment and readiness 
that will begin to turn some disconcerting trend lines with our 
national security.
  For example, Navy aviation has only 3 in 10 Navy jet aircraft that 
are fully mission capable; aircraft carriers are not available in 
sufficient quantities, and our Nation had a carrier gap of almost 3 
months in Central Command last year; Navy ship deployments have 
increased almost 40 percent, and submarine demand continues to outpace 
availability, with the Navy projecting they will meet only 42 percent 
of the combatant commanders' demand, and this is before we reduce 
another 20 percent of our submarines by the end of the 2020s.
  As to the Air Force, our B-1 fleet was pulled back from the Arabian 
Gulf this year because of engine maintenance issues and replaced with 
B-52s that are over 50 years old; and in the last 4 years, we have 
reduced our tactical airlift by 20 percent.
  I think everyone would agree that these are disturbing trends. It is 
time we invest in these capabilities. This bill goes a long way to 
reversing this trajectory and authorizes funds to meet the 350-ship 
Navy that our Nation needs. I believe it is a national security 
imperative to arrest the decline of our projection forces.
  Mr. Chairman, I urge my colleagues to support the National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017.
  Mr. SMITH of Washington. Mr. Chairman, I yield 3 minutes to the 
gentleman from Rhode Island (Mr. Langevin), the ranking member of the 
Emerging Threats and Capabilities Subcommittee.
  Mr. LANGEVIN. Mr. Chairman, I thank the gentleman for yielding.
  Mr. Chairman, I want to thank Chairman Thornberry, Ranking Member 
Smith, and my fellow colleagues on the committee this year for many 
important issues within the committee's jurisdiction which we found in 
this bill, on which I have been proud to work with my colleagues.
  As ranking member of the Emerging Threats and Capabilities 
Subcommittee, I especially want to thank my subcommittee colleagues, 
particularly my colleague Joe Wilson, the chairman of the subcommittee. 
It has been a pleasure to work with him.
  I also want to take this opportunity to recognize members of the 
staff who worked so hard on this bill, without whom we wouldn't be able 
to move legislation of this magnitude forward.
  The legislation, Mr. Chairman, before us today continues to address 
critical priorities and programs at the strategic, operational, and 
tactical levels when it comes to emerging threats and capabilities.
  In particular, I am pleased with many provisions relating to game-
changing technologies, such as language addressing how to properly 
operationalize directed energy technologies, electromagnetic rail gun 
mount funding, electronic warfare capabilities, strategy requirements, 
and a point person within DOD for directed energy systems.
  This legislation goes on also to prioritize the readiness of the 
Cyber Mission Force and fully supports U.S. Cyber Command while 
elevating this critical entity to its own combatant command. This 
effort enhances our superiority in the cyber domain, and I am glad the 
committee recognized the need to take this vital step.
  I am also pleased with the approach we took toward enhancing 
capabilities and extending authorities to defeat nonstate actors like 
ISIL and al Qaeda.
  I am also pleased with the continued support of our Special 
Operations Forces and their families who are under the responsibility 
of the subcommittee, and those forces which are always at the pointy 
tip of the spear.
  Although this bill moves the ball forward on policies vital to our 
national defense, of course, it is far from perfect. We must continue 
to address funding issues in other areas of concern as we move forward 
in the process.
  In closing, I want to thank all the members of our subcommittee, as 
well as the members of the full Armed Services Committee, for their 
support during this markup.
  I again commend Chairman Thornberry and Ranking Member Smith for 
their leadership. I look forward to our continuing to work together to 
craft a final product with the Senate that provides further support for 
our men and women in uniform, our military families, and further 
strengthens our national security.
  Mr. THORNBERRY. Mr. Chairman, I am pleased to yield 2 minutes to the 
gentleman from South Carolina (Mr. Wilson), the chairman of the 
Subcommittee on Emerging Threats and Capabilities.
  Mr. WILSON of South Carolina. Mr. Chairman, I thank the gentleman for 
his efforts to promote peace through strength.
  Mr. Chairman, I am grateful to support H.R. 4909, the National 
Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017, which I believe 
faithfully sets forth a path to recover and strengthen our military 
readiness.
  As chairman of the Subcommittee on Emerging Threats and Capabilities 
of the House Armed Services Committee, I am particularly appreciative 
to oversee some of the most innovative aspects of the Department of 
Defense.
  A few key areas of the subcommittee's contributions to this 
legislation are providing robust and resilient cyber capabilities and 
authorities to improve our cyber readiness and ensure resiliency for 
Department of Defense networks and weapons systems. We support 
innovative science and technology programs and authorities to meet 
future challenges. We fully resource and support our Special Operations 
Forces, who remain at war and globally postured, supporting our 
national security in the global war on terrorism. We extend vital 
counterterrorism authorities while improving congressional oversight in 
this very important area.
  Again, I would like to thank Chairman Mac Thornberry for his 
steadfast leadership as well as the subcommittee ranking member, Mr. 
Jim Langevin of Rhode Island, who has been an energetic partner on 
these issues with an extraordinary subcommittee staff.
  Mr. Chairman, I urge my colleagues to support this bill and vote 
``yes'' on H.R. 4909.
  Mr. SMITH of Washington. Mr. Chairman, I yield 3 minutes to the 
gentlewoman from Guam (Ms. Bordallo), the ranking member of the 
Readiness Subcommittee.
  Ms. BORDALLO. Mr. Chairman, I commend Chairman Thornberry, Ranking 
Member Smith, and the committee staff who have worked many, many long 
nights on the FY17 National Defense Authorization Act. I worked with 
Mr. Smith and members on the committee, particularly the Readiness 
chairman, Mr. Rob Wittman, to include a number of provisions that will

[[Page H2462]]

improve our military readiness and continue to support the Asia-Pacific 
rebalance, allowing crucial infrastructure projects to move forward and 
requiring the Navy to report on land usage on Guam that will have 
positive impacts for our posture in this region.
  The bill provides critical funding to the Long Range Strike Bomber 
program as well as adds additional funding to keep the fielding of the 
MQ-4 program on track.
  I especially want to thank Ranking Member Smith for working to get a 
provision mandating a review of distinguished Asian American and 
Pacific Islander veterans who may have been unjustly overlooked in the 
Medal of Honor consideration included in the chairman's mark. It is 
important that we appropriately recognize the contributions of our 
brave men and women in uniform.
  While I am proud of these and other provisions, this bill is far from 
perfect. There are, once again, numerous damaging environmental 
provisions; and, more broadly, I am disappointed that the majority has 
again created a bill that circumvents budget caps, a maneuver that 
plays politics with our servicemembers in the field--particularly 
reckless in this environment.
  I look forward to working with my colleagues on both sides of the 
aisle to address these and other concerns, and I hope common sense will 
prevail as this process continues.
  Mr. THORNBERRY. Mr. Chairman, I am pleased to yield 2 minutes to the 
gentleman from Ohio (Mr. Turner), the subcommittee chairman on Tactical 
Air and Land Forces.
  Mr. TURNER. Mr. Chairman, I rise in support of the National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017.
  As the chairman has indicated, the President has issued a veto threat 
on this bill claiming criticism that the bill uses overseas contingency 
operations funds for base requirements. This is a hypocritical attack 
by the President because the President, in his own bill, included $5 
billion in overseas contingency operations funding to be used for base 
requirements as part of the President's budget for 2017.
  The reality is that $5 billion is not enough to address the readiness 
crisis that is facing our military, and it does not ensure that our 
troops are ready to deploy and are fully prepared. The military, in 
fact, submitted $22 billion in unfunded requirements for fiscal year 
2017 alone.
  I want to thank Chairman Thornberry for his leadership as he begins 
the process of rebuilding our military and restoring readiness back 
into the future. As the chairman said, this bill came out of our 
committee, 60-2. It is the same bill that is going to come to this 
House floor.
  I certainly hope we are not in the situation, as we were last year, 
where we had Democrats on the committee who actually voted for the bill 
in committee and then voted against the bill on the House floor. This 
is a bill that deserves passage. It deserves the support for our men 
and women in uniform.
  In my subcommittee, the bill authorizes almost $6 billion in 
additional funds to address critical unfunded requirements, a benefit 
provided by the military services.
  I want to also thank Chairman Thornberry, in this bill, for reversing 
the President's proposed cuts to our end strength, our numbers of those 
serving in the Army and the Marine Corps. He has incorporated the 
POSTURE Act, which was first introduced by Representative Chris Gibson.
  The bill also includes funds for the European Reassurance Initiative, 
which is incredibly important as we move to respond against Russian 
aggression.
  Additionally, this bill calls for continued action to eradicate 
sexual assault in the military, and I appreciate the chairman's support 
for those provisions.
  The bill provides greater transparency in the military criminal 
justice system, acknowledges the need for intensive treatment for male 
victims of sexual assault, and continues to address the critical issue 
of retaliation.

                              {time}  1530

  Before I conclude, I want to thank our subcommittee's ranking member, 
Ms. Loretta Sanchez, for her support in completing the markup of this 
bill as well as that of other Members, and I want to thank Loretta 
Sanchez for her long service on the Armed Services Committee.
  I ask everyone to support this bill.
  The CHAIR. The Chair would remind Members to refrain from engaging in 
personalities toward the President.
  Mr. SMITH of Washington. Mr. Chairman, I yield 3 minutes to the 
gentleman from Connecticut (Mr. Courtney), the ranking member of the 
Seapower and Projection Forces Subcommittee.
  Mr. COURTNEY. Mr. Chair, I enthusiastically support the seapower 
portion of the defense bill, which is a strong bipartisan boost to our 
security on, below, and above the seas.
  The Seapower and Projection Forces Subcommittee worked hard this year 
examining the President's budget as well as the larger strategic 
maritime context that we are considering these programs in.
  We have determined the following, that the demand for our naval fleet 
is higher than ever and so is the strain on the force. A casual review 
of the headlines explains why.
  China's navy is militarizing the South China Sea, threatening good 
order and commerce on the world's seaways, completely in violation of 
international maritime law.
  Russia's navy is recapitalizing its fleet, particularly its undersea 
fleet, and operating at a level not seen since the cold war.
  These are just two examples of the up-tempo challenges that the Navy 
faces every single day. In this strategic context, the seapower portion 
of our bill builds on the work done by the Navy, the Obama 
administration, and this Congress to put us on a path to a 308-ship 
Navy within the next 5 years.
  That is good, but it is clear we need to do more to ensure that we 
have the capability to keep pace with the growing and changing threats 
around the world. That is why this bill adds three new ships to the 
seven ships in the President's budget, a third littoral combat ship, 
funding to complete a third DDG-51 destroyer, and resources to add an 
additional amphibious ship.
  Our bill also has another area of good bipartisan work. It is in the 
area of our undersea forces. Our bill not only sustains the two-a-year 
build rate of our advanced Virginia-class submarines, but also includes 
a measure that I pushed for to continue that build rate through the 
2020s to provide the undersea capabilities our military leaders are 
pleading for.
  Our bill also fully funds our Nation's top strategic priority, the 
Ohio replacement submarine. We also continue our bipartisan work to 
strengthen the National Sea-Based Deterrence Fund to support this 
critical program outside of the regular shipbuilding account.
  We provide this fund with new authorities to save additional funds 
during the course of building the Ohio class program--perhaps as much 
as 10 percent on components like missile tubes--on top of the billions 
in savings that already existing authorities in the fund were shown to 
garner by the CRS and the Congressional Budget Office.
  The bipartisan seapower mark is a down payment on the additional 
naval capabilities and capacity that we will need to keep pace with the 
fast-changing security challenges around the globe. I am confident that 
it will emerge in the final enactment of the 2017 NDAA.
  Mr. THORNBERRY. Mr. Chairman, I yield 2 minutes to the gentleman from 
Alabama (Mr. Rogers), the distinguished chairman of the Subcommittee on 
Strategic Forces.
  Mr. ROGERS of Alabama. Mr. Chair, I would like to thank the 
distinguished chairman of the House Armed Services Committee for his 
leadership in bringing what I think is a very good NDAA bill to the 
floor. This is the 55th consecutive NDAA.
  This is not an easy bill to manage. We have a critical set of funding 
challenges as the administration's budget submission for FY 2017 broke 
the deal negotiated in 2015 to achieve the Bipartisan Budget Act of 
2015.
  Because of this failure, we in Congress must exercise our 
constitutional duty to provide for the men and women in uniform and we 
must provide much-needed oversight of the Department of Defense and the 
Department of Energy.
  This bill includes a number of key provisions that were authored by 
the

[[Page H2463]]

Subcommittee on Strategic Forces that I lead, including:
  Consolidating and strengthening the Air Force's organization 
regarding our nuclear command and control and missile warning systems;
  It enhances the authority for the Department of Defense and, also, 
the Department of Energy to mitigate threats from unmanned aircraft at 
its most sensitive nuclear facilities;
  It prohibits the DOE funding for Russia and for Secretary Kerry's 
unilateral disarmament initiative concerning retired U.S. nuclear 
warheads;
  It tackles the significant and growing foreign counter space threat 
that our space systems are suffering by providing the necessary 
resources to build up our space security and defense capabilities and 
by ensuring the Department is organized properly and has the 
authorities it needs to maintain our space advantage long into the 
future;

  It makes clear that replacement of the RD-180 in a reasoned, prudent 
timeline is the primary goal of the Department of Defense to maintain 
assured access to space while protecting the taxpayers and ending our 
reliance on Russian rocket engines;
  It requires the Army to do a better job for its soldiers than 
delaying the procurement of a modern radar until 2028 at the earliest; 
and
  Most significantly to me, in this bill we have recommended to the 
chairman a significant increase of over $400 million for the Missile 
Defense Agency, focusing on R&D, and full funding of the request of our 
allies in Israel, $600.7 million, for codevelopment and coproduction of 
Iron Dome, David's Sling, and Arrow 3.
  I want to thank the chairman for his leadership, and I want to thank 
my good friend and colleague from Tennessee, Mr. Jim Cooper, for his 
support, counsel, and thoughtfulness. I couldn't ask for a better 
ranking member.
  I urge support of the bill.
  Mr. SMITH of Washington. Mr. Chairman, I yield 3 minutes to the 
gentleman from Tennessee (Mr. Cooper), the ranking member of the 
Strategic Forces Subcommittee.
  Mr. COOPER. Mr. Chair, I thank the gentleman from Washington. I thank 
also the chairman of the full committee from Texas and my particular 
friend, the gentleman from Alabama (Mr. Rogers).
  All the members of the subcommittee contributed greatly to the final 
product. It is not to all of our liking, but we are making progress.
  We agree on so many of the fundamental provisions having to do with 
national security. For example, I am thankful that our safe, secure, 
and effective nuclear deterrent is fully funded and we are also 
providing full support for our nuclear nonproliferation efforts as well 
as providing for nuclear cleanup. Those are all very important efforts.
  The bill also provides a very robust missile defense, including not 
only protecting the homeland, but also our allies and partners, such as 
the $600 million for Israeli missile defense.
  The mark fully funds national security space programs and makes some 
very important adjustments, including ensuring that we adequately 
support acquisition of satellite communication services.
  There are a few provisions in the bill that I strongly oppose, such 
as restricting dismantlement of obsolete and unneeded nuclear weapons.
  Also, I think it was a mistake to mandate a poorly-thought-out, 
unaffordable, and unrealistic missile defense policy, including plans 
for a space-based missile deterrent. I also plan to continue to oppose 
these provisions in conference.
  I would like to reiterate my thanks to Chairman Rogers, my friend 
from Alabama. It is a pleasure to work with him and our other 
subcommittee members.
  Mr. THORNBERRY. Mr. Chairman, I yield 2 minutes to the gentleman from 
Virginia (Mr. Wittman), the distinguished chairman of the Subcommittee 
on Readiness.
  Mr. WITTMAN. Mr. Chairman, I would like to thank Chairman Thornberry, 
Ranking Member Smith, and the ranking member on the Readiness 
Subcommittee, Madeleine Bordallo, for all of their efforts.
  Chairman Thornberry over the last few months has highlighted the 
significant readiness challenges and budget choices we are facing. The 
reality is that these decisions we make here will affect the strength 
of our national security for years to come.
  The American people are concerned. And why shouldn't they be? The 
readiness obstacles that we face force our military leaders to choose 
between providing adequate training and equipment for troops at home 
and supporting our men and women who are already fighting on the front 
lines.
  We have heard verified media reports, for instance, that aircraft 
mechanics have taken drastic measures, even attempting to strip parts 
from museum pieces, to keep our fighters and bombers flying.
  We have heard testimony from each of our service branches about how 
critical it is for us to address our military readiness shortfalls. 
What we have heard has been sobering, to say the least.
  Today we are called to address these maintenance, sustainment, and 
readiness issues. That is our constitutional duty. I believe that this 
bill will move us toward that end goal of restoring full-spectrum 
readiness.
  This bill, for example, prohibits the Department from implementing 
another round of base realignment and closure in the absence of an 
accurate end strength assessment and it streamlines the Department of 
Defense's civilian hiring practices so that critical manpower 
capability gaps can be filled.
  Most importantly, this bill also includes more than $5 billion in 
additional funds for, among other things, ship and aircraft depot 
maintenance, aviation training and readiness, and long-neglected 
facility sustainment, restoration, and modernization accounts.
  Our military, an overruling force for good, is supported by the 
finest men and women in the world. They deserve our support in return.
  At the same time, I would like to note that these recommendations 
don't fully alleviate my concerns about our readiness shortfalls. Here 
in Washington we need to make sure that we fully understand what is at 
stake and how the choices we make affect those who serve and sacrifice 
on our behalf.
  We have to continue to focus on restoring readiness in the years to 
come and make sure that we properly man, train, and equip our forces so 
that they can meet the challenges on the horizon with the confidence 
and superiority we have come to expect.
  I ask the Members of the House to support this National Defense 
Authorization Act and vote ``yes'' on H.R. 4909.
  Mr. SMITH of Washington. Mr. Chairman, may I inquire as to how much 
time each side has remaining?
  The CHAIR. The gentleman from Washington has 13\1/2\ minutes 
remaining. The gentleman from Texas has 11 minutes remaining.
  Mr. SMITH of Washington. Mr. Chairman, I yield 4 minutes to the 
gentlewoman from California (Mrs. Davis), ranking member of the 
Military Personnel Subcommittee.
  Mrs. DAVIS of California. Mr. Chairman, I want to thank Dr. Heck and 
the committee staff for working in a bipartisan manner to develop this 
bill and particularly recognize Chairman Thornberry and Ranking Member 
Smith for their leadership during this process.
  The bill includes many provisions that will provide the military 
services flexibility to recruit and retain members of our Armed Forces 
and to continue our commitment to taking care of military families.
  One provision that we have expands parental leave for military 
members to 14 days as well as expanding adoption leave for dual 
military couples to 36 days to be split between them.
  It also requires DOD to study flexible maternity and paternity leave 
sharing for all of our dual military couples.
  This bill includes reforms that will put the commissary on a 
sustainable path while protecting the benefit for our servicemembers, 
retirees, and their families. It also begins to reform and modernize 
the military healthcare system.

  Although we would all agree it is not perfect, this bill is long 
needed to start ensuring that our servicemembers, retirees, and their 
families continue to receive the best health care in the world through 
efficient and economical means.
  Important issues were addressed in this bill. I support many of the 
reforms

[[Page H2464]]

and all of the hard work that went into them. However, I am extremely 
concerned with how this bill is funded.
  I applaud Chairman Thornberry's desire to increase funds for end 
strength, modernization, and the operations and maintenance accounts. 
But the $18 billion required comes from the Overseas Contingency Fund 
and cuts short resources required for our troops in harm's way.
  This will require the next Congress to pass a supplemental before 
May, and that assumes current operations don't increase over the next 
year. What programs do we cut midyear to find that level of funding?
  This gimmick creates a hollow force. It will require the military 
services to hedge their bets that the funding to maintain the increased 
end strength authorized will be available in fiscal year 2018 when 
sequestration hits.
  The world we know is very dangerous in many places, and the pace of 
combat operations will most likely not diminish in the near future.
  In light of these dangers, I do not disagree that the Army may need 
more soldiers. But the Army has not provided us with the requested 
number, nor have they told Congress how they would create the 
appropriate force structure to use these additional soldiers.
  Lastly, this NDAA passed out of committee continued to expand on 
Congress' efforts to increase opportunities for women to serve our 
Nation by requiring women to register for the Selective Service. This 
was only possible because the Department of Defense, after several 
years of intense review, opened the last remaining combat arms 
positions to women earlier this year.
  Unfortunately, the rule for the NDAA strikes the provision without 
debate. I understand that we are not always going to be in agreement, 
and that is why we debate and vote issues on the House floor. But to 
resort to gimmicks to hide debate is unconscionable. This is a national 
issue that Congress must debate and vote on.
  I certainly look forward, Mr. Chair, to continuing to work with the 
chairman and the rest of the committee to ensure we resource our 
military services in a responsible manner so that we can face the 
challenges of today and tomorrow.
  Mr. THORNBERRY. Mr. Chairman, I yield 2 minutes to the gentlewoman 
from Missouri (Mrs. Hartzler), the chair of the Subcommittee on 
Oversight and Investigations.
  Mrs. HARTZLER. Mr. Chair, I rise today in support of our national 
defense. There are some stark realities we must face in today's world 
of increased and emerging threats from around the globe combined with 
decreased military readiness from arbitrary and reckless cuts to our 
national defense.
  In the face of these challenges, we have a choice: either continue to 
let our military capabilities wither as our adversaries grow stronger 
or we can recognize that ever-changing global landscape and make sure 
our troops are prepared with the resources and training they need to 
keep Americans safe against today's threats and tomorrow's.
  The latter, Mr. Chair, is what this defense authorization does. From 
addressing the strike fighter shortfall with 14 additional F-18s that 
the Navy needs, to providing for maintenance of equipment and 
facilities so that museum aircraft do not have to be cannibalized for 
spare parts, to fully funding our troops' pay raise, which they have 
rightly earned, we have listened to the services and our commanders.

                              {time}  1545

  They know what they need to do their jobs, to keep us safe, and to 
retain their people, and we have acted on their priorities.
  This bill also addresses shortfalls in training and provides for the 
modernization of critical national security programs. It makes sure 
soldiers are prepared at all of our bases, including at the Army's 
Maneuver Support Center of Excellence at Fort Leonard Wood, in my 
district. It ensures aircraft like the B-2 at Whiteman Air Force Base 
can continue to project power and the spirit of America around the 
globe.
  Mr. Chair, this authorization takes care of our troops, ensures the 
safety of the American people, and fulfills our constitutional 
obligation to provide for the common defense.
  I commend Chairman Thornberry, my House Armed Services colleagues, 
and the HASC staff for all of their hard work and leadership.
  I urge my colleagues to vote ``yes'' on this responsible 
authorization.
  Mr. SMITH of Washington. Mr. Chair, I reserve the balance of my time.
  Mr. THORNBERRY. Mr. Chair, I yield 2 minutes to the distinguished 
gentleman from Nevada (Mr. Heck), the chairman of the Subcommittee on 
Military Personnel, who is both a doctor and a general in the Reserves.
  Mr. HECK of Nevada. Mr. Chair, I rise in strong support of H.R. 4909, 
the National Defense Authorization Act of 2017.
  This bill contains significant policy and funding initiatives that 
continue our commitment to maintain military personnel and family 
readiness and address important issues for our troops.
  To that end, this bill:
  Establishes a fully funded pay raise for all of our servicemembers. 
After 3 years of executive action that has provided lower-than-by-law 
calculated pay raises, it is time we give our troops and their families 
the pay increase they deserve;
  Stops the reductions in the active end-strengths of the Armed Forces, 
thereby increasing readiness while reducing the stress and strain on 
the force and their families;
  Reforms the Military Health System to ensure the system can sustain 
trained and ready healthcare providers to support the readiness of the 
force and provide a quality healthcare benefit valued by its 
beneficiaries;
  It also modernizes the Uniform Code of Military Justice to improve 
the system's efficiency and transparency while also enhancing victims' 
rights. This includes establishing several new offenses, including an 
offense prohibiting retaliation and prohibiting inappropriate 
relationships between military recruits or trainees and a person in a 
position of special trust;
  Reforms the commissary system in a way that preserves this important 
benefit while also improving the system so it remains an excellent 
value for the shoppers and a good value for the taxpayer;
  Includes an increase in parental adoptive leave for dual military 
couples in recognition of the importance of bonding time between 
parents and their newly adopted children.
  In conclusion, I thank the ranking member, Mrs. Davis of California, 
and her staff for their contributions to the mark and support in this 
very bipartisan process. We were joined by an active and informed and 
dedicated group of subcommittee members, and their recommendations and 
priorities are clearly reflected in this bill. Additionally, I 
appreciate the dedication and hard work of the subcommittee staff.
  I urge my colleagues to support our military men and women and their 
families and to support this bill.
  Mr. SMITH of Washington. Mr. Chair, I reserve the balance of my time.
  Mr. THORNBERRY. Mr. Chair, I yield 2 minutes to the gentleman from 
Oklahoma (Mr. Bridenstine), who is a member of the committee and who 
also continues to be active in the Air National Guard.
  Mr. BRIDENSTINE. I thank the chairman.
  Mr. Chair, this defense authorization makes a huge down payment on 
the readiness of our forces.
  As a combat veteran, I have participated in the inter-deployment 
training cycles that are getting ready to deploy. I have seen the force 
regeneration process. I have seen it during good times, and I have seen 
it during bad times.
  Personally, as a Navy reservist, most recently, I saw a very steep 
decline in readiness when my squadron got eliminated. The VAW-77, the 
Nightwolves, got completely eliminated when I was a Navy reservist. We 
busted about $2 billion worth of cocaine every year on the high seas. 
Now that cocaine comes into the country, and $2 billion worth of cash 
funds transnational criminal organizations in northern Mexico and in 
Central and South America. That is what happens when we have defense 
cuts the way we have had recently.
  In fact, I will tell you that our remaining forces still face 
significant shortfalls and disruptions to time-tested training and 
deployment cycles. The OPTEMPO back home is almost more intense than an 
overseas deployment,

[[Page H2465]]

but the resources are simply not available. Pilots are flying the bare 
minimum flight hours to stay qualified, and our maintainers and our 
depots can't keep up. As a warfighter, I can attest that this will 
break our force.
  The important thing about this bill, this defense authorization--and, 
Mr. Chairman, it is why I am so grateful for your leadership and the 
bipartisan support that we had from the ranking member, Mr. Smith--is 
it makes a huge down payment on the readiness that is required to make 
sure that the force we have remaining is not hollow, which is 
critically important to the national security of this country.
  I urge my colleagues to support this bill.
  Mr. SMITH of Washington. Mr. Chair, I reserve the balance of my time.
  Mr. THORNBERRY. Mr. Chair, I yield 1 minute to the distinguished 
gentlewoman from New York (Ms. Stefanik), the vice chairman of the 
Subcommittee on Readiness.
  Ms. STEFANIK. Mr. Chair, I am proud of the bipartisan work of the 
House Committee on Armed Services on the FY17 National Defense 
Authorization Act.
  This legislation takes important steps to strengthen our defense 
capabilities, and it gives our Armed Forces the resources they need to 
keep us safe. Importantly, this bill works to stop the funding gaps 
that are harming our military's readiness, and it includes a much-
deserved pay raise for our troops.
  This bill contains an important initiative to ensure our land forces 
will not be depleted as well as including some of my own initiatives--
the creation of a DOD social media cell to counter radical online 
recruitment and maintain the edge in a 21st century battlefield. It 
also includes the development of joint directed energy capabilities 
between the United States and Israel.
  I am proud to support this legislation, which passed in committee by 
a bipartisan vote of 60-2, and I urge my colleagues to vote in favor of 
this vital bill on the floor.
  The CHAIR. The gentleman from Washington has 10 minutes remaining, 
and the gentleman from Texas has 4 minutes remaining.
  Mr. SMITH of Washington. Mr. Chair, I yield myself the balance of my 
time.

  I want to reiterate some of the points that were made during the 
debate in the beginning of how important this bill is.
  We do have many national security needs. I know you see the size of 
the Department of Defense's budget, and there are certainly ways we can 
save money. I think we have done that with acquisition reform and with 
some of the other reforms that are contained in this bill.
  It is also important to understand the threats that we face in the 
world--the continuing threat of terrorism and the continuing threats 
from nations like Russia, Iran, North Korea, and China. We need to be 
prepared to counter those threats if we are going to have a peaceful 
and stable world.
  Nonetheless, I think we still have the budget problem that I alluded 
to earlier, and that is that we do not have the money that we would 
like to have. It is not just for defense; it is for a lot of domestic 
priorities as well. In the way this bill is set up, it creates the 
possibility that we will take an additional $18 billion for defense.
  How does that balance against our other priorities?
  We have to figure out how to make our budget balance and meet the 
priorities domestically while also meeting the national security 
priorities because our infrastructure is critical to our national 
security as well. We have to remain strong economically as a country.
  In addition to that, it is not just the Department of Defense that 
provides for our security. There is the Department of Homeland 
Security, certainly, in the intelligence budget; the Department of 
Treasury; the Department of Justice. A lot of pieces to that puzzle are 
necessary, and they all get shortchanged if we don't take into account 
their needs as well.
  Mr. Chair, I yield back the balance of my time.
  Mr. THORNBERRY. Mr. Chair, I yield myself the balance of my time.
  As usual, I largely agree with many of the comments made by Mr. 
Smith. I think he is exactly right when he discusses the many complex, 
dangerous threats that face the United States at this point. I think he 
is also right that we all have to put the Federal budget--but 
especially the military budget--on a more stable, predictable footing. 
I absolutely agree with him on those points.
  At the same time, we have an immediate need, one in which lives are 
at stake. Mr. Chair, let me just offer the fact that the Air Force is 
currently short 4,000 maintainers and more than 700 pilots.
  Another fact: in fiscal year 2015, the Navy had a backlog of 11 
planes in depot. In fiscal year 2017, they are going to have 278 planes 
backlogged in the Navy depots. Less than one-third of the Army is now 
ready to meet the requirements of the defense strategic guidance.
  We can't just turn away and say: Oh, we don't like this budget 
approach, so we are willing to live with all of those problems.
  We have to deal with them. That is what this bill tries to do.
  Mr. Chair, by the way, if we take away the $18 billion that we try to 
put to readiness issues, then a lot of the things that the Members have 
asked for go away.
  I have before me, for example, a letter that has been signed by a 
number of House and Senate Members who ask for new Black Hawks this 
year. The fact is the President did not request any Black Hawks in his 
budget request. Currently, too many of our military folks are flying 
Black Hawks that were made in 1979. They can't get the parts for them. 
They can't even fly them in a lot of the circumstances because of the 
restrictions on these helicopters. So we look to the Army's unfunded 
requirements' list of the things they would like to have had that were 
stripped out by the administration, and we put into this bill 36 new 
Black Hawks. That is the way you deal with a lot of these readiness 
problems, is you replace the 1979 helicopter with a 2016 helicopter. We 
do that in this bill, but if we take away the approach that we have 
here to meet the readiness requirements, all of those Black Hawks go 
away.
  I also have letters from Members who ask for the third littoral 
combat ship. We were only able to do that because of the $18 billion. I 
have a letter signed by a number of Members to increase the U.S.-
Israeli cooperative missile defense. Again, if our approach is not 
used, which some people on the other side are critical of, that funding 
goes away. It doesn't just come out of the air.
  Mr. Chair, my point is we have an immediate problem. This bill tries 
to deal with the immediate problem that is affecting the men and women 
who serve our country today. Is it perfect? Of course not, but I have 
yet to hear of a better alternative that meets these needs and can pass 
the House.
  Mr. Chair, just to reiterate, the other point is this is exactly the 
same approach that was used in the last administration. It is curious 
to me that some people who wanted to give President Obama a chance of a 
fresh look of the deployments which he found when he came into office 
now want to deny the same possibility for the next President, whoever 
he or she may be. We take exactly the approach that was used under 
Speaker Pelosi and Majority Leader Harry Reid in 2008, and we apply it 
to the next transition. I think that is what makes sense because that 
is what enables us to deal today with the readiness problems that 
threaten our military. I hope all Members will support this bill.
  I yield back the balance of my time.
  Mr. THORNBERRY. Mr. Chair, I ask that the following exchange of 
letters be submitted on H.R. 4909:
         Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure, House of 
           Representatives,
                                   Washington, DC, April 28, 2016.
     Hon. William M. ``Mac'' Thornberry,
     Chairman, Committee on Armed Services, House of 
         Representatives, Washington, DC.
       Dear Chairman Thornberry: I write concerning H.R. 4909, the 
     National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017, as 
     amended. There are certain provisions in the legislation that 
     fall within the Rule X jurisdiction of the Committee on 
     Transportation and Infrastructure.
       However, in order to expedite this legislation for Floor 
     consideration, the Committee will forgo action on this bill. 
     This, of course, is conditional on our mutual understanding 
     that forgoing consideration of the bill does

[[Page H2466]]

     not prejudice the Committee with respect to the appointment 
     of conferees or to any future jurisdictional claim over the 
     subject matters contained in the bill or similar legislation 
     that fall within the Committee's Rule X jurisdiction. I 
     request you urge the Speaker to name members of the Committee 
     to any conference committee named to consider such 
     provisions.
       Please place a copy of this letter and your response 
     acknowledging our jurisdictional interest into the committee 
     report on H.R. 4909 and into the Congressional Record during 
     consideration of the measure on the House floor.
           Sincerely,
                                                     Bill Shuster,
     Chairman.
                                  ____

                                      Committee on Armed Services,


                                     House of Representatives,

                                      Washington, DC, May 3, 2016.
     Hon. Bill Shuster,
     Chairman, Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure, 
         House of Representatives, Washington, DC.
       Dear Mr. Chairman: Thank you for your letter regarding H.R. 
     4909, the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 
     2017. I agree that the Committee on Transportation and 
     Infrastructure has valid jurisdictional claims to certain 
     provisions in this important legislation, and I am most 
     appreciative of your decision not to request a referral in 
     the interest of expediting consideration of the bill. I agree 
     that by foregoing a sequential referral, the Committee on 
     Transportation and Infrastructure is not waiving its 
     jurisdiction. Further, this exchange of letters will be 
     included in the committee report on the bill.
           Sincerely,
                                    William M. ``Mac'' Thornberry,
     Chairman.
                                  ____

         House of Representatives, Committee on Oversight and 
           Government Reform,
                                   Washington, DC, April 28, 2016.
     Hon. William M. ``Mac'' Thornberry,
     Chairman, Committee on Armed Services, House of 
         Representatives, Washington, DC.
       Dear Mr. Thornberry: I am writing to you concerning the 
     jurisdictional interest of the Committee on Oversight and 
     Government Reform in matters being considered in H.R. 4909, 
     the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017.
       Our committee recognizes the importance of H.R. 4909 and 
     the need for the legislation to move expeditiously. 
     Therefore, while we have a valid claim to jurisdiction over 
     the bill, I do not intend to request a sequential referral. 
     This, of course, is conditional on our mutual understanding 
     that nothing in this legislation or my decision to forego a 
     sequential referral waives, reduces, or otherwise affects the 
     jurisdiction of the Committee on Oversight and Government 
     Reform, and that a copy of this letter and your response 
     acknowledging our jurisdictional interest will be included in 
     the Committee Report and as part of the Congressional Record 
     during consideration of this bill by the House.
       The Committee on Oversight and Government Reform also asks 
     that you support our request to be conferees on the 
     provisions over which we have jurisdiction during any House-
     Senate conference.
       Thank you for your consideration in this matter.
           Sincerely,
                                                   Jason Chaffetz,
     Chairman.
                                  ____

                                         House of Representatives,


                                  Committee on Armed Services,

                                      Washington, DC, May 3, 2016.
     Hon. Jason Chaffetz,
     Chairman, Committee on Oversight and Government Reform, House 
         of Representatives, Washington, DC.
       Dear Mr. Chairman: Thank you for your letter regarding H.R. 
     4909, the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 
     2017. I agree that the Committee on Oversight and Government 
     Reform has valid jurisdictional claims to certain provisions 
     in this important legislation, and I am most appreciative of 
     your decision not to request a referral in the interest of 
     expediting consideration of the bill. I agree that by 
     foregoing a sequential referral, the Committee on Oversight 
     and Government Reform is not waiving its jurisdiction. 
     Further, this exchange of letters will be included in the 
     committee report on the bill.
           Sincerely,
                                    William M. ``Mac'' Thornberry,
     Chairman.
                                  ____

         House of Representatives, Committee on Science, Space, 
           and Technology,
                                   Washington, DC, April 28, 2016.
     Hon. William M. ``Mac'' Thornberry,
     Chairman, Committee on Armed Services,
     House of Representatives, Washington, DC.
       Dear Mr. Chairman: I am writing concerning H.R. 4909, the 
     ``National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017,'' 
     which your Committee ordered reported on April 28, 2016.
       H.R. 4909 contains provisions within the Committee on 
     Science, Space, and Technology's Rule X jurisdiction. As a 
     result of your having consulted with the Committee and in 
     order to expedite this bill for floor consideration, the 
     Committee on Science, Space, and Technology will forego 
     action on the bill. This is being done on the basis of our 
     mutual understanding that doing so will in no way diminish or 
     alter the jurisdiction of the Committee on Science, Space, 
     and Technology with respect to the appointment of conferees, 
     or to any future jurisdictional claim over the subject 
     matters contained in the bill or similar legislation.
       I would appreciate your response to this letter confirming 
     this understanding, and would request that you include a copy 
     of this letter and your response in the Congressional Record 
     during the floor consideration of this bill. Thank you in 
     advance for your cooperation.
           Sincerely,
                                                      Lamar Smith,
     Chairman.
                                  ____

                                         House of Representatives,


                                  Committee on Armed Services,

                                      Washington, DC, May 3, 2016.
     Hon. Lamar Smith,
     Chairman, Committee on Science, Space, and Technology, House 
         of Representatives, Washington, DC.
       Dear Mr. Chairman: Thank you for your letter regarding H.R. 
     4909, the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 
     2017. I agree that the Committee on Science, Space, and 
     Technology has valid jurisdictional claims to certain 
     provisions in this important legislation, and I am most 
     appreciative of your decision not to request a referral in 
     the interest of expediting consideration of the bill. I agree 
     that by foregoing a sequential referral, the Committee on 
     Science, Space, and Technology is not waiving its 
     jurisdiction. Further, this exchange of letters will be 
     included in the committee report on the bill.
           Sincerely,
                                    William M. ``Mac'' Thornberry,
     Chairman.
                                  ____

                                         House of Representatives,


                                  Committee on Small Business,

                                   Washington, DC, April 28, 2016.
     Hon. William M. ``Mac'' Thornberry,
     Chairman, Committee on Armed Services, House of 
         Representatives, Washington, DC.
       Dear Chairman Thornberry: I am writing to you concerning 
     the bill H.R. 4909, the National Defense Authorization Act 
     for Fiscal Year 2017. There are certain provisions in the 
     legislation which fall within the jurisdiction of the 
     Committee on Small Business pursuant to Rule X(q) of the 
     House of Representatives.
       In the interest of permitting the Committee on Armed 
     Services to proceed expeditiously to floor consideration of 
     this important bill, I am willing to waive the right of the 
     Committee on Small Business to sequential referral. I do so 
     with the understanding that by waiving consideration of the 
     bill, the Committee on Small Business does not waive any 
     future jurisdictional claim over the subject matters 
     contained in the bill which fall within its Rule X(q) 
     jurisdiction, including future bills that the Committee on 
     Armed Services will consider.
       I request that you urge the Speaker to appoint members of 
     this Committee to any conference committee which is named to 
     consider such provisions. Please place this letter into the 
     committee report on H.R. 4909 and into the Congressional 
     Record during consideration of the measure on the House 
     floor.
       Thank you for the cooperative spirit in which you have 
     worked regarding this issue and others between our respective 
     committees. If you have any questions, please contact Jan 
     Oliver, Chief Counsel to the Committee.
           Sincerely,
                                                     Steve Chabot,
     Chairman.
                                  ____

                                      Committee on Armed Services,


                                     House of Representatives,

                                      Washington, DC, May 3, 2016.
     Hon. Steve Chabot,
     Chairman, Committee on Small Business, House of 
         Representatives, Washington, DC.
       Dear Mr. Chairman: Thank you for your letter regarding H.R. 
     4909, the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 
     2017. I agree that the Committee on Small Business has valid 
     jurisdictional claims to certain provisions in this important 
     legislation, and I am most appreciative of your decision not 
     to request a referral in the interest of expediting 
     consideration of the bill. I agree that by foregoing a 
     sequential referral, the Committee on Small Business is not 
     waiving its jurisdiction. Further, this exchange of letters 
     will be included in the committee report on the bill.
           Sincerely,
                                    William M. ``Mac'' Thornberry,
                                                         Chairman.
  Ms. JACKSON LEE. Mr. Chair, I rise to speak on House consideration of 
the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017.
  I thank Chairman Thornberry and Ranking Member Smith and the Armed 
Services Committee for their work on the National Defense Authorization 
Act for Fiscal Year 2015.
  As a senior member of the House Committee on Homeland Security, I 
take our role in Congress as stewards of our nation's security 
seriously.
  I offer my thanks and appreciation to the men and women of the armed 
services who place themselves in harm's way each day for the safety and 
security of our nation's people.
  The National Defense Authorization Act's purpose is to address the 
threats our nation

[[Page H2467]]

must deal with not just today, but into the future. This makes our work 
vital to our national interest and it should reflect our strong 
commitment to ensure that the men and women of our Armed Services 
receive the benefits and support that they deserve for their faithful 
service.
  This is the 54th consecutive National Defense Authorization Act, 
which speaks to the long term commitment of the Congress and successive 
Administrations to provide for National Defense.
  This bill encompasses a number of initiatives designed to confront 
the military challenges posed by violent extremism, terrorists engaging 
in ground wars, making more efficient the work of protecting America, 
addresses the medical health needs of men and women in the armed 
services, and extends economic and education opportunity to small 
minority and women owned businesses.
  We do live in a dangerous world, where threats are not always easily 
identifiable, and our enemies are not bound by borders.
  Boko Haram, ISIL, and Al Shabaab remind us of how fragile our 
nation's security could be without a well trained and equipped 
military.
  I appreciate the House Armed Services Committee's continued support 
of our national defense and support a number of provisions in H.R. 
1735, the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year (FY) 2016, 
such as authorities that support ongoing operations.
  The Administration also appreciates much of the work of the 
committee, but is expressing strong objections because the bill: 
Redirects $18 billion in funding intended for use in defeating ISIL to 
base budget programs; Extends operations at Guantanamo Bay, Cuba; 
Increases costs of the TRICARE administration; Prohibits the retiring 
or inactivation of Ticonderoga-Class cruisers or dock landing ships; 
Reduces by $250 million the Counterterrorism Partnership Fund; Bars the 
administration from making sure that companies that break United States 
labor laws are not rewarded; Prohibition on the use of funds for 
Countering Weapons of Mass Production; and Eliminates for the 
Department of Defense's Joint Urgent Operational Needs Fund.
  Although the Administration points out areas of agreement with the 
Committee, the Administration strongly objects to several provisions in 
the bill.
  The opportunity to amend the bill will offer an opportunity to 
address these and other Administration concerns that will improve the 
bill.
  Congress should authorize sufficient funding for our military's 
priorities, and avoid using the Overseas Contingency Operations (OCO) 
funding in ways that leaders of both parties over the years have made 
clear is inappropriate.
  The final bill considered by the Congress should adopt many of the 
needed force structure and weapons system reforms that have been 
identified by military leaders and experts.
  As written the President's senior advisors would recommend that he 
veto this bill.
  It is my hope that the Rules Committee will make in order a number of 
perfecting amendments for consideration under the Rule for H.R. 4909.
  I have amendments that have been offered for consideration of H.R. 
4909.
  Let me discuss briefly the amendments I offered that were adopted by 
the House and included in the final version of the bill.
  Jackson Lee Amendment Number 1 calls for increased collaboration with 
NIH to combat Triple Negative Breast Cancer.
  Jackson Lee Amendment Number 2 provides authorization for $2.5 
million increase in funding to combat post-traumatic stress disorder 
(PTSD).
  Jackson Lee Amendment Number 3 condemns the actions of Boko Haram and 
urges the Commander-in-Chief to ensure accountability for crimes 
against humanity committed by Boko Haram against the Nigerian people.
  Jackson Lee Amendment Number 4 authorizes the Secretary of Defense to 
work with local security partners in facilitating the provision of 
security at civilian nuclear research centers in educational 
institutions to ascertain that nuclear weapons do not end up in the 
hands of terrorists, in promotion of the United States' and its allies' 
security interests.
  Jackson Lee Amendment Number 5 authorizes the Secretary of Defense to 
work with local and international security partners, innovators, law 
enforcement, and other civil society organizations in the provision of 
technical assistance for the creation, facilitation and implementation 
of a technological app designed to enable the location, protection and 
tracking of missing persons, refugees, returnees and internally 
displaced persons.
  Jackson Lee Amendment Number 6 directs Secretary of the Navy to 
submit report to Congress on the feasibility of applying desalinization 
technologies to provide drought relief in areas impacted by sharp 
declines in water availability for both military as well as civilian 
purposes.
  Jackson Lee Amendment Number 7 authorizes the Secretary of Defense to 
provide technical assistance to local and international security 
partners in the provision of security and protection for activists and 
civil society organizations advocating for and promoting freedom of 
religion, education, press expression and personal expression.
  Jackson Lee Amendment Number 8 directs Secretary of Defense to 
conduct study and submit to Congress report regarding the awarding of 
secret and top secret security clearances to better understand the 
process for awarding clearances in effective and fair.
  Jackson Lee Amendment Number 9 requires outreach for small business 
concerns owned and controlled by women and minorities required before 
conversation of certain functions to contractor performance.
  Jackson Lee Amendment Number 10 expresses the sense of Congress 
regarding the importance of increasing the effectiveness of the 
Northern Command (``NORTHCOM'') in fulfilling its critical mission of 
protecting the U.S. homeland in event of war and to provide support to 
local, state, and federal authorities in times of national emergency.
  Jackson Lee Amendment Number 11 requires the Government 
Accountability Office to include in its annual report to Congress a 
list of the most common grounds for sustaining protests related to bids 
for contracts.
  Jackson Lee Amendment Number 12 directs the Secretary of Defense to 
report to Congress on the Department's ability to support the rapid 
development, production and deployment of vaccines or treatments of 
emerging tropical diseases, like the Zika and Ebola viruses, to protect 
the men and women of the armed forces and their families.
  We must continue to direct our efforts as a body to ensure that our 
troops remain the best equipped and prepared military force in the 
world. They are not just soldiers they are sons and daughters, husbands 
and wives, brothers and sisters--they are some of the people we 
represent as members of Congress.
  Support of our men and women in uniform is a sacred obligation of 
Congress both to those who are at risk on battle fields and serving as 
the guard against threats around the world, but they are also those who 
have returned home from war.
  I look forward to the inclusion of the Jackson Lee Amendments and 
others that will improve the underlying bill.
  The CHAIR. All time for general debate has expired.
  Pursuant to the rule, the bill shall be considered for amendment 
under the 5-minute rule.
  In lieu of the amendment in the nature of a substitute recommended by 
the Committee on Armed Services, printed in the bill, an amendment in 
the nature of a substitute, consisting of the text of Rules Committee 
print 114-51, modified by the amendment printed in part A of House 
Report 114-569, shall be considered as adopted.
  The bill, as amended, shall be considered as the original bill for 
the purpose of further amendment under the 5-minute rule and shall be 
considered as read.
  The text of the bill, as amended, is as follows:

                               H.R. 4909

       Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of 
     the United States of America in Congress assembled,

     SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE.

       This Act may be cited as the ``National Defense 
     Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017''.

     SEC. 2. ORGANIZATION OF ACT INTO DIVISIONS; TABLE OF 
                   CONTENTS.

       (a) Divisions.--This Act is organized into five divisions 
     as follows:
       (1) Division A--Department of Defense Authorizations.
       (2) Division B--Military Construction Authorizations.
       (3) Division C--Department of Energy National Security 
     Authorizations and Other Authorizations.
       (4) Division D--Funding Tables.
       (5) Division E--Military Justice.
       (b) Table of Contents.--The table of contents for this Act 
     is as follows:

Sec. 1. Short title.
Sec. 2. Organization of Act into divisions; table of contents.
Sec. 3. Congressional defense committees.

            DIVISION A--DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE AUTHORIZATIONS

                          TITLE I--PROCUREMENT

              Subtitle A--Authorization of Appropriations

Sec. 101. Authorization of appropriations.

                       Subtitle B--Army Programs

Sec. 111. Multiyear procurement authority for AH-64E Apache 
              helicopters.
Sec. 112. Multiyear procurement authority for UH-60M and HH-60M Black 
              Hawk helicopters.
Sec. 113. Assessment of certain capabilities of the Department of the 
              Army.

                       Subtitle C--Navy Programs

Sec. 121. Procurement authority for aircraft carrier programs.
Sec. 122. Sense of Congress on aircraft carrier procurement schedules.
Sec. 123. Design and construction of LHA replacement ship designated 
              LHA 8.

[[Page H2468]]

Sec. 124. Design and construction of replacement dock landing ship 
              designated LX(R) or amphibious transport dock designated 
              LPD-29.
Sec. 125. Ship to shore connector program.
Sec. 126. Limitation on availability of funds for Littoral Combat Ship 
              or successor frigate.

                     Subtitle D--Air Force Programs

Sec. 131. Elimination of annual report on aircraft inventory.
Sec. 132. Repeal of requirement to preserve certain retired C-5 
              aircraft.
Sec. 133. Repeal of requirement to preserve certain retired F-117 
              aircraft.
Sec. 134. Prohibition on availability of funds for retirement of A-10 
              aircraft.
Sec. 135. Prohibition on availability of funds for retirement of Joint 
              Surveillance Target Attack Radar System aircraft.

       Subtitle E--Defense-wide, Joint, and Multiservice Matters

Sec. 141. Termination of quarterly reporting on use of combat mission 
              requirements funds.
Sec. 142. Fire suppressant and fuel containment standards for certain 
              vehicles.
Sec. 143. Report on Department of Defense munitions strategy for the 
              combatant commands.
Sec. 144. Comptroller General review of F-35 Lightning II aircraft 
              sustainment support.

         TITLE II--RESEARCH, DEVELOPMENT, TEST, AND EVALUATION

              Subtitle A--Authorization of Appropriations

Sec. 201. Authorization of appropriations.

    Subtitle B--Program Requirements, Restrictions, and Limitations

Sec. 211. Laboratory quality enhancement program.
Sec. 212. Mechanisms to provide funds for defense laboratories for 
              research and development of technologies for military 
              missions.
Sec. 213. Notification requirement for certain rapid prototyping, 
              experimentation, and demonstration activities.
Sec. 214. Improved biosafety for handling of select agents and toxins.
Sec. 215. Modernization of security clearance information technology 
              architecture.
Sec. 216. Prohibition on availability of funds for countering weapons 
              of mass destruction system Constellation.
Sec. 217. Limitation on availability of funds for Defense Innovation 
              Unit Experimental.
Sec. 218. Limitation on availability of funds for Tactical Combat 
              Training System Increment II.
Sec. 219. Restructuring of the distributed common ground system of the 
              Army.
Sec. 220. Designation of Department of Defense senior official with 
              principal responsibility for directed energy weapons.

                 Subtitle C--Reports and Other Matters

Sec. 231. Strategy for assured access to trusted microelectronics.
Sec. 232. Pilot program on evaluation of commercial information 
              technology.
Sec. 233. Pilot program for the enhancement of the laboratories and 
              test and evaluation centers of the Department of Defense.
Sec. 234. Pilot program on modernization of electromagnetic spectrum 
              warfare systems and electronic warfare systems.
Sec. 235. Independent review of F/A-18 physiological episodes and 
              corrective actions.
Sec. 236. Study on helicopter crash prevention and mitigation 
              technology.
Sec. 237. Report on electronic warfare capabilities.

                  TITLE III--OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE

              Subtitle A--Authorization of Appropriations

Sec. 301. Authorization of appropriations.

                   Subtitle B--Energy and Environment

Sec. 311. Rule of construction regarding alternative fuel procurement 
              requirement.

                 Subtitle C--Logistics and Sustainment

Sec. 321. Pilot program for inclusion of certain industrial plants in 
              the Armament Retooling and Manufacturing Support 
              Initiative.
Sec. 322. Private sector port loading assessment.
Sec. 323. Limitation on availability of funds for Defense Contract 
              Management Agency.

                          Subtitle D--Reports

Sec. 331. Modification of annual Department of Defense energy 
              management reports.
Sec. 332. Report on equipment purchased from foreign entities and 
              authority to adjust Army arsenal labor rates.

                       Subtitle E--Other Matters

Sec. 341. Explosive Ordnance Disposal Corps.
Sec. 342. Explosive ordnance disposal program.
Sec. 343. Expansion of definition of structures interfering with air 
              commerce and national defense.
Sec. 344. Development of personal protective equipment for female 
              Marines and soldiers.
Sec. 345. Study on space-available travel system of the Department of 
              Defense.
Sec. 346. Supply of specialty motors from certain manufacturers.
Sec. 347. Limitation on use of certain funds until establishment and 
              implementation of required process by which members of 
              the Armed Forces may carry appropriate firearms on 
              military installations.

              TITLE IV--MILITARY PERSONNEL AUTHORIZATIONS

                       Subtitle A--Active Forces

Sec. 401. End strengths for active forces.
Sec. 402. Revisions in permanent active duty end strength minimum 
              levels.

                       Subtitle B--Reserve Forces

Sec. 411. End strengths for Selected Reserve.
Sec. 412. End strengths for reserves on active duty in support of the 
              reserves.
Sec. 413. End strengths for military technicians (dual status).
Sec. 414. Fiscal year 2017 limitation on number of non-dual status 
              technicians.
Sec. 415. Maximum number of reserve personnel authorized to be on 
              active duty for operational support.
Sec. 416. Sense of Congress on full-time support for the Army National 
              Guard.

              Subtitle C--Authorization of Appropriations

Sec. 421. Military personnel.

                   TITLE V--MILITARY PERSONNEL POLICY

                  Subtitle A--Officer Personnel Policy

Sec. 501. Number of Marine Corps general officers.
Sec. 502. Equal consideration of officers for early retirement or 
              discharge.
Sec. 503. Modification of authority to drop from rolls a commissioned 
              officer.

                Subtitle B--Reserve Component Management

Sec. 511. Extension of removal of restrictions on the transfer of 
              officers between the active and inactive National Guard.
Sec. 512. Extension of temporary authority to use Air Force reserve 
              component personnel to provide training and instruction 
              regarding pilot training.
Sec. 513. Limitations on ordering Selected Reserve to active duty for 
              preplanned missions in support of the combatant commands.
Sec. 514. Exemption of military technicians (dual status) from civilian 
              employee furloughs.

                Subtitle C--General Service Authorities

Sec. 521. Technical correction to annual authorization for personnel 
              strengths.
Sec. 522. Entitlement to leave for adoption of child by dual military 
              couples.
Sec. 523. Revision of deployability rating system and planning reform.
Sec. 524. Expansion of authority to execute certain military 
              instruments.
Sec. 525. Technical correction to voluntary separation pay and 
              benefits.
Sec. 526. Annual notice to members of the Armed Forces regarding child 
              custody protections guaranteed by the Servicemembers 
              Civil Relief Act.
Sec. 527. Pilot program on consolidated Army recruiting.
Sec. 528. Application of military selective service registration and 
              conscription requirements to female citizens and 
              residents of the United States between the ages of 18 and 
              26.
Sec. 529. Parental leave for members of the Armed Forces.

  Subtitle D--Military Justice, Including Sexual Assault and Domestic 
                    Violence Prevention and Response

Sec. 541. Expedited reporting of child abuse and neglect to State Child 
              Protective Services.
Sec. 542. Extension of the requirement for annual report regarding 
              sexual assaults and coordination with release of family 
              advocacy report.
Sec. 543. Requirement for annual family advocacy program report 
              regarding child abuse and domestic violence.
Sec. 544. Improved Department of Defense prevention of and response to 
              hazing in the Armed Forces.
Sec. 545. Burdens of proof applicable to investigations and reviews 
              related to protected communications of members of the 
              Armed Forces and prohibited retaliatory actions.
Sec. 546. Improved investigation of allegations of professional 
              retaliation.

         Subtitle E--Member Education, Training, and Transition

Sec. 561.  Revision to quality assurance of certification programs and 
              standards.
Sec. 562. Establishment of ROTC cyber institutes at senior military 
              colleges.
Sec. 563. Military-to-mariner transition.
Sec. 564. Employment authority for civilian faculty at certain military 
              department schools.
Sec. 565. Revision of name on military service record to reflect change 
              in name of a member of the Army, Navy, Air Force, or 
              Marine Corps, after separation from the Armed Forces.
Sec. 566. Direct employment pilot program for members of the National 
              Guard and Reserve.
Sec. 567. Prohibition on establishment, maintenance, or support of 
              Senior Reserve Officers' Training Corps units at 
              educational institutions that display Confederate battle 
              flag.

[[Page H2469]]

Subtitle F--Defense Dependents' Education and Military Family Readiness 
                                Matters

Sec. 571. Continuation of authority to assist local educational 
              agencies that benefit dependents of members of the Armed 
              Forces and Department of Defense civilian employees.
Sec. 572. Support for programs providing camp experience for children 
              of military families.

                   Subtitle G--Decorations and Awards

Sec. 581. Review regarding award of Medal of Honor to certain Asian 
              American and Native American Pacific Islander war 
              veterans.
Sec. 582. Authorization for award of medals for acts of valor.
Sec. 583. Authorization for award of the Medal of Honor to Gary M. Rose 
              for acts of valor during the Vietnam War.
Sec. 584. Authorization for award of the Medal of Honor to Charles S. 
              Kettles for acts of valor during the Vietnam War.

          Subtitle H--Miscellaneous Reports and Other Matters

Sec. 591. Burial of cremated remains in Arlington National Cemetery of 
              certain persons whose service is deemed to be active 
              service.
Sec. 592. Representation from members of the Armed Forces on boards, 
              councils, and committees making recommendations relating 
              to military personnel issues.
Sec. 593. Body mass index test.
Sec. 594. Preseparation counseling regarding options for donating brain 
              tissue at time of death for research.
Sec. 595. Recognition of the expanded service opportunities available 
              to female members of the Armed Forces and the long 
              service of women in the Armed Forces.
Sec. 596. Sense of Congress regarding plight of male victims of 
              military sexual trauma.
Sec. 597. Sense of Congress regarding section 504 of title 10, United 
              States Code, on existing authority of the Department of 
              Defense to enlist individuals, not otherwise eligible for 
              enlistment, whose enlistment is vital to the national 
              interest.
Sec. 598. Protection of Second Amendment Rights of Military Families.
Sec. 599. Pilot program on advanced technology for alcohol abuse 
              prevention.

          TITLE VI--COMPENSATION AND OTHER PERSONNEL BENEFITS

                     Subtitle A--Pay and Allowances

Sec. 601. Annual adjustment of monthly basic pay.
Sec. 602. Extension of authority to provide temporary increase in rates 
              of basic allowance for housing under certain 
              circumstances.
Sec. 603. Prohibition on per diem allowance reductions based on the 
              duration of temporary duty assignment or civilian travel 
              .

           Subtitle B--Bonuses and Special and Incentive Pays

Sec. 611. One-year extension of certain bonus and special pay 
              authorities for reserve forces.
Sec. 612. One-year extension of certain bonus and special pay 
              authorities for health care professionals.
Sec. 613. One-year extension of special pay and bonus authorities for 
              nuclear officers.
Sec. 614. One-year extension of authorities relating to title 37 
              consolidated special pay, incentive pay, and bonus 
              authorities.
Sec. 615. One-year extension of authorities relating to payment of 
              other title 37 bonuses and special pays.
Sec. 616. Increase in maximum amount of aviation special pays for 
              flying duty.
Sec. 617. Conforming amendment to consolidation of special pay, 
              incentive pay, and bonus authorities.
Sec. 618. Technical and clerical amendments relating to 2008 
              consolidation of certain special pay authorities.
Sec. 619. Combat-related special compensation coordinating amendment.

       Subtitle C--Disability, Retired Pay, and Survivor Benefits

Sec. 621. Separation determinations for members participating in Thrift 
              Savings Plan.
Sec. 622. Continuation pay for full Thrift Savings Plan members who 
              have completed 8 to 12 years of service.
Sec. 623. Special survivor indemnity allowance.
Sec. 624. Equal benefits under Survivor Benefit Plan for survivors of 
              reserve component members who die in the line of duty 
              during inactive-duty training.
Sec. 625. Use of member's current pay grade and years of service, 
              rather than final retirement pay grade and years of 
              service, in a division of property involving disposable 
              retired pay.

    Subtitle D--Commissary and Nonappropriated Fund Instrumentality 
                        Benefits and Operations

Sec. 631. Protection and enhancement of access to and savings at 
              commissaries and exchanges.

   Subtitle E--Travel and Transportation Allowances and Other Matters

Sec. 641. Maximum reimbursement amount for travel expenses of members 
              of the Reserves attending inactive duty training outside 
              of normal commuting distances.
Sec. 642. Statute of limitations on Department of Defense recovery of 
              amounts owed to the United States by members of the 
              uniformed services, including retired and former members.

                   TITLE VII--HEALTH CARE PROVISIONS

        Subtitle A--Reform of TRICARE and Military Health System

Sec. 701. TRICARE Preferred and other TRICARE reform.
Sec. 702. Reform of administration of the Defense Health Agency and 
              military medical treatment facilities.
Sec. 703. Military medical treatment facilities.
Sec. 704. Access to urgent care under TRICARE program.
Sec. 705. Access to primary care clinics at military medical treatment 
              facilities.
Sec. 706. Incentives for value-based health under TRICARE program.
Sec. 707. Improvements to military-civilian partnerships to increase 
              access to health care and readiness.
Sec. 708. Joint Trauma System.
Sec. 709. Joint Trauma Education and Training Directorate.
Sec. 710. Improvements to access to health care in military medical 
              treatment facilities.
Sec. 711. Adoption of core quality performance metrics.
Sec. 712. Study on improving continuity of health care coverage for 
              Reserve Components.

                 Subtitle B--Other Health Care Benefits

Sec. 721. Provision of hearing aids to dependents of retired members.
Sec. 722. Extended TRICARE program coverage for certain members of the 
              National Guard and dependents during certain disaster 
              response duty.

                 Subtitle C--Health Care Administration

Sec. 731. Prospective payment of funds necessary to provide medical 
              care for the Coast Guard.

                 Subtitle D--Reports and Other Matters

Sec. 741. Mental health resources for members of the military services 
              at high risk of suicide.
Sec. 742. Research of chronic traumatic encephalopathy.
Sec. 743. Active oscillating negative pressure treatment.
Sec. 744. Long-term study on health of helicopter and tiltrotor pilots.
Sec. 745. Pilot program for prescription drug acquisition cost parity 
              in the TRICARE pharmacy benefits program.
Sec. 746. Study on display of wait times at urgent care clinics, 
              pharmacies, and emergency rooms of military medical 
              treatment facilities.
Sec. 747. Report on feasibility of including acupuncture and 
              chiropractic services for retirees under TRICARE program.
Sec. 748. Clarification of submission of reports on longitudinal study 
              on traumatic brain injury.

  TITLE VIII--ACQUISITION POLICY, ACQUISITION MANAGEMENT, AND RELATED 
                                MATTERS

Subtitle A--Amendments to General Contracting Authorities, Procedures, 
                            and Limitations

Sec. 801. Revision to authorities relating to Department of Defense 
              Test Resource Management Center.
Sec. 802. Amendments to restrictions on undefinitized contractual 
              actions.
Sec. 803. Revision to requirements relating to inventory method for 
              Department of Defense contracts for services.
Sec. 804. Procurement of personal protective equipment.
Sec. 805. Revision to effective date of senior executive benchmark 
              compensation for allowable cost limitations.
Sec. 806. Amendments related to detection and avoidance of counterfeit 
              electronic parts.
Sec. 807. Amendments to special emergency procurement authority.
Sec. 808. Compliance with domestic source requirements for footwear 
              furnished to enlisted members of the Armed Forces upon 
              their initial entry into the Armed Forces.
Sec. 809. Requirement for policies and standard checklist in 
              procurement of services.
Sec. 810. Extension of limitation on aggregate annual amount available 
              for contract services.

 Subtitle B--Provisions Relating to Major Defense Acquisition Programs

Sec. 811. Change in date of submission to Congress of Selected 
              Acquisition Reports.
Sec. 812. Amendments relating to independent cost estimation and cost 
              analysis.
Sec. 813.  Revisions to Milestone B determinations.
Sec. 814. Review and report on sustainment planning in the acquisition 
              process.
Sec. 815. Revision to distribution of annual report on operational test 
              and evaluation.

          Subtitle C--Provisions Relating to Commercial Items

Sec. 821. Revision to definition of commercial item.
Sec. 822. Market research for determination of price reasonableness in 
              acquisition of commercial items.

[[Page H2470]]

Sec. 823. Value analysis for the determination of price reasonableness.
Sec. 824. Clarification of requirements relating to commercial item 
              determinations.
Sec. 825. Pilot program for authority to acquire innovative commercial 
              items using general solicitation competitive procedures.

                       Subtitle D--Other Matters

Sec. 831. Review and report on the bid protest process.
Sec. 832. Review and report on indefinite delivery contracts.
Sec. 833. Review and report on contractual flow-down provisions.
Sec. 834. Review of anti-competitive specifications in information 
              technology acquisitions.
Sec. 835. Coast Guard major acquisition programs.
Sec. 836. Waiver of congressional notification for acquisition of 
              tactical missiles and munitions greater than quantity 
              specified in law.
Sec. 837. Closeout of old Department of the Navy contracts.
Sec. 838. Requirement that certain ship components be manufactured in 
              the national technology and industrial base.
Sec. 839. Department of Defense Acquisition Workforce Development Fund 
              determination adjustment.
Sec. 840. Amendment to prohibition on performance of non-defense audits 
              by Defense Contract Audit Agency to exempt audits for 
              National Nuclear Security Administration.
Sec. 841. Selection of service providers for auditing services and 
              audit readiness services.
Sec. 842. Modifications to the justification and approval process for 
              certain sole-source contracts for small business 
              concerns.

      TITLE IX--DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE ORGANIZATION AND MANAGEMENT

                  Subtitle A--Goldwater-Nichols Reform

Sec. 901. Sense of Congress on Goldwater-Nichols Reform.
Sec. 902. Repeal of Defense Strategy Review.
Sec. 903. Commission on the National Defense Strategy for the United 
              States.
Sec. 904. Reform of defense strategic and policy guidance.
Sec. 905. Reform of the national military strategy.
Sec. 906. Modification to independent study of national security 
              strategy formulation process.
Sec. 907. Term of office for the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff.
Sec. 908. Responsibilities of the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff 
              relating to operations.
Sec. 909. Assigned forces within the continental United States.
Sec. 910. Reduction in general officer and flag officer grades and 
              positions.
Sec. 911. Establishment of unified combatant command for cyber 
              operations.
Sec. 912. Revision of requirements relating to length of joint duty 
              assignments.
Sec. 913. Revision of definitions used for joint officer management.
Sec. 914.  Independent assessment of combatant command structure.

                       Subtitle B--Other Matters

Sec. 921. Modifications to corrosion report.
Sec. 922. Authority to employ civilian faculty members at Joint Special 
              Operations University.
Sec. 923. Guidelines for conversion of functions performed by civilian 
              or contractor personnel to performance by military 
              personnel.
Sec. 924. Public release by Inspectors General of reports of 
              misconduct.
Sec. 925. Modifications to requirements for accounting for members of 
              the Armed Forces and Department of Defense civilian 
              employees listed as missing.

          Subtitle C--Department of the Navy and Marine Corps

Sec. 931. Redesignation of the Department of the Navy as the Department 
              of the Navy and Marine Corps.
Sec. 932. Conforming amendments to title 10, United States Code.
Sec. 933. Other provisions of law and other references.
Sec. 934. Effective date.

                      TITLE X--GENERAL PROVISIONS

                     Subtitle A--Financial Matters

Sec. 1001. General transfer authority.
Sec. 1002. Requirement to transfer funds from Department of Defense 
              Acquisition Workforce Development Fund to the Treasury.

                  Subtitle B--Counter-Drug Activities

Sec. 1011. Extension of authority to provide additional support for 
              counter-drug activities of foreign governments.
Sec. 1012. Secretary of Defense review of curricula and program 
              structures of National Guard counterdrug schools.
Sec. 1013. Extension of authority to support unified counterdrug and 
              counterterrorism campaign in Colombia.

                Subtitle C--Naval Vessels and Shipyards

Sec. 1021. Definition of short-term work with respect to overhaul, 
              repair, or maintenance of naval vessels.
Sec. 1022. Warranty requirements for shipbuilding contracts.
Sec. 1023. National Sea-Based Deterrence Fund.
Sec. 1024. Availability of funds for retirement or inactivation of 
              Ticonderoga-class cruisers or dock landing ships.
Sec. 1025. Restrictions on the overhaul and repair of vessels in 
              foreign shipyards.

                      Subtitle D--Counterterrorism

Sec. 1031. Frequency of counterterrorism operations briefings.
Sec. 1032. Prohibition on use of funds for transfer or release of 
              individuals detained at United States Naval Station, 
              Guantanamo Bay, Cuba to the United States.
Sec. 1033. Prohibition on use of funds to construct or modify 
              facilities in the United States to house detainees 
              transferred from United States Naval Station, Guantanamo 
              Bay, Cuba.
Sec. 1034. Prohibition on use of funds for transfer or release to 
              certain countries of individuals detained at United 
              States Naval Station, Guantanamo Bay, Cuba.
Sec. 1035. Prohibition on use of funds for realignment of forces at or 
              closure of United States Naval Station, Guantanamo Bay, 
              Cuba.
Sec. 1036. Modification of congressional notification of sensitive 
              military operations.
Sec. 1037. Comprehensive strategy for detention of certain individuals.

         Subtitle E--Miscellaneous Authorities and Limitations

Sec. 1041. Expanded authority for transportation by the Department of 
              Defense of non-Department of Defense personnel and cargo.
Sec. 1042. Limitation on retirement, deactivation, or decommissioning 
              of mine countermeasures ships.
Sec. 1043. Extension of authority of Secretary of Transportation to 
              issue non-premium aviation insurance.
Sec. 1044. Evaluation of Navy alternate combination cover and unisex 
              combination cover.
Sec. 1045. Department of Defense protection of national security 
              spectrum.
Sec. 1046. Transportation on military aircraft on a space-available 
              basis for members and former members of the Armed Forces 
              with disabilities rated as total.
Sec. 1047. National Guard flyovers of public events.

                    Subtitle F--Studies and Reports

Sec. 1061. Temporary continuation of certain Department of Defense 
              reporting requirements.
Sec. 1062. Matters for inclusion in report on designation of countries 
              for which rewards may be paid under Department of Defense 
              rewards program.
Sec. 1063. Congressional notification of biological select agent and 
              toxin theft, loss, or release involving the Department of 
              Defense.
Sec. 1064. Report on service-provided support to United States special 
              operations forces.
Sec. 1065. Report on citizen security responsibilities in the Northern 
              Triangle of Central America.
Sec. 1066. Report on counterproliferation activities and programs.
Sec. 1067. Inclusion of ballistic missile defense information in annual 
              report on requirements of combatant commands.
Sec. 1068. Reviews by Department of Defense concerning national 
              security use of spectrum.
Sec. 1069. Annual report on personnel, training, and equipment 
              requirements for the non-Federalized National Guard to 
              support civilian authorities in prevention and response 
              to domestic disasters.

                       Subtitle G--Other Matters

Sec. 1081. Technical and clerical amendments.
Sec. 1082. Modification to support for non-Federal development and 
              testing of material for chemical agent defense.
Sec. 1083. Increase in maximum amount available for equipment, 
              services, and supplies provided for humanitarian demining 
              assistance.
Sec. 1084. Liquidation of unpaid credits accrued as a result of 
              transactions under a cross-servicing agreement.
Sec. 1085. Clarification of contracts covered by airlift service 
              provision.
Sec. 1086. National biodefense strategy.
Sec. 1087. Global Cultural Knowledge Network.
Sec. 1088. Modification of requirements relating to management of 
              military technicians.
Sec. 1089. Sense of Congress regarding Connecticut's Submarine Century.
Sec. 1090. LNG permitting certainty and transparency.
Sec. 1091. Sense of Congress regarding the reporting of the MV-22 
              mishap in Marana, Arizona, on April 8, 2000.
Sec. 1092. Transfer of surplus firearms to corporation for the 
              promotion of rifle practice and firearms safety.
Sec. 1093. Sense of Congress regarding the importance of Panama City, 
              Florida, to the history and future of the armed forces.
Sec. 1094. Protections relating to civil rights and disabilities.

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Sec. 1095. Nonapplicability of certain executive order to Department of 
              Defense and National Nuclear Security Administration.
Sec. 1096. Determination and disclosure of transportation costs 
              incurred by Secretary of Defense for congressional trips 
              outside the United States.
Sec. 1097. Waiver of certain polygraph examination requirements.

                  TITLE XI--CIVILIAN PERSONNEL MATTERS

Sec. 1101. Temporary direct hire authority for domestic defense 
              industrial base facilities and the Major Range and Test 
              Facilities Base.
Sec. 1102. Temporary personnel flexibilities for domestic defense 
              industrial base facilities and Major Range and Test 
              Facilities Base civilian personnel.
Sec. 1103. One-year extension of temporary authority to grant 
              allowances, benefits, and gratuities to civilian 
              personnel on official duty in a combat zone.
Sec. 1104. Advance payments for employees relocating within the United 
              States and its territories.
Sec. 1105. Permanent authority for alternative personnel program for 
              scientific and technical personnel.
Sec. 1106. Modification to information technology personnel exchange 
              program.
Sec. 1107. Treatment of certain localities for calculation of per diem 
              allowances.
Sec. 1108. Eligibility of employees in a time-limited appointment to 
              compete for a permanent appointment at any Federal 
              agency.
Sec. 1109. Limitation on administrative leave.
Sec. 1110. Record of investigation of personnel action in separated 
              employee's official personnel file.
Sec. 1111. Review of official personnel file of former Federal 
              employees before rehiring.

             TITLE XII--MATTERS RELATING TO FOREIGN NATIONS

                  Subtitle A--Assistance and Training

Sec. 1201. One-year extension of logistical support for coalition 
              forces supporting certain United States military 
              operations.
Sec. 1202. Extension of authority for training of general purpose 
              forces of the United States Armed Forces with military 
              and other security forces of friendly foreign countries.
Sec. 1203. Modification and extension of authority to conduct 
              activities to enhance the capability of foreign countries 
              to respond to incidents involving weapons of mass 
              destruction.
Sec. 1204. Extension of authority for support of special operations to 
              combat terrorism.
Sec. 1205. Modification and codification of reporting requirements 
              relating to security cooperation authorities.
Sec. 1206. Independent assessment of Department of Defense security 
              cooperation programs.

        Subtitle B--Matters Relating to Afghanistan and Pakistan

Sec. 1211. Extension and modification of Commanders' Emergency Response 
              Program.
Sec. 1212. Extension and modification of authority for reimbursement of 
              certain coalition nations for support provided to United 
              States military operations.
Sec. 1213. Extension of authority to acquire products and services 
              produced in countries along a major route of supply to 
              Afghanistan.
Sec. 1214. Extension of authority to transfer defense articles and 
              provide defense services to the military and security 
              forces of Afghanistan.
Sec. 1215. Sense of Congress on United States policy and strategy in 
              Afghanistan.
Sec. 1216. Special immigrant status for certain Afghans.

             Subtitle C--Matters Relating to Syria and Iraq

Sec. 1221. Modification and extension of authority to provide 
              assistance to the vetted Syrian opposition.
Sec. 1222. Modification and extension of authority to provide 
              assistance to counter the Islamic State of Iraq and the 
              Levant.
Sec. 1223. Extension and modification of authority to support 
              operations and activities of the Office of Security 
              Cooperation in Iraq.
Sec. 1224. Report on prevention of future terrorist organizations in 
              Iraq and Syria.
Sec. 1225. Semiannual report on integration of political and military 
              strategies against ISIL.

         Subtitle D--Matters Relating to the Russian Federation

Sec. 1231. Limitation on use of funds to approve or otherwise permit 
              approval of certain requests by Russian Federation under 
              Open Skies Treaty.
Sec. 1232. Military response options to Russian Federation violation of 
              INF Treaty.
Sec. 1233. Limitation on military cooperation between the United States 
              and the Russian Federation.
Sec. 1234. Statement of policy on United States efforts in Europe to 
              reassure United States partners and allies and deter 
              aggression by the Government of the Russian Federation.
Sec. 1235. Modification of Ukraine security assistance initiative.
Sec. 1236. Prohibition on availability of funds relating to sovereignty 
              of the Russian Federation over Crimea.
Sec. 1237. Modification and extension of report on military assistance 
              to Ukraine.
Sec. 1238. Additional matters in annual report on military and security 
              developments involving the Russian Federation.

                       Subtitle E--Other Matters

Sec. 1241. Sense of Congress on malign activities of the Government of 
              Iran.
Sec. 1242. Modification of annual report on military and security 
              developments involving the People's Republic of China.
Sec. 1243. Sense of Congress on trilateral cooperation between Japan, 
              South Korea, and the United States.
Sec. 1244. Sense of Congress on cooperation between Singapore and the 
              United States.
Sec. 1245. Monitoring and evaluation of overseas humanitarian, 
              disaster, and civic aid programs of the Department of 
              Defense.
Sec. 1246. Enhancement of interagency support during contingency 
              operations and transition periods.
Sec. 1247. Two-year extension and modification of authorization of non-
              conventional assisted recovery capabilities.
Sec. 1248. Authority to destroy certain specified World War II-era 
              United States-origin chemical munitions located on San 
              Jose Island, Republic of Panama.
Sec. 1249. Strategy for United States defense interests in Africa.
Sec. 1250. United States-Israel directed energy cooperation.
Sec. 1251. Sense of Congress on support for Estonia, Latvia, and 
              Lithuania.
Sec. 1252. Sense of Congress on support for Georgia.
Sec. 1253. Modification of annual report on military power of Iran.
Sec. 1254. Sense of Congress on senior military exchanges between the 
              United States and Taiwan.
Sec. 1255. Quarterly report on freedom of navigation operations.

  Subtitle F--Codification and Consolidation of Department of Defense 
                    Security Cooperation Authorities

Sec. 1261. Enactment of new chapter for Department of Defense security 
              cooperation authorities and transfer of certain 
              authorities to new chapter.

                TITLE XIII--COOPERATIVE THREAT REDUCTION

Sec. 1301. Specification of Cooperative Threat Reduction funds.
Sec. 1302. Funding allocations.
Sec. 1303. Limitation on availability of funds for Cooperative Threat 
              Reduction in People's Republic of China.

                    TITLE XIV--OTHER AUTHORIZATIONS

                     Subtitle A--Military Programs

Sec. 1401. Working capital funds.
Sec. 1402. National Defense Sealift Fund.
Sec. 1403. Chemical Agents and Munitions Destruction, Defense.
Sec. 1404. Drug Interdiction and Counter-Drug Activities, Defense-wide.
Sec. 1405. Defense Inspector General.
Sec. 1406. Defense Health Program.
Sec. 1407. National Sea-Based Deterrence Fund.

                 Subtitle B--National Defense Stockpile

Sec. 1411. Authority to dispose of certain materials from and to 
              acquire additional materials for the National Defense 
              Stockpile.
Sec. 1412. Revisions to the Strategic and Critical Materials Stock 
              Piling Act.

                       Subtitle C--Other Matters

Sec. 1421. Authority for transfer of funds to Joint Department of 
              Defense-Department of Veterans Affairs Medical Facility 
              Demonstration Fund for Captain James A. Lovell Health 
              Care Center, Illinois.
Sec. 1422. Authorization of appropriations for Armed Forces Retirement 
              Home.

   TITLE XV--AUTHORIZATION OF ADDITIONAL APPROPRIATIONS FOR OVERSEAS 
                         CONTINGENCY OPERATIONS

              Subtitle A--Authorization of Appropriations

Sec. 1501. Purpose and treatment of certain authorizations of 
              appropriations.
Sec. 1502. Procurement.
Sec. 1503. Research, development, test, and evaluation.
Sec. 1504. Operation and maintenance.
Sec. 1505. Military personnel.
Sec. 1506. Working capital funds.
Sec. 1507. Drug Interdiction and Counter-Drug Activities, Defense-wide.
Sec. 1508. Defense Inspector General.
Sec. 1509. Defense Health program.
Sec. 1510. Counterterrorism Partnerships Fund.

                     Subtitle B--Financial Matters

Sec. 1521. Treatment as additional authorizations.
Sec. 1522. Special transfer authority.

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          Subtitle C--Limitations, Reports, and Other Matters

Sec. 1531. Afghanistan Security Forces Fund.
Sec. 1532. Joint Improvised Explosive Device Defeat Fund.
Sec. 1533. Extension of authority to use Joint Improvised Explosive 
              Device Defeat Fund for training of foreign security 
              forces to defeat improvised explosive devices.

     TITLE XVI--STRATEGIC PROGRAMS, CYBER, AND INTELLIGENCE MATTERS

                      Subtitle A--Space Activities

Sec. 1601. Rocket propulsion system to replace RD-180.
Sec. 1602. Exception to the prohibition on contracting with Russian 
              suppliers of rocket engines for the evolved expendable 
              launch vehicle program.
Sec. 1603. Analysis of alternatives for wide-band communications.
Sec. 1604. Modification to pilot program for acquisition of commercial 
              satellite communication services.
Sec. 1605. Space-based environmental monitoring.
Sec. 1606. Prohibition on use of certain non-allied positioning, 
              navigation, and timing systems.
Sec. 1607. Limitation of availability of funds for the Joint Space 
              Operations Center Mission System.
Sec. 1608. Space-based infrared system and advanced extremely high 
              frequency program.
Sec. 1609. Plans on transfer of acquisition and funding authority of 
              certain weather missions to National Reconnaissance 
              Office.
Sec. 1610. Pilot program on commercial weather data.
Sec. 1611. Organization and management of national security space 
              activities of the Department of Defense.
Sec. 1612. Review of charter of Operationally Responsive Space Program 
              Office.
Sec. 1613. Backup and complementary positioning, navigation, and timing 
              capabilities of Global Positioning System.

  Subtitle B--Defense Intelligence and Intelligence-Related Activities

Sec. 1621. Limitation on availability of funds for intelligence 
              management.
Sec. 1622. Limitations on availability of funds for United States 
              Central Command Intelligence Fusion Center.
Sec. 1623. Limitation on availability of funds for Joint Intelligence 
              Analysis Complex.

                 Subtitle C--Cyberspace-Related Matters

Sec. 1631. Special emergency procurement authority to facilitate the 
              defense against or recovery from a cyber attack.
Sec. 1632. Change in name of National Defense University's Information 
              Resources Management College to College of Information 
              and Cyberspace.
Sec. 1633. Requirement to enter into agreements relating to use of 
              cyber opposition forces.
Sec. 1634. Limitation on availability of funds for cryptographic 
              systems and key management infrastructure.

                       Subtitle D--Nuclear Forces

Sec. 1641. Improvements to Council on Oversight of National Leadership 
              Command, Control, and Communications System.
Sec. 1642. Treatment of certain sensitive information by State and 
              local governments.
Sec. 1643. Procurement authority for certain parts of intercontinental 
              ballistic missile fuzes.
Sec. 1644. Prohibition on availability of funds for mobile variant of 
              ground-based strategic deterrent missile.
Sec. 1645. Limitation on availability of funds for extension of New 
              START Treaty.
Sec. 1646. Consolidation of nuclear command, control, and 
              communications functions of the Air Force.
Sec. 1647. Report on Russian and Chinese political and military 
              leadership survivability, command and control, and 
              continuity of government programs and activities.
Sec. 1648. Sense of Congress on importance of independent nuclear 
              deterrent of United Kingdom.

                  Subtitle E--Missile Defense Programs

Sec. 1651. Extensions of prohibitions relating to missile defense 
              information and systems.
Sec. 1652. Review of the missile defeat policy and strategy of the 
              United States.
Sec. 1653. Iron dome short-range rocket defense system and Israeli 
              cooperative missile defense program codevelopment and 
              coproduction.
Sec. 1654. Maximizing Aegis Ashore capability.
Sec. 1655. Technical authority for integrated air and missile defense 
              activities and programs.
Sec. 1656. Development and research of non-terrestrial missile defense 
              layer.
Sec. 1657. Hypersonic boost glide vehicle defense.
Sec. 1658. Limitation on availability of funds for Patriot lower tier 
              air and missile defense capability of the Army.
Sec. 1659. Limitation on availability of funds for conventional prompt 
              global strike weapons system.
Sec. 1660. Pilot program on loss of unclassified, controlled technical 
              information.
Sec. 1661. Review of Missile Defense Agency budget submissions for 
              ground-based midcourse defense and evaluation of 
              alternative ground-based interceptor deployments.
Sec. 1662. Declaratory policy, concept of operations, and employment 
              guidelines for left-of-launch capability.
Sec. 1663. Procurement of medium-range discrimination radar to improve 
              homeland missile defense.
Sec. 1664. Semiannual notifications on missile defense tests and costs.
Sec. 1665. National missile defense policy.
Sec. 1666. Sense of Congress on initial operating capability of phase 2 
              of European Phased Adaptive Approach to missile defense.

                       Subtitle F--Other Matters

Sec. 1671. Protection of certain facilities and assets from unmanned 
              aircraft.
Sec. 1672. Improvement of coordination by Department of Defense of 
              electromagnetic spectrum usage.

         TITLE XVII--DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE ACQUISITION AGILITY

Sec. 1701. Modular open system approach in development of major weapon 
              systems.
Sec. 1702. Development, prototyping, and deployment of weapon system 
              components or technology.
Sec. 1703. Cost, schedule, and performance of major defense acquisition 
              programs.
Sec. 1704. Transparency in major defense acquisition programs.
Sec. 1705. Amendments relating to technical data rights.

      TITLE XVIII--MATTERS RELATING TO SMALL BUSINESS PROCUREMENT

  Subtitle A--Improving Transparency and Clarity for Small Businesses

Sec. 1801. Plain language rewrite of requirements for small business 
              procurements.
Sec. 1802. Improving reporting on small business goals.
Sec. 1803. Transparency in small business goals.
Sec. 1804. Uniformity in procurement terminology.

      Subtitle B--Clarifying the Roles of Small Business Advocates

Sec. 1811. Scope of review by procurement center representatives.
Sec. 1812. Responsibilities of Commercial Market Representatives.
Sec. 1813. Duties of the Office of Small and Disadvantaged Business 
              Utilization.
Sec. 1814. Improving contractor compliance.
Sec. 1815. Responsibilities of Business Opportunity Specialists.

      Subtitle C--Strengthening Opportunities for Competition in 
                             Subcontracting

Sec. 1821. Good faith in subcontracting.
Sec. 1822. Pilot program to provide opportunities for qualified 
              subcontractors to obtain past performance ratings.

                  Subtitle D--Mentor-Protege Programs

Sec. 1831. Amendments to the Mentor-Protege Program of the Department 
              of Defense.
Sec. 1832. Improving cooperation between the mentor-protege programs of 
              the Small Business Administration and the Department of 
              Defense.

                 Subtitle E--Women's Business Programs

Sec. 1841. Office of Women's Business Ownership.
Sec. 1842. Women's Business Center Program.
Sec. 1843. Matching requirements under Women's Business Center Program.

                       Subtitle F--SCORE Program

Sec. 1851. SCORE Reauthorization.
Sec. 1852. SCORE program.

                  Subtitle G--Miscellaneous Provisions

Sec. 1861. Improving education on small business regulations.
Sec. 1862. Protecting task order competition.
Sec. 1863. Improvements to size standards for small agricultural 
              producers.
Sec. 1864. Uniformity in service-disabled veteran definitions.
Sec. 1865. Required reports pertaining to capital planning and 
              investment control.
Sec. 1866. Office of Hearings and Appeals.
Sec. 1867. Issuance of guidance on small business matters.

            DIVISION B--MILITARY CONSTRUCTION AUTHORIZATIONS

Sec. 2001. Short title.
Sec. 2002. Expiration of authorizations and amounts required to be 
              specified by law.
Sec. 2003. Effective date.

                 TITLE XXI--ARMY MILITARY CONSTRUCTION

Sec. 2101. Authorized Army construction and land acquisition projects.
Sec. 2102. Family housing.
Sec. 2103. Authorization of appropriations, Army.
Sec. 2104. Modification of authority to carry out certain fiscal year 
              2014 project.
Sec. 2105. Extension of authorizations of certain fiscal year 2013 
              projects.
Sec. 2106. Extension of authorizations of certain fiscal year 2014 
              projects.

                 TITLE XXII--NAVY MILITARY CONSTRUCTION

Sec. 2201. Authorized Navy construction and land acquisition projects.

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Sec. 2202. Family housing.
Sec. 2203. Improvements to military family housing units.
Sec. 2204. Authorization of appropriations, Navy.
Sec. 2205. Modification of authority to carry out certain fiscal year 
              2014 project.
Sec. 2206. Extension of authorizations of certain fiscal year 2013 
              projects.
Sec. 2207. Extension of authorizations of certain fiscal year 2014 
              projects.
Sec. 2208. Status of ``net negative'' policy regarding Navy acreage on 
              Guam.

              TITLE XXIII--AIR FORCE MILITARY CONSTRUCTION

Sec. 2301. Authorized Air Force construction and land acquisition 
              projects.
Sec. 2302. Family housing.
Sec. 2303. Improvements to military family housing units.
Sec. 2304. Authorization of appropriations, Air Force.
Sec. 2305. Modification of authority to carry out certain fiscal year 
              2016 project.
Sec. 2306. Extension of authorization of certain fiscal year 2013 
              project.
Sec. 2307. Extension of authorization of certain fiscal year 2014 
              project.
Sec. 2308. Restriction on acquisition of property in Northern Mariana 
              Islands.

           TITLE XXIV--DEFENSE AGENCIES MILITARY CONSTRUCTION

Sec. 2401. Authorized Defense Agencies construction and land 
              acquisition projects.
Sec. 2402. Authorized energy conservation projects.
Sec. 2403. Authorization of appropriations, Defense Agencies.
Sec. 2404. Modification of authority to carry out certain fiscal year 
              2014 project.
Sec. 2405. Extension of authorizations of certain fiscal year 2013 
              projects.
Sec. 2406. Extension of authorizations of certain fiscal year 2014 
              projects.

   TITLE XXV--NORTH ATLANTIC TREATY ORGANIZATION SECURITY INVESTMENT 
                                PROGRAM

Sec. 2501. Authorized NATO construction and land acquisition projects.
Sec. 2502. Authorization of appropriations, NATO.

            TITLE XXVI--GUARD AND RESERVE FORCES FACILITIES

 Subtitle A--Project Authorizations and Authorization of Appropriations

Sec. 2601. Authorized Army National Guard construction and land 
              acquisition projects.
Sec. 2602. Authorized Army Reserve construction and land acquisition 
              projects.
Sec. 2603. Authorized Navy Reserve and Marine Corps Reserve 
              construction and land acquisition projects.
Sec. 2604. Authorized Air National Guard construction and land 
              acquisition projects.
Sec. 2605. Authorized Air Force Reserve construction and land 
              acquisition projects.
Sec. 2606. Authorization of appropriations, National Guard and Reserve.

                       Subtitle B--Other Matters

Sec. 2611. Modification of authority to carry out certain fiscal year 
              2014 project.
Sec. 2612. Modification of authority to carry out certain fiscal year 
              2015 project.
Sec. 2613. Modification of authority to carry out certain fiscal year 
              2016 project.
Sec. 2614. Extension of authorization of certain fiscal year 2013 
              project.
Sec. 2615. Extension of authorizations of certain fiscal year 2014 
              projects.

          TITLE XXVII--BASE REALIGNMENT AND CLOSURE ACTIVITIES

Sec. 2701. Authorization of appropriations for base realignment and 
              closure activities funded through Department of Defense 
              base closure account.
Sec. 2702. Prohibition on conducting additional Base Realignment and 
              Closure (BRAC) round.

         TITLE XXVIII--MILITARY CONSTRUCTION GENERAL PROVISIONS

 Subtitle A--Military Construction Program and Military Family Housing

Sec. 2801. Modification of criteria for treatment of laboratory 
              revitalization projects as minor military construction 
              projects.
Sec. 2802. Classification of facility conversion projects as repair 
              projects.
Sec. 2803. Extension of temporary, limited authority to use operation 
              and maintenance funds for construction projects outside 
              the United States.
Sec. 2804. Extension of temporary authority for acceptance and use of 
              contributions for certain construction, maintenance, and 
              repair projects mutually beneficial to the Department of 
              Defense and Kuwait military forces.
Sec. 2805. Notice and reporting requirements for energy conservation 
              construction projects.
Sec. 2806. Additional entities eligible for participation in defense 
              laboratory modernization pilot program.

        Subtitle B--Real Property and Facilities Administration

Sec. 2811. Congressional notification for in-kind contributions for 
              overseas military construction projects.
Sec. 2812. Prohibition on use of military installations to house 
              unaccompanied alien children.
Sec. 2813. Allotment of space and provision of services to WIC offices 
              operating on military installations.
Sec. 2814. Sense of Congress regarding need to consult with State and 
              local officials prior to acquisitions of real property.
Sec. 2815. Sense of Congress regarding inclusion of stormwater systems 
              and components within the meaning of ``wastewater 
              system'' under the Department of Defense authority for 
              conveyance of utility systems.
Sec. 2816. Assessment of public schools on Department of Defense 
              installations.

   Subtitle C--Provision Related to Asia-Pacific Military Realignment

Sec. 2821. Limited exceptions to restriction on development of public 
              infrastructure in connection with realignment of Marine 
              Corps forces in Asia-Pacific region.

                      Subtitle D--Land Conveyances

Sec. 2831. Land conveyances, High Frequency Active Auroral Research 
              Program facility and adjacent property, Gakona, Alaska.
Sec. 2832. Land conveyance, Campion Air Force Radar Station, Galena, 
              Alaska.
Sec. 2833. Exchange of property interests, San Diego Unified Port 
              District, California.
Sec. 2834. Release of property interests retained in connection with 
              land conveyance, Eglin Air Force Base, Florida.
Sec. 2835. Land exchange, Fort Hood, Texas.
Sec. 2836. Land conveyance, P-36 Warehouse, Colbern United States Army 
              Reserve Center, Laredo, Texas.
Sec. 2837. Land conveyance, St. George National Guard Armory, St. 
              George, Utah.
Sec. 2838. Release of restrictions, Richland Innovation Center, 
              Richland, Washington.

                 Subtitle E--Military Land Withdrawals

Sec. 2841. Bureau of Land Management withdrawn military lands under 
              Military Lands Withdrawal Act of 1999.
Sec. 2842. Permanent withdrawal or transfer of administrative 
              jurisdiction of public land, Naval Air Weapons Station 
              China Lake, California.

         Subtitle F--Military Memorials, Monuments, and Museums

Sec. 2851. Cyber Center for Education and Innovation-Home of the 
              National Cryptologic Museum.
Sec. 2852. Renaming site of the Dayton Aviation Heritage National 
              Historical Park, Ohio.
Sec. 2853. Support for military service memorials and museums 
              highlighting role of women in the military.
Sec. 2854. Petersburg National Battlefield boundary modification.
Sec. 2855. Amendments to the National Historic Preservation Act.
Sec. 2856. Recognition of the National Museum of World War II Aviation.

               Subtitle G--Designations and Other Matters

Sec. 2861. Designation of portion of Moffett Federal Airfield, 
              California, as Moffett Air National Guard Base.
Sec. 2862. Redesignation of Mike O'Callaghan Federal Medical Center.
Sec. 2863. Transfer of certain items of the Omar Bradley Foundation to 
              the descendants of General Omar Bradley.
Sec. 2864. Protection and recovery of Greater Sage Grouse.
Sec. 2865. Implementation of lesser prairie-chicken range-wide 
              conservation plan and other conservation measures.
Sec. 2866. Removal of endangered species status for American burying 
              beetle.

   TITLE XXIX--OVERSEAS CONTINGENCY OPERATIONS MILITARY CONSTRUCTION

Sec. 2901. Authorized Navy construction and land acquisition projects.
Sec. 2902. Authorized Air Force construction and land acquisition 
              projects.
Sec. 2903. Authorization of appropriations.

  TITLE XXX--UTAH TEST AND TRAINING RANGE ENCROACHMENT PREVENTION AND 
                     TEMPORARY CLOSURE AUTHORITIES

Sec. 3001. Findings and definitions.

                Subtitle A--Utah Test and Training Range

Sec. 3011. Management of BLM land.
Sec. 3012. Temporary closures.
Sec. 3013. Community resource group.
Sec. 3014. Liability.
Sec. 3015. Effects of subtitle.

                       Subtitle B--Land Exchange

Sec. 3021. Findings and purpose.
Sec. 3022. Definitions.
Sec. 3023. Exchange of Federal land and non-Federal land.
Sec. 3024. Status and management of non-Federal land after exchange.
Sec. 3025. Hazardous materials.

                   Subtitle C--Highway Rights-of-way

Sec. 3031. Recognition and transfer of certain highway rights-of-way.

[[Page H2474]]

 DIVISION C--DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY NATIONAL SECURITY AUTHORIZATIONS AND 
                          OTHER AUTHORIZATIONS

      TITLE XXXI--DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY NATIONAL SECURITY PROGRAMS

         Subtitle A--National Security Programs Authorizations

Sec. 3101. National Nuclear Security Administration.
Sec. 3102. Defense environmental cleanup.
Sec. 3103. Other defense activities.
Sec. 3104. Nuclear energy.

   Subtitle B--Program Authorizations, Restrictions, and Limitations

Sec. 3111. Independent acquisition project reviews of capital assets 
              acquisition projects.
Sec. 3112. Research and development of advanced naval nuclear fuel 
              system based on low-enriched uranium.
Sec. 3113. Disposition of weapons-usable plutonium.
Sec. 3114. Design basis threat.
Sec. 3115. Prohibition on availability of funds for provision of 
              certain assistance to Russian Federation.
Sec. 3116. Limitation on availability of funds for Federal salaries and 
              expenses.
Sec. 3117. Limitation on availability of funds for defense 
              environmental cleanup program direction.
Sec. 3118. Limitation on availability of funds for acceleration of 
              nuclear weapons dismantlement.
Sec. 3119. Annual certification of shipments to Waste Isolation Pilot 
              Plant.

                     Subtitle C--Plans and Reports

Sec. 3121. Clarification of annual report and certification on status 
              of security of atomic energy defense facilities.
Sec. 3122. Annual report on service support contracts of the National 
              Nuclear Security Administration.
Sec. 3123. Repeal of certain reporting requirements.
Sec. 3124. Independent assessment of technology development under 
              defense environmental cleanup program.
Sec. 3125. Updated plan for verification and monitoring of 
              proliferation of nuclear weapons and fissile material.

          TITLE XXXII--DEFENSE NUCLEAR FACILITIES SAFETY BOARD

Sec. 3201. Authorization.

          TITLE XXXIII--NUCLEAR ENERGY INNOVATION CAPABILITIES

Sec. 3301. Short title.
Sec. 3302. Nuclear energy.
Sec. 3303. Nuclear energy research programs.
Sec. 3304. Advanced fuel cycle initiative.
Sec. 3305. University nuclear science and engineering support.
Sec. 3306. Department of Energy civilian nuclear infrastructure and 
              facilities.
Sec. 3307. Security of nuclear facilities.
Sec. 3308. High-performance computation and supportive research.
Sec. 3309. Enabling nuclear energy innovation.
Sec. 3310. Budget plan.
Sec. 3311. Conforming amendments.

                 TITLE XXXIV--NAVAL PETROLEUM RESERVES

Sec. 3401. Authorization of appropriations.

                  TITLE XXXV--MARITIME ADMINISTRATION

Sec. 3501. Authorization of the Maritime Administration.
Sec. 3502. Authority to make pro rata annual payments under operating 
              agreements for vessels participating in Maritime Security 
              Fleet.
Sec. 3503. Authority to extend certain age restrictions relating to 
              vessels in the Maritime Security Fleet.
Sec. 3504. Corrections to provisions enacted by Coast Guard 
              Authorization Acts.
Sec. 3505. Status of National Defense Reserve Fleet vessels.
Sec. 3506. NDRF national security multi-mission vessel.
Sec. 3507. United States Merchant Marine Academy.
Sec. 3508. Use of National Defense Reserve Fleet scrapping proceeds.
Sec. 3509. Floating dry docks.

                       TITLE XXXVI--BALLAST WATER

Sec. 3601. Short title.
Sec. 3602. Definitions.
Sec. 3603. Regulation and enforcement.
Sec. 3604. Uniform national standards and requirements for the 
              regulation of discharges incidental to the normal 
              operation of a vessel.
Sec. 3605. Treatment technology certification.
Sec. 3606. Exemptions.
Sec. 3607. Alternative compliance program.
Sec. 3608. Judicial review.
Sec. 3609. Effect on State authority.
Sec. 3610. Application with other statutes.

                       DIVISION D--FUNDING TABLES

Sec. 4001. Authorization of amounts in funding tables.

                         TITLE XLI--PROCUREMENT

Sec. 4101. Procurement.
Sec. 4102. Procurement for overseas contingency operations.
Sec. 4103. Procurement for overseas contingency operations for base 
              requirements.

        TITLE XLII--RESEARCH, DEVELOPMENT, TEST, AND EVALUATION

Sec. 4201. Research, development, test, and evaluation.
Sec. 4202. Research, development, test, and evaluation for overseas 
              contingency operations.
Sec. 4203. Research, development, test, and evaluation for overseas 
              contingency operations for base requirements.

                 TITLE XLIII--OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE

Sec. 4301. Operation and maintenance.
Sec. 4302. Operation and maintenance for overseas contingency 
              operations.
Sec. 4303. Operation and maintenance for overseas contingency 
              operations for base requirements.

                     TITLE XLIV--MILITARY PERSONNEL

Sec. 4401. Military personnel.
Sec. 4402. Military personnel for overseas contingency operations.
Sec. 4403. Military personnel for overseas contingency operations for 
              base requirements.

                    TITLE XLV--OTHER AUTHORIZATIONS

Sec. 4501. Other authorizations.
Sec. 4502. Other authorizations for overseas contingency operations.
Sec. 4503. Other authorizations for overseas contingency operations for 
              base requirements.

                   TITLE XLVI--MILITARY CONSTRUCTION

Sec. 4601. Military construction.
Sec. 4602. Military construction for overseas contingency operations.
Sec. 4603. Military construction for overseas contingency operations 
              for base requirements.

      TITLE XLVII--DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY NATIONAL SECURITY PROGRAMS

Sec. 4701. Department of Energy national security programs.

                      DIVISION E--MILITARY JUSTICE

Sec. 6000. Short title.

                      TITLE LX--GENERAL PROVISIONS

Sec. 6001. Definitions.
Sec. 6002. Clarification of persons subject to UCMJ while on inactive-
              duty training.
Sec. 6003. Staff judge advocate disqualification due to prior 
              involvement in case.
Sec. 6004. Conforming amendment relating to military magistrates.
Sec. 6005. Rights of victim.

                 TITLE LXI--APPREHENSION AND RESTRAINT

Sec. 6101. Restraint of persons charged.
Sec. 6102. Modification of prohibition of confinement of armed forces 
              members with enemy prisoners and certain others.

                  TITLE LXII--NON-JUDICIAL PUNISHMENT

Sec. 6201. Modification of confinement as non-judicial punishment.

                TITLE LXIII--COURT-MARTIAL JURISDICTION

Sec. 6301. Courts-martial classified.
Sec. 6302. Jurisdiction of general courts-martial.
Sec. 6303. Jurisdiction of special courts-martial.
Sec. 6304. Summary court-martial as non-criminal forum.

               TITLE LXIV--COMPOSITION OF COURTS-MARTIAL

Sec. 6401. Technical amendment relating to persons authorized to 
              convene general courts-martial.
Sec. 6402. Who may serve on courts-martial; detail of members.
Sec. 6403. Number of court-martial members in capital cases.
Sec. 6404. Detailing, qualifications, etc. of military judges.
Sec. 6405. Qualifications of trial counsel and defense counsel.
Sec. 6406. Assembly and impaneling of members; detail of new members 
              and military judges.
Sec. 6407. Military magistrates.

                     TITLE LXV--PRE-TRIAL PROCEDURE

Sec. 6501. Charges and specifications.
Sec. 6502. Preliminary hearing required before referral to general 
              court-martial.
Sec. 6503. Disposition guidance.
Sec. 6504. Advice to convening authority before referral for trial.
Sec. 6505. Service of charges and commencement of trial.

                      TITLE LXVI--TRIAL PROCEDURE

Sec. 6601. Duties of assistant defense counsel.
Sec. 6602. Sessions.
Sec. 6603. Technical amendment relating to continuances.
Sec. 6604. Conforming amendments relating to challenges.
Sec. 6605. Statute of limitations.
Sec. 6606. Former jeopardy.
Sec. 6607. Pleas of the accused.
Sec. 6608. Contempt.
Sec. 6609. Depositions.
Sec. 6610. Admissibility of sworn testimony by audiotape or videotape 
              from records of courts of inquiry.
Sec. 6611. Conforming amendment relating to defense of lack of mental 
              responsibility.
Sec. 6612. Voting and rulings.
Sec. 6613. Votes required for conviction, sentencing, and other 
              matters.
Sec. 6614. Plea agreements.
Sec. 6615. Record of trial.

                         TITLE LXVII--SENTENCES

Sec. 6701. Sentencing.
Sec. 6701A. Minimum confinement period required for conviction of 
              certain sex-related offenses committed by members of the 
              Armed Forces.
Sec. 6702. Effective date of sentences.
Sec. 6703. Sentence of reduction in enlisted grade.

    TITLE LXVIII--POST-TRIAL PROCEDURE AND REVIEW OF COURTS-MARTIAL

Sec. 6801. Post-trial processing in general and special courts-martial.

[[Page H2475]]

Sec. 6802. Limited authority to act on sentence in specified post-trial 
              circumstances.
Sec. 6803. Post-trial actions in summary courts-martial and certain 
              general and special courts-martial.
Sec. 6804. Entry of judgment.
Sec. 6805. Waiver of right to appeal and withdrawal of appeal.
Sec. 6806. Appeal by the United States.
Sec. 6807. Rehearings.
Sec. 6808. Judge advocate review of finding of guilty in summary court-
              martial.
Sec. 6809. Transmittal and review of records.
Sec. 6810. Courts of criminal appeals.
Sec. 6811. Review by court of appeals for the armed forces.
Sec. 6812. Supreme Court review.
Sec. 6813. Review by Judge Advocate General.
Sec. 6814. Appellate defense counsel in death penalty cases.
Sec. 6815. Authority for hearing on vacation of suspension of sentence 
              to be conducted by qualified judge advocate.
Sec. 6816. Extension of time for petition for new trial.
Sec. 6817. Restoration.
Sec. 6818. Leave requirements pending review of certain court-martial 
              convictions.

                     TITLE LXIX--PUNITIVE ARTICLES

Sec. 6901. Reorganization of punitive articles.
Sec. 6902. Conviction of offense charged, lesser included offenses, and 
              attempts.
Sec. 6903. Soliciting commission of offenses.
Sec. 6904. Malingering.
Sec. 6905. Breach of medical quarantine.
Sec. 6906. Missing movement; jumping from vessel.
Sec. 6907. Offenses against correctional custody and restriction.
Sec. 6908. Disrespect toward superior commissioned officer; assault of 
              superior commissioned officer.
Sec. 6909. Willfully disobeying superior commissioned officer.
Sec. 6910. Prohibited activities with military recruit or trainee by 
              person in position of special trust.
Sec. 6911. Offenses by sentinel or lookout.
Sec. 6912. Disrespect toward sentinel or lookout.
Sec. 6913. Release of prisoner without authority; drinking with 
              prisoner.
Sec. 6914. Penalty for acting as a spy.
Sec. 6915. Public records offenses.
Sec. 6916. False or unauthorized pass offenses.
Sec. 6917. Impersonation offenses.
Sec. 6918. Insignia offenses.
Sec. 6919. False official statements; false swearing.
Sec. 6920. Parole violation.
Sec. 6921. Wrongful taking, opening, etc. of mail matter.
Sec. 6922. Improper hazarding of vessel or aircraft.
Sec. 6923. Leaving scene of vehicle accident.
Sec. 6924. Drunkenness and other incapacitation offenses.
Sec. 6925. Lower blood alcohol content limits for conviction of drunken 
              or reckless operation of vehicle, aircraft, or vessel.
Sec. 6926. Endangerment offenses.
Sec. 6927. Communicating threats.
Sec. 6928. Technical amendment relating to murder.
Sec. 6929. Child endangerment.
Sec. 6930. Deposit of obscene matter in the mail.
Sec. 6931. Fraudulent use of credit cards, debit cards, and other 
              access devices.
Sec. 6932. False pretenses to obtain services.
Sec. 6933. Robbery.
Sec. 6934. Receiving stolen property.
Sec. 6935. Offenses concerning government computers.
Sec. 6936. Bribery.
Sec. 6937. Graft.
Sec. 6938. Kidnapping.
Sec. 6939. Arson; burning property with intent to defraud.
Sec. 6940. Assault.
Sec. 6941. Burglary and unlawful entry.
Sec. 6942. Stalking.
Sec. 6943. Subornation of perjury.
Sec. 6944. Obstructing justice.
Sec. 6945. Misprision of serious offense.
Sec. 6946. Wrongful refusal to testify.
Sec. 6947. Prevention of authorized seizure of property.
Sec. 6948. Wrongful interference with adverse administrative 
              proceeding.
Sec. 6949. Retaliation.
Sec. 6950. Extraterritorial application of certain offenses.
Sec. 6951. Table of sections.

                  TITLE LXX--MISCELLANEOUS PROVISIONS

Sec. 7001. Technical amendment relating to courts of inquiry.
Sec. 7002. Technical amendment to article 136.
Sec. 7003. Articles of Uniform Code of Military Justice to be explained 
              to officers upon commissioning.
Sec. 7004. Military justice case management; data collection and 
              accessibility.

      TITLE LXXI--MILITARY JUSTICE REVIEW PANEL AND ANNUAL REPORTS

Sec. 7101. Military justice review panel.
Sec. 7102. Annual reports.

         TITLE LXXII--CONFORMING AMENDMENTS AND EFFECTIVE DATES

Sec. 7201. Amendments to UCMJ subchapter tables of sections.
Sec. 7202. Effective dates.

     SEC. 3. CONGRESSIONAL DEFENSE COMMITTEES.

       In this Act, the term ``congressional defense committees'' 
     has the meaning given that term in section 101(a)(16) of 
     title 10, United States Code.

            DIVISION A--DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE AUTHORIZATIONS

                          TITLE I--PROCUREMENT

              Subtitle A--Authorization of Appropriations

     SEC. 101. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

       Funds are hereby authorized to be appropriated for fiscal 
     year 2017 for procurement for the Army, the Navy and the 
     Marine Corps, the Air Force, and Defense-wide activities, as 
     specified in the funding table in section 4101.

                       Subtitle B--Army Programs

     SEC. 111. MULTIYEAR PROCUREMENT AUTHORITY FOR AH-64E APACHE 
                   HELICOPTERS.

       (a) Authority for Multiyear Procurement.--Subject to 
     section 2306b of title 10, United States Code, the Secretary 
     of the Army may enter into one or more multiyear contracts, 
     beginning with the fiscal year 2017 program year, for the 
     procurement of AH-64E Apache helicopters.
       (b) Condition for Out-year Contract Payments.--A contract 
     entered into under subsection (a) shall provide that any 
     obligation of the United States to make a payment under the 
     contract for a fiscal year after fiscal year 2017 is subject 
     to the availability of appropriations for that purpose for 
     such later fiscal year.

     SEC. 112. MULTIYEAR PROCUREMENT AUTHORITY FOR UH-60M AND HH-
                   60M BLACK HAWK HELICOPTERS.

       (a) Authority for Multiyear Procurement.--Subject to 
     section 2306b of title 10, United States Code, the Secretary 
     of the Army may enter into one or more multiyear contracts, 
     beginning with the fiscal year 2017 program year, for the 
     procurement of UH-60M and HH-60M Black Hawk helicopters.
       (b) Condition for Out-year Contract Payments.--A contract 
     entered into under subsection (a) shall provide that any 
     obligation of the United States to make a payment under the 
     contract for a fiscal year after fiscal year 2017 is subject 
     to the availability of appropriations for that purpose for 
     such later fiscal year.

     SEC. 113. ASSESSMENT OF CERTAIN CAPABILITIES OF THE 
                   DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY.

       (a) Assessment.--The Secretary of Defense, in consultation 
     with the Secretary of the Army and the Chief of Staff of the 
     Army, shall conduct an assessment of the following 
     capabilities with respect to the Department of the Army:
       (1) The capacity of AH-64 Apache-equipped attack 
     reconnaissance battalions to meet future needs.
       (2) Air defense artillery capacity and responsiveness, 
     including--
       (A) the capacity of short-range air defense artillery to 
     address existing and emerging threats, including threats 
     posed by unmanned aerial systems, cruise missiles, and manned 
     aircraft; and
       (B) the potential for commercial off-the-shelf solutions.
       (3) Chemical, biological, radiological, and nuclear 
     capabilities and modernization needs.
       (4) Field artillery capabilities, including--
       (A) modernization needs;
       (B) munitions inventory shortfalls; and
       (C) changes in doctrine and war plans consistent with the 
     Memorandum of the Secretary of Defense dated June 19, 2008, 
     regarding the Department of Defense policy on cluster 
     munitions and unintended harm to civilians.
       (5) Fuel distribution and water purification capacity and 
     responsiveness.
       (6) Watercraft and port-opening capabilities and 
     responsiveness.
       (7) Transportation capacity and responsiveness, 
     particularly with respect to the transportation of fuel, 
     water, and cargo.
       (8) Military police capacity.
       (9) Tactical mobility and tactical wheeled vehicle 
     capacity, including heavy equipment prime movers.
       (b) Report.--Not later than April 1, 2017, the Secretary of 
     Defense shall submit to the congressional defense committees 
     a report containing--
       (1) the assessment conducted under subsection (a);
       (2) recommendations for reducing or eliminating shortfalls 
     in responsiveness and capacity with respect to each of the 
     capabilities described in such subsection; and
       (3) an estimate of the costs of implementing such 
     recommendations.
       (c) Form.--The report under subsection (b) shall be 
     submitted in unclassified form, but may include a classified 
     annex.

                       Subtitle C--Navy Programs

     SEC. 121. PROCUREMENT AUTHORITY FOR AIRCRAFT CARRIER 
                   PROGRAMS.

       (a) Procurement Authority in Support of Construction of 
     Ford Class Aircraft Carriers.--
       (1) Authority for economic order quantity.--The Secretary 
     of the Navy may procure materiel and equipment in support of 
     the construction of the Ford class aircraft carriers 
     designated CVN-80 and CVN-81 in economic order quantities 
     when cost savings are achievable.
       (2) Liability.--Any contract entered into under paragraph 
     (1) shall provide that any obligation of the United States to 
     make a payment under the contract is subject to the 
     availability of appropriations for that purpose, and that 
     total liability to the Government for termination of any 
     contract entered into shall be limited to the total amount of 
     funding obligated at time of termination.
       (b) Refueling and Complex Overhaul of Nimitz Class Aircraft 
     Carriers.--
       (1) In general.--The Secretary of the Navy may carry out 
     the nuclear refueling and complex overhaul of each of the 
     following Nimitz class aircraft carriers:
       (A) U.S.S. George Washington (CVN-73).
       (B) U.S.S. John C. Stennis (CVN-74).
       (C) U.S.S. Harry S. Truman (CVN-75).
       (D) U.S.S. Ronald Reagan (CVN-76).
       (E) U.S.S. George H.W. Bush (CVN-77).

[[Page H2476]]

       (2) Use of incremental funding.--With respect to any 
     contract entered into under paragraph (1) for the nuclear 
     refueling and complex overhaul of a Nimitz class aircraft 
     carrier, the Secretary may use incremental funding for a 
     period not to exceed six years after advance procurement 
     funds for such nuclear refueling and complex overhaul effort 
     are first obligated.
       (3) Condition for out-year contract payments.--Any contract 
     entered into under paragraph (1) shall provide that any 
     obligation of the United States to make a payment under the 
     contract for a fiscal year after fiscal year 2017 is subject 
     to the availability of appropriations for that purpose for 
     that later fiscal year.

     SEC. 122. SENSE OF CONGRESS ON AIRCRAFT CARRIER PROCUREMENT 
                   SCHEDULES.

       (a) Findings.--Congress finds the following:
       (1) In a report submitted to Congress on March 17, 2015, 
     the Secretary of the Navy indicated the Department of the 
     Navy has a requirement of 11 aircraft carriers.
       (2) In the Congressional Budget Office report titled ``An 
     Analysis of the Navy's Fiscal Year 2016 Shipbuilding Plan'', 
     the Office stated as follows: ``To prevent the carrier force 
     from declining to 10 ships in the 2040s, 1 short of its 
     inventory goal of 11, the Navy could accelerate purchases 
     after 2018 to 1 every four years, rather than 1 every five 
     years''.
       (b) Sense of Congress.--It is the sense of Congress that--
       (1) the plan of the Department of the Navy to schedule the 
     procurement of one aircraft carrier every five years will 
     reduce the overall aircraft carrier inventory to 10 aircraft 
     carriers, a level insufficient to meet peacetime and war plan 
     requirements; and
       (2) to accommodate the required aircraft carrier force 
     structure, the Department of the Navy should--
       (A) begin to program construction for the Ford class 
     aircraft carrier designated CVN-81 in fiscal year 2022; and
       (B) program the required advance procurement activities to 
     accommodate the construction of such carrier.

     SEC. 123. DESIGN AND CONSTRUCTION OF LHA REPLACEMENT SHIP 
                   DESIGNATED LHA 8.

       (a) In General.--The Secretary of the Navy may enter into a 
     contract, beginning with the fiscal year 2017 program year, 
     for the design and construction of the LHA Replacement ship 
     designated LHA 8 using amounts authorized to be appropriated 
     for the Department of Defense for Shipbuilding and 
     Conversion, Navy.
       (b) Use of Incremental Funding.--With respect to the 
     contract entered into under subsection (a), the Secretary may 
     use incremental funding to make payments under the contract.
       (c) Condition for Out-year Contract Payments.--The contract 
     entered into under subsection (a) shall provide that any 
     obligation of the United States to make a payment under such 
     contract for any fiscal year after fiscal year 2017 is 
     subject to the availability of appropriations for that 
     purpose for such fiscal year.

     SEC. 124. DESIGN AND CONSTRUCTION OF REPLACEMENT DOCK LANDING 
                   SHIP DESIGNATED LX(R) OR AMPHIBIOUS TRANSPORT 
                   DOCK DESIGNATED LPD-29.

       (a) In General.--The Secretary of the Navy may enter into a 
     contract, beginning with the fiscal year 2017 program year, 
     for the design and construction of the replacement dock 
     landing ship designated LX(R) or the amphibious transport 
     dock designated LPD-29 using amounts authorized to be 
     appropriated for the Department of Defense for Shipbuilding 
     and Conversion, Navy.
       (b) Use of Incremental Funding.--With respect to the 
     contract entered into under subsection (a), the Secretary may 
     use incremental funding to make payments under the contract.
       (c) Condition for Out-year Contract Payments.--The contract 
     entered into under subsection (a) shall provide that any 
     obligation of the United States to make a payment under such 
     contract for any fiscal year after fiscal year 2017 is 
     subject to the availability of appropriations for that 
     purpose for such fiscal year.

     SEC. 125. SHIP TO SHORE CONNECTOR PROGRAM.

       (a) Contract Authority.--Notwithstanding section 2306b of 
     title 10, United States Code, the Secretary of the Navy may 
     enter into a contract to procure up to 45 Ship to Shore 
     Connector craft.
       (b) Liability.--Any contract entered into under subsection 
     (a) shall provide that any obligation of the United States to 
     make a payment under the contract is subject to the 
     availability of appropriations for that purpose, and that the 
     total liability to the Government for termination of any 
     contract entered into shall be limited to the total amount of 
     funding obligated at time of termination.

     SEC. 126. LIMITATION ON AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS FOR LITTORAL 
                   COMBAT SHIP OR SUCCESSOR FRIGATE.

       None of the funds authorized to be appropriated by this Act 
     or otherwise made available for fiscal year 2017 for the Navy 
     shall be used to select only a single contractor for the 
     construction of the Littoral Combat Ship or any successor 
     frigate class ship program until the Secretary of the Navy 
     certifies to the congressional defense committees that such 
     selection of a single contractor will be conducted--
       (1) using competitive procedures; and
       (2) for the limited purpose of awarding a contract for--
       (A) an engineering change proposal for a frigate class 
     ship; or
       (B) the construction of a frigate class ship.

                     Subtitle D--Air Force Programs

     SEC. 131. ELIMINATION OF ANNUAL REPORT ON AIRCRAFT INVENTORY.

       Section 231a of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
       (1) by striking subsection (e); and
       (2) by redesignating subsection (f) as subsection (e).

     SEC. 132. REPEAL OF REQUIREMENT TO PRESERVE CERTAIN RETIRED 
                   C-5 AIRCRAFT.

       Section 141 of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
     Fiscal Year 2013 (Public Law 112-239; 126 Stat. 1659) is 
     amended by striking subsection (d).

     SEC. 133. REPEAL OF REQUIREMENT TO PRESERVE CERTAIN RETIRED 
                   F-117 AIRCRAFT.

       Section 136 of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
     Fiscal Year 2007 (Public Law 109-364; 120 Stat. 2114) is 
     amended by striking subsection (b).

     SEC. 134. PROHIBITION ON AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS FOR RETIREMENT 
                   OF A-10 AIRCRAFT.

       (a) Prohibition on Availability of Funds for Retirement.--
     None of the funds authorized to be appropriated by this Act 
     or otherwise made available for fiscal year 2017 for the Air 
     Force may be obligated or expended to retire, prepare to 
     retire, or place in storage or on backup aircraft inventory 
     status any A-10 aircraft.
       (b) Additional Limitation on Retirement.--In addition to 
     the prohibition in subsection (a), the Secretary of the Air 
     Force may not retire, prepare to retire, or place in storage 
     or on backup aircraft inventory status any A-10 aircraft 
     until a period of 90 days has elapsed following the date on 
     which the Secretary submits to the congressional defense 
     committees the report under subsection (e)(2).
       (c) Prohibition on Significant Reductions in Manning 
     Levels.--None of the funds authorized to be appropriated by 
     this Act or otherwise made available for fiscal year 2017 for 
     the Air Force may be obligated or expended to make 
     significant reductions to manning levels with respect to any 
     A-10 aircraft squadrons or divisions.
       (d) Minimum Inventory Requirement.--The Secretary of the 
     Air Force shall ensure the Air Force maintains a minimum of 
     171 A-10 aircraft designated as primary mission aircraft 
     inventory until a period of 90 days has elapsed following the 
     date on which the Secretary submits to the congressional 
     defense committees the report under subsection (e)(2).
       (e) Reports Required.--
       (1) The Director of Operational Test and Evaluation shall 
     submit to the congressional defense committees a report that 
     includes--
       (A) the results and findings of the initial operational 
     test and evaluation of the F-35 aircraft program; and
       (B) a comparison test and evaluation that examines the 
     capabilities of the F-35A and A-10C aircraft in conducting 
     close air support, combat search and rescue, and forward air 
     controller airborne missions.
       (2) Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
     submission of the report under paragraph (1), the Secretary 
     of the Air Force shall submit to the congressional defense 
     committees a report that includes--
       (A) the views of the Secretary with respect to the results 
     of the initial operational test and evaluation of the F-35 
     aircraft program as summarized in the report under paragraph 
     (1), including any issues or concerns of the Secretary with 
     respect to such results;
       (B) a plan for addressing any deficiencies and carrying out 
     any corrective actions identified in such report; and
       (C) short-term and long-term strategies for preserving the 
     capability of the Air Force to conduct close air support, 
     combat search and rescue, and forward air controller airborne 
     missions.
       (f) Special Rule.--
       (1) Subject to paragraph (2), the Secretary of the Air 
     Force may carry out the transition of the A-10 unit at Fort 
     Wayne Air National Guard Base, Indiana, to an F-16 unit as 
     described by the Secretary in the Force Structure Actions map 
     submitted in support of the budget of the President for 
     fiscal year 2017 (as submitted to Congress under section 
     1105(a) of title 31, United States Code).
       (2) Subsections (a) through (e) shall apply with respect to 
     any A-10 aircraft affected by the transition described in 
     paragraph (1).

     SEC. 135. PROHIBITION ON AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS FOR RETIREMENT 
                   OF JOINT SURVEILLANCE TARGET ATTACK RADAR 
                   SYSTEM AIRCRAFT.

       (a) Prohibition.--Except as provided by subsection (b) and 
     in addition to the prohibition under section 144 of the 
     National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2016 
     (Public Law 114-92; 129 Stat. 758) none of the funds 
     authorized to be appropriated or otherwise made available for 
     fiscal year 2018 for the Air Force may be obligated or 
     expended to retire, or prepare to retire, any Joint 
     Surveillance Target Attack Radar System aircraft.
       (b) Exception.--The prohibition in subsection (a) shall not 
     apply to individual Joint Surveillance Target Attack Radar 
     System aircraft that the Secretary of the Air Force 
     determines, on a case-by-case basis, to be non-operational 
     because of mishaps, other damage, or being uneconomical to 
     repair.

       Subtitle E--Defense-wide, Joint, and Multiservice Matters

     SEC. 141. TERMINATION OF QUARTERLY REPORTING ON USE OF COMBAT 
                   MISSION REQUIREMENTS FUNDS.

       Section 123(a)(1) of the Ike Skelton National Defense 
     Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2011 (Public Law 111-383; 
     124 Stat. 4158; 10 U.S.C. 167 note.) is amended by inserting 
     ``ending on or before September 30, 2018'' after ``each 
     fiscal quarter''.

     SEC. 142. FIRE SUPPRESSANT AND FUEL CONTAINMENT STANDARDS FOR 
                   CERTAIN VEHICLES.

       (a) Guidance Required.--

[[Page H2477]]

       (1) The Secretary of the Army shall issue guidance 
     regarding fire suppressant and fuel containment standards for 
     covered vehicles of the Army.
       (2) The Secretary of the Navy shall issue guidance 
     regarding fire suppressant and fuel containment standards for 
     covered vehicles of the Marine Corps.
       (b) Elements.--The guidance regarding fire suppressant and 
     fuel containment standards issued pursuant to subsection (a) 
     shall--
       (1) meet the survivability requirements applicable to each 
     class of covered vehicles;
       (2) include standards for vehicle armor, vehicle fire 
     suppression systems, and fuel containment technologies in 
     covered vehicles; and
       (3) balance cost, survivability, and mobility.
       (c) Report to Congress.--Not later than 180 days after the 
     date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of the Army 
     and the Secretary of the Navy shall each submit to the 
     congressional defense committees a report that includes--
       (1) the policy guidance established pursuant to subsection 
     (a), set forth separately for each class of covered vehicle; 
     and
       (2) any other information the Secretaries determine to be 
     appropriate.
       (d) Covered Vehicles.--In this section, the term ``covered 
     vehicles'' means ground vehicles acquired on or after October 
     1, 2018, under a major defense acquisition program (as such 
     term is defined in section 2430 of title 10, United States 
     Code), including light tactical vehicles, medium tactical 
     vehicles, heavy tactical vehicles, and ground combat 
     vehicles.

     SEC. 143. REPORT ON DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE MUNITIONS STRATEGY 
                   FOR THE COMBATANT COMMANDS.

       (a) Report Required.--Not later than April 1, 2017, the 
     Secretary of Defense shall submit to the congressional 
     defense committees a report on the munitions strategy for the 
     combatant commands, including an identification of munitions 
     requirements, an assessment of munitions gaps and shortfalls, 
     and necessary munitions investments. Such strategy shall 
     cover the 10-year period beginning with 2016.
       (b) Elements.--The report on munitions strategy required by 
     subsection (a) shall include the following:
       (1) An identification of current and projected munitions 
     requirements, by class or type.
       (2) An assessment of munitions gaps and shortfalls, 
     including a census of current munitions capabilities and 
     programs, not including ammunition.
       (3) A description of current and planned munitions 
     programs, including with respect to procurement; research, 
     development, test, and evaluation; and deployment activities.
       (4) Schedules, estimated costs, and budget plans for 
     current and planned munitions programs.
       (5) Identification of opportunities and limitations within 
     the associated industrial base.
       (6) Identification and evaluation of technology needs and 
     applicable emerging technologies.
       (7) An assessment of how current and planned munitions 
     programs, and promising technologies, may affect existing 
     operational concepts and capabilities of the military 
     departments or lead to new operational concepts and 
     capabilities.
       (8) An assessment of programs and capabilities by other 
     countries to counter the munitions programs and capabilities 
     of the Armed Forces, not including with respect to 
     ammunition, and how such assessment affects the munitions 
     strategy of each military department.
       (9) An assessment of how munitions capability and capacity 
     may be affected by changes consistent with the Memorandum of 
     the Secretary of Defense dated June 19, 2008, regarding the 
     Department of Defense policy on cluster munitions and 
     unintended harm to civilians.
       (10) Any other matters the Secretary determines 
     appropriate.
       (c) Form.--The report under subsection (a) may be submitted 
     in classified or unclassified form.

     SEC. 144. COMPTROLLER GENERAL REVIEW OF F-35 LIGHTNING II 
                   AIRCRAFT SUSTAINMENT SUPPORT.

       (a) Review.--Not later than September 30, 2017, the 
     Comptroller General of the United States shall submit to the 
     congressional defense committees a report on the sustainment 
     support structure for the F-35 Lightning II aircraft program.
       (b) Elements.--The review under subsection (a) shall 
     include, with respect to the F-35 Lightning II aircraft 
     program, the following:
       (1) The status of the sustainment support strategy for the 
     program, including goals for personnel training, required 
     infrastructure, and fleet readiness.
       (2) Approaches, including performance-based logistics, 
     considered in developing the sustainment support strategy for 
     the program.
       (3) Other information regarding sustainment and logistics 
     support for the program that the Comptroller General 
     determines to be of critical importance to the long-term 
     viability of the program.

         TITLE II--RESEARCH, DEVELOPMENT, TEST, AND EVALUATION

              Subtitle A--Authorization of Appropriations

     SEC. 201. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

       Funds are hereby authorized to be appropriated for fiscal 
     year 2017 for the use of the Department of Defense for 
     research, development, test, and evaluation, as specified in 
     the funding table in section 4201.

    Subtitle B--Program Requirements, Restrictions, and Limitations

     SEC. 211. LABORATORY QUALITY ENHANCEMENT PROGRAM.

       (a) In General.--The Secretary of Defense, acting through 
     the Assistant Secretary of Defense for Research and 
     Engineering, shall carry out a Program to be known as the 
     ``Laboratory Quality Enhancement Program'' under which the 
     Secretary shall establish the panels described in subsection 
     (b) and direct such panels--
       (1) to review and make recommendations to the Secretary 
     with respect to--
       (A) existing policies and practices affecting the science 
     and technology reinvention laboratories to improve the 
     research output of such laboratories; and
       (B) new initiatives proposed by the science and technology 
     reinvention laboratories;
       (2) to support implementation of current and future 
     initiatives affecting the science and technology reinvention 
     laboratories; and
       (3) to conduct assessments or data analysis on such other 
     issues as the Secretary determines to be appropriate.
       (b) Panels.--The panels described in this subsection are:
       (1) A panel on personnel, workforce development, and talent 
     management.
       (2) A panel on facilities and infrastructure.
       (3) A panel on research strategy, technology transfer, and 
     industry partnerships.
       (4) A panel on oversight, administrative, and regulatory 
     processes.
       (c) Composition of Panels.--
       (1) Each panel described in subsection (b) shall be 
     composed of not less than 4 members.
       (2) Each panel described in paragraphs (1) through (3) of 
     subsection (b) shall be composed of subject matter and 
     technical management experts from--
       (A) laboratories and research centers of the Army, Navy and 
     Air Force;
       (B) appropriate Defense Agencies;
       (C) the Office of the Assistant Secretary of Defense for 
     Research and Engineering; and
       (D) such other entities of the Department of Defense as the 
     Secretary determines to be appropriate.
       (3) The panel described in subsection (b)(4) shall be 
     composed of--
       (A) the Director of the Army Research Laboratory;
       (B) the Director of the Air Force Research Laboratory;
       (C) the Director of the Naval Research Laboratory; and
       (D) such other members as the Secretary determines to be 
     appropriate.
       (d) Governance of Panels.--
       (1) The chairperson of each panel shall be selected by its 
     members.
       (2) The panel described in subsection (b)(4) shall--
       (A) oversee the activities of the panels described in 
     paragraphs (1) through (3) of subsection (b);
       (B) determine the subject matter to be considered by the 
     panels; and
       (C) provide the recommendations of the panels to the 
     Secretary.
       (e) Personnel Demonstration Project Authority.--Section 
     342(b) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
     Year 1995 (Public Law 103-337; 108 Stat. 2721) (as amended by 
     section 1114(a)(2)(C) of the National Defense Authorization 
     Act for Fiscal Year 2001 (Public Law 106-398; 114 Stat. 
     1654A-315)) is amended by adding at the end the following new 
     paragraph:
       ``(4) In carrying out this subsection, the Secretary shall 
     act through the Assistant Secretary of Defense for Research 
     and Engineering.''.
       (f) Science and Technology Reinvention Laboratory 
     Defined.--In this section, the term ``science and technology 
     reinvention laboratory'' means a science and technology 
     reinvention laboratory designated under section 1105 of the 
     National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2010 
     (Public Law 111-84; 10 U.S.C. 2358 note).

     SEC. 212. MECHANISMS TO PROVIDE FUNDS FOR DEFENSE 
                   LABORATORIES FOR RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT OF 
                   TECHNOLOGIES FOR MILITARY MISSIONS.

       Section 219 of the Duncan Hunter National Defense 
     Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2009 (Public Law 110-417; 
     10 U.S.C. 2358 note), as most recently amended by section 262 
     of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 
     2014 (Public Law 113-66), is amended--
       (1) in subsection (a)(1), by striking ``not more than''; 
     and
       (2) by amending subsection (d) to read as follows:
       ``(d) Special Rule.--For purposes of this section, a 
     federally funded research and development center shall be 
     considered a defense laboratory if the center is sponsored by 
     the Department of Defense.''.

     SEC. 213. NOTIFICATION REQUIREMENT FOR CERTAIN RAPID 
                   PROTOTYPING, EXPERIMENTATION, AND DEMONSTRATION 
                   ACTIVITIES.

       (a) Notice Required.--The Secretary of the Navy shall not 
     initiate a covered activity until a period of 10 business 
     days has elapsed following the date on which the Secretary 
     submits to the congressional defense committees the notice 
     described in subsection (b) with respect to such activity.
       (b) Elements of Notice.--The notice described in this 
     subsection is a written notice of the intention of the 
     Secretary to initiate a covered activity. Each such notice 
     shall include the following:
       (1) A description of the activity.
       (2) Estimated costs and funding sources for the activity, 
     including a description of any cost-sharing or in-kind 
     support arrangements with other participants.
       (3) A description of any transition agreement, including 
     the identity of any partner organization that may receive the 
     results of the covered activity under such an agreement.
       (4) Identification of major milestones and the anticipated 
     date of completion of the activity.

[[Page H2478]]

       (c) Covered Activity.--In this section, the term ``covered 
     activity'' means a rapid prototyping, experimentation, or 
     demonstration activity carried out under program element 
     0603382N.
       (d) Sunset.--The requirements of this section shall 
     terminate 5 years after the date of the enactment of this 
     Act.

     SEC. 214. IMPROVED BIOSAFETY FOR HANDLING OF SELECT AGENTS 
                   AND TOXINS.

       (a) Quality Control and Quality Assurance Program.--The 
     Secretary of Defense, acting through the executive agent for 
     the biological select agent and toxin biosafety program of 
     the Department of Defense, shall carry out a program to 
     implement certain quality control and quality assurance 
     measures at each covered facility.
       (b) Quality Control and Quality Assurance Measures.--
     Subject to subsection (c), the quality control and quality 
     assurance measures implemented at each covered facility under 
     subsection (a) shall include the following:
       (1) Designation of an external manager to oversee quality 
     assurance and quality control.
       (2) Environmental sampling and inspection.
       (3) Production procedures that prohibit operations where 
     live biological select agents and toxins are used in the same 
     laboratory where viability testing is conducted.
       (4) Production procedures that prohibit work on multiple 
     organisms or multiple strains of one organism within the same 
     biosafety cabinet.
       (5) A video surveillance program that uses video monitoring 
     as a tool to improve laboratory practices in accordance with 
     regulatory requirements.
       (6) Formal, recurring data reviews of production in an 
     effort to identify data trends and nonconformance issues 
     before such issues affect end products.
       (7) Validated protocols for production processes to ensure 
     that process deviations are adequately vetted prior to 
     implementation.
       (8) Maintenance and calibration procedures and schedules 
     for all tools, equipment, and irradiators.
       (c) Waiver.--In carrying out the program under subsection 
     (a), the Secretary may waive any of the quality control and 
     quality assurance measures required under subsection (b) in 
     the interest of national defense.
       (d) Study and Report Required.--
       (1) The Secretary of Defense shall carry out a study to 
     evaluate--
       (A) the feasibility of consolidating covered facilities 
     within a unified command to minimize risk;
       (B) opportunities to partner with industry for the 
     production of biological select agents and toxins and related 
     services in lieu of maintaining such capabilities within the 
     Department of the Army; and
       (C) whether operations under the biological select agent 
     and toxin production program should be transferred to another 
     government or commercial laboratory that may be better suited 
     to execute production for non-Department of Defense 
     customers.
       (2) Not later than February 1, 2017, the Secretary shall 
     submit to the congressional defense committees a report on 
     the results of the study under paragraph (1).
       (e) Comptroller General Review.--Not later than September 
     1, 2017, the Comptroller General of the United States shall 
     submit to the congressional defense committees a report that 
     includes the following:
       (1) A review of--
       (A) the actions taken by the Department of Defense to 
     address the findings and recommendations of the report of the 
     Department of the Army titled ``Individual and Institutional 
     Accountability for the Shipment of Viable Bacillus Anthracis 
     from Dugway Proving Grounds'', dated December 15, 2015, 
     including any actions taken to address the culture of 
     complacency in the biological select agent and toxin 
     production program identified in such report; and
       (B) the progress of the Secretary in carrying out the 
     program under subsection (a).
       (2) An analysis of the study and report under subsection 
     (d).
       (f) Definitions.--In this section:
       (1) The term ``covered facility'' means any facility of the 
     Department of Defense that produces biological select agents 
     and toxins.
       (2) The term ``biological select agent and toxin'' means 
     any agent or toxin identified under--
       (A) section 331.3 of title 7, Code of Federal Regulations;
       (B) section 121.3 or section 121.4 of title 9, Code of 
     Federal Regulations; or
       (C) section 73.3 or section 73.4 of title 42, Code of 
     Federal Regulations.

     SEC. 215. MODERNIZATION OF SECURITY CLEARANCE INFORMATION 
                   TECHNOLOGY ARCHITECTURE.

       (a) In General.--The Secretary of Defense, in consultation 
     with the Director of National Intelligence and the Director 
     of the Office of Personnel Management, shall develop and 
     implement an information technology system (in this section 
     referred to as the ``System'') to--
       (1) modernize and sustain the security clearance 
     information architecture of the National Background 
     Investigations Bureau and the Department of Defense;
       (2) support decision-making processes for the evaluation 
     and granting of personnel security clearances;
       (3) improve cyber security capabilities with respect to 
     sensitive security clearance data and processes;
       (4) reduce the complexity and cost of the security 
     clearance process;
       (5) provide information to managers on the financial and 
     administrative costs of the security clearance process;
       (6) strengthen the ties between counterintelligence and 
     personnel security communities; and
       (7) improve system standardization in the security 
     clearance process.
       (b) Guidance Required.--Not later than 180 days after the 
     date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense, 
     in consultation with the Director of National Intelligence 
     and the Director of the Office of Personnel Management, shall 
     issue guidance establishing the respective roles, 
     responsibilities, and obligations of the Secretary and 
     Directors with respect to the development and implementation 
     of the System.
       (c) Elements of System.--In developing the System under 
     subsection (a), the Secretary shall--
       (1) conduct a review of security clearance business 
     processes and, to the extent practicable, modify such 
     processes to maximize compatibility with the security 
     clearance information technology architecture to minimize the 
     need for customization of the System;
       (2) conduct business process mapping (as such term is 
     defined in section 2222(i) of title 10, United States Code) 
     of the business processes described in paragraph (1);
       (3) use spiral development and incremental acquisition 
     practices to rapidly deploy the System, including through the 
     use of prototyping and open architecture principles;
       (4) establish a process to identify and limit interfaces 
     with legacy systems and to limit customization of any 
     commercial information technology tools used;
       (5) establish automated processes for measuring the 
     performance goals of the System; and
       (6) incorporate capabilities for the continuous monitoring 
     of network security and the mitigation of insider threats to 
     the System.
       (d) Completion Date.--The Secretary shall complete the 
     development and implementation of the System by not later 
     than September 30, 2019.
       (e) Briefing.--Beginning on December 1, 2016, and on a 
     quarterly basis thereafter until the completion date of the 
     System under subsection (d), the Secretary of Defense shall 
     provide a briefing to the Committees on Armed Services of the 
     Senate and House of Representatives (and other appropriate 
     congressional committees on request) on the progress of the 
     Secretary in developing and implementing the System.
       (f) Review of Applicable Laws.--The Secretary shall review 
     laws, regulations, and executive orders relating to the 
     maintenance of personnel security clearance information by 
     the Federal Government. Not later than 90 days after the date 
     of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall provide to 
     the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and House of 
     Representatives (and other appropriate congressional 
     committees on request) a briefing that includes--
       (1) the results of the review; and
       (2) recommendations, if any, for consolidating and 
     clarifying laws, regulations, and executive orders relating 
     to the maintenance of personnel security clearance 
     information by the Federal Government.
       (g) Appropriate Congressional Committees Defined.--In this 
     section, the term ``appropriate congressional committees'' 
     means--
       (1) the Select Committee on Intelligence, the Committee on 
     Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs, and the Committee 
     on Appropriations of the Senate; and
       (2) the Permanent Select Committee on Intelligence, the 
     Committee on Oversight and Government Reform, and the 
     Committee on Appropriations of the House of Representatives.

     SEC. 216. PROHIBITION ON AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS FOR COUNTERING 
                   WEAPONS OF MASS DESTRUCTION SYSTEM 
                   CONSTELLATION.

       (a) Prohibitions.--None of the funds authorized to be 
     appropriated by this Act or otherwise made available for 
     fiscal year 2017 for the countering weapons of mass 
     destruction situational awareness information system commonly 
     known as ``Constellation'' may be obligated or expended for 
     research, development, or prototyping for such system.
       (b) Review.--The Chief Information Officer of the 
     Department of Defense, in consultation with the Director of 
     the Defense Information Systems Agency, shall review the 
     requirements and program plan for research, development, and 
     prototyping for the Constellation system.
       (c) Report Required.--Not later than February 1, 2017, the 
     Chief Information Officer of the Department of Defense, in 
     consultation with the Director of the Defense Information 
     Systems Agency, shall submit to the congressional defense 
     committees a report on the review under subsection (b). Such 
     report shall include the following, with respect to the 
     Constellation system:
       (1) A review of the major software components of the system 
     and an explanation of the requirements of the Department of 
     Defense with respect to each such component.
       (2) Identification of elements and applications of the 
     system that cannot be implemented using the existing 
     technical infrastructure and tools of the Department of 
     Defense or the infrastructure and tools in development.
       (3) A description of major developmental milestones and 
     decision points for additional prototypes needed to establish 
     the full capabilities of the system, including a timeline and 
     detailed metrics and criteria for each such milestone and 
     decision point.
       (4) An overview of a security plan to achieve an accredited 
     cross-domain solution system, including security milestones 
     and proposed security architecture to mitigate both insider 
     and outsider threats.
       (5) Identification of the planned categories of end-users 
     of the system, linked to organizations, mission requirements, 
     and concept of operations, the expected total number of end-
     users, and the associated permissions granted to such users.
       (6) A cost estimate for the full life-cycle cost to 
     complete the Constellation system.

     SEC. 217. LIMITATION ON AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS FOR DEFENSE 
                   INNOVATION UNIT EXPERIMENTAL.

       (a) Limitation.--Of the funds specified in subsection (c), 
     not more than 80 percent may

[[Page H2479]]

     beobligated or expended until the date on which the Secretary 
     of Defense submits to the congressional defense committees 
     the report under subsection (b).
       (b) Report Required.--The Secretary of Defense shall submit 
     to the congressional defense committees a report on the 
     Defense Innovation Unit Experimental. Such report shall 
     include the following:
       (1) The charter and mission statement of the Unit.
       (2) A description of--
       (A) the governance structure of the Unit;
       (B) the metrics used to measure the effectiveness of the 
     Unit;
       (C) the process for coordinating and deconflicting the 
     activities of the Unit with similar activities of the 
     military departments, Defense Agencies, and other departments 
     and agencies of the Federal Government, including activities 
     carried out by In-Q-Tel, the Defense Advanced Research 
     Projects Agency, and Department of Defense laboratories;
       (D) the direct staffing requirements of the Unit, including 
     a description of the desired skills and expertise of such 
     staff;
       (E) the number of civilian and military personnel provided 
     by the military departments and Defense Agencies to support 
     the Unit;
       (F) any planned expansion to new sites, the metrics used to 
     identify such sites, and an explanation of how such expansion 
     will provide access to innovations of nontraditional defense 
     contractors (as such term is defined in section 2302 of title 
     10, United States Code) that are not otherwise accessible;
       (G) how compliance with Department of Defense requirements 
     could affect the ability of such nontraditional defense 
     contractors to market products and obtain funding; and
       (H) how to treat intellectual property that has been 
     developed with little or no government funding.
       (3) Any other information the Secretary determines to be 
     appropriate.
       (c) Funds Specified.--The funds specified in this 
     subsection are as follows:
       (1) Funds authorized to be appropriated by this Act or 
     otherwise made available for fiscal year 2017 for operation 
     and maintenance, Defense-wide, for the Defense Innovation 
     Unit Experimental.
       (2) Funds authorized to be appropriated by this Act or 
     otherwise made available for fiscal year 2017 for research, 
     development, test, and evaluation, Defense-wide, for the 
     Defense Innovation Unit Experimental.

     SEC. 218. LIMITATION ON AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS FOR TACTICAL 
                   COMBAT TRAINING SYSTEM INCREMENT II.

       Of the funds authorized to be appropriated by this Act or 
     otherwise made available for fiscal year 2017 for the 
     Tactical Combat Training System Increment II of the Navy, not 
     more than 80 percent may be obligated or expended until the 
     Secretary of the Navy and the Secretary of the Air Force 
     submit to the congressional defense committees the report 
     required by section 235 of the National Defense Authorization 
     Act for Fiscal Year 2016 (Public Law 114-92; 129 Stat. 780).

     SEC. 219. RESTRUCTURING OF THE DISTRIBUTED COMMON GROUND 
                   SYSTEM OF THE ARMY.

       (a) In General.--Not later than April 1, 2017, the 
     Secretary of the Army shall restructure versions of the 
     distributed common ground system of the Army after Increment 
     1--
       (1) by discontinuing development of any component of the 
     system for which there is commercial software that is capable 
     of fulfilling at least 80 percent of the system requirements 
     applicable to such component; and
       (2) by conducting a review of the acquisition strategy of 
     the program to ensure that procurement of commercial software 
     is the preferred method of meeting program requirements.
       (b) Limitation.--The Secretary of the Army shall not award 
     any contract for the development of any capability for the 
     distributed common ground system of the Army if such a 
     capability is available for purchase on the commercial 
     market, except for minor capabilities that are incidental to 
     and necessary for the proper functioning of a major component 
     of the system.

     SEC. 220. DESIGNATION OF DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE SENIOR 
                   OFFICIAL WITH PRINCIPAL RESPONSIBILITY FOR 
                   DIRECTED ENERGY WEAPONS.

       Not later than 180 days after the date of the enactment of 
     this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall--
       (1) designate a senior official already serving within the 
     Department of Defense as the official with principal 
     responsibility for the development and demonstration of 
     directed energy weapons for the Department; and
       (2) set forth the responsibilities of that senior official 
     with respect to such programs.

                 Subtitle C--Reports and Other Matters

     SEC. 231. STRATEGY FOR ASSURED ACCESS TO TRUSTED 
                   MICROELECTRONICS.

       (a) Strategy.--The Secretary of Defense shall develop a 
     strategy to ensure that the Department of Defense has assured 
     access to trusted microelectronics by not later than 
     September 30, 2020.
       (b) Elements.--The strategy under subsection (a) shall 
     include the following:
       (1) Definitions of the various levels of trust required by 
     classes of Department of Defense systems.
       (2) Means of classifying systems of the Department of 
     Defense based on the level of trust such systems are required 
     to maintain with respect to microelectronics.
       (3) Means by which trust in microelectronics can be 
     assured.
       (4) Means to increase the supplier base for assured 
     microelectronics to ensure multiple supply pathways.
       (5) An assessment of the microelectronics needs of the 
     Department of Defense in future years, including the need for 
     trusted, radiation-hardened microelectronics.
       (6) An assessment of the microelectronic needs of the 
     Department of Defense that may not be fulfilled by entities 
     outside the Department of Defense.
       (7) The resources required to assure access to trusted 
     microelectronics, including infrastructure and investments in 
     science and technology.
       (c) Submission.--Not later than one year after the date of 
     the enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall submit to the 
     congressional defense committees the strategy developed under 
     subsection (a). The strategy shall be submitted in 
     unclassified form, but may include a classified annex.
       (d) Directive Required.--Not later than September 30, 2020, 
     the Secretary of Defense shall issue a directive for the 
     Department of Defense describing how Department of Defense 
     entities may access assured and trusted microelectronics 
     supply chains for Department of Defense systems.
       (e) Certification.--Not later than September 30, 2020, the 
     Secretary of the Defense shall certify to the congressional 
     defense committees that--
       (1) the strategy developed under subsection (a) has been 
     implemented; and
       (2) the Department of Defense has an assured means for 
     accessing a sufficient supply of trusted microelectronics, as 
     required by the strategy developed under subsection (a).
       (f) Definition.--In this section, the terms ``trust'' and 
     ``trusted'' refer, with respect to microelectronics, to the 
     ability of the Department of Defense to have confidence that 
     the microelectronics function as intended and are free of 
     exploitable vulnerabilities, either intentionally or 
     unintentionally designed or inserted as part of the system at 
     any time during its life cycle.

     SEC. 232. PILOT PROGRAM ON EVALUATION OF COMMERCIAL 
                   INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY.

       (a) Pilot Program.--The Director of the Defense Information 
     Systems Agency shall carry out a pilot program to evaluate 
     commercially available information technology tools to better 
     understand the potential impact of such tools on networks and 
     computing environments of the Department of Defense.
       (b) Activities.--Activities under the pilot program may 
     include the following:
       (1) Prototyping, experimentation, operational 
     demonstration, military user assessments, and other means of 
     obtaining quantitative and qualitative feedback on the 
     commercial information technology products.
       (2) Engagement with the commercial information technology 
     industry to--
       (A) forecast military requirements and technology needs; 
     and
       (B) support the development of market strategies and 
     program requirements before finalizing acquisition decisions 
     and strategies.
       (3) Assessment of novel or innovative commercial technology 
     for use by the Department of Defense.
       (4) Assessment of novel or innovative contracting 
     mechanisms to speed delivery of capabilities to the Armed 
     Forces.
       (5) Solicitation of operational user input to shape future 
     information technology requirements of the Department of 
     Defense.
       (c) Limitation on Availability of Funds.--Of the amounts 
     authorized to be appropriated for research, development, 
     test, and evaluation, Defense-wide, for each of fiscal years 
     2017 through 2022, not more than $15,000,000 may be expended 
     on the pilot program in any such fiscal year.

     SEC. 233. PILOT PROGRAM FOR THE ENHANCEMENT OF THE 
                   LABORATORIES AND TEST AND EVALUATION CENTERS OF 
                   THE DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE.

       (a) In General.--The Assistant Secretaries shall jointly 
     carry out a pilot program to demonstrate methods for the more 
     effective development of research, development, test, and 
     evaluation functions.
       (b) Selection and Priority.--The Assistant Secretaries 
     shall jointly select not more than one laboratory and one 
     test and evaluation center from each of the military services 
     to participate in the pilot program under subsection (a).
       (c) Participation in Program.--
       (1) In general.--Subject to paragraph (2), the director of 
     a laboratory or test and evaluation center selected under 
     subsection (b) shall propose and implement alternative and 
     innovative methods of rapid project delivery, support, 
     experimentation, prototyping, and partnership with 
     universities and private sector entities to--
       (A) generate greater value and efficiencies in research and 
     development activities per dollar of cost; and
       (B) enable more rapid deployment of warfighter 
     capabilities.
       (2) Implementation.--The director shall implement each 
     method proposed under paragraph (1) unless such method is 
     disapproved by the Assistant Secretary concerned.
       (d) Waiver Authority for Demonstration and 
     Implementation.--Until the termination of the pilot program 
     under subsection (f), the director of a laboratory or test 
     and evaluation center selected under subsection (b) may waive 
     any restriction or departmental instruction that would affect 
     the implementation of a method proposed under subsection (c), 
     unless such implementation would be prohibited by Federal 
     law.
       (e) Minimum Participation Requirement.--Each laboratory or 
     test and evaluation center selected under subsection (b) 
     shall participate in the pilot program under subsection (a) 
     for a period of not fewer than six years beginning not later 
     than 180 days after the date of the enactment of this Act.

[[Page H2480]]

       (f) Termination.--The pilot program under subsection (a) 
     shall terminate on the date determined appropriate by the 
     Secretary of Defense that is on or after the end of the six-
     year period described in subsection (e).
       (g) Assistant Secretary Defined.--In this section, the term 
     ``Assistant Secretary'' means--
       (1) the Assistant Secretary of the Air Force for 
     Acquisition, with respect to a working capital fund 
     institution of the Air Force;
       (2) the Assistant Secretary of the Army for Acquisition, 
     Technology, and Logistics, with respect to a working capital 
     fund institution of the Army; and
       (3) the Assistant Secretary of the Navy for Research, 
     Development, and Acquisition, with respect to a working 
     capital fund institution of the Navy.

     SEC. 234. PILOT PROGRAM ON MODERNIZATION OF ELECTROMAGNETIC 
                   SPECTRUM WARFARE SYSTEMS AND ELECTRONIC WARFARE 
                   SYSTEMS.

       (a) Pilot Program.--
       (1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense may carry out a 
     pilot program on the modernization of electromagnetic 
     spectrum warfare systems and electronic warfare systems.
       (2) Selection.--If the Secretary carries out the pilot 
     program under paragraph (1), the Electronic Warfare Executive 
     Committee shall select from the list described in section 
     237(b)(4) a total of five electromagnetic spectrum warfare 
     systems and electronic warfare systems across at least two 
     military departments that are currently in sustainment for 
     modernization under the pilot program.
       (b) Definitions.--In this section:
       (1) The term ``electromagnetic spectrum warfare'' means 
     electronic warfare that encompasses military communications 
     and sensing operations that occur in the electromagnetic 
     operational domain.
       (2) The term ``electronic warfare'' means military action 
     involving the use of electromagnetic and directed energy to 
     control the electromagnetic spectrum or to attack the enemy.

     SEC. 235. INDEPENDENT REVIEW OF F/A-18 PHYSIOLOGICAL EPISODES 
                   AND CORRECTIVE ACTIONS.

       (a) Independent Review Required.--The Secretary of the Navy 
     shall conduct an independent review of the plans, programs, 
     and research of the Department of the Navy with respect to--
       (1) physiological events affecting aircrew of the F/A-18 
     Hornet and the F/A-18 Super Hornet aircraft during the 
     covered period; and
       (2) the efforts of the Navy and Marine Corps to prevent and 
     mitigate the affects of such physiological events.
       (b) Conduct of Review.--In conducting the review under 
     subsection (a), the Secretary of the Navy shall--
       (1) designate an appropriate senior official in the Office 
     of the Secretary of the Navy to oversee the review; and
       (2) consult experts from outside the Department of Defense 
     in appropriate technical and medical fields.
       (c) Review Elements.--The review under subsection (a) shall 
     include an evaluation of--
       (1) any data of the Department of the Navy relating to the 
     increased frequency of physiological events affecting aircrew 
     of the F/A-18 Hornet and the F/A-18 Super Hornet aircraft 
     during the covered period;
       (2) aircraft mishaps potentially related to such 
     physiological events;
       (3) the cost and effectiveness of all material, 
     operational, maintenance, and other measures carried out by 
     the Department of the Navy to mitigate such physiological 
     events during the covered period;
       (4) material, operational, maintenance, or other measures 
     that may reduce the rate of such physiological events in the 
     future; and
       (5) the performance of--
       (A) the onboard oxygen generation system in the F/A-18 
     Super Hornet;
       (B) the overall environmental control system in the F/A-18 
     Hornet and F/A-18 Super Hornet; and
       (C) other relevant subsystems of the F/A-18 Hornet and F/A-
     18 Super Hornet, as determined by the Secretary.
       (d) Report Required.--Not later than December 1, 2017, the 
     Secretary of Navy shall submit to the congressional defense 
     committees a report that includes the results of the review 
     under subsection (a).
       (e) Covered Period.--In this section, the term ``covered 
     period'' means the period beginning on January 1, 2009, and 
     ending on the date of the submission of the report under 
     subsection (d).

     SEC. 236. STUDY ON HELICOPTER CRASH PREVENTION AND MITIGATION 
                   TECHNOLOGY.

       (a) Study Required.--The Secretary of Defense shall seek to 
     enter into a contract with a federally funded research and 
     development center to conduct a study on technologies with 
     the potential to prevent and mitigate helicopter crashes.
       (b) Elements.--The study required under subsection (a) 
     shall include the following:
       (1) Identification of technologies with the potential--
       (A) to prevent helicopter crashes (such as collision 
     avoidance technologies and battle space and terrain 
     situational awareness technologies); and
       (B) to improve survivability among individuals involved in 
     such crashes (such as adaptive flight control technologies 
     and improved energy absorbing technologies).
       (2) A cost-benefit analysis of each technology identified 
     under paragraph (1) that takes into account the cost of 
     developing and deploying the technology compared to the 
     potential of the technology to prevent casualties or 
     injuries.
       (3) A list that ranks the technologies identified under 
     paragraph (1) based on--
       (A) the results of the cost-benefit analysis under 
     paragraph (2); and
       (B) the readiness level of each technology.
       (4) An analysis of helicopter crashes that--
       (A) compares the casualty rates of cockpit occupants to the 
     casualty rates of occupants of cargo compartments and troop 
     seats; and
       (B) identifies the root causes of the casualties described 
     in subparagraph (A).
       (c) Briefing.--Not later than one year after the date of 
     the enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall provide to the 
     Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and House of 
     Representatives (and other congressional defense committees 
     on request) a briefing that includes--
       (1) the results of the study required under subsection (a); 
     and
       (2) the list described in subsection (b)(3).

     SEC. 237. REPORT ON ELECTRONIC WARFARE CAPABILITIES.

       (a) Report Required.--Not later than April 1, 2017, the 
     Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition, Technology, and 
     Logistics, acting through the Electronic Warfare Executive 
     Committee, shall submit to the congressional defense 
     committees a report on the electronic warfare capabilities of 
     the Department of Defense.
       (b) Elements.--The report under subsection (a) shall 
     include the following:
       (1) A strategy for advancing and accelerating research, 
     development, test, and evaluation, and fielding, of 
     electronic warfare capabilities to meet current and projected 
     requirements, including recommendations for streamlining 
     acquisition processes with respect to such capabilities.
       (2) A methodology for synchronizing and overseeing 
     electronic warfare strategies, operational concepts, and 
     programs across the Department of Defense, including 
     electronic warfare programs that support or enable cyber 
     operations.
       (3) The training and operational support required for 
     fielding and sustaining current and planned investments in 
     electronic warfare capabilities.
       (4) A comprehensive list of investments of the Department 
     of Defense in electronic warfare capabilities, including the 
     capabilities to be developed, procured, or sustained in--
       (A) the budget of the President for fiscal year 2018 
     submitted to Congress under section 1105(a) of title 31, 
     United States Code; and
       (B) the future-years defense program submitted to Congress 
     under section 221 of title 10, United States Code, for that 
     fiscal year.
       (5) Progress on increasing innovative electromagnetic 
     spectrum warfighting methods and operational concepts that 
     provide advantages within the electromagnetic spectrum 
     operational domain.
       (6) Specific attributes needed in future electronic warfare 
     capabilities, such as networking, adaptability, agility, 
     multifunctionality, and miniaturization, and progress toward 
     incorporating such attributes in new electronic warfare 
     systems.
       (7) Capability gaps with respect to asymmetric and near-
     peer adversaries identified pursuant to a capability gap 
     assessment.
       (8) A joint strategy on achieving near real-time system 
     adaption to rapidly advancing modern digital electronics.
       (9) Any other information the Secretary determines to be 
     appropriate.
       (c) Form.--The report under subsection (a) shall be 
     submitted in unclassified form, but may include a classified 
     annex.

                  TITLE III--OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE

              Subtitle A--Authorization of Appropriations

     SEC. 301. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

       Funds are hereby authorized to be appropriated for fiscal 
     year 2017 for the use of the Armed Forces and other 
     activities and agencies of the Department of Defense for 
     expenses, not otherwise provided for, for operation and 
     maintenance, as specified in the funding table in section 
     4301.

                   Subtitle B--Energy and Environment

     SEC. 311. RULE OF CONSTRUCTION REGARDING ALTERNATIVE FUEL 
                   PROCUREMENT REQUIREMENT.

       Section 526 of the Energy Independence and Security Act of 
     2007 (Public Law 110-140; 42 U.S.C. 17142) is amended by 
     adding at the end the following: ``This provision shall not 
     be construed as a constraint on any conventional or 
     unconventional fuel procurement necessary for military 
     operations, including for test and certification purposes.''

                 Subtitle C--Logistics and Sustainment

     SEC. 321. PILOT PROGRAM FOR INCLUSION OF CERTAIN INDUSTRIAL 
                   PLANTS IN THE ARMAMENT RETOOLING AND 
                   MANUFACTURING SUPPORT INITIATIVE.

       During the five-year period beginning on the date of the 
     enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall treat a 
     Government-owned, contractor-operated industrial plant of the 
     Department of the Army as an eligible facility under section 
     4551(2) of title 10, United States Code.

     SEC. 322. PRIVATE SECTOR PORT LOADING ASSESSMENT.

       (a) Assessments Required.--During the period beginning on 
     the date of the enactment of this Act and ending on the date 
     of the final briefing under subsection (d), the Secretary of 
     the Navy shall conduct quarterly assessments of Naval ship 
     maintenance and loading activities carried out by private 
     sector entities at each covered port.
       (b) Elements of Assessments.--Each assessment under 
     subsection (a) shall include, with respect to each covered 
     port, the following:
       (1) Resources per day, including daily ship availabilities 
     and the workforce available to carry out maintenance and 
     loading activities, for the fiscal year preceding the quarter 
     covered by the assessment through the end of such quarter.

[[Page H2481]]

       (2) Projected resources per day, including daily ship 
     availabilities and the workforce available to carry out 
     maintenance and loading activities, through the end of the 
     second fiscal year beginning after the quarter covered by the 
     assessment.
       (3) A description of the methods by which the Secretary 
     communicates projected workloads to private sector entities 
     engaged in ship maintenance activities and ship loading 
     activities.
       (4) A description of any processes that have been 
     implemented to allow for timely feedback from private sector 
     entities engaged in ship maintenance activities and ship 
     loading activities.
       (c) Sense of Congress.--It is the Sense of Congress that 
     the Secretary should implement measures to minimize workload 
     fluctuations at covered ports to stabilize the private sector 
     workforce and reduce the cost of maintenance availabilities.
       (d) Briefings Required.--Not later than October 1, 2016, 
     and on a quarterly basis thereafter until September 30, 2021, 
     the Secretary shall provide to the Committees on Armed 
     Services of the Senate and House of Representatives (and 
     other congressional defense committees on request)--
       (1) a briefing on the results of the assessments conducted 
     under subsection (a); and
       (2) a chart depicting the information described in 
     paragraphs (1) and (2) of subsection (b) with respect to each 
     covered port.
       (e) Covered Ports.--In this section, the term ``covered 
     ports'' means port facilities used by the Department of 
     Defense in each of the following locations:
       (1) Mayport, Florida.
       (2) Norfolk, Virginia.
       (4) Pearl Harbor, Hawaii.
       (3) Puget Sound, Washington.
       (5) San Diego, California.

     SEC. 323. LIMITATION ON AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS FOR DEFENSE 
                   CONTRACT MANAGEMENT AGENCY.

       (a) Limitation.--Of the funds authorized to be appropriated 
     by this Act or otherwise made available for fiscal year 2017 
     for the operation of the Defense Contract Management Agency, 
     not more than 90 percent may be obligated or expended in 
     fiscal year 2017 until the Director of the agency provides to 
     the congressional defense committees the briefing under 
     subsection (b).
       (b) Briefing.--The Director of the Defense Contract 
     Management Agency shall provide to the Committees on Armed 
     Services of the Senate and House of Representatives (and 
     other congressional defense committees on request) a briefing 
     that includes the following:
       (1) A plan describing how the agency will foster the 
     adoption, implementation, and verification of item-unique 
     identification standards for tangible personal property 
     across the Department of Defense and the defense industrial 
     base (as prescribed under Department of Defense Instruction 
     8320.04).
       (2) A description of the policies, procedures, staff 
     training, and equipment needed to--
       (A) ensure contract compliance with item-unique 
     identification standards for all items that require unique 
     item-level traceability at any time in their life cycle;
       (B) support counterfeit material risk reduction; and
       (C) provide for the systematic assessment and accuracy of 
     item-unique identification marks.

                          Subtitle D--Reports

     SEC. 331. MODIFICATION OF ANNUAL DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE ENERGY 
                   MANAGEMENT REPORTS.

       (a) Modification of Annual Report Related to Installations 
     Energy Management.--Subsection (a) of section 2925 of title 
     10, United States Code, is amended to read as follows:
       ``(a) Annual Report Related to Installations Energy 
     Management.--Not later than 120 days after the end of each 
     fiscal year ending before January 31, 2021, the Secretary of 
     Defense shall submit to the congressional defense committees 
     an installation energy report detailing the fulfillment 
     during that fiscal year of the energy performance goals for 
     the Department of Defense under section 2911 of this title. 
     Each report shall contain the following:
       ``(1) The energy performance goals for the Department of 
     Defense with respect to transportation systems, support 
     systems, utilities, and infrastructure and facilities for the 
     fiscal year covered by the report and the next 5, 10, and 20 
     fiscal years, including any changes to such energy 
     performance goals since the submission of the previous report 
     under this section.
       ``(2) A master plan for the achievement of the energy 
     performance goals of the Department of Defense, as such goals 
     are set forth in any laws, regulations, executive orders, or 
     Department of Defense policies, including--
       ``(A) a separate plan for each military department and 
     Defense Agency;
       ``(B) a standard for the measurement of energy consumed by 
     transportation systems, support systems, utilities, and 
     facilities and infrastructure, applied consistently across 
     the military departments;
       ``(C) a methodology for measuring reductions in energy 
     consumption that accounts for changes--
       ``(i) in the sizes of fleets; and
       ``(ii) in the number and overall square footage of facility 
     plants;
       ``(D) standards to track annual progress in meeting energy 
     performance goals;
       ``(E) a description of any requirements and proposed 
     investments relating to energy performance goals included in 
     the materials submitted in support of the budget of the 
     President (as submitted to Congress under section 1105(a) of 
     title 31) for the fiscal year covered by the report; and
       ``(F) a description of any energy savings resulting from 
     the implementation of the master plan or any other energy 
     performance measures.
       ``(3) A table listing all energy projects financed through 
     third party financing mechanisms (including energy savings 
     performance contracts, enhanced use leases, utility energy 
     service contracts, utility privatization agreements, and 
     other contractual mechanisms), including--
       ``(A) the duration of each such mechanism, an estimate of 
     the financial obligation incurred through the duration of 
     each such mechanism, whether the project incorporates energy 
     security into its design, and the estimated payback period 
     for each such mechanism; and
       ``(B) any renewable energy certificates relating to the 
     project, including the purchasing authority for the 
     certificates, the price of the certificates, and whether the 
     certificates were bundled or unbundled.
       ``(4) A description of the types and quantities of energy 
     consumed by the Department of Defense and by members of the 
     armed forces and civilian personnel residing or working on 
     military installations during the fiscal year covered by the 
     report, including a breakdown of energy consumption by--
       ``(A) user group;
       ``(B) the type of energy consumed, including the quantities 
     of any renewable energy consumed that was produced or 
     procured by the Department of Defense; and
       ``(C) the cost of the energy consumed.
       ``(5) A description of the types and amount of financial 
     incentives received under section 2913 of this title during 
     the preceding fiscal year and the appropriation account or 
     accounts to which the incentives were credited.
       ``(6) A description and estimate of the progress made by 
     the military departments in meeting the certification 
     requirements for sustainable green-building standards in 
     construction and major renovations as required by section 433 
     of the Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007 (Public 
     Law 110-140; 121 Stat. 1612).
       ``(7) Details of utility outages at military installations, 
     including the total number and locations of outages, the 
     financial impact of the outages, and measures taken to 
     mitigate outages in the future at the affected locations and 
     across the Department of Defense.
       ``(8) A description of any other issues and strategies the 
     Secretary determines relevant to a comprehensive and 
     renewable energy policy.''.
       (b) Modification of Annual Report Related to Operational 
     Energy.--Subsection (b) of section 2925 of title 10, United 
     States Code, is amended--
       (1) in paragraph (1), by striking ``138c of this title'' 
     and inserting ``2926(b) of this title''; and
       (2) in paragraph (2), by adding at the end the following 
     new subparagraph:
       ``(H) The comments and recommendations of the Assistant 
     Secretary under section 2926(c) of this title, including the 
     certification required under paragraph (3) of such 
     section.''.
       (c) Effective Date.--The amendments made by this section 
     shall take effect on the date of the enactment of this Act 
     and shall apply with respect to reports required to be 
     submitted under section 2925 of title 10, United States Code, 
     after such date.

     SEC. 332. REPORT ON EQUIPMENT PURCHASED FROM FOREIGN ENTITIES 
                   AND AUTHORITY TO ADJUST ARMY ARSENAL LABOR 
                   RATES.

       (a) Report Required.--Not later than 30 days after the date 
     on which the budget of the President for fiscal year 2018 is 
     submitted to Congress pursuant to section 1105 of title 31, 
     Unites States Code, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to 
     the congressional defense committees a report on the 
     equipment, weapons, weapons systems, components, 
     subcomponents, and end-items purchased from foreign entities 
     that identifies those items which could be manufactured in 
     the military arsenals of the United States or the military 
     depots of the United States to meet the goals of this section 
     or section 2464 of title 10, United States Code, as well as a 
     plan for moving that workload into such arsenals or depots.
       (b) Elements.--The report under subsection (a) shall 
     include each of the following:
       (1) A list of items identified in the report required under 
     section 333 of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
     Fiscal Year 2016 (Public Law 114-92; 129 Stat. 792) and a 
     list of any items purchased from foreign manufacturers after 
     the date of the submission of such report that are--
       (A) described in section 8302(a)(1) of title 41, United 
     States Code, and purchased from a foreign manufacturer by 
     reason of an exception under section 8302(a)(2)(A) or section 
     8302(a)(2)(B) of such title;
       (B) described in section 2533b(a)(1) of title 10, United 
     States Code, and purchased from a foreign manufacturer by 
     reason of an exception under section 2533b(b); and
       (C) described in section 2534(a) of such title and 
     purchased from a foreign manufacturer by reason of a waiver 
     exercised under paragraph (1), (2), (4), or (5) of section 
     2534(d) of such title.
       (2) An assessment of the skills required to manufacture the 
     items described in paragraph (1) and a comparison of those 
     skills with skills required to meet the critical capabilities 
     identified in the report of the Army to Congress on Critical 
     Manufacturing Capabilities and Capacities, dated August 2013, 
     and the core logistics capabilities identified by each 
     military service pursuant to section 2464 of title 10, United 
     States Code, as of the date of the enactment of this Act.
       (3) An identification of the tooling, equipment, and 
     facilities upgrades necessary for a military arsenal or depot 
     to manufacture items described in paragraph (1).
       (4) An identification of items described in paragraph (1) 
     most appropriate for transfer to military arsenals or depots 
     to meet the goals of this section or the requirements of 
     section 2464 of title 10, United States Code.

[[Page H2482]]

       (5) An explanation of the rationale for continuing to sole-
     source the manufacturing of items described in paragraph (1) 
     from a foreign source rather than a military arsenal, depot, 
     or other organic facility.
       (6) Such other information the Secretary determines to be 
     appropriate.
       (c) Authority to Adjust Labor Rates to Reflect Work 
     Production.--
       (1) In general.--Not later than March 1, 2017, the 
     Secretary of Defense shall establish a two-year pilot program 
     for the purpose of permitting the Army arsenals to adjust 
     periodically, throughout the year, their labor rates charged 
     to customers based upon changes in workload and other 
     factors.
       (2) Briefing.--Not later than May 1, 2019, the Secretary of 
     Defense shall provide to the Committees on Armed Services of 
     the Senate and the House of Representatives a briefing that 
     assesses--
       (A) each Army arsenal's changes in labor rates throughout 
     the previous year;
       (B) the ability of each arsenal to meet the costs of their 
     working-capital funds; and
       (C) the effect on arsenal workloads of labor rate changes.

                       Subtitle E--Other Matters

     SEC. 341. EXPLOSIVE ORDNANCE DISPOSAL CORPS.

       Section 3063 of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
       (1) in paragraph (12), by striking ``and'' at the end;
       (2) by redesignating paragraph (13) as paragraph (14); and
       (3) by inserting after paragraph (12) the following new 
     paragraph (13):
       ``(13) Explosive Ordnance Disposal Corps; and''.

     SEC. 342. EXPLOSIVE ORDNANCE DISPOSAL PROGRAM.

       (a) In General.--Chapter 136 of title 10, United States 
     Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new 
     section:

     ``Sec. 2283. Explosive ordnance disposal program

       ``(a) In General.--The Secretary of Defense shall carry out 
     a program to be known as the `Explosive Ordnance Disposal 
     Program' (in this section referred to as the `Program') under 
     which the Secretary shall ensure close and continuous 
     coordination between the military departments on matters 
     relating to explosive ordnance disposal.
       ``(b) Roles, Responsibilities, and Authorities.--In 
     carrying out the Program under subsection (a)--
       ``(1) the Secretary of Defense shall--
       ``(A) assign responsibility for the coordination and 
     integration of explosive ordnance disposal to a single office 
     or entity in the Office of the Secretary of Defense;
       ``(B) designate the Secretary of the Navy, or a designee of 
     the Secretary's choice, as the executive agent for the 
     Department of Defense to coordinate and integrate research, 
     development, test, and evaluation activities and procurement 
     activities of the military departments with respect to 
     explosive ordnance disposal; and
       ``(C) exercise oversight over explosive ordnance disposal 
     through the Defense Acquisition Board process; and
       ``(2) the Secretary of each military department shall 
     assess the needs of the military department concerned with 
     respect to explosive ordnance disposal and may carry out 
     research, development, test, and evaluation activities and 
     procurement activities to address such needs.
       ``(c) Annual Budget Justification Documents.-- (1) The 
     Secretary of Defense shall submit to Congress, as a part of 
     the defense budget materials for each fiscal year after 
     fiscal year 2017, a consolidated budget justification 
     display, in classified and unclassified form, that covers all 
     activities of Department of Defense relating to the Program.
       ``(2) The budget display under paragraph (1) for a fiscal 
     year shall include a single program element for each of the 
     following:
       ``(A) Research, development, test, and evaluation.
       ``(B) Procurement.
       ``(C) Military construction.
       ``(d) Management Review.--(1) The Secretary of Defense, 
     acting through the Office of the Secretary of Defense 
     assigned responsibility for the coordination and integration 
     of explosive ordnance disposal under subsection (b)(1)(A), 
     shall conduct a review of the management structure of the 
     Program, including--
       ``(A) research, development, test, and evaluation;
       ``(B) procurement;
       ``(C) doctrine development;
       ``(D) policy;
       ``(E) training;
       ``(F) development of requirements;
       ``(G) readiness; and
       ``(H) risk assessment.
       ``(2) Not later than May 1, 2018, the Secretary shall 
     provide to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and 
     the House of Representatives a briefing that includes--
       ``(A) the results of the review described in paragraph (1); 
     and
       ``(B) a description of any measures undertaken to improve 
     joint coordination and oversight of the Program and ensure a 
     coherent and effective approach to its management.
       ``(e) Definitions.--In this section:
       ``(1) The term `explosive ordnance' means any munition 
     containing explosives, nuclear fission or fusion materials, 
     or biological or chemical agents, including--
       ``(A) bombs and warheads;
       ``(B) guided and ballistic missiles;
       ``(C) artillery, mortar, rocket, and small arms munitions;
       ``(D) mines, torpedoes, and depth charges;
       ``(E) demolition charges;
       ``(F) pyrotechnics;
       ``(G) clusters and dispensers;
       ``(H) cartridge and propellant actuated devices;
       ``(I) electro-explosive devices; and
       ``(J) clandestine and improvised explosive devices.
       ``(2) The term `disposal' means, with respect to explosive 
     ordnance, the detection, identification, field evaluation, 
     defeat, disablement, or rendering safe, recovery and 
     exploitation, and final disposition of the ordnance.''.
       (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the 
     beginning of such chapter is amended by adding at the end the 
     following new item:

``2283. Explosive ordnance disposal program.''.

     SEC. 343. EXPANSION OF DEFINITION OF STRUCTURES INTERFERING 
                   WITH AIR COMMERCE AND NATIONAL DEFENSE.

       (a) Notice.--Section 44718(a) of title 49, United States 
     Code, is amended--
       (1) in paragraph (1), by striking ``and'' at the end;
       (2) in paragraph (2), by striking the period at the end and 
     inserting ``; or''; and
       (3) by adding at the end the following:
       ``(3) the interests of national security, as determined by 
     the Secretary of Defense.''.
       (b) Studies.--Section 44718(b) of title 49, United States 
     Code, is amended to read as follows:
       ``(b) Studies.--
       ``(1) In general.--Under regulations prescribed by the 
     Secretary, if the Secretary decides that constructing or 
     altering a structure may result in an obstruction of the 
     navigable airspace, an interference with air navigation 
     facilities and equipment or the navigable airspace, or, after 
     consultation with the Secretary of Defense, an unacceptable 
     risk to the national security of the United States, the 
     Secretary shall conduct an aeronautical study to decide the 
     extent of such impacts on the safe and efficient use of the 
     airspace, facilities, or equipment. In conducting the study, 
     the Secretary shall--
       ``(A) consider factors relevant to the efficient and 
     effective use of the navigable airspace, including--
       ``(i) the impact on arrival, departure, and en route 
     procedures for aircraft operating under visual flight rules;
       ``(ii) the impact on arrival, departure, and en route 
     procedures for aircraft operating under instrument flight 
     rules;
       ``(iii) the impact on existing public-use airports and 
     aeronautical facilities;
       ``(iv) the impact on planned public-use airports and 
     aeronautical facilities;
       ``(v) the cumulative impact resulting from the proposed 
     construction or alteration of a structure when combined with 
     the impact of other existing or proposed structures; and
       ``(vi) other factors relevant to the efficient and 
     effective use of navigable airspace; and
       ``(B) include the finding made by the Secretary of Defense 
     under subsection (f).
       ``(2) Report.--On completing the study, the Secretary shall 
     issue a report disclosing the extent of the--
       ``(A) adverse impact on the safe and efficient use of the 
     navigable airspace that the Secretary finds will result from 
     constructing or altering the structure; and
       ``(B) unacceptable risk to the national security of the 
     United States, as determined by the Secretary of Defense 
     under subsection (f).''.
       (c) National Security Finding; Definition.--Section 44718 
     of title 49, United States Code, is amended by adding at the 
     end the following:
       ``(f) National Security Finding.--As part of an 
     aeronautical study conducted under subsection (b), the 
     Secretary of Defense shall--
       ``(1) make a finding on whether the construction, 
     alteration, establishment, or expansion of a structure or 
     sanitary landfill included in the study would result in an 
     unacceptable risk to the national security of the United 
     States; and
       ``(2) transmit the finding to the Secretary of 
     Transportation for inclusion in the report required under 
     subsection (b)(2).
       ``(g) Unacceptable Risk to National Security of United 
     States Defined.--In this section, the term `unacceptable risk 
     to the national security of the United States' has the 
     meaning given the term in section 211.3 of title 32, Code of 
     Federal Regulations, as in effect on January 6, 2014.''.
       (d) Conforming Amendments.--
       (1) Section heading.--Section 44718 of title 49, United 
     States Code, is amended in the section heading by inserting 
     ``or national security'' after ``air commerce''.
       (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at the 
     beginning of chapter 447 of title 49, United States Code, is 
     amended by striking the item relating to section 44718 and 
     inserting the following:

``44718. Structures interfering with air commerce or national 
              security.''.

     SEC. 344. DEVELOPMENT OF PERSONAL PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT FOR 
                   FEMALE MARINES AND SOLDIERS.

       The Secretary of the Navy and the Commandant of the Marine 
     Corps shall work in coordination with the Secretary of the 
     Army to develop, not later than April 1, 2017, a joint 
     acquisition strategy to provide more effective personal 
     protective equipment and organizational clothing and 
     equipment to meet the specific and unique requirements for 
     female Marines and soldiers.

     SEC. 345. STUDY ON SPACE-AVAILABLE TRAVEL SYSTEM OF THE 
                   DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE.

       (a) Study Required.--Not later than 90 days after the date 
     of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall 
     seek to enter into a contract with a federally funded 
     research and development center to conduct an independent 
     study on the space-available travel system of the Department 
     of Defense.
       (b) Report Required.--Not later than 180 days after 
     entering into a contract with a federally funded research and 
     development

[[Page H2483]]

     centerunder subsection (a), the Secretary shall submit to the 
     congressional defense committees a report summarizing the 
     results of the study conducted under such subsection.
       (c) Elements.--The report under subsection (b) shall 
     include, with respect to the space-available travel system, 
     the following:
       (1) A determination of--
       (A) the capacity of the system as of the date of the 
     enactment of this Act;
       (B) the projected capacity of the system for the 10-year 
     period following such date of enactment; and
       (C) the projected number of reserve retirees, active duty 
     retirees, and dependents of such retirees that will exist by 
     the end of such 10-year period.
       (2) Estimates of system capacity based the projections 
     described in paragraph (1).
       (3) A discussion of the efficiency of the system and data 
     regarding the use of available space with respect to each 
     category of passengers eligible for space-available travel 
     under existing regulations.
       (4) A description of the effect on system capacity if 
     eligibility for space-available travel is extended to--
       (A) drilling reserve component personnel and dependents of 
     such personnel on international flights;
       (B) dependents of reserve component retirees who are less 
     than 60 years of age;
       (C) retirees who are less than 60 years of age on 
     international flights; and
       (D) drilling reserve component personnel traveling to 
     drilling locations.
       (5) A discussion of logistical and management problems, 
     including congestion at terminals, waiting times, lodging 
     availability, and personal hardships experienced by 
     travelers.
       (6) An evaluation of the cost of the system and whether 
     space-available travel is and can remain cost-neutral.
       (7) An evaluation of the feasibility of expanding the 
     categories of passengers eligible for space-available travel 
     to include--
       (A) in the case of overseas travel, retired members of an 
     active or reserve component, including retired members of 
     reserve components, who, but for being under the eligibility 
     age applicable to the member under section 12731 of title 10, 
     United States Code, would be eligible for retired pay under 
     chapter 1223 of such title; and
       (B) unremarried widows and widowers of active or reserve 
     component members of the Armed Forces.
       (8) Such other factors relating to the efficiency and cost 
     of the system as the Secretary determines to be appropriate.
       (d) Additional Responsibilities.--In addition to carrying 
     out subsections (a) through (c), the Secretary of Defense 
     shall--
       (1) analyze the methods used to prioritize among the 
     categories of individuals eligible for space-available travel 
     and make recommendations for--
       (A) re-ordering the priority of such categories; and
       (B) adding additional categories of eligible individuals; 
     and
       (2) collect data on travelers who request but do not obtain 
     available travel spaces under the space-available travel 
     system.

     SEC. 346. SUPPLY OF SPECIALTY MOTORS FROM CERTAIN 
                   MANUFACTURERS.

       To ensure that an adequate, competitive supply of custom 
     designed motors is available to the Department of Defense, 
     particularly to meet its replacement motor requirements for 
     older equipment, and to protect small businesses that supply 
     such motors to the Department of Defense, the requirements of 
     section 431.25 of title 10, Code of Federal Regulations, 
     shall not be enforced against manufacturers of specialty 
     motors, whether characterized by the Department as special 
     purpose or definite purpose motors, provided that such 
     manufacturers qualify as small businesses and provided 
     further that such manufacturers do not also manufacture 
     general purpose motors and provided further that such 
     manufacturers were in the business of manufacturing such 
     motors on June 1, 2016.

     SEC. 347. LIMITATION ON USE OF CERTAIN FUNDS UNTIL 
                   ESTABLISHMENT AND IMPLEMENTATION OF REQUIRED 
                   PROCESS BY WHICH MEMBERS OF THE ARMED FORCES 
                   MAY CARRY APPROPRIATE FIREARMS ON MILITARY 
                   INSTALLATIONS.

       Of the amounts authorized to be appropriated for Operation 
     and Maintenance, Defense-Wide, for the Office of the Under 
     Secretary of Defense for Policy, for fiscal year 2017, not 
     more than 85 percent of such amounts may be obligated or 
     expended until the Secretary of Defense establishes and 
     implements the process by which members of the Armed Forces 
     may carry an appropriate firearm on a military installation, 
     as required by section 526 of the National Defense 
     Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2016 (Public Law 114-92; 
     129 Stat. 813; 10 U.S.C. 2672 note).

              TITLE IV--MILITARY PERSONNEL AUTHORIZATIONS

                       Subtitle A--Active Forces

     SEC. 401. END STRENGTHS FOR ACTIVE FORCES.

       The Armed Forces are authorized strengths for active duty 
     personnel as of September 30, 2017, as follows:
       (1) The Army, 480,000.
       (2) The Navy, 324,615.
       (3) The Marine Corps, 185,000.
       (4) The Air Force, 321,000.

     SEC. 402. REVISIONS IN PERMANENT ACTIVE DUTY END STRENGTH 
                   MINIMUM LEVELS.

       Section 691(b) of title 10, United States Code, is amended 
     by striking paragraphs (1) through (4) and inserting the 
     following new paragraphs:
       ``(1) For the Army, 480,000.
       ``(2) For the Navy, 322,900.
       ``(3) For the Marine Corps, 185,000.
       ``(4) For the Air Force, 321,000.''.

                       Subtitle B--Reserve Forces

     SEC. 411. END STRENGTHS FOR SELECTED RESERVE.

       (a) In General.--The Armed Forces are authorized strengths 
     for Selected Reserve personnel of the reserve components as 
     of September 30, 2017, as follows:
       (1) The Army National Guard of the United States, 350,000.
       (2) The Army Reserve, 205,000.
       (3) The Navy Reserve, 58,000.
       (4) The Marine Corps Reserve, 38,500.
       (5) The Air National Guard of the United States, 105,700.
       (6) The Air Force Reserve, 69,000.
       (7) The Coast Guard Reserve, 7,000.
       (b) End Strength Reductions.--The end strengths prescribed 
     by subsection (a) for the Selected Reserve of any reserve 
     component shall be proportionately reduced by--
       (1) the total authorized strength of units organized to 
     serve as units of the Selected Reserve of such component 
     which are on active duty (other than for training) at the end 
     of the fiscal year; and
       (2) the total number of individual members not in units 
     organized to serve as units of the Selected Reserve of such 
     component who are on active duty (other than for training or 
     for unsatisfactory participation in training) without their 
     consent at the end of the fiscal year.
       (c) End Strength Increases.--Whenever units or individual 
     members of the Selected Reserve for any reserve component are 
     released from active duty during any fiscal year, the end 
     strength prescribed for such fiscal year for the Selected 
     Reserve of such reserve component shall be increased 
     proportionately by the total authorized strengths of such 
     units and by the total number of such individual members.

     SEC. 412. END STRENGTHS FOR RESERVES ON ACTIVE DUTY IN 
                   SUPPORT OF THE RESERVES.

       Within the end strengths prescribed in section 411(a), the 
     reserve components of the Armed Forces are authorized, as of 
     September 30, 2017, the following number of Reserves to be 
     serving on full-time active duty or full-time duty, in the 
     case of members of the National Guard, for the purpose of 
     organizing, administering, recruiting, instructing, or 
     training the reserve components:
       (1) The Army National Guard of the United States, 30,155.
       (2) The Army Reserve, 16,261.
       (3) The Navy Reserve, 9,955.
       (4) The Marine Corps Reserve, 2,261.
       (5) The Air National Guard of the United States, 14,764.
       (6) The Air Force Reserve, 2,955.

     SEC. 413. END STRENGTHS FOR MILITARY TECHNICIANS (DUAL 
                   STATUS).

       The minimum number of military technicians (dual status) as 
     of the last day of fiscal year 2017 for the reserve 
     components of the Army and the Air Force (notwithstanding 
     section 129 of title 10, United States Code) shall be the 
     following:
       (1) For the Army National Guard of the United States, 
     25,507.
       (2) For the Army Reserve, 7,570.
       (3) For the Air National Guard of the United States, 
     22,103.
       (4) For the Air Force Reserve, 10,061.

     SEC. 414. FISCAL YEAR 2017 LIMITATION ON NUMBER OF NON-DUAL 
                   STATUS TECHNICIANS.

       (a) Limitations.--
       (1) National guard.--Within the limitation provided in 
     section 10217(c)(2) of title 10, United States Code, the 
     number of non-dual status technicians employed by the 
     National Guard as of September 30, 2017, may not exceed the 
     following:
       (A) For the Army National Guard of the United States, 
     1,600.
       (B) For the Air National Guard of the United States, 350.
       (2) Army reserve.--The number of non-dual status 
     technicians employed by the Army Reserve as of September 30, 
     2017, may not exceed 420.
       (3) Air force reserve.--The number of non-dual status 
     technicians employed by the Air Force Reserve as of September 
     30, 2017, may not exceed 90.
       (b) Non-dual Status Technicians Defined.--In this section, 
     the term ``non-dual status technician'' has the meaning given 
     that term in section 10217(a) of title 10, United States 
     Code.

     SEC. 415. MAXIMUM NUMBER OF RESERVE PERSONNEL AUTHORIZED TO 
                   BE ON ACTIVE DUTY FOR OPERATIONAL SUPPORT.

       During fiscal year 2017, the maximum number of members of 
     the reserve components of the Armed Forces who may be serving 
     at any time on full-time operational support duty under 
     section 115(b) of title 10, United States Code, is the 
     following:
       (1) The Army National Guard of the United States, 17,000.
       (2) The Army Reserve, 13,000.
       (3) The Navy Reserve, 6,200.
       (4) The Marine Corps Reserve, 3,000.
       (5) The Air National Guard of the United States, 16,000.
       (6) The Air Force Reserve, 14,000.

     SEC. 416. SENSE OF CONGRESS ON FULL-TIME SUPPORT FOR THE ARMY 
                   NATIONAL GUARD.

       It is the sense of Congress that--
       (1) an adequately supported, full-time support force 
     consisting of active and reserve personnel and military 
     technicians for the Army National Guard is essential to 
     maintaining the readiness of the Army National Guard;
       (2) the full-time support force for the Army National Guard 
     is the primary mechanism through which the programs of the 
     Army and the Department of Defense are delivered to all 
     350,000 soldiers of the Army National Guard;
       (3) reductions in active and reserve personnel and military 
     technicians since 2014,

[[Page H2484]]

     totaling2401, have adversely impacted the readiness of the 
     Army National Guard;
       (4) the growth in the full-time support force for the Army 
     National Guard since 2014 is due solely to validated 
     requirements originating before September 11, 2001, and not 
     war-time growth;
       (5) funding for the full-time support force for the Army 
     National Guard has never exceeded 72 percent of the validated 
     requirement of the headquarters of the Department of the 
     Army;
       (6) the current size of the full-time support force for the 
     Army National Guard is the minimum required to maintain 
     foundational readiness requirements; and
       (7) further reducing the size of the full-time support 
     force for the Army National Guard will have adverse and long-
     lasting impacts on readiness.

              Subtitle C--Authorization of Appropriations

     SEC. 421. MILITARY PERSONNEL.

       (a) Authorization of Appropriations.--Funds are hereby 
     authorized to be appropriated for fiscal year 2017 for the 
     use of the Armed Forces and other activities and agencies of 
     the Department of Defense for expenses, not otherwise 
     provided for, for military personnel, as specified in the 
     funding table in section 4401.
       (b) Construction of Authorization.--The authorization of 
     appropriations in subsection (a) supersedes any other 
     authorization of appropriations (definite or indefinite) for 
     such purpose for fiscal year 2017.

                   TITLE V--MILITARY PERSONNEL POLICY

                  Subtitle A--Officer Personnel Policy

     SEC. 501. NUMBER OF MARINE CORPS GENERAL OFFICERS.

       (a) Distribution of Commissioned Officers on Active Duty in 
     General Officer and Flag Officer Grades.--Section 525(a)(4) 
     of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
       (1) in subparagraph (B), by striking ``15'' and inserting 
     ``17''; and
       (2) in subparagraph (C), by striking ``23'' and inserting 
     ``22''.
       (b) General and Flag Officers on Active Duty.--Section 
     526(a)(4) of such title is amended by striking ``61'' and 
     inserting ``62''.
       (c) Deputy Commandants.--Section 5045 of such title is 
     amended by striking ``six'' and inserting ``seven''.

     SEC. 502. EQUAL CONSIDERATION OF OFFICERS FOR EARLY 
                   RETIREMENT OR DISCHARGE.

       Section 638a of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
       (1) in subsection (b), by adding at the end the following 
     new paragraph:
       ``(4) Convening selection boards under section 611(b) of 
     this title to consider for early retirement or discharge 
     regular officers on the active-duty list in a grade below 
     lieutenant colonel or commander--
       ``(A) who have served at least one year of active duty in 
     the grade currently held; and
       ``(B) whose names are not on a list of officers recommended 
     for promotion.'';
       (2) by redesignating subsection (e) as subsection (f); and
       (3) by inserting after subsection (d) the following new 
     subsection (e):
       ``(e)(1) In the case of action under subsection (b)(4), the 
     Secretary of the military department concerned shall specify 
     the total number of officers described in that subsection 
     that a selection board convened under section 611(b) of this 
     title pursuant to the authority of that subsection may 
     recommend for early retirement or discharge. Officers who are 
     eligible, or are within two years of becoming eligible, to be 
     retired under any provision of law (other than by reason of 
     eligibility pursuant to section 4403 of the National Defense 
     Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1993 (Public Law 102-484)), 
     if selected by the board, shall be retired or retained until 
     becoming eligible to retire under sections 3911, 6323, or 
     8911 of this title, and those officers who are otherwise 
     ineligible to retire under any provision of law shall, if 
     selected by the board, be discharged.
       ``(2) In the case of action under subsection (b)(4), the 
     Secretary of the military department concerned may submit to 
     a selection board convened pursuant to that subsection--
       ``(A) the names of all eligible officers described in that 
     subsection, whether or not they are eligible to be retired 
     under any provision of law, in a particular grade and 
     competitive category; or
       ``(B) the names of all eligible officers described in that 
     subsection in a particular grade and competitive category, 
     whether or not they are eligible to be retired under any 
     provision of law, who are also in particular year groups, 
     specialties, or retirement categories, or any combination 
     thereof, with that competitive category.
       ``(3) The number of officers specified under paragraph (1) 
     may not be more than 30 percent of the number of officers 
     considered.
       ``(4) An officer who is recommended for discharge by a 
     selection board convened pursuant to the authority of 
     subsection (b)(4) and whose discharge is approved by the 
     Secretary concerned shall be discharged on a date specified 
     by the Secretary concerned.
       ``(5) Selection of officers for discharge under this 
     subsection shall be based on the needs of the service.''.

     SEC. 503. MODIFICATION OF AUTHORITY TO DROP FROM ROLLS A 
                   COMMISSIONED OFFICER.

        Section 1161(b) of title 10, United States Code, is 
     amended by inserting ``or the Secretary of Defense, or in the 
     case of a commissioned officer of the Coast Guard, the 
     Secretary of the department in which the Coast Guard is 
     operating when it is not operating in the Navy,'' after 
     ``President''.

                Subtitle B--Reserve Component Management

     SEC. 511. EXTENSION OF REMOVAL OF RESTRICTIONS ON THE 
                   TRANSFER OF OFFICERS BETWEEN THE ACTIVE AND 
                   INACTIVE NATIONAL GUARD.

       Section 512 of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
     Fiscal Year 2014 (Public Law 113-66; 127 Stat. 752; 32 U.S.C. 
     prec. 301 note) is amended--
       (1) in subsection (a) in the matter preceding paragraph 
     (1), by striking ``December 31, 2016'' and inserting 
     ``December 31, 2019''; and
       (2) in subsection (b) in the matter preceding paragraph 
     (1), by striking ``December 31, 2016'' and inserting 
     ``December 31, 2019''.

     SEC. 512. EXTENSION OF TEMPORARY AUTHORITY TO USE AIR FORCE 
                   RESERVE COMPONENT PERSONNEL TO PROVIDE TRAINING 
                   AND INSTRUCTION REGARDING PILOT TRAINING.

        Section 514(a)(1) of the National Defense Authorization 
     Act for Fiscal Year 2016 (Public Law 114-92; 129 Stat. 810) 
     is amended by inserting ``and fiscal year 2017'' after 
     ``During fiscal year 2016''.

     SEC. 513. LIMITATIONS ON ORDERING SELECTED RESERVE TO ACTIVE 
                   DUTY FOR PREPLANNED MISSIONS IN SUPPORT OF THE 
                   COMBATANT COMMANDS.

       Section 12304b(b) of title 10, United States Code, is 
     amended--
       (1) in paragraph (1), by striking ``only'' in the matter 
     preceding subparagraph (A);
       (2) by redesignating paragraph (2) as paragraph (3); and
       (3) by inserting after paragraph (1) the following new 
     paragraph:
       ``(2) In lieu of paragraph (1), units may be ordered to 
     active duty under this section if--
       ``(A) the manpower and associated costs of such active duty 
     has been identified by the Secretary concerned as an emerging 
     requirement in the year of execution; and
       ``(B) the Secretary concerned provides 30-day advance 
     notification to the congressional defense committees that 
     identifies the funds required to support the order, a 
     description of the mission for which the units will be 
     ordered to active duty, and the anticipated length of time of 
     the order of such units to active duty on an involuntary 
     basis.''.

     SEC. 514. EXEMPTION OF MILITARY TECHNICIANS (DUAL STATUS) 
                   FROM CIVILIAN EMPLOYEE FURLOUGHS.

       Section 10216(b)(3) of title 10, United States Code, is 
     amended by inserting after ``reductions'' the following: 
     ``(including temporary reductions by furlough or 
     otherwise)''.

                Subtitle C--General Service Authorities

     SEC. 521. TECHNICAL CORRECTION TO ANNUAL AUTHORIZATION FOR 
                   PERSONNEL STRENGTHS.

       Section 115 of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
       (1) in subsection (b)(1)--
       (A) in subparagraph (B), by striking ``502(f)(2)'' and 
     inserting ``502(f)(1)(B)''; and
       (B) in subparagraph (C), by striking ``502(f)(2)'' and 
     inserting ``502(f)(1)(B)''; and
       (2) in subsection (i)(7), by striking ``502(f)(1)'' and 
     inserting ``502(f)(1)(A)''.

     SEC. 522. ENTITLEMENT TO LEAVE FOR ADOPTION OF CHILD BY DUAL 
                   MILITARY COUPLES.

       Section 701(i) of title 10, United States Code, is 
     amended--
       (1) in paragraph (1), by inserting ``except as provided in 
     paragraph (3),'' after ``the Secretary of Defense,''; and
       (2) in paragraph (3), by striking ``only one such member 
     shall be allowed leave under this subsection'' and inserting 
     ``one of the members shall be allowed up to 21 days of leave 
     under this subsection and the other member shall be allowed 
     up to 14 days of leave under this subsection''.

     SEC. 523. REVISION OF DEPLOYABILITY RATING SYSTEM AND 
                   PLANNING REFORM.

       (a) Deployment Prioritization and Readiness.--
       (1) In general.--Chapter 1003 of title 10, United States 
     Code, is amended by inserting after section 10102 the 
     following new section:

     ``Sec. 10102a. Deployment prioritization and readiness of 
       army components

       ``(a) Deployment Prioritization.--The Secretary of the Army 
     shall maintain a system for identifying the priority of 
     deployment for units of all components of the Army.
       ``(b) Deployability Readiness Rating.--The Secretary of the 
     Army shall maintain a readiness rating system for units of 
     all components of the Army that provides an accurate 
     assessment of the deployability of a unit and those 
     shortfalls of a unit that require the provision of additional 
     resources. The system shall ensure--
       ``(1) that the personnel readiness rating of a unit 
     reflects--
       ``(A) both the percentage of the overall personnel 
     requirement of the unit that is manned and deployable and the 
     fill and deployability rate for critical occupational 
     specialties necessary for the unit to carry out its basic 
     mission requirements; and
       ``(B) the number of personnel in the unit who are qualified 
     in their primary military occupational specialty; and
       ``(2) that the equipment readiness assessment of a unit--
       ``(A) documents all equipment required for deployment;
       ``(B) reflects only that equipment that is directly 
     possessed by the unit;
       ``(C) specifies the effect of substitute items; and
       ``(D) assesses the effect of missing components and sets on 
     the readiness of major equipment items.''.
       (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at the 
     beginning of chapter 1003 of such title is amended by 
     inserting after the item relating to section 10102 the 
     following new item:

``10102a. Deployment prioritization and readiness of Army 
              components.''.

[[Page H2485]]

       (b) Repeal of Superseded Provisions of Law.--Sections 1121 
     and 1135 of the Army National Guard Combat Readiness Reform 
     Act of 1992 (title XI of Public Law 102-484; 10 U.S.C. 10105 
     note) are repealed.

     SEC. 524. EXPANSION OF AUTHORITY TO EXECUTE CERTAIN MILITARY 
                   INSTRUMENTS.

       (a) Expansion of Authority to Execute Military Testamentary 
     Instruments.--
       (1) In general.--Paragraph (2) of section 1044d(c) of title 
     10, United States Code, is amended to read as follows:
       ``(2) the execution of the instrument is notarized by--
       ``(A) a military legal assistance counsel;
       ``(B) a person who is authorized to act as a notary under 
     section 1044a of this title who--
       ``(i) is not an attorney; and
       ``(ii) is supervised by a military legal assistance 
     counsel; or
       ``(C) a State-licensed notary employed by a military 
     department or the Coast Guard who is supervised by a military 
     legal assistance counsel;''.
       (2) Clarification.--Paragraph (3) of such section is 
     amended by striking ``presiding attorney'' and inserting 
     ``person notarizing the instrument in accordance with 
     paragraph (2)''.
       (b) Expansion of Authority to Notarize Documents to 
     Civilians Serving in Military Legal Assistance Offices.--
       (1) In general.--Subsection (b) of section 1044a of title 
     10, United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the 
     following new paragraph:
       ``(6) All civilian paralegals serving at military legal 
     assistance offices, supervised by a military legal assistance 
     counsel (as defined in section 1044d(g) of this title).''.

     SEC. 525. TECHNICAL CORRECTION TO VOLUNTARY SEPARATION PAY 
                   AND BENEFITS.

       Section 1175a(j) of title 10, United States Code, is 
     amended--
       (1) in paragraph (2)--
       (A) by striking ``or 12304'' and inserting ``12304, 12304a, 
     or 12304b''; and
       (B) by striking ``502(f)(1)'' and inserting 
     ``502(f)(1)(A)''; and
       (2) in paragraph (3), by striking ``502(f)(2)'' and 
     inserting ``502(f)(1)(B)''.

     SEC. 526. ANNUAL NOTICE TO MEMBERS OF THE ARMED FORCES 
                   REGARDING CHILD CUSTODY PROTECTIONS GUARANTEED 
                   BY THE SERVICEMEMBERS CIVIL RELIEF ACT.

       The Secretaries of each of the military departments shall 
     ensure that each member of the Armed Forces with dependents 
     receives annually, and prior to each deployment, notice of 
     the child custody protections afforded to members of the 
     Armed Forces under the Servicemembers Civil Relief Act (50 
     U.S.C. 3901 et seq.).

     SEC. 527. PILOT PROGRAM ON CONSOLIDATED ARMY RECRUITING.

       (a) Pilot Program.--
       (1) In general.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
     the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of the Army shall 
     carry out a pilot program to consolidate the recruiting 
     efforts of the Regular Army, Army Reserve, and Army National 
     Guard under which a recruiter in one of the components 
     participating in the pilot program may recruit individuals to 
     enlist in any of the components regardless of the funding 
     source of the recruiting activity. Under the pilot program, 
     the recruiter shall receive credit toward periodic enlistment 
     goals for each enlistment regardless of the component in 
     which the individual enlists.
       (2) Duration.--The Secretary shall carry out the pilot 
     program for a period of not less than three years.
       (b) Reports.--
       (1) Interim report.--
       (A) In general.--Not later than one year after the date on 
     which the pilot program under subsection (a) commences, the 
     Secretary shall submit to the Committee on Armed Services of 
     the House of Representatives a report on the pilot program.
       (B) Elements.--The report under subparagraph (A) shall 
     include each of the following:
       (i) An analysis of the effects that consolidated recruiting 
     efforts has on the overall ability of recruiters to attract 
     and place qualified candidates.
       (ii) A determination of the extent to which consolidating 
     recruiting efforts affects efficiency and recruiting costs.
       (iii) An analysis of any challenges associated with a 
     recruiter working to recruit individuals to enlist in a 
     component in which the recruiter has not served.
       (iv) An analysis of the satisfaction of recruiters and the 
     component recruiting commands with the pilot program.
       (2) Final report.--Not later than 180 days after the date 
     on which the pilot program under subsection (a) is completed, 
     the Secretary shall submit to the committees specified in 
     paragraph (1)(A) a final report on the pilot program. Such 
     final report shall include any recommendations of the 
     Secretary with respect to extending or making permanent the 
     pilot program and a description of any related legislative 
     actions that the Secretary considers appropriate.

     SEC. 528. REPORT ON PURPOSE AND UTILITY OF REGISTRATION 
                   SYSTEM UNDER MILITARY SELECTIVE SERVICE ACT.

       (a) Report Required.--Not later than July 1, 2017, the 
     Secretary of Defense shall--
       (1) submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the 
     Senate and the House of Representatives a report on the 
     current and future need for a centralized regisration system 
     under the Military Selective Service Act (50 U.S.C. 3801 et 
     seq.); and
       (2) provide a briefing on the results of the report.
       (b) Elements of Report.--The report required by subsection 
     (a) shall include the following:
       (1) A detailed analysis of the current benefits dervied, 
     both directly and indirectly, from the Military Selective 
     Service System, including--
       (A) the extent to which mandatory registration benefits 
     military recruiting;
       (B) the extent to which a national registration capability 
     serves as a deterrent to potential enemies of the United 
     States; and
       (C) the extent to which expanding registration to include 
     women would impact these benefits.
       (2) An analysis of the funcitons currently performed by the 
     Selective Service System that would be assumed by the 
     Department of Defense in the absence of a national 
     registration capability.
       (3) An analysis of the systems, manpower, and facilities 
     that would be needed by the Department to physically mobilize 
     inductees in the absence of the Selective Service System.
       (4) An analysis of the feasibility and utility of 
     eliminating the current focus on mass mobilization of 
     primarily combat troops in favor of a system that focuses on 
     mobilization of all military occupational specialities, and 
     the extent to which such a change would impact the need for 
     both male and female inductees.
       (5) A detailed analysis of the Department's personnel needs 
     in the event of an emergency requiring mass mobilization, 
     including--
       (A) a detailed timeline, along with the factors considered 
     in arriving at this timeline, of when the Department would 
     require--
       (i) the first inductees to report for service;
       (ii) the first 100,000 inductees to report for service; and
       (iii) the first medical personnel to report for service; 
     and
       (B) an analysis of any additional critical skills that 
     would be needed in the event of a national emergency, and a 
     timeline for when the Department would require the first 
     inductees to report for service.
       (6) A list of the assumptions used by the Department when 
     conducting its analysis in preparing the report.
       (c) Comptroller General Review.--Not later than December 1, 
     2017, the Comptroller General of the United States shall 
     submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and 
     the House of Representatives a review of the procedures used 
     by the Department of Defense in evaluating selective service 
     requirements.

     SEC. 529. PARENTAL LEAVE FOR MEMBERS OF THE ARMED FORCES.

       (a) Additional Parental Leave Authority.--
       (1) Availability of parental leave.--Chapter 40 of title 
     10, United States Code, is amended by inserting after section 
     701 the following new section:

     ``Sec. 701a. Parental leave

       ``(a) Leave Authorized.--A member of the armed forces who 
     is performing active service may be allowed leave under this 
     section for each instance in which the member becomes a 
     parent as a result of the member's spouse giving birth.
       ``(b) Amount of Leave.--Leave under this section shall be 
     at least 14 days, under regulations prescribed under this 
     section by the Secretary concerned.
       ``(c) Duration of Availability of Leave.--Leave under this 
     section is lost as follows:
       ``(1) If not used within one year of the date of the birth 
     giving rise to the leave.
       ``(2) If the member having the leave becomes entitled to 
     leave under this section with respect to a different child.
       ``(3) If not used before separation from active service.
       ``(d) Coordination With Other Leave Authorities.--Leave 
     under this section is in addition to any other leave and may 
     not be deducted or charged against other leave authorized by 
     this chapter.
       ``(e) Regulations.--This section shall be carried out under 
     regulations prescribed by the Secretary concerned. 
     Regulations prescribed under this section by the Secretaries 
     of the military departments shall be as uniform as 
     practicable and shall be subject to approval by the Secretary 
     of Defense.''.
       (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at the 
     beginning of chapter 40 of title 10, United States Code, is 
     amended by inserting after the item relating to section 701 
     the following new item:

``701a. Parental leave.''.
       (3) Conforming amendment.--Subsection (j) of section 701 of 
     title 10, United States Code, is repealed.
       (b) Adoptions by Dual-service Couples.--Section 701(i) of 
     title 10, United States Code, is amended by striking 
     paragraph (3) and inserting the following new paragraph:
       ``(3) In the event that two members of the armed forces who 
     are married to each other adopt a child in a qualifying child 
     adoption, the two members shall be allowed a total of at 
     least 36 days of leave under this subsection, to be shared 
     between the two members. The Secretary concerned shall permit 
     the transfer of such leave between the two members to 
     accommodate individual family circumstances.''.
       (c) Coverage of Commissioned Officers of the Public Health 
     Service.--Section 221(a) of the Public Health Service Act (42 
     U.S.C. 213a(a)) is amended by adding at the end the following 
     new paragraph:
       ``(19) Section 701(i) and 701a, Adoption Leave and Parental 
     Leave.''.

  Subtitle D--Military Justice, Including Sexual Assault and Domestic 
                    Violence Prevention and Response

     SEC. 541. EXPEDITED REPORTING OF CHILD ABUSE AND NEGLECT TO 
                   STATE CHILD PROTECTIVE SERVICES.

       (a) Reporting by Military and Civilian Personnel of the 
     Department of Defense.--

[[Page H2486]]

     Section 1787 of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
       (1) by redesignating subsections (a) and (b) as subsections 
     (c) and (d), respectively; and
       (2) by inserting before subsection (c), as so redesignated, 
     the following new subsections:
       ``(a) Reporting by Military and Civilian Personnel.--A 
     member of the armed forces, civilian employee of the 
     Department of Defense, or contractor employee working on a 
     military installation who is mandated by Federal regulation 
     or State law to report known or suspected instances of child 
     abuse and neglect shall provide the report directly to State 
     Child Protective Services or another appropriate State agency 
     in addition to the member's or employee's chain of command or 
     any designated Department point of contact.
       ``(b) Training for Mandated Reporters.--The Secretary of 
     Defense shall ensure that individuals referred to in 
     subsection (a) who are mandated by State law to report known 
     or suspected instances of child abuse and neglect receive 
     appropriate training, in accordance with State guidelines, 
     intended to improve their--
       ``(1) ability to recognize evidence of child abuse and 
     neglect; and
       ``(2) understanding of the mandatory reporting requirements 
     imposed by law.''.
       (b) Conforming and Clerical Amendments.--Section 1787 of 
     title 10, United States Code, is further amended--
       (1) in subsection (c), as redesignated by subsection 
     (a)(1), by striking ``In General.--'' and inserting 
     ``Reporting by States.--''; and
       (2) in subsection (d), as redesignated by subsection 
     (a)(1)--
       (A) by striking ``(d) Definition.--In this section, the 
     term'' and inserting the following:
       ``(d) Definitions.--In this section:
       ``(1) The term''; and
       (B) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
       ``(2) The term `State' includes the District of Columbia, 
     the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, the Commonwealth of the 
     Northern Mariana Islands, Guam, the Virgin Islands, American 
     Samoa, the Federated States of Micronesia, the Republic of 
     the Marshall Islands, and the Republic of Palau.''.

     SEC. 542. EXTENSION OF THE REQUIREMENT FOR ANNUAL REPORT 
                   REGARDING SEXUAL ASSAULTS AND COORDINATION WITH 
                   RELEASE OF FAMILY ADVOCACY REPORT.

       Section 1631 of the Ike Skelton National Defense 
     Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2011 (Public Law 111-383; 
     124 Stat. 4433; 10 U.S.C. 1561 note) is amended--
       (1) in subsection (a) by striking ``March 1, 2017'' and 
     inserting ``January 31, 2021''; and
       (2) by adding at the end the following new subsection:
       ``(g) Coordination of Release Date Between Annual Report 
     Regarding Sexual Assaults and Family Advocacy Report.--The 
     Secretary of Defense shall ensure that the report required 
     under subsection (a) for a year is delivered to the 
     Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and House of 
     Representatives simultaneously with the Department of Defense 
     Family Advocacy Report for that year required by section 543 
     of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 
     2017.''.

     SEC. 543. REQUIREMENT FOR ANNUAL FAMILY ADVOCACY PROGRAM 
                   REPORT REGARDING CHILD ABUSE AND DOMESTIC 
                   VIOLENCE.

       (a) Annual Report on Child Abuse and Domestic Violence.--
     Not later than January 31, 2017, and annually thereafter 
     through January 31, 2021, the Secretary of Defense shall 
     submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the House of 
     Representatives and the Senate a report on the child abuse 
     and domestic abuse incident data from the Department of 
     Defense Family Advocacy Program central registry of child 
     abuse and domestic abuse incidents for the preceding calendar 
     year.
       (b) Contents.--The report shall contain each of the 
     following:
       (1) The number of incidents reported during the year 
     covered by the report involving--
       (A) spouse physical or sexual abuse;
       (B) intimate partner physical or sexual abuse;
       (C) child physical or sexual abuse; and
       (D) child or domestic abuse resulting in a fatality.
       (2) An analysis of the number of such incidents that met 
     the criteria for substantiation.
       (3) An analysis of--
       (A) the types of abuse reported;
       (B) for cases involving children as the reported victims of 
     the abuse, the ages of the abused children; and
       (C) other relevant characteristics of the reported victims.
       (4) An analysis of the military status, sex, and pay grade 
     of the alleged perpetrator of the child or domestic abuse.
       (5) An analysis of the effectiveness of the Family Advocacy 
     Program.
       (c) Coordination of Release Date Between Annual Report 
     Regarding Sexual Assaults and Family Advocacy Program 
     Report.--The Secretary of Defense shall ensure that the 
     sexual assault report required under section 1631 of the Ike 
     Skelton National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 
     2011 (Public Law 111-383; 10 U.S.C. 1561 note) is delivered 
     to the Committees on Armed Services of the House of 
     Representatives and the Senate simultaneously with the report 
     required under this section.

     SEC. 544. IMPROVED DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE PREVENTION OF AND 
                   RESPONSE TO HAZING IN THE ARMED FORCES.

       (a) Anti-Hazing Database.--The Secretary of Defense shall 
     provide for the establishment and use of a comprehensive and 
     consistent data-collection system for the collection of 
     reports, including anonymous reports, of incidents of hazing 
     involving a member of the Armed Forces. The Secretary shall 
     issue department-wide guidance regarding the availability and 
     use of the database, including information on protected 
     classes, such as race and religion, who are often the victims 
     of hazing.
       (b) Improved Training.--The Secretary of each military 
     department, in consultation with the Chief of Staff of each 
     Armed Force under the jurisdiction of such Secretary, shall 
     seek to improve training to assist members of the Armed 
     Forces better recognize, prevent, and respond to hazing at 
     all command levels.
       (c) Annual Survey.--The Secretary of each military 
     department, in consultation with the Chief of Staff of each 
     Armed Force under the jurisdiction of such Secretary, shall 
     conduct an annual survey among members of each Armed Force 
     under the jurisdiction of such Secretary to determine the 
     following:
       (1) The prevalence of hazing in the Armed Force.
       (2) The effectiveness of training provided members of the 
     Armed Force to recognize and prevent hazing.
       (3) The extent to which members of the Armed Force report, 
     including anonymously report, incidents of hazing.
       (d) Annual Reports on Hazing.--
       (1) Report required.--Not later than January 31 of each 
     year through January 31, 2021, the Secretary of each military 
     department, in consultation with the Chief of Staff of each 
     Armed Force under the jurisdiction of such Secretary, shall 
     submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and 
     the House of Representatives a report containing a 
     description of efforts during the previous year--
       (A) to prevent and to respond to incidents of hazing 
     involving members of the Armed Forces;
       (B) to track and encourage reporting, including reporting 
     anonymously, incidents of hazing in the Armed Force; and
       (C) to ensure the consistent implementation of anti-hazing 
     policies.
       (2) Additional elements.--Each report required by this 
     subsection also shall address the same elements originally 
     addressed in the anti-hazing reports required by section 534 
     of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 
     2013 (Public Law 112-239; 126 Stat. 1726).

     SEC. 545. BURDENS OF PROOF APPLICABLE TO INVESTIGATIONS AND 
                   REVIEWS RELATED TO PROTECTED COMMUNICATIONS OF 
                   MEMBERS OF THE ARMED FORCES AND PROHIBITED 
                   RETALIATORY ACTIONS.

       (a) Burdens of Proof.--Section 1034 of title 10, United 
     States Code, is amended--
       (1) by redesignating subsections (i) and (j) as subsections 
     (j) and (k), respectively; and
       (2) by inserting after subsection (h) the following new 
     subsection (i):
       ``(i) Burdens of Proof.--The burdens of proof specified in 
     section 1221(e) of title 5 shall apply in any investigation 
     conducted by an Inspector General under subsection (c) or 
     (d), any review performed by a board for the correction of 
     military records under subsection (g), and any review 
     conducted by the Secretary of Defense under subsection 
     (h).''.
       (b) Effective Date.--The amendments made by subsection (a) 
     shall take effect on the date that is 30 days after the date 
     of the enactment of this Act, and shall apply with respect to 
     allegations pending or submitted under section 1034 of title 
     10, United States Code, on or after that date.

     SEC. 546. IMPROVED INVESTIGATION OF ALLEGATIONS OF 
                   PROFESSIONAL RETALIATION.

       Section 1034(c)(4) of title 10, United States Code, is 
     amended by adding at the end the following new subparagraph:
       ``(F) The Secretary concerned shall ensure that any 
     individual investigating an allegation as described in 
     paragraph (1) must have training in the definition and 
     characteristics of retaliation. In addition, if the 
     investigation involves alleged retaliation in response to a 
     communication regarding a violation of a law or regulation 
     prohibiting rape, sexual assault, or other sexual misconduct 
     in violation of sections 920 through 920c of this title 
     (articles 120 through 120c of the Uniform Code of Military 
     Justice), the training shall include specific instruction 
     regarding such violations.''.

         Subtitle E--Member Education, Training, and Transition

     SEC. 561. REVISION TO QUALITY ASSURANCE OF CERTIFICATION 
                   PROGRAMS AND STANDARDS.

       Section 2015(c) of title 10, United States Code, is 
     amended--
       (1) in paragraph (1), by striking ``is accredited by an 
     accreditation body that'' and all that follows and inserting 
     ``meets one of the requirements specified in paragraph 
     (2).''; and
       (2) by striking paragraph (2) and inserting the following 
     new paragraph:
       ``(2) The requirements for a credentialing program 
     specified in this paragraph are that the credentialing 
     program--
       ``(A) is accredited by a nationally-recognized third-party 
     personnel certification program accreditor;
       ``(B)(i) is sought or accepted by employers within the 
     industry or sector involved as a recognized, preferred, or 
     required credential for recruitment, screening, hiring, 
     retention, or advancement purposes; and
       ``(ii) where appropriate, is endorsed by a nationally-
     recognized trade association or organization representing a 
     significant part of the industry or sector;
       ``(C) grants licenses that are recognized by the Federal 
     Government or a State government; or
       ``(D) meets credential standards of a Federal agency.''.

     SEC. 562. ESTABLISHMENT OF ROTC CYBER INSTITUTES AT SENIOR 
                   MILITARY COLLEGES.

       (a) In General.--Chapter 103 of title 10, United States 
     Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new 
     section:

[[Page H2487]]

  


     ``Sec. 2111c. Senior military colleges: ROTC cyber institutes

       ``(a) Program Authorized.--The Secretary of Defense may 
     establish cyber institutes at each of the senior military 
     colleges for the purpose of accelerating the development of 
     foundational expertise in critical cyber operational skills 
     for future military and civilian leaders of the armed forces 
     and the Department of Defense, including such leaders of the 
     reserve components.
       ``(b) Elements.--Each cyber institute established under 
     this section shall include each of the following:
       ``(1) Training for members of the program who possess cyber 
     operational expertise from beginning through advanced skill 
     levels, including instruction and practical experiences that 
     lead to cyber certifications recognized in the field.
       ``(2) Training in targeted strategic foreign language 
     proficiency designed to significantly enhance critical cyber 
     operational capabilities and tailored to current and 
     anticipated readiness requirements.
       ``(3) Training related to mathematical foundations of 
     cryptography and cryptographic theory and practice designed 
     to complement and reinforce cyber education along with the 
     strategic language programs critical to cyber operations.
       ``(4) Training designed to expand the pool of qualified 
     cyber instructors necessary to support cyber education in 
     regional school systems.
       ``(c) Partnerships With Department of Defense and the Armed 
     Forces.--Any cyber institute established under this section 
     may enter into a partnership with any active or reserve 
     component of the armed forces or any agency of the Department 
     of Defense to facilitate the development of critical cyber 
     skills.
       ``(d) Partnerships With Other Schools.--Any cyber institute 
     established under this section may enter into a partnership 
     with one or more local educational agencies to facilitate the 
     development of critical cyber skills under the program among 
     students attending the elementary and secondary schools of 
     such agencies who may pursue a military career.
       ``(e) Senior Military Colleges.--The senior military 
     colleges are the senior military colleges in section 2111a(f) 
     of this title.''.
       (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the 
     beginning of such chapter is amended by adding at the end the 
     following new item:

``2111c. Senior military colleges: ROTC cyber institutes.''.

     SEC. 563. MILITARY-TO-MARINER TRANSITION.

       (a) Report.-- Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
     enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense and the 
     Secretary of the department in which the Coast Guard is 
     operating shall jointly report to the Committee on Armed 
     Services and the Committee on Transportation and 
     Infrastructure of the House of Representatives and the 
     Committee on Armed Services and the Committee on Commerce, 
     Science, and Transportation of the Senate on steps the 
     Departments of Defense and Homeland Security have taken or 
     intend to take to--
       (1) maximize the extent to which United States armed forces 
     service, training, and qualifications are creditable toward 
     meeting the laws and regulations governing United States 
     merchant mariner license, certification, and document laws 
     and the International Convention on Standards of Training, 
     Certification and Watchkeeping for Seafarers, 1978, including 
     steps to enhance interdepartmental coordination; and
       (2) to promote better awareness among armed forces 
     personnel who serve in vessel operating positions of the 
     requirements for post-service use of armed forces training, 
     education, and practical experience in satisfaction of 
     requirements for merchant mariner credentials under section 
     11.213 of title 46, Code of Federal Regulation, and the need 
     to document such service in a manner suitable for post-
     service use.
       (b) List of Training Programs.--The report under subsection 
     (a) shall include a list of Army, Navy, and Coast Guard 
     training programs open to Army, Navy, and Coast Guard vessel 
     operators, respectively, that shows--
       (1) which programs have been approved for credit toward 
     merchant mariner credentials;
       (2) which programs are under review for such approval;
       (3) which programs are not relevant to the training needed 
     for merchant mariner credentials; and
       (4) which programs could become eligible for credit toward 
     merchant mariner credentials with minor changes.

     SEC. 564. EMPLOYMENT AUTHORITY FOR CIVILIAN FACULTY AT 
                   CERTAIN MILITARY DEPARTMENT SCHOOLS.

       (a) Addition of Army University and Additional Faculty.--
       (1) In general.--Section 4021 of title 10, United States 
     Code, is amended--
       (A) by striking subsection (a) and inserting the following 
     new subsection:
       ``(a) Authority of Secretary.--The Secretary of the Army 
     may employ as many civilians as professors, instructors, 
     lecturers, researchers, and administrative faculty at the 
     Army War College, the United States Army Command and General 
     Staff College, and the Army University as the Secretary 
     considers necessary.''; and
       (B) by striking subsection (c).
       (2) Clerical amendment.--The heading of such section is 
     amended to read as follows:

     ``Sec. 4021. Army War College, United States Army Command and 
       General Staff College, and Army University: civilian 
       faculty members''.

       (b) Naval War College and Marine Corps University.--Section 
     7478 of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
       (1) by striking subsection (a) and inserting the following 
     new subsection:
       ``(a) Authority of Secretary.--The Secretary of the Navy 
     may employ as many civilians as professors, instructors, 
     lecturers, researchers, and administrative faculty at a 
     school of the Naval War College or of the Marine Corps 
     University as the Secretary considers necessary.''; and
       (2) by striking subsection (c).
       (c) Air University.--Section 9021 of title 10, United 
     States Code, is amended--
       (1) by striking subsection (a) and inserting the following 
     new subsection:
       ``(a) Authority of Secretary.--The Secretary of the Air 
     Force may employ as many civilians as professors, 
     instructors, lecturers, researchers, and administrative 
     faculty at a school of the Air University as the Secretary 
     considers necessary.''; and
       (2) by striking subsection (c).

     SEC. 565. REVISION OF NAME ON MILITARY SERVICE RECORD TO 
                   REFLECT CHANGE IN NAME OF A MEMBER OF THE ARMY, 
                   NAVY, AIR FORCE, OR MARINE CORPS, AFTER 
                   SEPARATION FROM THE ARMED FORCES.

       (a) Revision Required.--Section 1551 of title 10, United 
     States Code, is amended--
       (1) by inserting ``(a) Service Under Assumed Name.--'' 
     before ``The Secretary''; and
       (2) by adding at the end the following new subsection:
       ``(b) Effect of Change in Name.--The Secretary of the 
     military department concerned shall reissue a certificate of 
     discharge or an order of acceptance of resignation in the new 
     name of any person who, after separation from an armed force 
     under the jurisdiction of that Secretary, legally changes the 
     person's name to reflect the person's gender identity.''.
       (b) Clerical Amendments.--
       (1) Section heading.--The heading of section 1551 of title 
     10, United States Code, is amended to read as follows:

     ``Sec. 1551. Correction of name after separation from 
       service''.

       (2) Table of sections.--The table of sections at the 
     beginning of chapter 79 of title 10, United States Code, is 
     amended by striking the item relating to section 1551 and 
     inserting the following new item:

``1551. Correction of name after separation from service.''.

     SEC. 566. DIRECT EMPLOYMENT PILOT PROGRAM FOR MEMBERS OF THE 
                   NATIONAL GUARD AND RESERVE.

       (a) Program Authority.--The Secretary of Defense may carry 
     out a pilot program to enhance the efforts of the Department 
     of Defense to provide job placement assistance and related 
     employment services directly to members in the National Guard 
     and Reserves.
       (b) Administration.--The pilot program shall be offered to, 
     and administered by, the adjutants general appointed under 
     section 314 of title 32, United States Code.
       (c) Cost-sharing Requirement.--As a condition on the 
     provision of funds under this section to a State to support 
     the operation of the pilot program in the State, the State 
     must agree to contribute an amount, derived from non-Federal 
     sources, equal to at least 30 percent of the funds provided 
     by the Secretary of Defense under this section.
       (d) Direct Employment Program Model.--The pilot program 
     should follow a job placement program model that focuses on 
     working one-on-one with a member of a reserve component to 
     cost-effectively provide job placement services, including 
     services such as identifying unemployed and under employed 
     members, job matching services, resume editing, interview 
     preparation, and post-employment follow up. Development of 
     the pilot program should be informed by State direct 
     employment programs for members of the reserve components, 
     such as the programs conducted in California and South 
     Carolina.
       (e) Evaluation.--The Secretary of Defense shall develop 
     outcome measurements to evaluate the success of the pilot 
     program.
       (f) Reporting Requirements.--
       (1) Report required.--Not later than January 31, 2021, the 
     Secretary of Defense shall submit to the Committees on Armed 
     Services of the Senate and the House of Representatives a 
     report describing the results of the pilot program. The 
     Secretary shall prepare the report in coordination with the 
     Chief of the National Guard Bureau.
       (2) Elements of report.--A report under paragraph (1) shall 
     include the following:
       (A) A description and assessment of the effectiveness and 
     achievements of the pilot program, including the number of 
     members of the reserve components hired and the cost-per-
     placement of participating members.
       (B) An assessment of the impact of the pilot program and 
     increased reserve component employment levels on the 
     readiness of members of the reserve components.
       (C) Any other matters considered appropriate by the 
     Secretary.
       (g) Duration of Authority.--
       (1) In general.--The authority to carry out the pilot 
     program expires September 30, 2019.
       (2) Extension.--Upon the expiration of the authority under 
     paragraph (1), the Secretary of Defense may extend the pilot 
     program for not more than two additional fiscal years.

     SEC. 567. PROHIBITION ON ESTABLISHMENT, MAINTENANCE, OR 
                   SUPPORT OF SENIOR RESERVE OFFICERS' TRAINING 
                   CORPS UNITS AT EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTIONS THAT 
                   DISPLAY CONFEDERATE BATTLE FLAG.

       (a) Prohibition.--Section 2102 of title 10, United States 
     Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new 
     subsection:
       ``(e) Prohibition Related to Display of Confederate Battle 
     Flag.--(1) The Secretary of a military department may not 
     establish, maintain, or support a unit of the program at any 
     educational institution, including any senior military 
     college specified in section 2111a of this title, that 
     displays, in a location other than in a museum exhibit, the 
     Confederate battle flag.

[[Page H2488]]

       ``(2)(A) Upon making a determination under paragraph (1) 
     that an educational institution displays, in a location other 
     than in a museum exhibit, the Confederate battle flag, the 
     Secretary of the military department concerned shall 
     terminate, in accordance with subparagraph (B), any unit of 
     the program at that educational institution in existence as 
     of the date of the determination.
       ``(B) The termination of a unit of the program at an 
     educational institution pursuant to this paragraph shall take 
     effect on the date on which--
       ``(i) each member of the program who, as of the date of the 
     determination, is enrolled in the educational institution is 
     no longer so enrolled; and
       ``(ii) each student who, as of the date of the 
     determination, is enrolled in the educational institution but 
     not yet a member of the program, is no longer so enrolled.
       ``(3) Not later than January 31, 2017, and each January 31 
     thereafter through January 31, 2021, the Secretary of Defense 
     shall submit to the congressional defense committees a 
     report--
       ``(A) identifying each unit of the program located at an 
     educational institution that displays, in a location other 
     than in a museum exhibit, the Confederate battle flag; and
       ``(B) describing the implementation of this subsection with 
     respect to that educational institution.
       ``(4) In this subsection, the term `Confederate battle 
     flag' means the battle flag of the Army of Northern Virginia, 
     the battle flag of the Army of Tennessee, the battle flag of 
     Forrest's Cavalry Corps, the Second Confederate Navy Jack, 
     the Second Confederate Navy Ensign, or other flag with a like 
     design.''.
       (b) Conforming Amendments.--(1) Section 2102(d) of title 
     10, United States Code, is amended by striking ``The 
     President'' and inserting ``Subject to subsection (e), the 
     President''.
       (2) Section 2111a of title 10, United States Code, is 
     amended--
       (A) in subsection (d), by striking ``The Secretary'' and 
     inserting ``Except as provided in section 2102(e) of this 
     title, the Secretary''; and
       (B) in subsection (e)(1), by striking ``The Secretary'' and 
     inserting ``Except in the case of a senior miliary college at 
     which a unit of the program is terminated pursuant to section 
     2102(e) of this title, the Secretary''.
       (c) Exception.--Section 2102 of title 10, United States 
     Code, is further amended by adding at the end the following:
       ``(f) Exception.--The prohibition under subsection (e) 
     shall not apply to an educational institution if the board of 
     visitors of such institution has voted to take down the flag 
     described in such subsection.''.

Subtitle F--Defense Dependents' Education and Military Family Readiness 
                                Matters

     SEC. 571. CONTINUATION OF AUTHORITY TO ASSIST LOCAL 
                   EDUCATIONAL AGENCIES THAT BENEFIT DEPENDENTS OF 
                   MEMBERS OF THE ARMED FORCES AND DEPARTMENT OF 
                   DEFENSE CIVILIAN EMPLOYEES.

       (a) Assistance to Schools With Significant Numbers of 
     Military Dependent Students.--Of the amount authorized to be 
     appropriated for fiscal year 2017 by section 301 and 
     available for operation and maintenance for Defense-wide 
     activities as specified in the funding table in division D, 
     $30,000,000 shall be available only for the purpose of 
     providing assistance to local educational agencies under 
     subsection (a) of section 572 of the National Defense 
     Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2006 (Public Law 109-163; 
     20 U.S.C. 7703b).
       (b) Local Educational Agency Defined.--In this section, the 
     term ``local educational agency'' has the meaning given that 
     term in section 8013(9) of the Elementary and Secondary 
     Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 7713(9)).

     SEC. 572. SUPPORT FOR PROGRAMS PROVIDING CAMP EXPERIENCE FOR 
                   CHILDREN OF MILITARY FAMILIES.

       (a) In General.--The Secretary of Defense may provide 
     financial or non-monetary support to qualified nonprofit 
     organizations in order to assist such organizations in 
     carrying out programs to support the attendance at a camp or 
     camp-like setting of children of military families who have 
     experienced the death of a family member or other loved one 
     or who have another family member living with a substance use 
     disorder or post-traumatic stress disorder.
       (b) Application for Support.--
       (1) In general.--Each organization seeking support pursuant 
     to subsection (a) shall submit to the Secretary an 
     application therefor containing such information as the 
     Secretary shall specify for purposes of this section.
       (2) Contents.--Each application submitted under paragraph 
     (1) shall include the following:
       (A) A description of the program for which support is being 
     sought, including the location of the setting or settings 
     under the program, the duration of such setting or setting, 
     any local partners participating in or contributing to the 
     program, and the ratio of counselors, trained volunteers, or 
     both to children at such setting or settings.
       (B) An estimate of the number of children of military 
     families to be supported using the support sought.
       (C) A description of the type of activities that will be 
     conducted using the support sought, including the manner in 
     which activities are particularly supportive to children of 
     military families described in subsection (a).
       (D) A description of the outreach conducted or to be 
     conducted by the organization to military families regarding 
     the program.
       (c) Preference in Approval of Applications.--The Secretary 
     shall accord a preference in the approval of applications 
     submitted pursuant to subsection (b) to applications 
     submitted by organizations that--
       (1) provide a traditional camp or camp-like environment 
     setting that is hosted by an accredited service provider or 
     facility;
       (2) offer activities in that setting that--
       (A) includes a continued care model;
       (B) is tailored to the needs of children and uses 
     recognized best practices;
       (C) exhibits an adequate understanding and recognition of 
     appropriate military culture and traditions; and
       (D) places a focus on peer-to-peer support and activities;
       (3) offers post-camp and continuing bereavement or 
     addiction-prevention support, as applicable;
       (4) offer support services for children and families; and
       (5) provides for evaluations of the camp experience by 
     children and their families after camp.
       (d) Use of Support.--Support provided by the Secretary to 
     an organization pursuant to subsection (a) shall be used by 
     the organization to support attendance at a camp or camp-like 
     setting of children of military families described in 
     subsection (a).

                   Subtitle G--Decorations and Awards

     SEC. 581. REVIEW REGARDING AWARD OF MEDAL OF HONOR TO CERTAIN 
                   ASIAN AMERICAN AND NATIVE AMERICAN PACIFIC 
                   ISLANDER WAR VETERANS.

       (a) Review Required.--The Secretary of each military 
     department shall review the service records of each Asian 
     American and Native American Pacific Islander war veteran 
     described in subsection (b) to determine whether that veteran 
     should be awarded the Medal of Honor.
       (b) Covered Veterans.-- The Asian American and Native 
     American Pacific Islander war veterans whose service records 
     are to be reviewed under subsection (a) are the following:
       (1) Any Asian American or Native American Pacific Islander 
     war veteran who was awarded the Distinguished-Service Cross, 
     the Navy Cross, or the Air Force Cross during the Korean War 
     or the Vietnam War.
       (2) Any other Asian American or Native American Pacific 
     Islander war veteran whose name is submitted to the Secretary 
     concerned for such purpose before the end of the one-year 
     period beginning on the date of the enactment of this Act.
       (c) Consultations.--In carrying out the review under 
     subsection (a), the Secretary of each military department 
     shall consult with such veterans service organizations as the 
     Secretary considers appropriate.
       (d) Recommendations Based on Review.--If the Secretary 
     concerned determines, based upon the review under subsection 
     (a) of the service records of any Asian American or Native 
     American Pacific Islander war veteran, that the award of the 
     Medal of Honor to that veteran is warranted, the Secretary 
     shall submit to the President a recommendation that the 
     President award the Medal of Honor to that veteran.
       (e) Authority to Award Medal of Honor.--A Medal of Honor 
     may be awarded to an Asian American or Native American 
     Pacific Islander war veteran in accordance with a 
     recommendation of the Secretary concerned under subsection 
     (d).
       (f) Congressional Notification.--No Medal of Honor may be 
     awarded pursuant to subsection (e) until the Secretary of 
     Defense submits to the Committee on Armed Services of the 
     Senate and House of Representatives notice of the 
     recommendations under subsection (d), including the name of 
     each Asian American or Native American Pacific Islander war 
     veteran recommended to be awarded a Medal of Honor and the 
     rationale for such recommendation.
       (g) Waiver of Time Limitations.--An award of the Medal of 
     Honor may be made under subsection (e) without regard to--
       (1) section 3744, 6248, or 8744 of title 10, United States 
     Code, as applicable; and
       (2) any regulation or other administrative restriction on--
       (A) the time for awarding the Medal of Honor; or
       (B) the awarding of the Medal of Honor for service for 
     which a Distinguished-Service Cross, Navy Cross, or Air Force 
     Cross has been awarded.
       (h) Definition.--In this section the term ``Native American 
     Pacific Islander'' means a Native Hawaiian or Native American 
     Pacific Islander, as those terms are defined in section 815 
     of the Native American Programs Act of 1974 (42 U.S.C. 
     2992c).

     SEC. 582. AUTHORIZATION FOR AWARD OF MEDALS FOR ACTS OF 
                   VALOR.

       (a) Authorization.--Notwithstanding the time limitations 
     specified in sections 3744, 6248, 8744 of title 10, United 
     States Code, or any other time limitation with respect to the 
     awarding of certain medals to persons who served in the 
     United States Armed Forces, the President may award a medal 
     referred to in subsection (c) to a member or former member of 
     the United States Armed Forces identified as warranting award 
     of that medal pursuant to the review of valor award 
     nominations for Operation Enduring Freedom, Operation Iraqi 
     Freedom, Operation New Dawn, Operation Freedom's Sentinel, 
     and Operation Inherent Resolve that was directed by the 
     Secretary of Defense on January 7, 2016.
       (b) Award of Medal of Honor.--If, pursuant to the review 
     referred to in subsection (a), the President decides to award 
     to a member or former member of the Armed Forces the Medal of 
     Honor, the medal may only be awarded after the Secretary of 
     Defense submits to the Committee on Armed Services of the 
     Senate and the Committee on Armed Services of the House of 
     Representatives a letter identifying the intended recipient 
     of the Medal of Honor and the rationale for awarding the 
     medal of honor to such intended recipient.
       (c) Medals.--The medals referred to in this subsection are 
     any of the following:

[[Page H2489]]

       (1) The Medal of Honor under section 3741, 6241, or 8741 of 
     title 10, United States Code;
       (2) The Distinguished-Service Cross under section 3742 of 
     title 10, United States Code.
       (3) The Navy Cross under section 6242 of title 10, United 
     States Code.
       (4) The Air Force Cross under section 8742 of title 10, 
     United States Code.
       (5) The Silver Star under section 3746, 6244, or 8746 of 
     title 10, United States Code.
       (d) Termination.--No medal may be awarded under this 
     section after December 31, 2019.

     SEC. 583. AUTHORIZATION FOR AWARD OF THE MEDAL OF HONOR TO 
                   GARY M. ROSE FOR ACTS OF VALOR DURING THE 
                   VIETNAM WAR.

       (a) Authorization.--Notwithstanding the time limitations 
     specified in section 3744 of title 10, United States Code, or 
     any other time limitation with respect to the awarding of 
     certain medals to persons who served in the Armed Forces, the 
     President is authorized to award the Medal of Honor under 
     section 3741 of such title to Gary M. Rose for the acts of 
     valor described in subsection (b).
       (b) Acts of Valor Described.--The acts of valor referred to 
     in subsection (a) are the actions of Gary M. Rose in Laos 
     from September 11 through 14, 1970, during the Vietnam War 
     while a member of the United States Army, Military Assistance 
     Command Vietnam-Studies and Observation Group (MACVSOG).

     SEC. 584. AUTHORIZATION FOR AWARD OF THE MEDAL OF HONOR TO 
                   CHARLES S. KETTLES FOR ACTS OF VALOR DURING THE 
                   VIETNAM WAR.

       (a) Waiver of Time Limitations.--Notwithstanding the time 
     limitations specified in section 3744 of title 10, United 
     States Code, or any other time limitation with respect to the 
     awarding of certain medals to persons who served in the Armed 
     Forces, the President may award the Medal of Honor under 
     section 3741 of such title to Charles S. Kettles for the acts 
     of valor during the Vietnam War described in subsection (b).
       (b) Acts of Valor Described.--The acts of valor referred to 
     in subsection (a) are the actions of Charles S. Kettles 
     during combat operations on May 15, 1967, while serving as 
     Flight Commander, 176th Aviation Company, 14th Aviation 
     Battalion, Task Force Oregon, Republic of Vietnam, for which 
     he was previously awarded the Distinguished-Service Cross.

          Subtitle H--Miscellaneous Reports and Other Matters

     SEC. 591. BURIAL OF CREMATED REMAINS IN ARLINGTON NATIONAL 
                   CEMETERY OF CERTAIN PERSONS WHOSE SERVICE IS 
                   DEEMED TO BE ACTIVE SERVICE.

       (a) In General.--Section 2410 of title 38, United States 
     Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new 
     subsection:
       ``(c)(1) The Secretary of the Army shall ensure that under 
     such regulations as the Secretary may prescribe, the cremated 
     remains of any person described in paragraph (2) are eligible 
     for inurnment in Arlington National Cemetery with military 
     honors in accordance with section 1491 of title 10.
       ``(2) A person described in this paragraph is a person 
     whose service has been determined to be active duty service 
     pursuant to section 401 of the GI Bill Improvement Act of 
     1977 (Public Law 95-202; 38 U.S.C. 106 note) as of the date 
     of the enactment of this paragraph.''.
       (b) Applicability.--
       (1) In general.--The amendment made by subsection (a) shall 
     apply with respect to--
       (A) the remains of a person that are not formally interred 
     or inurned as of the date of the enactment of this Act; and
       (B) a person who dies on or after the date of the enactment 
     of this Act.
       (2) Formally interred or inurned defined.--In this 
     subsection, the term ``formally interred or inurned'' means 
     interred or inurned in a cemetery, crypt, mausoleum, 
     columbarium, niche, or other similar formal location.
       (c) Report on Capacity of Arlington National Cemetery.--Not 
     later than 180 days after the date of the enactment of this 
     Act, the Secretary of the Army shall submit to the Committees 
     on Veterans' Affairs and the Committees on Armed Services of 
     the House of Representatives and the Senate a report on the 
     interment and inurnment capacity of Arlington National 
     Cemetery, including--
       (1) the estimated date that the Secretary determines the 
     cemetery will reach maximum interment and inurnment capacity; 
     and
       (2) in light of the unique and iconic meaning of the 
     cemetery to the United States, recommendations for 
     legislative actions and nonlegislative options that the 
     Secretary determines necessary to ensure that the maximum 
     interment and inurnment capacity of the cemetery is not 
     reached until well into the future, including such actions 
     and options with respect to--
       (A) redefining eligibility criteria for interment and 
     inurnment in the cemetery; and
       (B) considerations for additional expansion opportunities 
     beyond the current boundaries of the cemetery.

     SEC. 592. REPRESENTATION FROM MEMBERS OF THE ARMED FORCES ON 
                   BOARDS, COUNCILS, AND COMMITTEES MAKING 
                   RECOMMENDATIONS RELATING TO MILITARY PERSONNEL 
                   ISSUES.

       (a) In General.--Chapter 7 of title 10, United States Code, 
     is amended by adding at the end the following new section:

     ``Sec. 190. Representation on boards, councils, and 
       committees making recommendations relating to military 
       personnel issues

       ``(a) Representation Required.--Notwithstanding any other 
     provision of law, any board, council, or committee 
     established under this chapter that is responsible for making 
     any recommendation relating to any military personnel issue 
     affecting enlisted members of the armed forces shall include 
     representation on the board, council, or committee from 
     enlisted members of the armed forces or retired enlisted 
     members of the armed forces.
       ``(b) Military Personnel Issues.--For purposes of this 
     section, military personnel issues include issues relating to 
     health care, retirement benefits, pay, direct and indirect 
     compensation, and entitlements for members of the armed 
     forces.''.
       (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the 
     beginning of such chapter is amended by adding at the end the 
     following new item:

``190. Representation on boards, councils, and committees making 
              recommendations relating to military personnel issues.''.

     SEC. 593. BODY MASS INDEX TEST.

       (a) Review.--The Secretary of Defense shall review--
       (1) the current body mass index test procedure used by the 
     Armed Forces; and
       (2) other methods to measure body fat with a more holistic 
     health and wellness approach.
       (b) Elements.--The review under subsection (a) shall--
       (1) address nutrition counseling;
       (2) determine the best methods to be used by the Armed 
     Forces to assess body fat percentages; and
       (3) improve the accuracy of body fat measurements.

     SEC. 594. PRESEPARATION COUNSELING REGARDING OPTIONS FOR 
                   DONATING BRAIN TISSUE AT TIME OF DEATH FOR 
                   RESEARCH.

       Section 1142(b)(11) of title 10, United States Code, is 
     amended by inserting before the period at the end the 
     following: ``, and information concerning options available 
     to the member for registering at or following separation to 
     donate brain tissue at time of the member's death for 
     research regarding traumatic brain injury and chronic 
     traumatic encephalopathy''.

     SEC. 595. RECOGNITION OF THE EXPANDED SERVICE OPPORTUNITIES 
                   AVAILABLE TO FEMALE MEMBERS OF THE ARMED FORCES 
                   AND THE LONG SERVICE OF WOMEN IN THE ARMED 
                   FORCES.

       Congress--
       (1) honors women who have served, and who are currently 
     serving, as members of the Armed Forces;
       (2) commends female members of the Armed Forces who have 
     sacrificed their lives in defense of the United States;
       (3) recognizes that female members of the Armed Forces are 
     an integral and invaluable part of the Armed Forces;
       (4) urges the Secretary of Defense to ensure that female 
     members of the Armed Forces receive adequate, well-fitted 
     equipment in order to ensure optimal safety and protection;
       (5) urges the Secretary of Defense to ensure that female 
     members of the Armed Forces have access to adequate health 
     services that fully address their specific medical needs;
       (6) encourages the Secretary of Defense to develop new 
     initiatives focused on recruiting and retaining more women in 
     the officer corps; and
       (7) recognizes that the United States must continue to 
     encourage and support female members of the Armed Forces as 
     they fight for and defend the United States.

     SEC. 596. SENSE OF CONGRESS REGARDING PLIGHT OF MALE VICTIMS 
                   OF MILITARY SEXUAL TRAUMA.

       (a) Finding.--Congress finds that the plight of male 
     victims of military sexual trauma remains in the shadows due 
     a lack of social awareness on the issue of male 
     victimization.
       (b) Sense of Congress.--It is the sense of Congress that 
     the Secretary of Defense should--
       (1) enhance victims' access to intensive medical and mental 
     health treatment for military sexual trauma treatment;
       (2) look for opportunities to utilize male survivors of 
     sexual assault as presenters during annual Sexual Assault 
     Preventions and Response training; and
       (3) ensure Department of Defense medical and mental health 
     providers are adequately trained to meet the needs of male 
     survivors of military sexual trauma.

     SEC. 597. SENSE OF CONGRESS REGARDING SECTION 504 OF TITLE 
                   10, UNITED STATES CODE, ON EXISTING AUTHORITY 
                   OF THE DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE TO ENLIST 
                   INDIVIDUALS, NOT OTHERWISE ELIGIBLE FOR 
                   ENLISTMENT, WHOSE ENLISTMENT IS VITAL TO THE 
                   NATIONAL INTEREST.

       It is the sense of Congress that a statute currently 
     exists, specifically paragraph (2) of section 504(b) of title 
     10, United States Code, which states that ``the Secretary 
     concerned may authorize the enlistment of a person not 
     described in paragraph (1) [of that section] if the Secretary 
     determines that such enlistment is vital to the national 
     interest''.

     SEC. 598. PROTECTION OF SECOND AMENDMENT RIGHTS OF MILITARY 
                   FAMILIES.

       (a) Short Title.--This section may be cited as the 
     ``Protect Our Military Families' 2nd Amendment Rights Act''.
       (b) Residency of Spouses of Members of the Armed Forces to 
     Be Determined on the Same Basis as the Residency of Such 
     Members for Purposes of Federal Firearms Laws.--Section 
     921(b) of title 18, United States Code, is amended to read as 
     follows:
       ``(b) For purposes of this chapter:
       ``(1) A member of the Armed Forces on active duty and the 
     spouse of such a member are residents of the State in which 
     the permanent duty station of the member is located.
       ``(2) The spouse of such a member may satisfy the 
     identification document requirements of this chapter by 
     presenting--
       ``(A) the military identification card issued to the 
     spouse; and
       ``(B) the official Permanent Change of Station Orders 
     annotating the spouse as being authorized for collocation, or 
     an official letter from

[[Page H2490]]

     thecommanding officer of the member verifying that the member 
     and the spouse are collocated at the permanent duty station 
     of the member.''.
       (c) Effective Date.--The amendment made by subsection (b) 
     shall apply to conduct engaged in after the 6-month period 
     that begins with the date of the enactment of this Act.

     SEC. 599. PILOT PROGRAM ON ADVANCED TECHNOLOGY FOR ALCOHOL 
                   ABUSE PREVENTION.

       (a) In General.--Not later than 90 days after the date of 
     the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense, in 
     consultation with the Secretaries of the military 
     departments, shall establish a pilot program to demonstrate 
     the feasibility of using portable, disposable alcohol 
     breathalyzers and a cloud based server platform to collect 
     data and monitor the progress of alcohol abuse prevention 
     programs through the use of digital applications.
       (b) Elements.--In carrying out the pilot program under 
     subsection (a), the Secretary shall--
       (1) select at least three locations at which to carry out 
     the program, including at least one military service initial 
     training location;
       (2) at each location selected under paragraph (1), include 
     at least one active duty unit with no less than 300 personnel 
     and one reserve unit with no less than 300 personnel; and
       (3) offer participation in the pilot program on a voluntary 
     basis.
       (c) Duration.--The pilot program under subsection (a) shall 
     be operational for a minimum of 6 months and shall terminate 
     not later than September 30, 2018.
       (d) Reports Required.--The Secretary of Defense shall 
     submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and 
     the House of Representatives--
       (1) not later than 120 days after the date of the 
     implementation of the pilot program under subsection (a), a 
     report on the implementation of the program; and
       (2) not later than one year after the date of the 
     implementation of the program, a report on the program, 
     including findings and recommendations of the Secretary with 
     respect to the benefits of using advanced technology as part 
     of alcohol abuse prevention efforts within the military 
     services.
       (e) Funding.--The Secretary of Defense may carry out the 
     pilot program under subsection (a) using amounts authorized 
     to be appropriated for Alcohol Abuse Prevention Programs as 
     specified in the funding tables in division D.

          TITLE VI--COMPENSATION AND OTHER PERSONNEL BENEFITS

                     Subtitle A--Pay and Allowances

     SEC. 601. ANNUAL ADJUSTMENT OF MONTHLY BASIC PAY.

       The adjustment in the rates of monthly basic pay required 
     by subsection (a) of section 1009 of title 37, United States 
     Code, to be made on January 1, 2017, shall take effect, 
     notwithstanding any determination made by the President under 
     subsection (e) of such section with respect to an alternative 
     pay adjustment to be made on such date.

     SEC. 602. EXTENSION OF AUTHORITY TO PROVIDE TEMPORARY 
                   INCREASE IN RATES OF BASIC ALLOWANCE FOR 
                   HOUSING UNDER CERTAIN CIRCUMSTANCES.

       Section 403(b)(7)(E) of title 37, United States Code, is 
     amended by striking ``December 31, 2016'' and inserting 
     ``December 31, 2017''.

     SEC. 603. PROHIBITION ON PER DIEM ALLOWANCE REDUCTIONS BASED 
                   ON THE DURATION OF TEMPORARY DUTY ASSIGNMENT OR 
                   CIVILIAN TRAVEL .

       (a) Members.--Section 474(d)(3) of title 37, United States 
     Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new 
     sentence: ``The Secretary of a military department shall not 
     alter the amount of the per diem allowance, or the maximum 
     amount of reimbursement, for a locality based on the duration 
     of the temporary duty assignment in the locality of a member 
     of the armed forces under the jurisdiction of the 
     Secretary.''.
       (b) Civilian Employees.--Section 5702(a)(2) of title 5, 
     United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the 
     following new sentence: ``The Secretary of Defense shall not 
     alter the amount of the per diem allowance, or the maximum 
     amount of reimbursement, for a locality based on the duration 
     of the travel in the locality of an employee of the 
     Department.''.
       (c) Repeal of Policy and Regulations.--The policy, and any 
     regulations issued pursuant to such policy, implemented by 
     the Secretary of Defense on November 1, 2014, with respect to 
     reductions in per diem allowances based on duration of 
     temporary duty assignment or civilian travel shall have no 
     force or effect.

           Subtitle B--Bonuses and Special and Incentive Pays

     SEC. 611. ONE-YEAR EXTENSION OF CERTAIN BONUS AND SPECIAL PAY 
                   AUTHORITIES FOR RESERVE FORCES.

       The following sections of title 37, United States Code, are 
     amended by striking ``December 31, 2016'' and inserting 
     ``December 31, 2017'':
       (1) Section 308b(g), relating to Selected Reserve 
     reenlistment bonus.
       (2) Section 308c(i), relating to Selected Reserve 
     affiliation or enlistment bonus.
       (3) Section 308d(c), relating to special pay for enlisted 
     members assigned to certain high-priority units.
       (4) Section 308g(f)(2), relating to Ready Reserve 
     enlistment bonus for persons without prior service.
       (5) Section 308h(e), relating to Ready Reserve enlistment 
     and reenlistment bonus for persons with prior service.
       (6) Section 308i(f), relating to Selected Reserve 
     enlistment and reenlistment bonus for persons with prior 
     service.
       (7) Section 478a(e), relating to reimbursement of travel 
     expenses for inactive-duty training outside of normal 
     commuting distance.
       (8) Section 910(g), relating to income replacement payments 
     for reserve component members experiencing extended and 
     frequent mobilization for active duty service.

     SEC. 612. ONE-YEAR EXTENSION OF CERTAIN BONUS AND SPECIAL PAY 
                   AUTHORITIES FOR HEALTH CARE PROFESSIONALS.

       (a) Title 10 Authorities.--The following sections of title 
     10, United States Code, are amended by striking ``December 
     31, 2016'' and inserting ``December 31, 2017'':
       (1) Section 2130a(a)(1), relating to nurse officer 
     candidate accession program.
       (2) Section 16302(d), relating to repayment of education 
     loans for certain health professionals who serve in the 
     Selected Reserve.
       (b) Title 37 Authorities.--The following sections of title 
     37, United States Code, are amended by striking ``December 
     31, 2016'' and inserting ``December 31, 2017'':
       (1) Section 302c-1(f), relating to accession and retention 
     bonuses for psychologists.
       (2) Section 302d(a)(1), relating to accession bonus for 
     registered nurses.
       (3) Section 302e(a)(1), relating to incentive special pay 
     for nurse anesthetists.
       (4) Section 302g(e), relating to special pay for Selected 
     Reserve health professionals in critically short wartime 
     specialties.
       (5) Section 302h(a)(1), relating to accession bonus for 
     dental officers.
       (6) Section 302j(a), relating to accession bonus for 
     pharmacy officers.
       (7) Section 302k(f), relating to accession bonus for 
     medical officers in critically short wartime specialties.
       (8) Section 302l(g), relating to accession bonus for dental 
     specialist officers in critically short wartime specialties.

     SEC. 613. ONE-YEAR EXTENSION OF SPECIAL PAY AND BONUS 
                   AUTHORITIES FOR NUCLEAR OFFICERS.

       The following sections of title 37, United States Code, are 
     amended by striking ``December 31, 2016'' and inserting 
     ``December 31, 2017'':
       (1) Section 312(f), relating to special pay for nuclear-
     qualified officers extending period of active service.
       (2) Section 312b(c), relating to nuclear career accession 
     bonus.
       (3) Section 312c(d), relating to nuclear career annual 
     incentive bonus.

     SEC. 614. ONE-YEAR EXTENSION OF AUTHORITIES RELATING TO TITLE 
                   37 CONSOLIDATED SPECIAL PAY, INCENTIVE PAY, AND 
                   BONUS AUTHORITIES.

       The following sections of title 37, United States Code, are 
     amended by striking ``December 31, 2016'' and inserting 
     ``December 31, 2017'':
       (1) Section 331(h), relating to general bonus authority for 
     enlisted members.
       (2) Section 332(g), relating to general bonus authority for 
     officers.
       (3) Section 333(i), relating to special bonus and incentive 
     pay authorities for nuclear officers.
       (4) Section 334(i), relating to special aviation incentive 
     pay and bonus authorities for officers.
       (5) Section 335(k), relating to special bonus and incentive 
     pay authorities for officers in health professions.
       (6) Section 336(g), relating to contracting bonus for 
     cadets and midshipmen enrolled in the Senior Reserve 
     Officers' Training Corps.
       (7) Section 351(h), relating to hazardous duty pay.
       (8) Section 352(g), relating to assignment pay or special 
     duty pay.
       (9) Section 353(i), relating to skill incentive pay or 
     proficiency bonus.
       (10) Section 355(h), relating to retention incentives for 
     members qualified in critical military skills or assigned to 
     high priority units.

     SEC. 615. ONE-YEAR EXTENSION OF AUTHORITIES RELATING TO 
                   PAYMENT OF OTHER TITLE 37 BONUSES AND SPECIAL 
                   PAYS.

       The following sections of title 37, United States Code, are 
     amended by striking ``December 31, 2016'' and inserting 
     ``December 31, 2017'':
       (1) Section 301b(a), relating to aviation officer retention 
     bonus.
       (2) Section 307a(g), relating to assignment incentive pay.
       (3) Section 308(g), relating to reenlistment bonus for 
     active members.
       (4) Section 309(e), relating to enlistment bonus.
       (5) Section 316a(g), relating to incentive pay for members 
     of precommissioning programs pursuing foreign language 
     proficiency.
       (6) Section 324(g), relating to accession bonus for new 
     officers in critical skills.
       (7) Section 326(g), relating to incentive bonus for 
     conversion to military occupational specialty to ease 
     personnel shortage.
       (8) Section 327(h), relating to incentive bonus for 
     transfer between Armed Forces.
       (9) Section 330(f), relating to accession bonus for officer 
     candidates.

     SEC. 616. INCREASE IN MAXIMUM AMOUNT OF AVIATION SPECIAL PAYS 
                   FOR FLYING DUTY.

       Section 334(c)(1) of title 37, United States Code, is 
     amended by striking subparagraphs (A) and (B) and inserting 
     the following new subparagraphs:
       ``(A) aviation incentive pay under subsection (a) shall be 
     paid at a monthly rate not to exceed $1,000 per month; and
       ``(B) an aviation bonus under subsection (b) may not exceed 
     $60,000 for each 12-month period of obligated service agreed 
     to under subsection (d).''.

     SEC. 617. CONFORMING AMENDMENT TO CONSOLIDATION OF SPECIAL 
                   PAY, INCENTIVE PAY, AND BONUS AUTHORITIES.

       Section 332(c)(1)(B) of title 37, United States Code, is 
     amended by striking ``$12,000'' and inserting ``$20,000''.

[[Page H2491]]

  


     SEC. 618. TECHNICAL AND CLERICAL AMENDMENTS RELATING TO 2008 
                   CONSOLIDATION OF CERTAIN SPECIAL PAY 
                   AUTHORITIES.

       (a) Family Care Plans.--Section 586 of the National Defense 
     Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2008 (Public Law 110-181; 
     10 U.S.C. 991 note) is amended by inserting ``or 351'' after 
     ``section 310''.
       (b) Dependents' Medical Care.--Section 1079(g)(1) of title 
     10, United States Code, is amended by inserting ``or 351'' 
     after ``section 310''.
       (c) Retention on Active Duty During Disability Evaluation 
     Process.--Section 1218(d)(1) of title 10, United States Code, 
     is amended by inserting ``or 351'' after ``section 310''.
       (d) Storage Space.--Section 362(1) of the John Warner 
     National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2007 
     (Public Law 109-364; 10 U.S.C. 2825 note) is amended by 
     inserting ``, or paragraph (1) or (3) of section 351(a),'' 
     after ``section 310''.
       (e) Student Assistance Programs.--Sections 455(o)(3)(B) and 
     465(a)(2)(D) of the Higher Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 
     1087e(o)(3)(B), 1087ee(a)(2)(D)) are amended by inserting 
     ``or paragraph (1) or (3) of section 351(a).'' after 
     ``section 310''.
       (f) Armed Forces Retirement Home.--Section 1512(a)(3)(A) of 
     the Armed Forces Retirement Home Act of 1991 (24 U.S.C. 
     412(a)(3)(A)) is amended by inserting ``or 351'' after 
     ``section 310''.
       (g) Veterans of Foreign Wars Membership.--Section 230103(3) 
     of title 36, United States Code, is amended by inserting ``or 
     351'' after ``section 310''.
       (h) Military Pay and Allowances.--Title 37, United States 
     Code, is amended--
       (1) in section 212(a), by inserting ``, or paragraph (1) or 
     (3) of section 351(a),'' after ``section 310'';
       (2) in section 402a(b)(3)(B), by inserting ``or 351'' after 
     ``section 310'';
       (3) in section 481a(a), by inserting ``or 351'' after 
     ``section 310'';
       (4) in section 907(d)(1)(H), by inserting ``or 351'' after 
     ``section 310''; and
       (5) in section 910(b)(2)(B), by inserting ``, or paragraph 
     (1) or (3) of section 351(a),'' after ``section 310''.
       (i) Exclusions From Income for Purpose of Supplemental 
     Security Income.--Section 1612(b)(20) of the Social Security 
     Act (42 U.S.C. 1382a(b)(20)) is amended by inserting ``, or 
     paragraph (1) or (3) of section 351(a),'' after ``section 
     310''.
       (j) Exclusions From Income for Purpose of Head Start 
     Program.--Section 645(a)(3)(B)(i) of the Head Start Act (42 
     U.S.C. 9840(a)(3)(B)(i)) is amended by inserting ``or 351'' 
     after ``section 310''.
       (k) Exclusions From Gross Income for Federal Income Tax 
     Purposes.--Section 112(c)(5)(B) of the Internal Revenue Code 
     of 1986 is amended by inserting ``, or paragraph (1) or (3) 
     of section 351(a),'' after ``section 310''.

     SEC. 619. COMBAT-RELATED SPECIAL COMPENSATION COORDINATING 
                   AMENDMENT.

       Subparagraph (B) of section 1413a(b)(3) of title 10, United 
     States Code, is amended by striking ``the amount equal to'' 
     and all that follows through ``creditable service 
     multiplied'' and inserting the following: ``the amount equal 
     to the retired pay multiplier determined for the member under 
     section 1409 of this title multiplied''.

       Subtitle C--Disability, Retired Pay, and Survivor Benefits

     SEC. 621. SEPARATION DETERMINATIONS FOR MEMBERS PARTICIPATING 
                   IN THRIFT SAVINGS PLAN.

       The amendment to be made by section 632(c)(2) of the 
     National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2016 
     (Public Law 114-92; 129 Stat. 847) shall not take effect.

     SEC. 622. CONTINUATION PAY FOR FULL THRIFT SAVINGS PLAN 
                   MEMBERS WHO HAVE COMPLETED 8 TO 12 YEARS OF 
                   SERVICE.

       (a) Continuation Pay.--Section 356 of title 37, United 
     States Code, which shall take effect on January 1, 2018, 
     pursuant to section 635 of the National Defense Authorization 
     Act for Fiscal Year 2016 (Public Law 114-92; 129 Stat. 851), 
     is amended--
       (1) in the heading, by striking ``12 years'' and inserting 
     ``8 to 12 years'';
       (2) in subsection (a)--
       (A) by striking paragraph (1) and inserting the following:
       ``(1) has completed not less than 8 and not more than 12 
     years of service in a uniformed service; and''; and
       (B) in paragraph (2), by striking ``an additional 4 years'' 
     and inserting ``not less than 3 additional years'';
       (3) by amending subsection (b) to read as follows:
       ``(b) Payment Amount.--The Secretary concerned shall 
     determine the payment amount under this section as a multiple 
     of a full TSP member's monthly basic pay but shall not be 
     less than 2.5 times the member's monthly basic pay. The 
     maximum amount the Secretary concerned may pay the member 
     under this section is--
       ``(1) in the case of a member of a regular component or in 
     a reserve component if the member is performing active Guard 
     and Reserve duty (as defined in section 101(d)(6) of title 
     10), 13 times the amount of the monthly basic pay payable to 
     the member for the month during which the agreement under 
     subsection (a)(2) is entered into; and
       ``(2) in the case of any member not covered by paragraph 
     (1), 6 times the amount of monthly basic pay to which the 
     member would be entitled for the month during which the 
     agreement under subsection (a)(2) is entered into if the 
     member were serving on active duty at the time the agreement 
     is entered into.''; and
       (4) by amending subsection (d) to read as follows:
       ``(d) Timing of Payment.--The Secretary concerned shall pay 
     continuation pay under subsection (a) to a full TSP member 
     when the member has completed not less than 8 and not more 
     than 12 years of service in a uniformed service.''.
       (b) Clerical Amendment.--The item relating to section 356 
     in the table of sections at the beginning of chapter 5 of 
     title 37, United States Code, which shall take effect on 
     January 1, 2018, pursuant to section 635 of the National 
     Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2016 (Public Law 
     114-92; 129 Stat. 851), is amended by striking ``12 years'' 
     and inserting ``8 to 12 years''.

     SEC. 623. SPECIAL SURVIVOR INDEMNITY ALLOWANCE.

       (a) Payment Amount Per Fiscal Year.--Paragraph (2)(I) of 
     section 1450(m) of title 10, United States Code, is amended 
     by striking ``fiscal year 2017'' and inserting ``each of 
     fiscal years 2017 and 2018''.
       (b) Duration.--Paragraph (6) of such section is amended--
       (1) by striking ``September 30, 2017'' and inserting 
     ``September 30, 2018''; and
       (2) by striking ``October 1, 2017'' both places it appears 
     and inserting ``October 1, 2018''.

     SEC. 624. EQUAL BENEFITS UNDER SURVIVOR BENEFIT PLAN FOR 
                   SURVIVORS OF RESERVE COMPONENT MEMBERS WHO DIE 
                   IN THE LINE OF DUTY DURING INACTIVE-DUTY 
                   TRAINING.

       (a) Treatment of Inactive-Duty Training in Same Manner as 
     Active Duty.--Section 1451(c)(1)(A) of title 10, United 
     States Code, is amended--
       (1) in clause (i)--
       (A) by inserting ``or 1448(f)'' after ``section 1448(d)''; 
     and
       (B) by inserting ``or (iii)'' after ``clause (ii)''; and
       (2) in clause (iii)--
       (A) by striking ``section 1448(f) of this title'' and 
     inserting ``section 1448(f)(1)(A) of this title by reason of 
     the death of a member or former member not in line of duty''; 
     and
       (B) by striking ``active service'' and inserting 
     ``service''.
       (b) Consistent Treatment of Dependent Children.--Paragraph 
     (2) of section 1448(f) of title 10, United States Code, is 
     amended to read as follows:
       ``(2) Dependent children annuity.--
       ``(A) Annuity when no eligible surviving spouse.--In the 
     case of a person described in paragraph (1), the Secretary 
     concerned shall pay an annuity under this subchapter to the 
     dependent children of that person under section 1450(a)(2) of 
     this title as applicable.
       ``(B) Optional annuity when there is an eligible surviving 
     spouse.--The Secretary may pay an annuity under this 
     subchapter to the dependent children of a person described in 
     paragraph (1) under section 1450(a)(3) of this title, if 
     applicable, instead of paying an annuity to the surviving 
     spouse under paragraph (1), if the Secretary concerned, in 
     consultation with the surviving spouse, determines it 
     appropriate to provide an annuity for the dependent children 
     under this paragraph instead of an annuity for the surviving 
     spouse under paragraph (1).''.
       (c) Deemed Elections.--Section 1448(f) of title 10, United 
     States Code, is further amended by adding at the end the 
     following new paragraph:
       ``(5) Deemed election to provide an annuity for 
     dependent.--Paragraph (6) of subsection (d) shall apply in 
     the case of a member described in paragraph (1) who dies 
     after November 23, 2003, when no other annuity is payable on 
     behalf of the member under this subchapter.''.
       (d) Availability of Special Survivor Indemnity Allowance.--
     Section 1450(m)(1)(B) of title 10, United States Code, is 
     amended by inserting ``or (f)'' after ``subsection (d)''.
       (e) Application of Amendments.--
       (1) Payment.--No annuity benefit under subchapter II of 
     chapter 73 of title 10, United States Code, shall accrue to 
     any person by reason of the amendments made by this section 
     for any period before the date of the enactment of this Act.
       (2) Elections.--For any death that occurred before the date 
     of the enactment of this Act with respect to which an annuity 
     under such subchapter is being paid (or could be paid) to a 
     surviving spouse, the Secretary concerned may, within six 
     months of that date and in consultation with the surviving 
     spouse, determine it appropriate to provide an annuity for 
     the dependent children of the decedent under paragraph 
     1448(f)(2)(B) of title 10, as added by subsection (b)(1), 
     instead of an annuity for the surviving spouse. Any such 
     determination and resulting change in beneficiary shall be 
     effective as of the first day of the first month following 
     the date of the determination.

     SEC. 625. USE OF MEMBER'S CURRENT PAY GRADE AND YEARS OF 
                   SERVICE, RATHER THAN FINAL RETIREMENT PAY GRADE 
                   AND YEARS OF SERVICE, IN A DIVISION OF PROPERTY 
                   INVOLVING DISPOSABLE RETIRED PAY.

       (a) Use of Current Pay Grade Required.--Section 1408(a)(4) 
     of title 10, United States Code, is amended in the matter 
     preceding subparagraph (A) by inserting after ``member is 
     entitled'' the following: ``(to be determined using the 
     member's pay grade and years of service at the time of the 
     court order, rather than the member's pay grade and years of 
     service at the time of retirement, unless the same)''.
       (b) Application of Amendment.--The amendment made by 
     subsection (a) shall apply with respect to any division of 
     property as part of a final decree of divorce, dissolution, 
     annulment, or legal separation involving a member of the 
     Armed Forces to which section 1408 of

[[Page H2492]]

     title10, United States Code, applies that becomes final after 
     the date of the enactment of this Act.

    Subtitle D--Commissary and Nonappropriated Fund Instrumentality 
                        Benefits and Operations

     SEC. 631. PROTECTION AND ENHANCEMENT OF ACCESS TO AND SAVINGS 
                   AT COMMISSARIES AND EXCHANGES.

       (a) Optimization Strategy.--Section 2481(c) of title 10, 
     United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the 
     following paragraph:
       ``(3)(A) The Secretary of Defense shall develop and 
     implement a comprehensive strategy to optimize management 
     practices across the defense commissary system and the 
     exchange system that reduce reliance of those systems on 
     appropriated funding without reducing benefits to the patrons 
     of those systems or the revenue generated by nonappropriated 
     fund entities or instrumentalities of the Department of 
     Defense for the morale, welfare, and recreation of members of 
     the armed forces.
       ``(B) The Secretary shall ensure that savings generated due 
     to such optimization practices are shared by the defense 
     commissary system and the exchange system through contracts 
     or agreements that appropriately reflect the participation of 
     the systems in the development and implementation of such 
     practices.
       ``(C) If the Secretary determines that the reduced reliance 
     on appropriated funding pursuant to subparagraph (A) is 
     insufficient to maintain the benefits to the patrons of the 
     defense commissary system, and if the Secretary converts the 
     defense commissary system to a nonappropriated fund entity or 
     instrumentality pursuant to paragraph (1) of section 2484(j) 
     of this title, the Secretary shall transfer appropriated 
     funds pursuant to paragraph (2) of such section to ensure the 
     maintenance of such benefits.
       ``(4) On not less than a quarterly basis, the Secretary 
     shall provide to the congressional defense committees a 
     briefing on the defense commissary system, including--
       ``(A) an assessment of the savings the system provides 
     patrons;
       ``(B) the status of implementing section 2484(i) of this 
     title;
       ``(C) the status of implementing section 2484(j), including 
     whether the system requires any appropriated funds pursuant 
     to paragraph (2) of such section;
       ``(D) the status of carrying out a program for such system 
     to sell private label merchandise; and
       ``(E) any other matters the Secretary considers 
     appropriate.''.
       (b) Authorization to Supplement Appropriations Through 
     Business Optimization.--Section 2483(c) of such title is 
     amended by adding at the end the following new sentence: 
     ``Such appropriated amounts may also be supplemented with 
     additional funds derived from improved management practices 
     implemented pursuant to sections 2481(c)(3) and 2487(c) of 
     this title and the variable pricing program implemented 
     pursuant to section 2484(i) of this title.''.
       (c) Variable Pricing Pilot Program.--Section 2484 of such 
     title is amended by adding at the end the following new 
     subsections:
       ``(i) Variable Pricing Program.--(1) Notwithstanding 
     subsection (e), and subject to subsection (k), the Secretary 
     may establish a variable pricing program pursuant to which 
     prices may be established in response to market conditions 
     and customer demand, in accordance with the requirements of 
     this subsection. Notwithstanding the amount of the uniform 
     surcharge assessed in subsection (d), the Secretary may 
     provide for an alternative surcharge of not more than five 
     percent of sales proceeds under such variable pricing program 
     to be made available for the purposes specified in subsection 
     (h).
       ``(2) Subject to subsection (k), before establishing a 
     variable pricing program under this subsection, the Secretary 
     shall establish the following:
       ``(A) Specific, measurable benchmarks for success in the 
     provision of high quality grocery merchandise, discount 
     savings to patrons, and levels of customer satisfaction while 
     achieving savings for the Department of Defense.
       ``(B) A baseline of overall savings to patrons achieved by 
     commissary stores prior to the initiation of the variable 
     pricing program, based on a comparison of prices charged by 
     those stores on a regional basis with prices charged by 
     relevant local competitors for a representative market basket 
     of goods.
       ``(3) The Secretary shall ensure that the defense 
     commissary system implements the variable pricing program by 
     conducting price comparisons using the methodology 
     established for paragraph (2)(B) and adjusting pricing as 
     necessary to ensure that pricing in the variable pricing 
     program achieves overall savings to patrons that are 
     consistent with the baseline savings established for the 
     relevant region pursuant to such paragraph.
       ``(j) Conversion to Nonappropriated Fund Entity or 
     Instrumentality.--(1) Subject to subsection (k), if the 
     Secretary determines that the variable pricing program has 
     met the benchmarks for success established pursuant to 
     paragraph (2)(A) of subsection (i) and the savings 
     requirements established pursuant to paragraph (3) of such 
     subsection over a period of at least six months, the 
     Secretary may convert the defense commissary system to a 
     nonappropriated fund entity or instrumentality, with 
     operating expenses financed in whole or in part by receipts 
     from the sale of products and the sale of services. Upon such 
     conversion, appropriated funds shall be transferred to the 
     defense commissary system only in accordance with paragraph 
     (2) or section 2491 of this title. The requirements of 
     section 2483 shall not apply to the defense commissary system 
     operating as a nonappropriated fund entity or 
     instrumentality.
       ``(2) If the Secretary determines that the defense 
     commissary system operating as a nonappropriated fund entity 
     or instrumentality is likely to incur a loss in any fiscal 
     year as a result of compliance with the savings requirement 
     established in subsection (i), the Secretary shall authorize 
     a transfer of appropriated funds available for such purpose 
     to the commissary system in an amount sufficient to offset 
     the anticipated loss. Any funds so transferred shall be 
     considered to be nonappropriated funds for such purpose.
       ``(3)(A) The Secretary of Defense may identify positions of 
     employees in the defense commissary system who are paid with 
     appropriated funds whose status may be converted to the 
     status of an employee of a nonappropriated fund entity or 
     instrumentality.
       ``(B) The status and conversion of employees in a position 
     identified by the Secretary under subparagraph (A) shall be 
     addressed as provided in section 2491(c) for employees in 
     morale, welfare, and recreation programs, including with 
     respect to requiring the consent of such employee to be so 
     converted.
       ``(C) No individual who is an employee of the defense 
     commissary system as of the date of the enactment of this 
     subsection shall suffer any loss of or decrease in pay as a 
     result of a conversion made under this paragraph.
       ``(k) Oversight Required to Ensure Continued Benefit to 
     Patrons.--(1) With respect to each action described in 
     paragraph (2), the Secretary may not carry out such action 
     until--
       ``(A) the Secretary provides to the congressional defense 
     committees a briefing on such action, including a 
     justification for such action; and
       ``(B) a period of 30 days has elapsed following such 
     briefing.
       ``(2) The actions described in this paragraph are the 
     following:
       ``(A) Establishing the representative market basket of 
     goods pursuant to subsection (i)(2)(B).
       ``(B) Establishing the variable pricing program under 
     subsection (i)(1).
       ``(C) Converting the defense commissary system to a 
     nonappropriated fund entity or instrumentality under 
     subsection (j)(1).''.
       (d) Establishment of Common Business Practices.--Section 
     2487 of such title is amended--
       (1) by redesignating subsection (c) as subsection (d); and
       (2) by inserting after subsection (b) the following new 
     subsection (c):
       ``(c) Common Business Practices.--(1) Notwithstanding 
     subsections (a) and (b), the Secretary of Defense may 
     establish common business processes, practices, and systems--
       ``(A) to exploit synergies between the defense commissary 
     system and the exchange system; and
       ``(B) to optimize the operations of the defense retail 
     systems as a whole and the benefits provided by the 
     commissaries and exchanges.
       ``(2) The Secretary may authorize the defense commissary 
     system and the exchange system to enter into contracts or 
     other agreements--
       ``(A) for products and services that are shared by the 
     defense commissary system and the exchange system; and
       ``(B) for the acquisition of supplies, resale goods, and 
     services on behalf of both the defense commissary system and 
     the exchange system.
       ``(3) For the purpose of a contract or agreement authorized 
     under paragraph (2), the Secretary may--
       ``(A) use funds appropriated pursuant to section 2483 of 
     this title to reimburse a nonappropriated fund entity or 
     instrumentality for the portion of the cost of a contract or 
     agreement entered by the nonappropriated fund entity or 
     instrumentality that is attributable to the defense 
     commissary system; and
       ``(B) authorize the defense commissary system to accept 
     reimbursement from a nonappropriated fund entity or 
     instrumentality for the portion of the cost of a contract or 
     agreement entered by the defense commissary system that is 
     attributable to the nonappropriated fund entity or 
     instrumentality.''.
       (e) Authority for Expert Commercial Advice.--Section 2485 
     of such title is amended by adding at the end the following 
     new subsection:
       ``(h) Expert Commercial Advice.--The Secretary of Defense 
     may enter into a contract with an entity to obtain expert 
     commercial advice, commercial assistance, or other similar 
     services not otherwise carried out by the Defense Commissary 
     Agency, to implement section 2481(c), subsections (i) and (j) 
     of section 2484, and section 2487(c) of this title.''.
       (f) Clarification of References to ``the Exchange 
     System''.--Section 2481(a) of title 10, United States Code, 
     is amended by adding at the end the following new sentence: 
     ``Any reference in this chapter to `the exchange system' 
     shall be treated as referring to each separate administrative 
     entity within the Department of Defense through which the 
     Secretary of Defense has implemented the requirement under 
     this subsection for a world-wide system of exchange 
     stores.''.
       (g) Operation of Defense Commissary System as a 
     Nonappropriated Fund Entity.--In the event that the defense 
     commissary system is converted to a nonappropriated fund 
     entity or instrumentality as authorized by section 2484(j)(1) 
     of title 10, United States Code, as added by subsection (c) 
     of this section, the Secretary may--
       (1) provide for the transfer of commissary assets, 
     including inventory and available funds, to the 
     nonappropriated fund entity or instrumentality; and
       (2) ensure that revenues accruing to the defense commissary 
     system are appropriately credited to the nonappropriated fund 
     entity or instrumentality.
       (h) Conforming Change.--Section 2643(b) of such title is 
     amended by adding at the end the following new sentence: 
     ``Such

[[Page H2493]]

     appropriatedfunds may be supplemented with additional funds 
     derived from improved management practices implemented 
     pursuant to sections 2481(c)(3) and 2487(c) of this title.''.

   Subtitle E--Travel and Transportation Allowances and Other Matters

     SEC. 641. MAXIMUM REIMBURSEMENT AMOUNT FOR TRAVEL EXPENSES OF 
                   MEMBERS OF THE RESERVES ATTENDING INACTIVE DUTY 
                   TRAINING OUTSIDE OF NORMAL COMMUTING DISTANCES.

       Section 478a(c) of title 37, United States Code, is 
     amended--
       (1) by striking ``The amount'' and inserting the following: 
     ``(1) Except as provided by paragraph (2), the amount''; and
       (2) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
       ``(2) The Secretary concerned may authorize, on a case-by-
     case basis, a higher reimbursement amount for a member under 
     subsection (a) when the member--
       ``(A) resides--
       ``(i) in the same State as the training location; and
       ``(ii) outside of an urbanized area with a population of 
     50,000 or more, as determined by the Bureau of the Census; 
     and
       ``(B) is required to commute to a training location--
       ``(i) using an aircraft or boat on account of limited or 
     nonexistent vehicular routes to the training location or 
     other geographical challenges; or
       ``(ii) from a permanent residence located more than 75 
     miles from the training location.''.

     SEC. 642. STATUTE OF LIMITATIONS ON DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE 
                   RECOVERY OF AMOUNTS OWED TO THE UNITED STATES 
                   BY MEMBERS OF THE UNIFORMED SERVICES, INCLUDING 
                   RETIRED AND FORMER MEMBERS.

       Section 1007(c)(3) of title 37, United States Code, is 
     amended by adding at the end the following new subparagraphs:
       ``(C)(i) In accordance with clause (ii), if the 
     indebtedness of a member of the uniformed services to the 
     United States occurs, through no fault of the member, as a 
     result of the overpayment of pay or allowances to the member 
     or upon the settlement of the member's accounts, the 
     Secretary concerned may not recover the indebtedness from the 
     member, including a retired or former member, using 
     deductions from the pay of the member, deductions from 
     retired or separation pay, or any other collection method 
     unless recovery of the indebtedness commences before the end 
     of the 10-year period beginning on the date on which the 
     indebtedness was incurred.
       ``(ii) Clause (i) applies with respect to cases of 
     indebtedness that incur on or after October 1, 2027.
       ``(D)(i) Not later than January 1 of each of years 2017 
     through 2027, the Director of the Defense Finance and 
     Accounting Service shall review all cases occurring during 
     the 10-year period prior to the date of the review of 
     indebtedness of a member of the uniformed services, including 
     a retired or former member, to the United States in which--
       ``(I) the recovery of the indebtedness commenced after the 
     end of the 10-year period beginning on the date on which the 
     indebtedness was incurred; or
       ``(II) the Director did not otherwise notify the member of 
     such indebtedness during such 10-year period.
       ``(ii) The Director shall submit to the congressional 
     defense committees and the Committees on Veterans' Affairs of 
     the House of Representatives and the Senate each review 
     conducted under clause (i), including the amounts owed to the 
     United States by the members included in such review.''.

                   TITLE VII--HEALTH CARE PROVISIONS

        Subtitle A--Reform of TRICARE and Military Health System

     SEC. 701. TRICARE PREFERRED AND OTHER TRICARE REFORM.

       (a) Establishment.--
       (1) TRICARE preferred.--Chapter 55 of title 10, United 
     States Code, is amended by inserting after section 1074n the 
     following new section:

     ``Sec. 1075. TRICARE Preferred

       ``(a) Establishment.--(1) Not later than January 1, 2018, 
     the Secretary of Defense shall establish a self-managed, 
     preferred-provider network option under the TRICARE program. 
     Such option shall be known as `TRICARE Preferred'.
       ``(2) The Secretary shall establish TRICARE Preferred in 
     all areas. Under TRICARE Preferred, eligible beneficiaries 
     will not have restrictions on the freedom of choice of the 
     beneficiary with respect to health care providers.
       ``(b) Enrollment Eligibility.--(1) The beneficiary 
     categories for purposes of eligibility to enroll in TRICARE 
     Preferred and cost sharing requirements applicable to such 
     category are as follows:
       ``(A) An `active-duty family member' category that consists 
     of beneficiaries who are covered by section 1079 of this 
     title (as dependents of active duty members).
       ``(B) A `retired' category that consists of beneficiaries 
     covered by subsection (c) of section 1086 of this title, 
     other than Medicare-eligible beneficiaries described in 
     subsection (d)(2) of such section.
       ``(C) A `reserve and young adult' category that consists of 
     beneficiaries who are covered by--
       ``(i) section 1076d of this title;
       ``(ii) section 1076e; or
       ``(iii) section 1110b.
       ``(2) A covered beneficiary who elects to participate in 
     TRICARE Preferred shall enroll in such option under section 
     1099 of this title.
       ``(c) Cost-sharing Requirements.--The cost sharing 
     requirements under TRICARE Preferred are as follows:
       ``(1) With respect to beneficiaries in the active-duty 
     family member category or the retired category by reason of 
     being a member or former member of the uniformed services who 
     originally enlists or is appointed in the uniformed services 
     on or after January 1, 2018, or by reason of being a 
     dependent of such a member, the cost sharing requirements 
     shall be calculated pursuant to subsection (d)(1).
       ``(2)(A) Except as provided by subsection (e), with respect 
     to beneficiaries described in subparagraph (B) in the active-
     duty family member category or the retired category, the cost 
     sharing requirements shall be calculated as if the 
     beneficiary were enrolled in TRICARE Extra or TRICARE 
     Standard as if TRICARE Extra or TRICARE Standard, as the case 
     may be, were still being carried out by the Secretary.
       ``(B) Beneficiaries described in this subparagraph are 
     beneficiaries who are eligible to enroll in the TRICARE 
     program by reason of being a member or former member of the 
     uniformed services who originally enlists or is appointed in 
     the uniformed services before January 1, 2018, or by reason 
     of being a dependent of such a member.
       ``(3) With respect to beneficiaries in the reserve and 
     young adult category, the cost sharing requirements shall be 
     calculated pursuant to subsection (d)(1) as if the 
     beneficiary were in the active-duty family member category or 
     the retired category, as applicable, except that the premiums 
     calculated pursuant to sections 1076d, 1076e, or 1110b of 
     this title, as the case may be, shall apply instead of any 
     enrollment fee required under this section.
       ``(d) Cost-sharing Amounts for Certain Beneficiaries.--(1) 
     Beneficiaries described in subsection (c)(1) enrolled in 
     TRICARE Preferred shall be subject to cost-sharing 
     requirements in accordance with the amounts and percentages 
     under the following table during calendar year 2018 and as 
     such amounts are adjusted under paragraph (2) for subsequent 
     years:

----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
     ``TRICARE         Active-Duty Family Member  (Individual/
     Preferred                         Family)                              Retired  (Individual/Family)
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Annual Enrollment   $300 / $600                                    $425 / $850
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Annual deductible   $0                                             $0
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
           Annual   $1,000                                         $3,000
  catastrophic cap
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
 Outpatient visit   $15 primary care                               $25 primary care
  civilian network
                    $25 specialty care                             $40 specialty care
                    .............................................  .............................................
                    Out of network: 20%                            25% of out of network
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
ER visit civilian   $40 network                                    $60 network
           network
                    20% out of network                             .............................................
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Urgent care   $20 network                                    $40 network
  civilian network
                    20% out of network                             25% out of network
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

[[Page H2494]]

 
Ambulatory surgery  $40 network                                    $80 network
  civilian network
                    20% out of network                             25% out of network
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Ambulance civilian  $15                                            $25
           network
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Durable medical   10%                                            20%
         equipment
  civilian network
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Inpatient visit   $60 per network admission                      $125 per admission network
  civilian network
                    .............................................  .............................................
                    20% out of network                             25% out of net work
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Inpatient skilled   $20 per day network                            $50 per day network
     nursing/rehab
          civilian
                    $50 per day out of network                     $300 per day or 20% of billed charges out of
                                                                    network
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

       ``(2) Each dollar amount expressed as a fixed dollar amount 
     in the table set forth in paragraph (1), and the amounts 
     determined under subsection (e), shall be annually indexed to 
     the amount by which retired pay is increased under section 
     1401a of this title, rounded to the next lower multiple of 
     $1. The remaining amount above such multiple of $1 shall be 
     carried over to, and accumulated with, the amount of the 
     increase for the subsequent year or years and made when the 
     aggregate amount of increases carried over under this clause 
     for a year is $1 or more.
       ``(3) Enrollment fees, deductible amounts, and catastrophic 
     caps under this section are on a calendar-year basis.
       ``(e) Exceptions to Certain Cost-sharing Amounts for 
     Certain Beneficiaries Eligible Prior to 2018.--(1) Subject to 
     paragraph (3), and in accordance with subsection (d)(2), the 
     Secretary shall establish an annual enrollment fee for 
     beneficiaries described in subsection (c)(2)(B) in the 
     retired category who enroll in TRICARE Preferred (other than 
     such beneficiaries covered by paragraph (2)). Such enrollment 
     fee shall be $100 for an individual and $200 for a family.
       ``(2) The enrollment fee established pursuant to paragraph 
     (1) for beneficiaries described in subsection (c)(2)(B) in 
     the retired category shall not apply with respect to the 
     following beneficiaries:
       ``(A) Retired members and the family members of such 
     members covered by paragraph (1) of section 1086(c) of this 
     title by reason of being retired under chapter 61 of this 
     title or being a dependent of such a member.
       ``(B) Survivors covered by paragraph (2) of such section 
     1086(c).
       ``(3) The Secretary may not establish an annual enrollment 
     fee under paragraph (1) until 90 days has elapsed following 
     the date on which the Comptroller General of the United 
     States is required to submit the review under paragraph (4).
       ``(4) Not later than February 1, 2020, the Comptroller 
     General of the United States shall submit to the Committees 
     on Armed Services of the House of Representatives and the 
     Senate a review of the following:
       ``(A) Whether health care coverage for covered 
     beneficiaries has changed since the enactment of this 
     section.
       ``(B) Whether covered beneficiaries are able to obtain 
     appointments for health care according to the access 
     standards established by the Secretary of Defense.
       ``(C) The percent of network providers that accept new 
     patients under the TRICARE program.
       ``(D) The satisfaction of beneficiaries under TRICARE 
     Preferred.
       ``(f) Publication of Measures.--As part of the 
     administration of TRICARE Prime and TRICARE Preferred, the 
     Secretary shall publish on a publically available Internet 
     website of the Department of Defense data on all measures 
     required by section 711 of the National Defense Authorization 
     Act for Fiscal Year 2017. The published measures shall be 
     updated not less frequently than quarterly.
       ``(g) Construction.--Nothing in this section may be 
     construed as affecting the availability of TRICARE Prime and 
     TRICARE for Life.
       ``(h) Definitions.--In this section, terms `active-duty 
     family member category', `retired category', and `reserve and 
     young adult category' mean the respective categories of 
     TRICARE Preferred enrollment described in subsection (b).''.
       (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at the 
     beginning of chapter 55 of title 10, United States Code, is 
     amended by inserting after the item relating to section 
     1074n, the following new item:

``1075. TRICARE Preferred.''.
       (b) TRICARE Prime Cost Sharing.--
       (1) In general.--Chapter 55 of title 10, United States 
     Code, is amended by inserting after section 1075, as added by 
     subsection (a), the following new section:

     ``Sec. 1075a. TRICARE Prime: cost sharing

       ``(a) Cost-sharing Requirements.--The cost sharing 
     requirements under TRICARE Prime are as follows:
       ``(1) There are no cost-sharing requirements for 
     beneficiaries who are covered by section 1074(a) of this 
     title.
       ``(2) With respect to beneficiaries in the active-duty 
     family member category or the retired category (as described 
     in section 1075(b)(1) of this title) by reason of being a 
     member or former member of the uniformed services who 
     originally enlists or is appointed in the uniformed services 
     on or after January 1, 2018, or by reason of being a 
     dependent of such a member, the cost-sharing requirements 
     shall be calculated pursuant to subsection (b)(1).
       ``(3)(A) With respect to beneficiaries described in 
     subparagraph (B) in the active-duty family member category or 
     the retired category (as described in section 1075(b)(1) of 
     this title), the cost-sharing requirements shall be 
     calculated in accordance with the other provisions of this 
     chapter without regard to subsection (b).
       ``(B) Beneficiaries described in this subparagraph are 
     beneficiaries who are eligible to enroll in the TRICARE 
     program by reason of being a member or former member of the 
     uniformed services who originally enlists or is appointed in 
     the uniformed services before January 1, 2018, or by reason 
     of being a dependent of such a member.
       ``(b) Cost-sharing Amounts.--(1) Beneficiaries described in 
     subsection (a)(2) enrolled in TRICARE Prime shall be subject 
     to cost-sharing requirements in accordance with the amounts 
     and percentages under the following table during calendar 
     year 2018 and as such amounts are adjusted under paragraph 
     (2) for subsequent years:


----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                          Active-Duty Family Member
          ``TRICARE Prime                    (Individual/Family)                Retired  (Individual/Family)
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Annual Enrollment                   $180 / $360                            $325 / $650
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Annual deductible                   No1                                    No1
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Annual catastrophic cap             $1,000                                 $3,000 per family
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

[[Page H2495]]

 
Outpatient visit civilian network   $0 with authorization                  $20 primary care
                                                                          --------------------------------------
                                    .....................................  $30 specialty care
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
ER visit civilian network           $0                                     $50 network
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Urgent care civilian network        $0                                     $30 network
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Ambulatory surgery civilian         $0 with authorization                  $60 network with authorization
 network
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Ambulance civilian network          $0                                     $20
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Durable medical equipment civilian  $0 with authorization                  20%
 network
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Inpatient visit civilian network    $0 with authorization                  $100 network per admission with
                                                                            authorization
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Inpatient skilled nursing/rehab     $0 with authorization                  $30 per day network with
 civilian                                                                   authorization
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
1: Deductibles and cost-sharing does apply to TRICARE Prime beneficiaries that seek care in the civilian network
  care through the point-of-service option (without a referral). Annual deductible is $300 individual and $600
  family. Cost-sharing for covered inpatient and outpatient services are 50% of the TRICARE allowable charges.

       ``(2) Each dollar amount expressed as a fixed dollar amount 
     in the table set forth in paragraph (1) shall be annually 
     indexed to the amount by which retired pay is increased under 
     section 1401a of this title, rounded to the next lower 
     multiple of $1. The remaining amount above such multiple of 
     $1 shall be carried over to, and accumulated with, the amount 
     of the increase for the subsequent year or years and made 
     when the aggregate amount of increases carried over under 
     this clause for a year is $1 or more.
       ``(3) Enrollment fees, deductible amounts, and catastrophic 
     caps under this section are on a calendar-year basis.''.
       (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at the 
     beginning of chapter 55 of title 10, United States Code, is 
     amended by inserting after the item relating to section 1075, 
     as added by subsection (a), the following new item:

``1075a. TRICARE Prime: cost sharing.''.
       (c) Portability.--Section 1073 of title 10, United States 
     Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new 
     subsection:
       ``(c) Portability in Program.--The Secretary of Defense 
     shall ensure that the enrollment status of covered 
     beneficiaries is portable between or among TRICARE program 
     regions of the United States and that effective procedures 
     are in place for automatic electronic transfer of information 
     between or among contractors responsible for administration 
     in such regions and prompt communication with such 
     beneficiaries. Each covered beneficiary enrolled in TRICARE 
     Prime who has relocated the beneficiary's primary residence 
     to a new area in which enrollment in TRICARE Prime is 
     available shall be able to obtain a new primary health care 
     manager or provider within 10 days of the relocation and 
     associated request for such manager or provider.''.
       (d) Termination of TRICARE Standard and TRICARE Extra.--
     Beginning on January 1, 2018, the Secretary of Defense may 
     not carry out TRICARE Standard and TRICARE Extra under the 
     TRICARE program. The Secretary shall ensure that any 
     individual who is covered under TRICARE Standard or TRICARE 
     Extra as of December 31, 2017, enrolls in TRICARE Prime, 
     TRICARE Preferred, or TRICARE for Life, as the case may be, 
     as of January 1, 2018, for the individual to continue 
     coverage under the TRICARE program.
       (e) Implementation Plan.--
       (1) In general.--Not later than June 1, 2017, the Secretary 
     of Defense shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services 
     of the House of Representatives and the Senate an 
     implementation plan to improve access to health care for 
     TRICARE beneficiaries pursuant to the amendments made by this 
     section.
       (2) Elements.--The plan under paragraph (1) shall--
       (A) ensure that at least 85 percent of the beneficiary 
     population under TRICARE Preferred is covered by the network 
     by January 1, 2018;
       (B) establish access standards for appointments for health 
     care;
       (C) establish mechanisms for monitoring compliance with 
     access standards;
       (D) establish health care provider-to-beneficiary ratios;
       (E) monitor on a monthly basis complaints by beneficiaries 
     with respect to network adequacy and the availability of 
     health care providers;
       (F) establish requirements for mechanisms to monitor the 
     responses to complaints by beneficiaries;
       (G) mechanisms to evaluate the quality metrics of the 
     network providers established under section 711;
       (H) any recommendations for legislative action the 
     Secretary determines necessary to carry out the plan; and
       (I) any other elements the Secretary determines 
     appropriate.
       (f) GAO Reviews.--
       (1) Implementation plan.--Not later than December 1, 2017, 
     the Comptroller General of the United States shall submit to 
     the Committees on Armed Services of the House of 
     Representatives and the Senate a review of the implementation 
     plan of the Secretary under paragraph (1) of subsection (e), 
     including an assessment of the adequacy of the plan in 
     meeting the elements specified in paragraph (2) of such 
     subsection.
       (2) Network.--Not later than September 1, 2017, the 
     Comptroller General shall submit to the Committees on Armed 
     Services of the House of Representatives and the Senate a 
     review of the network established under TRICARE Extra, 
     including the following:
       (A) An identification of the percent of beneficiaries who 
     are covered by the network.
       (B) An assessment of the extent to which beneficiaries are 
     able to obtain appointments under TRICARE extra.

[[Page H2496]]

       (C) The percent of network providers under TRICARE Extra 
     that accept new patients under the TRICARE program.
       (D) An assessment of the satisfaction of beneficiaries 
     under TRICARE Extra.
       (g) Definitions.--In this section:
       (1) The terms ``uniformed services'', ``covered 
     beneficiary'', ``TRICARE Extra'', ``TRICARE for Life'', 
     ``TRICARE Prime'', and ``TRICARE Standard'' have the meaning 
     given those terms in section 1072 of title 10, United States 
     Code, as amended by subsection (h).
       (2) The term ``TRICARE Preferred'' means the self-managed, 
     preferred-provider network option under the TRICARE program 
     established by section 1075 of such title, as added by 
     subsection (a).
       (h) Conforming Amendments.--
       (1) In general.--Title 10, United States Code, is amended 
     as follows:
       (A) Section 1072 is amended--
       (i) by striking paragraph (7) and inserting the following:
       ``(7) The term `TRICARE program' means the various programs 
     carried out by the Secretary of Defense under this chapter 
     and any other provision of law providing for the furnishing 
     of medical and dental care and health benefits to members and 
     former members of the uniformed services and their 
     dependents, including the following health plan options:
       ``(A) TRICARE Prime.
       ``(B) TRICARE Preferred.
       ``(C) TRICARE for Life.''; and
       (ii) by adding at the end the following new paragraphs:
       ``(11) The term `TRICARE Extra' means the preferred 
     provider option of the TRICARE program made available prior 
     to January 1, 2018, under which TRICARE Standard 
     beneficiaries may obtain discounts on cost-sharing as a 
     result of using TRICARE network providers.
       ``(12) The term `TRICARE Preferred' the self-managed, 
     preferred-provider network option under the TRICARE program 
     established by section 1075 of this title.
       ``(13) The term `TRICARE for Life' means the Medicare 
     wraparound coverage option of the TRICARE program made 
     available to the beneficiary by reason of section 1086(d) of 
     this title.
       ``(14) The term `TRICARE Prime' means the managed care 
     option of the TRICARE program.
       ``(15) The term `TRICARE Standard' means the TRICARE 
     program made available prior to January 1, 2018, covering--
       ``(A) medical care to which a dependent described in 
     section 1076(a)(2) of this title is entitled; and
       ``(B) health benefits contracted for under the authority of 
     section 1079(a) of this title and subject to the same rates 
     and conditions as apply to persons covered under that 
     section.''.
       (B) Section 1076d is amended--
       (i) in subsection (d)(1), by inserting after ``coverage.'' 
     the following: ``Such premium shall apply instead of any 
     enrollment fees required under section 1075 of this 
     section.''; and
       (ii) in subsection (f), by striking paragraph (2) and 
     inserting the following new paragraph:
       ``(2) The term `TRICARE Reserve Select' means the TRICARE 
     Preferred self-managed, preferred-provider network option 
     under section 1075 made available to beneficiaries by reason 
     of this section and in accordance with subsection (d)(1).''; 
     and
       (iii) by striking ``TRICARE Standard'' each place it 
     appears (including in the heading of such section) and 
     inserting ``TRICARE Reserve Select''.
       (C) Section 1076e is amended--
       (i) in subsection (d)(1), by inserting after ``coverage.'' 
     the following: ``Such premium shall apply instead of any 
     enrollment fees required under section 1075 of this 
     section.''; and
       (ii) in subsection (f), by striking paragraph (2) and 
     inserting the following new paragraph:
       ``(2) The term `TRICARE Retired Reserve' means the TRICARE 
     Preferred self-managed, preferred-provider network option 
     under section 1075 made available to beneficiaries by reason 
     of this section and in accordance with subsection (d)(1).'';
       (iii) in subsection (b), by striking ``TRICARE Standard 
     coverage at'' and inserting ``TRICARE coverage at''; and
       (iv) by striking ``TRICARE Standard'' each place it appears 
     (including in the heading of such section) and inserting 
     ``TRICARE Retired Reserve''.
       (D) Section 1079a is amended--
       (i) in the section heading, by striking ``CHAMPUS'' and 
     inserting ``TRICARE program''; and
       (ii) by striking ``the Civilian Health and Medical Program 
     of the Uniformed Services'' and inserting ``the TRICARE 
     program''.
       (E) Section 1099(c) is amended by striking paragraph (2) 
     and inserting the following new paragraph:
       ``(2) A plan under the TRICARE program.''.
       (F) Section 1110b(c)(1) is amended by inserting after 
     ``(b).'' the following: ``Such premium shall apply instead of 
     any enrollment fees required under section 1075 of this 
     section.''.
       (2) Clerical amendments.--The table of sections at the 
     beginning of chapter 55 of title 10, United States Code, is 
     further amended--
       (A) in the item relating to section 1076d, by striking 
     ``TRICARE Standard'' and inserting ``TRICARE Reserve 
     Select'';
       (B) in the item relating to section 1076e, by striking 
     ``TRICARE Standard'' and inserting ``TRICARE Retired 
     Reserve''; and
       (C) in the item relating to section 1079a, by striking 
     ``CHAMPUS'' and inserting ``TRICARE program''.
       (3) Conforming style.--Any new language inserted or added 
     to title 10, United States Code, by an amendment made by this 
     subsection shall conform to the typeface and typestyle of the 
     matter in which the language is so inserted or added.
       (i) Application.--The amendments made by this section shall 
     apply with respect to the provision of health care under the 
     TRICARE program beginning on January 1, 2018.

     SEC. 702. REFORM OF ADMINISTRATION OF THE DEFENSE HEALTH 
                   AGENCY AND MILITARY MEDICAL TREATMENT 
                   FACILITIES.

       (a) Administration.--
       (1) In general.--Chapter 55 of title 10, United States 
     Code, is amended by inserting after section 1073b the 
     following new section:

     ``Sec. 1073c. Administration of Defense Health Agency and 
       military medical treatment facilities

       ``(a) Administration of Military Medical Treatment 
     Facilities.--(1) Beginning October 1, 2018, the Director of 
     the Defense Health Agency shall be responsible for the 
     administration of each military medical treatment facility, 
     including with respect to--
       ``(A) budgetary matters;
       ``(B) information technology;
       ``(C) health care administration and management;
       ``(D) administrative policy and procedure; and
       ``(E) any other matters the Secretary of Defense determines 
     appropriate.
       ``(2) The commander of each military medical treatment 
     facility shall be responsible for--
       ``(A) ensuring the readiness of the members of the armed 
     forces and civilian employees at such facility; and
       ``(B) furnishing the health care and medical treatment 
     provided at such facility.
       ``(3) The Secretary of Defense shall establish within the 
     Defense Health Agency a professional staff serving in senior 
     executive service positions to carry out this subsection. The 
     Secretary may carry out this paragraph by appointing the 
     positions specified in subsections (b) and (c).
       ``(b) DHA Assistant Director.--(1) The Secretary of Defense 
     may establish in the Defense Health Agency an Assistant 
     Director for Health Care Administration. If so established, 
     the Assistant Director shall--
       ``(A) be a career appointee within the senior executive 
     service of the Department; and
       ``(B) report directly to the Director of the Defense Health 
     Agency.
       ``(2) If established under paragraph (1), the Assistant 
     Director shall be appointed from among individuals who have 
     equivalent education and experience as a chief executive 
     officer leading a large, civilian health care system.
       ``(3) If established under paragraph (1), the Assistant 
     Director shall be responsible for the following:
       ``(A) Establishing priorities for health care 
     administration and management.
       ``(B) Establishing policies and procedures for the 
     provision of direct care at military medical treatment 
     facilities.
       ``(C) Establishing priorities for budgeting matters with 
     respect to the provision of direct care at military medical 
     treatment facilities.
       ``(D) Establishing policies and procedures for clinic 
     management and operations at military medical treatment 
     facilities.
       ``(E) Establishing priorities for information technology at 
     and between the military medical treatment facilities.
       ``(c) DHA Deputy Assistant Directors.--(1)(A) The Secretary 
     of Defense may establish in the Defense Health Agency a 
     Deputy Assistant Director for Information Operations.
       ``(B) If established under subparagraph (A), the Deputy 
     Assistant Director for Information Operations shall be 
     responsible for management and execution of information 
     technology operations at and between the military medical 
     treatment facilities.
       ``(2)(A) The Secretary of Defense may establish in the 
     Defense Health Agency a Deputy Assistant Director for 
     Financial Operations.
       ``(B) If established under subparagraph (A), the Deputy 
     Assistant Director for Financial Operations shall be 
     responsible for the management and execution of budgeting 
     matters and financial management with respect to the 
     provision of direct care at military medical treatment 
     facilities.
       ``(3)(A) The Secretary of Defense may establish in the 
     Defense Health Agency a Deputy Assistant Director for Health 
     Care Operations.
       ``(B) If established under subparagraph (A), the Deputy 
     Assistant Director for Health Care Operations shall be 
     responsible for the execution of health care administration 
     and management in the military medical treatment facilities.
       ``(4)(A) The Secretary of Defense may establish in the 
     Defense Health Agency a Deputy Assistant Director for Medical 
     Affairs.
       ``(B) If established under subparagraph (A), the Deputy 
     Assistant Director for Medical Affairs shall be responsible 
     for the management and leadership of clinical quality and 
     process improvement, patient safety, infection control, 
     graduate medical education, clinical integration, utilization 
     review, risk management, patient experience, and civilian 
     physician recruiting.
       ``(5) Each Deputy Assistant Director appointed under 
     paragraphs (1) through (4) shall--
       ``(A) be a career appointee within the senior executive 
     service of the Department; and
       ``(B) report directly to the Assistant Director for Health 
     Care Administration.
       ``(d) DHA Deputy Director.--(1) In addition to the other 
     duties of the Joint Staff Surgeon, the Joint Staff Surgeon 
     shall serve as the Deputy Director for Combat Support of the 
     Defense Health Agency.
       ``(2) The responsibilities of the Deputy Director shall 
     include the following:
       ``(A) Ensuring that the Defense Health Agency meets the 
     operational needs of the commanders of the combatant 
     commands.
       ``(B) Coordinating with the military departments to ensure 
     that the staffing at the military

[[Page H2497]]

     medical treatment facilities support readiness requirements 
     for members of the armed forces and health care personnel.
       ``(C) Serving as the link between the commanders of the 
     combatant commands and the Defense Health Agency.
       ``(e) Appointments.--In carrying out subsection (a)(3), 
     including with respect to establishing positions under 
     subsections (b) and (c), the Secretary shall make 
     appointments under such subsections--
       ``(1) by not later than October 1, 2018; and
       ``(2) by not increasing the number of full-time equivalent 
     employees of the Defense Health Agency.
       ``(f) Definitions.--In this section:
       ``(1) The term `career appointee' has the meaning given 
     that term in section 3132(a)(4) of title 5.
       ``(2) The term `Defense Health Agency' means the Defense 
     Agency established pursuant to Department of Defense 
     Directive 5136.13, or such successor Defense Agency.
       ``(3) The term `senior executive service' has the meaning 
     given that term in section 2101a of title 5.''.
       (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at the 
     beginning of such chapter is amended by inserting after the 
     item relating to section 1073b the following new item:

``1073c. Administration of Defense Health Agency and military medical 
              treatment facilities.''.
       (b) Implementation Plan.--
       (1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense shall develop a 
     plan to implement section 1073c of title 10, United States 
     Code, as added by subsection (a).
       (2) Elements.--The plan developed under paragraph (1) shall 
     include the following:
       (A) How the Secretary will carry out subsection (a) of such 
     section 1073c.
       (B) Efforts to minimize potentially duplicative activities 
     carried out by the elements of the Defense Health Agency.
       (C) Efforts to maximize efficiencies in the activities 
     carried out by the Defense Health Agency.
       (D) How the Secretary will implement such section 1073 in a 
     manner that does not increase the number of full-time 
     equivalent employees of the headquarters activities of the 
     military health system as of the date of the enactment of 
     this Act.
       (c) Reports.--
       (1) Interim report.--Not later than March 1, 2017, the 
     Secretary shall submit to the congressional defense 
     committees a report containing--
       (A) a preliminary draft of the plan developed under 
     subsection (b)(1); and
       (B) any recommendations for legislative actions the 
     Secretary determines necessary to carry out the plan.
       (2) Final report.--Not later than March 1, 2018, the 
     Secretary shall submit to the congressional defense 
     committees a report containing the final version of the plan 
     developed under subsection (b)(1).
       (3) Comptroller general reviews.--
       (A) The Comptroller General of the United States shall 
     submit to the congressional defense committees--
       (i) a review of the preliminary draft of the plan submitted 
     under paragraph (1) by not later than September 1, 2017; and
       (ii) a review of the final version of the plan submitted 
     under paragraph (2) by not later than September 1, 2018.
       (B) Each review of the plan conducted under paragraph (A) 
     shall determine whether the Secretary has addressed the 
     required elements for the plan under subsection (b)(2).

     SEC. 703. MILITARY MEDICAL TREATMENT FACILITIES.

       (a) Administration.--
       (1) In general.--Chapter 55 of title 10, United States 
     Code, as amended by section 702, is further amended by 
     inserting after section 1073c the following new section:

     ``Sec. 1073d. Military medical treatment facilities

       ``(a) In General.--To support the medical readiness of the 
     armed forces and the readiness of medical personnel, the 
     Secretary of Defense, in consultation with the Secretaries of 
     the military departments, shall maintain the military medical 
     treatment facilities described in subsections (b), (c), and 
     (d).
       ``(b) Medical Centers.--(1) The Secretary of Defense shall 
     maintain medical centers in areas with a large population of 
     members of the armed forces and covered beneficiaries.
       ``(2) Medical centers shall serve as referral facilities 
     for members and covered beneficiaries who require 
     comprehensive health care services that support medical 
     readiness.
       ``(3) Medical centers shall consist of the following:
       ``(4) Inpatient and outpatient tertiary care facilities 
     that incorporate specialty and subspecialty care.
       ``(5) Graduate medical education programs.
       ``(6) Residency training programs.
       ``(7) Level one or level two trauma care capabilities.
       ``(c) Hospitals.--(1) The Secretary of Defense shall 
     maintain hospitals in areas where civilian health care 
     facilities are unable to support the health care needs of 
     members of the armed forces and covered beneficiaries.
       ``(2) Hospitals shall provide--
       ``(A) inpatient and outpatient health services to maintain 
     medical readiness; and
       ``(B) such other programs and functions as the Secretary 
     determines appropriate.
       ``(3) Hospitals shall consist of inpatient and outpatient 
     care facilities with limited specialty care that the 
     Secretary determines--
       ``(A) is cost effective; or
       ``(B) is not available at civilian health care facilities 
     in the area of the hospital.
       ``(d) Ambulatory Care Centers.--(1) The Secretary of 
     Defense shall maintain ambulatory care centers in areas where 
     civilian health care facilities are able to support the 
     health care needs of members of the armed forces and covered 
     beneficiaries.
       ``(2) Ambulatory care centers shall provide the outpatient 
     health services required to maintain medical readiness, 
     including with respect to partnerships established pursuant 
     to section 707 of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
     Fiscal Year 2017.
       ``(3) Ambulatory care centers shall consist of outpatient 
     care facilities with limited specialty care that the 
     Secretary determines--
       ``(A) is cost effective; or
       ``(B) is not available at civilian health care facilities 
     in the area of the ambulatory care center.''.
       (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at the 
     beginning of such chapter, as amended by section 702, is 
     further amended by inserting after the item relating to 
     section 1073c the following new item:

``1073d. Military medical treatment facilities.''.
       (b) Update of Study.--
       (1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense, in collaboration 
     with the Secretaries of the military departments, shall 
     update the report described in paragraph (2) to address the 
     restructuring or realignment of military medical treatment 
     facilities pursuant to section 1073d of title 10, United 
     States Code, as added by subsection (a), including with 
     respect to any expansions or consolidations of such 
     facilities.
       (2) Report described.--The report described in this 
     paragraph is the Military Health System Modernization Study 
     dated May 29th, 2015, required by section 713(a)(2) of the 
     Carl Levin and Howard P. ``Buck'' McKeon National Defense 
     Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2015 (Public Law 113-291; 
     128 Stat. 3414).
       (3) Submission.--Not later than 270 days after the date of 
     the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall 
     submit to the congressional defense committees the updated 
     report under paragraph (1).
       (c) Implementation Plan.--
       (1) In general.--Not later than two years after the date of 
     the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall 
     submit to the congressional defense committees an 
     implementation plan to restructure or realign the military 
     medical treatment facilities pursuant to section 1073d of 
     title 10, United States Code, as added by subsection (a).
       (2) Elements.--The implementation plan under paragraph (1) 
     shall include the following:
       (A) With respect to each military medical treatment 
     facility--
       (i) whether the facility will be realigned or restructured 
     under the plan;
       (ii) whether the functions of such facility will be 
     expanded or consolidated;
       (iii) the costs of such realignment or restructuring;
       (iv) a description of any changes to the military and 
     civilian personnel assigned to such facility as of the date 
     of the plan;
       (v) a timeline for such realignment or restructuring; and
       (vi) the justifications for such realignment or 
     restructuring, including an assessment of the capacity of the 
     civilian health care facilities located near such facility.
       (B) A description of the relocation of the graduate medical 
     education programs and the residency programs.

     SEC. 704. ACCESS TO URGENT CARE UNDER TRICARE PROGRAM.

       (a) In General.--Chapter 55 of title 10, United States 
     Code, is amended by inserting after section 1077 the 
     following new section:

     ``Sec. 1077a. Access to military medical treatment facilities 
       and other facilities

       ``(a) Urgent Care.--(1) Beginning not later than one year 
     after the date of the enactment of this section, the 
     Secretary of Defense shall ensure that military medical 
     treatment facilities, at locations the Secretary determines 
     appropriate, provide urgent care services for members of the 
     armed forces and covered beneficiaries until 11:00 p.m each 
     day.
       ``(2) With respect to areas in which a military medical 
     treatment facility covered by paragraph (1) is not located, 
     the Secretary shall ensure that members of the armed forces 
     and covered beneficiaries may access urgent care clinics that 
     are open during the hours specified in such paragraph through 
     the health care provider network under the TRICARE program.
       ``(3) A covered beneficiary may access urgent care services 
     without the need for preauthorization for such services.
       ``(4) The Secretary shall--
       ``(A) publish information about changes in access to urgent 
     care under the TRICARE program--
       ``(i) on the primary publicly available Internet website of 
     the Department; and
       ``(ii) on the primary publicly available website of each 
     military treatment facility; and
       ``(B) ensure that such information is made available on the 
     publically available Internet website of each current managed 
     care contractor that has established a health care provider 
     network under the TRICARE program.
       ``(b) Nurse Advice Line.--The Secretary shall ensure that 
     the nurse advice line of the Department directs covered 
     beneficiaries seeking access to care to the source of the 
     most appropriate level of health care required to treat the 
     medical conditions of the beneficiaries, including urgent 
     care services described in subsection (a).''.
       (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the 
     beginning of such chapter is amended by inserting after the 
     item relating to section 1077 the following new item:

``1077a. Access to military medical treatment facilities and other 
              facilities''.

[[Page H2498]]

  


     SEC. 705. ACCESS TO PRIMARY CARE CLINICS AT MILITARY MEDICAL 
                   TREATMENT FACILITIES.

       (a) In General.--Section 1077a of title 10, United States 
     Code, as added by section 704, is amended by adding at the 
     end the following new subsection:
       ``(c) Primary Care Clinics.--(1) The Secretary shall ensure 
     that primary care clinics at military medical treatment 
     facilities are available for members of the armed forces and 
     covered beneficiaries between the hours determined 
     appropriate under paragraph (2), including with respect to 
     expanded hours described in subparagraph (B) of such 
     paragraph.
       ``(2)(A) The Secretary shall determine the hours that each 
     primary care clinic at a military medical treatment facility 
     is available for members of the armed forces and covered 
     beneficiaries based on--
       ``(i) the needs of the military treatment facility to meet 
     the access standards under the TRICARE Prime program; and
       ``(ii) the primary care usage patterns of members and 
     covered beneficiaries at such military medical treatment 
     facility.
       ``(B) The primary care clinic hours at a military medical 
     treatment facility determined under subparagraph (A) shall 
     include expanded hours beyond regular business hours during 
     weekdays and the weekend if the Secretary determines under 
     such subparagraph that sufficient demand exists at the 
     military medical treatment facility for such expanded primary 
     care clinic hours.''.
       (b) Implementation.--The Secretary of Defense shall 
     implement subsection (c) of section 1077a of title 10, United 
     States Code, as added by subsection (a), by not later than 
     180 days after the date of the enactment of this Act.

     SEC. 706. INCENTIVES FOR VALUE-BASED HEALTH UNDER TRICARE 
                   PROGRAM.

       (a) In General.--Chapter 55 of title 10, United States 
     Code, is amended by inserting after section 1095g the 
     following new section:

     ``Sec. 1095h. TRICARE program: value-based health care

       ``(a) In General.--The Secretary of Defense may develop and 
     implement value-based incentive programs as part of any 
     contract awarded under this chapter for the provision of 
     health care services to covered beneficiaries to encourage 
     health care providers under the TRICARE program (including 
     physicians, hospitals, and other persons and facilities 
     involved in providing such health care services) to improve 
     the following:
       ``(1) The quality of health care provided to covered 
     beneficiaries under the TRICARE program.
       ``(2) The experience of covered beneficiaries in receiving 
     health care under the TRICARE program.
       ``(3) The health of covered beneficiaries.
       ``(b) Value-based Incentive Programs.--(1) In developing 
     value-based incentive programs under subsection (a), the 
     Secretary shall--
       ``(A) link payments to health care providers under the 
     TRICARE program to improved performance with respect to 
     quality, cost, and reducing the provision of inappropriate 
     care;
       ``(B) consider the characteristics of the population of 
     covered beneficiaries affected by the value-based incentive 
     program;
       ``(C) consider how the value-based incentive program would 
     affect the receipt of health care under the TRICARE program 
     by such covered beneficiaries;
       ``(D) establish or maintain an assurance that such covered 
     beneficiaries will have timely access to health care during 
     the operation of the value-based incentive program;
       ``(E) ensure that such covered beneficiaries do not incur 
     any additional costs by reason of the value-based incentive 
     program; and
       ``(F) consider such other factors as the Secretary 
     considers appropriate.
       ``(2) With respect to a value-based incentive program 
     developed and implemented under subsection (a), the Secretary 
     shall ensure that--
       ``(A) the size, scope, and duration of the value-based 
     incentive program is reasonable in relation to the purpose of 
     the value-based incentive program; and
       ``(B) the value-based incentive program relies on the core 
     quality performance metrics pursuant to section 711 of the 
     National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017.
       ``(c) Use of Existing Models.--In developing a value-based 
     incentive program under subsection (a), the Secretary may 
     adapt a value-based incentive program conducted by a TRICARE 
     managed care support contractor, the Centers for Medicare & 
     Medicaid Services, or any other governmental or commercial 
     health care program.''.
       (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the 
     beginning of such chapter is amended by inserting after the 
     item relating to section 1095g the following new item:

``1095h. TRICARE program: value-based health care.''.
       (c) Briefings.--
       (1) Prior to certain contract modifications.--Not later 
     than 60 days before the date on which the Secretary of 
     Defense modifies a contract awarded under chapter 55 of title 
     10, United States Code, to implement a value-based incentive 
     program under section 1095h of such title, as added by 
     subsection (a), the Secretary shall provide to the Committees 
     on Armed Services of the House of Representatives and the 
     Senate (and any other appropriate congressional committee 
     upon request) a briefing on any implementation plan of the 
     Secretary with respect to such a value-based incentive 
     program.
       (2) Annual briefing.--Not later than one year after the 
     date of the enactment of this Act, and annually thereafter 
     through 2022, the Secretary shall provide to the Committees 
     on Armed Services of the House of Representatives and the 
     Senate (and any other appropriate congressional committee 
     upon request) a briefing on the quality performance metrics 
     and expenditures relating to a value-based incentive program 
     developed and implemented under section 1095h of title 10, 
     United States Code, as added by subsection (a).
       (3) Appropriate congressional committees.--In this 
     subsection, the term ``appropriate congressional committees'' 
     means--
       (A) the congressional defense committees; and
       (B) the Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure of 
     the House of Representatives and the Committee on Commerce, 
     Science, and Transportation of the Senate.

     SEC. 707. IMPROVEMENTS TO MILITARY-CIVILIAN PARTNERSHIPS TO 
                   INCREASE ACCESS TO HEALTH CARE AND READINESS.

       (a) Partnership Agreements.--Subsection (a) of section 1096 
     of title 10, United States Code, is amended to read as 
     follows:
       ``(a) Partnership Agreements.--The Secretary of Defense may 
     enter into a partnership agreement between facilities of the 
     uniformed services and local or regional health care systems 
     if the Secretary determines that such an agreement would--
       ``(1) result in the delivery of health care to which 
     covered beneficiaries are entitled under this chapter in a 
     more effective, efficient, or economical manner; or
       ``(2) provide members of the armed forces with additional 
     training opportunities to maintain readiness requirements.''.
       (b) In General.--Such section 1096 is further amended--
       (1) by redesignating subsections (c) and (d) as subsections 
     (f) and (g), respectively; and
       (2) by inserting after subsection (b) the following new 
     subsections:
       ``(c) Criteria.--In entering into an agreement under 
     subsection (a) between a facility of the uniformed services 
     and a local or regional health care system, the Secretary 
     shall--
       ``(1) identify and analyze--
       ``(A) the health care delivery options provided by the 
     local or regional health care system; and
       ``(B) the health care services provided by the facility;
       ``(2) assess--
       ``(A) how such agreement affects the delivery of health 
     care at the facility and the readiness of the members of the 
     uniformed services;
       ``(B) the viability of the agreement with respect to 
     succeeding on a long-term basis in the local community of the 
     facility; and
       ``(C) the cost efficiency and effectiveness of the 
     agreement; and
       ``(3) consult with--
       ``(A) the Secretary concerned;
       ``(B) representatives from such facility, including the 
     leadership of the installation at which the facility is 
     located, the leadership of the facility, and covered 
     beneficiaries at such installation;
       ``(C) the TRICARE managed care support contractor with 
     responsibility for such facility;
       ``(D) officials of the Federal, State, and local 
     governments, as appropriate; and
       ``(E) representatives from the local or regional health 
     care system.
       ``(d) Local Consortium.--The Secretary shall ensure that an 
     agreement entered into under subsection (a) between a 
     facility of the uniformed services and a local or regional 
     health care system is developed by a consortium representing 
     the community of the facility and such health care system.
       ``(e) Biennial Evaluation.--The Secretary of Defense shall 
     evaluate each agreement entered into under subsection (a) on 
     a biennial basis to--
       ``(1) assess whether the agreement provides increased 
     access to health care for covered beneficiaries;
       ``(2) assess the training opportunities to maintain 
     readiness requirements provided pursuant to such agreement; 
     and
       ``(3) determine whether such agreement should continue.''.
       (c) Removal of Reimbursement Limit for Licensing Fees.--
     Subsection (g) of such section 1096, as redesignated by 
     subsection (a), is amended by striking ``up to $500 of''.

     SEC. 708. JOINT TRAUMA SYSTEM.

       (a) Plan.--
       (1) In general.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
     the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall 
     submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the House of 
     Representatives and the Senate an implementation plan to 
     establish a Joint Trauma System within the Defense Health 
     Agency that promotes improved trauma care to members of the 
     Armed Forces and other individuals who are eligible to be 
     treated for trauma at a military medical treatment facility.
       (2) Implementation.--The Secretary shall implement the plan 
     under paragraph (1) after a 90-day period has elapsed 
     following the date on which the Comptroller General of the 
     United States is required to submit to the Committees on 
     Armed Services of the House of Representatives and the Senate 
     the review under subsection (c). In implementing such plan, 
     the Secretary shall take into account any recommendation made 
     by the Comptroller General under such review.
       (b) Elements.--The Joint Trauma System described in 
     subsection (a)(1) shall include the following elements:
       (1) Serve as the reference body for all trauma care 
     provided across the military health system.
       (2) Establish standards of care for trauma services 
     provided at military medical treatment facilities.
       (3) Coordinate the translation of research from the centers 
     of excellence of the Department of Defense into standards of 
     clinical trauma care.
       (4) Coordinate the incorporation of lessons learned from 
     the trauma education and training

[[Page H2499]]

     partnerships pursuant to section 709 into clinical practice.
       (c) Review.--Not later than 120 days after the date on 
     which the Secretary submits to the Committees on Armed 
     Services of the House of Representatives and the Senate the 
     implementation plan under subsection (a)(1), the Comptroller 
     General of the United States shall submit to such committees 
     a review of such plan to determine if each element under 
     subsection (b) is included in such plan.
       (d) Review of Military Trauma System.--In establishing a 
     Joint Trauma System, the Secretary of Defense may seek to 
     enter into an agreement with a non-governmental entity with 
     subject matter experts to--
       (1) conduct a system-wide review of the military trauma 
     system; and
       (2) make publicly available a report containing such review 
     and recommendations to establish a comprehensive trauma 
     system for the Armed Forces.

     SEC. 709. JOINT TRAUMA EDUCATION AND TRAINING DIRECTORATE.

       (a) Establishment.--The Secretary of Defense shall 
     establish a Joint Trauma Education and Training Directorate 
     (in this section referred to as the ``Directorate'') to 
     ensure that the traumatologists of the Armed Forces maintain 
     readiness and are able to be rapidly deployed for future 
     armed conflicts. The Secretary shall carry out this section 
     in collaboration with the Secretaries of the military 
     departments.
       (b) Duties.--The duties of the Directorate are as follows:
       (1) To enter into and coordinate the partnerships under 
     subsection (c).
       (2) To establish the goals of such partnerships necessary 
     for trauma combat casualty care teams led by traumatologists 
     to maintain professional competency in trauma care.
       (3) To establish metrics for measuring the performance of 
     such partnerships in achieving such goals.
       (4) To develop methods of data collection and analysis for 
     carrying out paragraph (3).
       (5) To communicate and coordinate lessons learned from such 
     partnerships with the Joint Trauma System established under 
     section 708.
       (c) Partnerships.--
       (1) In general.--The Secretary shall enter into 
     partnerships with civilian academic medical centers and large 
     metropolitan teaching hospitals that have level I civilian 
     trauma centers.
       (2) Trauma combat casualty care teams.--Under the 
     partnerships entered into with civilian academic medical 
     centers and large metropolitan teaching hospitals under 
     paragraph (1), trauma combat casualty care teams of the Armed 
     Forces led by traumatologists of the Armed Forces shall embed 
     within the trauma centers of the medical centers and 
     hospitals on an enduring basis.
       (3) Selection.--The Secretary shall select civilian 
     academic medical centers and large metropolitan teaching 
     hospitals to enter into partnerships under paragraph (1) 
     based on patient volume, acuity, and other factors the 
     Secretary determines necessary to ensure that the 
     traumatologists of the Armed Forces and the associated 
     clinical support teams have adequate and continuous exposure 
     to critically injured patients.
       (4) Consideration.--In entering into partnerships under 
     paragraph (1), the Secretary may consider the experiences and 
     lessons learned by the military departments that have entered 
     into memoranda of understanding with civilian medical centers 
     for trauma care.
       (d) Analysis.--The Secretary of Defense shall conduct an 
     analysis to determine the number of traumatologists of the 
     Armed Forces, by specialty, that must be maintained within 
     the Department of Defense to meet the requirements of the 
     combatant commands.
       (e) Implementation Plan.--Not later than July 1, 2017, the 
     Secretary shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services of 
     the House of Representatives and the Senate an implementation 
     plan for establishing the Joint Trauma Education and Training 
     Directorate under subsection (a) and entering into 
     partnerships under subsection (c).
       (f) Level I Civilian Trauma Center Defined.--In this 
     section, the term ``level I civilian trauma center'' means a 
     comprehensive regional resource that is a tertiary care 
     facility central to the trauma system and is capable of 
     providing total care for every aspect of injury from 
     prevention through rehabilitation.

     SEC. 710. IMPROVEMENTS TO ACCESS TO HEALTH CARE IN MILITARY 
                   MEDICAL TREATMENT FACILITIES.

       (a) First Call Resolution.--
       (1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense shall implement 
     standard processes to ensure that, in the case of a 
     beneficiary contacting a military medical treatment facility 
     over the telephone for, at a minimum, scheduling an 
     appointment, requesting a prescription drug refill, and other 
     matters determined appropriate by the Secretary, the needs of 
     the beneficiary are met during the first such telephone call.
       (2) Metrics.--The Secretary shall--
       (A) develop metrics, collect data, and evaluate the 
     performance of the processes implemented under paragraph (1); 
     and
       (B) carry out satisfaction surveys to monitor the 
     satisfaction of beneficiaries with such processes, including 
     with respect to the satisfaction regarding access to 
     appointments and patient care.
       (b) Appointment Scheduling.--
       (1) In general.--The Secretary shall implement standard 
     processes to schedule beneficiaries for appointments at 
     military medical treatment facilities.
       (2) Elements.--The standard processes implemented under 
     paragraph (1) shall include the following:
       (A) Requiring clinics at military medical treatment 
     facilities to allow a beneficiary to schedule an appointment 
     for wellness visits or follow-up appointments during the six-
     month or longer period beginning on the date of the request 
     for the appointment.
       (B) A process to remind a beneficiary of future 
     appointments in a manner that the beneficiary prefers, which 
     may include sending postcards to the beneficiary prior to 
     appointments and making reminder telephone calls, emails, or 
     cellular text messages to the beneficiary at specified 
     intervals prior to appointments.
       (c) Appointment Supply and Demand.--
       (1) Productivity.--The Secretary shall implement standards 
     for the productivity of health care providers at military 
     medical treatment facilities. In developing such standards, 
     the Secretary shall consider civilian benchmarks for 
     measuring the productivity of health care providers, the 
     optimal number of appointments (patient contact hours) 
     required to maintain access according to the standards 
     developed by the Secretary, and readiness requirements.
       (2) Managing use of face-to-face appointments.--The 
     Secretary shall implement strategies for managing the use of 
     face-to-face appointments at military medical treatment 
     facilities. Such strategies may include--
       (A) maximizing the use of telehealth and virtual 
     appointments for beneficiaries at the discretion of the 
     health care provider and the beneficiary;
       (B) the implementation of remote patient monitoring of 
     chronic conditions to improve outcomes and reduce the number 
     of follow-up appointments for beneficiaries; and
       (C) maximizing the use of secure messaging between health 
     care providers and beneficiaries to improve the access of 
     beneficiaries to health care and reduce the number of visits 
     for health care needs.
       (d) Implementation.--The Secretary shall implement 
     subsections (a), (b), and (c) by not later than February 1, 
     2017.
       (e) Briefing.--Not later than March 1, 2017, the Secretary 
     shall provide the Committees on Armed Services of the House 
     of Representatives and the Senate a briefing on the 
     implementation of subsections (a), (b), and (c).
       (f) Beneficiaries Defined.--In this section, the term 
     ``beneficiaries'' means members of the Armed Forces and 
     covered beneficiaries (as defined in section 1072(5) of title 
     10, United States Code).

     SEC. 711. ADOPTION OF CORE QUALITY PERFORMANCE METRICS.

       (a) Adoption.--
       (1) In general.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
     the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall 
     adopt the core quality performance metrics agreed upon by the 
     Core Quality Measures Collaborative for use by the military 
     health system and in contracts awarded to carry out the 
     TRICARE program.
       (2) Core measures.--The core quality performance metrics 
     described in paragraph (1) shall include the following sets:
       (A) Accountable care organizations, patient centered 
     medical homes and primary care.
       (B) Cardiology.
       (C) Gastroenterology.
       (D) HIV and hepatitis C.
       (E) Medical oncology.
       (F) Obstetrics and gynecology.
       (G) Orthopedics.
       (b) Definitions.--In this section:
       (1) The term ``Core Quality Measures Collaborative'' means 
     the collaboration between the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid 
     Services, major health insurance companies, national 
     physician organizations, and other entities to reach 
     consensus on core performance measures reported by health 
     care providers.
       (2) The term ``TRICARE program'' has the meaning given that 
     term in section 1072 of title 10, United States Code.

     SEC. 712. STUDY ON IMPROVING CONTINUITY OF HEALTH CARE 
                   COVERAGE FOR RESERVE COMPONENTS.

       (a) Study.--The Secretary of Defense shall conduct a study 
     of options for providing health care coverage that improves 
     the continuity of health care provided to current and former 
     members of the Selected Reserve of the Ready Reserve who are 
     not--
       (1) serving on active duty;
       (2) eligible for the Transitional Assistance Management 
     Program under section 1145 of title 10, United States Code; 
     or
       (3) eligible for the Federal Employees Health Benefit 
     Program under chapter 89 of title 5.
       (b) Elements.--The study under subsection (a) shall address 
     the following:
       (1) Whether to allow current and former members of the 
     Selected Reserve to participate in the Federal Employees 
     Health Benefit Program under chapter 89 of title 5.
       (2) Whether to pay a stipend to current and former members 
     to continue coverage in a health plan obtained by the member.
       (3) Whether to allow current and former members to 
     participate in the TRICARE program under section 1076d of 
     title 10, United States Code.
       (4) Whether to allow members of the National Guard assigned 
     to Homeland Response Force Units mobilized for a State 
     emergency pursuant to chapter 9 of title 32, United States 
     Code, to remain eligible for the TRICARE program.
       (5) Any other options for providing health care coverage to 
     current and former members of the Selected Reserve the 
     Secretary considers appropriate.
       (c) Consultation.--In carrying out the study under 
     subsection (a), the Secretary shall consult with, and obtain 
     the opinions of, current and former members of the Selected 
     Reserve, including the leadership of the Selected Reserve.
       (d) Submission.--
       (1) Report.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
     enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall submit to the 
     congressional defense committees a report on the study under 
     subsection (a).

[[Page H2500]]

       (2) Matters included.--The report under paragraph (1) shall 
     include the following:
       (A) A description of the health care coverage options 
     addressed by the Secretary under subsection (b).
       (B) Identification of such health care coverage option that 
     the Secretary recommends as the best option.
       (C) The justifications for such recommended best option.
       (D) The number and proportion of the current and former 
     members of the Selected Reserve projected to participate in 
     such recommended best option.
       (E) A determination of the appropriate cost sharing for 
     such recommended best option with respect to the percentage 
     contribution as a monthly premium for current members of the 
     Selected Reserve.
       (F) An estimate of the cost of implementing such 
     recommended best option.
       (G) Any legislative language required to implement such 
     recommended best option.

                 Subtitle B--Other Health Care Benefits

     SEC. 721. PROVISION OF HEARING AIDS TO DEPENDENTS OF RETIRED 
                   MEMBERS.

       Section 1077 of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
       (1) in subsection (a)(16), by striking ``A hearing aid'' 
     and inserting ``Except as provided by subsection (g), a 
     hearing aid''; and
       (2) by adding at the end the following new subsection:
       ``(g) In addition to the authority to provide a hearing aid 
     under subsection (a)(16), hearing aids may be sold under this 
     section to dependents of former members of the uniformed 
     services at cost to the United States.''.

     SEC. 722. EXTENDED TRICARE PROGRAM COVERAGE FOR CERTAIN 
                   MEMBERS OF THE NATIONAL GUARD AND DEPENDENTS 
                   DURING CERTAIN DISASTER RESPONSE DUTY.

       (a) In General.--Chapter 55 of title 10, United States 
     Code, is amended by inserting after section 1076e the 
     following new section:

     ``Sec. 1076f. TRICARE program: extension of coverage for 
       certain members of the National Guard and dependents during 
       certain disaster response duty

       ``(a) Extended Coverage.--During a period in which a member 
     of the National Guard is performing disaster response duty, 
     the member shall be treated as being on active duty for a 
     period of more than 30 days for purposes of the eligibility 
     of the member and dependents of the member for health care 
     benefits under the TRICARE program if such period immediately 
     follows a period in which the member served on full-time 
     National Guard duty under section 502(f) of title 32, 
     including pursuant to chapter 9 of such title, unless the 
     Governor of the State (or, with respect to the District of 
     Columbia, the mayor of the District of Columbia) determines 
     that such extended eligibility is not in the best interest of 
     the member or the State.
       ``(b) Contribution by State.--(1) The Secretary may charge 
     a State for the costs of providing coverage under the TRICARE 
     program to members of the National Guard of the State and the 
     dependents of the members pursuant to subsection (a). Such 
     charges shall be paid from the funds of the State or from any 
     other non-Federal funds.
       ``(2) Any amounts received by the Secretary under paragraph 
     (1) shall be credited to the appropriation available for the 
     Defense Health Program Account under section 1100 of this 
     title, shall be merged with sums in such Account that are 
     available for the fiscal year in which collected, and shall 
     be available under subsection (b) of such section, including 
     to carry out subsection (a) of this section.
       ``(c) Definitions.--In this section:
       ``(1) The term `disaster response duty' means duty 
     performed by a member of the National Guard in State status 
     pursuant to an emergency declaration by the Governor of the 
     State (or, with respect to the District of Columbia, the 
     mayor of the District of Columbia) in response to a disaster 
     or in preparation for an imminent disaster.
       ``(2) The term `State' means each of the several States, 
     the District of Columbia, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, 
     and any territory or possession of the United States.''.
       (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the 
     beginning of such chapter is amended by inserting after the 
     item relating to section 1076e the following new item:

``1076f. TRICARE program: extension of coverage for certain members of 
              the National Guard and dependents during certain disaster 
              response duty.''.

                 Subtitle C--Health Care Administration

     SEC. 731. PROSPECTIVE PAYMENT OF FUNDS NECESSARY TO PROVIDE 
                   MEDICAL CARE FOR THE COAST GUARD.

       (a) In General.--Chapter 13 of title 14, United States 
     Code, is amended by adding at the end the following:

     ``Sec. 519. Prospective payment of funds necessary to provide 
       medical care

       ``(a) Prospective Payment Required.--In lieu of the 
     reimbursement required under section 1085 of title 10, the 
     Secretary of Homeland Security shall make a prospective 
     payment to the Secretary of Defense of an amount that 
     represents the actuarial valuation of treatment or care--
       ``(1) that the Department of Defense shall provide to 
     members of the Coast Guard, former members of the Coast 
     Guard, and dependents of such members and former members 
     (other than former members and dependents of former members 
     who are a Medicare-eligible beneficiary or for whom the 
     payment for treatment or care is made from the Medicare-
     Eligible Retiree Health Care Fund) at facilities under the 
     jurisdiction of the Department of Defense or a military 
     department; and
       ``(2) for which a reimbursement would otherwise be made 
     under section 1085.
       ``(b) Amount.--The amount of the prospective payment under 
     subsection (a) shall be--
       ``(1) in the case of treatment or care to be provided to 
     members of the Coast Guard and their dependents, derived from 
     amounts appropriated for the operating expenses of the Coast 
     Guard;
       ``(2) in the case of treatment or care to be provided 
     former members of the Coast Guard and their dependents, 
     derived from amounts appropriated for retired pay;
       ``(3) determined under procedures established by the 
     Secretary of Defense;
       ``(4) paid during the fiscal year in which treatment or 
     care is provided; and
       ``(5) subject to adjustment or reconciliation as the 
     Secretaries determine appropriate during or promptly after 
     such fiscal year in cases in which the prospective payment is 
     determined excessive or insufficient based on the services 
     actually provided.
       ``(c) No Prospective Payment When Service in Navy.--No 
     prospective payment shall be made under this section for any 
     period during which the Coast Guard operates as a service in 
     the Navy.
       ``(d) Relationship to TRICARE.--This section shall not be 
     construed to require a payment for, or the prospective 
     payment of an amount that represents the value of, treatment 
     or care provided under any TRICARE program.''.
       (b) Clerical Amendment.--The analysis for chapter 13 of 
     title 14, United States Code, is amended by adding at the end 
     the following:

``519. Prospective payment of funds necessary to provide medical 
              care.''.
       (c) Repeal.--Section 217 of the Coast Guard Authorization 
     Act of 2016 (Public Law 114-120), as amended by section 3504, 
     and the item relating to that section in the table of 
     contents in section 2 of such Act, are repealed.

                 Subtitle D--Reports and Other Matters

     SEC. 741. MENTAL HEALTH RESOURCES FOR MEMBERS OF THE MILITARY 
                   SERVICES AT HIGH RISK OF SUICIDE.

       (a) In General.--The Secretary of Defense shall develop a 
     methodology that identifies which members of the military 
     services are at high risk of suicide.
       (b) Mental Health Resources.--
       (1) High risk members of the military services.--The 
     Secretary of Defense shall use the results under subsection 
     (c) to--
       (A) identify which units have a disproportionately high 
     rate of suicide and suicide attempts; and
       (B) provide additional preventative and treatment resources 
     for mental health for members of the military services who 
     were deployed with the units identified under subparagraph 
     (A).
       (2) Preventative mental health care.--The Secretary of 
     Defense shall use the results under subsection (c) to--
       (A) identify the circumstances of deployments associated 
     with increased vulnerability to suicide, including the length 
     of deployment, the region and area of deployment, and the 
     nature and extent to which there was contact with enemy 
     forces; and
       (B) provide additional preventative mental health care to 
     units who currently are, or will be, deployed under 
     circumstances similar to those of subparagraph (A).
       (c) Methodology.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
     the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall 
     develop a methodology to assess the rate of suicide and 
     suicide attempts of members of the military services of units 
     that have been deployed in support of a contingency operation 
     after September 11, 2001.
       (d) Reports.--Not later than September 30, 2017, the 
     Secretary of Defense shall submit to the Committee on Armed 
     Services of the House of Representatives and the Committee on 
     Armed Services of the Senate a report on the activities 
     carried out under this section and the effectiveness of such 
     activities.
       (e) Restriction on Use of Information.--Information 
     disclosed or obtained pursuant to the provisions of this 
     section may be used by officers, employees, and contractors 
     of the Department of Defense only for the purposes of, and to 
     the extent necessary in, carrying out this section.
       (f) Military Services Defined.--In this section, the term 
     ``military services'' means the Army, Navy, Air Force, and 
     the Marine Corps, including the reserve components thereof.

     SEC. 742. RESEARCH OF CHRONIC TRAUMATIC ENCEPHALOPATHY.

       Of the funds authorized to be appropriated by this Act or 
     otherwise made available for fiscal year 2017 for advanced 
     development for research, development, test, and evaluation 
     for the Defense Health Program, not more than $25,000,000 may 
     be used to award grants to medical researchers and 
     universities to support research into early detection of 
     chronic traumatic encephalopathy.

     SEC. 743. ACTIVE OSCILLATING NEGATIVE PRESSURE TREATMENT.

       In furnishing health care and medical treatment to members 
     of the Armed Forces who have incurred injuries from 
     improvised explosive devices and other blast-related events, 
     the Secretary of Defense shall consider using non-invasive 
     technologies that increase blood flow to areas of reduced 
     circulation, including through the use of active oscillating 
     negative pressure treatment.

     SEC. 744. LONG-TERM STUDY ON HEALTH OF HELICOPTER AND 
                   TILTROTOR PILOTS.

       (a) Study Required.--The Secretary of Defense shall carry 
     out a long-term study of career helicopter and tiltrotor 
     pilots to assess potential links between the operation of 
     helicopter and tiltrotor aircraft and acute and chronic 
     medical conditions experienced by such pilots.

[[Page H2501]]

       (b) Elements.--The study under subsection (a) shall include 
     the following:
       (1) A study of career helicopter and tiltrotor pilots 
     compared to a control population that--
       (A) takes into account the amount of time such pilots 
     operated aircraft;
       (B) examines the severity and rates of acute and chronic 
     injuries experienced by such pilots; and
       (C) determines whether such pilots experience a higher 
     degree of acute and chronic medical conditions than the 
     control population.
       (2) If a higher degree of acute and chronic medical 
     conditions is observed among such pilots, an explanation of--
       (A) the specific causes of the conditions (such as whole 
     body vibration, seat and cockpit ergonomics, landing loads, 
     hard impacts, and pilot-worn gear); and
       (B) any costs associated with treating the conditions if 
     the causes are not mitigated.
       (3) A review of relevant scientific literature and prior 
     research.
       (4) Such other information as the Secretary determines to 
     be appropriate.
       (c) Duration.--The duration of the study under subsection 
     (a) shall be not more than 2 years.
       (d) Briefing.--Not later than June 6, 2017, the Secretary 
     shall provide to the Committees on Armed Services of the 
     Senate and House of Representatives (and other congressional 
     defense committees on request) a briefing on the progress of 
     the Secretary in carrying out the study under subsection (a).

     SEC. 745. PILOT PROGRAM FOR PRESCRIPTION DRUG ACQUISITION 
                   COST PARITY IN THE TRICARE PHARMACY BENEFITS 
                   PROGRAM.

       (a) Authority to Establish Pilot Program.--The Secretary of 
     Defense may conduct a pilot program to evaluate whether, in 
     carrying out the TRICARE pharmacy benefits program under 
     section 1074g of title 10, United States Code, extending 
     additional discounts for prescription drugs filled at retail 
     pharmacies will maintain or reduce prescription drug costs 
     for the Department of Defense.
       (b) Elements of Pilot Program.--In carrying out the pilot 
     program under subsection (a), the Secretary shall require 
     that for prescription medications, including but not limited 
     to non-generic maintenance medications, that are dispensed to 
     retired TRICARE beneficiaries that are not Medicare eligible, 
     through any TRICARE participating retail pharmacy, 
     manufacturers shall pay rebates such that those medications 
     are available to the Department at the lowest rate available. 
     In addition to utilizing the authority under section 1074g(f) 
     of title 10, United States Code, the Secretary shall have the 
     authority to enter into a purchase blanket agreement with 
     prescription drug manufactures for supplemental discounts for 
     prescription drugs dispensed in the pilot to be paid in the 
     form of manufactures rebates.
       (c) Consultation.--The Secretary shall develop the pilot 
     program in consultation with--
       (1) the Secretaries of the military departments, including 
     Army, Navy and Air Force;
       (2) the Chief, Pharmacy Operations Division, of the Defense 
     Health Agency; and
       (3) stakeholders, including TRICARE beneficiaries and 
     retail pharmacies.
       (d) Duration of Pilot Program.--If the Secretary carries 
     out the pilot program under subsection (a), the Secretary 
     shall commence such pilot program no later than October 1, 
     2017, and may terminate such program no later than September 
     30, 2018.
       (e) Reports.--If the Secretary carries out the pilot 
     program under subsection (a), the Secretary of Defense shall 
     submit to the congressional defense committees, including the 
     House and Senate Committees on Armed Services, reports on the 
     pilot program as follows:
       (1) Not later than 90 days after the date of the enactment 
     of this Act, a report containing an implementation plan for 
     the pilot program.
       (2) Not later than 180 days after the date on which the 
     pilot program commences, an interim report on the pilot 
     program.
       (3) Not later than 90 days after the date on which the 
     pilot program terminates, a final report describing the 
     results of the pilot program, including any recommendations 
     of the Secretary to expand such program. The final report 
     will include--
       (A) an analysis of the changes in prescription drug costs 
     for the Department related to the pilot program;
       (B) an analysis of the impact on beneficiary access to 
     prescription drugs;
       (C) a survey of beneficiary satisfaction with the pilot 
     program;
       (D) a summary of any fraud and abuse activities related to 
     the pilot and actions taken in response by the Department; 
     and
       (E) a comparison of immunization rates for beneficiaries 
     participating in the pilot and those outside of the pilot.

     SEC. 746. STUDY ON DISPLAY OF WAIT TIMES AT URGENT CARE 
                   CLINICS, PHARMACIES, AND EMERGENCY ROOMS OF 
                   MILITARY MEDICAL TREATMENT FACILITIES.

       (a) Study.--
       (1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense shall conduct a 
     study on the feasibility of placing in a conspicuous location 
     at each urgent care clinic of a military medical treatment 
     facility, pharmacy of such a facility, and emergency room of 
     such a facility an electronic sign that displays the current 
     average wait time for a patient to be seen by a qualified 
     medical professional or to receive a filled prescription, as 
     the case may be.
       (2) Determination of certain wait times.--For purposes of 
     conducting the study under paragraph (1) with respect to 
     urgent care clinics and emergency rooms, the average wait 
     time that would be displayed shall be--
       (A) determined by calculating, for the four-hour period 
     preceding the calculation, the average length of time 
     beginning at the time of the arrival of a patient and ending 
     at the time at which the patient is first seen by a doctor of 
     medicine, a doctor of osteopathy, a physician assistant, or 
     an advanced registered nurse practitioner; and
       (B) updated every 30 minutes.
       (b) Report.--Not later than March 1, 2017, the Secretary 
     shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the House 
     of Representatives and the Senate a report on the study 
     conducted under subsection (a)(1), including the estimated 
     costs for displaying the wait times as described in such 
     subsection.

     SEC. 747. REPORT ON FEASIBILITY OF INCLUDING ACUPUNCTURE AND 
                   CHIROPRACTIC SERVICES FOR RETIREES UNDER 
                   TRICARE PROGRAM.

       Not later than November 1, 2016, the Secretary of Defense 
     shall submit to the congressional defense committees a report 
     on the feasibility of furnishing acupuncture services and 
     chiropractic services under the TRICARE program to 
     beneficiaries who are retired members of the uniformed 
     services (not including any dependent of such a retired 
     member).

     SEC. 748. CLARIFICATION OF SUBMISSION OF REPORTS ON 
                   LONGITUDINAL STUDY ON TRAUMATIC BRAIN INJURY.

       Section 1080 of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
     Fiscal Year 2016 (Public Law 114-92; 129 Stat. 1000; 10 
     U.S.C. 111 note) shall not apply to reports submitted by the 
     Secretary of Defense to Congress under section 721 of the 
     John Warner National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
     Year 2007 (Public Law 109-364; 120 Stat. 2294).

  TITLE VIII--ACQUISITION POLICY, ACQUISITION MANAGEMENT, AND RELATED 
                                MATTERS

Subtitle A--Amendments to General Contracting Authorities, Procedures, 
                            and Limitations

     SEC. 801. REVISION TO AUTHORITIES RELATING TO DEPARTMENT OF 
                   DEFENSE TEST RESOURCE MANAGEMENT CENTER.

       Section 196 of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
       (1) in subsection (c)(1)(B), by striking ``of the Major 
     Range and Test Facility Base, including with respect to the 
     expansion, divestment, consolidation, or curtailment of 
     activities,'' and inserting the following: ``that comprise 
     the Major Range and Test Facility Base and other facilities 
     and resources used to support the acquisition programs of the 
     Department of Defense'';
       (2) in subsection (d)(2)(E)--
       (A) by striking ``plans and business case analyses 
     supporting any significant modification of'' and inserting 
     ``implementation plans and analyses supporting any 
     significant change to''; and
       (B) by striking ``including with respect to the expansion, 
     divestment, consolidation, or curtailment of activities'';
       (3) in subsection (f)--
       (A) in the subsection heading, by striking 
     ``Modifications'' and inserting ``Changes'';
       (B) in paragraph (1)--
       (i) in the matter preceding subparagraph (A), by striking 
     ``modification of the test'' and all that follows through 
     ``activities,'' and inserting ``change of the test and 
     evaluation facilities and resources that comprise the Major 
     Range and Test Facility Base and other facilities and 
     resources used to support the acquisition programs of the 
     Department of Defense'';
       (ii) in subparagraph (A), by striking ``a business case 
     analysis for such modification'' and inserting ``an 
     implementation plan and analysis, including an analysis of 
     cost considerations, that supports such a change''; and
       (iii) in subparagraph (B), by striking ``analysis and 
     approves such modification'' and inserts ``plan and analysis 
     and approves such change''; and
       (C) in paragraph (2), by striking ``business case'' and 
     inserting ``implementation plan and''; and
       (4) in subsection (i)--
       (A) by striking ``In this section, the term'' and inserting 
     ``In this section:
       ``(1) The term''; and
       (B) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
       ``(2) The term `significant change' means--
       ``(A) any action that will limit or preclude a test and 
     evaluation capability from fully performing its intended 
     purpose;
       ``(B) any action that affects the ability of the Department 
     of Defense to conduct test and evaluation in a timely or 
     cost-effective manner; or
       ``(C) any expansion or addition that develops a new 
     significant test capability.''.

     SEC. 802. AMENDMENTS TO RESTRICTIONS ON UNDEFINITIZED 
                   CONTRACTUAL ACTIONS.

       (a) Allowable Profit.--Section 2326(e) of title 10, United 
     States Code, is amended--
       (1) by redesignating paragraphs (1) and (2) as 
     subparagraphs (A) and (B);
       (2) by inserting ``(1)'' before ``The head''; and
       (3) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
       ``(2) If a contractor submits a qualifying proposal to 
     definitize an undefinitized contractual action and the 
     contracting officer for such action definitized the contract 
     after the end of the 180-day period beginning on the date on 
     which the contractor submitted the qualifying proposal, the 
     head of the agency concerned shall ensure that the profit 
     allowed on the contract accurately reflects the cost risk of 
     the contractor as it existed on the date the contractor 
     submitted the qualifying proposal.''.

[[Page H2502]]

       (b) Foreign Military Sales.--Section 2326 of such title is 
     further amended--
       (1) by redesignating subsections (f) and (g) as subsections 
     (g) and (h), respectively;
       (2) by inserting after subsection (e) the following new 
     subsection (f):
       ``(f) Foreign Military Sales.--A contracting officer of the 
     Department of Defense may not enter into an undefinitized 
     contractual action for a foreign military sale unless the 
     contractual action provides for agreement upon contractual 
     terms, specifications, and price by the end of the 180-day 
     period beginning on the date on which the contractor submits 
     a qualifying proposal to definitize such terms, 
     specifications, and price. This subsection may be waived in 
     the same manner as subsection (b) may be waived under 
     subsection (b)(4).''.
       (c) Definitions.--Subsection (h) of such section, as 
     redesignated by subsection (b), is amended--
       (1) in paragraph (1)--
       (A) by striking subparagraph (A); and
       (B) by redesignating subparagraphs (B), (C), and (D) as 
     subparagraphs (A), (B), and (C), respectively; and
       (2) in paragraph (2), by striking ``complete and meaningful 
     audits'' and all that follows through the period and 
     inserting ``a meaningful audit of the information contained 
     in the proposal.''.

     SEC. 803. REVISION TO REQUIREMENTS RELATING TO INVENTORY 
                   METHOD FOR DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE CONTRACTS FOR 
                   SERVICES.

       (a) Revision to Current Requirements.--Section 2330a of 
     title 10, United States Code, is amended--
       (1) by striking subsections (c), (d), (f), and (g);
       (2) by redesignating subsections (e), (h), (i), and (j) as 
     subsections (d), (e), (f), and (g), respectively; and
       (3) by inserting after subsection (b) the following new 
     subsection (c):
       ``(c) Inventory.--(1) The Secretary of Defense shall 
     implement a method for inventory of Department of Defense 
     contracts for services. The method implemented under this 
     subsection shall provide the capability to--
       ``(A) make appropriate comparisons of contractor and 
     Government civilian full-time equivalent employees for the 
     purpose of informing sourcing decisions and workforce 
     planning in compliance with section 129a of this title;
       ``(B) distinguish between different types of services 
     contracts, including contracts for labor or staff 
     augmentation and other types of services contracts;
       ``(C) provide qualitative information such as the nature of 
     the work performed, the place where the work is actually 
     performed (on-site or off-site), and the entity for which the 
     work is performed; and
       ``(D) identify the number of contractor employees, 
     expressed as full-time equivalents for direct labor, using 
     direct labor hours and associated cost data collected from 
     contractors.
       ``(2) The Secretary shall ensure that the method 
     implemented under this subsection is auditable at minimal 
     cost.''.
       (b) Implementation of Inventory Method.--Not later than 90 
     days after the date of the enactment of this Act, the 
     Secretary of Defense shall implement a method for inventory 
     of Department of Defense contracts for services, as required 
     by subsection (c) of section 2330a, as amended by subsection 
     (a). In implementing the method, the Secretary shall use 
     methods and systems, including time-and-attendance systems, 
     or combinations of methods and systems, in existence as of 
     the date of the enactment of this Act, as determined 
     appropriate by the Secretary.
       (c) Submission to Congress.--Not later than the end of the 
     third quarter of each fiscal year, through fiscal year 2021, 
     the Secretary of Defense shall submit to Congress a summary 
     of the inventory reporting activities performed by each 
     military department, each combatant command, and each Defense 
     Agency, during the preceding fiscal year pursuant to 
     contracts for services (and pursuant to contracts for goods 
     to the extent services are a significant component of 
     performance as identified in a separate line item of a 
     contract) for or on behalf of the Department of Defense.
       (d) Conforming Amendments.--
       (1) Section 2330a of title 10, United States Code, is 
     further amended--
       (A) in subsection (d), as redesignated by subsection (a)(2) 
     of this section, by striking ``Within 90 days after the date 
     on which an inventory is submitted under subsection (c),'' 
     and inserting ``Not later than the end of each fiscal 
     year,''; and
       (B) in subsection (e), as so redesignated--
       (i) by striking ``2014 and ending with 2016'' and inserting 
     ``2017 and ending with 2018''; and
       (ii) by striking ``subsections (e) and (f)'' and inserting 
     ``subsection (c)''.
       (2) Section 235(b) of such title is amended--
       (A) by striking ``and separately'' and all the follows 
     through ``amount requested'' and inserting ``and separately 
     identify the amount requested and the number of full-time 
     contractor employees (or the equivalent of full-time in the 
     case of part-time contractor employees)'';
       (B) by striking ``; and'' and inserting a period; and
       (C) by striking paragraph (2).

     SEC. 804. PROCUREMENT OF PERSONAL PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT.

       Section 884 of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
     Fiscal Year 2016 (Public Law 114-92; 129 Stat. 948; 10 U.S.C. 
     2302 note) is amended--
       (1) by inserting ``(a) Requirement.--'' before ``The 
     Secretary of Defense'';
       (2) by striking ``that is predominately'' and all that 
     follows through ``price'' and inserting ``described in 
     subsection (b)''; and
       (3) by adding at the end the following new subsection:
       ``(b) Source Selection Criteria Described.--For purposes of 
     subsection (a), the source selection criteria described in 
     this subsection are criteria--
       ``(1) that are predominately based on technical 
     qualifications of the item and not predominately based on 
     price;
       ``(2) that do not use reverse auction or lowest price 
     technically acceptable contracting methods; and
       ``(3) that reflect a preference for best value source 
     selection methods.''.

     SEC. 805. REVISION TO EFFECTIVE DATE OF SENIOR EXECUTIVE 
                   BENCHMARK COMPENSATION FOR ALLOWABLE COST 
                   LIMITATIONS.

       (a) Repeal of Retroactive Applicability.--Section 803(c) of 
     the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2012 
     (Public Law 112-81; 125 Stat. 1485; 10 U.S.C. 2324 note) is 
     amended by striking ``amendments made by'' and all that 
     follows and inserting ``amendments made by this section shall 
     apply with respect to costs of compensation incurred after 
     January 1, 2012, under contracts entered into on or after 
     December 31, 2011.''.
       (b) Applicability.--The amendment made by subsection (a) 
     shall take effect as of December 31, 2011, and shall apply as 
     if included in the National Defense Authorization Act for 
     Fiscal Year 2012 as enacted.

     SEC. 806. AMENDMENTS RELATED TO DETECTION AND AVOIDANCE OF 
                   COUNTERFEIT ELECTRONIC PARTS.

       Section 818 of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
     Fiscal Year 2012 (Public Law 112-81; 10 U.S.C. 2302 note) is 
     amended--
       (1) in paragraph (3) of subsection (c)--
       (A) by striking the heading and inserting ``Suppliers 
     meeting anticounterfeiting requirements.--'';
       (B) in subparagraph (A)(i), by striking ``trusted suppliers 
     in accordance with regulations issued pursuant to 
     subparagraph (C) or (D) who'' and inserting ``suppliers that 
     meet anticounterfeiting requirements in accordance with 
     regulations issued pursuant to subparagraph (C) or (D) and 
     that'';
       (C) in subparagraphs (A)(ii) and (A)(iii), by striking 
     ``trusted suppliers'' each place it appears and inserting 
     ``suppliers that meet anticounterfeiting requirements'';
       (D) in subparagraph (C), by striking ``as trusted suppliers 
     those'' and inserting ``suppliers'';
       (E) in subparagraph (D) in the matter preceding clause (i), 
     by striking ``trusted suppliers'' and inserting ``suppliers 
     that meet anticounterfeiting requirements''; and
       (F) in subparagraphs (D)(i) and (D)(iii), by striking 
     ``trusted'' each place it appears; and
       (2) in subsection (e)(2)(A)(v), by striking ``use of 
     trusted suppliers'' and inserting ``the use of suppliers that 
     meet applicable anticounterfeiting requirements''.

     SEC. 807. AMENDMENTS TO SPECIAL EMERGENCY PROCUREMENT 
                   AUTHORITY.

       Section 1903(a) of title 41, United States Code, is 
     amended--
       (1) by striking ``or'' at the end of paragraph (1);
       (2) by striking the period at the end of paragraph (2) and 
     inserting a semicolon; and
       (3) by adding after paragraph (2) the following new 
     paragraphs:
       ``(3) in support of a request from the Secretary of State 
     or the Administrator of the United States Agency for 
     International Development to facilitate the provision of 
     international disaster assistance pursuant to chapter 9 of 
     part I of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 (22 U.S.C. 2292 
     et seq.); or
       ``(4) in support of an emergency or major disaster (as 
     those terms are defined in section 102 of the Robert T. 
     Stafford Disaster Relief and Emergency Assistance Act (42 
     U.S.C. 5122)).''.

     SEC. 808. COMPLIANCE WITH DOMESTIC SOURCE REQUIREMENTS FOR 
                   FOOTWEAR FURNISHED TO ENLISTED MEMBERS OF THE 
                   ARMED FORCES UPON THEIR INITIAL ENTRY INTO THE 
                   ARMED FORCES.

       Section 418 of title 37, United States Code, is amended by 
     adding at the end the following new subsection:
       ``(d)(1) In the case of athletic footwear needed by members 
     of the Army, Navy, Air Force, or Marine Corps upon their 
     initial entry into the armed forces, the Secretary of Defense 
     shall furnish such footwear directly to the members instead 
     of providing a cash allowance to the members for the purchase 
     of such footwear.
       ``(2) In procuring athletic footwear to comply with 
     paragraph (1), the Secretary of Defense shall comply with the 
     requirements of section 2533a of title 10, without regard to 
     the applicability of any simplified acquisition threshold 
     under chapter 137 of title 10 (or any other provision of 
     law).
       ``(3) This subsection does not prohibit the provision of a 
     cash allowance to a member described in paragraph (1) for the 
     purchase of athletic footwear if such footwear--
       ``(A) is medically required to meet unique physiological 
     needs of the member; and
       ``(B) cannot be met with athletic footwear that complies 
     with the requirements of this subsection.''.

     SEC. 809. REQUIREMENT FOR POLICIES AND STANDARD CHECKLIST IN 
                   PROCUREMENT OF SERVICES.

       (a) Requirement.--Section 2330a of title 10, United States 
     Code, as amended by section 803, is further amended by adding 
     by adding at the end the following new subsection:
       ``(h) Request for Services Contract Approval.--(1) The 
     Under Secretary of Defense for Personnel and Readiness 
     shall--
       ``(A) ensure that Department of Defense Instruction 
     1100.22, Guidance for Manpower Mix, is modified to 
     incorporate policies establishing a standard checklist to be 
     completed ensuring the

[[Page H2503]]

     appropriate alignment of workload to the private sector prior 
     to the issuance of a solicitation for any new contract for 
     services or exercising an option under an existing contract 
     for services, including services provided under a contract 
     for goods; and
       ``(B) in coordination with the Under Secretary of Defense 
     for Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics, ensure that such 
     policies and checklist are incorporated by reference or 
     otherwise into the Service Requirements Review Board 
     processes established under Department of Defense Instruction 
     5000.74 and into the pre-solicitation requirements of the 
     Defense Federal Acquisition Regulation Supplement.
       ``(2) Such checklist shall, at minimum, consolidate and 
     address workforce management and sourcing considerations 
     established under sections 129, 129a, 2461, and 2463 of this 
     title as well as Office of Federal Procurement Policy Letter 
     11-01.''.
       (b) Army Model.--In implementing section 2330a(g) of title 
     10, United States Code, as added by subsection (a), the Under 
     Secretary of Defense for Personnel and Readiness shall model, 
     to the maximum extent practicable, its policies and checklist 
     on the policies and checklist relating to services contract 
     approval established and in use by the Department of the Army 
     (as set forth in the request for services contract approval 
     form updated as of August 2012, or any successor form).
       (c) Deadline.--The policies required under such section 
     2230a(g) of such title, as so added, shall be issued within 
     one year after the date of the enactment of this Act.

     SEC. 810. EXTENSION OF LIMITATION ON AGGREGATE ANNUAL AMOUNT 
                   AVAILABLE FOR CONTRACT SERVICES.

       Section 808 of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
     Fiscal Year 2012 (Public Law 112-81; 125 Stat. 1489), as most 
     recently amended by section 813 of the National Defense 
     Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2015 (Public Law 113-291; 
     128 Stat. 3429) is further amended--
       (1) in subsections (a) and (b), by striking ``or 2015'' and 
     inserting ``2015, 2016, or 2017'';
       (2) in subsection (c)(3), by striking ``and 2015'' and 
     inserting ``2015, 2016, and 2017'';
       (3) in subsection (d)(4), by striking ``or 2015'' and 
     inserting ``2015, 2016, or 2017''; and
       (4) in subsection (e), by striking ``2015'' and inserting 
     ``2017''.

 Subtitle B--Provisions Relating to Major Defense Acquisition Programs

     SEC. 811. CHANGE IN DATE OF SUBMISSION TO CONGRESS OF 
                   SELECTED ACQUISITION REPORTS.

       Section 2432(f) of title 10, United States Code, is amended 
     by striking ``45'' the first place it occurs and inserting 
     ``10''.

     SEC. 812. AMENDMENTS RELATING TO INDEPENDENT COST ESTIMATION 
                   AND COST ANALYSIS.

       (a) Amendments.--Section 2334 of title 10, United States 
     Code, is amended--
       (1) in subsection (a)(3), by striking ``selection of 
     confidence levels'' both places it appears and inserting 
     ``discussion of risk'';
       (2) in subsection (a)(6)--
       (A) by inserting ``or approve'' after ``conduct'';
       (B) by striking ``major defense acquisition programs'' and 
     all that follows through ``Authority--'' and inserting ``all 
     major defense acquisition programs, major automated 
     information system programs, and major subprograms--''; and
       (C) in subparagraph (B), by striking ``or upon the 
     request'' and all that follows through the semicolon at the 
     end and inserting ``, upon the request of the Under Secretary 
     of Defense for Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics, or 
     upon the request of the milestone decision authority;''
       (3) by redesignating subsections (b), (c), (d), (e), and 
     (f) as subsections (c), (d), (e), (f), and (h), respectively;
       (4) by inserting after subsection (a) the following new 
     subsection (b):
       ``(b) Independent Cost Estimate Required Before Approval.--
     (1) A milestone decision authority may not approve the system 
     development and demonstration, or production and deployment, 
     of a major defense acquisition program, major automated 
     information system program, or major subprogram unless an 
     independent cost estimate of the full life-cycle cost of the 
     program or subprogram has been conducted or approved by the 
     Director of Cost Assessment and Program Evaluation and 
     considered by the milestone decision authority.
       ``(2) The regulations governing the content and submission 
     of independent cost estimates required by subsection (a) 
     shall require that the independent cost estimate of the full 
     life-cycle cost of a program or subprogram include--
       ``(A) all costs of development, procurement, military 
     construction, operations and support, and trained manpower to 
     operate, maintain, and support the program or subprogram upon 
     full operational deployment, without regard to funding source 
     or management control; and
       ``(B) an analysis to support decision making that 
     identifies and evaluates alternative courses of action that 
     may reduce cost, reduce risk, and result in more affordable 
     programs.'';
       (5) in subsection (d), as so redesignated, in paragraph 
     (3), by striking ``confidence level'' and inserting 
     ``discussion of risk'';
       (6) in subsection (e), as so redesignated--
       (A) by amending the subsection heading to read as follows: 
     ``Discussion of Risk in Cost Estimates.--'';
       (B) by amending paragraph (1) to read as follows:
       ``(1) issue guidance requiring a discussion of risk, the 
     potential impacts of risk on program costs, and approaches to 
     mitigate risk in cost estimates for major defense acquisition 
     programs, major automated information system programs, and 
     major subprograms;'';
       (C) in paragraph (2)--
       (i) by striking ``such confidence level provides'' and 
     inserting ``cost estimates provide''; and
       (ii) by inserting ``or subprogram'' after ``the program''; 
     and
       (D) in paragraph (3), by striking ``disclosure required by 
     paragraph (1)'' and inserting ``information required in the 
     guidance under paragraph (1)''; and
       (7) by inserting after subsection (f), as so redesignated, 
     the following new subsection:
       ``(g) Guidelines and Collection of Cost Data.--(1) The 
     Director of Cost Assessment and Program Evaluation shall, in 
     consultation with the Under Secretary of Defense for 
     Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics, develop policies, 
     procedures, guidance, and a collection method to ensure that 
     acquisition cost data are collected in a standardized format 
     that facilitates cost estimation and comparison across 
     acquisition programs.
       ``(2) The program manager and contracting officer for each 
     major defense acquisition program, major automated 
     information system program, and major subprogram, in 
     consultation with the cost estimating component of the 
     relevant military department or Defense Agency, shall ensure 
     that cost data are collected in accordance with the 
     requirements of paragraph (1) for any acquisition program in 
     an amount greater than $100,000,000.
       ``(3) The requirement under paragraph (1) may be waived 
     only by the Director of Cost Assessment and Program 
     Evaluation.''.
       (b) Conforming Amendments to Add Subprograms.--Section 2334 
     of such title is further amended--
       (1) in subsection (a)(2), by inserting ``or major 
     subprogram'' before ``under chapter 144'';
       (2) in paragraphs (3), (4), and (5) of subsection (a) and 
     in subsection (c)(1) (as redesignated by subsection (a) of 
     this section), by striking ``major defense acquisition 
     programs and major automated information system programs'' 
     and inserting ``major defense acquisition programs, major 
     automated information system programs, and major 
     subprograms'' each place it appears;
       (3) in paragraphs (1) and (2) of subsection (d) (as so 
     redesignated), and in subsection (f)(4) (as so redesignated), 
     by striking ``major defense acquisition program or major 
     automated information system program'' and inserting ``major 
     defense acquisition program, major automated information 
     system program, or major subprogram'' each place it appears;
       (4) in subsection (d)(4) (as so redesignated), by inserting 
     before the period ``or major subprogram'';
       (5) in subsection (e)(3)(B) (as so redesignated), by 
     inserting ``or major subprogram'' after ``major defense 
     acquisition program''; and
       (6) in subsection (f)(3) (as so redesignated), by striking 
     ``major defense acquisition program and major automated 
     information system program'' and inserting ``major defense 
     acquisition program, major automated information system 
     program, and major subprogram''.
       (c) Repeal.--Chapter 144 of such title is amended--
       (1) by striking section 2434; and
       (2) in the table of sections at the beginning of such 
     chapter, by striking the item relating to such section.

     SEC. 813. REVISIONS TO MILESTONE B DETERMINATIONS.

        Section 2366b(a)(3) of title 10, United States Code, is 
     amended--
       (1) in subparagraph (B), by striking ``acquisition cost 
     in'' and all that follows through the semicolon, and 
     inserting ``life-cycle cost;''; and
       (2) in subparagraph (D), by striking ``funding is'' and all 
     that follows through ``made,'' and inserting ``funding is 
     expected to be available to execute the product development 
     and production plan for the program,''.

     SEC. 814. REVIEW AND REPORT ON SUSTAINMENT PLANNING IN THE 
                   ACQUISITION PROCESS.

       (a) Requirement for Review.--The Secretary of Defense shall 
     conduct a review of the extent to which sustainment matters 
     are considered in decisions related to the requirements, 
     acquisition, cost estimating, and programming and budgeting 
     processes for major defense acquisition programs. The review 
     shall include the following:
       (1) A determination of whether information related to the 
     operation and sustainment of major defense acquisition 
     programs, including cost data, is available to inform 
     decisions made during those processes.
       (2) If such information exists, an evaluation of the 
     completeness, timeliness, quality, and suitability of the 
     information for aiding in decisions made during those 
     processes.
       (3) A determination of whether information related to the 
     operation and sustainment of existing major weapon systems is 
     used to forecast the operation and sustainment needs of major 
     weapon systems proposed for or under development.
       (4) A description of the potential benefits from improved 
     completeness, timeliness, quality, and suitability of data on 
     operation and support costs and increased consideration of 
     such data.
       (5) Recommendations for improving access to and 
     consideration of operation and support cost data.
       (6) An assessment of product support strategies for major 
     weapon systems required by section 2337 of title 10, United 
     States Code, or other similar life-cycle sustainment 
     strategies, including an evaluation of--
       (A) the stage at which such strategies are developed during 
     the life of a major weapon system;
       (B) the content and completeness of such strategies;
       (C) the extent to which such strategies influence the 
     planning for major defense acquisition programs; and

[[Page H2504]]

       (D) the extent to which such strategies influence decisions 
     related to the life-cycle management and product support of 
     major weapon systems.
       (7) An assessment of how effectively the military 
     departments consider sustainment matters at key decision 
     points for acquisition and life-cycle management in 
     accordance with the requirements of sections 2431a, 2366a, 
     2366b, and 2337 of title 10, United States Code and section 
     832 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 
     2012 (Public Law 112-81; 10 U.S.C. 2430 note).
       (8) Recommendations for improving the consideration of 
     sustainment during the requirements, acquisition, cost 
     estimating, programming and budgeting processes.
       (b) Contract With Independent Entity.--Not later than 30 
     days after the date of the enactment of this Act, the 
     Secretary shall enter into a contract with an independent 
     entity with appropriate expertise to conduct the review 
     required by subsection (a). The contract also shall require 
     the entity to provide to the Secretary a report on the 
     findings of the entity.
       (c) Briefing.--Not later than March 1, 2017, the Secretary 
     shall provide a briefing to the Committees on Armed Services 
     of the Senate and House of Representatives on the preliminary 
     findings of the independent entity.
       (d) Submission to Congress.--Not later than August 1, 2017, 
     the Secretary shall submit to the congressional defense 
     committees a copy of the report of the independent entity, 
     along with comments on the report, proposed revisions or 
     clarifications to laws related to life-cycle management or 
     sustainment planning for major weapon systems, and a 
     description of any actions the Secretary may take to revise 
     or clarify regulations related to life-cycle management or 
     sustainment planning for major weapon systems.

     SEC. 815. REVISION TO DISTRIBUTION OF ANNUAL REPORT ON 
                   OPERATIONAL TEST AND EVALUATION.

       Section 139(h) of title 10, United States Code, is 
     amended--
       (1) in paragraph (2)--
       (A) by inserting ``the Secretaries of the military 
     departments,'' after ``Logistics,''; and
       (B) by striking ``10 days'' and all that follows through 
     ``title 31'' and inserting ``January 31 of each year, through 
     January 31, 2021''; and
       (2) in paragraph (5), by inserting after ``Secretary'' the 
     following: ``of Defense and the Secretaries of the military 
     departments''.

          Subtitle C--Provisions Relating to Commercial Items

     SEC. 821. REVISION TO DEFINITION OF COMMERCIAL ITEM.

       (a) In General.--Section 103(8) of title 41, United States 
     Code, is amended by striking ``to multiple State and local 
     governments'' and inserting ``to State, local, or foreign 
     governments''.
       (b) Effect on Section 2464.--Nothing in this section or the 
     amendment made by this section shall affect the meaning of 
     the term ``commercial item'' under section (a)(5) of section 
     2464 of title 10, United States Code, or any requirement 
     under subsection (a)(3) or subsection (c) of such section.

     SEC. 822. MARKET RESEARCH FOR DETERMINATION OF PRICE 
                   REASONABLENESS IN ACQUISITION OF COMMERCIAL 
                   ITEMS.

       Section 2377 of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
       (1) by redesignating subsection (d) as subsection (e), and 
     in that subsection by striking ``subsection (c)'' and 
     inserting ``subsections (c) and (d)''; and
       (2) by inserting after subsection (c) the following new 
     subsection (d):
       ``(d) Market Research for Price Analysis.--The Secretary of 
     Defense shall ensure that procurement officials in the 
     Department of Defense conduct or obtain market research to 
     support the determination of the reasonableness of price for 
     commercial items contained in any bid or offer submitted in 
     response to an agency solicitation. To the extent necessary 
     to support such market research, the procurement official for 
     the solicitation--
       ``(1) in the case of items acquired under section 2379 of 
     this title, shall use information submitted under subsection 
     (d) of that section; and
       ``(2) in the case of other items, may require the offeror 
     to submit relevant information.''.

     SEC. 823. VALUE ANALYSIS FOR THE DETERMINATION OF PRICE 
                   REASONABLENESS.

       Subsection 2379(d) of title 10, United States Code, is 
     amended--
       (1) by redesignating paragraph (2) as paragraph (3); and
       (2) by inserting after paragraph (1) the following new 
     paragraph (2):
       ``(2) An offeror may submit information or analysis 
     relating to the value of a commercial item to aid in the 
     determination of the reasonableness of the price of such 
     item. A contracting officer may consider such information or 
     analysis in addition to the information submitted pursuant to 
     paragraphs (1)(A) and (1)(B).''.

     SEC. 824. CLARIFICATION OF REQUIREMENTS RELATING TO 
                   COMMERCIAL ITEM DETERMINATIONS.

       Paragraphs (1) and (2) of section 2380 of title 10, United 
     States Code, are amended to read as follows:
       ``(1) establish and maintain a centralized capability with 
     necessary expertise and resources to provide assistance to 
     the military departments and Defense Agencies in making 
     commercial item determinations, conducting market research, 
     and performing analysis of price reasonableness for the 
     purposes of procurements by the Department of Defense; and
       ``(2) provide to officials of the Department of Defense 
     access to previous Department of Defense commercial item 
     determinations, market research, and analysis used to 
     determine the reasonableness of price for the purposes of 
     procurements by the Department of Defense.''.

     SEC. 825. PILOT PROGRAM FOR AUTHORITY TO ACQUIRE INNOVATIVE 
                   COMMERCIAL ITEMS USING GENERAL SOLICITATION 
                   COMPETITIVE PROCEDURES.

       (a) Authority.--The Secretary of Defense may carry out a 
     pilot program, to be known as a ``commercial solutions 
     opening pilot program'', under which innovative commercial 
     items may be acquired through a competitive selection of 
     proposals resulting from a general solicitation and the peer 
     review of such proposals.
       (b) Treatment as Competitive Procedures.--Use of general 
     solicitation competitive procedures for the pilot program 
     under subsection (a) shall be considered to be use of 
     competitive procedures for purposes of chapter 137 of title 
     10, United States Code.
       (c) Limitations on Funding.--
       (1) Limitation on individual contract amount.--The 
     Secretary may not enter into a contract under the pilot 
     program for an amount in excess of $10,000,000.
       (2) Annual limitation.--The total amount that may be 
     obligated or expended under the pilot program for a fiscal 
     year may not exceed $75,000,000.
       (d) Limitation Relating to Major Defense Acquisition 
     Program Systems.--The Secretary may not acquire innovative 
     commercial items under the pilot program to replace a system 
     under a major defense acquisition program in its entirety.
       (e) Guidance.--The Secretary shall issue guidance for the 
     implementation of the pilot program under this section within 
     the Department of Defense. Such guidance shall be issued in 
     consultation with the Office of Management and Budget and 
     shall be posted for access by the public.
       (f) Reports Required.--
       (1) In general.--Not later than six months after the 
     initiation of the pilot program, and every six months 
     thereafter, the Secretary shall submit to the Committees on 
     Armed Services of the Senate and House of Representatives a 
     report on the activities the Department of Defense carried 
     out under the pilot program.
       (2) Elements of report.--The report under this subsection 
     shall include the following:
       (A) An assessment of the impact of the pilot program on 
     competition.
       (B) An assessment of the ability under the pilot program to 
     attract proposals from nontraditional defense contractors (as 
     defined in section 2302(9) of title 10, United States Code).
       (C) A comparison of acquisition timelines for--
       (i) procurements made using the pilot program; and
       (ii) procurements made using other competitive procedures 
     that do not use general solicitations.
       (D) A recommendation on whether the authority for the pilot 
     program should be made permanent.
       (g) Definition.--In this section, the term ``innovative'' 
     means--
       (1) any new technology, process, or method, able to be used 
     to improve or replace existing information system 
     applications, programs, or networks, or used to improve 
     research and development of information technology 
     advancements; or
       (2) any new application of an existing technology, process, 
     or method.
       (h) Termination.--The authority to enter into a contract 
     under a pilot program under this section terminates on the 
     date occurring five years after the date of the enactment of 
     this Act.

                       Subtitle D--Other Matters

     SEC. 831. REVIEW AND REPORT ON THE BID PROTEST PROCESS.

       (a) Review.--The Secretary of Defense shall conduct a 
     review of the bid protest processes related to major defense 
     acquisition programs. The review shall examine the extent to 
     which--
       (1) the incidence and duration of bid protests have 
     increased or decreased during the previous decade;
       (2) bid protests have delayed procurement of items or 
     services;
       (3) there are differences in the incidence and outcomes of 
     bid protests filed by incumbent and non-incumbent 
     contractors;
       (4) protests filed by incumbent contractors result in 
     extension of the period of performance of a contract, and 
     whether there are benefits (monetary or non-monetary) to 
     incumbent contractors under such circumstances; and
       (5) there are alternative actions or authorities that could 
     give the Government more flexibility in managing contracts if 
     a bid protest is filed.
       (b) Contract With Independent Entity.--Not later than 30 
     days after the date of the enactment of this Act, the 
     Secretary of Defense shall enter into a contract with an 
     independent entity with appropriate expertise to conduct the 
     review required in subsection (a).
       (c) Briefing.--Not later than March 1, 2017, the Secretary, 
     or his designee, shall brief the Committees on Armed Services 
     of the Senate and House of Representatives on interim 
     findings of the independent entity.
       (d) Report.--Not later than July 1, 2017, the Secretary 
     shall submit to the congressional defense committees a report 
     on the findings of the independent entity, along with a 
     description of any actions that the Secretary proposes to 
     address the findings of the independent entity.

     SEC. 832. REVIEW AND REPORT ON INDEFINITE DELIVERY CONTRACTS.

       (a) Report.--The Comptroller General of the United States 
     shall deliver, not later than March 31, 2018, a report to 
     Congress on the use by the Department of Defense of 
     indefinite delivery contracts entered into during fiscal 
     years 2015, 2016, and 2017.
       (b) Elements.--The report under subsection (a) shall 
     address, at a minimum, the following:

[[Page H2505]]

       (1) A review of Department of Defense policies for using 
     indefinite delivery contracts, including requirements for 
     competition.
       (2) The number and value of all indefinite delivery 
     contracts entered into by the Department of Defense.
       (3) An assessment of the number and value of indefinite 
     delivery contracts entered into by the Department of Defense 
     that included competition between multiple vendors.
       (4) Selected case studies of indefinite delivery contracts, 
     including an assessment of whether any such contracts may 
     have limited future opportunities for competition for the 
     services or items required.
       (5) Recommendations for potential changes to current law or 
     Department of Defense acquisition regulations to promote 
     competition with respect to indefinite delivery contracts.

     SEC. 833. REVIEW AND REPORT ON CONTRACTUAL FLOW-DOWN 
                   PROVISIONS.

       (a) Review Required.--The Secretary of Defense shall 
     conduct a review of contractual flow-down provisions related 
     to major defense acquisition programs. The review shall--
       (1) identify the flow-down provisions that exist in the 
     Federal Acquisition Regulation and the Defense Federal 
     Acquisition Regulation Supplement;
       (2) identify the flow-down provisions that are critical for 
     national security;
       (3) examine the extent to which clauses in contracts with 
     the Department of Defense are being applied inappropriately 
     in subcontracts under the contracts;
       (4) assess the applicability of flow-down provisions for 
     the purchase of commodity items that are acquired in bulk for 
     multiple acquisition programs;
       (5) determine the unnecessary costs or burdens, if any, of 
     flow-down provisions on the supply chain; and
       (6) determine the effect, if any, of flow-down provisions 
     on the participation rate of small businesses and non-
     traditional defense contractors in defense procurements.
       (b) Contract.--Not later than 30 days after the date of the 
     enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall enter 
     into a contract with an independent entity with appropriate 
     expertise to conduct the review required by subsection (a).
       (c) Briefing.--Not later than March 1, 2017, the Secretary, 
     or his designee, shall brief the Committees on Armed Services 
     of the Senate and the House of Representatives on interim 
     findings of the independent entity as well as initial 
     recommendations of the entity on how to modify or eliminate 
     contractual flow-down requirements that the entity considers 
     burdensome or unnecessary.
       (d) Report.--Not later than August 1, 2017, the Secretary 
     shall submit to the congressional defense committees a report 
     on the findings of the independent entity, along with a 
     description of any actions that the Secretary proposes to 
     address the findings of the independent entity.

     SEC. 834. REVIEW OF ANTI-COMPETITIVE SPECIFICATIONS IN 
                   INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY ACQUISITIONS.

       (a) Review Required.--Not later than 180 days after the 
     date of the enactment of this Act, the Under Secretary of 
     Defense for Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics shall 
     conduct a review of the policy, guidance, regulations, and 
     training related to specifications included in information 
     technology acquisitions to ensure current policies eliminate 
     the unjustified use of potentially anti-competitive 
     specifications. In conducting the review, the Under Secretary 
     shall examine the use of brand names or proprietary 
     specifications or standards in solicitations for procurements 
     of goods and services, as well as the current acquisition 
     training curriculum related to those areas.
       (b) Briefing Required.--Not later than 270 days after the 
     date of the enactment of this Act, the Under Secretary shall 
     provide a briefing to the Committees on Armed Services of the 
     Senate and House of Representatives on the results of the 
     review required by subsection (a).
       (c) Additional Guidance.--Not later than one year after the 
     date of the enactment of this Act, the Under Secretary shall 
     revise policies, guidance, and training to incorporate such 
     recommendations as the Under Secretary considers appropriate 
     from the review required by subsection (a).

     SEC. 835. COAST GUARD MAJOR ACQUISITION PROGRAMS.

       (a) Functions of Chief Acquisition Officer.--Section 56(c) 
     of title 14, United States Code, is amended by striking 
     ``and'' after the semicolon at the end of paragraph (8), 
     striking the period at the end of paragraph (9) and inserting 
     ``; and'', and adding at the end the following:
       ``(10)(A) keeping the Commandant informed of the progress 
     of major acquisition programs (as that term is defined in 
     section 581);
       ``(B) informing the Commandant on a continuing basis of any 
     developments on such programs that may require new or 
     revisited trade-offs among cost, schedule, technical 
     feasibility, and performance, including--
       ``(i) significant cost growth or schedule slippage; and
       ``(ii) requirements creep (as that term is defined in 
     section 2547(c)(1) of title 10); and
       ``(C) ensuring that the views of the Commandant regarding 
     such programs on cost, schedule, technical feasibility, and 
     performance trade-offs are strongly considered by program 
     managers and program executive officers in all phases of the 
     acquisition process.''.
       (b) Customer Service Mission of Directorate.--
       (1) In general.--Chapter 15 of title 14, United States 
     Code, is amended--
       (A) in section 561(b)--
       (i) in paragraph (1), by striking ``; and'' and inserting a 
     semicolon;
       (ii) in paragraph (2), by striking the period and inserting 
     ``; and''; and
       (iii) by adding at the end the following:
       ``(3) to meet the needs of customers of major acquisition 
     programs in the most cost-effective manner practicable.'';
       (B) in section 562, by repealing subsection (b) and 
     redesignating subsections (c) through (g) as subsections (b) 
     through (f), respectively;
       (C) in section 563, by striking ``Not later than 180 days 
     after the date of enactment of the Coast Guard Authorization 
     Act of 2010, the Commandant shall commence implementation 
     of'' and inserting ``The Commandant shall maintain'';
       (D) by adding at the end of section 564 the following:
       ``(c) Acquisition of Unmanned Aerial Systems.--
       ``(1) In general.--The Commandant--
       ``(A) may not award a contract for design of an unmanned 
     aerial system for use by the Coast Guard; and
       ``(B) may acquire an unmanned aerial system only--
       ``(i) if such a system has been acquired or has been used 
     by the Department of Defense or the Department of Homeland 
     Security, or a component thereof, before the date on which 
     the Commandant acquires the system; and
       ``(ii) through an agreement with such department or 
     component, unless the unmanned aerial system can be obtained 
     at less cost through independent contract action.
       ``(2) Limitation on application.--The limitations of 
     paragraph (1)(B) shall not apply to any small unmanned aerial 
     system that consists of--
       ``(A) an unmanned aircraft weighing less than 55 pounds on 
     takeoff, including all components and equipment on board or 
     otherwise attached to the aircraft; and
       ``(B) associated elements (including communication links 
     and the components that control such aircraft) that are 
     required for the safe and efficient operation of such 
     aircraft.'';
       (E) in subchapter II, by adding at the end the following:

     ``Sec. 578. Role of Vice Commandant in major acquisition 
       programs

       ``The Vice Commandant--
       ``(1) shall represent the customer of a major acquisition 
     program with regard to trade-offs made among cost, schedule, 
     technical feasibility, and performance with respect to such 
     program; and.
       ``(2) shall advise the Commandant in decisions regarding 
     the balancing of resources against priorities, and associated 
     trade-offs referred to in paragraph (1), on behalf of the 
     customer of a major acquisition program.

     ``Sec. 579. Extension of major acquisition program contracts

       ``(a) In General.--Notwithstanding section 564(a)(2) of 
     this title and section 2304 of title 10, and subject to 
     subsections (b) and (c) of this section, the Secretary may 
     acquire additional units procured under a Coast Guard major 
     acquisition program contract, by extension of such contract 
     without competition, if the Comptroller General of the United 
     States determines that the costs that would be saved through 
     award of a new contract in accordance with such sections 
     would not exceed the costs of such an award.
       ``(b) Limitation on Number of Additional Units.--The number 
     of additional units acquired under a contract extension under 
     this section may not exceed the number of additional units 
     for which such determination is made.
       ``(c) Determination of Costs Upon Request.--The Comptroller 
     General shall, at the request of the Secretary, determine for 
     purposes of this section--
       ``(1) the costs that would be saved through award of a new 
     major acquisition program contract in accordance with section 
     564(a)(2) for the acquisition of a number of additional units 
     specified by the Secretary; and
       ``(2) the costs of such award, including the costs that 
     would be incurred due to acquisition schedule delays and 
     asset design changes associated with such award.
       ``(d) Number of Extensions.--A contract may be extended 
     under this section more than once.''; and
       (F) in section 581--
       (i) by redesignating paragraphs (7) through (10) as 
     paragraphs (9) through (12), respectively, and by 
     redesignating paragraphs (3) through (6) as paragraphs (4) 
     through (7), respectively;
       (ii) by inserting after paragraph (2) the following:
       ``(3) Customer of a major acquisition program.--The term 
     `customer of a major acquisition program' means the operating 
     field unit of the Coast Guard that will field the system or 
     systems acquired under a major acquisition program.''; and
       (iii) by inserting after paragraph (7), as so redesignated, 
     the following:
       ``(8) Major acquisition program.--The term `major 
     acquisition program' means an ongoing acquisition undertaken 
     by the Coast Guard with a life-cycle cost estimate greater 
     than or equal to $300,000,000.''.
       (2) Conforming amendment.--Section 569a of such title is 
     amended by striking subsection (e).
       (3) Clerical amendment.--The analysis at the beginning of 
     such chapter is amended by adding at the end of the items 
     relating to subchapter II the following:

``578. Role of Vice Commandant in major acquisition programs.
``579. Extension of major acquisition program contracts.''.
       (c) Review Required.--
       (1) Requirement.--The Commandant of the Coast Guard shall 
     conduct a review of--
       (A) the authorities provided to the Commandant in chapter 
     15 of title 14, United States Code, and other relevant 
     statutes and regulations related to Coast Guard acquisitions, 
     including developing recommendations to ensure

[[Page H2506]]

     that the Commandant plays an appropriate role in the 
     development of requirements, acquisition processes, and the 
     associated budget practices;
       (B) implementation of the strategy prepared in accordance 
     with section 562(b)(2) of title 14, United States Code, as in 
     effect before the enactment of the National Defense 
     Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017; and
       (C) acquisition policies, directives, and regulations of 
     the Coast Guard to ensure such policies, directives, and 
     regulations establish a customer-oriented acquisition system.
       (2) Report.--Not later than March 1, 2017, the Commandant 
     shall submit to the Committee on Transportation and 
     Infrastructure of the House of Representatives and the 
     Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation of the 
     Senate a report containing, at a minimum, the following:
       (A) The recommendations developed by the Commandant under 
     paragraph (1) and other results of the review conducted under 
     such paragraph.
       (B) The actions the Commandant is taking, if any, within 
     the Commandant's existing authority to implement such 
     recommendations.
       (3) Modification of policies, directives, and 
     regulations.--Not later than one year after the date of the 
     enactment of this Act, the Commandant of the Coast Guard 
     shall modify the acquisition policies, directives, and 
     regulations of the Coast Guard as necessary to ensure the 
     development and implementation of a customer-oriented 
     acquisition system, pursuant to the review under paragraph 
     (1)(C).
       (d) Analysis of Using Multiyear Contracting.--
       (1) In general.--No later than one year after the date of 
     the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of the department in 
     which the Coast Guard is operating shall submit to the 
     Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure of the House 
     of Representatives and the Committee on Commerce, Science, 
     and Transportation of the Senate an analysis of the use of 
     multiyear contracting, including procurement authority 
     provided under section 2306b of title 10, United States Code, 
     and authority similar to that granted to the Navy under 
     section 121(b) of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
     Fiscal Year 1998 (Public Law 105-85; 111 Stat. 1648) and 
     section 150 of the Continuing Appropriations Act, 2011 
     (Public Law 111-242; 124 Stat. 3519), to acquire any 
     combination of at least five--
       (A) Fast Response Cutters, beginning with hull 43; and
       (B) Offshore Patrol Cutters, beginning with hull 5.
       (2) Contents.--The analysis under paragraph (1) shall 
     include the costs and benefits of using multiyear 
     contracting, the impact of multiyear contracting on delivery 
     timelines, and whether the acquisitions examined would meet 
     the tests for the use of multiyear procurement authorities.

     SEC. 836. WAIVER OF CONGRESSIONAL NOTIFICATION FOR 
                   ACQUISITION OF TACTICAL MISSILES AND MUNITIONS 
                   GREATER THAN QUANTITY SPECIFIED IN LAW.

       Section 2308(c) of title 10, United States Code, is 
     amended--
       (1) by inserting ``(1)'' before ``The head'';
       (2) by inserting ``, except as provided in paragraph (2),'' 
     after ``but''; and
       (3) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
       ``(2) A notification is not required under paragraph (1) if 
     the end item being acquired in a higher quantity is an end 
     item under a tactical missile program or a munition 
     program.''.

     SEC. 837. CLOSEOUT OF OLD DEPARTMENT OF THE NAVY CONTRACTS.

       (a) Authority.--Notwithstanding any other provision of law, 
     the Secretary of the Navy may close out the contracts 
     described in subsection (b) through the issuance of one or 
     more modifications to such contracts without completing 
     further reconciliation audits or corrective actions other 
     than those described in this section. To accomplish closeout 
     of such contracts--
       (1) remaining contract balances may be offset with balances 
     in other contract line items within a contract regardless of 
     the year or type of appropriation obligated to fund each 
     contract line item and regardless of whether the 
     appropriations for such contract line items have closed; and
       (2) remaining contract balances may be offset with balances 
     on other contracts regardless of the year or type of 
     appropriation obligated to fund each contract and regardless 
     of whether the appropriations for such contract line item 
     have closed.
       (b) Contracts Covered.--The contracts covered by this 
     section are a group of contracts that are with one contractor 
     and identified by the Secretary, each one of which is a 
     contract--
       (1) to design, construct, repair, or support the 
     construction or repair of Navy submarines that--
       (A) was entered into between fiscal years 1974 and 1998; 
     and
       (B) has no further supply or services deliverables due 
     under the terms and conditions of the contract;
       (2) with respect to which the Secretary of the Navy has 
     established the total final contract value; and
       (3) with respect to which the Secretary of the Navy has 
     determined that the final allowable cost may have a negative 
     or positive unliquidated obligation balance for which it 
     would be difficult to determine the year or type of 
     appropriation because--
       (A) the records for the contract have been destroyed or 
     lost; or
       (B) the records for the contract are available but the 
     contracting officer, in collaboration with the certifying 
     official, has determined that a discrepancy is of such a 
     minimal value that the time and effort required to determine 
     the cause of an out-of-balance condition is disproportionate 
     to the amount of the discrepancy.
       (c) Closeout.--The contracts described in subsection (b) 
     may be closed out--
       (1) upon receipt of $581,803 from the contractor, to be 
     deposited into the Treasury as miscellaneous receipts; and
       (2) without seeking further amounts from the contractor, 
     and without payment to the contractor of any amounts that may 
     be due under such contracts.
       (d) Adjustment and Closure of Records.--After closeout of 
     any contract described in subsection (b) using the authority 
     of this section, the payment or accounting offices concerned 
     may adjust and close any open finance and accounting records 
     relating to the contract.

     SEC. 838. REQUIREMENT THAT CERTAIN SHIP COMPONENTS BE 
                   MANUFACTURED IN THE NATIONAL TECHNOLOGY AND 
                   INDUSTRIAL BASE.

       (a) Additional Procurement Limitation.--Section 2534(a) of 
     title 10, United States Code, is amended by adding at the end 
     the following new paragraph:
       ``(6) Components for auxiliary ships.--Subject to 
     subsection (k), the following components:
       ``(A) Auxiliary equipment, including pumps, for all 
     shipboard services.
       ``(B) Propulsion system components, including engines, 
     reduction gears, and propellers.
       ``(C) Shipboard cranes.
       ``(D) Spreaders for shipboard cranes.''.
       (b) Implementation.--Such section is further amended by 
     adding at the end the following new subsection:
       ``(k) Implementation of Auxiliary Ship Component 
     Limitation.--Subsection (a)(6) applies only with respect to 
     contracts awarded by the Secretary of a military department 
     for new construction of an auxiliary ship after the date of 
     the enactment of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
     Fiscal Year 2017 using funds available for National Defense 
     Sealift Fund programs or Shipbuilding and Conversion, 
     Navy.''.

     SEC. 839. DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE ACQUISITION WORKFORCE 
                   DEVELOPMENT FUND DETERMINATION ADJUSTMENT.

       Subsection (d)(2)(D) of section 1705 of title 10, United 
     States Code, is amended by inserting after ``$400,000,000'' 
     the following: ``except that, in the case of fiscal year 
     2017, the Secretary may reduce the amount to $0''.

     SEC. 840. AMENDMENT TO PROHIBITION ON PERFORMANCE OF NON-
                   DEFENSE AUDITS BY DEFENSE CONTRACT AUDIT AGENCY 
                   TO EXEMPT AUDITS FOR NATIONAL NUCLEAR SECURITY 
                   ADMINISTRATION.

       Section 893(a) of the National Defense Authorization Act 
     for Fiscal Year 2016 (Public Law 114-92; Stat. 952) is 
     amended--
       (1) in paragraph (1), by striking ``Effective'' and 
     inserting ``Except as provided in paragraph (3), effective''; 
     and
       (2) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
       ``(3) Exception.--In this subsection, the term `non-Defense 
     Agencies' does not include the National Nuclear Security 
     Administration.''.

     SEC. 841. SELECTION OF SERVICE PROVIDERS FOR AUDITING 
                   SERVICES AND AUDIT READINESS SERVICES.

       The Department of Defense shall select service providers 
     for auditing services and audit readiness services based on 
     the best value to the Department, as determined by the 
     resource sponsor for an auditing contract, rather than based 
     on the lowest price technically acceptable service provider.

     SEC. 842. MODIFICATIONS TO THE JUSTIFICATION AND APPROVAL 
                   PROCESS FOR CERTAIN SOLE-SOURCE CONTRACTS FOR 
                   SMALL BUSINESS CONCERNS.

       (a) Repeal of Simplified Justification and Approval 
     Process.--Section 811 of the National Defense Authorization 
     Act for Fiscal Year 2010 (Public Law 111-84; 123 Stat. 2405; 
     41 U.S.C. 3304 note) is repealed.
       (b) Requirements for Justification and Approval Process.--
       (1) Defense procurements.--Section 2304(f)(2)(D)(ii) of 
     title 10, United States Code, is amended by inserting ``only 
     if such procurement is for property or services in an amount 
     less than $20,000,000'' before the semicolon at the end.
       (2) Civilian procurements.--Section 3304(e)(4) of title 41, 
     United States Code, is amended--
       (A) in subparagraph (C), by striking ``or'' at the end;
       (B) in subparagraph (D), by striking ``or section 8(a) of 
     the Small Business Act (15 U.S.C. 637(a)).'' and inserting 
     ``; or''; and
       (C) by adding at the end the following new subparagraph:
       ``(E) the procurement is for property or services in an 
     amount less than $20,000,000 and is conducted under section 
     8(a) of the Small Business Act (15 U.S.C. 637(a)).''.

      TITLE IX--DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE ORGANIZATION AND MANAGEMENT

                  Subtitle A--Goldwater-Nichols Reform

     SEC. 901. SENSE OF CONGRESS ON GOLDWATER-NICHOLS REFORM.

       It is the sense of Congress that the following principles 
     should be adhered to in any reform of the Goldwater-Nichols 
     Department of Defense Reorganization Act of 1986:
       (1) Civilian control of the military and the civilian chain 
     of command must be preserved.
       (2) The role of the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff 
     in providing independent military advice, as the principal 
     military advisor to the President and the Secretary of 
     Defense, must be preserved.
       (3) Any changes to the Goldwater-Nichols Act of 1986 should 
     be rooted in a clear identification and understanding of the 
     issues and the objectives and ramifications of any changes.

[[Page H2507]]

       (4) Any changes to the Goldwater-Nichols Act of 1986 should 
     enhance the capabilities of the United States Armed Forces.
       (5) Each Geographical Unified Command has its own distinct 
     area of emphasis and expertise, as well as requirements and 
     responsibilities. Combining Northern Command and Southern 
     Command, or combining European Command and Africa Command, 
     would severely degrade mission effectiveness, but would 
     provide only marginal increased efficiency. Additionally, 
     consolidating Geographic Unified Commands would cause 
     unacceptable risk to both global strategic influence as well 
     as regional capability, and would exacerbate already 
     significant capacity challenges.
       (6) The emphasis on strategy and planning in the Goldwater-
     Nichols Act must be sustained.
       (7) Complex security challenges will become increasingly 
     transregional, multi-domain, and multi-functional.
       (8) Therefore, the Department of Defense, including 
     streamlined headquarters staffs, must be more agile and 
     adaptive.

     SEC. 902. REPEAL OF DEFENSE STRATEGY REVIEW.

       (a) Repeal.--Section 118 of title 10, United States Code, 
     is repealed.
       (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the 
     beginning of chapter 2 of such title is amended by striking 
     the item relating to section 118.

     SEC. 903. COMMISSION ON THE NATIONAL DEFENSE STRATEGY FOR THE 
                   UNITED STATES.

       (a) Establishment.--There is hereby established a 
     commission to be known as the ``Commission on the National 
     Defense Strategy for the United States''. The purpose of the 
     commission is to examine and make recommendations with 
     respect to national defense strategy for the United States.
       (b) Composition.--
       (1) Membership.--The commission shall be composed of 12 
     members appointed as follows:
       (A) Three members appointed by the chair of the Committee 
     on Armed Services of the House of Representatives.
       (B) Three members appointed by the ranking minority member 
     of the Committee on Armed Services of the House of 
     Representatives.
       (C) Three members appointed by the chair of the Committee 
     on Armed Services of the Senate.
       (D) Three members appointed by the ranking minority member 
     of the Committee on Armed Services of the Senate.
       (2) Chair; vice chair.--
       (A) Chair.--The chair of the Committee on Armed Services of 
     the House of Representative and the chair of the Committee on 
     Armed Services of the Senate shall jointly designate one 
     member of the commission to serve as chair of the commission.
       (B) Vice chair.--The ranking minority member of the 
     Committee on Armed Services of the House of Representative 
     and the ranking minority member of the Committee on Armed 
     Services of the Senate shall jointly designate one member of 
     the commission to serve as vice chair of the commission.
       (3) Period of appointment; vacancies.-- Members shall be 
     appointed for the life of the commission. Any vacancy in the 
     commission shall be filled in the same manner as the original 
     appointment.
       (c) Duties.--
       (1) Review.--The commission shall review the current 
     national defense strategy of the United States, including the 
     assumptions, missions, force posture and capabilities, and 
     strategic and military risks associated with the strategy.
       (2) Assessment and recommendations.--The commission shall 
     conduct a comprehensive assessment of the strategic 
     environment, the size and shape of the force, the readiness 
     of the force, the posture and capabilities of the force, the 
     allocation of resources, and strategic and military risks to 
     provide recommendations on national defense strategy for the 
     United States.
       (d) Cooperation From Government.--
       (1) Cooperation.--In carrying out its duties, the 
     commission shall receive the full and timely cooperation of 
     the Secretary of Defense in providing the commission with 
     analysis, briefings, and other information necessary for the 
     fulfillment of its responsibilities.
       (2) Liaison.--The Secretary of Defense shall designate at 
     least one officer or employee of the Department of Defense to 
     serve as a liaison officer between the Department and the 
     commission.
       (e) Report.--
       (1) Final report.--Not later than December 1, 2017, the 
     commission shall submit to the President, the Secretary of 
     Defense, the Committee on Armed Services of the House of 
     Representatives, and the Committee on Armed Services of the 
     Senate a report on the commission's findings, conclusions, 
     and recommendations. The report shall address, but not be 
     limited to, each of the following:
       (A) The strategic environment, including security 
     challenges, and the national security interests of the United 
     States.
       (B) The military missions for which the Department of 
     Defense should prepare and the force planning construct.
       (C) The roles and missions of the Armed Forces to carry out 
     those missions and the roles and capabilities provided by 
     other United States Government agencies and by allies and 
     international partners.
       (D) The force size and shape, posture and capabilities, 
     readiness, infrastructure, organization, personnel, and other 
     elements of the defense program necessary to support the 
     strategy.
       (E) The resources necessary to support the strategy, 
     including budget recommendations.
       (F) The strategic and military risks associated with the 
     strategy, including the relationships and tradeoffs between 
     missions, risks, and resources.
       (2) Interim briefing.--Not later than June 1, 2017, the 
     commission shall provide to the Committee on Armed Services 
     of the House of Representatives, and the Committee on Armed 
     Services of the Senate a briefing on the status of its review 
     and assessment, and include a discussion of any interim 
     recommendations.
       (f) Funding.-- Of the amounts authorized to be appropriated 
     or otherwise made available pursuant to this Act to the 
     Department of Defense, $5,000,000 is available to fund the 
     activities of the commission.
       (g) Termination.--The commission shall terminate 6 months 
     after the date on which it submits the report required by 
     subsection (e).

     SEC. 904. REFORM OF DEFENSE STRATEGIC AND POLICY GUIDANCE.

       Subsection (g) of section 113 of title 10, United States 
     Code, is amended to read as follows:
       ``(g) Defense Strategic and Policy Guidance.--
       ``(1) Defense strategic guidance.--The Secretary of 
     Defense, with the advice and assistance of the Chairman of 
     the Joint Chiefs of Staff, shall provide every four years to 
     the heads of the military departments, the unified and 
     specified combatant commands, all other Defense Agencies and 
     Department of Defense Field Activities, and any other 
     elements of the Department of Defense named in paragraphs (1) 
     to (10) of section 111(b) of this title, written strategic 
     guidance expressing the national defense strategy of the 
     United States. The strategic guidance shall--
       ``(A) support the most recent national security strategy 
     report of the President under section 108 of the National 
     Security Act of 1947 (50 U.S.C. 3043);
       ``(B) be a mechanism for--
       ``(i) setting priorities for sizing and shaping the force, 
     guiding the development and sustainment of capabilities, 
     allocating resources, and adjusting the organization of the 
     Department of Defense to respond to changes in the strategic 
     environment;
       ``(ii) monitoring, assessing, and holding accountable 
     agencies within the Department of Defense for the development 
     of policies and programs that support the national defense 
     strategy;
       ``(iii) integrating and supporting other national and 
     related interagency security policies and strategies with 
     other Department of Defense guidance, plans, and activities; 
     and
       ``(iv) communicating such national defense strategy to the 
     American public, Congress, relevant United States Government 
     agencies, and allies and international partners;
       ``(C) provide a comprehensive discussion of--
       ``(i) the assumed strategic environment, including security 
     challenges, and the assumed or defined prioritized national 
     security interests and objectives of the United States;
       ``(ii) the prioritized military missions for which the 
     Department of Defense must prepare and the assumed force 
     planning scenarios and constructs;
       ``(iii) the roles and missions of the armed forces to carry 
     out those missions, and the assumed roles and capabilities 
     provided by other United States Government agencies and by 
     allies and international partners;
       ``(iv) the force size and shape, posture, capabilities, 
     readiness, infrastructure, organization, personnel, and other 
     elements of the defense program necessary to support the 
     strategy;
       ``(v) the resources necessary to support the strategy, 
     including an estimated budget plan; and
       ``(vi) the strategic and military risks associated with the 
     strategy, including the relationships and tradeoffs between 
     missions, risks, and resources; and
       ``(D) include any additional or alternative views of the 
     Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, including any military 
     assessment of risks associated with the defense strategy.
       ``(2) Policy guidance on development of forces.--In 
     implementing the guidance in paragraph (1), the Secretary of 
     Defense, with the advice and assistance of the Chairman of 
     the Joint Chiefs of Staff, shall provide annually to the 
     heads of the military departments, the unified and specified 
     combatant commands, all other Defense Agencies and Department 
     of Defense Field Activities, and any other elements of the 
     Department of Defense named in paragraphs (1) to (10) of 
     section 111(b) of this title, written policy guidance for the 
     preparation and review of the program recommendations and 
     budget proposals of their respective components to guide the 
     development of forces. Such guidance shall include--
       ``(A) the prioritized national security interests and 
     objectives;
       ``(B) the prioritized military missions of the Department 
     of Defense, including the assumed force planning scenarios 
     and constructs;
       ``(C) the force size and shape, posture, capabilities, 
     readiness, infrastructure, organization, personnel, and other 
     elements of the defense program necessary to support the 
     strategy;
       ``(D) the resource levels projected to be available for the 
     period of time for which such recommendations and proposals 
     are to be effective; and
       ``(E) a discussion of any changes in the defense strategy 
     and assumptions underpinning the strategy, as required by 
     paragraph (1).
       ``(3) Policy guidance on contingency planning.--In 
     implementing the guidance in paragraph (1), the Secretary of 
     Defense, with the approval of the President and after 
     consultation with the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, 
     shall provide, every two years or more frequently as needed, 
     to the Chairman written policy guidance for the preparation 
     and review of contingency plans, including plans for 
     providing support to civil authorities in an incident of 
     national significance or a catastrophic incident, for 
     homeland defense, and for military support to civil 
     authorities. Such guidance shall include guidance on the 
     employment of forces,

[[Page H2508]]

     including specific force levels and specific supporting 
     resource levels projected to be available for the period of 
     time for which such plans are to be effective.
       ``(4) Submission to congress.--(A) Not later than February 
     15th in any calendar year in which any of the written 
     guidance in paragraphs (1), (2), and (3) is required, the 
     Secretary of Defense shall submit to the congressional 
     defense committees a copy of such guidance developed under 
     such paragraphs.
       ``(B) In addition, not later than February 15th in any 
     calendar year in which the written guidance in paragraph (1) 
     is required, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the 
     congressional defense committees a detailed summary of any 
     classified aspects of the strategic guidance, including 
     assumptions regarding the strategic environment; military 
     missions; force planning scenarios and constructs; force 
     size, shape, posture, capabilities, and readiness; and any 
     additional or alternative views of the Chairman of the Joint 
     Chiefs of Staff.''.

     SEC. 905. REFORM OF THE NATIONAL MILITARY STRATEGY.

       Paragraph (1) of section 153(b) of title 10, United States 
     Code, is amended to read as follows:
       ``(1) National military strategy.--(A) The Chairman shall 
     determine each even-numbered year whether to prepare a new 
     National Military Strategy in accordance with this 
     subparagraph or to update a strategy previously prepared in 
     accordance with this subsection. The Chairman shall provide 
     such National Military Strategy or update to the Secretary of 
     Defense in time for transmittal to Congress pursuant to 
     paragraph (3), including in time for inclusion of the report 
     of the Secretary of Defense, if any, under paragraph (4).
       ``(B) Each National Military Strategy (or update) under 
     this paragraph shall be based on a comprehensive review 
     conducted by the Chairman in conjunction with the other 
     members of the Joint Chiefs of Staff and the commanders of 
     the unified and specified combatant commands. Each update 
     shall address only those parts of the most recent National 
     Military Strategy for which the Chairman determines, on the 
     basis of this review, that a modification is needed.
       ``(C) Each National Military Strategy (or update) submitted 
     under this paragraph shall describe how the military will 
     support the objectives of the United States as articulated 
     in--
       ``(i) the most recent National Security Strategy prescribed 
     by the President pursuant to section 108 of the National 
     Security Act of 1947 (50 U.S.C. 3043);
       ``(ii) the most recent annual report of the Secretary of 
     Defense submitted to the President and Congress pursuant to 
     section 113 of this title;
       ``(iii) the most recent defense strategic guidance provided 
     by the Secretary of Defense pursuant to section 113 of this 
     title; and
       ``(iv) any other national security or defense strategic 
     guidance issued by the President or the Secretary of Defense.
       ``(D) At a minimum, each National Military Strategy (or 
     update) submitted under this paragraph shall be a mechanism 
     for--
       ``(i) developing military ends, ways, and means to support 
     the objectives referred to in subparagraph (C);
       ``(ii) assessing strategic and military risks, and 
     developing risk mitigation options;
       ``(iii) establishing a strategic framework for the 
     development of operational and contingency plans;
       ``(iv) prioritizing joint force capabilities, capacities, 
     and resources; and
       ``(v) establishing military guidance for the development of 
     the joint force.''.

     SEC. 906. MODIFICATION TO INDEPENDENT STUDY OF NATIONAL 
                   SECURITY STRATEGY FORMULATION PROCESS.

       Section 1064(b)(2) of the National Defense Authorization 
     Act for Fiscal Year 2016 (Public Law 114-92; 129 Stat. 989) 
     is amended--
       (1) in subparagraph (D), by inserting ``, including 
     Congress,'' after ``Federal Government''; and
       (2) by adding at the end the following new subparagraph:
       ``(E) The capabilities and limitations of the Department of 
     Defense workforce responsible for conducting strategic 
     planning, including recommendations for improving the 
     workforce through training, education, and career 
     management.''.

     SEC. 907. TERM OF OFFICE FOR THE CHAIRMAN OF THE JOINT CHIEFS 
                   OF STAFF.

       (a) Amendments.--Section 152(a) of title 10, United States 
     Code, is amended--
       (1) in paragraph (1), by striking ``a term of two years'' 
     and all that follows through the end and inserting the 
     following: ``a term of four years, beginning on October 1 of 
     a year that is three years following a year evenly divisible 
     by four. The limitation of this paragraph on the length of 
     term does not apply in time of war.''; and
       (2) in paragraph (3), by striking ``exceeds six years'' and 
     all that follows through the end and inserting the following: 
     ``exceeds eight years. The limitation of this paragraph does 
     not apply in time of war.''.
       (b) Delayed Effective Date.--The amendments made by this 
     section shall take effect on October 1, 2019.

     SEC. 908. RESPONSIBILITIES OF THE CHAIRMAN OF THE JOINT 
                   CHIEFS OF STAFF RELATING TO OPERATIONS.

       Section 153(a) of title 10, United States Code, is 
     amended--
       (1) by redesignating paragraphs (4), (5), and (6) as 
     paragraphs (5), (6), and (7), respectively;
       (2) by inserting after paragraph (3) the following new 
     paragraph (4):
       ``(4) Advice on operations.--Advising--
       ``(A) the President and the Secretary of Defense on ongoing 
     military operations; and
       ``(B) the Secretary on the allocation and transfer of 
     forces among geographic and functional combatant commands, as 
     necessary, to address transregional, multi-domain, and multi-
     functional threats.''.

     SEC. 909. ASSIGNED FORCES WITHIN THE CONTINENTAL UNITED 
                   STATES.

       Section 162(a) of title 10, United States Code, is 
     amended--
       (1) in paragraph (2), by inserting after ``of this title'' 
     the following: ``, other forces within the continental United 
     States that are directed by the Secretary of Defense to be 
     assigned to a military department,''; and
       (2) in paragraph (4), by inserting after ``unified 
     combatant command'' the following: ``, other than forces 
     within the continental United States that are directed by the 
     Secretary to be assigned to a military department,''.

     SEC. 910. REDUCTION IN GENERAL OFFICER AND FLAG OFFICER 
                   GRADES AND POSITIONS.

       (a) Grade of Service or Functional Component Commander.--
     Section 164(e) of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
     adding after paragraph (4) the following new paragraph:
       ``(5) The grade of an officer serving as a commander of a 
     service or functional component command under a commander of 
     a combatant command shall be no higher than lieutenant 
     general or vice admiral.''.
       (b) Definitions.--Section 164 of such title is further 
     amended by adding at the end the following new subsection:
       ``(h) Definitions.--For purposes of this section--
       ``(1) a service component command is subordinate to the 
     commander of a unified command and consists of the service 
     component commander and the service forces (such as 
     individuals, units, detachments, and organizations, including 
     the support forces), as assigned by the Secretary of Defense, 
     that have been assigned to that combatant commander; and
       ``(2) a functional component command is a command normally, 
     but not necessarily, composed of forces of two or more 
     military departments which may be established across the 
     range of military operations to perform particular 
     operational missions that may be of short duration or may 
     extend over a period of time.''.
       (c) Reduction in Positions.--
       (1) Reduction.--The Secretary of Defense shall reduce the 
     total number of officers in the grade of general or admiral 
     on active duty by five positions.
       (2) Report.--The Secretary of Defense shall submit to the 
     congressional defense committees a report on how the 
     Department of Defense plans to implement the reductions 
     required by paragraph (1), including how to balance and 
     reduce the total number of general officers and flag officers 
     in accordance with sections 525 and 526 of title 10, United 
     States Code.
       (d) Treatment of Current Commanders.--An officer serving on 
     the date of the enactment of this Act as a commander of a 
     service or functional component command under a commander of 
     a combatant command shall serve in that position until the 
     appointment of another officer in accordance with the 
     amendment made by subsection (a).

     SEC. 911. ESTABLISHMENT OF UNIFIED COMBATANT COMMAND FOR 
                   CYBER OPERATIONS.

       (a) Establishment of Cyber Command.--Chapter 6 of title 10, 
     United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the 
     following new section:

     ``Sec. 169. Unified combatant command for cyber operations

       ``(a) Establishment.--With the advice and assistance of the 
     Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, the President, through 
     the Secretary of Defense, shall establish under section 161 
     of this title a unified combatant command for cyber 
     operations forces (hereinafter in this section referred to as 
     the `cyber command'). The principal function of the command 
     is to prepare cyber operations forces to carry out assigned 
     missions.
       ``(b) Assignment of Forces.--Unless otherwise directed by 
     the Secretary of Defense, all active and reserve cyber 
     operations forces of the armed forces stationed in the United 
     States shall be assigned to the cyber command.
       ``(c) Grade of Commander.--The commander of the cyber 
     operations command shall hold the grade of general or, in the 
     case of an officer of the Navy, admiral while serving in that 
     position, without vacating his permanent grade. The commander 
     of such command shall be appointed to that grade by the 
     President, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate, 
     for service in that position.
       ``(d) Command of Activity or Mission.--(1) Unless otherwise 
     directed by the President or the Secretary of Defense, a 
     cyber operations activity or mission shall be conducted in 
     coordination with the command of the commander of the unified 
     combatant command in whose geographic area the activity or 
     mission is to be conducted.
       ``(2) The commander of the cyber command shall exercise 
     command of a selected cyber operations mission if directed to 
     do so by the President or the Secretary of Defense.
       ``(e) Authority of Combatant Commander.--(1) In addition to 
     the authority prescribed in section 164(c) of this title, the 
     commander of the cyber command shall be responsible for, and 
     shall have the authority to conduct, all affairs of such 
     command relating to cyber operations activities.
       ``(2) The commander of such command shall be responsible 
     for, and shall have the authority to conduct, the following 
     functions relating to cyber operations activities (whether or 
     not relating to the cyber command):
       ``(A) Developing strategy, doctrine, and tactics.
       ``(B) Preparing and submitting to the Secretary of Defense 
     program recommendations and

[[Page H2509]]

     budget proposals for cyber operations forces and for other 
     forces assigned to the cyber command.
       ``(C) Exercising authority, direction, and control over the 
     expenditure of funds--
       ``(i) for forces assigned directly to the cyber command; 
     and
       ``(ii) for cyber operations forces assigned to unified 
     combatant commands other than the cyber command, with respect 
     to all matters covered by section 807 of the National Defense 
     Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2014 (Public Law 114-92; 
     129 Stat. 886; 10 U.S.C. 2224 note) and, with respect to a 
     matter not covered by such section, to the extent directed by 
     the Secretary of Defense.
       ``(D) Training assigned forces.
       ``(E) Conducting specialized courses of instruction for 
     commissioned and noncommissioned officers.
       ``(F) Validating requirements.
       ``(G) Establishing priorities for requirements.
       ``(H) Ensuring the interoperability of equipment and 
     forces.
       ``(I) Formulating and submitting requirements for 
     intelligence support.
       ``(J) Monitoring the promotions, assignments, retention, 
     training, and professional military education of cyber 
     operations forces officers.
       ``(3) The commander of the cyber command shall be 
     responsible for--
       ``(A) ensuring the combat readiness of forces assigned to 
     the cyber command; and
       ``(B) monitoring the preparedness to carry out assigned 
     missions of cyber forces assigned to unified combatant 
     commands other than the cyber command.
       ``(C) The staff of the commander shall include an inspector 
     general who shall conduct internal audits and inspections of 
     purchasing and contracting actions through the cyber 
     operations command and such other inspector general functions 
     as may be assigned.
       ``(f) Intelligence and Special Activities.--This section 
     does not constitute authority to conduct any activity which, 
     if carried out as an intelligence activity by the Department 
     of Defense, would require a notice to the Select Committee on 
     Intelligence of the Senate and the Permanent Select Committee 
     on Intelligence of the House of Representatives under title V 
     of the National Security Act of 1947 (50 U.S.C. 3091 et 
     seq.).''.
       (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the 
     beginning of such chapter is amended by adding at the end the 
     following new item:

``169. Unified combatant command for cyber operations.''.

     SEC. 912. REVISION OF REQUIREMENTS RELATING TO LENGTH OF 
                   JOINT DUTY ASSIGNMENTS.

       (a) Minimum Length of Assignment.--Section 664(a) of title 
     10, United States Code, is amended by striking ``assignment--
     '' and paragraphs (1) and (2) and inserting `` assignment 
     shall not be less than two years.''.
       (b) Repeal of Requirements Relating to Initial Assignment 
     of Certain Officers and Average Tour Lengths.--Section 664 of 
     title 10, United States Code, is amended by striking 
     subsections (c) and (e).
       (c) Exclusions From Tour Length.--Section 664(d) of title 
     10, United States Code, is amended--
       (1) in paragraph (1), by striking in subparagraph (D) and 
     inserting the following new subparagraph:
       ``(D) a qualifying reassignment from a joint duty 
     assignment as prescribed by the Secretary of Defense by 
     regulation.'';
       (2) by striking paragraph (2); and
       (3) by redesignating paragraph (3) as paragraph (2).
       (d) Full Tour of Duty.--Section 664(f) of title 10, United 
     States Code, is amended--
       (1) in paragraph (1), by striking ``prescribed in'' and 
     inserting ``prescribed under'';
       (2) by striking paragraphs (2) and (4);
       (3) by redesignating paragraphs (3) and (5) as paragraphs 
     (2) and (3), respectively; and
       (4) by redesignating paragraph (6) as paragraph (4), and in 
     that paragraph, by striking ``, but not less than two 
     years''.
       (e) Constructive Credit.--Section 664(h) of title 10, 
     United States Code, is amended--
       (1) by striking ``(1) The Secretary of Defense may accord'' 
     and inserting ``The Secretary of Defense may award''; and
       (2) by striking paragraph (2).
       (f) Clerical and Conforming Amendments.--Section 664 of 
     title 10, United States Code, is further amended--
       (1) by redesignating subsections (d), (f), (g), and (h) as 
     subsections (c), (d), (e), and (f), respectively;
       (2) in subsection (c), as redesignated, by striking 
     ``subsection (f)(3)'' and inserting ``subsection (d)(2)'';
       (3) in subsection (d), as redesignated, by striking 
     ``subsection (g)'' and inserting ``subsection (e)'';
       (4) in subsection (e), as redesignated, by striking `` 
     subsection (f)(3)'' and inserting `` subsection (d)(2)''; and
       (5) in subsection (f), as redesignated, by striking 
     ``paragraphs (1), (2), and (4) of subsection (f)'' and 
     inserting ``subsection (d)(1)''.

     SEC. 913. REVISION OF DEFINITIONS USED FOR JOINT OFFICER 
                   MANAGEMENT.

       (a) Definition of Joint Matters.--Paragraph (1) of section 
     668(a) of title 10, United States Code, is amended to read as 
     follows:
       ``(1) In this chapter, the term `joint matters' means 
     matters related to any of the following:
       ``(A) The development or achievement of strategic 
     objectives through the synchronization, coordination, and 
     organization of integrated forces in operations conducted 
     across domains, such as land, sea, or air, in space, or in 
     the information environment, including matters relating to 
     any of the following:
       ``(i) National military strategy.
       ``(ii) Strategic planning and contingency planning.
       ``(iii) Command and control, intelligence, fires, movement 
     and maneuver, protection or sustainment of operations under 
     unified command.
       ``(iv) National security planning with other departments 
     and agencies of the United States.
       ``(v) Combined operations with military forces of allied 
     nations.
       ``(B) Acquisition matters conducted by members of the armed 
     forces and covered under chapter 87 of this title involved in 
     developing, testing, contracting, producing, or fielding of 
     multi-service programs or systems.
       ``(C) Other matters designated in regulation by the 
     Secretary of Defense in consultation with the Chairman of the 
     Joint Chiefs of Staff.''.
       (b) Definition of Integrated Forces.--Section 668(a)(2) of 
     title 10, United States Code, is amended in the matter 
     preceding subparagraph (A)--
       (1) by striking ``integrated military forces'' and 
     inserting ``integrated forces''; and
       (2) by striking ``the planning or execution (or both) of 
     operations involving'' and inserting ``achieving unified 
     action with''.
       (c) Definition of Joint Duty Assignment.--Section 668(b)(1) 
     of title 10, United States Code, is amended by striking 
     subparagraph (A) and inserting the following new 
     subparagraph:
       ``(A) shall be limited to assignments in which--
       ``(i) the preponderance of the duties of the officer 
     involve joint matters and
       ``(ii) the officer gains significant experience in joint 
     matters; and''.
       (d) Repeal of Definition of Critical Occupational 
     Speciality.--Section 668 of title 10, United States Code, is 
     amended by striking subsection (d).

     SEC. 914. INDEPENDENT ASSESSMENT OF COMBATANT COMMAND 
                   STRUCTURE.

       (a) Assessment Required.--Not later than 30 days after the 
     date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense 
     shall enter into a contract with an independent entity with 
     appropriate expertise to conduct an assessment on combatant 
     command structure, and to provide recommendations for 
     improving the overall effectiveness of combatant command 
     structures.
       (b) Elements.--The assessment shall include an examination 
     of the following:
       (1) The evolution of combatant command requirements and 
     resources over the last 15 years of conflict.
       (2) The organization, composition, and size of combatant 
     commands.
       (3) The resources of combatant commands, including the 
     degree to which combatant commands are adequately resourced 
     and the degree to which combatant command requirements for 
     forces are met.
       (4) The benefits, drawbacks, and resource implications of 
     eliminating, consolidating, or altering the structure of 
     combatant commands.
       (5) A comparison of combatant command structures with 
     alternative structures, including Joint Task Force or task-
     organized forces below the combatant command level.
       (c) Report.--Not later than March 1, 2017, the Secretary of 
     Defense shall submit to the congressional defense committees 
     a report on the findings and recommendations of the 
     independent entity.

                       Subtitle B--Other Matters

     SEC. 921. MODIFICATIONS TO CORROSION REPORT.

       (a) Modifications to Report to Congress.--Section 
     2228(e)(1) of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
       (1) in the matter preceding subparagraph (A), by inserting 
     after ``2009'' the following: ``and ending with the budget 
     submitted on or before January 31, 2021'';
       (2) by amending subparagraph (B) to read as follows:
       ``(B) The estimated composite return on investment achieved 
     by implementing the strategy, and documented in the 
     assessments by the Department of Defense of completed 
     corrosion projects and activities.'';
       (3) by amending subparagraph (D) to read as follows:
       ``(D) If the full amount of funding requirements is not 
     requested in the budget, the reasons for not including the 
     full amount and a description of the impact on readiness, 
     logistics, and safety of not fully funding required corrosion 
     prevention and mitigation activities''; and
       (4) in subparagraph (F), by striking ``pilot''.
       (b) Report to Director of Corrosion Policy and Oversight.--
     Section 2228(e)(2) of such title is amended--
       (1) by inserting ``(A)'' before ``Each report'';
       (2) by striking ``a copy of'' and all that follows through 
     the period and inserting ``a summary of the most recent 
     report required by subparagraph (B)''; and
       (3) by adding at the end the following new subparagraph:
       ``(B) Not later than December 31 of each year, through 
     December 31, 2020, the corrosion control and prevention 
     executive of a military department shall submit to the 
     Director of Corrosion Policy and Oversight a report 
     containing recommendations pertaining to the corrosion 
     control and prevention program of the military department. 
     Such report shall include recommendations for the funding 
     levels necessary for the executive to carry out the duties of 
     the executive under this section. The report required under 
     this subparagraph shall--
       ``(i) provide a summary of key accomplishments, goals, and 
     objectives of the corrosion control and prevention program of 
     the military department; and
       ``(ii) include the performance measures used to ensure that 
     the corrosion control and prevention program achieved the 
     goals and objectives described in clause (i).''.
       (c) Conforming Repeal.--Section 903(b) of Public Law 110-
     417 (10 U.S.C. 2228 note) is amended by striking paragraph 
     (5).

[[Page H2510]]

  


     SEC. 922. AUTHORITY TO EMPLOY CIVILIAN FACULTY MEMBERS AT 
                   JOINT SPECIAL OPERATIONS UNIVERSITY.

        Section 1595(c) of title 10, United States Code, is 
     amended by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
       ``(5) The Joint Special Operations University.''.

     SEC. 923. GUIDELINES FOR CONVERSION OF FUNCTIONS PERFORMED BY 
                   CIVILIAN OR CONTRACTOR PERSONNEL TO PERFORMANCE 
                   BY MILITARY PERSONNEL.

       Section 129a of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
     adding at the end the following new subsection:
       ``(g) Guidelines for Performance of Certain Functions by 
     Military Personnel.--(1) Except as provided in paragraph (2), 
     no functions performed by civilian personnel or contractors 
     may be converted to performance by military personnel 
     unless--
       ``(A) there is a direct link between the functions to be 
     performed and a military occupational specialty; and
       ``(B) the conversion to performance by military personnel 
     is cost effective, based on Department of Defense instruction 
     7041.04 (or any successor administrative regulation, 
     directive, or policy).
       ``(2) Paragraph (1) shall not apply to the following 
     functions:
       ``(A) Functions required by law or regulation to be 
     performed by military personnel.
       ``(B) Functions related to--
       ``(i) missions involving operation risks and combatant 
     status under the Law of War;
       ``(ii) specialized collective and individual training 
     requiring military-unique knowledge and skills based on 
     recent operational experience;
       ``(iii) independent advice to senior civilian leadership in 
     the Department of Defense requiring military-unique knowledge 
     and skills based on recent operational experience; and
       ``(iv) command and control arrangements under chapter 47 of 
     this title (the Uniform Code of Military Justice).''.

     SEC. 924. PUBLIC RELEASE BY INSPECTORS GENERAL OF REPORTS OF 
                   MISCONDUCT.

       (a) Release of Inspector General of the Department of 
     Defense Administrative Misconduct Reports.--Section 141 of 
     title 10, United States Code, is amended by adding at the end 
     the following new subsection:
       ``(c) Within 60 days after issuing a final report, the 
     Inspector General of the Department of Defense shall publicly 
     release any reports of administrative investigations that 
     confirm misconduct, including violations of Federal law and 
     violations of policies of the Department of Defense, of 
     members of the Senior Executive Service, individuals who are 
     employed in positions of a confidential or policy-determining 
     character under schedule C of subpart C of part 213 of title 
     5 of the Code of Federal Regulations, or commissioned 
     officers in the Armed Forces in pay grades O-6 promotable and 
     above. In releasing the reports, the Inspector General shall 
     ensure that information that would be protected under section 
     552 of title 5 (commonly known as the `Freedom of Information 
     Act'), section 552a of title 5 (commonly known as the 
     `Privacy Act of 1974'), or section 6103 of the Internal 
     Revenue Code of 1986 is not disclosed.''.
       (b) Release of Inspector General of the Army Administrative 
     Misconduct Reports.--Section 3020 of such title is amended by 
     adding at the end the following new subsection:
       ``(f) Within 60 days after issuing a final report, the 
     Inspector General of the Army shall publicly release any 
     reports of administrative investigations that confirm 
     misconduct, including violations of Federal law and 
     violations of policies of the Department of Defense, of 
     members of the Senior Executive Service, individuals who are 
     employed in positions of a confidential or policy-determining 
     character under schedule C of subpart C of part 213 of title 
     5 of the Code of Federal Regulations, or commissioned 
     officers in the Armed Forces in pay grades O-6 promotable and 
     above. In releasing the reports, the Inspector General shall 
     ensure that information that would be protected under section 
     552 of title 5 (commonly known as the `Freedom of Information 
     Act'), section 552a of title 5 (commonly known as the 
     `Privacy Act of 1974'), or section 6103 of the Internal 
     Revenue Code of 1986 is not disclosed.''.
       (c) Release of Naval Inspector General Administrative 
     Misconduct Reports.--Section 5020 of such title is amended by 
     adding at the end the following new subsection:
       ``(e) Within 60 days after issuing a final report, the 
     Naval Inspector General shall publicly release any reports of 
     administrative investigations that confirm misconduct, 
     including violations of Federal law and violations of 
     policies of the Department of Defense, of members of the 
     Senior Executive Service, individuals who are employed in 
     positions of a confidential or policy-determining character 
     under schedule C of subpart C of part 213 of title 5 of the 
     Code of Federal Regulations, or commissioned officers in the 
     Armed Forces in pay grades O-6 promotable and above. In 
     releasing the reports, the Naval Inspector General shall 
     ensure that information that would be protected under section 
     552 of title 5 (commonly known as the `Freedom of Information 
     Act'), section 552a of title 5 (commonly known as the 
     `Privacy Act of 1974'), or section 6103 of the Internal 
     Revenue Code of 1986 is not disclosed.''.
       (d) Release of Inspector General of the Air Force 
     Administrative Misconduct Reports.--Section 8020 of such 
     title is amended by adding at the end the following new 
     subsection:
       ``(f) Within 60 days after issuing a final report, the 
     Inspector General of the Air Force shall publicly release any 
     reports of administrative investigations that confirm 
     misconduct, including violations of Federal law and 
     violations of policies of the Department of Defense, of 
     members of the Senior Executive Service, individuals who are 
     employed in positions of a confidential or policy-determining 
     character under schedule C of subpart C of part 213 of title 
     5 of the Code of Federal Regulations, or commissioned 
     officers in the Armed Forces in pay grades O-6 promotable and 
     above. In releasing the reports, the Inspector General shall 
     ensure that information that would be protected under section 
     552 of title 5 (commonly known as the `Freedom of Information 
     Act'), section 552a of title 5 (commonly known as the 
     `Privacy Act of 1974'), or section 6103 of the Internal 
     Revenue Code of 1986 is not disclosed.''.

     SEC. 925. MODIFICATIONS TO REQUIREMENTS FOR ACCOUNTING FOR 
                   MEMBERS OF THE ARMED FORCES AND DEPARTMENT OF 
                   DEFENSE CIVILIAN EMPLOYEES LISTED AS MISSING.

       (a) Limitation of Defense POW/MIA Accounting Agency to 
     Missing Persons From Past Conflicts.--Section 1501(a) of 
     title 10, United States Code, is amended--
       (1) in paragraph (1)(A), by inserting ``from past 
     conflicts'' after ``matters relating to missing persons'';
       (2) in paragraph (2)--
       (A) by striking subparagraph (A);
       (B) by redesignating subparagraphs (B), (C), (D), (E), and 
     (F) as subparagraphs (A), (B), (C), (D), and (E), 
     respectively; and
       (C) by inserting ``from past conflicts'' after ``missing 
     persons'' each place it appears;
       (3) in paragraph (4)--
       (A) by striking ``for personal recovery (including search, 
     rescue, escape, and evasion) and''; and
       (B) by inserting ``from past conflicts'' after ``missing 
     persons''; and
       (4) by striking paragraph (5).
       (b) Action Upon Discovery or Receipt of Information.--
     Section 1505(c) of such title is amended by striking 
     ``designated Agency Director'' in paragraphs (1), (2), and 
     (3) and inserting ``Secretary of Defense''.
       (c) Definition of ``Accounted for''.--Section 1513(3)(B) of 
     such title is amended by inserting ``to the extent 
     practicable'' after ``are recovered''.

          Subtitle C--Department of the Navy and Marine Corps

     SEC. 931. REDESIGNATION OF THE DEPARTMENT OF THE NAVY AS THE 
                   DEPARTMENT OF THE NAVY AND MARINE CORPS.

       (a) Redesignation of Military Department.--The military 
     department designated as the Department of the Navy is 
     redesignated as the Department of the Navy and Marine Corps.
       (b) Redesignation of Secretary and Other Statutory 
     Offices.--
       (1) Secretary.--The position of the Secretary of the Navy 
     is redesignated as the Secretary of the Navy and Marine 
     Corps.
       (2) Other statutory offices.--The positions of the Under 
     Secretary of the Navy, the four Assistant Secretaries of the 
     Navy, and the General Counsel of the Department of the Navy 
     are redesignated as the Under Secretary of the Navy and 
     Marine Corps, the Assistant Secretaries of the Navy and 
     Marine Corps, and the General Counsel of the Department of 
     the Navy and Marine Corps, respectively.

     SEC. 932. CONFORMING AMENDMENTS TO TITLE 10, UNITED STATES 
                   CODE.

       (a) Definition of ``Military Department''.--Paragraph (8) 
     of section 101(a) of title 10, United States Code, is amended 
     to read as follows:
       ``(8) The term `military department' means the Department 
     of the Army, the Department of the Navy and Marine Corps, and 
     the Department of the Air Force.''.
       (b) Organization of Department.--The text of section 5011 
     of such title is amended to read as follows: ``The Department 
     of the Navy and Marine Corps is separately organized under 
     the Secretary of the Navy and Marine Corps.''.
       (c) Position of Secretary.--Section 5013(a)(1) of such 
     title is amended by striking ``There is a Secretary of the 
     Navy'' and inserting ``There is a Secretary of the Navy and 
     Marine Corps''.
       (d) Chapter Headings.--
       (1) The heading of chapter 503 of such title is amended to 
     read as follows:

       ``CHAPTER 503--DEPARTMENT OF THE NAVY AND MARINE CORPS''.

       (2) The heading of chapter 507 of such title is amended to 
     read as follows:

  ``CHAPTER 507--COMPOSITION OF THE DEPARTMENT OF THE NAVY AND MARINE 
                                CORPS''.

       (e) Other Amendments.--
       (1) Title 10, United States Code, is amended by striking 
     ``Department of the Navy'' and ``Secretary of the Navy'' each 
     place they appear other than as specified in subsections (a), 
     (b), (c), and (d) (including in section headings, subsection 
     captions, tables of chapters, and tables of sections) and 
     inserting ``Department of the Navy and Marine Corps'' and 
     ``Secretary of the Navy and Marine Corps'', respectively, in 
     each case with the matter inserted to be in the same typeface 
     and typestyle as the matter stricken.
       (2)(A) Sections 5013(f), 5014(b)(2), 5016(a), 5017(2), 
     5032(a), and 5042(a) of such title are amended by striking 
     ``Assistant Secretaries of the Navy'' and inserting 
     ``Assistant Secretaries of the Navy and Marine Corps''.
       (B) The heading of section 5016 of such title, and the item 
     relating to such section in the table of sections at the 
     beginning of chapter 503 of such title, are each amended by 
     inserting ``and Marine Corps'' after ``of the Navy'', with 
     the matter inserted in each case to be in the same typeface 
     and typestyle as the matter amended.

     SEC. 933. OTHER PROVISIONS OF LAW AND OTHER REFERENCES.

       (a) Title 37, United States Code.--Title 37, United States 
     Code, is amended by striking ``Department of the Navy'' and 
     ``Secretary of the

[[Page H2511]]

     Navy'' each place they appear and inserting ``Department of 
     the Navy and Marine Corps'' and ``Secretary of the Navy and 
     Marine Corps'', respectively.
       (b) Other References.--Any reference in any law other than 
     in title 10 or title 37, United States Code, or in any 
     regulation, document, record, or other paper of the United 
     States, to the Department of the Navy shall be considered to 
     be a reference to the Department of the Navy and Marine 
     Corps. Any such reference to an office specified in section 
     2(b) shall be considered to be a reference to that officer as 
     redesignated by that section.

     SEC. 934. EFFECTIVE DATE.

       This subtitle and the amendments made by this subtitle 
     shall take effect on the first day of the first month 
     beginning more than 60 days after the date of the enactment 
     of this Act.

                      TITLE X--GENERAL PROVISIONS

                     Subtitle A--Financial Matters

     SEC. 1001. GENERAL TRANSFER AUTHORITY.

       (a) Authority to Transfer Authorizations.--
       (1) Authority.--Upon determination by the Secretary of 
     Defense that such action is necessary in the national 
     interest, the Secretary may transfer amounts of 
     authorizations made available to the Department of Defense in 
     this division for fiscal year 2017 between any such 
     authorizations for that fiscal year (or any subdivisions 
     thereof). Amounts of authorizations so transferred shall be 
     merged with and be available for the same purposes as the 
     authorization to which transferred.
       (2) Limitation.--Except as provided in paragraph (3), the 
     total amount of authorizations that the Secretary may 
     transfer under the authority of this section may not exceed 
     $5,000,000,000.
       (3) Exception for transfers between military personnel 
     authorizations.--A transfer of funds between military 
     personnel authorizations under title IV shall not be counted 
     toward the dollar limitation in paragraph (2).
       (b) Limitations.--The authority provided by subsection (a) 
     to transfer authorizations--
       (1) may only be used to provide authority for items that 
     have a higher priority than the items from which authority is 
     transferred; and
       (2) may not be used to provide authority for an item that 
     has been denied authorization by Congress.
       (c) Effect on Authorization Amounts.--A transfer made from 
     one account to another under the authority of this section 
     shall be deemed to increase the amount authorized for the 
     account to which the amount is transferred by an amount equal 
     to the amount transferred.
       (d) Notice to Congress.--The Secretary shall promptly 
     notify Congress of each transfer made under subsection (a).

     SEC. 1002. REQUIREMENT TO TRANSFER FUNDS FROM DEPARTMENT OF 
                   DEFENSE ACQUISITION WORKFORCE DEVELOPMENT FUND 
                   TO THE TREASURY.

       (a) Transfer Required.--During fiscal year 2017, the 
     Secretary of Defense shall transfer, from amounts available 
     in the Department of Defense Acquisition Workforce 
     Development Fund from amounts credited to the Fund pursuant 
     to section 1705(d)(2) of title 10, United States Code, 
     $475,000,000 to the Secretary of the Treasury for deposit in 
     the general fund of the Treasury.
       (b) Additional Authority.--The transfer authority provided 
     by this section is in addition to any other transfer 
     authority contained in this Act.

                  Subtitle B--Counter-Drug Activities

     SEC. 1011. EXTENSION OF AUTHORITY TO PROVIDE ADDITIONAL 
                   SUPPORT FOR COUNTER-DRUG ACTIVITIES OF FOREIGN 
                   GOVERNMENTS.

       Section 1033(a)(2) of the National Defense Authorization 
     Act for Fiscal Year 1998 (Public Law 105-85; 111 Stat. 1881), 
     as most recently amended by section 1012 of the National 
     Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2016 (Public Law 
     114-92; 129 Stat. 963), is further amended by striking 
     ``September 30, 2017'' and inserting ``September 30, 2019''.

     SEC. 1012. SECRETARY OF DEFENSE REVIEW OF CURRICULA AND 
                   PROGRAM STRUCTURES OF NATIONAL GUARD 
                   COUNTERDRUG SCHOOLS.

       (a) In General.--Section 901 of the Office of National Drug 
     Control Policy Reauthorization Act of 2006 (Public Law 109-
     469; 32 U.S.C. 112 note) is amended--
       (1) by redesignating subsections (e) through (g) as 
     subsections (f) through (h), respectively; and
       (2) by inserting after subsection (d) the following new 
     subsection (e):
       ``(e) Curriculum Review.--The Secretary of Defense may 
     review and approve the curriculum and program structure of 
     each school established under this section.''.
       (b) Technical Amendment.--Subsection (d)(1) of such section 
     is amended by striking ``section 112(b) of that title 32'' 
     and inserting ``section 112(b) of title 32''.

     SEC. 1013. EXTENSION OF AUTHORITY TO SUPPORT UNIFIED 
                   COUNTERDRUG AND COUNTERTERRORISM CAMPAIGN IN 
                   COLOMBIA.

       Section 1021 of the Ronald W. Reagan National Defense 
     Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2005 (Public Law 108-375; 
     118 Stat. 2042), as most recently amended by section 1011(a) 
     of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 
     2016 (Public Law 114-92; 129 Stat. 962 ), is further 
     amended--
       (1) in subsection (a), by striking ``2017'' and inserting 
     ``2018''; and
       (2) in subsection (c), by striking ``2017'' and inserting 
     ``2018''.

                Subtitle C--Naval Vessels and Shipyards

     SEC. 1021. DEFINITION OF SHORT-TERM WORK WITH RESPECT TO 
                   OVERHAUL, REPAIR, OR MAINTENANCE OF NAVAL 
                   VESSELS.

       Section 7299a(c)(4) of title 10, United States Code, is 
     amended by striking ``six months'' and inserting ``10 
     months''.

     SEC. 1022. WARRANTY REQUIREMENTS FOR SHIPBUILDING CONTRACTS.

       (a) In General.--Chapter 633 of title 10, United States 
     Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new 
     section:

     ``Sec. 7318. Warranty requirements for shipbuilding contracts

       ``(a) Requirement.--A contracting officer for a contract 
     for which funds are expended from the Shipbuilding and 
     Conversion, Navy account shall require, as a condition of the 
     contract, that the work performed under the contract is 
     covered by a warranty for a period of at least one year.
       ``(b) Waiver.--If the contracting officer for a contract 
     covered by the requirement under subsection (a) determines 
     that a limited liability of warranted work is in the best 
     interest of the Government, the contracting officer may agree 
     to limit the liability of the work performed under the 
     contract to a level that the contracting officer determines 
     is sufficient to protect the interests of the Government and 
     in keeping with historical levels of warranted work on 
     similar vessels.''.
       (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the 
     beginning of such chapter is amended by adding at the end the 
     following new item:

``7318. Warranty requirements for shipbuilding contracts.''.

     SEC. 1023. NATIONAL SEA-BASED DETERRENCE FUND.

       (a) Transfer Authority.--Section 1022(b)(1) of the National 
     Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2015 (Public Law 
     113-291; 128 Stat. 3487), as amended by section 1022(b) of 
     the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2016 
     (Public Law 114-92), is further amended by striking ``or 
     2017'' and inserting ``2017, or 2018''.
       (b) Authority for Multiyear Procurement of Critical 
     Components to Support Continuous Production.--Section 2218a 
     of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
       (1) by redesignating subsections (i) and (j) as subsections 
     (j) and (k), respectively; and
       (2) by inserting after subsection (h) the following new 
     subsection (i):
       ``(i) Authority for Multiyear Procurement of Critical 
     Components to Support Continuous Production.--(1) To 
     implement the continuous production of critical components, 
     the Secretary of the Navy may use funds deposited in the 
     Fund, in conjunction with funds appropriated for the 
     procurement of other nuclear-powered vessels, to enter into 
     one or more multiyear contracts (including economic ordering 
     quantity contracts), for the procurement of critical 
     contractor-furnished and Government-furnished components for 
     national sea-based deterrence vessels. The authority under 
     this subsection extends to the procurement of equivalent 
     critical parts, components, systems, and subsystems common 
     with and required for other nuclear-powered vessels.
       ``(2) Any contract entered into pursuant to paragraph (1) 
     shall provide that any obligation of the United States to 
     make a payment under the contract is subject to the 
     availability of appropriations for that purpose and that the 
     total liability to the Government for the termination of the 
     contract shall be limited to the total amount of funding 
     obligated for the contract as of the date of the 
     termination.''.
       (c) Definition of National Sea-based Deterrence Vessel.--
     Subsection (k)(2) of such section, as redesignated by 
     subsection (b), is amended--
       (1) by striking ``any vessel'' and inserting ``any 
     submersible vessel constructed or purchased after fiscal year 
     2016 that is''; and
       (2) by inserting ``and'' before ``that carries''.

     SEC. 1024. AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS FOR RETIREMENT OR 
                   INACTIVATION OF TICONDEROGA-CLASS CRUISERS OR 
                   DOCK LANDING SHIPS.

       (a) Limitation on Retirement or Inactivation.--None of the 
     funds authorized to be appropriated by this Act or otherwise 
     made available for the Department of Defense for fiscal year 
     2017 may be obligated or expended--
       (1) to retire, prepare to retire, or inactivate a cruiser 
     or dock landing ship; or
       (2) to place in a modernization status more than six 
     cruisers and one dock landing ship identified in section 
     1026(a)(2) of the Carl Levin and Howard P. ``Buck'' McKeon 
     National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2015 
     (Public Law 113-291; 128 Stat. 3490).
       (b) Hull, Mechanical, and Electrical Modernization.--Not 
     more than 75 percent of the funds made available for the 
     Office of the Secretary of Defense for fiscal year 2017 may 
     be obligated until the Secretary of the Navy--
       (1) enters into a contract for the modernization industrial 
     period associated with four cruisers and one dock landing 
     ship referred to in section 1026(a)(2) of the Carl Levin and 
     Howard P. ``Buck'' McKeon National Defense Authorization Act 
     for Fiscal Year 2015 (Public Law 113-291; 128 Stat. 3490); 
     and
       (2) enters into a contract for the procurement of combat 
     systems upgrades associated with six such cruisers and one 
     such dock landing ship.

     SEC. 1025. RESTRICTIONS ON THE OVERHAUL AND REPAIR OF VESSELS 
                   IN FOREIGN SHIPYARDS.

       (a) In General.--Section 7310(b)(1) of title 10, United 
     States Code, is amended--
       (1) by striking ``In the case'' and inserting ``(A) Except 
     as provided in subparagraph (B), in the case'';
       (2) by striking ``during the 15-month'' and all that 
     follows through ``United States)'';
       (3) by inserting before the period at the end the 
     following: ``, other than in the case of voyage repairs''; 
     and

[[Page H2512]]

       (4) by adding at the end the following new subparagraph:
       ``(B) The Secretary of the Navy may waive the application 
     of subparagraph (A) to a contract award if the Secretary 
     determines that the waiver is essential to the national 
     security interests of the United States.''.
       (b) Effective Date.--The amendments made by subsection (a) 
     shall take effect on the later of the following dates:
       (1) The date of the enactment of the National Defense 
     Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2018.
       (2) October 1, 2017.

                      Subtitle D--Counterterrorism

     SEC. 1031. FREQUENCY OF COUNTERTERRORISM OPERATIONS 
                   BRIEFINGS.

       (a) In General.--Subsection (a) of section 485 of title 10, 
     United States Code is amended by striking ``quarterly'' and 
     inserting ``monthly''.
       (b) Section Heading.--The section heading for such section 
     is amended by striking ``Quarterly'' and inserting 
     ``Monthly''.
       (c) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the 
     beginning of chapter 23 of such title is amended by striking 
     the item relating to section 485 and inserting the following 
     new item:

``485. Monthly counterterrorism operations briefings.''.

     SEC. 1032. PROHIBITION ON USE OF FUNDS FOR TRANSFER OR 
                   RELEASE OF INDIVIDUALS DETAINED AT UNITED 
                   STATES NAVAL STATION, GUANTANAMO BAY, CUBA TO 
                   THE UNITED STATES.

       No amounts authorized to be appropriated or otherwise made 
     available for the Department of Defense may be used during 
     the period beginning on the date of the enactment of this Act 
     and ending on December 31, 2017, to transfer, release, or 
     assist in the transfer or release to or within the United 
     States, its territories, or possessions of Khalid Sheikh 
     Mohammed or any other detainee who--
       (1) is not a United States citizen or a member of the Armed 
     Forces of the United States; and
       (2) is or was held on or after January 20, 2009, at United 
     States Naval Station, Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, by the Department 
     of Defense.

     SEC. 1033. PROHIBITION ON USE OF FUNDS TO CONSTRUCT OR MODIFY 
                   FACILITIES IN THE UNITED STATES TO HOUSE 
                   DETAINEES TRANSFERRED FROM UNITED STATES NAVAL 
                   STATION, GUANTANAMO BAY, CUBA.

       (a) In General.--No amounts authorized to be appropriated 
     or otherwise made available to the Department of Defense may 
     be used during the period beginning on the date of the 
     enactment of this Act and ending on December 31, 2017, to 
     construct or modify any facility in the United States, its 
     territories, or possessions to house any individual detained 
     at Guantanamo for the purposes of detention or imprisonment 
     in the custody or under the control of the Department of 
     Defense unless authorized by Congress.
       (b) Exception.--The prohibition in subsection (a) shall not 
     apply to any modification of facilities at United States 
     Naval Station, Guantanamo Bay, Cuba.
       (c) Individual Detained at Guantanamo Defined.--In this 
     section, the term ``individual detained at Guantanamo'' has 
     the meaning given that term in section 1034(f)(2) of the 
     National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2016 
     (Public Law 114-92; 129 Stat. 971; 10 U.S. C. 801 note).

     SEC. 1034. PROHIBITION ON USE OF FUNDS FOR TRANSFER OR 
                   RELEASE TO CERTAIN COUNTRIES OF INDIVIDUALS 
                   DETAINED AT UNITED STATES NAVAL STATION, 
                   GUANTANAMO BAY, CUBA.

       No amounts authorized to be appropriated or otherwise made 
     available for the Department of Defense may be used during 
     the period beginning on the date of the enactment of this Act 
     and ending on December 31, 2017, to transfer, release, or 
     assist in the transfer or release of any individual detained 
     in the custody or under the control of the Department of 
     Defense at United States Naval Station, Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, 
     to the custody or control of any country, or any entity 
     within such country, as follows:
       (1) Libya.
       (2) Somalia.
       (3) Syria.
       (4) Yemen.

     SEC. 1035. PROHIBITION ON USE OF FUNDS FOR REALIGNMENT OF 
                   FORCES AT OR CLOSURE OF UNITED STATES NAVAL 
                   STATION, GUANTANAMO BAY, CUBA.

       No amounts authorized to be appropriated or otherwise made 
     available for the Department of Defense for fiscal year 2017 
     may be used--
       (1) to close or abandon United States Naval Station, 
     Guantanamo Bay, Cuba;
       (2) to relinquish control of Guantanamo Bay to the Republic 
     of Cuba; or
       (3) to implement a material modification to the Treaty 
     Between the United States of America and Cuba signed at 
     Washington, D.C. on May 29, 1934, that constructively closes 
     United States Naval Station, Guantanamo Bay.

     SEC. 1036. MODIFICATION OF CONGRESSIONAL NOTIFICATION OF 
                   SENSITIVE MILITARY OPERATIONS.

       Section 130f of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
       (1) in subsection (a)--
       (A) in the first sentence, by inserting ``no later than 48 
     hours'' after ``under this title''; and
       (B) in the second sentence, by inserting ``and the National 
     Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017'' before the 
     period at the end; and
       (2) by striking subsection (d) and inserting the following:
       ``(d) Sensitive Military Operation Defined.--In this 
     section, the term `sensitive military operation' means an 
     operation--
       ``(1) conducted by the United States armed forces outside 
     the United States, whether conducted by the United States 
     acting alone or cooperatively;
       ``(2) conducted pursuant to--
       ``(A) the Authorization for the Use of Military Force 
     (Public Law 107-40; 50 U.S.C. 1541); or
       ``(B) any other authority except--
       ``(i) a declaration of war; or
       ``(ii) a specific statutory authorization for the use of 
     force other than the authorization referred to in 
     subparagraph (A);
       ``(3) conducted outside a theater of major hostilities; and
       ``(4) that is either--
       ``(A) a lethal operation;
       ``(B) a capture operation; or
       ``(C) an activity of self-defense, collective self defense, 
     or in defense of a foreign partner during a cooperative 
     operation.''.

     SEC. 1037. COMPREHENSIVE STRATEGY FOR DETENTION OF CERTAIN 
                   INDIVIDUALS.

       (a) In General.--Not later than July 19, 2017, the 
     Secretary of Defense shall, in consultation with the Attorney 
     General and the Director of National Intelligence, submit to 
     the appropriate congressional committees a report setting 
     forth the details of a comprehensive strategy for the 
     detention of current and future individuals captured and held 
     pursuant to the Authorization for Use of Military Force 
     (Public Law 107-40) pending the end of hostilities.
       (b) Comprehensive Strategy.--The comprehensive detention 
     strategy required by subsection (a) shall contain the 
     following:
       (1) A policy and plan applicable to individuals lawfully 
     detained under the effective control of the United States.
       (2) A description of how intelligence information is 
     currently gathered from individuals captured in theaters of 
     combat operation.
       (3) A plan for the disposition of individuals captured in 
     the future.
       (4) A description of how the United States will acquire 
     intelligence information in the future.
       (5) A plan for the disposition of individuals held pursuant 
     to the Authorization for Use of Military Force who are 
     currently detained at the United States Naval Base, 
     Guantanamo Bay, Cuba.
       (c) Form.--The comprehensive detention strategy required 
     under subsection (b) shall be submitted in unclassified form, 
     but may include a classified annex.
       (d) Appropriate Congressional Committees.--In this section, 
     the term ``appropriate congressional committees'' means--
       (1) the congressional defense committees;
       (2) the Permanent Select Committee on Intelligence of the 
     House of Representatives and the Select Committee on 
     Intelligence of the Senate; and
       (3) the Committee on Foreign Affairs of the House of 
     Representatives and the Committee on Foreign Relations of the 
     Senate.

         Subtitle E--Miscellaneous Authorities and Limitations

     SEC. 1041. EXPANDED AUTHORITY FOR TRANSPORTATION BY THE 
                   DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE OF NON-DEPARTMENT OF 
                   DEFENSE PERSONNEL AND CARGO.

       (a) Transportation of Allied and Civilian Personnel and 
     Cargo.--Subsection (c) of section 2649 of title 10, United 
     States Code, is amended--
       (1) in the subsection heading, by striking ``Personnel'' 
     and inserting ``and Civilian Personnel and Cargo'';
       (2) by striking ``Until January 6, 2016, when'' and 
     inserting ``When''; and
       (3) by striking ``allied forces or civilians'', and 
     inserting ``allied and civilian personnel and cargo''.
       (b) Commercial Insurance.--Such section is further amended 
     by adding at the end the following new subsection:
       ``(d) Commercial Insurance.--The Secretary may enter into a 
     contract or other arrangement with one or more commercial 
     providers to make insurance products available to non-
     Department of Defense shippers using the Defense 
     Transportation System to insure against the loss or damage of 
     the shipper's cargo. Any such contract or arrangement shall 
     provide that--
       ``(1) any insurance premium is collected by the commercial 
     provider;
       ``(2) any claim for loss or damage is processed and paid by 
     the commercial provider;
       ``(3) the commercial provider agrees to hold the United 
     States harmless and waive any recourse against the United 
     States for amounts paid to an insured as a result of a claim; 
     and
       ``(4) the contract between the commercial provider and the 
     insured shall contain a provision whereby the insured waives 
     any claim against the United States for loss or damage that 
     is within the scope of enumerated risks covered by the 
     insurance product.''.
       (c) Conforming Cross-reference Amendments.--Subsection (b) 
     of such section is amended by striking ``this section'' both 
     places it appears and inserting ``subsection (a)''.

     SEC. 1042. LIMITATION ON RETIREMENT, DEACTIVATION, OR 
                   DECOMMISSIONING OF MINE COUNTERMEASURES SHIPS.

       Section 1090 of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
     Fiscal Year 2016 (Public Law 111-92; 129 Stat. 1016) is 
     amended by striking subsection (b) and inserting the 
     following:
       ``(b) Limitation on Retirement of MCM Ships.--
       ``(1) In general.--None of the funds authorized to be 
     appropriated by this Act or otherwise made available for the 
     Department of the Navy for fiscal year 2017 may be obligated 
     or expended to retire, deactivate, decommission, to prepare 
     to retire, deactivate, decommission, or to place in storage 
     backup inventory or reduced operating status any MCM-1 class 
     ship.
       ``(2) Waiver authority.--
       ``(A) In general.--The Secretary of the Navy may waive the 
     limitation under paragraph (1) with respect to any MCM-1 
     class ship if the Secretary provides to the congressional 
     defense committees certification that the operational test

[[Page H2513]]

     and evaluation for replacement capabilities for the ship is 
     complete and such capabilities are available in sufficient 
     quantities to ensure sufficient mine countermeasures capacity 
     is available to meet requirements as set forth in the Join 
     Strategic Capabilities Plan, the campaign plans of the 
     combatant commanders, and the Navy's Force Structure 
     Assessment.
       ``(B) Report.--The first time the Secretary of the Navy 
     exercises the waiver authority under subparagraph (A), the 
     Secretary shall submit to the congressional defense 
     committees a report that includes--
       ``(i) the recommendations of the Secretary regarding MCM 
     force structure;
       ``(ii) the recommendations of the Secretary regarding how 
     to ensure the operational effectiveness of the surface MCM 
     force through 2025 based on current capabilities and 
     capacity, replacement schedules, and service life extensions 
     or retirement schedules;
       ``(iii) an assessment of the MCM vessels, including the 
     decommissioned MCM-1 and MCM-2 ships and the potential of 
     such ships for reserve operating status; and
       ``(iv) an assessment of the Littoral Combat Ship MCM 
     mission package increment one performance against the initial 
     operational test and evaluation criteria.''.

     SEC. 1043. EXTENSION OF AUTHORITY OF SECRETARY OF 
                   TRANSPORTATION TO ISSUE NON-PREMIUM AVIATION 
                   INSURANCE.

        Section 44310(b) of title 49, United States Code, is 
     amended by striking ``December 31, 2018'' and inserting 
     ``December 31, 2019''.

     SEC. 1044. EVALUATION OF NAVY ALTERNATE COMBINATION COVER AND 
                   UNISEX COMBINATION COVER.

       (a) Mandatory Possession or Wear Date.--The Secretary of 
     the Navy shall change the mandatory possession or wear date 
     of the alternate combination cover or the unisex combination 
     cover from October 31, 2016, to October 31, 2020.
       (b) Evaluation and Report.--The Secretary of the Navy may 
     not implement or enforce any change to Navy female service 
     dress uniforms until the Secretary submits to the Committees 
     on Armed Services of the Senate and House of Representatives 
     a report on the evaluation of the Navy female service dress 
     uniforms. Such evaluation shall include each of the 
     following:
       (1) An identification of the operational need addressed by 
     the alternate combination cover or the unisex combination 
     cover.
       (2) An assessment of the individual cost of service dress 
     uniform items to members of the Armed Forces as a percentage 
     of their monthly pay.
       (3) The composition of each uniform item's wear test group.
       (4) An identification of the costs to the Navy and to 
     individual members of the Armed Forces for uniform changes 
     identified in the Navy administrative message 236/15 dated 
     October 9, 2015.
       (5) The opinions of female members of the Navy active and 
     reserve components.

     SEC. 1045. DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE PROTECTION OF NATIONAL 
                   SECURITY SPECTRUM.

       (a) Evaluation.--The Secretary of Defense and the Chairman 
     of the Joint Chiefs of Staff shall jointly evaluate--
       (1) the statutory and regulatory options available to the 
     Secretary and the Chairman to protect critical test and 
     training capability in the event of spectrum auctions 
     affecting frequencies used by the Department of Defense; and
       (2) the utility, effect, and limitation, if any, of section 
     1062 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
     Year 2000 (Public Law 106-65; 113 Stat. 767).
       (b) Submission.--Not later than 90 days after the date of 
     the enactment of this Act, the Secretary and the Chairman 
     shall submit to the congressional defense committees the 
     evaluation under subsection (a), including any 
     recommendations of the Secretary and the Chairman for 
     additional statutory or regulatory options that would enhance 
     the ability of the Secretary and the Chairman to protect 
     national security equities.

     SEC. 1046. TRANSPORTATION ON MILITARY AIRCRAFT ON A SPACE-
                   AVAILABLE BASIS FOR MEMBERS AND FORMER MEMBERS 
                   OF THE ARMED FORCES WITH DISABILITIES RATED AS 
                   TOTAL.

       (a) Availability of Transportation.--Section 2641b of title 
     10, United States Code, is amended--
       (1) by redesignating subsection (f) as subsection (g); and
       (2) by inserting after subsection (e) the following new 
     subsection (f):
       ``(f) Special Priority for Certain Disabled Veterans.--(1) 
     The Secretary of Defense shall provide transportation on 
     scheduled and unscheduled military flights within the 
     continental United States and on scheduled overseas flights 
     operated by the Air Mobility Command on a space-available 
     basis for any member or former member of the armed forces 
     with a disability rated as total on the same basis as such 
     transportation is provided to members of the armed forces 
     entitled to retired or retainer pay.
       ``(2) The transportation priority required by paragraph (1) 
     for veterans described in such paragraph applies whether or 
     not the Secretary establishes the travel program authorized 
     by this section.
       ``(3) In this subsection, the term `disability rated as 
     total' has the meanings given that term in section 1414(e)(3) 
     of this title.''.
       (b) Effective Date.--Subsection (f) of section 2641b of 
     title 10, United States Code, as added by subsection (a), 
     shall take effect at the end of the 90-day period beginning 
     on the date of the enactment of this Act.

     SEC. 1047. NATIONAL GUARD FLYOVERS OF PUBLIC EVENTS.

       (a) Statement of Policy.--It shall be the policy of the 
     Department of Defense that flyovers of public events in 
     support of community relations activities may only be flown 
     as part of an approved training mission at no additional 
     expense to the Federal Government.
       (b) National Guard Flyover Approval Process.--The Adjutant 
     General of a State in which an Army National Guard or Air 
     National Guard unit is based will be the approval authority 
     for all Air National Guard and Army National Guard flyovers 
     in that State, including any request for a flyover in any 
     civilian domain at a nonaviation related event.
       (c) Flyover Record Maintenance; Report.--
       (1) Record maintenance.--The Secretary of Defense shall 
     keep and maintain records of flyover requests and approvals 
     in a publicly accessible database that is updated annually.
       (2) GAO report.--Not later than one year after the date of 
     the enactment of this Act, the Comptroller General of the 
     United States shall submit to the Committee on Armed Services 
     of the House of Representatives and the Committee on Armed 
     Services of the Senate a report on flyovers and the process 
     whereby flyover requests are made and evaluated, including--
       (A) whether there is any cost to taxpayers associated with 
     flyovers;
       (B) whether there is any appreciable public relations or 
     recruitment value that comes from flyovers; and
       (C) the impact flyovers have to aviator training and 
     readiness.
       (d) Flyover Defined.--In this section, the term ``flyover'' 
     means aviation support--
       (1) in which a straight and level flight limited to one 
     pass by a single military aircraft, or by a single formation 
     of four or fewer military aircraft of the same type, from the 
     same military department over a predetermined point on the 
     ground at a specific time;
       (2) that does not involve aerobatics or demonstrations; and
       (3) uses bank angles of up to 90 degrees if required to 
     improve the spectator visibility of the aircraft.

                    Subtitle F--Studies and Reports

     SEC. 1061. TEMPORARY CONTINUATION OF CERTAIN DEPARTMENT OF 
                   DEFENSE REPORTING REQUIREMENTS.

       (a) Exceptions to Reports Termination Provision.--Section 
     1080 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
     Year 2016 (Public Law 114-92; 129 Stat. 1000; 10 U.S.C. 111 
     note) does not apply to any report required to be submitted 
     to Congress by the Department of Defense, or by any officer, 
     official, component, or element of the Department, pursuant 
     to a provision of law specified in this section, 
     notwithstanding the enactment of the reporting requirement by 
     an annual national defense authorization Act or the inclusion 
     of the report in the list of reports prepared by the 
     Secretary of Defense pursuant to subsection (c) of such 
     section 1080.
       (b) Final Termination Date for Submittal of Exempted 
     Reports.--
       (1) In general.--Except as provided in paragraph (2), each 
     report required pursuant to a provision of law specified in 
     this section that is still required to be submitted to 
     Congress as of January 31, 2021, shall no longer be required 
     to be submitted to Congress after that date.
       (2) Reports exempted from termination.--The termination 
     dates specified in paragraph (1) and section 1080 of the 
     National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2016 do 
     not apply to the following:
       (A) The submission of the reports on the National Military 
     Strategy and Risk Assessment under section 153(b)(3) of title 
     10, United States Code.
       (B) The submission of the future-years defense program 
     (including associated annexes) under section 221 of title 10, 
     United States Code.
       (C) The submission of the future-years mission budget for 
     the military programs of the Department of Defense under 
     section 221 of such title.
       (D) The submission of audits of contracting compliance by 
     the Inspector General of the Department of Defense under 
     section 1601(b) of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
     Fiscal Year 2014 (Public Law 113-66; 10 U.S.C. 2533a note)
       (c) Reports Required by Title 10, United States Code.--
     Subject to subsection (b), subsection (a) applies to 
     reporting requirements contained in the following sections of 
     title 10, United States Code:
       (1) Section 127b(f), relating to a report on the 
     administration of Department of Defense rewards program 
     against international terrorism.
       (2) Section 127d(d), relating to a report on provision of 
     logistic support, supplies, and services to allied forces 
     participating in combined operations.
       (3) Section 139(h), relating to a report on operational 
     test and evaluation activities of the Department of Defense, 
     including the report component required by section 2399(g) on 
     operational test and evaluation of defense acquisition 
     programs.
       (4) Section 139b(d), relating to a report on activities of 
     the Deputy Assistant Secretary of Defense for Developmental 
     Test and Evaluation.
       (5) Sections 153(c), relating to a report on the 
     requirements of the combatant commands.
       (6) Section 179(f), relating to reports and assessments 
     regarding nuclear stockpile and stockpile stewardship 
     program.
       (7) Section 196(d), relating to a report on the strategic 
     plan reflecting the needs of the Department of Defense with 
     respect to test and evaluation facilities and resources.
       (8) Section 229, relating to submission of budget 
     information regarding Department of Defense programs for 
     combating terrorism.
       (9) Section 231, relating to submission of naval vessel 
     construction plan and related certification.

[[Page H2514]]

       (10) Section 238, relating to submission of a budget 
     justification display regarding cyber mission forces.
       (11) Section 401(d), relating to a report on the provision 
     of humanitarian and civic assistance in conjunction with 
     military operations.
       (12) Section 494(b), relating to a report on the nuclear 
     weapons stockpile of the United States.
       (13) Section 526(j), relating to a report on general 
     officer and flag officer numbers.
       (14) Section 981(c), relating to a report on enlisted aide 
     numbers.
       (15) Section 1557(e), relating to a report on any failure 
     to achieve timeliness standard for disposition of 
     applications before Corrections Boards.
       (16) Section 2011(e), relating to a report on training of 
     special operations forces with friendly foreign forces.
       (17) Section 2166(i), relating to a report on the 
     activities of the Western Hemisphere Institute for Security 
     Cooperation.
       (18) Section 2218(h), relating to submission of budget 
     requests for the National Defense Sealift Fund.
       (19) Section 2228(e), relating to a report on the long-term 
     strategy and related matters regarding reducing corrosion and 
     its effects on military equipment and infrastructure.
       (20) Section 2229a, relating to a report on the status of 
     materiel in the prepositioned stocks.
       (21) Section 2249c(c), relating to a report on the 
     administration of the Regional Defense Combating Terrorism 
     Fellowship Program.
       (22) Section 2275, relating to reports on major satellite 
     acquisition programs, including report updates under 
     subsection (f) of such section.
       (23) Section 2276(e), relating to a report on the funds, 
     services, and equipment accepted and used in connection with 
     commercial space launch cooperation.
       (24) Section 2445b, relating to submission of budget 
     justification documents regarding major automated information 
     system programs and other major information technology 
     investment programs.
       (25) Section 2464(d), relating to a report on core depot-
     level maintenance and repair capabilities.
       (26) Section 2466(d), relating to a report on expenditures 
     for performance of depot-level maintenance and repair 
     workloads.
       (27) Section 2561(c), relating to a report on the use of 
     humanitarian assistance for providing transportation of 
     humanitarian relief and for other humanitarian purposes.
       (28) Section 2684a(g), relating to a report on projects 
     undertaken under agreements to limit encroachments and other 
     constraints on military training, testing, and operations.
       (29) Section 2687a, relating to reports on the status of 
     overseas closures and realignments and master plans, 
     expenditures from the Department of Defense Overseas Facility 
     Investment Recovery Account, and agreement of settlement with 
     host countries regarding the release of facility improvements 
     made by the United States.
       (30) Section 2711, relating to a report on defense 
     environmental programs.
       (31) Sections 2831(e) and 2884(b)(4), relating to reports 
     on quarters for general or flag officers.
       (32) Sections 2884(b) and (c), relating to reports on the 
     Department of Defense Housing Funds, provision of a basic 
     allowance for housing to members of the Armed Forces living 
     in military privatized housing, plans for housing 
     privatization activities, and the status of oversight and 
     accountability measures for military housing privatization 
     projects.
       (33) Section 2912(d), relating to a statement of the energy 
     cost savings available for obligation.
       (34) Section 2925, relating to reports on Department of 
     Defense energy management and operational energy.
       (35) Section 4721(e), relating to submission of a budget 
     request and related materials regarding Army National 
     Military Cemeteries.
       (36) Section 7310(c), relating to a report on repairs and 
     maintenance performed on certain naval vessels in a foreign 
     shipyard.
       (37) Section 10541, relating to a report on equipment of 
     the National Guard and other reserve components.
       (38) Section 10543, relating to a component of the future-
     years defense program regarding National Guard and other 
     reserve components equipment procurement and military 
     construction funding and associated annexes and report.
       (d) Reports Required by National Defense Authorization Act 
     for Fiscal Year 2015.--Subject to subsection (b), subsection 
     (a) applies to reporting requirements contained in the 
     following sections of the Carl Levin and Howard P. ``Buck'' 
     McKeon National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 
     2015 (Public Law 113-291):
       (1) Section 232(e) (10 U.S.C. 2358 note), relating to a 
     report on the pilot program on assignment to the Defense 
     Advanced Research Projects Agency of certain private sector 
     personnel.
       (2) Section 546(d) (10 U.S.C. 1561 note), relating to a 
     report on activities of the Defense Advisory Committee on 
     Investigation, Prosecution, and Defense of Sexual Assault in 
     the Armed Forces.
       (3) Section 1003 (10 U.S.C. 221 note), relating to 
     reporting of balances carried forward by the Department of 
     Defense at the end of each fiscal year.
       (4) Section 1026(d) (128 Stat. 3490), relating to a report 
     on the status of the modernization of Ticonderoga-class 
     cruisers and dock landing ships.
       (5) Section 1055 (128 Stat. 3498), relating to a report on 
     the Air Force response to the recommendations of the National 
     Commission on the Structure of the Air Force.
       (6) Section 1204(b) (10 U.S.C. 2249e note), relating to a 
     report on administration of section 2249e of title 10, United 
     States Code.
       (7) Section 1205(e) (128 Stat. 3537), relating to a report 
     on the assessment of programs carried out under section 
     2282(f) of title 10, United States Code.
       (8) Section 1206(e) (10 U.S.C. 2282 note), relating to a 
     report on the training of security forces and associated 
     security ministries of foreign countries to promote respect 
     for the rule of law and human rights.
       (9) Section 1207(d) (10 U.S.C. 2342 note), relating to a 
     report on loan of personnel protection and personnel 
     survivability equipment to military forces of foreign 
     nations.
       (10) Section 1211 (128 Stat. 3544), relating to a report on 
     programs carried out by the Department of Defense to provide 
     training, equipment, or other assistance or reimbursement to 
     foreign security forces.
       (11) Section 1225 (128 Stat. 3550), relating to a report on 
     enhancing security and stability in Afghanistan.
       (12) Section 1245 (128 Stat. 3566), relating to a report on 
     military and security developments involving the Russian 
     Federation.
       (13) Section 2821(a)(3) (10 U.S.C. 2687 note), relating to 
     notice of any adjustment to the funding limitation on 
     implementation of the Record of Decision for the relocation 
     of Marine Corps forces to Guam.
       (e) Reports Required by National Defense Authorization Act 
     for Fiscal Year 2014.--Subject to subsection (b), subsection 
     (a) applies to reporting requirements contained in the 
     following sections of the National Defense Authorization Act 
     for Fiscal Year 2014 (Public Law 113-66):
       (1) Section 704(e) (10 U.S.C. 1074 note), relating to a 
     report on the pilot program on investigational treatment of 
     members of the Armed Forces for traumatic brain injury and 
     post-traumatic stress disorder.
       (2) Sections 713(f), (g), and (h) (10 U.S.C. 1071 note), 
     relating to providing a financial summary of efforts to 
     develop interoperable electronic health records, updates on 
     the progress of data sharing, and information on executive 
     committee activities.
       (f) Reports Required by National Defense Authorization Act 
     for Fiscal Year 2013.--Subject to subsection (b), subsection 
     (a) applies to reporting requirements contained in the 
     following sections of the National Defense Authorization Act 
     for Fiscal Year 2013 (Public Law 112-239):
       (1) Section 1009 (126 Stat. 1906), relating to a report on 
     the use of funds in the Drug Interdiction and Counter-Drug 
     Activities, Defense-wide account.
       (2) Section 1023 (126 Stat. 1911), relating to a report on 
     recidivism of individuals who have been detained at United 
     States Naval Station, Guantanamo Bay, Cuba.
       (g) Reports Required by National Defense Authorization Act 
     for Fiscal Year 2011.--Subject to subsection (b), subsection 
     (a) applies to reporting requirements contained in the 
     following sections of the Ike Skelton National Defense 
     Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2011 (Public Law 111-383):
       (1) Section 123 (10 U.S.C. 167 note), relating to a report 
     on use of combat mission requirements funds.
       (2) Section 1631(d) (10 U.S.C. 1561 note), relating to a 
     report on sexual assaults involving members of the Armed 
     Forces and improvement to sexual assault prevention and 
     response program.
       (h) Reports Required by National Defense Authorization Act 
     for Fiscal Year 2010.--Subject to subsection (b), subsection 
     (a) applies to reporting requirements contained in the 
     following sections of the National Defense Authorization Act 
     for Fiscal Year 2010 (Public Law 111-84):
       (1) Section 711(d) (10 U.S.C. 1071 note), relating to a 
     report on the comprehensive policy on pain management by the 
     Military Health Care System.
       (2) Section 1003(b) (10 U.S.C. 2222 note), relating to a 
     report on implementation by the Department of Defense of the 
     Financial Improvement and Audit Readiness Plan.
       (3) Section 1245 (123 Stat. 2542), relating to a report on 
     military power of Iran.
       (i) Reports Required by Other Laws.--Subject to subsection 
     (b), subsection (a) applies to reporting requirements 
     contained in the following provisions of law:
       (1) Section 717(c) of the National Defense Authorization 
     Act for Fiscal Year 1996 (Public Law 104-106; 10 U.S.C. 1073 
     note), relating to a report on TRICARE Program effectiveness.
       (2) Section 1202 of the National Defense Authorization Act 
     for Fiscal Year 2000 (Public Law 106-65; 10 U.S.C. 113 note), 
     relating to a report on military and security developments 
     involving the People's Republic of China.
       (3) Section 1208(f) of the Ronald W. Reagan National 
     Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2005 (Public Law 
     108-375; 118 Stat. 2086), relating to a report on the 
     provision of support for special operations to combat 
     terrorism.
       (4) Section 1405(d) of the National Defense Authorization 
     Act for Fiscal Year 2006 (Public Law 109-163; 10 U.S.C. 801 
     note), relating to a report on any modification made to the 
     procedures for status review of detainees outside the United 
     States.
       (5) Section 1017(e) of the John Warner National Defense 
     Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2007 (Public Law 109-364; 
     10 U.S.C. 2631 note), relating to a report regarding 
     overhaul, repair, and maintenance performed on certain 
     vessels in the United States.
       (6) Section 1034(d) of the National Defense Authorization 
     Act for Fiscal Year 2008 (Public Law 110-181; 122 Stat. 309), 
     relating to a report on the provision of support for non-
     Federal development and testing of material for chemical 
     agent defense.
       (7) Section 1236 of the National Defense Authorization Act 
     for Fiscal Year 2012 (Public Law 112-81; 125 Stat. 1641), 
     relating to a report on military and security developments 
     involving the Democratic People's Republic of Korea.
       (8) Section 103A(b)(3) of the Sikes Act (16 U.S.C. 670c-
     1(b)(3)), relating to a report on the

[[Page H2515]]

     disposition of certain appropriated funds provided under 
     cooperative and interagency agreements for land management on 
     installations.
       (9) Section 1511(h) of the Armed Forces Retirement Home Act 
     of 1991 (24 U.S.C. 411(h)), relating to a report on the 
     financial and other affairs of the Armed Forces Retirement 
     Home.
       (10) Section 901(f) of the Office of National Drug Control 
     Policy Reauthorization Act of 2006 (Public Law 109-469; 32 
     U.S.C. 112 note), as added by section 1008 of the National 
     Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2013 (Public Law 
     112-239), relating to a report on the activities of the 
     National Guard counterdrug schools.
       (11) Section 14 of the Strategic and Critical Materials 
     Stock Piling Act (50 U.S.C. 98h-5), relating to a report on 
     the requirements of the National Defense Stockpile.
       (12) Sections 1412(i) and (j) of the National Defense 
     Authorization Act, 1986 (50 U.S.C. 1521), as amended by 
     section 1421 of the Ike Skelton National Defense 
     Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2011 (Public Law 111-383), 
     relating to reports on destruction of existing stockpile of 
     lethal chemical agents and munitions, including 
     implementation by the United States of its chemical weapons 
     destruction obligations under the Chemical Weapons 
     Convention.
       (13) Section 1703 of the National Defense Authorization Act 
     for Fiscal Year 1994 (50 U.S.C. 1523), relating to a report 
     on chemical and biological warfare defense.
       (14) Section 234 of the National Defense Authorization Act 
     for Fiscal Year 1998 (50 U.S.C. 2367), relating to a report 
     on acquisition of technology relating to weapons of mass 
     destruction and their threat.
       (15) Section 105A(b) of the Uniformed and Overseas Citizens 
     Absentee Voting Act (52 U.S.C. 20308(b)), as added by section 
     586 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 
     2010 (Public Law 111-84), relating to a report on 
     effectiveness of activities and utilization of certain 
     procedures under Federal Voting Assistance Program.
       (j) Conforming Amendment.--Section 1080(a) of the National 
     Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2016 (Public Law 
     114-92; 129 Stat. 1000; 10 U.S.C. 111 note) is amended--
       (1) by striking ``on the date that is two years after the 
     date of the enactment of this Act'' and inserting ``November 
     25, 2017''; and
       (2) by striking ``effective''.

     SEC. 1062. MATTERS FOR INCLUSION IN REPORT ON DESIGNATION OF 
                   COUNTRIES FOR WHICH REWARDS MAY BE PAID UNDER 
                   DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE REWARDS PROGRAM.

       Section 127b(h) of title 10, United States Code, is 
     amended--
       (1) in paragraph (2), by inserting ``and justification'' 
     after ``reason''; and
       (2) by amending paragraph (3) to read as follows:
       ``(3) An estimate of the amount or value of the rewards to 
     be paid as monetary payment or payment-in-kind under this 
     section.''.

     SEC. 1063. CONGRESSIONAL NOTIFICATION OF BIOLOGICAL SELECT 
                   AGENT AND TOXIN THEFT, LOSS, OR RELEASE 
                   INVOLVING THE DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE.

       (a) Notification Requirement.--Not later than 15 days after 
     notice of any theft, loss, or release of a biological select 
     agent or toxin involving the Department of Defense is 
     provided to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention or 
     the Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service, as specified 
     by section 331.19 of part 7 of the Code of Federal 
     Regulations, the Secretary of Defense shall provide to the 
     congressional defense committees notice of such theft, loss, 
     or release.
       (b) Elements.--Notice of a theft, loss, or release of a 
     biological select agent or toxin under subsection (a) shall 
     include each of the following:
       (1) The name of the agent or toxin and any identifying 
     information, including the strain or other relevant 
     characterization information.
       (2) An estimate of the quantity of the agent or toxin 
     stolen, lost, or released.
       (3) The location or facility from which the theft, loss, or 
     release occurred.
       (4) In the case of a release, any hazards posed by the 
     release and the number of individuals potentially exposed to 
     the agent or toxin.
       (5) Actions taken to respond to the theft, loss, or 
     release.

     SEC. 1064. REPORT ON SERVICE-PROVIDED SUPPORT TO UNITED 
                   STATES SPECIAL OPERATIONS FORCES.

       (a) Report Required.--Not later than 180 days after the 
     date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense 
     shall submit to the congressional defense committees a 
     written report on common service support contributed from 
     each of the military services toward special operations 
     forces. Such report shall include--
       (1) detailed information about the resources allocated by 
     each military service for combat support, combat service 
     support, and base operating support for special operations 
     forces; and
       (2) an assessment of the specific effects that future 
     manpower and force structure changes are likely to have on 
     the capability of each of the military services to provide 
     common service support to special operations forces.
       (b) Annual Updates.--For each of fiscal years 2018 through 
     2020, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the 
     congressional defense committees an update to the report 
     required under subsection (a).
       (c) Form of Report.--The report required under subsection 
     (a) and each update provided under subsection (b) shall be 
     submitted in unclassified form, but may contain a classified 
     annex.

     SEC. 1065. REPORT ON CITIZEN SECURITY RESPONSIBILITIES IN THE 
                   NORTHERN TRIANGLE OF CENTRAL AMERICA.

       (a) In General.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
     the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense and the 
     Secretary of State shall jointly prepare and submit to the 
     appropriate congressional committees a report on military 
     units that have been assigned to policing or citizen security 
     responsibilities in Guatemala, Honduras, and El Salvador.
       (b) Matters to Be Included.--The report required by 
     subsection (a) shall include each of the following:
       (1) The following information, as of the date of the 
     enactment of this Act, with respect to military units 
     assigned to policing or citizen security responsibilities in 
     each of Guatemala, Honduras, and El Salvador:
       (A) The proportion of individuals in each such country's 
     military who participate in policing or citizen security 
     activities relative to the total number of individuals in 
     that country's military.
       (B) Of the military units assigned to policing or citizen 
     security responsibilities, the types of units conducting 
     police activities.
       (C) The role of the Department of Defense and the 
     Department of State in training individuals for purposes of 
     participation in such military units.
       (D) The number of individuals who participated in such 
     military units who received training by the Department of 
     Defense, and the types of training they received.
       (2) Any other information that the Secretary of Defense or 
     the Secretary of State determines to be necessary to help 
     better understand the relationships of the militaries of 
     Guatemala, Honduras, and El Salvador to public security in 
     such countries.
       (3) A description of the plan of the United States to 
     assist the militaries of Guatemala, Honduras, and El Salvador 
     to carry out their responsibilities in a manner that adheres 
     to democratic principles.
       (c) Form.--The report required by subsection (a) shall be 
     submitted in unclassified form, but may contain a classified 
     annex.
       (d) Public Availability.--The unclassified matter of the 
     report required by subsection (a) shall be posted on a 
     publicly available Internet website of the Department of 
     Defense and a publicly available Internet website of the 
     Department of State.
       (e) Appropriate Congressional Committees.--In this section, 
     the term ``appropriate congressional committees'' means the 
     Committee on Armed Services and the Committee on Foreign 
     Affairs of the House of Representatives and the Committee on 
     Armed Services and the Committee on Foreign Relations of the 
     Senate.

     SEC. 1066. REPORT ON COUNTERPROLIFERATION ACTIVITIES AND 
                   PROGRAMS.

       (a) In General.--The Secretary of Defense shall submit to 
     the congressional defense committees a biennial report on the 
     counterproliferation activities and programs of the 
     Department of Defense. The Secretary shall submit the first 
     such report by not later than May 1, 2017.
       (b) Matters Included.--Each report required under 
     subsection (a) shall include each of the following:
       (1) A complete list and assessment of existing and proposed 
     capabilities and technologies for support of United States 
     nonproliferation policy and counterproliferation policy, with 
     regard to--
       (A) interdiction;
       (B) elimination;
       (C) threat reduction cooperation;
       (D) passive defenses;
       (E) security cooperation and partner activities;
       (F) offensive operations;
       (G) active defenses; and
       (H) weapons of mass destruction consequence management.
       (2) For the existing and proposed capabilities and 
     technologies identified under paragraph (1), an 
     identification of goals, a description of ongoing efforts, 
     and recommendations for further enhancements.
       (3) A complete description of requirements and priorities 
     for the development and deployment of highly effective 
     capabilities and technologies, including identifying areas 
     for capability enhancement and deficiencies in existing 
     capabilities and technologies.
       (4) A comprehensive discussion of the near-term, mid-term, 
     and long-term programmatic options for meeting requirements 
     and eliminating deficiencies, including the annual funding 
     requirements and completion dates established for each such 
     option.
       (5) An outline of interagency activities and initiatives.
       (6) Any other matters the Secretary considers appropriate.
       (c) Forms of Report.--Each report under subsection (a) 
     shall be submitted in unclassified form, but may contain a 
     classified annex.
       (d) Termination of Requirement.--No report shall be 
     required to be submitted under this section after January 31, 
     2021.

     SEC. 1067. INCLUSION OF BALLISTIC MISSILE DEFENSE INFORMATION 
                   IN ANNUAL REPORT ON REQUIREMENTS OF COMBATANT 
                   COMMANDS.

       (a) In General.--Paragraph (2)(A) of section 153(c) of 
     title 10, United States Code, is amended by inserting before 
     the period the following: ``, including the integrated 
     priorities list requirements for ballistic missile defense by 
     the geographic combatant commands and the prioritized 
     capabilities list for ballistic missile defense developed by 
     the Commander of the United States Strategic Command''.
       (b) Report Duration.--Paragraph (1) of such section is 
     amended by striking ``At or about'' and inserting ``During 
     the period preceding January 31, 2021, at or about''.

     SEC. 1068. REVIEWS BY DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE CONCERNING 
                   NATIONAL SECURITY USE OF SPECTRUM.

       (a) Review and Report to the Congressional Defense 
     Committees.--Not later than one year after the date of the 
     enactment of this Act, and every two years thereafter until 
     January 31, 2021, the Secretary of Defense and the

[[Page H2516]]

     Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff shall submit to the 
     congressional defense committees a report containing the 
     results of a comprehensive review conducted by the Secretary 
     and the Chairman of all uses by the Department of Defense of 
     spectrum. Such review shall include the use of spectrum in 
     military plans, training, test, and in military capabilities 
     that are in development or have been fielded for any known or 
     potential impacts of sharing or repurposing of spectrum used 
     or allocated to be used by the Department of Defense that may 
     be reallocated or shared pursuant to a spectrum auction, 
     sharing arrangement, or other arrangement, or that is 
     otherwise identified as part of the 10-year plan developed by 
     the National Telecommunications and Information 
     Administration, and whether there are known or possible 
     mitigations in the event of reallocation or sharing that they 
     recommend, including exclusion zones, equipment 
     modifications, development or procurement of new technology, 
     or any other mitigation they believe will protect Department 
     of Defense use of such spectrum, including projected or 
     estimated potential costs of the same, and whether such costs 
     will be borne out of Defense of Defense total obligation 
     authority.
       (b) Certification.--At the time of the submission of the 
     report required under subsection (a), the Secretary and the 
     Chairman shall both certify that they understand any 
     potential impacts to Department of Defense use of spectrum 
     that could result from a spectrum auction, reallocation, or 
     sharing arrangement as of that date, and submit such 
     certification to the congressional defense committees.
       (c) Report of Non-concurrence or Veto.--The Secretary of 
     Defense shall notify the congressional defense committees as 
     to whether the Secretary has not concurred with or otherwise 
     objected to the most recent version of the 10-year plan 
     developed by the National Telecommunications and Information 
     Administration not later than 30 days after the date of such 
     non-concurrence or other objection.
       (d) Funding Withheld.--The Secretary of Defense and the 
     Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff may not obligate more 
     than 95 percent of the funding authorized to be appropriated 
     to the Department of Defense for fiscal year 2017 for 
     operation and maintenance for headquarters operations before 
     the date that is 30 days after the date on which the report 
     required by subsection (a) and the certification required 
     under subsection (b) are submitted to the congressional 
     defense committees.

     SEC. 1069. ANNUAL REPORT ON PERSONNEL, TRAINING, AND 
                   EQUIPMENT REQUIREMENTS FOR THE NON-FEDERALIZED 
                   NATIONAL GUARD TO SUPPORT CIVILIAN AUTHORITIES 
                   IN PREVENTION AND RESPONSE TO DOMESTIC 
                   DISASTERS.

       (a) Annual Report Required.--Section 10504 of title 10, 
     United States Code, is amended--
       (1) in subsection (a), by striking ``Report.--'' and 
     inserting ``Report on State of the National Guard.--(1)'';
       (2) by striking ``(b) Submission of Report to Congress.--'' 
     and inserting ``(2)'';
       (3) by striking ``annual report of the Chief of the 
     National Guard Bureau'' and inserting ``annual report 
     required by paragraph (1)''; and
       (4) by adding at the end the following new subsection (b):
       ``(b) Annual Report on Non-Federalized Service National 
     Guard Personnel, Training, and Equipment Requirements.--(1) 
     Not later than January 31 of each of calendar years 2017 
     through 2021, the Chief of the National Guard Bureau shall 
     submit to the congressional defense committees and the 
     officials specified in paragraph (5) a report setting forth 
     the personnel, training, and equipment required by the 
     National Guard during the next fiscal year to carry out its 
     mission, while not Federalized, to provide prevention, 
     protection mitigation, response, and recovery activities in 
     support of civilian authorities in connection with natural 
     and man-made disasters.
       ``(2) To determine the annual personnel, training, and 
     equipment requirements of the National Guard referred to in 
     paragraph (1), the Chief of the National Guard Bureau shall 
     take into account, at a minimum, the following:
       ``(A) Core civilian capabilities gaps for the prevention, 
     protection, mitigation, response, and recovery activities in 
     connection with natural and man-made disasters, as collected 
     by the Department of Homeland Security from the States.
       ``(B) Threat and hazard identifications and risk 
     assessments of the Department of Defense, the Department of 
     Homeland Security, and the States.
       ``(3) Personnel, training, and equipment requirements shall 
     be collected from the States, validated by the Chief of the 
     National Guard Bureau, and be categorized in the report 
     required by paragraph (1) by each of the following:
       ``(A) Emergency support functions of the National Response 
     Framework.
       ``(B) Federal Emergency Management Agency regions.
       ``(4) The annual report required by paragraph (1) shall be 
     prepared in consultation with the chief executive of each 
     State, other appropriate civilian authorities, and the 
     Council of Governors.
       ``(5) In addition to the congressional defense committees, 
     the annual report required by paragraph (1) shall be 
     submitted to the following officials:
       ``(A) The Secretary of Defense.
       ``(B) The Secretary of Homeland Security.
       ``(C) The Council of Governors.
       ``(D) The Secretary of the Army.
       ``(E) The Secretary of the Air Force.
       ``(F) The Commander of the United States Northern Command.
       ``(G) The Commander of the United States Cyber Command.''.
       (b) Clerical Amendments.--
       (1) Section heading.--The heading of such section is 
     amended to read as follows:

     ``Sec. 10504. Chief of the National Guard Bureau: annual 
       reports''.

       (2) Table of contents.--The table of sections at the 
     beginning of chapter 1011 of title 10, United States Code, is 
     amended by striking the item relating to section 10504 and 
     inserting the following new section:

``10504. Chief of the National Guard Bureau: annual reports.''.

                       Subtitle G--Other Matters

     SEC. 1081. TECHNICAL AND CLERICAL AMENDMENTS.

       (a) Title 10, United States Code.--Title 10, United States 
     Code, is amended as follows:
       (1) Section 130h is amended by striking ``subsection (a) 
     and (b)'' both places it appears and inserting ``subsections 
     (a) and (b)''.
       (2) Section 187(a)(2)(C) is amended by striking 
     ``Acquisition, Logistics, and Technology'' and inserting 
     ``Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics''.
       (3) Section 196(c)(1)(A)(ii) is amended by striking 
     ``section 139(i)'' and inserting ``section 139(j)''.
       (4) Subsection (b)(1)(B) of section 1415, to be added by 
     section 633(a)(1) of the National Defense Authorization Act 
     for Fiscal Year 2016 (Public Law 114-92; 129 Stat. 848), is 
     amended by adding a period at the end of clause (ii).
       (5) Section 1705(g)(1) is amended by striking ``of of'' and 
     inserting ``of''.
       (6) Section 2222 is amended--
       (A) in subsection (d)(1)(B), by inserting ``to'' before 
     ``eliminate'';
       (B) in subsection (g)(1)(E) by inserting ``the system'' 
     before ``is in compliance''; and
       (C) in subsection (i)(5), by striking ``program'' in the 
     heading.
       (b) Amendments Related to Elimination of Title 50 
     Appendix.--
       (1) Military selective service act citation changes.--
       (A) Title 10, united states code.--Title 10, United States 
     Code, is amended as follows:
       (i) Section 101(d)(6)(B)(v) is amended by striking ``(50 
     U.S.C. App. 460(b)(2))'' and inserting ``(50 U.S.C. 
     3809(b)(2))''.
       (ii) Section 513(c) is amended--

       (I) by striking ``(50 U.S.C. App. 451 et seq.)'' and 
     inserting ``(50 U.S.C. 3801 et seq.)''; and
       (II) by inserting ``(50 U.S.C. 3806(c)(2)(A))'' after ``of 
     that Act''.

       (iii) Section 523(b)(7) is amended by striking ``(50 U.S.C. 
     App. 460(b)(2))'' and inserting ``(50 U.S.C. 3809(b)(2))''.
       (iv) Section 651(a) is amended by striking ``(50 U.S.C. 
     App. 456(d)(1))'' and inserting ``(50 U.S.C. 3806(d)(1))''.
       (v) Section 671(c)(1) is amended by striking ``(50 U.S.C. 
     App. 454(a))'' and inserting ``(50 U.S.C. 3803(a))''.
       (vi) Section 1475(a)(5)(B) is amended by striking ``(50 
     U.S.C. App. 451 et seq.)'' and inserting ``(50 U.S.C. 3801 et 
     seq.)''.
       (vii) Section 12103 is amended--

       (I) in subsections (b) and (d), by striking ``(50 U.S.C. 
     App. 451 et seq.)'' both places it appears and inserting 
     ``(50 U.S.C. 3801 et seq.)''; and
       (II) in subsection (d), by striking ``section 
     6(c)(2)(A)(ii) and (iii) of such Act'' and inserting 
     ``clauses (ii) and (iii) of section 6(c)(2)(A) of such Act 
     (50 U.S.C. 3806(c)(2)(A))''.

       (viii) Section 12104(a) is amended by striking ``(50 U.S.C. 
     App. 451 et seq.)'' both places it appears and inserting 
     ``(50 U.S.C. 3801 et seq.)''.
       (ix) Section 12208(a) is amended by striking ``(50 U.S.C. 
     App. 451 et seq.)'' both places it appears and inserting 
     ``(50 U.S.C. 3801 et seq.)''.
       (B) Title 37, united states code.--Section 209(a)(1) of 
     title 37, United States Code is amended by striking ``(50 
     U.S.C. App. 456(d)(1))'' and inserting ``(50 U.S.C. 
     3806(d)(1))''.
       (2) Servicemembers civil relief act citation changes.--
     Title 10, United States Code, is amended as follows:
       (A) Section 987 is amended--
       (i) in subsection (e)(2), by inserting ``(50 U.S.C. 3901 et 
     seq.)'' before the semicolon; and
       (ii) in subsection (g), by striking ``(50 U.S.C. App. 
     527)'' and inserting ``(50 U.S.C. 3937)''.
       (B) Section 1408(b)(1)(D) is amended by striking ``(50 
     U.S.C. App. 501 et seq.)'' and inserting ``(50 U.S.C. 3901 et 
     seq.)''.
       (3) Export administration act of 1979 citation changes.--
     Title 10, United States Code, is amended as follows:
       (A) Section 130(a) is amended by striking ``(50 U.S.C. App. 
     2401-2420)'' and inserting ``(50 U.S.C. 4601 et seq.)''.
       (B) Section 2249a(a)(1) is amended by striking ``(50 U.S.C. 
     App. 2405(j)(1)(A))'' and inserting ``(50 U.S.C. 
     4605(j)(1)(A))''.
       (C) Section 2327 is amended--
       (i) in subsection (a), by striking ``(50 U.S.C. App. 
     2405(j)(1)(A))'' and inserting ``(50 U.S.C. 4605(j)(1)(A))''; 
     and
       (ii) in subsection (b)(2), by striking ``(50 U.S.C. App. 
     2405(j)(1)(A))'' and inserting ``(50 U.S.C. 4605(j)(1)(A))''.
       (D) Section 2410i(a) is amended by striking ``(50 U.S.C. 
     App. 2402(5)(A))'' and inserting ``(50 U.S.C. 4602(5)(A))''.
       (E) Section 7430(e) is amended by striking ``(50 U.S.C. 
     App. 2401 et seq.)'' and inserting ``(50 U.S.C. 4601 et 
     seq.)''.
       (4) Defense production act of 1950 citation changes.--Title 
     10, United States Code, is amended as follows:
       (A) Section 139c of title 10, United States Code, is 
     amended--
       (i) in subsection (b)--

       (I) in paragraph (11), by striking ``(50 U.S.C. App. 
     2171)'' and inserting ``(50 U.S.C. 4567)''; and
       (II) in paragraph (12)--

       (aa) by striking ``(50 U.S.C. App. 2062(b))'' and inserting 
     ``(50 U.S.C. 4502(b))''; and

[[Page H2517]]

       (bb) by striking ``(50 U.S.C. App. 2061 et seq.)'' and 
     inserting ``(50 U.S.C. 4501 et seq.)''; and
       (ii) in subsection (c), by striking ``(50 U.S.C. App. 
     2170(k))'' and inserting ``(50 U.S.C. 4565(k))''.
       (B) Section 2537(c) is amended by striking ``(50 U.S.C. 
     App. 2170(a))'' and inserting ``(50 U.S.C. 4565(a))''.
       (C) Section 9511(6) is amended by striking ``(50 U.S.C. 
     App. 2071)'' and inserting ``(50 U.S.C. 4511)''.
       (D) Section 9513(e) is amended by striking ``(50 U.S.C. 
     App. 2071)'' and inserting ``(50 U.S.C. 4511)''.
       (5) Merchant ship sales act of 1946 citation changes.--
     Section 2218 of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
       (A) in subsection (c)(1)(E), by striking ``(50 U.S.C. App. 
     1744)'' and inserting ``(50 U.S.C. 4405)''; and
       (B) in subsection (k)(3)(B), by striking ``(50 U.S.C. App. 
     1744)'' and inserting ``(50 U.S.C. 4405)''.
       (c) National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 
     2016.--Effective as of November 25, 2015, and as if included 
     therein as enacted, the National Defense Authorization Act 
     for Fiscal Year 2016 (Public Law 114-92) is amended as 
     follows:
       (1) Section 563(a) is amended by striking ``Section 
     5(c)(5)'' and inserting ``Section 5(c)(2)''.
       (2) Section 883(a)(2) (129 Stat. 947) is amended by 
     striking ``such chapter'' and inserting ``chapter 131 of such 
     title''.
       (3) Section 883 (129 Stat. 942) is amended by adding at the 
     end the following new subsection:
       ``(f) Conforming Amendments.--
       ``(1) Effective on the effective date specified in 
     subsection (a)(1) of section 901 of the Carl Levin and Howard 
     P. `Buck' McKeon National Defense Authorization Act for 
     Fiscal Year 2015 (Public Law 113-291; 128 Stat. 3462; 10 
     U.S.C. 132a note), section 2222 of title 10, United States 
     Code, is amended--
       ``(A) by striking `Deputy Chief Management Officer of the 
     Department of Defense' each place it appears in subsections 
     (c)(2), (e)(1), (g)(2)(A), (g)(2)(B)(ii), and (i)(5)(B) and 
     inserting `Under Secretary of Defense for Business Management 
     and Information'; and
       ``(B) by striking `Deputy Chief Management Officer' in 
     subsection (f)(1) and inserting `Under Secretary of Defense 
     for Business Management and Information'.
       ``(2) The second paragraph (3) of section 901(k) of such 
     Act (Public Law 113-291; 128 Stat. 3468; 10 U.S.C. 2222 note) 
     is repealed.''.
       (4) Section 1079(a) is amended to read as follows:
       ``(a) Annual Report on Prizes for Advanced Technology 
     Achievements.--Section 2374a of title 10, United States Code, 
     is amended--
       ``(1) by striking subsection (f); and
       ``(2) by redesignating subsection (g) as subsection (f).''.
       (5) Section 1086(f)(11)(A) is amended by striking ``Not 
     later than\ one year'' and inserting ``Not later than one 
     year''.
       (d) Coordination With Other Amendments Made by This Act.--
     For purposes of applying amendments made by provisions of 
     this Act other than this section, the amendments made by this 
     section shall be treated as having been enacted immediately 
     before any such amendments by other provisions of this Act.

     SEC. 1082. MODIFICATION TO SUPPORT FOR NON-FEDERAL 
                   DEVELOPMENT AND TESTING OF MATERIAL FOR 
                   CHEMICAL AGENT DEFENSE.

       Section 1034 of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
     Fiscal Year 2008 (Public Law 110-181) is amended--
       (1) in subsection (d)--
       (A) by striking ``report on the use of the authority under 
     subsection (a)'' and all that follows and inserting ``report 
     that includes--''
       ``(A) a description of--
       ``(i) each use of the authority under subsection (a); and
       ``(ii) for each such use, the specific material made 
     available and to whom it was made available; and
       ``(B) a description of--
       ``(i) any instance in which the Department of Defense made 
     available to a State, a unit of local government, or a 
     private entity any biological select agent or toxin for the 
     development or testing of any biodefense technology; and
       ``(ii) for each such instance, the specific material made 
     available and to whom it was made available.''; and
       (B) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
       ``(3) The requirement to submit a report under paragraph 
     (1) shall terminate on January 31, 2021.''; and
       (2) in subsection (e), by striking ``this section'' and all 
     that follows and inserting ``this section:''
       ``(1) The terms `precursor', `protective purposes', and 
     `toxic chemical' have the meanings given those terms in the 
     convention referred to in subsection (c), in paragraph 2, 
     paragraph 9(b), and paragraph 1, respectively, of article II 
     of that convention.
       ``(2) The term `biological select agent or toxin' means any 
     agent or toxin identified under any of the following:
       ``(A) Section 331.3 of title 7, Code of Federal 
     Regulations.
       ``(B) Section 121.3 or section 121.4 of title 9, Code of 
     Federal Regulations.
       ``(C) Section 73.3 or section 73.4 of title 42, Code of 
     Federal Regulations.''.

     SEC. 1083. INCREASE IN MAXIMUM AMOUNT AVAILABLE FOR 
                   EQUIPMENT, SERVICES, AND SUPPLIES PROVIDED FOR 
                   HUMANITARIAN DEMINING ASSISTANCE.

       Section 407(c)(3) of title 10, United States Code, is 
     amended by striking ``$10,000,000'' and inserting 
     ``$15,000,000''.

     SEC. 1084. LIQUIDATION OF UNPAID CREDITS ACCRUED AS A RESULT 
                   OF TRANSACTIONS UNDER A CROSS-SERVICING 
                   AGREEMENT.

       (a) Liquidation of Unpaid Credits.--Section 2345 of title 
     10, United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the 
     following new subsection:
       ``(c)(1) Any credits of the United States accrued as a 
     result of the provision of logistic support, supplies, and 
     services under the authority of this subchapter that remain 
     unliquidated more than 18 months after the date of delivery 
     of the logistic support, supplies, or services may, at the 
     option of the Secretary of Defense, with the concurrence of 
     the Secretary of State, be liquidated by offsetting the 
     credits against any amount owed by the Department of Defense, 
     pursuant to a transaction or transactions concluded under the 
     authority of this subchapter, to the government or 
     international organization to which the logistic support, 
     supplies, or services were provided by the United States.
       ``(2) The amount of any credits offset pursuant to 
     paragraph (1) shall be credited as specified in section 2346 
     of this title as if it were a receipt of the United 
     States.''.
       (b) Effective Date.--Subsection (c) of section 2345 of 
     title 10, United States Code, as added by subsection (a), 
     shall apply with respect to credits accrued by the United 
     States that--
       (1) were accrued prior to, and remain unpaid as of, the 
     date of the enactment of this Act; or
       (2) are accrued after the date of the enactment of this 
     Act.

     SEC. 1085. CLARIFICATION OF CONTRACTS COVERED BY AIRLIFT 
                   SERVICE PROVISION.

       Section 9516 of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
     adding at the end the following new subsection:
       ``(f) Contract for Airlift Service Defined.--In this 
     section, the term `contract for airlift service' means--
       ``(1) a contract with the Department of Defense for airlift 
     service;
       ``(2) any contract with the Department of Defense other 
     than a contract described in paragraph (1), if transportation 
     services are used in the performance of the contract; or
       ``(3) any subcontract (at any tier) under a contract 
     described in paragraph (1) or (2) if the subcontract is for 
     airlift service or if transportation services are used in the 
     performance of the subcontract.''.

     SEC. 1086. NATIONAL BIODEFENSE STRATEGY.

       (a) Strategy and Implementation Plan Required.--The 
     Secretary of Defense, the Secretary of Health and Human 
     Services, the Secretary of Homeland Security, and the 
     Secretary of Agriculture shall jointly develop a national 
     biodefense strategy and associated implementation plan, which 
     shall include a review and assessment of biodefense policies, 
     practices, programs and initiatives. Such Secretaries shall 
     review and, as appropriate, revise the strategy biennially.
       (b) Elements.--The strategy and associated implementation 
     plan required under subsection (a) shall include each of the 
     following:
       (1) An inventory and assessment of all existing strategies, 
     plans, policies, laws, and interagency agreements related to 
     biodefense, including prevention, deterrence, preparedness, 
     detection, response, attribution, recovery, and mitigation.
       (2) A description of the biological threats, including 
     biological warfare, bioterrorism, naturally occurring 
     infectious diseases, and accidental exposures.
       (3) A description of the current programs, efforts, or 
     activities of the United States Government with respect to 
     preventing the acquisition, proliferation, and use of a 
     biological weapon, preventing an accidental or naturally 
     occurring biological outbreak, and mitigating the effects of 
     a biological epidemic.
       (4) A description of the roles and responsibilities of the 
     Executive Agencies, including internal and external 
     coordination procedures, in identifying and sharing 
     information related to, warning of, and protection against, 
     acts of terrorism using biological agents and weapons and 
     accidental or naturally occurring biological outbreaks.
       (5) An articulation of related or required interagency 
     capabilities and whole-of-Government activities required to 
     support the national biodefense strategy.
       (6) Recommendations for strengthening and improving the 
     current biodefense capabilities, authorities, and command 
     structures of the United States Government.
       (7) Recommendations for improving and formalizing 
     interagency coordination and support mechanisms with respect 
     to providing a robust national biodefense.
       (8) Any other matters the Secretary of Defense, the 
     Secretary of Health and Human Services, the Secretary of 
     Homeland Security, and the Secretary of Agriculture determine 
     necessary.
       (c) Submittal to Congress.--Not later than 275 days after 
     the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of 
     Defense, the Secretary of Health and Human Services, the 
     Secretary of Homeland Security, and the Secretary of 
     Agriculture shall submit to the appropriate congressional 
     committees the strategy and associated implementation plan 
     required by subsection (a). The strategy and implementation 
     plan shall be submitted in unclassified form, but may include 
     a classified annex.
       (d) Briefings.--Not later than March 1, 2017, and annually 
     thereafter until March 1, 2019, the Secretary of Defense, the 
     Secretary of Health and Human Services, the Secretary of 
     Homeland Security, and the Secretary of Agriculture shall 
     provide to the Committee on Armed Services of the House of 
     Representatives, the Committee on Energy and Commerce of the 
     House of Representatives, the Committee on Homeland Security 
     of the House of Representatives, and the

[[Page H2518]]

     Committee on Agriculture of the House of Representatives a 
     joint briefing on the strategy developed under subsection (a) 
     and the status of the implementation of such strategy.
       (e) GAO Review.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
     the submittal of the strategy and implementation plan under 
     subsection (c), the Comptroller General of the United States 
     shall conduct a review of the strategy and implementation 
     plan to analyze gaps and resources mapped against the 
     requirements of the National Biodefense Strategy and existing 
     United States biodefense policy documents.
       (f) Appropriate Congressional Committees Defined.--In this 
     section, the term ``appropriate congressional committees'' 
     means the following:
       (1) The congressional defense committees.
       (2) The Committee on Energy and Commerce of the House of 
     Representatives and the Committee on Health, Education, 
     Labor, and Pensions of the Senate.
       (3) The Committee on Homeland Security of the House of 
     Representatives and the Committee on Homeland Security and 
     Governmental Affairs of the Senate.
       (4) The Committee on Agriculture of the House of 
     Representatives and the Committee on Agriculture, Nutrition, 
     and Forestry of the Senate.

     SEC. 1087. GLOBAL CULTURAL KNOWLEDGE NETWORK.

       (a) Program Authorized.--The Secretary of the Army shall 
     carry out a program to support the socio-cultural 
     understanding needs of the Department of the Army, to be 
     known as the Global Cultural Knowledge Network.
       (b) Goals.--The Global Cultural Knowledge Network shall 
     support the following goals:
       (1) Provide socio-cultural analysis support to any unit 
     deployed, or preparing to deploy, to an exercise or operation 
     in the assigned region of responsibility of the unit being 
     supported.
       (2) Make recommendations or support policy development to 
     increase the social science expertise of military and 
     civilian personnel of the Department of the Army.
       (3) Provide reimbursable support to other military 
     departments or Federal agencies if requested through an 
     operational needs request process.
       (c) Elements of the Program.--The Global Cultural Knowledge 
     Network shall include the following elements:
       (1) A center in the continental United States (referred to 
     in this section as a ``reach-back center'') to support 
     requests for information and analysis.
       (2) Outreach to academic institutions and other Federal 
     agencies involved in social science research to increase the 
     network of resources for the reach-back center.
       (3) Training with operational units during annual training 
     exercises or during pre-deployment training.
       (4) The training, contracting, and human resources capacity 
     to rapidly respond to contingencies in which social science 
     expertise is requested by operational commanders through an 
     operational needs request process.
       (d) Directive Required.--The Secretary of the Army shall 
     issue a directive within one year after the date of the 
     enactment of this Act for the governance of the Global 
     Cultural Knowledge Network, including oversight and process 
     controls for auditing the activities of personnel of the 
     Network, the employment of the Global Cultural Knowledge 
     Network by operation forces, and processes for requesting 
     support by operational Army units and other Department of 
     Defense and Federal entities.
       (e) Prohibition on Deployments Under Global Cultural 
     Knowledge Network.--
       (1) Prohibition.--The Secretary of the Army may not deploy 
     social scientists in a conflict zone.
       (2) Waiver.--The Secretary of the Army may waive the 
     prohibition in paragraph (1) if the Secretary submits, at 
     least 10 days before the deployment, to the Committees on 
     Armed Services of the House of Representatives and the 
     Senate--
       (A) notice of the waiver; and
       (B) a certification that there is a compelling national 
     security interest for the deployment or there will be a 
     benefit to the safety and welfare of members of the Armed 
     Forces from the deployment.
       (3) Elements of waiver notice.--A waiver notice under this 
     subsection also shall include the following:
       (A) The operational unit, or units, requesting support, 
     including the location or locations where the social 
     scientists are to be deployed.
       (B) The number of Global Cultural Knowledge Network 
     personnel to be deployed and the anticipated duration of such 
     deployments.
       (C) The anticipated resource needs for such deployment.

     SEC. 1088. MODIFICATION OF REQUIREMENTS RELATING TO 
                   MANAGEMENT OF MILITARY TECHNICIANS.

       (a) Conversion of Certain Military Technician (dual Status) 
     Positions.--Subsection (a) of section 1053 of the National 
     Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2016 (Public Law 
     114-92; 129 Stat. 981; 10 U.S.C. 10216 note) is amended--
       (1) by striking paragraph (1) and inserting the following 
     new paragraph (1):
       ``(1) In general.--By not later than October 1, 2017, the 
     Secretary of Defense shall convert not fewer than 20 percent 
     of all military technician positions to positions filled by 
     individuals who are employed under section 3101 of title 5, 
     United States Code, or section 1601 of title 10, United 
     States Code, or serving under section 328 of title 32, United 
     States Code, and are not military technicians. The positions 
     to be converted are described in paragraph (2).'';
       (2) in paragraph (2), by striking ``in the report'' and all 
     that follows and inserting ``by the Army Reserve, the Air 
     Force Reserve, the National Guard Bureau, and the State 
     adjutants general in the course of reviewing all military 
     technician positions for purposes of implementing this 
     section.''; and
       (3) in paragraph (3), by striking ``may fill'' and 
     inserting ``shall fill''.
       (b) Conversion of Army Reserve, Air Force Reserve, and 
     National Guard Non-dual Status Positions.--Subsection (e) of 
     section 10217 of title 10, United States Code, is amended is 
     amended to read as follows:
       ``(e) Conversion of Positions.--(1) No individual may be 
     newly hired or employed, or rehired or reemployed, as a non-
     dual status technician for purposes of this section after 
     September 30, 2017.
       ``(2) On October 1, 2017, the Secretary of Defense shall 
     convert all non-dual status technicians to positions filled 
     by individuals who are employed under section 3101 of title 5 
     or section 1601 of this title and are not military 
     technicians.
       ``(3) In the case of a position converted under paragraph 
     (2) for which there is an incumbent employee on October 1, 
     2017, the Secretary shall fill that position, as converted, 
     with the incumbent employee without regard to any requirement 
     concerning competition or competitive hiring procedures.
       ``(4) Any individual newly hired or employed, or rehired or 
     employed, to a position required to be filled by reason of 
     paragraph (1) shall an individual employed in such position 
     under section 3101 of title 5 or section 1601 of this 
     title.''.
       (c) Report on Conversion of Military Technician Positions 
     to Personnel Performing Active Guard and Reserve Duty.--
       (1) In general.--Not later than March 1, 2017, the 
     Secretary of Defense, shall in consultation with the Chief of 
     the National Guard Bureau, submit to the Committees on Armed 
     Services of the Senate and the House of Representatives a 
     report on the feasibility and advisability of converting any 
     remaining military technicians (dual status) to personnel 
     performing active Guard and Reserve duty under section 328 of 
     title 32, United States Code, or other applicable provisions 
     of law. The report shall include the following:
       (A) An analysis of the fully-burdened costs of the 
     conversion taking into account the new modernized military 
     retirement system.
       (B) An assessment of the ratio of members of the Armed 
     Forces performing active Guard and Reserve duty and civilian 
     employees of the Department of Defense under title 5, United 
     States Code, required to best contribute to the readiness of 
     the National Guard and the Reserves.
       (2) Active guard and reserve duty defined.--In this 
     subsection, the term ``active Guard and Reserve duty'' has 
     the meaning given that term in section 101(d)(6) of title 10, 
     United States Code.

     SEC. 1089. SENSE OF CONGRESS REGARDING CONNECTICUT'S 
                   SUBMARINE CENTURY.

       (a) Findings.--Congress makes the following findings:
       (1) On March 2, 1867, Congress enacted a naval 
     appropriations Act that authorized the Secretary of the Navy 
     to ``receive and accept a deed of gift, when offered by the 
     State of Connecticut, of a tract of land with not less than 
     one mile of shore front on the Thames River near New London, 
     Connecticut, to be held by the United States for naval 
     purposes''.
       (2) The people of Connecticut and the towns and cities in 
     the southeastern region of Connecticut subsequently gifted 
     land to establish a military installation to fulfil the 
     Nation's need for a naval facility on the Atlantic coast.
       (3) On April 11, 1868, the Navy accepted the deed of gift 
     of land from Connecticut to establish a naval yard and 
     storage depot along the eastern shore of the Thames River in 
     Groton, Connecticut;
       (4) Between 1868 and 1912, the New London Navy Yard 
     supported a diverse range of missions, including berthing 
     inactive Civil War era ironclad warships and serving as a 
     coaling station for refueling naval ships traveling in New 
     England waters.
       (5) Congress rejected the Navy's proposal to close New 
     London Navy Yard in 1912, following an impassioned effort by 
     Congressman Edwin W. Higgins, who stated that ``this action 
     proposed is not only unjust but unreasonable and unsound as a 
     military proposition''.
       (6) The outbreak of World War I and the enemy use of 
     submarines to sink allied military and civilian ships in the 
     Atlantic sparked a new focus on developing submarine 
     capabilities in the United States.
       (7) October 18, 1915, marked the arrival at the New London 
     Navy Yard of the submarines G-1, G-2, and G-4 under the care 
     of the tender U.S.S. OZARK, soon followed by the arrival of 
     submarines E-1, D-1, and D-3 under the care of the tender 
     U.S.S. TONOPAH, and on November 1, 1915, the arrival of the 
     first ship built as a submarine tender, the U.S.S. FULTON 
     (AS-1).
       (8) On June 21, 1916, Commander Yeates Stirling assumed the 
     command of the newly designated Naval Submarine Base New 
     London, the New London Submarine Flotilla, and the Submarine 
     School;
       (9) In the 100 years since the arrival of the first 
     submarines to the base, Naval Submarine Base New London has 
     grown to occupy more than 680 acres along the east side of 
     the Thames River, with more than 160 major facilities, 15 
     nuclear submarines, and more than 70 tenant commands and 
     activities, including the Submarine Learning Center, Naval 
     Submarine School, the Naval Submarine Medical Research 
     Laboratory, the Naval Undersea Medical Institute, and the 
     newly established Undersea Warfighting Development Center.
       (10) In addition to being the site of the first submarine 
     base in the United States, Connecticut was home to the 
     foremost submarine manufacturers of the time, the Lake 
     Torpedo

[[Page H2519]]

     Boat Company in Bridgeport and the Electric Boat Company in 
     Groton, which later became General Dynamics Electric Boat.
       (11) General Dynamics Electric Boat, its talented 
     workforce, and its Connecticut-based and nationwide network 
     of suppliers have delivered more than 200 submarines from its 
     current location in Groton, Connecticut, including the first 
     nuclear-powered submarine, the U.S.S. NAUTILUS (SSN 571), and 
     nearly half of the nuclear submarines ever built by the 
     United States.
       (12) The Submarine Force Library and Museum, located 
     adjacent to Naval Submarine Base New London in Groton, 
     Connecticut, is the only submarine museum operated by the 
     United States Navy and today serves as the primary repository 
     for artifacts, documents, and photographs relating to the 
     bold and courageous history of the Submarine Force and 
     highlights as its core exhibit the Historic Ship NAUTILUS 
     (SSN 571) following her retirement from service.
       (13) Reflecting the close ties between Connecticut and the 
     Navy that began with the gift of land that established the 
     base, the State of Connecticut has set aside $40,000,000 in 
     funding for critical infrastructure investments to support 
     the mission of the base, including construction of a new dive 
     locker building, expansion of the Submarine Learning Center, 
     and modernization of energy infrastructure.
       (14) On September 29, 2015, Connecticut Governor Dannel 
     Malloy designated October 2015 through October 2016 as 
     Connecticut's Submarine Century, a year-long observance that 
     celebrates 100 years of submarine activity in Connecticut, 
     including the Town of Groton's distinction as the Submarine 
     Capital of the World, to coincide with the centennial 
     anniversary of the establishment of Naval Submarine Base New 
     London and the Naval Submarine School.
       (15) Whereas Naval Submarine Base New London still proudly 
     proclaims its motto of ``The First and Finest''.
       (16) Congressman Higgins' statement before Congress in 1912 
     that ``Connecticut stands ready, as she always has, to bear 
     her part of the burdens of the national defense'' remains 
     true today.
       (b) Sense of Congress.--Congress--
       (1) commends the longstanding dedication and contribution 
     to the Navy and submarine force by the people of Connecticut, 
     both through the initial deed of gift that established what 
     would become Naval Submarine Base New London and through 
     their ongoing commitment to support the mission of the base 
     and the Navy personnel assigned to it;
       (2) honors the submariners who have trained and served at 
     Naval Submarine Base New London throughout its history in 
     support of the Nation's security and undersea superiority;
       (3) recognizes the contribution of the industry and 
     workforce of Connecticut in designing, building, and 
     sustaining the Navy's submarine fleet; and
       (4) encourages the recognition of Connecticut's Submarine 
     Century by Congress, the Navy, and the American people by 
     honoring the contribution of the people of Connecticut to the 
     defense of the United States and the important role of the 
     submarine force in safeguarding the security of the United 
     States for more than a century.

     SEC. 1090. LNG PERMITTING CERTAINTY AND TRANSPARENCY.

       (a) Action on Applications.--
       (1) Decision deadline.--For proposals that must also obtain 
     authorization from the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission 
     or the United States Maritime Administration to site, 
     construct, expand, or operate LNG export facilities, the 
     Department of Energy shall issue a final decision on any 
     application for the authorization to export natural gas under 
     section 3 of the Natural Gas Act (15 U.S.C. 717b) not later 
     than 30 days after the later of--
       (A) the conclusion of the review to site, construct, 
     expand, or operate the LNG facilities required by the 
     National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 (42 U.S.C. 4321 et 
     seq.); or
       (B) the date of enactment of this Act.
       (2) Conclusion of review.--For purposes of paragraph (1), 
     review required by the National Environmental Policy Act of 
     1969 shall be considered concluded--
       (A) for a project requiring an Environmental Impact 
     Statement, 30 days after publication of a Final Environmental 
     Impact Statement;
       (B) for a project for which an Environmental Assessment has 
     been prepared, 30 days after publication by the Department of 
     Energy of a Finding of No Significant Impact; and
       (C) upon a determination by the lead agency that an 
     application is eligible for a categorical exclusion pursuant 
     National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 implementing 
     regulations.
       (3) Judicial action.--(A) The United States Court of 
     Appeals for the circuit in which the export facility will be 
     located pursuant to an application described in paragraph (1) 
     shall have original jurisdiction over any civil action for 
     the review of--
       (i) an order issued by the Department of Energy with 
     respect to such application; or
       (ii) the Department of Energy's failure to issue a final 
     decision on such application.
       (B) If the Court in a civil action described in 
     subparagraph (A) finds that the Department of Energy has 
     failed to issue a final decision on the application as 
     required under paragraph (1), the Court shall order the 
     Department of Energy to issue such final decision not later 
     than 30 days after the Court's order.
       (C) The Court shall set any civil action brought under this 
     paragraph for expedited consideration and shall set the 
     matter on the docket as soon as practical after the filing 
     date of the initial pleading.
       (b) Public Disclosure of Export Destinations.--Section 3 of 
     the Natural Gas Act (15 U.S.C. 717b) is amended by adding at 
     the end the following:
       ``(g) Public Disclosure of LNG Export Destinations.--As a 
     condition for approval of any authorization to export LNG, 
     the Secretary of Energy shall require the applicant to 
     publicly disclose the specific destination or destinations of 
     any such authorized LNG exports.''.

     SEC. 1091. SENSE OF CONGRESS REGARDING THE REPORTING OF THE 
                   MV-22 MISHAP IN MARANA, ARIZONA, ON APRIL 8, 
                   2000.

       It is the sense of Congress that--
       (1) in the report accompanying H.R. 1735 of the 114th 
     Congress (House Report 114-102), the Committee on Armed 
     Services of the House of Representatives encouraged the 
     Secretary of Defense to ``publicly clarify the causes of the 
     MV-22 mishap at Marana Northwest Regional Airport, Arizona, 
     in a way consistent with the results of all investigations as 
     soon as possible'';
       (2) the Deputy Secretary of Defense Robert O. Work did an 
     excellent job reviewing the investigations of such mishap and 
     concluded that there was a misrepresentation of facts by the 
     media which incorrectly identified pilot error as the cause 
     of the mishap which the Deputy Secretary publicly made known 
     in March 2016; and
       (3) Congress is grateful for the successful conclusion to 
     this tragic situation.

     SEC. 1092. TRANSFER OF SURPLUS FIREARMS TO CORPORATION FOR 
                   THE PROMOTION OF RIFLE PRACTICE AND FIREARMS 
                   SAFETY.

       (a) In General.--Section 40728(h) of title 36, United 
     States Code, is amended--
       (1) by striking ``(1) Subject to paragraph (2), the 
     Secretary may transfer'' and inserting ``The Secretary shall 
     transfer'';
       (2) by striking ``The Secretary shall determine a 
     reasonable schedule for the transfer of such surplus 
     pistols.''; and
       (3) by striking paragraph (2).
       (b) Pilot Program.--Section 1087 of National Defense 
     Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2016 (Public Law 114-92; 
     129 Stat. 1012) is amended--
       (1) in subsection (b)(1)--
       (A) by striking ``may'' each place it appears and inserting 
     ``shall''; and
       (B) by striking ``not more than 10,000''; and
       (2) by striking subsection (c).

     SEC. 1093. SENSE OF CONGRESS REGARDING THE IMPORTANCE OF 
                   PANAMA CITY, FLORIDA, TO THE HISTORY AND FUTURE 
                   OF THE ARMED FORCES.

       (a) Findings.--Congress makes the following findings:
       (1) On December 6, 1941--one day before the attack on Pearl 
     Harbor--the War Department established Tyndall Field as an 
     Army Air Force gunnery school in Panama City, Florida.
       (2) Tyndall Field was named in honor of native Floridian 
     Lieutenant Francis B. Tyndall, who received the U.S. Air 
     Force flying ace designation for his service in the First 
     World War.
       (3) Tyndall Field became an important center for aerial 
     gunnery training during the Second World War, hosting 
     training missions using aircraft including A-33, 0-47, AT-6, 
     Martin B-26 Marauders, and B-17 bombers.
       (4) On January 13, 1948, Tyndall Field became Tyndall Air 
     Force Base and was an active site for air training and 
     defense throughout the Cold War.
       (5) Tyndall AFB is now home to the First Air Force as well 
     as the 325th Fighter Wing Headquarters and their F-22 
     Raptors.
       (6) The 325th Fighter Wing has been instrumental to 
     national security at such crucial junctures as the Cuban 
     Missile Crisis, throughout the Cold War, and more recently in 
     intercepting unidentified aircraft and supporting anti-
     smuggling efforts.
       (7) On July 20, 1945, the Navy Mine Countermeasure Station 
     was established in Panama City.
       (8) The Navy Mine Countermeasure Station developed into the 
     Naval Support Activity Panama City (NSAPC), which has 
     faithfully carried out its mission since its inception and 
     continues to support the crucial efforts and important 
     research of tenant command organizations such as the Naval 
     Surface Warfare Center: Panama City Division (NSWC PCD) and 
     the Navy Experimental Diving Unit (NEDU).
       (9) Research performed at NSWC PCD has been integral to 
     equipping the Navy with the personnel and technology 
     necessary to maintaining its status as the world's greatest 
     and most technologically advanced.
       (10) NSWC PCD's newest facility, the Littoral Warfare 
     Research Facility, is one of the Navy's major research, 
     development, test, and evaluation laboratories and where 
     standards for weapons integration on Littoral Combat Ships 
     are often developed.
       (11) NEDU is a global hub of research, development, and 
     testing for undersea operations.
       (12) During the Second World War, the Wainwright Shipyard 
     in Panama City built over 100 vessels for the war effort and 
     employed over 15,000 people.
       (13) Panama City's shipbuilding legacy continues as home to 
     one of today's most prolific domestic shipbuilders, Eastern 
     Shipbuilding.
       (14) The Department of Defense is the largest employer in 
     Panama City, where many of the residents and their relatives 
     have proudly served in the Armed Forces for generations.
       (b) Sense of Congress.--Congress--
       (1) commends the longstanding dedication and contribution 
     to the Armed Forces by the people of Panama City, both 
     through the legacy of naval shipbuilding and through their 
     ongoing commitment to support the mission of Panama City's 
     military installations and the personnel assigned to them;
       (2) honors the members of the Armed Forces who have trained 
     and served at the several military installations in and 
     around Panama City;
       (3) recognizes the contribution of the industry and 
     workforce of Panama City to naval shipbuilding; and
       (4) encourages the recognition of the importance of Panama 
     City to the history of the

[[Page H2520]]

     Armed Forces by Congress, the Air Force, the Navy, and the 
     American people by honoring the contribution of the people of 
     Panama City to the defense of the United States.

     SEC. 1094. PROTECTIONS RELATING TO CIVIL RIGHTS AND 
                   DISABILITIES.

       Any branch or agency of the Federal Government shall, with 
     respect to any religious corporation, religious association, 
     religious educational institution, or religious society that 
     is a recipient of or offeror for a Federal Government 
     contract, subcontract, grant, purchase order, or cooperative 
     agreement, provide protections and exemptions consistent with 
     sections 702(a) and 703(e)(2) of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 
     (42 U.S.C. 2000e-1(a) and 42 U.S.C. 2000e-2(e)(2)) and 
     section 103(d) of the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 
     (42 U.S.C. 12113(d)).

     SEC. 1095. NONAPPLICABILITY OF CERTAIN EXECUTIVE ORDER TO 
                   DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE AND NATIONAL NUCLEAR 
                   SECURITY ADMINISTRATION.

       The provisions of Executive Order 13673 and any 
     implementing rules or regulations shall not apply to the 
     acquisition, contracting, contract administration, source 
     selection, or any other activities of the Department of 
     Defense or the National Nuclear Security Administration. The 
     Secretary of Defense and the Administrator for Nuclear 
     Security may not issue, or be required to comply with, any 
     policy, guidance, or rules to carry out such executive order 
     or otherwise implement any provision of such executive order 
     or any related implementation rules or regulations.

     SEC. 1096. DETERMINATION AND DISCLOSURE OF TRANSPORTATION 
                   COSTS INCURRED BY SECRETARY OF DEFENSE FOR 
                   CONGRESSIONAL TRIPS OUTSIDE THE UNITED STATES.

       (a) Determination and Disclosure of Costs by Secretary.--In 
     the case of a trip taken by a Member, officer, or employee of 
     the House of Representatives or Senate in carrying out 
     official duties outside the United States for which the 
     Department of Defense provides transportation, the Secretary 
     of Defense shall--
       (1) determine the cost of the transportation provided with 
     respect to the Member, officer, or employee; and
       (2) provide the Member, officer, or employee with a written 
     statement of the cost not later than 10 days after completion 
     of the trip involved.
       (b) Inclusion of Information in Travel Reports.--Any 
     Member, officer, or employee of the House of Representatives 
     or Senate who takes a trip to which subsection (a) applies 
     shall include the information contained in the written 
     statement provided to the Member, officer, or employee under 
     subsection (a)(2) with respect to the trip in any report that 
     the Member, officer, or employee is required to file with 
     respect to the trip under any provision of law and under any 
     provision of the Rules of the House of Representatives or the 
     Standing Rules of the Senate (as the case may be).
       (c) Exceptions.--This section does not apply with respect 
     to any trip the sole purpose of which is to visit one or more 
     United States military installations or to visit United 
     States military personnel in a war zone (or both).
       (d) Definitions.--In this section:
       (1) Member.--The term ``Member'', with respect to the House 
     of Representatives, includes a Delegate or Resident 
     Commissioner to the Congress.
       (2) United states.--The term ``United States'' means the 
     several States, the District of Columbia, the Commonwealth of 
     Puerto Rico, the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana 
     Islands, the Virgin Islands, Guam, American Samoa, and any 
     other territory or possession of the United States.
       (e) Effective Date.--This section shall apply with respect 
     to trips taken on or after the date of the enactment of this 
     Act, except that this section does not apply with respect to 
     any trip which began prior to such date.

     SEC. 1097. WAIVER OF CERTAIN POLYGRAPH EXAMINATION 
                   REQUIREMENTS.

       The Secretary of Homeland Security, acting through the 
     Commissioner of U.S. Customs and Border Protection, may waive 
     the polygraph examination requirement under section 3 of the 
     Anti-Border Corruption Act of 2010 (Public Law 111-376) for 
     any applicant who--
       (1) the Commissioner determines is suitable for employment;
       (2) holds a current, active Top Secret clearance and is 
     able to access sensitive compartmented information;
       (3) has a current single scope background investigation;
       (4) was not granted any waivers to obtain the clearance; 
     and
       (5) is a veteran (as such term is defined in section 2108 
     or 2109a of title 5, United States Code).

                  TITLE XI--CIVILIAN PERSONNEL MATTERS

     SEC. 1101. TEMPORARY DIRECT HIRE AUTHORITY FOR DOMESTIC 
                   DEFENSE INDUSTRIAL BASE FACILITIES AND THE 
                   MAJOR RANGE AND TEST FACILITIES BASE.

       (a) Authority.--During fiscal years 2017 and 2018, the 
     Secretary of Defense may appoint, without regard to the 
     provisions of subchapter I of chapter 33 of title 5, United 
     States Code, other than sections 3303 and 3328 of such title, 
     qualified candidates to positions in the competitive service 
     at any defense industrial base facility or the Major Range 
     and Test Facilities Base.
       (b) Report.--Not later than 60 days after the end of fiscal 
     year 2018, the Secretary of Defense shall submit a report to 
     the Committees on Armed Services of the House of 
     Representatives and the Senate on the use of the authority 
     provided under subsection (a). Such report shall include the 
     total number of individuals appointed under such authority 
     and the effectiveness of such authority in fulfilling the 
     manpower needs of the defense industrial base facilities or 
     the Major Range and Test Facilities Base.
       (c) Definition.--In this section, the term ``defense 
     industrial base facility'' means any Department of Defense 
     depot, arsenal, or shipyard located within the United States.

     SEC. 1102. TEMPORARY PERSONNEL FLEXIBILITIES FOR DOMESTIC 
                   DEFENSE INDUSTRIAL BASE FACILITIES AND MAJOR 
                   RANGE AND TEST FACILITIES BASE CIVILIAN 
                   PERSONNEL.

       (a) In General.--Notwithstanding chapter 33 of title 5, 
     United States Code, or any other provision of law relating to 
     the examination, certification, and appointment of 
     individuals in the competitive service, during fiscal years 
     2017 and 2018, an employee of a defense industrial base 
     facility or the Major Range and Test Facilities Base serving 
     under a time-limited appointment in the competitive service 
     is eligible to compete for a permanent appointment in the 
     competitive service at (A) any such facility, Base, or any 
     other component of the Department of Defense when such 
     facility, Base, or component (as the case may be) is 
     accepting applications from individuals within the facility, 
     Base, or component's workforce under merit promotion 
     procedures, or (B) any agency when the agency is accepting 
     applications from individuals outside its own workforce under 
     merit promotion procedures of the applicable agency, if--
       (1) the employee was appointed initially under open, 
     competitive examination under subchapter I of chapter 33 of 
     such title to the time-limited appointment;
       (2) the employee has served under 1 or more time-limited 
     appointments by a defense industrial base facility or the 
     Major Range and Test Facilities Base for a period or periods 
     totaling more than 24 months without a break of 2 or more 
     years; and
       (3) the employee's performance has been at an acceptable 
     level of performance throughout the period or periods (as the 
     case may be) referred to in paragraph (2).
       (b) Waiver of Age Requirement.--In determining the 
     eligibility of a time-limited employee under this section to 
     be examined for or appointed in the competitive service, the 
     Office of Personnel Management or other examining agency 
     shall waive requirements as to age, unless the requirement is 
     essential to the performance of the duties of the position.
       (c) Status.--An individual appointed under this section--
       (1) becomes a career-conditional employee, unless the 
     employee has otherwise completed the service requirements for 
     career tenure; and
       (2) acquires competitive status upon appointment.
       (d) Former Employees.--A former employee of a defense 
     industrial base facility or the Major Range and Test 
     Facilities Base who served under a time-limited appointment 
     and who otherwise meets the requirements of this section 
     shall be deemed a time-limited employee for purposes of this 
     section if--
       (1) such employee applies for a position covered by this 
     section within the period of 2 years after the most recent 
     date of separation; and
       (2) such employee's most recent separation was for reasons 
     other than misconduct or performance.
       (e) Definition.--In this section, the term ``defense 
     industrial base facility'' means any Department of Defense 
     depot, arsenal, or shipyard located within the United States.

     SEC. 1103. ONE-YEAR EXTENSION OF TEMPORARY AUTHORITY TO GRANT 
                   ALLOWANCES, BENEFITS, AND GRATUITIES TO 
                   CIVILIAN PERSONNEL ON OFFICIAL DUTY IN A COMBAT 
                   ZONE.

       Paragraph (2) of section 1603(a) of the Emergency 
     Supplemental Appropriations Act for Defense, the Global War 
     on Terror, and Hurricane Recovery, 2006 (Public Law 109-234; 
     120 Stat. 443), as added by section 1102 of the Duncan Hunter 
     National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2009 
     (Public Law 110-417; 122 Stat. 4616) and as most recently 
     amended by section 1102 of the National Defense Authorization 
     Act for Fiscal Year 2016 (Public Law 114-92; 129 Stat. 1022), 
     is further amended by striking ``2017'' and inserting 
     ``2018''.

     SEC. 1104. ADVANCE PAYMENTS FOR EMPLOYEES RELOCATING WITHIN 
                   THE UNITED STATES AND ITS TERRITORIES.

       (a) In General.--Subsection (a) of section 5524a of title 
     5, United States Code, is amended--
       (1) by striking ``(a) The head'' and inserting ``(a)(1) The 
     head''; and
       (2) by adding at the end the following:
       ``(2) The head of each agency may provide for the advance 
     payment of basic pay, covering not more than 6 pay periods, 
     to an employee who is assigned to a position in the agency 
     that is located--
       ``(A) outside of the employee's commuting area; and
       ``(B) in the United States, the Commonwealth of Puerto 
     Rico, the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, or 
     any territory or possession of the United States.''.
       (b) Conforming Amendments.--Subsection (b) of such section 
     is amended--
       (1) in paragraph (1), by inserting ``or assigned'' after 
     ``appointed''; and
       (2) in paragraph (2)(B)--
       (A) by inserting ``or assignment'' after ``appointment''; 
     and
       (B) by inserting ``or assigned'' after ``appointed''.
       (c) Clerical Amendments.--
       (1) Section heading.--The heading of such section is 
     amended by inserting ``and employees relocating within the 
     United States and its territories'' after ``appointees''.
       (2) Table of sections.--The item relating to such section 
     in the table of sections of chapter 55 of such title is 
     amended to read as follows:

``5524a. Advance payments for new appointees and employees relocating 
              within the United States and its territories.''.

[[Page H2521]]

  


     SEC. 1105. PERMANENT AUTHORITY FOR ALTERNATIVE PERSONNEL 
                   PROGRAM FOR SCIENTIFIC AND TECHNICAL PERSONNEL.

       (a) Permanent Authority and Codification.--Chapter 81 of 
     title 10, United States Code, is amended by inserting after 
     section 1589 a new section 1590 consisting of--
       (1) a heading as follows:

     ``Sec. 1590. Alternative personnel program for scientific and 
       technical personnel''; and

       (2) a text consisting of the text of subsection (a), (b), 
     (c), and (d) of section 1101 of the Strom Thurmond National 
     Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1999 (Public Law 
     105-261; 5 U.S.C. 3104 note).
       (b) Conforming Amendments.--Section 1590 of title 10, 
     United States Code, as added by subsection (a), is amended--
       (1) in subsection (a)--
       (A) by striking ``During the program period specified in 
     subsection (e)(1), the'' and inserting ``The''; and
       (B) by striking ``of experimental use of'' and inserting 
     ``to use'';
       (2) in subsection (b)--
       (A) by striking ``, United States Code,'' in paragraph (1); 
     and
       (B) by striking ``United States Code,'' in paragraph (2); 
     and
       (3) in subsection (d), by striking ``, United States Code'' 
     in paragraphs (2) and (3) each place it appears.
       (c) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the 
     beginning of chapter 81 of such title is amended by inserting 
     after the item relating to section 1589 the following new 
     item:

``1590. Alternative personnel program for scientific and technical 
              personnel.''.
       (d) Conforming Repeal.--Section 1101 of the Strom Thurmond 
     National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1999 
     (Public Law 105-261; 5 U.S.C. 3104 note) is repealed.

     SEC. 1106. MODIFICATION TO INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY PERSONNEL 
                   EXCHANGE PROGRAM.

       Section 1110 of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
     Fiscal Year 2010 (Public Law 111-84; 5 U.S.C. 3702 note) is 
     amended--
       (1) in the section heading, by inserting ``cyber and'' 
     before ``information''.
       (2) in subsections (a)(1)(A), (a)(1)(C), and (g)(2), by 
     inserting ``cyber operations or'' before ``information'';
       (3) in subsection (g)(1), by inserting ``to or'' before 
     ``from''; and
       (4) in subsection (h), by striking ``10'' and inserting 
     ``50''.

     SEC. 1107. TREATMENT OF CERTAIN LOCALITIES FOR CALCULATION OF 
                   PER DIEM ALLOWANCES.

       (a) In General.--Pursuant to section 5707 of title 5, 
     United States Code, the Administrator of General Services 
     shall prescribe such regulations as are necessary to provide 
     that, with respect to per diem rates for Ohio, the locality 
     described as Dayton/Fairborn and the locality described as 
     Cincinnati are considered 1 locality for purposes of 
     establishing per diem allowance or maximum amount of 
     reimbursement under section 5702(a)(2) of such title.
       (b) Effective Date.--The adjustment of the treatment of 
     localities described under subsection (a) shall be effective 
     on the same date as the application of the first 
     recalculation of per diem allowances by the Administrator 
     that occurs after the date of enactment of this Act.

     SEC. 1108. ELIGIBILITY OF EMPLOYEES IN A TIME-LIMITED 
                   APPOINTMENT TO COMPETE FOR A PERMANENT 
                   APPOINTMENT AT ANY FEDERAL AGENCY.

       Section 9602 of title 5, United States Code, is amended--
       (1) in subsection (a) by striking ``any land management 
     agency or any other agency (as defined in section 101 of 
     title 31) under the internal merit promotion procedures of 
     the applicable agency'' and inserting ``such land management 
     agency when such agency is accepting applications from 
     individuals within the agency's workforce under merit 
     promotion procedures, or any agency, including a land 
     management agency, when the agency is accepting applications 
     from individuals outside its own workforce under the merit 
     promotion procedures of the applicable agency''; and
       (2) in subsection (d) by inserting ``of the agency from 
     which the former employee was most recently separated'' after 
     ``deemed a time-limited employee''.

     SEC. 1109. LIMITATION ON ADMINISTRATIVE LEAVE.

       (a) In General.--Subchapter II of chapter 63 of title 5, 
     United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the 
     following:

     ``Sec. 6330. Limitation on administrative leave

       ``(a) In General.--During any calendar year, an employee 
     may not be placed on administrative leave, or any other paid 
     non-duty status without charge to leave, for more than 14 
     total days for reasons relating to misconduct or performance. 
     After an employee has been placed on administrative leave for 
     14 days, the employing agency shall return the employee to 
     duty status, utilizing telework if available, and assign the 
     employee to duties if such employee is not a threat to 
     safety, the agency mission, or Government property.
       ``(b) Extended Administrative Leave.--
       ``(1) In general.--If an agency finds that an employee is a 
     threat to safety, the agency mission, or Government property 
     and upon the expiration of the 14-day period described in 
     subsection (a), an agency head may place the employee on 
     extended administrative leave for additional periods of not 
     more than 30 days each.
       ``(2) Report.--For any additional period of 30 days granted 
     to the employee after the initial 30-day extension, the 
     agency head shall submit to the Committee on Oversight and 
     Government Reform in the House of Representatives, the 
     agency's authorizing committees of jurisdiction of the House 
     of Representatives and the Senate, and the Committee on 
     Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs of the Senate a 
     report, not later than 5 business days after granting the 
     additional period, containing--
       ``(A) title, position, office or agency subcomponent, job 
     series, pay grade, and salary of the employee on 
     administrative leave;
       ``(B) a description of the work duties of the employee;
       ``(C) the reason the employee is on administrative leave;
       ``(D) an explanation as to why the employee is a threat to 
     safety, the agency mission, or Government property;
       ``(E) an explanation as to why the employee is not able to 
     telework or be reassigned to another position within the 
     agency;
       ``(F) in the case of a pending related investigation of the 
     employee--
       ``(i) the status of such investigation; and
       ``(ii) the certification described in subsection (c)(1); 
     and
       ``(G) in the case of a completed related investigation of 
     the employee--
       ``(i) the results of such investigation; and
       ``(ii) the reason that the employee remains on 
     administrative leave.
       ``(c) Extension Pending Related Investigation.--
       ``(1) In general.--If an employee is under a related 
     investigation by an investigative entity at the time an 
     additional period described under subsection (b)(2) is 
     granted and, in the opinion of the investigative entity, 
     additional time is needed to complete the investigation, such 
     entity shall certify to the applicable agency that such 
     additional time is needed and include in the certification an 
     estimate of the length of such additional time.
       ``(2) Limitation.--The head of an agency may not grant an 
     additional period of administrative leave described under 
     subsection (b)(2) to an employee on or after the date that is 
     30 days after the completion of a related investigation by an 
     investigative entity.
       ``(d) Definitions.--In this section, the following 
     definitions apply:
       ``(1) Investigative entity.--The term `investigative 
     entity' means an internal investigative unit of the agency 
     granting administrative leave, the Office of Inspector 
     General, the Office of the Attorney General, or the Office of 
     Special Counsel.
       ``(2) Related investigation.--The term `related 
     investigation' means an investigation that pertains to the 
     underlying reasons an employee was placed on administrative 
     leave.''.
       (b) Effective Date.--The amendment made by subsection (a) 
     shall begin to apply 90 days after the date of enactment of 
     this Act.
       (c) Rules of Construction.--Nothing in the amendment made 
     by subsection (a) shall be construed to--
       (1) supersede the provisions of chapter 75 of title 5, 
     United States Code; or
       (2) limit the number of days that an employee may be placed 
     on administrative leave, or any other paid non-duty status 
     without charge to leave, for reasons unrelated to misconduct 
     or performance.
       (d) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections for 
     subchapter II of chapter 63 of title 5, United States Code, 
     is amended by adding after the item relating to section 6329 
     the following new item:

``6330. Limitation on administrative leave.''.

     SEC. 1110. RECORD OF INVESTIGATION OF PERSONNEL ACTION IN 
                   SEPARATED EMPLOYEE'S OFFICIAL PERSONNEL FILE.

       (a) In General.--Subchapter I of chapter 33 of title 5, 
     United States Code, is amended by inserting after section 
     3321 the following:

     ``Sec. 3322. Voluntary separation before resolution of 
       personnel investigation

       ``(a) With respect to any employee occupying a position in 
     the competitive service or the excepted service who is the 
     subject of a personnel investigation and resigns from 
     Government employment prior to the resolution of such 
     investigation, the head of the agency from which such 
     employee so resigns shall, if an adverse finding was made 
     with respect to such employee pursuant to such investigation, 
     make a permanent notation in the employee's official 
     personnel record file. The head shall make such notation not 
     later than 40 days after the date of the resolution of such 
     investigation.
       ``(b) Prior to making a permanent notation in an employee's 
     official personnel record file under subsection (a), the head 
     of the agency shall--
       ``(1) notify the employee in writing within 5 days of the 
     resolution of the investigation and provide such employee a 
     copy of the adverse finding and any supporting documentation;
       ``(2) provide the employee with a reasonable time, but not 
     less than 30 days, to respond in writing and to furnish 
     affidavits and other documentary evidence to show why the 
     adverse finding was unfounded (a summary of which shall be 
     included in any notation made to the employee's personnel 
     file under subsection (d)); and
       ``(3) provide a written decision and the specific reasons 
     therefore to the employee at the earliest practicable date.
       ``(c) An employee is entitled to appeal the decision of the 
     head of the agency to make a permanent notation under 
     subsection (a) to the Merit Systems Protection Board under 
     section 7701.
       ``(d)(1) If an employee files an appeal with the Merit 
     Systems Protection Board pursuant to subsection (c), the 
     agency head shall make a notation in the employee's official 
     personnel record file indicating that an appeal disputing the 
     notation is pending not later than 2 weeks after the date on 
     which such appeal was filed.

[[Page H2522]]

       ``(2) If the head of the agency is the prevailing party on 
     appeal, not later than 2 weeks after the date that the Board 
     issues the appeal decision, the head of the agency shall 
     remove the notation made under paragraph (1) from the 
     employee's official personnel record file.
       ``(3) If the employee is the prevailing party on appeal, 
     not later than 2 weeks after the date that the Board issues 
     the appeal decision, the head of the agency shall remove the 
     notation made under paragraph (1) and the notation of an 
     adverse finding made under subsection (a) from the employee's 
     official personnel record file.
       ``(e) In this section, the term `personnel investigation' 
     includes--
       ``(1) an investigation by an Inspector General; and
       ``(2) an adverse personnel action as a result of 
     performance, misconduct, or for such cause as will promote 
     the efficiency of the service under chapter 43 or chapter 
     75.''.
       (b) Application.--The amendment made by subsection (a) 
     shall apply to any employee described in section 3322 of 
     title 5, United States Code, (as added by such subsection) 
     who leaves the service after the date of enactment of this 
     Act.
       (c) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections of 
     subchapter I of chapter 33 of title 5, United States Code, is 
     amended by inserting after the item relating to section 3321 
     the following:

``3322. Voluntary separation before resolution of personnel 
              investigation.''.

     SEC. 1111. REVIEW OF OFFICIAL PERSONNEL FILE OF FORMER 
                   FEDERAL EMPLOYEES BEFORE REHIRING.

       (a) In General.--Subchapter I of chapter 33 of title 5, 
     United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the 
     following:

     ``Sec. 3330e. Review of official personnel file of former 
       Federal employees before rehiring

       ``(a) If a former Government employee is a candidate for a 
     position within the competitive service or the excepted 
     service, prior to making any determination with respect to 
     the appointment or reinstatement of such employee to such 
     position, the appointing authority shall review and consider 
     the information relating to such employee's former period or 
     periods of service in such employee's official personnel 
     record file.
       ``(b) In subsection (a), the term `former Government 
     employee' means an individual whose most recent position with 
     the Government prior to becoming a candidate as described 
     under subsection (a) was within the competitive service or 
     the excepted service.
       ``(c) The Office of Personnel Management shall prescribe 
     regulations to carry out the purpose of this section.''.
       (b) Application.--The amendment made by subsection (a) 
     shall apply to any former Government employee (as described 
     in section 3330e of title 5, United States Code, as added by 
     such subsection) appointed or reinstated on or after the date 
     that is 180 days after the date of enactment of this Act.
       (c) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections of 
     subchapter I of chapter 33 of title 5, United States Code, is 
     amended by adding at the end the following:

``3330e. Review of official personnel file of former Federal employees 
              before rehiring.''.

             TITLE XII--MATTERS RELATING TO FOREIGN NATIONS

                  Subtitle A--Assistance and Training

     SEC. 1201. ONE-YEAR EXTENSION OF LOGISTICAL SUPPORT FOR 
                   COALITION FORCES SUPPORTING CERTAIN UNITED 
                   STATES MILITARY OPERATIONS.

       Section 1234 of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
     Fiscal Year 2008 (Public Law 110-181; 122 Stat. 394), as most 
     recently amended by section 1201 of the National Defense 
     Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2016 (Public Law 114-92; 
     129 Stat. 1035), is further amended--
       (1) in subsection (a), by striking ``fiscal year 2016'' and 
     inserting ``fiscal year 2017'';
       (2) in subsection (d), by striking ``during the period 
     beginning on October 1, 2015, and ending on December 31, 
     2016'' and inserting ``during the period beginning on October 
     1, 2016, and ending on December 31, 2017''; and
       (3) in subsection (e)(1), by striking ``December 31, 2016'' 
     and inserting ``December 31, 2017''.

     SEC. 1202. EXTENSION OF AUTHORITY FOR TRAINING OF GENERAL 
                   PURPOSE FORCES OF THE UNITED STATES ARMED 
                   FORCES WITH MILITARY AND OTHER SECURITY FORCES 
                   OF FRIENDLY FOREIGN COUNTRIES.

       Section 1203(h) of the National Defense Authorization Act 
     for Fiscal Year 2014 (Public Law 113-66; 127 Stat. 894; 10 
     U.S.C. 2011 note) is amended by striking ``September 30, 
     2017'' and inserting ``December 31, 2019''.

     SEC. 1203. MODIFICATION AND EXTENSION OF AUTHORITY TO CONDUCT 
                   ACTIVITIES TO ENHANCE THE CAPABILITY OF FOREIGN 
                   COUNTRIES TO RESPOND TO INCIDENTS INVOLVING 
                   WEAPONS OF MASS DESTRUCTION.

       (a) Limitation on Availability of Authority for Other 
     Countries.--Subsection (b) of section 1204 of the National 
     Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2014 (Public Law 
     113-66; 127 Stat. 896; 10 U.S.C. 401 note) is amended by 
     striking ``of the Secretary's intention'' and inserting ``not 
     later than 48 hours after the Secretary makes a 
     determination''.
       (b) Availability of Funds.--Subsection (d)(1) of such 
     section is amended to read as follows:
       ``(1) Funds available.--Of the funds authorized to be 
     appropriated for the Department of Defense for Operation and 
     Maintenance, Defense-wide, and available for the Defense 
     Threat Reduction Agency for a fiscal year, not more than 
     $20,000,000 may be made available for assistance under this 
     section for such fiscal year.''.
       (c) Notice to Congress on Certain Assistance.--Subsection 
     (e) of such section, as amended by section 1202 of the Carl 
     Levin and Howard P. ``Buck'' McKeon National Defense 
     Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2015 (Public Law 113-291; 
     128 Stat. 3530), is further amended--
       (1) by striking ``If the amount'' and inserting ``If the 
     Secretary of Defense determines that the amount'';
       (2) by striking ``the Secretary of Defense shall notify'' 
     and inserting ``the Secretary shall notify''; and
       (3) by striking ``of that fact'' and inserting ``of such 
     determination not later than 48 hours after making the 
     determination''.
       (d) Expiration.--Subsection (h) of such section, as amended 
     by section 1273 of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
     Fiscal Year 2016 (Public Law 114-92; 129 Stat. 1076), is 
     further amended by striking ``September 30, 2019'' and 
     inserting ``September 30, 2020''.
       (e) Effective Date.--The amendments made by this section 
     take effect on the date of the enactment of this Act and 
     apply with respect to assistance authorized to be provided 
     under subsection (a) of section 1204 of the National Defense 
     Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2014 on or after such date 
     of enactment.

     SEC. 1204. EXTENSION OF AUTHORITY FOR SUPPORT OF SPECIAL 
                   OPERATIONS TO COMBAT TERRORISM.

       Subsection (h) of section 1208 of the Ronald W. Reagan 
     National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2005 
     (Public Law 108-375; 118 Stat. 2086), as most recently 
     amended by section 1208(b) of the Carl Levin and Howard P. 
     ``Buck'' McKeon National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
     Year 2015 (Public Law 113-291; 128 Stat. 3541), is further 
     amended by striking ``2017'' and inserting ``2020''.

     SEC. 1205. MODIFICATION AND CODIFICATION OF REPORTING 
                   REQUIREMENTS RELATING TO SECURITY COOPERATION 
                   AUTHORITIES.

       (a) Annual Report Required.--Subsection (a) of section 1211 
     of the Carl Levin and Howard P. ``Buck'' McKeon National 
     Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2015 (Public Law 
     113-291; 128 Stat. 3544) is amended--
       (1) by striking ``Biennial'' and all that follows through 
     ``the Secretary of Defense'' and inserting ``Annual Report 
     Required.--Not later than January 31 of each year through 
     January 31, 2021, the Secretary of Defense'';
       (2) by striking ``congressional defense committees'' and 
     inserting ``appropriate congressional committees'';
       (3) by striking ``security assistance'' and inserting 
     ``assistance''; and
       (4) by striking ``the two fiscal years'' and inserting 
     ``the fiscal year''.
       (b) Elements of Report.--Subsection (b) of such section is 
     amended--
       (1) in paragraph (1), by inserting ``, duration,'' after 
     ``purpose'';
       (2) in paragraph (2), by striking ``The cost'' and 
     inserting ``The cost and expenditures'';
       (3) by adding at the end the following:
       ``(4) For each foreign country in which the training, 
     equipment, or other assistance or reimbursement was provided, 
     a description of the extent of participation, if any, by the 
     military forces and security forces or other government 
     organizations of such foreign country.
       ``(5) The number of members of the Armed Forces involved in 
     providing such training, equipment, or assistance and a 
     description of the military benefits for such members 
     involved in providing such training, equipment or assistance.
       ``(6) A summary, by authority, of the activities carried 
     out under each authority specified in subsection (c).''.
       (c) Modification to Specified Authorities.--Subsection (c) 
     of such section is amended--
       (1) by striking paragraph (1) and inserting the following:
       ``(1) Sections 256, 263, 271, 272, 273, 281, 284, 285, 286, 
     and 287.''.
       (2) by striking paragraphs (4), (5), (7), and (11);
       (3) by redesignating paragraphs (6), (8), (9), (10), and 
     (12) through (17) as paragraphs (4) through (13), 
     respectively;
       (4) by adding at the end the following:
       ``(14) Section 401, relating to humanitarian and civic 
     assistance provided in conjunction with military operations.
       ``(15) Section 1206 of the Carl Levin and Howard P. `Buck' 
     McKeon National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 
     2015 (128 Stat. 3538; 10 U.S.C. 2282 note), relating to 
     authority to conduct human rights training of security forces 
     and associated security ministries of foreign countries.
       ``(16) Section 1534 of the Carl Levin and Howard P. `Buck' 
     McKeon National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 
     2015 (128 Stat. 3616), relating to the Counterterrorism 
     Partnerships Fund.
       ``(17) Section 1203 of the National Defense Authorization 
     Act for Fiscal Year 2014 (Public Law 113-66; 127 Stat. 894; 
     10 U.S.C. 2011 note), relating to training of general purpose 
     forces of the United States Armed Forces with military and 
     other security forces of friendly foreign countries.''; and
       (5) by striking ``of title 10, United States Code'' each 
     place it appears.
       (d) Form.--Subsection (e) of such section is amended by 
     adding ``that may also include other sensitive information'' 
     after ``annex''.
       (e) Codification of Section 1211 of FY 2015 NDAA.--
       (1) Codification.--Chapter 11 of title 10, United States 
     Code, as amended by section 1261 of this Act, is further 
     amended by inserting after section 251 a new section 252 
     consisting of--

[[Page H2523]]

       (A) a heading as follows:

     ``Sec. 252. Annual report on programs carried out by the 
       Department of Defense to provide training, equipment, or 
       other assistance or reimbursement to foreign security 
       forces''; and

       (B) a text consisting of the text of subsections (a) 
     through (e) of section 1211 of the Carl Levin and Howard P. 
     ``Buck'' McKeon National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
     Year 2015 (Public Law 113-291; 128 Stat. 3544), as amended by 
     subsections (a) through (d) of this section.
       (2) Conforming repeal.--Section 1211 of the Carl Levin and 
     Howard P. ``Buck'' McKeon National Defense Authorization Act 
     for Fiscal Year 2015 (Public Law 113-291; 128 Stat. 3544), as 
     amended by subsections (a) through (d) of this section, is 
     repealed.
       (f) Repeal of Other Reporting Requirements.--
       (1) Annual report on humanitarian and civic assistance 
     activities.--Section 401 of title 10, United States Code, is 
     amended--
       (A) by striking subsection (d); and
       (B) by redesignating subsection (e) as subsection (d).
       (2) Semi-annual reports on counterterrorism partnerships 
     fund.--Section 1534 of the Carl Levin and Howard P. ``Buck'' 
     McKeon National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 
     2015 (Public Law 113-291; 128 Stat. 3616) is amended--
       (A) by striking subsection (g); and
       (B) by redesignating subsection (h) as subsection (g).
       (3) Annual report on use of authority to train general 
     purpose forces of the united states armed forces with 
     military and other security forces of friendly foreign 
     countries.--Section 1203 of the National Defense 
     Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2014 (Public Law 113-66; 
     127 Stat. 894; 10 U.S.C. 2011 note) is amended--
       (A) in subsection (a)(1), by striking ``subsection (f)'' 
     and inserting ``subsection (e)'';
       (B) by striking subsection (e); and
       (C) by redesignating subsections (f), (g), and (h) as 
     subsections (e), (f), and (g), respectively.
       (4) Annual report on use of authority for national guard 
     state partnership program.--Section 1205 of the National 
     Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2014 (Public Law 
     113-66; 127 Stat. 897; 32 U.S.C. 107 note) is amended--
       (A) by striking subsection (f); and
       (B) by redesignating subsection (g), subsection (h), the 
     second subsection (h), and subsection (i) as subsections (f), 
     (g), (h), and (i), respectively.

     SEC. 1206. INDEPENDENT ASSESSMENT OF DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE 
                   SECURITY COOPERATION PROGRAMS.

       (a) Assessment Required.--
       (1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense shall enter into 
     an agreement with a federally funded research and development 
     center, or another appropriate independent entity, with 
     expertise in security cooperation to conduct an assessment of 
     the Strategic Framework for Department of Defense Security 
     Cooperation.
       (2) Elements.--The assessment under paragraph (1) shall 
     include the following:
       (A) An assessment of each of the elements of the Strategic 
     Framework for Department of Defense Security Cooperation, as 
     directed by section 1202 of the National Defense 
     Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2016 (Public Law 114-92; 
     129 Stat. 1036; 10 U.S.C. 113 note).
       (B) An assessment of the extent to which security 
     cooperation programs, individually and in combination, as 
     identified in the Comptroller General Inventory of Department 
     of Defense Security Cooperation Programs directed in the 
     committee report (H. Rept. 114-102) accompanying the National 
     Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2016, and any other 
     relevant studies, contribute to the strategic goals, primary 
     objectives, priorities, and desired end-states of Department 
     of Defense security cooperation programs.
       (C) Any other matters the entity that conducts the 
     assessment considers appropriate.
       (b) Report Required.--
       (1) In general.--Not later than November 1, 2017, the 
     Secretary of Defense shall submit to the congressional 
     defense committees, the Committee on Foreign Relations of the 
     Senate, and the Committee on Foreign Affairs of the House of 
     Representatives a report that includes the assessment under 
     subsection (a) and any other matters the Secretary considers 
     appropriate.
       (2) Form.--The report required under paragraph (1) shall be 
     submitted in unclassified form, but may include a classified 
     annex.

        Subtitle B--Matters Relating to Afghanistan and Pakistan

     SEC. 1211. EXTENSION AND MODIFICATION OF COMMANDERS' 
                   EMERGENCY RESPONSE PROGRAM.

       (a) Extension.--Section 1201 of the National Defense 
     Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2012 (Public Law 112-81; 
     125 Stat. 1619), as most recently amended by section 1211 of 
     the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2016 
     (Public Law 114-92; 129 Stat. 1042), is further amended--
       (1) in subsection (a)--
       (A) by striking ``During fiscal year 2016'' and inserting 
     ``During the period beginning on October 1, 2016, and ending 
     on December 31, 2017''; and
       (B) by striking ``in such fiscal year'' and inserting ``in 
     such period'';
       (2) in subsection (b), by striking ``fiscal year 2016'' and 
     inserting ``fiscal year 2017''; and
       (3) in subsection (f), by striking ``in fiscal year 2016'' 
     and inserting ``during the period beginning on October 1, 
     2016, and ending on December 31, 2017''.
       (b) Authority for Certain Payments To Redress Injury and 
     Loss in Iraq.--
       (1) In general.--During the period beginning on October 1, 
     2016, and ending on December 31, 2017, amounts available 
     pursuant to section 1201 of the National Defense 
     Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2012, as amended by this 
     section, shall also be available for ex gratia payments for 
     damage, personal injury, or death that is incident to combat 
     operations of the Armed Forces in Iraq.
       (2) Notice and wait.--The authority in this subsection may 
     not be used until 30 days after the date on which the 
     Secretary of Defense submits to the congressional defense 
     committees a report setting forth the following:
       (A) The amount that will be used for payments pursuant to 
     this subsection.
       (B) The manner in which claims for payments shall be 
     verified.
       (C) The officers or officials who shall be authorized to 
     approve claims for payments.
       (D) The manner in which payments shall be made.
       (3) Limitation on amount available.--The total amount of 
     payments made pursuant to this subsection during the period 
     beginning on October 1, 2016, and ending on December 31, 
     2017, may not exceed $5,000,000.
       (4) Authorities applicable to payment.--Any payment made 
     pursuant to this subsection shall be made in accordance with 
     the authorities and limitations in section 8121 of the 
     Department of Defense Appropriations Act, 2015 (division C of 
     Public Law 113-235), other than subsection (h) of such 
     section.
       (5) Construction with restriction on amount of payments.--
     For purposes of the application of subsection (e) of such 
     section 1201, as so amended, to any payment pursuant to this 
     subsection, such payment shall be deemed to be a project 
     described by such subsection (e).

     SEC. 1212. EXTENSION AND MODIFICATION OF AUTHORITY FOR 
                   REIMBURSEMENT OF CERTAIN COALITION NATIONS FOR 
                   SUPPORT PROVIDED TO UNITED STATES MILITARY 
                   OPERATIONS.

       (a) Extension.--Subsection (a) of section 1233 of the 
     National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2008 
     (Public Law 110-181; 122 Stat. 393), as most recently amended 
     by section 1212 of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
     Fiscal Year 2016 (Public Law 114-92; 129 Stat. 1043), is 
     further amended by striking ``fiscal year 2016'' and 
     inserting ``the period beginning on October 1, 2016, and 
     ending on December 31, 2017,''.
       (b) Limitation on Amounts Available.--Subsection (d)(1) of 
     such section, as so amended, is further amended--
       (1) in the second sentence, by striking ``during fiscal 
     year 2016 may not exceed $1,160,000,000'' and inserting 
     ``during the period beginning on October 1, 2016, and ending 
     on December 31, 2017, may not exceed $1,100,000,000'' ; and
       (2) in the third sentence, by striking ``fiscal year 2016'' 
     and inserting ``the period beginning on October 1, 2016, and 
     ending on December 31, 2017,''.
       (c) Extension of Notice Requirement Relating to 
     Reimbursement of Pakistan for Support Provided by Pakistan.--
     Section 1232(b)(6) of the National Defense Authorization Act 
     for Fiscal Year 2008 (122 Stat. 393), as most recently 
     amended by section 1212(c) of the National Defense 
     Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2016 (129 Stat. 1043), is 
     further amended by striking ``September 30, 2016'' and 
     inserting ``December 31, 2017''.
       (d) Extension of Limitation on Reimbursement of Pakistan 
     Pending Certification on Pakistan.--Section 1227(d)(1) of the 
     National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2013 
     (Public Law 112-239; 126 Stat. 2001), as most recently 
     amended by section 1212(d) of the National Defense 
     Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2016 (129 Stat. 1043), is 
     further amended by striking ``for fiscal year 2016 or any 
     prior fiscal year'' and inserting ``for any period prior to 
     December 31, 2017''.
       (e) Additional Limitation on Reimbursement of Pakistan 
     Pending Certification on Pakistan.--Of the total amount of 
     reimbursements and support authorized for Pakistan during the 
     period beginning on October 1, 2016, and ending on December 
     31, 2017, pursuant to the third sentence of section 
     1233(d)(1) of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
     Fiscal Year 2008 (as amended by subsection (b)(2)), 
     $450,000,000 shall not be eligible for the waiver under 
     section 1227(d)(2) of the National Defense Authorization Act 
     for Fiscal Year 2013 (126 Stat. 2001) unless the Secretary of 
     Defense certifies to the congressional defense committees 
     that--
       (1) Pakistan continues to conduct military operations in 
     North Waziristan that are contributing to significantly 
     disrupting the safe haven and freedom of movement of the 
     Haqqani Network in Pakistan;
       (2) Pakistan has taken steps to demonstrate its commitment 
     to prevent the Haqqani Network from using North Waziristan as 
     a safe haven; and
       (3) the Government of Pakistan actively coordinates with 
     the Government of Afghanistan to restrict the movement of 
     militants, such as the Haqqani Network, along the 
     Afghanistan-Pakistan border.

     SEC. 1213. EXTENSION OF AUTHORITY TO ACQUIRE PRODUCTS AND 
                   SERVICES PRODUCED IN COUNTRIES ALONG A MAJOR 
                   ROUTE OF SUPPLY TO AFGHANISTAN.

       Section 801(f) of the National Defense Authorization Act 
     for Fiscal Year 2010 (Public Law 111-84; 123 Stat. 2399), as 
     most recently amended by section 1214 of the National Defense 
     Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2016 (Public Law 114-92; 
     129 Stat. 1045), is further amended by striking ``December 
     31, 2016'' and inserting ``December 31, 2017''.

     SEC. 1214. EXTENSION OF AUTHORITY TO TRANSFER DEFENSE 
                   ARTICLES AND PROVIDE DEFENSE SERVICES TO THE 
                   MILITARY AND SECURITY FORCES OF AFGHANISTAN.

       (a) Extension.--Subsection (h) of section 1222 of the 
     National Defense Authorization Act for

[[Page H2524]]

     Fiscal Year 2013 (Public Law 112-239; 126 Stat. 1992), as 
     most recently amended by section 1215 of the National Defense 
     Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2016 (Public Law 114-92; 
     129 Stat. 1045), is further amended by striking ``December 
     31, 2016'' and inserting ``December 31, 2017''.
       (b) Quarterly Reports.--Subsection (f)(1) of such section, 
     as so amended, is further amended by striking ``March 31, 
     2017'' and inserting ``March 31, 2018''.
       (c) Excess Defense Articles.--Subsection (i)(2) of such 
     section, as so amended, is further amended by striking ``,, 
     2015, and 2016'' each place it appears and inserting ``, 
     2015, 2016, and 2017''.

     SEC. 1215. SENSE OF CONGRESS ON UNITED STATES POLICY AND 
                   STRATEGY IN AFGHANISTAN.

       (a) Findings.--Congress finds the following:
       (1) The United States continues to have vital national 
     security interests in ensuring that Afghanistan is a stable, 
     sovereign country.
       (2) President Obama signed a Strategic Partnership 
     Agreement and a Bilateral Security Agreement with the 
     President of the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan, which 
     commits the United States to the long-term security of, and 
     defense cooperation with, the Government of Afghanistan and 
     designates Afghanistan as a ``major non-NATO ally''.
       (3) The unity government in Afghanistan, led by President 
     Ghani and Chief Executive Abdullah, should be applauded for 
     their continued leadership and commitment to Afghanistan's 
     stability and security.
       (4) Stability and security in Afghanistan reinforces 
     stability and security in the region.
       (5) The best long-term guarantor of stability and security 
     in Afghanistan is a stable unity government and a capable 
     Afghan National Defense and Security Forces (ANDSF).
       (6) The President's current policy is to draw down from 
     9,800 to 5,500 United States troops by January 1, 2017. As 
     the recent commander in Afghanistan, General John Campbell, 
     testified to the Senate Armed Services Committee, ``the 5,500 
     [U.S. troops] plan was developed primarily around 
     counterterrorism. There's very limited train-advise-and-
     assist...in those numbers. To continue to build on the Afghan 
     Security Forces, the gaps and seams in aviation, logistics, 
     intelligence...we'd have to make some adjustments to that 
     number.''.
       (7) The President's policy of limiting the number of United 
     States troops that the commander can employ in Afghanistan is 
     hindering the effectiveness of the United States mission 
     therein.
       (8) Further, at the current policy of 9,800 United States 
     troops, the new commander of Operation Resolute Support in 
     Afghanistan, General John ``Mick'' Nicholson, agreed in 
     testimony with the Senate Armed Services Committee that the 
     security situation in Afghanistan has been deteriorating 
     rather than improving.
       (9) General John Campbell also stated ``. . .Afghan 
     shortfalls will persist beyond 2016. Capability gaps still 
     exist in fixed and rotary-wing aviation, combined arms 
     operations, intelligence collection and dissemination, and 
     maintenance.''.
       (10) General John Campbell further stated ``I have the 
     authority to protect coalition members against any 
     insurgents. . .to attack the Taliban just because they're 
     Taliban, I do not have that authority.''.
       (11) The Taliban have made territorial gains and are 
     holding terrain in key geographic areas in Afghanistan, 
     including in Helmand Province.
       (12) The Taliban held the city of Kunduz, Afghanistan, 
     which is the first time the Taliban have held a major city in 
     Afghanistan in 14 years.
       (13) The Haqqani Network, a designated foreign terrorist 
     organization aligned with the Taliban, is the most lethal 
     group on the battlefield in Afghanistan, and continues to 
     provide safe haven to al-Qaeda.
       (14) The Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) has 
     established an affiliate in Afghanistan.
       (15) Since the death of the Taliban's leader, Mullah 
     Mohammad Omar, and the ascendance of Mullah Akhtar Mansoor 
     and Saraj Haqqani, head of the Haqqani Network, to Taliban 
     leadership, the Taliban have not engaged in political 
     reconciliation negotiations with the Government of 
     Afghanistan.
       (16) The President has the statutory, legal authority to 
     strike the Taliban and the Haqqani Network.
       (b) Sense of Congress.--It is the sense of Congress that--
       (1) the President should authorize at least 9,800 United 
     States troops to continue the train, advise, and assist and 
     counterterrorism missions in Afghanistan after 2016;
       (2) the President should provide the United States 
     commander in Afghanistan with the authority to unilaterally 
     strike the Taliban and the Haqqani Network;
       (3) the President should provide additional resources to 
     strike the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) in 
     Afghanistan;
       (4) the President should provide the United States 
     commander in Afghanistan the authority to conduct the train, 
     advise, and assist mission below the corps level of the 
     Afghan National Defense and Security Forces (ANDSF);
       (5) the United States should provide United States Armed 
     Forces lift and close air support to ANDSF units until the 
     ANDSF has a fully capable, organic lift and close air support 
     capability and capacity;
       (6) the United States should provide monetary and advisory 
     support for 352,000 ANDSF personnel and 30,000 Afghan Local 
     Police, including intelligence, surveillance, and 
     reconnaissance support, through 2018;
       (7) it should continue to be a top priority to provide 
     United States Armed Forces deployed to Afghanistan with 
     necessary medical, force protection, and combat search and 
     rescue support; and
       (8) United States military personnel who are tasked with 
     the mission of providing combat search and rescue support, 
     casualty evacuation, and medical support should not be 
     counted as part of any force management level limitation on 
     the number of United States ground forces in Afghanistan.

     SEC. 1216. SPECIAL IMMIGRANT STATUS FOR CERTAIN AFGHANS.

       (a) Aliens Described.--Section 602(b)(2)(A)(ii)(I) of the 
     Afghan Allies Protection Act of 2009 (8 U.S.C. 1101 note) is 
     amended to read as follows:

       ``(I)(aa) by, or on behalf of, the United States 
     Government, in the case of an application for Chief of 
     Mission approval submitted before May 31, 2016; or
       ``(bb) in the case of an application for Chief of Mission 
     approval submitted on or after May 31, 2016, in a capacity 
     that required the alien--

       ``(AA) to serve as an interpreter or translator for United 
     States military personnel in Afghanistan while traveling off-
     base with such personnel; or
       ``(BB) to perform sensitive and trusted activities for 
     United States military personnel stationed in Afghanistan; 
     or''.
       (b) Numerical Limitations.--Clauses (i) and (ii) of section 
     602(b)(3)(F) of such Act are each amended by striking 
     ``December 31, 2016;'' and inserting ``December 31, 2017;''.
       (c) Report.--Section 602(b)(14) of such Act is amended--
       (1) by striking ``Not later than 60 days after the date of 
     the enactment of this paragraph,'' and inserting ``Not later 
     than December 31, 2016, and annually thereafter through 
     January 31, 2021,''; and
       (2) in subparagraph (A)(i), by striking ``under this 
     section;'' and inserting ``under subclause (I) or (II)(bb) of 
     paragraph (2)(A)(ii);''.

             Subtitle C--Matters Relating to Syria and Iraq

     SEC. 1221. MODIFICATION AND EXTENSION OF AUTHORITY TO PROVIDE 
                   ASSISTANCE TO THE VETTED SYRIAN OPPOSITION.

       (a) In General.--Subsection (a) of section 1209 of the Carl 
     Levin and Howard P. ``Buck'' McKeon National Defense 
     Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2015 (Public Law 113-291; 
     128 Stat. 3541) is amended by striking ``December 31, 2016'' 
     and inserting ``December 31, 2017''.
       (b) Reprogramming Requirement.--Subsection (f) of such 
     section, as amended by section 1225(e) of the National 
     Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2016 (Public Law 
     114-92; 129 Stat. 1055), is further amended--
       (1) in paragraph (1), by striking ``December 31, 2016'' and 
     inserting ``December 31, 2017''; and
       (2) by adding at the end the following:
       ``(3) Certification accompanying reprogramming requests.--
     Each request under paragraph (1) shall include a 
     certification of the Secretary of Defense that--
       ``(A) a required number and type of United States Armed 
     Forces have been deployed to support the strategy for Syria 
     required under section 1225(b) of the National Defense 
     Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2016 (Public Law 114-92; 
     129 Stat. 1054) and to support a plan to retake and hold 
     Raqqa, Syria; and
       ``(B) a required number and type of United States Armed 
     Forces have been deployed to support the elements of the 
     Syrian opposition and other Syrian groups and individuals 
     that are to be trained and equipped under this section to 
     ensure that such elements, groups, and individuals are able 
     to defend themselves from attacks by the Islamic State of 
     Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) and Government of Syria forces 
     consistent with the purposes set forth in subsection (a).''.

     SEC. 1222. MODIFICATION AND EXTENSION OF AUTHORITY TO PROVIDE 
                   ASSISTANCE TO COUNTER THE ISLAMIC STATE OF IRAQ 
                   AND THE LEVANT.

       (a) Sense of Congress.--It is the sense of Congress that--
       (1) it should be the policy of the United States to 
     support, within the framework of the Iraqi Constitution, the 
     Iraqi Kurdish Peshmerga, the Iraqi Security Forces, and Sunni 
     tribal forces in the fight against the Islamic State of Iraq 
     and the Levant;
       (2) recognizing the important role of the Iraqi Kurdish 
     Peshmerga within the military campaign against ISIL in Iraq, 
     the United States should provide arms, training, and 
     appropriate equipment directly to the Kurdistan Regional 
     Government; and
       (3) efforts should be made to ensure transparency and 
     oversight mechanisms are in place for oversight of United 
     States assistance to combat waste, fraud, and abuse.
       (b) Authority.--Subsection (a) of section 1236 of the Carl 
     Levin and Howard P. ``Buck'' McKeon National Defense 
     Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2015 (Public Law 113-291; 
     128 Stat. 3559) is amended by striking ``December 31, 2016'' 
     and inserting ``December 31, 2017''.
       (c) Funding.--Subsection (g) of such section, as amended by 
     section 1223 of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
     Fiscal Year 2016 (Public Law 114-92; 129 Stat. 1049), is 
     further amended--
       (1) by striking the first sentence and inserting the 
     following: ``Of the amounts authorized to be appropriated in 
     the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017 
     for Overseas Contingency Operations in title XV for fiscal 
     year 2017, there are authorized to be appropriated 
     $680,000,000 to carry out this section.''; and
       (2) by striking the second sentence.
       (d) Submission of Plan Requirement.--Subsection (k) of such 
     section is amended to read as follows:

[[Page H2525]]

       ``(k) Submission of Plan Requirement.--Not more than 75 
     percent of the funds authorized to be appropriated under this 
     section may be obligated or expended until not earlier than 
     15 days after the date on which the Secretary of Defense, in 
     coordination with the Secretary of State, submits to the 
     appropriate congressional committees a plan to re-take Mosul, 
     Iraq from the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) and 
     to hold Mosul, Iraq.''.
       (e) Briefing and Authority to Assist Directly Certain 
     Covered Groups.--Subsection (l) of such section, as so 
     amended, is further amended--
       (1) in the subsection heading, by striking ``Assessment'' 
     and inserting ``Briefing'';
       (2) in paragraph (1)--
       (A) in the paragraph heading, by striking ``Assessment'' 
     and inserting ``Briefing'';
       (B) in subparagraph (A)--
       (i) by striking ``National Defense Authorization Act for 
     Fiscal Year 2016'' and inserting ``National Defense 
     Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017''; and
       (ii) by striking ``submit to the appropriate congressional 
     committees an assessment of'' and inserting ``provide to the 
     appropriate congressional committees a briefing that includes 
     an assessment of'';
       (C) in subparagraph (C)--
       (i) by striking ``submit to the appropriate congressional 
     committees an update of'' and inserting ``provide to the 
     appropriate congressional committees a briefing that includes 
     an update of''; and
       (ii) by striking ``the assessment is submitted'' and 
     inserting ``the briefing is provided''; and
       (D) by striking subparagraph (D);
       (3) in paragraph (2)--
       (A) in subparagraph (A)--
       (i) by striking ``If the President'' and all that follows 
     through ``the Secretary of Defense'' and inserting ``Of the 
     funds authorized to be appropriated under this section, 
     $50,000,000 shall be available to the Secretary of Defense'';
       (ii) by striking ``is authorized'';
       (iii) by striking ``assistance'' and inserting ``stipends 
     and sustainment''; and
       (iv) by adding at the end the following: ``Of the funds 
     made available to carry out this subparagraph, not less than 
     33 percent shall be available for stipends and sustainment 
     for the group described in subparagraph (D)(i).''.
       (B) in subparagraph (C)--
       (i) in the heading, by striking ``Cost-sharing'' and 
     inserting ``Submission of plan''; and
       (ii) by striking ``cost-sharing'' and inserting 
     ``submission of plan''; and
       (C) in subparagraph (D) to read as follows:
       ``(D) Covered groups.--The groups described in this 
     subparagraph are the following groups that are directly 
     engaged in the campaign for Mosul, Iraq:
       ``(i) The Iraqi Kurdish Peshmerga.
       ``(ii) Sunni tribal security forces, or other local 
     security forces, with a national security mission.''.
       (f) Prohibition on Assistance and Report on Equipment or 
     Supplies Transferred to or Acquired by Violent Extremist 
     Organizations.--
       (1) Prohibition.--Assistance authorized under section 1236 
     of the Carl Levin and Howard P. ``Buck'' McKeon National 
     Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2015 (Public Law 
     113-291; 128 Stat. 3559), as so amended, may not be provided 
     to the Government of Iraq after the date that is 90 days 
     after the date of the enactment of this Act unless the 
     Secretary of Defense certifies to the appropriate 
     congressional committees, after the date of the enactment of 
     this Act, that the Government of Iraq has taken such actions 
     as may be reasonably necessary to safeguard against such 
     assistance being transferred to or acquired by violent 
     extremist organizations.
       (2) Briefing.--
       (A) Briefing required.--Not later than 30 days after the 
     date on which the Secretary of Defense makes any 
     determination that equipment or supplies provided pursuant to 
     section 1236(a) of the Carl Levin and Howard P. ``Buck'' 
     McKeon National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 
     2015 (Public Law 113-291; 128 Stat. 3559), as so amended, 
     have been transferred to or acquired by a violent extremist 
     organization, the Secretary shall provide to the appropriate 
     congressional committees a briefing that contains a 
     description of the determination of the Secretary and the 
     transfer to or acquisition by the violent extremist 
     organization.
       (B) Elements.--Each briefing under paragraph (1) shall 
     include, with respect to the transfer covered by the report, 
     the following:
       (i) An assessment of the type and quantity of equipment or 
     supplies transferred to the violent extremist organization.
       (ii) A description of the criteria used to determine that 
     the organization is a violent extremist organization.
       (iii) A description, if known, of how the equipment or 
     supplies were transferred to or acquired by the violent 
     extremist organization.
       (iv) If the equipment or supplies are determined to remain 
     under the current control of the violent extremist 
     organization, a description of the organization, including 
     its relationship, if any, to the security forces of the 
     Government of Iraq.
       (v) A description of the end use monitoring or other 
     policies and procedures in place in order to prevent 
     equipment or supplies to be transferred to or acquired by 
     violent extremist organizations.
       (3) Definitions.--In this subsection:
       (A) Appropriate congressional committees.--The term 
     ``appropriate congressional committees'' means--
       (i) the congressional defense committees; and
       (ii) the Committee on Foreign Relations of the Senate and 
     the Committee on Foreign Affairs of the House of 
     Representatives.
       (B) Violent extremist organization.--The term ``violent 
     extremist organization'' means an organization that--
       (i) is a foreign terrorist organization designated by the 
     Secretary of State under section 219 of the Immigration and 
     Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1189) or is associated with a 
     foreign terrorist organization; or
       (ii) is known to be under the command and control of, or is 
     associated with, the Government of Iran.

     SEC. 1223. EXTENSION AND MODIFICATION OF AUTHORITY TO SUPPORT 
                   OPERATIONS AND ACTIVITIES OF THE OFFICE OF 
                   SECURITY COOPERATION IN IRAQ.

       (a) Extension of Authority.--Subsection (f)(1) of section 
     1215 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
     Year 2012 (Public Law 112-81; 125 Stat. 1631; 10 U.S.C. 113 
     note), as most recently amended by section 1221 of the 
     National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2016 
     (Public Law 114-92; 129 Stat. 1047), is further amended--
       (1) by striking ``fiscal year 2016'' and inserting ``fiscal 
     year 2017''; and
       (2) by inserting ``, Iraqi Border Police,'' after ``Iraqi 
     Ministry of Defense''.
       (b) Authority.--Subsection (a) of such section is amended 
     by striking ``transition'' and inserting ``security''.
       (c) Amount Available.--Such section, as so amended, is 
     further amended--
       (1) in subsection (c), by striking ``fiscal year 2016'' and 
     inserting ``fiscal year 2017''; and
       (2) in subsection (d), by striking ``fiscal year 2016'' and 
     inserting ``fiscal year 2017''.

     SEC. 1224. REPORT ON PREVENTION OF FUTURE TERRORIST 
                   ORGANIZATIONS IN IRAQ AND SYRIA.

       (a) Report Required.--Not later than 180 days after the 
     date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense 
     shall submit to the congressional defense committees a report 
     that describes the political, economic, and security 
     conditions in Iraq and Syria that would be necessary and 
     sufficient to prevent the formation of future terrorist 
     organizations in Iraq and Syria that may present a danger to 
     the United States, its allies, and the stability of Iraq, 
     Syria, and the rest of the Middle East region.
       (b) Matters to Be Included.--The report required under 
     subsection (a) shall include the following:
       (1) A detailed construct of the conditions that must be met 
     for the Islamic State to be considered defeated and a 
     successful conclusion to Operation Inherent Resolve achieved.
       (2) A detailed explanation of the political, economic, and 
     security conditions that would--
       (A) provide reasonable confidence a new terrorist 
     organization, including a successor to al Qaeda or Islamic 
     State, or an unrelated organization, would not form in the 
     region in the short and long term;
       (B) decrease probability of terrorist attacks on the United 
     States, its allies, and countries in the Middle East;
       (C) eliminate safe havens for terrorist organizations in 
     Syria and Iraq; and
       (D) diminish refugee flows within and out of Iraq and 
     Syria.
       (3) A strategy for the United States and its allies and 
     partners to facilitate those political, economic, and 
     security conditions in the short and long term, including a 
     description of--
       (A) the posture, roles, and activities of the Department of 
     Defense in Iraq and Syria and the region;
       (B) the roles and responsibilities of United States' allies 
     and regional partners; and
       (C) the roles and responsibilities for other countries and 
     groups in the region, including Kurds, Shia, and Sunni groups 
     in Iraq and Syria, and Saudi Arabia and Iran.
       (4) Any other matters the Secretary of Defense may 
     determine to be appropriate.
       (c) Form.--The report required under subsection (a) shall 
     be submitted in unclassified form, but may contain a 
     classified annex if necessary.

     SEC. 1225. SEMIANNUAL REPORT ON INTEGRATION OF POLITICAL AND 
                   MILITARY STRATEGIES AGAINST ISIL.

       (a) Reports Required.--
       (1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense and the Secretary 
     of State shall jointly submit to the appropriate committees 
     of Congress, on a semiannual basis, a report on the political 
     and military strategies to defeat the Islamic State in Iraq 
     and the Levant.
       (2) Submittal.-- A report under paragraph (1) shall be 
     submitted not later than June 15 each year, for the 6-month 
     period ending on May 31 of such year, and not later than 
     December 15 each year, for the 6-month period ending on 
     November 30 of such year.
       (3) Form.--Each report required under paragraph (1) shall 
     be submitted in unclassified form, but may include a 
     classified annex.
       (b) Matters to Be Included.--Each report required under 
     subsection (a) shall include the following:
       (1) Military strategy and objectives of the United States 
     Department of Defense and coalition partners against the 
     Islamic State in Iraq and the Levant (hereinafter in this 
     section referred to as ``ISIL'');
       (2) Political strategy and objectives of the United States 
     Department of State and coalition partners to address the 
     political roots underlying the growth of ISIL, including--
       (A) a comprehensive political plan for achieving a 
     transition plan, interim government, and free and fair 
     internationally monitored elections after the end of the 
     current government headed by Bashar al-Assad;
       (B) a comprehensive political plan for Iraqi political 
     reform and reconciliation between ethnic groups and political 
     parties (including a plan for passage of national guard 
     legislation, repeal of de-Baathification laws, and a plan for 
     equitable petroleum revenue sharing with the Kurdistan 
     Regional Government); and

[[Page H2526]]

       (C) a critical assessment of the current size and structure 
     of the Iraqi Security Forces (hereinafter in this section 
     referred to as ``ISF'') including an assessment of--
       (i) provincial and neighborhood militias and special 
     counterterrorism units;
       (ii) any changes in strength and mix of force structure 
     within the ISF;
       (iii) levels of recruitment, retention, and attrition 
     within ISF forces; and
       (iv) the operating budget of the ISF.
       (c) Report by Comptroller General.--Not later than 180 days 
     after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Comptroller 
     General of the United States shall submit to the appropriate 
     committees of Congress a review of--
       (1) the transparency and anti-fraud, internal controls and 
     accounting, and other measures undertaken by the Government 
     of Iraq for the ISF, including irregular forces, relating to 
     cash transfers and other assistance provided through the Iraq 
     Train and Equip Fund; and
       (2) the financial management capacity and accountability of 
     United States direct assistance with respect to all 
     recipients of funding under the Iraq Train and Equip Fund.
       (d) Appropriate Committees of Congress Defined.--In this 
     section, the term ``appropriate committees of Congress'' 
     means--
       (1) the Committee on Armed Services, the Committee on 
     Appropriations, and the Committee on Foreign Relations of the 
     Senate; and
       (2) the Committee on Armed Services, the Committee on 
     Appropriations, and the Committee on Foreign Affairs of the 
     House of Representatives.
       (e) Sunset.--The requirements under this section shall 
     expire on the date that is three years after the date of the 
     enactment of this Act.

         Subtitle D--Matters Relating to the Russian Federation

     SEC. 1231. LIMITATION ON USE OF FUNDS TO APPROVE OR OTHERWISE 
                   PERMIT APPROVAL OF CERTAIN REQUESTS BY RUSSIAN 
                   FEDERATION UNDER OPEN SKIES TREATY.

       (a) Definitions.--In this section:
       (1) Appropriate congressional committees.--The term 
     ``appropriate congressional committees'' means--
       (A) the Committee on Armed Services, the Committee on 
     Foreign Relations, and the Select Committee on Intelligence 
     of the Senate; and
       (B) the Committee on Armed Services, the Committee on 
     Foreign Affairs, and the Permanent Select Committee on 
     Intelligence of the House of Representatives.
       (2) Covered state party.--The term ``covered state party'' 
     means a foreign country that--
       (A) is a state party to the Open Skies Treaty; and
       (B) is a United States ally.
       (3) Observation aircraft, observation flight, and sensor.--
     The terms ``observation aircraft'', ``observation flight'', 
     and ``sensor'' have the meanings given such terms in Article 
     II of the Open Skies Treaty.
       (4) Open skies treaty.--The term ``Open Skies Treaty'' 
     means the Treaty on Open Skies, done at Helsinki March 24, 
     1992, and entered into force January 1, 2002.
       (b) Limitation.--None of the funds authorized to be 
     appropriated or otherwise made available by this Act or any 
     other Act for fiscal year 2017 or any subsequent fiscal year 
     may be used to approve or otherwise permit the approval of a 
     request by the Russian Federation to carry out an initial or 
     exhibition observation flight or certification event of an 
     observation aircraft on which is installed an upgraded sensor 
     with infrared or synthetic aperture radar capability over the 
     territory of the United States or over the territory of a 
     covered state party under the Open Skies Treaty unless and 
     until the Secretary of Defense, jointly with the Secretary of 
     State, the Secretary of Energy, the Secretary of Homeland 
     Security, the Director of the Federal Bureau of 
     Investigation, the Director of National Intelligence, and the 
     commander of U.S. Strategic Command and the Commander of U.S. 
     Northern Command in the case of a flight over the territory 
     of the United States and the Commander of U.S. European 
     Command in the case of other flights, submits to the 
     appropriate congressional committees the following:
       (1) Certification.--A certification that--
       (A) the Russian Federation--
       (i) is taking no action that is inconsistent with the terms 
     of the Open Skies Treaty;
       (ii) is not exceeding the imagery limits set forth in the 
     Treaty; and
       (iii) is allowing overflights by covered state parties over 
     all of Moscow, Chechnya, Abkhazia, South Ossetia, and 
     Kaliningrad without restriction and without inconsistency to 
     requirements under the Open Skies Treaty; and
       (B) covered state parties have been notified and briefed on 
     concerns of the intelligence community (as defined in section 
     3 of the National Security Act of 1947 (50 U.S.C. 3003)) 
     regarding upgraded sensors used under the Open Skies Treaty.
       (2) Report.--A report on the Open Skies Treaty that 
     includes the following:
       (A) The annual costs to the United States associated with 
     countermeasures to combat potential abuses of Russian flights 
     carried out under the Open Skies Treaty over European and 
     United States territories with a sensor described in 
     paragraph (1)(B).
       (B) A plan to replace the Open Skies Treaty architecture 
     with a more robust sharing of overhead commercial imagery, 
     consistent with United States national security, with covered 
     state parties, excluding the Russian Federation.
       (C) An evaluation by the Director of National Intelligence 
     of matters concerning how an observation flight described in 
     subparagraph (A) could implicate intelligence activities of 
     the Russian Federation in the United States and United States 
     counterintelligence activities and vulnerabilities.
       (D) An assessment of how such information is used by the 
     Russian Federation, for what purpose, and how the information 
     fits into the Russian Federation's overall collection 
     posture.
       (c) Notice.--
       (1) In general.--Not later than 14 days after the 
     completion of an observation flight over the United States, 
     the Secretary of Defense, jointly with the Secretary of 
     Energy, the Secretary of Homeland Security, the Director of 
     the Federal Bureau of Investigation, and the Director of 
     National Intelligence, shall notify the appropriate 
     congressional committees of such flight.
       (2) Contents.--Notice submitted for a flight pursuant to 
     paragraph (1) shall include the following:
       (A) A description of the flight path.
       (B) An analysis of whether and the extent to which any 
     United States critical infrastructure was the subject of 
     image capture activities of such flight.
       (C) An estimate for the mitigation costs imposed on the 
     Department of Defense or other United States Government 
     agencies by such flight.
       (D) An assessment of how such information is used by the 
     Russian Federation, for what purpose, and how the information 
     fits into the Russian Federation's overall collection 
     posture.
       (d) Additional Limitation.--
       (1) In general.--Not more than 65 percent of the funds 
     authorized to be appropriated or otherwise made available by 
     this Act or any other Act for fiscal year 2017 year may be 
     used to carry out any activities to implement the Open Skies 
     Treaty until the requirements described in paragraph (2) are 
     met.
       (2) Requirements described.--The requirements described in 
     this paragraph are the following:
       (A) The Director of National Intelligence and the Director 
     of the National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency jointly submit 
     to the appropriate congressional committees a report on the 
     following:
       (i) Whether it is possible, consistent with United States 
     national security interests, to provide enhanced access to 
     United States commercial imagery or other United States 
     capabilities, consistent with the protection of sources and 
     methods and United States national security, to covered state 
     parties that is qualitatively similar to that derived by 
     flights over the territory of the United States or over the 
     territory of a covered state party under the Open Skies 
     Treaty, on a more timely basis.
       (ii) What the cost would be to provide enhanced access to 
     such commercial imagery or other capabilities as compared to 
     the current imagery sharing through the Open Skies Treaty.
       (iii) Whether any new agreements would be needed to provide 
     enhanced access to such commercial imagery or other 
     capabilities and what would be required to obtain such 
     agreements.
       (iv) Whether transitioning to such commercial imagery or 
     other capabilities from the current imagery sharing through 
     the Open Skies Treaty would reduce opportunities by the 
     Russian Federation to exceed imagery limits and reduce 
     utility for Russian intelligence collection against the 
     United States or covered state parties.
       (v) How such commercial imagery or other capabilities would 
     compare to the current imagery sharing through the Open Skies 
     Treaty.
       (B) The Secretary of State, in consultation with the 
     Director of the National Geospatial Intelligence Agency and 
     the Secretary of Defense, submits to the appropriate 
     congressional committees an unclassified report that--
       (i) details the costs for implementation of the Open Skies 
     Treaty, including--

       (I) mitigation costs relating to national security; and
       (II) aircraft, sensors, and related overhead and treaty 
     implementation costs for covered state parties; and

       (ii) describes the impact on contributions by covered state 
     parties and relationships among covered state parties in the 
     context of the Open Skies Treaty, the North Atlantic Treaty 
     Organization, and any other venues for United States 
     partnership dialogue and activity.

     SEC. 1232. MILITARY RESPONSE OPTIONS TO RUSSIAN FEDERATION 
                   VIOLATION OF INF TREATY.

       (a) In General.--An amount equal to $10,000,000 of the 
     amount authorized to be appropriated or otherwise made 
     available to the Department of Defense for fiscal year 2017 
     to provide support services to the Executive Office of the 
     President shall be withheld from obligation or expenditure 
     until the Secretary of Defense--
       (1) submits to the appropriate congressional committees the 
     plan for the development of military capabilities as 
     described in paragraph (1) of section 1243(d) of the National 
     Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2016 (Public Law 
     114-92; 129 Stat. 1062); and
       (2) carries out the development of capabilities pursuant to 
     such plan in accordance with the requirements described in 
     paragraph (3) of such section.
       (b) Definition.--In this section, the term ``appropriate 
     congressional committees'' has the meaning given such term in 
     section 1243(e) of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
     Fiscal Year 2016.

     SEC. 1233. LIMITATION ON MILITARY COOPERATION BETWEEN THE 
                   UNITED STATES AND THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION.

       (a) Limitation.--None of the funds authorized to be 
     appropriated for fiscal year 2017 for the Department of 
     Defense may be used for any bilateral military-to-military 
     cooperation between the Governments of the United States and 
     the Russian Federation until the Secretary of Defense, in 
     coordination with the Secretary of State, certifies to the 
     appropriate congressional committees that--
       (1) the Russian Federation has ceased its occupation of 
     Ukrainian territory and its aggressive activities that 
     threaten the sovereignty and

[[Page H2527]]

     territorial integrity of Ukraine and members of the North 
     Atlantic Treaty Organization; and
       (2) the Russian Federation is abiding by the terms of and 
     taking steps in support of the Minsk Protocols regarding a 
     ceasefire in eastern Ukraine.
       (b) Nonapplicability.--The limitation in subsection (a) 
     shall not apply to--
       (1) any activities necessary to ensure the compliance of 
     the United States with its obligations or the exercise of 
     rights of the United States under any bilateral or 
     multilateral arms control or nonproliferation agreement or 
     any other treaty obligation of the United States; and
       (2) any activities required to provide logistical or other 
     support to the conduct of United States or North Atlantic 
     Treaty Organization military operations in Afghanistan or the 
     withdrawal from Afghanistan.
       (c) Waiver.--The Secretary of Defense may waive the 
     limitation in subsection (a) if the Secretary of Defense, in 
     coordination with the Secretary of State--
       (1) determines that the waiver is in the national security 
     interest of the United States; and
       (2) submits to the appropriate congressional committees--
       (A) a notification that the waiver is in the national 
     security interest of the United States and a description of 
     the national security interest covered by the waiver; and
       (B) a report explaining why the Secretary of Defense cannot 
     make the certification under subsection (a).
       (d) Exception for Certain Military Bases.--The 
     certification requirement specified in paragraph (1) of 
     subsection (a) shall not apply to military bases of the 
     Russian Federation in Ukraine's Crimean peninsula operating 
     in accordance with its 1997 agreement on the Status and 
     Conditions of the Black Sea Fleet Stationing on the Territory 
     of Ukraine.
       (e) Appropriate Congressional Committees Defined.--In this 
     section, the term ``appropriate congressional committees'' 
     means--
       (1) the Committee on Armed Services and the Committee on 
     Foreign Relations of the Senate; and
       (2) the Committee on Armed Services and the Committee on 
     Foreign Affairs of the House of Representatives.

     SEC. 1234. STATEMENT OF POLICY ON UNITED STATES EFFORTS IN 
                   EUROPE TO REASSURE UNITED STATES PARTNERS AND 
                   ALLIES AND DETER AGGRESSION BY THE GOVERNMENT 
                   OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION.

       (a) Findings.--Congress makes the following findings:
       (1) The Russian Federation, under the leadership of 
     President Vladimir Putin, continues to demonstrate its intent 
     to expand its sphere of influence and limit Western influence 
     both regionally and globally.
       (2) In March 2016, at a House Armed Services Committee 
     hearing discussing worldwide threats, Major General James 
     Marrs, Director for Intelligence in the Joint Staff stated, 
     ``principally, what we are seeing in Russia. . .is just a 
     breadth of capabilities from strategic systems to anti access 
     area denial to even, I would say, a growing adeptness at 
     operating sort of just short of traditional military conflict 
     that is posing a significant challenge in the future''.
       (3) In July 2015, Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, 
     General Joseph Dunford, testified to the Senate Armed 
     Services Committee, that ``Russia presents the greatest 
     threat to our national security''. In November 2015, 
     Secretary of Defense, Ashton Carter, discussed the need for 
     ``adapting our operational posture and contingency plans. . 
     .to deter Russia's aggression''.
       (4) In February 2016, the Rand Corporation released its 
     report, ``Reinforcing Deterrence on NATO's Eastern Flank'', 
     concluding that at a maximum it would take Russian forces 
     approximately 60 hours to reach the capitals of Estonia and 
     Latvia, exhibiting the challenge to North Atlantic Treaty 
     Organization (NATO) member countries of successfully 
     defending such territory with its current posture and 
     capability.
       (5) In February 2016, the Center for Strategic and 
     International Studies released its report, ``Evaluating U.S. 
     Army Force Posture in Europe'', calling for increased pre-
     positioned sets of United States military equipment, 
     increased rotational forces and associated enablers, 
     increased logistics capabilities, and increased investment in 
     combating unconventional warfare methods in Europe.
       (6) In February 2016, the National Commission on the Future 
     of the Army released its findings and recommendations, which 
     included Recommendation 14 calling for stationing an Armored 
     Brigade Combat Team Forward in Europe and Recommendation 15 
     calling for the conversion of Army Europe Aviation 
     Headquarters to a warfighting mission command.
       (7) In the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
     Year 2015 (Public Law 114-92) and the National Defense 
     Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2016 (Public Law 113-291), 
     Congress authorized approximately $1,800,000,000 for the 
     European Reassurance Initiative to reassure allies through 
     expanded United States military presence in Europe through 
     rotational deployments of United States troops, bilateral and 
     multilateral exercises, improved infrastructure, increased 
     pre-positioned United States military equipment, and building 
     partnership capacity.
       (8) The budget of the President for fiscal year 2017 
     submitted to Congress under section 1105(a) of title 31, 
     United States Code, includes $3,420,000,000 for the European 
     Reassurance Initiative to begin the transition from primarily 
     reassuring United States partners and allies to deterring the 
     Russian Federation.
       (9) The request encompasses a large increase of 
     conventional resources, including additional rotational 
     deployments of United States troops and pre-positioning an 
     Armored Brigade Combat Team's worth of equipment into Europe.
       (10) The request also includes increased funding for 
     unconventional warfare resources, including cyber and special 
     operations forces, as well as for intelligence and indicators 
     and warning.
       (b) Statement of Policy.--
       (1) In general.--It is the policy of the United States to 
     reassure United States partners and allies in Europe and to 
     work with United States partners and allies to deter 
     aggression by the Government of the Russian Federation in 
     order to enhance regional and global security and stability.
       (2) Conduct of policy.--The policy described in paragraph 
     (1) shall, among other things, be carried out through a 
     comprehensive defense strategy and guidance to outline the 
     future path of defense resources and capabilities in the 
     European theater. Such strategy and guidance shall include--
       (A) use and expansion of conventional methods, including 
     increased United States presence, pre-positioning of United 
     States military equipment, increased infrastructure, and 
     building partnership capacity in Europe;
       (B) emphasis on developing capabilities for countering 
     unconventional methods of warfare, including cyber warfare, 
     economic warfare, information operations, and intelligence 
     operations; and
       (C) encouraging security assistance and capabilities of 
     partners and allies, including NATO member countries.

     SEC. 1235. MODIFICATION OF UKRAINE SECURITY ASSISTANCE 
                   INITIATIVE.

       (a) Authority to Provide Assistance.--Subsection (a) of 
     section 1250 of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
     Fiscal Year 2016 (Public Law 114-92; 129 Stat. 1068) is 
     amended--
       (1) by striking ``Of the amounts'' and all that follows 
     through ``the Secretary of Defense'' and inserting ``The 
     Secretary of Defense''; and
       (2) by inserting ``is authorized'' before ``to provide''.
       (b) Availability of Funds.--Subsection (c) of such section 
     is amended--
       (1) by striking paragraph (1);
       (2) by redesignating paragraphs (2) and (3) as paragraphs 
     (1) and (2), respectively;
       (3) in paragraph (1) (as so redesignated)--
       (A) by striking ``paragraph (3)'' and inserting ``paragraph 
     (2)''; and
       (B) by striking ``pursuant to subsection (a)'' and 
     inserting ``to carry out this section for a fiscal year''; 
     and
       (4) in paragraph (2) (as so redesignated)--
       (A) by striking ``paragraph (2)'' and inserting ``paragraph 
     (1)''; and
       (B) by striking ``commencing on the date that is six months 
     after the date of the enactment of this Act''.

     SEC. 1236. PROHIBITION ON AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS RELATING TO 
                   SOVEREIGNTY OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION OVER 
                   CRIMEA.

       (a) Prohibition.--None of the funds authorized to be 
     appropriated by this Act or otherwise made available for 
     fiscal year 2017 for the Department of Defense may be 
     obligated or expended to implement any activity that 
     recognizes the sovereignty of the Russian Federation over 
     Crimea.
       (b) Waiver.--The Secretary of Defense, with the concurrence 
     of the Secretary of State, may waive the restriction on the 
     obligation or expenditure of funds required by subsection (a) 
     if the Secretary--
       (1) determines that to do so is in the national security 
     interest of the United States; and
       (2) submits to the Committee on Armed Services and the 
     Committee on Foreign Relations of the Senate and the 
     Committee on Armed Services and the Committee on Foreign 
     Affairs of the House of Representatives a notification of the 
     waiver at the time the waiver is invoked.

     SEC. 1237. MODIFICATION AND EXTENSION OF REPORT ON MILITARY 
                   ASSISTANCE TO UKRAINE.

       (a) Findings.--Congress makes the following findings:
       (1) Ukraine's border is 6,995 kilometers long, including 
     1,974 kilometers of controlled border with the Russian 
     Federation, 195 kilometers of an administrative line with 
     Crimea, and 409 kilometers of border in the east that is 
     currently uncontrolled.
       (2) Since the beginning of the Russian-Ukrainian conflict 
     in 2014, 64 Ukrainian border guards have been killed and 
     another 391 have been wounded.
       (3) Implementation of the Minsk Agreement, signed in 
     February 2015, requires the State Border Guard Service of 
     Ukraine to reestablish border checkpoints in currently 
     uncontrolled territory and to monitor the border to verify 
     full implementation of the Agreement.
       (4) Ukraine is developing engineering and technical systems 
     to strengthen the controlled border between Ukraine and the 
     Russian Federation, Ukrainian maritime borders, and areas 
     adjacent to the uncontrolled territory and occupied Crimea.
       (5) Russian unmanned aerial vehicles are being used to 
     support Russian-backed separatist artillery fire against 
     Ukrainian forces.
       (6) Due to a lack of resources and equipment, Ukraine lacks 
     an effective early warning network to warn of any new 
     aggression on the border.
       (7) Section 1250 of the National Defense Authorization Act 
     for Fiscal Year 2016 (Public Law 114-92; 129 Stat. 1068) 
     calls for the United States to provide to Ukraine critical 
     training and equipment to enhance the capabilities of the 
     military and other security forces of Ukraine to defend 
     against further aggression from the Russian Federation and 
     Russian-backed separatists.
       (b) Sense of Congress.--It is the sense of Congress that--
       (1) the United States should continue to support the 
     Government of Ukraine's efforts to provide and maintain 
     security in Ukraine;

[[Page H2528]]

       (2) the State Border Guard Service of Ukraine needs 
     sufficient equipment and technical assistance to defend and 
     monitor Ukraine's borders and to fully implement the Minsk 
     Agreement; and
       (3) the Department of Defense should continue its work with 
     the Ukrainian military, Ukrainian National Guard, and 
     Ukrainian State Border Guard Service to strengthen Ukraine's 
     defenses and defend its borders against aggressive actions.
       (c) Modification and Extension of Report on Military 
     Assistance to Ukraine.--
       (1) Congressional committees.--Subsection (b) of section 
     1275 of the Carl Levin and Howard P. ``Buck'' McKeon National 
     Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2015 (Public Law 
     113-291; 128 Stat. 3591) is amended by inserting ``and the 
     Committee on Foreign Relations of the Senate and the 
     Committee on Foreign Affairs of the House of 
     Representatives'' after ``congressional defense committees''.
       (2) Elements.--Subsection (c) of such section is amended by 
     adding at the end the following:
       ``(8) A description of the extent to which the Department 
     of Defense has provided security assistance to the Government 
     of Ukraine for the purposes of protecting and monitoring the 
     borders of Ukraine.''.
       (3) Extension.--Subsection (e) of such section, as amended 
     by section 1250(g) of the National Defense Authorization Act 
     for Fiscal Year 2016 (Public Law 114-92; 129 Stat. 1070), is 
     further amended by striking ``December 31, 2017'' and 
     inserting ``December 31, 2019''.

     SEC. 1238. ADDITIONAL MATTERS IN ANNUAL REPORT ON MILITARY 
                   AND SECURITY DEVELOPMENTS INVOLVING THE RUSSIAN 
                   FEDERATION.

       (a) Additional Matters.--Subsection (b) of section 1245 of 
     the Carl Levin and Howard P. ``Buck'' McKeon National Defense 
     Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2015 (Public Law 113-291; 
     128 Stat. 3566), as amended by section 1248(a) of the 
     National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2016 
     (Public Law 114-92; 129 Stat. 1066), is further amended--
       (1) by redesignating paragraph (18) as paragraph (19); and
       (2) by inserting after paragraph (17) the following:
       ``(18) The current state of Russia's foreign military 
     deployments, which shall include the following:
       ``(A) For each such deployment, the estimated number of 
     forces, types of capabilities to include advanced weapons, 
     length of deployment, and where possible identifying basing 
     agreements.
       ``(B) The following information with respect to such 
     deployments to be disaggregated on a country-by-country 
     basis:
       ``(i) The number of Russian military personnel, including 
     combat troops, military trainers, combat enabling 
     capabilities and border security agents, deployed to the 
     country with the consent of the national or local government. 
     Such information should include the length of the basing 
     arrangements and the strategic importance of the location.
       ``(ii) The number of such Russian military personnel 
     deployed in areas where Russian forces entered the country by 
     force or are otherwise deployed over the objections of the 
     national or local government.''.
       (b) Effective Date.--The amendments made by subsection (a) 
     shall take effect on the date of the enactment of this Act, 
     and shall apply with respect to reports submitted under 
     section 1245 of the Carl Levin and Howard P. ``Buck'' McKeon 
     National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2015 after 
     that date.

                       Subtitle E--Other Matters

     SEC. 1241. SENSE OF CONGRESS ON MALIGN ACTIVITIES OF THE 
                   GOVERNMENT OF IRAN.

       (a) Findings.--Congress finds that the Government of Iran 
     continues to conduct provocative, malign activities in the 
     region, including--
       (1) the launch of the Shahab-3 medium-range ballistic 
     missile and Qiam-1 short-range ballistic missiles;
       (2) the intent to launch the Simorgh Space-Launch Vehicle 
     (SLV) as stated by Lieutenant General Vincent Stewart in 
     testimony to the House Armed Services Committee: ``Iran 
     stated publicly it intends to launch the Simorgh (SLV), which 
     would be capable of intercontinental ballistic missile (ICBM) 
     range.'';
       (3) the detention of United States service members, which 
     the Secretary of Defense, Ashton Carter, described in 
     testimony to the House Armed Services Committee as 
     ``unprofessional'' and ``outrageous'';
       (4) the support of foreign terrorist organizations 
     designated by the Department of State, such as Lebanese 
     Hezbollah and Kata'ib Hizbollah;
       (5) the support of the Assad regime in Syria;
       (6) the support of Shia militias in Iraq that have been 
     directly responsible for the deaths of United States service 
     members; and
       (7) the support of the Houthi rebels in Yemen in 
     contravention to the internationally-recognized, legitimate 
     Government of Yemen.
       (b) Sense of Congress.--It is the sense of Congress that--
       (1) the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA) does not 
     address the totality of the malign activities of the 
     Government of Iran, including ballistic missile launches, 
     support for designated foreign terrorist organizations, or 
     other proxies conducting malign activities in the region and 
     globally;
       (2) the United States should increase its efforts to 
     counter the continued expansion of malign activities of the 
     Government of Iran in the Middle East;
       (3) the United States should ensure that it has robust, 
     enduring military posture and capabilities forward deployed 
     in the Arabian Gulf region to deter Iranian aggression and 
     respond to Iranian aggression, if necessary; and
       (4) the United States should strengthen ballistic missile 
     defense capabilities and increase security assistance to 
     United States partners and allies in the region.

     SEC. 1242. MODIFICATION OF ANNUAL REPORT ON MILITARY AND 
                   SECURITY DEVELOPMENTS INVOLVING THE PEOPLE'S 
                   REPUBLIC OF CHINA.

       (a) Annual Report.--Subsection (a) of section 1202 of the 
     National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2000 
     (Public Law 106-65; 113 Stat. 781; 10 U.S.C. 113 note) is 
     amended by striking ``March 1 each year'' and inserting 
     ``January 31 of each year through January 31, 2021''.
       (b) Matters to Be Included.--Subsection (b) of such 
     section, as most recently amended by section 1252(a) of the 
     Carl Levin and Howard P. ``Buck'' McKeon National Defense 
     Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2015 (Public Law 113-291; 
     128 Stat. 3571), is further amended by adding at the end the 
     following:
       ``(21) A summary of the order of battle of the People's 
     Liberation Army, including anti-ship ballistic missiles, 
     theater ballistic missiles, and land attack cruise missile 
     inventory.''.
       (c) Effective Date.--The amendments made by this section 
     take effect on the date of the enactment of this Act and 
     apply with respect to reports required to be submitted under 
     subsection (a) of section 1202 of the National Defense 
     Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2000 on or after that date.

     SEC. 1243. SENSE OF CONGRESS ON TRILATERAL COOPERATION 
                   BETWEEN JAPAN, SOUTH KOREA, AND THE UNITED 
                   STATES.

       (a) Findings.--Congress finds the following:
       (1) Japan and the Republic of Korea (South Korea) are both 
     treaty allies and critically important security partners of 
     the United States.
       (2) Japan and South Korea confront a range of shared 
     challenges to their national security and to stability in the 
     Asia-Pacific region, including the multitude of threats posed 
     by the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (North Korea).
       (b) Sense of Congress.--It is the sense of Congress that--
       (1) the United States should continue to support trilateral 
     cooperation with Japan and South Korea;
       (2) the United States should continue to support defense 
     cooperation between Japan and South Korea on the full range 
     of issues related to North Korea and to other security 
     challenges in the Asia-Pacific region; and
       (3) the United States should seek to facilitate closer 
     security cooperation with and between Japan and South Korea 
     on--
       (A) non-proliferation;
       (B) cyber security;
       (C) maritime security;
       (D) security technology and capability development; and
       (E) other areas of mutual security benefit.

     SEC. 1244. SENSE OF CONGRESS ON COOPERATION BETWEEN SINGAPORE 
                   AND THE UNITED STATES.

       (a) Findings.--Congress finds the following:
       (1) 2016 is the 50th year of relations between the United 
     States and the Republic of Singapore.
       (2) The United States and Singapore signed an enhanced 
     defense cooperation agreement on December 7, 2015.
       (b) Sense of Congress.--It is the sense of Congress that--
       (1) the United States should continue to conduct bilateral 
     cooperation and support the strategic partnership with 
     Singapore to promote peace and stability in the Asia-Pacific 
     region;
       (2) the United States welcomes the signing of the enhanced 
     Defense Cooperation Agreement with Singapore and should 
     expand bilateral training and cooperation on security issues, 
     including maritime security, cyber security, countering 
     violent extremism, humanitarian assistance, and disaster 
     relief;
       (3) the United States should continue efforts with 
     Singapore to address transnational issues and strengthen 
     regional and multilateral institutions that promote security 
     cooperation based on internationally accepted rules and 
     norms; and
       (4) the United States should improve joint interoperability 
     and security collaboration with Singapore to enhance 
     capabilities to maintain regional stability.

     SEC. 1245. MONITORING AND EVALUATION OF OVERSEAS 
                   HUMANITARIAN, DISASTER, AND CIVIC AID PROGRAMS 
                   OF THE DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE.

       (a) In General.--Of the amounts authorized to be 
     appropriated by this Act for Overseas Humanitarian, Disaster, 
     and Civic Aid, the Secretary of Defense is authorized to use 
     up to 5 percent of such amounts to conduct monitoring and 
     evaluation of programs that are funded using such amounts 
     during fiscal year 2017.
       (b) Briefing.--Not later than 90 days after the date of the 
     enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall provide 
     to the appropriate congressional committees a briefing on 
     mechanisms to evaluate the programs conducted pursuant to the 
     authorities listed in subsection (a).
       (c) Definition.--In subsection (b), the term ``appropriate 
     congressional committees'' means--
       (1) the Committee on Armed Services and the Committee on 
     Foreign Relations of the Senate; and
       (2) the Committee on Armed Services and the Committee on 
     Foreign Affairs of the House of Representatives.

     SEC. 1246. ENHANCEMENT OF INTERAGENCY SUPPORT DURING 
                   CONTINGENCY OPERATIONS AND TRANSITION PERIODS.

       (a) Authority.--The Secretary of Defense and the Secretary 
     of State may enter into an agreement under which each 
     Secretary may provide covered support, supplies, and services 
     on a

[[Page H2529]]

     reimbursement basis, or by exchange of covered support, 
     supplies, and services, to the other Secretary during a 
     contingency operation and related transition period for up to 
     two years following the end of such contingency operation.
       (b) Agreement.--An agreement entered into under this 
     section shall be in writing and shall include the following 
     terms:
       (1) The price charged by a supplying agency shall be the 
     direct costs that such agency incurred by providing the 
     covered support, supplies, or services to the requesting 
     agency under this section.
       (2) Credits and liabilities of the agencies accrued as a 
     result of acquisitions and transfers of covered support, 
     supplies, and services under this section shall be liquidated 
     not less often than once every 3 months by direct payment to 
     the agency supplying such support, supplies, or services by 
     the agency receiving such support, supplies, or services.
       (3) Exchange entitlements accrued as a result of 
     acquisitions and transfers of covered support, supplies, and 
     services under this section shall be satisfied within 12 
     months after the date of the delivery of the covered support, 
     supplies, or services. Exchange entitlements not so satisfied 
     shall be immediately liquidated by direct payment to the 
     agency supplying such covered support, supplies, or services.
       (c) Effect of Obligation and Availability of Funds.--An 
     order placed by an agency pursuant to an agreement under this 
     section is deemed to be an obligation in the same manner that 
     a similar order placed under a contract with, or a contract 
     for similar goods or services awarded to, a private 
     contractor is an obligation. Appropriations remain available 
     to pay an obligation to the servicing agency in the same 
     manner as appropriations remain available to pay an 
     obligation to a private contractor.
       (d) Definitions.--In this section:
       (1) Covered support, supplies, and services.--The term 
     ``covered support, supplies, and services'' means food, 
     billeting, transportation (including airlift), petroleum, 
     oils, lubricants, communications services, medical services, 
     ammunition, base operations support, use of facilities, spare 
     parts and components, repair and maintenance services, and 
     calibration services.
       (2) Contingency operation.--The term ``contingency 
     operation'' has the meaning given that term in section 
     101(a)(13) of title 10, United States Code.
       (e) Crediting of Receipts.--Any receipt as a result of an 
     agreement entered into under this section shall be credited, 
     at the option of the Secretary of Defense with respect to the 
     Department of Defense and the Secretary of State with respect 
     to the Department of State, to--
       (1) the appropriation, fund, or account used in incurring 
     the obligation; or
       (2) an appropriate appropriation, fund, or account 
     currently available for the purposes for which the 
     expenditures were made.
       (f) Notification.--Not later than 30 days after the end of 
     a fiscal year in which covered support, supplies, and 
     services are provided or exchanged pursuant to an agreement 
     under this section, the Secretary of Defense and the 
     Secretary of State shall jointly submit to the congressional 
     defense committees, the Committee on Foreign Relations of the 
     Senate, and the Committee on Foreign Affairs of the House of 
     Representatives a notification that contains a copy of such 
     agreement and a description of such covered support, 
     supplies, and services.
       (g) Sunset.--The authority to enter into an agreement under 
     this section shall terminate at the close of December 31, 
     2018.

     SEC. 1247. TWO-YEAR EXTENSION AND MODIFICATION OF 
                   AUTHORIZATION OF NON-CONVENTIONAL ASSISTED 
                   RECOVERY CAPABILITIES.

       (a) Extension of Authority.--Subsection (h) of section 943 
     of the Duncan Hunter National Defense Authorization Act for 
     Fiscal Year 2009 (Public Law 110-417; 122 Stat. 4579), as 
     most recently amended by section 1271 of the National Defense 
     Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2016 (Public Law 114-92; 
     129 Stat. 1075), is further amended by striking ``2018'' and 
     inserting ``2020''.
       (b) Modification to Authorized Activities.--Subsection (c) 
     of such section is amended by inserting ``, or other 
     individuals, as determined by the Secretary of Defense, with 
     respect to already established non-conventional assisted 
     recovery capabilities'' before the period at the end of the 
     first sentence.

     SEC. 1248. AUTHORITY TO DESTROY CERTAIN SPECIFIED WORLD WAR 
                   II-ERA UNITED STATES-ORIGIN CHEMICAL MUNITIONS 
                   LOCATED ON SAN JOSE ISLAND, REPUBLIC OF PANAMA.

       (a) Authority.--
       (1) In general.--Subject to subsection (b), the Secretary 
     of Defense may destroy the chemical munitions described in 
     subsection (c).
       (2) Ex gratia action.--The action authorized by this 
     section is ``ex gratia'' on the part of the United States, as 
     the term ``ex gratia'' is used in section 321 of the Strom 
     Thurmond National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 
     1999 (Public Law 105-261; 10 U.S.C. 2701 note).
       (3) Consultation between secretary of defense and secretary 
     of state.--The Secretary of Defense and the Secretary of 
     State shall consult and develop any arrangements with the 
     Republic of Panama with respect to this section.
       (b) Conditions.--The Secretary of Defense may exercise the 
     authority under subsection (a) only if the Republic of Panama 
     has--
       (1) revised the declaration of the Republic of Panama under 
     the Convention on the Prohibition of the Development, 
     Production, Stockpiling and Use of Chemical Weapons and on 
     Their Destruction to indicate that the chemical munitions 
     described in subsection (c) are ``old chemical weapons'' 
     rather than ``abandoned chemical weapons''; and
       (2) affirmed, in writing, that it understands (A) that the 
     United States intends only to destroy the munitions described 
     in subsections (c) and (d), and (B) that the United States is 
     not legally obligated and does not intend to destroy any 
     other munitions, munitions constituents, and associated 
     debris that may be located on San Jose Island as a result of 
     research, development, and testing activities conducted on 
     San Jose Island during the period of 1943 through 1947.
       (c) Chemical Munitions.--The chemical munitions described 
     in this subsection are the eight United States-origin 
     chemical munitions located on San Jose Island, Republic of 
     Panama, that were identified in the 2002 Final Inspection 
     Report of the Technical Secretariat of the Organization for 
     the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons.
       (d) Limited Incidental Authority to Destroy Other 
     Munitions.--In exercising the authority under subsection (a), 
     the Secretary of Defense may destroy other munitions located 
     on San Jose Island, Republic of Panama, but only to the 
     extent essential and required to reach and destroy the 
     chemical munitions described in subsection (c).
       (e) Source of Funds.--Of the amounts authorized to be 
     appropriated by this Act, the Secretary of Defense may use up 
     to $30,000,000 from amounts made available for Chemical 
     Agents and Munitions Destruction, Defense to carry out the 
     authority in subsection (a).
       (f) Sunset.--The authority under subsection (a) shall 
     terminate on the date that is three years after the date of 
     the enactment of this Act.

     SEC. 1249. STRATEGY FOR UNITED STATES DEFENSE INTERESTS IN 
                   AFRICA.

       (a) Required Report.--Not later than one year after the 
     date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense 
     shall submit to the congressional defense committees a report 
     that contains the strategy for United States defense 
     interests in Africa.
       (b) Matters to Be Included.--The report required by 
     subsection (a) shall address the following:
       (1) United States national security interests in Africa, 
     including an assessment of threats to global and regional 
     United States national security interests emanating from the 
     continent.
       (2) United States defense objectives in Africa.
       (3) Courses of action to accomplish United States defense 
     objectives in Africa, including those conducted in 
     cooperation with other Federal agencies.
       (4) Measures to improve coordination between United States 
     Africa Command and other combatant commands to achieve unity 
     of effort to counter threats that cross combatant command 
     boundaries.
       (5) Department of Defense capabilities and resources 
     required to achieve defense objectives in Africa, and the 
     mitigation plan to address any gaps in such capabilities or 
     resources that affect the implementation of the strategy 
     required by subsection (a).
       (6) Security cooperation initiatives to advance defense 
     objectives in Africa.
       (7) Any other matters the Secretary of Defense determines 
     to be appropriate.
       (c) Form.--The report required by subsection (a) shall be 
     submitted in unclassified form, but may contain a classified 
     annex if necessary.

     SEC. 1250. UNITED STATES-ISRAEL DIRECTED ENERGY COOPERATION.

       (a) Authority To Establish Directed Energy Capabilities 
     Program With Israel.--
       (1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense, upon the request 
     of the Ministry of Defense of Israel, and with the 
     concurrence of the Secretary of State, may carry out 
     research, development, test, and evaluation activities, on a 
     joint basis with Israel, to establish directed energy 
     capabilities to detect and defeat ballistic missiles, cruise 
     missiles, unmanned aerial vehicles, mortars, and improvised 
     explosive devices that threaten the United States, deployed 
     forces of the United States, or Israel. Any activities 
     carried out pursuant to such authority shall be conducted in 
     a manner that appropriately protects sensitive information 
     and the national security interests of the United States and 
     Israel.
       (2) Report.--The activities described in paragraph (1) may 
     be carried out after the Secretary of Defense submits to the 
     appropriate committees of Congress a report setting forth the 
     following:
       (A) A memorandum of agreement between the United States and 
     Israel regarding sharing of research and development costs 
     for the capabilities described in paragraph (1), and any 
     supporting documents.
       (B) A certification that the memorandum of agreement--
       (i) requires sharing of costs of projects, including in-
     kind support, between the United States and Israel;
       (ii) establishes a framework to negotiate the rights to any 
     intellectual property developed under the memorandum of 
     agreement; and
       (iii) requires the United States Government to receive 
     semiannual reports on expenditure of funds, if any, by the 
     Government of Israel, including a description of what the 
     funds have been used for, when funds were expended, and an 
     identification of entities that expended the funds.
       (3) Annual limitation on amount.--The amount of support 
     provided under this subsection in any year may not exceed 
     $25,000,000.
       (b) Lead Agency.--The Secretary of Defense shall designate 
     the Missile Defense Agency as the appropriate research and 
     development entity and as the lead agency of the Department 
     of Defense in carrying out this section.
       (c) Semiannual Reports.--The Secretary of Defense shall 
     submit to the appropriate committees of Congress on a 
     semiannual basis a report that contains a copy of the most 
     recent semiannual report provided by the Government of Israel 
     to the Department of Defense pursuant to subsection 
     (a)(2)(B)(iii).

[[Page H2530]]

       (d) Sunset.--The authority in this section to carry out 
     activities described in subsection (a) shall expire on 
     December 31, 2018.
       (e) Appropriate Committees of Congress Defined.--In this 
     section, the term ``appropriate committees of Congress'' 
     means--
       (1) the Committee on Armed Services, the Committee on 
     Foreign Relations, the Committee on Homeland Security and 
     Governmental Affairs, the Committee on Appropriations, and 
     the Select Committee on Intelligence of the Senate; and
       (2) the Committee on Armed Services, the Committee on 
     Foreign Affairs, the Committee on Homeland Security, the 
     Committee on Appropriations, and the Permanent Select 
     Committee on Intelligence of the House of Representatives.

     SEC. 1251. SENSE OF CONGRESS ON SUPPORT FOR ESTONIA, LATVIA, 
                   AND LITHUANIA.

       (a) Findings.--Congress finds the following:
       (1) The Baltic States of Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania are 
     highly valued allies of the United States, and they have 
     repeatedly demonstrated their commitment to advancing our 
     mutual interests as well as those of the NATO Alliance.
       (2) Operation Atlantic Resolve is a series of exercises and 
     coordinating efforts demonstrating the United States' 
     commitment to its European partners and allies, including the 
     Baltic States of Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania, with the 
     shared goal of peace and stability in the region. Operation 
     Atlantic Resolve strengthens communication and understanding, 
     and is an important effort to deter Russian aggression in the 
     region.
       (3) Through Operation Atlantic Resolve, the European 
     Reassurance Initiative undertakes exercises, training, and 
     rotational presence necessary to reassure and integrate our 
     allies, including the Baltic States, into a common defense 
     framework.
       (4) All three Baltic States contributed to the NATO-led 
     International Security Assistance Force in Afghanistan, 
     sending disproportionate numbers of troops and operating with 
     few caveats. The Baltic States continue to engage in 
     Operation Resolute Support in Afghanistan.
       (b) Sense of Congress.--Congress--
       (1) reaffirms its support for the principle of collective 
     defense in Article 5 of the North Atlantic Treaty for our 
     NATO allies, including Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania;
       (2) supports the sovereignty, independence, territorial 
     integrity, and inviolability of Estonia, Latvia, and 
     Lithuania as well as their internationally recognized 
     borders, and expresses concerns over increasingly aggressive 
     military maneuvering by the Russian Federation near their 
     borders and airspace;
       (3) expresses concern over and condemns subversive and 
     destabilizing activities by the Russian Federation within the 
     Baltic States; and
       (4) encourages the Administration to further enhance 
     defense cooperation efforts with Estonia, Latvia, and 
     Lithuania and supports the efforts of their Governments to 
     provide for the defense of their people and sovereign 
     territory.

     SEC. 1252. SENSE OF CONGRESS ON SUPPORT FOR GEORGIA.

       (a) Findings.--Congress finds the following:
       (1) Georgia is a valued friend of the United States and has 
     repeatedly demonstrated its commitment to advancing the 
     mutual interests of both countries, including the deployment 
     of Georgian forces as part of the NATO-led International 
     Security Assistance Force (ISAF) in Afghanistan and the 
     Multi-National Force in Iraq.
       (2) The European Reassurance Initiative builds the 
     partnership capacity of Georgia so it can work more closely 
     with the United States and NATO, as well as provide for its 
     own defense.
       (3) In addition to the European Reassurance Initiative, 
     Georgia's participation in the NATO initiative Partnership 
     for Peace is paramount to interoperability with the United 
     States and NATO, and establishing a more peaceful environment 
     in the region.
       (4) Despite the losses suffered, as a NATO partner of ISAF, 
     Georgia is engaged in the Resolute Support Mission in 
     Afghanistan with the second largest contingent on the ground.
       (b) Sense of Congress.--Congress--
       (1) reaffirms United States support for Georgia's 
     sovereignty and territorial integrity within its 
     internationally-recognized borders, and does not recognize 
     the independence of the Abkhazia and South Ossetia regions 
     currently occupied by the Russian Federation; and
       (2) supports continued cooperation between the United 
     States and Georgia and the efforts of the Government of 
     Georgia to provide for the defense of its people and 
     sovereign territory.

     SEC. 1253. MODIFICATION OF ANNUAL REPORT ON MILITARY POWER OF 
                   IRAN.

       (a) In General.--Subsection (b)(3) of section 1245 of the 
     National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2010 
     (Public Law 111-84; 123 Stat. 2542) is amended--
       (1) by redesignating subparagraphs (E) through (G) as 
     subparagraphs (G) through (I), respectively; and
       (2) by inserting after subparagraph (D) the following:
       ``(E) an estimate of Iran's military cyber capabilities, 
     including persons and entities operating on behalf of Iran, 
     and any information on those persons or entities responsible 
     for targeting United States critical infrastructure or United 
     States persons or entities;
       ``(F) information on Iranian military and security 
     organizations responsible for detaining members of the United 
     States Armed Forces or interfering in United States military 
     operations;''.
       (b) Effective Date.--The amendments made by subsection (a) 
     take effect on the date of the enactment of this Act and 
     apply with respect to reports required to be submitted under 
     section 1245 of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
     Fiscal Year 2010 on or after such date of enactment.

     SEC. 1254. SENSE OF CONGRESS ON SENIOR MILITARY EXCHANGES 
                   BETWEEN THE UNITED STATES AND TAIWAN.

       (a) In General.--It is the sense of Congress that the 
     Secretary of Defense should conduct a program of senior 
     military exchanges between the United States and Taiwan that 
     have the objective of improving military-to-military 
     relations and defense cooperation between the United States 
     and Taiwan.
       (b) Administration of Program.--It is the sense of Congress 
     that the program described in subsection (a)--
       (1) should be conducted at least once each calendar year; 
     and
       (2) should be conducted in both the United States and 
     Taiwan.
       (c) Definitions.--In this section:
       (1) Senior military exchange.--The term ``senior military 
     exchange'' means an activity, exercise, professional 
     education event, or observation opportunity in which senior 
     military officers and senior defense officials participate.
       (2) Senior military officer.--The term ``senior military 
     officer'' means a general or flag officer on active duty in 
     the armed forces.
       (3) Senior defense official.--The term ``senior defense 
     official'', with respect to the Department of Defense, means 
     a civilian official at the level of Assistant Secretary of 
     Defense or above.

     SEC. 1255. QUARTERLY REPORT ON FREEDOM OF NAVIGATION 
                   OPERATIONS.

       (a) In General.--Chapter 3 of title 10, United States Code, 
     is amended by adding at the end the following new section:

     ``Sec. 130i. Quarterly report on freedom of navigation 
       operations

       ``(a) Report Required.--Not later than 30 days after the 
     end of each fiscal quarter, the Secretary of Defense shall 
     submit to the congressional defense committees a report on 
     any excessive territorial claims of foreign countries that 
     were challenged by freedom of navigation operations and 
     flights carried out by the armed forces during such fiscal 
     quarter.
       ``(b) Elements.--The report under subsection (a) shall 
     include, with respect to each operation described in such 
     subsection, the following:
       ``(1) The date of the operation.
       ``(2) The class of ship or type of aircraft that conducted 
     the operation.
       ``(3) The geographic location of the operation.
       ``(4) Identification of the foreign country that made the 
     excessive territorial claim challenged by the operation.
       ``(5) A description of the excessive territorial claim that 
     was challenged by the operation.
       ``(c) Sunset.--This section shall terminate on September 
     30, 2018.''.
       (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the 
     beginning of such chapter is amended by inserting after the 
     item relating to section 130h the following new item:

``130i. Quarterly report on freedom of navigation operations.''.
       (c) Effective Date.--The amendments made by subsections (a) 
     and (b) shall take effect on the date of the enactment of 
     this Act and shall apply with respect to fiscal quarters 
     beginning after such date.

  Subtitle F--Codification and Consolidation of Department of Defense 
                    Security Cooperation Authorities

     SEC. 1261. ENACTMENT OF NEW CHAPTER FOR DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE 
                   SECURITY COOPERATION AUTHORITIES AND TRANSFER 
                   OF CERTAIN AUTHORITIES TO NEW CHAPTER.

       (a) Statutory Codification.--Chapter 11 of part I of 
     subtitle A of title 10, United States Code, is amended to 
     read as follows:

                   ``CHAPTER 11--SECURITY COOPERATION

                    ``subchapter i--general matters

``Sec.
``251. Definitions.
``252. Annual report on programs carried out by the Department of 
              Defense to provide training, equipment, or other 
              assistance or reimbursement to foreign security forces.

           ``subchapter ii--military-to-military engagements

``256. Authority for non-reciprocal exchanges of defense personnel 
              between the United States and foreign countries.
``257. Bilateral or regional cooperation programs: awards and mementos 
              to recognize superior noncombat achievements or 
              performance.

             ``subchapter iii--training with foreign forces

``263. Participation of developing countries in combined exercises: 
              payment of incremental expenses.

     ``subchapter iv--support for operations and capacity building

``271. Allied forces participating in combined operations: authority to 
              provide logistic support, supplies, and services.
``272. Authority to build the capacity of foreign security forces.
``273. Friendly foreign countries; international and regional 
              organizations: defense institution capacity building.

          ``subchapter v--educational and training activities

``281. Regional Centers for Security Studies.
``282. Western Hemisphere Institute for Security Cooperation.
``283. Participation in multinational military centers of excellence.
``284. Distribution to certain foreign personnel of education and 
              training materials and information technology to enhance 
              military interoperability with the armed forces.

[[Page H2531]]

``285. Aviation Leadership Program.
``286. Inter-American Air Forces Academy.
``287. Inter-European Air Forces Academy.

   ``subchapter vi--limitations on use of department of defense funds

``293. Prohibition on providing financial assistance to terrorist 
              countries.
``294. Prohibition on use of funds for assistance to units of foreign 
              security forces that have committed a gross violation of 
              human rights.

                    ``Subchapter I--General Matters

     ``SEC. 251. DEFINITIONS.

       ``In this chapter:
       ``(1) The terms `appropriate congressional committees' and 
     `appropriate committees of Congress' mean the following:
       ``(A) The congressional defense committees.
       ``(B) The Committee on Foreign Relations of the Senate and 
     the Committee on Foreign Affairs of the House of 
     Representatives.
       ``(2) The term `small-scale construction' means, with 
     respect to a project, construction at a total cost not to 
     exceed $750,000 for the project.

           ``Subchapter II--Military-to-Military Engagements

             ``Subchapter III--Training With Foreign Forces

     ``Subchapter IV--Support for Operations and Capacity Building

          ``Subchapter V--Educational and Training Activities

 ``Subchapter VI--Limitations on Use of Department of Defense Funds''.

       (b) Codification of Section 1207 of FY 2010 NDAA.--
       (1) Codification.--Chapter 11 of title 10, United States 
     Code, as amended by subsection (a), is further amended by 
     inserting after the heading of subchapter II a new section 
     256 consisting of--
       (A) a heading as follows:

     ``Sec. 256. Authority for non-reciprocal exchanges of defense 
       personnel between the United States and foreign 
       countries''; and

       (B) a text consisting of the text of section 1207 of the 
     National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2010 
     (Public Law 111-84; 10 U.S.C. 168 note).
       (2) Repeal of reporting requirement.--Section 256 of title 
     10, United States Code, as added by paragraph (1), is 
     amended--
       (A) by striking subsection (e); and
       (B) by redesignating subsection (f) as subsection (e).
       (3) Conforming repeal.--Section 1207 of the National 
     Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2010 (Public Law 
     111-84; 10 U.S.C. 168 note) is repealed.
       (c) Transfer of Section 1051b.--Section 1051b of title 10, 
     United States Code, is transferred to chapter 11 of such 
     title, as amended by subsection (a), inserted after section 
     256, as inserted by subsection (b), and redesignated as 
     section 257.
       (d) Transfer of Section 2010.--Section 2010 of title 10, 
     United States Code, is transferred to chapter 11 of such 
     title, as amended by subsection (a), inserted after the 
     heading of subchapter III, and redesignated as section 263.
       (e) Transfer of Section 127d.--Section 127d of title 10, 
     United States Code, is transferred to chapter 11 of such 
     title, as amended by subsection (a), inserted after the 
     heading of subchapter IV, and redesignated as section 271.
       (f) Transfer of Section 2282.--Section 2282 of title 10, 
     United States Code, is transferred to chapter 11 of such 
     title, as amended by subsection (a), inserted after section 
     271, as transferred and redesignated by subsection (e), and 
     redesignated as section 272.
       (g) Codification of Section 1081 of FY 2012 NDAA.--
       (1) Codification.--Chapter 11 of title 10, United States 
     Code, as amended by subsection (a), is amended by inserting 
     after section 272, as transferred and redesignated by 
     subsection (f), a new section 273 consisting of--
       (A) a heading as follows:

     ``Sec. 273. Friendly foreign countries; international and 
       regional organizations: defense institution capacity 
       building''; and

       (B) a text consisting of the text of subsections (a) 
     through (d) of section 1081 of the National Defense 
     Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2012 (Public Law 112-81; 10 
     U.S.C. 168 note).
       (2) Extension of authority.--Subsection (c)(1) of section 
     273 of title 10, United States Code, as added by paragraph 
     (1), is amended by striking ``at the close of December 31, 
     2017'' and inserting ``on December 31, 2019''.
       (3) Conforming repeal.--Section 1081 of the National 
     Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2012 (Public Law 
     112-81; 10 U.S.C. 168 note) is repealed.
       (h) Transfer of Section 184 and Codification of Related 
     Provisions.--
       (1) Transfer.--Section 184 of title 10, United States Code, 
     is transferred to chapter 11 of title 10, United States Code, 
     as amended by subsection (a), inserted after the heading of 
     subchapter V, and redesignated as section 281.
       (2) Codification of reimbursement-related provisions.--
     Subsection (f)(3) of section 281 of title 10, United States 
     Code, as transferred and redesignated by paragraph (1), is 
     amended--
       (A) by inserting ``(A)'' after ``(3)''; and
       (B) by adding at the end the following new subparagraph:
       ``(B)(i) In fiscal years 2017 through 2019, the Secretary 
     of Defense may, with the concurrence of the Secretary of 
     State, waive reimbursement otherwise required under this 
     subsection of the costs of activities of Regional Centers 
     under this section for personnel of nongovernmental and 
     international organizations who participate in activities of 
     the Regional Centers that enhance cooperation of 
     nongovernmental organizations and international organizations 
     with United States forces if the Secretary of Defense 
     determines that attendance of such personnel without 
     reimbursement is in the national security interests of the 
     United States.
       ``(ii) The amount of reimbursement that may be waived under 
     clause (i) in any fiscal year may not exceed $1,000,000.''.
       (3) Codification of provisions relating to specific 
     centers.--Section 281 of title 10, United States Code, as 
     transferred and redesignated by paragraph (1), is amended by 
     adding at the end the following new subsections:
       ``(h) Authorities Specific to Marshall Center.--(1) The 
     Secretary of Defense may authorize participation by a 
     European or Eurasian country in programs of the George C. 
     Marshall European Center for Security Studies (in this 
     subsection referred to as the `Marshall Center') if the 
     Secretary determines, after consultation with the Secretary 
     of State, that such participation is in the national interest 
     of the United States.
       ``(2)(A) In the case of any person invited to serve without 
     compensation on the Marshall Center Board of Visitors, the 
     Secretary of Defense may waive any requirement for financial 
     disclosure that would otherwise apply to that person solely 
     by reason of service on such Board.
       ``(B) A member of the Marshall Center Board of Visitors may 
     not be required to register as an agent of a foreign 
     government solely by reason of service as a member of the 
     Board.
       ``(C) Notwithstanding section 219 of title 18, a non-United 
     States citizen may serve on the Marshall Center Board of 
     Visitors even though registered as a foreign agent.
       ``(3)(A) The Secretary of Defense may waive reimbursement 
     of the costs of conferences, seminars, courses of 
     instruction, or similar educational activities of the 
     Marshall Center for military officers and civilian officials 
     from states located in Europe or the territory of the former 
     Soviet Union if the Secretary determines that attendance by 
     such personnel without reimbursement is in the national 
     security interest of the United States.
       ``(B) Costs for which reimbursement is waived pursuant to 
     subparagraph (A) shall be paid from appropriations available 
     for the Center.
       ``(i) Authorities Specific to Inouye Center.--(1) The 
     Secretary of Defense may waive reimbursement of the cost of 
     conferences, seminars, courses of instruction, or similar 
     educational activities of the Daniel K. Inouye Asia-Pacific 
     Center for Security Studies for military officers and 
     civilian officials of foreign countries if the Secretary 
     determines that attendance by such personnel, without 
     reimbursement, is in the national security interest of the 
     United States.
       ``(2) Costs for which reimbursement is waived pursuant to 
     paragraph (1) shall be paid from appropriations available for 
     the Center.''.
       (4) Conforming repeals.--The following provisions of law 
     are repealed:
       (A) Section 941(b) of the Duncan Hunter National Defense 
     Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2009 (Public Law 110-417; 
     10 U.S.C. 184 note).
       (B) Section 1065 of the National Defense Authorization Act 
     for Fiscal Year 1997 (Public Law 104-201; 10 U.S.C. 113 
     note).
       (C) Section 1306 of the National Defense Authorization Act 
     for Fiscal Year 1995 (Public Law 103-337; 10 U.S.C. 113 
     note).
       (D) Section 8073 of the Department of Defense 
     Appropriations Act, 2003 (Public Law 107-248; 10 U.S.C. prec. 
     2161 note).
       (i) Transfer of Section 2166.--
       (1) Transfer.--Section 2166 of title 10, United States 
     Code, is transferred to chapter 11 of such title, as amended 
     by subsection (a), inserted after section 281, as 
     transferred, redesignated, and amended by subsection (h), and 
     redesignated as section 282.
       (2) Stylistic amendments.--Section 282 of title 10, United 
     States Code, as transferred and redesignated by paragraph 
     (1), is amended by striking ``nations'' each place it appears 
     in subsections (b) and (c) and inserting ``countries''.
       (3) Cross-reference.--Section 2612(a) of title 10, United 
     States Code, is amended by striking ``section 2166(f)(4)'' 
     and inserting ``section 282(f)(4)''.
       (j) Transfer of Section 2350m.--Section 2350m of title 10, 
     United States Code, is transferred to chapter 11 of such 
     title, as amended by subsection (a), inserted after section 
     282, as transferred and redesignated by subsection (i), and 
     redesignated as section 283.
       (k) Transfer of Section 2249d.--
       (1) Transfer.--Section 2249d of title 10, United States 
     Code, is transferred to chapter 11 of such title, as amended 
     by subsection (a), inserted after section 283, as transferred 
     and redesignated by subsection (j), and redesignated as 
     section 284.
       (2) Stylistic amendments.--Section 284 of title 10, United 
     States Code, as transferred and redesignated by paragraph 
     (1), is amended--
       (A) by striking ``nations'' in subsections (a) and (d) and 
     inserting ``countries''; and
       (B) by striking subsection (g).
       (l) Consolidation of Chapter 905 and Sections 9381, 9382, 
     and 9383.--
       (1) Consolidation.--Chapter 11 of title 10, United States 
     Code, as amended by subsection (a), is further amended by 
     inserting after section 284, as transferred and redesignated 
     by subsection (k), the following new section:

     ``Sec. 285. Aviation leadership program

       ``(a) Establishment of Program.--Under regulations 
     prescribed by the Secretary of Defense, the Secretary of the 
     Air Force may establish and maintain an Aviation Leadership 
     Program to provide undergraduate pilot training and necessary 
     related training to personnel of the air forces of friendly, 
     developing foreign countries. Training under this section 
     shall include language training and programs to promote 
     better awareness and understanding of the

[[Page H2532]]

     democratic institutions and social framework of the United 
     States.
       ``(b) Supplies and Clothing.--(1) The Secretary of the Air 
     Force may, under such conditions as the Secretary may 
     prescribe, provide to a person receiving training under this 
     section--
       ``(A) transportation incident to the training;
       ``(B) supplies and equipment to be used during the 
     training;
       ``(C) flight clothing and other special clothing required 
     for the training; and
       ``(D) billeting, food, and health services.
       ``(2) The Secretary of the Air Force may authorize such 
     expenditures from the appropriations of the Air Force as the 
     Secretary considers necessary for the efficient and effective 
     maintenance of the Program in accordance with this section.
       ``(c) Allowances.--The Secretary of the Air Force may pay 
     to a person receiving training under this section a living 
     allowance at a rate to be prescribed by the Secretary, taking 
     into account the amount of living allowances authorized for a 
     member of the armed forces under similar circumstances.''.
       (2) Conforming repeal.--Chapter 905 of title 10, United 
     States Code, is repealed.
       (m) Transfer of Section 9415.--Section 9415 of title 10, 
     United States Code, is transferred to chapter 11 of such 
     title, as amended by subsection (a), inserted after section 
     285, as added by subsection (l), and redesignated as section 
     286.
       (n) Codification of Section 1268 of FY 2015 NDAA.--
       (1) Codification.--Chapter 11 of title 10, United States 
     Code, as amended by subsection (a), is further amended by 
     inserting after section 286, as transferred and redesignated 
     by subsection (m), a new section 287 consisting of--
       (A) a heading as follows:

     ``Sec. 287. Inter-European Air Forces Academy''; and

       (B) a text consisting of the text of section 1268 of the 
     Carl Levin and Howard P. ``Buck'' McKeon National Defense 
     Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2015 (Public Law 113-291; 
     10 U.S.C. 9411 note).
       (2) Repeal of reporting requirement.--Section 287 of title 
     10, United States Code, as added by paragraph (1), is 
     amended--
       (A) by striking subsection (g); and
       (B) by redesignating subsection (h) as subsection (g).
       (3) Conforming repeal.--Section 1268 of the Carl Levin and 
     Howard P. ``Buck'' McKeon National Defense Authorization Act 
     for Fiscal Year 2015 (Public Law 113-291; 10 U.S.C. 9411 
     note) is repealed.
       (o) Transfer of Sections 2249a and 2249e.--
       (1) Transfer.--Sections 2249a and 2249e of title 10, United 
     States Code, are transferred to chapter 11 of such title, as 
     amended by subsection (a), inserted after the heading of 
     subchapter VI, and redesignated as sections 293 and 294, 
     respectively.
       (2) Conforming amendment.--Section 294 of title 10, United 
     States Code, as transferred and redesignated by paragraph 
     (1), is amended by striking subsection (f).
       (3) Cross-reference.--Section 1204(b) of the Carl Levin and 
     Howard P. ``Buck'' McKeon National Defense Authorization Act 
     for Fiscal Year 2015 (Public Law 113-291; 128 Stat. 3533; 10 
     U.S.C. 2249e note) is amended--
       (A) in paragraph (1)--
       (i) in subparagraph (A), by striking ``section 2249e of 
     title 10, United States Code (as added by subsection (a))'' 
     and inserting ``section 294 of title 10, United States 
     Code''; and
       (ii) in subparagraphs (D) and (E), by striking ``section 
     2249e of title 10, United States Code (as so added)'' and 
     inserting ``section 294 of such title''; and
       (B) in paragraph (3), by striking ``subsection (f) of 
     section 2249e of title 10, United States Code (as so added)'' 
     and inserting ``section 251(1) of such title''.
       (p) Clerical Amendments.--Title 10, United States Code, is 
     amended as follows:
       (1) The tables of chapters at the beginning of subtitle A, 
     and at the beginning of part I of subtitle A, are amended by 
     striking the item relating to chapter 11 and inserting the 
     following new item:

``11. Security cooperation...................................251''.....

       (2) The table of sections at the beginning of chapter 3 is 
     amended by striking the item relating to section 127d.
       (3) The table of sections at the beginning of chapter 7 is 
     amended by striking the item relating to section 184.
       (4) The table of sections at the beginning of chapter 53 is 
     amended by striking the item relating to section 1051b.
       (5) The table of sections at the beginning of chapter 101 
     is amended by striking the item relating to section 2010.
       (6) The table of sections at the beginning of chapter 108 
     is amended by striking the item relating to section 2166.
       (7) The table of sections at the beginning of subchapter I 
     of chapter 134 is amended by striking the items relating to 
     sections 2249a, 2249d, and 2249e.
       (8) The table of sections at the beginning of chapter 136 
     is amended by striking the item relating to section 2282.
       (9) The table of sections at the beginning of subchapter II 
     of chapter 138 is amended by striking the item relating to 
     section 2350m.
       (10) The tables of chapters at the beginning of subtitle D, 
     and at the beginning of part III of subtitle D, are amended 
     by striking the item relating to chapter 905.
       (11) The table of sections at the beginning of chapter 907 
     is amended by striking the item relating to section 9415.

                TITLE XIII--COOPERATIVE THREAT REDUCTION

     SEC. 1301. SPECIFICATION OF COOPERATIVE THREAT REDUCTION 
                   FUNDS.

       (a) Fiscal Year 2017 Cooperative Threat Reduction Funds 
     Defined.--In this title, the term ``fiscal year 2017 
     Cooperative Threat Reduction funds'' means the funds 
     appropriated pursuant to the authorization of appropriations 
     in section 301 and made available by the funding table in 
     division D for the Department of Defense Cooperative Threat 
     Reduction Program established under section 1321 of the 
     Department of Defense Cooperative Threat Reduction Act (50 
     U.S.C. 3711).
       (b) Availability of Funds.--Funds appropriated pursuant to 
     the authorization of appropriations in section 301 and made 
     available by the funding table in division D for the 
     Department of Defense Cooperative Threat Reduction Program 
     shall be available for obligation for fiscal years 2017, 
     2018, and 2019.

     SEC. 1302. FUNDING ALLOCATIONS.

       (a) In General.--Of the $325,604,000 authorized to be 
     appropriated to the Department of Defense for fiscal year 
     2017 in section 301 and made available by the funding table 
     in division D for the Department of Defense Cooperative 
     Threat Reduction Program established under section 1321 of 
     the Department of Defense Cooperative Threat Reduction Act 
     (50 U.S.C. 3711), the following amounts may be obligated for 
     the purposes specified:
       (1) For strategic offensive arms elimination, $11,791,000.
       (2) For chemical weapons destruction, $2,942,000.
       (3) For global nuclear security, $16,899,000.
       (4) For cooperative biological engagement, $213,984,000.
       (5) For proliferation prevention, $50,709,000, of which--
       (A) $4,000,000 may be obligated for purposes relating to 
     nuclear nonproliferation assisted or caused by additive 
     manufacture technology (commonly referred to as ``3D 
     printing'');
       (B) $4,000,000 may be obligated for monitoring the 
     ``proliferation pathways'' under the Joint Comprehensive Plan 
     of Action;
       (C) $4, 000,000 may be obligated for enhancing law 
     enforcement cooperation and intelligence sharing; and
       (D) $4,000,000 may be obligated for the Proliferation 
     Security Initiative under subtitle B of title XVIII of the 
     Implementing Recommendations of the 9/11 Commission Act of 
     2007 (50 U.S.C. 2911 et seq.).
       (6) For threat reduction engagement, $2,000,000.
       (7) For activities designated as Other Assessments/
     Administrative Costs, $27,279,000.
       (b) Modifications to Certain Requirements.--The Department 
     of Defense Cooperative Threat Reduction Act (50 U.S.C. 3701 
     et seq.) is amended as follows:
       (1) Section 1321(g)(1) (50 U.S.C. 3711(g)(1)) is amended by 
     striking ``15 days'' and inserting ``45 days''.
       (2) Section 1322(b) (50 U.S.C. 3712(b)) is amended--
       (A) by striking ``At the time at which'' and inserting 
     ``Not later than 15 days before the date on which'';
       (B) in paragraph (1), by striking ``; and'' and inserting a 
     semicolon;
       (C) in paragraph (2), by striking the period and inserting 
     ``; and''; and
       (D) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
       ``(3) a discussion of--
       ``(A) whether authorities other than the authority under 
     this section are available to the Secretaries to perform such 
     project or activity to meet the threats or goals identified 
     under subsection (a)(1); and
       ``(B) if such other authorities exist, why the Secretaries 
     were not able to use such authorities for such project or 
     activity.''.
       (3) Section 1323(b)(3) (50 U.S.C. 3713(b)(3)) is amended by 
     striking ``at the time at which'' and inserting ``not later 
     than seven days before the date on which''.
       (4) Section 1324 (50 U.S.C. 3714) is amended--
       (A) in subsection (a)(1)(C), by striking ``15 days'' and 
     inserting ``45 days''; and
       (B) in subsection (b)(3), by striking ``15 days'' and 
     inserting ``45 days''.
       (c) Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action Defined.--In this 
     section, the term ``Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action'' 
     means the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action, signed at 
     Vienna July 14, 2015, by Iran and by the People's Republic of 
     China, France, Germany, the Russian Federation, the United 
     Kingdom and the United States, with the High Representative 
     of the European Union for Foreign Affairs and Security 
     Policy, and all implementing materials and agreements related 
     to the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action, and transmitted by 
     the President to Congress on July 19, 2015, pursuant to 
     section 135(a) of the Atomic Energy Act of 1954, as amended 
     by the Iran Nuclear Agreement Review Act of 2015 (Public Law 
     114-17; 129 Stat. 201).

     SEC. 1303. LIMITATION ON AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS FOR 
                   COOPERATIVE THREAT REDUCTION IN PEOPLE'S 
                   REPUBLIC OF CHINA.

       The Department of Defense Cooperative Threat Reduction Act 
     (50 U.S.C. 3701 et seq.) is amended by inserting after 
     section 1334 the following new section:

     ``SEC. 1335. LIMITATION ON AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS FOR 
                   COOPERATIVE THREAT REDUCTION ACTIVITIES IN 
                   PEOPLE'S REPUBLIC OF CHINA.

       ``(a) Quarterly Installments.--In carrying out activities 
     under the Program in the People's Republic of China, the 
     Secretary of Defense shall ensure that Cooperative Threat 
     Reduction funds for such activities are obligated or expended 
     in quarterly installments.
       ``(b) Quarterly Certifications.--
       ``(1) Limitation.--The Secretary of Defense may not 
     obligate or expend any Cooperative Threat Reduction funds for 
     activities in the People's Republic of China during a quarter 
     unless the Secretary submits to the congressional

[[Page H2533]]

     defense committees and the Committee on Foreign Affairs of 
     the House of Representatives and the Committee on Foreign 
     Relations of the Senate the certification under paragraph (2) 
     with respect to such quarter.
       ``(2) Submission.--On a quarterly basis, the Secretary 
     shall submit to the committees specified in paragraph (1) a 
     certification, made in concurrence with the Secretary of 
     State, of the following:
       ``(A) China has taken material steps to--
       ``(i) disrupt the proliferation activities of Li Fangwei 
     (also known as Karl Lee, or any other alias known by the 
     United States); and
       ``(ii) arrest Li Fangwei pursuant the indictment charged in 
     the United States District Court for the Southern District of 
     New York on April 29, 2014.
       ``(B) China has not proliferated to any non-nuclear weapons 
     state, or any nuclear weapons state in violation of the 
     Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons, any item 
     that contributes to a ballistic missile or nuclear weapons 
     delivery system.
       ``(3) Coverage.--The first notification made under 
     paragraph (2) shall cover the preceding 12-month period 
     before the date of such notification. Each subsequent 
     notification shall cover the quarter preceding the date of 
     such notification.''.

                    TITLE XIV--OTHER AUTHORIZATIONS

                     Subtitle A--Military Programs

     SEC. 1401. WORKING CAPITAL FUNDS.

       Funds are hereby authorized to be appropriated for fiscal 
     year 2017 for the use of the Armed Forces and other 
     activities and agencies of the Department of Defense for 
     providing capital for working capital and revolving funds, as 
     specified in the funding table in section 4501.

     SEC. 1402. NATIONAL DEFENSE SEALIFT FUND.

       Funds are hereby authorized to be appropriated for fiscal 
     year 2017 for the National Defense Sealift Fund, as specified 
     in the funding table in section 4501.

     SEC. 1403. CHEMICAL AGENTS AND MUNITIONS DESTRUCTION, 
                   DEFENSE.

       (a) Authorization of Appropriations.--Funds are hereby 
     authorized to be appropriated for the Department of Defense 
     for fiscal year 2017 for expenses, not otherwise provided 
     for, for Chemical Agents and Munitions Destruction, Defense, 
     as specified in the funding table in section 4501.
       (b) Use.--Amounts authorized to be appropriated under 
     subsection (a) are authorized for--
       (1) the destruction of lethal chemical agents and munitions 
     in accordance with section 1412 of the Department of Defense 
     Authorization Act, 1986 (50 U.S.C. 1521); and
       (2) the destruction of chemical warfare materiel of the 
     United States that is not covered by section 1412 of such 
     Act.

     SEC. 1404. DRUG INTERDICTION AND COUNTER-DRUG ACTIVITIES, 
                   DEFENSE-WIDE.

       Funds are hereby authorized to be appropriated for the 
     Department of Defense for fiscal year 2017 for expenses, not 
     otherwise provided for, for Drug Interdiction and Counter-
     Drug Activities, Defense-wide, as specified in the funding 
     table in section 4501.

     SEC. 1405. DEFENSE INSPECTOR GENERAL.

       Funds are hereby authorized to be appropriated for the 
     Department of Defense for fiscal year 2017 for expenses, not 
     otherwise provided for, for the Office of the Inspector 
     General of the Department of Defense, as specified in the 
     funding table in section 4501.

     SEC. 1406. DEFENSE HEALTH PROGRAM.

       Funds are hereby authorized to be appropriated for fiscal 
     year 2017 for the Defense Health Program, as specified in the 
     funding table in section 4501, for use of the Armed Forces 
     and other activities and agencies of the Department of 
     Defense in providing for the health of eligible 
     beneficiaries.

     SEC. 1407. NATIONAL SEA-BASED DETERRENCE FUND.

       Funds are hereby authorized to be appropriated for fiscal 
     year 2017 for the National Sea-Based Deterrence Fund as 
     specified in the funding table in section 4501.

                 Subtitle B--National Defense Stockpile

     SEC. 1411. AUTHORITY TO DISPOSE OF CERTAIN MATERIALS FROM AND 
                   TO ACQUIRE ADDITIONAL MATERIALS FOR THE 
                   NATIONAL DEFENSE STOCKPILE.

       (a) Disposal Authority.--Pursuant to section 5(b) of the 
     Strategic and Critical Materials Stock Piling Act (50 U.S.C. 
     98d(b)), the National Defense Stockpile Manager may dispose 
     of the following materials contained in the National Defense 
     Stockpile in the following quantities:
       (1) 27 short tons of beryllium.
       (2) 111,149 short tons of chromium, ferroalloy.
       (3) 2,973 short tons of chromium metal.
       (4) 8,380 troy ounces of platinum.
       (5) 275,741 pounds of contained tungsten metal powder.
       (6) 12,433,796 pounds of contained tungsten ores and 
     concentrates.
       (b) Acquisition Authority.--
       (1) Authority.--Using funds available in the National 
     Defense Stockpile Transaction Fund, the National Defense 
     Stockpile Manager may acquire the following materials 
     determined to be strategic and critical materials required to 
     meet the defense, industrial, and essential civilian needs of 
     the United States:
       (A) High modulus and high strength carbon fibers.
       (B) Tantalum.
       (C) Germanium.
       (D) Tungsten rhenium metal.
       (E) Boron carbide powder.
       (F) Europium.
       (G) Silicon carbide fiber.
       (2) Amount of authority.--The National Defense Stockpile 
     Manager may use up to $55,000,0000 in the National Defense 
     Stockpile Transaction Fund for acquisition of the materials 
     specified paragraph (1).
       (3) Fiscal year limitation.--The authority under paragraph 
     (1) is available for purchases during fiscal year 2017