TEXT OF AMENDMENTS; Congressional Record Vol. 164, No. 124
(Senate - July 24, 2018)

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[Pages S5273-S5311]
From the Congressional Record Online through the Government Publishing Office [www.gpo.gov]




                           TEXT OF AMENDMENTS

  SA 3409. Mr. SCHATZ (for himself, Ms. Hirono, and Mr. Young) 
submitted an amendment intended to be proposed to amendment SA 3399 
proposed by Mr. Shelby to the bill H.R. 6147, making appropriations for 
the Department of the Interior, environment, and related agencies for 
the fiscal year ending September 30, 2019, and for other purposes; 
which was ordered to lie on the table; as follows:

       At the appropriate place in division D, insert the 
     following:
       Sec. __.  Of the funds made available for the Department of 
     Housing and Urban Development under the heading ``research 
     and technology'' under the heading ``Policy Development and 
     Research'', $1,000,000 shall be available to provide 
     technical assistance for temporary and permanent housing 
     assistance to communities impacted by a major disaster 
     declaration under the Robert T. Stafford Disaster Relief and 
     Emergency Assistance Act (42 U.S.C. 5121 et seq.) resulting 
     from flooding, an earthquake, or a volcanic event in 2018.
                                 ______
                                 
  SA 3410. Ms. HIRONO submitted an amendment intended to be proposed to 
amendment SA 3399 proposed by Mr. Shelby to the bill H.R. 6147, making 
appropriations for the Department of the Interior, environment, and 
related agencies for the fiscal year ending September 30, 2019, and for 
other purposes; which was ordered to lie on the table; as follows:

       At the appropriate place in division D, insert the 
     following:
       Sec. ___.  In carrying out a land management activity on 
     Federal land under the jurisdiction of the Secretary of 
     Agriculture, including maintenance and restoration in 
     response to degradation caused by human activity or natural 
     events (such as fire, flood, or infestation), to the extent 
     practicable, the Secretary of Agriculture shall give 
     preference to the use of locally adapted native plant 
     materials.
                                 ______
                                 
  SA 3411. Ms. HIRONO submitted an amendment intended to be proposed to 
amendment SA 3399 proposed by Mr. Shelby to the bill H.R. 6147, making 
appropriations for the Department of the Interior, environment, and 
related agencies for the fiscal year ending September 30, 2019, and for 
other purposes; which was ordered to lie on the table; as follows:

       At the end of title IV of division A, add the following:


   use of locally adapted native plant materials in land management 
                       activities on federal land

       Sec. 43__. To complement the implementation by the Bureau 
     of Land Management of a National Seed Strategy to improve 
     seed supplies for restoring healthy and productive native 
     plant communities, the Secretary of the Interior shall give 
     preference, to the maximum extent practicable, to the use of 
     locally adapted native plant materials in carrying out a land 
     management activity on Federal land, including maintenance 
     and restoration activities carried out in response to 
     degradation caused by human activity or natural events, such 
     as fire, flood, or infestation.
                                 ______
                                 
  SA 3412. Mr. JONES submitted an amendment intended to be proposed to 
amendment SA 3399 proposed by Mr. Shelby to the bill H.R. 6147, making 
appropriations for the Department of the Interior, environment, and 
related agencies for the fiscal year ending September 30, 2019, and for 
other purposes; which was ordered to lie on the table; as follows:

       On page 17, line 4, strike ``$88,910,000'' and insert 
     ``$91,910,000''.
       On page 17, line 14, strike ``$5,000,000'' and insert 
     ``$8,000,000''.
       On page 40, line 7, strike ``$134,673,000'' and insert 
     ``$137,673,000''.
                                 ______
                                 
  SA 3413. Mr. UDALL (for himself, Mr. Roberts, Mr. Bennet, Mr. Moran, 
Mr. Heinrich, and Mr. Gardner) submitted an amendment intended to be 
proposed to amendment SA 3399 proposed by Mr. Shelby to the bill H.R. 
6147, making appropriations for the Department of the Interior, 
environment, and related agencies for the fiscal year ending September 
30, 2019, and for other purposes; which was ordered to lie on the 
table; as follows:

       On page 464, line 24, strike ``regulation.'' and insert the 
     following: ``regulation: Provided further, That not less than 
     $50,000,000 of the amount provided under this heading shall 
     be available for capital expenses related to safety 
     improvements, maintenance, and the non-Federal match for 
     discretionary Federal grant programs to enable continued 
     passenger rail operations on long-distance routes (as defined 
     in section 24102 of title 49, United States Code) on which 
     Amtrak is the sole tenant of the host railroad and positive 
     train control systems are not required by law (including 
     regulations): Provided further, That prior to altering or 
     canceling Amtrak rail service on the National Network (as 
     defined in section 24102 of title 49, United States Code), 
     Amtrak shall thoroughly consult with affected communities 
     with the goal of maintaining rail connectivity and service as 
     intended by Congress, including offering opportunities for 
     public input through a notice and comment process.''.

                                 ______
                                 
  SA 3414. Mr. UDALL (for himself, Mr. Roberts, Mr. Bennet, Mr. Moran, 
Mr. Heinrich, and Mr. Gardner) submitted an amendment intended to be 
proposed to amendment SA 3399 proposed by Mr. Shelby to the bill H.R. 
6147, making appropriations for the Department of the Interior, 
environment, and related agencies for the fiscal year ending September 
30, 2019, and for other purposes; which was ordered to lie on the 
table; as follows:

       At the appropriate place in title I of division D, insert 
     the following:
       Sec. 1__.  It is the sense of Congress that--
       (1) long-distance passenger rail routes provide much-needed 
     transportation access for 4,700,000,000 riders in 325 
     communities in 40 States and are particularly important in 
     rural areas; and
       (2) long-distance passenger rail routes and services should 
     be sustained to ensure connectivity throughout the National 
     Network (as defined in section 24102 of title 49, United 
     States Code).
                                 ______
                                 
  SA 3415. Mrs. ERNST submitted an amendment intended to be proposed to 
amendment SA 3399 proposed by Mr. Shelby to the bill H.R. 6147, making 
appropriations for the Department of the Interior, environment, and 
related agencies for the fiscal year ending September 30, 2019, and for 
other purposes; which was ordered to lie on the table; as follows:

       On page 84, lines 17 and 18, strike ``and conducting an 
     international program as authorized, $333,990,000'' and 
     insert ``$324,990,000''.
       On page 93, strike lines 7 through 23.
                                 ______
                                 
  SA 3416. Mr. CARDIN submitted an amendment intended to be proposed by 
him to the bill H.R. 6147, making appropriations for the Department of 
the Interior, environment, and related agencies for the fiscal year 
ending September 30, 2019, and for other purposes; which was ordered to 
lie on the table; as follows:

       At the appropriate place, insert the following:
       Sec. __.  It is the sense of the Senate that the 
     Administrator of the Small Business Administration should 
     increase the loan limit for the Community Advantage Pilot 
     Program of the Small Business Administration, which helps to 
     provide loans under section 7(a) of the Small Business Act 
     (15 U.S.C. 636(a)) to underserved markets, from $250,000 to 
     $350,000.
                                 ______
                                 
  SA 3417. Mr. CARDIN (for himself and Mrs. Feinstein) submitted an 
amendment intended to be proposed to

[[Page S5274]]

amendment SA 3399 proposed by Mr. Shelby to the bill H.R. 6147, making 
appropriations for the Department of the Interior, environment, and 
related agencies for the fiscal year ending September 30, 2019, and for 
other purposes; which was ordered to lie on the table; as follows:

       In section 531, strike ``10'' and insert ``15''.
                                 ______
                                 
  SA 3418. Mr. CARDIN submitted an amendment intended to be proposed by 
him to the bill H.R. 6147, making appropriations for the Department of 
the Interior, environment, and related agencies for the fiscal year 
ending September 30, 2019, and for other purposes; which was ordered to 
lie on the table; as follows:

       At the appropriate place, insert the following:
       Sec. __.  The Administrator of the Small Business 
     Administration shall--
       (1) work with Federal agencies to ensure that each Office 
     of Small and Disadvantaged Business Utilization achieves 
     compliance with the requirements under section 15(k) of the 
     Small Business Act (15 U.S.C. 644(k)); and
       (2) not later than 180 days after the date of enactment of 
     this Act--
       (A) submit to the Committee on Small Business and 
     Entrepreneurship and the Committee on Appropriations of the 
     Senate and the Committee on Small Business and the Committee 
     on Appropriations of the House of Representatives a report on 
     Federal agency compliance with the requirements under such 
     section 15(k); and
       (B) issue detailed guidance for the peer review process of 
     the Small Business Procurement Advisory Council in order to 
     facilitate a more in depth review of Federal agency 
     compliance with the requirements under such section 15(k).
                                 ______
                                 
  SA 3419. Mr. CARDIN submitted an amendment intended to be proposed by 
him to the bill H.R. 6147, making appropriations for the Department of 
the Interior, environment, and related agencies for the fiscal year 
ending September 30, 2019, and for other purposes; which was ordered to 
lie on the table; as follows:

       At the appropriate place, insert the following:
       Sec. __. (a) In this section, the terms ``agency'' and 
     ``small entity'' have the meanings given those terms in 
     section 211 of the Small Business Regulatory Enforcement 
     Fairness Act of 1996 (5 U.S.C. 601 note).
       (b) Not later than 1 year after the date of enactment of 
     this Act, the Comptroller General of the United States shall 
     conduct a study and submit to the Committee on Small Business 
     and Entrepreneurship and the Committee on Appropriations of 
     the Senate and the Committee on Small Business and the 
     Committee on Appropriations of the House of Representatives a 
     report assessing the quality of agency compliance with 
     sections 212 and 213 of the Small Business Regulatory 
     Enforcement Fairness Act of 1996 (5 U.S.C. 601 note), which 
     shall include--
       (1) the extent to which agencies comply with each of the 
     requirements under such section 212;
       (2) the extent to which agencies comply with each of the 
     requirements under such section 213, including a summary of 
     the scope of compliance programs of agencies to assist small 
     entities, the number of small entities using each such 
     program, and the achievements of each such program in 
     assisting small entity compliance with agency regulations; 
     and
       (3) recommendations for best practices for agencies to 
     address small business regulatory concerns and improve 
     customer service.
                                 ______
                                 
  SA 3420. Mr. CARDIN submitted an amendment intended to be proposed by 
him to the bill H.R. 6147, making appropriations for the Department of 
the Interior, environment, and related agencies for the fiscal year 
ending September 30, 2019, and for other purposes; which was ordered to 
lie on the table; as follows:

       At the appropriate place, insert the following:

     SEC. ___. SIZE STANDARDS FOR SMALL BUSINESS CONCERNS.

       (a) Calculation on the Basis of Annual Average Gross 
     Receipts.--Section 3(a)(2)(C)(ii)(II) of the Small Business 
     Act (15 U.S.C. 632(a)(2)(C)(ii)(II)) is amended by striking 
     ``over a period of not less than 3 years'' and inserting ``, 
     which shall be calculated by using the 3 lowest annual 
     average gross receipts of the business concern during the 
     preceding 5-year period''.
       (b) Regulations.--Not later than 18 months after the date 
     of enactment of this Act, the Administrator of the Small 
     Business Administration shall promulgate regulations as 
     necessary to implement the amendment made by subsection (a).
                                 ______
                                 
  SA 3421. Mr. WHITEHOUSE submitted an amendment intended to be 
proposed by him to the bill H.R. 6147, making appropriations for the 
Department of the Interior, environment, and related agencies for the 
fiscal year ending September 30, 2019, and for other purposes; which 
was ordered to lie on the table; as follows:

       At the appropriate place, insert the following:
       Sec. ___.  Not later than 180 days after the date of 
     enactment of this Act, the Financial Crimes Enforcement 
     Network and the appropriate divisions of the Department of 
     the Treasury shall submit to Congress a report on any 
     Geographic Targeting Orders issued since 2016, including--
       (1) the type of data collected;
       (2) how the Financial Crimes Enforcement Network uses the 
     data;
       (3) whether the Financial Crimes Enforcement Network needs 
     more authority to combat money laundering through high-end 
     real estate; and
       (4) how a record of beneficial ownership would improve and 
     assist law enforcement efforts to investigate and prosecute 
     criminal activity and prevent the use of shell companies to 
     facilitate money laundering, tax evasion, terrorism 
     financing, election fraud, and other illegal activity.
                                 ______
                                 
  SA 3422. Ms. COLLINS (for Mr. Durbin (for himself and Mr. Wicker)) 
proposed an amendment to amendment SA 3399 proposed by Mr. Shelby to 
the bill H.R. 6147, making appropriations for the Department of the 
Interior, environment, and related agencies for the fiscal year ending 
September 30, 2019, and for other purposes; as follows:

       In the matter under the heading ``salaries and expenses'' 
     under the heading ``Office of Inspector General'' under the 
     heading ``National Railroad Passenger Corporation'' in title 
     III of division D, in the fourth proviso, strike 
     ``Government.'' and insert the following: ``Government: 
     Provided further, That not later than 240 days after the date 
     of enactment of this Act, the Inspector General shall update 
     the report entitled `Effects of Amtrak's Poor On-Time 
     Performance', numbered CR-2008-047, and dated March 28, 2008, 
     and make the updated report publicly available.''.
                                 ______
                                 
  SA 3423. Mr. GARDNER (for himself and Mr. Daines) submitted an 
amendment intended to be proposed by him to the bill H.R. 6147, making 
appropriations for the Department of the Interior, environment, and 
related agencies for the fiscal year ending September 30, 2019, and for 
other purposes; which was ordered to lie on the table; as follows:

       At the end of title IV of division A, add the following:


expansion of certain authorities of the healthy forests restoration act 
              of 2003 to fire regime iv and fire regime v

       Sec. 43__.  (a) Section 101 of the Healthy Forests 
     Restoration Act of 2003 (16 U.S.C. 6511) is amended--
       (1) by redesignating paragraphs (11) through (16) as 
     paragraphs (13) through (18), respectively; and
       (2) by inserting after paragraph (10) the following:
       ``(11) Fire regime iv.--The term `fire regime IV' means an 
     area--
       ``(A) in which historically there are stand replacement 
     severity fires with a frequency of 35 through 100 years; and
       ``(B) that may be located in any vegetation type.
       ``(12) Fire regime v.--The term `fire regime V' means an 
     area--
       ``(A) in which historically there are stand replacement 
     severity fires with a frequency of 200 years; and
       ``(B) that may be located in any vegetation type.''.
       (b) Section 102(a)(3) of the Healthy Forests Restoration 
     Act of 2003 (16 U.S.C. 6512(a)(3)) is amended by striking 
     ``or fire regime III'' and inserting ``fire regime III, fire 
     regime IV, or fire regime V''.
       (c) Section 603(c) of the Healthy Forests Restoration Act 
     of 2003 (16 U.S.C. 6591b(c)) is amended by striking paragraph 
     (2) and inserting the following:
       ``(2) Location.--
       ``(A) Definitions.--In this paragraph, the terms `condition 
     class 2', `condition class 3', `fire regime I', `fire regime 
     II', `fire regime III', `fire regime IV', `fire regime V', 
     and `wildland-urban interface' have the meanings given those 
     terms in section 101.
       ``(B) Location.--A project under this section shall be--
       ``(i) limited to areas in the wildland-urban interface; or
       ``(ii) for projects located outside the wildland-urban 
     interface, limited to areas within condition class 2 or 
     condition class 3 in fire regime I, fire regime II, fire 
     regime III, fire regime IV, or fire regime V.''.
       (d) Section 605 of the Healthy Forests Restoration Act of 
     2003 (16 U.S.C. 6591d) is amended--
       (1) in subsection (a)--
       (A) in the matter preceding paragraph (1), by striking 
     ``Hazardous fuels reduction projects, as defined in the 
     Healthy Forests Restoration Act of 2003 (16 U.S.C. 6511(2))'' 
     and inserting ``Authorized hazardous fuel reduction projects 
     (as defined in section 101)'';
       (B) in paragraph (1), by striking ``and sections 104 and 
     105''; and
       (C) in paragraph (2), by inserting ``subject to section 
     106,'' before ``considered'';
       (2) in subsection (b)(1)(A), by striking ``to the extent'' 
     and all that follows through ``disease,''; and

[[Page S5275]]

       (3) in subsection (c)(2)--
       (A) in subparagraph (A), by striking ``Prioritized'' and 
     inserting ``prioritized'';
       (B) in subparagraph (B), by striking ``If located outside 
     the wildland-urban interface, limited to areas within 
     Condition Classes 2 or 3 in Fire Regime Groups I, II, or 
     III'' and inserting ``if located outside the wildland-urban 
     interface, limited to areas within condition class 2 or 
     condition class 3 in fire regime I, fire regime II, fire 
     regime III, fire regime IV, or fire regime V (as those terms 
     are defined in section 101)''; and
       (C) in subparagraph (C), by striking ``Limited'' and 
     inserting ``limited''.
                                 ______
                                 
  SA 3424. Mr. GARDNER (for himself, Mr. Burr, Mr. Bennet, and Mrs. 
Shaheen) submitted an amendment intended to be proposed to amendment SA 
3399 proposed by Mr. Shelby to the bill H.R. 6147, making 
appropriations for the Department of the Interior, environment, and 
related agencies for the fiscal year ending September 30, 2019, and for 
other purposes; which was ordered to lie on the table; as follows:

       At the end of title I of division A, add the following:


     permanent reauthorization of land and water conservation fund

       Sec. 1__.  (a) Section 200302 of title 54, United States 
     Code, is amended--
       (1) in subsection (b), in the matter preceding paragraph 
     (1), by striking ``During the period ending September 30, 
     2018, there'' and inserting ``There''; and
       (2) in subsection (c)(1), by striking ``through September 
     30, 2018''.
       (b) Section 200306 of title 54, United States Code, is 
     amended by adding at the end the following:
       ``(c) Public Access.--Not less than 1.5 percent of amounts 
     made available for expenditure in any fiscal year under 
     section 200303, or $10,000,000, whichever is greater, shall 
     be used for projects that secure recreational public access 
     to existing Federal public land for hunting, fishing, and 
     other recreational purposes.''.
                                 ______
                                 
  SA 3425. Mr. GARDNER submitted an amendment intended to be proposed 
by him to the bill H.R. 6147, making appropriations for the Department 
of the Interior, environment, and related agencies for the fiscal year 
ending September 30, 2019, and for other purposes; which was ordered to 
lie on the table; as follows:

       At the end of title IV of division A, add the following:


            establishment of ski area fee retention account

       Sec. 43___.  (a) Section 701 of division I of the Omnibus 
     Parks and Public Lands Management Act of 1996 (16 U.S.C. 
     497c) is amended by adding at the end the following:
       ``(k) Ski Area Fee Retention Account.--
       ``(1) Definitions.--In this subsection:
       ``(A) Account.--The term `Account' means the Ski Area Fee 
     Retention Account established under paragraph (2).
       ``(B) Covered unit.--The term `covered unit' means a 
     National Forest which collects a rental charge under this 
     section.
       ``(C) Region.--The term `Region' means a Forest Service 
     Region.
       ``(D) Rental charge.--The term `rental charge' means a 
     permit rental charge that is charged under subsection (a).
       ``(E) Secretary.--The term `Secretary' means the Secretary 
     of Agriculture.
       ``(2) Establishment.--The Secretary of the Treasury shall 
     establish in the Treasury a special account, to be known as 
     the `Ski Area Fee Retention Account', into which there shall 
     be deposited--
       ``(A) in the case of a covered unit at which not less than 
     $15,000,000 is collected by the covered unit from rental 
     charges in a fiscal year, an amount equal to 50 percent of 
     the rental charges collected at the covered unit in the 
     fiscal year; or
       ``(B) in the case of any other covered unit, an amount 
     equal to 65 percent of the rental charges collected at the 
     covered unit in a fiscal year.
       ``(3) Availability.--Subject to paragraphs (4), (5), and 
     (6), any amounts deposited in the Account under paragraph (2) 
     shall remain available for expenditure, without further 
     appropriation, until expended.
       ``(4) Local distribution of amounts in the account.--
       ``(A) In general.--Except as provided in subparagraph (B), 
     100 percent of the amounts deposited in the Account from a 
     specific covered unit shall remain available for expenditure 
     at the covered unit at which the rental charges were 
     collected.
       ``(B) Reduction.--
       ``(i) In general.--Subject to clause (ii), the Secretary 
     may reduce the percentage of amounts available to a covered 
     unit under subparagraph (A) if the Secretary determines that 
     the rental charges collected at the covered unit exceed the 
     reasonable needs of the covered unit for that fiscal year for 
     authorized expenditures described in paragraph (5)(A).
       ``(ii) Limitation.--The Secretary may not reduce the 
     percentage of amounts available under clause (i)--

       ``(I) in the case of a covered unit described in paragraph 
     (2)(A), to less than 35 percent of the amount of rental 
     charges deposited in the Account from the covered unit in a 
     fiscal year; or
       ``(II) in the case of any other covered unit, to less than 
     50 percent of the amount of rental charges deposited in the 
     Account from the covered unit in a fiscal year.

       ``(C) Transfer to other covered units.--
       ``(i) Distribution.--If the Secretary determines that the 
     percentage of amounts otherwise available to a covered unit 
     under subparagraph (A) should be reduced under subparagraph 
     (B), the Secretary may transfer to other covered units, for 
     allocation in accordance with clause (ii), the percentage of 
     the amounts withheld from the covered unit under subparagraph 
     (B), to be expended by the other covered units in accordance 
     with paragraph (5).
       ``(ii) Criteria.--In determining the allocation of amounts 
     to be transferred under clause (i) among other covered units, 
     the Secretary shall consider--

       ``(I) the number of proposals for ski area improvements in 
     the other covered units;
       ``(II) any backlog in ski area permit administration or the 
     processing of ski area proposals in the other covered units; 
     and
       ``(III) any need for services, training, staffing, or 
     streamlining programs in the other covered units or the 
     Region in which they are located that would improve the 
     administration of the Forest Service Ski Area Program.

       ``(5) Authorized expenditures.--
       ``(A) In general.--Amounts distributed from the Account to 
     a covered unit under this subsection may be used for--
       ``(i) ski area special use permit administration and 
     processing of proposals for ski area improvement projects in 
     the covered unit, including staffing and contracting for such 
     administration, process, or services through the unit or the 
     Region;
       ``(ii) any expenses that the Forest Service would have 
     otherwise applied to ski area permittees through cost 
     recovery pursuant to part 251 of title 36, Code of Federal 
     Regulations (or successor regulations);
       ``(iii) training programs on processing ski area 
     applications, administering ski area permits, or ski area 
     process streamlining in the covered unit or the Region in 
     which the unit is located; and
       ``(iv) interpretation activities, visitor information, 
     visitor services, and signage in the covered unit to 
     enhance--

       ``(I) the ski area visitor experience on National Forest 
     System land; and
       ``(II) avalanche information and education activities 
     carried out by the Forest Service.

       ``(B) Other uses.--If any amounts are still available in 
     the Account after all ski area permit-related expenditures 
     under subparagraph (A) are made, including amounts 
     transferred to other covered units pursuant to paragraph 
     (4)(C), such remaining amounts in the Account may be applied 
     to permit administration for other (non-ski area) Forest 
     Service recreation special use permits at the discretion of 
     the Secretary. The Secretary shall first determine that all 
     ski area-related permit administration, processing and 
     interpretation needs have been met in all covered units and 
     Regions before applying any remaining amounts in the Account 
     to non-ski area uses.
       ``(C) Limitation.--Amounts in the Account may not be used 
     for--
       ``(i) the conduct of wildfire suppression or preparedness 
     activities;
       ``(ii) the conduct of biological monitoring on National 
     Forest System land under the Endangered Species Act of 1973 
     (16 U.S.C. 1531 et seq.) for listed species or candidate 
     species, except as required by law for environmental review 
     of ski area projects;
       ``(iii) the acquisition of land for inclusion in the 
     National Forest System; or
       ``(iv) Forest Service administrative sites.
       ``(6) Savings provisions.--
       ``(A) In general.--Nothing in this subsection affects the 
     applicability of section 7 of the Act of April 24, 1950 
     (commonly known as the `Granger-Thye Act') (16 U.S.C. 580d), 
     to ski areas on National Forest System land.
       ``(B) Revenue allocation payments.--Rental charges 
     deposited in the Account under paragraph (2) shall be 
     considered to be amounts received from the National Forest 
     System for purposes of calculating amounts to be paid under--
       ``(i) the Secure Rural Schools and Community Self-
     Determination Act of 2000 (16 U.S.C. 7101 et seq.);
       ``(ii) the sixth paragraph under the heading `forest 
     service' in the Act of May 23, 1908 (35 Stat. 260; 16 U.S.C. 
     500);
       ``(iii) section 13 of the Act of March 1, 1911 (36 Stat. 
     963; 16 U.S.C. 500); and
       ``(iv) chapter 69 of title 31, United States Code.
       ``(C) Supplemental funding.--Rental charges retained and 
     expended under this subsection shall supplement (and not 
     supplant) appropriated funding for the operation and 
     maintenance of each covered unit.''.
       (b) This section (including the amendments made by this 
     section) shall take effect on the date that is 60 days after 
     the date of enactment of this Act.
       (c) The Secretary of Agriculture shall not be required to 
     issue regulations or policy guidance to implement this 
     section (including the amendments made by this section).
                                 ______
                                 
  SA 3426. Mr. HELLER submitted an amendment intended to be proposed by 
him to the bill H.R. 6147, making appropriations for the Department of 
the Interior, environment, and related agencies for the fiscal year 
ending September 30, 2019, and for other purposes;

[[Page S5276]]

which was ordered to lie on the table; as follows:

       At the appropriate place in title II of division D, insert 
     the following:
       Sec. __.  None of the funds made available under this title 
     may be used to provide housing assistance benefits for an 
     individual who is convicted of--
       (1) aggravated sexual abuse under section 2241 of title 18, 
     United States Code;
       (2) murder under section 1111 of title 18, United States 
     Code; or
       (3) any other Federal or State offense involving--
       (A) severe forms of trafficking in persons or sex 
     trafficking, as those terms are defined in paragraphs (9) and 
     (10), respectively, of section 103 of the Trafficking Victims 
     Protection Act of 2000 (22 U.S.C. 7102); or
       (B) child pornography, as defined in section 2256 of title 
     18, United States Code.
                                 ______
                                 
  SA 3427. Mr. HELLER submitted an amendment intended to be proposed to 
amendment SA 3399 proposed by Mr. Shelby to the bill H.R. 6147, making 
appropriations for the Department of the Interior, environment, and 
related agencies for the fiscal year ending September 30, 2019, and for 
other purposes; which was ordered to lie on the table; as follows:

       At the appropriate place in title I of division D, insert 
     the following:

     SEC. 1___. ELECTRIC VEHICLE WEIGHT LIMITATION.

       Section 127 of title 23, United States Code, is amended by 
     adding at the end the following:
       ``(v) Electric Vehicles.--
       ``(1) In general.--Except as provided in paragraph (2), a 
     vehicle propelled exclusively by means of electric battery 
     power may exceed any vehicle weight limit under this section 
     by an amount that is equal to the difference between--
       ``(A) the weight of the electric batteries and wiring 
     system of the vehicle; and
       ``(B) the weight of a comparable diesel tank and fueling 
     system.
       ``(2) Maximum weight.--A vehicle propelled exclusively by 
     means of electric battery power may exceed any vehicle weight 
     limit under this section up to a maximum gross vehicle weight 
     of 82,000 pounds.''.
                                 ______
                                 
  SA 3428. Mr. HELLER submitted an amendment intended to be proposed to 
amendment SA 3399 proposed by Mr. Shelby to the bill H.R. 6147, making 
appropriations for the Department of the Interior, environment, and 
related agencies for the fiscal year ending September 30, 2019, and for 
other purposes; which was ordered to lie on the table; as follows:

       At the appropriate place in title I of division __, insert 
     the following:
       Sec. 1__.  Not later than 90 days after the date of 
     enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Transportation shall 
     submit to the Committees on Appropriations and Commerce, 
     Science, and Transportation of the Senate and the Committees 
     on Appropriations and Transportation and Infrastructure of 
     the House of Representatives a report on efforts by the 
     Department of Transportation to engage with local 
     communities, metropolitan planning organizations, and 
     regional transportation commissions on advancing data and 
     intelligent transportation systems technologies and other 
     smart cities solutions.
                                 ______
                                 
  SA 3429. Mr. HELLER submitted an amendment intended to be proposed to 
amendment SA 3399 proposed by Mr. Shelby to the bill H.R. 6147, making 
appropriations for the Department of the Interior, environment, and 
related agencies for the fiscal year ending September 30, 2019, and for 
other purposes; which was ordered to lie on the table; as follows:

       On page 436, line 22, strike the period and insert ``: 
     Provided further, That in distributing funds made available 
     for grants under section 117 of title 23, United States Code, 
     the Secretary shall take into consideration the needs of 
     projects of regional or national significance.''.
                                 ______
                                 
  SA 3430. Mr. KENNEDY (for himself and Mr. Cassidy) submitted an 
amendment intended to be proposed to amendment SA 3399 proposed by Mr. 
Shelby to the bill H.R. 6147, making appropriations for the Department 
of the Interior, environment, and related agencies for the fiscal year 
ending September 30, 2019, and for other purposes; which was ordered to 
lie on the table; as follows:

       On page 370, line 20, insert ``, of which no less than 
     $15,000,000 shall be used for inspections of foreign seafood 
     manufacturers and field examinations of imported seafood'' 
     after ``Affairs''.
                                 ______
                                 
  SA 3431. Mr. ENZI submitted an amendment intended to be proposed to 
amendment SA 3399 proposed by Mr. Shelby to the bill H.R. 6147, making 
appropriations for the Department of the Interior, environment, and 
related agencies for the fiscal year ending September 30, 2019, and for 
other purposes; which was ordered to lie on the table; as follows:

       At the appropriate place in division D, insert the 
     following:
       Sec. __. (a) The Secretary of Housing and Urban 
     Development, in consultation with the head of each Federal 
     agency that administers a Federal housing assistance program, 
     shall conduct an interdepartmental review of each Federal 
     housing assistance program in order to--
       (1) develop a plan for the elimination of programmatic 
     fragmentation, duplication, and overlap among Federal housing 
     assistance programs, as identified by those Federal agencies 
     in consultation with the Government Accountability Office; 
     and
       (2) make recommendations to Congress for streamlining 
     Federal housing assistance programs for efficiency to 
     increase the quality of services provided to people in the 
     United States who are the most in need of assistance.
       (b) Not later than 1 year after the date of enactment of 
     this Act, the Secretary of Housing and Urban Development, in 
     consultation with the head of each Federal agency that 
     administers a Federal housing assistance program, shall 
     submit to the Committee on Appropriations and the Committee 
     on the Budget of the Senate and the Committee on 
     Appropriations and the Committee on the Budget of the House 
     of Representatives a detailed report that outlines the 
     efficiencies that can be achieved by, and specific 
     recommendations for, eliminating overlap, duplication, and 
     fragmentation among Federal housing assistance programs.
                                 ______
                                 
  SA 3432. Mr. BOOZMAN submitted an amendment intended to be proposed 
to amendment SA 3399 proposed by Mr. Shelby to the bill H.R. 6147, 
making appropriations for the Department of the Interior, environment, 
and related agencies for the fiscal year ending September 30, 2019, and 
for other purposes; which was ordered to lie on the table; as follows:

       At the appropriate place in title VII of division C, insert 
     the following:
       Sec. 7__. (a) The Secretary of Agriculture shall conduct an 
     inventory and evaluation of certain land, as generally 
     depicted on the map entitled ``Flatside Wilderness Adjacent 
     Inventory Areas'' and dated November 30, 2017, to determine 
     the suitability of that land for inclusion in the National 
     Wilderness Preservation System.
       (b) The inventory and evaluation required under subsection 
     (a) shall be completed not later than 1 year after the date 
     of enactment of this Act.
                                 ______
                                 
  SA 3433. Mr. MORAN submitted an amendment intended to be proposed to 
amendment SA 3399 proposed by Mr. Shelby to the bill H.R. 6147, making 
appropriations for the Department of the Interior, environment, and 
related agencies for the fiscal year ending September 30, 2019, and for 
other purposes; which was ordered to lie on the table; as follows:

       At the appropriate place in division C, insert the 
     following:
       Sec. ___.  None of the funds made available by this Act may 
     be used to revoke an exception made--
       (1) pursuant to the final rule of the Department of 
     Agriculture entitled ``Exceptions to Geographic Areas for 
     Official Agencies Under the USGSA'' (68 Fed. Reg. 19137 
     (April 18, 2003)); and
       (2) on a date before April 14, 2017.

                                 ______
                                 
  SA 3434. Mr. JOHNSON submitted an amendment intended to be proposed 
by him to the bill H.R. 6147, making appropriations for the Department 
of the Interior, environment, and related agencies for the fiscal year 
ending September 30, 2019, and for other purposes; which was ordered to 
lie on the table; as follows:

       At the appropriate place, insert the following:

     SEC. __. AIR TRAFFIC SERVICES AT AVIATION EVENTS.

       (a) Requirement to Provide Services and Related Support.--
     The Administrator of the Federal Aviation Administration 
     shall provide air traffic services and aviation safety 
     support for aviation events, including airshows and fly-ins, 
     without the imposition or collection of any fee, tax, or 
     other charge for that purpose. Amounts for the provision of 
     such services and support shall be derived from amounts 
     appropriated or otherwise available for the Federal Aviation 
     Administration.
       (b) Determination of Services and Support to Be Provided.--
     In determining the services and support to be provided for an 
     aviation event for purposes of subsection (a), the 
     Administrator shall take into account the following:
       (1) The services and support required to meet levels of 
     activity at prior events, if any, similar to the event.
       (2) The anticipated need for services and support at the 
     event.
                                 ______
                                 
  SA 3435. Mr. JOHNSON submitted an amendment intended to be proposed 
to

[[Page S5277]]

amendment SA 3399 proposed by Mr. Shelby to the bill H.R. 6147, making 
appropriations for the Department of the Interior, environment, and 
related agencies for the fiscal year ending September 30, 2019, and for 
other purposes; which was ordered to lie on the table; as follows:

       At the appropriate place in title IV of division A, insert 
     the following:
       Sec. 4__. (a) This subsection and the final rule entitled 
     ``Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants; Removal of 
     the Gray Wolf in Wyoming From the Federal List of Endangered 
     and Threatened Wildlife and Removal of the Wyoming Wolf 
     Population's Status as an Experimental Population'' (77 Fed. 
     Reg. 55530 (September 10, 2012)) that was reinstated on March 
     3, 2017, by the United States Court of Appeals for the 
     District of Columbia Circuit (No. 14-5300) and republished in 
     the final rule entitled ``Endangered and Threatened Wildlife 
     and Plants; Reinstatement of Removal of Federal Protections 
     for Gray Wolves in Wyoming'' (82 Fed. Reg. 20284 (May 1, 
     2017)), that reinstates the removal of Federal protections 
     under the Endangered Species Act of 1973 (16 U.S.C. 1531 et 
     seq.) of the gray wolf in the State of Wyoming, shall not be 
     subject to judicial review.
       (b)(1) Not later than 60 days after the date of enactment 
     of this Act and notwithstanding any other provision of law 
     that applies to the issuance of a rule, the Secretary of the 
     Interior shall reissue the final rule entitled ``Endangered 
     and Threatened Wildlife and Plants; Revising the Listing of 
     the Gray Wolf (Canis lupus) in the Western Great Lakes'' (76 
     Fed. Reg. 81666 (December 28, 2011)).
       (2) This subsection and the rule reissued under paragraph 
     (1) shall not be subject to judicial review.
                                 ______
                                 
  SA 3436. Mr. JOHNSON submitted an amendment intended to be proposed 
by him to the bill H.R. 6147, making appropriations for the Department 
of the Interior, environment, and related agencies for the fiscal year 
ending September 30, 2019, and for other purposes; which was ordered to 
lie on the table; as follows:

       At the appropriate place, insert the following:

     SEC. ___. REPORT ON NEXTGEN IMPLEMENTATION.

       (a) In General.--Not later than 1 year after the date of 
     enactment of this Act, the Administrator shall submit to 
     Congress a report on the implementation of NextGen at 
     commercial service airports in the United States.
       (b) Elements.--The report required by subsection (a) shall 
     include the following:
       (1) The number and percentage of commercial service 
     airports in the United States that have fully implemented 
     NextGen.
       (2) The percentage completion of NextGen implementation at 
     each commercial service airport in the United States.
       (c) Development of Standard to Determine Percentage 
     Implementation of NextGen.--
       (1) In general.--The Administrator shall develop a standard 
     for determining under subsection (b)(2) the percentage 
     completion of NextGen implementation at commercial service 
     airports in the United States based on factors that may 
     include an accounting of efficiency benefits achieved, the 
     degree of NextGen technology and infrastructure installed, 
     and the extent of controller training on NextGen.
       (2) Inclusion in report.--The Administrator shall include 
     in the report submitted under subsection (a) the standard 
     developed under paragraph (1).
       (d) Definitions.--In this section:
       (1) Administrator.--The term ``Administrator'' means the 
     Administrator of the Federal Aviation Administration.
       (2) Nextgen.--The term ``NextGen'' means the Next 
     Generation Air Transportation System.
                                 ______
                                 
  SA 3437. Mr. GARDNER submitted an amendment intended to be proposed 
to amendment SA 3399 proposed by Mr. Shelby to the bill H.R. 6147, 
making appropriations for the Department of the Interior, environment, 
and related agencies for the fiscal year ending September 30, 2019, and 
for other purposes; which was ordered to lie on the table; as follows:

       On page 315, line 13, insert ``of which not less than 
     $2,000,000 shall be available to carry out the dryland 
     agriculture research program;'' before ``and of which''.
                                 ______
                                 
  SA 3438. Mr. RISCH submitted an amendment intended to be proposed to 
amendment SA 3399 proposed by Mr. Shelby to the bill H.R. 6147, making 
appropriations for the Department of the Interior, environment, and 
related agencies for the fiscal year ending September 30, 2019, and for 
other purposes; which was ordered to lie on the table; as follows:

       Strike section 531.
                                 ______
                                 
  SA 3439. Mr. RISCH submitted an amendment intended to be proposed by 
him to the bill H.R. 6147, making appropriations for the Department of 
the Interior, environment, and related agencies for the fiscal year 
ending September 30, 2019, and for other purposes; which was ordered to 
lie on the table; as follows:

       At the appropriate place, insert the following:
       Sec. __. (a) Section 7(a)(29) of the Small Business Act (15 
     U.S.C. 636(a)(29)) is amended--
       (1) by redesignating subparagraphs (A) and (B) as clauses 
     (i) and (ii), respectively, and adjusting the margins 
     accordingly;
       (2) by striking ``With respect to'' and inserting the 
     following:
       ``(A) In general.--With respect to'';
       (3) in clause (i), as so redesignated, by striking ``for 
     more than $250,000'' and inserting ``, if such loan is in an 
     amount greater than the Federal banking regulator appraisal 
     threshold'';
       (4) in clause (ii), as so redesignated, by striking ``for 
     $250,000 or less'' and inserting ``, if such loan is in an 
     amount equal to or less than the Federal banking regulator 
     appraisal threshold''; and
       (5) by adding at the end the following:
       ``(B) Federal banking regulator appraisal threshold 
     defined.--For purposes of this paragraph, the term `Federal 
     banking regulator appraisal threshold' means the lesser of 
     the threshold amounts set by the Board of Governors of the 
     Federal Reserve System, the Comptroller of the Currency, and 
     the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation for when a 
     federally related transaction that is a commercial real 
     estate transaction requires an appraisal prepared by a State 
     licensed or certified appraiser.''.
       (b) Section 502(3)(E)(ii) of the Small Business Investment 
     Act of 1958 (15 U.S.C. 696(3)(E)(ii)) is amended--
       (1) by redesignating subclauses (I) and (II) as items (aa) 
     and (bb), respectively, and adjusting the margins 
     accordingly;
       (2) by striking ``With respect to'' and inserting the 
     following:

       ``(I) In general.--With respect to'';

       (3) in item (aa), as so redesignated, by striking ``is more 
     than $250,000'' and inserting ``is more than the Federal 
     banking regulator appraisal threshold'';
       (4) in item (bb), as so redesignated, by striking ``is 
     $250,000 or less'' and inserting ``is equal to or less than 
     the Federal banking regulator appraisal threshold''; and
       (5) by adding at the end the following:

       ``(II) Federal banking regulator appraisal threshold 
     defined.--For purposes of this clause, the term `Federal 
     banking regulator appraisal threshold' means the lesser of 
     the threshold amounts set by the Board of Governors of the 
     Federal Reserve System, the Comptroller of the Currency, and 
     the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation for when a 
     federally related transaction that is a commercial real 
     estate transaction requires an appraisal prepared by a State 
     licensed or certified appraiser.''.

                                 ______
                                 
  SA 3440. Mr. FLAKE submitted an amendment intended to be proposed to 
amendment SA 3399 proposed by Mr. Shelby to the bill H.R. 6147, making 
appropriations for the Department of the Interior, environment, and 
related agencies for the fiscal year ending September 30, 2019, and for 
other purposes; which was ordered to lie on the table; as follows:

       At the appropriate place in division C, insert the 
     following:
       Sec. ___.  None of the funds made available by this Act may 
     be used to support the development of insect-based foods for 
     human consumption, including cricket farming and taste-
     testing of insect-based foods.
                                 ______
                                 
  SA 3441. Mr. THUNE (for himself, Mr. Nelson, Mrs. Fischer, Mrs. 
McCaskill, Ms. Heitkamp, Mr. Donnelly, Ms. Smith, Mr. Gardner, Mr. 
Cotton, Mr. Crapo, Mr. Risch, Mr. Moran, Mr. Hoeven, Mr. Johnson, Mr. 
Daines, Mr. Rubio, Mr. Enzi, and Mr. Rounds) submitted an amendment 
intended to be proposed to amendment SA 3399 proposed by Mr. Shelby to 
the bill H.R. 6147, making appropriations for the Department of the 
Interior, environment, and related agencies for the fiscal year ending 
September 30, 2019, and for other purposes; which was ordered to lie on 
the table; as follows:

       On page 455, between lines 18 and 19, insert the following:
       Sec. 13_.  None of the funds appropriated or otherwise made 
     available to the Secretary of Transportation by this Act or 
     any other Act for fiscal year 2019 or any fiscal year 
     thereafter may be used to implement, administer, or enforce 
     sections 31136 and 31502 of title 49, United States Code, or 
     regulations prescribed under those sections, regarding 
     maximum driving and on-duty time for drivers used by motor 
     carriers to transport agricultural commodities or farm 
     supplies for agricultural purposes (as those terms are 
     defined in section 229(e) of the Motor Carrier Safety 
     Improvement Act of 1999 (49 U.S.C. 31136 note)) from the 
     sources and to the locations described in subparagraphs (A), 
     (B), and (C) of section 229(a)(1) of the Motor Carrier Safety 
     Improvement Act of 1999 (49 U.S.C. 31136 note) at any time of 
     the year or, for drivers used by motor carriers to transport 
     agricultural commodities, within 150

[[Page S5278]]

     air-miles of the destination of such commodities until--
       (1) the Secretary of Transportation has promulgated a 
     regulation to extend the hours of service exemption for 
     drivers transporting agricultural commodities or farm 
     supplies for agricultural purposes from the planting and 
     harvesting periods (as determined by each State) to a year-
     round exemption; and
       (2) the Secretary of Transportation has promulgated a 
     regulation to extend the hours of service exemption for 
     drivers transporting agricultural commodities to such 
     transportation within a 150 air-mile radius from the 
     destination of the agricultural commodities.
                                 ______
                                 
  SA 3442. Mr. WHITEHOUSE submitted an amendment intended to be 
proposed to amendment SA 3399 proposed by Mr. Shelby to the bill H.R. 
6147, making appropriations for the Department of the Interior, 
environment, and related agencies for the fiscal year ending September 
30, 2019, and for other purposes; which was ordered to lie on the 
table; as follows:

       In the matter under the heading ``child nutrition programs 
     (including transfers of funds)'' under the heading ``Food and 
     Nutrition Service'' under the heading ``DOMESTIC FOOD 
     PROGRAMS'' in title IV of division C, strike 
     ``$23,184,012,000'' and insert ``$23,199,012,000''.
       In the matter under the heading ``child nutrition programs 
     (including transfers of funds)'' under the heading ``Food and 
     Nutrition Service'' under the heading ``DOMESTIC FOOD 
     PROGRAMS'' in title IV of division C, in the fourth proviso, 
     strike ``That section 26(d)'' and insert ``That $15,000,000 
     shall be available to carry out section 18(g) of the Richard 
     B. Russell National School Lunch Act (42 U.S.C. 1769(g)): 
     Provided further, That section 26(d)''.
       At the appropriate place in division C, insert the 
     following:


            farmers' market and local food promotion program

       Sec. __. For necessary expenses to carry out the Farmers' 
     Market and Local Food Promotion Program as authorized by 
     section 6 of the Farmer-to-Consumer Direct Marketing Act of 
     1976 (7 U.S.C. 3005), $10,000,000, to remain available until 
     September 30, 2020.
                                 ______
                                 
  SA 3443. Ms. SMITH (for herself and Ms. Klobuchar) submitted an 
amendment intended to be proposed to amendment SA 3399 proposed by Mr. 
Shelby to the bill H.R. 6147, making appropriations for the Department 
of the Interior, environment, and related agencies for the fiscal year 
ending September 30, 2019, and for other purposes; which was ordered to 
lie on the table; as follows:

       At the end of title I, add the following:
       Sec. ___. (a) Definitions.--In this section:
       (1) Prairie island reservation.--The term ``Prairie Island 
     Reservation'' means the Prairie Island Indian Community 
     Reservation in Goodhue County, Minnesota.
       (2) Secretary.--The term ``Secretary'' means the Secretary 
     of the Interior.
       (3) Tribe.--The term ``Tribe'' means the Prairie Island 
     Indian Community, a federally recognized Indian tribe.
       (b) Study of Federal Lands.--
       (1) In general.--The Secretary shall carry out an analysis 
     to determine whether land within the Federal domain is 
     suitable for addition to the Prairie Island Reservation.
       (2) Considerations.--Land shall not be considered suitable 
     for addition to the Prairie Island Reservation unless such 
     land--
       (A) consists of contiguous acres of land suitable for 
     housing and economic development;
       (B) is located within Minnesota and within 100 miles of the 
     Prairie Island Reservation;
       (C) is not subject to compatible use or wildlife-dependent 
     recreational use restrictions pursuant to the National 
     Wildlife Refuge System Administration Act of 1966 (16 U.S.C. 
     668dd et seq.); and
       (D) is not administered by the National Park Service.
       (3) Report.--Not later than 90 days after the date of 
     enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall submit to Congress 
     and the Tribe a report detailing the results of the analysis 
     conducted pursuant to paragraph (1).
                                 ______
                                 
  SA 3444. Mr. NELSON submitted an amendment intended to be proposed by 
him to the bill H.R. 6147, making appropriations for the Department of 
the Interior, environment, and related agencies for the fiscal year 
ending September 30, 2019, and for other purposes; which was ordered to 
lie on the table; as follows:

       At the appropriate place in division D, insert the 
     following:
       Sec. __.  Of the funds made available under this Act for 
     the Self-Help Homeownership Opportunity Program of the 
     Department of Housing and Urban Development, not less than 
     $540,000 shall be made available for low-income and very low-
     income families affected by any State-mandated fire.
                                 ______
                                 
  SA 3445. Mrs. GILLIBRAND submitted an amendment intended to be 
proposed to amendment SA 3399 proposed by Mr. Shelby to the bill H.R. 
6147, making appropriations for the Department of the Interior, 
environment, and related agencies for the fiscal year ending September 
30, 2019, and for other purposes; which was ordered to lie on the 
table; as follows:
       At the appropriate place in title VII of division C, insert 
     the following:
       Sec. __.  Section 19(a)(2)(B) of the Food and Nutrition Act 
     of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 2028(a)(2)(B)) is amended by adding at the 
     end the following:
       ``(iii) Additional assistance for disaster recovery efforts 
     in the commonwealth of puerto rico for fiscal year 2019.--

       ``(I) Authorization of appropriations.--Due to the needs 
     associated with disaster recovery efforts in the Commonwealth 
     of Puerto Rico, in addition to amounts made available under 
     clause (i), there is authorized to be appropriated not more 
     than $400,000,000 for fiscal year 2019 to make additional 
     payments to the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico for the 
     expenditures and expenses described in clause (i).
       ``(II) Appropriation in advance.--Except as provided in 
     subclause (III), only amounts appropriated under subclause 
     (I) in advance specifically for the expenditures and expenses 
     described in clause (i) shall be available for payment to the 
     Commonwealth of Puerto Rico for the expenditures and expenses 
     described in that clause.
       ``(III) Other funds.--Funds appropriated under subclause 
     (I) shall be in addition to funds made available under clause 
     (i).''.

                                 ______
                                 
  SA 3446. Mrs. GILLIBRAND submitted an amendment intended to be 
proposed by her to the bill H.R. 6147, making appropriations for the 
Department of the Interior, environment, and related agencies for the 
fiscal year ending September 30, 2019, and for other purposes; which 
was ordered to lie on the table; as follows:

       At the appropriate place in division C, insert the 
     following:


                   direct payments for dairy farmers

       Sec. ___. Subtitle D of title I of the Agricultural Act of 
     2014 (7 U.S.C. 9051 et seq.) is amended by adding at the end 
     the following:

              ``PART IV--DIRECT PAYMENTS FOR DAIRY FARMERS

     ``SEC. 1441. DIRECT PAYMENTS FOR DAIRY FARMERS.

       ``(a) In General.--Not later than 30 days after the date of 
     enactment of this part, the Secretary shall provide a 1-time 
     payment to each eligible dairy farmer described in subsection 
     (b) in accordance with this section.
       ``(b) Eligibility.--To be eligible to receive a payment 
     under this section, a dairy farmer shall--
       ``(1) be licensed by the Secretary; and
       ``(2) have had a production history during the 1-year 
     period ending on the date of enactment of this part.
       ``(c) Amount of Payment.--
       ``(1) In general.--The amount of a payment under this 
     section shall be, as determined by the report of the Economic 
     Research Service entitled `Milk Cost of Production by Size of 
     Operation Report' and dated May 1, 2018, equal to the 
     quotient obtained by dividing--
       ``(A) the product obtained by multiplying--
       ``(i) the quantity (in pounds) of the national average milk 
     production of a dairy cow;
       ``(ii) the average number of cows per farm, as determined 
     under paragraph (2);
       ``(iii) the value of production less total costs, as 
     determined under paragraph (3); and
       ``(iv) \1/2\; and
       ``(B) 100.
       ``(2) Average number of cows per farm.--The average number 
     of cows per farm under paragraph (1)(A)(ii) shall be 
     determined based on the report described in paragraph (1) as 
     follows:
       ``(A) In the case of a farm with fewer than 50 cows, the 
     national average number of cows per farm in farms with fewer 
     than 50 cows.
       ``(B) In the case of a farm with not fewer than 50 cows and 
     not greater than 199 cows, the national average number of 
     cows per farm in farms with not fewer than 50 cows and not 
     greater than 199 cows.
       ``(C) In the case of a farm with not fewer than 200 cows 
     and not greater than 499 cows, the national average number of 
     cows per farm in farms with not fewer than 200 cows and not 
     greater than 499 cows.
       ``(D) In the case of a farm with not fewer than 500 cows, 
     the national average number of cows per farm in farms with 
     not fewer than 500 cows.
       ``(3) Value of production less total costs.--The value of 
     production less total costs under paragraph (1)(A)(iii) shall 
     be determined based on the report described in paragraph (1) 
     as follows:
       ``(A) In the case of a farm with fewer than 50 cows, the 
     national value of production less total costs in farms with 
     fewer than 50 cows.
       ``(B) In the case of a farm with not fewer than 50 cows and 
     not greater than 199 cows, the national value of production 
     less total costs in farms with not fewer than 50 cows and not 
     greater than 199 cows.
       ``(C) In the case of a farm with not fewer than 200 cows 
     and not greater than 499 cows, the national value of 
     production less total costs in farms with not fewer than 200 
     cows and not greater than 499 cows.

[[Page S5279]]

       ``(D) In the case of a farm with not fewer than 500 cows, 
     the national value of production less total costs in farms 
     with not fewer than 500 cows.
       ``(d) Payment Limitation.--The amount of a payment under 
     this section to an eligible dairy farmer described in 
     subsection (b) shall not be greater than $15,000.
       ``(e) Funding.--Of the funds of the Commodity Credit 
     Corporation, the Secretary shall use to carry out this 
     section $500,000,000.''.
                                 ______
                                 
  SA 3447. Mr. JONES submitted an amendment intended to be proposed to 
amendment SA 3399 proposed by Mr. Shelby to the bill H.R. 6147, making 
appropriations for the Department of the Interior, environment, and 
related agencies for the fiscal year ending September 30, 2019, and for 
other purposes; which was ordered to lie on the table; as follows:

       On page 17, line 4, strike ``$88,910,000'' and insert 
     ``$91,910,000''.
       On page 17, line 14, strike ``$5,000,000'' and insert 
     ``$8,000,000''.
       On page 40, line 7, strike ``$134,673,000'' and insert 
     ``$131,673,000''.
                                 ______
                                 
  SA 3448. Mr. MERKLEY submitted an amendment intended to be proposed 
to amendment SA 3399 proposed by Mr. Shelby to the bill H.R. 6147, 
making appropriations for the Department of the Interior, environment, 
and related agencies for the fiscal year ending September 30, 2019, and 
for other purposes; which was ordered to lie on the table; as follows:

       In section 737 of division C, in the proviso, strike 
     ``entities'' and insert ``entities, or comparable entities 
     that provide energy efficiency services using their own 
     billing mechanism,''.
                                 ______
                                 
  SA 3449. Mr. CASEY submitted an amendment intended to be proposed by 
him to the bill H.R. 6147, making appropriations for the Department of 
the Interior, environment, and related agencies for the fiscal year 
ending September 30, 2019, and for other purposes; which was ordered to 
lie on the table; as follows:

       In the matter under the heading ``special supplemental 
     nutrition program for women, infants, and children (wic)'' 
     under the heading ``Food and Nutrition Service'' under the 
     heading ``DOMESTIC FOOD PROGRAMS'' in title IV of division C, 
     in the first proviso, strike ``$60,000,000'' and insert 
     ``$80,000,000''.
                                 ______
                                 
  SA 3450. Ms. BALDWIN submitted an amendment intended to be proposed 
to amendment SA 3399 proposed by Mr. Shelby to the bill H.R. 6147, 
making appropriations for the Department of the Interior, environment, 
and related agencies for the fiscal year ending September 30, 2019, and 
for other purposes; which was ordered to lie on the table; as follows:

       At the appropriate place in title VII of division C, insert 
     the following:
       Sec. __. (a) There is appropriated $7,000,000 to the 
     Secretary of Agriculture for marketing activities authorized 
     under section 204(b) of the Agricultural Marketing Act of 
     1946 (7 U.S.C. 1623(b)) to provide to State departments of 
     agriculture, State cooperative extension services, 
     institutions of higher education, and nonprofit organizations 
     grants to carry out programs and provide technical assistance 
     to promote innovation, process improvement, and marketing 
     relating to dairy products, and the amount made available 
     under the heading ``Agriculture Buildings and Facilities 
     (including transfers of funds)'' in title I of division C 
     shall be $51,330,000.
                                 ______
                                 
  SA 3451. Ms. BALDWIN submitted an amendment intended to be proposed 
by her to the bill H.R. 6147, making appropriations for the Department 
of the Interior, environment, and related agencies for the fiscal year 
ending September 30, 2019, and for other purposes; which was ordered to 
lie on the table; as follows:

       At the appropriate place in title VII of division C, insert 
     the following:
       Sec. __.  Section 750 of division A of the Consolidated 
     Appropriations Act, 2018 (Public Law 115-141), is amended by 
     striking ``That for'' and inserting ``That any fee for 
     switching or routing of benefits imposed by a nonaffiliated 
     subcontractor of any contractor of a State shall not be 
     prohibited if no portion of that fee is shared with or 
     otherwise received by the State or the State's contractor (or 
     any affiliate of that contractor): Provided further, That 
     for''.
                                 ______
                                 
  SA 3452. Mr. SANDERS submitted an amendment intended to be proposed 
to amendment SA 3399 proposed by Mr. Shelby to the bill H.R. 6147, 
making appropriations for the Department of the Interior, environment, 
and related agencies for the fiscal year ending September 30, 2019, and 
for other purposes; which was ordered to lie on the table; as follows:

       At the appropriate place in title VII of division D, insert 
     the following:
       Sec. __.  None of the funds made available by this Act may 
     be used to implement, administer, or enforce the final rule 
     entitled ``Food Labeling: Revision of the Nutrition and 
     Supplement Facts Labels'' (81 Fed. Reg. 33742 (May 27, 2016)) 
     to the extent that the rule requires that the nutrition facts 
     panel on the labeling of a single-ingredient food that does 
     not contain any added sugars or sweeteners (such as honey or 
     maple syrup) include a statement that the food contains added 
     sugars.
                                 ______
                                 
  SA 3453. Mr. SANDERS submitted an amendment intended to be proposed 
to amendment SA 3399 proposed by Mr. Shelby to the bill H.R. 6147, 
making appropriations for the Department of the Interior, environment, 
and related agencies for the fiscal year ending September 30, 2019, and 
for other purposes; which was ordered to lie on the table; as follows:

       On page 142, between lines 16 and 17, insert the following:


 study of perfluoroalkyl and polyfluoroalkyl substances in groundwater

       Sec. 433.  (a) Not later than 1 year after the date of 
     enactment of this Act, the Director of the United States 
     Geological Survey (referred to in this section as the 
     ``Director''), in consultation with the Administrator of the 
     Environmental Protection Agency (referred to in this section 
     as the ``Administrator''), shall complete a study to monitor 
     the flow of perfluoroalkyl and polyfluoroalkyl substances in 
     groundwater flows in not less than 5 regions.
       (b) The Director, in consultation with the Administrator, 
     is encouraged to develop a public information campaign to 
     inform impacted communities and the general public of 
     potential exposure to perfluoroalkyl and polyfluoroalkyl 
     substances resulting from releases in groundwater.
       (c) Not later than 15 months after the date of enactment of 
     this Act and annually thereafter, the Director, in 
     consultation with the Administrator, shall submit to the 
     Committee on Environment and Public Works of the Senate, the 
     Committee on Energy and Natural Resources of the Senate, the 
     Committee on Energy and Commerce of the House of 
     Representatives, and the Committee on Natural Resources of 
     the House of Representatives a report that describes the 
     findings of the study completed under subsection (a).
                                 ______
                                 
  SA 3454. Mr. WHITEHOUSE (for himself, Ms. Murkowski, and Mr. Murphy) 
submitted an amendment intended to be proposed to amendment SA 3399 
proposed by Mr. Shelby to the bill H.R. 6147, making appropriations for 
the Department of the Interior, environment, and related agencies for 
the fiscal year ending September 30, 2019, and for other purposes; 
which was ordered to lie on the table; as follows:

       At the appropriate place in division C, insert the 
     following:


                     research on ocean agriculture

       Sec. ___.  (a) The Secretary of Agriculture, in 
     coordination with the Administrator of the National Oceanic 
     and Atmospheric Administration, shall establish a working 
     group (referred to in this section as the ``working 
     group'')--
       (1) to study how mangroves, kelp forests, tidal marshes, 
     and seagrass meadows could help deacidify the oceans;
       (2) to study emerging ocean farming practices that use kelp 
     and seagrass to deacidify the oceans while providing 
     feedstock for agriculture and other commercial and industrial 
     inputs; and
       (3) to coordinate and conduct research to develop and 
     enhance pilot-scale research for farming of kelp and seagrass 
     in order--
       (A) to deacidify ocean environments;
       (B) to produce a feedstock for agriculture; and
       (C) to develop other scalable commercial applications for 
     kelp, seagrass, or products derived from kelp or seagrass.
       (b) The working group shall include--
       (1) the Secretary of Agriculture;
       (2) the Administrator of the National Oceanic and 
     Atmospheric Administration;
       (3) representatives of any relevant offices within the 
     National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration; and
       (4) the Assistant Secretary of Energy for Energy Efficiency 
     and Renewable Energy.
       (c) Not later than 2 years after the date of enactment of 
     this Act, the working group shall submit to Congress a report 
     that includes--
       (1) the findings of the research described in subsection 
     (a);
       (2) the results of the pilot-scale research described in 
     subsection (a)(3); and
       (3) any policy recommendations based on those findings and 
     results.
                                 ______
                                 
  SA 3455. Mr. MERKLEY submitted an amendment intended to be proposed 
to amendment SA 3399 proposed by Mr. Shelby to the bill H.R. 6147, 
making appropriations for the Department of

[[Page S5280]]

the Interior, environment, and related agencies for the fiscal year 
ending September 30, 2019, and for other purposes; which was ordered to 
lie on the table; as follows:

       At the end of title VII of division B, insert the 
     following:
       Sec. ___.  None of the funds appropriated or otherwise made 
     available by this Act or any other Act may be used--
       (1) to prevent a Member of Congress from entering, for the 
     purpose of conducting oversight, any facility located in the 
     United States at which alien minors are housed or otherwise 
     detained;
       (2) to require any Member of Congress to coordinate through 
     a Congressional entity for their entry into, for the purpose 
     of conducting oversight, any facility described in paragraph 
     (1); or
       (3) to make any temporary modification at a facility 
     described in paragraph (1) that in any way alters what is 
     observed by a visiting Member of Congress, compared to what 
     would be observed in the absence of such modification.
                                 ______
                                 
  SA 3456. Mr. MERKLEY submitted an amendment intended to be proposed 
to amendment SA 3399 proposed by Mr. Shelby to the bill H.R. 6147, 
making appropriations for the Department of the Interior, environment, 
and related agencies for the fiscal year ending September 30, 2019, and 
for other purposes; which was ordered to lie on the table; as follows:

       On page 151, line 13, strike ``$250,000,000'' and insert 
     ``$255,000,000''.
       On page 211, line 16, strike ``$9,633,450,000'' and insert 
     ``$9,628,450,000''.
                                 ______
                                 
  SA 3457. Mr. JONES submitted an amendment intended to be proposed to 
amendment SA 3399 proposed by Mr. Shelby to the bill H.R. 6147, making 
appropriations for the Department of the Interior, environment, and 
related agencies for the fiscal year ending September 30, 2019, and for 
other purposes; which was ordered to lie on the table; as follows:

       At the appropriate place in division B, insert the 
     following:
       Sec. __.  The Office of Advocacy of the Small Business 
     Administration shall conduct a study on the best practices in 
     and benefits of matchmaking programs for small business 
     concerns owned and controlled by veterans that utilize 
     industry data and business leads provided by entities, such 
     as chambers of commerce, to match those veterans with 
     business opportunities in their industry of interest or 
     geographic location.
                                 ______
                                 
  SA 3458. Mr. WHITEHOUSE (for himself, Mrs. Shaheen, Mr. Blumenthal, 
Mr. Reed, Ms. Hassan, Mr. Markey, Mr. Murphy, Ms. Warren, Mr. King, and 
Ms. Collins) submitted an amendment intended to be proposed to 
amendment SA 3399 proposed by Mr. Shelby to the bill H.R. 6147, making 
appropriations for the Department of the Interior, environment, and 
related agencies for the fiscal year ending September 30, 2019, and for 
other purposes; which was ordered to lie on the table; as follows:

       At the end of title I of division A, add the following:
       Sec. 1__.  None of the funds made available by this Act may 
     be used to issue a lease for exploration, development, or 
     production of oil or natural gas in any area of the outer 
     Continental Shelf off the coasts of the States of Maine, New 
     Hampshire, Massachusetts, Rhode Island, or Connecticut.
                                 ______
                                 
  SA 3459. Ms. HEITKAMP (for herself and Mr. Carper) submitted an 
amendment intended to be proposed to amendment SA 3399 proposed by Mr. 
Shelby to the bill H.R. 6147, making appropriations for the Department 
of the Interior, environment, and related agencies for the fiscal year 
ending September 30, 2019, and for other purposes; which was ordered to 
lie on the table; as follows:

       On page 239, line 19, insert before the period at the end 
     the following: ``: Provided further, That none of the funds 
     made available under this Act or any other Act may be used to 
     take any action that would impair the fulfillment of the 
     universal service obligation of the United States Postal 
     Service or lead toward the privatization of the United States 
     Postal Service''.
                                 ______
                                 
  SA 3460. Mr. MERKLEY (for himself and Mr. Sanders) submitted an 
amendment intended to be proposed to amendment SA 3399 proposed by Mr. 
Shelby to the bill H.R. 6147, making appropriations for the Department 
of the Interior, environment, and related agencies for the fiscal year 
ending September 30, 2019, and for other purposes; which was ordered to 
lie on the table; as follows:
       At the appropriate place in title II of division A, insert 
     the following:
       Sec. 2__.  None of the funds made available by this Act 
     shall be used to rescind, revoke, or otherwise modify the 
     document of the Administrator of the Environmental Protection 
     Agency entitled ``Endangerment and Cause or Contributing 
     Findings for Greenhouse Gases under Section 202(a) of the 
     Clean Air Act'' and dated December 7, 2009.
                                 ______
                                 
  SA 3461. Mrs. GILLIBRAND (for herself and Mr. Schumer) submitted an 
amendment intended to be proposed to amendment SA 3399 proposed by Mr. 
Shelby to the bill H.R. 6147, making appropriations for the Department 
of the Interior, environment, and related agencies for the fiscal year 
ending September 30, 2019, and for other purposes; which was ordered to 
lie on the table; as follows:
       On page 142, between lines 16 and 17, insert the following:


                  fort ontario special resource study

       Sec. 433.  (a) In this section:
       (1) The term ``Secretary'' means the Secretary of the 
     Interior.
       (2) The term ``study area'' means Fort Ontario in Oswego, 
     New York.
       (b) The Secretary shall conduct a special resource study of 
     the study area.
       (c) In conducting the study under subsection (b), the 
     Secretary shall--
       (1) evaluate the national significance of the study area;
       (2) determine the suitability and feasibility of 
     designating the study area as a unit of the National Park 
     System;
       (3) consider other alternatives for preservation, 
     protection, and interpretation of the study area by the 
     Federal Government, State or local government entities, or 
     private and nonprofit organizations;
       (4) consult with interested Federal agencies, State or 
     local governmental entities, private and nonprofit 
     organizations, or any other interested individuals; and
       (5) identify cost estimates for any Federal acquisition, 
     development, interpretation, operation, and maintenance 
     associated with the alternatives.
       (d) The study required under subsection (b) shall be 
     conducted in accordance with section 100507 of title 54, 
     United States Code.
       (e) Not later than 3 years after the date on which funds 
     are first made available to carry out the study under 
     subsection (b), the Secretary shall submit to the Committee 
     on Natural Resources of the House of Representatives and the 
     Committee on Energy and Natural Resources of the Senate a 
     report that describes--
       (1) the results of the study; and
       (2) any conclusions and recommendations of the Secretary.
                                 ______
                                 
  SA 3462. Mrs. GILLIBRAND (for herself, Mr. Blumenthal, Mr. Murphy, 
and Mr. Schumer) submitted an amendment intended to be proposed by her 
to the bill H.R. 6147, making appropriations for the Department of the 
Interior, environment, and related agencies for the fiscal year ending 
September 30, 2019, and for other purposes; which was ordered to lie on 
the table; as follows:
       At the end of division B, add the following:
       Sec. __.  None of the funds contained in this Act may be 
     used to enforce section 540 of Public Law 110-329 (122 Stat. 
     3688) or section 538 of Public Law 112-74 (125 Stat. 976; 6 
     U.S.C. 190 note).
                                 ______
                                 
  SA 3463. Mr. CARPER (for himself and Ms. Heitkamp) submitted an 
amendment intended to be proposed to amendment SA 3399 proposed by Mr. 
Shelby to the bill H.R. 6147, making appropriations for the Department 
of the Interior, environment, and related agencies for the fiscal year 
ending September 30, 2019, and for other purposes; which was ordered to 
lie on the table; as follows:

       At the end of division B (before the short title), add the 
     following:

                    TITLE IX--POSTAL SERVICE REFORM

     SECTION 901. SHORT TITLE.

       This title may be cited as the ``Postal Service Reform Act 
     of 2018''.

     SEC. 902. TABLE OF CONTENTS.

       The table of contents for this title is as follows:

Sec. 901. Short title.
Sec. 902. Table of contents.
Sec. 903. Definitions.

                      SUBTITLE A--POSTAL PERSONNEL

Sec. 921. Postal Service Health Benefits Program.
Sec. 922. Postal Service retiree health care benefit funding reform.
Sec. 923. Medicare part B premium subsidy for newly enrolling Postal 
              Service annuitants and family members.
Sec. 924. Postal Service pension funding reform.
Sec. 925. Supervisory and other managerial organizations.
Sec. 926. Right of appeal to Merit Systems Protection Board.

              SUBTITLE B--POSTAL SERVICE OPERATIONS REFORM

Sec. 941. Governance reform.
Sec. 942. Modernizing postal rates.
Sec. 943. Nonpostal services.
Sec. 944. Shipping of wine, beer, and distilled spirits.

[[Page S5281]]

Sec. 945. Efficient and flexible universal postal service.
Sec. 946. Fair stamp-evidencing competition.
Sec. 947. Market-dominant rates.
Sec. 948. Review of Postal Service cost attribution guidelines.
Sec. 949. Aviation security for parcels.
Sec. 950. Long-term solvency plan; annual financial plan and budget.
Sec. 951. Service standards, performance targets, and performance 
              measurements.
Sec. 952. Postal Service Chief Innovation Officer.
Sec. 953. Emergency suspensions of post offices.
Sec. 954. Mailing address requirements.

                 SUBTITLE C--POSTAL CONTRACTING REFORM

Sec. 961. Contracting provisions.
Sec. 962. Technical amendment to definition.

 SUBTITLE D--POSTAL REGULATORY COMMISSION, INSPECTOR GENERAL, RELATED 
                     PROVISIONS, AND MISCELLANEOUS

Sec. 981. Postal Regulatory Commission.
Sec. 982. Inspector General of the United States Postal Service and the 
              Postal Regulatory Commission.
Sec. 983. GAO report on fragmentation, overlap, and duplication in 
              Federal programs and activities.

     SEC. 903. DEFINITIONS.

       In this title, the following definitions shall apply:
       (1) Commission.--The term ``Commission'' means the Postal 
     Regulatory Commission.
       (2) Postal retail facility.--The term ``postal retail 
     facility''--
       (A) means a post office, post office branch, post office 
     classified station, or other facility that is operated by the 
     Postal Service, the primary function of which is to provide 
     retail postal services; and
       (B) does not include a contractor-operated facility 
     offering postal services.
       (3) Postal service.--The term ``Postal Service'' means the 
     United States Postal Service.

                      Subtitle A--Postal Personnel

     SEC. 921. POSTAL SERVICE HEALTH BENEFITS PROGRAM.

       (a) Establishment.--
       (1) In general.--Chapter 89 of title 5, United States Code, 
     is amended by inserting after section 8903b the following:

     ``Sec. 8903c. Postal Service Health Benefits Program

       ``(a) Definitions.--In this section--
       ``(1) the term `initial contract year' means the contract 
     year beginning in January of the first full year that begins 
     not less than 7 months after the date of enactment of this 
     section;
       ``(2) the term `initial participating carrier' means a 
     carrier that enters into a contract with the Office to 
     participate in the Postal Service Health Benefits Program 
     during the initial contract year;
       ``(3) the term `Medicare eligible individual' means an 
     individual who--
       ``(A) is entitled to Medicare part A, but excluding an 
     individual who is eligible to enroll under such part under 
     section 1818 of the Social Security Act (42 U.S.C. 1395i-2); 
     and
       ``(B) is eligible to enroll in Medicare part B;
       ``(4) the term `Medicare part A' means the Medicare program 
     for hospital insurance benefits under part A of title XVIII 
     of the Social Security Act (42 U.S.C. 1395c et seq.);
       ``(5) the term `Medicare part B' means the Medicare program 
     for supplementary medical insurance benefits under part B of 
     title XVIII of the Social Security Act (42 U.S.C. 1395j et 
     seq.);
       ``(6) the term `Medicare part D' means the Medicare 
     insurance program established under part D of title XVIII of 
     the Social Security Act (42 U.S.C. 1395w-101 et seq.);
       ``(7) the term `Office' means the Office of Personnel 
     Management;
       ``(8) the term `Postal Service' means the United States 
     Postal Service;
       ``(9) the term `Postal Service annuitant' means an 
     annuitant enrolled in a health benefits plan under this 
     chapter whose Government contribution is paid by the Postal 
     Service or the Postal Service Retiree Health Benefits Fund 
     under section 8906(g)(2);
       ``(10) the term `Postal Service employee' means an employee 
     of the Postal Service enrolled in a health benefits plan 
     under this chapter;
       ``(11) the term `Postal Service Health Benefits Program' 
     means the program of health benefits plans established under 
     subsection (c) within the Federal Employees Health Benefits 
     Program under this chapter;
       ``(12) the term `Postal Service Medicare eligible 
     annuitant' means an individual who--
       ``(A) is a Postal Service annuitant; and
       ``(B) is a Medicare eligible individual;
       ``(13) the term `PSHBP plan' means a health benefits plan 
     offered under the Postal Service Health Benefits Program; and
       ``(14) the term `qualified carrier' means a carrier for 
     which the total enrollment in the plans provided under this 
     chapter includes, in the contract year beginning in January 
     of the year before the initial contract year, a combined 
     total of 1,500 or more enrollees who are--
       ``(A) Postal Service employees; or
       ``(B) Postal Service annuitants.
       ``(b) Application of Section.--The requirements under this 
     section shall--
       ``(1) apply to the initial contract year, and each contract 
     year thereafter; and
       ``(2) supersede other provisions of this chapter to the 
     extent of any specific inconsistency, as determined by the 
     Office.
       ``(c) Establishment of the Postal Service Health Benefits 
     Program.--
       ``(1) In general.--The Office shall establish the Postal 
     Service Health Benefits Program, which shall--
       ``(A) consist of health benefits plans offered under this 
     chapter;
       ``(B) include plans offered by--
       ``(i) each qualified carrier; and
       ``(ii) any other carrier determined appropriate by the 
     Office;
       ``(C) be available for participation by all Postal Service 
     employees, in accordance with subsection (d);
       ``(D) be available for participation by all Postal Service 
     annuitants, in accordance with subsection (d);
       ``(E) not be available for participation by an individual 
     who is not a Postal Service employee or Postal Service 
     annuitant (except as a family member of such an employee or 
     annuitant); and
       ``(F) be implemented and administered by the Office.
       ``(2) Separate postal service risk pool.--The Office shall 
     ensure that each PSHBP plan includes rates, one for 
     enrollment as an individual, one for enrollment for self plus 
     one, and one for enrollment for self and family within each 
     option in the PSHBP plan, that reasonably and equitably 
     reflect the cost of benefits provided to a risk pool 
     consisting solely of Postal Service employees and Postal 
     Service annuitants (and family members of such employees and 
     annuitants), taking into specific account the reduction in 
     benefits cost for the PSHBP plan due to the Medicare 
     enrollment requirements under subsection (e) and any savings 
     or subsidies resulting from subsection (f).
       ``(3) Actuarially equivalent coverage.--The Office shall 
     ensure that each carrier participating in the Postal Service 
     Health Benefits Program provides coverage under the PSHBP 
     plans offered by the carrier that is actuarially equivalent, 
     as determined by the Director of the Office, to the coverage 
     that the carrier provides under the health benefits plans 
     offered by the carrier under the Federal Employee Health 
     Benefits Program that are not PSHBP plans.
       ``(4) Applicability of federal employee health benefits 
     program requirements.--Except as otherwise set forth in this 
     section, all provisions of this chapter applicable to health 
     benefits plans offered by a carrier under section 8903 or 
     8903a shall apply to PSHBP plans.
       ``(5) Application of continuation coverage.--In accordance 
     with rules established by the Office, section 8905a shall 
     apply to PSHBP plans in the same manner as that section 
     applies to other health benefits plans offered under this 
     chapter.
       ``(d) Election of Coverage.--
       ``(1) In general.--Except as provided in paragraphs (2) and 
     (3), each Postal Service employee and Postal Service 
     annuitant who elects to receive health benefits coverage 
     under this chapter--
       ``(A) shall be subject to the requirements under this 
     section; and
       ``(B) may only enroll in a PSHBP plan.
       ``(2) Annuitants.--A Postal Service annuitant shall not be 
     subject to this section if the Postal Service annuitant--
       ``(A) is enrolled in a health benefits plan under this 
     chapter for the contract year before the initial contract 
     year that is not a health benefits plan offered by an initial 
     participating carrier, unless the Postal Service annuitant 
     voluntarily enrolls in a PSHBP plan;
       ``(B) resides in a geographic area--
       ``(i) for which there is not a PSHBP plan in which the 
     Postal Service annuitant may enroll; or
       ``(ii) in which there is a lack of participating Medicare 
     part B providers; or
       ``(C) would not derive benefit from enrolling in Medicare 
     part B because of comprehensive medical coverage provided by 
     the Department of Veterans Affairs or other programs.
       ``(3) Employees.--A Postal Service employee who is enrolled 
     in a health benefits plan under this chapter for the contract 
     year immediately preceding the initial contract year that is 
     not a health benefits plan offered by an initial 
     participating carrier shall not be subject to the 
     requirements under this section, except that--
       ``(A) if the Postal Service employee changes enrollment to 
     a different health benefits plan under this chapter during 
     the open season for the initial contract year, or after the 
     start of the initial contract year, the Postal Service 
     employee may only enroll in a PSHBP plan;
       ``(B) if the health benefits plan in which the Postal 
     Service employee is enrolled for such contract year becomes 
     available as a PSHBP plan, the Postal Service employee may 
     only enroll in a PSHBP plan;
       ``(C) upon becoming a Postal Service annuitant, if the 
     Postal Service employee elects to continue coverage under 
     this chapter, the Postal Service employee shall enroll in a 
     PSHBP plan during--
       ``(i) the open season that is being held when the Postal 
     Service employee becomes a Postal Service annuitant; or
       ``(ii) if the date on which the Postal Service employee 
     becomes a Postal Service annuitant falls outside of an open 
     season, the first open season following that date; and

[[Page S5282]]

       ``(D) subparagraphs (A), (B), and (C) shall not apply to an 
     employee who resides in a geographic area for which there is 
     not a PSHBP plan in which the employee may enroll.
       ``(e) Requirement of Medicare Enrollment.--
       ``(1) Postal service medicare eligible annuitants.--A 
     Postal Service Medicare eligible annuitant subject to this 
     section may not continue coverage under the Postal Service 
     Health Benefits Program unless the Postal Service Medicare 
     eligible annuitant enrolls in Medicare part A, Medicare part 
     B, and Medicare part D (as part of a prescription drug plan 
     described in subsection (f)(2)).
       ``(2) Medicare eligible family members.--If a family member 
     of a Postal Service annuitant who is subject to this section 
     is a Medicare eligible individual, the family member may not 
     be covered under the Postal Service Health Benefits Program 
     as a family member of the Postal Service annuitant unless the 
     family member enrolls in Medicare part A, Medicare part B, 
     and Medicare part D (as part of a prescription drug plan 
     described in subsection (f)(2)).
       ``(3) Process for coordinated election of enrollment under 
     medicare part b.--The Office shall establish a process under 
     which--
       ``(A) Postal Service annuitants and family members who are 
     subject to the requirements of paragraph (1) or (2)--
       ``(i) are informed, at the time of enrollment under this 
     chapter, of such requirement; and
       ``(ii) except as provided in paragraph (4), as a 
     consequence of such enrollment are deemed to have elected to 
     be enrolled under Medicare part B (under subsection (m)(1) of 
     section 1837 of the Social Security Act (42 U.S.C. 1395p)) in 
     connection with the enrollment in a PSHBP plan under this 
     chapter; and
       ``(B) the Office provides the Secretary of Health and Human 
     Services and the Commissioner of Social Security in a timely 
     manner with such information respecting such annuitants and 
     family members and such election as may be required to effect 
     their enrollment and coverage under Medicare part B and this 
     section in a timely manner.
       ``(4) Waiver for extreme financial hardship.--
       ``(A) In general.--The Postal Service, in consultation with 
     recognized labor organizations and management organizations, 
     shall establish a waiver program under which the requirement 
     to enroll in Medicare part B under paragraph (1) or (2), as 
     applicable, is waived for Postal Service annuitants and 
     family members who demonstrate extreme financial hardship.
       ``(B) Effect of waiver.--If the applicable requirement 
     described in subparagraph (A) is waived for a Postal Service 
     annuitant or family member--
       ``(i) the Postal Service shall notify the Office of the 
     waiver; and
       ``(ii) the annuitant or family member shall not be deemed 
     to have elected to be enrolled under Medicare part B as 
     described in paragraph (3)(A)(ii).
       ``(f) Medicare Coordination.--
       ``(1) In general.--The Office shall require each PSHBP plan 
     to provide benefits for Medicare eligible individuals 
     pursuant to the standard coordination of benefits method used 
     under this chapter, rather than the exclusion method or the 
     carve-out method.
       ``(2) Medicare part d prescription drug benefits.--The 
     Office shall require each PSHBP plan to provide qualified 
     prescription drug coverage for Postal Service annuitants and 
     family members who are part D eligible individuals (as 
     defined in section 1860D-1(a)(3)(A) of the Social Security 
     Act (42 U.S.C. 1395w-101(a)(3)(A)) under a prescription drug 
     plan under Medicare part D pursuant to the provisions of 
     section 1860D-22(b) (commonly referred to as an `employer 
     group waiver plan'). For purposes of the preceding sentence, 
     the carrier offering the PSHBP plan shall be deemed to be the 
     sponsor of the plan for purposes of Medicare part D.
       ``(g) Postal Service Contribution.--
       ``(1) In general.--Subject to subsection (i), for purposes 
     of applying section 8906(b) to the Postal Service, the 
     weighted average shall be calculated in accordance with 
     paragraphs (2) and (3).
       ``(2) Weighted average calculation.--Not later than October 
     1 of each year (beginning with the year before the initial 
     contract year), the Office shall determine the weighted 
     average of the rates established pursuant to subsection 
     (c)(2) for PSHBP plans that will be in effect during the 
     following contract year with respect to--
       ``(A) enrollments for self only;
       ``(B) enrollments for self plus one; and
       ``(C) enrollments for self and family.
       ``(3) Weighting in computing rates for initial contract 
     year.--In determining such weighted average of the rates for 
     the initial contract year, the Office shall take into account 
     (for purposes of section 8906(a)(2)) the enrollment of Postal 
     Service employees and annuitants in the health benefits plans 
     offered by the initial participating carriers as of March 31 
     of the year before the initial contract year.
       ``(h) Reserves.--
       ``(1) Separate reserves.--
       ``(A) In general.--The Office shall ensure that each PSHBP 
     plan maintains separate reserves (including a separate 
     contingency reserve) with respect to the enrollees in the 
     PSHBP plan in accordance with section 8909.
       ``(B) References.--For purposes of the Postal Service 
     Health Benefits Program, each reference to `the Government' 
     in section 8909 shall be deemed to be a reference to the 
     Postal Service.
       ``(C) Amounts to be credited.--The reserves (including the 
     separate contingency reserve) maintained by each PSHBP plan 
     shall be credited with a proportionate amount of the funds in 
     the existing reserves for health benefits plans offered by an 
     initial participating carrier.
       ``(2) Discontinuation of pshbp plan.--In applying section 
     8909(e) relating to a PSHBP plan that is discontinued, the 
     Office shall credit the separate Postal Service contingency 
     reserve maintained under paragraph (1) for that plan only to 
     the separate Postal Service contingency reserves of the PSHBP 
     plans continuing under this chapter.
       ``(i) No Effect on Existing Law.--Nothing in this section 
     shall be construed as affecting section 1005(f) of title 39 
     regarding variations, additions, or substitutions to the 
     provisions of this chapter.
       ``(j) Medicare Education Program.--Not later than 180 days 
     after the date of enactment of this section, the Postal 
     Service shall establish a Medicare Education Program, under 
     which the Postal Service shall--
       ``(1) notify annuitants and employees of the Postal Service 
     about the Postal Service Health Benefits Program;
       ``(2) provide information regarding the Postal Service 
     Health Benefits Program to such annuitants and employees, 
     including--
       ``(A) a description of the health care options available 
     under the Postal Service Health Benefits Program;
       ``(B) the requirement that annuitants be enrolled in 
     Medicare under subsection (e)(1); and
       ``(C) the premium subsidies under section 923 of the Postal 
     Service Reform Act of 2018; and
       ``(3) respond and provide answers to any inquiry from such 
     annuitants and employees about the Postal Service Health 
     Benefits Program or Medicare enrollment.''.
       (2) Technical and conforming amendments.--
       (A) Section 8903(1) of title 5, United States Code, is 
     amended by striking ``two levels of benefits'' and inserting 
     ``2 levels of benefits for enrollees under this chapter 
     generally and 2 levels of benefits for enrollees under the 
     Postal Service Health Benefits Program established under 
     section 8903c''.
       (B) The table of sections for chapter 89 of title 5, United 
     States Code, is amended by inserting after the item relating 
     to section 8903b the following:

``8903c. Postal Service Health Benefits Program.''.
       (b) Coordination With Medicare.--
       (1) Medicare enrollment and coverage.--Section 1837 of the 
     Social Security Act (42 U.S.C. 1395p) is amended by adding at 
     the end the following new subsection:
       ``(m)(1) In the case of an individual who--
       ``(A) is (i) a Postal Service Medicare eligible annuitant, 
     or (ii) an individual who is a family member of such an 
     annuitant and is a Medicare eligible individual;
       ``(B) enrolls in a PSHBP plan under section 8903c of title 
     5, United States Code; and
       ``(C) is not enrolled under this part,
     the individual is deemed, in accordance with section 
     8903c(e)(3) of such title, to have elected to be enrolled 
     under this part.
       ``(2) In the case of an individual who is deemed to have 
     elected to be enrolled under paragraph (1), the coverage 
     period under this part shall begin on the date that the 
     individual first has coverage under the PSHBP plan pursuant 
     to the enrollment described in paragraph (1)(B).
       ``(3) The provisions of section 1838(b) shall apply to an 
     individual who is deemed to have elected to be enrolled under 
     paragraph (1).
       ``(4) The Secretary, the Commissioner of Social Security, 
     the United States Postal Service, and the Office of Personnel 
     Management shall coordinate to monitor premiums paid by 
     individuals who are deemed to have elected to be enrolled 
     under paragraph (1) for purposes of determining whether those 
     individuals are in compliance with the applicable 
     requirements under section 8903c(e) of title 5, United States 
     Code.
       ``(5) The definitions in section 8903c(a) of title 5, 
     United States Code, shall apply for purposes of this 
     subsection.''.
       (2) Waiver of increase of premium.--Section 1839(b) of the 
     Social Security Act (42 U.S.C. 1395r(b)) is amended by 
     inserting after ``section 1837,'' the following: ``and not 
     pursuant to a deemed enrollment under subsection (m) of such 
     section during the open season for the initial contract year 
     (as defined in section 8903c(a) of title 5, United States 
     Code) of the Postal Service Health Benefits Program,''.
       (3) Conforming coordination of benefit rules.--Section 
     1862(b) of the Social Security Act (42 U.S.C. 1395y(b)) is 
     amended by adding at the end the following:
       ``(10) Coordination of benefits with postal service health 
     benefits plans.--Paragraphs (1) through (9) shall apply 
     except to the extent that the Secretary, in consultation with 
     the Office of Personnel Management, determines those 
     paragraphs to be inconsistent with section 8903c(f) of title 
     5, United States Code.''.

     SEC. 922. POSTAL SERVICE RETIREE HEALTH CARE BENEFIT FUNDING 
                   REFORM.

       (a) Contributions.--Section 8906(g) of title 5, United 
     States Code, is amended--
       (1) by striking ``(2)(A) The Government'' and inserting 
     ``(2)(A)(i) The Government''; and
       (2) in paragraph (2)--
       (A) in subparagraph (A)--

[[Page S5283]]

       (i) in clause (i), as added by paragraph (1), by striking 
     ``shall through September 30, 2016, be paid'' and all that 
     follows and inserting the following: ``shall be paid as 
     provided in clause (ii).''; and
       (ii) by adding at the end the following:
       ``(ii) With respect to the Government contributions 
     required to be paid under clause (i)--
       ``(I) the portion of the contributions that is equal to the 
     amount of the net claims costs under the enrollment of the 
     individuals described in clause (i) shall be paid from the 
     Postal Service Retiree Health Benefits Fund up to the amount 
     contained in the Fund; and
       ``(II) any remaining amount shall be paid by the United 
     States Postal Service.''; and
       (B) by adding at the end the following:
       ``(C) For purposes of this paragraph, the amount of the net 
     claims costs under the enrollment of an individual described 
     in subparagraph (A)(i) shall be the amount, as determined by 
     the Office over any particular period of time, equal to the 
     difference between--
       ``(i) the sum of--
       ``(I) the costs incurred by a carrier in providing health 
     services to, paying for health services provided to, or 
     reimbursing expenses for health services provided to, the 
     individual and any other person covered under the enrollment 
     of the individual; and
       ``(II) an amount of indirect expenses reasonably allocable 
     to the provision, payment, or reimbursement described in 
     subclause (I), as determined by the Office; and
       ``(ii) the amount withheld from the annuity of the 
     individual or otherwise paid by the individual under this 
     section.
       ``(D) Any computation by the Office under this section that 
     relates to an individual described in subparagraph (A)(i) of 
     this paragraph shall be made in consultation with the United 
     States Postal Service.''.
       (b) Postal Service Retiree Health Benefits Fund.--Section 
     8909a(d) of title 5, United States Code, is amended--
       (1) in paragraph (1)--
       (A) by striking ``Office'' and inserting ``United States 
     Postal Service''; and
       (B) by striking ``required under section 8906(g)(2)(A)'' 
     and inserting the following: ``required to be paid from the 
     Postal Service Retiree Health Benefits Fund under section 
     8906(g)(2)(A)(ii)(I)'';
       (2) by striking paragraphs (2) and (4);
       (3) by redesignating paragraph (3) as paragraph (4);
       (4) by inserting after paragraph (1) the following:
       ``(2) The United States Postal Service shall make 
     sufficient payments into the Fund, in accordance with 
     paragraphs (4) and (5)(B), so that the value of the assets of 
     the Fund is equal to the Postal Service actuarial liability.
       ``(3)(A) Not later than June 30, 2020, the United States 
     Postal Service shall compute, and by June 30 of each 
     succeeding year, the United States Postal Service shall 
     recompute, a schedule including a series of annual 
     installments that provide for the liquidation of the amount 
     described under subparagraph (B) (regardless of whether the 
     amount is a liability or surplus) by September 30 of the 
     first fiscal year that begins 40 years after the date of 
     enactment of the Postal Service Reform Act of 2018 (unless 
     the schedule is extended as provided in paragraph 
     (4)(C)(ii)(II)), including interest at the rate used in the 
     computations under this subsection.
       ``(B) The amount described in this subparagraph is the 
     amount, as of the date on which the applicable computation or 
     recomputation under subparagraph (A) is made, that is equal 
     to the difference between--
       ``(i) 80 percent of the Postal Service actuarial liability 
     as of September 30 of the preceding fiscal year; and
       ``(ii) the value of the assets of the Postal Service 
     Retiree Health Benefits Fund as of September 30 of the 
     preceding fiscal year.'';
       (5) in paragraph (4), as so redesignated--
       (A) in subparagraph (A)--
       (i) in clause (iii), by adding ``and'' at the end;
       (ii) in clause (iv), by striking the semicolon at the end 
     and inserting a period; and
       (iii) by striking clauses (v) through (x);
       (B) in subparagraph (B)--
       (i) in clause (i), by striking ``paragraph (1)'' and 
     inserting ``paragraph (1), except to the extent the payment 
     would cause the value of the assets in the Fund to exceed the 
     Postal Service actuarial liability''; and
       (ii) in clause (ii)--

       (I) by inserting ``except as provided in subparagraph 
     (C),'' before ``any''; and
       (II) by striking ``paragraph (2)(B).'' and inserting 
     ``paragraph (3).''; and

       (C) by adding at the end the following:
       ``(C)(i) Upon request by the United States Postal Service, 
     the Postal Regulatory Commission may waive the annual 
     installment payment required to be made in a fiscal year 
     under subparagraph (B)(ii) if the United States Postal 
     Service meets conditions established by the Postal Regulatory 
     Commission related to--
       ``(I) financial stability and retained earnings; and
       ``(II) the capability to maintain a high level of service.
       ``(ii) If the Postal Regulatory Commission waives the 
     annual installment payment required to be made in a fiscal 
     year under subparagraph (B)(ii)--
       ``(I) for purposes of any financial reporting by the United 
     States Postal Service, the payment shall be deemed to have 
     been made; and
       ``(II) the United States Postal Service shall extend the 
     liquidation schedule under paragraph (3)(A) by 1 year.
       ``(iii) If the United States Postal Service does not 
     request a waiver of the annual installment payment required 
     to be made in a fiscal year under subparagraph (B)(ii) and 
     does not make the payment, the United States Postal Service 
     may not increase rates for market-dominant products under 
     section 3622 of title 39 during the following fiscal year.'';
       (6) by redesignating paragraph (6) as paragraph (8);
       (7) by striking paragraph (5) and inserting the following:
       ``(5)(A) Concurrently with each computation or 
     recomputation under paragraph (3), the United States Postal 
     Service shall compute the amount, as of the date of the 
     computation, that is equal to the difference between--
       ``(i) the Postal Service actuarial liability as of 
     September 30 of the preceding fiscal year; and
       ``(ii) the value of the assets of the Postal Service 
     Retiree Health Benefits Fund as of September 30 of the 
     preceding fiscal year.
       ``(B) If the United States Postal Service disposes of any 
     property owned or leased by the United States Postal Service, 
     and, based on the most recent computation under subparagraph 
     (A), the amount described in clause (i) of that subparagraph 
     is greater than the amount described in clause (ii) of that 
     subparagraph, the United States Postal Service shall pay into 
     the Fund the lesser of--
       ``(i) the amount of net profit to the United States Postal 
     Service resulting from the disposal of property (as 
     determined by the Postal Regulatory Commission); or
       ``(ii) the amount computed under subparagraph (A).
       ``(C) The United States Postal Service shall make each 
     payment required under subparagraph (B) without regard to 
     whether the United States Postal Service has completed the 
     annual installment payments required under paragraph 
     (4)(B)(ii), as scheduled under paragraph (3)(A).
       ``(6) Computations under this subsection shall be based 
     on--
       ``(A) economic and actuarial methods and assumptions 
     consistent with the methods and assumptions used in 
     determining the Postal surplus or supplemental liability 
     under section 8348(h); and
       ``(B) any other methods and assumptions, including a health 
     care cost trend rate, that the Director of the Office 
     determines to be appropriate.
       ``(7)(A) The Office shall provide to the United States 
     Postal Service any data necessary for computations under this 
     subsection.
       ``(B) Upon computing an amount or schedule under this 
     subsection for a fiscal year, the United States Postal 
     Service shall provide the data used for the computation to 
     the Postal Regulatory Commission for review of the 
     computation.
       ``(C) Not later than 30 days after receiving data from the 
     United States Postal Service under subparagraph (B), the 
     Postal Regulatory Commission, in consultation with the United 
     States Postal Service, shall--
       ``(i) determine whether the amount or schedule was computed 
     in accordance with this subsection;
       ``(ii) if the amount or schedule was computed in accordance 
     with this subsection, submit to the Office a certification 
     that the amount or schedule is the definitive amount or 
     schedule for that fiscal year; and
       ``(iii) if the amount or schedule was not computed in 
     accordance with this subsection, request that the Office 
     recompute the amount or schedule.
       ``(D)(i) Not later than 30 days after receiving a request 
     from the Postal Regulatory Commission under subparagraph 
     (C)(iii), the Office shall recompute the amount or schedule.
       ``(ii) If the Office recomputes an amount or schedule under 
     clause (i), the recomputed amount or schedule shall be the 
     definitive amount or schedule for that fiscal year for 
     purposes of this subsection.''; and
       (8) by adding at the end the following:
       ``(9) In this subsection, the term `Postal Service 
     actuarial liability' means the difference between--
       ``(A) the net present value of future payments required to 
     be paid from the Postal Service Retiree Health Benefits Fund 
     under section 8906(g)(2)(A)(ii)(I) for current and future 
     United States Postal Service annuitants; and
       ``(B) the net present value as computed under paragraph (1) 
     attributable to the future service of United States Postal 
     Service employees.
       ``(10) For purposes of computing an amount under paragraph 
     (1) or (9)(A), section 8906(g)(2)(A)(ii)(I) shall be applied 
     as though `up to the amount contained in the Fund' were 
     struck.''.
       (c) Cancellation of Certain Unpaid Obligations of the 
     Postal Service.--Any obligation of the Postal Service under 
     section 8909a(d)(3)(A) of title 5, United States Code, as in 
     effect on the day before the date of enactment of this Act, 
     that remains unpaid as of such date of enactment is canceled.
       (d) One-time Transfer to Medicare Funds.--
       (1) Definitions.--In this subsection--
       (A) the term ``applicable fiscal year'' means the first 
     fiscal year beginning on or after October 1, 2021, in which 
     the amount computed under paragraph (3)(B) of section

[[Page S5284]]

     8909a(d) of title 5, United States Code (as amended by 
     subsection (b)) is a surplus; and
       (B) the term ``Medicare fund'' means--
       (i) the Federal Hospital Insurance Trust Fund under section 
     1817 of the Social Security Act (42 U.S.C. 1395i);
       (ii) the Federal Supplementary Medical Insurance Trust Fund 
     under section 1841 of such Act (42 U.S.C. 1395t); and
       (iii) the Medicare Prescription Drug Account under section 
     1860D-16 of such Act (42 U.S.C. 1395w-116).
       (2) Transfer required.--Not later than 30 days after the 
     date on which the schedule under paragraph (3)(A) of section 
     8909a(d) of title 5, United States Code (as amended by 
     subsection (b)) in the applicable fiscal year is certified by 
     the Commission or recomputed by the Office of Personnel 
     Management, as applicable under paragraph (6) of such section 
     8909a(d)--
       (A) the Secretary of Health and Human Services shall--
       (i) estimate the amount of the increased expenditures 
     required from the Medicare funds, including the amount 
     required from each such fund, by reason of the requirements 
     under section 8903c(e) of title 5, United States Code (as 
     added by section 921(a)(1) of this title) for the 10-year 
     period beginning on the date of enactment of this Act; and
       (ii) notify the Secretary of the Treasury and the Postal 
     Service of the amount estimated under clause (i); and
       (B) the Secretary of the Treasury shall transfer from the 
     Postal Service Retiree Health Benefits Fund to the Medicare 
     funds an amount equal to the amount estimated by the 
     Secretary of Health and Human Services under subparagraph 
     (A)(i), in accordance with paragraph (3) of this subsection.
       (3) Distribution.--An amount transferred under subparagraph 
     (B) of paragraph (2) shall be divided among the Medicare 
     funds in proportion to the increased expenditures required 
     from each such fund, as estimated by the Secretary of Health 
     and Human Services under subparagraph (A)(i) of that 
     paragraph.
       (e) Technical and Conforming Amendment.--The heading of 
     section 8909a of title 5, United States Code, is amended by 
     striking ``Benefit'' and inserting ``Benefits''.
       (f) Sense of Congress.--It is the sense of Congress that 
     nothing in this section or the amendments made by this 
     section is intended to establish a precedent with respect to 
     Federal employees at large, given that the Postal Service is 
     a unique entity within the Federal Government and benefits 
     for employees of the Postal Service are only partially 
     integrated with benefits for Federal employees at large.

     SEC. 923. MEDICARE PART B PREMIUM SUBSIDY FOR NEWLY ENROLLING 
                   POSTAL SERVICE ANNUITANTS AND FAMILY MEMBERS.

       (a) Definitions.--In this section--
       (1) the term ``eligible individual'' means a Postal Service 
     annuitant, or a family member of a Postal Service annuitant, 
     who--
       (A) newly enrolls in Medicare part B during the open season 
     for the initial contract year pursuant to a deemed enrollment 
     under subsection (m) of section 1837 of the Social Security 
     Act (42 U.S.C. 1395p), as added by section 921 of this title; 
     and
       (B) is not eligible for Medicare cost-sharing or any other 
     subsidies for Medicare part B premium payments;
       (2) the term ``initial contract year'' has the meaning 
     given the term in section 8903c(a) of title 5, United States 
     Code, as added by section 921 of this title;
       (3) the term ``Medicare cost-sharing'' means Medicare cost-
     sharing described in section 1905(p)(3)(A)(ii) of the Social 
     Security Act (42 U.S.C. 1396d(p)(3)(A)(ii)) under a State 
     plan under title XIX of that Act (42 U.S.C. 1396 et seq.);
       (4) the term ``Medicare part B'' means the Medicare program 
     for supplementary medical insurance benefits under part B of 
     title XVIII of the Social Security Act (42 U.S.C. 1395j et 
     seq.); and
       (5) the term ``Postal Service annuitant'' has the meaning 
     given the term in section 8903c(a) of title 5, United States 
     Code, as added by section 921 of this title.
       (b) Subsidies.--With respect to the monthly Medicare part B 
     premium payments of eligible individuals (taking into account 
     any adjustments, including those under subsections (b) and 
     (i) of section 1839 of the Social Security Act (42 U.S.C. 
     1395r)), the Postal Service--
       (1) in the initial contract year, shall subsidize 75 
     percent of the Medicare part B premium payments;
       (2) in the first year after the initial contract year, 
     shall subsidize 50 percent of the Medicare part B premium 
     payments; and
       (3) in the second year after the initial contract year, 
     shall subsidize 25 percent of the Medicare part B premium 
     payments.
       (c) Fund.--The Postal Service shall establish a fund to 
     provide the subsidies required under subsection (b).

     SEC. 924. POSTAL SERVICE PENSION FUNDING REFORM.

       (a) Civil Service Retirement System.--Section 8348(h) of 
     title 5, United States Code, is amended--
       (1) in paragraph (2), by striking subparagraphs (B) and (C) 
     and inserting the following:
       ``(B) The Office shall redetermine the Postal surplus or 
     supplemental liability as of the close of the fiscal year, 
     for each fiscal year beginning after September 30, 2016. 
     Subject to subparagraph (C), beginning June 15, 2019, if the 
     result is a surplus or a supplemental liability, the Office 
     shall establish an amortization schedule, including a series 
     of annual installments commencing on September 30 of the 
     subsequent fiscal year, which provides for the liquidation of 
     the surplus or liability to the Postal Service or the Fund 
     (as the case may be) by September 30, 2044.
       ``(C) Not later than June 30, 2034, the Office shall 
     determine, and thereafter shall redetermine as necessary, but 
     not more frequently than once per year, the appropriate date 
     by which to complete the liquidation of any remaining surplus 
     or liability determined under this paragraph. The appropriate 
     date shall be determined in accordance with generally 
     accepted actuarial practices and principles and shall not be 
     later than 15 years after the date on which the determination 
     is made.''; and
       (2) by adding at the end the following:
       ``(4) For the purpose of carrying out paragraph (1), for 
     fiscal year 2018 and each fiscal year thereafter, the Office 
     shall use--
       ``(A) demographic factors specific to current and former 
     employees of the United States Postal Service, unless such 
     data cannot be generated; and
       ``(B) economic assumptions regarding wage and salary growth 
     that reflect the specific past, and likely future, pay for 
     current employees of the United States Postal Service.''.
       (b) Federal Employees Retirement System Liability 
     Assumption Reform.--Section 8423 of title 5, United States 
     Code, is amended--
       (1) in subsection (a)--
       (A) in paragraph (1)--
       (i) in subparagraph (A)--

       (I) in clause (i), by striking ``subparagraph (B)),'' and 
     inserting ``subparagraph (B) or (C)),''; and
       (II) in clause (ii), by striking ``and'' at the end;

       (ii) in subparagraph (B)(ii), by striking the period at the 
     end and inserting ``; and''; and
       (iii) by adding at the end the following:
       ``(C) the product of--
       ``(i) the normal-cost percentage, as determined for 
     employees (other than employees covered by subparagraph (B)) 
     of the United States Postal Service under paragraph (5), 
     multiplied by
       ``(ii) the aggregate amount of basic pay payable by the 
     United States Postal Service, for the period involved, to 
     employees of the United States Postal Service.''; and
       (B) by adding at the end the following:
       ``(5)(A) In determining the normal-cost percentage for 
     employees of the United States Postal Service for purposes of 
     paragraph (1)(C), the Office shall use--
       ``(i) demographic factors specific to such employees, 
     unless such data cannot be generated; and
       ``(ii) economic assumptions regarding wage and salary 
     growth that reflect the specific past, and likely future, pay 
     for such employees.
       ``(B) The United States Postal Service shall provide any 
     data or projections the Office requires in order to determine 
     the normal-cost percentage for employees of the United States 
     Postal Service, consistent with subparagraph (A).
       ``(C) The Office shall review the determination of the 
     normal-cost percentage for employees of the United States 
     Postal Service and make such adjustments as the Office 
     considers necessary--
       ``(i) upon request of the United States Postal Service, but 
     not more frequently than once each fiscal year; and
       ``(ii) at such other times as the Office considers 
     appropriate.
       ``(6) For the purpose of carrying out subsection (b)(1)(B), 
     and consistent with paragraph (5), for fiscal year 2018, and 
     each fiscal year thereafter, the Office shall use--
       ``(A) demographic factors specific to current and former 
     employees of the United States Postal Service, unless such 
     data cannot be generated; and
       ``(B) economic assumptions regarding wage and salary growth 
     that reflect the specific past, and likely future, pay for 
     current employees of the United States Postal Service.''; and
       (2) in subsection (b)--
       (A) by redesignating paragraph (5) as paragraph (6); and
       (B) by inserting after paragraph (4) the following:
       ``(5)(A) In this paragraph, the term `postal funding 
     surplus' means the amount by which the amount of the 
     supplemental liability computed under paragraph (1)(B) is 
     less than zero.
       ``(B) If the amount of supplemental liability computed 
     under paragraph (1)(B) as of the close of any fiscal year 
     after the date of enactment of the Postal Service Reform Act 
     of 2018 is less than zero, the Office shall establish an 
     amortization schedule, including a series of equal annual 
     installments that--
       ``(i) provide for the liquidation of the postal funding 
     surplus in 30 years, commencing on September 30 of the 
     subsequent fiscal year; and
       ``(ii) shall be transferred to the Postal Service Fund.''.

     SEC. 925. SUPERVISORY AND OTHER MANAGERIAL ORGANIZATIONS.

       Not later than 3 years after the date of enactment of this 
     Act, the Inspector General of the Postal Service shall submit 
     to Congress a report on compliance by the Postal Service with 
     outcomes of consultative discussions under section 1004(e) of 
     title 39, United States Code, held with postal management 
     organizations on changes in, or termination of, pay policies 
     and schedules and fringe benefit programs for members of the 
     postal

[[Page S5285]]

     management organization, including changes in, or termination 
     of, policies governing pay-for-performance systems covering 
     supervisory and management employees.

     SEC. 926. RIGHT OF APPEAL TO MERIT SYSTEMS PROTECTION BOARD.

       Section 1005(a)(4)(A)(ii)(I) of title 39, United States 
     Code, is amended to read as follows:
       ``(I) is an employee of the Postal Service or the Office of 
     the Inspector General who is not represented by a bargaining 
     representative recognized under section 1203; and''.

              Subtitle B--Postal Service Operations Reform

     SEC. 941. GOVERNANCE REFORM.

       (a) Board of Governors.--
       (1) In general.--Section 202 of title 39, United States 
     Code, is amended to read as follows:

     ``Sec. 202. Board of Governors

       ``(a) In General.--There is established in the Postal 
     Service a Board of Governors composed of 5 Governors, a 
     Postmaster General, and a Deputy Postmaster General, all of 
     whom shall be appointed in accordance with this section. The 
     Governors shall have the power to--
       ``(1) exercise the powers of the Postal Service, consistent 
     with section 203(c);
       ``(2) appoint, fix the term of service of, and remove the 
     Postmaster General;
       ``(3) in consultation with the Postmaster General, appoint, 
     fix the term of service of, and remove the Deputy Postmaster 
     General;
       ``(4) set the strategic direction of postal operations and 
     approve the pricing and product strategy for the Postal 
     Service;
       ``(5) set the compensation of the Postmaster General and 
     the Deputy Postmaster General in accordance with private 
     sector best practices, as determined by the Governors 
     pursuant to section 3686; and
       ``(6) carry out any other duties specifically provided for 
     in this title.
       ``(b) Appointment; Pay.--
       ``(1) In general.--The Governors shall be appointed by the 
     President, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate, 
     not more than 3 of whom may be adherents of the same 
     political party. The Governors shall elect a Chair from among 
     their members. The Governors shall represent the public 
     interest generally, and shall be chosen solely on the basis 
     of their experience in the field of public administration, 
     law, or accounting, or on their demonstrated ability in 
     managing organizations or corporations (in either the public 
     or private sector) of substantial size, except that at least 
     3 of the Governors shall be chosen solely on the basis of 
     their demonstrated ability in managing organizations or 
     corporations (in either the public or private sector) that 
     employ at least 10,000 employees. The Governors shall not be 
     representatives of specific interests using the Postal 
     Service, and may be removed only for cause.
       ``(2) Compensation.--Each Governor shall receive a salary 
     of $30,000 a year plus $300 a day for not more than 42 days 
     of meetings each year and shall be reimbursed for travel and 
     reasonable expenses incurred in attending meetings of the 
     Board. Nothing in the preceding sentence shall be construed 
     to limit the number of days of meetings each year to 42 days.
       ``(3) Consultation.--In selecting the individuals described 
     in paragraph (1) for nomination for appointment to the 
     position of Governor, the President should consult with the 
     Speaker of the House of Representatives, the minority leader 
     of the House of Representatives, the majority leader of the 
     Senate, and the minority leader of the Senate.
       ``(c) Terms of Governors.--
       ``(1) In general.--The terms of the 5 Governors shall be 7 
     years, except that the terms of the 5 Governors first taking 
     office shall expire as designated by the President at the 
     time of appointment, 1 at the end of 1 year, 1 at the end of 
     2 years, 1 at the end of 3 years, 1 at the end of 4 years, 
     and 1 at the end of 5 years, following the appointment of the 
     first of them. Any Governor appointed to fill a vacancy 
     before the expiration of the term for which the Governor's 
     predecessor was appointed shall serve for the remainder of 
     such term. A Governor may continue to serve after the 
     expiration of the Governor's term until such Governor's 
     successor has qualified, but not to exceed one year.
       ``(2) Limitation.--No individual may serve more than 2 
     terms as a Governor.
       ``(d) Staff.--The Chair of the Board of Governors shall 
     ensure that the Board has appropriate independent staff to 
     carry out the roles and responsibilities of the Board and the 
     Governors.''.
       (2) Application.--Any individual serving as a Governor on 
     the Board of Governors of the Postal Service on the date of 
     enactment of this Act shall continue to serve as a Governor 
     until the term applicable to such individual expires (as 
     determined under section 202(b) of title 39, United States 
     Code, as in effect before the amendments made by this section 
     take effect pursuant to subsection (g)).
       (b) Postmaster General.--
       (1) In general.--Section 203 of title 39, United States 
     Code, is amended to read as follows:

     ``Sec. 203. Postmaster General

       ``(a) In General.--The chief executive officer of the 
     Postal Service is the Postmaster General, appointed pursuant 
     to section 202(a)(2). The alternate chief executive officer 
     of the Postal Service is the Deputy Postmaster General, 
     appointed pursuant to section 202(a)(3).
       ``(b) Powers.--Consistent with the requirements of this 
     title, the exercise of the power of the Postal Service shall 
     be vested in the Governors and carried out by the Postmaster 
     General in a manner consistent with the strategic direction 
     and pricing and product strategy approved by the Governors. 
     The Postmaster General shall, in accordance with bylaws 
     determined appropriate by the Board, consult with the 
     Governors and the Deputy Postmaster General in carrying out 
     such power.''.
       (2) Conforming amendment.--The item relating to section 203 
     in the table of sections for chapter 2 of title 39, United 
     States Code, is amended to read as follows:

``203. Postmaster General.''.
       (c) Procedures of the Board.--Section 205 of title 39, 
     United States Code, is amended to read as follows:

     ``Sec. 205. Procedures of the Board of Governors and the 
       Governors

       ``(a) Vacancies.--Vacancies in the Board shall not impair 
     the powers of the Board or the Governors under this title.
       ``(b) Vote.--The Board and the Governors shall act upon 
     majority vote of those members who are present, subject to 
     such quorum requirements as the Board and the Governors may 
     respectively establish.
       ``(c) Limitation.--No officer or employee of the United 
     States may serve concurrently as a Governor. A Governor may 
     hold any other office or employment not inconsistent or in 
     conflict with the Governor's duties, responsibilities, and 
     powers as an officer of the Government of the United States 
     in the Postal Service.''.
       (d) Delegation of Authority.--Section 402 of title 39, 
     United States Code, is amended to read as follows:

     ``Sec. 402. Delegation of authority

       ``(a) Postmaster General.--The Postmaster General may 
     delegate his or her authority under such terms, conditions, 
     and limitations, including the power of redelegation, as he 
     or she determines desirable. The Postmaster General may 
     establish such committees of officers and employees of the 
     Postal Service, and delegate such powers to any committee, as 
     the Postmaster General determines appropriate to carry out 
     his or her functions and duties. Delegations under this 
     section shall be consistent with other provisions of this 
     title, shall not relieve the Postmaster General of full 
     responsibility for the carrying out the Postmaster General's 
     duties and functions, and shall be revocable by the 
     Postmaster General.
       ``(b) Board of Governors.--The Board may establish such 
     committees of the Board, and delegate such powers to any 
     committee, as the Board determines appropriate to carry out 
     its functions and duties. Delegations to committees shall be 
     consistent with other provisions of this title, shall not 
     relieve the Board of full responsibility for the carrying out 
     of its duties and functions, and shall be revocable by the 
     Board in its exclusive judgment.''.
       (e) International Postal Arrangements.--
       (1) In general.--Section 407 of title 39, United States 
     Code, is amended by adding at the end the following:
       ``(f) After submission to the Postal Regulatory Commission 
     by the Department of State of the budget detailing the 
     estimated costs of carrying out the activities under this 
     section, and the Commission's review and approval of such 
     submission, the Postal Service shall transfer to the 
     Department of State, from any funds available to the Postal 
     Service, such sums as may be reasonable, documented, and 
     auditable for the Department of State to carry out such 
     activities.''.
       (2) Application.--The amendment made by paragraph (1) shall 
     take effect on October 1 of the first fiscal year beginning 
     after the date of enactment of this Act.
       (3) Conforming amendment.--Section 633 of title VI of the 
     Treasury and General Government Appropriations Act, 1999 
     (Public Law 105-277; 39 U.S.C. 407 note) is amended by 
     striking subsection (d).
       (f) Technical and Conforming Amendments.--Title 39, United 
     States Code, is amended--
       (1) in section 102(3)--
       (A) by striking ``9 members'' and inserting ``5 members''; 
     and
       (B) by striking ``section 202(a)'' and inserting ``section 
     202(b)(1)'';
       (2) in section 204--
       (A) by striking ``the Board'' and inserting ``the 
     Postmaster General''; and
       (B) by striking ``the Governors and'';
       (3) in section 207, by striking ``the Board'' and inserting 
     ``the Postal Service'';
       (4) in section 414(b)(2), by striking ``the Governors'' 
     each place the term appears and inserting ``the Postal 
     Service'';
       (5) in section 416(c)--
       (A) by striking ``the Governors'' and inserting ``the 
     Postal Service''; and
       (B) by striking ``they'' and inserting ``the Postal 
     Service'';
       (6) in section 1011, by striking ``the Board'' and 
     inserting ``the Postal Service'';
       (7) by striking section 2402 and inserting the following:

     ``Sec. 2402. Annual report

       ``The Postmaster General shall render an annual report 
     concerning the operations of the Postal Service under this 
     title to the President and Congress.'';
       (8) in section 3632--

[[Page S5286]]

       (A) by striking the section heading, and inserting 
     ``Establishment of rates and classes of competitive 
     products'';
       (B) by striking subsection (a) and redesignating 
     subsections (b) and (c) as subsections (a) and (b), 
     respectively;
       (C) in paragraph (a)(2) (as redesignated by subparagraph 
     (B)), by striking ``and the record of the Governors' 
     proceedings in connection with such decision'';
       (D) in paragraph (a)(3) (as redesignated by subparagraph 
     (B))--
       (i) by striking ``and the record of the proceedings in 
     connection with such decision''; and
       (ii) by striking ``the Governors consider'' and inserting 
     ``the Postal Service considers''; and
       (E) by striking ``the Governors'' each place the term 
     appears and inserting ``the Postal Service''; and
       (9) in the table of sections for chapter 36, by striking 
     the item relating to section 3632 and inserting the 
     following:

``3632. Establishment of rates and classes of competitive products.''.
       (g) Delayed Effective Date.--The amendments made by this 
     section shall take effect on the date that is 30 days after 
     the date of enactment of this Act.

     SEC. 942. MODERNIZING POSTAL RATES.

       (a) Adequacy, Efficiency, and Fairness of Postal Rates.--
       (1) Objectives.--Section 3622(b) of title 39, United States 
     Code, is amended--
       (A) in paragraph (2), by inserting ``and ensure'' after 
     ``create'';
       (B) in paragraph (3)--
       (i) by inserting ``and meet'' after ``maintain''; and
       (ii) by inserting ``, with a focus on achieving predictable 
     and consistent delivery'' before the period at the end;
       (C) in paragraph (5), by inserting ``establish and'' before 
     ``maintain'';
       (D) in paragraph (6), by striking ``process'' and inserting 
     ``and cost attribution processes''; and
       (E) in paragraph (9), by inserting ``(and to ensure 
     appropriate levels of transparency)'' before the period at 
     the end.
       (2) Factors.--Section 3622(c) of title 39, United States 
     Code, is amended to read as follows:
       ``(c) Factors.--In establishing or revising such system, 
     the Postal Regulatory Commission shall take into account the 
     following factors:
       ``(1) The effect of rate increases upon the general public 
     and business mail users.
       ``(2) The available alternative means of sending and 
     receiving written communications, information, and letters 
     and other mail matter at reasonable costs.
       ``(3) The reliability of delivery timelines and the extent 
     to which the Postal Service is meeting its service standard 
     obligations.
       ``(4) The need to ensure that the Postal Service has 
     adequate revenues and has taken appropriate cost-cutting 
     measures to maintain financial stability and meet all legal 
     obligations.
       ``(5) The extent to which the Postal Service has taken 
     actions to increase its efficiency and reduce its costs.
       ``(6) The value of the mail service actually provided by 
     each class or type of mail service to both the sender and the 
     recipient, including the collection, mode of transportation, 
     and priority of delivery.
       ``(7) The requirement that each class of mail or type of 
     mail service bear the direct and indirect postal costs 
     attributable to each class or type of mail service through 
     reliably identified causal relationships plus that portion of 
     all other costs of the Postal Service reasonably assignable 
     to such class or type.
       ``(8) The degree of preparation of mail for delivery into 
     the postal system performed by the mailer and its effect upon 
     improving efficiency and reducing costs to the Postal 
     Service.
       ``(9) Simplicity of structure for the entire schedule and 
     simple, identifiable relationships between the rates or fees 
     charged the various classes of mail for postal services.
       ``(10) The importance of pricing flexibility to encourage 
     increased mail volume and operational efficiency.
       ``(11) The relative value to postal users of the kinds of 
     mail matter entered into the postal system and the 
     desirability and justification for special classifications 
     and services of mail.
       ``(12) The importance of providing classifications with 
     extremely high degrees of reliability and speed of delivery 
     and of providing those that do not require high degrees of 
     reliability and speed of delivery.
       ``(13) The desirability of special classifications for both 
     postal users and the Postal Service in accordance with the 
     policies of this title, including agreements between the 
     Postal Service and postal users, when available on public and 
     reasonable terms to similarly situated mailers, that--
       ``(A) improve the net financial position of the Postal 
     Service by reducing Postal Service costs or increasing the 
     overall contribution to the institutional costs of the Postal 
     Service; and
       ``(B) do not cause--
       ``(i) unfair competitive advantage for the Postal Service 
     or postal users eligible for the agreements; or
       ``(ii) unreasonable disruption to the volume or revenues of 
     other postal users.
       ``(14) The educational, cultural, scientific, and 
     informational value to the recipient of mail matter.
       ``(15) The need for the Postal Service to increase its 
     efficiency and reduce its costs, including infrastructure 
     costs, to help maintain high quality, affordable postal 
     services.
       ``(16) The value to the Postal Service and postal users of 
     promoting intelligent mail and of secure, sender-identified 
     mail.
       ``(17) The importance of stability and predictability of 
     rates to ratepayers.
       ``(18) The policies of this title as well as such other 
     factors as the Commission determines appropriate.''.
       (3) Requirements.--Section 3622(d) of title 39, United 
     States Code, is amended--
       (A) in paragraph (1)--
       (i) by redesignating subparagraphs (B) through (E) as 
     subparagraphs (C) through (F), respectively;
       (ii) in subparagraph (F) (as redesignated by clause (i)) by 
     striking ``subparagraphs (A) and (C)'' and inserting 
     ``subparagraphs (A) and (D)''; and
       (iii) by inserting after subparagraph (A) the following:
       ``(B) subject to paragraph (4), establish postal rates for 
     each group of functionally equivalent agreements between the 
     Postal Service and users of the mail that--
       ``(i) cover attributable cost;
       ``(ii) improve the net financial position of the Postal 
     Service; and
       ``(iii) do not cause unreasonable disruption in the 
     marketplace, consistent with subsection (c)(13)(B);''; and
       (B) by adding at the end the following:
       ``(4) Group of functionally equivalent agreements 
     defined.--For purposes of paragraph (1)(B), a group of 
     functionally equivalent agreements shall consist of all 
     service agreements that are functionally equivalent to each 
     other within the same market-dominant product, but shall not 
     include agreements within an experimental product.''.
       (4) Technical and conforming amendments.--Section 3622 of 
     title 39, United States Code, is amended--
       (A) in subsection (a), by striking ``, within 18 months 
     after the date of enactment of this section,''; and
       (B) in subsection (d)(1)(D) (as redesignated by paragraph 
     (3)(A)), by striking ``(c)(10)'' and inserting ``(c)(13)''.
       (b) Use of Negotiated Service Agreements.--
       (1) Streamlined review of qualifying service agreements for 
     competitive products.--Section 3633 of title 39, United 
     States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following:
       ``(c) Streamlined Review.--Not later than 90 days after the 
     date of enactment of this subsection, after notice and 
     opportunity for comment, the Postal Regulatory Commission 
     shall promulgate (and may from time to time thereafter 
     revise) regulations for streamlined after-the-fact review of 
     newly proposed agreements between the Postal Service and 
     users of the mail that provide rates not of general 
     applicability for competitive products. Streamlined review 
     shall apply only if agreements are functionally equivalent to 
     existing agreements that have collectively covered 
     attributable costs and collectively improved the net 
     financial position of the Postal Service. The regulations 
     issued under this subsection shall provide that streamlined 
     review shall be concluded not later than 5 business days 
     after the date on which the agreement is filed with the 
     Commission and shall be limited to approval or disapproval of 
     the agreement as a whole based on the Commission's 
     determination of its functional equivalence. Agreements not 
     approved may be resubmitted without prejudice under section 
     3632.''.
       (2) Submission of service agreements for streamlined 
     review.--Section 3632(b) of title 39, United States Code, is 
     amended--
       (A) by redesignating paragraph (4) as paragraph (5); and
       (B) by inserting after paragraph (3) the following:
       ``(4) Rates for streamlined review.--In the case of rates 
     not of general applicability for competitive products that 
     the Postal Service considers eligible for streamlined review 
     under section 3633(c), the Postal Service shall cause the 
     agreement to be filed with the Postal Regulatory Commission 
     by a date that is on or before the effective date of any new 
     rate established under the agreement, as the Postal Service 
     considers appropriate.''.
       (3) Transparency and accountability for service 
     agreements.--
       (A) Certain information required to be included in 
     determinations of compliance.--Section 3653 of title 39, 
     United States Code, is amended--
       (i) by redesignating subsections (c), (d), and (e) as 
     subsections (d), (e), and (f), respectively; and
       (ii) by inserting after subsection (b) the following:
       ``(c) Written Determination.--Each annual written 
     determination of the Commission under this section shall 
     include the following:
       ``(1) Requirements.--For each group of functionally 
     equivalent agreements between the Postal Service and users of 
     the mail, whether such group fulfilled requirements to--
       ``(A) cover costs attributable; and
       ``(B) improve the net financial position of the Postal 
     Service.
       ``(2) Noncompliance.--Any group of functionally equivalent 
     agreements not meeting the requirements under subparagraphs 
     (A) and (B) of paragraph (1) shall be determined to be in 
     noncompliance under this subsection.

[[Page S5287]]

       ``(3) Definition.--For purposes of this subsection, a group 
     of functionally equivalent agreements shall consist of 1 or 
     more service agreements that are functionally equivalent to 
     each other within the same market-dominant or competitive 
     product, but shall not include agreements within an 
     experimental product.''.
       (B) Technical amendment.--Section 3653(d) of title 39, 
     United States Code (as redesignated by subparagraph (A)), is 
     amended by striking ``subsections (c) and (e)'' and inserting 
     ``subsections (c) and (d)''.

     SEC. 943. NONPOSTAL SERVICES.

       (a) Nonpostal Services.--
       (1) In general.--Part IV of title 39, United States Code, 
     is amended by inserting after chapter 36 the following:

                    ``CHAPTER 37--NONPOSTAL SERVICES

``Sec.
``3701. Purpose.
``3702. Definitions.
``3703. Postal Service program for State governments.
``3704. Postal Service program for other Government agencies.
``3705. Transparency and accountability for nonpostal services.

     ``Sec. 3701. Purpose

       ``The purpose of this chapter is to enable the Postal 
     Service to increase its net revenues through specific 
     nonpostal products and services that are expressly authorized 
     by this chapter. Postal Service revenues and expenses under 
     this chapter shall be funded through the Postal Service Fund.

     ``Sec. 3702. Definitions

       ``In this chapter--
       ``(1) the term `attributable costs' has the meaning given 
     the term `costs attributable' in section 3631;
       ``(2) the term `nonpostal service' means a service offered 
     by the Postal Service that--
       ``(A) is expressly authorized under this chapter; and
       ``(B) is not a postal product or service; and
       ``(3) the term `year' means a fiscal year.

     ``Sec. 3703. Postal Service program for State governments

       ``(a) In General.--Notwithstanding any other provision of 
     this title, the Postal Service may establish a program to 
     enter into agreements with an agency of any State government, 
     local government, or tribal government to provide property 
     and services on behalf of such agencies for non-commercial 
     products and services (referred to in this section as the 
     `program'), but only if such property and services--
       ``(1) provide enhanced value to the public, such as by 
     lowering the cost or raising the quality of such services or 
     by making such services more accessible;
       ``(2) do not interfere with or detract from the value of 
     postal services, including--
       ``(A) the cost and efficiency of postal services; and
       ``(B) unreasonably restricting access to postal retail 
     service, such as customer waiting time and access to parking; 
     and
       ``(3) provide a reasonable contribution to the 
     institutional costs of the Postal Service, defined as 
     reimbursement that covers at least 100 percent of 
     attributable costs of all property and services provided 
     under each relevant agreement in each year.
       ``(b) Public Notice.--At least 90 days before offering a 
     service under the program, the Postal Service shall make 
     available to the public on its website--
       ``(1) the agreement with the agency regarding such service; 
     and
       ``(2) a business plan that describes the specific service 
     to be provided, the enhanced value to the public, terms of 
     reimbursement, the estimated annual reimbursement to the 
     Postal Service, and the estimated percentage of attributable 
     Postal Service costs that will be covered by reimbursement 
     (with documentation to support the estimates).
       ``(c) Public Comment.--Before offering a service under the 
     program, the Postal Service shall provide for a public 
     comment period of at least 30 days that allows the public to 
     post comments relating to the provision of such services on 
     the Postal Service website. The Postal Service shall make 
     reasonable efforts to provide written responses to the 
     comments on such website at least 30 days before offering 
     such services.
       ``(d) Approval Required.--The Postal Service may not 
     establish the program unless a majority of the Governors in 
     office vote to approve the program by a recorded vote that is 
     publicly disclosed on the Postal Service website.
       ``(e) Application of Reporting Requirements.--For purposes 
     of the reporting requirements under section 3705, the Postal 
     Service shall submit a separate report for each agreement 
     with an agency entered into under subsection (a) of this 
     section analyzing the costs, revenues, rates, and quality of 
     service for the provision of all services under such 
     agreement, including information demonstrating that the 
     agreement satisfies the requirements of paragraphs (1) 
     through (3) of such subsection (a).
       ``(f) Regulations Required.--The Postal Regulatory 
     Commission shall issue such regulations as are necessary to 
     carry out this section.
       ``(g) Definitions.--For the purpose of this section--
       ``(1) the term `local government' means a county, 
     municipality, city, town, township, local public authority, 
     school district, special district, intrastate district, 
     council of governments, or regional or interstate government 
     entity;
       ``(2) the term `State government' includes the government 
     of the District of Columbia, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, 
     the United States Virgin Islands, Guam, American Samoa, the 
     Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, and any other 
     territory or possession of the United States;
       ``(3) the term `tribal government' means the government of 
     an Indian tribe, as that term is defined in section 4 of the 
     Indian Self-Determination and Education Assistance Act (25 
     U.S.C. 5304); and
       ``(4) the term `United States', when used in a geographical 
     sense, means the States, the District of Columbia, the 
     Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, the United States Virgin 
     Islands, Guam, American Samoa, the Commonwealth of the 
     Northern Mariana Islands, and any other territory or 
     possession of the United States.
       ``(h) Confidential Information.--Subsection (b) or (c) 
     shall not be construed as requiring the Postal Service to 
     disclose to the public any information--
       ``(1) described in section 410(c); or
       ``(2) exempt from public disclosure under section 552(b) of 
     title 5.

     ``Sec. 3704. Postal Service program for other Government 
       agencies

       ``(a) In General.--The Postal Service may establish a 
     program to provide property and services to other Government 
     agencies within the meaning of section 411, but only if the 
     program provides a reasonable contribution to the 
     institutional costs of the Postal Service, defined as 
     reimbursement by each agency that covers at least 100 percent 
     of the attributable costs of all property and service 
     provided by the Postal Service in each year to such agency.
       ``(b) Application of Reporting Requirements.--For purposes 
     of the reporting requirements under section 3705, the Postal 
     Service shall submit a separate report for each agreement 
     with an agency entered into under subsection (a) of this 
     section analyzing the costs, revenues, rates, and quality of 
     service for the provision of all services under such 
     agreement, including information demonstrating that the 
     agreement satisfies the requirements of such subsection (a).

     ``Sec. 3705. Transparency and accountability for nonpostal 
       services

       ``(a) Annual Report to the Commission.--
       ``(1) In general.--Not later than 90 days after the last 
     day of each year, the Postal Service shall submit to the 
     Postal Regulatory Commission a report that analyzes costs, 
     revenues, rates, and quality of service for each agreement 
     for the provision of property and services under this 
     chapter, using such methodologies as the Commission may 
     prescribe, and in sufficient detail to demonstrate compliance 
     with the requirements of this chapter.
       ``(2) Supporting matter.--A report submitted under 
     paragraph (1) shall include any nonpublic annex, the working 
     papers, and any other supporting matter of the Postal Service 
     and the Inspector General related to the information 
     submitted in such report.
       ``(b) Content and Form of Report.--
       ``(1) In general.--The Postal Regulatory Commission shall, 
     by regulation, prescribe the content and form of the report 
     required under subsection (a). In prescribing such 
     regulations, the Commission shall give due consideration to--
       ``(A) providing the public with timely, adequate 
     information to assess compliance;
       ``(B) avoiding unnecessary or unwarranted administrative 
     effort and expense on the part of the Postal Service; and
       ``(C) protecting the confidentiality of information that is 
     commercially sensitive or is exempt from public disclosure 
     under section 552(b) of title 5.
       ``(2) Revised requirements.--The Commission may, on its own 
     motion or on request of any interested party, initiate 
     proceedings to improve the quality, accuracy, or completeness 
     of Postal Service data required by the Commission if--
       ``(A) the attribution of costs or revenues to property or 
     services under this chapter has become significantly 
     inaccurate or can be significantly improved;
       ``(B) the quality of service data provided to the 
     Commission for a report under this chapter has become 
     significantly inaccurate or can be significantly improved; or
       ``(C) such revisions are, in the judgment of the 
     Commission, otherwise necessitated by the public interest.
       ``(c) Audits.--The Inspector General shall regularly audit 
     the data collection systems and procedures used in collecting 
     information and preparing the report required under 
     subsection (a). The results of any such audit shall be 
     submitted to the Postal Service and the Postal Regulatory 
     Commission.
       ``(d) Confidential Information.--
       ``(1) In general.--If the Postal Service determines that 
     any document or portion of a document, or other matter, which 
     it provides to the Postal Regulatory Commission in a 
     nonpublic annex under this section contains information that 
     is described in section 410(c) or exempt from public 
     disclosure under section 552(b) of title 5, the Postal 
     Service shall, at the time of providing such matter to the 
     Commission, notify the Commission of its determination, in 
     writing, and describe with particularity the documents (or 
     portions of documents) or other matter for which 
     confidentiality is sought and the reasons therefor.
       ``(2) Treatment.--Any information or other matter described 
     in paragraph (1) to

[[Page S5288]]

     which the Commission gains access under this section shall be 
     subject to paragraphs (2) and (3) of section 504(g) in the 
     same manner as if the Commission had received notification 
     with respect to such matter under section 504(g)(1).
       ``(e) Annual Compliance Determination.--
       ``(1) Opportunity for public comment.--Upon receiving a 
     report required under subsection (a), the Postal Regulatory 
     Commission shall promptly--
       ``(A) provide an opportunity for comment on such report by 
     any interested party; and
       ``(B) appoint an officer of the Commission to represent the 
     interests of the general public.
       ``(2) Determination of compliance or noncompliance.--Not 
     later than 90 days after receiving a report required under 
     subsection (a), the Postal Regulatory Commission shall make a 
     written determination as to whether the nonpostal activities 
     carried out during the applicable year were or were not in 
     compliance with the provisions of this chapter. For purposes 
     of this paragraph, any case in which the requirements for 
     coverage of attributable costs have not been met shall be 
     considered to be a case of noncompliance. If, with respect to 
     a year, no instance of noncompliance is found to have 
     occurred, the determination shall be to that effect. Such 
     determination of noncompliance shall be included with the 
     annual compliance determination required under section 3653.
       ``(3) Noncompliance.--If a timely written determination of 
     noncompliance is made under paragraph (2), the Postal 
     Regulatory Commission shall take appropriate action. If the 
     requirements for coverage of attributable costs specified by 
     this chapter are not met, the Commission shall, within 60 
     days after the determination, prescribe remedial action to 
     restore compliance as soon as practicable, including the full 
     restoration of revenue shortfalls during the following year. 
     The Commission may order the Postal Service to discontinue a 
     nonpostal service under section 3703 that persistently fails 
     to meet cost coverage requirements.
       ``(4) Deliberate noncompliance.--In the case of deliberate 
     noncompliance by the Postal Service with the requirements of 
     this chapter, the Postal Regulatory Commission may order, 
     based on the nature, circumstances, extent, and seriousness 
     of the noncompliance, a fine (in the amount specified by the 
     Commission in its order) for each incidence of such 
     noncompliance. All receipts from fines imposed under this 
     subsection shall be deposited in the general fund of the 
     Treasury.
       ``(f) Regulations Required.--The Postal Regulatory 
     Commission shall issue such regulations as are necessary to 
     carry out this section.''.
       (2) Technical and conforming amendment.--The table of 
     chapters for part IV of title 39, United States Code, is 
     amended by inserting after the item relating to chapter 36 
     the following:

``37. Nonpostal services....................................3701''.....

       (b) Conforming Amendments.--
       (1) Section 404.--Section 404(e) of title 39, United States 
     Code, is amended--
       (A) in paragraph (2), by inserting after ``subsection'' the 
     following: ``, or any nonpostal products or services 
     authorized by chapter 37''; and
       (B) by adding at the end the following:
       ``(6) Licensing which, before the date of enactment of this 
     paragraph, has been authorized by the Postal Regulatory 
     Commission for continuation as a nonpostal service may not be 
     used for any purpose other than--
       ``(A) to continue to provide licensed mailing, shipping, or 
     stationery supplies offered as of June 23, 2011; or
       ``(B) to license other goods, products, or services, the 
     primary purpose of which is to promote and enhance the image 
     or brand of the Postal Service.
       ``(7) Nothing in this section shall be construed to prevent 
     the Postal Service from establishing nonpostal products and 
     services that are expressly authorized by chapter 37.''.
       (2) Section 411.--The last sentence of section 411 of title 
     39, United States Code, is amended by striking ``including 
     reimbursability'' and inserting ``including reimbursability 
     within the limitations of chapter 37''.
       (3) Treatment of existing nonpostal services.--All 
     individual nonpostal services, provided directly or through 
     licensing, that are continued pursuant to section 404(e) of 
     title 39, United States Code, shall be considered to be 
     expressly authorized by chapter 37 of such title (as added by 
     subsection (a)(1)) and shall be subject to the requirements 
     of such chapter.

     SEC. 944. SHIPPING OF WINE, BEER, AND DISTILLED SPIRITS.

       (a) Mailability.--
       (1) Nonmailable articles.--Section 1716(f) of title 18, 
     United States Code, is amended by striking ``mails'' and 
     inserting ``mails, except to the extent that the mailing is 
     allowable under section 3001(p) of title 39''.
       (2) Application of laws.--Section 1161 of title 18, United 
     States Code, is amended by inserting ``, and, with respect to 
     the mailing of distilled spirits, wine, or malt beverages (as 
     those terms are defined in section 117 of the Federal Alcohol 
     Administration Act (27 U.S.C. 211)), is in conformity with 
     section 3001(p) of title 39'' after ``Register''.
       (b) Regulations.--Section 3001 of title 39, United States 
     Code, is amended by adding at the end the following:
       ``(p)(1) In this subsection, the terms `distilled spirits', 
     `wine', and `malt beverage' have the same meanings as in 
     section 117 of the Federal Alcohol Administration Act (27 
     U.S.C. 211).
       ``(2) Distilled spirits, wine, or malt beverages shall be 
     considered mailable if mailed--
       ``(A) in accordance with the laws and regulations of--
       ``(i) the State, territory, or district of the United 
     States where the sender or duly authorized agent initiates 
     the mailing; and
       ``(ii) the State, territory, or district of the United 
     States where the addressee or duly authorized agent takes 
     delivery; and
       ``(B) to an addressee who is at least 21 years of age--
       ``(i) who provides a signature and presents a valid, 
     government-issued photo identification upon delivery; or
       ``(ii) the duly authorized agent of whom--
       ``(I) is at least 21 years of age; and
       ``(II) provides a signature and presents a valid, 
     government-issued photo identification upon delivery.
       ``(3) The Postal Service shall prescribe such regulations 
     as may be necessary to carry out this subsection.''.
       (c) Effective Date.--The amendments made by this section 
     shall take effect on the earlier of--
       (1) the date on which the Postal Service issues regulations 
     under section 3001(p) of title 39, United States Code, as 
     amended by this section; and
       (2) the date that is 120 days after the date of enactment 
     of this Act.
       (d) No Preemption of State, Local, or Tribal Laws 
     Prohibiting Deliveries, Shipments, or Sales.--Nothing in this 
     section, the amendments made by this section, or any 
     regulation promulgated under this section or the amendments 
     made by this section shall be construed to preempt, 
     supersede, or otherwise limit or restrict any State, local, 
     or tribal law that prohibits or regulates the delivery, 
     shipment, or sale of distilled spirits, wine, or malt 
     beverages (as those terms are defined in section 117 of the 
     Federal Alcohol Administration Act (27 U.S.C. 211)).

     SEC. 945. EFFICIENT AND FLEXIBLE UNIVERSAL POSTAL SERVICE.

       (a) Conditions Regarding Determinations for Post Office 
     Closings.--Clause (i) of section 404(d)(2)(A) of title 39, 
     United States Code, is amended to read as follows:
       ``(i) the effect of such closing or consolidation on the 
     community served by such post office, including through an 
     analysis of--
       ``(I) the distance (as measured by public roads) to the 
     closest postal retail facility not proposed for closing or 
     consolidation under the determination;
       ``(II) the characteristics of such location, including 
     weather and terrain;
       ``(III) whether commercial mobile service (as defined in 
     section 332 of the Communications Act of 1934) and commercial 
     mobile data service (as defined in section 6001 of the Middle 
     Class Tax Relief and Job Creation Act of 2012) are available 
     in at least 80 percent of the total geographic area of the 
     ZIP codes served by the postal retail facility proposed for 
     closing or consolidation; and
       ``(IV) whether fixed broadband Internet access service is 
     available to households in at least 80 percent of such 
     geographic area at speeds not less than those sufficient for 
     service to be considered broadband for purposes of the most 
     recent report of the Federal Communications Commission under 
     section 706 of the Telecommunications Act of 1996 (47 U.S.C. 
     1302);''.
       (b) PRC Review of Determinations to Close or Consolidate a 
     Post Office.--
       (1) Deadline for review.--Section 404(d)(5) title 39, 
     United States Code, is amended by striking ``120 days'' and 
     inserting ``60 days, or a longer period for good cause shown 
     but in no event longer than 120 days,''.
       (2) Applicability.--The amendment made by paragraph (1) 
     shall not apply with respect to an appeal received by the 
     Commission before the date of enactment of this Act (as 
     determined by applying the rules set forth in section 
     404(d)(6) of such title).
       (c) Expedited Procedures.--
       (1) In general.--Section 3661 of title 39, United States 
     Code, is amended by adding at the end the following:
       ``(d)(1) The Commission shall issue its opinion within 90 
     days, or a longer period for good cause shown but in no event 
     longer than 120 days, after the receipt of any proposal (as 
     referred to in subsection (b)) concerning an identical or 
     substantially identical proposal on which the Commission has 
     issued an opinion within the preceding 5 years.
       ``(2) If necessary in order to comply with the 90-day 
     requirement under paragraph (1), the Commission may apply 
     expedited procedures which the Commission shall by regulation 
     prescribe.''.
       (2) Regulations.--The Commission shall prescribe any 
     regulations necessary to carry out the amendment made by 
     paragraph (1) within 90 days after the date of enactment of 
     this Act.
       (3) Applicability.--The amendment made by this subsection 
     shall apply with respect to any proposal received by the 
     Commission on or after the earlier of--
       (A) the date that is 90 days after the date of enactment of 
     this Act; or
       (B) the effective date of the regulations prescribed under 
     paragraph (2).
       (d) Alternate Postal Access Choice.--Section 404(d) of 
     title 39, United States Code, is amended by striking 
     paragraph (1) and inserting the following:

[[Page S5289]]

       ``(1) Prior to making a determination under subsection 
     (a)(3) as to the necessity for the closing or consolidation 
     of a post office--
       ``(A) the Postal Service shall provide adequate notice of 
     its intention to close or consolidate the post office not 
     later than 60 days before the proposed date of the closing or 
     consolidation to postal patrons served by the post office;
       ``(B) the Postal Service shall conduct a nonbinding survey 
     on the proposed closing or consolidation to allow postal 
     patrons served by the post office an opportunity to indicate 
     their preference between or among--
       ``(i) the closing or consolidation; and
       ``(ii) 1 or more alternative options; and
       ``(C) if the Postal Service determines that closing or 
     consolidating the post office is necessary--
       ``(i) the Postal Service shall endeavor to provide 
     alternative access to postal services to the postal patrons 
     served by the post office by the option chosen by the highest 
     number of survey respondents under subparagraph (B)(ii); and
       ``(ii) if the Postal Service is unable to provide 
     alternative access through the option identified under clause 
     (i), or if that option is cost prohibitive--

       ``(I) the Postal Service may provide alternative access 
     through a different method; and
       ``(II) upon selecting an alternative access method other 
     than the option identified under clause (i), the Postal 
     Service shall provide written notice to the postal patrons 
     served by the post office identifying the alternative access 
     method and explaining why the option identified under clause 
     (i) was not possible or was cost prohibitive.''.

       (e) Applicability of Procedures Relating to Closings and 
     Consolidations.--
       (1) In general.--Section 404(d) of title 39, United States 
     Code, as amended by this section, is amended by adding at the 
     end the following:
       ``(7) For purposes of this subsection, the term `post 
     office' means a post office and any other postal retail 
     facility, as defined in section 903 of the Postal Service 
     Reform Act of 2018.''.
       (2) Effective date.--In the case of any post office, as 
     defined in subsection (d) of section 404 of title 39, United 
     States Code, as amended by paragraph (1), that, but for that 
     amendment, would not otherwise be subject to such subsection 
     (d), the amendments made by subsections (a) and (d) of this 
     section shall be effective with respect to any closure or 
     consolidation, the proposed effective date of which occurs on 
     or after the date that is 60 days after the date of enactment 
     of this Act.
       (f) Enhanced Reporting on Postal Service Efficiency.--
     Section 3652(a) of title 39, United States Code, is amended--
       (1) in paragraph (1), by striking ``and'' at the end;
       (2) in paragraph (2), by striking the period at the end and 
     inserting ``; and''; and
       (3) by inserting after paragraph (2) the following:
       ``(3) which shall provide the overall change in Postal 
     Service productivity and the resulting effect of such change 
     on overall Postal Service costs during such year, using such 
     methodologies as the Commission shall by regulation 
     prescribe, if necessary.''.
       (g) POSTPlan Study.--
       (1) In general.--Beginning not later than 30 days after the 
     date of enactment of this Act, the Inspector General of the 
     Postal Service shall conduct a 1-year review of the impacts 
     of the POSTPlan post office restructuring plan on Postal 
     Service expenses, revenue, and retail service provision.
       (2) Content.--In conducting the review under paragraph (1), 
     the Inspector General shall examine--
       (A) changes in the costs for the provision of Postal 
     Service operated retail service, both nationwide and in the 
     aggregate for each of the Level 2, Level 4, Level 6, and 
     Level 18 post offices for which the hours, functions, or 
     responsibilities changed as a result of the POSTPlan 
     initiative before and after the implementation of the 
     POSTPlan initiative;
       (B) changes in revenue received by Postal Service operated 
     retail service, both nationwide and in the aggregate for each 
     of the Level 2, Level 4, Level 6, and Level 18 post offices 
     for which the hours, functions, or responsibilities changed 
     as a result of the POSTPlan initiative before and after the 
     implementation of the POSTPlan initiative;
       (C) a determination of the relative cost savings, taking 
     into account any changes in revenue earned, realized on an 
     annual basis for Level 2, Level 4, Level 6, and Level 18 
     offices each in the aggregate and any trends in such cost 
     savings;
       (D) the relative impact on retail access to postal services 
     for individuals served by Level 2, Level 4, Level 6, and 
     Level 18 offices each in the aggregate; and
       (E) any other factors the Inspector General determines 
     appropriate.
       (3) Report and recommendations.--Upon completion of the 
     review required under paragraph (1), the Inspector General 
     shall submit to the Postal Service, the Committee on Homeland 
     Security and Governmental Affairs of the Senate, and the 
     Committee on Oversight and Government Reform of the House of 
     Representatives a report containing--
       (A) the results of the review; and
       (B) any recommendations resulting from such review.
       (4) Postal service review.--Prior to any hour changes or 
     consolidation decisions related to POSTPlan initiative-
     impacted post offices, the Postal Service shall--
       (A) review the report and any recommendations submitted 
     pursuant to paragraph (3); and
       (B) revise any planned efforts regarding the POSTPlan 
     initiative, as appropriate.

     SEC. 946. FAIR STAMP-EVIDENCING COMPETITION.

       Section 404a(a) of title 39, United States Code, is 
     amended--
       (1) in paragraph (2), by striking ``or'' at the end;
       (2) in paragraph (3), by striking the period at the end and 
     inserting ``; or''; and
       (3) by adding at the end the following:
       ``(4) offer to the public any postage-evidencing product or 
     service that does not comply with any rule or regulation that 
     would be applicable to such product or service if the product 
     or service were offered by a private company.''.

     SEC. 947. MARKET-DOMINANT RATES.

       (a) Establishment of Rate Baseline.--Notwithstanding any 
     order of the Commission to the contrary--
       (1) not earlier than the first Sunday after the date of 
     enactment of this Act, on a date selected by the Postmaster 
     General in the exercise of the Postmaster General's 
     unreviewable discretion, the Postal Service shall reinstate, 
     as nearly as is practicable, 50 percent of the rate surcharge 
     implemented under section 3622(d)(1)(F) (as redesignated by 
     this title) that was in effect on April 9, 2016; and
       (2) the partially reinstated surcharge reinstated pursuant 
     to paragraph (1) shall be considered a part of the rate base 
     for purposes of determining the percentage changes in rates 
     when the Postal Service files a notice of rate adjustment.
       (b) Subsequent Rate Increases.--The reinstatement described 
     under subsection (a)(1) may not affect the calculation of the 
     Postal Service's maximum rate adjustment authority under 
     subpart C of part 3010 of title 39, Code of Federal 
     Regulations (or any successor regulation), for purposes of 
     any rate increase that occurs following such reinstatement.
       (c) Commission Review of System for Regulating Rates and 
     Classes for Market-dominant Products.--
       (1) Definitions.--In this subsection--
       (A) the term ``initial rate regulation review'' means the 
     proceeding conducted under the order of the Commission 
     entitled, ``Statutory Review of the System for Regulating 
     Market Dominant Rates and Classifications'' (81 Fed. Reg. 
     9507 (December 20, 2016)); and
       (B) the term ``underwater product'' means a market-dominant 
     class, product, or type of mail service that does not bear 
     the direct and indirect costs attributable to that class, 
     product, or type of mail service under current costing 
     procedures.
       (2) Underwater products study.--Not later than 120 days 
     after the date of enactment of this Act, the Commission, 
     without delaying completion of the initial rate regulation 
     review, shall begin a study, in conjunction with the 
     Inspector General of the Postal Service and including notice 
     and opportunity for public comment, to--
       (A) determine whether and to what extent any market-
     dominant classes, products, or types of mail service are 
     underwater products;
       (B) quantify the impact of any operational decisions of the 
     Postal Service on the direct and indirect costs attributable 
     to any underwater products identified under subparagraph (A); 
     and
       (C) determine whether any operational decisions of the 
     Postal Service have caused any direct or indirect costs to be 
     inappropriately attributed to any underwater product 
     identified under subparagraph (A).
       (3) Additional considerations.--
       (A) In general.--Except as provided in paragraph (4), the 
     Commission shall supplement and modify, as appropriate, the 
     record of proceedings in the initial rate regulation review, 
     taking into account the provisions of this title and the 
     amendments made by this title, before making a determination 
     to--
       (i) modify the system for regulating rates and classes for 
     market-dominant products established under section 3622 of 
     title 39, United States Code; or
       (ii) adopt an alternative system for regulating rates and 
     classes for market-dominant products.
       (B) Minimum considerations.--In supplementing or modifying 
     the record under subparagraph (A)--
       (i) the Commission shall, at a minimum, recalculate the 
     projected liabilities of the Postal Service by reason of the 
     requirements under section 8903c(e) of title 5, United States 
     Code (as added by section 921(a)(1) of this title) (requiring 
     Medicare-eligible postal annuitants enrolled in the Postal 
     Service Health Benefits Program to also enroll in Medicare); 
     and
       (ii) if the Commission determines that other provisions of 
     this title or the amendments made by this title reduce 
     liabilities or increase revenues of the Postal Service, the 
     Commission shall incorporate those changes into the 
     calculations of the Commission.
       (C) Consideration of underwater products study.--After 
     completing any supplementation and modification of the record 
     under subparagraph (A) of this paragraph and quantifying the 
     impact of operational decisions under paragraph (2)(B), the 
     Commission shall--

[[Page S5290]]

       (i) take into account the impact quantified under paragraph 
     (2)(B) and modify, if appropriate, the record under 
     subparagraph (A) of this paragraph;
       (ii) incorporate the findings of the study under paragraph 
     (2) into any subsequent adjustment to rates for underwater 
     products identified under subparagraph (A) of that paragraph; 
     and
       (iii)(I) account for the cultural and informational value 
     that underwater products identified under paragraph (2)(A) 
     have to the mail; and
       (II) recognize that--

       (aa) the services provided by the Postal Service have 
     changed over time; and
       (bb) the timely delivery of the underwater products 
     identified under paragraph (2)(A) impacts the overall value 
     of those products.

       (4) Subsequent review required if initial review completed 
     before enactment.--If, on or before the date of enactment of 
     this Act, the Commission completes the initial rate 
     regulation review, the Commission--
       (A) shall determine whether to--
       (i) further modify the system for regulating rates and 
     classes for market-dominant products established under 
     section 3622 of title 39, United States Code; or
       (ii) adopt an alternative system for regulating rates and 
     classes for market-dominant products; and
       (B) in making the determination under subparagraph (A), 
     shall--
       (i) take into account the provisions of this title and the 
     amendments made by this title;
       (ii) comply with the requirements under clauses (i) and 
     (ii) of paragraph (3)(B); and
       (iii) take into account, and incorporate into any 
     adjustment to rates for underwater products identified under 
     subparagraph (A) of paragraph (2), the impact quantified 
     under subparagraph (B) of that paragraph.
       (5) Application of new rates to underwater products.--
       (A) In general.--If the Commission modifies the system for 
     regulating rates and classes for market-dominant products 
     established under section 3622 of title 39, United States 
     Code, or adopts an alternative system for regulating rates 
     and classes for market-dominant products, the Commission--
       (i) may not apply any new rates under the modified or 
     alternative system to underwater products until the 
     Commission has--

       (I) completed the study under paragraph (2); and
       (II) complied with subparagraph (C) of paragraph (3); and

       (ii) in order to offer as many underwater products as 
     possible for as long as possible, shall establish a process 
     to gradually phase in the application of any new rates to 
     underwater products.
       (B) Retroactive applicability.--If, before the date of 
     enactment of this Act, the Commission modifies the system for 
     regulating rates and classes for market-dominant products 
     established under section 3622 of title 39, United States 
     Code, or adopts an alternative system for regulating rates 
     and classes for market-dominant products, the Commission--
       (i) shall, effective 90 days after the date of enactment of 
     this Act, apply the rates for underwater products that were 
     in effect on the day before the date on which the modified or 
     alternative system took effect; and
       (ii) before applying the rates under the modified or 
     alternative system to underwater products, shall comply with 
     subparagraph (A).
       (C) Rule of construction.--Nothing in this paragraph shall 
     be construed to affect the requirement under subsection (a) 
     relating to reinstatement of the rate surcharge that was in 
     effect on April 9, 2016, including with respect to underwater 
     products.
       (d) Postal Regulatory Commission Authority Not Affected.--
     Nothing in this section (other than subsection (c)) shall be 
     construed as affecting the authority of the Commission to, by 
     regulation, make such modification or adopt such alternative 
     system for regulating rates and classes for market-dominant 
     products as provided under section 3622 of title 39, United 
     States Code.

     SEC. 948. REVIEW OF POSTAL SERVICE COST ATTRIBUTION 
                   GUIDELINES.

       Not later than April 1, 2020, the Commission shall initiate 
     a review of the regulations issued pursuant to sections 
     3633(a) and 3652(a)(1) of title 39, United States Code, to 
     determine whether revisions are appropriate to ensure that 
     all direct and indirect costs attributable to competitive and 
     market-dominant products are properly attributed to those 
     products, including by considering the underlying 
     methodologies in determining cost attribution and considering 
     options to revise such methodologies. If the Commission 
     determines, after notice and opportunity for public comment, 
     that revisions are appropriate, the Commission shall make 
     modifications or adopt alternative methodologies as 
     necessary.

     SEC. 949. AVIATION SECURITY FOR PARCELS.

       Not later than 18 months after the date of enactment of 
     this Act, the Inspector General of the Postal Service shall 
     transmit to the Committee on Oversight and Government Reform 
     of the House of Representatives and the Committee on Homeland 
     Security and Governmental Affairs of the Senate the results 
     of a review of the security measures in place for parcels 
     carried on air carriers to domestic and international 
     destinations for which audit trails are generated. The review 
     required under this subsection shall assess, at a minimum--
       (1) the effectiveness of the audit trail created by postage 
     evidencing systems that have been validated under the Federal 
     Information Processing Standards in accurately and 
     consistently identifying the senders of parcels carried on 
     air carriers;
       (2) the effectiveness of the Postal Service's in-person 
     identity verification procedures in accurately and 
     consistently identifying the senders of parcels carried on 
     air carriers; and
       (3) the effectiveness of the audit trail generated by 
     customs declarations in accurately and consistently 
     identifying the senders of parcels carried on air carriers to 
     international destinations.

     SEC. 950. LONG-TERM SOLVENCY PLAN; ANNUAL FINANCIAL PLAN AND 
                   BUDGET.

       (a) Definitions.--In this section--
       (1) the term ``Board of Governors'' means the Board of 
     Governors of the Postal Service;
       (2) the term ``long-term solvency plan'' means the plan 
     required to be submitted by the Postmaster General under 
     subsection (b)(1); and
       (3) the term ``solvency'' means the ability of the Postal 
     Service to pay debts and meet expenses, including the ability 
     to perform maintenance and repairs, make investments, and 
     maintain financial reserves, as necessary to fulfill the 
     requirements under, and comply with the policies of, title 
     39, United States Code, and other obligations of the Postal 
     Service.
       (b) Plan for the Long-Term Solvency of the Postal 
     Service.--
       (1) Solvency plan required.--
       (A) In general.--Not later than the date described in 
     subparagraph (B), the Postmaster General shall submit to the 
     Board of Governors a plan describing the actions the Postal 
     Service intends to take to achieve long-term solvency.
       (B) Date.--The date described in this subparagraph is the 
     later of--
       (i) the date that is 90 days after the date of enactment of 
     this Act; and
       (ii) the earliest date as of which the Board of Governors 
     has the number of members required for a quorum.
       (2) Considerations.--The long-term solvency plan shall take 
     into account--
       (A) the legal authority of the Postal Service;
       (B) changes in the legal authority and responsibilities of 
     the Postal Service under this title and the amendments made 
     by this title;
       (C) projected changes in mail volume;
       (D) the impact of any regulations that the Postal Service 
     is required to promulgate under Federal law;
       (E) projected changes in the number of employees needed to 
     carry out the responsibilities of the Postal Service;
       (F) the long-term capital needs of the Postal Service, 
     including the need to maintain, repair, and replace 
     facilities and equipment; and
       (G) the distinctions between market-dominant and 
     competitive products.
       (3) Review and submission to congress and commission.--
       (A) Review.--Upon receipt of the long-term solvency plan, 
     the Board of Governors shall review the long-term solvency 
     plan and may request that the Postmaster General make changes 
     to the long-term solvency plan.
       (B) Submission to congress and commission.--Not later than 
     60 days after initial receipt of the long-term solvency plan, 
     the Board of Governors shall provide a copy of the long-term 
     solvency plan, together with a letter indicating whether and 
     in what respects the Board of Governors agrees or disagrees 
     with the measures set out in the long-term solvency plan, 
     to--
       (i) the Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental 
     Affairs of the Senate;
       (ii) the Committee on Oversight and Government Reform of 
     the House of Representatives; and
       (iii) the Commission.
       (4) Updates.--
       (A) Annual updates required.--The Postmaster General shall 
     update and submit to the Board of Governors the long-term 
     solvency plan not less frequently than annually for 5 years 
     after the date of enactment of this Act.
       (B) Review by board of governors.--The Board of Governors 
     shall review and submit to Congress and the Commission the 
     updates under this paragraph in accordance with paragraph 
     (3).
       (c) Annual Financial Plan and Budget.--
       (1) In general.--For each of the first 5 full fiscal years 
     after the date of enactment of this Act, not later than 
     August 1 of the preceding fiscal year, the Postmaster General 
     shall submit to the Board of Governors a financial plan and 
     budget for the fiscal year that is consistent with the goal 
     of achieving the long-term solvency of the Postal Service.
       (2) Contents of financial plan and budget.--The financial 
     plan and budget for a fiscal year shall--
       (A) promote the financial stability of the Postal Service 
     and provide for progress towards the long-term solvency of 
     the Postal Service;
       (B) include the annual budget program of the Postal Service 
     under section 2009 of title 39, United States Code, and the 
     plan of the Postal Service commonly referred to as the 
     ``Integrated Financial Plan'';
       (C) describe lump-sum expenditures by all categories 
     traditionally used by the Postal Service;
       (D) describe capital expenditures, together with a schedule 
     of projected capital commitments and cash outlays of the 
     Postal Service, and proposed sources of funding;
       (E) contain estimates of overall debt (both outstanding and 
     expected to be incurred);

[[Page S5291]]

       (F) contain cash flow and liquidity forecasts for the 
     Postal Service at such intervals as the Board of Governors 
     may require;
       (G) include a statement describing methods of estimations 
     and significant assumptions;
       (H) distinguish between market-dominant and competitive 
     products, as practicable; and
       (I) address any other issues that the Board of Governors 
     considers appropriate.
       (3) Process for submission and approval of financial plan 
     and budget.--
       (A) Definition.--In this paragraph, the term ``covered 
     recipient'' means--
       (i) the Postmaster General;
       (ii) the President;
       (iii) the Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental 
     Affairs of the Senate; and
       (iv) the Committee on Oversight and Government Reform of 
     the House of Representatives.
       (B) Review by the board of governors.--
       (i) In general.--Upon receipt of a financial plan and 
     budget under paragraph (1), the Board of Governors shall 
     promptly review the financial plan and budget.
       (ii) Additional information.--In conducting the review 
     under this subparagraph, the Board of Governors may request 
     any additional information it considers necessary and 
     appropriate to carry out the duties of the Board of 
     Governors.
       (C) Approval of financial plan and budget submitted by the 
     postmaster general.--If the Board of Governors determines 
     that the financial plan and budget for a fiscal year received 
     under paragraph (1) meets the requirements under paragraph 
     (2) and otherwise adequately addresses the financial 
     situation of the Postal Service--
       (i) the Board of Governors shall approve the financial plan 
     and budget and submit a notice of approval to each covered 
     recipient; and
       (ii) the Postmaster General shall submit the annual budget 
     program for the relevant fiscal year to the Office of 
     Management and Budget in accordance with section 2009 of 
     title 39, United States Code.
       (D) Disapproval of financial plan and budget submitted by 
     the postmaster general.--
       (i) In general.--If the Board of Governors determines that 
     the financial plan and budget for a fiscal year under 
     paragraph (1) does not meet the requirements under paragraph 
     (2) or is otherwise inadequate in addressing the financial 
     situation of the Postal Service, the Board of Governors 
     shall--

       (I) disapprove the financial plan and budget;
       (II) submit to each covered recipient a statement that 
     describes the reasons for the disapproval;
       (III) direct the Postmaster General to appropriately revise 
     the financial plan and budget for the Postal Service; and
       (IV) submit the revised financial plan and budget to each 
     covered recipient.

       (ii) Submission to office of management and budget.--Upon 
     receipt of a revised financial plan and budget under clause 
     (i)(IV), the Postmaster General shall submit the annual 
     budget program for the relevant fiscal year to the Office of 
     Management and Budget in accordance with section 2009 of 
     title 39, United States Code.
       (E) Deadline for transmission of financial plan and budget 
     by board of governors.--Notwithstanding any other provision 
     of this paragraph, not later than September 30 of the fiscal 
     year that precedes each fiscal year for which a financial 
     plan and budget is required under paragraph (1), the Board of 
     Governors shall submit to each covered recipient--
       (i) a notice of approval under subparagraph (C)(i); or
       (ii) an approved financial plan and budget for the fiscal 
     year under subparagraph (D)(i)(IV).
       (F) Revisions to financial plan and budget.--
       (i) Permitting postmaster general to submit revisions.--The 
     Postmaster General may submit proposed revisions to the 
     financial plan and budget for a fiscal year to the Board of 
     Governors at any time during that fiscal year.
       (ii) Process for review, approval, disapproval, and 
     postmaster general action.--The procedures described in 
     subparagraphs (B) through (E) shall apply with respect to a 
     proposed revision to a financial plan and budget in the same 
     manner as such procedures apply with respect to the original 
     financial plan and budget.
       (d) Assumptions Based on Current Law.--In preparing the 
     long-term solvency plan or an annual financial plan and 
     budget required under this section, the Postal Service shall 
     base estimates of revenues and expenditures on Federal law as 
     in effect at the time of the preparation of the long-term 
     solvency plan or the financial plan and budget.
       (e) Third-Party Analysis of Postal Service Finances.--The 
     Commission shall enter into a contract with 1 or more 
     independent third parties under which the third party or 
     parties, in not less than 2 years, shall--
       (1) complete a study that analyzes--
       (A) the finances of the Postal Service;
       (B) the finances of, and business trends in, the overall 
     mailing industry;
       (C) the demand for market-dominant and competitive products 
     and services in rural, urban, and suburban communities; and
       (D) revenue changes and cost savings of the Postal Service 
     attributable to recent--
       (i) closings and consolidations of processing plants, post 
     offices, and other facilities;
       (ii) changes to service standards; and
       (iii) service performance; and
       (2) submit to the Commission a report on the study 
     conducted under paragraph (1) that includes recommendations 
     on affordable options and timetables for improving postal 
     operations and services, including--
       (A) how rural service measurement can be made more accurate 
     to ensure that the Postal Service comprehensively measures 
     the mail service provided to each region of the United 
     States, regardless of population size and geographic 
     location;
       (B) the feasibility of restoring overnight service 
     standards for market-dominant products similar to the service 
     standards that were in effect on July 1, 2012, including an 
     examination of the resources needed, structural and 
     operational changes needed, and market demand for such a 
     change; and
       (C) recommended definitions for the terms ``rural'' and 
     ``urban'' for purposes of measuring the performance of the 
     Postal Service relative to service standards under section 
     3691 of title 39, United States Code, as amended by section 
     950 of this title.

     SEC. 951. SERVICE STANDARDS, PERFORMANCE TARGETS, AND 
                   PERFORMANCE MEASUREMENTS.

       (a) Service Standards, Performance Targets, and Performance 
     Measurements.--
       (1) In general.--Section 3691 of title 39, United States 
     Code, is amended to read as follows:

     ``Sec. 3691. Modern service standards, performance targets, 
       and performance measurements

       ``(a) Definitions.--In this section--
       ``(1) the terms `Area' and `District' mean the 
     administrative field units established and given those 
     designations by the Postal Service;
       ``(2) the term `Commission' means the Postal Regulatory 
     Commission;
       ``(3) the term `performance targets' means the targets 
     established by the Postal Service under subsection (e)(1)(A);
       ``(4) the terms `rural' and `urban' have the meanings given 
     those terms under regulations promulgated by the Commission 
     under subsection (e)(2)(A); and
       ``(5) the term `service standards' means the service 
     standards established by the Postal Service under subsection 
     (b).
       ``(b) Authority Generally.--
       ``(1) Establishment; revision.--The Postal Service shall by 
     regulation establish (and may from time to time thereafter by 
     regulation revise) a set of service standards for market-
     dominant products based on--
       ``(A) the finances of the Postal Service;
       ``(B) the ability of the Postal Service to meet the service 
     standards; and
       ``(C) the ability of Postal Service customers to receive 
     fair and reliable service.
       ``(2) Notice to congress.--On the date on which the Postal 
     Service requests an advisory opinion under section 3661 with 
     respect to any regulation promulgated or revised under 
     paragraph (1), the Postal Service shall notify Congress of 
     the request and the proposed regulation or revision of a 
     regulation.
       ``(c) Objectives.--The service standards shall be designed 
     to achieve the following objectives:
       ``(1) To ensure that the Postal Service meets the universal 
     service obligation, including the obligation to preserve 
     regular and effective access to postal services in all 
     communities, including those in rural areas or where post 
     offices are not self-sustaining.
       ``(2) To enhance the value of postal services to both 
     senders and recipients.
       ``(3) To assure Postal Service customers delivery 
     reliability, speed, and frequency consistent with reasonable 
     rates and best business practices.
       ``(4) To provide a system of objective performance 
     measurements for each market-dominant product as a basis for 
     measurement of Postal Service performance, in accordance with 
     subsection (e).
       ``(d) Factors.--In establishing or revising the service 
     standards, the Postal Service shall take into account--
       ``(1) the actual level of service that Postal Service 
     customers receive under any service guidelines previously 
     established by the Postal Service or service standards 
     established under this section;
       ``(2) the degree of customer satisfaction with Postal 
     Service performance in the acceptance, processing, and 
     delivery of mail;
       ``(3) the needs of all Postal Service customers;
       ``(4) mail volume and revenues projected for future years;
       ``(5) the projected growth in the number of addresses the 
     Postal Service will be required to serve in future years;
       ``(6) the current and projected future cost of serving 
     Postal Service customers;
       ``(7) the effect of changes in technology, demographics, 
     and population distribution on the efficient and reliable 
     operation of the postal delivery system;
       ``(8) the financial status of the Postal Service, including 
     the status of any accrued unfunded liabilities or 
     obligations;
       ``(9) ensuring that the performance of the Postal Service 
     is as strong as reasonably possible under the applicable 
     circumstances, including the factors described in paragraphs 
     (1) through (8); and
       ``(10) the policies of this title and such other factors as 
     the Postal Service determines appropriate.

[[Page S5292]]

       ``(e) Performance Targets, Measurements, and Publication.--
       ``(1) Performance targets.--
       ``(A) Establishment.--Each year, the Postal Service shall 
     establish reasonable targets for performance to ensure that 
     mail service for postal customers meets the service standards 
     for market-dominant products.
       ``(B) Compliance determination.--For purposes of section 
     3653(b)(2), the Commission shall evaluate the compliance of 
     the Postal Service with the service standards for market-
     dominant products by reference to the performance targets.
       ``(2) Performance measurement.--
       ``(A) Definitions of urban and rural.--For purposes of 
     measuring performance under the performance targets, the 
     Commission, in consultation with the Postal Service--
       ``(i) shall promulgate regulations defining the terms--

       ``(I) rural; and
       ``(II) urban, which shall be defined by the Commission as 
     any geographic area that is not defined as rural under 
     subclause (I); and

       ``(ii) in defining the terms under clause (i), shall 
     consider--

       ``(I) the recommendations of the report submitted to the 
     Commission under section 950(e) of the Postal Service Reform 
     Act of 2018;
       ``(II) existing definitions of those terms that are in use 
     by the Postal Service, the Federal Government, and other 
     sources; and
       ``(III) stakeholder input.

       ``(B) Performance reporting.--
       ``(i) In general.--The Postal Service shall measure and 
     report to the Commission on the performance of the Postal 
     Service with respect to market-dominant products on a 
     nationwide, Area, and District basis based on the performance 
     targets, taking into consideration the Commission's opinion 
     on any proposed target, and in a manner that reflects 
     separate consideration of performance with respect to--

       ``(I) rural customers; and
       ``(II) urban customers.

       ``(ii) Commission review.--The Commission shall review and 
     comment upon the performance of the Postal Service as 
     reported under clause (i).
       ``(3) Publication.--
       ``(A) In general.--Subject to subparagraph (B), the Postal 
     Service shall publish on the website of the Postal Service 
     the performance targets, the actual measurements under those 
     targets, and the comments of the Commission under paragraph 
     (2)--
       ``(i) covering a period designated by the Commission, the 
     length of which shall be not less than 2 years; and
       ``(ii) categorized in accordance with that paragraph.
       ``(B) Commercially sensitive or proprietary information.--
     To the extent that the Postal Service considers any 
     information required to be reported under subparagraph (A) to 
     be commercially sensitive or proprietary in nature, the 
     Commission shall determine the level of information that 
     shall be publicly disclosed in accordance with section 
     504(g)(3)(A).
       ``(f) Review Upon Complaint.--The regulations promulgated 
     pursuant to this section (and any revisions thereto), and any 
     violations thereof, shall be subject to review upon complaint 
     under sections 3662 and 3663.
       ``(g) Noncompliance With Performance Targets.--
       ``(1) In general.--If the Postal Service fails to meet 1 or 
     more performance targets--
       ``(A) subject to subparagraph (B), the Postal Service shall 
     develop a plan to make specific operational corrections under 
     the control of the Postal Service that will cause the 
     performance targets to be met as soon as is reasonably 
     practicable, as determined by the Postal Service; and
       ``(B) if the Postal Service makes best efforts to develop a 
     plan described in subparagraph (A) and determines that 
     achieving compliance with the performance targets through 
     such a plan would be impractical, would not be cost 
     effective, and would not be in the best long-term interest of 
     the Postal Service and its customers, the Postal Service 
     shall make adjustments to the service standards or 
     performance targets.
       ``(2) Postal service submission of plan.--Not later than 
     180 days after the date of noncompliance with a performance 
     target, the Postal Service shall submit to the Commission--
       ``(A) the plan required under paragraph (1)(A); or
       ``(B) a report explaining why the Postal Service is making 
     an adjustment described in paragraph (1)(B).
       ``(3) Commission consideration of postal service plan.--
       ``(A) In general.--The Commission--
       ``(i) shall review each plan or report submitted by the 
     Postal Service under paragraph (2); and
       ``(ii) may make such recommendations as the Commission 
     considers appropriate.
       ``(B) Postal service response.--If the Commission provides 
     recommendations regarding a plan or report to the Postal 
     Service under subparagraph (A)(ii), the Postal Service 
     shall--
       ``(i) consider the recommendations; and
       ``(ii) not later than 90 days after the date on which the 
     Postal Service receives the recommendations, submit a 
     response to the Commission explaining the bases for any 
     decision to accept or reject a recommendation.
       ``(4) Postal service implementation of plan.--After 
     developing a plan under paragraph (1)(A), the Postal Service 
     shall--
       ``(A) implement the plan; and
       ``(B) in each report provided under section 3652, discuss--
       ``(i) the implementation of the plan;
       ``(ii) the extent to which the Postal Service is improving 
     performance to meet the performance targets; and
       ``(iii) if the performance targets subject to the plan are 
     still not being met, whether--

       ``(I) the plan remains sufficient to achieve compliance 
     within a reasonably practicable period of time, and is 
     therefore being maintained;
       ``(II) the plan is being revised; or
       ``(III) the Postal Service has determined to make 
     adjustments described in paragraph (1)(B) rather than 
     continue with the plan.

       ``(5) Commission review of implementation.--
       ``(A) In general.--In making the determination required 
     under section 3653, the Commission shall--
       ``(i) review the implementation of each plan developed 
     under paragraph (1)(A); and
       ``(ii) make such recommendations as the Commission 
     considers appropriate.
       ``(B) Consideration.--The Postal Service shall consider any 
     recommendations under subparagraph (A)(ii) in the same manner 
     as provided under paragraph (3).
       ``(h) Periodic Review of Service Standards.--The Commission 
     shall periodically--
       ``(1) review the appropriateness of the service standards; 
     and
       ``(2) submit to Congress and the Postal Service a report on 
     the review conducted under paragraph (1).''.
       (2) Technical and conforming amendment.--The table of 
     sections for chapter 36 of title 39, United States Code, is 
     amended by striking the item relating to section 3691 and 
     inserting the following:

``3691. Modern service standards, performance targets, and performance 
              measurements.''.
       (b) Review of Nationwide Service Standard Changes.--Section 
     3661 of title 39, United States Code, as amended by section 
     945 of this title, is amended by adding at the end the 
     following:
       ``(e) Changes Relating to Market-dominant Products.--
       ``(1) Inspector general review.--Upon a request by the 
     Postal Service for an advisory opinion from the Commission 
     under subsection (b) relating to a nationwide or 
     substantially nationwide change in service standards for the 
     delivery of market-dominant products, including when the 
     Postal Service establishes new performance targets under 
     section 3691(e), the Inspector General shall, not later than 
     90 days after the submission of the request--
       ``(A) conduct a review of the proposal to determine 
     whether--
       ``(i) the Postal Service formulated the proposal based on 
     accurate data;
       ``(ii) the Postal Service followed appropriate policies and 
     procedures of the Postal Service in formulating the proposal; 
     and
       ``(iii) the proposal prioritizes the needs of the postal 
     customer; and
       ``(B) submit a report on the review conducted under 
     subparagraph (A) to--
       ``(i) the Postal Service;
       ``(ii) the Commission;
       ``(iii) the Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental 
     Affairs of the Senate; and
       ``(iv) the Committee on Oversight and Government Reform of 
     the House of Representatives.
       ``(2) Commission review.--Not earlier than 30 days after 
     the date on which the Inspector General submits a report on a 
     proposal to the Commission under paragraph (1), the 
     Commission shall issue its opinion on the proposal.''.
       (c) Report to Congress.--Not later than 180 days after the 
     date on which the report is submitted to the Commission under 
     section 950(e)(2) of this title, the Commission shall submit 
     to Congress a report that includes--
       (1) a determination as to whether the service standards for 
     market-dominant products in effect on the day before the date 
     of enactment of this Act achieve the objectives and factors 
     set forth under section 3691 of title 39, United States Code, 
     as amended by this section; and
       (2) recommendations as to how delivery service to postal 
     customers could be improved based on the financial condition 
     of the Postal Service.
       (d) Temporary Floor for Service Standards.--The Postal 
     Service may not revise the service standards for market-
     dominant products in effect on the day before the date of 
     enactment of this Act in a manner that lengthens delivery 
     times before the date on which the report is submitted to the 
     Commission under section 950(e)(2) of this title.

     SEC. 952. POSTAL SERVICE CHIEF INNOVATION OFFICER.

       (a) In General.--Chapter 2 of title 39, United States Code, 
     is amended by adding at the end the following:

     ``Sec. 209. Chief Innovation Officer

       ``(a) In General.--There is established within the Postal 
     Service the position of Chief Innovation Officer, appointed 
     by the Postmaster General, who shall manage the Postal 
     Service's development and implementation of innovative postal 
     and nonpostal products and services.
       ``(b) Duties.--The primary duties of the Chief Innovation 
     Officer are as follows:
       ``(1) Leading the development of innovative nonpostal 
     products and services that will maximize revenue to the 
     Postal Service.

[[Page S5293]]

       ``(2) Developing innovative postal products and services, 
     specifically those that utilize emerging information 
     technologies, to maximize revenue to the Postal Service.
       ``(3) Implementing the innovation strategy described under 
     subsection (d).
       ``(4) Monitoring the performance of innovative products and 
     services and revising them as needed to meet changing market 
     trends.
       ``(5) Taking into consideration comments or advisory 
     opinions, if applicable, issued by the Postal Regulatory 
     Commission prior to the initial sale of innovative postal or 
     nonpostal products and services.
       ``(c) Appointment.--
       ``(1) Deadline.--As soon as practicable after the date of 
     enactment of the Postal Service Reform Act of 2018, but not 
     later than 6 months after such date, the Postmaster General 
     shall appoint a Chief Innovation Officer.
       ``(2) Requirements.--Any individual appointed to serve as 
     the Chief Innovation Officer shall have proven expertise and 
     a record of success in at least 1 of the following:
       ``(A) Postal and shipping industry.
       ``(B) Innovation product research and development.
       ``(C) Marketing brand strategy.
       ``(D) Emerging communications technology.
       ``(E) Business process management.
       ``(3) Current officer or employee eligible.--An officer or 
     employee of the Postal Service may be appointed to the 
     position of Chief Innovation Officer under this chapter. Upon 
     appointment to such position, such officer or employee may 
     not concurrently hold any other position in the Postal 
     Service.
       ``(d) Innovation Strategy.--
       ``(1) In general.--Not later than 12 months after the date 
     on which the Chief Innovation Officer is appointed under 
     subsection (c)(1), the Postmaster General shall submit to the 
     Committee on Oversight and Government Reform of the House of 
     Representatives, the Committee on Homeland Security and 
     Governmental Affairs of the Senate, and the Postal Regulatory 
     Commission a comprehensive strategy for maximizing revenues 
     through innovative postal and nonpostal products and 
     services.
       ``(2) Matters to be addressed.--The strategy submitted 
     under paragraph (1) shall address--
       ``(A) the specific innovative postal and nonpostal products 
     and services to be developed and offered by the Postal 
     Service, including the nature of the market to be filled by 
     each product and service and the likely date by which each 
     product and service will be introduced;
       ``(B) the cost of developing and offering each product or 
     service;
       ``(C) the anticipated sales volume of each product and 
     service;
       ``(D) the anticipated revenues and profits expected to be 
     generated by each product and service;
       ``(E) the likelihood of success of each product and service 
     as well as the risks associated with the development and sale 
     of each product and service;
       ``(F) the trends anticipated in market conditions that may 
     affect the success of each product and service over the 5-
     year period beginning on the date such strategy or update is 
     submitted;
       ``(G) the metrics that will be utilized to assess the 
     effectiveness of the innovation strategy; and
       ``(H) the specific methods by which mailpiece design 
     analysis may be improved to speed the approval process and 
     promote the increased use of innovative mailpiece design.
       ``(3) Strategy updates.--On January 1, 2020, and every 3 
     years thereafter, the Postal Service shall submit an update 
     to the innovation strategy submitted under paragraph (1) to 
     the Committee on Oversight and Government Reform of the House 
     of Representatives, the Committee on Homeland Security and 
     Governmental Affairs of the Senate, and the Postal Regulatory 
     Commission.
       ``(e) Report.--
       ``(1) In general.--On the date of submission of the 
     President's annual budget under section 1105(a) of title 31, 
     the Postmaster General shall submit to the Committee on 
     Oversight and Government Reform of the House of 
     Representatives, the Committee on Homeland Security and 
     Governmental Affairs of the Senate, and the Postal Regulatory 
     Commission a report that details the Postal Service's 
     progress in implementing the innovation strategy described 
     under subsection (d).
       ``(2) Matters to be addressed.--The report required under 
     paragraph (1) shall address--
       ``(A) the revenue generated by each product and service 
     developed through the innovation strategy and the costs of 
     developing and offering each such product and service for the 
     most recent fiscal year;
       ``(B) the total sales volume and revenue generated by each 
     product and service on a monthly basis for the preceding 
     year;
       ``(C) trends in the markets filled by each product and 
     service;
       ``(D) products and services identified in the innovation 
     strategy that are to be discontinued, the date on which the 
     discontinuance will occur, and the reasons for the 
     discontinuance;
       ``(E) alterations in products and services identified in 
     the innovation strategy that will be made to meet changing 
     market conditions, and an explanation of how these 
     alterations will ensure the success of the products and 
     services; and
       ``(F) the performance of the innovation strategy according 
     to the metrics identified in subsection (d)(2)(G).
       ``(f) Comptroller General Study.--
       ``(1) In general.--The Comptroller General shall conduct a 
     study on the implementation of the innovation strategy 
     described under subsection (d) not later than 4 years after 
     the date of enactment of the Postal Service Reform Act of 
     2018.
       ``(2) Contents.--The study required under paragraph (1) 
     shall assess the effectiveness of the Postal Service in 
     identifying, developing, and selling innovative postal and 
     nonpostal products and services. The study shall also 
     include--
       ``(A) an audit of the costs of developing each innovative 
     postal and nonpostal product and service developed or offered 
     by the Postal Service during the period beginning on the date 
     of enactment of the Postal Service Reform Act of 2018 and 
     ending 4 years after such date;
       ``(B) the sales volume of each such product and service;
       ``(C) the revenues and profits generated by each such 
     product and service; and
       ``(D) the likelihood of continued success of each such 
     product and service.
       ``(3) Submission.--The results of the study required under 
     this subsection shall be submitted to the Committee on 
     Oversight and Government Reform of the House of 
     Representatives, the Committee on Homeland Security and 
     Governmental Affairs of the Senate, and the Postal Regulatory 
     Commission.''.
       (b) Technical and Conforming Amendment.--The table of 
     sections for chapter 2 of title 39, United States Code, is 
     amended by adding at the end the following:

``209. Chief Innovation Officer.''.

     SEC. 953. EMERGENCY SUSPENSIONS OF POST OFFICES.

       (a) In General.--Section 404 of title 39, United States 
     Code, is amended by adding at the end the following:
       ``(f) Emergency Suspensions.--
       ``(1) Definitions.--In this subsection--
       ``(A) the terms `alternate service' and `temporary 
     location' include a location at which customers affected by 
     an emergency suspension of a post office, or the expiration 
     of the lease or rental agreement for a post office, may send 
     and receive mail, which may include the provision and regular 
     servicing of a Cluster Box Unit (commonly known as a `CBU') 
     by the Postal Service;
       ``(B) the term `discontinuance procedures' means the 
     procedures required for the discontinuance of a post office 
     under subsection (d) and any regulations promulgated under 
     that subsection;
       ``(C) the term `emergency suspension' means the temporary 
     suspension of retail operations at a post office, without 
     following discontinuance procedures for the post office, 
     because of--
       ``(i) a natural disaster;
       ``(ii) the termination of a lease or rental agreement by 
     the lessor;
       ``(iii) a lack of qualified personnel to operate the post 
     office;
       ``(iv) severe or irreparable damage to, or destruction of, 
     the post office when alternate quarters acceptable to the 
     Postal Service for use as a post office are not immediately 
     available in the community;
       ``(v) a challenge to the sanctity of the mail; or
       ``(vi) a lack of adequate measures to safeguard the post 
     office or its revenues; and
       ``(D) the term `post office'--
       ``(i) means a Post Office, as that term is defined in 
     section 241.1 of title 39, Code of Federal Regulations, or 
     any successor regulation; and
       ``(ii) includes a post office branch or post office 
     station.
       ``(2) Authority.--The Postal Service may implement an 
     emergency suspension of a post office in accordance with the 
     requirements under paragraphs (3) through (7).
       ``(3) Notification.--If the Postal Service implements an 
     emergency suspension of a post office, the Postal Service 
     shall provide immediate notice of the suspension to--
       ``(A) the relevant local, regional, State, and Federal 
     officials, including--
       ``(i) each Member of Congress who represents the area in 
     which the affected post office is located; and
       ``(ii) the chief executive of each relevant unit of local 
     government; and
       ``(B) customers, notification to whom shall include--
       ``(i) the effective date of the suspension;
       ``(ii) the reason for the suspension;
       ``(iii) any alternate service available;
       ``(iv) the nearest postal retail facility (as defined in 
     section 903 of the Postal Service Reform Act of 2018) and 
     hours of service; and
       ``(v) the name and contact information of an individual to 
     contact for more information.
       ``(4) Alternate service.--If the Postal Service implements 
     an emergency suspension of a post office, the Postal Service 
     shall provide alternate drop-off, pick-up, and post office 
     box services at 1 or more locations that are as close as 
     feasible to the suspended post office.
       ``(5) Employee reassignment.--If the Postal Service 
     implements an emergency suspension of a post office, the 
     Postal Service shall temporarily reassign each employee of 
     the post office in accordance with each applicable Federal 
     statute, Federal regulation, and collective bargaining 
     agreement.
       ``(6) Suspension review.--

[[Page S5294]]

       ``(A) In general.--Within a reasonable period of time after 
     the date on which the Postal Service implements an emergency 
     suspension of a post office, the Postal Service shall review 
     the emergency suspension and determine whether to--
       ``(i) reopen the post office; or
       ``(ii) continue the emergency suspension.
       ``(B) Reopening.--
       ``(i) Notification.--If the Postal Service makes a 
     determination under subparagraph (A) to reopen a post office, 
     the Postal Service shall provide notice to the persons 
     described in paragraph (3) of the date by which the Postal 
     Service expects to reopen the post office.
       ``(ii) Delay.--If the Postal Service does not reopen a post 
     office by the date specified under clause (i), not later than 
     the next business day after that date, the Postal Service 
     shall provide notice of the delay to the persons described in 
     paragraph (3), including a new date by which the Postal 
     Service expects to reopen the post office, if such a date is 
     known.
       ``(iii) Subsequent delays.--If the Postal Service does not 
     reopen a post office by a new date specified under clause 
     (ii), the Postal Service shall provide to the persons 
     described in paragraph (3) notice, and a new date in the same 
     manner as under clause (ii) of this subparagraph, and shall 
     continue to do so at regular intervals until the Postal 
     Service reopens the post office or initiates discontinuance 
     procedures for the post office.
       ``(C) Continued suspension.--
       ``(i) In general.--If the Postal Service makes a 
     determination under subparagraph (A) to continue the 
     emergency suspension of a post office, the Postal Service--

       ``(I) not later than 30 days after making the 
     determination, shall--

       ``(aa) provide alternate services that are the same or 
     substantially similar to the services provided at the 
     suspended post office on a temporary basis at a location 
     within a reasonable distance of the suspended post office, 
     which may be at the nearest postal facility; and
       ``(bb)(AA) initiate discontinuance procedures for the post 
     office;
       ``(BB) publish a plan to restore service to the affected 
     community within a reasonable period of time; or
       ``(CC) provide notice to the persons described in paragraph 
     (3) of the date on which the Postal Service expects to 
     publish a plan to restore the same or substantially similar 
     service to the affected community within a reasonable period 
     of time; and

       ``(II) if the Postal Service elects to provide notice under 
     subclause (I)(bb)(CC), shall, not later than 90 days after 
     the date of the initial determination to implement the 
     emergency suspension, publish the plan described in that 
     subclause.

       ``(ii) Delay in restoration of service.--If the Postal 
     Service publishes a plan to restore service to an affected 
     community under subclause (I)(bb)(BB) or (II) of clause (i) 
     and such service to the affected community is not restored 
     within 180 days of the date on which the emergency suspension 
     was implemented, the Postal Service shall--

       ``(I)(aa) publish notice of the continued suspension, 
     including--

       ``(AA) a reason for the delay; and
       ``(BB) an anticipated date of restoration of service; and

       ``(bb) not later than 30 days after publishing the notice 
     under item (aa), host a question-and-answer forum--

       ``(AA) that members of the community may attend, at a 
     location accessible to the affected community; or
       ``(BB) in which members of the affected community may 
     participate by teleconference or videoconference; or

       ``(II) initiate discontinuance procedures for the post 
     office.

       ``(iii) 1-year delay.--If, as of the date that is 1 year 
     after the date on which an emergency suspension of a post 
     office was implemented, service to the affected community has 
     not been restored and the Postal Service has not initiated 
     discontinuance procedures for the post office, the Postal 
     Service--

       ``(I) shall publish notice of the continued suspension, 
     including--

       ``(aa) a reason for the delay; and
       ``(bb) an anticipated date of restoration of such service;

       ``(II) shall host--

       ``(aa) not later than 30 days after publishing the notice 
     under subclause (I), a second question-and-answer forum 
     described in clause (ii)(I)(bb); and
       ``(bb) additional question-and-answer fora described in 
     clause (ii)(I)(bb) every subsequent 180 days until--
       ``(AA) such service is restored; or
       ``(BB) the Postal Service initiates discontinuance 
     procedures for the post office; and

       ``(III) if services similar to those that have not been 
     restored are not located within a reasonable distance of the 
     post office, not later than 60 days after the date that is 1 
     year after the date on which the emergency suspension was 
     implemented, shall develop and publish a plan to provide 
     essential services, including alternate retail and post 
     office box services, on a temporary basis at a location 
     within a reasonable distance of the suspended post office.

       ``(7) Restoration of service.--Upon the restoration of 
     service under paragraph (6)(C), the Postal Service shall 
     immediately notify--
       ``(A) the affected community; and
       ``(B) the Headquarters Review Coordinator.
       ``(8) Lease or rental agreement expiration.--
       ``(A) In general.--
       ``(i) Prohibition on emergency suspensions.--The Postal 
     Service may not implement an emergency suspension of a post 
     office based on the expiration of the lease or rental 
     agreement for the post office.
       ``(ii) Alternative process.--The Postal Service shall 
     establish an alternative process for the suspension of postal 
     services to a community based on the expiration of a lease or 
     rental agreement for a post office in accordance with 
     subparagraphs (B) through (G) of this paragraph.
       ``(B) Failure to reach agreement.--If, as of 30 days before 
     the expiration of a lease or rental agreement for a post 
     office, the Postal Service does not expect to reach an 
     agreement with the lessor to extend the lease or rental 
     agreement or to sell the property to the Postal Service, the 
     Postal Service shall--
       ``(i) notify the affected community of a possible 
     disruption in service due to the possible expiration of the 
     lease or rental agreement; and
       ``(ii) include in the notification under clause (i)--

       ``(I) the expiration date of the lease or rental agreement;
       ``(II) alternate services available if the lease or rental 
     agreement expires,;
       ``(III) the nearest post offices and hours of service; and
       ``(IV) the name, telephone number, and email address of an 
     individual to contact for more information.

       ``(C) Restoration of service.--Not later than 5 days after 
     the date on which a lease or rental agreement for a post 
     office expires, the Postal Service shall make best efforts to 
     commence actions required to restore the same or 
     substantially similar service to the community in which the 
     post office that was the subject of the expired lease or 
     rental agreement is located.
       ``(D) Failure to restore service.--If, within 30 days after 
     the expiration of a lease or rental agreement for a post 
     office, the Postal Service is unable to restore service at 
     the same location or at another location in the affected 
     community, the Postal Service shall publish notice of intent 
     to restore the same or substantially similar service to the 
     affected community--
       ``(i) within a reasonable period of time; and
       ``(ii) in any event, not later than 180 days after the date 
     on which the lease or rental agreement expired.
       ``(E) Delay in restoration of service.--If the Postal 
     Service publishes notice of intent to restore the same or 
     substantially similar service to an affected community under 
     subparagraph (D) and such service to the affected community 
     is not restored within 180 days of the date on which the 
     lease or rental agreement for the post office expired, the 
     Postal Service shall--
       ``(i) publish notice of the delay, including--

       ``(I) a reason for the delay; and
       ``(II) an anticipated date of restoration of such service; 
     and

       ``(ii) within a reasonable period of time after publishing 
     the notice under clause (i), host a question-and-answer 
     forum--

       ``(I) that members of the community may attend, at a 
     location accessible to the affected community; or
       ``(II) in which members of the affected community may 
     participate by teleconference or videoconference.

       ``(F) Further delays in restoration of service.--Upon the 
     expiration of each 30-day period after the date on which the 
     Postal Service publishes notice of a delay under subparagraph 
     (E)(i), if the same or substantially similar service to the 
     affected community has not been restored, the Postal Service 
     shall publish an updated notice of the delay that includes 
     the anticipated date of restoration of such service.
       ``(G) 1-year delay.--If the same or substantially similar 
     service to the affected community is not restored within 1 
     year of the date on which the lease or rental agreement for 
     the post office expired, the Postal Service--
       ``(i) shall host--

       ``(I) a second question-and-answer forum described in 
     subparagraph (E)(ii); and
       ``(II) additional question-and-answer fora described in 
     subparagraph (E)(ii) in the affected community as determined 
     necessary by the Postal Service until--

       ``(aa) such service is restored; or
       ``(bb) the Postal Service initiates discontinuance 
     procedures for the post office; and
       ``(ii) if no alternate services are located within a 
     reasonable distance of the post office, not later than 60 
     days after the date that is 1 year after the date on which 
     the lease or rental agreement for the post office expired, 
     shall develop and publish a plan to provide essential 
     services, including alternate retail and post office box 
     services, on a temporary basis at a location within a 
     reasonable distance of the post office.''.
       (b) Applicability.--The amendment made by subsection (a) 
     shall apply to any emergency suspension of a post office that 
     is implemented on or after the date that is 1 year after the 
     date of enactment of this Act.

     SEC. 954. MAILING ADDRESS REQUIREMENTS.

       (a) In General.--Subchapter VI of chapter 36 of title 39, 
     United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the 
     following:

     ``Sec. 3687. Mailing address requirements

       ``(a) Definitions.--In this section--

[[Page S5295]]

       ``(1) the term `municipality' means a city, town, borough, 
     county, parish, district, association, or other public entity 
     established by, or pursuant to, applicable State law; and
       ``(2) the term `State' means each of the several States, 
     territories, and possessions of the United States, the 
     District of Columbia, and the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico.
       ``(b) Requirement for Physical and Mailing Addresses to 
     Correspond.--The State and municipality used by the Postal 
     Service for the delivery address for purposes of mail matter 
     shall correspond with the State and municipality of the 
     physical address of the location for the delivery of such 
     mail matter.''.
       (b) Technical and Conforming Amendment.--The table of 
     sections for chapter 36 of title 39, United States Code, is 
     amended by inserting after the item relating to section 3686 
     the following:

``3687. Mailing address requirements.''.

                 Subtitle C--Postal Contracting Reform

     SEC. 961. CONTRACTING PROVISIONS.

       (a) In General.--Part I of title 39, United States Code, is 
     amended by adding at the end the following:

                  ``CHAPTER 7--CONTRACTING PROVISIONS

``Sec.
``701. Definitions.
``702. Delegation of contracting authority.
``703. Posting of noncompetitive purchase requests for noncompetitive 
              contracts.
``704. Review of ethical issues.
``705. Ethical restrictions on participation in certain contracting 
              activity.

     ``Sec. 701. Definitions

       ``In this chapter--
       ``(1) the term `contracting officer' means an employee of a 
     covered postal entity who has authority to enter into a 
     postal contract;
       ``(2) the term `covered postal entity' means--
       ``(A) the Postal Service; or
       ``(B) the Postal Regulatory Commission;
       ``(3) the term `head of a covered postal entity' means--
       ``(A) in the case of the Postal Service, the Postmaster 
     General; or
       ``(B) in the case of the Postal Regulatory Commission, the 
     Chairman of the Postal Regulatory Commission;
       ``(4) the term `postal contract' means--
       ``(A) in the case of the Postal Service, any contract 
     (including any agreement or memorandum of understanding) 
     entered into by the Postal Service for the procurement of 
     goods or services; or
       ``(B) in the case of the Postal Regulatory Commission, any 
     contract (including any agreement or memorandum of 
     understanding) in an amount exceeding the simplified 
     acquisition threshold (as defined in section 134 of title 41) 
     entered into by the Postal Regulatory Commission for the 
     procurement of goods or services; and
       ``(5) the term `senior procurement executive' means the 
     senior procurement executive of a covered postal entity.

     ``Sec. 702. Delegation of contracting authority

       ``(a) In General.--
       ``(1) Policy.--Not later than 60 days after the date of 
     enactment of this chapter, the head of each covered postal 
     entity shall issue a policy on contracting officer 
     delegations of authority for postal contracts for the covered 
     postal entity.
       ``(2) Contents.--The policy issued under paragraph (1) 
     shall require that--
       ``(A) notwithstanding any delegation of authority with 
     respect to postal contracts, the ultimate responsibility and 
     accountability for the award and administration of postal 
     contracts resides with the senior procurement executive; and
       ``(B) a contracting officer shall maintain an awareness of, 
     and engagement in, the activities being performed on postal 
     contracts of which that officer has cognizance, 
     notwithstanding any delegation of authority that may have 
     been executed.
       ``(b) Posting of Delegations.--
       ``(1) In general.--The head of each covered postal entity 
     shall make any delegation of authority for postal contracts 
     outside the functional contracting unit readily available and 
     accessible on the website of the covered postal entity.
       ``(2) Effective date.--This paragraph shall apply to any 
     delegation of authority made on or after the date that is 30 
     days after the date of enactment of this chapter.

     ``Sec. 703. Posting of noncompetitive purchase requests for 
       noncompetitive contracts

       ``(a) Posting Required.--
       ``(1) Postal regulatory commission.--The Postal Regulatory 
     Commission shall make the noncompetitive purchase request for 
     any noncompetitive award for any contract (including any 
     agreement or memorandum of understanding) entered into by the 
     Postal Regulatory Commission for the procurement of goods and 
     services in an amount of $20,000 or more, including the 
     rationale supporting the noncompetitive award, publicly 
     available on the website of the Postal Regulatory 
     Commission--
       ``(A) not later than 14 days after the date of the award of 
     the noncompetitive contract; or
       ``(B) not later than 30 days after the date of the award of 
     the noncompetitive contract, if the basis for the award was a 
     compelling business interest.
       ``(2) Postal service.--The Postal Service shall make the 
     noncompetitive purchase request for any noncompetitive award 
     of a postal contract in an amount of $250,000 or more, 
     including the rationale supporting the noncompetitive award, 
     publicly available on the website of the Postal Service--
       ``(A) not later than 14 days after the date of the award; 
     or
       ``(B) not later than 30 days after the date of the award, 
     if the basis for the award was a compelling business 
     interest.
       ``(3) Adjustments to the posting threshold.--
       ``(A) Review and determination.--Not later than January 31 
     of each year, the Postal Service and the Postal Regulatory 
     Commission shall--
       ``(i) review the applicable threshold established under 
     paragraph (1) or (2); and
       ``(ii) based on any change in the Consumer Price Index for 
     All Urban Consumers of the Department of Labor, determine 
     whether an adjustment to the threshold shall be made.
       ``(B) Amount of adjustments.--An adjustment under 
     subparagraph (A) shall be made in increments of $5,000. If 
     the covered postal entity determines that a change in the 
     Consumer Price Index for a year would require an adjustment 
     in an amount that is less than $5,000, the covered postal 
     entity may not make an adjustment to the threshold for the 
     year.
       ``(4) Effective date.--This subsection shall apply to any 
     noncompetitive contract awarded on or after the date that is 
     90 days after the date of enactment of this chapter.
       ``(b) Public Availability.--
       ``(1) In general.--Subject to paragraph (2), the 
     information required to be made publicly available by a 
     covered postal entity under subsection (a) shall be readily 
     accessible on the website of the covered postal entity.
       ``(2) Protection of proprietary information.--A covered 
     postal entity shall--
       ``(A) carefully screen any description of the rationale 
     supporting a noncompetitive award required to be made 
     publicly available under subsection (a) to determine whether 
     the description includes proprietary data (including any 
     reference or citation to the proprietary data) or security-
     related information; and
       ``(B) remove any proprietary data or security-related 
     information before making publicly available a description of 
     the rationale supporting a noncompetitive award.
       ``(c) Waivers.--
       ``(1) Waiver permitted.--If the Postal Service determines 
     that making a noncompetitive purchase request for a postal 
     contract of the Postal Service under subsection (a)(2) 
     publicly available would risk placing the Postal Service at a 
     competitive disadvantage relative to a private sector 
     competitor, the senior procurement executive, in consultation 
     with the advocate for competition of the Postal Service, may 
     waive the requirements under subsection (a).
       ``(2) Form and content of waiver.--
       ``(A) Form.--A waiver under paragraph (1) shall be in the 
     form of a written determination placed in the file of the 
     contract to which the noncompetitive purchase request 
     relates.
       ``(B) Content.--A waiver under paragraph (1) shall 
     include--
       ``(i) a description of the risk associated with making the 
     noncompetitive purchase request publicly available; and
       ``(ii) a statement that redaction of sensitive information 
     in the noncompetitive purchase request would not be 
     sufficient to protect the Postal Service from being placed at 
     a competitive disadvantage relative to a private sector 
     competitor.
       ``(3) Delegation of waiver authority.--The Postal Service 
     may not delegate the authority to approve a waiver under 
     paragraph (1) to any employee having less authority than the 
     senior procurement executive.

     ``Sec. 704. Review of ethical issues

       ``If a contracting officer identifies any ethical issues 
     relating to a proposed contract and submits those issues and 
     that proposed contract to the designated ethics official for 
     the covered postal entity before the awarding of that 
     contract, that ethics official shall--
       ``(1) review the proposed contract; and
       ``(2) advise the contracting officer on the appropriate 
     resolution of ethical issues.

     ``Sec. 705. Ethical restrictions on participation in certain 
       contracting activity

       ``(a) Definitions.--In this section--
       ``(1) the term `covered employee' means--
       ``(A) a contracting officer; or
       ``(B) any employee of a covered postal entity whose 
     decisionmaking affects a postal contract as determined by 
     regulations prescribed by the head of a covered postal 
     entity;
       ``(2) the term `final conviction' means a conviction 
     entered by a court, regardless of whether such conviction was 
     entered on a verdict or pursuant to a plea (including a plea 
     of nolo contendere), and with regard to which no further 
     appeal may be taken or is pending; and
       ``(3) the term `covered relationship' means a covered 
     relationship described in section 2635.502(b)(1) of title 5, 
     Code of Federal Regulations, or any successor thereto.
       ``(b) In General.--
       ``(1) Regulations.--The head of each covered postal entity 
     shall prescribe regulations that--
       ``(A) require a covered employee to include in the file of 
     any noncompetitive purchase request for a noncompetitive 
     postal contract a written certification that--
       ``(i) discloses any covered relationship of the covered 
     employee; and

[[Page S5296]]

       ``(ii) states that the covered employee will not take any 
     action with respect to the noncompetitive purchase request 
     that affects the financial interests of any person with which 
     the covered employee has a covered relationship, or otherwise 
     gives rise to an appearance of the use of public office for 
     private gain, as described in section 2635.702 of title 5, 
     Code of Federal Regulations, or any successor thereto;
       ``(B) require a contracting officer to consult with the 
     ethics counsel for the covered postal entity regarding any 
     disclosure made by a covered employee under subparagraph 
     (A)(i), to determine whether participation by the covered 
     employee in the noncompetitive purchase request would give 
     rise to a violation of part 2635 of title 5, Code of Federal 
     Regulations (commonly referred to as the Standards of Ethical 
     Conduct for Employees of the Executive Branch), or any 
     successor thereto;
       ``(C) require the ethics counsel for a covered postal 
     entity to review any disclosure made by a contracting officer 
     under subparagraph (A)(i) to determine whether participation 
     by the contracting officer in the noncompetitive purchase 
     request would give rise to a violation of part 2635 of title 
     5, Code of Federal Regulations (commonly referred to as the 
     Standards of Ethical Conduct for Employees of the Executive 
     Branch), or any successor thereto;
       ``(D) under subsections (d) and (e) of section 2635.502 of 
     title 5, Code of Federal Regulations, or any successor 
     thereto, require the ethics counsel for a covered postal 
     entity to--
       ``(i) authorize a covered employee that makes a disclosure 
     under subparagraph (A)(i) to participate in the 
     noncompetitive postal contract; or
       ``(ii) disqualify a covered employee that makes a 
     disclosure under subparagraph (A)(i) from participating in 
     the noncompetitive postal contract;
       ``(E) require a contractor to timely disclose to the 
     contracting officer in a bid, solicitation, award, or 
     performance of a postal contract any conflict of interest 
     with a covered employee; and
       ``(F) include authority for the head of the covered postal 
     entity to grant a waiver or otherwise mitigate any 
     organizational or personal conflict of interest, if the head 
     of the covered postal entity determines that the waiver or 
     mitigation is in the best interests of the covered postal 
     entity.
       ``(2) Posting of waivers.--Not later than 30 days after the 
     head of a covered postal entity grants a waiver described in 
     paragraph (1)(F), the head of the covered postal entity shall 
     make the waiver publicly available on the website of the 
     covered postal entity.
       ``(c) Contract Voidance and Recovery.--
       ``(1) Unlawful conduct.--In any case in which there is a 
     final conviction for a violation of any provision of chapter 
     11 of title 18 relating to a postal contract, the head of a 
     covered postal entity may--
       ``(A) void that contract; and
       ``(B) recover the amounts expended and property transferred 
     by the covered postal entity under that contract.
       ``(2) Obtaining or disclosing procurement information.--
       ``(A) In general.--In any case in which a contractor under 
     a postal contract fails to timely disclose a conflict of 
     interest to the appropriate contracting officer as required 
     under the regulations promulgated under subsection (b)(1)(E), 
     the head of a covered postal entity may--
       ``(i) void that contract; and
       ``(ii) recover the amounts expended and property 
     transferred by the covered postal entity under that contract.
       ``(B) Conviction or administrative determination.--A case 
     described under subparagraph (A) is any case in which--
       ``(i) there is a final conviction for an offense punishable 
     under section 2105 of title 41; or
       ``(ii) the head of a covered postal entity determines, 
     based upon a preponderance of the evidence, that the 
     contractor or someone acting for the contractor has engaged 
     in conduct constituting an offense punishable under section 
     2105 of such title.''.
       (b) Technical and Conforming Amendment.--The table of 
     chapters at the beginning of part I is amended by adding at 
     the end the following:

``7. Contracting Provisions..................................701''.....

     SEC. 962. TECHNICAL AMENDMENT TO DEFINITION.

       Section 7101(8) of title 41, United States Code, is 
     amended--
       (1) by striking ``and'' at the end of subparagraph (C);
       (2) by striking the period at the end of subparagraph (D) 
     and inserting ``; and''; and
       (3) by adding at the end the following:
       ``(E) the United States Postal Service and the Postal 
     Regulatory Commission.''.

 Subtitle D--Postal Regulatory Commission, Inspector General, Related 
                     Provisions, and Miscellaneous

     SEC. 981. POSTAL REGULATORY COMMISSION.

       Section 502 of title 39, United States Code, is amended--
       (1) in subsection (c), by striking ``subsection (f)'' and 
     inserting ``subsections (f) and (g)''; and
       (2) by adding at the end the following:
       ``(g) A Commissioner may serve for not more than 2 full 
     terms as a Commissioner.''.

     SEC. 982. INSPECTOR GENERAL OF THE UNITED STATES POSTAL 
                   SERVICE AND THE POSTAL REGULATORY COMMISSION.

       (a) Appointment of Inspector General of the United States 
     Postal Service and the Postal Regulatory Commission by 
     President.--Section 8G of the Inspector General Act of 1978 
     (5 U.S.C. App.) is amended--
       (1) in subsection (a)--
       (A) in paragraph (2), by striking ``the United States 
     International Trade Commission, the Postal Regulatory 
     Commission, and the United States Postal Service'' and 
     inserting ``the United States International Trade Commission, 
     and the United States Postal Service and the Postal 
     Regulatory Commission''; and
       (B) in paragraph (4), by striking subparagraph (B) and 
     inserting the following:
       ``(B) with respect to the United States Postal Service and 
     the Postal Regulatory Commission, such term, for purposes of 
     oversight of--
       ``(i) the United States Postal Service, means the Governors 
     (as defined in section 102(3) of title 39, United States 
     Code); and
       ``(ii) the Postal Regulatory Commission, means the Chairman 
     of the Postal Regulatory Commission;'';
       (2) in subsection (d)(1), by inserting ``or subsection 
     (f)(3)'' after ``Except as provided in paragraph (2)''; and
       (3) in subsection (f)--
       (A) by striking paragraph (1) and inserting the following:
       ``(1)(A) There is established in the United States Postal 
     Service the Office of the Inspector General of the United 
     States Postal Service and the Postal Regulatory Commission.
       ``(B) There shall be at the head of the Office of the 
     Inspector General of the United States Postal Service and the 
     Postal Regulatory Commission an Inspector General (referred 
     to in this subsection as the `Inspector General') who shall 
     be appointed by the President, by and with the advice and 
     consent of the Senate, without regard to political 
     affiliation and solely on the basis of integrity and 
     demonstrated ability in accounting, auditing, financial 
     analysis, law, management analysis, public administration, or 
     investigations.
       ``(C) The Inspector General may be removed from office by 
     the President. If the Inspector General is removed from 
     office or is transferred to another position or location 
     within the United States Postal Service, the President shall 
     communicate in writing the reasons for any such removal or 
     transfer to both Houses of Congress, not later than 30 days 
     before the removal or transfer. Nothing in this subparagraph 
     shall prohibit a personnel action otherwise authorized by 
     law, other than transfer or removal.
       ``(D) For the purposes of section 7324 of title 5, United 
     States Code, the Inspector General shall not be considered to 
     be an employee who determines policies to be pursued by the 
     United States in the nationwide administration of Federal 
     laws.
       ``(E) The Inspector General shall have all of the 
     authorities and responsibilities provided by this Act with 
     respect to the Postal Regulatory Commission, as if the Postal 
     Regulatory Commission were part of the United States Postal 
     Service.'';
       (B) in paragraph (2), by striking ``of the United States 
     Postal Service (hereinafter in this subsection referred to as 
     the `Inspector General')'';
       (C) in paragraph (3)--
       (i) in subparagraph (A)--

       (I) in clause (i), in the matter preceding subclause (I), 
     by inserting ``relating to the United States Postal Service'' 
     before ``which require access to sensitive information''; and
       (II) in clause (iii), by striking ``Committee on 
     Governmental Affairs of the Senate'' and inserting 
     ``Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs of 
     the Senate'';

       (ii) in subparagraph (B)(i), by inserting ``and the Postal 
     Regulatory Commission'' after ``United States Postal 
     Service''; and
       (iii) in subparagraph (C), by striking ``Committee on 
     Governmental Affairs of the Senate'' and inserting 
     ``Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs of 
     the Senate'';
       (D) in paragraph (4), by adding at the end the following: 
     ``Nothing in this paragraph may be invoked by the United 
     States Postal Service to restrict or limit any audit or 
     investigation that the Inspector General considers 
     appropriate.''; and
       (E) in paragraph (6), by inserting ``and the Postal 
     Regulatory Commission'' after ``United States Postal 
     Service''.
       (b) Interim Power of Inspector General of the United States 
     Postal Service.--During the period beginning on the date of 
     enactment of this Act and ending on the date on which the 
     first individual is appointed as Inspector General of the 
     United States Postal Service and the Postal Regulatory 
     Commission after the date of enactment of this Act, the 
     Inspector General of the United States Postal Service shall 
     have all of the authorities and responsibilities provided by 
     the Inspector General Act of 1978 (5 U.S.C. App.) with 
     respect to the Postal Regulatory Commission on the day before 
     the date of enactment of this Act, as if the Postal 
     Regulatory Commission were part of the United States Postal 
     Service.
       (c) Transfer of Personnel.--
       (1) Office of the inspector general of the united states 
     postal service.--The personnel employed in the Office of the 
     Inspector General of the United States Postal Service are 
     transferred to the Office of the Inspector General of the 
     United States Postal Service and the Postal Regulatory 
     Commission.
       (2) Office of the inspector general of the postal 
     regulatory commission.--The

[[Page S5297]]

     personnel employed in the Office of the Inspector General of 
     the Postal Regulatory Commission may be transferred to the 
     other offices of the Postal Regulatory Commission.
       (3) Modern service and performance standards.--Any 
     unobligated amounts made available to carry out the functions 
     of the Office of the Inspector General of the Postal 
     Regulatory Commission before the date of enactment of this 
     Act shall be used to establish and revise modern service 
     standards and measure performance under section 3691 of title 
     39, United States Code, as amended by section 950(a) of this 
     title.
       (4) Effect.--During the 1-year period beginning on the date 
     of enactment of this Act, any full-time or part-time employee 
     who, on the day before such date of enactment, was employed 
     in a permanent position in the Office of the Inspector 
     General of the Postal Regulatory Commission, shall not be 
     separated or reduced in grade or compensation because of the 
     transfer under an amendment made by this section.
       (d) Technical and Conforming Amendments.--
       (1) Title 39, united states code.--Title 39, United States 
     Code, is amended--
       (A) in section 102(4), by striking ``section 202(e) of this 
     title'' and inserting ``section 8G(f)(1)(B) of the Inspector 
     General Act of 1978 (5 U.S.C. App.)'';
       (B) in section 202, by striking subsection (e);
       (C) in section 504, by striking subsection (h);
       (D) in section 1001(b), in the first sentence, by inserting 
     ``, and section 8G(f)(1)(B) of the Inspector General Act of 
     1978 (5 U.S.C. App.)'' after ``1001(c) of this title'';
       (E) in section 1003(b), by striking ``11(2)'' and inserting 
     ``12(2)'';
       (F) in section 1005(a)(3), by inserting ``, and section 
     8G(f)(1)(B) of the Inspector General Act of 1978 (5 U.S.C. 
     App.)'' after ``1001(c) of this title'';
       (G) in section 2009, by inserting ``and the Postal 
     Regulatory Commission'' after ``United States Postal 
     Service''; and
       (H) in section 2011(h)(2)(D), by inserting ``and the Postal 
     Regulatory Commission'' after ``United States Postal 
     Service''.
       (2) Omnibus consolidated appropriations act, 1997.--Section 
     662(d) of the Omnibus Consolidated Appropriations Act, 1997 
     (39 U.S.C. 2802 note) is amended--
       (A) in paragraph (1)--
       (i) in the paragraph heading, by inserting ``and the postal 
     regulatory commission'' after ``Postal service'';
       (ii) in subparagraph (A), by inserting ``and the Postal 
     Regulatory Commission'' after ``Postal Service''; and
       (iii) in subparagraph (B)(i), by inserting ``and the Postal 
     Regulatory Commission'' after ``Postal Service''; and
       (B) in the first sentence of paragraph (2), by inserting 
     ``and the Postal Regulatory Commission'' after ``Postal 
     Service''.
       (e) Savings Provisions.--
       (1) Suits.--The provisions of this title shall not affect 
     suits commenced before the effective date of this title, and 
     in all such suits, proceeding shall be had, appeals taken, 
     and judgments rendered in the same manner and with the same 
     effect as if this title had not been enacted.
       (2) Nonabatement of actions.--No suit, action, or other 
     proceeding commenced by or against the Inspector General of 
     the United States Postal Service or the Inspector General of 
     the Postal Regulatory Commission, or by or against any 
     individual in the official capacity of such individual as an 
     officer of the Office of the Inspector General of the United 
     States Postal Service or the Office of the Inspector General 
     of the Postal Regulatory Commission shall abate by reason of 
     the enactment of this title.
       (3) Continuance of suits.--If, before the effective date of 
     this title, the Office of the Inspector General of the United 
     States Postal Service or the Office of the Inspector General 
     of the Postal Regulatory Commission or officer thereof in the 
     official capacity of such officer, is party to a suit, and 
     under this title any function of the Office of the Inspector 
     General of the United States Postal Service or the Office of 
     the Inspector General of the Postal Regulatory Commission or 
     officer is transferred to the Inspector General of the United 
     States Postal Service and the Postal Regulatory Commission or 
     any other official of the Office of the Inspector General of 
     the United States Postal Service and the Postal Regulatory 
     Commission, then such suit shall be continued with the 
     Inspector General of the United States Postal Service and the 
     Postal Regulatory Commission or other appropriate official of 
     the Office of the Inspector General of the United States 
     Postal Service and the Postal Regulatory Commission 
     substituted or added as a party.
       (f) Applicability.--
       (1) In general.--Except with respect to the amendment made 
     by subsection (a)(1)(A) relating to the Postal Regulatory 
     Commission and the amendment made by subsection (d)(1)(C), 
     the amendments made by this section shall apply with respect 
     to the first individual appointed as Inspector General of the 
     United States Postal Service and the Postal Regulatory 
     Commission after the date of enactment of this Act.
       (2) Rule of construction.--Nothing in this title may be 
     construed to alter the authority or the length of the term of 
     the individual serving as Inspector General of the United 
     States Postal Service on the date of enactment of this Act.
       (g) References in This Title to the Inspector General of 
     the United States Postal Service.--On and after the date on 
     which the first individual is appointed as Inspector General 
     of the United States Postal Service and the Postal Regulatory 
     Commission after the date of enactment of this Act, each 
     reference in this title to the Inspector General of the 
     Postal Service shall be deemed to be a reference to the 
     Inspector General of the United States Postal Service and the 
     Postal Regulatory Commission.
       (h) Resources for Waste, Fraud, and Abuse Investigations.--
       (1) In general.--Chapter 4 of title 39, United States Code, 
     is amended by adding at the end the following:

     ``Sec. 417. Waste, fraud, and abuse investigations

       ``The Postal Service may transfer such resources to the 
     Inspector General for waste, fraud, and abuse investigations 
     as the Postal Service determines necessary.''.
       (2) Technical and conforming amendment.--The table of 
     sections for chapter 4 of title 39, United States Code, is 
     amended by adding at the end the following:

``417. Waste, fraud, and abuse investigations.''.

     SEC. 983. GAO REPORT ON FRAGMENTATION, OVERLAP, AND 
                   DUPLICATION IN FEDERAL PROGRAMS AND ACTIVITIES.

       The Comptroller General of the United States shall include 
     in the annual report to Congress required under section 21 of 
     the Joint Resolution entitled ``Joint Resolution increasing 
     the statutory limit on the public debt'', approved February 
     12, 2010 (31 U.S.C. 712 note), that is applicable to the 
     first year beginning after the date of enactment of this Act 
     a review of the duplication of services and functions between 
     the Office of the Inspector General of the Postal Service, 
     the Postal Inspection Service, and any other Federal agency.
                                 ______
                                 
  SA 3464. Mr. LEAHY (for himself, Ms. Klobuchar, Mr. Coons, Ms. 
Hirono, Mr. Warner, Mr. Reed) submitted an amendment intended to be 
proposed by him to the bill H.R. 6147, making appropriations for the 
Department of the Interior, environment, and related agencies for the 
fiscal year ending September 30, 2019, and for other purposes; which 
was ordered to lie on the table; as follows:

       At the appropriate place in division B, insert the 
     following:
       Sec. __.  In addition to amounts made available for the 
     Election Assistance Commission, $250,000,000 shall be made 
     available for election security grants:  Provided, That, of 
     the unobligated balances available under the heading 
     ``Treasury Forfeiture Fund'', $380,000,000 are hereby 
     permanently rescinded not later than September 30, 2019.
                                 ______
                                 
  SA 3465. Ms. HEITKAMP submitted an amendment intended to be proposed 
to amendment SA 3399 proposed by Mr. Shelby to the bill H.R. 6147, 
making appropriations for the Department of the Interior, environment, 
and related agencies for the fiscal year ending September 30, 2019, and 
for other purposes; which was ordered to lie on the table; as follows:

       At the appropriate place in title VII of division C, insert 
     the following:
       Sec. __. (a) The Secretary of Agriculture may provide debt 
     forgiveness to an Indian tribe (as defined in section 4 of 
     the Indian Self-Determination and Education Assistance Act 
     (25 U.S.C. 5304)) for a direct loan provided under the 
     Community Facilities Direct Loan and Grant program under 
     subpart A of part 1942 of title 7, Code of Federal 
     Regulations (or successor regulations), if--
       (1) the Indian tribe is designated as a Promise Zone under 
     the Promise Zones Initiative; and
       (2) the land of the Indian tribe is partly or wholly 
     located in an area designated as a qualified opportunity zone 
     under subchapter Z of chapter 1 of subtitle A of the Internal 
     Revenue Code of 1986.
       (b) Nothing in this section adversely affects the ability 
     of an Indian tribe that receives debt forgiveness under 
     subsection (a) to apply for or receive any other Federal 
     loan.
                                 ______
                                 
  SA 3466. Mr. MURPHY (for himself and Mr. Blumenthal) submitted an 
amendment intended to be proposed by him to the bill H.R. 6147, making 
appropriations for the Department of the Interior, environment, and 
related agencies for the fiscal year ending September 30, 2019, and for 
other purposes; which was ordered to lie on the table; as follows:

       At the appropriate place in division D, insert the 
     following:
       Sec. __. (a) In this section--
       (1) the term ``covered State'' means a State that 
     administers a crumbling foundations assistance fund;
       (2) the term ``crumbling foundations assistance fund'' 
     means a fund established by a State the purpose of which is 
     to receive public or private contributions to provide 
     financial assistance to owners of residential buildings in 
     the State to repair or replace the concrete foundations of 
     those residential buildings that have deteriorated due to the 
     presence of pyrrhotite;
       (3) the term ``residential building'' means a 1-family, 2-
     family, 3-family or 4-family

[[Page S5298]]

     dwelling, including a condominium unit or dwelling in a 
     planned unit development; and
       (4) the term ``Secretary'' means the Secretary of Housing 
     and Urban Development.
       (b) Not later than 90 days after the date of enactment of 
     this Act, the Secretary shall establish and implement a 
     program to make grants to covered States to assist owners of 
     residential buildings with concrete foundations that have 
     deteriorated due to the presence of pyrrhotite.
       (c) A covered State desiring a grant under this section 
     shall submit an application to the Secretary at such time, in 
     such manner, and accompanied by such information as the 
     Secretary may require.
       (d) A covered State receiving a grant under this section 
     shall deposit any grant amounts into the crumbling 
     foundations assistance fund of the State for the purpose of 
     carrying out the activities described in subsection (e).
       (e) A covered State receiving a grant under this section 
     shall--
       (1) develop a single, unified application for owners of 
     residential buildings to apply for all financial assistance 
     from the crumbling foundations assistance fund of the covered 
     State;
       (2) provide financial assistance to approved owners of 
     residential buildings for the repair or replacement of 
     concrete foundations that have deteriorated due to the 
     presence of pyrrhotite, including financial reimbursement to 
     owners who have had such repair or replacement performed 
     before the date of enactment of this Act;
       (3) assist approved owners of residential buildings to 
     obtain additional financing necessary to fully fund the 
     repair or replacement of concrete foundations that have 
     deteriorated due to the presence of pyrrhotite;
       (4) approve contractors or other vendors for eligibility to 
     perform foundation repairs or replacements on behalf of 
     approved owners;
       (5) ensure that the financial assistance is used solely for 
     costs of repairing and replacing concrete foundations that 
     have deteriorated due to the presence of pyrrhotite; and
       (6) require the disclosure of the amount of all financial 
     compensation received by an owner of the residential 
     building, if any, arising out of a claim for coverage under 
     the property coverage provisions of the homeowners policy for 
     foundation deterioration due to the presence of pyrrhotite 
     and ensure that the amount is considered when determining the 
     amount of financial assistance offered to the owner.
       (f)(1) Each grant awarded to a covered State under this 
     section in a fiscal year shall be in an amount of not more 
     than $20,000,000.
       (2) A grant awarded under this section shall be for a 
     period of 5 years.
       (g) The Secretary shall submit to the Committee on Banking, 
     Housing, and Urban Affairs of the Senate and the Committee on 
     Financial Services of the House of Representatives an annual 
     report on the grant program established under this section, 
     including a summary of the use of funds by covered States 
     receiving a grant under this section.
                                 ______
                                 
  SA 3467. Mr. MURPHY (for himself and Mr. Blumenthal) submitted an 
amendment intended to be proposed by him to the bill H.R. 6147, making 
appropriations for the Department of the Interior, environment, and 
related agencies for the fiscal year ending September 30, 2019, and for 
other purposes; which was ordered to lie on the table; as follows:

       In the matter under the heading ``salaries and expenses'' 
     under the heading ``Departmental Offices'' under the heading 
     ``DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY'' in title I of division B, 
     strike paragraphs (2) and (3) and insert the following:
       (2) not to exceed $258,000 is for unforeseen emergencies of 
     a confidential nature to be allocated and expended under the 
     direction of the Secretary of the Treasury and to be 
     accounted for solely on the Secretary's certificate;
       (3) not to exceed $24,000,000 shall remain available until 
     September 30, 2020, for--
       (A) the Treasury-wide Financial Statement Audit and 
     Internal Control Program;
       (B) information technology modernization requirements;
       (C) the audit, oversight, and administration of the Gulf 
     Coast Restoration Trust Fund;
       (D) the development and implementation of programs within 
     the Office of Critical Infrastructure Protection and 
     Compliance Policy, including entering into cooperative 
     agreements;
       (E) operations and maintenance of facilities; and
       (F) international operations; and
       (4) not to exceed $100,000 is for a study, led by the 
     Secretary of the Treasury, in consultation with relevant 
     regulators, that--
       (A) examines the financial impact of the mineral pyrrhotite 
     in concrete home foundations; and
       (B) provides recommendations on regulatory and legislative 
     actions needed to help mitigate the financial impact 
     described in subparagraph (A) on banks, mortgage lenders, tax 
     revenues, and homeowners.
                                 ______
                                 
  SA 3468. Mr. MURPHY (for himself and Mr. Blumenthal) submitted an 
amendment intended to be proposed to amendment SA 3399 proposed by Mr. 
Shelby to the bill H.R. 6147, making appropriations for the Department 
of the Interior, environment, and related agencies for the fiscal year 
ending September 30, 2019, and for other purposes; which was ordered to 
lie on the table; as follows:

       On page 21, line 23, insert after ``2020;'' the following: 
     ``of which $100,000 shall be made available to the United 
     States Geological Survey Mineral Resources Program for the 
     development of a map depicting pyrrhotite occurrences 
     throughout the United States;''.
                                 ______
                                 
  SA 3469. Mr. MARKEY (for himself, Mr. Merkley, Mr. Carper, Mr. 
Booker, Mr. Menendez, Mr. Reed, Mr. Whitehouse, Mr. Wyden, Ms. Hassan, 
Mrs. Shaheen, Mr. Van Hollen, Mr. Nelson, and Mr. Blumenthal) submitted 
an amendment intended to be proposed by him to the bill H.R. 6147, 
making appropriations for the Department of the Interior, environment, 
and related agencies for the fiscal year ending September 30, 2019, and 
for other purposes; which was ordered to lie on the table; as follows:

       At the end of title I, add the following:


                 safety in offshore drilling activities

       Sec. 117. None of the funds made available by this or any 
     other Act may be used to carry out a termination or 
     diminishment of effectiveness of any rule or rulemaking, if 
     the termination or diminishment of effectiveness would reduce 
     safety in offshore drilling activities.
                                 ______
                                 
  SA 3470. Mr. MARKEY (for himself, Mr. Merkley, Mr. Carper, Mr. 
Booker, Mr. Menendez, Mr. Reed, Mr. Whitehouse, Mr. Wyden, Ms. Hassan, 
Mrs. Shaheen, Mr. Van Hollen, and Mr. Nelson) submitted an amendment 
intended to be proposed by him to the bill H.R. 6147, making 
appropriations for the Department of the Interior, environment, and 
related agencies for the fiscal year ending September 30, 2019, and for 
other purposes; which was ordered to lie on the table; as follows:

       At the end of title I, add the following:


                 proposed oil and gas leasing programs

       Sec. 117. None of the funds made available by this or any 
     other Act may be used by the Secretary of the Interior--
       (1) to approve or carry out the 2019-2024 National Outer 
     Continental Shelf Oil and Gas Leasing Draft Proposed Program 
     issued by the Secretary of the Interior in January 2018 under 
     section 18 of the Outer Continental Shelf Lands Act (43 
     U.S.C. 1344); or
       (2) to prepare, approve, or carry out any other proposed 
     oil and gas leasing program under that section that would 
     open up new areas of the outer Continental Shelf to oil and 
     gas exploration, development, production, or leasing.
                                 ______
                                 
  SA 3471. Mr. WYDEN (for himself, Mr. Risch, Mr. Crapo, and Mr. 
Merkley) submitted an amendment intended to be proposed to amendment SA 
3399 proposed by Mr. Shelby to the bill H.R. 6147, making 
appropriations for the Department of the Interior, environment, and 
related agencies for the fiscal year ending September 30, 2019, and for 
other purposes; which was ordered to lie on the table; as follows:
       At the appropriate place in title I of division D, insert 
     the following:
       Sec. 1__.  Section 31112(c) of title 49, United States 
     Code, is amended--
       (1) in the subsection heading, by striking ``and Kansas'' 
     and inserting ``Kansas, and Oregon'';
       (2) in paragraph (4), by striking ``and'' at the end;
       (3) in paragraph (5), by striking ``state.'' and inserting 
     ``State; and''; and
       (4) by adding at the end the following:
       ``(6) Oregon may allow the operation of a truck tractor and 
     2 property-carrying units not in actual lawful operation on a 
     regular or periodic basis on June 1, 1991, if--
       ``(A) the length of the property-carrying units does not 
     exceed 82 feet 8 inches;
       ``(B) the combination is used only to transport sugar 
     beets; and
       ``(C) the operation occurs on United States Route 20, 
     United States Route 26, United States Route 30, or Oregon 
     Route 201 in the vicinity, or between any, of--
       ``(i) Vale, Oregon;
       ``(ii) Ontario, Oregon; or
       ``(iii) Nyssa, Oregon.''.
                                 ______
                                 
  SA 3472. Mr. DAINES submitted an amendment intended to be proposed to 
amendment SA 3399 proposed by Mr. Shelby to the bill H.R. 6147, making 
appropriations for the Department of the Interior, environment, and 
related agencies for the fiscal year ending September 30, 2019, and for 
other purposes; which was ordered to lie on the table; as follows:
       At the appropriate place in title I of division A, insert 
     the following:
       Sec. 1__.  Section 6(d)(2)(A) of the Forest and Rangeland 
     Renewable Resources Planning Act of 1974 (16 U.S.C. 
     1604(d)(2)(A)) is amended--

[[Page S5299]]

       (1) in clause (i), by striking ``and'' at the end;
       (2) in clause (ii), by striking the period at the end and 
     inserting ``; or''; and
       (3) by adding at the end the following:
       ``(iii) any new information (within the meaning of 
     subsection (b) of section 402.16 of title 50, Code of Federal 
     Regulations (or a successor regulation)).''.
                                 ______
                                 
  SA 3473. Mr. SCHATZ submitted an amendment intended to be proposed by 
him to the bill H.R. 6147, making appropriations for the Department of 
the Interior, environment, and related agencies for the fiscal year 
ending September 30, 2019, and for other purposes; which was ordered to 
lie on the table; as follows:
       At the appropriate place in division B, insert the 
     following:
       Sec. __.  For businesses and residents impacted by a major 
     disaster declared by the President under section 401 of 
     Robert T. Stafford Disaster Relief and Emergency Assistance 
     Act (42 U.S.C. 5170) in 2018 with respect to a volcano 
     eruption or related earthquakes, the Administrator of the 
     Small Business Administration shall extend the application 
     deadline--
       (1) for physical damage disaster loans under section 
     7(b)(1)(A) of the Small Business Act (15 U.S.C. 636(b)(1)(A)) 
     to 60 days following the date on which the property damage 
     occurred; and
       (2) for economic injury disaster loans under section 
     7(b)(2) of the Small Business Act (15 U.S.C. 636(b)(2)) on a 
     case-by-case basis, taking into account the ongoing nature of 
     the major disaster.
                                 ______
                                 
  SA 3474. Mrs. SHAHEEN submitted an amendment intended to be proposed 
to amendment SA 3399 proposed by Mr. Shelby to the bill H.R. 6147, 
making appropriations for the Department of the Interior, environment, 
and related agencies for the fiscal year ending September 30, 2019, and 
for other purposes; which was ordered to lie on the table; as follows:
       At the appropriate place in division B, insert the 
     following:

     SEC. __. NATIONAL GUARD AND RESERVE ENTREPRENEURSHIP 
                   SUPPORTS.

       (a) Short Title.--This section may be cited as the 
     ``National Guard and Reserve Entrepreneurship Support Act''.
       (b) Extension of Loan Assistance and Deferral Eligibility 
     to Reservists Beyond Periods of Military Conflict.--
       (1) Small business act amendments.--Section 7 of the Small 
     Business Act (15 U.S.C. 636) is amended--
       (A) in subsection (b)(3)--
       (i) in subparagraph (A)--

       (I) by striking clause (ii);
       (II) by redesignating clause (i) as clause (ii);
       (III) by inserting before clause (ii), as so redesignated, 
     the following:

       ``(i) the term `active service' has the meaning given that 
     term in section 101(d)(3) of title 10, United States Code;''; 
     and

       (IV) in clause (ii), as so redesignated, by adding ``and'' 
     at the end;

       (ii) in subparagraph (B), by striking ``being ordered to 
     active military duty during a period of military conflict'' 
     and inserting ``being ordered to perform active service for a 
     period of more than 30 consecutive days'';
       (iii) in subparagraph (C), by striking ``active duty'' each 
     place it appears and inserting ``active service''; and
       (iv) in subparagraph (G)(ii)(II), by striking ``active 
     duty'' and inserting ``active service''; and
       (B) in subsection (n)--
       (i) in the subsection heading, by striking ``Active Duty'' 
     and inserting ``Active Service'';
       (ii) in paragraph (1)--

       (I) by striking subparagraph (C);
       (II) by redesignating subparagraphs (A) and (B) as 
     subparagraphs (B) and (C), respectively;
       (III) by inserting before subparagraph (B), as so 
     redesignated, the following:

       ``(A) Active service.--The term `active service' has the 
     meaning given that term in section 101(d)(3) of title 10, 
     United States Code.'';

       (IV) in subparagraph (B), as so redesignated, by striking 
     ``ordered to active duty during a period of military 
     conflict'' and inserting ``ordered to perform active service 
     for a period of more than 30 consecutive days''; and
       (V) in subparagraph (D), by striking ``active duty'' each 
     place it appears and inserting ``active service''; and

       (iii) in paragraph (2)(B), by striking ``active duty'' each 
     place it appears and inserting ``active service''.
       (2) Applicability.--The amendments made by paragraph (1)(A) 
     shall apply to an economic injury suffered or likely to be 
     suffered as the result of an essential employee being ordered 
     to perform active service (as defined in section 101(d)(3) of 
     title 10, United States Code) for a period of more than 30 
     consecutive days who is discharged or released from such 
     active service on or after the date of enactment of this Act.
       (3) Semiannual report.--Not later than 180 days after the 
     date of enactment of this Act, and semiannually thereafter, 
     the President shall submit to the Committee on Small Business 
     and Entrepreneurship and the Committee on Appropriations of 
     the Senate and the Committee on Small Business and the 
     Committee on Appropriations of the House of Representatives a 
     report on the number of loans made under the Military 
     Reservist Economic Injury Disaster Loan program and the 
     dollar volume of those loans. The report shall contain the 
     subsidy rate of the disaster loan program as authorized under 
     section 7(b) of the Small Business Act (15 U.S.C. 636(b)) 
     with the loans made under the Military Reservist Economic 
     Injury Disaster Loan program and without those loans 
     included.
       (4) Technical and conforming amendment.--Section 8(l) of 
     the Small Business Act (15 U.S.C. 637(l)) is amended--
       (A) by striking ``The Administration'' and inserting the 
     following:
       ``(1) In general.--The Administration'';
       (B) by striking ``(as defined in section 7(n)(1))''; and
       (C) by adding at the end the following:
       ``(2) Definition of period of military conflict.--In this 
     subsection, the term `period of military conflict' means--
       ``(A) a period of war declared by the Congress;
       ``(B) a period of national emergency declared by the 
     Congress or by the President; or
       ``(C) a period of a contingency operation, as defined in 
     section 101(a) of title 10, United States Code.''.
       (c) National Guard and Reserve Deployment Support and 
     Business Training Program.--
       (1) Expansion of small business administration outreach 
     programs.--Section 8(b)(17) of the Small Business Act (15 
     U.S.C. 637(b)(17)) is amended by striking ``and members of a 
     reserve component of the Armed Forces'' and inserting 
     ``members of a reserve component of the Armed Forces, and the 
     spouses of veterans and members of a reserve component of the 
     Armed Forces''.
       (2) Establishment of program.--Section 32 of the Small 
     Business Act (15 U.S.C. 657) is amended by adding at the end 
     the following:
       ``(g) National Guard and Reserve Deployment Support and 
     Business Training.--
       ``(1) In general.--In making grants carried out under 
     section 8(b)(17), the Associate Administrator shall establish 
     a program, to be known as the `National Guard and Reserve 
     Deployment Support and Business Training Program', to provide 
     training, counseling and other assistance to support members 
     of a reserve component of the Armed Forces and their spouses.
       ``(2) Authorities.--In carrying out this subsection, the 
     Associate Administrator may--
       ``(A) modify programs and resources made available through 
     section 8(b)(17) to provide pre-deployment and other 
     information specific to members of a reserve component of the 
     Armed Forces and their spouses;
       ``(B) collaborate with the Chief of the National Guard 
     Bureau or the Chief's designee, State Adjunct Generals or 
     their designees, and other public and private partners; and
       ``(C) provide training, information and other resources to 
     the Chief of the National Guard Bureau or the Chief's 
     designee and State Adjunct Generals or their designees for 
     the purpose of supporting members of a reserve component of 
     the Armed Forces and the spouses of veterans and members of a 
     reserve component of the Armed Forces.''.
                                 ______
                                 
  SA 3475. Mrs. SHAHEEN submitted an amendment intended to be proposed 
to amendment SA 3399 proposed by Mr. Shelby to the bill H.R. 6147, 
making appropriations for the Department of the Interior, environment, 
and related agencies for the fiscal year ending September 30, 2019, and 
for other purposes; which was ordered to lie on the table; as follows:
       On page 223, between lines 2 and 3, insert the following
       Sec. 527.  Not later than 90 days after the date of 
     enactment of this Act, the Administrator of General Services 
     shall submit to Congress a report that describes the ways in 
     which the General Services Administration ensures equal 
     public access to Federal buildings in the New England region, 
     including--
       (1) an analysis of each occasion during the 18-month period 
     ending on the date of enactment of this Act in which a 
     Federal agency has limited, prevented, or permanently denied 
     access to a Federal building in the region to any individual 
     or group;
       (2) a description of the 1 or more specific justifications 
     of the applicable Federal agency with respect to each 
     limitation, prevention, or denial of access analyzed under 
     paragraph (1); and
       (3) an analysis of whether each justification described 
     under paragraph (2) complies with Federal law (including 
     regulations).
                                 ______
                                 
  SA 3476. Mrs. SHAHEEN submitted an amendment intended to be proposed 
to amendment SA 3399 proposed by Mr. Shelby to the bill H.R. 6147, 
making appropriations for the Department of the Interior, environment, 
and related agencies for the fiscal year ending September 30, 2019, and 
for other purposes; which was ordered to lie on the table; as follows:

       At the appropriate place in division D, insert the 
     following:
       Sec. __. (a) The Secretary of Housing and Urban Development 
     shall continue to engage in efforts authorized by the 
     Violence Against

[[Page S5300]]

     Women Reauthorization Act of 2013 (Public Law 113-4; 127 
     Stat. 54) to ensure that survivors of domestic violence and 
     sexual assault are not unlawfully evicted or denied housing 
     by certain landlords based on their experience as survivors.
       (b) Not later than 180 days after the date of enactment of 
     this Act, the Secretary of Housing and Urban Development 
     shall submit to Congress a report on the efforts described in 
     subsection (a).
                                 ______
                                 
  SA 3477. Mr. WICKER submitted an amendment intended to be proposed by 
him to the bill H.R. 6147, making appropriations for the Department of 
the Interior, environment, and related agencies for the fiscal year 
ending September 30, 2019, and for other purposes; which was ordered to 
lie on the table; as follows:

       At the appropriate place in title V of division B, insert 
     the following:
       Sec. ___. (a) None of the funds made available under this 
     Act for the Mobility Fund Phase II auction may be used to 
     conduct such an auction until the Federal Communications 
     Commission completes a rulemaking that reassesses the data 
     collection procedures that were used to develop the initial 
     eligible areas map for Mobility Fund Phase II, including by 
     examining whether different factors should be used to create 
     a more accurate map that lessens the burden on persons 
     engaging in the challenge process.
       (b) For purposes of this section--
       (1) the term ``challenge process'' means the process 
     established by the Federal Communications Commission under 
     which a person may challenge the initial determination that 
     an area is ineligible for universal service support provided 
     under Mobility Fund Phase II; and
       (2) the term ``Mobility Fund Phase II'' means the second 
     phase of the proceeding to provide universal service support 
     from the Mobility Fund (WC Docket No. 10-90; WT Docket No. 
     10-208).
                                 ______
                                 
  SA 3478. Mr. INHOFE submitted an amendment intended to be proposed to 
amendment SA 3399 proposed by Mr. Shelby to the bill H.R. 6147, making 
appropriations for the Department of the Interior, environment, and 
related agencies for the fiscal year ending September 30, 2019, and for 
other purposes; which was ordered to lie on the table; as follows:

       At the appropriate place in title VII of division C, insert 
     the following:
       Sec. __.  Notwithstanding any other provision of law, the 
     City of Sand Springs, Oklahoma, shall be eligible for loans 
     and grants provided under the rural community advancement 
     program under subtitle E of the Consolidated Farm and Rural 
     Development Act (7 U.S.C. 2009 et seq.).
                                 ______
                                 
  SA 3479. Mr. INHOFE submitted an amendment intended to be proposed to 
amendment SA 3399 proposed by Mr. Shelby to the bill H.R. 6147, making 
appropriations for the Department of the Interior, environment, and 
related agencies for the fiscal year ending September 30, 2019, and for 
other purposes; which was ordered to lie on the table; as follows:

       At the appropriate place in division B, insert the 
     following:
       Sec. __. (a) In this section--
       (1) the terms ``depository institution'' and ``State'' have 
     the meanings given those terms in section 3 of the Federal 
     Deposit Insurance Act (12 U.S.C. 1813); and
       (2) the term ``major disaster'' has the meaning given the 
     term in section 102 of the Robert T. Stafford Disaster Relief 
     and Emergency Assistance Act (42 U.S.C. 5122).
       (b)(1) Not later than 15 days after the date on which a 
     designated point of contact within the Federal Deposit 
     Insurance Corporation receives notice from the President or 
     the Governor of a State that the President has declared a 
     major disaster under section 401 of the Robert T. Stafford 
     Disaster Relief and Emergency Assistance Act (42 U.S.C. 5170) 
     or the Governor has declared a state of disaster for all or 
     part of that State, as applicable, the Federal Deposit 
     Insurance Corporation shall issue guidance to depository 
     institutions located in the area for which the President 
     declared the major disaster or the Governor declared a state 
     of disaster, as applicable, for reducing regulatory burdens 
     for borrowers and communities in order to facilitate recovery 
     from the disaster.
       (2) The guidance issued under paragraph (1) shall include 
     instructions from the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation 
     consistent with existing flexibility for a major disaster 
     declared under section 401 of the Robert T. Stafford Disaster 
     Relief and Emergency Assistance Act (42 U.S.C. 5170).
       (c) Not later than 180 days of the date of enactment of 
     this Act, the Office of the Comptroller of the Currency, the 
     Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System, the Federal 
     Deposit Insurance Corporation, and the National Credit Union 
     Administration shall jointly issue guidance for depository 
     institutions affected by a state of disaster that is 
     comparable to the guidance issued by those entities in 
     December 2017 entitled ``Interagency Supervisory Examiner 
     Guidance for Institutions Affected by a Major Disaster''.
                                 ______
                                 
  SA 3480. Mr. INHOFE submitted an amendment intended to be proposed to 
amendment SA 3399 proposed by Mr. Shelby to the bill H.R. 6147, making 
appropriations for the Department of the Interior, environment, and 
related agencies for the fiscal year ending September 30, 2019, and for 
other purposes; which was ordered to lie on the table; as follows:

       At the appropriate place in title I of division D, insert 
     the following:
       Sec. 1__.  The Secretary of Transportation shall consult 
     with the Assistant Secretary of the Army for Civil Works to 
     identify any existing authorities and any additional 
     authorities that may be needed to leverage funds from 
     Department of Transportation programs for purposes of inland 
     waterway project costs.
                                 ______
                                 
  SA 3481. Mr. GARDNER (for himself and Ms. Warren) submitted an 
amendment intended to be proposed by him to the bill H.R. 6147, making 
appropriations for the Department of the Interior, environment, and 
related agencies for the fiscal year ending September 30, 2019, and for 
other purposes; which was ordered to lie on the table; as follows:

       At the appropriate place, insert the following:
       Sec. ___.  None of the funds made available by this Act may 
     be used by any Department or agency to carry out activities 
     that prevent or interfere with the implementation of State 
     laws that authorize the use, distribution, possession, or 
     cultivation of marijuana, unless such activities directly 
     implicate 1 or more of the Federal enforcement priorities 
     described in the memoranda by James M. Cole, entitled 
     ``Guidance Regarding Marijuana Enforcement'' dated August 29, 
     2013, and entitled ``Guidance Regarding Marijuana Financial 
     Crimes'' dated February 14, 2014.
                                 ______
                                 
  SA 3482. Mr. CASSIDY submitted an amendment intended to be proposed 
to amendment SA 3399 proposed by Mr. Shelby to the bill H.R. 6147, 
making appropriations for the Department of the Interior, environment, 
and related agencies for the fiscal year ending September 30, 2019, and 
for other purposes; which was ordered to lie on the table; as follows:

       On page 84, line 5, insert after ``2022'' the following: 
     ``, of which not less than $500,000 shall be made available 
     for wood utilization research to develop woody and 
     agricultural biomass conversion of low-value woody biomass 
     using microwave-assisted liquefaction''.
                                 ______
                                 
  SA 3483. Mr. CASSIDY submitted an amendment intended to be proposed 
by him to the bill H.R. 6147, making appropriations for the Department 
of the Interior, environment, and related agencies for the fiscal year 
ending September 30, 2019, and for other purposes; which was ordered to 
lie on the table; as follows:

       At the end of title IV of division A, add the following:


prohibition of funds to close the southern research station alexandria 
                            forestry center

       Sec. 43__.  (a) None of the funds made available by this 
     Act may be used by the Secretary of Agriculture to relocate 
     activities, resources, or personnel from, or permanently 
     close, the Southern Research Station Alexandria Forestry 
     Center in Pineville, Louisiana.
       (b) The Secretary shall--
       (1) reach out to stakeholders of the Utilization of 
     Southern Forest Resources research work unit (RWU-4704) to 
     gather feedback from the stakeholders relating to the best 
     ways to ensure the maintenance of a viable research program 
     at the research station referred to in subsection (a); and
       (2) based on the feedback provided under paragraph (1), 
     develop a strategy for maintaining that research program.
                                 ______
                                 
  SA 3484. Ms. WARREN (for herself and Mr. Markey) submitted an 
amendment intended to be proposed to amendment SA 3399 proposed by Mr. 
Shelby to the bill H.R. 6147, making appropriations for the Department 
of the Interior, environment, and related agencies for the fiscal year 
ending September 30, 2019, and for other purposes; which was ordered to 
lie on the table; as follows:

       On page 497, line 6, insert ``(including enhanced vouchers 
     for projects that have received or are receiving State-funded 
     interest reduction payments), HOPE VI vouchers'' after 
     ``Act''.

                                 ______
                                 
  SA 3485. Mrs. MURRAY (for herself and Ms. Cantwell) submitted an 
amendment intended to be proposed to amendment SA 3399 proposed by Mr. 
Shelby to the bill H.R. 6147, making appropriations for the Department 
of the Interior, environment, and related

[[Page S5301]]

agencies for the fiscal year ending September 30, 2019, and for other 
purposes; which was ordered to lie on the table; as follows:

       At the appropriate place in division C, insert the 
     following:
       Sec. ___.  In administering the pilot program established 
     by section 779 of division A of the Consolidated 
     Appropriations Act, 2018 (Public Law 115-141), the Secretary 
     of Agriculture shall--
       (1) ensure that rural areas that are determined to be 
     ineligible for the pilot program have a means of appealing or 
     otherwise challenging that determination in a timely fashion; 
     and
       (2) in determining whether an entity may overbuild or 
     duplicate broadband expansion efforts made by any entity that 
     has received a broadband loan from the Rural Utilities 
     Service, not consider loans that were rescinded or defaulted 
     on, or loans the terms and conditions of which were not met, 
     if the entity under consideration has not previously 
     defaulted on, or failed to meet the terms and conditions of, 
     a Rural Utilities Service loan or had a Rural Utilities 
     Service loan rescinded.
                                 ______
                                 
  SA 3486. Mr. MERKLEY (for himself and Mr. Wyden) submitted an 
amendment intended to be proposed to amendment SA 3399 proposed by Mr. 
Shelby to the bill H.R. 6147, making appropriations for the Department 
of the Interior, environment, and related agencies for the fiscal year 
ending September 30, 2019, and for other purposes; which was ordered to 
lie on the table; as follows:

       In title I of division D, insert the following after 
     section 119F:
       Sec. __. Improving the Essential Air Service Program.----
     Section 41731 of title 49, United States Code, is amended by 
     adding at the end the following new subsection:
       ``(g) Exception for Certain Locations With High Military 
     Use.--Subparagraph (D) of subsection (a)(1) shall not apply 
     with respect to any location that--
       ``(1) is certified under part 139 of title 14, Code of 
     Federal Regulations;
       ``(2) is not owned by the Federal government; and
       ``(3) for which not less than 10 percent of airport 
     operations in 2017 were by aircraft of the Armed Forces.''.
                                 ______
                                 
  SA 3487. Mr. MERKLEY (for himself and Mr. Wyden) submitted an 
amendment intended to be proposed to amendment SA 3399 proposed by Mr. 
Shelby to the bill H.R. 6147, making appropriations for the Department 
of the Interior, environment, and related agencies for the fiscal year 
ending September 30, 2019, and for other purposes; which was ordered to 
lie on the table; as follows:

       At the appropriate place in division A, insert the 
     following:

     SEC. __. REFORMS AND OVERSIGHT TO U.S. FOREST SERVICE 
                   CONTRACTING.

       (a) Definitions.--In this section:
       (1) H-2B nonimmigrant.--The term ``H-2B nonimmigrant'' 
     means a nonimmigrant described in section 
     101(a)(15)(H)(ii)(b) of the Immigration and Nationality Act 
     (8 U.S.C. 1101(a)(15)(H)(ii)(b)).
       (2) Prospective h-2b employer.--The term ``prospective H-2B 
     employer'' means a United States business that is considering 
     employing 1 or more H-2B nonimmigrants.
       (3) State workforce agency.--Except as used in subsection 
     (b), the term ``State workforce agency'' means the workforce 
     agency of the State in which the prospective H-2B employer 
     intends to employ H-2B nonimmigrants.
       (b) Department of Labor.--
       (1) Recruitment.--As a component of the labor certification 
     process required before H-2B nonimmigrants are offered 
     employment through United States Forest Service timber or 
     service contracts in the United States, the Secretary of 
     Labor shall require all prospective H-2B employers, before 
     submitting a petition to hire H-2B nonimmigrants, to conduct 
     a robust effort to recruit United States workers, including--
       (A) advertising at employment or job-placement events, such 
     as job fairs;
       (B) advertising with State or local workforce agencies, 
     nonprofit organizations, or other appropriate entities, and 
     working with such entities to identify potential employees;
       (C) advertising in appropriate media, including local radio 
     stations and commonly used, reputable Internet job-search 
     sites;
       (D) provide potential United States workers at least 30 
     days from the date on which a job announcement is posted (or 
     such longer period as the State workforce considers 
     appropriate) to apply for such employment in person, by mail, 
     by email, or by facsimile machine;
       (E) include a valid phone number that potential United 
     States workers may call to get additional information about 
     such employment opportunity; and
       (F) such other recruitment strategies as the State 
     workforce agency considers appropriate for the sector or 
     positions for which H-2B nonimmigrants would be considered.
       (2) Separate petitions.--A prospective H-2B employer shall 
     submit a separate petition for each State in which the 
     employer plans to employ H-2B nonimmigrants as part of a 
     United States Forest Service timber or service contract for a 
     period of 7 days or longer.
       (c) State Workforce Agencies.--The Secretary of Labor may 
     not grant a temporary labor certification to a prospective H-
     2B employer seeking to employ H-2B nonimmigrants as part of a 
     United States Forest Service timber or service contract until 
     after the Director of the State workforce agency--
       (1) has provided United States workers who may be 
     interested in the position with application instructions;
       (2) has formally consulted with the workforce agency 
     director of each contiguous State listed on the prospective 
     H-2B employer's application and determined that--
       (A) the employer has complied with all recruitment 
     requirements set forth in subsection (b) and there is a 
     legitimate demand for the employment of H-2B nonimmigrants in 
     each of those States; or
       (B) the employer has amended the application by removing or 
     making appropriate modifications with respect to the States 
     in which the criteria set forth in subparagraph (A) have not 
     been met;
       (3) certifies that the prospective H-2B employer has 
     complied with all recruitment requirements set forth in 
     subsection (b) or any other applicable provision of law; and
       (4) makes a formal determination and certifies to the 
     Secretary of Labor that nationals of the United States are 
     not qualified or available to fill the employment 
     opportunities offered by the prospective H-2B employer.
       (d) Supplemental Fee.--
       (1) Establishment.--Except as provided in paragraph (3), 
     the Administrator of the Wage and Hour Division of the 
     Department of Labor shall collect a supplemental fee from 
     each prospective H-2B employer in conjunction with each 
     petition for labor certification under section 212(a)(5) of 
     the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1182(a)(5)).
       (2) Amount.--The Secretary of Labor shall determine the 
     amount of the fee collected under paragraph (1) based on the 
     estimated costs to carry out this section.
       (3) Waiver.--The fee authorized under paragraph (1) shall 
     be waived on behalf of any prospective H-2B employer that, 
     during the 3 fiscal years immediately preceding the filing of 
     a petition for labor certification, did not commit a major 
     violation of--
       (A) the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1101 et 
     seq.);
       (B) the Fair Labor Standards Act of 1938 (29 U.S.C. 201 et 
     seq.); or
       (C) the Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1970 (29 
     U.S.C. 651 et seq.).
       (4) Effective date.--The fee authorized under paragraph (1) 
     shall be collected beginning on the first day of the first 
     fiscal year beginning after the date of the enactment of this 
     Act.
                                 ______
                                 
  SA 3488. Mr. DONNELLY submitted an amendment intended to be proposed 
to amendment SA 3399 proposed by Mr. Shelby to the bill H.R. 6147, 
making appropriations for the Department of the Interior, environment, 
and related agencies for the fiscal year ending September 30, 2019, and 
for other purposes; which was ordered to lie on the table; as follows:

       At the appropriate place in title III of division C, insert 
     the following:

               rural health and safety education programs

       Any funds provided by this Act for rural health and safety 
     education programs authorized under section 502(i) of the 
     Rural Development Act of 1972 (7 U.S.C. 2662(i)) shall be 
     used under those programs to address the opioid abuse 
     epidemic and to combat opioid abuse in rural communities.
                                 ______
                                 
  SA 3489. Mr. WHITEHOUSE submitted an amendment intended to be 
proposed to amendment SA 3399 proposed by Mr. Shelby to the bill H.R. 
6147, making appropriations for the Department of the Interior, 
environment, and related agencies for the fiscal year ending September 
30, 2019, and for other purposes; which was ordered to lie on the 
table; as follows:

       On page 187, line 19, insert ``: Provided, That funds 
     appropriated under this heading shall be used to submit to 
     Congress, not later than a year after the date of enactment 
     of this Act, a report that identifies jurisdictions that have 
     a high number of civil jury trials and the practices and 
     methods those jurisdictions use to encourage jury trials, 
     including docket management techniques, discovery practices, 
     and other methods to make jury trials a cost efficient and 
     effective option in civil litigation'' before the period at 
     the end.
                                 ______
                                 
  SA 3490. Mr. UDALL submitted an amendment intended to be proposed by 
him to the bill H.R. 6147, making appropriations for the Department of 
the Interior, environment, and related agencies for the fiscal year 
ending September 30, 2019, and for other purposes; which was ordered to 
lie on the table; as follows:

       At the appropriate place, insert the following:

[[Page S5302]]

  


     SEC. ___. NATIVE AMERICAN HOUSING REAUTHORIZATIONS.

       (a) Native American Housing Assistance and Self-
     Determination Act of 1996.--Funds authorized to be 
     appropriated under sections 108, 605(b), and 824 of the 
     Native American Housing Assistance and Self-determination Act 
     of 1996 (25 U.S.C. 4117; 4195(b); 4243) shall be so 
     authorized for each of fiscal years 2019 through 2025.
       (b) Housing and Community Development Act of 1992.--Funds 
     authorized to be appropriated under paragraphs (5)(C) and (7) 
     of section 184(i) and paragraphs (5)(C) and (7) of section 
     184A(j) of the Housing and Community Development Act of 1992 
     (12 U.S.C. 1715z-13a(i); 1715z-13b(j)) shall be so authorized 
     for each of fiscal years 2019 through 2025.
                                 ______
                                 
  SA 3491. Mr. UDALL submitted an amendment intended to be proposed to 
amendment SA 3399 proposed by Mr. Shelby to the bill H.R. 6147, making 
appropriations for the Department of the Interior, environment, and 
related agencies for the fiscal year ending September 30, 2019, and for 
other purposes; which was ordered to lie on the table; as follows:

       At the appropriate place in title I of division D, insert 
     the following:
       Sec. 1__.  Section 207(n)(1) of title 23, United States 
     Code, is amended--
       (1) in subparagraph (B), by striking ``21 months after such 
     date of enactment'' and inserting ``June 4, 2019''; and
       (2) in subparagraph (C), by striking ``30 months after such 
     date of enactment'' and inserting ``on December 3, 2019''.
                                 ______
                                 
  SA 3492. Mrs. FISCHER submitted an amendment intended to be proposed 
to amendment SA 3399 proposed by Mr. Shelby to the bill H.R. 6147, 
making appropriations for the Department of the Interior, environment, 
and related agencies for the fiscal year ending September 30, 2019, and 
for other purposes; which was ordered to lie on the table; as follows:

       On page 455, between lines 18 and 19, insert the following:
       Sec. 13_.  To the maximum extent practicable, the Federal 
     Motor Carrier Safety Administration shall ensure the safe and 
     timely completion of the flexible sleeper berth pilot program 
     of the Administration.
                                 ______
                                 
  SA 3493. Mr. CORNYN submitted an amendment intended to be proposed to 
amendment SA 3399 proposed by Mr. Shelby to the bill H.R. 6147, making 
appropriations for the Department of the Interior, environment, and 
related agencies for the fiscal year ending September 30, 2019, and for 
other purposes; which was ordered to lie on the table; as follows:

       At the appropriate place in title VII of division C, insert 
     the following:
       Sec. __.  Not later than 180 days after the date of 
     enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Agriculture shall 
     submit to Congress a report describing the ways in which 
     conservation programs administered by the Natural Resources 
     Conservation Service may be better used for the conservation 
     of ocelots (Leopardus pardalis) and any action taken by the 
     Chief of the Natural Resources Conservation Service relating 
     to the conservation of ocelots.
                                 ______
                                 
  SA 3494. Mr. CORNYN submitted an amendment intended to be proposed to 
amendment SA 3399 proposed by Mr. Shelby to the bill H.R. 6147, making 
appropriations for the Department of the Interior, environment, and 
related agencies for the fiscal year ending September 30, 2019, and for 
other purposes; which was ordered to lie on the table; as follows:

       On page 10, line 18, strike the period at the end and 
     insert ``: Provided further, That, of the amounts made 
     available under this heading, not less than $1,000,000 shall 
     be used for breeding and recovery activities for ocelots 
     (Leopardus pardalis).''.
                                 ______
                                 
  SA 3495. Mr. CORNYN (for himself and Mr. Warner) submitted an 
amendment intended to be proposed to amendment SA 3399 proposed by Mr. 
Shelby to the bill H.R. 6147, making appropriations for the Department 
of the Interior, environment, and related agencies for the fiscal year 
ending September 30, 2019, and for other purposes; which was ordered to 
lie on the table; as follows:

       At the appropriate place, insert the following:

     SEC. ___. INCREASE NATIONAL LIMITATION AMOUNT FOR QUALIFIED 
                   HIGHWAY OR SURFACE FREIGHT TRANSFER FACILITY 
                   BONDS.

       (a) In General.--Section 142(m)(2)(A) of the Internal 
     Revenue Code of 1986 is amended by striking 
     ``$15,000,000,000'' and inserting ``$20,000,000,000''.
       (b) Effective Date.--The amendments made by this section 
     shall apply to bonds issued after the date of the enactment 
     of this Act.
                                 ______
                                 
  SA 3496. Mr. CORNYN (for himself, Ms. Baldwin, Mr. Cassidy, Mr. 
Peters, Mr. Roberts, and Mr. Rubio) submitted an amendment intended to 
be proposed to amendment SA 3399 proposed by Mr. Shelby to the bill 
H.R. 6147, making appropriations for the Department of the Interior, 
environment, and related agencies for the fiscal year ending September 
30, 2019, and for other purposes; which was ordered to lie on the 
table; as follows:

       At the appropriate place in title I of division D, insert 
     the following:
       Sec. __. (a) None of the funds appropriated or otherwise 
     made available to the Federal Transit Administration under 
     this title may be used in awarding a contract or subcontract 
     to an entity on or after the date of enactment of this Act 
     for the procurement of an asset within the mass transit and 
     passenger rail or freight rail subsectors included within the 
     transportation systems sector defined by President Policy 
     Directive 21 (Critical Infrastructure Security and 
     Resilience) including rolling stock, and the ensuing 
     regulations, if the entity is owned, directed, or subsidized 
     by a country that--
       (1) is identified as a nonmarket economy country (as 
     defined in section 771(18) of the Tariff Act of 1930 (19 
     U.S.C. 1677(18))) as of the date of enactment of this Act;
       (2) was identified by the United States Trade 
     Representative in the most recent report required by section 
     182 of the Trade Act of 1974 (19 U.S.C. 2242) as a priority 
     foreign country under subsection (a)(2) of that section; and
       (3) is subject to monitoring by the Trade Representative 
     under section 306 of the Trade Act of 1974 (19 U.S.C. 2416).
       (b) This section shall be applied in a manner consistent 
     with the obligations of the United States under international 
     agreements.
                                 ______
                                 
  SA 3497. Mr. JOHNSON (for himself, Mrs. Ernst, and Mr. Blunt) 
submitted an amendment intended to be proposed to amendment SA 3399 
proposed by Mr. Shelby to the bill H.R. 6147, making appropriations for 
the Department of the Interior, environment, and related agencies for 
the fiscal year ending September 30, 2019, and for other purposes; 
which was ordered to lie on the table; as follows:

       At the appropriate place, insert the following:

     SEC. _. PUBLICATION OF GUIDANCE DOCUMENTS IN THE INTERNET.

       (a) Definitions.--In this section:
       (1) Agency.--The term ``agency'' has the meaning given that 
     term in section 551 of title 5, United States Code.
       (2) Guidance document.--
       (A) Definition.--The term ``guidance document''--
       (i) means an agency statement of general applicability, 
     other than a rule promulgated under section 553 of title 5, 
     United States Code, that--

       (I) does not have the force and effect of law; and
       (II) is designated by an agency official as setting forth--

       (aa) a policy on a statutory, regulatory, or technical 
     issue; or
       (bb) an interpretation of a statutory or regulatory issue; 
     and
       (ii) may include--

       (I) a memorandum;
       (II) a notice;
       (III) a bulletin;
       (IV) a directive;
       (V) a news release;
       (VI) a letter;
       (VII) a blog post;
       (VIII) a no-action letter;
       (IX) a speech by an agency official; and
       (X) any combination of the items described in subclauses 
     (I) through (IX).

       (B) Rule of construction.--The term ``guidance document''--
       (i) shall be construed broadly to effectuate the purpose 
     and intent of this Act; and
       (ii) shall not be limited to the items described in 
     subparagraph (A)(ii).
       (b) Publication of Guidance Documents on the Internet.--
       (1) In general.--On the date on which an agency issues a 
     guidance document, the agency shall publish the guidance 
     document in accordance with the requirements under paragraph 
     (3).
       (2) Previously issued guidance documents.--Not later than 
     180 days after the date of enactment of this Act, each agency 
     shall publish, in accordance with the requirements under 
     paragraph (3), any guidance document issued by that agency 
     that is in effect on that date.
       (3) Single location.--
       (A) In general.--All guidance documents published under 
     paragraphs (1) and (2) by an agency shall be published in a 
     single location on the Internet website under section 206(d) 
     of the E-Government Act of 2002 (44 U.S.C. 3501 note) 
     (commonly known as regulations.gov).
       (B) Agency internet websites.--Each agency shall, for 
     guidance documents published by the agency under paragraphs 
     (1) and (2), publish a hyperlink on the Internet website of 
     the agency that provides access to the guidance documents at 
     the location described in subparagraph (A).
       (C) Organization.--
       (i) In general.--The guidance documents described in 
     subparagraph (A) shall be--

[[Page S5303]]

       (I) categorized as guidance documents; and
       (II) further divided into subcategories as appropriate.

       (ii) Agency internet websites.--The hyperlinks described in 
     subparagraph (B) shall be prominently displayed on the 
     Internet website of the agency.
       (4) Rescinded guidance documents.--On the date on which a 
     guidance document issued by an agency is rescinded, the 
     agency shall, at the location described in paragraph (3)(A)--
       (A) maintain the rescinded guidance document; and
       (B) indicate--
       (i) that the guidance document is rescinded; and
       (ii) the date on which the guidance document was rescinded.
       (5) Rule of construction.--Nothing in this section shall be 
     construed to compel or authorize the disclosure of 
     information that is prohibited from disclosure by law.
                                 ______
                                 
  SA 3498. Mr. JOHNSON submitted an amendment intended to be proposed 
by him to the bill H.R. 6147, making appropriations for the Department 
of the Interior, environment, and related agencies for the fiscal year 
ending September 30, 2019, and for other purposes; which was ordered to 
lie on the table; as follows:

       At the appropriate place, insert the following:

     SEC. __. REPORTING REQUIREMENT.

       (a) In General.--Section 7131 of title 5, United States 
     Code, is amended by adding at the end the following:
       ``(e)(1)(A) Not later than March 31 of each calendar year, 
     the Office of Personnel Management, in consultation with the 
     Office of Management and Budget, shall submit to each House 
     of Congress a report on the operation of this section during 
     the fiscal year last ending before the start of such calendar 
     year.
       ``(B) Not later than December 31 of each calendar year, 
     each agency (as defined by section 7103(a)(3)) shall furnish 
     to the Office of Personnel Management the information which 
     such Office requires, with respect to such agency, for 
     purposes of the report which is next due under subparagraph 
     (A).
       ``(2) Each report by the Office of Personnel Management 
     under this subsection shall include, with respect to the 
     fiscal year described in paragraph (1)(A), at least the 
     following information:
       ``(A) The total amount of official time granted to 
     employees.
       ``(B) The average amount of official time expended per 
     bargaining unit employee.
       ``(C) The specific types of activities or purposes for 
     which official time was granted, and the impact which the 
     granting of such official time for such activities or 
     purposes had on agency operations.
       ``(D) The total number of employees to whom official time 
     was granted, and, of that total, the number who were not 
     engaged in any activities or purposes except activities or 
     purposes involving the use of official time.
       ``(E) The total amount of compensation (including fringe 
     benefits) afforded to employees in connection with activities 
     or purposes for which they were granted official time.
       ``(F) The total amount of official time spent by employees 
     representing Federal employees who are not union members in 
     matters authorized by this chapter.
       ``(G) A description of any room or space designated at the 
     agency (or its subcomponent) where official time activities 
     will be conducted, including the square footage of any such 
     room or space.
       ``(3) All information included in a report by the Office of 
     Personnel Management under this subsection with respect to a 
     fiscal year--
       ``(A) shall be shown both agency-by-agency and for all 
     agencies; and
       ``(B) shall be accompanied by the corresponding information 
     (submitted by the Office in its report under this subsection) 
     for the fiscal year before the fiscal year to which such 
     report pertains, together with appropriate comparisons and 
     analyses.
       ``(4) For purposes of this subsection, the term `official 
     time' means any period of time, regardless of agency 
     nomenclature--
       ``(A) which may be granted to an employee under this 
     chapter (including a collective bargaining agreement entered 
     into under this chapter) to perform representational or 
     consultative functions; and
       ``(B) during which the employee would otherwise be in a 
     duty status.''.
       (b) Applicability.--The amendment made by subsection (a) 
     shall be effective beginning with the report which, under the 
     provisions of such amendment, is first required to be 
     submitted by the Office of Personnel Management to each House 
     of Congress by a date which occurs at least 6 months after 
     the date of the enactment of this Act.
                                 ______
                                 
  SA 3499. Mr. JOHNSON submitted an amendment intended to be proposed 
to amendment SA 3399 proposed by Mr. Shelby to the bill H.R. 6147, 
making appropriations for the Department of the Interior, environment, 
and related agencies for the fiscal year ending September 30, 2019, and 
for other purposes; which was ordered to lie on the table; as follows:

       Strike sections 604 and 608.

       On page 188, line 14, strike ``transfers:'' and all that 
     follows through line 18 and insert ``transfers.''.

       On page 238, line 9, strike ``transfers:'' and all that 
     follows through line 13 and insert ``transfers.''.
                                 ______
                                 
  SA 3500. Mr. JOHNSON submitted an amendment intended to be proposed 
by him to the bill H.R. 6147, making appropriations for the Department 
of the Interior, environment, and related agencies for the fiscal year 
ending September 30, 2019, and for other purposes; which was ordered to 
lie on the table; as follows:

       At the appropriate place, insert the following:
       Sec. __. (a) No funds made available under this Act may be 
     used for taxpayer funded union time under section 7131 of 
     title 5 of the United States Code, unless--
       (1) the time is authorized for an employee to represent an 
     exclusive representative in the negotiation of a collective 
     bargaining agreement under section 7131(a) of title 5, United 
     States Code;
       (2) the time is authorized for an employee to conduct 
     activities described in section 4(a)(v)(2) of Executive Order 
     13837 (83 Fed. Reg. 25335; relating to ensuring transparency, 
     accountability, and efficiency in taxpayer-funded union time 
     use)); or
       (3) the Director of the Office of Management and Budget has 
     submitted to Congress, with respect to fiscal year 2018, a 
     report that includes, both agency-by-agency and for all 
     agencies, the following:
       (A) The total amount of taxpayer funded union time granted 
     to employees.
       (B) The average amount of taxpayer funded union time 
     expended per bargaining unit employee.
       (C) The specific types of activities or purposes for which 
     taxpayer funded union time was granted, and the impact which 
     the granting of such taxpayer funded union time for such 
     activities or purposes had on agency operations.
       (D) The total number of employees to whom taxpayer funded 
     union time was granted, and, of that total, the number who 
     were not engaged in any activities or purposes except 
     activities or purposes involving the use of taxpayer funded 
     union time.
       (E) The total amount of compensation (including fringe 
     benefits) afforded to employees in connection with activities 
     or purposes for which they were granted taxpayer funded union 
     time.
       (F) The total amount of taxpayer funded union time spent by 
     employees representing Federal employees who are not union 
     members in matters authorized by chapter 71 of title 5, 
     United States Code.
       (G) A description of any room or space designated at the 
     agency (or its subcomponent) where taxpayer funded union time 
     activities are conducted, including the square footage of any 
     such room or space.
       (b) In this section, the term ``taxpayer funded union 
     time'' means any period of time, regardless of agency 
     nomenclature--
       (1) which may be granted to an employee under chapter 71 of 
     title 5, United States Code, to perform representational or 
     consultative functions; and
       (2) during which the employee would otherwise be in a duty 
     status.
                                 ______
                                 
  SA 3501. Mr. RUBIO (for himself, Mr. Nelson, Mr. Kennedy, Mr. Cotton, 
Mr. Inhofe, Mr. Casey, Mrs. Ernst, and Mr. Heller) submitted an 
amendment intended to be proposed by him to the bill H.R. 6147, making 
appropriations for the Department of the Interior, environment, and 
related agencies for the fiscal year ending September 30, 2019, and for 
other purposes; which was ordered to lie on the table; as follows:

       At the appropriate place, insert the following:
       Sec. __.  None of the funds appropriated or otherwise made 
     available by this Act or any other Act with respect to any 
     fiscal year may be used to implement, administer, or enforce 
     the final rule with the regulation identifier number 0910-
     AG38 published by the Food and Drug Administration in the 
     Federal Register on May 10, 2016 (81 Fed. Reg. 28974) with 
     respect to traditional large and premium cigars. For the 
     purposes of this section, the term ``traditional large and 
     premium cigar'' means--
       (1) any roll of tobacco that is wrapped in 100 percent leaf 
     tobacco, is bunched with 100 percent tobacco filler, contains 
     no filter, tip, or non-tobacco mouthpiece, weighs at least 6 
     pounds per 1,000 count; and
       (A) has a 100 percent leaf tobacco binder and is hand 
     rolled;
       (B) has a 100 percent leaf tobacco binder and is made using 
     human hands to lay the leaf tobacco wrapper or binder onto 
     only one machine that bunches, wraps, and caps each 
     individual cigar; or
       (C) has a homogenized tobacco leaf binder and is made in 
     the United States using human hands to lay each 100 percent 
     leaf tobacco wrapper individually onto a single machine that 
     bunches, wraps, and caps each individual cigar on such single 
     machine and makes no more than 15 cigars per minute; and
       (2) is not a cigarette or a little cigar (as such terms are 
     defined in paragraphs (3) and

[[Page S5304]]

     (11), respectively, of section 900 of the Federal Food, Drug, 
     and Cosmetic Act (21 U.S.C. 387)).
                                 ______
                                 
  SA 3502. Mr. HOEVEN (for himself, Mr. Bennet, Mrs. Ernst, Mr. Rounds, 
Ms. Smith, and Mr. Nelson) submitted an amendment intended to be 
proposed by him to the bill H.R. 6147, making appropriations for the 
Department of the Interior, environment, and related agencies for the 
fiscal year ending September 30, 2019, and for other purposes; which 
was ordered to lie on the table; as follows:

       At the appropriate place in title I of division D, insert 
     the following:

     SEC. ___. WORKING GROUP ON IMPROVING THE LIVESTOCK, INSECT, 
                   AND AGRICULTURAL COMMODITIES TRANSPORT 
                   INDUSTRIES.

       (a) Definitions.--In this section:
       (1) Agricultural commodity.--The term ``agricultural 
     commodity'' means--
       (A) an agricultural commodity as defined in section 518 of 
     the Federal Crop Insurance Act (7 U.S.C. 1518); and
       (B) an agricultural commodity as defined in section 395.2 
     of title 49, Code of Federal Regulations (or successor 
     regulations).
       (2) Livestock.--The term ``livestock'' has the meaning 
     given the term in section 602 of the Emergency Livestock Feed 
     Assistance Act of 1988 (7 U.S.C. 1471).
       (3) Secretary.--The term ``Secretary'' means the Secretary 
     of Transportation.
       (4) Working group.--The term ``working group'' means the 
     working group established by the Secretary under subsection 
     (b).
       (b) Establishment.--Not later than 120 days after the date 
     of enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall establish a 
     working group--
       (1) to identify obstacles to safe, humane, and market-
     efficient transport of livestock, insects, and agricultural 
     commodities; and
       (2) to develop guidelines and recommended regulatory or 
     legislative actions to improve the safe, humane, and 
     efficient transport of livestock, insects, and agricultural 
     commodities.
       (c) Outreach.--In carrying out the duties of the working 
     group under subsection (b), the working group shall consult 
     with--
       (1) interested Governors;
       (2) representatives of State and local agricultural and 
     highway safety agencies;
       (3) other representatives of relevant State and local 
     agencies;
       (4) members of the public with experience in--
       (A) the livestock, insect, and agricultural commodities 
     industries;
       (B) the livestock trucking industry; or
       (C) transportation safety; and
       (5) any other groups or stakeholders that the working group 
     determines to be appropriate.
       (d) Considerations.--In carrying out the duties of the 
     working group under subsection (b), the working group shall--
       (1) consider the impact of the existing hours of service 
     regulations under subpart A of part 395 of title 49, Code of 
     Federal Regulations (or successor regulations), on the 
     commercial transport of livestock, insects, and agricultural 
     commodities;
       (2) identify incompatibilities and other challenges and 
     concerns caused by the hours of service regulations described 
     in paragraph (1) and electronic logging device regulations 
     under subpart B of part 395 of title 49, Code of Federal 
     Regulations (or successor regulations), on the transport of 
     livestock, insects, and agricultural commodities;
       (3) identify initiatives and regulatory changes that 
     maintain and protect the safety of highways and allow for the 
     safe, efficient, and productive marketplace transport of 
     livestock, insects, and agricultural commodities; and
       (4) consider such other issues as the Secretary considers 
     appropriate.
       (e) Composition.--
       (1) In general.--The Secretary (or a designee) shall serve 
     as the chair of the working group.
       (2) Membership.--
       (A) In general.--The working group shall be composed of 
     members appointed by the Secretary, including individuals 
     with knowledge and expertise that includes highway safety, 
     the commercial motor vehicle and transportation industries, 
     animal husbandry, and the transportation of livestock, 
     insects, and agricultural commodities.
       (B) Requirement.--The working group shall include, at a 
     minimum, representatives of--
       (i) the Department of Agriculture;
       (ii) State agencies, including State departments of 
     agriculture and transportation;
       (iii) highway and commercial motor vehicle safety 
     organizations;
       (iv) agricultural producers including producers of 
     livestock, insects, and agricultural commodities; and
       (v) commercial motor vehicle operators, including small 
     business operators and operators who haul livestock, insects, 
     and agricultural commodities.
       (f) Working Group Report and Regulatory Action.--
       (1) Report.--Not later than 1 year after the date on which 
     the working group is established, the working group shall 
     submit to the Secretary a report that includes--
       (A) the findings of the working group, including a summary 
     of the views expressed by individuals and entities consulted 
     under subsection (c); and
       (B) the initiatives and regulatory and legislative changes 
     that the working group identifies as necessary to protect the 
     safety of highways and allow for the safe, efficient, and 
     productive marketplace transport of livestock, insects, and 
     agricultural commodities.
       (2) Regulatory changes.--Not later than 120 days after the 
     date on which the Secretary receives the report under 
     paragraph (1), the Secretary shall propose regulatory changes 
     that take into account the findings and recommendations of 
     the working group, including--
       (A) changes to the hours of service regulations under 
     subpart A of part 395 of title 49, Code of Federal 
     Regulations (or successor regulations);
       (B) changes to the electronic logging device regulations 
     under subpart B of part 395 of title 49, Code of Federal 
     Regulations (or successor regulations), including changes to 
     regulations relating to the performance and design of 
     electronic logging devices; and
       (C) any other changes that the working group recommends.
       (3) Application.--Subsections (a) through (f) of section 
     31137 of title 49, United States Code (including any 
     regulations promulgated to carry out those subsections), 
     shall not apply to commercial motor vehicles hauling 
     livestock, insects, or agricultural commodities until the 
     date on which the Secretary proposes regulatory changes under 
     paragraph (2).
       (g) Report and Recommendations by Secretary.--Not later 
     than 30 days after the date on which the Secretary receives 
     the report of the working group under subsection (f)(1), the 
     Secretary shall submit to the appropriate committees of 
     Congress a report, including--
       (1) a summary of the views expressed by the individuals and 
     entities consulted under subsection (c);
       (2) a description of the findings of the working group, 
     including the identification of any areas of general 
     consensus among the non-Federal participants in the 
     consultation under subsection (c); and
       (3) any recommendations for legislative or regulatory 
     action that would assist in maintaining and improving the 
     safe, humane, and market-efficient transport of livestock, 
     insects, and agricultural commodities.
                                 ______
                                 
  SA 3503. Mr. WYDEN (for himself, Mrs. Gillibrand, Mrs. Murray, Mr. 
Booker, Mr. Markey, Ms. Warren, and Mr. Merkley) submitted an amendment 
intended to be proposed to amendment SA 3399 proposed by Mr. Shelby to 
the bill H.R. 6147, making appropriations for the Department of the 
Interior, environment, and related agencies for the fiscal year ending 
September 30, 2019, and for other purposes; which was ordered to lie on 
the table; as follows:

       At the appropriate place, insert the following:

           TITLE __--PROTECTING AMERICAN VOTES AND ELECTIONS

     SEC. __1. SHORT TITLE.

       This title may be cited as the ``Protecting American Votes 
     and Elections Act of 2018''.

     SEC. __2. FINDINGS.

       Congress makes the following findings:
       (1) Access to the ballot, free and fair elections, and a 
     trustworthy election process are at the core of American 
     Democracy. Just as the Founding Fathers signed their names to 
     paper supporting their views for a government by and for the 
     people, access to the paper ballot is the best way to ensure 
     elections stay by and for the American people. Using paper 
     provides an easily auditable, tamper proof, and simple way 
     for citizens to access their ballot. It is for these reasons 
     and more that using paper ballots to ensure resilient and 
     fair elections should be the priority of this Nation.
       (2) Risk-limiting audits will help to protect our elections 
     from cyberattacks, by ensuring that if the electoral outcome 
     is incorrect, for instance because someone tampered with the 
     electronic counts or reporting, the audit has a large, known 
     probability of correcting the outcome by requiring a full 
     hand count. Paper ballots are vital to the audit process 
     since, other than through manual inspection of a sample of 
     paper ballots, there is currently no reliable way to 
     determine whether an election was hacked or the outcome was 
     miscalculated.
       (3) Risk-limiting audits are a cost effective way of 
     auditing election results. They generally require inspecting 
     only a small percentage of the ballots cast in an election, 
     and proceed to a full hand count only when sampling does not 
     provide strong evidence that the reported outcome is correct. 
     This will ensure that Americans have confidence in their 
     election results, without the cost of a full recount of every 
     ballot in the country.

     SEC. __3. PAPER BALLOT AND MANUAL COUNTING REQUIREMENTS.

       (a) In General.--Section 301(a)(2) of the Help America Vote 
     Act of 2002 (52 U.S.C. 21081(a)(2)) is amended to read as 
     follows:
       ``(2) Paper ballot requirement.--
       ``(A) Voter-verified paper ballots.--
       ``(i) Paper ballot requirement.--(I) The voting system 
     shall require the use of an individual, durable, voter-
     verified, paper ballot of the voter's vote that shall be 
     marked and made available for inspection and

[[Page S5305]]

     verification by the voter before the voter's vote is cast and 
     counted, and which shall be counted by hand or read by an 
     optical character recognition device or other counting 
     device. For purposes of this subclause, the term `individual, 
     durable, voter-verified, paper ballot' means a paper ballot 
     marked by the voter by hand or a paper ballot marked through 
     the use of a nontabulating ballot marking device or system, 
     so long as the voter shall have the option to mark his or her 
     ballot by hand.
       ``(II) Except as required to meet the accessibility 
     requirements under paragraph (3), the printed or marked vote 
     selections on any ballot marked through the use of a ballot 
     marking device or system that are used for vote counting or 
     auditing shall allow inspection and verification by the voter 
     under subclause (I) without the aid of any machine or other 
     equipment.
       ``(III) The voting system shall provide the voter with an 
     opportunity to correct any error on the paper ballot before 
     the permanent voter-verified paper ballot is preserved in 
     accordance with clause (ii).
       ``(IV) The voting system shall not preserve the voter-
     verified paper ballots in any manner that makes it possible, 
     at any time after the ballot has been cast, to associate a 
     voter with the record of the voter's vote without the voter's 
     consent.
       ``(ii) Preservation as official record.--The individual, 
     durable, voter-verified, paper ballot used in accordance with 
     clause (i) shall constitute the official ballot and shall be 
     preserved and used as the official ballot for purposes of any 
     recount or audit conducted with respect to any election for 
     Federal office in which the voting system is used.
       ``(iii) Manual counting requirements for recounts and 
     audits.--(I) Each paper ballot used pursuant to clause (i) 
     shall be suitable for a manual audit, and shall be counted by 
     hand in any recount or audit conducted with respect to any 
     election for Federal office.
       ``(II) In the event of any inconsistencies or 
     irregularities between any electronic vote tallies and the 
     vote tallies determined by counting by hand the individual, 
     durable, voter-verified, paper ballots used pursuant to 
     clause (i), and subject to subparagraph (B), the individual, 
     durable, voter-verified, paper ballots shall be the true and 
     correct record of the votes cast.
       ``(iv) Application to all ballots.--The requirements of 
     this subparagraph shall apply to all ballots cast in 
     elections for Federal office, including ballots cast by 
     absent uniformed services voters and overseas voters under 
     the Uniformed and Overseas Citizens Absentee Voting Act and 
     other absentee voters.
       ``(B) Special rule for treatment of disputes when paper 
     ballots have been shown to be compromised.--
       ``(i) In general.--In the event that--

       ``(I) there is any inconsistency between any electronic 
     vote tallies and the vote tallies determined by counting by 
     hand the individual, durable, voter-verified, paper ballots 
     used pursuant to subparagraph (A)(i) with respect to any 
     election for Federal office; and
       ``(II) it is demonstrated by clear and convincing evidence 
     (as determined in accordance with the applicable standards in 
     the jurisdiction involved) in any recount, audit, or contest 
     of the result of the election that the paper ballots have 
     been compromised (by damage or mischief or otherwise) and 
     that a sufficient number of the ballots have been so 
     compromised that the result of the election could be changed,

     the determination of the appropriate remedy with respect to 
     the election shall be made in accordance with applicable 
     State law, except that the electronic tally shall not be used 
     as the exclusive basis for determining the official certified 
     result.
       ``(ii) Rule for consideration of ballots associated with 
     each voting machine.--For purposes of clause (i), only the 
     paper ballots deemed compromised, if any, shall be considered 
     in the calculation of whether or not the result of the 
     election could be changed due to the compromised paper 
     ballots.''.
       (b) Conforming Amendment Clarifying Applicability of 
     Alternative Language Accessibility.--Section 301(a)(4) of 
     such Act (52 U.S.C. 21081(a)(4)) is amended by inserting 
     ``(including the paper ballots required to be used under 
     paragraph (2))'' after ``voting system''.
       (c) Other Conforming Amendments.--Section 301(a)(1) of such 
     Act (52 U.S.C. 21081(a)(1)) is amended--
       (1) in subparagraph (A)(i), by striking ``counted'' and 
     inserting ``counted, in accordance with paragraphs (2) and 
     (3)'';
       (2) in subparagraph (A)(ii), by striking ``counted'' and 
     inserting ``counted, in accordance with paragraphs (2) and 
     (3)'';
       (3) in subparagraph (A)(iii), by striking ``counted'' each 
     place it appears and inserting ``counted, in accordance with 
     paragraphs (2) and (3)''; and
       (4) in subparagraph (B)(ii), by striking ``counted'' and 
     inserting ``counted, in accordance with paragraphs (2) and 
     (3)''.
       (d) Effective Date.--Notwithstanding section 301(d) of the 
     Help America Vote Act of 2002 (52 U.S.C. 21081(d)), each 
     State and jurisdiction shall be required to comply with the 
     amendments made by this section for the regularly scheduled 
     election for Federal office in November 2020, and for each 
     subsequent election for Federal office.

     SEC. __4. ACCESSIBILITY AND BALLOT VERIFICATION FOR 
                   INDIVIDUALS WITH DISABILITIES.

       (a) In General.--Section 301(a)(3)(B) of the Help America 
     Vote Act of 2002 (52 U.S.C. 21081(a)(3)(B)) is amended to 
     read as follows:
       ``(B)(i) satisfy the requirement of subparagraph (A) 
     through the use of at least 1 voting system equipped for 
     individuals with disabilities, including nonvisual and 
     enhanced visual accessibility for the blind and visually 
     impaired, and nonmanual and enhanced manual accessibility for 
     the mobility and dexterity impaired, at each polling place; 
     and
       ``(ii) meet the requirements of subparagraph (A) and 
     paragraph (2)(A) by using a system that allows the voter to 
     privately and independently verify the permanent paper ballot 
     through the presentation, in accessible form, of the printed 
     or marked vote selections from the same printed or marked 
     information that would be used for any vote counting or 
     auditing; and''.
       (b) Specific Requirement of Study, Testing, and Development 
     of Accessible Paper Ballot Verification Mechanisms.--
       (1) Study and reporting.--Subtitle C of title II of such 
     Act (52 U.S.C. 21081 et seq.) is amended by inserting after 
     section 246 the following new section:

     ``SEC. 246A. STUDY AND REPORT ON ACCESSIBLE PAPER BALLOT 
                   VERIFICATION MECHANISMS.

       ``(a) Study and Report.--The Director of the National 
     Science Foundation shall make grants to not fewer than 3 
     eligible entities to study, test, and develop accessible 
     paper ballot voting, verification, and casting mechanisms and 
     devices and best practices to enhance the accessibility of 
     paper ballot voting and verification mechanisms for 
     individuals with disabilities, for voters whose primary 
     language is not English, and for voters with difficulties in 
     literacy, including best practices for the mechanisms 
     themselves and the processes through which the mechanisms are 
     used.
       ``(b) Eligibility.--An entity is eligible to receive a 
     grant under this part if it submits to the Director (at such 
     time and in such form as the Director may require) an 
     application containing--
       ``(1) certifications that the entity shall specifically 
     investigate enhanced methods or devices, including non-
     electronic devices, that will assist such individuals and 
     voters in marking voter-verified paper ballots and presenting 
     or transmitting the information printed or marked on such 
     ballots back to such individuals and voters, and casting such 
     ballots;
       ``(2) a certification that the entity shall complete the 
     activities carried out with the grant not later than December 
     31, 2020; and
       ``(3) such other information and certifications as the 
     Director may require.
       ``(c) Availability of Technology.--Any technology developed 
     with the grants made under this section shall be treated as 
     non-proprietary and shall be made available to the public, 
     including to manufacturers of voting systems.
       ``(d) Coordination With Grants for Technology 
     Improvements.--The Director shall carry out this section so 
     that the activities carried out with the grants made under 
     subsection (a) are coordinated with the research conducted 
     under the grant program carried out by the Commission under 
     section 271, to the extent that the Director and Commission 
     determine necessary to provide for the advancement of 
     accessible voting technology.
       ``(e) Authorization of Appropriations.--There is authorized 
     to be appropriated to carry out subsection (a) $10,000,000, 
     to remain available until expended.''.
       (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of contents of such Act 
     is amended by inserting after the item relating to section 
     246 the following new item:

``Sec. 246A. Study and report on accessible paper ballot verification 
              mechanisms.''.

     SEC. __5. RISK-LIMITING AUDITS.

       (a) In General.--Title III of the Help America Vote Act of 
     2002 (52 U.S.C. 21081 et seq.) is amended by inserting after 
     section 303 the following new section:

     ``SEC. 303A. RISK-LIMITING AUDITS.

       ``(a) Definitions.--In this section:
       ``(1) Risk-limiting audit.--
       ``(A) In general.--The term `risk-limiting audit' means a 
     post-election process such that, if the reported outcome of 
     the contest is incorrect, there is at least a 95 percent 
     chance that the audit will replace the incorrect outcome with 
     the correct outcome as determined by a full, hand-to-eye 
     tabulation of all votes validly cast in that election contest 
     that ascertains voter intent manually and directly from 
     voter-verifiable paper records.
       ``(B) Reported outcome.--The term `reported outcome' means 
     the outcome of an election contest which is determined 
     according to the canvass and which will become the official, 
     certified outcome unless it is revised by an audit, recount, 
     or other legal process.
       ``(C) Incorrect outcome.--The term `incorrect outcome' 
     means an outcome that differs from the outcome that would be 
     determined by a full tabulation of all votes validly cast in 
     that election contest, determining voter intent manually, 
     directly from voter-verifiable paper records.
       ``(D) Outcome.--The term `outcome' means the winner or set 
     of winners of an election contest, which might be candidates 
     or positions.
       ``(2) Ballot manifest.--The term `ballot manifest' means a 
     record maintained by each county that--
       ``(A) is created without reliance on any part of the voting 
     system used to tabulate votes;

[[Page S5306]]

       ``(B) functions as a sampling frame for conducting a risk-
     limiting audit; and
       ``(C) contains the following information about ballots cast 
     and counted:
       ``(i) The total number of ballots cast and counted in the 
     election (including undervotes, overvotes, and other invalid 
     votes).
       ``(ii) The total number of ballots cast in each contest in 
     the election (including undervotes, overvotes, and other 
     invalid votes).
       ``(iii) A precise description of the manner in which the 
     ballots are physically stored, including the total number of 
     physical groups of ballots, the numbering system for each 
     group, a unique label for each group, and the number of 
     ballots in each such group.
       ``(b) Requirement.--
       ``(1) In general.--
       ``(A) Audits.--Each State and jurisdiction shall administer 
     risk-limiting audits of the results of all elections for 
     Federal office held in the State in accordance with the 
     requirements of paragraph (2).
       ``(B) Full manual tally.--If a risk-limiting audit 
     conducted under subparagraph (A) leads to a full manual tally 
     of an election contest, the State or jurisdiction shall use 
     the results of the full manual tally as the official results 
     of the election contest.
       ``(2) Audit requirements.--
       ``(A) Rules and procedures.--
       ``(i) In general.--Risk-limiting audits shall be conducted 
     in accordance with the rules and procedures established by 
     the chief State election official of the State not later than 
     1 year after the date of the enactment of this section.
       ``(ii) Matters included.--The rules and procedures 
     established under clause (i) may include the following:

       ``(I) Rules for ensuring the security of ballots and 
     documenting that prescribed procedures were followed.
       ``(II) Rules and procedures for ensuring the accuracy of 
     ballot manifests produced by jurisdictions.
       ``(III) Rules and procedures for governing the format of 
     ballot manifests, cast vote records, and other data involved 
     in risk-limiting audits.
       ``(IV) Methods to ensure that any cast vote records used in 
     a risk-limiting audit are those used by the voting system to 
     tally the election results sent to the Secretary of State and 
     made public.
       ``(V) Procedures for the random selection of ballots to be 
     inspected manually during each audit.
       ``(VI) Rules for the calculations and other methods to be 
     used in the audit and to determine whether and when the audit 
     of each contest is complete.
       ``(VII) Procedures and requirements for testing any 
     software used to conduct risk-limiting audits.

       ``(B) Timing.--The risk-limiting audit shall be completed 
     not later than the date that the result of the election is 
     certified by the State.
       ``(C) Public report.--After the completion of the risk-
     limiting audit, the State shall publish a report on the 
     results of the audit, together with such information as 
     necessary to confirm that the audit was conducted properly.
       ``(c) Effective Date.--Each State and jurisdiction shall be 
     required to comply with the requirements of this section for 
     the regularly scheduled election for Federal office in 
     November 2020, and for each subsequent election for Federal 
     office.''.
       (b) Conforming Amendments Related to Enforcement.--Section 
     401 of such Act (52 U.S.C. 21111) is amended by striking 
     ``and 303'' and inserting ``303, and 303A''.
       (c) Clerical Amendment.--The table of contents for such Act 
     is amended by inserting after the item relating to section 
     303 the following new item:

``Sec. 303A. Risk-limiting audits.''.
                                 ______
                                 
  SA 3504. Mr. PETERS (for himself, Mr. Sullivan, and Ms. Stabenow) 
submitted an amendment intended to be proposed to amendment SA 3399 
proposed by Mr. Shelby to the bill H.R. 6147, making appropriations for 
the Department of the Interior, environment, and related agencies for 
the fiscal year ending September 30, 2019, and for other purposes; 
which was ordered to lie on the table; as follows:

       At the appropriate place, insert the following:
       Sec. __.  Not later than 2 years after the date of 
     enactment of this Act, the Administrator of the Federal 
     Aviation Administration, using the latest version of National 
     Fire Protection Association 403, ``Standard for Aircraft 
     Rescue and Fire-Fighting Services at Airports'', and in 
     coordination with the Administrator of the Environmental 
     Protection Agency, aircraft manufacturers and airports, shall 
     not require the use of fluorinated chemicals to meet the 
     performance standards referenced in chapter 6 of AC No: 150/
     5210-6D and acceptable under 139.319(l) of title 14, Code of 
     Federal Regulations.
                                 ______
                                 
  SA 3505. Ms. WARREN submitted an amendment intended to be proposed to 
amendment SA 3399 proposed by Mr. Shelby to the bill H.R. 6147, making 
appropriations for the Department of the Interior, environment, and 
related agencies for the fiscal year ending September 30, 2019, and for 
other purposes; which was ordered to lie on the table; as follows:

       On page 148, line 25, strike ``$17,500,000'' and insert 
     ``$28,800,000''.
                                 ______
                                 
  SA 3506. Ms. BALDWIN submitted an amendment intended to be proposed 
to amendment SA 3399 proposed by Mr. Shelby to the bill H.R. 6147, 
making appropriations for the Department of the Interior, environment, 
and related agencies for the fiscal year ending September 30, 2019, and 
for other purposes; which was ordered to lie on the table; as follows:

       At the appropriate place in division D, insert the 
     following:
       Sec. __. (a)(1) None of the funds appropriated or otherwise 
     made available by this Act or any other Act for the National 
     Security Multi-Mission Vessel Program may be used on or after 
     the date of the enactment of this Act to enter into a 
     contract related to the acquisition, construction, or 
     conversion of a vessel unless--
       (A) the vessel is to be constructed or converted in the 
     United States; and
       (B) the steel, iron, aluminum, and manufactured products to 
     be used in the construction or conversion of the vessel are 
     produced in the United States.
       (2) The head of the agency responsible for a contract 
     described under paragraph (1) may waive the restriction under 
     such paragraph on a case-by-case basis by certifying in 
     writing to the Committees on Appropriations of the Senate and 
     the House of Representatives that adequate domestic supplies 
     are not available on a timely and cost-competitive basis.
       (b)(1) None of the funds appropriated or otherwise made 
     available by this Act or any other Act for the National 
     Security Multi-Mission Vessel Program may be used to procure 
     any of the following components for vessels unless the items 
     are manufactured in the United States:
       (A) Circuit breakers.
       (B) Welded shipboard anchor and mooring chain with a 
     diameter of four inches or less.
       (C) Power conversion equipment.
       (D) Electric generators and alternators.
       (E) Auxiliary equipment, including pumps, for all shipboard 
     services.
       (F) Propulsion system components (engines, reduction gears, 
     and propellers).
       (G) Shipboard cranes.
       (H) Spreaders for shipboard cranes.
       (I) Capstans.
       (J) Winches.
       (K) Hoists.
       (L) Outboard motors.
       (M) Windlasses.
       (N) To the extent they are unique to marine applications, 
     gyrocompasses, electronic navigation chart systems, steering 
     controls, pumps, propulsion and machinery control systems, 
     and totally enclosed lifeboats.
       (O) Powered and non-powered valves in Federal Supply 
     Classes 4810 and 4820.
       (P) Machine tools in the Federal Supply Classes for metal-
     working machinery numbered 3405, 3408, 3410 through 3419, 
     3426, 3433, 3438, 3441 through 3443, 3445, 3446, 3448, 3449, 
     3460, and 3461.
       (2) The head of the agency responsible for a procurement 
     described in paragraph (1)may waive the restrictions under 
     such paragraph on a case-by-case basis by certifying in 
     writing to the Committees on Appropriations of the Senate and 
     the House of Representatives that adequate domestic supplies 
     are not available on a timely and cost-competitive basis.
       (3) The restrictions under paragraph (1) shall not apply to 
     contracts in effect as of the date of the enactment of this 
     Act or to a procurement of spare or repair parts needed to 
     support components for vessels produced or manufactured 
     outside of the United States.
                                 ______
                                 
  SA 3507. Ms. DUCKWORTH submitted an amendment intended to be proposed 
to amendment SA 3399 proposed by Mr. Shelby to the bill H.R. 6147, 
making appropriations for the Department of the Interior, environment, 
and related agencies for the fiscal year ending September 30, 2019, and 
for other purposes; which was ordered to lie on the table; as follows:

       On page 223, line 21, strike ``$44,490,000'' and insert 
     ``49,490,000''.
                                 ______
                                 
  SA 3508. Ms. DUCKWORTH submitted an amendment intended to be proposed 
to amendment SA 3399 proposed by Mr. Shelby to the bill H.R. 6147, 
making appropriations for the Department of the Interior, environment, 
and related agencies for the fiscal year ending September 30, 2019, and 
for other purposes; which was ordered to lie on the table; as follows:

       At the appropriate place in division A, insert the 
     following:
       Sec. ___. (a) Not later than 30 days after the date on 
     which the Administrator of the Environmental Protection 
     Agency makes an appointment under section 11(b) of the Safe 
     Drinking Water Act Amendments of 1977 (42 U.S.C. 300j-10), 
     the Administrator shall provide notification of the 
     appointment to--
       (1) the Committee on Appropriations of the Senate;

[[Page S5307]]

       (2) the Committee on Appropriations of the House of 
     Representatives;
       (3) the Committee on Environment and Public Works of the 
     Senate;
       (4) the Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental 
     Affairs of the Senate;
       (5) the Committee on Energy and Commerce of the House of 
     Representatives; and
       (6) the Committee on Oversight and Government Reform of the 
     House of Representatives.
       (b) The notification under subsection (a) shall include the 
     following information about the appointment:
       (1) The name of the appointee.
       (2) The title of the appointee.
       (3) The salary of the appointee.
       (4) A detailed justification explaining why the 
     Administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency deemed 
     the appointment necessary to appropriately discharge the 
     functions of the Administrator under the Safe Drinking Water 
     Act (42 U.S.C. 300f et seq.) and other provisions of law.
                                 ______
                                 
  SA 3509. Mr. DURBIN (for himself, Ms. Warren, Mr. Whitehouse, Mrs. 
Gillibrand, and Mr. Blumenthal) submitted an amendment intended to be 
proposed to amendment SA 3399 proposed by Mr. Shelby to the bill H.R. 
6147, making appropriations for the Department of the Interior, 
environment, and related agencies for the fiscal year ending September 
30, 2019, and for other purposes; which was ordered to lie on the 
table; as follows:

       At the appropriate place, insert the following:
       Sec. ___. (a) Undue Hardship.--No funds made available in 
     this or any other appropriations Act may be used, including 
     by any contractor of the Federal Government, to contest a 
     claim that is made--
       (1) in any proceeding under section 523(a)(8) of title 11, 
     United States Code, that excepting a debt from discharge 
     would constitute an undue hardship; ; and
       (2) by a debtor who--
       (A) is receiving benefits under title II of the Social 
     Security Act (42 U.S.C. 401 et seq.) or title XVI of that Act 
     (42 U.S.C. 1381 et seq.) on the basis of disability;
       (B) has been determined by the Secretary of Veterans 
     Affairs to be unemployable due to a service-connected 
     disability;
       (C) is a family caregiver of an eligible veteran pursuant 
     to section 1720G of title 38;
       (D) is a member of a household that has a gross income that 
     is less than 200 percent of the poverty line, and provides 
     for the care and support of an elderly, disabled, or 
     chronically ill member of the household of the debtor or 
     member of the immediate family of the debtor;
       (E) is a member of a household that has a gross income that 
     is less than 200 percent of the poverty line, and the income 
     of the debtor is solely derived from benefit payments under 
     section 202 of the Social Security Act (42 U.S.C. 402); or
       (F) during the 5-year period preceding the filing of the 
     petition (exclusive of any applicable suspension of the 
     repayment period), was not enrolled in an education program 
     and had a gross income that was less than 200 percent of the 
     poverty line during each year during that period.
       (b) Definition.--In this section, the term ``poverty line'' 
     means the poverty line (as defined by the Office of 
     Management and Budget and revised annually in accordance with 
     section 673(2) of the Community Services Block Grant Act (42 
     U.S.C. 9902(2)) applicable to a household of the size 
     involved.
       (c) 85/15 Rule.--Notwithstanding any other provision of 
     law, for fiscal years 2019 through 2028, no funds made 
     available in this or any other appropriations Act shall be 
     provided, directly or indirectly, to any proprietary 
     institution of higher education (as defined in section 102(b) 
     of the Higher Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 1002(b))) that 
     derives less than 15 percent of the institution's revenue 
     from sources other than Federal financial assistance provided 
     under this or any other appropriations Act or any other 
     Federal law, through a grant, contract, subsidy, loan, 
     guarantee, insurance, or other means, including Federal 
     financial assistance that is disbursed or delivered to an 
     institution or on behalf of a student or to a student to be 
     used to attend the institution, except that such assistance 
     shall not include any monthly housing stipend provided under 
     the Post-9/11 Educational Assistance Program under chapter 33 
     of title 38, United States Code.
                                 ______
                                 
  SA 3510. Mr. DURBIN (for himself and Mr. Grassley) submitted an 
amendment intended to be proposed by him to the bill H.R. 6147, making 
appropriations for the Department of the Interior, environment, and 
related agencies for the fiscal year ending September 30, 2019, and for 
other purposes; which was ordered to lie on the table; as follows:

       At the appropriate place in title VII of division C, insert 
     the following:
       Sec. __.  The authority of the Secretary of Health and 
     Human Services to regulate direct-to-consumer advertising of 
     prescription drugs, pursuant to the authorities under 
     sections 502(n) and 503C of the Federal Food, Drug, and 
     Cosmetic Act (21 U.S.C. 352(n), 353c), shall include the 
     authority to require such advertising to include an 
     appropriate disclosure of pricing information with respect to 
     such drugs.
                                 ______
                                 
  SA 3511. Mr. BROWN (for himself, Mr. Inhofe, and Mr. Whitehouse) 
submitted an amendment intended to be proposed to amendment SA 3399 
proposed by Mr. Shelby to the bill H.R. 6147, making appropriations for 
the Department of the Interior, environment, and related agencies for 
the fiscal year ending September 30, 2019, and for other purposes; 
which was ordered to lie on the table; as follows:

       At the appropriate place in title I of division D, insert 
     the following:
       Sec. 1__. (a) Not later than 180 days after the date of 
     enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Transportation 
     (referred to in this section as the ``Secretary'') shall 
     submit to Congress a report on the need for repair or 
     replacement of bridges on public roads (including Tribal 
     roads) that--
       (1) have been rated as ``poor'' in the National Bridge 
     Inventory pursuant to section 144 of title 23, United States 
     Code;
       (2) have features that do not meet applicable engineering 
     standards for the present use of the bridges, if the entity 
     with responsibility for repair or replacement of the 
     applicable bridge, in responding to the Secretary under 
     subsection (b), states that the bridge is prioritized for 
     repair or replacement; or
       (3) have structural elements the failure of which would 
     cause the bridge or a portion of the bridge to collapse, if 
     the entity with responsibility for repair or replacement of 
     the applicable bridge, in responding to the Secretary under 
     subsection (b), states that the bridge is prioritized for 
     repair or replacement.
       (b) In preparing the report under subsection (a), the 
     Secretary shall solicit from State departments of 
     transportation and other entities with responsibility for the 
     repair or replacement of bridges described in subsection (a) 
     information on the readiness of those projects to commence 
     construction and the cost of the project if Federal grant 
     assistance was available to pay not less than 50 percent of 
     the project costs eligible for assistance under title 23, 
     United States Code, not including the proceeds from credit 
     assistance under the TIFIA program (as defined in section 
     601(a) of that title).
       (c) In preparing the report under subsection (a), a bridge 
     shall be included only if the entity with responsibility for 
     repair or replacement of the applicable bridge--
       (1) responds to the solicitation made by the Secretary 
     under subsection (b);
       (2) identifies each bridge project or category of smaller 
     bridge projects, consistent with subsection (d), that the 
     entity requests to include in the report; and
       (3) provides to the Secretary information necessary to 
     complete the report, as described by the Secretary in the 
     solicitation under subsection (b).
       (d) In the report under subsection (a), the Secretary 
     shall--
       (1) identify--
       (A) each bridge project with total eligible project costs 
     greater than $10,000,000; and
       (B) categories of smaller bridge projects identified by 
     responsible entities for other bridge projects;
       (2) collect from entities with responsibility for repair or 
     replacement of an applicable bridge--
       (A) the timing and budget for each bridge project or 
     category of smaller bridge projects as reported in the 
     applicable transportation plans under sections 134 or 135 of 
     title 23, United States Code; or
       (B) an explanation from those entities as to why such 
     projects or categories of smaller bridge projects are not 
     included in those applicable transportation plans; and
       (3) distinguish between urban and rural bridge projects and 
     categories of smaller bridge projects identified by 
     responsible entities.
                                 ______
                                 
  SA 3512. Mrs. GILLIBRAND (for herself and Mr. Cassidy) submitted an 
amendment intended to be proposed to amendment SA 3399 proposed by Mr. 
Shelby to the bill H.R. 6147, making appropriations for the Department 
of the Interior, environment, and related agencies for the fiscal year 
ending September 30, 2019, and for other purposes; which was ordered to 
lie on the table; as follows:

       On page 17, line 4, strike ``$88,910,000'' and insert 
     ``$96,910,000''.
       On page 40, line 7, strike ``$134,673,000'' and insert 
     ``$126,673,000''.
                                 ______
                                 
  SA 3513. Mrs. FEINSTEIN submitted an amendment intended to be 
proposed to amendment SA 3399 proposed by Mr. Shelby to the bill H.R. 
6147, making appropriations for the Department of the Interior, 
environment, and related agencies for the fiscal year ending September 
30, 2019, and for other purposes; which was ordered to lie on the 
table; as follows:

       On page 437, line 22, strike ``133(b)(1)(A)'' and insert 
     ``133(b)''.
       On page 438, line 12, strike ``133(b)(1)(A)'' and insert 
     ``133(b)''.
       On page 438, line 18, strike ``133(b)(1)(A)'' and insert 
     ``133(b)''.
       On page 438, line 25, strike ``133(b)(1)(A)'' and insert 
     ``133(b)''.

[[Page S5308]]

  

                                 ______
                                 
  SA 3514. Mrs. FEINSTEIN submitted an amendment intended to be 
proposed to amendment SA 3399 proposed by Mr. Shelby to the bill H.R. 
6147, making appropriations for the Department of the Interior, 
environment, and related agencies for the fiscal year ending September 
30, 2019, and for other purposes; which was ordered to lie on the 
table; as follows:

       On page 414, line 24, strike the period and insert the 
     following: ``: Provided further, That in distributing funds 
     made available under this heading, the Secretary shall ensure 
     that each State receives not less than $2 per capita, except 
     in a case in which such a distribution would require the 
     provision of funds to a project without an acceptable 
     technical rating.''.
                                 ______
                                 
  SA 3515. Mrs. FEINSTEIN submitted an amendment intended to be 
proposed to amendment SA 3399 proposed by Mr. Shelby to the bill H.R. 
6147, making appropriations for the Department of the Interior, 
environment, and related agencies for the fiscal year ending September 
30, 2019, and for other purposes; which was ordered to lie on the 
table; as follows:

       On page 414, line 24, strike the period and insert the 
     following: ``: Provided further, That not less than 30 days 
     before making grants with funds made available under this 
     heading, the Secretary shall make publicly available a list 
     of the merit-based technical ratings of the Department of 
     Transportation for each application for a grant under this 
     heading.''.
                                 ______
                                 
  SA 3516. Mr. GARDNER (for himself and Mr. Bennet) submitted an 
amendment intended to be proposed by him to the bill H.R. 6147, making 
appropriations for the Department of the Interior, environment, and 
related agencies for the fiscal year ending September 30, 2019, and for 
other purposes; which was ordered to lie on the table; as follows:

       At the appropriate place, insert the following:

     SEC. ____. PROHIBITION.

       (a) Amendment.--Chapter 2 of title 18, United States Code, 
     is amended by adding at the end the following:

     ``Sec. 40A. Operation of unauthorized unmanned aircraft over 
       wildfires

       ``(a) In General.--Except as provided in subsection (b), an 
     individual who operates an unmanned aircraft and in so doing 
     knowingly or recklessly interferes with a wildfire 
     suppression, or law enforcement or emergency response efforts 
     related to a wildfire suppression, shall be fined under this 
     title, imprisoned for not less than 1 year, or both.
       ``(b) Exceptions.--This section does not apply to the 
     operation of an unmanned aircraft conducted by a unit or 
     agency of the United States Government or of a State, tribal, 
     or local government (including any individual conducting such 
     operation pursuant to a contract or other agreement entered 
     into with the unit or agency) for the purpose of protecting 
     the public safety and welfare, including firefighting, law 
     enforcement, or emergency response.
       ``(c) Definitions.--In this section, the following 
     definitions shall apply:
       ``(1) Unmanned aircraft.--The term `unmanned aircraft' has 
     the meaning given the term in section 331 of the FAA 
     Modernization and Reform Act of 2012 (49 U.S.C. 40101 note).
       ``(2) Wildfire.--The term `wildfire' has the meaning given 
     that term in section 2 of the Emergency Wildfire Suppression 
     Act (42 U.S.C. 1856m).
       ``(3) Wildfire suppression.--The term `wildfire 
     suppression' means an effort to contain, extinguish, or 
     suppress a wildfire.''.
       (b) Table of Sections Amendment.--The table of sections for 
     chapter 2 of title 18, United States Code, is amended by 
     inserting after the item relating to section 40 the 
     following:

``40A. Operation of unauthorized unmanned aircraft over wildfires.''.
                                 ______
                                 
  SA 3517. Mr. HELLER (for himself and Mrs. Feinstein) submitted an 
amendment intended to be proposed to amendment SA 3399 proposed by Mr. 
Shelby to the bill H.R. 6147, making appropriations for the Department 
of the Interior, environment, and related agencies for the fiscal year 
ending September 30, 2019, and for other purposes; which was ordered to 
lie on the table; as follows:

       On page 5, line 5, strike the period and insert the 
     following: ``: Provided, That of the amounts made available 
     under this heading, $2,000,000 shall be made available to 
     carry out the Colorado River Basin salinity control 
     program.''.
                                 ______
                                 
  SA 3518. Mr. TOOMEY submitted an amendment intended to be proposed to 
amendment SA 3399 proposed by Mr. Shelby to the bill H.R. 6147, making 
appropriations for the Department of the Interior, environment, and 
related agencies for the fiscal year ending September 30, 2019, and for 
other purposes; which was ordered to lie on the table; as follows:

       At the appropriate place in division D, insert the 
     following:

     SEC. __. STOP DANGEROUS SANCTUARY CITIES ACT.

       (a) Short Title.--This section may be cited as the ``Stop 
     Dangerous Sanctuary Cities Act''.
       (b) Ensuring That Local and Federal Law Enforcement 
     Officers May Cooperate to Safeguard Our Communities.--
       (1) Authority to cooperate with federal officials.--A 
     State, a political subdivision of a State, or an officer, 
     employee, or agent of such State or political subdivision 
     that complies with a detainer issued by the Department of 
     Homeland Security under section 236 or 287 of the Immigration 
     and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1226 and 1357)--
       (A) shall be deemed to be acting as an agent of the 
     Department of Homeland Security; and
       (B) with regard to actions taken to comply with the 
     detainer, shall have all authority available to officers and 
     employees of the Department of Homeland Security.
       (2) Legal proceedings.--In any legal proceeding brought 
     against a State, a political subdivision of a State, or an 
     officer, employee, or agent of such State or political 
     subdivision, which challenges the legality of the seizure or 
     detention of an individual pursuant to a detainer issued by 
     the Department of Homeland Security under section 236 or 287 
     of the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1226 and 
     1357)--
       (A) no liability shall lie against the State or political 
     subdivision of a State for actions taken in compliance with 
     the detainer; and
       (B) if the actions of the officer, employee, or agent of 
     the State or political subdivision were taken in compliance 
     with the detainer--
       (i) the officer, employee, or agent shall be deemed--

       (I) to be an employee of the Federal Government and an 
     investigative or law enforcement officer; and
       (II) to have been acting within the scope of his or her 
     employment under section 1346(b) and chapter 171 of title 28, 
     United States Code;

       (ii) section 1346(b) of title 28, United States Code, shall 
     provide the exclusive remedy for the plaintiff; and
       (iii) the United States shall be substituted as defendant 
     in the proceeding.
       (3) Rule of construction.--Nothing in this subsection may 
     be construed to provide immunity to any person who knowingly 
     violates the civil or constitutional rights of an individual.
       (c) Sanctuary Jurisdiction Defined.--
       (1) In general.--Except as provided under paragraph (2), 
     for purposes of this section the term ``sanctuary 
     jurisdiction'' means any State or political subdivision of a 
     State that has in effect a statute, ordinance, policy, or 
     practice that prohibits or restricts any government entity or 
     official from--
       (A) sending, receiving, maintaining, or exchanging with any 
     Federal, State, or local government entity information 
     regarding the citizenship or immigration status (lawful or 
     unlawful) of any individual; or
       (B) complying with a request lawfully made by the 
     Department of Homeland Security under section 236 or 287 of 
     the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1226 and 1357) 
     to comply with a detainer for, or notify about the release 
     of, an individual.
       (2) Exception.--A State or political subdivision of a State 
     shall not be deemed a sanctuary jurisdiction based solely on 
     its having a policy whereby its officials will not share 
     information regarding, or comply with a request made by the 
     Department of Homeland Security under section 236 or 287 of 
     the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1226 and 1357) 
     to comply with a detainer regarding, an individual who comes 
     forward as a victim or a witness to a criminal offense.
       (d) Sanctuary Jurisdictions Ineligible for Certain Federal 
     Funds.--
       (1) Economic development administration grants.--
       (A) Grants for public works and economic development.--
     Section 201(b) of the Public Works and Economic Development 
     Act of 1965 (42 U.S.C. 3141(b)) is amended--
       (i) in paragraph (2), by striking ``and'' at the end;
       (ii) in paragraph (3)(B), by striking the period at the end 
     and inserting ``; and''; and
       (iii) by adding at the end the following:
       ``(4) the area in which the project is to be carried out is 
     not a sanctuary jurisdiction (as defined in subsection (c) of 
     the Stop Dangerous Sanctuary Cities Act).''.
       (B) Grants for planning and administration.--Section 203(a) 
     of the Public Works and Economic Development Act of 1965 (42 
     U.S.C. 3143(a)) is amended by adding at the end the 
     following: ``A sanctuary jurisdiction (as defined in 
     subsection (c) of the Stop Dangerous Sanctuary Cities Act) 
     may not be deemed an eligible recipient under this 
     subsection.''.
       (C) Supplementary grants.--Section 205(a) of the Public 
     Works and Economic Development Act of 1965 (42 U.S.C. 
     3145(a)) is amended--
       (i) in paragraph (2), by striking ``and'' at the end;
       (ii) in paragraph (3)(B), by striking the period at the end 
     and inserting ``; and''; and
       (iii) by adding at the end the following:
       ``(4) will be carried out in an area that does not contain 
     a sanctuary jurisdiction (as defined in subsection (c) of the 
     Stop Dangerous Sanctuary Cities Act).''.

[[Page S5309]]

       (D) Grants for training, research, and technical 
     assistance.--Section 207 of the Public Works and Economic 
     Development Act of 1965 (42 U.S.C. 3147) is amended by adding 
     at the end the following:
       ``(c) Ineligibility of Sanctuary Jurisdictions.--Grants 
     funds under this section may not be used to provide 
     assistance to a sanctuary jurisdiction (as defined in 
     subsection (c) of the Stop Dangerous Sanctuary Cities 
     Act).''.
       (2) Community development block grants.--Title I of the 
     Housing and Community Development Act of 1974 (42 U.S.C. 5301 
     et seq.) is amended--
       (A) in section 102(a) (42 U.S.C. 5302(a)), by adding at the 
     end the following:
       ``(25) The term `sanctuary jurisdiction' has the meaning 
     provided in subsection (c) of the Stop Dangerous Sanctuary 
     Cities Act.''.
       (B) in section 104 (42 U.S.C. 5304)--
       (i) in subsection (b)--

       (I) in paragraph (5), by striking ``and'' at the end;
       (II) by redesignating paragraph (6) as paragraph (7); and
       (III) by inserting after paragraph (5) the following:

       ``(6) the grantee is not a sanctuary jurisdiction and will 
     not become a sanctuary jurisdiction during the period for 
     which the grantee receives a grant under this title; and''.
       (ii) by adding at the end the following:
       ``(n) Protection of Individuals Against Crime.--
       ``(1) In general.--No funds authorized to be appropriated 
     to carry out this title may be obligated or expended for any 
     State or unit of general local government that is a sanctuary 
     jurisdiction.
       ``(2) Returned amounts.--
       ``(A) State.--If a State is a sanctuary jurisdiction during 
     the period for which it receives amounts under this title, 
     the Secretary--
       ``(i) shall direct the State to immediately return to the 
     Secretary any such amounts that the State received for that 
     period; and
       ``(ii) shall reallocate amounts returned under clause (i) 
     for grants under this title to other States that are not 
     sanctuary jurisdictions.
       ``(B) Unit of general local government.--If a unit of 
     general local government is a sanctuary jurisdiction during 
     the period for which it receives amounts under this title, 
     any such amounts that the unit of general local government 
     received for that period--
       ``(i) in the case of a unit of general local government 
     that is not in a nonentitlement area, shall be returned to 
     the Secretary for grants under this title to States and other 
     units of general local government that are not sanctuary 
     jurisdictions; and
       ``(ii) in the case of a unit of general local government 
     that is in a nonentitlement area, shall be returned to the 
     Governor of the State for grants under this title to other 
     units of general local government in the State that are not 
     sanctuary jurisdictions.
       ``(C) Reallocation rules.--In reallocating amounts under 
     subparagraphs (A) and (B), the Secretary shall--
       ``(i) apply the relevant allocation formula under 
     subsection (b), with all sanctuary jurisdictions excluded; 
     and
       ``(ii) shall not be subject to the rules for reallocation 
     under subsection (c).''.
       (3) Effective date.--This subsection and the amendments 
     made by this subsection shall take effect on October 1, 2018.
                                 ______
                                 
  SA 3519. Mr. LEE submitted an amendment intended to be proposed by 
him to the bill H.R. 6147, making appropriations for the Department of 
the Interior, environment, and related agencies for the fiscal year 
ending September 30, 2019, and for other purposes; which was ordered to 
lie on the table; as follows:

       At the appropriate place, insert the following:
       Sec. 1__.  None of the funds made available by this Act 
     shall be used to administer, apply, or enforce requirements 
     under subchapter IV of chapter 31 of part A of subtitle II of 
     title 40, United States Code, or section 113 of title 23, 
     United States Code, with respect to a project eligible under 
     title 23, United States Code.
                                 ______
                                 
  SA 3520. Mr. LEE submitted an amendment intended to be proposed by 
him to the bill H.R. 6147, making appropriations for the Department of 
the Interior, environment, and related agencies for the fiscal year 
ending September 30, 2019, and for other purposes; which was ordered to 
lie on the table; as follows:
       At the appropriate place, insert the following:
       Sec. __.  None of the funds made available by this Act may 
     be used to carry out the final rule of the Department of 
     Housing and Urban Development entitled ``Affirmatively 
     Furthering Fair Housing'' (80 Fed. Reg. 42272 (July 16, 
     2015)) or to carry out the notice of the Department of 
     Housing and Urban Development entitled ``Affirmatively 
     Furthering Fair Housing Assessment Tool'' (79 Fed. Reg. 57949 
     (September 26, 2014)).
                                 ______
                                 
  SA 3521. Mr. LEE submitted an amendment intended to be proposed to 
amendment SA 3399 proposed by Mr. Shelby to the bill H.R. 6147, making 
appropriations for the Department of the Interior, environment, and 
related agencies for the fiscal year ending September 30, 2019, and for 
other purposes; which was ordered to lie on the table; as follows:

       At the appropriate place in Division A, insert the 
     following:


  increase in funding for national park service deferred maintenance 
                                projects

       Sec. 433. Notwithstanding any other provision of this 
     division--
       (1) the amount provided by the matter under the heading 
     ``land acquisition'' under the heading ``Bureau of Land 
     Management'' under the heading ``DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR'' 
     in title I to be derived from the Land and Water Conservation 
     Fund for Federal land acquisition shall be $3,392,000;
       (2) the amount provided by the matter under the heading 
     ``land acquisition'' under the heading ``United States Fish 
     and Wildlife Service'' under the heading ``DEPARTMENT OF THE 
     INTERIOR'' in title I to be derived from the Land and Water 
     Conservation Fund for Federal land acquisition shall be 
     $11,953,000;
       (3) the amount provided by the matter under the heading 
     ``operation of the national park system'' under the heading 
     ``National Park Service'' under the heading ``DEPARTMENT OF 
     THE INTERIOR'' in title I shall be increased by $156,609,000, 
     to be made available for deferred maintenance projects of the 
     National Park Service;
       (4) the amount provided by the matter under the heading 
     ``land acquisition and state assistance'' under the heading 
     ``National Park Service'' under the heading ``DEPARTMENT OF 
     THE INTERIOR'' in title I to be derived from the Land and 
     Water Conservation Fund for Federal land acquisition shall be 
     $8,788,000; and
       (5) the amount provided by the matter under the heading 
     ``land acquisition (including rescission of funds)'' under 
     the heading ``Forest Service'' under the heading ``DEPARTMENT 
     OF AGRICULTURE'' under the heading ``RELATED AGENCIES'' in 
     title III to be derived from the Land and Water Conservation 
     Fund for Federal land acquisition shall be $0.
                                 ______
                                 
  SA 3522. Mr. LEE (for himself and Mr. Booker) submitted an amendment 
intended to be proposed by him to the bill H.R. 6147, making 
appropriations for the Department of the Interior, environment, and 
related agencies for the fiscal year ending September 30, 2019, and for 
other purposes; which was ordered to lie on the table; as follows:

       At the appropriate place, insert the following:
       Sec. __.  None of the funds appropriated by this Act to the 
     Food and Drug Administration shall be used to enforce 
     standards of identity with respect to a food that would be 
     considered adulterated or misbranded for the sole reason that 
     the labeling of such food contains a common or usual name of 
     another food, provided that the name of such other food on 
     the label is preceded by a prominently displayed qualifying 
     prefix, word, or phrase that identifies--
       (1) an alternative plant or animal source that replaces 
     some or all of the main characterizing ingredient or 
     component of such other food; or
       (2) the absence of a primary characterizing plant or animal 
     source, or of a nutrient, allergen, or other well-known 
     component, that is ordinarily present in such other food.
                                 ______
                                 
  SA 3523. Mr. LEE submitted an amendment intended to be proposed by 
him to the bill H.R. 6147, making appropriations for the Department of 
the Interior, environment, and related agencies for the fiscal year 
ending September 30, 2019, and for other purposes; which was ordered to 
lie on the table; as follows:

       At the appropriate place, insert the following:
       Sec. ___.  The final rule issued by the Administrator of 
     the Environmental Protection Agency and the Secretary of the 
     Army entitled ``Clean Water Rule: Definition of `Waters of 
     the United States' '' (80 Fed. Reg. 37054 (June 29, 2015)) is 
     repealed, and, until such time as the Administrator and the 
     Secretary issue a final rule after the date of enactment of 
     this Act that defines the scope of waters protected under the 
     Federal Water Pollution Control Act (33 U.S.C. 1251 et seq.) 
     and such new rule is in effect, any regulation or policy 
     revised under, or otherwise affected as a result of, the rule 
     repealed by this section shall be applied as if that repealed 
     rule had not been issued.
                                 ______
                                 
  SA 3524. Ms. BALDWIN submitted an amendment intended to be proposed 
to amendment SA 3399 proposed by Mr. Shelby to the bill H.R. 6147, 
making appropriations for the Department of the Interior, environment, 
and related agencies for the fiscal year ending September 30, 2019, and 
for other purposes; which was ordered to lie on the table; as follows:

       On page 324, line 13, strike the colon and insert ``; and 
     of which $7,000,000 shall be available for marketing 
     activities authorized

[[Page S5310]]

     under section 204(b) of the Agricultural Marketing Act of 
     1946 (7 U.S.C. 1623(b)) to provide to State departments of 
     agriculture, State cooperative extension services, 
     institutions of higher education, and nonprofit organizations 
     grants to carry out programs and provide technical assistance 
     to promote innovation, process improvement, and marketing 
     relating to dairy products:''.
                                 ______
                                 
  SA 3525. Mr. MURPHY (for himself and Mr. Blumenthal) submitted an 
amendment intended to be proposed to amendment SA 3399 proposed by Mr. 
Shelby to the bill H.R. 6147, making appropriations for the Department 
of the Interior, environment, and related agencies for the fiscal year 
ending September 30, 2019, and for other purposes; which was ordered to 
lie on the table; as follows:

       On page 411, line 19, strike ``$1,000,000,000'' and insert 
     ``$500,000,000''.
       On page 460, line 14, strike ``$300,000,000'' and insert 
     ``$550,000,000''.
       On page 463, line 10, strike ``$650,000,000'' and insert 
     ``$900,000,000''.
                                 ______
                                 
  SA 3526. Mr. BLUMENTHAL submitted an amendment intended to be 
proposed to amendment SA 3399 proposed by Mr. Shelby to the bill H.R. 
6147, making appropriations for the Department of the Interior, 
environment, and related agencies for the fiscal year ending September 
30, 2019, and for other purposes; which was ordered to lie on the 
table; as follows:

       At the appropriate place in title IV of division D, insert 
     the following:
       Sec. 4__.  The National Railroad Passenger Corporation 
     shall grant a discount of not less than 15 percent on 
     passenger fares to members of the public benefit corporation 
     Veterans Advantage.
                                 ______
                                 
  SA 3527. Mr. BLUMENTHAL (for himself, Mr. Murphy, Mr. Coons, and Mr. 
Booker) submitted an amendment intended to be proposed to amendment SA 
3399 proposed by Mr. Shelby to the bill H.R. 6147, making 
appropriations for the Department of the Interior, environment, and 
related agencies for the fiscal year ending September 30, 2019, and for 
other purposes; which was ordered to lie on the table; as follows:

       On page 462, line 13, strike ``Act.'' and insert ``Act: 
     Provided further, That of the amounts made available under 
     this heading, not less than $150,000,000 shall be for 
     projects for the implementation of positive train control: 
     Provided further, That in making grants using the amounts set 
     aside under the previous proviso, the Secretary shall give 
     priority to projects relating to commuter rail operations.''.
                                 ______
                                 
  SA 3528. Mr. MENENDEZ submitted an amendment intended to be proposed 
to amendment SA 3399 proposed by Mr. Shelby to the bill H.R. 6147, 
making appropriations for the Department of the Interior, environment, 
and related agencies for the fiscal year ending September 30, 2019, and 
for other purposes; which was ordered to lie on the table; as follows:

       At the appropriate place, insert the following:


 treatment of certain unpopulated census tracts under new markets tax 
                                 credit

       Sec. ___.  (a) In General.--Section 45D(e)(4)(A) of the 
     Internal Revenue Code of 1986 is amended--
       (1) by striking ``is within'' and inserting ``is--
       ``(i) within'',
       (2) by striking ``and'' at the end and inserting ``or'', 
     and
       (3) by adding at the end the following new clause:
       ``(ii) a census tract with a population of zero, and''.
       (b) Effective Date.--The amendments made by this section 
     shall apply to investments made after the date of the 
     enactment of this Act.
                                 ______
                                 
  SA 3529. Mr. MENENDEZ submitted an amendment intended to be proposed 
by him to the bill H.R. 6147, making appropriations for the Department 
of the Interior, environment, and related agencies for the fiscal year 
ending September 30, 2019, and for other purposes; which was ordered to 
lie on the table; as follows:

       In title I of division D, insert the following after 
     section 119F:
       Sec. 119G.  Of the funds provided under the heading 
     ``Grants-in-aid for Airports'', up to $1,500,000 shall be for 
     necessary expenses, including an independent verification 
     regime, to provide reimbursement to airport sponsors that do 
     not provide gateway operations and providers of general 
     aviation ground support services located at airports within 
     the 30-mile temporary flight restriction (TFR) area for any 
     residence of the President that is designated or identified 
     to be secured by the United States Secret Service, and for 
     direct and incremental financial losses incurred while such 
     operators or service providers are subject to operating 
     restrictions solely due to the actions of the Federal 
     Government:  Provided, That no funds shall be obligated or 
     distributed to airport sponsors that do not provide gateway 
     operations and providers of general aviation ground support 
     services until an independent audit is completed:  Provided 
     further, That losses incurred as a result of violations of 
     law, or through fault or negligence, of such operators and 
     service providers or of third parties (including airports) 
     are not eligible for reimbursements:  Provided further, That 
     obligation and expenditure of funds are conditional upon full 
     release of the United States Government for all claims for 
     financial losses resulting from such actions:  Provided 
     further, That the Secretary shall give priority to funding 
     applicants with the most significant, documented financial 
     losses due to these temporary flight restrictions:  Provided 
     further, That no funds shall be obligated or distributed 
     under this section to such operators or service providers 
     that received reimbursement under section 119F.
                                 ______
                                 
  SA 3530. Mr. MENENDEZ submitted an amendment intended to be proposed 
to amendment SA 3399 proposed by Mr. Shelby to the bill H.R. 6147, 
making appropriations for the Department of the Interior, environment, 
and related agencies for the fiscal year ending September 30, 2019, and 
for other purposes; which was ordered to lie on the table; as follows:

       On page 16, line 10, strike ``$2,500,369,000'' and insert 
     ``$2,501,312,000''.
       On page 16, line 18, strike the period and insert the 
     following: ``: Provided further, That of the amounts made 
     available under this heading, $3,051,000 shall be made 
     available for the Partnership Wild and Scenic River 
     Program.''.
       On page 24, line 1, strike ``$179,266,000'' and insert 
     ``$178,323,000''.
       On page 24, line 19, strike the period and insert the 
     following: ``: Provided further, That of the amounts made 
     available under this heading, $60,856,000 shall be made 
     available for conventional energy activities.''.
                                 ______
                                 
  SA 3531. Mr. MENENDEZ submitted an amendment intended to be proposed 
to amendment SA 3399 proposed by Mr. Shelby to the bill H.R. 6147, 
making appropriations for the Department of the Interior, environment, 
and related agencies for the fiscal year ending September 30, 2019, and 
for other purposes; which was ordered to lie on the table; as follows:

       On page 16, line 10, strike ``$2,500,369,000'' and insert 
     ``$2,501,312,000''.
       On page 16, line 18, strike the period and insert the 
     following: ``: Provided further, That of the amounts made 
     available under this heading, $3,051,000 shall be made 
     available for the Partnership Wild and Scenic River 
     Program.''.
       On page 40, line 7, strike ``$134,673,000'' and insert 
     ``$133,730,000''.
                                 ______
                                 
  SA 3532. Mr. MENENDEZ (for himself, Mr. Merkley, Mr. Tester, Mr. Van 
Hollen, Ms. Warren, and Mr. Brown) submitted an amendment intended to 
be proposed to amendment SA 3399 proposed by Mr. Shelby to the bill 
H.R. 6147, making appropriations for the Department of the Interior, 
environment, and related agencies for the fiscal year ending September 
30, 2019, and for other purposes; which was ordered to lie on the 
table; as follows:

       On page 253, strike lines 20 through 25.
                                 ______
                                 
  SA 3533. Mr. MENENDEZ submitted an amendment intended to be proposed 
to amendment SA 3399 proposed by Mr. Shelby to the bill H.R. 6147, 
making appropriations for the Department of the Interior, environment, 
and related agencies for the fiscal year ending September 30, 2019, and 
for other purposes; which was ordered to lie on the table; as follows:

       On page 142, between lines 16 and 17, insert the following:


   prohibition of oil and gas leasing in certain areas of the outer 
                           continental shelf

       Sec. 433. Section 8 of the Outer Continental Shelf Lands 
     Act (43 U.S.C. 1337) is amended by adding at the end the 
     following:
       ``(q) Prohibition of Oil and Gas Leasing in Certain Areas 
     of the Outer Continental Shelf.--Notwithstanding any other 
     provision of this section or any other law, the Secretary of 
     the Interior shall not issue a lease or any other 
     authorization for the exploration, development, or production 
     of oil, natural gas, or any other mineral in--
       ``(1) the Mid-Atlantic planning area;
       ``(2) the South Atlantic planning area;
       ``(3) the North Atlantic planning area; or
       ``(4) the Straits of Florida planning area.''.
                                 ______
                                 
  SA 3534. Mr. MENENDEZ submitted an amendment intended to be proposed 
by him to the bill H.R. 6147, making appropriations for the Department 
of the Interior, environment, and related

[[Page S5311]]

agencies for the fiscal year ending September 30, 2019, and for other 
purposes; which was ordered to lie on the table; as follows:

       At the appropriate place, insert the following:
       Sec. __.  Section 414(b) of the McKinney-Vento Homeless 
     Assistance Act (42 U.S.C. 11373(b)) is amended to read as 
     follows:
       ``(b) Minimum Allocation Requirement.--
       ``(1) In general.--If, under the allocation provisions 
     applicable under this subtitle, a metropolitan city or an 
     urban county would receive a grant of less than .05 percent 
     of the amounts appropriated under section 408 and made 
     available to carry out this subtitle for any fiscal year, 
     such amount shall be--
       ``(A) in the case of the metropolitan city--
       ``(i) reallocated to the urban county in which the 
     metropolitan city is located, if the urban county--

       ``(I) has previously received and administered assistance 
     under this section; and
       ``(II) agrees to receive such amount; or

       ``(ii) if the urban county in which the metropolitan city 
     is located does not meet the requirements under subclauses 
     (I) and (II) of clause (i), reallocated to the State in which 
     the metropolitan city is located; and
       ``(B) in the case of the urban county--
       ``(i) provided to the urban county, if the urban county has 
     previously received and administered assistance under this 
     section; or
       ``(ii) if the urban county has not previously received and 
     administered assistance under this section, reallocated to 
     the State in which the urban county is located.
       ``(2) Exceptions.--
       ``(A) Metropolitan cities.--Notwithstanding paragraph 
     (1)(A), the grant amount described in paragraph (1) with 
     respect to a metropolitan city shall be provided to the 
     metropolitan city if the metropolitan city--
       ``(i) is located in a State that does not have counties as 
     local governments;
       ``(ii) has a population greater than 40,000 but less than 
     50,000 as used in determining the fiscal year 1987 community 
     development block grant program allocation; and
       ``(iii) was allocated in excess of $1,000,000 in community 
     development block grant funds in fiscal year 1987.
       ``(B) Reallocation to the state.--
       ``(i) In general.--Notwithstanding paragraph (1), any 
     amount allocated to an urban county or metropolitan city 
     under this subtitle shall be reallocated to the State in 
     which the urban county or metropolitan city is located if the 
     amount determined under clause (ii) for a fiscal year is less 
     than .05 percent of the amounts appropriated under section 
     408 and made available to carry out this subtitle for that 
     fiscal year.
       ``(ii) Amount.--The amount determined under this clause is 
     equal to the sum of--

       ``(I) the grant that each metropolitan city located within 
     an urban county would receive under the allocation provisions 
     applicable under this subtitle, in the aggregate; and
       ``(II) the grant that the urban county would receive under 
     the allocation provisions applicable under this subtitle.

       ``(3) Amounts reallocated to urban counties.--An urban 
     county that receives amounts reallocated under paragraph 
     (1)(A)(i) may expend those amounts for the benefit of 
     metropolitan cities located in the urban county.''.
                                 ______
                                 
  SA 3535. Mr. MENENDEZ submitted an amendment intended to be proposed 
to amendment SA 3399 proposed by Mr. Shelby to the bill H.R. 6147, 
making appropriations for the Department of the Interior, environment, 
and related agencies for the fiscal year ending September 30, 2019, and 
for other purposes; which was ordered to lie on the table; as follows:

       On page 413, line 19, insert ``Provided further, That not 
     less than 50 percent of the funds provided under this heading 
     shall be for projects located in urban areas:'' after 
     ``percent:''.
                                 ______
                                 
  SA 3536. Ms. CORTEZ MASTO (for herself and Mr. Toomey) submitted an 
amendment intended to be proposed to amendment SA 3399 proposed by Mr. 
Shelby to the bill H.R. 6147, making appropriations for the Department 
of the Interior, environment, and related agencies for the fiscal year 
ending September 30, 2019, and for other purposes; which was ordered to 
lie on the table; as follows:

       At the appropriate place in division B, insert the 
     following:

     SEC. __. FIGHTING ILLICIT NETWORKS AND DETECTING TRAFFICKING.

       (a) Short Title.--This section may be cited as the ``Fight 
     Illicit Networks and Detect Trafficking Act'' or the ``FIND 
     Trafficking Act''.
       (b) GAO Study.--
       (1) Study required.--The Comptroller General of the United 
     States shall conduct a study on how virtual currencies and 
     online marketplaces are used to facilitate sex and drug 
     trafficking that considers--
       (A) how online marketplaces, including the dark web, are 
     being used as platforms to buy, sell, or facilitate the 
     financing of goods or services associated with sex 
     trafficking or drug trafficking (specifically, opioids and 
     synthetic opioids, including fentanyl, fentanyl analogs, and 
     any precursor chemicals associated with manufacturing 
     fentanyl or fentanyl analogs) destined for, originating from, 
     or within the United States;
       (B) how financial payment methods, including virtual 
     currencies and peer-to-peer mobile payment services, are 
     being utilized by online marketplaces to facilitate the 
     buying, selling, or financing of goods and services 
     associated with sex or drug trafficking destined for, 
     originating from, or within the United States;
       (C) how virtual currencies are being used to facilitate the 
     buying, selling, or financing of goods and services 
     associated with sex or drug trafficking, destined for, 
     originating from, or within the United States, when an online 
     platform is not otherwise involved;
       (D) how illicit funds that have been transmitted online and 
     through virtual currencies are repatriated into the formal 
     banking system of the United States through money laundering 
     or other means;
       (E) the participants (state and nonstate actors) throughout 
     the entire supply chain that participate in or benefit from 
     the buying, selling, or financing of goods and services 
     associated with sex or drug trafficking (either through 
     online marketplaces or virtual currencies) destined for, 
     originating from, or within the United States;
       (F) Federal and State agency efforts to impede the buying, 
     selling, or financing of goods and services associated with 
     sex or drug trafficking destined for, originating from, or 
     within the United States, including efforts to prevent the 
     proceeds from sex or drug trafficking from entering the 
     United States banking system;
       (G) how virtual currencies and their underlying 
     technologies can be used to detect and deter these illicit 
     activities; and
       (H) to what extent can the immutable and traceable nature 
     of virtual currencies contribute to the tracking and 
     prosecution of illicit funding.
       (2) Scope.--In paragraph (1), the term ``sex trafficking'' 
     means the recruitment, harboring, transportation, provision, 
     obtaining, patronizing, or soliciting of a person for the 
     purpose of a commercial sex act that is induced by force, 
     fraud, or coercion, or in which the person induced to perform 
     such act has not attained 18 years of age.
       (c) Report to Congress.--Not later than 1 year after the 
     date of the enactment of this Act, the Comptroller General of 
     the United States shall submit a report to the Committee on 
     Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs of the Senate and the 
     Committee on Financial Services of the House of 
     Representatives that--
       (1) summarizes the results of the study required under 
     subsection (b); and
       (2) contains any recommendations for legislative or 
     regulatory action that would improve the efforts of Federal 
     agencies to impede the use of virtual currencies and online 
     marketplaces in facilitating sex and drug trafficking.
                                 ______
                                 
  SA 3537. Mr. WARNER (for himself, Mr. Hoeven, and Ms. Cortez Masto) 
submitted an amendment intended to be proposed by him to the bill H.R. 
6147, making appropriations for the Department of the Interior, 
environment, and related agencies for the fiscal year ending September 
30, 2019, and for other purposes; which was ordered to lie on the 
table; as follows:

       In the matter under the heading ``Federal Aviation 
     Administration'' under the heading ``operations'' under the 
     heading ``(airport and airway trust fund)'' in title I of 
     division D, strike ``airport.'' and insert ``airport: 
     Provided  further, That of the amount appropriated under this 
     heading, up to $6,000,000 shall be used for providing 
     matching funds to qualified commercial entities seeking to 
     demonstrate or validate technologies that the Federal 
     Aviation Administration considers essential to the safe 
     integration of unmanned aircraft systems (UAS) in the 
     National Airspace System at Federal Aviation Administration 
     designated UAS test sites: Provided further, That not later 
     than 60 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, the 
     Administrator of the Federal Aviation Administration shall 
     identify essential integration technologies that could be 
     demonstrated or validated at test sites designated in 
     accordance with the preceding proviso.''.

                          ____________________