SENATE CONCURRENT RESOLUTION 2--EXPRESSING THE SENSE OF CONGRESS THAT ANY UNITED STATES-SAUDI ARABIA CIVILIAN NUCLEAR COOPERATION AGREEMENT MUST PROHIBIT THE KINGDOM OF SAUDI ARABIA FROM ENRICHING...; Congressional Record Vol. 165, No. 27
(Senate - February 12, 2019)

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[Pages S1280-S1281]
From the Congressional Record Online through the Government Publishing Office [www.gpo.gov]




 SENATE CONCURRENT RESOLUTION 2--EXPRESSING THE SENSE OF CONGRESS THAT 
 ANY UNITED STATES-SAUDI ARABIA CIVILIAN NUCLEAR COOPERATION AGREEMENT 
  MUST PROHIBIT THE KINGDOM OF SAUDI ARABIA FROM ENRICHING URANIUM OR 
    SEPARATING PLUTONIUM ON ITS OWN TERRITORY, IN KEEPING WITH THE 
         STRONGEST POSSIBLE NONPROLIFERATION ``GOLD STANDARD''

  Mr. MERKLEY (for himself, Mr. Paul, and Mr. Markey) submitted the 
following concurrent resolution; which was referred to the Committee on 
Foreign Relations:

                             S. Con. Res. 2

       Whereas, on May 21, 2009, the United States and the United 
     Arab Emirates signed a bilateral agreement pursuant to 
     section 123 of the Atomic Energy Act of 1954 (42 U.S.C. 
     2153), establishing cooperation on civilian nuclear programs 
     in which the United Arab Emirates agreed that it ``shall not 
     possess sensitive nuclear facilities within its territory or 
     otherwise engage in activities within its territory for, or 
     relating to, the enrichment or reprocessing of material, or 
     for the alternation in form or content (except by irradiation 
     or further irradiation or, if agreed by the Parties, post-
     irradiation examination) of plutonium, uranium 233, high 
     enriched uranium, or irradiated source or special fissionable 
     material'';
       Whereas the civil nuclear cooperation agreement between the 
     United States and the United Arab Emirates further obligates 
     the United Arab Emirates to bring into force its Additional 
     Protocol to its IAEA Safeguards Agreement before the United 
     States licenses ``exports of nuclear material, equipment, 
     components, or technology'' pursuant to the agreement; and
       Whereas this agreement became known as the first ``gold 
     standard'' civil nuclear agreement and was lauded as a step 
     toward establishing a precedent for strong nonproliferation 
     standards on the Arabian Peninsula: Now, therefore, be it
       Resolved by the Senate (the House of Representatives 
     concurring), That it is the sense of Congress that any United 
     States-Saudi Arabia civilian nuclear cooperation agreement 
     under section 123 of the Atomic Energy Act of 1954 (42 U.S.C. 
     2153), commonly known as a ``123 Agreement'', concluded in 
     the future should prohibit the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia from 
     enriching uranium or separating plutonium on Saudi Arabian 
     territory in keeping with the strongest possible 
     nonproliferation ``gold standard'' as well as require the 
     Kingdom of Saudi Arabia to bring into force the Additional 
     Protocol with the International Atomic Energy Agency.

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