MISSING CHILDREN'S ASSISTANCE ACT OF 2018; Congressional Record Vol. 164, No. 161
(House of Representatives - September 28, 2018)

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[Pages H9358-H9359]
From the Congressional Record Online through the Government Publishing Office [www.gpo.gov]




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               MISSING CHILDREN'S ASSISTANCE ACT OF 2018

  Mr. GUTHRIE. Mr. Speaker, I ask unanimous consent to take from the 
Speaker's table the bill (S. 3354) to amend the Missing Children's 
Assistance Act, and for other purposes, and ask for its immediate 
consideration in the House.
  The Clerk read the title of the bill.
  The SPEAKER pro tempore. Is there objection to the request of the 
gentleman from Kentucky?
  There was no objection.
  The text of the bill is as follows:

                                S. 3354

       Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of 
     the United States of America in Congress assembled,

     SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE.

       This Act may be cited as the ``Missing Children's 
     Assistance Act of 2018''.

     SEC. 2. IMPROVING SUPPORT FOR MISSING AND EXPLOITED CHILDREN.

       (a) Findings.--Section 402 of the Missing Children's 
     Assistance Act (34 U.S.C. 11291) is amended--
       (1) by amending paragraph (1) to read as follows:
       ``(1) each year tens of thousands of children run away, or 
     are abducted or removed, from the control of a parent having 
     legal custody without the consent of that parent, under 
     circumstances which immediately place the child in grave 
     danger;'';
       (2) by striking paragraphs (4), (5), and (9);
       (3) by redesignating paragraphs (6), (7), (8), and (10) as 
     paragraphs (4), (5), (6), and (7), respectively;
       (4) in paragraph (4), as so redesignated, by inserting ``, 
     including child sex trafficking and sextortion'' after 
     ``exploitation'';
       (5) in paragraph (6), as so redesignated, by adding ``and'' 
     at the end; and
       (6) by amending paragraph (7), as so redesignated, to read 
     as follows:
       ``(7) the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency 
     Prevention administers programs under this title, including 
     programs that prevent and address offenses committed against 
     vulnerable children and support missing children's 
     organizations, including the National Center for Missing and 
     Exploited Children that--
       ``(A) serves as a nonprofit, national resource center and 
     clearinghouse to provide assistance to victims, families, 
     child-serving professionals, and the general public;
       ``(B) works with the Department of Justice, the Federal 
     Bureau of Investigation, the United States Marshals Service, 
     the Department of the Treasury, the Department of State, U.S. 
     Immigration and Customs Enforcement, the United States Secret 
     Service, the United States Postal Inspection Service, other 
     agencies, and nongovernmental organizations in the effort to 
     find missing children and to prevent child victimization; and
       ``(C) coordinates with each of the missing children 
     clearinghouses operated by the 50 States, the District of 
     Columbia, Puerto Rico, and international organizations to 
     transmit images and information regarding missing and 
     exploited children to law enforcement agencies, 
     nongovernmental organizations, and corporate partners across 
     the United States and around the world instantly.''.
       (b) Definitions.--Section 403 of the Missing Children's 
     Assistance Act (34 U.S.C. 11292) is amended--
       (1) by striking paragraph (1) and inserting the following:
       ``(1) the term `missing child' means any individual less 
     than 18 years of age whose whereabouts are unknown to such 
     individual's parent;'';
       (2) in paragraph (2), by striking ``and'' at the end;
       (3) in paragraph (3), by striking the period at the end and 
     inserting ``; and''; and
       (4) by adding at the end the following:
       ``(4) the term `parent' includes a legal guardian or other 
     individual who may lawfully exercise parental rights with 
     respect to the child.''.
       (c) Duties and Functions of the Administrator.--Section 404 
     of the Missing Children's Assistance Act (34 U.S.C. 11293) is 
     amended--
       (1) in subsection (a)--
       (A) in paragraph (3), by striking ``telephone line'' and 
     inserting ``hotline''; and
       (B) in paragraph (6)(E)--
       (i) by striking ``telephone line'' and inserting 
     ``hotline'';
       (ii) by striking ``(b)(1)(A) and'' and inserting 
     ``(b)(1)(A),''; and
       (iii) by inserting ``, and the number and types of reports 
     to the tipline established under subsection (b)(1)(K)(i)'' 
     before the semicolon at the end;
       (2) in subsection (b)(1)--
       (A) in subparagraph (A)--
       (i) by striking ``telephone line'' each place it appears 
     and inserting ``hotline''; and
       (ii) by striking ``legal custodian'' and inserting 
     ``parent'';
       (B) in subparagraph (C)--
       (i) in clause (i)--

       (I) by striking ``restaurant'' and inserting ``food''; and
       (II) by striking ``and'' at the end;

       (ii) in clause (ii) by adding ``and'' at the end; and
       (iii) by adding at the end the following:
       ``(iii) innovative and model programs, services, and 
     legislation that benefit missing and exploited children;'';
       (C) by striking subparagraphs (E), (F), (G), (L), (M), (P) 
     and (R);
       (D) by redesignating subparagraphs (H) through (K) as 
     subparagraphs (E) through (H), respectively;
       (E) by redesignating subparagraphs (N) and (O) as 
     subparagraphs (I) and (J), respectively;
       (F) by redesignating subparagraph (Q) as subparagraph (K);
       (G) by redesignating subparagraphs (S) through (V) as 
     subparagraphs (L) through (O), respectively;
       (H) by amending subparagraph (E), as so redesignated, to 
     read as follows:
       ``(E) provide technical assistance and training to 
     families, law enforcement agencies, State and local 
     governments, elements of the criminal justice system, 
     nongovernmental agencies, local educational agencies, and the 
     general public--
       ``(i) in the prevention, investigation, prosecution, and 
     treatment of cases involving missing and exploited children;
       ``(ii) to respond to foster children missing from the State 
     child welfare system in coordination with child welfare 
     agencies and courts handling juvenile justice and dependency 
     matters; and
       ``(iii) in the identification, location, and recovery of 
     victims of, and children at risk for, child sex 
     trafficking;'';
       (I) by amending subparagraphs (F), (G), and (H), as so 
     redesignated, to read as follows:
       ``(F) provide assistance to families, law enforcement 
     agencies, State and local governments, nongovernmental 
     agencies, child-serving professionals, and other individuals 
     involved in the location and recovery of missing and abducted 
     children nationally and, in cooperation with the Department 
     of State, internationally;
       ``(G) provide support and technical assistance to child-
     serving professionals involved in helping to recover missing 
     and exploited children by searching public records databases 
     to help in the identification, location, and recovery of such 
     children, and help in the location and identification of 
     potential abductors and offenders;
       ``(H) provide forensic and direct on-site technical 
     assistance and consultation to families, law enforcement 
     agencies, child-serving professionals, and nongovernmental 
     organizations in child abduction and exploitation cases, 
     including facial reconstruction of skeletal remains and 
     similar techniques to assist in the identification of 
     unidentified deceased children;'';
       (J) by amending subparagraph (I), as so redesignated, to 
     read as follows:
       ``(I) provide training, technical assistance, and 
     information to nongovernmental organizations relating to non-
     compliant sex offenders and to law enforcement agencies in 
     identifying and locating such individuals;'';
       (K) by amending subparagraph (K), as so redesignated, to 
     read as follows:
       ``(K) work with families, law enforcement agencies, 
     electronic service providers, electronic payment service 
     providers, technology companies, nongovernmental 
     organizations, and others on methods to reduce the existence 
     and distribution of online images and videos of sexually 
     exploited children--
       ``(i) by operating a tipline to--

       ``(I) provide to individuals and electronic service 
     providers an effective means of reporting internet-related 
     and other instances of child sexual exploitation in the areas 
     of--

       ``(aa) possession, manufacture, and distribution of child 
     pornography;
       ``(bb) online enticement of children for sexual acts;
       ``(cc) child sex trafficking;
       ``(dd) sex tourism involving children;
       ``(ee) extra-familial child sexual molestation;
       ``(ff) unsolicited obscene material sent to a child;
       ``(gg) misleading domain names; and
       ``(hh) misleading words or digital images on the internet; 
     and

       ``(II) make reports received through the tipline available 
     to the appropriate law enforcement agency for its review and 
     potential investigation;

       ``(ii) by operating a child victim identification program 
     to assist law enforcement agencies in identifying victims of 
     child pornography and other sexual crimes to support the 
     recovery of children from sexually exploitative situations; 
     and
       ``(iii) by utilizing emerging technologies to provide 
     additional outreach and educational materials to parents and 
     families;''; and
       (L) by amending subparagraphs (L) and (M), as so 
     redesignated, to read as follows:

[[Page H9359]]

       ``(L) develop and disseminate programs and information to 
     families, child-serving professionals, law enforcement 
     agencies, State and local governments, nongovernmental 
     organizations, schools, local educational agencies, child-
     serving organizations, and the general public on--
       ``(i) the prevention of child abduction and sexual 
     exploitation;
       ``(ii) internet safety, including tips for social media and 
     cyberbullying; and
       ``(iii) sexting and sextortion;
       ``(M) provide technical assistance and training to local 
     educational agencies, schools, State and local law 
     enforcement agencies, individuals, and other nongovernmental 
     organizations that assist with finding missing and abducted 
     children in identifying and recovering such children;''.
       (d) Grants.--Section 405 of the Missing Children's 
     Assistance Act (34 U.S.C. 11294) is amended--
       (1) in subsection (a)--
       (A) in paragraph (7), by striking ``(as defined in section 
     403(1)(A))''; and
       (B) in paragraph (8)--
       (i) by striking ``legal custodians'' and inserting 
     ``parents''; and
       (ii) by striking ``custodians' '' and inserting ``parents' 
     ''; and
       (2) in subsection (b)(1)(A), by striking ``legal 
     custodians'' and inserting ``parents''.
       (e) Reporting.--The Missing Children's Assistance Act (34 
     U.S.C. 11291 et seq.) is amended--
       (1) by redesignating sections 407 and 408 as sections 408 
     and 409, respectively; and
       (2) by inserting after section 406 (34 U.S.C. 11295) the 
     following:

     ``SEC. 407. REPORTING.

       ``(a) Required Reporting.--As a condition of receiving 
     funds under section 404(b), the grant recipient shall, based 
     solely on reports received by the grantee and not involving 
     any data collection by the grantee other than those reports, 
     annually provide to the Administrator and make available to 
     the general public, as appropriate--
       ``(1) the number of children nationwide who are reported to 
     the grantee as missing;
       ``(2) the number of children nationwide who are reported to 
     the grantee as victims of non-family abductions;
       ``(3) the number of children nationwide who are reported to 
     the grantee as victims of family abductions; and
       ``(4) the number of missing children recovered nationwide 
     whose recovery was reported to the grantee.
       ``(b) Incidence of Attempted Child Abductions.--As a 
     condition of receiving funds under section 404(b), the grant 
     recipient shall--
       ``(1) track the incidence of attempted child abductions in 
     order to identify links and patterns;
       ``(2) provide such information to law enforcement agencies; 
     and
       ``(3) make such information available to the general 
     public, as appropriate.''.

     SEC. 3. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS; AUDIT REQUIREMENT.

       (a) Authorization of Appropriations.--Section 409(a) of the 
     Missing Children's Assistance Act, as so redesignated by 
     section 2, is amended by striking ``2018'' and inserting 
     ``2023''.
       (b) Audit Requirement.--Section 408(1) of the Missing 
     Children's Assistance Act, as so redesignated by section 2, 
     is amended by striking ``2018'' and inserting ``2023''.

     SEC. 4. EFFECTIVE DATE; APPLICATION OF AMENDMENTS.

       (a) Effective Date.--Except as provided in subsection (b), 
     this Act and the amendments made by this Act shall take 
     effect on the date of the enactment of this Act.
       (b) Application of Amendments.--The amendments made by 
     section 2 shall apply with respect to fiscal years that begin 
     after September 30, 2018.

  The bill was ordered to be read a third time, was read the third 
time, and passed, and a motion to reconsider was laid on the table.

                          ____________________