CONFERENCE REPORT AND EXPLANATORY MATERIAL STATEMENT ON H.R. 2810, NATIONAL DEFENSE AUTHORIZATION ACT FOR FISCAL YEAR 2018, SUBMITTED BY MR. THORNBERRY, CHAIRMAN OF THE HOUSE COMMITTEE ON ARMED...; Congressional Record Vol. 163, No. 183
(House of Representatives - November 09, 2017)

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  CONFERENCE REPORT AND EXPLANATORY MATERIAL STATEMENT ON H.R. 2810, 
 NATIONAL DEFENSE AUTHORIZATION ACT FOR FISCAL YEAR 2018, SUBMITTED BY 
   MR. THORNBERRY, CHAIRMAN OF THE HOUSE COMMITTEE ON ARMED SERVICES

                  Conference Report (H. Rept. 115-404)

       The Committee of conference on the disagreeing votes of the 
     two Houses on the amendment of the Senate to the bill (H.R. 
     2810), to authorize appropriations for fiscal year 2018 for 
     military activities of the Department of Defense, for 
     military construction, and for defense activities of the 
     Department of Energy, to prescribe military personnel 
     strengths for such fiscal year, and for other purposes, 
     having met, after full and free conference, have agreed to 
     recommend and do recommend to their respective Houses as 
     follows:
       That the House recede from its disagreement to the 
     amendment of the Senate and agree to the same with an 
     amendment as follows:
       In lieu of the matter proposed to be inserted by the Senate 
     amendment, insert the following:

     SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE.

       This Act may be cited as the ``National Defense 
     Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2018''.

     SEC. 2. ORGANIZATION OF ACT INTO DIVISIONS; TABLE OF 
                   CONTENTS.

       (a) Divisions.--This Act is organized into four divisions 
     as follows:
       (1) Division A--Department of Defense Authorizations.
       (2) Division B--Military Construction Authorizations.
       (3) Division C--Department of Energy National Security 
     Authorizations and Other Authorizations.
       (4) Division D--Funding Tables.
       (b) Table of Contents.--The table of contents for this Act 
     is as follows:

Sec. 1. Short title.
Sec. 2. Organization of Act into divisions; table of contents.
Sec. 3. Congressional defense committees.
Sec. 4. Budgetary effects of this Act.

            DIVISION A--DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE AUTHORIZATIONS

                          TITLE I--PROCUREMENT

              Subtitle A--Authorization Of Appropriations

Sec. 101. Authorization of appropriations.

                       Subtitle B--Army Programs

Sec. 111. Authority to expedite procurement of 7.62mm rifles.
Sec. 112. Limitation on availability of funds for Increment 2 of the 
              Warfighter Information Network-Tactical program.
Sec. 113. Limitation on availability of funds for upgrade of M113 
              vehicles.

                       Subtitle C--Navy Programs

Sec. 121. Aircraft carriers.
Sec. 122. Icebreaker vessel.
Sec. 123. Multiyear procurement authority for Arleigh Burke class 
              destroyers.
Sec. 124. Multiyear procurement authority for Virginia class submarine 
              program.
Sec. 125. Design and construction of the lead ship of the amphibious 
              ship replacement designated LX(R) or amphibious transport 
              dock designated LPD-30.
Sec. 126. Multiyear procurement authority for V-22 Osprey aircraft.
Sec. 127. Extension of limitation on use of sole-source shipbuilding 
              contracts for certain vessels.
Sec. 128. Limitation on availability of funds for the enhanced multi-
              mission parachute system.
Sec. 129. Report on Navy capacity to increase production of certain 
              rotary wing aircraft.

                     Subtitle D--Air Force Programs

Sec. 131. Inventory requirement for Air Force fighter aircraft.
Sec. 132. Prohibition on availability of funds for retirement of E-8 
              JSTARS aircraft.
Sec. 133. Requirement for continuation of JSTARS aircraft 
              recapitalization program.
Sec. 134. Limitation on selection of single contractor for C-130H 
              avionics modernization program increment 2.
Sec. 135. Limitation on availability of funds for EC-130H Compass Call 
              recapitalization program.
Sec. 136. Limitation on retirement of U-2 and RQ-4 aircraft.
Sec. 137. Cost-benefit analysis of upgrades to MQ-9 Reaper aircraft.
Sec. 138. Plan for modernization of the radar for F-16 fighter aircraft 
              of the National Guard.
Sec. 139. Comptroller General review of Air Force fielding plan for HH-
              60 replacement programs.

       Subtitle E--Defense-wide, Joint, and Multiservice Matters

Sec. 141. F-35 economic order quantity contracting authority.
Sec. 142. Authority for explosive ordnance disposal units to acquire 
              new or emerging technologies and capabilities.
Sec. 143.  Requirement that certain aircraft and unmanned aerial 
              vehicles use specified standard data link.
Sec. 144. Reinstatement of requirement to preserve certain C-5 
              aircraft; mobility capability and requirements study.

         TITLE II--RESEARCH, DEVELOPMENT, TEST, AND EVALUATION

              Subtitle A--Authorization of Appropriations

Sec. 201. Authorization of appropriations.

    Subtitle B--Program Requirements, Restrictions, and Limitations

Sec. 211. Cost controls for presidential aircraft recapitalization 
              program.
Sec. 212. Capital investment authority.
Sec. 213. Prizes for advanced technology achievements.
Sec. 214. Joint Hypersonics Transition Office.
Sec. 215. Department of Defense directed energy weapon system 
              prototyping and demonstration program.
Sec. 216. Appropriate use of authority for prototype projects.
Sec. 217. Mechanisms for expedited access to technical talent and 
              expertise at academic institutions to support Department 
              of Defense missions.
Sec. 218. Modification of laboratory quality enhancement program.
Sec. 219. Reauthorization of Department of Defense Established Program 
              to Stimulate Competitive Research.
Sec. 220. Codification and enhancement of authorities to provide funds 
              for defense laboratories for research and development of 
              technologies for military missions.
Sec. 221. Expansion of definition of competitive procedures to include 
              competitive selection for award of science and technology 
              proposals.
Sec. 222. Inclusion of modeling and simulation in test and evaluation 
              activities for purposes of planning and budget 
              certification.
Sec. 223. Limitation on availability of funds for F-35 Joint Strike 
              Fighter Follow-On Modernization.

[[Page H8702]]

Sec. 224. Improvement of update process for populating mission data 
              files used in advanced combat aircraft.
Sec. 225. Support for national security innovation and entrepreneurial 
              education.
Sec. 226. Limitation on cancellation of designation Executive Agent for 
              a certain Defense Production Act program.

                 Subtitle C--Reports and Other Matters

Sec. 231. Columbia-class program accountability matrices.
Sec. 232. Review of barriers to innovation in research and engineering 
              activities of the Department of Defense.
Sec. 233. Pilot program to improve incentives for technology transfer 
              from Department of Defense laboratories.
Sec. 234. Competitive acquisition plan for low probability of detection 
              data link networks.
Sec. 235. Clarification of selection dates for pilot program for the 
              enhancement of the research, development, test, and 
              evaluation centers of the Department of Defense.
Sec. 236. Requirement for a plan to build a prototype for a new ground 
              combat vehicle for the Army.
Sec. 237. Plan for successfully fielding the Integrated Air and Missile 
              Defense Battle Command System.

                  TITLE III--OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE

              Subtitle A--Authorization of Appropriations

Sec. 301. Authorization of appropriations.

                   Subtitle B--Energy and Environment

Sec. 311. Military Aviation and Installation Assurance Siting 
              Clearinghouse.
Sec. 312. Energy performance goals and master plan.
Sec. 313. Payment to Environmental Protection Agency of stipulated 
              penalty in connection with Umatilla Chemical Depot, 
              Oregon.
Sec. 314. Payment to Environmental Protection Agency of stipulated 
              penalty in connection with Longhorn Army Ammunition 
              Plant, Texas.
Sec. 315. Department of the Army cleanup and removal of petroleum, oil, 
              and lubricant associated with the Prinz Eugen.
Sec. 316. Centers for Disease Control study on health implications of 
              per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances contamination in 
              drinking water.
Sec. 317. Sentinel Landscapes Partnership.
Sec. 318. Report on release of radium or radioactive material into the 
              groundwater near the industrial reserve plant in 
              Bethpage, New York.

                 Subtitle C--Logistics and Sustainment

Sec. 321. Reauthorization of multi-trades demonstration project.
Sec. 322. Increased percentage of sustainment funds authorized for 
              realignment to restoration and modernization at each 
              installation.
Sec. 323. Guidance regarding use of organic industrial base.

                          Subtitle D--Reports

Sec. 331. Quarterly reports on personnel and unit readiness.
Sec. 332. Biennial report on core depot-level maintenance and repair 
              capability.
Sec. 333. Annual report on personnel, training, and equipment needs of 
              non-federalized National Guard.
Sec. 334. Annual report on military working dogs used by the Department 
              of Defense.
Sec. 335. Report on effects of climate change on Department of Defense.
Sec. 336. Report on optimization of training in and management of 
              special use airspace.
Sec. 337. Plan for modernized, dedicated Department of the Navy 
              adversary air training enterprise.
Sec. 338. Updated guidance regarding biennial core report.

                       Subtitle E--Other Matters

Sec. 341. Explosive safety board.
Sec. 342. Servicewomen's commemorative partnerships.
Sec. 343. Limitation on availability of funds for advanced skills 
              management software system of the Navy.
Sec. 344. Cost-benefit analysis of uniform specifications for Afghan 
              military or security forces.
Sec. 345. Temporary installation reutilization authority for arsenals, 
              depots, and plants.
Sec. 346. Comprehensive plan for sharing depot-level maintenance best 
              practices.
Sec. 347. Pilot program for operation and maintenance budget 
              presentation.
Sec. 348. Repurposing and reuse of surplus Army firearms.
Sec. 349. Department of the Navy marksmanship awards.
Sec. 350. Civilian training for National Guard pilots and sensor 
              operator aircrews of MQ-9 unmanned aerial vehicles.
Sec. 351. Training for National Guard personnel on wildfire response.
Sec. 352. Modification of the Second Division Memorial.

              TITLE IV--MILITARY PERSONNEL AUTHORIZATIONS

                       Subtitle A--Active Forces

Sec. 401. End strengths for active forces.
Sec. 402. Revisions in permanent active duty end strength minimum 
              levels.

                       Subtitle B--Reserve Forces

Sec. 411. End strengths for Selected Reserve.
Sec. 412. End strengths for Reserves on active duty in support of the 
              reserves.
Sec. 413. End strengths for military technicians (dual status).
Sec. 414. Fiscal year 2018 limitation on number of non-dual status 
              technicians.
Sec. 415. Maximum number of reserve personnel authorized to be on 
              active duty for operational support.
Sec. 416. Number of members of the National Guard on full-time duty in 
              support of the reserves within the National Guard Bureau.

              Subtitle C--Authorization of Appropriations

Sec. 421. Military personnel.

                   TITLE V--MILITARY PERSONNEL POLICY

                  Subtitle A--Officer Personnel Policy

Sec. 501. Modification of deadline for submittal by officers of written 
              communications to promotion selection boards on matters 
              of importance to their selection.
Sec. 502. Clarification to exception for removal of officers from list 
              of officers recommended for promotion after 18 months 
              without appointment.
Sec. 503. Modification of requirement for specification of number of 
              officers who may be recommended for early retirement by a 
              Selective Early Retirement Board.
Sec. 504. Extension of service-in-grade waiver authority for voluntary 
              retirement of certain general and flag officers for 
              purposes of enhanced flexibility in officer personnel 
              management.
Sec. 505. Inclusion of Principal Military Deputy to the Assistant 
              Secretary of the Army for Acquisition, Technology, and 
              Logistics among officers subject to repeal of statutory 
              specification of general officer grade.
Sec. 506. Clarification of effect of repeal of statutory specification 
              of general or flag officer grade for various positions in 
              the Armed Forces.
Sec. 507. Standardization of authorities in connection with repeal of 
              statutory specification of general officer grade for the 
              Dean of the Academic Board of the United States Military 
              Academy and the Dean of the Faculty of the United States 
              Air Force Academy.
Sec. 508. Flexibility in promotion of officers to positions of Staff 
              Judge Advocate to the Commandant of the Marine Corps and 
              Deputy Judge Advocate General of the Navy or Air Force.
Sec. 509. Grandfathering of retired grade of Assistant Judge Advocates 
              General of the Navy as of repeal of statutory 
              specification of general and flag officers grades in the 
              Armed Forces.

                Subtitle B--Reserve Component Management

Sec. 511. Equal treatment of orders to serve on active duty under 
              sections 12304a and 12304b of title 10, United States 
              Code.
Sec. 512. Service credit for cyberspace experience or advanced 
              education upon original appointment as a commissioned 
              officer.
Sec. 513. Consolidation of authorities to order members of the reserve 
              components of the Armed Forces to perform duty.
Sec. 514. Pilot program on use of retired senior enlisted members of 
              the Army National Guard as Army National Guard 
              recruiters.

                Subtitle C--General Service Authorities

   Part I--Matters Relating to Discharge and Correction of Military 
                                Records

Sec. 520. Consideration of additional medical evidence by Boards for 
              the Correction of Military Records and liberal 
              consideration of evidence relating to post-traumatic 
              stress disorder or traumatic brain injury.
Sec. 521. Public availability of information related to disposition of 
              claims regarding discharge or release of members of the 
              Armed Forces when the claims involve sexual assault.
Sec. 522. Confidential review of characterization of terms of discharge 
              of members who are victims of sex-related offenses.
Sec. 523. Training requirements for members of boards for the 
              correction of military records and personnel who 
              investigate claims of retaliation.
Sec. 524. Pilot program on use of video teleconferencing technology by 
              boards for the correction of military records and 
              discharge review boards.

               Part II--Other General Service Authorities

Sec. 526. Modification of basis for extension of period for enlistment 
              in the Armed Forces under the Delayed Entry Program.
Sec. 527. Reauthorization of authority to order retired members to 
              active duty in high-demand, low-density assignments.

[[Page H8703]]

Sec. 528. Notification of members of the Armed Forces undergoing 
              certain administrative separations of potential 
              eligibility for veterans benefits.
Sec. 529. Extension of authority of the Secretary of Veterans Affairs 
              to provide for the conduct of medical disability 
              examinations by contract physicians.
Sec. 530. Provision of information on naturalization through military 
              service.

          Subtitle D--Military Justice and Other Legal Issues

Sec. 531. Clarifying amendments related to the Uniform Code of Military 
              Justice reform by the Military Justice Act of 2016.
Sec. 532. Enhancement of effective prosecution and defense in courts-
              martial and related matters.
Sec. 533. Punitive article under the Uniform Code of Military Justice 
              on wrongful broadcast or distribution of intimate visual 
              images or visual images of sexually explicit conduct.
Sec. 534. Garnishment to satisfy judgment rendered for physically, 
              sexually, or emotionally abusing a child.
Sec. 535. Sexual assault prevention and response training for all 
              individuals enlisted in the Armed Forces under a delayed 
              entry program.
Sec. 536. Special Victims' Counsel training regarding the unique 
              challenges often faced by male victims of sexual assault.
Sec. 537. Inclusion of information in annual SAPRO reports regarding 
              military sexual harassment and incidents involving 
              nonconsensual distribution of private sexual images.
Sec. 538. Inclusion of information in annual SAPRO reports regarding 
              sexual assaults committed by a member of the Armed Forces 
              against the member's spouse or other family member.

   Subtitle E--Member Education, Training, Resilience, and Transition

Sec. 541. Element in preseparation counseling for members of the Armed 
              Forces on assistance and support services for caregivers 
              of certain veterans through the Department of Veterans 
              Affairs.
Sec. 542. Improved employment assistance for members of the Army, Navy, 
              Air Force, and Marine Corps and veterans.
Sec. 543. Limitation on release of military service academy graduates 
              to participate in professional athletics.
Sec. 544. Two-year extension of suicide prevention and resilience 
              program for the National Guard and Reserves.
Sec. 545. Annual certifications related to Ready, Relevant Learning 
              initiative of the Navy.
Sec. 546. Authority to expand eligibility for the United States 
              Military Apprenticeship Program.
Sec. 547. Limitation on availability of funds for attendance of Air 
              Force enlisted personnel at Air Force officer 
              professional military education in-residence courses.
Sec. 548. Lieutenant Henry Ossian Flipper Leadership Scholarships.
Sec. 549. Pilot programs on appointment in the excepted service in the 
              Department of Defense of physically disqualified former 
              cadets and midshipmen.

Subtitle F--Defense Dependents' Education and Military Family Readiness 
                                Matters

             Part I--Defense Dependents' Education Matters

Sec. 551. Assistance to schools with military dependent students.
Sec. 552. Transitions of military dependent students from Department of 
              Defense dependent schools to other schools and among 
              schools of local educational agencies.
Sec. 553. Report on educational opportunities in science, technology, 
              engineering, and mathematics for children who are 
              dependents of members of the Armed Forces.

               Part II--Military Family Readiness Matters

Sec. 555. Codification of authority to conduct family support programs 
              for immediate family members of members of the Armed 
              Forces assigned to special operations forces.
Sec. 556. Reimbursement for State licensure and certification costs of 
              a spouse of a member of the Armed Forces arising from 
              relocation to another State.
Sec. 557. Temporary extension of extended period of protections for 
              members of uniformed services relating to mortgages, 
              mortgage foreclosure, and eviction.
Sec. 558. Enhancing military childcare programs and activities of the 
              Department of Defense.
Sec. 559. Direct hire authority for Department of Defense for childcare 
              services providers for Department child development 
              centers.
Sec. 560. Pilot program on public-private partnerships for telework 
              facilities for military spouses on military installations 
              outside the United States.

                   Subtitle G--Decorations and Awards

Sec. 561. Authorization for award of the Medal of Honor to Garlin M. 
              Conner for acts of valor during World War II.
Sec. 562. Authorization for award of Distinguished-Service Cross to 
              Specialist Frank M. Crary for acts of valor in Vietnam.

            Subtitle H--Miscellaneous Reporting Requirements

Sec. 571. Analysis and report on accompanied and unaccompanied tours of 
              duty in remote locations with high family support costs.
Sec. 572. Review and reports on policies for regular and reserve 
              officer career management.
Sec. 573. Review and report on effects of personnel requirements and 
              limitations on the availability of members of the 
              National Guard for the performance of funeral honors duty 
              for veterans.
Sec. 574. Review and report on authorities for the employment, use, and 
              status of National Guard and Reserve technicians.
Sec. 575. Assessment and report on expanding and contracting for 
              childcare services of the Department of Defense.
Sec. 576. Review and report on compensation provided childcare services 
              providers of the Department of Defense.
Sec. 577. Comptroller General of the United States assessment and 
              report on the Office of Complex Investigations within the 
              National Guard Bureau.
Sec. 578. Modification of submittal date of Comptroller General of the 
              United States report on integrity of the Department of 
              Defense whistleblower program.

                       Subtitle I--Other Matters

Sec. 581. Expansion of United States Air Force Institute of Technology 
              enrollment authority to include civilian employees of the 
              homeland security industry.
Sec. 582. Conditional designation of Explosive Ordnance Disposal Corps 
              as a basic branch of the Army.
Sec. 583. Designation of office within Office of the Secretary of 
              Defense to oversee use of food assistance programs by 
              members of the Armed Forces on active duty.

          TITLE VI--COMPENSATION AND OTHER PERSONNEL BENEFITS

                     Subtitle A--Pay and Allowances

Sec. 601. Annual adjustment of basic monthly pay.
Sec. 602. Prohibiting collection of additional amounts from members 
              living in units under Military Housing Privatization 
              Initiative.
Sec. 603. Limitation on modification of payment authority for Military 
              Housing Privatization Initiative housing.
Sec. 604. Housing treatment for certain members of the Armed Forces, 
              and their spouses and other dependents, undergoing a 
              permanent change of station within the United States.
Sec. 605. Extension of authority to provide temporary increase in rates 
              of basic allowance for housing under certain 
              circumstances.
Sec. 606. Reevaluation of BAH for the military housing area including 
              Staten Island.

            Subtitle B--Bonus and Special and Incentive Pays

Sec. 611. One-year extension of certain bonus and special pay 
              authorities for reserve forces.
Sec. 612. One-year extension of certain bonus and special pay 
              authorities for health care professionals.
Sec. 613. One-year extension of special pay and bonus authorities for 
              nuclear officers.
Sec. 614. One-year extension of authorities relating to title 37 
              consolidated special pay, incentive pay, and bonus 
              authorities.
Sec. 615. One-year extension of authorities relating to payment of 
              other title 37 bonuses and special pays.
Sec. 616. Report regarding the national pilot shortage.
Sec. 617. Special aviation incentive pay and bonus authorities for 
              enlisted members who operate remotely piloted aircraft.
Sec. 618. Technical and conforming amendments relating to 2008 
              consolidation of special pay authorities.

     Subtitle C--Disability Pay, Retired Pay, and Survivor Benefits

Sec. 621. Permanent extension and cost-of-living adjustments of special 
              survivor indemnity allowances under the Survivor Benefit 
              Plan.
Sec. 622. Adjustments to Survivor Benefit Plan for members electing 
              lump sum payments of retired pay under the modernized 
              retirement system for members of the uniformed services.

[[Page H8704]]

Sec. 623. Technical correction regarding election to participate in 
              modernized retirement system for reserve component 
              members experiencing a break in service.
Sec. 624. Technical corrections to use of member's current pay grade 
              and years of service in a division of property involving 
              disposable retired pay.
Sec. 625. Continuation pay for the Coast Guard.

                       Subtitle D--Other Matters

Sec. 631. Land conveyance authority, Army and Air Force Exchange 
              Service property, Dallas, Texas.
Sec. 632. Authority for the Secretaries of the military departments to 
              provide for care of remains of those who die on active 
              duty and are interred in a foreign cemetery.
Sec. 633. Construction of domestic source requirement for footwear 
              furnished to enlisted members of the Armed Forces on 
              initial entry into the Armed Forces.
Sec. 634. Review and update of regulations governing debt collectors 
              interactions with unit commanders of members of the Armed 
              Forces.

                   TITLE VII--HEALTH CARE PROVISIONS

           Subtitle A--TRICARE and Other Health Care Benefits

Sec. 701. Continued access to medical care at facilities of the 
              uniformed services for certain members of the reserve 
              components.
Sec. 702. Modifications of cost-sharing requirements for the TRICARE 
              Pharmacy Benefits Program and treatment of certain 
              pharmaceutical agents.
Sec. 703. Provision of hyperbaric oxygen therapy for certain members of 
              the Armed Forces.
Sec. 704. Specification that individuals under the age of 21 are 
              eligible for hospice care services under the TRICARE 
              program.
Sec. 705. Physical examinations for members of a reserve component who 
              are separating from the Armed Forces.
Sec. 706. Mental health assessments before members separate from the 
              Armed Forces.
Sec. 707. Expansion of sexual trauma counseling and treatment for 
              members of the reserve components.
Sec. 708. Expedited evaluation and treatment for prenatal surgery under 
              the TRICARE program.

                 Subtitle B--Health Care Administration

Sec. 711. Maintenance of inpatient capabilities of military medical 
              treatment facilities located outside the United States.
Sec. 712. Modification of priority for evaluation and treatment of 
              individuals at military treatment facilities.
Sec. 713. Clarification of administration of military medical treatment 
              facilities.
Sec. 714. Regular update of prescription drug pricing standard under 
              TRICARE retail pharmacy program.
Sec. 715. Modification of execution of TRICARE contracting 
              responsibilities.
Sec. 716. Additional emergency uses for medical products to reduce 
              deaths and severity of injuries caused by agents of war.
Sec. 717. Modification of determination of average wait times at urgent 
              care clinics and pharmacies at military medical treatment 
              facilities under pilot program.
Sec. 718. Requirement for reimbursement by Department of Defense to 
              entities carrying out State vaccination programs for 
              costs of vaccines provided to covered beneficiaries.
Sec. 719. Extension of authority for Joint Department of Defense-
              Department of Veterans Affairs Medical Facility 
              Demonstration Fund.
Sec. 720. Residency requirements for podiatrists.
Sec. 721. Authorization of physical therapist assistants and 
              occupational therapy assistants to provide services under 
              the TRICARE program.
Sec. 722. Selection of military commanders and directors of military 
              medical treatment facilities.

                 Subtitle C--Reports and Other Matters

Sec. 731. Pilot program on health care assistance system.
Sec. 732. Feasibility study on conduct of pilot program on mental 
              health readiness of part-time members of the reserve 
              components of the Armed Forces.
Sec. 733. Report on plan to improve pediatric care and related services 
              for children of members of the Armed Forces.
Sec. 734. Longitudinal medical study on blast pressure exposure of 
              members of the Armed Forces.
Sec. 735. Study on safe opioid prescribing practices.
Sec. 736. Report on implementation of GAO recommendations.
Sec. 737. Declassification by Department of Defense of certain 
              incidents of exposure of members of the Armed Forces to 
              toxic substances.
Sec. 738. Coordination by Veterans Health Administration of efforts to 
              understand effects of burn pits.
Sec. 739. TRICARE technical amendments.

  TITLE VIII--ACQUISITION POLICY, ACQUISITION MANAGEMENT, AND RELATED 
                                MATTERS

             Subtitle A--Acquisition Policy and Management

Sec. 801. Statements of purpose for Department of Defense acquisition.
Sec. 802. Management of intellectual property matters within the 
              Department of Defense.
Sec. 803. Performance of incurred cost audits.
Sec. 804. Repeal of certain auditing requirements.
Sec. 805. Increased simplified acquisition threshold.
Sec. 806. Requirements related to the micro-purchase threshold.
Sec. 807. Process for enhanced supply chain scrutiny.
Sec. 808. Defense policy advisory committee on technology.
Sec. 809. Report on extension of development, acquisition, and 
              sustainment authorities of the military departments to 
              the United States Special Operations Command.
Sec. 810 . Technical and conforming amendments related to program 
              management provisions.

Subtitle B--Amendments to General Contracting Authorities, Procedures, 
                            and Limitations

Sec. 811. Modifications to cost or pricing data and reporting 
              requirements.
Sec. 812. Applicability of cost and pricing data certification 
              requirements.
Sec. 813. Sunset of certain provisions relating to the procurement of 
              goods other than United States goods.
Sec. 814. Comptroller General report on health and safety records.
Sec. 815. Limitation on unilateral definitization.
Sec. 816. Amendment to sustainment reviews.
Sec. 817. Use of program income by eligible entities that carry out 
              procurement technical assistance programs.
Sec. 818. Enhanced post-award debriefing rights.
Sec. 819. Amendments relating to information technology.
Sec. 820. Change to definition of subcontract in certain circumstances.
Sec. 821. Amendment relating to applicability of inflation adjustments.
Sec. 822. Use of lowest price technically acceptable source selection 
              process.
Sec. 823. Exemption from design-build selection procedures.
Sec. 824. Contract closeout authority.
Sec. 825. Elimination of cost underruns as factor in calculation of 
              penalties for cost overruns.
Sec. 826. Modification to annual meeting requirement of Configuration 
              Steering Boards.
Sec. 827. Pilot program on payment of costs for denied Government 
              Accountability Office bid protests.

 Subtitle C--Provisions Relating to Major Defense Acquisition Programs

Sec. 831. Revisions to definition of major defense acquisition program.
Sec. 832. Prohibition on use of lowest price technically acceptable 
              source selection process for major defense acquisition 
              programs.
Sec. 833. Role of the Chief of the armed force in material development 
              decision and acquisition system milestones.
Sec. 834. Requirement to emphasize reliability and maintainability in 
              weapon system design.
Sec. 835. Licensing of appropriate intellectual property to support 
              major weapon systems.
Sec. 836. Codification of requirements pertaining to assessment, 
              management, and control of operating and support costs 
              for major weapon systems.
Sec. 837. Should-cost management.
Sec. 838. Improvements to test and evaluation processes and tools.
Sec. 839. Enhancements to transparency in test and evaluation processes 
              and data.

        Subtitle D--Provisions Relating to Acquisition Workforce

Sec. 841. Enhancements to the civilian program management workforce.
Sec. 842. Credits to Department of Defense Acquisition Workforce 
              Development Fund.
Sec. 843. Improvements to the hiring and training of the acquisition 
              workforce.
Sec. 844. Extension and modifications to acquisition demonstration 
              project.

          Subtitle E--Provisions Relating to Commercial Items

Sec. 846. Procurement through commercial e-commerce portals.
Sec. 847. Revision to definition of commercial item.
Sec. 848. Commercial item determinations.
Sec. 849. Review of regulations on commercial items.
Sec. 850. Training in commercial items procurement.

        Subtitle F--Provisions Relating to Services Contracting

Sec. 851. Improvement of planning for acquisition of services.
Sec. 852. Standard guidelines for evaluation of requirements for 
              services contracts.
Sec. 853. Report on outcome-based services contracts.
Sec. 854. Pilot program for longer term multiyear service contracts.

[[Page H8705]]

  Subtitle G--Provisions Relating to Other Transaction Authority and 
                              Prototyping

Sec. 861. Contract authority for advanced development of initial or 
              additional prototype units.
Sec. 862. Methods for entering into research agreements.
Sec. 863. Education and training for transactions other than contracts 
              and grants.
Sec. 864. Other transaction authority for certain prototype projects.
Sec. 865. Amendment to nontraditional and small contractor innovation 
              prototyping program.
Sec. 866. Middle tier of acquisition for rapid prototype and rapid 
              fielding.
Sec. 867. Preference for use of other transactions and experimental 
              authority.
Sec. 868. Prototype projects to digitize defense acquisition 
              regulations, policies, and guidance, and empower user 
              tailoring of acquisition process.

        Subtitle H--Provisions Relating to Software Acquisition

Sec. 871. Noncommercial computer software acquisition considerations.
Sec. 872. Defense Innovation Board analysis of software acquisition 
              regulations.
Sec. 873. Pilot program to use agile or iterative development methods 
              to tailor major software-intensive warfighting systems 
              and defense business systems.
Sec. 874. Software development pilot program using agile best 
              practices.
Sec. 875. Pilot program for open source software.

                       Subtitle I--Other Matters

Sec. 881. Extension of maximum duration of fuel storage contracts.
Sec. 882. Procurement of aviation critical safety items.
Sec. 883. Modifications to the advisory panel on streamlining and 
              codifying acquisition regulations.
Sec. 884. Repeal of expired pilot program for leasing commercial 
              utility cargo vehicles.
Sec. 885. Exception for business operations from requirement to accept 
              $1 coins.
Sec. 886. Development of Procurement Administrative Lead Time.
Sec. 887. Notional milestones and standard timelines for contracts for 
              foreign military sales.
Sec. 888. Assessment and authority to terminate or prohibit contracts 
              for procurement from Chinese companies providing support 
              to the Democratic People's Republic of Korea.
Sec. 889. Report on defense contracting fraud.
Sec. 890. Comptroller General report on contractor business system 
              requirements.
Sec. 891. Training on agile or iterative development methods.

      TITLE IX--DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE ORGANIZATION AND MANAGEMENT

   Subtitle A--Office of the Secretary of Defense and Related Matters

Sec. 901. Treatment of incumbent Under Secretary of Defense for 
              Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics.
Sec. 902. Clarification of authority of Under Secretary of Defense for 
              Acquisition and Sustainment with respect to service 
              acquisition programs for which the service acquisition 
              executive is the milestone decision authority.
Sec. 903. Executive Schedule matters relating to Under Secretary of 
              Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment.
Sec. 904. Consistent period of relief from active duty as a 
              commissioned officer of a regular component of the Armed 
              Forces for appointment to Under Secretary of Defense 
              positions.
Sec. 905. Qualifications for appointment and additional duties and 
              powers of certain officials within the Office of the 
              Under Secretary of Defense (Comptroller).
Sec. 906. Redesignation of Principal Deputy Under Secretaries of 
              Defense as Deputy Under Secretaries of Defense and 
              related matters.
Sec. 907. Reduction of number and elimination of specific designations 
              of Assistant Secretaries of Defense.
Sec. 908. Limitation on maximum number of Deputy Assistant Secretaries 
              of Defense.
Sec. 909. Appointment and responsibilities of Chief Information Officer 
              of the Department of Defense.
Sec. 910. Chief Management Officer of the Department of Defense.

               Subtitle B--Data Management and Analytics

Sec. 911. Policy on treatment of defense business system data related 
              to business operations and management.
Sec. 912. Transparency of defense management data.
Sec. 913. Establishment of set of activities that use data analysis, 
              measurement, and other evaluation-related methods to 
              improve acquisition program outcomes.

  Subtitle C--Organization of Other Department of Defense Offices and 
                                Elements

Sec. 921. Qualifications for appointment of Assistant Secretaries of 
              the military departments for financial management.
Sec. 922. Manner of carrying out reductions in major Department of 
              Defense headquarters activities pursuant to headquarters 
              reduction plan.
Sec. 923. Certifications on cost savings achieved by reductions in 
              major Department of Defense headquarters activities.
Sec. 924. Corrosion control and prevention executives matters.
Sec. 925. Background and security investigations for Department of 
              Defense personnel.

            Subtitle D--Miscellaneous Reporting Requirements

Sec. 931. Additional elements in reports on policy, organization, and 
              management goals of the Secretary of Defense for the 
              Department of Defense.
Sec. 932. Report and sense of Congress on responsibility for 
              developmental test and evaluation within the Office of 
              the Secretary of Defense.
Sec. 933. Report on Office of Corrosion Policy and Oversight.

                       Subtitle D--Other Matters

Sec. 941. Commission on the National Defense Strategy for the United 
              States.

                      TITLE X--GENERAL PROVISIONS

                     Subtitle A--Financial Matters

Sec. 1001. General transfer authority.
Sec. 1002. Consolidation, codification, and improvement of certain 
              authorities and requirements in connection with the audit 
              of the financial statements of the Department of Defense.
Sec. 1003. Improper payment matters.
Sec. 1004. Rankings of auditability of financial statements of the 
              organizations and elements of the Department of Defense.
Sec. 1005. Financial operations dashboard for the Department of 
              Defense.
Sec. 1006. Review and recommendations on efforts to obtain audit 
              opinion on full financial statements.
Sec. 1007. Notification requirement for certain contracts for audit 
              services.

                   Subtitle B--Counterdrug Activities

Sec. 1011. Extension of authority to support a unified counterdrug and 
              counterterrorism campaign in Colombia.
Sec. 1012. Venue for prosecution of maritime drug trafficking.

                Subtitle C--Naval Vessels and Shipyards

Sec. 1021. National Defense Sealift Fund.
Sec. 1022. Use of National Sea-Based Deterrence Fund for multiyear 
              procurement of certain critical components.
Sec. 1023. Operational readiness of littoral combat ships on extended 
              deployment.
Sec. 1024. Availability of funds for retirement or inactivation of 
              Ticonderoga-class cruisers or dock landing ships.
Sec. 1025. Policy of the United States on minimum number of battle 
              force ships.
Sec. 1026. Surveying ships.

                      Subtitle D--Counterterrorism

Sec. 1031. Modification of authority on support of special operations 
              to combat terrorism.
Sec. 1032. Termination of requirement to submit annual budget 
              justification display for Department of Defense combating 
              terrorism program.
Sec. 1033. Prohibition on use of funds for transfer or release of 
              individuals detained at United States Naval Station, 
              Guantanamo Bay, Cuba to the United States.
Sec. 1034. Prohibition on use of funds to construct or modify 
              facilities in the United States to house detainees 
              transferred from United States Naval Station, Guantanamo 
              Bay, Cuba.
Sec. 1035. Prohibition on use of funds for transfer or release of 
              individuals detained at United States Naval Station, 
              Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, to certain countries.
Sec. 1036. Prohibition on use of funds to close or relinquish control 
              of United States Naval Station, Guantanamo Bay, Cuba.
Sec. 1037. Sense of Congress regarding providing for timely victim and 
              family testimony in military commission trials.
Sec. 1038. Report on public availability of military commissions 
              proceedings.

         Subtitle E--Miscellaneous Authorities and Limitations

Sec. 1041. Limitation on expenditure of funds for emergency and 
              extraordinary expenses for intelligence and counter-
              intelligence activities.
Sec. 1042. Matters relating to the submittal of future-years defense 
              programs.
Sec. 1043. Modifications to humanitarian demining assistance 
              authorities.
Sec. 1044. Prohibition on charge of certain tariffs on aircraft 
              traveling through channel routes.
Sec. 1045. Prohibition on lobbying activities with respect to the 
              Department of Defense by certain officers of the Armed 
              Forces and civilian employees of the Department following 
              separation from military service or employment with the 
              Department.
Sec. 1046. Prohibition on use of funds for retirement of legacy 
              maritime mine countermeasures platforms.
Sec. 1047. Report on western Pacific Ocean ship depot maintenance 
              capability and capacity.

[[Page H8706]]

Sec. 1048. Annual training regarding the influence campaign of the 
              Russian Federation.
Sec. 1049. Workforce issues for military realignments in the Pacific.

                    Subtitle F--Studies and Reports

Sec. 1051. Elimination of reporting requirements terminated after 
              November 25, 2017, pursuant to section 1080 of the 
              National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2016.
Sec. 1052. Report on transfer of defense articles to units committing 
              gross violations of human rights.
Sec. 1053. Report on the National Biodefense Analysis and 
              Countermeasures Center.
Sec. 1054. Report on Department of Defense Arctic capability and 
              resource gaps and required infrastructure.
Sec. 1055. Review and assessment of Department of Defense personnel 
              recovery and nonconventional assisted recovery 
              mechanisms.
Sec. 1056. Mine warfare readiness inspection plan and report.
Sec. 1057. Annual report on civilian casualties in connection with 
              United States military operations.
Sec. 1058. Report on Joint Pacific Alaska Range Complex modernization.
Sec. 1059. Report on alternatives to aqueous film forming foam.
Sec. 1060. Assessment of global force posture.
Sec. 1061. Army modernization strategy.
Sec. 1062. Report on Army plan to improve operational unit readiness by 
              reducing number of non-deployable soldiers assigned to 
              operational units.
Sec. 1063. Efforts to combat physiological episodes on certain Navy 
              aircraft.
Sec. 1064. Studies on aircraft inventories for the Air Force.
Sec. 1065. Department of Defense review of Navy capabilities in the 
              Arctic region.
Sec. 1066. Comprehensive review of maritime intelligence, surveillance, 
              reconnaissance, and targeting capabilities.
Sec. 1067. Report on the need for a Joint Chemical-Biological Defense 
              Logistics Center.
Sec. 1068. Missile Technology Control Regime Category I unmanned aerial 
              vehicle systems.
Sec. 1069. Recommendations for interagency vetting of foreign 
              investments affecting national security.
Sec. 1070. Briefing on prior attempted Russian cyber attacks against 
              defense systems.
Sec. 1071. Enhanced analytical and monitoring capability of the defense 
              industrial base.
Sec. 1072. Report on defense of combat logistics and strategic mobility 
              forces.
Sec. 1073. Report on acquisition strategy to recapitalize the existing 
              system for undersea fixed surveillance.
Sec. 1074. Report on implementation of requirements in connection with 
              the organization of the Department of Defense for 
              management of special operations forces and special 
              operations.
Sec. 1075. Report on the global food system and vulnerabilities 
              relevant to Department of Defense missions.

             Subtitle G--Modernizing Government Technology

Sec. 1076. Definitions.
Sec. 1077. Establishment of agency information technology systems 
              modernization and working capital funds.
Sec. 1078. Establishment of technology modernization fund and board.

                       Subtitle H--Other Matters

Sec. 1081. Technical, conforming, and clerical amendments.
Sec. 1082. Clarification of applicability of certain provisions of law 
              to civilian judges of the United States Court of Military 
              Commission Review.
Sec. 1083. Modification of requirement relating to conversion of 
              certain military technician (dual status) positions to 
              civilian positions.
Sec. 1084. National Guard accessibility to Department of Defense issued 
              unmanned aircraft.
Sec. 1085. Sense of Congress regarding aircraft carriers.
Sec. 1086. Sense of Congress recognizing the United States Navy 
              Seabees.
Sec. 1087. Construction of memorial to the crew of the Apollo I launch 
              test accident at Arlington National Cemetery.
Sec. 1088. Department of Defense engagement with covered non-Federal 
              entities.
Sec. 1089. Prize competition to identify root cause of physiological 
              episodes on Navy, Marine Corps, and Air Force training 
              and operational aircraft.
Sec. 1090. Providing assistance to House of Representatives in response 
              to cybersecurity events.
Sec. 1091. Transfer of surplus firearms to Corporation for the 
              Promotion of Rifle Practice and Firearms Safety.
Sec. 1092. Collaboration between Federal Aviation Administration and 
              Department of Defense on unmanned aircraft systems.
Sec. 1093. Carriage of certain programming.
Sec. 1094. National strategy for countering violent extremism.
Sec. 1095. Sense of Congress regarding World War I.
Sec. 1096. Notice to Congress of terms of Department of Defense 
              settlement agreements.
Sec. 1097. Office of Special Counsel reauthorization.
Sec. 1098. Air transportation of civilian Department of Defense 
              personnel to and from Afghanistan.

                  TITLE XI--CIVILIAN PERSONNEL MATTERS

Sec. 1101. Direct hire authority for the Department of Defense for 
              personnel to assist in business transformation and 
              management innovation.
Sec. 1102. Extension of direct hire authority for Domestic Defense 
              Industrial Base Facilities and Major Range and Test 
              Facilities Base.
Sec. 1103. Extension of authority to provide voluntary separation 
              incentive pay for civilian employees of the Department of 
              Defense.
Sec. 1104. Additional Department of Defense science and technology 
              reinvention laboratories.
Sec. 1105. One year extension of authority to waive annual limitation 
              on premium pay and aggregate limitation on pay for 
              Federal civilian employees working overseas.
Sec. 1106. Direct hire authority for financial management experts in 
              the Department of Defense workforce.
Sec. 1107. Extension of authority for temporary personnel flexibilities 
              for Domestic Defense Industrial Base Facilities and Major 
              Range and Test Facilities Base civilian personnel.
Sec. 1108. One-year extension of temporary authority to grant 
              allowances, benefits, and gratuities to civilian 
              personnel on official duty in a combat zone.
Sec. 1109. Extension of overtime rate authority for Department of the 
              Navy employees performing work aboard or dockside in 
              support of the nuclear-powered aircraft carrier forward 
              deployed in Japan.
Sec. 1110. Pilot program on enhanced personnel management system for 
              cybsersecurity and legal professionals in the Department 
              of Defense.
Sec. 1111. Establishment of senior scientific technical managers at 
              Major Range and Test Facility Base Facilities and Defense 
              Test Resource Management Center.

             TITLE XII--MATTERS RELATING TO FOREIGN NATIONS

                  Subtitle A--Assistance and Training

Sec. 1201. One-year extension of logistical support for coalition 
              forces supporting certain United States military 
              operations.
Sec. 1202. Support of special operations for irregular warfare.
Sec. 1203. Obligation of funds in Special Defense Acquisition Fund for 
              precision guided munitions.
Sec. 1204. Modification of defense institution capacity building and 
              authority to build capacity of foreign security forces.
Sec. 1205. Extension and modification of authority on training for 
              Eastern European national security forces in the course 
              of multilateral exercises.
Sec. 1206. Global Security Contingency Fund.
Sec. 1207. Defense Institute of International Legal Studies.
Sec. 1208. Extension of participation in and support of the Inter-
              American Defense College.
Sec. 1209. Plan on improvement of ability of national security forces 
              of foreign countries participating in United States 
              capacity building programs to protect civilians.

        Subtitle B--Matters Relating to Afghanistan and Pakistan

Sec. 1211. Extension of authority to transfer defense articles and 
              provide defense services to the military and security 
              forces of Afghanistan.
Sec. 1212. Extension and modification of authority for reimbursement of 
              certain coalition nations for support provided to United 
              States military operations.
Sec. 1213. Special immigrant visas for Afghan allies.
Sec. 1214. Extension of authority to acquire products and services 
              produced in countries along a major route of supply to 
              Afghanistan.
Sec. 1215. Extension of semiannual report on enhancing security and 
              stability in Afghanistan.
Sec. 1216. Human rights vetting of Afghan National Defense and Security 
              Forces.

         Subtitle C--Matters Relating to Syria, Iraq, and Iran

Sec. 1221. Report on United States strategy in Syria.
Sec. 1222. Extension and modification of authority to provide 
              assistance to counter the Islamic State of Iraq and 
              Syria.
Sec. 1223. Modification of authority to provide assistance to the 
              vetted Syrian opposition.
Sec. 1224. Extension and modification of authority to support 
              operations and activities of the Office of Security 
              Cooperation in Iraq.

[[Page H8707]]

Sec. 1225. Modification and additional elements in annual report on the 
              military power of Iran.
Sec. 1226. Extension of quarterly reports on confirmed ballistic 
              missile launches from Iran and imposition of sanctions in 
              connection with those launches.
Sec. 1227. Limitation on use of funds for provision of man-portable air 
              defense systems to the vetted Syrian opposition.
Sec. 1228. Report on agreement with the Government of the Russian 
              Federation on the status of Syria.

         Subtitle D--Matters Relating to the Russian Federation

Sec. 1231. Extension of limitation on military cooperation between the 
              United States and the Russian Federation.
Sec. 1232. Prohibition on availability of funds relating to sovereignty 
              of the Russian Federation over Crimea.
Sec. 1233. Sense of Congress on European security.
Sec. 1234. Modification and extension of Ukraine Security Assistance 
              Initiative.
Sec. 1235. Limitation on availability of funds relating to 
              implementation of the Open Skies Treaty.
Sec. 1236. Sense of Congress on importance of nuclear capabilities of 
              NATO.
Sec. 1237. Report on Security Cooperation with respect to Western 
              Balkan Countries.
Sec. 1238. Plan to respond in case of Russian noncompliance with the 
              New START Treaty.
Sec. 1239. Strategy to counter threats by the Russian Federation.
Sec. 1239A. Strategy to counter the threat of malign influence by the 
              Russian Federation.

Subtitle E--Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces (INF) Treaty Preservation 
                              Act of 2017

Sec. 1241. Short title.
Sec. 1242. Findings.
Sec. 1243. Compliance enforcement regarding Russian violations of the 
              INF Treaty.
Sec. 1244. Notification requirement related to Russian Federation 
              development of noncompliant systems and United States 
              actions regarding material breach of INF Treaty by the 
              Russian Federation.
Sec. 1245. Review of RS-26 ballistic missile.
Sec. 1246. Definitions.

      Subtitle F--Matters Relating to the Indo-Asia-Pacific Region

Sec. 1251. Sense of Congress and Initiative for the Indo-Asia-Pacific 
              region.
Sec. 1252. Report on strategy to prioritize United States defense 
              interests in the Indo-Asia-Pacific region.
Sec. 1253. Assessment of United States force posture and basing needs 
              in the Indo-Asia-Pacific region.
Sec. 1254. Plan to enhance the extended deterrence and assurance 
              capabilities of the United States in the Asia-Pacific 
              region.
Sec. 1255. Sense of Congress reaffirming security commitments to the 
              Governments of Japan and South Korea and trilateral 
              cooperation between the United States, Japan, and South 
              Korea.
Sec. 1256. Strategy on North Korea.
Sec. 1257. North Korean nuclear intercontinental ballistic missiles.
Sec. 1258. Advancements in defense cooperation between the United 
              States and India.
Sec. 1259. Strengthening the defense partnership between the United 
              States and Taiwan.
Sec. 1259A. Normalizing the transfer of defense articles and defense 
              services to Taiwan.
Sec. 1259B. Assessment on United States defense implications of China's 
              expanding global access.
Sec. 1259C. Agreement supplemental to Compact of Free Association with 
              Palau.
Sec. 1259D. Study on United States interests in the Freely Associated 
              States.

                          Subtitle G--Reports

Sec. 1261. Modification of annual report on military and security 
              developments involving the People's Republic of China.
Sec. 1262. Modifications to annual update of Department of Defense 
              Freedom of Navigation Operations report.
Sec. 1263. Report on strategy to defeat Al-Qaeda, the Taliban, the 
              Islamic State of Iraq and Syria (ISIS), and their 
              associated forces and co-belligerents.
Sec. 1264. Report on and notice of changes made to the legal and policy 
              frameworks for the United States' use of military force 
              and related national security operations.
Sec. 1265. Report on military action of Saudi Arabia and its coalition 
              partners in Yemen.
Sec. 1266. Submittal of Department of Defense Supplemental and Cost of 
              War Execution reports on quarterly basis.
Sec. 1267. Consolidation of reports on United States Armed Forces, 
              civilian employees, and contractors deployed in support 
              of Operation Inherent Resolve, Operation Freedom's 
              Sentinel, and associated and successor operations.
Sec. 1268. Comptroller General of the United States report on pricing 
              and availability with respect to foreign military sales.
Sec. 1269. Annual report on military and security developments 
              involving the Russian Federation.

                       Subtitle H--Other Matters

Sec. 1271. Security and stability strategy for Somalia.
Sec. 1272. Global Theater Security Cooperation Management Information 
              System.
Sec. 1273. Future years plan for the European Deterrence Initiative.
Sec. 1274. Extension of authority to enter into agreements with 
              participating countries in the American, British, 
              Canadian, and Australian Armies' Program.
Sec. 1275. United States military and diplomatic strategy for Yemen.
Sec. 1276. Transfer of excess high mobility multipurpose wheeled 
              vehicles to foreign countries.
Sec. 1277. Department of Defense program to protect United States 
              students against foreign agents.
Sec. 1278. Limitation and extension of United States-Israel anti-tunnel 
              cooperation authority.
Sec. 1279. Anticorruption strategy.
Sec. 1279A. Strategy to improve defense institutions and security 
              sector forces in Nigeria.
Sec. 1279B. Limitation on availability of funds to implement the Arms 
              Trade Treaty.
Sec. 1279C. Cultural Heritage Protection Coordinator.
Sec. 1279D. Security assistance for Baltic nations for joint program 
              for interoperability and deterrence against aggression.
Sec. 1279E. Restriction on funding for the Preparatory Commission for 
              the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty Organization.
Sec. 1279F. Clarification of authority to support border security 
              operations of certain foreign countries.

                TITLE XIII--COOPERATIVE THREAT REDUCTION

Sec. 1301. Specification of Cooperative Threat Reduction funds.
Sec. 1302. Funding allocations.

                    TITLE XIV--OTHER AUTHORIZATIONS

                     Subtitle A--Military Programs

Sec. 1401. Working capital funds.
Sec. 1402. Chemical agents and munitions destruction, defense.
Sec. 1403. Drug interdiction and counter-drug activities defense-wide.
Sec. 1404. Defense Inspector General.
Sec. 1405. Defense Health Program.
Sec. 1406. National Defense Sealift Fund.

                       Subtitle B--Other Matters

Sec. 1411. Authority for transfer of funds to joint Department of 
              Defense-Department of Veterans Affairs Medical Facility 
              Demonstration Fund for Captain James A. Lovell Health 
              Care Center, Illinois.
Sec. 1412. Authorization of appropriations for Armed Forces Retirement 
              Home.
Sec. 1413. Armed Forces Retirement Home matters.
Sec. 1414. Authority to dispose of certain materials from and to 
              acquire additional materials for the National Defense 
              Stockpile.
Sec. 1415. Acquisition reporting on major chemical demilitarization 
              programs of the Department of Defense.

   TITLE XV--AUTHORIZATION OF ADDITIONAL APPROPRIATIONS FOR OVERSEAS 
                         CONTINGENCY OPERATIONS

              Subtitle A--Authorization of Appropriations

Sec. 1501. Purpose and treatment of certain authorizations of 
              appropriations.
Sec. 1502. Overseas contingency operations.
Sec. 1503. Procurement.
Sec. 1504. Research, development, test, and evaluation.
Sec. 1505. Operation and maintenance.
Sec. 1506. Military personnel.
Sec. 1507. Working capital funds.
Sec. 1508. Drug Interdiction and Counter-Drug Activities, Defense-wide.
Sec. 1509. Defense Inspector General.
Sec. 1510. Defense Health program.

                     Subtitle B--Financial Matters

Sec. 1511. Treatment as additional authorizations.
Sec. 1512. Special transfer authority.

          Subtitle C--Limitations, Reports, and Other Matters

Sec. 1521. Afghanistan Security Forces Fund.
Sec. 1522. Joint Improvised-Threat Defeat Fund.
Sec. 1523. Comptroller General report on feasibility of separation of 
              expenditures.
Sec. 1524. Guidelines for budget items to be covered by overseas 
              contingency operations accounts.

     TITLE XVI--STRATEGIC PROGRAMS, CYBER, AND INTELLIGENCE MATTERS

                      Subtitle A--Space Activities

Sec. 1601. Space acquisition and management and oversight.
Sec. 1602. Codification, extension, and modification of limitation on 
              construction on United States territory of satellite 
              positioning ground monitoring stations of foreign 
              governments.

[[Page H8708]]

Sec. 1603. Foreign commercial satellite services: cybersecurity threats 
              and launches.
Sec. 1604. Extension of pilot program on commercial weather data.
Sec. 1605. Evolved Expendable Launch Vehicle modernization and 
              sustainment of assured access to space.
Sec. 1606. Demonstration of backup and complementary positioning, 
              navigation, and timing capabilities of Global Positioning 
              System.
Sec. 1607. Enhancement of positioning, navigation, and timing capacity.
Sec. 1608. Commercial satellite communications pathfinder program.
Sec. 1609. Launch support and infrastructure modernization.
Sec. 1610. Limitation on availability of funding for Joint Space 
              Operations Center mission system.
Sec. 1611. Limitation on use of funds for Delta IV launch vehicle.
Sec. 1612. Air Force space contractor responsibility watch list.
Sec. 1613. Certification and briefing on operational and contingency 
              plans for loss or degradation of space capabilities.
Sec. 1614. Report on protected satellite communications.
Sec. 1615. Sense of Congress on establishment of Space Flag training 
              event.
Sec. 1616. Sense of Congress on coordinating efforts to prepare for 
              space weather events.
Sec. 1617. Sense of Congress on National Space Defense Center.

  Subtitle B--Defense Intelligence and Intelligence-Related Activities

Sec. 1621. Security clearances for facilities of certain companies.
Sec. 1622. Extension of authority to engage in certain commercial 
              activities.
Sec. 1623. Submission of audits of commercial activity funds.
Sec. 1624. Clarification of annual briefing on the intelligence, 
              surveillance, and reconnaissance requirements of the 
              combatant commands.
Sec. 1625. Consideration of service by recipients of Boren scholarships 
              and fellowships in excepted service positions as service 
              by such recipients under career appointments for purposes 
              of career tenure.
Sec. 1626. Review of support provided by Defense intelligence elements 
              to acquisition activities of the Department.
Sec. 1627. Establishment of Chairman's controlled activity within Joint 
              Staff for intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance.
Sec. 1628. Requirements relating to multi-use sensitive compartmented 
              information facilities.
Sec. 1629. Limitation on availability of funds for certain 
              counterintelligence activities.

                 Subtitle C--Cyberspace-Related Matters

                     Part I--General Cyber Matters

Sec. 1631. Notification requirements for sensitive military cyber 
              operations and cyber weapons.
Sec. 1632. Modification to quarterly cyber operations briefings.
Sec. 1633. Policy of the United States on cyberspace, cybersecurity, 
              and cyber warfare.
Sec. 1634. Prohibition on use of products and services developed or 
              provided by Kaspersky Lab.
Sec. 1635. Modification of authorities relating to establishment of 
              unified combatant command for cyber operations.
Sec. 1636. Modification of definition of acquisition workforce to 
              include personnel contributing to cybersecurity systems.
Sec. 1637. Integration of strategic information operations and cyber-
              enabled information operations.
Sec. 1638. Exercise on assessing cybersecurity support to election 
              systems of States.
Sec. 1639. Measurement of compliance with cybersecurity requirements 
              for industrial control systems.
Sec. 1640. Strategic Cybersecurity Program.
Sec. 1641. Plan to increase cyber and information operations, 
              deterrence, and defense.
Sec. 1642. Evaluation of agile or iterative development of cyber tools 
              and applications.
Sec. 1643. Assessment of defense critical electric infrastructure.
Sec. 1644. Cyber posture review.
Sec. 1645. Briefing on cyber capability and readiness shortfalls.
Sec. 1646. Briefing on cyber applications of blockchain technology.
Sec. 1647. Briefing on training infrastructure for cyber mission 
              forces.
Sec. 1648. Report on termination of dual-hat arrangement for Commander 
              of the United States Cyber Command.

                    Part II--Cybersecurity Education

Sec. 1649. Cyber Scholarship Program.
Sec. 1649A. Community college cyber pilot program and assessment.
Sec. 1649B. Federal Cyber Scholarship-for-Service program updates.
Sec. 1649C. Cybersecurity teaching.

                       Subtitle D--Nuclear Forces

Sec. 1651. Annual assessment of cyber resiliency of nuclear command and 
              control system.
Sec. 1652. Collection, storage, and sharing of data relating to nuclear 
              security enterprise.
Sec. 1653. Notifications regarding dual-capable F-35A aircraft.
Sec. 1654. Oversight of delayed acquisition programs by Council on 
              Oversight of the National Leadership Command, Control, 
              and Communications System.
Sec. 1655. Establishment of Nuclear Command and Control Intelligence 
              Fusion Center.
Sec. 1656. Security of nuclear command, control, and communications 
              system from commercial dependencies.
Sec. 1657. Oversight of aerial-layer programs by Council on Oversight 
              of the National Leadership Command, Control, and 
              Communications System.
Sec. 1658. Security classification guide for programs relating to 
              nuclear command, control, and communications and nuclear 
              deterrence.
Sec. 1659. Evaluation and enhanced security of supply chain for nuclear 
              command, control, and communications and continuity of 
              government programs.
Sec. 1660. Procurement authority for certain parts of intercontinental 
              ballistic missile fuzes.
Sec. 1661. Presidential National Voice Conferencing System and Phoenix 
              Air-to-Ground Communications Network.
Sec. 1662. Limitation on pursuit of certain command and control 
              concept.
Sec. 1663. Prohibition on availability of funds for mobile variant of 
              ground-based strategic deterrent missile.
Sec. 1664. Prohibition on reduction of the intercontinental ballistic 
              missiles of the United States.
Sec. 1665. Modification to annual report on plan for the nuclear 
              weapons stockpile, nuclear weapons complex, nuclear 
              weapons delivery systems, and nuclear weapons command and 
              control system.
Sec. 1666. Establishment of procedures for implementation of Nuclear 
              Enterprise Review.
Sec. 1667. Report on impacts of nuclear proliferation.
Sec. 1668. Certification that the Nuclear Posture Review addresses 
              deterrent effect and operation of United States nuclear 
              forces in current and future security environments.
Sec. 1669. Plan to manage Integrated Tactical Warning and Attack 
              Assessment System and multi-domain sensors.
Sec. 1670. Certification requirement with respect to strategic 
              radiation hardened trusted microelectronics.
Sec. 1671. Nuclear Posture Review.
Sec. 1672. Sense of Congress on importance of independent nuclear 
              deterrent of United Kingdom.

                  Subtitle E--Missile Defense Programs

Sec. 1676. Administration of missile defense and defeat programs.
Sec. 1677. Condition for proceeding beyond low-rate initial production.
Sec. 1678. Preservation of the ballistic missile defense capacity of 
              the Army.
Sec. 1679. Modernization of Army lower tier air and missile defense 
              sensor.
Sec. 1680. Defense of Hawaii from North Korean ballistic missile 
              attack.
Sec. 1681. Designation of location of continental United States 
              interceptor site.
Sec. 1682. Aegis Ashore anti-air warfare capability.
Sec. 1683. Development of persistent space-based sensor architecture.
Sec. 1684. Iron Dome short-range rocket defense system and Israeli 
              Cooperative Missile Defense Program co-development and 
              co-production.
Sec. 1685. Boost phase ballistic missile defense.
Sec. 1686. Ground-based interceptor capability, capacity, and 
              reliability.
Sec. 1687. Limitation on availability of funds for ground-based 
              midcourse defense element of the ballistic missile 
              defense system.
Sec. 1688. Plan for development of space-based ballistic missile 
              intercept layer.
Sec. 1689. Sense of Congress on the state of the missile defense of the 
              United States.
Sec. 1690.  Sense of Congress and report on ground-based midcourse 
              defense testing.

                       Subtitle F--Other Matters

Sec. 1691. Commission to Assess the Threat to the United States From 
              Electromagnetic Pulse Attacks and Similar Events.
Sec. 1692. Protection of certain facilities and assets from unmanned 
              aircraft.
Sec. 1693. Conventional prompt global strike weapons system.
Sec. 1694. Business case analysis regarding ammonium perchlorate.
Sec. 1695. Report on industrial base for large solid rocket motors and 
              related technologies.
Sec. 1696. Pilot program on enhancing information sharing for security 
              of supply chain.
Sec. 1697. Pilot program on electromagnetic spectrum mapping.
Sec. 1698. Use of commercial items in Distributed Common Ground 
              Systems.

   TITLE XVII--SMALL BUSINESS PROCUREMENT AND INDUSTRIAL BASE MATTERS

Sec. 1701. Amendments to HUBZone provisions of the Small Business Act.

[[Page H8709]]

Sec. 1702. Uniformity in procurement terminology.
Sec. 1703. Improving reporting on small business goals.
Sec. 1704. Responsibilities of Business Opportunity Specialists.
Sec. 1705. Responsibilities of commercial market representatives.
Sec. 1706. Modification of past performance pilot program to include 
              consideration of past performance with allies of the 
              United States.
Sec. 1707. Notice of cost-free Federal procurement technical assistance 
              in connection with registration of small business 
              concerns on procurement websites of the Department of 
              Defense.
Sec. 1708. Inclusion of SBIR and STTR programs in technical assistance.
Sec. 1709. Requirements relating to competitive procedures and 
              justification for awards under the SBIR and STTR 
              programs.
Sec. 1710. Pilot program for streamlined technology transition from the 
              SBIR and STTR programs of the Department of Defense.
Sec. 1711. Pilot program on strengthening manufacturing in the defense 
              industrial base.
Sec. 1712. Review regarding applicability of foreign ownership, 
              control, or influence requirements of National Industrial 
              Security Program to national technology and industrial 
              base companies.
Sec. 1713. Report on sourcing of tungsten and tungsten powders from 
              domestic producers.
Sec. 1714. Report on utilization of small business concerns for Federal 
              contracts.

           TITLE XVIII--GOVERNMENT PURCHASE AND TRAVEL CARDS

Sec. 1801. Short title.
Sec. 1802. Definitions.
Sec. 1803. Expanded use of data analytics.
Sec. 1804. Guidance on improving information sharing to curb improper 
              payments.
Sec. 1805. Interagency charge card data management group.
Sec. 1806. Reporting requirements.

            DIVISION B--MILITARY CONSTRUCTION AUTHORIZATIONS

Sec. 2001. Short title.
Sec. 2002. Expiration of authorizations and amounts required to be 
              specified by law.
Sec. 2003. Effective date.

                 TITLE XXI--ARMY MILITARY CONSTRUCTION

Sec. 2101. Authorized Army construction and land acquisition projects.
Sec. 2102. Family housing.
Sec. 2103. Improvements to military family housing units.
Sec. 2104. Authorization of appropriations, Army.
Sec. 2105. Modification of authority to carry out certain fiscal year 
              2014 project.
Sec. 2106. Modification of authority to carry out certain fiscal year 
              2015 project.
Sec. 2107. Extension of authorization of certain fiscal year 2014 
              project.
Sec. 2108. Extension of authorizations of certain fiscal year 2015 
              projects.
Sec. 2109. Additional authority to carry out certain fiscal year 2000, 
              2005, 2006, and 2007 projects.

                 TITLE XXII--NAVY MILITARY CONSTRUCTION

Sec. 2201. Authorized Navy construction and land acquisition projects.
Sec. 2202. Family housing.
Sec. 2203. Improvements to military family housing units.
Sec. 2204. Authorization of appropriations, Navy.
Sec. 2205. Extension of authorizations for certain fiscal year 2014 
              projects.
Sec. 2206. Extension of authorizations of certain fiscal year 2015 
              projects.

              TITLE XXIII--AIR FORCE MILITARY CONSTRUCTION

Sec. 2301. Authorized Air Force construction and land acquisition 
              projects.
Sec. 2302. Family housing.
Sec. 2303. Improvements to military family housing units.
Sec. 2304. Authorization of appropriations, Air Force.
Sec. 2305. Modification of authority to carry out certain fiscal year 
              2017 projects.
Sec. 2306. Extension of authorizations of certain fiscal year 2015 
              projects.

           TITLE XXIV--DEFENSE AGENCIES MILITARY CONSTRUCTION

Sec. 2401. Authorized Defense Agencies construction and land 
              acquisition projects.
Sec. 2402. Authorized energy resiliency and conservation projects.
Sec. 2403. Authorization of appropriations, Defense Agencies.
Sec. 2404. Modification of authority to carry out certain fiscal year 
              2017 project.
Sec. 2405. Extension of authorizations of certain fiscal year 2014 
              projects.
Sec. 2406. Extension of authorizations of certain fiscal year 2015 
              projects.

                   TITLE XXV--INTERNATIONAL PROGRAMS

  Subtitle A--North Atlantic Treaty Organization Security Investment 
                                Program

Sec. 2501. Authorized NATO construction and land acquisition projects.
Sec. 2502. Authorization of appropriations, NATO.

             Subtitle B--Host Country In-Kind Contributions

Sec. 2511. Republic of Korea funded construction projects.
Sec. 2512. Modification of authority to carry out certain fiscal year 
              2017 projects.

            TITLE XXVI--GUARD AND RESERVE FORCES FACILITIES

 Subtitle A--Project Authorizations and Authorization of Appropriations

Sec. 2601. Authorized Army National Guard construction and land 
              acquisition projects.
Sec. 2602. Authorized Army Reserve construction and land acquisition 
              projects.
Sec. 2603. Authorized Navy Reserve and Marine Corps Reserve 
              construction and land acquisition projects.
Sec. 2604. Authorized Air National Guard construction and land 
              acquisition projects.
Sec. 2605. Authorized Air Force Reserve construction and land 
              acquisition projects.
Sec. 2606. Authorization of appropriations, National Guard and Reserve.

                       Subtitle B--Other Matters

Sec. 2611. Modification of authority to carry out certain fiscal year 
              2015 project.
Sec. 2612. Extension of authorizations of certain fiscal year 2014 
              projects.
Sec. 2613. Extension of authorizations of certain fiscal year 2015 
              projects.

          TITLE XXVII--BASE REALIGNMENT AND CLOSURE ACTIVITIES

Sec. 2701. Authorization of appropriations for base realignment and 
              closure activities funded through Department of Defense 
              base closure account.
Sec. 2702. Prohibition on conducting additional base realignment and 
              closure (BRAC) round.

         TITLE XXVIII--MILITARY CONSTRUCTION GENERAL PROVISIONS

 Subtitle A--Military Construction Program and Military Family Housing

Sec. 2801. Elimination of written notice requirement for military 
              construction activities and reliance on electronic 
              submission of notifications and reports.
Sec. 2802. Modification of thresholds applicable to unspecified minor 
              construction projects.
Sec. 2803. Annual locality adjustment of dollar thresholds applicable 
              to unspecified minor military construction authorities.
Sec. 2804. Extension of temporary, limited authority to use operation 
              and maintenance funds for construction projects outside 
              the United States.
Sec. 2805. Use of operation and maintenance funds for military 
              construction projects to replace facilities damaged or 
              destroyed by natural disasters or terrorism incidents.
Sec. 2806. Annual report on unfunded requirements for laboratory 
              military construction projects.

        Subtitle B--Real Property and Facilities Administration

Sec. 2811. Elimination of written notice requirement for military real 
              property transactions and reliance on electronic 
              submission of notifications and reports.
Sec. 2812. Certification related to certain acquisitions or leases of 
              real property.
Sec. 2813. Increased term limit for intergovernmental support 
              agreements to provide installation support services.
Sec. 2814. Authorizing reimbursement of States for costs of suppressing 
              wildfires caused by Department of Defense activities on 
              State lands; restoration of lands of other Federal 
              agencies for damage caused by Department of Defense 
              vehicle mishaps.
Sec. 2815. Criteria for exchanges of property at military 
              installations.
Sec. 2816. Land exchange valuation of property with reduced development 
              that limits encroachment on military installations.
Sec. 2817. Requirements for window fall prevention devices in military 
              family housing.
Sec. 2818. Prohibiting use of updated assessment of public schools on 
              Department of Defense installations to supersede funding 
              of certain projects.
Sec. 2819. Access to military installations by transportation network 
              companies.

          Subtitle C--Project Management and Oversight Reforms

Sec. 2821. Notification requirement for certain cost increases.
Sec. 2822. Annual report on schedule delays.
Sec. 2823. Report on design errors and omissions related to Fort Bliss 
              hospital replacement project.
Sec. 2824. Report on cost increase and delay related to USSTRATCOM 
              command and control facility project at Offutt Air Force 
              Base.

                     Subtitle D--Energy Resilience

Sec. 2831. Energy resilience.
Sec. 2832. Authority to use energy cost savings for energy resilience, 
              mission assurance, and weather damage repair and 
              prevention measures.

[[Page H8710]]

Sec. 2833. Consideration of energy security and energy resilience in 
              awarding energy and fuel contracts for military 
              installations.
Sec. 2834. Requirement to address energy resilience in exercising 
              utility system conveyance authority.
Sec. 2835. In-kind lease payments; prioritization of utility services 
              that promote energy resilience.
Sec. 2836. Annual Department of Defense energy management reports.
Sec. 2837. Aggregation of energy efficiency and energy resilience 
              projects in life cycle cost analyses.

                      Subtitle E--Land Conveyances

Sec. 2841. Land exchange, Naval Industrial Reserve Ordnance Plant, 
              Sunnyvale, California.
Sec. 2842. Land conveyance, Mountain Home Air Force Base, Idaho.
Sec. 2843. Lease of real property to the United States Naval Academy 
              Alumni Association and Naval Academy Foundation at United 
              States Naval Academy, Annapolis, Maryland.
Sec. 2844. Land Conveyance, Natick Soldier Systems Center, 
              Massachusetts.
Sec. 2845. Land exchange, Naval Air Station Corpus Christi, Texas.
Sec. 2846. Imposition of additional conditions on future use of Castner 
              Range, Fort Bliss, Texas.
Sec. 2847. Land conveyance, former missile alert facility known as 
              Quebec-01, Laramie County, Wyoming.

         Subtitle F--Military Memorials, Monuments, and Museums

Sec. 2861. Recognition of the National Museum of World War II Aviation.
Sec. 2862. Principal office of Aviation Hall of Fame.
Sec. 2863. Establishment of a visitor services facility on the 
              Arlington Ridge tract.
Sec. 2864. Modification of prohibition on transfer of veterans memorial 
              objects to foreign governments without specific 
              authorization in law.

                       Subtitle G--Other Matters

Sec. 2871. Authority of the Secretary of the Air Force to accept lessee 
              improvements at Air Force Plant 42.
Sec. 2872. Modification of Department of Defense guidance on use of 
              airfield pavement markings.
Sec. 2873. Authority of Chief Operating Officer of Armed Forces 
              Retirement Home to acquire and lease property.
Sec. 2874. Restrictions on rehabilitation of Over-the-Horizon 
              Backscatter Radar Station.
Sec. 2875. Permitting machine room-less elevators in Department of 
              Defense facilities.
Sec. 2876. Disclosure of beneficial ownership by foreign persons of 
              high security space leased by the Department of Defense.
Sec. 2877. Joint use of Dobbins Air Reserve Base, Marietta, Georgia, 
              with civil aviation.
Sec. 2878. Report on hurricane damage to Department of Defense assets.
Sec. 2879. Special rules for certain projects.
Sec. 2880. Energy security for military installations in Europe.

   TITLE XXIX--OVERSEAS CONTINGENCY OPERATIONS MILITARY CONSTRUCTION

Sec. 2901. Authorized Army construction and land acquisition projects.
Sec. 2902. Authorized Navy construction and land acquisition project.
Sec. 2903. Authorized Air Force construction and land acquisition 
              project.
Sec. 2904. Authorized Defense Agencies construction and land 
              acquisition project.
Sec. 2905. Authorization of appropriations.
Sec. 2906. Extension of authorization of certain fiscal year 2015 
              projects.

 DIVISION C--DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY NATIONAL SECURITY AUTHORIZATIONS AND 
                          OTHER AUTHORIZATIONS

      TITLE XXXI--DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY NATIONAL SECURITY PROGRAMS

       Subtitle A--National Security Programs and Authorizations

Sec. 3101. National Nuclear Security Administration.
Sec. 3102. Defense environmental cleanup.
Sec. 3103. Other defense activities.
Sec. 3104. Nuclear energy.

   Subtitle B--Program Authorizations, Restrictions, and Limitations

Sec. 3111. Nuclear security enterprise infrastructure modernization 
              initiative.
Sec. 3112. Incorporation of integrated surety architecture in 
              transportation.
Sec. 3113. Cost estimates for life extension program and major 
              alteration projects.
Sec. 3114. Improved information relating to certain defense nuclear 
              nonproliferation programs.
Sec. 3115. Research and development of advanced naval reactor fuel 
              based on low-enriched uranium.
Sec. 3116. National Nuclear Security Administration pay and performance 
              system.
Sec. 3117. Budget requests and certification regarding nuclear weapons 
              dismantlement.
Sec. 3118. Nuclear warhead design competition.
Sec. 3119. Modification of minor construction threshold for plant 
              projects.
Sec. 3120. Extension of authorization of Advisory Board on Toxic 
              Substances and Worker Health.
Sec. 3121. Use of funds for construction and project support activities 
              relating to MOX facility.
Sec. 3122. Prohibition on availability of funds for programs in Russian 
              Federation.

                     Subtitle C--Plans and Reports

Sec. 3131. Annual Selected Acquisition Reports on certain hardware 
              relating to defense nuclear nonproliferation.
Sec. 3132. Annual reports on unfunded priorities of National Nuclear 
              Security Administration.
Sec. 3133. Modification of certain reporting requirements.
Sec. 3134. Modification to stockpile stewardship, management, and 
              responsiveness plan.
Sec. 3135. Assessment and development of prototype nuclear weapons of 
              foreign countries.
Sec. 3136. Plan for verification, detection, and monitoring of nuclear 
              weapons and fissile material.
Sec. 3137. Review of United States nuclear and radiological terrorism 
              prevention strategy.
Sec. 3138. Assessment of management and operating contracts of national 
              security laboratories.
Sec. 3139. Evaluation of classification of certain defense nuclear 
              waste.
Sec. 3140. Improved reporting for anti-smuggling radiation detection 
              systems.
Sec. 3141. Plutonium capabilities.
Sec. 3142. Report on critical decision 1 on Material Staging Facility 
              project.
Sec. 3143. Plan to further minimize the use of highly enriched uranium 
              for medical isotopes.

                       Subtitle D--Other Matters

Sec. 3151. Sense of Congress regarding compensation of individuals 
              relating to uranium mining and nuclear testing.

          TITLE XXXII--DEFENSE NUCLEAR FACILITIES SAFETY BOARD

Sec. 3201. Authorization.

                 TITLE XXXIV--NAVAL PETROLEUM RESERVES

Sec. 3401. Authorization of appropriations.

                      TITLE XXXV--MARITIME MATTERS

Sec. 3501. Authorization of the Maritime Administration.
Sec. 3502. Merchant Ship Sales Act of 1946.
Sec. 3503. Maritime Security Fleet Program; restriction on operation 
              for new entrants.
Sec. 3504. Codification of sections relating to acquisition, charter, 
              and requisition of vessels.
Sec. 3505. Assistance for small shipyards.
Sec. 3506. Report on sexual assault victim recovery in the Coast Guard.
Sec. 3507. Centers of excellence.
Sec. 3508. Foreign spill protection.
Sec. 3509. Removal of adjunct professor limit at United States Merchant 
              Marine Academy.
Sec. 3510. Acceptance of guarantees in conjunction with partial 
              donations for major projects of the United States 
              Merchant Marine Academy.
Sec. 3511. Authority to pay conveyance or transfer expenses in 
              connection with acceptance of a gift to the United States 
              Merchant Marine Academy.
Sec. 3512. Authority to participate in Federal, State or other research 
              grants.
Sec. 3513. Provision of satellite communication devices during Sea Year 
              program.
Sec. 3514. Actions to address sexual harassment, dating violence, 
              domestic violence, sexual assault, and stalking at the 
              United States Merchant Marine Academy.
Sec. 3515. Sexual assault prevention and response staff for the United 
              States Merchant Marine Academy.
Sec. 3516. Protection of cadets at the United States Merchant Marine 
              Academy from sexual assault onboard commercial vessels.
Sec. 3517. Training requirement for sexual assault investigators.

                       DIVISION D--FUNDING TABLES

Sec. 4001. Authorization of amounts in funding tables.

                         TITLE XLI--PROCUREMENT

Sec. 4101. Procurement.
Sec. 4102. Procurement for overseas contingency operations.

        TITLE XLII--RESEARCH, DEVELOPMENT, TEST, AND EVALUATION

Sec. 4201. Research, development, test, and evaluation.
Sec. 4202. Research, development, test, and evaluation for overseas 
              contingency operations.

                 TITLE XLIII--OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE

Sec. 4301. Operation and maintenance.
Sec. 4302. Operation and maintenance for overseas contingency 
              operations.

                     TITLE XLIV--MILITARY PERSONNEL

Sec. 4401. Military personnel.
Sec. 4402. Military personnel for overseas contingency operations.

                    TITLE XLV--OTHER AUTHORIZATIONS

Sec. 4501. Other authorizations.
Sec. 4502. Other authorizations for overseas contingency operations.

[[Page H8711]]

                   TITLE XLVI--MILITARY CONSTRUCTION

Sec. 4601. Military construction.
Sec. 4602. Military construction for overseas contingency operations.

      TITLE XLVII--DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY NATIONAL SECURITY PROGRAMS

Sec. 4701. Department of Energy national security programs.

     SEC. 3. CONGRESSIONAL DEFENSE COMMITTEES.

       In this Act, the term ``congressional defense committees'' 
     has the meaning given that term in section 101(a)(16) of 
     title 10, United States Code.

     SEC. 4. BUDGETARY EFFECTS OF THIS ACT.

       The budgetary effects of this Act, for the purposes of 
     complying with the Statutory Pay-As-You-Go Act of 2010, shall 
     be determined by reference to the latest statement titled 
     ``Budgetary Effects of PAYGO Legislation'' for this Act, 
     jointly submitted for printing in the Congressional Record by 
     the Chairmen of the House and Senate Budget Committees, 
     provided that such statement has been submitted prior to the 
     vote on passage in the House acting first on the conference 
     report or amendment between the Houses.

            DIVISION A--DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE AUTHORIZATIONS

                          TITLE I--PROCUREMENT

              Subtitle A--Authorization Of Appropriations

Sec. 101. Authorization of appropriations.

                       Subtitle B--Army Programs

Sec. 111. Authority to expedite procurement of 7.62mm rifles.
Sec. 112. Limitation on availability of funds for Increment 2 of the 
              Warfighter Information Network-Tactical program.
Sec. 113. Limitation on availability of funds for upgrade of M113 
              vehicles.

                       Subtitle C--Navy Programs

Sec. 121. Aircraft carriers.
Sec. 122. Icebreaker vessel.
Sec. 123. Multiyear procurement authority for Arleigh Burke class 
              destroyers.
Sec. 124. Multiyear procurement authority for Virginia class submarine 
              program.
Sec. 125. Design and construction of the lead ship of the amphibious 
              ship replacement designated LX(R) or amphibious transport 
              dock designated LPD-30.
Sec. 126. Multiyear procurement authority for V-22 Osprey aircraft.
Sec. 127. Extension of limitation on use of sole-source shipbuilding 
              contracts for certain vessels.
Sec. 128. Limitation on availability of funds for the enhanced multi-
              mission parachute system.
Sec. 129. Report on Navy capacity to increase production of certain 
              rotary wing aircraft.

                     Subtitle D--Air Force Programs

Sec. 131. Inventory requirement for Air Force fighter aircraft.
Sec. 132. Prohibition on availability of funds for retirement of E-8 
              JSTARS aircraft.
Sec. 133. Requirement for continuation of JSTARS aircraft 
              recapitalization program.
Sec. 134. Limitation on selection of single contractor for C-130H 
              avionics modernization program increment 2.
Sec. 135. Limitation on availability of funds for EC-130H Compass Call 
              recapitalization program.
Sec. 136. Limitation on retirement of U-2 and RQ-4 aircraft.
Sec. 137. Cost-benefit analysis of upgrades to MQ-9 Reaper aircraft.
Sec. 138. Plan for modernization of the radar for F-16 fighter aircraft 
              of the National Guard.
Sec. 139. Comptroller General review of Air Force fielding plan for HH-
              60 replacement programs.

       Subtitle E--Defense-wide, Joint, and Multiservice Matters

Sec. 141. F-35 economic order quantity contracting authority.
Sec. 142. Authority for explosive ordnance disposal units to acquire 
              new or emerging technologies and capabilities.
Sec. 143.  Requirement that certain aircraft and unmanned aerial 
              vehicles use specified standard data link.
Sec. 144. Reinstatement of requirement to preserve certain C-5 
              aircraft; mobility capability and requirements study.

              Subtitle A--Authorization Of Appropriations

     SEC. 101. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

       Funds are hereby authorized to be appropriated for fiscal 
     year 2018 for procurement for the Army, the Navy and the 
     Marine Corps, the Air Force, and Defense-wide activities, as 
     specified in the funding table in section 4101.

                       Subtitle B--Army Programs

     SEC. 111. AUTHORITY TO EXPEDITE PROCUREMENT OF 7.62MM RIFLES.

       (a) 7.62mm Rifles.--
       (1) Procurement authority.--The Secretary of the Army is 
     authorized to expedite the procurement of a commercially 
     available off-the-shelf item or nondevelopmental item for a 
     7.62mm rifle capability in accordance with this section.
       (2) Limitation.--The Secretary of the Army may use the 
     authority under paragraph (1) to procure only the following:
       (A) Not more than 7,000 7.62mm rifles.
       (B) Equipment and ammunition associated with such rifles.
       (3) Contracting procedures.--
       (A) Full and open competition.--In awarding contracts under 
     paragraph (1), the Secretary of the Army shall use full and 
     open competition to the extent practicable.
       (B) Procedures other than full and open competition.--The 
     Secretary of the Army may not award a contract under 
     paragraph (1) using procedures other than full and open 
     competition until a period of 10 days has elapsed following 
     the date on which the Secretary submits to the congressional 
     committees the report described in subparagraph (C).
       (C) Report.--The report described in this subparagraph is a 
     report of the Secretary of the Army that includes--
       (i) a detailed justification for limiting full and open 
     competition for the procurement authorized under paragraph 
     (1);
       (ii) a description of the objectives, costs, and timelines 
     associated with the procurement; and
       (iii) an assessment of the projected impact of the 
     procurement on any related programs in terms of cost, 
     schedule, and the use of full and open competition in such 
     programs.
       (b) Related Programs.--
       (1) In general.--The Secretary of the Army is authorized to 
     use funds made available to carry out subsection (a)--
       (A) to accelerate by two years the squad designated 
     marksman rifle program of the Army;
       (B) to accelerate by two years the advanced armor piercing 
     ammunition program of the Army; and
       (C) subject to paragraph (2), to accelerate the next 
     generation squad weapon program of the Army.
       (2) Full and open competition.--Any contract awarded under 
     the next generation squad weapon program of the Army shall be 
     awarded using full and open competition.
       (c) Definitions.--In this section, the terms ``commercially 
     available off-the-shelf item'', ``full and open 
     competition'', and ``nondevelopmental item'' have the 
     meanings given the terms in chapter 1 of title 41, United 
     States Code.

     SEC. 112. LIMITATION ON AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS FOR INCREMENT 2 
                   OF THE WARFIGHTER INFORMATION NETWORK-TACTICAL 
                   PROGRAM.

       (a) Limitation.--Of the funds authorized to be appropriated 
     by this Act or otherwise made available for the Department of 
     Defense for fiscal year 2018 for Increment 2 of the 
     Warfighter Information Network-Tactical program of the Army 
     (referred to in this section as ``WIN-T Increment 2'') not 
     more than 50 percent may be used to enter into, or to prepare 
     to enter into, a contract for the procurement of equipment 
     under the program until the date on which the Secretary of 
     the Army submits the report under subsection (b).
       (b) Report.--Not later than January 31, 2018, the Secretary 
     of the Army, in consultation with the Chief of Staff of the 
     Army, shall submit to the congressional defense committees a 
     report on the strategy of the Army for modernizing air-land 
     ad-hoc, mobile tactical communications and data networks.
       (c) Elements.--The report under subsection (b) shall 
     include the following:
       (1) A description of the strategy of the Army for 
     modernizing air-land ad-hoc, mobile tactical communications 
     and data networks.
       (2) The justification, rationale, and decision points for 
     the strategy, including how network requirements are being 
     redefined.
       (3) How the Army intends to implement the recommendations 
     accepted by the Secretary of the Army related to air-land ad-
     hoc, mobile tactical communications and data networks 
     provided by the Director of Cost Assessment and Program 
     Evaluation pursuant to section 237 of the National Defense 
     Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2016 (Public Law 114-92; 
     129 Stat. 781).
       (4) How the Army will address the vulnerabilities 
     identified by the report of the Director of Cost Assessment 
     and Program Evaluation on the mobile, ad-hoc network against 
     a modern peer adversary capable of cyber and electronic 
     warfare detection and intrusion.
       (5) A timeline and decision points for upgrading fielded 
     WIN-T Increment 1B systems.
       (6) A list of planned upgrades for components of WIN-T 
     Increment 2 designed to improve program capabilities, 
     including size, weight, and complexity, including the impact 
     of these improvements on the cost of the program, as well as 
     fielding schedules for Army Brigade Combat Teams.
       (7) How the strategy will reduce Army reliance on satellite 
     communications, including procurement and test strategies for 
     more resilient and secure mid-tier line of sight capability.
       (8) How the strategy will address identified joint 
     interoperability capability gaps, specifically for units 
     known as ``fight tonight'' units, including procurement and 
     test plans for identified solutions.
       (9) Decision points associated with the near term 
     modernization strategy for mitigating operational capability 
     gaps for such ``fight tonight'' units.
       (10) The decision points and timelines associated with the 
     fielding of modernized mobile tactical network communications 
     to the reserve components of the Army.
       (11) The planned funding and program realignments required 
     for fiscal year 2018 and across the future years defense 
     program that will be required to support the new strategy.
       (12) Identification of the changes in acquisition policy as 
     well as operational requirements being implemented to deliver 
     an effective, suitable, and survivable network to the 
     warfighter.
       (13) Identification of the changes in leadership and 
     governance that will be associated with the new strategy.
       (d) Form of Report.--The report required by section (b) 
     shall be submitted in unclassified form, but may include a 
     classified annex.

     SEC. 113. LIMITATION ON AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS FOR UPGRADE OF 
                   M113 VEHICLES.

       (a) Limitation.--Of the funds authorized to be appropriated 
     by this Act or otherwise made

[[Page H8712]]

     available for fiscal year 2018 for the upgrade of M113 
     vehicles of the Army, not more than 50 percent may be 
     obligated or expended until the date on which Secretary of 
     the Army submits to the congressional defense committees the 
     report described in subsection (b).
       (b) Report.--The report described in this subsection is a 
     report setting forth the strategy of the Army for the upgrade 
     of M113 vehicles that includes the following:
       (1) A detailed strategy for upgrading and fielding M113 
     vehicles.
       (2) An analysis of the manner in which the Army plans to 
     address M113 vehicle survivability and maneuverability 
     concerns.
       (3) An analysis of the historical costs associated with 
     upgrading M113 vehicles, and a validation of current cost 
     estimates for upgrading such vehicles.
       (4) A comparison of--
       (A) the total procurement and life cycle costs of adding an 
     echelon above brigade requirement to the Army Multi-Purpose 
     Vehicle; and
       (B) the total procurement and life cycle costs of upgrading 
     legacy M113 vehicles.
       (5) An analysis of the possibility of further accelerating 
     Army Multi-Purpose Vehicle production or modifying the 
     fielding strategy for the Army Multi-Purpose Vehicle to meet 
     near-term echelon above brigade requirements.

                       Subtitle C--Navy Programs

     SEC. 121. AIRCRAFT CARRIERS.

       (a) Modification of Cost Limitation Baseline for CVN-78 
     Class Aircraft Carrier Program.--Section 122 of the John 
     Warner National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 
     2007 (Public Law 109-364; 120 Stat. 2105), as most recently 
     amended by section 122 of the National Defense Authorization 
     Act for Fiscal Year 2016 (Public Law 114-92; 129 Stat. 749), 
     is amended--
       (1) in subsection (a), by striking paragraph (2) and 
     inserting the following:
       ``(2) Carrier designated as cvn-79.--The total amount 
     obligated from funds appropriated or otherwise made available 
     for Shipbuilding and Conversion, Navy, or for any other 
     procurement account, for the aircraft carrier designated as 
     CVN-79 may not exceed $11,398,000,000 (as adjusted pursuant 
     to subsection (b)).
       ``(3) Follow-on ships.--The total amount obligated from 
     funds appropriated or otherwise made available for 
     Shipbuilding and Conversion, Navy, or for any other 
     procurement account, for any ship that is constructed in the 
     CVN-78 class of aircraft carriers after the aircraft carrier 
     designated as CVN-79 may not exceed $12,568,000,000 (as 
     adjusted pursuant to subsection (b)).'';
       (2) in subsection (b), by amending paragraph (1) to read as 
     follows:
       ``(1) The amounts of increases or decreases in costs 
     attributable to economic inflation--
       ``(A) after September 30, 2013, in the case of the aircraft 
     carrier designated as CVN-79; and
       ``(B) after September 30, 2017, in the case of any ship 
     that is constructed in the CVN-78 class of aircraft carriers 
     after the aircraft carrier designated as CVN-79.''; and
       (3) by adding at the end the following:
       ``(g) Exclusion of Battle and Interim Spares From Cost 
     Limitation.--The Secretary of the Navy shall exclude from the 
     determination of the amounts set forth in paragraphs (2) and 
     (3) of subsection (a), the costs of the following items:
       ``(1) CVN-78 class battle spares.
       ``(2) Interim spares.''.
       (b) Waiver on Limitation of Availability of Funds for CVN-
     79.--The Secretary of Defense may waive subsections (a) and 
     (b) of section 128 of the National Defense Authorization Act 
     for Fiscal Year 2016 (Public Law 114-92; 129 Stat. 751) after 
     a period of 60 days has elapsed following the date on which 
     the Secretary submits to the congressional defense committees 
     a written notification of the intent of the Secretary to 
     issue such a waiver. The Secretary shall include in any such 
     notification the following:
       (1) The rationale of the Secretary for issuing the waiver.
       (2) The revised test and evaluation master plan that 
     describes when full ship shock trials will be held on Ford-
     class aircraft carriers.
       (3) A certification that the Secretary has analyzed and 
     accepted the operational risk of the U.S.S. Gerald R. Ford 
     deploying without having conducted full ship shock trials, 
     and that the Secretary has not delegated the decision to 
     issue such waiver.

     SEC. 122. ICEBREAKER VESSEL.

       (a) Authority to Procure One Polar-class Heavy 
     Icebreaker.--
       (1) In general.--There is authorized to be procured for the 
     Coast Guard one polar-class heavy icebreaker vessel.
       (2) Condition for out-year contract payments.--A contract 
     entered into under paragraph (1) shall provide that any 
     obligation of the United States to make a payment under the 
     contract for a fiscal year after fiscal year 2018 is subject 
     to the availability of appropriations or funds for that 
     purpose for such later fiscal year.
       (b) Limitation on Availability of Funds for Procurement of 
     Icebreaker Vessels.--None of the funds authorized to be 
     appropriated by this Act or otherwise made available for the 
     Department of Defense for any fiscal year that are 
     unobligated as of the date of the enactment of this Act may 
     be obligated or expended for the procurement of an icebreaker 
     vessel other than the one polar-class heavy icebreaker vessel 
     authorized to be procured under subsection (a)(1).
       (c) Contracting Authority.--
       (1) Coast guard.--If funds are appropriated to the 
     department in which the Coast Guard is operating to carry out 
     subsection (a)(1), the head of contracting activity for the 
     Coast Guard shall be responsible for contracting actions 
     carried out using such funds.
       (2) Navy.--If funds are appropriated to the Department of 
     Defense to carry out subsection (a)(1), the head of 
     contracting activity for the Navy, Naval Sea Systems Command 
     shall be responsible for contracting actions carried out 
     using such funds.
       (3) Interagency acquisition.--Notwithstanding paragraphs 
     (1) and (2), the head of contracting activity for the Coast 
     Guard or head of contracting activity for the Navy, Naval Sea 
     Systems Command (as the case may be) may authorize 
     interagency acquisitions that are within the authority of 
     such head of contracting activity.
       (d) Comptroller General Report.--
       (1) In general.--Not later than March 1, 2018, the 
     Comptroller General of the United States shall submit to the 
     congressional defense committees, the Committee on Commerce, 
     Science, and Transportation of the Senate, and the Committee 
     on Transportation and Infrastructure of the House of 
     Representatives a report assessing the cost of, and schedule 
     for, the procurement of new icebreaker vessels for the 
     Federal Government.
       (2) Elements.--The report under paragraph (1) shall include 
     an analysis of the following:
       (A) The status of the efforts of the Coast Guard to acquire 
     new icebreaking capability, including an explanation of how 
     such efforts are coordinated through the integrated program 
     office.
       (B) Actions taken by the Coast Guard to incorporate key 
     practices of other countries with respect to the procurement 
     of icebreaker vessels to increase the Coast Guard's knowledge 
     of, and to reduce the costs and risks of, procuring such 
     vessels.
       (C) The extent to which the cost and schedule for the 
     construction of Coast Guard icebreakers differs from such 
     cost and schedule in other countries.
       (D) The extent to which innovative acquisition practices 
     (such as multiyear funding and block buys) may be applied to 
     the procurement of icebreaker vessels to reduce the costs and 
     accelerate the schedule of such procurement.
       (E) A capacity replacement plan to mitigate a potential 
     icebreaker capability gap if the Polar Star cannot remain in 
     service.
       (F) Any other matters the Comptroller General considers 
     appropriate.

     SEC. 123. MULTIYEAR PROCUREMENT AUTHORITY FOR ARLEIGH BURKE 
                   CLASS DESTROYERS.

       (a) Authority for Multiyear Procurement.--Subject to 
     section 2306b of title 10, United States Code, the Secretary 
     of the Navy may enter into one or more multiyear contracts 
     for the procurement of up to 15 Arleigh Burke class Flight 
     III guided missile destroyers.
       (b) Authority for Advance Procurement.--The Secretary of 
     the Navy may enter into one or more contracts, beginning in 
     fiscal year 2018, for advance procurement associated with the 
     destroyers for which authorization to enter into a multiyear 
     procurement contract is provided under subsection (a), and 
     for systems and subsystems associated with such destroyers in 
     economic order quantities when cost savings are achievable.
       (c) Condition for Out-year Contract Payments.--A contract 
     entered into under subsection (a) shall provide that any 
     obligation of the United States to make a payment under the 
     contract for a fiscal year after fiscal year 2018 is subject 
     to the availability of appropriations or funds for that 
     purpose for such later fiscal year.
       (d) Limitation.--The Secretary of the Navy may not modify a 
     contract entered into under subsection (a) if the 
     modification would increase the target price of the destroyer 
     by more than 10 percent above the target price specified in 
     the original contract awarded for the destroyer under 
     subsection (a).

     SEC. 124. MULTIYEAR PROCUREMENT AUTHORITY FOR VIRGINIA CLASS 
                   SUBMARINE PROGRAM.

       (a) Authority for Multiyear Procurement.--Subject to 
     section 2306b of title 10, United States Code, the Secretary 
     of the Navy may enter into one or more multiyear contracts 
     for the procurement of not more than 13 Virginia class 
     submarines.
       (b) Limitation.--The Secretary of the Navy may not modify a 
     contract entered into under subsection (a) if the 
     modification would increase the target price of the submarine 
     by more than 10 percent above the target price specified in 
     the original contract awarded for the submarine under 
     subsection (a).
       (c) Authority for Advance Procurement.--The Secretary of 
     the Navy may enter into one or more contracts, beginning in 
     fiscal year 2018, for advance procurement associated with the 
     Virginia class submarines for which authorization to enter 
     into a multiyear procurement contract is provided under 
     subsection (a) and for equipment or subsystems associated 
     with the Virginia class submarine program, including 
     procurement of--
       (1) long lead time material; or
       (2) material or equipment in economic order quantities when 
     cost savings are achievable.
       (d) Condition for Out-year Contract Payments.--A contract 
     entered into under subsection (a) shall provide that any 
     obligation of the United States to make a payment under the 
     contract for a fiscal year after fiscal year 2019 is subject 
     to the availability of appropriations or funds for that 
     purpose for such later fiscal year.
       (e) Limitation on Termination Liability.--A contract for 
     the construction of Virginia class submarines entered into 
     under subsection (a) shall include a clause that limits the 
     liability of the United States to the contractor for any 
     termination of the contract. The maximum liability of the 
     United States under the clause shall be the amount 
     appropriated for the submarines covered by the contract 
     regardless of the amount obligated under the contract.

[[Page H8713]]

       (f) Virginia Class Submarine Defined.--The term ``Virginia 
     class submarine'' means a block V configured Virginia class 
     submarine.

     SEC. 125. DESIGN AND CONSTRUCTION OF THE LEAD SHIP OF THE 
                   AMPHIBIOUS SHIP REPLACEMENT DESIGNATED LX(R) OR 
                   AMPHIBIOUS TRANSPORT DOCK DESIGNATED LPD-30.

       (a) In General.--Using funds authorized to be appropriated 
     for the Department of Defense for Shipbuilding and 
     Conversion, Navy, the Secretary of the Navy may enter into a 
     contract, beginning with the fiscal year 2018 program year, 
     for the design and construction of--
       (1) the lead ship of the amphibious ship replacement class 
     designated LX(R); or
       (2) the amphibious transport dock designated LPD-30.
       (b) Use of Incremental Funding.--With respect to the 
     contract entered into under subsection (a), the Secretary may 
     use incremental funding to make payments under the contract.
       (c) Condition for Out-year Contract Payments.--The contract 
     entered into under subsection (a) shall provide that any 
     obligation of the United States to make a payment under such 
     contract for any fiscal year after fiscal year 2018 is 
     subject to the availability of appropriations for that 
     purpose for such later fiscal year.

     SEC. 126. MULTIYEAR PROCUREMENT AUTHORITY FOR V-22 OSPREY 
                   AIRCRAFT.

       (a) Authority for Multiyear Procurement.--Subject to 
     section 2306b of title 10, United States Code (except as 
     provided in subsection (b)), the Secretary of the Navy may 
     enter into one or more multiyear contracts, beginning with 
     the 2018 program year, for the procurement of the following:
       (1) V-22 Osprey aircraft.
       (2) Common configuration-readiness and modernization 
     upgrades for V-22 Osprey aircraft.
       (b) Contract Period.--Notwithstanding section 2306b(k) of 
     title 10, United States Code, the period covered by a 
     contract entered into on a multiyear basis under the 
     authority of subsection (a) may exceed five years, but may 
     not exceed seven years.
       (c) Condition for Out-year Contract Payments.--A contract 
     entered into under subsection (a) shall provide that any 
     obligation of the United States to make a payment under the 
     contract for a fiscal year after fiscal year 2018 is subject 
     to the availability of appropriations or funds for that 
     purpose for such later fiscal year.

     SEC. 127. EXTENSION OF LIMITATION ON USE OF SOLE-SOURCE 
                   SHIPBUILDING CONTRACTS FOR CERTAIN VESSELS.

       Section 124 of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
     Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328) is amended by striking 
     ``2017'' and inserting ``2017 or fiscal year 2018''.

     SEC. 128. LIMITATION ON AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS FOR THE 
                   ENHANCED MULTI-MISSION PARACHUTE SYSTEM.

       (a) Limitation.--Of the funds authorized to be appropriated 
     by this Act or otherwise made available for the Department of 
     Defense for fiscal year 2018 for the enhanced multi-mission 
     parachute system, not more than 80 percent may be used to 
     enter into, or to prepare to enter into, a contract for the 
     procurement of such parachute system until the date on which 
     the Secretary of the Navy submits to the congressional 
     defense committees the certification under subsection (b) and 
     the report under subsection (c).
       (b) Certification.--Not later than 90 days after the date 
     of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of the Navy shall 
     submit to the congressional defense committees a 
     certification that states--
       (1) whether the multi-mission parachute system fielded by 
     the Marine Corps meets Marine Corps requirements;
       (2) whether the RA-1 parachute system of the Army meets 
     Marine Corps requirements;
       (3) whether the PARIS, Special Application Parachute of the 
     Marine Corps meets Marine Corps requirements;
       (4) whether the testing plan for the enhanced multi-mission 
     parachute system meets all applicable regulatory 
     requirements; and
       (5) whether the Department of the Navy has determined that 
     a high glide canopy parachute system is as safe and effective 
     as the fielded free fall parachute systems.
       (c) Report.--Not later than 90 days after the date of the 
     enactment of this Act, the Secretary of the Navy shall submit 
     to the congressional defense committees a report that 
     includes--
       (1) an explanation for using the Parachute Industry 
     Association specification for a military parachute given that 
     sports parachutes are deployed from relatively slow flying 
     civilian aircraft at altitudes below 10,000 feet;
       (2) a cost estimate for any new equipment and training that 
     the Marine Corps will require in order to use a high glide 
     parachute;
       (3) justification for why the Department of the Navy is not 
     conducting any testing of parachutes until first article 
     testing; and
       (4) an assessment of the risks associated with high glide 
     canopy parachutes with a focus on how the Department of the 
     Navy will mitigate the risk of malfunctions experienced in 
     other high glide canopy parachute programs.

     SEC. 129. REPORT ON NAVY CAPACITY TO INCREASE PRODUCTION OF 
                   CERTAIN ROTARY WING AIRCRAFT.

       (a) Report.--Not later than March 30, 2018, the Secretary 
     of the Navy shall submit to the congressional defense 
     committees a report that describes and assesses the capacity 
     of the Navy to increase production of the aircraft described 
     in subsection (b), taking into account an increase in the 
     size of the surface fleet of the Navy to 355 ships.
       (b) Aircraft Described.--The aircraft described in this 
     subsection are the following:
       (1) Anti-submarine warfare rotary wing aircraft.
       (2) Search and rescue rotary wing aircraft.

                     Subtitle D--Air Force Programs

     SEC. 131. INVENTORY REQUIREMENT FOR AIR FORCE FIGHTER 
                   AIRCRAFT.

       (a) Inventory Requirement.--Section 8062 of title 10, 
     United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the 
     following new subsection:
       ``(i)(1) During the period beginning on October 1, 2017, 
     and ending on October 1, 2022, the Secretary of the Air Force 
     shall maintain a total aircraft inventory of fighter aircraft 
     of not less than 1,970 aircraft, and a total primary mission 
     aircraft inventory (combat-coded) of not less than 1,145 
     fighter aircraft.
       ``(2) In this subsection:
       ``(A) The term `fighter aircraft' means an aircraft that--
       ``(i) is designated by a mission design series prefix of F- 
     or A-;
       ``(ii) is manned by one or two crewmembers; and
       ``(iii) executes single-role or multi-role missions, 
     including air-to-air combat, air-to-ground attack, air 
     interdiction, suppression or destruction of enemy air 
     defenses, close air support, strike control and 
     reconnaissance, combat search and rescue support, or airborne 
     forward air control.
       ``(B) The term `primary mission aircraft inventory' means 
     aircraft assigned to meet the primary aircraft authorization 
     to a unit for the performance of its wartime mission.''.
       (b) Limitation on Retirement of Air Force Fighter 
     Aircraft.--
       (1) Limitation.--Except as provided in subsection (c), 
     during the period beginning on October 1, 2017, and ending on 
     October 1, 2022, the Secretary of the Air Force may not 
     proceed with a decision to retire fighter aircraft in any 
     number that would reduce the total number of such aircraft in 
     the Air Force total active inventory below 1,970, and shall 
     maintain a minimum of 1,145 fighter aircraft designated as 
     primary mission aircraft inventory.
       (2) Additional limitations on retirement of fighter 
     aircraft.--Except as provided in subsection (c), during the 
     period beginning on October 1, 2017, and ending on October 1, 
     2022, the Secretary of the Air Force may not retire fighter 
     aircraft from the total active inventory as of the date of 
     the enactment of this Act until the later of the following:
       (A) The date that is 30 days after the date on which the 
     Secretary submits the report required under paragraph (3).
       (B) The date that is 30 days after the date on which the 
     Secretary certifies to the congressional defense committees 
     that--
       (i) the retirement of such fighter aircraft will not 
     increase the operational risk of meeting the National Defense 
     Strategy; and
       (ii) the retirement of such aircraft will not reduce the 
     total fighter force structure below 1,970 fighter aircraft or 
     the primary mission aircraft inventory below 1,145.
       (3) Report on retirement of aircraft.--The Secretary of the 
     Air Force shall submit to the congressional defense 
     committees a report setting forth the following:
       (A) The rationale for the retirement of existing fighter 
     aircraft and an operational analysis of the portfolio of 
     capabilities of the Air Force that demonstrates performance 
     of the designated mission at an equal or greater level of 
     effectiveness as the retiring aircraft.
       (B) An assessment of the implications for the Air Force, 
     the Air National Guard, and the Air Force Reserve of the 
     force mix ratio of fighter aircraft.
       (C) Such other matters relating to the retirement of 
     fighter aircraft as the Secretary considers appropriate.
       (c) Exception for Certain Aircraft.--The requirement of 
     subsection (b) does not apply to individual fighter aircraft 
     that the Secretary of the Air Force determines, on a case-by-
     case basis, to be non-operational because of mishaps, other 
     damage, or being uneconomical to repair.
       (d) Fighter Aircraft Defined.--In this section, the term 
     ``fighter aircraft'' has the meaning given the term in 
     subsection (i)(2)(A) of section 8062 of title 10, United 
     States Code, as added by subsection (a) of this section.

     SEC. 132. PROHIBITION ON AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS FOR RETIREMENT 
                   OF E-8 JSTARS AIRCRAFT.

       (a) Prohibition on Availability of Funds for Retirement.--
     Except as provided by subsection (b), none of the funds 
     authorized to be appropriated by this Act or otherwise made 
     available for fiscal year 2018 for the Air Force may be 
     obligated or expended to retire, or prepare to retire, any E-
     8 Joint Surveillance Target Attack Radar System aircraft.
       (b) Exception.--The prohibition in subsection (a) shall not 
     apply to individual E-8 Joint Surveillance Target Attack 
     Radar System aircraft that the Secretary of the Air Force 
     determines, on a case-by-case basis, to be non-operational 
     because of mishaps, other damage, or being uneconomical to 
     repair.

     SEC. 133. REQUIREMENT FOR CONTINUATION OF JSTARS AIRCRAFT 
                   RECAPITALIZATION PROGRAM.

       (a) In General.--If the budget request submitted to 
     Congress for any fiscal year includes a request by the 
     Secretary of the Air Force to cancel or modify the JSTARS 
     aircraft recapitalization program, the Secretary of Defense 
     shall submit, as part of such budget request, the report 
     described in subsection (b).
       (b) Report.--The report described in this subsection, is a 
     report that includes the following:
       (1) The assumptions, rationale, and all analysis supporting 
     the proposed cancellation or modification of the JSTARS 
     aircraft recapitalization program.
       (2) An assessment of the implications of such cancellation 
     or modification for meeting the mission requirements for air 
     battle management and moving target indicator intelligence 
     discipline of the Air Force, the Air National Guard, the 
     Army, the Army National Guard, the Navy and Marine Corps, and 
     the combatant commands.

[[Page H8714]]

       (3) A certification that the plan for the cancellation or 
     modification of the recapitalization program would not result 
     in an increased time during which there is a capability or 
     capacity gap in providing battlefield management, command and 
     control and intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance 
     capabilities to the combatant commanders.
       (4) Such other matters relating to the proposed 
     cancellation or modification as the Secretary considers 
     appropriate.
       (c) Form of Report.--The report under subsection (b) shall 
     be submitted in unclassified form, but may include a 
     classified annex.
       (d) Definitions.--In this section:
       (1) The term ``budget request'' means the budget materials 
     submitted by the Secretary of Defense in support of the 
     budget of the President for a fiscal year (submitted to 
     Congress pursuant to section 1105 of title 31, United States 
     Code).
       (2) The term ``JSTARS aircraft recapitalization program'' 
     means the recapitalization program for the E-8C Joint 
     Surveillance Target Attack Radar System aircraft as such 
     program is proposed to be carried out in the budget request 
     submitted to Congress for fiscal year 2018.

     SEC. 134. LIMITATION ON SELECTION OF SINGLE CONTRACTOR FOR C-
                   130H AVIONICS MODERNIZATION PROGRAM INCREMENT 
                   2.

       (a) Limitation.--The Secretary of the Air Force may not 
     select only a single prime contractor to carry out increment 
     2 of the C-130H avionics modernization program until the 
     Secretary submits to the congressional defense committees a 
     written certification that, in selecting such a single prime 
     contractor--
       (1) the Secretary will ensure, to the extent practicable, 
     that commercially available off-the-shelf items are used 
     under the program, including technology solutions and 
     nondevelopmental items; and
       (2) excessively restrictive military specification 
     standards will not be used to restrict or eliminate full and 
     open competition in the selection process.
       (b) Definitions.--In this section, the terms ``commercially 
     available off-the-shelf item'', ``full and open 
     competition'', and ``nondevelopmental item'' have the 
     meanings given the terms in chapter 1 of title 41, United 
     States Code.

     SEC. 135. LIMITATION ON AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS FOR EC-130H 
                   COMPASS CALL RECAPITALIZATION PROGRAM.

       (a) Limitation.--None of the funds authorized to be 
     appropriated by this Act or otherwise made available for any 
     fiscal year for the EC-130H Compass Call recapitalization 
     program of the Air Force may be obligated until a period of 
     30 days has elapsed following the date on which the Under 
     Secretary of Defense for Acquisition, Technology, and 
     Logistics submits to the congressional defense committees the 
     certification described in subsection (b).
       (b) Certification.--The certification described in this 
     subsection is a written statement certifying that--
       (1) an independent review of the acquisition process for 
     the EC-130H Compass Call recapitalization program of the Air 
     Force has been conducted; and
       (2) as a result of such review, it has been determined that 
     the acquisition process for such program complies with all 
     applicable laws, guidelines, and best practices.

     SEC. 136. LIMITATION ON RETIREMENT OF U-2 AND RQ-4 AIRCRAFT.

       (a) Limitation.--The Secretary of the Air Force may take no 
     action that would prevent the Air Force from maintaining the 
     fleets of U-2 aircraft or RQ-4 aircraft in their current, or 
     improved, configurations and capabilities until--
       (1) the Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition, 
     Technology, and Logistics certifies in writing to the 
     appropriate committees of Congress that--
       (A) in the case of the RQ-4 aircraft, the validated 
     operating and sustainment costs of the capability developed 
     to replace the RQ-4 aircraft are less than the validated 
     operating and sustainment costs for the RQ-4 aircraft on a 
     comparable flight-hour cost basis; or
       (B) in the case of the U-2 aircraft, the validated 
     operating and sustainment costs of the capability developed 
     to replace the U-2 aircraft are less than the validated 
     operating and sustainment costs for the U-2 aircraft on a 
     comparable flight-hour cost basis; and
       (2) the Chairman of the Joint Requirements Oversight 
     Council certifies in writing to the appropriate committees of 
     Congress that the capability to be fielded at the same time 
     or before the retirement of the U-2 aircraft or RQ-4 aircraft 
     (as the case may be) would result in equal or greater 
     capability available to the commanders of the combatant 
     commands and would not result in less capacity available to 
     the commanders of the combatant commands.
       (b) Waiver.--The Secretary of Defense may waive the 
     certification requirement under subsection (a)(1) with 
     respect to U-2 aircraft or RQ-4 aircraft if the Secretary--
       (1) determines, after analyzing sufficient and relevant 
     data, that a greater capability is worth increased operating 
     and sustainment costs; and
       (2) provides to the appropriate committees of Congress a 
     certification of such determination and supporting analysis.
       (c) Appropriate Committees of Congress Defined.--In this 
     section, the term ``appropriate committees of Congress'' 
     means--
       (1) the Committee on Armed Services, the Committee on 
     Appropriations, and the Select Committee on Intelligence of 
     the Senate; and
       (2) the Committee on Armed Services, the Committee on 
     Appropriations, and the Permanent Select Committee on 
     Intelligence of the House of Representatives.
       (d) Repeal.--Section 133 of the National Defense 
     Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2012 (Public Law 112-81; 
     125 Stat. 1321) is repealed.

     SEC. 137. COST-BENEFIT ANALYSIS OF UPGRADES TO MQ-9 REAPER 
                   AIRCRAFT.

       (a) In General.--The Secretary of Defense, in consultation 
     with the Secretary of the Air Force, shall conduct an 
     analysis that compares the costs and benefits of the 
     following:
       (1) Upgrading fielded MQ-9 Reaper aircraft to a Block 5 
     configuration.
       (2) Proceeding with the procurement of MQ-9B aircraft 
     instead of upgrading fielded MQ-9 Reaper aircraft to a Block 
     5 configuration.
       (b) Report Required.--
       (1) In general.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
     the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall 
     submit to the congressional defense committees a report that 
     includes the results of the cost-benefit analysis conducted 
     under subsection (a).
       (2) Form of report.--The report required by paragraph (1) 
     shall be submitted in unclassified form, but may include a 
     classified annex.

     SEC. 138. PLAN FOR MODERNIZATION OF THE RADAR FOR F-16 
                   FIGHTER AIRCRAFT OF THE NATIONAL GUARD.

       (a) Modernization Plan Required.--The Secretary of the Air 
     Force shall develop a plan to modernize the radars of F-16 
     fighter aircraft of the National Guard by replacing legacy 
     mechanically-scanned radars for such aircraft with active 
     electronically scanned array radars.
       (b) Report.--Not later 180 days after the date of the 
     enactment of this Act, the Secretary of the Air Force shall 
     submit to the congressional defense committees the plan 
     developed under subsection (a).

     SEC. 139. COMPTROLLER GENERAL REVIEW OF AIR FORCE FIELDING 
                   PLAN FOR HH-60 REPLACEMENT PROGRAMS.

       (a) Comptroller General Review.--The Comptroller General of 
     the United States shall conduct a review of the Air Force 
     fielding plan for the HH-60 replacement programs.
       (b) Elements.--The review conducted under subsection (a) 
     shall include, with respect to the HH-60 replacement 
     programs, the following:
       (1) A description of the recommendations of the National 
     Commission on the Structure of the Air Force regarding the 
     use of concurrent and proportional fielding and how the Air 
     Force applied the recommendations in the fielding plan for 
     the HH-60G replacement programs.
       (2) An evaluation of the fielding plan, including an 
     assessment of the Air Force rationale for the plan, as well 
     as the alternative fielding plans considered by the Air 
     Force.
       (3) An evaluation of the potential readiness impact of the 
     fielding plan on active duty, National Guard, and Reserve 
     units, including the impact of the plan on the ability of 
     such units to meet training, maintenance, and deployment 
     requirements, as well as the implications for total force 
     integration initiatives should the fielding not be 
     proportional.
       (c) Briefing.--Not later than March 1, 2018, the 
     Comptroller General shall provide a briefing to the 
     congressional defense committees on the review conducted 
     under subsection (a).
       (d) Final Report.--Not later than June 30, 2018, the 
     Comptroller General shall submit to the congressional 
     committees a report that includes the results of the review 
     conducted under subsection (a).
       (e) HH-60G Replacement Programs Defined.--In this section, 
     the term ``HH-60G replacement programs'' means the HH-60G Ops 
     Loss Replacement program and the HH-60W Combat Rescue 
     Helicopter program.

       Subtitle E--Defense-wide, Joint, and Multiservice Matters

     SEC. 141. F-35 ECONOMIC ORDER QUANTITY CONTRACTING AUTHORITY.

       (a) In General.--Subject to subsections (b) through (e), 
     from amounts made available for obligation under the F-35 
     aircraft program, the Secretary of Defense may enter into one 
     or more contracts, beginning with the fiscal year 2018 
     program year, for the procurement of economic order 
     quantities of material and equipment that has completed 
     formal hardware qualification testing for the F-35 aircraft 
     program for use in procurement contracts to be awarded for 
     such program during fiscal years 2019 and 2020.
       (b) Limitation.--The total amount obligated under all 
     contracts entered into under subsection (a) shall not exceed 
     $661,000,000.
       (c) Preliminary Findings.--Before entering into a contract 
     under subsection (a), the Secretary shall make each of the 
     following findings with respect to such contract:
       (1) The use of such a contract will result in significant 
     savings of the total anticipated costs of carrying out the 
     program through annual contracts.
       (2) The minimum need for the property to be procured is 
     expected to remain substantially unchanged during the 
     contemplated contract period in terms of production rate, 
     procurement rate, and total quantities.
       (3) There is a reasonable expectation that, throughout the 
     contemplated contract period, the Secretary will request 
     funding for the contract at the level required to avoid 
     contract cancellation.
       (4) That there is a stable design for the property to be 
     procured and that the technical risks associated with such 
     property are not excessive.
       (5) The estimates of both the cost of the contract and the 
     anticipated cost avoidance through the use of an economic 
     order quantity contract are realistic.
       (6) Entering into the contract will promote the national 
     security interests of the United States.
       (d) Certification Requirement.--Except as provided in 
     subsection (e), the Secretary of Defense may not enter into a 
     contract under subsection (a) until a period of 30 days has 
     elapsed following the date on which the Secretary certifies 
     to the congressional defense committees, in writing, that 
     each of the following conditions is satisfied:
       (1) A sufficient number of end items of the system being 
     acquired under such contract have

[[Page H8715]]

     been delivered at or within the most recently available 
     estimates of the program acquisition unit cost or procurement 
     unit cost for such system to determine that the estimates of 
     the unit costs are realistic.
       (2) During the fiscal year in which such contract is to be 
     awarded, sufficient funds will be available to perform the 
     contract in such fiscal year, and the future-years defense 
     program submitted to Congress under section 221 of title 10, 
     United States Code, for that fiscal year will include the 
     funding required to execute the program without cancellation.
       (3) The contract is a fixed-price type contract.
       (4) The proposed contract provides for production at not 
     less than minimum economic rates given the existing tooling 
     and facilities.
       (5) The Secretary has determined that each of the 
     conditions described in paragraphs (1) through (6) of 
     subsection (c) will be met by such contract and has provided 
     the basis for such determination to the congressional defense 
     committees.
       (6) The determination under paragraph (5) was made after 
     the completion of a cost analysis performed by the Director 
     of Cost Assessment and Program Evaluation for the purpose of 
     section 2334(e)(1) of title 10, United States Code, and the 
     analysis supports that determination.
       (e) Exception.--Notwithstanding subsection (d), the 
     Secretary of Defense may enter into a contract under 
     subsection (a) on or after March 1, 2018, if--
       (1) the Director of Cost Assessment and Program Evaluation 
     has not completed a cost analysis of the preliminary findings 
     made by the Secretary under subsection (c) with respect to 
     the contract;
       (2) the Secretary certifies to the congressional defense 
     committees, in writing, that each of the conditions described 
     in paragraphs (1) through (5) of subsection (d) is satisfied; 
     and
       (3) a period of 30 days has elapsed following the date on 
     which the Secretary submits the certification under paragraph 
     (2).

     SEC. 142. AUTHORITY FOR EXPLOSIVE ORDNANCE DISPOSAL UNITS TO 
                   ACQUIRE NEW OR EMERGING TECHNOLOGIES AND 
                   CAPABILITIES.

       The Secretary of Defense, after consultation with the head 
     of each military service, may provide to an explosive 
     ordnance disposal unit the authority to acquire new or 
     emerging technologies and capabilities that are not 
     specifically provided for in the authorized equipment 
     allowance for the unit, as such allowance is set forth in the 
     table of equipment and table of allowance for the unit.

     SEC. 143. REQUIREMENT THAT CERTAIN AIRCRAFT AND UNMANNED 
                   AERIAL VEHICLES USE SPECIFIED STANDARD DATA 
                   LINK.

       Section 157 of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
     Fiscal Year 2013 (Public Law 112-239; 126 Stat. 1667) is 
     amended--
       (1) by amending subsection (b) to read as follows:
       ``(b) Solicitations.--The Secretary of Defense shall--
       ``(1) ensure that any solicitation issued for a Common Data 
     Link described in subsection (a), regardless of whether the 
     solicitation is issued by a military department or a 
     contractor with respect to a subcontract--
       ``(A) conforms to a Department of Defense specification 
     standard, including interfaces and waveforms, existing as of 
     the date of the solicitation; and
       ``(B) does not include any proprietary or undocumented 
     waveforms or control interfaces or data interfaces as a 
     requirement or criterion for evaluation; and
       ``(2) notify the congressional defense committees not later 
     than 15 days after issuing a solicitation for a Common Data 
     Link to be sunset (CDL-TBS) waveform.''; and
       (2) in subsection (c), in the matter preceding paragraph 
     (1)--
       (A) by striking ``Under Secretary of Defense for 
     Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics'' and inserting 
     ``Deputy Secretary of Defense'';
       (B) by striking ``Under Secretary'' and inserting ``Deputy 
     Secretary of Defense''; and
       (C) by inserting ``before October 1, 2023'' after 
     ``committees''.

     SEC. 144. REINSTATEMENT OF REQUIREMENT TO PRESERVE CERTAIN C-
                   5 AIRCRAFT; MOBILITY CAPABILITY AND 
                   REQUIREMENTS STUDY.

       (a) Preservation of Retired Aircraft.--Section 141 of the 
     National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2013 
     (Public Law 112-239; 126 Stat. 1659), as amended by section 
     132 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 
     2017 (Public Law 114-328), is amended by inserting after 
     subsection (c) the following:
       ``(d) Preservation of Certain Retired C-5 Aircraft.--
       ``(1) In general.--The Secretary of the Air Force shall 
     preserve eight retired C-5 aircraft until the date that is 30 
     days after the date on which the briefing under section 
     144(b) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
     Year 2018 is provided to the congressional defense 
     committees.
       ``(2) Manner of preservation.--The retired C-5 aircraft 
     preserved under paragraph (1) shall be preserved such that 
     each aircraft--
       ``(A) can be returned to service; and
       ``(B) is not used to supply parts to other aircraft unless 
     specifically authorized by the Secretary of Defense upon a 
     request by the Secretary of the Air Force.''.
       (b) Study and Briefing.--
       (1) Study.--The Secretary of Defense shall carry out a 
     mobility capability and requirements study that estimates the 
     number or airlift aircraft, tanker aircraft, and sealift 
     ships needed to meet combatant commander requirements.
       (2) Briefing.--Not later than September 30, 2018, the 
     Secretary of Defense shall provide to the congressional 
     defense committees a briefing on the results of the study 
     carried out under paragraph (1). The briefing shall include--
       (A) a detailed explanation of the strategy and associated 
     force sizing and shaping constructs, associated scenarios, 
     and assumptions used to conduct the analysis;
       (B) estimated risk based on Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of 
     Staff risk management classifications; and
       (C) implications of operations in contested areas with 
     regard to the Civil Reserve Air Fleet.

         TITLE II--RESEARCH, DEVELOPMENT, TEST, AND EVALUATION

              Subtitle A--Authorization of Appropriations

Sec. 201. Authorization of appropriations.

    Subtitle B--Program Requirements, Restrictions, and Limitations

Sec. 211. Cost controls for presidential aircraft recapitalization 
              program.
Sec. 212. Capital investment authority.
Sec. 213. Prizes for advanced technology achievements.
Sec. 214. Joint Hypersonics Transition Office.
Sec. 215. Department of Defense directed energy weapon system 
              prototyping and demonstration program.
Sec. 216. Appropriate use of authority for prototype projects.
Sec. 217. Mechanisms for expedited access to technical talent and 
              expertise at academic institutions to support Department 
              of Defense missions.
Sec. 218. Modification of laboratory quality enhancement program.
Sec. 219. Reauthorization of Department of Defense Established Program 
              to Stimulate Competitive Research.
Sec. 220. Codification and enhancement of authorities to provide funds 
              for defense laboratories for research and development of 
              technologies for military missions.
Sec. 221. Expansion of definition of competitive procedures to include 
              competitive selection for award of science and technology 
              proposals.
Sec. 222. Inclusion of modeling and simulation in test and evaluation 
              activities for purposes of planning and budget 
              certification.
Sec. 223. Limitation on availability of funds for F-35 Joint Strike 
              Fighter Follow-On Modernization.
Sec. 224. Improvement of update process for populating mission data 
              files used in advanced combat aircraft.
Sec. 225. Support for national security innovation and entrepreneurial 
              education.
Sec. 226. Limitation on cancellation of designation Executive Agent for 
              a certain Defense Production Act program.

                 Subtitle C--Reports and Other Matters

Sec. 231. Columbia-class program accountability matrices.
Sec. 232. Review of barriers to innovation in research and engineering 
              activities of the Department of Defense.
Sec. 233. Pilot program to improve incentives for technology transfer 
              from Department of Defense laboratories.
Sec. 234. Competitive acquisition plan for low probability of detection 
              data link networks.
Sec. 235. Clarification of selection dates for pilot program for the 
              enhancement of the research, development, test, and 
              evaluation centers of the Department of Defense.
Sec. 236. Requirement for a plan to build a prototype for a new ground 
              combat vehicle for the Army.
Sec. 237. Plan for successfully fielding the Integrated Air and Missile 
              Defense Battle Command System.

              Subtitle A--Authorization of Appropriations

     SEC. 201. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

       Funds are hereby authorized to be appropriated for fiscal 
     year 2018 for the use of the Department of Defense for 
     research, development, test, and evaluation, as specified in 
     the funding table in section 4201.

    Subtitle B--Program Requirements, Restrictions, and Limitations

     SEC. 211. COST CONTROLS FOR PRESIDENTIAL AIRCRAFT 
                   RECAPITALIZATION PROGRAM.

       (a) Fixed Capability Requirements.--Except as provided in 
     subsection (b), the capability requirements for aircraft 
     procured under the presidential aircraft recapitalization 
     program of the Air Force (referred to in this section as the 
     ``PAR Program'') shall be the capability requirements 
     identified in version 7.0.2 of the system requirement 
     document for the PAR Program.
       (b) Adjustments.--The Chief of Staff of the Air Force may 
     adjust the capability requirements described in subsection 
     (a) only if the Chief of Staff submits to the congressional 
     defense committees a written determination that such 
     adjustment is necessary--
       (1) to resolve an ambiguity relating to the capability 
     requirement;
       (2) to address a problem with the administration of the 
     capability requirement;
       (3) to lower the development cost or life-cycle cost of the 
     PAR program;
       (4) to comply with a change in international, Federal, 
     State, or local law or regulation that takes effect after 
     September 30, 2017;
       (5) to address a safety issue; or
       (6) subject to subsection (c), to address an emerging 
     threat or vulnerability.
       (c) Limitation on Adjustment for Emerging Threat or 
     Vulnerability.--The Chief of Staff of the Air Force may use 
     the authority under paragraph (6) of subsection (b) to adjust 
     the requirements described in subsection (a) only if

[[Page H8716]]

     the Secretary and the Chief of Staff of the Air Force, on a 
     nondelegable basis--
       (1) jointly determine that such adjustment is necessary and 
     in the interests of the national security of the United 
     States; and
       (2) submit to the congressional defense committees notice 
     of such joint determination.
       (d) Analysis for Fixed-price Type Contracts.--The Secretary 
     of the Air Force shall work with the contractor and conduct 
     an analysis of risk and explore opportunities to enter into 
     additional fixed price type contracts for engineering and 
     manufacturing development beyond the procurement of the 
     unmodified commercial aircraft as described in paragraph (1).
       (e) Quarterly Briefings.--
       (1) In general.--Beginning not later than October 1, 2017, 
     and on a quarterly basis thereafter through October 1, 2022, 
     the Secretary of the Air Force shall provide to the 
     congressional defense committees a briefing on the efforts of 
     the Secretary to control costs under the PAR Program.
       (2) Elements.--Each briefing under paragraph (1) shall 
     include, with respect to the PAR Program, the following:
       (A) An overview of the program schedule.
       (B) A description of each contract awarded under the 
     program, including a description of the type of contract and 
     the status of the contract.
       (C) An assessment of the status of the program with respect 
     to--
       (i) modification;
       (ii) testing;
       (iii) delivery; and
       (iv) sustainment.
       (f) Service Acquisition Executive Defined.--In this 
     section, the term ``service acquisition executive'' has the 
     meaning given that term in section 101(a)(10) of title 10, 
     United States Code.

     SEC. 212. CAPITAL INVESTMENT AUTHORITY.

       Section 2208(k)(2) of title 10, United States Code, is 
     amended by striking ``$250,000'' and inserting ``$500,000 for 
     procurements by a major range and test facility installation 
     or a science and technology reinvention laboratory and not 
     less than $250,000 for procurements at all other 
     facilities''.

     SEC. 213. PRIZES FOR ADVANCED TECHNOLOGY ACHIEVEMENTS.

       Section 2374a of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
       (1) in subsection (a), by striking ``in recognition of'' 
     and inserting ``and other types of prizes that the Secretary 
     determines are appropriate to recognize'';
       (2) in subsection (c)--
       (A) in paragraph (1), by striking ``cash prize of'' and 
     inserting ``prize with a fair market value of'';
       (B) in paragraph (2), by striking ``Under Secretary of 
     Defense for Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics'' and 
     inserting ``Under Secretary of Defense for Research and 
     Engineering''; and
       (C) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
       ``(3) No prize competition may result in the award of a 
     solely nonmonetary prize with a fair market value of more 
     than $10,000 without the approval of the Under Secretary of 
     Defense for Research and Engineering.'';
       (3) in subsection (e)--
       (A) by inserting ``or nonmonetary items'' after ``accept 
     funds'';
       (B) by striking ``and from State and local governments'' 
     and inserting ``, from State and local governments, and from 
     the private sector''; and
       (C) by adding at the end the following: ``The Secretary may 
     not give any special consideration to any private sector 
     entity in return for a donation.''; and
       (4) by amending subsection (f) to read as follows:
       ``(f) Use of Prize Authority.--Use of prize authority under 
     this section shall be considered the use of competitive 
     procedures for the purposes of section 2304 of this title.''.

     SEC. 214. JOINT HYPERSONICS TRANSITION OFFICE.

       (a) Redesignation.--The joint technology office on 
     hypersonics in the Office of the Secretary of Defense is 
     redesignated as the ``Joint Hypersonics Transition Office''. 
     Any reference in a law (other than this section), map, 
     regulation, document, paper, or other record of the United 
     States to the joint technology office on hypersonics shall be 
     deemed to be a reference to the Joint Hypersonics Transition 
     Office.
       (b) Hypersonics Development.--Section 218 of the John 
     Warner National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 
     2007 (Public Law 109-364; 10 U.S.C. 2358 note), as amended by 
     section 1079(f) of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
     Fiscal Year 2016 (Public Law 114-92; 129 Stat. 999), is 
     amended--
       (1) in the heading of subsection (a), by striking ``Joint 
     Technology Office on Hypersonics'' and inserting ``Joint 
     Hypersonics Transition Office'';
       (2) in subsection (a)--
       (A) in the first sentence, by striking ``joint technology 
     office on hypersonics'' and inserting ``Joint Hypersonics 
     Transition Office (in this section referred to as the 
     `Office')''; and
       (B) in the second sentence, by striking ``office'' and 
     inserting ``Office'';
       (3) in subsection (b), by striking ``joint technology 
     office established under subsection (a)'' and inserting 
     ``Office''; and
       (4) by amending subsection (c) to read as follows:
       ``(c) Responsibilities.--In carrying out the program 
     required by subsection (b), the Office shall do the 
     following:
       ``(1) Expedite testing, evaluation, and acquisition of 
     hypersonic weapon systems to meet the stated needs of the 
     warfighter, including flight testing, ground-based-testing, 
     and underwater launch testing.
       ``(2) Coordinate and integrate current and future research, 
     development, test, and evaluation programs and system 
     demonstration programs of the Department of Defense on 
     hypersonics.
       ``(3) Undertake appropriate actions to ensure--
       ``(A) close and continuous integration of the programs on 
     hypersonics of the military departments and the Defense 
     Agencies with the programs on hypersonics across the Federal 
     Government and with appropriate private sector and foreign 
     organizations; and
       ``(B) that both foundational research and developmental and 
     operational testing resources are adequate and well funded, 
     and that facilities are made available in a timely manner to 
     support hypersonics research, demonstration programs, and 
     system development.
       ``(4) Approve prototyping demonstration programs on 
     hypersonic systems to speed the maturation and deployment of 
     the systems to the warfighter,.
       ``(5) Ensure that any demonstration program on hypersonic 
     systems that is carried out in any year after its approval 
     under paragraph (3) is carried out only if certified under 
     subsection (e) as being consistent with the roadmap under 
     subsection (d).
       ``(6) Develop strategies and roadmaps for hypersonic 
     technologies to transition to operational capabilities for 
     the warfighter.
       ``(7) Coordinate with relevant stakeholders and agencies to 
     support United States technological advantage in developing 
     hypersonics.'';
       (5) in subsection (d)(1), by striking ``joint technology 
     office established under subsection (a)'' and inserting 
     ``Office''; and
       (6) in subsection (e)--
       (A) in paragraph (1), by striking ``joint technology office 
     established under subsection (a)'' and inserting ``Office''; 
     and
       (B) in paragraph (2), by striking ``joint technology 
     office'' and inserting ``Office''.

     SEC. 215. DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE DIRECTED ENERGY WEAPON SYSTEM 
                   PROTOTYPING AND DEMONSTRATION PROGRAM.

       (a) Designation of Under Secretary of Defense for Research 
     and Engineering as the Official With Principal Responsibility 
     for Development and Demonstration of Directed Energy 
     Weapons.--Subsection (a)(1) of section 219 of the National 
     Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 
     114-328; 10 U.S.C. 2431 note) is amended by striking ``Not 
     later'' and all that follows through ``Department of 
     Defense'' and inserting ``The Under Secretary of Defense for 
     Research and Engineering shall serve''.
       (b) Prototyping and Demonstration Program.--Such section is 
     further amended by adding at the end the following new 
     subsection:
       ``(c) Prototyping and Demonstration Program.--
       ``(1) Establishment.--The Secretary of Defense, acting 
     through the Under Secretary, shall establish a program on the 
     prototyping and demonstration of directed energy weapon 
     systems to build and maintain the military superiority of the 
     United States by--
       ``(A) accelerating, when feasible, the fielding of directed 
     energy weapon prototypes that would help counter 
     technological advantages of potential adversaries of the 
     United States; and
       ``(B) supporting the military departments, the combatant 
     commanders, and other relevant defense agencies and entities 
     in developing prototypes and demonstrating operational 
     utility of high energy lasers and high powered microwave 
     weapon systems.
       ``(2) Guidelines.--(A) Not later than 180 days after the 
     date of the enactment of the National Defense Authorization 
     Act for Fiscal Year 2018, the Under Secretary shall issue 
     guidelines for the operation of the program established under 
     paragraph (1), including the following:
       ``(i) Criteria required for an application for funding by a 
     military department, defense agency or entity, or a combatant 
     command.
       ``(ii) The priorities, based on validated requirements or 
     capability gaps, for fielding prototype directed energy 
     weapon system technologies developed by research funding of 
     the Department or industry.
       ``(iii) Criteria for evaluation of an application for 
     funding or changes to policies or acquisition and business 
     practices by such a department, agency, or command for 
     purposes of improving the effectiveness and efficiency of the 
     program.
       ``(B) Funding for a military department, defense agency, or 
     combatant command under the program established under 
     paragraph (1) may only be available for advanced technology 
     development, prototyping, and demonstrations in which the 
     Department of Defense maintains management of the technical 
     baseline and a primary emphasis on technology transition and 
     evaluating military utility to enhance the likelihood that 
     the particular directed energy weapon system will meet the 
     Department end user's need.
       ``(3) Applications for funding.--(A) Not less frequently 
     than once each year, the Under Secretary shall solicit from 
     the heads of the military departments, the defense agencies, 
     and the combatant commands applications for funding under the 
     program established under paragraph (1) to be used to enter 
     into contracts, cooperative agreements, or other transaction 
     agreements entered into pursuant to section 2371b of title 
     10, United States Code, with appropriate entities for the 
     prototyping or commercialization of technologies.
       ``(B) Nothing in this section shall be construed to require 
     any official of the Department of Defense to provide funding 
     under the program to any congressional earmark as defined 
     pursuant to clause 9 of rule XXI of the Rules of the House of 
     Representatives or any congressionally directed spending item 
     as defined pursuant to paragraph 5 of rule XLIV of the 
     Standing Rules of the Senate.

[[Page H8717]]

       ``(4) Funding.--(A) Except as provided in subparagraph (B) 
     and subject to the availability of appropriations for such 
     purpose, of the funds authorized to be appropriated by the 
     National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2018 or 
     otherwise made available for fiscal year 2018 for research, 
     development, test, and evaluation, defense-wide, up to 
     $100,000,000 may be available to the Under Secretary to 
     allocate to the military departments, the defense agencies, 
     and the combatant commands to carry out the program 
     established under paragraph (1).
       ``(B) Not more than half of the amounts made available 
     under subparagraph (A) may be allocated as described in such 
     paragraph until the Under Secretary--
       ``(i) develops the strategic plan required by subsection 
     (a)(2)(A); and
       ``(ii) submits such strategic plan to the congressional 
     defense committees.
       ``(5) Under secretary defined.--In this subsection, the 
     term `Under Secretary' means the Under Secretary of Defense 
     for Research and Engineering in the Under Secretary's 
     capacity as the official with principal responsibility for 
     the development and demonstration of directed energy weapons 
     pursuant to subsection (a)(1).''.

     SEC. 216. APPROPRIATE USE OF AUTHORITY FOR PROTOTYPE 
                   PROJECTS.

       Section 2371b(d)(1)(A) of title 10, United States Code, is 
     amended by inserting ``or nonprofit research institution'' 
     after ``defense contractor''.

     SEC. 217. MECHANISMS FOR EXPEDITED ACCESS TO TECHNICAL TALENT 
                   AND EXPERTISE AT ACADEMIC INSTITUTIONS TO 
                   SUPPORT DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE MISSIONS.

       (a) Arrangements Authorized.--
       (1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense and each 
     secretary of a military department may establish one or more 
     multi-institution task order contracts, consortia, 
     cooperative agreements, or other arrangements to facilitate 
     expedited access to university technical expertise, including 
     faculty, staff, and students, in support of Department of 
     Defense missions in the areas specified in subsection (e).
       (2) Use for technical analyses and engineering support.--
     The Secretary may use an arrangement under paragraph (1) to 
     fund technical analyses and other engineering support as 
     required to address acquisition, management, and operational 
     challenges, including support for classified programs and 
     activities.
       (b) Limitation.--An arrangement established under 
     subsection (a)(1) may not be used to fund research programs 
     that can be executed through other Department of Defense 
     basic research activities.
       (c) Consultation With Other Department of Defense 
     Activities.--An arrangement established under subsection 
     (a)(1) shall, to the degree practicable, be made in 
     consultation with other Department of Defense activities, 
     including federally funded research and development centers 
     (FFRDCs), university affiliated research centers (UARCs), and 
     Defense laboratories and test centers, for purposes of 
     providing technical expertise and reducing costs and 
     duplicative efforts.
       (d) Policies and Procedures.--If the Secretary of Defense 
     or a secretary of a military department establishes one or 
     more arrangements under subsection (a)(1), the Secretary of 
     Defense shall establish and implement policies and procedures 
     to govern--
       (1) selection of participants in the arrangement or 
     arrangements;
       (2) the awarding of task orders under the arrangement or 
     arrangements;
       (3) maximum award size for tasks under the arrangement or 
     arrangements;
       (4) the appropriate use of competitive awards and sole 
     source awards under the arrangement or arrangements; and
       (5) technical areas under the arrangement or arrangements.
       (e) Mission Areas.--The areas specified in this subsection 
     are as follows:
       (1) Cybersecurity.
       (2) Air and ground vehicles.
       (3) Shipbuilding.
       (4) Explosives detection and defeat.
       (5) Undersea warfare.
       (6) Trusted electronics.
       (7) Unmanned systems.
       (8) Directed energy.
       (9) Energy, power, and propulsion.
       (10) Management science and operations research.
       (11) Artificial intelligence.
       (12) Data analytics.
       (13) Business systems.
       (14) Technology transfer and transition.
       (15) Biological engineering and genetic enhancement.
       (16) High performance computing.
       (17) Materials science and engineering.
       (18) Quantum information sciences.
       (19) Special operations activities.
       (20) Modeling and simulation.
       (21) Autonomous systems.
       (22) Model based engineering.
       (23) Such other areas as the Secretary considers 
     appropriate.
       (f) Sunset.--No new arrangements may be entered into under 
     subsection (a)(1) after September 30, 2020.
       (g) Arrangements Established Under Subsection (a)(1) 
     Defined.--In this section, the term ``arrangement established 
     under subsection (a)(1)'' means a multi-institution task 
     order contract, consortia, cooperative agreement, or other 
     arrangement established under subsection (a)(1).

     SEC. 218. MODIFICATION OF LABORATORY QUALITY ENHANCEMENT 
                   PROGRAM.

       (a) In General.--Section 211 of the National Defense 
     Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328) 
     is amended--
       (1) in subsection (a)(1)--
       (A) in subparagraph (A), by striking ``; and'' and 
     inserting a semicolon;
       (B) in subparagraph (B), by striking the semicolon and 
     inserting ``; and''; and
       (C) by adding at the end the following new subparagraph:
       ``(C) new interpretations of existing statutes and 
     regulations that would enhance the ability of a director of a 
     science and technology reinvention laboratory to manage the 
     facility and discharge the mission of the laboratory;'';
       (2) in subsection (d), by adding at the end the following 
     new paragraph:
       ``(3)(A) Each panel described in paragraph (1), (2), or (3) 
     of subsection (b) shall submit to the panel described in 
     paragraph (4) of such subsection (relating to governance and 
     oversight processes) the following:
       ``(i) The findings of the panel with respect to the review 
     conducted by the panel under subsection (a)(1)(C).
       ``(ii) The recommendations made by the panel under such 
     subsection.
       ``(iii) Such comments, findings, and recommendations as the 
     panel may have received by a science and technology 
     reinvention laboratory with respect to--
       ``(I) the review conducted by the panel under such 
     subsection; or
       ``(II) recommendations made by the panel under such 
     subsection.
       ``(B)(i) The panel described in subsection (b)(4) shall 
     review and refashion such recommendations as the panel may 
     receive under subparagraph (A).
       ``(ii) In reviewing and refashioning recommendations under 
     clause (i), the panel may, as the panel considers 
     appropriate, consult with the science and technology 
     executive of the affected service.
       ``(C) The panel described in subsection (b)(4) shall submit 
     to the Under Secretary of Defense for Research and 
     Engineering the recommendations made by the panel under 
     subsection (a)(1)(C) and the recommendations refashioned by 
     the panel under subparagraph (B) of this paragraph.'';
       (3) by redesignating subsections (e) and (f) as subsection 
     (f) and (g), respectively; and
       (4) by inserting after subsection (d) the following new 
     subsection (e):
       ``(e) Interpretation of Provisions of Law.--(1) The Under 
     Secretary of Defense for Research and Engineering, acting 
     under the guidance of the Secretary, shall issue regulations 
     regarding the meaning, scope, implementation, and 
     applicability of any provision of a statute relating to a 
     science and technology reinvention laboratory.
       ``(2) In interpreting or defining under paragraph (1), the 
     Under Secretary shall, to the degree practicable, emphasize 
     providing the maximum operational flexibility to the 
     directors of the science and technology reinvention 
     laboratories to discharge the missions of their laboratories.
       ``(3) In interpreting or defining under paragraph (1), the 
     Under Secretary shall, to the extent practicable, consult and 
     coordinate with the secretaries of the military departments 
     and such other agencies or entities as the Under Secretary 
     considers relevant, on any proposed revision to regulations 
     under paragraph (1).
       ``(4) In interpreting or defining under paragraph (1), the 
     Under Secretary shall seek recommendations from the panel 
     described in subsection (b)(4).''.
       (b) Technical Corrections.--(1) Subsections (a), (c)(1)(C), 
     and (d)(2) of such section are amended by striking 
     ``Assistant Secretary'' each place it appears and inserting 
     ``Under Secretary''.
       (2) Subparagraph (C) of section 342(b)(3) of the National 
     Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1995 (Public Law 
     103-337), as amended by section 211(f) of the National 
     Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 
     114-328), as redesignated by subsection (a)(3) of this 
     section, is amended by striking ``Assistant Secretary'' and 
     inserting ``Under Secretary''.

     SEC. 219. REAUTHORIZATION OF DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE 
                   ESTABLISHED PROGRAM TO STIMULATE COMPETITIVE 
                   RESEARCH.

       (a) Modification of Program Objectives.--Subsection (b) of 
     section 257 of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
     Fiscal Year 1995 (Public Law 103-337; 10 U.S.C. 2358 note) is 
     amended--
       (1) by redesignating paragraphs (1) and (2) as paragraphs 
     (2) and (3), respectively;
       (2) by inserting before paragraph (2), as redesignated by 
     paragraph (1), the following new paragraph (1):
       ``(1) To increase the number of university researchers in 
     eligible States capable of performing science and engineering 
     research responsive to the needs of the Department of 
     Defense.''; and
       (3) in paragraph (2), as redesignated by paragraph (1), by 
     inserting ``relevant to the mission of the Department of 
     Defense and'' after ``that is''.
       (b) Modification of Program Activities.--Subsection (c) of 
     such section is amended--
       (1) by redesignating paragraph (3) as paragraph (4); and
       (2) by inserting after paragraph (2) the following new 
     paragraph (3):
       ``(3) To provide assistance to science and engineering 
     researchers at institutions of higher education in eligible 
     States through collaboration between Department of Defense 
     laboratories and such researchers.''.
       (c) Modification of Eligibility Criteria for State 
     Participation.--Subsection (d) of such section is amended--
       (1) in paragraph (2)(B), by inserting ``in areas relevant 
     to the mission of the Department of Defense'' after 
     ``programs''; and
       (2) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
       ``(3) The Under Secretary shall not remove a designation of 
     a State under paragraph (2) because the State exceeds the 
     funding levels specified under subparagraph (A) of such 
     paragraph

[[Page H8718]]

     unless the State has exceeded such funding levels for at 
     least two consecutive years.''.
       (d) Modification of Coordination Requirement.--Subsection 
     (e) of such section is amended--
       (1) in paragraph (1), by striking ``shall'' each place it 
     appears and inserting ``may''; and
       (2) in paragraph (3), by inserting ``relevant to the 
     mission of the Department of Defense and'' after ``Research 
     are''.
       (e) Modification of Name.--
       (1) In general.--Such section is amended--
       (A) in subsections (a) and (e) by striking ``Experimental'' 
     each place it appears and inserting ``Established''; and
       (B) in the section heading, by striking ``experimental'' 
     and inserting ``established''.
       (2) Clerical amendment.--Such Act is amended, in the table 
     of contents in section 2(b), by striking the item relating to 
     section 257 and inserting the following new item:

``Sec. 257. Defense established program to stimulate competitive 
              research.''.
       (3) Conforming amendment.--Section 307 of the 1997 
     Emergency Supplemental Appropriations Act for Recovery from 
     Natural Disasters, and for Overseas Peacekeeping Efforts, 
     Including Those in Bosnia (Public Law 105-18) is amended by 
     striking ``Experimental'' and inserting ``Established''.

     SEC. 220. CODIFICATION AND ENHANCEMENT OF AUTHORITIES TO 
                   PROVIDE FUNDS FOR DEFENSE LABORATORIES FOR 
                   RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT OF TECHNOLOGIES FOR 
                   MILITARY MISSIONS.

       (a) In General.--Chapter 139 of title 10, United States 
     Code, is amended by inserting after section 2362 the 
     following new section:

     ``Sec. 2363. Mechanisms to provide funds for defense 
       laboratories for research and development of technologies 
       for military missions

       ``(a) Mechanisms to Provide Funds.--(1) The Secretary of 
     Defense, in consultation with the Secretaries of the military 
     departments, shall establish mechanisms under which the 
     director of a defense laboratory may use an amount of funds 
     equal to not less than two percent and not more than four 
     percent of all funds available to the defense laboratory for 
     the following purposes:
       ``(A) To fund innovative basic and applied research that is 
     conducted at the defense laboratory and supports military 
     missions.
       ``(B) To fund development programs that support the 
     transition of technologies developed by the defense 
     laboratory into operational use.
       ``(C) To fund workforce development activities that improve 
     the capacity of the defense laboratory to recruit and retain 
     personnel with necessary scientific and engineering expertise 
     that support military missions.
       ``(D) To fund the repair or minor military construction of 
     the laboratory infrastructure and equipment, in accordance 
     with subsection (b).
       ``(2) The mechanisms established under paragraph (1) shall 
     provide that funding shall be used under paragraph (1) at the 
     discretion of the director of a defense laboratory in 
     consultation with the science and technology executive of the 
     military department concerned.
       ``(3) The science and technology executive of a military 
     department may develop policies and guidance to leverage 
     funding and promote cross-laboratory collaboration, including 
     with laboratories of other military departments.
       ``(4) After consultation with the science and technology 
     executive of the military department concerned, the director 
     of a defense laboratory may charge customer activities a 
     fixed percentage fee, in addition to normal costs of 
     performance, in order to obtain funds to carry out activities 
     authorized by this subsection. The fixed fee may not exceed 
     four percent of costs.
       ``(b) Availability of Funds for Infrastructure Projects.--
     Funds shall be available in accordance with subsection 
     (a)(1)(D) only if--
       ``(1) the Secretary notifies the congressional defense 
     committees of the total cost of the project before the date 
     on which the Secretary uses the mechanism under such 
     subsection for such project; and
       ``(2) the Secretary ensures that the project complies with 
     the applicable cost limitations in--
       ``(A) section 2805(d) of this title, with respect to 
     revitalization and recapitalization projects; and
       ``(B) section 2811 of this title, with respect to repair 
     projects.
       ``(c) Annual Report on Use of Authority.--(1) Not later 
     than March 1 of each year until March 1, 2025, the Secretary 
     of Defense shall submit to the congressional defense 
     committees a report on the use of the authority under 
     subsection (a) during the preceding year.
       ``(2) Each report under paragraph (1) shall include, with 
     respect to the year covered by the report, the following:
       ``(A) A description of the mechanisms used to provide 
     funding under subsection (a)(1).
       ``(B) A statement of the amount of funding made available 
     to each defense laboratory for research described under such 
     subsection.
       ``(C) A description of the investments made by each defense 
     laboratory using funds under such subsection.
       ``(D) A description and assessment of any improvements in 
     the performance of the defense laboratories as a result of 
     investments under such subsection.
       ``(E) A description and assessment of the contributions to 
     the development of needed military capabilities provided by 
     research using funds under such subsection.
       ``(F) A description of any modification to the mechanisms 
     under subsection (a) that would improve the efficiency of the 
     authority under such subsection to support military 
     missions.''.
       (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the 
     beginning of chapter 139 of such title is amended by 
     inserting after the item relating to section 2362 the 
     following new item:

``2363. Mechanisms to provide funds for defense laboratories for 
              research and development of technologies for military 
              missions.''.
       (c) Conforming Amendments.--(1) Section 219 of the Duncan 
     Hunter National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 
     2009 (Public Law 110-417; 10 U.S.C. 2358 note), is hereby 
     repealed.
       (2) Section 2805(d)(1)(B) of title 10, United States Code, 
     is amended by striking ``under section 219(a) of the Duncan 
     Hunter National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 
     2009 (Public Law 110-417; 10 U.S.C. 2358 note)'' and 
     inserting ``section 2363(a) of this title''.

     SEC. 221. EXPANSION OF DEFINITION OF COMPETITIVE PROCEDURES 
                   TO INCLUDE COMPETITIVE SELECTION FOR AWARD OF 
                   SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY PROPOSALS.

       Section 2302(2)(B) of title 10, United States Code, is 
     amended by striking ``basic research'' and inserting 
     ``science and technology''.

     SEC. 222. INCLUSION OF MODELING AND SIMULATION IN TEST AND 
                   EVALUATION ACTIVITIES FOR PURPOSES OF PLANNING 
                   AND BUDGET CERTIFICATION.

       Section 196 of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
       (1) in subsection (d)(1), in the first sentence, by 
     inserting ``, including modeling and simulation 
     capabilities'' after ``and resources''; and
       (2) in subsection (e)(1), by inserting ``, including 
     modeling and simulation activities,'' after ``evaluation 
     activities''.

     SEC. 223. LIMITATION ON AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS FOR F-35 JOINT 
                   STRIKE FIGHTER FOLLOW-ON MODERNIZATION.

       (a) In General.--Not more than 25 percent of the funds 
     authorized to be appropriated by this Act or otherwise made 
     available for fiscal year 2018 or any other fiscal year for 
     the Department of Defense may be obligated for F-35 Joint 
     Strike Fighter Follow-On Modernization until the Secretary of 
     Defense provides the final report required under section 
     224(b) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
     Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328).
       (b) Dual Capable Aircraft.--Neither the limitation in 
     subsection (a) nor the limitation in section 224(a) of the 
     National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017 shall 
     be construed to limit or otherwise restrict any funding that 
     is required to develop, certify, or deliver F-35A dual 
     capable aircraft.

     SEC. 224. IMPROVEMENT OF UPDATE PROCESS FOR POPULATING 
                   MISSION DATA FILES USED IN ADVANCED COMBAT 
                   AIRCRAFT.

       (a) Improvements To Update Process.--
       (1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense shall take such 
     actions as may be necessary to improve the process used to 
     update the mission data files used in advanced combat 
     aircraft of the United States so that such updates can occur 
     more quickly.
       (2) Requirements.--In improving the process under paragraph 
     (1), the Secretary shall ensure the following:
       (A) That under such process, updates to the mission data 
     files are developed, operationally tested, and loaded onto 
     systems of advanced combat aircraft while in theaters of 
     operation in a time-sensitive manner to allow for the 
     distinguishing of threats, including distinguishing friends 
     from foes, loading and delivery of weapon suites, and 
     coordination with allied and coalition armed forces.
       (B) When updates are made to the mission data files, all 
     areas of responsibility (AoRs) are included.
       (C) The process includes best practices relating to such 
     mission data files that have been identified by industry and 
     allies of the United States.
       (D) The process improves the exchange of information 
     between weapons systems of the United States and weapon 
     systems of allies and partners of the United States, with 
     respect to such mission data files.
       (b) Consultation and Pilot Programs.--In carrying out 
     subsection (a), the Secretary shall consult the innovation 
     organizations resident in the Department of Defense and may 
     consider carrying out a pilot program under another provision 
     of this Act.
       (c) Report.--Not later than March 31, 2018, the Secretary 
     shall submit to the congressional defense committees a report 
     on the actions taken by the Secretary under subsection (a)(1) 
     and how the process described in such subsection has been 
     improved.

     SEC. 225. SUPPORT FOR NATIONAL SECURITY INNOVATION AND 
                   ENTREPRENEURIAL EDUCATION.

       (a) Support Authorized.--
       (1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense may, acting 
     through the Under Secretary of Defense for Research and 
     Engineering, support national security innovation and 
     entrepreneurial education programs.
       (2) Elements.--Support under paragraph (1) may include the 
     following:
       (A) Materials to recruit participants, including veterans, 
     for programs described in paragraph (1).
       (B) Model curriculum for such programs.
       (C) Training materials for such programs.
       (D) Best practices for the conduct of such programs.
       (E) Experimental learning opportunities for program 
     participants to interact with operational forces and better 
     understand national security challenges.
       (F) Exchanges and partnerships with Department of Defense 
     science and technology activities.
       (G) Activities consistent with the Proof of Concept 
     Commercialization Pilot Program established under section 
     1603 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
     Year 2014 (Public Law 113-66; 10 U.S.C. 2359 note).

[[Page H8719]]

       (b) Consultation.--In carrying out subsection (a), the 
     Secretary may consult with the heads of such Federal 
     agencies, universities, and public and private entities 
     engaged in the development of advanced technologies as the 
     Secretary determines to be appropriate.
       (c) Authorities.--The Secretary may--
       (1) develop and maintain metrics to assess national 
     security innovation and entrepreneurial education activities 
     to ensure standards for programs supported under subsection 
     (b) are consistent and being met; and
       (2) ensure that any recipient of an award under the Small 
     Business Technology Transfer program, the Small Business 
     Innovation Research program, and science and technology 
     programs of the Department of Defense has the option to 
     participate in training under a national security innovation 
     and entrepreneurial education program supported under 
     subsection (b).
       (d) Participation by Federal Employees and Members of the 
     Armed Forces.--The Secretary may encourage Federal employees 
     and members of the Armed Forces to participate in a national 
     security innovation and entrepreneurial education program 
     supported under subsection (a) in order to gain exposure to 
     modern innovation and entrepreneurial methodologies.
       (e) Coordination.--In carrying out this section, the 
     Secretary shall consider coordinating and partnering with 
     activities and organizations involved in the following:
       (1) Hack the Army.
       (2) Hack the Air Force.
       (3) Hack the Pentagon.
       (4) The Army Digital Service.
       (5) The Defense Digital Service.
       (6) The Air Force Digital Service.
       (7) Challenge and prize competitions of the Defense 
     Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA).
       (8) The Defense Science Study Group.
       (9) The Small Business Innovation Research Program (SBIR).
       (10) The Small Business Technology Transfer Program (STTR).
       (11) War colleges of the military departments.
       (12) Hacking for Defense.
       (13) The National Security Science and Engineering Faculty 
     Fellowship (NSSEFF) program.
       (14) The Science, Mathematics and Research for 
     Transformation (SMART) scholarship program.
       (15) The young faculty award program of the Defense 
     Advanced Research Projects Agency.

     SEC. 226. LIMITATION ON CANCELLATION OF DESIGNATION EXECUTIVE 
                   AGENT FOR A CERTAIN DEFENSE PRODUCTION ACT 
                   PROGRAM.

       (a) Limitation on Cancellation of Designation.--The 
     Secretary of Defense may not implement the decision, issued 
     on July 1, 2017, to cancel the designation, under Department 
     of Defense Directive 4400.1E, entitled ``Defense Production 
     Act Programs'' and dated October 12, 2001, of the currently 
     assigned Department of Defense Executive Agent for the 
     program carried out under title III of the Defense Production 
     Act of 1950 (50 U.S.C. 4531 et seq.) until the Secretary 
     has--
       (1) completed the review and assessment required by 
     subsection (b)(1); and
       (2) carried out the briefing required by subsection (c).
       (b) Review and Assessment Required.--
       (1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense, in consultation 
     with the Secretary of the Air Force, shall conduct a review 
     and assessment of the program described in subsection (a).
       (2) Elements.--The review and assessment required by 
     paragraph (1) shall include the following:
       (A) Assessment of the current management structure for the 
     program, including analysis of the mechanisms for 
     accountability, as well as cost and management controls 
     currently in place.
       (B) Analysis of alternatives for proposals to modify that 
     management structure to increase accountability, cost and 
     management controls. Such analysis of alternatives should 
     consider the relative merits of centralization and 
     decentralization, roles of other military departments in 
     program management and contracting, as well as the different 
     roles the Office of the Secretary of Defense might play in 
     management, oversight and execution.
       (C) Recommendations for improving the assessment and 
     selection of projects in order to--
       (i) ensure that projects selected are appropriate for use 
     of funds appropriated to carry out title III of the Defense 
     Production Act of 1950;
       (ii) ensure that sufficient vetting and management controls 
     are in place to ensure a reasonable degree of confidence that 
     project ideas or the companies being supported will be 
     viable; and
       (iii) increase overall successful execution for selected 
     projects.
       (D) Such other matters as the Secretary considers 
     appropriate.
       (c) Briefing Required.--The Secretary shall brief the 
     appropriate Committees of Congress on the findings of the 
     Secretary with respect to the review and assessment conducted 
     under subsection (b).
       (d) Notification Required.--In the event the Secretary of 
     Defense decides to cancel the designation, under Department 
     of Defense Directive 4400.1E, entitled ``Defense Production 
     Act Programs'' and dated October 12, 2001, of the currently 
     assigned Department of Defense Executive Agent for the 
     program described in subsection (a), the Secretary shall 
     submit to the appropriate committees of Congress a written 
     notification of such decision at least 60 days before the 
     decision goes into effect.
       (e) Appropriate Committees of Congress Defined.--In this 
     section, the term ``appropriate committees of Congress'' 
     means the--
       (1) the Committee on Armed Services and the Committee on 
     Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs of the Senate; and
       (2) the Committee on Armed Services and the Committee on 
     Financial Services of the House of Representatives.

                 Subtitle C--Reports and Other Matters

     SEC. 231. COLUMBIA-CLASS PROGRAM ACCOUNTABILITY MATRICES.

       (a) Submittal of Matrices.--Concurrent with the President's 
     annual budget request submitted to Congress under section 
     1105 of title 31, United States Code, for fiscal year 2019, 
     the Secretary of the Navy shall submit to the congressional 
     defense committees and the Comptroller General of the United 
     States the matrices described in subsection (b) relating to 
     the Columbia-class program.
       (b) Matrices Described.--The matrices described in this 
     subsection are the following:
       (1) Design and construction goals.--A matrix that 
     identifies, in six-month increments, key milestones, 
     development events, and specific performance goals for the 
     design and construction of the Columbia-class program, which 
     shall be subdivided, at a minimum, according to the 
     following:
       (A) Technology-readiness levels of major components and key 
     demonstration events.
       (B) Design maturity.
       (C) Manufacturing-readiness levels for critical 
     manufacturing operations and key demonstration events.
       (D) Manufacturing operations.
       (E) Reliability.
       (2) Cost.--A matrix expressing, in annual increments, the 
     total cost phased over the entire Columbia-class design and 
     construction period of--
       (A) the Navy service cost position for the prime 
     contractor's portion of Columbia-class design and 
     construction activities, including the estimated price at 
     completion for each submarine and confidence level of this 
     estimate;
       (B) the program manager's estimate for the prime 
     contractor's portion of Columbia-class design and 
     construction activities, including the estimated price and 
     variance at completion for each submarine; and
       (C) the prime contractor's estimate for the prime 
     contractor's portion of Columbia-class design and 
     construction activities, including the estimated price and 
     variance at completion for each submarine.
       (c) Update of Matrices.--
       (1) In general.--Not later than 180 days after the date on 
     which the Secretary of the Navy submits the matrices required 
     by subsection (a), and concurrent with the submittal of each 
     annual budget request to Congress under section 1105 of title 
     31, United States Code, beginning with the fiscal year 2020 
     request, the Secretary of the Navy shall submit to the 
     congressional defense committees and the Comptroller General 
     of the United States updates to the matrices described in 
     subsection (b).
       (2) Elements.--Each update submitted under paragraph (1) 
     shall detail progress made toward the goals identified in the 
     matrix described in subsection (b)(1) and provide updated 
     cost data as prescribed in subsection (b)(2).
       (3) Treatment of initial matrices as baseline.--The 
     matrices submitted pursuant to subsection (a) shall be 
     treated as the baseline for the full Columbia-class design 
     and construction period for purposes of the updates submitted 
     pursuant to paragraph (1) of this subsection.
       (4) Report termination.--The report required under 
     paragraph (1) shall terminate upon delivery of the first 
     Columbia-class submarine.
       (d) Assessment by Comptroller General of the United 
     States.--Not later than 90 days after the date on which the 
     Comptroller General of the United States receives an update 
     to a matrix under subsection (c)(1), the Comptroller General 
     shall review such matrix and provide to the congressional 
     defense committees an assessment of such matrix in whatever 
     form that the Comptroller General deems appropriate.
       (e) Repeal of Report Requirement.--Section 131 of the 
     National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2016 (129 
     Stat. 754; Public Law 114-92) is hereby repealed.
       (f) Major Component Defined.--In this section, the term 
     ``major component'' includes, at a minimum, the integrated 
     power system, nuclear reactor, propulsor and related 
     coordinated stern features, stern area system, and common 
     missile compartment.

     SEC. 232. REVIEW OF BARRIERS TO INNOVATION IN RESEARCH AND 
                   ENGINEERING ACTIVITIES OF THE DEPARTMENT OF 
                   DEFENSE.

       (a) Review.--The Secretary of Defense, acting through the 
     Under Secretary of Defense for Research and Engineering, 
     shall review directives, rules, regulations, and other 
     policies that adversely affect the ability of the innovation, 
     research, and engineering enterprise of the Department of 
     Defense to effectively and efficiently execute its missions, 
     including policies and practices concerning the following:
       (1) Personnel and talent management.
       (2) Financial management and budgeting.
       (3) Infrastructure, installations, and military 
     construction.
       (4) Acquisition.
       (5) Management.
       (6) Such other areas as the Secretary may designate.
       (b) Report.--Not later than one year after the date of the 
     enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall submit to the 
     congressional defense committees a report on--
       (1) the findings of the Secretary with respect to the 
     review conducted under subsection (a);
       (2) proposed changes in directives, rules, regulations, and 
     other policies that will enhance the ability of the 
     innovation, research, and engineering enterprise of the 
     Department to executive its designated missions, including a 
     description of how proposed changes have been coordinated 
     with other appropriate Secretaries of the

[[Page H8720]]

     military departments and the appropriate heads of the defense 
     agencies; and
       (3) processes by which new directives, rules, regulations, 
     and other policies will be reviewed for their potential to 
     adversely affect the ability of the innovation, research, and 
     engineering enterprise of the Department and the lead 
     official designated to execute such review in consultation 
     with other relevant and appropriate Secretaries of the 
     military departments and heads of defense agencies.

     SEC. 233. PILOT PROGRAM TO IMPROVE INCENTIVES FOR TECHNOLOGY 
                   TRANSFER FROM DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE 
                   LABORATORIES.

       (a) In General.--The Secretary of Defense shall establish a 
     pilot program to assess the feasibility and advisability of 
     distributing royalties and other payments as described in 
     this section. Under the pilot program, except as provided in 
     subsections (b) and (d), any royalties or other payments 
     received by a Federal agency from the licensing and 
     assignment of inventions under agreements entered into by 
     Department of Defense laboratories, and from the licensing of 
     inventions of Department of Defense laboratories, shall be 
     retained by the laboratory which produced the invention and 
     shall be disposed of as follows:
       (1)(A) The laboratory director shall pay each year the 
     first $2,000, and thereafter at least 20 percent, of the 
     royalties or other payments, other than payments of patent 
     costs as delineated by a license or assignment agreement, to 
     the inventor or coinventors, if the inventor's or 
     coinventor's rights are directly assigned to the United 
     States.
       (B) A laboratory director may provide appropriate 
     incentives, from royalties or other payments, to laboratory 
     employees who are not an inventor of such inventions but who 
     substantially increased the technical value of the 
     inventions.
       (C) The laboratory shall retain the royalties and other 
     payments received from an invention until the laboratory 
     makes payments to employees of a laboratory under 
     subparagraph (A) or (B).
       (2) The balance of the royalties or other payments shall be 
     transferred by the agency to its laboratories, with the 
     majority share of the royalties or other payments from any 
     invention going to the laboratory where the invention 
     occurred. The royalties or other payments so transferred to 
     any laboratory may be used or obligated by that laboratory 
     during the fiscal year in which they are received or during 
     the 2 succeeding fiscal years--
       (A) to reward scientific, engineering, and technical 
     employees of the laboratory, including developers of 
     sensitive or classified technology, regardless of whether the 
     technology has commercial applications;
       (B) to further scientific exchange among the laboratories 
     of the agency;
       (C) for education and training of employees consistent with 
     the research and development missions and objectives of the 
     agency or laboratory, and for other activities that increase 
     the potential for transfer of the technology of the 
     laboratories of the agency;
       (D) for payment of expenses incidental to the 
     administration and licensing of intellectual property by the 
     agency or laboratory with respect to inventions made at that 
     laboratory, including the fees or other costs for the 
     services of other agencies, persons, or organizations for 
     intellectual property management and licensing services; or
       (E) for scientific research and development consistent with 
     the research and development missions and objectives of the 
     laboratory.
       (3) All royalties or other payments retained by the 
     laboratory after payments have been made pursuant to 
     paragraphs (1) and (2) that are unobligated and unexpended at 
     the end of the second fiscal year succeeding the fiscal year 
     in which the royalties and other payments were received shall 
     be paid into the Treasury of the United States.
       (b) Treatment of Payments to Employees.--
       (1) In general.--Any payment made to an employee under the 
     pilot program shall be in addition to the regular pay of the 
     employee and to any other awards made to the employee, and 
     shall not affect the entitlement of the employee to any 
     regular pay, annuity, or award to which the employee is 
     otherwise entitled or for which the employee is otherwise 
     eligible or limit the amount thereof. Any payment made to an 
     inventor as such shall continue after the inventor leaves the 
     laboratory.
       (2) Cumulative payments.--(A) Cumulative payments made 
     under the pilot program while the inventor is still employed 
     at the laboratory shall not exceed $500,000 per year to any 
     one person, unless the Secretary concerned (as defined in 
     section 101(a) of title 10, United States Code) approves a 
     larger award.
       (B) Cumulative payments made under the pilot program after 
     the inventor leaves the laboratory shall not exceed $150,000 
     per year to any one person, unless the head of the agency 
     approves a larger award (with the excess over $150,000 being 
     treated as an agency award to a former employee under section 
     4505 of title 5, United States Code).
       (c) Invention Management Services.--Under the pilot 
     program, a laboratory receiving royalties or other payments 
     as a result of invention management services performed for 
     another Federal agency or laboratory under section 207 of 
     title 35, United States Code, may retain such royalties or 
     payments to the extent required to offset payments to 
     inventors under subparagraph (A) of subsection (a)(1), costs 
     and expenses incurred under subparagraph (D) of subsection 
     (a)(2), and the cost of foreign patenting and maintenance for 
     any invention of the other agency. All royalties and other 
     payments remaining after offsetting the payments to 
     inventors, costs, and expenses described in the preceding 
     sentence shall be transferred to the agency for which the 
     services were performed, for distribution in accordance with 
     subsection (a)(2).
       (d) Certain Assignments.--Under the pilot program, if the 
     invention involved was one assigned to the laboratory--
       (1) by a contractor, grantee, or participant, or an 
     employee of a contractor, grantee, or participant, in an 
     agreement or other arrangement with the agency; or
       (2) by an employee of the agency who was not working in the 
     laboratory at the time the invention was made,
     the agency unit that was involved in such assignment shall be 
     considered to be a laboratory for purposes of this section.
       (e) Sunset.--The pilot program under this section shall 
     terminate 5 years after the date of the enactment of this 
     Act.

     SEC. 234. COMPETITIVE ACQUISITION PLAN FOR LOW PROBABILITY OF 
                   DETECTION DATA LINK NETWORKS.

       (a) Plan Required.--The Under Secretary of Defense for 
     Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics and the Vice Chairman 
     of the Joint Chiefs of Staff shall jointly, in consultation 
     with the Secretary of the Navy and the Secretary of the Air 
     Force, develop a plan to procure a secure, low probability of 
     detection data link network capability with the ability to 
     effectively operate in hostile jamming environments while 
     preserving the low observable characteristics of the relevant 
     platforms, between existing and planned--
       (1) fifth-generation combat aircraft;
       (2) fifth-generation and fourth-generation combat aircraft;
       (3) fifth-generation and fourth-generation combat aircraft 
     and appropriate support aircraft and other network nodes for 
     command, control, communications, intelligence, surveillance, 
     and reconnaissance purposes; and
       (4) fifth-generation and fourth-generation combat aircraft 
     and their associated network-enabled precision weapons.
       (b) Additional Plan Requirements.--The plan required by 
     subsection (a) shall include--
       (1) nonproprietary and open systems approaches compatible 
     with the Rapid Capabilities Office Open Mission Systems 
     initiative of the Air Force and the Future Airborne 
     Capability Environment initiative of the Navy;
       (2) a competitive acquisition process, to include 
     comparative flight demonstrations in realistic airborne 
     environments; and
       (3) low risk and affordable solutions with minimal impact 
     or changes to existing host platforms, and minimal overall 
     integration costs.
       (c) Briefing.--Not later than February 15, 2018, the Under 
     Secretary and the Vice Chairman shall provide to the 
     congressional defense committees a potential acquisition 
     strategy and briefing on the plan developed under subsection 
     (a).
       (d) Limitation.--Of the funds authorized to be appropriated 
     by this Act or otherwise made available for fiscal year 2018 
     for operations and maintenance for the Office of the 
     Secretary of the Air Force and the Office of the Secretary of 
     the Navy, not more than 85 percent may be obligated or 
     expended until a period of 15 days has elapsed following the 
     date on which the Under Secretary and Vice Chairman submits 
     to the congressional defense committees the plan required by 
     subsection (a).

     SEC. 235. CLARIFICATION OF SELECTION DATES FOR PILOT PROGRAM 
                   FOR THE ENHANCEMENT OF THE RESEARCH, 
                   DEVELOPMENT, TEST, AND EVALUATION CENTERS OF 
                   THE DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE.

       Section 233 of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
     Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328) is amended--
       (1) in subsection (b)(2), by striking ``the enactment of 
     this Act'' both places it appears and inserting ``such 
     submittal''; and
       (2) in subsection (c)(1), by striking ``propose and 
     implement'' and inserting ``submit to the Assistant Secretary 
     concerned a proposal on, and implement,''.

     SEC. 236. REQUIREMENT FOR A PLAN TO BUILD A PROTOTYPE FOR A 
                   NEW GROUND COMBAT VEHICLE FOR THE ARMY.

       (a) In General.--Not later than February 1, 2018, the 
     Secretary of the Army shall submit to the congressional 
     defense committees a plan to build a prototype for a new 
     ground combat vehicle for the Army.
       (b) Contents.--The plan required by subsection (a) shall 
     include the following:
       (1) A description of how the Secretary intends to exploit 
     the latest enabling component technologies that have the 
     potential to dramatically change basic combat vehicle design 
     and improve lethality, protection, mobility, range, and 
     sustainment, including an analysis of capabilities of the 
     most advanced foreign ground combat vehicles and whether any 
     have characteristics that should inform the development of 
     the Army's prototype vehicle, including whether any United 
     States allies or partners have advanced capabilities that 
     could be directly incorporated in the prototype.
       (2) The schedule, cost, key milestones, and leadership plan 
     to rapidly design and build the prototype ground combat 
     vehicle.

     SEC. 237. PLAN FOR SUCCESSFULLY FIELDING THE INTEGRATED AIR 
                   AND MISSILE DEFENSE BATTLE COMMAND SYSTEM.

       (a) Plan Required.--Not later than February 1, 2018, the 
     Secretary of the Army shall submit to the congressional 
     defense committees a plan to successfully field a suitable, 
     survivable, and effective Integrated Air and Missile Defense 
     Battle Command System program.
       (b) Limitation.--Not more than 50 percent of the funds 
     authorized to be appropriated by this Act for research, 
     development, test, and evaluation may be obligated by the 
     Secretary of the

[[Page H8721]]

     Army for the Army Integrated Air and Missile Defense and the 
     Integrated Air and Missile Defense Battle Command System 
     until the date on which the plan is submitted under 
     subsection (a).

                  TITLE III--OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE

              Subtitle A--Authorization of Appropriations

Sec. 301. Authorization of appropriations.

                   Subtitle B--Energy and Environment

Sec. 311. Military Aviation and Installation Assurance Siting 
              Clearinghouse.
Sec. 312. Energy performance goals and master plan.
Sec. 313. Payment to Environmental Protection Agency of stipulated 
              penalty in connection with Umatilla Chemical Depot, 
              Oregon.
Sec. 314. Payment to Environmental Protection Agency of stipulated 
              penalty in connection with Longhorn Army Ammunition 
              Plant, Texas.
Sec. 315. Department of the Army cleanup and removal of petroleum, oil, 
              and lubricant associated with the Prinz Eugen.
Sec. 316. Centers for Disease Control study on health implications of 
              per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances contamination in 
              drinking water.
Sec. 317. Sentinel Landscapes Partnership.
Sec. 318. Report on release of radium or radioactive material into the 
              groundwater near the industrial reserve plant in 
              Bethpage, New York.

                 Subtitle C--Logistics and Sustainment

Sec. 321. Reauthorization of multi-trades demonstration project.
Sec. 322. Increased percentage of sustainment funds authorized for 
              realignment to restoration and modernization at each 
              installation.
Sec. 323. Guidance regarding use of organic industrial base.

                          Subtitle D--Reports

Sec. 331. Quarterly reports on personnel and unit readiness.
Sec. 332. Biennial report on core depot-level maintenance and repair 
              capability.
Sec. 333. Annual report on personnel, training, and equipment needs of 
              non-federalized National Guard.
Sec. 334. Annual report on military working dogs used by the Department 
              of Defense.
Sec. 335. Report on effects of climate change on Department of Defense.
Sec. 336. Report on optimization of training in and management of 
              special use airspace.
Sec. 337. Plan for modernized, dedicated Department of the Navy 
              adversary air training enterprise.
Sec. 338. Updated guidance regarding biennial core report.

                       Subtitle E--Other Matters

Sec. 341. Explosive safety board.
Sec. 342. Servicewomen's commemorative partnerships.
Sec. 343. Limitation on availability of funds for advanced skills 
              management software system of the Navy.
Sec. 344. Cost-benefit analysis of uniform specifications for Afghan 
              military or security forces.
Sec. 345. Temporary installation reutilization authority for arsenals, 
              depots, and plants.
Sec. 346. Comprehensive plan for sharing depot-level maintenance best 
              practices.
Sec. 347. Pilot program for operation and maintenance budget 
              presentation.
Sec. 348. Repurposing and reuse of surplus Army firearms.
Sec. 349. Department of the Navy marksmanship awards.
Sec. 350. Civilian training for National Guard pilots and sensor 
              operator aircrews of MQ-9 unmanned aerial vehicles.
Sec. 351. Training for National Guard personnel on wildfire response.
Sec. 352. Modification of the Second Division Memorial.

              Subtitle A--Authorization of Appropriations

     SEC. 301. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

       Funds are hereby authorized to be appropriated for fiscal 
     year 2018 for the use of the Armed Forces and other 
     activities and agencies of the Department of Defense for 
     expenses, not otherwise provided for, for operation and 
     maintenance, as specified in the funding table in section 
     4301.

                   Subtitle B--Energy and Environment

     SEC. 311. MILITARY AVIATION AND INSTALLATION ASSURANCE SITING 
                   CLEARINGHOUSE.

       (a) Codification.--Chapter 7 of title 10, United States 
     Code, is amended by inserting after section 183 the following 
     new section:

     ``Sec. 183a. Military Aviation and Installation Assurance 
       Clearinghouse for review of mission obstructions

       ``(a) Establishment.--(1) The Secretary of Defense shall 
     establish a Military Aviation and Installation Assurance 
     Siting Clearinghouse (in this section referred to as the 
     `Clearinghouse').
       ``(2) The Clearinghouse shall be--
       ``(A) organized under the authority, direction, and control 
     of an Assistant Secretary of Defense designated by the 
     Secretary; and
       ``(B) assigned such personnel and resources as the 
     Secretary considers appropriate to carry out this section.
       ``(b) Functions.--(1) The Clearinghouse shall coordinate 
     Department of Defense review of applications for energy 
     projects filed with the Secretary of Transportation pursuant 
     to section 44718 of title 49 and received by the Department 
     of Defense from the Secretary of Transportation. In 
     performing such coordination, the Clearinghouse shall provide 
     procedures to ensure affected local military installations 
     are consulted.
       ``(2) The Clearinghouse shall accelerate the development of 
     planning tools necessary to determine the acceptability to 
     the Department of Defense of proposals included in an 
     application for an energy project submitted pursuant to such 
     section.
       ``(3) The Clearinghouse shall perform such other functions 
     as the Secretary of Defense assigns.
       ``(c) Review of Proposed Actions.--(1) Not later than 60 
     days after receiving from the Secretary of Transportation a 
     proper application for an energy project under section 44718 
     of title 49 that may have an adverse impact on military 
     operations and readiness, the Clearinghouse shall conduct a 
     preliminary review of such application. The review shall--
       ``(A) assess the likely scope, duration, and level of risk 
     of any adverse impact of such energy project on military 
     operations and readiness; and
       ``(B) identify any feasible and affordable actions that 
     could be taken by the Department, the developer of such 
     energy project, or others to mitigate the adverse impact and 
     to minimize risks to national security while allowing the 
     energy project to proceed with development.
       ``(2) If the Clearinghouse finds under paragraph (1) that 
     an energy project will have an adverse impact on military 
     operations and readiness, the Clearinghouse shall issue to 
     the applicant a notice of presumed risk that describes the 
     concerns identified by the Department in the preliminary 
     review and requests a discussion of possible mitigation 
     actions.
       ``(3) At the same time that the Clearinghouse issues to the 
     applicant a notice of presumed risk under paragraph (2), the 
     Clearinghouse shall provide the same notice to the governor 
     of the State in which the project is located and request that 
     the governor provide the Clearinghouse any comments the 
     governor believes of relevance to the application. The 
     Secretary of Defense shall consider the comments of the 
     governor in the Secretary's evaluation of whether the project 
     presents an unacceptable risk to the national security of the 
     United States and shall include the comments with the finding 
     provided to the Secretary of Transportation pursuant to 
     section 44718(f) of title 49.
       ``(4) The Clearinghouse shall develop, in coordination with 
     other departments and agencies of the Federal Government, an 
     integrated review process to ensure timely notification and 
     consideration of energy projects filed with the Secretary of 
     Transportation pursuant to section 44718 of title 49 that may 
     have an adverse impact on military operations and readiness.
       ``(5) The Clearinghouse shall establish procedures for the 
     Department of Defense for the coordinated consideration of 
     and response to a request for a review received from another 
     Federal agency, a State government, an Indian tribal 
     government, a local government, a landowner, or the developer 
     of an energy project, including guidance to personnel at each 
     military installation in the United States on how to initiate 
     such procedures and ensure a coordinated Department response.
       ``(6) The Clearinghouse shall develop procedures for 
     conducting early outreach to parties carrying out energy 
     projects that could have an adverse impact on military 
     operations and readiness and to clearly communicate to such 
     parties actions being taken by the Department of Defense 
     under this section. The procedures shall provide for filing 
     by such parties of a project area and preliminary project 
     layout at least one year before expected construction of any 
     project proposed within a military training route or within 
     line-of-sight of any air route surveillance radar or airport 
     surveillance radar operated or used by the Department of 
     Defense in order to provide adequate time for analysis and 
     negotiation of mitigation options. Material marked as 
     proprietary or competition sensitive by a party filing for 
     this preliminary review shall be protected from public 
     release by the Department of Defense.
       ``(d) Comprehensive Review.--(1) The Secretary of Defense 
     shall develop a comprehensive strategy for addressing the 
     impacts upon the military of projects filed with the 
     Secretary of Transportation pursuant to section 44718 of 
     title 49.
       ``(2) In developing the strategy required by paragraph (1), 
     the Secretary shall--
       ``(A) assess the magnitude of interference posed by 
     projects filed with the Secretary of Transportation pursuant 
     to section 44718 of title 49;
       ``(B) solely for the purpose of informing preliminary 
     reviews under subsection (c)(1) and early outreach efforts 
     under subsection (c)(5), identify distinct geographic areas 
     selected as proposed locations for projects filed, or for 
     projects that are reasonably expected to be filed in the near 
     future, with the Secretary of Transportation pursuant to 
     section 44718 of title 49 where the Secretary of Defense can 
     demonstrate such projects could have an adverse impact on 
     military operations and readiness, including military 
     training routes, and categorize the risk of adverse impact in 
     such areas;
       ``(C) develop procedures for the initial identification of 
     such geographic areas identified under subparagraph (B), to 
     include a process to provide notice and seek public comment 
     prior to making a final designation of the geographic areas, 
     including maps of the area and the basis for identification;
       ``(D) develop procedures to periodically review and modify, 
     consistent with the notice and public comment process under 
     subparagraph (C), geographic areas identified under 
     subparagraph

[[Page H8722]]

     (B) and to solicit and identify additional geographic areas 
     as appropriate;
       ``(E) at the conclusion of the notice and public comment 
     period conducted under subparagraph (C), make a final finding 
     on the designation of a geographic area of concern or 
     delegate the authority to make such finding to a Deputy 
     Secretary of Defense, an Under Secretary of Defense, or a 
     Principal Deputy Under Secretary of Defense; and
       ``(F) specifically identify feasible and affordable long-
     term actions that may be taken to mitigate adverse impacts of 
     projects filed, or which may be filed in the future, with the 
     Secretary of Transportation pursuant to section 44718 of 
     title 49, on military operations and readiness, including--
       ``(i) investment priorities of the Department of Defense 
     with respect to research and development;
       ``(ii) modifications to military operations to accommodate 
     applications for such projects;
       ``(iii) recommended upgrades or modifications to existing 
     systems or procedures by the Department of Defense;
       ``(iv) acquisition of new systems by the Department and 
     other departments and agencies of the Federal Government and 
     timelines for fielding such new systems; and
       ``(v) modifications to the projects for which such 
     applications are filed with the Secretary of Transportation 
     pursuant to section 44718 of title 49, including changes in 
     size, location, or technology.
       ``(3) The Clearinghouse shall make access to data 
     reflecting geographic areas identified under subparagraph (B) 
     of paragraph (2) and reviewed and modified under subparagraph 
     (C) of such paragraph available online.
       ``(e) Department of Defense Finding of Unacceptable Risk.--
     (1) The Secretary of Defense may not object to an energy 
     project filed with the Secretary of Transportation pursuant 
     to section 44718 of title 49, except in a case in which the 
     Secretary of Defense determines, after giving full 
     consideration to mitigation actions identified pursuant to 
     this section, that such project, in isolation or cumulatively 
     with other projects, would result in an unacceptable risk to 
     the national security of the United States. The Secretary of 
     Defense's finding of unacceptable risk to national security 
     shall be transmitted to the Secretary of Transportation for 
     inclusion in the report required under section 44718(b)(2) of 
     title 49.
       ``(2)(A) Not later than 30 days after making a finding of 
     unacceptable risk under paragraph (1), the Secretary of 
     Defense shall submit to the congressional defense committees, 
     the Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation of the 
     Senate, and the Committee on Transportation and 
     Infrastructure of the House of Representatives a report on 
     such finding and the basis for such finding. Such report 
     shall include an explanation of the operational impact that 
     led to the finding, a discussion of the mitigation options 
     considered, and an explanation of why the mitigation options 
     were not feasible or did not resolve the conflict. The report 
     may include a classified annex. Unclassified reports shall 
     also be provided to the project proponent. The Secretary of 
     Defense may provide public notice through the Federal 
     Register of the finding.
       ``(B) The Secretary of Defense shall notify the appropriate 
     State agency of a finding made under paragraph (1).
       ``(3) The Secretary of Defense may only delegate the 
     responsibility for making a finding of unacceptable risk 
     under paragraph (1) to the Deputy Secretary of Defense, an 
     under secretary of defense, or a deputy under secretary of 
     defense.
       ``(4) The Clearinghouse shall develop procedures for making 
     a finding of unacceptable risk, including with respect to how 
     to implement cumulative effects analysis. Such procedures 
     shall be subject to public comment prior to finalization.
       ``(f) Authority to Accept Contributions of Funds.--The 
     Secretary of Defense is authorized to request and accept a 
     voluntary contribution of funds from an applicant for a 
     project filed with the Secretary of Transportation pursuant 
     to section 44718 of title 49. Amounts so accepted shall 
     remain available until expended for the purpose of offsetting 
     the cost of measures undertaken by the Secretary of Defense 
     to mitigate adverse impacts of such a project on military 
     operations and readiness or to conduct studies of potential 
     measures to mitigate such impacts.
       ``(g) Effect of Department of Defense Hazard Assessment.--
     An action taken pursuant to this section shall not be 
     considered to be a substitute for any assessment or 
     determination required of the Secretary of Transportation 
     under section 44718 of title 49.
       ``(h) Definitions.--In this section:
       ``(1) The term `adverse impact on military operations and 
     readiness' means any adverse impact upon military operations 
     and readiness, including flight operations, research, 
     development, testing, and evaluation, and training, that is 
     demonstrable and is likely to impair or degrade the ability 
     of the armed forces to perform their warfighting missions.
       ``(2) The term `energy project' means a project that 
     provides for the generation or transmission of electrical 
     energy.
       ``(3) The term `landowner' means a person that owns a fee 
     interest in real property on which a proposed energy project 
     is planned to be located.
       ``(4) The term `military installation' has the meaning 
     given that term in section 2801(c)(4) of this title.
       ``(5) The term `military readiness' includes any training 
     or operation that could be related to combat readiness, 
     including testing and evaluation activities.
       ``(6) The term `military training route' means a training 
     route developed as part of the Military Training Route 
     Program, carried out jointly by the Federal Aviation 
     Administration and the Secretary of Defense, for use by the 
     armed forces for the purpose of conducting low-altitude, 
     high-speed military training.
       ``(7) The term `unacceptable risk to the national security 
     of the United States' means the construction, alteration, 
     establishment, or expansion, or the proposed construction, 
     alteration, establishment, or expansion, of a structure or 
     sanitary landfill, that the Secretary of Defense can 
     demonstrate would--
       ``(A) endanger safety in air commerce directly related to 
     the activities of the Department of Defense;
       ``(B) interfere with the efficient use of the navigable 
     airspace directly related to the activities of the Department 
     of Defense; or
       ``(C) significantly impair or degrade the capability of the 
     Department of Defense to conduct training, research, 
     development, testing, and evaluation, and operations or to 
     maintain military readiness.''.
       (b) Conforming and Clerical Amendments.--
       (1) Repeal of existing provision.--Section 358 of the Ike 
     Skelton National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 
     2011 (49 U.S.C. 44718 note) is repealed.
       (2) Cross-reference in title 49, united states code.--
     Section 44718(f) of title 49, United States Code, is amended 
     by inserting ``and in accordance with section 183a(e) of 
     title 10'' after ``conducted under subsection (b)''.
       (3) Reference to definitions.--Section 44718(g) of title 
     49, United States Code, is amended by striking ``211.3 of 
     title 32, Code of Federal Regulations, as in effect on 
     January 6, 2014'' both places it appears and inserting 
     ``183a(g) of title 10''.
       (4) Table of sections amendment.--The table of sections at 
     the beginning of chapter 7 of title 10 is amended by 
     inserting after the item relating to section 183 the 
     following new item:

``183a. Military Aviation and Installation Assurance Siting 
              Clearinghouse for review of mission obstructions.''.
       (c) Applicability of Existing Rules and Regulations.--
     Notwithstanding the amendments made by subsection (a), any 
     rule or regulation promulgated to carry out section 358 of 
     the Ike Skelton National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
     Year 2011 (49 U.S.C. 44718 note), that is in effect on the 
     day before the date of the enactment of this Act shall 
     continue in effect and apply to the extent such rule or 
     regulation is consistent with the authority under section 
     183a of title 10, United States Code, as added by subsection 
     (a), until such rule or regulation is otherwise amended or 
     repealed.
       (d) Deadline for Initial Identification of Geographic 
     Areas.--The initial identification of geographic areas under 
     section 183a(d)(2)(B) of title 10, United States Code, as 
     added by subsection (a), shall be completed not later than 
     180 days after the date of the enactment of this Act.
       (e) Conforming Amendment Regarding Critical Military-use 
     Airspace Areas.--Section 44718 of title 49, United States 
     Code, as amended by subsection (b)(3), is further amended--
       (1) by redesignating subsection (g) as subsection (h); and
       (2) by inserting after subsection (f) the following new 
     subsection:
       ``(g) Special Rule for Identified Geographic Areas.--In the 
     case of a proposed structure to be located within a 
     geographic area identified under section 183a(d)(2)(B) of 
     title 10, the Secretary of Transportation may not issue a 
     determination pursuant to this section until the Secretary of 
     Defense issues a finding under section 183a(e) of title 10, 
     the Secretary of Defense advises the Secretary of 
     Transportation that no finding under section 183a(e) of title 
     10 will be forthcoming, or 180 days have lapsed since the 
     project was filed with the Secretary of Transportation 
     pursuant to this section, whichever occurs first.''.

     SEC. 312. ENERGY PERFORMANCE GOALS AND MASTER PLAN.

       Section 2911(c) of title 10, United States Code, is 
     amended--
       (1) in paragraph (1), by inserting before the period at the 
     end the following: ``, the future demand for energy, and the 
     requirements for the use of energy'';
       (2) in paragraph (2), by striking ``reduce the future 
     demand and the requirements for the use of energy'' and 
     inserting ``enhance energy resilience to ensure the 
     Department of Defense has the ability to prepare for and 
     recover from energy disruptions that affect mission assurance 
     on military installations''; and
       (3) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
       ``(13) Opportunities to leverage financing provided by a 
     non-Department entity to address installation energy 
     needs.''.

     SEC. 313. PAYMENT TO ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY OF 
                   STIPULATED PENALTY IN CONNECTION WITH UMATILLA 
                   CHEMICAL DEPOT, OREGON.

       (a) Authority to Transfer Funds.--
       (1) Transfer amount.--The Secretary of the Army may 
     transfer an amount of not more than $125,000 to the Hazardous 
     Substance Superfund established under subchapter A of chapter 
     98 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986. Any such transfer 
     shall be made without regard to section 2215 of title 10, 
     United States Code.
       (2) Source of funds.--Any transfer under subsection (a) 
     shall be made using funds authorized to be appropriated by 
     this Act or otherwise made available for fiscal year 2018 for 
     Base Realignment and Closure, Army.
       (b) Purpose of Transfer.--A transfer under subsection (a) 
     shall be for the purpose of satisfying a stipulated penalty 
     assessed by the Environmental Protection Agency in the 
     settlement agreement approved by the Army on July 14,

[[Page H8723]]

     2016, against the Umatilla Chemical Depot, Oregon under the 
     Federal Facility Agreement between the Army and the 
     Environmental Protection Agency dated September 19, 1989.
       (c) Acceptance of Payment.--If the Secretary of the Army 
     makes a transfer under subsection (a), the Administrator of 
     the Environmental Protection Agency shall accept the amount 
     transferred as payment in full of the penalty referred to in 
     subsection (b).

     SEC. 314. PAYMENT TO ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY OF 
                   STIPULATED PENALTY IN CONNECTION WITH LONGHORN 
                   ARMY AMMUNITION PLANT, TEXAS.

       (a) Authority to Transfer Funds.--
       (1) Transfer amount.--The Secretary of the Army may 
     transfer an amount of not more than $1,185,000 to the 
     Hazardous Substance Superfund established under subchapter A 
     of chapter 98 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986. Any such 
     transfer shall be made without regard to section 2215 of 
     title 10, United States Code.
       (2) Source of funds.--Any transfer under subsection (a) 
     shall be made using funds authorized to be appropriated by 
     this Act or otherwise made available for fiscal year 2018 for 
     Environmental Restoration, Army.
       (b) Purpose of Transfer.--A transfer under subsection (a) 
     shall be for the purpose of satisfying a stipulated penalty 
     assessed by the Environmental Protection Agency on April 5, 
     2013, against Longhorn Army Ammunition Plant, Texas, under 
     the Federal Facility Agreement for Longhorn Army Ammunition 
     Plant, which was entered into between the Army and the 
     Environmental Protection Agency in 1991.
       (c) Acceptance of Payment.--If the Secretary of the Army 
     makes a transfer under subsection (a), the Administrator of 
     the Environmental Protection Agency shall accept the amount 
     transferred as payment in full of the penalty referred to in 
     subsection (b).

     SEC. 315. DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY CLEANUP AND REMOVAL OF 
                   PETROLEUM, OIL, AND LUBRICANT ASSOCIATED WITH 
                   THE PRINZ EUGEN.

       (a) Authority.--Amounts authorized to be appropriated for 
     the Department of the Army may by used for all necessary 
     expenses for the removal and cleanup of petroleum, oil, and 
     lubricants associated with the heavy cruiser Prinz Eugen, 
     which was transferred from the United States to the Republic 
     of the Marshall Islands in 1986.
       (b) Certification.--If the Secretary of the Army does not 
     use the authority provided by subsection (a), the Secretary 
     shall submit a certification to the congressional defense 
     committees not later than September 30, 2018, that the 
     petroleum, oil, and lubricants associated with the heavy 
     cruiser Prinz Eugen do not adversely impact safety or 
     military operations.

     SEC. 316. CENTERS FOR DISEASE CONTROL STUDY ON HEALTH 
                   IMPLICATIONS OF PER- AND POLYFLUOROALKYL 
                   SUBSTANCES CONTAMINATION IN DRINKING WATER.

       (a) Study on Human Health Implications.--
       (1) In general.--The Secretary of Health and Human 
     Services, acting through the Centers for Disease Control and 
     Prevention and the Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease 
     Registry, and, as appropriate, the National Institute of 
     Environmental Health Sciences, and in consultation with the 
     Department of Defense, shall--
       (A) commence a study on the human health implications of 
     per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS) contamination in 
     drinking water, ground water, and any other sources of water 
     and relevant exposure pathways, including the cumulative 
     human health implications of multiple types of PFAS 
     contamination at levels above and below health advisory 
     levels;
       (B) not later than 5 years after the date of enactment of 
     this Act (or 7 years after such date of enactment after 
     providing notice to the appropriate congressional committees 
     of the need for the delay)--
       (i) complete such study and make any appropriate 
     recommendations; and
       (ii) submit a report to the appropriate congressional 
     committees on the results of such study; and
       (C) not later than one year after the date of the enactment 
     of this Act, and annually thereafter until submission of the 
     report under subparagraph (B)(ii), submit to the appropriate 
     congressional committees a report on the progress of the 
     study.
       (2) Funding.--Of the amounts authorized to be appropriated 
     by this Act for the Department of Defense, $7,000,000 shall 
     be available to carry out the study under this subsection.
       (3) Appropriate congressional committees defined.--In this 
     subsection, the term ``appropriate congressional committees'' 
     means--
       (A) the congressional defense committees;
       (B) the Committee on Heath, Education, Labor, and Pensions, 
     the Committee on Environment and Public Works, and the 
     Committee on Veterans' Affairs of the Senate; and
       (C) the Committee on Energy and Commerce and the Committee 
     on Veterans' Affairs of the House of Representatives.
       (b) Exposure Assessment.--
       (1) In general.--The Secretary of Health and Human 
     Services, acting through the Centers for Disease Control and 
     Prevention and the Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease 
     Registry, and, as appropriate, the National Institute of 
     Environmental Health Sciences, and in consultation with the 
     Department of Defense, shall conduct an exposure assessment 
     of no less than 8 current or former domestic military 
     installations known to have PFAS contamination in drinking 
     water, ground water, and any other sources of water and 
     relevant exposure pathways.
       (2) Contents.--The exposure assessment required under this 
     subsection shall--
       (A) include--
       (i) for each military installation covered under the 
     exposure assessment, a statistical sample to be determined by 
     the Secretary of Health and Human Services in consultation 
     with the relevant State health departments; and
       (ii) bio-monitoring for assessing the contamination 
     described in paragraph (1); and
       (B) produce findings, which shall be--
       (i) used to help design the study described in subsection 
     (a)(1)(A); and
       (ii) released to the appropriate congressional committees 
     not later than 1 year after the conclusion of such exposure 
     assessment.
       (3) Timing.--The exposure assessment required under this 
     subsection shall--
       (A) begin not later than 180 days after the date of 
     enactment of this Act; and
       (B) conclude not later than 2 years after such date of 
     enactment.
       (c) Coordination With Other Agencies.--The Agency for Toxic 
     Substance and Disease Registry may, as necessary, use staff 
     and other resources from other Federal agencies in carrying 
     out the study under subsection (a) and the assessment under 
     subsection (b).
       (d) No Effect on Regulatory Process.--The study and 
     assessment conducted under this section shall not interfere 
     with any regulatory processes of the Environmental Protection 
     Agency, including determinations of maximum contaminant 
     levels.

     SEC. 317. SENTINEL LANDSCAPES PARTNERSHIP.

       (a) Establishment.--The Secretary of Defense, in 
     coordination with the Secretary of Agriculture and the 
     Secretary of the Interior, may establish and carry out a 
     program to preserve sentinel landscapes. The program shall be 
     known as the ``Sentinel Landscapes Partnership''.
       (b) Designation of Sentinel Landscapes.--The Secretary of 
     Defense, the Secretary of Agriculture, and the Secretary of 
     the Interior, may, as the Secretaries determine appropriate, 
     collectively designate one or more sentinel landscapes.
       (c) Coordination of Activities.--The Secretaries may 
     coordinate actions between their departments and with other 
     agencies and private organizations to more efficiently work 
     together for the mutual benefit of conservation, working 
     lands, and national defense, and to encourage private 
     landowners to engage in voluntary land management and 
     conservation activities that contribute to the sustainment of 
     military installations, ranges, and airspace.
       (d) Priority Consideration.--The Secretary of Agriculture 
     and the Secretary of the Interior may give to any eligible 
     landowner or agricultural producer within a designated 
     sentinel landscape priority consideration for participation 
     in any easement, grant, or assistance programs administered 
     by that Secretary's department. Participation in any such 
     program pursuant to this section shall be voluntary.
       (e) Definitions.--In this section:
       (1) Military installation.--The term ``military 
     installation'' has the same meaning as provided in section 
     670(1) of title 16, United States Code.
       (2) State-owned national guard installation.--The term 
     ``State-owned National Guard installation'' has the same 
     meaning as provided in section 670(3) of title 16, United 
     States Code.
       (3) Sentinel landscape.--The term ``sentinel landscape'' 
     means a landscape-scale area encompassing--
       (A) one or more military installations or state-owned 
     National Guard installations and associated airspace; and
       (B) the working or natural lands that serve to protect and 
     support the rural economy, the natural environment, outdoor 
     recreation, and the national defense test and training 
     missions of the military- or State-owned National Guard 
     installation or installations.
       (f) Conforming Amendment.--Section 312(b) of the National 
     Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2014 (Public Law 
     113-66; 127 Stat. 729; 10 U.S.C. 2684a note) is repealed.

     SEC. 318. REPORT ON RELEASE OF RADIUM OR RADIOACTIVE MATERIAL 
                   INTO THE GROUNDWATER NEAR THE INDUSTRIAL 
                   RESERVE PLANT IN BETHPAGE, NEW YORK.

       Not later than 120 days after the date of the enactment of 
     this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to Congress 
     an addendum to the report submitted to Congress in June 2017 
     entitled ``2017 Annual Report For Groundwater Impacts at 
     Naval Weapons Industrial Reserve Plant Bethpage, New York'' 
     that would detail any releases by the Department of Defense 
     of radium or radioactive material into the groundwater within 
     a 75-mile radius of the industrial reserve plant in Bethpage, 
     New York.

                 Subtitle C--Logistics and Sustainment

     SEC. 321. REAUTHORIZATION OF MULTI-TRADES DEMONSTRATION 
                   PROJECT.

       Section 338 of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
     Fiscal Year 2004 (Public Law 108-136; 10 U.S.C. 5013 note), 
     as most recently amended by section 321 of the National 
     Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2013 (Public Law 
     112-239; 126 Stat. 1694) is amended--
       (1) in subsection (d), by striking ``2018'' and inserting 
     ``2023''; and
       (2) in subsection (e), by striking ``2019'' and inserting 
     ``2024''.

     SEC. 322. INCREASED PERCENTAGE OF SUSTAINMENT FUNDS 
                   AUTHORIZED FOR REALIGNMENT TO RESTORATION AND 
                   MODERNIZATION AT EACH INSTALLATION.

       (a) In General.--The Secretary of Defense may authorize an 
     installation commander to realign up to 7.5 percent of an 
     installation's sustainment funds to restoration and 
     modernization.
       (b) Sunset.--The authority under subsection (a) shall 
     expire at the close of September 30, 2022.
       (c) Definitions.--The terms ``sustainment'', 
     ``restoration'', and ``modernization'' have the meanings 
     given the terms in the Department of Defense Financial 
     Management Regulation.

[[Page H8724]]

  


     SEC. 323. GUIDANCE REGARDING USE OF ORGANIC INDUSTRIAL BASE.

       Not later than 90 days after the date of the enactment of 
     this Act, the Secretary of the Army shall establish clear and 
     prescriptive guidance on the process for conducting make-or-
     buy analyses for Army requirements, including the use of the 
     organic industrial base.

                          Subtitle D--Reports

     SEC. 331. QUARTERLY REPORTS ON PERSONNEL AND UNIT READINESS.

       (a) Modification and Improvement.--Section 482 of title 10, 
     United States Code, is amended--
       (1) in subsection (a)--
       (A) by striking ``Each report'' and inserting ``The reports 
     for the first and third quarters of a calendar year''; and
       (B) by adding at the end the following new sentence: ``The 
     reports for the second and fourth quarters of a calendar year 
     shall contain the information required by subsection (j).'';
       (2) in subsection (b)--
       (A) in the subsection heading, by striking ``and Remedial 
     Actions'';
       (B) in the matter preceding paragraph (1), by striking 
     ``Each report'' and inserting ``A report for the second or 
     fourth quarter of a calendar year'';
       (C) in paragraph (1), by inserting ``and'' after the 
     semicolon;
       (D) by striking paragraph (2); and
       (E) by redesignating paragraph (3) as paragraph (2);
       (3) in subsection (d)(1), by striking ``Each report'' and 
     inserting ``A report for the second or fourth quarter of a 
     calendar year'';
       (4) in subsection (e), by striking ``Each report'' and 
     inserting ``A report for the second or fourth quarter of a 
     calendar year'';
       (5) in subsection (f)(1), by striking ``Each report'' and 
     inserting ``A report for the second or fourth quarter of a 
     calendar year'';
       (6) in subsection (g)(1), by striking ``Each report'' and 
     inserting ``A report for the second or fourth quarter of a 
     calendar year''; and
       (7) by adding at the end the following new subsection:
       ``(j) Remedial Actions.--A report for the first or third 
     quarter of a calendar year shall include--
       ``(1) a description of the mitigation plans of the 
     Secretary to address readiness shortfalls and operational 
     deficiencies identified in the report submitted for the 
     preceding calendar quarter; and
       ``(2) for each such shortfall or deficiency, a timeline for 
     resolution, the cost necessary for such resolution, the 
     mitigation strategy the Department will employ until the 
     resolution is in place, and any legislative remedies 
     required.''.
       (b) Conforming Amendments.--Section 117 of title 10, United 
     States Code, is amended--
       (1) in subsection (d)--
       (A) in the subsection heading, by striking ``Quarterly''and 
     inserting ``Semi-annual''; and
       (B) in paragraph (1)(A), by striking ``quarterly'' and 
     inserting ``semi-annual''; and
       (2) in subsection (e), by striking ``each quarter'' and 
     inserting ``semi-annually''.

     SEC. 332. BIENNIAL REPORT ON CORE DEPOT-LEVEL MAINTENANCE AND 
                   REPAIR CAPABILITY.

       Section 2464(d) of title 10, United States Code, is amended 
     by adding at the end the following new paragraphs:
       ``(4) Any workload shortfalls at any work breakdown 
     structure category designated as a lower-level category 
     pursuant to Department of Defense Instruction 4151.20, or any 
     successor instruction.
       ``(5) A description of any workload executed at a category 
     designated as a first-level category pursuant to such 
     Instruction, or any successor instruction, that could be used 
     to mitigate shortfalls in similar categories.
       ``(6) A description of any progress made on implementing 
     mitigation plans developed pursuant to paragraph (3).
       ``(7) A description of core capability requirements and 
     corresponding workloads at the first level category.
       ``(8) In the case of any shortfall that is identified, a 
     description of the shortfall and an identification of the 
     subcategory of the work breakdown structure in which the 
     shortfall occurred.
       ``(9) In the case of any work breakdown structure category 
     designated as a special interest item or other pursuant to 
     such Instruction, or any successor instruction, an 
     explanation for such designation.
       ``(10) Whether the core depot-level maintenance and repair 
     capability requirements described in the report submitted 
     under this subsection for the preceding fiscal year have been 
     executed.''.

     SEC. 333. ANNUAL REPORT ON PERSONNEL, TRAINING, AND EQUIPMENT 
                   NEEDS OF NON-FEDERALIZED NATIONAL GUARD.

       (a) Annual Report Required.--Section 10504 of title 10, 
     United States Code, as amended by section 1051, is further 
     amended--
       (1) in subsection (a)--
       (A) in the subsection heading, by striking ``Report'' and 
     inserting ``Report on State of the National Guard''; and
       (B) by striking ``The report'' and inserting the following:
       ``(2) The annual report required by paragraph (1)''; and
       (2) by adding at the end the following new subsection:
       ``(b) Annual Report on Non-federalized Service National 
     Guard Personnel, Training, and Equipment Requirements.--(1) 
     Not later than January 31 of each of calendar years 2018 
     through 2020, the Chief of the National Guard Bureau, in 
     coordination with the Secretary of Defense, shall submit to 
     the recipients described in paragraph (3) a report that 
     identifies the personnel, training, and equipment required by 
     the non-Federalized National Guard--
       ``(A) to support civilian authorities in connection with 
     natural and man-made disasters during the covered period; and
       ``(B) to carry out prevention, protection, mitigation, 
     response, and recovery activities relating to such disasters 
     during the covered period.
       ``(2) In preparing each report under paragraph (1), the 
     Chief of the National Guard Bureau shall--
       ``(A) consult with the chief executive of each State, the 
     Council of Governors, and other appropriate civilian 
     authorities;
       ``(B) collect and validate information from each State 
     relating to the personnel, training, and equipment 
     requirements described in paragraph (1);
       ``(C) set forth separately the personnel, training, and 
     equipment requirements for--
       ``(i) each of the emergency support functions of the 
     National Response Framework; and
       ``(ii) each of the Federal Emergency Management Agency 
     regions;
       ``(D) assess core civilian capability gaps relating to 
     natural and man-made disasters, as identified by States in 
     submissions to the Department of Homeland Security;
       ``(E) take into account threat and hazard identifications 
     and risk assessments of the Department of Defense, the 
     Department of Homeland Security, and the States; and
       ``(F) assess the budgets of each State to support the 
     personnel, training, and equipment requirements of the non-
     Federalized National Guard.
       ``(3) The annual report required by paragraph (1) shall be 
     submitted to the following officials:
       ``(A) The congressional defense committees, the Committee 
     on Homeland Security of the House of Representatives, and the 
     Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs of 
     the Senate.
       ``(B) The Secretary of Defense.
       ``(C) The Secretary of Homeland Security.
       ``(D) The Council of Governors.
       ``(E) The Secretary of the Army.
       ``(F) The Secretary of the Air Force.
       ``(G) The Commander of the United States Northern Command.
       ``(H) The Commander of the United States Pacific Command.
       ``(I) The Commander of the United States Cyber Command.
       ``(4) In this subsection, the term `covered period' means 
     the fiscal year beginning after the date on which a report is 
     submitted under paragraph (1).''.
       (b) Clerical Amendments.--
       (1) Section heading.--The heading of such section is 
     amended to read as follows:

     ``Sec. 10504. Chief of National Guard Bureau: annual 
       reports''.

       (2) Table of contents.--The table of sections at the 
     beginning of chapter 1011 of title 10, United States Code, is 
     amended by striking the item relating to section 10504 and 
     inserting the following:

``10504. Chief of National Guard Bureau: annual reports.''.

     SEC. 334. ANNUAL REPORT ON MILITARY WORKING DOGS USED BY THE 
                   DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE.

       (a) Capacity.--The Secretary of Defense, acting through the 
     Executive Agent for Military Working Dogs (hereinafter in 
     this section referred to as the ``Executive Agent''), shall--
       (1) identify the number of military working dogs required 
     to fulfill the various missions of the Department of Defense 
     for which such dogs are used, including force protection, 
     facility and check point security, and explosives and drug 
     detection;
       (2) take such steps as are practicable to ensure an 
     adequate number of military working dog teams are available 
     to meet and sustain the mission requirements identified in 
     paragraph (1);
       (3) ensure that the Department's needs and performance 
     standards with respect to military working dogs are readily 
     available to dog breeders and trainers; and
       (4) coordinate with other Federal, State, and local 
     agencies, nonprofit organizations, universities, and private 
     sector entities, as appropriate, to increase the training 
     capacity for military working dog teams.
       (b) Military Working Dog Procurement.--The Secretary, 
     acting through the Executive Agent, shall work to ensure that 
     military working dogs are procured as efficiently as possible 
     and at the best value to the Government, while maintaining 
     the necessary level of quality and encouraging increased 
     domestic breeding.
       (c) Annual Report.--Not later than 90 days after the date 
     of the enactment of this Act, and annually thereafter until 
     September 30, 2021, the Secretary, acting through the 
     Executive Agent, shall submit to the congressional defense 
     committees a report on the procurement and retirement of 
     military working dogs for the fiscal year preceding the 
     fiscal year during which the report is submitted. Each report 
     under this subsection shall include the following for the 
     fiscal year covered by the report:
       (1) The number of military working dogs procured, by 
     source, by each military department or Defense Agency.
       (2) The cost of procuring military working dogs incurred by 
     each military department or Defense Agency.
       (3) The number of domestically-bred and sourced military 
     working dogs procured by each military department or Defense 
     Agency, including a list of vendors, their location, cost, 
     and the quantity of dogs procured from each vendor.
       (4) The number of non-domestically-bred military working 
     dogs procured from non-domestic sources by each military 
     department or Defense Agency, including a list of vendors, 
     their location, cost, and the quantity of dogs procured from 
     each vendor.

[[Page H8725]]

       (5) The cost of procuring pre-trained and green dogs for 
     force protection, facility and checkpoint security, and 
     improvised explosive device, other explosives, and drug 
     detection.
       (6) An analysis of the procurement practices of each 
     military department or Defense Agency that limit market 
     access for domestic canine vendors and breeders.
       (7) The total cost of procuring domestically-bred military 
     working dogs versus the total cost of procuring dogs from 
     non-domestic sources.
       (8) The total number of domestically-bred dogs and the 
     number of dogs from foreign sources procured by each military 
     department or Defense Agency and the number and percentage of 
     those dogs that are ultimately deployed for their intended 
     use.
       (9) An explanation for any significant difference in the 
     cost of procuring military working dogs from different 
     sources.
       (10) An estimate of the number of military working dogs 
     expected to retire annually and an identification of the 
     primary cause of the retirement of such dogs.
       (11) An identification of the final disposition of military 
     working dogs no longer in service.
       (d) Military Working Dog Defined.--For purposes of this 
     section, the term ``military working dog'' means a dog used 
     in any official military capacity, as defined by the 
     Secretary of Defense.

     SEC. 335. REPORT ON EFFECTS OF CLIMATE CHANGE ON DEPARTMENT 
                   OF DEFENSE.

       (a) Findings.--Congress makes the following findings:
       (1) Secretary of Defense James Mattis has stated: ``It is 
     appropriate for the Combatant Commands to incorporate drivers 
     of instability that impact the security environment in their 
     areas into their planning.''.
       (2) Secretary of Defense James Mattis has stated: ``I agree 
     that the effects of a changing climate -- such as increased 
     maritime access to the Arctic, rising sea levels, 
     desertification, among others -- impact our security 
     situation.''.
       (3) Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff Joseph Dunford 
     has stated: ``It's a question, once again, of being forward 
     deployed, forward engaged, and be in a position to respond to 
     the kinds of natural disasters that I think we see as a 
     second or third order effect of climate change.''.
       (4) Former Secretary of Defense Robert Gates has stated: 
     ``Over the next 20 years and more, certain pressures-
     population, energy, climate, economic, environmental-could 
     combine with rapid cultural, social, and technological change 
     to produce new sources of deprivation, rage, and 
     instability.''.
       (5) Former Chief of Staff of the U.S. Army Gordon Sullivan 
     has stated: ``Climate change is a national security issue. We 
     found that climate instability will lead to instability in 
     geopolitics and impact American military operations around 
     the world.''.
       (6) The Office of the Director of National Intelligence 
     (ODNI) has stated: ``Many countries will encounter climate-
     induced disruptions--such as weather-related disasters, 
     drought, famine, or damage to infrastructure--that stress 
     their capacity to respond, cope with, or adapt. Climate-
     related impacts will also contribute to increased migration, 
     which can be particularly disruptive if, for example, demand 
     for food and shelter outstrips the resources available to 
     assist those in need.''.
       (7) The Government Accountability Office (GAO) has stated: 
     ``DOD links changes in precipitation patterns with potential 
     climate change impacts such as changes in the number of 
     consecutive days of high or low precipitation as well as 
     increases in the extent and duration of droughts, with an 
     associated increase in the risk of wildfire. . . this may 
     result in mission vulnerabilities such as reduced live-fire 
     training due to drought and increased wildfire risk.''.
       (8) A three-foot rise in sea levels will threaten the 
     operations of more than 128 United States military sites, and 
     it is possible that many of these at-risk bases could be 
     submerged in the coming years.
       (9) As global temperatures rise, droughts and famines can 
     lead to more failed states, which are breeding grounds of 
     extremist and terrorist organizations.
       (10) In the Marshall Islands, an Air Force radar 
     installation built on an atoll at a cost of $1,000,000,000 is 
     projected to be underwater within two decades.
       (11) In the western United States, drought has amplified 
     the threat of wildfires, and floods have damaged roads, 
     runways, and buildings on military bases.
       (12) In the Arctic, the combination of melting sea ice, 
     thawing permafrost, and sea-level rise is eroding shorelines, 
     which is damaging radar and communication installations, 
     runways, seawalls, and training areas.
       (13) In the Yukon Training Area, units conducting artillery 
     training accidentally started a wildfire despite observing 
     the necessary practices during red flag warning conditions.
       (b) Sense of Congress.--It is the sense of Congress that--
       (1) climate change is a direct threat to the national 
     security of the United States and is impacting stability in 
     areas of the world both where the United States Armed Forces 
     are operating today, and where strategic implications for 
     future conflict exist;
       (2) there are complexities in quantifying the cost of 
     climate change on mission resiliency, but the Department of 
     Defense must ensure that it is prepared to conduct operations 
     both today and in the future and that it is prepared to 
     address the effects of a changing climate on threat 
     assessments, resources, and readiness; and
       (3) military installations must be able to effectively 
     prepare to mitigate climate damage in their master planning 
     and infrastructure planning and design, so that they might 
     best consider the weather and natural resources most 
     pertinent to them.
       (c) Report.--
       (1) Report required.--Not later than one year after the 
     date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense 
     shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the 
     Senate and the House of Representatives a report on 
     vulnerabilities to military installations and combatant 
     commander requirements resulting from climate change over the 
     next 20 years.
       (2) Elements.--The report on vulnerabilities to military 
     installations and combatant commander requirements required 
     by paragraph (1) shall include the following:
       (A) A list of the ten most vulnerable military 
     installations within each service based on the effects of 
     rising sea tides, increased flooding, drought, 
     desertification, wildfires, thawing permafrost, and any other 
     categories the Secretary determines necessary.
       (B) An overview of mitigations that may be necessary to 
     ensure the continued operational viability and to increase 
     the resiliency of the identified vulnerable military 
     installations and the cost of such mitigations.
       (C) A discussion of the climate-change related effects on 
     the Department, including the increase in the frequency of 
     humanitarian assistance and disaster relief missions and the 
     theater campaign plans, contingency plans, and global posture 
     of the combatant commanders.
       (D) An overview of mitigations that may be necessary to 
     ensure mission resiliency and the cost of such mitigations.
       (3) Form.--The report required under paragraph (1) shall be 
     submitted in unclassified form, but may contain a classified 
     annex.

     SEC. 336. REPORT ON OPTIMIZATION OF TRAINING IN AND 
                   MANAGEMENT OF SPECIAL USE AIRSPACE.

       (a) In General.--Not later than 120 days after the date of 
     the enactment of this Act, the Director of the Bases, Ranges, 
     and Airspace Directorate of the Air Force and the 
     Administrator of the Federal Aviation Administration shall 
     submit to Congress a report on optimization of training in 
     and management of special use airspace that includes the 
     following:
       (1) Best practices for the management of special use 
     airspace, including practices that--
       (A) result in cost savings relating to training;
       (B) increase training opportunities for airmen;
       (C) increase joint use of such airspace;
       (D) improve coordination with respect to such airspace 
     with--
       (i) the Federal Aviation Administration;
       (ii) Indian tribes;
       (iii) airports, civilian aircraft operators, and local 
     communities; and
       (iv) private landowners and other stakeholders; or
       (E) improve the coordination of large force exercises, 
     including the use of waivers or other exceptional measures.
       (2) An assessment of whether the capacity of ranges, 
     including limitations on flight operations, is adequate to 
     meet current and future training needs.
       (3) An assessment of whether the establishment of a 
     dedicated squadron for the purpose of coordinating the use of 
     a special use airspace at the installation located in that 
     airspace would improve the achievement of the objectives 
     described in subparagraphs (A) through (E) of paragraph (1).
       (4) An assessment of the processes in place to consider, 
     evaluate, and mitigate special use airspace impacts to the 
     public right of transit through navigable airspace and the 
     safe and efficient use of the National Airspace System by 
     commercial and general aviation.
       (5) Recommendations for improving the management and 
     utilization of special use airspace to meet the objectives 
     described in subparagraphs (A) through (E) of paragraph (1) 
     and to address any gaps in capacity identified under 
     paragraph (2).
       (b) Special Use Airspace Defined.--In this section, the 
     term ``special use airspace'' means special use airspace 
     designated under part 73 of title 14, Code of Federal 
     Regulations.

     SEC. 337. PLAN FOR MODERNIZED, DEDICATED DEPARTMENT OF THE 
                   NAVY ADVERSARY AIR TRAINING ENTERPRISE.

       (a) Plan Required.--The Chief of Naval Operations and the 
     Commandant of the Marine Corps shall develop a plan--
       (1) to establish a modernized, dedicated adversary air 
     training enterprise for the Department of the Navy in order 
     to--
       (A) maximize warfighting effectiveness and synergies of the 
     current and planned fourth and fifth generation combat air 
     forces through optimized training and readiness; and
       (B) harness intelligence analysis, emerging live-virtual-
     constructive training technologies, range infrastructure 
     improvements, and results of experimentation and prototyping 
     efforts in operational concept development;
       (2) to explore all available opportunities to challenge the 
     combat air forces of the Department of the Navy with threat 
     representative adversary-to-friendly aircraft ratios, known 
     and emerging adversary tactics, and high-fidelity replication 
     of threat airborne and ground capabilities; and
       (3) to execute all means available to achieve training and 
     readiness goals and objectives of the Navy and Marine Corps 
     with demonstrated institutional commitment to the adversary 
     air training enterprise through the application of Department 
     of the Navy policy and resources, partnering with the other 
     Armed Forces, allies, and friends, and employing the use of 
     industry contracted services.
       (b) Plan Elements.--The plan required under subsection (a) 
     shall include enterprise goals, objectives, concepts of 
     operations, phased implementation timelines, analysis of 
     expected readiness improvements, prioritized resource 
     requirements, and such other matters as the Chief of Naval 
     Operations and Commandant of the Marine Corps consider 
     appropriate.

[[Page H8726]]

       (c) Submittal of Plan and Briefing.--Not later than March 
     1, 2018, the Chief of Naval Operations and Commandant of the 
     Marine Corps shall provide to the Committees on Armed 
     Services of the Senate and the House of Representatives a 
     written plan and briefing on the plan required under 
     subsection (a).

     SEC. 338. UPDATED GUIDANCE REGARDING BIENNIAL CORE REPORT.

       To ensure that the biennial core reporting procedures of 
     the Department of Defense align with the requirements of 
     section 2464 of title 10, United States Code, and that each 
     reporting agency provides accurate and complete information, 
     the Secretary of Defense shall direct the Under Secretary of 
     Defense for Acquisition, Technology and Logistics to update 
     the Department of Defense Guidance, in particular Department 
     of Defense Instruction 4151.20, to require future biennial 
     core reports include instructions to the reporting agencies 
     on how to--
       (1) report additional depot workload performed that has not 
     been identified as a core requirement;
       (2) accurately capture inter-service workload;
       (3) calculate shortfalls; and
       (4) estimate the cost of planned workload.

                       Subtitle E--Other Matters

     SEC. 341. EXPLOSIVE SAFETY BOARD.

       (a) Modification and Improvement of Ammunition Storage 
     Board.--Section 172 of title 10, United States Code, is 
     amended--
       (1) by striking ``The Secretaries of the military 
     departments'' and inserting ``(a) In General.--The Secretary 
     of Defense'';
       (2) by inserting ``that includes members'' after ``joint 
     board'';
       (3) by striking ``selected by them'' and inserting 
     ``selected by the Secretaries of the military departments,'';
       (4) by inserting ``military'' before ``officers'';
       (5) by inserting ``designated as the chair and voting 
     members of the board for each military department'' after 
     ``officers'';
       (6) by inserting ``and other'' before ``civilian 
     officers'';
       (7) by striking ``or both'' and inserting ``as necessary'';
       (8) by striking ``keep informed on stored'' and inserting 
     ``provide oversight on storage and transportation of''; and
       (9) by adding at the end the following new subsection:
       ``(b) Oversight by Secretaries of the Military 
     Departments.--The Secretaries of the military departments 
     shall provide research, development, test, evaluation, and 
     manufacturing oversight for energetic materials supporting 
     military requirements.''.
       (b) Clerical Amendments.--
       (1) Section heading.--The heading of section 172 of title 
     10, United States Code, is amended by striking ``Ammunition 
     storage'' and inserting ``Explosive safety''.
       (2) Table of sections.--The table of sections at the 
     beginning of chapter 7 of such title is amended by striking 
     the item relating to section 172 and inserting the following 
     new item:

``172. Explosive safety board.''.

     SEC. 342. SERVICEWOMEN'S COMMEMORATIVE PARTNERSHIPS.

       (a) In General.--The Secretary of Defense may provide not 
     more than $5,000,000 in financial support for the 
     acquisition, installation, and maintenance of exhibits, 
     facilities, historical displays, and programs at military 
     service memorials and museums that highlight the role of 
     women in the military. The Secretary may enter into a 
     contract, partnership, or grant with a non-profit 
     organization for the purpose of performing such acquisition, 
     installation, and maintenance.
       (b) Purposes.--The contracts, partnerships, or grants shall 
     be limited to serving the purposes of--
       (1) preserving the history of the 3,000,000 women who have 
     served in the United States Armed Forces;
       (2) managing an archive of artifacts, historic memorabilia, 
     and documents related to servicewomen;
       (3) maintaining a women veterans' oral history program; and
       (4) conducting other educational programs related to women 
     in service.

     SEC. 343. LIMITATION ON AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS FOR ADVANCED 
                   SKILLS MANAGEMENT SOFTWARE SYSTEM OF THE NAVY.

       (a) Limitation.--None of the funds authorized to be 
     appropriated by this Act or otherwise made available for 
     fiscal year 2018 for the Department of Defense may be 
     obligated for the enhancement of the advanced skills 
     management software system of the Navy until a period of 60 
     days has elapsed following the date on which Secretary of the 
     Navy makes the submission required under subsection (b)(3).
       (b) Briefing and Certification.--The Secretary of the Navy 
     shall--
       (1) provide to the Committees on Armed Services of the 
     Senate and the House of Representatives a briefing on any 
     enhancements that are needed for the advanced skills 
     management software system of the Navy;
       (2) after providing the briefing under paragraph (1), issue 
     a request for information for such enhancements in accordance 
     with part 15.2 of the Federal Acquisition Regulation; and
       (3) submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the 
     Senate and the House of Representatives--
       (A) the results of the request for information issued under 
     paragraph (2); and
       (B) a written certification that--
       (i) as part of the request for information, the Secretary 
     solicited information on commercially available off-the-shelf 
     software solutions that may be used to enhance the advanced 
     skills management software system of the Navy; and
       (ii) the Secretary has considered using such solutions.
       (c) Advanced Skills Management Software System Defined.--In 
     this section, the term ``advanced skills management software 
     system'' means a software application designed to--
       (1) identify job task requirements for Navy personnel;
       (2) assist in determining the proficiencies of such 
     personnel;
       (3) document qualifications and certifications of such 
     personnel; and
       (4) track the technical training completed by Navy aviation 
     maintenance personnel.

     SEC. 344. COST-BENEFIT ANALYSIS OF UNIFORM SPECIFICATIONS FOR 
                   AFGHAN MILITARY OR SECURITY FORCES.

       Beginning on the date of the enactment of this Act, 
     whenever the Secretary of Defense enters into a contract for 
     the provision of uniforms for Afghan military or security 
     forces, the Secretary shall conduct a cost-benefit analysis 
     of the uniform specification for the Afghan military or 
     security forces uniform. Such analysis shall determine--
       (1) whether there is a more effective alternative uniform 
     specification, considering both operational environment and 
     cost, available to the Afghan military or security forces;
       (2) the efficacy of the existing pattern compared to other 
     alternatives (both proprietary and non-proprietary patterns); 
     and
       (3) the costs and feasibility of transitioning the uniforms 
     of the Afghan military or security forces to a pattern owned 
     by the United States, using existing excess inventory where 
     available, and acquiring the rights to the Spec4ce Forest 
     pattern.

     SEC. 345. TEMPORARY INSTALLATION REUTILIZATION AUTHORITY FOR 
                   ARSENALS, DEPOTS, AND PLANTS.

       (a) Modified Authority.--In the case of a military 
     manufacturing arsenal, depot, or plant, the Secretary of the 
     Army may authorize up to 10 leases and contracts per fiscal 
     year under section 2667 of title 10, United States Code, for 
     a term of up to 25 years, notwithstanding subsection (b)(1) 
     of such section, if the Secretary determines that a lease or 
     contract of that duration will promote the national defense 
     for the purpose of--
       (1) helping to maintain the viability of the military 
     manufacturing arsenal, depot, or plant and any military 
     installations on which it is located;
       (2) eliminating, or at least reducing, the cost of 
     Government ownership of the military manufacturing arsenal, 
     depot, or plant, including the costs of operations and 
     maintenance, the costs of environmental remediation, and 
     other costs; and
       (3) leveraging private investment at the military 
     manufacturing arsenal, depot, or plant through long-term 
     facility use contracts, property management contracts, 
     leases, or other agreements that support and advance the 
     preceding purposes.
       (b) Delegation and Review Process.--
       (1) In general.--The Secretary of the Army may delegate the 
     authority provided by this section to the commander of the 
     major subordinate command of the Army that has responsibility 
     for the military manufacturing arsenal, depot, or plant or, 
     if part of a larger military installation, the installation 
     as a whole. The commander may approve a lease or contract 
     under such authority on a case-by-case basis or a class 
     basis.
       (2) Notice of approval.--Upon any approval of a lease or 
     contract by a commander pursuant to a delegation of authority 
     under paragraph (1), the commander shall notify the Chief of 
     the Army Corps of Engineers and Congress of the approval.
       (3) Review period.--Any lease or contract that is approved 
     utilizing the delegation authority under paragraph (1) is 
     subject to a 90-day hold period so that the Chief of the Army 
     Corps of Engineers may review the lease or contract pursuant 
     to paragraph (4).
       (4) Disposition of review.--If the Chief of the Army Corps 
     of Engineers disapproves of a contract or lease submitted for 
     review under paragraph (3), the agreement shall be null and 
     void upon transmittal by the Chief of the Army Corps of 
     Engineers to the delegating authority of a written 
     disapproval, including a justification for such disapproval, 
     within the 90-day hold period. If no such disapproval is 
     transmitted within the 90-day hold period, the agreement 
     shall be deemed approved.
       (5) Approval of revised agreement.--If, not later than 60 
     days after receiving a disapproval under paragraph (4), the 
     delegating authority submits to the Chief of the Army Corps 
     of Engineers a new contract or lease that addresses the 
     concerns of the Chief of the Army Corps of Engineers outlined 
     in such disapproval, the new contract or lease shall be 
     deemed approved unless the Chief of the Army Corps of 
     Engineers transmits to the delegating authority a disapproval 
     of the new contract or lease within 30 days of such 
     submission.
       (c) Military Manufacturing Arsenal, Depot, or Plant 
     Defined.--In this section, the term ``military manufacturing 
     arsenal, depot, or plant'' means a Government-owned, 
     Government-operated defense plant of the Army that 
     manufactures weapons, weapon components, or both.
       (d) Sunset.--The authority under this section shall 
     terminate at the close of September 30, 2020. Any contracts 
     entered into on or before such date shall continue in effect 
     according to their terms.

     SEC. 346. COMPREHENSIVE PLAN FOR SHARING DEPOT-LEVEL 
                   MAINTENANCE BEST PRACTICES.

       (a) In General.--Not later than 90 days after the date of 
     the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall 
     submit to the congressional defense committees a 
     comprehensive plan for the sharing of best practices for 
     depot-level maintenance among the military services.

[[Page H8727]]

       (b) Elements.--The comprehensive plan required under 
     subsection (a) shall cover the sharing of best practices with 
     regard to--
       (1) programing and scheduling;
       (2) core capability requirements;
       (3) workload;
       (4) personnel management, development, and sustainment;
       (5) induction, duration, efficiency, and completion 
     metrics;
       (6) parts, supply, tool, and equipment management;
       (7) capital investment and manufacturing and production 
     capability; and
       (8) inspection and quality control.

     SEC. 347. PILOT PROGRAM FOR OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE BUDGET 
                   PRESENTATION.

       (a) In General.--Along with the budget for fiscal years 
     2019, 2020, and 2021 submitted by the President pursuant to 
     section 1105(a) of title 31, United States Code, the 
     Secretary of Defense and the Secretaries of the military 
     departments shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services 
     of the Senate and the House of Representatives an annex for 
     the following Operation and Maintenance sub-activity groups 
     (SAG):
       (1) For the Army:
       (A) SAG 111 - Maneuver Units.
       (B) SAG 123 - Land Forces Depot Maintenance.
       (C) SAG 131 - Base Operations Support.
       (D) SAG 322 - Flight Training.
       (2) For the Navy:
       (A) SAG 1A5A - Aircraft Depot Maintenance.
       (B) SAG 1B1B - Mission and Other Ship Operations.
       (C) SAG 1B4B - Ship Depot Maintenance.
       (D) SAG BSS1 - Base Operating Support.
       (3) For the Marine Corps:
       (A) SAG 1A1A - Operational Forces.
       (B) SAG 1A3A - Depot Maintenance.
       (C) SAG 1B1B - Field Logistics.
       (D) SAG BSS1 - Base Operating Support.
       (4) For the Air Force:
       (A) SAG 011A - Primary Combat Forces.
       (B) SAG 011Y - Flying Hour Program.
       (C) SAG 011Z - Base Support.
       (D) SAG 021M - Depot Maintenance.
       (b) Elements.--The annex required under subsection (a) 
     shall include the following elements:
       (1) A summary by appropriation account with subtotals for 
     Department of Defense components.
       (2) A summary of each appropriation account by budget 
     activity, activity group, and sub-activity group with budget 
     activity and activity group subtotals and an appropriation 
     total.
       (3) A detailed sub-activity group by program element and 
     expense aggregate listing in budget activity and activity 
     group sequence.
       (4) A rollup document by sub-activity group with 
     accompanying program element funding with the PB-61 program 
     element tags included.
       (5) A summary of each depot maintenance facility with 
     information on workload, work force, sources of funding, and 
     expenses similar to the exhibit on Mission Funded Naval 
     Shipyards included with the 2012 Navy Budget Justification.
       (6) A summary of contractor logistics support for each 
     program element, including a measure of workload and unit 
     cost.
       (c) Formatting.--The annex required under subsection (a) 
     shall be formatted in accordance with relevant Department of 
     Defense financial management regulations that provide 
     guidance for budget submissions to Congress.

     SEC. 348. REPURPOSING AND REUSE OF SURPLUS ARMY FIREARMS.

       (a) Required Transfer.--Not later than 90 days after the 
     date of the enactment of this Act, and subject to subsection 
     (c), the Secretary of the Army shall transfer to a suitable 
     organic facility all excess firearms, related spare parts and 
     components, small arms ammunition, and ammunition components 
     currently stored at Defense Distribution Depot, Anniston, 
     Alabama, that are no longer actively issued for military 
     service and that are otherwise prohibited from commercial 
     sale, or distribution, under Federal law.
       (b) Repurposing and Reuse.--The items specified for 
     transfer under subsection (a) shall be melted and repurposed 
     for military use as determined by the Secretary of the Army, 
     including--
       (1) the reforging of new firearms or their components; and
       (2) force protection barriers and security bollards.
       (c) Items Exempt From Transfer.--M-1 Garand, caliber .45 
     M1911/M1911A1 pistols, caliber .22 rimfire rifles, and such 
     additional items as designated by the Secretary in the annual 
     report required under subsection (d) are not subject to the 
     transfer requirement under subsection (a).
       (d) Annual Report.--Not later than 5 days after the budget 
     of the President for a fiscal year is submitted to Congress 
     under section 1105 of title 31, United States Code, the 
     Secretary of the Army, in coordination with the Director of 
     the Defense Logistics Agency, shall submit to the Committees 
     on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of 
     Representatives a report specifying additional excess 
     firearms, related spare parts and components, small arms 
     ammunition, and ammunition components designated as no longer 
     actively issued for military service and that are otherwise 
     prohibited from commercial sale, or distribution, under 
     Federal law. The Secretary of the Army shall designate these 
     items to either be added to the transfer list for the 
     purposes described under subsection (b) or the list of items 
     exempted under subsection (c). The report may not include the 
     redesignation or change in status of items previously 
     designated for transfer or exemption pursuant to subsections 
     (a) or (c).
       (e) Actions Pursuant to Annual Report.--The Secretary of 
     the Army may not take any action to transfer items designated 
     in the report submitted under subsection (d) until the date 
     of the enactment of the National Defense Authorization Act 
     for the fiscal year following the year such report is 
     submitted. Upon enactment of such Act, the Secretary shall 
     transfer or exempt the items so designated.

     SEC. 349. DEPARTMENT OF THE NAVY MARKSMANSHIP AWARDS.

       Section 40728 of title 36, United States Code, is amended 
     by adding at the end the following new subsection:
       ``(i) Authorized Navy Transfers.--(1) Notwithstanding 
     subsections (a) and (b), the Secretary of the Navy may 
     transfer to the corporation, in accordance with the 
     procedures prescribed in this subchapter, M-1 Garand and 
     caliber .22 rimfire rifles held within the inventories of the 
     United States Navy and the United States Marine Corps and 
     stored at Defense Distribution Depot, Anniston, Alabama, or 
     Naval Surface Warfare Center, Crane, Indiana, as of the date 
     of the enactment of the National Defense Authorization Act 
     for Fiscal Year 2018.
       ``(2) The items specified for transfer under paragraph 
     (1)--
       ``(A) shall be used as awards for competitors in 
     marksmanship competitions held by the United States Marine 
     Corps or the United States Navy and may not be resold; and
       ``(B) shall be rendered inoperable prior to award and 
     transfer to marksmanship competitors.''.

     SEC. 350. CIVILIAN TRAINING FOR NATIONAL GUARD PILOTS AND 
                   SENSOR OPERATOR AIRCREWS OF MQ-9 UNMANNED 
                   AERIAL VEHICLES.

       (a) Contracts for Training.--Subject to subsection (c), the 
     Secretary of the Air Force may enter into one or more 
     contracts with appropriate civilian entities in order to 
     provide flying or operating training for Air National Guard 
     pilots and sensor operator aircrew members in the MQ-9 
     unmanned aerial vehicle if the Secretary of the Air Force 
     determines that--
       (1) Air Force training units lack sufficient capacity to 
     train such pilots or sensor operator aircrew members for 
     initial qualification in the MQ-9 unmanned aerial vehicle;
       (2) pilots or sensor operator aircrew members of Air 
     National Guard units require continuation training in order 
     to remain current and qualified in the MQ-9 unmanned aerial 
     vehicle;
       (3) non-combat continuation training in the MQ-9 unmanned 
     aerial vehicle is necessary for such pilots or sensor 
     operator aircrew members to achieve required levels of flying 
     or operating proficiency; and
       (4) such training for such pilots or sensor operator 
     aircrew members is necessary in order to meet requirements 
     for the Air National Guard to provide pilots and sensor 
     operator aircrew members qualified in the MQ-9 unmanned 
     aerial vehicle for operations on active duty and in State 
     status.
       (b) Nature of Training Under Contracts.--Any training 
     provided pursuant to a contract under subsection (a) shall 
     incorporate a level of instruction that is equivalent to the 
     instruction in the MQ-9 unmanned aerial vehicle provided to 
     pilots and sensor operator aircrew members at Air Force 
     training units, as determined by the Secretary of the Air 
     Force.
       (c) Authority Contingent on Certification and Notice and 
     Wait Period.--The Secretary of the Air Force may not use the 
     authority in subsection (a) unless and until the Secretary of 
     the Air Force certifies to the congressional defense 
     committees in writing, 90 days in advance of executing such 
     authority provided in subsection (a), that the use of the 
     authority is necessary to provide required flying or 
     operating training for Air National Guard pilots and sensor 
     operator aircrew members in the MQ-9 unmanned aerial vehicle.

     SEC. 351. TRAINING FOR NATIONAL GUARD PERSONNEL ON WILDFIRE 
                   RESPONSE.

       The Secretary of the Army and the Secretary of the Air 
     Force may, in consultation with the Chief of the National 
     Guard Bureau, provide support for training of appropriate 
     personnel of the National Guard on wildfire response and 
     prevention, with preference given to military installations 
     with the highest wildfire suppression need.

     SEC. 352. MODIFICATION OF THE SECOND DIVISION MEMORIAL.

       (a) Authorization.--The Second Indianhead Division 
     Association, Inc., Scholarship and Memorials Foundation, an 
     organization described in section 501(c)(3) of the Internal 
     Revenue Code of 1986 and exempt from taxation under section 
     501(a) of that Code, may place additional commemorative 
     elements or engravings on the raised platform or stone work 
     of the existing Second Division Memorial located in 
     President's Park, between 17th Street Northwest and 
     Constitution Avenue in the District of Columbia, to further 
     honor the members of the Second Infantry Division who have 
     given their lives in service to the United States.
       (b) Application of Commemorative Works Act.--Chapter 89 of 
     title 40, United States Code (commonly known as the 
     ``Commemorative Works Act''), shall apply to the design and 
     placement of the commemorative elements or engravings 
     authorized under subsection (a).
       (c) Funding.--Federal funds may not be used for 
     modifications of the Second Division Memorial authorized 
     under subsection (a).

              TITLE IV--MILITARY PERSONNEL AUTHORIZATIONS

                       Subtitle A--Active Forces

Sec. 401. End strengths for active forces.
Sec. 402. Revisions in permanent active duty end strength minimum 
              levels.

                       Subtitle B--Reserve Forces

Sec. 411. End strengths for Selected Reserve.
Sec. 412. End strengths for Reserves on active duty in support of the 
              reserves.
Sec. 413. End strengths for military technicians (dual status).

[[Page H8728]]

Sec. 414. Fiscal year 2018 limitation on number of non-dual status 
              technicians.
Sec. 415. Maximum number of reserve personnel authorized to be on 
              active duty for operational support.
Sec. 416. Number of members of the National Guard on full-time duty in 
              support of the reserves within the National Guard Bureau.

              Subtitle C--Authorization of Appropriations

Sec. 421. Military personnel.

                       Subtitle A--Active Forces

     SEC. 401. END STRENGTHS FOR ACTIVE FORCES.

       The Armed Forces are authorized strengths for active duty 
     personnel as of September 30, 2018, as follows:
       (1) The Army, 483,500.
       (2) The Navy, 327,900.
       (3) The Marine Corps, 186,000.
       (4) The Air Force, 325,100.

     SEC. 402. REVISIONS IN PERMANENT ACTIVE DUTY END STRENGTH 
                   MINIMUM LEVELS.

       Section 691(b) of title 10, United States Code, is amended 
     by striking paragraphs (1) through (4) and inserting the 
     following new paragraphs:
       ``(1) For the Army, 483,500.
       ``(2) For the Navy, 327,900.
       ``(3) For the Marine Corps, 186,000.
       ``(4) For the Air Force, 325,100.''.

                       Subtitle B--Reserve Forces

     SEC. 411. END STRENGTHS FOR SELECTED RESERVE.

       (a) In General.--The Armed Forces are authorized strengths 
     for Selected Reserve personnel of the reserve components as 
     of September 30, 2018, as follows:
       (1) The Army National Guard of the United States, 343,500.
       (2) The Army Reserve, 199,500.
       (3) The Navy Reserve, 59,000.
       (4) The Marine Corps Reserve, 38,500.
       (5) The Air National Guard of the United States, 106,600.
       (6) The Air Force Reserve, 69,800.
       (7) The Coast Guard Reserve, 7,000.
       (b) End Strength Reductions.--The end strengths prescribed 
     by subsection (a) for the Selected Reserve of any reserve 
     component shall be proportionately reduced by--
       (1) the total authorized strength of units organized to 
     serve as units of the Selected Reserve of such component 
     which are on active duty (other than for training) at the end 
     of the fiscal year; and
       (2) the total number of individual members not in units 
     organized to serve as units of the Selected Reserve of such 
     component who are on active duty (other than for training or 
     for unsatisfactory participation in training) without their 
     consent at the end of the fiscal year.
       (c) End Strength Increases.--Whenever units or individual 
     members of the Selected Reserve of any reserve component are 
     released from active duty during any fiscal year, the end 
     strength prescribed for such fiscal year for the Selected 
     Reserve of such reserve component shall be increased 
     proportionately by the total authorized strengths of such 
     units and by the total number of such individual members.

     SEC. 412. END STRENGTHS FOR RESERVES ON ACTIVE DUTY IN 
                   SUPPORT OF THE RESERVES.

       Within the end strengths prescribed in section 411(a), the 
     reserve components of the Armed Forces are authorized, as of 
     September 30, 2018, the following number of Reserves to be 
     serving on full-time active duty or full-time duty, in the 
     case of members of the National Guard, for the purpose of 
     organizing, administering, recruiting, instructing, or 
     training the reserve components:
       (1) The Army National Guard of the United States, 30,155.
       (2) The Army Reserve, 16,261.
       (3) The Navy Reserve, 10,101.
       (4) The Marine Corps Reserve, 2,261.
       (5) The Air National Guard of the United States, 16,260.
       (6) The Air Force Reserve, 3,588.

     SEC. 413. END STRENGTHS FOR MILITARY TECHNICIANS (DUAL 
                   STATUS).

       The minimum number of military technicians (dual status) as 
     of the last day of fiscal year 2018 for the reserve 
     components of the Army and the Air Force (notwithstanding 
     section 129 of title 10, United States Code) shall be the 
     following:
       (1) For the Army National Guard of the United States, 
     22,294.
       (2) For the Army Reserve, 6,492.
       (3) For the Air National Guard of the United States, 
     19,135.
       (4) For the Air Force Reserve, 8,880.

     SEC. 414. FISCAL YEAR 2018 LIMITATION ON NUMBER OF NON-DUAL 
                   STATUS TECHNICIANS.

       (a) Limitations.--
       (1) National guard.--The number of non-dual status 
     technicians employed by the National Guard as of September 
     30, 2018, may not exceed the following:
       (A) For the Army National Guard of the United States, 0.
       (B) For the Air National Guard of the United States, 0.
       (2) Army reserve.--The number of non-dual status 
     technicians employed by the Army Reserve as of September 30, 
     2018, may not exceed 0.
       (3) Air force reserve.--The number of non-dual status 
     technicians employed by the Air Force Reserve as of September 
     30, 2018, may not exceed 0.
       (b) Non-dual Status Technicians Defined.--In this section, 
     the term ``non-dual status technician'' has the meaning given 
     that term in section 10217(a) of title 10, United States 
     Code.

     SEC. 415. MAXIMUM NUMBER OF RESERVE PERSONNEL AUTHORIZED TO 
                   BE ON ACTIVE DUTY FOR OPERATIONAL SUPPORT.

       During fiscal year 2018, the maximum number of members of 
     the reserve components of the Armed Forces who may be serving 
     at any time on full-time operational support duty under 
     section 115(b) of title 10, United States Code, is the 
     following:
       (1) The Army National Guard of the United States, 17,000.
       (2) The Army Reserve, 13,000.
       (3) The Navy Reserve, 6,200.
       (4) The Marine Corps Reserve, 3,000.
       (5) The Air National Guard of the United States, 16,000.
       (6) The Air Force Reserve, 14,000.

     SEC. 416. NUMBER OF MEMBERS OF THE NATIONAL GUARD ON FULL-
                   TIME DUTY IN SUPPORT OF THE RESERVES WITHIN THE 
                   NATIONAL GUARD BUREAU.

       (a) Army National Guard of the United States.--As of the 
     end of fiscal year 2019, and as of the end of each fiscal 
     year thereafter, the number of members of the Army National 
     Guard of the United States serving with the National Guard 
     Bureau on full-time duty for the purpose of organizing, 
     administering, recruiting, instructing, or training the 
     reserve components may not exceed the number equal to six 
     percent of the total number of members of the Army National 
     Guard of the United States authorized for service on full-
     time duty for that purpose in that fiscal year.
       (b) Air National Guard of the United States.--As of the end 
     of fiscal year 2019, and as of the end of each fiscal year 
     thereafter, the number of members of the Air National Guard 
     of the United States serving with the National Guard Bureau 
     on full-time duty for the purpose of organizing, 
     administering, recruiting, instructing, or training the 
     reserve components may not exceed the number equal to six 
     percent of the total number of members of the Air National 
     Guard of the United States authorized for service on full-
     time duty for that purpose in that fiscal year.

              Subtitle C--Authorization of Appropriations

     SEC. 421. MILITARY PERSONNEL.

       (a) Authorization of Appropriations.--Funds are hereby 
     authorized to be appropriated for fiscal year 2018 for the 
     use of the Armed Forces and other activities and agencies of 
     the Department of Defense for expenses, not otherwise 
     provided for, for military personnel, as specified in the 
     funding table in section 4401.
       (b) Construction of Authorization.--The authorization of 
     appropriations in subsection (a) supersedes any other 
     authorization of appropriations (definite or indefinite) for 
     such purpose for fiscal year 2018.

                   TITLE V--MILITARY PERSONNEL POLICY

                  Subtitle A--Officer Personnel Policy

Sec. 501. Modification of deadline for submittal by officers of written 
              communications to promotion selection boards on matters 
              of importance to their selection.
Sec. 502. Clarification to exception for removal of officers from list 
              of officers recommended for promotion after 18 months 
              without appointment.
Sec. 503. Modification of requirement for specification of number of 
              officers who may be recommended for early retirement by a 
              Selective Early Retirement Board.
Sec. 504. Extension of service-in-grade waiver authority for voluntary 
              retirement of certain general and flag officers for 
              purposes of enhanced flexibility in officer personnel 
              management.
Sec. 505. Inclusion of Principal Military Deputy to the Assistant 
              Secretary of the Army for Acquisition, Technology, and 
              Logistics among officers subject to repeal of statutory 
              specification of general officer grade.
Sec. 506. Clarification of effect of repeal of statutory specification 
              of general or flag officer grade for various positions in 
              the Armed Forces.
Sec. 507. Standardization of authorities in connection with repeal of 
              statutory specification of general officer grade for the 
              Dean of the Academic Board of the United States Military 
              Academy and the Dean of the Faculty of the United States 
              Air Force Academy.
Sec. 508. Flexibility in promotion of officers to positions of Staff 
              Judge Advocate to the Commandant of the Marine Corps and 
              Deputy Judge Advocate General of the Navy or Air Force.
Sec. 509. Grandfathering of retired grade of Assistant Judge Advocates 
              General of the Navy as of repeal of statutory 
              specification of general and flag officers grades in the 
              Armed Forces.

                Subtitle B--Reserve Component Management

Sec. 511. Equal treatment of orders to serve on active duty under 
              sections 12304a and 12304b of title 10, United States 
              Code.
Sec. 512. Service credit for cyberspace experience or advanced 
              education upon original appointment as a commissioned 
              officer.
Sec. 513. Consolidation of authorities to order members of the reserve 
              components of the Armed Forces to perform duty.
Sec. 514. Pilot program on use of retired senior enlisted members of 
              the Army National Guard as Army National Guard 
              recruiters.

[[Page H8729]]

                Subtitle C--General Service Authorities

   Part I--Matters Relating to Discharge and Correction of Military 
                                Records

Sec. 520. Consideration of additional medical evidence by Boards for 
              the Correction of Military Records and liberal 
              consideration of evidence relating to post-traumatic 
              stress disorder or traumatic brain injury.
Sec. 521. Public availability of information related to disposition of 
              claims regarding discharge or release of members of the 
              Armed Forces when the claims involve sexual assault.
Sec. 522. Confidential review of characterization of terms of discharge 
              of members who are victims of sex-related offenses.
Sec. 523. Training requirements for members of boards for the 
              correction of military records and personnel who 
              investigate claims of retaliation.
Sec. 524. Pilot program on use of video teleconferencing technology by 
              boards for the correction of military records and 
              discharge review boards.

               Part II--Other General Service Authorities

Sec. 526. Modification of basis for extension of period for enlistment 
              in the Armed Forces under the Delayed Entry Program.
Sec. 527. Reauthorization of authority to order retired members to 
              active duty in high-demand, low-density assignments.
Sec. 528. Notification of members of the Armed Forces undergoing 
              certain administrative separations of potential 
              eligibility for veterans benefits.
Sec. 529. Extension of authority of the Secretary of Veterans Affairs 
              to provide for the conduct of medical disability 
              examinations by contract physicians.
Sec. 530. Provision of information on naturalization through military 
              service.

          Subtitle D--Military Justice and Other Legal Issues

Sec. 531. Clarifying amendments related to the Uniform Code of Military 
              Justice reform by the Military Justice Act of 2016.
Sec. 532. Enhancement of effective prosecution and defense in courts-
              martial and related matters.
Sec. 533. Punitive article under the Uniform Code of Military Justice 
              on wrongful broadcast or distribution of intimate visual 
              images or visual images of sexually explicit conduct.
Sec. 534. Garnishment to satisfy judgment rendered for physically, 
              sexually, or emotionally abusing a child.
Sec. 535. Sexual assault prevention and response training for all 
              individuals enlisted in the Armed Forces under a delayed 
              entry program.
Sec. 536. Special Victims' Counsel training regarding the unique 
              challenges often faced by male victims of sexual assault.
Sec. 537. Inclusion of information in annual SAPRO reports regarding 
              military sexual harassment and incidents involving 
              nonconsensual distribution of private sexual images.
Sec. 538. Inclusion of information in annual SAPRO reports regarding 
              sexual assaults committed by a member of the Armed Forces 
              against the member's spouse or other family member.

   Subtitle E--Member Education, Training, Resilience, and Transition

Sec. 541. Element in preseparation counseling for members of the Armed 
              Forces on assistance and support services for caregivers 
              of certain veterans through the Department of Veterans 
              Affairs.
Sec. 542. Improved employment assistance for members of the Army, Navy, 
              Air Force, and Marine Corps and veterans.
Sec. 543. Limitation on release of military service academy graduates 
              to participate in professional athletics.
Sec. 544. Two-year extension of suicide prevention and resilience 
              program for the National Guard and Reserves.
Sec. 545. Annual certifications related to Ready, Relevant Learning 
              initiative of the Navy.
Sec. 546. Authority to expand eligibility for the United States 
              Military Apprenticeship Program.
Sec. 547. Limitation on availability of funds for attendance of Air 
              Force enlisted personnel at Air Force officer 
              professional military education in-residence courses.
Sec. 548. Lieutenant Henry Ossian Flipper Leadership Scholarships.
Sec. 549. Pilot programs on appointment in the excepted service in the 
              Department of Defense of physically disqualified former 
              cadets and midshipmen.

Subtitle F--Defense Dependents' Education and Military Family Readiness 
                                Matters

             Part I--Defense Dependents' Education Matters

Sec. 551. Assistance to schools with military dependent students.
Sec. 552. Transitions of military dependent students from Department of 
              Defense dependent schools to other schools and among 
              schools of local educational agencies.
Sec. 553. Report on educational opportunities in science, technology, 
              engineering, and mathematics for children who are 
              dependents of members of the Armed Forces.

               Part II--Military Family Readiness Matters

Sec. 555. Codification of authority to conduct family support programs 
              for immediate family members of members of the Armed 
              Forces assigned to special operations forces.
Sec. 556. Reimbursement for State licensure and certification costs of 
              a spouse of a member of the Armed Forces arising from 
              relocation to another State.
Sec. 557. Temporary extension of extended period of protections for 
              members of uniformed services relating to mortgages, 
              mortgage foreclosure, and eviction.
Sec. 558. Enhancing military childcare programs and activities of the 
              Department of Defense.
Sec. 559. Direct hire authority for Department of Defense for childcare 
              services providers for Department child development 
              centers.
Sec. 560. Pilot program on public-private partnerships for telework 
              facilities for military spouses on military installations 
              outside the United States.

                   Subtitle G--Decorations and Awards

Sec. 561. Authorization for award of the Medal of Honor to Garlin M. 
              Conner for acts of valor during World War II.
Sec. 562. Authorization for award of Distinguished-Service Cross to 
              Specialist Frank M. Crary for acts of valor in Vietnam.

            Subtitle H--Miscellaneous Reporting Requirements

Sec. 571. Analysis and report on accompanied and unaccompanied tours of 
              duty in remote locations with high family support costs.
Sec. 572. Review and reports on policies for regular and reserve 
              officer career management.
Sec. 573. Review and report on effects of personnel requirements and 
              limitations on the availability of members of the 
              National Guard for the performance of funeral honors duty 
              for veterans.
Sec. 574. Review and report on authorities for the employment, use, and 
              status of National Guard and Reserve technicians.
Sec. 575. Assessment and report on expanding and contracting for 
              childcare services of the Department of Defense.
Sec. 576. Review and report on compensation provided childcare services 
              providers of the Department of Defense.
Sec. 577. Comptroller General of the United States assessment and 
              report on the Office of Complex Investigations within the 
              National Guard Bureau.
Sec. 578. Modification of submittal date of Comptroller General of the 
              United States report on integrity of the Department of 
              Defense whistleblower program.

                       Subtitle I--Other Matters

Sec. 581. Expansion of United States Air Force Institute of Technology 
              enrollment authority to include civilian employees of the 
              homeland security industry.
Sec. 582. Conditional designation of Explosive Ordnance Disposal Corps 
              as a basic branch of the Army.
Sec. 583. Designation of office within Office of the Secretary of 
              Defense to oversee use of food assistance programs by 
              members of the Armed Forces on active duty.

                  Subtitle A--Officer Personnel Policy

     SEC. 501. MODIFICATION OF DEADLINE FOR SUBMITTAL BY OFFICERS 
                   OF WRITTEN COMMUNICATIONS TO PROMOTION 
                   SELECTION BOARDS ON MATTERS OF IMPORTANCE TO 
                   THEIR SELECTION.

       (a) Officers on Active-duty List.--Section 614(b) of title 
     10, United States Code, is amended by striking ``the day'' 
     and inserting ``10 calendar days''.
       (b) Officers in Reserve Active-status.--Section 14106 of 
     title 10, United States Code, is amended in the second 
     sentence by striking ``the day'' and inserting ``10 calendar 
     days''.
       (c) Application of Amendments.--The amendments made by this 
     section shall apply with respect to promotion selection 
     boards convened on or after the date of the enactment of this 
     Act.

     SEC. 502. CLARIFICATION TO EXCEPTION FOR REMOVAL OF OFFICERS 
                   FROM LIST OF OFFICERS RECOMMENDED FOR PROMOTION 
                   AFTER 18 MONTHS WITHOUT APPOINTMENT.

       Section 629(c)(3) of title 10, United States Code, is 
     amended by striking ``the Senate is not able to obtain the 
     information necessary'' and inserting ``the military 
     department concerned is not able to obtain and provide to the 
     Senate the information the Senate requires''.

[[Page H8730]]

  


     SEC. 503. MODIFICATION OF REQUIREMENT FOR SPECIFICATION OF 
                   NUMBER OF OFFICERS WHO MAY BE RECOMMENDED FOR 
                   EARLY RETIREMENT BY A SELECTIVE EARLY 
                   RETIREMENT BOARD.

       Section 638a of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
       (1) in subsection (c), by striking paragraph (1) and 
     inserting the following new paragraph:
       ``(1) In the case of an action under subsection (b)(2), the 
     total number of officers described in that subsection that a 
     selection board convened under section 611(b) of this title 
     pursuant to the authority of that subsection may recommend 
     for early retirement may not be more than 30 percent of the 
     number of officers considered in each grade in each 
     competitive category.''; and
       (2) in subsection (d), by striking paragraph (2) and 
     inserting the following new paragraph:
       ``(2) The total number of officers to be recommended for 
     discharge by a selection board convened pursuant to 
     subsection (b)(3) may not be more than 30 percent of the 
     number of officers considered.''.

     SEC. 504. EXTENSION OF SERVICE-IN-GRADE WAIVER AUTHORITY FOR 
                   VOLUNTARY RETIREMENT OF CERTAIN GENERAL AND 
                   FLAG OFFICERS FOR PURPOSES OF ENHANCED 
                   FLEXIBILITY IN OFFICER PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT.

       Section 1370(a)(2)(G) of title 10, United States Code, is 
     amended by striking ``2017'' and inserting ``2025''.

     SEC. 505. INCLUSION OF PRINCIPAL MILITARY DEPUTY TO THE 
                   ASSISTANT SECRETARY OF THE ARMY FOR 
                   ACQUISITION, TECHNOLOGY, AND LOGISTICS AMONG 
                   OFFICERS SUBJECT TO REPEAL OF STATUTORY 
                   SPECIFICATION OF GENERAL OFFICER GRADE.

       Section 3016(b)(5)(B) of title 10, United States Code, is 
     amended by striking ``a lieutenant general'' and inserting 
     ``an officer''.

     SEC. 506. CLARIFICATION OF EFFECT OF REPEAL OF STATUTORY 
                   SPECIFICATION OF GENERAL OR FLAG OFFICER GRADE 
                   FOR VARIOUS POSITIONS IN THE ARMED FORCES.

       (a) Retention of Grade of Incumbents in Positions on 
     Effective Date.--
       (1) In general.--Section 502 of the National Defense 
     Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328; 
     130 Stat. 2102) is amended by adding at the end the following 
     new subsection:
       ``(tt) Retention of Grade of Incumbents in Positions on 
     Effective Date.--The grade of service of an officer serving 
     as of the date of the enactment of this Act in a position 
     whose statutory grade is affected by an amendment made by 
     this section may not be reduced after that date by reason of 
     such amendment as long as the officer remains in continuous 
     service in such position after that date.''.
       (2) Retroactive effective date.--The amendment made by 
     paragraph (1) shall take effect as of December 23, 2016, and 
     be treated as if included in the enactment of the National 
     Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 
     114-328).
       (b) Clarifying Amendment to Chief of Veterinary Corps of 
     the Army Repeal.--Section 3084 of title 10, United States 
     Code, is amended by striking the last sentence.

     SEC. 507. STANDARDIZATION OF AUTHORITIES IN CONNECTION WITH 
                   REPEAL OF STATUTORY SPECIFICATION OF GENERAL 
                   OFFICER GRADE FOR THE DEAN OF THE ACADEMIC 
                   BOARD OF THE UNITED STATES MILITARY ACADEMY AND 
                   THE DEAN OF THE FACULTY OF THE UNITED STATES 
                   AIR FORCE ACADEMY.

       (a) Dean of Academic Board of Military Academy.--Section 
     4335(c) of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
       (1) by striking the first and third sentences; and
       (2) in the remaining sentence, by striking ``so appointed'' 
     and inserting ``appointed as Dean of the Academic Board''.
       (b) Dean of Faculty of Air Force Academy.--Section 9335(b) 
     of title 10, United States Code, is amended by striking ``so 
     appointed'' and inserting ``appointed as Dean of the 
     Faculty''.

     SEC. 508. FLEXIBILITY IN PROMOTION OF OFFICERS TO POSITIONS 
                   OF STAFF JUDGE ADVOCATE TO THE COMMANDANT OF 
                   THE MARINE CORPS AND DEPUTY JUDGE ADVOCATE 
                   GENERAL OF THE NAVY OR AIR FORCE.

       (a) Staff Judge Advocate to Commandant of the Marine 
     Corps.--Section 5046(b) of title 10, United States Code, is 
     amended--
       (1) by inserting ``(1)'' after ``(b)''; and
       (2) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
       ``(2) If the Secretary of the Navy elects to convene a 
     selection board under section 611(a) of this title to 
     consider eligible officers for selection to appointment as 
     Staff Judge Advocate, the Secretary may, in connection with 
     such consideration for selection--
       ``(A) treat any section in chapter 36 of this title 
     referring to promotion to the next higher grade as if such 
     section referred to promotion to a higher grade; and
       ``(B) waive section 619(a)(2) of this title if the 
     Secretary determines that the needs of the Marine Corps 
     require the waiver.''.
       (b) Deputy Judge Advocate General of the Navy.--Section 
     5149(a) of title 10, United States Code, is amended by adding 
     at the end the following new paragraph:
       ``(3) If the Secretary of the Navy elects to convene a 
     selection board under section 611(a) of this title to 
     consider eligible officers for selection to appointment as 
     Deputy Judge Advocate General, the Secretary may, in 
     connection with such consideration for selection--
       ``(A) treat any section in chapter 36 of this title 
     referring to promotion to the next higher grade as if such 
     section referred to promotion to a higher grade; and
       ``(B) waive section 619(a)(2) of this title if the 
     Secretary determines that the needs of the Navy require the 
     waiver.''.
       (c) Deputy Judge Advocate of the Air Force.--Section 
     8037(e) of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
       (1) by inserting ``(1)'' after ``(e)''; and
       (2) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
       ``(2) If the Secretary of the Air Force elects to convene a 
     selection board under section 611(a) of this title to 
     consider eligible officers for selection to appointment as 
     Deputy Judge Advocate General, the Secretary may, in 
     connection with such consideration for selection--
       ``(A) treat any section in chapter 36 of this title 
     referring to promotion to the next higher grade as if such 
     section referred to promotion to a higher grade; and
       ``(B) waive section 619(a)(2) of this title if the 
     Secretary determines that the needs of the Air Force require 
     the waiver.''.

     SEC. 509. GRANDFATHERING OF RETIRED GRADE OF ASSISTANT JUDGE 
                   ADVOCATES GENERAL OF THE NAVY AS OF REPEAL OF 
                   STATUTORY SPECIFICATION OF GENERAL AND FLAG 
                   OFFICERS GRADES IN THE ARMED FORCES.

       (a) In General.--Notwithstanding the amendments made by 
     section 502(gg)(2) of the National Defense Authorization Act 
     for Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328; 130 Stat. 2105), an 
     officer selected to hold a position specified in subsection 
     (b) as of December 23, 2016, may be retired after that date 
     in the grade of rear admiral (lower half) or brigadier 
     general, as applicable, with the retired pay of such grade 
     (unless entitled to higher pay under another provision of 
     law).
       (b) Specified Positions.--Subsection (a) applies with 
     respect to the Assistant Judge Advocates General of the Navy 
     provided for by subsections (b) and (c) of section 5149 of 
     title 10, United States Code.

                Subtitle B--Reserve Component Management

     SEC. 511. EQUAL TREATMENT OF ORDERS TO SERVE ON ACTIVE DUTY 
                   UNDER SECTIONS 12304A AND 12304B OF TITLE 10, 
                   UNITED STATES CODE.

       (a) Eligibility of Reserve Component Members for Pre-
     mobilization Health Care.--Section 1074(d)(2) of title 10, 
     United States Code, is amended by striking ``in support of a 
     contingency operation under'' and inserting ``under section 
     12304b of this title or''.
       (b) Eligibility of Reserve Component Members for 
     Transitional Health Care.--Section 1145(a)(2)(B) of title 10, 
     United States Code, is amended by striking ``in support of a 
     contingency operation'' and inserting ``under section 12304b 
     of this title or a provision of law referred to in section 
     101(a)(13)(B) of this title''.

     SEC. 512. SERVICE CREDIT FOR CYBERSPACE EXPERIENCE OR 
                   ADVANCED EDUCATION UPON ORIGINAL APPOINTMENT AS 
                   A COMMISSIONED OFFICER.

       (a) Original Appointment as a Reserve Officer.--Section 
     12207 of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
       (1) in subsection (a)(2), by inserting ``or (e)'' after 
     ``subsection (b)'';
       (2) by redesignating subsections (e) and (f) as subsections 
     (f) and (g), respectively;
       (3) by inserting after subsection (d) the following new 
     subsection (e):
       ``(e)(1) Under regulations prescribed by the Secretary of 
     Defense, if the Secretary of a military department determines 
     that the number of commissioned officers with cyberspace-
     related experience or advanced education in reserve active-
     status in an armed force under the jurisdiction of such 
     Secretary is critically below the number needed, such 
     Secretary may credit any person receiving an original 
     appointment as a reserve commissioned officer with a period 
     of constructive service for the following:
       ``(A) Special experience or training in a particular 
     cyberspace-related field if such experience or training is 
     directly related to the operational needs of the armed force 
     concerned.
       ``(B) Any period of advanced education in a cyberspace-
     related field beyond the baccalaureate degree level if such 
     advanced education is directly related to the operational 
     needs of the armed force concerned.
       ``(2) Constructive service credited an officer under this 
     subsection shall not exceed one year for each year of special 
     experience, training, or advanced education, and not more 
     than three years total constructive service may be credited.
       ``(3) Constructive service credited an officer under this 
     subsection is in addition to any service credited that 
     officer under subsection (a) and shall be credited at the 
     time of the original appointment of the officer.
       ``(4) The authority to award constructive service credit 
     under this subsection expires on December 31, 2023.''; and
       (4) in subsection (f), as redesignated by paragraph (2), by 
     striking ``or (d)'' and inserting ``, (d), or (e)''.
       (b) Extension of Authority in Connection With Original 
     Appointment of Regular Officers.--Section 533(g)(4) of title 
     10, United States Code, is amended by striking ``December 31, 
     2018'' and inserting ``December 31, 2023''.

     SEC. 513. CONSOLIDATION OF AUTHORITIES TO ORDER MEMBERS OF 
                   THE RESERVE COMPONENTS OF THE ARMED FORCES TO 
                   PERFORM DUTY.

       Section 515 of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
     Fiscal Year 2016 (Public Law 114-92; 129 Stat. 810) is 
     amended--
       (1) in the second sentence of subsection (b), by striking 
     ``such legislation as would be necessary to amend titles 10, 
     14, 32, and 37 of the United States Code and other provisions 
     of law in order

[[Page H8731]]

     to implement the Secretary's approach by October 1, 2018'' 
     and inserting ``legislation implementing the alternate 
     approach by April 30, 2019''; and
       (2) by adding at the end the following new subsection:
       ``(c) Attributes of Alternate Approach.--The Secretary of 
     Defense shall ensure the alternate approach described in 
     subsection (b)--
       ``(1) reduces the number of statutory authorities by which 
     members of the reserve components of the Armed Forces may be 
     ordered to perform duty to not more than 8 statutory 
     authorities grouped into 4 duty categories to which specific 
     pay and benefits may be aligned, which categories shall 
     include--
       ``(A) one duty category that shall generally reflect active 
     service performed in support of contingency type operations 
     or other military actions in support of the commander of a 
     combatant command;
       ``(B) a second duty category that shall--
       ``(i) generally reflect active service not described in 
     subparagraph (A); and
       ``(ii) consist of training, administration, operational 
     support, and full-time support of the reserve components;
       ``(C) a third duty category that shall--
       ``(i) generally reflect duty performed under direct 
     military supervision while not in active service; and
       ``(ii) include duty characterized by partial-day service; 
     and
       ``(D) a fourth duty category that shall--
       ``(i) generally reflect remote duty completed while not 
     under direct military supervision; and
       ``(ii) include completion of correspondence courses and 
     telework;
       ``(2) distinguishes among duty performed under titles 10, 
     14, and 32, United States Code, and ensures that the reasons 
     the members of the reserve components are utilized under the 
     statutory authorities which exist prior to the alternate 
     approach are preserved and can be tracked as separate and 
     distinct purposes;
       ``(3) minimizes, to the maximum extent practicable, 
     disruptions in pay and benefits for members, and adheres to 
     the principle that a member should receive pay and benefits 
     commensurate with the nature and performance of the member's 
     duties;
       ``(4) ensures the Secretary has the flexibility to meet 
     emerging requirements and to effectively manage the force; 
     and
       ``(5) aligns Department of Defense programming and 
     budgeting to the types of duty members perform.''.

     SEC. 514. PILOT PROGRAM ON USE OF RETIRED SENIOR ENLISTED 
                   MEMBERS OF THE ARMY NATIONAL GUARD AS ARMY 
                   NATIONAL GUARD RECRUITERS.

       (a) Pilot Program Authorized.--The Secretary of the Army 
     may carry out a pilot program for the Army National Guard 
     under which retired senior enlisted members of the Army 
     National Guard would serve as contract recruiters for the 
     Army National Guard.
       (b) Objectives of Pilot Program.--The Secretary of the Army 
     shall design any pilot program conducted under this section 
     to determine the following:
       (1) The feasibility and effectiveness of hiring retired 
     senior enlisted members of the Army National Guard who have 
     retired within the previous two years to serve as recruiters.
       (2) The merits of hiring such retired senior enlisted 
     members as contractors or as employees of the Department of 
     Defense.
       (3) The best method of providing a competitive compensation 
     package for such retired senior enlisted members.
       (4) The merits of requiring such retired senior enlisted 
     members to wear a military uniform while performing 
     recruiting duties under the pilot program.
       (c) Consultation.--In developing a pilot program under this 
     section, the Secretary of the Army shall consult with the 
     operators of a previous pilot program carried out by the Army 
     involving the use of contract recruiters.
       (d) Commencement and Duration.--The Secretary of the Army 
     may commence a pilot program under this section on or after 
     January 1, 2018, and all activities under such a pilot 
     program shall terminate no later than December 31, 2020.
       (e) Funding Source.--If a pilot program is conducted under 
     this section, the Secretary of the Army shall use funds 
     otherwise available for the National Guard Bureau to carry 
     out the program.
       (f) Reporting Requirement.--If a pilot program is conducted 
     under this section, the Secretary of the Army shall submit to 
     the Committees on Armed Services of the House of 
     Representatives and the Senate a report containing an 
     evaluation of the success of the pilot program, including the 
     determinations described in subsection (b). The report shall 
     be submitted not later than January 1, 2019.

                Subtitle C--General Service Authorities

   PART I--MATTERS RELATING TO DISCHARGE AND CORRECTION OF MILITARY 
                                RECORDS

     SEC. 520. CONSIDERATION OF ADDITIONAL MEDICAL EVIDENCE BY 
                   BOARDS FOR THE CORRECTION OF MILITARY RECORDS 
                   AND LIBERAL CONSIDERATION OF EVIDENCE RELATING 
                   TO POST-TRAUMATIC STRESS DISORDER OR TRAUMATIC 
                   BRAIN INJURY.

       (a) In General.--Section 1552 of title 10, United States 
     Code, is amended--
       (1) by redesignating subsections (h) and (i) as subsections 
     (i) and (j), respectively; and
       (2) by inserting after subsection (g) the following new 
     subsection (h):
       ``(h)(1) This subsection applies to a former member of the 
     armed forces whose claim under this section for review of a 
     discharge or dismissal is based in whole or in part on 
     matters relating to post-traumatic stress disorder or 
     traumatic brain injury as supporting rationale, or as 
     justification for priority consideration, and whose post-
     traumatic stress disorder or traumatic brain injury is 
     related to combat or military sexual trauma, as determined by 
     the Secretary concerned.
       ``(2) In the case of a claimant described in paragraph (1), 
     a board established under subsection (a)(1) shall--
       ``(A) review medical evidence of the Secretary of Veterans 
     Affairs or a civilian health care provider that is presented 
     by the claimant; and
       ``(B) review the claim with liberal consideration to the 
     claimant that post-traumatic stress disorder or traumatic 
     brain injury potentially contributed to the circumstances 
     resulting in the discharge or dismissal or to the original 
     characterization of the claimant's discharge or dismissal.''.
       (b) Conforming Amendment.--Section 1553(d)(3)(A)(ii) of 
     title 10, United States Code, is amended by striking 
     ``discharge of a lesser characterization'' and inserting 
     ``discharge or dismissal or to the original characterization 
     of the member's discharge or dismissal''.

     SEC. 521. PUBLIC AVAILABILITY OF INFORMATION RELATED TO 
                   DISPOSITION OF CLAIMS REGARDING DISCHARGE OR 
                   RELEASE OF MEMBERS OF THE ARMED FORCES WHEN THE 
                   CLAIMS INVOLVE SEXUAL ASSAULT.

       (a) Boards for the Correction of Military Records.--
     Subsection (i) of section 1552 of title 10, United States 
     Code, as redesignated by section 520(a)(1), is amended by 
     adding at the end the following new paragraph:
       ``(4) The number and disposition of claims decided during 
     the calendar quarter preceding the calendar quarter in which 
     such information is made available in which sexual assault is 
     alleged to have contributed, whether in whole or in part, to 
     the original characterization of the discharge or release of 
     the former member.''.
       (b) Discharge Review Boards.--Section 1553(f) of title 10, 
     United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the 
     following new paragraph:
       ``(4) The number and disposition of claims decided during 
     the calendar quarter preceding the calendar quarter in which 
     such information is made available in which sexual assault is 
     alleged to have contributed, whether in whole or in part, to 
     the original characterization of the discharge or release of 
     the former member.''.
       (c) Conforming Amendments.--
       (1) Boards for the correction of military records.--
     Subsection (i) of section 1552 of title 10, United States 
     Code, as redesignated by section 520(a)(1) and amended by 
     subsection (a), is further amended--
       (A) in paragraph (1), by striking ``claimant'' both places 
     it appears and inserting ``former member'';
       (B) in paragraph (2), by striking ``claimant'' and 
     inserting ``former member''; and
       (C) in paragraph (3), by striking ``claimants'' and 
     inserting ``former members''.
       (2) Discharge review boards.--Section 1553(f)(2) of title 
     10, United States Code, is amended by striking ``claimant'' 
     and inserting ``former member''.

     SEC. 522. CONFIDENTIAL REVIEW OF CHARACTERIZATION OF TERMS OF 
                   DISCHARGE OF MEMBERS WHO ARE VICTIMS OF SEX-
                   RELATED OFFENSES.

       (a) Codification of Current Confidential Process.--
       (1) Codification.--Chapter 79 of title 10, United States 
     Code, is amended by inserting after section 1554a a new 
     section 1554b consisting of--
       (A) a heading as follows:

     ``Sec. 1554b. Confidential review of characterization of 
       terms of discharge of members of the armed forces who are 
       victims of sex-related offenses''; and

       (B) a text consisting of the text of section 547 of the 
     National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2015 
     (Public Law 113-291; 10 U.S.C. 1553 note).
       (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at the 
     beginning of chapter 79 of such title is amended by inserting 
     after the item relating to section 1554a the following new 
     item:

``1554b. Confidential review of characterization of terms of discharge 
              of members of the armed forces who are victims of sex-
              related offenses.''.
       (3) Conforming repeal.--Section 547 of the National Defense 
     Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2015 (Public Law 113-291; 
     10 U.S.C. 1553 note) is repealed.
       (b) Clarification of Applicability to Individuals Who 
     Allege Sex-related Offenses During Military Service.--
     Subsection (a) of section 1554b of title 10, United States 
     Code, as added by subsection (a) of this section, is amended 
     by striking ``sex-related offense'' and inserting the 
     following: ``sex-related offense, or alleges that the 
     individual was the victim of a sex-related offense,''.
       (c) Conforming Amendments.--Section 1554b of title 10, 
     United States Code, as added by subsection (a), is further 
     amended--
       (1) by striking ``Armed Forces'' each place it appears in 
     subsections (a) and (b) and inserting ``armed forces'';
       (2) in subsection (a)--
       (A) by striking ``boards for the correction of military 
     records of the military department concerned'' and inserting 
     ``boards of the military department concerned established in 
     accordance with this chapter''; and
       (B) by striking ``such an offense'' and inserting ``a sex-
     related offense'';
       (3) in subsection (b), striking ``boards for the correction 
     of military records'' in the matter preceding paragraph (1) 
     and inserting ``boards of the military department concerned 
     established in accordance with this chapter''; and
       (4) in subsection (d)--
       (B) in paragraph (1), by striking ``title 10, United States 
     Code'' and inserting ``this title''; and

[[Page H8732]]

       (C) in paragraphs (2) and (3), by striking ``such title'' 
     and inserting ``this title''.

     SEC. 523. TRAINING REQUIREMENTS FOR MEMBERS OF BOARDS FOR THE 
                   CORRECTION OF MILITARY RECORDS AND PERSONNEL 
                   WHO INVESTIGATE CLAIMS OF RETALIATION.

       (a) Members of Boards for the Correction of Military 
     Records.--Section 534(c)(1) of the National Defense 
     Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328; 
     10 U.S.C. 1552 note) is amended by adding at the end the 
     following new sentence: ``This curriculum shall also address 
     the proper handling of claims in which a sex-related offense 
     is alleged to have contributed to the original 
     characterization of the discharge or release of the claimant, 
     including guidelines for the consideration of evidence 
     substantiating such allegations in accordance with the 
     requirements of section 1554b(b) of title 10, United States 
     Code, as added by section 522 of the National Defense 
     Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2018.''.
       (b) Department of Defense Personnel Who Investigate Claims 
     of Retaliation.--Section 546(a) of the National Defense 
     Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328) 
     is amended by striking ``section.'' and inserting ``section, 
     including guidelines for the consideration of evidence 
     substantiating such allegations in accordance with the 
     requirements of section 1554b(b) of title 10, United States 
     Code, as added by section 522 of the National Defense 
     Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2018.''.

     SEC. 524. PILOT PROGRAM ON USE OF VIDEO TELECONFERENCING 
                   TECHNOLOGY BY BOARDS FOR THE CORRECTION OF 
                   MILITARY RECORDS AND DISCHARGE REVIEW BOARDS.

       (a) Pilot Program Authorized.--The Secretary of Defense may 
     carry out a pilot program under which boards for the 
     correction of military records established under section 1552 
     of title 10, United States Code, and discharge review boards 
     established under section 1553 of such title are authorized 
     to utilize, in the performance of their duties, video 
     teleconferencing technology, to the extent such technology is 
     reasonably available and technically feasible.
       (b) Purpose.--The purpose of the pilot program is to 
     evaluate the feasibility and cost-effectiveness of utilizing 
     video teleconferencing technology to allow persons who raise 
     a claim before a board for the correction of military 
     records, persons who request a review by a discharge review 
     board, and witnesses who present evidence to such a board to 
     appear before such a board without being physically present.
       (c) Implementation.--As part of the pilot program, the 
     Secretary of Defense shall make funds available to develop 
     the capabilities of boards for the correction of military 
     records and discharge review boards to effectively use video 
     teleconferencing technology.
       (d) No Expansion of Eligibility.--Nothing in the pilot 
     program is intended to alter the eligibility criteria of 
     persons who may raise a claim before a board for the 
     correction of military records, request a review by a 
     discharge review board, or present evidence to such a board.
       (e) Termination.--The authority of the Secretary of Defense 
     to carry out the pilot program shall terminate on December 
     31, 2020.

               PART II--OTHER GENERAL SERVICE AUTHORITIES

     SEC. 526. MODIFICATION OF BASIS FOR EXTENSION OF PERIOD FOR 
                   ENLISTMENT IN THE ARMED FORCES UNDER THE 
                   DELAYED ENTRY PROGRAM.

       Section 513(b) of title 10, United States Code, is 
     amended--
       (1) by redesignating paragraph (2) as paragraph (4) and, in 
     such paragraph, by striking ``paragraph (1)'' and inserting 
     ``this subsection'';
       (2) by designating the second sentence of paragraph (1) as 
     paragraph (2) and indenting the left margin of such paragraph 
     (2) two ems to the right;
       (3) in paragraph (2), as so designated, by inserting 
     ``described in paragraph (1)'' after ``the 365-day period''; 
     and
       (4) by inserting after paragraph (2), as so designated, the 
     following new paragraph (3):
       ``(3)(A) The Secretary concerned may extend by up to an 
     additional 365 days the period of extension under paragraph 
     (2) for a person who enlisted before October 1, 2017, under 
     section 504(b)(2) of this title if the Secretary determines 
     that the period of extension under this paragraph is required 
     for the performance of adequate background and security 
     reviews of that person.
       ``(B) A person whose period of extension under paragraph 
     (2) is extended under this paragraph shall undergo all 
     security and suitability screening requirements and receive a 
     favorable military security suitability determination before 
     entering into service in a regular or reserve component. 
     Screening priority shall be given to those persons who were 
     enlisted for a military occupational specialty that requires 
     specialized language or medical skills that are vital to the 
     national interest.
       ``(C) The authority to make an extension under this 
     paragraph shall expire one year after the date of the 
     enactment of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
     Fiscal Year 2018. The expiration of such authority shall not 
     effect the validity of any extension made in accordance with 
     this paragraph on or before that date.''.

     SEC. 527. REAUTHORIZATION OF AUTHORITY TO ORDER RETIRED 
                   MEMBERS TO ACTIVE DUTY IN HIGH-DEMAND, LOW-
                   DENSITY ASSIGNMENTS.

       Section 688a(f) of title 10, United States Code, is amended 
     by striking ``after December 31, 2011.'' and inserting 
     ``outside a period as follows:
       ``(1) The period beginning on December 2, 2002, and ending 
     on December 31, 2011.
       ``(2) The period beginning on the date of the enactment of 
     the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2018 
     and ending on December 31, 2022.''.

     SEC. 528. NOTIFICATION OF MEMBERS OF THE ARMED FORCES 
                   UNDERGOING CERTAIN ADMINISTRATIVE SEPARATIONS 
                   OF POTENTIAL ELIGIBILITY FOR VETERANS BENEFITS.

       (a) Notification Required.--A member of the Armed Forces 
     who receives an administrative separation or mandatory 
     discharge under conditions other than honorable shall be 
     provided written notification that the member may petition 
     the Veterans Benefits Administration of the Department of 
     Veterans Affairs to receive, despite the characterization of 
     the member's service, certain benefits under the laws 
     administered by the Secretary of Veterans Affairs.
       (b) Deadline for Notification.--Notification under 
     subsection (a) shall be provided to a member described in 
     such subsection in conjunction with the member's notification 
     of the administrative separation or mandatory discharge or as 
     soon thereafter as practicable.

     SEC. 529. EXTENSION OF AUTHORITY OF THE SECRETARY OF VETERANS 
                   AFFAIRS TO PROVIDE FOR THE CONDUCT OF MEDICAL 
                   DISABILITY EXAMINATIONS BY CONTRACT PHYSICIANS.

       Section 704(c) of the Veterans Benefits Act of 2003 (Public 
     Law 108-183; 38 U.S.C. 5101 note) is amended by striking 
     ``December 31, 2017'' and inserting ``December 31, 2018''.

     SEC. 530. PROVISION OF INFORMATION ON NATURALIZATION THROUGH 
                   MILITARY SERVICE.

       The Secretary of Defense shall ensure that members of the 
     Army, Navy, Air Force, and Marine Corps who are aliens 
     lawfully admitted to the United States for permanent 
     residence are informed of the availability of naturalization 
     through service in the Armed Forces under section 328 of the 
     Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1439) and the 
     process by which to pursue naturalization. The Secretary 
     shall ensure that resources are available to assist qualified 
     members of the Armed Forces to navigate the application and 
     naturalization process.

          Subtitle D--Military Justice and Other Legal Issues

     SEC. 531. CLARIFYING AMENDMENTS RELATED TO THE UNIFORM CODE 
                   OF MILITARY JUSTICE REFORM BY THE MILITARY 
                   JUSTICE ACT OF 2016.

       (a) Enforcement of Rights of Victims of Offenses Under 
     UCMJ.--Section 806b(e)(3) of title 10, United States Code 
     (article 6b(e)(3) of the Uniform Code of Military Justice), 
     is amended--
       (1) by inserting ``(A)'' after ``(3)'';
       (2) by striking ``President, and, to the extent 
     practicable, shall have priority over all other proceedings 
     before the court.'' and inserting the following; ``President, 
     subject to section 830a of this title (article 30a).''; and
       (3) by adding at the end the following new subparagraphs:
       ``(B) To the extent practicable, a petition for a writ of 
     mandamus described in this subsection shall have priority 
     over all other proceedings before the Court of Criminal 
     Appeals.
       ``(C) Review of any decision of the Court of Criminal 
     Appeals on a petition for a writ of mandamus described in 
     this subsection shall have priority in the Court of Appeals 
     for the Armed Forces, as determined under the rules of the 
     Court of Appeals for the Armed Forces.''.
       (b) Review of Certain Matters Before Referral of Charges 
     and Specifications.--Subsection (a)(1) of section 830a of 
     title 10, United States Code (article 30a of the Uniform Code 
     of Military Justice), as added by section 5202 of the 
     Military Justice Act of 2016 (division E of Public Law 114-
     328; 130 Stat. 2904), is amended--
       (1) in the matter preceding subparagraph (A), by inserting 
     ``, or otherwise act on,'' after ``to review''; and
       (2) by adding at the end the following new subparagraph:
       ``(D) Pre-referral matters under subsection (c) or (e) of 
     section 806b of this title (article 6b).''.
       (c) Defense Counsel Assistance in Post-trial Matters for 
     Accused Convicted by Court-martial.--Section 838(c)(2) of 
     title 10, United States Code (article 38(c)(2) of the Uniform 
     Code of Military Justice), is amended by striking ``section 
     860 of this title (article 60)'' and inserting ``section 860, 
     860a, or 860b of this title (article 60, 60a, or 60b)''.
       (d) Limitation on Acceptance of Plea Agreements.--Section 
     853a of title 10, United States Code (article 53a of the 
     Uniform Code of Military Justice), as added by section 5237 
     of the Military Justice Act of 2016 (division E of Public Law 
     114-328; 130 Stat. 2917), is amended--
       (1) in subsection (b)--
       (A) in paragraph (2), by striking ``or'' after the 
     semicolon;
       (B) in paragraph (3), by striking the period and inserting 
     a semicolon; and
       (C) by adding at the end the following new paragraphs:
       ``(4) is prohibited by law; or
       ``(5) is contrary to, or is inconsistent with, a regulation 
     prescribed by the President with respect to terms, 
     conditions, or other aspects of plea agreements.''; and
       (2) in subsection (d), by striking ``shall bind the parties 
     and the military judge'' and inserting ``shall bind the 
     parties and the court-martial''.
       (e) Applicability of Standards and Procedures to Sentence 
     Appeal by the United States.--Subsection (d)(1) of section 
     856 of title 10, United States Code (article 56 of the 
     Uniform Code of Military Justice), as added by section 5301 
     of the Military Justice Act of 2016 (division E of Public Law 
     114-328; 130 Stat. 2919), is amended--
       (1) in the matter preceding subparagraph (A), by inserting 
     after ``concerned,'' the following:

[[Page H8733]]

     ``and consistent with standards and procedures set forth in 
     regulations prescribed by the President,''; and
       (2) in subparagraph (B), by inserting before the period at 
     the end the following: ``, as determined in accordance with 
     standards and procedures prescribed by the President''.
       (f) Sentence of Reduction in Enlisted Grade.--
       (1) In general.--Subsection (a) of section 858a of title 
     10, United States Code (article 58a of the Uniform Code of 
     Military Justice), as amended by section 5303(1) of the 
     Military Justice Act of 2016 (division E of Public Law 114-
     328; 130 Stat. 2923), is further amended in the matter after 
     paragraph (3) by striking ``, effective on the date'' and 
     inserting the following: ``, if such a reduction is 
     authorized by regulation prescribed by the President. The 
     reduction in pay grade shall take effect on the date''.
       (2) Section heading.--The heading of section 858a of title 
     10, United States Code (article 58a of the Uniform Code of 
     Military Justice), is amended to read as follows:

     ``Sec. 858a. Art. 58a. Sentences: reduction in enlisted 
       grade''.

       (3) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at the 
     beginning of subchapter VIII of chapter 47 of title 10, 
     United States Code (the Uniform Code of Military Justice), is 
     amended by striking the item relating to section 858a 
     (article 58a) and inserting the following new item:

``858a. 58a. Sentences: reduction in enlisted grade.''.
       (g) Convening Authority Authorities.--Section 858b(b) of 
     title 10, United States Code (article 58b(b) of the Uniform 
     Code of Military Justice), is amended in the first sentence 
     by striking ``section 860 of this title (article 60)'' and 
     inserting ``section 860a or 860b of this title (article 60a 
     or 60b)''.
       (h) Appeal by the United States.--Section 862(b) of title 
     10, United States Code (article 62(b) of the Uniform Code of 
     Military Justice), is amended by striking ``, notwithstanding 
     section 866(c) of this title (article 66(c))''.
       (i) Rehearing and Sentencing.--Subsection (b) of section 
     863 of title 10, United States Code (article 63 of the 
     Uniform Code of Military Justice), as added by section 5327 
     of the Military Justice Act of 2016 (division E of Public Law 
     114-328; 130 Stat. 2929), is amended by inserting before the 
     period at the end the following: ``, subject to such 
     limitations as the President may prescribe by regulation''.
       (j) Courts of Criminal Appeals.--Section 866 of title 10, 
     United States Code (article 66 of the Uniform Code of 
     Military Justice), as amended by section 5330 of the Military 
     Justice Act of 2016 (division E of Public Law 114-328; 130 
     Stat. 2932), is further amended--
       (1) in subsection (e)(2)(C), by inserting after 
     ``required'' the following: ``by regulation prescribed by the 
     President or''; and
       (2) in subsection (f)(3)--
       (A) by inserting ``of Criminal Appeals'' after ``Court'' 
     the first time it appears; and
       (B) by adding at the end the following new sentence: ``If 
     the Court of Appeals for the Armed Forces determines that 
     additional proceedings are warranted, the Court of Criminal 
     Appeals shall order a hearing or other proceeding in 
     accordance with the direction of the Court of Appeals for the 
     Armed Forces.''.
       (k) Military Justice Review Panel.--Subsection (f) of 
     section 946 of title 10, United States Code (article 146 of 
     the Uniform Code of Military Justice), as added by section 
     5521 of the Military Justice Act of 2016 (division E of 
     Public Law 114-328; 130 Stat. 2962), is amended--
       (1) in paragraph (1), by striking ``fiscal year 2020'' in 
     the first sentence and inserting ``fiscal year 2021'';
       (2) in paragraph (2), by striking the sentence beginning 
     ``Not later than'' and inserting the following new sentence: 
     ``The analysis under this paragraph shall be included in the 
     assessment required by paragraph (1).''; and
       (3) by striking paragraph (5) and inserting the following 
     new paragraph (5):
       ``(5) Reports.--With respect to each review and assessment 
     under this subsection, the Panel shall submit a report to the 
     Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of 
     Representatives. Each report--
       ``(A) shall set forth the results of the review and 
     assessment concerned, including the findings and 
     recommendations of the Panel; and
       ``(B) shall be submitted not later than December 31 of the 
     calendar year in which the review and assessment is 
     concluded.''.
       (l) Transitional Compensation for Dependents of Members 
     Separated for Dependent Abuse.--Section 1059(e) of title 10, 
     United States Code, is amended--
       (1) in paragraph (1)(A)(ii), by striking ``the approval 
     of'' and all that follows through ``as approved,'' and 
     inserting ``entry of judgment under section 860c of this 
     title (article 60c of the Uniform Code of Military Justice) 
     if the sentence''; and
       (2) in paragraph (3)(A), by striking ``by a court-martial'' 
     the second place it appears and all that follows through 
     ``include any such punishment,'' and inserting ``for a 
     dependent-abuse offense and the conviction is disapproved or 
     is otherwise not part of the judgment under section 860c of 
     this title (article 60c of the Uniform Code of Military 
     Justice) or the punishment is disapproved or is otherwise not 
     part of the judgment under such section (article),''.
       (m) Benefits for Dependents Who Are Victims of Abuse by 
     Members Losing Right to Retired Pay.--Section 1408(h)(10)(A) 
     of title 10, United States Code, is amended by striking ``the 
     approval'' and all that follows through the end of the 
     subparagraph and inserting ``entry of judgment under section 
     860c of this title (article 60c of the Uniform Code of 
     Military Justice).''.
       (n) Treatment of Certain Offenses Pending Execution of 
     Military Justice Act of 2016 Amendments.--
       (1) Applicability to certain cases.--Section 5542(c)(1) of 
     the Military Justice Act of 2016 (division E of Public Law 
     114-328; 130 Stat. 2967) is amended by inserting after 
     ``shall apply to a case in which'' the following: ``a 
     specification alleges the commission, before the effective 
     date of such amendments, of one or more offenses or to a case 
     in which''.
       (2) Child abuse offenses.--With respect to offenses 
     committed before the date designated by the President under 
     section 5542(a) of the Military Justice Act of 2016 (division 
     E of Public Law 114-328; 130 Stat. 2967), subsection 
     (b)(2)(B) of section 843 of title 10, United States Code 
     (article 43 of the Uniform Code of Military Justice), shall 
     be applied as in effect on December 22, 2016.
       (3) Fraudulent enlistment or appointment offenses.--With 
     respect to the period beginning on December 23, 2016, and 
     ending on the day before the date designated by the President 
     under section 5542(a) of the Military Justice Act of 2016 
     (division E of Public Law 114-328; 130 Stat. 2967), in the 
     application of subsection (h) of section 843 of title 10, 
     United States Code (article 43 of the Uniform Code of 
     Military Justice), as added by section 5225(b) of that Act 
     (130 Stat. 2909), the reference in such subsection (h) to 
     section 904a(1) of title 10, United States Code (article 
     104a(1) of the Uniform Code of Military Justice), shall be 
     deemed to be a reference to section 883(1) of title 10, 
     United States Code (article 83(1) of the Uniform Code of 
     Military Justice).
       (o) Sentencing in Certain Transitional Cases.--
       (1) In general.--In any transition-period court-martial, 
     the relevant sentencing sections of chapter 47 of title 10, 
     United States Code (the Uniform Code of Military Justice), 
     shall be applied as follows:
       (A) Except as provided in subparagraph (B), the relevant 
     sentencing sections shall be applied as if the amendments to 
     such sections made by the Military Justice Act of 2016 
     (division E of Public Law 114-328) and this section had not 
     been enacted.
       (B) If the accused so requests, the relevant sentencing 
     sections shall be applied as amended by the Military Justice 
     Act of 2016 (division E of Public Law 114-328) and this 
     section.
       (2) Definitions.--In this subsection:
       (A) Transition-period court-martial.--The term 
     ``transition-period court-martial'' means a court-martial 
     under chapter 47 of title 10, United States Code (the Uniform 
     Code of Military Justice), that consists of both of the 
     following:
       (i) A prosecution of one or more offenses committed before 
     the date designated by the President under section 5542(a) of 
     the Military Justice Act of 2016 (division E of Public Law 
     114-328; 130 Stat. 2967).
       (ii) A prosecution of one or more offenses committed on or 
     after that date.
       (B) Relevant sentencing sections.--The term ``relevant 
     sentencing sections'' means section 856 of title 10, United 
     States Code (article 56 of the Uniform Code of Military 
     Justice), and any other sections (articles) of chapter 47 of 
     title 10, United States Code (the Uniform Code of Military 
     Justice), that, by regulation prescribed by the President, 
     are designated as relevant to sentencing for the purposes of 
     paragraph (1).
       (p) Effective Date.--The amendments made by this section 
     shall take effect immediately after the amendments made by 
     the Military Justice Act of 2016 (division E of Public Law 
     114-328) take effect as provided for in section 5542 of that 
     Act (130 Stat. 2967).

     SEC. 532. ENHANCEMENT OF EFFECTIVE PROSECUTION AND DEFENSE IN 
                   COURTS-MARTIAL AND RELATED MATTERS.

       (a) Additional Element in Program for Effective Prosecution 
     and Defense.--Section 542(a)(1) of the National Defense 
     Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328; 
     10 U.S.C. 827 note) is amended by inserting before the 
     semicolon the following: ``or there is adequate supervision 
     and oversight of trial counsel and defense counsel so 
     detailed to ensure effective prosecution and defense in the 
     court-martial''.
       (b) Use of Civilian Employees to Advise Less Experienced 
     Judge Advocates in Prosecution and Defense.--Section 542 of 
     the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017 
     (Public Law 114-328; 10 U.S.C. 827 note) is further amended--
       (1) by redesignating subsections (c) and (d) as subsections 
     (d) and (e), respectively; and
       (2) by inserting after subsection (b) the following new 
     subsection (c):
       ``(c) Use of Civilian Employees to Advise Less Experienced 
     Judge Advocates in Prosecution and Defense.--The Secretary 
     concerned may use highly qualified experts and other civilian 
     employees who are under the jurisdiction of the Secretary 
     concerned, are available, and are experienced in the 
     prosecution or defense of complex criminal cases to provide 
     assistance to, and consult with, less experienced judge 
     advocates throughout the court-martial process.''.
       (c) Pilot Programs on Professional Developmental Process 
     for Judge Advocates.--Subsection (d) of section 542 of the 
     National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017 
     (Public Law 114-328; 10 U.S.C. 827 note), as redesignated by 
     subsection (b)(1) of this section, is amended--
       (1) in paragraph (1), by striking ``establishing'' and all 
     that follows and inserting ``a military justice career track 
     for judge advocates under the jurisdiction of the 
     Secretary.'';
       (2) by redesignating paragraph (4) as paragraph (5); and
       (3) by inserting after paragraph (3) the following new 
     paragraph (4):
       ``(4) Elements.--Each pilot program shall include the 
     following:
       ``(A) A military justice career track for judge advocates 
     that leads to judge advocates with

[[Page H8734]]

     military justice expertise in the grade of colonel, or in the 
     grade of captain in the case of judge advocates of the Navy.
       ``(B) The use of skill identifiers to identify judge 
     advocates for participation in the pilot program from among 
     judge advocates having appropriate skill and experience in 
     military justice matters.
       ``(C) Guidance for promotion boards considering the 
     selection for promotion of officers participating in the 
     pilot program in order to ensure that judge advocates who are 
     participating in the pilot program have the same opportunity 
     for promotion as all other judge advocate officers being 
     considered for promotion by such boards.
       ``(D) Such other matters as the Secretary concerned 
     considers appropriate.''.

     SEC. 533. PUNITIVE ARTICLE UNDER THE UNIFORM CODE OF MILITARY 
                   JUSTICE ON WRONGFUL BROADCAST OR DISTRIBUTION 
                   OF INTIMATE VISUAL IMAGES OR VISUAL IMAGES OF 
                   SEXUALLY EXPLICIT CONDUCT.

       (a) Prohibition.--Subchapter X of chapter 47 of title 10, 
     United States Code, is amended by inserting after section 917 
     (article 117 of the Uniform Code of Military Justice) the 
     following new section (article):

     ``Sec. 917a. Art. 117a. Wrongful broadcast or distribution of 
       intimate visual images

       ``(a) Prohibition.--Any person subject to this chapter--
       ``(1) who knowingly and wrongfully broadcasts or 
     distributes an intimate visual image of another person or a 
     visual image of sexually explicit conduct involving a person 
     who--
       ``(A) is at least 18 years of age at the time the intimate 
     visual image or visual image of sexually explicit conduct was 
     created;
       ``(B) is identifiable from the intimate visual image or 
     visual image of sexually explicit conduct itself, or from 
     information displayed in connection with the intimate visual 
     image or visual image of sexually explicit conduct; and
       ``(C) does not explicitly consent to the broadcast or 
     distribution of the intimate visual image or visual image of 
     sexually explicit conduct;
       ``(2) who knows or reasonably should have known that the 
     intimate visual image or visual image of sexually explicit 
     conduct was made under circumstances in which the person 
     depicted in the intimate visual image or visual image of 
     sexually explicit conduct retained a reasonable expectation 
     of privacy regarding any broadcast or distribution of the 
     intimate visual image or visual image of sexually explicit 
     conduct;
       ``(3) who knows or reasonably should have known that the 
     broadcast or distribution of the intimate visual image or 
     visual image of sexually explicit conduct is likely--
       ``(A) to cause harm, harassment, intimidation, emotional 
     distress, or financial loss for the person depicted in the 
     intimate visual image or visual image of sexually explicit 
     conduct; or
       ``(B) to harm substantially the depicted person with 
     respect to that person's health, safety, business, calling, 
     career, financial condition, reputation, or personal 
     relationships; and
       ``(4) whose conduct, under the circumstances, had a 
     reasonably direct and palpable connection to a military 
     mission or military environment,
     is guilty of wrongful distribution of intimate visual images 
     or visual images of sexually explicit conduct and shall be 
     punished as a court-martial may direct.
       ``(b) Definitions.--In this section:
       ``(1) Broadcast.--The term `broadcast' means to 
     electronically transmit a visual image with the intent that 
     it be viewed by a person or persons.
       ``(2) Distribute.--The term `distribute' means to deliver 
     to the actual or constructive possession of another person, 
     including transmission by mail or electronic means.
       ``(3) Intimate visual image.--The term `intimate visual 
     image' means a visual image that depicts a private area of a 
     person.
       ``(4) Private area.--The term `private area' means the 
     naked or underwear-clad genitalia, anus, buttocks, or female 
     areola or nipple.
       ``(5) Reasonable expectation of privacy.--The term 
     `reasonable expectation of privacy' means circumstances in 
     which a reasonable person would believe that a private area 
     of the person, or sexually explicit conduct involving the 
     person, would not be visible to the public.
       ``(6) Sexually explicit conduct.--The term `sexually 
     explicit conduct' means actual or simulated genital-genital 
     contact, oral-genital contact, anal-genital contact, or oral-
     anal contact, whether between persons of the same or opposite 
     sex, bestiality, masturbation, or sadistic or masochistic 
     abuse.
       ``(7) Visual image.--The term `visual image' means the 
     following:
       ``(A) Any developed or undeveloped photograph, picture, 
     film, or video.
       ``(B) Any digital or computer image, picture, film, or 
     video made by any means, including those transmitted by any 
     means, including streaming media, even if not stored in a 
     permanent format.
       ``(C) Any digital or electronic data capable of conversion 
     into a visual image.''.
       (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the 
     beginning of subchapter X of chapter 47 of title 10, United 
     States Code (the Uniform Code of Military Justice), is 
     amended by inserting after the item relating to section 917 
     (article 117) the following new item:

``917a. 117a. Wrongful broadcast or distribution of intimate visual 
              images.''.

     SEC. 534. GARNISHMENT TO SATISFY JUDGMENT RENDERED FOR 
                   PHYSICALLY, SEXUALLY, OR EMOTIONALLY ABUSING A 
                   CHILD.

       (a) Garnishment Authority.--Section 1408 of title 10, 
     United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the 
     following new subsection:
       ``(l) Garnishment To Satisfy a Judgment Rendered for 
     Physically, Sexually, or Emotionally Abusing a Child.--(1) 
     Subject to paragraph (2), any payment of retired pay that 
     would otherwise be made to a member shall be paid (in whole 
     or in part) by the Secretary concerned to another person if 
     and to the extent expressly provided for in the terms of a 
     child abuse garnishment order.
       ``(2) A court order providing for the payment of child 
     support or alimony or, with respect to a division of 
     property, specifically providing for the payment of an amount 
     of the disposable retired pay from a member to the spouse or 
     a former spouse of the member, shall be given priority over a 
     child abuse garnishment order. The total amount of the 
     disposable retired pay of a member payable under a child 
     abuse garnishment order shall not exceed 25 percent of the 
     member's disposable retired pay.
       ``(3) In this subsection, the term `court order' includes a 
     child abuse garnishment order.
       ``(4) In this subsection, the term `child abuse garnishment 
     order' means a final decree issued by a court that--
       ``(A) is issued in accordance with the laws of the 
     jurisdiction of that court; and
       ``(B) provides in the nature of garnishment for the 
     enforcement of a judgment rendered against the member for 
     physically, sexually, or emotionally abusing a child.
       ``(5) For purposes of this subsection, a judgment rendered 
     for physically, sexually, or emotionally abusing a child is 
     any legal claim perfected through a final enforceable 
     judgment, which claim is based in whole or in part upon the 
     physical, sexual, or emotional abuse of an individual under 
     18 years of age, whether or not that abuse is accompanied by 
     other actionable wrongdoing, such as sexual exploitation or 
     gross negligence.
       ``(6) If the Secretary concerned is served with more than 
     one court order with respect to the retired pay of a member, 
     the disposable retired pay of the member shall be available 
     to satisfy such court orders on a first-come, first-served 
     basis, subject to the order of precedence specified in 
     paragraph (2), with any such process being satisfied out of 
     such monies as remain after the satisfaction of all such 
     processes which have been previously served.
       ``(7) The Secretary concerned shall not be required to vary 
     normal pay and disbursement cycles for retired pay in order 
     to comply with a child abuse garnishment order.''.
       (b) Application of Amendment.--Subsection (l) of section 
     1408 of title 10, United States Code, as added by subsection 
     (a), shall apply with respect to a court order received by 
     the Secretary concerned on or after the date of the enactment 
     of this Act, regardless of the date of the court order.

     SEC. 535. SEXUAL ASSAULT PREVENTION AND RESPONSE TRAINING FOR 
                   ALL INDIVIDUALS ENLISTED IN THE ARMED FORCES 
                   UNDER A DELAYED ENTRY PROGRAM.

       (a) Training Required.--Commencing not later than 180 days 
     after the date of the enactment of this Act, each Secretary 
     concerned shall, insofar as practicable, provide training on 
     sexual assault prevention and response to each individual 
     under the jurisdiction of such Secretary who is enlisted in 
     the Armed Forces under a delayed entry program such that each 
     such individual completes such training before the date of 
     commencement of basic training or initial active duty for 
     training in the Armed Forces.
       (b) Training Elements.--The training provided pursuant to 
     subsection (a)--
       (1) shall, to the extent practicable, be uniform across the 
     Armed Forces;
       (2) should be provided through in-person instruction, 
     whenever possible;
       (3) should include instruction on the proper use of social 
     media; and
       (4) shall meet such other requirements as the Secretary of 
     Defense may establish.
       (c) Definitions.--In this section:
       (1) The term ``delayed entry program'' means the following:
       (A) The Future Soldiers Program of the Army.
       (B) The Delayed Entry Program of the Navy and the Marine 
     Corps.
       (C) The program of the Air Force for the delayed entry of 
     enlistees into the Air Force.
       (D) The program of the Coast Guard for the delayed entry of 
     enlistees into the Coast Guard.
       (E) Any successor program to a program referred to in 
     subparagraphs (A) through (D).
       (2) The term ``Secretary concerned'' has the meaning given 
     that term in section 101(a)(9) of title 10, United States 
     Code.

     SEC. 536. SPECIAL VICTIMS' COUNSEL TRAINING REGARDING THE 
                   UNIQUE CHALLENGES OFTEN FACED BY MALE VICTIMS 
                   OF SEXUAL ASSAULT.

       The baseline Special Victims' Counsel training established 
     under section 1044e(d)(2) of title 10, United States Code, 
     shall include training for Special Victims' Counsel to 
     recognize and deal with the unique challenges often faced by 
     male victims of sexual assault.

     SEC. 537. INCLUSION OF INFORMATION IN ANNUAL SAPRO REPORTS 
                   REGARDING MILITARY SEXUAL HARASSMENT AND 
                   INCIDENTS INVOLVING NONCONSENSUAL DISTRIBUTION 
                   OF PRIVATE SEXUAL IMAGES.

       (a) Additional Reporting Requirements.--Section 1631(b) of 
     the Ike Skelton National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
     Year 2011 (Public Law 111-383; 10 U.S.C. 1561 note) is 
     amended by adding at the end the following new paragraphs:
       ``(13) Information and data collected through formal and 
     informal reports of sexual harassment involving members of 
     the Armed Forces during the year covered by the report, as 
     follows:
       ``(A) The number of substantiated and unsubstantiated 
     reports.
       ``(B) A synopsis of each substantiated report.

[[Page H8735]]

       ``(C) The action taken in the case of each substantiated 
     report, including the type of disciplinary or administrative 
     sanction imposed, if any, such as--
       ``(i) conviction and sentence by court-martial;
       ``(ii) imposition of non-judicial punishment under section 
     815 of title 10, United States Code (article 15 of the 
     Uniform Code of Military Justice); or
       ``(iii) administrative separation or other type of 
     administrative action imposed.
       ``(14) Information and data collected during the year 
     covered by the report on each reported incident involving the 
     nonconsensual distribution by a person subject to chapter 47 
     of title 10, United States Code (the Uniform Code of Military 
     Justice), of a private sexual image of another person, 
     including the following:
       ``(A) The number of substantiated and unsubstantiated 
     reports.
       ``(B) A synopsis of each substantiated report.
       ``(C) The action taken in the case of each substantiated 
     report, including the type of disciplinary or administrative 
     sanction imposed, if any, such as--
       ``(i) conviction and sentence by court-martial;
       ``(ii) imposition of non-judicial punishment under section 
     815 of title 10, United States Code (article 15 of the 
     Uniform Code of Military Justice); or
       ``(iii) administrative separation or other type of 
     administrative action imposed.''.
       (b) Application of Amendment.--The amendment made by this 
     section shall take effect on the date of the enactment of 
     this Act and apply beginning with the reports required to be 
     submitted by March 1, 2020, under section 1631 of the Ike 
     Skelton National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 
     2011 (Public Law 111-383; 10 U.S.C. 1561 note).

     SEC. 538. INCLUSION OF INFORMATION IN ANNUAL SAPRO REPORTS 
                   REGARDING SEXUAL ASSAULTS COMMITTED BY A MEMBER 
                   OF THE ARMED FORCES AGAINST THE MEMBER'S SPOUSE 
                   OR OTHER FAMILY MEMBER.

       Beginning with the reports required to be submitted by 
     March 1, 2019, under section 1631 of the Ike Skelton National 
     Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2011 (Public Law 
     111-383; 10 U.S.C. 1561 note), information regarding a sexual 
     assault committed by a member of the Armed Forces against the 
     spouse or intimate partner of the member or another dependent 
     of the member shall be included in such reports in addition 
     to the annual Family Advocacy Program report. The information 
     may be included as an annex to such reports.

   Subtitle E--Member Education, Training, Resilience, and Transition

     SEC. 541. ELEMENT IN PRESEPARATION COUNSELING FOR MEMBERS OF 
                   THE ARMED FORCES ON ASSISTANCE AND SUPPORT 
                   SERVICES FOR CAREGIVERS OF CERTAIN VETERANS 
                   THROUGH THE DEPARTMENT OF VETERANS AFFAIRS.

       (a) In General.--Section 1142(b) of title 10, United States 
     Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new 
     paragraph:
       ``(18) A description, developed in consultation with the 
     Secretary of Veterans Affairs, of the assistance and support 
     services for family caregivers of eligible veterans under the 
     program conducted by the Secretary of Veterans Affairs 
     pursuant to section 1720G of title 38, including the veterans 
     covered by the program, the caregivers eligible for 
     assistance and support through the program, and the 
     assistance and support available through the program.''.
       (b) Participation of Potential Caregivers in Appropriate 
     Preseparation Counseling.--
       (1) In general.--In accordance with procedures established 
     by the Secretary of Defense, each Secretary of a military 
     department shall take appropriate actions to achieve the 
     following:
       (A) To determine whether each member of the Armed Forces 
     under the jurisdiction of such Secretary who is undergoing 
     preseparation counseling pursuant to section 1142 of title 
     10, United States Code (as amended by subsection (a)), and 
     who may require caregiver services after separation from the 
     Armed Forces has identified an individual to provide such 
     services after the member's separation.
       (B) In the case of a member described in subparagraph (A) 
     who has identified an individual to provide caregiver 
     services after the member's separation, at the election of 
     the member, to permit such individual to participate in 
     appropriate sessions of the member's preseparation counseling 
     in order to inform such individual of--
       (i) the assistance and support services available to 
     caregivers of members after separation from the Armed Forces; 
     and
       (ii) the manner in which the member's transition to 
     civilian life after separation may likely affect such 
     individual as a caregiver.
       (2) Caregivers.--For purposes of this subsection, 
     individuals who provide caregiver services refers to 
     individuals (including a spouse, partner, parent, sibling, 
     adult child, other relative, or friend) who provide physical 
     or emotional assistance to former members of the Armed Forces 
     during and after their transition from military life to 
     civilian life following separation from the Armed Forces.
       (3) Deadline for commencement.--Each Secretary of a miliary 
     department shall commence the actions required pursuant to 
     this subsection by not later than 180 days after the date of 
     the enactment of this Act.

     SEC. 542. IMPROVED EMPLOYMENT ASSISTANCE FOR MEMBERS OF THE 
                   ARMY, NAVY, AIR FORCE, AND MARINE CORPS AND 
                   VETERANS.

       (a) Improved Employment Skills Verification.--Section 
     1143(a) of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
       (1) by inserting ``(1)'' before ``The Secretary of 
     Defense''; and
       (2) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
       ``(2) In order to improve the accuracy and completeness of 
     a certification or verification of job skills and experience 
     required by paragraph (1), the Secretary of Defense shall--
       ``(A) establish a database to record all training performed 
     by members of the Army, Navy, Air Force, and Marine Corps 
     that may have application to employment in the civilian 
     sector; and
       ``(B) make unclassified information regarding such 
     information available to States and other potential employers 
     referred to in subsection (c) so that State and other 
     entities may allow military training to satisfy licensing or 
     certification requirements to engage in a civilian 
     profession.''.
       (b) Improved Accuracy of Certificates of Training and 
     Skills.--Section 1143(a) of title 10, United States Code, is 
     further amended by inserting after paragraph (2), as added by 
     subsection (a), the following new paragraph:
       ``(3) The Secretary of Defense shall ensure that a 
     certification or verification of job skills and experience 
     required by paragraph (1) is rendered in such a way that 
     States and other potential employers can confirm the accuracy 
     and authenticity of the certification or verification.''.
       (c) Improved Responsiveness to Certification Requests.--
     Section 1143(c) of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
       (1) by inserting ``(1)'' before ``For the purpose''; and
       (2) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
       ``(2)(A) A State may--
       ``(i) use a certification or verification of job skills and 
     experience provided to a member of the armed forces under 
     subsection (a); and
       ``(ii) in the case of members of the Army, Navy, Air Force, 
     and Marine Corps, request the Department of Defense to 
     confirm the accuracy and authenticity of the certification or 
     verification.
       ``(B) A response confirming or denying the information 
     shall be provided within five business days.''.
       (d) Improved Notice to Members.--Section 1142(b)(4)(A) of 
     title 10, United States Code, is amended by inserting before 
     the semicolon the following: ``, including State-submitted 
     and approved lists of military training and skills that 
     satisfy occupational certifications and licenses''.

     SEC. 543. LIMITATION ON RELEASE OF MILITARY SERVICE ACADEMY 
                   GRADUATES TO PARTICIPATE IN PROFESSIONAL 
                   ATHLETICS.

       (a) United States Military Academy.--Section 4348(a) of 
     title 10, United States Code, is amended by adding at the end 
     the following new paragraph:
       ``(5) That the cadet--
       ``(A) will not seek release from the cadet's commissioned 
     service obligation to obtain employment as a professional 
     athlete following graduation until the cadet completes a 
     period of at least two consecutive years of commissioned 
     service; and
       ``(B) understands that the appointment alternative 
     described in paragraph (3) will not be used to allow the 
     cadet to obtain such employment until at least the end of 
     that two-year period.''.
       (b) United States Naval Academy.--Section 6959(a) of title 
     10, United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the 
     following new paragraph:
       ``(5) That the midshipman--
       ``(A) will not seek release from the midshipman's 
     commissioned service obligation to obtain employment as a 
     professional athlete following graduation until the 
     midshipman completes a period of at least two consecutive 
     years of commissioned service; and
       ``(B) understands that the appointment alternative 
     described in paragraph (3) will not be used to allow the 
     midshipman to obtain such employment until at least the end 
     of that two-year period.''.
       (c) United States Air Force Academy.--Section 9348(a) of 
     title 10, United States Code, is amended by adding at the end 
     the following new paragraph:
       ``(5) That the cadet--
       ``(A) will not seek release from the cadet's commissioned 
     service obligation to obtain employment as a professional 
     athlete following graduation until the cadet completes a 
     period of at least two consecutive years of commissioned 
     service; and
       ``(B) understands that the appointment alternative 
     described in paragraph (2) will not be used to allow the 
     cadet to obtain such employment until at least the end of 
     that two-year period.''.
       (d) Application of Amendments.--The Secretaries of the 
     military departments shall promptly revise the cadet and 
     midshipman service agreements under sections 4348, 6959, and 
     9348 of title 10, United States Code, to reflect the 
     amendments made by this section. The revised agreement shall 
     apply to cadets and midshipmen who are attending the United 
     States Military Academy, the United States Naval Academy, or 
     the United States Air Force Academy on the date of the 
     enactment of this Act and to persons who begin attendance at 
     such military service academies on or after that date.

     SEC. 544. TWO-YEAR EXTENSION OF SUICIDE PREVENTION AND 
                   RESILIENCE PROGRAM FOR THE NATIONAL GUARD AND 
                   RESERVES.

       Section 10219(g) of title 10, United States Code, is 
     amended by striking ``October 1, 2018'' and inserting 
     ``October 1, 2020''.

     SEC. 545. ANNUAL CERTIFICATIONS RELATED TO READY, RELEVANT 
                   LEARNING INITIATIVE OF THE NAVY.

       (a) Annual Certifications Required.--Not later than March 
     1, 2018, and each year thereafter, the Secretary of the Navy 
     shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the 
     Senate

[[Page H8736]]

     and the House of Representatives a certification on the 
     status of implementation of the Ready, Relevant Learning 
     initiative of the Navy for each applicable enlisted rating.
       (b) Elements.--Each certification under subsection (a) 
     shall include the following:
       (1) A certification by the Commander of the United States 
     Fleet Forces Command that the block learning and modernized 
     delivery methods of the Ready, Relevant Learning initiative 
     to be implemented during the fiscal year beginning in which 
     such certification is submitted will meet or exceed the 
     existing training delivery approach for all associated 
     training requirements.
       (2) A certification by the Secretary of the Navy that the 
     content re-engineering necessary to meet all training 
     objectives and transition from the traditional training 
     curriculum to the modernized delivery format to be 
     implemented during such fiscal year will be complete prior to 
     such transition, including full functionality of all required 
     course software and hardware.
       (3) A detailed cost estimate of transitioning to the block 
     learning and modernized delivery approaches to be implemented 
     during such fiscal year with funding listed by purpose, 
     amount, appropriations account, budget program element or 
     line item, and end strength adjustments.
       (4) A detailed phasing plan associated with transitioning 
     to the block learning and modernized delivery approaches to 
     be implemented during such fiscal year, including the current 
     status, timing, and identification of reductions in ``A'' 
     school and ``C'' school courses, curricula, funding, and 
     personnel.
       (5) A certification by the Secretary of the Navy that--
       (A) the contracting strategy associated with transitioning 
     to the modernized delivery approach to be implemented during 
     such fiscal year has been completed; and
       (B) contracting actions contain sufficient specification 
     detail to enable a low risk approach to receiving the 
     deliverable end item or items on-budget, on-schedule, and 
     with satisfactory performance.

     SEC. 546. AUTHORITY TO EXPAND ELIGIBILITY FOR THE UNITED 
                   STATES MILITARY APPRENTICESHIP PROGRAM.

       (a) Expansion Authorized.--The Secretary of Defense may 
     expand eligibility for the United Services Military 
     Apprenticeship Program to include any member of the uniformed 
     services.
       (b) Definition.--In this section, the term ``uniformed 
     services'' has the meaning given such term in section 
     101(a)(5) of title 10, United States Code.

     SEC. 547. LIMITATION ON AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS FOR ATTENDANCE 
                   OF AIR FORCE ENLISTED PERSONNEL AT AIR FORCE 
                   OFFICER PROFESSIONAL MILITARY EDUCATION IN-
                   RESIDENCE COURSES.

       (a) Limitation.--None of the funds authorized to be 
     appropriated or otherwise made available for the Department 
     of the Air Force may be obligated or expended for the purpose 
     of the attendance of Air Force enlisted personnel at Air 
     Force officer professional military education (PME) in-
     residence courses until the later of--
       (1) the date on which the Secretary of the Air Force 
     submits to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and 
     the House of Representatives, and to the Comptroller General 
     of the United States, a report on the attendance of such 
     personnel at such courses as described in subsection (b);
       (2) the date on which the Comptroller General submits to 
     such committees the report setting forth an assessment of the 
     report under paragraph (1) as described in subsection (c); or
       (3) 180 days after the date of the enactment of this Act.
       (b) Secretary of the Air Force Report.--The report of the 
     Secretary described in subsection (a)(1) shall include the 
     following:
       (1) The purpose of the attendance of Air Force enlisted 
     personnel at Air Force officer professional military 
     education in-residence courses.
       (2) The objectives for the attendance of such enlisted 
     personnel at such officer professional military education 
     courses.
       (3) The required prerequisites for such enlisted personnel 
     to attend such officer professional military education 
     courses.
       (4) The process for selecting such enlisted personnel to 
     attend such officer professional military education courses.
       (5) The impact of the attendance of such enlisted personnel 
     at such officer professional military education courses on 
     the availability of officer allocations for the attendance of 
     officers at such courses.
       (6) The impact of the attendance of such enlisted personnel 
     at such officer professional military education courses on 
     the morale and retention of officers attending such courses.
       (7) The resources required for such enlisted personnel to 
     attend such officer professional military education courses.
       (8) The impact on unit and overall Air Force manning levels 
     of the attendance of such enlisted personnel at such officer 
     professional military education courses, especially at the 
     statutorily-limited end strengths of grades E-8 and E-9.
       (9) The extent to which graduation by such enlisted 
     personnel from such officer professional military education 
     courses is a requirement for Air Force or joint assignments.
       (10) The planned assignment utilization for Air Force 
     enlisted graduates of such officer professional military 
     education courses.
       (11) Any other matters in connection with the attendance of 
     such enlisted personnel at such officer professional military 
     education courses that the Secretary considers appropriate.
       (c) Comptroller General of the United States Report.--
       (1) In general.--Not later than 90 days after the date the 
     Secretary submits the report described in subsection (a)(1), 
     the Comptroller General shall submit to the Committees on 
     Armed Services of the Senate and the House of Representatives 
     a briefing on an assessment of the report by the Comptroller 
     General. As soon as practicable after the briefing, the 
     Comptroller General shall submit to such committees a report 
     on such assessment for purposes of subsection (a)(2).
       (2) Elements.--The report under paragraph (1) shall include 
     the following:
       (A) An assessment of whether the conclusions and assertions 
     included in the report of the Secretary under subsection (a) 
     are comprehensive, fully supported, and sufficiently 
     detailed.
       (B) An identification of any shortcomings, limitations, or 
     other reportable matters that affect the quality of the 
     findings or conclusions of the report of the Secretary.

     SEC. 548. LIEUTENANT HENRY OSSIAN FLIPPER LEADERSHIP 
                   SCHOLARSHIPS.

       (a) In General.--The Secretary of the Army shall designate 
     a number of scholarships under the Army Senior Reserve 
     Officers' Training Corps (SROTC) program that are available 
     to students at minority-serving institutions as ``Lieutenant 
     Henry Ossian Flipper Leadership Scholarships''.
       (b) Number Designated.--The number of scholarships 
     designated pursuant to subsection (a) shall be the number the 
     Secretary determines appropriate to increase the number of 
     Senior Reserve Officers' Training Corps scholarships at 
     minority-serving institutions. In making the determination, 
     the Secretary shall give appropriate consideration to the 
     following:
       (1) The number of Senior Reserve Officers' Training Corps 
     scholarships available at all institutions participating in 
     the Senior Reserve Officer's Training Corps program.
       (2) The number of such minority-serving institutions that 
     offer the Senior Reserve Officers' Training Corps program to 
     their students.
       (c) Amount of Scholarship.--The Secretary may increase any 
     scholarship designated pursuant to subsection (a) to an 
     amount in excess of the amount of the Senior Reserve 
     Officers' Training Corps program scholarship that would 
     otherwise be offered at the minority-serving institution 
     concerned if the Secretary considers that a scholarship of 
     such increased amount is appropriate for the purpose of the 
     scholarship.
       (d) Minority-serving Institution Defined.--In this section, 
     the term ``minority-serving institution'' means an 
     institution of higher education described in section 371(a) 
     of the Higher Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 1067q(a)).

     SEC. 549. PILOT PROGRAMS ON APPOINTMENT IN THE EXCEPTED 
                   SERVICE IN THE DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE OF 
                   PHYSICALLY DISQUALIFIED FORMER CADETS AND 
                   MIDSHIPMEN.

       (a) Pilot Programs Authorized.--
       (1) In general.--Each Secretary of a military department 
     may carry out a pilot program under which former cadets or 
     midshipmen described in paragraph (2) (in this section 
     referred to as ``eligible individuals'') under the 
     jurisdiction of such Secretary may be appointed by the 
     Secretary of Defense in the excepted service under section 
     3320 of title 5, United States Code, in the Department of 
     Defense.
       (2) Cadets and midshipmen.--Except as provided in paragraph 
     (3), a former cadet or midshipman described in this paragraph 
     is any former cadet at the United States Military Academy or 
     the United States Air Force Academy, and any former 
     midshipman at the United States Naval Academy, who--
       (A) completed the prescribed course of instruction and 
     graduated from the applicable service academy; and
       (B) is determined to be medically disqualified to complete 
     a period of active duty in the Armed Forces prescribed in an 
     agreement signed by such cadet or midshipman in accordance 
     with section 4348, 6959, or 9348 of title 10, United States 
     Code.
       (3) Exception.--A former cadet or midshipman whose medical 
     disqualification as described in paragraph (2)(B) is the 
     result of the gross negligence or misconduct of the former 
     cadet or midshipman is not an eligible individual for 
     purposes of appointment under a pilot program.
       (b) Purpose.--The purpose of the pilot programs conducted 
     under this section is to evaluate the feasibility and 
     advisability of permitting eligible individuals who cannot 
     accept a commission or complete a period of active duty in 
     the Armed Forces prescribed by the Secretary of the military 
     department concerned to fulfill an obligation for active duty 
     service in the Armed Forces through service as a civilian 
     employee of the Department of Defense.
       (c) Positions.--
       (1) In general.--The positions to which an eligible 
     individual may be appointed under a pilot program conducted 
     under this section are existing positions within the 
     Department of Defense in grades up to GS-9 under the General 
     Schedule under section 5332 of title 5, United States Code 
     (or equivalent). The authority in subsection (a) does not 
     authorize the creation of additional positions, or create any 
     vacancies to which eligible individuals may be appointed 
     under a pilot program.
       (2) Term positions.--Any appointment under a pilot program 
     shall be to a position having a term of five years or less.
       (d) Scope of Authority.--
       (1) Recruitment and retention of eligible individuals.--The 
     authority in subsection (a) may be used only to the extent 
     necessary to recruit and retain on a non-competitive basis 
     cadets and midshipmen who are relieved of an obligation for 
     active duty in the Armed Forces due to becoming medically 
     disqualified from serving on active duty in the Armed Forces, 
     and may not be used to appoint any other individuals in the 
     excepted service.
       (2) Voluntary acceptance of appointments.--A pilot program 
     conducted under this

[[Page H8737]]

     section may not be used as an implicit or explicit basis for 
     compelling an eligible individual to accept an appointment in 
     the excepted service in accordance with this section.
       (e) Relationship to Repayment Provisions.--Completion of a 
     term appointment pursuant to a pilot program conducted under 
     this section shall relieve the eligible individual concerned 
     of any repayment obligation under section 303a(e) or 373 of 
     title 37, United States Code, with respect to the agreement 
     of the individual described in subsection (a)(2)(B).
       (f) Termination.--
       (1) In general.--The authority to appoint eligible 
     individuals in the excepted service under a pilot program 
     conducted under this section shall expire on the date that is 
     four years after the date of the enactment of this Act.
       (2) Effect on existing appointments.--The termination by 
     paragraph (1) of the authority in subsection (a) shall not 
     affect any appointment made under that authority before the 
     termination date specified in paragraph (1) in accordance 
     with the terms of such appointment.
       (g) Reporting Requirement.--
       (1) Report required.--Not later than the date that is three 
     years after the date of the enactment of this Act, each 
     Secretary of a military department shall submit to the 
     appropriate congressional committees a report containing an 
     evaluation of the effectiveness of the pilot program 
     conducted by such Secretary under this section, including the 
     number of eligible individuals appointed as civilian 
     employees of the Department of Defense under the program and 
     the retention rate for such employees.
       (2) Appropriate congressional committees defined.--In this 
     section, the term ``appropriate congressional committees'' 
     means the Committee on Armed Services and the Committee on 
     Homeland Security and Government Affairs of the Senate and 
     the Committee on Armed Services and the Committee on 
     Oversight and Government Reform of the House of 
     Representatives.

Subtitle F--Defense Dependents' Education and Military Family Readiness 
                                Matters

             PART I--DEFENSE DEPENDENTS' EDUCATION MATTERS

     SEC. 551. ASSISTANCE TO SCHOOLS WITH MILITARY DEPENDENT 
                   STUDENTS.

       (a) Impact Aid for Children With Severe Disabilities.--
       (1) In general.--Of the amount authorized to be 
     appropriated for fiscal year 2018 pursuant to section 301 and 
     available for operation and maintenance for Defense-wide 
     activities as specified in the funding table in section 4301, 
     $10,000,000 shall be available for payments under section 363 
     of the Floyd D. Spence National Defense Authorization Act for 
     Fiscal Year 2001 (20 U.S.C. 7703a).
       (2) Use of certain amount.--Of the amount available under 
     subsection (a) for payments as described in that subsection, 
     $5,000,000 shall be available for such payments to local 
     educational agencies determined by the Secretary of Defense, 
     in the discretion of the Secretary, to have higher 
     concentrations of military children with severe disabilities.
       (b) Assistance to Schools With Significant Numbers of 
     Military Dependent Students.--Of the amount authorized to be 
     appropriated for fiscal year 2018 by section 301 and 
     available for operation and maintenance for Defense-wide 
     activities as specified in the funding table in section 4301, 
     $40,000,000 shall be available only for the purpose of 
     providing assistance to local educational agencies under 
     subsection (a) of section 572 of the National Defense 
     Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2006 (Public Law 109-163; 
     20 U.S.C. 7703b).
       (c) Local Educational Agency Defined.--In this section, the 
     term ``local educational agency'' has the meaning given that 
     term in section 7013(9) of the Elementary and Secondary 
     Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 7713(9)).

     SEC. 552. TRANSITIONS OF MILITARY DEPENDENT STUDENTS FROM 
                   DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE DEPENDENT SCHOOLS TO 
                   OTHER SCHOOLS AND AMONG SCHOOLS OF LOCAL 
                   EDUCATIONAL AGENCIES.

       (a) Permanent Support Authority.--Section 574(c) of the 
     John Warner National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
     Year 2007 (Public Law 109-364; 20 U.S.C. 7703b note) is 
     amended by striking paragraph (3).
       (b) Conforming Amendment.--Section 572(b) of the National 
     Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 
     114-328; 20 U.S.C. 7703b note) is amended by striking ``that 
     includes a request for the extension of section 574(c) of the 
     John Warner National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
     Year 2007 shall include'' and inserting ``shall include, with 
     respect to section 574(c) of the John Warner National Defense 
     Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2007 (Public Law 109-364; 
     20 U.S.C. 7703b note),''.

     SEC. 553. REPORT ON EDUCATIONAL OPPORTUNITIES IN SCIENCE, 
                   TECHNOLOGY, ENGINEERING, AND MATHEMATICS FOR 
                   CHILDREN WHO ARE DEPENDENTS OF MEMBERS OF THE 
                   ARMED FORCES.

       Not later than two years after the date of the enactment of 
     this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the 
     congressional defense committees a report containing a 
     description and assessment of--
       (1) current Department of Defense programs intended to 
     improve educational opportunities and achievement in science, 
     technology, engineering, and mathematics for children who are 
     dependents of members of the Armed Forces; and
       (2) Department of Defense efforts to increase opportunities 
     and achievement in science, technology, engineering, and 
     mathematics for children who are dependents of members of the 
     Armed Forces.

               PART II--MILITARY FAMILY READINESS MATTERS

     SEC. 555. CODIFICATION OF AUTHORITY TO CONDUCT FAMILY SUPPORT 
                   PROGRAMS FOR IMMEDIATE FAMILY MEMBERS OF 
                   MEMBERS OF THE ARMED FORCES ASSIGNED TO SPECIAL 
                   OPERATIONS FORCES.

       (a) Codification of Existing Authority.--Chapter 88 of 
     title 10, United States Code, is amended by inserting after 
     section 1788 a new section 1788a consisting of--
       (1) a heading as follows:

     ``Sec. 1788a. Family support programs: immediate family 
       members of members of special operations forces''; and

       (2) a text consisting of subsections (a), (b), (d), and (e) 
     of section 554 of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
     Fiscal Year 2014 (Public Law 113-66; 10 U.S.C. 1788 note).
       (b) Reporting Requirement.--Section 1788a of title 10, 
     United States Code, as added by subsection (a) of this 
     section, is further amended--
       (1) by redesignating subsection (d), as so added, as 
     subsection (c); and
       (2) by inserting after such subsection the following new 
     subsection (d):
       ``(d) Annual Report.--
       ``(1) Report required.--Not later than March 1, 2019, and 
     each March 1 thereafter, the Commander, in coordination with 
     the Under Secretary of Defense for Personnel and Readiness, 
     shall submit to the congressional defense committees a report 
     describing the progress made in achieving the goals of the 
     family support programs conducted under this section.
       ``(2) Elements of reports.--Each report under this 
     subsection shall include the following:
       ``(A) A detailed description of the programs conducted 
     under this section to address family support requirements for 
     family members of members of the armed forces assigned to 
     special operations forces.
       ``(B) An assessment of the impact of the programs on 
     military readiness and on family members of members of the 
     armed forces assigned to special operations forces.
       ``(C) A description of the special operations-peculiar 
     aspects of the programs and a comparison and differentiation 
     of these programs with other programs conducted by the 
     Secretaries of the military departments to provide family 
     support services to immediate family members of members of 
     the armed forces.
       ``(D) Recommendations for incorporating lessons learned 
     into other family support programs.
       ``(E) Any other matters the Commander considers appropriate 
     regarding the programs.''.
       (c) Funding.--Subsection (c) of section 1788a of title 10, 
     United States Code, as added by subsection (a) of this 
     section and redesignated by subsection (b)(1) of this 
     section, is amended by striking ``specified'' and all that 
     follows through the end of the subsection and inserting ``, 
     from funds available for Major Force Program 11, to carry out 
     family support programs under this section.''.
       (d) Elimination of Pilot Program References and Other 
     Conforming Amendments.--Section 1788a of title 10, United 
     States Code, as added by subsection (a) of this section, is 
     further amended--
       (1) by striking ``Armed Forces'' each place it appears and 
     inserting ``armed forces'';
       (2) by striking ``pilot'' each place it appears;
       (3) in subsection (a)--
       (A) in the subsection heading, by striking ``Pilot''; and
       (B) by striking ``up to three'' and all that follows 
     through ``providing'' and inserting ``programs to provide''; 
     and
       (4) in subsection (e)--
       (A) in paragraph (2), by striking ``title 10, United States 
     Code'' and inserting ``this title''; and
       (B) in paragraph (3), by striking ``such title'' and 
     inserting ``this title''.
       (e) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the 
     beginning of subchapter I of chapter 88 of title 10, United 
     States Code, is amended by inserting after the item relating 
     to section 1788 the following new item:

``1788a. Family support programs: immediate family members of members 
              of special operations forces.''.
       (f) Conforming Repeal.--Section 554 of the National Defense 
     Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2014 (Public Law 113-66; 10 
     U.S.C. 1788 note) is repealed.

     SEC. 556. REIMBURSEMENT FOR STATE LICENSURE AND CERTIFICATION 
                   COSTS OF A SPOUSE OF A MEMBER OF THE ARMED 
                   FORCES ARISING FROM RELOCATION TO ANOTHER 
                   STATE.

       (a) Reimbursement Authorized.--Section 476 of title 37, 
     United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the 
     following new subsection:
       ``(p)(1) From amounts otherwise made available for a fiscal 
     year to provide travel and transportation allowances under 
     this chapter, the Secretary concerned may reimburse a member 
     of the armed forces for qualified relicensing costs of the 
     spouse of the member when--
       ``(A) the member is reassigned, either as a permanent 
     change of station or permanent change of assignment, from a 
     duty station in one State to a duty station in another State; 
     and
       ``(B) the movement of the member's dependents is authorized 
     at the expense of the United States under this section as 
     part of the reassignment.
       ``(2) Reimbursement provided to a member under this 
     subsection may not exceed $500 in connection with each 
     reassignment described in paragraph (1).
       ``(3) Not later than December 31, 2021, the Secretary of 
     Defense, in consultation with the Secretary of Homeland 
     Security with respect to the Coast Guard, shall submit to the 
     congressional

[[Page H8738]]

     defense committees, the Committee on Homeland Security and 
     Government Affairs of the Senate, and the Committee on 
     Oversight and Government Reform of the House of 
     Representatives a report--
       ``(A) describing the extent to which the reimbursement 
     authority provided by this subsection has been used; and
       ``(B) containing a recommendation by the Secretaries 
     regarding whether the authority should be extended beyond the 
     date specified in paragraph (4).
       ``(4) No reimbursement may be provided under this 
     subsection for qualified relicensing costs paid or incurred 
     after December 31, 2022.
       ``(5) In this subsection, the term `qualified relicensing 
     costs' means costs, including exam and registration fees, 
     that--
       ``(A) are imposed by the State of the new duty station to 
     secure a license or certification to engage in the same 
     profession that the spouse of the member engaged in while in 
     the State of the original duty station; and
       ``(B) are paid or incurred by the member or spouse to 
     secure the license or certification from the State of the new 
     duty station after the date on which the orders directing the 
     reassignment described in paragraph (1) are issued.''.
       (b) Development of Recommendations to Expedite License 
     Portability for Military Spouses.--
       (1) Consultation with states.--The Secretary of Defense, 
     and the Secretary of Homeland Security with respect to the 
     Coast Guard, shall consult with States--
       (A) to identify barriers to the portability between States 
     of a license, certification, or other grant of permission 
     held by the spouse of a member of the Armed Forces to engage 
     in an occupation when the spouse moves between States as part 
     of a permanent change of station or permanent change of 
     assignment of the member; and
       (B) to develop recommendations for the Federal Government 
     and the States, together or separately, to expedite the 
     portability of such licenses, certifications, and other 
     grants of permission for military spouses.
       (2) Specific considerations.--In conducting the 
     consultation and preparing the recommendations under 
     paragraph (1), the Secretaries shall consider the feasibility 
     of--
       (A) States accepting licenses, certifications, and other 
     grants of permission described in paragraph (1) issued by 
     another State and in good standing in that State;
       (B) the issuance of a temporary license pending completion 
     of State-specific requirements; and
       (C) the establishment of an expedited review process for 
     military spouses.
       (3) Report required.--Not later than March 15, 2018, the 
     Secretaries shall submit to the appropriate congressional 
     committees and the States a report containing the 
     recommendations developed under this subsection.
       (4) Appropriate congressional committees defined.--In this 
     subsection, the term ``appropriate congressional committees'' 
     means the congressional defense committees, the Committee on 
     Homeland Security and Government Affairs of the Senate, and 
     the Committee on Oversight and Government Reform of the House 
     of Representatives.

     SEC. 557. TEMPORARY EXTENSION OF EXTENDED PERIOD OF 
                   PROTECTIONS FOR MEMBERS OF UNIFORMED SERVICES 
                   RELATING TO MORTGAGES, MORTGAGE FORECLOSURE, 
                   AND EVICTION.

       Section 710(d) of the Honoring America's Veterans and 
     Caring for Camp Lejeune Families Act of 2012 (Public Law 112-
     154; 50 U.S.C. 3953 note) is amended--
       (1) in paragraph (1), by striking ``December 31, 2017'' and 
     inserting ``December 31, 2019''; and
       (2) in paragraph (3), by striking ``January 1, 2018'' and 
     inserting ``January 1, 2020''.

     SEC. 558. ENHANCING MILITARY CHILDCARE PROGRAMS AND 
                   ACTIVITIES OF THE DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE.

       (a) Hours of Operation of Military Childcare Development 
     Centers.--Each Secretary of a military department shall 
     ensure, to the extent practicable, that the hours of 
     operation of each childcare development center under the 
     jurisdiction of the Secretary are established and maintained 
     in manner that takes into account the demands and 
     circumstances of members of the Armed Forces, including 
     members of the reserve components, who use such center in 
     facilitation of the performance of their military duties.
       (b) Matters to Be Taken Into Account.--The demands and 
     circumstances to be taken into account under subsection (a) 
     for purposes of setting and maintaining the hours of 
     operation of a childcare development center shall include the 
     following:
       (1) Mission requirements of units whose members use the 
     childcare development center.
       (2) The unpredictability of work schedules, and 
     fluctuations in day-to-day work hours, of such members.
       (3) The potential for frequent and prolonged absences of 
     such members for training, operations, and deployments.
       (4) The location of the childcare development center on the 
     military installation concerned, including the location in 
     connection with duty locations of members and applicable 
     military family housing.
       (5) Such other matters as the Secretary of the military 
     department concerned considers appropriate for purposes of 
     this section.
       (c) Childcare Coordinators for Military Installations.--
     Each Secretary of a military department may provide for a 
     childcare coordinator at each military installation under the 
     jurisdiction of the Secretary at which are stationed 
     significant numbers of members of the Armed Forces with 
     accompanying dependent children, as determined by the 
     Secretary. The childcare coordinator may work with the 
     commander of the installation to ensure that childcare is 
     available and responsive to the needs of members assigned to 
     the installation.

     SEC. 559. DIRECT HIRE AUTHORITY FOR DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE FOR 
                   CHILDCARE SERVICES PROVIDERS FOR DEPARTMENT 
                   CHILD DEVELOPMENT CENTERS.

       (a) In General.--The Secretary of Defense may appoint, 
     without regard to any provision of subchapter I of chapter 33 
     of title 5, United States Code, qualified childcare services 
     providers in the competitive service if the Secretary 
     determines that--
       (1) there is a critical hiring need for childcare services 
     providers for Department of Defense child development 
     centers; and
       (2) there is a shortage of childcare services providers.
       (b) Regulations.--The Secretary shall carry out this 
     section in accordance with regulations prescribed by the 
     Secretary for purposes of this section.
       (c) Deadline for Implementation.--The Secretary shall 
     prescribe the regulations required by subsection (b), and 
     commence implementation of subsection (a), by not later than 
     May 1, 2018.
       (d) Briefing.--Not later than 90 days after the end of each 
     of fiscal years 2019 and 2021, the Secretary of Defense shall 
     provide a briefing to the Committee on Armed Services of the 
     House of Representatives, the Committee on Armed Services of 
     the Senate, the Committee on Oversight and Government Reform 
     of the House of Representatives, and the Committee on 
     Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs of the Senate on 
     the use of the appointment authority provided by subsection 
     (a).
       (e) Childcare Services Provider Defined.--In this section, 
     the term ``childcare services provider'' means a person who 
     provides childcare services for dependent children of members 
     of the Armed Forces and civilian employees of the Department 
     of Defense in child development centers on Department 
     installations.
       (f) Expiration of Authority.--The appointment authority 
     provided by subsection (a) expires on September 30, 2021.

     SEC. 560. PILOT PROGRAM ON PUBLIC-PRIVATE PARTNERSHIPS FOR 
                   TELEWORK FACILITIES FOR MILITARY SPOUSES ON 
                   MILITARY INSTALLATIONS OUTSIDE THE UNITED 
                   STATES.

       (a) In General.--Commencing not later than one year after 
     the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of 
     Defense shall carry out a pilot program to assess the 
     feasability and advisability of providing telework facilities 
     for military spouses on military installations outside the 
     United States. The Secretary shall consult with the host 
     nation or nations concerned in carrying out the pilot 
     program.
       (b) Number of Installations.--The Secretary shall carry out 
     the pilot program at not less than two military installations 
     outside the United States selected by the Secretary for 
     purposes of the pilot program.
       (c) Duration.--The duration of the pilot program shall be a 
     period selected by the Secretary, but not more than three 
     years.
       (d) Elements.--The pilot program shall include the 
     following elements:
       (1) The pilot program shall be conducted as one or more 
     public-private partnerships between the Department of Defense 
     and a private corporation or partnership of private 
     corporations.
       (2) The corporation or corporations participating in the 
     pilot program shall contribute to the carrying out of the 
     pilot program an amount equal to the amount committed by the 
     Secretary to the pilot program at the time of its 
     commencement.
       (3) The Secretary shall enter into one or more memoranda of 
     understanding with the corporation or corporations 
     participating in the pilot program for purposes of the pilot 
     program, including the amounts to be contributed by such 
     corporation or corporations pursuant to paragraph (2).
       (4) The telework undertaken by military spouses under the 
     pilot program may only be for United States companies.
       (5) The pilot program shall permit military spouses to 
     provide administrative, informational technology, 
     professional, and other necessary support to companies 
     through telework from Department installations outside the 
     United States.
       (e) Funding.--Of the amount authorized to be appropriated 
     for fiscal year 2018 by section 421 and available for 
     military personnel as specified in the funding table in 
     section 4401, up to $1,000,000 may be available to carry out 
     the pilot program, including entry into memoranda of 
     understanding pursuant to subsection (d)(3) and payment by 
     the Secretary of the amount committed by the Secretary to the 
     pilot program pursuant to subsection (d)(2).

                   Subtitle G--Decorations and Awards

     SEC. 561. AUTHORIZATION FOR AWARD OF THE MEDAL OF HONOR TO 
                   GARLIN M. CONNER FOR ACTS OF VALOR DURING WORLD 
                   WAR II.

       (a) Waiver of Time Limitations.--Notwithstanding the time 
     limitations specified in section 3744 of title 10, United 
     States Code, or any other time limitation with respect to the 
     awarding of certain medals to persons who served in the Armed 
     Forces, the President may award the Medal of Honor under 
     section 3741 of such title to Garlin M. Conner for the acts 
     of valor during World War II described in subsection (b).
       (b) Acts of Valor Described.--The acts of valor referred to 
     in subsection (a) are the actions of Garlin M. Conner during 
     combat on January 24, 1945, as a member of the United States 
     Army in the grade of First Lieutenant in France while serving 
     with Company K, 3d Battalion, 7th Infantry Regiment, 3d 
     Infantry Division, for which he was previously awarded the 
     Distinguished-Service Cross.

[[Page H8739]]

  


     SEC. 562. AUTHORIZATION FOR AWARD OF DISTINGUISHED-SERVICE 
                   CROSS TO SPECIALIST FRANK M. CRARY FOR ACTS OF 
                   VALOR IN VIETNAM.

       (a) Authorization.--Notwithstanding the time limitations 
     specified in section 3744 of title 10, United States Code, or 
     any other time limitation with respect to the awarding of 
     certain medals to persons who served in the Armed Forces, the 
     President may award the Distinguished-Service Cross under 
     section 3742 of such title to Specialist Frank M. Crary for 
     the acts of valor in Vietnam described in subsection (b).
       (b) Acts of Valor Described.--The acts of valor referred to 
     in subsection (a) are the actions of Frank M. Crary on April 
     7, 1966, as a member of the Army serving in the grade of 
     Specialist in Vietnam while serving with Company D, 1st 
     Battalion (Airborne), 12th Cavalry Regiment, 1st Cavalry 
     Division.

            Subtitle H--Miscellaneous Reporting Requirements

     SEC. 571. ANALYSIS AND REPORT ON ACCOMPANIED AND 
                   UNACCOMPANIED TOURS OF DUTY IN REMOTE LOCATIONS 
                   WITH HIGH FAMILY SUPPORT COSTS.

       (a) Analysis Required.--The Secretary of Defense shall 
     conduct a comparative analysis of accompanied tours of duty 
     and unaccompanied tours of duty of members of the Armed 
     Forces in remote locations with high family support costs 
     (including facility construction and operation costs), 
     including--
       (1) the Azores;
       (2) United States Naval Station, Guantanamo Bay, Cuba;
       (3) Okinawa, Japan;
       (4) the Republic of Korea;
       (5) Kwajalein Atoll;
       (6) Al Udeid Air Base, Qatar; and
       (7) such other locations as the Secretary considers 
     appropriate for purposes of the analysis.
       (b) Reporting Requirement.--Not later than one year after 
     the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of 
     Defense shall submit to the congressional defense committees 
     a report containing the results of the analysis conducted 
     under subsection (a).

     SEC. 572. REVIEW AND REPORTS ON POLICIES FOR REGULAR AND 
                   RESERVE OFFICER CAREER MANAGEMENT.

       (a) Review Required.--The Secretary of Defense, in 
     consultation with the Secretaries of the military 
     departments, shall conduct a review of the policies of the 
     Department of Defense for the career management of regular 
     and reserve officers of the Armed Forces pursuant to the 
     Defense Officer Personnel Management Act (commonly referred 
     to as ``DOPMA'') and the Reserve Officer Personnel Management 
     Act (commonly referred to as ``ROPMA'').
       (b) Elements of Review.--The review required by subsection 
     (a) shall include the following:
       (1) A statistical analysis, based on exit surveys and other 
     data available to the military departments, on the impact 
     that current personnel policies under the Defense Officer 
     Personnel Management Act have on recruiting and retention of 
     qualified regular and reserve officers of the Armed Forces. 
     Specifically, the statistical analysis shall include an 
     estimate of the number of officers who leave the Armed Forces 
     each year because of dissatisfaction with the current 
     personnel policies, including career progression, promotion 
     policies, and a perceived lack of opportunity for schooling 
     and broadening assignments.
       (2) An analysis of the extent to which current personnel 
     policies inhibit the professional development of officers.
       (3) An analysis of the impact that increased flexibility in 
     promotion, assignments, and career length would have on 
     officer competency in their military occupational 
     specialties.
       (4) An analysis of the efficacy of officer talent 
     management systems currently used by the military 
     departments.
       (5) An analysis of the benefits and limitations of the 
     current promotion timelines and the ``up-or-out'' system 
     required by policy and law.
       (6) An analysis of the reasons and frequency with which 
     officers in the grade of O-3 or above are passed over for 
     promotion to the next higher grade, particularly those 
     officers who have pursued advanced degrees, broadening 
     assignments, and non-traditional career patterns.
       (7) The utility and feasibility of creating new competitive 
     categories or an independent career and promotion path for 
     officers in low-density military occupational specialties.
       (8) An analysis of how best to encourage and facilitate the 
     recruitment and retention of officers with technical 
     expertise.
       (9) The utility and feasibility of encouraging officers to 
     pursue careers of lengths that vary from the traditional 20-
     year military career and the mechanisms that could be 
     employed to encourage officers to pursue these varying career 
     lengths.
       (10) An analysis of what actions have been or could be 
     taken within current statutory authority to address officer 
     management challenges.
       (11) An analysis of what actions can be taken by the Armed 
     Forces to change the institutional culture regarding commonly 
     held perceptions on appropriate promotion timelines, career 
     progression, and traditional career patterns.
       (12) An analysis of how the Armed Forces can avoid an 
     officer corps disproportionately weighted toward officers 
     serving in the grades of major, lieutenant colonel, and 
     colonel and Navy grades of lieutenant commander, commander, 
     and captain, if statutory officer grade caps are relaxed.
       (13) The utility and feasibility of allowing officers to 
     repeatedly and seamlessly transition between active duty and 
     reserve active-status throughout the course of their military 
     careers.
       (14) An analysis of the current officer force-shaping 
     authorities and any changes needed to these authorities to 
     improve recruiting, retention, and readiness.
       (15) An analysis of any other matters the Secretary of 
     Defense considers appropriate to improve the effective 
     recruitment and retention of officers.
       (c) Reporting Requirements.--
       (1) Initial report.--Not later than March 1, 2018, the 
     Secretary of Defense shall submit to the Committees on Armed 
     Services of the Senate and the House of Representatives a 
     report evaluating the impact on officer retention of granting 
     promotion boards the authority to recommend officers of 
     particular merit be placed at the top of the promotion list.
       (2) Complete report.--Not later than July 31, 2018, the 
     Secretary of Defense shall submit to the Committees on Armed 
     Services of the Senate and the House of Representatives a 
     report setting forth the results of the review conducted 
     under subsection (a).
       (3) Scope of report.--If any recommendation of the 
     Secretary of Defense in a report required by this subsection 
     requires legislative or administrative action for 
     implementation, the report shall include a proposal for 
     legislative action, or a description of administrative 
     action, as applicable, to implement such recommendation.

     SEC. 573. REVIEW AND REPORT ON EFFECTS OF PERSONNEL 
                   REQUIREMENTS AND LIMITATIONS ON THE 
                   AVAILABILITY OF MEMBERS OF THE NATIONAL GUARD 
                   FOR THE PERFORMANCE OF FUNERAL HONORS DUTY FOR 
                   VETERANS.

       (a) Review Required.--The Secretary of Defense shall 
     undertake a review of the effects of the personnel 
     requirements and limitations described in subsection (b) with 
     respect to the members of the National Guard in order to 
     determine whether or not such requirements unduly limit the 
     ability of the Armed Forces to meet the demand for personnel 
     to perform funeral honors in connection with funerals of 
     veterans.
       (b) Personnel Requirements and Limitations.--The personnel 
     requirements and limitations described in this subsection are 
     the following:
       (1) Requirements, such as the ceiling on the authorized 
     number of members of the National Guard on active duty 
     pursuant to section 115(b)(2)(B) of title 10, United States 
     Code, or end-strength limitations, that may operate to limit 
     the number of members of the National Guard available for the 
     performance of funeral honors duty.
       (2) Any other requirements or limitations applicable to the 
     reserve components of the Armed Forces in general, or the 
     National Guard in particular, that may operate to limit the 
     number of members of the National Guard available for the 
     performance of funeral honors duty.
       (c) Report.--Not later than six months after the date of 
     the enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall submit to the 
     Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of 
     Representatives a report on the review undertaken pursuant to 
     subsection (a). The report shall include the following:
       (1) A description of the review.
       (2) Such recommendations as the Secretary considers 
     appropriate in light of the review for legislative or 
     administrative action to expand the number of members of the 
     National Guard available for the performance of funeral 
     honors functions at funerals of veterans.

     SEC. 574. REVIEW AND REPORT ON AUTHORITIES FOR THE 
                   EMPLOYMENT, USE, AND STATUS OF NATIONAL GUARD 
                   AND RESERVE TECHNICIANS.

       (a) Review Required.--The Secretary of Defense shall 
     conduct a review of the following:
       (1) Authority for the employment, use, and status of 
     National Guard technicians under section 709 of title 32, 
     United States Code (commonly referred to as the National 
     Guard Technicians Act of 1968).
       (2) Authorities for the employment, use, and status of 
     National Guard and Reserve technicians under sections 10216 
     through 10218 of title 10, United States Code.
       (3) Any other authorities on the employment, use, and 
     status of National Guard and Reserve technicians under law.
       (b) Purposes.--The purposes of the review under subsection 
     (a) shall be as follows:
       (1) To define the mission and requirements of National 
     Guard and Reserve technicians.
       (2) To identify means to improve the management and 
     administration of the National Guard and Reserve technician 
     workforce.
       (3) To identify means to enhance the capability of the 
     Department of Defense to recruit and retain National Guard 
     and Reserve technicians.
       (4) To assess the current career progression tracks of 
     National Guard and Reserve technicians.
       (c) Consultation.--In conducting the review under 
     subsection (a), the Secretary of Defense shall consult with 
     the Chief of the National Guard Bureau, the Chief of Army 
     Reserve, the Chief of Air Force Reserve, and representatives 
     of National Guard and Reserve technicians, including 
     collective bargaining representatives of such technicians.
       (d) Inclusion of Recent Authorities in Review.--The 
     Secretary of Defense shall ensure that the review conducted 
     under subsection (a) takes into account authorities, and 
     modifications of authorities, for the employment, use, and 
     status of National Guard and Reserve technicians contained in 
     the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2016 
     (Public Law 114-92) and the National Defense Authorization 
     Act for Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328).
       (e) Required Review Elements.--In meeting the purposes of 
     the review conducted under subsection (a), as set forth in 
     subsection (b), the Secretary of Defense shall address, in 
     particular, the following:
       (1) The extent to which National Guard and Reserve 
     technicians are assigned military duties

[[Page H8740]]

     inconsistent with, or of a different nature than, their 
     civilian duties, the impact of such assignments on unit 
     readiness, and the effect of such assignments on the career 
     progression of technicians.
       (2) The use by the Department of Defense (especially within 
     the National Guard) of selective retention boards to separate 
     National Guard and Reserve technicians from military service 
     (with the effect of thereby separating them from civilian 
     service) before they accrue a full, unreduced retirement 
     annuity in connection with Federal civilian service, and 
     whether that use is consistent with the authority in section 
     10216(f) of title 10, United States Code, that technicians be 
     permitted to remain in service past their mandatory 
     separation date until they qualify for an unreduced 
     retirement annuity.
       (3) The impact on recruitment and retention, and the 
     budgetary impact, of permitting National Guard and Reserve 
     technicians who receive an enlistment incentive before 
     becoming a technician to retain such incentive upon becoming 
     a technician.
       (f) Reporting Requirement.--Not later than April 1, 2018, 
     the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the Committees on 
     Armed Services of the Senate and the House of Representatives 
     a report containing--
       (1) the results of the review conducted under subsection 
     (a), including a discussion of the matters set forth in 
     subsections (b) and (e); and
       (2) such recommendations for legislative or administrative 
     action as the Secretary considers appropriate in light of the 
     review in order to improve and enhance the employment, use, 
     and status of National Guard and Reserve technicians.

     SEC. 575. ASSESSMENT AND REPORT ON EXPANDING AND CONTRACTING 
                   FOR CHILDCARE SERVICES OF THE DEPARTMENT OF 
                   DEFENSE.

       (a) Assessment Required.--The Secretary of Defense shall 
     conduct an assessment of the feasibility and advisability of 
     the following:
       (1) Expanding the operating hours of childcare facilities 
     of the Department of Defense in order to meet childcare 
     services requirements for swing-shift, night-shift, and 
     weekend workers.
       (2) Using contracts with private-sector childcare services 
     providers to expand the availability of childcare services 
     for members of the Armed Forces at locations outside military 
     installations at costs similar to the current costs for 
     childcare services through child development centers on 
     military installations.
       (3) Contracting with private-sector childcare services 
     providers to operate childcare facilities of the Department 
     on military installations.
       (4) Expanding childcare services as described in paragraphs 
     (1) through (3) to members of the National Guard and Reserves 
     in a manner that does not substantially raise costs of 
     childcare services for the military departments or conflict 
     with others who have a higher priority for space in childcare 
     services programs, such as members of the Armed Forces on 
     active duty.
       (b) Reporting Requirement.--Not later than September 1, 
     2018, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the Committees 
     on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of 
     Representatives a report containing the results of the 
     assessment conducted under subsection (a).

     SEC. 576. REVIEW AND REPORT ON COMPENSATION PROVIDED 
                   CHILDCARE SERVICES PROVIDERS OF THE DEPARTMENT 
                   OF DEFENSE.

       (a) Review Required.--The Secretary of Defense shall 
     conduct a review of the compensation provided for childcare 
     services providers within the Department of Defense, 
     including positions subject to General Schedule pay grades 
     and positions occupied by nonappropriated fund 
     instrumentality employees.
       (b) Elements of Review.--The review conducted under 
     subsection (a) shall include the following:
       (1) A comparison of the compensation provided for childcare 
     services provider positions within the Department with the 
     compensation provided to childcare services providers in the 
     private sector who provide similar childcare services.
       (2) An assessment of the mix of General Schedule pay grades 
     and compensation levels for nonappropriated fund 
     instrumentality employees currently required by the 
     Department to most effectively recruit and retain childcare 
     services providers for dependents of members of the Armed 
     Forces.
       (3) A comparison of the budget implications of the current 
     General Schedule pay grade mix and nonappropriated fund 
     instrumentality compensation levels with the pay grade mix 
     and compensation levels determined pursuant to paragraph (2) 
     to be required by the Department to most effectively recruit 
     and retain childcare services providers for dependents of 
     members of the Armed Forces.
       (c) Reporting Requirement.--Not later than September 1, 
     2018, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the Committees 
     on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of 
     Representatives a report containing the results of the review 
     conducted under subsection (a).

     SEC. 577. COMPTROLLER GENERAL OF THE UNITED STATES ASSESSMENT 
                   AND REPORT ON THE OFFICE OF COMPLEX 
                   INVESTIGATIONS WITHIN THE NATIONAL GUARD 
                   BUREAU.

       (a) Assessment Required.--The Comptroller General of the 
     United States shall conduct an assessment on the purpose, 
     structure, and effectiveness of the Office of Complex 
     Investigations within the National Guard Bureau.
       (b) Elements of Assessment.--The assessment conducted under 
     subsection (a) shall address the following:
       (1) The purpose of the Office of Complex Investigations and 
     the criteria used to determine which cases will be 
     investigated by the office.
       (2) The services provided by the Office of Complex 
     Investigations.
       (3) The authority under which the Office of Complex 
     Investigations may investigate violations of State law.
       (4) The structure of the Office of Complex Investigations, 
     including--
       (A) the number of individuals assigned, both permanently 
     and temporarily, to the office;
       (B) the organizational structure of the office; and
       (C) the annual budget of the office, the source of funding, 
     and the extent to which States are required to reimburse the 
     Department of Defense for activities conducted by the office.
       (5) The extent to which the investigations conducted by the 
     Office of Complex Investigations could be conducted by 
     another State or Federal entity.
       (6) The policies governing the Office of Complex 
     Investigations, and the extent to which the office adheres to 
     these policies.
       (7) The training provided to investigators and other 
     employees of the Office of Complex Investigations.
       (8) Any other matters the Comptroller General considers 
     relevant to the assessment.
       (c) Reporting Requirement.--Not later than October 31, 
     2018, the Comptroller General shall submit to the Committees 
     on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of 
     Representatives a report containing the results of the 
     assessment conducted under subsection (a).

     SEC. 578. MODIFICATION OF SUBMITTAL DATE OF COMPTROLLER 
                   GENERAL OF THE UNITED STATES REPORT ON 
                   INTEGRITY OF THE DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE 
                   WHISTLEBLOWER PROGRAM.

       Section 536(a) of the National Defense Authorization Act 
     for Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328; 130 Stat. 2124) is 
     amended by striking ``18 months after the date of the 
     enactment of this Act'' and inserting ``December 31, 2018''.

                       Subtitle I--Other Matters

     SEC. 581. EXPANSION OF UNITED STATES AIR FORCE INSTITUTE OF 
                   TECHNOLOGY ENROLLMENT AUTHORITY TO INCLUDE 
                   CIVILIAN EMPLOYEES OF THE HOMELAND SECURITY 
                   INDUSTRY.

       (a) Definition.--Subsection (b) of section 9314a of title 
     10, United States Code, is amended to read as follows:
       ``(b) Covered Private Sector Employee Defined.--(1) In this 
     section, the term `covered private sector employee' means--
       ``(A) an individual employed by a private firm that is 
     engaged in providing to the Department of Defense significant 
     and substantial defense-related systems, products, or 
     services; or
       ``(B) an individual employed by a private firm in one of 
     the critical infrastructure sectors identified in 
     Presidential Policy Directive 21 (Critical Infrastructure 
     Security and Resilience).
       ``(2) A covered private sector employee admitted for 
     instruction at the United States Air Force Institute of 
     Technology remains eligible for such instruction only so long 
     as the person remains employed by the same firm.''.
       (b) Use of Defined Term.--Section 9314a of title 10, United 
     States Code, is amended--
       (1) in subsection (a)--
       (A) in paragraph (1)--
       (i) by striking ``defense industry employees described in 
     subsection (b)'' and inserting ``a covered private sector 
     employee''; and
       (ii) by striking ``Any such defense industry employee'' and 
     inserting ``A covered private sector employee'';
       (B) in paragraph (2), by striking ``defense industry 
     employees'' and inserting ``covered private sector 
     employees''; and
       (C) in paragraph (3), by striking ``defense industry 
     employee'' both places it appears and inserting ``covered 
     private sector employee'';
       (2) in subsection (c)--
       (A) by striking ``Defense industry employees'' and 
     inserting ``A covered private sector employee''; and
       (B) by striking ``defense industry employees'' and 
     inserting ``covered private sector employees'';
       (3) in subsection (d)(1), by striking ``defense industry 
     employees'' and inserting ``a covered private sector 
     employee''; and
       (4) in subsection (f), by striking ``defense industry 
     employees'' and inserting ``covered private sector 
     employees''.
       (c) Other Conforming Amendments.--Section 9314a of title 
     10, United States Code, is further amended--
       (1) in subsection (a)(1), by striking ``a defense focused'' 
     and inserting ``a defense-focused or homeland security-
     focused''; and
       (2) in subsection (d)--
       (A) in paragraph (1), by inserting ``or homeland security'' 
     after ``and defense''; and
       (B) in paragraph (2), by inserting before the period at the 
     end the following: ``or the Department of Homeland Security, 
     as applicable''.
       (d) Clerical Amendments.--
       (1) Section heading.--The heading of section 9314a of title 
     10, United States Code, is amended to read as follows:

     ``Sec. 9314a. United States Air Force Institute of 
       Technology: admission of certain private sector 
       civilians''.

       (2) Table of sections.--The table of sections at the 
     beginning of chapter 901 of title 10, United States Code, is 
     amended by striking the item relating to section 9314a and 
     inserting the following new item:

``9314a. United States Air Force Institute of Technology: admission of 
              certain private sector civilians.''.

     SEC. 582. CONDITIONAL DESIGNATION OF EXPLOSIVE ORDNANCE 
                   DISPOSAL CORPS AS A BASIC BRANCH OF THE ARMY.

       (a) Conditional Designation.--Subject to subsection (b), 
     section 3063(a) of title 10, United States Code, is amended--

[[Page H8741]]

       (1) in paragraph (12), by striking ``and'';
       (2) by redesignating paragraph (13) as paragraph (14); and
       (3) by inserting after paragraph (12) the following new 
     paragraph (13):
       ``(13) Explosive Ordnance Disposal Corps; and''.
       (b) Delayed Effective Date and Condition on Execution.--
       (1) Effective date.--The amendments made by subsection (a) 
     shall take effect on October 1, 2020, but only if the report 
     required by paragraph (2) is not submitted before that date 
     as required by such paragraph.
       (2) Reporting requirement.--Not later than September 30, 
     2020, the Secretary of the Army shall submit to the 
     Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of 
     Representatives a report containing certifications that the 
     following actions have occurred as of that date:
       (A) The defense budget materials display funding 
     requirements for explosive ordnance disposal separately and a 
     program of record is established and maintained for explosive 
     ordnance disposal.
       (B) A process has been established to ensure that, by not 
     later than five years after the date of the enactment of this 
     Act, there is, and will continue to be, at least one general 
     officer in the Army qualified regarding issues involving 
     explosive ordnance disposal to ensure officer professional 
     development and upward mobility.
       (C) The Ordnance Personnel Proponency Office is, and will 
     continue to be, manned with an explosive ordnance disposal 
     officer to oversee explosive ordnance disposal officer and 
     enlisted personnel proponency.
       (D) Explosive ordnance disposal officer education has been 
     included in a basic officer leadership course, a captains 
     career course, and a policy and planning course specific to 
     explosive ordnance disposal as part of intermediate level 
     education and pre-command courses.
       (E) The office of the Army Deputy Chief of Staff, G8, and 
     the office of the Army Deputy Chief of Staff, G3, have, and 
     will continue to be, manned with explosive ordnance disposal 
     officers responsible for the decision management decision 
     packages, ammunition organizational integration, and force 
     modernization related to explosive ordnance disposal.
       (F) The Army has established and maintained explosive 
     ordnance disposal cells at the Army Forces Command, Army 
     Service Component Commands, Army Special Operations Command, 
     Army Training and Doctrine Command, and the Army Capability 
     and Integration Center.
       (3) Notice of report.--The Secretary of the Army shall 
     notify the Law Revision Counsel of the House of 
     Representatives of the submission of the report under 
     paragraph (2) so that the Law Revision Counsel does not 
     execute the amendments made by subsection (a).

     SEC. 583. DESIGNATION OF OFFICE WITHIN OFFICE OF THE 
                   SECRETARY OF DEFENSE TO OVERSEE USE OF FOOD 
                   ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS BY MEMBERS OF THE ARMED 
                   FORCES ON ACTIVE DUTY.

       Not later than 90 days after the date of the enactment of 
     this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall designate an office 
     or official within the Office of the Secretary of Defense for 
     purposes as follows:
       (1) To discharge responsibility for overseeing the efforts 
     of the Department of Defense to collect, analyze, and monitor 
     data on the use of food assistance programs by members of the 
     Armed Forces on active duty.
       (2) To establish and maintain relationships with other 
     departments and agencies of the Federal Government to 
     facilitate the discharge of the responsibility specified in 
     paragraph (1).

          TITLE VI--COMPENSATION AND OTHER PERSONNEL BENEFITS

                     Subtitle A--Pay and Allowances

Sec. 601. Annual adjustment of basic monthly pay.
Sec. 602. Prohibiting collection of additional amounts from members 
              living in units under Military Housing Privatization 
              Initiative.
Sec. 603. Limitation on modification of payment authority for Military 
              Housing Privatization Initiative housing.
Sec. 604. Housing treatment for certain members of the Armed Forces, 
              and their spouses and other dependents, undergoing a 
              permanent change of station within the United States.
Sec. 605. Extension of authority to provide temporary increase in rates 
              of basic allowance for housing under certain 
              circumstances.
Sec. 606. Reevaluation of BAH for the military housing area including 
              Staten Island.

            Subtitle B--Bonus and Special and Incentive Pays

Sec. 611. One-year extension of certain bonus and special pay 
              authorities for reserve forces.
Sec. 612. One-year extension of certain bonus and special pay 
              authorities for health care professionals.
Sec. 613. One-year extension of special pay and bonus authorities for 
              nuclear officers.
Sec. 614. One-year extension of authorities relating to title 37 
              consolidated special pay, incentive pay, and bonus 
              authorities.
Sec. 615. One-year extension of authorities relating to payment of 
              other title 37 bonuses and special pays.
Sec. 616. Report regarding the national pilot shortage.
Sec. 617. Special aviation incentive pay and bonus authorities for 
              enlisted members who operate remotely piloted aircraft.
Sec. 618. Technical and conforming amendments relating to 2008 
              consolidation of special pay authorities.

     Subtitle C--Disability Pay, Retired Pay, and Survivor Benefits

Sec. 621. Permanent extension and cost-of-living adjustments of special 
              survivor indemnity allowances under the Survivor Benefit 
              Plan.
Sec. 622. Adjustments to Survivor Benefit Plan for members electing 
              lump sum payments of retired pay under the modernized 
              retirement system for members of the uniformed services.
Sec. 623. Technical correction regarding election to participate in 
              modernized retirement system for reserve component 
              members experiencing a break in service.
Sec. 624. Technical corrections to use of member's current pay grade 
              and years of service in a division of property involving 
              disposable retired pay.
Sec. 625. Continuation pay for the Coast Guard.

                       Subtitle D--Other Matters

Sec. 631. Land conveyance authority, Army and Air Force Exchange 
              Service property, Dallas, Texas.
Sec. 632. Authority for the Secretaries of the military departments to 
              provide for care of remains of those who die on active 
              duty and are interred in a foreign cemetery.
Sec. 633. Construction of domestic source requirement for footwear 
              furnished to enlisted members of the Armed Forces on 
              initial entry into the Armed Forces.
Sec. 634. Review and update of regulations governing debt collectors 
              interactions with unit commanders of members of the Armed 
              Forces.

                     Subtitle A--Pay and Allowances

     SECTION 601. ANNUAL ADJUSTMENT OF BASIC MONTHLY PAY.

       The adjustment in the rates of monthly basic pay required 
     by subsection (a) of section 1009 of title 37, United States 
     Code, to be made on January 1, 2018, shall take effect, 
     notwithstanding any determination made by the President under 
     subsection (e) of such section with respect to an alternative 
     pay adjustment to be made on such date.

     SEC. 602. PROHIBITING COLLECTION OF ADDITIONAL AMOUNTS FROM 
                   MEMBERS LIVING IN UNITS UNDER MILITARY HOUSING 
                   PRIVATIZATION INITIATIVE.

       (a) Prohibition.--Subchapter IV of chapter 169 of title 10, 
     United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the 
     following new section:

     ``Sec. 2886. Prohibiting collection of amounts in addition to 
       rent from members assigned to units

       ``(a) Prohibition.--An agreement for acquiring or 
     constructing a military family housing unit or military 
     unaccompanied housing unit under this subchapter which is 
     entered into between the Secretary and an eligible entity 
     shall prohibit the entity from imposing on a member of the 
     armed forces who occupies the unit a supplemental payment, 
     such as an out-of-pocket fee, in addition to the amount of 
     rent the eligible entity charges for a unit of similar size 
     and composition, without regard to whether or not the amount 
     of the member's basic allowance for housing is less than the 
     amount of the rent.
       ``(b) Permitting Certain Additional Payments.--Nothing in 
     this section shall be construed to prohibit an eligible 
     entity from imposing an additional payment for optional 
     services provided to residents, such as access to a gym or a 
     parking space, or an additional payment for non-essential 
     utility services, as determined in accordance with 
     regulations promulgated by the Secretary.
       ``(c) No Effect on Rental Guarantees or Differential Lease 
     Payments.--Nothing in this section shall be construed to 
     limit or otherwise affect the authority of the Secretary to 
     enter into rental guarantee agreements under section 2876 of 
     this title or to make differential lease payments under 
     section 2877 of this title, so long as such agreements or 
     payments do not require a member of the armed forces who is 
     assigned to a military family housing unit or military 
     unaccompanied housing unit under this subchapter to pay an 
     out-of-pocket fee or payment in addition to the member's 
     basic housing allowance.''.
       (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections for 
     subchapter IV of chapter 169 of such title is amended by 
     adding at the end the following new item:

``2886. Prohibiting collection of amounts in addition to rent from 
              members assigned to units.''.

     SEC. 603. LIMITATION ON MODIFICATION OF PAYMENT AUTHORITY FOR 
                   MILITARY HOUSING PRIVATIZATION INITIATIVE 
                   HOUSING.

       (a) In General.--For each month during 2018, the Secretary 
     of Defense shall pay to a lessor of covered housing 1 percent 
     of the amount calculated under section 403(b)(3)(A)(i) of 
     title 37, United States Code, for the area in which the 
     covered housing exists.
       (b) Definition.--In this section, the term ``covered 
     housing'' means a unit of housing--
       (1) acquired or constructed under the alternative authority 
     of subchapter IV of chapter 169 of title 10, United States 
     Code (known as the Military Housing Privatization 
     Initiative);
       (2) that is leased to a member of a uniformed service who 
     resides in such unit; and
       (3) for which the lessor charges such member rent that 
     equals or exceeds the amount calculated under section 
     403(b)(3)(A) of title 37, United States Code.

[[Page H8742]]

       (c) GAO Review.--Not later than March 1, 2018, the 
     Comptroller General of the United States shall submit to the 
     Committees on Armed Services of the House of Representatives 
     and the Senate a review of the following:
       (1) The management of the Military Housing Privatization 
     Initiative to date.
       (2) Plans for the Military Housing Privatization Initiative 
     after March 1, 2018.
       (3) The viability of the Military Housing Privatization 
     Initiative after March 1, 2018.
       (4) Alternatives to the Military Housing Privatization 
     Initiative.

     SEC. 604. HOUSING TREATMENT FOR CERTAIN MEMBERS OF THE ARMED 
                   FORCES, AND THEIR SPOUSES AND OTHER DEPENDENTS, 
                   UNDERGOING A PERMANENT CHANGE OF STATION WITHIN 
                   THE UNITED STATES.

       (a) Housing Treatment.--
       (1) In general.--Chapter 7 of title 37, United States Code, 
     is amended by inserting after section 403 the following new 
     section:

     ``Sec. 403a. Housing treatment for certain members of the 
       armed forces, and their spouses and other dependents, 
       undergoing a permanent change of station within the United 
       States

       ``(a) Housing Treatment for Certain Members Who Have a 
     Spouse or Other Dependents.--
       ``(1) Housing treatment regulations.--The Secretary of 
     Defense shall prescribe regulations that permit a member of 
     the armed forces described in paragraph (2) who is undergoing 
     a permanent change of station within the United States to 
     request the housing treatment described in subsection (b) 
     during the covered relocation period of the member.
       ``(2) Eligible members.--A member described in this 
     paragraph is any member who--
       ``(A) has a spouse who is gainfully employed or enrolled in 
     a degree, certificate or license granting program at the 
     beginning of the covered relocation period;
       ``(B) has one or more dependents attending an elementary or 
     secondary school at the beginning of the covered relocation 
     period;
       ``(C) has one or more dependents enrolled in the 
     Exceptional Family Member Program; or
       ``(D) is caring for an immediate family member with a 
     chronic or long-term illness at the beginning of the covered 
     relocation period.
       ``(b) Housing Treatment.--
       ``(1) Continuation of housing for the spouse and other 
     dependents.--If a spouse or other dependent of a member whose 
     request under subsection (a) is approved resides in 
     Government-owned or Government-leased housing at the 
     beginning of the covered relocation period, the spouse or 
     other dependent may continue to reside in such housing during 
     a period determined in accordance with the regulations 
     prescribed pursuant to this section.
       ``(2) Early housing eligibility.--If a spouse or other 
     dependent of a member whose request under subsection (a) is 
     approved is eligible to reside in Government-owned or 
     Government-leased housing following the member's permanent 
     change of station within the United States, the spouse or 
     other dependent may commence residing in such housing at any 
     time during the covered relocation period.
       ``(3) Temporary use of government-owned or government-
     leased housing intended for members without a spouse or 
     dependent.--If a spouse or other dependent of a member 
     relocates at a time different from the member in accordance 
     with a request approved under subsection (a), the member may 
     be assigned to Government-owned or Government-leased housing 
     intended for the permanent housing of members without a 
     spouse or dependent until the member's detachment date or the 
     spouse or other dependent's arrival date, but only if such 
     Government-owned or Government-leased housing is available 
     without displacing a member without a spouse or dependent at 
     such housing.
       ``(4) Equitable basic allowance for housing.--If a spouse 
     or other dependent of a member relocates at a time different 
     from the member in accordance with a request approved under 
     subsection (a), the amount of basic allowance for housing 
     payable may be based on whichever of the following areas the 
     Secretary concerned determines to be the most equitable:
       ``(A) The area of the duty station to which the member is 
     reassigned.
       ``(B) The area in which the spouse or other dependent 
     resides, but only if the spouse or other dependent resides in 
     that area when the member departs for the duty station to 
     which the member is reassigned, and only for the period 
     during which the spouse or other dependent resides in that 
     area.
       ``(C) The area of the former duty station of the member, 
     but only if that area is different from the area in which the 
     spouse or other dependent resides.
       ``(c) Rule of Construction Related to Certain Basic 
     Allowance for Housing Payments.--Nothing in this section 
     shall be construed to limit the payment or the amount of 
     basic allowance for housing payable under section 
     403(d)(3)(A) of this title to a member whose request under 
     subsection (a) is approved.
       ``(d) Housing Treatment Education.--The regulations 
     prescribed pursuant to this section shall ensure the 
     relocation assistance programs under section 1056 of title 10 
     include, as part of the assistance normally provided under 
     such section, education about the housing treatment available 
     under this section.
       ``(e) Definitions.--In this section:
       ``(1) Covered relocation period.--(A) Subject to 
     subparagraph (B), the term `covered relocation period', when 
     used with respect to a permanent change of station of a 
     member of the armed forces, means the period that--
       ``(i) begins 180 days before the date of the permanent 
     change of station; and
       ``(ii) ends 180 days after the date of the permanent change 
     of station.
       ``(B) The regulations prescribed pursuant to this section 
     may provide for a shortening or lengthening of the covered 
     relocation period of a member for purposes of this section.
       ``(2) Dependent.--The term `dependent' has the meaning 
     given that term in section 401 of this title.
       ``(3) Permanent change of station.--The term `permanent 
     change of station' means a permanent change of station 
     described in section 452(b)(2) of t his title.''.
       (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at the 
     beginning of chapter 7 such title is amended by inserting 
     after the item relating to section 403 the following new 
     item:

``403a. Housing treatment for certain members of the armed forces, and 
              their spouses and other dependents, undergoing a 
              permanent change of station within the United States.''.
       (b) Effective Date.--The amendments made by this section 
     shall take effect on October 1, 2018.

     SEC. 605. EXTENSION OF AUTHORITY TO PROVIDE TEMPORARY 
                   INCREASE IN RATES OF BASIC ALLOWANCE FOR 
                   HOUSING UNDER CERTAIN CIRCUMSTANCES.

       Section 403(b)(7)(E) of title 37, United States Code, is 
     amended by striking ``December 31, 2017'' and inserting 
     ``December 31, 2018''.

     SEC. 606. REEVALUATION OF BAH FOR THE MILITARY HOUSING AREA 
                   INCLUDING STATEN ISLAND.

       Not later than 90 days after the date of the enactment of 
     this Act, the Secretary of Defense, using the most recent 
     data available to the Secretary, shall reevaluate the basic 
     housing allowance prescribed under section 403(b) of title 
     37, United States Code, for the military housing area that 
     includes Staten Island, New York.

            Subtitle B--Bonus and Special and Incentive Pays

     SEC. 611. ONE-YEAR EXTENSION OF CERTAIN BONUS AND SPECIAL PAY 
                   AUTHORITIES FOR RESERVE FORCES.

       The following sections of title 37, United States Code, are 
     amended by striking ``December 31, 2017'' and inserting 
     ``December 31, 2018'':
       (1) Section 308b(g), relating to Selected Reserve 
     reenlistment bonus.
       (2) Section 308c(i), relating to Selected Reserve 
     affiliation or enlistment bonus.
       (3) Section 308d(c), relating to special pay for enlisted 
     members assigned to certain high-priority units.
       (4) Section 308g(f)(2), relating to Ready Reserve 
     enlistment bonus for persons without prior service.
       (5) Section 308h(e), relating to Ready Reserve enlistment 
     and reenlistment bonus for persons with prior service.
       (6) Section 308i(f), relating to Selected Reserve 
     enlistment and reenlistment bonus for persons with prior 
     service.
       (7) Section 478a(e), relating to reimbursement of travel 
     expenses for inactive-duty training outside of normal 
     commuting distance.
       (8) Section 910(g), relating to income replacement payments 
     for reserve component members experiencing extended and 
     frequent mobilization for active duty service.

     SEC. 612. ONE-YEAR EXTENSION OF CERTAIN BONUS AND SPECIAL PAY 
                   AUTHORITIES FOR HEALTH CARE PROFESSIONALS.

       (a) Title 10 Authorities.--The following sections of title 
     10, United States Code, are amended by striking ``December 
     31, 2017'' and inserting ``December 31, 2018'':
       (1) Section 2130a(a)(1), relating to nurse officer 
     candidate accession program.
       (2) Section 16302(d), relating to repayment of education 
     loans for certain health professionals who serve in the 
     Selected Reserve.
       (b) Title 37 Authorities.--The following sections of title 
     37, United States Code, are amended by striking ``December 
     31, 2017'' and inserting ``December 31, 2018'':
       (1) Section 302c-1(f), relating to accession and retention 
     bonuses for psychologists.
       (2) Section 302d(a)(1), relating to accession bonus for 
     registered nurses.
       (3) Section 302e(a)(1), relating to incentive special pay 
     for nurse anesthetists.
       (4) Section 302g(e), relating to special pay for Selected 
     Reserve health professionals in critically short wartime 
     specialties.
       (5) Section 302h(a)(1), relating to accession bonus for 
     dental officers.
       (6) Section 302j(a), relating to accession bonus for 
     pharmacy officers.
       (7) Section 302k(f), relating to accession bonus for 
     medical officers in critically short wartime specialties.
       (8) Section 302l(g), relating to accession bonus for dental 
     specialist officers in critically short wartime specialties.

     SEC. 613. ONE-YEAR EXTENSION OF SPECIAL PAY AND BONUS 
                   AUTHORITIES FOR NUCLEAR OFFICERS.

       The following sections of title 37, United States Code, are 
     amended by striking ``December 31, 2017'' and inserting 
     ``December 31, 2018'':
       (1) Section 312(f), relating to special pay for nuclear-
     qualified officers extending period of active service.
       (2) Section 312b(c), relating to nuclear career accession 
     bonus.
       (3) Section 312c(d), relating to nuclear career annual 
     incentive bonus.

     SEC. 614. ONE-YEAR EXTENSION OF AUTHORITIES RELATING TO TITLE 
                   37 CONSOLIDATED SPECIAL PAY, INCENTIVE PAY, AND 
                   BONUS AUTHORITIES.

       The following sections of title 37, United States Code, are 
     amended by striking ``December 31, 2017'' and inserting 
     ``December 31, 2018'':
       (1) Section 331(h), relating to general bonus authority for 
     enlisted members.

[[Page H8743]]

       (2) Section 332(g), relating to general bonus authority for 
     officers.
       (3) Section 333(i), relating to special bonus and incentive 
     pay authorities for nuclear officers.
       (4) Section 334(i), relating to special aviation incentive 
     pay and bonus authorities for officers.
       (5) Section 335(k), relating to special bonus and incentive 
     pay authorities for officers in health professions.
       (6) Section 336(g), relating to contracting bonus for 
     cadets and midshipmen enrolled in the Senior Reserve 
     Officers' Training Corps.
       (7) Section 351(h), relating to hazardous duty pay.
       (8) Section 352(g), relating to assignment pay or special 
     duty pay.
       (9) Section 353(i), relating to skill incentive pay or 
     proficiency bonus.
       (10) Section 355(h), relating to retention incentives for 
     members qualified in critical military skills or assigned to 
     high priority units.

     SEC. 615. ONE-YEAR EXTENSION OF AUTHORITIES RELATING TO 
                   PAYMENT OF OTHER TITLE 37 BONUSES AND SPECIAL 
                   PAYS.

       The following sections of title 37, United States Code, are 
     amended by striking ``December 31, 2017'' and inserting 
     ``December 31, 2018'':
       (1) Section 301b(a), relating to aviation officer retention 
     bonus.
       (2) Section 307a(g), relating to assignment incentive pay.
       (3) Section 308(g), relating to reenlistment bonus for 
     active members.
       (4) Section 309(e), relating to enlistment bonus.
       (5) Section 316a(g), relating to incentive pay for members 
     of precommissioning programs pursuing foreign language 
     proficiency.
       (6) Section 324(g), relating to accession bonus for new 
     officers in critical skills.
       (7) Section 326(g), relating to incentive bonus for 
     conversion to military occupational specialty to ease 
     personnel shortage.
       (8) Section 327(h), relating to incentive bonus for 
     transfer between Armed Forces.
       (9) Section 330(f), relating to accession bonus for officer 
     candidates.

     SEC. 616. REPORT REGARDING THE NATIONAL PILOT SHORTAGE.

       (a) In General.--Not later than April 30, 2018, the 
     Comptroller General of the United States shall submit to the 
     Committees on Armed Services of the House of Representatives 
     and the Senate a report regarding the extent of the national 
     pilot shortage and the impact that such shortage has on the 
     ability of the Department of Defense to retain pilots.
       (b) Elements.--The report under subsection (a) shall 
     include assessments of the following:
       (1) The severity of the national pilot shortage, including 
     which of the following are most acutely affected by such 
     shortage--
       (A) geographic areas of the United States; and
       (B) sectors of the commercial aviation industry;
       (2) Compensation practices within the commercial aviation 
     industry, including whether and how such practices affect the 
     ability of the Department of Defense to retain pilots.
       (3) The annual business case of the Secretary of the Air 
     Force for aviation bonus payments under section 334(c)(2) of 
     title 37, United States Code, specifically--
       (A) whether the business case meets the requirements under 
     such section of title 37;
       (B) whether the business case justifies the bonus amount 
     for each aircraft type category; and
       (C) whether projections indicate that the business case 
     will reduce the pilot shortage, and, if so, how quickly for 
     each aircraft type category.
       (4) Non-monetary incentives the Secretary of the Air Force 
     has used to retain pilots.
       (5) Other incentives available under current law and 
     policies of the Department of Defense to increase retention 
     of pilots.
       (6) Such other matters as the Comptroller General considers 
     appropriate.

     SEC. 617. SPECIAL AVIATION INCENTIVE PAY AND BONUS 
                   AUTHORITIES FOR ENLISTED MEMBERS WHO OPERATE 
                   REMOTELY PILOTED AIRCRAFT.

       (a) In General.--Chapter 5 of title 37, United States Code, 
     is amended by inserting after section 334 the following new 
     section:

     ``Sec. 334a. Special aviation incentive pay and bonus 
       authorities: enlisted members who operate remotely piloted 
       aircraft

       ``(a) Aviation Incentive Pay.--
       ``(1) Incentive pay authorized.--The Secretary concerned 
     may pay aviation incentive pay under this section to an 
     enlisted member in a regular or reserve component of a 
     uniformed service who--
       ``(A) is entitled to basic pay under section 204 of this 
     title or compensation under 206 of this title;
       ``(B) is designated as a remotely piloted aircraft pilot, 
     or is in training leading to such a designation;
       ``(C) engages in, or is in training leading to, frequent 
     and regular performance of operational flying duty or 
     proficiency flying duty;
       ``(D) engages in or remains in aviation service for a 
     specified period; and
       ``(E) meets such other criteria as the Secretary concerned 
     determines appropriate.
       ``(2) Enlisted members not currently engaged in flying 
     duty.--The Secretary concerned may pay aviation incentive pay 
     under this section to an enlisted member who is otherwise 
     qualified for such pay but who is not currently engaged in 
     the performance of operational flying duty or proficiency 
     flying duty if the Secretary determines, under regulations 
     prescribed under section 374 of this title, that payment of 
     aviation pay to that enlisted member is in the best interests 
     of the service.
       ``(b) Aviation Bonus.--The Secretary concerned may pay an 
     aviation bonus under this section to an enlisted member in a 
     regular or reserve component of a uniformed service who--
       ``(1) is entitled to aviation incentive pay under 
     subsection (a);
       ``(2) is within one year of completing the enlistment of 
     the member;
       ``(3) reenlists or voluntarily extends the enlistment of 
     the member--
       ``(A) for a period of at least one year; or
       ``(B) in the case of an enlisted member serving pursuant to 
     an indefinite reenlistment, executes a written agreement--
       ``(i) to remain on active duty for a period of at least one 
     year; or
       ``(ii) to remain in an active status in a reserve component 
     for a period of at least one year; and
       ``(4) meets such other criteria as the Secretary concerned 
     determines appropriate.
       ``(c) Maximum Amount and Method of Payment.--
       ``(1) Maximum amount.--The Secretary concerned shall 
     determine the amount of a bonus or incentive pay to be paid 
     under this section, except that--
       ``(A) aviation incentive pay under subsection (a) shall be 
     paid at a monthly rate not to exceed $1,000 per month; and
       ``(B) an aviation bonus under subsection (b) may not exceed 
     $35,000 for each 12-month period of obligated service agreed 
     to under subsection (d).
       ``(2) Lump sum or installments.--A bonus under this section 
     may be paid in a lump sum or in periodic installments, as 
     determined by the Secretary concerned.
       ``(3) Fixing bonus amount.--Upon acceptance by the 
     Secretary concerned of the written agreement required by 
     subsection (d), the total amount of the bonus to be paid 
     under the agreement shall be fixed.
       ``(d) Written Agreement for Bonus.--To receive an aviation 
     bonus under this section, an enlisted member determined to be 
     eligible for the bonus shall enter into a written agreement 
     with the Secretary concerned that specifies--
       ``(1) the amount of the bonus;
       ``(2) the method of payment of the bonus under subsection 
     (c)(2);
       ``(3) the period of obligated service; and
       ``(4) the type or conditions of the service.
       ``(e) Reserve Component Enlisted Members Performing 
     Inactive Duty Training.--An enlisted member of reserve 
     component who is entitled to compensation under section 206 
     of this title and who is authorized aviation incentive pay 
     under this section may be paid an amount of incentive pay 
     that is proportionate to the compensation received under 
     section 206 of this title for inactive-duty training.
       ``(f) Relationship to Other Pay and Allowances.--
       ``(1) Aviation incentive pay.--Aviation incentive pay paid 
     to an enlisted member under subsection (a) shall be in 
     addition to any other pay and allowance to which the enlisted 
     member is entitled, except that an enlisted member may not 
     receive a payment under such subsection and section 351(a)(2) 
     or 353(a) of this title for the same skill and period of 
     service.
       ``(2) Aviation bonus.--An aviation bonus paid to an 
     enlisted member under subsection (b) shall be in addition to 
     any other pay and allowance to which the enlisted member is 
     entitled, except that an enlisted member may not receive a 
     bonus payment under such subsection and section 331 or 353(b) 
     of this title for the same skill and period of service.
       ``(g) Repayment.--An enlisted member who receives aviation 
     incentive pay or an aviation bonus under this section and who 
     fails to fulfill the eligibility requirements for the receipt 
     of the incentive pay or bonus or complete the period of 
     service for which the incentive pay or bonus is paid, as 
     specified in the written agreement under subsection (d) in 
     the case of a bonus, shall be subject to the repayment 
     provisions of section 373 of this title.
       ``(h) Definitions.--In this section:
       ``(1) Aviation service.--The term `aviation service' means 
     participation in aerial flight performed, under regulations 
     prescribed by the Secretary concerned, by an eligible 
     enlisted member who is a remotely piloted aircraft pilot.
       ``(2) Operational flying duty.--The term `operational 
     flying duty' means flying performed under competent orders by 
     enlisted members of the regular or reserve components while 
     serving in assignments in which basic flying skills are 
     normally maintained in the performance of assigned duties as 
     determined by the Secretary concerned, and flying duty 
     performed by members in training that leads to designation as 
     a remotely piloted aircraft pilot by the Secretary concerned.
       ``(3) Proficiency flying duty.--The term `proficiency 
     flying duty' means flying performed under competent orders by 
     enlisted members of the regular or reserve components while 
     serving in assignments in which such skills would normally 
     not be maintained in the performance of assigned duties.
       ``(i) Termination of Authority.--No agreement may be 
     entered into under this section after December 31, 2018.''.
       (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the 
     beginning of chapter 5 of such title is amended by inserting 
     after the item relating to section 334 the following new 
     item:

``334a. Special aviation incentive pay and bonus authorities: enlisted 
              members who operate remotely piloted aircraft.''.

     SEC. 618. TECHNICAL AND CONFORMING AMENDMENTS RELATING TO 
                   2008 CONSOLIDATION OF SPECIAL PAY AUTHORITIES.

       (a) Repayment Provisions.--
       (1) Title 10.--The following provisions of title 10, United 
     States Code, are each amended by inserting ``or 373'' before 
     ``of title 37'':
       (A) Section 510(i).

[[Page H8744]]

       (B) Subsections (a)(3) and (c) of section 2005.
       (C) Paragraphs (1) and (2) of section 2007(e).
       (D) Section 2105.
       (E) Section 2123(e)(1)(C).
       (F) Section 2128(c).
       (G) Section 2130a(d).
       (H) Section 2171(g).
       (I) Section 2173(g)(2).
       (J) Paragraphs (1) and (2) of section 2200a(e).
       (K) Section 4348(f).
       (L) Section 6959(f).
       (M) Section 9348(f).
       (N) Subsections (a)(2) and (b) of section 16135.
       (O) Section 16203(a)(1)(B).
       (P) Section 16301(h).
       (Q) Section 16303(d).
       (R) Paragraphs (1) and (2) of section 16401(f).
       (2) Title 14.--Section 182(g) of title 14, United States 
     Code, is amended by inserting ``or 373'' before ``of title 
     37''.
       (b) Officers Appointed Pursuant to an Agreement Under 
     Section 329 of Title 37.--Section 641 of title 10, United 
     States Code, is amended by striking paragraph (6).
       (c) Reenlistment Leave.--The matter preceding paragraph (1) 
     of section 703(b) of title 10, United States Code, is amended 
     by inserting ``or paragraph (1) or (3) of section 351(a)'' 
     after ``section 310(a)(2)''.
       (d) Rest and Recuperation Absence for Qualified Members 
     Extending Duty at Designated Location Overseas.--The matter 
     following paragraph (4) of section 705(a) of title 10, United 
     States Code, is amended by inserting ``or 352'' after 
     ``section 314''.
       (e) Rest and Recuperation Absence for Certain Members 
     Undergoing Extended Deployment to Combat Zone.--Section 
     705a(b)(1)(B) of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
     inserting ``or 352(a)'' after ``section 305''.
       (f) Additional Incentives for Health Professionals of the 
     Indian Health Service.--Section 116(a) of the Indian Health 
     Care Improvement Act (25 U.S.C. 1616i(a)) is amended by 
     inserting ``or 335(b)'' after ``section 302(b)''.
       (g) Military Pay and Allowances Continuance While in a 
     Missing Status.--Section 552(a)(2) of title 37, United States 
     Code, is amended by inserting ``or section 351(a)(2)'' after 
     ``section 301''.
       (h) Military Pay and Allowances.--Section 907(d) of title 
     37, United States Code, is amended--
       (1) in paragraph (1)--
       (A) in subparagraph (A), by inserting ``or 351'' after 
     ``section 301'';
       (B) in subparagraph (B), by inserting ``or 352'' after 
     ``section 301c'';
       (C) in subparagraph (C), by inserting ``or 353(a)'' after 
     ``section 304'';
       (D) in subparagraph (D), by inserting ``or 352'' after 
     ``section 305'';
       (E) in subparagraph (E), by inserting ``or 352'' after 
     ``section 305a'';
       (F) in subparagraph (F), by inserting ``or 352'' after 
     ``section 305b'';
       (G) in subparagraph (G), by inserting ``or 352'' after 
     ``section 307a'';
       (H) in subparagraph (I), by inserting ``or 352'' after 
     ``section 314'';
       (I) in subparagraph (J), by striking ``316'' and inserting 
     ``353(b)''; and
       (J) in subparagraph (K), by striking ``323'' and inserting 
     ``section 355''; and
       (2) in paragraph (2)--
       (A) in subparagraph (A), by inserting ``or 352'' after 
     ``section 307'';
       (B) in subparagraph (B), by striking ``308'' and inserting 
     ``331'';
       (C) in subparagraph (C), by striking ``309'' and inserting 
     ``331''; and
       (D) in subparagraph (D), by inserting ``or 353'' after 
     ``section 320''.
       (i) Pay and Allowances of Officers of the Public Health 
     Service.--Section 208(a)(2) of the Public Health Service Act 
     (42 U.S.C. 210(a)(2)) is amended by inserting ``or 373'' 
     after ``303a(b)''.

     Subtitle C--Disability Pay, Retired Pay, and Survivor Benefits

     SEC. 621. PERMANENT EXTENSION AND COST-OF-LIVING ADJUSTMENTS 
                   OF SPECIAL SURVIVOR INDEMNITY ALLOWANCES UNDER 
                   THE SURVIVOR BENEFIT PLAN.

       Section 1450(m) of title 10, United States Code, is 
     amended--
       (1) in paragraph (2)--
       (A) in subparagraph (H), by striking ``and'' at the end; 
     and
       (B) by striking subparagraph (I) and inserting the 
     following new subparagraphs:
       ``(I) for months from October 2016 through December 2018, 
     $310; and
       ``(J) for months during any calendar year after 2018, the 
     amount determined in accordance with paragraph (6).''; and
       (2) by striking paragraph (6) and inserting the following 
     new paragraph (6):
       ``(6) Cost-of-living adjustments after 2018.--
       ``(A) In general.--The amount of the allowance payable 
     under paragraph (1) for months during any calendar year 
     beginning after 2018 shall be--
       ``(i) the amount payable pursuant to paragraph (2) for 
     months during the preceding calendar year, plus
       ``(ii) an amount equal to the percentage of the amount 
     determined pursuant to clause (i) which percentage is equal 
     to the percentage increase in retired pay of members and 
     former members of the armed forces for such calendar year 
     under section 1401a of this title.
       ``(B) Public notice on amount of allowance payable.--The 
     Secretary of Defense shall publish in the Federal Register 
     each year the amount of the allowance payable under paragraph 
     (1) for months in such year by reason of the operation of 
     this paragraph.''.

     SEC. 622. ADJUSTMENTS TO SURVIVOR BENEFIT PLAN FOR MEMBERS 
                   ELECTING LUMP SUM PAYMENTS OF RETIRED PAY UNDER 
                   THE MODERNIZED RETIREMENT SYSTEM FOR MEMBERS OF 
                   THE UNIFORMED SERVICES.

       (a) Definition of Base Amount.--Section 1447(6)(A) of title 
     10, United States Code, is amended in the matter preceding 
     clause (i) by inserting ``or 1415(b)(1)(B)'' after ``section 
     1409(b)(2)''.
       (b) Coordination With Reductions in Retired Pay.--Section 
     1452 of such title is amended--
       (1) in subsection (a)(1), by inserting ``, other than 
     retired pay received as a lump sum under section 
     1415(b)(1)(A) of this title,'' in the matter preceding 
     subparagraph (A) after ``, the retired pay'';
       (2) in subsection (b)(1), by inserting ``, other than 
     retired pay received as a lump sum under section 
     1415(b)(1)(A) of this title,'' after ``The retired pay''; and
       (3) in subsection (c)--
       (A) in paragraph (1), by inserting ``, other than retired 
     pay received as a lump sum under section 1415(b)(1)(A) of 
     this title,'' after ``The retired pay''; and
       (B) in paragraph (4), by inserting ``or 1415(b)(1)(B)'' 
     after ``section 1409(b)(2)''.

     SEC. 623. TECHNICAL CORRECTION REGARDING ELECTION TO 
                   PARTICIPATE IN MODERNIZED RETIREMENT SYSTEM FOR 
                   RESERVE COMPONENT MEMBERS EXPERIENCING A BREAK 
                   IN SERVICE.

       (a) Persons Experiencing a Break in Service.--Section 
     12739(f)(2)(B)(iii) of title 10, United States Code, is 
     amended by striking ``on the date of the reentry'' and 
     inserting ``within 30 days after the date of the reentry''.
       (b) Effective Date.--The amendment made by subsection (a) 
     shall take effect on January 1, 2018, immediately after the 
     coming into effect of the amendment made by section 631(b) of 
     the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2016 
     (Public Law 114-92; 129 Stat. 843), to which the amendment 
     made by subsection (a) relates.

     SEC. 624. TECHNICAL CORRECTIONS TO USE OF MEMBER'S CURRENT 
                   PAY GRADE AND YEARS OF SERVICE IN A DIVISION OF 
                   PROPERTY INVOLVING DISPOSABLE RETIRED PAY.

       (a) In General.--Section 1408 of title 10, United States 
     Code, is amended--
       (1) in subsection (a)(4)--
       (A) in the matter preceding clause (i) of subparagraph (A), 
     by striking ``(as determined pursuant to subparagraph (B)''; 
     and
       (B) by striking subparagraph (B) and inserting the 
     following new subparagraph (B):
       ``(B) For purposes of subparagraph (A), in the case of a 
     division of property as part of a final decree of divorce, 
     dissolution, annulment, or legal separation that becomes 
     final prior to the date of a member's retirement, the total 
     monthly retired pay to which the member is entitled shall 
     be--
       ``(i) in the case of a member not described in clause (ii), 
     the amount of retired pay to which the member would have been 
     entitled using the member's retired pay base and years of 
     service on the date of the decree of divorce, dissolution, 
     annulment, or legal separation, as computed under section 
     1406 or 1407 of this title, whichever is applicable, 
     increased by the sum of the cost-of-living adjustments that--
       ``(I) would have occurred under section 1401a(b) of this 
     title between the date of the decree of divorce, dissolution, 
     annulment, or legal separation and the time of the member's 
     retirement using the adjustment provisions under section 
     1401a of this title applicable to the member upon retirement; 
     and
       ``(II) occur under 1401a of this title after the member's 
     retirement; or
       ``(ii) in the case of a member who becomes entitled to 
     retired pay pursuant to chapter 1223 of this title, the 
     amount of retired pay to which the member would have been 
     entitled using the member's retired pay base and creditable 
     service points on the date of the decree of divorce, 
     dissolution, annulment, or legal separation, as computer 
     under chapter 1223 of this title, increased by the sum of the 
     cost-of-living adjustments as described in clause (i) that 
     apply with respect to the member.''; and
       (2) in subsection (d), by adding at the end the following 
     new paragraph:
       ``(8) A division of property award computed as a percentage 
     of a member's disposable retired pay shall be increased by 
     the same percentage as any cost-of-living adjustment made 
     under section 1401a after the member's retirement.''.
       (b) Effective Date.--The amendments made by subsection (a) 
     shall take effect on December 23, 2016, as if enacted 
     immediately following the enactment of the National Defense 
     Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328) 
     to which such amendments relate.
       (c) Applicability.--The amendments made by subsection (a) 
     shall apply with respect to any division of property as part 
     of a final decree of divorce, dissolution, annulment, or 
     legal separation involving a member of the Armed Forces to 
     which section 1408 of title 10, United States Code, applies 
     that becomes final after December 23, 2016.

     SEC. 625. CONTINUATION PAY FOR THE COAST GUARD.

       For providing continuation pay for the United States Coast 
     Guard under section 356 of title 37, United States Code, 
     funds are hereby authorized to be appropriated for fiscal 
     year 2018 in the amount of $3,286,277.

                       Subtitle D--Other Matters

     SEC. 631. LAND CONVEYANCE AUTHORITY, ARMY AND AIR FORCE 
                   EXCHANGE SERVICE PROPERTY, DALLAS, TEXAS.

       (a) Conveyance Authorized.--The Army and Air Force Exchange 
     Service may convey, by sale, exchange, or a combination 
     thereof, all right, title, and interest of the United States 
     in

[[Page H8745]]

     and to a parcel of real property, including improvements 
     thereon, that--
       (1) is located at 8901 Autobahn Drive in Dallas, Texas; and
       (2) was purchased using nonappropriated funds of the Army 
     and Air Force Exchange Service.
       (b) Consideration.--
       (1) In general.--Consideration for the real property 
     conveyed under subsection (a) shall be at least equal to the 
     fair market value of the property, as determined by the Army 
     and Air Force Exchange Service.
       (2) Treatment of cash consideration.--Notwithstanding 
     section 574 of title 40, United States Code, any cash 
     consideration received from the conveyance of the property 
     under subsection (a) may be retained by the Army and Air 
     Force Exchange Service because the property was acquired 
     using nonappropriated funds.
       (c) Description of Property.--The exact acreage and legal 
     description of the real property to be conveyed under 
     subsection (a) shall be determined by a survey satisfactory 
     to the Army and Air Force Exchange Service. The recipient of 
     the property shall be required to cover the cost of the 
     survey.
       (d) Additional Terms and Conditions.--The Army and Air 
     Force Exchange Service may require such additional terms and 
     conditions in connection with the conveyance under subsection 
     (a) as the Army and Air Force Exchange Service considers 
     appropriate to protect the interests of the United States.
       (e) Inapplicability of Certain Provisions of Law.--Section 
     2696 of title 10, United States Code, shall not apply to a 
     conveyance of property under this section.

     SEC. 632. AUTHORITY FOR THE SECRETARIES OF THE MILITARY 
                   DEPARTMENTS TO PROVIDE FOR CARE OF REMAINS OF 
                   THOSE WHO DIE ON ACTIVE DUTY AND ARE INTERRED 
                   IN A FOREIGN CEMETERY.

       Section 1482(a) of title 10, United States Code, is amended 
     by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
       ``(10) In the case of a decedent under the jurisdiction of 
     a Secretary of a military department at the time of death, 
     enduring care of remains interred in a foreign cemetery if 
     the burial location was designated by such Secretary.''.

     SEC. 633. CONSTRUCTION OF DOMESTIC SOURCE REQUIREMENT FOR 
                   FOOTWEAR FURNISHED TO ENLISTED MEMBERS OF THE 
                   ARMED FORCES ON INITIAL ENTRY INTO THE ARMED 
                   FORCES.

       Section 418(d) of title 37, United States Code, is amended 
     by adding at the end the following new paragraphs:
       ``(4) This subsection does not apply to the furnishing of 
     athletic footwear to members of the Army, the Navy, the Air 
     Force, or the Marine Corps upon their initial entry into the 
     armed forces, or prohibit the provision of a cash allowance 
     to such members for such purpose, if the Secretary of Defense 
     determines that compliance with paragraph (2) would result in 
     a sole source contract for procurement of athletic footwear 
     for the purpose stated in paragraph (1) because there would 
     be only a sole certified source of supply for such footwear.
       ``(5) The Secretary of Defense shall ensure that all 
     procurements of athletic footwear to which this subsection 
     applies are made using firm fixed price contracts.''.

     SEC. 634. REVIEW AND UPDATE OF REGULATIONS GOVERNING DEBT 
                   COLLECTORS INTERACTIONS WITH UNIT COMMANDERS OF 
                   MEMBERS OF THE ARMED FORCES.

       Not later than 180 days after the date of the enactment of 
     this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall review and update 
     Department of Defense Directive 1344.09 and any associated 
     regulations to ensure that such regulations comply with 
     Federal consumer protection laws with respect to the 
     collection of debt.

                   TITLE VII--HEALTH CARE PROVISIONS

           Subtitle A--TRICARE and Other Health Care Benefits

Sec. 701. Continued access to medical care at facilities of the 
              uniformed services for certain members of the reserve 
              components.
Sec. 702. Modifications of cost-sharing requirements for the TRICARE 
              Pharmacy Benefits Program and treatment of certain 
              pharmaceutical agents.
Sec. 703. Provision of hyperbaric oxygen therapy for certain members of 
              the Armed Forces.
Sec. 704. Specification that individuals under the age of 21 are 
              eligible for hospice care services under the TRICARE 
              program.
Sec. 705. Physical examinations for members of a reserve component who 
              are separating from the Armed Forces.
Sec. 706. Mental health assessments before members separate from the 
              Armed Forces.
Sec. 707. Expansion of sexual trauma counseling and treatment for 
              members of the reserve components.
Sec. 708. Expedited evaluation and treatment for prenatal surgery under 
              the TRICARE program.

                 Subtitle B--Health Care Administration

Sec. 711. Maintenance of inpatient capabilities of military medical 
              treatment facilities located outside the United States.
Sec. 712. Modification of priority for evaluation and treatment of 
              individuals at military treatment facilities.
Sec. 713. Clarification of administration of military medical treatment 
              facilities.
Sec. 714. Regular update of prescription drug pricing standard under 
              TRICARE retail pharmacy program.
Sec. 715. Modification of execution of TRICARE contracting 
              responsibilities.
Sec. 716. Additional emergency uses for medical products to reduce 
              deaths and severity of injuries caused by agents of war.
Sec. 717. Modification of determination of average wait times at urgent 
              care clinics and pharmacies at military medical treatment 
              facilities under pilot program.
Sec. 718. Requirement for reimbursement by Department of Defense to 
              entities carrying out State vaccination programs for 
              costs of vaccines provided to covered beneficiaries.
Sec. 719. Extension of authority for Joint Department of Defense-
              Department of Veterans Affairs Medical Facility 
              Demonstration Fund.
Sec. 720. Residency requirements for podiatrists.
Sec. 721. Authorization of physical therapist assistants and 
              occupational therapy assistants to provide services under 
              the TRICARE program.
Sec. 722. Selection of military commanders and directors of military 
              medical treatment facilities.

                 Subtitle C--Reports and Other Matters

Sec. 731. Pilot program on health care assistance system.
Sec. 732. Feasibility study on conduct of pilot program on mental 
              health readiness of part-time members of the reserve 
              components of the Armed Forces.
Sec. 733. Report on plan to improve pediatric care and related services 
              for children of members of the Armed Forces.
Sec. 734. Longitudinal medical study on blast pressure exposure of 
              members of the Armed Forces.
Sec. 735. Study on safe opioid prescribing practices.
Sec. 736. Report on implementation of GAO recommendations.
Sec. 737. Declassification by Department of Defense of certain 
              incidents of exposure of members of the Armed Forces to 
              toxic substances.
Sec. 738. Coordination by Veterans Health Administration of efforts to 
              understand effects of burn pits.
Sec. 739. TRICARE technical amendments.

           Subtitle A--TRICARE and Other Health Care Benefits

     SEC. 701. CONTINUED ACCESS TO MEDICAL CARE AT FACILITIES OF 
                   THE UNIFORMED SERVICES FOR CERTAIN MEMBERS OF 
                   THE RESERVE COMPONENTS.

       (a) TRICARE Reserve Select.--Paragraph (2) of section 
     1076d(f) of title 10, United States Code, is amended to read 
     as follows:
       ``(2) The term `TRICARE Reserve Select' means--
       ``(A) medical care at facilities of the uniformed services 
     to which a dependent described in section 1076(a)(2) of this 
     title is entitled; and
       ``(B) health benefits under the TRICARE Select self-
     managed, preferred provider network option under section 1075 
     of this title made available to beneficiaries by reason of 
     this section and subject to the cost-sharing requirements set 
     forth in such section 1075.''.
       (b) TRICARE Retired Reserve.--Section 1076e is amended--
       (1) In subsection (b), in the subsection heading, by 
     striking ``Retired Reserve'';
       (2) In subsection (c), by striking ``Retired Reserve'' the 
     last place it appears; and
       (3) in subsection (f), by striking paragraph (2) and 
     inserting the following:
       ``(2) The term `TRICARE Retired Reserve' means--
       ``(A) medical care at facilities of the uniformed services 
     to which a dependent described in section 1076(a)(2) of this 
     title is entitled; and
       ``(B) health benefits under the TRICARE Select self-
     managed, preferred provider network option under section 1075 
     of this title made available to beneficiaries by reason of 
     this section and subject to the cost-sharing requirements set 
     forth in such section 1075.''.

     SEC. 702. MODIFICATIONS OF COST-SHARING REQUIREMENTS FOR THE 
                   TRICARE PHARMACY BENEFITS PROGRAM AND TREATMENT 
                   OF CERTAIN PHARMACEUTICAL AGENTS.

       (a) In General.--Paragraph (6) of section 1074g(a) of title 
     10, United States Code, is amended to read as follows:
       ``(6)(A) In the case of any of the years 2018 through 2027, 
     the cost-sharing amounts under this subsection for eligible 
     covered beneficiaries shall be determined in accordance with 
     the following table:


[[Page H8746]]



------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                     The cost-
             The cost-                sharing                 The cost-
              sharing    The cost-     amount    The cost-     sharing
               amount     sharing    for a 90-    sharing     amount for
             for a 30-   amount for     day      amount for    a 90-day
   ``For:       day       a 30-day   supply of    a 90-day   supply of a
             supply of  supply of a    a mail   supply of a   mail order
              a retail     retail      order     mail order      non-
              generic    formulary    generic    formulary    formulary
                is:         is:         is:         is:          is:
 
------------------------------------------------------------------------
    2018          $11         $28          $7         $24          $53
------------------------------------------------------------------------
    2019          $11         $28          $7         $24          $53
------------------------------------------------------------------------
    2020          $13         $33         $10         $29          $60
------------------------------------------------------------------------
    2021          $13         $33         $10         $29          $60
------------------------------------------------------------------------
    2022          $14         $38         $12         $34          $68
------------------------------------------------------------------------
    2023          $14         $38         $12         $34          $68
------------------------------------------------------------------------
    2024          $16         $43         $13         $38          $76
------------------------------------------------------------------------
    2025          $16         $43         $13         $38          $76
------------------------------------------------------------------------
    2026          $16         $48         $14         $44          $85
------------------------------------------------------------------------
    2027          $16         $48         $14         $44          $85
------------------------------------------------------------------------

     -  ``(B) For any year after 2027, the cost-sharing amounts 
     under this subsection for eligible covered beneficiaries 
     shall be equal to the cost-sharing amounts for the previous 
     year adjusted by an amount, if any, determined by the 
     Secretary to reflect changes in the costs of pharmaceutical 
     agents and prescription dispensing, rounded to the nearest 
     dollar.
       ``(C) Notwithstanding subparagraphs (A) and (B), the cost-
     sharing amounts under this subsection for a dependent of a 
     member of the uniformed services who dies while on active 
     duty, a member retired under chapter 61 of this title, or a 
     dependent of a member retired under such chapter shall be 
     equal to the cost-sharing amounts, if any, for 2017.''.
       (b) Treatment of Certain Pharmaceutical Agents.--
       (1) Pharmacy benefits program.--Such section is amended by 
     adding at the end the following new paragraph:
       ``(10) Notwithstanding paragraphs (2), (5), and (6), in 
     order to encourage the use by covered beneficiaries of 
     pharmaceutical agents that provide the best clinical 
     effectiveness to covered beneficiaries and the Department of 
     Defense (as determined by the Secretary, including 
     considerations of better care, healthier people, and smarter 
     spending), the Secretary may, upon the recommendation of the 
     Pharmacy and Therapeutics Committee established under 
     subsection (b) and review by the Uniform Formulary 
     Beneficiary Advisory Panel established under subsection (c)--
       ``(A) exclude from the pharmacy benefits program any 
     pharmaceutical agent that the Secretary determines provides 
     very little or no clinical effectiveness to covered 
     beneficiaries and the Department under the program; and
       ``(B) give preferential status to any non-generic 
     pharmaceutical agent on the uniform formulary by treating it, 
     for purposes of cost-sharing under paragraph (6), as a 
     generic product under the TRICARE retail pharmacy program and 
     mail order pharmacy program.''.
       (2) Medical contracts.--Section 1079 of such title is 
     amended by adding at the end the following new subsection:
       ``(q) In the case of any pharmaceutical agent (as defined 
     in section 1074g(g) of this title) provided under a contract 
     entered into under this section by a physician, in an 
     outpatient department of a hospital, or otherwise as part of 
     any medical services provided under such a contract, the 
     Secretary of Defense may, under regulations prescribed by the 
     Secretary, adopt special reimbursement methods, amounts, and 
     procedures to encourage the use of high-value products and 
     discourage the use of low-value products, as determined by 
     the Secretary.''.
       (3) Regulations.--In order to implement expeditiously the 
     reforms authorized by the amendments made by paragraphs (1) 
     and (2), the Secretary of Defense may prescribe such changes 
     to the regulations implementing the TRICARE program (as 
     defined in section 1072 of title 10, United States Code) as 
     the Secretary considers appropriate--
       (A) by prescribing an interim final rule; and
       (B) not later than one year after prescribing such interim 
     final rule and considering public comments with respect to 
     such interim final rule, by prescribing a final rule.

     SEC. 703. PROVISION OF HYPERBARIC OXYGEN THERAPY FOR CERTAIN 
                   MEMBERS OF THE ARMED FORCES.

       (a) HBOT Treatment.--
       (1) In general.--Chapter 55 of title 10, United States 
     Code, is amended by inserting after section 1074n the 
     following new section:

     ``Sec. 1074o. Provision of hyperbaric oxygen therapy for 
       certain members

       ``(a) In General.--The Secretary may furnish hyperbaric 
     oxygen therapy available at a military medical treatment 
     facility to a covered member if such therapy is prescribed by 
     a physician to treat post-traumatic stress disorder or 
     traumatic brain injury.
       ``(b) Covered Member Defined.--In this section, the term 
     `covered member' means a member of the armed forces who is--
       ``(1) serving on active duty; and
       ``(2) diagnosed with post-traumatic stress disorder or 
     traumatic brain injury.''.
       (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at the 
     beginning of such chapter is amended by inserting after the 
     item relating to section 1074n the following new item:

``1074o. Provision of hyperbaric oxygen therapy for certain members.''.
       (b) Effective Date.--The amendments made by subsection (a) 
     shall take effect 90 days after the date of the enactment of 
     this Act.

     SEC. 704. SPECIFICATION THAT INDIVIDUALS UNDER THE AGE OF 21 
                   ARE ELIGIBLE FOR HOSPICE CARE SERVICES UNDER 
                   THE TRICARE PROGRAM.

       Section 1079(a)(15) of title 10, United States Code, is 
     amended by inserting before the period at the end the 
     following: ``, except that hospice care may be provided to an 
     individual under the age of 21 concurrently with health care 
     services or hospitalization for the same condition''.

     SEC. 705. PHYSICAL EXAMINATIONS FOR MEMBERS OF A RESERVE 
                   COMPONENT WHO ARE SEPARATING FROM THE ARMED 
                   FORCES.

       Section 1145 of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
       (1) by redesignating subsections (d) and (e) as subsections 
     (e) and (f), respectively; and
       (2) by inserting after subsection (c) the following new 
     subsection (d):
       ``(d) Physical Examinations for Certain Members of a 
     Reserve Component.--(1) The Secretary concerned shall provide 
     a physical examination pursuant to subsection (a)(5) to each 
     member of a reserve component who--
       ``(A) during the two-year period before the date on which 
     the member is scheduled to be separated from the armed forces 
     served on active duty in support of a contingency operation 
     for a period of more than 30 days;
       ``(B) will not otherwise receive such an examination under 
     such subsection; and
       ``(C) elects to receive such a physical examination.
       ``(2) The Secretary concerned shall--
       ``(A) provide the physical examination under paragraph (1) 
     to a member during the 90-day period before the date on which 
     the member is scheduled to be separated from the armed 
     forces; and
       ``(B) issue orders to such a member to receive such 
     physical examination.
       ``(3) A member may not be entitled to health care benefits 
     pursuant to subsection (a), (b), or (c) solely by reason of 
     being provided a physical examination under paragraph (1).
       ``(4) In providing to a member a physical examination under 
     paragraph (1), the Secretary concerned shall provide to the 
     member a record of the physical examination.''.

     SEC. 706. MENTAL HEALTH ASSESSMENTS BEFORE MEMBERS SEPARATE 
                   FROM THE ARMED FORCES.

       (a) In General.--Section 1145(a)(5)(A) of title 10, United 
     States Code, is amended by inserting ``and a mental health 
     assessment conducted pursuant to section 1074n of this 
     title'' after ``a physical examination''.
       (b) Conforming Amendment.--Section 1074n(a) of such title 
     is amended by inserting ``(and before separation from active 
     duty pursuant to section 1145(a)(5)(A) of this title)'' after 
     ``each calendar year''.

[[Page H8747]]

  


     SEC. 707. EXPANSION OF SEXUAL TRAUMA COUNSELING AND TREATMENT 
                   FOR MEMBERS OF THE RESERVE COMPONENTS.

       Section 1720D(a)(2)(A) of title 38, United States Code, is 
     amended--
       (1) by striking ``on active duty''; and
       (2) by inserting before the period at the end the 
     following: ``that was suffered by the member while serving on 
     active duty, active duty for training, or inactive duty 
     training''.

     SEC. 708. EXPEDITED EVALUATION AND TREATMENT FOR PRENATAL 
                   SURGERY UNDER THE TRICARE PROGRAM.

       (a) In General.--The Secretary of Defense shall implement 
     processes and procedures to ensure that a covered beneficiary 
     under the TRICARE program whose pregnancy is complicated with 
     (or suspected of complication with) a fetal condition may 
     elect to receive expedited evaluation, nondirective 
     counseling, and medical treatment from a perinatal or 
     pediatric specialist capable of providing surgical management 
     and intervention in utero.
       (b) Definitions.--In this section, the terms ``covered 
     beneficiary'' and ``TRICARE program'' have the meanings given 
     those terms in section 1072 of title 10, United States Code.

                 Subtitle B--Health Care Administration

     SEC. 711. MAINTENANCE OF INPATIENT CAPABILITIES OF MILITARY 
                   MEDICAL TREATMENT FACILITIES LOCATED OUTSIDE 
                   THE UNITED STATES.

       Section 1073d of title 10, United States Code, is amended 
     by adding at the end the following new subsection:
       ``(e) Maintenance of Inpatient Capabilities at Military 
     Medical Treatment Facilities Located Outside the United 
     States.--(1) In carrying out subsection (a), the Secretary of 
     Defense shall ensure that each covered facility maintains, at 
     a minimum, inpatient capabilities that the Secretary 
     determines are similar to the inpatient capabilities of such 
     facility on September 30, 2016.
       ``(2) The Secretary may not eliminate the inpatient 
     capabilities of a covered facility until the day that is 180 
     days after the Secretary provides a briefing to the 
     Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of 
     Representatives regarding the proposed elimination. During 
     any such briefing, the Secretary shall certify the following:
       ``(A) The Secretary has entered into agreements with 
     hospitals or medical centers in the host nation of such 
     covered facility that--
       ``(i) replace the inpatient capabilities the Secretary 
     proposes to eliminate; and
       ``(ii) ensure members of the armed forces and covered 
     beneficiaries who receive health care from such covered 
     facility, have, within a distance the Secretary determines is 
     reasonable, access to quality health care, including case 
     management and translation services.
       ``(B) The Secretary has consulted with the commander of the 
     geographic combatant command in which such covered facility 
     is located to ensure that the proposed elimination would have 
     no impact on the operational plan for such geographic 
     combatant command.
       ``(C) Before the Secretary eliminates the inpatient 
     capabilities of such covered facility, the Secretary shall 
     provide each member of the armed forces or covered 
     beneficiary who receives health care from the covered 
     facility with--
       ``(i) a transition plan for continuity of health care for 
     such member or covered beneficiary; and
       ``(ii) a public forum to discuss the concerns of the member 
     or covered beneficiary regarding the proposed reduction.
       ``(3) In this subsection, the term `covered facility' means 
     a military medical treatment facility located outside the 
     United States.''.

     SEC. 712. MODIFICATION OF PRIORITY FOR EVALUATION AND 
                   TREATMENT OF INDIVIDUALS AT MILITARY TREATMENT 
                   FACILITIES.

       Subsection (b) of section 717 of the National Defense 
     Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328) 
     is amended to read as follows:
       ``(b) Priority of Covered Beneficiaries.--
       ``(1) In general.--Except as provided in paragraph (2), the 
     evaluation and treatment of covered beneficiaries at military 
     treatment facilities shall be prioritized ahead of the 
     evaluation and treatment of veterans and civilians at such 
     facilities under subsection (a).
       ``(2) Waiver.--The Secretary may waive the requirement 
     under paragraph (1) in order to provide timely evaluation and 
     treatment for individuals who are--
       ``(A) severely wounded or injured by acts of terror that 
     occur in the United States; or
       ``(B) residents of the United States who are severely 
     wounded or injured by acts of terror outside the United 
     States.''.

     SEC. 713. CLARIFICATION OF ADMINISTRATION OF MILITARY MEDICAL 
                   TREATMENT FACILITIES.

       Section 1073c(a) of title 10, United States Code, is 
     amended--
       (1) in paragraph (1)(E), by striking ``miliary'' and 
     inserting ``military'';
       (2) in paragraph (2), in the matter preceding subparagraph 
     (A), by striking ``commander'' and inserting ``military 
     commander or director''; and
       (3) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
       ``(4) If the Secretary of Defense determines it 
     appropriate, a military director (or any other senior 
     military officer or officers) of a military medical treatment 
     facility may be a commanding officer for purposes of chapter 
     47 of this title (the Uniform Code of Military Justice) with 
     respect to military personnel assigned to the military 
     medical treatment facility.''.

     SEC. 714. REGULAR UPDATE OF PRESCRIPTION DRUG PRICING 
                   STANDARD UNDER TRICARE RETAIL PHARMACY PROGRAM.

       Section 1074g(d) of title 10, United States Code, is 
     amended by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
       ``(3) With respect to the TRICARE retail pharmacy program 
     described in subsection (a)(2)(E)(ii), the Secretary shall 
     ensure that a contract entered into with a TRICARE pharmacy 
     program contractor includes requirements described in section 
     1860D-12(b)(6) of the Social Security Act (42 U.S.C. 1395w-
     112(b)(6)) to ensure the provision of information regarding 
     the pricing standard for prescription drugs.''.

     SEC. 715. MODIFICATION OF EXECUTION OF TRICARE CONTRACTING 
                   RESPONSIBILITIES.

       Subsection (b) of section 705 of the National Defense 
     Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328) 
     is amended to read as follows:
       ``(b) Execution of Contracting Responsibility.--With 
     respect to any acquisition of managed care support services 
     under the TRICARE program initiated after the date of the 
     enactment of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
     Fiscal Year 2018, the Under Secretary of Defense for 
     Acquisition and Sustainment shall be responsible for--
       ``(1) decisions relating to such acquisition;
       ``(2) approving the acquisition strategy; and
       ``(3) conducting pre-solicitation, pre-award, and post-
     award acquisition reviews.''.

     SEC. 716. ADDITIONAL EMERGENCY USES FOR MEDICAL PRODUCTS TO 
                   REDUCE DEATHS AND SEVERITY OF INJURIES CAUSED 
                   BY AGENTS OF WAR.

       Section 1107a of title 10, United States Code, is amended 
     by adding at the end the following new subsection:
       ``(d) Additional Authority to Reduce Deaths and Severity of 
     Injuries Caused by Agents of War.--(1) In a case in which an 
     emergency use of an unapproved product or an emergency 
     unapproved use of an approved product cannot be authorized 
     under section 564 of the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act 
     (21 U.S.C. 360bbb-3) because the emergency does not involve 
     an actual or threatened attack with a biological, chemical, 
     radiological, or nuclear agent or agents, the Secretary of 
     Defense may authorize an emergency use outside the United 
     States of the product to reduce the number of deaths or the 
     severity of harm to members of the armed forces (or 
     individuals associated with deployed members of the armed 
     forces) caused by a risk or agent of war.
       ``(2) Except as otherwise provided in this subsection, an 
     authorization by the Secretary under paragraph (1) shall have 
     the same effect with respect to the armed forces as an 
     emergency use authorization under section 564 of the Federal 
     Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (21 U.S.C. 360bbb-3).
       ``(3) The Secretary may issue an authorization under 
     paragraph (1) with respect to the emergency use of an 
     unapproved product or the emergency unapproved use of an 
     approved product only if--
       ``(A) the committee established under paragraph (5) has 
     recommended that the Secretary issue the authorization; and
       ``(B) the Assistant Secretary of Defense for Health Affairs 
     makes a written determination, after consultation with the 
     Commissioner of Food and Drugs, that, based on the totality 
     of scientific evidence available to the Assistant Secretary, 
     criteria comparable to those specified in section 564(c) of 
     the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (21 U.S.C. 360bbb-
     3(c)) have been met.
       ``(4) With respect to the emergency use of an unapproved 
     product or the emergency unapproved use of an approved 
     product under this subsection, the Secretary of Defense shall 
     establish such scope, conditions, and terms under this 
     subsection as the Secretary considers appropriate, including 
     scope, conditions, and terms comparable to those specified in 
     section 564 of the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (21 
     U.S.C. 360bbb-3).
       ``(5)(A) There is established in the Department of Defense 
     a Department of Defense Emergency Use Authorization Committee 
     (in this paragraph referred to as the `Committee') to advise 
     the Assistant Secretary of Defense for Health Affairs on 
     proposed authorizations under this subsection.
       ``(B) Members of the Committee shall be appointed by the 
     Secretary of Defense and shall consist of prominent health 
     care professionals who are not employees of the Department of 
     Defense (other than for purposes of serving as a member of 
     the Committee).
       ``(C) The Committee may be established as a subcommittee of 
     another Federal advisory committee.
       ``(6) In this subsection:
       ``(A) The term `biological product' has the meaning given 
     that term in section 351(i) of the Public Health Service Act 
     (42 U.S.C. 262(i)).
       ``(B) The terms `device' and `drug' have the meanings given 
     those terms in section 201 of the Federal Food, Drug, and 
     Cosmetic Act (21 U.S.C. 321).
       ``(C) The term `product' means a drug, device, or 
     biological product.
       ``(D) The terms `unapproved product' and `unapproved use of 
     an approved product' have the meanings given those terms in 
     section 564(a)(4) of the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act 
     (21 U.S.C. 360bbb-3(a)(4)).''.

     SEC. 717. MODIFICATION OF DETERMINATION OF AVERAGE WAIT TIMES 
                   AT URGENT CARE CLINICS AND PHARMACIES AT 
                   MILITARY MEDICAL TREATMENT FACILITIES UNDER 
                   PILOT PROGRAM.

       (a) Urgent Care Clinics.--Subsection (c)(2) of section 744 
     of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 
     2017 (Public Law 114-328) is amended to read as follows:
       ``(2) Determination.--In carrying out paragraph (1), the 
     Secretary shall determine the average wait time to display 
     under such paragraph by using a formula derived from best 
     practices in the health care industry.''.

[[Page H8748]]

       (b) Pharmacies.--Subsection (d)(2) of such section is 
     amended to read as follows:
       ``(2) Determination.--In carrying out paragraph (1), the 
     Secretary shall determine the average wait time to display 
     under such paragraph by using a formula derived from best 
     practices in the health care industry.''.

     SEC. 718. REQUIREMENT FOR REIMBURSEMENT BY DEPARTMENT OF 
                   DEFENSE TO ENTITIES CARRYING OUT STATE 
                   VACCINATION PROGRAMS FOR COSTS OF VACCINES 
                   PROVIDED TO COVERED BENEFICIARIES.

       Section 719 of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
     Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328; 10 U.S.C. 1074g note) 
     is amended--
       (1) in the section heading, by striking ``authorization of 
     reimbursement'' and
       inserting ``reimbursement''; and
       (2) in subsection (a)(1), by striking ``may'' and inserting 
     ``shall''.

     SEC. 719. EXTENSION OF AUTHORITY FOR JOINT DEPARTMENT OF 
                   DEFENSE-DEPARTMENT OF VETERANS AFFAIRS MEDICAL 
                   FACILITY DEMONSTRATION FUND.

       Section 1704(e) of the National Defense Authorization Act 
     for Fiscal Year 2010 (Public Law 111-84; 123 Stat. 2573), as 
     amended by section 722 of the Carl Levin and Howard P. 
     ``Buck'' McKeon National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
     Year 2015 (Public Law 113-291), section 723 of the National 
     Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2016 (Public Law 
     114-92), and section 741(a) of the National Defense 
     Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328), 
     is further amended by striking ``September 30, 2018'' and 
     inserting ``September 30, 2019''.

     SEC. 720. RESIDENCY REQUIREMENTS FOR PODIATRISTS.

       (a) Requirement.--In addition to any other qualification 
     required by law or regulation, the Secretary of Defense shall 
     ensure that to serve as a podiatrist in the Armed Forces, an 
     individual must have successfully completed a three-year 
     podiatric medicine and surgical residency.
       (b) Application.--Subsection (a) shall apply with respect 
     to an individual who is commissioned as an officer in the 
     Armed Forces on or after the date that is one year after the 
     date of the enactment of this Act.

     SEC. 721. AUTHORIZATION OF PHYSICAL THERAPIST ASSISTANTS AND 
                   OCCUPATIONAL THERAPY ASSISTANTS TO PROVIDE 
                   SERVICES UNDER THE TRICARE PROGRAM.

       (a) Addition to List of Authorized Professional Providers 
     of Care.--The Secretary of Defense shall revise section 
     199.6(c) of title 32, Code of Federal Regulations, as in 
     effect on the date of the enactment of this Act, to add to 
     the list of individual professional providers of care who are 
     authorized to provide services to beneficiaries under the 
     TRICARE program, as defined in section 1072 of title 10, 
     United States Code, the following types of health care 
     practitioners:
       (1) Licensed or certified physical therapist assistants who 
     meet the qualifications for physical therapist assistants 
     specified in section 484.4 of title 42, Code of Federal 
     Regulations, or any successor regulation, to furnish services 
     under the supervision of a physical therapist.
       (2) Licensed or certified occupational therapy assistants 
     who meet the qualifications for occupational therapy 
     assistants specified in such section 484.4, or any successor 
     regulation, to furnish services under the supervision of an 
     occupational therapist.
       (b) Supervision.--The Secretary of Defense shall establish 
     in regulations requirements for the supervision of physical 
     therapist assistants and occupational therapy assistants, 
     respectively, by physical therapists and occupational 
     therapists, respectively.
       (c) Manuals and Other Guidance.--The Secretary of Defense 
     shall update the CHAMPVA Policy Manual and other relevant 
     manuals and subregulatory guidance of the Department of 
     Defense to carry out the revisions and requirements of this 
     section.

     SEC. 722. SELECTION OF MILITARY COMMANDERS AND DIRECTORS OF 
                   MILITARY MEDICAL TREATMENT FACILITIES.

       (a) In General.--Not later than January 1, 2019, the 
     Secretary of Defense, in consultation with the Secretaries of 
     the military departments, shall establish the common 
     qualifications and core competencies required for an 
     individual to serve as a military commander or director of a 
     military medical treatment facility.
       (b) Objective.--The objective of the Secretary under this 
     section shall be to ensure that each individual selected to 
     serve as a military commander or director of a military 
     medical treatment facility is highly qualified to serve as 
     health system executive.
       (c) Standards.--In establishing common qualifications and 
     core competencies under subsection (a), the Secretary shall 
     include standards with respect to the following:
       (1) Professional competence.
       (2) Moral and ethical integrity and character.
       (3) Formal education in health care executive leadership 
     and in health care management.
       (4) Such other matters the Secretary determines to be 
     appropriate.

                 Subtitle C--Reports and Other Matters

     SEC. 731. PILOT PROGRAM ON HEALTH CARE ASSISTANCE SYSTEM.

       (a) Pilot Program.--The Secretary of Defense shall carry 
     out a pilot program to provide a health care assistance 
     service to certain covered beneficiaries enrolled in TRICARE 
     Select using purchased care to improve the health outcomes 
     and patient experience for covered beneficiaries with complex 
     medical conditions.
       (b) Elements.--The pilot program under subsection (a) may 
     include the following elements:
       (1) Assisting beneficiaries with complex medical conditions 
     to understand and use the health benefits under the TRICARE 
     program.
       (2) Supporting such beneficiaries in accessing and 
     navigating the purchased care health care delivery system.
       (3) Providing such beneficiaries with information to allow 
     the beneficiaries to make informed decisions regarding the 
     quality, safety, and cost of available health care services.
       (4) Improving the health outcomes for such beneficiaries.
       (c) Duration.--The Secretary shall carry out the pilot 
     program for an amount of time determined appropriate by the 
     Secretary during the five-year period beginning 180 days 
     after the date of the enactment of this Act.
       (d) Report.--Not later than January 1, 2021, the Secretary 
     shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the House 
     of Representatives and the Senate a report containing an 
     evaluation of the success of the pilot program under 
     subsection (a), including--
       (1) an analysis of the implementation of the elements under 
     subsection (b); and
       (2) the feasibility of incorporating such elements into 
     TRICARE support contracts.
       (e) Definitions.--In this section, the terms ``covered 
     beneficiary'', ``TRICARE program'', and ``TRICARE Select'' 
     have the meaning given those terms in section 1072 of title 
     10, United States Code.

     SEC. 732. FEASIBILITY STUDY ON CONDUCT OF PILOT PROGRAM ON 
                   MENTAL HEALTH READINESS OF PART-TIME MEMBERS OF 
                   THE RESERVE COMPONENTS OF THE ARMED FORCES.

       (a) In General.--Not later than one year after the date of 
     the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall 
     conduct a feasibility study and cost estimate for a pilot 
     program that uses predictive analytics and screening to 
     identify mental health risk and provide early, targeted 
     intervention for part-time members of the reserve components 
     of the Armed Forces to improve readiness and mission success.
       (b) Elements.--The feasibility study conducted under 
     subsection (a) shall include elements to assess the following 
     with respect to the pilot program studied under such 
     subsection:
       (1) The anticipated improvement in quality of behavioral 
     health services for part-time members of the reserve 
     components of the Armed Forces and the impact of such 
     improvement in quality of behavioral health services on their 
     families and employers.
       (2) The anticipated impact on the culture surrounding 
     behavioral health treatment and help-seeking behavior.
       (3) The feasibility of embedding mental health 
     professionals with units that--
       (A) perform core mission sets and capabilities; and
       (B) carry out high-risk and high-demand missions.
       (4) The particular preventative mental health needs of 
     units at different states of their operational readiness 
     cycle.
       (5) The need for additional personnel of the Department of 
     Defense to implement the pilot program.
       (6) The cost of implementing the pilot program throughout 
     the reserve components of the Armed Forces.
       (7) The benefits of an integrated operational support team 
     for the Air National Guard and Army National Guard units.
       (c) Comparison to Full-time Members of Reserve 
     Components.--As part of the feasibility study conducted under 
     subsection (a), the Secretary shall assess the mental health 
     risk of part-time members of the reserve components of the 
     Armed Forces as compared to full-time members of the reserve 
     components of the Armed Forces.
       (d) Use of Existing Models.--In conducting the feasibility 
     study under subsection (a), the Secretary, to the extent 
     practicable, shall make use of existing models for 
     preventative mental health care.

     SEC. 733. REPORT ON PLAN TO IMPROVE PEDIATRIC CARE AND 
                   RELATED SERVICES FOR CHILDREN OF MEMBERS OF THE 
                   ARMED FORCES.

       (a) In General.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
     the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall 
     submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and 
     the House of Representatives a report setting forth a plan of 
     the Department of Defense to improve pediatric care and 
     related services for children of members of the Armed Forces.
       (b) Elements.--The report required by subsection (a) shall 
     include the following:
       (1) In order to ensure that children receive 
     developmentally appropriate and age-appropriate health care 
     services from the Department, a plan to align preventive 
     pediatric care under the TRICARE program with--
       (A) standards for such care as required by the Patient 
     Protection and Affordable Care Act (Public Law 111-148);
       (B) guidelines established for such care by the Early and 
     Periodic Screening, Diagnosis, and Treatment program under 
     the Medicaid program carried out under title XIX of the 
     Social Security Act (42 U.S.C. 1396 et seq.); and
       (C) recommendations by organizations that specialize in 
     pediatrics.
       (2) A plan to develop a uniform definition of ``pediatric 
     medical necessity'' for the Department that aligns with 
     recommendations of organizations that specialize in 
     pediatrics in order to ensure that a consistent definition of 
     such term is used in providing health care in military 
     treatment facilities and by health care providers under the 
     TRICARE program.
       (3) A plan to develop measures to evaluate and improve 
     access to pediatric care, coordination of pediatric care, and 
     health outcomes for such children.
       (4) A plan to include an assessment of access to pediatric 
     specialty care in the annual report to Congress on the 
     effectiveness of the TRICARE program.

[[Page H8749]]

       (5) A plan to improve the quality of and access to 
     behavioral health care under the TRICARE program for children 
     of members of the Armed Forces, including intensive 
     outpatient and partial hospitalization services.
       (6) A plan to mitigate the impact of permanent changes of 
     station and other service-related relocations of members of 
     the Armed Forces on the continuity of health care services 
     received by such children who have special medical or 
     behavioral health needs.
       (7) A plan to mitigate deficiencies in data collection, 
     data utilization, and data analysis to improve pediatric care 
     and related services for children of members of the Armed 
     Forces.
       (c) TRICARE Program Defined.--In this section, the term 
     ``TRICARE program'' has the meaning given such term in 
     section 1072 of title 10, United States Code.

     SEC. 734. LONGITUDINAL MEDICAL STUDY ON BLAST PRESSURE 
                   EXPOSURE OF MEMBERS OF THE ARMED FORCES.

       (a) In General.--The Secretary of Defense shall conduct a 
     longitudinal medical study on blast pressure exposure of 
     members of the Armed Forces during combat and training, 
     including members who train with any high overpressure weapon 
     system, such as anti-tank recoilless rifles or heavy-caliber 
     sniper rifles.
       (b) Elements.--The study required under subsection (a) 
     shall--
       (1) monitor, record, and analyze data on blast pressure 
     exposure for any member of the Armed Forces who is likely to 
     be exposed to a blast in training or combat;
       (2) assess the feasibility and advisability of including 
     blast exposure history as part of the service record of a 
     member, as a blast exposure log, in order to ensure that, if 
     medical issues arise later, the member receives care for any 
     service-connected injuries; and
       (3) review the safety precautions surrounding heavy weapons 
     training to account for emerging research on blast exposure 
     and the effects of such exposure on cognitive performance of 
     members of the Armed Forces.
       (c) Reports.--
       (1) Interim report.--Not later than one year after the date 
     of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall submit to 
     the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House 
     of Representatives an interim report on the study methods and 
     action plan for the study under subsection (a).
       (2) Final report.--Not later than four years after the date 
     the Secretary begins the study under subsection (a), the 
     Secretary shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services of 
     the Senate and the House of Representatives a report on the 
     results of such study.

     SEC. 735. STUDY ON SAFE OPIOID PRESCRIBING PRACTICES.

       (a) Study.--The Secretary of Defense shall conduct a study 
     on the effectiveness of the training provided to military 
     health care providers regarding opioid prescribing practices, 
     initiatives in opioid safety, the use of the VA/DOD Clinical 
     Practice Guideline for Management of Opioid Therapy for 
     Chronic Pain, and other related training.
       (b) Elements.--The study under subsection (a) shall address 
     the effectiveness of training with respect to the following:
       (1) Identifying and treating individuals with chronic pain.
       (2) Reducing the total number of prescription opioids 
     dispensed by the Department of Defense to beneficiaries of 
     health care furnished by the Department.
       (3) Prescribing practices for opioid analgesic therapy, 
     including--
       (A) reducing average dosage sizes;
       (B) reducing the average number of dosages;
       (C) reducing initial and average durations of opioid 
     analgesic therapy;
       (D) reducing dose escalation when opioid analgesic therapy 
     results in adequate pain reduction; and
       (E) reducing the average number of prescription opioid 
     analgesics dispensed by the Department of Defense.
       (4) Reducing the number of overdoses due to prescription 
     opioids for patients with acute pain and patients undergoing 
     opioid therapy for chronic pain.
       (5) Providing counseling and referrals to treatment 
     alternatives to opioid analgesics.
       (6) Providing education on the risks of opioid medications 
     to individuals for whom such medications are prescribed, and 
     to their families, with special consideration given to 
     raising awareness among adolescents on such risks.
       (7) Effectiveness in communicating to military health care 
     providers changes in policies of the Department of Defense 
     regarding opioid safety and prescribing practices.
       (c) Assessment.--The Secretary of Defense shall also 
     consider the feasibility and advisability of further 
     strengthening opioid prescribing practices by means of the 
     following:
       (1) Developing and implementing a physician advisory 
     committee of the Department of Defense regarding education 
     programs for prescribers of opioid analgesics.
       (2) Developing methods to encourage health care providers 
     of the Department to use physical therapy or alternative 
     methods to treat acute or chronic pain.
       (3) Developing curricula regarding pain management and safe 
     opioid analgesic prescription practices that incorporate 
     opioid analgesic prescribing guidelines issued by the Centers 
     for Disease Control and Prevention.
       (d) Briefing.--Not later than one year after the date of 
     the enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall provide to the 
     Committees on Armed Services of the House of Representatives 
     and the Senate a briefing on the results of the study under 
     subsection (a) and the assessment under subsection (c).

     SEC. 736. REPORT ON IMPLEMENTATION OF GAO RECOMMENDATIONS.

       Not later than 180 days after the date of the enactment of 
     this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit a report to 
     the congressional defense committees on the implementation by 
     the Department of Defense of the recommendations from the 
     Government Accountability Office report entitled ``Actions 
     Needed to Ensure Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder and Traumatic 
     Brain Injury Are Considered in Misconduct Separations'' and 
     published May 16, 2017.

     SEC. 737. DECLASSIFICATION BY DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE OF 
                   CERTAIN INCIDENTS OF EXPOSURE OF MEMBERS OF THE 
                   ARMED FORCES TO TOXIC SUBSTANCES.

       (a) In General.--The Secretary of Defense shall conduct a 
     declassification review of documents related to any known 
     incident in which not fewer than 100 members of the Armed 
     Forces were intentionally exposed to a toxic substance that 
     resulted in at least one case of a disability that a member 
     of the medical profession has determined to be associated 
     with that toxic substance.
       (b) Limitation.--The declassification required by 
     subsection (a) shall be limited to information necessary for 
     an individual who was potentially exposed to a toxic 
     substance to determine the following:
       (1) Whether that individual was exposed to that toxic 
     substance.
       (2) The potential severity of the exposure of that 
     individual to that toxic substance.
       (3) Any potential health conditions that may have resulted 
     from exposure to that toxic substance.
       (c) Exception.--The Secretary of Defense is not required to 
     declassify documents under subsection (a) if the Secretary 
     determines that declassification of those documents would 
     materially and immediately threaten the security of the 
     United States.
       (d) Definitions.--In this section:
       (1) Armed forces.--The term ``Armed Forces'' has the 
     meaning given that term in section 101 of title 10, United 
     States Code.
       (2) Exposed.--The term ``exposed'' means, with respect to a 
     toxic substance, that an individual came into contact with 
     that toxic substance in a manner that could be hazardous to 
     the health of that individual, that may include if that toxic 
     substance was inhaled, ingested, or touched the skin or eyes.
       (3) Exposure.--The term ``exposure'' means, with respect to 
     a toxic substance, an event during which an individual was 
     exposed to that toxic substance.
       (4) Toxic substance.--The term ``toxic substance'' means 
     any substance determined by the Administrator of the 
     Environmental Protection Agency to be harmful to the 
     environment or hazardous to the health of an individual if 
     inhaled or ingested by or absorbed through the skin of that 
     individual.

     SEC. 738. COORDINATION BY VETERANS HEALTH ADMINISTRATION OF 
                   EFFORTS TO UNDERSTAND EFFECTS OF BURN PITS.

       The Under Secretary for Health of the Department of 
     Veterans Affairs, acting through the Office of Public Health 
     of the Veterans Health Administration, shall coordinate 
     efforts related to furthering understanding of burn pits, the 
     effect of burn pits on veterans, and effective treatments 
     relating to such effects, including with respect to research 
     efforts and training of clinical staff on related matters.

     SEC. 739. TRICARE TECHNICAL AMENDMENTS.

       (a) Definition of TRICARE Standard.--Paragraph (15) of 
     section 1072 of title 10, United States Code, is amended to 
     read as follows:
       ``(15) The term `TRICARE Standard' means the TRICARE 
     program made available prior to January 1, 2018, covering 
     health benefits contracted for under the authority of section 
     1079(a) or 1086(a) of this title and subject to the same 
     rates and conditions as apply to persons covered under those 
     sections.''.
       (b) Cost-sharing Amounts.--
       (1) TRICARE select.--
       (A) Allowance of cost-sharing amounts as determined by the 
     secretary.--Subsection (d) of section 1075 of such title is 
     amended by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
       ``(4) The cost-sharing requirements applicable to services 
     not specifically addressed in the table set forth in 
     paragraph (1) shall be established by the Secretary.''.
       (B) Modification of reference to ambulance civilian 
     network.--Paragraph (1) of such subsection is amended, in the 
     first column of the table, by striking ``Ambulance civilian 
     network'' and inserting ``Ground ambulance civilian 
     network''.
       (2) TRICARE prime.--
       (A) Allowance of cost-sharing amounts as determined by the 
     secretary.--Subsection (b) of section 1075a of such title is 
     amended by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
       ``(4) The cost-sharing requirements applicable to services 
     not specifically addressed in the table set forth in 
     paragraph (1) shall be established by the Secretary.''.
       (B) Modification of reference to ambulance civilian 
     network.--Paragraph (1) of such section is amended, in the 
     first column of the table, by striking ``Ambulance civilian 
     network'' and inserting ``Ground ambulance civilian 
     network''.
       (c) Medical Care for Dependents.--
       (1) Reference to medically necessary vitamins.--Paragraphs 
     (3) and (18) of section 1077(a) of such title are amended by 
     striking ``subsection (g)'' each place it appears and 
     inserting ``subsection (h)''.
       (2) Eligibility of dependents to purchase hearing aids.--
     Section 1077(g) of such title is amended by striking ``of 
     former members of the uniformed services'' and inserting 
     ``eligible for care under this section''.
       (d) Modification of Reference to Fiscal Year.--
       (1) Contracts for medical care for spouses and children.--
     Section 1079(b) such

[[Page H8750]]

     title is amended by striking ``fiscal year'' each place it 
     appears and inserting ``calendar year''.
       (2) Contracts for health benefits for certain members, 
     former members, and their dependents.--Section 1086(b) of 
     such title is amended by striking ``fiscal year'' each place 
     it appears and inserting ``calendar year''.
       (e) Referrals and Preauthorizations for TRICARE Prime.--
       (1) Preauthorization for care at residential treatment 
     centers.--Section 1095f(b) of such title is amended by adding 
     at the end the following new paragraph:
       ``(4) Inpatient care at a residential treatment center.''.
       (2) Reference.--Section 1075a(c) of such title is amended 
     by striking ``section 1075f(a)'' and inserting ``section 
     1095f(a)''.
       (f) Applicability of Premium for Dependent Coverage.--
     Section 1110b(c)(1) of such title is amended by striking 
     ``section 1075 of this section'' and inserting ``section 1075 
     or 1075a of this title, as appropriate''.

  TITLE VIII--ACQUISITION POLICY, ACQUISITION MANAGEMENT, AND RELATED 
                                MATTERS

             Subtitle A--Acquisition Policy and Management

Sec. 801. Statements of purpose for Department of Defense acquisition.
Sec. 802. Management of intellectual property matters within the 
              Department of Defense.
Sec. 803. Performance of incurred cost audits.
Sec. 804. Repeal of certain auditing requirements.
Sec. 805. Increased simplified acquisition threshold.
Sec. 806. Requirements related to the micro-purchase threshold.
Sec. 807. Process for enhanced supply chain scrutiny.
Sec. 808. Defense policy advisory committee on technology.
Sec. 809. Report on extension of development, acquisition, and 
              sustainment authorities of the military departments to 
              the United States Special Operations Command.
Sec. 810 . Technical and conforming amendments related to program 
              management provisions.

Subtitle B--Amendments to General Contracting Authorities, Procedures, 
                            and Limitations

Sec. 811. Modifications to cost or pricing data and reporting 
              requirements.
Sec. 812. Applicability of cost and pricing data certification 
              requirements.
Sec. 813. Sunset of certain provisions relating to the procurement of 
              goods other than United States goods.
Sec. 814. Comptroller General report on health and safety records.
Sec. 815. Limitation on unilateral definitization.
Sec. 816. Amendment to sustainment reviews.
Sec. 817. Use of program income by eligible entities that carry out 
              procurement technical assistance programs.
Sec. 818. Enhanced post-award debriefing rights.
Sec. 819. Amendments relating to information technology.
Sec. 820. Change to definition of subcontract in certain circumstances.
Sec. 821. Amendment relating to applicability of inflation adjustments.
Sec. 822. Use of lowest price technically acceptable source selection 
              process.
Sec. 823. Exemption from design-build selection procedures.
Sec. 824. Contract closeout authority.
Sec. 825. Elimination of cost underruns as factor in calculation of 
              penalties for cost overruns.
Sec. 826. Modification to annual meeting requirement of Configuration 
              Steering Boards.
Sec. 827. Pilot program on payment of costs for denied Government 
              Accountability Office bid protests.

 Subtitle C--Provisions Relating to Major Defense Acquisition Programs

Sec. 831. Revisions to definition of major defense acquisition program.
Sec. 832. Prohibition on use of lowest price technically acceptable 
              source selection process for major defense acquisition 
              programs.
Sec. 833. Role of the Chief of the armed force in material development 
              decision and acquisition system milestones.
Sec. 834. Requirement to emphasize reliability and maintainability in 
              weapon system design.
Sec. 835. Licensing of appropriate intellectual property to support 
              major weapon systems.
Sec. 836. Codification of requirements pertaining to assessment, 
              management, and control of operating and support costs 
              for major weapon systems.
Sec. 837. Should-cost management.
Sec. 838. Improvements to test and evaluation processes and tools.
Sec. 839. Enhancements to transparency in test and evaluation processes 
              and data.

        Subtitle D--Provisions Relating to Acquisition Workforce

Sec. 841. Enhancements to the civilian program management workforce.
Sec. 842. Credits to Department of Defense Acquisition Workforce 
              Development Fund.
Sec. 843. Improvements to the hiring and training of the acquisition 
              workforce.
Sec. 844. Extension and modifications to acquisition demonstration 
              project.

          Subtitle E--Provisions Relating to Commercial Items

Sec. 846. Procurement through commercial e-commerce portals.
Sec. 847. Revision to definition of commercial item.
Sec. 848. Commercial item determinations.
Sec. 849. Review of regulations on commercial items.
Sec. 850. Training in commercial items procurement.

        Subtitle F--Provisions Relating to Services Contracting

Sec. 851. Improvement of planning for acquisition of services.
Sec. 852. Standard guidelines for evaluation of requirements for 
              services contracts.
Sec. 853. Report on outcome-based services contracts.
Sec. 854. Pilot program for longer term multiyear service contracts.

  Subtitle G--Provisions Relating to Other Transaction Authority and 
                              Prototyping

Sec. 861. Contract authority for advanced development of initial or 
              additional prototype units.
Sec. 862. Methods for entering into research agreements.
Sec. 863. Education and training for transactions other than contracts 
              and grants.
Sec. 864. Other transaction authority for certain prototype projects.
Sec. 865. Amendment to nontraditional and small contractor innovation 
              prototyping program.
Sec. 866. Middle tier of acquisition for rapid prototype and rapid 
              fielding.
Sec. 867. Preference for use of other transactions and experimental 
              authority.
Sec. 868. Prototype projects to digitize defense acquisition 
              regulations, policies, and guidance, and empower user 
              tailoring of acquisition process.

        Subtitle H--Provisions Relating to Software Acquisition

Sec. 871. Noncommercial computer software acquisition considerations.
Sec. 872. Defense Innovation Board analysis of software acquisition 
              regulations.
Sec. 873. Pilot program to use agile or iterative development methods 
              to tailor major software-intensive warfighting systems 
              and defense business systems.
Sec. 874. Software development pilot program using agile best 
              practices.
Sec. 875. Pilot program for open source software.

                       Subtitle I--Other Matters

Sec. 881. Extension of maximum duration of fuel storage contracts.
Sec. 882. Procurement of aviation critical safety items.
Sec. 883. Modifications to the advisory panel on streamlining and 
              codifying acquisition regulations.
Sec. 884. Repeal of expired pilot program for leasing commercial 
              utility cargo vehicles.
Sec. 885. Exception for business operations from requirement to accept 
              $1 coins.
Sec. 886. Development of Procurement Administrative Lead Time.
Sec. 887. Notional milestones and standard timelines for contracts for 
              foreign military sales.
Sec. 888. Assessment and authority to terminate or prohibit contracts 
              for procurement from Chinese companies providing support 
              to the Democratic People's Republic of Korea.
Sec. 889. Report on defense contracting fraud.
Sec. 890. Comptroller General report on contractor business system 
              requirements.
Sec. 891. Training on agile or iterative development methods.

             Subtitle A--Acquisition Policy and Management

     SEC. 801. STATEMENTS OF PURPOSE FOR DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE 
                   ACQUISITION.

       Not later than 180 days after the date of the enactment of 
     this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall revise the Defense 
     Federal Acquisition Regulation Supplement to include the 
     following statements of purpose:
       (1) The defense acquisition system (as defined in section 
     2545 of title 10, United States Code) exists to manage the 
     investments of the United States in technologies, programs, 
     and product support necessary to achieve the national 
     security strategy prescribed by the President pursuant to 
     section 108 of the National Security Act of 1947 (50 U.S.C. 
     3043) and to support the United States Armed Forces.
       (2) The investment strategy of the Department of Defense 
     shall be postured to support not only the current United 
     States Armed Forces, but also future Armed Forces of the 
     United States.
       (3) The primary objective of Department of Defense 
     acquisition is to acquire quality products that satisfy user 
     needs with measurable improvements to mission capability and 
     operational support, in a timely manner, and at a fair and 
     reasonable price.

     SEC. 802. MANAGEMENT OF INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY MATTERS WITHIN 
                   THE DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE.

       (a) Management of Intellectual Property.--
       (1) In general.--Chapter 137 of title 10, United States 
     Code, is amended by inserting after section 2321 the 
     following new section:

     ``Sec. 2322. Management of intellectual property matters 
       within the Department of Defense

       ``(a) Policy Required.--The Secretary of Defense, acting 
     through the Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and 
     Sustainment, shall

[[Page H8751]]

     develop policy on the acquisition or licensing of 
     intellectual property--
       ``(1) to enable coordination and consistency across the 
     military departments and the Department of Defense in 
     strategies for acquiring or licensing intellectual property 
     and communicating with industry;
       ``(2) to ensure that program managers are aware of the 
     rights afforded the Federal Government and contractors in 
     intellectual property and that program managers fully 
     consider and use all available techniques and best practices 
     for acquiring or licensing intellectual property early in the 
     acquisition process; and
       ``(3) to encourage customized intellectual property 
     strategies for each system based on, at a minimum, the unique 
     characteristics of the system and its components, the product 
     support strategy for the system, the organic industrial base 
     strategy of the military department concerned, and the 
     commercial market.
       ``(b) Cadre of Intellectual Property Experts.--(1) The 
     Secretary of Defense, acting through the Under Secretary of 
     Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment, shall establish a 
     cadre of personnel who are experts in intellectual property 
     matters. The purpose of the cadre is to ensure a consistent, 
     strategic, and highly knowledgeable approach to acquiring or 
     licensing intellectual property by providing expert advice, 
     assistance, and resources to the acquisition workforce on 
     intellectual property matters, including acquiring or 
     licensing intellectual property.
       ``(2) The Under Secretary shall establish an appropriate 
     leadership structure and office within which the cadre shall 
     be managed, and shall determine the appropriate official to 
     whom members of the cadre shall report.
       ``(3) The cadre of experts shall be assigned to a program 
     office or an acquisition command within a military department 
     to advise, assist, and provide resources to a program manager 
     or program executive officer on intellectual property matters 
     at various stages of the life cycle of a system. In 
     performing such duties, the experts shall--
       ``(A) interpret and provide counsel on laws, regulations, 
     and policies relating to intellectual property;
       ``(B) advise and assist in the development of an 
     acquisition strategy, product support strategy, and 
     intellectual property strategy for a system;
       ``(C) conduct or assist with financial analysis and 
     valuation of intellectual property;
       ``(D) assist in the drafting of a solicitation, contract, 
     or other transaction;
       ``(E) interact with or assist in interactions with 
     contractors, including communications and negotiations with 
     contractors on solicitations and awards; and
       ``(F) conduct or assist with mediation if technical data 
     delivered pursuant to a contract is incomplete or does not 
     comply with the terms of agreements.
       ``(4)(A) In order to achieve the purpose set forth in 
     paragraph (1), the Under Secretary shall ensure the cadre has 
     the appropriate number of staff and such staff possesses the 
     necessary skills, knowledge, and experience to carry out the 
     duties under paragraph (2), including in relevant areas of 
     law, contracting, acquisition, logistics, engineering, 
     financial analysis, and valuation. The Under Secretary, in 
     coordination with the Defense Acquisition University and in 
     consultation with academia and industry, shall develop a 
     career path, including development opportunities, exchanges, 
     talent management programs, and training, for the cadre. The 
     Under Secretary may use existing authorities to staff the 
     cadre, including those in subparagraphs (B), (C), (D), and 
     (F).
       ``(B) Civilian personnel from within the Office of the 
     Secretary of Defense, Joint Staff, military departments, 
     Defense Agencies, and combatant commands may be assigned to 
     serve as members of the cadre, upon request of the Director.
       ``(C) The Under Secretary may use the authorities for 
     highly qualified experts under section 9903 of title 5, to 
     hire experts as members of the cadre who are skilled 
     professionals in intellectual property and related matters.
       ``(D) The Under Secretary may enter into a contract with a 
     private-sector entity for specialized expertise to support 
     the cadre. Such entity may be considered a covered Government 
     support contractor, as defined in section 2320 of this title.
       ``(E) In establishing the cadre, the Under Secretary shall 
     give preference to civilian employees of the Department of 
     Defense, rather than members of the armed forces, to maintain 
     continuity in the cadre.
       ``(F) The Under Secretary is authorized to use amounts in 
     the Defense Acquisition Workforce Development Fund for the 
     purpose of recruitment, training, and retention of the cadre, 
     including paying salaries of newly hired members of the cadre 
     for up to three years.''.
       (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at the 
     beginning of such chapter is amended by adding at the end the 
     following new item:

``2322. Management of intellectual property matters within the 
              Department of Defense.''.
       (b) Additional Acquisition Position.--Subsection 1721(b) of 
     title 10, United States Code, is amended by adding at the end 
     the following new paragraph:
       ``(12) Intellectual property.''.

     SEC. 803. PERFORMANCE OF INCURRED COST AUDITS.

       (a) In General.--Chapter 137 of title 10, United States 
     Code, is amended by inserting after section 2313a the 
     following new section:

     ``Sec. 2313b. Performance of incurred cost audits

       ``(a) Compliance With Standards of Risk and Materiality.--
     Not later than October 1, 2020, the Secretary of Defense 
     shall comply with commercially accepted standards of risk and 
     materiality in the performance of each incurred cost audit of 
     costs associated with a contract of the Department of 
     Defense.
       ``(b) Conditions for the Use of Qualified Auditors to 
     Perform Incurred Cost Audits.--(1) To support the need of the 
     Department of Defense for timely and effective incurred cost 
     audits, and to ensure that the Defense Contract Audit Agency 
     is able to allocate resources to higher-risk and more complex 
     audits, the Secretary of Defense shall use qualified private 
     auditors to perform a sufficient number of incurred cost 
     audits of contracts of the Department of Defense to--
       ``(A) eliminate, by October 1, 2020, any backlog of 
     incurred cost audits of the Defense Contract Audit Agency;
       ``(B) ensure that incurred cost audits are completed not 
     later than one year after the date of receipt of a qualified 
     incurred cost submission;
       ``(C) maintain an appropriate mix of Government and private 
     sector capacity to meet the current and future needs of the 
     Department of Defense for the performance of incurred cost 
     audits;
       ``(D) ensure that qualified private auditors perform 
     incurred cost audits on an ongoing basis to improve the 
     efficiency and effectiveness of the performance of incurred 
     cost audits; and
       ``(E) limit multiyear auditing to ensure that multiyear 
     auditing is conducted only--
       ``(A) to address outstanding incurred cost audits for which 
     a qualified incurred cost submission was submitted to the 
     Defense Contract Audit Agency more than 12 months before the 
     date of the enactment of this section; or
       ``(B) when the contractor being audited submits a written 
     request, including a justification for the use of multiyear 
     auditing, to the Under Secretary of Defense (Comptroller).
       ``(2) The Secretary of Defense shall consult with Federal 
     agencies that have awarded contracts or task orders to 
     qualified private auditors to ensure that the Department of 
     Defense is using, as appropriate, best practices relating to 
     contracting with qualified private auditors.
       ``(3) The Secretary of Defense shall ensure that a 
     qualified private auditor performing an incurred cost audit 
     under this section--
       ``(A) has no conflict of interest in performing such an 
     audit, as defined by generally accepted government auditing 
     standards;
       ``(B) possesses the necessary independence to perform such 
     an audit, as defined by generally accepted government 
     auditing standards;
       ``(C) signs a nondisclosure agreement, as appropriate, to 
     protect proprietary or nonpublic data;
       ``(D) accesses and uses proprietary or nonpublic data 
     furnished to the qualified private auditor only for the 
     purposes stated in the contract;
       ``(E) takes all reasonable steps to protect proprietary and 
     nonpublic data furnished during the audit; and
       ``(F) does not use proprietary or nonpublic data provided 
     to the qualified private auditor under the authority of this 
     section to compete for Government or nongovernment contracts.
       ``(c) Procedures for the Use of Qualified Private 
     Auditors.--(1) Not later than October 1, 2018, the Secretary 
     of Defense shall submit to the congressional defense 
     committees a plan to implement the requirements of subsection 
     (b). Such plan shall include, at a minimum--
       ``(A) a description of the incurred cost audits that the 
     Secretary determines are appropriate to be conducted by 
     qualified private auditors, including the approximate number 
     and dollar value of such incurred cost audits;
       ``(B) an estimate of the number and dollar value of 
     incurred cost audits to be conducted by qualified private 
     auditors for each of the fiscal years 2019 through 2025 
     necessary to meet the requirements of subsection (b); and
       ``(C) all other elements of an acquisition plan as required 
     by the Federal Acquisition Regulation.
       ``(2) Not later than April 1, 2019, the Secretary of 
     Defense or a Federal department or agency authorized by the 
     Secretary shall award a contract or issue a task order under 
     an existing contract to two or more qualified private 
     auditors to perform incurred cost audits of costs associated 
     with contracts of the Department of Defense. The Defense 
     Contract Management Agency or a contract administration 
     office of a military department shall use a contract or a 
     task order awarded or issued pursuant to this paragraph for 
     the performance of an incurred cost audit, if doing so will 
     assist the Secretary in meeting the requirements in 
     subsection (b).
       ``(3) To improve the quality of incurred cost audits and 
     reduce duplication of performance of such audits, the 
     Secretary of Defense may provide a qualified private auditor 
     with information on past or ongoing audit results or other 
     relevant information on the entities the qualified private 
     auditor is auditing.
       ``(4) The Secretary of Defense shall consider the results 
     of an incurred cost audit performed under this section 
     without regard to whether the Defense Contract Audit Agency 
     or a qualified private auditor performed the audit.
       ``(5) The contracting officer for a contract that is the 
     subject of an incurred cost audit shall have the sole 
     discretion to determine what action should be taken based on 
     an audit finding on direct costs of the contract.
       ``(d) Qualified Private Auditor Requirements.--(1) A 
     qualified private auditor awarded a contract or issued an 
     task order under subsection (c)(2) shall conduct an incurred 
     cost audit in accordance with the generally accepted 
     government auditing standards.
       ``(2) A qualified private auditor awarded a contract or 
     issued an task order under subsection (c)(2) shall develop 
     and maintain complete and accurate working papers on each 
     incurred cost audit. All working papers and reports on the 
     incurred cost audit prepared by such qualified private 
     auditor shall be the property of the Department of Defense, 
     except that

[[Page H8752]]

     the qualified private auditor may retain a complete copy of 
     all working papers to support such reports made pursuant to 
     this section.
       ``(3) A breach of contract by a qualified private auditor 
     with respect to use of proprietary or nonpublic data may 
     subject the qualified private auditor to--
       ``(A) criminal, civil, administrative, and contractual 
     actions for penalties, damages, and other appropriate 
     remedies by the United States; and
       ``(B) civil actions for damages and other appropriate 
     remedies by the contractor or subcontractor whose data are 
     affected by the breach.
       ``(e) Peer Review.--(1) Effective October 1, 2022, the 
     Defense Contract Audit Agency may issue unqualified audit 
     findings for an incurred cost audit only if the Defense 
     Contract Audit Agency is peer reviewed by a commercial 
     auditor and passes such peer review. Such peer review shall 
     be conducted in accordance with the peer review requirements 
     of generally accepted government auditing standards, 
     including the requirements related to frequency of peer 
     reviews, and shall be deemed to meet the requirements of the 
     Defense Contract Audit Agency for a peer review under such 
     standards.
       ``(2) Not later than October 1, 2019, the Secretary of 
     Defense shall provide to the Committees on Armed Services of 
     the Senate and the House of Representatives an update on the 
     process of securing a commercial auditor to perform the peer 
     review referred to in paragraph (1).
       ``(f) Numeric Materiality Standards for Incurred Cost 
     Audits.--(1) Not later than October 1, 2020, the Department 
     of Defense shall implement numeric materiality standards for 
     incurred cost audits to be used by auditors that are 
     consistent with commercially accepted standards of risk and 
     materiality.
       ``(2) Not later than October 1, 2019, the Secretary of 
     Defense shall submit to the congressional defense committees 
     a report containing proposed numeric materiality standards 
     required under paragraph (1). In developing such standards, 
     the Secretary shall consult with commercial auditors that 
     conduct incurred cost audits, the advisory panel authorized 
     under section 809 of the National Defense Authorization Act 
     for Fiscal Year 2016 (Public Law 114-92; 129 Stat. 889), and 
     other governmental and nongovernmental entities with relevant 
     expertise.
       ``(g) Timeliness of Incurred Cost Audits.--(1) The 
     Secretary of Defense shall ensure that all incurred cost 
     audits performed by qualified private auditors or the Defense 
     Contract Audit Agency are performed in a timely manner.
       ``(2) The Secretary of Defense shall notify a contractor of 
     the Department of Defense within 60 days after receipt of an 
     incurred cost submission from the contractor whether the 
     submission is a qualified incurred cost submission.
       ``(3) With respect to qualified incurred cost submissions 
     received on or after the date of the enactment of this 
     section, audit findings shall be issued for an incurred cost 
     audit not later than one year after the date of receipt of 
     such qualified incurred cost submission.
       ``(4) Not later than October 1, 2020, and subject to 
     paragraph (5), if audit findings are not issued within one 
     year after the date of receipt of a qualified incurred cost 
     submission, the audit shall be considered to be complete and 
     no additional audit work shall be conducted.
       ``(5) The Under Secretary of Defense (Comptroller) may 
     waive the requirements of paragraph (4) on a case-by-case 
     basis if the Director of the Defense Contract Audit Agency 
     submits a written request. The Director of the Defense 
     Contract Audit Agency shall include in the report required 
     under section 2313a of this title the total number of waivers 
     issued and the reasons for issuing each such waiver.
       ``(h) Review of Audit Performance.--Not later than April 1, 
     2025, the Comptroller General of the United States shall 
     submit to the congressional defense committees a report that 
     evaluates for the period beginning on October 1, 2019, and 
     ending on August 31, 2023--
       ``(1) the timeliness, individual cost, and quality of 
     incurred cost audits, set forth separately by incurred cost 
     audits performed by the Defense Contract Audit Agency and by 
     qualified private auditors;
       ``(2) the cost to contractors of the Department of Defense 
     for incurred cost audits, set forth separately by incurred 
     cost audits performed by the Defense Contract Audit Agency 
     and by qualified private auditors;
       ``(3) the effect, if any, on other types of audits 
     conducted by the Defense Contract Audit Agency that results 
     from incurred cost audits conducted by qualified private 
     auditors; and
       ``(4) the capability and capacity of qualified private 
     auditors to conduct incurred cost audits for the Department 
     of Defense.
       ``(i) Definitions.--In this section:
       ``(1) The term `commercial auditor' means a private entity 
     engaged in the business of performing audits.
       ``(2) The term `incurred cost audit' means an audit of 
     charges to the Government by a contractor under a flexibly 
     priced contract.
       ``(3) The term `flexibly priced contract' has the meaning 
     given the term `flexibly-priced contracts and subcontracts' 
     in part 30 of the Federal Acquisition Regulation (section 
     30.001 of title 48, Code of Federal Regulations).
       ``(4) The term `generally accepted government auditing 
     standards' means the generally accepted government auditing 
     standards of the Comptroller General of the United States.
       ``(5) The term `numeric materiality standard' means a 
     dollar amount of misstatements, including omissions, 
     contained in an incurred cost audit that would be material if 
     the misstatements, individually or in the aggregate, could 
     reasonably be expected to influence the economic decisions of 
     the Government made on the basis of the incurred cost audit.
       ``(6) The term `qualified incurred cost submission' means a 
     submission by a contractor of costs incurred under a flexibly 
     priced contract that has been qualified by the Department of 
     Defense as sufficient to conduct an incurred cost audit.
       ``(7) The term `qualified private auditor' means a 
     commercial auditor--
       ``(A) that performs audits in accordance with generally 
     accepted government auditing standards; and
       ``(B) that has received a passing peer review rating, as 
     defined by generally accepted government auditing 
     standards.''.
       (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the 
     beginning of such chapter is amended by inserting after the 
     item relating to section 2313a the following new item:

``2313b. Performance of incurred cost audits.''.
       (c) Amendment to Duties of the Advisory Panel on 
     Streamlining and Codifying Acquisition Regulations.--
     Subsection (c)(2) of section 809 of the National Defense 
     Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2016 (Public Law 114-92; 
     129 Stat. 889), as amended by section 863(d) of the National 
     Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 
     114-328; 130 Stat. 2303), is amended--
       (1) in subparagraph (D) by striking ``and'' at the end;
       (2) by redesignating subparagraph (E) as subparagraph (F);
       (3) by adding after subparagraph (D) the following new 
     subparagraph:
       ``(E) improve the efficiency of the contract auditing 
     process, including through the development of risk-based 
     materiality standards; and''; and
       (4) in subparagraph (F) (as so redesignated), by striking 
     ``subparagraphs (A) through (D)'' and inserting 
     ``subparagraphs (A) through (E)''.

     SEC. 804. REPEAL OF CERTAIN AUDITING REQUIREMENTS.

       Section 190 of title 10, United States Code, as proposed to 
     be added by section 820(b)(1) of the National Defense 
     Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328; 
     130 Stat. 2274), is amended by striking subsection (f).

     SEC. 805. INCREASED SIMPLIFIED ACQUISITION THRESHOLD.

       Section 134 of title 41, United States Code, is amended by 
     striking ``$100,000'' and inserting ``$250,000''.

     SEC. 806. REQUIREMENTS RELATED TO THE MICRO-PURCHASE 
                   THRESHOLD.

       (a) Increase in Threshold.--Section 1902(a)(1) of title 41, 
     United States Code, is amended by striking ``$3,000'' and 
     inserting ``$10,000''.
       (b) Convenience Checks.--A convenience check may not be 
     used for an amount in excess of one half of the micro-
     purchase threshold under section 1902(a) of title 41, United 
     States Code, or a lower amount established by the head of the 
     agency.

     SEC. 807. PROCESS FOR ENHANCED SUPPLY CHAIN SCRUTINY.

       (a) Process.--Not later than 90 days after the date of the 
     enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall 
     establish a process for enhancing scrutiny of acquisition 
     decisions in order to improve the integration of supply chain 
     risk management into the overall acquisition decision cycle.
       (b) Elements.--The process under subsection (a) shall 
     include the following elements:
       (1) Designation of a senior official responsible for 
     overseeing the development and implementation of the process.
       (2) Development or integration of tools to support 
     commercial due-diligence, business intelligence, or otherwise 
     analyze and monitor commercial activity to understand 
     business relationships with entities determined to be threats 
     to the United States.
       (3) Development of risk profiles of products or services 
     based on commercial due-diligence tools and data services.
       (4) Development of education and training curricula for the 
     acquisition workforce that supports the process.
       (5) Integration, as needed, with intelligence sources to 
     develop threat profiles of entities determined to be threats 
     to the United States.
       (6) Periodic review and assessment of software products and 
     services on computer networks of the Department of Defense to 
     remove prohibited products or services.
       (7) Synchronization of the use of current authorities for 
     making supply chain decisions, including section 806 of 
     Public Law 111-383 (10 U.S.C. 2304 note) or improved use of 
     suspension and debarment officials.
       (8) Coordination with interagency, industrial, and 
     international partners, as appropriate, to share information, 
     develop Government-wide strategies for dealing with 
     significant entities determined to be significant threats to 
     the United States, and effectively use authorities in other 
     departments and agencies to provide consistent, Government-
     wide approaches to supply chain threats.
       (9) Other matters as the Secretary considers necessary.
       (c) Notification.--Not later than 90 days after 
     establishing the process required by subsection (a), the 
     Secretary shall provide a written notification to the 
     Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and House of 
     Representatives that the process has been established. The 
     notification also shall include the following:
       (1) Identification of the official designated under 
     subsection (b)(1).
       (2) Identification of tools and services currently 
     available to the Department of Defense under subsection 
     (b)(2).
       (3) Assessment of additional tools and services available 
     under subsection (b)(2) that the Department of Defense should 
     evaluate.
       (4) Identification of, or recommendations for, any 
     statutory changes needed to improve the effectiveness of the 
     process.
       (5) Projected resource needs for implementing any 
     recommendations made by the Secretary.

[[Page H8753]]

  


     SEC. 808. DEFENSE POLICY ADVISORY COMMITTEE ON TECHNOLOGY.

       (a) Establishment.--Not later than 180 days after the date 
     of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense, 
     acting through the Chief Management Officer, shall form a 
     committee of senior executives from United States firms in 
     the national technology and industrial base to meet with the 
     Secretary, the Secretaries of the military departments, and 
     members of the Joint Chiefs of Staff to exchange information, 
     including, as appropriate, classified information, on 
     technology threats to the national security of the United 
     States and on the emerging technologies from the national 
     technology and industrial base that may become available to 
     counter such threats in a timely manner.
       (b) Meetings.--The defense policy advisory committee on 
     technology formed pursuant to subsection (a) shall meet with 
     the Secretary and the other Department of Defense officials 
     specified in such subsection collectively at least once 
     annually in each of fiscal years 2018 through 2022. The 
     Secretary of Defense shall provide the congressional defense 
     committees annual briefings on the meetings.
       (c) Federal Advisory Committee Act.--The Federal Advisory 
     Committee Act (5 U.S.C. App.) shall not apply to the defense 
     policy advisory committee on technology established pursuant 
     to this section.

     SEC. 809. REPORT ON EXTENSION OF DEVELOPMENT, ACQUISITION, 
                   AND SUSTAINMENT AUTHORITIES OF THE MILITARY 
                   DEPARTMENTS TO THE UNITED STATES SPECIAL 
                   OPERATIONS COMMAND.

       (a) Review.--The Secretary of Defense shall carry out a 
     review of the authorities available to the Secretaries of the 
     military departments and the acquisition executives of the 
     military departments for the development, acquisition, and 
     sustainment of technology, equipment, and services for the 
     military departments in order to determine the feasibility 
     and advisability of the provision of such authorities to the 
     Commander of the United States Special Operations Command and 
     the acquisition executive of the Command for the development, 
     acquisition, and sustainment of special operations-peculiar 
     technology, equipment, and services.
       (b) Report.--Not later than 120 days after the date of the 
     enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall submit to the 
     Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of 
     Representatives a report on the review required by subsection 
     (a). The report shall include the following:
       (1) A description of the review.
       (2) An identification of the authorities the Secretary 
     recommends for provision to the Commander of the United 
     States Special Operations Command and the acquisition 
     executive of the Command as described in subsection (a), and 
     recommendations for any modifications of such authorities 
     that the Secretary considers appropriate for purposes of the 
     United States Special Operations Command.
       (3) Such recommendations for legislative or administrative 
     action as the Secretary considers appropriate for the 
     provision of authorities identified pursuant to paragraph (2) 
     as described in subsection (a).
       (4) Such other matters as the Secretary considers 
     appropriate in light of the review.

     SEC. 810 . TECHNICAL AND CONFORMING AMENDMENTS RELATED TO 
                   PROGRAM MANAGEMENT PROVISIONS.

       (a) Repeal of Duplicative Provision Related to Program and 
     Project Management.--Subsection (c) of section 503 of title 
     31, United States Code, as added by section 861(a)(1) of the 
     National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017 
     (Public Law 114-328; 130 Stat. 2298), is repealed.
       (b) Repeal of Duplicative Provision Related to Program 
     Management Officers and Program Management Policy Council.--
     Section 1126 of title 31, United States Code, as added by 
     section 861(b)(1) of the National Defense Authorization Act 
     for Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328; 130 Stat. 2299), is 
     repealed.
       (c) Repeal of Obsolete Provisions.--Section 861 of the 
     National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017 
     (Public Law 114-328; 130 Stat. 2299) is repealed.

Subtitle B--Amendments to General Contracting Authorities, Procedures, 
                            and Limitations

     SEC. 811. MODIFICATIONS TO COST OR PRICING DATA AND REPORTING 
                   REQUIREMENTS.

       (a) Modifications to Submissions of Cost or Pricing Data.--
       (1) Title 10.--Subsection (a) of section 2306a of title 10, 
     United States Code, is amended--
       (A) by striking ``December 5, 1990'' each place it appears 
     and inserting ``June 30, 2018'';
       (B) by striking ``December 5, 1991'' each place it appears 
     and inserting ``July 1, 2018'';
       (C) by striking ``$100,000'' each place it appears and 
     inserting ``$750,000'';
       (D) in paragraph (1)--
       (i) in subparagraphs (A)(i), (B)(i), (C)(i), (C)(ii), and 
     (D)(i), by striking ``$500,000'' and inserting 
     ``$2,000,000''; and
       (ii) in subparagraph (B)(ii), by striking ``$500,000'' and 
     inserting ``$750,000'';
       (E) in paragraph (6), by striking ``December 5, 1990'' and 
     inserting ``June 30, 2018''; and
       (F) in paragraph (7), by striking ``to the amount'' and all 
     that follows through ``higher multiple of $50,000.'' and 
     inserting ``in accordance with section 1908 of title 41.''.
       (2) Title 41.--Section 3502 of title 41, United States 
     Code, is amended--
       (A) in subsection (a)--
       (i) by striking ``October 13, 1994'' each place it appears 
     and inserting ``June 30, 2018'';
       (ii) by striking ``$100,000'' each place it appears and 
     inserting ``$750,000'';
       (iii) in paragraphs (1)(A), (2)(A), (3)(A), (3)(B), and 
     (4)(A), by striking ``$500,000'' and inserting 
     ``$2,000,000''; and
       (iv) in paragraph (2)(B), by striking ``$500,000'' and 
     inserting ``$750,000'';
       (B) in subsection (f), by striking ``October 13, 1994'' and 
     inserting ``June 30, 2018''; and
       (C) in subsection (g), by striking ``to the amount'' and 
     all that follows through ``higher multiple of $50,000.'' and 
     inserting ``in accordance with section 1908.''.
       (b) Modification to Authority to Require Submission.--
     Paragraph (1) of section 2306a(d) of title 10, United States 
     Code, is amended by striking ``the contracting officer shall 
     require submission of'' and all the follows through ``to the 
     extent necessary'' and inserting ``the offeror shall be 
     required to submit to the contracting officer data other than 
     certified cost or pricing data (if requested by the 
     contracting officer), to the extent necessary''.
       (c) Comptroller General Review of Modifications to Cost or 
     Pricing Data Submission Requirements.--Not later than March 
     1, 2022, the Comptroller General of the United States shall 
     submit to the congressional defense committees a report on 
     the implementation and effect of the amendments made by 
     subsections (a) and (b).
       (d) Requirements for Defense Contract Audit Agency 
     Report.--
       (1) In general.--Section 2313a of title 10, United States 
     Code, is amended--
       (A) in subsection (a)(2)--
       (i) in subparagraph (A)--

       (I) by inserting ``and dollar value'' after ``number''; and
       (II) by inserting ``, set forth separately by type of 
     audit'' after ``pending'';

       (ii) in subparagraph (C), by inserting ``, both from the 
     date of receipt of a qualified incurred cost submission and 
     from the date the audit begins'' after ``audit'';
       (iii) by amending subparagraph (D) to read as follows:
       ``(D) the sustained questioned costs, set forth separately 
     by type of audit, both as a total value and as a percentage 
     of the total questioned costs for the audit;'';
       (iv) by striking subparagraph (E); and
       (v) by inserting after subparagraph (D) the following new 
     subparagraphs:
       ``(E) the total number and dollar value of incurred cost 
     audits completed, and the method by which such incurred cost 
     audits were completed;
       ``(F) the aggregate cost of performing audits, set forth 
     separately by type of audit;
       ``(G) the ratio of sustained questioned costs to the 
     aggregate costs of performing audits, set forth separately by 
     type of audit; and
       ``(H) the total number and dollar value of audits that are 
     pending for a period longer than one year as of the end of 
     the fiscal year covered by the report, and the fiscal year in 
     which the qualified submission was received, set forth 
     separately by type of audit;''; and
       (B) by adding at the end the following new subsection:
       ``(d) Definitions.--
       ``(1) The terms `incurred cost audit' and `qualified 
     incurred cost submission' have the meaning given those terms 
     in section 2313b of this title.
       ``(2) The term `sustained questioned costs' means 
     questioned costs that were recovered by the Federal 
     Government as a result of contract negotiations related to 
     such questioned costs.''.
       (2) Exemption to report termination requirements.--Section 
     1080(a) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
     Year 2016 (Public Law 114-92; 129 Stat. 1000; 10 U.S.C. 111 
     note), as amended by section 1061(j) of the National Defense 
     Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328; 
     130 Stat. 2405; 10 U.S.C. 111 note), does not apply to the 
     report required to be submitted to Congress under section 
     2313a of title 10, United States Code.
       (e) Adjustment to Value of Covered Contracts for 
     Requirements Relating to Allowable Costs.--Subparagraph (B) 
     of section 2324(l)(1) of title 10, United States Code, is 
     amended by striking ``to the equivalent'' and all that 
     follows through ``higher multiple of $50,000.'' and inserting 
     ``in accordance with section 1908 of title 41.''.

     SEC. 812. APPLICABILITY OF COST AND PRICING DATA 
                   CERTIFICATION REQUIREMENTS.

       Section 830(d) of the National Defense Authorization Act 
     for Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328; 130 Stat. 2286) is 
     amended--
       (1) in paragraph (1)(A), by striking ``same product'' and 
     inserting ``same or similar product'';
       (2) by redesignating paragraph (2) as paragraph (4); and
       (3) by inserting after paragraph (1) the following new 
     paragraphs:
       ``(2) Determination of same or similar product.--The 
     Secretary of Defense and the Secretary of State shall jointly 
     determine whether a product is considered to be a similar 
     product for the purposes of this pilot program.
       ``(3) Waiver of cost or pricing certification.--The 
     Secretary of Defense may waive the certification requirement 
     under section 2306a(a)(2) of title 10, United States Code, if 
     the Secretary determines that the Federal Government has 
     sufficient data and information regarding the reasonableness 
     of the price.''.

     SEC. 813. SUNSET OF CERTAIN PROVISIONS RELATING TO THE 
                   PROCUREMENT OF GOODS OTHER THAN UNITED STATES 
                   GOODS.

       (a) Chemical Weapons Antidote.--Section 2534(c) of title 
     10, United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the 
     following new paragraph:
       ``(5) Chemical weapons antidote.--Subsections (a)(2) and 
     (b)(2) shall cease to be effective on October 1, 2018.''.
       (b) Photovoltaic Devices.--Effective October 1, 2018, 
     section 858 of the Carl Levin and

[[Page H8754]]

     Howard P. ``Buck'' McKeon National Defense Authorization Act 
     for Fiscal Year 2015 (Public Law 113-291; 10 U.S.C. 2534 
     note) is repealed.

     SEC. 814. COMPTROLLER GENERAL REPORT ON HEALTH AND SAFETY 
                   RECORDS.

       (1) In general.--Not later than one year after the date of 
     the enactment of this Act, the Comptroller General of the 
     United States shall submit to the Secretary of Defense and 
     the congressional defense committees a report on the safety 
     and health records of Department of Defense contractors.
       (2) Elements.--The report required under paragraph (1) 
     shall include the following elements:
       (A) A description of the existing procedures of the 
     Department of Defense to evaluate the safety and health 
     records of current and prospective contractors.
       (B) An evaluation of the adherence of the Department of 
     Defense to such procedures.
       (C) An assessment of the current incidence of safety and 
     health violations by Department of Defense contractors.
       (D) An assessment of whether the Secretary of Labor has the 
     resources to investigate and identify safety and health 
     violations by Department of Defense contractors.
       (E) An assessment of whether the Secretary of Labor should 
     consider assuming an expanded investigatory role or a 
     targeted enforcement program for ensuring the safety and 
     health of individuals working under Department of Defense 
     contracts.

     SEC. 815. LIMITATION ON UNILATERAL DEFINITIZATION.

       (a) Limitation.--Section 2326 of title 10, United States 
     Code, is amended--
       (1) by redesignating subsections (c), (d), (e), (f), (g), 
     (h), and (i) as subsections (d), (e), (f), (g), (h), (i), and 
     (j) respectively; and
       (2) by inserting after subsection (b) the following new 
     subsection (c):
       ``(c) Limitation on Unilateral Definitization by 
     Contracting Officer.--With respect to any undefinitized 
     contractual action with a value greater than $50,000,000, if 
     agreement is not reached on contractual terms, 
     specifications, and price within the period or by the date 
     provided in subsection (b)(1), the contracting officer may 
     not unilaterally definitize those terms, specifications, or 
     price over the objection of the contractor until--
       ``(1) the service acquisition executive for the military 
     department that awarded the contract, or the Under Secretary 
     of Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment if the contract 
     was awarded by a Defense Agency or other component of the 
     Department of Defense, approves the definitization in 
     writing;
       ``(2) the contracting officer provides a copy of the 
     written approval to the contractor; and
       ``(3) a period of 30 calendar days has elapsed after the 
     written approval is provided to the contractor.''.
       (b) Conforming Amendment.--Section 2326(b)(3) of such title 
     is amended by striking ``subsection (g)'' and inserting 
     ``subsection (h)''.
       (c) Conforming Regulations.--Not later than 120 days after 
     the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of 
     Defense shall revise the Department of Defense Supplement to 
     the Federal Acquisition Regulation to implement section 2326 
     of title 10, United States Code, as amended by this section.

     SEC. 816. AMENDMENT TO SUSTAINMENT REVIEWS.

       Section 2441(a) of title 10, United States Code, is amended 
     by adding at the end the following: ``The Secretary concerned 
     shall make the memorandum and supporting documentation for 
     each sustainment review available to the Under Secretary of 
     Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment within 30 days after 
     the review is completed.''.

     SEC. 817. USE OF PROGRAM INCOME BY ELIGIBLE ENTITIES THAT 
                   CARRY OUT PROCUREMENT TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE 
                   PROGRAMS.

       Section 2414 of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
       (1) in the section heading, by striking ``limitation'' and 
     inserting ``funding''; and
       (2) by adding at the end the following new subsection:
       ``(d) Use of Program Income.--
       ``(1) An eligible entity that earned income in a specified 
     fiscal year from activities carried out pursuant to a 
     procurement technical assistance program funded under this 
     chapter may expend an amount of such income, not to exceed 25 
     percent of the cost of furnishing procurement technical 
     assistance in such specified fiscal year, during the fiscal 
     year following such specified fiscal year, to carry out a 
     procurement technical assistance program funded under this 
     chapter.
       ``(2) An eligible entity that does not enter into a 
     cooperative agreement with the Secretary for a fiscal year--
       ``(A) shall notify the Secretary of the amount of any 
     income the eligible entity carried over from the previous 
     fiscal year; and
       ``(B) may retain an amount of such income equal to 10 
     percent of the value of assistance furnished by the Secretary 
     under this section during the previous fiscal year.
       ``(3) In determining the value of assistance furnished by 
     the Secretary under this section for any fiscal year, the 
     Secretary shall account for the amount of any income the 
     eligible entity carried over from the previous fiscal 
     year.''.

     SEC. 818. ENHANCED POST-AWARD DEBRIEFING RIGHTS.

       (a) Release of Contract Award Information.--Not later than 
     180 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, the 
     Secretary of Defense shall revise the Department of Defense 
     Supplement to the Federal Acquisition Regulation to require 
     that all required post-award debriefings, while protecting 
     the confidential and proprietary information of other 
     offerors, include, at a minimum, the following:
       (1) In the case of a contract award in excess of 
     $100,000,000, a requirement for disclosure of the agency's 
     written source selection award determination, redacted to 
     protect the confidential and proprietary information of other 
     offerors for the contract award, and, in the case of a 
     contract award in excess of $10,000,000 and not in excess of 
     $100,000,000 with a small business or nontraditional 
     contractor, an option for the small business or 
     nontraditional contractor to request such disclosure.
       (2) A requirement for a written or oral debriefing for all 
     contract awards and task or delivery orders valued at 
     $10,000,000 or higher.
       (3) Provisions ensuring that both unsuccessful and winning 
     offerors are entitled to the disclosure described in 
     paragraph (1) and the debriefing described in paragraph (2).
       (4) Robust procedures, consistent with section 
     2305(b)(5)(D) of title 10, United States Code, and provisions 
     implementing that section in the Federal Acquisition 
     Regulation, to protect the confidential and proprietary 
     information of other offerors.
       (b) Opportunity for Follow-up Questions.--Section 
     2305(b)(5) of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
       (1) by redesignating subparagraphs (C), (D), and (E) as 
     subparagraphs (D), (E), and (F), respectively;
       (2) in subparagraph (B)--
       (A) in clause (v), by striking ``; and'' and inserting a 
     semicolon;
       (B) in clause (vi), by striking the period at the end and 
     inserting ``; and''; and
       (C) by adding at the end the following new clause:
       ``(vii) an opportunity for a disappointed offeror to 
     submit, within two business days after receiving a post-award 
     debriefing, additional questions related to the 
     debriefing.''; and
       (3) by inserting after subparagraph (B) the following new 
     subparagraph:
       ``(C) The agency shall respond in writing to any additional 
     question submitted under subparagraph (B)(vii) within five 
     business days after receipt of the question. The agency shall 
     not consider the debriefing to be concluded until the agency 
     delivers its written responses to the disappointed 
     offeror.''.
       (c) Commencement of Post-briefing Period.--Section 
     3553(d)(4) of title 31, United States Code, is amended--
       (1) by redesignating subparagraphs (A) and (B) as clauses 
     (i) and (ii) respectively;
       (2) by striking ``The period'' and inserting ``(A) The 
     period''; and
       (3) by adding at the end the following new subparagraph:
       ``(B) For procurements conducted by any component of the 
     Department of Defense, the 5-day period described in 
     subparagraph (A)(ii) does not commence until the day the 
     Government delivers to a disappointed offeror the written 
     responses to any questions submitted pursuant to section 
     2305(b)(5)(B)(vii) of title 10.''.

     SEC. 819. AMENDMENTS RELATING TO INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY.

       (a) Elimination of Sunset Relating to Transparency and Risk 
     Management of Major Information Technology Investments.--
     Subsection (c) of section 11302 of title 40, United States 
     Code, is amended by striking the first paragraph (5).
       (b) Elimination of Sunset Relating to Information 
     Technology Portfolio, Program, and Resource Reviews.--Section 
     11319 of title 40, United States Code, is amended--
       (1) by redesignating the second subsection (c) as 
     subsection (d); and
       (2) in subsection (d), as so redesignated, by striking 
     paragraph (6).
       (c) Extension of Sunset Relating to Federal Data Center 
     Consolidation Initiative.--Subsection (e) of section 834 of 
     the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2015 
     (Public Law 113-291; 44 U.S.C. 3601 note) is amended by 
     striking ``2018'' and inserting ``2020''.

     SEC. 820. CHANGE TO DEFINITION OF SUBCONTRACT IN CERTAIN 
                   CIRCUMSTANCES.

       Section 1906(c)(1) of title 41, United States Code, is 
     amended by adding at the end the following: ``The term does 
     not include agreements entered into by a contractor for the 
     supply of commodities that are intended for use in the 
     performance of multiple contracts with the Federal Government 
     and other parties and are not identifiable to any particular 
     contract.''.

     SEC. 821. AMENDMENT RELATING TO APPLICABILITY OF INFLATION 
                   ADJUSTMENTS.

       Section 1908(d) of title 41, United States Code, is amended 
     by inserting before the period at the end the following: 
     ``and shall apply, in the case of the procurement of property 
     or services by contract, to a contract, and any subcontract 
     at any tier under the contract, in effect on that date 
     without regard to the date of award of the contract or 
     subcontract.''.

     SEC. 822. USE OF LOWEST PRICE TECHNICALLY ACCEPTABLE SOURCE 
                   SELECTION PROCESS.

       (a) Additional Requirements.--Subsection (b) of section 813 
     of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 
     2017 (Public Law 114-328; 130 Stat 2270; 10 U.S.C. 2305 note) 
     is amended--
       (1) in paragraph (5), by striking ``; and'' and inserting a 
     semicolon;
       (2) in paragraph (6), by striking the period at the end and 
     inserting a semicolon; and
       (3) by adding at the end the following new paragraphs:
       ``(7) the Department of Defense would realize no, or 
     minimal, additional innovation or future technological 
     advantage by using a different methodology; and

[[Page H8755]]

       ``(8) with respect to a contract for procurement of goods, 
     the goods procured are predominantly expendable in nature, 
     nontechnical, or have a short life expectancy or short shelf 
     life.''.
       (b) Reporting Requirement.--
       (1) In general.--Subsection (d) of such section is amended 
     by striking ``contract exceeding $10,000,000'' and inserting 
     ``contract exceeding $5,000,000''.
       (2) Applicability.--The amendment made by this subsection 
     shall apply with respect to the second, third, and fourth 
     reports submitted under subsection (d) of section 813 of the 
     National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017 
     (Public Law 114-328; 130 Stat 2271; 10 U.S.C. 2305 note).

     SEC. 823. EXEMPTION FROM DESIGN-BUILD SELECTION PROCEDURES.

       Subsection (d) of section 2305a of title 10, United States 
     Code, is amended by striking the second and third sentences 
     and inserting the following: ``If the contract value exceeds 
     $4,000,000, the maximum number specified in the solicitation 
     shall not exceed 5 unless--
       ``(1) the solicitation is issued pursuant to a indefinite 
     delivery-indefinite quantity contract for design-build 
     construction; or
       ``(2)(A) the head of the contracting activity, delegable to 
     a level no lower than the senior contracting official within 
     the contracting activity, approves the contracting officer's 
     justification with respect to an individual solicitation that 
     a maximum number greater than 5 is in the interest of the 
     Federal Government; and
       ``(B) the contracting officer provides written 
     documentation of how a maximum number greater than 5 is 
     consistent with the purposes and objectives of the two-phase 
     selection procedures.''.

     SEC. 824. CONTRACT CLOSEOUT AUTHORITY.

       Section 836(b)(1) of the National Defense Authorization Act 
     for Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328; 130 Stat. 2286) is 
     amended by striking ``entered into prior to fiscal year 
     2000'' and inserting ``entered into on a date that is at 
     least 17 fiscal years before the current fiscal year''.

     SEC. 825. ELIMINATION OF COST UNDERRUNS AS FACTOR IN 
                   CALCULATION OF PENALTIES FOR COST OVERRUNS.

       (a) In General.--Section 828 of the National Defense 
     Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2016 (Public Law 114-92; 10 
     U.S.C. 2430 note) is amended--
       (1) in subsection (a), by striking ``each fiscal year 
     beginning with fiscal year 2015'' and inserting ``each of 
     fiscal years 2018 through 2022'';
       (2) in subsection (b)--
       (A) in paragraph (1), by striking ``or underrun'';
       (B) in paragraph (2)--
       (i) by striking ``or underruns''; and
       (ii) by striking ``,Technology, and Logistics'' and 
     inserting ``and Sustainment'';
       (C) in paragraph (3)--
       (i) by striking ``and cost underruns''; and
       (ii) by striking ``or underruns''; and
       (D) in paragraph (4), by striking ``, except that the cost 
     overrun penalty may not be a negative amount'';
       (3) by redesignating subsections (c) and (d) as subsections 
     (d) and (e), respectively;
       (4) by inserting after subsection (b) the following new 
     subsection:
       ``(c) Total Cost Overrun Penalty.--Notwithstanding the 
     amount of a cost overrun penalty determined in (b), the total 
     cost overrun penalty for a military department (including any 
     cost overrun penalty for joint programs of military 
     departments) for a fiscal year may not exceed $50,000,000.''; 
     and
       (5) in subsection (d) (as so redesignated)--
       (A) in paragraph (1)--
       (i) in the paragraph heading, by inserting ``or 
     procurement'' after ``evaluation'';
       (ii) by striking ``each fiscal year beginning with fiscal 
     year 2015'' and inserting ``each of fiscal years 2018 through 
     2022'';
       (iii) by striking ``each research'' and inserting ``the 
     research'';
       (iv) by striking ``evaluation account'' and inserting 
     ``evaluation or procurement accounts''; and
       (v) by striking ``percentage'' and inserting ``amount''; 
     and
       (B) in paragraph (2)--
       (i) in the paragraph heading, by striking ``amount'' and 
     inserting ``amounts'';
       (ii) by striking ``percentage reduction'' and inserting 
     ``reductions'';
       (iii) by striking ``evaluation accounts'' and inserting 
     ``evaluation or procurement accounts'';
       (iv) by striking ``paragraph (1) is the percentage 
     reduction'' and inserting ``paragraph (1) are the 
     reductions''; and
       (v) by inserting ``, when combined,'' after ``equal''.
       (b) Prior Fiscal Years.--The requirements of section 828 of 
     the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2016 
     (Public Law 114-92; 10 U.S.C. 2430 note), as in effect on the 
     day before the date of the enactment of this Act, shall 
     continue to apply with respect to fiscal years beginning on 
     or before October 1, 2016.

     SEC. 826. MODIFICATION TO ANNUAL MEETING REQUIREMENT OF 
                   CONFIGURATION STEERING BOARDS.

       Section 814(c)(4) of the Duncan Hunter National Defense 
     Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2009 (Public Law 110-417; 
     122 Stat. 4529; 10 U.S.C. 2430 note) is amended--
       (1) by striking ``The Secretary'' and inserting
       ``(A) Annual meeting.--Except as provided in subparagraph 
     (B), the Secretary''; and
       (2) by adding at the end the following new subparagraph:
       ``(B) Exception.--If the service acquisition executive of 
     the military department concerned determines, in writing, 
     that there have been no changes to the program requirements 
     of a major defense acquisition program during the preceding 
     year, the Configuration Steering Board for such major defense 
     acquisition program is not required to meet as described in 
     subparagraph (A).''.

     SEC. 827. PILOT PROGRAM ON PAYMENT OF COSTS FOR DENIED 
                   GOVERNMENT ACCOUNTABILITY OFFICE BID PROTESTS.

       (a) Pilot Program Required.--The Secretary of Defense shall 
     carry out a pilot program to determine the effectiveness of 
     requiring contractors to reimburse the Department of Defense 
     for costs incurred in processing covered protests.
       (b) Duration.--The pilot program shall--
       (1) begin on the date that is two years after the date of 
     the enactment of this Act; and
       (2) end on the date that is five years after the date of 
     the enactment of this Act.
       (c) Report.--Not later than 90 days after the date on which 
     the pilot program under subsection (a) ends, the Secretary 
     shall provide a report to the Committees on Armed Services of 
     the House of Representatives and the Senate assessing the 
     feasibility of making permanent such pilot program.
       (d) Covered Protest Defined.--In this section, the term 
     ``covered protest'' means a bid protest that was--
       (1) denied in an opinion issued by the Government 
     Accountability Office;
       (2) filed by a party with revenues in excess of 
     $250,000,000 (based on fiscal year 2017 constant dollars) 
     during the previous year; and
       (3) filed on or after October 1, 2019 and on or before 
     September 30, 2022.

 Subtitle C--Provisions Relating to Major Defense Acquisition Programs

     SEC. 831. REVISIONS TO DEFINITION OF MAJOR DEFENSE 
                   ACQUISITION PROGRAM.

       Section 2430(a) of title 10, United States Code, is 
     amended--
       (1) in paragraph (1)(B), by inserting ``in the case of a 
     program that is not a program for the acquisition of an 
     automated information system (either a product or a 
     service),'' after ``(B)''; and
       (2) in paragraph (2)--
       (A) by striking ``does not include an acquisition program'' 
     and inserting the following: ``does not include--
       ``(A) an acquisition program''; and
       (B) by striking the period at the end and inserting the 
     following: ``; or
       ``(B) an acquisition program for a defense business system 
     (as defined in section 2222(i)(1) of this title) carried out 
     using the acquisition guidance issued pursuant to section 
     883(e) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
     Year 2016 (Public Law 114-92; 10 U.S.C. 2223a note).''.

     SEC. 832. PROHIBITION ON USE OF LOWEST PRICE TECHNICALLY 
                   ACCEPTABLE SOURCE SELECTION PROCESS FOR MAJOR 
                   DEFENSE ACQUISITION PROGRAMS.

       (a) Prohibition.--
       (1) In general.--Chapter 144 of title 10, United States 
     Code, is amended by inserting after section 2441 the 
     following new section:

     ``Sec. 2442. Prohibition on use of lowest price technically 
       acceptable source selection process

       ``(a) In General.--The Department of Defense shall not use 
     a lowest price technically acceptable source selection 
     process for the engineering and manufacturing development 
     contract of a major defense acquisition program.
       ``(b) Definitions.--In this section:
       ``(1) Lowest price technically acceptable source selection 
     process.--The term `lowest price technically acceptable 
     source selection process' has the meaning given that term in 
     part 15 of the Federal Acquisition Regulation.
       ``(2) Major defense acquisition program.--The term `major 
     defense acquisition program' has the meaning given that term 
     in section 2430 of this title.
       ``(3) Engineering and manufacturing development contract.--
     The term `engineering and manufacturing development contract' 
     means a prime contract for the engineering and manufacturing 
     development of a major defense acquisition program.''.
       (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at the 
     beginning of such chapter is amended by inserting after the 
     item relating to section 2441 the following new item:

``2442. Prohibition on use of lowest price technically acceptable 
              source selection process.''.
       (b) Applicability.--The requirements of section 2442 of 
     title 10, United States Code, as added by subsection (a), 
     shall apply to major defense acquisition programs for which 
     budgetary authority is requested for fiscal year 2019 or a 
     subsequent fiscal year.

     SEC. 833. ROLE OF THE CHIEF OF THE ARMED FORCE IN MATERIAL 
                   DEVELOPMENT DECISION AND ACQUISITION SYSTEM 
                   MILESTONES.

       Section 2547(b) of title 10, United States Code, is 
     amended--
       (1) by striking ``The Secretary'' and inserting ``(1) The 
     Secretary''; and
       (2) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
       ``(2) Consistent with the performance of duties under 
     subsection (a), the Chief of the armed force concerned, or in 
     the case of a joint program the chiefs of the armed forces 
     concerned, with respect to major defense acquisition 
     programs, shall--
       ``(A) concur with the need for a material solution as 
     identified in the Material Development Decision Review prior 
     to entry into the Material Solution Analysis Phase under 
     Department of Defense Instruction 5000.02;
       ``(B) concur with the cost, schedule, technical 
     feasibility, and performance trade-offs that have been made 
     with regard to the program before Milestone A approval is 
     granted under section 2366a of this title;

[[Page H8756]]

       ``(C) concur that appropriate trade-offs among cost, 
     schedule, technical feasibility, and performance objectives 
     have been made to ensure that the program is affordable when 
     considering the per unit cost and the total life-cycle cost 
     before Milestone B approval is granted under section 2366b of 
     this title; and
       ``(D) concur that the requirements in the program 
     capability document are necessary and realistic in relation 
     to program cost and fielding targets as required by paragraph 
     (1) before Milestone C approval is granted.''.

     SEC. 834. REQUIREMENT TO EMPHASIZE RELIABILITY AND 
                   MAINTAINABILITY IN WEAPON SYSTEM DESIGN.

       (a) Sustainment Factors in Weapon System Design.--
       (1) In general.--Chapter 144 of title 10, United States 
     Code, as amended by section 832, is further amended by adding 
     at the end the following new section:

     ``Sec. 2443. Sustainment factors in weapon system design

       ``(a) In General.--The Secretary of Defense shall ensure 
     that the defense acquisition system gives ample emphasis to 
     sustainment factors, particularly those factors that are 
     affected principally by the design of a weapon system, in the 
     development of a weapon system.
       ``(b) Requirements Process.--The Secretary shall ensure 
     that reliability and maintainability are included in the 
     performance attributes of the key performance parameter on 
     sustainment during the development of capabilities 
     requirements.
       ``(c) Solicitation and Award of Contracts.--
       ``(1) Requirement.--The program manager of a weapon system 
     shall include in the solicitation for and terms of a covered 
     contract for the weapon system clearly defined and measurable 
     requirements for engineering activities and design 
     specifications for reliability and maintainability.
       ``(2) Exception.--If the program manager determines that 
     engineering activities and design specifications for 
     reliability or maintainability should not be a requirement in 
     a covered contract or a solicitation for such a contract, the 
     program manager shall document in writing the justification 
     for the decision.
       ``(3) Source selection criteria.--The Secretary shall 
     ensure that sustainment factors, including reliability and 
     maintainability, are given ample emphasis in the process for 
     source selection. The Secretary shall encourage the use of 
     objective reliability and maintainability criteria in the 
     evaluation of competitive proposals.
       ``(d) Contract Performance.--
       ``(1) In general.--The Secretary shall ensure that the 
     Department of Defense uses best practices for responding to 
     the positive or negative performance of a contractor in 
     meeting the sustainment requirements of a covered contract 
     for a weapon system. The Secretary shall encourage the use of 
     incentive fees and penalties as appropriate and authorized in 
     paragraph (2) in all covered contracts for weapons systems.
       ``(2) Authority for incentive fees and penalties.--The 
     Secretary of Defense is authorized to include in any covered 
     contract provisions for the payment of incentive fees to the 
     contractor based on achievement of design specification 
     requirements for reliability and maintainability of weapons 
     systems under the contract, or the imposition of penalties to 
     be paid by the contractor to the Government for failure to 
     achieve such design specification requirements. Information 
     about such fees or penalties shall be included in the 
     solicitation for any covered contract that includes such fees 
     or penalties.
       ``(3) Measurement of reliability and maintainability.--In 
     carrying out paragraph (2), the program manager shall base 
     determinations of a contractor's performance on reliability 
     and maintainability data collected during the program. Such 
     data collection and associated evaluation metrics shall be 
     described in detail in the covered contract. To the maximum 
     extent practicable, such data shall be shared with 
     appropriate contractor and government organizations.
       ``(4) Notification.--The Secretary of Defense shall notify 
     the congressional defense committees upon entering into a 
     covered contract that includes incentive fees or penalties 
     authorized in paragraph (2).
       ``(e) Covered Contract Defined.--In this section, the term 
     `covered contract', with respect to a weapon system, means a 
     contract--
       ``(1) for the engineering and manufacturing development of 
     a weapon system, including embedded software; or
       ``(2) for the production of a weapon system, including 
     embedded software.''.
       (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at the 
     beginning of subchapter I of such chapter, as amended by 
     section 832, is further amended by adding at the end the 
     following new item:

``2443. Sustainment factors in weapon system design.''.
       (b) Effective Date for Certain Provisions.--Subsections (c) 
     and (d) of section 2443 of title 10, United States Code, as 
     added by subsection (a), shall apply with respect to any 
     covered contract (as defined in that section) for which the 
     contract solicitation is issued on or after the date 
     occurring one year after the date of the enactment of this 
     Act.
       (c) Engineering Change Authorized.--Subject to the 
     availability of appropriations, the Secretary of Defense may 
     fund engineering changes to the design of a weapon system in 
     the engineering and manufacturing development phase or in the 
     production phase of an acquisition program to improve 
     reliability or maintainability of the weapon system and 
     reduce projected operating and support costs.

     SEC. 835. LICENSING OF APPROPRIATE INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY TO 
                   SUPPORT MAJOR WEAPON SYSTEMS.

       (a) Negotiation of Price for Technical Data Before 
     Development or Production of Major Weapon System.--
       (1) Requirement.--Chapter 144 of title 10, United States 
     Code, is amended by inserting after section 2438 the 
     following new section:

     ``Sec. 2439. Negotiation of price for technical data before 
       development or production of major weapon systems

       ``The Secretary of Defense shall ensure that the Department 
     of Defense, before selecting a contractor for the engineering 
     and manufacturing development of a major weapon system, or 
     for the production of a major weapon system, negotiates a 
     price for technical data to be delivered under a contract for 
     such development or production.''.
       (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at the 
     beginning of such chapter is amended by inserting after the 
     item relating to section 2438 the following new item:

``2439. Negotiation of price for technical data before development or 
              production of major weapon systems.''.
       (3) Effective date.--Section 2439 of title 10, United 
     States Code, as added by paragraph (1), shall apply with 
     respect to any contract for engineering and manufacturing 
     development of a major weapon system, or for the production 
     of a major weapon system, for which the contract solicitation 
     is issued on or after the date occurring one year after the 
     date of the enactment of this Act.
       (b) Written Determination for Milestone B Approval.--
       (1) In general.--Subsection (a)(3) of section 2366b of 
     title 10, United States Code, is amended--
       (A) by striking ``and'' at the end of subparagraph (M); and
       (B) by inserting after subparagraph (N) the following new 
     subparagraph:
       ``(O) appropriate actions have been taken to negotiate and 
     enter into a contract or contract options for the technical 
     data required to support the program; and''.
       (2) Effective date.--Section 2366b(a)(3)(O) of title 10, 
     United States Code, as added by paragraph (1), shall apply 
     with respect to any major defense acquisition program 
     receiving Milestone B approval on or after the date occurring 
     one year after the date of the enactment of this Act.
       (c) Preference for Negotiation of Customized License 
     Agreements.--Section 2320 of title 10, United States Code, is 
     amended--
       (1) by redesignating subsections (f) and (g) as subsections 
     (g) and (h), respectively; and
       (2) by inserting after subsection (e) the following new 
     subsection (f):
       ``(f) Preference for Specially Negotiated Licenses.--The 
     Secretary of Defense shall, to the maximum extent 
     practicable, negotiate and enter into a contract with a 
     contractor for a specially negotiated license for technical 
     data to support the product support strategy of a major 
     weapon system or subsystem of a major weapon system. In 
     performing the assessment and developing the corresponding 
     strategy required under subsection (e) for such a system or 
     subsystem, a program manager shall consider the use of 
     specially negotiated licenses to acquire customized technical 
     data appropriate for the particular elements of the product 
     support strategy.''.

     SEC. 836. CODIFICATION OF REQUIREMENTS PERTAINING TO 
                   ASSESSMENT, MANAGEMENT, AND CONTROL OF 
                   OPERATING AND SUPPORT COSTS FOR MAJOR WEAPON 
                   SYSTEMS.

       (a) Codification and Amendment.--
       (1) In general.--Chapter 137 of title 10, United States 
     Code, is amended by inserting after section 2337 the 
     following new section:

     ``Sec. 2337a. Assessment, management, and control of 
       operating and support costs for major weapon systems

       ``(a) Guidance Required.--The Secretary of Defense shall 
     issue and maintain guidance on actions to be taken to assess, 
     manage, and control Department of Defense costs for the 
     operation and support of major weapon systems.
       ``(b) Elements.--The guidance required by subsection (a) 
     shall, at a minimum--
       ``(1) be issued in conjunction with the comprehensive 
     guidance on life-cycle management and the development and 
     implementation of product support strategies for major weapon 
     systems required by section 2337 of this title;
       ``(2) require the military departments to retain each 
     estimate of operating and support costs that is developed at 
     any time during the life cycle of a major weapon system, 
     together with supporting documentation used to develop the 
     estimate;
       ``(3) require the military departments to update estimates 
     of operating and support costs periodically throughout the 
     life cycle of a major weapon system, to determine whether 
     preliminary information and assumptions remain relevant and 
     accurate, and identify and record reasons for variances;
       ``(4) establish policies and procedures for the collection, 
     organization, maintenance, and availability of standardized 
     data on operating and support costs for major weapon systems 
     in accordance with section 2222 of this title;
       ``(5) establish standard requirements for the collection 
     and reporting of data on operating and support costs for 
     major weapon systems by contractors performing weapon system 
     sustainment functions in an appropriate format, and develop 
     contract clauses to ensure that contractors comply with such 
     requirements;
       ``(6) require the military departments--
       ``(A) to collect and retain data from operational and 
     developmental testing and evaluation on the reliability and 
     maintainability of major weapon systems; and
       ``(B) to use such data to inform system design decisions, 
     provide insight into sustainment costs, and inform estimates 
     of operating and support costs for such systems;

[[Page H8757]]

       ``(7) require the military departments to ensure that 
     sustainment factors are fully considered at key life-cycle 
     management decision points and that appropriate measures are 
     taken to reduce operating and support costs by influencing 
     system design early in development, developing sound 
     sustainment strategies, and addressing key drivers of costs;
       ``(8) require the military departments to conduct an 
     independent logistics assessment of each major weapon system 
     prior to key acquisition decision points (including milestone 
     decisions) to identify features that are likely to drive 
     future operating and support costs, changes to system design 
     that could reduce such costs, and effective strategies for 
     managing such costs;
       ``(9) include--
       ``(A) reliability metrics for major weapon systems; and
       ``(B) requirements on the use of metrics under subparagraph 
     (A) as triggers--
       ``(i) to conduct further investigation and analysis into 
     drivers of those metrics; and
       ``(ii) to develop strategies for improving reliability, 
     availability, and maintainability of such systems at an 
     affordable cost; and
       ``(10) require the military departments to conduct periodic 
     reviews of operating and support costs of major weapon 
     systems after such systems achieve initial operational 
     capability to identify and address factors resulting in 
     growth in operating and support costs and adapt support 
     strategies to reduce such costs.
       ``(c) Retention of Data on Operating and Support Costs.--
       ``(1) In general.--The Director of Cost Assessment and 
     Program Evaluation shall be responsible for developing and 
     maintaining a database on operating and support estimates, 
     supporting documentation, and actual operating and support 
     costs for major weapon systems.
       ``(2) Support.--The Secretary of Defense shall ensure that 
     the Director, in carrying out such responsibility--
       ``(A) promptly receives the results of all cost estimates 
     and cost analyses conducted by the military departments with 
     regard to operating and support costs of major weapon 
     systems;
       ``(B) has timely access to any records and data of the 
     military departments (including classified and proprietary 
     information) that the Director considers necessary to carry 
     out such responsibility; and
       ``(C) with the concurrence of the Under Secretary of 
     Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment, may direct the 
     military departments to collect and retain information 
     necessary to support the database.
       ``(d) Major Weapon System Defined.--In this section, the 
     term `major weapon system' has the meaning given that term in 
     section 2379(f) of title 10, United States Code.''.
       (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at the 
     beginning of chapter 137 of such title is amended by adding 
     after the item relating to section 2337 the following new 
     item:

``2337a. Assessment, management, and control of operating and support 
              costs for major weapon systems.''.
       (b) Repeal of Superseded Section.--
       (1) Repeal.--Section 832 of the National Defense 
     Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2012 (Public Law 112-81; 10 
     U.S.C. 2430 note) is repealed.
       (2) Conforming amendment.--Section 2441(c) of title 10, 
     United States Code, is amended by striking ``section 2337 of 
     this title'' and all that follows through the period and 
     inserting ``sections 2337 and 2337a of this title.''.

     SEC. 837. SHOULD-COST MANAGEMENT.

       (a) Requirement for Regulations.--Not later than 180 days 
     after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of 
     Defense shall amend the Defense Supplement to the Federal 
     Acquisition Regulation to provide for the appropriate use of 
     the should-cost review process of a major weapon system in a 
     manner that is transparent, objective, and provides for the 
     efficiency of the systems acquisition process in the 
     Department of the Defense.
       (b) Required Elements.--The regulations required under 
     subsection (a) shall incorporate, at a minimum, the following 
     elements:
       (1) A description of the features of the should-cost review 
     process.
       (2) Establishment of a process for communicating with the 
     prime contractor on the program the elements of a proposed 
     should-cost review.
       (3) A method for ensuring that identified should-cost 
     savings opportunities are based on accurate, complete, and 
     current information and can be quantified and tracked.
       (4) A description of the training, skills, and experience 
     that Department of Defense and contractor officials carrying 
     out a should-cost review in subsection (a) should possess.
       (5) A method for ensuring appropriate collaboration with 
     the contractor throughout the review process.
       (6) Establishment of review process requirements that 
     provide for sufficient analysis and minimize any impact on 
     program schedule.

     SEC. 838. IMPROVEMENTS TO TEST AND EVALUATION PROCESSES AND 
                   TOOLS.

       (a) Developmental Test Plan Sufficiency Assessments.--
       (1) Addition to milestone b brief summary report.--Section 
     2366b(c)(1) of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
       (A) by redesignating subparagraph (G) as subparagraph (H); 
     and
       (B) by inserting after subparagraph (F) the following new 
     subparagraph (G):
       ``(G) An assessment of the sufficiency of developmental 
     test and evaluation plans, including the use of automated 
     data analytics or modeling and simulation tools and 
     methodologies.''.
       (2) Addition to milestone c brief summary report.--Section 
     2366c(a) of such title is amended by inserting after 
     paragraph (3) the following new paragraph:
       ``(4) An assessment of the sufficiency of the developmental 
     test and evaluation completed, including the use of automated 
     data analytics or modeling and simulation tools and 
     methodologies.''.
       (3) Responsibility for conducting assessments.--For 
     purposes of the sufficiency assessments required by section 
     2366b(c)(1) and section 2366c(a)(4) of such title, as added 
     by paragraphs (1) and (2), with respect to a major defense 
     acquisition program--
       (A) if the milestone decision authority for the program is 
     the service acquisition executive of the military department 
     that is managing the program, the sufficiency assessment 
     shall be conducted by the senior official within the military 
     department with responsibility for developmental testing; and
       (B) if the milestone decision authority for the program is 
     the Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and 
     Sustainment, the sufficiency assessment shall be conducted by 
     the senior Department of Defense official with responsibility 
     for developmental testing.
       (4) Guidance required.--Within one year after the date of 
     the enactment of this Act, the senior Department of Defense 
     official with responsibility for developmental testing shall 
     develop guidance for the sufficiency assessments required by 
     section 2366b(c)(1) and section 2366c(a)(4) of title 10, 
     United States Code, as added by paragraphs (1) and (2). At a 
     minimum, the guidance shall require--
       (A) for the sufficiency assessment required by section 
     2366b(c)(1) of such title, that the assessment address the 
     sufficiency of--
       (i) the developmental test and evaluation plan;
       (ii) the developmental test and evaluation schedule, 
     including a comparison to historic analogous systems;
       (iii) the developmental test and evaluation resources 
     (facilities, personnel, test assets, data analytics tools, 
     and modeling and simulation capabilities);
       (iv) the risks of developmental test and production 
     concurrency; and
       (v) the developmental test criteria for entering the 
     production phase; and
       (B) for the sufficiency assessment required by section 
     2366c(a)(4) of such title, that the assessment address--
       (i) the sufficiency of the developmental test and 
     evaluation completed;
       (ii) the sufficiency of the plans and resources available 
     for remaining developmental test and evaluation;
       (iii) the risks identified during developmental testing to 
     the production and deployment phase;
       (iv) the sufficiency of the plans and resources for 
     remaining developmental test and evaluation; and
       (v) the readiness of the system to perform scheduled 
     initial operational test and evaluation.
       (b) Evaluation of Department of Defense Need for 
     Centralized Tools for Developmental Test and Evaluation.--The 
     Secretary of Defense shall evaluate the strategy of the 
     Department of Defense for developing and expanding the use of 
     tools designed to facilitate the cost effectiveness and 
     efficiency of developmental testing, including automated test 
     methods and tools, modeling and simulation tools, and data 
     analytics technologies. The evaluation shall include a 
     determination of the appropriate role of the senior 
     Department of Defense official with responsibility for 
     developmental testing in developing enterprise level 
     strategies related to such types of testing tools.

     SEC. 839. ENHANCEMENTS TO TRANSPARENCY IN TEST AND EVALUATION 
                   PROCESSES AND DATA.

       (a) Additional Test and Evaluation Duties of Military 
     Secretaries and Defense Agency Heads.--
       (1) Report on comparison of operational test and evaluation 
     results to legacy items or components.--Concurrent with the 
     submission of a report required under section 2399(b)(2) of 
     title 10, United States Code, the Secretary of a military 
     department or the head of a Defense Agency may provide to the 
     congressional defense committees and the Secretary of Defense 
     a report describing of the performance of the items or 
     components evaluated as part of the operational test and 
     evaluation for each major defense acquisition program 
     conducted under such section by the Director of Operational 
     Test and Evaluation in relation to comparable legacy items or 
     components, if such items or components exist and relevant 
     data are available without requiring additional testing.
       (2) Additional report on operational test and evaluation 
     activities.--Within 45 days after the submission of an annual 
     report required by section 139(h) of title 10, United States 
     Code, the Secretaries of the military departments may each 
     submit to the congressional defense committees a report 
     addressing any concerns related to information included in 
     the annual report, or providing updated or additional 
     information, as appropriate.
       (b) Requirements for Collection of Cost Data on Test and 
     Evaluation.--
       (1) In general.--Not later than one year after the date of 
     the enactment of this Act and subject to paragraph (2), the 
     Director of Operational Test and Evaluation, the senior 
     official of the Department of Defense with responsibility for 
     developmental testing, and the Director of the Test Resource 
     Management Center shall jointly develop policies, procedures, 
     guidance, and a method to collect data that ensures that 
     consistent and high quality data are collected on the full 
     range of estimated and actual developmental, live fire, and 
     operational testing costs for major defense acquisition 
     programs.
       (2) Concurrence and coordination required.--Before 
     implementing the policies, procedures, guidance, and method 
     developed under

[[Page H8758]]

     paragraph (1), the Director of Operational Test and 
     Evaluation, the senior official of the Department of Defense 
     with responsibility for developmental testing, and the 
     Director of the Test Resource Management Center shall--
       (A) obtain the concurrence of the Director for Cost 
     Assessment and Program Evaluation; and
       (B) coordinate with the Secretaries of the military 
     departments.
       (3) Data requirements.--
       (A) Electronic database.--Data on estimated and actual 
     developmental, live fire, and operational testing costs shall 
     be maintained in an electronic database maintained by the 
     Director for Cost Assessment and Program Evaluation or 
     another appropriate official of the Department of Defense, 
     and shall be made available for analysis by testing, 
     acquisition, and other appropriate officials of the 
     Department of Defense, as determined by the Director of 
     Operational Test and Evaluation, the senior official of the 
     Department of Defense with responsibility for developmental 
     testing, or the Director of the Test Resource Management 
     Center.
       (B) Diaggregation by costs.--To the maximum extent 
     practicable, data collected under this subsection shall be 
     set forth separately by costs for developmental testing, 
     operational testing, and training.
       (c) Major Defense Acquisition Program Defined.--In this 
     section, the term ``major defense acquisition program'' has 
     the meaning provided in section 2430 of title 10, United 
     States Code.

        Subtitle D--Provisions Relating to Acquisition Workforce

     SEC. 841. ENHANCEMENTS TO THE CIVILIAN PROGRAM MANAGEMENT 
                   WORKFORCE.

       (a) Establishment of Program Manager Development Program.--
       (1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense, in consultation 
     with the Secretaries of the military departments, shall 
     implement a program manager development program to provide 
     for the professional development of high-potential, 
     experienced civilian personnel. Personnel shall be 
     competitively selected for the program based on their 
     potential to become a program manager of a major defense 
     acquisition program, as defined in section 2430 of title 10, 
     United States Code. The program shall be administered and 
     overseen by the Secretary of each military department, acting 
     through the service acquisition executive for the department 
     concerned.
       (2) Plan required.--Not later than one year after the date 
     of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall 
     provide to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and 
     the House of Representatives a comprehensive plan to 
     implement the program established under paragraph (1). In 
     developing the plan, the Secretary of Defense shall seek the 
     input of relevant external parties, including professional 
     associations, other government entities, and industry. The 
     plan shall include the following elements:
       (A) An assessment of the minimum level of subject matter 
     experience, education, years of experience, certifications, 
     and other qualifications required to be selected into the 
     program, set forth separately for current Department of 
     Defense employees and for personnel hired into the program 
     from outside the Department of Defense.
       (B) A description of hiring flexibilities to be used to 
     recruit qualified personnel from outside the Department of 
     Defense.
       (C) A description of the extent to which mobility 
     agreements will be required to be signed by personnel 
     selected for the program during their participation in the 
     program and after their completion of the program. The use of 
     mobility agreements shall be applied to help maximize the 
     flexibility of the Department of Defense in assigning 
     personnel, while not inhibiting the participation of the most 
     capable candidates.
       (D) A description of the tenure obligation required of 
     personnel selected for the program.
       (E) A plan for training during the course of the program, 
     including training in leadership, program management, 
     engineering, finance and budgeting, market research, business 
     acumen, contracting, supplier management, requirement setting 
     and tradeoffs, intellectual property matters, and software.
       (F) A description of career paths to be followed by 
     personnel in the program in order to ensure that personnel in 
     the program gain expertise in the program management 
     functional career field competencies identified by the 
     Department in existing guidance and the topics listed in 
     subparagraph (E), including--
       (i) a determination of the types of advanced educational 
     degrees that enhance program management skills and the 
     mechanisms available to the Department of Defense to 
     facilitate the attainment of those degrees by personnel in 
     the program;
       (ii) a determination of required assignments to positions 
     within acquisition programs, including position type and 
     acquisition category of the program office;
       (iii) a determination of required or encouraged rotations 
     to career broadening positions outside of acquisition 
     programs; and
       (iv) a determination of how the program will ensure the 
     opportunity for a required rotation to industry of at least 
     six months to develop an understanding of industry motivation 
     and business acumen, such as by developing an industry 
     exchange program for civilian program managers, similar to 
     the Corporate Fellows Program of the Secretary of Defense.
       (G) A general description of the number of personnel 
     anticipated to be selected into the program, how frequently 
     selections will occur, how long personnel selected into the 
     program will participate in the program, and how personnel 
     will be placed into an assignment at the completion of the 
     program.
       (H) A description of benefits that will be offered under 
     the program using existing human capital flexibilities to 
     retain qualified employees, such as student loan repayments, 
     bonuses, or pay banding.
       (I) An assessment of personnel flexibilities needed to 
     allow the military departments and the Defense Agencies to 
     reassign or remove program managers that do not perform 
     effectively.
       (J) A description of how the program will be administered 
     and overseen by the Secretaries of each military department, 
     acting through the service acquisition executive for the 
     department concerned.
       (K) A description of how the program will be integrated 
     with existing program manager development efforts at each 
     military department.
       (3) Use of defense acquisition workforce development 
     fund.--Amounts in the Department of Defense Acquisition 
     Workforce Development Fund (established under section 1705 of 
     title 10, United States Code) may be used to pay the base 
     salary of personnel in the program established under 
     paragraph (1) during the period of time such personnel are 
     temporarily assigned to a developmental rotation or training 
     program anticipated to last at least six months.
       (4) Implementation.--The program established under 
     paragraph (1) shall be implemented not later than September 
     30, 2019.
       (b) Independent Study of Incentives for Program Managers.--
       (1) Requirement for study.--Not later than 30 days after 
     the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of 
     Defense shall enter into a contract with an independent 
     research entity described in paragraph (2) to carry out a 
     comprehensive study of incentives for Department of Defense 
     civilian and military program managers for major defense 
     acquisition programs, including--
       (A) additional pay options for program managers to provide 
     incentives to senior civilian employees and military officers 
     to accept and remain in program manager roles;
       (B) a financial incentive structure to reward program 
     managers for delivering capabilities on budget and on time; 
     and
       (C) a comparison between financial and non-financial 
     incentive structures for program managers in the Department 
     of Defense and an appropriate comparison group of private 
     industry companies.
       (2) Independent research entity.--The entity described in 
     this subsection is an independent research entity that is a 
     not-for-profit entity or a federally funded research and 
     development center with appropriate expertise and analytical 
     capability.
       (3) Reports.--
       (A) To secretary.--Not later than nine months after the 
     date of the enactment of this Act, the independent research 
     entity shall provide to the Secretary a report containing--
       (i) the results of the study required by paragraph (1); and
       (ii) such recommendations to improve the financial 
     incentive structure of program managers for major defense 
     acquisition programs as the independent research entity 
     considers to be appropriate.
       (B) To congress.--Not later than 30 days after receipt of 
     the report under subparagraph (A), the Secretary of Defense 
     shall submit such report, together with any additional views 
     or recommendations of the Secretary, to the congressional 
     defense committees.

     SEC. 842. CREDITS TO DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE ACQUISITION 
                   WORKFORCE DEVELOPMENT FUND.

       Section 1705(d)(2)(D) of title 10, United States Code, is 
     amended to read as follows:
       ``(D) The Secretary of Defense may adjust the amount 
     specified in subparagraph (C) for a fiscal year if the 
     Secretary determines that the amount is greater or less than 
     reasonably needed for purposes of the Fund for such fiscal 
     year. The Secretary may not adjust the amount for a fiscal 
     year to an amount that is more than $600,000,000 or less than 
     $400,000,000.''.

     SEC. 843. IMPROVEMENTS TO THE HIRING AND TRAINING OF THE 
                   ACQUISITION WORKFORCE.

       (a) Use of Funds From the Defense Acquisition Workforce 
     Development Fund to Pay Salaries of Personnel to Manage the 
     Fund.--
       (1) In general.--Subsection 1705(e) of title 10, United 
     States Code, is amended--
       (A) in paragraph (1)--
       (i) by inserting ``(A)'' before ``Subject to the provisions 
     of this subsection''; and
       (ii) by adding at the end the following new subparagraph:
       ``(B) Amounts in the Fund also may be used to pay salaries 
     of personnel at the Office of the Secretary of Defense, 
     military departments, and Defense Agencies to manage the 
     Fund.''; and
       (B) in paragraph (3)--
       (i) by striking ``and'' at the end of subparagraph (C);
       (ii) by striking the period and inserting ``; and'' at the 
     end of subparagraph (D); and
       (iii) by adding at the end the following new subparagraph:
       ``(E) describing the amount from the Fund that may be used 
     to pay salaries of personnel at the Office of the Secretary 
     of Defense, military departments, and Defense Agencies to 
     manage the Fund and the circumstances under which such 
     amounts may be used for such purpose.''.
       (2) Guidance.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
     the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall 
     issue, and submit to the congressional defense committees, 
     the policy guidance required by subparagraph (E) of section 
     1705(e)(3) of title 10, United States Code, as added by 
     paragraph (1).
       (b) Comptroller General Review of Effectiveness of Hiring 
     and Retention Flexibilities for Acquisition Workforce 
     Personnel.--
       (1) In general.--Not later than June 30, 2019, the 
     Comptroller General of the United States

[[Page H8759]]

     shall submit to the congressional defense committees a report 
     on the effectiveness of hiring and retention flexibilities 
     for the acquisition workforce.
       (2) Elements.--The report under this subsection shall 
     include the following:
       (A) A determination of the extent to which the Department 
     of Defense experiences challenges with recruitment and 
     retention of the acquisition workforce, such as post-
     employment restrictions.
       (B) A description of the hiring and retention flexibilities 
     available to the Department to fill civilian acquisition 
     positions and the extent to which the Department has used the 
     flexibilities available to it to target critical or 
     understaffed career fields.
       (C) A determination of the extent to which the Department 
     has the necessary data and metrics on its use of hiring and 
     retention flexibilities for the civilian acquisition 
     workforce to strategically manage the use of such 
     flexibilities.
       (D) An identification of the factors that affect the use of 
     hiring and retention flexibilities for the civilian 
     acquisition workforce.
       (E) Recommendations for any necessary changes to the hiring 
     and retention flexibilities available to the Department to 
     fill civilian acquisition positions.
       (F) A description of the flexibilities available to the 
     Department to remove underperforming members of the 
     acquisition workforce and the extent to which any such 
     flexibilities are used.
       (c) Assessment and Report Required on Business-related 
     Training for the Acquisition Workforce.--
       (1) Assessment.--The Under Secretary of Defense for 
     Acquisition and Sustainment shall conduct an assessment of 
     the following:
       (A) The effectiveness of industry certifications, other 
     industry training programs, including fellowships, and 
     training and education programs at educational institutions 
     outside of the Defense Acquisition University available to 
     defense acquisition workforce personnel.
       (B) Gaps in knowledge of industry operations, industry 
     motivation, and business acumen in the acquisition workforce.
       (2) Report.--Not later than December 31, 2018, the Under 
     Secretary shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services of 
     the Senate and the House of Representatives a report 
     containing the results of the assessment conducted under this 
     subsection.
       (3) Elements.--The assessment and report under paragraphs 
     (1) and (2) shall address the following:
       (A) Current sources of training and career development 
     opportunities, industry rotations, and other career 
     development opportunities related to knowledge of industry 
     operations, industry motivation, and business acumen for each 
     acquisition position, as designated under section 1721 of 
     title 10, United States Code.
       (B) Gaps in training, industry rotations, and other career 
     development opportunities related to knowledge of industry 
     operations, industry motivation, and business acumen for each 
     such acquisition position.
       (C) Plans to address those gaps for each such acquisition 
     position.
       (D) Consideration of the role industry-taught classes and 
     classes taught at educational institutions outside of the 
     Defense Acquisition University could play in addressing gaps.
       (d) Comptroller General Review of Acquisition Training for 
     Non-acquisition Workforce Personnel.--
       (1) In general.--Not later than June 30, 2019, the 
     Comptroller General of the United States shall submit to the 
     congressional defense committees a report on acquisition-
     related training for personnel working on acquisitions but 
     not considered to be part of the acquisition workforce (as 
     defined in section 101(18) of title 10, United States Code) 
     (hereafter in this subsection referred to as ``non-
     acquisition workforce personnel'').
       (2) Elements.--The report shall address the following:
       (A) The extent to which non-acquisition workforce personnel 
     play a significant role in defining requirements, conducting 
     market research, participating in source selection and 
     contract negotiation efforts, and overseeing contract 
     performance.
       (B) The extent to which the Department is able to identify 
     and track non-acquisition workforce personnel performing the 
     roles identified in subparagraph (A).
       (C) The extent to which non-acquisition workforce personnel 
     are taking acquisition training.
       (D) The extent to which the Defense Acquisition Workforce 
     Development Fund has been used to provide acquisition 
     training to non-acquisition workforce personnel.
       (E) A description of sources of funding other than the Fund 
     that are available to and used by the Department to provide 
     non-acquisition workforce personnel with acquisition 
     training.
       (F) The extent to which additional acquisition training is 
     needed for non-acquisition workforce personnel, including the 
     types of training needed, the positions that need the 
     training, and any challenges to delivering necessary 
     additional training.

     SEC. 844. EXTENSION AND MODIFICATIONS TO ACQUISITION 
                   DEMONSTRATION PROJECT.

       (a) Extension.--Section 1762(g) of title 10, United States 
     Code, is amended by striking ``December 31, 2020'' and 
     inserting ``December 31, 2023''.
       (b) Increase in Limit on Number of Participants.--Section 
     1762(c) of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
     striking ``the demonstration project under this section may 
     not exceed 120,000'' and inserting ``at any one time the 
     demonstration project under this section may not exceed 
     130,000''.
       (c) Implementation Strategy for Improvements in Acquisition 
     Demonstration Project.--
       (1) Strategy required.--The Secretary of Defense shall 
     develop an implementation strategy to address areas for 
     improvement in the demonstration project required by section 
     1762 of title 10, United States Code, as identified in the 
     second assessment of such demonstration project required by 
     section 1762(e) of such title.
       (2) Elements.--The strategy shall include the following 
     elements:
       (A) Actions that have been or will be taken to assess 
     whether the flexibility to set starting salaries at different 
     levels is being used appropriately by supervisors and 
     managers to compete effectively for highly skilled and 
     motivated employees.
       (B) Actions that have been or will be taken to assess 
     reasons for any disparities in career outcomes across race 
     and gender for employees in the demonstration project.
       (C) Actions that have been or will be taken to strengthen 
     the link between employee contribution and compensation for 
     employees in the demonstration project.
       (D) Actions that have been or will be taken to enhance the 
     transparency of the pay system for employees in the 
     demonstration project.
       (E) A time frame and individual responsible for each action 
     identified under subparagraphs (A) through (D).
       (3) Briefing required.--Not later than one year after the 
     date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense 
     shall provide a briefing to the Committees on Armed Services 
     of the Senate and House of Representatives and the Committee 
     on Oversight and Government Reform of the House of 
     Representatives on the implementation strategy required by 
     paragraph (1).

          Subtitle E--Provisions Relating to Commercial Items

     SEC. 846. PROCUREMENT THROUGH COMMERCIAL E-COMMERCE PORTALS.

       (a) Establishment of Program.--The Administrator shall 
     establish a program to procure commercial products through 
     commercial e-commerce portals for purposes of enhancing 
     competition, expediting procurement, enabling market 
     research, and ensuring reasonable pricing of commercial 
     products. The Administrator shall carry out the program in 
     accordance with this section, through multiple contracts with 
     multiple commercial e-commerce portal providers, and shall 
     design the program to be implemented in phases with the 
     objective of enabling Government-wide use of such portals.
       (b) Use of Program.--The head of a department or agency may 
     procure, as appropriate, commercial products for the 
     department or agency using the program established pursuant 
     to subsection (a).
       (c) Implementation and Reporting Requirements.--The 
     Director of the Office of Management and Budget, in 
     consultation with the Administrator and the heads of other 
     relevant departments and agencies, shall carry out the 
     implementation phases set forth in, and submit to the 
     appropriate congressional committees the items of information 
     required by, the following paragraphs:
       (1) Phase i: implementation plan.--Not later than 90 days 
     after the date of the enactment of this Act, an 
     implementation plan and schedule for carrying out the program 
     established pursuant to subsection (a), including a 
     discussion and recommendations regarding whether any changes 
     to, or exemptions from, laws that set forth policies, 
     procedures, requirements, or restrictions for the procurement 
     of property or services by the Federal Government are 
     necessary for effective implementation of this section.
       (2) Phase ii: market analysis and consultation.--Not later 
     than one year after the date of the submission of the 
     implementation plan and schedule required under paragraph 
     (1), recommendations for any changes to, or exemptions from, 
     laws necessary for effective implementation of this section, 
     and information on the results of the following actions:
       (A) Market analysis and initial communications with 
     potential commercial e-commerce portal providers on technical 
     considerations of how the portals function (including the use 
     of standard terms and conditions of the portals by the 
     Government), the degree of customization that can occur 
     without creating a Government-unique portal, the measures 
     necessary to address the considerations for supplier and 
     product screening specified in subsection (e), security of 
     data, considerations pertaining to nontraditional Government 
     contractors, and potential fees, if any, to be charged by the 
     Administrator, the portal provider, or the suppliers for 
     participation in the program established pursuant to 
     subsection (a).
       (B) Consultation with affected departments and agencies 
     about their unique procurement needs, such as supply chain 
     risks for health care products, information technology, 
     software, or any other category determined necessary by the 
     Administrator.
       (C) An assessment of the products or product categories 
     that are suitable for purchase on the commercial e-commerce 
     portals.
       (D) An assessment of the precautions necessary to safeguard 
     any information pertaining to the Federal Government, 
     especially precautions necessary to protect against national 
     security or cybersecurity threats.
       (E) A review of standard terms and conditions of commercial 
     e-commerce portals in the context of Government requirements.
       (F) An assessment of the impact on existing programs, 
     including schedules, set-asides for small business concerns, 
     and other preference programs.
       (3) Phase iii: program implementation guidance.--Not later 
     than two years after the date of the submission of the 
     implementation plan and schedule required under paragraph 
     (1), guidance to implement and govern the use of the program 
     established pursuant to subsection (a), including protocols 
     for oversight of

[[Page H8760]]

     procurement through the program, and compliance with laws 
     pertaining to supplier and product screening requirements, 
     data security, and data analytics.
       (4) Additional implementation phases.--A description of 
     additional implementation phases, as determined by the 
     Administrator, that includes a selection of agencies to 
     participate in any such additional implementation phase 
     (which may include the award of contracts to multiple 
     commercial e-commerce portal providers).
       (d) Considerations for Commercial e-commerce Portals.--The 
     Administrator shall consider commercial e-commerce portals 
     for use under the program established pursuant to subsection 
     (a) that are widely used in the private sector and have or 
     can be configured to have features that facilitate the 
     execution of program objectives, including features related 
     to supplier and product selection that are frequently 
     updated, an assortment of product and supplier reviews, 
     invoicing payment, and customer service.
       (e) Information on Suppliers, Products, and Purchases.--
       (1) Supplier participation and product screening.--The 
     Administrator shall provide or ensure electronic availability 
     to a commercial e-commerce portal provider awarded a contract 
     pursuant to subsection (a) on a periodic basis information 
     necessary to ensure compliance with laws pertaining to 
     supplier and product screening as identified during 
     implementation phase III, as described in subsection (c)(3).
       (2) Provision of order information.--The Administrator 
     shall require each commercial e-commerce portal provider 
     awarded a contract pursuant to subsection (a) to provide 
     order information as determined by the Administrator during 
     implementation phase II, as described in subsection (c)(2).
       (f) Relationship to Other Provisions of Law.--
       (1) All laws, including laws that set forth policies, 
     procedures, requirements, or restrictions for the procurement 
     of property or services by the Federal Government, apply to 
     the program established pursuant to subsection (a) unless 
     otherwise provided in this section.
       (2) A procurement of a product made through a commercial e-
     commerce portal under the program established pursuant to 
     subsection (a) is deemed to be an award of a prime contract 
     for purposes of the goals established under section 15(g) of 
     the Small Business Act (15 U.S.C. 644(g)), if the purchase is 
     from a supplier that is a small business concern.
       (3) Nothing in this section shall be construed as limiting 
     the authority of a department or agency to restrict 
     competition to small business concerns.
       (4) Nothing in this section shall be construed as limiting 
     the applicability of section 1341 of title 31, United States 
     Code (popularly referred to as the Anti-Deficiency Act).
       (g) Use of Commercial Practices and Standard Terms and 
     Conditions.--A procurement of a product through a commercial 
     e-commerce portal used under the program established pursuant 
     to subsection (a) shall be made, to the maximum extent 
     practicable, under the standard terms and conditions of the 
     portal relating to purchasing on the portal.
       (h) Disclosure, Protection, and Use of Information.--In any 
     contract awarded to a commercial e-commerce portal provider 
     pursuant to subsection (a), the Administrator shall require 
     that the provider--
       (1) agree not to sell or otherwise make available to any 
     third party any information pertaining to a product ordered 
     by the Federal Government through the commercial e-commerce 
     portal in a manner that identifies the Federal Government, or 
     any of its departments or agencies, as the purchaser, except 
     if the information is needed to process or deliver an order 
     or the Administrator provides written consent;
       (2) agree to take the necessary precautions to safeguard 
     any information pertaining to the Federal Government, 
     especially precautions necessary to protect against national 
     security or cybersecurity threats; and
       (3) agree not to use, for pricing, marketing, competitive, 
     or other purposes, any information related to a product from 
     a third-party supplier featured on the commercial e-commerce 
     portal or the transaction of such a product, except as 
     necessary to comply with the requirements of the program 
     established pursuant to subsection (a).
       (i) Simplified Acquisition Threshold.--A procurement 
     through a commercial e-commerce portal used under the program 
     established pursuant to subsection (a) shall not exceed the 
     simplified acquisition threshold in section 134 of title 41, 
     United States Code.
       (j) Comptroller General Assessments.--
       (1) Assessment of implementation plan.--Not later than 90 
     days after the Director of the Office of Management and 
     Budget submits the implementation plan described in 
     subsection (c)(1) to the appropriate congressional 
     committees, the Comptroller General of the United States 
     shall submit to the appropriate congressional committees an 
     assessment of the plan, including any other matters the 
     Comptroller General considers relevant to the plan.
       (2) Assessment of program implementation.--Not later than 
     three years after the first contract with a commercial e-
     commerce portal provider is awarded pursuant to subsection 
     (a), the Comptroller General of the United States shall 
     submit to the appropriate congressional committees a report 
     on the challenges and benefits the General Services 
     Administration and participating departments and agencies 
     observe regarding implementation of the program established 
     pursuant to subsection (a). The report shall include the 
     following elements:
       (A) A description of the acquisition of the commercial e-
     commerce portals (including the extent to which the portals 
     had to be configured or otherwise modified to meet the needs 
     of the program) costs, and the implementation schedule.
       (B) A description of participation by suppliers, with 
     particular attention to those described under subsection (e), 
     that have registered or that have sold goods with at least 
     one commercial e-commerce portal provider, including numbers, 
     categories, and trends.
       (C) The effect, if any, of the program on the ability of 
     agencies to meet goals established for suppliers and products 
     described under subsection (e), including goals established 
     under section 15(g) of the Small Business Act (15 U.S.C. 
     644(g)).
       (D) A discussion of the limitations, if any, to 
     participation by suppliers in the program.
       (E) Any other matters the Comptroller General considers 
     relevant to report.
       (k) Definitions.--In this section:
       (1) Administrator.--The term ``Administrator'' means the 
     Administrator of General Services.
       (2) Appropriate congressional committees.--The term 
     ``appropriate congressional committees'' means the following:
       (A) The Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and 
     House of Representatives.
       (B) The Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental 
     Affairs of the Senate and the Committee on Oversight and 
     Government Reform of the House of Representatives.
       (C) The Committee on Small Business and Entrepreneurship of 
     the Senate and the Committee on Small Business of the House 
     of Representatives.
       (3) Commercial e-commerce portal.--The term ``commercial e-
     commerce portal'' means a commercial solution providing for 
     the purchase of commercial products aggregated, distributed, 
     sold, or manufactured via an online portal. The term does not 
     include an online portal managed by the Government for, or 
     predominantly for use by, Government agencies.
       (4) Commercial product.--The term ``commercial product'' 
     means a commercially available off-the-shelf item, as defined 
     in section 104 of title 41, United States Code, except the 
     term does not include services.
       (5) Small business concern.--The term ``small business 
     concern'' has the meaning given such term under section 3 of 
     the Small Business Act (15 U.S.C. 632).

     SEC. 847. REVISION TO DEFINITION OF COMMERCIAL ITEM.

       (a) In General.--Section 103(8) of title 41, United States 
     Code, is amended by inserting before the period at the end 
     the following: ``or to multiple foreign governments''.
       (b) Effect on Section 2464 of Title 10.--Nothing in the 
     amendment made by subsection (a) shall affect the meaning of 
     the term ``commercial item'' for purposes of subsection 
     (a)(5) of section 2464 of title 10, United States Code, or 
     any requirement under subsection (a)(3) or subsection (c) of 
     such section.

     SEC. 848. COMMERCIAL ITEM DETERMINATIONS.

       Section 2380 of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
       (1) by striking ``The Secretary'' and inserting ``(a) In 
     General.--The Secretary''; and
       (2) by adding at the end the following new subsection:
       ``(b) Items Previously Acquired Using Commercial Item 
     Acquisition Procedures.--
       ``(1) Determinations.--A contract for an item acquired 
     using commercial item acquisition procedures under part 12 of 
     the Federal Acquisition Regulation shall serve as a prior 
     commercial item determination with respect to such item for 
     purposes of this chapter unless the senior procurement 
     executive of the military department or the Department of 
     Defense as designated for purposes of section 1702(c) of 
     title 41 determines in writing that it is no longer 
     appropriate to acquire the item using commercial item 
     acquisition procedures.
       ``(2) Limitation.--(A) Except as provided under 
     subparagraph (B), funds appropriated or otherwise made 
     available to the Department of Defense may not be used for 
     the procurement under part 15 of the Federal Acquisition 
     Regulation of an item that was previously acquired under a 
     contract using commercial item acquisition procedures under 
     part 12 of the Federal Acquisition Regulation.
       ``(B) The limitation under subparagraph (A) does not apply 
     to the procurement of an item that was previously acquired 
     using commercial item acquisition procedures under part 12 of 
     the Federal Acquisition Regulation following--
       ``(i) a written determination by the head of contracting 
     activity pursuant to section 2306a(b)(4)(B) of this title 
     that the use of such procedures was improper; or
       ``(ii) a written determination by the senior procurement 
     executive of the military department or the Department of 
     Defense as designated for purposes of section 1702(c) of 
     title 41 that it is no longer appropriate to acquire the item 
     using such procedures.''.

     SEC. 849. REVIEW OF REGULATIONS ON COMMERCIAL ITEMS.

       (a) Review of Determinations Not to Exempt Department of 
     Defense Contracts for Commercial Items and Commercially 
     Available Off-the-shelf Items From Certain Laws and 
     Regulations.--Not later than one year after the date of the 
     enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall--
       (1) review each determination of the Federal Acquisition 
     Regulatory Council pursuant to section 1906(b)(2), section 
     1906(c)(3), or section 1907(a)(2) of title 41, United States 
     Code, not to exempt contracts and subcontracts described in 
     subsection (a) of section 2375 of title 10, United States 
     Code, from laws such contracts and subcontracts would 
     otherwise be exempt from under section 1906(d) of title 41, 
     United States Code; and
       (2) propose revisions to the Department of Defense 
     Supplement to the Federal Acquisition Regulation to provide 
     an exemption from each

[[Page H8761]]

     law subject to such determination unless the Secretary 
     determines there is a specific reason not to provide the 
     exemption.
       (b) Review of Certain Contract Clause Requirements 
     Applicable to Commercial Item Contracts.--Not later than one 
     year after the date of the enactment of this Act, the 
     Secretary of Defense shall--
       (1) review the Department of Defense Supplement to the 
     Federal Acquisition Regulation to assess all regulations that 
     require a specific contract clause for a contract using 
     commercial item acquisition procedures under part 12 of the 
     Federal Acquisition Regulation, except for regulations 
     required by law or Executive order; and
       (2) propose revisions to the Department of Defense 
     Supplement to the Federal Acquisition Regulation to eliminate 
     regulations reviewed under paragraph (1) unless the Secretary 
     determines on a case-by-case basis that there is a specific 
     reason not to eliminate the regulation.
       (c) Elimination of Certain Contract Clause Regulations 
     Applicable to Commercially Available Off-the-shelf Item 
     Subcontracts.--Not later than one year after the date of the 
     enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall--
       (1) review the Department of Defense Supplement to the 
     Federal Acquisition Regulation to assess all regulations that 
     require a prime contractor to include a specific contract 
     clause in a subcontract for commercially available off-the-
     shelf items unless the inclusion of such clause is required 
     by law or Executive order; and
       (2) propose revisions to the Department of Defense 
     Supplement to the Federal Acquisition Regulation to eliminate 
     regulations reviewed under paragraph (1) unless the Secretary 
     determines on a case-by-case basis that there is a specific 
     reason not to eliminate the regulation.

     SEC. 850. TRAINING IN COMMERCIAL ITEMS PROCUREMENT.

       (a) Training.--Not later than one year after the date of 
     the enactment of this Act, the President of the Defense 
     Acquisition University shall establish a comprehensive 
     training program on part 12 of the Federal Acquisition 
     Regulation. The training shall cover, at a minimum, the 
     following topics:
       (1) The origin of part 12 and the congressional mandate to 
     prefer commercial procurements.
       (2) The definition of a commercial item, with a particular 
     focus on the ``of a type'' concept.
       (3) Price analysis and negotiations.
       (4) Market research and analysis.
       (5) Independent cost estimates.
       (6) Parametric estimating methods.
       (7) Value analysis.
       (8) Best practices in pricing from commercial sector 
     organizations, foreign government organizations, and other 
     Federal, State, and local public sectors organizations.
       (9) Other topics on commercial procurements necessary to 
     ensure a well-educated acquisition workforce.
       (b) Enrollments Goals.--The President of the Defense 
     Acquisition University shall set goals for student enrollment 
     for the comprehensive training program established under 
     subsection (a).
       (c) Supporting Activities.--The Secretary of Defense shall, 
     in support of the achievement of the goals of this section--
       (1) engage academic experts on research topics of interest 
     to improve commercial item identification and pricing 
     methodologies; and
       (2) facilitate exchange and interface opportunities between 
     government personnel to increase awareness of best practices 
     and challenges in commercial item identification and pricing.
       (d) Funding.--The Secretary of Defense shall use amounts 
     available in the Department of Defense Acquisition Workforce 
     Development Fund established under section 1705 of title 10, 
     United States Code, to fund the comprehensive training 
     program established under subsection (a).

        Subtitle F--Provisions Relating to Services Contracting

     SEC. 851. IMPROVEMENT OF PLANNING FOR ACQUISITION OF 
                   SERVICES.

       (a) In General.--
       (1) Improvement of planning for acquisition of services.--
     Chapter 137 of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
     inserting after section 2328 the following new section:

     ``Sec. 2329. Procurement of services: data analysis and 
       requirements validation

       ``(a) In General.--The Secretary of Defense shall ensure 
     that--
       ``(1) appropriate and sufficiently detailed data are 
     collected and analyzed to support the validation of 
     requirements for services contracts and inform the planning, 
     programming, budgeting, and execution process of the 
     Department of Defense;
       ``(2) requirements for services contracts are evaluated 
     appropriately and in a timely manner to inform decisions 
     regarding the procurement of services; and
       ``(3) decisions regarding the procurement of services 
     consider available resources and total force management 
     policies and procedures.
       ``(b) Specification of Amounts Requested in Budget.--
     Effective October 1, 2022, the Secretary of Defense shall 
     annually submit to Congress information on services contracts 
     that clearly and separately identifies the amount requested 
     for each category of services to be procured for each Defense 
     Agency, Department of Defense Field Activity, command, or 
     military installation. Such information shall--
       ``(1) be submitted at or about the time of the budget 
     submission by the President under section 1105(a) of title 
     31;
       ``(2) cover the fiscal year covered by such budget 
     submission by the President;
       ``(3) be consistent with total amounts of estimated 
     expenditures and proposed appropriations necessary to support 
     the programs, projects, and activities of the Department of 
     Defense included in such budget submission by the President 
     for that fiscal year; and
       ``(4) be organized using a common enterprise data structure 
     developed under section 2222 of this title.
       ``(c) Data Analysis.--(1) Each Secretary of a military 
     department shall regularly analyze past spending patterns and 
     anticipated future requirements with respect to the 
     procurement of services within such military department.
       ``(2)(A) The Secretary of Defense shall regularly analyze 
     past spending patterns and anticipated future requirements 
     with respect to the procurement of services--
       ``(i) within each Defense Agency and Department of Defense 
     Field Activity; and
       ``(ii) across military departments, Defense Agencies, and 
     Department of Defense Field Activities.
       ``(B) The Secretaries of the military departments shall 
     make data on services contracts available to the Secretary of 
     Defense for purposes of conducting the analysis required 
     under subparagraph (A).
       ``(3) The analyses conducted under this subsection shall--
       ``(A) identify contracts for similar services that are 
     procured for three or more consecutive years at each Defense 
     Agency, Department of Defense Field Activity, command, or 
     military installation;
       ``(B) evaluate patterns in the procurement of services, to 
     the extent practicable, at each Defense Agency, Department of 
     Defense Field Activity, command, or military installation and 
     by category of services procured;
       ``(C) be used to validate requirements for services 
     contracts entered into after the date of the enactment of 
     this subsection; and
       ``(D) be used to inform decisions on the award of and 
     funding for such services contracts.
       ``(d) Requirements Evaluation.--Each Services Requirements 
     Review Board shall evaluate each requirement for a services 
     contract, taking into consideration total force management 
     policies and procedures, available resources, the analyses 
     conducted under subsection (c), and contracting efficacy and 
     efficiency. An evaluation of a services contract for 
     compliance with contracting policies and procedures may not 
     be considered to be an evaluation of a requirement for such 
     services contract.
       ``(e) Timely Planning to Avoid Bridge Contracts.--(1) 
     Effective October 1, 2018, the Secretary of Defense shall 
     ensure that a requirements owner shall, to the extent 
     practicable, plan appropriately before the date of need of a 
     service at a Defense Agency, Department of Defense Field 
     Activity, command, or military installation to avoid the use 
     of a bridge contract to provide for continuation of a service 
     to be performed through a services contract. Such planning 
     shall include allowing time for a requirement to be 
     validated, a services contract to be entered into, and 
     funding for the services contract to be secured.
       ``(2)(A) Upon the first use, due to inadequate planning (as 
     determined by the Secretary of Defense), of a bridge contract 
     to provide for continuation of a service to be performed 
     through a services contract, the requirements owner, along 
     with the contracting officer or a designee of the contracting 
     officer for the contract, shall--
       ``(i) for a services contract in an amount less than 
     $10,000,000, provide an update on the status of the bridge 
     contract (including the rationale for using the bridge 
     contract) to the commander or the senior civilian official of 
     the Defense Agency concerned, Department of Defense Field 
     Activity concerned, command concerned, or military 
     installation concerned, as applicable; or
       ``(ii) for a services contract in an amount equal to or 
     greater than $10,000,000, provide an update on the status of 
     the bridge contract (including the rationale for using the 
     bridge contract) to the service acquisition executive for the 
     military department concerned, the head of the Defense Agency 
     concerned, the combatant commander concerned, or the Under 
     Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment, as 
     applicable.
       ``(B) Upon the second use, due to inadequate planning (as 
     determined by the Secretary of Defense), of a bridge contract 
     to provide for continuation of a service to be performed 
     through a services contract in an amount less than 
     $10,000,000, the commander or senior civilian official 
     referred to in subparagraph (A)(i) shall provide notification 
     of such second use to the Vice Chief of Staff of the armed 
     force concerned and the service acquisition executive of the 
     military department concerned, the head of the Defense Agency 
     concerned, the combatant commander concerned, or the Under 
     Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment, as 
     applicable.
       ``(f) Exception.--Except with respect to the analyses 
     required under subsection (c), this section shall not apply 
     to--
       ``(1) services contracts in support of contingency 
     operations, humanitarian assistance, or disaster relief;
       ``(2) services contracts in support of a national security 
     emergency declared with respect to a named operation; or
       ``(3) services contracts entered into pursuant to an 
     international agreement.
       ``(g) Definitions.--In this section:
       ``(1) The term `bridge contact' means--
       ``(A) an extension to an existing contract beyond the 
     period of performance to avoid a lapse in service caused by a 
     delay in awarding a subsequent contract; or
       ``(B) a new short-term contract awarded on a sole-source 
     basis to avoid a lapse in service caused by a delay in 
     awarding a subsequent contract.
       ``(2) The term `requirements owner' means a member of the 
     armed forces (other than the

[[Page H8762]]

     Coast Guard) or a civilian employee of the Department of 
     Defense responsible for a requirement for a service to be 
     performed through a services contract.
       ``(3) The term `Services Requirements Review Board' has the 
     meaning given in Department of Defense Instruction 5000.74, 
     titled `Defense Acquisition of Services' and dated January 5, 
     2016, or a successor instruction.''
       (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at the 
     beginning of such chapter is amended by inserting after the 
     item relating to section 2328 the following new item:

``2329. Procurement of services: data analysis and requirements 
              validation.''.

     SEC. 852. STANDARD GUIDELINES FOR EVALUATION OF REQUIREMENTS 
                   FOR SERVICES CONTRACTS.

       (a) In General.--The Secretary of Defense shall encourage 
     the use of standard guidelines within the Department of 
     Defense for the evaluation of requirements for services 
     contracts. Such guidelines shall be available to the Services 
     Requirements Review Boards (established under Department of 
     Defense Instruction 5000.74, titled ``Defense Acquisition of 
     Services'' and dated January 5, 2016, or a successor 
     instruction) within each Defense Agency, each Department of 
     Defense Field Activity, and each military department for the 
     purpose of standardizing the requirements evaluation required 
     under section 2329 of title 10, United States Code, as added 
     by this Act.
       (b) Definitions.--In this section--
       (1) the terms ``Defense Agency'', ``Department of Defense 
     Field Activity'', and ``military department'' have the 
     meanings given those terms in section 101 of title 10, United 
     States Code; and
       (2) the term ``total force management policies and 
     procedures'' means the policies and procedures established 
     under section 129a of such title.

     SEC. 853. REPORT ON OUTCOME-BASED SERVICES CONTRACTS.

       Not later than April 1, 2018, the Secretary of Defense 
     shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the 
     Senate and House of Representatives a report on the merits of 
     using outcome-based services contracts within the Department 
     of Defense. Such report shall include a comparison of the use 
     of outcome-based services contracts by the Department of 
     Defense compared to input-based services contracts, the 
     limitations of outcome-based services contracts, and an 
     analysis of the cost implications of both approaches.

     SEC. 854. PILOT PROGRAM FOR LONGER TERM MULTIYEAR SERVICE 
                   CONTRACTS.

       (a) Establishment.--The Secretary of Defense shall carry 
     out a pilot program under which the Secretary may use the 
     authority under subsection (a) of section 2306c of title 10, 
     United States Code, to enter into up to five contracts for 
     periods of not more than 10 years for services described in 
     subsection (b) of such section. Each contract entered into 
     pursuant to this subsection may be extended for up to five 
     additional one-year terms.
       (b) Study.--
       (1) In general.--Not later than 90 days after the date of 
     the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall 
     enter into an agreement with an independent organization with 
     relevant expertise to study best practices and lessons 
     learned from using services contracts for periods longer than 
     five years by commercial companies, foreign governments, and 
     State governments, as well as service contracts for periods 
     longer than five years used by the Federal Government, such 
     as energy savings performance contracts (as defined in 
     section to section 804(3) of the National Energy Conservation 
     Policy Act (42 U.S.C. 8287c(3)).
       (2) Report.--Not later than one year after the date of the 
     enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit 
     to the congressional defense committees a report on the study 
     conducted under paragraph (1).
       (c) Comptroller General Report.--Not later than five years 
     after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Comptroller 
     General of the United States shall submit to the 
     congressional defense committees a report on the pilot 
     program carried out under this section.

  Subtitle G--Provisions Relating to Other Transaction Authority and 
                              Prototyping

     SEC. 861. CONTRACT AUTHORITY FOR ADVANCED DEVELOPMENT OF 
                   INITIAL OR ADDITIONAL PROTOTYPE UNITS.

       (a) Permanent Authority.--
       (1) In general.--Chapter 137 of title 10, United States 
     Code, is amended by inserting after section 2302d the 
     following new section:

     ``Sec. 2302e. Contract authority for advanced development of 
       initial or additional prototype units

       ``(a) Authority.--A contract initially awarded from the 
     competitive selection of a proposal resulting from a general 
     solicitation referred to in section 2302(2)(B) of this title 
     may contain a contract line item or contract option for--
       ``(1) the provision of advanced component development, 
     prototype, or initial production of technology developed 
     under the contract; or
       ``(2) the delivery of initial or additional items if the 
     item or a prototype thereof is created as the result of work 
     performed under the contract.
       ``(b) Limitations.--
       ``(1) Minimal amount.--A contract line item or contract 
     option described in subsection (a)(2) shall require the 
     delivery of the minimal amount of initial or additional items 
     to allow for the timely competitive solicitation and award of 
     a follow-on development or production contract for those 
     items.
       ``(2) Term.--A contract line item or contract option 
     described in subsection (a) shall be for a term of not more 
     than 2 years.
       ``(3) Dollar value of work.--The dollar value of the work 
     to be performed pursuant to a contract line item or contract 
     option described in subsection (a) may not exceed 
     $100,000,000, in fiscal year 2017 constant dollars.
       ``(4) Applicability.--The authority provided in subsection 
     (a) applies only to the Secretary of Defense, the Secretary 
     of the Army, the Secretary of the Navy, and the Secretary of 
     the Air Force.''.
       (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at the 
     beginning of such chapter is amended by inserting after the 
     item relating to section 2302d the following new item:

``2302e. Contract authority for advanced development of initial or 
              additional prototype units.''.
       (b) Repeal of Obsolete Authority.--Section 819 of the 
     National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2010 
     (Public Law 111-84; 10 U.S.C. 2302 note) is hereby repealed.

     SEC. 862. METHODS FOR ENTERING INTO RESEARCH AGREEMENTS.

       Section 2358(b) of title 10, United States Code, is 
     amended--
       (1) in paragraph (3), by striking ``or'';
       (2) in paragraph (4), by striking the period at the end and 
     inserting a semicolon; and
       (3) by adding at the end the following new paragraphs:
       ``(5) by transactions (other than contracts, cooperative 
     agreements, and grants) entered into pursuant to section 2371 
     or 2371b of this title; or
       ``(6) by purchases through procurement for experimental 
     purposes pursuant to section 2373 of this title.''.

     SEC. 863. EDUCATION AND TRAINING FOR TRANSACTIONS OTHER THAN 
                   CONTRACTS AND GRANTS.

       Section 2371 of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
       (1) by redesignating subsection (g) as subsection (h); and
       (2) by inserting after subsection (f) the following new 
     subsection:
       ``(g) Education and Training.--The Secretary of Defense 
     shall--
       ``(1) ensure that management, technical, and contracting 
     personnel of the Department of Defense involved in the award 
     or administration of transactions under this section or other 
     innovative forms of contracting are afforded opportunities 
     for adequate education and training; and
       ``(2) establish minimum levels and requirements for 
     continuous and experiential learning for such personnel, 
     including levels and requirements for acquisition 
     certification programs.''.

     SEC. 864. OTHER TRANSACTION AUTHORITY FOR CERTAIN PROTOTYPE 
                   PROJECTS.

       (a) Expanded Authority for Prototype Projects.--Subsection 
     (a)(2) of section 2371b of title 10, United States Code, is 
     amended--
       (1) by striking ``for a prototype project'' each place such 
     term appears and inserting ``for a transaction (for a 
     prototype project)'';
       (2) in subparagraph (A)--
       (A) by striking ``$50,000,000'' and inserting 
     ``$100,000,000''; and
       (B) by striking ``$250,000,000'' and inserting 
     ``$500,000,000''; and
       (3) in subparagraph (B), by striking ``$250,000,000'' and 
     inserting ``$500,000,000''.
       (b) Clarification of Inclusion of Small Businesses 
     Participating in SBIR or STTR.--Subparagraph (B) of section 
     2371b(d)(1) of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
     inserting ``(including small businesses participating in a 
     program described under section 9 of the Small Business Act 
     (15 U.S.C. 638))'' after ``small businesses''.
       (c) Modification of Cost Sharing Requirement for Use of 
     Other Transaction Authority.--Subparagraph (C) of such 
     section is amended by striking ``provided by parties to the 
     transaction'' and inserting ``provided by sources other 
     than''.
       (d) Use of Other Transaction Authority for Ongoing 
     Prototype Projects.--Subsection (f)(1) of section 2371b of 
     title 10, United States Code, is amended by adding at the end 
     the following: ``A transaction includes all individual 
     prototype subprojects awarded under the transaction to a 
     consortium of United States industry and academic 
     institutions.''.

     SEC. 865. AMENDMENT TO NONTRADITIONAL AND SMALL CONTRACTOR 
                   INNOVATION PROTOTYPING PROGRAM.

       Section 884(d) of the National Defense Authorization Act 
     for Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328; 130 Stat. 2318; 10 
     U.S.C. 2302 note) is amended--
       (1) by redesignating paragraph (9) as paragraph (10); and
       (2) by inserting after paragraph (8) the following new 
     paragraph (9):
       ``(9) Unmanned ground logistics and unmanned air logistics 
     capabilities enhancement.''.

     SEC. 866. MIDDLE TIER OF ACQUISITION FOR RAPID PROTOTYPE AND 
                   RAPID FIELDING.

       Section 804(c)(2) of the National Defense Authorization Act 
     for Fiscal Year 2016 (Public Law 114-92; 10 U.S.C. 2302 note) 
     is amended--
       (1) by striking subparagraph (C); and
       (2) by redesignating subparagraphs (D) and (E) as 
     subparagraphs (C) and (D), respectively.

     SEC. 867. PREFERENCE FOR USE OF OTHER TRANSACTIONS AND 
                   EXPERIMENTAL AUTHORITY.

       In the execution of science and technology and prototyping 
     programs, the Secretary of Defense shall establish a 
     preference, to be applied in circumstances determined 
     appropriate by the Secretary, for using transactions other 
     than contracts, cooperative agreements, and grants entered 
     into pursuant to sections 2371 and 2371b of title 10, United 
     States Code, and authority for procurement for experimental 
     purposes pursuant to section 2373 of title 10, United States 
     Code.

[[Page H8763]]

  


     SEC. 868. PROTOTYPE PROJECTS TO DIGITIZE DEFENSE ACQUISITION 
                   REGULATIONS, POLICIES, AND GUIDANCE, AND 
                   EMPOWER USER TAILORING OF ACQUISITION PROCESS.

       (a) In General.--The Secretary of Defense, acting through 
     the Under Secretary of Defense for Research and Engineering, 
     shall conduct development efforts to develop prototypes to 
     digitize defense acquisition regulations, policies, and 
     guidance and to develop a digital decision support tool that 
     facilitates the ability of users to tailor programs in 
     accordance with existing laws, regulations, and guidance.
       (b) Elements.--Under the prototype projects, the Secretary 
     shall--
       (1) convert existing acquisition policies, guides, memos, 
     templates, and reports to an online, interactive digital 
     format to create a dynamic, integrated, and authoritative 
     knowledge environment for purposes of assisting program 
     managers and the acquisition workforce of the Department of 
     Defense to navigate the complex lifecycle for each major type 
     of acquisition program or activity of the Department;
       (2) as part of this digital environment, create a digital 
     decision support capability that uses decision trees and 
     tailored acquisition models to assist users to develop 
     strategies and facilitate coordination and approvals; and
       (3) as part of this environment, establish a foundational 
     data layer to enable advanced data analytics on the 
     acquisition enterprise of the Department, to include business 
     process reengineering to improve productivity.
       (c) Use of Prototypes in Acquisition Activities.--The Under 
     Secretary of Defense for Research and Engineering shall 
     encourage the use of these prototypes to model, develop, and 
     test any procedures, policies, instructions, or other forms 
     of direction and guidance that may be required to support 
     acquisition training, practices, and policies of the 
     Department of Defense.
       (d) Funding.--The Secretary may use the authority under 
     section 1705(e)(4)(B) of title 10, United States Code, to 
     develop acquisition support prototypes and tools under this 
     program.

        Subtitle H--Provisions Relating to Software Acquisition

     SEC. 871. NONCOMMERCIAL COMPUTER SOFTWARE ACQUISITION 
                   CONSIDERATIONS.

       (a) In General.--
       (1) Requirement.--Chapter 137 of title 10, United States 
     Code, as amended by section 802, is further amended by 
     inserting after section 2322 the following new section:

     ``Sec. 2322a. Requirement for consideration of certain 
       matters during acquisition of noncommercial computer 
       software

       ``(a) Consideration Required.--As part of any negotiation 
     for the acquisition of noncommercial computer software, the 
     Secretary of Defense shall ensure that such negotiations 
     consider, to the maximum extent practicable, acquisition, at 
     the appropriate time in the life cycle of the noncommercial 
     computer software, of all software and related materials 
     necessary--
       ``(1) to reproduce, build, or recompile the software from 
     original source code and required libraries;
       ``(2) to conduct required computer software testing; and
       ``(3) to deploy working computer software system binary 
     files on relevant system hardware.
       ``(b) Delivery of Software and Related Materials.--Any 
     noncommercial computer software or related materials required 
     to be delivered as a result of considerations in subsection 
     (a) shall, to the extent appropriate as determined by the 
     Secretary--
       ``(1) include computer software delivered in a useable, 
     digital format;
       ``(2) not rely on external or additional software code or 
     data, unless such software code or data is included in the 
     items to be delivered; and
       ``(3) in the case of negotiated terms that do not allow for 
     the inclusion of dependent software code or data, sufficient 
     documentation to support maintenance and understanding of 
     interfaces and software revision history.''.
       (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at the 
     beginning of such chapter is amended by adding after the item 
     relating to section 2322, as added by section 802, the 
     following new item:

``2322a. Requirement for consideration of certain matters during 
              acquisition of noncommercial computer software.''.
       (b) Guidance.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
     the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall 
     issue updated guidance to implement section 2322a of title 
     10, United States Code, as added by subsection (a).

     SEC. 872. DEFENSE INNOVATION BOARD ANALYSIS OF SOFTWARE 
                   ACQUISITION REGULATIONS.

       (a) Study.--
       (1) In general.--Not later than 30 days after the date of 
     the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall 
     direct the Defense Innovation Board to undertake a study on 
     streamlining software development and acquisition 
     regulations.
       (2) Member participation.--The Chairman of the Defense 
     Innovation Board shall select appropriate members from the 
     membership of the Board to participate in the study, and may 
     recommend additional temporary members or contracted support 
     personnel to the Secretary of Defense for the purposes of the 
     study. In considering additional appointments to the study, 
     the Secretary of Defense shall ensure that members have 
     significant technical, legislative, or regulatory expertise 
     and reflect diverse experiences in the public and private 
     sector.
       (3) Scope.--The study conducted pursuant to paragraph (1) 
     shall--
       (A) review the acquisition regulations applicable to, and 
     organizational structures within, the Department of Defense 
     with a view toward streamlining and improving the efficiency 
     and effectiveness of software acquisition in order to 
     maintain defense technology advantage;
       (B) review ongoing software development and acquisition 
     programs, including a cross section of programs that offer a 
     variety of application types, functional communities, and 
     scale, in order to identify case studies of best and worst 
     practices currently in use within the Department of Defense;
       (C) produce specific and detailed recommendations for any 
     legislation, including the amendment or repeal of 
     regulations, as well as non-legislative approaches, that the 
     members of the Board conducting the study determine necessary 
     to--
       (i) streamline development and procurement of software;
       (ii) adopt or adapt best practices from the private sector 
     applicable to Government use;
       (iii) promote rapid adoption of new technology;
       (iv) improve the talent management of the software 
     acquisition workforce, including by providing incentives for 
     the recruitment and retention of such workforce within the 
     Department of Defense;
       (v) ensure continuing financial and ethical integrity in 
     procurement; and
       (vi) protect the best interests of the Department of 
     Defense; and
       (D) produce such additional recommendations for legislation 
     as such members consider appropriate.
       (4) Access to information.--The Secretary of Defense shall 
     provide the Defense Innovation Board with timely access to 
     appropriate information, data, resources, and analysis so 
     that the Board may conduct a thorough and independent 
     analysis as required under this subsection.
       (b) Reports.--
       (1) Interim reports.--Not later than 150 days after the 
     date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense 
     shall submit a report to or brief the congressional defense 
     committees on the interim findings of the study conducted 
     pursuant to subsection (a). The Defense Innovation Board 
     shall provide regular updates to the Secretary of Defense and 
     the congressional defense committees for purposes of 
     providing the interim report.
       (2) Final report.--Not later than one year after the 
     Secretary of Defense directs the Defense Advisory Board to 
     conduct the study, the Board shall transmit a final report of 
     the study to the Secretary. Not later than 30 days after 
     receiving the final report, the Secretary of Defense shall 
     transmit the final report, together with such comments as the 
     Secretary determines appropriate, to the congressional 
     defense committees.

     SEC. 873. PILOT PROGRAM TO USE AGILE OR ITERATIVE DEVELOPMENT 
                   METHODS TO TAILOR MAJOR SOFTWARE-INTENSIVE 
                   WARFIGHTING SYSTEMS AND DEFENSE BUSINESS 
                   SYSTEMS.

       (a) Pilot Program.--
       (1) In general.--Not later than 30 days after the date of 
     the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense, in 
     consultation with the Secretaries of the military departments 
     and the chiefs of the armed forces, shall establish a pilot 
     program to tailor and simplify software development 
     requirements and methods for major software-intensive 
     warfighting systems and defense business systems.
       (2) Implementation plan for pilot program.--Not later than 
     120 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, the 
     Secretary of Defense, in consultation with the Secretaries of 
     the military departments and the chiefs of the armed forces, 
     shall develop a plan for implementing the pilot program 
     required under this subsection, including guidance for 
     implementing the program and for selecting systems for 
     participation in the program.
       (3) Selection of systems for pilot program.--
       (A) The implementation plan shall require that systems be 
     selected as follows:
       (i) For major software-intensive warfighting systems, one 
     system per armed force and one defense-wide system, including 
     at least one major defense acquisition program or major 
     automated information system.
       (ii) For defense business systems, not fewer than two 
     systems and not greater than eight systems.
       (B) In selecting systems for participation, the Secretary 
     shall prioritize systems as follows:
       (i) For major software-intensive warfighting systems, 
     systems that--

       (I) have identified software development as a high risk;
       (II) have experienced cost growth and schedule delay; and
       (III) did not deliver any operational capability within the 
     prior calendar year.

       (ii) For defense business systems, systems that--

       (I) have experienced cost growth and schedule delay;
       (II) did not deliver any operational capability within the 
     prior calendar year; and
       (III) are underperforming other systems within a defense 
     business system portfolio with similar user requirements.

       (b) Realignment Plans.--
       (1) In general.--Not later than 60 days after selecting a 
     system for the pilot program under subsection (a)(3), the 
     Secretary shall develop a plan for realigning the system by 
     breaking down the system into smaller increments using agile 
     or iterative development methods. The realignment plan shall 
     include a revised cost estimate that is lower than the cost 
     estimate for the system that was current as of the date of 
     the enactment of this Act.
       (2) Realignment execution.--Each increment for a realigned 
     system shall--

[[Page H8764]]

       (A) be designed to deliver a meaningfully useful capability 
     within the first 180 days following realignment;
       (B) be designed to deliver subsequent meaningfully useful 
     capabilities in time periods of less than 180 days;
       (C) incorporate multidisciplinary teams focused on software 
     production that prioritize user needs and control of total 
     cost of ownership;
       (D) be staffed with highly qualified technically trained 
     staff and personnel with management and business process 
     expertise in leadership positions to support requirements 
     modification, acquisition strategy, and program 
     decisionmaking;
       (E) ensure that the acquisition strategy for the realigned 
     system is broad enough to allow for proposals of a service, 
     system, modified business practice, configuration of 
     personnel, or combination thereof for implementing the 
     strategy;
       (F) include periodic engagement with the user community, as 
     well as representation by the user community in program 
     management and software production activity;
       (G) ensure that the acquisition strategy for the realigned 
     system favors outcomes-based requirements definition and 
     capability as a service, including the establishment of 
     technical evaluation criteria as outcomes to be used to 
     negotiate service-level agreements with vendors; and
       (H) consider options for termination of the relationship 
     with any vendor unable or unwilling to offer terms that meet 
     the requirements of this section.
       (c) Removal of Systems.--The Secretary may remove a system 
     selected for the pilot program under subsection (a)(3) only 
     after the Secretary submits to the Committees on Armed 
     Services of the Senate and House of Representatives a written 
     determination that indicates that the selected system has 
     been unsuccessful in reducing cost or schedule growth, or is 
     not meeting the overall needs of the pilot program.
       (d) Education and Training in Agile or Iterative 
     Development Methods.--
       (1) Training requirement.--The Secretary shall ensure that 
     any personnel from the relevant organizations in each of the 
     military departments and Defense Agencies participating in 
     the pilot program, including organizations responsible for 
     engineering, budgeting, contracting, test and evaluation, 
     requirements validation, and certification and accreditation, 
     receive targeted training in agile or iterative development 
     methods, including the interim course required by section 891 
     of this Act.
       (2) Support.--In carrying out the pilot program under 
     subsection (a), the Secretary shall ensure that personnel 
     participating in the program provide feedback to inform the 
     development of education and training curricula as required 
     by section 891.
       (e) Sunset.--The pilot program required under subsection 
     (a) shall terminate on September 30, 2023. Any system 
     selected under subsection (a)(3) for the pilot program shall 
     continue after that date through the execution of its 
     realignment plan.
       (f) Agile or Iterative Development Defined.--In this 
     section, the term ``agile or iterative development'', with 
     respect to software--
       (1) means acquisition pursuant to a method for delivering 
     multiple, rapid, incremental capabilities to the user for 
     operational use, evaluation, and feedback not exclusively 
     linked to any single, proprietary method or process; and
       (2) involves--
       (A) the incremental development and fielding of 
     capabilities, commonly called ``spirals'', ``spins'', or 
     ``sprints'', which can be measured in a few weeks or months; 
     and
       (B) continuous participation and collaboration by users, 
     testers, and requirements authorities.

     SEC. 874. SOFTWARE DEVELOPMENT PILOT PROGRAM USING AGILE BEST 
                   PRACTICES.

       (a) In General.--Not later than 30 days after the date of 
     the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall 
     identify no fewer than four and up to eight software 
     development activities within the Department of Defense or 
     military departments to be developed in a pilot program using 
     agile acquisition methods.
       (b) Streamlined Processes.--Software development activities 
     identified under subsection (a) shall be selected for the 
     pilot program and developed without incorporation of the 
     following contract or transaction requirements:
       (1) Earned value management (EVM) or EVM-like reporting.
       (2) Development of integrated master schedule.
       (3) Development of integrated master plan.
       (4) Development of technical requirement document.
       (5) Development of systems requirement documents.
       (6) Use of information technology infrastructure library 
     agreements.
       (7) Use of software development life cycle (methodology).
       (c) Roles and Responsibilities.--
       (1) In general.--Selected activities shall include the 
     following roles and responsibilities:
       (A) A program manager that is authorized to make all 
     programmatic decisions within the overarching activity 
     objectives, including resources, funding, personnel, and 
     contract or transaction termination recommendations.
       (B) A product owner that reports directly to the program 
     manager and is responsible for the overall design of the 
     product, prioritization of roadmap elements and 
     interpretation of their acceptance criteria, and 
     prioritization of the list of all features desired in the 
     product.
       (C) An engineering lead that reports directly to the 
     program manager and is responsible for the implementation and 
     operation of the software.
       (D) A design lead that reports directly to the program 
     manager and is responsible for identifying, communicating, 
     and visualizing user needs through a human-centered design 
     process.
       (2) Qualifications.--The Secretary shall establish 
     qualifications for personnel filling the positions described 
     in paragraph (1) prior to their selection. The qualifications 
     may not include a positive education requirement and must be 
     based on technical expertise or experience in delivery of 
     software products, including agile concepts.
       (3) Coordination plan for testing and certification 
     organizations.--The program manager shall ensure the 
     availability of resources for test and certification 
     organizations support of iterative development processes.
       (d) Plan.--The Secretary of Defense shall develop a plan 
     for each selected activity under the pilot program. The plan 
     shall include the following elements:
       (1) Definition of a product vision, identifying a succinct, 
     clearly defined need the software will address.
       (2) Definition of a product road map, outlining a 
     noncontractual plan that identifies short-term and long-term 
     product goals and specific technology solutions to help meet 
     those goals and adjusts to mission and user needs at the 
     product owner's discretion.
       (3) The use of a broad agency announcement, other 
     transaction authority, or other rapid merit-based 
     solicitation procedure.
       (4) Identification of, and continuous engagement with, end 
     users.
       (5) Frequent and iterative end user validation of features 
     and usability consistent with the principles outlined in the 
     Digital Services Playbook of the U.S. Digital Service.
       (6) Use of commercial best practices for advanced computing 
     systems, including, where applicable--
       (A) Automated testing, integration, and deployment;
       (B) compliance with applicable commercial accessibility 
     standards;
       (C) capability to support modern versions of multiple, 
     common web browsers;
       (D) capability to be viewable across commonly used end user 
     devices, including mobile devices; and
       (E) built-in application monitoring.
       (e) Program Schedule.--The Secretary shall ensure that each 
     selected activity includes--
       (1) award processes that take no longer than three months 
     after a requirement is identified;
       (2) planned frequent and iterative end user validation of 
     implemented features and their usability;
       (3) delivery of a functional prototype or minimally viable 
     product in three months or less from award; and
       (4) follow-on delivery of iterative development cycles no 
     longer than four weeks apart, including security testing and 
     configuration management as applicable.
       (f) Oversight Metrics.--The Secretary shall ensure that the 
     selected activities--
       (1) use a modern tracking tool to execute requirements 
     backlog tracking; and
       (2) use agile development metrics that, at a minimum, 
     track--
       (A) pace of work accomplishment;
       (B) completeness of scope of testing activities (such as 
     code coverage, fault tolerance, and boundary testing);
       (C) product quality attributes (such as major and minor 
     defects and measures of key performance attributes and 
     quality attributes);
       (D) delivery progress relative to the current product 
     roadmap; and
       (E) goals for each iteration.
       (g) Restrictions.--
       (1) Use of funds.--No funds made available for the selected 
     activities may be expended on estimation or evaluation using 
     source lines of code methodologies.
       (2) Contract types.--The Secretary of Defense may not use 
     lowest price technically acceptable contracting methods or 
     cost plus contracts to carry out selected activities under 
     this section, and shall encourage the use of existing 
     streamlined and flexible contracting arrangements.
       (h) Reports.--
       (1) Software development activity commencement.--
       (A) In general.--Not later than 30 days before the 
     commencement of a software development activity under the 
     pilot program under subsection (a), the Secretary shall 
     submit to the congressional defense committees a report on 
     the activity (in this subsection referred to as a ``pilot 
     activity'').
       (B) Elements.--The report on a pilot activity under this 
     paragraph shall set forth a description of the pilot 
     activity, including the following information:
       (i) The purpose of the pilot activity.
       (ii) The duration of the pilot activity.
       (iii) The efficiencies and benefits anticipated to accrue 
     to the Government under the pilot program.
       (2) Software development activity completion.--
       (A) In general.--Not later than 60 days after the 
     completion of a pilot activity, the Secretary shall submit to 
     the congressional defense committees a report on the pilot 
     activity.
       (B) Elements.--The report on a pilot activity under this 
     paragraph shall include the following elements:
       (i) A description of results of the pilot activity.
       (ii) Such recommendations for legislative or administrative 
     action as the Secretary considers appropriate in light of the 
     pilot activity.
       (i) Definitions.--In this section:
       (1) Agile acquisition.--The term ``agile acquisition'' 
     means acquisition using agile or iterative development.

[[Page H8765]]

       (2) Agile or iterative development.--The term ``agile or 
     iterative development'', with respect to software--
       (A) means acquisition pursuant to a method for delivering 
     multiple, rapid, incremental capabilities to the user for 
     operational use, evaluation, and feedback not exclusively 
     linked to any single, proprietary method or process; and
       (B) involves--
       (i) the incremental development and fielding of 
     capabilities, commonly called ``spirals'', ``spins'', or 
     ``sprints'', which can be measured in a few weeks or months; 
     and
       (ii) continuous participation and collaboration by users, 
     testers, and requirements authorities.

     SEC. 875. PILOT PROGRAM FOR OPEN SOURCE SOFTWARE.

       (a) In General.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
     the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall 
     initiate for the Department of Defense the open source 
     software pilot program established by the Office of 
     Management and Budget Memorandum M-16-21 titled ``Federal 
     Source Code Policy: Achieving Efficiency, Transparency, and 
     Innovation through Reusable and Open Source Software'' and 
     dated August 8, 2016.
       (b) Report to Congress.--Not later than 60 days after the 
     date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense 
     shall provide a report to Congress with details of the plan 
     of the Department of Defense to implement the pilot program 
     required by subsection (a). Such plan shall include 
     identifying candidate software programs, selection criteria, 
     intellectual property and licensing issues, and other matters 
     determined by the Secretary.
       (c) Comptroller General Report.--Not later than June 1, 
     2019, the Comptroller General of the United States shall 
     provide a report to Congress on the implementation of the 
     pilot program required by subsection (a) by the Secretary of 
     Defense. The report shall address, at a minimum, the 
     compliance of the Secretary with the requirements of the 
     Office of Management and Budget Memorandum M-16-21, the views 
     of various software and information technology stakeholders 
     in the Department of Defense, and any other matters 
     determined by the Comptroller General.

                       Subtitle I--Other Matters

     SEC. 881. EXTENSION OF MAXIMUM DURATION OF FUEL STORAGE 
                   CONTRACTS.

       (a) Extension.--Section 2922(b) of title 10, United States 
     Code, is amended by striking ``20 years'' and inserting ``30 
     years''.
       (b) Effective Date.--The amendment made by subsection (a) 
     shall apply with respect to contracts entered into on or 
     after the date of the enactment of this Act, and may be 
     applied to a contract entered into before that date if the 
     total contract period under the contract (including options) 
     has not expired as of the date of any extension of such 
     contract period by reason of such amendment.

     SEC. 882. PROCUREMENT OF AVIATION CRITICAL SAFETY ITEMS.

       Section 814(a) of the National Defense Authorization Act 
     for Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328; 130 Stat. 2271; 10 
     U.S.C. 2302 note) is amended--
       (1) in paragraph (1)--
       (A) by inserting ``or an aviation critical safety item (as 
     defined in section 2319(g) of this title)'' after ``personal 
     protective equipment''; and
       (B) by inserting ``equipment or'' after ``failure of the''; 
     and
       (2) in paragraph (2), by inserting ``or item'' after 
     ``equipment''.

     SEC. 883. MODIFICATIONS TO THE ADVISORY PANEL ON STREAMLINING 
                   AND CODIFYING ACQUISITION REGULATIONS.

       (a) Extension of Date for Final Report.--
       (1) Transmittal of panel final report.--Subsection (e)(1) 
     of section 809 of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
     Fiscal Year 2016 (Public Law 114-92; 129 Stat. 889), as 
     amended by section 863(d) of the National Defense 
     Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328; 
     130 Stat. 2303), is amended--
       (A) by striking ``Not later than two years after the date 
     on which the Secretary of Defense establishes the advisory 
     panel'' and inserting ``Not later than January 15, 2019''; 
     and
       (B) by striking ``the Secretary.'' and inserting ``the 
     Secretary of Defense and the congressional defense 
     committees.''.
       (2) Secretary of defense action on final report.--
     Subsection (e)(4) of such section is amended--
       (A) by striking ``Not later than 30 days'' and inserting 
     ``Not later than 60 days''; and
       (B) by striking ``the final report, together with such 
     comments as the Secretary determines appropriate,'' and 
     inserting ``such comments as the Secretary determines 
     appropriate''.
       (b) Termination of Panel.--Such section is further amended 
     by adding at the end the following new subsection:
       ``(g) Termination of Panel.--The advisory panel shall 
     terminate 180 days after the date on which the final report 
     of the panel is transmitted pursuant to subsection (e)(1).''.
       (c) Technical Amendment.--Subsection (d) of such section is 
     amended by striking ``resources,,'' and inserting 
     ``resources,''.

     SEC. 884. REPEAL OF EXPIRED PILOT PROGRAM FOR LEASING 
                   COMMERCIAL UTILITY CARGO VEHICLES.

       Section 807(c) of the National Defense Authorization Act 
     for Fiscal Year 1996 (Public Law 104-106; 10 U.S.C. 2401a 
     note) is repealed.

     SEC. 885. EXCEPTION FOR BUSINESS OPERATIONS FROM REQUIREMENT 
                   TO ACCEPT $1 COINS.

       (a) In General.--Paragraph (1) of section 5112(p) of title 
     31, United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the 
     following new flush sentence:
     ``This paragraph does not apply with respect to business 
     operations conducted by any entity under a contract with an 
     agency or instrumentality of the United States, including 
     with any nonappropriated fund instrumentality established 
     under title 10, United States Code.''.
       (b) Conforming Amendment.--Such paragraph is further 
     amended--
       (1) by striking ``and all entities that operate any 
     business, including vending machines, on any premises owned 
     by the United States or under the control of any agency or 
     instrumentality of the United States, including the 
     legislative and judicial branches of the Federal 
     Government,''; and
       (2) by inserting ``and'' before ``all transit systems''.
       (c) Technical Amendment.--Subparagraph (B) of such 
     paragraph is amended by striking ``displays'' and inserting 
     ``display''.

     SEC. 886. DEVELOPMENT OF PROCUREMENT ADMINISTRATIVE LEAD 
                   TIME.

       (a) In General.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
     the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall 
     develop, make available for public comment, and finalize--
       (1) a definition of the term ``Procurement Administrative 
     Lead Time'' or ``PALT'', to be applied Department of Defense-
     wide, that describes the amount of time from the date on 
     which a solicitation is issued to the date of an initial 
     award of a contract or task order of the Department of 
     Defense; and
       (2) a plan for measuring and publicly reporting data on 
     PALT for Department of Defense contracts and task orders 
     above the simplified acquisition threshold.
       (b) Requirement for Definition.--Unless the Secretary 
     determines otherwise, the amount of time in the definition of 
     PALT developed under subsection (a) shall--
       (1) begin on the date on which the initial solicitation is 
     issued for a contract or task order of the Department of 
     Defense by the Secretary of a military department or head of 
     a Defense Agency; and
       (2) end on the date of the award of the contract or task 
     order.
       (c) Coordination.--In developing the definition of PALT, 
     the Secretary shall coordinate with--
       (1) the senior contracting official of each military 
     department and Defense Agency to determine the variations of 
     the definition in use across the Department of Defense and 
     each military department and Defense Agency; and
       (2) the Administrator of the General Services 
     Administration on modifying the existing data system of the 
     Federal Government to determine the date on which the initial 
     solicitation is issued.
       (d) Use of Existing Procurement Data Systems.--In 
     developing the plan for measuring and publicly reporting data 
     on PALT required by subsection (a), the Secretary shall, to 
     the maximum extent practicable, rely on the information 
     contained in the Federal procurement data system established 
     pursuant to section 1122(a)(4) of title 41, United States 
     Code, including any modifications to that system.

     SEC. 887. NOTIONAL MILESTONES AND STANDARD TIMELINES FOR 
                   CONTRACTS FOR FOREIGN MILITARY SALES.

       (a) Establishment.--
       (1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense shall establish 
     specific notional milestones and standard timelines for the 
     Department of Defense to achieve such milestones in its 
     processing of a foreign military sale (as authorized under 
     chapter 2 of the Arms Export Control Act (22 U.S.C. 2761 et 
     seq.)). Such milestones and timelines--
       (A) may vary depending on the complexity of the foreign 
     military sale; and
       (B) shall cover the period beginning on the date of receipt 
     of a complete letter of request (as described in chapter 5 of 
     the Security Assistance Management Manual of the Defense 
     Security Cooperation Agency) from a foreign country and 
     ending on the date of the final delivery of a defense article 
     or defense service sold through the foreign military sale.
       (2) Report.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
     enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall submit to the 
     appropriate committees of Congress a report describing the 
     milestones and timelines developed pursuant to paragraph (1) 
     of this section.
       (b) Submissions to Congress.--
       (1) Quarterly notification.--During the period beginning 
     180 days after the date of the enactment of this Act and 
     ending on December 31, 2021, the Secretary shall submit to 
     the appropriate committees of Congress, on a quarterly basis, 
     a report that includes a list of each foreign military sale 
     with a value greater than or equal to the dollar threshold 
     for congressional notification under section 36 of the Arms 
     Export Control Act (22 U.S.C. 2776)--
       (A) for which the final delivery of a defense article or 
     defense service has not been completed; and
       (B) that has not met a standard timeline to achieve a 
     notional milestone as established under subsection (a).
       (2) Annual report.--Not later than November 1, 2019, and 
     annually thereafter until December 31, 2021, the Secretary 
     shall submit to the appropriate committees of Congress a 
     report that summarizes--
       (A) the number, set forth separately by dollar value and 
     notional milestone, of foreign military sales that met the 
     standard timeline to achieve a notional milestone established 
     under subsection (a) during the preceding fiscal year; and
       (B) the number, set forth separately by dollar value and 
     notional milestone, of each foreign military sale that did 
     not meet the standard timeline to achieve a notional 
     milestone established under subsection (a), and a description 
     of any extenuating factors explaining why such a sale did not 
     achieve such milestone.

[[Page H8766]]

       (c) Definitions.--In this section--
       (1) the terms ``defense article'' and ``defense service'' 
     have the meanings given those terms, respectively, in section 
     47 of the Arms Export Control Act (22 U.S.C. 2794); and
       (2) the term ``appropriate committees of Congress'' means--
       (A) the Committee on Armed Services and the Committee on 
     Foreign Relations of the Senate; and
       (B) the Committee on Armed Services and the Committee on 
     Foreign Affairs of the House of Representatives.

     SEC. 888. ASSESSMENT AND AUTHORITY TO TERMINATE OR PROHIBIT 
                   CONTRACTS FOR PROCUREMENT FROM CHINESE 
                   COMPANIES PROVIDING SUPPORT TO THE DEMOCRATIC 
                   PEOPLE'S REPUBLIC OF KOREA.

       (a) Assessment Required.--
       (1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense, in consultation 
     with the Secretary of State, the Secretary of the Treasury, 
     and the Director of National Intelligence, shall conduct an 
     assessment of trade between the People's Republic of China 
     and the Democratic People's Republic of Korea, including 
     elements deemed to be important to United States national 
     security and defense.
       (2) Elements.--The assessment required by paragraph (1) 
     shall--
       (A) assess the composition of all trade between China and 
     the Democratic People's Republic of Korea, including trade in 
     goods and services;
       (B) identify whether any Chinese commercial entities that 
     are engaged in such trade materially support illicit 
     activities on the part of North Korea;
       (C) evaluate the extent to which the United States 
     Government procures goods or services from any commercial 
     entity identified under subparagraph (B);
       (D) provide a list of commercial entities identified under 
     subparagraph (B) that provide defense goods or services for 
     the Department of Defense; and
       (E) evaluate the ramifications to United States national 
     security, including any impacts to the defense industrial 
     base, Department of Defense acquisition programs, and 
     Department of Defense logistics or supply chains, of 
     prohibiting procurements from commercial entities listed 
     under subparagraph (D).
       (3) Report.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
     enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit 
     to Congress a report on the assessment required by paragraph 
     (1). The report shall be submitted in unclassified form, but 
     may contain a classified annex.
       (b) Authority.--The Secretary of Defense may terminate 
     existing contracts or prohibit the award of contracts for the 
     procurement of goods or services for the Department of 
     Defense from a Chinese commercial entity included on the list 
     described under subsection (a)(2)(D) based on a determination 
     informed by the assessment required under subsection (a)(1).
       (c) Notification.--The Secretary of Defense shall submit to 
     the appropriate committees of Congress a notification of, and 
     detailed justification for, any exercise of the authority in 
     subsection (b) not less than 30 days before the date on which 
     the authority is exercised.
       (d) Appropriate Committees of Congress Defined.--In this 
     section, the term ``appropriate committees of Congress'' 
     means--
       (1) the Committee on Armed Services and the Committee on 
     Foreign Relations of the Senate; and
       (2) the Committee on Armed Services and the Committee on 
     Foreign Affairs of the House of Representatives.

     SEC. 889. REPORT ON DEFENSE CONTRACTING FRAUD.

       (a) In General.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
     the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall 
     submit to the congressional defense committees a report on 
     defense contracting fraud.
       (b) Elements.--The report required under subsection (a) 
     shall include the following elements:
       (1) A summary of fraud-related criminal convictions and 
     civil judgments or settlements over the previous five fiscal 
     years.
       (2) A listing of contractors that within the previous five 
     fiscal years performed contracts for the Department of 
     Defense and were debarred or suspended from Federal 
     contracting based on a criminal conviction for fraud.
       (3) An assessment of the total value of Department of 
     Defense contracts entered into during the previous five 
     fiscal years with contractors that have been indicted for, 
     settled charges of, been fined by any Federal department or 
     agency for, or been convicted of fraud in connection with any 
     contract or other transaction entered into with the Federal 
     Government.
       (4) Recommendations by the Inspector General of the 
     Department of Defense or other appropriate Department of 
     Defense official regarding how to penalize contractors 
     repeatedly involved in fraud in connection with contracts or 
     other transactions entered into with the Federal Government, 
     including an update on implementation by the Department of 
     any previous such recommendations.

     SEC. 890. COMPTROLLER GENERAL REPORT ON CONTRACTOR BUSINESS 
                   SYSTEM REQUIREMENTS.

       (a) Evaluation.--Not later than 1 year after the date of 
     enactment of this Act, the Comptroller General of the United 
     States shall submit to the congressional defense committees a 
     report evaluating the implementation and effectiveness of the 
     program for the improvement of contractor business systems 
     established pursuant to section 893 of the Ike Skelton 
     National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2011 
     (Public Law 111-383; 10 U.S.C. 2302 note). The report shall--
       (1) describe how the requirements of such program were 
     implemented, including the roles and responsibilities of 
     relevant Defense Agencies and known costs to the Federal 
     Government and covered contractors;
       (2) analyze the extent to which implementation of such 
     program has affected, if at all, covered contractor 
     performance or the management and oversight of covered 
     contracts of the Department of Defense;
       (3) assess how the amendments to contractor business system 
     requirements made by section 893 of the National Defense 
     Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328; 
     130 Stat. 2324) were implemented, including--
       (A) the effects of revising the definition of ``covered 
     contractor'' in section 893(g)(2) of the Ike Skelton National 
     Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2011 (Public Law 
     111-383; 10 U.S.C. 2302 note) and the feasibility and the 
     potential effects of further increasing the percentage of the 
     total gross revenue included in the definition; and
       (B) the extent to which third-party independent auditors 
     have conducted contractor business system assessments 
     pursuant to section 893(c) of the Ike Skelton National 
     Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2011 (Public Law 
     111-383; 10 U.S.C. 2302 note);
       (4) identify any additional information or management 
     practices that could enhance the process for assessing 
     contractor business systems, particularly when covered 
     contractors have multiple covered contracts with the 
     Department of Defense; and
       (5) include any other matters the Comptroller General 
     determines to be relevant.
       (b) Contractor Business System Definitions.--In this 
     section, the terms ``covered contractor'', ``covered 
     contract'', and ``contractor business system'' have the 
     meanings given in section 893 of the Ike Skelton National 
     Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2011 (Public Law 
     111-383; 10 U.S.C. 2302 note).

     SEC. 891. TRAINING ON AGILE OR ITERATIVE DEVELOPMENT METHODS.

       (a) In General.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
     the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense, in 
     consultation with the President of the Defense Acquisition 
     University, shall establish a training course at the Defense 
     Acquisition University on agile or iterative development 
     methods to provide training for personnel implementing and 
     supporting the pilot programs required by sections 873 and 
     874 of this Act.
       (b) Course Elements.--
       (1) In general.--The course shall be taught in residence at 
     the Defense Acquisition University and shall include the 
     following elements:
       (A) Training designed to instill a common understanding of 
     all functional roles and dependencies involved in developing 
     and producing a capability using agile or iterative 
     development methods.
       (B) An exercise involving teams composed of personnel from 
     pertinent functions and functional organizations engaged in 
     developing an integrated agile or iterative development 
     method for a specific program.
       (C) Instructors and content from non-governmental entities, 
     as appropriate, to highlight commercial best practices in 
     using an agile or iterative development method.
       (2) Course updates.--The Secretary shall ensure that the 
     course is updated as needed, including through incorporating 
     lessons learned from the implementation of the pilot programs 
     required by sections 873 and 874 of this Act in subsequent 
     versions of the course.
       (c) Course Attendance.--The course shall be--
       (1) available for certified acquisition personnel working 
     on programs or projects using agile or iterative development 
     methods; and
       (2) mandatory for personnel participating in the pilot 
     programs required by sections 873 and 874 of this Act from 
     the relevant organizations in each of the military 
     departments and Defense Agencies, including organizations 
     responsible for engineering, budgeting, contracting, test and 
     evaluation, requirements validation, and certification and 
     accreditation.
       (d) Agile Acquisition Support.--The Secretary and the 
     senior acquisition executives in each of the military 
     departments and Defense Agencies, in coordination with the 
     Director of the Defense Digital Service, shall assign to 
     offices supporting systems selected for participation in the 
     pilot programs required by sections 873 and 874 of this Act a 
     subject matter expert with knowledge of commercial agile 
     acquisition methods and Department of Defense acquisition 
     processes to provide assistance and to advise appropriate 
     acquisition authorities of the expert's observations.
       (e) Agile Research Program.--The President of the Defense 
     Acquisition University shall establish a research program to 
     conduct research on and development of agile acquisition 
     practices and tools best tailored to meet the mission needs 
     of the Department of Defense.
       (f) Agile or Iterative Development Defined.--The term 
     ``agile or iterative development'', with respect to 
     software--
       (1) means acquisition pursuant to a method for delivering 
     multiple, rapid, incremental capabilities to the user for 
     operational use, evaluation, and feedback not exclusively 
     linked to any single, proprietary method or process; and
       (2) involves--
       (A) the incremental development and fielding of 
     capabilities, commonly called ``spirals'', ``spins'', or 
     ``sprints'', which can be measured in a few weeks or months; 
     and
       (B) continuous participation and collaboration by users, 
     testers, and requirements authorities.

[[Page H8767]]

  


      TITLE IX--DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE ORGANIZATION AND MANAGEMENT

   Subtitle A--Office of the Secretary of Defense and Related Matters

Sec. 901. Treatment of incumbent Under Secretary of Defense for 
              Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics.
Sec. 902. Clarification of authority of Under Secretary of Defense for 
              Acquisition and Sustainment with respect to service 
              acquisition programs for which the service acquisition 
              executive is the milestone decision authority.
Sec. 903. Executive Schedule matters relating to Under Secretary of 
              Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment.
Sec. 904. Consistent period of relief from active duty as a 
              commissioned officer of a regular component of the Armed 
              Forces for appointment to Under Secretary of Defense 
              positions.
Sec. 905. Qualifications for appointment and additional duties and 
              powers of certain officials within the Office of the 
              Under Secretary of Defense (Comptroller).
Sec. 906. Redesignation of Principal Deputy Under Secretaries of 
              Defense as Deputy Under Secretaries of Defense and 
              related matters.
Sec. 907. Reduction of number and elimination of specific designations 
              of Assistant Secretaries of Defense.
Sec. 908. Limitation on maximum number of Deputy Assistant Secretaries 
              of Defense.
Sec. 909. Appointment and responsibilities of Chief Information Officer 
              of the Department of Defense.
Sec. 910. Chief Management Officer of the Department of Defense.

               Subtitle B--Data Management and Analytics

Sec. 911. Policy on treatment of defense business system data related 
              to business operations and management.
Sec. 912. Transparency of defense management data.
Sec. 913. Establishment of set of activities that use data analysis, 
              measurement, and other evaluation-related methods to 
              improve acquisition program outcomes.

  Subtitle C--Organization of Other Department of Defense Offices and 
                                Elements

Sec. 921. Qualifications for appointment of Assistant Secretaries of 
              the military departments for financial management.
Sec. 922. Manner of carrying out reductions in major Department of 
              Defense headquarters activities pursuant to headquarters 
              reduction plan.
Sec. 923. Certifications on cost savings achieved by reductions in 
              major Department of Defense headquarters activities.
Sec. 924. Corrosion control and prevention executives matters.
Sec. 925. Background and security investigations for Department of 
              Defense personnel.

            Subtitle D--Miscellaneous Reporting Requirements

Sec. 931. Additional elements in reports on policy, organization, and 
              management goals of the Secretary of Defense for the 
              Department of Defense.
Sec. 932. Report and sense of Congress on responsibility for 
              developmental test and evaluation within the Office of 
              the Secretary of Defense.
Sec. 933. Report on Office of Corrosion Policy and Oversight.

                       Subtitle D--Other Matters

Sec. 941. Commission on the National Defense Strategy for the United 
              States.

   Subtitle A--Office of the Secretary of Defense and Related Matters

     SEC. 901. TREATMENT OF INCUMBENT UNDER SECRETARY OF DEFENSE 
                   FOR ACQUISITION, TECHNOLOGY, AND LOGISTICS.

       Section 901(a) of the National Defense Authorization Act 
     for Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328; 130 Stat. 2339; 10 
     U.S.C. 133a note) is amended by striking paragraph (2).

     SEC. 902. CLARIFICATION OF AUTHORITY OF UNDER SECRETARY OF 
                   DEFENSE FOR ACQUISITION AND SUSTAINMENT WITH 
                   RESPECT TO SERVICE ACQUISITION PROGRAMS FOR 
                   WHICH THE SERVICE ACQUISITION EXECUTIVE IS THE 
                   MILESTONE DECISION AUTHORITY.

       Effective on February 1, 2018, and immediately after the 
     coming into effect of the amendment made by section 901(b) of 
     the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017 
     (Public Law 114-328; 130 Stat. 2340), subsection (b)(6) of 
     section 133b of title 10, United States Code, as added by 
     such section 901(b), is amended by striking ``supervisory 
     authority'' and inserting ``advisory authority''.

     SEC. 903. EXECUTIVE SCHEDULE MATTERS RELATING TO UNDER 
                   SECRETARY OF DEFENSE FOR ACQUISITION AND 
                   SUSTAINMENT.

       (a) Repeal of Pending Executive Schedule Amendment.--
     Section 901(h) of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
     Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328; 130 Stat. 2342; 5 
     U.S.C. 5313 note) is amended--
       (1) by striking ``new items'' and inserting ``new item''; 
     and
       (2) by striking the item relating to the Under Secretary of 
     Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment.
       (b) Executive Schedule Level III.--Effective on February 1, 
     2018, section 5314 of title 5, United States Code, is amended 
     by inserting before the item relating to the Under Secretary 
     of Defense for Policy the following new item:
       ``Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and 
     Sustainment.''.

     SEC. 904. CONSISTENT PERIOD OF RELIEF FROM ACTIVE DUTY AS A 
                   COMMISSIONED OFFICER OF A REGULAR COMPONENT OF 
                   THE ARMED FORCES FOR APPOINTMENT TO UNDER 
                   SECRETARY OF DEFENSE POSITIONS.

       Chapter 4 of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
       (1) in section 135(a), by adding at the end the following 
     new sentence: ``A person may not be appointed as Under 
     Secretary within seven years after relief from active duty as 
     a commissioned officer of a regular component of the armed 
     forces.'';
       (2) in section 136(a), by adding at the end the following 
     new sentence: ``A person may not be appointed as Under 
     Secretary within seven years after relief from active duty as 
     a commissioned officer of a regular component of the armed 
     forces.''; and
       (3) in section 137(a), by adding at the end the following 
     new sentence: ``A person may not be appointed as Under 
     Secretary within seven years after relief from active duty as 
     a commissioned officer of a regular component of the armed 
     forces.''.

     SEC. 905. QUALIFICATIONS FOR APPOINTMENT AND ADDITIONAL 
                   DUTIES AND POWERS OF CERTAIN OFFICIALS WITHIN 
                   THE OFFICE OF THE UNDER SECRETARY OF DEFENSE 
                   (COMPTROLLER).

       (a) Under Secretary of Defense (Comptroller).--
       (1) Qualification for appointment.--Section 135(a) of title 
     10, United States Code, as amended by section 904, is further 
     amended--
       (A) by inserting ``(1)'' after ``(a)''; and
       (B) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
       ``(2) The Under Secretary of Defense (Comptroller) shall be 
     appointed from among persons who have significant budget, 
     financial management, or audit experience in complex 
     organizations.''.
       (2) Duties and powers.--Section 135 of title 10, United 
     States Code, is further amended--
       (A) by redesignating subsections (d) and (e) as subsections 
     (e) and (f), respectively; and
       (B) by inserting after subsection (c) the following new 
     subsection (d):
       ``(d) In addition to any duties under subsection (c), the 
     Under Secretary of Defense (Comptroller) shall, subject to 
     the authority, direction, and control of the Secretary of 
     Defense, do the following:
       ``(1) Provide guidance and instruction on annual 
     performance plans and evaluations to the following:
       ``(A) The Assistant Secretaries of the military departments 
     for financial management.
       ``(B) Any other official of an agency, organization, or 
     element of the Department of Defense with responsibility for 
     financial management.
       ``(2) Give directions to the military departments, Defense 
     Agencies, and other organizations and elements of the 
     Department of Defense regarding their financial statements 
     and the audit and audit readiness of such financial 
     statements.''.
       (b) Qualification for Appointment as Deputy Chief Financial 
     Officer.--The Deputy Chief Financial Officer of the 
     Department of Defense shall be appointed from among persons 
     who have significant budget, financial management, or audit 
     experience in complex organizations.
       (c) Applicability.--The appointment qualifications imposed 
     by the amendments made by subsection (a)(1) and the 
     appointment qualifications imposed by subsection (b) shall 
     apply with respect to appointments as Under Secretary of 
     Defense (Comptroller) and Deputy Chief Financial Officer of 
     the Department of Defense that are made on or after the date 
     of the enactment of this Act.

     SEC. 906. REDESIGNATION OF PRINCIPAL DEPUTY UNDER SECRETARIES 
                   OF DEFENSE AS DEPUTY UNDER SECRETARIES OF 
                   DEFENSE AND RELATED MATTERS.

       (a) Redesignation.--Section 137a of title 10, United States 
     Code, is amended by striking ``Principal'' each place it 
     appears.
       (b) Increase in Authorized Number.--Section 137a(a)(1) of 
     title 10, United States Code, is amended by striking ``five'' 
     and inserting ``six''.
       (c) Replacement of ATL Position With Two Positions in 
     Connection With OSD Reform.--Effective on February 1, 2018, 
     section 137a(c) of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
       (1) by redesignating paragraphs (2) through (5) as 
     paragraphs (3) through (6), respectively; and
       (2) by striking paragraph (1) and inserting the following 
     new paragraphs:
       ``(1) One of the Deputy Under Secretaries is the Deputy 
     Under Secretary of Defense for Research and Engineering.
       ``(2) One of the Deputy Under Secretaries is the Deputy 
     Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and 
     Sustainment.''.
       (d) Conforming Amendments.--
       (1) OSD.--Paragraph (6) of section 131(b) of title 10, 
     United States Code, is amended to read as follows:
       ``(6) The Deputy Under Secretaries of Defense.''.
       (2) Precedence.--Section 138(d) of title 10, United States 
     Code, is amended by striking ``Principal''.
       (e) Executive Schedule Level IV.--Section 5315 of title 5, 
     United States Code, is amended--
       (1) by striking ``Principal'' in the items relating to the 
     Principal Deputy Under Secretary of Defense for Policy, the 
     Principal Deputy Under Secretary of Defense for Personnel and 
     Readiness, the Principal Deputy Under Secretary of

[[Page H8768]]

     Defense (Comptroller), and the Principal Deputy Under 
     Secretary of Defense for Intelligence; and
       (2) by inserting before the item relating to the Deputy 
     Under Secretary of Defense for Policy, as amended by 
     paragraph (1), the following new items:
       ``Deputy Under Secretary of Defense for Research and 
     Engineering.
       ``Deputy Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and 
     Sustainment.''.
       (f) Clerical Amendments.--
       (1) Heading amendment.--The heading of section 137a of 
     title 10, United States Code, is amended to read as follows:

     ``Sec. 137a. Deputy Under Secretaries of Defense''.

       (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at the 
     beginning of chapter 4 of title 10, United States Code, is 
     amended by striking the item relating to section 137a and 
     inserting the following new item:

``137a. Deputy Under Secretaries of Defense.''.

     SEC. 907. REDUCTION OF NUMBER AND ELIMINATION OF SPECIFIC 
                   DESIGNATIONS OF ASSISTANT SECRETARIES OF 
                   DEFENSE.

       (a) Reduction of Authorized Number.--Section 138(a)(1) of 
     title 10, United States Code, is amended by striking ``14'' 
     and inserting ``13''.
       (b) Elimination of Certain Specific Designations.--Section 
     138(b) of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
       (1) by striking paragraphs (2) and (3); and
       (2) by redesignating paragraphs (4), (5), and (6) as 
     paragraphs (2), (3), and (4), respectively.

     SEC. 908. LIMITATION ON MAXIMUM NUMBER OF DEPUTY ASSISTANT 
                   SECRETARIES OF DEFENSE.

       The maximum number of Deputy Assistant Secretaries of 
     Defense after the date of the enactment of this Act may not 
     exceed 48.

     SEC. 909. APPOINTMENT AND RESPONSIBILITIES OF CHIEF 
                   INFORMATION OFFICER OF THE DEPARTMENT OF 
                   DEFENSE.

       (a) Appointment Method and Qualifications.--Section 142(a) 
     of title 10, United States Code, is amended by inserting 
     before the period at the end the following: ``, who shall be 
     appointed by the President, by and with the advice and 
     consent of the Senate, from among civilians who are qualified 
     to serve as such officer''.
       (b) Clarification of Certain Responsibilities.--Section 
     142(b)(1)(I) of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
     striking ``the networking and cyber defense architecture'' 
     and inserting ``the information technology, networking, 
     information assurance, cybersecurity, and cyber capability 
     architectures''.
       (c) Additional Responsibilities Related to Budgets and 
     Standards.--Section 142(b) of title 10, United States Code, 
     is amended--
       (1) by redesignating paragraph (2) as paragraph (4); and
       (2) by inserting after paragraph (1) the following new 
     paragraphs:
       ``(2)(A) The Secretary of Defense, acting through the Under 
     Secretary of Defense (Comptroller), shall require the 
     Secretaries of the military departments and the heads of the 
     Defense Agencies with responsibilities associated with any 
     activity specified in paragraph (1) to transmit the proposed 
     budget for such activities for a fiscal year and for the 
     period covered by the future-years defense program submitted 
     to Congress under section 221 of this title for that fiscal 
     year to the Chief Information Officer for review under 
     subparagraph (B) before submitting the proposed budget to the 
     Under Secretary of Defense (Comptroller).
       ``(B) The Chief Information Officer shall review each 
     proposed budget transmitted under subparagraph (A) and, not 
     later than January 31 of the year preceding the fiscal year 
     for which the budget is proposed, shall submit to the 
     Secretary of Defense a report containing the comments of the 
     Chief Information Officer with respect to all such proposed 
     budgets, together with the certification of the Chief 
     Information Officer regarding whether each proposed budget is 
     adequate.
       ``(C) Not later than March 31 of each year, the Secretary 
     of Defense shall submit to Congress a report specifying each 
     proposed budget contained in the most-recent report submitted 
     under subparagraph (B) that the Chief Information Officer did 
     not certify to be adequate. The report of the Secretary shall 
     include the following matters:
       ``(i) A discussion of the actions that the Secretary 
     proposes to take, together with any recommended legislation 
     that the Secretary considers appropriate, to address the 
     inadequacy of the proposed budgets specified in the report.
       ``(ii) Any additional comments that the Secretary considers 
     appropriate regarding the inadequacy of the proposed budgets.
       ``(3)(A) The Secretary of a military department or head of 
     a Defense Agency may not develop or procure information 
     technology (as defined in section 11101 of title 40) that 
     does not fully comply with such standards as the Chief 
     Information Officer may establish.
       ``(B) The Chief Information Officer shall implement and 
     enforce a process for--
       ``(i) developing, adopting, or publishing standards for 
     information technology, networking, or cyber capabilities to 
     which any military department or defense agency would need to 
     adhere in order to run such capabilities on defense networks; 
     and
       ``(ii) certifying on a regular and ongoing basis that any 
     capabilities being developed or procured meets such standards 
     as have been published by the Department at the time of 
     certification.
       ``(C) The Chief Information Officer shall identify gaps in 
     standards and mitigation plans for operating in the absence 
     of acceptable standards.''.
       (d) Direction and Precedence.--Section 142 of title 10, 
     United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the 
     following new subsections:
       ``(c) The Chief Information Officer of the Department of 
     Defense shall report directly to the Secretary of Defense in 
     the performance of duties under this section.
       ``(d) The Chief Information Officer of the Department of 
     Defense takes precedence in the Department of Defense with 
     the officials serving in positions specified in section 
     131(b)(4) of this title. The officials serving in positions 
     specified in such section and the Chief Information Officer 
     take precedence among themselves in the order prescribed by 
     the Secretary of Defense.''.
       (e) Alternative Proposal.--Not later than March 1, 2018, 
     the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the congressional 
     defense committees a proposal for such alternatives or 
     modifications to the realignment of responsibilities of the 
     Chief Information Officer of the Department of Defense 
     required by the amendments made by subsection (a) as the 
     Secretary considers appropriate, together with an 
     implementation plan for such proposal. The proposal may not 
     be carried out unless approved by statute.
       (f) Service of Incumbent Without Further Appointment.--The 
     individual serving in the position of Chief Information 
     Officer of the Department of Defense as of January 1, 2019, 
     may continue to serve in such position commencing as of that 
     date without further appointment pursuant to section 142 of 
     title 10, United States Code, as amended by this section.
       (g) Effective Date of Amendments.--The amendments made by 
     this section shall take effect on January 1, 2019.

     SEC. 910. CHIEF MANAGEMENT OFFICER OF THE DEPARTMENT OF 
                   DEFENSE.

       (a) Chief Management Officer.--
       (1) In general.--Effective February 1, 2018, section 132a 
     of title 10, United States Code, is amended to read as 
     follows:

     ``Sec. 132a. Chief Management Officer

       ``(a) Appointment and Qualifications.--(1) There is a Chief 
     Management Officer of the Department of Defense, appointed 
     from civilian life by the President, by and with the advice 
     and consent of the Senate.
       ``(2) The Chief Management Officer shall be appointed from 
     among persons who have an extensive management or business 
     background and experience with managing large or complex 
     organizations. A person may not be appointed as Chief 
     Management Officer within seven years after relief from 
     active duty as a commissioned officer of a regular component 
     of an armed force.
       ``(b) Responsibilities.--Subject to the authority, 
     direction, and control of the Secretary of Defense and the 
     Deputy Secretary of Defense, the Chief Management Officer 
     shall perform such duties and exercise such powers as the 
     Secretary or the Deputy Secretary may prescribe, including 
     the following:
       ``(1) Serving as the chief management officer of the 
     Department of Defense with the mission of managing enterprise 
     business operations and shared services of the Department of 
     Defense.
       ``(2) Serving as the principal advisor to the Secretary and 
     the Deputy Secretary on establishing policies for, and 
     directing, all enterprise business operations of the 
     Department, including planning and processes, business 
     transformation, performance measurement and management, and 
     business information technology management and improvement 
     activities and programs, including the allocation of 
     resources for enterprise business operations and unifying 
     business management efforts across the Department.
       ``(3) Exercising authority, direction, and control over the 
     Defense Agencies and Department of Defense Field Activities 
     providing shared business services for the Department that 
     are designated by the Secretary or the Deputy Secretary for 
     purposes of this paragraph.
       ``(4) As of January 1, 2019--
       ``(A) serving as the Chief Information Officer of the 
     Department for purposes of section 2222 of this title;
       ``(B) administering the responsibilities and duties 
     specified in sections 11315 and 11319 of title 40, section 
     3506(a)(2) of title 44, and section 2223(a) of this title for 
     business systems and management; and
       ``(C) Exercising any responsibilities, duties, and powers 
     relating to business systems or management that are 
     exercisable by a chief information officer for the 
     Department, other than those responsibilities, duties, and 
     powers of a chief information officer that are vested in the 
     Chief Information Officer of the Department of Defense by 
     section 142 of this title.
       ``(5) Serving as the official with principal responsibility 
     in the Department for providing for the availability of 
     common, usable, Defense-wide data sets with applications such 
     as improving acquisition outcomes and personnel management.
       ``(6) Authority to direct the Secretaries of the military 
     departments and the heads of all other elements of the 
     Department with regard to matters for which the Chief 
     Management Officer has responsibility under this section.
       ``(c) Precedence.--The Chief Management Officer takes 
     precedence in the Department of Defense after the Secretary 
     of Defense and the Deputy Secretary of Defense.
       ``(d) Enterprise Business Operation Defined.--In this 
     section, the term `enterprise business operations' means 
     those activities that constitute the cross-cutting business 
     operations used by multiple components of the Department of 
     Defense, but not those activities that are directly tied to a 
     single military department or Department of Defense 
     component. The term includes business-support functions 
     designated by the Secretary of Defense or the Deputy 
     Secretary of Defense for purposes of this section,

[[Page H8769]]

     such as aspects of financial management, healthcare, 
     acquisition and procurement, supply chain and logistics, 
     certain information technology, real property, and human 
     resources operations.''.
       (2) Clerical amendment.--Effective February 1, 2018, the 
     table of sections at the beginning of chapter 4 of title 10, 
     United States Code, is amended by striking the item relating 
     to section 132a and inserting the following new item:

``132a. Chief Management Officer.''.
       (b) Conforming Repeal of Prior Authorities on Chief 
     Management Officer.--
       (1) In general.--Effective on January 31, 2018, subsection 
     (c) of section 901 of the National Defense Authorization Act 
     for Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328; 130 Stat. 2341; 10 
     U.S.C. 131 note) is repealed, and the amendments to be made 
     by paragraph (4) of that subsection shall not be made.
       (2) Further conforming amendments.--Effective on February 
     1, 2018, section 132 of title 10, United States Code, is 
     amended--
       (A) by striking subsection (c); and
       (B) by redesignating subsection (d) as subsection (c).
       (c) Conforming Amendments on Precedence in DoD.--Effective 
     on February 1, 2018, and immediately after the coming into 
     effect of the amendments made by section 901 of the National 
     Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 
     114-328; 130 Stat. 2339; 10 U.S.C. 131 note)--
       (1) section 131(b) of title 10, United States Code, as 
     amended by section 906(d)(1) of this Act, is further 
     amended--
       (A) by redesignating paragraphs (2) through (9) as 
     paragraphs (3) through (10), respectively; and
       (B) by inserting after paragraph (1) the following new 
     paragraph (2):
       ``(2) The Chief Management Officer of the Department of 
     Defense.'';
       (2) section 133a(c) of such title is amended--
       (A) in paragraph (1), by striking ``and the Deputy 
     Secretary of Defense'' and inserting ``, the Deputy Secretary 
     of Defense, and the Chief Management Officer of the 
     Department of Defense''; and
       (B) in paragraph (2), by inserting ``the Chief Management 
     Officer,'' after ``the Deputy Secretary,''; and
       (3) section 133b(c) of such title is amended--
       (A) in paragraph (1), by inserting ``the Chief Management 
     Officer of the Department of Defense,'' after ``the Deputy 
     Secretary of Defense,''; and
       (B) in paragraph (2), by inserting ``the Chief Management 
     Officer,'' after ``the Deputy Secretary,''.
       (d) Executive Schedule Level II.--Effective on February 1, 
     2018, and immediately after the coming into effect of the 
     amendment made by section 901(h) of the National Defense 
     Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328; 
     130 Stat. 2342; 5 U.S.C. 5313 note), section 5313 of title 5, 
     United States Code, is amended by inserting before the item 
     relating to the Under Secretary of Defense for Research and 
     Engineering the following new item:
       ``Chief Management Officer of the Department of Defense.''.
       (e) Service of Incumbent Deputy Chief Management Officer as 
     Chief Management Officer Upon Commencement of Latter Position 
     Without Further Appointment.--The individual serving in the 
     position of Deputy Chief Management Officer of the Department 
     of Defense as of February 1, 2018, may continue to serve as 
     Chief Management Officer of the Department of Defense under 
     section 132a of title 10, United States Code (as amended by 
     subsection (a)), commencing as of that date without further 
     appointment pursuant to such section 132a.
       (f) Defense Agencies and Field Activities Providing Shared 
     Business Services.--
       (1) Initial reporting requirement.--Not later than January 
     15, 2018, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the 
     congressional defense committees a report specifying each 
     Defense Agency and Department of Defense Field Activity 
     providing shared business services for the Department of 
     Defense that is to be designated by the Secretary of Defense 
     or the Deputy Secretary of Defense for purposes of subsection 
     (b)(3) of section 132a of title 10, United States Code (as 
     amended by subsection (a)), as of the coming into effect of 
     such section 132a.
       (2) Notice to congress on transfer of oversight.--Upon the 
     transfer to the Chief Management Officer of the Department of 
     Defense of responsibility for oversight of shared business 
     services of a Defense Agency or Department of Defense Field 
     Activity specified in the report required by paragraph (1), 
     the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the congressional 
     defense committees a notice of the transfer, including the 
     Defense Agency or Field Activity subject to the transfer and 
     a description of the nature and scope of the responsibility 
     for oversight transferred.

               Subtitle B--Data Management and Analytics

     SEC. 911. POLICY ON TREATMENT OF DEFENSE BUSINESS SYSTEM DATA 
                   RELATED TO BUSINESS OPERATIONS AND MANAGEMENT.

       (a) Establishment of Policy.--Not later than one year after 
     the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of 
     Defense shall establish a data policy for the Department of 
     Defense that mandates that any data contained in a defense 
     business system related to business operations and management 
     is an asset of the Department of Defense.
       (b) Availability.--As part of the policy required by 
     subsection (a), the Secretary of Defense shall ensure that, 
     except as otherwise provided by law or regulation, data 
     described in such subsection shall be made readily available 
     to members of the Office of the Secretary of Defense, the 
     Joint Staff, the military departments, the combatant 
     commands, the Defense Agencies, the Department of Defense 
     Field Activities, and all other offices, agencies, 
     activities, and commands of the Department of Defense, as 
     applicable.

     SEC. 912. TRANSPARENCY OF DEFENSE MANAGEMENT DATA.

       (a) Common Enterprise Data.--
       (1) In general.--Section 2222(e) of title 10, United States 
     Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new 
     paragraphs:
       ``(5) Common enterprise data.--The defense business 
     enterprise shall include enterprise data that may be 
     automatically extracted from the relevant systems to 
     facilitate Department of Defense-wide analysis and management 
     of its business operations.
       ``(6) Roles and responsibilities.--
       ``(A) The Chief Management Officer of the Department of 
     Defense shall have primary decision-making authority with 
     respect to the development of common enterprise data. In 
     consultation with the Defense Business Council, the Chief 
     Management Officer shall--
       ``(i) develop an associated data governance process; and
       ``(ii) oversee the preparation, extraction, and provision 
     of data across the defense business enterprise.
       ``(B) The Chief Management Officer and the Under Secretary 
     of Defense (Comptroller) shall--
       ``(i) in consultation with the Defense Business Council, 
     document and maintain any common enterprise data for their 
     respective areas of authority;
       ``(ii) participate in any related data governance process;
       ``(iii) extract data from defense business systems as 
     needed to support priority activities and analyses;
       ``(iv) when appropriate, ensure the source data is the same 
     as that used to produce the financial statements subject to 
     annual audit;
       ``(v) in consultation with the Defense Business Council, 
     provide access, except as otherwise provided by law or 
     regulation, to such data to the Office of the Secretary of 
     Defense, the Joint Staff, the military departments, the 
     combatant commands, the Defense Agencies, the Department of 
     Defense Field Activities, and all other offices, agencies, 
     activities, and commands of the Department of Defense; and
       ``(vi) ensure consistency of the common enterprise data 
     maintained by their respective organizations.
       ``(C) The Director of Cost Assessment and Program 
     Evaluation shall have access to data for the purpose of 
     executing missions as designated by the Secretary of Defense.
       ``(D) The Secretary of Defense, the Chairman of the Joint 
     Chiefs of Staff, the Secretaries of the military departments, 
     commanders of combatant commands, the heads of the Defense 
     Agencies, the heads of the Department of Defense Field 
     Activities, and the heads of all other offices, agencies, 
     activities, and commands of the Department of Defense shall 
     provide access to the relevant system of such department, 
     combatant command, Defense Agency, Defense Field Activity, or 
     office, agency, activity, and command organization, as 
     applicable, and data extracted from such system, for purposes 
     of automatically populating data sets coded with common 
     enterprise data.''.
       (2) Definitions.--Section 2222(i) of title 10, United 
     States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following 
     new paragraphs:
       ``(10) Common enterprise data.--The term `common enterprise 
     data' means business operations or management-related data, 
     generally from defense business systems, in a usable format 
     that is automatically accessible by authorized personnel and 
     organizations.
       ``(11) Data governance process.--The term `data governance 
     process' means a system to manage the timely Department of 
     Defense-wide sharing of data described under subsection 
     (a)(6)(A).''.
       (b) Duties of Under Secretary of Defense (Comptroller).--
     Section 135(b) of title 10, United States Code, is amended in 
     the second sentence by inserting after ``shall perform'' the 
     following: ``the duties assigned to the Under Secretary in 
     section 2222 of this title and''.
       (c) Duties of Director of Cost Assessment and Program 
     Evaluation.--Section 139a(d) of title 10, United States Code, 
     is amended by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
       ``(9) Performing the duties assigned to the Director in 
     section 2222 of this title.''.
       (d) Implementation Plan for Common Enterprise Data.--
       (1) Plan required.--Not later than one year after the date 
     of the enactment of this Act, the Deputy Secretary of 
     Defense, acting through the Chief Management Officer of the 
     Department of Defense, shall develop a plan to implement the 
     amendments made by subsection (a).
       (2) Elements.--At a minimum, the implementation plan 
     required by paragraph (1) shall include the following 
     elements:
       (A) The major tasks required to implement the requirements 
     imposed by the amendments made by subsection (a) and the 
     recommended time frames for each task.
       (B) The estimated resources required to complete each major 
     task identified pursuant to subparagraph (A).
       (C) Any challenges associated with each major task 
     identified pursuant to subparagraph (A) and related steps to 
     mitigate such challenge.
       (D) A description of how data security issues will be 
     appropriately addressed in the implementation of such 
     requirements.
       (E) A review of the curriculum taught at the National 
     Defense University, the Defense Acquisition University, 
     professional military educational institutions, and 
     appropriate private sector academic institutions to determine 
     the extent to which the curricula include appropriate courses 
     on data management, data analytics and other evaluation-
     related methods.

[[Page H8770]]

       (3) Role of under secretary of defense (comptroller).--The 
     Under Secretary of Defense (Comptroller) shall ensure that 
     the implementation plan required by paragraph (1) does not 
     conflict with the financial statement audit priorities and 
     timeline of the Department of Defense.
       (4) Submission to congress.--Upon completion of the 
     implementation plan required by paragraph (1), the Chief 
     Management Officer shall submit the plan to the congressional 
     defense committees.
       (e) Application of New Authorities Required.--
       (1) Data analytics capability required.--Not later than 
     September 30, 2020, the Chief Management Officer of the 
     Department of Defense shall establish and maintain within the 
     Department of Defense a data analytics capability for 
     purposes of supporting enhanced oversight and management of 
     the Defense Agencies and Department of Defense Field 
     Activities.
       (2) Elements.--The data analytics capability shall permit 
     the following:
       (A) The maintenance on a continuing basis of an accurate 
     tabulation of the amounts expended by the Defense Agencies 
     and Department of Defense Field Activities on Government and 
     contractor personnel.
       (B) The maintenance on a continuing basis of an accurate 
     number of the personnel currently supporting the Defense 
     Agencies and Department of Defense Field Activities, 
     including the following:
       (i) Members of the regular components of the Armed Forces.
       (ii) Members of the reserve components of the Armed Forces.
       (iii) Civilian employees of the Department of Defense.
       (iv) Detailees, whether from another organization or 
     element of the Department or from another department or 
     agency of the Federal Government.
       (C) The tracking of costs for employing contract personnel, 
     including federally funded research and development centers.
       (D) The maintenance on a continuing basis of the following:
       (i) An identification of the functions being performed by 
     each Defense Agency and Department of Defense Field Activity.
       (ii) An accurate tabulation of the amounts being expended 
     by each Defense Agency and Department of Defense Field 
     Activity on its functions.
       (3) Reporting requirements.--
       (A) Interim report.--Not later than one year after the date 
     of the enactment of this Act, the Chief Management Officer of 
     the Department of Defense shall submit to the congressional 
     defense committees a report on progress in establishing the 
     data analytics capability. The report shall include the 
     following:
       (i) A description and assessment of the efforts of the 
     Chief Management Officer through the date of the report to 
     establish the data analytics capability.
       (ii) A description of current gaps in the data required to 
     establish the data analytics capability, and a description of 
     the efforts to be undertaken to eliminate such gaps.
       (B) Final report.--Not later than December 31, 2020, the 
     Chief Management Officer shall submit to the congressional 
     defense committees a report on the data analytics capability 
     as established pursuant to this section.
       (f) Additional Pilot Programs Required.--
       (1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense shall carry out 
     pilot programs to develop data integration strategies for the 
     Department of Defense to address high-priority management 
     challenges of the Department.
       (2) Elements.--The pilot programs carried out under the 
     authority of this subsection shall involve data integration 
     strategies to address challenges of the Department with 
     respect to the following:
       (A) The budget of the Department.
       (B) Logistics.
       (C) Personnel security and insider threats.
       (D) At least two other high-priority challenges of the 
     Department identified by the Secretary for purposes of this 
     subsection.
       (3) Report on pilot programs.--Not later than one year 
     after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of 
     Defense shall submit to the congressional defense committees 
     a report describing the pilot programs to be carried out 
     under this section, including the challenge of the Department 
     to be addressed by the pilot program and the manner in which 
     the data integration strategy under the pilot program will 
     address the challenge. If any proposed pilot program requires 
     legislative action for the waiver or modification of a 
     statutory requirement that otherwise prevents or impedes the 
     implementation of the pilot program, the Secretary shall 
     include in the report a recommendation for legislative action 
     to waive or modify the statutory requirement.

     SEC. 913. ESTABLISHMENT OF SET OF ACTIVITIES THAT USE DATA 
                   ANALYSIS, MEASUREMENT, AND OTHER EVALUATION-
                   RELATED METHODS TO IMPROVE ACQUISITION PROGRAM 
                   OUTCOMES.

       (a) Establishment Required.--Not later than one year after 
     the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of 
     Defense shall establish a set of activities that use data 
     analysis, measurement, and other evaluation-related methods 
     to improve the acquisition outcomes of the Department of 
     Defense and enhance organizational learning.
       (b) Types of Activities.--The set of activities established 
     under subsection (a) may include any or all of the following: 
     --
       (1) Establishment of data analytics capabilities and 
     organizations within an Armed Force.
       (2) Development of capabilities in Department of Defense 
     laboratories, test centers, and federally funded research and 
     development centers to provide technical support for data 
     analytics activities that support acquisition program 
     management and business process re-engineering activities.
       (3) Increased use of existing analytical capabilities 
     available to acquisition programs and offices to support 
     improved acquisition outcomes.
       (4) Funding of intramural and extramural research and 
     development activities to develop and implement data 
     analytics capabilities in support of improved acquisition 
     outcomes.
       (5) Publication, to the maximum extent practicable, and in 
     a manner that protects classified and proprietary 
     information, of data collected by the Department of Defense 
     related to acquisition program costs and activities for 
     access and analyses by the general public or Department 
     research and education organizations.
       (6) Promulgation by the Chief of Staff of the Army, the 
     Chief of Naval Operations, the Chief of Staff of the Air 
     Force, and the Commandant of the Marine Corps, in 
     coordination with the Deputy Secretary of Defense, the Under 
     Secretary of Defense for Research and Engineering, and the 
     Under Secretary for Acquisition and Sustainment, of a 
     consistent policy as to the role of data analytics in 
     establishing budgets and making milestone decisions for major 
     defense acquisition programs.
       (7) Continual assessment, in consultation with the private 
     sector, of the efficiency of current data collection and 
     analyses processes, so as to minimize the requirement for 
     collection and delivery of data by, from, and to Government 
     organizations.
       (8) Promulgation of guidance to acquisition programs and 
     activities on the efficient use, quality, and sharing of 
     enterprise data between programs and organizations to improve 
     acquisition program analytics and outcomes.
       (9) Establishment of focused research and educational 
     activities at the Defense Acquisition University, and 
     appropriate private sector academic institutions, to support 
     enhanced use of data management, data analytics, and other 
     evaluation-related methods to improve acquisition outcomes.

  Subtitle C--Organization of Other Department of Defense Offices and 
                                Elements

     SEC. 921. QUALIFICATIONS FOR APPOINTMENT OF ASSISTANT 
                   SECRETARIES OF THE MILITARY DEPARTMENTS FOR 
                   FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT.

       (a) Assistant Secretary of the Army.--Section 3016(b)(4) of 
     title 10, United States Code, is amended--
       (1) by inserting ``(A)'' after ``(4)'';
       (2) by striking ``The Assistant Secretary shall have as his 
     principal responsibility'' and inserting the following:
       ``(C) The principal responsibility of the Assistant 
     Secretary shall be''; and
       (3) by inserting after subparagraph (A), as designated by 
     paragraph (1), the following new subparagraph (B):
       ``(B) The Assistant Secretary shall be appointed from among 
     persons who have significant budget, financial management, or 
     audit experience in complex organizations.''.
       (b) Assistant Secretary of the Navy.--Section 5016(b)(3) of 
     title 10, United States Code, is amended--
       (1) by inserting ``(A)'' after ``(3)'';
       (2) by striking ``The Assistant Secretary shall have as his 
     principal responsibility'' and inserting the following:
       ``(C) The principal responsibility of the Assistant 
     Secretary shall be''; and
       (3) by inserting after subparagraph (A), as designated by 
     paragraph (1), the following new subparagraph (B):
       ``(B) The Assistant Secretary shall be appointed from among 
     persons who have significant budget, financial management, or 
     audit experience in complex organizations.''.
       (c) Assistant Secretary of the Air Force.--Section 
     8016(b)(3) of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
       (1) by inserting ``(A)'' after ``(3)'';
       (2) by striking ``The Assistant Secretary shall have as his 
     principal responsibility'' and inserting the following:
       ``(C) The principal responsibility of the Assistant 
     Secretary shall be''; and
       (3) by inserting after subparagraph (A), as designated by 
     paragraph (1), the following new subparagraph (B):
       ``(B) The Assistant Secretary shall be appointed from among 
     persons who have significant budget, financial management, or 
     audit experience in complex organizations.''.
       (d) Applicability.--The appointment qualifications imposed 
     by the amendments made by this section shall apply with 
     respect to an appointment as an Assistant Secretary of a 
     military department for financial management that is made on 
     or after the date of the enactment of this Act.

     SEC. 922. MANNER OF CARRYING OUT REDUCTIONS IN MAJOR 
                   DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE HEADQUARTERS ACTIVITIES 
                   PURSUANT TO HEADQUARTERS REDUCTION PLAN.

       Section 346(b) of the National Defense Authorization Act 
     for Fiscal Year 2016 (Public Law 114-92; 129 Stat. 796; 10 
     U.S.C. 111 note) is amended by adding at the end the 
     following new paragraph:
       ``(5) Manner of carrying out reductions.--
       ``(A) In general.--The Secretary of Defense shall implement 
     the headquarters reduction plan referred to in paragraph (1), 
     as modified pursuant to that paragraph, so that reductions in 
     major Department of Defense headquarters activities pursuant 
     to the plan are carried out only after consideration of--
       ``(i) the current manpower levels of major Department of 
     Defense headquarters activities;
       ``(ii) the historic manpower levels of major Department of 
     Defense headquarters activities;
       ``(iii) the mission requirements of major Department of 
     Defense headquarters activities; and

[[Page H8771]]

       ``(iv) the anticipated staffing needs of major Department 
     of Defense headquarters activities necessary to meet national 
     defense objectives.
       ``(B) Conforming modification of plan for achievement of 
     cost savings.--The Secretary of Defense shall modify the plan 
     for achievement of cost savings required by subsection (a) to 
     take into account the requirement specified in subparagraph 
     (A).''.

     SEC. 923. CERTIFICATIONS ON COST SAVINGS ACHIEVED BY 
                   REDUCTIONS IN MAJOR DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE 
                   HEADQUARTERS ACTIVITIES.

       Section 346(b) of the National Defense Authorization Act 
     for Fiscal Year 2016 (Public Law 114-92; 129 Stat. 796 10 
     U.S.C. 111 note), as amended by section 922, is further 
     amended by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
       ``(6) Certifications on cost savings achieved.--Not later 
     than 120 days after the date of the enactment of this 
     paragraph, and not later than 60 days after the end of each 
     of fiscal years 2018 through 2020, the Director of Cost 
     Assessment and Program Evaluation shall certify to the 
     Secretary of Defense, and to the congressional defense 
     committees, the following:
       ``(A) The validity of the cost savings achieved for each 
     major Department of Defense headquarters activity during the 
     previous fiscal year, including the cost of personnel 
     detailed by another Department entity to the headquarters 
     activity.
       ``(B) Whether the cost savings achieved for each major 
     Department of Defense headquarters activity during that 
     fiscal year met the savings objective for the headquarters 
     activity for that fiscal year, as established pursuant to 
     paragraph (1).''.

     SEC. 924. CORROSION CONTROL AND PREVENTION EXECUTIVES 
                   MATTERS.

       (a) Scope and Level of Positions.--Section 903(a) of the 
     Duncan Hunter National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
     Year 2009 (Public Law 110-417; 10 U.S.C. 2228 note) is 
     amended--
       (1) by striking ``shall be the senior official'' and 
     inserting ``shall be a senior official''; and
       (2) by adding at the end the following new sentence: ``Each 
     individual so designated shall be a senior civilian employee 
     of the military department concerned in pay grade GS-15 or 
     higher.''.
       (b) Qualifications.--Section 903 of the Duncan Hunter 
     National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2009 
     (Public Law 110-417; 10 U.S.C. 2228 note) is further 
     amended--
       (1) by redesignating subsection (b) as subsection (c); and
       (2) by inserting after subsection (a) the following new 
     subsection (b):
       ``(b) Qualifications.--Any individual designated as a 
     corrosion control and prevention executive of a military 
     department pursuant to subsection (a) shall--
       ``(1) have a working knowledge of corrosion prevention and 
     control;
       ``(2) have strong program management and communication 
     skills; and
       ``(3) understand the acquisition, research, development, 
     test, and evaluation, and sustainment policies and procedures 
     of the military department, including for the sustainment of 
     infrastructure.''.

     SEC. 925. BACKGROUND AND SECURITY INVESTIGATIONS FOR 
                   DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE PERSONNEL.

       (a) Transition To Discharge by Defense Security Service.--
       (1) Secretarial authority.--The Secretary of Defense has 
     the authority to conduct security, suitability, and 
     credentialing background investigations for Department of 
     Defense personnel. In carrying out such authority, the 
     Secretary may use such authority, or may delegate such 
     authority to another entity.
       (2) Phased transition.--As part of providing for the 
     conduct of background investigations initiated by the 
     Department of Defense through the Defense Security Service by 
     not later than the deadline specified in subsection (b), the 
     Secretary shall, in consultation with the Director of the 
     Office of Personnel Management, provide for a phased 
     transition from the conduct of such investigations by the 
     National Background Investigations Bureau of the Office of 
     Personnel Management to the conduct of such investigations by 
     the Defense Security Service by that deadline.
       (3) Transition elements.--The phased transition required by 
     paragraph (2) shall--
       (A) provide for the transition of the conduct of 
     investigations to the Defense Security Service using a risk 
     management approach; and
       (B) be consistent with the transition from legacy 
     information technology operated by the Office of Personnel 
     Management to the new information technology, including the 
     National Background Investigations System, as described in 
     subsection (f).
       (b) Commencement of Implementation Plan for Ongoing 
     Discharge of Investigations Through DSS.--Not later than 
     October 1, 2020, the Secretary of Defense shall commence 
     carrying out the implementation plan developed pursuant to 
     section 951(a)(1) of the National Defense Authorization Act 
     for Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328; 130 Stat. 2371; 10 
     U.S.C. 1564 note).
       (c) Transfer of Certain Functions Within DoD to DSS.--
       (1) Transfer required.--For purposes of meeting the 
     requirements in subsections (a) and (b), the Secretary of 
     Defense shall transfer to the Defense Security Service the 
     functions, personnel, and associated resources of the 
     following organizations:
       (A) The Consolidated Adjudications Facility.
       (B) Other organizations identified by the Secretary for 
     purposes of this paragraph.
       (2) Supporting organizations.--In addition to the 
     organizations identified pursuant to paragraph (1), the 
     following organizations shall prioritize resources to 
     directly support the execution of requirements in subsections 
     (a) and (b):
       (A) The Office of Cost Analysis and Program Evaluation.
       (B) The Defense Digital Service.
       (C) Other organizations designated by the Secretary for 
     purposes of this paragraph.
       (3) Timing and manner of transfer.--The Secretary--
       (A) may carry out the transfer required by paragraph (1) at 
     any time before the date specified in subsection (b) that the 
     Secretary considers appropriate for purposes of this section; 
     and
       (B) shall carry out the transfer in a manner designed to 
     minimize disruptions to the conduct of background 
     investigations for personnel of the Department of Defense.
       (d) Transfer of Certain Functions in OPM to DSS.--
       (1) In general.--For purposes of meeting the requirements 
     in subsections (a) and (b), the Secretary of Defense shall 
     provide for the transfer of the functions described in 
     paragraph (2), and any associated personnel and resources, to 
     the Department of Defense.
       (2) Functions.--The functions to be transferred pursuant to 
     paragraph (1) are the following:
       (A) Any personnel security investigations functions 
     transferred by the Secretary to the Director of the Office of 
     Personnel Management pursuant to section 906 of the National 
     Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2004 (Public Law 
     108-136; 5 U.S.C. 1101 note).
       (B) Any other functions of the Office of Personnel 
     Management in connection with background investigations 
     initiated by the Department of Defense that the Secretary and 
     the Director jointly consider appropriate.
       (3) Assessment.--In carrying out the transfer of functions 
     pursuant to paragraph (1), the Secretary shall conduct a 
     comprehensive assessment of workforce requirements for both 
     the Department of Defense and the National Background 
     Investigations Bureau synchronized to the transition plan, 
     including a forecast of workforce needs across the current 
     future-years defense plan for the Department. Not later than 
     180 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, the 
     Secretary shall submit to the appropriate congressional 
     committees a report containing the results of the assessment.
       (4) Consultation.--The Secretary shall carry out paragraphs 
     (1), (2), and (3) in consultation with the Director of the 
     Office of Personnel Management and the Director of the Office 
     of Management and Budget.
       (5) Location within dod.--Any functions transferred to the 
     Department of Defense pursuant to this subsection shall be 
     located within the Defense Security Service.
       (e) Conduct of Certain Actions.--For purposes of the 
     conduct of background investigations following the 
     commencement of carrying out the implementation plan referred 
     to in subsection (b), the Secretary of Defense shall provide 
     for the following:
       (1) A single capability for the centralized funding, 
     submissions, and processing of all background investigations, 
     from within the Defense Security Service.
       (2) The discharge by the Consolidated Adjudications 
     Facility, from within the Defense Security Service pursuant 
     to transfer under subsection (c), of adjudications in 
     connection with the following:
       (A) Background investigations.
       (B) Continuous evaluation and vetting checks.
       (f) Enhancement of Information Technology Capabilities of 
     NBIS.--
       (1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense shall conduct a 
     review of the information technology capabilities of the 
     National Background Investigations System in order to 
     determine whether enhancements to such capabilities are 
     required for the following:
       (A) Support for background investigations pursuant to this 
     section and section 951 of the National Defense Authorization 
     Act for Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328; 130 Stat. 2371; 
     10 U.S.C. 1564 note).
       (B) Support of the National Background Investigations 
     Bureau.
       (C) Execution of the conduct of background investigations 
     initiated by the Department of Defense pursuant to this 
     section, including submissions and adjudications.
       (2) Common component.--In providing for the transition and 
     operation of the National Background Investigations System as 
     described in paragraph (1)(C), the Secretary shall develop a 
     common component of the System usable for background 
     investigations by both the Defense Security Service and the 
     National Background Investigations Bureau.
       (3) Enhancements.--If the review pursuant to paragraph (1) 
     determines that enhancements described in that paragraph are 
     required, the Secretary shall carry out such enhancements.
       (4) Consultation.--The Secretary shall carry out this 
     subsection in consultation with the Director of the Office of 
     Personnel Management.
       (g) Use of Certain Private Industry Data.--In carrying out 
     background and security investigations pursuant to this 
     section and section 951 of the National Defense Authorization 
     Act for Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328; 130 Stat. 2371; 
     10 U.S.C. 1564 note), the Secretary of Defense may use 
     background materials collected on individuals by the private 
     sector, in accordance with national policies and standards, 
     that are applicable to such investigations, including 
     materials as follows:
       (1) Financial information, including credit scores and 
     credit status.
       (2) Criminal records.
       (3) Drug screening.
       (4) Verifications of information on resumes and employment 
     applications, such as previous employers, educational 
     achievement, and educational institutions attended.

[[Page H8772]]

       (5) Other publicly available electronic information.
       (h) Security Clearances for Contractor Personnel.--
       (1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense shall review the 
     requirements of the Department of Defense relating to 
     position sensitivity designations for contractor personnel in 
     order to determine whether such requirements may be 
     reassessed or modified to reduce the number and range of 
     contractor personnel who are issued security clearances in 
     connection with work under contracts with the Department.
       (2) Guidance.--The Secretary shall issue guidance to 
     program managers, contracting officers, and security 
     personnel of the Department specifying requirements for the 
     review of contractor position sensitivity designations and 
     the number of contractor personnel of the Department who are 
     issued security clearances for the purposes of determining 
     whether the number of such personnel who are issued security 
     clearances should and can be reduced.
       (i) Personnel To Support the Transfer of Functions.--The 
     Secretary of Defense shall authorize the Director of the 
     Defense Security Service to promptly increase the number of 
     personnel of the Defense Security Service for the purpose of 
     beginning the establishment and expansion of investigative 
     capacity to support the phased transfer of investigative 
     functions from the Office of Personnel Management to the 
     Department of Defense under this section. The Director of 
     Cost Analysis and Program Assessment shall advise the 
     Secretary on the size of the initial investigative workforce 
     and the rate of growth of that workforce.
       (j) Report on Future Periodic Reinvestigations, Insider 
     Threat, and Continuous Vetting.--
       (1) Report required.--Not later than 90 days after the date 
     of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall 
     submit to the appropriate congressional committees a report 
     that includes the following:
       (A) An assessment of the feasibility and advisability of 
     periodic reinvestigations of backgrounds of Government and 
     contractor personnel with security clearances, including 
     lessons from all of the continuous evaluation pilots being 
     conducted throughout the Government, and identification of 
     new or additional data sources and data analytic tools needed 
     for improving current continuous evaluation or vetting 
     capabilities.
       (B) A plan to provide the Government with an enhanced risk 
     management model that reduces the gaps in coverage 
     perpetuated by the current time-based periodic 
     reinvestigations model, particularly in light of the 
     increasing use of continuous background evaluations of 
     personnel referred to in subparagraph (A).
       (C) A plan for expanding continuous background vetting 
     capabilities, such as the Installation Matching Engine for 
     Security and Analysis, to the broader population, including 
     those at the lowest tiers and levels of access, which plan 
     shall include details to ensure that all individuals 
     credentialed for physical access to Department of Defense 
     facilities and installations are vetted to the same level of 
     fitness determinations and subject to appropriate continuous 
     vetting.
       (D) A plan to fully integrate and incorporate insider 
     threat data, tools, and capabilities into the new end-to-end 
     vetting processes and supporting information technology 
     established by the Defense Security Service to ensure a 
     holistic and transformational approach to detecting, 
     deterring, and mitigating threats posed by trusted insiders.
       (2) Consultation.--The Secretary shall prepare the report 
     under paragraph (1) in consultation with the Director of 
     National Intelligence and the Director of the Office of 
     Personnel Management.
       (k) Quarterly and Annual Briefings and Reports.--
       (1) Annual assessment of timeliness.--Not later than 
     December 31, 2018, and each December 31 thereafter through 
     the date specified in paragraph (4), the Security Executive 
     Agent, in coordination with the Chair and other Principals of 
     the Security, Suitability, and Credentialing Performance 
     Accountability Council, shall submit to the appropriate 
     committees of Congress a report on the timeliness of 
     personnel security clearance initiations, investigations, and 
     adjudications, by clearance level, for both initial 
     investigations and periodic reinvestigations during the prior 
     fiscal year for Government and contractor employees, 
     including the following:
       (A) The average periods of time taken by each authorized 
     investigative agency and authorized adjudicative agency to 
     initiate cases, conduct investigations, and adjudicate cases 
     as compared with established timeliness objectives, from the 
     date a completed security clearance application is received 
     to the date of adjudication and notification to the subject 
     and the subject's employer.
       (B) The number of initial investigations and periodic 
     reinvestigations initiated and adjudicated by each authorized 
     adjudicative agency.
       (C) The number of initial investigations and periodic 
     reinvestigations carried over from prior fiscal years by each 
     authorized investigative and adjudicative agency.
       (D) The number of initial investigations and periodic 
     reinvestigations that resulted in a denial or revocation of a 
     security clearance by each authorized adjudicative agency.
       (E) The costs to the executive branch related to personnel 
     security clearance initiations, investigations, 
     adjudications, revocations, and continuous evaluation.
       (F) A discussion of any impediments to the timely 
     processing of personnel security clearances.
       (G) The number of clearance holders enrolled in continuous 
     evaluation and the numbers and types of adverse actions taken 
     as a result by each authorized adjudicative agency.
       (H) The number of personnel security clearance cases, both 
     initial investigations and periodic reinvestigations, 
     awaiting or under investigation by the National Background 
     Investigations Bureau.
       (I) Other information as appropriate, including any 
     recommendations to improve the timeliness and efficiency of 
     personnel security clearance initiations, investigations, and 
     adjudications.
       (2) Quarterly briefings.--Not later than the end of each 
     calendar-year quarter beginning after January 1, 2018, 
     through the date specified in paragraph (4), the Secretary of 
     Defense shall provide the appropriate congressional 
     committees a briefing on the progress of the Secretary in 
     carrying out the requirements of this section during that 
     calendar-year quarter. Until the backlog of security 
     clearance applications at the National Background 
     Investigations Bureau is eliminated, each quarterly briefing 
     shall also include the current status of the backlog and the 
     resulting mission and resource impact to the Department of 
     Defense and the defense industrial base. Until the phased 
     transition described in subsection (a) is complete, each 
     quarterly briefing shall also include identification of any 
     resources planned for movement from the National Background 
     Investigations Bureau to the Department of Defense during the 
     next calendar-year quarter.
       (3) Annual reports.--Not later than December 31, 2018, and 
     each December 31 thereafter through the date specified in 
     paragraph (4), the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the 
     appropriate congressional committees a report on the 
     following for the calendar year in which the report is to be 
     submitted:
       (A) The status of the Secretary in meeting the requirements 
     in subsections (a), (b), and (c).
       (B) The status of any transfers to be carried out pursuant 
     to subsection (d).
       (C) An assessment of the personnel security capabilities of 
     the Department of Defense.
       (D) The average periods of time taken by each authorized 
     investigative agency and authorized adjudicative agency to 
     initiate cases, conduct investigations, and adjudicate cases 
     as compared with established timeliness objectives, from the 
     date a completed security clearance application is received 
     to the date of adjudication and notification to the subject 
     and the subject's employer.
       (E) The number of initial investigations and periodic 
     reinvestigations initiated and adjudicated by each authorized 
     adjudicative agency.
       (F) The number of initial investigations and periodic 
     reinvestigations carried over from prior fiscal years by each 
     authorized investigative and adjudicative agency.
       (G) The number of initial investigations and periodic 
     reinvestigations that resulted in a denial or revocation of a 
     security clearance by each authorized adjudicative agency.
       (H) The costs to the Department of Defense related to 
     personnel security clearance initiations, investigations, 
     adjudications, revocations, and continuous evaluation.
       (I) A discussion of any impediments to the timely 
     processing of personnel security clearances.
       (J) The number of clearance holders enrolled in continuous 
     evaluation and the numbers and types of adverse actions taken 
     as a result.
       (K) The number of personnel security clearance cases, both 
     initial investigations and periodic reinvestigations, 
     awaiting or under investigation by the National Background 
     Investigations Bureau.
       (L) Other information that the Secretary considers 
     appropriate, including any recommendations to improve the 
     timeliness and efficiency of personnel security clearance 
     initiations, investigations, and adjudications.
       (4) Termination.--No briefing or report is required under 
     this subsection after December 31, 2021.
       (l) Appropriate Congressional Committees Defined.--In this 
     section, the term ``appropriate congressional committees'' 
     means--
       (1) the Committees on Armed Services, Appropriations, 
     Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs, and the Select 
     Committee on Intelligence of the Senate; and
       (2) the Committees on Armed Services, Appropriations, 
     Oversight and Government Reform, and the Permanent Select 
     Committee on Intelligence of the House of Representatives.

            Subtitle D--Miscellaneous Reporting Requirements

     SEC. 931. ADDITIONAL ELEMENTS IN REPORTS ON POLICY, 
                   ORGANIZATION, AND MANAGEMENT GOALS OF THE 
                   SECRETARY OF DEFENSE FOR THE DEPARTMENT OF 
                   DEFENSE.

       Section 912(a)(2) of the National Defense Authorization Act 
     for Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328; 130 Stat. 2349) is 
     amended by adding at the end the following new subparagraphs:
       ``(D) A civilian operating force structure sized for 
     operational effectiveness that is manned, equipped, and 
     trained to support deployment time and rotation ratios that 
     sustain the readiness and needed retention levels of the 
     regular and reserve components of the Armed Forces.
       ``(E) The hiring authorities and other actions that the 
     Secretary of Defense or the Secretaries of the military 
     departments will take to eliminate any gaps between desired 
     programmed civilian workforce levels and the current size of 
     the civilian workforce, set forth by mission and functional 
     area.''.

     SEC. 932. REPORT AND SENSE OF CONGRESS ON RESPONSIBILITY FOR 
                   DEVELOPMENTAL TEST AND EVALUATION WITHIN THE 
                   OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY OF DEFENSE.

       (a) Report on Plans to Address Developmental Test and 
     Evaluation Responsibilities Within the Office of the 
     Secretary of Defense.--

[[Page H8773]]

       (1) In general.--Not later than 60 days after the date of 
     the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall 
     submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and 
     the House of Representatives a report containing a strategy 
     to ensure that there is sufficient expertise, oversight, and 
     policy direction on developmental test and evaluation within 
     the Office of the Secretary of Defense after the completion 
     of the reorganization of such Office required under section 
     901 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 
     2017 (Public Law 114-328; 130 Stat. 2339).
       (2) Elements.--The report required by paragraph (1) shall 
     address the following:
       (A) The structure of the roles and responsibilities of the 
     senior Department of Defense official responsible for 
     developmental test and evaluation, as distinct from 
     operational test and evaluation or systems engineering.
       (B) The location of the senior Department of Defense 
     official responsible for developmental test and evaluation 
     within the organizational structure of the Office of the 
     Secretary of Defense.
       (C) An estimate of personnel and other resources that 
     should be made available to the senior Department of Defense 
     official responsible for developmental test and evaluation to 
     ensure that such official can provide independent expertise, 
     oversight, and policy direction and guidance Department of 
     Defense-wide.
       (D) Methods to ensure that the senior Department of Defense 
     official responsible for developmental test and evaluation 
     will be empowered to facilitate Department of Defense-wide 
     efficiencies by helping programs to optimize test designs and 
     activities, including ensuring access to program data and 
     participation in acquisition program oversight.
       (E) Methods to ensure that an advocate for test and 
     evaluation workforce will continue to exist within the 
     acquisition workforce.
       (b) Sense of Congress.--It is the sense of Congress that--
       (1) developmental testing is critical to reducing 
     acquisition program risk by providing valuable information to 
     support sound decision making;
       (2) major defense acquisition programs often do not conduct 
     enough developmental testing, so too many problems are first 
     identified during operational testing, when they are 
     expensive and time-consuming to fix; and
       (3) in order to ensure that effective developmental testing 
     is conducted on major defense acquisition programs, the 
     Secretary of Defense should--
       (A) carefully consider where the senior Department of 
     Defense official responsible for developmental test and 
     evaluation is located within the organizational structure of 
     the Office of the Secretary of Defense; and
       (B) ensure that such official has sufficient authority and 
     resources to provide oversight and policy direction on 
     developmental test and evaluation Department of Defense-wide.

     SEC. 933. REPORT ON OFFICE OF CORROSION POLICY AND OVERSIGHT.

       (a) Report Required.--Not later than 90 days after the date 
     of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall 
     submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and 
     the House of Representatives a report--
       (1) evaluating the continued need for the Office of 
     Corrosion Policy and Oversight; and
       (2) containing a recommendation regarding whether to retain 
     or terminate the Office.
       (b) Assessment.--As part of the report required by 
     subsection (a), the Secretary of Defense shall conduct an 
     assessment to determine whether there is duplication in 
     matters relating to corrosion prevention and control and 
     mitigation of corrosion of the military equipment and 
     infrastructure of the Department of Defense between the 
     Office of Corrosion Policy and Oversight and other elements 
     of the Department, including, in particular, the Corrosion 
     Control and Prevention Executives of the military 
     departments.
       (c) Recommendation.--If the report required by subsection 
     (a) includes a recommendation to terminate the Office of 
     Corrosion Policy and Oversight, the Secretary of Defense 
     shall include recommendations for such additional 
     authorities, if any, for the military departments and the 
     Armed Forces as the Secretary considers appropriate to ensure 
     the proper discharge by the Department of Defense of 
     functions relating to corrosion prevention and control and 
     mitigation of corrosion in the absence of the Office.

                       Subtitle D--Other Matters

     SEC. 941. COMMISSION ON THE NATIONAL DEFENSE STRATEGY FOR THE 
                   UNITED STATES.

       (a) Extension of Deadlines for Reporting and Briefing 
     Requirements.--Section 942(e) of the National Defense 
     Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328; 
     130 Stat. 2368) is amended--
       (1) in paragraph (1), by striking ``December 1, 2017'' and 
     inserting ``July 1, 2018''; and
       (2) in paragraph (2), by striking ``June 1, 2017'' and 
     inserting ``March 1, 2018''.
       (b) Treatment of Commission.--Section 942 of the National 
     Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 
     114-328; 130 Stat. 2368) is amended by adding at the end the 
     following new subsection:
       ``(h) Legislative Advisory Committee.--The Commission shall 
     operate as a legislative advisory committee and shall not be 
     subject to the provisions of the Federal Advisory Committee 
     Act (Public Law 92-463; 5 U.S.C. App.) or section 552b of 
     title 5, United States Code (commonly known as the Government 
     in the Sunshine Act).''.

                      TITLE X--GENERAL PROVISIONS

                     Subtitle A--Financial Matters

Sec. 1001. General transfer authority.
Sec. 1002. Consolidation, codification, and improvement of certain 
              authorities and requirements in connection with the audit 
              of the financial statements of the Department of Defense.
Sec. 1003. Improper payment matters.
Sec. 1004. Rankings of auditability of financial statements of the 
              organizations and elements of the Department of Defense.
Sec. 1005. Financial operations dashboard for the Department of 
              Defense.
Sec. 1006. Review and recommendations on efforts to obtain audit 
              opinion on full financial statements.
Sec. 1007. Notification requirement for certain contracts for audit 
              services.

                   Subtitle B--Counterdrug Activities

Sec. 1011. Extension of authority to support a unified counterdrug and 
              counterterrorism campaign in Colombia.
Sec. 1012. Venue for prosecution of maritime drug trafficking.

                Subtitle C--Naval Vessels and Shipyards

Sec. 1021. National Defense Sealift Fund.
Sec. 1022. Use of National Sea-Based Deterrence Fund for multiyear 
              procurement of certain critical components.
Sec. 1023. Operational readiness of littoral combat ships on extended 
              deployment.
Sec. 1024. Availability of funds for retirement or inactivation of 
              Ticonderoga-class cruisers or dock landing ships.
Sec. 1025. Policy of the United States on minimum number of battle 
              force ships.
Sec. 1026. Surveying ships.

                      Subtitle D--Counterterrorism

Sec. 1031. Modification of authority on support of special operations 
              to combat terrorism.
Sec. 1032. Termination of requirement to submit annual budget 
              justification display for Department of Defense combating 
              terrorism program.
Sec. 1033. Prohibition on use of funds for transfer or release of 
              individuals detained at United States Naval Station, 
              Guantanamo Bay, Cuba to the United States.
Sec. 1034. Prohibition on use of funds to construct or modify 
              facilities in the United States to house detainees 
              transferred from United States Naval Station, Guantanamo 
              Bay, Cuba.
Sec. 1035. Prohibition on use of funds for transfer or release of 
              individuals detained at United States Naval Station, 
              Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, to certain countries.
Sec. 1036. Prohibition on use of funds to close or relinquish control 
              of United States Naval Station, Guantanamo Bay, Cuba.
Sec. 1037. Sense of Congress regarding providing for timely victim and 
              family testimony in military commission trials.
Sec. 1038. Report on public availability of military commissions 
              proceedings.

         Subtitle E--Miscellaneous Authorities and Limitations

Sec. 1041. Limitation on expenditure of funds for emergency and 
              extraordinary expenses for intelligence and counter-
              intelligence activities.
Sec. 1042. Matters relating to the submittal of future-years defense 
              programs.
Sec. 1043. Modifications to humanitarian demining assistance 
              authorities.
Sec. 1044. Prohibition on charge of certain tariffs on aircraft 
              traveling through channel routes.
Sec. 1045. Prohibition on lobbying activities with respect to the 
              Department of Defense by certain officers of the Armed 
              Forces and civilian employees of the Department following 
              separation from military service or employment with the 
              Department.
Sec. 1046. Prohibition on use of funds for retirement of legacy 
              maritime mine countermeasures platforms.
Sec. 1047. Report on western Pacific Ocean ship depot maintenance 
              capability and capacity.
Sec. 1048. Annual training regarding the influence campaign of the 
              Russian Federation.
Sec. 1049. Workforce issues for military realignments in the Pacific.

                    Subtitle F--Studies and Reports

Sec. 1051. Elimination of reporting requirements terminated after 
              November 25, 2017, pursuant to section 1080 of the 
              National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2016.
Sec. 1052. Report on transfer of defense articles to units committing 
              gross violations of human rights.
Sec. 1053. Report on the National Biodefense Analysis and 
              Countermeasures Center.
Sec. 1054. Report on Department of Defense Arctic capability and 
              resource gaps and required infrastructure.
Sec. 1055. Review and assessment of Department of Defense personnel 
              recovery and nonconventional assisted recovery 
              mechanisms.
Sec. 1056. Mine warfare readiness inspection plan and report.
Sec. 1057. Annual report on civilian casualties in connection with 
              United States military operations.
Sec. 1058. Report on Joint Pacific Alaska Range Complex modernization.
Sec. 1059. Report on alternatives to aqueous film forming foam.
Sec. 1060. Assessment of global force posture.

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Sec. 1061. Army modernization strategy.
Sec. 1062. Report on Army plan to improve operational unit readiness by 
              reducing number of non-deployable soldiers assigned to 
              operational units.
Sec. 1063. Efforts to combat physiological episodes on certain Navy 
              aircraft.
Sec. 1064. Studies on aircraft inventories for the Air Force.
Sec. 1065. Department of Defense review of Navy capabilities in the 
              Arctic region.
Sec. 1066. Comprehensive review of maritime intelligence, surveillance, 
              reconnaissance, and targeting capabilities.
Sec. 1067. Report on the need for a Joint Chemical-Biological Defense 
              Logistics Center.
Sec. 1068. Missile Technology Control Regime Category I unmanned aerial 
              vehicle sy