PERSECUTION OF CHRISTIANS; Congressional Record Vol. 163, No. 112
(House of Representatives - June 29, 2017)

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                       PERSECUTION OF CHRISTIANS

  The SPEAKER pro tempore. Under the Speaker's announced policy of 
January 3, 2017, the Chair recognizes the gentleman from Texas (Mr. 
Poe) for 30 minutes.
  Mr. POE of Texas. Mr. Speaker, tonight I want to talk about 
persecution, worldwide, of people of the Christian faith. We don't hear 
much about Christian persecution through world media, and I think it is 
important that Americans understand that persecution of minority 
religious groups throughout the world continues, and especially 
continues against Christians.
  Each month, Mr. Speaker, 332 Christians are killed, 214 churches are 
destroyed, and 772 forms of violence are committed against Christians. 
Once again, every month, 332 Christians are killed, 214 churches are 
destroyed, and 772 forms of violence are committed against individuals 
of the Christian faith.
  In 2013, Christians faced persecution in 102 out of 190 countries. 
For the second year in a row, Christians are the most persecuted 
religious group in the entire world.
  In 2016, 90,000 Christians were killed for their faith worldwide. In 
2016, roughly 600 million people were prevented from practicing their 
faith through intimidation, forced conversions, bodily harm, or even 
death. Many Christians are brutally murdered simply for their belief in 
  Oppression is not limited to Christians worldwide. Religious 
minorities throughout the world are restricted in their practices or 
persecuted for their beliefs. Eighty-two countries, worldwide, require 
people in minority religious groups in that country to register with 
the government, while 99 countries restrict their practicing of 
  Here are the top 10 Christian persecution countries in the world.
  It is no surprise that North Korea is number one on the hit list that 
wants to punish and persecute Christians. Little Kim takes delight in 
torturing people, especially people of religious beliefs, including 
Christians. Christians are often sent to prison camps for just owning a 
Bible. Those Bibles are smuggled in through other countries, but 
generally they come from South Korea.
  Approximately 80,000 to 120,000 are imprisoned in labor camps for 
their religious beliefs. That is 80,000 to 120,000 people are in prison 
camps, labor camps, because of their religion in little Kim's 
dictatorship of North Korea.

  So, number one is North Korea. I will give you the other nine, Mr. 
  Somalia is number two; number three is Afghanistan; Pakistan is 
number four; Sudan is number five. Of the 10 worst countries for 
Christian persecution, number six, no surprise, is Syria. Iraq is 
number seven; Iran is number eight; Yemen is number nine; and Eritrea 
is number 10 of the top 10 countries that persecute Christians for 
simply believing in the Christian faith.
  The Pew Research Council says 95 percent of the countries in the 
Middle East and North Africa have instances of government harassment or 
use of force against religious groups; 75 percent had instances of 
government harassment against even Muslims, people that believe 
differently than the government faith.
  In Asia, there has been an uptick in persecution by governments in 
Islamic extremism. Christians in this region are targeted by national 
religious movements--the Muslim, the Hindu, and the Buddhist--in 
countries like Pakistan, India, and Myanmar. Christians around the 
world routinely face blasphemy laws for simply speaking about their 
  A country that I haven't mentioned yet is Communist Vietnam. Yes, Mr. 
Speaker, whether we leave off that phrase Communist Vietnam, they are 
still a communist country, an atheistic country. New laws led by the 
government punish anyone who dares to practice their religion or speak 
out against the authoritarian regime.
  New laws are being used to crack down on citizens' basic human right 
of the right to believe and practice their religion. New rounds of 
arrests this year are proof.
  Human Rights Watch says 110 people are prisoners of conscience or 
imprisoned in harsh conditions after unfair trials. These prisoners are 
not criminals, but the government thinks they are criminals because 
they practice their religion. They are advocates for human rights and 
social justice. They are pastors and priests. They are in jail for 
believing in the Almighty. Pastor Nguyen Cong Chinh has been in prison 
in Vietnam since 2011.

                              {time}  1900

  Mr. Speaker, I might add here that prisons in Vietnam haven't changed 
much over the years. It is still a Communist country, and when you go 
to jail in Vietnam, you are in a prison like no other. Those prisons 
still exist, and they house people because the government puts people 
of Christian faith in jail.
  Pastor Nguyen has been tortured and beaten. He has no contact with 
his family. They give him food, and they make fun of him because in the 
food they give him, they break up glass and put the glass in that food.
  He is being held in solitary confinement, and all because he took a 
stand for Christianity and he told officials--and he told officials 
from the United States--about his treatment in jail. The security 
officials not only give him physical torture, they give him mental 
torture as well.
  His wife has also suffered for her faith. Last year, she was beaten 
and jailed while peacefully campaigning for religious freedom.
  You see, Mr. Speaker, when they go out in Vietnam and advocate the 
human right of religious freedom, the Government of Vietnam persecutes

[[Page H5369]]

them for that--beats them, tortures them, and puts them in jail. 
Americans need to be aware of what is taking place in this country and 
  His wife suffered for her faith, but she continued to preach the word 
even against this evil injustice.
  Even to this day, the Vietnamese Communists harass her as well as her 
husband who is incarcerated.
  Indonesia is the world's largest Muslim majority nation. But there 
are communities of Hindus and Christians and Buddhists. These three 
groups of religious individuals are persecuted because they are not the 
faith of the government.
  There is an alarming shift in tolerance. Indonesia used to claim and 
be, to some extent, tolerant of other religious faiths other than the 
Muslim faith. They were proud of that. But there is a shift in the 
government to not tolerate religious minorities.
  Recently, the governor of Jakarta was sentenced to prison for 2 years 
for blasphemy against the Muslim faith. His charge is based on 
statements the governor made about the Koran that were seen as 
offensive to Islam, therefore offensive to the government, and there he 
goes, off to jail in Indonesia.
  Religious tolerance and free speech is being lost, while in Indonesia 
hard line Islamic forces are encouraging this persecution.
  Pakistan. Pakistan is a country I have talked about frequently on 
this House floor, but Pakistan churches have been bombed and people 
have been killed.
  In one town, a 14-year-old Christian boy, because he was a Christian, 
was beaten and set on fire. Persecution of the young. Persecution of 
the elderly. All because of their religious faith.
  In Pakistan, Pakistan not only persecutes Christians, they persecute 
other Muslims who don't agree with the government position on Islam, 
including the Murji'ah.
  In the Middle East, Egypt has recently come under scrutiny because of 
the increase in attacks from Islamic extremists who target Christians.
  In May, gunmen forced Coptic Christian pilgrims from buses, took them 
out of the buses, and executed 28 of them because they were Coptic 
  Palm Sunday this year, twin bombings on Christian churches in Egypt 
killed almost 50 people. A man cloaked in explosives snuck through 
security and detonated his bomb, killing 28 and wounding 70.
  At the same time, another suicide bomber attacked St. Mark's Church 
in Alexandria, Egypt, killing another 17 people, and injuring scores 
  Over a 3-day period in 2013, Coptic Christians experienced the worst 
attack against their churches in 700 years in Egypt. Forty churches 
were destroyed, and more than 100 other sites were severely damaged.
  One boy was beaten to death for wearing a cross around his neck. He 
is walking down the street, he has got a cross around his neck, and, lo 
and behold, he is attacked, beaten to death because of his religious 
  Tens of thousands of Coptic Christians have fled the country. Well, 
no kidding. They are leaving because their lives depend on it.
  ISIS has decimated ancient Christian communities in the Middle East 
as well. We have this issue of governments persecuting Christians or 
allowing persecution to exist. But alongside this, we have this 
terrorist group ISIS that it is part of their mission wherever they are 
in the world to kill people who don't agree with their religion. And, 
of course, that includes Christians as well.
  In Iraq, before there was ISIS, there were approximately 300,000 
Christians who lived in Iraq. No one knows how many remain today, but 
hundreds of thousands have left the country or been killed.
  In Mosul, for example, 10 years ago, about 35,000 Christians lived in 
Mosul--10 years ago. Now there are 20, maybe 30 Christians. They have 
been killed, tortured, or fled the country.
  ISIS' campaign to destroy historic sites and monuments of Christians 
is now something that the world media is talking about. ISIS destroyed 
the monastery of St. Elijah outside Mosul. This monastery stood there 
in Mosul for 1,400 years, and here comes the terrorist group ISIS that 
tears it down because it is a site where Christians practiced 
  ISIS has been so fervent in their killing of Christians that this 
House even passed legislation stating that ISIS is committing genocide 
against Christians. And they are.
  So you got ISIS in different parts of the world. One of their goals 
is to kill religious folks who disagree with them, especially 
Christians. And to some extent, they have been very successful at that.
  When we talk about destroying and eliminating ISIS, we need to 
remember that we will eliminate their genocide against Christians as 
well, if we destroy ISIS.
  In Iran, Open Doors USA ranked the persecution level of Christians in 
Iran as extreme. Religious police move about the city kind of like the 
Gestapo, and when they suspect Christians are gathering for worship, 
they raid the homes, arrest the leaders, and destroy Bibles. That is 
what the religious police, the Gestapo police as I call them, in Iran 
  Iranians who come to study in the United States and become a 
Christian, they can't go back to Iran. They go back to Iran, Iran puts 
them in jail, and they suddenly disappear. Converts to Christianity 
face charges of apostasy and possible death sentences if they ever 
return. People who become Christians in Iran, who make that choice as a 
believer, also know that their days are numbered in Iran if the 
religious police catch them.
  In Libya, the Islamic State captured and beheaded 21 people because 
they were Christians. I don't think that we should be insensitive to 
this act of beheading folks altogether because of their religious 
faith. We shouldn't be insensitive because it continues on in Libya as 
  In Libya, where they murdered the 21 people, the victims' families 
wanted to build a church in their honor. Well, as they were building 
the church, they were beaten by people who were of the Muslim faith to 
make sure that that church did not exist. And that is Libya.
  In Syria, the head of the Franciscans in the Middle East has reported 
that of the 4,000 inhabitants of the village of Ghassanieh, no more 
than 10 people remain in that town, and they have been killed by 
Assad's thugs and the militant groups like ISIS. Christians have really 
got it bad in Syria because everybody is after them. You got ISIS that 
is after them, and then you got Assad the dictator, the brutal 
dictator, he kills them as well.
  Moving on, I want to mention Russia. Russia seems to be something 
everybody wants to talk about. Why don't we talk about Russia and what 
they are doing to Christians today.
  I went to the Soviet Union back in the 1980s, when it was the Soviet 
Union. The Soviet Union persecuted people who were religious at all. I 
mean, if you owned a Bible, you are going to jail. If you tried to 
worship, you are going to jail. They constantly did that under the 
Soviet regime of people of any religious faith. Primarily it was 
Orthodox Christians, and it was also Jews.
  The wall came down, and now we have Putin in charge. The world needs 
to understand that Putin is moving in the direction of persecuting 
people of religious beliefs just like when he was a member of the KGB 
under the Soviet Union. Putin. I call him the Napoleon of Siberia. So 
what are they doing?
  Well, they are starting out with laws requiring missionaries to have 
a permit, and they make house churches illegal. What is a house church? 
A house church is where two or three are gathered together in a house 
in the Lord's name and try to worship. You can't do that. That is 
against the law.
  If you are going to worship, you have to get a permit to worship in a 
structured building, and only certain religious groups get a permit to 
even practice any religion. That is difficult in itself. So you have to 
be in a structured building approved by the government, and that 
particular denomination or religious faith has to have a permit to do 
  If you are in Russia, you cannot practice religion online. You know, 
that online happens all over the world except if you are in Russia, you 
are not going to be able to promote any type of religion or you are 
going to jail. This is the greatest threat to Christianity in Russia 
since the Soviet days. We haven't heard much about that. We

[[Page H5370]]

have heard other things, but this is something that we need to be aware 
of, the persecution of people because of religious faith.
  One of my daughters recently went to Russia, and she experienced and 
saw this very thing that I am talking about. No home church worship 
services, only structured buildings where you have the Russian police 
watching what takes place. So they are moving in a direction like they 
were under the Soviet days of persecuting people who have religious 
  Putin is taking Khrushchev's--I am older than you are, Mr. Speaker. I 
remember when Khrushchev was here. He made the comment when he was the 
dictator of the Soviet Union that Christianity will never exist in the 
Soviet Union. It cannot. I don't think it can be legislated out, but 
Khrushchev was determined to make sure that Christianity and other 
religious faiths did not exist in the Soviet Union. Of course, I 
believe it will continue whether or not Christians are persecuted 
  Mr. Speaker, how much time do I have left?
  The SPEAKER pro tempore. The gentleman has 12 minutes remaining.
  Mr. POE of Texas. Mr. Speaker, I have always thought that people from 
Texas should get more time because we talk slower, and might even think 
slower. But, anyway, I appreciate the 12 minutes, and I will use it.
  Mr. Speaker, I am a cosponsor, and other Members are cosponsors, of a 
bill that will provide expedited visa protection and processing for 
Christians and Yazidi refugees from the Middle East. They are targets 
of genocide in Iraq, Syria, Pakistan, Iran, and Libya, and we hope to 
expedite visas for those people who are trying to flee religious 
  Hopefully, the President of the United States will address the issues 
of human rights violations in Vietnam. Members of Congress, including 
myself, have asked the President to address this when he deals with the 
country of Vietnam.
  And, of course, there is other legislation sponsored by Mr. Trent 
Franks from Arizona which calls upon the U.S. to use its influence in 
the United Nations to condemn the ongoing sexual violence against women 
and children of religious faith.
  These young women and girls are being sexually assaulted because of 
their religious faith or their religious beliefs. A lot of that is 
being done by ISIS.

                              {time}  1915

  Mr. Speaker, just a couple of other things.
  Watchdog groups report that each month 332 Christians are killed by 
their faith and 214 churches and Christian properties are destroyed. Of 
course Christians, like other religious minorities, have been 
persecuted for years. A little history is in order here, Mr. Speaker.
  In this country, we have religious freedom. We are a nation that 
believes that all people should have religious freedom.
  When our Forefathers got together and they declared independence from 
Great Britain, which we will celebrate next Tuesday, and they got 
together and they wrote the Constitution, they added 10 Amendments to 
the Constitution.
  The First Amendment of the Constitution is not first by accident. It 
is first because it is the most important of all rights, and there are 
five rights in the First Amendment. The first right in the First 
Amendment is the most important right. Here is what it is, and I will 
read just a portion of the Constitution, Mr. Speaker: ``Congress shall 
make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the 
free exercise thereof.''
  Religious freedom is the number one right of Americans. It doesn't 
just say to believe what you want to believe. It says you have the 
right to practice it, to get out there and practice it, even in public, 
number one.
  Number two, ``Congress shall make no law . . . prohibiting the free 
exercise thereof; or abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press, 
or the right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to petition the 
government for a redress. . . .''
  There are five rights in the First Amendment. The first one: 
religious freedom.
  Many, many people came to this new world seeking religious freedom. 
That is why they came here, primarily Christian religious freedom. They 
were being persecuted in Europe. They came to the United States and 
made sure that we do not persecute people of religious faith.
  The opposite is true. It is a right. I feel very strongly, as I think 
most people do, that it is the first right, and it is the most 
important right. And it is a human right. It is not just a right for 
Americans. It is a right for all people.
  People in Syria, Iran, North Korea, Yemen, and all those countries I 
mentioned, those people--who we don't know who they are--have the 
right, the human right, of religious freedom. That is a basic right of 
all people everywhere. I hope that we as a people encourage other 
people and governments throughout the world: Let folks worship the way 
they want to worship because it is a human right, and, I believe, that 
we have gotten it from the Almighty.
  And the last thing I would comment on is we need to be careful in 
this country that we don't end up persecuting by legislation or by the 
judiciary, infringing upon the First Amendment, the first right, of the 
free exercise of religion. That is a story for another day, Mr. 
  So, as we get close to the Fourth of July, the Declaration of 
Independence--our ancestors got together and said they wanted freedom, 
and they pledged to themselves and to others their sacred honor. Many 
of them lost everything, the war between us and England, the biggest 
and most powerful empire that had ever existed. It took over 7 years, 
but it was worth it.
  That is why the Fourth of July is important, because it is a 
declaration of independence. And it is also, as Thomas Jefferson said 
in the Declaration of Independence, a statement of human rights--life, 
liberty, and the pursuit of happiness, and that governments are 
instituted among men to secure those rights.
  Mr. Speaker, on the Fourth of July, we need to remember our country, 
remember the people who lived here and gave us this country, and it is 
our job to make sure we keep it.
  And that is just the way it is.
  Mr. Speaker, I yield back the balance of my time.