June 29, 2017 - Issue: Vol. 163, No. 112 — Daily Edition115th Congress (2017 - 2018) - 1st Session
STATEMENTS ON INTRODUCED BILLS AND JOINT RESOLUTIONS; Congressional Record Vol. 163, No. 112
(Senate - June 29, 2017)
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[Pages S3860-S3863] From the Congressional Record Online through the Government Publishing Office [www.gpo.gov] STATEMENTS ON INTRODUCED BILLS AND JOINT RESOLUTIONS By Mr. CORNYN (for himself and Mr. Inhofe): S. 1478. A bill to improve the Defense Siting Clearinghouse; to the Committee on Armed Services. Mr. CORNYN. Mr. President, I ask unanimous consent that the text of the bill be printed in the Record. There being no objection, the text of the bill was ordered to be printed in the Record, as follows: S. 1478 Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE. This Act may be cited as the ``Defense Siting Clearinghouse Improvement Act of 2017''. SEC. 2. DEFENSE SITING CLEARINGHOUSE. (a) Codification.--Chapter 7 of title 10, United States Code, is amended by inserting after section 183 the following new section: ``Sec. 183a. Defense Siting Clearinghouse for review of mission obstructions ``(a) Establishment.--(1) The Secretary of Defense shall establish a Defense Siting Clearinghouse (in this section referred to as the `Clearinghouse'). ``(2) The Clearinghouse shall be-- ``(A) organized under the authority, direction, and control of an Assistant Secretary of Defense designated by the Secretary; and ``(B) assigned such personnel and resources as the Secretary considers appropriate to carry out this section. ``(b) Functions.--(1) The Clearinghouse shall serve as a clearinghouse to coordinate Department of Defense review of applications for energy projects filed with the Secretary of Transportation pursuant to section 44718 of title 49 and received by the Department of Defense from the Secretary of Transportation. ``(2) The Clearinghouse shall accelerate the development of planning tools necessary to determine the acceptability to the Department of Defense of proposals included in an application for an energy project submitted pursuant to such section. ``(3) The Clearinghouse shall perform such other functions as the Secretary of Defense assigns. ``(c) Review of Proposed Actions.--(1) Not later than 30 days after receiving from the Secretary of Transportation a proper application for an energy project under section 44718 of title 49 that may have an adverse impact on military operations and readiness, the Clearinghouse shall conduct a preliminary review of such application. The review shall-- ``(A) assess the likely scope, duration, and level of risk of any adverse impact of such energy project on military operations and readiness; and ``(B) identify any feasible and affordable actions that could be taken by the Department, the developer of such energy project, or others to mitigate the adverse impact and to minimize risks to national security while allowing the energy project to proceed with development. ``(2) If the Clearinghouse determines under paragraph (1) that an energy project will have an adverse impact on military operations and readiness, the Secretary of Defense shall issue to the applicant a notice of presumed risk that describes the concerns identified by the Department in the preliminary review and requests a discussion of possible mitigation actions. ``(3) The Clearinghouse shall develop, in coordination with other departments and agencies of the Federal Government, an integrated review process to ensure timely notification and consideration of energy projects filed with the Secretary of Transportation pursuant to section 44718 of title 49 that may have an adverse impact on military operations and readiness. ``(4) The Clearinghouse shall establish procedures for the Department of Defense for the coordinated consideration of and response to a request for a review received from another Federal agency, a State government, an Indian tribal government, a local government, a landowner, or the developer of an energy project, including guidance to personnel at each military installation in the United States on how to initiate such procedures and ensure a coordinated Department response. ``(5) The Clearinghouse shall develop procedures for conducting early outreach to parties carrying out energy projects that could have an adverse impact on military operations and readiness and to clearly communicate to such parties actions being taken by the Department of Defense under this section. ``(d) Comprehensive Review.--(1) The Secretary of Defense shall develop a comprehensive strategy for addressing the military impacts of projects filed with the Secretary of Transportation pursuant to section 44718 of title 49. ``(2) In developing the strategy required by paragraph (1), the Secretary shall-- ``(A) assess of the magnitude of interference posed by projects filed with the Secretary of Transportation pursuant to section 44718 of title 49; ``(B) for the purpose of informing preliminary reviews under subsection (c)(1) and [[Page S3861]] early outreach efforts under subsection (c)(5), identify geographic areas selected as proposed locations for projects filed, or which may be filed in the future, with the Secretary of Transportation pursuant to section 44718 of title 49 where such projects could have an adverse impact on military operations and readiness and categorize the risk of adverse impact in such areas; and ``(C) specifically identify feasible and affordable long- term actions that may be taken to mitigate adverse impacts of projects filed, or which may be filed in the future, with the Secretary of Transportation pursuant to section 44718 of title 49, on military operations and readiness, including-- ``(i) investment priorities of the Department of Defense with respect to research and development; ``(ii) modifications to military operations to accommodate applications for such projects; ``(iii) recommended upgrades or modifications to existing systems or procedures by the Department of Defense; ``(iv) acquisition of new systems by the Department and other departments and agencies of the Federal Government and timelines for fielding such new systems; and ``(v) modifications to the projects for which such applications are filed, including changes in size, location, or technology. ``(e) Department of Defense Determination of Unacceptable Risk.--(1) The Secretary of Defense may not object to an energy project filed with the Secretary of Transportation pursuant to section 44718 of title 49, except in a case in which the Secretary of Defense determines, after giving full consideration to mitigation actions identified pursuant to this section, that such project would result in an unacceptable risk to the national security of the United States. Such a determination shall constitute a finding pursuant to section 44718(f) of title 49. ``(2) Not later than 30 days after making a determination of unacceptable risk under paragraph (1), the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the congressional defense committees a report on such determination and the basis for such determination. Such report shall include an explanation of the operational impact that led to the determination, a discussion of the mitigation options considered, and an explanation of why the mitigation options were not feasible or did not resolve the conflict. The Secretary of Defense may provide public notice through the Federal Register of the determination. ``(3) The Secretary of Defense may only delegate the responsibility for making a determination of unacceptable risk under paragraph (1) to the Deputy Secretary of Defense, an under secretary of defense, or a principal deputy under secretary of defense. ``(f) Authority to Accept Contributions of Funds.--The Secretary of Defense is authorized to request and accept a voluntary contribution of funds from an applicant for a project filed with the Secretary of Transportation pursuant to section 44718 of title 49. Amounts so accepted shall remain available until expended for the purpose of offsetting the cost of measures undertaken by the Secretary of Defense to mitigate adverse impacts of such a project on military operations and readiness or to conduct studies of potential measures to mitigate such impacts. ``(g) Effect of Department of Defense Hazard Assessment.-- An action taken pursuant to this section shall not be considered to be a substitute for any assessment or determination required of the Secretary of Transportation under section 44718 of title 49. ``(h) Savings Clause.--Nothing in this section shall be construed to affect or limit the application of, or any obligation to comply with, any environmental law, including the National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 (42 U.S.C. 4321 et seq.). ``(i) Definitions.--In this section: ``(1) The term `adverse impact on military operations and readiness' means any adverse impact upon military operations and readiness, including flight operations, research, development, testing, and evaluation, and training, that is demonstrable and is likely to impair or degrade the ability of the armed forces to perform their warfighting missions. ``(2) The term `energy project' means a project that provides for the generation or transmission of electrical energy. ``(3) The term `landowner' means a person that owns a fee interest in real property on which a proposed energy project is planned to be located. ``(4) The term `military installation' has the meaning given that term in section 2801(c)(4) of this title. ``(5) The term `military readiness' includes any training or operation that could be related to combat readiness, including testing and evaluation activities. ``(6) The term `military training route' means a training route developed as part of the Military Training Route Program, carried out jointly by the Federal Aviation Administration and the Secretary of Defense, for use by the armed forces for the purpose of conducting low-altitude, high-speed military training. ``(7) The term `unacceptable risk to the national security of the United States' means the construction, alteration, establishment, or expansion, or the proposed construction, alteration, establishment, or expansion, of a structure or sanitary landfill that would-- ``(A) endanger safety in air commerce, related to the activities of the Department of Defense; ``(B) interfere with the efficient use and preservation of the navigable airspace and of airport traffic capacity at public-use airports, related to the activities of the Department of Defense; or ``(C) significantly impair or degrade the capability of the Department of Defense to conduct training, research, development, testing, and evaluation, and operations or to maintain military readiness.''. (b) Conforming and Clerical Amendments.-- (1) Repeal of existing provision.--Section 358 of the Ike Skelton National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2011 (49 U.S.C. 44718 note) is repealed. (2) Reference to regulations.--Section 44718(g) of title 49, United States Code, is amended by striking ``211.3 of title 32, Code of Federal Regulations, as in effect on January 6, 2014'' both places it appears and inserting ``183a(i) of title 10''. (3) Table of sections amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning of chapter 7 of title 10 is amended by inserting after the item relating to section 183 the following new item: ``183a. Defense Siting Clearinghouse for review of mission obstructions.''. (c) Applicability of Existing Rules and Regulations.-- Notwithstanding the amendments made by subsection (a), any rule or regulation promulgated to carry out section 358 of the Ike Skelton National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2011 (49 U.S.C. 44718 note) that is in effect on the day before the date of the enactment of this Act shall continue in effect and apply to the extent such rule or regulation is consistent with the authority under section 183a of title 10, United States Code, as added by subsection (a), until such rule or regulation is otherwise amended or repealed. ______ By Mr. DAINES (for himself and Mr. Merkley): S. 1497. A bill to amend title 40, United States Code, to provide a lactation room in public buildings, and for other purposes; to the Committee on Environment and Public Works. Mr. DAINES. Mr. President, I ask unanimous consent that the text of the bill be printed in the Record. There being no objection, the text of the bill was ordered to be printed in the Record, as follows: Mr. DAINES. Mr. President, as a father of four and a traveling family, I know how important and challenging it is for nursing mothers to find a space to care for and feed their children. As our society and economy becomes ever more transient, we need to provide spaces for mothers on the go and ease their return to the workforce. Last Congress, I helped ensure the Bottles and Breastfeeding Equipment Screening Act became law, which eased the burden traveling mothers experienced. We need to continue easing this burden and expand facilities in public buildings. Federal agencies, under current law, are required to provide space for nursing mothers to pump breastmilk for their newborns. Additionally, General Services Administration requires installation of these spaces for all newly constructed federal buildings, as well as those undergoing modernizations. These rooms are a simple hygienic place, other than a bathroom, that are shielded from view, free from intrusion, contain a chair, a table surface, and an electrical outlet. This is good policy and should be extended to the public when visiting Federal facilities for business or other purposes. That is why I am introducing the Fairness For Breastfeeding Mothers Act. This legislation would simply extend the use of these facilities in public buildings to visitors, ensuring all mothers can continue to care for their children. I want to thank Senator Merkley for being the Democrat lead as well as Congresswoman Norton's lead in the House of Representatives. I ask my Senate colleagues to join us in support of this important legislation. S. 1497 Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE. This Act may be cited as the ``Fairness For Breastfeeding Mothers Act of 2017''. SEC. 2. LACTATION ROOMS IN PUBLIC BUILDINGS. (a) In General.--Chapter 33 of title 40, United States Code, is amended-- (1) by redesignating sections 3315, 3316, and 3317 as sections 3316, 3317, and 3318, respectively; and (2) by inserting after section 3314 the following: ``Sec. 3315. Lactation rooms in public buildings ``(a) Definitions.--In this section: ``(1) Appropriate authority.--The term `appropriate authority' means-- ``(A) the head of a Federal agency; [[Page S3862]] ``(B) the Architect of the Capitol; and ``(C) another official authority responsible for the operation of a public building. ``(2) Covered public building.-- ``(A) In general.--The term `covered public building' means a public building that-- ``(i) is open to the public; and ``(ii) contains a public restroom. ``(B) Inclusion.--The term `covered public building' includes a building listed in section 5101 or 6301. ``(3) Lactation room.--The term `lactation room' means a hygienic place, other than a bathroom, that-- ``(A) is shielded from view; ``(B) is free from intrusion; and ``(C) contains-- ``(i) a chair; ``(ii) a working surface; and ``(iii) if the public building is supplied with electricity, an electrical outlet. ``(b) Lactation Rooms Required.--Except as provided in subsection (c), the appropriate authority of a covered public building shall ensure that the building contains a lactation room that is made available for use by members of the public to express breast milk. ``(c) Exceptions.--A covered public building may be excluded from the requirement in subsection (b) at the discretion of the appropriate authority if-- ``(1) the public building-- ``(A) does not contain a lactation room for employees who work in the building; and ``(B) does not have a room that could be repurposed as a lactation room or a space that could be made private using portable materials, at a reasonable cost; or ``(2) new construction would be required to create a lactation room in the public building and the cost of the construction is not feasible. ``(d) No Unauthorized Entry.--Nothing in this section authorizes an individual to enter a public building or portion of a public building that the individual is not otherwise authorized to enter.''. (b) Technical Amendment.--The table of sections for chapter 33 of title 40, United States Code, is amended by striking the items relating to sections 3315 through 3317 and inserting the following: ``3315. Lactation rooms in public buildings. ``3316. Delegation. ``3317. Report to Congress. ``3318. Certain authority not affected.''. (c) Effective Date.--The amendments made by this section shall take effect 1 year after the date of enactment of this Act. ______ By Ms. COLLINS (for herself, Mrs. Feinstein, Ms. Baldwin, Ms. Cortez Masto, Mrs. Gillibrand, Ms. Hassan, Ms. Heitkamp, Mrs. Murray, Mrs. Shaheen, Ms. Warren, Mr. Booker, and Ms. Cantwell): S. 1498. A bill to establish in the Smithsonian Institution a comprehensive American women's history museum, and for other purposes; to the Committee on Rules and Administration. Ms. COLLINS. Mr. President, I am pleased to introduce, along with the senior Senator from California, Senator Feinstein, the Smithsonian American Women's History Museum Act. This bill would establish an American women's history museum in our Nation's capital. =========================== NOTE =========================== On page S3862, June 29, 2017, in the first column, the following appears: S. 1498. A bill to establish in the Smithsonian Institution a comprehensive American women's history museum, and for other purposes; to the Committee on Rules and Administration. Mr. President, I am pleased to introduce, along with the senior Senator from California, . . . The online Record has been corrected to read: S. 1498. A bill to establish in the Smithsonian Institution a comprehensive American women's history museum, and for other purposes; to the Committee on Rules and Administration. Ms. COLLINS. Mr. President, I am pleased to introduce, along with the senior Senator from California, . . . ========================= END NOTE ========================= American women have made invaluable contributions to our Country in diverse fields such as government, business, medicine, law, literature, sports, entertainment, the arts, and the military. Telling the history of American women matters, and a museum recognizing these achievements and experiences is long overdue. In 1999, a Presidential commission on commemorating women in American history concluded that an ``appropriate celebration of women's history in the next millennium should include the designation of a focal point for women's history in our Nation's capital.'' In 2014, Congress took an important step toward realizing this goal when it passed legislation creating an independent, bipartisan Commission to study the potential for establishing such a museum in Washington, DC. Following 18 months of study, the bipartisan Commission unanimously concluded, ``America needs and deserves a physical national museum dedicated to showcasing the historical experiences and impact of women in the country.'' Mr. President, I could not agree more. The bill we are introducing today is the next step toward creating this national museum. Incorporating the recommendations of the bipartisan Commission, the bill would establish a national museum to collect, study, and create programs incorporating and exhibiting a wide spectrum of American women's experiences, contributions, and history. Although the Smithsonian Institution would be the governing body, the bill requires that the construction of the museum be financed entirely with private funds. Mr. President, nearly 100 years ago, American women won the right to vote after a decades-long fight for suffrage. The story, leaders, and lessons of women's suffrage are among the most powerful in our Nation's history. As the centennial celebration of that historic moment nears, I can think of few better ways to honor those women and that momentous achievement than by passing this legislation. A museum dedicated to women's history would help ensure that future generations understand what we owe to those American women who have helped build, sustain, and advance our society. I urge my colleagues to support this legislation. ______ By Mr. REED (for himself, Mr. Kennedy, and Mr. Menendez): S. 1507. A bill to amend the National Flood Insurance Act of 1968 to allow the Administrator of the Federal Emergency Management Agency to provide capitalization grants to States to establish revolving funds to provide funding assistance to reduce flood risks, and for other purposes; to the Committee on Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs. Mr. REED. Mr. President, today I am introducing the State Flood Mitigation Revolving Fund Act of 2017 along with Senators Kennedy and Menendez. The purpose of this bill is to reduce flood risk and the costs associated with flooding by establishing a State revolving loan program to fund mitigation projects for homeowners, businesses, and communities. This includes activities such as home elevations, flood proofing, acquisitions, and environmental restoration. By funding projects that reduce risk, the bill also provides an avenue to help middle-income and low-income property owners reduce their flood insurance premiums. Mr. President, flooding is the most common and costly hazard facing American property owners. Every year, we are reminded of this when we see catastrophic flooding in communities across the country. Since 2010, my home State of Rhode Island has experienced two Presidentially- declared flooding disasters, which have cost the Federal government over $86 million in payments from the National Flood Insurance Program. Nationally, disasters like these have caused FEMA to pay out an average of nearly $3 billion a year in flood insurance claims over the last five years--not to mention the billions in disaster payments for uninsured damage. Almost universally, experts remind us that the best way to reduce the cost of flooding is to engage in proactive, not reactive, flood mitigation. This is what the State Flood Mitigation Revolving Fund Act seeks to do. Modeled on the successful Clean Water and Drinking Water State Revolving Funds, this bill creates a straightforward and easily accessible program through which States can offer low-interest loans to homeowners, businesses, and communities who want to mitigate their flood risk. By creating a revolving fund, the bill will allow States to design and more efficiently implement their own flood mitigation strategies provided that they help achieve Federal objectives such as reducing disaster payments. Within this construct, the bill gives States the flexibility to undertake flood mitigation projects without the red tape associated with other Federal disaster mitigation programs. The bill requires state to provide a match of 20 percent, but they would have an incentive to further leverage Federal dollars, as many already do under the drinking water and clean water SRFs. Additionally, the bill ensures mitigation assistance is focused on where the flood risk is greatest and where people are most vulnerable. The bill requires States to prioritize mitigation assistance for low- income homeowners and geographic areas, pre-FIRM buildings, and severe repetitive loss and repetitive loss buildings. Finally, it gives States the option of providing additional subsidization for low-income property-owners and-communities that simply do not have the wherewithal to assume additional debt. Mr. President, as we talk about appropriate investments in infrastructure, mitigation is one place where we should be putting our money. FEMA reports that every $1 we spend on mitigation generates $4 in future savings. Not only will this legislation lead to a healthy return on investment, it will [[Page S3863]] also create jobs through the work it funds I invite my colleagues to join me, Senator Kennedy, and Senator Menendez in supporting this legislation. ____________________