NATIONAL DEFENSE AUTHORIZATION ACT FOR FISCAL YEAR 2019; Congressional Record Vol. 164, No. 102
(Senate - June 19, 2018)

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[Pages S4059-S4248]
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        NATIONAL DEFENSE AUTHORIZATION ACT FOR FISCAL YEAR 2019

  On Monday, June 18, 2018, the Senate passed H.R. 5515, as amended, as 
follows:

                               H.R. 5515

         Resolved, That the bill from the House of Representatives 
     (H.R. 5515) entitled ``An Act to authorize appropriations for 
     fiscal year 2019 for military activities of the Department of 
     Defense, for military construction, and for defense 
     activities of the Department of Energy, to prescribe military 
     personnel strengths for such fiscal year, and for other 
     purposes.'', do pass with the following amendment:
       Strike out all after the enacting clause and insert:

     SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE.

       (a) In General.--This Act may be cited as the ``John S. 
     McCain National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 
     2019''.
       (b) References.--Any reference in this or any other Act to 
     the ``National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 
     2019'' shall be deemed to be a reference to the ``John S. 
     McCain National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 
     2019''.

     SEC. 2. ORGANIZATION OF ACT INTO DIVISIONS; TABLE OF 
                   CONTENTS.

       (a) Divisions.--This Act is organized into four divisions 
     as follows:
       (1) Division A--Department of Defense Authorizations.
       (2) Division B--Military Construction Authorizations.
       (3) Division C--Department of Energy National Security 
     Authorizations and Other Authorizations.
       (4) Division D--Funding Tables.
       (5) Division E--Additional Provisions.
       (b) Table of Contents.--The table of contents for this Act 
     is as follows:

Sec. 1. Short title.
Sec. 2. Organization of Act into divisions; table of contents.
Sec. 3. Congressional defense committees.
Sec. 4. Budgetary effects of this Act.

            DIVISION A--DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE AUTHORIZATIONS

                          TITLE I--PROCUREMENT

              Subtitle A--Authorization of Appropriations

Sec. 101. Authorization of appropriations.

                       Subtitle B--Army Programs

Sec. 111. Deployment by the Army of an interim cruise missile defense 
              capability.

                       Subtitle C--Navy Programs

Sec. 121. Multiyear procurement authority for F/A-18E/F Super Hornet 
              and EA-18G aircraft program.
Sec. 122. Multiyear procurement authority for E-2D Advanced Hawkeye 
              (AHE) aircraft program.
Sec. 123. Extension of limitation on use of sole-source shipbuilding 
              contracts for certain vessels.
Sec. 124. Prohibition on availability of funds for Navy port waterborne 
              security barriers.
Sec. 125. Multiyear procurement authority for Standard Missile-6.
Sec. 126. Limitation on availability of funds for the Littoral Combat 
              Ship.
Sec. 127. Nuclear refueling of aircraft carriers.
Sec. 128. Limitation on funding for Amphibious Assault Vehicle Product 
              Improvement Program.

                     Subtitle D--Air Force Programs

Sec. 141. Prohibition on availability of funds for retirement of E-8 
              JSTARS aircraft.
Sec. 142. B-52H aircraft system modernization report.
Sec. 143. Repeal of funding restriction for EC-130H Compass Call 
              Recapitalization Program and review of program 
              acceleration opportunities.

       Subtitle E--Defense-wide, Joint, and Multiservice Matters

Sec. 151. Multiyear procurement authority for C-130J aircraft program.
Sec. 152. Quarterly updates on the F-35 Joint Strike Fighter program.
Sec. 153. Authority to procure additional polar-class icebreakers.

         TITLE II--RESEARCH, DEVELOPMENT, TEST, AND EVALUATION

              Subtitle A--Authorization of Appropriations

Sec. 201. Authorization of appropriations.

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    Subtitle B--Program Requirements, Restrictions, and Limitations

Sec. 211. Codification and reauthorization of Defense Research and 
              Development Rapid Innovation Program.
Sec. 212. Procedures for rapid reaction to emerging technology.
Sec. 213. Activities on identification and development of enhanced 
              personal protective equipment against blast injury.
Sec. 214. Human factors modeling and simulation activities.
Sec. 215. Expansion of mission areas supported by mechanisms for 
              expedited access to technical talent and expertise at 
              academic institutions.
Sec. 216. Advanced manufacturing activities.
Sec. 217. National security innovation activities.
Sec. 218. Partnership intermediaries for promotion of defense research 
              and education.
Sec. 219. Limitation on use of funds for Surface Navy Laser Weapon 
              System.
Sec. 220. Expansion of coordination requirement for support for 
              national security innovation and entrepreneurial 
              education.
Sec. 221. Limitation on funding for Amphibious Combat Vehicle 1.2.
Sec. 222. Defense quantum information science and technology research 
              and development program.
Sec. 223. Joint directed energy test activities.
Sec. 224. Requirement for establishment of arrangements for expedited 
              access to technical talent and expertise at academic 
              institutions to support Department of Defense missions.
Sec. 225. Authority for Joint Directed Energy Transition Office to 
              conduct research relating to high powered microwave 
              capabilities.
Sec. 226. Joint artificial intelligence research, development, and 
              transition activities.

                 Subtitle C--Reports and Other Matters

Sec. 231. Report on comparative capabilities of adversaries in key 
              technology areas.
Sec. 232. Report on active protection systems for armored combat and 
              tactical vehicles.
Sec. 233. Next Generation Combat Vehicle.
Sec. 234. Report on the future of the defense research and engineering 
              enterprise.
Sec. 235. Modification of reports on mechanisms to provide funds to 
              defense laboratories for research and development of 
              technologies for military missions.
Sec. 236. Report on Mobile Protected Firepower and Future Vertical 
              Lift.
Sec. 237. Improvement of the Air Force supply chain.
Sec. 238. Review of guidance on blast exposure during training.
Sec. 239. List of technologies and manufacturing capabilities critical 
              to Armed Forces.
Sec. 240. Report on requiring access to digital technical data in 
              future acquisitions of combat, combat service, and combat 
              support systems.
Sec. 241. Competitive acquisition strategy for Bradley Fighting Vehicle 
              transmission replacement.
Sec. 242. Independent assessment of electronic warfare plans and 
              programs.

                  TITLE III--OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE

              Subtitle A--Authorization of Appropriations

Sec. 301. Authorization of appropriations.

                   Subtitle B--Energy and Environment

Sec. 311. Further improvements to energy security and resilience.
Sec. 312. Funding of study and assessment of health implications of 
              per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances contamination in 
              drinking water by Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease 
              Registry.
Sec. 313. Military Mission Sustainment Siting Clearinghouse.
Sec. 314. Operational energy policy.
Sec. 315. Funding treatment of perfluorooctane sulfonic acid and 
              perfluorooctanoic acid at State-owned and operated 
              National Guard installations.

                          Subtitle C--Reports

Sec. 321. Reports on readiness.
Sec. 322. Report on cold weather capabilities and readiness of United 
              States Armed Forces.

                       Subtitle D--Other Matters

Sec. 331. Pilot programs on integration of military information support 
              and civil affairs activities.
Sec. 332. Reporting on future years budgeting by subactivity group.
Sec. 333. Restriction on upgrades to aviation demonstration team 
              aircraft.
Sec. 334. U.S. Special Operations Command civilian personnel.
Sec. 335. Limitation on availability of funds for service-specific 
              Defense Readiness Reporting Systems.
Sec. 336. Repurposing and reuse of surplus Army firearms.
Sec. 337. Limitation on availability of funds for establishment of 
              additional specialized undergraduate pilot training 
              facility.
Sec. 338. Scope of authority for restoration of land due to mishap.
Sec. 339. Redesignation of the Utah Test and Training Range (UTTR).

                 Subtitle E--Logistics and Sustainment

Sec. 351. Limitation on modifications to Navy Facilities Sustainment, 
              Restoration, and Modernization (FSRM) structure and 
              mechanism.

              TITLE IV--MILITARY PERSONNEL AUTHORIZATIONS

                       Subtitle A--Active Forces

Sec. 401. End strengths for active forces.
Sec. 402. End strengths for commissioned officers on active duty in 
              certain grades.

                       Subtitle B--Reserve Forces

Sec. 411. End strengths for Selected Reserve.
Sec. 412. End strengths for Reserves on active duty in support of the 
              reserves.
Sec. 413. End strengths for military technicians (dual status).
Sec. 414. Maximum number of reserve personnel authorized to be on 
              active duty for operational support.

              Subtitle C--Authorization of Appropriations

Sec. 421. Military personnel.
Sec. 422. Limitation on use of funds for personnel in fiscal year 2019 
              in excess of statutorily specified end strengths for 
              fiscal year 2018.

                   TITLE V--MILITARY PERSONNEL POLICY

                  Subtitle A--Officer Personnel Policy

              PART I--Officer Personnel Management Reform

Sec. 501. Repeal of codified specification of authorized strengths of 
              certain commissioned officers on active duty.
Sec. 502. Annual defense manpower requirements report matters.
Sec. 503. Repeal of requirement for ability to complete 20 years of 
              service by age 62 as qualification for original 
              appointment as a regular commissioned officer.
Sec. 504. Enhancement of availability of constructive service credit 
              for private sector training or experience upon original 
              appointment as a commissioned officer.
Sec. 505. Standardized temporary promotion authority across the 
              military departments for officers in certain grades with 
              critical skills.
Sec. 506. Authority for promotion boards to recommend officers of 
              particular merit be placed higher on a promotion list.
Sec. 507. Authority for officers to opt out of promotion board 
              consideration.
Sec. 508. Competitive category matters.
Sec. 509. Promotion zone matters.
Sec. 510. Alternative promotion authority for officers in designated 
              competitive categories of officers.
Sec. 511. Applicability to additional officer grades of authority for 
              continuation on active duty of officers in certain 
              military specialties and career tracks.

                         PART II--Other Matters

Sec. 516. Matters relating to satisfactory service in grade for 
              purposes of retirement grade of officers in highest grade 
              of satisfactory service.
Sec. 517. Reduction in number of years of active naval service required 
              for permanent appointment as a limited duty officer.
Sec. 518. Repeal of original appointment qualification requirement for 
              warrant officers in the regular Army.
Sec. 519. Uniform grade of service of the Chiefs of Chaplains of the 
              Armed Forces.
Sec. 520. Written justification for appointment of Chiefs of Chaplains 
              in grade below grade of major general or rear admiral.

                Subtitle B--Reserve Component Management

Sec. 521. Authority to adjust effective date of promotion in the event 
              of undue delay in extending Federal recognition of 
              promotion.
Sec. 522. Authority to designate certain reserve officers as not to be 
              considered for selection for promotion.
Sec. 523. Expansion of personnel subject to authority of the Chief of 
              the National Guard Bureau in the execution of functions 
              and missions of the National Guard Bureau.
Sec. 524. Repeal of prohibition on service on Army Reserve Forces 
              Policy Committee by members on active duty.

                Subtitle C--General Service Authorities

Sec. 531. Assessment of Navy standard workweek and related adjustments.
Sec. 532. Manning of Forward Deployed Naval Forces.
Sec. 533. Navy watchstander records.
Sec. 534. Qualification experience requirements for certain Navy 
              watchstations.
Sec. 535. Repeal of 15-year statute of limitations on motions or 
              requests for review of discharge or dismissal from the 
              Armed Forces.
Sec. 536. Treatment of claims relating to military sexual trauma in 
              correction of military records and review of discharge or 
              dismissal proceedings.

                  Subtitle D--Military Justice Matters

Sec. 541. Punitive article on domestic violence under the Uniform Code 
              of Military Justice.
Sec. 542. Inclusion of strangulation and suffocation in conduct 
              constituting aggravated assault for purposes of the 
              Uniform Code of Military Justice.

[[Page S4061]]

Sec. 543. Authorities of Defense Advisory Committee on Investigation, 
              Prosecution, and Defense of Sexual Assault in the Armed 
              Forces.
Sec. 544. Protective orders against individuals subject to the Uniform 
              Code of Military Justice.
Sec. 545. Expansion of eligibility for Special Victims' Counsel 
              services.
Sec. 546. Clarification of expiration of term of appellate military 
              judges of the United States Court of Military Commission 
              Review.
Sec. 547. Expansion of policies on expedited transfer of members of the 
              Armed Forces who are victims of sexual assault.
Sec. 548. Uniform command action form on disposition of unrestricted 
              sexual assault cases involving members of the Armed 
              Forces.
Sec. 549. Inclusion of information on certain collateral conduct of 
              victims of sexual assault in annual reports on sexual 
              assault involving members of the Armed Forces.

   Subtitle E--Member Education, Training, Transition, and Resilience

Sec. 551. Consecutive service of service obligation in connection with 
              payment of tuition for off-duty training or education for 
              commissioned officers of the Armed Forces with any other 
              service obligations.
Sec. 552. Consecutive service of active service obligations for medical 
              training with other service obligations for education or 
              training.
Sec. 553. Clarification of application and honorable service 
              requirements under the Troops-to-Teachers Program to 
              members of the Retired Reserve.
Sec. 554. Prohibition on use of funds for attendance of enlisted 
              personnel at senior level and intermediate level officer 
              professional military education courses.
Sec. 555. Repeal of program on encouragement of postseparation public 
              and community service.
Sec. 556. Expansion of authority to assist members in obtaining 
              professional credentials.
Sec. 557. Enhancement of authorities in connection with Junior Reserve 
              Officers' Training Corps programs.

Subtitle F--Defense Dependents' Education and Military Family Readiness 
                                Matters

             PART I--Defense Dependents' Education Matters

Sec. 561. Continuation of authority to assist local educational 
              agencies that benefit dependents of members of the Armed 
              Forces and Department of Defense civilian employees.
Sec. 562. Impact aid for children with severe disabilities.
Sec. 563. Department of Defense Education Activity policies and 
              procedures on sexual harassment of students of Activity 
              schools.

               PART II--Military Family Readiness Matters

Sec. 566. Improvement of authority to conduct family support programs 
              for immediate family members of the Armed Forces assigned 
              to special operations forces.
Sec. 567. Expansion of period of availability of Military OneSource 
              program for retired and discharged members of the Armed 
              Forces and their immediate families.
Sec. 568. Expansion of authority for noncompetitive appointments of 
              military spouses by Federal agencies.
Sec. 569. Improvement of My Career Advancement Account program for 
              military spouses.
Sec. 570. Access to military installations for certain surviving 
              spouses and other next of kin of members of the Armed 
              Forces who die while on active duty or certain reserve 
              duty.
Sec. 571. Department of Defense Military Family Readiness Council 
              matters.
Sec. 572. Multidisciplinary teams for military installations on child 
              abuse and other domestic violence.
Sec. 573. Provisional or interim clearances to provide childcare 
              services at military childcare centers.
Sec. 574. Pilot program on prevention of child abuse and training on 
              safe childcare practices among military families.
Sec. 575. Pilot program on participation of military spouses in 
              Transition Assistance Program activities.
Sec. 576. Small business activities of military spouses on military 
              installations in the United States.

                   Subtitle G--Decorations and Awards

Sec. 581. Authorization for award of the Distinguished Service Cross 
              for Justin T. Gallegos for acts of valor during Operation 
              Enduring Freedom.
Sec. 582. Award of medals or other commendations to handlers of 
              military working dogs.

                       Subtitle H--Other Matters

Sec. 591. Authority to award damaged personal protective equipment to 
              members separating from the Armed Forces and veterans as 
              mementos of military service.
Sec. 592. Standardization of frequency of academy visits of the Air 
              Force Academy Board of Visitors with academy visits of 
              boards of other military service academies.
Sec. 593. Redesignation of the Commandant of the United States Air 
              Force Institute of Technology as the President of the 
              United States Air Force Institute of Technology.
Sec. 594. Limitation on justifications entered by military recruiters 
              for enlistment or accession of individuals into the Armed 
              Forces.
Sec. 595. National Commission on Military, National, and Public Service 
              matters.
Sec. 596. Burial of unclaimed remains of inmates at the United States 
              Disciplinary Barracks Cemetery, Fort Leavenworth, Kansas.
Sec. 597. Space-available travel on Department of Defense aircraft for 
              veterans with service-connected disabilities rated as 
              total.

          TITLE VI--COMPENSATION AND OTHER PERSONNEL BENEFITS

                     Subtitle A--Pay and Allowances

Sec. 601. Fiscal year 2019 increase in military basic pay.
Sec. 602. Repeal of authority for payment of personal money allowances 
              to Navy officers serving in certain positions.
Sec. 603. Department of Defense proposal for a pay table for members of 
              the Armed Forces using steps in grade based on time in 
              grade rather than time in service.
Sec. 604. Financial support for lessors under the Military Housing 
              Privatization Initiative during 2019.
Sec. 605. Modification of authority of President to determine 
              alternative pay adjustment in annual basic pay of members 
              of the uniformed services.
Sec. 606. Eligibility of reserve component members for high-deployment 
              allowance for lengthy or numerous deployments and 
              frequent mobilizations.
Sec. 607. Eligibility of reserve component members for nonreduction in 
              pay while serving in the uniformed services or National 
              Guard.
Sec. 608. Temporary adjustment in rate of basic allowance for housing 
              following identification of significant 
              underdetermination of civilian housing costs for housing 
              areas.

           Subtitle B--Bonuses and Special and Incentive Pays

Sec. 611. One-year extension of certain expiring bonus and special pay 
              authorities.

     Subtitle C--Disability Pay, Retired Pay, and Survivor Benefits

Sec. 621. Technical corrections in calculation and publication of 
              special survivor indemnity allowance cost of living 
              adjustments.

                       Subtitle D--Other Matters

Sec. 631. Rates of per diem for long-term temporary duty assignments.
Sec. 632. Prohibition on per diem allowance reductions based on the 
              duration of temporary duty assignment or civilian travel.

                   TITLE VII--HEALTH CARE PROVISIONS

           Subtitle A--TRICARE and Other Health Care Benefits

Sec. 701. Consolidation of cost-sharing requirements under TRICARE 
              Select and TRICARE Prime.
Sec. 702. Administration of TRICARE dental plans through the Federal 
              Employees Dental Insurance Program.
Sec. 703. Contraception coverage parity under the TRICARE program.
Sec. 704. Pilot program on opioid management in the military health 
              system.
Sec. 705. Pilot program on treatment of members of the Armed Forces for 
              post-traumatic stress disorder related to military sexual 
              trauma.

                 Subtitle B--Health Care Administration

Sec. 711. Improvement of administration of Defense Health Agency and 
              military medical treatment facilities.
Sec. 712. Organizational framework of the military healthcare system to 
              support medical requirements of the combatant commands.
Sec. 713. Streamlining of TRICARE Prime beneficiary referral process.
Sec. 714. Sharing of information with State prescription drug 
              monitoring programs.
Sec. 715. Improvement of reimbursement by Department of Defense of 
              entities carrying out State vaccination programs in 
              connection with vaccines provided to covered 
              beneficiaries under the TRICARE Program.

                 Subtitle C--Reports and Other Matters

Sec. 721. Extension of authority for Joint Department of Defense-
              Department of Veterans Affairs Medical Facility 
              Demonstration Fund.
Sec. 722. Increase in number of appointed members of the Henry M. 
              Jackson Foundation for the Advancement of Military 
              Medicine.
Sec. 723. Cessation of requirement for mental health assessment of 
              members after redeployment from a contingency operation 
              upon discharge or release from the Armed Forces.

[[Page S4062]]

Sec. 724. Pilot program on earning by special operations forces medics 
              of credits towards a physician assistant degree.
Sec. 725. Pilot program on partnerships with civilian organizations for 
              specialized medical training.
Sec. 726. Registry of individuals exposed to per- and polyfluoroalkyl 
              substances on military installations.
Sec. 727. Inclusion of gambling disorder in health assessments for 
              members of the Armed Forces and related research efforts.
Sec. 728. Comptroller General review of Defense Health Agency oversight 
              of TRICARE managed care support contractors.

  TITLE VIII--ACQUISITION POLICY, ACQUISITION MANAGEMENT, AND RELATED 
                                MATTERS

             Subtitle A--Acquisition Policy and Management

Sec. 801. Permanent Supply Chain Risk Management Authority.
Sec. 802. Commercially available market research.
Sec. 803. Comptroller General assessment of acquisition programs and 
              related initiatives.

Subtitle B--Amendments to General Contracting Authorities, Procedures, 
                            and Limitations

Sec. 811. Department of Defense contracting dispute matters.
Sec. 812. Continuation of technical data rights during challenges.
Sec. 813. Increased micro-purchase threshold.
Sec. 814. Modification of limitations on single source task or delivery 
              order contracts.
Sec. 815. Preliminary cost analysis requirement for exercise of 
              multiyear contract authority.
Sec. 816. Inclusion of best available information regarding past 
              performance of subcontractors and joint venture partners.
Sec. 817. Modification of criteria for waivers of requirement for 
              certified cost and price data.
Sec. 818. Subcontracting price and approved purchasing systems.
Sec. 819. Comptroller General of the United States report on progress 
              payment financing of Department of Defense contracts.
Sec. 820. Authorization to limit foreign access to technology through 
              contracts.
Sec. 821. Briefing requirement on services contracts.
Sec. 822. Sense of Congress on awarding of contracts to responsible 
              companies that primarily employ American workers and do 
              not actively transfer American jobs to potential 
              adversaries.

 Subtitle C--Provisions Relating to Major Defense Acquisition Programs

Sec. 831. Program cost, fielding, and performance goals in planning 
              major acquisition programs.
Sec. 832. Implementation of recommendations of the Independent Study on 
              Consideration of Sustainment in Weapons Systems Life 
              Cycle.
Sec. 833. Pilot program to accelerate major weapons system programs.

        Subtitle D--Provisions Relating to Acquisition Workforce

Sec. 841. Permanent authority for demonstration projects relating to 
              acquisition personnel management policies and procedures.
Sec. 842. Establishment of integrated review team on defense 
              acquisition industry-government exchange.
Sec. 843. Exchange program for acquisition workforce employees.

          Subtitle E--Provisions Relating to Commercial Items

Sec. 851. Report on commercial item procurement reform.

                  Subtitle F--Industrial Base Matters

Sec. 861. National technology and industrial base application process.
Sec. 862. Report on defense electronics industrial base.
Sec. 863. Support for defense manufacturing communities to support the 
              defense industrial base.

                     Subtitle G--Other Transactions

Sec. 871. Change to notification requirement for other transactions.
Sec. 872. Data and policy on the use of other transactions.

   Subtitle H--Development and Acquisition of Software Intensive and 
                     Digital Products and Services

Sec. 881. Clarifications regarding proprietary and technical data.
Sec. 882. Implementation of recommendations of the final report of the 
              Defense Science Board Task Force on the Design and 
              Acquisition of Software for Defense Systems.
Sec. 883. Implementation of pilot program to use agile or iterative 
              development methods required under section 873 of the 
              National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2018.
Sec. 884. Enabling and other activities of the Cloud Executive Steering 
              Group.

                       Subtitle I--Other Matters

Sec. 891. Prohibition on certain telecommunications services or 
              equipment.
Sec. 892. Limitation on use of funds pending submittal of report on 
              Army Marketing and Advertising Program.
Sec. 893. Permanent SBIR and STTR authority for the Department of 
              Defense.
Sec. 894. Procurement of telecommunications supplies for experimental 
              purposes.
Sec. 895. Access by developmental and operational testing activities to 
              data regarding modeling and simulation activity.

      TITLE IX--DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE ORGANIZATION AND MANAGEMENT

   Subtitle A--Office of the Secretary of Defense and Related Matters

Sec. 901. Powers and duties of the Under Secretary of Defense for 
              Research and Engineering in connection with priority 
              emerging technologies.
Sec. 902. Redesignation and modification of responsibilities of Under 
              Secretary of Defense for Personnel and Readiness.
Sec. 903. Modification of responsibilities of the Under Secretary of 
              Defense for Policy.
Sec. 904. Report on allocation of former responsibilities of the Under 
              Secretary of Defense for Acquisition, Technology, and 
              Logistics.
Sec. 905. Assistant Secretary of Defense for Strategy, Plans, 
              Assessments, Readiness, and Capabilities.
Sec. 906. Clarification of responsibilities and duties of the Chief 
              Information Officer of the Department of Defense.
Sec. 907. Specification of certain duties of the Defense Technical 
              Information Center.
Sec. 908. Limitation on termination of, and transfer of functions, 
              responsibilities, and activities of, the Strategic 
              Capabilities Office.
Sec. 909. Technical corrections to Department of Defense Test Resource 
              Management Center authority.

Subtitle B--Organization and Management of Other Department of Defense 
                          Offices and Elements

Sec. 921. Modification of certain responsibilities of the Chairman of 
              the Joint Chiefs of Staff relating to joint force concept 
              development.
Sec. 922. Assistant Secretary of Defense for Special Operations and 
              Low-Intensity Conflict review of United States Special 
              Operations Command.
Sec. 923. Qualifications for appointment as Deputy Chief Management 
              Officer of a military department.
Sec. 924. Expansion of principal duties of Assistant Secretary of the 
              Navy for Research, Development, and Acquisition.
Sec. 925. Cross-functional teams in the Department of Defense.
Sec. 926. Deadline for completion of full implementation of 
              requirements in connection with organization of the 
              Department of Defense for management of special 
              operations forces and special operations.

 Subtitle C--Organization and Management of the Department of Defense 
                               Generally

Sec. 931. Limitation on availability of funds for major headquarters 
              activities of the Department of Defense.
Sec. 932. Responsibility for policy on civilian casualty matters.
Sec. 933. Additional matters in connection with background and security 
              investigations for Department of Defense personnel.
Sec. 934. Program of expedited security clearances for mission-critical 
              positions.
Sec. 935. Information sharing program for positions of trust.
Sec. 936. Report on clearance in person concept.
Sec. 937. Strategic Defense Fellows Program.

                       Subtitle D--Other Matters

Sec. 941. Analysis of Department of Defense business management and 
              operations datasets to promote savings and efficiencies.
Sec. 942. Research and development to advance capabilities of the 
              Department of Defense in data integration and advanced 
              analytics in connection with personnel security.

                      TITLE X--GENERAL PROVISIONS

                     Subtitle A--Financial Matters

Sec. 1001. General transfer authority.
Sec. 1002. Inclusion of funds for Air Force pass-through items in 
              Defense-wide budget for the Department of Defense.
Sec. 1003. Report on shift in requests for funds for Department of 
              Defense activities from funds for overseas contingency 
              operations to funds through the base budget.
Sec. 1004. Ranking of auditability of financial statements of the 
              organizations and elements of the Department of Defense.
Sec. 1005. Transparency of accounting firms used to support Department 
              of Defense audit.

                Subtitle B--Naval Vessels and Shipyards

Sec. 1011. Date of listing of vessels as battle force ships in the 
              Naval Vessel Register and other fleet inventory measures.
Sec. 1012. Annual reports on examination of Navy vessels.
Sec. 1013. Limitation on duration of homeporting of certain vessels in 
              foreign locations.

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Sec. 1014. Specific authorization requirement for nuclear refueling of 
              aircraft carriers.
Sec. 1015. Dismantlement and disposal of nuclear-powered aircraft 
              carriers.
Sec. 1016. National Defense Sealift Fund.
Sec. 1017. Limitation on use of funds for retirement of hospital ships.

                      Subtitle C--Counterterrorism

Sec. 1021. Extension of prohibition on use of funds for transfer or 
              release of individuals detained at United States Naval 
              Station, Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, to the United States.
Sec. 1022. Extension of prohibition on use of funds to construct or 
              modify facilities in the United States to house detainees 
              transferred from United States Naval Station, Guantanamo 
              Bay, Cuba.
Sec. 1023. Extension of prohibition on use of funds for transfer or 
              release of individuals detained at United States Naval 
              Station, Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, to certain countries.
Sec. 1024. Extension of prohibition on use of funds to close or 
              relinquish control of United States Naval Station, 
              Guantanamo Bay, Cuba.
Sec. 1025. Authority to transfer individuals detained at United States 
              Naval Station, Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, to the United States 
              temporarily for emergency or critical medical treatment.

         Subtitle D--Miscellaneous Authorities and Limitations

Sec. 1031. Strategic guidance documents within the Department of 
              Defense.
Sec. 1032. Guidance on the electronic warfare mission area and joint 
              electromagnetic spectrum operations.
Sec. 1033. Limitation on use of funds for United States Special 
              Operations Command Global Messaging and Counter-Messaging 
              platform.
Sec. 1034. Sense of Congress on the basing of KC-46A aircraft outside 
              the continental United States.
Sec. 1035. Relinquishment of legislative jurisdiction of criminal 
              offenses committed by juveniles on military 
              installations.
Sec. 1036. Policy on response to juvenile-on-juvenile abuse committed 
              on military installations.

                    Subtitle E--Studies and Reports

Sec. 1041. Report on highest-priority roles and missions of the 
              Department of Defense and the Armed Forces.
Sec. 1042. Annual reports by the Armed Forces on Out-Year Unconstrained 
              Total Munitions Requirements and Out-Year inventory 
              numbers.
Sec. 1043. Comprehensive review of operational and administrative 
              chains-of-command and functions of the Department of the 
              Navy.
Sec. 1044. Military aviation readiness review in support of the 
              National Defense Strategy.
Sec. 1045. Report on capabilities and capacities of Armored Brigade 
              Combat Teams.
Sec. 1046. Improvement of annual report on civilian casualties in 
              connection with United States military operations.
Sec. 1047. Report on Department of Defense participation in Export 
              Administration Regulations license application review 
              process.
Sec. 1048. Automatic sunset for future statutory reporting 
              requirements.
Sec. 1049. Repeal of certain Department of Defense reporting 
              requirements that otherwise terminate as of December 31, 
              2021.
Sec. 1050. Report on potential improvements to certain military 
              educational institutions of the Department of Defense.
Sec. 1051. Recruiting costs of the Armed Forces.

                       Subtitle F--Other Matters

Sec. 1061. Authority to transfer funds for Bien Hoa dioxin cleanup.
Sec. 1062. Improvement of database on emergency response capabilities.
Sec. 1063. Acceptance and distribution by Department of Defense of 
              assistance from certain nonprofit entities in support of 
              missions of deployed United States personnel around the 
              world.
Sec. 1064. United States policy with respect to freedom of navigation 
              and overflight.
Sec. 1065. Prohibition of funds for Chinese language instruction 
              provided by a Confucius Institute.

                  TITLE XI--CIVILIAN PERSONNEL MATTERS

               Subtitle A--Department of Defense Matters

Sec. 1101. Inapplicability of certification of executive qualifications 
              by qualification review boards of Office of Personnel 
              Management for initial appointments to Senior Executive 
              Service positions in Department of Defense.
Sec. 1102. Direct hire authority for science and technology reinvention 
              laboratories and Major Range and Test Facilities Base 
              facilities for recent science, technology, engineering, 
              and mathematics graduates of minority-serving 
              institutions.
Sec. 1103. Inclusion of Strategic Capabilities Office and Defense 
              Innovation Unit Experimental of the Department of Defense 
              in personnel management authority to attract experts in 
              science and engineering.
Sec. 1104. Enhancement of flexible management authorities for Science 
              and Technology Reinvention Laboratories of the Department 
              of Defense.
Sec. 1105. Inclusion of Office of Secretary of Defense among components 
              of the Department of Defense covered by direct hire 
              authority for financial management experts.
Sec. 1106. Authority to employ civilian faculty members at the Joint 
              Special Operations University.

                  Subtitle B--Government-Wide Matters

Sec. 1121. Alcohol testing of civil service mariners of the Military 
              Sealift Command assigned to vessels.
Sec. 1122. Expedited hiring authority for college graduates and post 
              secondary students.
Sec. 1123. Increase in maximum amount of voluntary separation incentive 
              pay authorized for civilian employees.
Sec. 1124. One-year extension of temporary authority to grant 
              allowances, benefits, and gratuities to civilian 
              personnel on official duty in a combat zone.
Sec. 1125. One-year extension of authority to waive annual limitation 
              on premium pay and aggregate limitation on pay for 
              Federal civilian employees working overseas.

             TITLE XII--MATTERS RELATING TO FOREIGN NATIONS

                  Subtitle A--Assistance and Training

Sec. 1201. Clarification of authority for use of advisors and trainers 
              for training of personnel of foreign ministries with 
              security missions under defense institution capacity 
              building authorities.
Sec. 1202. Modification to Department of Defense State Partnership 
              Program.
Sec. 1203. Expansion of Regional Defense Combating Terrorism Fellowship 
              Program to include irregular warfare.
Sec. 1204. Extension and modification of authority to support border 
              security operations of certain foreign countries.
Sec. 1205. Legal and policy review of advise, assist, and accompany 
              missions.
Sec. 1206. Technical corrections relating to defense security 
              cooperation statutory reorganization.
Sec. 1207. Naval Small Craft Instruction and Technical Training School.

        Subtitle B--Matters Relating to Afghanistan and Pakistan

Sec. 1211. Afghanistan Security Forces Fund.
Sec. 1212. Extension and modification of authority for reimbursement of 
              certain coalition nations for support provided to United 
              States military operations.
Sec. 1213. Extension of authority to transfer defense articles and 
              provide defense services to the military and security 
              forces of Afghanistan.
Sec. 1214. Modification of reporting requirements for special immigrant 
              visas for Afghan allies program.

         Subtitle C--Matters Relating to Syria, Iraq, and Iran

Sec. 1221. Extension of authority to provide assistance to counter the 
              Islamic State of Iraq and Syria.
Sec. 1222. Extension and modification of authority to provide 
              assistance to the vetted Syrian opposition.
Sec. 1223. Extension and modification of authority to support 
              operations and activities of the Office of Security 
              Cooperation in Iraq.
Sec. 1224. Syria Study Group.
Sec. 1225. Modification of annual report on military power of Iran.

   Subtitle D--Matters Relating to Europe and the Russian Federation

Sec. 1231. Extension of limitation on military cooperation between the 
              United States and the Russian Federation.
Sec. 1232. Limitation on availability of funds relating to sovereignty 
              of the Russian Federation over Crimea.
Sec. 1233. Extension of Ukraine Security Assistance Initiative.
Sec. 1234. Sense of Senate on relocation of Joint Intelligence Analysis 
              Complex.
Sec. 1235. Sense of Senate on enhancing deterrence against Russian 
              aggression in Europe.
Sec. 1236. Technical amendments related to NATO Support and Procurement 
              Organization and related NATO agreements.
Sec. 1237. Report on security cooperation between the Russian 
              Federation and Cuba, Nicaragua, and Venezuela.
Sec. 1238. Sense of Senate on countering Russian malign influence.

        Subtitle E--Matters Relating to the Indo-Pacific Region

Sec. 1241. Redesignation, expansion, and extension of Southeast Asia 
              Maritime Security Initiative.

[[Page S4064]]

Sec. 1242. Modification of annual report on military and security 
              developments involving the People's Republic of China.
Sec. 1243. Sense of Senate on Taiwan.
Sec. 1244. Redesignation and modification of sense of Congress and 
              initiative for the Indo-Asia-Pacific region.
Sec. 1245. Prohibition on participation of the People's Republic of 
              China in Rim of the Pacific (RIMPAC) naval exercises.
Sec. 1246. Assessment of and report on geopolitical conditions in the 
              Indo-Pacific region.
Sec. 1247. Sense of Senate on United States-India defense relationship.
Sec. 1248. Sense of Senate on strategic importance of maintaining 
              commitments under Compacts of Free Association.
Sec. 1249. Sense of Senate on United States military forces on the 
              Korean Peninsula.

                          Subtitle F--Reports

Sec. 1251. Report on military and coercive activities of the People's 
              Republic of China in South China Sea.
Sec. 1252. Report on terrorist use of human shields.
Sec. 1253. Report on Arctic strategies.
Sec. 1254. Report on permanent stationing of United States forces in 
              the Republic of Poland.
Sec. 1254A. Ineffectiveness of section 937.
Sec. 1254B. John S. McCain Strategic Defense Fellows Program.
Sec. 1255. Reports on nuclear capabilities of the Democratic People's 
              Republic of Korea.
Sec. 1256. Report on United States military training opportunities with 
              allies and partners in the Indo-Pacific region.

                       Subtitle G--Other Matters

Sec. 1261. Modification of authorities relating to acquisition and 
              cross-servicing agreements.
Sec. 1262. Extension of authority for transfer of amounts for Global 
              Engagement Center.
Sec. 1263. Sense of Senate on purchase by Turkey of S-400 air defense 
              system.
Sec. 1264. Department of Defense support for stabilization activities 
              in national security interest of the United States.
Sec. 1265. Enhancement of U.S.-Israel defense cooperation.
Sec. 1266. Certifications regarding actions by Saudi Arabia in Yemen.
Sec. 1267. Sense of Senate on support for G5 Sahel Joint Force 
              countries.
Sec. 1268. Sense of Congress on broadening and expanding strategic 
              partnerships and allies.
Sec. 1269. Removal of Turkey from the F-35 program.
Sec. 1270. Increase in minimum amount of obligations from the Special 
              Defense Acquisition Fund for precision guided munitions.

                TITLE XIII--COOPERATIVE THREAT REDUCTION

Sec. 1301. Specification of Cooperative Threat Reduction funds.
Sec. 1302. Funding allocations.

                    TITLE XIV--OTHER AUTHORIZATIONS

                     Subtitle A--Military Programs

Sec. 1401. Working capital funds.
Sec. 1402. Chemical Agents and Munitions Destruction, Defense.
Sec. 1403. Drug Interdiction and Counter-Drug Activities, Defense-wide.
Sec. 1404. Defense Inspector General.
Sec. 1405. Defense Health Program.

                 Subtitle B--National Defense Stockpile

Sec. 1411. Consolidation of reporting requirements under the Strategic 
              and Critical Materials Stock Piling Act.

                Subtitle C--Armed Forces Retirement Home

Sec. 1421. Authorization of appropriations for Armed Forces Retirement 
              Home.
Sec. 1422. Expansion of eligibility for residence at the Armed Forces 
              Retirement Home.
Sec. 1423. Oversight of health care provided to residents of the Armed 
              Forces Retirement Home.
Sec. 1424. Modification of authority on acceptance of gifts for the 
              Armed Forces Retirement Home.
Sec. 1425. Relief for residents of the Armed Forces Retirement Home 
              impacted by increase in fees.
Sec. 1426. Limitation on applicability of fee increase for residents of 
              the Armed Forces Retirement Home.

                       Subtitle D--Other Matters

Sec. 1431. Authority for transfer of funds to joint Department of 
              Defense-Department of Veterans Affairs Medical Facility 
              Demonstration Fund for Captain James A. Lovell Health 
              Care Center, Illinois.
Sec. 1432. Economical and efficient operation of working capital fund 
              activities.

   TITLE XV--AUTHORIZATION OF ADDITIONAL APPROPRIATIONS FOR OVERSEAS 
                         CONTINGENCY OPERATIONS

              Subtitle A--Authorizations of Appropriations

Sec. 1501. Purpose.
Sec. 1502. Overseas contingency operations.
Sec. 1503. Procurement.
Sec. 1504. Research, development, test, and evaluation.
Sec. 1505. Operation and maintenance.
Sec. 1506. Military personnel.
Sec. 1507. Working capital funds.
Sec. 1508. Drug Interdiction and Counter-Drug Activities, Defense-wide.
Sec. 1509. Defense Inspector General.
Sec. 1510. Defense Health Program.

                     Subtitle B--Financial Matters

Sec. 1521. Treatment as additional authorizations.
Sec. 1522. Special transfer authority.

                       Subtitle C--Other Matters

Sec. 1531. Joint Improvised-Threat Defeat Organization.

     TITLE XVI--STRATEGIC PROGRAMS, CYBER, AND INTELLIGENCE MATTERS

                      Subtitle A--Space Activities

Sec. 1601. Modifications to Space Rapid Capabilities Office.
Sec. 1602. Space warfighting policy and review of space capabilities.
Sec. 1603. Report on enhancements to the Global Positioning System 
              Operational Control Segment.
Sec. 1604. Streamline of commercial space launch operations.
Sec. 1605. Reusable launch vehicles.
Sec. 1606. Review of and report on activities of International Space 
              Station.

  Subtitle B--Defense Intelligence and Intelligence-related Activities

Sec. 1611. Framework on governance, mission management, resourcing, and 
              effective oversight of Department of Defense combat 
              support agencies that are also elements of the 
              intelligence community.

                 Subtitle C--Cyberspace-related Matters

                      PART I--Cyberspace Generally

Sec. 1621. Policy of the United States on cyberspace, cybersecurity, 
              cyber warfare, and cyber deterrence.
Sec. 1622. Affirming the authority of the Secretary of Defense to 
              conduct military activities and operations in cyberspace.
Sec. 1623. Active defense and surveillance against Russian Federation 
              attacks in cyberspace.
Sec. 1624. Reorganization and consolidation of certain cyber 
              provisions.
Sec. 1625. Designation of official for matters relating to integrating 
              cybersecurity and industrial control systems within the 
              Department of Defense.
Sec. 1626. Assistance for small manufacturers in the defense industrial 
              supply chain on matters relating to cybersecurity.
Sec. 1627. Modification of acquisition authority of the Commander of 
              the United States Cyber Command.
Sec. 1628. Email and Internet website security and authentication.
Sec. 1629. Matters pertaining to the Sharkseer cybersecurity program.
Sec. 1630. Pilot program on modeling and simulation in support of 
              military homeland defense operations in connection with 
              cyber attacks on critical infrastructure.
Sec. 1631. Security product integration framework.
Sec. 1632. Report on enhancement of software security for critical 
              systems.
Sec. 1633. Comply to connect and cybersecurity scorecard.
Sec. 1634. Cyberspace Solarium Commission.
Sec. 1635. Program to establish cyber institutes at institutions of 
              higher learning.
Sec. 1636. Establishment of Cybersecurity for Defense Industrial Base 
              Manufacturing Activity.

    PART II--Mitigation of Risks Posed by Providers of Information 
           Technology With Obligations to Foreign Governments

Sec. 1637. Definitions.
Sec. 1638. Identification of countries of concern regarding 
              cybersecurity.
Sec. 1639. Mitigation of risks to national security posed by providers 
              of information technology products and services who have 
              obligations to foreign governments.
Sec. 1640. Establishment of registry of disclosures.

                       Subtitle D--Nuclear Forces

Sec. 1641. Oversight and management of the command, control, and 
              communications system for the national leadership of the 
              United States.
Sec. 1642. Modification to requirement for conventional long-range 
              standoff weapon.
Sec. 1643. Exchange program for nuclear weapons program employees.
Sec. 1644. Procurement authority for certain parts of intercontinental 
              ballistic missile fuzes.
Sec. 1645. Plan to train officers in nuclear command, control, and 
              communications.
Sec. 1646. Plan for alignment of acquisition of warhead life extension 
              programs and delivery vehicles for such warheads.
Sec. 1647. Extension of annual report on plan for the nuclear weapons 
              stockpile, nuclear weapons complex, nuclear weapons 
              delivery systems, and nuclear weapons command and control 
              system.
Sec. 1648. Prohibition on use of funds for activities to modify United 
              States aircraft to implement Open Skies Treaty.
Sec. 1649. Sense of Senate on Nuclear Posture Review.

[[Page S4065]]

                  Subtitle E--Missile Defense Programs

Sec. 1651. Extension of prohibition relating to missile defense 
              information and systems.
Sec. 1652. Multiyear procurement authority for Standard Missile-3 IB 
              guided missiles.
Sec. 1653. Extension of requirement for reports on unfunded priorities 
              of Missile Defense Agency.
Sec. 1654. Iron Dome short-range rocket defense system and Israeli 
              cooperative missile defense program co-development and 
              co-production.
Sec. 1655. Metrics for evaluating effectiveness of integrated Ballistic 
              Missile Defense System against operationally realistic 
              ballistic missile attacks.
Sec. 1656. Modification of requirement relating to transition of 
              ballistic missile defense programs to military 
              departments.
Sec. 1657. Sense of the Senate on acceleration of missile defense 
              capabilities.
Sec. 1658. Integrated air and missile defense for evolving theater 
              missile threats.
Sec. 1659. Acceleration of hypersonic missile defense program.
Sec. 1660. Sense of the Senate on allied partnerships for missile 
              defense.
Sec. 1660A. Sense of the Senate on results of tests carried out by 
              Missile Defense Agency.
Sec. 1660B. Sense of the Senate on discrimination for missile defense.
Sec. 1660C. Development and deployment of persistent space-based sensor 
              architecture.
Sec. 1660D. Modification of requirement to develop a space-based 
              ballistic missile intercept layer.

                       Subtitle F--Other Matters

Sec. 1661. Assessment of electronic warfare capabilities of Russia and 
              China.
Sec. 1662. Budget exhibit on support provided to entities outside 
              Department of Defense.
Sec. 1663. Development of Electromagnetic Battle Management capability 
              for joint electromagnetic operations.

    TITLE XVII--COMMITTEE ON FOREIGN INVESTMENT IN THE UNITED STATES

Sec. 1701. Short title.
Sec. 1702. Sense of Congress.
Sec. 1703. Definitions.
Sec. 1704. Acceptance of written notices.
Sec. 1705. Inclusion of partnership and side agreements in notice.
Sec. 1706. Declarations for certain covered transactions.
Sec. 1707. Stipulations regarding transactions.
Sec. 1708. Authority for unilateral initiation of reviews.
Sec. 1709. Timing for reviews and investigations.
Sec. 1710. Monitoring of non-notified and non-declared transactions.
Sec. 1711. Submission of certifications to Congress.
Sec. 1712. Analysis by Director of National Intelligence.
Sec. 1713. Information sharing.
Sec. 1714. Action by the President.
Sec. 1715. Judicial review.
Sec. 1716. Membership and staff of Committee.
Sec. 1717. Actions by the Committee to address national security risks.
Sec. 1718. Modification of annual report and other reporting 
              requirements.
Sec. 1719. Certification of notices and information.
Sec. 1720. Implementation plans.
Sec. 1721. Assessment of need for additional resources for Committee.
Sec. 1722. Funding.
Sec. 1723. Centralization of certain Committee functions.
Sec. 1724. Conforming amendments.
Sec. 1725. Requirements to identify and control the export of emerging 
              and foundational technologies.
Sec. 1726. Export control enforcement authority.
Sec. 1727. Prohibition on modification of civil penalties under export 
              control and sanctions laws.
Sec. 1728. Under Secretary of Commerce for Industry and Security.
Sec. 1729. Limitation on cancellation of designation of Secretary of 
              the Air Force as Department of Defense Executive Agent 
              for a certain Defense Production Act program.
Sec. 1730. Review of and report on certain defense technologies 
              critical to the United States maintaining superior 
              military capabilities.
Sec. 1731. Briefing on information from transactions reviewed by 
              Committee on Foreign Investment in the United States 
              relating to foreign efforts to influence democratic 
              institutions and processes.
Sec. 1732. Effective date.
Sec. 1733. Severability.

            DIVISION B--MILITARY CONSTRUCTION AUTHORIZATIONS

Sec. 2001. Short title.
Sec. 2002. Expiration of authorizations and amounts required to be 
              specified by law.
Sec. 2003. Effective date.

                 TITLE XXI--ARMY MILITARY CONSTRUCTION

Sec. 2101. Authorized Army construction and land acquisition projects.
Sec. 2102. Family housing.
Sec. 2103. Authorization of appropriations, Army.
Sec. 2104. Extension of authorizations of certain fiscal year 2015 
              projects.
Sec. 2105. Extension of authorizations of certain fiscal year 2016 
              project.

                 TITLE XXII--NAVY MILITARY CONSTRUCTION

Sec. 2201. Authorized Navy construction and land acquisition projects.
Sec. 2202. Family housing.
Sec. 2203. Improvements to military family housing units.
Sec. 2204. Authorization of appropriations, Navy.

              TITLE XXIII--AIR FORCE MILITARY CONSTRUCTION

Sec. 2301. Authorized Air Force construction and land acquisition 
              projects.
Sec. 2302. Family housing.
Sec. 2303. Improvements to military family housing units.
Sec. 2304. Authorization of appropriations, Air Force.
Sec. 2305. Modification of authority to carry out certain phased 
              project authorized in fiscal years 2015, 2016, and 2017.
Sec. 2306. Modification of authority to carry out certain fiscal year 
              2017 project.
Sec. 2307. Modification of authority to carry out certain fiscal year 
              2018 project.
Sec. 2308. Additional authority to carry out certain fiscal year 2019 
              projects.

           TITLE XXIV--DEFENSE AGENCIES MILITARY CONSTRUCTION

Sec. 2401. Authorized defense agencies construction and land 
              acquisition projects.
Sec. 2402. Energy Resilience and Conservation Investment Program.
Sec. 2403. Authorization of appropriations, defense agencies.
Sec. 2404. Extension of authorizations of certain fiscal year 2015 
              projects.
Sec. 2405. Authorization of certain fiscal year 2018 project.

                   TITLE XXV--INTERNATIONAL PROGRAMS

  Subtitle A--North Atlantic Treaty Organization Security Investment 
                                Program

Sec. 2501. Authorized NATO construction and land acquisition projects.
Sec. 2502. Authorization of appropriations, NATO.

             Subtitle B--Host Country In-kind Contributions

Sec. 2511. Republic of Korea funded construction projects.

            TITLE XXVI--GUARD AND RESERVE FORCES FACILITIES

 Subtitle A--Project Authorizations and Authorization of Appropriations

Sec. 2601. Authorized Army National Guard construction and land 
              acquisition projects.
Sec. 2602. Authorized Army Reserve construction and land acquisition 
              projects.
Sec. 2603. Authorized Navy Reserve and Marine Corps Reserve 
              construction and land acquisition projects.
Sec. 2604. Authorized Air National Guard construction and land 
              acquisition projects.
Sec. 2605. Authorized Air Force Reserve construction and land 
              acquisition projects.
Sec. 2606. Authorization of appropriations, National Guard and Reserve.

                       Subtitle B--Other Matters

Sec. 2611. Modification of authority to carry out certain fiscal year 
              2016 project.
Sec. 2612. Modification of authority to carry out certain fiscal year 
              2018 project.
Sec. 2613. Additional authority to carry out certain fiscal year 2019 
              project.

          TITLE XXVII--BASE REALIGNMENT AND CLOSURE ACTIVITIES

Sec. 2701. Authorization of appropriations for base realignment and 
              closure activities funded through Department of Defense 
              Base Closure Account.
Sec. 2702. Prohibition on conducting additional base realignment and 
              closure (BRAC) round.

       TITLE XXVIII--MILITARY CONSTRUCTION AND GENERAL PROVISIONS

 Subtitle A--Military Construction Program and Military Family Housing 
                                Changes

Sec. 2801. Additional authority to obtain architectural and engineering 
              services and construction design for defense laboratory 
              modernization pilot program.
Sec. 2802. Modification of contract authority for acquisition, 
              construction, or furnishing of test facilities and 
              equipment.
Sec. 2803. Extension of temporary, limited authority to use operation 
              and maintenance funds for construction projects in 
              certain areas outside the United States.
Sec. 2804. Unspecified minor military construction projects related to 
              revitalization and recapitalization of Defense Industrial 
              Base Facilities.
Sec. 2805. Congressional oversight of projects carried out pursuant to 
              laws other than Military Construction Authorization Acts.

[[Page S4066]]

          Subtitle B--Project Management and Oversight Reforms

Sec. 2811. Updates and modifications to Department of Defense Form 
              1391, Unified Facilities Criteria, and military 
              installation master plans.
Sec. 2812. Work in Process Curve charts and outlay tables for military 
              construction projects.

                      Subtitle C--Land Conveyances

Sec. 2821. Land exchange, Air Force Plant 44, Tucson, Arizona.
Sec. 2822. Land conveyance, Eglin Air Force Base, Florida.

                       Subtitle D--Other Matters

Sec. 2831. Commemoration of Freedman's Village.
Sec. 2832. Strategic plan to improve capabilities of Department of 
              Defense training ranges and installations.
Sec. 2833. Native American Indian lands environmental mitigation 
              program.
Sec. 2834. Defense community infrastructure pilot program.
Sec. 2835. Representation of installation interests in negotiations and 
              proceedings with carriers and other public utilities.
Sec. 2836. White Sands Missile Range land enhancements.
Sec. 2837. Authority to transfer funds for construction of Indian River 
              Bridge.

   TITLE XXIX--OVERSEAS CONTINGENCY OPERATIONS MILITARY CONSTRUCTION

Sec. 2901. Authorized Army construction and land acquisition projects.
Sec. 2902. Authorized Navy construction and land acquisition projects.
Sec. 2903. Authorized Air Force construction and land acquisition 
              projects.
Sec. 2904. Authorized Defense Agencies construction and land 
              acquisition projects.
Sec. 2905. Authorization of appropriations.

 DIVISION C--DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY NATIONAL SECURITY AUTHORIZATIONS AND 
                          OTHER AUTHORIZATIONS

      TITLE XXXI--DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY NATIONAL SECURITY PROGRAMS

       Subtitle A--National Security Programs and Authorizations

Sec. 3101. National Nuclear Security Administration.
Sec. 3102. Defense environmental cleanup.
Sec. 3103. Other defense activities.
Sec. 3104. Nuclear energy.

   Subtitle B--Program Authorizations, Restrictions, and Limitations

Sec. 3111. Clarification of roles and authorities of National Nuclear 
              Security Administration.
Sec. 3112. National Nuclear Security Administration Personnel System.
Sec. 3113. Amendments to the Atomic Energy Act of 1954.
Sec. 3114. Extension of enhanced procurement authority to manage supply 
              chain risk.
Sec. 3115. Pilot program on conduct by Department of Energy of 
              background reviews for access by certain individuals to 
              national security laboratories.
Sec. 3116. Extension of authority for acceptance of contributions for 
              acceleration of removal or security of fissile materials, 
              radiological materials, and related equipment at 
              vulnerable sites worldwide.
Sec. 3117. Modification of limitation on development of low-yield 
              nuclear weapons.
Sec. 3118. Prohibition on use of funds for terminating activities at 
              MOX facility.

                     Subtitle C--Plans and Reports

Sec. 3121. Modifications to cost-benefit analyses for competition of 
              management and operating contracts.
Sec. 3122. Review of defense environmental cleanup activities.
Sec. 3123. Survey of workforce of national security laboratories and 
              nuclear weapons production facilities.
Sec. 3124. Elimination of certain reports.
Sec. 3125. Implementation of Nuclear Posture Review by National Nuclear 
              Security Administration.

          TITLE XXXII--DEFENSE NUCLEAR FACILITIES SAFETY BOARD

Sec. 3201. Authorization.

                  TITLE XXXV--MARITIME ADMINISTRATION

Sec. 3501. Maritime Administration.
Sec. 3502. Permanent authority of Secretary of Transportation to issue 
              vessel war risk insurance.

                       DIVISION D--FUNDING TABLES

Sec. 4001. Authorization of amounts in funding tables.

                         TITLE XLI--PROCUREMENT

Sec. 4101. Procurement.
Sec. 4102. Procurement for overseas contingency operations.

        TITLE XLII--RESEARCH, DEVELOPMENT, TEST, AND EVALUATION

Sec. 4201. Research, development, test, and evaluation.
Sec. 4202. Research, development, test, and evaluation for overseas 
              contingency operations.

                 TITLE XLIII--OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE

Sec. 4301. Operation and maintenance.
Sec. 4302. Operation and maintenance for overseas contingency 
              operations.

                     TITLE XLIV--MILITARY PERSONNEL

Sec. 4401. Military personnel.
Sec. 4402. Military personnel for overseas contingency operations.

                    TITLE XLV--OTHER AUTHORIZATIONS

Sec. 4501. Other authorizations.
Sec. 4502. Other authorizations for overseas contingency operations.

                   TITLE XLVI--MILITARY CONSTRUCTION

Sec. 4601. Military construction.
Sec. 4602. Military construction for overseas contingency operations.

      TITLE XLVII--DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY NATIONAL SECURITY PROGRAMS

Sec. 4701. Department of Energy national security programs.

                   DIVISION E--ADDITIONAL PROVISIONS

                         TITLE LI--PROCUREMENT

Sec. 5101. Briefing on procurement plan for Acquired Position 
              Navigation and Timing (APNT) solution.
Sec. 5102. Sense of Congress on KC-46A aerial refueling tanker emergent 
              requirements.
Sec. 5103. Additional element in the quarterly updates on the F-35 
              Joint Strike Fighter program.

         TITLE LII--RESEARCH, DEVELOPMENT, TEST, AND EVALUATION

Sec. 5201. Joint artificial intelligence research, development, and 
              transition activities.
Sec. 5202. Scope of competitive acquisition strategy for the Bradley 
              Fighting Vehicle transmission replacement.
Sec. 5203. Pilot program to test machine-vision technologies to 
              determine the authenticity and security of 
              microelectronic parts in weapon systems.

                 TITLE LIII--OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE

Sec. 5301. Prioritization of environmental impacts for Facilities 
              Sustainment, Restoration, and Modernization demolition.
Sec. 5302. Core sampling at Joint Base San Antonio, Texas.
Sec. 5303. Transportation to continental United States of retired 
              military working dogs outside the continental United 
              States that are suitable for adoption in the United 
              States.
Sec. 5304. Additional element in report on cold weather capabilities 
              and readiness of the United States Armed Forces.
Sec. 5305. Report on Air Force training range requirements to address 
              fifth generation threats.
Sec. 5306. Annual report on differences in ship repair contract and 
              final delivery costs.
Sec. 5307. Report on Air Force airfield operational requirements.

                  TITLE LV--MILITARY PERSONNEL POLICY

Sec. 5501. Report on participation in the Transition Assistance 
              Program.
Sec. 5502. Briefing on the status of the plan of the Army to transition 
              to new insecticide pretreatments on combat uniforms.

 TITLE LVIII--ACQUISITION POLICY, ACQUISITION MANAGEMENT, AND RELATED 
                                MATTERS

Sec. 5801. Instruction on pilot program regarding employment of persons 
              with disabilities.
Sec. 5802. Developing innovation and growing the Internet of Things.

      TITLE LIX--DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE ORGANIZATION AND MANAGEMENT

Sec. 5901. Clarification of certain risk assessment requirements of the 
              Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff in connection with 
              the National Military Strategy.

                      TITLE LX--GENERAL PROVISIONS

Sec. 6001. Business case analysis of Ready Reserve Force 
              recapitalization options.
Sec. 6002. Transfer of excess naval vessel to Bahrain.
Sec. 6003. Members of panel conducting review of military aviation 
              readiness in support of the National Defense Strategy.
Sec. 6004. Study on phasing out open burn pits.
Sec. 6005. Airborne Hazards and Open Burn Pit Registry.
Sec. 6006. Improving small business loan programs for employee-owned 
              business concerns.
Sec. 6007. Comptroller General of the United States review of effect of 
              other-than-honorable discharges on veteran employment 
              outcomes.
Sec. 6008. Comptroller General study on availability of long-term care 
              options for veterans from Department of Veterans Affairs.
Sec. 6009. Sense of Congress relating to Soo Locks, Sault Sainte Marie, 
              Michigan.

                 TITLE LXI--CIVILIAN PERSONNEL MATTERS

Sec. 6101. Department of Defense Cyber Scholarship Program scholarships 
              and grants.

           Subtitle LXII--Matters Relating to Foreign Nations

Sec. 6201. Coordination of efforts to negotiate free trade agreements 
              with certain sub-Saharan African countries.

[[Page S4067]]

Sec. 6202. Treatment of Rwandan Patriotic Front and Rwandan Patriotic 
              Army under Immigration and Nationality Act.
Sec. 6203. Syrian war crimes accountability.
Sec. 6204. Clarification of limitation on the transfer of the F-35 to 
              Turkey.
Sec. 6205. Report on Honduras, Guatemala, and El Salvador.
Sec. 6206. Report on arms embargo on Cyprus.

    TITLE LXVI--STRATEGIC PROGRAMS, CYBER, AND INTELLIGENCE MATTERS

Sec. 6601. Technical corrections to certain cyberspace matters.
Sec. 6602. Tier 1 exercise of support to civil authorities for a cyber 
              incident.
Sec. 6603. Report on strengthening NATO cyber defense.
Sec. 6604. Briefing on cyber education and training.
Sec. 6605. Report on development of long-range stand-off weapon.

   TITLE LXVII--COMMITTEE ON FOREIGN INVESTMENT IN THE UNITED STATES

Sec. 6701. Ineffectiveness of section 1727.
Sec. 6702. Prohibition on modification of civil penalties under export 
              control and sanctions laws and prohibition on certain 
              telecommunications equipment.

      TITLE LXXVIII--MILITARY CONSTRUCTION AND GENERAL PROVISIONS

Sec. 6801. Clarification to include National Guard installations in 
              Readiness and Environmental Protection Integration 
              program.
Sec. 6802. Release of restrictions, University of California, San 
              Diego.
Sec. 6803. Plan to allow increased public access to the National Naval 
              Aviation Museum and Barrancas National Cemetery, Naval 
              Air Station Pensacola.

      TITLE LXXXI--DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY NATIONAL SECURITY PROGRAMS

Sec. 7101. Additional amounts for inertial confinement fusion and high 
              yield program.

                  TITLE LXXXV--MARITIME ADMINISTRATION

Sec. 7501. Ineffectiveness of title XXXV.
Sec. 7502. Authorization of the Maritime Administration.
Sec. 7503. Concurrent jurisdiction.
Sec. 7504. United States Merchant Marine Academy policy on sexual 
              harassment, dating violence, domestic violence, sexual 
              assault, and stalking.
Sec. 7505. Report on implementation of recommendations for the United 
              States Merchant Marine Academy Sexual Assault Prevention 
              and Response Program.
Sec. 7506. Report on the application of the Uniform Code of Military 
              Justice to the United States Merchant Marine Academy.
Sec. 7507. Electronic records on mariner availability to meet national 
              security needs.
Sec. 7508. Small shipyard grants.
Sec. 7509. Domestic ship recycling facilities.
Sec. 7510. Sea year on contracted vessels.
Sec. 7511. GAO report on national maritime strategy.
Sec. 7512. Department of Transportation Inspector General report on 
              Title XI program.
Sec. 7513. Multi-year contracts.
Sec. 7514. Use of State Maritime Academy training vessels.
Sec. 7515. Permanent authority of Secretary of Transportation to issue 
              vessel war risk insurance.
Sec. 7516. Navigation system study and report.
Sec. 7517. Miscellaneous.
Sec. 7518. Superior National Forest Land Exchange.

     SEC. 3. CONGRESSIONAL DEFENSE COMMITTEES.

       In this Act, the term ``congressional defense committees'' 
     has the meaning given that term in section 101(a)(16) of 
     title 10, United States Code.

     SEC. 4. BUDGETARY EFFECTS OF THIS ACT.

       The budgetary effects of this Act, for the purposes of 
     complying with the Statutory Pay-As-You-Go Act of 2010, shall 
     be determined by reference to the latest statement titled 
     ``Budgetary Effects of PAYGO Legislation'' for this Act, 
     jointly submitted for printing in the Congressional Record by 
     the Chairmen of the House and Senate Budget Committees, 
     provided that such statement has been submitted prior to the 
     vote on passage in the House acting first on the conference 
     report or amendment between the Houses.

            DIVISION A--DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE AUTHORIZATIONS

                          TITLE I--PROCUREMENT

              Subtitle A--Authorization of Appropriations

     SEC. 101. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

       Funds are hereby authorized to be appropriated for fiscal 
     year 2019 for procurement for the Army, the Navy and the 
     Marine Corps, the Air Force, and Defense-wide activities, as 
     specified in the funding table in section 4101.

                       Subtitle B--Army Programs

     SEC. 111. DEPLOYMENT BY THE ARMY OF AN INTERIM CRUISE MISSILE 
                   DEFENSE CAPABILITY.

       (a) Certification of Need.--Not later than 30 days after 
     the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of 
     Defense shall certify to the congressional defense committees 
     whether deployment of an interim, fixed site cruise missile 
     defense capability is necessary.
       (b) Deployment Required.--The Army shall deploy an interim, 
     fixed site cruise missile defense capability, in anticipation 
     of delivery to the Army of the Indirect Fire Protection 
     Capability (IFPC), by the deadlines as follows:
       (1) Two batteries by not later than September 30, 2020.
       (2) Two additional batteries by not later than September 
     30, 2023.
       (c) Locations of Deployment.--In deploying the interim 
     capability pursuant to subsection (b), the Secretary of 
     Defense shall afford a priority in locations for deployment 
     to air bases and significant fixed site locations in Europe 
     and Asia for the purpose of the protection of such bases and 
     locations against potential cruise missile threats.
       (d) Achievement of Deployment Deadlines.--In order to meet 
     the deadlines for deployment specified in subsection (b), the 
     Army--
       (1) shall deploy systems that require the least amount of 
     development; and
       (2) may use a combination of--
       (A) procurement of non-developmental air and missile 
     defense systems currently in production to ensure rapid 
     delivery of capability;
       (B) use of existing systems, components, and capabilities 
     already in the Joint Force inventory, including rockets and 
     missiles as available;
       (C) operational information technology for communication, 
     detection, and fire control that is certified to work with 
     existing joint information technology systems to ensure 
     interoperability;
       (D) engagement and collaboration with science and 
     technology, engineering, testing, and acquisition 
     organization and activities in the Department of Defense, 
     including the Defense Innovation United Experimental, the 
     Director of Operational Test and Evaluation, the Defense 
     Digital Service, the Strategic Capabilities Office, and the 
     Rapid Capabilities offices, to accelerate the development, 
     testing, and deployment of existing systems; and
       (E) institutional and operational basing to facilitate 
     rapid training and fielding.
       (e) Funding.--Of the amount authorized to be appropriated 
     for fiscal year 2019 by section 101 and available for the 
     Army for procurement as specified in the funding table in 
     section 4101, up to $500,000,000 may be available for the 
     deployment of the interim capability required by subsection 
     (b).

                       Subtitle C--Navy Programs

     SEC. 121. MULTIYEAR PROCUREMENT AUTHORITY FOR F/A-18E/F SUPER 
                   HORNET AND EA-18G AIRCRAFT PROGRAM.

       (a) Authority for Multiyear Procurement.--Subject to 
     section 2306b of title 10, United States Code, the Secretary 
     of the Navy may enter into one or more multiyear contracts, 
     beginning with the fiscal year 2019 program year, for the 
     procurement of F/A-18E/F Super Hornet and potential EA-18G 
     aircraft. Notwithstanding subsection (k) of such section 
     2306b, the Secretary of Defense may enter into a multiyear 
     contract under this section for up to three years.
       (b) Authority for Advance Procurement.--The Secretary of 
     the Navy may enter into one or more contracts for advance 
     procurement associated with the F/A-18E/F Super Hornet and 
     potential EA-18G aircraft, including economic order quantity, 
     for which authorization to enter into a multiyear procurement 
     contract is provided under subsection (a).
       (c) Cost Analysis Requirement.--The Secretary may not 
     exercise the authority provided under subsection (a) or (b) 
     until the Secretary of Defense submits to the congressional 
     defense committees the report and confirmation required under 
     subparagraphs (A) and (B), respectively, of section 
     2306b(i)(2) of title 10, United States Code.
       (d) Condition for Out-Year Contract Payments.--A contract 
     entered into under subsection (a) shall provide that any 
     obligation of the United States to make a payment under the 
     contract for a fiscal year after fiscal year 2019 is subject 
     to the availability of appropriations or funds for that 
     purpose for such later fiscal year.

     SEC. 122. MULTIYEAR PROCUREMENT AUTHORITY FOR E-2D ADVANCED 
                   HAWKEYE (AHE) AIRCRAFT PROGRAM.

       (a) Authority for Multiyear Procurement.--Subject to 
     section 2306b of title 10, United States Code, the Secretary 
     of the Navy may enter into one or more multiyear contracts, 
     beginning with the fiscal year 2019 program year, for the 
     procurement of E-2D Advanced Hawkeye (AHE) aircraft. 
     Notwithstanding subsection (k) of such section 2306b, the 
     Secretary of Defense may enter into a multiyear contract 
     under this section for up to five years.
       (b) Authority for Advance Procurement and Economic Order 
     Quantity.--The Secretary may enter into one or more contracts 
     for advance procurement associated with the E-2D AHE 
     (including economic order quantity) for which authorization 
     to enter into a multiyear procurement contract is provided 
     under subsection (a).
       (c) Cost Analysis Requirement.--The Secretary may not 
     exercise the authority provided under subsection (a) or (b) 
     until the Secretary of Defense submits to the congressional 
     defense committees the report and confirmation required under 
     subparagraphs (A) and (B), respectively, of section 
     2306b(i)(2) of title 10, United States Code.
       (d) Condition for Out-year Contract Payments.--A contract 
     entered into under subsection (a) shall provide that any 
     obligation of the United States to make a payment under the 
     contract for a fiscal year after fiscal year 2019 is subject 
     to the availability of appropriations for that purpose for 
     such later fiscal year.

     SEC. 123. EXTENSION OF LIMITATION ON USE OF SOLE-SOURCE 
                   SHIPBUILDING CONTRACTS FOR CERTAIN VESSELS.

       Section 124 of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
     Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328), as amended by section 
     127 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal

[[Page S4068]]

     Year 2018 (Public Law 115-91), is further amended by striking 
     ``or fiscal year 2018'' and inserting ``, fiscal year 2018, 
     or fiscal year 2019''.

     SEC. 124. PROHIBITION ON AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS FOR NAVY PORT 
                   WATERBORNE SECURITY BARRIERS.

       (a) Prohibition.--Except as provided under subsection (b), 
     none of the funds authorized to be appropriated by this Act 
     or otherwise made available for the Department of Defense for 
     fiscal year 2019 may be used for the procurement of new Navy 
     port waterborne security barriers.
       (b) Waiver.--The Secretary of the Navy may waive the 
     prohibition under subsection (a) not less than 30 days after 
     submitting to the congressional defense committees--
       (1) a Navy requirements document that specifies Key 
     Performance Parameters and Key System Attributes for new Navy 
     port waterborne security barriers;
       (2) a certification that the level of capability specified 
     under paragraph (1) will meet or exceed that of legacy Navy 
     port waterborne security barriers;
       (3) the acquisition strategy for the recapitalization of 
     legacy Navy port waterborne security barriers, which will 
     meet or exceed the requirements specified under paragraph 
     (1); and
       (4) a certification that any contract award or awards for 
     new Navy port waterborne security barriers will result from 
     full and open competition to the maximum extent practicable.

     SEC. 125. MULTIYEAR PROCUREMENT AUTHORITY FOR STANDARD 
                   MISSILE-6.

       (a) Authority for Multiyear Procurement.--Subject to 
     section 2306b of title 10, United States Code, the Secretary 
     of the Navy may enter into one or more multiyear contracts, 
     beginning with the fiscal year 2019 program year, for the 
     procurement of up to 625 Standard Missile-6 guided missiles.
       (b) Authority for Advance Procurement and Economic Order 
     Quantity.--The Secretary may enter into one or more contracts 
     for advance procurement associated with the missiles 
     (including economic order quantity) for which authorization 
     to enter into a multiyear procurement contract is provided 
     under subsection (a).
       (c) Cost Analysis Requirement.--The Secretary may not 
     exercise the authority provided under subsection (a) or (b) 
     until the Secretary of Defense submits to the congressional 
     defense committees the report and confirmation required under 
     subparagraphs (A) and (B), respectively, of section 
     2306b(i)(2) of title 10, United States Code.
       (d) Condition for Out-year Contract Payments.--A contract 
     entered into under subsection (a) shall provide that any 
     obligation of the United States to make a payment under the 
     contract for a fiscal year after fiscal year 2019 is subject 
     to the availability of appropriations for that purpose for 
     such later fiscal year.

     SEC. 126. LIMITATION ON AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS FOR THE 
                   LITTORAL COMBAT SHIP.

       (a) Limitation.--None of the amounts authorized to be 
     appropriated by this Act or otherwise made available for the 
     Department of Defense for fiscal year 2019 may be used to 
     exceed the total procurement quantity listed in revision five 
     of the Littoral Combat Ship acquisition strategy unless the 
     Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment 
     submits to the congressional defense committees the 
     certification described in subsection (b).
       (b) Certification.--The certification described in this 
     subsection is a certification by the Under Secretary that 
     awarding a contract for the procurement of a Littoral Combat 
     Ship that exceeds the total procurement quantity listed in 
     revision five of the Littoral Combat Ship acquisition 
     strategy--
       (1) is in the national security interests of the United 
     States;
       (2) will not result in exceeding the low-rate initial 
     production quantity approved in the Littoral Combat Ship 
     acquisition strategy in effect as of the date of the 
     certification; and
       (3) is necessary to maintain a full and open competition 
     for the Guided Missile Frigate (FFG(X)) with a single source 
     award in fiscal year 2020.
       (c) Definition.--The term ``revision five of the Littoral 
     Combat Ship acquisition strategy'' means the fifth revision 
     of the Littoral Combat Ship acquisition strategy approved by 
     the Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and 
     Sustainment on March 26, 2018.

     SEC. 127. NUCLEAR REFUELING OF AIRCRAFT CARRIERS.

       (a) Authorization To Procure Nuclear Refueling Materials.--
     Pursuant to section 7314a of title 10, United States Code, as 
     added by section 1014 of this Act, the Secretary of the Navy 
     may procure naval nuclear reactor power units and associated 
     reactor components for the following aircraft carriers:
       (1) U.S.S. John C. Stennis (CVN-74).
       (2) U.S.S. Harry S. Truman (CVN-75).
       (3) U.S.S. Ronald Reagan (CVN-76).
       (4) U.S.S. George H.W. Bush (CVN-77).
       (b) Condition for Out-year Payments.--Any contract entered 
     into under subsection (a) shall provide that any obligation 
     of the United States to make a payment under the contract for 
     a fiscal year after fiscal year 2019 is subject to 
     availability of appropriations for that purpose for that 
     later fiscal year.

     SEC. 128. LIMITATION ON FUNDING FOR AMPHIBIOUS ASSAULT 
                   VEHICLE PRODUCT IMPROVEMENT PROGRAM.

       Not more than 75 percent of the funds authorized by this 
     Act or otherwise made available for the Marine Corps for 
     fiscal year 2019 for the Amphibious Assault Vehicle Product 
     Improvement Program (AAV PIP) may be obligated or expended 
     until the Secretary of Defense has submitted to the 
     congressional defense committees--
       (1) the report required under subsection (b) of section 
     1041; or
       (2) the information required under paragraph (5) of such 
     subsection.

                     Subtitle D--Air Force Programs

     SEC. 141. PROHIBITION ON AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS FOR RETIREMENT 
                   OF E-8 JSTARS AIRCRAFT.

       (a) Prohibition on Availability of Funds for Retirement.--
     Except as provided by subsection (d), none of the funds 
     authorized to be appropriated by this Act or otherwise made 
     available for fiscal year 2019 for the Air Force may be 
     obligated or expended to retire, or prepare to retire, any E-
     8 Joint Surveillance Target Attack Radar System aircraft.
       (b) Additional Limitation on Retirement.--
       (1) In general.--In addition to the prohibition in 
     subsection (a), the Secretary of the Air Force may not 
     retire, or prepare to retire, any E-8C aircraft until the 
     Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment 
     submits to the congressional defense committees the 
     certification described under paragraph (2).
       (2) Required certification.--The certification referred to 
     in paragraph (1) is a certification submitted by the Under 
     Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment to the 
     congressional defense committees that the Department of 
     Defense's plan for 21st Century Battle Management Command and 
     Control, as briefed to the congressional defense committees 
     in March 2018, is progressing according to the schedule 
     presented in March 2018.
       (c) Exception.--The prohibitions in subsections (a) and (b) 
     shall not apply to individual E-8 Joint Surveillance Target 
     Attack Radar System aircraft that the Secretary of the Air 
     Force determines, on a case-by-case basis, to be 
     nonoperational because of mishaps, other damage, or being 
     uneconomical to repair.

     SEC. 142. B-52H AIRCRAFT SYSTEM MODERNIZATION REPORT.

       Not later than 180 days after the date of the enactment of 
     this Act, the Secretary of the Air Force shall submit to the 
     congressional defense committees a report on the long term 
     modernization of the B-52H aircraft, including an estimated 
     timeline and requirements as an integrated aircraft system 
     of--
       (1) electronic warfare and defensive systems;
       (2) communications including secure jam resistant 
     capability;
       (3) radar replacement;
       (4) engine replacement;
       (5) future weapons and targeting capability; and
       (6) mission planning systems.

     SEC. 143. REPEAL OF FUNDING RESTRICTION FOR EC-130H COMPASS 
                   CALL RECAPITALIZATION PROGRAM AND REVIEW OF 
                   PROGRAM ACCELERATION OPPORTUNITIES.

       (a) Repeal.--Section 131 of the National Defense 
     Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328; 
     130 Stat. 2037) is repealed.
       (b) Periodic Reports Required.--
       (1) In general.--Not later than December 30, 2018, June 30, 
     2019, and December 30, 2019, the Secretary of the Air Force 
     shall submit to the congressional defense committees a series 
     of updated program status reports for the EC-130H Compass 
     Call Recapitalization Program.
       (2) Elements.--The reports required under paragraph (1) 
     shall include--
       (A) a program status update describing progress in meeting 
     current and future acquisition milestones;
       (B) a description of opportunities to accelerate the 
     program in fiscal years 2020 and 2021;
       (C) a description of long-lead items or other block buy 
     components that could reduce cost and lead to acceleration of 
     the program;
       (D) funding requirements to carry out program acceleration 
     in order to replace the legacy EC-130H fleet as rapidly as 
     possible; and
       (E) a description of how the EC-130H Compass Call 
     Recapitalization Program--
       (i) meets the requirements of combatant commanders; and
       (ii) is more operationally effective and survivable than 
     the existing EC-130H Compass Call aircraft platform.

       Subtitle E--Defense-wide, Joint, and Multiservice Matters

     SEC. 151. MULTIYEAR PROCUREMENT AUTHORITY FOR C-130J AIRCRAFT 
                   PROGRAM.

       (a) Authority for Multiyear Procurement.--Subject to 
     section 2306b of title 10, United States Code, the Secretary 
     of the Air Force may enter into one or more multiyear 
     contracts, beginning with the fiscal year 2019 program year, 
     for the procurement of C-130J aircraft and, acting as the 
     executive agent for the Department of the Navy, for the 
     procurement of C-130J aircraft.
       (b) Authority for Advance Procurement and Economic Order 
     Quantity.--The Secretary of the Air Force may enter into one 
     or more contracts for advance procurement associated with the 
     C-130J aircraft, including economic order quantity, for which 
     authorization to enter into a multiyear procurement contract 
     is provided under subsection (a).
       (c) Condition for Out-Year Contract Payments.--A contract 
     entered into under subsection (a) shall provide that any 
     obligation of the United States to make a payment under the 
     contract for a fiscal year after fiscal year 2019 is subject 
     to the availability of appropriations for that purpose for 
     such later fiscal year.
       (d) Treatment of Fiscal Year 2018 Aircraft.--The multiyear 
     contract authority under subsection (a) includes C-130J 
     aircraft for which funds were appropriated for fiscal year 
     2018.

     SEC. 152. QUARTERLY UPDATES ON THE F-35 JOINT STRIKE FIGHTER 
                   PROGRAM.

       (a) In General.--Beginning not later than October 1, 2018, 
     and on a quarterly basis thereafter through October 1, 2024, 
     the Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and 
     Sustainment shall provide to the congressional

[[Page S4069]]

     defense committees a briefing on the progress of the F-35 
     Joint Strike Fighter program.
       (b) Elements.--Each briefing under subsection (a) shall 
     include, with respect to the F-35 Joint Strike Fighter 
     program, the following elements:
       (1) An overview of the program schedule.
       (2) A description of each contract awarded under the 
     program, including a description of the type of contract and 
     the status of the contract.
       (3) An assessment of the status of the program with respect 
     to--
       (A) modernization;
       (B) modification;
       (C) testing;
       (D) delivery;
       (E) sustainment; and
       (F) program management.

     SEC. 153. AUTHORITY TO PROCURE ADDITIONAL POLAR-CLASS 
                   ICEBREAKERS.

       Section 122 of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
     Fiscal Year 2018 (Public Law 115-91) is amended--
       (1) in the section heading, by striking ``icebreaker 
     vessel'' and inserting ``authorization to procure up to six 
     polar-class icebreakers'';
       (2) by striking subsections (a) and (b);
       (3) by inserting before subsection (c) the following new 
     subsection:
       ``(a) Authority To Procure Icebreakers.--The Secretary of 
     the department in which the Coast Guard is operating may, in 
     consultation with the Secretary of the Navy, enter into a 
     contract or contracts for the procurement of up to six polar-
     class icebreakers, including--
       ``(1) polar-class heavy icebreakers; and
       ``(2) polar-class medium icebreakers.'';
       (4) by redesignating subsections (c) and (d) as subsections 
     (b) and (c), respectively; and
       (5) in paragraph (1) of subsection (b), as redesignated by 
     paragraph (4) of this section, by striking ``subsection 
     (a)(1)'' and inserting ``subsection (a)''.

         TITLE II--RESEARCH, DEVELOPMENT, TEST, AND EVALUATION

              Subtitle A--Authorization of Appropriations

     SEC. 201. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

       Funds are hereby authorized to be appropriated for fiscal 
     year 2019 for the use of the Department of Defense for 
     research, development, test, and evaluation, as specified in 
     the funding table in section 4201.

    Subtitle B--Program Requirements, Restrictions, and Limitations

     SEC. 211. CODIFICATION AND REAUTHORIZATION OF DEFENSE 
                   RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT RAPID INNOVATION 
                   PROGRAM.

       (a) Codification.--
       (1) In general.--Chapter 139 of title 10, United States 
     Code, is amended by inserting after section 2359 the 
     following new section:

     ``Sec. 2359a. Defense Research and Development Rapid 
       Innovation Program

       ``(a) Program Established.--(1) The Secretary of Defense 
     shall establish a competitive, merit-based program to 
     accelerate the fielding of technologies developed pursuant to 
     phase II Small Business Innovation Research Program projects, 
     technologies developed by the defense laboratories, and other 
     innovative technologies (including dual use technologies).
       ``(2) The purpose of this program is to stimulate 
     innovative technologies and reduce acquisition or lifecycle 
     costs, address technical risks, improve the timeliness and 
     thoroughness of test and evaluation outcomes, and rapidly 
     insert such products directly in support of primarily major 
     defense acquisition programs, but also other defense 
     acquisition programs that meet critical national security 
     needs.
       ``(b) Guidelines.--The Secretary shall issue guidelines for 
     the operation of the program. At a minimum such guidance 
     shall provide for the following:
       ``(1) The issuance of one or more broad agency 
     announcements or the use of any other competitive or merit-
     based processes by the Department of Defense for candidate 
     proposals in support of defense acquisition programs as 
     described in subsection (a).
       ``(2) The review of candidate proposals by the Department 
     of Defense and by each military department and the merit-
     based selection of the most promising cost-effective 
     proposals for funding through contracts, cooperative 
     agreements, and other transactions for the purposes of 
     carrying out the program.
       ``(3) The total amount of funding provided to any project 
     under the program from funding provided under subsection (d) 
     shall not exceed $3,000,000, unless the Secretary, or the 
     Secretary's designee, approves a larger amount of funding for 
     the project.
       ``(4) No project shall receive more than a total of two 
     years of funding under the program from funding provided 
     under subsection (d), unless the Secretary, or the 
     Secretary's designee, approves funding for any additional 
     year.
       ``(5) Mechanisms to facilitate transition of follow-on or 
     current projects carried out under the program into defense 
     acquisition programs, through the use of the authorities of 
     section 2302e of this title or such other authorities as may 
     be appropriate to conduct further testing, low rate 
     production, or full rate production of technologies developed 
     under the program.
       ``(6) Projects are selected using merit-based selection 
     procedures and the selection of projects is not subject to 
     undue influence by Congress or other Federal agencies.
       ``(c) Treatment Pursuant to Certain Congressional Rules.--
     Nothing in this section shall be interpreted to require or 
     enable any official of the Department of Defense to provide 
     funding under this section to any earmark as defined pursuant 
     to House Rule XXI, clause 9, or any congressionally directed 
     spending item as defined pursuant to Senate Rule XLIV, 
     paragraph 5.
       ``(d) Funding.--Subject to the availability of 
     appropriations for such purpose, the amounts authorized to be 
     appropriated for research, development, test, and evaluation 
     for a fiscal year may be used for such fiscal year for the 
     program established under subsection (a).
       ``(e) Transfer Authority.--(1) The Secretary may transfer 
     funds available for the program to the research, development, 
     test, and evaluation accounts of a military department, 
     defense agency, or the unified combatant command for special 
     operations forces pursuant to a proposal, or any part of a 
     proposal, that the Secretary determines would directly 
     support the purposes of the program.
       ``(2) The transfer authority provided in this subsection is 
     in addition to any other transfer authority available to the 
     Department of Defense.''.
       (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at the 
     beginning of chapter 139 of such title is amended by 
     inserting after the item relating to section 2359 the 
     following new item:

``2359a. Defense Research and Development Rapid Innovation Program.''.
       (b) Conforming Amendments.--
       (1) Repeal of old provision.--Section 1073 of the Ike 
     Skelton National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 
     2011 (Public Law 111-383; 10 U.S.C. 2359 note) is hereby 
     repealed.
       (2) Repeal of old table of contents item.--The table of 
     contents in section 2(b) of such Act is amended by striking 
     the item relating to section 1073.

     SEC. 212. PROCEDURES FOR RAPID REACTION TO EMERGING 
                   TECHNOLOGY.

       (a) Requirement to Establish Procedures.--Not later than 
     180 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, the 
     Under Secretary of Defense for Research and Engineering shall 
     prescribe procedures for the designation and development of 
     technologies that are--
       (1) urgently needed--
       (A) to react to a technological development of an adversary 
     of the United States; or
       (B) to respond to a significant and urgent emerging 
     technology; and
       (2) not receiving appropriate research funding or attention 
     from the Department of Defense.
       (b) Elements.--The procedures prescribed under subsection 
     (a) shall include the following:
       (1) A process for streamlined communications between the 
     Under Secretary, the Joint Chiefs of Staff, the commanders of 
     the combatant commands, the science and technology executives 
     within each military department, and the science and 
     technology community, including--
       (A) a process for the commanders of the combatant commands 
     and the Joint Chiefs of Staff to communicate their needs to 
     the science and technology community; and
       (B) a process for the science and technology community to 
     propose technologies that meet the needs communicated by the 
     combatant commands and the Joint Chiefs of Staff.
       (2) Procedures for the development of technologies proposed 
     pursuant to paragraph (1)(B), including--
       (A) a process for demonstrating performance of the proposed 
     technologies on a short timeline;
       (B) a process for developing a development strategy for a 
     technology, including integration into future budget years; 
     and
       (C) a process for making investment determinations based on 
     information obtained pursuant to subparagraphs (A) and (B).

     SEC. 213. ACTIVITIES ON IDENTIFICATION AND DEVELOPMENT OF 
                   ENHANCED PERSONAL PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT AGAINST 
                   BLAST INJURY.

       (a) Activities Required.--
       (1) In general.--During fiscal years 2019 and 2020, the 
     Secretary of the Army shall carry out a set of activities to 
     identify and develop personal equipment to provide enhanced 
     protection against injuries caused by blasts in combat and 
     training.
       (2) Action with dote.--The Secretary shall undertake all 
     actions required of the Secretary under this section jointly 
     with the Director of Operational Test and Evaluation.
       (b) Activities.--
       (1) Continuous evaluation process.--For purposes of the 
     activities required by subsection (a), the Secretary shall 
     establish a process to continuously solicit from government, 
     industry, academia, and other appropriate entities personal 
     protective equipment that is ready for testing and evaluation 
     in order to identify and evaluate equipment or clothing that 
     is more effective in protecting members of the Armed Forces 
     from the harmful effects of blast injuries, including 
     traumatic brain injuries, and would be suitable for expedited 
     procurement and fielding.
       (2) Goals.--The goals of the activities shall include:
       (A) Development of streamlined requirements for procurement 
     of personal protective equipment.
       (B) Appropriate testing of personal protective equipment 
     prior to procurement and fielding.
       (C) Development of expedited mechanisms for deployment of 
     effective personal protective equipment.
       (D) Identification of areas of research in which increased 
     investment has the potential to improve the quality of 
     personal protective equipment and the capability of the 
     industrial base to produce such equipment.
       (E) Such other goals as the Secretary considers 
     appropriate.
       (3) Partnerships for certain assessments.--As part of the 
     activities, the Secretary shall establish research 
     partnerships with appropriate academic institutions for 
     purposes of assessing the following:
       (A) The ability of various forms of personal protective 
     equipment to protect against common blast injuries, including 
     traumatic brain injuries.

[[Page S4070]]

       (B) The value of real-time data analytics to track the 
     effectiveness of various forms of personal protective 
     equipment to protect against common blast injuries, including 
     traumatic brain injuries.
       (C) The availability of commercial-off the-shelf personal 
     protective technology to protect against traumatic brain 
     injury resulting from blasts.
       (D) The extent to which the equipment determined through 
     the assessment to be most effective to protect against common 
     blast injuries is readily modifiable for different body types 
     and to provide lightweight material options to enhance 
     maneuverability.
       (c) Authorities.--In carrying out activities under 
     subsection (a), the Secretary may use any authority as 
     follows:
       (1) Experimental procurement authority under section 2373 
     of title 10, United States Code.
       (2) Other transactions authority under section 2371 and 
     2371b of title 10, United States Code.
       (3) Authority to award technology prizes under section 
     2374a of title 10, United States Code.
       (4) Authority under the Defense Acquisition Challenge 
     Program under section 2359b of title 10, United States Code.
       (5) Any other authority on acquisition, technology 
     transfer, and personnel management that the Secretary 
     considers appropriate.
       (d) Certain Treatment of Activities.--Any activities under 
     this section shall be deemed to have been through the use of 
     competitive procedures for the purposes of section 2304 of 
     title 10, United States Code.
       (e) On-going Assessment Following Activities.--After the 
     completion of activities under subsection (a), the Secretary 
     shall, on an on-going basis, do the following:
       (1) Evaluate the extent to which personal protective 
     equipment identified through the activities would--
       (A) enhance survivability of personnel from blasts in 
     combat and training; and
       (B) enhance prevention of brain damage, and reduction of 
     any resultant chronic brain dysfunction, from blasts in 
     combat and training.
       (2) In the case of personal protective equipment so 
     identified that would provide enhancements as described in 
     paragraph (1), estimate the costs that would be incurred to 
     procure such enhanced personal protective equipment, and 
     develop a schedule for the procurement of such equipment.
       (3) Estimate the potential health care cost savings that 
     would occur from expanded use of personal protective 
     equipment described in paragraph (2).
       (f) Reports.--
       (1) Initial report.--Not later than December 1, 2019, the 
     Secretary shall submit to the Committee on Armed Services of 
     the Senate and the House of Representatives a report on the 
     activities under subsection (a) as of the date of the report.
       (2) Final report.--Not later than December 1, 2020, the 
     Secretary shall submit to the committees of Congress referred 
     to in paragraph (1) a report on the activities under this 
     section, including the following:
       (A) The results of the evaluation under subsection (e)(1).
       (B) The estimate of costs and schedules under subsection 
     (e)(2).
       (g) Funding.--Of the amount authorized to be appropriated 
     for fiscal year 2019 for the Department of Defense by section 
     201, up to $10,000,000 may be available to carry out this 
     section.

     SEC. 214. HUMAN FACTORS MODELING AND SIMULATION ACTIVITIES.

       (a) Activities Required.--The Secretary of the Army shall 
     develop and provide for the carrying out of human factors 
     modeling and simulation activities designed to do the 
     following:
       (1) Provide warfighters and civilians with personalized 
     assessment, education, and training tools.
       (2) Identify and implement effective ways to interface and 
     team warfighters with machines.
       (3) Result in the use of intelligent, adaptive augmentation 
     to enhance decision making.
       (4) Result in the development of techniques, technologies, 
     and practices to mitigate critical stressors that impede 
     warfighter and civilian protection, sustainment, and 
     performance.
       (b) Purpose.--The overall purpose of the activities shall 
     be to accelerate research and development that enhances 
     capabilities for human performance, human-systems 
     integration, and training for the warfighter.
       (c) Participants in Activities.--Participants in the 
     activities may include the following:
       (1) Elements of the Department of Defense engaged in 
     science and technology activities.
       (2) Program Executive Offices of the Department.
       (3) Academia.
       (4) The private sector.
       (5) Such other participants as the Secretary considers 
     appropriate.
       (d) Execution.--The Secretary shall carry out this section 
     through the Army Futures Command, the Army Research 
     Institute, or such other component of the Department of the 
     Army as the Secretary considers appropriate.

     SEC. 215. EXPANSION OF MISSION AREAS SUPPORTED BY MECHANISMS 
                   FOR EXPEDITED ACCESS TO TECHNICAL TALENT AND 
                   EXPERTISE AT ACADEMIC INSTITUTIONS.

       Section 217(e) of the National Defense Authorization Act 
     for Fiscal Year 2018 (Public Law 115-91; 10 U.S.C. 2358 note) 
     is amended--
       (1) by redesignating paragraph (23) as paragraph (27); and
       (2) by inserting after paragraph (22) the following new 
     paragraphs:
       ``(23) Space.
       ``(24) Infrastructure resilience.
       ``(25) Photonics.
       ``(26) Autonomy.''.

     SEC. 216. ADVANCED MANUFACTURING ACTIVITIES.

       (a) Designation.--The Under Secretary of Defense for 
     Acquisition and Sustainment and the Under Secretary of 
     Defense for Research and Engineering shall jointly, in 
     coordination with Secretaries of the military departments, 
     establish not less than three activities to demonstrate 
     advanced manufacturing techniques and capabilities at depot-
     level activities or military arsenal facilities of the 
     military departments.
       (b) Purposes.--The activities established pursuant to 
     subsection (a) shall--
       (1) support efforts to implement advanced manufacturing 
     techniques and capabilities;
       (2) identify improvements to sustainment methods for 
     component parts and other logistics needs;
       (3) identify and implement appropriate information security 
     protections to ensure security of advanced manufacturing;
       (4) aid in the procurement of advanced manufacturing 
     equipment and support services; and
       (5) enhance partnerships between the defense industrial 
     base and Department of Defense laboratories, academic 
     institutions, and industry.
       (c) Cooperative Agreements and Partnerships.--
       (1) In general.--The Under Secretaries may enter into a 
     cooperative agreement and use public-private and public-
     public partnerships to facilitate development of advanced 
     manufacturing techniques in support of the defense industrial 
     base.
       (2) Requirements.--A cooperative agreement entered into 
     under paragraph (1) and a partnership used under such 
     paragraph shall facilitate--
       (A) development and implementation of advanced 
     manufacturing techniques and capabilities;
       (B) appropriate sharing of information in the adaptation of 
     advanced manufacturing, including technical data rights; and
       (C) implementation of appropriate information security 
     protections into advanced manufacturing tools and techniques.
       (d) Authorities.--In carrying out this section, the Under 
     Secretaries may use the following authorities:
       (1) Section 2196 of title 10, United States Code, relating 
     to the Manufacturing Engineering Education Program.
       (2) Section 2368 of such title, relating to centers for 
     science, technology, and engineering partnership.
       (3) Section 2374a of such title, relating to prizes for 
     advanced technology achievements.
       (4) Section 2474 of such title, relating to centers of 
     industrial and technical excellence.
       (5) Section 2521 of such title, relating to the 
     Manufacturing Technology Program.
       (6) Section 12 of the Stevenson-Wydler Technology 
     Innovation Act of 1980 (15 U.S.C. 3710a) and section 6305 of 
     title 31, United States Code, relating to cooperative 
     research and development agreements.
       (7) Such other authorities as the Under Secretaries 
     considers appropriate.

     SEC. 217. NATIONAL SECURITY INNOVATION ACTIVITIES.

       (a) Establishment.--The Under Secretary of Defense for 
     Research and Engineering shall establish activities to 
     develop interaction between the Department of Defense and the 
     commercial technology industry and academia with regard to 
     emerging hardware products and technologies with national 
     security applications.
       (b) Elements.--The activities required by subsection (a) 
     shall include the following:
       (1) Informing and encouraging private investment in 
     specific hardware technologies of interest to future defense 
     technology needs with unique national security applications.
       (2) Funding research and technology development in critical 
     hardware-based defense sectors, specifically 
     microelectromechanical systems, processing components, 
     micromachinery, and materials science that private industry 
     has not supported sufficiently to meet rapidly emerging 
     national security needs.
       (3) Developing and executing policies and actions to deter 
     strategic acquisition of industrial and technical 
     capabilities in the private sector by foreign entities that 
     could potentially exclude companies from participating in the 
     Department of Defense technology and industrial base.
       (4) Identifying promising emerging technology in industry 
     and academia for the Department of Defense for potential 
     support or research and development cooperation.
       (c) Transfer of Personnel and Resources.--
       (1) In general.--Subject to paragraph (2), the Under 
     Secretary may transfer such personnel, resources, and 
     authorities as the Under Secretary considers appropriate to 
     carry out the activities established under subsection (a) 
     from other elements of the Department.
       (2) Certification.--The Under Secretary may only make a 
     transfer of personnel, resources, or authorities under 
     paragraph (1) upon certification by the Under Secretary that 
     the activities established under paragraph (a) can attract 
     sufficient private sector investment, has personnel with 
     sufficient technical and management expertise, and has 
     identified relevant technologies and systems for potential 
     investment in order to carry out the activities established 
     under subsection (a), independent of further government 
     funding beyond this authorization.
       (d) Establishment of Nonprofit Entity.--The Under Secretary 
     may establish or fund a nonprofit entity to carry out the 
     program activities under subsection (a).
       (e) Plan.--
       (1) In general.--Not later than one year after the date of 
     the enactment of this Act, the Under Secretary shall submit 
     to the congressional defense committees a detailed plan to 
     carry out this section.
       (2) Elements.--The plan required by paragraph (1) shall 
     include the following:

[[Page S4071]]

       (A) A description of the additional authorities needed to 
     carry out the activities set forth in subsection (b).
       (B) Plans for transfers under subsection (c), including 
     plans for private fund-matching and investment mechanisms, 
     oversight, treatment of rights relating to technical data 
     developed, and relevant dates and goals of such transfers.
       (C) Plans for attracting the participation of the 
     commercial technology industry and academia and how those 
     plans fit into the current Department of Defense research and 
     engineering enterprise.
       (f) Authorities.--In carrying out this section, the Under 
     Secretary may use the following authorities:
       (1) Section 1711 of the National Defense Authorization Act 
     for Fiscal Year 2018 (Public Law 115-91), relating to a pilot 
     program on strengthening manufacturing in the defense 
     industrial base.
       (2) Section 1599g of title 10 of the United States Code, 
     relating to public-private talent exchanges.
       (3) Section 2368 of such title, relating to Centers for 
     Science, Technology, and Engineering Partnerships.
       (4) Section 2374a of such title, relating to prizes for 
     advanced technology achievements.
       (5) Section 2474 of such title, relating to Centers of 
     Industrial and Technical Excellence.
       (6) Section 2521 of such title, relating to the 
     Manufacturing Technology Program.
       (7) Subchapter VI of chapter 33 of title 5, United States 
     Code, relating to assignments to and from States.
       (8) Chapter 47 of such title, relating to personnel 
     research programs and demonstration projects.
       (9) Section 12 of the Stevenson-Wydler Technology 
     Innovation Act of 1980 (15 U.S.C. 3710a) and section 6305 of 
     title 31, United States Code, relating to cooperative 
     research and development agreements.
       (10) Such other authorities as the Under Secretary 
     considers appropriate.
       (g) Funding.--Of the amount authorized to be appropriated 
     for fiscal year 2019 for the Department of Defense by section 
     201 and subject to the availability of appropriations, up to 
     $150,000,000 may be available to carry out this section.

     SEC. 218. PARTNERSHIP INTERMEDIARIES FOR PROMOTION OF DEFENSE 
                   RESEARCH AND EDUCATION.

       Section 2368 of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
       (1) by redesignating subsections (f) and (g) as subsections 
     (g) and (h), respectively; and
       (2) by inserting after subsection (e) the following new 
     subsection (f):
       ``(f) Use of Partnership Intermediaries to Promote Defense 
     Research and Education.--(1) Subject to the approval of the 
     Secretary or the head of the another department or agency of 
     the Federal Government concerned, the Director of a Center 
     may enter into a contract, memorandum of understanding or 
     other transition with a partnership intermediary that 
     provides for the partnership intermediary to perform services 
     for the Department of Defense that increase the likelihood of 
     success in the conduct of cooperative or joint activities of 
     the Center with industry or academic institutions.
       ``(2) In this subsection, the term `partnership 
     intermediary' means an agency of a State or local government, 
     or a nonprofit entity owned in whole or in part by, chartered 
     by, funded in whole or in part by, or operated in whole or in 
     part by or on behalf of a State or local government, that 
     assists, counsels, advises, evaluates, or otherwise 
     cooperates with industry or academic institutions that need 
     or can make demonstrably productive use of technology-related 
     assistance from a Center.''.

     SEC. 219. LIMITATION ON USE OF FUNDS FOR SURFACE NAVY LASER 
                   WEAPON SYSTEM.

       (a) Limitation.--None of the funds authorized to be 
     appropriated or otherwise made available by this Act may be 
     used to exceed a procurement quantity of one Surface Navy 
     Laser Weapon System, also known as the High Energy Laser and 
     Integrated Optical-dazzler with Surveillance (HELIOS), per 
     fiscal year, unless the Secretary of the Navy submits to the 
     congressional defense committees a report on such system with 
     the elements set forth in subsection (b).
       (b) Elements.--The elements set forth in this subsection 
     are, with respect to the system described in subsection (a), 
     the following:
       (1) A document setting forth the requirements for the 
     system, including desired performance characteristics.
       (2) An acquisition plan that includes the following:
       (A) A program schedule to accomplish design completion, 
     technology maturation, risk reduction, and other activities, 
     including dates of key design reviews (such as Preliminary 
     Design Review and Critical Design Review) and program 
     initiation decision (such as Milestone B) if applicable.
       (B) A contracting strategy, including requests for 
     proposals, the extent to which contracts will be 
     competitively awarded, option years, option quantities, 
     option prices, and ceiling prices.
       (C) The fiscal years of procurement and delivery for each 
     engineering development model, prototype, or similar unit 
     planned to be acquired.
       (D) A justification for the fiscal years of procurement and 
     delivery for each engineering development model, prototype, 
     or similar unit planned to be acquired.
       (3) A test plan and schedule sufficient to achieve 
     operational effectiveness and operational suitability 
     determinations (such as Early Operational Capability and 
     Initial Operational Capability) related to the requirements 
     set forth in paragraph (1).
       (4) Associated funding and item quantities, disaggregated 
     by fiscal year and appropriation, requested in the Fiscal 
     Year 2019 Future Years Defense Program.
       (5) An estimate of the acquisition costs, including the 
     total costs for procurement, research, development, test, and 
     evaluation.

     SEC. 220. EXPANSION OF COORDINATION REQUIREMENT FOR SUPPORT 
                   FOR NATIONAL SECURITY INNOVATION AND 
                   ENTREPRENEURIAL EDUCATION.

       Section 225(e) of the National Defense Authorization Act 
     for Fiscal Year 2018 (Public Law 115-91) is amended by adding 
     at the end the following new paragraph:
       ``(16) The National Security Technology Accelerator.''.

     SEC. 221. LIMITATION ON FUNDING FOR AMPHIBIOUS COMBAT VEHICLE 
                   1.2.

       None of the funds authorized by this Act or otherwise made 
     available for the Marine Corps for fiscal year 2019 for the 
     development of Amphibious Combat Vehicle 1.2 may be obligated 
     or expended until the Secretary of Defense has submitted to 
     the congressional defense committees--
       (1) the report required under subsection (b) of section 
     1041; or
       (2) the information required under paragraph (5) of such 
     subsection.

     SEC. 222. DEFENSE QUANTUM INFORMATION SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY 
                   RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT PROGRAM.

       (a) Establishment.--The Secretary of Defense shall carry 
     out a quantum information science and technology research and 
     development program.
       (b) Purposes.--The purposes of the program required by 
     subsection (a) are as follows:
       (1) To ensure global superiority of the United States in 
     quantum information science necessary for meeting national 
     security requirements.
       (2) To coordinate all quantum information science and 
     technology research and development within the Department of 
     Defense and to provide for interagency cooperation and 
     collaboration on quantum information science and technology 
     research and development between the Department of Defense 
     and other departments and agencies of the United States and 
     appropriate private sector entities that are involved in 
     quantum information science and technology research and 
     development.
       (3) To develop and manage a portfolio of fundamental and 
     applied quantum information science and technology and 
     engineering research initiatives that is stable, consistent, 
     and balanced across scientific disciplines.
       (4) To accelerate the transition and deployment of 
     technologies and concepts derived from quantum information 
     science and technology research and development into the 
     Armed Forces, and to establish policies, procedures, and 
     standards for measuring the success of such efforts.
       (5) To collect, synthesize, and disseminate critical 
     information on quantum information science and technology 
     research and development.
       (6) To establish and support appropriate research, 
     innovation, and industrial base, including facilities and 
     infrastructure, to support the needs of Department of Defense 
     missions and systems related to quantum information science 
     and technology.
       (c) Administration.--In carrying out the program required 
     by subsection (a), the Secretary shall act through the Under 
     Secretary of Defense for Research and Engineering, who shall 
     supervise the planning, management, and coordination of the 
     program. The Under Secretary, in consultation with the 
     Secretaries of the military departments and the heads of 
     participating Defense Agencies and other departments and 
     agencies of the United States, shall--
       (1) prescribe a set of long-term challenges and a set of 
     specific technical goals for the program, including--
       (A) optimization of analysis of national security data 
     sets;
       (B) design of new materials and molecular functions;
       (C) secure communications and cryptography;
       (D) quantum sensing and metrology;
       (E) development of mathematics to support defense missions 
     related to quantum-based encryption techniques; and
       (F) processing and manufacturing of low-cost, robust, and 
     reliable quantum information science and technology-enabled 
     devices and systems;
       (2) develop a coordinated and integrated research and 
     investment plan for meeting the near-, mid-, and long-term 
     challenges with definitive milestones while achieving the 
     specific technical goals that builds upon the Department's 
     increased investment in quantum information science and 
     technology research and development, commercial sector and 
     global investments, and other United States Government 
     investments in the quantum sciences;
       (3) not later than 180 days after the date of the enactment 
     of this Act, develop and continuously update guidance, 
     including classification and data management plans for 
     defense-related quantum information science and technology 
     activities, and policies for control of personnel 
     participating on such activities to minimize the effects of 
     loss of intellectual property in basic and applied quantum 
     science and information considered sensitive to the 
     leadership of the United States in the field of quantum 
     computing; and
       (4) develop memoranda of agreement, joint funding 
     agreements, and other cooperative arrangements necessary for 
     meeting the long-term challenges and achieving the specific 
     technical goals.
       (d) Report.--Not later than December 31, 2020, the Under 
     Secretary of Defense for Research and Engineering shall 
     submit to the congressional defense committees a report on 
     the program, in both classified and unclassified format.

[[Page S4072]]

  


     SEC. 223. JOINT DIRECTED ENERGY TEST ACTIVITIES.

       (a) Test Activities.--The Under Secretary of Defense for 
     Research and Engineering shall develop, establish, and 
     coordinate directed energy testing activities adequate to 
     ensure the achievement by the Department of Defense of goals 
     of the Department for developing and deploying directed 
     energy systems to match national security needs.
       (b) Elements.--The activity established under subsection 
     (a) shall include the following:
       (1) The High Energy Laser System Test Facility of the Army 
     Test and Evaluation Command.
       (2) Such other test resources and activities as the Under 
     Secretary may designate for purposes of this section.
       (c) Designation.--The test activities established under 
     subsection (a) shall be considered part of the Major Range 
     and Test Facility Base (as defined in 196(i) of title 10, 
     United States Code).
       (d) Direction and Control.--The conduct of testing 
     activities under subsection (a) shall be subject to 
     authority, direction, and control of the Under Secretary in 
     the Under Secretary's capacity as the official with principal 
     responsibility for the development and demonstration of 
     directed energy weapons for the Department pursuant to 
     section 219(a)(1) of the National Defense Authorization Act 
     for Fiscal Year 2017 (10 U.S.C. 2431 note).
       (e) Prioritization of Effort.--In developing and 
     coordinating testing activities pursuant to subsection (a), 
     the Under Secretary shall prioritize efforts consistent with 
     the following:
       (1) Paragraphs (2) through (5) of section 219(a) of the 
     National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017 (10 
     U.S.C. 2431 note).
       (2) Enabling the standardized collection and evaluation of 
     testing data to establish testing references and benchmarks.
       (3) Concentrating sufficient personnel expertise of 
     directed energy weapon systems in order to validate the 
     effectiveness of new weapon systems against a variety of 
     targets.
       (4) Consolidating modern state-of-the-art testing 
     infrastructure including telemetry, sensors, and optics to 
     support advanced technology testing and evaluation.
       (5) Formulating a joint lethality or vulnerability 
     information repository that can be accessed by any of the 
     military departments of Defense Agencies, similar to a Joint 
     Munitions Effectiveness Manuals (JMEMs).
       (6) Reducing duplication of directed energy weapon testing.
       (7) Ensuring that an adequate workforce and adequate 
     testing facilities are maintained to support missions of the 
     Department of Defense.

     SEC. 224. REQUIREMENT FOR ESTABLISHMENT OF ARRANGEMENTS FOR 
                   EXPEDITED ACCESS TO TECHNICAL TALENT AND 
                   EXPERTISE AT ACADEMIC INSTITUTIONS TO SUPPORT 
                   DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE MISSIONS.

       (a) In General.--Subsection (a)(1) of section 217 of the 
     National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2018 
     (Public Law 115-91) is amended by striking ``may'' and 
     inserting ``shall''.
       (b) Extension.--Subsection (f) of such section is amended 
     by striking ``September 30, 2020'' and inserting ``September 
     30, 2022''.

     SEC. 225. AUTHORITY FOR JOINT DIRECTED ENERGY TRANSITION 
                   OFFICE TO CONDUCT RESEARCH RELATING TO HIGH 
                   POWERED MICROWAVE CAPABILITIES.

       Section 219(b)(3) of the National Defense Authorization Act 
     for Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328; 10 U.S.C. 2431 
     note) is amended by inserting ``, including high-powered 
     microwaves,'' after ``energy systems and technologies''.

     SEC. 226. JOINT ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE RESEARCH, 
                   DEVELOPMENT, AND TRANSITION ACTIVITIES.

       (a) Establishment.--
       (1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense shall establish a 
     set of activities within the Department of Defense to 
     coordinate the efforts of the Department to develop, mature, 
     and transition artificial intelligence technologies into 
     operational use.
       (2) Emphasis.--The set of activities established under 
     paragraph (1) shall apply artificial intelligence and machine 
     learning solutions to operational problems and coordinate 
     activities involving artificial intelligence and artificial 
     intelligence enabled capabilities within the Department.
       (b) Designation.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
     the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall 
     designate a senior official of the Department of Defense with 
     principal responsibility for the coordination of activities 
     relating to the development and demonstration of artificial 
     intelligence and machine learning for the Department.
       (c) Duties.--The duties of the official designated under 
     subsection (b) shall include the following:
       (1) Strategic plan.--Developing a detailed strategic plan 
     to develop, mature, adopt, and transition artificial 
     intelligence technologies into operational use. Such plan 
     shall include the following:
       (A) A strategic roadmap for the identification and 
     coordination of the development and fielding of artificial 
     intelligence technologies and key enabling capabilities.
       (B) The continuous evaluation and adaptation of relevant 
     artificial intelligence capabilities developed both inside 
     the Department and in other organizations for military 
     missions.
       (2) Acceleration of development and fielding of artificial 
     intelligence.--To the degree practicable, the designated 
     official shall--
       (A) use the flexibility of regulations, personnel, or other 
     relevant policies of the Department to accelerate the 
     development and fielding of artificial intelligence 
     capabilities;
       (B) ensure engagement with defense and private industries, 
     research universities, and unaffiliated, nonprofit research 
     institutions;
       (C) provide technical advice and support to entities in the 
     Department of Defense and the military departments to 
     optimize the use of artificial intelligence and machine 
     learning technologies to meet Department missions;
       (D) support the development of requirements for artificial 
     intelligence capabilities that address the highest priority 
     capability gaps of the Department and technical feasibility;
       (E) develop and support capabilities for technical analysis 
     and assessment of threat capabilities based on artificial 
     intelligence;
       (F) ensure that the Department has appropriate workforce 
     and capabilities at laboratories, test ranges, and within the 
     organic defense industrial base to support the artificial 
     intelligence capabilities and requirements of the Department;
       (G) develop classification guidance for all artificial 
     intelligence related activities of the Department;
       (H) work with appropriate officials to develop appropriate 
     ethical, legal, and other policies for the Department 
     governing the development and use of artificial intelligence 
     enabled systems and technologies in operational situations; 
     and
       (I) ensure--
       (i) that artificial intelligence programs of each military 
     department and of the Defense Agencies are consistent with 
     the priorities identified under this section; and
       (ii) appropriate coordination of artificial intelligence 
     activities of the Department with interagency, industry, and 
     international efforts relating to artificial intelligence, 
     including relevant participation in standards setting bodies.
       (d) Access to Information.--The Secretary of Defense shall 
     ensure that the official designated under subsection (b) has 
     access to such information on programs and activities of the 
     military departments and other Defense Agencies as the 
     Secretary considers appropriate to carry out the coordination 
     described in subsection (b) and the duties set forth in 
     subsection (c).
       (e) Study on Artificial Intelligence Topics.--
       (1) In general.--Not later than one year after the date of 
     the enactment of this Act, the official designated under 
     subsection (b) shall--
       (A) complete a study on the future of artificial 
     intelligence in the context of the missions of the 
     Department; and
       (B) submit to the congressional defense committees a report 
     on the findings of the designated official with respect to 
     the study completed under subparagraph (A).
       (2) Consultation with experts.--In conducting the study 
     required by paragraph (1)(A), the designated official shall 
     consult with experts within the Department, other Federal 
     agencies, academia, and the commercial sector, as the 
     Secretary considers appropriate.
       (3) Elements.--The study required by paragraph (1)(A) shall 
     include the following:
       (A) A comprehensive and national-level review of advances 
     in artificial intelligence and machine learning, and 
     associated technologies relevant to the needs of the 
     Department and the Armed Forces.
       (B) Near-term actionable recommendations to the Secretary, 
     including ways to more effectively organize the Department 
     for artificial intelligence and most effectively leverage 
     academic and commercial progress in these technologies.
       (C) Recommendations for engagement by the Department with 
     relevant agencies that will be involved with artificial 
     intelligence in the future.

                 Subtitle C--Reports and Other Matters

     SEC. 231. REPORT ON COMPARATIVE CAPABILITIES OF ADVERSARIES 
                   IN KEY TECHNOLOGY AREAS.

       (a) In General.--Not later than 90 days after the date of 
     the enactment of this Act, the Director of the Defense 
     Intelligence Agency shall submit to the Committees on Armed 
     Services of the Senate and the House of Representatives a 
     report that sets forth a direct comparison between the 
     capabilities of the United States in emerging technology 
     areas (such as hypersonics, artificial intelligence, quantum 
     information science, and directed energy weapons) and the 
     capabilities of adversaries of the United States in such 
     areas.
       (b) Elements.--The report required by subsection (a) shall 
     include, for each technology covered by such report, the 
     following:
       (1) An evaluation of spending by the United States and 
     adversaries on such technology.
       (2) An evaluation of the quantity and quality of research 
     on such technology.
       (3) An evaluation of the test infrastructure and workforce 
     supporting such technology.
       (4) An assessment of the technological progress of the 
     United States and adversaries on such technology.
       (5) Descriptions of timelines for operational deployment of 
     such technology.
       (6) An assessment of the intent or willingness of 
     adversaries to use such technology.
       (c) Coordination.--The Director shall prepare the report in 
     coordination with other appropriate officials of the 
     intelligence community and with such other partners in the 
     technology areas covered by the report as the Director 
     considers appropriate.

     SEC. 232. REPORT ON ACTIVE PROTECTION SYSTEMS FOR ARMORED 
                   COMBAT AND TACTICAL VEHICLES.

       (a) Report Required.--Not later than 60 days after the date 
     of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of the Army shall 
     submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and 
     the House of Representatives a report on technologies related 
     to active protection systems (APS) for armored combat and 
     tactical vehicles.
       (b) Contents.--The report required by subsection (a) shall 
     include the following:

[[Page S4073]]

       (1) With respect to the active protection systems that the 
     Army has recently tested on the M1A2 Abrams, the M2A3 
     Bradley, and the STRYKER, the following:
       (A) An assessment of the effectiveness of such systems.
       (B) Plans of the Secretary to further test such systems.
       (C) Proposals for future development of such systems.
       (D) A timeline for fielding such systems.
       (2) Plans for how the Army will incorporate active 
     protection systems into new armored combat and tactical 
     vehicle designs, such as Mobile Protection Firepower (MPF), 
     Armored Multi-Purpose Vehicle (AMPV), and Next Generation 
     Combat Vehicle (NGCV).

     SEC. 233. NEXT GENERATION COMBAT VEHICLE.

       (a) Prototype.--The Secretary of the Army shall take 
     appropriate actions to ensure that the Tank Automotive, 
     Research, Development, and Engineering Center (TARDEC) of the 
     Army is provided the resources, including funds and 
     acquisition authorities, necessary to build a prototype for 
     the Next Generation Combat Vehicle (NGCV).
       (b) Report.--
       (1) In general.--Not later than 60 days after the date of 
     the enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall submit to the 
     Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of 
     Representatives a report on the development of the Next 
     Generation Combat Vehicle.
       (2) Analysis.--
       (A) In general.--The report required by paragraph (1) shall 
     include a thorough analysis of the requirements of the Next 
     Generation Combat Vehicle.
       (B) Relevance to national defense strategy.--In carrying 
     out subparagraph (A), the Secretary shall ensure that the 
     requirements are relevant to the most recently published 
     National Defense Strategy.
       (C) Threats and terrain.--The Secretary shall ensure that 
     the analysis includes consideration of threats and terrain.
       (D) Component technologies.--The Secretary shall ensure 
     that the analysis includes consideration of the latest 
     enabling component technologies that have the potential to 
     dramatically change basic combat vehicle design and improve 
     lethality, protection, mobility, range, and sustainment.
       (c) Limitation.--Of the funds authorized to be appropriated 
     for fiscal year 2019 by section 201 and available for 
     research, development, testing, and evaluation, Army, for the 
     Next Generation Combat Vehicle, not more than 50 percent may 
     be obligated or expended until the Secretary submits the 
     report required by subsection (b).

     SEC. 234. REPORT ON THE FUTURE OF THE DEFENSE RESEARCH AND 
                   ENGINEERING ENTERPRISE.

       (a) Report Required.--Not later than one year after the 
     date of the enactment of this Act, the Under Secretary of 
     Defense for Research and Engineering shall submit to the 
     Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of 
     Representatives a report setting forth recommendations on the 
     future of the defense research and engineering enterprise, 
     including such recommendations for legislative or 
     administrative action as the Under Secretary considers 
     appropriate in light of the anticipated future of the defense 
     research and engineering enterprise.
       (b) Focus.--The recommendations under subsection (a) shall 
     focus on enabling the success of the defense research and 
     engineering enterprise in the current environment of 
     strategic competition.
       (c) Defense Research and Engineering Enterprise.--For 
     purposes of subsection (a), the defense research and 
     engineering enterprise shall consist of the following:
       (1) The science and technology elements of the military 
     departments.
       (2) The Department of Defense laboratories
       (3) The test ranges and facilities of the Department.
       (4) The Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA).
       (5) The Defense Innovation Unit Experimental (DIU(x)).
       (6) The Strategic Capabilities Office of the Department.
       (7) The Small Business Innovation Research Program of the 
     Department.
       (8) Such other elements, offices, programs, and activities 
     of the Department as the Under Secretary considers 
     appropriate for purposes of the this section.
       (d) Particular Recommendations.--The recommendations under 
     subsection (a) shall include recommendations on the 
     following:
       (1) Portfolio management and coordination of research and 
     development activities across the military departments and 
     the defense research and engineering enterprise, including 
     management and activities across the enterprise.
       (2) Workforce management, recruitment, retention, and 
     shaping.
       (3) Facilities and research and test infrastructure.
       (4) Relationships with academia, the acquisition community, 
     the operational community, and the commercial sector.
       (5) Governance.
       (e) Comparisons.--For purposes of making recommendations 
     under subsection (a), the Under Secretary shall conduct a 
     comparison of the defense research and engineering enterprise 
     of the United States, namely processes, test infrastructure, 
     and workforce, with the defense research and engineering 
     enterprises of other countries and the private sector.
       (f) Consultation and Comments.--In making recommendations 
     under subsection (a), the Under Secretary shall consult with 
     and seek comments from groups and entities relevant to the 
     recommendations, such as the military departments, the 
     combatant commands, the Defense Innovation Board, the Defense 
     Science Board, the Defense Business Board, the federally 
     funded research and development centers (FFRDCs), and 
     commercial partners of the Department of Defense (including 
     small business concerns).

     SEC. 235. MODIFICATION OF REPORTS ON MECHANISMS TO PROVIDE 
                   FUNDS TO DEFENSE LABORATORIES FOR RESEARCH AND 
                   DEVELOPMENT OF TECHNOLOGIES FOR MILITARY 
                   MISSIONS.

       Subsection (c) of section 2363 of title 10, United States 
     Code, is amended to read as follows:
       ``(c) Release and Dissemination of Information on 
     Contributions From Use of Authority to Military Missions.--
       ``(1) Collection of information.--The Secretary shall 
     establish and maintain mechanisms for the continuous 
     collection of information on achievements, best practices 
     identified, lessons learned, and challenges arising in the 
     exercise of the authority in this section.
       ``(2) Release of information.--The Secretary shall 
     establish and maintain mechanisms as follows:
       ``(A) Mechanisms for the release to the public of 
     information on achievements and best practices described in 
     paragraph (1) in unclassified form.
       ``(B) Mechanisms for dissemination to appropriate civilian 
     and military officials of information on achievements and 
     best practices described in paragraph (1) in classified 
     form.''.

     SEC. 236. REPORT ON MOBILE PROTECTED FIREPOWER AND FUTURE 
                   VERTICAL LIFT.

       (a) In General.--Not later than 60 days after the date of 
     the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of the Army shall 
     submit to the Committee on Armed Services of the Senate and 
     the Committee on Armed Services of the House of 
     Representatives a report on the requirements of the Army for 
     Mobile Protected Firepower (MPF) and Future Vertical Lift 
     (FVL).
       (b) Contents.--The report submitted pursuant to subsection 
     (a) shall include the following:
       (1) An explanation of how Mobile Protected Firepower and 
     Future Vertical Lift could survive against the effects of 
     anti-armor and anti-aircraft networks established within 
     anti-access, area-denial defenses.
       (2) An explanation of how Mobile Protected Firepower and 
     Future Vertical Lift would improve offensive overmatch 
     against a peer adversary.
       (3) Details regarding the total number of Mobile Protected 
     Firepower and Future Vertical Lift systems needed by the 
     Army.
       (4) An explanation of how these systems will be 
     logistically supported within light formations.
       (5) Plans to integrate active protection systems into the 
     designs of such systems.

     SEC. 237. IMPROVEMENT OF THE AIR FORCE SUPPLY CHAIN.

       (a) In General.--The Assistant Secretary of the Air Force 
     for Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics may use funds 
     described in subsection (b) as follows:
       (1) For nontraditional technologies and sustainment 
     practices (such as additive manufacturing, artificial 
     intelligence, predictive maintenance, and other software-
     intensive and software-defined capabilities) to--
       (A) increase the availability of aircraft to the Air Force; 
     and
       (B) decrease backlogs and lead times for the production of 
     parts for such aircraft.
       (2) To advance the qualification, certification, and 
     integration of additive manufacturing into the Air Force 
     supply chain.
       (3) To otherwise identify and reduce supply chain risk for 
     the Air Force.
       (4) To define workforce development requirements and 
     training for personnel who implement and support additive 
     manufacturing for the Air Force at the warfighter, end-item 
     designer and equipment operator, and acquisition officer 
     levels.
       (b) Funding.--Of the amounts authorized to be appropriated 
     for fiscal year 2019 by section 201 for research, 
     development, test, and evaluation for the Air Force and 
     available for Tech Transition Program (Program Element 
     (0604858F)), up to $42,800,000 may be available as described 
     in subsection (a).

     SEC. 238. REVIEW OF GUIDANCE ON BLAST EXPOSURE DURING 
                   TRAINING.

       (a) Initial Review.--Not later than 180 days after the date 
     of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall 
     review the firing limits for heavy weapons during training 
     exercises.
       (b) Elements.--The review required by subsection (a) shall 
     take into account current data and evidence on the cognitive 
     effects of blast exposure and shall include consideration of 
     the following:
       (1) The impact of exposure over multiple successive days of 
     training.
       (2) The impact of multiple types of heavy weapons being 
     fired in close succession.
       (3) The feasibility of cumulative annual or lifetime 
     exposure limits.
       (4) The minimum safe distance for observers and 
     instructors.
       (c) Updated Training Guidance.--Not later than 180 days 
     after the date of the completion of the review under 
     subsection (a), each Secretary of a military department shall 
     update any relevant training guidance to account for the 
     conclusions of the review.
       (d) Updated Review.--
       (1) In general.--Not less frequently than once every two 
     years after the initial review conducted under subsection 
     (a), the Secretary of Defense shall conduct an updated review 
     under such subsection, including consideration of the matters 
     set forth under subsection (b), and update training guidance 
     under subsection (c).

[[Page S4074]]

       (2) Consideration of new research and evidence.--Each 
     updated review conducted under paragraph (1) shall take into 
     account new research and evidence that has emerged since the 
     previous review.
       (e) Briefing Required.--The Secretary of Defense shall 
     brief the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the 
     House of Representatives on a summary of the results of the 
     initial review under subsection (a), each updated review 
     conducted under subsection (d), and any updates to training 
     guidance and procedures resulting from any such review or 
     updated review.

     SEC. 239. LIST OF TECHNOLOGIES AND MANUFACTURING CAPABILITIES 
                   CRITICAL TO ARMED FORCES.

       (a) List Required.--The Secretary of Defense shall develop 
     a list of technologies and manufacturing capabilities 
     critical to the Armed Forces.
       (b) Primary Emphasis.--In developing such list, primary 
     emphasis shall be given to--
       (1) research, development, design, and manufacturing 
     expertise;
       (2) research, development, design, and manufacturing 
     equipment and unique facilities;
       (3) goods and services associated with or enabled by 
     research, development, operation, application, manufacturing, 
     or maintenance expertise, which are not possessed by 
     countries to which exports are controlled and which, if 
     exported or otherwise transferred, would permit a significant 
     advance in the military capabilities of any such country; and
       (4) emerging technology areas supportive of military 
     requirements and strategies.
       (c) Specificity.--The shall ensure that the list required 
     by subsection (a) is sufficiently specific to guide the 
     recommendations of the Secretary in any interagency 
     determinations on exercising export licensing, technology 
     transfer, or foreign investment.
       (d) Publication.--
       (1) In general.--Not later than December 31, 2019, the 
     Secretary shall publish the list required by subsection (a) 
     and continuously update such list thereafter as the Secretary 
     considers appropriate.
       (2) Form.--The list published under paragraph (1) shall be 
     published in unclassified form, but may include a classified 
     annex.

     SEC. 240. REPORT ON REQUIRING ACCESS TO DIGITAL TECHNICAL 
                   DATA IN FUTURE ACQUISITIONS OF COMBAT, COMBAT 
                   SERVICE, AND COMBAT SUPPORT SYSTEMS.

       Not later than 120 days after the date of the enactment of 
     this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the 
     congressional defense committees a report on the feasibility 
     and advisability of requiring access to digital technical 
     data in all future acquisitions by the Department of Defense 
     of combat, combat service, and combat support systems, 
     including front-end negotiations for such access. Such report 
     shall include a digital data standard for technical data for 
     use by equipment manufacturers and the Department with regard 
     to three-dimensional printed parts.

     SEC. 241. COMPETITIVE ACQUISITION STRATEGY FOR BRADLEY 
                   FIGHTING VEHICLE TRANSMISSION REPLACEMENT.

       (a) Plan Required.--The Secretary of the Army shall develop 
     a strategy to competitively procure a new transmission for 
     the Bradley Fighting Vehicle family of vehicles.
       (b) Additional Strategy Requirements.--The plan required by 
     subsection (a) shall include the following:
       (1) An analysis of the potential cost savings and 
     performance improvements associated with developing or 
     procuring a new transmission common to the Bradley Fighting 
     Vehicle family of vehicles, including the Armored 
     Multipurpose Vehicle and the Paladin Integrated Management 
     artillery system.
       (2) A plan to use full and open competition to the maximum 
     extent practicable.
       (c) Timeline.--Not later than February 15, 2019, the 
     Secretary of the Army shall submit to the congressional 
     defense committees the strategy developed under subsection 
     (a).
       (d) Limitation.--None of the funds authorized to be 
     appropriated for fiscal year 2019 by this Act for Weapons and 
     Tracked Combat Vehicles, Army, may be obligated or expended 
     to procure a Bradley Fighting Vehicle replacement 
     transmission until the date that is 30 days after the date on 
     which the Secretary of the Army submits to the congressional 
     defense committees the plan required by subsection (a).

     SEC. 242. INDEPENDENT ASSESSMENT OF ELECTRONIC WARFARE PLANS 
                   AND PROGRAMS.

       (a) Agreement.--
       (1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense shall seek to 
     enter into an agreement with the private scientific advisory 
     group known as ``JASON'' to perform the services covered by 
     this section.
       (2) Timing.--The Secretary shall seek to enter into the 
     agreement described in paragraph (1) not later than 120 days 
     after the date of the enactment of this Act.
       (b) Independent Assessment.--Under an agreement between the 
     Secretary and JASON under this section, JASON shall--
       (1) assess the strategies, programs, order of battle, and 
     doctrine of the United States related to the electronic 
     warfare mission area and electromagnetic spectrum operations;
       (2) assess the strategies, programs, order of battle, and 
     doctrine of potential adversaries, such as China, Iran, and 
     the Russian Federation, related to the same;
       (3) develop recommendations for improvements to the 
     strategies, programs, and doctrine of the United States in 
     order to enable the United States to achieve and maintain 
     superiority in the electromagnetic spectrum in future 
     conflicts; and
       (4) develop recommendations for the Secretary, Congress, 
     and such other Federal entities as JASON considers 
     appropriate, including recommendations for--
       (A) closing technical, policy, or resource gaps;
       (B) improving cooperation and appropriate integration among 
     Federal entities;
       (C) improving cooperation between the United States and 
     other countries and international organizations; and
       (D) such other important matters identified by JASON that 
     are directly relevant to the strategies of the United States 
     described in paragraph (3).
       (c) Liaisons.--The Secretary shall appoint appropriate 
     liaisons to JASON to support the timely conduct of the 
     services covered by this section.
       (d) Materials.--The Secretary shall provide access to JASON 
     to materials relevant to the services covered by this 
     section, consistent with the protection of sources and 
     methods and other critically sensitive information.
       (e) Clearances.--The Secretary shall ensure that 
     appropriate members and staff of JASON have the necessary 
     clearances, obtained in an expedited manner, to conduct the 
     services covered by this section.
       (f) Report.--Not later than October 1, 2019, the Secretary 
     shall submit to the congressional defense committees a report 
     on--
       (1) the findings of JASON with respect to the assessments 
     carried out under subsection (b); and
       (2) the recommendations developed by JASON pursuant to such 
     subsection.
       (g) Alternate Contract Scientific Organization.--
       (1) In general.--If the Secretary is unable within the 
     period prescribed in paragraph (2) of subsection (a) to enter 
     into an agreement described in paragraph (1) of such 
     subsection with JASON on terms acceptable to the Secretary, 
     the Secretary shall seek to enter into such agreement with 
     another appropriate scientific organization that--
       (A) is not part of the Government; and
       (B) has expertise and objectivity comparable to that of 
     JASON.
       (2) Treatment.--If the Secretary enters into an agreement 
     with another organization as described in paragraph (1), any 
     reference in this section to JASON shall be treated as a 
     reference to the other organization.

                  TITLE III--OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE

              Subtitle A--Authorization of Appropriations

     SEC. 301. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

       Funds are hereby authorized to be appropriated for fiscal 
     year 2019 for the use of the Armed Forces and other 
     activities and agencies of the Department of Defense for 
     expenses, not otherwise provided for, for operation and 
     maintenance, as specified in the funding table in section 
     4301.

                   Subtitle B--Energy and Environment

     SEC. 311. FURTHER IMPROVEMENTS TO ENERGY SECURITY AND 
                   RESILIENCE.

       (a) Energy Policy Authority.--Section 2911(b) of title 10, 
     United States Code, is amended--
       (1) by redesignating paragraphs (1), (2), and (3) as 
     paragraphs (3), (4), and (5), respectively; and
       (2) by inserting before paragraph (3), as so redesignated, 
     the following new paragraphs:
       ``(1) establish metrics and standards for the assessment of 
     energy resilience;
       ``(2) require the Secretary of a military department to 
     perform mission assurance and readiness assessments of energy 
     power systems for mission critical assets and supporting 
     infrastructure, applying uniform mission standards 
     established by the Secretary of Defense;''.
       (b) Reporting on Energy Security and Resilience Goals.--
     Section 2911(c) of title 10, United States Code, is amended 
     by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
       ``(3) The Secretary of Defense shall include the energy 
     security and resilience goals of the Department of Defense in 
     the installation energy report submitted under section 
     2925(a) of this title for fiscal year 2018 and every fiscal 
     year thereafter. In the development of energy security and 
     resilience goals, the Department of Defense shall conform 
     with the definitions of energy security and resilience under 
     this title. The report shall include the amount of critical 
     energy load, together with the level of availability and 
     reliability by fiscal year the Department of Defense deems 
     necessary to achieve energy security and resilience.''.
       (c) Reporting on Installations Energy Management, Energy 
     Resilience, and Mission Assurance.--Section 2925(a) of title 
     10, United States Code, is amended--
       (1) by inserting ``, including progress on energy 
     resilience at military installations according to metrics 
     developed by the Secretary'' after ``under section 2911 of 
     this title'';
       (2) in paragraph (3), by striking ``the mission 
     requirements associated with disruption tolerances based on 
     risk to mission'' and inserting ``the downtimes (in minutes 
     or hours) these missions can afford based on their mission 
     requirements and risk tolerances'';
       (3) in paragraph (4), by inserting ``(including critical 
     energy loads in megawatts and the associated downtime 
     tolerances for critical energy loads)'' after ``energy 
     requirements and critical energy requirements'';
       (4) by redesignating paragraph (5) as paragraph (7); and
       (5) by inserting after paragraph (4) the following new 
     paragraphs:
       ``(5) A list of energy resilience projects awarded by the 
     Department of Defense by military department and military 
     installation, whether appropriated or alternative financed 
     for the reporting fiscal year, including project description, 
     award date, the critical energy requirements serviced 
     (including critical energy loads

[[Page S4075]]

     in megawatts), expected reliability of the project (as 
     indicated in the awarded contract), life cycle costs, savings 
     to investment, fuel type, and the type of appropriation or 
     alternative financing used.
       ``(6) A list of energy resilience projects planned by the 
     Department of Defense by military department and military 
     installation, whether appropriated or alternative financed 
     for the next two fiscal years, including project description, 
     fuel type, expected award date, and the type of appropriation 
     or alternative financing expected for use.''.
       (d) Inclusion of Energy Security and Resilience as 
     Priorities in Contracts for Energy or Fuel for Military 
     Installations.--Section 2922a(d) of title 10, United States 
     Code, is amended to read as follows:
       ``(d) The Secretary concerned shall ensure energy security 
     and resilience are prioritized and included in the provision 
     and operation of energy production facilities under this 
     section.''.
       (e) Conveyance Authority for Utility Systems.--Section 2688 
     of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
       (1) in subsection (a), by striking ``Secretary of a 
     military department'' and inserting ``Secretary of Defense, 
     or the Secretary of a military department designated by the 
     Secretary,'';
       (2) in subsection (d)(2), by adding at the end the 
     following: ``The business case analysis must also demonstrate 
     how a privatized system will operate in a manner consistent 
     with subsection (g)(3).''; and
       (3) in subsection (g)(3)--
       (A) by striking ``Secretary concerned may require'' and 
     inserting ``Secretary of Defense, in consultation with the 
     Secretaries of the military departments, shall require''; and
       (B) by striking ``consistent with energy resilience 
     requirements and metrics'' and inserting ``consistent with 
     energy resilience and cybersecurity requirements and 
     associated metrics''.
       (f) Modification of Energy Resilience Definition.--Section 
     101(e)(6) of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
     striking ``task critical assets and other''.
       (g) Authority To Accept Energy Performance Financial 
     Incentives From State and Local Governments.--Section 2913(c) 
     of title 10, United States Code, is amended by inserting ``a 
     State or local government'' after ``generally available 
     from''.
       (h) Treatment of Energy Demand Response Financial 
     Incentives.--Paragraph (2) of section 2919(b) of title 10, 
     United States Code, is amended to read as follows:
       ``(2) credited to an appropriation designated by the 
     Secretary of Defense, submitted in the annual President's 
     budget request, merged with the appropriation to which 
     credited, and available for energy security or energy 
     resilience projects.''.
       (i) Use of Energy Cost Savings To Implement Energy 
     Resilience and Energy Conservation Construction Projects.--
     Section 2912(b)(1) of title 10, United States Code, is 
     amended by inserting ``, including energy resilience and 
     energy conservation construction projects,'' after ``energy 
     security measures''.
       (j) Additional Basis for Preservation of Property in the 
     Vicinity of Military Installations in Agreements With Non-
     Federal Entities on Use of Such Property.--Section 
     2684a(a)(2)(B) of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
       (1) by striking ``(B)'' and inserting ``(B)(i)''; and
       (2) by adding at the end of the following new clause:
       ``(ii) maintains or improves military installation 
     resilience; or''.

     SEC. 312. FUNDING OF STUDY AND ASSESSMENT OF HEALTH 
                   IMPLICATIONS OF PER- AND POLYFLUOROALKYL 
                   SUBSTANCES CONTAMINATION IN DRINKING WATER BY 
                   AGENCY FOR TOXIC SUBSTANCES AND DISEASE 
                   REGISTRY.

       Paragraph (2) of section 316(a) of the National Defense 
     Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2018 (Public Law 115-91) is 
     amended to read as follows:
       ``(2) Funding.--
       ``(A) Source of funds.--The study and assessment performed 
     pursuant to this section may be paid for using funds 
     authorized to be appropriated to the Department of Defense 
     under the heading `Operation and Maintenance, Defense-Wide'.
       ``(B) Transfer authority.--(i) Of the amounts authorized to 
     be appropriated for the Department of Defense for fiscal year 
     2018, not more than $10,000,000 shall be transferred by the 
     Secretary of Defense, without regard to section 2215 of title 
     10, United States Code, to the Secretary of Health and Human 
     Services to pay for the study and assessment required by this 
     section.
       ``(ii) Without regard to section 2215 of title 10, United 
     States Code, the Secretary of Defense may transfer not more 
     than $10,000,000 a year during fiscal years 2019 and 2020 to 
     the Secretary of Health and Human Services to pay for the 
     study and assessment required by this section.
       ``(C) Expenditure authority.--Amounts transferred to the 
     Secretary of Health and Human Services shall be used to carry 
     out the study and assessment under this section through 
     contracts, cooperative agreements, or grants. In addition, 
     such funds may be transferred by the Secretary of Health and 
     Human Services to other accounts of the Department for the 
     purposes of carrying out this section.
       ``(D) Relationship to other transfer authorities.--The 
     transfer authority provided under this paragraph is in 
     addition to any other transfer authority available to the 
     Department of Defense.''.

     SEC. 313. MILITARY MISSION SUSTAINMENT SITING CLEARINGHOUSE.

       (a) Change in Name of Clearinghouse.--Section 183a of title 
     10, United States Code, is amended--
       (1) in the section heading, by striking ``Military Aviation 
     and Installation Assurance Clearinghouse for review of 
     mission obstructions'' and inserting ``Military Mission 
     Sustainment Siting Clearinghouse for review of energy 
     projects''; and
       (2) in paragraph (1) of subsection (a), by striking 
     ``Military Aviation and Installation Assurance Siting 
     Clearinghouse'' and inserting ``Military Mission Sustainment 
     Siting Clearinghouse''.
       (b) Responsible Official.--Subsection (a) of such section 
     is further amended, in paragraph (2)(A), by striking 
     ``control of an Assistant Secretary of Defense designated by 
     the Secretary'' and inserting ``control of the Under 
     Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment''.
       (c) Functions.--Subsection (b) of such section is amended--
       (1) by redesignating paragraphs (2) and (3) as paragraphs 
     (3) and (4); and
       (2) by inserting after paragraph (1) the following new 
     paragraph:
       ``(2) The Clearinghouse shall coordinate Department of 
     Defense consideration of and response to requests for reviews 
     received from other Federal agencies, State governments, 
     Indian tribal governments, local governments, landowners, and 
     developers of energy projects.''.
       (d) Review of Proposed Actions.--Subsection (c) of such 
     section is amended--
       (1) in paragraph (1)--
       (A) in subparagraph (A), by inserting ``, including any 
     potential negative impacts on pilot safety and training'' 
     after ``military operations and readiness''; and
       (B) in subparagraph (B), by inserting ``, including any 
     potential negative impacts on pilot safety and training,'' 
     after ``risks to national security''; and
       (2) in paragraph (3), by inserting ``and the relevant local 
     military installation'' after ``notice to the governor of the 
     State''.
       (e) Identification of Actions To Mitigate All Adverse 
     Impacts.--Subsection (d)(2)(F) is amended by inserting 
     ``all'' before ``adverse impacts of projects filed''.
       (f) Department of Defense Finding of Unacceptable Risk.--
     Subsection (e)(1) of such section is amended by inserting ``, 
     including unacceptable risk to pilot safety and unacceptable 
     loss of training days'' after ``risk to the national security 
     of the United States''.
       (g) Definition of Adverse Impact on Military Operations and 
     Readiness.--Subsection (h)(1) of such section is amended by 
     inserting ``pilot safety,'' after ``including flight 
     operations,''.
       (h) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the 
     beginning of chapter 7 of title 10, United States Code, is 
     amended by striking the item relating to section 183a and 
     inserting the following:

``183a. Military Mission Sustainment Siting Clearinghouse for review of 
              energy projects.''.

     SEC. 314. OPERATIONAL ENERGY POLICY.

       (a) In General.--Section 2926 of title 10, United States 
     Code, is amended--
       (1) by redesignating subsections (a), (b), (c), and (d) as 
     subsections (c), (d), (e), (f), respectively;
       (2) by inserting before subsection (c), as redesignated by 
     paragraph (1), the following new subsections:
       ``(a) Operational Energy Policy.--In carrying out section 
     2911(a) of this title, the Secretary of Defense shall ensure 
     the types, availability, and use of operational energy 
     promote the readiness of the armed forces for their military 
     missions.
       ``(b) Authorities.--The Secretary of Defense may--
       ``(1) require the Secretary of a military department or the 
     commander of a combatant command to assess the energy 
     supportability of systems, capabilities, and plans;
       ``(2) authorize the use of energy security, cost of backup 
     power, and energy resilience as factors in the cost-benefit 
     analysis for procurement of operational equipment; and
       ``(3) in selecting equipment that will use operational 
     energy, give favorable consideration to the acquisition of 
     equipment that enhances energy security, energy resilience, 
     energy conservation, and reduces logistical 
     vulnerabilities.''; and
       (3) in subsection (c), as redesignated by subparagraph 
     (A)--
       (A) in the subsection heading, by striking ``Alternative 
     Fuel Activities'' and inserting ``Functions of the Assistant 
     Secretary of Defense for Energy, Installations, and 
     Environment'';
       (B) by striking ``heads of the military departments and the 
     Assistant Secretary of Defense for Research and Engineering'' 
     and inserting ``heads of the appropriate Department of 
     Defense components'';
       (C) in paragraph (1), by striking ``lead the alternative 
     fuels activities'' and inserting ``oversee the operational 
     energy activities'';
       (D) in paragraph (2), by striking ``regarding the 
     development of alternative fuels by the military departments 
     and the Office of the Secretary of Defense'' and inserting 
     ``regarding the policies and investments that affect the use 
     of operational energy across the Department of Defense'';
       (E) in paragraph (3), by striking ``prescribe policy to 
     streamline the investments in alternative fuel activities 
     across the Department of

[[Page S4076]]

     Defense'' and inserting ``recommend to the Secretary policy 
     to improve warfighting capability through energy security and 
     energy resilience''; and
       (F) in paragraph (5), by striking ``subsection (c)(4)'' and 
     inserting ``subsection (e)(4)''.
       (b) Conforming Amendments.--(1) Section 2925(b)(1) of title 
     10, United States Code, is amended by striking ``section 
     2926(b)'' and inserting ``section 2926(d)''.
       (2) Section 1061(c)(55) of the National Defense 
     Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328; 
     10 U.S.C. 111 note) is amended by striking ``section 
     2926(c)(4)'' and inserting ``section 2926(e)(4)''.

     SEC. 315. FUNDING TREATMENT OF PERFLUOROOCTANE SULFONIC ACID 
                   AND PERFLUOROOCTANOIC ACID AT STATE-OWNED AND 
                   OPERATED NATIONAL GUARD INSTALLATIONS.

       (a) Assistance Authorized.--The Secretary concerned may 
     provide for the treatment of perfluorooctane sulfonic acid 
     and perfluorooctanoic acid in drinking water from wells owned 
     and operated by a local water authority undertaken to attain 
     the lifetime health advisory level for such acids in drinking 
     water.
       (b) Requirements for Assistance.--The Secretary concerned 
     may only provide for the treatment of drinking water pursuant 
     to subsection (a) if--
       (1) the local water authority has requested such treatment 
     from the Secretary during the fiscal year when the treatment 
     is provided;
       (2) the elevated levels of perfluorooctane sulfonic acid 
     and perfluorooctanoic acid in the drinking water are the 
     result of activities conducted by or paid for by the 
     Department of the Army or the Department of the Air Force at 
     a State-owned National Guard installation;
       (3) such treatment takes place only during the fiscal year 
     in which the request was made;
       (4) the local water authority waives all claims against the 
     United States and the National Guard for treatment expenses 
     incurred before the fiscal year during which the treatment is 
     taking place; and
       (5) the cost of any treatment provided pursuant to 
     subsection (a) does not exceed the actual cost of the 
     treatment attributable to the activities conducted by or paid 
     for by the Department of the Army or the Department of the 
     Air Force, as the case may be.
       (c) Existing Agreements.--Treatment of drinking water 
     pursuant to subsection (a) may be provided without regard to 
     existing contractual provisions in agreements between the 
     Department of the Army, the Department of the Air Force, or 
     the National Guard Bureau, as the case may be, and the State 
     in which the base is located relating to environmental 
     response actions or indemnification.
       (d) Authority To Enter Into Agreements.--The Secretary 
     concerned may enter into such grants, cooperative agreements, 
     or contracts with a local water authority as may be necessary 
     to implement this section.
       (e) Use of DSMOA.--Using up to $45,000,000 of the funds 
     authorized to be appropriated by section 301 for operation 
     and maintenance, the Secretary concerned may pay, utilizing 
     an existing Defense-State Memorandum of Agreement, costs that 
     would otherwise be eligible for payment under that agreement.
       (f) Termination of Authority.--The authority under this 
     section shall terminate on September 30, 2021.
       (g) Retroactive Effect.--Notwithstanding paragraphs (1), 
     (3), (4) of subsection (b), the Secretary concerned may 
     reimburse a local water authority or a State for the 
     treatment of drinking water pursuant to this section if--
       (1) the local water authority or state requested such a 
     payment from the National Guard Bureau prior to March 1, 
     2018, or the National Guard Bureau was aware of a treatment 
     plan by the local water authority or state prior to that 
     date; and
       (2) the local water authority or the State, as the case may 
     be, waives all claims against the United States and the 
     National Guard for treatment expenses incurred before January 
     1, 2018.
       (h) Conforming Amendments.--
       (1) Responsibility for response actions.--Section 
     2701(c)(1) of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
     inserting ``or pollutants or contaminants'' after ``releases 
     of hazardous substances''.
       (2) Definition of facility.--Section 2700(2) of title 10, 
     United States Code, is amended--
       (A) by striking ``The terms `environment', `facility','' 
     and inserting ``(A) The terms `environment',''; and
       (B) by adding at the end the following new subparagraph:
       ``(B) The term `facility'--
       ``(i) has the meaning given the term in section 101 of 
     CERCLA (42 U.S.C. 9601); and
       ``(ii) includes real property which is owned by, leased, 
     to, or otherwise possessed by the United States at locations 
     conducting military activities under the authority of either 
     this title or title 32.''.
       (i) Definitions.--In this section--
       (1) Lifetime health advisory.--The term ``lifetime health 
     advisory'' means the United States Environmental Protection 
     Agency Lifetime Health Advisory for the presence of 
     perfluorooctane sulfonic acid and perfluorooctanoic acid in 
     drinking water.
       (2) Secretary concerned.--The term ``Secretary concerned'' 
     means the Secretary of the Army or the Secretary of the Air 
     Force.
       (3) State.--The term ``State'' means any of the several 
     States, the District of Columbia, the Commonwealth of Puerto 
     Rico, Guam, and the Virgin Islands.
       (4) State-owned national guard installation.--The term 
     ``State-owned National Guard installation'' means a facility 
     or site owned or operated by a State when such facility or 
     site is used for training the National Guard pursuant to 
     chapter 5 of title 32, United States Code, with funds 
     provided by the Secretary of Defense or the Secretary of a 
     military department, even though the Department of Defense is 
     not the owner or operator of such facility or site.

                          Subtitle C--Reports

     SEC. 321. REPORTS ON READINESS.

       (a) Uniform Applicability of Readiness Reporting System.--
     Subsection (b) of section 117 of title 10, United States 
     Code, is amended--
       (1) by inserting ``and maintaining'' after 
     ``establishing'';
       (2) in paragraph (1), by striking ``reporting system is 
     applied uniformly throughout the Department of Defense'' and 
     inserting ``reporting system and associated policies are 
     applied uniformly throughout the Department of Defense, 
     including between and among the joint staff and each of the 
     armed forces'';
       (3) by redesignating paragraphs (2) and (3) as paragraphs 
     (5) and (6), respectively;
       (4) by inserting after paragraph (1) the following new 
     paragraphs:
       ``(2) that is the single authoritative readiness reporting 
     system for the Department, and that there shall be no 
     military service specific systems;
       ``(3) that readiness assessments are accomplished at an 
     organizational level at, or below, the level at which forces 
     are employed;
       ``(4) that the reporting system include resources 
     information, force posture, and mission centric capability 
     assessments, as well as predicted changes to these 
     attributes;''; and
       (5) in paragraph (5), as redesignated by paragraph (3) of 
     this subsection, by inserting ``, or element of a unit,'' 
     after ``readiness status of a unit''.
       (b) Capabilities of Readiness Reporting System.--Such 
     section is further amended in subsection (c)--
       (1) in paragraph (1)--
       (A) by striking ``Measure, on a monthly basis, the 
     capability of units'' and inserting ``Measure the readiness 
     of units''; and
       (B) by striking ``conduct their assigned wartime missions'' 
     and inserting ``conduct their designed and assigned 
     missions'';
       (2) in paragraph (2)--
       (A) by striking ``Measure, on an annual basis,'' and 
     inserting ``Measure''; and
       (B) by striking ``wartime missions'' and inserting 
     ``designed and assigned missions'';
       (3) in paragraph (3)--
       (A) by striking ``Measure, on an annual basis,'' and 
     inserting ``Measure''; and
       (B) by striking ``wartime missions'' and inserting 
     ``designed and assigned missions'';
       (4) in paragraph (4), by striking ``Measure, on a monthly 
     basis,'' and inserting ``Measure'';
       (5) in paragraph (5), by striking ``Measure, on an annual 
     basis,'' and inserting ``Measure'';
       (6) by striking paragraphs (6) and (8) and redesignating 
     paragraph (7) as paragraph (6); and
       (7) in paragraph (6), as so redesignated, by striking 
     ``Measure, on a quarterly basis,'' and inserting ``Measure''.
       (c) Semi-annual and Monthly Joint Readiness Reviews.--Such 
     section is further amended in subsection (d)(1)(A) by 
     inserting ``, which includes a validation of readiness data 
     currency and accuracy'' after ``joint readiness review''.
       (d) Quarterly Report on Change in Current State of Unit 
     Readiness.--Such section is further amended--
       (1) in subsection (e), by striking ``Submission to 
     Congressional Committees'' and inserting ``Quarterly Report 
     on Joint Readiness'';
       (2) by redesignating subsection (f) as subsection (h); and
       (3) by inserting after subsection (e) the following new 
     subsection:
       ``(f) Quarterly Report on Monthly Changes in Current State 
     of Readiness of Units.--The Secretary shall each quarter 
     submit to the congressional defense committees a report on 
     each monthly upgrade or downgrade of the current state of 
     readiness of a unit that was issued by the commander of a 
     unit during the previous quarter, together with the rationale 
     of the commander for the issuance of such upgrade or 
     downgrade.''.
       (e) Annual Report to Congress on Operational Contract 
     Support.--Such section is further amended by inserting after 
     subsection (f), as added by subsection (d) of this section, 
     the following new subsection:
       ``(g) Annual Report on Operational Contract Support.--The 
     Secretary shall each year submit to the congressional defense 
     committees a report in writing containing the results of the 
     most recent annual measurement of the capability of 
     operational contract support to support current and 
     anticipated wartime missions of the armed forces. Each such 
     report shall be submitted in unclassified form, but may 
     include a classified annex.''.
       (f) Regulations.--Such section is further amended in 
     subsection (h), as redesignated by subsection (d) of this 
     section, by striking ``prescribe the units that are subject 
     to reporting in the readiness reporting system, what type of 
     equipment is subject to such reporting'' and inserting 
     ``prescribe the established information technology system for 
     Department of Defense reporting, specifically authorize 
     exceptions to a single-system architecture, and identify the 
     organizations, units, and entities that are subject to 
     reporting in the readiness reporting system, what 
     organization resources are subject to such reporting''.
       (g) Conforming Amendments.--
       (1) Section heading.--Such section is further amended in 
     the section heading by striking ``: establishment; reporting 
     to congressional committees''.
       (2) Table of sections.--The table of sections at the 
     beginning of chapter 2 is amended by striking the item 
     relating to section 117 and inserting the following new item:

``117. Readiness reporting system.''.

[[Page S4077]]

  


     SEC. 322. REPORT ON COLD WEATHER CAPABILITIES AND READINESS 
                   OF UNITED STATES ARMED FORCES.

       (a) In General.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
     the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall 
     submit to the congressional defense committees a report on 
     the current cold weather capabilities and readiness of the 
     United States Armed Forces.
       (b) Elements.--The report required by subsection (a) shall 
     include the following:
       (1) A description of current cold weather capabilities and 
     training to support United States military operations in cold 
     climates across the joint force.
       (2) A description of anticipated requirements for United 
     States military operations in cold and extreme cold weather 
     in the Arctic, Northeast Asia, and Northern and Eastern 
     Europe.
       (3) A description of the current cold weather readiness of 
     the joint force, the ability to increase cold weather 
     training across the joint force, and any equipment, 
     infrastructure, personnel, or resource limitations or gaps 
     that may exist.
       (4) An analysis of potential opportunities to expand cold 
     weather training for the Army, the Navy, the Air Force, and 
     the Marine Corps and the resources or infrastructure required 
     for such expansion.
       (5) An analysis of potential cold weather amphibious 
     landing locations, including the potential for a combined 
     arms live fire exercise.

                       Subtitle D--Other Matters

     SEC. 331. PILOT PROGRAMS ON INTEGRATION OF MILITARY 
                   INFORMATION SUPPORT AND CIVIL AFFAIRS 
                   ACTIVITIES.

       (a) Pilot Programs Authorized.--
       (1) In general.--The commander of any geographic combatant 
     command designated by the Secretary of Defense for purposes 
     of this section, and the Commander of the United States 
     Special Operations Command if so designated, may carry out 
     one or more pilot programs designed to assess the feasability 
     and advisability of integrating military information support 
     and civil affairs in support of the theater campaign plans of 
     such combatant command.
       (2) Concurrence of chiefs of mission.--Activities under a 
     pilot program under this section may be carried out in a 
     country only with the concurrence of the Chief of Mission for 
     that country.
       (b) Requirement for Both Military Information Support and 
     Civil Affairs Capabilities.--
       (1) In general.--Except as provided in paragraphs (2) and 
     (3), each pilot program under this section shall include both 
     a military information support capability and a civil affairs 
     capability.
       (2) No military information support capability.--A pilot 
     program may be carried out in a region or country in which no 
     military information support capability is deployed if the 
     program is complemented by a Department of State public 
     diplomacy effort that contributes to the fulfillment of the 
     objectives of the commander of the combatant command 
     concerned to convey information to foreign audiences in the 
     region or county to influence their emotions, motives, 
     objective reasoning, and behavior in support of the 
     applicable theater campaign plan.
       (3) No civil affairs capability.--A pilot program may be 
     carried out in a region or country in which no civil affairs 
     capability is deployed if the program is complemented by an 
     effort of the Department of State or the United States Agency 
     for International Development to contribute to the 
     fulfillment of the objectives of the commander of the 
     combatant command concerned to reestablish or maintain 
     stability within the region or country in support of the 
     applicable theater campaign plan.
       (4) Plan.--In the event a pilot program will be carried out 
     pursuant to paragraph (2) or (3), planning for the pilot 
     program shall include an explanation of concept, budget, 
     timeline, and metrics for measuring the effectiveness of 
     activities of the Department of State or United States Agency 
     for International Development, as applicable, under the pilot 
     program.
       (c) Duration.--The authority to carry out pilot programs 
     under this section shall cease on September 30, 2023.
       (d) Annual Reports.--
       (1) In general.--Not later than 90 days after the last day 
     of each of fiscal year 2019 through 2023, the Secretary shall 
     submit to the congressional defense committees a report on 
     the pilot programs carried out under this section during the 
     preceding fiscal year.
       (2) Elements.--Each report under this subsection shall 
     include, for the fiscal year covered by such report, the 
     following:
       (A) A list of all pilot programs carried out, set forth by 
     combatant command.
       (B) A list of all pilot programs commenced, set forth by 
     combatant command.
       (C) The amount of funds provided for each pilot program 
     carried out.
       (D) The objectives of each pilot program carried out, and 
     the metrics used or to be used to measure the effectiveness 
     of such pilot program.
       (E) A description of the manner in which each pilot program 
     carried out supports the applicable theater campaign plan of 
     the commanders of the combatant command concerned.
       (F) If a pilot program was concluded, an assessment of the 
     value of the program, a description and assessment of lessons 
     learned through the program, and any recommendations the 
     Secretary considers appropriate for follow-on efforts in 
     connection with the program.
       (e) Funding.--
       (1) In general.--Of the amounts authorized to be 
     appropriated for each of fiscal years 2019 through 2023 for 
     the Department of Defense for operation and maintenance and 
     available for the combatant commands, an aggregate of 
     $20,000,000 may be used in each such fiscal year by each such 
     combatant command for pilot programs under this section.
       (2) Limitation on amount for particular programs.--The 
     amount expended on any particular pilot program may not 
     exceed $2,000,000.
       (f) Definitions.--In this section:
       (1) Civil affairs.--The term ``civil affairs'' means 
     activities intended to establish, maintain, influence, or 
     exploit relations between military forces, indigenous 
     populations, and institutions by directly supporting the 
     attainment of objectives relating to the reestablishment or 
     maintenance of stability within a region or country.
       (2) Military information support.--The term ``military 
     information support'' means operations to convey selected 
     information and indicators to foreign audiences to influence 
     their emotions, motives, objective reasoning, and ultimately 
     the behavior of foreign governments, organizations, groups, 
     and individuals in a manner favorable to the objectives of 
     those planning such operations.
       (3) Theater campaign plan.--The term ``theater campaign 
     plan'' means a plan developed by a combatant command for the 
     steady-state activities of the command, including operations, 
     security cooperation, and other activities designed to 
     achieve strategic end states in the theater.

     SEC. 332. REPORTING ON FUTURE YEARS BUDGETING BY SUBACTIVITY 
                   GROUP.

       Along with the budget for each fiscal year submitted by the 
     President pursuant to section 1105(a) of title 31, United 
     States Code, the Secretary of Defense and the Secretaries of 
     the military departments shall include in the OP-5 
     Justification Books as detailed by Department of Defense 
     Financial Management Regulation 7000.14-R the amount for each 
     individual subactivity group (SAG) as detailed in the 
     Department's future years defense program pursuant to section 
     221 of title 10, United States Code.

     SEC. 333. RESTRICTION ON UPGRADES TO AVIATION DEMONSTRATION 
                   TEAM AIRCRAFT.

       (a) In General.--Except as provided under subsection (b), 
     the Secretary of Defense may not upgrade the type, model, or 
     series of aircraft used by a military service for its fixed 
     wing aviation demonstration teams, including Blue Angel and 
     Thunderbird aircraft, until the service's active and reserve 
     duty squadrons and weapon training schools have replaced 100 
     percent of the existing type, model, and series of aircraft.
       (b) Waiver Authority.--The Secretary of Defense may, upon 
     written notice to the congressional defense committees, waive 
     the prohibition under subsection (a) for the purpose of 
     carrying out upgrades to the type, model, or series of the 
     aircraft described under such subsection that are necessary 
     to ensure the safety of pilots.

     SEC. 334. U.S. SPECIAL OPERATIONS COMMAND CIVILIAN PERSONNEL.

       Of the funds authorized to be appropriated by this Act for 
     Operation and Maintenance, Defense-wide for U.S. Special 
     Operations Command civilian personnel, not less than 
     $6,200,000 shall be used to fund the detail of civilian 
     personnel to the office of the Assistant Secretary of Defense 
     for Special Operations and Low-Intensity Conflict to support 
     the Secretariat for Special Operations.

     SEC. 335. LIMITATION ON AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS FOR SERVICE-
                   SPECIFIC DEFENSE READINESS REPORTING SYSTEMS.

       (a) Limitation.--None of the funds authorized to be 
     appropriated by this Act or otherwise made available for the 
     Department of Defense for fiscal year 2019 for operation and 
     maintenance, research, development, test, and evaluation, or 
     procurement, and available to operate service specific 
     Defense Readiness Reporting Systems (DRRS) may be made 
     available for such purpose except for required maintenance 
     and in order to facilitate the transition to DRRS-Strategic 
     (DRRS-S).
       (b) Plan.--Not later than February 1, 2019, the Under 
     Secretary for Personnel and Readiness shall submit to the 
     congressional defense committees a resource and funding plan 
     to include a schedule with relevant milestones on the 
     elimination of service-specific DRRS and the migration of the 
     military services and other organizations to DRRS-S.
       (c) Transition.--The military services shall complete the 
     transition to DRRS-S not later than October 1, 2019. The 
     Secretary of Defense shall notify the congressional defense 
     committees upon the complete transition of the services.
       (d) Reporting Requirement.--
       (1) In general.--The Under Secretary for Personnel and 
     Readiness, the Under Secretary for Acquisition and 
     Sustainment, and the Under Secretary for Research and 
     Engineering, in coordination with the Secretaries of the 
     military departments and other organizations with relevant 
     technical expertise, shall establish a working group 
     including individuals with expertise in application or 
     software development, data science, testing, and development 
     and assessment of performance metrics to assess the current 
     process for collecting, analyzing, and communicating 
     readiness data, and develop a strategy for implementing any 
     recommended changes to improve and establish readiness 
     metrics using the current DRRS-Strategic platform.
       (2) Elements.--The assessment conducted pursuant to 
     paragraph (1) shall include--
       (A) identification of modern tools, methods, and approaches 
     to readiness to more effectively and efficiently collect, 
     analyze, and make decision based on readiness data; and
       (B) consideration of cost and schedule.
       (3) Submission to congress.--Not later than February 1, 
     2020, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the 
     congressional defense committees the assessment conducted 
     pursuant to paragraph (1).
       (e) Defense Readiness Reporting Requirements.--To the 
     maximum extent practicable, the Secretary of Defense shall 
     meet defense readiness reporting requirements consistent with 
     the

[[Page S4078]]

     recommendations of the working group established under 
     subsection (d)(1).

     SEC. 336. REPURPOSING AND REUSE OF SURPLUS ARMY FIREARMS.

       Section 348(b) of the National Defense Authorization Act 
     for Fiscal Year 2018 (Public Law 115-91; 131 Stat. 1365) is 
     amended by inserting ``shredded or'' before ``melted and 
     repurposed''.

     SEC. 337. LIMITATION ON AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS FOR 
                   ESTABLISHMENT OF ADDITIONAL SPECIALIZED 
                   UNDERGRADUATE PILOT TRAINING FACILITY.

       (a) Limitation.--Of the funds authorized to be appropriated 
     by this Act or otherwise made available for the Department of 
     Defense for fiscal year 2019 for Specialized Undergraduate 
     Pilot Training for the Air Force (referred to in this section 
     as ``SUPT'') no funds may be used to enter into a contract 
     for the procurement of equipment, facilities, real property, 
     or services to establish a new SUPT location in the United 
     States until the date on which the Secretary of the Air Force 
     submits to the congressional defense committees the 
     certification described under subsection (b).
       (b) Certification.--The certification referred to in 
     subsection (a) is a certification that--
       (1) existing SUPT installations are operating at maximum 
     capacity in terms of pilot production; and
       (2) the Air Force plans to operate existing SUPT 
     installations at maximum capacity over the future years 
     defense program.
       (c) Report.--
       (1) In general.--Not later than March 1, 2019, the 
     Secretary of the Air Force shall submit to the congressional 
     defense committees a report on existing SUPT production, 
     resourcing, and locations.
       (2) Elements.--The report required under paragraph (1) 
     shall include the following elements:
       (A) A description of the strategy of the Air Force for 
     utilizing existing SUPT locations to produce the number of 
     pilots the Air Force requires.
       (B) The number of pilots that each SUPT location has 
     graduated, by year, over the previous 5 fiscal years.
       (C) The forecast number of pilots that each SUPT location 
     will produce for fiscal year 2019.
       (D) The maximum production capacity of each SUPT location.
       (E) A cost estimate of the resources required for each SUPT 
     location to reach maximum production capacity.
       (F) A determination as to whether increasing production 
     capacity at existing SUPT locations will satisfy the Air 
     Force's SUPT requirement.
       (G) A timeline and cost estimation of establishing a new 
     SUPT location.
       (H) A business case analysis comparing the establishment of 
     a new SUPT location to increasing production capacity at 
     existing SUPT locations.

     SEC. 338. SCOPE OF AUTHORITY FOR RESTORATION OF LAND DUE TO 
                   MISHAP.

       Subsection (e) of section 2691 of title 10, United States 
     Code, as added by section 2814 of the Military Construction 
     Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2018 (division B of Public 
     Law 115-91; 131 Stat. 1849), is amended by adding at the end 
     the following new paragraph:
       ``(3) The authority under paragraphs (1) and (2) includes 
     activities and expenditures necessary to complete restoration 
     to meet the regulations of the Federal department or agency 
     with administrative jurisdiction over the affected land, 
     which may be different than the regulations of the Department 
     of Defense.''.

     SEC. 339. REDESIGNATION OF THE UTAH TEST AND TRAINING RANGE 
                   (UTTR).

       The Utah Test and Training Range (UTTR) located in 
     northwestern Utah and eastern Nevada may be redesignated.

                 Subtitle E--Logistics and Sustainment

     SEC. 351. LIMITATION ON MODIFICATIONS TO NAVY FACILITIES 
                   SUSTAINMENT, RESTORATION, AND MODERNIZATION 
                   (FSRM) STRUCTURE AND MECHANISM.

       The Secretary of the Navy may not make any modification to 
     the existing Navy Facilities Sustainment, Restoration, and 
     Modernization (FSRM) structure or mechanism that would modify 
     duty relationships or significantly alter the existing 
     structure until 90 days after providing notice of the 
     proposed modification to the congressional defense 
     committees.

              TITLE IV--MILITARY PERSONNEL AUTHORIZATIONS

                       Subtitle A--Active Forces

     SEC. 401. END STRENGTHS FOR ACTIVE FORCES.

       The Armed Forces are authorized strengths for active duty 
     personnel as of September 30, 2019, as follows:
       (1) The Army, 485,741.
       (2) The Navy, 331,900.
       (3) The Marine Corps, 186,100.
       (4) The Air Force, 325,720.

     SEC. 402. END STRENGTHS FOR COMMISSIONED OFFICERS ON ACTIVE 
                   DUTY IN CERTAIN GRADES.

       The Armed Forces are authorized strengths for commissioned 
     officers on active duty as of September 30, 2019, in the 
     grades as follows in the number specified:
       (1) The Army:
       (A) Colonel, 3,970.
       (B) Lieutenant colonel, 8,700.
       (C) Major, 15,470.
       (2) The Navy:
       (A) Captain, 3,060.
       (B) Commander, 6,670.
       (C) Lieutenant commander, 11,010.
       (3) The Marine Corps:
       (A) Colonel, 650.
       (B) Lieutenant colonel, 1,910.
       (C) Major, 3,920.
       (4) The Air Force:
       (A) Colonel, 3,450.
       (B) Lieutenant colonel, 10,270.
       (C) Major, 13,920.

                       Subtitle B--Reserve Forces

     SEC. 411. END STRENGTHS FOR SELECTED RESERVE.

       (a) In General.--The Armed Forces are authorized strengths 
     for Selected Reserve personnel of the reserve components as 
     of September 30, 2019, as follows:
       (1) The Army National Guard of the United States, 343,500.
       (2) The Army Reserve, 199,500.
       (3) The Navy Reserve, 59,000.
       (4) The Marine Corps Reserve, 38,500.
       (5) The Air National Guard of the United States, 106,600.
       (6) The Air Force Reserve, 69,800.
       (7) The Coast Guard Reserve, 7,000.
       (b) End Strength Reductions.--The end strengths prescribed 
     by subsection (a) for the Selected Reserve of any reserve 
     component shall be proportionately reduced by--
       (1) the total authorized strength of units organized to 
     serve as units of the Selected Reserve of such component 
     which are on active duty (other than for training) at the end 
     of the fiscal year; and
       (2) the total number of individual members not in units 
     organized to serve as units of the Selected Reserve of such 
     component who are on active duty (other than for training or 
     for unsatisfactory participation in training) without their 
     consent at the end of the fiscal year.
       (c) End Strength Increases.--Whenever units or individual 
     members of the Selected Reserve of any reserve component are 
     released from active duty during any fiscal year, the end 
     strength prescribed for such fiscal year for the Selected 
     Reserve of such reserve component shall be increased 
     proportionately by the total authorized strengths of such 
     units and by the total number of such individual members.

     SEC. 412. END STRENGTHS FOR RESERVES ON ACTIVE DUTY IN 
                   SUPPORT OF THE RESERVES.

       Within the end strengths prescribed in section 411(a), the 
     reserve components of the Armed Forces are authorized, as of 
     September 30, 2019, the following number of Reserves to be 
     serving on full-time active duty or full-time duty, in the 
     case of members of the National Guard, for the purpose of 
     organizing, administering, recruiting, instructing, or 
     training the reserve components:
       (1) The Army National Guard of the United States, 30,155.
       (2) The Army Reserve, 16,261.
       (3) The Navy Reserve, 10,101.
       (4) The Marine Corps Reserve, 2,261.
       (5) The Air National Guard of the United States, 19,450.
       (6) The Air Force Reserve, 3,588.

     SEC. 413. END STRENGTHS FOR MILITARY TECHNICIANS (DUAL 
                   STATUS).

       The minimum number of military technicians (dual status) as 
     of the last day of fiscal year 2019 for the reserve 
     components of the Army and the Air Force (notwithstanding 
     section 129 of title 10, United States Code) shall be the 
     following:
       (1) For the Army National Guard of the United States, 
     22,294.
       (2) For the Army Reserve, 6,492.
       (3) For the Air National Guard of the United States, 
     18,969.
       (4) For the Air Force Reserve, 8,880.

     SEC. 414. MAXIMUM NUMBER OF RESERVE PERSONNEL AUTHORIZED TO 
                   BE ON ACTIVE DUTY FOR OPERATIONAL SUPPORT.

       During fiscal year 2019, the maximum number of members of 
     the reserve components of the Armed Forces who may be serving 
     at any time on full-time operational support duty under 
     section 115(b) of title 10, United States Code, is the 
     following:
       (1) The Army National Guard of the United States, 17,000.
       (2) The Army Reserve, 13,000.
       (3) The Navy Reserve, 6,200.
       (4) The Marine Corps Reserve, 3,000.
       (5) The Air National Guard of the United States, 16,000.
       (6) The Air Force Reserve, 14,000.

              Subtitle C--Authorization of Appropriations

     SEC. 421. MILITARY PERSONNEL.

       (a) Authorization of Appropriations.--Funds are hereby 
     authorized to be appropriated for fiscal year 2019 for the 
     use of the Armed Forces and other activities and agencies of 
     the Department of Defense for expenses, not otherwise 
     provided for, for military personnel, as specified in the 
     funding table in section 4401.
       (b) Construction of Authorization.--The authorization of 
     appropriations in subsection (a) supersedes any other 
     authorization of appropriations (definite or indefinite) for 
     such purpose for fiscal year 2019.

     SEC. 422. LIMITATION ON USE OF FUNDS FOR PERSONNEL IN FISCAL 
                   YEAR 2019 IN EXCESS OF STATUTORILY SPECIFIED 
                   END STRENGTHS FOR FISCAL YEAR 2018.

       Notwithstanding any other provision of this title, funds 
     authorized to be appropriated by this Act or otherwise made 
     available for the Department of Defense for fiscal year 2019 
     for military personnel may be not obligated or expended for a 
     number of military personnel covered by an end strength in 
     title IV of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
     Year 2018 (Public Law 115-91) in excess of such end strength 
     until the Secretary of Defense has submitted to the 
     congressional defense committees the report required under 
     subsection (b) of section 1041.

[[Page S4079]]

  


                   TITLE V--MILITARY PERSONNEL POLICY

                  Subtitle A--Officer Personnel Policy

              PART I--OFFICER PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT REFORM

     SEC. 501. REPEAL OF CODIFIED SPECIFICATION OF AUTHORIZED 
                   STRENGTHS OF CERTAIN COMMISSIONED OFFICERS ON 
                   ACTIVE DUTY.

       Effective as of October 1, 2018, the text of section 523 of 
     title 10, United States Code, is amended to read as follows:
       ``The total number of commissioned officers serving on 
     active duty in the Army, Air Force, or Marine Corps in each 
     of the grades of major, lieutenant colonel, or colonel, or in 
     the Navy in each of the grades of lieutenant commander, 
     commander, or captain, at the end of any fiscal year shall be 
     as specifically authorized by Act of Congress for such fiscal 
     year.''.

     SEC. 502. ANNUAL DEFENSE MANPOWER REQUIREMENTS REPORT 
                   MATTERS.

       (a) Date of Submittal.--Subsection (a) of section 115a of 
     title 10, United States Code, is amended in the matter 
     preceding paragraph (1) by striking ``not later than 45 days 
     after the date on which'' and inserting ``on the date on 
     which''.
       (b) Specification of Anticipated Opportunities for 
     Promotion of Commissioned Officers.--Subsection (d) of such 
     section is amended by adding the following new paragraph:
       ``(4) The opportunities for promotion of commissioned 
     officers anticipated to be estimated pursuant to section 
     623(b)(4) of this title for the fiscal year in which such 
     report is submitted for purposes of promotion selection 
     boards convened pursuant to section 611 of this title during 
     such fiscal year.''.
       (c) Enumeration of Required Numbers of Certain Commissioned 
     Officers.--Such section is further amended by adding at the 
     end the following new subsection:
       ``(i) In each such report, the Secretary shall also include 
     a separate statement of the number of officers required for 
     the next fiscal year in each grade as follows:
       ``(1) Major, lieutenant colonel, and colonel of each of the 
     Army, the Air Force, and the Marine Corps.
       ``(2) Lieutenant commander, commander, and captain of the 
     Navy.''.

     SEC. 503. REPEAL OF REQUIREMENT FOR ABILITY TO COMPLETE 20 
                   YEARS OF SERVICE BY AGE 62 AS QUALIFICATION FOR 
                   ORIGINAL APPOINTMENT AS A REGULAR COMMISSIONED 
                   OFFICER.

       (a) Repeal.--Subsection (a) of section 532 of title 10, 
     United States Code, is amended--
       (1) by striking paragraph (2); and
       (2) by redesignating paragraphs (3), (4), and (5) as 
     paragraphs (2), (3), and (4), respectively.
       (b) Conforming Amendment.--Such section is further amended 
     by striking subsection (d).
       (c) Effective Date.--The amendments made by this section 
     shall take effect on the date of the enactment of this Act, 
     and shall apply with respect to original appointments of 
     regular commissioned officers of the Armed Forces made on or 
     after that date.

     SEC. 504. ENHANCEMENT OF AVAILABILITY OF CONSTRUCTIVE SERVICE 
                   CREDIT FOR PRIVATE SECTOR TRAINING OR 
                   EXPERIENCE UPON ORIGINAL APPOINTMENT AS A 
                   COMMISSIONED OFFICER.

       (a) Regular Officers.--
       (1) In general.--Subsection (b) of section 533 of title 10, 
     United States Code, is amended--
       (A) in paragraph (1), by striking subparagraph (D) and 
     inserting the following new subparagraph (D):
       ``(D) Additional credit for special training or experience 
     in a particular officer career field as designated by the 
     Secretary concerned, if such training or experience is 
     directly related to the operational needs of the armed force 
     concerned.''; and
       (B) in paragraph (2)--
       (i) by striking ``Except as authorized by the Secretary 
     concerned in individual cases and under regulations 
     prescribed by the Secretary of Defense in the case of a 
     medical or dental officer, the amount'' and inserting ``The 
     amount''; and
       (ii) by striking ``in the grade of major in the Army, Air 
     Force, or Marine Corps or lieutenant commander in the Navy'' 
     and inserting ``in the grade of colonel in the Army, Air 
     Force, or Marine Corps or captain in the Navy''.
       (2) Repeal of temporary authority for service credit for 
     critically necessary cyberspace-related experience.--Such 
     section is further amended--
       (A) in subsections (a)(2) and (c), by striking ``or (g)''; 
     and
       (B) by striking subsection (g).
       (b) Reserve Officers.--
       (1) In general.--Subsection (b) of section 12207 of title 
     10, United States Code, is amended--
       (A) in paragraph (1), by striking subparagraph (D) and 
     inserting the following new subparagraph (D):
       ``(D) Additional credit for special training or experience 
     in a particular officer career field as designated by the 
     Secretary concerned, if such training or experience is 
     directly related to the operational needs of the armed force 
     concerned.''; and
       (B) by striking paragraph (3) and inserting the following 
     new paragraph (3):
       ``(3) The amount of constructive service credit credited to 
     an officer under this subsection may not exceed the amount 
     required in order for the officer to be eligible for an 
     original appointment as a reserve officer of the Army, Air 
     Force, or Marine Corps in the grade of colonel or as a 
     reserve officer of the Navy in the grade of captain.''.
       (2) Repeal of temporary authority for service credit for 
     critically necessary cyberspace-related experience.--Such 
     section is further amended--
       (A) by striking subsection (e);
       (B) by redesignating subsections (f) and (g) as subsections 
     (e) and (f), respectively; and
       (C) in subsection (e), as redesignated by subparagraph (B), 
     by striking ``, (d), or (e)'' and inserting ``or (d)''.

     SEC. 505. STANDARDIZED TEMPORARY PROMOTION AUTHORITY ACROSS 
                   THE MILITARY DEPARTMENTS FOR OFFICERS IN 
                   CERTAIN GRADES WITH CRITICAL SKILLS.

       (a) Standardized Temporary Promotion Authority.--
       (1) In general.--Chapter 35 of title 10, United States 
     Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new 
     section:

     ``Sec. 605. Promotion to certain grades for officers with 
       critical skills: colonel, lieutenant colonel, major, 
       captain; captain, commander, lieutenant commander, 
       lieutenant

       ``(a) In General.--An officer in the grade of first 
     lieutenant, captain, major, or lieutenant colonel in the 
     Army, Air Force, or Marine Corps, or lieutenant (junior 
     grade), lieutenant, lieutenant commander, or commander in the 
     Navy, who is described in subsection (b) may be temporarily 
     promoted to the grade of captain, major, lieutenant colonel, 
     or colonel in the Army, Air Force, or Marine Corps, or 
     lieutenant, lieutenant commander, commander, or captain in 
     the Navy, as applicable, under regulations prescribed by the 
     Secretary of the military department concerned. Appointments 
     under this section shall be made by the President, by and 
     with the advice and consent of the Senate.
       ``(b) Covered Officers.--An officer described in this 
     subsection is any officer in a grade specified in subsection 
     (a) who--
       ``(1) has a skill in which the armed force concerned has a 
     critical shortage of personnel (as determined by the 
     Secretary of the military department concerned); and
       ``(2) is serving in a position (as determined by the 
     Secretary of the military department concerned) that--
       ``(A) is designated to be held by a captain, major, 
     lieutenant colonel, or colonel in the Army, Air Force, or 
     Marine Corps, or lieutenant, lieutenant commander, commander, 
     or captain in the Navy, as applicable; and
       ``(B) requires that an officer serving in such position 
     have the skill possessed by such officer.
       ``(c) Status of Officers Appointed.--
       ``(1) Preservation of position and status.--An appointment 
     under this section does not change the position on the 
     active-duty list or the permanent, probationary, or acting 
     status of the officer so appointed, prejudice the officer in 
     regard to other promotions or appointments, or abridge the 
     rights or benefits of the officer.
       ``(2) Grade for purposes of annual defense manpower 
     reports.--For purposes of section 115a of this title, an 
     officer holding an appointment under this section is 
     considered as serving in the grade of the temporary promotion 
     this section.
       ``(d) Board Recommendation Required.--A temporary promotion 
     under this section may be made only upon the recommendation 
     of a board of officers convened by the Secretary of the 
     military department concerned for the purpose of recommending 
     officers for such promotions.
       ``(e) Acceptance and Effective Date of Appointment.--Each 
     appointment under this section, unless expressly declined, 
     is, without formal acceptance, regarded as accepted on the 
     date such appointment is made, and a member so appointed is 
     entitled to the pay and allowances of the grade of the 
     temporary promotion under this section from the date the 
     appointment is made.
       ``(f) Termination of Appointment.--Unless sooner 
     terminated, an appointment under this section terminates--
       ``(1) on the date the officer who received the appointment 
     is promoted to the permanent grade of captain, major, 
     lieutenant colonel, or colonel in the Army, Air Force, or 
     Marine Corps, or lieutenant, lieutenant commander, commander, 
     or captain in the Navy; or
       ``(2) on the date the officer is detached from a position 
     described in subsection (b)(2), unless the officer is on a 
     promotion list to the permanent grade of captain, major, 
     lieutenant colonel, or colonel in the Army, Air Force, or 
     Marine Corps, or lieutenant, lieutenant commander, commander, 
     or captain in the Navy, in which case the appointment 
     terminates on the date the officer is promoted to that grade.
       ``(g) Limitation on Number of Eligible Positions.--An 
     appointment under this section may only be made for service 
     in a position designated by the Secretary of the military 
     department concerned for the purposes of this section. The 
     number of positions so designated may not exceed the 
     following:
       ``(1) In the case of the Army--
       ``(A) as captain, 120;
       ``(B) as major, 350;
       ``(C) as lieutenant colonel, 200; and
       ``(D) as colonel, 100.
       ``(2) In the case of the Air Force--
       ``(A) as captain, 100;
       ``(B) as major, 325;
       ``(C) as lieutenant colonel, 175; and
       ``(D) as colonel, 80.
       ``(3) In the case of the Marine Corps--
       ``(A) as captain, 50;
       ``(B) as major, 175;
       ``(C) as lieutenant colonel, 100; and
       ``(D) as colonel, 50.
       ``(4) In the case of the Navy--
       ``(A) as lieutenant, 100;
       ``(B) as lieutenant commander, 325;
       ``(C) as commander, 175; and
       ``(D) as captain, 80.''.
       (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at the 
     beginning of chapter 35 of such title is amended by adding at 
     the end the following new item:


[[Page S4080]]


``605. Promotion to certain grades for officers with critical skills: 
              colonel, lieutenant colonel, major, captain; captain, 
              commander, lieutenant commander, lieutenant.''.
       (b) Repeal of Superseded Authority Applicable to Navy 
     Lieutenants.--
       (1) Repeal.--Chapter 544 of title 10, United States Code, 
     is repealed.
       (2) Clerical amendments.--The tables of chapters at the 
     beginning of title 10, United States Code, and at the 
     beginning of subtitle C of such title, are each amended by 
     striking the item relating to chapter 544.

     SEC. 506. AUTHORITY FOR PROMOTION BOARDS TO RECOMMEND 
                   OFFICERS OF PARTICULAR MERIT BE PLACED HIGHER 
                   ON A PROMOTION LIST.

       (a) DOPMA Boards.--
       (1) In general.--Section 616 of title 10, United States 
     Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new 
     subsection:
       ``(g)(1) In selecting the officers to be recommended for 
     promotion, a selection board may, when authorized by the 
     Secretary of the military department concerned, recommend 
     officers of particular merit, from among those officers 
     selected for promotion, to be placed higher on the promotion 
     list established by the Secretary under section 624(a)(1) of 
     this title.
       ``(2) An officer may be recommended to be placed higher on 
     a promotion list under paragraph (1) only if the officer 
     receives the recommendation of at least a majority of the 
     members of the board, unless the Secretary concerned 
     establishes an alternative requirement. Any such alternative 
     requirement shall be furnished to the board as part of the 
     guidelines furnished to the board under section 615 of this 
     title.
       ``(3) For the officers recommended to be placed higher on a 
     promotion list under paragraph (1), the board shall recommend 
     the order in which those officers should be placed on the 
     list.''.
       (2) Promotion selection board reports recommending officers 
     of particular merit be placed higher on promotion list.--
     Section 617 of such title is amended by adding at the end the 
     following new subsection:
       ``(d) A selection board convened under section 611(a) of 
     this title shall, when authorized under section 616(g) of 
     this title, include in its report to the Secretary concerned 
     the names of those officers recommended by the board to be 
     placed higher on the promotion list and the order in which 
     the board recommends that those officers should be placed on 
     the list.''.
       (3) Officers of particular merit appearing higher on 
     promotion list.--Section 624(a)(1) of such title is amended 
     in the first sentence by adding at the end ``or based on 
     particular merit, as determined by the promotion board''.
       (b) ROPMA Boards.--
       (1) In general.--Section 14108 of title 10, United States 
     Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new 
     subsection:
       ``(f) Officers of Particular Merit.--(1) In selecting the 
     officers to be recommended for promotion, a promotion board 
     may, when authorized by the Secretary of the military 
     department concerned, recommend officers of particular merit, 
     from among those officers selected for promotion, to be 
     placed higher on the promotion list established by the 
     Secretary under section 14308(a) of this title.
       ``(2) An officer may be recommended to be placed higher on 
     a promotion list under paragraph (1) only if the officer 
     receives the recommendation of at least a majority of the 
     members of the board, unless the Secretary concerned 
     establishes an alternative requirement. Any such alternative 
     requirement shall be furnished to the board as part of the 
     guidelines furnished to the board under section 14107 of this 
     title.
       ``(3) For the officers recommended to be placed higher on a 
     promotion list under paragraph (1), the board shall recommend 
     the order in which those officers should be placed on the 
     list.''.
       (2) Promotion board reports recommending officers of 
     particular merit be placed higher on promotion list.--Section 
     14109 of such title is amended by adding at the end the 
     following new subsection:
       ``(d) Officers of Particular Merit.--A promotion board 
     convened under section 14101(a) of this title shall, when 
     authorized under section 14108(f) of this title, include in 
     its report to the Secretary concerned the names of those 
     officers recommended by the board to be placed higher on the 
     promotion list and the order in which the board recommends 
     that those officers should be placed on the list.''.
       (3) Officers of particular merit appearing higher on 
     promotion list.--Section 14308(a) of such title is amended in 
     the first sentence by adding at the end ``or based on 
     particular merit, as determined by the promotion board''.

     SEC. 507. AUTHORITY FOR OFFICERS TO OPT OUT OF PROMOTION 
                   BOARD CONSIDERATION.

       (a) Active-Duty List Officers.--Section 619 of title 10, 
     United States Code, is amended--
       (1) in subsection (d), by adding at the end the following 
     new paragraph:
       ``(6) An officer excluded under subsection (e).''; and
       (2) by adding at the end the following new subsection:
       ``(e) Authority To Allow Officers To Opt Out of Selection 
     Board Consideration.--(1) The Secretary of a military 
     department may provide that an officer under the jurisdiction 
     of the Secretary may, upon the officer's request and with the 
     approval of the Secretary, be excluded from consideration by 
     a selection board convened under section 611(a) of this title 
     to consider officers for promotion to the next higher grade.
       ``(2) The Secretary concerned may only approve a request 
     under paragraph (1) if--
       ``(A) the basis for the request is to allow an officer to 
     complete a broadening assignment, advanced education, another 
     assignment of significant value to the Department, or a 
     career progression requirement delayed by the assignment or 
     education;
       ``(B) the Secretary determines the exclusion from 
     consideration is in the best interest of the military 
     department concerned; and
       ``(C) the officer has not previously failed of selection 
     for promotion to the grade for which the officer requests the 
     exclusion from consideration.''.
       (b) Reserve Active-Status List Officers.--Section 14301 of 
     such title is amended--
       (1) in subsection (c)--
       (A) in the subsection heading, by striking ``Previously 
     Selected Officers Not Eligible'' and inserting ``Certain 
     Officers Not''; and
       (B) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
       ``(6) An officer excluded under subsection (j).''; and
       (2) by adding at the end the following new subsection:
       ``(j) Authority To Allow Officers To Opt Out of Selection 
     Board Consideration.--(1) The Secretary a military department 
     may provide that an officer under the jurisdiction of the 
     Secretary may, upon the officer's request and with the 
     approval of the Secretary, be excluded from consideration by 
     a selection board convened under section 14101(a) of this 
     title to consider officers for promotion to the next higher 
     grade.
       ``(2) The Secretary concerned may only approve a request 
     under paragraph (1) if--
       ``(A) the basis for the request is to allow an officer to 
     complete a broadening assignment, advanced education, another 
     assignment of significant value to the Department, or a 
     career progression requirement delayed by the assignment or 
     education;
       ``(B) the Secretary determines the exclusion from 
     consideration is in the best interest of the military 
     department concerned; and
       ``(C) the officer has not previously failed of selection 
     for promotion to the grade for which the officer requests the 
     exclusion from consideration.''.

     SEC. 508. COMPETITIVE CATEGORY MATTERS.

       Section 621 of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
       (1) by inserting ``(a) Competitive Categories.--'' before 
     ``Under regulations''; and
       (2) by adding at the end the following new subsections:
       ``(b) Bases for Competitive Categories.--Competitive 
     categories shall be established on the bases as follows:
       ``(1) Officers occupying similar officer qualifications, 
     specialties, occupations, or ratings shall be grouped 
     together.
       ``(2) Promotion timing, promotion opportunity, and officer 
     career length shall each be tailored to particular officer 
     qualifications, specialties, occupations, or ratings.
       ``(c) Consistency Not Required in Promotion Timing or 
     Opportunity.--In establishing competitive categories, the 
     Secretary of a military department shall not be required to 
     provide consistency in promotion timing or promotion 
     opportunity among competitive categories of the armed force 
     concerned.''.

     SEC. 509. PROMOTION ZONE MATTERS.

       (a) Alignment With Annual Defense Manpower Requirements 
     Reports.--Subsection (b) of section 623 of title 10, United 
     States Code, is amended--
       (1) in paragraph (3), by striking ``and'' at the end;
       (2) in paragraph (4), by striking the period at the end and 
     inserting ``; and''; and
       (3) by adding after paragraph (4) the following new 
     paragraph (5):
       ``(5) the alignment of opportunities for promotion for 
     officers considered by any particular selection board with 
     opportunities for promotion in the next year as estimated 
     pursuant to paragraph (4) and reported in the annual defense 
     manpower requirements report covering such year under section 
     115a of this title.''.
       (b) Prohibition on Determination of Officers in Promotion 
     Zone Based on Year of Original Appointment to Current 
     Grade.--
       (1) In general.--Such section is further amended by adding 
     at the end the following new subsection:
       ``(c) The Secretary concerned may not determine the number 
     of officers in a promotion zone on the basis of the year in 
     which officers receive their original appointment in their 
     current grade.''.
       (2) Effective date.--The amendment made by paragraph (1) 
     shall take effect on the date of the enactment of this Act, 
     and shall apply with respect to promotion zones established 
     for promotion selection boards convened on or after that 
     date.

     SEC. 510. ALTERNATIVE PROMOTION AUTHORITY FOR OFFICERS IN 
                   DESIGNATED COMPETITIVE CATEGORIES OF OFFICERS.

       (a) Alternative Promotion Authority.--
       (1) In general.--Chapter 36 of title 10, United States 
     Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new 
     subchapter:

   ``SUBCHAPTER VI--ALTERNATIVE PROMOTION AUTHORITY FOR OFFICERS IN 
                   DESIGNATED COMPETITIVE CATEGORIES

``Sec.
``649a. Officers in designated competitive categories.
``649b. Selection for promotion.
``649c. Eligibility for consideration for promotion.
``649d. Opportunities for consideration for promotion.
``649e. Promotions.
``649f. Failure of selection for promotion.
``649g. Retirement: retirement for years of service; selective early 
              retirement.
``649h. Continuation on active duty.

[[Page S4081]]

``649h-1. Continuation on active duty: officers in certain military 
              specialties and career tracks.
``649i. Other administrative authorities.
``649j. Regulations.

     ``Sec. 649a. Officers in designated competitive categories

       ``(a) Authority To Designate Competitive Categories of 
     Officers.--Each Secretary of a military department may 
     designate one or more competitive categories for promotion of 
     officers under section 621 of this title that are under the 
     jurisdiction of such Secretary as a competitive category of 
     officers whose promotion, retirement, and continuation on 
     active duty shall be subject to the provisions of this 
     subchapter.
       ``(b) Limitation on Exercise of Authority.--The Secretary 
     of a military department may not designate a competitive 
     category of officers for purposes of this subchapter until 60 
     days after the date on which the Secretary submits to the 
     Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of 
     Representatives a report on the designation of the 
     competitive category. The report on the designation of a 
     competitive category shall set forth the following:
       ``(1) A detailed description of officer requirements for 
     officers within the competitive category.
       ``(2) An explanation of the number of opportunities for 
     consideration for promotion to each particular grade, and an 
     estimate of promotion timing, within the competitive 
     category.
       ``(3) An estimate of the size of the promotion zone for 
     each grade within the competitive category.
       ``(4) A description of any other matters the Secretary 
     considered in determining to designate the competitive 
     category for purposes of this subchapter.

     ``Sec. 649b. Selection for promotion

       ``(a) In General.--Except as provided in this section, the 
     selection for promotion of officers in any competitive 
     category of officers designated for purposes of this 
     subchapter shall be governed by the provisions of subchapter 
     I of this chapter.
       ``(b) No Recommendation for Promotion of Officers Below 
     Promotion Zone.--Section 616(b) of this title shall not apply 
     to the selection for promotion of officers described in 
     subsection (a).
       ``(c) Recommendation for Officers To Be Excluded From 
     Future Consideration for Promotion.--In making 
     recommendations pursuant to section 616 of this title for 
     purposes of the administration of this subchapter, a 
     selection board convened under section 611(a) of this title 
     may recommend that an officer considered by the board be 
     excluded from future consideration for promotion under this 
     chapter.

     ``Sec. 649c. Eligibility for consideration for promotion

       ``(a) In General.--Except as provided by this section, 
     eligibility for promotion of officers in any competitive 
     category of officers designated for purposes of this 
     subchapter shall be governed by the provisions of section 619 
     of this title.
       ``(b) Inapplicability of Certain Time-in-grade 
     Requirements.--Paragraphs (2) through (4) of section 619(a) 
     of this title shall not apply to the promotion of officers 
     described in subsection (a).
       ``(c) Inapplicability to Officers Above and Below Promotion 
     Zone.--The following provisions of section 619(c) of this 
     title shall not apply to the promotion of officers described 
     in subsection (a):
       ``(1) The reference in paragraph (1) of that section to an 
     officer above the promotion zone.
       ``(2) Paragraph (2)(A) of that section.
       ``(d) Ineligibility of Certain Officers.--The following 
     officers are not eligible for promotion under this 
     subchapter:
       ``(1) An officer described in section 619(d) of this title.
       ``(2) An officer not included within the promotion zone.
       ``(3) An officer who has failed of promotion to a higher 
     grade the maximum number of times specified for opportunities 
     for promotion for such grade within the competitive category 
     concerned pursuant to section 649d of this title.
       ``(4) An officer recommended by a selection board to be 
     removed from consideration for promotion in accordance with 
     section 649b(c) of this title.

     ``Sec. 649d. Opportunities for consideration for promotion

       ``(a) Specification of Number of Opportunities for 
     Consideration for Promotion.--In designating a competitive 
     category of officers pursuant to section 649a of this title, 
     the Secretary of a military department shall specify the 
     number of opportunities for consideration for promotion to be 
     afforded officers of the armed force concerned within the 
     category for promotion to each grade above the grade of first 
     lieutenant or lieutenant (junior grade), as applicable.
       ``(b) Limited Authority of Secretary of Military Department 
     to Modify Number of Opportunities.--The Secretary of a 
     military department may modify the number of opportunities 
     for consideration for promotion to be afforded officers of an 
     armed force within a competitive category for promotion to a 
     particular grade, as previously specified by the Secretary 
     pursuant subsection (a) or this subsection, not more 
     frequently than once every five years.
       ``(c) Discretionary Authority of Secretary of Defense to 
     Modify Number of Opportunities.--The Secretary of Defense may 
     modify the number of opportunities for consideration for 
     promotion to be afforded officers of an armed force within a 
     competitive category for promotion to a particular grade, as 
     previously specified or modified pursuant to any provision of 
     this section, at the discretion of the Secretary.
       ``(d) Limitation on Number of Opportunities Specified.--The 
     number of opportunities for consideration for promotion to be 
     afforded officers of an armed force within a competitive 
     category for promotion to a particular grade, as specified or 
     modified pursuant to any provision of this section, may not 
     exceed five opportunities.
       ``(e) Effect of Certain Reduction in Number of 
     Opportunities Specified.--If, by reason of a reduction in the 
     number of opportunities for consideration for promotion under 
     this section, an officer would no longer have one or more 
     opportunities for consideration for promotion that were 
     available to the officer before the reduction, the officer 
     shall be afforded one additional opportunity for 
     consideration for promotion after the reduction.

     ``Sec. 649e. Promotions

       ``Sections 620 through 626 of this title shall apply in 
     promotions of officers in competitive categories of officers 
     designated for purposes of this subchapter.

     ``Sec. 649f. Failure of selection for promotion

       ``(a) In General.--Except as provided in this section, 
     sections 627 through 632 of this title shall apply to 
     promotions of officers in competitive categories of officers 
     designated for purposes of this subchapter.
       ``(b) Inapplicability of Failure of Selection for Promotion 
     to Officers Above Promotion Zone.--The reference in section 
     627 of this title to an officer above the promotion zone 
     shall not apply in the promotion of officers described in 
     subsection (a).
       ``(c) Special Selection Board Matters.--The reference in 
     section 628(a)(1) of this title to a person above the 
     promotion zone shall not apply in the promotion of officers 
     described in subsection (a).
       ``(d) Effect of Failure of Selection.--In the 
     administration of this subchapter pursuant to subsection 
     (a)--
       ``(1) an officer described in subsection (a) shall not be 
     deemed to have failed twice of selection for promotion for 
     purposes of section 629(e)(2) of this title until the officer 
     has failed selection of promotion to the next higher grade 
     the maximum number of times specified for opportunities for 
     promotion to such grade within the competitive category 
     concerned pursuant to section 649d of this title; and
       ``(2) any reference in section 631(a) or 632(a) of this 
     title to an officer who has failed of selection for promotion 
     to the next higher grade for the second time shall be deemed 
     to refer instead to an officer described in subsection (a) 
     who has failed of selection for promotion to the next higher 
     grade for the maximum number of times specified for 
     opportunities for promotion to such grade within the 
     competitive category concerned pursuant to such section 649d.

     ``Sec. 649g. Retirement: retirement for years of service; 
       selective early retirement

       ``(a) Retirement for Years of Services.--Sections 633 
     through 636 of this title shall apply to the retirement of 
     officers in competitive categories of officers designated for 
     purposes of this subchapter.
       ``(b) Selective Early Retirement.--Sections 638 and 638a of 
     this title shall apply to the retirement of officers 
     described in subsection (a).

     ``Sec. 649h. Continuation on active duty

       ``(a) In General.--An officer subject to discharge or 
     retirement pursuant to this subchapter may, subject to the 
     needs of the service, be continued on active duty if the 
     officer is selected for continuation on active duty in 
     accordance with this section by a selection board convened 
     under section 611(b) of this title.
       ``(b) Identification of Positions for Officers Continued on 
     Active Duty.--
       ``(1) In general.--Officers may be selected for 
     continuation on active duty pursuant to this section only for 
     assignment to positions identified by the Secretary of the 
     military department concerned for which vacancies exist or 
     are anticipated to exist.
       ``(2) Identification.--Before convening a selection board 
     pursuant to section 611(b) of this title for purposes of 
     selection of officers for continuation on active duty 
     pursuant to this section, the Secretary of the military 
     department concerned shall specify for purposes of the board 
     the positions identified by the Secretary to which officers 
     selected for continuation on active duty may be assigned.
       ``(c) Recommendation for Continuation.--A selection board 
     may recommend an officer for continuation on active duty 
     pursuant to this section only if the board determines that 
     the officer is qualified for assignment to one or more 
     positions identified pursuant to subsection (b) on the basis 
     of skills, knowledge, and behavior required of an officer to 
     perform successfully in such position or positions.
       ``(d) Approval of Secretary of Military Department.--
     Continuation of an officer on active duty under this section 
     pursuant to the action of a selection board is subject to the 
     approval of the Secretary of the military department 
     concerned.
       ``(e) Nonacceptance of Continuation.--An officer who is 
     selected for continuation on active duty pursuant to this 
     section, but who declines to continue on active duty, shall 
     be discharged or retired, as appropriate, in accordance with 
     section 632 of this title.
       ``(f) Period of Continuation.--
       ``(1) In general.--An officer continued on active duty 
     pursuant to this section shall remain on active duty, and 
     serve in the position to which assigned (or in another 
     position to which assigned with the approval of the Secretary 
     of the military department concerned), for a total of not 
     more than three years afer the date of assignment to the 
     position to which first so assigned.
       ``(2) Additional continuation.--An officer whose continued 
     service pursuant to this section

[[Page S4082]]

     would otherwise expire pursuant to paragraph (1) may be 
     continued on active duty if selected for continuation on 
     active duty in accordance with this section before the date 
     of expiration pursuant to that paragraph.
       ``(g) Effect of Expiration of Continuation.--Each officer 
     continued on active duty pursuant to this subsection who is 
     not selected for continuation on active duty pursuant to 
     subsection (f)(2) at the completion of the officer's term of 
     continued service shall, unless sooner discharged or retired 
     under another provision of law--
       ``(1) be discharged upon the expiration of the term of 
     continued service; or
       ``(2) if eligible for retirement under another other 
     provision of law, be retired under that law on the first day 
     of the first month following the month in which the officer 
     completes the term of continued service.
       ``(h) Treatment of Discharge or Retirement.--The discharge 
     or retirement of an officer pursuant to this section shall be 
     considered to be an involuntary discharge or retirement for 
     purposes of any other provision of law.

     ``Sec. 649h-1. Continuation on active duty: officers in 
       certain military specialties and career tracks

       ``In addition to continuation on active duty provided for 
     in section 649h of this title, an officer to whom section 
     637a of this title applies may be continued on active duty in 
     accordance with the provisions of such section 637a.

     ``Sec. 649i. Other administrative authorities

       ``(a) In General.--The following provisions of this title 
     shall apply to officers in competitive categories of officers 
     designated for purposes of this subchapter:
       ``(1) Section 638b, relating to voluntary retirement 
     incentives.
       ``(2) Section 639, relating to continuation on active duty 
     to complete disciplinary action.
       ``(3) Section 640, relating to deferment of retirement or 
     separation for medical reasons.

     ``Sec. 649j. Regulations

       ``The Secretary of Defense shall prescribe regulations 
     regarding the administration of this subchapter. The elements 
     of such regulations shall include mechanisms to clarify the 
     manner in which provisions of other subchapters of this 
     chapter shall be used in the administration of this 
     subchapter in accordance with the provisions of this 
     subchapter.''.
       (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of subchapters at the 
     beginning of chapter 36 of such title is amended by adding at 
     the end the following new item:

``VI. Alternative Promotion Authority for Officers in Designated 
    Competitive Categories..................................649a''.....

       (b) Report.--
       (1) In general.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
     the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall, in 
     consultation with the Secretaries of the military 
     departments, submit to the Committees on Armed Services of 
     the Senate and the House of Representatives a report on the 
     authorities in subchapter VI of chapter 36 of title 10, 
     United States Code (as added by subsection (a)).
       (2) Elements.--The report shall include the following:
       (A) A detailed analysis and assessment of the manner in 
     which the exercise of the authorities in subchapter VI of 
     chapter 36 of title 10, United States Code (as so added), 
     will effect the career progression of commissioned officers 
     in the Armed Forces.
       (B) A description of the competitive categories of officers 
     that are anticipated to be designated as competitive 
     categories of officers for purposes of such authorities.
       (C) A plan for implementation of such authorities.
       (D) Such recommendations for legislative or administrative 
     action as the Secretary of Defense considers appropriate to 
     improve or enhance such authorities.

     SEC. 511. APPLICABILITY TO ADDITIONAL OFFICER GRADES OF 
                   AUTHORITY FOR CONTINUATION ON ACTIVE DUTY OF 
                   OFFICERS IN CERTAIN MILITARY SPECIALTIES AND 
                   CAREER TRACKS.

       Section 637a(a) of title 10, United States Code, is 
     amended--
       (1) by striking ``grade O-4'' and inserting ``grade O-2''; 
     and
       (2) by inserting ``632,'' before ``633,''.

                         PART II--OTHER MATTERS

     SEC. 516. MATTERS RELATING TO SATISFACTORY SERVICE IN GRADE 
                   FOR PURPOSES OF RETIREMENT GRADE OF OFFICERS IN 
                   HIGHEST GRADE OF SATISFACTORY SERVICE.

       (a) Conditional Determinations of Grade of Satisfactory 
     Service.--
       (1) In general.--Subsection (a)(1) of section 1370 of title 
     10, United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the 
     following new sentences: ``When an officer is under 
     investigation for alleged misconduct at the time of 
     retirement, the Secretary concerned may conditionally 
     determine the highest grade of satisfactory service of the 
     officer pending completion of the investigation. Such grade 
     is subject to reopening in accordance with subsection (f).''.
       (2) Officers in o-9 and o-10 grades.--Subsection (c) of 
     such section is amended by adding at the end the following 
     new paragraph:
       ``(4) The Secretary of Defense may make a conditional 
     certification regarding satisfactory service in grade under 
     paragraph (1) with respect to an officer under that paragraph 
     notwithstanding the fact that there is pending the 
     disposition of an adverse personnel action against the 
     officer for alleged misconduct. The retired grade of an 
     officer following such a conditional certification is subject 
     to reopening in accordance with subsection (f).''.
       (3) Reserve officers.--Subsection (d)(1) of such section is 
     amended by adding at the end the following new sentences: 
     ``When an officer is under investigation for alleged 
     misconduct at the time of retirement, the Secretary concerned 
     may conditionally determine the highest grade of satisfactory 
     service of the officer pending completion of the 
     investigation. Such grade is subject to reopening in 
     accordance with subsection (f).''.
       (b) Determinations of Satisfactory Service.--Such section 
     is further amended--
       (1) by redesignating subsection (e) as subsection (g); and
       (2) by inserting after subsection (d) the following new 
     subsection (e):
       ``(e) Determinations of Satisfactory Service in Grade.--The 
     determination whether an officer's service in grade is 
     satisfactory for purposes of any provision of this section 
     shall--
       ``(1) be based on quantative and qualitative 
     considerations;
       ``(2) take into account both acts and omissions; and
       ``(3) take into account service in current grade and in any 
     prior grade in which served (whether a lower or higher 
     grade).''.
       (c) Finality of Retired Grade Determinations.--Such section 
     is further amended by inserting after subsection (e), as 
     amended by subsection (b) of this section, the following new 
     subsection:
       ``(f) Finality of Retired Grade Determinations.--(1) Except 
     as otherwise provided by law, a determination or 
     certification of the retired grade of an officer pursuant to 
     this section is administratively final on the day the officer 
     is retired, and may not be reopened.
       ``(2) A determination or certification of the retired grade 
     of an officer may be reopened as follows:
       ``(A) If the retirement or retired grade of the officer was 
     procured by fraud.
       ``(B) If substantial evidence comes to light after the 
     retirement that could have led to a lower retired grade under 
     this section if known by competent authority at the time of 
     retirement.
       ``(C) If a mistake of law or calculation was made in the 
     determination of the retired grade.
       ``(D) In the case of a retired grade following a 
     conditional determination under subsection (a)(1) or (d)(1) 
     or conditional certification under subsection (c)(4), if the 
     investigation of or personnel action against the officer, as 
     applicable, results in adverse findings.
       ``(E) If the Secretary concerned determines, pursuant to 
     regulations prescribed by the Secretary of Defense, that good 
     cause exists to reopen the determination or certification.
       ``(3) If a determination or certification of the retired 
     grade of an officer is reopened, the Secretary concerned--
       ``(A) shall notify the officer of the reopening; and
       ``(B) may not make an adverse determination on the retired 
     grade of the officer until the officer has had a reasonable 
     opportunity to respond regarding the basis of the reopening.
       ``(4) If a certification of the retired grade of an officer 
     covered by subsection (c) is reopened, the Secretary 
     concerned shall also notify the President and Congress of the 
     reopening.
       ``(5) If the retired grade of an officer is reduced through 
     the reopening of the officer's retired grade, the retired pay 
     of the officer under chapter 71 of this title shall be 
     recalculated, and any modification of the retired pay of the 
     officer shall go into effect on the effective date of the 
     reduction of the officer's retired grade.''.
       (d) Effective Date.--The amendments made by subsection (a) 
     shall take effect on the date of the enactment of this Act, 
     and shall apply with respect to officers who retire from the 
     Armed Forces on or after that date.

     SEC. 517. REDUCTION IN NUMBER OF YEARS OF ACTIVE NAVAL 
                   SERVICE REQUIRED FOR PERMANENT APPOINTMENT AS A 
                   LIMITED DUTY OFFICER.

       Section 5589(d) of title 10, United States Code, is amended 
     by striking ``10 years'' and inserting ``8 years''.

     SEC. 518. REPEAL OF ORIGINAL APPOINTMENT QUALIFICATION 
                   REQUIREMENT FOR WARRANT OFFICERS IN THE REGULAR 
                   ARMY.

       (a) In General.--Section 3310 of title 10, United States 
     Code, is repealed.
       (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the 
     beginning of chapter 335 of such title is amended by striking 
     the item relating to section 3310.

     SEC. 519. UNIFORM GRADE OF SERVICE OF THE CHIEFS OF CHAPLAINS 
                   OF THE ARMED FORCES.

       The grade of service as Chief of Chaplains of the Army, 
     Chief of Chaplains of the Navy, and Chief of Chaplains of the 
     Air Force of an officer serving in such position shall be 
     such grade as the Secretary of Defense shall specify. The 
     grade of service shall be the same for service in each such 
     position.

     SEC. 520. WRITTEN JUSTIFICATION FOR APPOINTMENT OF CHIEFS OF 
                   CHAPLAINS IN GRADE BELOW GRADE OF MAJOR GENERAL 
                   OR REAR ADMIRAL.

       (a) Chief of Chaplains of the Army.--Section 3036 of title 
     10, United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the 
     following new subsection:
       ``(h) If an individual is appointed Chief of Chaplains in a 
     regular grade below the grade of major general, the Secretary 
     of the Army shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services 
     of the Senate and the House of Representatives a report 
     setting forth in writing the justification for the 
     appointment of the individual as Chief of Chaplains in such 
     lower grade.''.
       (b) Chief of Chaplains of the Navy.--Section 5142(b) of 
     such title is amended--
       (1) by inserting ``(1)'' after ``(b)''; and
       (2) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:

[[Page S4083]]

       ``(2) If an individual is appointed Chief of Chaplains in a 
     regular grade below the grade of rear admiral, the Secretary 
     of the Navy shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services 
     of the Senate and the House of Representatives a report 
     setting forth in writing the justification for the 
     appointment of the individual as Chief of Chaplains in such 
     lower grade.''.
       (c) Chief of Chaplains of the Air Force.--Section 8039(a) 
     of such title is amended--
       (1) by redesignating paragraphs (2) and (3) as paragraphs 
     (3) and (4), respectively; and
       (2) by inserting after paragraph (1) the following new 
     paragraph (2):
       ``(2) If an individual is appointed Chief of Chaplains in a 
     regular grade below the grade of major general, the Secretary 
     of the Air Force shall submit to the Committees on Armed 
     Services of the Senate and the House of Representatives a 
     report setting forth in writing the justification for the 
     appointment of the individual as Chief of Chaplains in such 
     lower grade.''.

                Subtitle B--Reserve Component Management

     SEC. 521. AUTHORITY TO ADJUST EFFECTIVE DATE OF PROMOTION IN 
                   THE EVENT OF UNDUE DELAY IN EXTENDING FEDERAL 
                   RECOGNITION OF PROMOTION.

       (a) In General.--Section 14308(f) of title 10, United 
     States Code, is amended--
       (1) by inserting ``(1)'' before ``The effective date of 
     promotion''; and
       (2) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
       ``(2) If the Secretary concerned determines that there was 
     an undue delay in extending Federal recognition in the next 
     higher grade in the Army National Guard or the Air National 
     Guard to a reserve commissioned officer of the Army or the 
     Air Force, and the delay was not attributable to the action 
     (or inaction) of such officer, the effective date of the 
     promotion concerned under paragraph (1) may be adjusted to a 
     date determined by the Secretary concerned, but not earlier 
     than the effective date of the State promotion.''.
       (b) Effective Date.--The amendments made by subsection (a) 
     shall take effect on the date of the enactment of this Act, 
     and shall apply with respect to promotions of officers whose 
     State effective date is on or after that date.

     SEC. 522. AUTHORITY TO DESIGNATE CERTAIN RESERVE OFFICERS AS 
                   NOT TO BE CONSIDERED FOR SELECTION FOR 
                   PROMOTION.

       Section 14301 of title 10, United States Code, is amended 
     by adding at the end the following new subsection:
       ``(j) Certain Officers Not to Be Considered for Selection 
     for Promotion.--The Secretary of the military department 
     concerned may provide that an officer who is in an active 
     status, but is in a duty status in which the only points the 
     officer accrues under section 12732(a)(2) of this title are 
     pursuant to subparagraph (C)(i) of that section (relating to 
     membership in a reserve component), shall not be considered 
     for selection for promotion until completion of two years of 
     service in such duty status. Any such officer may remain on 
     the reserve active-status list.''.

     SEC. 523. EXPANSION OF PERSONNEL SUBJECT TO AUTHORITY OF THE 
                   CHIEF OF THE NATIONAL GUARD BUREAU IN THE 
                   EXECUTION OF FUNCTIONS AND MISSIONS OF THE 
                   NATIONAL GUARD BUREAU.

       Section 10508(b)(1) of title 10, United States Code, is 
     amended by striking ``sections 2103,'' and all that follows 
     through ``of title 32,'' and inserting ``sections 2102, 2103, 
     2105, and 3101, and subchapter IV of chapter 53, of title 5, 
     or sections 328 and 709 of title 32,''.

     SEC. 524. REPEAL OF PROHIBITION ON SERVICE ON ARMY RESERVE 
                   FORCES POLICY COMMITTEE BY MEMBERS ON ACTIVE 
                   DUTY.

       Section 10302 of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
       (1) in subsection (b), by striking ``not on active duty'' 
     each place it appears; and
       (2) in subsection (c)--
       (A) by inserting ``of the reserve components'' after 
     ``among the members''; and
       (B) by striking ``not on active duty''.

                Subtitle C--General Service Authorities

     SEC. 531. ASSESSMENT OF NAVY STANDARD WORKWEEK AND RELATED 
                   ADJUSTMENTS.

       (a) Assessment.--The Secretary of the Navy shall conduct a 
     comprehensive assessment of the Navy standard workweek.
       (b) Other Requirements.--The Secretary shall--
       (1) update Office of the Chief of Naval Operations 
     Instruction 1000.16L in order to--
       (A) obtain an examination of current in-port workloads; and
       (B) identify the manpower necessary to execute in-port 
     workload for all surface ship classes;
       (2) update the criteria used in the Instruction referred to 
     in paragraph (1) that are used to reassess the factors used 
     to calculate manpower requirements periodically or when 
     conditions change; and
       (3) using the updates required by paragraphs (1) and (2), 
     identify personnel needs and costs associated with the 
     planned larger size of the Navy fleet.
       (c) Added Demands.--The Secretary shall identify and 
     quantify added demands on Navy ship crews, including Ready 
     Relevant Learning training periods and additional work that 
     affects readiness and technical qualifications for Navy ship 
     crews.
       (d) Deadline.--The Secretary shall complete carrying out 
     the requirements in this section by not later than 180 days 
     after the date of the enactment of this Act.

     SEC. 532. MANNING OF FORWARD DEPLOYED NAVAL FORCES.

       Commencing not later than October 1, 2019, the Secretary of 
     the Navy shall implement a policy to man ships homeported 
     overseas (commonly referred to as ``Forward Deployed Naval 
     Forces'') at manning levels not less than the levels 
     established for each ship class or type of unit, including 
     any adjustments resulting from as a result of changes from 
     actions in connection with section 531, relating to an 
     assessment of the Navy standard workweek and related 
     adjustments.

     SEC. 533. NAVY WATCHSTANDER RECORDS.

       (a) In General.--The Secretary of the Navy shall require 
     that, commencing not later than 180 days after the date of 
     the enactment of this Act, key watchstanders on Navy surface 
     ships shall maintain a career record of watchstanding hours 
     and specific operational evolutions.
       (b) Key Watchstander Defined.--In this section, the term 
     ``key watchstander'' means each of the following:
       (1) Officer of the Deck.
       (2) Any other officer specified by the Secretary for 
     purposes of this section.

     SEC. 534. QUALIFICATION EXPERIENCE REQUIREMENTS FOR CERTAIN 
                   NAVY WATCHSTATIONS.

       (a) In General.--Not later than 90 days after the date the 
     of enactment of this Act, the Secretary of the Navy shall 
     submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and 
     the House of Representatives a report on the adequacy of 
     individual training for certain watchstations, including any 
     planned or recommended changes in qualification standards for 
     such watchstations.
       (b) Watchstations.--The watchstations covered by the report 
     required by subsection (a) are the following:
       (1) Officer of the Deck.
       (2) Combat Information Center Watch Officer.
       (3) Tactical Action Officer.

     SEC. 535. REPEAL OF 15-YEAR STATUTE OF LIMITATIONS ON MOTIONS 
                   OR REQUESTS FOR REVIEW OF DISCHARGE OR 
                   DISMISSAL FROM THE ARMED FORCES.

       (a) Repeal.--Section 1553(a) of title 10, United States 
     Code, is amended by striking the second sentence.
       (b) Effective Date.--The amendment made by this section 
     shall take effect on October 1, 2019.

     SEC. 536. TREATMENT OF CLAIMS RELATING TO MILITARY SEXUAL 
                   TRAUMA IN CORRECTION OF MILITARY RECORDS AND 
                   REVIEW OF DISCHARGE OR DISMISSAL PROCEEDINGS.

       (a) Correction of Military Records.--
       (1) In general.--Subsection (h) of section 1552 of title 
     10, United States Code, is amended in paragraphs (1) and 
     (2)(B), by striking ``post-traumatic stress disorder or 
     traumatic brain injury'' and inserting ``post-traumatic 
     stress disorder, traumatic brain injury, or military sexual 
     trauma''.
       (2) Quarterly reports.--Subsection (i)(1) of such section 
     is amended by inserting ``, or an experience of military 
     sexual trauma,'' after ``traumatic brain injury''.
       (b) Review of Discharge or Dismissal.--Section 1553(d) of 
     such title is amended--
       (1) by striking ``or traumatic brain injury'' each place it 
     appears (other than the second place it appears in paragraph 
     (3)(B)) and inserting ``, traumatic brain injury, or military 
     sexual trauma''; and
       (2) in paragraph (3)(B), by inserting ``and'' before 
     ``whose'' the second place it appears.

                  Subtitle D--Military Justice Matters

     SEC. 541. PUNITIVE ARTICLE ON DOMESTIC VIOLENCE UNDER THE 
                   UNIFORM CODE OF MILITARY JUSTICE.

       (a) Punitive Article.--
       (1) In general.--Subchapter X of chapter 47 of title 10, 
     United States Code (the Uniform Code of Military Justice), is 
     amended by inserting after section 928a (article 128a) the 
     following new section (article):

     ``Sec. 928b. Art. 128b. Domestic violence

       ``(a) In General.--Any person who--
       ``(1) commits a violent offense against a spouse, an 
     intimate partner, or an immediate family member of that 
     person;
       ``(2) with intent to threaten or intimidate a spouse, an 
     intimate partner, or an immediate family member of that 
     person--
       ``(A) commits an offense under this chapter against any 
     person; or
       ``(B) commits an offense under this chapter against any 
     property, including an animal;
       ``(3) with intent to threaten or intimidate a spouse, an 
     intimate partner, or an immediate family member of that 
     person, violates a protection order;
       ``(4) with intent to commit a violent offense against a 
     spouse, an intimate partner, or an immediate family member of 
     that person, violates a protection order; or
       ``(5) assaults a spouse, an intimate partner, or an 
     immediate family member of that person by strangling or 
     suffocating;
     shall be punished as a court-martial may direct.
       ``(b) Definitions.--In this section (article):
       ``(1) Immediate family.--The term `immediate family', with 
     respect to an accused, means a spouse, parent, brother or 
     sister, child of the accused, a person to whom the accused 
     stands in loco parentis, and any other person who lives in 
     the household involved and is related by blood or marriage to 
     the accused.
       ``(2) Intimate partner.--The term `intimate partner', with 
     respect to an accused, means--
       ``(A) a former spouse of the accused;
       ``(B) a person who has a child in common with the accused;
       ``(C) a person who cohabits or has cohabited as a spouse 
     with the accused; or
       ``(D) a person who is or has been in a social relationship 
     of a romantic or intimate nature

[[Page S4084]]

     with the accused, as determined by the length of the 
     relationship, the type of relationship, and the frequency of 
     interaction between the person and the accused.
       ``(3) Protection order.--The term `protection order' 
     means--
       ``(A) a military protective order enforceable under section 
     890 of this title (article 90); or
       ``(B) a protection order, as defined in section 2266 of 
     title 18 and, if issued by a State, Indian tribal, or 
     territorial court, is in accordance with the standards 
     specified in section 2265 of such title.
       ``(4) Strangling.--The term `strangling' means 
     intentionally or knowingly impeding the normal breathing or 
     circulation of the blood of a person by applying pressure to 
     the throat or neck, regardless of whether the impeding 
     results in any visible injury or whether there is any intent 
     to kill or protractedly injure the victim.
       ``(5) Suffocating.--The term `suffocating' means 
     intentionally or knowingly impeding the normal breathing of a 
     person by covering the mouth or the nose, regardless of 
     whether the impeding results in any visible injury or whether 
     there is any intent to kill or protractedly injure the 
     victim.
       ``(6) Violent offense.--The term `violent offense' means a 
     violation of any of the provisions of this chapter as 
     follows:
       ``(A) Section 918 of this title (article 118).
       ``(B) Section 919(a) of this title (article 119(a)).
       ``(C) Section 919a of this title (article 119a).
       ``(D) Section 920 of this title (article 120).
       ``(E) Section 920b of this title (article 120b).
       ``(F) Section 922 of this title (article 122).
       ``(G) Section 925 of this title (article 125).
       ``(H) Section 926 of this title (article 126).
       ``(I) Section 928 of this title (article 128).
       ``(J) Section 928a of this title (article 128a).
       ``(K) Section 930 of this title (article 130).''.
       (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at the 
     beginning of subchapter X of chapter 47 of such title (the 
     Uniform Code of Military Justice) is amended by inserting 
     after the item relating to section 928a (article 128a) the 
     following new item:

``928b. 128b. Domestic violence.''.
       (b) Effective Date.--The amendments made by this section 
     shall take effect on January 1, 2019, immediately after the 
     coming into effect of the amendments made by the Military 
     Justice Act of 2016 (division E of Public Law 114-328) as 
     provided in section 5542 of that Act (130 Stat. 2967; 10 
     U.S.C. 801 note).

     SEC. 542. INCLUSION OF STRANGULATION AND SUFFOCATION IN 
                   CONDUCT CONSTITUTING AGGRAVATED ASSAULT FOR 
                   PURPOSES OF THE UNIFORM CODE OF MILITARY 
                   JUSTICE.

       (a) In General.--Subsection (b) of section 928 of title 10, 
     United States Code (article 128 of the Uniform Code of 
     Military Justice), is amended--
       (1) in paragraph (1), by striking ``or'' at the end;
       (2) in paragraph (2), by adding ``or'' after the semicolon; 
     and
       (3) by inserting after paragraph (2) the following new 
     paragraph:
       ``(3) who commits an assault by strangulation or 
     suffocation;''.
       (b) Effective Date.--The amendments made by subsection (a) 
     shall take effect on January 1, 2019, immediately after the 
     coming into effect of the amendment made by section 5441 of 
     the Military Justice Act of 2016 (division E of Public Law 
     114-328; 130 Stat. 2954) as provided in section 5542 of that 
     Act (130 Stat. 2967; 10 U.S.C. 801 note).

     SEC. 543. AUTHORITIES OF DEFENSE ADVISORY COMMITTEE ON 
                   INVESTIGATION, PROSECUTION, AND DEFENSE OF 
                   SEXUAL ASSAULT IN THE ARMED FORCES.

       Section 546 of the Carl Levin and Howard P. ``Buck'' McKeon 
     National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2015 (10 
     U.S.C. 1561 note) is amended--
       (1) by redesignating subsections (d) and (e) as subsections 
     (e) and (f), respectively; and
       (2) by inserting after subsection (c) the following new 
     subsection (d):
       ``(d) Authorities.--
       ``(1) Hearings.--The Advisory Committee may hold such 
     hearings, sit and act at such times and places, take such 
     testimony, and receive such evidence as the committee 
     considers appropriate to carry out its duties under this 
     section.
       ``(2) Information from federal agencies.--Upon request by 
     the chair of the Advisory Committee, a department or agency 
     of the Federal Government shall provide information that the 
     Advisory Committee considers necessary to carry out its 
     duties under this section.''.

     SEC. 544. PROTECTIVE ORDERS AGAINST INDIVIDUALS SUBJECT TO 
                   THE UNIFORM CODE OF MILITARY JUSTICE.

       (a) Protective Orders.--
       (1) In general.--Subchapter II of chapter 47 of title 10, 
     United States Code (the Uniform Code of Military Justice), is 
     amended by inserting after section 809 (article 9) the 
     following new section (article):

     ``Sec. 809a. Art. 9a. Protective orders

       ``(a) Issuance Authorized.--
       ``(1) In general.--In accordance with such regulations as 
     the President may prescribe and subject to the provisions of 
     this section, upon proper application therefor pursuant to 
     subsection (b), a military judge or military magistrate may 
     issue the following:
       ``(A) A protective order described in subsection (c) on an 
     emergency basis against a person subject to this chapter.
       ``(B) A protective order described in subsection (c), other 
     than a protective order on an emergency basis, against a 
     person subject to this chapter.
       ``(2) Other protective orders.--Nothing in this section may 
     be construed as limiting or altering any authority of a 
     military judge or military magistrate to issue a protective 
     order, other than a protective order described in subsection 
     (c), against a person subject to this chapter under any other 
     provision of law or regulation.
       ``(b) Application.--
       ``(1) In general.--Application for a protective order under 
     this section shall be made in accordance with such 
     requirements and procedures as the President shall prescribe. 
     Such requirements and procedures shall, to the extent 
     practicable, conform to the requirements and procedures 
     generally applicable to applications for protective orders in 
     civilian jurisdictions of the United States.
       ``(2) Eligibility.--Application for a protective order may 
     be made by any individual. The regulations prescribed for 
     purposes of this section may not limit eligibility for 
     application to judge advocates or other attorneys or to 
     military commanders or other members of the armed forces.
       ``(c) Protective Orders.--
       ``(1) In general.--A protective order described in this 
     subsection is an order that--
       ``(A) restrains a person from harassing, stalking, 
     threatening, or otherwise contacting or communicating with 
     another person who stands in relation to the person as 
     described in subsection (d)(8) or (g)(8) of section 922 of 
     title 18, or engaging in other conduct that would place such 
     other person in reasonable fear of bodily injury to any such 
     other person; and
       ``(B) by its terms, explicitly prohibits--
       ``(i) the use, attempted use, or threatened use of physical 
     force by the person against another person who stands in 
     relation to the person as described in subsection (d)(8) or 
     (g)(8) of section 922 of title 18 that would reasonably be 
     expected to cause bodily injury;
       ``(ii) the initiation by the person restrained of any 
     contact or communication with such other person; or
       ``(iii) actions described by both clauses (i) and (ii).
       ``(2) Definitions.--In this subsection:
       ``(A) The term `contact' includes contact in person or 
     through a third party, or through gifts,
       ``(B) The term `communication' includes communication in 
     person or through a third party, and by telephone or in 
     writing by letter, data fax, or other electronic means.
       ``(d) Due Process.--
       ``(1) Protection of due process.--Except as provided in 
     paragraph (2), a protective order described in subsection (c) 
     may only be issued after the person to be subject to the 
     order has received such notice and opportunity to be heard on 
     the order as the President shall prescribe.
       ``(2) Emergency orders.--A protective order on an emergency 
     basis may be issued on an ex parte basis under such rules and 
     limitations as the President shall prescribe.
       ``(e) Nature and Scope of Protective Orders.--The President 
     shall prescribe any requirements or limitations applicable to 
     nature and scope of protective orders described in subsection 
     (c), including requirements and limitations relating to the 
     following:
       ``(1) The duration of protective orders on an emergency 
     basis, and of other protective orders.
       ``(2) The scope of protective orders on an emergency basis, 
     and of other protective orders.
       ``(f) Command Matters.--
       ``(1) Delivery to commander.--A copy of a protective order 
     described in subsection (c) against a member of the armed 
     forces shall be provided to such commanding officer in the 
     chain of command of the member as the President shall 
     prescribe for purposes of this section.
       ``(2) Inclusion in personnel file.--Any protective order 
     described in subsection (c) against a member shall be placed 
     and retained in the military personnel file of the member.
       ``(3) Notice to civilian law enforcement of issuance.--Any 
     protective order described in subsection (c) against a member 
     shall be treated as a military protective order for purposes 
     of section 1567a of this title, including for purposes of 
     mandatory notification of issuance to civilian law 
     enforcement as required by that section.
       ``(4) Authority of commanding officers.--Nothing in this 
     section may be construed as prohibiting a commanding officer 
     from issuing or enforcing any otherwise lawful order in the 
     nature of a protective order described in subsection (c) to 
     or against members of the officer's command.
       ``(g) Delivery to Certain Persons.--A physical copy of any 
     protective order described in subsection (c) shall be 
     provided, as soon as practicable after issuance, to the 
     following:
       ``(1) The person or persons protected by the protective 
     order or to the guardian of such a person if such person is 
     under the age of 18 years.
       ``(2) The person subject to the protective order.
       ``(h) Enforcement.--A protective order described in 
     subsection (c) shall be enforceable by a military judge or 
     military magistrate under such rules, and subject to such 
     requirements and limitations, as the President shall 
     prescribe.''.
       (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at the 
     beginning of subchapter II of chapter 47 of such title is 
     amended by inserting after the item relating to section 809 
     (article 9) the following new item:

``809a. 9a. Protective orders.''.
       (b) Authority of Military Magistrates.--
       (1) In general.--Section 826a(b) of title 10, United States 
     Code (article 26a(b) of the Uniform Code of Military 
     Justice), is amended by striking ``819 or 830a of this title 
     (article 19 or 30a)'' and inserting ``809a, 819, or 830 of 
     this title (article 9a, 19, or 30a)''.
       (2) Effective date.--The amendment made by paragraph (1) 
     shall take effect on January 1, 2019, immediately after the 
     coming into effect pursuant to section 5542 of the Military 
     Justice

[[Page S4085]]

     Act of 2016 (division E of Public Law 114-328; 130 Stat. 
     2967; 10 U.S.C. 801 note) of the amendment made by section 
     5185 of the Military Justice Act of 2016 (130 Stat. 2902), to 
     which the amendment made by paragraph (1) relates.

     SEC. 545. EXPANSION OF ELIGIBILITY FOR SPECIAL VICTIMS' 
                   COUNSEL SERVICES.

       (a) In General.--Subsection (a) of section 1044e of title 
     10, United States Code, is amended by striking ``alleged sex-
     related offense'' each place it appears and inserting 
     ``alleged covered violence offense''.
       (b) Types of Legal Assistance Authorized.--Subsection (b) 
     of such section is amended--
       (1) by striking ``the alleged sex-related offense'' each 
     place it appears and inserting ``the alleged covered violence 
     offense''; and
       (2) in paragraph (3), by inserting ``if and as 
     applicable,'' after ``or domestic abuse advocate,''.
       (c) Availability of SVCs.--Such section is further 
     amended--
       (1) in subsection (b)(10), by striking ``subsection (h)'' 
     and inserting ``subsection (j)'';
       (2) by redesignating subsections (g) and (h) as subsections 
     (i) and (j), respectively;
       (3) in subsection (f)--
       (A) by striking the subsection heading and inserting 
     ``Availability of SVCs in Connection With Sex-related 
     Offenses.--''; and
       (B) in paragraph (1), by inserting ``an alleged covered 
     violence offense that is'' before ``an alleged sex-related 
     offense'' the first place it appears; and
       (4) by inserting after subsection (f) the following new 
     subsections:
       ``(g) Availability of SVCs in Connection With Domestic 
     Violence Offenses.--(1) An individual described in subsection 
     (a)(2) who is the victim of an alleged covered violence 
     offense that is an alleged domestic violence offense shall be 
     offered the option of receiving assistance from a Special 
     Victims' Counsel upon report of an alleged domestic violence 
     offense or at the time the victim seeks assistance from a 
     Family Advocate, a domestic violence victim advocate, a 
     military criminal investigator, a victim/witness liaison, a 
     trial counsel, a healthcare provider, or any other personnel 
     designated by the Secretary concerned for purposes of this 
     subsection.
       ``(2) Paragraphs (2) and (3) of subsection (f) shall apply 
     to the availability of Special Victims' Counsel under this 
     subsection to victims of an alleged domestic violence 
     offense.
       ``(h) Availability of SVCs in Connection With Other Covered 
     Violence Offenses.--An individual described in subsection 
     (a)(2) who is the victim of an alleged covered violence 
     offense (other than an alleged offense covered by subsection 
     (f) or (g)) shall be offered the option of receiving 
     assistance from a Special Victims' Counsel upon report of 
     such alleged covered violence offense or at the time the 
     victim seeks assistance from a military criminal 
     investigator, a victim/witness liaison, a trial counsel, a 
     healthcare provider, or any other personnel designated by the 
     Secretary concerned for purposes of this subsection.''.
       (d) Definitions.--Subsection (i) of such section, as 
     redesignated by subsection (c)(2) of this section, is further 
     amended to read as follows:
       ``(i) Definitions.--In this section:
       ``(1) Alleged covered violence offense.--The term `alleged 
     covered violence offense' means any allegation of the 
     following:
       ``(A) A violation of section 918, 919, 919a, 920, 920b, 
     925, 928a, or 930 of this title (article 118, 119, 119a, 120, 
     120b, 125, 128a, or 130 of the Uniform Code of Military 
     Justice).
       ``(B) A violation of subsection (b) of section 928 of this 
     title (article 128 of the Uniform Code of Military Justice), 
     if the offense was aggravated.
       ``(C) A violation of any other provision of chapter 47 of 
     this title (the Uniform Code of Military Justice) that the 
     Secretary of Defense and the Secretary of Homeland Security 
     jointly specify as an alleged covered violence offense for 
     purposes of this section.
       ``(D) An attempt to commit an offense specified in 
     subparagraph (A), (B), or (C) as punishable under section 880 
     of this title (article 80 of the Uniform Code of Military 
     Justice).
       ``(E) A conspiracy to commit an offense specified in 
     subparagraph (A), (B), or (C) as punishable under section 881 
     of this title (article 81 of the Uniform Code of Military 
     Justice).
       ``(F) A solicitation to commit an offense specified in 
     subparagraph (A), (B), or (C) as punishable under section 882 
     of this title (article 82 of the Uniform Code of Military 
     Justice).
       ``(2) Alleged domestic violence offense.--The term `alleged 
     domestic violence offense' means any allegation of the 
     following:
       ``(A) A violation of section 919b of this title (article 
     119b of the Uniform Code of Military Justice).
       ``(B) A violation of section 920, 928 (if the offense was 
     aggravated), or 930 of this title (article 120, 128, or 130 
     of the Uniform Code of Military Justice) in which the victim 
     of the violation is a spouse or other intimate partner of the 
     accused or a child of the spouse or other intimate partner of 
     the accused and the accused.
       ``(C) A violation of any other provision of chapter 47 of 
     this title (the Uniform Code of Military Justice) that the 
     Secretary of Defense and the Secretary of Homeland Security 
     jointly specify as an alleged domestic violence offense for 
     purposes of this section.
       ``(D) An attempt to commit an offense specified in 
     subparagraph (A), (B), or (C) as punishable under section 880 
     of this title (article 80 of the Uniform Code of Military 
     Justice).
       ``(E) A conspiracy to commit an offense specified in 
     subparagraph (A), (B), or (C) as punishable under section 881 
     of this title (article 81 of the Uniform Code of Military 
     Justice).
       ``(F) A solicitation to commit an offense specified in 
     subparagraph (A), (B), or (C) as punishable under section 882 
     of this title (article 82 of the Uniform Code of Military 
     Justice).
       ``(3) Alleged sex-related offense.--The term `alleged sex-
     related offense' means any allegation of the following:
       ``(A) A violation of section 920, 920b, 920c, or 930 of 
     this title (article 120, 120b, 120c, or 130 of the Uniform 
     Code of Military Justice).
       ``(B) A violation of any other provision of chapter 47 of 
     this title (the Uniform Code of Military Justice) that the 
     Secretary of Defense and the Secretary of Homeland Security 
     jointly specify as an alleged sex-related offense for 
     purposes of this section.
       ``(C) An attempt to commit an offense specified in 
     subparagraph (A) or (B) as punishable under section 880 of 
     this title (article 80 of the Uniform Code of Military 
     Justice).
       ``(D) A conspiracy to commit an offense specified in 
     subparagraph (A) or (B) as punishable under section 881 of 
     this title (article 81 of the Uniform Code of Military 
     Justice).
       ``(E) A solicitation to commit an offense specified in 
     subparagraph (A) or (B) as punishable under section 882 of 
     this title (article 82 of the Uniform Code of Military 
     Justice).''.
       (e) Conforming and Clerical Amendments.--
       (1) Heading amendment.--The heading of such section is 
     amended to read as follows:

     ``Sec. 1044e. Special Victims' Counsel: victims of sex-
       related offenses, domestic violence offenses, and other 
       violence offenses''.

       (2) Table of sections.--The table of sections at the 
     beginning of chapter 53 of such title is amended by striking 
     the item relating to section 1044e and inserting the 
     following new item:

``1044e. Special Victims' Counsel: victims of sex-related offenses, 
              domestic violence offenses, and other violence 
              offenses.''.
       (f) Effective Date.--
       (1) In general.--The amendments made by this section shall 
     take effect on such date after January 1, 2019, as the 
     President shall specify for purposes of this section.
       (2) Date specified.--In specifying a date for purposes of 
     paragraph (1), the President shall specify a date that 
     permits the Secretaries concerned and the Armed Forces the 
     opportunity to assess and properly allocate the personnel and 
     other resources required to fully implement and carry out the 
     amendments made by this section.
       (3) Implementation activities.--During the period beginning 
     on the date of the enactment of this Act and ending on the 
     date specified for purposes of paragraph (1), the Secretaries 
     concerned and the Armed Forces shall--
       (A) establish mechanisms to ensure that a priority is 
     afforded in the discharge of duties of Special Victims' 
     Counsel under the amendments made by this section to serious 
     cases of child abuse and other domestic violence (including 
     cases involving aggravated assault and serious neglect that 
     could result in serious injury or death); and
       (B) strongly consider the advisability of employing 
     civilians to perform duties of Special Victims' Counsel in 
     the matters covered by the amendments in the event the number 
     of military Special Victims' Counsel is insufficient for the 
     full and effective discharge of such duties.
       (4) Secretaries concerned defined.--In this subsection, the 
     term ``Secretaries concerned'' has the meaning given that 
     term in section 101(a)(9) of title 10, United States Code.

     SEC. 546. CLARIFICATION OF EXPIRATION OF TERM OF APPELLATE 
                   MILITARY JUDGES OF THE UNITED STATES COURT OF 
                   MILITARY COMMISSION REVIEW.

       (a) In General.--Section 950f(b) of title 10, United States 
     Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new 
     paragraph:
       ``(6) The term of an appellate military judge assigned to 
     the Court under paragraph (2) or appointed to the Court under 
     paragraph (3) shall expire on the earlier of the date on 
     which--
       ``(A) the judge leaves active duty; or
       ``(B) the judge is reassigned to other duties in accordance 
     with section 949b(b)(4) of this title.''.
       (b) Applicability.--The amendment made by subsection (a) 
     shall apply to each judge of the United States Court of 
     Military Commission Review serving on that court on the date 
     of the enactment of this Act and each judge assigned or 
     appointed to that court on or after such date.

     SEC. 547. EXPANSION OF POLICIES ON EXPEDITED TRANSFER OF 
                   MEMBERS OF THE ARMED FORCES WHO ARE VICTIMS OF 
                   SEXUAL ASSAULT.

       (a) Eligibility of Additional Members for Transfer.--The 
     Secretary of Defense shall modify section 105.9 of title 32, 
     Code of Federal Regulations, and any other regulations and 
     policy of the Department of Defense applicable to the 
     expedited transfer of members of the Armed Forces who allege 
     they are a victim of sexual assault, in order to provide that 
     a member of the Armed Forces described in subsection (b) is 
     eligible for expedited transfer under such regulations and 
     policy in connection with an allegation as described in that 
     paragraph.
       (b) Covered Members.--A member of the Armed Forces 
     described in this subsection is any member as follows:
       (1) A member who is an alleged victim of sexual assault 
     committed by the spouse or intimate partner of the member, 
     which spouse or intimate partner is not a member of the Armed 
     Forces.
       (2) A member who is an alleged victim of physical domestic 
     violence (other than sexual assault) committed by the spouse 
     or intimate partner of the member, regardless of whether the 
     spouse or intimate partner is a member of the Armed Forces.
       (c) Physical Domestic Violence.--In carrying out subsection 
     (a), the Secretary shall prescribe the offenses or other 
     actions constituting physical domestic violence for purposes 
     of subsection (b)(2).

[[Page S4086]]

  


     SEC. 548. UNIFORM COMMAND ACTION FORM ON DISPOSITION OF 
                   UNRESTRICTED SEXUAL ASSAULT CASES INVOLVING 
                   MEMBERS OF THE ARMED FORCES.

       (a) Uniform Form Required.--The Secretary of Defense shall 
     establish a uniform command action form, applicable across 
     the Armed Forces, for reporting the final disposition of 
     cases of sexual assault in which--
       (1) the alleged offender is a member of the Armed Forces; 
     and
       (2) the victim files an unrestricted report on the alleged 
     assault.
       (b) Elements.--The form required by subsection (a) shall 
     provide for the inclusion of information on the following:
       (1) The final disposition of the case.
       (2) Appropriate demographic information on the victim and 
     the alleged offender.
       (3) The status of the alleged offender as of final 
     disposition of the case.
       (4) Whether the victim received assistance from a Special 
     Victims' Counsel in connection with the case.
       (5) Whether the victim was disciplined for any collateral 
     misconduct in connection with the case.
       (6) The number of years working in a criminal justice 
     litigation billet of any trial counsel who prosecuted or 
     otherwise consulted on the case.

     SEC. 549. INCLUSION OF INFORMATION ON CERTAIN COLLATERAL 
                   CONDUCT OF VICTIMS OF SEXUAL ASSAULT IN ANNUAL 
                   REPORTS ON SEXUAL ASSAULT INVOLVING MEMBERS OF 
                   THE ARMED FORCES.

       Section 1631(b) of the Ike Skelton National Defense 
     Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2011 (10 U.S.C. 1561 note) 
     is amended by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
       ``(13) Information on the frequency with which individuals 
     who were identified as victims of sexual assault in case 
     files of military criminal investigative organizations were 
     also accused of or punished for misconduct or crimes 
     considered collateral to the sexual assault under 
     investigation by such organizations, including the type of 
     misconduct or crime and the punishment, if any, received.''.

   Subtitle E--Member Education, Training, Transition, and Resilience

     SEC. 551. CONSECUTIVE SERVICE OF SERVICE OBLIGATION IN 
                   CONNECTION WITH PAYMENT OF TUITION FOR OFF-DUTY 
                   TRAINING OR EDUCATION FOR COMMISSIONED OFFICERS 
                   OF THE ARMED FORCES WITH ANY OTHER SERVICE 
                   OBLIGATIONS.

       (a) In General.--Section 2007(b) of title 10, United States 
     Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new 
     paragraph:
       ``(3) Any active duty service obligation of a commissioned 
     officer under this subsection shall be served consecutively 
     with any other service obligation of the officer (whether 
     active duty or otherwise) under any other provision of 
     law.''.
       (b) Effective Date.--The amendment made by this section 
     shall take effect on the date of the enactment of this Act, 
     and shall apply with respect to agreements for the payment of 
     tuition for off-duty training or education that are entered 
     into on or after that date.

     SEC. 552. CONSECUTIVE SERVICE OF ACTIVE SERVICE OBLIGATIONS 
                   FOR MEDICAL TRAINING WITH OTHER SERVICE 
                   OBLIGATIONS FOR EDUCATION OR TRAINING.

       (a) Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences.--
     Section 2114(d) of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
       (1) by inserting ``(1)'' after ``(d)''; and
       (2) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
       ``(2) A commissioned service obligation incurred as a 
     result of participation in a military intern, residency, or 
     fellowship training program shall be served consecutively 
     with the commissioned service obligation imposed by this 
     section and by any other provision of this title for 
     education or training.''.
       (b) Health Professions Scholarship and Financial Assistance 
     Program.--Section 2123(b) of such title is amended--
       (1) by inserting ``(1)'' after ``(b)''; and
       (2) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
       ``(2) A commissioned service obligation incurred as a 
     result of participation in a military intern, residency, or 
     fellowship training program shall be served consecutively 
     with the active duty obligation imposed by this section and 
     by any other provision of this title for education or 
     training.''.
       (c) Effective Date.--The amendments made by this section 
     shall apply to individuals beginning participation in a 
     military intern, residency, or fellowship training program on 
     or after January 1, 2020.

     SEC. 553. CLARIFICATION OF APPLICATION AND HONORABLE SERVICE 
                   REQUIREMENTS UNDER THE TROOPS-TO-TEACHERS 
                   PROGRAM TO MEMBERS OF THE RETIRED RESERVE.

       (a) In General.--Paragraph (2)(B) of section 1154(d) of 
     title 10, United States Code, is amended--
       (1) by inserting ``(A)(iii),'' after ``A(i),'';
       (2) by inserting ``transferred to the Retired Reserve, or'' 
     after ``member is retired,''; and
       (3) by striking ``separated,'' and inserting ``separated''.
       (b) Conforming Amendments.--The second sentence of 
     paragraph (3)(D) of such section is amended--
       (1) by inserting ``, the transfer of the member to the 
     Retired Reserve,'' after ``retirement of the member''; and
       (2) by inserting ``transfer,'' after ``after the 
     retirement,''.

     SEC. 554. PROHIBITION ON USE OF FUNDS FOR ATTENDANCE OF 
                   ENLISTED PERSONNEL AT SENIOR LEVEL AND 
                   INTERMEDIATE LEVEL OFFICER PROFESSIONAL 
                   MILITARY EDUCATION COURSES.

       (a) Prohibition.--None of the funds authorized to be 
     appropriated or otherwise made available for the Department 
     of Defense may be obligated or expended for the purpose of 
     the attendance of enlisted personnel at senior level and 
     intermediate level officer professional military education 
     courses.
       (b) Senior Level and Intermediate Level Officer 
     Professional Military Education Courses Defined.--In this 
     section, the term ``senior level and intermediate level 
     officer professional military education courses'' means any 
     course offered by a school specified in section 2151(b) of 
     title 10, United States Code.
       (c) Repeal of Superseded Limitation.--
       (1) In general.--Section 547 of the National Defense 
     Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2018 (Public Law 115-91) is 
     repealed.
       (2) Preservation of certain reporting requirement.--The 
     repeal in paragraph (1) shall not be interpreted to terminate 
     the requirement of the Comptroller General of the United 
     States to submit the report required by subsection (c) of 
     section 547 of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
     Fiscal Year 2018.

     SEC. 555. REPEAL OF PROGRAM ON ENCOURAGEMENT OF 
                   POSTSEPARATION PUBLIC AND COMMUNITY SERVICE.

       (a) Repeal.--
       (1) In general.--Section 1143a of title 10, United States 
     Code, is repealed.
       (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at the 
     beginning of chapter 58 of such title is amended by striking 
     the item relating to section 1143a.
       (b) Conforming Amendments.--Section 1144(b) of such title 
     is amended--
       (1) by striking paragraph (8); and
       (2) by redesignating paragraphs (9), (10), and (11) as 
     paragraphs (8), (9), and (10), respectively.

     SEC. 556. EXPANSION OF AUTHORITY TO ASSIST MEMBERS IN 
                   OBTAINING PROFESSIONAL CREDENTIALS.

       Section 2015 of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
       (1) by redesignating subsections (b) through (e) as 
     subsections (c) through (f), respectively; and
       (2) by inserting after subsection (a) the following new 
     subsection (b):
       ``(b) Professional Credentials Not Related to Military 
     Training and Skills.--Under the program required by this 
     section, the Secretary of Defense, and the Secretary of 
     Homeland Security, with respect to the Coast Guard when it is 
     not operating as a service in the Navy, may enable members of 
     the armed forces to obtain, while serving in the armed 
     forces, professional credentials for which such members are 
     other otherwise qualified that do not relate to military 
     training and skills if such Secretary determines that such 
     action is in the best interests of the United States.''.

     SEC. 557. ENHANCEMENT OF AUTHORITIES IN CONNECTION WITH 
                   JUNIOR RESERVE OFFICERS' TRAINING CORPS 
                   PROGRAMS.

       (a) Flexibility in Authorities for Management of Programs 
     and Units.--
       (1) In general.--Chapter 102 of title 10, United States 
     Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new 
     section:

     ``Sec. 2034. Flexibility in authorities for management of 
       programs and units

       ``(a) Authority To Convert Otherwise Closing Units to 
     National Defense Cadet Corps Program Units.--If the Secretary 
     of a military department is notified by a local educational 
     agency of the intent of the agency to close its Junior 
     Reserve Officers' Training Corps, the Secretary shall offer 
     the agency the option of converting the unit to a National 
     Defense Cadet Corps (NDCC) program unit in lieu of closing 
     the unit.
       ``(b) Flexibility in Administration of Instructors.--
       ``(1) In general.--The Secretaries of the military 
     departments may, without regard to any other provision of 
     this chapter, undertake initiatives designed to promote 
     flexibility in the hiring and compensation of instructors for 
     the Junior Reserve Officers' Training Corps program under the 
     jurisdiction of such Secretaries.
       ``(2) Elements.--The initiatives undertaken pursuant to 
     this subsection may provide for one or more of the following:
       ``(A) Termination of the requirement for a waiver as a 
     condition of the hiring of well-qualified non-commissioned 
     officers with a bachelor's degree for senior instructor 
     positions within the Junior Reserve Officers' Training Corps.
       ``(B) Specification of a single instructor as the minimum 
     number of instructors required to found and operate a Junior 
     Reserve Officers' Training Corps unit.
       ``(C) Authority for Junior Reserve Officers' Training Corps 
     instructors to undertake school duties, in addition to Junior 
     Reserve Officers' Training Corps duties, at small schools.
       ``(D) Authority for the payment of instructor compensation 
     for a limited number of Junior Reserve Officers' Training 
     Corps instructors on a 10-month per year basis rather than a 
     12-month per year basis.
       ``(E) Such other actions as the Secretaries of the military 
     departments consider appropriate.
       ``(c) Flexibility in Allocation and Use of Travel 
     Funding.--The Secretaries of the military departments shall 
     take appropriate actions to provide so-called regional 
     directors of the Junior Reserve Officers' Training Corps 
     programs located at remote rural schools enhanced discretion 
     in the allocation and use of funds for travel in connection 
     with Junior Reserve Officers' Training Corps activities.
       ``(d) Standardization of Program Data.--The Secretary of 
     Defense shall take appropriate actions to standardize the 
     data collected and maintained on the Junior Reserve Officers' 
     Training Corps programs in order to facilitate and enhance 
     the collection and analysis of such

[[Page S4087]]

     data. Such actions shall include a requirement for the use of 
     the National Center for Education Statistics (NCES) 
     identification code for each school with a unit under a 
     Junior Reserve Officers' Training Corps program in order to 
     facilitate identification of such schools and their units 
     under the Junior Reserve Officers' Training Corps 
     programs.''.
       (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at the 
     beginning of chapter 102 of such title is amended by adding 
     at the end the following new item:

``2034. Flexibility in authorities for management of programs and 
              units.''.
       (b) Authority for Additional Units.--The Secretaries of the 
     military departments may, using amounts authorized to be 
     appropriated by this Act and available in the funding tables 
     in sections 4301 and 4401 for purposes of the Junior Reserve 
     Officers' Training Corps programs, establish an aggregate of 
     not more than 100 units under the Junior Reserve Officers' 
     Training Corps programs in low-income and rural areas of the 
     United States and areas of the United States currently 
     underserved by the Junior Reserve Officers' Training Corps 
     programs.

Subtitle F--Defense Dependents' Education and Military Family Readiness 
                                Matters

             PART I--DEFENSE DEPENDENTS' EDUCATION MATTERS

     SEC. 561. CONTINUATION OF AUTHORITY TO ASSIST LOCAL 
                   EDUCATIONAL AGENCIES THAT BENEFIT DEPENDENTS OF 
                   MEMBERS OF THE ARMED FORCES AND DEPARTMENT OF 
                   DEFENSE CIVILIAN EMPLOYEES.

       (a) Assistance to Schools With Significant Numbers of 
     Military Dependent Students.--Of the amount authorized to be 
     appropriated for fiscal year 2019 by section 301 and 
     available for operation and maintenance for Defense-wide 
     activities as specified in the funding table in section 4301, 
     $40,000,000 shall be available only for the purpose of 
     providing assistance to local educational agencies under 
     subsection (a) of section 572 of the National Defense 
     Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2006 (Public Law 109-163; 
     20 U.S.C. 7703b).
       (b) Local Educational Agency Defined.--In this section, the 
     term ``local educational agency'' has the meaning given that 
     term in section 7013(9) of the Elementary and Secondary 
     Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 7713(9)).

     SEC. 562. IMPACT AID FOR CHILDREN WITH SEVERE DISABILITIES.

       (a) In General.--Of the amount authorized to be 
     appropriated for fiscal year 2019 pursuant to section 301 and 
     available for operation and maintenance for Defense-wide 
     activities as specified in the funding table in section 4301, 
     $10,000,000 shall be available for payments under section 363 
     of the Floyd D. Spence National Defense Authorization Act for 
     Fiscal Year 2001 (as enacted into law by Public Law 106-398; 
     114 Stat. 1654A-77; 20 U.S.C. 7703a).
       (b) Use of Certain Amount.--Of the amount available under 
     subsection (a) for payments as described in that subsection, 
     $5,000,000 shall be available for such payments to local 
     educational agencies determined by the Secretary of Defense, 
     in the discretion of the Secretary, to have higher 
     concentrations of military children with severe disabilities.

     SEC. 563. DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE EDUCATION ACTIVITY POLICIES 
                   AND PROCEDURES ON SEXUAL HARASSMENT OF STUDENTS 
                   OF ACTIVITY SCHOOLS.

       (a) Applicability of Title IX Protections.--The provisions 
     of title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972 (20 U.S.C. 
     1681 et seq.) (in this section referred to as ``title IX'') 
     with respect to education programs or activities receiving 
     Federal financial assistance shall apply equally to education 
     programs and activities administered by the Department of 
     Defense Education Activity (DODEA).
       (b) Policies and Procedures.--Not later than March 31, 
     2019, the Department of Defense Education Activity shall 
     establish policies and procedures to protect students at 
     schools of the Activity who are victims of sexual harassment. 
     Such policies and procedures shall afford protections at 
     least comparable to the protections afforded under title IX.
       (c) Elements.--The policies and procedures required by 
     subsection (b) shall include, at a minimum, the following:
       (1) A policy addressing sexual harassment of students at 
     the schools of the Department of Defense Education Activity 
     that uses and incorporates terms, procedures, protections, 
     investigation standards, and standards of evidence consistent 
     with title IX.
       (2) A procedure by which--
       (A) a student of a school of the Activity, or a parent of 
     such a student, may file a complaint with the school alleging 
     an incident of sexual harassment at the school; and
       (B) such a student or parent may appeal the decision of the 
     school regarding such complaint.
       (3) A procedure and mechanisms for the appointment and 
     training of, and allocation of responsibility to, a 
     coordinator at each school of the Activity for sexual 
     harassment matters involving students from the military 
     community served by such school.
       (4) Training of employees of the Activity, and volunteers 
     at schools of the Activity, on the policies and procedures.
       (5) Mechanisms for the broad distribution and display of 
     the policy described in paragraph (1), including on the 
     Internet website of the Activity and on Internet websites of 
     schools of the Activity, in printed and online versions of 
     student handbooks, and in brochures and flyers displayed on 
     school bulletin boards and in guidance counselor offices.
       (6) Reporting and recordkeeping requirements designed to 
     ensure that--
       (A) complaints of sexual harassment at schools of the 
     Activity are handled--
       (i) with professionalism and consistency; and
       (ii) in a manner that permits coordinators referred to in 
     paragraph (3) to track trends in incidents of sexual 
     harassment and to identify repeat offenders of sexual 
     harassment; and
       (B) appropriate members of the local leadership of military 
     communities are held accountable for acting upon complaints 
     of sexual harassment at schools of the Activity.

               PART II--MILITARY FAMILY READINESS MATTERS

     SEC. 566. IMPROVEMENT OF AUTHORITY TO CONDUCT FAMILY SUPPORT 
                   PROGRAMS FOR IMMEDIATE FAMILY MEMBERS OF THE 
                   ARMED FORCES ASSIGNED TO SPECIAL OPERATIONS 
                   FORCES.

       (a) Costs of Participation of Family Members in Programs.--
     Section 1788a of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
       (1) by redesignating subsections (c), (d), and (e) as 
     subsections (d), (e), and (f), respectively; and
       (2) by inserting after subsection (b) the following new 
     subsection (c):
       ``(c) Costs of Family Member Participation.--In carrying 
     out family support programs under this section, the Commander 
     may also pay, or reimburse immediate family members, for 
     transportation, food, lodging, child care, supplies, fees, 
     and training materials in connection with the participation 
     of family members in such programs.''.
       (b) Funding.--Subsection (d) of such section, as 
     redesignated by subsection (a)(1) of this section, is 
     amended--
       (1) by striking ``up to $5,000,000'' and inserting ``up to 
     $10,000,000''; and
       (2) by inserting before the period the following: ``, 
     including payment of costs of participation in such programs 
     as authorized by subsection (c)''.
       (c) Technical Amendment.--Paragraph (3) of subsection (f) 
     of such section, as so redesignated, is amended by striking 
     ``section 167(i)'' and inserting ``section 167(j)''.

     SEC. 567. EXPANSION OF PERIOD OF AVAILABILITY OF MILITARY 
                   ONESOURCE PROGRAM FOR RETIRED AND DISCHARGED 
                   MEMBERS OF THE ARMED FORCES AND THEIR IMMEDIATE 
                   FAMILIES.

       (a) In General.--Under regulations prescribed by the 
     Secretary of Defense, the period of eligibility for the 
     Military OneSource program of the Department of Defense of an 
     eligible individual retired, discharged, or otherwise 
     released from the Armed Forces, and for the eligible 
     immediate family members of such an individual, shall be the 
     one-year period beginning on the date of the retirement, 
     discharge, or release, as applicable, of such individual.
       (b) Information to Families.--The Secretary shall, in such 
     manner as the Secretary considers appropriate, inform 
     military families and families of veterans of the Armed 
     Forces of the wide range of benefits available through the 
     Military OneSource program.

     SEC. 568. EXPANSION OF AUTHORITY FOR NONCOMPETITIVE 
                   APPOINTMENTS OF MILITARY SPOUSES BY FEDERAL 
                   AGENCIES.

       (a) Expansion To Include All Spouses of Members of the 
     Armed Forces on Active Duty.--Section 3330d of title 5, 
     United States Code, is amended--
       (1) in subsection (a)--
       (A) by striking paragraphs (3), (4), and (5); and
       (B) by redesignating paragraph (6) as paragraph (3);
       (2) by striking subsections (b) and (c) and inserting the 
     following new subsection (b):
       ``(b) Appointment Authority.--The head of an agency may 
     appoint noncompetitively--
       ``(1) a spouse of a member of the Armed Forces on active 
     duty; or
       ``(2) a spouse of a disabled or deceased member of the 
     Armed Forces.'';
       (3) by redesignating subsection (d) as subsection (c); and
       (4) in subsection (c), as so redesignated, by striking 
     ``subsection (a)(6)'' in paragraph (1) and inserting 
     ``subsection (a)(3)''.
       (b) Heading Amendment.--The heading of such section is 
     amended to read as follows:

     ``Sec. 3330d. Appointment of military spouses''.

       (c) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the 
     beginning of chapter 33 of such title is amended by striking 
     the item relating to section 3330d and inserting the 
     following new item:

``3330d. Appointment of military spouses.''.

     SEC. 569. IMPROVEMENT OF MY CAREER ADVANCEMENT ACCOUNT 
                   PROGRAM FOR MILITARY SPOUSES.

       (a) Outreach on Availability of Program.--
       (1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense shall take 
     appropriate actions to ensure that military spouses who are 
     eligible for participation in the My Career Advancement 
     Account (MyCAA) program of the Department of Defense are, to 
     the extent practicable, made aware of the program.
       (2) Comptroller general report.--Not later than 180 days 
     after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Comptroller 
     General of the United States shall submit to the Committees 
     on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of 
     Representatives a report setting forth such recommendations 
     as the Comptroller General considers appropriate regarding 
     the following:
       (A) Mechanisms to increase awareness of the My Career 
     Advancement Account program among military spouses who are 
     eligible to participate in the program.
       (B) Mechanisms to increase participation in the My Career 
     Advancement Account program among military spouses who are 
     eligible to participate in the program.
       (b) Training for Installation Career Counselors on 
     Program.--The Secretaries of the military departments shall 
     take appropriate actions to ensure that career counselors at 
     military installations receive appropriate training

[[Page S4088]]

     and current information on eligibility for and use of 
     benefits under the My Career Advancement Account program, 
     including financial assistance to cover costs associated with 
     professional recertification, portability of occupational 
     licenses, professional credential exams, and other mechanisms 
     in connection with the portability of professional licenses.

     SEC. 570. ACCESS TO MILITARY INSTALLATIONS FOR CERTAIN 
                   SURVIVING SPOUSES AND OTHER NEXT OF KIN OF 
                   MEMBERS OF THE ARMED FORCES WHO DIE WHILE ON 
                   ACTIVE DUTY OR CERTAIN RESERVE DUTY.

       (a) Procedures for Access of Surviving Spouses Required.--
     The Secretary of Defense, acting jointly with the Secretary 
     of Homeland Security, shall establish procedures by which an 
     eligible surviving spouse may obtain unescorted access, as 
     appropriate, to military installations in order to receive 
     benefits to which the eligible surviving spouse may be 
     entitled by law or policy.
       (b) Eligible Surviving Spouse.--
       (1) In general.--In this section, the term ``eligible 
     surviving spouse'' means an individual who--
       (A) is a surviving spouse of a member of the Armed Forces 
     who dies while serving--
       (i) on active duty; or
       (ii) on such reserve duty as the Secretary of Defense and 
     the Secretary of Homeland Security may jointly specify for 
     purposes of this section; and
       (B) has guardianship of one or more dependent children of 
     such member.
       (2) Status not effected by remarriage.--An individual is an 
     eligible surviving spouse for purposes of this section 
     without regard to whether the individual remarries after the 
     death of the member concerned.
       (c) Procedures for Access of Next of Kin Authorized.--
       (1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense, acting jointly 
     with the Secretary of Homeland Security, may establish 
     procedures by which the next of kin of a deceased member of 
     the Armed Forces, in addition to an eligible surviving 
     spouse, may obtain access to military installations for such 
     purposes and under such conditions as the Secretaries jointly 
     consider appropriate.
       (2) Next of kin.--If the Secretaries establish procedures 
     pursuant to paragraph (1), the Secretaries shall jointly 
     specify the individuals who shall constitute next of kin for 
     purposes of such procedures.
       (d) Considerations.--Any procedures established under this 
     section shall--
       (1) be applied consistently across the Department of 
     Defense and the Department of Homeland Security, including 
     all components of the Departments;
       (2) minimize any administrative burden on a surviving 
     spouse or dependent child, including through the elimination 
     of any requirement for a surviving spouse to apply as a 
     personal agent for continued access to military installations 
     in accompaniment of a dependent child;
       (3) take into account measures required to ensure the 
     security of military installations, including purpose and 
     eligibility for access and renewal periodicity; and
       (4) take into account such other factors as the Secretary 
     of Defense or the Secretary of Homeland Security considers 
     appropriate.
       (e) Deadline.--The procedures required by subsection (a) 
     shall be established by the date that is not later than one 
     year after the date of the enactment of this Act.

     SEC. 571. DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE MILITARY FAMILY READINESS 
                   COUNCIL MATTERS.

       (a) Member Matters.--
       (1) Membership.--Paragraph (1)(B) of subsection (b) of 
     section 1781a of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
       (A) in clause (i), by striking ``a member of the armed 
     force to be represented'' and inserting ``a member or 
     civilian employee of the armed force to be represented''; and
       (B) by striking clause (ii) and inserting the following new 
     clause (ii):
       ``(ii) One representative, who shall be a member or 
     civilian employee of the National Guard Bureau, to represent 
     both the Army National Guard and the Air National Guard.''.
       (2) Terms.--Paragraph (2) of such subsection is amended--
       (A) in subparagraph (A)--
       (i) in the first sentence, by striking ``clauses (i) and 
     (iii) of''; and
       (ii) by striking the second sentence; and
       (B) in subparagraph (B), by striking ``three years'' and 
     inserting ``two years''.
       (b) Duties.--Subsection (d) of such section is amended--
       (1) in paragraph (2), by striking ``military family 
     readiness by the Department of Defense'' and inserting 
     ``military family readiness programs and activities of the 
     Department of Defense''; and
       (2) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
       ``(4) To make recommendations to the Secretary of Defense 
     to improve collaboration, awareness, and promotion of 
     accurate and timely military family readiness information and 
     support services by policy makers, service providers, and 
     targeted beneficiaries.''.
       (c) Annual Reports.--Subsection (e) of such section is 
     amended by striking ``February 1'' and inserting ``July 1''.
       (d) Effective Date.--
       (1) In general.--The amendments made by this section shall 
     take effect on the date of the enactment of this Act.
       (2) Applicability of membership and term amendments.--The 
     amendments made by subsection (a) shall apply to members of 
     the Department of Defense Military Family Readiness Council 
     appointed after the date of the enactment of this Act.

     SEC. 572. MULTIDISCIPLINARY TEAMS FOR MILITARY INSTALLATIONS 
                   ON CHILD ABUSE AND OTHER DOMESTIC VIOLENCE.

       (a) Multidisciplinary Teams Required.--
       (1) In general.--Under regulations prescribed by each 
     Secretary concerned, there shall be established and 
     maintained for each military installation, except as provided 
     in paragraph (2), one or more multidisciplinary teams on 
     child abuse and other domestic violence for the purposes 
     specified in subsection (b).
       (2) Single team for proximate installations.--A single 
     multidiscipinary team described in paragraph (1) may be 
     established and maintained under this subsection for two or 
     more military installations in proximity with one another if 
     the Secretary concerned determines, in consultation with the 
     Secretary of Defense, that a single team for such 
     installations suffices to carry out the purposes of such 
     teams under subsection (b) for such installations.
       (b) Purposes.--The purposes of each multidisciplinary team 
     maintained pursuant to subsection (a) shall be as follows:
       (1) To provide for the sharing of information among such 
     team and other appropriate personnel on the installation or 
     installations concerned regarding the progress of 
     investigations into and resolutions of incidents of child 
     abuse and other domestic violence involving members of the 
     Armed Forces stationed at or otherwise assigned to the 
     installation or installations.
       (2) To provide for and enhance collaborative efforts among 
     such team and other appropriate personnel of the installation 
     or installations regarding investigations into and 
     resolutions of such incidents.
       (3) To enhance the social services available to military 
     families at the installation or installations in connection 
     with such incidents, including through the enhancement of 
     cooperation among specialists and other personnel providing 
     such services to such military families in connection with 
     such incidents
       (4) To carry out such other duties regarding the response 
     to child abuse and other domestic violence at the 
     installation or installations as the Secretary concerned 
     considers appropriate for such purposes.
       (c) Personnel.--
       (1) In general.--Each multidisciplinary team maintained 
     pursuant to subsection (a) shall be composed of the 
     following:
       (A) One or more judge advocates.
       (B) Appropriate personnel of one or more military criminal 
     investigation services.
       (C) Appropriate mental health professionals.
       (D) Appropriate medical personnel.
       (E) Family advocacy case workers.
       (F) Such other personnel as the Secretary or Secretaries 
     concerned consider appropriate.
       (2) Expertise and training.--Any individual assigned to a 
     multidisciplinary team shall possess such expertise, and 
     shall undertake such training as is required to maintain such 
     expertise, as the Secretary concerned shall specify for 
     purposes of this section in order to ensure that members of 
     the team remain appropriately qualified to carry out the 
     purposes of the team under this section. The training and 
     expertise so specified shall include training and expertise 
     on special victims' crimes, including child abuse and other 
     domestic violence.
       (d) Coordination and Collaboration With Non-military 
     Resources.--
       (1) Use of community resources serving installations.--In 
     providing under this section for a multidisciplinary team for 
     a military installation or installations that benefit from 
     services or resources on child abuse or other domestic 
     violence that are provided by civilian entities in the 
     vicinity of the installation or installations, the Secretary 
     concerned may take the availability of such services or 
     resources to the installation or installations into account 
     in providing for the composition and duties of the team.
       (2) Best practices.--The Secretaries concerned shall take 
     appropriate actions to ensure that multidisciplinary teams 
     maintained pursuant to subsection (a) remain fully and 
     currently apprised of best practices in the civilian sector 
     on investigations into and resolutions of incidents of child 
     abuse and other domestic violence and on the social services 
     provided in connection with such incidents.
       (3) Collaboration.--In providing for the enhancement of 
     social services available to military families in accordance 
     with subsection (b)(3), the Secretaries concerned shall 
     permit, facilitate, and encourage multidisciplinary teams to 
     collaborate with appropriate civilian agencies in the 
     vicinity of the military installations concerned with regard 
     to availability, provision, and use of such services to and 
     by such families.
       (e) Annual Reports.--Not later than March 1 of each of 2020 
     through 2022, each Secretary concerned shall submit to the 
     Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of 
     Representatives a report on the activities of 
     multidisciplinary teams maintained pursuant to subsection (a) 
     under the jurisdiction of such Secretary during the preceding 
     year. Each report shall set forth, for the period covered by 
     such report, the following:
       (1) A summary description of the activities of the 
     multidisciplinary teams concerned, including the number and 
     composition of such teams, the recurring activities of such 
     teams, and any notable achievements of such teams.
       (2) A description of any impediments to the effectiveness 
     of such teams.
       (3) Such recommendations for legislative or administrative 
     action as such Secretary considers appropriate in order to 
     improve the effectiveness of such teams.
       (4) Such other matters with respect to such teams as such 
     Secretary considers appropriate.
       (f) Secretary Concerned.--
       (1) Definition.--In this section, the term ``Secretary 
     concerned'' has the meaning given

[[Page S4089]]

     that term in section 101(a)(9) of title 10, United States 
     Code.
       (2) Usage with respect to multiple installations.--For 
     purposes of this section, any reference to ``Secretary 
     concerned'' with respect to a single multidisciplinary team 
     established and maintained pursuant to subsection (a) for two 
     or more military installations that are under the 
     jurisdiction of different Secretaries concerned, shall be 
     deemed to refer to each Secretary concerned who has 
     jurisdiction of such an installation, acting jointly.

     SEC. 573. PROVISIONAL OR INTERIM CLEARANCES TO PROVIDE 
                   CHILDCARE SERVICES AT MILITARY CHILDCARE 
                   CENTERS.

       (a) In General.--The Secretary of Defense shall implement a 
     policy to permit the issuance on a provisional or interim 
     basis of clearances for the provision of childcare services 
     at military childcare centers.
       (b) Elements.--The policy required by subsection (a) shall 
     provide for the following:
       (1) Any clearance issued under the policy shall be 
     temporary and contingent upon the satisfaction of such 
     requirements for the issuance of a clearance on a permanent 
     basis as the Secretary considers appropriate.
       (2) Any individual issued a clearance on a provisional or 
     interim basis under the policy shall be subject to such 
     supervision in the provision of childcare services using such 
     clearance as the Secretary considers appropriate.
       (c) Clearance Defined.--In this section, the term 
     ``clearance'', with respect to an individual and the 
     provision of childcare services, means the formal approval of 
     the individual, after appropriate background checks and other 
     review, to provide childcare services to children at a 
     military childcare center of the Department of Defense.

     SEC. 574. PILOT PROGRAM ON PREVENTION OF CHILD ABUSE AND 
                   TRAINING ON SAFE CHILDCARE PRACTICES AMONG 
                   MILITARY FAMILIES.

       (a) Pilot Program.--
       (1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense shall, acting 
     through the Defense Health Agency, carry out a pilot program 
     on universal home visits for purposes of providing eligible 
     covered beneficiaries and their families training on safe 
     childcare practices aimed at reducing child abuse and 
     fatalities due to abuse and neglect, assessments of risk 
     factors for child abuse, and connections with community 
     resources to meet identified needs.
       (2) Scope.--The pilot program shall be designed to 
     facilitate connections between covered beneficiaries and 
     their families and community resources (including existing 
     resources provided by the Armed Forces). The pilot program, 
     including the practices covered by training pursuant to the 
     pilot program, shall conform to evidence-based scientific 
     criteria, including criteria available through publications 
     in peer-reviewed scientific journals.
       (3) Elements.--The pilot program shall include the 
     following:
       (A) Between one and three home visits, and not more than 
     seven other contacts, except in unusual cases (such as 
     deployments), with such home visits by a team led by a nurse, 
     whenever practicable, to provide screening, community 
     resource referral, and training to eligible covered 
     beneficiaries and their families on the following:
       (i) General maternal and infant health.
       (ii) Safe sleeping environments.
       (iii) Feeding and bathing.
       (iv) Adequate supervision.
       (v) Common hazards.
       (vi) Self-care.
       (vii) Recognition of post-partum depression, substance 
     abuse, and domestic violence in a mother or her partner and 
     community violence.
       (viii) Skills for management of infant crying.
       (ix) Other positive parenting skills and practices.
       (x) The importance of participating in ongoing healthcare 
     for an infant and in ongoing healthcare for post-partum 
     depression.
       (xi) Finding, qualifying for, and participating in 
     available community resources with respect to infant care, 
     childcare, and parenting support.
       (xii) Planning for parenting or guardianship of children 
     during deployment.
       (xiii) Such other matters as the Secretary considers 
     appropriate.
       (B) If a parent is deployed at the time of birth--
       (i) the first home visit pursuant to subparagraph (A) 
     shall, to the extent practicable, incorporate both parents, 
     in person with the local parent and by electronic means (such 
     as Skype or FaceTime) with the deployed parent; and
       (ii) another such home visit shall be conducted upon the 
     return of the parent from deployment, and shall include both 
     parents.
       (C) An electronic directory of community resources 
     available to eligible covered beneficiaries and their 
     families in order to assist teams described in subparagraph 
     (A) in connecting beneficiaries and families with such 
     resources.
       (D) An electronic integrated data system to--
       (i) support teams in referring beneficiaries to the 
     services and resources to be offered under subsection (c)(3) 
     and track beneficiary usage;
       (ii) track interactions between teams described in 
     subparagraph (A) and eligible beneficiaries and their 
     families; and
       (iii) otherwise evaluate the implementation and 
     effectiveness of the pilot program.
       (b) Mandatory Participation.--
       (1) In general.--Except as provided in paragraph (2), the 
     Secretary shall require all eligible covered beneficiaries at 
     each installation at which the pilot program is being 
     conducted to be contacted by the pilot program under this 
     section.
       (2) Exception.--The Secretary shall encourage participation 
     by both parents of a child in the pilot program, but 
     participation by one parent shall be sufficient to meet the 
     requirement under paragraph (1).
       (c) Available Services and Resources.--
       (1) In general.--In carrying out the pilot program under 
     this section, the Secretary shall offer services and 
     resources to an eligible covered beneficiary based on the 
     particular needs of the beneficiary and the beneficiary's 
     family.
       (2) Voluntary participation.--Participation by an eligible 
     covered beneficiary and family in any service or resource 
     offered under paragraph (1) shall be at the election of the 
     beneficiary.
       (3) Assessment of eligible covered beneficiaries.--
       (A) In general.--In carrying out the pilot program, the 
     Secretary shall conduct, or attempt to conduct, an assessment 
     of every eligible covered beneficiary and beneficiary family 
     participating in the pilot program, regardless of risk 
     factors, to determine which services and resources to offer 
     such beneficiary and family under paragraph (1).
       (B) Particular needs.--In conducting an assessment of an 
     eligible covered beneficiary and family under subparagraph 
     (A), the Secretary shall assess their needs and eligibility 
     for particular services and resources and connect the 
     beneficiary and family to services and resources for which 
     they have a need and are eligible, either within the 
     Department of Defense or elsewhere.
       (d) Involvement of Medical Staff.--
       (1) In general.--The Secretary shall ensure that the pilot 
     program under this section is conducted by licensed medical 
     staff of the Department of Defense and not family advocacy 
     staff.
       (2) Home visits.--
       (A) In general.--The Secretary shall ensure that the pilot 
     program includes the following:
       (i) An initial contact made prenatally (except when not 
     possible, in which case the contact shall occur as soon after 
     birth as possible) by a team described in subsection 
     (a)(3)(A), which shall include screening for the matters 
     specified in that subsection.
       (ii) Home visits by a nurse or other licensed medical 
     professional trained in the practices covered by the program 
     at the birth of a child, which visits shall follow a 
     research-based structured clinical protocol and include use 
     of the electronic integrated data described in subsection 
     (a)(3)(D).
       (B) Timing of visits.--The first visits under subparagraph 
     (A)(ii) shall occur between two and five weeks after hospital 
     discharge with appropriate follow-up generally accomplished 
     within two home visits.
       (C) Duration of visits.--Visits under this paragraph shall 
     have a duration between 90 minutes and 2 hours.
       (D) Final visit.--Not later than 45 days after the last 
     visit conducted by a nurse under subparagraph (A)(ii) with 
     respect to an eligible covered beneficiary, appropriate staff 
     shall follow-up with the beneficiary and the beneficiary's 
     family to assess if they are using the services recommended 
     under subsection (c).
       (e) Implementation Assessments.--
       (1) In general.--The Secretary shall carry out not fewer 
     than five implementation assessments in accordance with this 
     subsection in order to assess the effectiveness of the 
     elements and requirements of the pilot program.
       (2) Schedule.--The implementation assessment required by 
     this subsection shall be completed by not later than two 
     years after the date of the enactment of this Act.
       (3) Locations.--The implementation assessments shall be 
     carried out at not less than five military installations 
     selected by the Secretary for purposes of this subsection. In 
     selecting such installations, the Secretary shall select 
     installations representing a range of circumstances, 
     including installations in an urban location and a rural 
     location, installations with a large population and with a 
     small population, installations currently experiencing high 
     incidence of child abuse, neglect, or both and low incidence 
     of child abuse, neglect, or both, installations with a 
     hospital or clinic and without a hospital or clinic, joint 
     installations, and installations serving only one Armed 
     Force.
       (4) Assessment.--In carrying out the implementation 
     assessments, the Secretary shall seek to obtain an assessment 
     of each of the following:
       (A) The ability of nurses or other licensed medical 
     professionals to contact families eligible for participation 
     in the pilot program.
       (B) The extent to which families eligible for participation 
     in the program actually participate in the pilot program.
       (C) The ability of medical personnel to adhere to the 
     clinical protocols of the pilot program.
       (D) The extent to which families participating in the pilot 
     program are being connected to services and resources under 
     the pilot program.
       (E) The extent to which families participating in the pilot 
     program are using services and resources under the pilot 
     program.
       (f) Reports.--
       (1) Initial report.--Not later than 180 days after the date 
     of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall submit to 
     the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House 
     of Representatives a report on the pilot program to be 
     carried out pursuant to this section. The report shall 
     include a comprehensive description of each implementation 
     assessment to be carried out pursuant to subsection (e), 
     including--
       (A) the installation at which such implementation 
     assessment is being carried out;
       (B) a justification for the selection of such installation 
     for purposes of subsection (e); and
       (C) the elements and requirements of the pilot program 
     being carried out through such implementation assessment, 
     including strategy and metrics for evaluating effectiveness.
       (2) Final report.--Not later than 180 days after the 
     completion of the pilot program, the Secretary shall submit 
     to the committees specified in paragraph (1) a report on the 
     pilot program. The report shall include the following:
       (A) A comprehensive description and assessment of each of 
     the implementation assessments under subsection (e).

[[Page S4090]]

       (B) A comprehensive description and assessment of the pilot 
     program.
       (C) Such recommendations for legislative or administrative 
     action as the Secretary considers appropriate in light of 
     pilot program, including recommendations for modifications of 
     the pilot program or extension of the pilot program on an 
     permanent basis at additional locations.
       (g) Implementation Defense-wide.--If the Secretary 
     determines as a result of the pilot program that any element 
     of the pilot program is effective, the Secretary shall take 
     appropriate actions to implement the pilot program as a 
     program throughout and across the military installations of 
     the Department.
       (h) Definitions.--In this section:
       (1) The term ``community'', with respect to a military 
     installation, means the catchment area for community services 
     of the installation, including services provided on the 
     installation and services provided by State, county, and 
     local jurisdictions in which the installation is located or 
     in the vicinity of the installation.
       (2) The term ``eligible covered beneficiary'' means a 
     covered beneficiary (as that term is defined in section 1072 
     of title 10, United States Code) who obtains pre-natal and 
     obstetrical care in a military medical treatment facility in 
     connection with a birth covered by the pilot program.

     SEC. 575. PILOT PROGRAM ON PARTICIPATION OF MILITARY SPOUSES 
                   IN TRANSITION ASSISTANCE PROGRAM ACTIVITIES.

       (a) Pilot Program Required.--The Secretary of Defense shall 
     carry out a pilot program to assess the feasability and 
     advisability of permitting military spouses to participate in 
     activities under the Transition Assistance Program (TAP) 
     under section 1144 of title 10, United States Code, on 
     military installations.
       (b) Locations.--The Secretary shall carry out the pilot 
     program at not fewer than five military installations 
     selected by the Secretary for purposes of the pilot program.
       (c) Duration.--The Secretary shall carry out the pilot 
     program during the five-year period beginning on the date of 
     the enactment of this Act.
       (d) Participation.--
       (1) In general.--Under the pilot program, the spouse of a 
     member of the Armed Forces assigned to a military 
     installation at which the pilot program is carried out who is 
     participating in activities under the Transition Assistance 
     Program may participate in such activities under the Program 
     as the spouse considers appropriate, regardless of whether 
     the member is also participating in such activities at the 
     time of the spouse's participation.
       (2) Adequate facilities.--The Secretary shall ensure that 
     the facilities for the carrying out of activities under the 
     Transition Assistance Program at each installation at which 
     the pilot program is carried out are adequate to permit the 
     participation in such activities of any spouse of a member of 
     the Armed Forces at the installation who seeks to participate 
     in such activities.
       (e) Reports.--
       (1) Initial report.--Not later than six months after the 
     date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall submit 
     to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the 
     House of Representatives a report on the pilot program, 
     including a comprehensive description of the pilot program.
       (2) Final report.--Not later than six months after the 
     completion of the pilot program, the Secretary shall submit 
     to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the 
     House of Representatives a report on the pilot program. The 
     report shall include the following:
       (A) A comprehensive description of the pilot program, 
     including the installations at which the pilot program was 
     carried out and the rates of participation of military 
     spouses in activities under the Transition Assistance Program 
     pursuant to the pilot program.
       (B) Such recommendations for extension or expansion of the 
     pilot program, including making the pilot program permanent, 
     as the Secretary considers appropriate in light of the pilot 
     program.

     SEC. 576. SMALL BUSINESS ACTIVITIES OF MILITARY SPOUSES ON 
                   MILITARY INSTALLATIONS IN THE UNITED STATES.

       (a) Assessment of Small Business Activities.--The Secretary 
     of Defense shall submit to Congress a report setting forth an 
     assessment of the feasibility and advisability of permitting 
     military spouses to engage in small business activities on 
     military installations in the United States and in 
     partnership with commissaries, exchange stores, and other 
     morale, welfare, and recreation facilities of the Armed 
     Forces in the United States.
       (b) Elements.--The assessment shall--
       (1) take into account the usage by military spouses of 
     installation facilities, utilities, and other resources in 
     the conduct of small business activities on military 
     installations in the United States and such other matters in 
     connection with the conduct of such business activities by 
     military spouses as the Secretary considers appropriate; and
       (2) seek to identify mechanisms to ensure that costs and 
     fees associated with the usage by military spouses of such 
     facilities, utilities, and other resources in connection with 
     such business activities does not meaningfully curtail or 
     eliminate the opportunity for military spouses to profit 
     reasonably from such business activities.

                   Subtitle G--Decorations and Awards

     SEC. 581. AUTHORIZATION FOR AWARD OF THE DISTINGUISHED 
                   SERVICE CROSS FOR JUSTIN T. GALLEGOS FOR ACTS 
                   OF VALOR DURING OPERATION ENDURING FREEDOM.

       (a) Authorization.--Notwithstanding the time limitations 
     specified in section 3744 of title 10, United States Code, or 
     any other time limitation with respect to the awarding of 
     certain medals to persons who served in the Armed Forces, the 
     Secretary of the Army may award the Distinguished Service 
     Cross under section 3742 of such title to Justin T. Gallegos 
     for the acts of valor during Operation Enduring Freedom 
     described in subsection (b).
       (b) Action Described.--The acts of valor referred to in 
     subsection (a) are the actions of Justin T. Gallegos on 
     October 3, 2009, while serving in the grade of Staff Sergeant 
     in Afghanistan while serving with B Troop, 3d Squadron, 61st 
     Cavalry Regiment, 4th Brigade Combat Team, 4th Infantry 
     Division.

     SEC. 582. AWARD OF MEDALS OR OTHER COMMENDATIONS TO HANDLERS 
                   OF MILITARY WORKING DOGS.

       (a) Program of Award Required.--Each Secretary of a 
     military department shall carry out a program to provide for 
     the award of one or more medals or other commendations to 
     handlers of military working dogs under the jurisdiction of 
     such Secretary to recognize valor or meritorious achievement 
     by such handlers and dogs.
       (b) Medals and Commendations.--Any medal or commendation 
     awarded pursuant to a program under subsection (a) shall be 
     of such design, and include such elements, as the Secretary 
     of the military department concerned shall specify.
       (c) Presentation and Acceptance.--Any medal or commendation 
     awarded pursuant to a program under subsection (a) may be 
     presented to and accepted by the handler concerned on behalf 
     of the handler and the military working dog concerned.
       (d) Regulations.--Medals and commendations shall be awarded 
     under programs under subsection (a) in accordance with 
     regulations prescribed by the Secretary of Defense for 
     purposes of this section.

                       Subtitle H--Other Matters

     SEC. 591. AUTHORITY TO AWARD DAMAGED PERSONAL PROTECTIVE 
                   EQUIPMENT TO MEMBERS SEPARATING FROM THE ARMED 
                   FORCES AND VETERANS AS MEMENTOS OF MILITARY 
                   SERVICE.

       (a) In General.--Chapter 152 of title 10, United States 
     Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new 
     section:

     ``Sec. 2568a. Damaged personal protective equipment: award to 
       members separating from the armed forces and veterans

       ``The Secretary of a military department may award to a 
     member of the armed forces under the jurisdiction of the 
     Secretary who is separating from the armed forces, and to any 
     veteran formerly under the jurisdiction of the Secretary, 
     demilitarizied personal protective equipment (PPE) of the 
     member or veteran that was damaged in combat or otherwise 
     during the deployment of the member or veteran. The award of 
     equipment under this section shall be without cost to the 
     member or veteran concerned.''.
       (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the 
     beginning of chapter 152 of such title is amended by adding 
     at the end the following new item:

``2568a. Damaged personal protective equipment: award to members 
              separating from the armed forces and veterans.''.

     SEC. 592. STANDARDIZATION OF FREQUENCY OF ACADEMY VISITS OF 
                   THE AIR FORCE ACADEMY BOARD OF VISITORS WITH 
                   ACADEMY VISITS OF BOARDS OF OTHER MILITARY 
                   SERVICE ACADEMIES.

       Section 9355 of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
     striking subsection (d) and inserting the following new 
     subsection:
       ``(d) The Board shall visit the Academy annually. With the 
     approval of the Secretary of the Air Force, the Board or its 
     members may make other visits to the Academy in connection 
     with the duties of the Board or to consult with the 
     Superintendent of the Academy. Board members shall have 
     access to the Academy grounds and the cadets, faculty, staff, 
     and other personnel of the Academy for the purposes of the 
     duties of the Board.''.

     SEC. 593. REDESIGNATION OF THE COMMANDANT OF THE UNITED 
                   STATES AIR FORCE INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY AS THE 
                   PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES AIR FORCE 
                   INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY.

       (a) Redesignation.--Section 9314b(a) of title 10, United 
     States Code, is amended--
       (1) in subsection heading, by striking ``Commandant'' and 
     inserting ``President'';
       (2) by striking ``Commandant'' each place it appears and 
     inserting ``President''; and
       (3) in the heading of paragraph (3), by striking 
     ``commandant'' and inserting ``president''.
       (b) References.--Any reference in any law, regulation, map, 
     document, paper, or other record of the United States to the 
     Commandant of the United States Air Force Institute of 
     Technology shall be deemed to be a reference to the President 
     of the United States Air Force Institute of Technology.

     SEC. 594. LIMITATION ON JUSTIFICATIONS ENTERED BY MILITARY 
                   RECRUITERS FOR ENLISTMENT OR ACCESSION OF 
                   INDIVIDUALS INTO THE ARMED FORCES.

       (a) In General.--In any case in which a database or system 
     maintained by an Armed Force regarding the reasons why 
     individuals elect to enlist or access into the Armed Force 
     provides for military recruiters to select among pre-
     specified options for reasons for such election, military 
     recruiters entering data into such database or system may 
     select only among such pre-specified options as reasons for 
     the enlistment or accession of any particular individual.
       (b) Military Recruiter Defined.--In this section, the term 
     ``military recruiter'' means a person who as the duty to 
     recruit persons into the Armed Forces for military service.

[[Page S4091]]

  


     SEC. 595. NATIONAL COMMISSION ON MILITARY, NATIONAL, AND 
                   PUBLIC SERVICE MATTERS.

       (a) Definitions.--Section 551(c) of the National Defense 
     Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328; 
     130 Stat. 2130) is amended--
       (1) in paragraph (1), by inserting after ``United States 
     Code)'' the following: ``or active status (as that term is 
     defined in subsection (d)(4) of such section)'';
       (2) in paragraph (2)--
       (A) by striking `` `national service' '' and inserting `` 
     `public service' ''; and
       (B) by striking ``or State Government'' and inserting ``, 
     State, Tribal, or local government'';
       (3) in paragraph (3)--
       (A) by striking `` `public service' '' and inserting `` 
     `national service' ''; and
       (B) by striking ``employment'' and inserting 
     ``participation''; and
       (4) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
       ``(4) The term `establishment date' means September 19, 
     2017.''.
       (b) Exception to Paperwork Reduction Act.--Section 555(e) 
     of that Act (130 Stat. 2134) is amended by adding at the end 
     the following new paragraph:
       ``(4) Paperwork reduction act.--For purposes of developing 
     its recommendations, the information collection of the 
     Commission may be treated as a pilot project under section 
     3505(a) of title 44, United States Code. In addition, the 
     Commission shall not be subject to the requirements of 
     section 3506(c)(2)(A) of such title.''.

     SEC. 596. BURIAL OF UNCLAIMED REMAINS OF INMATES AT THE 
                   UNITED STATES DISCIPLINARY BARRACKS CEMETERY, 
                   FORT LEAVENWORTH, KANSAS.

       Section 985 of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
       (1) in subsection (b), by striking ``A person who is 
     ineligible'' in the matter preceding paragraph (1) and 
     inserting ``Except as provided in subsection (c), a person 
     who is ineligible'';
       (2) by redesignating subsection (c) as subsection (d); and
       (3) by inserting after subsection (b) the following new 
     subsection (c):
       ``(c) Unclaimed Remains of Military Prisoners.--Subsection 
     (b) shall not preclude the burial at the United States 
     Disciplinary Barracks Cemetery at Fort Leavenworth, Kansas, 
     of a military prisoner, including a military prisoner who is 
     a person described in section 2411(b) of title 38, who dies 
     while in custody of a military department and whose remains 
     are not claimed by the person authorized to direct 
     disposition of the remains or by other persons legally 
     authorized to dispose of the remains.''.

     SEC. 597. SPACE-AVAILABLE TRAVEL ON DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE 
                   AIRCRAFT FOR VETERANS WITH SERVICE-CONNECTED 
                   DISABILITIES RATED AS TOTAL.

       (a) In General.--Subsection (c) of section 2641b of title 
     10, United States Code, is amended--
       (1) by redesignating paragraphs (4) and (5) as paragraphs 
     (5) and (6), respectively; and
       (2) by inserting after paragraph (3) the following new 
     paragraph (4):
       ``(4) Subject to subsection (f), veterans with a permanent 
     service-connected disability rated as total.''.
       (b) Conditions and Limitations.--Such section is further 
     amended--
       (1) by redesignating subsection (f) as subsection (g); and
       (2) by inserting after subsection (e) the following new 
     subsection (f):
       ``(f) Veterans With Service-connected Disabilities Rated as 
     Total.--(1) Travel may not be provided under this section to 
     a veteran eligible for travel pursuant to subsection (c)(4) 
     in priority over any member eligible for travel under 
     subsection (c)(1) or any dependent of such a member eligible 
     for travel under this section.
       ``(2) The authority in subsection (c)(4) may not be 
     construed as affecting or in any way imposing on the 
     Department of Defense, any armed force, or any commercial 
     company with which they contract an obligation or expectation 
     that they will retrofit or alter, in any way, military 
     aircraft or commercial aircraft, or related equipment or 
     facilities, used or leased by the Department or such armed 
     force to accommodate passengers provided travel under such 
     authority on account of disability.
       ``(3) The authority in subsection (c)(4) may not be 
     construed as preempting the authority of a flight commander 
     to determine who boards the aircraft and any other matters in 
     connection with safe operation of the aircraft.''.

          TITLE VI--COMPENSATION AND OTHER PERSONNEL BENEFITS

                     Subtitle A--Pay and Allowances

     SEC. 601. FISCAL YEAR 2019 INCREASE IN MILITARY BASIC PAY.

       (a) Waiver of Section 1009 Adjustment.--The adjustment to 
     become effective during fiscal year 2019 required by section 
     1009 of title 37, United States Code, in the rates of monthly 
     basic pay authorized members of the uniformed services shall 
     not be made.
       (b) Increase in Basic Pay.--Effective on January 1, 2019, 
     the rates of monthly basic pay for members of the uniformed 
     services are increased by 2.6 percent.

     SEC. 602. REPEAL OF AUTHORITY FOR PAYMENT OF PERSONAL MONEY 
                   ALLOWANCES TO NAVY OFFICERS SERVING IN CERTAIN 
                   POSITIONS.

       (a) Repeal.--Section 414 of title 37, United States Code, 
     is amended--
       (1) by striking subsection (b); and
       (2) by redesignating subsection (c) as subsection (b).
       (b) Effective Date.--The amendments made by subsection (a) 
     shall take effect on December 31, 2018, and shall apply with 
     respect to personal money allowances payable under section 
     414 of title 37, United States Code, for years beginning 
     after that date.

     SEC. 603. DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE PROPOSAL FOR A PAY TABLE FOR 
                   MEMBERS OF THE ARMED FORCES USING STEPS IN 
                   GRADE BASED ON TIME IN GRADE RATHER THAN TIME 
                   IN SERVICE.

       (a) Proposal Required.--Not later than 120 days after the 
     date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense 
     shall submit to the congressional defense committees a report 
     setting forth a proposal for a pay table for members of the 
     Armed Forces that uses steps in grade for each pay grade 
     based on time of service within such pay grade rather than on 
     time of service in the Armed Forces as a whole.
       (b) Comptroller General Assessment.--Not later than April 
     1, 2019, the Comptroller General of the United States shall 
     submit to the congressional defense committees a report 
     setting forth an assessment by the Comptroller General of the 
     proposed pay table required pursuant to subsection (a), 
     including an assessment of the effects of using the proposed 
     pay table, rather than the current pay table for members of 
     the Armed Forces, on recruitment and retention of members of 
     the Armed Forces as a whole and on recruitment and retention 
     of members of the Armed Forces with particular sets of skills 
     (including cyber and other technical skills).

     SEC. 604. FINANCIAL SUPPORT FOR LESSORS UNDER THE MILITARY 
                   HOUSING PRIVATIZATION INITIATIVE DURING 2019.

       (a) Support Authorized.--Subject to subsection (c), for 
     each month during 2019, the Secretary of Defense may pay to a 
     lessor of covered housing up to 2 percent of the amount 
     calculated under section 403(b)(3)(A)(i) of title 37, United 
     States Code, for the area in which the covered housing exists 
     for each member to whom such lessor leases covered housing 
     for such month.
       (b) Covered Housing.--In this section, the term ``covered 
     housing'' means a unit of housing--
       (1) acquired or constructed under the alternative authority 
     of subchapter IV of chapter 169 of title 10, United States 
     Code (known as the Military Housing Privatization 
     Initiative);
       (2) that is leased to a member of a uniformed service who 
     resides in such unit; and
       (3) for which the lessor charges such member rent that 
     equals or exceeds the amount calculated under section 
     403(b)(3)(A) of title 37, United States Code.
       (c) Support Contingent on Notice to Congress.--
       (1) In general.--The Secretary may not make payments to a 
     lessor for particular covered housing in 2019 authorized by 
     subsection (a) until the Secretary submits to the Committees 
     on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of 
     Representatives a notice on such payments.
       (2) Elements.--The notice on payments to a lessor for 
     particular covered housing in 2019 for purposes of paragraph 
     (1) shall include the following:
       (A) A documented request from the lessor for additional 
     funding in connection with such housing and endorsed by the 
     commander of the military installation concerned.
       (B) A description of the formula to be used by the 
     Secretary to calculate the amount of such payments.
       (C) A description of the current financial condition of the 
     lessor in connection with such housing, including the 
     following:
       (i) The current debt coverage ratio of the lessor for such 
     housing.
       (ii) An assessment of the lessor's ability to fund future 
     sustainment costs for such housing in the absence of payments 
     as described in subsection (a).
       (iii) An assessment of whether any earnings for the lessor 
     from other covered housing, if any, can offset predicted 
     shortfalls in funding for such housing.
       (D) An assessment of the effects, if any, of recent 
     reductions in basic allowance for housing on the financial 
     viability of such housing for the lessor.
       (E) A plan to ensure the long-term financial stability of 
     such housing.
       (F) A recommendation whether the contract between the 
     lessor and government for such housing area should be 
     retained without modification, or modified, to ensure long-
     term financial viability of such housing.

     SEC. 605. MODIFICATION OF AUTHORITY OF PRESIDENT TO DETERMINE 
                   ALTERNATIVE PAY ADJUSTMENT IN ANNUAL BASIC PAY 
                   OF MEMBERS OF THE UNIFORMED SERVICES.

       (a) Modification.--Section 1009(e) of title 37, United 
     States Code, is amended--
       (1) in paragraph (1), by striking ``or serious economic 
     conditions affecting the general welfare'';
       (2) by striking paragraph (2); and
       (3) by redesignating paragraph (3) as paragraph (2).
       (b) Effective Date.--The amendments made by subsection (a) 
     shall take effect on the date of the enactment of this Act, 
     and--
       (1) if the date of the enactment of this Act occurs before 
     September 1 of a year, shall apply with respect to plans for 
     alternative pay adjustments for any year beginning after such 
     year; and
       (2) if the date of the enactment of this Act occurs after 
     August 31 of a year, shall apply with respect to plans for 
     alternative pay adjustments for any year beginning after the 
     year following such year.

     SEC. 606. ELIGIBILITY OF RESERVE COMPONENT MEMBERS FOR HIGH-
                   DEPLOYMENT ALLOWANCE FOR LENGTHY OR NUMEROUS 
                   DEPLOYMENTS AND FREQUENT MOBILIZATIONS.

       Section 436(a)(2)(C)(ii) of title 37, United States Code, 
     is amended by inserting after

[[Page S4092]]

     ``under'' the first place it appears the following: ``section 
     12304b of title 10 or''.

     SEC. 607. ELIGIBILITY OF RESERVE COMPONENT MEMBERS FOR 
                   NONREDUCTION IN PAY WHILE SERVING IN THE 
                   UNIFORMED SERVICES OR NATIONAL GUARD.

       Section 5538(a) of title 5, United States Code, is amended 
     in the matter preceding paragraph (1) by inserting after 
     ``under'' the following: ``section 12304b of title 10 or''.

     SEC. 608. TEMPORARY ADJUSTMENT IN RATE OF BASIC ALLOWANCE FOR 
                   HOUSING FOLLOWING IDENTIFICATION OF SIGNIFICANT 
                   UNDERDETERMINATION OF CIVILIAN HOUSING COSTS 
                   FOR HOUSING AREAS.

       Section 403(b) of title 37, United States Code, is amended 
     by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
       ``(8)(A) Under the authority of this paragraph, the 
     Secretary of Defense may prescribe a temporary adjustment in 
     the current rates of basic allowance for housing for a 
     military housing area or portion of a military housing area 
     if the Secretary determines that the actual costs of adequate 
     housing for civilians in that military housing area or 
     portion thereof differ from such current rates of basic 
     allowance for housing by an amount in excess of 20 percent of 
     such current rates of basic allowance for housing.
       ``(B) Any temporary increase in rates of basic allowance 
     for housing under this paragraph shall remain in effect only 
     until the next annual adjustment in rates of basic allowance 
     for housing under this subsection by law.
       ``(C) This paragraph shall cease to be effective on 
     December 31, 2019.''.

           Subtitle B--Bonuses and Special and Incentive Pays

     SEC. 611. ONE-YEAR EXTENSION OF CERTAIN EXPIRING BONUS AND 
                   SPECIAL PAY AUTHORITIES.

       (a) Authorities Relating to Title 37 Consolidated Special 
     Pay, Incentive Pay, and Bonus Authorities.--The following 
     sections of title 37, United States Code, are amended by 
     striking ``December 31, 2018'' and inserting ``December 31, 
     2019'':
       (1) Section 331(h), relating to general bonus authority for 
     enlisted members.
       (2) Section 332(g), relating to general bonus authority for 
     officers.
       (3) Section 334(i), relating to special aviation incentive 
     pay and bonus authorities for officers.
       (4) Section 335(k), relating to special bonus and incentive 
     pay authorities for officers in health professions.
       (5) Section 336(g), relating to contracting bonus for 
     cadets and midshipmen enrolled in the Senior Reserve 
     Officers' Training Corps.
       (6) Section 351(h), relating to hazardous duty pay.
       (7) Section 352(g), relating to assignment pay or special 
     duty pay.
       (8) Section 353(i), relating to skill incentive pay or 
     proficiency bonus.
       (9) Section 355(h), relating to retention incentives for 
     members qualified in critical military skills or assigned to 
     high priority units.
       (b) Authorities Relating To Reserve Forces.--Section 910(g) 
     of title 37, United States Code, relating to income 
     replacement payments for reserve component members 
     experiencing extended and frequent mobilization for active 
     duty service, is amended by striking ``December 31, 2018'' 
     and inserting ``December 31, 2019''.
       (c) Title 10 Authorities Relating to Health Care 
     Professionals.--The following sections of title 10, United 
     States Code, are amended by striking ``December 31, 2018'' 
     and inserting ``December 31, 2019'':
       (1) Section 2130a(a)(1), relating to nurse officer 
     candidate accession program.
       (2) Section 16302(d), relating to repayment of education 
     loans for certain health professionals who serve in the 
     Selected Reserve.
       (d) Authorities Relating to Nuclear Officers.--Section 
     333(i) of title 37, United States Code, is amended by 
     striking ``December 31, 2018'' and inserting ``December 31, 
     2019''.
       (e) Authority to Provide Temporary Increase in Rates of 
     Basic Allowance for Housing.--Section 403(b)(7)(E) of title 
     37, United States Code, is amended by striking ``December 31, 
     2018'' and inserting ``December 31, 2019''.

     Subtitle C--Disability Pay, Retired Pay, and Survivor Benefits

     SEC. 621. TECHNICAL CORRECTIONS IN CALCULATION AND 
                   PUBLICATION OF SPECIAL SURVIVOR INDEMNITY 
                   ALLOWANCE COST OF LIVING ADJUSTMENTS.

       (a) Months for Which Adjustment Applicable.--Paragraph (2) 
     of section 1450(m) of title 10, United States Code, is 
     amended--
       (1) in subparagraph (I), by striking ``December'' and 
     inserting ``November''; and
       (2) in subparagraph (J), by striking ``for months during 
     any calendar year after 2018'' and inserting ``for months 
     after November 2018''.
       (b) Cost of Living Adjustment.--Paragraph (6) of such 
     section is amended--
       (1) in the paragraph heading, by striking ``after 2018'' 
     and inserting ``after november 2018''; and
       (2) by striking subparagraphs (A) and (B) and inserting the 
     following new subparagraphs:
       ``(A) In general.--Whenever retired pay is increased for a 
     month under section 1401a of this title (or any other 
     provision of law), the amount of the allowance payable under 
     paragraph (1) for that month shall also be increased.
       ``(B) Amount of increase.--With respect to an eligible 
     survivor of a member of the uniformed services, the increase 
     for a month shall be--
       ``(i) the amount payable pursuant to paragraph (2) for 
     months during the preceding 12-month period; plus
       ``(ii) an amount equal to a percentage of the amount 
     determined pursuant to clause (i), which percentage is the 
     percentage by which the retired pay of the member would have 
     increased for the month, as described in subparagraph (A), if 
     the member was alive (and otherwise entitled to such pay).
       ``(C) Rounding down.--The monthly amount of an allowance 
     payable under this subsection, if not a multiple of $1, shall 
     be rounded to the next lower multiple of $1.
       ``(D) Public notice on amount of allowance payable.--
     Whenever an increase in the amount of the allowance payable 
     under paragraph (1) is made pursuant to this paragraph, the 
     Secretary of Defense shall publish the amount of the 
     allowance so payable by reason of such increase, including 
     the months for which payable.''.
       (c) Effective Date.--The amendments made by this section 
     shall take effect on December 1, 2018.

                       Subtitle D--Other Matters

     SEC. 631. RATES OF PER DIEM FOR LONG-TERM TEMPORARY DUTY 
                   ASSIGNMENTS.

       (a) Report on Cost-benefit Analysis of November 2014 Change 
     of Policy.--
       (1) In general.--Not later than 90 days after the date of 
     the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall 
     submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and 
     the House of Representatives a report setting forth an 
     analysis, conducted by the Secretary for purposes of the 
     report, of the costs and benefits of the change in policy of 
     the Department of Defense on rates of per diem for long-term 
     temporary duty assignments that took effect on November 1, 
     2014. The study shall be consistent with the principles and 
     requirements of Office of Management and Budget Circular A-
     94.
       (2) Element assessing cost-benefit.--The report under 
     paragraph (1) shall specify, in particular, whether or not 
     the benefits of the change in policy described in that 
     paragraph have outweighed and will continue to outweigh the 
     costs of the change of policy.
       (b) Contingent Reversion to Prior Policy.--
       (1) Lack of report.--If the report required by subsection 
     (a)(1) is not submitted to the committees of Congress 
     referred to in that subsection by the contingency date, 
     effective as of the contingency date, the policy of the 
     Department on rates of per diem for long-term temporary duty 
     assignments shall be the policy as in effect as of October 
     31, 2014.
       (2) Finding of costs outweighing benefits.--If the 
     specification in the report as required by subsection (a)(2) 
     is that the benefits of the change in policy described in 
     subsection (a)(1) have not outweighed or will not continue to 
     outweigh the costs of the change of policy, effective as of 
     the date of the report, the policy of the Department on rates 
     of per diem for long-term temporary duty assignments shall be 
     the policy as in effect as of October 31, 2014.
       (3) Contingency date defined.--In this subsection, the term 
     ``contingency date'' means the date that is 120 days after 
     the date of the enactment of this Act.

     SEC. 632. PROHIBITION ON PER DIEM ALLOWANCE REDUCTIONS BASED 
                   ON THE DURATION OF TEMPORARY DUTY ASSIGNMENT OR 
                   CIVILIAN TRAVEL.

       (a) Members.--Section 474(d)(3) of title 37, United States 
     Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new 
     sentence: ``The Secretary of a military department shall not 
     alter the amount of the per diem allowance, or the maximum 
     amount of reimbursement, for a locality based on the duration 
     of the temporary duty assignment in the locality of a member 
     of the armed forces under the jurisdiction of the 
     Secretary.''.
       (b) Civilian Employees.--Section 5702(a)(2) of title 5, 
     United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the 
     following new sentence: ``The Secretary of Defense shall not 
     alter the amount of the per diem allowance, or the maximum 
     amount of reimbursement, for a locality based on the duration 
     of the travel in the locality of an employee of the 
     Department.''.
       (c) Repeals.--
       (1) Existing policy and regulations.--The policy, and any 
     regulations issued pursuant to such policy, implemented by 
     the Secretary of Defense on November 1, 2014, with respect to 
     reductions in per diem allowances based on duration of 
     temporary duty assignment or civilian travel shall have no 
     force or effect.
       (2) Attempted statutory fix.--Section 672 of the National 
     Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 
     114-328; 37 U.S.C. 474 note; 130 Stat. 2178) is repealed.

                   TITLE VII--HEALTH CARE PROVISIONS

           Subtitle A--TRICARE and Other Health Care Benefits

     SEC. 701. CONSOLIDATION OF COST-SHARING REQUIREMENTS UNDER 
                   TRICARE SELECT AND TRICARE PRIME.

       (a) TRICARE Select.--
       (1) In general.--Section 1075 of title 10, United States 
     Code, is amended--
       (A) in subsection (c), by striking paragraphs (1) and (2) 
     and inserting the following new paragraphs:
       ``(1) With respect to beneficiaries in the active-duty 
     family member category or the retired category other than 
     beneficiaries described in paragraph (2)(B), the cost-sharing 
     requirements shall be calculated pursuant to subsection 
     (d)(1).
       ``(2)(A) With respect to beneficiaries described in 
     subparagraph (B) in the active-duty family member category or 
     the retired category, the cost-sharing requirements shall be 
     calculated as if the beneficiary were enrolled in TRICARE 
     Extra or TRICARE Standard as if TRICARE Extra or TRICARE 
     Standard, as the case may be, were still being carried out by 
     the Secretary.
       ``(B) Beneficiaries described in this subparagraph are the 
     following beneficiaries:
       ``(i) Retired members and the family members of such 
     retired members covered by section

[[Page S4093]]

     1086(c)(1) of this title by reason of being retired under 
     chapter 61 of this title or being a dependent of such a 
     retired member.
       ``(ii) Survivors covered by section 1086(c)(2) of this 
     title.'';
       (B) by striking subsection (e); and
       (C) by redesignating subsections (f), (g), and (h) as 
     subsections (e), (f), and (g), respectively.
       (2) Conforming amendment.--Subsection (d)(2) of such 
     section is amended by striking ``, and the amounts specified 
     under paragraphs (1) and (2) of subsection (e),''.
       (b) TRICARE Prime.--Section 1075a(a) of title 10, United 
     States Code, is amended--
       (1) by striking paragraph (2) and inserting the following 
     new paragraph:
       ``(2) With respect to beneficiaries in the active-duty 
     family member category or the retired category (as described 
     in section 1075(b)(1) of this title) other than beneficiaries 
     described in paragraph (3)(B), the cost-sharing requirements 
     shall be calculated pursuant to subsection (b)(1).''; and
       (2) in paragraph (3), by striking subparagraph (B) and 
     inserting the following new subparagraph:
       ``(B) Beneficiaries described in this subparagraph are the 
     following beneficiaries:
       ``(i) Retired members and the family members of such 
     retired members covered by section 1086(c)(1) of this title 
     by reason of being retired under chapter 61 of this title or 
     being a dependent of such a retired member.
       ``(ii) Survivors covered by section 1086(c)(2) of this 
     title.''.
       (c) Effective Date.--The amendments made by this section 
     shall take effect on January 1, 2019.

     SEC. 702. ADMINISTRATION OF TRICARE DENTAL PLANS THROUGH THE 
                   FEDERAL EMPLOYEES DENTAL INSURANCE PROGRAM.

       (a) Eligibility of Additional Beneficiaries Under the 
     Federal Employees Dental Insurance Program.--Section 8951(8) 
     of title 5, United States Code, is amended by striking 
     ``1076c'' and inserting ``1076a or 1076c''.
       (b) Administration of TRICARE Dental Plans.--Subsection (b) 
     of section 1076a of title 10, United States Code, is amended 
     to read as follows:
       ``(b) Administration of Plans.--The plans established under 
     this section shall be administered by the Secretary of 
     Defense through an agreement with the Director of the Office 
     of Personnel Management to allow persons described in 
     subsection (a) to enroll in an insurance plan under chapter 
     89A of title 5, in accordance with terms prescribed by the 
     Secretary, including terms, to the extent practical, as 
     defined by the Director through regulation, consistent with 
     subsection (d) and, to the extent practicable in relation to 
     such chapter 89A, other provisions of this section.''.
       (c) Applicability.--The amendments made by this section 
     shall apply with respect to the first contract year for 
     chapter 89A of title 5, United States Code, that begins on or 
     after January 1, 2022.
       (d) Transition.--To ensure the successful transition of 
     programs, in carrying out the TRICARE dental program under 
     section 1076a of title 10, United States Code, the Secretary 
     of Defense shall ensure that the contractor for such program 
     provides claims information under such program to carriers 
     providing dental coverage under chapter 89A of title 5, 
     United States Code.

     SEC. 703. CONTRACEPTION COVERAGE PARITY UNDER THE TRICARE 
                   PROGRAM.

       (a) In General.--Section 1074d(b)(3) of title 10, United 
     States Code, is amended by inserting before the period at the 
     end the following: ``(including all methods of contraception 
     approved by the Food and Drug Administration, contraceptive 
     care (including with respect to insertion, removal, and 
     follow up), sterilization procedures, and patient education 
     and counseling in connection therewith)''.
       (b) Prohibition on Cost-sharing for Certain Services.--
       (1) TRICARE select.--Section 1075(c) of such title is 
     amended by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
       ``(4) For all beneficiaries under this section, there is no 
     cost-sharing for any method of contraception provided by a 
     network provider.''.
       (2) TRICARE prime.--Section 1075a(b) of such title is 
     amended by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
       ``(5) For all beneficiaries under this section, there is no 
     cost-sharing for any method of contraception provided by a 
     network provider.''.
       (3) Pharmacy benefits program.--Section 1074g(a)(6) of such 
     title is amended by adding at the end the following new 
     subparagraph:
       ``(D) Notwithstanding subparagraphs (A) and (B), there is 
     no cost-sharing for any prescription contraceptive on the 
     uniform formulary provided by a network retail pharmacy 
     provider or the mail order pharmacy program.''.
       (c) Effective Date.--The amendments made by this section 
     shall take effect on January 1, 2020.

     SEC. 704. PILOT PROGRAM ON OPIOID MANAGEMENT IN THE MILITARY 
                   HEALTH SYSTEM.

       (a) Pilot Program.--
       (1) In general.--Beginning not later than 180 days after 
     the date of the enactment of this Act, the Director of the 
     Defense Health Agency shall implement a comprehensive pilot 
     program to minimize early opioid exposure in beneficiaries 
     under the TRICARE program and to prevent progression to 
     misuse or abuse of opioid medications.
       (2) Opioid safety across continuum of care.--The pilot 
     program shall include elements to maximize opioid safety 
     across the entire continuum of care consisting of patient, 
     physician or dentist, and pharmacist.
       (b) Elements of Pilot Program.--The pilot program shall 
     include the following:
       (1) Identification of potential opioid misuse or abuse in 
     pharmacies of military treatment facilities, retail network 
     pharmacies, and the home delivery pharmacy and transmission 
     of alerts regarding such potential mistreatment to opioid 
     prescribing physicians or dentists.
       (2) Direct engagement with, education for, and management 
     of beneficiaries under the TRICARE program to help such 
     beneficiaries avoid opioid misuse or abuse.
       (3) Provision of in-home disposal kits to deactivate excess 
     opioids and prevent unauthorized use.
       (4) Proactive outreach by specialist pharmacists to such 
     beneficiaries when identifying potential opioid misuse or 
     abuse.
       (5) Monitoring of such beneficiaries through the use of 
     predictive analytics to identify the potential for abuse and 
     addiction before such beneficiaries begin an opioid 
     prescription.
       (6) Detection of fraud, waste, and abuse.
       (c) Report on Pilot Program.--
       (1) In general.--Not later than 180 days before completion 
     of the pilot program, the Secretary of Defense shall submit 
     to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the 
     House of Representatives a report that describes the conduct 
     of the pilot program.
       (2) Elements.--The report required by paragraph (1) shall 
     include the following:
       (A) A description of the pilot program, including outcome 
     measures developed to determine the overall effectiveness of 
     the pilot program.
       (B) A description of the ability of the pilot program to 
     identify opioid misuse and abuse among beneficiaries under 
     the TRICARE program in each pharmacy venue of the pharmacy 
     program of the military health system.
       (C) A description of the impact of the use of predictive 
     analytics to monitor such beneficiaries to identify the 
     potential for opioid abuse and addiction before such 
     beneficiaries begin an opioid prescription.
       (D) A description of any reduction in the misuse or abuse 
     of opioid medications among such beneficiaries as a result of 
     the pilot program.
       (d) Duration.--
       (1) In general.--Except as provided in paragraph (2), the 
     Director shall carry out the pilot program for a period of 
     not more than three years.
       (2) Expansion.--The Director may implement the pilot 
     program on a permanent basis if the Director determines that 
     the pilot program successfully reduces early opioid exposure 
     in beneficiaries under the TRICARE program and prevents 
     progression to misuse or abuse of opioid medications.
       (e) TRICARE Program Defined.--In this section, the term 
     ``TRICARE program'' has the meaning given that term in 
     section 1072 of title 10, United States Code.

     SEC. 705. PILOT PROGRAM ON TREATMENT OF MEMBERS OF THE ARMED 
                   FORCES FOR POST-TRAUMATIC STRESS DISORDER 
                   RELATED TO MILITARY SEXUAL TRAUMA.

       (a) In General.--The Secretary of Defense may carry out a 
     pilot program to assess the feasibility and advisability of 
     using intensive outpatient programs to treat members of the 
     Armed Forces suffering from post-traumatic stress disorder 
     resulting from military sexual trauma, including treatment 
     for substance abuse, depression, and other issues related to 
     such conditions.
       (b) Discharge Through Partnerships.--The pilot program 
     authorized by subsection (a) shall be carried out through 
     partnerships with public, private, and non-profit health care 
     organizations and institutions that--
       (1) provide health care to members of the Armed Forces;
       (2) provide evidence-based treatment for psychological and 
     neurological conditions that are common among members of the 
     Armed Forces, including post-traumatic stress disorder, 
     traumatic brain injury, substance abuse, and depression;
       (3) provide health care, support, and other benefits to 
     family members of members of the Armed Forces; and
       (4) provide health care under the TRICARE program (as that 
     term is defined in section 1072 of title 10, United States 
     Code).
       (c) Program Activities.--Each organization or institution 
     that participates in a partnership under the pilot program 
     authorized by subsection (a) shall--
       (1) carry out intensive outpatient programs of short 
     duration to treat members of the Armed Forces suffering from 
     post-traumatic stress disorder resulting from military sexual 
     trauma, including treatment for substance abuse, depression, 
     and other issues related to such conditions;
       (2) use evidence-based and evidence-informed treatment 
     strategies in carrying out such programs;
       (3) share clinical and outreach best practices with other 
     organizations and institutions participating in the pilot 
     program; and
       (4) annually assess outcomes for members of the Armed 
     Forces individually and among the organizations and 
     institutions participating in the pilot program with respect 
     to the treatment of conditions described in paragraph (1).
       (d) Evaluation Metrics.--Before commencement of the pilot 
     program, the Secretary shall establish metrics to be used to 
     evaluate the effectiveness of the pilot program and the 
     activities under the pilot program.
       (e) Reports.--
       (1) Initial report.--Not later than 180 days after the date 
     of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall submit to 
     the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House 
     of Representatives a report on the pilot program authorized 
     by subsection (a). The report shall include a description of 
     the pilot program and such other matters on the pilot program 
     as the Secretary considers appropriate.
       (2) Final report.--Not later than 180 days after the 
     cessation of the pilot program under

[[Page S4094]]

     subsection (f), the Secretary shall submit to the committees 
     of Congress referred to in paragraph (1) a report on the 
     pilot program. The report shall include the following:
       (A) A description of the pilot program, including the 
     partnership under the pilot program as described in 
     subsection (b).
       (B) An assessment of the effectiveness of the pilot program 
     and the activities under the pilot program.
       (C) Such recommendations for legislative or administrative 
     action as the Secretary considers appropriate in light of the 
     pilot program, including recommendations for extension or 
     making permanent the authority for the pilot program.
       (f) Termination.--The Secretary may not carry out the pilot 
     program authorized by subsection (a) after the date that is 
     three years after the date of the enactment of this Act.

                 Subtitle B--Health Care Administration

     SEC. 711. IMPROVEMENT OF ADMINISTRATION OF DEFENSE HEALTH 
                   AGENCY AND MILITARY MEDICAL TREATMENT 
                   FACILITIES.

       (a) In General.--Subsection (a) of section 1073c of title 
     10, United States Code, is amended--
       (1) by redesignating paragraphs (2) and (3) as paragraphs 
     (3) and (4), respectively; and
       (2) by inserting after paragraph (1) the following new 
     paragraph (2):
       ``(2) In addition to the responsibilities set forth in 
     paragraph (1), the Director of the Defense Health Agency 
     shall have the authority--
       ``(A) to direct, control, and serve as the primary rater of 
     the performance of commanders or directors of military 
     medical treatment facilities;
       ``(B) to direct and control any intermediary organizations 
     between the Defense Health Agency and military medical 
     treatment facilities;
       ``(C) to determine the scope of medical care provided at 
     each military medical treatment facility to meet the military 
     personnel readiness requirements of the senior military 
     operational commander of the military installation;
       ``(D) to determine total workforce requirements at each 
     military medical treatment facility;
       ``(E) to direct joint manning at military medical treatment 
     facilities and intermediary organizations;
       ``(F) to establish training and skills sustainment venues 
     for military medical personnel;
       ``(G) to address personnel staffing shortages at military 
     medical treatment facilities; and
       ``(H) to approve service nominations for commanders or 
     directors of military medical treatment facilities.''.
       (b) Combat Support Responsibilities.--Subsection (d)(2) of 
     such section is amended by adding at the end the following 
     new subparagraph:
       ``(C) Ensuring that the Defense Health Agency meets the 
     military personnel readiness requirements of the senior 
     military operational commanders of the military 
     installations.''.

     SEC. 712. ORGANIZATIONAL FRAMEWORK OF THE MILITARY HEALTHCARE 
                   SYSTEM TO SUPPORT MEDICAL REQUIREMENTS OF THE 
                   COMBATANT COMMANDS.

       (a) Organizational Framework Required.--The Secretary of 
     Defense shall, acting through the Director of the Defense 
     Health Agency, implement an organizational framework for the 
     military healthcare system that most effectively implements 
     chapter 55 of title 10, United States Code, in a manner that 
     maximizes interoperability and fully integrates medical 
     capabilities of the Armed Forces in order to enhance joint 
     military medical operations in support of requirements of the 
     combatant commands.
       (b) Implementation.--
       (1) Commencement.--Implementation of the organizational 
     framework required by subsection (a) shall commence not later 
     than October 1, 2018.
       (2) Phased implementation.--Implementation of the 
     organizational framework may occur in phases, as considered 
     appropriate by the Director.
       (3) Completion.--The organizational framework shall be 
     fully implemented by not later than October 1, 2020.
       (4) Compliance with certain requirements.--The 
     organizational framework, as implemented, shall comply with 
     all requirements of section 1073c of title 10, United States 
     Code, except for the October 1, 2018, implementation date 
     specified in such section.
       (c) Health-readiness Regions in CONUS Required.--The 
     organizational framework required by subsection (a) shall 
     meet the requirements as follows:
       (1) Health-readiness regions.--There shall be not more than 
     three health-readiness regions established in the continental 
     United States.
       (2) Leader.--Each region under paragraph (1) shall be led 
     by a commander or director who is a member of the Armed 
     Forces serving in a grade not higher than major general or 
     rear admiral and who shall be--
       (A) selected by the Director from among members of the 
     Armed Forces recommended by the military departments for 
     service in such position; and
       (B) under the authority, direction, and control of the 
     Director while serving in such position.
       (3) Regional hubs.--
       (A) In general.--Each region under paragraph (1) shall 
     include a major military medical center designated by the 
     Director to serve as the regional hub for the provision of 
     specialized medical services in such region.
       (B) Capabilities.--A major medical center may not be 
     designated as a regional hub unless the center--
       (i) includes one or more large graduate medical education 
     training platforms; and
       (ii) provides, at a minimum, role 4 medical care.
       (C) Location.--Any major medical center designated as a 
     regional hub of a region shall be geographically located so 
     as to maximize the support provided by uniformed medical 
     resources in the region to the combatant commands. In 
     designating major medical centers as a regional hub, the 
     Director shall give consideration to the collocation of such 
     centers with major aerial debarkation points of patients in 
     the medical evacuation system of the United States 
     Transportation Command.
       (D) Major health care delivery platform.--A major medical 
     center designated as a regional hub of a region shall serve 
     as the major health care delivery platform for the provision 
     of complex specialized medical care in the region, whether 
     through patient referrals from other military medical 
     treatment facilities in the region or through referrals from 
     other regions in the case of certain specialized medical 
     services (such as treatment for severe burns) which may only 
     be available at a military medical treatment facility within 
     the region.
       (4) Additional military medical centers.--Consistent with 
     section 1073d of title 10, United States Code, each region 
     under paragraph (1) may include one or more additional 
     military medical centers, whether established or maintained 
     by the Director for purposes of this section, in order to 
     serve locations in the region, if any, as follows:
       (A) Locations with large beneficiary populations.
       (B) Locations that serve as the primary readiness platforms 
     of the Armed Forces.
       (5) Patient referrals and coordination.--The Director shall 
     ensure effective and efficient medical care referrals and 
     coordination among military medical treatment facilities in 
     each region under paragraph (1), and among local or regional 
     high-performing health systems in the region, through local 
     or regional partnerships with institutional or individual 
     civilian providers.
       (d) Health-readiness Regions OCONUS Required.--The 
     organizational framework required by subsection (a) shall 
     meet the requirements as follows:
       (1) Health-readiness regions.--There shall be established 
     not more than two health-readiness regions outside the 
     continental United States--
       (A) to enhance joint military medical operations in support 
     of the requirements of the combatant commands in such region 
     or regions, with a specific focus on existing and future 
     contingency and operational plans;
       (B) to ensure the provision of high-quality healthcare 
     services to beneficiaries; and
       (C) to improve the interoperability of healthcare delivery 
     systems in regions (whether under this subsection, subsection 
     (c), or both).
       (2) Patient referrals and coordination.--The Director shall 
     ensure effective and efficient medical care referrals and 
     coordination among military medical treatment facilities in 
     any region under paragraph (1), and among local or regional 
     high-performing health systems in such region.
       (e) Planning and Coordination.--
       (1) Sustainment of clinical competencies and staffing.--The 
     Director shall--
       (A) provide in each health-readiness region under this 
     section healthcare delivery venues for uniformed medical and 
     dental personnel to obtain operational clinical competencies; 
     and
       (B) coordinate with the military departments to ensure that 
     staffing at military medical treatment facilities in each 
     region supports readiness requirements for members of the 
     Armed Forces and military medical personnel.
       (2) Oversight and allocation of resources.--
       (A) In general.--The Director shall, consistent with 
     section 193 of title 10, United States Code, coordinate with 
     the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, through the Joint 
     Staff Surgeon, to conduct oversight and direct resources to 
     support requirements related to readiness or operational 
     medicine support that are validated by the Joint Staff.
       (B) Supply and demand for medical services.--Based on 
     operational medical force readiness requirements of the 
     combatant commands validated by the Joint Staff, the Director 
     shall--
       (i) validate supply and demand requirements for medical and 
     dental services at each military medical treatment facility;
       (ii) in coordination with the operational medical force 
     readiness organizations required by subsection (f)(1), 
     provide currency workload for uniformed medical and dental 
     personnel at each facility to maintain skills proficiency; 
     and
       (iii) if workload is insufficient to meet requirements, 
     identify alternative training and clinical practice sites for 
     uniformed medical and dental personnel, and establish 
     military-civilian training partnerships, to provide such 
     workload.
       (f) Operational Medical Force Readiness Organizations of 
     the Armed Forces.--
       (1) Establishment.--Not later than October 1, 2019, the 
     Secretary of Defense shall, acting through the Secretary of 
     the military department concerned, establish in each military 
     department an operational medical force readiness 
     organization in accordance with this subsection.
       (2) Leader.--
       (A) In general.--Each operational medical force readiness 
     organization established under paragraph (1) shall be led by 
     the Surgeon General of an Armed Force.
       (B) Construction of duties.--The duties of a Surgeon 
     General under this paragraph as leader of an operational 
     medical force readiness organization are in addition to the 
     duties of such Surgeon General under section 3036, 5137, or 
     8036 of title 10, United States Code, as applicable.
       (3) Responsibilities.--The responsibilities of an 
     operational medical force readiness organization are limited 
     to the responsibilities as follows:
       (A) To recruit, organize, train, and equip uniformed 
     medical and dental personnel of the military department 
     concerned.

[[Page S4095]]

       (B) To assign uniformed medical and dental personnel of the 
     military department concerned to military medical treatment 
     facilities for training activities specific to such military 
     department and for operational and training missions, during 
     which assignment such personnel shall be under the 
     operational control of the commander or director of the 
     military medical treatment facility concerned, subject to the 
     authority, direction, and control of the Director.
       (C) To ensure the readiness for operational deployment of 
     medical and dental personnel and deployable medical or dental 
     teams or units of the Armed Force or Armed Forces concerned.
       (D) To provide logistical support for operational 
     deployment of medical and dental personnel and deployable 
     medical or dental teams or units of the Armed Force or Armed 
     Forces concerned.
       (E) To oversee the mobilization and demobilization in 
     connection with operational deployment of medical and dental 
     personnel of the Armed Force or Armed Forces concerned.
       (F) To carry out operational medical and dental force 
     development for the military department concerned.
       (G) In coordination with the Secretary concerned, to ensure 
     that the operational medical force readiness organizations of 
     the Armed Forces support the medical and dental readiness 
     responsibilities of the Director and the Secretary concerned.
       (4) Medical force requirements of combatant commands.--
       (A) In general.--Each operational medical force readiness 
     organization shall ensure that the uniformed medical and 
     dental personnel serving in the military department concerned 
     receive training and clinical practice opportunities 
     necessary to ensure that such personnel are capable of 
     meeting the operational medical force requirements of the 
     combatant commands applicable to such personnel. Such 
     training and practice opportunities shall be provided through 
     programs and activities of the Defense Health Agency and by 
     such other mechanisms as the Secretary shall designate for 
     purposes of this paragraph.
       (B) Requirements.--The commanders of the combatant commands 
     shall apprise operational medical force readiness 
     organizations of the operational medical force requirements 
     of the combatant commands through the Joint Staff.
       (5) No command authority.--An operational medical force 
     readiness organization established under paragraph (1) shall 
     have no command authority.
       (g) Disestablishment of Superseded Medical Organizations.--
       (1) In general.--Not later than the date on which the 
     Secretary of Defense establishes an operational medical force 
     readiness organization within a military department pursuant 
     to subsection (f), the Secretary of Defense shall, acting 
     through the Secretary of such military department concerned, 
     disestablish the following:
       (A) In the case of the Army, the Army Medical Command, and 
     any associated subordinate command or organization.
       (B) In the case of the Navy, the Bureau of Medicine and 
     Surgery of the Navy, and any associated subordinate command 
     or organization.
       (C) In the case of the Air Force, the Air Force Medical 
     Service, and any associated subordinate command or 
     organization.
       (2) Transfer of personnel authorizations.--Any personnel 
     authorization of a command or organization disestablished 
     pursuant to paragraph (1) as of the date of disestablishment 
     may be transferred by the Secretary to the Defense Health 
     Agency or any other organization of the Department of Defense 
     considered appropriate by the Secretary, including an 
     operational medical force readiness organization under 
     subsection (f).

     SEC. 713. STREAMLINING OF TRICARE PRIME BENEFICIARY REFERRAL 
                   PROCESS.

       (a) In General.--The Secretary of Defense shall streamline 
     the process under section 1095f of title 10, United States 
     Code, by which beneficiaries enrolled in TRICARE Prime are 
     referred to the civilian provider network for inpatient or 
     outpatient care under the TRICARE program.
       (b) Objectives.--In carrying out the requirement in 
     subsection (a), the Secretary shall meet the following 
     objectives:
       (1) The referral process shall model best industry 
     practices for referrals from primary care managers to 
     specialty care providers.
       (2) The process shall strictly limit administrative 
     requirements for enrolled beneficiaries, relying instead on 
     communications among providers and care coordinators to 
     arrange appointments within applicable access to care 
     scheduling time standards.
       (3) Beneficiary preferences for communications relating to 
     appointment referrals using state-of-the-art information 
     technology shall be used to expedite the process.
       (4) There shall be effective and efficient processes to 
     determine the availability of appointments at military 
     medical treatment facilities and, when unavailable, to make 
     prompt referrals to network providers under the TRICARE 
     program.
       (5) There shall be no right-of-first refusal requirement 
     under the process.
       (c) Deadline for Implementation.--The requirement in 
     subsection (a) shall be implemented for referrals under 
     TRICARE Prime in calendar year 2019.
       (d) Evaluation and Improvement.--After 2019, the Secretary 
     shall--
       (1) evaluate the process described in subsection (a) not 
     less often annually; and
       (2) make appropriate improvements to the process in light 
     of such evaluation.
       (e) Definitions.--In this section, the terms ``TRICARE 
     program'' and ``TRICARE Prime'' have the meaning given such 
     terms in section 1072 of title 10, United States Code.

     SEC. 714. SHARING OF INFORMATION WITH STATE PRESCRIPTION DRUG 
                   MONITORING PROGRAMS.

       (a) In General.--Section 1074g of title 10, United States 
     Code, is amended--
       (1) by redesignating subsections (g) and (h) as subsections 
     (h) and (i), respectively; and
       (2) by inserting after subsection (f) the following new 
     subsection (g):
       ``(g) Sharing of Information With State Prescription Drug 
     Monitoring Programs.--(1) The Secretary of Defense shall 
     establish and maintain a program (to be known as the 
     `Military Health System Prescription Drug Monitoring 
     Program') in accordance with this subsection. The program 
     shall include a special emphasis on drugs provided through 
     facilities of the uniformed services.
       ``(2) The program shall be--
       ``(A) comparable to prescription drug monitoring programs 
     operated by States, including such programs approved by the 
     Secretary of Health and Human Services under section 399O of 
     the Public Health Service Act (42 U.S.C. 280g-3); and
       ``(B) applicable to designated controlled substance 
     prescriptions under the pharmacy benefits program.
       ``(3)(A) The Secretary shall establish appropriate 
     procedures for the bi-directional sharing of patient-specific 
     information regarding prescriptions for designated controlled 
     substances between the program and State prescription drug 
     monitoring programs.
       ``(B) The purpose of sharing of information under this 
     paragraph shall be to prevent misuse and diversion of opioid 
     medications and other designated controlled substances.
       ``(C) Any disclosure of patient-specific information by the 
     Secretary under this paragraph is an authorized disclosure 
     for purposes of the health information privacy regulations 
     promulgated under the Health Insurance Portability and 
     Accountability Act of 1996 (Public Law 104-191).
       ``(4)(A) Any procedures developed pursuant to paragraph 
     (3)(A) shall include appropriate safeguards, as determined by 
     the Secretary, concerning cyber security of Department of 
     Defense systems and operational security of Department 
     personnel.
       ``(B) To the extent the Secretary considers appropriate, 
     the program may be treated as comparable to a State program 
     for purposes of bi-directional sharing of controlled 
     substance prescription information.
       ``(5) For purposes of this subsection, any reference to a 
     program operated by a State includes any program operated by 
     a county, municipality, or other subdivision within that 
     State.''.
       (b) Conforming Amendment.--Section 1079(q) of such title is 
     amended by striking ``section 1074g(g)'' and inserting 
     ``section 1074g(h)''.

     SEC. 715. IMPROVEMENT OF REIMBURSEMENT BY DEPARTMENT OF 
                   DEFENSE OF ENTITIES CARRYING OUT STATE 
                   VACCINATION PROGRAMS IN CONNECTION WITH 
                   VACCINES PROVIDED TO COVERED BENEFICIARIES 
                   UNDER THE TRICARE PROGRAM.

       Section 719(a) of the National Defense Authorization Act 
     for Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328; 10 U.S.C. 1074g 
     note) is amended--
       (1) in paragraph (1), by striking ``for the cost of 
     vaccines provided to covered beneficiaries through such 
     program''; and
       (2) in paragraph (2)--
       (A) in subparagraph (A), by striking ``to purchase vaccines 
     provided'' and inserting ``in making vaccines available'';
       (B) in subparagraph (B), by striking ``to provide 
     vaccines'' and all that follows through the period at the end 
     and inserting ``with respect to a State vaccination program 
     may not exceed the amount the Department would reimburse an 
     entity for making vaccines available to the number of covered 
     beneficiaries who reside in the State concerned.''; and
       (C) by adding at the end the following new subparagraph:
       ``(C) Inapplicability of limitation.--Subparagraph (B) 
     shall not apply to amounts assessed by entities that provide 
     independent verification that the assessments of such 
     entities are below the costs of the private sector in making 
     vaccines available.''.

                 Subtitle C--Reports and Other Matters

     SEC. 721. EXTENSION OF AUTHORITY FOR JOINT DEPARTMENT OF 
                   DEFENSE-DEPARTMENT OF VETERANS AFFAIRS MEDICAL 
                   FACILITY DEMONSTRATION FUND.

       Section 1704(e) of the National Defense Authorization Act 
     for Fiscal Year 2010 (Public Law 111-84; 123 Stat. 2573), as 
     amended by section 722 of the Carl Levin and Howard P. 
     ``Buck'' McKeon National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
     Year 2015 (Public Law 113-291), section 723 of the National 
     Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2016 (Public Law 
     114-92), section 741(a) of the National Defense Authorization 
     Act for Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328), and section 
     719 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 
     2018 (Public Law 115-91), is further amended by striking 
     ``September 30, 2019'' and inserting ``September 30, 2020''.

     SEC. 722. INCREASE IN NUMBER OF APPOINTED MEMBERS OF THE 
                   HENRY M. JACKSON FOUNDATION FOR THE ADVANCEMENT 
                   OF MILITARY MEDICINE.

       Section 178(c)(1)(C) of title 10, United States Code, is 
     amended by striking ``four members'' and inserting ``six 
     members''.

     SEC. 723. CESSATION OF REQUIREMENT FOR MENTAL HEALTH 
                   ASSESSMENT OF MEMBERS AFTER REDEPLOYMENT FROM A 
                   CONTINGENCY OPERATION UPON DISCHARGE OR RELEASE 
                   FROM THE ARMED FORCES.

       Section 1074m of title 10, United States Code, is amended--

[[Page S4096]]

       (1) in subsection (a)(1)(C), by striking ``Once'' and 
     inserting ``Subject to subsection (d), once''; and
       (2) in subsection (d), by striking ``subsection (a)(1)(D)'' 
     and inserting ``subparagraph (C) or (D) of subsection 
     (a)(1)''.

     SEC. 724. PILOT PROGRAM ON EARNING BY SPECIAL OPERATIONS 
                   FORCES MEDICS OF CREDITS TOWARDS A PHYSICIAN 
                   ASSISTANT DEGREE.

       (a) In General.--The Assistant Secretary of Defense for 
     Health Affairs shall conduct a pilot program to assess the 
     feasibility and advisability of partnerships between special 
     operations forces and institutions of higher education, and 
     health care systems if determined appropriate by the 
     Assistant Secretary for purposes of the pilot program, 
     through which special operations forces medics earn credit 
     toward the master's degree of physician assistant for 
     military operational work and training performed by the 
     medics.
       (b) Duration.--The Assistant Secretary shall conduct the 
     pilot program for a period not to exceed five years.
       (c) Clinical Training.--Partnerships under subsection (a) 
     shall permit medics participating in the pilot program to 
     conduct clinical training at medical facilities of the 
     Department of Defense and the civilian sector.
       (d) Evaluation.--The evaluation of work and training 
     performed by medics for which credits are earned under the 
     pilot program shall comply with civilian clinical evaluation 
     standards applicable to the awarding of master's degrees of 
     physician assistant.
       (e) Reports.--
       (1) Initial report.--Not later than 180 days after the date 
     of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall 
     submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and 
     the House of Representative a report that shall include the 
     following:
       (A) A comprehensive framework for the military education to 
     be provided to special operations forces medics under the 
     pilot program, including courses of instruction at 
     institutions of higher education and any health care systems 
     participating in the pilot program.
       (B) Metrics to be used to assess the effectiveness of the 
     pilot program.
       (C) A description of the mechanisms to be used by the 
     Department, medics, or both to cover the costs of education 
     received by medics under the pilot program through 
     institutions of higher education or health care systems, 
     including payment by the Department in return for a military 
     service commitment, tuition or other educational assistance 
     by the Department, use by medics of post-9/11 educational 
     assistance available through the Department of Veterans 
     Affairs, and any other mechanisms the Secretary considers 
     appropriate for purposes of the pilot program.
       (2) Final report.--Not later than 180 days after completion 
     of the pilot program, the Secretary shall submit to the 
     Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of 
     Representatives a final report on the pilot program. The 
     report shall include the following:
       (A) An evaluation of the pilot program using the metrics of 
     assessment set forth pursuant to paragraph (1)(B).
       (B) An assessment of the utility of the funding mechanisms 
     set forth pursuant to paragraph (1)(C).
       (C) An assessment of the effects of the pilot program on 
     recruitment and retention of medics for special operations 
     forces.
       (D) An assessment of the feasibility and advisability of 
     extending one or more authorities for joint professional 
     military education under chapter 107 of title 10, United 
     States Code, to warrant officers or enlisted personnel, and 
     if the Secretary considers the extension of any such 
     authorities feasible and advisable, recommendations for 
     legislative or administrative action to so extend such 
     authorities.
       (f) Construction of Authorities.--Nothing in this section 
     may be construed to--
       (1) authorize an officer or employee of the Federal 
     Government to create, endorse, or otherwise incentivize a 
     particular curriculum or degree track; or
       (2) require, direct, review, or control a State or 
     educational institution, or the instructional content, 
     curriculum, and related activities of a State or educational 
     institution.

     SEC. 725. PILOT PROGRAM ON PARTNERSHIPS WITH CIVILIAN 
                   ORGANIZATIONS FOR SPECIALIZED MEDICAL TRAINING.

       (a) In General.--The Secretary of Defense shall carry out a 
     pilot program to assess the feasibility and advisability of 
     establishing partnerships with public, private, and non-
     profit organizations and institutions to provide short-term 
     specialized medical training to advance the medical skills 
     and capabilities of military medical providers.
       (b) Duration.--The Secretary may carry out the pilot 
     program under subsection (a) for a period of not more than 
     three years.
       (c) Evaluation Metrics.--Before commencing the pilot 
     program under subsection (a), the Secretary shall establish 
     metrics to be used to evaluate the effectiveness of the pilot 
     program.
       (d) Reports.--
       (1) Initial report.--
       (A) In general.--Not later than 180 days before the 
     commencement of the pilot program under subsection (a), the 
     Secretary shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services of 
     the Senate and the House of Representatives a report on the 
     pilot program.
       (B) Elements.--The report required by subparagraph (A) 
     shall include a description of the pilot program, the 
     evaluation metrics established under subsection (c), and such 
     other matters relating to the pilot program as the Secretary 
     considers appropriate.
       (2) Final report.--
       (A) In general.--Not later than 180 days after the 
     completion of the pilot program under subsection (a), the 
     Secretary shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services of 
     the Senate and the House of Representatives a report on the 
     pilot program.
       (B) Elements.--The report required by subparagraph (A) 
     shall include the following:
       (i) A description of the pilot program, including the 
     partnerships established under the pilot program as described 
     in subsection (a).
       (ii) An assessment of the effectiveness of the pilot 
     program.
       (iii) Such recommendations for legislative or 
     administrative action as the Secretary considers appropriate 
     in light of the pilot program, including recommendations for 
     extending or making permanent the authority for the pilot 
     program.
       (e) Funding.--
       (1) In general.--The amount authorized to be appropriated 
     for fiscal year 2019 for the Department of Defense for the 
     Defense Health Program for education and training shall be 
     increased by $2,500,000.
       (2) Availability.--The amount of the increase of the 
     authorization under paragraph (1) shall be available to carry 
     out this section and shall remain available for obligation 
     until the completion of the pilot program under this section.

     SEC. 726. REGISTRY OF INDIVIDUALS EXPOSED TO PER- AND 
                   POLYFLUOROALKYL SUBSTANCES ON MILITARY 
                   INSTALLATIONS.

       (a) Establishment of Registry.--
       (1) In general.--Not later than one year after the date of 
     the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Veterans Affairs 
     shall--
       (A) establish and maintain a registry for eligible 
     individuals who may have been exposed to per- and 
     polyfluoroalkyl substances (in this section referred to as 
     ``PFAS'') due to the environmental release of aqueous film-
     forming foam (in this section referred to as ``AFFF'') on 
     military installations to meet the requirements of military 
     specification MIL-F-24385F;
       (B) include any information in such registry that the 
     Secretary of Veterans Affairs determines necessary to 
     ascertain and monitor the health effects of the exposure of 
     members of the Armed Forces to PFAS associated with AFFF;
       (C) develop a public information campaign to inform 
     eligible individuals about the registry, including how to 
     register and the benefits of registering; and
       (D) periodically notify eligible individuals of significant 
     developments in the study and treatment of conditions 
     associated with exposure to PFAS.
       (2) Coordination.--The Secretary of Veterans Affairs shall 
     coordinate with the Secretary of Defense in carrying out 
     paragraph (1).
       (b) Reports.--
       (1) Initial report.--Not later than two years after the 
     date on which the registry under subsection (a) is 
     established, the Secretary of Veterans Affairs shall submit 
     to Congress an initial report containing the following:
       (A) An assessment of the effectiveness of actions taken by 
     the Secretary of Veterans Affairs and the Secretary of 
     Defense to collect and maintain information on the health 
     effects of exposure to PFAS.
       (B) Recommendations to improve the collection and 
     maintenance of such information.
       (C) Using established and previously published 
     epidemiological studies, recommendations regarding the most 
     effective and prudent means of addressing the medical needs 
     of eligible individuals with respect to exposure to PFAS.
       (2) Follow-up report.--Not later than five years after 
     submitting the initial report under paragraph (1), the 
     Secretary of Veterans Affairs shall submit to Congress a 
     follow-up report containing the following:
       (A) An update to the initial report submitted under 
     paragraph (1).
       (B) An assessment of whether and to what degree the content 
     of the registry established under subsection (a) is current 
     and scientifically up-to-date.
       (3) Independent scientific organization.--The Secretary of 
     Veterans Affairs shall enter into an agreement with an 
     independent scientific organization to prepare the reports 
     under paragraphs (1) and (2).
       (c) Recommendations for Additional Exposures to Be 
     Included.--Not later than five years after the date of the 
     enactment of this Act, and every five years thereafter, the 
     Secretary of Veterans Affairs, in consultation with the 
     Secretary of Defense and the Administrator of the 
     Environmental Protection Agency, shall submit to Congress 
     recommendations for additional chemicals with respect to 
     which individuals exposed to such chemicals should be 
     included in the registry established under subsection (a).
       (d) Eligible Individual Defined.--In this section, the term 
     ``eligible individual'' means any individual who, on or after 
     a date specified by the Secretary of Veterans Affairs through 
     regulations, served or is serving in the Armed Forces at a 
     military installation where AFFF was used or at another 
     location of the Department of Defense where AFFF was used.

     SEC. 727. INCLUSION OF GAMBLING DISORDER IN HEALTH 
                   ASSESSMENTS FOR MEMBERS OF THE ARMED FORCES AND 
                   RELATED RESEARCH EFFORTS.

       (a) Annual Periodic Health Assessment.--The Secretary of 
     Defense shall incorporate medical screening questions 
     specific to gambling disorder into the Annual Periodic Health 
     Assessment conducted by the Department of Defense for members 
     of the Armed Forces.
       (b) Research Efforts.--The Secretary shall incorporate into 
     ongoing research efforts of the Department questions on 
     gambling disorder, as appropriate, including by restoring 
     such questions into the Health Related Behaviors Survey

[[Page S4097]]

     of Active Duty Military Personnel and the Health Related 
     Behaviors Survey of Reserve Component Personnel.
       (c) Report.--Not later than two years after the date of the 
     enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall submit to the 
     congressional defense committees a report on efforts 
     undertaken pursuant to subsections (a) and (b) and the 
     findings of the assessments and surveys described in those 
     subsections with respect to the prevalence of gambling 
     disorder among members of the Armed Forces.

     SEC. 728. COMPTROLLER GENERAL REVIEW OF DEFENSE HEALTH AGENCY 
                   OVERSIGHT OF TRICARE MANAGED CARE SUPPORT 
                   CONTRACTORS.

       (a) Review.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
     enactment of this Act, the Comptroller General of the United 
     States shall submit to the congressional defense committees a 
     review of the oversight conducted by the Defense Health 
     Agency with respect to the transition of managed care support 
     contractors for the TRICARE program.
       (b) Matters Included.--The review conducted under 
     subsection (a) shall include the following:
       (1) The extent to which the Defense Health Agency provided 
     guidance and oversight to the outgoing and incoming managed 
     care support contractors during the transition period prior 
     to the start of health care delivery.
       (2) The extent to which there were any issues with health 
     care delivery, and if so--
       (A) the effect, if any, of the guidance and oversight by 
     the Defense Health Agency during the transition period on 
     those issues; and
       (B) the solutions of the Defense Health Agency for 
     remediating any deficiencies of managed care support 
     contractors.
       (3) The extent to which the Defense Health Agency has 
     reviewed any lessons learned from prior transitions and 
     incorporated those lessons into the current transition.
       (c) Ongoing Requirement.--The Comptroller General shall 
     review any transition of managed care support contractors for 
     the TRICARE program occurring after the date of the review 
     under subsection (a) and submit to the congressional defense 
     committees a similar review for each such transition.
       (d) TRICARE Program Defined.--In this section, the term 
     ``TRICARE program'' has the meaning given that term in 
     section 1072 of title 10, United States Code.

  TITLE VIII--ACQUISITION POLICY, ACQUISITION MANAGEMENT, AND RELATED 
                                MATTERS

             Subtitle A--Acquisition Policy and Management

     SEC. 801. PERMANENT SUPPLY CHAIN RISK MANAGEMENT AUTHORITY.

       (a) Permanent Extension of Authority.--
       (1) In general.--Chapter 137 of title 10, United States 
     Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new 
     section:

     ``Sec. 2339a. Requirements for information relating to supply 
       chain risk

       ``(a) Authority.--Subject to subsection (b), the head of a 
     covered agency may--
       ``(1) carry out a covered procurement action; and
       ``(2) limit, notwithstanding any other provision of law, in 
     whole or in part, the disclosure of information relating to 
     the basis for carrying out a covered procurement action.
       ``(b) Determination and Notification.--The head of a 
     covered agency may exercise the authority provided in 
     subsection (a) only after--
       ``(1) obtaining a joint recommendation by the Under 
     Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment and the 
     Chief Information Officer of the Department of Defense, on 
     the basis of a risk assessment by the Under Secretary of 
     Defense for Intelligence, that there is a significant supply 
     chain risk to a covered system;
       ``(2) making a determination in writing, in unclassified or 
     classified form, with the concurrence of the Under Secretary 
     of Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment, that--
       ``(A) use of the authority in subsection (a)(1) is 
     necessary to protect national security by reducing supply 
     chain risk;
       ``(B) less intrusive measures are not reasonably available 
     to reduce such supply chain risk; and
       ``(C) in a case where the head of the covered agency plans 
     to limit disclosure of information under subsection (a)(2), 
     the risk to national security due to the disclosure of such 
     information outweighs the risk due to not disclosing such 
     information; and
       ``(3) providing a classified or unclassified notice of the 
     determination made under paragraph (2) to the appropriate 
     congressional committees, which notice shall include--
       ``(A) the information required by section 2304(f)(3) of 
     this title;
       ``(B) the joint recommendation by the Under Secretary of 
     Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment and the Chief 
     Information Officer of the Department of Defense as specified 
     in paragraph (1);
       ``(C) a summary of the risk assessment by the Under 
     Secretary of Defense for Intelligence that serves as the 
     basis for the joint recommendation specified in paragraph 
     (1); and
       ``(D) a summary of the basis for the determination, 
     including a discussion of less intrusive measures that were 
     considered and why they were not reasonably available to 
     reduce supply chain risk.
       ``(c) Delegation.--The head of a covered agency may not 
     delegate the authority provided in subsection (a) or the 
     responsibility to make a determination under subsection (b) 
     to an official below the level of the service acquisition 
     executive for the agency concerned.
       ``(d) Limitation on Disclosure.--If the head of a covered 
     agency has exercised the authority provided in subsection 
     (a)(2) to limit disclosure of information--
       ``(1) no action undertaken by the agency head under such 
     authority shall be subject to review in a bid protest before 
     the Government Accountability Office or in any Federal court; 
     and
       ``(2) the agency head shall--
       ``(A) notify appropriate parties of a covered procurement 
     action and the basis for such action only to the extent 
     necessary to effectuate the covered procurement action;
       ``(B) notify other Department of Defense components or 
     other Federal agencies responsible for procurements that may 
     be subject to the same or similar supply chain risk, in a 
     manner and to the extent consistent with the requirements of 
     national security; and
       ``(C) ensure the confidentiality of any such notifications.
       ``(e) Definitions.--In this section:
       ``(1) Head of a covered agency.--The term `head of a 
     covered agency' means each of the following:
       ``(A) The Secretary of Defense.
       ``(B) The Secretary of the Army.
       ``(C) The Secretary of the Navy.
       ``(D) The Secretary of the Air Force.
       ``(2) Covered procurement action.--The term `covered 
     procurement action' means any of the following actions, if 
     the action takes place in the course of conducting a covered 
     procurement:
       ``(A) The exclusion of a source that fails to meet 
     qualification standards established in accordance with the 
     requirements of section 2319 of this title for the purpose of 
     reducing supply chain risk in the acquisition of covered 
     systems.
       ``(B) The exclusion of a source that fails to achieve an 
     acceptable rating with regard to an evaluation factor 
     providing for the consideration of supply chain risk in the 
     evaluation of proposals for the award of a contract or the 
     issuance of a task or delivery order.
       ``(C) The decision to withhold consent for a contractor to 
     subcontract with a particular source or to direct a 
     contractor for a covered system to exclude a particular 
     source from consideration for a subcontract under the 
     contract.
       ``(3) Covered procurement.--The term `covered procurement' 
     means--
       ``(A) a source selection for a covered system or a covered 
     item of supply involving either a performance specification, 
     as provided in section 2305(a)(1)(C)(ii) of this title, or an 
     evaluation factor, as provided in section 2305(a)(2)(A) of 
     this title, relating to supply chain risk;
       ``(B) the consideration of proposals for and issuance of a 
     task or delivery order for a covered system or a covered item 
     of supply, as provided in section 2304c(d)(3) of this title, 
     where the task or delivery order contract concerned includes 
     a contract clause establishing a requirement relating to 
     supply chain risk; or
       ``(C) any contract action involving a contract for a 
     covered system or a covered item of supply where such 
     contract includes a clause establishing requirements relating 
     to supply chain risk.
       ``(4) Supply chain risk.--The term `supply chain risk' 
     means the risk that an adversary may sabotage, maliciously 
     introduce unwanted function, or otherwise subvert the design, 
     integrity, manufacturing, production, distribution, 
     installation, operation, or maintenance of a covered system 
     so as to surveil, deny, disrupt, or otherwise degrade the 
     function, use, or operation of such system.
       ``(5) Covered system.--The term `covered system' means a 
     national security system, as that term is defined in section 
     3542(b) of title 44.
       ``(6) Covered item of supply.--The term `covered item of 
     supply' means an item of information technology (as that term 
     is defined in section 11101 of title 40) that is purchased 
     for inclusion in a covered system, and the loss of integrity 
     of which could result in a supply chain risk for a covered 
     system.
       ``(7) Appropriate congressional committees.--The term 
     `appropriate congressional committees' means--
       ``(A) in the case of a covered system included in the 
     National Intelligence Program or the Military Intelligence 
     Program, the Select Committee on Intelligence of the Senate, 
     the Permanent Select Committee on Intelligence of the House 
     of Representatives, and the congressional defense committees; 
     and
       ``(B) in the case of a covered system not otherwise 
     included in subparagraph (A), the congressional defense 
     committees.''.
       (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at the 
     beginning of such chapter is amended by inserting after the 
     item relating to section 2339 the following new item:

``2339a. Requirements for information relating to supply chain risk.''.
       (b) Repeal of Obsolete Authority.--Section 806(g) of the 
     Ike Skelton National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
     Year 2011 (Public Law 111-383; 10 U.S.C. 2304 note) is hereby 
     repealed.

     SEC. 802. COMMERCIALLY AVAILABLE MARKET RESEARCH.

       (a) In General.--Subsection (e) of section 2431a of title 
     10, United States code, is amended by adding at the end the 
     following new paragraph:
       ``(10) The term `market research' includes--
       ``(A) government market research directly with prospective 
     vendors, including--
       ``(i) contacting knowledgeable individuals in government 
     and industry regarding market capabilities to meet 
     requirements;
       ``(ii) reviewing the results of recent market research 
     undertaken to meet similar or identical requirements;
       ``(iii) publishing formal requests for information in 
     appropriate technical or scientific journals or business 
     publications;
       ``(iv) querying the governmentwide database of contracts 
     and other procurement instruments intended for use by 
     multiple agencies;
       ``(v) participating in interactive, on-line communication 
     among industry, acquisition personnel, and customers;

[[Page S4098]]

       ``(vi) obtaining source lists of similar items from other 
     contracting activities or agencies, trade associations, or 
     other sources;
       ``(vii) reviewing catalogs and other generally available 
     product literature published by manufacturers, distributors, 
     and dealers or available online;
       ``(viii) conducting interchange meetings or holding 
     presolicitation conferences to involve potential offerors 
     early in the acquisition process; and
       ``(ix) ensuring that any conflicts of interest presented by 
     vendors providing government capability statements are both 
     disclosed and mitigated; and
       ``(B) commercially available third-party market 
     research.''.
       (b) Review.--Not later than 120 days after the date of the 
     enactment of this Act, the Under Secretary of Defense for 
     Acquisition and Sustainment, in consultation with the Under 
     Secretary of Defense for Research and Engineering, shall 
     review the guidance of the Department of Defense with regard 
     to those portions of the Federal Acquisition Regulation 
     regarding commercially available market research, including 
     sections 10.001(a)(2)(vi) and 10.002(b). The review shall, at 
     a minimum--
       (1) assess the impact that conducting market research has 
     on the Department's resources; and
       (2) ensure that commercially available market research is 
     considered among other sources of research, as appropriate, 
     and reviewed prior to developing new requirements documents 
     for an acquisition by the Department.

     SEC. 803. COMPTROLLER GENERAL ASSESSMENT OF ACQUISITION 
                   PROGRAMS AND RELATED INITIATIVES.

       (a) In General.--Chapter 131 of title 10, United States 
     Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new 
     section:

     ``Sec. 2229b. Comptroller General assessment on acquisition 
       programs and initiatives

       ``(a)  Assessment Required.--The Comptroller General of the 
     United States shall submit to the congressional defense 
     committees an annual assessment of selected acquisition 
     programs and initiatives of the Department of Defense by 
     March 30th of each year, beginning in 2020.
       ``(b) Analyses To Be Included.--The assessment required 
     under subsection (a) shall include--
       ``(1) a macro analysis of how well acquisition programs and 
     initiatives are performing and reasons for that performance;
       ``(2) a summary of organizational and legislative changes 
     and emerging assessment methodologies since the last 
     assessment, and a discussion of the implications for 
     execution and oversight of programs and initiatives; and
       ``(3) specific analyses of individual acquisition programs 
     and initiatives.
       ``(c) Acquisition Programs and Initiatives to Be 
     Considered.--The assessment required under subsection (a) 
     shall consider the following programs and initiatives:
       ``(1) Selected weapon systems, as determined appropriate by 
     the Comptroller General.
       ``(2) Selected information technology systems and 
     initiatives, including defense business systems, networks, 
     and software-intensive systems, as determined appropriate by 
     the Comptroller General.
       ``(3) Selected prototyping and rapid fielding activities 
     and initiatives, as determined appropriate by the Comptroller 
     General.''.
       (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the 
     beginning of such chapter is amended by inserting after the 
     item relating to section 2229a the following new item:

``2229b. Comptroller General assessment on acquisition programs and 
              related initiatives.''.
       (c) Repeal of Superseded Authority.--Section 883(d) of the 
     National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2016 
     (Public Law 114-92; 10 U.S.C. 2222 note) is amended by 
     striking paragraph (1).

Subtitle B--Amendments to General Contracting Authorities, Procedures, 
                            and Limitations

     SEC. 811. DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE CONTRACTING DISPUTE MATTERS.

       (a) In General.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
     enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall carry 
     out a study of the frequency and effects of bid protests 
     involving the same contract award or proposed award that have 
     been filed at both the Government Accountability Office and 
     the United States Court of Federal Claims. The study shall 
     cover Department of Defense contracts and include, at a 
     minimum--
       (1) the number of protests that have been filed with both 
     tribunals and results;
       (2) the number of such protests where the tribunals 
     differed in denying or sustaining the action;
       (3) the length of time, in average time and median time--
       (A) from initial filing at the Government Accountability 
     Office to decision in the United States Court of Federal 
     Claims;
       (B) from filing with each tribunal to decision by such 
     tribunal;
       (C) from the time at which the basis of the protest is 
     known to the time of filing in each tribunal; and
       (D) in the case of an appeal from a decision of the United 
     States Court of Federal Claims, from the date of the initial 
     filing of the appeal to decision in the appeal;
       (4) the number of protests where performance was stayed or 
     enjoined and for how long;
       (5) if performance was stayed or enjoined, whether the 
     requirement was obtained in the interim through another 
     vehicle or in-house, or whether during the period of the stay 
     or enjoining the requirement went unfulfilled;
       (6) separately for each tribunal, the number of protests 
     where performance was stayed or enjoined and monetary damages 
     were awarded, which shall include for how long performance 
     was stayed or enjoined and the amount of monetary damages;
       (7) whether the protestor was a large or small business; 
     and
       (8) whether the protestor was the incumbent in a prior 
     contract for the same or similar product or service.
       (b) Report.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
     enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit 
     to the congressional defense committees, the Committee on the 
     Judiciary of the Senate, and the Committee on the Judiciary 
     of the House of Representatives a report on the results of 
     the study, along with related recommendations for improving 
     the expediency of the bid protest process. In preparing the 
     report, the Secretary shall consult with the Attorney General 
     of the United States, the Comptroller General of the United 
     States, and the United States Court of Federal Claims.
       (c) Ongoing Data Collection.--Not later than 270 days after 
     the date of enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense 
     shall establish and continuously maintain a data repository 
     to collect on an ongoing basis the information described in 
     subsection (a) and any additional relevant bid protest data 
     the Secretary determines necessary and appropriate to allow 
     the Department of Defense, the Government Accountability 
     Office, and the United States Court of Federal Claims to 
     assess and review bid protests over time.
       (d) Establishment of Expedited Process for Small Value 
     Contracts.--
       (1) In general.--Not later than December 1, 2019, the 
     Secretary of Defense shall develop a plan and schedule for an 
     expedited bid protest process for Department of Defense 
     contracts with a value of less than $100,000.
       (2) Consultation.--In carrying out paragraph (1), the 
     Secretary of Defense may consult with the Government 
     Accountability Office and the United States Court of Federal 
     Claims to the extent such entities may establish a similar 
     process at their election.
       (3) Report.--Not later than May 1, 2019, the Secretary of 
     Defense shall submit to the congressional defense committees 
     a report on the plan and schedule for implementation of the 
     expedited bid protest process, which shall include a request 
     for any additional authorities the Secretary determines 
     appropriate for such efforts.

     SEC. 812. CONTINUATION OF TECHNICAL DATA RIGHTS DURING 
                   CHALLENGES.

       (a) Exercise of Rights in Technical Data Before Final 
     Disposition of a Challenge.--Section 2321(i) of title 10, 
     United States Code, is amended--
       (1) in the subsection heading, by inserting ``Prior to 
     and'' after ``Rights and Liability'';
       (2) by redesignating paragraphs (1) and (2) as paragraphs 
     (3) and (4), respectively; and
       (3) by inserting before paragraph (3), as so redesignated, 
     the following new paragraphs:
       ``(1) Upon issuance of a challenge to a use or release 
     restriction asserted by a contractor or subcontractor under 
     the contract made pursuant to subsection (d) or made under 
     procedures established by the Department of Defense for 
     challenges to asserted use or release restrictions in 
     connection with noncommercial computer software, and until 
     final disposition of such a challenge, the Department of 
     Defense may exercise rights in the technical data or 
     noncommercial computer software rights consistent with the 
     grounds identified in the challenge pursuant to subsection 
     (d)(3), (or the grounds identified under corresponding 
     Department of Defense procedures in the case of noncommercial 
     computer software) in order to meet Department of Defense 
     mission requirements.
       ``(2) In the event that the challenge made by the 
     government is not sustained upon final disposition, the 
     contractor or subcontractor shall have only a right to 
     damages against the United States if the United States was 
     found to have not acted in good faith and as otherwise 
     provided by law arising from the exercise of rights described 
     in paragraph (1) during the time period described in such 
     paragraph.''.
       (b) Revision of the Defense Federal Acquisition Regulation 
     Supplement.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
     enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall revise 
     the Defense Federal Acquisition Regulation Supplement, by 
     interim or final rule, to implement the amendments made by 
     subsection (a).
       (c) Effective Date.--The amendments made by subsection (a) 
     and the revision required by subsection (b) shall become 
     effective on the date of publication of the interim or final 
     rule (whichever is earlier) required by subsection (b) and 
     shall apply to solicitations issued by Department of Defense 
     contracting activities after that date unless the senior 
     procurement executive of the agency concerned grants a waiver 
     on a case-by-case basis.
       (d) Guidance on Technical Data Right Negotiation.--The 
     Secretary of Defense shall develop policies on the 
     negotiation of technical data rights for noncommercial 
     software that reflects the Department of Defense's needs for 
     technical data rights in the event of a protest or 
     replacement of incumbent contractor to meet defense 
     requirements in the most cost effective manner.

     SEC. 813. INCREASED MICRO-PURCHASE THRESHOLD.

       (a) In General.--Section 2338 of title 10, United States 
     Code, is amended by striking ``Notwithstanding subsection (a) 
     of section 1902 of title 41, the micro-purchase threshold for 
     the Department of Defense for purposes of such section is 
     $5,000'' and inserting ``The micro-purchase threshold for the 
     Department of Defense is $10,000''.
       (b) Conforming Amendment.--Section 1902(a)(1) of title 41, 
     United States Code, is amended by striking ``sections 2338 
     and 2339 of title 10 and''.

[[Page S4099]]

       (c) Repeal of Obsolete Authority.--
       (1) In general.--Section 2339 of title 10, United States 
     Code, is repealed.
       (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at the 
     beginning of chapter 137 of title 10, United States Code, is 
     amended by striking the item relating to section 2339.

     SEC. 814. MODIFICATION OF LIMITATIONS ON SINGLE SOURCE TASK 
                   OR DELIVERY ORDER CONTRACTS.

       Section 2304a(d)(3)(A) of title 10, United States Code, is 
     amended by striking ``reasonably perform the work'' and 
     inserting ``efficiently perform the work''.

     SEC. 815. PRELIMINARY COST ANALYSIS REQUIREMENT FOR EXERCISE 
                   OF MULTIYEAR CONTRACT AUTHORITY.

       Section 2306b(i)(2)(B) of title 10, United States Code, is 
     amended--
       (1) by striking ``made after the completion of a cost 
     analysis'' and inserting ``supported by a preliminary cost 
     analysis''; and
       (2) by striking ``for the purpose of section 2334(e)(1) of 
     this title, and that the analysis supports those preliminary 
     findings''.

     SEC. 816. INCLUSION OF BEST AVAILABLE INFORMATION REGARDING 
                   PAST PERFORMANCE OF SUBCONTRACTORS AND JOINT 
                   VENTURE PARTNERS.

       (a) Requirements for Performance of Subcontractors and 
     Joint Venture Partners.--Not later than 180 days after the 
     date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense, 
     in consultation with the Federal Acquisition Regulatory 
     Council and the Administrator for Federal Procurement Policy, 
     shall develop policies for the Department of Defense to 
     ensure the best information regarding past performance of 
     certain subcontractors and joint venture partners is 
     available when awarding Department of Defense contracts. The 
     policies shall include proposed revisions to the Defense 
     Federal Acquisition Regulation Supplement as follows:
       (1) Required performance evaluations, as part of a 
     government-wide evaluation reporting tool, for first-tier 
     subcontractors performing a portion of the contract valued at 
     not less than 20 percent of the value of the prime contract, 
     provided--
       (A) the information included in rating the subcontractor is 
     not inconsistent with the information included in the rating 
     for the prime contractor;
       (B) the subcontractor evaluation is conducted consistent 
     with the provisions of section 42.15 of the Federal 
     Acquisition Regulation;
       (C) negative evaluations of a subcontractor in no way 
     obviate the prime contractor's responsibility for successful 
     completion of the contract and management of its 
     subcontractors; and
       (D) that in the judgment of the contracting officer, the 
     overall execution of the work is impacted by the performance 
     of the subcontractor or subcontractors.
       (2) Required performance evaluations, as part of a 
     government-wide evaluation reporting tool, of individual 
     partners of joint venture-awarded, to ensure that past 
     performance on joint venture projects is considered in future 
     awards to individual joint venture partners, provided--
       (A) at a minimum, the rating for joint ventures includes an 
     identification that allows the evaluation to be retrieved for 
     each partner of the joint venture;
       (B) each partner, through the joint venture, is given the 
     same opportunity to submit comments, rebutting statements, or 
     additional information, consistent with the provisions of 
     section 42.15 of the Federal Acquisition Regulation; and
       (C) the rating clearly identifies the responsibilities of 
     joint venture partners for discrete elements of the work 
     where the partners are not jointly and severally responsible 
     for the project.
       (3) Processes to request exceptions from the annual 
     evaluation requirement under section 42.1502(a) of the 
     Federal Acquisition Regulation where submission of the annual 
     evaluations would not provide the best representation of the 
     performance of a contractor, including subcontractors and 
     joint venture partners, including--
       (A) where no severable element of the work has been 
     completed;
       (B) where the contracting officer determines that--
       (i) an insubstantial portion of the contract work has been 
     completed in the preceding year; and
       (ii) the lack of performance is at non-fault to the 
     contractor; or
       (C) where the contracting officer determines that there is 
     an issue in dispute which, until resolved, would likely cause 
     the annual rating to inaccurately reflect the past 
     performance of the contractor.
       (b) Report on Contractor Performance Appeals.--Not later 
     than 180 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, 
     the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the defense 
     committees a report on contractor and subcontractor past 
     performance evaluations and appeals, including--
       (1) data on the number of performance evaluation appeals 
     filed by contractors and subcontractors within the previous 
     five years;
       (2) the frequency that an appeal was successful and the 
     performance evaluation was changed favorably for the 
     contractor;
       (3) the time it takes for an appeal to make its way through 
     the process from filing to adjudication; and
       (4) what impact the appeals process has on the tracking of 
     information in the performance database system and 
     consideration of contractor and subcontractor performance on 
     future contracts.
       (c) Agency Progress on Performance Evaluations.--Not later 
     than 180 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, 
     the Secretary of Defense shall develop a scorecard that 
     compares the timeliness, completeness, and accuracy of 
     contractor performance evaluations among the Department's 
     components. This scorecard shall be reported annually to 
     Congress and made publicly available not later than December 
     31 for the prior fiscal year until 2024.
       (d) Congressional Access to Performance Data.--
       (1) In general.--At the written request of a Chairman or 
     Ranking Member of one of the appropriate congressional 
     committees, the Secretary of Defense shall make all 
     contractor performance evaluations available through 
     electronic access to data systems or in another manner 
     specified by the request for designated staff members of the 
     appropriate congressional committees.
       (2) Appropriate congressional committees.--In this 
     subsection, the term ``appropriate congressional committees'' 
     means--
       (A) the congressional defense committees;
       (B) the Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental 
     Affairs of the Senate; and
       (C) the Committee on Oversight and Government Reform of the 
     House of Representatives.

     SEC. 817. MODIFICATION OF CRITERIA FOR WAIVERS OF REQUIREMENT 
                   FOR CERTIFIED COST AND PRICE DATA.

       Section 817(b)(2) of the Bob Stump National Defense 
     Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2003 (Public Law 107-314; 
     10 U.S.C. 2306a note) is amended by striking ``; and'' and 
     inserting ``; or''.

     SEC. 818. SUBCONTRACTING PRICE AND APPROVED PURCHASING 
                   SYSTEMS.

       (a) Amendment.--Section 893 of the Ike Skelton National 
     Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2011 (Public Law 
     111-383; 10 U.S.C. 2302 note) is amended--
       (1) in subsection (g), by adding at the end the following 
     new paragraph:
       ``(5) The term `approved purchasing system' has the meaning 
     given the term in section 44.101 of the Federal Acquisition 
     Regulation (or any similar regulation).''; and
       (2) by adding at the end the following new subsection:
       ``(i) Consent to Subcontract.--If the contractor on a 
     Department of Defense contract requiring a contracting 
     officer's written consent prior to the contractor entering 
     into a subcontract has an approved purchasing system, the 
     contracting officer may not withhold such consent without the 
     written approval of the program manager.''.
       (b) Conforming Regulations.--Not later than 120 days after 
     the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of 
     Defense shall revise the Defense Federal Acquisition 
     Regulation Supplement to conform with the amendments to 
     section 893 of the Ike Skelton National Defense Authorization 
     Act for Fiscal Year 2011 (Public Law 111-383; 10 U.S.C. 2302 
     note) made by this section.

     SEC. 819. COMPTROLLER GENERAL OF THE UNITED STATES REPORT ON 
                   PROGRESS PAYMENT FINANCING OF DEPARTMENT OF 
                   DEFENSE CONTRACTS.

       (a) Report Required.--Not later than 180 days after the 
     date of the enactment of this Act, the Comptroller General of 
     the United States shall submit to the congressional defense 
     committees a report on the results of an analysis, conducted 
     by the Comptroller General, of the effects of current 
     financing levels of Department of Defense contracts on 
     contractors of the Department and the budgets of the 
     Department.
       (b) Elements.--
       (1) In general.--The report required by subsection (a) 
     shall include an analysis and assessment of the impact of the 
     matters specified in paragraph (2), for both government and 
     business, on--
       (A) the relationship between financing amounts and 
     contractor profit; and
       (B) the willingness of contractors to pursue contracts with 
     the Department.
       (2) Covered matters.--The matters specified in this 
     paragraph are each of the following under Department 
     contracts:
       (A) Past changes to progress payment rates and conditions.
       (B) Progress payment rates and limitations on progressing 
     for undefinitized contract actions.

     SEC. 820. AUTHORIZATION TO LIMIT FOREIGN ACCESS TO TECHNOLOGY 
                   THROUGH CONTRACTS.

       The Under Secretary of Defense for Research and 
     Engineering, or a designee of the Under Secretary, may 
     include in the terms of any contract that the Under Secretary 
     enters into a provision that--
       (1) limits access by select persons or organizations to 
     technology that is the subject of the contract under terms 
     defined by the Under Secretary, including by limiting such 
     access to specific periods of time; and
       (2) if the person or organization violates the requirement 
     described in paragraph (1), the Under Secretary may require 
     the person or organization to forfeit intellectual property 
     rights associated with the contract.

     SEC. 821. BRIEFING REQUIREMENT ON SERVICES CONTRACTS.

       Not later than 180 days after the date of the enactment of 
     this Act, and every 180 days thereafter until the 
     requirements of section 2329(b) of title 10, United States 
     Code, are met, the Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition 
     and Sustainment shall brief the congressional defense 
     committees on the progress of Department of Defense efforts 
     to meet the requirements of such section, including relevant 
     information on the methodology and implementation plans for 
     future compliance.

     SEC. 822. SENSE OF CONGRESS ON AWARDING OF CONTRACTS TO 
                   RESPONSIBLE COMPANIES THAT PRIMARILY EMPLOY 
                   AMERICAN WORKERS AND DO NOT ACTIVELY TRANSFER 
                   AMERICAN JOBS TO POTENTIAL ADVERSARIES.

       It is the sense of Congress that the Department of Defense 
     should award contracts to responsible companies that 
     primarily employ

[[Page S4100]]

     United States workers or are partners in the national 
     technology and industrial base and do not actively transfer 
     United States jobs to potential adversaries.

 Subtitle C--Provisions Relating to Major Defense Acquisition Programs

     SEC. 831. PROGRAM COST, FIELDING, AND PERFORMANCE GOALS IN 
                   PLANNING MAJOR ACQUISITION PROGRAMS.

       Section 2448a of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
       (1) in subsection (a)--
       (A) by striking ``Secretary of Defense'' and inserting 
     ``designated milestone decision authority for the major 
     defense acquisition program''; and
       (B) by striking ``the milestone decision authority for the 
     major defense acquisition program approves a program that'' 
     and inserting ``the program''; and
       (2) by striking subsection (b).

     SEC. 832. IMPLEMENTATION OF RECOMMENDATIONS OF THE 
                   INDEPENDENT STUDY ON CONSIDERATION OF 
                   SUSTAINMENT IN WEAPONS SYSTEMS LIFE CYCLE.

       (a) Implementation Required.--Not later than 18 months 
     after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of 
     Defense shall, except as provided under subsection (b), 
     commence implementation of each recommendation submitted as 
     part of the independent assessment produced under section 844 
     of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 
     2017 (Public Law 114-328; 130 Stat. 2290).
       (b) Exceptions.--
       (1) Delayed implementation.--The Secretary of Defense may 
     commence implementation of a recommendation described under 
     subsection (a) later than the date required under such 
     subsection if the Secretary provides the congressional 
     defense committees with a specific justification for the 
     delay in implementation of such recommendation.
       (2) Nonimplementation.--The Secretary of Defense may opt 
     not to implement a recommendation described under subsection 
     (a) if the Secretary provides to the congressional defense 
     committees--
       (A) the reasons for the decision not to implement the 
     recommendation; and
       (B) a summary of the alternative actions the Secretary 
     plans to take to address the purposes underlying the 
     recommendation.
       (c) Implementation Plans.--For each recommendation that the 
     Secretary is implementing, or that the Secretary plans to 
     implement, the Secretary shall submit to the congressional 
     defense committees--
       (1) a summary of actions that have been taken to implement 
     the recommendation; and
       (2) a schedule, with specific milestones, for completing 
     the implementation of the recommendation.

     SEC. 833. PILOT PROGRAM TO ACCELERATE MAJOR WEAPONS SYSTEM 
                   PROGRAMS.

       (a) In General.--The Secretary of Defense shall establish a 
     pilot program to reform and accelerate the contracting and 
     pricing processes associated with contracts in excess of 
     $50,000,000 by--
       (1) basing price reasonableness determinations on actual 
     cost and pricing data for purchases of the same or similar 
     products for the Department of Defense; and
       (2) reducing the cost and pricing data to be submitted in 
     accordance with section 2306a of title 10, United States 
     Code.
       (b) Sunset.--The authority to carry out the pilot program 
     under this section shall expire on January 2, 2021.

        Subtitle D--Provisions Relating to Acquisition Workforce

     SEC. 841. PERMANENT AUTHORITY FOR DEMONSTRATION PROJECTS 
                   RELATING TO ACQUISITION PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT 
                   POLICIES AND PROCEDURES.

       (a) Permanent Authority.--Section 1762 of title 10, United 
     States Code, is amended by striking subsections (g) and (h).
       (b) Scope of Authority.--Subsection (a) of such section is 
     amended by striking ``Commencement.--'' and all that follows 
     through ``a demonstration project,'' and inserting ``In 
     General.--The Secretary of Defense may carry out 
     demonstration projects''.

     SEC. 842. ESTABLISHMENT OF INTEGRATED REVIEW TEAM ON DEFENSE 
                   ACQUISITION INDUSTRY-GOVERNMENT EXCHANGE.

       (a) Study.--
       (1) In general.--Not later than 30 days after the date of 
     the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall 
     direct the Defense Business Board to convene an integrated 
     review team (in this section referred to as the ``exchange 
     team'') to undertake a study on facilitating the exchange of 
     defense industry personnel on term assignments within the 
     Department of Defense.
       (2) Member participation.--
       (A) Defense business board.--The Chairman of the Defense 
     Business Board shall select six members from the membership 
     of the Board to participate on the exchange team, including 
     one member to lead the team.
       (B) Defense innovation board.--The Chairman of the Defense 
     Innovation Board shall select five appropriate members from 
     the membership of their Board to participate on the exchange 
     team.
       (C) Defense science board.--The Chairman of the Defense 
     Science Board shall select five appropriate members from the 
     membership of their Board to participate on the exchange 
     team.
       (D) Required experience.--The Chairmen referred to in 
     subparagraphs (a) through (C) shall ensure that members have 
     significant legislative or regulatory expertise and reflect 
     diverse experiences in the public and private sector.
       (3) Scope.--The study conducted pursuant to paragraph (1) 
     shall--
       (A) review legal, ethical, and financial disclosure 
     requirements for industry-government exchanges;
       (B) review existing or previous industry-government 
     exchange programs such as the Department of State's Franklin 
     Fellows Program and the Information Technology Exchange 
     Program;
       (C) review how the military departments address legal, 
     ethical, and financial requirements for members of the 
     reserve components who also maintain civilian employment in 
     the defense industry;
       (D) produce specific and detailed recommendations for any 
     legislation, including the amendment or repeal of 
     regulations, as well as non-legislative approaches, that the 
     members of the exchange team conducting the study determine 
     necessary to--
       (i) reduce barriers to industry-government exchange to 
     encourage the flow of acquisition best practices;
       (ii) ensure continuing financial and ethical integrity; and
       (iii) protect the best interests of the Department of 
     Defense; and
       (E) produce such additional recommendations for legislation 
     as the members consider appropriate.
       (4) Access to information.--The Secretary of Defense shall 
     provide the exchange team with timely access to appropriate 
     information, data, resources, and analysis so that the 
     exchange team may conduct a thorough and independent analysis 
     as required under this subsection.
       (b) Briefing.--Not later than December 31, 2018, the 
     exchange team shall provide an interim briefing to the 
     congressional defense committees on the study conducted under 
     subsection (a)
       (c) Final Report.--Not later than March 1, 2019, the 
     exchange team shall submit a final report on the study to the 
     Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment 
     and the congressional defense committees.

     SEC. 843. EXCHANGE PROGRAM FOR ACQUISITION WORKFORCE 
                   EMPLOYEES.

       (a) Program Authorized.--The Secretary of Defense shall 
     establish an exchange program under which the Under Secretary 
     of Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment shall arrange for 
     the temporary assignment of civilian personnel in the 
     Department of Defense acquisition workforce.
       (b) Purposes.--The purposes of the exchange program 
     established pursuant to subsection (a) are--
       (1) to familiarize personnel from the acquisition workforce 
     with the equities, priorities, processes, culture, and 
     workforce of the acquisition-related defense agencies;
       (2) to enable participants in the exchange program to 
     return the expertise gained through their exchanges to their 
     original organizations; and
       (3) to improve communication between and integration of the 
     organizations that support the policy, implementation, and 
     oversight of defense acquisition through lasting 
     relationships.
       (c) Participants.--
       (1) Number of participants.--The Under Secretary shall 
     select not less than 10 and no more than 20 participants per 
     year for participation in the exchange program established 
     under subsection (a).
       (2) Criteria for selection.--The Under Secretary shall 
     select participants for the exchange program established 
     under subsection (a) from among mid-career employees and 
     based on--
       (A) the qualifications and desire to participate in the 
     program of the employee; and
       (B) the technical needs and capacities of the acquisition 
     workforce, as applicable.
       (d) Terms.--Exchanges pursuant to the exchange program 
     established under subsection (a) shall be for terms of one to 
     two years, as determined and negotiated by the Under 
     Secretary. The terms may begin and end on a rolling basis.
       (e) Guidance and Implementation.--
       (1) Guidance.--Not later than 90 days after the date of the 
     enactment of this Act, the Under Secretary shall develop and 
     submit to the congressional defense committees interim 
     guidance on the form and contours of the exchange program 
     established under subsection (a).
       (2) Implementation.--Not later than 180 days after the date 
     of the enactment of this Act, the Under Secretary shall 
     implement the guidance developed under paragraph (1).

          Subtitle E--Provisions Relating to Commercial Items

     SEC. 851. REPORT ON COMMERCIAL ITEM PROCUREMENT REFORM.

       (a) Report Required.--Not later than March 1, 2020, the 
     Assistant Secretary of Defense for Acquisition, in 
     consultation with members of the Defense Business Board as 
     appropriate, shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services 
     of the Senate and the House of Representatives a report on 
     reforms for commercial item procurement.
       (b) Elements.--The report required under subsection (a) 
     shall include the following elements:
       (1) A review of recommendations by the independent panel 
     created under section 809 of the National Defense 
     Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2016 (Public Law 114-92; 
     112 Public Law 889) pertaining to commercial items.
       (2) A review of commercial item provisions from the 
     National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2016 
     (Public Law 114-92), the National Defense Authorization Act 
     for Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328), the National

[[Page S4101]]

     Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2018 (Public Law 
     115-91), and other relevant legislation.
       (3) An analysis of the extent to which the Department of 
     Defense should treat commercial service contracts and 
     commercial products in a similar manner.
       (4) Such other matters with respect to commercial item 
     procurement as the Assistant Secretary considers appropriate.

                  Subtitle F--Industrial Base Matters

     SEC. 861. NATIONAL TECHNOLOGY AND INDUSTRIAL BASE APPLICATION 
                   PROCESS.

       (a) In General.--Subchapter II of chapter 148 of title 10, 
     United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the 
     following new section:

     ``Sec. 2509. National technology and industrial base 
       application process

       ``(a) In General.--The Secretary of Defense shall 
     administer a national technology and industrial base 
     application process.
       ``(b) Elements.--The application process required under 
     subsection (a) shall include the following elements:
       ``(1) The Secretary shall designate an official within the 
     Office of the Secretary of Defense responsible for 
     administration of the national technology and industrial base 
     application process and associated policy.
       ``(2) A person or organization that meets the definition of 
     national technology and industrial base under section 2500(1) 
     of this title shall have the opportunity to apply for an item 
     to be covered under the national technology and industrial 
     base. The application shall include, at a minimum, the 
     following information:
       ``(A) Information demonstrating the applicant meets such 
     definition.
       ``(B) The section or sections of this chapter, related to 
     the national technology and industrial base, that the 
     applicant seeks to modify.
       ``(C) The applicant's proposed modifications to the section 
     or sections identified under subparagraph (B).
       ``(D) For each item the applicant seeks to include in the 
     national technology and industrial base, the applicant shall 
     include the following information:
       ``(i) The extent to which such item has commercial 
     applications.
       ``(ii) The number of such items to be procured by current 
     programs of record.
       ``(iii) The criticality of such item to a military unit's 
     mission accomplishment.
       ``(iv) The estimated cost and other considerations of 
     reconstituting the manufacturing capability of such item, if 
     not maintained in the national technology and industrial 
     base.
       ``(v) National security regulations or restrictions imposed 
     on such item that may not be imposed on a non-national 
     technology and industrial base competitor.
       ``(vi) Non-national security-related Federal, State, and 
     local government regulations imposed on such item that may 
     not be imposed on a non-national technology and industrial 
     base competitor.
       ``(vii) The extent to which such item is fielded in current 
     programs of record.
       ``(viii) The extent to which cost and pricing data for such 
     item has been deemed fair and reasonable.
       ``(c) Consideration of Applications.--
       ``(1) Responsibility of designated official.--The official 
     designated pursuant to subsection (b)(1) shall be responsible 
     for providing complete applications submitted pursuant to 
     this subsection to the appropriate component acquisition 
     executive for consideration not later than 15 days after 
     receipt of such application.
       ``(2) Review.--Not later than 60 days after receiving a 
     complete application, the component acquisition executive 
     shall review such application, make a determination, and 
     return the application to the official designated pursuant to 
     subsection (b)(1).
       ``(3) Elements of determination.--The determination 
     required under paragraph (2) shall--
       ``(A) recommend the modification to this chapter proposed 
     pursuant to subsection (b)(2)(C);
       ``(B) recommend the modification to this chapter proposed 
     pursuant to subsection (b)(2)(C) with further modifications; 
     or
       ``(C) not recommend the modification to this chapter 
     proposed pursuant to subsection (b)(2)(C).
       ``(4) Justification.--The determination required under 
     paragraph (2) shall also include the rationale and 
     justification for the determination.
       ``(d) Recommendations for Legislation.--For applications 
     recommended under subsection (c), the official designated 
     pursuant to subsection (b)(1) shall be responsible for 
     preparing a legislative proposal for consideration by the 
     Secretary.''.
       (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the 
     beginning of such subchapter is amended by adding at the end 
     the following new item:

``2509. National technology and industrial base application process.''.
       (c) Effective Date.--Section 2509 of title 10, United 
     States Code, as added by subsection (a), shall take effect 60 
     days after the date of the enactment of this Act.

     SEC. 862. REPORT ON DEFENSE ELECTRONICS INDUSTRIAL BASE.

       (a) In General.--Not later than January 31, 2019, the 
     Secretary of Defense, in consultation with the Executive 
     Agent for Printed Circuit Board and Interconnect Technology 
     and the Director of the Office of Management and Budget, 
     shall submit to Congress a report examining the health of the 
     defense electronics industrial base, including analog and 
     passive electronic parts, substrates, printed boards, 
     assemblies, connectors, cabling, and related areas, both 
     domestically and within the national technology and 
     industrial base.
       (b) Elements.--The report required under subsection (a) 
     shall include the following elements:
       (1) An examination of current and planned partnerships with 
     the commercial industry.
       (2) Analysis of the current and future defense electronics 
     industrial base.
       (3) Threat assessment related to system security.
       (4) An assessment of the health of the engineering and 
     production workforce.
       (5) A description of the electronics supply chain 
     requirements of defense systems integral to meeting the goals 
     of the 2018 National Defense Strategy.
       (6) Recommended actions to address areas deemed deficient 
     or vulnerable, and a plan to formalize long-term resourcing 
     for the Executive Agent.
       (7) Any other areas matters determined relevant by the 
     Secretary.

     SEC. 863. SUPPORT FOR DEFENSE MANUFACTURING COMMUNITIES TO 
                   SUPPORT THE DEFENSE INDUSTRIAL BASE.

       (a) Program Authorized.--
       (1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense may, in 
     coordination with the Secretary of Commerce and working in 
     coordination with the defense manufacturing institutes, 
     establish within the Department of Defense a program to make 
     long-term investments in critical skills, infrastructure, 
     research and development, and small business support in order 
     to strengthen the national security innovation base by 
     designating and supporting consortiums as defense 
     manufacturing communities.
       (2) Designation.--The program authorized by this section 
     shall be known as the ``Defense Manufacturing Community 
     Support Program'' (in this section referred to as the 
     ``Program'').
       (b) Designation of Defense Manufacturing Communities 
     Complementary to Defense Manufacturing Institutes.--
       (1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense may designate 
     eligible consortiums as defense manufacturing communities 
     through a competitive process, and in coordination with the 
     defense manufacturing institutes.
       (2) Eligible consortiums.--The Secretary may establish 
     eligibility criteria for a consortium to participate in the 
     Program. In developing such criteria, the Secretary may 
     consider the merits of--
       (A) including members from academia, defense industry, 
     commercial industry, and State and local government 
     organizations;
       (B) supporting efforts in geographical regions that have 
     capabilities in key technologies or industrial base supply 
     chains that are determined critical to national security;
       (C) optimal consortium composition and size to promote 
     effectiveness, collaboration, and efficiency; and
       (D) complementarity with defense manufacturing institutes.
       (3) Duration.--Each designation under paragraph (1) shall 
     be for a period designated by the Secretary.
       (4) Renewal.--
       (A) In general.--The Secretary may renew a designation made 
     under paragraph (1) for up to two additional two-year 
     periods. Any designation as a defense manufacturing community 
     or renewal of such designation that is in effect before the 
     date of the enactment of this Act shall count toward the 
     limit set forth in this subparagraph.
       (B) Evaluation for renewal.--The Secretary shall establish 
     criteria for the renewal of a consortium. In establishing 
     such criteria, the Secretary may consider--
       (i) the performance of the consortium in meeting the 
     established goals of the Program;
       (ii) the progress the consortium has made with respect to 
     project-specific metrics, particularly with respect to those 
     metrics that were designed to help communities track their 
     own progress;
       (iii) whether any changes to the composition of the 
     eligible consortium or revisions of the plan for the 
     consortium would improve the capabilities of the defense 
     industrial base;
       (iv) the effectiveness of coordination with defense 
     manufacturing institutes; and
       (v) such other criteria as the Secretary considers 
     appropriate.
       (5) Application for designation.--An eligible consortium 
     seeking a designation under paragraph (1) shall submit an 
     application to the Secretary at such time and in such manner 
     as the Secretary may require. In developing such procedures, 
     the Secretary may consider the inclusion of--
       (A) a description of the regional boundaries of the 
     consortium, and the defense manufacturing capacity of the 
     region;
       (B) an evidence-based plan for enhancing the defense 
     industrial base through the efforts of the consortium;
       (C) the investments the consortium proposes and the 
     strategy of the consortium to address gaps in the defense 
     industrial base;
       (D) a description of the outcome-based metrics, benchmarks, 
     and milestones that will track and the evaluation methods 
     that will be used to gauge performance of the consortium;
       (E) how the initiatives will complement defense 
     manufacturing institutes; and
       (F) such other matters as the Secretary considers 
     appropriate.
       (c) Financial and Technical Assistance.--
       (1) In general.--Under the Program, the Secretary of 
     Defense may award financial or technical assistance to a 
     member of a consortium designated as a defense manufacturing 
     community under the Program as appropriate for purposes of 
     the Program.
       (2) Use of funds.--A recipient of financial or technical 
     assistance under the Program may use such financial or 
     technical assistance to support an investment that will 
     improve the defense industrial base.
       (3) Investments supported.--Investments supported under 
     this subsection may include activities not already provided 
     for by defense manufacturing institutes on--

[[Page S4102]]

       (A) infrastructure;
       (B) access to capital;
       (C) promotion of exports and foreign direct investment;
       (D) equipment or facility upgrades;
       (E) workforce training, retraining, or recruitment and 
     retention, including that of women and underrepresented 
     minorities;
       (F) energy or process efficiency;
       (G) business incubators;
       (H) site preparation;
       (I) advanced research and commercialization, including with 
     Federal laboratories and depots;
       (J) supply chain development; and
       (K) small business assistance.
       (d) Receipt of Transferred Funds.--The Secretary of Defense 
     may accept amounts transferred to the Secretary from the head 
     of another agency or a State or local governmental 
     organization to carry out this section.

                     Subtitle G--Other Transactions

     SEC. 871. CHANGE TO NOTIFICATION REQUIREMENT FOR OTHER 
                   TRANSACTIONS.

       Section 2371b(f)(1) of title 10, United States Code, is 
     amended by inserting after the first sentence the following: 
     ``The cost of any such option shall be considered for 
     purposes of subsection (a)(2) as part of the cost to the 
     Department of Defense of a transaction (for a prototype).''.

     SEC. 872. DATA AND POLICY ON THE USE OF OTHER TRANSACTIONS.

       (a) Collection and Storage.--The Service Acquisition 
     Executives of the military departments shall collect data on 
     the use of other transactions by their respective 
     departments, and the Under Secretary of Defense for Research 
     and Engineering and the Under Secretary of Defense for 
     Acquisition and Sustainment shall collect data on all other 
     use by the Department of Defense of other transactions, 
     including use by the Defense Agencies. The data shall be 
     stored in a manner that allows the Assistant Secretary of 
     Defense for Acquisition access at any time.
       (b) Use of Data.--The Assistant Secretary of Defense for 
     Acquisition shall analyze and leverage the data collected 
     under subsection (a) to update policy and guidance related to 
     the use of other transactions.

   Subtitle H--Development and Acquisition of Software Intensive and 
                     Digital Products and Services

     SEC. 881. CLARIFICATIONS REGARDING PROPRIETARY AND TECHNICAL 
                   DATA.

       (a) Validation of Proprietary Data Restrictions.--Section 
     2321(f) of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
       (1) by striking ``(1) Except as provided in paragraph (2), 
     in'' and inserting ``In''; and
       (2) by striking paragraph (2).
       (b) Rights in Technical Data.--Section 2320 of title 10, 
     United States Code, is amended--
       (1) by striking subsection (f); and
       (2) by redesignating subsections (g) and (h) as subsections 
     (f) and (g), respectively.

     SEC. 882. IMPLEMENTATION OF RECOMMENDATIONS OF THE FINAL 
                   REPORT OF THE DEFENSE SCIENCE BOARD TASK FORCE 
                   ON THE DESIGN AND ACQUISITION OF SOFTWARE FOR 
                   DEFENSE SYSTEMS.

       (a) Implementation Required.--Not later than 18 months 
     after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of 
     Defense shall, except as provided under subsection (b), 
     commence implementation of each recommendation submitted as 
     part of the final report of the Defense Science Board Task 
     Force on the Design and Acquisition of Software for Defense 
     Systems.
       (b) Exceptions.--
       (1) Delayed implementation.--The Secretary of Defense may 
     commence implementation of a recommendation described under 
     subsection (a) later than the date required under such 
     subsection if the Secretary provides the congressional 
     defense committees with a specific justification for the 
     delay in implementation of such recommendation.
       (2) Nonimplementation.--The Secretary of Defense may opt 
     not to implement a recommendation described under subsection 
     (a) if the Secretary provides to the congressional defense 
     committees--
       (A) the reasons for the decision not to implement the 
     recommendation; and
       (B) a summary of the alternative actions the Secretary 
     plans to take to address the purposes underlying the 
     recommendation.
       (c) Implementation Plans.--For each recommendation that the 
     Secretary is implementing, or that the Secretary plans to 
     implement, the Secretary shall submit to the congressional 
     defense committees--
       (1) a summary of actions that have been taken to implement 
     the recommendation; and
       (2) a schedule, with specific milestones, for completing 
     the implementation of the recommendation.

     SEC. 883. IMPLEMENTATION OF PILOT PROGRAM TO USE AGILE OR 
                   ITERATIVE DEVELOPMENT METHODS REQUIRED UNDER 
                   SECTION 873 OF THE NATIONAL DEFENSE 
                   AUTHORIZATION ACT FOR FISCAL YEAR 2018.

       (a) In General.--Not later than 30 days after the date of 
     the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall 
     include the following systems for realignment under the pilot 
     program to use agile or iterative development methods 
     pursuant to section 873 of the National Defense Authorization 
     Act for Fiscal Year 2018 (Public Law 115-91):
       (1) Global Positioning System Next Generation Operational 
     Control System (GPS OCX).
       (2) Integrated Air and Missile Defense Battle Command 
     System (IBCS).
       (3) Command Control Battle Management and Communications 
     (C2BMC).
       (4) The family of Distributed Common Ground Systems.
       (5) The family of Global Command and Control Systems.
       (6) Joint Space Operations Center Mission Systems (JMS).
       (7) Joint Strike Fighter Autonomic Logistics Information 
     System (ALIS).
       (8) Electronic Procurement System (ePS).
       (9) Air Force Integrated Personnel and Pay System (AFIPPS).
       (10) Navy Personnel and Pay (NP2).
       (11) Integrated Personnel and Pay-Army (IPPS-A).
       (12) Maintenance, Repair, and Overhaul (MROI).
       (13) Defense Enterprise Accounting Management System 
     (DEAMS).
       (14) Army Contract Writing System.
       (15) Contracting IT System.
       (16) Defense-wide Electronic Procurement Capabilities.
       (b) Revisions to List.--The Secretary of Defense shall 
     notify the congressional defense committees of any revisions 
     to the list of systems included for realignment under 
     subsection (a).

     SEC. 884. ENABLING AND OTHER ACTIVITIES OF THE CLOUD 
                   EXECUTIVE STEERING GROUP.

       (a) Activities Required.--Commencing not later than 90 days 
     after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Cloud 
     Executive Steering Group (CESG) established by the Deputy 
     Secretary of Defense in a directive memorandum dated 
     September 13, 2017, in order to support its Joint Enterprise 
     Defense Infrastructure (JEDI) initiative to procure 
     commercial cloud services, shall conduct certain key enabling 
     activities as follows:
       (1) Advanced commercial network capabilities.--Develop an 
     approach to rapidly acquire advanced commercial network 
     capabilities, including software-defined networking, on-
     demand bandwidth, and aggregated cloud access gateways, 
     through commercial service providers in order--
       (A) to support the migration of applications and systems to 
     commercial cloud platforms;
       (B) to increase visibility of end-to-end performance to 
     enable and enforce service level agreements for cloud 
     services;
       (C) to ensure efficient and common cloud access;
       (D) to facilitate shifting data and applications from one 
     cloud platform to another;
       (E) to improve cybersecurity; and
       (F) to consolidate networks and achieve efficiencies and 
     improved performance;
       (2) Workload and migration analysis.--Conduct an analysis 
     of existing workloads that would be migrated to the Joint 
     Enterprise Defense Infrastructure, including--
       (A) identifying all of the cloud initiatives across the 
     Department of Defense, and determining the objectives of such 
     initiatives in connection with the intended scope of the 
     Infrastructure;
       (B) identifying all the systems and applications that the 
     Department would intend to migrate to the Infrastructure;
       (C) conducting rationalization of applications to identify 
     applications and systems that may duplicate the processing of 
     workloads in connection with the Infrastructure; and
       (D) as result of such actions, arriving at dispositions 
     about migration or termination of systems and applications in 
     connection with the Infrastructure.
       (b) Limitation on New Systems and Applications.--The Deputy 
     Secretary shall require that no new system or application 
     will be approved for development or modernization without an 
     assessment that such system or application is already, or can 
     and would be, cloud-hosted.
       (c) Integration and Support.--The Deputy Secretary shall 
     ensure that the activities conducted under subsection (a) are 
     integrated with and support the plan of the Department to 
     acquire and migrate to commercial cloud services.
       (d) Transparency and Competition.--The Deputy Secretary 
     shall ensure that the acquisition approach of the Department 
     continues to follow the Federal Acquisition Regulation, 
     including part 16.504(c) of such regulation, regarding 
     procedures relating to the preference for multiple awards.

                       Subtitle I--Other Matters

     SEC. 891. PROHIBITION ON CERTAIN TELECOMMUNICATIONS SERVICES 
                   OR EQUIPMENT.

       (a) Findings.--Congress makes the following findings:
       (1) In its 2011 ``Annual Report to Congress on Military and 
     Security Developments Involving the People's Republic of 
     China'', the Department of Defense stated, ``China's defense 
     industry has benefited from integration with a rapidly 
     expanding civilian economy and science and technology sector, 
     particularly elements that have access to foreign technology. 
     Progress within individual defense sectors appears linked to 
     the relative integration of each, through China's civilian 
     economy, into the global production and R&D chain . . . 
     Information technology companies in particular, including 
     Huawei, Datang, and Zhongxing, maintain close ties to the 
     PLA.''.
       (2) In a 2011 report titled ``The National Security 
     Implications of Investments and Products from the People's 
     Republic of China in the Telecommunications Sector'', the 
     United States China Commission stated that ``[n]ational 
     security concerns have accompanied the dramatic growth of 
     China's telecom sector. . . . Additionally, large Chinese 
     companies--particularly those `national champions' prominent 
     in China's `going out' strategy of overseas expansion--are 
     directly subject to direction by the Chinese Communist Party, 
     to include support for PRC state policies and goals.''.
       (3) The Commission further stated in its report that 
     ``[f]rom this point of view, the clear economic benefits of 
     foreign investment in the U.S.

[[Page S4103]]

     must be weighed against the potential security concerns 
     related to infrastructure components coming under the control 
     of foreign entities. This seems particularly applicable in 
     the telecommunications industry, as Chinese companies 
     continue systematically to acquire significant holdings in 
     prominent global and U.S. telecommunications and information 
     technology companies.''.
       (4) In its 2011 Annual Report to Congress, the United 
     States China Commission stated that ``[t]he extent of the 
     state's control of the Chinese economy is difficult to 
     quantify . . . There is also a category of companies that, 
     though claiming to be private, are subject to state 
     influence. Such companies are often in new markets with no 
     established SOE leaders and enjoy favorable government 
     policies that support their development while posing 
     obstacles to foreign competition. Examples include Chinese 
     telecoms giant Huawei and such automotive companies as 
     battery maker BYD and vehicle manufacturers Geely and 
     Chery.''.
       (5) General Michael Hayden, who served as Director of the 
     Central Intelligence Agency and Director of the National 
     Security Agency, stated in July 2013 that Huawei had ``shared 
     with the Chinese state intimate and extensive knowledge of 
     foreign telecommunications systems it is involved with''.
       (6) The Federal Bureau of Investigation, in a February 2015 
     Counterintelligence Strategy Partnership Intelligence Note 
     stated that, ``[w]ith the expanded use of Huawei Technologies 
     Inc. equipment and services in U.S. telecommunications 
     service provider networks, the Chinese Government's potential 
     access to U.S. business communications is dramatically 
     increasing. Chinese Government-supported telecommunications 
     equipment on U.S. networks may be exploited through Chinese 
     cyber activity, with China's intelligence services operating 
     as an advanced persistent threat to U.S. networks.''.
       (7) The FBI further stated in its February 2015 
     counterintelligence note that ``China makes no secret that 
     its cyber warfare strategy is predicated on controlling 
     global communications network infrastructure''.
       (8) At a hearing before the Committee on Armed Services of 
     the House of Representatives on September 30, 2015, Deputy 
     Secretary of Defense Robert Work, responding to a question 
     about the use of Huawei telecommunications equipment, stated, 
     ``In the Office of the Secretary of Defense, absolutely not. 
     And I know of no other--I don't believe we operate in the 
     Pentagon, any [Huawei] systems in the Pentagon.''.
       (9) At that hearing, the Commander of the United States 
     Cyber Command, Admiral Mike Rogers, responding to a question 
     about why such Huawei telecommunications equipment is not 
     used, stated, ``As we look at supply chain and we look at 
     potential vulnerabilities within the system, that it is a 
     risk we felt was unacceptable.''.
       (10) In March 2017, ZTE Corporation pled guilty to 
     conspiring to violate the International Emergency Economic 
     Powers Act by illegally shipping U.S.-origin items to Iran, 
     paying the United States Government a penalty of $892,360,064 
     for activity between January 2010 and January 2016.
       (11) The Department of the Treasury's Office of Foreign 
     Assets Control issued a subpoena to Huawei as part of a 
     Federal investigation of alleged violations of trade 
     restrictions on Cuba, Iran, Sudan, and Syria.
       (12) In the bipartisan ``Investigative Report on the United 
     States National Security Issues Posed by Chinese 
     Telecommunication Companies Huawei and ZTE'' released in 2012 
     by the Permanent Select Committee on Intelligence of the 
     House of Representatives, it was recommended that ``U.S. 
     government systems, particularly sensitive systems, should 
     not include Huawei or ZTE equipment, including in component 
     parts. Similarly, government contractors--particularly those 
     working on contracts for sensitive U.S. programs--should 
     exclude ZTE or Huawei equipment in their systems.''.
       (b) Prohibition on Use or Procurement.--The Secretary of 
     Defense may not--
       (1) procure or obtain or extend or renew a contract to 
     procure or obtain any equipment, system, or service that uses 
     covered telecommunications equipment or services as a 
     substantial or essential component of any system, or as 
     critical technology as part of any system; or
       (2) enter into a contract (or extend or renew a contract) 
     with an entity that uses any equipment, system, or service 
     that uses covered telecommunications equipment or services as 
     a substantial or essential component of any system, or as 
     critical technology as part of any system.
       (c) Effective Dates.--The prohibition under subsection 
     (b)(1) shall take effect 180 days after the date of the 
     enactment of this Act and the prohibition under subsection 
     (b)(2) shall take effect three years after the date of the 
     enactment of this Act.
       (d) Rule of Construction.--Nothing in this section shall be 
     construed to--
       (1) prohibit the Secretary of Defense from procuring with 
     an entity to provide a service that connects to the 
     facilities of a third-party, such as backhaul, roaming, or 
     interconnection arrangements; or
       (2) cover telecommunications equipment that cannot route or 
     redirect user data traffic or permit visibility into any user 
     data or packets that such equipment transmits or otherwise 
     handles
       (e) Definitions.--In this section:
       (1) Covered foreign country.--The term ``covered foreign 
     country'' means the People's Republic of China.
       (2) Covered telecommunications equipment or services.--The 
     term ``covered telecommunications equipment or services'' 
     means any of the following:
       (A) Telecommunications equipment produced by Huawei 
     Technologies Company or ZTE Corporation (or any subsidiary or 
     affiliate of such entities).
       (B) Telecommunications services provided by such entities 
     or using such equipment.
       (C) Telecommunications equipment or services produced or 
     provided by an entity that the Secretary of Defense, in 
     consultation with the Director of the National Intelligence 
     or the Director of the Federal Bureau of Investigation, 
     reasonably believes to be an entity owned or controlled by, 
     or otherwise connected to, the government of a covered 
     foreign country.

     SEC. 892. LIMITATION ON USE OF FUNDS PENDING SUBMITTAL OF 
                   REPORT ON ARMY MARKETING AND ADVERTISING 
                   PROGRAM.

       (a) Report Required.--
       (1) In general.--Not later than 90 days after the date of 
     the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of the Army shall 
     submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and 
     House of Representatives a report on the recommendations 
     contained in the audit of the Army Audit Agency of the Army's 
     Marketing and Advertising Program concerning contract 
     oversight and return on investment.
       (2) Elements.--The report required by paragraph (1) shall 
     address each of the following:
       (A) The mitigation and oversight measures implemented to 
     assure improved program return and contract management, 
     including the establishment of specific goals to measure 
     long-term effects of investments in marketing efforts.
       (B) The establishment of a review process to regularly 
     evaluate the effectiveness and efficiency of marketing 
     efforts, including efforts to better support the accessions 
     missions of the Army.
       (C) The increase of acquisition and marketing experience 
     within the Army Marketing and Research Group (in this section 
     referred to as the ``AMRG'').
       (D) A workforce analysis of AMRG in cooperation with the 
     Office of Personnel Management and industry experts assessing 
     the AMRG organizational structure, staffing, and training, 
     including an assessment of the workplace climate and culture 
     internal to the AMRG.
       (E) The establishment of an Army Marketing and Advisory 
     Board comprised of senior Army and marketing and advertising 
     leaders and an assessment of industry and service marketing 
     and advertising best practices, including a plan to 
     incorporate relevant practices.
       (F) The status of the implementation of contracting 
     practices recommended by the Army Audit Agency's audit of 
     contracting oversight of AMRG contained in Audit Report A-
     2018-0033-MTH.
       (b) Limitation on Use of Funds.--Not more than 50 percent 
     of the amounts authorized to be appropriated by this Act or 
     otherwise made available for the AMRG for fiscal year 2019 
     for advertising and marketing activities may be obligated or 
     expended until the Secretary of the Army submits the report 
     required under subsection (a).
       (c) Comptroller General Review.--Not later than 90 days 
     after the date of the submittal of the report required under 
     subsection (a), the Comptroller General of the United States 
     shall conduct a review of the results and implementation of 
     the recommendations of the Army Audit Agency Audits of the 
     AMRG on contract oversight and return on investment. The 
     review shall include an assessment of the effects of the 
     implementation of the recommendations on the AMRG leadership, 
     workforce, and business practices, and return on investment.

     SEC. 893. PERMANENT SBIR AND STTR AUTHORITY FOR THE 
                   DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE.

       Section 9 of the Small Business Act (15 U.S.C. 638) is 
     amended--
       (1) in subsection (m), by inserting ``, except with respect 
     to the Department of Defense'' after ``September 30, 2022''; 
     and
       (2) in subsection (n)(1)(A)--
       (A) by inserting ``(or, with respect to the Department of 
     Defense, any fiscal year)'' after ``2022''; and
       (B) by inserting ``(or, with respect to the Department of 
     Defense, for any fiscal year)'' after ``for that fiscal 
     year''.

     SEC. 894. PROCUREMENT OF TELECOMMUNICATIONS SUPPLIES FOR 
                   EXPERIMENTAL PURPOSES.

       Section 2373 of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
     inserting ``telecommunications,'' after ``space flight,''.

     SEC. 895. ACCESS BY DEVELOPMENTAL AND OPERATIONAL TESTING 
                   ACTIVITIES TO DATA REGARDING MODELING AND 
                   SIMULATION ACTIVITY.

       (a) In General.--Section 139(e) of title 10, United States 
     Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new 
     paragraph:
       ``(4) The Director shall have prompt access to all data 
     regarding modeling and simulation activity proposed to be 
     used by military departments and defense agencies in support 
     of operational or live fire test and evaluation of military 
     capabilities. This access shall include data associated with 
     verification, validation, and accreditation activities.''.
       (b) Additional Testing Data.--Developmental Test and 
     Evaluation activities under the leadership of the Under 
     Secretary of Defense for Research and Engineering and the 
     Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment 
     shall have prompt access to all data regarding modeling and 
     simulation activity proposed to be used by military 
     departments and defense agencies in support of developmental 
     test and evaluation of military capabilities. This access 
     shall include data associated with verification, validation, 
     and accreditation activities.

[[Page S4104]]

  


      TITLE IX--DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE ORGANIZATION AND MANAGEMENT

   Subtitle A--Office of the Secretary of Defense and Related Matters

     SEC. 901. POWERS AND DUTIES OF THE UNDER SECRETARY OF DEFENSE 
                   FOR RESEARCH AND ENGINEERING IN CONNECTION WITH 
                   PRIORITY EMERGING TECHNOLOGIES.

       (a) In General.--In carrying out duties under section 133a 
     of title 10, United States Code, in connection with the 
     National Defense Strategy of the Department of Defense of 
     2018, the Under Secretary of Defense for Research and 
     Engineering shall have the authority to direct the 
     Secretaries of the military departments, and the heads of all 
     other elements of the Department of Defense with regard to 
     matters for which the Under Secretary has responsibility, 
     with respect to programs, projects, and activities in 
     connection with technology areas given priority, including 
     technology areas as follows:
       (1) Directed energy.
       (2) Hypersonics.
       (3) Artificial intelligence.
       (4) Future space satellite architectures.
       (b) Direction of Secretary of Defense.--
       (1) In general.--The Under Secretary shall carry out any 
     powers and duties under this section under the authority, 
     direction, and control of the Secretary.
       (2) Construction of authority.--Nothing in this section may 
     be construed as altering or revising the authority, 
     direction, and control of the Under Secretary by the 
     Secretary of Defense and the Deputy Secretary of Defense.
       (c) Satellite Architectures.--
       (1) No directional authority for space launch vehicles.--
     The authority in subsection (a) with respect to future space 
     satellite architectures does not include the following:
       (A) Authority for space launch vehicles.
       (B) Authority for direction of the Evolved Expendable 
     Launch Vehicle program, including any program, project, or 
     activity relating to the Next Generation Launch System.
       (2) Final decisional authority on architectures.--The 
     Deputy Secretary of Defense shall have final decisional 
     authority over any decision on future space satellite 
     architecture under the authority in subsection (a). The 
     Deputy Secretary shall exercise such final decisional 
     authority in consultation with the Secretaries of the 
     military departments.
       (d) Coordination.--In executing powers and duties under 
     this section, the Under Secretary shall consult with 
     appropriate officials of the military departments and the 
     Defense Agencies in order to maximize support of effective 
     and efficient execution of the National Defense Strategy 
     referred to in subsection (a).
       (e) Expiration.--The authority of the Under Secretary under 
     this section shall expire on the date that is one year after 
     the date of the enactment of this Act.

     SEC. 902. REDESIGNATION AND MODIFICATION OF RESPONSIBILITIES 
                   OF UNDER SECRETARY OF DEFENSE FOR PERSONNEL AND 
                   READINESS.

       (a) Redesignation and Responsibilities as Under Secretary 
     of Defense for Personnel.--
       (1) In general.--Section 136 of title 10, United States 
     Code, is amended--
       (A) by striking ``and Readiness'' each place it appears; 
     and
       (B) by striking subsection (d).
       (2) Heading amendment.--The heading of such section is 
     amended to read as follows:

     ``Sec. 136. Under Secretary of Defense for Personnel''.

       (b) Designation as Chief Human Capital Officer.--Such 
     section is further amended--
       (1) by inserting ``(1)'' after ``(b)''; and
       (2) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
       ``(2) The Under Secretary is the Chief Human Capital 
     Officer of the Department of Defense for purposes of chapter 
     14 of title 5.''.
       (c) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the 
     beginning of chapter 4 of such title is amended by striking 
     the item relating to section 136 and inserting the following 
     new item:

``136. Under Secretary of Defense for Personnel.''.
       (d) Other Conforming Amendments.--
       (1) Title 10, united states code.--Title 10, United States 
     Code, is further amended as follows:
       (A) In section 131(b)(3), by striking subparagraph (E) and 
     inserting the following new subparagraph (E):
       ``(D) The Undersecretary of Defense for Personnel.''.
       (B) In section 137(c), by striking ``and Readiness''.
       (2) Executive schedule level iii.--Section 5314 of title 5, 
     United States Code, is amended by striking the item relating 
     to the Under Secretary of Defense for Personnel and Readiness 
     and inserting the following new item:
       ``Under Secretary of Defense for Personnel.''.
       (e) References.--Any reference to the Under Secretary of 
     Defense for Personnel and Readiness in any law, regulation, 
     map, document, record, or other paper of the United States 
     shall be deemed to be a reference to the Under Secretary of 
     Defense for Personnel.

     SEC. 903. MODIFICATION OF RESPONSIBILITIES OF THE UNDER 
                   SECRETARY OF DEFENSE FOR POLICY.

       (a) In General.--Paragraph (2) of section 134(b) of title 
     10, United States Code, is amended to read as follows:
       ``(2) The Under Secretary shall assist the Secretary of 
     Defense in the following:
       ``(A) Preparing the National Defense Strategy, as required 
     by section 113 of this title.
       ``(B) Preparing policy guidance for the preparation of 
     campaign and contingency plans by the commanders of the 
     combatant commands, and in reviewing such plans.
       ``(C) Preparing policy guidance for the development of the 
     global force posture.
       ``(D) Preparing policy guidance to direct the formulation 
     of program and budget requests by the military departments 
     and other elements of the Department of Defense, and 
     reviewing such requests in the annual planning, programming, 
     and budget process.
       ``(E) Developing planning scenarios that describe the 
     present and future strategic and operational environments by 
     which to assess joint force capabilities and readiness.
       ``(F) Developing specific outcomes that the joint force 
     should be ready to achieve and conducting assessments of the 
     readiness of the joint force to achieve such outcomes.
       ``(G) Devising specific criteria to direct reviews by the 
     Director of Cost Assessment and Program Evaluation of the 
     implementation of the capability and readiness priorities of 
     the Secretary.''.
       (b) Effective Date.--The amendment made by subsection (a) 
     shall take effect on February 1, 2019.

     SEC. 904. REPORT ON ALLOCATION OF FORMER RESPONSIBILITIES OF 
                   THE UNDER SECRETARY OF DEFENSE FOR ACQUISITION, 
                   TECHNOLOGY, AND LOGISTICS.

       Not later than March 1, 2019, the Secretary of Defense 
     shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the 
     Senate and the House of Representatives a report setting 
     forth the following:
       (1) A list of each provision of law, whether within or 
     outside title 10, United States Code, in force as of the date 
     of the report that, as of that date, assigns a duty, 
     responsibility, or other requirement to the Under Secretary 
     of Defense for Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics.
       (2) For each duty, responsibility, or other requirement 
     specified in a provision of law listed pursuant to paragraph 
     (1), the allocation of such duty, responsibility, or 
     requirement within the Department of Defense, including--
       (A) solely to the Under Secretary of Defense for Research 
     and Engineering;
       (B) solely to the Under Secretary of Defense for 
     Acquisition and Sustainment;
       (C) on a shared basis between the Under Secretary of 
     Defense for Research and Engineering and the Under Secretary 
     of Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment;
       (D) solely to another official or organization of the 
     Department;
       (E) on a shared basis between other officials and 
     organizations of the Department; or
       (F) not allocated.

     SEC. 905. ASSISTANT SECRETARY OF DEFENSE FOR STRATEGY, PLANS, 
                   ASSESSMENTS, READINESS, AND CAPABILITIES.

       (a) In General.--Section 138(b) of title 10, United States 
     Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new 
     paragraph:
       ``(5)(A) One of the Assistant Secretaries is the Assistant 
     Secretary of Defense for Strategy, Plans, Assessments, 
     Readiness and Capabilities.
       ``(B) The principal duty of the Assistant Secretary shall 
     be to support the Secretary of Defense in developing the 
     National Defense Strategy (as required by section 113 of this 
     title) and related policy guidance for the campaign and 
     contingency plans, force development and defense posture 
     priorities, and readiness objectives required to execute the 
     Strategy.
       ``(C) Subject to the authority, direction, and control of 
     the Secretary and the Under Secretary of Defense for Policy, 
     the Assistant Secretary shall be responsible for the 
     following:
       ``(i) In matters relating to strategy and force planning, 
     the following:
       ``(I) Supporting the Secretary and the Under Secretary in 
     preparing the National Defense Strategy.
       ``(II) Producing policy guidance to direct the formulation 
     of program and budget requests by the military departments 
     and other elements of the Department, including the Defense 
     Planning Guidance as required by section 113 of this title, 
     and review such program and budget requests.
       ``(III) Proposing alternative force sizes and structures, 
     joint capabilities and concepts, and roles and missions for 
     the armed forces to inform the development of annual program 
     and budget requests.
       ``(ii) In matters relating to plans and force posture, the 
     following:
       ``(I) Supporting the Secretary and the Under Secretary in 
     producing policy guidance to inform the development of 
     campaign and contingency plans by the commanders of the 
     combatant commands, including the Contingency Planning 
     Guidance for Employment of the Force and the Global Defense 
     Posture Report as required by section 113 of this title, and 
     reviewing such plans.
       ``(II) Advising the Secretary and the Under Secretary on 
     alternative concepts for the employment and posture of the 
     joint force to align with the National Defense Strategy and 
     other approved policy guidance of the Secretary.
       ``(iii) In matters relating to assessments, the following:
       ``(I) Developing planning scenarios that describe the 
     present and future strategic and operational environments by 
     which to assess joint force capabilities and readiness.
       ``(II) Producing detailed assessments at the strategic, 
     campaign, and mission levels (including through war games) to 
     evaluate the present and future capability and readiness of 
     the armed forces to conduct joint military campaigns or 
     competitions that are prioritized in approved policy guidance 
     of the Secretary.
       ``(III) Devising specific criteria to direct reviews by the 
     Director of Cost Assessment and Program Evaluation of the 
     implementation of the capability and readiness priorities 
     established in approved policy guidance of the Secretary.
       ``(iv) In matters relating to readiness, the following:

[[Page S4105]]

       ``(I) Describing the strategic, campaign, and mission 
     outcomes that the joint force should be ready to achieve and 
     by which joint force readiness will be assessed, in 
     accordance with approved strategic guidance of the Secretary.
       ``(II) Conducting assessments of the readiness of the joint 
     force to perform the missions prioritized in the National 
     Defense Strategy and other approved policy guidance of the 
     Secretary, including through the observation of military 
     training and exercises.
       ``(v) In matters relating to strategic capabilities, 
     developing and supervising policy, program planning and 
     execution, and allocation and use of resources for any 
     strategic capabilities designated by the Under Secretary.''.
       (b) Effective Date.--The amendment made by this section 
     shall take effect on February 1, 2019.

     SEC. 906. CLARIFICATION OF RESPONSIBILITIES AND DUTIES OF THE 
                   CHIEF INFORMATION OFFICER OF THE DEPARTMENT OF 
                   DEFENSE.

       Section 142(b)(1) of title 10, United States Code, is 
     amended--
       (1) in subparagraph (A), by inserting ``(other than with 
     respect to business systems and management)'' after 
     ``sections 3506(a)(2)'';
       (2) in subparagraph (B), by striking ``section 11315 of 
     title 40'' and inserting ``sections 11315 and 11319 of title 
     40 (other than with respect to business systems and 
     management)''; and
       (3) in subparagraph (C), by striking ``sections 2222, 
     2223(a), and 2224 of this title'' and inserting ``sections 
     2223(a) (other than with respect to business systems and 
     management) and 2224 of this title''.

     SEC. 907. SPECIFICATION OF CERTAIN DUTIES OF THE DEFENSE 
                   TECHNICAL INFORMATION CENTER.

       (a) In General.--In addition to any other duties specified 
     for the Defense Technical Information Center by law, 
     regulation, or Department of Defense directive or 
     instruction, the duties of the Center shall include the 
     following:
       (1) To execute the Global Research Watch Program under 
     section 2365 of title 10, United States Code.
       (2) To develop and maintain datasets and other data 
     repositories on research and engineering activities being 
     conducted within the Department.
       (b) Action Plan.--Not later than 90 days after the date of 
     the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall 
     submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and 
     the House of Representatives a plan of action for the 
     commencement by the Defense Technical Information Center of 
     the duties specified in subsection (a).

     SEC. 908. LIMITATION ON TERMINATION OF, AND TRANSFER OF 
                   FUNCTIONS, RESPONSIBILITIES, AND ACTIVITIES OF, 
                   THE STRATEGIC CAPABILITIES OFFICE.

       (a) Limitation.--The Secretary of Defense may not terminate 
     the Strategic Capabilities Office or transfer the functions 
     or responsibilities of such office to another entity or 
     organization until the Secretary--
       (1) certifies to the congressional defense committees that 
     the key functions, responsibilities, and activities of the 
     office will be replicated and managed elsewhere after such 
     office has been terminated or its functions, 
     responsibilities, or activities have been transferred;
       (2) submits to the congressional defense committees--
       (A) a plan to replicate and manage such functions, 
     responsibilities, and activities elsewhere; and
       (B) if the Secretary decides that the Strategic 
     Capabilities Office, or subsequent entity, should report to 
     an official other than the Under Secretary for Research and 
     Engineering, a justification for such decision.
       (b) Key Functions.--The key functions of the office 
     referred to in subsection (a)(1) are the following:
       (1) Repurposing existing Government and commercial systems 
     for new technological advantage.
       (2) Developing novel concepts of operation that are lower 
     cost, more effective, and more responsive to changing threats 
     than traditional concepts of operation.
       (3) Developing joint systems and concepts of operations to 
     meet emerging threats and military requirements based on 
     partnerships with the military services and combatant 
     commanders.
       (4) Developing prototypes and new concepts of operations 
     that can inform the development of requirements and the 
     establishment of acquisition programs.
       (5) Such other functions as the Secretary considers 
     appropriate.

     SEC. 909. TECHNICAL CORRECTIONS TO DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE TEST 
                   RESOURCE MANAGEMENT CENTER AUTHORITY.

       Section 196 of title 10, United States Code, is amended in 
     subsections (c)(1)(B) and (g) by striking ``Under Secretary 
     of Defense for Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics'' and 
     inserting ``Under Secretary of Defense for Research and 
     Engineering''.

Subtitle B--Organization and Management of Other Department of Defense 
                          Offices and Elements

     SEC. 921. MODIFICATION OF CERTAIN RESPONSIBILITIES OF THE 
                   CHAIRMAN OF THE JOINT CHIEFS OF STAFF RELATING 
                   TO JOINT FORCE CONCEPT DEVELOPMENT.

       Subparagraph (D) of section 153(a)(6) of title 10, United 
     States Code, is amended to read as follows:
       ``(D) formulating policies for development and 
     experimentation on both urgent and long-term concepts for the 
     joint employment of the armed forces, including establishment 
     of a process within the Joint Staff for--
       ``(i) analyzing and prioritizing gaps in capabilities that 
     could potentially be addressed by joint concept development 
     using existing or modified joint force capabilities; and
       ``(ii) ensuring that such joint concepts are tested, 
     assessed and, if appropriate, fielded to support the joint 
     force;''.

     SEC. 922. ASSISTANT SECRETARY OF DEFENSE FOR SPECIAL 
                   OPERATIONS AND LOW-INTENSITY CONFLICT REVIEW OF 
                   UNITED STATES SPECIAL OPERATIONS COMMAND.

       (a) Review Required.--The Assistant Secretary of Defense 
     for Special Operations and Low-Intensity Conflict shall, in 
     coordination with the Commander of the United States Special 
     Operations Command, conduct a comprehensive review of the 
     United States Special Operations Command for purposes of 
     ensuring that the institutional and operational capabilities 
     of special operations forces are appropriate to counter 
     anticipated future threats across the spectrum of conflict.
       (b) Scope of Review.--The review required by subsection (a) 
     shall include, at a minimum, the following:
       (1) An assessment of the adequacy of special operations 
     forces doctrine, organization, training, materiel, education, 
     personnel, and facilities to implement the 2018 National 
     Defense Strategy, and recommendations, if any, for 
     modifications for that purpose.
       (2) An assessment of the roles and responsibilities of 
     special operations forces as assigned by law, Department of 
     Defense guidance, or other formal designation and 
     recommendations, if any, for additions to or divestitures of 
     such roles or responsibilities.
       (3) An assessment of the adequacy of the processes through 
     which the United States Special Operations Command evaluates 
     and prioritizes the requirements at the geographic combatant 
     commands for special operations forces and special 
     operations-unique capabilities and makes recommendations on 
     the allocation of special operations forces and special 
     operations-unique capabilities to meet such requirements, and 
     recommendations, if any, for modifications of such processes.
       (4) Any other matters the Assistant Secretary considers 
     appropriate.
       (c) Deadlines.--
       (1) Completion of review.--The review required by 
     subsection (a) shall be completed by not later than 270 days 
     after the date of the enactment of this Act.
       (2) Report.--Not later than 30 days after completion of the 
     review, the Assistant Secretary shall submit to the 
     congressional defense committees a report on the review, 
     including the findings and any recommendations of the 
     Assistant Secretary as a result of the review.

     SEC. 923. QUALIFICATIONS FOR APPOINTMENT AS DEPUTY CHIEF 
                   MANAGEMENT OFFICER OF A MILITARY DEPARTMENT.

       (a) Department of the Army.--An individual may not be 
     appointed as Deputy Chief Management Officer of the 
     Department of the Army unless the individual--
       (1) has significant experience in business operations or 
     management in the public sector; or
       (2) has significant experience managing an enterprise in 
     the private sector.
       (b) Department of the Navy.--An individual may not be 
     appointed as Deputy Chief Management Officer of the 
     Department of the Navy unless the individual--
       (1) has significant experience in business operations or 
     management in the public sector; or
       (2) has significant experience managing an enterprise in 
     the private sector.
       (c) Department of the Air Force.--An individual may not be 
     appointed as Deputy Chief Management Officer of the 
     Department of the Air Force unless the individual--
       (1) has significant experience in business operations or 
     management in the public sector; or
       (2) has significant experience managing an enterprise in 
     the private sector.

     SEC. 924. EXPANSION OF PRINCIPAL DUTIES OF ASSISTANT 
                   SECRETARY OF THE NAVY FOR RESEARCH, 
                   DEVELOPMENT, AND ACQUISITION.

       Section 5016(b)(4)(A) of title 10, United States Code, is 
     amended by striking ``and acquisition matters'' and inserting 
     ``acquisition, and sustainment (including maintenance) 
     matters''.

     SEC. 925. CROSS-FUNCTIONAL TEAMS IN THE DEPARTMENT OF 
                   DEFENSE.

       (a) Establishment of Certain Teams.--
       (1) In general.--Among the cross-functional teams 
     established by the Secretary of Defense pursuant to 
     subsection (c) of section 911 of the National Defense 
     Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328; 
     130 Stat. 2345; 10 U.S.C. 111 note) in support of the 
     organizational strategy for the Department of Defense 
     required by subsection (a) of that section, the Secretary 
     shall establish a cross-functional team on each matter as 
     follows:
       (A) Electronic warfare.
       (B) Personnel security.
       (C) Close combat lethality.
       (2) Establishment and activities.--Each cross-functional 
     team established pursuant to paragraph (1) shall be 
     established in accordance with subsection (c) of section 911 
     of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 
     2017, and shall be governed in its activities in accordance 
     with the provisions of such subsection (c).
       (3) Deadline for establishment.--The cross-functional teams 
     required by paragraph (1) shall be established by not later 
     than 90 days after the date of the enactment of this Act.
       (b) Additional Cross-functional Teams Matters.--
       (1) Criteria for distinguishing among cross-functional 
     teams.--Not later than 60 days after the date of the 
     enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall issue criteria 
     that distinguish cross-functional teams under section 911 of 
     the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017 
     from other types of cross-functional working groups, 
     committees, integrated

[[Page S4106]]

     product teams, and task forces of the Department.
       (2) Primary responsibility for implementation of teams.--
     The Deputy Secretary of Defense shall establish or designate 
     an office within the Department that shall have primary 
     responsibility for implementing section 911 of the National 
     Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017.

     SEC. 926. DEADLINE FOR COMPLETION OF FULL IMPLEMENTATION OF 
                   REQUIREMENTS IN CONNECTION WITH ORGANIZATION OF 
                   THE DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE FOR MANAGEMENT OF 
                   SPECIAL OPERATIONS FORCES AND SPECIAL 
                   OPERATIONS.

       The Secretary of Defense shall ensure that the 
     implementation of section 922 of the National Defense 
     Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328; 
     130 Stat. 2354) and the amendments made by that section is 
     fully complete by not later than 90 days after the date of 
     the enactment of this Act.

 Subtitle C--Organization and Management of the Department of Defense 
                               Generally

     SEC. 931. LIMITATION ON AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS FOR MAJOR 
                   HEADQUARTERS ACTIVITIES OF THE DEPARTMENT OF 
                   DEFENSE.

       (a) In General.--Chapter 2 of title 10, United States Code, 
     is amended by inserting after section 117 the following new 
     section:

     ``Sec. 118. Major headquarters activities: limitation on 
       funds available

       ``(a) Overall Limitation.--In any fiscal year after fiscal 
     year 2020, the aggregate amount that may be obligated and 
     expended on major headquarters activities may not exceed an 
     amount equal to 1.6 percent of the average amount authorized 
     to be appropriated for the Department of Defense (including 
     for overseas contingency operations) over the 10 fiscal years 
     ending with the preceding fiscal year.
       ``(b) Limitations on Availability for Particular 
     Activities.--Within the amount available for a fiscal year 
     pursuant to subsection (a), amounts shall be available as 
     follows:
       ``(1) For the Office of the Secretary of Defense, not more 
     than an amount equal to 0.4 percent of the average amount 
     authorized to be appropriated for the Department of Defense 
     (including for overseas contingency operations) over the 10 
     fiscal years ending with the preceding fiscal year.
       ``(2) For the major headquarters activities of a military 
     department, not more than an amount equal to 1 percent of the 
     average amount authorized to be appropriated for the 
     Department of Defense (including for overseas contingency 
     operations) for such military department over the 10 fiscal 
     years ending with the preceding fiscal year.
       ``(c) Distribution of Remaining Funds.--Any funds available 
     in a fiscal year for major headquarters activities under 
     subsection (a) after the operation of subsection (b) in 
     connection with such fiscal year may be distributed for 
     availability by the Secretary of Defense among any major 
     headquarters activities other than the Office of the 
     Secretary of Defense.
       ``(d) Definitions.--In this section:
       ``(1) The term `major headquarters activities' has the 
     meaning given the term `major Department of Defense 
     headquarters activities' in section 346(b)(3) of the National 
     Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2016 (10 U.S.C. 111 
     note).
       ``(2) The term `major headquarters activities of a military 
     department' means the following:
       ``(A) In the case of the Army, the Office of the Secretary 
     of the Army and the Army Staff.
       ``(B) In the case of the Navy, the Office of the Secretary 
     of the Navy, the Office of the Chief of Naval Operations, and 
     Headquarters, Marine Corps.
       ``(C) In the case of the Air Force, the Office of the 
     Secretary of the Air Force and the Air Staff.
       ``(3) The term `Office of the Secretary of Defense' 
     includes the Joint Staff.''.
       (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the 
     beginning of chapter 2 of such title is amended by inserting 
     after the item relating to section 117 the following new 
     item:

``118. Major headquarters activities: limitation on funds available.''.

     SEC. 932. RESPONSIBILITY FOR POLICY ON CIVILIAN CASUALTY 
                   MATTERS.

       (a) Designation of Senior Civilian Official.--Not later 
     than 90 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, the 
     Under Secretary of Defense for Policy shall designate a 
     senior civilian official of the Department of Defense at or 
     above the level of Assistant Secretary of Defense to develop, 
     coordinate, and oversee compliance with the policy of the 
     Department relating to civilian casualties resulting from 
     United States military operations.
       (b) Responsibilities.--The senior civilian official 
     designated under subsection (a) shall ensure that the policy 
     referred to in that subsection provides for--
       (1) uniform processes and standards across the combatant 
     commands for accurately recording kinetic strikes by the 
     United States military;
       (2) the development and dissemination of best practices for 
     reducing the likelihood of civilian casualties from United 
     States military operations;
       (3) the development of a publicly available Internet portal 
     for the submittal of allegations of civilian casualties 
     resulting from United States military operations;
       (4) uniform processes and standards across the combatant 
     commands for reviewing and investigating allegations of 
     civilian casualties resulting from United States military 
     operations, including the consideration of relevant 
     information from all available sources;
       (5) uniform processes and standards across the combatant 
     commands for--
       (A) acknowledging the responsibility of the United States 
     military for civilian casualties resulting from United States 
     military operations; and
       (B) offering ex gratia payments to civilians who have been 
     injured, or to the families of civilians killed, as a result 
     of United States military operations, as determined to be 
     necessary by the designated senior civilian official;
       (6) regular engagement with relevant intergovernmental and 
     nongovernmental organizations; and
       (7) public affairs guidance with respect to matters 
     relating to civilian casualties alleged or confirmed to have 
     resulted from United States military operations; and
       (8) such other matters with respect to civilian casualties 
     resulting from United States military operations as the 
     designated senior civilian official considers appropriate.
       (c) Report.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
     enactment of this Act, the senior civilian official 
     designated under subsection (a) shall submit to the 
     congressional defense committees a report that describes--
       (1) the policy developed by the senior civilian official 
     under that subsection; and
       (2) the efforts of the Department to implement such policy.

     SEC. 933. ADDITIONAL MATTERS IN CONNECTION WITH BACKGROUND 
                   AND SECURITY INVESTIGATIONS FOR DEPARTMENT OF 
                   DEFENSE PERSONNEL.

       (a) Additional Matter for Annual Reports.--Subsection 
     (k)(3) of section 925 of the National Defense Authorization 
     Act for Fiscal Year 2018 (Public Law 115-91) is amended--
       (1) by redesignating subparagraphs (H) through (L) as 
     subparagraphs (I) through (M), respectively; and
       (2) by inserting after subparagraph (G) the following new 
     subparagraph (H):
       ``(H) The number of denials or revocations of a security 
     clearance by each authorized adjudicative agency that 
     occurred separately from a periodic reinvestigation.''.
       (b) Sense of Congress.--Such section is further amended--
       (1) by redesignating subsection (l) as subsection (m); and
       (2) by inserting after subsection (k) the following new 
     subsection (l):
       ``(l) Sense of Congress.--It is the sense of Congress 
     that--
       ``(1) personnel security investigations, and continuous 
     evaluation, form an integral part of the security posture of 
     the Department of Defense; and
       ``(2) to the extent practicable, the Department should 
     coordinate with the security executive agent to ensure that 
     the results of adjudication decisions, either within initial 
     investigations or reinvestigations, are communicated in a 
     transparent manner to ensure public trust in the adjudication 
     process.''.

     SEC. 934. PROGRAM OF EXPEDITED SECURITY CLEARANCES FOR 
                   MISSION-CRITICAL POSITIONS.

       (a) In General.--Not later than 90 days after the date of 
     the enactment of this Act, the Security Executive Agent shall 
     establish a program for the expedited processing of security 
     clearances for mission-critical positions, fulfilled by 
     either Government or contract employees. Under such program, 
     the Security Executive Agent shall complete the processing of 
     applications for security clearances--
       (1) at the secret level in 15 or fewer days; and
       (2) at the top secret level in 45 days or fewer.
       (b) Security Executive Agent.--In this section, the term 
     ``Security Executive Agent'' means the Director of National 
     Intelligence acting as the Security Executive Agent in 
     accordance with Executive Order 13467 (73 Fed. Reg. 38103; 50 
     U.S.C. 3161 note).

     SEC. 935. INFORMATION SHARING PROGRAM FOR POSITIONS OF TRUST.

       (a) Program Required.--Not later than 90 days after the 
     date of the enactment of this Act, the Security Executive 
     Agent shall establish a program to share between and among 
     Federal Government agencies and industry partners of the 
     Federal Government information regarding individuals applying 
     for and in positions of trust, including derogatory and 
     suitability information.
       (b) Privacy Safeguards.--The Security Executive Agent shall 
     ensure that the program required by subsection (a) includes 
     such safeguards for privacy as the Security Executive Agent 
     considers appropriate.
       (c) Provision of Information to the Private Sector.--The 
     Security Executive Agent shall ensure that under the program 
     required by subsection (a) sufficient information is provided 
     to the private sector so that employers in the private sector 
     can make informed decisions about hiring and retention in 
     positions of trust, while safeguarding personnel privacy.
       (d) Implementation Plan.--
       (1) In general.--Not later than 90 days after the date of 
     the enactment of this Act, the Security Executive Agent shall 
     submit to Congress a plan for the implementation of the 
     program required by subsection (a).
       (2) Contents.--The plan required by paragraph (1) shall 
     include the following:
       (A) Matters that address privacy, security, and human 
     resources processes.
       (B) Such recommendations as the Security Executive Agent 
     may have for legislative or administrative action to carry 
     out or improve the program.
       (e) Security Executive Agent.--In this section, the term 
     ``Security Executive Agent'' means the Director of National 
     Intelligence acting as the Security Executive Agent in 
     accordance with Executive Order 13467 (73 Fed. Reg. 38103; 50 
     U.S.C. 3161 note).

     SEC. 936. REPORT ON CLEARANCE IN PERSON CONCEPT.

       (a) Report Required.--Not later than 90 days after the date 
     of the enactment of this Act,

[[Page S4107]]

     the Security Executive Agent shall submit to congressional 
     defense and intelligence committees a report on the 
     requirements, feasibility, and advisability of implementing a 
     clearance in person concept as described in subsection (b) 
     for maintaining access to classified information.
       (b) Clearance in Person Concept.--
       (1) In general.--Implementation of a clearance in person 
     concept as described in this subsection would permit an 
     individual who has been granted a national security clearance 
     to maintain eligibility for access to classified information, 
     networks, and facilities after the individual has separated 
     from service to the Federal Government or transferred to a 
     position that no longer requires access to classified 
     information.
       (2) Recognition as current.--The concept described in 
     paragraph (1) would also ensure that, unless otherwise 
     directed by the Security Executive Agent, the individual's 
     security clearance would be recognized as current, regardless 
     of employment status, with no further need for investigation 
     or revalidation until the individual obtains a position 
     requiring access to classified information.
       (c) Contents.--The report required by subsection (a) shall 
     address the following:
       (1) Requirements for continuous vetting.
       (2) Appropriate safeguards for privacy.
       (3) An appropriate funding model.
       (4) Fairness to small business concerns and independent 
     contractors.
       (d) Security Executive Agent.--In this section, the term 
     ``Security Executive Agent'' means the Director of National 
     Intelligence acting as the Security Executive Agent in 
     accordance with Executive Order 13467 (73 Fed. Reg. 38103; 50 
     U.S.C. 3161 note).

     SEC. 937. STRATEGIC DEFENSE FELLOWS PROGRAM.

       (a) Fellowship Program.--
       (1) In general.--Not later than one year after the date of 
     the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall 
     establish within the Department of Defense a civilian 
     fellowship program designed to provide leadership development 
     and the commencement of a career track toward senior 
     leadership in the Department.
       (2) Designation.--The fellowship program shall be known as 
     the ``Strategic Defense Fellows Program'' (in this section 
     referred to as the ``fellows program'').
       (b) Eligibility.--An individual is eligible for 
     participation in the fellows program if the individual--
       (1) is a citizen of the United States or a lawful permanent 
     resident of the United States in the year in which the 
     individual applies for participation in the fellows program; 
     and
       (2) either--
       (A) possesses a graduate degree from an accredited 
     institution of higher education in the United States that was 
     awarded not later than two years before the date of the 
     acceptance of the individual into the fellows program; or
       (B) will be awarded a graduate degree from an accredited 
     institution of higher education in the United States not 
     later than six months after the date of the acceptance of the 
     individual into the fellows program.
       (c) Application.--
       (1) Application required.--Each individual seeking to 
     participate in the fellows program shall submit to the 
     Secretary an application therefor at such time and in such 
     manner as the Secretary shall specify.
       (2) Elements.--Each application of an individual under this 
     subsection shall include the following:
       (A) Transcripts of educational achievement at the 
     undergraduate and graduate level.
       (B) A resume.
       (C) Proof of citizenship or lawful permanent residence.
       (D) An endorsement from the applicant's graduate 
     institution of higher education.
       (E) An academic writing sample.
       (F) Letters of recommendation addressing the applicant's 
     character, academic ability, and any extracurricular 
     activities.
       (G) A personal statement by the applicant explaining career 
     areas of interest and motivations for service in the 
     Department.
       (H) Such other information as the Secretary considers 
     appropriate.
       (d) Selection.--
       (1) In general.--Each year, the Secretary shall select 
     participants in the fellows program from among applicants for 
     the fellows program for such year who qualify for 
     participation in the fellows program based on character, 
     commitment to public service, academic achievement, 
     extracurricular activities, and such other qualifications for 
     participation in the fellows program as the Secretary 
     considers appropriate.
       (2) Number.--The number of individuals selected to 
     participate in the fellows program in any year may not exceed 
     the numbers as follows:
       (A) Ten individuals from each geographic region of the 
     United States as follows:
       (i) The Northeast.
       (ii) The Southeast.
       (iii) The Midwest.
       (iv) The Southwest.
       (v) The West.
       (B) Ten additional individuals.
       (3) Background investigation.--An individual selected to 
     participate in the fellows program may not participate in the 
     program unless the individual successfully undergoes a 
     background investigation applicable to the position to which 
     the individual will be assigned under the fellows program and 
     otherwise meets such requirements applicable to assignment to 
     a sensitive position within the Department that the Secretary 
     considers appropriate.
       (e) Assignment.--
       (1) In general.--Each individual who participates in the 
     fellows program shall be assigned to a position in the Office 
     of the Secretary of Defense.
       (2) Position requirements.--Each Under Secretary of Defense 
     and each Director of a Defense Agency who reports directly to 
     the Secretary shall submit to the Secretary each year the 
     qualifications and skills to be demonstrated by participants 
     in the fellows program to qualify for assignment under this 
     subsection for service in a position of the office of such 
     Under Secretary or Director.
       (3) Assignment to positions.--The Secretary shall each year 
     assign participants in the fellows program to positions in 
     the offices of the Under Secretaries and Directors described 
     in paragraph (2). In making such assignments, the Secretary 
     shall seek to best match the qualifications and skills of 
     participants in the fellows program with the requirements of 
     positions available for assignment. Each participant so 
     assigned shall serve as a special assistant to the Under 
     Secretary or Director to whom assigned.
       (4) Term.--The term of each assignment under the fellows 
     program shall be one year.
       (5) Pay and benefits.--An individual assigned to a position 
     under the fellows program shall be compensated at the rate of 
     compensation for employees at level GS-10 of the General 
     Schedule, and shall be treated as an employee of the United 
     States during the term of assignment, including for purposes 
     of eligibility for health care benefits and retirement 
     benefits available to employees of the United States.
       (6) Education loan repayment.--To the extent that funds are 
     provided in advance in appropriations Acts, the Secretary may 
     repay any loan of a participant in the fellows program if the 
     loan is described by subparagraph (A), (B), or (C) of section 
     16301(a)(1) of title 10, United States Code. Any repayment of 
     loans under this paragraph shall be on a first-come, first-
     served basis.
       (f) Career Development.--
       (1) In general.--The Secretary shall ensure that 
     participants in the fellows program--
       (A) receive opportunities and support appropriate for the 
     commencement of a career track within the Department leading 
     toward a future position of senior leadership within the 
     Department, including ongoing mentorship support through 
     appropriate personnel from entities within the Department 
     such as the Defense Business Board and the Defense Innovation 
     Board; and
       (B) are provided appropriate opportunities for employment 
     and advancement within the Department upon successful 
     completion of the fellows program.
       (2) Reservation of positions.--In carrying out paragraph 
     (1)(B), the Secretary shall reserve for participants who 
     successfully complete the fellows program not fewer than 30 
     positions in the excepted service within the Department that 
     are suitable for the commencement of a career track toward 
     senior leadership within the Department. Any position so 
     reserved shall not be subject to or covered by any reduction 
     in headquarters personnel required under any other provision 
     of law.
       (3) Noncompetitive appointment.--Upon the successful 
     completion of the assignment of a participant in the fellows 
     program in a position pursuant to subsection (e), the 
     Secretary may, without regard to the provisions of subchapter 
     I of chapter 33 of title 5, United States Code, appoint the 
     participant to a position reserved pursuant to paragraph (2) 
     if the Secretary determines that such appointment will 
     contribute to the development of highly qualified future 
     senior leaders for the Department.
       (4) Publication of selection.--The Secretary shall publish 
     on an Internet website of the Department available to the 
     public the names of the individuals selected to participate 
     in the fellows program.
       (g) Outreach.--The Secretary shall undertake appropriate 
     outreach to inform potential participants in the fellows 
     program of the nature and benefits of participation in the 
     fellows program.
       (h) Regulations.--The Secretary shall carry out this 
     section in accordance with such regulations as the Secretary 
     may prescribe for purposes of this section.
       (i) Funding.--Of the amounts authorized to be appropriated 
     for each fiscal year for the Department of Defense for 
     operation and maintenance, Defense-wide, $10,000,000 may be 
     available to carry out the fellows program in such fiscal 
     year.

                       Subtitle D--Other Matters

     SEC. 941. ANALYSIS OF DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE BUSINESS 
                   MANAGEMENT AND OPERATIONS DATASETS TO PROMOTE 
                   SAVINGS AND EFFICIENCIES.

       (a) In General.--The Chief Management Officer of the 
     Department of Defense shall develop a policy on analysis of 
     Department of Defense datasets on business management and 
     business operations by the public for purposes of accessing 
     data analysis capabilities that would promote savings and 
     efficiencies and otherwise enhance the utility of such 
     datasets to the Department.
       (b) Initial Discharge of Policy.--
       (1) In general.--The Chief Management Officer shall 
     commence the discharge of the policy required pursuant to 
     subsection (a) by--
       (A) identifying one or more matters--
       (i) that are of significance to the Department of Defense;
       (ii) that are currently unresolved; and
       (iii) whose resolution from a business management or 
     business operations dataset of the Department could benefit 
     from a method or technique of analysis not currently familiar 
     to the Department;
       (B) identifying between three and five business management 
     or business operations datasets of the Department not 
     currently available to the public whose evaluation could 
     result in novel data analysis solutions toward management or 
     operations problems of the Department identified by the Chief 
     Management Officer; and

[[Page S4108]]

       (C) encouraging, whether by competition or other 
     mechanisms, the evaluation of the datasets described in 
     subparagraph (B) by appropriate persons and entities in the 
     public or private sector (including academia).
       (2) Protection of security and confidentiality.--In 
     providing for the evaluation of datasets pursuant to this 
     subsection, the Chief Management Officer shall take 
     appropriate actions to protect the security and 
     confidentiality of any information contained in the dataset, 
     including through special precautions to ensure that any 
     personally identifiable information is not included and no 
     release of information will adversely affect national 
     security missions.

     SEC. 942. RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT TO ADVANCE CAPABILITIES OF 
                   THE DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE IN DATA INTEGRATION 
                   AND ADVANCED ANALYTICS IN CONNECTION WITH 
                   PERSONNEL SECURITY.

       (a) Plan Required.--The Under Secretary of Defense for 
     Intelligence shall develop a plan on research and development 
     activities to advance the capabilities of the Department of 
     Defense in data integration and advanced analytics in 
     connection with personnel security activities of the 
     Department. The plan shall, to the extent practicable, 
     provide for the leveraging of the capabilities of other 
     government entities, institutions of higher education, and 
     private sector entities with advanced, leading-edge expertise 
     in data integration and analytics applicable to the 
     challenges faced by the Department in connection with 
     personnel security.
       (b) Coordination.--Any activities under the plan may be 
     carried out in coordination with the Defense Digital Service 
     and the Defense Innovation Board.
       (c) Briefing.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
     the enactment of this Act, the Under Secretary shall provide 
     to the appropriate committees of Congress a briefing on the 
     plan.
       (d) Appropriate Committees of Congress Defined.--In this 
     section, the term ``appropriate committees of Congress'' 
     means--
       (1) the Committee on Armed Services, the Committee on 
     Appropriations, and the Select Committee on Intelligence of 
     the Senate; and
       (2) the Committee on Armed Services, the Committee on 
     Appropriations, and the Permanent Select Committee on 
     Intelligence of the House of Representatives.

                      TITLE X--GENERAL PROVISIONS

                     Subtitle A--Financial Matters

     SEC. 1001. GENERAL TRANSFER AUTHORITY.

       (a) Authority To Transfer Authorizations.--
       (1) Authority.--Upon determination by the Secretary of 
     Defense that such action is necessary in the national 
     interest, the Secretary may transfer amounts of 
     authorizations made available to the Department of Defense in 
     this division for fiscal year 2019 between any such 
     authorizations for that fiscal year (or any subdivisions 
     thereof). Amounts of authorizations so transferred shall be 
     merged with and be available for the same purposes as the 
     authorization to which transferred.
       (2) Limitation.--Except as provided in paragraph (3), the 
     total amount of authorizations that the Secretary may 
     transfer under the authority of this section may not exceed 
     $4,500,000,000.
       (3) Exception for transfers between military personnel 
     authorizations.--A transfer of funds between military 
     personnel authorizations under title IV shall not be counted 
     toward the dollar limitation in paragraph (2).
       (b) Limitations.--The authority provided by subsection (a) 
     to transfer authorizations--
       (1) may only be used to provide authority for items that 
     have a higher priority than the items from which authority is 
     transferred; and
       (2) may not be used to provide authority for an item that 
     has been denied authorization by Congress.
       (c) Effect on Authorization Amounts.--A transfer made from 
     one account to another under the authority of this section 
     shall be deemed to increase the amount authorized for the 
     account to which the amount is transferred by an amount equal 
     to the amount transferred.
       (d) Notice to Congress.--The Secretary shall promptly 
     notify Congress of each transfer made under subsection (a).

     SEC. 1002. INCLUSION OF FUNDS FOR AIR FORCE PASS-THROUGH 
                   ITEMS IN DEFENSE-WIDE BUDGET FOR THE DEPARTMENT 
                   OF DEFENSE.

       (a) In General.--In any budget of the President submitted 
     to Congress pursuant to section 1105(a) of title 31, United 
     States Code, for a fiscal year after fiscal year 2019, any 
     funds for an Air Force pass-through item shall be requested 
     in the Defense-wide budget of the Department of Defense 
     rather than the budget of the Air Force.
       (b) Air Force Pass-through Item Defined.--In this section, 
     the term ``Air Force pass-through item'' means a program, 
     project, or activity for which--
       (1) funds would otherwise be requested for the Air Force; 
     and
       (2) funds made available for execution will be executed by 
     another department, agency, or element of the Department of 
     Defense.

     SEC. 1003. REPORT ON SHIFT IN REQUESTS FOR FUNDS FOR 
                   DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE ACTIVITIES FROM FUNDS FOR 
                   OVERSEAS CONTINGENCY OPERATIONS TO FUNDS 
                   THROUGH THE BASE BUDGET.

       (a) Report Required.--Not later than 14 days after the 
     submittal to Congress of the budget of the President for 
     fiscal year 2020 pursuant to section 1105 of title 31, United 
     States Code, the Under Secretary of Defense (Comptroller) 
     shall submit to the congressional defense committees a report 
     on any shift during fiscal year 2020 from requests for funds 
     for Department of Defense activities for overseas contingency 
     operations to requests for funds for such activities for the 
     Department generally (commonly referred to as the ``base 
     budget'').
       (b) Elements.--The report required by subsection (a) shall 
     include the following:
       (1) A description of the assumptions used by the Department 
     of Defense and the Armed Forces in determining the programs, 
     projects, and activities for which funds were requested for 
     fiscal year 2019 for overseas contingency operations for 
     which funds are requested for fiscal year 2020 for the 
     Department generally, including any changes to the criteria 
     for overseas contingency operations funding requests issued 
     in 2010 and used by the Office of Management and Budget in 
     identifying the programs, projects, and activities for which 
     funds are so requested for fiscal year 2020.
       (2) The programs, projects, and activities of the 
     Department for which funds were requested for fiscal year 
     2019 for overseas contingency operations that are requested 
     in the budget for fiscal year 2020 to be funded for the 
     Department generally, and the amount for such programs, 
     projects, and activities, set forth at the level of detail as 
     follows:
       (A) For procurement, by line item.
       (B) For research, development, test, and evaluation, by 
     program element (PE) number.
       (C) For operation and maintenance, by sub-activity group 
     (SAG).
       (D) For military personnel, by sub-activity group.
       (E) For revolving and management funds, by sub-activity 
     group.
       (F) For military construction, by project.

     SEC. 1004. RANKING OF AUDITABILITY OF FINANCIAL STATEMENTS OF 
                   THE ORGANIZATIONS AND ELEMENTS OF THE 
                   DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE.

       (a) Report on Ranking.--Not later than 90 days after the 
     date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense 
     shall, in coordination with the Under Secretary of Defense 
     (Comptroller), submit to the congressional defense committees 
     a report setting forth a ranking of the auditability of the 
     financial statements of the departments, agencies, 
     organizations, and elements of the Department of Defense 
     according to the progress made toward achieving auditability 
     as required by law.
       (b) Criteria for Ranking.--The criteria to be used for 
     ranking for purposes of the report under this section shall 
     be--
       (1) the criteria developed by the Under Secretary pursuant 
     to section 1104 of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
     Fiscal Year 2018 (Public Law 115-91) for a similar report 
     under that section;
       (2) other criteria developed by the Under Secretary for 
     purposes of the report under this section; or
       (3) a combination of the criteria described in paragraphs 
     (1) and (2).
       (c) Construction.--The report required by this section is 
     in addition to the report required by section 1104 of the 
     National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2018.

     SEC. 1005. TRANSPARENCY OF ACCOUNTING FIRMS USED TO SUPPORT 
                   DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE AUDIT.

       The Secretary of Defense shall require any accounting firm 
     under contract or under consideration for a contract or for 
     the renewal of an existing contract with the Department of 
     Defense in support of the audit required under section 3521 
     of title 31, United States Code, to provide a statement 
     setting forth the details of any disciplinary proceedings 
     with respect to the accounting firm or its associated persons 
     before any entity with the authority to enforce compliance 
     with rules or laws applying to audit services offered by 
     accounting firms.

                Subtitle B--Naval Vessels and Shipyards

     SEC. 1011. DATE OF LISTING OF VESSELS AS BATTLE FORCE SHIPS 
                   IN THE NAVAL VESSEL REGISTER AND OTHER FLEET 
                   INVENTORY MEASURES.

       (a) In General.--Section 7301 of title 10, United States 
     Code, is amended--
       (1) by redesignating subsection (c) as subsection (d); and
       (2) by inserting after subsection (b) the following new 
     subsection (c):
       ``(c) Listing as Battle Force Ship in Naval Vessel 
     Register.--A covered vessel may not be listed in the Naval 
     Vessel Register or other fleet inventory measures as a battle 
     force ship until the delivery date specified in subsection 
     (a).''.
       (b) Definitions.--Such section is further amended by 
     striking subsection (d), as redesignated by subsection (a)(1) 
     of this section, and inserting the following new subsection:
       ``(d) Definitions.--In this section:
       ``(1) The term `covered vessel' means any vessel of the 
     Navy that is under construction or constructed using amounts 
     authorized to be appropriated for the Department of Defense 
     for shipbuilding and conversion, Navy.
       ``(2) The term `battle force ship' means the following:
       ``(A) A commissioned United States Ship warship capable of 
     contributing to combat operations.
       ``(B) A United States Naval Ship that contributes directly 
     to Navy warfighting or support missions.''.

     SEC. 1012. ANNUAL REPORTS ON EXAMINATION OF NAVY VESSELS.

       Section 7304 of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
     adding at the end the following new subsection:
       ``(d) Annual Report.--
       ``(1) In general.--Not later than March 1 each year, the 
     board designated under subsection (a) shall submit to the 
     congressional defense committees a report setting forth the 
     following:
       ``(A) An overall narrative summary of the material 
     readiness of Navy ships as compared to established material 
     requirements standards.

[[Page S4109]]

       ``(B) The overall number and types of vessels inspected 
     during the preceding fiscal year.
       ``(C) For in-service vessels, material readiness trends by 
     inspected functional area as compared to the previous five 
     years.
       ``(2) Form.--Each report under this subsection shall be 
     submitted in an unclassified form that is releasable to the 
     public without further redaction.
       ``(3) Termination.--No report shall be required under this 
     subsection after October 1, 2021.''.

     SEC. 1013. LIMITATION ON DURATION OF HOMEPORTING OF CERTAIN 
                   VESSELS IN FOREIGN LOCATIONS.

       (a) Limitation.--
       (1) In general.--Chapter 633 of title 10, United States 
     Code, is amended by inserting after section 7310 the 
     following new section:

     ``Sec. 7310a. Homeporting of certain vessels in overseas 
       locations: limitation on duration

       ``(a) In General.--A vessel specified in subsection (b) 
     that is listed in the Naval Vessel Register may not be 
     homeported in a location other than in the United States or 
     Guam for a period of more than 10 consecutive years.
       ``(b) Specified Vessels.--The vessels specified in this 
     subsection are the following:
       ``(1) Aircraft carrier.
       ``(2) Amphibious ship.
       ``(3) Cruiser.
       ``(4) Destroyer.
       ``(5) Frigate.
       ``(c) Waiver.--
       ``(1) In general.--The Chief of Naval Operations may waive 
     the applicability of subsection (a) to a ship.
       ``(2) Effectiveness contingent on report.--A waiver under 
     paragraph (1) with respect to a ship shall go into effect on 
     the date on which the Chief of Naval Operations submits to 
     the congressional defense committees a report on the waiver 
     setting forth the following:
       ``(A) The ship covered by the waiver.
       ``(B) The duration of the waiver for such ship
       ``(C) The justification of the Chief of Naval Operations 
     for the waiver.''.
       (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at the 
     beginning of chapter 633 of such title is amended by 
     inserting after the item relating to section 7310 the 
     following new item:

``7310a. Homeporting of certain vessels in overseas locations: 
              limitation on duration.''.
       (b) Effective Date.--The amendments made by this section 
     shall take effect on October 1, 2020, and shall apply with 
     respect to the homeporting of vessels after that date, 
     regardless of whether the continuous period of homeporting 
     concerned commenced before that date.

     SEC. 1014. SPECIFIC AUTHORIZATION REQUIREMENT FOR NUCLEAR 
                   REFUELING OF AIRCRAFT CARRIERS.

       (a) In General.--Chapter 633 of title 10, United States 
     Code, is amended by inserting after section 7314 the 
     following new section:

     ``Sec. 7314a. Nuclear refueling of aircraft carriers: 
       specific authorization required

       ``Funds may not be obligated or expended for the 
     procurement of a naval nuclear reactor power unit or 
     associated reactor components for the nuclear refueling of an 
     aircraft carrier unless such refueling is specifically 
     authorized, by ship name and hull number, by statute.''.
       (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the 
     beginning of chapter 633 of such title is amended by 
     inserting after the item relating to section 7314 the 
     following new item:

``7314a. Nuclear refueling of aircraft carriers: specific authorization 
              required.''.

     SEC. 1015. DISMANTLEMENT AND DISPOSAL OF NUCLEAR-POWERED 
                   AIRCRAFT CARRIERS.

       (a) In General.--Chapter 633 of title 10, United States 
     Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new 
     section:

     ``Sec. 7320. Nuclear-powered aircraft carriers: dismantlement 
       and disposal

       ``(a) In General.--Not less than 90 days before the award 
     of a contract for the dismantlement and disposal of a 
     nuclear-powered aircraft carrier, or the provision of funds 
     to a naval shipyard for the dismantlement and disposal of a 
     nuclear-powered aircraft carrier, the Secretary of the Navy 
     shall submit to the congressional defense committees a report 
     setting forth the following:
       ``(1) A cost and schedule baseline for the dismantlement 
     and disposal approved by the service acquisition executive of 
     the Department of the Navy and the Chief of Naval Operations.
       ``(2) An independent cost estimate of the dismantlement and 
     disposal prepared by the Office of Cost Analysis and Program 
     Evaluation.
       ``(3) A description of the regulatory framework applicable 
     to the management of radioactive materials in connection with 
     the dismantlement and disposal, including, in cases in which 
     the Navy intends to have another government entity serve as 
     the regulatory enforcement authority--
       ``(A) a certification from that entity of its agreement to 
     serve as the regulatory enforcement authority; and
       ``(B) a description of the legal basis for the authority of 
     that entity to serve as the regulatory enforcement authority.
       ``(b) Supplemental Information With Budgets.--In the 
     materials submitted to Congress by the Secretary of Defense 
     in support of the budget of the President for a fiscal year 
     (as submitted to Congress under section 1105(a) of title 31), 
     the Secretary of the Navy shall include information on each 
     dismantlement and disposal of a nuclear-powered aircraft 
     carrier occurring or planned to occur during the period of 
     the future-years defense program submitted to Congress with 
     that budget. Such information shall include, by ship 
     concerned, the following:
       ``(1) A summary of activities and significant developments 
     in connection with such dismantlement and disposal.
       ``(2) If applicable, a detailed description of cost and 
     schedule performance against the baseline for such 
     dismantlement and disposal established pursuant to subsection 
     (a), including a description of and explanation for any 
     variance from such baseline.
       ``(3) A description of the amounts requested, or intended 
     or estimated to be requested, for such dismantlement and 
     disposal for each of the following:
       ``(A) Each fiscal year covered by the future-years defense 
     program.
       ``(B) Any fiscal years before the fiscal years covered by 
     the future-years defense program.
       ``(C) Any fiscal years after the end of the period of the 
     future-years defense program.
       ``(c) Future-years Defense Program Defined.--In this 
     section, the term `future-years defense program' means the 
     future-years defense program required by section 221 of this 
     title.''.
       (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the 
     beginning of chapter 633 of such title is amended by adding 
     at the end the following new item:

``7320. Nuclear-powered aircraft carriers; dismantlement and 
              disposal.''.

     SEC. 1016. NATIONAL DEFENSE SEALIFT FUND.

       Section 2218(f)(3)(C) of title 10, United States Code, is 
     amended by striking ``two foreign constructed ships'' and 
     inserting ``seven foreign constructed ships during the period 
     beginning with fiscal year 2019 and ending with fiscal year 
     2030''.

     SEC. 1017. LIMITATION ON USE OF FUNDS FOR RETIREMENT OF 
                   HOSPITAL SHIPS.

       (a) Limitation.--Except as provided in subsection (b), none 
     of the funds authorized to be appropriated by this Act or 
     otherwise made available for fiscal year 2019 for the Navy 
     may be obligated or expended to retire, prepare to retire, 
     transfer, or place in storage any hospital ship.
       (b) Waiver.--The Secretary of the Navy may waive the 
     limitation in subsection (a) with respect to a hospital ship 
     if the Secretary certifies to the congressional defense 
     committees that the Secretary has--
       (1) identified a replacement capability, and the necessary 
     quantity of systems, to meet all hospital ship requirements 
     of the combatant commands that are currently being met by 
     such hospital ship;
       (2) achieved initial operational capability of all systems 
     described in paragraph (1); and
       (3) deployed a sufficient quantity of systems described in 
     paragraph (1) that have achieved initial operational 
     capability in order to continue to meet or exceed all 
     requirements of the combatant commands that are currently 
     being met by such hospital ship.

                      Subtitle C--Counterterrorism

     SEC. 1021. EXTENSION OF PROHIBITION ON USE OF FUNDS FOR 
                   TRANSFER OR RELEASE OF INDIVIDUALS DETAINED AT 
                   UNITED STATES NAVAL STATION, GUANTANAMO BAY, 
                   CUBA, TO THE UNITED STATES.

       Section 1033 of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
     Fiscal Year 2018 (Public Law 115-91) is amended by striking 
     ``December 31, 2018'' and inserting ``December 31, 2019''.

     SEC. 1022. EXTENSION OF PROHIBITION ON USE OF FUNDS TO 
                   CONSTRUCT OR MODIFY FACILITIES IN THE UNITED 
                   STATES TO HOUSE DETAINEES TRANSFERRED FROM 
                   UNITED STATES NAVAL STATION, GUANTANAMO BAY, 
                   CUBA.

       Section 1034(a) of the National Defense Authorization Act 
     for Fiscal Year 2018 (Public Law 115-91) is amended by 
     striking ``December 31, 2018'' and inserting ``December 31, 
     2019''.

     SEC. 1023. EXTENSION OF PROHIBITION ON USE OF FUNDS FOR 
                   TRANSFER OR RELEASE OF INDIVIDUALS DETAINED AT 
                   UNITED STATES NAVAL STATION, GUANTANAMO BAY, 
                   CUBA, TO CERTAIN COUNTRIES.

       Section 1035 of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
     Fiscal Year 2018 (Public Law 115-91) is amended by striking 
     ``December 31, 2018'' and inserting ``December 31, 2019''.

     SEC. 1024. EXTENSION OF PROHIBITION ON USE OF FUNDS TO CLOSE 
                   OR RELINQUISH CONTROL OF UNITED STATES NAVAL 
                   STATION, GUANTANAMO BAY, CUBA.

       Section 1036 of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
     Fiscal Year 2018 (Public Law 115-91) is amended inserting 
     ``or 2019'' after ``fiscal year 2018''.

     SEC. 1025. AUTHORITY TO TRANSFER INDIVIDUALS DETAINED AT 
                   UNITED STATES NAVAL STATION, GUANTANAMO BAY, 
                   CUBA, TO THE UNITED STATES TEMPORARILY FOR 
                   EMERGENCY OR CRITICAL MEDICAL TREATMENT.

       (a) Temporary Transfer for Medical Treatment.--
     Notwithstanding section 1033 of the National Defense 
     Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2018 (Public Law 115-91), 
     as amended by section 1021 of this Act, or any similar 
     provision of law enacted after September 30, 2015, the 
     Secretary of Defense may, after consultation with the 
     Secretary of Homeland Security, temporarily transfer an 
     individual detained at Guantanamo to a Department of Defense 
     medical facility in the United States for the sole purpose of 
     providing the individual medical treatment if the Secretary 
     of Defense determines that--
       (1) the medical treatment of the individual is necessary to 
     prevent death or imminent significant injury or harm to the 
     health of the individual;
       (2) the necessary medical treatment is not available to be 
     provided at United States Naval Station, Guantanamo Bay, 
     Cuba, without incurring excessive and unreasonable costs; and

[[Page S4110]]

       (3) the Department of Defense has provided for appropriate 
     security measures for the custody and control of the 
     individual during any period in which the individual is 
     temporarily in the United States under this section.
       (b) Limitation on Exercise of Authority.--The authority of 
     the Secretary of Defense under subsection (a) may be 
     exercised only by the Secretary of Defense or another 
     official of the Department of Defense at the level of Under 
     Secretary of Defense or higher.
       (c) Conditions of Transfer.--An individual who is 
     temporarily transferred under the authority in subsection (a) 
     shall--
       (1) while in the United States, remain in the custody and 
     control of the Secretary of Defense at all times; and
       (2) be returned to United States Naval Station, Guantanamo 
     Bay, Cuba, as soon as feasible after a Department of Defense 
     physician determines, in consultation with the Commander, 
     Joint Task Force-Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, that any necessary 
     follow-up medical care may reasonably be provided the 
     individual at United States Naval Station, Guantanamo Bay.
       (d) Status While in United States.--An individual who is 
     temporarily transferred under the authority in subsection 
     (a), while in the United States--
       (1) shall be deemed at all times and in all respects to be 
     in the uninterrupted custody of the Secretary of Defense, as 
     though the individual remained physically at United States 
     Naval Station, Guantanamo Bay, Cuba;
       (2) shall not at any time be subject to, and may not apply 
     for or obtain, or be deemed to enjoy, any right, privilege, 
     status, benefit, or eligibility for any benefit under any 
     provision of the immigration laws (as defined in section 
     101(a)(17) of the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 
     1101(a)(17)), or any other law or regulation;
       (3) shall not be permitted to avail himself of any right, 
     privilege, or benefit of any law of the United States beyond 
     those available to individuals detained at United States 
     Naval Station, Guantanamo Bay; and
       (4) shall not, as a result of such transfer, have a change 
     in any designation that may have attached to that detainee 
     while detained at United States Naval Station, Guantanamo 
     Bay, pursuant to the Authorization for Use of Military Force 
     (Public Law 107-40), as determined in accordance with 
     applicable law and regulations.
       (e) No Cause of Action.--Any decision to transfer or not to 
     transfer an individual made under the authority in subsection 
     (a) shall not give rise to any claim or cause of action.
       (f) Limitation on Judicial Review.--
       (1) Limitation.--Except as provided in paragraph (2), no 
     court, justice, or judge shall have jurisdiction to hear or 
     consider any claim or action against the United States or its 
     departments, agencies, officers, employees, or agents arising 
     from or relating to any aspect of the detention, transfer, 
     treatment, or conditions of confinement of an individual 
     transferred under this section.
       (2) Exception for habeas corpus.--The United States 
     District Court for the District of Columbia shall have 
     exclusive jurisdiction to consider an application for writ of 
     habeas corpus seeking release from custody filed by or on 
     behalf of an individual who is in the United States pursuant 
     to a temporary transfer under the authority in subsection 
     (a). Such jurisdiction shall be limited to that required by 
     the Constitution, and relief shall be only as provided in 
     paragraph (3). In such a proceeding the court may not review, 
     halt, or stay the return of the individual who is the object 
     of the application to United States Naval Station, Guantanamo 
     Bay, Cuba, pursuant to subsection (c).
       (3) Relief.--A court order in a proceeding covered by 
     paragraph (2)--
       (A) may not order the release of the individual within the 
     United States; and
       (B) shall be limited to an order of release from custody 
     which, when final, the Secretary of Defense shall implement 
     in accordance with section 1034 of the National Defense 
     Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2016 (10 U.S.C. 801 note).
       (g) Notification.--Whenever a temporary transfer of an 
     individual detained at Guantanamo is made under the authority 
     of subsection (a), the Secretary of Defense shall notify the 
     Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of 
     Representatives of the transfer not later than five days 
     after the date on which the transfer is made.
       (h) Individual Detained at Guantanamo Defined.--In this 
     section, the term ``individual detained at Guantanamo'' means 
     an individual located at United States Naval Station, 
     Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, as of October 1, 2009, who--
       (1) is not a national of the United States (as defined in 
     section 101(a)(22) of the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 
     U.S.C. 1101(a)(22)) or a member of the Armed Forces of the 
     United States; and
       (2) is--
       (A) in the custody or under the control of the Department 
     of Defense; or
       (B) otherwise detained at United States Naval Station, 
     Guantanamo Bay.
       (i) Applicability.--This section shall apply to an 
     individual temporarily transferred under the authority in 
     subsection (a) regardless of the status of any pending or 
     completed proceeding or detention on the date of the 
     enactment of this Act.

         Subtitle D--Miscellaneous Authorities and Limitations

     SEC. 1031. STRATEGIC GUIDANCE DOCUMENTS WITHIN THE DEPARTMENT 
                   OF DEFENSE.

       Section 113(g) of title 10, United States Code, is amended 
     by striking paragraphs (2) through (4) and inserting the 
     following new paragraphs (2) through (4):
       ``(2)(A) In implementing the requirement in paragraph (1), 
     the Secretary, with the advice of the Chairman of the Joint 
     Chiefs of Staff, shall each year provide to the officials and 
     officers referred in paragraph (1)(A), and submit to the 
     congressional defense committees, written guidance (to be 
     known as `Defense Planning Guidance') establishing goals, 
     priorities, and objectives, including fiscal constraints, to 
     direct the preparation and review of the program and budget 
     recommendations of all elements of the Department, 
     including--
       ``(i) the priority military missions of the Department, 
     including the assumed force planning scenarios and 
     constructs;
       ``(ii) the force size and shape, force posture, defense 
     capabilities, force readiness, infrastructure, organization, 
     personnel, technological innovation, and other elements of 
     the defense program necessary to support the strategy 
     required by paragraph (1);
       ``(iii) the resource levels projected to be available for 
     the period of time for which such recommendations and 
     proposals are to be effective; and
       ``(iv) a discussion of any changes in the strategy required 
     by paragraph (1) and assumptions underpinning the strategy, 
     as required by paragraph (1).
       ``(B) The guidance required by this paragraph shall be 
     produced in February each year in order to support the 
     planning and budget process. The guidance shall be submitted 
     to the congressional defense committees together with the 
     budget of the President (as submitted to Congress pursuant to 
     section 1105(a) of title 31) for the fiscal year beginning in 
     the year in which such guidance is submitted.
       ``(3)(A) In implementing the requirement in paragraph (1) 
     and in conjunction with the reporting requirement in section 
     2687a of this title, the Secretary, with the approval of the 
     President and the advice of the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs 
     of Staff, shall, on the basis provided in subparagraph (E), 
     provide to the officials and officers referred to in 
     paragraph (1)(A), and submit to the congressional defense 
     committees, written guidance (to be known as `Contingency 
     Planning Guidance' or `Guidance for Employment of the Force') 
     on the preparation and review of contingency and campaign 
     plans, including plans for providing support to civil 
     authorities in an incident of national significance or a 
     catastrophic incident, for homeland defense, and for military 
     support to civil authorities.
       ``(B) The guidance required by this paragraph shall include 
     the following:
       ``(i) A description of the manner in which limited existing 
     forces and resources shall be prioritized and apportioned to 
     achieve the objectives described in the strategy required by 
     paragraph (1).
       ``(ii) A description of the relative priority of 
     contingency and campaign plans, specific force levels, and 
     supporting resource levels projected to be available for the 
     period of time for which such plans are to be effective.
       ``(C) The guidance required by this paragraph shall include 
     the following:
       ``(i) Prioritized global, regional, and functional policy 
     objectives that the armed forces should plan to achieve, 
     including plans for deliberate and contingency scenarios.
       ``(ii) Policy and strategic assumptions that should guide 
     military planning, including the role of foreign partners.
       ``(iii) Guidance on global posture and global force 
     management.
       ``(iv) Security cooperation priorities.
       ``(v) Specific guidance on United States and Department 
     nuclear policy.
       ``(D) The guidance required by this paragraph shall be the 
     primary source document to be used by the Chairman of the 
     Joint Chiefs of Staff in--
       ``(i) executing the global military integration 
     responsibilities described in section 153 of this title; and
       ``(ii) developing implementation guidance for the Joint 
     Chiefs of Staff and the commanders of the combatant commands.
       ``(E) The guidance required by this paragraph shall be 
     produced every two years, or more frequently as needed.
       ``(F) The guidance required by this paragraph shall be 
     submitted to the congressional defense committees as required 
     by subparagraph (A) in February of each year in which 
     produced, and shall be accompanied by any written 
     implementation documentation produced by the Chairman of the 
     Joint Chiefs of Staff for purposes of such guidance.
       ``(4)(A) In implementing the requirement in paragraph (1), 
     the Secretary, with the advice of the Chairman of the Joint 
     Chiefs of Staff, shall each year produce, and submit to the 
     congressional defense committee, a report (to be known as the 
     `Global Defense Posture Report') that shall include the 
     following:
       ``(i) A description of major changes to United States 
     forces, capabilities, and equipment assigned and allocated 
     outside the United States, focused on significant 
     alterations, additions, or reductions to such global defense 
     posture that are required to execute the strategy and plans 
     of the Department.
       ``(ii) A description of the supporting network of 
     infrastructure, facilities, pre-positioned stocks, and war 
     reserve materiel required for execution of major contingency 
     plans of the Department.
       ``(iii) A list of all enduring locations, including main 
     operating bases, forward operating sites, and cooperative 
     security locations.
       ``(iv) A description of the status of treaty, access, cost-
     sharing, and status-protection agreements with foreign 
     nations.
       ``(v) A summary of the priority posture initiatives for 
     each region by the commanders of the combatant commands.
       ``(vi) For each military department, a summary of the 
     implications for overseas posture of any force structure 
     changes.

[[Page S4111]]

       ``(vii) A description of the costs incurred outside the 
     United States during the preceding fiscal year in connection 
     with operating, maintaining, and supporting United States 
     forces outside the United States for each military 
     department, broken out by country, and whether for operation 
     and maintenance, infrastructure, or transportation.
       ``(viii) A description of the amount of direct support for 
     the stationing of United States forces provided by each host 
     nation during the preceding fiscal year.
       ``(B) The report required by this paragraph shall be 
     submitted to the congressional defense committees as required 
     by subparagraph (A) by not later than April 30 each year.
       ``(C) In this paragraph, the term `United States', when 
     used in a geographic sense, includes the territories and 
     possessions of the United States''.

     SEC. 1032. GUIDANCE ON THE ELECTRONIC WARFARE MISSION AREA 
                   AND JOINT ELECTROMAGNETIC SPECTRUM OPERATIONS.

       (a) Processes and Procedures for Integration.--The 
     Secretary of Defense shall--
       (1) establish processes and procedures to develop, 
     integrate, and enhance the electronic warfare mission area 
     and the conduct of joint electromagnetic spectrum operations 
     in all domains across the Department of Defense; and
       (2) ensure that such processes and procedures provide for 
     integrated defense-wide strategy, planning, and budgeting 
     with respect to the conduct of such operations by the 
     Department, including activities conducted to counter and 
     deter such operations by malign actors.
       (b) Designated Senior Official.--
       (1) In general.--The Secretary shall designate a senior 
     official of the Department of Defense (in this section 
     referred to as the ``designated senior official'') who shall 
     implement and oversee the processes and procedures 
     established under subsection (a). The designated senior 
     official shall be designated by the Secretary from among 
     individuals serving in the Department at or below the level 
     of Under Secretary of Defense. The designated senior official 
     shall oversee and chair the cross-functional team established 
     pursuant to subsection (c) and the Electronic Warfare 
     Executive Committee established in March 2015.
       (2) Responsibilities.--The designated senior official shall 
     have, with respect to the implementation and oversight of the 
     processes and procedures established under subsection (a), 
     the following responsibilities:
       (A) Development of a strategic framework for the conduct 
     and execution of the electronic warfare mission area and 
     joint electromagnetic spectrum operations by the Department, 
     coordinated across all relevant elements of the Department, 
     including both near-term and long-term guidance for the 
     conduct of such operations.
       (B) Oversight of resource management for the development 
     and integration of electronic warfare capabilities of the 
     Department.
       (3) Annual certification on budgeting for certain 
     capabilities.--Each budget for fiscal years 2020 through 2024 
     submitted by the President to Congress pursuant to section 
     1105(a) of title 31, United States Code, shall include a 
     certification by the senior designated official, as chair of 
     the Electronic Warfare Executive Committee, whether 
     sufficient funds are requested in such budget for anticipated 
     activities in such fiscal year for each of the following:
       (A) The development of an Electromagnetic Battle Management 
     capability for joint electromagnetic spectrum operations.
       (B) The establishment and operation of associated Joint 
     Electromagnetic Spectrum Operations cells.
       (c) Cross-functional Team for Electronic Warfare.--
       (1) Establishment required.--The Secretary shall, in 
     accordance with section 911(c) of the National Defense 
     Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328; 
     130 Stat. 2345; 10 U.S.C. 111 note), establish a cross-
     functional team for electronic warfare in order to identify 
     gaps in electronic warfare capabilities and capacities within 
     the Department across personnel, procedural, and equipment 
     areas.
       (2) Specific duties.--The cross-functional team established 
     pursuant to paragraph (1) shall provide recommendations to 
     address gaps identified as described in that paragraph to the 
     senior designated official.
       (d) Plans and Requirements for Electronic Warfare.--
       (1) In general.--The Secretary shall require the designated 
     senior official to task the cross-functional team established 
     pursuant to subsection (c) to develop requirements and 
     specific plans for addressing personnel and capability gaps 
     in the electronic warfare mission area, and plans for future 
     warfare in that domain (including a roadmap for the next five 
     years).
       (2) Update of strategy.--Not later than 180 days after the 
     date of the enactment of this Act, the cross-functional team 
     shall--
       (A) update the strategy of the Department of Defense titled 
     ``The DOD Electronic Warfare Strategy'' and dated June 2017 
     to include the roadmap referred to in paragraph (1); and
       (B) submit the updated strategy to the designated senior 
     official for transmittal to the congressional defense 
     committees.
       (3) Elements.--The requirements and plans developed by the 
     cross-functional team pursuant to paragraph (1) shall include 
     the following:
       (A) An accounting of the efforts undertaken in support of 
     the strategy referred to in paragraph (2)(A) since its 
     issuance in June 2017.
       (B) A description of any updates or changes to the strategy 
     since its issuance, and a description of any anticipated 
     updates or changes to the strategy as a result of the 
     designation of the designated senior official.
       (C) An assessment of vulnerabilities identified in the May 
     2015 Electronic Warfare assessment by the Defense Science 
     Board.
       (D) An assessment of the capability of joint forces to 
     conduct joint electromagnetic spectrum operations against 
     near-peer adversaries and any capability or capacity gaps in 
     such capability that need to be addressed, including an 
     assessment of the ability of joint forces to conduct 
     coordinated military operations to exploit, attack, protect, 
     and manage the electromagnetic environment in the Signals 
     Intelligence, Electronic Warfare, and Spectrum Management 
     mission areas.
       (E) A review of the roles of offices within the Joint 
     Staff, the Office of the Secretary of Defense, and the 
     combatant commands with primary responsibility for joint 
     electromagnetic spectrum policy and operations.
       (F) A description of any assumptions about the roles and 
     contributions of the Department, in coordination with other 
     departments and agencies of the United States Government, 
     with respect to the strategy.
       (G) A description of actions, performance metrics, and 
     projected timelines for achieving key capabilities for 
     electronic warfare and joint electromagnetic spectrum 
     operations to correspond to the four thematic goals 
     identified in the strategy and as addressed by the roadmap.
       (H) An analysis of any personnel, resourcing, capability, 
     authority, or other gaps to be addressed in order to ensure 
     effective implementation of the strategy across all relevant 
     elements of the Department, including an update on each of 
     the following:
       (i) The development of an Electromagnetic Battle Management 
     capability for joint electromagnetic spectrum operations.
       (ii) The establishment and operation of Joint 
     Electromagnetic Spectrum Operations cells at critical 
     combatant command locations.
       (I) An investment framework and projected timeline for 
     addressing any gaps described by subparagraph (H).
       (J) In consultation with the Director of the Defense 
     Intelligence Agency--
       (i) a comprehensive assessment of the electronic warfare 
     capabilities of the Russian Federation and People's Republic 
     of China;
       (ii) a review of vulnerabilities with respect to electronic 
     systems, such as the Global Positioning System, and in 
     Department-wide abilities to conduct countermeasures in 
     response to electronic warfare attacks; and
       (iii) a holistic study of all aspects of the manner in 
     which the Russian Federation and the People's Republic of 
     China develop electronic warfare doctrine, with order of 
     battle across multiple domains, and long-term research trends 
     of each country in connection with such warfare.
       (K) Such other matters as the Secretary considers 
     appropriate.
       (4) Periodic status reports.--Not later than 90 days after 
     the requirements and plans required by paragraph (1) are 
     submitted in accordance with paragraph (2), and every 90 days 
     thereafter during the three-year period beginning on the date 
     such plans and requirements are first submitted in accordance 
     with paragraph (2), the designated senior official shall 
     submit to the congressional defense committees a report 
     describing the status of the efforts of the Department in 
     accomplishing the tasks specified in subparagraphs (B) and 
     (G) of paragraph (3).
       (e) Training and Education.--Consistent with the elements 
     under subsection (d)(3) of the plans and requirements 
     required by subsection (d)(1), the cross-functional team 
     established pursuant to subsection (c) shall provide the 
     senior designated official recommendations for programs to 
     provide training and education to such members of the Armed 
     Forces and civilian employees of the Department as the 
     Secretary considers appropriate in order to ensure that such 
     members and employees understand the roles and 
     vulnerabilities associated with electronic warfare and 
     dependence on the electromagnetic spectrum.

     SEC. 1033. LIMITATION ON USE OF FUNDS FOR UNITED STATES 
                   SPECIAL OPERATIONS COMMAND GLOBAL MESSAGING AND 
                   COUNTER-MESSAGING PLATFORM.

       None of the funds authorized to be appropriated by this Act 
     may be used for United States Special Operations Command's 
     Global Messaging and Counter-Messaging platform until the 
     Secretary of Defense submits to the congressional defense 
     committees a report containing the following elements:
       (1) A review of the doctrine, organization, training, 
     materiel, leadership and education, personnel and facilities 
     applicable to military information support personnel, 
     including, at a minimum--
       (A) an assessment of current doctrine, organization, 
     training, materiel, leadership and education, personnel and 
     facilities; and
       (B) recommended changes for enhancing the ability of 
     military information support personnel to operate effectively 
     in the current and future information environment.
       (2) An implementation plan for the establishment of the 
     platform, including a timeline for achieving initial and full 
     operational capability.
       (3) A description of the budget requirements for the 
     platform to reach full operational capability, including an 
     identification and cost of any infrastructure and equipment 
     requirements.
       (4) A summary of costs to operate and sustain the platform 
     across the future year's defense plan.
       (5) An explanation of the Secretary's guidance to the 
     combatant commands to ensure unity of effort and prevent the 
     proliferation of messaging and counter-messaging platforms.
       (6) A detailed description of the processes for 
     deconfliction and, where possible, integration of platform 
     planning and activities with those of relevant departments 
     and agencies of the United States Government, including the 
     Department of State's Global Engagement Center.
       (7) An identification of any additional authorities that 
     may be required for achieving full operational capability of 
     the platform.

[[Page S4112]]

       (8) Any other matters deemed relevant by the Secretary.

     SEC. 1034. SENSE OF CONGRESS ON THE BASING OF KC-46A AIRCRAFT 
                   OUTSIDE THE CONTINENTAL UNITED STATES.

       (a) Finding.--Congress finds that the Department of Defense 
     is continuing its process of permanently stationing KC-46A 
     aircraft at installations in the continental United States 
     (CONUS) and forward-basing outside the continental United 
     States (OCONUS).
       (b) Sense of Congress.--It is the sense of Congress that 
     the Secretary of the Air Force, as part of the strategic 
     basing process for KC-46A aircraft, should continue to place 
     emphasis on and consider the benefits derived from locations 
     outside the continental United States that--
       (1) support day-to-day air refueling operations, operations 
     plans of the combatant commands, and flexibility for 
     contingency operations, and have--
       (A) a strategic location that is essential to the defense 
     of the United States and its interests;
       (B) receivers for boom or probe-and-drogue training 
     opportunities with joint and international partners; and
       (C) sufficient airfield and airspace availability and 
     capacity to meet requirements; and
       (2) possess facilities that--
       (A) take full advantage of existing infrastructure to 
     provide--
       (i) runway, hangars, and aircrew and maintenance 
     operations; and
       (ii) sufficient fuels receipt, storage, and distribution 
     capacities for a 5-day peacetime operating stock; and
       (B) minimize overall construction and operational costs.

     SEC. 1035. RELINQUISHMENT OF LEGISLATIVE JURISDICTION OF 
                   CRIMINAL OFFENSES COMMITTED BY JUVENILES ON 
                   MILITARY INSTALLATIONS.

       (a) In General.--In the case of any military installation 
     or portion of a military installation of which exclusive 
     legislative jurisdiction of criminal offenses committed by 
     juveniles is retained by the United States as of the date of 
     the enactment of this Act, the Secretary concerned shall seek 
     to relinquish to the State, Commonwealth, territory, or 
     possession concerned legislative jurisdiction of such 
     offenses such that the United States and the State, 
     Commonwealth, territory, or possession, as the case may be, 
     have concurrent legislative jurisdiction of such offenses.
       (b) Manner of Relinquishment.--Legislative jurisdiction 
     shall be relinquished pursuant to subsection (a) in the 
     manner provided in section 2683(a) of title 10, United States 
     Code.
       (c) Deadline.--The Secretaries concerned shall, to the 
     extent practicable, complete relinquishment of legislative 
     jurisdiction pursuant to subsection (a) by not later than one 
     year after the date of the enactment of this Act.
       (d) Reports.--
       (1) In general.--Not later than 15 months after the date of 
     the enactment of this Act, each Secretary concerned shall 
     submit to Congress a report on the relinquishment of 
     legislative jurisdiction pursuant to subsection (a).
       (2) Elements.--The report of a Secretary under this 
     subsection shall include the following:
       (A) A list of the installations or portions of 
     installations under the jurisdiction of the Secretary of 
     which exclusive legislative jurisdiction of criminal offenses 
     committed by juveniles is retained by the United States as of 
     the date of the enactment of this Act.
       (B) A list of the installations or portions of 
     installations listed pursuant to subparagraph (A) for which 
     legislative jurisdiction was relinquished pursuant to 
     subsection (a) as of the date that is one year after the date 
     of the enactment of this Act.
       (C) A list of the installations or portions of 
     installations listed pursuant to subparagraph (A) for which 
     legislative jurisdiction was not relinquished pursuant to 
     subsection (a) as of the date that is one year after the date 
     of the enactment of this Act, and, for each such installation 
     or portion of installation, the reasons why such legislative 
     jurisdiction was not so relinquished.
       (e) Secretary Concerned Defined.--In this section, the term 
     ``Secretary concerned'' has the meaning given that term in 
     section 101(a)(9) of title 10, United States Code.

     SEC. 1036. POLICY ON RESPONSE TO JUVENILE-ON-JUVENILE ABUSE 
                   COMMITTED ON MILITARY INSTALLATIONS.

       (a) In General.--The Secretary of Defense shall establish a 
     policy, applicable across the military installations of the 
     Department of Defense (including installations outside the 
     United States), on the response of the Department to 
     allegations of juvenile-on-juvenile abuse on military 
     installations. The policy shall be designed to ensure a 
     consistent, standardized response to such allegations across 
     the Department.
       (b) Elements.--The policy required by this section shall 
     provide for the following:
       (1) Any report or other allegation of juvenile-on-juvenile 
     abuse on a military installation that is received by the 
     installation commander, a law enforcement organization, a 
     Family Advocacy Program, a chid development center, or a 
     Department school operating on the installation or otherwise 
     under Department administration for the installation shall be 
     reviewed by the Family Advocacy Program of the installation.
       (2) Personnel of Family Advocacy Programs conducting 
     reviews shall have appropriate training and experience in 
     working with juveniles.
       (3) Family Advocacy Programs conducting reviews shall 
     conduct a multi-faceted, multi-disciplinary review and 
     recommend treatment, counseling, or other appropriate 
     interventions for complainants and respondents.
       (4) Each review shall be conducted--
       (A) with full involvement of appropriate authorities and 
     entities, including parents or legal guardians of the 
     juveniles involved (if practicable); and
       (B) to the extent practicable, in a manner that protects 
     the sensitive nature of the incident concerned, using 
     language appropriate to the treatment of juveniles in written 
     policies and communication with families.
       (5) The requirement for investigation of a report or other 
     allegation shall not be deemed to terminate or alter any 
     otherwise applicable requirement to report or forward the 
     report or allegation to appropriate Federal, State, or local 
     authorities as possible criminal activity.
       (6) There shall be established and maintained a centralized 
     database of information on each incident of abuse that is 
     reviewed by a Family Advocacy Program under this section, 
     with--
       (A) the information in such database kept strictly 
     confidential; and
       (B) because the information involves alleged conduct by 
     juveniles, additional special precautions taken to ensure the 
     information is available only to persons who require access 
     to the information.
       (7) There shall be entered into the database, for each 
     substantiated or unsubstantiated incident of abuse, 
     appropriate information on the incident, including--
       (A) a description of the allegation;
       (B) whether or not the review is completed;
       (C) whether or not the incident was subject to an 
     investigation by a law enforcement organization or entity, 
     and the status and results of such investigation; and
       (D) whether or not action was taken in response to the 
     incident, and the nature of the action, if any, so taken.

                    Subtitle E--Studies and Reports

     SEC. 1041. REPORT ON HIGHEST-PRIORITY ROLES AND MISSIONS OF 
                   THE DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE AND THE ARMED FORCES.

       (a) Sense of Senate.--It is the sense of the Senate that--
       (1) the National Defense Strategy correctly characterizes 
     the leading strategic challenges facing the United States as 
     the reemergence of great power competition, the erosion of 
     the United States military technological advantage, enduring 
     violent extremism and instability in the broader Middle East 
     and Africa, and continued uncertainty in the United States 
     about the availability of sufficient resources for national 
     defense;
       (2) the National Defense Strategy correctly prioritizes the 
     development of a more lethal joint force that is ready to 
     deter and, if necessary, defeat aggression by great power 
     competitors with advanced military capabilities, while 
     conducting counterterrorism operations in a more sustainable 
     manner, together with allies and partners;
       (3) the National Defense Strategy, and the implications of 
     the Strategy for the size, structure, shape, roles, missions, 
     and employment of the joint force, was not completed in time 
     to inform fully the budget of the President for national 
     defense for fiscal year 2019;
       (4) many Department of Defense programs of record are 
     upgraded replacements of legacy systems that were not 
     premised on the assumption that future conflict could occur 
     in highly-contested environments against militarily advanced 
     near-peer rivals;
       (5) considerable growth in the size of the military will 
     not be possible without growth in the budget, because the 
     current future-years defense program assumes that defense 
     spending after fiscal year 2019 will only increase at the 
     rate of inflation, while costs for two of the largest drivers 
     of costs for the Department, namely military personnel and 
     operation and maintenance, continue to grow faster than the 
     rate of inflation;
       (6) the Senate strongly supports the pursuit by the 
     Department of budgetary savings through internal reform and 
     efficiencies, but notes that previous attempts to generate 
     additional resources through such mechanisms did not generate 
     resources as planned;
       (7) increased force modernization investments must be based 
     on a rigorous reassessment of whether current programs will 
     meet present and future warfighting requirements against 
     near-peer rivals that are making rapid military technological 
     advancements;
       (8) the Department must conduct further analytical work in 
     order--
       (A) to facilitate the implementation of the National 
     Defense Strategy, as recommended by the Commission on the 
     National Defense Strategy; and
       (B) to provide Congress with a more rigorous understanding 
     of, and justification for, future requests for resources to 
     organize, train and equip, and employ the Armed Forces; and
       (9) the Senate encourages the Secretary of Defense to 
     refine the National Defense Strategy into more specific 
     operational tasks and force planning scenarios that the joint 
     force must be ready and able to perform in order to 
     facilitate a better understanding of joint force development 
     priorities and the roles and missions of each Armed Force.
       (b) Report on Roles and Missions.--
       (1) Report required.--Not later than February 1, 2019, the 
     Secretary of Defense shall submit to the congressional 
     defense committees a report setting forth a re-evaluation of 
     the highest priority missions of the Department of Defense, 
     and of the roles of the Armed Forces in the performance of 
     such missions.
       (2) Goals.--The goals of the re-evaluation required for 
     purposes of the report shall be as follows:
       (A) To support implementation of the National Defense 
     Strategy.
       (B) To optimize the effectiveness of the joint force.
       (C) To inform the preparation of future defense program and 
     budget requests by the Secretary, and the consideration of 
     such requests by Congress.
       (c) Elements.--The report required by subsection (b) shall 
     include the following:

[[Page S4113]]

       (1) A detailed description of the pacing threats for each 
     Armed Force, and for special operations forces, and an 
     assessment of the manner in which such pacing threats 
     determine the primary role of each Armed Force, and special 
     operations forces, including the connection between key 
     operational tasks required by contingency plans.
       (2) A specific requirement for the size and composition of 
     each Armed Force, including the following:
       (A) The required total end strength and force structure by 
     type for the Army.
       (B) The required fleet size of the Navy, identified by 
     class of ships and the corresponding total end strength 
     requirement once that fleet size is achieved.
       (C) The required number of operational Air Force squadrons, 
     identified by function and the corresponding total end 
     strength requirement once that number of squadrons is 
     achieved.
       (D) The required total end strength and force structure by 
     type for the Marine Corps.
       (E) The force sizing construct used to determine the end 
     strength requirements covered by subparagraphs (A) through 
     (D), the year-by-year plan for achieving such requirements, 
     relevant force posture assumptions, and the associated 
     military personnel costs of such plan.
       (3) A re-evaluation of the roles of the Armed Forces in 
     performing low-intensity missions, such as counterterrorism 
     and security force assistance, including the following:
       (A) An assessment whether the joint force would benefit 
     from having one Armed Force dedicated primarily to low-
     intensity missions, thereby enabling the other Armed Forces 
     to focus more exclusively on advanced peer competitors.
       (B) A detailed description of, and accompanying 
     justification for, the total amount of forces required to 
     perform the security force assistance mission and the planned 
     geographic employment of such forces.
       (C) A revalidation of the Army plan to construct six 
     Security Force Assistant Brigades, and an assessment of the 
     impact, if any, of such plan on the capability of the Army to 
     perform its primary roles under the National Defense 
     Strategy.
       (D) An assessment whether the security force assistance 
     mission would be better performed by the Marine Corps, and an 
     assessment of the end strength and force composition changes, 
     if any, required for the Marine Corps to assume such mission.
       (4) A reassessment of the roles and missions of the total 
     ground forces, both Army and Marine Corps, to execute the 
     National Defense Strategy, including the following:
       (A) A detailed description of the allocation of roles for 
     the Army and Marine Corps in deterring and waging war against 
     advanced peer competitors that can complement the activities 
     and investments of each such Armed Force and optimize the 
     capabilities of each such Armed Force.
       (B) A detailed description of the appropriate balance and 
     mix of Army force structure, including light infantry, 
     mechanized infantry, armor, air defense, fires, engineers, 
     aviation, signals, and logistics, that is required to perform 
     the roles and missions of the Army against its pacing 
     threats.
       (C) A detailed description of the modernized capabilities 
     and concepts to be developed by the Army to contribute to 
     joint force operations against advanced peer competitors, 
     including the manner in which Army aviation will evolve in 
     light of unmanned aerial vehicle technology.
       (D) A revalidation of the requirement for ground force 
     modernization efforts, including the Joint Light Tactical 
     Vehicle, Future Vertical Lift, and Mobile Protected Fires, 
     that are not optimized for conflict between the United States 
     and advanced peer competitors.
       (E) A detailed description of requirements for Army forces 
     needed to support theater operations.
       (5) An assessment, based on operational plans, of the 
     ability of power projection platforms to survive and 
     effectively perform the highest priority operational missions 
     described in the National Defense Strategy, including the 
     following:
       (A) An assessment of the feasibility of the current plans 
     and investments by the Navy and Marine Corps to operate and 
     defend their sea bases in contested environments.
       (B) An assessment whether amphibious forced entry 
     operations against advanced peer competitors should remain an 
     enduring mission for the joint force considering the 
     stressing operational nature and significant resource 
     requirements of such mission.
       (C) An assessment whether a transition from large-deck 
     amphibious ships to small aircraft carriers would result in a 
     more lethal and survivable Marine Corps sea base that could 
     accommodate larger numbers of more diverse strike aircraft.
       (D) An assessment of the manner in which an acceleration of 
     development and fielding of longer-range, unmanned, carrier-
     suitable strike aircraft could better meet operational 
     requirements and alter the requirement for shorter-range, 
     manned tactical fighter aircraft.
       (E) An assessment of the manner in which the emerging 
     technology to operate large numbers of low-cost, autonomous, 
     attributable systems in the air, on and under the sea, on 
     land, and in space could change the manner in which the joint 
     force projects power globally.
       (6) An assessment, based on operational plans, of the 
     ability of manned, stealthy, penetrating strike platforms to 
     survive and perform effectively the highest priority 
     operational missions described in the National Defense 
     Strategy, including the following:
       (A) An assessment whether anticipated advances in stealth 
     technology and the employment of such technology on existing 
     or developmental systems, such as the F-35 and B-21 aircraft, 
     can be expected to outpace and overmatch adversary 
     capabilities to detect and target such systems.
       (B) An assessment of the ability of fourth generation 
     aircraft with advanced sensors and weapons to perform certain 
     missions equally or more effectively than the missions 
     assigned to, or envisioned for, fifth-generation penetrating 
     strike platforms.
       (C) An assessment of the manner in which the emerging 
     technology to operate large numbers of low-cost, autonomous, 
     attributable systems in the air, on and under the sea, on 
     land, and in space could obviate or reduce the requirement 
     for penetrating strike platforms.
       (7) A re-evaluation of the most effective and efficient 
     means for the joint force to perform the air superiority 
     mission in both contested and uncontested environments, 
     including the following:
       (A) An assessment of the ability to achieve air superiority 
     from other domains, including with land-based systems, naval 
     systems, undersea systems, space-based systems, electronic 
     warfare systems, or cyber capabilities.
       (B) A validation of the envisioned operational and cost 
     effectiveness of the Penetrating Counter-Air platform, and of 
     the requirement for developing this system as part of the Air 
     Force Next Generation Air Dominance program.
       (C) A detailed description of the optimal mix across the 
     joint force of fourth-generation and fifth-generation fighter 
     aircraft, bomber aircraft, and Next Generation Air Dominance 
     systems to fulfill operational demands for air superiority.
       (D) A detailed description of the manner in which the joint 
     force will perform the mission of light aerial attack in 
     uncontested environments to support counterterrorism and 
     security force assistance missions, and the mission of 
     countering violent extremism operations, at the lowest cost 
     to the readiness of advanced, multirole combat aircraft.
       (E) A determination of what Armed Force, in addition to the 
     Air Force, should have a role in the mission of light air 
     attack in uncontested environments.
       (8) A reevaluation of the roles and missions of the joint 
     special operations enterprise, including the following:
       (A) A detailed assessment whether the joint special 
     operations enterprise is currently performing too many 
     missions worldwide, and whether any such missions could be 
     performed adequately and more economically by conventional 
     units.
       (B) A detailed assessment whether the global allocation of 
     special operations forces, and especially the most capable 
     units, is aligned to the pacing threats and priority missions 
     of the National Defense Strategy.
       (C) A detailed description of the changes required to align 
     the joint special operations enterprise more effectively with 
     the National Defense Strategy.
       (9) An assessment of the manner in which increased use of 
     the space domain should revise or reallocate the requirements 
     of the joint force, including the following:
       (A) A detailed description of the missions, including joint 
     moving target indication, air battle management, and missile 
     and aircraft tracking and targeting, that could be performed 
     more effectively from space-based platforms due to emerging 
     technology and operational requirements.
       (B) An assessment of the manner in which the joint force 
     can take advantage of the development and deployment of 
     disaggregated commercial satellite Internet constellations to 
     replace legacy tactical communications networks and devices 
     and achieve multi-domain command and control more effectively 
     and at lower cost.
       (C) An assessment of the manner in which to ensure that the 
     joint force has access to technologies that deliver superior 
     offensive space capabilities and a maneuver advantage to and 
     within the space domain, including reusable launch systems 
     and spacecraft, on-orbit refueling and manufacturing, on-
     orbit power generation, and exploitation of space minerals 
     and propellants.
       (D) A detailed description of the actions to be taken by 
     components of the Department to promote and protect the 
     development of a licit space economy, including the 
     following:
       (i) Defense of commercial activities, facilities, and 
     claims.
       (ii) Safety of navigation.
       (iii) Rescue and recovery.
       (iv) Construction and maintenance of public works in Cis-
     Lunar Space.
       (v) Active debris remediation.
       (vi) Establishment of an on-orbit national strategic 
     reserve of space minerals and propellants.
       (10) A reassessment of the manner in which the joint force 
     will perform the mission of logistics in contested 
     environments, including the following:
       (A) A revalidation of the requirement for the KC-46 tanker 
     aircraft, including an assessment of the aerial refueling 
     requirements in contested environments and a greater reliance 
     on distributed systems of systems.
       (B) A detailed assessment whether the mission of logistics 
     in contested environments could be better performed by larger 
     numbers of lower-cost, autonomous systems capable of 
     dispersed operations on land, at sea, and in the air.
       (C) A detailed assessment whether greater forward 
     stationing of joint force capabilities and personnel would be 
     more operationally effective in performing the contact and 
     blunt missions of the National Defense Strategy.
       (d) Form.--The report required in subsection (b) shall be 
     submitted in classified form, and shall include an 
     unclassified summary.

[[Page S4114]]

  


     SEC. 1042. ANNUAL REPORTS BY THE ARMED FORCES ON OUT-YEAR 
                   UNCONSTRAINED TOTAL MUNITIONS REQUIREMENTS AND 
                   OUT-YEAR INVENTORY NUMBERS.

       (a) Reports Required.--Chapter 9 of title 10, United States 
     Code, is amended by inserting after section 222a the 
     following new section:

     ``Sec. 222b. Armed forces: Out-Year Unconstrained Total 
       Munitions Requirements; Out-Year inventory numbers

       ``(a) Annual Reports.--At the same time each year that the 
     budget for the fiscal year beginning in such year is 
     submitted to Congress pursuant to section 1105(a) of title 
     31, the chief of staff of each armed force (other than the 
     Coast Guard) shall submit to the congressional defense 
     committees a report setting forth for such armed force each 
     of the following for such fiscal year, broken out as 
     specified in subsection (b):
       ``(1) The Out-Year Unconstrained Total Munitions 
     Requirement.
       ``(2) The Out-Year inventory numbers.
       ``(b) Presentation.--The Out-Year Unconstrained Total 
     Munitions Requirement and Out-Year inventory numbers for an 
     armed force for a fiscal year pursuant to subsection (a) 
     shall include specific inventory objective requirements for 
     each variant of munitions with respect to each of the 
     following:
       ``(1) Combat Requirement, broken out by operation plan 
     (OPLAN).
       ``(2) Current Operation/Forward Presence Requirement.
       ``(3) Strategic Readiness Requirement.
       ``(4) Homeland Defense.
       ``(5) Training and Testing Requirement.
       ``(6) Total Out-Year Unconstrained Total Munitions 
     Requirement, calculated in accordance with the implementation 
     guidance described in subsection (c).
       ``(7) Out-year worldwide inventory.
       ``(c) Implementation Guidance Used.--In submitting 
     information pursuant to subsection (a) for a fiscal year, the 
     chief of staff of each armed force shall describe and explain 
     the munitions requirements process implementation guidance 
     developed by the Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition 
     and Sustainment and used by such armed force for the 
     munitions requirements process for such armed force for that 
     fiscal year.
       ``(d) Definitions.--In this section:
       ``(1) The term `chief of staff', with respect to the Marine 
     Corps, means the Commandant of the Marine Corps.
       ``(2) The term `Out-Year Unconstrained Total Munitions 
     Requirement' has the meaning given that term in and for 
     purposes of Department of Defense Instruction 3000.04, or any 
     successor instruction.''.
       (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the 
     beginning of chapter 9 of such title is amended by inserting 
     after the item relating to section 222a the following new 
     item:

``222b. Armed forces: Out-Year Unconstrained Total Munitions 
              Requirements; Out-Year inventory numbers.''.

     SEC. 1043. COMPREHENSIVE REVIEW OF OPERATIONAL AND 
                   ADMINISTRATIVE CHAINS-OF-COMMAND AND FUNCTIONS 
                   OF THE DEPARTMENT OF THE NAVY.

       (a) In General.--The Secretary of the Navy shall conduct a 
     comprehensive review of the operational and administrative 
     chains-of-command and functions of the Department of the 
     Navy.
       (b) Elements.--In conducting the review required by 
     subsection (a), the Secretary shall consider options to do 
     each of the following:
       (1) Increase visibility of unit-level readiness at senior 
     levels.
       (2) Reduce so-called ``double-hatting'' and ``triple-
     hatting'' commanders.
       (3) Clarify organizations responsible and accountable for 
     training and certification at the unit, group, and fleet 
     level.
       (4) Simplify reporting requirements applicable to 
     commanding officers.
       (c) Report.--
       (1) In general.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
     the enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall submit to the 
     congressional defense committees a report on the results of 
     the review required by subsection (a). The report shall 
     include the following:
       (A) The results of the review, including any findings of 
     the Secretary as a result of the review.
       (B) Any organizational changes in operational or 
     administrative chains-of-command or functions of the 
     Department undertaken or to be undertaken by the Secretary in 
     light of the review.
       (C) Any recommendations for legislative or administration 
     action with respect to the operational or administrative 
     chains-of-command or functions of the Department as the 
     Secretary considers appropriate in light of the review.
       (2) Form.--The report under this subsection shall be 
     submitted in unclassified form, but may include a classified 
     annex.

     SEC. 1044. MILITARY AVIATION READINESS REVIEW IN SUPPORT OF 
                   THE NATIONAL DEFENSE STRATEGY.

       (a) Report Required.--Not later than one year after the 
     date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense 
     shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the 
     Senate and the House of Representatives a report on military 
     aviation readiness in support of the National Defense 
     Strategy (NDS).
       (b) Review for Report Purposes.--
       (1) In general.--The report under subsection (a) shall be 
     based on a review conducted for purposes of the report in 
     accordance with this section.
       (2) Panel.--The review shall be conducted by a panel 
     consisting of the following:
       (A) The Commander of the Air Combat Command, who shall head 
     the panel.
       (B) The Commander of the Army Aviation Branch.
       (C) The Chief of Naval Air Forces.
       (D) The Deputy Commandant of the Marine Corps for Aviation.
       (E) Such other personnel of the Department of Defense as 
     the Secretary considers appropriate.
       (c) Review Elements.--The review required by subsection (b) 
     shall address the following:
       (1) An analysis of the career progression of military 
     pilots and non-pilot aviators, including a comparison between 
     military pilot and non-pilot aviators, on the one hand, and 
     other military specialities, on the other hand, with respect 
     to each of the following:
       (A) Tours of duty.
       (B) Assignment lengths.
       (C) Minimum service commitments.
       (D) Professional performance evaluation systems.
       (E) Statutory and administrative promotion processes.
       (2) An analysis of aircrew aviation training for various 
     aircraft platforms, including--
       (A) an historical analysis, covering the past 15 years, of 
     first and second assignment total flight hours and model-
     specific flight hours for military pilots and non-pilot 
     aviators; and
       (B) an analysis of the flight hour program in order to 
     determine the appropriate level of required monthly flight 
     hours and sorties to maintain currency (minimum safe level) 
     and proficiency (minimum level to be tactically competent).
       (3) An analysis of the effect of recent operational 
     deployments on the ability of military pilots and non-pilot 
     aviators to build and maintain readiness for potential 
     threats from a near-peer adversary, including--
       (A) a comparison of rates of simulator usage for military 
     pilots and non-pilot aviators within and not within the pre-
     deployment training window; and
       (B) an assessment of the suitability of training curriculum 
     to address high-end combat operations against a near-peer 
     adversary.
       (4) An analysis of aviation squadron size and composition, 
     including--
       (A) individual unit-level aircraft allocation;
       (B) aviation platform-specific force structure; and
       (C) quantity of squadrons within each aviation platform.
       (5) An analysis of aviation squadron manning documents on 
     appropriate levels and composition of military pilots, non-
     pilot aviators, and non-aircrew for each squadron in support 
     of the most current National Defense Strategy, including a 
     consideration of--
       (A) appropriate levels and composition of military pilots, 
     non-pilot aviators, and non-aircrew for each squadron in 
     support of such National Defense Strategy;
       (B) flight-related workload compared with non-flight 
     related workload for military pilots and non-pilot aviators;
       (C) the number of different aircraft platforms to which 
     enlisted maintenance personnel are expected to be assigned 
     throughout a typical career; and
       (D) career training milestones for enlisted maintenance 
     personnel, and the effects of such milestones on military 
     aviation readiness.
       (6) An analysis of logistics programs in support of 
     military aviation readiness, including--
       (A) an evaluation of any shortfalls in logistics programs 
     that serve as contributing factors to both military pilot 
     retention and overall readiness of military aviation units;
       (B) an analysis of aircraft parts cannibalization rates;
       (C) a determination of average mission capable ratings for 
     aircraft throughout the various stages of the deployment 
     cycle;
       (D) an analysis of rates of reassignment of aircraft from 
     non-deploying units to deploying units; and
       (E) an identification of individual aircraft communities, 
     if any, with strained supply chains with single-source 
     suppliers.

     SEC. 1045. REPORT ON CAPABILITIES AND CAPACITIES OF ARMORED 
                   BRIGADE COMBAT TEAMS.

       (a) In General.--Not later than 60 days after the date of 
     the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of the Army shall 
     submit to the congressional defense committees a report on 
     the capabilities and capacities of Armored Brigade Combat 
     Teams (ABCTs).
       (b) Elements.--The report required under subsection (a) 
     shall include the following:
       (1) A description of the total number of Armored Brigade 
     Combat Teams required to support the National Defense 
     Strategy (NDS).
       (2) A description of the manner in which the Army plans to 
     equip and field future Armored Brigade Combat Teams.
       (3) A description of the total number of mechanized 
     infantry companies required in support of the Armored Brigade 
     Combat Teams.
       (4) A description of steps being taken to improve the 
     number and quality of live-fire gunnery exercises executed 
     each year, including improving execution of battalion and 
     brigade-level combined arms live-fire exercises both at home 
     station and at the Combat Training Centers.
       (5) A description of training being conducted to train 
     Armored Brigade Combat Teams in combined arms for air defense 
     and to counter unmanned aerial vehicles with organic weapons 
     and tactics.
       (6) A plan to improve personnel preparedness by the 
     reduction of non-deployable soldiers and improvements in 
     combat vehicle crew stability and material readiness of key 
     combat systems.
       (7) A description of deficiencies in repair parts and 
     number of qualified mechanics, and a plan to correct such 
     deficiencies.
       (8) A plan for the modernization of the Armored Brigade 
     Combat Teams.

     SEC. 1046. IMPROVEMENT OF ANNUAL REPORT ON CIVILIAN 
                   CASUALTIES IN CONNECTION WITH UNITED STATES 
                   MILITARY OPERATIONS.

       (a) Modification and Expansion of Elements.--Subsection (b) 
     of section 1057 of the

[[Page S4115]]

     National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2018 
     (Public Law 115-91) is amended--
       (1) in paragraph (1), by inserting ``, including each 
     specific mission, strike, engagement, raid, or incident,'' 
     after ``military operations'';
       (2) in paragraph (2)(E), by inserting before the period at 
     the end the following: ``, including a differentiation 
     between those killed and those injured'';
       (3) in paragraph (3), by inserting before the period at the 
     end the following: ``, and, when appropriate, makes ex gratia 
     payments to the victims or their families'';
       (4) by redesignating paragraph (5) as paragraph (6); and
       (5) by inserting after paragraph (4) the following new 
     paragraph (5):
       ``(5) Any update or modification to any report under this 
     section during a previous year.''.
       (b) Scope of Unclassified Form of Report.--Subsection (d) 
     of such section is amended by adding at the end the following 
     new sentence: ``The unclassified form of each report shall, 
     at a minimum, be responsive to each element under subsection 
     (b) of a report under subsection (a), and shall be made 
     available to the public at the same time it is submitted to 
     Congress (unless the Secretary certifies in writing that the 
     publication of such information poses a threat to the 
     national security interests of the United States).''.

     SEC. 1047. REPORT ON DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE PARTICIPATION IN 
                   EXPORT ADMINISTRATION REGULATIONS LICENSE 
                   APPLICATION REVIEW PROCESS.

       (a) In General.--Not later than 180 days after the 
     enactment of this Act, and every 180 days thereafter until 
     the date that is three years after such date of enactment, 
     the Under Secretary of Defense for Policy shall submit to the 
     congressional defense committees a report on the 
     participation by the Department of Defense in the process for 
     reviewing applications for export licenses under the Export 
     Administration Regulations as a reviewing agency under 
     Executive Order 12981 (50 U.S.C. 4603 note; relating to 
     administration of export controls).
       (b) Elements.--The report required by subsection (a) shall 
     include the following:
       (1) The number of applications for export licenses under 
     the Export Administration Regulations reviewed by the 
     Department of Defense in the 180-day period preceding the 
     submission of the report.
       (2) The number of instances during that 180-day period in 
     which the Department disagreed with a final determination 
     made with respect to such an application under the review 
     procedures set forth in Executive Order 12981.
       (3) A summary of such instances, including--
       (A) a summary of the applicants for such licenses and the 
     recipients of items pursuant to such licenses in such 
     instances;
       (B) a description of sensitive technologies involved in 
     such instances; and
       (C) a description of the rationale of the Department for 
     disagreeing with such determinations.
       (4) The number of such applications under review by the 
     Department or undergoing interagency dispute resolution as of 
     the date of the submission of the report.
       (c) Form.--The report required by subsection (a) shall be 
     submitted in unclassified form but may include a classified 
     annex.
       (d) Export Administration Regulations Defined.--In this 
     section, the term ``Export Administration Regulations'' means 
     subchapter C of chapter VII of title 15, Code of Federal 
     Regulations.

     SEC. 1048. AUTOMATIC SUNSET FOR FUTURE STATUTORY REPORTING 
                   REQUIREMENTS.

       (a) In General.--Chapter 23 of title 10, United States 
     Code, is amended by inserting after section 480 the following 
     new section:

     ``Sec. 480a. Reports to Congress: termination of indefinite-
       duration reports after three years

       ``(a) In General.--Any provision of law enacted on or after 
     the date of enactment of this section that includes an 
     indefinite-duration report requirement shall cease to be 
     effective, with respect to that requirement, three years 
     after the date of the enactment of that provision of law 
     unless that provision of law expressly states that this 
     section is inapplicable to that requirement or that provision 
     of law.
       ``(b) Indefinite-duration Report Requirement Defined.--In 
     this section, the term `indefinite-duration requirement' 
     means a requirement in any provision of law for the Secretary 
     of Defense (or any other officer or employee of the 
     Department of Defense) to submit to Congress (or any 
     committee of Congress) a periodic report for which the law 
     does not--
       ``(1) state a specific period of time as the period during 
     which that report is required to be submitted or that 
     provision of law is in effect; or
       ``(2) state a specific termination date for the requirement 
     to submit the report or for that provision of law.
       ``(c) Periodic Report Defined.--In this section, the term 
     `periodic report' means a report required to be submitted on 
     an annual, semiannual, or other regular periodic basis.''.
       (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the 
     beginning of chapter 23 of such title is amended by inserting 
     after the item relating to section 480 the following new 
     item:

``480a. Reports to Congress: termination of indefinite-duration reports 
              after three years.''.

     SEC. 1049. REPEAL OF CERTAIN DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE REPORTING 
                   REQUIREMENTS THAT OTHERWISE TERMINATE AS OF 
                   DECEMBER 31, 2021.

       (a) Title 10, United States Code.--Title 10, United States 
     Code, is amended as follows:
       (1)(A) Section 229, relating to the display of budget 
     information for programs for combating terrorism, is 
     repealed.
       (B) The table of sections at the beginning of chapter 9 is 
     amended by striking the item relating to section 229.
       (2)(A) Section 231a, relating to budgeting for life-cycle 
     costs of aircraft for the Navy, Army, and Air Force, is 
     repealed.
       (B) The table of sections at the beginning of chapter 9 is 
     amended by striking the item relating to section 231a.
       (3) Section 2276, relating to commercial space launch 
     cooperation, is amended--
       (A) by striking subsection (e); and
       (B) by redesignating subsections (f) and (g) as subsections 
     (e) and (f), respectively.
       (4) Section 7310, relating to report on repair of certain 
     vessels in foreign shipyards, is amended by striking 
     subsection (c).
       (b) National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 
     2007.--Section 1017 of the John Warner National Defense 
     Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2007 (Public Law 109-364; 
     120 Stat. 2379), relating to obtaining carriage by vessel, is 
     amended--
       (1) by striking subsection (e); and
       (2) by redesignating subsection (f) as subsection (e).
       (c) National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 
     2008.--Section 1034(d) of the National Defense Authorization 
     Act for Fiscal Year 2008 (10 U.S.C. 272 note), relating to 
     distribution of chemical and biological agents to non-Federal 
     entities, is amended--
       (1) by striking subsection (d); and
       (2) by redesignating subsection (e) as subsection (d).
       (d) National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 
     2009.--Section 1047(d) of the Duncan Hunter National Defense 
     Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2009 (10 U.S.C. 2366b 
     note), relating to reports on bandwidth requirements for 
     major defense acquisition programs, is amended--
       (1) by striking paragraph (2);
       (2) by striking ``(d) Formal Review Process for Bandwidth 
     Requirements .--'' and all that follows through ``(1) In 
     general.--The Secretary'' and inserting the following:
       ``(d) Formal Review Process for Bandwidth Requirements.--
     The Secretary''; and
       (3) by redesignating subparagraphs (A) and (B) as 
     paragraphs (1) and (2), respectively, and indenting 
     appropriately.
       (e) National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 
     2011.--Section 1217 of the Ike Skelton National Defense 
     Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2011 (22 U.S.C. 7513 note), 
     relating to authority to establish a program to develop and 
     carry out infrastructure projects in Afghanistan, is 
     amended--
       (1) by striking subsection (i); and
       (2) by redesignating subsection (j) as subsection (i).
       (f) National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 
     2015.--Section 1026 of the Carl Levin and Howard P. ``Buck'' 
     McKeon National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 
     2015 (Public Law 113-291; 127 Stat. 3490), relating to 
     availability of funds for retirement of inactivation of 
     Ticonderoga class cruisers or dock landing ships, is 
     amended--
       (1) by striking subsection (d); and
       (2) by redesignating subsection (e) as subsection (d).
       (g) Conforming Amendments.--Section 1061 of the National 
     Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017 (10 U.S.C. 111 
     note) is amended--
       (1) in subsection (c), by striking paragraphs (14), (16), 
     (41), and (59);
       (2) in subsection (d), by striking paragraph (3);
       (3) in subsection (g), by striking paragraph (3); and
       (4) in subsection (i), by striking paragraphs (15), (18), 
     and (24).

     SEC. 1050. REPORT ON POTENTIAL IMPROVEMENTS TO CERTAIN 
                   MILITARY EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTIONS OF THE 
                   DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE.

       (a) Report Required.--
       (1) In general.--Not later than December 1, 2019, the 
     Secretary of Defense shall submit to the Committees on Armed 
     Services of the Senate and the House of Representatives a 
     report setting forth the results of a review and assessment, 
     obtained by the Secretary for purposes of the report, of the 
     potential effects on the military education provided by the 
     educational institutions of the Department of Defense 
     specified in subsection (b) of the actions described in 
     subsection (c).
       (2) Conducting organization.--The review and assessment 
     required for purposes of the report shall be performed by an 
     organization selected by the Secretary from among 
     organizations independent of the Department that have 
     expertise in the analysis of matters in connection with 
     higher education.
       (b) Educational Institutions of the Department of 
     Defense.--The educational institutions of the Department of 
     Defense specified in this subsection are the following:
       (1) The senior level service schools and intermediate level 
     service schools (as such terms are defined in section 2151(b) 
     of title 10, United States Code).
       (2) The Air Force Institute of Technology.
       (3) The National Defense University.
       (4) The Joint Special Operations University.
       (5) The Army Armament Graduate School.
       (6) Any other military educational institution of the 
     Department specified by the Secretary for purposes of this 
     section.
       (c) Actions.--The actions described in this subsection with 
     respect to the educational institutions of the Department of 
     Defense specified in subsection (b) are the following:
       (1) Modification of admission and graduation requirements.
       (2) Reduction or expansion of degree-granting authority.

[[Page S4116]]

       (3) Reduction or expansion of the acceptance of research 
     grants.
       (4) Reduction of the number of attending students 
     generally.
       (5) Reduction of the number of attending students through 
     the sponsoring of education of an increased number of 
     students at non-Department of Defense education institutions 
     of higher education.
       (6) Increase in the frequency of curriculum changes to 
     account for emerging subject matters of importance to 
     national defense.
       (7) Modification of civilian faculty management practices, 
     including employment practices.
       (d) Additional Elements.--In addition to the matters 
     described in subsection (a), the review and report under this 
     section shall also include the following:
       (1) A comparison of admission standards and graduation 
     requirements of the educational institutions of the 
     Department of Defense specified in subsection (b) with 
     admission standards and graduation requirements of public and 
     private institutions of higher education that are comparable 
     to the educational institutions of the Department of Defense.
       (2) A comparison of the goals and missions of the 
     educational institutions of the Department of Defense 
     specified in subsection (b) with the goals and missions of 
     such public and private institutions of higher education.
       (3) Any other matters the Secretary considers appropriate 
     for purposes of this section.

     SEC. 1051. RECRUITING COSTS OF THE ARMED FORCES.

       (a) Briefing Required.--Not later than one year after the 
     date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense 
     shall brief the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate 
     and the House of Representatives on the results of a study, 
     conducted by the Secretary for purposes of the briefing, on 
     the costs of the Armed Forces in recruiting for members of 
     the Armed Forces.
       (b) Elements.--The briefing required by subsection (a) 
     shall include the following:
       (1) A description of the recruiting costs of each Armed 
     Force in each of fiscal years 2010 through 2019.
       (2) An estimate of the recruiting costs of each Armed Force 
     in each of fiscal years 2020 through 2024.
       (3) A description of the factors that contributed 
     significantly to the recruiting costs of the Armed Forces 
     during fiscal years 2010 through 2019.
       (4) Any other matters in connection with the recruiting 
     costs of the Armed Forces that the Secretary considers 
     appropriate.

                       Subtitle F--Other Matters

     SEC. 1061. AUTHORITY TO TRANSFER FUNDS FOR BIEN HOA DIOXIN 
                   CLEANUP.

       (a) Transfer Authority.--Notwithstanding section 2215 of 
     title 10, United States Code, the Secretary of Defense may 
     transfer to the Secretary of State, for use by the United 
     States Agency for International Development, amounts to be 
     used for the Bien Hoa dioxin cleanup in Vietnam.
       (b) Limitation on Amounts.--Not more than $15,000,000 may 
     be transferred in each of fiscal years 2019 through 2027 
     under the authority in subsection (a).
       (c) Source of Funds.--The Secretary of Defense may transfer 
     funds appropriated to the Department of Defense for 
     ``Operation and Maintenance, Defense-wide'' under the 
     authority in subsection (a) .
       (d) Additional Transfer Authority.--The transfer authority 
     provided under subsection (a) is in addition to any other 
     transfer authority available to the Department of Defense.

     SEC. 1062. IMPROVEMENT OF DATABASE ON EMERGENCY RESPONSE 
                   CAPABILITIES.

       (a) In General.--Section 1406 of the John Warner National 
     Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2007 (Public Law 
     109-364; 120 Stat. 2436; 10 U.S.C. 113 note) is amended--
       (1) by inserting before ``The Secretary'' the following: 
     ``(a) Database Required.--'';
       (2) in subsection (a), as designated by paragraph (1)--
       (A) in paragraph (1)--
       (i) by striking ``each States's National Guard, as reported 
     by the States'' and inserting ``the National Guard of each 
     State and Territory, as reported by the States and 
     Territories''; and
       (ii) by inserting ``and Territories'' after ``their home 
     States''; and
       (B) by adding at the end the following new paragraphs:
       ``(3) Cyber capabilities of the National Guard identified 
     by the Department as critical for response to domestic 
     natural or manmade disasters.
       ``(4) Cyber capabilities of the other reserve components of 
     the Armed Forces identified by the Department as critical for 
     response to domestic natural or manmade disasters.''; and
       (3) by adding at the end the following new subsection:
       ``(b) Information Required To Keep Database Current.--In 
     maintaining the database required by subsection (a), the 
     Secretary shall identify and revise the information required 
     to be included in the database at least once every two years 
     for purposes of keeping the database current.''.
       (b) Establishment of Database.--
       (1) Deadline for establishment.--The Secretary of Defense 
     shall establish the database required by section 1406 of the 
     John Warner National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
     Year 2007, as amended by subsection (a), by not later than 
     one year after the date of the enactment of this Act.
       (2) Use of existing database or system for certain 
     capabilities.--The Secretary may meet the requirement with 
     respect to the capabilities described in subsection (a)(1) of 
     section 1406 of the John Warner National Defense 
     Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2007, as so amended, in 
     connection with the database required by that section through 
     use or modification of a current database or tracking system 
     of the Department of Defense if the Secretary determines that 
     such action will--
       (A) expedite compliance with the requirement; and
       (B) achieve such compliance at a cost not greater than the 
     cost of establishing anew the database otherwise covered by 
     the requirement.

     SEC. 1063. ACCEPTANCE AND DISTRIBUTION BY DEPARTMENT OF 
                   DEFENSE OF ASSISTANCE FROM CERTAIN NONPROFIT 
                   ENTITIES IN SUPPORT OF MISSIONS OF DEPLOYED 
                   UNITED STATES PERSONNEL AROUND THE WORLD.

       (a) Finding.--The Senate finds that Spirit of America, a 
     privately-funded, nonpartisan, nonprofit organization, acting 
     in partnership with the Department of Defense, has made an 
     important contribution in supporting the missions of deployed 
     United States personnel around the world.
       (b) Sense of Senate.--It is the sense of the Senate that 
     United States military commanders should, consistent with 
     applicable laws, regulations, and guidance developed 
     consistent with section 1088 of the National Defense 
     Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2018 (Public Law 115-91), 
     collaborate with and provide transportation and other 
     logistical support to covered non-Federal entities, including 
     Spirit of America, to advance the military missions of the 
     Armed Forces.
       (c) Distribution of Covered Non-Federal Entity Assistance 
     Abroad Through Department of Defense.--
       (1) Acceptance and coordination of assistance.--The 
     Department of Defense (including members of the Armed Forces) 
     may, at the discretion of the Secretary of Defense and in 
     accordance with guidance issued by the Secretary and 
     developed in coordination with the Secretary of State and the 
     Administrator of the United States Agency for International 
     Development--
       (A) accept from any covered non-Federal entity 
     humanitarian, economic, and other nonlethal assistance funded 
     by private funds in the carrying out of the purposes of such 
     entity; and
       (B) respond to requests from covered non-Federal entities 
     for the identification of the needs of local populations 
     abroad for assistance, and coordinate with such entitites in 
     the provision and distribution of such assistance, in the 
     carrying out of such purposes.
       (2) Distribution of assistance to local populations.--In 
     accordance with guidance issued by the Secretary of Defense, 
     and developed in coordination with the Secretary of State and 
     the Administrator of the United States Agency for 
     International Development, members of the Armed Forces abroad 
     may provide to local populations abroad humanitarian, 
     economic, and other nonlethal assistance provided to the 
     Department by a covered non-Federal entity pursuant to this 
     subsection.
       (3) Scope of guidance.--The guidance issued pursuant to 
     this subsection shall ensure that any assistance distributed 
     pursuant to this subsection shall be for purposes of 
     supporting the mission or missions of the Department and the 
     Armed Forces for which such assistance is provided by a 
     covered non-Federal entity.
       (4) Dod support for entity activities.--In accordance with 
     guidance issued by the Secretary of Defense, the Department, 
     and the Armed Forces may--
       (A) provide transportation, lodging, storage, and other 
     logistical support--
       (i) to personnel of a covered non-Federal entity (whether 
     in the United States or abroad) who are carrying out the 
     purposes of such entity; and
       (ii) in connection with the acceptance and distribution of 
     assistance provided by a covered non-Federal entity; and
       (B) use assets of the Department and the Armed Forces in 
     the provision of support described in subparagraph (A).
       (d) Covered Non-Federal Entity Defined.--In this section, 
     the term ``covered non-Federal entity'' means the following:
       (1) Spirit of America, a privately-funded, nonpartisan, 
     nonprofit organization described in section 501(c)(3) of the 
     Internal Revenue Code of 1986 that is exempt from taxation 
     under section 501(a) of such Code.
       (2) Any other organization that--
       (A) is based in the United States;
       (B) has an independent board of directors and is subject to 
     independent financial audits;
       (C) is substantially privately-funded;
       (D) is described in section 501(c)(3) of the Internal 
     Revenue Code of 1986 and is exempt from taxation under 
     section 501(a) of such Code; and
       (E) provides international assistance.

     SEC. 1064. UNITED STATES POLICY WITH RESPECT TO FREEDOM OF 
                   NAVIGATION AND OVERFLIGHT.

       (a) Declaration of Policy.--It is the policy of the United 
     States to fly, sail, and operate throughout the oceans, seas, 
     and airspace of the world wherever international law allows.
       (b) Implementation of Policy.--In furtherance of the policy 
     set forth in subsection (a), the Secretary of Defense 
     should--
       (1) plan and execute a robust series of routine and regular 
     air and naval presence missions throughout the world and 
     throughout the year, including for critical transportation 
     corridors and key routes for global commerce;
       (2) in addition to the missions executed pursuant to 
     paragraph (1), execute routine and regular air and maritime 
     freedom of navigation operations throughout the year, in 
     accordance with international law, including the use of 
     expanded military options and maneuvers beyond innocent 
     passage; and
       (3) to the maximum extent practicable, execute the missions 
     pursuant to paragraphs (1) and (2) with regional partner 
     countries and allies of the United States.

[[Page S4117]]

  


     SEC. 1065. PROHIBITION OF FUNDS FOR CHINESE LANGUAGE 
                   INSTRUCTION PROVIDED BY A CONFUCIUS INSTITUTE.

       (a) Prohibition.--None of the funds authorized to be 
     appropriated by this Act or otherwise made available for 
     fiscal year 2019 under this Act may be obligated or expended 
     for Chinese language instruction provided by a Confucius 
     Institute.
       (b) Limitation.--None of the funds authorized to be 
     appropriated by this Act or otherwise made available for 
     fiscal year 2019 under this Act may be obligated or expended 
     to support a Chinese language program at an institution of 
     higher education that hosts a Confucius Institute.
       (c) Waiver.--The Under Secretary of Defense for Personnel 
     and Readiness may waive the limitation in subsection (b) with 
     respect to a Chinese language program at a specific 
     institution of higher education if the Under Secretary of 
     Defense for Personnel and Readiness--
       (1) certifies to the congressional defense committees 
     that--
       (A) Confucius Institute employees and instructors will have 
     no affiliation with the program;
       (B) Confucius Institute employees and instructors will 
     provide no instruction or support to the program;
       (C) Confucius Institute employees and instructors will have 
     no authority or influence with regard to the curriculum and 
     activities of the program; and
       (D) the institution has made publicly available all 
     memoranda of understanding, contracts, and other agreements 
     between the institution and the Confucius Institute, or 
     between the institution and any agency of or organization 
     affiliated with the government of the People's Republic of 
     China; or
       (2) certifies to the congressional defense committees 
     that--
       (A) the requirements described in subparagraphs (A) through 
     (C) of paragraph (1) have been met; and
       (B) the waiver of the limitation in subsection (b) is 
     necessary for national security, and there is no reasonable 
     alternative to issuing the waiver.
       (d) Definitions.--
       (1) Chinese language program.--The term ``Chinese language 
     program'' means any Department of Defense program designed to 
     provide or support Chinese language instruction, including 
     the National Security Education Program, the Language 
     Flagship program, Project Global Officer, and the Language 
     Training Centers program.
       (2) Confucius institute.--The term ``Confucius Institute'' 
     means a Confucius Institute that is operated by the Office of 
     Chinese Languages Council International, also known as 
     Hanban, which is affiliated with the Ministry of Education of 
     the People's Republic of China.
       (3) Institution of higher education.--The term 
     ``institution of higher education'' has the meaning given the 
     term in section 101 of the Higher Education Act of 1965 (20 
     U.S.C. 1001 et seq.).

                  TITLE XI--CIVILIAN PERSONNEL MATTERS

               Subtitle A--Department of Defense Matters

     SEC. 1101. INAPPLICABILITY OF CERTIFICATION OF EXECUTIVE 
                   QUALIFICATIONS BY QUALIFICATION REVIEW BOARDS 
                   OF OFFICE OF PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT FOR INITIAL 
                   APPOINTMENTS TO SENIOR EXECUTIVE SERVICE 
                   POSITIONS IN DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE.

       (a) Temporary Inapplicability.--Notwithstanding section 
     3393(c) of title 5, United States Code, or any regulations 
     implementing that section, and subject to the provisions of 
     this section, the Secretary of Defense may appoint 
     individuals for service in the Senior Executive Service of 
     the Department of Defense without such individuals being 
     subject to the certification of executive qualifications by a 
     qualification review board of the Office of Personnel 
     Management in connection with such appointment otherwise 
     required by that section.
       (b) Qualifications of Individuals Appointed.--The Secretary 
     shall ensure that individuals appointed under this section 
     possess the necessary qualifications and experience for the 
     position to which appointed.
       (c) Limitation.--The total number of appointments made 
     under this section in any year may not exceed 50 
     appointments.
       (d) Reports.--
       (1) Initial report.--Not later than one year after the date 
     of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall submit to 
     the committees of Congress and official specified in 
     paragraph (3) a report on the number and type of appointments 
     made under this section as of the date of the report, 
     including--
       (A) a description of the qualifications of the individuals 
     appointed; and
       (B) data on the time required to appoint the individuals.
       (2) Final report.--Not later than two years after the date 
     of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall submit to 
     the committees of Congress and official specified in 
     paragraph (3) a report on the use of the authority in this 
     section. The report shall include the following:
       (A) The number and type of appointments made under this 
     section during the one-year period ending on the date of the 
     report.
       (B) Data on and an assessment whether appointments under 
     the authority in this section reduced the time to hire when 
     compared with the time to hire under the current review 
     system of the Office of Personnel Management.
       (C) An assessment of the utility of the appointment 
     authority and process under this section.
       (D) An assessment whether the appointments made under this 
     section resulted in higher quality new executives for the 
     Senior Executive Service of the Department when compared with 
     the executives produced under the current review system of 
     the Office of Personnel Management.
       (E) Any recommendation for the improvement of the selection 
     and qualification process for the Senior Executive Service of 
     the Department that the Secretary considers necessary in 
     order to attract and hire highly qualified candidates for 
     service in that Senior Executive Service.
       (3) Committees of congress and official.--The committees of 
     Congress and official specified in this paragraph are--
       (A) the Committee on Armed Services and the Committee on 
     Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs of the Senate;
       (B) the Committee on Armed Services and the Committee on 
     Oversight and Government Reform of the House of 
     Representatives; and
       (C) the Director of the Office of Personnel Management.
       (e) Sunset.--Subsection (a) shall cease to be effective on 
     the date that is two years after the date of the enactment of 
     this Act.

     SEC. 1102. DIRECT HIRE AUTHORITY FOR SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY 
                   REINVENTION LABORATORIES AND MAJOR RANGE AND 
                   TEST FACILITIES BASE FACILITIES FOR RECENT 
                   SCIENCE, TECHNOLOGY, ENGINEERING, AND 
                   MATHEMATICS GRADUATES OF MINORITY-SERVING 
                   INSTITUTIONS.

       (a) Authority To Make Direct Appointments.--The director of 
     any facility specified in subsection (b) may appoint any 
     qualified recent graduate of a covered educational 
     institution with a degree in science, technology, 
     engineering, or mathematics to a position at such facility 
     described in subsection (d) without regard to the provisions 
     of subchapter I of chapter 33 of title 5, United States Code.
       (b) Facilities.--A facility specified in this subsection is 
     any facility as follows:
       (1) A science and technology reinvention laboratory of the 
     Department of Defense, as designated pursuant to section 
     1105(a) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
     Year 2010 (10 U.S.C. 2358 note).
       (2) A facility of the Major Range and Test Facilities Base 
     of the Department.
       (c) Recent Graduates.--For purposes of this section, a 
     person is a recent graduate of a covered educational 
     institution if--
       (1) the person was awarded a degree by the institution not 
     more than two years before the date of the appointment of the 
     person pursuant to this section; or
       (2) in the case of any person who has completed a period of 
     obligated service in a uniformed service of more than four 
     years as of the date the appointment of the person pursuant 
     to this section, the person was awarded a degree by the 
     institution not more than four years before such date of 
     appointment.
       (d) Covered Positions.--The positions to which persons may 
     be appointed pursuant to this section at a facility specified 
     in subsection (b) are scientific and engineering positions at 
     the facility.
       (e) Duration of Appointment.--Any appointment pursuant to 
     this section may be made on a temporary, term, or permanent 
     basis, at the election of the director of the facility making 
     such appointment.
       (f) Covered Educational Institution Defined.--In this 
     section, the term ``covered educational institution'' has the 
     meaning given that term in section 2362(e) of title 10, 
     United States Code.
       (g) Sunset.--
       (1) In general.--The authority to make appointments under 
     this section shall expire on the date that is five years 
     after the date of the enactment of this Act.
       (2) Construction.--Nothing in paragraph (1) shall be 
     construed to terminate an appointment made under this section 
     before the expiration date provided in that paragraph in 
     accordance with the terms of such appointment.

     SEC. 1103. INCLUSION OF STRATEGIC CAPABILITIES OFFICE AND 
                   DEFENSE INNOVATION UNIT EXPERIMENTAL OF THE 
                   DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE IN PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT 
                   AUTHORITY TO ATTRACT EXPERTS IN SCIENCE AND 
                   ENGINEERING.

       (a) In General.--Subsection (a) of section 1599h of title 
     10, United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the 
     following new paragraphs:
       ``(4) Strategic capabilities office.--The Director of the 
     Strategic Capabilities Office may carry out a program of 
     personnel management authority provided in subsection (b) in 
     order to facilitate recruitment of eminent experts in science 
     or engineering for the Office.
       ``(5) DIUx.--The Director of the Defense Innovation Unit 
     Experimental may carry out a program of personnel management 
     authority provided in subsection (b) in order to facilitate 
     recruitment of eminent experts in science or engineering for 
     the Unit.''.
       (b) Scope of Appointment Authority.--Subsection (b)(1) of 
     such section is amended--
       (1) in subparagraph (B), by striking ``and'' at the end; 
     and
       (2) by adding at the end the following new subparagraphs:
       ``(D) in the case of the Strategic Capabilities Office, 
     appoint scientists and engineers to a total of not more than 
     5 scientific and engineering positions in the Office; and
       ``(E) in the case of the Defense Innovation Unit 
     Experimental, appoint scientists and engineers to a total of 
     not more than 5 scientific and engineering positions in the 
     Unit;''.
       (c) Extension of Terms of Appointment.--Subsection (c)(2) 
     of such section is amended by striking ``or the Office of 
     Operational Test and Evaluation'' and inserting ``the Office 
     of Operational Test and Evaluation, the Strategic 
     Capabilities Office, or the Defense Innovation Unit 
     Experimental''.

[[Page S4118]]

  


     SEC. 1104. ENHANCEMENT OF FLEXIBLE MANAGEMENT AUTHORITIES FOR 
                   SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY REINVENTION LABORATORIES 
                   OF THE DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE.

       (a) Enhancement of Noncompetitive Conversions of 
     Appointments of Students Enrolled in Scientific and 
     Engineering Programs.--Section 2358a(a)(4) of title 10, 
     United States Code, is amended--
       (1) in the paragraph heading, by striking ``to permanent 
     appointment'' and inserting ``of appointments''; and
       (2) by striking ``to a permanent appointment'' and 
     inserting ``to another temporary appointment or to a term or 
     permanent appointment''.
       (b) Enhancement of Pilot Program on Dynamic Shaping of 
     Workforce Technical Skills and Expertise.--Section 
     1109(b)(1)(A) of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
     Fiscal Year 2016 (Public Law 114-92; 129 Stat. 1028; 10 
     U.S.C. 2358 note) is amended by striking ``to appoint'' and 
     all that follows and inserting ``to make appointments as 
     follows:
       ``(i) Appointment of qualified scientific and technical 
     personnel who are not current Department of Defense civilian 
     employees into any scientific or technical position in the 
     laboratory for a period of more than one year but not more 
     than six years.
       ``(ii) Appointment of qualified scientific and technical 
     personnel who are Department civilian employees in term 
     appointments into any scientific or technical position in the 
     laboratory for a period of more than one year but not more 
     than six years.''.

     SEC. 1105. INCLUSION OF OFFICE OF SECRETARY OF DEFENSE AMONG 
                   COMPONENTS OF THE DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE COVERED 
                   BY DIRECT HIRE AUTHORITY FOR FINANCIAL 
                   MANAGEMENT EXPERTS.

       Section 1110(f) of the National Defense Authorization Act 
     for Fiscal Year 2017 (10 U.S.C. 1580 note prec.) is amended--
       (1) by redesignating paragraphs (1) through (9) as 
     paragraphs (2) through (10), respectively; and
       (2) by inserting before paragraph (2) the following new 
     paragraph (1):
       ``(1) The Office of the Secretary of Defense.''.

     SEC. 1106. AUTHORITY TO EMPLOY CIVILIAN FACULTY MEMBERS AT 
                   THE JOINT SPECIAL OPERATIONS UNIVERSITY.

       Section 1595(c) of title 10, United States Code, is amended 
     by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
       ``(5) The Joint Special Operations University.''.

                  Subtitle B--Government-Wide Matters

     SEC. 1121. ALCOHOL TESTING OF CIVIL SERVICE MARINERS OF THE 
                   MILITARY SEALIFT COMMAND ASSIGNED TO VESSELS.

       (a) Alcohol Testing.--Chapter 643 of title 10, United 
     States Code, is amended by inserting after section 7479 the 
     following new section:

     ``Sec. 7479a. Civil service mariners of Military Sealift 
       Command: alcohol testing

       ``The Secretary of the Navy may prescribe regulations 
     establishing a program to conduct on-duty reasonable 
     suspicion alcohol testing and post-accident alcohol testing 
     of civil service mariners of the Military Sealift Command who 
     are assigned to vessels.''.
       (b) Release of Alcohol Test Results.--
       (1) In general.--Section 7479 of such title is amended--
       (A) in the heading of subsection (a), by inserting ``or 
     Alcohol'' after ``Drug''; and
       (B) by inserting ``or alcohol'' after ``drug'' each place 
     it appears.
       (2) Heading amendment.--The heading of such section is 
     amended to read as follows:

     ``Sec. 7479. Civil service mariners of Military Sealift 
       Command: release of drug and alcohol test results to Coast 
       Guard''.

       (c) Table of Sections Amendment.--The table of sections at 
     the beginning of chapter 643 of such title is amended by 
     striking the item relating to section 7479 and inserting the 
     following new items:

``7479. Civil service mariners of Military Sealift Command: release of 
              drug and alcohol test results to Coast Guard.
``7479a. Civil service mariners of Military Sealift Command: alcohol 
              testing.''.

     SEC. 1122. EXPEDITED HIRING AUTHORITY FOR COLLEGE GRADUATES 
                   AND POST SECONDARY STUDENTS.

       (a) In General.--Subchapter I of chapter 31 of title 5, 
     United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the 
     following:

     ``Sec. 3115. Expedited hiring authority for college 
       graduates; competitive service

       ``(a) Definitions.--In this section:
       ``(1) Director.--The term `Director' means the Director of 
     the Office of Personnel Management.
       ``(2)  Institution of higher education.--The term 
     `institution of higher education' has the meaning given the 
     term in section 101(a) of the Higher Education Act of 1965 
     (20 U.S.C. 1001(a)).
       ``(b) Appointment.--
       ``(1) In general.--The head of an agency may appoint, 
     without regard to any provision of sections 3309 through 3319 
     and 3330, a qualified individual to a position in the 
     competitive service classified in a professional or 
     administrative occupational category at the GS-11 level, or 
     an equivalent level, or below.
       ``(2) Restrictions.--An appointment under paragraph (1) 
     shall be made in accordance with regulations prescribed by 
     the Director.
       ``(c) Qualifications for Appointment.--The head of an 
     agency may make an appointment under subsection (b) only if 
     the individual being appointed--
       ``(1) has received a baccalaureate or graduate degree from 
     an institution of higher education;
       ``(2) applies for the position--
       ``(A) not later than 2 years after the date on which the 
     individual being appointed received the degree described in 
     paragraph (1); or
       ``(B) in the case of an individual who has completed a 
     period of not less than 4 years of obligated service in a 
     uniformed service, not later than 2 years after the date of 
     the discharge or release of the individual from that service; 
     and
       ``(3) meets each minimum qualification standard prescribed 
     by the Director for the position to which the individual is 
     being appointed.
       ``(d) Public Notice and Advertising.--
       ``(1) In general.--The head of an agency making an 
     appointment under subsection (b) shall publicly advertise 
     positions under this section.
       ``(2) Requirements.--In carrying out paragraph (1), the 
     head of an agency shall--
       ``(A) adhere to merit system principles;
       ``(B) advertise positions in a manner that provides for 
     diverse and qualified applicants; and
       ``(C) ensure potential applicants have appropriate 
     information relevant to the positions available.
       ``(e) Limitation on Appointments.--
       ``(1) In general.--Except as provided in paragraph (2), the 
     total number of employees that the head of an agency may 
     appoint under this section during a fiscal year may not 
     exceed the number equal to 15 percent of the number of 
     individuals that the agency head appointed during the 
     previous fiscal year to a position in the competitive service 
     classified in a professional or administrative occupational 
     category, at the GS-11 level, or an equivalent level, or 
     below, under a competitive examining procedure.
       ``(2) Exceptions.--Under a regulation prescribed under 
     subsection (f), the Director may establish a lower limit on 
     the number of individuals that may be appointed under 
     paragraph (1) of this subsection during a fiscal year based 
     on any factor the Director considers appropriate.
       ``(f) Regulations.--Not later than 180 days after the date 
     of enactment of this section, the Director shall issue 
     interim regulations, with an opportunity for comment, for the 
     administration of this section.
       ``(g) Reporting.--
       ``(1) In general.--Not later than September 30 of each of 
     the first 3 fiscal years beginning after the date of 
     enactment of this section, the head of an agency that makes 
     an appointment under this section shall submit a report to--
       ``(A) Congress that assesses the impact of the use of the 
     authority provided under this section during the fiscal year 
     in which the report is submitted; and
       ``(B) the Director that contains data that the Director 
     considers necessary for the Director to assess the impact and 
     effectiveness of the authority described in subparagraph (A).
       ``(2) Content.--The head of an agency shall include in each 
     report under paragraph (1)--
       ``(A) the total number of individuals appointed by the 
     agency under this section, as well as the number of such 
     individuals who are--
       ``(i) minorities or members of other underrepresented 
     groups; or
       ``(ii) veterans;
       ``(B) recruitment sources;
       ``(C) the total number of individuals appointed by the 
     agency during the applicable fiscal year to a position in the 
     competitive service classified in a professional or 
     administrative occupational category at the GS-11 level, or 
     an equivalent level, or below; and
       ``(D) any additional data specified by the Director.
       ``(h) Special Provision Regarding the Department of 
     Defense.--
       ``(1) Authority.--Nothing in this section shall preclude 
     the Secretary of Defense from exercising any authority to 
     appoint a recent graduate under section 1106 of the National 
     Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017 (10 U.S.C. 
     note prec. 1580), or any applicable successor statute.
       ``(2) Regulations.--Any regulations prescribed by the 
     Director for the administration of this section shall not 
     apply to the Department of Defense during the period ending 
     on the date on which the appointment authority of the 
     Secretary of Defense under section 1106 of the National 
     Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017 (10 U.S.C. 
     note prec. 1580), or any applicable successor statute, 
     terminates.

     ``Sec. 3116. Expedited hiring authority for post-secondary 
       students; competitive service

       ``(a) Definitions.--In this section:
       ``(1) Director.--The term `Director' means the Director of 
     the Office of Personnel Management.
       ``(2) Institution of higher education.--The term 
     `institution of higher education' has the meaning given the 
     term in section 101(a) of the Higher Education Act of 1965 
     (20 U.S.C. 1001(a)).
       ``(3) Student.--The term `student' means an individual 
     enrolled or accepted for enrollment in an institution of 
     higher education who is pursuing a baccalaureate or graduate 
     degree on at least a part-time basis as determined by the 
     institution of higher education.
       ``(b) Appointment.--
       ``(1) In general.--The head of an agency may make a time-
     limited appointment of a student, without regard to any 
     provision of sections 3309 through 3319 and 3330, to a 
     position in the competitive service at the GS-11 level, or an 
     equivalent level, or below for which the student is 
     qualified.
       ``(2) Restrictions.--An appointment under paragraph (1) 
     shall be made in accordance with regulations prescribed by 
     the Director.
       ``(c) Public Notice.--
       ``(1) In general.--The head of an agency making an 
     appointment under subsection (b) shall publicly advertise 
     positions available under this section.
       ``(2) Requirements.--In carrying out paragraph (1), the 
     head of an agency shall--

[[Page S4119]]

       ``(A) adhere to merit system principles;
       ``(B) advertise positions in a manner that provides for 
     diverse and qualified applicants; and
       ``(C) ensure potential applicants have appropriate 
     information relevant to the positions available.
       ``(d) Limitation on Appointments.--
       ``(1) In general.--Except as provided in paragraph (2), the 
     total number of students that the head of an agency may 
     appoint under this section during a fiscal year may not 
     exceed the number equal to 15 percent of the number of 
     students that the agency head appointed during the previous 
     fiscal year to a position in the competitive service at the 
     GS-11 level, or an equivalent level, or below.
       ``(2) Exceptions.--Under a regulation prescribed under 
     subsection (g), the Director may establish a lower limit on 
     the number of students that may be appointed under paragraph 
     (1) of this subsection during a fiscal year based on any 
     factor the Director considers appropriate.
       ``(e) Conversion.--The head of an agency may, without 
     regard to any provision of chapter 33 or any other provision 
     of law relating to the examination, certification, and 
     appointment of individuals in the competitive service, 
     convert a student serving in an appointment under subsection 
     (b) to a permanent appointment in the competitive service 
     within the agency without further competition if the 
     student--
       ``(1) has completed the course of study leading to the 
     baccalaureate or graduate degree;
       ``(2) has completed not less than 640 hours of current 
     continuous employment in an appointment under subsection (b); 
     and
       ``(3) meets the qualification standards for the position to 
     which the student will be converted.
       ``(f) Termination.--The head of an agency shall, without 
     regard to any provision of chapter 35 or 75, terminate the 
     appointment of a student appointed under subsection (b) upon 
     completion of the designated academic course of study unless 
     the student is selected for conversion under subsection (e).
       ``(g) Regulations.--Not later than 180 days after the date 
     of enactment of this section, the Director shall issue 
     interim regulations, with an opportunity for comment, for the 
     administration of this section.
       ``(h) Reporting.--
       ``(1) In general.--Not later than September 30 of each of 
     the first 3 fiscal years beginning after the date of 
     enactment of this section, the head of an agency that makes 
     an appointment under this section shall submit a report to--
       ``(A) Congress that assesses the impact of the use of the 
     authority provided under this section during the fiscal year 
     in which the report is submitted; and
       ``(B) the Director that contains data that the Director 
     considers necessary for the Director to assess the impact and 
     effectiveness of the authority described in subparagraph (A).
       ``(2) Content.--The head of an agency shall include in each 
     report under paragraph (1)--
       ``(A) the total number of individuals appointed by the 
     agency under this section, as well as the number of such 
     individuals who are--
       ``(i) minorities or members of other underrepresented 
     groups; or
       ``(ii) veterans;
       ``(B) recruitment sources;
       ``(C) the total number of individuals appointed by the 
     agency during the applicable fiscal year to a position in the 
     competitive service at the GS-11 level, or an equivalent 
     level, or below; and
       ``(D) any additional data specified by the Director.
       ``(i) Special Provision Regarding the Department of 
     Defense.--
       ``(1) Authority.--Nothing in this section shall preclude 
     the Secretary of Defense from exercising any authority to 
     appoint a post-secondary student under section 1106 of the 
     National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017 (10 
     U.S.C. note prec. 1580), or any applicable successor statute.
       ``(2) Regulations.--Any regulations prescribed by the 
     Director for the administration of this section shall not 
     apply to the Department of Defense during the period ending 
     on the date on which the appointment authority of the 
     Secretary of Defense under section 1106 of the National 
     Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017 (10 U.S.C. 
     note prec. 1580), or any applicable successor statute, 
     terminates.''.
       (b) Table of Sections Amendment.--The table of sections for 
     subchapter I of chapter 31 of title 5, United States Code, is 
     amended by adding at the end the following:

``3115. Expedited hiring authority for college graduates; competitive 
              service.
``3116. Expedited hiring authority for post-secondary students; 
              competitive service.''.

     SEC. 1123. INCREASE IN MAXIMUM AMOUNT OF VOLUNTARY SEPARATION 
                   INCENTIVE PAY AUTHORIZED FOR CIVILIAN 
                   EMPLOYEES.

       (a) In General.--Section 3523 of title 5, United States 
     Code, is amended--
       (1) in subsection (b)(3)(B), by striking ``$25,000'' and 
     inserting ``$40,000 (as adjusted in accordance with 
     subsection (c))''; and
       (2) by adding at the end the following new subsection:
       ``(c)(1) On March 1 each year, the dollar amount specified 
     in subsection (b)(3)(B) shall be adjusted by the amount 
     determined by the Secretary of Labor to represent the 
     percentage increase, if any, between the Consumer Price Index 
     (all items; United States city average) published for 
     December of the preceding year and that price index published 
     for the December of the year before the preceding year.
       ``(2) A percentage increase under paragraph (1) shall be 
     adjusted to the nearest one-tenth of one percent, and an 
     amount determined under paragraph (1) shall be rounded to the 
     nearest multiple of $1,000 (or, if midway between multiples 
     of $1,000, to the next higher multiple of $1,000).''.
       (b) Department of Defense Employees.--Section 9902(f)(5) of 
     such title is amended--
       (1) in subparagraph (A)(ii), by striking ``$25,000'' and 
     inserting ``an amount determined by the Secretary, not to 
     exceed $40,000 (as adjusted under subparagraph (D)''; and
       (2) by adding at the end the following:
       ``(D)(i) On March 1 each year, the dollar amount specified 
     in subparagraph (A)(ii) shall be adjusted by the amount 
     determined by the Secretary of Labor to represent the 
     percentage increase, if any, between the Consumer Price Index 
     (all items; United States city average) published for 
     December of the preceding year and that price index published 
     for the December of the year before the preceding year.
       ``(ii) A percentage increase under clause (i) shall be 
     adjusted to the nearest one-tenth of one percent, and an 
     amount determined under clause (i) shall be rounded to the 
     nearest multiple of $1,000 (or, if midway between multiples 
     of $1,000, to the next higher multiple of $1,000).''.

     SEC. 1124. ONE-YEAR EXTENSION OF TEMPORARY AUTHORITY TO GRANT 
                   ALLOWANCES, BENEFITS, AND GRATUITIES TO 
                   CIVILIAN PERSONNEL ON OFFICIAL DUTY IN A COMBAT 
                   ZONE.

       Paragraph (2) of section 1603(a) of the Emergency 
     Supplemental Appropriations Act for Defense, the Global War 
     on Terror, and Hurricane Recovery, 2006 (Public Law 109-234; 
     120 Stat. 443), as added by section 1102 of the Duncan Hunter 
     National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2009 
     (Public Law 110-417; 122 Stat. 4616) and most recently 
     amended by section 1108 of the National Defense Authorization 
     Act for Fiscal Year 2018 (Public Law 115-91), is further 
     amended by striking ``2019'' and inserting ``2020''.

     SEC. 1125. ONE-YEAR EXTENSION OF AUTHORITY TO WAIVE ANNUAL 
                   LIMITATION ON PREMIUM PAY AND AGGREGATE 
                   LIMITATION ON PAY FOR FEDERAL CIVILIAN 
                   EMPLOYEES WORKING OVERSEAS.

       Subsection (a) of section 1101 of the Duncan Hunter 
     National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2009 
     (Public Law 110-417; 122 Stat. 4615), as most recently 
     amended by section 1105 of the National Defense Authorization 
     Act for Fiscal Year 2018 (Public Law 115-91), is further 
     amended by striking ``through 2018'' and inserting ``through 
     2019''.

             TITLE XII--MATTERS RELATING TO FOREIGN NATIONS

                  Subtitle A--Assistance and Training

     SEC. 1201. CLARIFICATION OF AUTHORITY FOR USE OF ADVISORS AND 
                   TRAINERS FOR TRAINING OF PERSONNEL OF FOREIGN 
                   MINISTRIES WITH SECURITY MISSIONS UNDER DEFENSE 
                   INSTITUTION CAPACITY BUILDING AUTHORITIES.

       Section 332(b) of title 10, United States Code, is 
     amended--
       (1) in paragraph (1), by striking ``assign civilian 
     employees of the Department of Defense and members of the 
     armed forces as advisors and trainers'' and inserting 
     ``provide advisors or trainers''; and
       (2) in paragraph (2)(B)--
       (A) by striking ``assigned'' each place it appears (other 
     than the last place) and inserting ``provided'';
       (B) by striking ``assigned advisor or trainer'' and 
     inserting ``advisor or trainer so provided''; and
       (C) by striking ``each assignment'' and inserting ``each 
     provision of such an advisor or trainer''.

     SEC. 1202. MODIFICATION TO DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE STATE 
                   PARTNERSHIP PROGRAM.

       Section 341(b)(2) of title 10, United States Code, is 
     amended by inserting ``assistance'' after ``any''.

     SEC. 1203. EXPANSION OF REGIONAL DEFENSE COMBATING TERRORISM 
                   FELLOWSHIP PROGRAM TO INCLUDE IRREGULAR 
                   WARFARE.

       (a) In General.--Section 345 of title 10, United States 
     Code, is amended--
       (1) by redesignating subsections (b) and (c) as subsections 
     (c) and (d), respectively;
       (2) by striking subsection (a) and inserting the following 
     new subsections (a) and (b):
       ``(a) Program Authorized.--
       ``(1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense may carry out a 
     program under which the Secretary may pay any costs 
     associated with the education and training of foreign 
     military officers, ministry of defense officials, or security 
     officials at military or civilian educational institutions, 
     regional centers, conferences, seminars, or other training 
     programs conducted for purposes of regional defense in 
     connection with either of the following:
       ``(A) Combating terrorism.
       ``(B) Irregular warfare.
       ``(2) Covered costs.--Costs for which payment may be made 
     under this section include the costs of transportation and 
     travel and subsistence costs.
       ``(3) Designation.--The program authorized by this section 
     shall be known as the `Regional Defense Combating Terrorism 
     and Irregular Warfare Fellowship Program'.
       ``(b) Regulations.--
       ``(1) In general.--The program authorized by subsection (a) 
     shall be carried out under regulations prescribed by the 
     Secretary of Defense.
       ``(2) Elements.--The regulations shall ensure that--
       ``(A) the Secretary of Defense and the Secretary of State--
       ``(i) jointly develop and plan activities under the program 
     that--

[[Page S4120]]

       ``(I) advance United States security cooperation 
     objectives; and
       ``(II) support theater security cooperation planning of the 
     combatant commands; and

       ``(ii) coordinate on the implementation of activities under 
     the program;
       ``(B) each of the Secretary of Defense and the Secretary of 
     State designates an individual at the lowest appropriate 
     level of the Department of Defense or the Department of 
     State, as applicable, who shall be responsible for program 
     coordination; and
       ``(C) to the extent practicable, activities under the 
     program are appropriately coordinated with, and do not 
     duplicate or conflict with, activities under International 
     Military Education and Training (IMET) authorities.
       ``(3) Submittal to congress.--Upon any update of the 
     regulations, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the 
     Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of 
     Representatives a copy of the regulations as so updated, 
     together with a description of the update.''; and
       (3) in paragraph (3) of subsection (d), as redesignated by 
     paragraph (1) of this subsection, by striking ``in the global 
     war on terrorism''.
       (b) Conforming Amendments.--
       (1) Heading amendment.--The heading of such section is 
     amended to read as follows:

     ``Sec. 345. Regional Defense Combating Terrorism and 
       Irregular Warfare Fellowship Program''.

       (2) Table of sections amendment.--The table of sections at 
     the beginning of subchapter V of chapter 16 of such title is 
     amended by striking the item relating to section 345 and 
     inserting the following new item:

``345. Regional Defense Combating Terrorism and Irregular Warfare 
              Fellowship Program.''.

     SEC. 1204. EXTENSION AND MODIFICATION OF AUTHORITY TO SUPPORT 
                   BORDER SECURITY OPERATIONS OF CERTAIN FOREIGN 
                   COUNTRIES.

       (a) Expansion of Authority.--Paragraph (1) of subsection 
     (a) of section 1226 of the National Defense Authorization Act 
     for Fiscal Year 2016 (22 U.S.C. 2151 note) is amended to read 
     as follows:
       ``(1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense, with the 
     concurrence of the Secretary of State, is authorized to 
     provide support on a reimbursement basis as follows:
       ``(A) To the Government of Jordan for purposes of 
     supporting and enhancing efforts of the armed forces of 
     Jordan to increase security and sustain increased security 
     along the border of Jordan with Syria and Iraq.
       ``(B) To the Government of Lebanon for purposes of 
     supporting and enhancing efforts of the armed forces of 
     Lebanon to increase security and sustain increased security 
     along the border of Lebanon with Syria.
       ``(C) To the Government of Egypt for purposes of supporting 
     and enhancing efforts of the armed forces of Egypt to 
     increase security and sustain increased security along the 
     border of Egypt with Libya.
       ``(D) To the Government of Tunisia for purposes of 
     supporting and enhancing efforts of the armed forces of 
     Tunisia to increase security and sustain increased security 
     along the border of Tunisia with Libya.
       ``(E) To the Government of Oman for purposes of supporting 
     and enhancing efforts of the armed forces of Oman to increase 
     security and sustain increased security along the border of 
     Oman with Yemen.
       ``(F) To the Government of Pakistan for purposes of 
     supporting and enhancing efforts of the armed forces of 
     Pakistan to increase security and sustain increased security 
     along the border of Pakistan with Afghanistan.''.
       (b) Certification.--Subsection (d) of such section is 
     amended to read as follows:
       ``(d) Notice and Certification Before Exercise.--Not later 
     than 15 days before providing support under the authority of 
     subsection (a) to a country that has not previously received 
     such support, the Secretary of Defense, in consultation with 
     the Secretary of State, shall submit to the specified 
     congressional committees a report that--
       ``(1) sets forth a full description of the support to be 
     provided, including--
       ``(A) the purpose of such support;
       ``(B) the amount of support to be provided; and
       ``(C) the anticipated duration of the provision of such 
     support; and
       ``(2) includes a certification that--
       ``(A) the recipient country has taken demonstrable steps to 
     increase security along the border specified for such country 
     in subsection (a); and
       ``(B) the provision of such support is in the interest of 
     United States national security.''.
       (c) Limitation on Reimbursement of Pakistan.--Such section 
     is further amended--
       (1) by redesignating subsections (e) and (f) as subsections 
     (g) and (h), respectively; and
       (2) by inserting after subsection (d) the following new 
     subsection (e):
       ``(e) Limitation on Reimbursement of Pakistan Pending 
     Certification.--No amount of reimbursement support under 
     subsection (a)(1)(F) is authorized to be disbursed to the 
     Government of Pakistan unless the Secretary of Defense 
     certifies to the congressional defense committees that the 
     following conditions are met:
       ``(1) The military and security operations of Pakistan 
     pertaining to border security and ancillary activities for 
     which reimbursement is sought have been coordinated with 
     United States military representatives in advance of the 
     execution of such operations and activities.
       ``(2) The goals and desired outcomes of each such operation 
     or activity have been established and agreed upon in advance 
     by the United States and Pakistan.
       ``(3) A process exists to verify the achievement of the 
     goals and desired outcomes established in accordance with 
     paragraph (2).
       ``(4) The Government of Pakistan is making an effort to 
     actively coordinate with the Government of Afghanistan on 
     issues relating to border security on the Afghanistan-
     Pakistan border.''.
       (d) Quarterly Reports.--Such section is further amended by 
     inserting after subsection (e), as so designated by 
     subsection (c) of this section, the following new subsection 
     (f):
       ``(f) Quarterly Reports.--Not later than 30 days after the 
     end of each fiscal quarter, the Secretary of Defense shall 
     submit to the specified congressional committees a report on 
     reimbursements pursuant to subsection (a) during the 
     preceding fiscal quarter that includes--
       ``(1) an identification of each country reimbursed;
       ``(2) the date of each reimbursement;
       ``(3) a description of any partner nation border security 
     efforts for which reimbursement was provided;
       ``(4) an assessment of the value of partner nation border 
     security efforts for which reimbursement was provided;
       ``(5) the total amounts of reimbursement provided to each 
     partner nation in the preceding four fiscal quarters; and
       ``(6) such other matters as the Secretary considers 
     appropriate.''.
       (e) Extension.--Subsection (h) of such section, as so 
     redesignated, is amended by striking ``December 31, 2019'' 
     and inserting ``December 31, 2021''.

     SEC. 1205. LEGAL AND POLICY REVIEW OF ADVISE, ASSIST, AND 
                   ACCOMPANY MISSIONS.

       (a) In General.--Not later than 120 days after the date of 
     the enactment of this Act, the Under Secretary of Defense for 
     Policy shall, in coordination with the General Counsel of the 
     Department of Defense and the commanders of appropriate 
     combatant commands, submit to the congressional defense 
     committees a report on a review, conducted for purposes of 
     the report, of the legal and policy frameworks associated 
     with advise, assist, and accompany missions by United States 
     military personnel.
       (b) Elements.--The report and review required by subsection 
     (a) shall include the following:
       (1) An analysis of the risks and benefits of United States 
     military personnel conducting advise, assist, and accompany 
     missions with foreign partner forces, and an assessment of 
     the relation of such risks and benefits to United States 
     security objectives.
       (2) A review of execute orders in order to ensure that such 
     orders comply with United States law for the employment of 
     United States military personnel and capabilities to advise, 
     assist, and accompany foreign partner forces.
       (3) An assessment whether the legal and policy frameworks 
     applicable to advise, assist, and accompany missions by 
     United States military personnel are adequately communicated 
     to and understood at all levels of operational command.
       (4) An assessment whether approvals related to advise, 
     assist, and accompany missions are taken at the appropriate 
     level of command.
       (5) A definition, and policy guidance, for the appropriate 
     use in execute orders of each of the following:
       (A) Advise
       (B) Assist.
       (C) Accompany.
       (D) Collective self defense.
       (E) Last point of cover and conceal.
       (6) Any other matters the Under Secretary considers 
     appropriate.
       (c) Form.--The report required by subsection (a) shall be 
     submitted in unclassified form, but may include a classified 
     annex.

     SEC. 1206. TECHNICAL CORRECTIONS RELATING TO DEFENSE SECURITY 
                   COOPERATION STATUTORY REORGANIZATION.

       (a) Chapter References.--The following provisions of law 
     are amended by striking ``chapter 15'' and inserting 
     ``chapter 13'':
       (1) Section 886(a)(5) of the Homeland Security Act of 2002 
     (6 U.S.C. 466(a)(5)).
       (2) Section 332(a)(1) of the Consolidated Farm and Rural 
     Development Act (7 U.S.C. 1982(a)(1)).
       (3) Section 101(a)(13)(B) of title 10, United States Code.
       (4) Section 115(i)(6) of title 10, United States Code.
       (5) Section 12304(c)(1) of title 10, United States Code.
       (6) Section 484C(c)(3)(C)(v)) of the Higher Education Act 
     of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 1091c(c)(3)(C)(v)).
       (b) Section References.--
       (1) Title 10, United States Code, is amended--
       (A) in section 386(c)(1), by striking ``Sections 311, 321, 
     331, 332, 333,'' and inserting ``Sections 246, 251, 252, 253, 
     321,''; and
       (B) in section 10541(b)(9), in the matter preceding 
     subparagraph (A), by striking ``sections 331, 332, 333,'' and 
     inserting ``sections 251, 252, 253,''.
       (2) Section 484C(c)(3)(C)(i) of the Higher Education Act of 
     1965 (20 U.S.C. 1091c(c)(3)(C)(i)) is amended by striking 
     ``section 331, 332,'' and inserting ``section 251, 252,''.

     SEC. 1207. NAVAL SMALL CRAFT INSTRUCTION AND TECHNICAL 
                   TRAINING SCHOOL.

       (a) School Authorized.--
       (1) In general.--Subchapter V of chapter 16 of title 10, 
     United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the 
     following new section:

     ``Sec. 351. Naval Small Craft Instruction and Technical 
       Training School

       ``(a) In General.--The Secretary of Defense may operate an 
     education and training facility known as the `Naval Small 
     Craft Instruction and Technical Training School' (in this 
     section referred to as the `School').
       ``(b) Designation of Executive Agent.--The Secretary of 
     Defense shall designate the Secretary of a military 
     department as the Department of Defense executive agent for 
     carrying out

[[Page S4121]]

     the responsibilities of the Secretary of Defense under this 
     section.
       ``(c) Purpose.--The purpose of the School shall be to 
     provide to the military and other security forces of one or 
     more friendly foreign countries education and training to 
     increase professionalism, readiness, and respect for human 
     rights through--
       ``(1) formal courses of instruction; and
       ``(2) mobile training teams for--
       ``(A) the operation, employment, maintenance, and logistics 
     of specialized equipment;
       ``(B) participation in--
       ``(i) joint exercises; or
       ``(ii) coalition or international military operations; and
       ``(C) improved interoperability between--
       ``(i) the armed forces; and
       ``(ii) the military and other security forces of the one or 
     more friendly foreign countries.
       ``(d) Personnel Eligible to Receive Education and 
     Training.--
       ``(1) Limitation.--The Secretary of Defense may not provide 
     education or training at the School to any personnel of a 
     country that is prohibited from receiving such education or 
     training under any other provision of law.
       ``(2) Consultation in selection.--The Secretary of Defense 
     shall consult with the Secretary of State in the selection of 
     foreign personnel to be provided education and training at 
     the School.
       ``(e) Fixed Costs.--The fixed costs of operation and 
     maintenance of the School in a fiscal year may be paid from 
     amounts made available for such fiscal year for operation and 
     maintenance of the Department of Defense.
       ``(f) Annual Report.--Not later than March 15 each year, 
     the Secretary of Defense, in consultation with the Secretary 
     of State, shall submit to the appropriate congressional 
     committees a detailed report on the activities and operating 
     costs of the School during the preceding fiscal year.''.
       (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at the 
     beginning of subchapter V of chapter 16 of such title is 
     amended by adding at the end the following new item:

``351. Naval Small Craft Instruction and Technical Training School.''.
       (b) Report Required.--Not later than 60 days after the date 
     of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall 
     submit to the congressional defense committees a report that 
     sets forth the following:
       (1) The budget requirements for the operation and 
     sustainment of the Naval Small Craft Instruction and 
     Technical Training School authorized by section 351 of title 
     10, United States Code (as added by subsection (a)), during 
     the period of the future-years defense program submitted to 
     Congress in fiscal year 2019, including--
       (A) a description of the budget requirements relating to 
     the School for--
       (i) Major Force Program-2; and
       (ii) Major Force Program-11; and
       (B) an identification of any other source of funding for 
     the School.
       (2) The anticipated requirements for facilities for the 
     School.
       (3) An identification of the Secretary of a military 
     department designated by the Secretary of Defense as 
     executive agent for the School under subsection (b) of such 
     section.
       (4) The anticipated military construction and facilities 
     renovation requirements for the School during such period.
       (5) Any other matter relating to the School that the 
     Secretary of Defense considers appropriate.
       (c) Limitation on Use of Funds.--
       (1) In general.--Nothing in section 351 of title 10, United 
     States Code (as so added), may be construed as authorizing 
     the use of funds appropriated for the Department of Defense 
     for any purpose described in paragraph (2) unless 
     specifically authorized by an Act of Congress other than that 
     section or this Act.
       (2) Purposes.--The purposes described in this paragraph are 
     the following:
       (A) The operation of a facility other than the Naval Small 
     Craft Instruction and Technical Training School that is in 
     operation as of the date of the enactment of this Act for the 
     provision of education and training authorized to be provided 
     by the School.
       (B) The construction or expansion of any facility of the 
     School.

        Subtitle B--Matters Relating to Afghanistan and Pakistan

     SEC. 1211. AFGHANISTAN SECURITY FORCES FUND.

       (a) Continuation of Prior Authorities and Notice and 
     Reporting Requirements.--Funds available to the Department of 
     Defense for the Afghanistan Security Forces Fund for fiscal 
     year 2019 shall be subject to the conditions contained in--
       (1) subsections (b) through (f) of section 1513 of the 
     National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2008 
     (Public Law 110-181; 122 Stat. 428), as most recently amended 
     by section 1521(d)(2)(A) of the National Defense 
     Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328; 
     130 Stat. 2577); and
       (2) section 1521(d)(1) of the National Defense 
     Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017.
       (b) Use of Funds.--Section 1513(b)(1) of the National 
     Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2008 is amended by 
     striking ``security forces of Afghanistan'' and inserting 
     ``security forces of the Ministry of Defense and the Ministry 
     of the Interior of the Government of the Islamic Republic of 
     Afghanistan''.
       (c) Equipment Disposition.--
       (1) Acceptance of certain equipment.--Subject to paragraph 
     (2), the Secretary of Defense may accept equipment that is 
     procured using amounts authorized to be appropriated for the 
     Afghanistan Security Forces Fund by this Act and is intended 
     for transfer to the security forces of Afghanistan, but is 
     not accepted by such security forces.
       (2) Conditions on acceptance of equipment.--Before 
     accepting any equipment under the authority provided by 
     paragraph (1), the Commander of United States forces in 
     Afghanistan shall make a determination that such equipment 
     was procured for the purpose of meeting requirements of the 
     security forces of Afghanistan, as agreed to by both the 
     Government of Afghanistan and the Government of the United 
     States, but is no longer required by such security forces or 
     was damaged before transfer to such security forces.
       (3) Elements of determination.--In making a determination 
     under paragraph (2) regarding equipment, the Commander of 
     United States forces in Afghanistan shall consider 
     alternatives to the acceptance of such equipment by the 
     Secretary. An explanation of each determination, including 
     the basis for the determination and the alternatives 
     considered, shall be included in the relevant quarterly 
     report required under paragraph (5).
       (4) Treatment as department of defense stocks.--Equipment 
     accepted under the authority provided by paragraph (1) may be 
     treated as stocks of the Department of Defense upon 
     notification to the congressional defense committees of such 
     treatment.
       (5) Quarterly reports on equipment disposition.--
       (A) In general.--Not later than 90 days after the date of 
     the enactment of this Act and every 90-day period thereafter 
     during which the authority provided by paragraph (1) is 
     exercised, the Secretary shall submit to the congressional 
     defense committees a report describing the equipment accepted 
     during the period covered by such report under the following:
       (i) This subsection.
       (ii) Section 1521(b) of the National Defense Authorization 
     Act for Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328; 130 Stat. 
     2575).
       (iii) Section 1531(b) of the National Defense Authorization 
     Act for Fiscal Year 2016 (Public Law 114-92; 129 Stat. 1088).
       (iv) Section 1532(b) of the Carl Levin and Howard P. 
     ``Buck'' McKeon National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
     Year 2015 (Public Law 113-291; 128 Stat. 3613).
       (v) Section 1531(d) of the National Defense Authorization 
     Act for Fiscal Year 2014 (Public Law 113-66; 127 Stat. 938; 
     10 U.S.C. 2302 note).
       (B) Elements.--Each report under subparagraph (A) shall 
     include a list of all equipment that was accepted during the 
     period covered by such report and treated as stocks of the 
     Department of Defense and copies of the determinations made 
     under paragraph (2), as required by paragraph (3).
       (d) Security of Afghan Women.--
       (1) In general.--Of the funds available to the Department 
     of Defense for the Afghan Security Forces Fund for fiscal 
     year 2019, it is the goal that $25,000,000, but in no event 
     less than $10,000,000, shall be used for--
       (A) the recruitment, integration, retention, training, and 
     treatment of women in the Afghan National Defense and 
     Security Forces; and
       (B) the recruitment, training, and contracting of female 
     security personnel for future elections.
       (2) Types of programs and activities.--Such programs and 
     activities may include--
       (A) efforts to recruit women into the Afghan National 
     Defense and Security Forces, including the special operations 
     forces;
       (B) programs and activities of the Afghan Ministry of 
     Defense Directorate of Human Rights and Gender Integration 
     and the Afghan Ministry of Interior Office of Human Rights, 
     Gender and Child Rights;
       (C) development and dissemination of gender and human 
     rights educational and training materials and programs within 
     the Afghan Ministry of Defense and the Afghan Ministry of 
     Interior;
       (D) efforts to address harassment and violence against 
     women within the Afghan National Defense and Security Forces;
       (E) improvements to infrastructure that address the 
     requirements of women serving in the Afghan National Defense 
     and Security Forces, including appropriate equipment for 
     female security and police forces, and transportation for 
     policewomen to their station;
       (F) support for Afghanistan National Police Family Response 
     Units; and
       (G) security provisions for high-profile female police and 
     military officers.
       (e) Assessment of Afghanistan Progress on Security 
     Objectives.--
       (1) Assessment required.--Not later than May 1, 2019, the 
     Secretary of Defense shall, in consultation with the 
     Secretary of State, submit to the Committee on Armed Services 
     and the Committee on Foreign Affairs of the House of 
     Representatives and the Committee on Armed Services and the 
     Committee on Foreign Relations of the Senate an assessment 
     describing the progress of the Government of the Islamic 
     Republic of Afghanistan toward meeting shared security 
     objectives. In conducting such assessment, the Secretary of 
     Defense shall consider each of the following:
       (A) The extent to which the Government of Afghanistan has 
     taken steps toward increased accountability and reducing 
     corruption within the Ministries of Defense and Interior.
       (B) The extent to which the capability and capacity of the 
     Afghan National Defense and Security Forces have improved as 
     a result of Afghanistan Security Forces Fund investment, 
     including through training.
       (C) The extent to which the Afghan National Defense and 
     Security Forces have been able to increase pressure on the 
     Taliban, al-Qaeda, the Haqqani network, and other terrorist 
     organizations, including by re-taking territory, defending 
     territory, and disrupting attacks.
       (D) Whether or not the Government of Afghanistan is 
     ensuring that supplies, equipment,

[[Page S4122]]

     and weaponry supplied by the United States are appropriately 
     distributed to security forces charged with fighting the 
     Taliban and other terrorist organizations.
       (E) The extent to which the Government of Afghanistan has 
     designated the appropriate staff, prioritized the development 
     of relevant processes, and provided or requested the 
     allocation of resources necessary to support a peace and 
     reconciliation process in Afghanistan.
       (F) Such other factors as the Secretaries consider 
     appropriate.
       (2) Withholding of assistance for insufficient progress.--
       (A) In general.--If the Secretary of Defense determines, in 
     coordination with the Secretary of State, pursuant to the 
     assessment under paragraph (1) that the Government of 
     Afghanistan has made insufficient progress, the Secretary of 
     Defense may withhold assistance for the Afghan National 
     Defense and Security Forces until such time as the Secretary 
     determines sufficient progress has been made.
       (B) Notice to congress.--If the Secretary of Defense 
     withholds assistance under subparagraph (A), the Secretary 
     shall, in coordination with the Secretary of State, provide 
     notice to Congress not later than 30 days after making the 
     decision to withhold such assistance.

     SEC. 1212. EXTENSION AND MODIFICATION OF AUTHORITY FOR 
                   REIMBURSEMENT OF CERTAIN COALITION NATIONS FOR 
                   SUPPORT PROVIDED TO UNITED STATES MILITARY 
                   OPERATIONS.

       (a) Extension.--Subsection (a) of section 1233 of the 
     National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2008 
     (Public Law 110-181; 122 Stat. 393), as most recently amended 
     by section 1212 of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
     Fiscal Year 2018 (Public Law 115-91), is further amended--
       (1) in the matter preceding paragraph (1), by striking 
     ``October 1, 2017, and ending on December 31, 2018'' and 
     inserting ``October 1, 2018, and ending on December 31, 
     2019''; and
       (2) by amending paragraph (2) to read as follows:
       ``(2) Pakistan for certain activities meant to enhance the 
     security situation in the Afghanistan-Pakistan border region 
     pursuant to section 1226 of the National Defense 
     Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2016 (22 U.S.C. 2151 note), 
     as amended by the John S. McCain National Defense 
     Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2019.''.
       (b) Modification to Limitations.--Subsection (d) of such 
     section is amended--
       (1) in paragraph (1)--
       (A) in the first sentence--
       (i) by striking ``October 1, 2017, and ending on December 
     31, 2018'' and inserting ``October 1, 2018, and ending on 
     December 31, 2019''; and
       (ii) by striking ``$900,000,000'' and inserting 
     ``$350,000,000''; and
       (B) by striking the second sentence; and
       (2) by striking paragraph (3).
       (c) Repeal of Provision Relating to Reimbursement to 
     Pakistan for Security Enhancement Activities.--Such section 
     is further amended--
       (1) by striking subsection (e); and
       (2) by redesignating subsections (f) through (h) as 
     subsections (e) through (g), respectively.
       (d) Notice to Congress.--Paragraph (1) of subsection (e) of 
     such section, as redesignated by subsection (c) of this 
     section, is amended by striking the second sentence.

     SEC. 1213. EXTENSION OF AUTHORITY TO TRANSFER DEFENSE 
                   ARTICLES AND PROVIDE DEFENSE SERVICES TO THE 
                   MILITARY AND SECURITY FORCES OF AFGHANISTAN.

       (a) Extension.--Subsection (h) of section 1222 of the 
     National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2013 
     (Public Law 112-239; 126 Stat. 1992), as most recently 
     amended by section 1211 of the National Defense Authorization 
     Act for Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 115-91), is further 
     amended by striking ``December 31, 2018'' and inserting 
     ``December 31, 2019''.
       (b) Excess Defense Articles.--Subsection (i)(2) of such 
     section, as so amended, is further amended by striking 
     ``December 31, 2018'' each place it appears and inserting 
     ``December 31, 2019''.

     SEC. 1214. MODIFICATION OF REPORTING REQUIREMENTS FOR SPECIAL 
                   IMMIGRANT VISAS FOR AFGHAN ALLIES PROGRAM.

       Section 602 of the Afghan Allies Protection Act of 2009 (8 
     U.S.C. 1101 note) is amended--
       (1) in subsection (b)--
       (A) by striking paragraph (10);
       (B) by redesignating paragraphs (11) through (16) as 
     paragraphs (10) through (15), respectively;
       (C) in paragraph (11)(A), as so redesignated, by striking 
     ``the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 
     2014'' and inserting ``the John S. McCain National Defense 
     Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2019'';
       (D) in paragraph (12), as so redesignated, by striking 
     ``paragraph (12)(B)'' and inserting ``paragraph (11)(B)''; 
     and
       (E) in paragraph (13), as so redesignated, in the matter 
     preceding subparagraph (A), by striking ``a report to the'' 
     and all that follows through ``House of Representatives'' and 
     inserting ``a report to the appropriate committees of 
     Congress'';
       (2) by striking subsection (c); and
       (3) by redesignating subsection (d) as subsection (c).

         Subtitle C--Matters Relating to Syria, Iraq, and Iran

     SEC. 1221. EXTENSION OF AUTHORITY TO PROVIDE ASSISTANCE TO 
                   COUNTER THE ISLAMIC STATE OF IRAQ AND SYRIA.

       (a) Extension.--Subsection (a) of section 1236 of the Carl 
     Levin and Howard P. ``Buck'' McKeon National Defense 
     Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2015 (Public Law 113-291; 
     128 Stat. 3558), as most recently amended by section 1222 of 
     the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2018 
     (Public Law 115-91), is further amended by striking 
     ``December 31, 2019'' and inserting ``December 31, 2020''.
       (b) Funding.--Subsection (g) of such section 1236, as most 
     recently so amended, is further amended--
       (1) by striking ``for the Department of Defense for 
     Overseas Contingency Operations for fiscal year 2018'' and 
     inserting ``for the Department of Defense for Overseas 
     Contingency Operations for fiscal year 2019''; and
       (2) by striking ``$1,269,000,000'' and inserting 
     ``$850,000,000''.
       (c) Limitation of Use of Fiscal Year 2019 Funds.--Of the 
     amounts authorized to be appropriated for fiscal year 2019 by 
     this Act for activities under the authority in section 1236 
     of the Carl Levin and Howard P. ``Buck'' McKeon National 
     Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2015, as amended by 
     this section, not more than $450,000,000 may be obligated or 
     expended for such activities until the date on which the 
     Secretary of Defense has submitted to the congressional 
     defense committees each of the following:
       (1) The report on the United States strategy in Iraq 
     required by the joint explanatory statement of the committee 
     of the conference accompanying Conference Report 115-404.
       (2) A report setting forth the following:
       (A) An explanation of the purpose of a continuing United 
     States military presence in Iraq, including--
       (i) an explanation of the national security objectives of 
     the United States with respect to Iraq;
       (ii) a detailed description of--

       (I) the size of a continuing United States military 
     presence in Iraq; and
       (II) the roles and missions associated with a continuing 
     United States military presence in Iraq; and

       (iii) a delineation of the responsibilities in connection 
     with a continuing United States military presence in Iraq 
     of--

       (I) the Combined Joint Task Force Operation Inherent 
     Resolve (or a successor task force);
       (II) the Office of Security Cooperation in Iraq; and
       (III) other United States embassy-based military personnel.

       (B) An identification of the specific units of the Iraqi 
     Security Forces to receive training and equipment or other 
     support in fiscal year 2019.
       (C) A plan for ensuring that any vehicles and equipment 
     provided to the Iraqi Security Forces pursuant to that 
     authority are maintained in subsequent fiscal years using 
     funds of Iraq.
       (D) An estimate, by fiscal year, of the funding anticipated 
     to be required for support of the Iraqi Security Forces 
     pursuant to that authority during the five fiscal years 
     beginning with fiscal year 2020.
       (E) A detailed plan for the obligation and expenditure of 
     the funds requested for fiscal year 2019 for the Department 
     of Defense for Operational Sustainment of the Iraqi Security 
     Forces.
       (F) A plan for the transition to the Government of Iraq of 
     responsibility for funding for Operational Sustainment of the 
     Iraqi Security Forces for fiscal years after fiscal year 
     2019.
       (G) A description of any actions carried out under this 
     paragraph.

     SEC. 1222. EXTENSION AND MODIFICATION OF AUTHORITY TO PROVIDE 
                   ASSISTANCE TO THE VETTED SYRIAN OPPOSITION.

       (a) Extension.--Section 1209(a) of the Carl Levin and 
     Howard P. ``Buck'' McKeon National Defense Authorization Act 
     for Fiscal Year 2015 (Public Law 113-291; 128 Stat. 3559), as 
     most recently amended by section 1221(a) of the National 
     Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 
     114-328; 130 Stat. 2485), is further amended by striking 
     ``December 31, 2018'' and inserting ``December 31, 2019''.
       (b) Limitation on Use of Funds in General.--
       (1) Limitation.--None of the funds authorized to be 
     appropriated for fiscal year 2019 for the Department of 
     Defense may be obligated or expended for activities under the 
     authority in section 1209 of the Carl Levin and Howard P. 
     ``Buck'' McKeon National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
     Year 2015, as amended by subsection (a), until the later of 
     the following:
       (A) The date on which the President submits the report on 
     United States strategy in Syria required by section 1221 of 
     the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2018 
     (Public Law 115-91).
       (B) The date that is 30 days after the date on which the 
     Secretary of Defense submits the report described in 
     paragraph (2).
       (2) Report.--Not later than 90 days after the date of the 
     enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall submit to the 
     congressional defense committees a report setting forth the 
     following:
       (A) A detailed description of the internal security forces 
     of the vetted Syrian opposition to be trained and equipped 
     under such authority, including a description of their 
     geographic locations, demographic profiles, political 
     affiliations, current capabilities, and relation to the 
     objectives under the authority in section 1209 of the Carl 
     Levin and Howard P. ``Buck'' McKeon National Defense 
     Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2015, as amended by 
     subsection (a).
       (B) A detailed description of planned capabilities, 
     including categories of equipment, intended to be provided to 
     the elements of the vetted Syrian opposition under such 
     authority.
       (C) A description of the planned level of engagement by 
     United States forces with the elements of the vetted Syrian 
     opposition after such elements of the vetted Syrian 
     opposition have been trained and equipped under such 
     authority, including the oversight of equipment provided 
     under such authority and the activities conducted by such 
     vetted Syrian opposition forces.
       (D) An explanation of the processes and mechanisms for 
     local commanders of the vetted

[[Page S4123]]

     Syrian opposition to exercise command and control of the 
     elements of the vetted Syrian opposition after such elements 
     of the vetted Syrian opposition have been trained and 
     equipped under such authority.
       (E) An explanation of complementary local governance and 
     other stabilization activities in areas in which elements of 
     the local internal security forces trained and equipped under 
     such authority will be operating and the relation of such 
     local governance and other stabilization activities to the 
     oversight of such security forces.
       (c) Additional Limitations on Use of Funds During Fiscal 
     Year 2019.--
       (1) Certifications in connection with use of funds.--Not 
     later than 120 days after the date of the enactment of this 
     Act, and every 120 days thereafter, the Secretary shall 
     submit to the congressional defense committees a written 
     certification on the following:
       (A) Whether, during the 120-day period ending on the date 
     of the certification, demonstrable progress was made--
       (i) to retake control of territory in Syria from the 
     Islamic State of Iraq and Syria (ISIS); or
       (ii) to stabilize areas in Syria formerly held by the 
     Islamic State of Iraq and Syria.
       (B) Whether, during such period, the vetted Syrian 
     opposition tasked with conducting local security operations 
     that United States forces are training and equipping under 
     the authority in section 1209 of the Carl Levin and Howard P. 
     ``Buck'' McKeon National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
     Year 2015, as amended by subsection (a), were demographically 
     representative of the local communities and serve local 
     governance bodies that are similarly representative of the 
     local communities.
       (C) Whether, during such period, the Department of Defense 
     took actions to mitigate any pause in offensive operations 
     against the Islamic State of Iraq and Syria through the 
     training, equipping, and assistance of the vetted Syrian 
     opposition.
       (D) Whether, during such period, support provided under the 
     authority referred to in subparagraph (B) was consistent with 
     United States standards regarding respect for human rights, 
     rule of law, and support for stable and equitable governance.
       (E) Whether, during such period, members of the vetted 
     Syrian opposition receiving support under the authority 
     referred to in subparagraph (B) continued to demonstrate 
     respect for human rights and rule of law, violations of human 
     rights and rule of law by such members were appropriately 
     investigated, and the individuals responsible for such 
     violations were appropriately held accountable.
       (2) Limitation.--If the Secretary does not make a 
     certification by the deadline for submittal required for the 
     certification under paragraph (1), or is unable in the 
     certification to certify each of the matters specified in 
     that paragraph, no support may be provided to the vetted 
     Syrian opposition under the authority in section 1209 of the 
     Carl Levin and Howard P. ``Buck'' McKeon National Defense 
     Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2015, as amended by 
     subsection (a), during the period that--
       (A) begins on the deadline for submittal of the 
     certification (if the certification is not made) or the date 
     of the certification (if the certification does not certify 
     each of the matters), as applicable; and
       (B) ends on the date on which a certification is submitted 
     under paragraph (1) that certifies each of the matters.

     SEC. 1223. EXTENSION AND MODIFICATION OF AUTHORITY TO SUPPORT 
                   OPERATIONS AND ACTIVITIES OF THE OFFICE OF 
                   SECURITY COOPERATION IN IRAQ.

       (a) Extension of Authority.--Subsection (f)(1) of section 
     1215 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
     Year 2012 (10 U.S.C. 113 note) is amended by striking 
     ``fiscal year 2018'' and inserting ``fiscal year 2019''.
       (b) Amount Available.--
       (1) In general.--Such section is further amended--
       (A) in subsection (c), by striking ``fiscal year 2018 may 
     not exceed $42,000,000'' and inserting ``fiscal year 2019 may 
     not exceed $45,300,000''; and
       (B) in subsection (d), by striking ``fiscal year 2018'' and 
     inserting ``fiscal year 2019''.
       (2) Limitation of use of fiscal year 2019 funds pending 
     reports.--Of the amount available for fiscal year 2019 for 
     section 1215 of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
     Fiscal Year 2012, as amended by this section, not more than 
     an amount equal to 25 percent of such amount may be obligated 
     or expended for the Office of Security Cooperation in Iraq 
     until 30 days after the later of--
       (A) the date on which the report on the United States 
     strategy on Iraq required by the joint explanatory statement 
     of the committee of the conference accompanying Conference 
     Report 115-404 is submitted to the congressional defense 
     committees; and
       (B) the date on which the report required under subsection 
     (c) is submitted to the appropriate committees of Congress.
       (c) Report.--
       (1) In general.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
     the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense, in 
     cooperation with the Secretary of State, shall submit to the 
     appropriate committees of Congress a report on the Office of 
     Security Cooperation in Iraq.
       (2) Elements.--The report required by paragraph (1) shall 
     include the following:
       (A) A description of the enduring planned size and missions 
     of the Office of Security Cooperation in Iraq after the 
     cessation of major combat operations against the Islamic 
     State of Iraq and Syria.
       (B) A description of the relationship between the Office of 
     Security Cooperation in Iraq and any planned enduring 
     presence of other United States forces in Iraq.
       (C) A detailed description of any activity to be conducted 
     by the Office of Security Cooperation in Iraq in fiscal year 
     2019.
       (D) A plan and timeline for the normalization of the Office 
     of Security Cooperation in Iraq to conform to other offices 
     of security cooperation, including the transition of funding 
     from the Department of Defense to the Department of State by 
     the beginning of fiscal year 2020.
       (E) Such other matters with respect to the Office of 
     Security Cooperation in Iraq as the Secretary of Defense and 
     the Secretary of State consider appropriate.
       (d) Appropriate Committees of Congress Defined.--In this 
     section, the term ``appropriate committees of Congress'' 
     means--
       (1) the Committee on Armed Services and the Committee on 
     Foreign Relations of the Senate; and
       (2) the Committee on Armed Services and the Committee on 
     Foreign Affairs of the House of Representatives.

     SEC. 1224. SYRIA STUDY GROUP.

       (a) Establishment.--There is established a working group to 
     be known as the ``Syria Study Group'' (in this section 
     referred to as the ``Group'').
       (b) Purpose.--The purpose of the Group is to examine and 
     make recommendations on the military and diplomatic strategy 
     of the United States with respect to the conflict in Syria.
       (c) Composition.--
       (1) Membership.--The Group shall be composed of 12 members, 
     who shall be appointed as follows:
       (A) One member appointed by the chair of the Committee on 
     Armed Services of the Senate.
       (B) One member appointed by the ranking minority member of 
     the Committee on Armed Services of the Senate.
       (C) One member appointed by the chair of the Committee on 
     Foreign Relations of the Senate.
       (D) One member appointed by the ranking minority member of 
     the Committee on Foreign Relations of the Senate.
       (E) One member appointed by the chair of the Committee on 
     Armed Services of the House of Representatives.
       (F) One member appointed by the ranking minority member of 
     the Committee on Armed Services of the House of 
     Representatives.
       (G) One member appointed by the chair of the Committee on 
     Foreign Affairs of the House of Representatives.
       (H) One member appointed by the ranking minority member of 
     the Committee on Foreign Affairs of the House of 
     Representatives.
       (I) One member appointed by the majority leader of the 
     Senate.
       (J) One member appointed by the minority leader of the 
     Senate.
       (K) One member appointed by the Speaker of the House of 
     Representatives.
       (L) One member appointed by the minority leader of the 
     House of Representatives.
       (2) Co-chairs.--
       (A) Of the members of the Group, one co-chair shall be 
     jointly designated by--
       (i) the chairs of the Committee on Armed Services and the 
     Committee on Foreign Relations of the Senate;
       (ii) the chairs of the Committee on Armed Services and the 
     Committee on Foreign Affairs of the House of Representatives;
       (iii) the majority leader of the Senate; and
       (iv) the Speaker of the House of Representatives.
       (B) Of the members of the Group, one co-chair shall be 
     jointly designated by--
       (i) the ranking minority members of the Committee on Armed 
     Services and the Committee on Foreign Relations of the 
     Senate;
       (ii) the ranking minority members of the Committee on Armed 
     Services and the Committee on Foreign Affairs of the House of 
     Representatives;
       (iii) the minority leader of the Senate; and
       (iv) the minority leader of the House of Representatives.
       (3) Period of appointment.--A member shall be appointed for 
     the life of the Group.
       (4) Vacancies.--Any vacancy in the Group shall be filled in 
     the same manner as the original appointment.
       (d) Duties.--
       (1) Review.--The Group shall conduct a review on the 
     current United States military and diplomatic strategy with 
     respect to the conflict in Syria that includes a review of 
     current United States objectives in Syria and the desired end 
     state in Syria.
       (2) Assessment and recommendations.--The Group shall--
       (A) conduct a comprehensive assessment of the current 
     situation in Syria, the impact of such situation on 
     neighboring countries, the resulting regional and 
     geopolitical threats to the United States, and current 
     military, diplomatic, and political efforts to achieve a 
     stable Syria; and
       (B) develop recommendations on the military and diplomatic 
     strategy of the United States with respect to the conflict in 
     Syria.
       (e) Cooperation of United States Government.--
       (1) In general.--The Group shall receive the full and 
     timely cooperation of the Secretary of Defense, the Secretary 
     of State, and the Director of National Intelligence in 
     providing the Group with analyses, briefings, and other 
     information necessary for the discharge of the duties of the 
     Group under subsection (d).
       (2) Liaison.--The Secretary of Defense, the Secretary of 
     State, and the Director of National Intelligence shall each 
     designate at least one officer or employee of the Department 
     of Defense, the Department of State, and the Office of the 
     Director of National Intelligence, respectively, to serve as 
     a liaison to the Group.
       (3) Facilitation.--The United States Institute of Peace 
     shall take appropriate actions to

[[Page S4124]]

     facilitate the Group in the discharge of the duties of the 
     Group under this section.
       (f) Reports.--
       (1) Final report.--
       (A) In general.--Not later than June 30, 2019, the Group 
     shall submit to the President, the Secretary of Defense, the 
     Committee on Armed Services and the Committee on Foreign 
     Relations of the Senate, the Committee on Armed Services and 
     the Committee on Foreign Affairs of the House of 
     Representatives, the majority and minority leaders of the 
     Senate, the Speaker of the House of Representatives, and the 
     minority leader of the House of Representatives a report that 
     sets forth the findings, conclusions, and recommendations of 
     the Group under this section.
       (B) Elements.--The report required by subparagraph (A) 
     shall include each of the following:
       (i) An assessment of the current security, political, 
     humanitarian, and economic situations in Syria.
       (ii) An assessment of the current participation and 
     objectives of the various external actors in Syria.
       (iii) An assessment of the consequences of continued 
     conflict in Syria.
       (iv) Recommendations for a resolution to the conflict in 
     Syria, including--

       (I) options for a gradual political transition to a post-
     Assad Syria; and
       (II) actions necessary for reconciliation.

       (v) A roadmap for a United States and coalition strategy to 
     reestablish security and governance in Syria, including 
     recommendations for the synchronization of stabilization, 
     development, counterterrorism, and reconstruction efforts.
       (vi) Any other matter with respect to the conflict in Syria 
     that the Group considers to be appropriate.
       (2) Interim report.--Not later than February 1, 2019, the 
     Group shall submit to the Committee on Armed Services and the 
     Committee on Foreign Relations of the Senate, the Committee 
     on Armed Services and the Committee on Foreign Affairs of the 
     House of Representatives, the majority and minority leaders 
     of the Senate, the Speaker of the House of Representatives, 
     and the minority leader of the House of Representatives a 
     report that describes the status of the review and assessment 
     under subsection (d) and any interim recommendations 
     developed by the Group as of the date of the briefing.
       (3) Form of report.--The report submitted to Congress under 
     paragraph (1) shall be submitted in unclassified form, but 
     may include a classified annex.
       (g) Termination.--The Group shall terminate on the date 
     that is 180 days after the date on which the Group submits 
     the report required by subsection (f)(1).

     SEC. 1225. MODIFICATION OF ANNUAL REPORT ON MILITARY POWER OF 
                   IRAN.

       Section 1245(b) of the National Defense Authorization Act 
     for Fiscal Year 2010 (10 U.S.C. 113 note) is amended--
       (1) in paragraph (3)(B), by inserting ``the Houthis,'' 
     after ``Hamas,''; and
       (2) in paragraph (7)--
       (A) by inserting ``the Russian Federation,'' after 
     ``Pakistan,''; and
       (B) by inserting ``trafficking or'' before ``development''.

   Subtitle D--Matters Relating to Europe and the Russian Federation

     SEC. 1231. EXTENSION OF LIMITATION ON MILITARY COOPERATION 
                   BETWEEN THE UNITED STATES AND THE RUSSIAN 
                   FEDERATION.

       (a) Extension.--Subsection (a) of section 1232 of the 
     National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017 
     (Public Law 114-328; 130 Stat. 2488), as amended by section 
     1231 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
     Year 2018 (Public Law 115-91), is further amended in the 
     matter preceding paragraph (1) by striking ``fiscal year 2017 
     or 2018'' and inserting ``fiscal year 2017, 2018, or 2019''.
       (b) Rule of Construction.--Such section is further 
     amended--
       (1) by redesignating subsection (e) as subsection (f); and
       (2) by inserting after subsection (d) the following new 
     subsection (e):
       ``(e) Rule of Construction.--Nothing in subsection (a) 
     shall be construed to limit bilateral military-to-military 
     dialogue between the United States and the Russian Federation 
     for the purpose of reducing the risk of conflict.''.

     SEC. 1232. LIMITATION ON AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS RELATING TO 
                   SOVEREIGNTY OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION OVER 
                   CRIMEA.

       (a) Limitation.--None of the funds authorized to be 
     appropriated by this Act or otherwise made available for 
     fiscal year 2019 for the Department of Defense may be 
     obligated or expended to implement any activity that 
     recognizes the sovereignty of the Russian Federation over 
     Crimea.
       (b) Waiver.--The Secretary of Defense, with the concurrence 
     of the Secretary of State, may waive the limitation in 
     subsection (a) if the Secretary of Defense--
       (1) determines that the waiver is in the national security 
     interest of the United States; and
       (2) submits to the Committee on Armed Services and the 
     Committee on Foreign Relations of the Senate and the 
     Committee on Armed Services and the Committee on Foreign 
     Affairs of the House of Representatives a notification of the 
     waiver.

     SEC. 1233. EXTENSION OF UKRAINE SECURITY ASSISTANCE 
                   INITIATIVE.

       Section 1250 of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
     Fiscal Year 2016 (Public Law 114-92; 129 Stat. 1068), as most 
     recently amended by section 1234 of the National Defense 
     Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2018 (Public Law 115-91), 
     is further amended--
       (1) in subsection (c)--
       (A) in paragraph (1), by striking ``for fiscal year 2018 
     pursuant to subsection (f)(3)'' and inserting ``for fiscal 
     year 2019 pursuant to subsection (f)(4)''; and
       (B) in paragraph (3), by striking ``fiscal year 2018'' and 
     inserting ``fiscal year 2019'';
       (2) in subsection (f), by adding at the end the following 
     new paragraph:
       ``(4) For fiscal year 2019, $200,000,000.''; and
       (3) in subsection (h), by striking ``December 31, 2020'' 
     and inserting ``December 31, 2021''.

     SEC. 1234. SENSE OF SENATE ON RELOCATION OF JOINT 
                   INTELLIGENCE ANALYSIS COMPLEX.

       It is the sense of the Senate that, in consideration of any 
     future plans regarding the relocation of the Joint 
     Intelligence Analysis Complex of the United States European 
     Command, the Secretary of Defense should maintain its 
     geographic location within the United Kingdom and its 
     collocation with the North Atlantic Treaty Organization 
     (NATO) Intelligence Fusion Center.

     SEC. 1235. SENSE OF SENATE ON ENHANCING DETERRENCE AGAINST 
                   RUSSIAN AGGRESSION IN EUROPE.

       (a) Statement of Policy.--To protect the national security 
     of the United States, it is the policy of the United States 
     to pursue an integrated approach to strengthening the defense 
     of allies and partners in Europe as part of a broader, long-
     term strategy backed by all elements of United States 
     national power to deter and, if necessary, defeat Russian 
     aggression.
       (b) Sense of the Senate.--It is the sense of the Senate 
     that in order to strengthen the defense of allies and 
     partners in Europe, the Secretary of Defense, in coordination 
     with the Secretary of State and in consultation with the 
     commander of United States European Command, should--
       (1) prioritize the need for additional United States Army 
     forward presence in Europe, especially increased forward-
     stationed combat enablers to enhance United States Army 
     capability and capacity in areas such as--
       (A) long-range fires;
       (B) air and missile defense;
       (C) combat engineering;
       (D) logistics and sustainment;
       (E) warfighting headquarters elements; and
       (F) electronic warfare;
       (2) conduct a review of the balance of United States Army 
     presence in Europe between rotationally deployed and forward-
     stationed forces, including an examination of transitioning 
     the rotational presence of a United States Army armored 
     brigade combat team (ABCT) in Europe to a forward-stationed 
     ABCT, with consideration of--
       (A) the opportunity to more effectively signal the enduring 
     commitment of the United States--
       (i) to assure allies and partners in Europe; and
       (ii) to deter Russian aggression;
       (B) the significant recurring fiscal costs of rotating 
     heavy, equipment-intensive units;
       (C) the family readiness impacts of lengthy heel-to-toe 
     rotational deployments;
       (D) the potential advantages of interoperability and 
     cultural proficiency that can be achieved by forward-
     stationed forces that have knowledge of local rules, 
     regulations, culture, customs, geography, and counterpart 
     military units and officials;
       (E) the potential tradeoffs between--
       (i) the training readiness and high operational tempo of 
     rotational units; and
       (ii) the higher manning rates of forward-stationed forces; 
     and
       (F) the benefits of National Training Center rotations for 
     rotationally deployed units as compared to maximized use of 
     United States Army training areas in Europe, including the 
     Joint Multinational Readiness Center in Germany, by forward-
     stationed units in Europe;
       (3) consider options for mitigating personnel impacts of 
     heel-to-toe rotations of United States forces in Europe, 
     including designation of Operation Atlantic Resolve as a 
     named operation;
       (4) examine the merit and feasibility of maintaining a 
     continuous and enduring presence of at least one United 
     States Army company in Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania;
       (5) examine the merit and feasibility of increasing the 
     presence of United States special operations forces in 
     Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania to deter aggression, promote 
     interoperability, build resilience through training 
     activities focused on countering unconventional warfare 
     strategies, and enable the North Atlantic Treaty Organization 
     (NATO) to take collective action if required;
       (6) examine the merit and feasibility of prepositioning 
     certain equipment and ammunition in Estonia, Latvia, and 
     Lithuania;
       (7) continue rotational deployments of United States forces 
     to Romania and Bulgaria while taking full advantage of the 
     training opportunities available at military locations such 
     as Camp Mihail Kogalniceanu in Romania and Novo Selo Training 
     Area in Bulgaria;
       (8) examine the implications of Russian military activity 
     in the Arctic region for United States military capability, 
     capacity, and force posture;
       (9) conduct exercises focused on demonstrating the 
     capability to flow United States forces from the continental 
     United States and surge forces from central to eastern Europe 
     in a nonpermissive environment--
       (A) to test and improve strategic and operational logistics 
     and transportation capabilities;
       (B) to identify capability gaps, capacity shortfalls, or 
     other limiting factors in the execution of operational plans; 
     and
       (C) to identify appropriate corrective action;
       (10) consider incorporating cyber protection teams, to the 
     extent practicable, with rotational forces in Europe with a 
     focus on training United States and allied forces to operate

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     against adversary cyber, electronic warfare, and information 
     operations capabilities;
       (11) support robust security assistance for Ukraine, 
     including defensive lethal assistance, while promoting 
     necessary defense institutional reforms;
       (12) support robust security assistance for Georgia, 
     including defensive lethal assistance, to strengthen the 
     defense capabilities and readiness of Georgia, and improve 
     interoperability with NATO forces;
       (13) promote enhanced military-to-military engagement 
     between the United States and the militaries of the countries 
     of the Western Balkans to promote interoperability with NATO, 
     civilian control of the military, procurement reforms, and 
     regional security cooperation;
       (14) develop and implement a comprehensive security 
     cooperation strategy that rationalizes and prioritizes 
     support for allies and partners in Europe, including Estonia, 
     Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, Romania, Bulgaria, Ukraine, 
     Moldova, and Georgia;
       (15) consider the merit and feasibility of a defense 
     lending initiative to support allies and partners in Europe, 
     especially allies and partners that are most vulnerable to 
     Russian aggression, to supplement and fill gaps in existing 
     United States security assistance and arms sales mechanisms; 
     and
       (16) in NATO or through other multilateral formats--
       (A) promote reforms to accelerate the speed of decision and 
     deployability within NATO, including delegation to the 
     Secretary General and the Supreme Allied Commander Europe 
     (SACEUR) of the authority to deploy the Very High Readiness 
     Joint Task Force to any location within the territory of NATO 
     allies in response to a security crisis;
       (B) promote a more robust NATO defense planning process 
     that--
       (i) defines clear, stable chains-of-command responsible for 
     the execution of graduated response plans;
       (ii) generates realistic military requirements; and
       (iii) provides a basis for assigning allies specific 
     responsibilities as force providers in contingency plans;
       (C) pursue planning agreements with allies and partners in 
     Europe on rules of engagement and arrangements for command 
     and control, access, transit, and support in crisis 
     situations, which occur prior to an invocation of Article 5 
     of the Washington Treaty by the North Atlantic Council;
       (D) promote operational readiness of major combat units as 
     a key element of alliance burden sharing alongside spending 
     commitments made at the 2014 Wales Summit, including 
     through--
       (i) the establishment of 30-day readiness targets for NATO 
     kinetic air squadrons, major naval combatants, and mechanized 
     maneuver battalions;
       (ii) emphasis on allies maintaining fully manned units, 
     improving readiness of key logistics units, increasing lift 
     capacity, and maintaining sufficient stocks of equipment and 
     munitions; and
       (iii) the conduct of NATO exercises with a focus on rapid 
     mobilization and deployment of allied forces;
       (E) explore transitioning the Baltic air policing mission 
     of NATO to a Baltic air defense mission that would--
       (i) be fully integrated with the Integrated Air and Missile 
     Defense of NATO and other regional short- and medium-range 
     air defense systems; and
       (ii) include the participation of NATO and regional 
     partners such as Sweden and Finland; and
       (F) support multilateral efforts to improve maritime domain 
     awareness in the Baltic Sea, including--
       (i) integrating subsurface sensors and anti-submarine 
     warfare platforms of NATO and other regional partners into a 
     shared maritime domain awareness framework;
       (ii) coordinating the development, procurement, and 
     employment of aerial, surface, and subsurface unmanned 
     vehicles as well as mobile air surveillance radars;
       (iii) expanding the scope of Sea Surveillance Cooperation 
     Baltic Sea (SUCBAS) information sharing to include sensitive 
     or classified data with the goal of creating a common 
     operating picture; and
       (iv) encouraging civil-military collaboration on maritime 
     domain awareness;
       (G) promote alignment of the Permanent Structured 
     Cooperation, European Defense Fund, and Coordinated Annual 
     Review on Defense of the European Union (EU) with the NATO 
     defense planning process;
       (H) support NATO-EU cooperation to ensure that--
       (i) EU capability development is coherent, complementary, 
     and interoperable with NATO;
       (ii) EU-generated capabilities are available to NATO; and
       (iii) EU defense activities are conducted with appropriate 
     transparency and participation of non-EU states;
       (I) support coordinated NATO and EU actions on expediting 
     or waiving diplomatic clearances for the movement of United 
     States and allied forces during contingencies;
       (J) support cooperative investment frameworks that promote 
     increased military mobility in Europe;
       (K) explore enhancing the role of NATO Force Integration 
     Units to more centrally coordinate exercises and training by 
     de-conflicting training engagements, identifying 
     opportunities for combined activities, and ensuring exercise 
     design and delivery are responsive to the dynamic security 
     environment;
       (L) support cooperative efforts to improve the cyber 
     resiliency of commercial systems in Europe, especially port 
     and rail infrastructure essential for military mobility;
       (M) support NATO procurement and training efforts to expand 
     the use of secure and interoperable communications at the 
     operational level, especially in the militaries of Estonia, 
     Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, Romania, and Bulgaria;
       (N) expand cooperation and joint planning with allies and 
     partners on intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance 
     (ISR), including--
       (i) exercises related to border security and crisis command 
     and control; and
       (ii) electronic warfare, anti-air, and anti-surface 
     capabilities;
       (O) promote efforts to improve the capability and readiness 
     of NATO Standing Maritime Groups;
       (P) encourage regular review and update of the Alliance 
     Maritime Strategy of NATO to reflect the changing military 
     balance in the Black Sea with a particular focus on ISR, 
     cyber, electronic warfare, and anti-submarine warfare 
     capabilities as well as defense of ports, airfields, military 
     bases, and other critical infrastructure;
       (Q) explore increasing the frequency, scale, and scope of 
     NATO and other multilateral exercises in the Black Sea with 
     the participation of Ukraine and Georgia;
       (R) promote integration of United States Marines in Norway 
     with the United Kingdom-led Joint Expeditionary Force to 
     increase multilateral cooperation and interoperability 
     between NATO and regional partners such as Sweden and 
     Finland;
       (S) affirm support for the Open Door policy of NATO, 
     including the eventual membership of Georgia in NATO; and
       (T) promote the contribution of sufficient resources by 
     NATO allies for the Substantial NATO-Georgia Package, and 
     encourage NATO allies to make full use of the NATO-Georgian 
     Joint Training and Evaluation Center.

     SEC. 1236. TECHNICAL AMENDMENTS RELATED TO NATO SUPPORT AND 
                   PROCUREMENT ORGANIZATION AND RELATED NATO 
                   AGREEMENTS.

       (a) Title 10, United States Code.--Section 2350d of title 
     10, United States Code, is amended--
       (1) by striking ``NATO Support Organization'' each place it 
     appears and inserting ``NATO Support and Procurement 
     Organization'';
       (2) by striking ``Support Partnership Agreement'' each 
     place it appears and inserting ``Support or Procurement 
     Partnership Agreement''; and
       (3) in subsection (a)(1), by striking ``Support Partnership 
     Agreements'' and inserting ``Support or Procurement 
     Partnership Agreements''.
       (b) Arms Export Control Act.--Section 21(e)(3) of the Arms 
     Export Control Act (22 U.S.C. 2761(e)(3)) is amended--
       (1) in subparagraph (A)--
       (A) in the matter preceding clause (i), by striking ``North 
     Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) Support Organization'' 
     and inserting ``North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) 
     Support and Procurement Organization''; and
       (B) in clause (i), by striking ``support partnership 
     agreement'' and inserting ``support or procurement 
     partnership agreement''; and
       (2) in subparagraph (C)(i), in the matter preceding 
     subclause (I)--
       (A) by striking `` `weapon system partnership agreement' '' 
     and inserting `` `support or procurement partnership 
     agreement' ''; and
       (B) by striking ``North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) 
     Support Organization'' and inserting ``North Atlantic Treaty 
     Organization (NATO) Support and Procurement Organization''.

     SEC. 1237. REPORT ON SECURITY COOPERATION BETWEEN THE RUSSIAN 
                   FEDERATION AND CUBA, NICARAGUA, AND VENEZUELA.

       (a) In General.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
     the enactment of this Act, the Director of the Defense 
     Intelligence Agency shall submit to the appropriate 
     committees of Congress a report on security cooperation 
     between the Russian Federation and each of the countries 
     specified in subsection (b).
       (b) Countries.--The countries specified in this subsection 
     are as follows:
       (1) Cuba.
       (2) Nicaragua.
       (3) Venezuela.
       (c) Matters To Be Included.--The report required by 
     subsection (a) shall include the following:
       (1) An assessment of bilateral security cooperation between 
     the Russian Federation and each country specified in 
     subsection (b) that includes each of the following:
       (A) A list of Russian weapon systems or other military 
     hardware or technology valued at not less than $1,000,000 
     provided to or purchased by such country since January 1, 
     2007.
       (B) A description of the participation of the security 
     forces of such country in training or exercises with the 
     security forces of the Russian Federation since January 1, 
     2007.
       (C) A description of any security cooperation agreement 
     between the Russian Federation and such country.
       (D) A description of any military or intelligence 
     infrastructure, facilities, and assets developed by the 
     Russian Federation in each such country and any associated 
     agreements or understandings between the Russian Federation 
     and such country.
       (2) An assessment of security cooperation, specifically in 
     an advisory role, among the countries specified in subsection 
     (b).
       (d) Form.--The report required by subsection (a) shall be 
     submitted in unclassified form, but may include a classified 
     annex.
       (e) Appropriate Committees of Congress Defined.--In this 
     section, the term ``appropriate committees of Congress'' 
     means--

[[Page S4126]]

       (1) the Committee on Armed Services, the Committee on 
     Foreign Relations, and the Committee on Appropriations of the 
     Senate; and
       (2) the Committee on Armed Services, the Committee on 
     Foreign Affairs, and the Committee on Appropriations of the 
     House of Representatives.

     SEC. 1238. SENSE OF SENATE ON COUNTERING RUSSIAN MALIGN 
                   INFLUENCE.

       It is the sense of the Senate that the Secretary of Defense 
     and the Secretary of State should--
       (1) urgently prioritize the completion of a comprehensive 
     strategy to counter Russian malign influence; and
       (2) submit to Congress the report required by section 
     1239A(d) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
     Year 2018 (Public Law 115-91).

        Subtitle E--Matters Relating to the Indo-Pacific Region

     SEC. 1241. REDESIGNATION, EXPANSION, AND EXTENSION OF 
                   SOUTHEAST ASIA MARITIME SECURITY INITIATIVE.

       (a) Redesignation as Indo-Pacific Maritime Security 
     Initiative.--
       (1) In general.--Subsection (a)(2) of section 1263 of the 
     National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2016 (10 
     U.S.C. 333 note) is amended by striking ``the `Southeast Asia 
     Maritime Security Initiative' '' and inserting ``the `Indo-
     Pacific Maritime Security Initiative' ''.
       (2) Conforming amendment.--The heading of such section is 
     amended to read as follows:

     ``SEC. 1263. INDO-PACIFIC MARITIME SECURITY INITIATIVE.''.

       (b) Expansion.--
       (1) Expansion of region to receive assistance and 
     training.--Subsection (a)(1) of such section is amended by 
     inserting ``and the Indian Ocean'' after ``South China Sea'' 
     in the matter preceding subparagraph (A).
       (2) Recipient countries of assistance and training 
     generally.--Subsection (b) of such section is amended--
       (A) in paragraph (2), by striking the comma at the end and 
     inserting a period; and
       (B) by adding at the end the following new paragraphs:
       ``(6) Bangladesh.
       ``(7) Sri Lanka.''.
       (3) Countries eligible for payment of certain incremental 
     expenses.--Subsection (e)(2) of such section is amended by 
     adding at the end the following new subparagraph:
       ``(D) India.''.
       (c) Extension.--Subsection (h) of such section is amended 
     by striking ``September 30, 2020'' and inserting ``December 
     31, 2025''.

     SEC. 1242. MODIFICATION OF ANNUAL REPORT ON MILITARY AND 
                   SECURITY DEVELOPMENTS INVOLVING THE PEOPLE'S 
                   REPUBLIC OF CHINA.

       Section 1202(b) of the National Defense Authorization Act 
     for Fiscal Year 2000 (10 U.S.C. 113 note) is amended--
       (1) by redesignating paragraphs (6) through (16) and (17) 
     through (23) as paragraphs (7) through (17) and (19) through 
     (25), respectively;
       (2) by inserting after paragraph (5) the following new 
     paragraph (6):
       ``(6) China's overseas military basing and logistics 
     infrastructure.'';
       (3) in paragraph (8), as so redesignated, by striking 
     ``including technology transfers and espionage'' in the first 
     sentence and inserting ``including investment, industrial 
     espionage, cybertheft, academia, and other means of 
     technology transfer'';
       (4) by inserting after paragraph (17), as so redesignated, 
     the following new paragraph (18):
       ``(18) An assessment of relations between China and the 
     Russian Federation with respect to security and military 
     matters.''; and
       (5) by adding at the end the following new paragraphs:
       ``(26) The relationship between Chinese overseas 
     investment, including initiatives such as the Belt and Road 
     Initiative, and Chinese security and military strategy 
     objectives.
       ``(27) Efforts by China to influence the media, cultural 
     institutions, business, and academic and policy communities 
     of the United States to be more favorable to its security and 
     military strategy and objectives.
       ``(28) Efforts by China to monitor and influence, in 
     support of its security and military strategy and objectives, 
     the following:
       ``(A) Chinese citizens in the United States.
       ``(B) United States citizens of Chinese descent.''.

     SEC. 1243. SENSE OF SENATE ON TAIWAN.

       It is the sense of the Senate that--
       (1) the Taiwan Relations Act (22 U.S.C. 3301 et seq.) and 
     the ``Six Assurances'' are both cornerstones of United States 
     relations with Taiwan;
       (2) the United States should strengthen defense and 
     security cooperation with Taiwan to support the development 
     of capable, ready, and modern defense forces necessary for 
     Taiwan to maintain a sufficient self-defense capability;
       (3) the United States should strongly support the 
     acquisition by Taiwan of defensive weapons through foreign 
     military sales, direct commercial sales, and industrial 
     cooperation, with a particular emphasis on asymmetric warfare 
     and undersea warfare capabilities, consistent with the Taiwan 
     Relations Act;
       (4) the United States should improve the predictability of 
     arms sales to Taiwan by ensuring timely review of and 
     response to requests of Taiwan for defense articles and 
     defense services;
       (5) the Secretary of Defense should promote Department of 
     Defense policies concerning exchanges that enhance the 
     security of Taiwan, including--
       (A) United States participation in appropriate Taiwan 
     exercises, such as the annual Han Kuang exercise;
       (B) Taiwan participation in appropriate United States 
     exercises; and
       (C) exchanges between senior defense officials and general 
     officers of the United States and Taiwan consistent with the 
     Taiwan Travel Act (Public Law 115-135);
       (6) the United States and Taiwan should expand cooperation 
     in humanitarian assistance and disaster relief; and
       (7) the Secretary of Defense should consider supporting the 
     visit of a United States hospital ship to Taiwan as part of 
     the annual ``Pacific Partnership'' mission in order to 
     improve disaster response planning and preparedness as well 
     as to strengthen cooperation between the United States and 
     Taiwan.

     SEC. 1244. REDESIGNATION AND MODIFICATION OF SENSE OF 
                   CONGRESS AND INITIATIVE FOR THE INDO-ASIA-
                   PACIFIC REGION.

       (a) Redesignation.--
       (1) In general.--Section 1251 of the National Defense 
     Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2018 (Public Law 115-91) is 
     amended by striking ``Indo-Asia-Pacific'' each place it 
     appears and inserting ``Indo-Pacific''.
       (2) Heading amendments.--
       (A) Section heading.--The heading of such section is 
     amended to read as follows:

     ``SEC. 1251. SENSE OF CONGRESS AND INITIATIVE FOR THE INDO-
                   PACIFIC REGION.''.

       (B) Subsection headings.--Such section is further amended 
     in the headings of subsections (b) and (f) by striking 
     ``Indo-Asia-Pacific'' and inserting ``Indo-Pacific''.
       (b) Modification of Initiative.--Such section is further 
     amended--
       (1) in subsection (c)--
       (A) by striking paragraphs (1) through (4) and inserting 
     the following new paragraphs (1) through (4):
       ``(1) Activities to increase the rotational and forward 
     presence, improve the capabilities, and enhance the posture 
     of the United States Armed Forces in the Indo-Pacific 
     region--
       ``(A) consistent with the National Defense Strategy; and
       ``(B) to the extent required to minimize the risk of 
     execution of the contingency plans of the Department of 
     Defense.
       ``(2) Activities to improve military and defense 
     infrastructure, logistics, and assured access in the Indo-
     Pacific region to enhance the responsiveness, survivability, 
     and operational resilience of the United States Armed Forces 
     in the Indo-Pacific region.
       ``(3) Activities to enhance the storage and pre-positioning 
     in the Indo-Pacific region of equipment and munitions of the 
     United States Armed Forces.
       ``(4) Bilateral and multilateral military training and 
     exercises with allies and partner nations in the Indo-Pacific 
     region.''; and
       (B) in paragraph (5)--
       (i) in the matter preceding subparagraph (A), by striking 
     ``security capacity'' and all that follows through ``of 
     allies'' in subparagraph (B) and inserting ``security 
     capacity of allies''; and
       (ii) by redesignating clauses (i) through (v) as 
     subparagraphs (A) through (E), respectively, and indenting 
     appropriately;
       (2) in subsection (d), by striking ``only''; and
       (3) by amending subsection (e) to read as follows:
       ``(e) Five-year Plan for the Indo-Pacific Stability 
     Initiative.--
       ``(1) Plan required.--
       ``(A) In general.--Not later than March 1, 2019, the 
     Secretary of Defense, in consultation with the Commander of 
     the United States Pacific Command, shall submit to the 
     congressional defense committees a future years plan on 
     activities and resources of the Initiative.
       ``(B) Applicability.--The plan shall apply to the 
     Initiative with respect to fiscal year 2020 and at least the 
     four succeeding fiscal years.
       ``(2) Elements.--The plan required under paragraph (1) 
     shall include each of the following:
       ``(A) A description of the objectives of the Initiative.
       ``(B) A description of the manner in which such objectives 
     support implementation of the National Defense Strategy and 
     reduce the risk of execution of the contingency plans of the 
     Department of Defense by improving the operational resilience 
     of United States forces in the Indo-Pacific region.
       ``(C) An assessment of the resource requirements to achieve 
     such objectives.
       ``(D) An assessment of any additional rotational or 
     permanently stationed United States forces in the Indo-
     Pacific region required to achieve such objectives.
       ``(E) An assessment of the logistics requirements, 
     including force enablers, equipment, supplies, storage, and 
     maintenance, to achieve such objectives.
       ``(F) An identification and assessment of required 
     infrastructure investments to achieve such objectives, 
     including potential infrastructure investments by host 
     countries and new construction or upgrades of existing sites 
     that would be funded by the United States.
       ``(G) An assessment of any new agreements, or changes to 
     existing agreements, with other countries for assured access 
     required to achieve such objectives.
       ``(H) An assessment of security cooperation investments 
     required to achieve such objectives.
       ``(3) Form.--The plan required under paragraph (1) shall be 
     submitted in unclassified form, but may include a classified 
     annex.''.

     SEC. 1245. PROHIBITION ON PARTICIPATION OF THE PEOPLE'S 
                   REPUBLIC OF CHINA IN RIM OF THE PACIFIC 
                   (RIMPAC) NAVAL EXERCISES.

       (a) Sense of Congress.--It is the sense of Congress that--
       (1) the pace and militarization by the Government of the 
     People's Republic of China of land reclamation activities in 
     the South China Sea is destabilizing the security of United 
     States allies and partners and threatening United States core 
     interests;

[[Page S4127]]

       (2) these activities of the Government of the People's 
     Republic of China adversarially threaten the maritime 
     security of the United States and our allies and partners;
       (3) no country that acts adversarially should be invited to 
     multilateral exercises; and
       (4) the involvement of the Government of the People's 
     Republic of China in multilateral exercises should undergo 
     reevaluation until such behavior changes.
       (b) Conditions for Future Participation in RIMPAC.--The 
     Secretary of Defense shall not enable or facilitate the 
     participation of the People's Republic of China in any Rim of 
     the Pacific (RIMPAC) naval exercise unless the Secretary 
     certifies to the congressional defense committees that China 
     has--
       (1) ceased all land reclamation activities in the South 
     China Sea;
       (2) removed all weapons from its land reclamation sites; 
     and
       (3) established a consistent four-year track record of 
     taking actions toward stabilizing the region.

     SEC. 1246. ASSESSMENT OF AND REPORT ON GEOPOLITICAL 
                   CONDITIONS IN THE INDO-PACIFIC REGION.

       (a) Assessment.--
       (1) In general.--Not later than 90 days after the date of 
     the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall 
     select and enter into an agreement with an entity independent 
     of the Department of Defense to conduct an assessment of the 
     geopolitical conditions in the Indo-Pacific region that are 
     necessary for the successful implementation of the National 
     Defense Strategy.
       (2) Matters to be included.--The assessment required by 
     paragraph (1) shall include a determination of the 
     geopolitical conditions in the Indo-Pacific region, including 
     any change in economic and political relations, that are 
     necessary to support United States military requirements for 
     forward defense, extensive forward basing, and alliance 
     formation and strengthening in such region.
       (b) Report.--Not later than 270 days after the date of the 
     enactment of this Act, the independent entity selected under 
     subsection (a) shall submit to the appropriate committees of 
     Congress a report on the results of the assessment conducted 
     under that subsection.
       (c) Department of Defense Support.--The Secretary shall 
     provide the independent entity selected under subsection (a) 
     with timely access to appropriate information, data, 
     resources, and analyses necessary for the independent entity 
     to conduct the assessment required by that subsection in a 
     thorough and independent manner.
       (d) Appropriate Committees of Congress Defined.--In this 
     section, the term ``appropriate committees of Congress'' 
     means--
       (1) the Committee on Armed Services and the Committee on 
     Foreign Relations of the Senate; and
       (2) the Committee on Armed Services and the Committee on 
     Foreign Affairs of the House of Representatives.

     SEC. 1247. SENSE OF SENATE ON UNITED STATES-INDIA DEFENSE 
                   RELATIONSHIP.

       It is the sense the Senate that the United States should 
     strengthen and enhance its major defense partnership with 
     India and work toward mutual security objectives by--
       (1) expanding engagement in multilateral frameworks, 
     including the Quadrilateral Dialogue between the United 
     States, India, Japan, and Australia, to promote regional 
     security and defend shared values and common interests in the 
     rules-based order;
       (2) exploring additional steps to implement the ``major 
     defense partner'' designation to better facilitate military 
     interoperability, information sharing, and appropriate 
     technology transfers;
       (3) designating the responsible individual within the 
     Department of Defense to facilitate the major defense 
     partnership with India, as required by section 1292(a)(1)(B) 
     of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 
     2017 (Public Law 114-328; 130 Stat. 2559);
       (4) pursuing strategic initiatives to help develop India's 
     defense capabilities, including maritime security 
     capabilities;
       (5) improving cooperation on and coordination of 
     humanitarian and disaster relief responses;
       (6) conducting additional joint exercises with India in the 
     Persian Gulf, the Indian Ocean region, and the Western 
     Pacific; and
       (7) furthering cooperative efforts to promote security and 
     stability in Afghanistan.

     SEC. 1248. SENSE OF SENATE ON STRATEGIC IMPORTANCE OF 
                   MAINTAINING COMMITMENTS UNDER COMPACTS OF FREE 
                   ASSOCIATION.

       (a) Findings.--The Senate makes the following findings:
       (1) The Federated States of Micronesia, the Republic of the 
     Marshall Islands, and the Republic of Palau are sovereign 
     countries in free association with the United States under 
     the Compacts of Free Association (in this section referred to 
     as the ``Compacts''), which provide for the exclusive right 
     of the United States Armed Forces to operate in the areas 
     covered by the Compacts.
       (2) Such exclusive right allows the United States to 
     curtail the potential expansion of foreign militaries into 
     areas covered by the Compacts.
       (3) Under the Compacts, eligible citizens of the Federated 
     States of Micronesia, the Republic of the Marshall Islands, 
     and the Republic of Palau may--
       (A) reside, work, and study in the United States without a 
     visa; and
       (B) serve in the United States Armed Forces.
       (4) An estimated \1/4\ of the populations of the Federated 
     States of Micronesia, the Republic of the Marshall Islands, 
     and the Republic of Palau has relocated to the United States.
       (5) Under the Compacts, the Federal Government is required 
     to provide assistance to any affected jurisdiction in the 
     United States to defray costs incurred by the affected 
     jurisdiction for health, educational, social, or public 
     safety services, or for infrastructure relating to such 
     services, due to the residence in the affected jurisdiction 
     of citizens of the Federated States of Micronesia, the 
     Republic of the Marshall Islands, and the Republic of Palau.
       (b) Sense of Senate.--It is the sense of the Senate that 
     maintaining the commitments of the United States under the 
     Compacts is of vital strategic importance to the national 
     security interests of the United States.

     SEC. 1249. SENSE OF SENATE ON UNITED STATES MILITARY FORCES 
                   ON THE KOREAN PENINSULA.

       (a) Findings.--The Senate makes the following findings:
       (1) On June 25, 1950, the Democratic People's Republic of 
     Korea (DPRK), under the rule of Kim Il-sung, the grandfather 
     of Kim Jong-un, launched a surprise attack against forces 
     from the Republic of Korea (South Korea) and small contingent 
     of United States forces, thus beginning the Korean War.
       (2) In June and July of 1950, the United Nations Security 
     Council adopted Resolutions 82, 83, and 84 calling for the 
     Democratic People's Republic of Korea to cease hostilities 
     and withdraw, to recommend that United Nations member nations 
     provide forces to repel the Democratic People's Republic of 
     Korea attack, and stating any forces provided should be 
     unified under the command of the United States, respectively.
       (3) Fighting as part of a 1,000,000-strong, 22-nation 
     United Nations force, 36,574 members of the United States 
     Armed Forces and 137,899 members of the South Korean military 
     lost their lives during the three years of armed hostilities 
     and brutal conflict in the Korean War.
       (4) On July 27, 1953, the Democratic People's Republic of 
     Korea, Chinese People's Volunteers, and the United Nations 
     signed an armistice agreement ceasing all hostilities in 
     Korea and establishing the Demilitarized Zone (DMZ).
       (5) Since 1953, lawfully-deployed United States and United 
     Nations forces have remained alongside their South Korean 
     counterparts, continuing to protect and defend South Korea 
     and deter aggression from the Democratic People's Republic of 
     Korea.
       (6) As a lasting testament the blood and treasure lost 
     during the Korean War and the strong and unwavering alliance 
     built from the ashes of the conflict, the Korean War Memorial 
     in Washington, District of Columbia, and the War Memorial of 
     Korea in Seoul, South Korea, prominently display the 
     following inscription: ``Our Nation honors her Sons and 
     Daughters who answered the call to defend a Country they 
     never knew and a people they never met.''.
       (7) The United States maintains a robust, well-trained, and 
     ready force of approximately 28,500 members of the Armed 
     Forces in South Korea, and the presence of the members of the 
     Armed Forces in South Korea demonstrates the continued 
     resolve and support of the United States for the enduring 
     United States-South Korean Alliance.
       (8) On December 22, 2017, Kim Jong-un stated, ``The rapid 
     development of [North Korea's] nuclear force is now exerting 
     big influence on the world political structure and strategic 
     environment.''.
       (9) On January 1, 2018, Kim Jong-un stated ``The entire 
     United States is within range of our nuclear weapons, and a 
     nuclear button is always on my desk. This is reality, not a 
     threat. This year we should focus on mass producing nuclear 
     warheads and ballistic missiles for operational 
     deployment.''.
       (10) Despite 11 standalone United Nations Security Council 
     resolutions against the nuclear and ballistic missile 
     programs of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea, 8 of 
     which passed during the rule of Kim Jong-un, the Democratic 
     People's Republic of Korea has continued to illegally and 
     unlawfully pursue a long-range, nuclear capability meant to 
     hold hostage the United States and threaten the security of 
     the neighbors of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea.
       (11) The 2017 National Security Strategy (NSS) states--
       (A) ``Our alliance and friendship with South Korea, forged 
     by the trials of history, is stronger than ever.'';
       (B) ``Allies and partners magnify our power . . . [and] 
     together with our allies, partners, and aspiring partners, 
     the United States will pursue cooperation with 
     reciprocity.''; and
       (C) with respect to priority actions in the Indo-Pacific 
     region, ``We will redouble our commitment to established 
     alliances and partnerships, while expanding and deepening 
     relationships with new partners that share respect for 
     sovereignty . . . and the rule of law.''.
       (12) Secretary of Defense James Mattis stated, ``Winston 
     Churchill noted that the only thing harder than fighting with 
     allies is fighting without them. History proves that we are 
     stronger when we stand united with others. Accordingly, our 
     military will be designed, trained, and ready to fight 
     alongside allies.''.
       (13) The 2018 National Defense Strategy (NDS) states, 
     ``Mutually beneficial alliances and partnerships are crucial 
     to our strategy, providing a durable, asymmetric strategic 
     advantage that no competitor or rival can match . . . [and 
     the United States] will strengthen and evolve our alliances 
     and partnerships into an extended network capable of 
     deterring or decisively acting to meet the shared challenges 
     of our time.''.
       (14) The unclassified summary of 2018 NDS, an 11-page 
     document, mentions the term ``allies'' or ``alliances'' over 
     50 times.
       (15) The 2018 NDS states, ``China is a strategic competitor 
     using predatory economics to intimidate its neighbors . . . 
     [and] it is increasingly clear that China. . .want[s] to 
     shape a world

[[Page S4128]]

     consistent with their authoritarian model--gaining veto 
     authority over other nations' economic, diplomatic, and 
     security decisions.''.
       (16) Foreign policy experts have long contended that the 
     first priority of the People's Republic of China on the 
     Korean Peninsula is to ensure that the Democratic People's 
     Republic of Korea remains a buffer between China and the 
     democratic South Korea and the United States forces deployed 
     on the Korean Peninsula.
       (17) China continues to provide the Democratic People's 
     Republic of Korea with most of its food and energy supplies 
     and, until recently, accounted for approximately 90 percent 
     of the total trade volume of the Democratic People's Republic 
     of Korea.
       (18) On June 30, 2017, President Donald Trump stated, ``Our 
     goal is peace, stability and prosperity for the region. But 
     the United States will defend itself, always will defend 
     itself, always, and we will always defend our allies. As part 
     of that commitment, we are working together to ensure fair 
     burden sharing and support of the United States military 
     presence in Republic of Korea.''.
       (19) South Korea already pays for approximately 50 percent 
     of the total nonpersonal costs of the 28,500 United States 
     members of the Armed Forces on the Korean Peninsula, 
     amounting to $887,500,000 in 2018.
       (20) President Moon Jae-in has committed to increasing the 
     defense spending of South Korea during his term from the 
     current level 2.4 percent of the gross domestic product to 
     2.9 percent of the gross domestic product.
       (21) News reports published in early May 2018 have stated 
     that President Trump asked the Secretary of Defense to 
     provide him with options for removing United States troops 
     from the Korean Peninsula.
       (22) National Security Advisor John Bolton responded, ``The 
     President has not asked the Pentagon to provide options for 
     reducing American forces stationed in South Korea.''.
       (23) A spokesman for the Secretary stated, ``The president 
     has not asked the Pentagon to provide options for reducing 
     American forces stationed in South Korea. The Department of 
     Defense's mission in South Korea remains the same, and our 
     force posture has not changed. The Department of Defense 
     remains committed to supporting the maximum pressure 
     campaign, developing and maintaining military options for the 
     President, and reinforcing our ironclad security commitment 
     with our allies. We all remain committed to complete, 
     verifiable, and irreversible denuclearization of the Korean 
     Peninsula.''.
       (b) Sense of Senate.--It is the sense of the Senate that--
       (1) South Korea is a close friend and ally of the United 
     States, and the United States-South Korea alliance is the 
     linchpin of peace and security in the Indo-Pacific region;
       (2) the presence of United States military forces on the 
     Korean Peninsula and across the Indo-Pacific region continues 
     to play a critical role in safeguarding the peaceful and 
     stable rules-based international order that benefits all 
     countries;
       (3) South Korea has contributed heavily to its own defense 
     and to the defense of the United States Armed Forces in South 
     Korea, including by providing $10,000,000,000 of the 
     $10,800,000,0000 Camp Humphreys project, which is 93 percent 
     of the funding, to build and relocate United States military 
     forces to a new base in South Korea;
       (4) United States military forces, pursuant to 
     international law, are lawfully deployed on the Korean 
     Peninsula;
       (5) the nuclear and ballistic missile programs of the 
     Democratic People's Republic of Korea are clear and 
     consistent violations of international law;
       (6) the long-stated strategic objective of authoritarian 
     states such as the People's Republic of China, the Russian 
     Federation, and the Democratic People's Republic of Korea has 
     been the significant removal of United States military forces 
     from the Korean Peninsula;
       (7) the maximum pressure campaign of the Trump 
     Administration, including an increase in economic sanctions 
     and diplomatic measures with United States allies and 
     regional partners, has worked to bring Kim Jong-un to the 
     negotiation table; and
       (8) the significant removal of United States military 
     forces from the Korean Peninsula is a non-negotiable item as 
     it relates to the complete, verifiable, and irreversible 
     denuclearization of the Democratic People's Republic of 
     Korea.

                          Subtitle F--Reports

     SEC. 1251. REPORT ON MILITARY AND COERCIVE ACTIVITIES OF THE 
                   PEOPLE'S REPUBLIC OF CHINA IN SOUTH CHINA SEA.

       (a) In General.--Except as provided in subsection (d), 
     immediately after the commencement of any significant 
     reclamation or militarization activity by the People's 
     Republic of China in the South China Sea, including any 
     significant military deployment or operation or 
     infrastructure construction, the Secretary of Defense, in 
     coordination with the Secretary of State, shall submit to the 
     congressional defense committees, and release to the public, 
     a report on the military and coercive activities of China in 
     the South China Sea in connection with such activity.
       (b) Elements of Report to Public.--Each report on a 
     significant reclamation or militarization activity under 
     subsection (a) shall include a short narrative on, and one or 
     more corresponding images of, such significant reclamation or 
     militarization activity.
       (c) Form.--
       (1) Submittal to congress.--Any report under subsection (a) 
     that is submitted to the congressional defense committees 
     shall be submitted in unclassified form, but may include a 
     classified annex.
       (2) Release to public.--If a report under subsection (a) is 
     released to the public, such report shall be so released in 
     unclassified form.
       (d) Waiver.--
       (1) Release of report to public.--The Secretary of Defense 
     may waive the requirement in subsection (a) for the release 
     to the public of a report on a significant reclamation or 
     militarization activity if the Secretary determines that the 
     release to the public of a report on such activity under that 
     subsection in the form required by subsection (c)(2) would 
     have an adverse effect on the national security interests of 
     the United States.
       (2) Notice to congress.--If the Secretary issues a waiver 
     under paragraph (1) with respect to a report on an activity, 
     not later than 48 hours after the Secretary issues such 
     waiver, the Secretary shall submit to the congressional 
     defense committees written notice of, and justification for, 
     such waiver.

     SEC. 1252. REPORT ON TERRORIST USE OF HUMAN SHIELDS.

       (a) In General.--The Secretary of Defense, in consultation 
     with the Secretary of State, shall provide a report on the 
     use of human shields by terrorist groups to protect otherwise 
     lawful targets from attack.
       (b) Elements.--The report required by subsection (a) shall 
     include the following:
       (1) A description of the lessons learned from the United 
     States and its allies and partners in addressing the use of 
     human shields by terrorist organizations such as Hamas, 
     Hezbollah, the Islamic State of Iraq and Syria, Al Qaeda, and 
     any other organization as determined by the Secretary of 
     Defense.
       (2) A description of a specific plan and actions being 
     taken by the Department of Defense to incorporate the lessons 
     learned as identified in paragraph (1) into Department of 
     Defense operating guidance, relevant capabilities, and 
     tactics, techniques, and procedures to deter, counter, and 
     address the challenge posed by the use of human shields and 
     hold accountable terrorist organizations for the use of human 
     shields.
       (c) Submittal of the Report.--Not later than 180 days after 
     the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of 
     Defense shall submit to the appropriate committees of 
     Congress the report required in subsection (a).
       (d) Form.--The report shall be submitted in unclassified 
     form, but may include a classified annex.
       (e) Appropriate Committees of Congress Defined.--In this 
     section, the term ``appropriate committees of Congress'' 
     means--
       (1) the Committee on Armed Services, the Committee on 
     Foreign Relations, and the Committee on the Judiciary of the 
     Senate; and
       (2) the Committee on Armed Services, the Committee on 
     Foreign Affairs, and the Committee on the Judiciary of the 
     House of Representatives.

     SEC. 1253. REPORT ON ARCTIC STRATEGIES.

       (a) In General.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
     the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of the Army, the 
     Secretary of the Navy, and the Secretary of the Air Force 
     shall submit to the congressional defense committees a report 
     on the strategy of the Army, the Navy and the Marine Corps, 
     and the Air Force, respectively, for the Arctic region.
       (b) Elements.--The report required by subsection (a) shall 
     include the following:
       (1) A description of the specific means by which each Armed 
     Force, including regular components, the National Guard, and 
     the Reserves, will--
       (A) enhance the capability of the Armed Forces to defend 
     the homeland and exercise sovereignty;
       (B) strengthen deterrence at home and abroad;
       (C) strengthen alliances and partnerships;
       (D) preserve freedom of the seas in the Arctic;
       (E) engage public, private, and international partners to 
     improve domain awareness in the Arctic;
       (F) develop Department of Defense Arctic infrastructure and 
     capabilities consistent with changing conditions and needs;
       (G) provide support to civil authorities, as directed;
       (H) partner with other departments, agencies, and countries 
     to support human and environmental security; and
       (I) support international institutions that promote 
     regional cooperation and the rule of law.
       (2) An analysis of the role of each Armed Force in the 
     operational and contingency plans for the protection of 
     United States national security interests in the Arctic 
     region, including strategic national assets, United States 
     citizens, territory, freedom of navigation, and economic and 
     trade interests in the Arctic region, weighed against the 
     missions described in the Arctic strategy.
       (3) A detailed description of near-term and long-term 
     training, capability, and resource gaps that must be 
     addressed to fully execute each mission described in the 
     Arctic strategy against an increasing threat environment.
       (4) A description of the Armed Force-specific 
     infrastructure that may be needed to continue to accomplish 
     each mission described in the Arctic strategy against an 
     increasing threat environment, including a cost estimate and 
     potential construction timeline for such infrastructure.
       (5) A description, by Armed Force, of the current and 
     projected Arctic capabilities of the Russian Federation and 
     the People's Republic of China, and an analysis of current 
     and future United States capabilities that are required to 
     comply with--
       (A) each mission described in the Arctic strategy; and
       (B) the strategic objectives in the National Defense 
     Strategy.
       (6) With respect to each Armed Force--

[[Page S4129]]

       (A) an assessment of the level of cooperation between each 
     Armed Force and other departments and agencies of the United 
     States Government (including the Department of Homeland 
     Security and the National Security Agency), State and local 
     governments, and Tribal entities; and
       (B) a plan for increased cooperation between the Armed 
     Forces and such departments, agencies, and entities.
       (c) Form.--The report required by subsection (a) shall be 
     submitted in unclassified form, but may include a classified 
     annex.

     SEC. 1254. REPORT ON PERMANENT STATIONING OF UNITED STATES 
                   FORCES IN THE REPUBLIC OF POLAND.

       (a) In General.--Not later than March 1, 2019, the 
     Secretary of Defense, in coordination with the Secretary of 
     State, shall submit to the congressional defense committees a 
     report on the feasibility and advisability of permanently 
     stationing United States forces in the Republic of Poland.
       (b) Elements.--The report required by subsection (a) shall 
     include the following:
       (1) An assessment of the types of permanently stationed 
     United States forces in Poland required to deter aggression 
     by the Russian Federation and execute Department of Defense 
     contingency plans, including combat enabler units in 
     capability areas such as--
       (A) combat engineering;
       (B) logistics and sustainment;
       (C) warfighting headquarters elements;
       (D) long-range fires;
       (E) air and missile defense;
       (F) intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance; and
       (G) electronic warfare.
       (2) An assessment of the feasibility and advisability of 
     permanently stationing a United States Army brigade combat 
     team in the Republic of Poland that includes the following:
       (A) An assessment whether a permanently stationed United 
     States Army brigade combat team in Poland would enhance 
     deterrence against Russian aggression in Eastern Europe.
       (B) An assessment of the actions the Russian Federation may 
     take in response to a United States decision to permanently 
     station a brigade combat team in Poland.
       (C) An assessment of the international political 
     considerations of permanently stationing such a brigade 
     combat team in Poland, including within the North Atlantic 
     Treaty Organization (NATO).
       (D) An assessment whether a such a brigade combat team in 
     Poland would support implementation of the National Defense 
     Strategy.
       (E) A description and assessment of the manner in which 
     such a brigade combat team in Poland would affect the ability 
     of the Joint Force to execute Department of Defense 
     contingency plans in Europe.
       (F) A description and assessment of the manner in which 
     such a brigade combat team in Poland would affect the ability 
     of the Joint Force to respond to a crisis inside the 
     territory of a North Atlantic Treaty Organization ally that 
     occurs prior to the invocation of Article 5 of the Washington 
     Treaty by the North Atlantic Council.
       (G) An identification and assessment of--
       (i) potential locations in Poland for stationing such a 
     brigade combat team;
       (ii) the logistics requirements, including force enablers, 
     equipment, supplies, storage, and maintenance, that would be 
     required to support such a brigade combat team in Poland;
       (iii) infrastructure investments by the United States and 
     Poland, including new construction or upgrades of existing 
     sites, that would be required to support such a brigade 
     combat team in Poland;
       (iv) any new agreements, or changes to existing agreements, 
     between the United States and Poland that would be required 
     for a such a brigade combat team in Poland;
       (v) any changes to the posture or capabilities of the Joint 
     Force in Europe that would be required to support such a 
     brigade combat team in Poland; and
       (vi) the timeline required to achieve the permanent 
     stationing of such a brigade combat team in Poland.
       (H) An assessment of the willingness and ability of the 
     Government of Poland to provide host nation support for such 
     a brigade combat team.
       (I) An assessment whether future growth in United States 
     Army end strength may be used to source additional forces for 
     such a brigade combat team in Poland.
       (c) Form.--The report required by subsection (a) shall be 
     submitted in unclassified form, but may include a classified 
     annex.

     SEC. 1254A. INEFFECTIVENESS OF SECTION 937.

       Section 937, relating to a Strategic Defense Fellows 
     Program for the Department of Defense, shall have no force or 
     effect.

     SEC. 1254B. JOHN S. MCCAIN STRATEGIC DEFENSE FELLOWS PROGRAM.

       (a) Fellowship Program.--
       (1) In general.--Not later than one year after the date of 
     the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall 
     establish within the Department of Defense a civilian 
     fellowship program designed to provide leadership development 
     and the commencement of a career track toward senior 
     leadership in the Department.
       (2) Designation.--The fellowship program shall be known as 
     the ``John S. McCain Strategic Defense Fellows Program'' (in 
     this section referred to as the ``fellows program'').
       (b) Eligibility.--An individual is eligible for 
     participation in the fellows program if the individual--
       (1) is a citizen of the United States or a lawful permanent 
     resident of the United States in the year in which the 
     individual applies for participation in the fellows program; 
     and
       (2) either--
       (A) possesses a graduate degree from an accredited 
     institution of higher education in the United States that was 
     awarded not later than two years before the date of the 
     acceptance of the individual into the fellows program; or
       (B) will be awarded a graduate degree from an accredited 
     institution of higher education in the United States not 
     later than six months after the date of the acceptance of the 
     individual into the fellows program.
       (c) Application.--
       (1) Application required.--Each individual seeking to 
     participate in the fellows program shall submit to the 
     Secretary an application therefor at such time and in such 
     manner as the Secretary shall specify.
       (2) Elements.--Each application of an individual under this 
     subsection shall include the following:
       (A) Transcripts of educational achievement at the 
     undergraduate and graduate level.
       (B) A resume.
       (C) Proof of citizenship or lawful permanent residence.
       (D) An endorsement from the applicant's graduate 
     institution of higher education.
       (E) An academic writing sample.
       (F) Letters of recommendation addressing the applicant's 
     character, academic ability, and any extracurricular 
     activities.
       (G) A personal statement by the applicant explaining career 
     areas of interest and motivations for service in the 
     Department.
       (H) Such other information as the Secretary considers 
     appropriate.
       (d) Selection.--
       (1) In general.--Each year, the Secretary shall select 
     participants in the fellows program from among applicants for 
     the fellows program for such year who qualify for 
     participation in the fellows program based on character, 
     commitment to public service, academic achievement, 
     extracurricular activities, and such other qualifications for 
     participation in the fellows program as the Secretary 
     considers appropriate.
       (2) Number.--The number of individuals selected to 
     participate in the fellows program in any year may not exceed 
     the numbers as follows:
       (A) Ten individuals from each geographic region of the 
     United States as follows:
       (i) The Northeast.
       (ii) The Southeast.
       (iii) The Midwest.
       (iv) The Southwest.
       (v) The West.
       (B) Ten additional individuals.
       (3) Background investigation.--An individual selected to 
     participate in the fellows program may not participate in the 
     program unless the individual successfully undergoes a 
     background investigation applicable to the position to which 
     the individual will be assigned under the fellows program and 
     otherwise meets such requirements applicable to assignment to 
     a sensitive position within the Department that the Secretary 
     considers appropriate.
       (e) Assignment.--
       (1) In general.--Each individual who participates in the 
     fellows program shall be assigned to a position in the Office 
     of the Secretary of Defense.
       (2) Position requirements.--Each Under Secretary of Defense 
     and each Director of a Defense Agency who reports directly to 
     the Secretary shall submit to the Secretary each year the 
     qualifications and skills to be demonstrated by participants 
     in the fellows program to qualify for assignment under this 
     subsection for service in a position of the office of such 
     Under Secretary or Director.
       (3) Assignment to positions.--The Secretary shall each year 
     assign participants in the fellows program to positions in 
     the offices of the Under Secretaries and Directors described 
     in paragraph (2). In making such assignments, the Secretary 
     shall seek to best match the qualifications and skills of 
     participants in the fellows program with the requirements of 
     positions available for assignment. Each participant so 
     assigned shall serve as a special assistant to the Under 
     Secretary or Director to whom assigned.
       (4) Term.--The term of each assignment under the fellows 
     program shall be one year.
       (5) Pay and benefits.--An individual assigned to a position 
     under the fellows program shall be compensated at the rate of 
     compensation for employees at level GS-10 of the General 
     Schedule, and shall be treated as an employee of the United 
     States during the term of assignment, including for purposes 
     of eligibility for health care benefits and retirement 
     benefits available to employees of the United States.
       (6) Education loan repayment.--To the extent that funds are 
     provided in advance in appropriations Acts, the Secretary may 
     repay any loan of a participant in the fellows program if the 
     loan is described by subparagraph (A), (B), or (C) of section 
     16301(a)(1) of title 10, United States Code. Any repayment of 
     loans under this paragraph shall be on a first-come, first-
     served basis.
       (f) Career Development.--
       (1) In general.--The Secretary shall ensure that 
     participants in the fellows program--
       (A) receive opportunities and support appropriate for the 
     commencement of a career track within the Department leading 
     toward a future position of senior leadership within the 
     Department, including ongoing mentorship support through 
     appropriate personnel from entities within the Department 
     such as the Defense Business Board and the Defense Innovation 
     Board; and
       (B) are provided appropriate opportunities for employment 
     and advancement within the Department upon successful 
     completion of the fellows program.
       (2) Reservation of positions.--In carrying out paragraph 
     (1)(B), the Secretary shall reserve for participants who 
     successfully complete the fellows program not fewer than 30 
     positions in the excepted service within the Department that

[[Page S4130]]

     are suitable for the commencement of a career track toward 
     senior leadership within the Department. Any position so 
     reserved shall not be subject to or covered by any reduction 
     in headquarters personnel required under any other provision 
     of law.
       (3) Noncompetitive appointment.--Upon the successful 
     completion of the assignment of a participant in the fellows 
     program in a position pursuant to subsection (e), the 
     Secretary may, without regard to the provisions of subchapter 
     I of chapter 33 of title 5, United States Code, appoint the 
     participant to a position reserved pursuant to paragraph (2) 
     if the Secretary determines that such appointment will 
     contribute to the development of highly qualified future 
     senior leaders for the Department.
       (4) Publication of selection.--The Secretary shall publish 
     on an Internet website of the Department available to the 
     public the names of the individuals selected to participate 
     in the fellows program.
       (g) Outreach.--The Secretary shall undertake appropriate 
     outreach to inform potential participants in the fellows 
     program of the nature and benefits of participation in the 
     fellows program.
       (h) Regulations.--The Secretary shall carry out this 
     section in accordance with such regulations as the Secretary 
     may prescribe for purposes of this section.
       (i) Funding.--Of the amounts authorized to be appropriated 
     for each fiscal year for the Department of Defense for 
     operation and maintenance, Defense-wide, $10,000,000 may be 
     available to carry out the fellows program in such fiscal 
     year.

     SEC. 1255. REPORTS ON NUCLEAR CAPABILITIES OF THE DEMOCRATIC 
                   PEOPLE'S REPUBLIC OF KOREA.

       (a) Baseline Report.--Not later than 60 days after the date 
     of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense, in 
     coordination with the Director of National Intelligence, 
     shall submit to the appropriate committees of Congress a 
     report on the status of the nuclear program of the Democratic 
     People's Republic of Korea to establish a baseline of 
     progress for negotiations with the Democratic People's 
     Republic of Korea with respect to denuclearization.
       (b) Elements.--The report required by subsection (a) shall 
     include the following, to the extent known or suspected:
       (1) A description of the location, quantity, capability, 
     and operational status of the nuclear weapons of the 
     Democratic People's Republic of Korea.
       (2) A description of the location of nuclear research, 
     development, production, and testing facilities of the 
     Democratic People's Republic of Korea, including covert 
     facilities.
       (3) A description of the location, quantity, capability, 
     and operational status of the ballistic missiles of the 
     Democratic People's Republic of Korea.
       (4) A description of the location of the ballistic missile 
     manufacturing and assembly facilities of the Democratic 
     People's Republic of Korea.
       (5) An assessment of any intelligence gaps with respect to 
     the information required by this subsection and verification 
     or inspection measures that may fill such gaps.
       (c) Updates.--
       (1) In general.--In the case of an agreement between the 
     United States and the Democratic People's Republic of Korea, 
     not later than 60 days after the date on which the agreement 
     is reached, and every 90 days thereafter, the report required 
     by subsection (a) shall be augmented by a written update.
       (2) Elements.--Each written update under paragraph (1) 
     shall include the following for the preceding 90-day period:
       (A) A description of the number of nuclear weapons and 
     ballistic missiles verifiably dismantled, destroyed, rendered 
     permanently unusable, or transferred out of the Democratic 
     People's Republic of Korea.
       (B) An identification of the location of nuclear research, 
     development, production, and testing facilities in the 
     Democratic People's Republic of Korea identified and 
     verifiably dismantled, destroyed, or rendered permanently 
     unusable.
       (C) An identification of the location of ballistic missile 
     manufacturing and assembly facilities in the Democratic 
     People's Republic of Korea verifiably dismantled, destroyed, 
     or rendered permanently unusable.
       (D) A description of the number of nuclear weapons and 
     ballistic missiles that remain in or under the control of the 
     Democratic People's Republic of Korea.
       (E) An assessment of the progress made in extending the 
     breakout period required for the Democratic People's Republic 
     of Korea to reconstitute its nuclear weapons program and 
     build a nuclear weapon, as such progress relates to the 
     information required by subparagraphs (A) through (D).
       (d) Verification Assessment Report.--Not later than 180 
     days after the date on which the report required by 
     subsection (a) is submitted, and every 180 days thereafter, 
     the written update required under paragraph (1) of subsection 
     (c) shall include, in addition to the information required by 
     subparagraphs (A) through (E) of that subsection, the 
     following for the preceding 180-day period:
       (1) An assessment of the establishment of safeguards, other 
     control mechanisms, and other assurances secured from the 
     Democratic People's Republic of Korea to ensure the 
     activities of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea 
     permitted under any agreement will not be used to further any 
     nuclear-related military or nuclear explosive purpose, 
     including research on or development of a nuclear explosive 
     device.
       (2) An assessment of the capacity of the United States or 
     an international organization, including the International 
     Atomic Energy Agency, to effectively access and investigate 
     suspicious sites in the Democratic People's Republic of Korea 
     or allegations of covert nuclear-related activities, 
     including storage sites for nuclear weapons.
       (e) Sunset.--The section shall cease to be effective on the 
     date that is three years after the date of the enactment of 
     this Act.
       (f) Appropriate Committees of Congress Defined.--In this 
     section, the term ``appropriate committees of Congress'' 
     means--
       (1) the Committee on Armed Services, the Select Committee 
     on Intelligence, the Committee on Foreign Relations, and the 
     Committee on Appropriations of the Senate; and
       (2) the Committee on Armed Services, the Permanent Select 
     Committee on Intelligence, the Committee on Foreign Affairs, 
     and the Committee on Appropriations of the House of 
     Representatives.

     SEC. 1256. REPORT ON UNITED STATES MILITARY TRAINING 
                   OPPORTUNITIES WITH ALLIES AND PARTNERS IN THE 
                   INDO-PACIFIC REGION.

       (a) Sense of Senate.--It is the sense of the Senate that--
       (1) the Secretary of Defense, as part of strategic 
     initiatives, should continue to place emphasis on and 
     consider the benefits of United States military training 
     exercises with allies in the Indo-Pacific region;
       (2) the Indo-Pacific region is--
       (A) a strategically important region; and
       (B) critical to the interests of the United States;
       (3) the relationship between the United States and allies 
     and partners in the Indo-Pacific region is essential for 
     ensuring peace and security in the region;
       (4) interoperability between the United States and allies 
     in the Indo-Pacific region increases readiness and regional 
     contingency response time;
       (5) the United States should focus on expanding training 
     with other allied nations and partners in the Indo-Pacific 
     region;
       (6) the United States, working within our framework of 
     alliances and partnerships, should seek to build the capacity 
     and capability of our allies and partners in the Indo-Pacific 
     region and to expand interoperability with them; and
       (7) the United States and its partners in the Indo-Pacific 
     region should continue to work together to build the forces, 
     infrastructure, relationships, and training needed to respond 
     to search and rescue and humanitarian assistance needed in 
     the whole of catastrophic natural disasters.
       (b) Report.--
       (1) In general.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
     the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall 
     submit to the congressional defense committees a report on 
     future United States military training opportunities with 
     allied and partner countries in the Indo-Pacific region.
       (2) Elements.--The report required by paragraph (1) shall 
     include the following:
       (A) A detailed description of--
       (i) current United States military exercises involving 
     United States partners and allies in the Indo-Pacific region;
       (ii) the manner in which such exercises are intended to 
     improve the capability and capacity of such partners and 
     allies; and
       (iii) the interoperability of such partners and allies with 
     the United States Armed Forces.
       (B) An analysis of the potential to expand the size, scope, 
     or makeup of such exercises to include--
       (i) additional forces and units of current participants;
       (ii) additional capabilities or training; and
       (iii) other allies and partners in the Indo-Pacific region 
     and other regions.
       (C) An identification of new United States military 
     exercises that may be initiated in the Indo-Pacific region 
     with--
       (i) security treaty allies such as Japan, South Korea, 
     Australia, the Philippines, and Thailand;
       (ii) growing partners such as India, Indonesia, Malaysia, 
     Mongolia, New Zealand, Singapore, Sri Lanka, and Vietnam;
       (iii) existing multilateral frameworks, such as the 
     Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN);
       (iv) allies and partners outside the Indo-Pacific region; 
     and
       (v) potential new allies or partners.
       (3) Form.--The report required by paragraph (1) shall be 
     submitted in unclassified form, but may include a classified 
     annex.

                       Subtitle G--Other Matters

     SEC. 1261. MODIFICATION OF AUTHORITIES RELATING TO 
                   ACQUISITION AND CROSS-SERVICING AGREEMENTS.

       (a) Prohibitions.--Section 2342 of title 10, United States 
     Code, is amended--
       (1) by redesignating subsection (d) as subsection (f); and
       (2) by inserting after subsection (c) the following new 
     subsections (d) and (e):
       ``(d) The Secretary of may not use an agreement with any 
     government of an organization described in subsection (a)(1) 
     to facilitate the transfer of logistic support, supplies, and 
     services to any country or organization with which the 
     Secretary has not signed an agreement described in subsection 
     (a)(2).
       ``(e) An agreement described in subsection (a)(2) may not 
     provide or otherwise constitute a commitment for the 
     introduction of the armed forces into hostilities.''.
       (b) Annual Reports.--Such section is further amended by 
     adding at the end the following new subsection:
       ``(g) Not later than January 15 each year, the Secretary 
     shall submit to the appropriate committees of Congress a 
     report on acquisition and cross-servicing activities that 
     sets forth, in detail, the following:
       ``(1) A list of agreements in effect pursuant to subsection 
     (a)(1) during the preceding fiscal year.

[[Page S4131]]

       ``(2) The date on which each agreement listed under 
     paragraph (1) was signed, and, in the case of an agreement 
     with a country that is not a member of the North Atlantic 
     Treaty Organization, the date on which the Secretary notified 
     Congress pursuant to subsection (b)(2) of the designation of 
     such country under subsection (a).
       ``(3) The total dollar amount and major categories of 
     logistic support, supplies, and services provided during the 
     preceding fiscal year under each such agreement.
       ``(4) The total dollar amount and major categories of 
     reciprocal provisions of logistic support, supplies, and 
     services received under each such agreement.
       ``(5) With respect to the calendar year during which the 
     report is submitted, an assessment of the following:
       ``(A) The anticipated logistic support, supplies, and 
     services requirements of the United States.
       ``(B) The anticipated requirements of other countries for 
     United States logistic support, supplies, and services.''.
       (c) Definitions.--Such section is further amended--
       (1) in subsection (b)(2), by striking ``the Committee on 
     Armed Services'' the first place it appears and all that 
     follows through ``the House of Representatives'' and 
     inserting ``the appropriate committees of Congress''; and
       (2) by adding at the end the following new subsection:
       ``(h) In this section, the term `appropriate committees of 
     Congress' means--
       ``(1) the Committee on Armed Services and the Committee on 
     Foreign Relations of the Senate; and
       ``(2) the Committee on Armed Services and the Committee on 
     Foreign Affairs of the House of Representatives.''.

     SEC. 1262. EXTENSION OF AUTHORITY FOR TRANSFER OF AMOUNTS FOR 
                   GLOBAL ENGAGEMENT CENTER.

       Section 1287(e)(1) of the National Defense Authorization 
     Act for Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328; 130 Stat. 2546; 
     22 U.S.C. 2656 note) is amended--
       (1) in subparagraph (A), by striking ``and'' at the end;
       (2) in subparagraph (B), by striking the period at the end 
     and inserting ``; and''; and
       (3) by adding at the end the following new subparagraph:
       ``(C) for fiscal year 2019 are less than $80,000,000, the 
     Secretary of Defense is authorized to transfer, from amounts 
     authorized to be appropriated by an Act authorizing funds for 
     the Department of Defense for fiscal year 2019, to the 
     Secretary of State an amount, not to exceed $60,000,000, to 
     be available to carry out the functions of the Center for 
     fiscal year 2019.''.

     SEC. 1263. SENSE OF SENATE ON PURCHASE BY TURKEY OF S-400 AIR 
                   DEFENSE SYSTEM.

       It is the sense of the Senate that if the Republic of 
     Turkey purchases the S-400 air defense system from the 
     Russian Federation--
       (1) such purchase would constitute a significant 
     transaction within the meaning of section 231(a) of the 
     Countering Russian Influence in Europe and Eurasia Act of 
     2017 (title II of Public Law 115-44; 22 U.S.C. 9525(a)); and
       (2) the President should faithfully execute that Act by 
     imposing and applying sanctions under section 235 of that Act 
     (22 U.S.C. 9529) with respect to any individual or entity 
     determined to have engaged in such significant transaction as 
     if such person were a sanctioned person for purposes of such 
     section 235.

     SEC. 1264. DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE SUPPORT FOR STABILIZATION 
                   ACTIVITIES IN NATIONAL SECURITY INTEREST OF THE 
                   UNITED STATES.

       (a) In General.--The Secretary of Defense may, with the 
     concurrence of the Secretary of State and in consultation 
     with the Administrator of the United States Agency for 
     International Development and the Director of the Office of 
     Management and Budget, provide support for the stabilization 
     activities of other Federal agencies specified under 
     subsection (c).
       (b) Designation of Foreign Areas.--
       (1) In general.--Amounts authorized to be provided pursuant 
     to this section shall be available only for support for 
     stabilization activities--
       (A) in a country specified in paragraph (2); and
       (B) that the Secretary of Defense, with the concurrence of 
     the Secretary of State, has determined are in the national 
     security interest of the United States.
       (2) Specified countries.--The countries specified in this 
     paragraph are as follows:
       (A) Iraq.
       (B) Syria.
       (C) Afghanistan.
       (D) Somalia.
       (c) Support to Other Agencies.--
       (1) In general.--Support may be provided for stabilization 
     activities under subsection (a) to the Department of State, 
     the United States Agency for International Development, or 
     other Federal agencies, on a reimbursable or nonreimbursable 
     basis.
       (2) Type of support.--Support under subsection (a) may 
     consist of--
       (A) logistic support, supplies, and services; and
       (B) equipment.
       (d) Requirement for a Stabilization Strategy.--
       (1) Limitation.--With respect to any country specified in 
     subsection (b)(2), no amount of support may be provided under 
     subsection (a) until 15 days after the date on which the 
     Secretary of Defense, with the concurrence of the Secretary 
     of State, submits to the appropriate committees of Congress a 
     detailed report setting forth a stabilization strategy for 
     such country.
       (2) Elements of determination.--The stabilization strategy 
     required by paragraph (1) shall set forth the following:
       (A) The United States interests in conducting stabilization 
     activities in the country specified in subsection (b)(2).
       (B) The key foreign partners and actors in such country.
       (C) The desired end states and objectives of the United 
     States stabilization activities in such country.
       (D) The Department of Defense support intended to be 
     provided for the stabilization activities of other Federal 
     agencies under section (a).
       (E) Any mechanism for civil-military coordination regarding 
     support for stabilization activities.
       (F) The mechanisms for monitoring and evaluating the 
     effectiveness of Department of Defense support for United 
     States stabilization activities in the area.
       (e) Requirement for Guidance.--No amount of support may be 
     provided under subsection (a) until 30 days after the date on 
     which the Secretary of Defense submits to the appropriate 
     committees of Congress written guidance for the design, 
     implementation, monitoring, and evaluation of support 
     provided under that subsection.
       (f) Report.--The Secretary of Defense, with the concurrence 
     of the Secretary of State, shall submit to the appropriate 
     committees of Congress on an annual basis a report that 
     includes the following:
       (1) The identification of each foreign area within 
     countries specified in subparagraph (b)(2) for which support 
     to stabilization has occurred.
       (2) The total amount spent by the Department of Defense, 
     broken out by recipient Federal agency and activity.
       (3) An assessment of the contribution of each activity 
     toward greater stability.
       (4) An articulation of any plans for continued Department 
     of Defense support to stabilization in the specified foreign 
     area in order to maintain or improve stability.
       (5) Other matters as the Secretary considers to be 
     appropriate.
       (g) Use of Funds.--
       (1) Source of funds.--Amounts for activities carried out 
     under this section in a fiscal year shall be derived only 
     from amounts authorized to be appropriated for such fiscal 
     year for the Department of Defense for Ope