TEXT OF AMENDMENTS; Congressional Record Vol. 165, No. 103
(Senate - June 19, 2019)

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[Pages S3851-S4104]
From the Congressional Record Online through the Government Publishing Office [www.gpo.gov]




                           TEXT OF AMENDMENTS

  SA 756. Mr. PERDUE (for himself and Mr. Braun) submitted an amendment 
intended to be proposed by him to the bill S. 1790, to authorize 
appropriations for fiscal year 2020 for military activities of the 
Department of Defense, for military construction, and for defense 
activities of the Department of Energy, to prescribe military personnel 
strengths for such fiscal year, and for other purposes; which was 
ordered to lie on the table; as follows:

       At the end of subtitle H of title X, add the following:

     SEC. 108__. SENSE OF CONGRESS ON THE NATIONAL DEBT AS A 
                   THREAT TO NATIONAL SECURITY.

       (a) Findings.--Congress finds that--
       (1) in February 2019, the total public debt outstanding was 
     more than $22,000,000,000,000, resulting in a total interest 
     expense of more than $192,000,000,000 for fiscal year 2019;
       (2) on December 21, 2018, the total public debt as a 
     percentage of gross domestic product was 104 percent;
       (3) the last balanced Federal budget was signed into law in 
     1997;
       (4) in fiscal year 2018, Federal tax receipts totaled 
     $3,329,000,000,000, but Federal outlays totaled 
     $4,108,000,000,000, leaving the Federal Government with a 1-
     year deficit of $779,000,000,000;
       (5) every year since the last balanced Federal budget was 
     signed in 1997, Congress has failed to maintain a fiscally 
     responsible budget and has typically relied on raising the 
     debt ceiling;
       (6) the Social Security and Medicare Boards of Trustees 
     project that the Federal Hospital Insurance Trust Fund will 
     be depleted in 2026;
       (7) the Social Security and Medicare Boards of Trustees 
     project that the Federal Old-Age and Survivors Insurance 
     Trust Fund and the Federal Disability Insurance Trust Fund 
     will be depleted in 2034;
       (8) the credit rating of the United States was reduced by 
     Standard and Poor's from AAA to AA+ on August 5, 2011, and 
     has remained at that level since that date;
       (9) without a targeted effort to balance the Federal 
     budget, the credit rating of the United States is certain to 
     continue to fall;
       (10) the National Security Strategy issued by President 
     Donald Trump highlights the need to reduce the national debt 
     through fiscal responsibility;
       (11) on April 12, 2018, former Secretary of Defense James 
     Mattis warned that ``any Nation that can't keep its fiscal 
     house in order eventually cannot maintain its military 
     power'';
       (12) on March 6, 2018, Director of National Intelligence 
     Dan Coats warned: ``Our continued plunge into debt is 
     unsustainable and represents a dire future threat to our 
     economy and to our national security'';
       (13) on November 15, 2017, former Secretaries of Defense 
     Leon Panetta, Ash Carter, and Chuck Hagel warned: ``Increase 
     in the debt will, in the absence of a comprehensive budget 
     that addresses both entitlements and revenues, force even 
     deeper reductions in our national security capabilities''; 
     and
       (14) on September 22, 2011, former Chairman of the Joint 
     Chiefs of Staff Michael Mullen warned: ``I believe the 
     single, biggest threat to our national security is debt''.
       (b) Sense of Congress.--It is the sense of Congress that--
       (1) the national debt is a threat to the national security 
     of the United States;
       (2) deficits are unsustainable, irresponsible, and 
     dangerous; and
       (3) Congress should commit to addressing the fiscal crisis 
     faced by the United States.
                                 ______
                                 
  SA 757. Mr. MANCHIN submitted an amendment intended to be proposed by 
him to the bill S. 1790, to authorize appropriations for fiscal year 
2020 for military activities of the Department of Defense, for military 
construction, and for defense activities of the Department of Energy, 
to prescribe military personnel strengths for such fiscal year, and for 
other purposes; which was ordered to lie on the table; as follows:

       At the appropriate place, insert the following:

[[Page S3852]]

  


     SEC. __. CONGRESSIONAL COMMISSION ON PREVENTING, COUNTERING, 
                   AND RESPONDING TO NUCLEAR AND RADIOLOGICAL 
                   TERRORISM.

       (a) Establishment.--There is hereby established a 
     commission, to be known as the ``Congressional Commission on 
     Preventing, Countering, and Responding to Nuclear and 
     Radiological Terrorism'' (referred to in this Act as the 
     ``Commission''), which shall develop a comprehensive strategy 
     to prevent, counter, and respond to nuclear and radiological 
     terrorism.
       (b) Composition.--
       (1) Membership.--The Commission shall be composed of 12 
     members, of whom--
       (A) 1 shall be appointed by the majority leader of the 
     Senate;
       (B) 1 shall be appointed by the minority leader of the 
     Senate;
       (C) 1 shall be appointed by the Speaker of the House of 
     Representatives;
       (D) 1 shall be appointed by the minority leader of the 
     House of Representatives;
       (E) 1 shall be appointed by the chairman of the Committee 
     on Armed Services of the Senate;
       (F) 1 shall be appointed by the ranking minority member of 
     the Committee on Armed Services of the Senate;
       (G) 1 shall be appointed by the chairman of the Committee 
     on Armed Services of the House of Representatives;
       (H) 1 shall be appointed by the ranking minority member of 
     the Committee on Armed Services of the House of 
     Representatives;
       (I) 1 shall be appointed by the chairman of the Committee 
     on Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs of the Senate;
       (J) 1 shall be appointed by the ranking minority member of 
     the Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs 
     of the Senate;
       (K) 1 shall be appointed by the chairman of the Committee 
     on Homeland Security of the House of Representatives; and
       (L) 1 shall be appointed by the ranking minority member of 
     the Committee on Homeland Security of the House of 
     Representatives.
       (2) Chairman; vice chairman.--
       (A) Chairman.--The chair of the Committee on Homeland 
     Security and Governmental Affairs of the Senate and the chair 
     of the Committee on Homeland Security of the House of 
     Representatives shall jointly designate 1 member of the 
     Commission to serve as Chair of the Commission.
       (B) Vice chairman.--The ranking member of the Committee on 
     Armed Services of the Senate and the ranking member of the 
     Committee on Armed Services of the House of Representatives 
     shall jointly designate 1 member of the Commission to serve 
     as Vice Chair of the Commission.
       (3) Period of appointment; vacancies.--Members shall be 
     appointed for the life of the Commission. Any vacancy in the 
     Commission shall be filled in the same manner as the original 
     appointment.
       (c) Duties.--
       (1) Review.--After conducting a review of the United 
     States' current strategy, outlined in the National Strategy 
     for Countering Weapons of Mass Destruction Terrorism, to 
     prevent, counter, and respond to nuclear and radiological 
     terrorism, the Commission shall develop a comprehensive 
     strategy that--
       (A) identifies national and international nuclear and 
     radiological terrorism risks and critical emerging threats;
       (B) prevents state and nonstate actors from acquiring the 
     technologies, materials, and critical expertise needed to 
     mount nuclear or radiological attacks;
       (C) counters efforts by state and nonstate actors to mount 
     such attacks;
       (D) responds to nuclear and radiological terrorism 
     incidents to attribute their origin and help manage their 
     consequences;
       (E) provides the projected resources to implement and 
     sustain the strategy;
       (F) delineates indicators for assessing progress toward 
     implementing the strategy;
       (G) makes recommendations for improvements to the National 
     Strategy for Countering Weapons of Mass Destruction 
     Terrorism;
       (H) determines whether a Nuclear Nonproliferation Council 
     is needed to oversee and coordinate nuclear nonproliferation, 
     nuclear counterproliferation, nuclear security, and nuclear 
     arms control activities and programs of the United States 
     Government; and
       (I) if the Commission determines that such council is 
     needed, provides recommendations regarding--
       (i) appropriate council membership;
       (ii) frequency of meetings;
       (iii) responsibilities of the council;
       (iv) coordination within the United States Government; and
       (v) congressional reporting requirements.
       (2) Assessment and recommendations.--
       (A) Assessment.--The Commission shall assess the benefits 
     and risks associated with the current United States strategy 
     in relation to nuclear terrorism.
       (B) Recommendations.--The Commission shall develop 
     recommendations regarding the most effective nuclear 
     terrorism strategy.
       (d) Cooperation From Government.--
       (1) Cooperation.--In carrying out its duties, the 
     Commission shall receive the full and timely cooperation of 
     the Secretary of Defense, the Secretary of Energy, and the 
     Secretary of Homeland Security in providing the Commission 
     with analyses, briefings, and other information necessary for 
     the fulfillment of its responsibilities.
       (2) Liaison.--The Secretary of Defense, the Secretary of 
     Energy, and the Secretary of Homeland Security shall each 
     designate at least 1 officer or employee of the Department of 
     Defense, the Department of Energy, and the Department of 
     Homeland Security, respectively, to serve as a liaison 
     officer with the Commission.
       (e) Strategic Report.--
       (1) In general.--Not later than December 1, 2020, the 
     Commission shall submit a strategic report containing the 
     Commission's findings, conclusions, and recommendations to--
       (A) the President;
       (B) the Secretary of Defense;
       (C) the Secretary of Energy;
       (D) the Secretary of Homeland Security;
       (E) the Committee on Armed Services of the Senate; and
       (F) the Committee on Armed Services of the House of 
     Representatives.
       (2) Contents.--The report required under paragraph (1) 
     shall outline how the Federal Government will--
       (A) encourage and incentivize other countries and relevant 
     international organizations, such as the International Atomic 
     Energy Agency and INTERPOL, to make nuclear and radiological 
     security a priority;
       (B) improve cooperation, with a focus on developing and 
     deploying technologies to detect and prevent illicit 
     transfers of weapons of mass destruction-related materials, 
     equipment, and technology, and appropriate integration among 
     Federal entities and Federal, State, and tribal governments; 
     and
       (C) improve cooperation, with a focus on developing and 
     deploying technologies to detect and prevent illicit 
     transfers of weapons of mass destruction-related materials, 
     equipment, and technology, between the United States and 
     other countries and international organizations, while 
     focusing on cooperation with China, India, Pakistan, and 
     Russia.
       (f) Termination.--The Commission shall terminate on the 
     date on which the report is submitted under subsection 
     (e)(1).
                                 ______
                                 
  SA 758. Mr. SCHUMER (for himself and Mrs. Gillibrand) submitted an 
amendment intended to be proposed by him to the bill S. 1790, to 
authorize appropriations for fiscal year 2020 for military activities 
of the Department of Defense, for military construction, and for 
defense activities of the Department of Energy, to prescribe military 
personnel strengths for such fiscal year, and for other purposes; which 
was ordered to lie on the table; as follows:

       At the end of subtitle A of title XXXI, add the following:

     SEC. 3105. ADDITIONAL AMOUNT FOR INERTIAL CONFINEMENT FUSION 
                   IGNITION AND HIGH YIELD PROGRAM.

       (a) In General.--The amount authorized to be appropriated 
     to the Department of Energy by section 3101 for fiscal year 
     2020 and available as specified in the funding table in 
     section 4701 for research, development, test and evaluation 
     for weapons activities for the inertial confinement fusion 
     ignition and high yield program is hereby increased by 
     $40,000,000.
       (b) Offset.--The amount authorized to be appropriated to 
     the Department of Energy by section 3101 for fiscal year 2020 
     and available as specified in the funding table in section 
     4701 for infrastructure and operations--
       (1) for maintenance and repair of facilities, is hereby 
     decreased by $20,000,000; and
       (2) for recapitalization for infrastructure and safety, is 
     hereby decreased by $20,000,000.
                                 ______
                                 
  SA 759. Mr. THUNE submitted an amendment intended to be proposed by 
him to the bill S. 1790, to authorize appropriations for fiscal year 
2020 for military activities of the Department of Defense, for military 
construction, and for defense activities of the Department of Energy, 
to prescribe military personnel strengths for such fiscal year, and for 
other purposes; which was ordered to lie on the table; as follows:

       At the end of subtitle D of title III, add the following:

     SEC. 342. REPORT ON NATIONAL AIRSPACE OF UNITED STATES.

       (a) In General.--Not later than 270 days after the date of 
     the enactment of this Act, the Director of Training and 
     Readiness of the Air Force, in consultation with the 
     Administrator of the Federal Aviation Administration and the 
     heads of such other Federal agencies as the Secretary of 
     Defense considers appropriate, shall submit to the 
     congressional defense committees a report on the national 
     airspace of the United States.
       (b) Elements.--The report required by subsection (a) shall 
     include the following:
       (1) An assessment of the strategic importance of the 
     national airspace of the United States.
       (2) An assessment of whether the current airspace system is 
     sufficient to ensure components of the Department of Defense 
     have sufficient access to airspace to meet worldwide 
     operational, training, exercise, test, and evaluation 
     requirements for peacetime, contingency, and wartime 
     operations, including an assessment of the following:
       (A) Whether current civil and military cooperation 
     mechanisms are providing for the effective and efficient 
     management of the national airspace for purposes of training 
     members of the Armed Forces.

[[Page S3853]]

       (B) Whether current civil and military cooperation 
     mechanisms provide sufficient notice to permit the planning 
     of large force exercises, including any necessary waivers for 
     altitudes, short notice testing requirements, and other 
     purposes.
       (C) Whether temporary or permanent realignment of the 
     jurisdictional boundaries of air route traffic control 
     centers of the Federal Aviation Administration would improve 
     current civil and military cooperation mechanisms for 
     conducting large force exercises.
       (D) Whether the current airspace system is sufficient to 
     meet the training needs of aviators in the Armed Forces to 
     meet high-end threats, including 5th generation aircraft, 
     unmanned aerial vehicles, and hypersonic weapons.
       (E) Whether current civil and military cooperation 
     mechanisms can sufficiently address the need to replicate 
     contested combat airspace, denied access combat airspace, and 
     airspace without use of Global Positioning System for 
     training of members of the Armed Forces.
       (F) Whether current civil and military cooperation 
     mechanisms provide sufficient notice to commercial and 
     general aviation regarding exercises and special use waivers.
       (3) An audit of the national airspace, including an audit 
     of the following:
       (A) Special use airspaces.
       (B) Military operations areas.
       (C) Temporary military operations areas.
       (D) Commercial flight routes.
       (E) Instrument routes.
       (F) Visual routes.
       (G) Unfulfilled user requirements.
       (H) Whether underutilized airspaces can be returned to the 
     national airspace system to enhance commercial route 
     efficiencies in high-traffic areas in exchange for expanded 
     training for the Armed Forces in low-traffic areas.
       (I) Proposed options and solutions to overcome challenges 
     identified in paragraph (2), including identifying whether--
       (i) a solution or solutions can be incorporated within the 
     existing memorandum of understanding between the Federal 
     Aviation Administration and the Department of Defense with 
     respect to the national airspace; or
       (ii) changes to current law are required.
                                 ______
                                 
  SA 760. Mr. SASSE (for himself, Mr. Cotton, Mr. Cruz, Mr. Scott of 
South Carolina, and Mr. Scott of Florida) submitted an amendment 
intended to be proposed by him to the bill S. 1790, to authorize 
appropriations for fiscal year 2020 for military activities of the 
Department of Defense, for military construction, and for defense 
activities of the Department of Energy, to prescribe military personnel 
strengths for such fiscal year, and for other purposes; which was 
ordered to lie on the table; as follows:

       At the end of part I of subtitle F of title V, add the 
     following:

     SEC. __. MILITARY EDUCATION SAVINGS ACCOUNTS.

       (a) In General.--The Secretary of Education (referred to in 
     this section as the ``Secretary''), in consultation with the 
     Secretary of Defense, shall carry out a program under which 
     the Secretary shall--
       (1) at the request of a parent of an eligible military 
     dependent child, establish an account on behalf of such child 
     (to be known as a ``Military Education Savings Account'') 
     into which the Secretary shall deposit funds in an amount 
     determined under subsection (d); and
       (2) establish a procedure under which the parent of the 
     child may use funds in the account to pay for the educational 
     expenses of the child in accordance with this section.
       (b) Application.--
       (1) In general.--To be eligible to participate in the 
     program under this section for a school year, a parent of an 
     eligible military dependent child shall submit an application 
     to the Secretary in accordance with this subsection.
       (2) Application process.--In carrying out paragraph (1), 
     the Secretary shall--
       (A) accept applications on a year-round basis and establish 
     procedures for approving applications in an expeditious 
     manner; and
       (B) create a standardized form that parents can use to 
     apply for the program and ensure that such form is readily 
     available in written and electronic formats, including on a 
     publicly accessible website.
       (3) Approval.--Subject to the availability of funds to 
     carry out this section, the Secretary shall approve the 
     application of a parent to establish a Military Education 
     Savings Account if--
       (A) the application is submitted in accordance with the 
     application process established by the Secretary pursuant to 
     this subsection;
       (B) the application demonstrates that the child on whose 
     behalf the Military Education Savings Account is to be 
     established is an eligible military dependent child; and
       (C) the parent who submits the application enters into a 
     written agreement with the Secretary under which the parent 
     agrees--
       (i) to provide the child with instruction in, at minimum, 
     the fields of reading, language, mathematics, science, and 
     social studies;
       (ii) to not enroll the child in a public elementary school 
     or a public secondary school, on a full-time basis while 
     participating in the program;
       (iii) to use funds in the Military Education Savings 
     Account only for the purposes authorized under this section; 
     and
       (iv) to comply with all other requirements of this section.
       (4) Renewals.--The Secretary shall establish a process for 
     the automatic renewal of a previously established Military 
     Education Savings Account except in cases in which--
       (A) the parents of the child on whose behalf the account 
     was established choose not to renew the account; or
       (B) the account was used to commit fraud or was otherwise 
     not used in accordance with the requirements of this section.
       (c) Priority in the Event of Insufficient Funds.--
       (1) In general.--If the funds appropriated to carry out 
     this section are insufficient to enable the Secretary to 
     establish and fully fund a Military Education Savings Account 
     for each eligible military dependent child whose parent has 
     an application approved under subsection (b) for a school 
     year, the Secretary shall--
       (A) first renew and fully fund previously established 
     Military Education Savings Accounts; and
       (B) if funds remain available after renewing all accounts 
     under subparagraph (A), conduct the lottery described in 
     paragraph (3) to select the children on whose behalf accounts 
     will be established using the remaining funds.
       (2) Transfer authority.--Notwithstanding any other 
     provision of law, the Secretary may transfer amounts from any 
     account of the Department of Education to renew and fully 
     fund previously established Military Education Savings 
     Accounts under paragraph (1)(A). The authority to transfer 
     amounts under the preceding sentence shall not be subject to 
     any transfer or reprogramming requirements under any other 
     provision of law.
       (3) Lottery.--The lottery described in this paragraph is a 
     lottery in which--
       (A) siblings of children on whose behalf Military Education 
     Savings Accounts have previously been established have the 
     highest probability of selection;
       (B) children of enlisted members have the next-highest 
     probability of selection after the children described in 
     subparagraph (A);
       (C) children of warrant officers have the next-highest 
     probability of selection after the children described in 
     subparagraph (B); and
       (D) children of commissioned officers have the lowest 
     probability of selection.
       (d) Amount of Deposits.--
       (1) First year of program.--The amount of funds deposited 
     into each Military Education Savings Account for the first 
     school year for which such accounts are established under 
     this section shall be $6000 for each eligible military 
     dependant child covered by the account.
       (2) Subsequent years.--The amount of funds deposited into 
     each Military Education Savings Account for any school year 
     after the year described in paragraph (1), shall be the 
     amount determined under this subsection for the previous 
     school year increased by a percentage equal to the percentage 
     increase in the Chained Consumer Price Index for All Urban 
     Consumers (as published by the Bureau of Labor Statistics of 
     the Department of Labor) over the period of such previous 
     school year.
       (e) Use of Funds.--Funds deposited into a Military 
     Education Savings Account for a school year may be used by 
     the parent of an eligible military dependent child to make 
     payments to a qualified educational service provider that is 
     approved by the Secretary under subsection (f)(1) for--
       (1) costs of attendance at a private elementary school or 
     secondary school recognized by the State, which may include a 
     private school that has a religious mission;
       (2) private online learning programs;
       (3) private tutoring;
       (4) services provided by a public elementary school or 
     secondary school attended by the child on a less than full-
     time basis, including individual classes and extracurricular 
     activities and programs;
       (5) textbooks, curriculum programs, or other instructional 
     materials, including any supplemental materials required by a 
     curriculum program, private school, private online learning 
     program, or a public school, or any parent directed 
     curriculum associated with K-12 education;
       (6) computer hardware or other technological devices that 
     are used to help meet a child's educational needs, except 
     that such hardware or devices may not be purchased by a 
     parent more than once in an 18-month period;
       (7) educational software and applications;
       (8) uniforms purchased from or through a private school 
     recognized by the State;
       (9) fees for nationally standardized assessment exams, 
     advanced placement exams, any exams related to college or 
     university admission, or tuition or fees for preparatory 
     courses for such exams;
       (10) fees for summer education programs and specialized 
     after-school education programs (but not including after-
     school childcare);
       (11) educational services and therapies, including 
     occupational, behavioral, physical, speech-language, and 
     audiology therapies;
       (12) fees for transportation paid to a fee-for-service 
     transportation provider for the child to travel to and from 
     the facilities of a qualified educational service provider;

[[Page S3854]]

       (13) costs of attendance at an institution of higher 
     education;
       (14) costs associated with an apprenticeship or other 
     vocational training program;
       (15) fees for state-recognized industry certification 
     exams, and tuition or fees for preparatory courses for such 
     exams;
       (16) contributions to a college savings account, which may 
     include contributions to a qualified tuition program (as 
     defined in section 529(b)(1)(A) of the Internal Revenue Code 
     of 1986) or other prepaid tuition plan offered by a State; or
       (17) any other educational expenses approved by the 
     Secretary.
       (f) Requirements for Qualified Educational Service 
     Providers.--
       (1) Registration and approval.--The Secretary shall 
     establish and maintain a registry of qualified educational 
     service providers that are approved to receive payments from 
     a Military Education Savings Account. The Secretary shall 
     approve a qualified educational service provider to receive 
     such payments if the provider demonstrates to the Secretary 
     that it is licensed in the State in which it operates to 
     provide one or more of the services for which funds may be 
     expended under subsection (e)
       (2) Participation in online marketplace.--As a condition of 
     receiving funds from a Military Education Savings Account, a 
     qualified educational service provider shall make its 
     services available for purchase through the online 
     marketplace described in subsection (g).
       (3) Surety bond.--
       (A) In general.--The Secretary shall require each qualified 
     educational service provider that receives $100,000 or more 
     in funds from Military Education Savings Accounts in a school 
     year to post a surety bond, in an amount determined by the 
     Secretary, for such school year.
       (B) Retention.--The Secretary shall prescribe the 
     circumstances under which a surety bond under subparagraph 
     (A) may be retained by the Secretary.
       (g) Online Marketplace.--
       (1) In general.--The Secretary shall seek to enter into a 
     contract with a private-sector entity under which the entity 
     shall--
       (A) establish and operate an online marketplace that 
     enables the holder of a Military Education Savings Account to 
     make direct purchases from qualified educational service 
     providers using funds from such account;
       (B) ensure that each qualified educational service provider 
     on the registry maintained by the Secretary under subsection 
     (f)(1) has made its services available for purchase through 
     the online marketplace;
       (C) ensure that all purchases made through the online 
     marketplace are for services that are allowable uses of funds 
     under subsection (e); and
       (D) develop and make available a standardized expense 
     report form, in electronic and hard copy formats, to be used 
     by parents for reporting expenses in accordance with 
     subsection (h)(3).
       (2) Rule of construction.--Nothing in this subsection shall 
     be construed to require the holder of a Military Education 
     Savings Account to make purchases using the online 
     marketplace described in paragraph (1).
       (h) Transfer Schedule.--
       (1) In general.--Subject to paragraph (2), the Secretary 
     shall make quarterly transfers of the amount calculated 
     pursuant to subsection (d) for deposit into the account of 
     each eligible military dependent child, except that the 
     Secretary may make transfers according to another transfer 
     schedule if the Secretary determines that a transfer schedule 
     other than quarterly transfers is necessary for the operation 
     of the education savings account.
       (2) Choice of schedule.--The Secretary shall establish a 
     process under which the parent of a child on whose behalf a 
     Military Education Savings Account is established may choose 
     a transfer schedule other than a transfer schedule determined 
     under paragraph (1).
       (3) Expense reports.--
       (A) Submission required.--Before receiving a transfer under 
     paragraph (1) or (2), the parent of an eligible military 
     dependent child on whose behalf a Military Education Savings 
     Account is established shall submit to the Secretary an 
     expense report demonstrating how funds from the most recent 
     transfer were expended.
       (B) Format.--Each such expense report shall be submitted 
     using the standardized expense report form developed under 
     subsection (g)(1)(D).
       (i) Rollover.--Amounts remaining in the Military Education 
     Savings Account of an eligible military dependent child at 
     the end of a school year shall remain available for use in 
     accordance with subsection (e) until the date on which such 
     account terminates under subsection (j).
       (j) Termination and Return of Funds.--
       (1) Termination.--The Military Education Savings Account of 
     an eligible military dependent child shall terminate on--
       (A) the date on which the child enrolls in a public 
     elementary school or secondary school on a full-time basis;
       (B) in the case of a child who is pursuing postsecondary 
     education, the earlier of--
       (i) the date on which the child completes postsecondary 
     education; or
       (ii) the date on which the child attains the age of 22 
     years;
       (C) in the case of a child who is an individual with a 
     disability, the date on which the child attains the age of 26 
     years; or
       (D) in the case of an individual not described in 
     subparagraphs (B) or (C), the earlier of--
       (i) the date on which the child attains the age of 22 
     years; or
       (ii) the expiration of any 2-year period during which funds 
     in the account are not used in accordance with this section.
       (2) Return of funds.--Any funds remaining in a Military 
     Education Savings Account on the date such account terminates 
     under paragraph (1) shall be returned to the Treasury of the 
     United States and shall be used to carry out the program 
     under this section.
       (k) Compulsory Attendance Requirements.--A State that 
     receives funds under this title shall consider a child with a 
     Military Education Savings Account for a school year as 
     meeting the State's compulsory school attendance requirements 
     for such school year.
       (l) Special Rule.--In the case of a child with a Military 
     Education Savings Account who attends a public school on a 
     less than full-time basis in a school year--
       (1) the child may not attend the public school free of 
     charge; and
       (2) funds in the account, in an amount determined pursuant 
     to an agreement between the parent of the child and the local 
     educational agency concerned, shall be used to pay for the 
     child's costs of attendance at such school.
       (m) Tax Treatment of Accounts.--
       (1) In general.--A Military Education Savings Account is 
     exempt from taxation under subtitle A of the Internal Revenue 
     Code of 1986.
       (2) Contributions and distributions.--For purposes of 
     subtitle A of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986--
       (A) any contribution to a military education savings 
     account by the Secretary under this Act shall not be 
     includible in the gross income of the individual for whose 
     benefit such account is maintained or the parent of such 
     individual; and
       (B) any distribution from a military education savings 
     account which is permitted under this Act shall not be 
     includible in the gross income of the individual for whose 
     benefit such account is maintained or the parent of such 
     individual.
       (n) Fraud Prevention and Reporting.--The Secretary shall 
     establish a website and a telephone hotline that enable 
     individuals to anonymously report suspected fraud in the 
     program under this section. The Secretary also shall conduct 
     or contract for random, quarterly, or annual audits of 
     accounts as needed to ensure compliance with this section.
       (o) Contract Authority.--The Secretary may enter into one 
     or more contracts for the purpose of carrying out the 
     responsibilities of the Secretary under this section.
       (p) Refunds.--The Secretary shall establish a process under 
     which payments from a Military Education Savings Accounts to 
     a qualified educational service provider shall be refunded to 
     the account in the event of fraud or nonperformance by the 
     provider.
       (q) Rules of Construction.--
       (1) Nonagency.--A qualified educational service provider 
     that receives a payment from a Military Education Savings 
     Account pursuant to this section shall not be considered an 
     agent of the State or the Federal Government solely because 
     the provider received such payment.
       (2) Federal or state supervision.--Nothing in this section 
     shall be construed to allow any agency of a State or the 
     Federal Government to exercise control or supervision over 
     any qualified educational service provider.
       (3) Imposition of additional requirements.--No Federal 
     requirements shall apply to a qualified educational service 
     provider other than the requirements specifically set forth 
     in this section. Nothing in this section shall be construed 
     to require a qualified educational service provider to alter 
     its creed, practices, admissions policy, or curriculum in 
     order to be eligible to receive payments from a Military 
     Education Savings Account.
       (4) Treatment of assistance.--For purposes of any Federal 
     law, assistance provided under this section shall be 
     considered assistance to the eligible military dependent 
     child or to the parents of a child on whose behalf a Military 
     Education Savings Account is established and shall not be 
     considered assistance to the qualified educational service 
     provider that uses or receives funds from a Military 
     Education Savings Account.
       (r) Legal Proceedings.--
       (1) Burden.--In any legal proceeding in which a qualified 
     educational service provider challenges a requirement imposed 
     by the Department of Education on the provider, the 
     Department shall have the burden of establishing that the 
     requirement is necessary and does not impose any undue burden 
     on the provider.
       (2) Limitation on liability.--
       (A) In general.--No liability shall arise on the part of an 
     entity described in subparagraph (B) solely because such 
     entity awards, uses, or receives funds from a Military 
     Education Savings Account.
       (B) Entity described.--The entities described in this 
     subparagraph are the following:
       (i) The Department of Education.
       (ii) An entity that enters into a contract with the 
     Secretary pursuant to subsection (g) or subsection (o).
       (iii) A qualified educational service provider.
       (3) Intervention.--

[[Page S3855]]

       (A) In general.--Except as provided in subparagraph (B), a 
     parent of an eligible military dependent child or a parent of 
     a child on whose behalf a Military Education Savings Account 
     is established may intervene in any legal proceeding in which 
     the constitutionality of the program under this section is 
     challenged under a State constitution or the United States 
     Constitution.
       (B) Exception.--For purposes of judicial administration, a 
     court may--
       (i) limit the number of parents allowed to intervene in a 
     proceeding under subparagraph (A); or
       (ii) require all parents who have intervened in a 
     proceeding under subparagraph (A) to file a joint brief, 
     except that no parent shall be required to join any brief 
     filed on behalf of a State that is a defendant in the 
     proceeding.
       (s) Administrative Expenses.--The Secretary may use not 
     more than 5 percent of the funds made available to carry out 
     this section for the direct costs of administering Military 
     Education Savings Accounts.
       (t) Definitions.--In this section:
       (1) The terms ``commissioned officer'', ``enlisted 
     member'', and ``warrant officer'' have the meanings given 
     those terms in section 101(b) of title 10, United States 
     Code.
       (2) The term ``eligible military dependent child'' means a 
     child who--
       (A) has a parent on active duty in the uniformed services 
     (as that term is defined in section 101 of title 37, United 
     States Code, except that such term does not include an 
     officer in the National Guard who has been activated); and
       (B) in the case of a child seeking to establish a Military 
     Education Savings account for the first time, was enrolled in 
     a public elementary school or a public secondary school for 
     not less than 100 consecutive days in the preceding school 
     year.
       (3) The term ``institution of higher education'' has the 
     meaning given the term in section 102 of the Higher Education 
     Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 1002).
       (4) The term ``qualified educational service provider'' 
     means an entity or person that is licensed by a State to 
     provide one or more of the educational services for which 
     funds may be expended under subsection (e), including--
       (A) a private school;
       (B) a non-public online learning program or course 
     provider;
       (C) an institution of higher education, which may include a 
     community college or a technical college;
       (D) a public school;
       (E) a private tutor or entity that operates a tutoring 
     facility;
       (F) a provider of educational materials or curriculum;
       (G) a provider of education-related therapies or services; 
     or
       (H) any other provider of educational services licensed by 
     a State to provide such services.
       (u) Authorization of Appropriations.--For the purpose of 
     carrying out this section--
       (1) there are authorized to be appropriated $1,200,000,000 
     for fiscal year 2020; and
       (2) for each fiscal year beginning after fiscal year 2020, 
     the amount authorized to be appropriated shall be the amount 
     authorized to be appropriated for the previous fiscal year 
     increased by the percentage increase in the Chained Consumer 
     Price Index for All Urban Consumers (as published by the 
     Bureau of Labor Statistics of the Department of Labor) over 
     the period of such previous fiscal year.
                                 ______
                                 
  SA 761. Mr. SASSE (for himself, Mr. King, Mr. Rounds, and Mrs. 
Gillibrand) submitted an amendment intended to be proposed by him to 
the bill S. 1790, to authorize appropriations for fiscal year 2020 for 
military activities of the Department of Defense, for military 
construction, and for defense activities of the Department of Energy, 
to prescribe military personnel strengths for such fiscal year, and for 
other purposes; which was ordered to lie on the table; as follows:

       At the end of subtitle C of title XVI, add the following:

     SEC. ___. STUDY ON CYBEREXPLOITATION OF MEMBERS OF THE ARMED 
                   FORCES AND THEIR FAMILIES.

       (a) Study Required.--Not later than 150 days after the date 
     of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall 
     complete a study on the cyberexploitation of the personal 
     information and accounts of members of the Armed Forces and 
     their families.
       (b) Elements.--The study required by subsection (a) shall 
     include the following:
       (1) An assessment of the vulnerability of members of the 
     Armed Forces and their families to inappropriate access to 
     their personal information and accounts of such members and 
     their families, including identification of particularly 
     vulnerable subpopulations.
       (2) Creation of a catalogue of past and current efforts by 
     foreign governments and non-state actors at the 
     cyberexploitation of the personal information and accounts of 
     members of the Armed Forces and their families, including an 
     assessment of the purposes of such efforts and their degrees 
     of success.
       (3) An assessment of the actions taken by the Department of 
     Defense to educate members of the Armed Forces and their 
     families, including particularly vulnerable subpopulations, 
     about any actions that can be taken to otherwise reduce these 
     threats.
       (4) Assessment of the potential for the cyberexploitation 
     of misappropriated images and videos as well as deep fakes.
       (5) Development of recommendations for policy changes to 
     reduce the vulnerability of members of the Armed Forces and 
     their families to cyberexploitation, including 
     recommendations for legislative or administrative action.
       (c) Report.--
       (1) In general.--The Secretary shall submit to the 
     congressional defense committees a report on the findings of 
     the Secretary with respect to the study required by 
     subsection (a).
       (2) Form.--The report required by paragraph (1) shall be 
     submitted in unclassified form, but may include a classified 
     annex.
       (d) Definitions.--In this section:
       (1) The term ``cyberexploitation'' means the use of digital 
     means to knowingly access, or conspire to access, without 
     authorization, an individual's personal information to be 
     employed (or to be used for) with malicious intent.
       (2) The term ``deep fake'' means the digital insertion of a 
     person's likeness into or digital alteration of a person's 
     likeness in visual media, such as photographs and videos, 
     without the person's permission and with malicious intent.
                                 ______
                                 
  SA 762. Mr. SASSE submitted an amendment intended to be proposed by 
him to the bill S. 1790, to authorize appropriations for fiscal year 
2020 for military activities of the Department of Defense, for military 
construction, and for defense activities of the Department of Energy, 
to prescribe military personnel strengths for such fiscal year, and for 
other purposes; which was ordered to lie on the table; as follows:

       At the end of subtitle E of title XII, add the following:

     SEC. 1262. ASSESSMENT OF COLLABORATIVE INITIATIVES OF THE 
                   UNITED STATES AND THE PEOPLE'S REPUBLIC OF 
                   CHINA RELATING TO SCIENTIFIC AND TECHNICAL 
                   COOPERATION.

       (a) In General.--Not later than one year after the date of 
     the enactment of this Act, the Comptroller General of the 
     United States shall submit to Congress a report assessing 
     collaborative initiatives of the United States and the 
     People's Republic of China relating to scientific and 
     technical cooperation.
       (b) Elements.--The report required by subsection (a) shall 
     include the following:
       (1) A description of the nature of collaborative 
     initiatives described in subsection (a), including how such 
     initiatives are funded, who participates in such initiatives, 
     and the outcomes of such initiatives.
       (2) A description of the licensing and regulatory regime 
     under which such initiatives occur.
       (3) An assessment of whether the intellectual property 
     rights of United States researchers and entities 
     participating in such initiatives are being adequately 
     protected.
       (4) An assessment of whether entities owned or controlled 
     by the government or the military of the People's Republic of 
     China are benefitting from research funded by United States 
     taxpayers.
       (5) An assessment of whether any Chinese researchers 
     participating in such initiatives have ties to the government 
     or the military of the People's Republic of China.
       (6) An assessment of whether any institutions of higher 
     education, laboratories, or other entities in the United 
     States participating in such initiatives have been subject to 
     cyber penetration originating in the People's Republic of 
     China.
       (7) An evaluation the benefits of such initiatives for the 
     United States.
       (8) An assessment of any redundancies among such 
     initiatives.
       (9) Recommendations for improving such initiatives.
                                 ______
                                 
  SA 763. Mr. SASSE submitted an amendment intended to be proposed by 
him to the bill S. 1790, to authorize appropriations for fiscal year 
2020 for military activities of the Department of Defense, for military 
construction, and for defense activities of the Department of Energy, 
to prescribe military personnel strengths for such fiscal year, and for 
other purposes; which was ordered to lie on the table; as follows:

       At the end of section 1285, add the following:
       ``(9) Standards for appropriate information security and 
     counterintelligence protocols to apply to all Department of 
     Defense research and development funding provided to 
     institutions of higher education after the date of the 
     enactment of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
     Fiscal Year 2020.''.
                                 ______
                                 
  SA 764. Mr. INHOFE submitted an amendment intended to be proposed by 
him to the bill S. 1790, to authorize appropriations for fiscal year 
2020 for military activities of the Department of Defense, for military 
construction, and for defense activities of the Department of Energy, 
to prescribe military personnel strengths for such fiscal year, and for 
other purposes; which was ordered to lie on the table; as follows:

       Strike all after the enacting clause and insert the 
     following:

[[Page S3856]]

  


     SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE.

       This Act may be cited as the ``National Defense 
     Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2020''.

     SEC. 2. ORGANIZATION OF ACT INTO DIVISIONS; TABLE OF 
                   CONTENTS.

       (a) Divisions.--This Act is organized into seven divisions 
     as follows:
       (1) Division A--Department of Defense Authorizations.
       (2) Division B--Military Construction Authorizations.
       (3) Division C--Department of Energy National Security 
     Authorizations and Other Authorizations.
       (4) Division D--Funding Tables.
       (5) Division E--Additional Provisions.
       (6) Division F--Intelligence Authorizations for Fiscal Year 
     2020.
       (7) Division G--Intelligence Authorizations for Fiscal Year 
     2018 and 2019.
       (b) Table of Contents.--The table of contents for this Act 
     is as follows:

Sec. 1. Short title.
Sec. 2. Organization of Act into divisions; table of contents.
Sec. 3. Congressional defense committees.
Sec. 4. Budgetary effects of this Act.

            DIVISION A--DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE AUTHORIZATIONS

                          TITLE I--PROCUREMENT

              Subtitle A--Authorization of Appropriations

Sec. 101. Authorization of appropriations.

                       Subtitle B--Army Programs

Sec. 111. Sense of Senate on Army's approach to Capability Drops 1 and 
              2 of the Distributed Common Ground System-Army program.
Sec. 112. Authority of the Secretary of the Army to waive certain 
              limitations related to the Distributed Common Ground 
              System-Army Increment 1.

                       Subtitle C--Navy Programs

Sec. 121. Modification of prohibition on availability of funds for Navy 
              waterborne security barriers.
Sec. 122. Capabilities based assessment for naval vessels that carry 
              fixed-wing aircraft.
Sec. 123. Ford-class aircraft carrier cost limitation baselines.
Sec. 124. Design and construction of amphibious transport dock 
              designated LPD-31.
Sec. 125. LHA Replacement Amphibious Assault Ship Program.
Sec. 126. Limitation on availability of funds for the Littoral Combat 
              Ship.
Sec. 127. Limitation on the next new class of Navy large surface 
              combatants.
Sec. 128. Refueling and complex overhauls of the U.S.S. John C. Stennis 
              and U.S.S. Harry S. Truman.
Sec. 129. Report on carrier wing composition.

                     Subtitle D--Air Force Programs

Sec. 141. Requirement to align Air Force fighter force structure with 
              National Defense Strategy and reports.
Sec. 142. Requirement to establish the use of an Agile DevOps software 
              development solution as an alternative for Joint Strike 
              Fighter Autonomic Logistics Information System.
Sec. 143. Report on feasibility of multiyear contract for procurement 
              of JASSM-ER missiles.
Sec. 144. Air Force aggressor squadron modernization.
Sec. 145. Air Force plan for Combat Rescue Helicopter fielding.
Sec. 146. Military type certification for AT-6 and A-29 light attack 
              experimentation aircraft.

       Subtitle E--Defense-wide, Joint, and Multiservice Matters

Sec. 151. Limitation on availability of funds for communications 
              systems lacking certain resiliency features.
Sec. 152. F-35 sustainment cost.
Sec. 153. Economic order quantity contracting authority for F-35 Joint 
              Strike Fighter program.
Sec. 154. Repeal of tactical unmanned vehicle common data link 
              requirement.

         TITLE II--RESEARCH, DEVELOPMENT, TEST, AND EVALUATION

              Subtitle A--Authorization of Appropriations

Sec. 201. Authorization of appropriations.

    Subtitle B--Program Requirements, Restrictions, and Limitations

Sec. 211. Development and acquisition strategy to procure secure, low 
              probability of detection data link network capability.
Sec. 212. Establishment of secure next-generation wireless network (5G) 
              infrastructure for the Nevada Test and Training Range and 
              base infrastructure.
Sec. 213. Limitation and report on Indirect Fire Protection Capability 
              Increment 2 enduring capability.
Sec. 214. Electromagnetic spectrum sharing research and development 
              program.
Sec. 215. Sense of the Senate on the Advanced Battle Management System.
Sec. 216. Modification of proof of concept commercialization program.
Sec. 217. Modification of Defense quantum information science and 
              technology research and development program.
Sec. 218. Technology and National Security Fellowship.
Sec. 219. Direct Air Capture and Blue Carbon Removal Technology 
              Program.

                 Subtitle C--Reports and Other Matters

Sec. 231. National security emerging biotechnologies research and 
              development program.
Sec. 232. Cyber science and technology activities roadmap and reports.
Sec. 233. Requiring certain microelectronics products and services meet 
              trusted supply chain and operational security standards.
Sec. 234. Technical correction to Global Research Watch Program.
Sec. 235. Additional technology areas for expedited access to technical 
              talent.
Sec. 236. Sense of the Senate and periodic briefings on the security 
              and availability of fifth-generation (5G) wireless 
              network technology and production.
Sec. 237. Transfer of Combating Terrorism Technical Support Office.
Sec. 238. Briefing on cooperative defense technology programs and risks 
              of technology transfer to China or Russia.
Sec. 239. Modification of authority for prizes for advanced technology 
              achievements.
Sec. 240. Use of funds for Strategic Environmental Research Program, 
              Environmental Security Technical Certification Program, 
              and Operational Energy Capability Improvement.
Sec. 241. Funding for the Sea-Launched Cruise Missile-Nuclear analysis 
              of alternatives.
Sec. 242. Review and assessment pertaining to transition of Department 
              of Defense-originated dual-use technology.

                  TITLE III--OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE

              Subtitle A--Authorization of Appropriations

Sec. 301. Authorization of appropriations.

                   Subtitle B--Energy and Environment

Sec. 311. Use of operational energy cost savings of Department of 
              Defense.
Sec. 312. Use of proceeds from sales of electrical energy generated 
              from geothermal resources.
Sec. 313. Energy resilience programs and activities.
Sec. 314. Native American Indian lands environmental mitigation 
              program.
Sec. 315. Reimbursement of Environmental Protection Agency for certain 
              costs in connection with the Twin Cities Army Ammunition 
              Plant, Minnesota.
Sec. 316. Prohibition on use of perfluoroalkyl substances and 
              polyfluoroalkyl substances for land-based applications of 
              firefighting foam.
Sec. 317. Transfer authority for funding of study and assessment on 
              health implications of per- and polyfluoroalkyl 
              substances contamination in drinking water by Agency for 
              Toxic Substances and Disease Registry.
Sec. 318. Cooperative agreements with States to address contamination 
              by perfluoroalkyl and polyfluoroalkyl substances.
Sec. 319. Modification of Department of Defense environmental 
              restoration authorities to include Federal Government 
              facilities used by National Guard.
Sec. 320. Budgeting of Department of Defense relating to extreme 
              weather.
Sec. 321. Pilot program for availability of working-capital funds for 
              increased combat capability through energy optimization.
Sec. 322. Report on efforts to reduce high energy intensity at military 
              installations.
Sec. 323. Technical and grammatical corrections and repeal of obsolete 
              provisions relating to energy.

                 Subtitle C--Logistics and Sustainment

Sec. 331. Requirement for memoranda of understanding between the Air 
              Force and the Navy regarding depot maintenance.
Sec. 332. Modification to limitation on length of overseas forward 
              deployment of naval vessels.

                          Subtitle D--Reports

Sec. 341. Report on modernization of Joint Pacific Alaska Range 
              Complex.

                       Subtitle E--Other Matters

Sec. 351. Strategy to improve infrastructure of certain depots of the 
              Department of Defense.
Sec. 352. Limitation on use of funds regarding the basing of KC-46A 
              aircraft outside the continental United States.
Sec. 353. Prevention of encroachment on military training routes and 
              military operations areas.
Sec. 354. Expansion and enhancement of authorities on transfer and 
              adoption of military animals.

[[Page S3857]]

Sec. 355. Limitation on contracting relating to Defense Personal 
              Property Program.
Sec. 356. Prohibition on subjective upgrades by commanders of unit 
              ratings in monthly readiness reporting on military units.
Sec. 357. Extension of temporary installation reutilization authority 
              for arsenals, depots, and plants.
Sec. 358. Clarification of food ingredient requirements for food or 
              beverages provided by the Department of Defense.
Sec. 359. Technical correction to deadline for transition to Defense 
              Readiness Reporting System Strategic.

              TITLE IV--MILITARY PERSONNEL AUTHORIZATIONS

                       Subtitle A--Active Forces

Sec. 401. End strengths for active forces.

                       Subtitle B--Reserve Forces

Sec. 411. End strengths for Selected Reserve.
Sec. 412. End strengths for Reserves on active duty in support of the 
              reserves.
Sec. 413. End strengths for military technicians (dual status).
Sec. 414. Maximum number of reserve personnel authorized to be on 
              active duty for operational support.
Sec. 415. Authorized strengths for Marine Corps Reserves on active 
              duty.

              Subtitle C--Authorization of Appropriations

Sec. 421. Military personnel.

                   TITLE V--MILITARY PERSONNEL POLICY

                  Subtitle A--Officer Personnel Policy

Sec. 501. Repeal of codified specification of authorized strengths of 
              certain commissioned officers on active duty.
Sec. 502. Maker of original appointments in a regular or reserve 
              component of commissioned officers previously subject to 
              original appointment in other type of component.
Sec. 503. Furnishing of adverse information on officers to promotion 
              selection boards.
Sec. 504. Limitation on number of officers recommendable for promotion 
              by promotion selection boards.
Sec. 505. Expansion of authority for continuation on active duty of 
              officers in certain military specialties and career 
              tracks.
Sec. 506. Higher grade in retirement for officers following reopening 
              of determination or certification of retired grade.
Sec. 507. Availability on the Internet of certain information about 
              officers serving in general or flag officer grades.

                Subtitle B--Reserve Component Management

Sec. 511. Repeal of requirement for review of certain Army Reserve 
              officer unit vacancy promotions by commanders of 
              associated active duty units.

                Subtitle C--General Service Authorities

Sec. 515. Modification of authorities on management of deployments of 
              members of the Armed Forces and related unit operating 
              and personnel tempo matters.
Sec. 516. Repeal of requirement that parental leave be taken in one 
              increment.
Sec. 517. Digital engineering as a core competency of the Armed Forces.
Sec. 518. Modification of notification on manning of afloat naval 
              forces.
Sec. 519. Report on expansion of the Close Airman Support team approach 
              of the Air Force to the other Armed Forces.

            Subtitle D--Military Justice and Related Matters

PART I--Matters Relating to Investigation, Prosecution, and Defense of 
                        Sexual Assault Generally

Sec. 521. Department of Defense-wide policy and military department-
              specific programs on reinvigoration of the prevention of 
              sexual assault involving members of the Armed Forces.
Sec. 522. Enactment and expansion of policy on withholding of initial 
              disposition authority for certain offenses under the 
              Uniform Code of Military Justice.
Sec. 523. Training for Sexual Assault Initial Disposition Authorities 
              on exercise of disposition authority for sexual assault 
              and collateral offenses.
Sec. 524. Expansion of responsibilities of commanders for victims of 
              sexual assault committed by another member of the Armed 
              Forces.
Sec. 525. Training for commanders in the Armed Forces on their role in 
              all stages of military justice in connection with sexual 
              assault.
Sec. 526. Notice to victims of alleged sexual assault of pendency of 
              further administrative action following a determination 
              not to refer to trial by court-martial.
Sec. 527. Safe to report policy applicable across the Armed Forces.
Sec. 528. Report on expansion of Air Force safe to report policy across 
              the Armed Forces.
Sec. 529. Proposal for separate punitive article in the Uniform Code of 
              Military Justice on sexual harassment.
Sec. 530. Treatment of information in Catch a Serial Offender Program 
              for certain purposes.
Sec. 531. Report on preservation of recourse to restricted report on 
              sexual assault for victims of sexual assault following 
              certain victim or third-party communications.
Sec. 532. Authority for return of personal property to victims of 
              sexual assault who file a Restricted Report before 
              conclusion of related proceedings.
Sec. 533. Extension of Defense Advisory Committee on Investigation, 
              Prosecution, and Defense of Sexual Assault in the Armed 
              Forces.
Sec. 534. Defense Advisory Committee for the Prevention of Sexual 
              Misconduct.
Sec. 535. Independent reviews and assessments on race and ethnicity in 
              the investigation, prosecution, and defense of sexual 
              assault in the Armed Forces.
Sec. 536. Report on mechanisms to enhance the integration and 
              synchronization of activities of Special Victim 
              Investigation and Prosecution personnel with activities 
              of military criminal investigative organizations.
Sec. 537. Comptroller General of the United States report on 
              implementation by the Armed Forces of recent statutory 
              requirements on sexual assault prevention and response in 
              the military.

               PART II--Special Victims' Counsel Matters

Sec. 541. Legal assistance by Special Victims' Counsel for victims of 
              alleged domestic violence offenses.
Sec. 542. Other Special Victims' Counsel matters.
Sec. 543. Availability of Special Victims' Counsel at military 
              installations.
Sec. 544. Training for Special Victims' Counsel on civilian criminal 
              justice matters in the States of the military 
              installations to which assigned.

   PART III--Boards for Correction of Military Records and Discharge 
                          Review Board Matters

Sec. 546. Repeal of 15-year statute of limitations on motions or 
              requests for review of discharge or dismissal from the 
              Armed Forces.
Sec. 547. Reduction in required number of members of discharge review 
              boards.
Sec. 548. Enhancement of personnel on boards for the correction of 
              military records and discharge review boards.
Sec. 549. Inclusion of intimate partner violence and spousal abuse 
              among supporting rationales for certain claims for 
              corrections of military records and discharge review.
Sec. 550. Advice and counsel of trauma experts in review by boards for 
              correction of military records and discharge review 
              boards of certain claims.
Sec. 551. Training of members of boards for correction of military 
              records and discharge review boards on sexual trauma, 
              intimate partner violence, spousal abuse, and related 
              matters.
Sec. 552. Limitations and requirements in connection with separations 
              for members of the Armed Forces who suffer from mental 
              health conditions in connection with a sex-related, 
              intimate partner violence-related, or spousal-abuse 
              offense.
Sec. 553. Liberal consideration of evidence in certain claims by boards 
              for the correction of military records and discharge 
              review boards.

                PART IV--Other Military Justice Matters

Sec. 555. Expansion of pre-referral matters reviewable by military 
              judges and military magistrates in the interest of 
              efficiency in military justice.
Sec. 556. Policies and procedures on registration at military 
              installations of civilian protective orders applicable to 
              members of the Armed Forces assigned to such 
              installations and certain other individuals.
Sec. 557. Increase in number of digital forensic examiners for the 
              military criminal investigative organizations.

[[Page S3858]]

Sec. 558. Survey of members of the Armed Forces on their experiences 
              with military investigations and military justice.
Sec. 559. Public access to dockets, filings, and court records of 
              courts-martial or other records of trial of the military 
              justice system.
Sec. 560. Pilot programs on defense investigators in the military 
              justice system.
Sec. 561. Report on military justice system involving alternative 
              authority for determining whether to prefer or refer 
              changes for felony offenses under the Uniform Code of 
              Military Justice.
Sec. 562. Report on standardization among the military departments in 
              collection and presentation of information on matters 
              within the military justice system.
Sec. 563. Report on establishment of guardian ad litem program for 
              certain military dependents who are a victim or witness 
              of offenses under the Uniform Code of Military Justice 
              involving abuse or exploitation.

   Subtitle E--Member Education, Training, Transition, and Resilience

Sec. 566. Consecutive service of service obligation in connection with 
              payment of tuition for off-duty training or education for 
              commissioned officers of the Armed Forces with any other 
              service obligations.
Sec. 567. Authority for detail of certain enlisted members of the Armed 
              Forces as students at law schools.
Sec. 568. Connections of members retiring or separating from the Armed 
              Forces with community-based organizations and related 
              entities.

Subtitle F--Defense Dependents' Education and Military Family Readiness 
                                Matters

             PART I--Defense Dependents' Education Matters

Sec. 571. Continuation of authority to assist local educational 
              agencies that benefit dependents of members of the Armed 
              Forces and Department of Defense civilian employees.
Sec. 572. Impact aid for children with severe disabilities.
Sec. 573. Ri'katak Guest Student Program at United States Army 
              Garrison-Kwajalein Atoll.

               PART II--Military Family Readiness Matters

Sec. 576. Two-year extension of authority for reimbursement for State 
              licensure and certification costs of spouses of members 
              of the Armed Forces arising from relocation to another 
              State.
Sec. 577. Improvement of occupational license portability for military 
              spouses through interstate compacts.
Sec. 578. Modification of responsibility of the Office of Special Needs 
              for individualized service plans for members of military 
              families with special needs.
Sec. 579. Clarifying technical amendment on direct hire authority for 
              the Department of Defense for childcare services 
              providers for Department child development centers.
Sec. 580. Pilot program on information sharing between Department of 
              Defense and designated relatives and friends of members 
              of the Armed Forces regarding the experiences and 
              challenges of military service.
Sec. 581. Briefing on use of Family Advocacy Programs to address 
              domestic violence.

                   Subtitle G--Decorations and Awards

Sec. 585. Authorization for award of the Medal of Honor to John J. 
              Duffy for acts of valor in Vietnam.
Sec. 586. Standardization of honorable service requirement for award of 
              military decorations.
Sec. 587. Authority to award or present a decoration not previously 
              recommended in a timely fashion following a review 
              requested by Congress.
Sec. 588. Authority to make posthumous and honorary promotions and 
              appointments following a review requested by Congress.

                       Subtitle H--Other Matters

Sec. 591. Military funeral honors matters.
Sec. 592. Inclusion of homeschooled students in Junior Reserve 
              Officers' Training Corps units.
Sec. 593. Sense of Senate on the Junior Reserve Officers' Training 
              Corps.

          TITLE VI--COMPENSATION AND OTHER PERSONNEL BENEFITS

                     Subtitle A--Pay and Allowances

Sec. 601. Expansion of eligibility for exceptional transitional 
              compensation for dependents to dependents of current 
              members.

           Subtitle B--Bonuses and Special and Incentive Pays

Sec. 611. One-year extension of certain expiring bonus and special pay 
              authorities.

            Subtitle C--Travel and Transportation Allowances

Sec. 621. Extension of pilot program on a Government lodging program.
Sec. 622. Reinvestment of travel refunds by the Department of Defense.

     Subtitle D--Disability Pay, Retired Pay, and Survivor Benefits

Sec. 631. Contributions to Department of Defense Military Retirement 
              Fund based on pay costs per Armed Force rather than on 
              Armed Forces-wide basis.
Sec. 632. Modification of authorities on eligibility for and 
              replacement of gold star lapel buttons.

   Subtitle E--Commissary and Non-Appropriated Fund Instrumentality 
                        Benefits and Operations

Sec. 641. Defense resale system matters.
Sec. 642. Treatment of fees on services provided as supplemental funds 
              for commissary operations.
Sec. 643. Procurement by commissary stores of certain locally sourced 
              products.

                   TITLE VII--HEALTH CARE PROVISIONS

           Subtitle A--TRICARE and Other Health Care Benefits

Sec. 701. Contraception coverage parity under the TRICARE program.
Sec. 702. TRICARE payment options for retirees and their dependents.
Sec. 703. Lead level screening and testing for children.
Sec. 704. Provision of blood testing for firefighters of Department of 
              Defense to determine exposure to perfluoroalkyl and 
              polyfluoroalkyl substances.

                 Subtitle B--Health Care Administration

Sec. 711. Modification of organization of military health system.
Sec. 712. Support by military health system of medical requirements of 
              combatant commands.
Sec. 713. Tours of duty of commanders or directors of military 
              treatment facilities.
Sec. 714. Expansion of strategy to improve acquisition of managed care 
              support contracts under TRICARE program.
Sec. 715. Establishment of regional medical hubs to support combatant 
              commands.
Sec. 716. Monitoring of adverse event data on dietary supplement use by 
              members of the Armed Forces.
Sec. 717. Enhancement of recordkeeping with respect to exposure by 
              members of the Armed Forces to certain occupational and 
              environmental hazards while deployed overseas.

                 Subtitle C--Reports and Other Matters

Sec. 721. Extension and clarification of authority for Joint Department 
              of Defense-Department of Veterans Affairs Medical 
              Facility Demonstration Fund.
Sec. 722. Appointment of non-ex officio members of the Henry M. Jackson 
              Foundation for the Advancement of Military Medicine.
Sec. 723. Officers authorized to command Army dental units.
Sec. 724. Establishment of Academic Health System in National Capital 
              Region.
Sec. 725. Provision of veterinary services by veterinary professionals 
              of the Department of Defense in emergencies.
Sec. 726. Five-year extension of authority to continue the DOD-VA 
              Health Care Sharing Incentive Fund.
Sec. 727. Pilot Program on civilian and military partnerships to 
              enhance interoperability and medical surge capability and 
              capacity of National Disaster Medical System.
Sec. 728. Modification of requirements for longitudinal medical study 
              on blast pressure exposure of members of the Armed 
              Forces.

  TITLE VIII--ACQUISITION POLICY, ACQUISITION MANAGEMENT, AND RELATED 
                                MATTERS

           Subtitle A--Contracting and Acquisition Provisions

Sec. 801. Pilot program on intellectual property evaluation for 
              acquisition programs.
Sec. 802. Pilot program to use alpha contracting teams for complex 
              requirements.
Sec. 803. Modification of written approval requirement for task and 
              delivery order single contract awards.
Sec. 804. Extension of authority to acquire products and services 
              produced in countries along a major route of supply to 
              Afghanistan.
Sec. 805. Modification of Director of Operational Test and Evaluation 
              report.
Sec. 806. Department of Defense use of fixed-price contracts.

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Sec. 807. Pilot program to accelerate contracting and pricing 
              processes.
Sec. 808. Pilot program to streamline decision-making processes for 
              weapon systems.
Sec. 809. Documentation of market research related to commercial item 
              determinations.
Sec. 810. Modification to small purchase threshold exception to 
              sourcing requirements for certain articles.

 Subtitle B--Provisions Relating to Major Defense Acquisition Programs

Sec. 821. Naval vessel certification required before Milestone B 
              approval.

                  Subtitle C--Industrial Base Matters

Sec. 831. Modernization of acquisition processes to ensure integrity of 
              industrial base.
Sec. 832. Assessment of precision-guided missiles for reliance on 
              foreign-made microelectronic components.
Sec. 833. Mitigating risks related to foreign ownership, control, or 
              influence of Department of Defense contractors or 
              subcontractors.
Sec. 834. Extension and revisions to Never Contract With the Enemy.

                   Subtitle D--Small Business Matters

Sec. 841. Reauthorization and improvement of Department of Defense 
              Mentor-Protege Program.
Sec. 842. Modification of justification and approval requirement for 
              certain Department of Defense contracts.

     Subtitle E--Provisions Related to Software-Driven Capabilities

Sec. 851. Improved management of information technology and cyberspace 
              investments.
Sec. 852. Special pathways for rapid acquisition of software 
              applications and upgrades.

                       Subtitle F--Other Matters

Sec. 861. Notification of Navy procurement production disruptions.
Sec. 862. Modification to acquisition authority of the Commander of the 
              United States Cyber Command.
Sec. 863. Prohibition on operation or procurement of foreign-made 
              unmanned aircraft systems.
Sec. 864. Prohibition on contracting with persons that have business 
              operations with the Maduro regime.
Sec. 865. Comptroller General of the United States report on Department 
              of Defense efforts to combat human trafficking through 
              procurement practices.

      TITLE IX--DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE ORGANIZATION AND MANAGEMENT

   Subtitle A--Office of the Secretary of Defense and Related Matters

901. Headquarters activities of the Department of Defense matters.
902. Responsibility of Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and 
              Sustainment for Procurement Technical Assistance 
              Cooperative Agreement Program.
903. Return to Chief Information Officer of the Department of Defense 
              of responsibility for business systems and related 
              matters.
904. Senior Military Advisor for Cyber Policy and Deputy Principal 
              Cyber Advisor.
905. Limitation on transfer of Strategic Capabilities Office.

Subtitle B--Organization and Management of Other Department of Defense 
                          Offices and Elements

911. Assistant Secretaries of the military departments for Energy, 
              Installations, and Environment.
912. Repeal of conditional designation of Explosive Ordnance Disposal 
              Corps as a basic branch of the Army.

                       Subtitle C--Other Matters

921. Exclusion from limitations on personnel in the Office of the 
              Secretary of Defense and Department of Defense 
              headquarters of fellows appointed under the John S. 
              McCain Defense Fellows Program.
922. Report on resources to implement the civilian casualty policy of 
              the Department of Defense.

                      TITLE X--GENERAL PROVISIONS

                     Subtitle A--Financial Matters

Sec. 1001. General transfer authority.
Sec. 1002. Modification of required elements of annual reports on 
              emergency and extraordinary expenses of the Department of 
              Defense.
Sec. 1003. Inclusion of military construction projects in annual 
              reports on unfunded priorities of the Armed Forces and 
              the combatant commands.
Sec. 1004. Prohibition on delegation of responsibility for submittal to 
              Congress of Out-Year Unconstrained Total Munitions 
              Requirements and Out-Year Inventory numbers.
Sec. 1005. Element in annual reports on the Financial Improvement and 
              Audit Remediation Plan on activities with respect to 
              classified programs.
Sec. 1006. Modification of semiannual briefings on the consolidated 
              corrective action plan of the Department of Defense for 
              financial management information.
Sec. 1007. Update of authorities and renaming of Department of Defense 
              Acquisition Workforce Development Fund.

                   Subtitle B--Counterdrug Activities

Sec. 1011. Modification of authority to support a unified counterdrug 
              and counterterrorism campaign in Colombia.
Sec. 1012. Two-year extension of authority for joint task forces to 
              provide support to law enforcement agencies conducting 
              counter-terrorism activities.

                Subtitle C--Naval Vessels and Shipyards

Sec. 1016. Modification of authority to purchase vessels using funds in 
              National Defense Sealift Fund.
Sec. 1017. Senior Technical Authority for each naval vessel class.
Sec. 1018. Permanent authority for sustaining operational readiness of 
              Littoral Combat Ships on extended deployment.

                      Subtitle D--Counterterrorism

Sec. 1021. Extension of prohibition on use of funds for transfer or 
              release of individuals detained at United States Naval 
              Station, Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, to the United States.
Sec. 1022. Extension of prohibition on use of funds to construct or 
              modify facilities in the United States to house detainees 
              transferred from United States Naval Station, Guantanamo 
              Bay, Cuba.
Sec. 1023. Extension of prohibition on use of funds for transfer or 
              release of individuals detained at United States Naval 
              Station, Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, to certain countries.
Sec. 1024. Extension of prohibition on use of funds to close or 
              relinquish control of United States Naval Station, 
              Guantanamo Bay, Cuba.
Sec. 1025. Authority to transfer individuals detained at United States 
              Naval Station, Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, to the United States 
              temporarily for emergency or critical medical treatment.
Sec. 1026. Chief Medical Officer at United States Naval Station, 
              Guantanamo Bay, Cuba.

         Subtitle E--Miscellaneous Authorities and Limitations

Sec. 1031. Clarification of authority of military commissions under 
              chapter 47A of title 10, United States Code, to punish 
              contempt.
Sec. 1032. Comprehensive Department of Defense policy on collective 
              self-defense.
Sec. 1033. Oversight of Department of Defense execute orders.
Sec. 1034. Prohibition on ownership or trading of stocks in certain 
              companies by Department of Defense officers and 
              employees.
Sec. 1035. Policy regarding the transition of data and applications to 
              the cloud.
Sec. 1036. Modernization of inspection authorities applicable to the 
              National Guard and extension of inspection authority to 
              the Chief of the National Guard Bureau.
Sec. 1037. Enhancement of authorities on forfeiture of Federal benefits 
              by the National Guard.
Sec. 1038. Modernization of authorities on property and fiscal officers 
              of the National Guard.
Sec. 1039. Limitation on placement by the Under Secretary of Defense 
              for Personnel and Readiness of work with federally funded 
              research and development centers.
Sec. 1040. Termination of requirement for Department of Defense 
              facility access clearances for joint ventures composed of 
              previously-cleared entities.
Sec. 1041. Designation of Department of Defense Strategic Arctic Ports.
Sec. 1042. Extension of National Security Commission on Artificial 
              Intelligence.
Sec. 1043. Authority to transfer funds for Bien Hoa dioxin cleanup.
Sec. 1044. Limitation on use of funds to house children separated from 
              parents.

                    Subtitle F--Studies and Reports

Sec. 1051. Modification of annual reporting requirements on defense 
              manpower.
Sec. 1052. Report on Department of Defense efforts to implement a force 
              planning process in support of implementation of the 2018 
              National Defense Strategy.
Sec. 1053. Extension of annual reports on civilian casualties in 
              connection with United States military operations.
Sec. 1054. Report on joint force plan for implementation of strategies 
              of the Department of Defense for the Arctic.

[[Page S3860]]

Sec. 1055. Report on use of Northern Tier bases in implementation of 
              Arctic strategy of the United States.
Sec. 1056. Report on the Department of Defense plan for mass-casualty 
              disaster response operations in the Arctic.
Sec. 1057. Annual reports on approval of employment or compensation of 
              retired general or flag officers by foreign governments 
              for Emoluments Clause purposes.
Sec. 1058. Transmittal to Congress of requests for assistance received 
              by the Department of Defense from other departments.
Sec. 1059. Semiannual report on Consolidated Adjudication Facility of 
              the Defense Counterintelligence and Security Agency.
Sec. 1060 Comptroller General of the United States report on post-
              government employment of former Department of Defense 
              officials.

Subtitle G--Treatment of Contaminated Water Near Military Installations

Sec. 1071. Short title.
Sec. 1072. Definitions.
Sec. 1073. Provision of water uncontaminated with perfluorooctanoic 
              acid (PFOA) and perfluorooctane sulfonate (PFOS) for 
              agricultural purposes.
Sec. 1074. Acquisition of real property by Air Force.
Sec. 1075. Remediation plan.

                       Subtitle H--Other Matters

Sec. 1081. Revision to authorities relating to mail service for members 
              of the Armed Forces and Department of Defense civilians 
              overseas.
Sec. 1082. Access to and use of military post offices by United States 
              citizens employed overseas by the North Atlantic Treaty 
              Organization who perform functions in support of military 
              operations of the Armed Forces.
Sec. 1083. Guarantee of residency for spouses of members of uniformed 
              services.
Sec. 1084. Extension of requirement for briefings on the national 
              biodefense strategy.
Sec. 1085. Extension of National Commission on Military Aviation 
              Safety.

                  TITLE XI--CIVILIAN PERSONNEL MATTERS

Sec. 1101. Modification of temporary assignments of Department of 
              Defense employees to a private-sector organization.
Sec. 1102. Modification of number of available appointments for certain 
              agencies under personnel management authority to attract 
              experts in science and engineering.
Sec. 1103. One-year extension of temporary authority to grant 
              allowances, benefits, and gratuities to civilian 
              personnel on official duty in a combat zone.
Sec. 1104. One-year extension of authority to waive annual limitation 
              on premium pay and aggregate limitation on pay for 
              Federal civilian employees working overseas.
Sec. 1105. Reimbursement of Federal employees for Federal, State, and 
              local income taxes incurred during travel, 
              transportation, and relocation.

             TITLE XII--MATTERS RELATING TO FOREIGN NATIONS

                  Subtitle A--Assistance and Training

Sec. 1201. Extension of support of special operations for irregular 
              warfare.
Sec. 1202. Extension of authority for cross servicing agreements for 
              loan of personnel protection and personnel survivability 
              equipment in coalition operations.
Sec. 1203. Two-year extension of program authority for Global Security 
              Contingency Fund.
Sec. 1204. Modification of reporting requirement for use of funds for 
              security cooperation programs and activities.
Sec. 1205. Institutional legal capacity building initiative for foreign 
              defense forces.
Sec. 1206. Department of Defense support for stabilization activities 
              in national security interest of the United States.

        Subtitle B--Matters Relating to Afghanistan and Pakistan

Sec. 1211. Extension of authority to transfer defense articles and 
              provide defense services to the military and security 
              forces of Afghanistan.
Sec. 1212. Afghanistan Security Forces Fund.
Sec. 1213. Extension of Commanders' Emergency Response Program.
Sec. 1214. Extension and modification of reimbursement of certain 
              coalition nations for support provided to United States 
              military operations.
Sec. 1215. Support for reconciliation activities led by the Government 
              of Afghanistan.
Sec. 1216. Sense of Senate on special immigrant visa program for Afghan 
              allies.

         Subtitle C--Matters Relating to Syria, Iraq, and Iran

Sec. 1221. Modification of authority to provide assistance to vetted 
              Syrian groups.
Sec. 1222. Extension of authority and limitation on use of funds to 
              provide assistance to counter the Islamic State of Iraq 
              and Syria.
Sec. 1223. Extension and modification of authority to support 
              operations and activities of the Office of Security 
              Cooperation in Iraq.
Sec. 1224. Coordinator of United States Government activities and 
              matters in connection with detainees who are members of 
              the Islamic State of Iraq and Syria.
Sec. 1225. Report on lessons learned from efforts to liberate Mosul and 
              Raqqah from control of the Islamic State of Iraq and 
              Syria.

   Subtitle D--Matters Relating to Europe and the Russian Federation

Sec. 1231. Prohibition on availability of funds relating to sovereignty 
              of the Russian Federation over Crimea.
Sec. 1232. Prohibition on use of funds for withdrawal of Armed Forces 
              from Europe in the event of United States withdrawal from 
              the North Atlantic Treaty.
Sec. 1233. Extension of limitation on military cooperation between the 
              United States and the Russian Federation.
Sec. 1234. Modification and extension of Ukraine Security Assistance 
              Initiative.
Sec. 1235. Extension of authority for training for Eastern European 
              national security forces in the course of multilateral 
              exercises.
Sec. 1236. Limitation on transfer of F-35 aircraft to the Republic of 
              Turkey.
Sec. 1237. Modifications of briefing, notification, and reporting 
              requirements relating to non-compliance by the Russian 
              Federation with its obligations under the INF Treaty.
Sec. 1238. Extension and modification of security assistance for Baltic 
              nations for joint program for interoperability and 
              deterrence against aggression.
Sec. 1239. Report on North Atlantic Treaty Organization Readiness 
              Initiative.
Sec. 1240. Reports on contributions to the North Atlantic Treaty 
              Organization.
Sec. 1241. Future years plans for European Deterrence Initiative.
Sec. 1242. Modification of reporting requirements relating to the Open 
              Skies Treaty.
Sec. 1243. Report on nuclear weapons of the Russian Federation and 
              nuclear modernization of the People's Republic of China.
Sec. 1244. Sense of Senate on the 70th anniversary of the North 
              Atlantic Treaty Organization.
Sec. 1245. Sense of Senate on United States force posture in Europe and 
              the Republic of Poland.
Sec. 1246. Sense of Senate on United States partnership with the 
              Republic of Georgia.

        Subtitle E--Matters Relating to the Indo-Pacific Region

Sec. 1251. Limitation on use of funds to reduce the total number of 
              members of the Armed Forces in the territory of the 
              Republic of Korea.
Sec. 1252. Expansion of Indo-Pacific Maritime Security Initiative.
Sec. 1253. Modification of annual report on military and security 
              developments involving the People's Republic of China.
Sec. 1254. Report on resourcing United States defense requirements for 
              the Indo-Pacific region.
Sec. 1255. Report on distributed lay-down of United States forces in 
              the Indo-Pacific region.
Sec. 1256. Sense of Senate on the United States-Japan alliance and 
              defense cooperation.
Sec. 1257. Sense of Senate on enhancement of the United States-Taiwan 
              defense relationship.
Sec. 1258. Sense of Senate on United States-India defense relationship.
Sec. 1259. Sense of Senate on security commitments to the Governments 
              of Japan and the Republic of Korea and trilateral 
              cooperation among the United States, Japan, and the 
              Republic of Korea.
Sec. 1260. Sense of Senate on enhanced cooperation with Pacific Island 
              countries to establish open-source intelligence fusion 
              centers in the Indo-Pacific region.
Sec. 1261. Sense of Senate on enhancing defense and security 
              cooperation with the Republic of Singapore.

                          Subtitle F--Reports

Sec. 1271. Report on cost imposition strategy.

[[Page S3861]]

                       Subtitle G--Other Matters

Sec. 1281. NATO Special Operations Headquarters.
Sec. 1282. Modifications of authorities relating to acquisition and 
              cross-servicing agreements.
Sec. 1283. Modification of authority for United States-Israel anti-
              tunnel cooperation activities.
Sec. 1284. United States-Israel cooperation to counter unmanned aerial 
              systems.
Sec. 1285. Modification of initiative to support protection of national 
              security academic researchers from undue influence and 
              other security threats.
Sec. 1286. Independent assessment of human rights situation in 
              Honduras.
Sec. 1287. United States Central Command posture review.
Sec. 1288. Reports on expenses incurred for in-flight refueling of 
              Saudi coalition aircraft conducting missions relating to 
              civil war in Yemen.
Sec. 1289. Sense of Senate on security concerns with respect to leasing 
              arrangements for the Port of Haifa in Israel.

                TITLE XIII--COOPERATIVE THREAT REDUCTION

Sec. 1301. Funding allocations for Department of Defense Cooperative 
              Threat Reduction Program.

                    TITLE XIV--OTHER AUTHORIZATIONS

                     Subtitle A--Military Programs

Sec. 1401. Working capital funds.
Sec. 1402. Chemical Agents and Munitions Destruction, Defense.
Sec. 1403. Drug Interdiction and Counter-Drug Activities, Defense-wide.
Sec. 1404. Defense Inspector General.
Sec. 1405. Defense Health Program.

                 Subtitle B--National Defense Stockpile

Sec. 1411. Modification of prohibition on acquisition of sensitive 
              materials from non-allied foreign nations.

                Subtitle C--Armed Forces Retirement Home

Sec. 1421. Authorization of appropriations for Armed Forces Retirement 
              Home.
Sec. 1422. Expansion of eligibility for residence at the Armed Forces 
              Retirement Home.

                       Subtitle D--Other Matters

Sec. 1431. Authority for transfer of funds to joint Department of 
              Defense-Department of Veterans Affairs Medical Facility 
              Demonstration Fund for Captain James A. Lovell Health 
              Care Center, Illinois.

   TITLE XV--AUTHORIZATION OF ADDITIONAL APPROPRIATIONS FOR OVERSEAS 
                         CONTINGENCY OPERATIONS

         Subtitle A--Authorization of Additional Appropriations

Sec. 1501. Purpose.
Sec. 1502. Overseas contingency operations.
Sec. 1503. Procurement.
Sec. 1504. Research, development, test, and evaluation.
Sec. 1505. Operation and maintenance.
Sec. 1506. Military personnel.
Sec. 1507. Working capital funds.
Sec. 1508. Drug Interdiction and Counter-Drug Activities, Defense-wide.
Sec. 1509. Defense Inspector General.
Sec. 1510. Defense Health Program.

                     Subtitle B--Financial Matters

Sec. 1521. Treatment as additional authorizations.
Sec. 1522. Special transfer authority.

     TITLE XVI--STRATEGIC PROGRAMS, CYBER, AND INTELLIGENCE MATTERS

                      Subtitle A--Space Activities

                   PART I--United States Space Force

Sec. 1601. Assistant Secretary of Defense for Space Policy.
Sec. 1602. Principal Assistant to the Secretary of the Air Force for 
              Space Acquisition and Integration.
Sec. 1603. Military space forces within the Air Force.
Sec. 1604. Redesignation of Air Force Space Command as United States 
              Space Force.
Sec. 1605. Assignment of personnel to the National Reconnaissance 
              Office for mission needs.
Sec. 1606. Report on establishment of position of Under Secretary of 
              the Air Force for Space.
Sec. 1607. Report on enhanced integration of capabilities of the 
              National Security Agency, the National Geospatial-
              Intelligence Agency, and the United States Space Command 
              for joint operations.
Sec. 1608. Limitation on availability of funds.

                      PART II--Other Space Matters

Sec. 1611. Repeal of requirement to establish Space Command as a 
              subordinate unified command of the United States 
              Strategic Command.
Sec. 1612. Program to enhance and improve launch support and 
              infrastructure.
Sec. 1613. Modification of enhancement of positioning, navigation, and 
              timing capacity.
Sec. 1614. Modification of term of Commander of Air Force Space 
              Command.
Sec. 1615. Annual report on Space Command and Control program.
Sec. 1616. Requirements for phase 2 of acquisition strategy for 
              National Security Space Launch program.

  Subtitle B--Defense Intelligence and Intelligence-related Activities

Sec. 1621. Redesignation of Under Secretary of Defense for Intelligence 
              as Under Secretary of Defense for Intelligence and 
              Security.
Sec. 1622. Repeal of certain requirements relating to integration of 
              Department of Defense intelligence, surveillance, and 
              reconnaissance capabilities.
Sec. 1623. Improving the onboarding methodology for certain 
              intelligence personnel.
Sec. 1624. Defense Counterintelligence and Security Agency activities 
              on facilitating access to local criminal records 
              historical data.

                 Subtitle C--Cyberspace-related Matters

Sec. 1631. Reorientation of Big Data Platform program.
Sec. 1632. Zero-based review of Department of Defense cyber and 
              information technology personnel.
Sec. 1633. Study on improving cyber career paths in the Navy.
Sec. 1634. Framework to enhance cybersecurity of the United States 
              defense industrial base.
Sec. 1635. Role of Chief Information Officer in improving enterprise-
              wide cybersecurity.
Sec. 1636. Quarterly assessments of the readiness of cyber forces.
Sec. 1637. Control and analysis of Department of Defense data stolen 
              through cyberspace.
Sec. 1638. Accreditation standards and processes for cybersecurity and 
              information technology products and services.
Sec. 1639. Extension of authorities for Cyberspace Solarium Commission.
Sec. 1640. Modification of elements of assessment required for 
              termination of dual-hat arrangement for Commander of the 
              United States Cyber Command.
Sec. 1641. Use of National Security Agency cybersecurity expertise to 
              support acquisition of commercial cybersecurity products.
Sec. 1642. Study on future cyber warfighting capabilities of Department 
              of Defense.
Sec. 1643. Authority to use operation and maintenance funds for cyber 
              operations-peculiar capability development projects.
Sec. 1644. Expansion of authority for access and information relating 
              to cyberattacks on Department of Defense operationally 
              critical contractors.
Sec. 1645. Briefing on memorandum of understanding relating to joint 
              operational planning and control of cyber attacks of 
              national scale.
Sec. 1646. Study to determine the optimal strategy for structuring and 
              manning elements of the Joint Force Headquarters-Cyber 
              organizations, Joint Mission Operations Centers, and 
              Cyber Operations-Integrated Planning Elements.
Sec. 1647. Cyber governance structures and Principal Cyber Advisors on 
              military cyber force matters.
Sec. 1648. Designation of test networks for testing and accreditation 
              of cybersecurity products and services.
Sec. 1649. Consortia of universities to advise Secretary of Defense on 
              cybersecurity matters.

                       Subtitle D--Nuclear Forces

Sec. 1661. Modification of authorities relating to nuclear command, 
              control, and communications system.
Sec. 1662. Expansion of officials required to conduct biennial 
              assessments of delivery platforms for nuclear weapons and 
              nuclear command and control system.
Sec. 1663. Conforming amendment to Council on Oversight of the National 
              Leadership Command, Control, and Communications System.
Sec. 1664. Prohibition on reduction of the intercontinental ballistic 
              missiles of the United States.
Sec. 1665. Briefing on long-range standoff weapon and sea-launched 
              cruise missile.
Sec. 1666. Sense of the Senate on industrial base for Ground-Based 
              Strategic Deterrent program.
Sec. 1667. Sense of the Senate on nuclear deterrence commitments of the 
              United States.

                  Subtitle E--Missile Defense Programs

Sec. 1671. Iron Dome short-range rocket defense system and Israeli 
              cooperative missile defense program co-development and 
              co-production.
Sec. 1672. Expansion of national missile defense policy and program 
              redesignation.

[[Page S3862]]

Sec. 1673. Acceleration of the deployment of persistent space-based 
              sensor architecture.
Sec. 1674. Nonstandard acquisition processes of Missile Defense Agency.
Sec. 1675. Plan for the Redesigned Kill Vehicle.
Sec. 1676. Report on improving ground-based midcourse defense element 
              of ballistic missile defense system.
Sec. 1677. Sense of the Senate on recent Missile Defense Agency tests.
Sec. 1678. Sense of the Senate on missile defense technology 
              development priorities.
Sec. 1679. Publication of environmental impact statement prepared for 
              certain potential future missile defense sites.

                       Subtitle F--Other Matters

Sec. 1681. Matters relating to military operations in the information 
              environment.
Sec. 1682. Extension of authorization for protection of certain 
              facilities and assets from unmanned aircraft.
Sec. 1683. Hard and deeply buried targets.

            DIVISION B--MILITARY CONSTRUCTION AUTHORIZATIONS

Sec. 2001. Short title.
Sec. 2002. Expiration of authorizations and amounts required to be 
              specified by law.
Sec. 2003. Effective date.

                 TITLE XXI--ARMY MILITARY CONSTRUCTION

Sec. 2101. Authorized Army construction and land acquisition projects.
Sec. 2102. Family housing.
Sec. 2103. Authorization of appropriations, Army.
Sec. 2104. Modification of authority to carry out certain fiscal year 
              2019 project.

                 TITLE XXII--NAVY MILITARY CONSTRUCTION

Sec. 2201. Authorized Navy construction and land acquisition projects.
Sec. 2202. Family housing.
Sec. 2203. Improvements to military family housing units.
Sec. 2204. Authorization of appropriations, Navy.

              TITLE XXIII--AIR FORCE MILITARY CONSTRUCTION

Sec. 2301. Authorized Air Force construction and land acquisition 
              projects.
Sec. 2302. Family housing.
Sec. 2303. Improvements to military family housing units.
Sec. 2304. Authorization of appropriations, Air Force.
Sec. 2305. Modification of authority to carry out certain fiscal year 
              2015 project.
Sec. 2306. Modification of authority to carry out certain fiscal year 
              2016 project.
Sec. 2307. Modification of authority to carry out certain fiscal year 
              2017 project.
Sec. 2308. Additional authority to carry out certain fiscal year 2018 
              projects.
Sec. 2309. Modification of authority to carry out certain fiscal year 
              2019 projects.

           TITLE XXIV--DEFENSE AGENCIES MILITARY CONSTRUCTION

Sec. 2401. Authorized Defense Agencies construction and land 
              acquisition projects.
Sec. 2402. Authorized Energy Resilience and Conservation Investment 
              Program projects.
Sec. 2403. Authorization of appropriations, Defense Agencies.

                   TITLE XXV--INTERNATIONAL PROGRAMS

  Subtitle A--North Atlantic Treaty Organization Security Investment 
                                Program

Sec. 2501. Authorized NATO construction and land acquisition projects.
Sec. 2502. Authorization of appropriations, NATO.

             Subtitle B--Host Country In-Kind Contributions

Sec. 2511. Republic of Korea funded construction projects.

            TITLE XXVI--GUARD AND RESERVE FORCES FACILITIES

Sec. 2601. Authorized Army National Guard construction and land 
              acquisition projects.
Sec. 2602. Authorized Army Reserve construction and land acquisition 
              projects.
Sec. 2603. Authorized Navy Reserve and Marine Corps Reserve 
              construction and land acquisition projects.
Sec. 2604. Authorized Air National Guard construction and land 
              acquisition projects.
Sec. 2605. Authorized Air Force Reserve construction and land 
              acquisition projects.
Sec. 2606. Authorization of appropriations, National Guard and Reserve.

          TITLE XXVII--BASE REALIGNMENT AND CLOSURE ACTIVITIES

Sec. 2701. Authorization of appropriations for base realignment and 
              closure activities funded through Department of Defense 
              Base Closure Account.
Sec. 2702. Prohibition on conducting additional base realignment and 
              closure (BRAC) round.

         TITLE XXVIII--MILITARY CONSTRUCTION GENERAL PROVISIONS

               Subtitle A--Military Construction Program

Sec. 2801. Military installation resilience plans and projects of 
              Department of Defense.
Sec. 2802. Prohibition on use of funds to reduce air base resiliency or 
              demolish protected aircraft shelters in the European 
              theater without creating a similar protection from 
              attack.
Sec. 2803. Prohibition on use of funds to close or return to the host 
              nation any existing air base.
Sec. 2804. Increased authority for certain unspecified minor military 
              construction projects.
Sec. 2805. Technical corrections and improvements to installation 
              resilience.

                      Subtitle B--Land Conveyances

Sec. 2811. Release of interests retained in Camp Joseph T. Robinson, 
              Arkansas, for use of such land as a veterans cemetery.
Sec. 2812. Transfer of administrative jurisdiction over certain parcels 
              of Federal land in Arlington, Virginia.
Sec. 2813. Modification of requirements relating to land acquisition in 
              Arlington County, Virginia.
Sec. 2814. White Sands Missile Range Land Enhancements.

                       Subtitle C--Other Matters

Sec. 2821. Equal treatment of insured depository institutions and 
              credit unions operating on military installations.
Sec. 2822. Expansion of temporary authority for acceptance and use of 
              contributions for certain construction, maintenance, and 
              repair projects mutually beneficial to the Department of 
              Defense and Kuwait military forces.
Sec. 2823. Designation of Sumpter Smith Joint National Guard Base.
Sec. 2824. Prohibition on use of funds to privatize temporary lodging 
              on installations of Department of Defense.
Sec. 2825. Pilot program to extend service life of roads and runways 
              under the jurisdiction of the Secretaries of the military 
              departments.

   TITLE XXIX--OVERSEAS CONTINGENCY OPERATIONS MILITARY CONSTRUCTION

Sec. 2901. Authorized Army construction and land acquisition projects.
Sec. 2902. Authorized Navy construction and land acquisition projects.
Sec. 2903. Authorized Air Force construction and land acquisition 
              projects.
Sec. 2904. Authorized Defense Agencies construction and land 
              acquisition projects.
Sec. 2905. Disaster recovery projects.
Sec. 2906. Replenishment of certain military constructions funds.
Sec. 2907. Authorization of appropriations.

            TITLE XXX--MILITARY HOUSING PRIVATIZATION REFORM

Sec. 3001. Definitions.

                Subtitle A--Accountability and Oversight

Sec. 3011. Tenant bill of rights for privatized military housing.
Sec. 3012. Designation of Chief Housing Officer for privatized military 
              housing.
Sec. 3013. Command oversight of military privatized housing as element 
              of performance evaluations.
Sec. 3014. Consideration of history of landlord in contract renewal 
              process for privatized military housing.
Sec. 3015. Treatment of breach of contract for privatized military 
              housing.
Sec. 3016. Uniform code of basic standards for privatized military 
              housing and plan to conduct inspections and assessments.
Sec. 3017. Repeal of supplemental payments to lessors and requirement 
              for use of funds in connection with the Military Housing 
              Privatization Initiative.
Sec. 3018. Standard for common credentials for health and environmental 
              inspectors of privatized military housing.
Sec. 3019. Improvement of privatized military housing.
Sec. 3020. Access to maintenance work order system of landlords of 
              privatized military housing.
Sec. 3021. Access by tenants of privatized military housing to work 
              order system of landlord.

                   Subtitle B--Prioritizing Families

Sec. 3031. Dispute resolution process for landlord-tenant disputes 
              regarding privatized military housing and requests to 
              withhold payments.
Sec. 3032. Suspension of Resident Energy Conservation Program.
Sec. 3033. Access by tenants to historical maintenance information for 
              privatized military housing.
Sec. 3034. Prohibition on use of call centers outside the United States 
              for maintenance calls by tenants of privatized military 
              housing.

[[Page S3863]]

Sec. 3035. Radon testing for privatized military housing.
Sec. 3036. Expansion of windows covered by requirement to use window 
              fall prevention devices in privatized military housing.
Sec. 3037. Requirements relating to move out and maintenance with 
              respect to privatized military housing.

                Subtitle C--Long-Term Quality Assurance

Sec. 3041. Development of standardized documentation, templates, and 
              forms for privatized military housing.
Sec. 3042. Council on privatized military housing.
Sec. 3043. Requirements relating to management of privatized military 
              housing.
Sec. 3044. Requirements relating to contracts for privatized military 
              housing.
Sec. 3045. Withholding of incentive fees for landlords of privatized 
              military housing for failure to remedy a health or 
              environmental hazard.
Sec. 3046. Expansion of direct hire authority for Department of Defense 
              for childcare services providers for Department child 
              development centers to include direct hire authority for 
              installation military housing office personnel.
Sec. 3047. Plan on establishment of Department of Defense jurisdiction 
              over off-base privatized military housing.

                   Subtitle D--Other Housing Matters

Sec. 3051. Lead-based paint testing and reporting.
Sec. 3052. Satisfaction survey for tenants of military housing.
Sec. 3053. Information on legal services provided to members of the 
              Armed Forces harmed by health or environmental hazards at 
              military housing.
Sec. 3054. Mitigation of risks posed by certain items in military 
              family housing units.
Sec. 3055. Technical correction to certain payments for lessors of 
              privatized military housing.
Sec. 3056. Pilot program to build and monitor use of single family 
              homes.

 DIVISION C--DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY NATIONAL SECURITY AUTHORIZATIONS AND 
                          OTHER AUTHORIZATIONS

      TITLE XXXI--DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY NATIONAL SECURITY PROGRAMS

       Subtitle A--National Security Programs and Authorizations

Sec. 3101. National Nuclear Security Administration.
Sec. 3102. Defense environmental cleanup.
Sec. 3103. Other defense activities.
Sec. 3104. Nuclear energy.

   Subtitle B--Program Authorizations, Restrictions, and Limitations

Sec. 3111. Technical corrections to National Nuclear Security 
              Administration Act and Atomic Energy Defense Act.
Sec. 3112. National Nuclear Security Administration Personnel System.
Sec. 3113. Contracting, program management, scientific, engineering, 
              and technical positions at National Nuclear Security 
              Administration.
Sec. 3114. Prohibition on use of laboratory-directed research and 
              development funds for general and administrative overhead 
              costs.
Sec. 3115. Prohibition on use of funds for advanced naval nuclear fuel 
              system based on low-enriched uranium.

                     Subtitle C--Plans and Reports

Sec. 3121. Estimation of costs of meeting defense environmental cleanup 
              milestones required by consent orders.
Sec. 3122. Extension of suspension of certain assessments relating to 
              nuclear weapons stockpile.
Sec. 3123. Repeal of requirement for review relating to enhanced 
              procurement authority.
Sec. 3124. Determination of effect of treaty obligations with respect 
              to producing tritium.
Sec. 3125. Assessment of high energy density physics.

          TITLE XXXII--DEFENSE NUCLEAR FACILITIES SAFETY BOARD

Sec. 3201. Authorization.
Sec. 3202. Improvement of management and organization of Defense 
              Nuclear Facilities Safety Board.
Sec. 3203. Membership of Defense Nuclear Facilities Safety Board.

                  TITLE XXXV--MARITIME ADMINISTRATION

Sec. 3501. Maritime Administration.

                       DIVISION D--FUNDING TABLES

Sec. 4001. Authorization of amounts in funding tables.

                         TITLE XLI--PROCUREMENT

Sec. 4101. Procurement.
Sec. 4102. Procurement for overseas contingency operations.

        TITLE XLII--RESEARCH, DEVELOPMENT, TEST, AND EVALUATION

Sec. 4201. Research, development, test, and evaluation.
Sec. 4202. Research, development, test, and evaluation for overseas 
              contingency operations.

                 TITLE XLIII--OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE

Sec. 4301. Operation and maintenance.
Sec. 4302. Operation and maintenance for overseas contingency 
              operations.

                     TITLE XLIV--MILITARY PERSONNEL

Sec. 4401. Military personnel.
Sec. 4402. Military personnel for overseas contingency operations.

                    TITLE XLV--OTHER AUTHORIZATIONS

Sec. 4501. Other authorizations.
Sec. 4502. Other authorizations for overseas contingency operations.

                   TITLE XLVI--MILITARY CONSTRUCTION

Sec. 4601. Military construction.
Sec. 4602. Military construction for overseas contingency operations.

      TITLE XLVII--DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY NATIONAL SECURITY PROGRAMS

Sec. 4701. Department of Energy national security programs.

                   DIVISION E--ADDITIONAL PROVISIONS

                         TITLE LI--PROCUREMENT

Sec. 5101. Briefing on plans to increase readiness of B-1 bomber 
              aircraft.
Sec. 5126. Limitation on availability of funds for the Littoral Combat 
              Ship.
Sec. 5151. Limitation on availability of funds for communications 
              systems lacking certain resiliency features.

         TITLE LII--RESEARCH, DEVELOPMENT, TEST, AND EVALUATION

Sec. 5201. Energetics plan.
Sec. 5202. Amendments to research project transaction authorities to 
              eliminate cost-sharing requirements and reduce burdens on 
              use.
Sec. 5203. Comparative capabilities of adversaries in artificial 
              intelligence.
Sec. 5204. Additional amounts for research, development, test, and 
              evaluation.
Sec. 5205. Briefing on explainable artificial intelligence.
Sec. 5206. Administration of centers for manufacturing innovation 
              funded by the Department of Defense.
Sec. 5207. Commercial edge computing technologies and best practices 
              for Department of Defense warfighting systems.
Sec. 5211. Development and acquisition strategy to procure secure, low 
              probability of detection data link network capability.
Sec. 5213. Limitation and report on Indirect Fire Protection Capability 
              Increment 2 enduring capability.

                 TITLE LIII--OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE

Sec. 5301. Life cycle sustainment budget exhibit for major weapon 
              systems of the Department of Defense.
Sec. 5302. Sense of Senate on prioritizing survivable logistics for the 
              Department of Defense.
Sec. 5303. Plan on sustainment of Rough Terrain Container Handler 
              fleets.
Sec. 5304. Requirement to include foreign language proficiency in 
              readiness reporting systems of Department of Defense.
Sec. 5305. Monitoring of noise from flights and training of EA-18G 
              Growlers associated with Naval Air Station Whidbey 
              Island.
Sec. 5306. Sense of Congress on restoration of Tyndall Air Force Base.
Sec. 5318. Cooperative agreements with States to address contamination 
              by perfluoralkyl and polyflruoroalkyl substances.
Sec. 5352. Limitation on use of funds regarding the basing of KC-46A 
              aircraft outside the continental United States.

              TITLE LIV--MILITARY PERSONNEL AUTHORIZATIONS

Sec. 5401. Modification of authorized strength of Air Force Reserve 
              serving on full-time reserve component duty for 
              administration of the reserves or the National Guard.

                  TITLE LV--MILITARY PERSONNEL POLICY

Sec. 5501. Annual State report card.
Sec. 5502. Information and opportunities for registration for voting 
              and absentee ballot requests for members of the Armed 
              Forces undergoing deployment overseas.
Sec. 5503. Study on two-way military ballot barcode tracking.
Sec. 5504. Sense of Senate on the honorable and distinguished service 
              of General Joseph F. Dunford, United States Marine Corps, 
              to the United States.
Sec. 5505. Participation of other Federal agencies in the SkillBridge 
              apprenticeship and internship program for members of the 
              Armed Forces.

[[Page S3864]]

Sec. 5506. Personnel tempo of the Armed Forces and the United States 
              Special Operations Command during periods of 
              inapplicability of high-deployment limitations.
Sec. 5507. Report and briefing on the Senior Reserve Officers' Training 
              Corps.
Sec. 5508. Report on suicide prevention programs and activities for 
              members of the Armed Forces and their families.
Sec. 5509. Sense of Congress on local performance of military accession 
              physicals.
Sec. 5510. Permanent authority to defer past age 64 the retirement of 
              chaplains in general and flag officer grades.
Sec. 5546. Boards for Correction of Military Records and Discharge 
              Review Board matters.
Sec. 5585. Authorization for award of the Medal of Honor to John J. 
              Duffy for acts of valor in Vietnam.
Sec. 5587. Authority to award or present a decoration not previously 
              recommended in a timely fashion following a review 
              requested by Congress.

          TITLE LVI--COMPENSATION AND OTHER PERSONNEL BENEFITS

Sec. 5601. Inclusion of certain veterans on temporary disability or 
              permanent disabled retirement lists in military adaptive 
              sports programs.
Sec. 5602. Report on extension to members of the reserve components of 
              the Armed Forces of special and incentive pays for 
              members of the Armed Forces not currently payable to 
              members of the reserve components.
Sec. 5642. Treatment of fees of service provided as supplemental funds 
              for commissary operations.

                   TITLE LVII--HEALTH CARE PROVISIONS

Sec. 5701. Contraceptive parity under the TRICARE program.
Sec. 5702. Exposure to open burn pits and toxic airborne chemicals as 
              part of periodic health assessments and other physical 
              examinations.
Sec. 5703. Preservation of resources of the Army Medical Research and 
              Materiel Command and treatment of realignment of such 
              command.

 TITLE LVIII--ACQUISITION POLICY, ACQUISITION MANAGEMENT, AND RELATED 
                                MATTERS

Sec. 5801. Report on contracts with entities affiliated with the 
              Government of the People's Republic of China or the 
              Chinese Communist Party.
Sec. 5802. Documentation of market research related to commercial item 
              determinations.
Sec. 5803. Analysis of alternatives pursuant to materiel development 
              decisions.

      TITLE LIX--DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE ORGANIZATION AND MANAGEMENT

Sec. 5901. Institutionalization within Department of Defense of 
              responsibilities and authorities of the Chief Management 
              Officer.
Sec. 5902. Allocation of former responsibilities of the Under Secretary 
              of Defense for Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics.

                       TITLE LX--GENERAL MATTERS

Sec. 6001. Utilizing significant emissions with innovative 
              technologies.
Sec. 6002. Reporting regarding cancelled appropriations.
Sec. 6003. Inclusion of progress of the Department of Defense in 
              achieving auditable financial statements in annual 
              reports on the Financial Improvement and Audit 
              Remediation Plan.
Sec. 6004. Exemption from calculation of monthly income, for purposes 
              of bankruptcy laws, certain payments from the Department 
              of Veterans Affairs and the Department of Defense.
Sec. 6005. Silver Star Service Banner Day.
Sec. 6006. Electromagnetic pulses and geomagnetic disturbances.
Sec. 6007. Termination of leases of premises and motor vehicles of 
              servicemembers who incur catastrophic injury or illness 
              or die while in military service.
Sec. 6008. Improvements to Network for Manufacturing Innovation 
              Program.
Sec. 6009. Regional innovation program.
Sec. 6010. Report on National Guard and United States Northern Command 
              capacity to meet homeland defense and security incidents.
Sec. 6011. Comptroller General of the United States report on the 
              effects of continuing resolutions on readiness and 
              planning of the Department of Defense.
Sec. 6012. Integrated public alert and warning system.
Sec. 6013. Report on impact of Liberian nationals on the national 
              security, foreign policy, and economic and humanitarian 
              interests of the United States and a justification for 
              adjustment of status of qualifying Liberians to that of 
              lawful permanent residents.
Sec. 6014. Improving quality of information in background investigation 
              request packages.
Sec. 6015. Limitation on certain rolling stock procurements; 
              cybersecurity certification for rail rolling stock and 
              operations.
Sec. 6016. Sense of Congress on the naming of a naval vessel in honor 
              of Senior Chief Petty Officer Shannon Kent.
Sec. 6017. Authorization of appropriations for Defense Production Act 
              of 1950.
Sec. 6018. Investment in supply chain security under Defense Production 
              Act of 1950.
Sec. 6019. Aviation workforce development.
Sec. 6020. Little Shell Tribe of Chippewa Indians of Montana.
Sec. 6021. Pensacola dam and reservoir, Grand River, Oklahoma.

            TITLE LXII--MATTERS RELATING TO FOREIGN NATIONS

Sec. 6201. Statement of policy and sense of Senate on Mutual Defense 
              Treaty with the Republic of the Philippines.
Sec. 6202. Sense of Senate on enhanced cooperation with Pacific Island 
              countries to establish open-source intelligence fusion 
              centers in the Indo-Pacific region.
Sec. 6203. Two-year extension of program authority for Global Security 
              Contingency Fund.
Sec. 6204. Repeal of prohibition on transfer of articles on the United 
              States munitions list to the Republic of Cyprus.
Sec. 6205. United States-India defense cooperation in the Western 
              Indian Ocean.
Sec. 6206. Expansion of availability of financial assets of Iran to 
              victims of terrorism.
Sec. 6207. Report on export of certain satellites to entities with 
              certain beneficial ownership structures.
Sec. 6208. Sense of Congress on Hong Kong port visits.
Sec. 6209. Sense of Congress on policy toward Hong Kong.
Sec. 6210. Extension and modification of limitation on military 
              cooperation between the United States and the Russian 
              Federation.
Sec. 6211. Review and report on obligations of the United States under 
              Taiwan Relations Act.
Sec. 6212. Implementation of the Asia Reassurance Initiative Act with 
              regard to Taiwan arms sales.
Sec. 6213. North Atlantic Treaty Organization Joint Forces Command.
Sec. 6214. Report on military activities of the Russian Federation and 
              the People's Republic of China in the Arctic region.
Sec. 6215. Efforts to ensure meaningful participation of Afghan women 
              in peace negotiations in Afghanistan.
Sec. 6216. Updated strategy to counter the threat of malign influence 
              by the Russian Federation and other countries.
Sec. 6217. Modification of semiannual report on enhancing security and 
              stability in Afghanistan.
Sec. 6218. Sense of Congress on acquisition by Turkey of S-400 air 
              defense system.
Sec. 6219. Modification of initiative to support protection of national 
              security academic researchers from undue influence and 
              other security threats.
Sec. 6231. Prohibition on availability of funds relating to sovereignty 
              of the Russian Federation over Crimea.
Sec. 6236. Limitation on transfer of F-35 aircraft to the Republic of 
              Turkey.

                    TITLE LXIV--OTHER AUTHORIZATIONS

Sec. 6401. Assessment of rare earth supply chain issues.
Sec. 6422. Expansion of eligibility for residence at the Armed Force 
              Retirement Home.

  TITLE LXV--AUTHORIZATION OF ADDITIONAL APPROPRIATIONS FOR OVERSEAS 
                         CONTINGENCY OPERATIONS

                     Subtitle A--General Provisions

Sec. 6501. Review of Joint Improvised-Threat Defeat Organization 
              research relating to humanitarian demining efforts.

                 Subtitle B--Inspectors General Matters

Sec. 6511. Establishment of lead Inspector General for an overseas 
              contingency operation based on Secretary of Defense 
              notification.
Sec. 6512. Clarification of authority of Inspectors General for 
              overseas contingency operations.
Sec. 6513. Employment status of annuitants for Inspectors General for 
              overseas contingency operations.

[[Page S3865]]

    TITLE LXVI--STRATEGIC PROGRAMS, CYBER, AND INTELLIGENCE MATTERS

Sec. 6601. Annual report on development of ground-based strategic 
              deterrent weapon.
Sec. 6602. Sense of Senate on support for a robust and modern ICBM 
              force to maximize the value of the nuclear triad of the 
              United States.
Sec. 6603. Reports by military departments on operation of conventional 
              forces under employment or threat of employment of 
              nuclear weapons.
Sec. 6604. Reports by United States European Command and United States 
              Indo-Pacific Command on operation of certain conventional 
              forces under employment or threat of employment of 
              nuclear weapons.
Sec. 6605. Joint assessment of Department of Defense cyber red team 
              capabilities, capacity, demand, and requirements.
Sec. 6606. Report on the expanded purview of the Defense 
              Counterintelligence and Security Agency.
Sec. 6664. Prohibition on reduction of the intercontinental ballistic 
              missiles of the United States.

  TITLE LXVII--PFAS RELEASE DISCLOSURE, DETECTION, AND SAFE DRINKING 
                            WATER ASSISTANCE

Sec. 6701. Definition of Administrator.

                  Subtitle A--PFAS Release Disclosure

Sec. 6711. Additions to toxics release inventory.

                       Subtitle B--Drinking Water

Sec. 6721. National primary drinking water regulations for PFAS.
Sec. 6722. Monitoring and detection.
Sec. 6723. Enforcement.
Sec. 6724. Drinking water state revolving funds.

                       Subtitle C--PFAS Detection

Sec. 6731. Definitions.
Sec. 6732. Performance standard for the detection of perfluorinated 
              compounds.
Sec. 6733. Nationwide sampling.
Sec. 6734. Data usage.
Sec. 6735. Collaboration.
Sec. 6736. Authorization of appropriations.

               Subtitle D--Safe Drinking Water Assistance

Sec. 6741. Definitions.
Sec. 6742. Research and coordination plan for enhanced response on 
              emerging contaminants.

                       Subtitle E--Miscellaneous

Sec. 6751. PFAS data call.
Sec. 6752. Significant new use rule for long-chain PFAS.
Sec. 6753. PFAS destruction and disposal guidance.
Sec. 6754. PFAS research and development.

TITLE LXVIII--SANCTIONS WITH RESPECT TO FOREIGN TRAFFICKERS OF ILLICIT 
                           SYNTHETIC OPIOIDS

Sec. 6801. Short title.
Sec. 6802. Findings.
Sec. 6803. Sense of Congress.
Sec. 6804. Definitions.

    Subtitle A--Sanctions With Respect to Foreign Opioid Traffickers

Sec. 6811. Identification of foreign opioid traffickers.
Sec. 6812. Sense of Congress on international opioid control regime.
Sec. 6813. Imposition of sanctions.
Sec. 6814. Description of sanctions.
Sec. 6815. Waivers.
Sec. 6816. Procedures for judicial review of classified information.
Sec. 6817. Briefings on implementation.
Sec. 6818. Inclusion of additional material in International Narcotics 
              Control Strategy Report.

    Subtitle B--Commission on Combating Synthetic Opioid Trafficking

Sec. 6821. Commission on combating synthetic opioid trafficking.

                       Subtitle C--Other Matters

Sec. 6831. Director of National Intelligence program on use of 
              intelligence resources in efforts to sanction foreign 
              opioid traffickers.
Sec. 6832. Department of Defense funding.
Sec. 6833. Department of State funding.
Sec. 6834. Department of the Treasury funding.
Sec. 6835. Termination.
Sec. 6836. Exception relating to importation of goods.
Sec. 6837. Appropriate committees of Congress defined.

 TITLE LXIX--OTTO WARMBIER BANKING RESTRICTIONS INVOLVING NORTH KOREA 
                              ACT OF 2019

Sec. 6901. Short title.

           Subtitle A--Sanctions With Respect to North Korea

Sec. 6911. Findings.
Sec. 6912. Sense of Congress.
Sec. 6913. Definitions.

           PART I--Expansion of Sanctions and Related Matters

Sec. 6921. Sanctions with respect to foreign financial institutions 
              that provide financial services to certain sanctioned 
              persons.
Sec. 6922. Extension of applicability period of proliferation 
              prevention sanctions.
Sec. 6923. Sense of Congress on identification and blocking of property 
              of North Korean officials.
Sec. 6924. Modification of report on implementation of United Nations 
              Security Council resolutions by other governments.
Sec. 6925. Report on use by the Government of North Korea of beneficial 
              ownership rules to access the international financial 
              system.

              PART II--Congressional Review and Oversight

Sec. 6931. Notification of termination or suspension of sanctions.
Sec. 6932. Reports on certain licensing actions.
Sec. 6933. Briefings on implementation and enforcement of sanctions.
Sec. 6934. Report on financial networks and financial methods of the 
              Government of North Korea.
Sec. 6935. Report on countries of concern with respect to 
              transshipment, reexportation, or diversion of certain 
              items to North Korea.

                       PART III--General Matters

Sec. 6941. Rulemaking.
Sec. 6942. Authority to consolidate reports.
Sec. 6943. Waivers, exemptions, and termination.
Sec. 6944. Procedures for review of classified information.
Sec. 6945. Briefing on resourcing of sanctions programs.
Sec. 6946. Briefing on proliferation financing.

                Subtitle B--Divestment From North Korea

Sec. 6951. Authority of State and local governments to divest from 
              companies that invest in North Korea.
Sec. 6952. Safe harbor for changes of investment policies by asset 
              managers.
Sec. 6953. Sense of Congress regarding certain ERISA plan investments.
Sec. 6954. Rule of construction.

      Subtitle C--Financial Industry Guidance to Halt Trafficking

Sec. 6961. Short title.
Sec. 6962. Findings.
Sec. 6963. Sense of Congress.
Sec. 6964. Coordination of human trafficking issues by the Office of 
              Terrorism and Financial Intelligence.
Sec. 6965. Strengthening the role of anti-money laundering and other 
              financial tools in combating human trafficking.
Sec. 6966. Sense of Congress on resources to combat human trafficking.

        TITLE LXXVIII--MILITARY CONSTRUCTION GENERAL PROVISIONS

Sec. 7801. Prioritization of projects in annual report on unfunded 
              requirements for laboratory military construction 
              projects.
Sec. 7802. Prohibition on use of funds to reduce air base resiliency or 
              demolish protected aircraft shelters in the European 
              theater without creating a similar protection from 
              attack.
Sec. 7803. Prohibition on use of funds to close or return to the host 
              national any existing air base.
Sec. 7804. Report on unfunded requirements for major and minor military 
              construction projects for child development centers of 
              the Department of Defense and increase of maximum amounts 
              for such minor projects.
Sec. 7805. Modification of authorized uses of certain property conveyed 
              by the United States in Los Angeles, California.

      TITLE LXXXI--DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY NATIONAL SECURITY PROGRAMS

Sec. 8101. Implementation of common financial reporting system for 
              nuclear security enterprise.
Sec. 8102. Modification to certain requirements relating to plutonium 
              pit production capacity.

         TITLE LXXXII--DEFENSE NUCLEAR FACILITIES SAFETY BOARD

Sec. 8202. Membership of Defense Nuclear Facilities Safety Board.

                  TITLE LXXXV--MARITIME ADMINISTRATION

Sec. 8500. Ineffectiveness of title XXXV.
Sec. 8501. Short title.

                  Subtitle A--Maritime Administration

Sec. 8511. Authorization of the Maritime Administration.
Sec. 8512. Maritime Security Program.
Sec. 8513. Department of Transportation Inspector General Report.
Sec. 8514. Appointment of candidates attending sponsored preparatory 
              school.
Sec. 8515. Independent study on the United States Merchant Marine 
              Academy.
Sec. 8516. General support program.
Sec. 8517. Military to mariner.
Sec. 8518. Salvage recoveries of federally owned cargoes.
Sec. 8519. Salvage recoveries for subrogated ownership of vessels and 
              cargoes.
Sec. 8520. Port operations, research, and technology.
Sec. 8521. Assessment and report on strategic seaports.
Sec. 8522. Maritime technical assistance program.

[[Page S3866]]

Sec. 8523. Requirement for small shipyard grantees.
Sec. 8524. Improvement of National Oceanographic Partnership Program.
Sec. 8525. Improvements to the maritime guaranteed loan program.
Sec. 8526. Technical corrections.
Sec. 8527. United States Merchant Marine Academy's Sexual Assault 
              Prevention and Response program.
Sec. 8528. Report on vessels for emerging offshore energy 
              infrastructure.

                     Subtitle B--Maritime SAFE Act

Sec. 8531. Short titles.
Sec. 8532. Definitions.
Sec. 8533. Purposes.
Sec. 8534. Statement of policy.

 PART I--Programs to Combat IUU Fishing and Increase Maritime Security

Sec. 8541. Coordination with international organizations.
Sec. 8542. Engagement of diplomatic missions of the United States.
Sec. 8543. Assistance by Federal agencies to improve law enforcement 
              within priority regions and priority flag states.
Sec. 8544. Expansion of existing mechanisms to combat IUU fishing.
Sec. 8545. Improvement of transparency and traceability programs.
Sec. 8546. Technology programs.
Sec. 8547. Savings clause.

   PART II--Establishment of Interagency Working Group on IUU Fishing

Sec. 8551. Interagency Working Group on IUU Fishing.
Sec. 8552. Strategic plan.
Sec. 8553. Reports.
Sec. 8554. Gulf of Mexico IUU Fishing Subworking Group.

 PART III--Combating Human Trafficking in Connection With the Catching 
                   and Processing of Seafood Products

Sec. 8561. Finding.
Sec. 8562. Adding the Secretary of Commerce to the Interagency Task 
              Force to Monitor and Combat Trafficking.
Sec. 8563. Human trafficking in the seafood supply chain report.

                PART IV--Authorization of Appropriations

Sec. 8571. Authorization of appropriations.
Sec. 8572. Accounting of funds.

      DIVISION F--INTELLIGENCE AUTHORIZATIONS FOR FISCAL YEAR 2020

Sec. 9001. Short title.
Sec. 9002. Definitions.

                   TITLE XCI--INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES

Sec. 9101. Authorization of appropriations.
Sec. 9102. Classified schedule of authorizations.
Sec. 9103. Intelligence community management account.

   TITLE XCII--CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE AGENCY RETIREMENT AND DISABILITY 
                                 SYSTEM

Sec. 9201. Authorization of appropriations.

              TITLE XCIII--INTELLIGENCE COMMUNITY MATTERS

           Subtitle A--General Intelligence Community Matters

Sec. 9301. Restriction on conduct of intelligence activities.
Sec. 9302. Increase in employee compensation and benefits authorized by 
              law.
Sec. 9303. Improving the onboarding methodology for certain 
              intelligence personnel.
Sec. 9304. Intelligence community public-private talent exchange.
Sec. 9305. Expansion of scope of protections for identities of covert 
              agents.
Sec. 9306. Inclusion of security risks in program management plans 
              required for acquisition of major systems in National 
              Intelligence Program.
Sec. 9307. Paid parental leave.

      Subtitle B--Office of the Director of National Intelligence

Sec. 9311. Exclusivity, consistency, and transparency in security 
              clearance procedures.
Sec. 9312. Limitation on transfer of National Intelligence University.
Sec. 9313. Improving visibility into the security clearance process.
Sec. 9314. Making certain policies and execution plans relating to 
              personnel clearances available to industry partners.

      Subtitle C--Inspector General of the Intelligence Community

Sec. 9321. Definitions.
Sec. 9322. Inspector General external review panel.
Sec. 9323. Harmonization of whistleblower processes and procedures.
Sec. 9324. Intelligence community oversight of agency whistleblower 
              actions.
Sec. 9325. Report on cleared whistleblower attorneys.

                 TITLE XCIV--REPORTS AND OTHER MATTERS

Sec. 9401. Study on foreign employment of former personnel of 
              intelligence community.
Sec. 9402. Comprehensive economic assessment of investment in key 
              United States technologies by companies or organizations 
              linked to China.
Sec. 9403. Analysis of and periodic briefings on major initiatives of 
              intelligence community in artificial intelligence and 
              machine learning.
Sec. 9404. Encouraging cooperative actions to detect and counter 
              foreign influence operations.
Sec. 9405. Oversight of foreign influence in academia.
Sec. 9406. Director of National Intelligence report on fifth-generation 
              wireless network technology.
Sec. 9407. Annual report by Comptroller General of the United States on 
              cybersecurity and surveillance threats to Congress.
Sec. 9408. Director of National Intelligence assessment of foreign 
              interference in elections.
Sec. 9409. Study on feasibility and advisability of establishing 
              Geospatial-Intelligence Museum and learning center.
Sec. 9410. Report on death of Jamal Khashoggi.

 DIVISION G--INTELLIGENCE AUTHORIZATIONS FOR FISCAL YEARS 2018 AND 2019

Sec. 10001. Short title.
Sec. 10002. Definitions.

                   TITLE CI--INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES

Sec. 10101. Authorization of appropriations.
Sec. 10102. Classified Schedule of Authorizations.
Sec. 10103. Intelligence Community Management Account.

TITLE CII--CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE AGENCY RETIREMENT AND DISABILITY SYSTEM

Sec. 10201. Authorization of appropriations.
Sec. 10202. Computation of annuities for employees of the Central 
              Intelligence Agency.

           TITLE CIII--GENERAL INTELLIGENCE COMMUNITY MATTERS

Sec. 10301. Restriction on conduct of intelligence activities.
Sec. 10302. Increase in employee compensation and benefits authorized 
              by law.
Sec. 10303. Modification of special pay authority for science, 
              technology, engineering, or mathematics positions and 
              addition of special pay authority for cyber positions.
Sec. 10304. Modification of appointment of Chief Information Officer of 
              the Intelligence Community.
Sec. 10305. Director of National Intelligence review of placement of 
              positions within the intelligence community on the 
              Executive Schedule.
Sec. 10306. Supply Chain and Counterintelligence Risk Management Task 
              Force.
Sec. 10307. Consideration of adversarial telecommunications and 
              cybersecurity infrastructure when sharing intelligence 
              with foreign governments and entities.
Sec. 10308. Cyber protection support for the personnel of the 
              intelligence community in positions highly vulnerable to 
              cyber attack.
Sec. 10309. Modification of authority relating to management of supply-
              chain risk.
Sec. 10310. Limitations on determinations regarding certain security 
              classifications.
Sec. 10311. Joint Intelligence Community Council.
Sec. 10312. Intelligence community information technology environment.
Sec. 10313. Report on development of secure mobile voice solution for 
              intelligence community.
Sec. 10314. Policy on minimum insider threat standards.
Sec. 10315. Submission of intelligence community policies.
Sec. 10316. Expansion of intelligence community recruitment efforts.

 TITLE CIV--MATTERS RELATING TO ELEMENTS OF THE INTELLIGENCE COMMUNITY

      Subtitle A--Office of the Director of National Intelligence

Sec. 10401. Authority for protection of current and former employees of 
              the Office of the Director of National Intelligence.
Sec. 10402. Designation of the program manager-information sharing 
              environment.
Sec. 10403. Technical modification to the executive schedule.
Sec. 10404. Chief Financial Officer of the Intelligence Community.
Sec. 10405. Chief Information Officer of the Intelligence Community.

                Subtitle B--Central Intelligence Agency

Sec. 10411. Central Intelligence Agency subsistence for personnel 
              assigned to austere locations.
Sec. 10412. Expansion of security protective service jurisdiction of 
              the Central Intelligence Agency.
Sec. 10413. Repeal of foreign language proficiency requirement for 
              certain senior level positions in the Central 
              Intelligence Agency.

     Subtitle C--Office of Intelligence and Counterintelligence of 
                          Department of Energy

Sec. 10421. Consolidation of Department of Energy Offices of 
              Intelligence and Counterintelligence.

[[Page S3867]]

Sec. 10422. Repeal of Department of Energy Intelligence Executive 
              Committee and budget reporting requirement.

                       Subtitle D--Other Elements

Sec. 10431. Plan for designation of counterintelligence component of 
              Defense Security Service as an element of intelligence 
              community.
Sec. 10432. Notice not required for private entities.
Sec. 10433. Framework for roles, missions, and functions of Defense 
              Intelligence Agency.
Sec. 10434. Establishment of advisory board for National Reconnaissance 
              Office.
Sec. 10435. Collocation of certain Department of Homeland Security 
              personnel at field locations.

                       TITLE CV--ELECTION MATTERS

Sec. 10501. Report on cyber attacks by foreign governments against 
              United States election infrastructure.
Sec. 10502. Review of intelligence community's posture to collect 
              against and analyze Russian efforts to influence the 
              Presidential election.
Sec. 10503. Assessment of foreign intelligence threats to Federal 
              elections.
Sec. 10504. Strategy for countering Russian cyber threats to United 
              States elections.
Sec. 10505. Assessment of significant Russian influence campaigns 
              directed at foreign elections and referenda.
Sec. 10506. Foreign counterintelligence and cybersecurity threats to 
              Federal election campaigns.
Sec. 10507. Information sharing with State election officials.
Sec. 10508. Notification of significant foreign cyber intrusions and 
              active measures campaigns directed at elections for 
              Federal offices.
Sec. 10509. Designation of counterintelligence officer to lead election 
              security matters.

                     TITLE CVI--SECURITY CLEARANCES

Sec. 10601. Definitions.
Sec. 10602. Reports and plans relating to security clearances and 
              background investigations.
Sec. 10603. Improving the process for security clearances.
Sec. 10604. Goals for promptness of determinations regarding security 
              clearances.
Sec. 10605. Security Executive Agent.
Sec. 10606. Report on unified, simplified, Governmentwide standards for 
              positions of trust and security clearances.
Sec. 10607. Report on clearance in person concept.
Sec. 10608. Budget request documentation on funding for background 
              investigations.
Sec. 10609. Reports on reciprocity for security clearances inside of 
              departments and agencies.
Sec. 10610. Intelligence community reports on security clearances.
Sec. 10611. Periodic report on positions in the intelligence community 
              that can be conducted without access to classified 
              information, networks, or facilities.
Sec. 10612. Information sharing program for positions of trust and 
              security clearances.
Sec. 10613. Report on protections for confidentiality of whistleblower-
              related communications.

                 TITLE CVII--REPORTS AND OTHER MATTERS

    Subtitle A--Matters Relating to Russia and Other Foreign Powers

Sec. 10701. Limitation relating to establishment or support of 
              cybersecurity unit with the Russian Federation.
Sec. 10702. Report on returning Russian compounds.
Sec. 10703. Assessment of threat finance relating to Russia.
Sec. 10704. Notification of an active measures campaign.
Sec. 10705. Notification of travel by accredited diplomatic and 
              consular personnel of the Russian Federation in the 
              United States.
Sec. 10706. Report on outreach strategy addressing threats from United 
              States adversaries to the United States technology 
              sector.
Sec. 10707. Report on Iranian support of proxy forces in Syria and 
              Lebanon.
Sec. 10708. Annual report on Iranian expenditures supporting foreign 
              military and terrorist activities.
Sec. 10709. Expansion of scope of committee to counter active measures 
              and report on establishment of Foreign Malign Influence 
              Center.

                          Subtitle B--Reports

Sec. 10711. Technical correction to Inspector General study.
Sec. 10712. Reports on authorities of the Chief Intelligence Officer of 
              the Department of Homeland Security.
Sec. 10713. Report on cyber exchange program.
Sec. 10714. Review of intelligence community whistleblower matters.
Sec. 10715. Report on role of Director of National Intelligence with 
              respect to certain foreign investments.
Sec. 10716. Report on surveillance by foreign governments against 
              United States telecommunications networks.
Sec. 10717. Biennial report on foreign investment risks.
Sec. 10718. Modification of certain reporting requirement on travel of 
              foreign diplomats.
Sec. 10719. Semiannual reports on investigations of unauthorized 
              disclosures of classified information.
Sec. 10720. Congressional notification of designation of covered 
              intelligence officer as persona non grata.
Sec. 10721. Reports on intelligence community participation in 
              vulnerabilities equities process of Federal Government.
Sec. 10722. Inspectors General reports on classification.
Sec. 10723. Reports on global water insecurity and national security 
              implications and briefing on emerging infectious disease 
              and pandemics.
Sec. 10724. Annual report on memoranda of understanding between 
              elements of intelligence community and other entities of 
              the United States Government regarding significant 
              operational activities or policy.
Sec. 10725. Study on the feasibility of encrypting unclassified 
              wireline and wireless telephone calls.
Sec. 10726. Modification of requirement for annual report on hiring and 
              retention of minority employees.
Sec. 10727. Reports on intelligence community loan repayment and 
              related programs.
Sec. 10728. Repeal of certain reporting requirements.
Sec. 10729. Inspector General of the Intelligence Community report on 
              senior executives of the Office of the Director of 
              National Intelligence.
Sec. 10730. Briefing on Federal Bureau of Investigation offering 
              permanent residence to sources and cooperators.
Sec. 10731. Intelligence assessment of North Korea revenue sources.
Sec. 10732. Report on possible exploitation of virtual currencies by 
              terrorist actors.

                       Subtitle C--Other Matters

Sec. 10741. Public Interest Declassification Board.
Sec. 10742. Securing energy infrastructure.
Sec. 10743. Bug bounty programs.
Sec. 10744. Modification of authorities relating to the National 
              Intelligence University.
Sec. 10745. Technical and clerical amendments to the National Security 
              Act of 1947.
Sec. 10746. Technical amendments related to the Department of Energy.
Sec. 10747. Sense of Congress on notification of certain disclosures of 
              classified information.
Sec. 10748. Sense of Congress on consideration of espionage activities 
              when considering whether or not to provide visas to 
              foreign individuals to be accredited to a United Nations 
              mission in the United States.
Sec. 10749. Sense of Congress on WikiLeaks.

     SEC. 3. CONGRESSIONAL DEFENSE COMMITTEES.

       In this Act, the term ``congressional defense committees'' 
     has the meaning given that term in section 101(a)(16) of 
     title 10, United States Code.

     SEC. 4. BUDGETARY EFFECTS OF THIS ACT.

       The budgetary effects of this Act, for the purposes of 
     complying with the Statutory Pay-As-You-Go Act of 2010, shall 
     be determined by reference to the latest statement titled 
     ``Budgetary Effects of PAYGO Legislation'' for this Act, 
     jointly submitted for printing in the Congressional Record by 
     the Chairmen of the House and Senate Budget Committees, 
     provided that such statement has been submitted prior to the 
     vote on passage in the House acting first on the conference 
     report or amendment between the Houses.

            DIVISION A--DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE AUTHORIZATIONS

                          TITLE I--PROCUREMENT

              Subtitle A--Authorization of Appropriations

     SEC. 101. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

       Funds are hereby authorized to be appropriated for fiscal 
     year 2020 for procurement for the Army, the Navy and the 
     Marine Corps, the Air Force, and Defense-wide activities, as 
     specified in the funding table in section 4101.

                       Subtitle B--Army Programs

     SEC. 111. SENSE OF SENATE ON ARMY'S APPROACH TO CAPABILITY 
                   DROPS 1 AND 2 OF THE DISTRIBUTED COMMON GROUND 
                   SYSTEM-ARMY PROGRAM.

       It is the sense of the Senate that--
       (1) the Senate approves of the approach of the Army to 
     Capability Drops 1 and 2 of the

[[Page S3868]]

     Distributed Common Ground System-Army program, which has been 
     in compliance with section 2377 of title 10, United States 
     Code; and
       (2) the Senate encourages the Under Secretary of Defense 
     for Acquisition and Sustainment and other military 
     departments and commands in the Department of Defense to 
     review the efforts of the Army with Capability Drops 1 and 2 
     to inform future decisions about how to integrate commercial 
     technology into the Distributed Common Ground System 
     Enterprise and other national security systems.

     SEC. 112. AUTHORITY OF THE SECRETARY OF THE ARMY TO WAIVE 
                   CERTAIN LIMITATIONS RELATED TO THE DISTRIBUTED 
                   COMMON GROUND SYSTEM-ARMY INCREMENT 1.

       Section 113(d) of the National Defense Authorization Act 
     for Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328; 130 Stat. 2028) is 
     amended by striking ``Secretary of Defense'' both places it 
     appears and inserting ``Secretary of the Army''.

                       Subtitle C--Navy Programs

     SEC. 121. MODIFICATION OF PROHIBITION ON AVAILABILITY OF 
                   FUNDS FOR NAVY WATERBORNE SECURITY BARRIERS.

       Section 130 of the John S. McCain National Defense 
     Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2019 (Public Law 115-232) 
     is amended--
       (1) in subsection (a) by striking ``for fiscal year 2019 
     may be obligated or expended to procure legacy waterborne 
     security barriers for Navy ports'' and inserting ``for fiscal 
     year 2019 or fiscal year 2020 may be obligated or expended to 
     procure legacy waterborne security barriers for Navy ports, 
     including as replacements for legacy barriers''; and
       (2) by adding at the end the following new subsection:
       ``(d) Notification.--Not later than 15 days after an 
     exception is made pursuant to subsection (c)(2), the 
     Secretary of the Navy shall submit a written notification to 
     the congressional defense committees that includes--
       ``(1) the name and position of the government official who 
     determined exigent circumstances exist;
       ``(2) a description of the exigent circumstances; and
       ``(3) a description of how waterborne security will be 
     maintained until new waterborne security barriers are 
     procured and installed.''.

     SEC. 122. CAPABILITIES BASED ASSESSMENT FOR NAVAL VESSELS 
                   THAT CARRY FIXED-WING AIRCRAFT.

       (a) In General.--Not later than 30 days after the date of 
     the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of the Navy shall 
     initiate a capabilities based assessment to begin the process 
     of identifying requirements for the naval vessels that will 
     carry fixed-wing aircraft following the ships designated CVN-
     81 and LHA-9.
       (b) Elements.--The assessment shall--
       (1) conform with the Joint Capabilities Integration and 
     Development System, including Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of 
     Staff Instruction 5123.01H; and
       (2) consider options for the vessels described under 
     subsection (a) that would enable greater commonality and 
     interoperability of naval aircraft embarked on such naval 
     vessels, including aircraft arresting gear and launch 
     catapults.
       (c) Notification Requirement.--Not later than 15 days after 
     initiating the assessment required under subsection (a), the 
     Secretary of the Navy shall notify the congressional defense 
     committees of such action and the associated schedule for 
     completing the assessment and generating an Initial 
     Capabilities Document.

     SEC. 123. FORD-CLASS AIRCRAFT CARRIER COST LIMITATION 
                   BASELINES.

       (a) In General.--Chapter 633 of title 10, United States 
     Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new 
     section:

     ``Sec. 8692. Ford-class aircraft carrier cost limitation 
       baselines

       ``(a) Limitation.--The total amounts obligated or expended 
     from funds authorized to be appropriated or otherwise made 
     available for Shipbuilding and Conversion, Navy, or for any 
     other procurement account, may not exceed the following 
     amounts for the following aircraft carriers:
       ``(1) $13,027,000,000 for the construction of the aircraft 
     carrier designated CVN-78.
       ``(2) $11,398,000,000 for the construction of the aircraft 
     carrier designated CVN-79.
       ``(3) $12,202,000,000 for the construction of the aircraft 
     carrier designated CVN-80.
       ``(4) $12,451,000,000 for the construction of the aircraft 
     carrier designated CVN-81.
       ``(b) Adjustment of Limitation Amount.--The Secretary of 
     the Navy may adjust an amount set forth in subsection (a) by 
     the following:
       ``(1) The amounts of increases or decreases in costs 
     attributable to economic inflation after September 30, 2019.
       ``(2) The amounts of increases or decreases in costs 
     attributable to compliance with changes in Federal, State, or 
     local laws enacted after September 30, 2019.
       ``(3) The amounts of outfitting costs and post-delivery 
     costs incurred for that ship.
       ``(4) The amounts of increases or decreases in costs of 
     that ship that are attributable to insertion of new 
     technology into that ship, as compared to the technology 
     baseline as it was defined prior to October 1, 2019.
       ``(5) The amounts of increases or decreases to cost 
     required to correct deficiencies that may affect the safety 
     of the ship and personnel or otherwise preclude the ship from 
     safe operations and crew certification.
       ``(6) With respect to the aircraft carrier designated as 
     CVN-78, the amounts of increases or decreases in costs of 
     that ship that are attributable solely to an urgent and 
     unforeseen requirement identified as a result of the 
     shipboard test program.
       ``(7) With respect to the aircraft carrier designated as 
     CVN-79, the amounts of increases not exceeding $100,000,000 
     if the Chief of Naval Operations determines that achieving 
     the amount set forth in subsection (a)(2) would result in 
     unacceptable reductions to the operational capability of the 
     ship.
       ``(c) Limitation on Technology Insertion Cost Adjustment.--
     The Secretary of the Navy may use the authority under 
     paragraph (4) of subsection (b) to adjust the amount set 
     forth in subsection (a) for a ship referred to in that 
     subsection with respect to insertion of new technology into 
     that ship only if--
       ``(1) the Secretary determines, and certifies to the 
     congressional defense committees, that insertion of the new 
     technology would lower the life-cycle cost of the ship; or
       ``(2) the Secretary determines, and certifies to the 
     congressional defense committees, that insertion of the new 
     technology is required to meet an emerging threat and the 
     Secretary of Defense certifies to those committees that such 
     threat poses grave harm to national security.
       ``(d) Limitation on Shipboard Test Program Cost 
     Adjustment.--The Secretary of the Navy may use the authority 
     under paragraph (6) of subsection (b) to adjust the amount 
     set forth in subsection (a) for the aircraft carrier 
     designated CVN-78 for reasons relating to an urgent and 
     unforeseen requirement identified as a result of the 
     shipboard test program only if--
       ``(1) the Secretary determines, and certifies to the 
     congressional defense committees, that such requirement was 
     not known before the date of the submittal to Congress of the 
     budget for fiscal year 2020 (as submitted pursuant to section 
     1105 of title 31, United States Code);
       ``(2) the Secretary determines, and certifies to the 
     congressional defense committees, that waiting on an action 
     by Congress to raise the cost cap specified in subsection 
     (a)(1) to account for such requirement will result in a delay 
     in the date of initial operating capability of that ship; and
       ``(3) the Secretary submits to the congressional defense 
     committees a report setting forth a description of such 
     requirement before the obligation of additional funds 
     pursuant to such authority.
       ``(e) Exclusion of Battle and Interim Spares From Cost 
     Limitation.--The Secretary of the Navy shall exclude from the 
     determination of the amounts set forth in subsection (a), the 
     costs of the following items:
       ``(1) CVN-78 class battle spares.
       ``(2) Interim spares.
       ``(f) Written Notice of Change in Amount.--The Secretary of 
     the Navy shall submit to the congressional defense committees 
     written notice of any change in the amount set forth in 
     subsection (a) determined to be associated with a cost 
     covered in subsection (b) not less than 30 days prior to 
     making such change.''.
       (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the 
     beginning of such chapter is amended by inserting after the 
     item relating to section 8691 the following new item:

``Sec.  8692. Ford-class aircraft carrier cost limitation baselines.''.
       (c) Repeal of Superseded Provision.--Section 122 of the 
     John Warner National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
     Year 2007 (Public Law 109-364; 120 Stat. 2104) is repealed.

     SEC. 124. DESIGN AND CONSTRUCTION OF AMPHIBIOUS TRANSPORT 
                   DOCK DESIGNATED LPD-31.

       (a) In General.--The Secretary of the Navy may enter into a 
     contract for the design and construction of the amphibious 
     transport dock designated LPD-31 using amounts authorized to 
     be appropriated for the Department of Defense for 
     Shipbuilding and Conversion, Navy.
       (b) Use of Incremental Funding.--With respect to the 
     contract entered into under subsection (a), the Secretary may 
     use incremental funding to make payments under the contract 
     with amounts authorized to be appropriated in fiscal years 
     2019, 2020, and 2021.
       (c)  Condition for Out-year Contract Payments.--The 
     contract entered into under subsection (a) shall provide that 
     any obligation of the United States to make a payment under 
     such contract for any fiscal year after fiscal year 2020 is 
     subject to the availability of appropriations for that 
     purpose for such fiscal year.

     SEC. 125. LHA REPLACEMENT AMPHIBIOUS ASSAULT SHIP PROGRAM.

       (a) Authority to Use Incremental Funding.--The Secretary of 
     the Navy may enter into and incrementally fund a contract for 
     detail design and construction of the LHA replacement ship 
     designated LHA 9 and, subject to subsection (b), funds for 
     payments under the contract may be provided from amounts 
     authorized to be appropriated for the Department of Defense 
     for Shipbuilding and Conversion, Navy, for fiscal years 2019 
     through 2025.
       (b) Condition for Out-year Contract Payments.--A contract 
     entered into under subsection (a) shall provide that any 
     obligation of the United States to make a payment under the 
     contract for any subsequent fiscal year is subject to the 
     availability of appropriations for that purpose for such 
     subsequent fiscal year.

[[Page S3869]]

       (c) Repeal of Obsolete Authority.--Section 125 of the John 
     Warner National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 
     2007 (Public Law 109-364; 120 Stat. 2106) is repealed.

     SEC. 126. LIMITATION ON AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS FOR THE 
                   LITTORAL COMBAT SHIP.

       (a) Limitation.--None of the amounts authorized to be 
     appropriated by this Act or otherwise made available for the 
     Department of Defense for fiscal year 2020 may be used to 
     exceed the total procurement quantity listed in revision five 
     of the Littoral Combat Ship acquisition strategy unless the 
     Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment 
     submits to the congressional defense committees the 
     certification described in subsection (b).
       (b) Certification.--The certification described in this 
     subsection is a certification by the Under Secretary that 
     awarding a contract for the procurement of a Littoral Combat 
     Ship that exceeds the total procurement quantity listed in 
     revision five of the Littoral Combat Ship acquisition 
     strategy--
       (1) is in the national security interests of the United 
     States;
       (2) will not result in exceeding the low-rate initial 
     production quantity approved in the Littoral Combat Ship 
     acquisition strategy in effect as of the date of the 
     certification; and
       (3) is necessary to maintain a full and open competition 
     for the Guided Missile Frigate (FFG(X)) with a single source 
     award in fiscal year 2020.
       (c) Definition.--The term ``revision five of the Littoral 
     Combat Ship acquisition strategy'' means the fifth revision 
     of the Littoral Combat Ship acquisition strategy approved by 
     the Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and 
     Sustainment on March 26, 2018.

     SEC. 127. LIMITATION ON THE NEXT NEW CLASS OF NAVY LARGE 
                   SURFACE COMBATANTS.

       (a) In General.--Milestone B approval may not be granted 
     for the next new class of Navy large surface combatants 
     unless the class of Navy large surface combatants 
     incorporates prior to such approval--
       (1) design changes identified during the full duration of 
     the combat system ship qualification trials and operational 
     test periods of the first Arleigh Burke-class destroyer in 
     the Flight III configuration to complete such events; and
       (2) final results of test programs of engineering 
     development models or prototypes for critical systems 
     specified by the Senior Technical Authority pursuant to 
     section 8669b of title 10, United States Code, as added by 
     section 1017 of this Act, in their final form, fit, and 
     function and in a realistic environment, which shall include 
     a land-based engineering site if the propulsion system will 
     utilize integrated electric power technology, including 
     electric drive propulsion.
       (b) Limitation.--The Secretary of the Navy may not release 
     a detail design or construction request for proposals or 
     obligate funds from the Shipbuilding and Conversion, Navy 
     account for the next new class of Navy large surface 
     combatants until the class of Navy large surface combatants 
     receives Milestone B approval and the milestone decision 
     authority notifies the congressional defense committees, in 
     writing, of the actions taken to comply with the requirements 
     under subsection (a).
       (c) Definitions.--In this section:
       (1) The term ``Milestone B approval'' has the meaning given 
     the term in section 2366(e)(7) of title 10, United States 
     Code.
       (2) The term ``milestone decision authority'' means the 
     official within the Department of Defense designated with the 
     overall responsibility and authority for acquisition 
     decisions for the program, including authority to approve 
     entry of the program into the next phase of the acquisition 
     process.
       (3) The term ``large surface combatants'' means Navy 
     surface ships that are designed primarily to engage in 
     attacks against airborne, surface, subsurface, and shore 
     targets, excluding frigates and littoral combat ships.

     SEC. 128. REFUELING AND COMPLEX OVERHAULS OF THE U.S.S. JOHN 
                   C. STENNIS AND U.S.S. HARRY S. TRUMAN.

       (a) Refueling and Complex Overhaul.--The Secretary of the 
     Navy shall carry out the nuclear refueling and complex 
     overhaul of the U.S.S. John C. Stennis (CVN-74) and U.S.S. 
     Harry S. Truman (CVN-75).
       (b) Use of Incremental Funding.--With respect to any 
     contract entered into under subsection (a) for the nuclear 
     refueling and complex overhauls of the U.S.S. John C. Stennis 
     (CVN-74) and U.S.S. Harry S. Truman (CVN-75), the Secretary 
     may use incremental funding for a period not to exceed six 
     years after advance procurement funds for such nuclear 
     refueling and complex overhaul effort are first obligated.
       (c) Condition for Out-year Contract Payments.--Any contract 
     entered into under subsection (a) shall provide that any 
     obligation of the United States to make a payment under the 
     contract for a fiscal year after fiscal year 2020 is subject 
     to the availability of appropriations for that purpose for 
     that later fiscal year.

     SEC. 129. REPORT ON CARRIER WING COMPOSITION.

       (a) In General.--Not later than May 1, 2020, the Secretary 
     of the Navy shall submit to the congressional defense 
     committees a report on the optimal composition of the carrier 
     air wing in 2030 and 2040, including alternative force design 
     concepts.
       (b) Elements.--The report required under subsection (a) 
     shall include the following elements:
       (1) Analysis and justification for the Navy's stated goal 
     of a 50/50 mix of 4th and 5th generation aircraft for 2030.
       (2) Analysis and justification for an optimal mix of 
     carrier aircraft for 2040.
       (3) A plan for incorporating unmanned aerial vehicles and 
     associated communication capabilities to effectively 
     implement the future force design.
       (c) Briefing.--Not later than March 1, 2020, the Secretary 
     of the Navy shall provide the congressional defense 
     committees a briefing on the report required under subsection 
     (a).

                     Subtitle D--Air Force Programs

     SEC. 141. REQUIREMENT TO ALIGN AIR FORCE FIGHTER FORCE 
                   STRUCTURE WITH NATIONAL DEFENSE STRATEGY AND 
                   REPORTS.

       (a) Required Submission of Strategy.--Not later than March 
     1, 2020, the Secretary of the Air Force shall submit to the 
     congressional defense committees a fighter force structure 
     acquisition strategy that is aligned with the results of the 
     reports submitted under subtitle D of title I of the National 
     Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2018 (Public Law 
     115-91) and the Air Force's stated requirements to meet the 
     National Defense Strategy.
       (b) Alignment With Strategy.--The Secretary of the Air 
     Force may not deviate from the strategy submitted under 
     subsection (a) until--
       (1) the Secretary receives a waiver and justification from 
     the Secretary of Defense; and
       (2) 30 days after notifying the congressional defense 
     committees of the proposed deviation.

     SEC. 142. REQUIREMENT TO ESTABLISH THE USE OF AN AGILE DEVOPS 
                   SOFTWARE DEVELOPMENT SOLUTION AS AN ALTERNATIVE 
                   FOR JOINT STRIKE FIGHTER AUTONOMIC LOGISTICS 
                   INFORMATION SYSTEM.

       (a) Establishment of an Alternative Agile DevOps Software 
     Development Program.--The Secretary of Defense shall 
     establish a software development activity using Agile DevOps 
     to create an alternative solution for the Joint Strike 
     Fighter Autonomic Logistics Information System (ALIS).
       (b) Competitive Analysis.--The Secretary of Defense shall 
     carry out a competitive analysis of the efforts between 
     Autonomic Logistics Information System, Autonomic Logistics 
     Information System-Next, and Madhatter, including with 
     respect to transition opportunities and timelines.
       (c) Briefing.--Not later than September 30, 2020, the 
     Secretary of Defense, in consultation with the Secretary of 
     the Air Force, shall provide the congressional defense 
     committees a briefing on the findings of the Secretary of 
     Defense with respect to the competitive analysis carried out 
     under subsection (b).

     SEC. 143. REPORT ON FEASIBILITY OF MULTIYEAR CONTRACT FOR 
                   PROCUREMENT OF JASSM-ER MISSILES.

       (a) In General.--Not later than March 31, 2020, the 
     Secretary of the Air Force shall submit a report to the 
     congressional defense committees assessing the feasibility of 
     entering into a multiyear contract for procurement of JASSM-
     ER missiles starting in fiscal year 2022.
       (b) Elements.--The report required under subsection (a) 
     shall include the following elements:
       (1) An initial assessment of cost savings to the Air Force 
     from a multiyear contract.
       (2) An analysis of at least two different multiyear 
     contract options that vary in either duration or quantity, at 
     least one of which assumes a maximum procurement of 550 
     missiles per year for 5 years.
       (3) An assessment of how a multiyear contract will impact 
     the industrial base.
       (4) An assessment of how a multiyear contract will impact 
     the Long Range Anti-Ship Missile.
       (5) An assessment of how a multiyear contract will impact 
     the ability of the Air Force to develop additional 
     capabilities for the JASSM-ER missile.

     SEC. 144. AIR FORCE AGGRESSOR SQUADRON MODERNIZATION.

       (a) Sense of Congress.--It is the sense of Congress that--
       (1) it is critical that the Air Force has the capability to 
     train against an advanced air adversary in order to be 
     prepared for conflicts against a modern enemy force, and that 
     in order to have this capability, the Air Force must have 
     access to an advanced adversary force prior to United States 
     adversaries fielding a 5th-generation operational capability; 
     and
       (2) the Air Force's plan to use low-rate initial production 
     F-35As as aggressor aircraft reflects a recognition of the 
     need to field a modernized aggressor fleet.
       (b) Report.--
       (1) In general.--The Secretary of the Air Force may not 
     transfer any low-rate initial production F-35 aircraft for 
     use as aggressor aircraft until the Chief of Staff of the Air 
     Force submits to the congressional defense committees a 
     comprehensive plan and report on the strategy for modernizing 
     its organic aggressor fleet.
       (2) Elements.--The report required under paragraph (1) 
     shall include the following elements:
       (A) Potential locations for F-35A aggressor aircraft, 
     including an analysis of installations that--
       (i) have the size and availability of airspace necessary to 
     meet flying operations requirements;
       (ii) have sufficient capacity and availability of range 
     space;
       (iii) are capable of hosting advanced-threat training 
     exercises; and

[[Page S3870]]

       (iv) meet or require minimal addition to the environmental 
     requirements associated with the basing action.
       (B) An analysis of the potential cost and benefits of 
     expanding aggressor squadrons currently operating 18 Primary 
     Assigned Aircraft (PAA) to a level of 24 PAA each.
       (C) An analysis of the cost and timelines associated with 
     modernizing the current Air Force aggressor squadrons to 
     include upgrading aircraft radar, infrared search-and-track 
     systems, radar warning receiver, tactical datalink, threat-
     representative jamming pods, and other upgrades necessary to 
     provide a realistic advanced adversary threat.

     SEC. 145. AIR FORCE PLAN FOR COMBAT RESCUE HELICOPTER 
                   FIELDING.

       (a) Sense of Congress.--It is the sense of Congress that, 
     given delays to Operational Loss Replacement (OLR) program 
     fielding and the on-time fielding of Combat Rescue Helicopter 
     (CRH), the Air National Guard should retain additional HH-60G 
     helicopters at Air National Guard locations to meet their 
     recommended primary aircraft authorized (PAA) per the Air 
     Force's June 2018 report on Air National Guard HH-60 
     requirements.
       (b) Report on Fielding Plan.--
       (1) In general.--Not later than 45 days after the date of 
     the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of the Air Force 
     shall submit to the congressional defense committees a report 
     on its fielding plan for the CRH program.
       (2) Elements.--The report required under paragraph (1) 
     shall include the following elements:
       (A) A description of the differences in capabilities 
     between the HH-60G, OLR, and CRH helicopters.
       (B) A description of the costs and risks associated with 
     changing the CRH fielding plan to reduce or eliminate 
     inventory shortfalls.
       (C) A description of the measures for accelerating the 
     program available within the current contract.
       (D) A description of the operational risks and benefits 
     associated with fielding the CRH to the active component 
     first, including--
       (i) how the differing fielding plan may affect deployment 
     schedules;
       (ii) what capabilities active-component units deploying 
     with the CRH will have that reserve component units deploying 
     with OLR will not; and
       (iii) an analysis of the potential costs and benefits that 
     could result from accelerating CRH fielding to all units 
     through additional funding in the future years defense 
     program.
       (c) Report on Training Plan.--
       (1) In general.--Not later than 45 days after the date of 
     the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of the Air Force 
     shall submit to the congressional defense committees a report 
     on the plan to sustain training for initial-entry reserve 
     component HH-60G pilots once the active component of the Air 
     Force has received all of its CRH helicopters.
       (2) Elements.--The report required under paragraph (1) 
     shall include the following elements:
       (A) Projected reserve component aircrew initial HH-60G/OLR 
     qualification training requirements, by year.
       (B) The number of legacy HH-60G/OLR helicopters required to 
     continue providing initial HH-60G qualification training 
     through the 150th Special Operations Wing at Kirtland Air 
     Force Base.
       (C) The number of personnel required to continue providing 
     initial HH-60G/OLR qualification training through the 150th 
     Special Operations Wing at Kirtland Air Force Base.
       (D) The number of flying hours required per pilot to 
     perform ``differences training'' at home station for initial 
     entry HH-60 pilots receiving CRH training at Kirtland Air 
     Force Base to become qualified in the HH-60G/OLR at their 
     home station.
       (E) The projected effect of using local flying training 
     hours at reserve component units on overall unit training 
     readiness and ability to meet Ready Aircrew Program 
     requirements.

     SEC. 146. MILITARY TYPE CERTIFICATION FOR AT-6 AND A-29 LIGHT 
                   ATTACK EXPERIMENTATION AIRCRAFT.

       The Secretary of the Air Force shall conduct a military 
     type certification for the AT-6 and A-29 light attack 
     experimentation aircraft pursuant to the DoD Directive on 
     Military Type Certificates, 5030.61.

       Subtitle E--Defense-wide, Joint, and Multiservice Matters

     SEC. 151. LIMITATION ON AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS FOR 
                   COMMUNICATIONS SYSTEMS LACKING CERTAIN 
                   RESILIENCY FEATURES.

       (a) In General.--Except as provided under subsection (b), 
     none of the funds authorized to be appropriated by this Act 
     or otherwise made available for the Department of Defense for 
     fiscal year 2020 may be used for the procurement of a current 
     or future Department of Defense communication program of 
     record unless the communications equipment--
       (1) provides the ability to deny geolocation of a 
     transmission that would allow enemy targeting of the force;
       (2) provides the ability to securely communicate classified 
     information in a jamming environment of like-echelon forces; 
     and
       (3) utilizes a waveform that is made available in the 
     Department of Defense Waveform Information Repository.
       (b) Waiver.--The Secretary of a military department may 
     waive the requirement under subsection (a) with respect to a 
     communications system upon certifying to the congressional 
     defense committees that the system will not require 
     resiliency due to its expected use.

     SEC. 152. F-35 SUSTAINMENT COST.

       (a) Quarterly Report.--The Under Secretary of Defense for 
     Acquisition and Sustainment shall include in the quarterly 
     report required under section 155 of the John S. McCain 
     National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2019 
     (Public Law 115-232)--
       (1) sustainment cost data related to the F-35 program, 
     including a comparison in itemized format of the cost of 
     legacy aircraft and the cost of the F-35 program, based on a 
     standardized set of criteria; and
       (2) a progress report on the extent to which the goals 
     developed pursuant to subsection (b) are being achieved.
       (b) Cost Reduction Plan.--
       (1) In general.--The Under Secretary of Defense for 
     Acquisition and Sustainment shall develop a plan for 
     achieving significant reductions in the cost to operate and 
     maintain the F-35 aircraft.
       (2) Elements.--The plan required under paragraph (1) shall 
     include the following elements:
       (A) Specific changes in the management of operation and 
     support (O&S) cost to engender continuous process 
     improvement.
       (B) Specific actions the Department will implement in the 
     near term to reduce O&S cost.
       (C) Concrete timelines for implementing the specific 
     actions and process changes.
       (3) Report.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
     enactment of this Act, the Under Secretary shall submit to 
     the congressional defense committees a report on the baseline 
     plan for achieving operation and support cost savings.

     SEC. 153. ECONOMIC ORDER QUANTITY CONTRACTING AUTHORITY FOR 
                   F-35 JOINT STRIKE FIGHTER PROGRAM.

       The Secretary of Defense is authorized to award multiyear 
     contracts for the procurement of F-35 aircraft in economic 
     order quantities for fiscal year 2021 (Lot 15) through fiscal 
     year 2023 (Lot 17).

     SEC. 154. REPEAL OF TACTICAL UNMANNED VEHICLE COMMON DATA 
                   LINK REQUIREMENT.

       Section 141 of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
     Fiscal Year 2006 (Public Law 109-163; 119 Stat. 3163) is 
     hereby repealed.

         TITLE II--RESEARCH, DEVELOPMENT, TEST, AND EVALUATION

              Subtitle A--Authorization of Appropriations

     SEC. 201. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

       Funds are hereby authorized to be appropriated for fiscal 
     year 2020 for the use of the Department of Defense for 
     research, development, test, and evaluation, as specified in 
     the funding table in section 4201.

    Subtitle B--Program Requirements, Restrictions, and Limitations

     SEC. 211. DEVELOPMENT AND ACQUISITION STRATEGY TO PROCURE 
                   SECURE, LOW PROBABILITY OF DETECTION DATA LINK 
                   NETWORK CAPABILITY.

       (a) Strategy Required.--Not later than March 1, 2020, the 
     Chief of Staff of the Air Force and Chief of Naval Operations 
     shall jointly submit to the congressional defense committees 
     a joint development and acquisition strategy to procure a 
     secure, low probability of detection data link network 
     capability, with the ability to effectively operate in 
     hostile jamming environments while preserving the low 
     observability characteristics of the relevant platforms, 
     including both existing and planned platforms.
       (b) Network Characteristics.--The data link network 
     capability to be procured pursuant to the development and 
     acquisition strategy submitted under subsection (a) shall--
       (1) ensure that any network made with such capability will 
     be low risk and affordable, with minimal impact or change to 
     existing host platforms and minimal overall integration 
     costs;
       (2) use a non-proprietary and open systems approach 
     compatible with the Rapid Capabilities Office Open Mission 
     Systems initiative of the Air Force and the Future Airborne 
     Capability Environment initiative of the Navy; and
       (3) provide for an architecture to connect, with 
     operationally relevant throughput and latency--
       (A) fifth-generation combat aircraft;
       (B) fifth-generation and fourth-generation combat aircraft;
       (C) fifth-generation and fourth-generation combat aircraft 
     and appropriate support aircraft and other network nodes for 
     command, control, communications, intelligence, surveillance, 
     and reconnaissance purposes; and
       (D) fifth-generation and fourth-generation combat aircraft 
     and their associated network-enabled precision weapons.
       (c) Limitation.--Of the funds authorized to be appropriated 
     by this Act or otherwise made available for fiscal year 2020 
     for operation and maintenance for the Office of the Secretary 
     of the Air Force and for operations and maintenance for the 
     Office of the Secretary of the Navy, not more than 50 percent 
     may be obligated or expended until the date that is 15 days 
     after the date on which the Chief of Staff of the Air Force 
     and Chief of Naval Operations submit the development and 
     acquisition strategy required by subsection (a).

[[Page S3871]]

  


     SEC. 212. ESTABLISHMENT OF SECURE NEXT-GENERATION WIRELESS 
                   NETWORK (5G) INFRASTRUCTURE FOR THE NEVADA TEST 
                   AND TRAINING RANGE AND BASE INFRASTRUCTURE.

       (a) Establishment Required.--Not later than one year after 
     the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of 
     Defense shall establish secure fifth-generation wireless 
     network components and capabilities at no fewer than two 
     Department of Defense installations in accordance with this 
     section.
       (b) First Installation.--
       (1) Location.--The Secretary shall establish components and 
     capabilities under subsection (a) at the Nevada Test and 
     Training Range, which shall serve as the Department's Major 
     Range and Test Facility Base (MRTFB) for fifth-generation 
     wireless networking.
       (2) Objective.--The Secretary shall ensure that the 
     establishment of components and capabilities under subsection 
     (a) at the range described in paragraph (1) of this 
     subsection will allow the Department to explore and 
     demonstrate the utility of using fifth-generation wireless 
     networking technology to enhance combat operations.
       (3) Purpose.--The purpose of the establishment of 
     components and capabilities under subsection (a) at the range 
     described in paragraph (1) of this subsection is to 
     demonstrate the following:
       (A) The potential military utility of high bandwidth, 
     scalable, and low latency fifth-generation wireless 
     networking technology.
       (B) Advanced security technology that is applicable to 
     fifth-generation networks as well as legacy Department 
     command and control networks.
       (C) Secure interoperability with fixed and wireless systems 
     (legacy and future systems).
       (D) Enhancements such as spectrum and waveform diversity, 
     frequency hopping and spreading, and beam forming for 
     military requirements.
       (E) Technology for dynamic network slicing for specific use 
     cases and applications requiring varying levels of latency, 
     scale, and throughput.
       (F) Technology for dynamic spectrum sharing and network 
     isolation.
       (c) Second and Additional Installations.--
       (1) Location.--The location of the second and any 
     additional installations for establishment of components and 
     capabilities under subsection (a) shall be at such Department 
     installation or installations as the Secretary considers 
     appropriate for the purpose set forth in paragraph (2) of 
     this subsection.
       (2) Purposes.--The purpose of the second and any additional 
     installations for establishment of components and 
     capabilities under subsection (a) is to explore and 
     demonstrate infrastructure implementations of the following:
       (A) Base infrastructure installation of high bandwidth, 
     scalable, and low latency fifth-generation wireless 
     networking technology.
       (B) Applications for secure fifth-generation wireless 
     network capabilities for the Department, such as the 
     following:
       (i) Interactive augmented reality or synthetic training 
     environments.
       (ii) Internet of things devices.
       (iii) Autonomous systems.
       (iv) Advanced manufacturing through the following:

       (I) Department-sponsored centers for manufacturing 
     innovation (as defined in section 34(c) of the National 
     Institute of Standards and Technology Act (15 U.S.C. 
     278s(c))).
       (II) Department research and development organizations.
       (III) Manufacturers in the defense industrial base of the 
     United States.

     SEC. 213. LIMITATION AND REPORT ON INDIRECT FIRE PROTECTION 
                   CAPABILITY INCREMENT 2 ENDURING CAPABILITY.

       (a) Limitation and Report.--None of the funds authorized to 
     be appropriated by this Act or otherwise made available for 
     fiscal year 2020 for the Army may be obligated or expended 
     for research, development, test, and evaluation for the 
     Indirect Fire Protection Capability Increment 2 enduring 
     capability until the Secretary of the Army submits to the 
     congressional defense committees a report on the Indirect 
     Fire Protection Capability Increment 2 program that contains 
     the following:
       (1) An assessment of whether the requirements previously 
     established for the program meet the anticipated threat at 
     the time of planned initial operating capability and fully 
     operating capability.
       (2) A list of candidate systems considered to meet the 
     Indirect Fire Protection Capability Increment 2 requirement, 
     including those fielded or in development by the Army, the 
     Missile Defense Agency, and other elements of the Department 
     of Defense.
       (3) An assessment of each candidate system's capability 
     against representative threats.
       (4) An assessment of other relevant specifications of each 
     candidate system, including cost of development, cost per 
     round if applicable, technological maturity, and logistics 
     and sustainment.
       (5) A plan for how the Army will integrate the chosen 
     system or systems into the Integrated Air and Missile Defense 
     Battle Command System.
       (b) Certification Required.--Not later than 10 days after 
     the date on which the President submits the annual budget 
     request of the President for fiscal year 2021 pursuant to 
     section 1105 of title 31, United States Code, the Secretary 
     of the Army shall, without delegation, submit to the 
     congressional defense committees a certification that 
     identifies a program of record contained within that budget 
     request that will meet the requirement in Department of 
     Defense Directive 5100.01 to conduct air and missile defense 
     to support joint campaigns as it applies to defense against 
     supersonic cruise missiles.

     SEC. 214. ELECTROMAGNETIC SPECTRUM SHARING RESEARCH AND 
                   DEVELOPMENT PROGRAM.

       (a) Program Establishment.--The Secretary of Defense, in 
     consultation with the Administrator of the National 
     Telecommunications and Information Administration, and the 
     Federal Communications Commission shall jointly establish an 
     electromagnetic spectrum sharing research and development 
     program to promote the establishment of innovative 
     technologies and techniques to facilitate electromagnetic 
     spectrum sharing between fifth-generation wireless networking 
     technologies, Federal systems, and other non-Federal 
     incumbent systems.
       (b) Establishment of Test Beds.--
       (1) In general.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
     the enactment of this Act, the Secretary, in coordination 
     with the Administrator and the Commission, shall, as part of 
     the program established under subsection (a), establish at 
     least two test beds to demonstrate the potential for 
     cohabitation between fifth-generation wireless networking 
     technologies, other incumbent non-Federal systems, and 
     Federal systems.
       (2) Co-location of test beds.--The test beds established 
     under paragraph (1) may be co-located, if a single geographic 
     location can provide a sufficient diversity of Federal 
     systems. If not, test beds established under this subsection 
     shall coordinate to share results and best practices 
     identified in each location.
       (c) Development of Department of Defense Integrated 
     Spectrum Automation Enterprise Strategy.--
       (1) In general.--Not later than May 1, 2020, the Secretary 
     and the Administrator of the National Telecommunications and 
     Information Administration, in consultation with the Federal 
     Communications Commission, shall jointly propose an 
     integrated spectrum automation enterprise strategy for the 
     Department of Defense to address management of 
     electromagnetic spectrum, including both Federal and non-
     Federal spectrum that is shared by the Department of Defense 
     or could be used for national security missions in the 
     future, including on a shared basis.
       (2) Matters encompassed.--The strategy developed under 
     subparagraph (A) shall encompass cloud-based databases, 
     artificial intelligence, system certification processes, 
     public facing application programming interfaces and online 
     tools, and electromagnetic spectrum compatibility analyses 
     for sharing of electromagnetic spectrum.
       (d) Periodic Briefings.--Not later than 180 days after the 
     date of the enactment of this Act and not less frequently 
     than once every 180 days thereafter until the Secretary 
     submits the report required by subsection (e), the Secretary, 
     in consultation with the Administrator and the Commission, 
     shall brief the appropriate committees of Congress on the 
     progress of the test beds established under subsection (b).
       (e) Report.--
       (1) In general.--Not later than October 1, 2022, the 
     Secretary, in consultation with the Administrator and the 
     Commission, shall submit to the appropriate committees of 
     Congress a report on the results of the test beds established 
     under subsection (b).
       (2) Recommendations.--The report submitted under paragraph 
     (1) shall include recommendations to facilitate sharing 
     frameworks in the bands of electromagnetic spectrum that are 
     the subject of the test beds.
       (f) Appropriate Committees of Congress.--In this 
     subsection, the term ``appropriate committees of Congress'' 
     means--
       (1) the Committee on Armed Services and the Committee on 
     Commerce, Science, and Transportation of the Senate; and
       (2) the Committee on Armed Services and the Committee on 
     Energy and Commerce of the House of Representatives.

     SEC. 215. SENSE OF THE SENATE ON THE ADVANCED BATTLE 
                   MANAGEMENT SYSTEM.

       It is the sense of the Senate that--
       (1) the Senate supports the vision of the Air Force for the 
     Advanced Battle Management System (ABMS) as a system of 
     systems that can integrate air, space, and other systems to 
     detect, track, target, and direct effects against threats in 
     all domains;
       (2) such a capability will be essential to the ability of 
     the Air Force to operate effectively as part, and in support, 
     of the Joint Force, especially in the highly-contested 
     operating environments established by near-peer competitors;
       (3) the Senate is concerned that the Air Force has not 
     moved quickly enough over the past year to begin defining the 
     requirements and maturing the technologies that will be 
     essential for the Advanced Battle Management System, 
     especially in light of the pending retirement of the Joint 
     Surveillance and Target Attack Radar System (JSTARS) aircraft 
     that the Advanced Battle Management System is conceived, in 
     part, to replace;
       (4) the Senate understands that the Air Force is moving 
     deliberately to analyze alternative concepts for the Advanced 
     Battle Management System and adopt an architectural approach 
     to its design;

[[Page S3872]]

       (5) the Advanced Battle Management System, as a multidomain 
     system of systems, must have a central command and control 
     capability that can integrate these systems into a unified 
     warfighting capability;
       (6) emerging technologies, such as artificial intelligence 
     and automated sensor fusion, should be built into the command 
     and control capability for the Advanced Battle Management 
     System from the start;
       (7) such technologies would improve the ability of the 
     Advanced Battle Management System to support human operators 
     with--
       (A) the rapid processing and fusion of multidomain sensor 
     data;
       (B) the highly-automated identification, classification, 
     tracking, and targeting of threats in all domains;
       (C) the creation of a real-time common operating picture 
     from multidomain intelligence; and the ability to direct 
     effects on the battlefield at machine-to-machine speeds from 
     all of the systems comprising the Advanced Battle Management 
     System; and
       (8) for an effort as ambitious and complex as the Advanced 
     Battle Management System, the Senate encourages the Air Force 
     to use existing acquisition authorities to begin a rapid 
     prototyping effort to refine the requirements and software-
     intensive technologies that will be integral to the command 
     and control capability of the Advanced Battle Management 
     System.

     SEC. 216. MODIFICATION OF PROOF OF CONCEPT COMMERCIALIZATION 
                   PROGRAM.

       (a) Making the Program Permanent.--
       (1) In general.--Section 1603 of the National Defense 
     Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2014 (Public Law 113-66; 10 
     U.S.C. 2359 note) is amended by striking subsection (g).
       (2) Conforming amendments.--Such section is further 
     amended--
       (A) in the section heading, by striking ``pilot'';
       (B) in subsection (a)--
       (i) by striking ``Pilot''; and
       (ii) by striking ``Pilot''; and
       (C) by striking ``pilot'' each place it appears.
       (b) Additional Improvements.--Such section, as amended by 
     subsection (a), is further amended--
       (1) in the section heading, by inserting ``of dual-use 
     technology'' after ``commercialization'';
       (2) in subsection (a)--
       (A) by inserting ``of Dual-Use Technology'' before 
     ``Program''; and
       (B) by inserting ``with a focus on priority defense 
     technology areas that attract public and private sector 
     funding, as well as private sector investment capital, 
     including from venture capital firms in the United States,'' 
     before ``in accordance'';
       (3) in subsection (c)(4)(A)(iv), by inserting ``, which may 
     include access to venture capital'' after ``award'';
       (4) by striking subsection (d);
       (5) by redesignating subsection (e) as subsection (d);
       (6) by striking subsection (f); and
       (7) by adding at the end the following new subsection (e):
       ``(e) Authorities.--In carrying out this section, the 
     Secretary may use the following authorities:
       ``(1) Section 1599g of title 10 of the United States Code, 
     relating to public-private talent exchanges.
       ``(2) Section 2368 of such title, relating to Centers for 
     Science, Technology, and Engineering Partnerships.
       ``(3) Section 2374a of such title, relating to prizes for 
     advanced technology achievements.
       ``(4) Section 2474 of such title, relating to Centers of 
     Industrial and Technical Excellence.
       ``(5) Section 2521 of such title, relating to the 
     Manufacturing Technology Program.
       ``(6) Section 225 of the National Defense Authorization Act 
     for Fiscal Year 2018 (Public Law 115-91; 10 U.S.C. 2359 
     note).
       ``(7) Section 1711 of such Act (Public Law 115-91; 10 
     U.S.C. 2505 note), relating to a pilot program on 
     strengthening manufacturing in the defense industrial base.
       ``(8) Section 12 of the Stevenson-Wydler Technology 
     Innovation Act of 1980 (15 U.S.C. 3710a) and section 6305 of 
     title 31, United States Code, relating to cooperative 
     research and development agreements.''.

     SEC. 217. MODIFICATION OF DEFENSE QUANTUM INFORMATION SCIENCE 
                   AND TECHNOLOGY RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT 
                   PROGRAM.

       Section 234 of the John S. McCain National Defense 
     Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2019 (Public Law 115-232) 
     is amended--
       (1) in subsection (b)--
       (A) in paragraph (2)--
       (i) by inserting ``and international'' after 
     ``interagency''; and
       (ii) by striking ``private sector'' inserting ``private-
     sector and international''; and
       (B) in paragraph (6), by inserting ``, workforce,'' after 
     ``including facilities'';
       (2) in subsection (c)--
       (A) in paragraph (2), by striking ``sciences;'' and 
     inserting the following: ``sciences, including through 
     coordination with--
       ``(A) the National Quantum Coordination Office;
       ``(B) the National Science and Technology Council Quantum 
     Information Science Subcommittee;
       ``(C) other Federal agencies;
       ``(D) other elements and offices of the Department of 
     Defense; and
       ``(E) appropriate private-sector organizations;'';
       (B) in paragraph (3), by striking ``and'' at the end;
       (C) by redesignating paragraph (4) as paragraph (5); and
       (D) by inserting after paragraph (3) the following new 
     paragraph (4):
       ``(4) develop, in coordination with appropriate Federal 
     entities, a taxonomy for quantum science activities and 
     requirements for relevant technology and standards; and''; 
     and
       (3) in subsection (d)(2)(D), by inserting ``a roadmap and'' 
     after ``including''.

     SEC. 218. TECHNOLOGY AND NATIONAL SECURITY FELLOWSHIP.

       (a) Fellowship Program.--
       (1) In general.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
     the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense, acting 
     through the Under Secretary of Defense for Research and 
     Engineering, shall establish a civilian fellowship program 
     designed to place eligible individuals within the Department 
     of Defense and Congress to increase the number of national 
     security professionals with science, technology, engineering, 
     and mathematics credentials employed by the Department and 
     Congress.
       (2) Designation.--The fellowship program established under 
     paragraph (1) shall be known as the ``Technology and National 
     Security Fellowship'' (in this section referred to as the 
     ``fellows program'').
       (3) Assignments.--Each individual selected for 
     participation in the fellows program shall be assigned to a 
     one year position within--
       (A) the Department of Defense; or
       (B) a congressional office with emphasis on Armed Forces 
     and national security matters.
       (4) Pay and benefits.--Each individual assigned to a 
     position under paragraph (3)--
       (A) shall be compensated at a rate of basic pay that is 
     equivalent to the rate of basic pay payable for a position at 
     level 10 of the General Schedule; and
       (B) shall be treated as an employee of the United States 
     during the assignment.
       (b) Eligible Individuals.--For purposes of this section, 
     and subject to subsection (e), an eligible individual is any 
     individual who--
       (1) is a citizen of the United States; and
       (2) either--
       (A) expects to be awarded an undergraduate or graduate 
     degree that, as determined by the Secretary, focuses on 
     science, technology, engineering, or mathematics course work 
     not later than 180 days after the date on which the 
     individual submits an application for participation in the 
     fellows program; or
       (B) possesses an undergraduate or graduate degree that, as 
     determined by the Secretary, focuses on science, technology, 
     engineering, or mathematics course work that was awarded not 
     earlier than one year before the date on which the individual 
     submits an application for participation in the fellows 
     program.
       (c) Application.--Each individual seeking to participate in 
     the fellows program shall submit to the Secretary an 
     application therefor at such time and in such manner as the 
     Secretary shall specify.
       (d) Coordination.--In carrying out this section, the 
     Secretary may consider working through the following 
     entities:
       (1) The National Security Innovation Network.
       (2) Other Department of Defense or public and private 
     sector organizations, as determined appropriate by the 
     Secretary.
       (e) Modifications to Fellows Program.--The Secretary may 
     modify the terms and procedures of the fellows program in 
     order to better achieve the goals of the program and to 
     support workforce needs of the Department of Defense.
       (f) Consultation.--The Secretary may consult with the heads 
     of the agencies, components, and other elements of the 
     Department of Defense, Members and committees of Congress, 
     and such institutions of higher education and private 
     entities engaged in work on national security and emerging 
     technologies as the Secretary considers appropriate for 
     purposes of the fellows program, including with respect to 
     assignments in the fellows program.

     SEC. 219. DIRECT AIR CAPTURE AND BLUE CARBON REMOVAL 
                   TECHNOLOGY PROGRAM.

       (a) Program Required.--
       (1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense, in coordination 
     with the Secretary of Homeland Security, the Secretary of 
     Energy, and the heads of such other Federal agencies as the 
     Secretary of Defense considers appropriate, shall carry out a 
     program on research, development, testing, evaluation, study, 
     and demonstration of technologies related to blue carbon 
     capture and direct air capture.
       (2) Program goals.--The goals of the program established 
     under paragraph (1) are as follows:
       (A) To develop technologies that capture carbon dioxide 
     from seawater and the air to turn such carbon dioxide into 
     clean fuels to enhance fuel and energy security.
       (B) To develop and demonstrate technologies that capture 
     carbon dioxide from seawater and the air to reuse such carbon 
     dioxide to create products for military uses.
       (C) To develop direct air capture technologies for use--
       (i) at military installations or facilities of the 
     Department of Defense; or
       (ii) in modes of transportation by the Navy or the Coast 
     Guard.
       (3) Phases.--The program established under paragraph (1) 
     shall be carried out in two phases as follows:

[[Page S3873]]

       (A) The first phase shall consist of research and 
     development and shall be carried out as described in 
     subsection (b).
       (B) The second phase shall consist of testing and 
     evaluation and shall be carried out as described in 
     subsection (c), if the Secretary determines that the results 
     of the research and development phase justify implementing 
     the testing and evaluation phase.
       (4) Designation.--The program established under paragraph 
     (1) shall be known as the ``Direct Air Capture and Blue 
     Carbon Removal Technology Program'' (in this section referred 
     to as the ``Program'').
       (b) Research and Development Phase.--
       (1) In general.--During the research and development phase 
     of the Program, the Secretary of Defense shall conduct 
     research and development in pursuit of the goals set forth in 
     subsection (a)(2).
       (2) Direct air capture.--The research and development phase 
     of the Program may include, with respect to direct air 
     capture, a front end engineering and design study that 
     includes an evaluation of direct air capture designs to 
     produce fuel for use--
       (A) at military installations or facilities of the 
     Department of Defense; or
       (B) in modes of transportation by the Navy or the Coast 
     Guard.
       (3) Duration.--The Secretary shall carry out the research 
     and development phase of the Program during a four-year 
     period commencing not later than 90 days after the date of 
     the enactment of this Act.
       (4) Grants authorized.--The Secretary may carry out the 
     research and development phase of the Program through the 
     award of grants to private persons and eligible laboratories.
       (5) Report required.--Not later than 180 days after the 
     date of the completion of the research and development phase 
     of the Program, the Secretary shall submit to Congress a 
     report on the research and development carried out under the 
     Program.
       (6) Funding for fiscal year 2020.--(A) The amount 
     authorized to be appropriated for fiscal year 2020 by section 
     201 for research, development, test, and evaluation is hereby 
     increased by $8,000,000, with the amount of the increase to 
     be available for the research and development phase of the 
     Program.
       (B) The amount authorized to be appropriated for fiscal 
     year 2020 by section 301 for operation and maintenance is 
     hereby decreased by $8,000,000, with the amount of the 
     decrease to be taken from amounts available for printing.
       (7) Authorization of appropriations for future fiscal 
     years.--There is authorized to be appropriated to carry out 
     the research and development phase of the Program $10,000,000 
     for each of fiscal years 2021 through 2023.
       (c) Testing and Evaluation Phase.--
       (1) In general.--During the testing and evaluation phase of 
     the Program, the Secretary shall, in pursuit of the goals set 
     forth in subsection (a)(2), conduct tests and evaluations of 
     the technologies researched and developed during the research 
     and development phase of the Program.
       (2) Direct air capture.--The testing and evaluation phase 
     of the Program may include demonstration projects for direct 
     air capture to produce fuels for use--
       (A) at military installations or facilities of the 
     Department of Defense; or
       (B) in modes of transportation by the Navy or the Coast 
     Guard.
       (3) Duration.--The Secretary shall carry out the testing 
     and evaluation phase of the Program during the three-year 
     period commencing on the date of the completion of the 
     research and development phase described in subsection (b), 
     except that the testing and evaluation phase of the Program 
     with respect to direct air capture may commence at such time 
     after a front end engineering and design study demonstrates 
     to the Secretary that commencement of such phase is 
     appropriate.
       (4) Grants authorized.--The Secretary may carry out the 
     testing and evaluation phase of the Program through the award 
     of grants to private persons and eligible laboratories.
       (5) Locations.--The Secretary shall carry out the testing 
     and evaluation phase of the Program at military installations 
     or facilities of the Department of Defense.
       (6) Report required.--Not later than September 30, 2026, 
     the Secretary shall submit to Congress a report on the 
     findings of the Secretary with respect to the effectiveness 
     of the technologies tested and evaluated under the Program.
       (7) Authorization of appropriations.--There is authorized 
     to be appropriated to carry out the testing and evaluation 
     phase of the Program $15,000,000 for each of fiscal years 
     2024 through 2026.
       (d) Definitions.--In this section:
       (1) The term ``blue carbon capture'' means the removal of 
     dissolved carbon dioxide from seawater through engineered or 
     inorganic processes, including filters, membranes, or phase 
     change systems.
       (2)(A) The term ``direct air capture'', with respect to a 
     facility, technology, or system, means that the facility, 
     technology, or system uses carbon capture equipment to 
     capture carbon dioxide directly from the air.
       (B) The term ``direct air capture'' does not include any 
     facility, technology, or system that captures carbon 
     dioxide--
       (i) that is deliberately released from a naturally 
     occurring subsurface spring; or
       (ii) using natural photosynthesis.
       (3) The term ``eligible laboratory'' means--
       (A) a National Laboratory (as defined in section 2 of the 
     Energy Policy Act of 2005 (42 U.S.C. 15801)); or
       (B) a laboratory of the Department of Defense.

                 Subtitle C--Reports and Other Matters

     SEC. 231. NATIONAL SECURITY EMERGING BIOTECHNOLOGIES RESEARCH 
                   AND DEVELOPMENT PROGRAM.

       (a) Establishment.--The Secretary of Defense shall carry 
     out a research and development program on applications of 
     emerging biotechnologies for the national security purposes 
     set forth in subsection (b).
       (b) National Security Purposes.--The national security 
     purposes set forth in this subsection are as follows:
       (1) To ensure military understanding and relevancy of 
     applications of emerging biotechnologies in meeting national 
     security requirements.
       (2) To coordinate all research and development relating to 
     emerging biotechnologies within the Department of Defense and 
     to provide for interagency cooperation and collaboration on 
     research and development relating to emerging biotechnologies 
     between the Department and other departments and agencies of 
     the United States and appropriate private sector entities 
     that are involved in research and development relating to 
     emerging biotechnologies.
       (3) To develop and manage a portfolio of fundamental and 
     applied emerging biotechnologies research initiatives that is 
     stable, consistent, and balanced across scientific 
     disciplines.
       (4) To collect, synthesize, and disseminate critical 
     information on research and development relating to emerging 
     biotechnologies within the national security establishment.
       (5) To establish and support appropriate research, 
     innovation, and the industrial base, including facilities and 
     infrastructure, to support the needs of Department missions 
     and scientific workforce relating to emerging 
     biotechnologies.
       (6) To develop a technical basis to inform the intelligence 
     community on the analysis needs of the Department with 
     respect to emerging biotechnologies.
       (c) Administration.--In carrying out the program required 
     by subsection (a), the Secretary shall act through the Under 
     Secretary of Defense for Research and Engineering, who shall 
     supervise the planning, management, and coordination of the 
     program. The Under Secretary, in consultation with the 
     Secretaries of the military departments and the heads of 
     participating Defense Agencies and other departments and 
     agencies of the United States, shall--
       (1) prescribe a set of long-term challenges and a set of 
     broad technical goals for the program;
       (2) develop a coordinated and integrated research and 
     investment plan for meeting near-, mid-, and long-term 
     challenges for achieving broad technical goals that build 
     upon the Department's investment in emerging biotechnologies 
     research and development, commercial sector and global 
     investments, and other United States Government investments 
     in emerging biotechnologies fields;
       (3) not later than 180 days after the date of the enactment 
     of this Act, develop and continuously update guidance, 
     including classification guidance for defense-related 
     emerging biotechnologies activities, and policies for 
     restricting access to research to minimize the effects of 
     loss of intellectual property in basic and applied emerging 
     biotechnologies and information considered sensitive to the 
     leadership of the United States in the field of emerging 
     biotechnologies; and
       (4) develop memoranda of agreement, joint funding 
     agreements, and other cooperative arrangements necessary for 
     meeting long-term challenges and achieving specific technical 
     goals.
       (d) Report.--
       (1) In general.--Not later than December 31, 2020, the 
     Secretary shall submit to the congressional defense 
     committees a report on the program carried out under 
     subsection (a).
       (2) Elements.--The report required by paragraph (1) shall 
     include the following:
       (A) An assessment of the potential national security risks 
     of emerging biotechnologies technologies.
       (B) An assessment of the efforts of foreign powers to use 
     emerging biotechnologies for military applications and other 
     purposes.
       (C) A description of the knowledge-base of the Department 
     with respect to emerging biotechnologies, plans to defend 
     against potential national security threats posed by emerging 
     biotechnologies, and any plans of the Secretary to enhance 
     such knowledge-base.
       (D) A plan that describes how the Secretary intends to use 
     emerging biotechnologies for military applications and to 
     meet other needs of the Department.
       (E) A description of activities undertaken consistent with 
     this section, including funding for activities consistent 
     with the section.
       (F) Such other matters as the Secretary considers 
     appropriate.
       (3) Form.--The report submitted under paragraph (1) shall 
     be submitted in unclassified form, but may include a 
     classified annex.
       (e) Definition of Emerging Biotechnologies.--In this 
     section, the term ``emerging biotechnologies'' includes the 
     following:
       (1) Engineered biology, which is the application of 
     engineering design principles and practices to biological, 
     genetic, molecular,

[[Page S3874]]

     and cellular systems to enable novel functions and 
     capabilities.
       (2) Neurotechnology, which refers to central and peripheral 
     nervous system interfaces that leverage structural, 
     computational, and mathematical modeling to develop devices 
     that decode neural activity (identify how it corresponds to a 
     particular behavior or cognitive state, such as sensorimotor 
     function, memory, or neuropsychiatric function) and use this 
     information to deliver targeted interventions or therapies to 
     facilitate performance.
       (3) Performance enhancement, namely technologies that 
     augment human physiology at the cellular, molecular, and 
     physiological levels giving the end user novel or enhanced 
     physical and psychological capabilities.
       (4) Gene editing, including tools that facilitate 
     deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) sequence deletion, replacement, 
     or insertion into cellular or organismal genetic material, 
     thereby modulating genetic function for applications that 
     include treating and preventing disease, and improving 
     function of biological systems.
       (5) Biomolecular sequencing and synthesis, namely the 
     processes by which biomolecular components (such as 
     deoxyribonucleic acid and ribonucleic acid) can be measured 
     (sequencing) or generated (synthesis) for uses in engineering 
     biology, biomanufacturing, and other medical and nonmedical 
     applications.

     SEC. 232. CYBER SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY ACTIVITIES ROADMAP AND 
                   REPORTS.

       (a) Roadmap for Science and Technology Activities to 
     Support Development of Cyber Capabilities.--
       (1) Roadmap required.--The Secretary of Defense, acting 
     through the Under Secretary of Defense for Research and 
     Engineering, shall develop a roadmap for science and 
     technology activities of the Department of Defense to support 
     development of cyber capabilities to meet Department needs 
     and missions.
       (2) Goal of consistency.--The Secretary shall develop the 
     roadmap required by paragraph (1) to ensure consistency with 
     appropriate Federal interagency, industry, and academic 
     activities.
       (3) Scope.--The roadmap required by paragraph (1) shall--
       (A) cover the development of capabilities that will likely 
     see operational use within the next 25 years or earlier; and
       (B) address cyber operations and cybersecurity.
       (4) Consultation.--The Secretary shall develop the roadmap 
     required by paragraph (1) in consultation with the following:
       (A) The Chief Information Officer of the Department.
       (B) The secretaries and chiefs of the military departments.
       (C) The Director of Operational Test and Evaluation.
       (D) The Commander of the United States Cyber Command.
       (E) The Director of the National Security Agency.
       (F) The Director of the Defense Information Systems Agency.
       (G) The Director of the Defense Advanced Research Projects 
     Agency.
       (H) The Director of the Defense Digital Service.
       (5) Form.--The Secretary shall develop the roadmap required 
     by paragraph (1) in unclassified form, but may include a 
     classified annex.
       (6) Publication.--The Secretary shall make available to the 
     public the unclassified form of the roadmap developed 
     pursuant to paragraph (1).
       (b) Annual Report on Cyber Science and Technology 
     Activities.--
       (1) Annual reports required.--In fiscal years 2021, 2022, 
     and 2023, the Under Secretary of Defense for Research and 
     Engineering submit to the Congressional Defense Committees a 
     report on the science and technology activities within the 
     Department of Defense relating to cyber matters during the 
     previous fiscal year, the current fiscal year, and the 
     following fiscal year.
       (2) Contents.--Each report submitted pursuant to paragraph 
     (1) shall include, for the period covered by the report, a 
     description and listing of the science and technology 
     activities of the Department relating to cyber matters, 
     including the following:
       (A) Extramural science and technology activities.
       (B) Intramural science and technology activities.
       (C) Major and minor military construction activities.
       (D) Major prototyping and demonstration programs.
       (E) A list of agreements and activities transition 
     capabilities to acquisition activities, including--
       (i) national security systems;
       (ii) business systems; and
       (iii) enterprise and network systems.
       (F) Efforts to enhance the national technical cybersecurity 
     workforce, including specific programs to support education, 
     training, internships, and hiring.
       (G) Efforts to perform cooperative activities with 
     international partners.
       (H) Efforts under the Small Business Innovation Research 
     and the Small Business Technology Transfer Program, including 
     estimated amounts in the request for the following fiscal 
     year.
       (I) Efforts to encourage partnerships between the 
     Department of Defense and universities participating in the 
     National Centers of Academic Excellence in Cyber Operations 
     and Cyber Defense.
       (3) Timing.--Each report submitted pursuant to paragraph 
     (1) shall be submitted concurrently with the annual budget 
     request of the President submitted pursuant to section 1105 
     of title 31, United States Code.
       (4) Form.--The report submitted under paragraph (1) shall 
     be submitted in unclassified form, but may include a 
     classified annex.

     SEC. 233. REQUIRING CERTAIN MICROELECTRONICS PRODUCTS AND 
                   SERVICES MEET TRUSTED SUPPLY CHAIN AND 
                   OPERATIONAL SECURITY STANDARDS.

       (a) Purchases.--
       (1) In general.--To protect the United States from 
     intellectual property theft and to ensure national security 
     and public safety in the application of new generations of 
     wireless network technology and microelectronics, beginning 
     on January 1, 2022, the Secretary of Defense shall--
       (A) ensure that each critical microelectronics product and 
     service that the Department of Defense purchases on or after 
     such date meets the trusted supply chain and operational 
     security standards established pursuant to subsection (b), 
     except in a case in which the Department seeks to purchase a 
     critical microelectronics product or service, but--
       (i) no such product or service is available for purchase 
     that meets such standards; or
       (ii) no such product or service is available for purchase 
     that--

       (I) meets such standards; and
       (II) is available at a price that the Secretary does not 
     consider prohibitively expensive; and

       (B) to the maximum extent practicable, ensure that each 
     microelectronics product and service, other than a critical 
     microelectronics product and service, that is purchased by 
     the Department of Defense on or after such date meets the 
     trusted supply chain and operational security standards 
     established pursuant to subsection (b).
       (2) Critical microelectronics products and services.--For 
     purposes of this section, a critical microelectronics product 
     or service is a microelectronics product, or a service based 
     on such a product, that is designated by the Secretary as 
     critical to meeting national security needs.
       (b) Trusted Supply Chain and Operational Security 
     Standards.--
       (1) Standards required.--Not later than January 1, 2021, 
     the Secretary shall establish trusted supply chain and 
     operational security standards for the purchase of 
     microelectronics products and services by the Department.
       (2) Consultation required.--In developing standards under 
     paragraph (1), the Secretary shall consult with the 
     following:
       (A) The Secretary of Homeland Security, the Secretary of 
     State, the Secretary of Commerce, and the Director of the 
     National Institute of Standards and Technology.
       (B) Suppliers of microelectronics products and services 
     from the United States and allies and partners of the United 
     States.
       (C) Representatives of major United States industry sectors 
     that rely on a trusted supply chain and the operational 
     security of microelectronics products and services.
       (D) Representatives of the United States insurance 
     industry.
       (3) Tiers of trust and security authorized.--In carrying 
     out paragraph (1), the Secretary may establish tiers of trust 
     and security within the supply chain and operational security 
     standards for microelectronics products and services.
       (4) General applicability.--The standards established 
     pursuant to paragraph (1) shall be, to the greatest extent 
     practicable, generally applicable to the trusted supply chain 
     and operational security needs and use cases of the United 
     States Government and commercial industry, such that the 
     standards could be widely adopted by government and 
     commercial industry.
       (5) Annual review.--Not later than October 1 of each year, 
     the Secretary shall review the standards established pursuant 
     to paragraph (1) and issue updates or modifications as the 
     Secretary considers necessary or appropriate.
       (c) Ensuring Ability to Sell Commercially.--
       (1) In general.--The Secretary shall, to the greatest 
     extent practicable, ensure that suppliers of microelectronics 
     products for the Federal Government who meet the standards 
     established under subsection (b) are able and incentivized to 
     sell products commercially that are produced on the same 
     production lines as the microelectronics products supplied to 
     the Federal Government.
       (2) Effect of requirements and acquisitions.--The Secretary 
     shall, to the greatest extent practicable, ensure that the 
     requirements of the Department and the acquisition by the 
     Department of microelectronics enable the success of a dual-
     use microelectronics industry.
       (d) Maintaining Competition and Innovation.--The Secretary 
     shall take such actions as the Secretary considers necessary 
     and appropriate, within the Secretary's authorized activities 
     to maintain the health of the defense industrial base, to 
     ensure that--
       (1) providers of microelectronics products and services 
     that meet the standards established under subsection (b) are 
     exposed to competitive market pressures to achieve 
     competitive pricing and sustained innovation; and

[[Page S3875]]

       (2) the industrial base of microelectronics products and 
     services that meet the standards established under subsection 
     (b) includes providers producing in or belonging to countries 
     that are allies or partners of the United States.

     SEC. 234. TECHNICAL CORRECTION TO GLOBAL RESEARCH WATCH 
                   PROGRAM.

       Section 2365 of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
       (1) in subsections (a) and (d)(2), by striking ``Assistant 
     Secretary of Defense for Research and Engineering'' both 
     places it appears and inserting ``Under Secretary of Defense 
     for Research and Engineering'';
       (2) in subsections (d)(3) and (e), by striking ``Assistant 
     Secretary'' both places it appears and inserting ``Under 
     Secretary of Defense for Research and Engineering''; and
       (3) in subsection (d), by striking ``Assistant Secretary'' 
     both places it appears and inserting ``Under Secretary''.

     SEC. 235. ADDITIONAL TECHNOLOGY AREAS FOR EXPEDITED ACCESS TO 
                   TECHNICAL TALENT.

       Section 217(e) of the National Defense Authorization Act 
     for Fiscal Year 2018 (Public Law 115-91; 10 U.S.C. 2358 note) 
     is amended--
       (1) by redesignating paragraph (27) as paragraph (29); and
       (2) by inserting after paragraph (26) the following new 
     paragraph (27):
       ``(27) Rapid prototyping.
       ``(28) Infrastructure resilience.''.

     SEC. 236. SENSE OF THE SENATE AND PERIODIC BRIEFINGS ON THE 
                   SECURITY AND AVAILABILITY OF FIFTH-GENERATION 
                   (5G) WIRELESS NETWORK TECHNOLOGY AND 
                   PRODUCTION.

       (a) Sense of the Senate.--It is the sense of the Senate 
     that--
       (1) use of fifth-generation (5G) wireless networks and 
     associated technology will be a foundation for future 
     warfighting applications for the Department of Defense;
       (2) the commercial implementation of fifth-generation 
     wireless networks will provide the high speed and capacity 
     necessary for the Internet of Things, advanced manufacturing, 
     autonomous machines, the application of artificial 
     intelligence, and smart cities, and it is critical that the 
     Department of Defense utilize these new capabilities;
       (3) protecting the innovation and technology that enables 
     these revolutionary developments is essential for security of 
     the Department of Defense mission, and will require improved 
     security of the microelectronics supply chain and of the 
     design and operation of networks based on fifth-generation 
     wireless network technology;
       (4) securing fifth-generation wireless networks and 
     associated technology is required due to the increased 
     effects of military processes that will be enabled on fifth-
     generation wireless networks;
       (5) the Department of Defense can no longer rely on 
     fabricationless business models in which microelectronics 
     manufacturing is located in countries with vulnerable supply 
     chains or adversarial nations known for predatory industrial 
     espionage and posing a military threat to the United States 
     or on small-scale manufacturing of trusted microelectronics 
     in dedicated facilities;
       (6) the Department of Defense should leverage its large 
     procurement budget, sophisticated understanding of the 
     threats to microelectronics supply chains, as well as 
     experience establishing requirements for the secure 
     production of microelectronics and working with trusted 
     foundries to create a secure, competitive, and innovative 
     manufacturing base in cooperation with industry; and
       (7) the Secretary of Defense should act expeditiously to 
     achieve the goals enumerated in this subsection using 
     resources and authorities available to the Department, while 
     encouraging interagency planning for a whole-of-government 
     strategy.
       (b) Periodic Briefings.--
       (1) In general.--Not later than March 15, 2020, and not 
     less frequently than once every three months thereafter until 
     March 15, 2022, the Secretary of Defense shall brief the 
     congressional defense committees on how the Department of 
     Defense--
       (A) is using secure fifth-generation wireless network 
     technology;
       (B) is reshaping the Department's policy for producing and 
     procuring secure microelectronics; and
       (C) working in the interagency and internationally to 
     develop common policies and approaches.
       (2) Elements.--Each briefing under paragraph (1) shall 
     contain information on--
       (A) efforts to ensure a secure supply chain for fifth-
     generation wireless network equipment and microelectronics;
       (B) the continued availability of electromagnetic spectrum 
     for warfighting needs;
       (C) planned implementation of fifth-generation wireless 
     network infrastructure in warfighting networks, base 
     infrastructure, defense-related manufacturing, and logistics;
       (D) steps taken to work with allied and partner countries 
     to protect critical networks and supply chains; and
       (E) such other topics as the Secretary considers relevant.

     SEC. 237. TRANSFER OF COMBATING TERRORISM TECHNICAL SUPPORT 
                   OFFICE.

       (a) Transfer Required.--Not later than March 1, 2020, the 
     Secretary of Defense shall transfer responsibilities for the 
     authority, direction, and control of the Combating Terrorism 
     Technical Support Office from the Assistant Secretary of 
     Defense for Special Operations and Low Intensity Conflict to 
     the Under Secretary of Defense for Research and Engineering.
       (b) Report Required.--
       (1) In general.--Not later than the date that is 30 days 
     before the date of the transfer of responsibilities required 
     by subsection (a), the Secretary shall submit to the 
     congressional defense committees a report on such transfer.
       (2) Contents.--The report submitted under paragraph (1) 
     shall include the following:
       (A) An assessment of the relevance of the roles, 
     responsibilities, and objectives of the Combating Terrorism 
     Technical Support Office to supporting implementation of the 
     National Defense Strategy and recommendations, if any, for 
     changes to the roles, responsibilities, and objectives of the 
     Combating Terrorism Technical Support Office for the purpose 
     of supporting implementation of the National Defense 
     Strategy.
       (B) An articulation of any anticipated efficiencies 
     resulting from the transfer of responsibilities as described 
     in subsection (a).
       (C) Such other matters as the Secretary considers relevant.

     SEC. 238. BRIEFING ON COOPERATIVE DEFENSE TECHNOLOGY PROGRAMS 
                   AND RISKS OF TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER TO CHINA OR 
                   RUSSIA.

       (a) Briefing Required.--Not later than March 1, 2020, the 
     Secretary of Defense, in consultation with the Director of 
     National Intelligence, shall provide the congressional 
     defense committees a briefing, and documents as appropriate, 
     on current cooperative defense technology programs of the 
     Department of Defense with any country the Secretary assesses 
     to be engaged in significant defense or other advanced 
     technology cooperation with the People's Republic of China or 
     the Russian Federation.
       (b) Matters to Be Addressed.--The briefing required by 
     subsection (a) shall address the following matters:
       (1) Whether any current cooperative defense technology 
     programs of the Department of Defense increase the risk of 
     technology transfer to the People's Republic of China or the 
     Russian Federation.
       (2) What actions the Department of Defense has taken to 
     mitigate the risk of technology transfer to the People's 
     Republic of China or the Russian Federation with respect to 
     current cooperative defense technology programs.
       (3) Such recommendations as the Secretary may have for 
     legislative or administrative action to prevent technology 
     transfer to the People's Republic of China or the Russian 
     Federation with respect to cooperative defense technology 
     programs, especially as it relates to capabilities the 
     Secretary assesses to be critical to maintain or restore the 
     comparative military advantage of the United States.
       (c) Notification Required.--The Secretary shall provide the 
     congressional committees a written notification not later 
     than 15 days after any decision to suspend or terminate a 
     cooperative defense technology program due to the risk or 
     occurrence of technology transfer to the People's Republic of 
     China or the Russian Federation.

     SEC. 239. MODIFICATION OF AUTHORITY FOR PRIZES FOR ADVANCED 
                   TECHNOLOGY ACHIEVEMENTS.

       Section 2374a(a) of title 10, United States Code, is 
     amended by striking ``Assistant Secretary of Defense for 
     Research and Engineering'' and inserting ``Under Secretary of 
     Defense for Research and Engineering, the Under Secretary of 
     Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment,''.

     SEC. 240. USE OF FUNDS FOR STRATEGIC ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH 
                   PROGRAM, ENVIRONMENTAL SECURITY TECHNICAL 
                   CERTIFICATION PROGRAM, AND OPERATIONAL ENERGY 
                   CAPABILITY IMPROVEMENT.

       Of the funds authorized to be appropriated for fiscal year 
     2020 for the use of the Department of Defense for research, 
     development, test, and evaluation, as specified in the 
     funding table in section 4201 for the Strategic Environmental 
     Research Program, Operational Energy Capability Improvement, 
     and the Environmental Security Technical Certification 
     Program, the Secretary of Defense shall expend amounts as 
     follows:
       (1) Not less than $10,000,000 on the development and 
     demonstration of long duration on-site energy battery storage 
     for distributed energy assets.
       (2) Not less than $10,000,000 on the development, 
     demonstration, and validation of non-fluorine based 
     firefighting foams.
       (3) Not less than $10,000,000 on the development, 
     demonstration, and validation of secure microgrids for both 
     installations and forward operating bases.
       (4) Not less than $5,000,000 on the development, 
     demonstration, and validation of technologies that can 
     harvest potable water from air.

     SEC. 241. FUNDING FOR THE SEA-LAUNCHED CRUISE MISSILE-NUCLEAR 
                   ANALYSIS OF ALTERNATIVES.

       (a) Availability of Funding.--Of the amount authorized to 
     be appropriated for fiscal year 2020 by section 201 for 
     research, development, test, and evaluation, at least 
     $5,000,000 shall be available for the analysis of 
     alternatives for the Sea-Launched Cruise Missile-Nuclear.
       (b) Program of Record.--The Secretary of Defense shall make 
     the Sea-Launched Cruise Missile-Nuclear a program of record.

     SEC. 242. REVIEW AND ASSESSMENT PERTAINING TO TRANSITION OF 
                   DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE-ORIGINATED DUAL-USE 
                   TECHNOLOGY.

       (a) In General.--The Under Secretary of Defense for 
     Research and Engineering shall--

[[Page S3876]]

       (1) conduct a review of the Department of Defense science 
     and technology enterprise's intellectual property and 
     strategy for awarding exclusive commercial rights to industry 
     partners; and
       (2) assess whether its practices are encouraging or 
     constraining technology diffusion where desirable.
       (b) Elements.--The review and assessment required by 
     subsection (a) shall include consideration of the following:
       (1) The retention or relinquishment by the Department of 
     intellectual property rights and the effect thereof.
       (2) The granting by the Department of exclusive commercial 
     rights and the effect thereof.
       (3) The potential of research prizes, vice payment and 
     exclusive commercial rights, on contract as remuneration for 
     science and technology activities.
       (4) The potential of science and technology programs with 
     intellectual property strategies that do not include 
     commercialization monopolies.
       (5) The potential of establishing price ceilings for 
     licenses and commercial sale mandates to discourage selective 
     commercial hoarding.
       (6) The activities of the Department in effect on the day 
     before the date of the enactment of this Act to promulgate to 
     approved users in the commercial sector the intellectual 
     property that the Department retains and their potential 
     applications.
       (7) Such other major factors as may inhibit the diffusion 
     of Department-funded technology in the commercial sector 
     where desirable.
       (c) University Partnership.--In carrying out subsection 
     (a), the Under Secretary shall partner with a business school 
     or law school of a university with resident economics and 
     intellectual property expertise.
       (d) Report.--
       (1) In general.--Not later than May 1, 2020, the Under 
     Secretary shall submit to the congressional defense 
     committees a report on the findings of the Under Secretary 
     with respect to the review and assessment required by 
     subsection (a).
       (2) Recommendations.--The report required by paragraph (1) 
     shall include such recommendations as the Under Secretary may 
     have for legislative or administrative action to improve the 
     diffusion of the intellectual property and technology of the 
     science and technology enterprise of the Department.

                  TITLE III--OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE

              Subtitle A--Authorization of Appropriations

     SEC. 301. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

       Funds are hereby authorized to be appropriated for fiscal 
     year 2020 for the use of the Armed Forces and other 
     activities and agencies of the Department of Defense for 
     expenses, not otherwise provided for, for operation and 
     maintenance, as specified in the funding table in section 
     4301.

                   Subtitle B--Energy and Environment

     SEC. 311. USE OF OPERATIONAL ENERGY COST SAVINGS OF 
                   DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE.

       Section 2912 of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
       (1) in subsection (a), by striking ``subsection (b)'' and 
     inserting ``subsection (b) or (c), as the case may be,'';
       (2) in subsection (b), in the matter preceding paragraph 
     (1), by striking ``The Secretary of Defense'' and inserting 
     ``Except as provided in subsection (c) with respect to 
     operational energy cost savings, the Secretary of Defense'';
       (3) by redesignating subsection (c) as subsection (d); and
       (4) by inserting after subsection (b) the following new 
     subsection (c):
       ``(c) Use of Operational Energy Cost Savings.--The amount 
     that remains available for obligation under subsection (a) 
     that relates to operational energy cost savings realized by 
     the Department shall be used for the implementation of 
     additional operational energy resilience, efficiencies, 
     mission assurance, energy conservation, or energy security 
     within the department, agency, or instrumentality that 
     realized that savings.''.

     SEC. 312. USE OF PROCEEDS FROM SALES OF ELECTRICAL ENERGY 
                   GENERATED FROM GEOTHERMAL RESOURCES.

       Section 2916(b) of title 10, United States Code, is 
     amended--
       (1) in paragraph (1), by striking ``Except as provided in 
     paragraph (3), proceeds'' and inserting ``Proceeds''; and
       (2) by striking paragraph (3).

     SEC. 313. ENERGY RESILIENCE PROGRAMS AND ACTIVITIES.

       (a) Modification of Annual Energy Management and Resilience 
     Report.--Section 2925(a) of title 10, United States Code, is 
     amended--
       (1) in the subsection heading, by inserting ``and 
     Readiness'' after ``Mission Assurance'';
       (2) in the matter preceding paragraph (1), by inserting 
     ``The Secretary shall ensure that mission operators of 
     critical facilities provide to personnel of military 
     installations any information necessary for the completion of 
     such report.'' after ``by the Secretary.'';
       (3) in paragraph (4), in the matter preceding subparagraph 
     (A), by striking ``megawatts'' and inserting ``electric and 
     thermal loads''; and
       (4) in paragraph (5), by striking ``megawatts'' and 
     inserting ``electric and thermal loads''.
       (b) Funding for Energy Program Offices.--
       (1) In general.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
     the enactment of this Act, the Secretaries of the military 
     departments shall submit to the congressional defense 
     committees a report stating whether the program offices 
     specified in paragraph (2) are funded--
       (A) at proper levels to ensure that the energy resilience 
     requirements of the Department of Defense are met; and
       (B) at levels that are not less than in any previous fiscal 
     year.
       (2) Program offices specified.--The program offices 
     specified in this paragraph are the following:
       (A) The Power Reliability Enhancement Program of the Army.
       (B) The Office of Energy Initiatives of the Army.
       (C) The Office of Energy Assurance of the Air Force.
       (D) The Resilient Energy Program Office of the Navy.
       (3) Funding plan.--
       (A) In general.--The Secretaries of the military 
     departments shall include in the report submitted under 
     paragraph (1) a funding plan for the next five fiscal years 
     beginning after the date of the enactment of this Act to 
     ensure that funding levels are, at a minimum, maintained 
     during that period.
       (B) Elements.--The funding plan under subparagraph (A) 
     shall include, for each fiscal year covered by the plan, an 
     identification of the amounts to be used for the 
     accomplishment of energy resilience goals and objectives.
       (c) Establishment of Targets for Water Use.--The Secretary 
     of Defense shall, where life-cycle cost-effective, improve 
     water use efficiency and management by the Department of 
     Defense, including storm water management, by--
       (1) installing water meters and collecting and using water 
     balance data of buildings and facilities to improve water 
     conservation and management;
       (2) reducing industrial, landscaping, and agricultural 
     water consumption in gallons by two percent annually through 
     fiscal year 2030 relative to a baseline of such consumption 
     by the Department in fiscal year 2010; and
       (3) installing appropriate sustainable infrastructure 
     features on installations of the Department to help with 
     storm water and wastewater management.

     SEC. 314. NATIVE AMERICAN INDIAN LANDS ENVIRONMENTAL 
                   MITIGATION PROGRAM.

       (a) In General.--Chapter 160 of title 10, United States 
     Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new 
     section:

     ``Sec. 2712. Native American lands environmental mitigation 
       program

       ``(a) Establishment.--The Secretary of Defense may 
     establish and carry out a program to mitigate the 
     environmental effects of actions by the Department of Defense 
     on Indian lands and culturally connected locations.
       ``(b) Program Activities.--The activities that may be 
     carried out under the program established under subsection 
     (a) are the following:
       ``(1) Identification, investigation, and documentation of 
     suspected environmental effects attributable to past actions 
     by the Department of Defense.
       ``(2) Development of mitigation options for such 
     environmental effects, including development of cost-to-
     complete estimates and a system for prioritizing mitigation 
     actions.
       ``(3) Direct mitigation actions that the Secretary 
     determines are necessary and appropriate to mitigate the 
     adverse environmental effects of past actions by the 
     Department.
       ``(4) Demolition and removal of unsafe buildings and 
     structures used by, under the jurisdiction of, or formerly 
     used by or under the jurisdiction of the Department.
       ``(5) Training, technical assistance, and administrative 
     support to facilitate the meaningful participation of Indian 
     tribes in mitigation actions under the program.
       ``(6) Development and execution of a policy governing 
     consultation with Indian tribes that have been or may be 
     affected by action by the Department, including training 
     personnel of the Department to ensure compliance with the 
     policy.
       ``(c) Cooperative Agreements.--(1) In carrying out the 
     program established under subsection (a), the Secretary of 
     Defense may enter into a cooperative agreement with an Indian 
     tribe or an instrumentality of tribal government.
       ``(2) Notwithstanding chapter 63 of title 31, a cooperative 
     agreement under this section may be used to acquire property 
     or services for the direct benefit of the United States 
     Government.
       ``(3) A cooperative agreement under this section for the 
     procurement of severable services may begin in one fiscal 
     year and end in another fiscal year only if the total period 
     of performance does not exceed two calendar years.
       ``(d) Definitions.--In this section:
       ``(1) The term `Indian land' includes--
       ``(A) any land located within the boundaries and a part of 
     an Indian reservation, pueblo, or rancheria;
       ``(B) any land that has been allotted to an individual 
     Indian but has not been conveyed to such Indian with full 
     power of alienation;
       ``(C) Alaska Native village and regional corporation lands; 
     and

[[Page S3877]]

       ``(D) lands and waters upon which any Federally recognized 
     Indian tribe has rights reserved by treaty, act of Congress, 
     or action by the President.
       ``(2) The term `Indian tribe' has the meaning given such 
     term in section 2701(d)(4)(A) of this title.
       ``(3) The term `culturally connected location' means a 
     location or place that has demonstrable significance to 
     Indians or Alaska Natives based on its association with the 
     traditional beliefs, customs, and practices of a living 
     community, including locations or places where religious, 
     ceremonial, subsistence, medicinal, economic, or other 
     lifeways practices have historically taken place.''.
       (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the 
     beginning of chapter 160 of such title is amended by 
     inserting after the item relating to section 2711 the 
     following new item:

``2712. Native American lands environmental mitigation program.''.

     SEC. 315. REIMBURSEMENT OF ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY 
                   FOR CERTAIN COSTS IN CONNECTION WITH THE TWIN 
                   CITIES ARMY AMMUNITION PLANT, MINNESOTA.

       (a) Transfer Amount.--Notwithstanding section 2215 of title 
     10, United States Code, the Secretary of Defense may transfer 
     to the Administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency--
       (1) in fiscal year 2020, not more than $890,790; and
       (2) in each of fiscal years 2021 through 2026, not more 
     than $150,000.
       (b) Purpose of Reimbursement.--The amount authorized to be 
     transferred under subsection (a) is to reimburse the 
     Environmental Protection Agency for costs the Agency has 
     incurred and will incur relating to the response actions 
     performed at the Twin Cities Army Ammunition Plant, 
     Minnesota, through September 30, 2025.
       (c) Interagency Agreement.--The reimbursement described in 
     subsection (b) is intended to satisfy certain terms of the 
     interagency agreement entered into by the Department of the 
     Army and the Environmental Protection Agency for the Twin 
     Cities Army Ammunition Plant that took effect in December 
     1987 and that provided for the recovery of expenses by the 
     Agency from the Department of the Army.

     SEC. 316. PROHIBITION ON USE OF PERFLUOROALKYL SUBSTANCES AND 
                   POLYFLUOROALKYL SUBSTANCES FOR LAND-BASED 
                   APPLICATIONS OF FIREFIGHTING FOAM.

       (a) Limitation.--After October 1, 2022, no funds of the 
     Department of Defense may be obligated or expended to procure 
     firefighting foam that contains in excess of one part per 
     billion of perfluoroalkyl substances and polyfluoroalkyl 
     substances.
       (b) Prohibition on Use and Disposal of Existing Stocks.--
     Not later than October 1, 2023, the Secretary of Defense 
     shall--
       (1) cease the use of firefighting foam containing in excess 
     of one part per billion of perfluoroalkyl substances and 
     polyfluoroalkyl substances; and
       (2) dispose of all existing stocks of such firefighting 
     foam in accordance with the Solid Waste Disposal Act (42 
     U.S.C. 6901 et seq.).
       (c) Exemption for Shipboard Use.--Subsections (a) and (b) 
     shall not apply to firefighting foam for use solely onboard 
     ocean-going vessels.
       (d) Definitions.--In this section:
       (1) Perfluoroalkyl substances.--The term ``perfluoroalkyl 
     substances'' means aliphatic substances for which all of the 
     H atoms attached to C atoms in the nonfluorinated substance 
     from which they are notionally derived have been replaced by 
     F atoms, except those H atoms whose substitution would modify 
     the nature of any functional groups present.
       (2) Polyfluoroalkyl substances.--The term ``polyfluoroalkyl 
     substances'' means aliphatic substances for which all H atoms 
     attached to at least one (but not all) C atoms have been 
     replaced by F atoms, in such a manner that they contain the 
     perfluoroalkyl moiety CnF2n+1_ (for 
     example, 
     C8F17CH2CH2OH).

     SEC. 317. TRANSFER AUTHORITY FOR FUNDING OF STUDY AND 
                   ASSESSMENT ON HEALTH IMPLICATIONS OF PER- AND 
                   POLYFLUOROALKYL SUBSTANCES CONTAMINATION IN 
                   DRINKING WATER BY AGENCY FOR TOXIC SUBSTANCES 
                   AND DISEASE REGISTRY.

       Section 316(a)(2)(B)(ii) of the National Defense 
     Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2018 (Public Law 115-91; 
     131 Stat. 1350), as amended by section 315(a) of the John S. 
     McCain National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 
     2019 (Public Law 115-232), is amended by striking ``2019 and 
     2020'' and inserting ``2019, 2020, and 2021''.

     SEC. 318. COOPERATIVE AGREEMENTS WITH STATES TO ADDRESS 
                   CONTAMINATION BY PERFLUOROALKYL AND 
                   POLYFLUOROALKYL SUBSTANCES.

       (a) Cooperative Agreements.--
       (1) In general.--Upon request from the Governor or chief 
     executive of a State, the Secretary of Defense shall work 
     expeditiously, pursuant to section 2701(d) of title 10, 
     United States Code, to finalize a cooperative agreement, or 
     amend an existing cooperative agreement to address testing, 
     monitoring, removal, and remedial actions relating to the 
     contamination or suspected contamination of drinking, 
     surface, or ground water from PFAS originating from 
     activities of the Department of Defense by providing the 
     mechanism and funding for the expedited review and approval 
     of documents of the Department related to PFAS investigations 
     and remedial actions from an active or decommissioned 
     military installation, including a facility of the National 
     Guard.
       (2) Minimum standards.--A cooperative agreement finalized 
     or amended under paragraph (1) shall meet or exceed the most 
     stringent of the following standards for PFAS in any 
     environmental media:
       (A) An enforceable State standard, in effect in that State, 
     for drinking, surface, or ground water, as described in 
     section 121(d)(2)(A)(ii) of the Comprehensive Environmental 
     Response, Compensation, and Liability Act of 1980 (42 U.S.C. 
     9621(d)(2)(A)(ii)).
       (B) An enforceable Federal standard for drinking, surface, 
     or ground water, as described in section 121(d)(2)(A)(i) of 
     the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and 
     Liability Act of 1980 (42 U.S.C. 9621(d)(2)(A)(i)).
       (b) Report.--Beginning on February 1, 2020, if a 
     cooperative agreement is not finalized or amended under 
     subsection (a) within one year after the request from the 
     Governor or chief executive under that subsection, and 
     annually thereafter, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to 
     the appropriate committees and Members of Congress a report--
       (1) explaining why the agreement has not been finalized or 
     amended, as the case may be; and
       (2) setting forth a projected timeline for finalizing or 
     amending the agreement.
       (c) Definitions.--In this section:
       (1) Appropriate committees and members of congress.--The 
     term ``appropriate committees and Members of Congress'' 
     means--
       (A) the congressional defense committees;
       (B) the Senators who represent a State impacted by PFAS 
     contamination described in subsection (a)(1); and
       (C) the Members of the House of Representatives who 
     represent a district impacted by such contamination.
       (2) Fully fluorinated carbon atom.--The term ``fully 
     fluorinated carbon atom'' means a carbon atom on which all 
     the hydrogen substituents have been replaced by fluorine.
       (3) PFAS.--The term ``PFAS'' means perfluoroalkyl and 
     polyfluoroalkyl substances that are man-made chemicals with 
     at least one fully fluorinated carbon atom.
       (4) State.--The term ``State'' has the meaning given the 
     term in section 101 of the Comprehensive Environmental 
     Response, Compensation, and Liability Act of 1980 (42 U.S.C. 
     9601).

     SEC. 319. MODIFICATION OF DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE ENVIRONMENTAL 
                   RESTORATION AUTHORITIES TO INCLUDE FEDERAL 
                   GOVERNMENT FACILITIES USED BY NATIONAL GUARD.

       (a) Definition of Facility.--Section 2700(2) of title 10, 
     United States Code, is amended--
       (1) by striking ``The terms'' and inserting ``(A) The 
     terms''; and
       (2) by adding at the end the following new subparagraph:
       ``(B) The term `facility' includes real property that is 
     owned by, leased to, or otherwise possessed by the United 
     States at locations at which military activities are 
     conducted under this title or title 32 (including real 
     property owned or leased by the Federal Government that is 
     licensed to and operated by a State for training for the 
     National Guard).''.
       (b) Inclusion of Pollutants and Contaminants in 
     Environmental Response Actions.--Section 2701(c) of such 
     title is amended by inserting ``or pollutants or 
     contaminants'' after ``hazardous substances'' each place it 
     appears.
       (c) Establishment of Environmental Restoration Accounts.--
     Section 2703(a) of such title is amended by adding at the end 
     the following new paragraphs:
       ``(6) An account to be known as the `Environmental 
     Restoration Account, Army National Guard' (for real property 
     owned or leased by the Federal Government that is licensed to 
     and operated by a State for training for the Army National 
     Guard).
       ``(7) An account to be known as the `Environmental 
     Restoration Account, Air National Guard' (for real property 
     owned or leased by the Federal Government that is licensed to 
     and operated by a State for training for the Air National 
     Guard).''.

     SEC. 320. BUDGETING OF DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE RELATING TO 
                   EXTREME WEATHER.

       (a) In General.--The Secretary of Defense shall include in 
     the annual budget submission of the President under section 
     1105(a) of title 31, United States Code--
       (1) a dedicated budget line item for adaptation to, and 
     mitigation of, effects of extreme weather on military 
     networks, systems, installations, facilities, and other 
     assets and capabilities of the Department of Defense; and
       (2) an estimate of the anticipated adverse impacts to the 
     readiness of the Department and the financial costs to the 
     Department during the year covered by the budget of the loss 
     of, or damage to, military networks, systems, installations, 
     facilities, and other assets and capabilities of the 
     Department, including loss of or obstructed access to 
     training ranges, as a result extreme weather events.
       (b) Disaggregation of Impacts and Costs.--The estimate 
     under subsection (a)(2) shall set forth the adverse readiness 
     impacts and financial costs under that subsection by military 
     department, Defense Agency, and

[[Page S3878]]

     other component or element of the Department.
       (c) Extreme Weather Defined.--In this section, the term 
     ``extreme weather'' means recurrent flooding, drought, 
     desertification, wildfires, and thawing permafrost.

     SEC. 321. PILOT PROGRAM FOR AVAILABILITY OF WORKING-CAPITAL 
                   FUNDS FOR INCREASED COMBAT CAPABILITY THROUGH 
                   ENERGY OPTIMIZATION.

       (a) In General.--Notwithstanding section 2208 of title 10, 
     United States Code, the Secretary of Defense and the military 
     departments may use a working capital fund established 
     pursuant to that section for expenses directly related to 
     conducting a pilot program for energy optimization 
     initiatives described in subsection (b).
       (b) Energy Optimization Initiatives.--Energy optimization 
     initiatives covered by the pilot program include the 
     research, development, procurement, installation, and 
     sustainment of technologies or weapons system platforms, and 
     the manpower required to do so, that would improve the 
     efficiency and maintainability, extend the useful life, lower 
     maintenance costs, or provide performance enhancement of the 
     weapon system platform or major end item.
       (c) Limitation on Certain Projects.--Funds may not be used 
     pursuant to subsection (a) for--
       (1) any product improvement that significantly changes the 
     performance envelope of an end item; or
       (2) any single component with an estimated total cost in 
     excess of $10,000,000.
       (d) Limitation in Fiscal Year Pending Timely Report.--If 
     during any fiscal year the report required by paragraph (1) 
     of subsection (e) is not submitted by the date specified in 
     paragraph (2) of that subsection, funds may not be used 
     pursuant to subsection (a) during the period--
       (1) beginning on the date specified in such paragraph (2); 
     and
       (2) ending on the date of the submittal of the report.
       (e) Annual Report.--
       (1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense shall submit an 
     annual report to the congressional defense committees on the 
     use of the authority under subsection (a) during the 
     preceding fiscal year.
       (2) Deadline for submittal.--The report required by 
     paragraph (1) in a fiscal year shall be submitted not later 
     than 60 days after the date of the submittal to Congress of 
     the budget of the President for the succeeding fiscal year 
     pursuant to section 1105 of title 31, United States Code.
       (3) Recommendation.--In the case of the report required to 
     be submitted under paragraph (1) during fiscal year 2020, the 
     report shall include the recommendation of the Secretary of 
     Defense and the military departments regarding whether the 
     authority under subsection (a) should be made permanent.
       (f) Sunset.--The authority under subsection (a) shall 
     expire on October 1, 2024.

     SEC. 322. REPORT ON EFFORTS TO REDUCE HIGH ENERGY INTENSITY 
                   AT MILITARY INSTALLATIONS.

       (a) Report.--
       (1) Report required.--Not later than September 1, 2020, the 
     Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment, 
     in conjunction with the assistant secretaries responsible for 
     installations and environment for the military departments 
     and the Defense Logistics Agency, shall submit to the 
     congressional defense committees a report detailing the 
     efforts to achieve cost savings at military installations 
     with high energy intensity.
       (2) Elements.--The report required under paragraph (1) 
     shall include the following elements:
       (A) A comprehensive, installation-specific assessment of 
     feasible and mission-appropriate energy initiatives 
     supporting energy production and consumption at military 
     installations with high energy intensity.
       (B) An assessment of current sources of energy in areas 
     with high energy intensity and potential future sources that 
     are technologically feasible, cost-effective, and mission-
     appropriate for military installations.
       (C) A comprehensive implementation strategy to include 
     required investment for feasible energy efficiency options 
     determined to be the most beneficial and cost-effective, 
     where appropriate, and consistent with priorities of the 
     Department of Defense.
       (D) An explanation on how the military departments are 
     working collaboratively in order to leverage lessons learned 
     on potential energy efficiency solutions.
       (E) An assessment of the extent to which activities 
     administered under the Federal Energy Management Program of 
     the Department of Energy could be used to assist with the 
     implementation strategy under subparagraph (C).
       (F) An assessment of State and local partnership 
     opportunities that could achieve efficiency and cost savings, 
     and any legislative authorities required to carry out such 
     partnerships or agreements.
       (3) Coordination with state, local, and other entities.--In 
     preparing the report required under paragraph (1), the Under 
     Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment may work 
     in conjunction and coordinate with the States containing 
     areas of high energy intensity, local communities, and other 
     Federal agencies.
       (b) Definition.--In this section, the term ``high energy 
     intensity'' means costs for the provision of energy by 
     kilowatt of electricity or British Thermal Unit of heat or 
     steam for a military installation in the United States that 
     is in the highest 20 percent of all military installations 
     for a military department.

     SEC. 323. TECHNICAL AND GRAMMATICAL CORRECTIONS AND REPEAL OF 
                   OBSOLETE PROVISIONS RELATING TO ENERGY.

       (a) Technical and Grammatical Corrections.--
       (1) Technical corrections.--Title 10, United States Code, 
     is amended--
       (A) in section 2913(c), by striking ``government'' and 
     inserting ``government or''; and
       (B) in section 2926(d)(1), in the second sentence, by 
     striking ``Defense Agencies'' and inserting ``the Defense 
     Agencies''.
       (2) Grammatical corrections.--Such title is further 
     amended--
       (A) in section 2922a(d), by striking ``resilience are 
     prioritized and included'' and inserting ``energy resilience 
     are included as critical factors''; and
       (B) in section 2925(a)(3), by striking ``impacting energy'' 
     and all that follows through the period at the end and 
     inserting ``degrading energy resilience at military 
     installations (excluding planned outages for maintenance 
     reasons), whether caused by on- or off-installation 
     disruptions, including the total number of outages and their 
     locations, the duration of each outage, the financial effect 
     of each outage, whether or not the mission was affected, the 
     downtimes (in minutes or hours) the mission can afford based 
     on mission requirements and risk tolerances, the responsible 
     authority managing the utility, and measures taken to 
     mitigate the outage by the responsible authority.''.
       (b) Clarification of Applicability of Conflicting 
     Amendments Made by 2018 Defense Authorization Act.--Section 
     2911(e) of such title is amended--
       (1) by striking paragraphs (1) and (2) and inserting the 
     following new paragraphs:
       ``(1) Opportunities to reduce the current rate of 
     consumption of energy, the future demand for energy, and the 
     requirement for the use of energy.
       ``(2) Opportunities to enhance energy resilience to ensure 
     the Department of Defense has the ability to prepare for and 
     recover from energy disruptions that affect mission assurance 
     on military installations.''; and
       (2) by striking the second paragraph (13).
       (c) Conforming and Clerical Amendments.--
       (1) Heading amendment.--The heading of section 2926 of such 
     title is amended to read as follows:

     ``Sec. 2926. Operational energy''.

       (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at the 
     beginning of chapter 173 of such title is amended by striking 
     the item relating to section 2926 and inserting the following 
     new item:

``2926. Operational energy.''.

                 Subtitle C--Logistics and Sustainment

     SEC. 331. REQUIREMENT FOR MEMORANDA OF UNDERSTANDING BETWEEN 
                   THE AIR FORCE AND THE NAVY REGARDING DEPOT 
                   MAINTENANCE.

       Before the Secretary of the Navy transfers any maintenance 
     action on a platform to a depot under the jurisdiction of the 
     Secretary of the Air Force or the Secretary of the Air Force 
     transfers any maintenance action on a platform to a depot 
     under the jurisdiction of the Secretary of the Navy, the Air 
     Logistics Complex Commander and the Commander of Naval Air 
     Systems Command shall enter into a joint memorandum of 
     understanding that lists out responsibilities for work and 
     technical oversight responsibilities for such maintenance.

     SEC. 332. MODIFICATION TO LIMITATION ON LENGTH OF OVERSEAS 
                   FORWARD DEPLOYMENT OF NAVAL VESSELS.

       Section 323 of the John S. McCain National Defense 
     Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2019 (Public Law 115-232) 
     is amended--
       (1) by redesignating subsection (c) as subsection (d); and
       (2) by inserting after subsection (b) the following new 
     subsection (c):
       ``(c) Extension of Limitation on Length of Overseas Forward 
     Deployment for U.S.S. Shiloh (CG-67).--Notwithstanding 
     subsection (b), the Secretary of the Navy shall ensure that 
     the U.S.S. Shiloh (CG-67) is assigned a homeport in the 
     United States by not later than September 30, 2023.''.

                          Subtitle D--Reports

     SEC. 341. REPORT ON MODERNIZATION OF JOINT PACIFIC ALASKA 
                   RANGE COMPLEX.

       (a) Report Required.--Not later than May 1, 2020, the 
     Secretary of the Air Force shall submit to the congressional 
     defense committees a report on the long-term modernization of 
     the Joint Pacific Alaska Range Complex (in this section 
     referred to as the ``JPARC'').
       (b) Elements.--The report required under subsection (a) 
     shall include the following:
       (1) An assessment of the requirement for the JPARC to 
     provide realistic training against modern adversaries, 
     including 5th generation adversary aircraft and ground 
     threats, and any current limitations compared to those 
     requirements.
       (2) An assessment of the requirement for JPARC to provide a 
     realistic anti-access area denial training environment and 
     any current limitations compared to those requirements.
       (3) An assessment of the requirement to modernize the JPARC 
     to provide realistic threats in a large-scale, combined-arms 
     near-peer environment and any current limitations in meeting 
     that requirement. The assessment should include--
       (A) target sets;

[[Page S3879]]

       (B) early warning and surveillance systems;
       (C) threat systems;
       (D) real-time communications capacity and security;
       (E) instrumentation and enabling mission data fusion 
     capabilities; and
       (F) such other range deficiencies as the Secretary of the 
     Air Force considers appropriate to identify.
       (4) A plan for balancing coalition training against 
     training only for members of the Armed Forces of the United 
     States at the JPARC.

                       Subtitle E--Other Matters

     SEC. 351. STRATEGY TO IMPROVE INFRASTRUCTURE OF CERTAIN 
                   DEPOTS OF THE DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE.

       (a) Strategy Required.--Not later than October 1, 2020, the 
     Secretary of Defense shall submit to the congressional 
     defense committees a comprehensive strategy for improving the 
     depot infrastructure of the military departments with the 
     objective of ensuring that all covered depots have the 
     capacity and capability to support the readiness and material 
     availability goals of current and future weapon systems of 
     the Department of Defense.
       (b) Elements.--The strategy under subsection (a) shall 
     include the following:
       (1) A comprehensive review of the conditions and 
     performance at each covered depot, including the following:
       (A) An assessment of the current status of the following 
     elements:
       (i) Cost and schedule performance of the depot.
       (ii) Material availability of weapon systems supported at 
     the depot and the impact of the performance of the depot on 
     that availability.
       (iii) Work in progress and non-operational items awaiting 
     depot maintenance.
       (iv) The condition of the depot.
       (v) The backlog of restoration and modernization projects 
     at the depot.
       (vi) The condition of equipment at the depot.
       (B) An identification of analytically based goals relating 
     to the elements identified in subparagraph (A).
       (2) A business-case analysis that assesses investment 
     alternatives comparing cost, performance, risk, and readiness 
     outcomes and recommends an optimal investment approach across 
     the Department of Defense to ensure covered depots 
     efficiently and effectively meet the readiness goals of the 
     Department, including an assessment of the following 
     alternatives:
       (A) The minimum investment necessary to meet investment 
     requirements under section 2476 of title 10, United States 
     Code.
       (B) The investment necessary to ensure the current 
     inventory of facilities at covered depots can meet the 
     mission-capable, readiness, and contingency goals of the 
     Secretary of Defense.
       (C) The investment necessary to execute the depot 
     infrastructure optimization plans of each military 
     department.
       (D) Any other strategies for investment in covered depots, 
     as identified by the Secretary.
       (3) A plan to improve conditions and performance of covered 
     depots that identifies the following:
       (A) The approach of the Secretary of Defense for achieving 
     the goals outlined in paragraph (1)(B).
       (B) The resources and investments required to implement the 
     plan.
       (C) The activities and milestones required to implement the 
     plan.
       (D) A results-oriented approach to assess--
       (i) the progress of each military department in achieving 
     such goals; and
       (ii) the progress of the Department in implementing the 
     plan.
       (E) Organizational roles and responsibilities for 
     implementing the plan.
       (F) A process for conducting regular management review and 
     coordination of the progress of each military department in 
     implementing the plan and achieving such goals.
       (G) The extent to which the Secretary has addressed 
     recommendations made by the Comptroller General of the United 
     States relating to depot operations during the five-year 
     period preceding the date of submittal of the strategy under 
     this section.
       (H) Risks to implementing the plan and mitigation 
     strategies to address those risks.
       (c) Annual Report on Progress.--As part of the annual 
     budget submission of the President under section 1105(a) of 
     title 31, United States Code, the Secretary of Defense shall 
     submit to the congressional defense committees a report 
     describing the progress made in--
       (1) implementing the strategy under subsection (a); and
       (2) achieving the goals outlined in subsection (b)(1)(B).
       (d) Comptroller General Reports.--
       (1) Assessment of strategy.--Not later than January 1, 
     2021, the Comptroller General of the United States shall 
     submit to the congressional defense committees a report 
     assessing the extent to which the strategy under subsection 
     (a) meets the requirements of this section.
       (2) Assessment of implementation.--Not later than April 1, 
     2022, the Comptroller General shall submit to the 
     congressional defense committees a report setting forth an 
     assessment of the extent to which the strategy under 
     subsection (a) has been effectively implemented by each 
     military department and the Secretary of Defense.
       (e) Covered Depot Defined.--In this section, the term 
     ``covered depot'' has the meaning given that term in section 
     2476(e) of title 10, United States Code.

     SEC. 352. LIMITATION ON USE OF FUNDS REGARDING THE BASING OF 
                   KC-46A AIRCRAFT OUTSIDE THE CONTINENTAL UNITED 
                   STATES.

       (a) Report.--
       (1) In general.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
     the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of the Air Force 
     shall submit to Congress a report on the projected plan and 
     timeline for strategic basing of the KC-46A aircraft outside 
     the continental United States.
       (2) Elements.--In considering basing options in the report 
     required by paragraph (1), the Secretary of the Air Force 
     shall consider locations that--
       (A) support day-to-day air refueling operations, operations 
     plans of the combatant commands, and flexibility for 
     contingency operations, and have--
       (i) a strategic location that is essential to the defense 
     of the United States and its interests;
       (ii) receivers for boom or probe-and-drogue combat training 
     opportunities with joint and international partners; and
       (iii) sufficient airfield and airspace availability and 
     capacity to meet requirements; and
       (B) possess facilities that--
       (i) take full advantage of existing infrastructure to 
     provide--

       (I) runways, hangars, and aircrew and maintenance 
     operations; and
       (II) sufficient fuel receipt, storage, and distribution for 
     a five-day peacetime operating stock; and

       (ii) minimize overall construction and operational costs.
       (b) Limitation on Use of Funds.--Not more than 85 percent 
     of the funds authorized to be appropriated by this Act or 
     otherwise made available for fiscal year 2020 for the Air 
     Force for operation and maintenance for the Management 
     Headquarters Program (Program Element 92398F) may be 
     obligated or expended until the Secretary of the Air Force 
     submits the report required by subsection (a) unless the 
     Secretary of the Air Force certifies to Congress that the use 
     of additional funds is mission essential.

     SEC. 353. PREVENTION OF ENCROACHMENT ON MILITARY TRAINING 
                   ROUTES AND MILITARY OPERATIONS AREAS.

       Section 183a of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
       (1) in subsection (c)(6)--
       (A) by striking ``radar or airport surveillance radar 
     operated'' and inserting ``radar, airport surveillance radar, 
     or wide area surveillance over-the-horizon radar operated''; 
     and
       (B) by inserting ``Any setback for a project pursuant to 
     the previous sentence shall not be more than what is 
     determined to be necessary by a technical analysis conducted 
     by the Lincoln Laboratory at the Massachusetts Institute of 
     Technology or any successor entity.'' after ``mitigation 
     options.'';
       (2) in subsection (d)--
       (A) in paragraph (2)(E), by striking ``to a Deputy 
     Secretary of Defense, an Under Secretary of Defense, or a 
     Principal Deputy Under Secretary of Defense'' and inserting 
     ``to the Deputy Secretary of Defense, an Under Secretary of 
     Defense, or a Deputy Under Secretary of Defense'';
       (B) by redesignating paragraph (3) as paragraph (4); and
       (C) by inserting after paragraph (2) the following new 
     paragraph (3):
       ``(3) The governor of a State may recommend to the 
     Secretary of Defense additional geographical areas of concern 
     within that State. Any such recommendation shall be submitted 
     for notice and comment pursuant to paragraph (2)(C).'';
       (3) in subsection (e)(3), by striking ``an under secretary 
     of defense, or a deputy under secretary of defense'' and 
     inserting ``an Under Secretary of Defense, or a Deputy Under 
     Secretary of Defense'';
       (4) in subsection (f), by striking ``from an applicant for 
     a project filed with the Secretary of Transportation pursuant 
     to section 44718 of title 49'' and inserting ``from an entity 
     requesting a review by the Clearinghouse under this 
     section''; and
       (5) in subsection (h)--
       (A) by redesignating paragraphs (3), (4), (5), (6), and (7) 
     as paragraphs (4), (5), (6), (7), and (9), respectively;
       (B) by inserting after paragraph (2) the following new 
     paragraph (3):
       ``(3) The term `governor', with respect to a State, means 
     the chief executive officer of the State.'';
       (C) in paragraph (7), as redesignated by subparagraph (A), 
     by striking ``by the Federal Aviation Administration'' and 
     inserting ``by the Administrator of the Federal Aviation 
     Administration''; and
       (D) by inserting after paragraph (7), as redesignated by 
     subparagraph (A), the following new paragraph:
       ``(8) The term `State' means the several States, the 
     District of Columbia, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, the 
     Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, Guam, the 
     United States Virgin Islands, and American Samoa.''.

     SEC. 354. EXPANSION AND ENHANCEMENT OF AUTHORITIES ON 
                   TRANSFER AND ADOPTION OF MILITARY ANIMALS.

       (a) Transfer and Adoption Generally.--Section 2583 of title 
     10, United States Code, is amended--
       (1) in subsection (a)--

[[Page S3880]]

       (A) in the subsection heading, by inserting ``Transfer or'' 
     before ``Adoption''; and
       (B) by striking ``adoption'' each place it appears and 
     inserting ``transfer or adoption'';
       (2) in subsection (b)--
       (A) in the subsection heading, by inserting ``Transfer or'' 
     before ``Adoption''; and
       (B) in the first sentence, by striking ``adoption'' and 
     inserting ``transfer or adoption''; and
       (C) in the second sentence, striking ``adoptability'' and 
     inserting ``transferability or adoptability'';
       (3) in subsection (c)(1)--
       (A) in the matter preceding subparagraph (A)--
       (i) by inserting ``transfer or'' before ``adoption''; and
       (ii) by inserting ``, by'' after ``recommended priority'';
       (B) in subparagraphs (A) and (B), by inserting ``adoption'' 
     before ``by'';
       (C) in subparagraph (B), by inserting ``or organizations'' 
     after ``persons''; and
       (D) in subparagraph (C), by striking ``by'' and inserting 
     ``transfer to''; and
       (4) in subsection (e)--
       (A) in the subsection heading, by inserting ``or 
     Adopted''after ``Transferred'';
       (B) in paragraphs (1) and (2), by striking ``transferred'' 
     each place it appears and inserting ``transferred or 
     adopted''; and
       (C) in paragraph (2), by striking ``transfer'' each place 
     it appears and inserting ``transfer or adoption''.
       (b) Veterinary Screening and Care for Military Working Dogs 
     to Be Retired.--Such section is further amended--
       (1) by redesignating subsections (f), (g), and (h) as 
     subsections (g), (h), and (i), respectively; and
       (2) by inserting after subsection (e) the following new 
     subsection (f):
       ``(f) Veterinary Screening and Care for Military Working 
     Dogs To Be Retired.--(1)(A) If the Secretary of the military 
     department concerned determines that a military working dog 
     should be retired, such Secretary shall transport the dog to 
     the Veterinary Treatment Facility at Lackland Air Force Base, 
     Texas.
       ``(B) In the case of a contract working dog to be retired, 
     transportation required by subparagraph (A) is satisfied by 
     the transfer of the dog to the 341st Training Squadron at the 
     end of the dog's service life as required by section 2410r of 
     this title and assignment of the dog to the Veterinary 
     Treatment Facility referred to in that subparagraph.
       ``(2)(A) The Secretary of Defense shall ensure that each 
     dog transported as described in paragraph (1) to the 
     Veterinary Treatment Facility referred to in that paragraph 
     is provided with a full veterinary screening, and necessary 
     veterinary care (including surgery for any mental, dental, or 
     stress-related illness), before transportation of the dog in 
     accordance with subsection (g).
       ``(B) For purposes of this paragraph, stress-related 
     illness includes illness in connection with post-traumatic 
     stress, anxiety that manifests in a physical ailment, 
     obsessive compulsive behavior, and any other stress-related 
     ailment.
       ``(3) Transportation is not required under paragraph (1), 
     and screening and care is not required under paragraph (2), 
     for a military working dog located outside the United States 
     if the Secretary of the military department concerned 
     determines that transportation of the dog to the United 
     States would not be in the best interests of the dog for 
     medical reasons.''.
       (c) Coordination of Screening and Care Requirements With 
     Transportation Requirements.--Subsection (g) of such section, 
     as redesignated by subsection (b)(1) of this section, is 
     amended to read as follows:
       ``(g) Transportation of Retiring Military Working Dogs.--
     Upon completion of veterinary screening and care for a 
     military working dog to be retired pursuant to subsection 
     (f), the Secretary of the military department concerned 
     shall--
       ``(1) if the dog was at a location outside the United 
     States immediately prior to transportation for such screening 
     and care and a United States citizen or member of the armed 
     forces living abroad agrees to adopt the dog, transport the 
     dog to such location for adoption; or
       ``(2) for any other dog, transport the dog--
       ``(A) to the 341st Training Squadron;
       ``(B) to another location within the United States for 
     transfer or adoption under this section.''.
       (d) Preservation of Policy on Transfer of Military Working 
     Dogs to Law Enforcement Agencies.--Subsection (h) of such 
     section, as so redesignated, is amended in paragraph (3) by 
     striking ``adoption of military working dogs'' and all that 
     follows through the period at the end and inserting 
     ``transfer of military working dogs to law enforcement 
     agencies before the end of the dogs' useful working lives.''.
       (e) Clarification of Horses Treatable as Military 
     Animals.--Subsection (i) of such section, as so redesignated, 
     is amended by striking paragraph (2) and inserting the 
     following new paragraph (2):
       ``(2) An equid (horse, mule, or donkey) owned by the 
     Department of Defense.''.
       (f) Contract Term for Contract Working Dogs.--Section 
     2410r(a) of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
       (1) by inserting ``, and shall contain a contract term,'' 
     after ``shall require'';
       (2) by inserting ``and assigned for veterinary screening 
     and care in accordance with section 2583 of this title'' 
     after ``341st Training Squadron''; and
       (3) by striking ``section 2583 of this title'' and 
     inserting ``such section''.

     SEC. 355. LIMITATION ON CONTRACTING RELATING TO DEFENSE 
                   PERSONAL PROPERTY PROGRAM.

       (a) Contracting Prohibition.--The Secretary of Defense may 
     not enter into or award any single or multiple-award contract 
     to a single-source or multiple-vendor commercial provider for 
     the management of the Defense Personal Property Program 
     during the period beginning on the date of the enactment of 
     this Act and ending on the date that is 60 days after the 
     date on which the Comptroller General of the United States 
     submits to the congressional defense committees a report on 
     the administration of the Defense Personal Property Program, 
     which was requested by the Committee on Armed Services of the 
     Senate to be submitted to the congressional defense 
     committees not later than February 15, 2020.
       (b) Review of Proposals.--Nothing in this section shall be 
     construed as preventing the Secretary of Defense from 
     reviewing or evaluating any solicited or unsolicited 
     proposals to improve the Defense Personal Property Program.

     SEC. 356. PROHIBITION ON SUBJECTIVE UPGRADES BY COMMANDERS OF 
                   UNIT RATINGS IN MONTHLY READINESS REPORTING ON 
                   MILITARY UNITS.

       (a) In General.--The Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff 
     shall modify Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff 
     Instruction (CJCSI) 3401.02B, on Force Readiness Reporting, 
     to prohibit the commander of a military unit who is 
     responsible for monthly reporting of the readiness of the 
     unit under the instruction from making any upgrade of the 
     overall rating of the unit (commonly referred to as the ``C-
     rating'') for such reporting purposes based in whole or in 
     part on subjective factors.
       (b) Waiver.--
       (1) In general.--The modification required by subsection 
     (a) shall authorize an officer in a general or flag officer 
     grade in the chain of command of a commander described in 
     that subsection to waive the prohibition described in that 
     subsection in connection with readiness reporting on the unit 
     concerned if the officer considers the waiver appropriate in 
     the circumstances.
       (2) Reporting on waivers.--Each report on personnel and 
     unit readiness submitted to Congress for a calendar year 
     quarter pursuant to section 482 of title 10, United States 
     Code, shall include information on each waiver, if any, 
     issued pursuant to paragraph (1) during such calendar year 
     quarter.

     SEC. 357. EXTENSION OF TEMPORARY INSTALLATION REUTILIZATION 
                   AUTHORITY FOR ARSENALS, DEPOTS, AND PLANTS.

       Section 345(d) of the National Defense Authorization Act 
     for Fiscal Year 2018 (Public Law 115-91; 10 U.S.C. 2667 note) 
     is amended by striking ``September 30, 2020'' and inserting 
     ``September 30, 2025''.

     SEC. 358. CLARIFICATION OF FOOD INGREDIENT REQUIREMENTS FOR 
                   FOOD OR BEVERAGES PROVIDED BY THE DEPARTMENT OF 
                   DEFENSE.

       (a) In General.--Before making any final rule, statement, 
     or determination regarding the limitation or prohibition of 
     any food or beverage ingredient in military food service, 
     military medical foods, commissary food, or commissary food 
     service, the Secretary of Defense shall publish in the 
     Federal Register a notice of a preliminary rule, statement, 
     or determination (in this section referred to as a ``proposed 
     action'') and provide opportunity for public comment.
       (b) Matters To Be Included.--The Secretary shall include in 
     any notice published under subsection (a) the following:
       (1) The date and contact information for the appropriate 
     office at the Department of Defense.
       (2) A summary of the notice.
       (3) A date for comments to be submitted and specific 
     methods for submitting comments.
       (4) A description of the substance of the proposed action.
       (5) Findings and a statement of reason supporting the 
     proposed action.

     SEC. 359. TECHNICAL CORRECTION TO DEADLINE FOR TRANSITION TO 
                   DEFENSE READINESS REPORTING SYSTEM STRATEGIC.

       Section 358(c) of the John S. McCain National Defense 
     Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2019 (Public Law 115-232) 
     is amended by striking ``October 1, 2019'' and inserting 
     ``October 1, 2020''.

              TITLE IV--MILITARY PERSONNEL AUTHORIZATIONS

                       Subtitle A--Active Forces

     SEC. 401. END STRENGTHS FOR ACTIVE FORCES.

       The Armed Forces are authorized strengths for active duty 
     personnel as of September 30, 2020, as follows:
       (1) The Army, 480,000.
       (2) The Navy, 340,500.
       (3) The Marine Corps, 186,200.
       (4) The Air Force, 332,800.

                       Subtitle B--Reserve Forces

     SEC. 411. END STRENGTHS FOR SELECTED RESERVE.

       (a) In General.--The Armed Forces are authorized strengths 
     for Selected Reserve personnel of the reserve components as 
     of September 30, 2020, as follows:
       (1) The Army National Guard of the United States, 336,000.
       (2) The Army Reserve, 189,500.
       (3) The Navy Reserve, 59,000.
       (4) The Marine Corps Reserve, 38,500.

[[Page S3881]]

       (5) The Air National Guard of the United States, 107,700.
       (6) The Air Force Reserve, 70,100.
       (7) The Coast Guard Reserve, 7,000.
       (b) End Strength Reductions.--The end strengths prescribed 
     by subsection (a) for the Selected Reserve of any reserve 
     component shall be proportionately reduced by--
       (1) the total authorized strength of units organized to 
     serve as units of the Selected Reserve of such component 
     which are on active duty (other than for training) at the end 
     of the fiscal year; and
       (2) the total number of individual members not in units 
     organized to serve as units of the Selected Reserve of such 
     component who are on active duty (other than for training or 
     for unsatisfactory participation in training) without their 
     consent at the end of the fiscal year.
       (c) End Strength Increases.--Whenever units or individual 
     members of the Selected Reserve of any reserve component are 
     released from active duty during any fiscal year, the end 
     strength prescribed for such fiscal year for the Selected 
     Reserve of such reserve component shall be increased 
     proportionately by the total authorized strengths of such 
     units and by the total number of such individual members.

     SEC. 412. END STRENGTHS FOR RESERVES ON ACTIVE DUTY IN 
                   SUPPORT OF THE RESERVES.

       Within the end strengths prescribed in section 411(a), the 
     reserve components of the Armed Forces are authorized, as of 
     September 30, 2020, the following number of Reserves to be 
     serving on full-time active duty or full-time duty, in the 
     case of members of the National Guard, for the purpose of 
     organizing, administering, recruiting, instructing, or 
     training the reserve components:
       (1) The Army National Guard of the United States, 30,595.
       (2) The Army Reserve, 16,511.
       (3) The Navy Reserve, 10,155.
       (4) The Marine Corps Reserve, 2,386.
       (5) The Air National Guard of the United States, 22,637.
       (6) The Air Force Reserve, 4,431.

     SEC. 413. END STRENGTHS FOR MILITARY TECHNICIANS (DUAL 
                   STATUS).

       (a) In General.--The authorized number of military 
     technicians (dual status) as of the last day of fiscal year 
     2020 for the reserve components of the Army and the Air Force 
     (notwithstanding section 129 of title 10, United States Code) 
     shall be the following:
       (1) For the Army National Guard of the United States, 
     22,294.
       (2) For the Army Reserve, 6,492.
       (3) For the Air National Guard of the United States, 
     13,569.
       (4) For the Air Force Reserve, 8,938.
       (b) Variance.--Notwithstanding section 115 of title 10, 
     United States Code, the end strength prescribed by subsection 
     (a) for a reserve component specified in that subsection may 
     be increased--
       (1) by 3 percent, upon determination by the Secretary of 
     Defense that such action is in the national interest; and
       (2) by 2 percent, upon determination by the Secretary of 
     the military department concerned that such action would 
     enhance manning and readiness in essential units or in 
     critical specialties or ratings.
       (c) Limitation.--Under no circumstances may a military 
     technician (dual status) employed under the authority of this 
     section be coerced by a State into accepting an offer of 
     realignment or conversion to any other military status, 
     including as a member of the Active, Guard, and Reserve 
     program of a reserve component. If a military technician 
     (dual status) declines to participate in such realignment or 
     conversion, no further action will be taken against the 
     individual or the individual's position.
       (d) Adjustment of Authorized Strength.--
       (1) In general.--If, at the end of fiscal year 2019, the 
     Air National Guard of the United States does not meet its 
     full-time support realignment goals for such fiscal year (as 
     presented in the justification materials of the Department of 
     Defense in support of the budget of the President for such 
     fiscal year under section 1105 of title 31, United States 
     Code), the authorized number of military technicians (dual 
     status) of the Air National Guard of the United States under 
     subsection (a)(3) shall be increased by the number equal to 
     difference between--
       (A) 3,190, which is the number of military technicians 
     (dual status) positions in the Air National Guard of the 
     United States sought to be converted to the Active, Guard, 
     and Reserve program of the Air National Guard during fiscal 
     year 2019; and
       (B) the number of realigned positions achieved in the Air 
     National Guard by the end of fiscal year 2019.
       (2) Limitation.--The increase under paragraph (1) in the 
     authorized number of military technician (dual status) 
     positions described in that paragraph may not exceed 2,292.
       (3) Decrease in authorized number of angus reserves on 
     active duty in support of the reserves.--In the event of an 
     adjustment to the authorized number military technicians 
     (dual status) of the Air National Guard of the United States 
     under this subsection, the number of members of the Air 
     National Guard of the United States authorized by section 
     412(5) to be on active duty as of September 30, 2020, shall 
     be decreased by the number equal to the number of such 
     adjustment.
       (e) Certification.--Not later than January 1, 2020, the 
     Chief of the National Guard Bureau shall certify to the 
     Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and House of 
     Representatives the number of positions realigned from a 
     military technician (dual status) position to a position in 
     the Active, Guard, and Reserve program of a reserve component 
     in fiscal year 2019.
       (f) Definitions.--In subsections (c), (d), and (e):
       (1) The term ``realigned position'' means any military 
     technician (dual status) position which has been converted or 
     realigned to a position in an Active, Guard, and Reserve 
     program of a reserve component under the full time support 
     rebalancing plan of the Armed Force concerned, regardless of 
     whether such position is encumbered.
       (2) The term ``Active, Guard, and Reserve program'', in the 
     case of a reserve component, means the program of the reserve 
     component under which Reserves serve on full-time active duty 
     or full-time duty, in the case of members of the National 
     Guard, for the purpose of organizing, administering, 
     recruiting, instructing, or training such reserve component.

     SEC. 414. MAXIMUM NUMBER OF RESERVE PERSONNEL AUTHORIZED TO 
                   BE ON ACTIVE DUTY FOR OPERATIONAL SUPPORT.

       During fiscal year 2020, the maximum number of members of 
     the reserve components of the Armed Forces who may be serving 
     at any time on full-time operational support duty under 
     section 115(b) of title 10, United States Code, is the 
     following:
       (1) The Army National Guard of the United States, 17,000.
       (2) The Army Reserve, 13,000.
       (3) The Navy Reserve, 6,200.
       (4) The Marine Corps Reserve, 3,000.
       (5) The Air National Guard of the United States, 16,000.
       (6) The Air Force Reserve, 14,000.

     SEC. 415. AUTHORIZED STRENGTHS FOR MARINE CORPS RESERVES ON 
                   ACTIVE DUTY.

       (a) Officers.--Section 12011(a)(1) of title 10, United 
     States Code, is amended by striking that part of the table 
     pertaining to the Marine Corps Reserve and inserting the 
     following:
       ``Marine Corps Reserve:


 
 
 
2,400...........................................     143     105      34
2,500...........................................     149     109      35
2,600...........................................     155     113      36
2,700...........................................     161     118      37
2,800...........................................     167     122      39
2,900...........................................     173     126      41
3,000...........................................     179     130   42''.
 

       (b) Senior Enlisted Members.--Section 12012(a) of title 10, 
     United States Code, is amended by striking that part of the 
     table pertaining to the Marine Corps Reserve and inserting 
     the following:
       ``Marine Corps Reserve:


 
 
 
2,400...................................................     106      24
2,500...................................................     112      25
2,600...................................................     116      26
2,700...................................................     121      27
2,800...................................................     125      28
2,900...................................................     130      29
3,000...................................................     134   30''.
 

       (c) Effective Date.--The amendments made by this section 
     shall take effect on October 1, 2019, and shall apply with 
     respect to fiscal years beginning on or after that date.

              Subtitle C--Authorization of Appropriations

     SEC. 421. MILITARY PERSONNEL.

       (a) Authorization of Appropriations.--Funds are hereby 
     authorized to be appropriated for fiscal year 2020 for the 
     use of the Armed Forces and other activities and agencies of 
     the Department of Defense for expenses, not otherwise 
     provided for, for military personnel, as specified in the 
     funding table in section 4401.
       (b) Construction of Authorization.--The authorization of 
     appropriations in subsection (a) supersedes any other 
     authorization of appropriations (definite or indefinite) for 
     such purpose for fiscal year 2020.

                   TITLE V--MILITARY PERSONNEL POLICY

                  Subtitle A--Officer Personnel Policy

     SEC. 501. REPEAL OF CODIFIED SPECIFICATION OF AUTHORIZED 
                   STRENGTHS OF CERTAIN COMMISSIONED OFFICERS ON 
                   ACTIVE DUTY.

       Effective as of October 1, 2020, the text of section 523 of 
     title 10, United States Code, is amended to read as follows:
       ``The total number of commissioned officers serving on 
     active duty in the Army, Air Force, or Marine Corps in each 
     of the grades of major, lieutenant colonel, or colonel, or in 
     the Navy in each of the grades of lieutenant commander, 
     commander, or captain, at the end of any fiscal year shall be 
     as specifically authorized by Act of Congress for such fiscal 
     year.''.

     SEC. 502. MAKER OF ORIGINAL APPOINTMENTS IN A REGULAR OR 
                   RESERVE COMPONENT OF COMMISSIONED OFFICERS 
                   PREVIOUSLY SUBJECT TO ORIGINAL APPOINTMENT IN 
                   OTHER TYPE OF COMPONENT.

       (a) Maker of Regular Appointments in Transfer From Reserve 
     Active-status List to Active-duty List.--Section 531(c) of 
     title 10, United States Code, is amended by striking ``the 
     Secretary concerned'' and inserting ``the Secretary of 
     Defense''.
       (b) Maker of Reserve Appointments in Transfer From Active-
     duty List to Reserve Active-status List.--Subsection (b) of 
     section 12203 of such title is amended by striking ``the 
     Secretary concerned'' and inserting ``the Secretary of 
     Defense''.
       (c) Treatment of Regular Appointment as Constructive 
     Reserve Appointment To

[[Page S3882]]

     Facilitate Transfer From Active Duty List to Reserve Active-
     status List.--Such section 12203 is further amended--
       (1) by redesignating subsection (c) as subsection (d); and
       (2) by inserting after subsection (b) the following new 
     subsection (c):
       ``(c) For purposes of appointments under this section, an 
     officer who receives an original appointment as a regular 
     commissioned officer in a grade under section 531 of this 
     title that is made on or after the date of the enactment of 
     the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2020 
     shall be deemed also to have received an original appointment 
     as a reserve commissioned officer in such grade.''.

     SEC. 503. FURNISHING OF ADVERSE INFORMATION ON OFFICERS TO 
                   PROMOTION SELECTION BOARDS.

       (a) Expansion of Grades of Officers for Which Information 
     Is Furnished.--Section 615(a)(3) of title 10, United States 
     Code, is amended--
       (1) by inserting ``(A)'' after ``(3)'';
       (2) in subparagraph (A), as designated by paragraph (1), by 
     striking ``a grade above colonel or, in the case of the Navy, 
     captain,'' and inserting ``a grade specified in subparagraph 
     (B)''; and
       (3) by adding at the end the following new subparagraph:
       ``(B) A grade specified in this subparagraph is as follows:
       ``(i) In the case of a regular officer, a grade above 
     captain or, in the case of the Navy, lieutenant.
       ``(ii) In the case of a reserve officer, a grade above 
     lieutenant colonel or, in the case of the Navy, commander.''.
       (b) Furnishing at Every Phase of Consideration.--Such 
     section is further amended by adding at the end the following 
     new subparagraph:
       ``(C) The standards and procedures referred to in 
     subparagraph (A) shall require the furnishing to the 
     selection board, and to each individual member of the board, 
     the information described in that paragraph with regard to an 
     officer in a grade specified in subparagraph (B) at each 
     stage or phase of the selection board, concurrent with the 
     screening, rating, assessment, evaluation, discussion, or 
     other consideration by the board or member of the official 
     military personnel file of the officer, or of the officer.''.
       (c) Effective Date.--The amendments made by this section 
     shall take effect on the date of the enactment of this Act, 
     and shall apply with respect to the proceedings of promotion 
     selection boards convened under section 611(a) of title 10, 
     United States Code, after that date.

     SEC. 504. LIMITATION ON NUMBER OF OFFICERS RECOMMENDABLE FOR 
                   PROMOTION BY PROMOTION SELECTION BOARDS.

       (a) In General.--Section 616 of title 10, United States 
     Code is amended--
       (1) by redesignating subsections (d), (e), (f), and (g) as 
     subsections (e), (f), (g), and (h), respectively; and
       (2) by inserting after subsection (c) the following new 
     subsection (d):
       ``(d) The number of officers recommended for promotion by a 
     selection board convened under section 611(a) of this title 
     may not exceed the number equal to 95 percent of the number 
     of officers included in the promotion zone established under 
     section 623 of this title for consideration by the board.''.
       (b) Effective Date.--The amendments made by this section 
     shall take effect on the date of the enactment of this Act, 
     and shall apply with respect to consideration by promotion 
     selection boards convened under section 611(a) of title 10, 
     United States Code, of promotion zones that are established 
     under section 623 of that title on or after that date.

     SEC. 505. EXPANSION OF AUTHORITY FOR CONTINUATION ON ACTIVE 
                   DUTY OF OFFICERS IN CERTAIN MILITARY 
                   SPECIALTIES AND CAREER TRACKS.

       Section 637a(a) of title 10, United States Code, is amended 
     by inserting ``separation or'' after ``provided for the''.

     SEC. 506. HIGHER GRADE IN RETIREMENT FOR OFFICERS FOLLOWING 
                   REOPENING OF DETERMINATION OR CERTIFICATION OF 
                   RETIRED GRADE.

       (a) Advice and Consent of Senate Required for Higher 
     Grade.--Section 1370(f) of title 10, United States Code, is 
     amended--
       (1) by redesignating paragraph (5) as paragraph (6); and
       (2) by inserting after paragraph (4) the following new 
     paragraph (5):
       ``(5) If the retired grade of an officer is proposed to be 
     increased through the reopening of the determination or 
     certification of officer's retired grade, the increase in the 
     retired grade shall be made by the Secretary of Defense, by 
     and with the advice and consent of the Senate.''.
       (b) Recalculation of Retired Pay.--Paragraph (6) of such 
     section, as redesignated by subsection (a)(1), is amended--
       (1) by inserting ``or increased'' after ``reduced'';
       (2) by inserting ``as a result of the reduction or 
     increase'' after ``any modification of the retired pay of the 
     officer'';
       (3) by inserting ``or increase'' after ``the reduction''; 
     and
       (4) by adding at the end the following new sentence: ``An 
     officer whose retired grade is increased as described in the 
     preceding sentence shall not be entitled to an increase in 
     retired pay for any period before the effective date of the 
     increase.''.
       (c) Effective Date.--The amendments made by this section 
     shall take effect on the date of the enactment of this Act, 
     and shall apply to an increase in the retired grade of an 
     officer that occurs through a reopening of the determination 
     or certification of the officer's retired grade of officer on 
     or after that date, regardless of when the officer retired.

     SEC. 507. AVAILABILITY ON THE INTERNET OF CERTAIN INFORMATION 
                   ABOUT OFFICERS SERVING IN GENERAL OR FLAG 
                   OFFICER GRADES.

       (a) Availability Required.--
       (1) In general.--The Secretary of each military department 
     shall make available on an Internet website of such 
     department available to the public information specified in 
     paragraph (2) on each officer in a general or flag officer 
     grade under the jurisdiction of such Secretary, including any 
     such officer on the reserve active-status list.
       (2) Information.--The information on an officer specified 
     by this paragraph to be made available pursuant to paragraph 
     (1) is the information as follows:
       (A) The officer's name.
       (B) The officer's current grade, duty position, command or 
     organization, and location of assignment.
       (C) A summary list of the officer's past duty assignments 
     while serving in a general or flag officer grade.
       (b) Additional Public Notice on Certain Officers.--Whenever 
     an officer in a grade of O-7 or above is assigned to a new 
     billet or reassigned from a current billet, the Secretary of 
     the military department having jurisdiction of such officer 
     shall make available on an Internet website of such 
     department available to the public a notice of such 
     assignment or reassignment.
       (c) Limitation on Withholding of Certain Information or 
     Notice.--
       (1) Limitation.--The Secretary of a military department may 
     not withhold the information or notice specified in 
     subsections (a) and (b) from public availability pursuant to 
     subsection (a), unless and until the Secretary notifies the 
     Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of 
     Representatives in writing of the information or notice that 
     will be so withheld, together with justification for 
     withholding the information or notice from public 
     availability.
       (2) Limited duration of withholding.--The Secretary 
     concerned may withhold from the public under paragraph (1) 
     information or notice on an officer only on the bases of 
     individual risk to the officer or in the interest of national 
     security, and may continue to withhold such information or 
     notice only for so long as the basis for withholding remains 
     in force.

                Subtitle B--Reserve Component Management

     SEC. 511. REPEAL OF REQUIREMENT FOR REVIEW OF CERTAIN ARMY 
                   RESERVE OFFICER UNIT VACANCY PROMOTIONS BY 
                   COMMANDERS OF ASSOCIATED ACTIVE DUTY UNITS.

       Section 1113 of the Army National Guard Combat Readiness 
     Reform Act of 1992 (10 U.S.C. 10105 note) is repealed.

                Subtitle C--General Service Authorities

     SEC. 515. MODIFICATION OF AUTHORITIES ON MANAGEMENT OF 
                   DEPLOYMENTS OF MEMBERS OF THE ARMED FORCES AND 
                   RELATED UNIT OPERATING AND PERSONNEL TEMPO 
                   MATTERS.

       (a) Limitation on Scope of Delegations of Approval of 
     Exceptions to Deployment Thresholds.--Paragraph (3) of 
     subsection (a) of section 991 of title 10, United States 
     Code, is amended by striking ``be delegated to--'' and all 
     that follows and inserting ``be delegated to a civilian 
     officer of the Department of Defense appointed by the 
     President, by and with the advice and consent of the 
     Senate.''.
       (b) Separate Policies on Dwell Time for Regular and Reserve 
     Members.--Paragraph (4) of such subsection is amended--
       (1) by striking ``addresses the amount'' and inserting 
     ``addresses each of the following:
       ``(1) The amount'';
       (2) in paragraph (1), as designated by paragraph (1) of 
     this subsection, by inserting ``regular'' before ``member''; 
     and
       (3) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
       ``(2) The amount of dwell time a reserve member of the 
     armed forces remains at the member's permanent duty station 
     after completing a deployment of 30 days or more in 
     length.''.
       (c) Repeal of Authority to Prescribe Alternative Definition 
     of ``Deployment''.--Subsection (b) of such section is amended 
     by striking paragraph (4).

     SEC. 516. REPEAL OF REQUIREMENT THAT PARENTAL LEAVE BE TAKEN 
                   IN ONE INCREMENT.

       (a) In General.--Subsection (i) of section 701 of title 10, 
     United States Code, is amended--
       (1) by striking paragraph (5); and
       (2) by redesignating paragraphs (6) through (10) as 
     paragraphs (5) through (9), respectively.
       (b) Conforming Amendments.--Subsection (j)(4) of such 
     section is amended--
       (1) by striking ``paragraphs (6) through (10)'' and 
     inserting ``paragraphs (5) through (9)''; and
       (2) by striking ``paragraph (9)(B)'' and inserting 
     ``paragraph (8)(B)''.

     SEC. 517. DIGITAL ENGINEERING AS A CORE COMPETENCY OF THE 
                   ARMED FORCES.

       (a) Policy.--
       (1) In general.--It shall be a policy of the Department of 
     Defense to promote and maintain digital engineering as a core 
     competency of the civilian and military workforces of the 
     Department, which policy shall be achieved by--

[[Page S3883]]

       (A) the recruitment, development, and retention of civilian 
     employees and members of the Armed Forces with aptitude, 
     experience, proficient expertise, or a combination thereof in 
     digital engineering in and to the Department;
       (B) at the discretion of the Secretaries of the military 
     departments, the development and maintenance of civilian and 
     military career tracks on digital engineering, and related 
     digital competencies (including data science, machine 
     learning, software engineering, software product management, 
     and artificial intelligence product management) for civilian 
     employees of the Department and members of the Armed Forces, 
     including the development and maintenance of training, 
     education, talent management, incentives, and promotion 
     policies in support of members at all levels of such career 
     tracks; and
       (C) the development and application of appropriate 
     readiness standards and metrics to measure and report on the 
     overall capability, capacity, use, and readiness of digital 
     engineering civilian and military workforces to develop and 
     deliver operational capabilities, leverage modern digital 
     engineering technologies, develop advanced capabilities to 
     support military missions, and employ modern business 
     practices.
       (2) Digital engineering.--For purposes of this section, 
     digital engineering is the discipline and set of skills 
     involved in the creation, processing, transmission, 
     integration, and storage of digital data.
       (b) Responsibility.--Not later than 180 days after the date 
     of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall 
     appoint a civilian official of the Department of Defense, at 
     a level no lower than Assistant Secretary of Defense, for the 
     development and discharge of the policy set forth in 
     subsection (a). The official so designated shall be known as 
     the ``Chief Digital Engineering Recruitment and Management 
     Officer of the Department of Defense'' (in this section 
     referred to as the ``Officer'').
       (c) Duties.--In developing and providing for the discharge 
     of the policy set forth in subsection (a), the Officer shall, 
     in consultation with the Secretaries of the miliary 
     departments, do the following:
       (1) Develop recruitment programs with various core 
     initiatives, programs, activities, and mechanisms to identify 
     and recruit civilians employees of the Department of Defense 
     and members of the Armed Forces with demonstrated aptitude, 
     interest, proficient expertise, or a combination thereof, in 
     digital engineering particularly, and in science, technology, 
     engineering, and mathematics (STEM) generally, including 
     initiatives, programs, activities, and mechanisms to target 
     populations of individuals not typically aware of 
     opportunities in the Armed Forces for a digital engineering 
     career.
       (2) Develop and maintain education, training, doctrine, and 
     professional development activities to support digital 
     engineering skills of civilian employees of the Department 
     and members of the Armed Forces.
       (3) Coordinate and synchronize digital force management 
     activities throughout the Department, advise the Secretary of 
     Defense on all matters pertaining to the health and readiness 
     of digital forces, convene a Department-wide executive 
     steering group, and submit to Congress an annual report on 
     the readiness of digital forces and progress toward achieving 
     the policy.
       (4) Create a Department-wide mechanism to track digital 
     expertise in the workforce, develop and maintain 
     organizational policies, strategies, and plans sufficient to 
     build, maintain, and refresh internal capacity at scale, and 
     report to the Secretary quarterly on the health and readiness 
     of digital forces.
       (5) Assist the military departments in designing, 
     developing, and executing programs and incentives to retain, 
     track, and oversee digital expertise among civilian employees 
     of the Department and members of the Armed Forces on active 
     duty.
       (6) At the request of the Chief of Staff of an Armed Force, 
     or the head of another component or element of the 
     Department, undertake an executive search for key leadership 
     positions in digital engineering in such Armed Force, 
     component, or element, and develop and deploy agile hiring 
     and competitive compensation processes to fill such 
     positions.
       (7) Identify necessary changes in authorities, policies, 
     resources, or a combination thereof to further the policy.
       (8) Develop a definition for digital engineering consistent 
     with and aligned to Department needs and processes.
       (d) Plan.--Not later than June 1, 2020, the Secretary of 
     Defense shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services of 
     the Senate and the House of Representatives a plan to meet 
     the requirements of this section. The plan shall set forth 
     the following:
       (1) An identification of the Officer.
       (2) A timeline for full implementation of the requirements 
     of this section.
       (3) A description of the career tracks authorized by this 
     section for both the civilian and military workforces of the 
     Department of Defense.
       (4) Recommendations for such legislative or administrative 
     action as the Secretary considers appropriate in connection 
     with implementation of such requirements.

     SEC. 518. MODIFICATION OF NOTIFICATION ON MANNING OF AFLOAT 
                   NAVAL FORCES.

       (a) Timing of Notification.--Subsection (a) of section 525 
     of the John S. McCain National Defense Authorization Act for 
     Fiscal Year 2019 (Public Law 115-232) is amended--
       (1) in the matter preceding paragraph (1), by striking 
     ``not later than 15 days after any of the following 
     conditions are met:'' and inserting ``not later than 30 days 
     after the end of each fiscal year quarter, of each covered 
     ship (if any) that, as of the last day of such fiscal year 
     quarter, met either condition as follows:''; and
       (2) in paragraphs (1) and (2), by striking ``is less'' and 
     inserting ``was less''.
       (b) Definitions of Manning Fit and Manning Fill.--
     Subsection (d) of such section is amended in paragraphs (1) 
     and (2) by striking ``the billets authorized'' and inserting 
     ``the ship manpower document requirement.''.

     SEC. 519. REPORT ON EXPANSION OF THE CLOSE AIRMAN SUPPORT 
                   TEAM APPROACH OF THE AIR FORCE TO THE OTHER 
                   ARMED FORCES.

       (a) Report Required.--Not later than 180 days after the 
     date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretaries of the 
     military departments shall jointly submit to the Committees 
     on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of 
     Representatives a report setting forth an assessment of the 
     Secretaries of the feasibility and advisability of expanding 
     the Close Airman Support (CAS) team approach of the Air Force 
     to the other Armed Forces under the jurisdiction of such 
     Secretaries.
       (b) Close Airman Support Team Approach.--The Close Airman 
     Support team approach of the Air Force referred to in 
     subsection (a) is an approach by which personnel associated 
     with an Air Force squadron, and led by a senior enlisted 
     member of the squadron, take actions to improve relationships 
     and communication among members of the squadron in order to 
     promote positive social behaviors among such members as a 
     squadron, including an embrace of proactive pursuit of needed 
     assistance.
       (c) Scope of Report.--If the Secretaries determine that 
     expansion of the Close Airman Support team approach to the 
     other Armed Forces is feasible and advisable, the report 
     under subsection (a) shall include a description of the 
     manner in which the approach will be carried out in the other 
     Armed Forces, including the manner, if any, in which the 
     approach will be modified in the other Armed Forces to take 
     into account the unique circumstances of such Armed Forces.

            Subtitle D--Military Justice and Related Matters

PART I--MATTERS RELATING TO INVESTIGATION, PROSECUTION, AND DEFENSE OF 
                        SEXUAL ASSAULT GENERALLY

     SEC. 521. DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE-WIDE POLICY AND MILITARY 
                   DEPARTMENT-SPECIFIC PROGRAMS ON REINVIGORATION 
                   OF THE PREVENTION OF SEXUAL ASSAULT INVOLVING 
                   MEMBERS OF THE ARMED FORCES.

       (a) Policy Required.--Not later than 180 days after the 
     date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense 
     shall develop and issue a comprehensive policy for the 
     Department to reinvigorate the prevention of sexual assault 
     involving members of the Armed Forces.
       (b) Policy Elements.--
       (1) In general.--The policy required by subsection (a) 
     shall include the following:
       (A) Education and training for members of the Armed Forces 
     on the prevention of sexual assault.
       (B) Elements for programs designed to encourage and promote 
     healthy relationships among members of the Armed Forces.
       (C) Elements for programs designed to empower and enhance 
     the role of non-commissioned officers in the prevention of 
     sexual assault.
       (D) Elements for programs to foster social courage among 
     members of the Armed Forces to encourage and promote 
     intervention in situations in order to prevent sexual 
     assault.
       (E) Processes and mechanisms designed to address behaviors 
     among members of the Armed Forces that are included in the 
     continuum of harm that frequently results in sexual assault.
       (F) Elements for programs designed to address alcohol 
     abuse, including binge drinking, among members of the Armed 
     Forces.
       (G) Such other elements, processes, mechanisms, and other 
     matters as the Secretary of Defense considers appropriate.
       (2) Continuum of harm resulting in sexual assault.--For 
     purposes of paragraph (1)(E), the continuum of harm that 
     frequently results in sexual assault includes hazing, sexual 
     harassment, and related behaviors (including language 
     choices, off-hand statements, jokes, and unconscious 
     attitudes or biases) that create a permissive climate for 
     sexual assault.
       (c) Programs Required.--Not later than 180 days after the 
     issuance of the policy required by subsection (a), each 
     Secretary of a military department shall develop and 
     implement for each Armed Force under the jurisdiction of such 
     Secretary a program to reinvigorate the prevention of sexual 
     assaults involving members of the Armed Forces. Each program 
     shall include the elements, processes, mechanisms, and other 
     matters developed by the Secretary of Defense pursuant to 
     subsection (a) tailored to the requirements and circumstances 
     of the Armed Force or Armed Forces concerned.

     SEC. 522. ENACTMENT AND EXPANSION OF POLICY ON WITHHOLDING OF 
                   INITIAL DISPOSITION AUTHORITY FOR CERTAIN 
                   OFFENSES UNDER THE UNIFORM CODE OF MILITARY 
                   JUSTICE.

       (a) Initial Disposition Authority.--

[[Page S3884]]

       (1) In general.--Except as provided in paragraph (2), the 
     proper authority for a determination of disposition of 
     reported offenses with respect to any offense specified in 
     subsection (b) shall be an officer in a grade not below the 
     grade of O-6 in the chain of command of the subject who is 
     authorized by chapter 47 of such title (the Uniform Code of 
     Military Justice) to convene special courts-martial.
       (2) Authority when subject and victim are in different 
     chains of command.--If the victim of an offense specified in 
     subsection (b) is in a different chain of command than the 
     subject, the proper authority under paragraph (1), for any 
     reported offenses in connection with misconduct of the victim 
     arising out of the incident in which the offense is alleged 
     to have occurred, shall be an officer described in that 
     paragraph in the chain of command of the victim.
       (3) Construction.--Nothing in this subsection shall be 
     construed--
       (A) to prohibit the preferral of charges by an authorized 
     person under section 830(a)(1) of title 10, United States 
     Code (article 30(a)(1) of the Uniform code of Military 
     Justice), with respect to the offenses specified in 
     subsection (b), and the forwarding of such charges as so 
     preferred to the proper authority under paragraph (1) with a 
     recommendation as disposition; or
       (B) to prohibit an officer in a grade below the grade of O-
     6 from advising an officer described in paragraph (1) who is 
     making a determination described in that paragraph with 
     respect to the disposition of the offenses involved.
       (b) Covered Offenses.--An offense specified in this 
     subsection is any offense as follows:
       (1) An offense under section 893 of title 10, United States 
     Code (article 93 of the Uniform Code of Military Justice), 
     relating to cruelty and maltreatment, if the offense 
     constitutes sexual harassment.
       (2) An offense under section 893a of title 10, United 
     States Code (article 93a of the Uniform Code of Military 
     Justice), relating to prohibited activity with a military 
     recruit or trainee by a person in a position of special 
     trust.
       (3) An offense under section 918 of title 10, United States 
     Code (article 118 of the Uniform Code of Military Justice), 
     relating to murder, if the offense is committed in connection 
     with family abuse or other domestic violence.
       (4) An offense under section 919 of title 10, United States 
     Code (article 119 of the Uniform Code of Military Justice), 
     relating to manslaughter, if the offense is committed in 
     connection with family abuse or other domestic violence.
       (5) An offense under section 919a of title 10, United 
     States Code (article 119a of the Uniform Code of Military 
     Justice), relating to death or injury of an unborn child, if 
     the offense is committed in connection with family abuse or 
     other domestic violence.
       (6) An offense under section 919b of title 10, United 
     States Code (article 119b of the Uniform Code of Military 
     Justice), relating to child endangerment, if the offense is 
     committed in connection with family abuse or other domestic 
     violence.
       (7) An offense under section 920 of title 10, United States 
     Code (article 120 of the Uniform Code of Military Justice), 
     relating to rape and sexual assault generally.
       (8) An offense under section 920b of title 10, United 
     States Code (article 120b of the Uniform Code of Military 
     Justice), relating to rape and sexual assault of a child.
       (9) An offense under section 920c of title 10, United 
     States Code (article 120c of the Uniform Code of Military 
     Justice), relating to other sexual misconduct.
       (10) An offense under section 925 of title 10, United 
     States Code (article 125 of the Uniform Code of Military 
     Justice), relating to kidnapping, if the offense is committed 
     in connection with family abuse or other domestic violence.
       (11) An offense under section 928 of title 10, United 
     States Code (article 128 of the Uniform Code of Military 
     Justice), relating to aggravated assault, if the offense is 
     committed in connection with family abuse or other domestic 
     violence.
       (12) An offense under section 928a of title 10, United 
     States Code (article 128a of the Uniform Code of Military 
     Justice), relating to maiming, if the offense is committed in 
     connection with family abuse or other domestic violence.
       (13) An offense under section 928b of title 10, United 
     States Code (article 128b of the Uniform Code of Military 
     Justice), relating to domestic violence.
       (14) An offense under section 930 of title 10, United 
     States Code (article 130 of the Uniform Code of Military 
     Justice), relating to stalking, if the offense is committed 
     in connection with family abuse or other domestic violence.
       (15) An offense under section 932 of title 10, United 
     States Code (article 132 of the Uniform Code of Military 
     Justice), relating to retaliation.
       (16) An offense under section 934 of title 10, United 
     States Code (article 134 of the Uniform Code of Military 
     Justice), if the offense relates to child pornography.
       (17) An offense under section 934 of title 10, United 
     States Code (article 134 of the Uniform Code of Military 
     Justice), if the offense--
       (A) relates to animal abuse; and
       (B) is committed in connection with family abuse or other 
     domestic violence,
       (18) An offense under section 934 of title 10, United 
     States Code (article 134 of the Uniform Code of Military 
     Justice), if the offense--
       (A) relates to negligent homicide; and
       (B) is committed in connection with family abuse or other 
     domestic violence.
       (19) An attempt to commit an offense specified in a 
     paragraph (1) through (18) as punishable under section 880 of 
     title 10, United States Code (article 80 of the Uniform Code 
     of Military Justice).
       (c) Scope of Disposition Authority With Respect to 
     Particular Offenses.--The authority in subsection (a) of an 
     officer to make a disposition determination described in that 
     subsection with respect to any offense specified in 
     subsection (b) extends to a determination of disposition with 
     respect to any other offenses against the subject arising out 
     of the incident in which the offense is alleged to have 
     occurred.
       (d) Scope of Disposition Determinations.--Except for an 
     offense specified in section 818(c) of title 10, United 
     States Code (article 18(c) of the Uniform Code of Military 
     Justice), of which only general courts-martial have 
     jurisdiction, the disposition determinations permissible in 
     the exercise of the authority under this section with respect 
     to charges and specifications are as follows:
       (1) No action.
       (2) Administrative action.
       (3) Imposition of non-judicial punishment.
       (4) Preferral of charges.
       (5) If such charges and specifications were preferred from 
     a subordinate, dismissal of charges or referral to court-
     martial for trial.
       (6) Forwarding to a superior or subordinate authority for 
     further disposition.
       (e) Review of Certain Disposition Determinations.--
       (1) Initial review and recommendation.--If a disposition 
     determination under this section with respect to an offense 
     is for a disposition specified in paragraph (1), (2), or (3) 
     of subsection (d) and the legal advisor to the officer making 
     the disposition determination has recommended a disposition 
     specified in paragraph (4), (5), or (6) of that subsection, a 
     Special Victim Prosecutor (SVP), Senior Trial Counsel (STC), 
     or Regional Trial Counsel (RTC) not in the chain of command 
     of the officer making the disposition determination shall--
       (A) review the disposition determination; and
       (B) recommend to the staff judge advocate in the chain of 
     command whether to endorse or supersede the disposition 
     determination.
       (2) SJA review and advice.--Upon completion of a review of 
     a recommendation under paragraph (1)(B), the staff judge 
     advocate concerned shall advise the next superior commander 
     in the chain of command of the officer making the original 
     disposition determination whether such disposition 
     determination should be endorsed or superseded.
       (3) Final disposition determination.--After considering 
     advice under paragraph (2) with respect to an original 
     disposition determination, the superior commander concerned 
     shall--
       (A) make a new disposition determination with respect to 
     the offenses concerned; or
       (B) endorse the original disposition determination for 
     appropriate further action.
       (f) Training.--
       (1) In general.--The training provided to commissioned 
     officers of the Armed Forces in grades O-6 and above on the 
     exercise of authority pursuant to this section for 
     determinations of the disposition of an offense specified in 
     subsection (b) shall include specific training on such 
     matters in connection with sexual harassment, sexual assault, 
     and family abuse and domestic violence as the Secretary of 
     Defense considers appropriate to make informed disposition 
     determinations under such authority.
       (2) Construction.--Nothing in this subsection shall be 
     construed to deprive a court-martial of jurisdiction based on 
     the level or amount of training received by the disposition 
     authority pursuant to this section.
       (g) Manual for Courts-Martial.--The President shall 
     implement the requirement of this section into the Manual for 
     Courts-Martial in accordance with section 836 of title 10, 
     United States Code (article 36 of the Uniform Code of 
     Military Justice).

     SEC. 523. TRAINING FOR SEXUAL ASSAULT INITIAL DISPOSITION 
                   AUTHORITIES ON EXERCISE OF DISPOSITION 
                   AUTHORITY FOR SEXUAL ASSAULT AND COLLATERAL 
                   OFFENSES.

       (a) In General.--The training for Sexual Assault Initial 
     Disposition Authorities (SAIDAs) on the exercise of 
     disposition authority under chapter 47, United States Code 
     (the Uniform Code of Military Justice), with respect to cases 
     for which disposition authority is withheld to such 
     Authorities by the April 20, 2012, memorandum of the 
     Secretary of Defense, or any successor memorandum, shall 
     include comprehensive training on the exercise by such 
     Authorities of such authority with respect to such cases in 
     order to enhance the capabilities of such Authorities in the 
     exercise of such authority and thereby promote confidence and 
     trust in the military justice process with respect to such 
     cases.
       (b) Memorandum of Secretary of Defense.--The April 20, 
     2012, memorandum of the Secretary of Defense referred to in 
     subsection (a) is the memorandum of the Secretary of Defense 
     entitled ``Withholding Initial Disposition Authority Under 
     the Uniform Code of Military Justice in Certain Sexual 
     Assault Cases'' and dated April 20, 2012.

[[Page S3885]]

  


     SEC. 524. EXPANSION OF RESPONSIBILITIES OF COMMANDERS FOR 
                   VICTIMS OF SEXUAL ASSAULT COMMITTED BY ANOTHER 
                   MEMBER OF THE ARMED FORCES.

       (a) Notification of Victims of Events in Military Justice 
     Process.--
       (1) Notification required.--Except as provided in paragraph 
     (2), the commander of a member of the Armed Forces who is the 
     victim of an alleged sexual assault committed by another 
     member of the Armed Forces (whether or not such other member 
     is in the command of such commander) shall provide 
     notification to such victim of every key or other significant 
     event in the military justice process in connection with the 
     investigation, prosecution, and confinement of such other 
     member for alleged sexual assault.
       (2) Election of victim not to receive.--A commander is not 
     required by paragraph (1) to provide notifications to a 
     victim as described in that paragraph if the victim elects 
     not to be provided such notifications.
       (3) Documentation.--Each commander described in paragraph 
     (1) shall create and maintain appropriate documentation on 
     the following:
       (A) Any notification provided as described in paragraph 
     (1).
       (B) Any election made pursuant to paragraph (2).
       (b) Documentation of Victim's Preference on Jurisdiction in 
     Prosecution.--In the case of a member of the Armed Forces who 
     is the victim of an alleged sexual assault committed by 
     another member of the Armed Forces who is subject to 
     prosecution for such alleged offense both by court-martial 
     under chapter 47 of title 10, United States Code (the Uniform 
     Code of Military Justice), and by a civilian court under 
     Federal or State law, the commander of such victim shall 
     create and maintain appropriate documentation of the 
     expressed preference, if any, of such victim for prosecution 
     of such alleged offense by court-martial or by a civilian 
     court as provided for by Rule 306(e) of the Rules for Court-
     Martial.
       (c) Regulations.--The Secretary of Defense shall prescribe 
     in regulations the requirements applicable to each of the 
     following:
       (1) Notifications under subsection (a)(1).
       (2) Elections under subsection (a)(2).
       (3) Documentation under subsection (a)(3).
       (4) Documentation under subsection (b).

     SEC. 525. TRAINING FOR COMMANDERS IN THE ARMED FORCES ON 
                   THEIR ROLE IN ALL STAGES OF MILITARY JUSTICE IN 
                   CONNECTION WITH SEXUAL ASSAULT.

       (a) In General.--The training provided commanders in the 
     Armed Forces shall include comprehensive training on the role 
     of commanders in all stages of military justice in connection 
     with sexual assaults by members of the Armed Forces.
       (b) Elements To Be Covered.--The training provided pursuant 
     to subsection (a) shall include training on the following:
       (1) The role of commanders in each stage of the military 
     justice process in connection with sexual assault committed 
     by a member of the Armed Forces, including investigation and 
     prosecution.
       (2) The role of commanders in assuring that victims in 
     sexual assault described in paragraph (1) are informed of, 
     and have the opportunity to obtain, assistance available for 
     victims of sexual assault by law.
       (3) The role of commanders in assuring that victims in 
     sexual assault described in paragraph (1) are afforded the 
     due process rights and protections available to victims by 
     law.
       (4) The role of commanders in preventing retaliation 
     against victims, their family members, witnesses, first 
     responders, and bystanders for their their complaints, 
     statements, testimony, and status in connection with sexual 
     assault described in paragraph (1), including the role of 
     commanders in ensuring that subordinates in the command are 
     aware of their responsibilities in preventing such 
     retaliation.
       (5) The role of commanders in establishing and maintaining 
     a healthy command climate in connection with reporting on 
     sexual assault described in paragraph (1) and in the response 
     of the commander, subordinates in the command, and other 
     personnel in the command to such sexual assault, such 
     reporting, and the military justice process in connection 
     with such sexual assault.
       (6) Any other matters on the role of commanders in 
     connection with sexual assault described in paragraph (1) 
     that the Secretary of Defense considers appropriate for 
     purposes of this section.
       (c) Incorporation of Best Practices.--
       (1) In general.--The training provided pursuant to 
     subsection (a) shall incorporate best practices on all 
     matters covered by the training.
       (2) Identification of best practices.--The Secretaries of 
     the military departments shall, acting through the training 
     and doctrine commands of the Armed Forces, undertake from 
     time to time surveys and other reviews of the matters covered 
     by the training provided pursuant to subsection (a) in order 
     to identify and incorporate into such training the most 
     current practicable best practices on such matters.
       (d) Uniformity.--The Secretary of Defense shall ensure that 
     the training provided pursuant to subsection (a) is, to the 
     extent practicable, uniform across the Armed Forces.

     SEC. 526. NOTICE TO VICTIMS OF ALLEGED SEXUAL ASSAULT OF 
                   PENDENCY OF FURTHER ADMINISTRATIVE ACTION 
                   FOLLOWING A DETERMINATION NOT TO REFER TO TRIAL 
                   BY COURT-MARTIAL.

       Under regulations prescribed by the Secretary of Defense, 
     upon a determination not to refer a case of alleged sexual 
     assault for trial by court-martial under chapter 47 of title 
     10, United States Code (the Uniform Code of Military 
     Justice), the commander making such determination shall 
     periodically notify the victim of the status of a final 
     determination on further action on such case, whether non-
     judicial punishment under section 815 of such title (article 
     15 of the Uniform Code of Military Justice), other 
     administrative action, or no further action. Such 
     notifications shall continue not less frequently than monthly 
     until such final determination.

     SEC. 527. SAFE TO REPORT POLICY APPLICABLE ACROSS THE ARMED 
                   FORCES.

       (a) In General.--The Secretary of Defense shall, in 
     consultation with the Secretaries of the military departments 
     and the Secretary of Homeland Security, prescribe in 
     regulations a safe to report policy described in subsection 
     (b) that applies with respect to all members of the Armed 
     Forces (including members of the reserve components of the 
     Armed Forces) and cadets and midshipmen at the military 
     service academies.
       (b) Safe to Report Policy.--The safe to report policy 
     described in this subsection is a policy under which a member 
     of the Armed Forces who is the victim of an alleged sexual 
     assault, but who may have committed minor collateral 
     misconduct at or about the time of such alleged sexual 
     assault, or whose minor collateral misconduct is discovered 
     only as a result of the investigation into such alleged 
     sexual assault, may report such alleged sexual assault to 
     proper authorities without fear or receipt of discipline in 
     connection with such minor collateral misconduct absent 
     aggravating circumstances that increase the gravity of the 
     minor collateral misconduct or its impact on good order and 
     discipline.
       (c) Minor Collateral Misconduct.--For purposes of the safe 
     to report policy, minor collateral misconduct shall include 
     any of the following:
       (1) Improper use or possession of alcohol.
       (2) Consensual intimate behavior (including adultery) or 
     fraternization.
       (3) Presence in an off-limits area.
       (4) Such other misconduct as the Secretary of Defense shall 
     specify in the regulations under subsection (a).
       (d) Aggravating Circumstances.--The regulations under 
     subsection (a) shall specify aggravating circumstances that 
     increase the gravity of minor collateral misconduct or its 
     impact on good order and discipline for purposes of the safe 
     to report policy.

     SEC. 528. REPORT ON EXPANSION OF AIR FORCE SAFE TO REPORT 
                   POLICY ACROSS THE ARMED FORCES.

       (a) Report.--Not late than 180 days after the date of the 
     enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall, in 
     consultation with the Secretaries of the military departments 
     and the Secretary of Homeland Security, submit to the 
     Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of 
     Representatives a report setting forth an assessment of the 
     feasibility and advisability of expanding the applicability 
     of the safe to report policy described in subsection (b) so 
     that the policy applies across the Armed Forces.
       (b) Safe to Report Policy.--The safe to report policy 
     described in this subsection is the policy, currently 
     applicable in the Air Force alone, under which a member of 
     the Armed Forces who is the victim of an alleged sexual 
     assault committed by another member of the Armed Forces, but 
     who may have committed minor collateral misconduct at or 
     about the time of such alleged sexual assault, or whose minor 
     collateral misconduct at or about such time is discovered 
     only as a result of the investigation into such alleged 
     sexual assault, may report such alleged sexual assault to 
     proper authorities without fear or receipt of discipline in 
     connection with such minor collateral misconduct.

     SEC. 529. PROPOSAL FOR SEPARATE PUNITIVE ARTICLE IN THE 
                   UNIFORM CODE OF MILITARY JUSTICE ON SEXUAL 
                   HARASSMENT.

       Not later than 180 days after the date of the enactment of 
     this Act, the Joint Service Committee on Military Justice 
     shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the 
     Senate and the House of Representatives a report setting 
     forth recommendations for legislative and administrative 
     action required to establish a separate punitive article in 
     chapter 47 of title 10, United States Code (the Uniform Code 
     of Military Justice), on sexual harassment.

     SEC. 530. TREATMENT OF INFORMATION IN CATCH A SERIAL OFFENDER 
                   PROGRAM FOR CERTAIN PURPOSES.

       (a) Exclusion From FOIA.--Section 552 of title 5, United 
     States Code (commonly referred to as the ``Freedom of 
     Information Act''), shall not apply to any report for 
     purposes of the Catch a Serial Offender (CATCH) Program.
       (b) Preservation of Restricted Report.--The transmittal or 
     receipt in connection with the Catch a Serial Offender 
     Program of a report on a sexual assault that is treated as a 
     restricted report shall not operate to terminate its 
     treatment or status as a restricted report.

[[Page S3886]]

  


     SEC. 531. REPORT ON PRESERVATION OF RECOURSE TO RESTRICTED 
                   REPORT ON SEXUAL ASSAULT FOR VICTIMS OF SEXUAL 
                   ASSAULT FOLLOWING CERTAIN VICTIM OR THIRD-PARTY 
                   COMMUNICATIONS.

       (a) Report Required.--Not later than 180 days after the 
     date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense 
     shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the 
     Senate and the House of Representatives a report making 
     findings and recommendations on the feasibility and 
     advisability of a policy for the Department of Defense that 
     would permit a victim of a sexual assault, that is or may be 
     investigated as a result of a communication described in 
     subsection (b), which victim is a member of the Armed Forces 
     or an adult dependent of a member of the Armed Forces, to 
     have the reporting on the sexual assault be treated as a 
     restricted report without regard to the party initiating or 
     receiving such communication.
       (b) Communications.--A communication described in this 
     subsection is a communication reporting a sexual assault as 
     follows:
       (1) By the victim to a member of the Armed Forces, whether 
     a commissioned officer or a noncommissioned officer, in the 
     chain of command of the victim or the victim's military 
     sponsor.
       (2) By the victim to military law enforcement personnel or 
     personnel of a military criminal investigative organization 
     (MCIO).
       (3) By any individual other than victim.
       (c) Scope of Findings and Recommendations.--The report 
     required by subsection (a) may include recommendations for 
     new provisions of statute or regulations, or modification of 
     current statute or regulations, that may be required to put 
     into effect the findings and recommendations described in 
     subsection (a).
       (d) Consultation.--In preparing the report required by 
     subsection (a), the Secretary shall consult with the Defense 
     Advisory Committee on Investigation, Prosecution, and Defense 
     of Sexual Assault in the Armed Forces (DAC-IPAD) under 
     section 546 of the Carl Levin and Howard P. ``Buck'' McKeon 
     National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2015 (10 
     U.S.C. 1561 note).

     SEC. 532. AUTHORITY FOR RETURN OF PERSONAL PROPERTY TO 
                   VICTIMS OF SEXUAL ASSAULT WHO FILE A RESTRICTED 
                   REPORT BEFORE CONCLUSION OF RELATED 
                   PROCEEDINGS.

       Section 586 of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
     Fiscal Year 2012 (10 U.S.C. 1561 note) is amended--
       (1) by redesignating subsection (f) as subsection (e);
       (2) in subsection (e), as so redesignated, in the 
     subsection heading, by inserting ``in Unrestricted Reporting 
     Cases'' after ``Proceedings''; and
       (3) by adding at the end the following new subsection:
       ``(f) Return of Personal Property in Restricted Reporting 
     Cases.--(1) The Secretary of Defense shall prescribe 
     procedures under which a victim who files a restricted report 
     on an incident of sexual assault may request, at any time, 
     the return of any personal property of the victim obtained as 
     part of the sexual assault forensic examination.
       ``(2) The procedures shall ensure that--
       ``(A) a request of a victim under paragraph (1) may be made 
     on a confidential basis and without affecting the restricted 
     nature of the restricted report; and
       ``(B) at the time of the filing of the restricted report, a 
     Sexual Assault Response Coordinator or Sexual Assault 
     Prevention and Response Victim Advocate--
       ``(i) informs the victim that the victim may request the 
     return of personal property as described in paragraph (1); 
     and
       ``(ii) advises the victim that such a request for the 
     return of personal property may negatively impact a 
     subsequent case adjudication, if the victim later decides to 
     convert the restricted report to an unrestricted report.
       ``(3) Except with respect to personal property returned to 
     a victim under this subsection, nothing in this subsection 
     shall affect the requirement to retain a sexual assault 
     forensic examination (SAFE) kit for the period specified in 
     subsection (c)(4)(A).''.

     SEC. 533. EXTENSION OF DEFENSE ADVISORY COMMITTEE ON 
                   INVESTIGATION, PROSECUTION, AND DEFENSE OF 
                   SEXUAL ASSAULT IN THE ARMED FORCES.

       Section 546(f)(1) of the Carl Levin and Howard P. ``Buck'' 
     McKeon National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 
     2015 (10 U.S.C. 1561 note) is amended by striking ``five'' 
     and inserting ``ten''.

     SEC. 534. DEFENSE ADVISORY COMMITTEE FOR THE PREVENTION OF 
                   SEXUAL MISCONDUCT.

       (a) Establishment Required.--
       (1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense shall establish 
     and maintain within the Department of Defense an advisory 
     committee to be known as the ``Defense Advisory Committee for 
     the Prevention of Sexual Misconduct'' (in this section 
     referred to as the ``Advisory Committee'').
       (2) Deadline for establishment.--The Secretary shall 
     establish the Advisory Committee not later than 180 days 
     after the date of the enactment of this Act.
       (b) Membership.--
       (1) In general.--The Advisory Committee shall consist of 
     not more than 20 members, appointed by the Secretary from 
     among individuals who have an expertise appropriate for the 
     work of the Advisory Committee, including at least one 
     individual with each expertise as follows:
       (A) Expertise in the prevention of sexual assault and 
     behaviors on the sexual assault continuum of harm.
       (B) Expertise in the prevention of suicide.
       (C) Expertise in the change of culture of large 
     organizations.
       (D) Expertise in implementation science.
       (2) Background of individuals.--Individuals appointed to 
     the Advisory Committee may include individuals with expertise 
     in sexual assault prevention efforts of institutions of 
     higher education, public health officials, and such other 
     individuals as the Secretary considers appropriate.
       (3) Prohibition on membership of members of armed forces on 
     active duty.--A member of the Armed Forces serving on active 
     duty may not serve as a member of the Advisory Committee.
       (c) Duties.--
       (1) In general.--The Advisory Committee shall advise the 
     Secretary on the following:
       (A) The prevention of sexual assault (including rape, 
     forcible sodomy, other sexual assault, and other sexual 
     misconduct (including behaviors on the sexual assault 
     continuum of harm)) involving members of the Armed Forces.
       (B) The policies, programs, and practices of each military 
     department, each Armed Force, and each military service 
     academy for the prevention of sexual assault as described in 
     subparagraph (A).
       (2) Basis for provision of advice.--For purposes of 
     providing advice to the Secretary pursuant to this 
     subsection, the Advisory Committee shall review, on an 
     ongoing basis, the following:
       (A) Cases involving allegations of sexual assault described 
     in paragraph (1).
       (B) Efforts of institutions of higher education to prevent 
     sexual assault among students.
       (C) Any other information or matters that the Advisory 
     Committee or the Secretary considers appropriate.
       (3) Coordination of efforts.--In addition to the reviews 
     required by paragraph (2), for purposes of providing advice 
     to the Secretary the Advisory Committee shall also consult 
     and coordinate with the Defense Advisory Committee on 
     Investigation, Prosecution, and Defense of Sexual Assault in 
     the Armed Forces (DAC-IPAD) on matters of joint interest to 
     the two Advisory Committees.
       (d) Annual Report.--Not later than March 30 each year, the 
     Advisory Committee shall submit to the Secretary and the 
     Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of 
     Representatives a report on the activities of the Advisory 
     Committee pursuant to this section during the preceding year.
       (e) Sexual Assault Continuum of Harm.--In this section, the 
     term ``sexual assault continuum of harm'' includes--
       (1) inappropriate actions (such as sexist jokes), sexual 
     harassment, gender discrimination, hazing, cyber bullying, or 
     other behavior that contributes to a culture that is tolerant 
     of, or increases risk for, sexual assault; and
       (2) maltreatment or ostracism of a victim for a report of 
     sexual misconduct.

     SEC. 535. INDEPENDENT REVIEWS AND ASSESSMENTS ON RACE AND 
                   ETHNICITY IN THE INVESTIGATION, PROSECUTION, 
                   AND DEFENSE OF SEXUAL ASSAULT IN THE ARMED 
                   FORCES.

       (a) Reviews and Assessments by DAC-IPAD.--The independent 
     committee established by the Secretary of Defense under 
     section 546 of the Carl Levin and Howard P. ``Buck'' McKeon 
     National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2015 
     (Public Law 113-291; 128 Stat. 3374), commonly known as the 
     ``DAC-IPAD'', shall conduct each of the following:
       (1) A review and assessment, by fiscal year, of the race 
     and ethnicity of members of the Armed Forces accused of a 
     penetrative sexual assault offense or contact sexual assault 
     offense in an unrestricted report made pursuant to Department 
     of Defense Instruction 6495.02, including an unrestricted 
     report involving a spouse or intimate partner, in all cases 
     completed in each fiscal year assessed.
       (2) A review and assessment, by fiscal year, of the race 
     and ethnicity of members of the Armed Forces against whom 
     charges were preferred pursuant to Rule for Courts-Martial 
     307 for a penetrative sexual assault offense or contact 
     sexual assault offense in all cases completed in each fiscal 
     year assessed.
       (3) A review and assessment, by fiscal year, of the race 
     and ethnicity of members of the Armed Forces who were 
     convicted of a penetrative sexual assault offense or contact 
     sexual assault offense in all cases completed in each fiscal 
     year assessed.
       (b) Information From Federal Agencies.--
       (1) In general.--Upon request by the chair of the 
     committee, a department or agency of the Federal Government 
     shall provide information that the committees considers 
     necessary to conduct reviews and assessments required by 
     subsection (a), including military criminal investigation 
     files, charge sheets, records of trial, and personnel 
     records.
       (2) Handling, storage, and return.--The committee shall 
     handle and store all records received and reviewed under this 
     section in accordance with applicable privacy laws and 
     Department of Defense policy, and shall return all records so 
     received in a timely manner.
       (c) Report.--Not later than one year after the date of the 
     enactment of this Act, the committee shall submit to the 
     Secretary of Defense, and to the Committees on Armed

[[Page S3887]]

     Services of the Senate and the House of Representatives, a 
     report setting forth the results of the reviews and 
     assessments required by subsection (a). The report shall 
     include such recommendations for legislative or 
     administrative action as the committee considers appropriate 
     in light of such results.
       (d) Definitions.--In this section:
       (1) The term ``case'' means an unrestricted report of any 
     penetrative sexual assault offense or contact sexual assault 
     offense made against a member of the Armed Forces pursuant to 
     Department of Defense Instruction 6495.02, including any 
     unrestricted report involving a spouses or intimate partner 
     for which an investigation has been opened by a criminal 
     investigative organization.
       (2) The term ``completed'', with respect to a case, means 
     that the case was tried to verdict, dismissed without further 
     action, or dismissed and then resolved by non-judicial or 
     administrative proceedings.
       (3) The term ``contact sexual assault offense'' means 
     aggravated sexual contact, abusive sexual contact, wrongful 
     sexual contact, and attempts to commit such offenses under 
     the Uniform Code of Military Justice.
       (4) The term ``penetrative sexual assault offense'' means 
     rape, aggravated sexual assault, sexual assault, forcible 
     sodomy, and attempts to commit such offenses under the 
     Uniform Code of Military Justice.

     SEC. 536. REPORT ON MECHANISMS TO ENHANCE THE INTEGRATION AND 
                   SYNCHRONIZATION OF ACTIVITIES OF SPECIAL VICTIM 
                   INVESTIGATION AND PROSECUTION PERSONNEL WITH 
                   ACTIVITIES OF MILITARY CRIMINAL INVESTIGATIVE 
                   ORGANIZATIONS.

       Not later than one year after the date of the enactment of 
     this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall, in consultation 
     with the Secretaries of the military departments, submit to 
     the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House 
     of Representatives a report setting forth proposals for 
     various mechanisms to enhance the integration and 
     synchronization of activities of Special Victim Investigation 
     and Prosecution (SVIP) personnel with activities of military 
     criminal investigative organizations (MCIOs) in 
     investigations in which both such personnel are or may be 
     involved. If the proposed mechanisms require legislative or 
     administration action for implementation, the report shall 
     set forth such recommendations for such action as the 
     Secretary of Defense considers appropriate.

     SEC. 537. COMPTROLLER GENERAL OF THE UNITED STATES REPORT ON 
                   IMPLEMENTATION BY THE ARMED FORCES OF RECENT 
                   STATUTORY REQUIREMENTS ON SEXUAL ASSAULT 
                   PREVENTION AND RESPONSE IN THE MILITARY.

       (a) Report Required.--The Comptroller General of the United 
     States shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services of 
     the Senate and the House of Representatives a report, in 
     writing, on a study, conducted by the Comptroller General for 
     purposes of the report, on the implementation by the Armed 
     Forces of statutory requirements on sexual assault prevention 
     and response in the military in the National Defense 
     Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2004 (Public Law 108-136) 
     and each succeeding national defense authorization Act 
     through the John S. McCain National Defense Authorization Act 
     for Fiscal Year 2019 (Public Law 115-232).
       (b) Elements.--The report required by subsection (a) shall 
     include the following:
       (1) A list and citation of each statutory requirement 
     (whether codified or uncodified) on sexual assault prevention 
     and response in the military in each national defense 
     authorization Act specified in paragraph (1), including--
       (A) whether such statutory requirement is still in force; 
     and
       (B) if such statutory requirement is no longer in force, 
     the date of the repeal or expiration of such requirement.
       (2) For each statutory requirement listed pursuant to 
     paragraph (1), the following:
       (A) An assessment of the extent to which such requirement 
     was implemented, or is currently being implemented, as 
     applicable, by each Armed Force to which such requirement 
     applied or applies.
       (B) A description and assessment of the actions taken by 
     each of the Department of Defense, the military department 
     concerned, and the Armed Force concerned to assess and 
     determine the effectiveness of actions taken pursuant to such 
     requirement in meeting its intended objective.
       (3) Any other matters in connection with the statutory 
     requirements specified in subsection (a), and the 
     implementation of such requirements by the Armed Forces, that 
     the Comptroller General considers appropriate.
       (c) Briefings.--Not later than May 1, 2020, the Comptroller 
     General shall provide to the committees referred to in 
     subsection (a) one or more briefings on the status of the 
     study required by subsection (a), including any preliminary 
     findings and recommendations of the Comptroller General as a 
     result of the study as of the date of such briefing.

               PART II--SPECIAL VICTIMS' COUNSEL MATTERS

     SEC. 541. LEGAL ASSISTANCE BY SPECIAL VICTIMS' COUNSEL FOR 
                   VICTIMS OF ALLEGED DOMESTIC VIOLENCE OFFENSES.

       (a) Conditional Expansion of Eligibility to Victims of 
     Alleged Domestic Violence Offenses.--Subsection (a) of 
     section 1044e of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
     adding at the end the following new paragraph:
       ``(3) Legal counsel designated as described in paragraph 
     (1) may also provide legal assistance to any individual 
     described in paragraph (2)(B) or (2)(C) who is the victim of 
     an alleged domestic violence offense, and to any civilian 
     individual not otherwise covered by paragraph (2)(C) who is 
     the victim of an alleged sex-related offense or alleged 
     domestic violence offense, if the Secretary of the military 
     department concerned determines (on a case-by-case basis) 
     that resources are available for the provision of such 
     assistance to such individual without impairing the capacity 
     to provide assistance under paragraph (1) to victims of 
     alleged sex-related offenses described in paragraph (2).''.
       (b) Definitions.--Subsection (g) of such section is amended 
     to read as follows:
       ``(g) Definitions.--In this section:
       ``(1) The term `alleged covered offense' means any of the 
     following:
       ``(A) An alleged sex-related offense.
       ``(B) An alleged domestic violence offense.
       ``(2) The term `alleged sex-related offense' means any 
     allegation of--
       ``(A) a violation of section 920, 920b, 920c, or 930 of 
     this title (article 120, 120b, 120c, or 130 of the Uniform 
     Code of Military Justice); or
       ``(B) an attempt to commit an offense specified in a 
     subparagraph (A) as punishable under section 880 of this 
     title (article 80 of the Uniform Code of Military Justice).
       ``(3) The term `alleged domestic violence offense' means 
     any allegation of--
       ``(A) a violation of section 928, 928b(1), 928b(5), or 930 
     of this title (article 128, 128b(1), 128b(5), or 130 of the 
     Uniform Code of Military Justice), when committed against a 
     spouse, intimate partner, or immediate family member;
       ``(B) a violation of any other provision of subchapter X of 
     chapter 47 of this title (the Uniform Code of Military 
     Justice), when committed against a spouse, intimate partner, 
     or immediate family member, as specified by the Secretary 
     concerned for purposes of eligibility for legal consultation 
     and assistance by Special Victims' Counsel under the 
     jurisdiction of such Secretary under this section; or
       ``(C) an attempt to commit an offense specified in a 
     subparagraph (A) or (B) as punishable under section 880 of 
     this title (article 80 of the Uniform Code of Military 
     Justice).''.
       (c) Conforming Amendments.--Such section is further 
     amended--
       (1) in subsections (b) and (f), by striking ``alleged sex-
     related offense'' each place it appears (other than 
     subsection (f)(1)) and inserting ``alleged covered offense 
     concerned''; and
       (2) in subsection (f)--
       (A) by striking ``subsection (a)(2)'' each place it appears 
     and inserting ``paragraph (2) or (3) of subsection (a)''; and
       (B) in paragraph (1), by striking ``an alleged sex-related 
     offense'' and inserting ``an alleged covered offense''.
       (d) Clerical Amendments.--
       (1) Heading amendment.--The heading of such section is 
     amended to read as follows:

     ``Sec. 1044e. Special Victims' Counsel: victims of sex-
       related offenses; victims of domestic violence offenses''.

       (2) Table of sections.--the table of sections at the 
     beginning of chapter 53 of such title is amended by striking 
     the item relating to section 1044e and inserting the 
     following new item:

``1044e. Special Victims' Counsel: victims of sex-related offenses; 
              victims of domestic violence offenses.''.

     SEC. 542. OTHER SPECIAL VICTIMS' COUNSEL MATTERS.

       (a) Enhancement of Legal Consultation and Assistance in 
     Connection With Potential Victim Benefits.--Paragraph (8)(D) 
     of subsection (b) of section 1044e of title 10, United States 
     Code, is amended by striking ``and other'' and inserting ``, 
     section 1408(h) of this title, and other''.
       (b) Expansion of Legal Assistance Authorized to Include 
     Consultation and Assistance for Retaliation.--Subsection (b) 
     of such section is amended further--
       (1) by redesignating paragraph (10) as paragraph (11); and
       (2) by inserting after paragraph (9) the following new 
     paragraph (10):
       ``(10) Legal consultation and assistance in connection with 
     an incident of retaliation, whether such incident occurs 
     before, during, or after the conclusion of any criminal 
     proceedings, including--
       ``(A) in understanding the rights and protections afforded 
     to victims of retaliation;
       ``(B) in the filing of complaints; and
       ``(C) in any resulting military justice proceedings.''.
       (c) Codification of Duty to Determine Victim's Preference 
     for Prosecution of Alleged Sex-related Offense by Court-
     martial or Civilian Court.--
       (1) In general.--Such section is further amended--
       (A) by redesignating subsections (d) through (h) as 
     subsections (e) through (i), respectively; and
       (B) by inserting after subsection (c) the following new 
     subsection (d):
       ``(d) Duty to Determine Victim's Preference for Prosecution 
     of an Alleged Sex-related Offense by Court-martial or 
     Civilian Court.--(1) In providing legal consultation and 
     representation to a victim under this section in connection 
     with an alleged sex-related offense that occurs in the United 
     States, a Special Victims' Counsel shall have the duty--
       ``(A) to solicit the victim's preference regarding whether 
     the offense should be prosecuted by court-martial or in a 
     civilian court with jurisdiction over the offense; and

[[Page S3888]]

       ``(B) to make the victim's preference, if offered, known to 
     appropriate military prosecutors.
       ``(2) Any consultation by a Special Victims' Counsel 
     pursuant to paragraph (1) shall occur in accordance with the 
     process for such consultation established pursuant to section 
     534(b) of the Carl Levin and Howard P. `Buck' McKeon National 
     Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2015 (10 U.S.C. 
     1044e note) or such other process as the Secretary of Defense 
     shall establish for that purpose.''.
       (2) Conforming amendment.--Paragraph (11) of subsection (b) 
     of such section, as redesignated by subsection (b)(1) of this 
     section, is amended by striking ``subsection (h)'' and 
     inserting ``subsection (i)''.
       (d) Effective Date.--The amendments made by this section 
     shall take effect on the date that is 180 days after the date 
     of the enactment of this Act.
       (e) Report on Expansion of Eligibility for SVC Services for 
     Victims of Alleged Domestic Violence Offenses and Related 
     Matters.--
       (1) In general.--Not later than 120 days after the date of 
     the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall 
     submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and 
     the House of Representatives a report setting forth a 
     description and assessment of the manner in which the 
     Department of Defense would implement amendments to section 
     1044e of title 10, United States Code, that would provide for 
     the following:
       (A) An expansion of eligibility for Special Victims' 
     Counsel services for victims of alleged domestic violence 
     offenses.
       (B) An expansion of eligibility for Special Victim's 
     Counsel services to any civilians who are the victim of an 
     alleged sex-related offense or an alleged domestic violence 
     offense, in cases in which the Secretary concerned waives the 
     condition in section 1044(a)(7) of title 10, United States 
     Code, for purposes of such eligibility.
       (2) Elements.--The report required by paragraph (1) shall 
     include a comprehensive description of the additional 
     personnel (including the specific number of additional 
     billets), resources, and training required to implement the 
     amendments described in that paragraph such that such 
     amendments are fully implemented by not later than September 
     30, 2025.
       (3) Definitions.--In this subsection:
       (A) The term ``alleged sex-related offense'' has the 
     meaning given that term in section 1044e(g) of title 10, 
     United States Code.
       (B) The term ``alleged domestic violence offense'' means 
     any allegation of--
       (i) a violation of section 928(b), 928b(1), 928b(5), or 930 
     of title 10, United States Code (article 128(b), 128b(1), 
     128b(5), or 130 of the Uniform Code of Military Justice), 
     when committed against a spouse, intimate partner, or 
     immediate family member;
       (ii) a violation of any other provision of subchapter X of 
     chapter 47 of such title (the Uniform Code of Military 
     Justice), when committed against a spouse, intimate partner, 
     or immediate family member, if specified by any Secretary 
     concerned for purposes of eligibility for legal consultation 
     and assistance by Special Victims' Counsel under the 
     amendments described in paragraph (1); and
       (iii) an attempt to commit an offense specified in clause 
     (i) or (ii) as punishable under section 880 of such title 
     (article 80 of the Uniform Code of Military Justice).
       (C) The term ``Secretary concerned'' has the meaning given 
     that term in section 101(a)(9) of title 10, United States 
     Code.

     SEC. 543. AVAILABILITY OF SPECIAL VICTIMS' COUNSEL AT 
                   MILITARY INSTALLATIONS.

       (a) Deadline for Availability.--If a Special Victims' 
     Counsel is not available at a military installation for 
     access by a member of the Armed Forces who requests access to 
     such a Counsel, such a Counsel shall be made available at 
     such installation for access by such member by not later than 
     72 hours after such request.
       (b) Report on Civilian Support of SVCs.--Not later than 180 
     days after the date of the enactment of this Act, each 
     Secretary of a military department shall submit to the 
     Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of 
     Representatives a report setting forth the assessment of such 
     Secretary of the feasibility and advisability of establishing 
     and maintaining for each Special Victims' Counsel under the 
     jurisdiction of such Secretary one or more civilian positions 
     for the purpose of--
       (1) providing support to such Special Victims' Counsel; and
       (2) ensuring continuity and the preservation of 
     institutional knowledge in transitions between the service of 
     individuals as such Special Victims' Counsel.

     SEC. 544. TRAINING FOR SPECIAL VICTIMS' COUNSEL ON CIVILIAN 
                   CRIMINAL JUSTICE MATTERS IN THE STATES OF THE 
                   MILITARY INSTALLATIONS TO WHICH ASSIGNED.

       (a) Training.--Upon the assignment of a Special Victims' 
     Counsel (including a Victim Legal Counsel of the Navy) to a 
     military installation in the United States, such Counsel 
     shall be provided appropriate training on the law and 
     policies of the State or States in which such military 
     installation is located with respect to the criminal justice 
     matters specified in subsection (b).
       (b) Criminal Justice Matters.--The criminal justice matters 
     specified in this subsection, with respect to a State, are 
     the following:
       (1) Victim rights.
       (2) Protective orders.
       (3) Prosecution of criminal offenses.
       (4) Sentencing for conviction of criminal offenses.

   PART III--BOARDS FOR CORRECTION OF MILITARY RECORDS AND DISCHARGE 
                          REVIEW BOARD MATTERS

     SEC. 546. REPEAL OF 15-YEAR STATUTE OF LIMITATIONS ON MOTIONS 
                   OR REQUESTS FOR REVIEW OF DISCHARGE OR 
                   DISMISSAL FROM THE ARMED FORCES.

       (a) Repeal.--Section 1553(a) of title 10, United States 
     Code, is amended by striking the second sentence.
       (b) Effective Date.--The amendment made by this section 
     shall take effect on October 1, 2020.

     SEC. 547. REDUCTION IN REQUIRED NUMBER OF MEMBERS OF 
                   DISCHARGE REVIEW BOARDS.

       Section 1553(a) of title 10, United States Code, is amended 
     by striking ``five'' and inserting ``not fewer than three''.

     SEC. 548. ENHANCEMENT OF PERSONNEL ON BOARDS FOR THE 
                   CORRECTION OF MILITARY RECORDS AND DISCHARGE 
                   REVIEW BOARDS.

       (a) Boards for the Correction of Military Records.--Section 
     1552 of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
       (1) in subsection (g), by inserting ``, or a social worker 
     with training on mental health issues connected with post-
     traumatic stress disorder or traumatic brain injury or other 
     trauma,'' after ``psychiatrist''; and
       (2) in subsection (h)(2)(A), by inserting ``(including a 
     social worker with training on mental health issues connected 
     with post-traumatic stress disorder or traumatic brain injury 
     or other trauma)'' after ``a civilian health care provider''.
       (b) Discharge Review Boards.--Section 1553 of such title is 
     amended--
       (1) in subsection (d)(1), by inserting ``, or a social 
     worker with training on mental health issues connected with 
     post-traumatic stress disorder or traumatic brain injury or 
     other trauma,'' after ``psychiatrist'' both places it 
     appears; and
       (2) in subsection (e), by inserting ``a social worker with 
     training on mental health issues connected with post-
     traumatic stress disorder or traumatic brain injury or other 
     trauma,'' after ``or psychiatrist,''.

     SEC. 549. INCLUSION OF INTIMATE PARTNER VIOLENCE AND SPOUSAL 
                   ABUSE AMONG SUPPORTING RATIONALES FOR CERTAIN 
                   CLAIMS FOR CORRECTIONS OF MILITARY RECORDS AND 
                   DISCHARGE REVIEW.

       (a) Correction of Military Records.--Section 1552(h)(1) of 
     title 10, United States Code, is amended by striking ``or 
     military sexual trauma'' and inserting ``, sexual trauma, 
     intimate partner violence, or spousal abuse''.
       (b) Discharge Review.--Section 1553(d)(3)(B) of such title 
     is amended by striking ``or military sexual trauma'' and 
     inserting ``, sexual trauma, intimate partner violence, or 
     spousal abuse''.

     SEC. 550. ADVICE AND COUNSEL OF TRAUMA EXPERTS IN REVIEW BY 
                   BOARDS FOR CORRECTION OF MILITARY RECORDS AND 
                   DISCHARGE REVIEW BOARDS OF CERTAIN CLAIMS.

       (a) Boards for Correction of Military Records.--Section 
     1552(g) of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
       (1) by inserting ``(1)'' after ``(g)''; and
       (2) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
       ``(2) If a board established under subsection (a)(1) is 
     reviewing a claim described in subsection (h), the board 
     shall seek advice and counsel in the review from a 
     psychiatrist, psychologist, or social worker with training on 
     mental health issues associated with post-traumatic stress 
     disorder or traumatic brain injury or other trauma as 
     specified in the current edition of the Diagnostic and 
     Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders published by the 
     American Psychiatric Association.
       ``(3) If a board established under subsection (a)(1) is 
     reviewing a claim in which sexual trauma, intimate partner 
     violence, or spousal abuse is claimed, the board shall seek 
     advice and counsel in the review from an expert in trauma 
     specific to sexual assault, intimate partner violence, or 
     spousal abuse, as applicable.''.
       (b) Discharge Review Boards.--Section 1553(d)(1) of such 
     title is amended--
       (1) by inserting ``(A)'' after ``(1)''; and
       (2) by adding at the end the following new subparagraph;
       ``(B) In the case of a former member described in paragraph 
     (3)(B) who claims that the former member's post-traumatic 
     stress disorder or traumatic brain injury as described in 
     that paragraph in based in whole or in part on sexual trauma, 
     intimate partner violence, or spousal abuse, a board 
     established under this section to review the former member's 
     discharge or dismissal shall seek advice and counsel in the 
     review from a psychiatrist, psychologist, or social worker 
     with training on mental health issues associated with post-
     traumatic stress disorder or traumatic brain injury or other 
     trauma as specified in the current edition of the Diagnostic 
     and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders published by the 
     American Psychiatric Association.''.

[[Page S3889]]

  


     SEC. 551. TRAINING OF MEMBERS OF BOARDS FOR CORRECTION OF 
                   MILITARY RECORDS AND DISCHARGE REVIEW BOARDS ON 
                   SEXUAL TRAUMA, INTIMATE PARTNER VIOLENCE, 
                   SPOUSAL ABUSE, AND RELATED MATTERS.

       (a) Boards for Correction of Military Records.--The 
     curriculum of training for members of boards for the 
     correction of military records under section 534(c) of the 
     National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017 (10 
     U.S.C. 1552 note) shall include training on each of the 
     following:
       (1) Sexual trauma.
       (2) Intimate partner violence.
       (3) Spousal abuse.
       (4) The various responses of individuals to trauma.
       (b) Discharge Review Boards.--
       (1) In general.--Each Secretary concerned shall develop and 
     provide training for members of discharge review boards under 
     section 1553 of title 10, United States Code, that are under 
     the jurisdiction of such Secretary on each of the following:
       (A) Sexual trauma.
       (B) Intimate partner violence.
       (C) Spousal abuse.
       (D) The various responses of individuals to trauma.
       (2) Uniformity of training.--The Secretary of Defense and 
     the Secretary of Homeland Security shall jointly ensure that 
     the training developed and provided pursuant to this 
     subsection is, to the extent practicable, uniform.
       (3) Secretary concerned defined.--In this subsection, the 
     term ``Secretary concerned'' has the meaning given that term 
     in section 101(a)(9) of title 10, United States Code.

     SEC. 552. LIMITATIONS AND REQUIREMENTS IN CONNECTION WITH 
                   SEPARATIONS FOR MEMBERS OF THE ARMED FORCES WHO 
                   SUFFER FROM MENTAL HEALTH CONDITIONS IN 
                   CONNECTION WITH A SEX-RELATED, INTIMATE PARTNER 
                   VIOLENCE-RELATED, OR SPOUSAL-ABUSE OFFENSE.

       (a) Confirmation of Diagnosis of Condition Required Before 
     Separation.--Before a member of the Armed Forces who was the 
     victim of a sex-related offense, an intimate partner 
     violence-related offense, or a spousal-abuse offense during 
     service in the Armed Forces (whether or not such offense was 
     committed by another member of the Armed Forces), and who has 
     a mental health condition not amounting to a physical 
     disability, is separated, discharged, or released from the 
     Armed Forces based solely on such condition, the diagnosis of 
     such condition must be--
       (1) corroborated by a competent mental health care 
     professional at the peer level or a higher level of the 
     health care professional making the diagnosis; and
       (2) endorsed by the Surgeon General of the military 
     department concerned.
       (b) Narrative Reason for Separation if Mental Health 
     Condition Present.--If the narrative reason for discharge, 
     separation, or release from the Armed Forces of a member of 
     the Armed Forces is a mental health condition that is not a 
     disability, the appropriate narrative reason for the 
     discharge, separation, or release shall be condition, not a 
     disability, or Secretarial authority.
       (c) Definition.--In this section:
       (1) The term ``intimate partner violence-related offense'' 
     means the following:
       (A) An offense under section 928 or 930 of title 10, United 
     States Code (article 128 or 130 of the Uniform Code of 
     Military Justice).
       (B) An offense under State law for conduct identical or 
     substantially similar to an offense described in subparagraph 
     (A).
       (2) The term ``sex-related offense'' means the following:
       (A) An offense under section 920 or 920b of title 10, 
     United States Code (article 120 or 120b of the Uniform Code 
     of Military Justice).
       (B) An offense under State law for conduct identical or 
     substantially similar to an offense described in subparagraph 
     (A).
       (3) The term ``spousal-abuse offense'' means the following:
       (A) An offense under section 928 of title 10, United States 
     Code (article 128 of the Uniform Code of Military Justice).
       (B) An offense under State law for conduct identical or 
     substantially similar to an offense described in subparagraph 
     (A).
       (d) Effective Date.--This section shall take effect 180 
     days after the date of the enactment of this Act, and shall 
     apply with respect to separations, discharges, and releases 
     from the Armed Forces that occur on or after that effective 
     date.

     SEC. 553. LIBERAL CONSIDERATION OF EVIDENCE IN CERTAIN CLAIMS 
                   BY BOARDS FOR THE CORRECTION OF MILITARY 
                   RECORDS AND DISCHARGE REVIEW BOARDS.

       (a) Boards for the Correction of Military Records.--
       (1) In general.--Section 1552(h) of title 10, United States 
     Code, is amended--
       (A) by striking paragraph (1);
       (B) by striking ``(2) In the case of a claimant described 
     in paragraph (1), a board'' and inserting ``A board'';
       (C) by redesignating subparagraphs (A) and (B) as 
     paragraphs (1) and (2), respectively;
       (D) in paragraph (1), as redesignated by subparagraph (C), 
     by inserting ``all evidence presented by the claimant, 
     including lay evidence and information and'' after 
     ``review''; and
       (E) by striking paragraph (2), as so redesignated, and 
     inserting the following new paragraph (2):
       ``(2) if a claim alleges error or injustice in the 
     claimant's discharge or dismissal, or the characterization of 
     such discharge or dismissal, review such claim with liberal 
     consideration of all evidence and information submitted by, 
     or pertaining to, the claimant.''.
       (2) Effective date.--The amendments made by paragraph (1) 
     shall take effect on the date of the enactment of this Act, 
     and shall apply with respect to claims submitted to boards 
     for the correction of military records under section 1552 of 
     title 10, United States Code, on or after that date.
       (b) Discharge Review Boards.--
       (1) In general.--Section 1553 of title 10, United States 
     Code, is amended--
       (A) in subsection (c)--
       (i) by inserting ``(1)'' after ``(c)''; and
       (ii) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
       ``(2) A board established under this section shall--
       ``(A) review all evidence and information provided by the 
     former member, including lay evidence and information and 
     medical evidence of the Secretary of Veterans Affairs or a 
     civilian health care provider that is provided by the former 
     member; and
       ``(B) review the claim with liberal consideration of all 
     evidence and information submitted by, or pertaining to, the 
     former member.''; and
       (B) in subsection (d), by striking paragraph (3).
       (2) Effective date.--The amendments made by paragraph (1) 
     shall take effect on the date of the enactment of this Act, 
     and shall apply with respect to motions or requests for 
     review submitted to discharge review boards under section 
     1553 of title 10, United States Code, on or after that date.

                PART IV--OTHER MILITARY JUSTICE MATTERS

     SEC. 555. EXPANSION OF PRE-REFERRAL MATTERS REVIEWABLE BY 
                   MILITARY JUDGES AND MILITARY MAGISTRATES IN THE 
                   INTEREST OF EFFICIENCY IN MILITARY JUSTICE.

       (a) In General.--Subsection (a) of section 830a of title 
     10, United States Code (article 30a of the Uniform Code of 
     Military Justice), is amended by striking paragraphs (1) and 
     (2) and inserting the following new paragraphs:
       ``(1) The President shall prescribe regulations for matters 
     relating to proceedings conducted before referral of charges 
     and specifications to court-martial for trial, including the 
     following:
       ``(A) Pre-referral investigative subpoenas.
       ``(B) Pre-referral warrants or orders for electronic 
     communications.
       ``(C) Pre-referral matters referred by an appellate court.
       ``(D) Pre-referral matters under subsection (c) or (e) of 
     section 806b of this title (article 6b).
       ``(E) Pre-referral matters relating to the following:
       ``(i) Pre-trial confinement of an accused.
       ``(ii) The mental capacity or responsibility of an accused.
       ``(iii) A request for an individual military counsel.
       ``(2) In addition to the matters specified in paragraph 
     (1), the regulations prescribed under that paragraph shall--
       ``(A) set forth the matters that a military judge may rule 
     upon in such proceedings;
       ``(B) include procedures for the review of such rulings;
       ``(C) include appropriate limitations to ensure that 
     proceedings under this section extend only to matters that 
     would be subject to consideration by a military judge in a 
     general or special court-martial;
       ``(D) provide such limitations on the relief that may be 
     ordered under this section as the President considers 
     appropriate; and
       ``(E) provide for treatment of such other pre-referral 
     matters as the President may prescribe.''.
       (b) Conforming and Clerical Amendments.--
       (1) Heading amendment.--The heading of such section is 
     amended to read as follows:

     ``Sec. 830a. Art 30a. Proceedings conducted before 
       referral''.

       (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at the 
     beginning of subchapter VI of chapter 47 of title 10, United 
     States Code (the Uniform Code of Military Justice), is 
     amended by striking the item relating to section 830a 
     (article 30a) and inserting the following new item:

``830a. 30a. Proceedings conducted before referral.''.

     SEC. 556. POLICIES AND PROCEDURES ON REGISTRATION AT MILITARY 
                   INSTALLATIONS OF CIVILIAN PROTECTIVE ORDERS 
                   APPLICABLE TO MEMBERS OF THE ARMED FORCES 
                   ASSIGNED TO SUCH INSTALLATIONS AND CERTAIN 
                   OTHER INDIVIDUALS.

       (a) Policies and Procedures Required.--Not later than one 
     year after the date of the enactment of this Act, the 
     Secretary of Defense shall, in consultation with the 
     Secretaries of the military departments, establish policies 
     and procedures for the registration at military installations 
     of any civilian protective orders described in subsection 
     (b), including the duties and responsibilities of commanders 
     of installations in the registration process.
       (b) Civilian Protective Orders.--A civilian protective 
     order described in this subsection is any civilian protective 
     order as follows:

[[Page S3890]]

       (1) A civilian protective order against a member of the 
     Armed Forces assigned to the installation concerned.
       (2) A civilian protective order against a civilian employee 
     employed at the installation concerned.
       (3) A civilian protective order against the civilian spouse 
     or intimate partner of a member of the Armed Forces on active 
     duty and assigned to the installation concerned, or of a 
     civilian employee described in paragraph (2), which order 
     provides for the protection of such member or employee.
       (c) Particular Elements.--The policies and procedures 
     required by subsection (a) shall include the following:
       (1) A requirement for notice between and among the 
     commander, military law enforcement elements, and military 
     criminal investigative elements of an installation when a 
     member of the Armed Forces assigned to such installation, a 
     civilian employee employed at such installation, a civilian 
     spouse or intimate partner of a member assigned to such 
     installation, or a civilian spouse or intimate partner of a 
     civilian employee employed at such installation becomes 
     subject to a civilian protective order.
       (2) A statement of policy that failure to register a 
     civilian protective order may not be a justification for the 
     lack of enforcement of such order by military law enforcement 
     and other applicable personnel who have knowledge of such 
     order.
       (d) Letter.--As soon as practicable after establishing the 
     policies and procedures required by subsection (a), the 
     Secretary shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services of 
     the Senate and the House of Representatives a letter that 
     includes the following:
       (1) A detailed description of the policies and procedures.
       (2) A certification by the Secretary that the policies and 
     procedures have been implemented on each military 
     installation.

     SEC. 557. INCREASE IN NUMBER OF DIGITAL FORENSIC EXAMINERS 
                   FOR THE MILITARY CRIMINAL INVESTIGATIVE 
                   ORGANIZATIONS.

       (a) In General.--Each Secretary of a military department 
     shall take appropriate actions to increase the number of 
     digital forensic examiners in each military criminal 
     investigative organization (MCIO) under the jurisdiction of 
     such Secretary by not fewer than 10 from the authorized 
     number of such examiners for such organization as of 
     September 30, 2019.
       (b) Military Criminal Investigative Organizations.--For 
     purposes of this section, the military criminal investigative 
     organizations are the following:
       (1) The Army Criminal Investigation Command.
       (2) The Naval Criminal Investigative Service.
       (3) The Air Force Office of Special Investigations.
       (4) The Marine Corps Criminal Investigation Division.
       (c) Funding.--Funds for additional digital forensic 
     examiners as required by subsection (a) for fiscal year 2020, 
     including for compensation, initial training, and equipment, 
     shall be derived from amounts authorized to be appropriated 
     for that fiscal year for the Armed Force concerned for 
     operation and maintenance.

     SEC. 558. SURVEY OF MEMBERS OF THE ARMED FORCES ON THEIR 
                   EXPERIENCES WITH MILITARY INVESTIGATIONS AND 
                   MILITARY JUSTICE.

       (a) In General.--Chapter 23 of title 10, United States 
     Code, is amended by inserting after section 481a the 
     following new section:

     ``Sec. 481b. Military investigation and justice experiences: 
       survey of members of the armed forces

       ``(a) Surveys Required.--(1) The Secretary of Defense shall 
     conduct from time to time a survey on the experiences of 
     members of the armed forces with military investigations and 
     military justice in accordance with this section and guidance 
     issued by the Secretary for purposes of this section.
       ``(2) The survey under this section shall be known as the 
     `Military Investigation and Justice Experience Survey'.
       ``(b) Matters Covered by Survey.--The guidance issued by 
     the Secretary under this section on the survey shall include 
     specification of the following:
       ``(1) The individuals to be surveyed, including any member 
     of the armed forces serving on active duty who is a victim of 
     an alleged sex-related offense and who made an unrestricted 
     report of that offense.
       ``(2) The matters to be covered in the survey, including--
       ``(A) the experience of the individuals surveyed with the 
     military criminal investigative organization that 
     investigated the alleged offense, and with the Special 
     Victims' Counsel in the case of a member who was the victim 
     of an alleged sex-related offense; and
       ``(B) if the individual's report resulted in a charge or 
     charges that were referred to a court-martial, the experience 
     of the individual with the prosecutor and the court-martial 
     in general.
       ``(3) The timing of the administration of the survey, 
     including when the investigation or case is closed or 
     otherwise complete.
       ``(c) Frequency of Survey.--The survey required by this 
     section shall be conducted at least once every four years, 
     but not more frequently than once every two years.
       ``(d) Definitions.--In this section:
       ``(1) Alleged sex-related offense.--The term `alleged sex-
     related offense' has the meaning provided in section 1044e(g) 
     of this title.
       ``(2) Unrestricted report.--The term `unrestricted report' 
     means a report that is not a restricted report.
       ``(3) Restricted report.--The term `restricted report' 
     means a report concerning a sexual assault that is treated as 
     a restricted report under section 1565b(b) of this title.''.
       (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the 
     beginning of chapter 23 of such title is amended by inserting 
     after the item relating to section 481a the following new 
     item:

``481b. Military investigation and justice experiences: survey of 
              members of the armed forces.''.

     SEC. 559. PUBLIC ACCESS TO DOCKETS, FILINGS, AND COURT 
                   RECORDS OF COURTS-MARTIAL OR OTHER RECORDS OF 
                   TRIAL OF THE MILITARY JUSTICE SYSTEM.

       (a) In General.--Section 940a of title 10, United States 
     Code (article 140a of the Uniform Code of Military Justice), 
     is amended--
       (1) by striking ``The Secretary of Defense'' and inserting 
     ``(a) In General.--The Secretary of Defense, in consultation 
     with the Secretary of Homeland Security,'';
       (2) in subsection (a), as designated by paragraph (1)--
       (A) in the matter preceding paragraph (1), by inserting 
     ``(including with respect to the Coast Guard)'' after 
     ``military justice system''; and
       (B) in paragraph (4), by inserting ``public'' before 
     ``access to docket information''; and
       (3) by adding at the end the following new subsections:
       ``(b) Inapplicability of Privacy Act.--Section 552a of 
     title 5 shall not apply to records of trial produced or 
     distributed within the military justice system or docket 
     information, filings, and records made publicly accessible in 
     accordance with the uniform standards and criteria for 
     conduct established by the Secretary under subsection (a).
       ``(c) Protection of Certain Personally Identifiable 
     Information.--Records of trial, docket information, filings, 
     and other records made publicly accessible in accordance with 
     the uniform standards and criteria for conduct established by 
     the Secretary under subsection (a) shall restrict access to 
     personally identifiable information of minors and victims of 
     crime (including victims of sexual assault and domestic 
     violence), as practicable to the extent such information is 
     restricted in electronic filing systems of Federal and State 
     courts.
       ``(d) Inapplicability to Certain Dockets and Records.--
     Nothing in this section shall be construed to provide public 
     access to docket information, filings, or records that are 
     classified, subject to a judicial protective order, or 
     ordered sealed.''.
       (b) Existing Standards and Criteria.--The Secretary of 
     Homeland Security shall apply to the Coast Guard the 
     standards and criteria for conduct established by the 
     Secretary of Defense under section 940a of title 10, United 
     States Code (article 140a of the Uniform Code of Military 
     Justice), as in effect on the day before the date of the 
     enactment of this Act, until such time as the Secretary of 
     Defense, in consultation with the Secretary of Homeland 
     Security, prescribes revised standards and criteria for 
     conduct under such section that implement the amendments made 
     by subsection (a) of this section.

     SEC. 560. PILOT PROGRAMS ON DEFENSE INVESTIGATORS IN THE 
                   MILITARY JUSTICE SYSTEM.

       (a) In General.--Each Secretary of a military department 
     shall carry out a pilot program on defense investigators 
     within the military justice system under the jurisdiction of 
     such Secretary in order to do the following:
       (1) Determine whether the presence of defense investigators 
     within such military justice system will--
       (A) make such military justice system more effective in 
     determining the truth; and
       (B) make such military justice system more fair and 
     efficient.
       (2) Otherwise assess the feasibility and advisability of 
     defense investigators as an element of such military justice 
     system.
       (b) Elements.--
       (1) Model of similar civilian criminal justice systems.--
     Defense investigators under each pilot program under 
     subsection (a) shall consist of personnel, and participate in 
     the military justice system concerned, in a manner similar to 
     that of defense investigators in civilian criminal justice 
     systems that are similar to the military justice systems of 
     the military departments.
       (2) Interview of victim.--A defense investigator may 
     question a victim under a pilot program only upon a request 
     made through the Special Victims' Counsel or other counsel of 
     the victim, or trial counsel if the victim does not have such 
     counsel.
       (3) Uniformity across military justice systems.--The 
     Secretary of Defense shall ensure that the personnel and 
     activities of defense investigators under the pilot programs 
     are, to the extent practicable, uniform across the military 
     justice systems of the military departments.
       (c) Report.--
       (1) In general.--Not later than three years after the date 
     of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall, 
     in consultation with the Secretaries of the military 
     departments, submit to the Committees on Armed Services of 
     the Senate and the House

[[Page S3891]]

     of Representatives a report on the pilot programs under 
     subsection (a).
       (2) Elements.--The report required by paragraph (1) shall 
     include the following:
       (A) A description of each pilot program, including the 
     personnel and activities of defense investigators under such 
     pilot program.
       (B) An assessment of the feasibility and advisability of 
     establishing and maintaining defense investigators as an 
     element of the military justice systems of the military 
     departments.
       (C) If the assessment under subparagraph (B) is that the 
     establishment and maintenance of defense investigators as an 
     element of the military justice systems of the military 
     departments is feasible and advisable, such recommendations 
     for legislative and administrative action as the Secretary of 
     Defense considers appropriate to establish and maintain 
     defense investigators as an element of the military justice 
     systems.
       (D) Any other matters the Secretary of Defense considers 
     appropriate.

     SEC. 561. REPORT ON MILITARY JUSTICE SYSTEM INVOLVING 
                   ALTERNATIVE AUTHORITY FOR DETERMINING WHETHER 
                   TO PREFER OR REFER CHANGES FOR FELONY OFFENSES 
                   UNDER THE UNIFORM CODE OF MILITARY JUSTICE.

       (a) Report Required.--
       (1) In general.--Not later than 300 days after the date of 
     the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall 
     submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and 
     the House of Representatives a report setting forth the 
     results of a study, conducted for purposes of the report, on 
     the feasibility and advisability of an alternative military 
     justice system in which determinations as to whether to 
     prefer or refer charges for trial by court-martial for any 
     offense specified in paragraph (2) is made by a judge 
     advocate in grade O-6 or higher who has significant 
     experience in criminal litigation and is outside of the chain 
     of command of the member subject to the charges rather than 
     by a commanding officer of the member who is in the chain of 
     command of the member.
       (2) Specified offense.--An offense specified in this 
     paragraph is any offense under chapter 47 of title 10, United 
     States Code (the Uniform Code of Military Justice), for which 
     the maximum punishment authorized includes confinement for 
     more than one year.
       (b) Elements.--The study required for purposes of the 
     report under subsection (a) shall address the following:
       (1) Relevant procedural, legal, and policy implications and 
     considerations of the alternative military justice system 
     described in subsection (a).
       (2) An analysis of the following in connection with the 
     implementation and maintenance of the alternative military 
     justice system:
       (A) Legal personnel requirements.
       (B) Changes in force structure.
       (C) Amendments to law.
       (D) Impacts on the timeliness and efficiency of legal 
     processes and court-martial adjudications.
       (E) Potential legal challenges to the system.
       (F) Potential changes in prosecution and conviction rates.
       (G) Potential impacts on the preservation of good order and 
     discipline, including the ability of a commander to carry out 
     nonjudicial punishment and other administrative actions.
       (H) Such other considerations as the Secretary considers 
     appropriate.
       (3) A comparative analysis of the military justice systems 
     of relevant foreign allies with the current military justice 
     system of the United States and the alternative military 
     justice system, including whether or not approaches of the 
     military justice systems of such allies to determinations 
     described in subsection (a) are appropriate for the military 
     justice system of the United States.
       (4) An assessment of the feasibility and advisability of 
     conducting a pilot program to assess the feasibility and 
     advisability of the alternative military justice system, and, 
     if the pilot program is determined to be feasible and 
     advisable--
       (A) an analysis of potential legal issues in connection 
     with the pilot program, including potential issues for 
     appeals; and
       (B) recommendations on the following:
       (i) The populations to be subject to the pilot program.
       (ii) The duration of the pilot program.
       (iii) Metrics to measure the effectiveness of the pilot 
     program.
       (iv) The resources to be used to conduct the pilot program.

     SEC. 562. REPORT ON STANDARDIZATION AMONG THE MILITARY 
                   DEPARTMENTS IN COLLECTION AND PRESENTATION OF 
                   INFORMATION ON MATTERS WITHIN THE MILITARY 
                   JUSTICE SYSTEM.

       Not later than 180 days after the date of the enactment of 
     this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall, in consultation 
     with the Secretaries of the military departments, submit to 
     the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House 
     of Representatives a report setting forth the following:
       (1) A plan for actions to provide for standardization, to 
     the extent practicable, among the military departments in the 
     collection and presentation of information on matters within 
     their military justice systems, including information 
     collected and maintained for purposes of section 940a of 
     title 10, United States Code (article 140a of the Uniform 
     Code of Military Justice), and such other information as the 
     Secretary considers appropriate.
       (2) An assessment of the feasibility and advisability of 
     establishing and maintaining a single, Department of Defense-
     wide data management system for the standardized collection 
     and presentation of information described in paragraph (1).

     SEC. 563. REPORT ON ESTABLISHMENT OF GUARDIAN AD LITEM 
                   PROGRAM FOR CERTAIN MILITARY DEPENDENTS WHO ARE 
                   A VICTIM OR WITNESS OF OFFENSES UNDER THE 
                   UNIFORM CODE OF MILITARY JUSTICE INVOLVING 
                   ABUSE OR EXPLOITATION.

       (a) Report Required.--
       (1) In general.--Not later than one year after the date of 
     the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall 
     submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and 
     the House of Representatives a report setting forth an 
     assessment of the feasibility and advisability of 
     establishing a guardian ad litem program for military 
     dependents described in paragraph (2) who are a victim or 
     witness of an offense under chapter 47 of title 10, United 
     States Code (the Uniform Code of Military Justice), that 
     involves an element of abuse or exploitation in order to 
     protect the best interests of such dependents in a court-
     martial of such offense.
       (2) Covered dependents.--The military dependents described 
     in this paragraph are as follows:
       (A) Military dependents under 12 years of age.
       (B) Military dependents who lack mental or other capacity.
       (b) Elements.--The report required by subsection (a) shall 
     include the following:
       (1) An assessment of the feasibility and advisability of 
     establishing a guardian ad litem program as described in 
     subsection (a).
       (2) If establishment of the guardian ad litem program is 
     considered feasible and advisable, the following:
       (A) A description of administrative requirements in 
     connection with the program, including the following:
       (i) Any memoranda of understanding between the Department 
     of Defense and State and local authorities required for 
     purposes of the program.
       (ii) The personnel, funding, and other resources required 
     for purposes of the program.
       (B) Best practices for the program (as determined in 
     consultation with appropriate civilian experts on child 
     advocacy).
       (C) Such recommendations for legislative and administration 
     action to implement the program as the Secretary considers 
     appropriate.

   Subtitle E--Member Education, Training, Transition, and Resilience

     SEC. 566. CONSECUTIVE SERVICE OF SERVICE OBLIGATION IN 
                   CONNECTION WITH PAYMENT OF TUITION FOR OFF-DUTY 
                   TRAINING OR EDUCATION FOR COMMISSIONED OFFICERS 
                   OF THE ARMED FORCES WITH ANY OTHER SERVICE 
                   OBLIGATIONS.

       (a) In General.--Section 2007(b) of title 10, United States 
     Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new 
     paragraph:
       ``(3) Any active duty service obligation of a commissioned 
     officer under this subsection shall be served consecutively 
     with any other service obligation of the officer (whether 
     active duty or otherwise) under any other provision of 
     law.''.
       (b) Effective Date.--The amendment made by this section 
     shall take effect on the date of the enactment of this Act, 
     and shall apply with respect to agreements for the payment of 
     tuition for off-duty training or education that are entered 
     into on or after that date.

     SEC. 567. AUTHORITY FOR DETAIL OF CERTAIN ENLISTED MEMBERS OF 
                   THE ARMED FORCES AS STUDENTS AT LAW SCHOOLS.

       (a) In General.--Section 2004 of title 10, United States 
     Code, is amended--
       (1) in subsection (a)--
       (A) by inserting ``and enlisted members'' after 
     ``commissioned officers'';
       (B) by striking ``bachelor of laws or''; and
       (C) by inserting ``and enlisted members'' after ``twenty-
     five officers'';
       (2) in subsection (b)--
       (A) in the matter preceding paragraph (1), by inserting 
     ``or enlisted member'' after ``officer'';
       (B) by striking paragraph (1) and inserting the following 
     new paragraph (1):
       ``(1) either--
       ``(A) have served on active duty for a period of not less 
     than two years nor more than six years and be an officer in 
     the pay grade O-3 or below as of the time the training is to 
     begin; or
       ``(B) have served on active duty for a period of not less 
     than four years nor more than eight years and be an enlisted 
     member in the pay grade E-5, E-6, or E-7 as of the time the 
     training is to begin;'';
       (C) by redesignating paragraph (2) as paragraph (3);
       (D) by inserting after paragraph (1), as amended by 
     subparagraph (B), the following new paragraph (2):
       ``(2) in the case of an enlisted member, meet all 
     requirements for acceptance of a commission as a commissioned 
     officer in the armed forces; and''; and
       (E) in subparagraph (B) of paragraph (3), as redesignated 
     by subparagraph (C) of this paragraph, by striking ``or law 
     specialist'';

[[Page S3892]]

       (3) in subsection (c)--
       (A) in the first sentence, by inserting ``and enlisted 
     members'' after ``Officers''; and
       (B) in the second sentence, by inserting ``or enlisted 
     member'' after ``officer'' each place it appears;
       (4) in subsection (d), by inserting ``and enlistment 
     members'' after ``officers'';
       (5) in subsection (e), by inserting ``or enlistment 
     member'' after ``officer''; and
       (6) in subsection (f), by inserting ``or enlisted member'' 
     after ``officer''.
       (b) Conforming and Clerical Amendments.--
       (1) Heading amendment.--The heading of such section is 
     amended to read as follows:

     ``Sec. 2004. Detail as students at law schools; commissioned 
       officers; certain enlisted members''.

       (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at the 
     beginning of chapter 101 of such title is amended by striking 
     the item relating to section 2004 and inserting the following 
     new item:

``2004. Detail as students at law schools; commissioned officers; 
              certain enlisted members.''.

     SEC. 568. CONNECTIONS OF MEMBERS RETIRING OR SEPARATING FROM 
                   THE ARMED FORCES WITH COMMUNITY-BASED 
                   ORGANIZATIONS AND RELATED ENTITIES.

       (a) In General.--The Secretary of Defense and the Secretary 
     of Veterans Affairs shall jointly seek to enter into 
     memoranda of understanding (MOUs) or other agreements with 
     State veterans agencies under which information from 
     Department of Defense Form DD-2648 on individuals undergoing 
     retirement, discharge, or release from the Armed Forces is 
     transmitted to one or more State veterans agencies, as 
     elected by such individuals, to provide or connect veterans 
     to benefits or services as follows:
       (1) Assistance in preparation of resumes.
       (2) Training for employment interviews.
       (3) Employment recruitment training.
       (4) Other services leading directly to a successful 
     transition from military life to civilian life.
       (5) Healthcare, including care for mental health.
       (6) Transportation or transportation-related services.
       (7) Housing.
       (8) Such other benefits or services as the Secretaries 
     jointly consider appropriate for purposes of this section.
       (b) Information Transmitted.--The information transmitted 
     on individuals as described in subsection (a) shall be such 
     information on Form DD-2648 as the Secretaries jointly 
     consider appropriate to facilitate community-based 
     organizations and related entities in providing or connecting 
     such individuals to benefits and services as described in 
     subsection (a).
       (c) Modification of Form DD-2648.--The Secretary of Defense 
     shall make such modifications to Form DD-2648 as the 
     Secretary considers appropriate to allow an individual 
     filling out the form to indicate an email address at which 
     the individual may be contacted to receive or be connected to 
     benefits or services described in subsection (a).
       (d) Voluntary Participation.--Information on an individual 
     may be transmitted to and through a State veterans agency as 
     described in subsection (a) only with the consent of the 
     individual. In giving such consent, an individual shall 
     specify the following:
       (1) The State veterans agency or agencies elected by the 
     individual to transmit such information as described in 
     subsection (a).
       (2) The benefits and services for which contact information 
     shall be so transmitted.
       (3) Such other information on the individual as the 
     individual considers appropriate in connection with the 
     transmittal.

Subtitle F--Defense Dependents' Education and Military Family Readiness 
                                Matters

             PART I--DEFENSE DEPENDENTS' EDUCATION MATTERS

     SEC. 571. CONTINUATION OF AUTHORITY TO ASSIST LOCAL 
                   EDUCATIONAL AGENCIES THAT BENEFIT DEPENDENTS OF 
                   MEMBERS OF THE ARMED FORCES AND DEPARTMENT OF 
                   DEFENSE CIVILIAN EMPLOYEES.

       (a) Assistance to Schools With Significant Numbers of 
     Military Dependent Students.--Of the amount authorized to be 
     appropriated for fiscal year 2020 by section 301 and 
     available for operation and maintenance for Defense-wide 
     activities as specified in the funding table in section 4301, 
     $40,000,000 shall be available only for the purpose of 
     providing assistance to local educational agencies under 
     subsection (a) of section 572 of the National Defense 
     Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2006 (Public Law 109-163; 
     20 U.S.C. 7703b).
       (b) Local Educational Agency Defined.--In this section, the 
     term ``local educational agency'' has the meaning given that 
     term in section 7013(9) of the Elementary and Secondary 
     Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 7713(9)).

     SEC. 572. IMPACT AID FOR CHILDREN WITH SEVERE DISABILITIES.

       (a) In General.--Of the amount authorized to be 
     appropriated for fiscal year 2020 pursuant to section 301 and 
     available for operation and maintenance for Defense-wide 
     activities as specified in the funding table in section 4301, 
     $10,000,000 shall be available for payments under section 363 
     of the Floyd D. Spence National Defense Authorization Act for 
     Fiscal Year 2001 (as enacted into law by Public Law 106-398; 
     114 Stat. 1654A-77; 20 U.S.C. 7703a).
       (b) Use of Certain Amount.--Of the amount available under 
     subsection (a) for payments as described in that subsection, 
     $5,000,000 shall be available for such payments to local 
     educational agencies determined by the Secretary of Defense, 
     in the discretion of the Secretary, to have higher 
     concentrations of military children with severe disabilities.

     SEC. 573. RI'KATAK GUEST STUDENT PROGRAM AT UNITED STATES 
                   ARMY GARRISON-KWAJALEIN ATOLL.

       (a) Program Authorized.--The Secretary of the Army may 
     conduct an assistance program to educate up to five local 
     national students per grade, per academic year, on a space-
     available basis at the contractor-operated schools on United 
     States Army GarrisonUKwajalein Atoll. The program shall be 
     known as the ``Ri'katak Guest Student Program''.
       (b) Student Assistance.--Assistance that may be provided to 
     students participating in the program carried out pursuant to 
     subsection (a) includes the following:
       (1) Classroom instruction.
       (2) Extracurricular activities.
       (3) Student meals.
       (4) Transportation.

               PART II--MILITARY FAMILY READINESS MATTERS

     SEC. 576. TWO-YEAR EXTENSION OF AUTHORITY FOR REIMBURSEMENT 
                   FOR STATE LICENSURE AND CERTIFICATION COSTS OF 
                   SPOUSES OF MEMBERS OF THE ARMED FORCES ARISING 
                   FROM RELOCATION TO ANOTHER STATE.

       Section 476(p)(4) of title 37, United States Code, is 
     amended by striking ``December 31, 2022'' and inserting 
     ``December 31, 2024''.

     SEC. 577. IMPROVEMENT OF OCCUPATIONAL LICENSE PORTABILITY FOR 
                   MILITARY SPOUSES THROUGH INTERSTATE COMPACTS.

       Section 1784 of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
     adding at the end the following new subsection:
       ``(h) Improvement of Occupational License Portability 
     Through Interstate Compacts.--
       ``(1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense shall seek to 
     enter into a cooperative agreement with the Council of State 
     Governments to assist with funding of the development of 
     interstate compacts on licensed occupations in order to 
     alleviate the burden associated with relicensing in such an 
     occupation by spouse of a member of the armed forces in 
     connection with a permanent change of duty station of members 
     to another State.
       ``(2) Limitation on assistance per compact.--The amount 
     provided under paragraph (1) as assistance for the 
     development of any particular interstate compact may not 
     exceed $1,000,000.
       ``(3) Limitation on total amount of assistance.--The total 
     amount of assistance provided under paragraph (1) in any 
     fiscal year may not exceed $4,000,000.
       ``(4) Annual report.--Not later than February 28 each year, 
     the Secretary shall submit to the Committees on Armed 
     Services of the Senate and the House of Representatives a 
     report on interstate compacts described in paragraph (1) 
     developed through assistance provided under that paragraph. 
     Each report shall set forth the following:
       ``(A) Any interstate compact developed during the preceding 
     calendar year, including the occupational licenses covered by 
     such compact and the States agreeing to enter into such 
     compact.
       ``(B) Any interstate compact developed during a prior 
     calendar year into which one or more additional States agreed 
     to enter during the preceding calendar year.
       ``(5) Expiration.--The authority to enter into a 
     cooperative agreement under paragraph (1), and to provide 
     assistance described in that paragraph pursuant to such 
     cooperative agreement, shall expire on September 30, 2024.''.

     SEC. 578. MODIFICATION OF RESPONSIBILITY OF THE OFFICE OF 
                   SPECIAL NEEDS FOR INDIVIDUALIZED SERVICE PLANS 
                   FOR MEMBERS OF MILITARY FAMILIES WITH SPECIAL 
                   NEEDS.

       Subparagraph (F) of section 1781c(d)(4) of title 10, United 
     States Code, is amended to read as follows:
       ``(F) Requirements regarding the development of an 
     individualized services plan for each military family member 
     with special needs when requested in connection with the 
     completion of a family needs assessment for the military 
     family concerned.''.

     SEC. 579. CLARIFYING TECHNICAL AMENDMENT ON DIRECT HIRE 
                   AUTHORITY FOR THE DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE FOR 
                   CHILDCARE SERVICES PROVIDERS FOR DEPARTMENT 
                   CHILD DEVELOPMENT CENTERS.

       Section 559(e) of the National Defense Authorization Act 
     for Fiscal Year 2018 (Public Law 115-91; 131 Stat. 1406; 10 
     U.S.C. 1792 note) is amended by inserting ``(including family 
     childcare coordinator services and school age childcare 
     coordinator services)'' after ``childcare services''.

     SEC. 580. PILOT PROGRAM ON INFORMATION SHARING BETWEEN 
                   DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE AND DESIGNATED RELATIVES 
                   AND FRIENDS OF MEMBERS OF THE ARMED FORCES 
                   REGARDING THE EXPERIENCES AND CHALLENGES OF 
                   MILITARY SERVICE.

       (a) Pilot Program Required.--
       (1) In general.--Not later than one year after the date of 
     the enactment of this Act,

[[Page S3893]]

     the Secretary of Defense shall seek to enter into an 
     agreement with the American Red Cross to carry out a pilot 
     program under which the American Red Cross--
       (A) encourages a member of the Armed Forces, upon the 
     enlistment or appointment of such member, to designate up to 
     10 persons to whom information regarding the military service 
     of such member shall be disseminated using contact 
     information obtained under paragraph (6); and
       (B) provides such persons, within 30 days after the date on 
     which such persons are designated under subparagraph (A), the 
     option to elect to receive such information regarding 
     military service.
       (2) Dissemination.--The Secretary shall disseminate 
     information described in paragraph (1)(A) under the pilot 
     program on a regular basis.
       (3) Types of information.--The types of information to be 
     disseminated under the pilot program to persons who elect to 
     receive such information shall include information 
     regarding--
       (A) aspects of daily life and routine experienced by 
     members of the Armed Forces;
       (B) the challenges and stresses of military service, 
     particularly during and after deployment as part of a 
     contingency operation;
       (C) the services available to members of the Armed Forces 
     and the dependents of such members to cope with the 
     experiences and challenges of military service;
       (D) benefits administered by the Department of Defense for 
     members of the Armed Forces and the dependents of such 
     members;
       (E) a toll-free telephone number through which such persons 
     who elect to receive information under the pilot program may 
     request information regarding the program; and
       (F) such other information as the Secretary determines to 
     be appropriate.
       (4) Privacy of information.--In carrying out the pilot 
     program, the Secretary may not disseminate information under 
     paragraph (3) in violation of laws and regulations pertaining 
     to the privacy of members of the Armed Forces, including 
     requirements pursuant to--
       (A) section 552a of title 5, United States Code; and
       (B) the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act 
     of 1996 (Public Law 104-191).
       (5) Notice and modifications.--In carrying out the pilot 
     program, the Secretary shall, with respect to a member of the 
     Armed Forces--
       (A) ensure that such member is notified of the ability to 
     modify designations made by such member under paragraph 
     (1)(B); and
       (B) upon the request of a member, authorize such member to 
     modify such designations at any time.
       (6) Contact information.--In making a designation under the 
     pilot program, a member of the Armed Forces shall provide 
     necessary contact information, specifically including an 
     email address, to facilitate the dissemination of information 
     regarding the military service of the member.
       (7) Opt-in and opt-out of program.--
       (A) Opt-in by members.--A member may participate in the 
     pilot program only if the member voluntarily elects to 
     participate in the program. A member seeking to make such an 
     election shall make such election in a manner, and by 
     including such information, as the Secretary and the Red 
     Cross shall jointly specify for purposes of the pilot 
     program.
       (B) Opt-in by designated recipients.--A person designated 
     pursuant to paragraph (1)(A) may receive information under 
     the pilot program only if the person makes the election 
     described in paragraph(1)(B).
       (C) Opt-out.--In carrying out the pilot program, the 
     Secretary shall, with respect to a person who has elected to 
     receive information under such pilot program, cease 
     disseminating such information to that person upon request of 
     such person.
       (b) Survey and Report on Pilot Program.--
       (1) Survey.--Not later than two years after the date on 
     which the pilot program commences, the Secretary, in 
     consultation with the American Red Cross, shall administer a 
     survey to persons who elected to receive information under 
     the pilot program for the purpose of receiving feedback 
     regarding the quality of information disseminated under this 
     section, including whether such information appropriately 
     reflects the military career progression of members of the 
     Armed Forces.
       (2) Report.--Not later than three years after the date on 
     which the pilot program commences, the Secretary shall submit 
     to the congressional defense committees a final report on the 
     pilot program which includes--
       (A) the results of the survey administered under paragraph 
     (1);
       (B) a determination as to whether the pilot program should 
     be made permanent; and
       (C) recommendations as to modifications necessary to 
     improve the program if made permanent.
       (c) Termination of Pilot Program.--The pilot program shall 
     terminate upon submission of the report required by 
     subsection (b)(2).

     SEC. 581. BRIEFING ON USE OF FAMILY ADVOCACY PROGRAMS TO 
                   ADDRESS DOMESTIC VIOLENCE.

       Not later than 180 days after the date of the enactment of 
     this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall provide to the 
     Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of 
     Representatives a briefing on various mechanisms by which the 
     Family Advocacy Programs (FAPs) of the military departments 
     may be used and enhanced in order to end domestic violence 
     among members of the Armed Forces and support survivors of 
     such violence and their dependents.

                   Subtitle G--Decorations and Awards

     SEC. 585. AUTHORIZATION FOR AWARD OF THE MEDAL OF HONOR TO 
                   JOHN J. DUFFY FOR ACTS OF VALOR IN VIETNAM.

       (a) Waiver of Time Limitations.--Notwithstanding the time 
     limitations specified in section 3744 of title 10, United 
     States Code, or any other time limitation with respect to the 
     awarding of certain medals to persons who served in the Armed 
     Forces, the President may award the Medal of Honor under 
     section 3741 of such title to John J. Duffy for the acts of 
     valor in Vietnam described in subsection (b).
       (b) Acts of Valor Described.--The acts of valor referred to 
     in subsection (a) are the actions of John J. Duffy on April 
     14 and 15, 1972, in Vietnam for which he was previously 
     awarded the Distinguished-Service Cross.

     SEC. 586. STANDARDIZATION OF HONORABLE SERVICE REQUIREMENT 
                   FOR AWARD OF MILITARY DECORATIONS.

       (a) Honorable Service Requirement.--
       (1) In general.--Chapter 57 of title 10, United States 
     Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new 
     section

     ``Sec. 1136. Honorable service requirement for award of 
       military decorations

       ``No military decoration, including a medal, cross, or bar, 
     or an associated emblem or insignia, may be awarded or 
     presented to any person, or to a representative of the 
     person, if the service of the person after the person 
     distinguished himself or herself has not been honorable.''.
       (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at the 
     beginning of chapter 57 of such title is amended by adding at 
     the end the following:

``1136. Honorable service requirement for award of military 
              decorations.''.
       (b) Conforming Amendments.--Title 10, United States Code, 
     is further amended as follows:
       (1) In section 7274--
       (A) in subsection (b) in the matter preceding paragraph 
     (1), by striking ``subsection (d)'' and inserting 
     ``subsection (c)'';
       (B) by striking subsection (c); and
       (C) by redesignating subsection (d) as subsection (c).
       (2)(A) Section 8299 is repealed.
       (B) The table of sections at the beginning of chapter 837 
     is amended by striking the item relating to section 8299.
       (3) In section 9274--
       (A) in subsection (b) in the matter preceding paragraph 
     (1), by striking ``subsection (d)'' and inserting 
     ``subsection (c)'';
       (B) by striking subsection (c); and
       (C) by redesignating subsection (d) as subsection (c).
       (4) In section 9279, by striking subsection (c).

     SEC. 587. AUTHORITY TO AWARD OR PRESENT A DECORATION NOT 
                   PREVIOUSLY RECOMMENDED IN A TIMELY FASHION 
                   FOLLOWING A REVIEW REQUESTED BY CONGRESS.

       (a) Authority To Award or Present.--Section 1130 of title 
     10, United States Code, is amended--
       (1) by redesignating subsection (d) as subsection (e); and
       (2) by inserting after subsection (c) the following new 
     subsection (d):
       ``(d)(1) A decoration may be awarded or presented following 
     the submittal of a recommendation under subsection (b) 
     approving the award or presentation.
       ``(2) The authority to make an award or presentation under 
     this subsection shall apply notwithstanding any limitation 
     described in subsection (a).''.
       (b) Conforming and Clerical Amendments.--
       (1) Heading amendment.--The heading of such section is 
     amended to read as follows:

     ``Sec. 1130. Consideration of proposals for decorations not 
       previously submitted in timely fashion: procedures for 
       review and award or presentation''.

       (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at the 
     beginning of chapter 57 of such title is amended by striking 
     the item relating to section 1130 and inserting the following 
     new item:

``1130. Consideration of proposals for decorations not previously 
              submitted in timely fashion: procedures for review and 
              award or presentation.''.

     SEC. 588. AUTHORITY TO MAKE POSTHUMOUS AND HONORARY 
                   PROMOTIONS AND APPOINTMENTS FOLLOWING A REVIEW 
                   REQUESTED BY CONGRESS.

       (a) Authority To Make.--Section 1563 of title 10, United 
     States Code, is amended--
       (1) by redesignating subsection (c) as subsection (e); and
       (2) by inserting after subsection (b) the following new 
     subsections:
       ``(c) Authority To Make.--(1) Under regulations prescribed 
     by the Secretary of Defense, a posthumous or honorary 
     promotion or appointment may be made following the submittal 
     of a determination under subsection (b) if the determination 
     is to approve the making of such promotion of appointment.
       ``(2) The authority to make a promotion or appointment 
     under this subsection shall apply notwithstanding that such 
     promotion

[[Page S3894]]

     or appointment is not otherwise authorized by law.
       ``(d) Additional Benefits Not To Accrue.--The promotion or 
     appointment of individual pursuant to subsection (c) shall 
     not affect the retired pay or other benefits from the United 
     States to which the individual would have been entitled based 
     upon the individual's military service, if any, or affect any 
     benefits to which any other person may become entitled based 
     on the individual's military service, if any.''.
       (b) Conforming and Clerical Amendments.--
       (1) Heading amendment.--The heading of such section is 
     amended to read as follows:

     ``Sec. 1563. Consideration of proposals for posthumous and 
       honorary promotions and appointments: procedures for review 
       and promotion or appointment''.

       (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at the 
     beginning of chapter 80 of such title is amended by striking 
     the item relating to section 1563 and inserting the following 
     new item:

``1563. Consideration of proposals for posthumous and honorary 
              promotions and appointments: procedures for review and 
              promotion or appointment.''.

                       Subtitle H--Other Matters

     SEC. 591. MILITARY FUNERAL HONORS MATTERS.

       (a) Full Military Honors Ceremony for Certain Veterans.--
     Section 1491(b) of title 10, United States Code, is amended 
     by adding at the end the following:
       ``(3) The Secretary concerned shall provide full military 
     honors (as determined by the Secretary concerned) for the 
     funeral of a veteran who--
       ``(A) is first interred or first inurned in Arlington 
     National Cemetery on or after the date of the enactment of 
     the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2020;
       ``(B) was awarded the medal of honor or the prisoner-of-war 
     medal; and
       ``(C) is not entitled to full military honors by the grade 
     of that veteran.''.
       (b) Full Military Funeral Honors for Veterans at Military 
     Installations.--
       (1) Installation plans for honors required.--The commander 
     of each military installation at or through which a funeral 
     honors detail for a veteran is provided pursuant to section 
     1491 of title 10, United States Code (as amended by 
     subsection (a)), shall maintain and carry out a plan for the 
     provision, upon request, of full military funeral honors at 
     funerals of veterans for whom a funeral honors detail is 
     authorized in that section.
       (2) Elements.--Each plan of an installation under paragraph 
     (1) shall include the following:
       (A) Mechanisms to ensure compliance with the requirements 
     applicable to the composition of funeral honors details in 
     section 1491(b) of title 10, United States Code (as so 
     amended).
       (B) Mechanisms to ensure compliance with the requirements 
     for ceremonies for funerals in section 1491(c) of such title.
       (C) In addition to the ceremonies required pursuant to 
     subparagraph (B), the provision of a gun salute for each 
     funeral by appropriate personnel, including personnel of the 
     installation, members of the reserve components of the Armed 
     Forces residing in the vicinity of the installation who are 
     ordered to funeral honors duty, and members of veterans 
     organizations or other organizations referred to in section 
     1491(b)(2) of such title.
       (D) Mechanisms for the provision of support authorized by 
     section 1491(d) of such title.
       (E) Such other mechanisms and activities as the Secretary 
     concerned considers appropriate in order to assure that full 
     military funeral honors are provided upon request at funerals 
     of veterans.
       (3) Definitions.--In this subsection:
       (A) The term ``Secretary concerned'' has the meaning given 
     that term in section 101(a)(9) of title 10, United States 
     Code.
       (B) The term ``veteran'' has the meaning given that term in 
     section 1491(h) of title 10, United States Code.

     SEC. 592. INCLUSION OF HOMESCHOOLED STUDENTS IN JUNIOR 
                   RESERVE OFFICERS' TRAINING CORPS UNITS.

       Section 2031 of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
     adding at the end the following new subsection:
       ``(g)(1) Each public secondary educational institution that 
     maintains a unit under this section shall permit membership 
     in the unit to homeschooled students residing in the area 
     served by the institution who are qualified for membership in 
     the unit (but for lack of enrollment in the institution).
       ``(2) A student who is a member of a unit pursuant to this 
     subsection shall count toward the satisfaction by the 
     institution concerned of the requirement in subsection (b)(1) 
     relating to the minimum number of student members in the unit 
     necessary for the continuing maintenance of the unit.''.

     SEC. 593. SENSE OF SENATE ON THE JUNIOR RESERVE OFFICERS' 
                   TRAINING CORPS.

       It is the sense of the Senate that--
       (1) the Junior Reserve Officers' Training Corps (JROTC) is 
     a valuable program that instill the values of citizenship, 
     service to the community, personal responsibility and a sense 
     of accomplishment in high school students;
       (2) the Junior Reserve Officers' Training Corps is 
     supported by all the Armed Forces, and there are Junior 
     Reserve Officers' Training Corps units in all 50 States, 4 
     United States territories, and the District of Columbia;
       (3) the Junior Reserve Officers' Training Corps 
     consistently improves student outcomes across a wide variety 
     of academic and nonacademic data points, including grade 
     point average, high school graduation and college acceptance 
     rates, standardized test scores, drop-out rates, discipline 
     problems, and leadership skills;
       (4) the Department of Defense should view the Junior 
     Reserve Officers' Training Corps as a unique program to help 
     close the divide between the military and the greater 
     civilian community in the United States;
       (5) given the increased funding and more flexible policy 
     authorized in the John S. McCain National Defense 
     Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2019 (Public Law 115-232), 
     the Department should take every possible action to increase 
     the number of Junior Reserve Officers' Training Corps units 
     at schools around the United States; and
       (6) the desired number of Junior Reserve Officers' Training 
     Corps units should be at least 3,700 in order to relieve a 
     significant backlog in requests to establish such units.

          TITLE VI--COMPENSATION AND OTHER PERSONNEL BENEFITS

                     Subtitle A--Pay and Allowances

     SEC. 601. EXPANSION OF ELIGIBILITY FOR EXCEPTIONAL 
                   TRANSITIONAL COMPENSATION FOR DEPENDENTS TO 
                   DEPENDENTS OF CURRENT MEMBERS.

       Section 1059(m) of title 10, United States Code, is 
     amended--
       (1) in the subsection heading, by inserting ``Members or'' 
     after ``Dependents of'';
       (2) by inserting ``member or'' before ``former member'' 
     each place it appears;
       (3) by redesignating paragraph (3) as paragraph (4); and
       (4) by inserting after paragraph (2) the following new 
     paragraph (3):
       ``(3) For purposes of the provision of benefits under this 
     section pursuant to this subsection, a member shall be 
     considered separated from active duty upon the earliest of--
       ``(A) the date an administrative separation is initiated by 
     a commander of the member;
       ``(B) the date the court-martial sentence is adjudged if 
     the sentence, as adjudged, includes a dismissal, dishonorable 
     discharge, bad conduct discharge, or forfeiture of all pay 
     and allowances; or
       ``(C) the date the member's term of service expires.''.

           Subtitle B--Bonuses and Special and Incentive Pays

     SEC. 611. ONE-YEAR EXTENSION OF CERTAIN EXPIRING BONUS AND 
                   SPECIAL PAY AUTHORITIES.

       (a) Authorities Relating To Reserve Forces.--Section 910(g) 
     of title 37, United States Code, relating to income 
     replacement payments for reserve component members 
     experiencing extended and frequent mobilization for active 
     duty service, is amended by striking ``December 31, 2019'' 
     and inserting ``December 31, 2020''.
       (b) Title 10 Authorities Relating to Health Care 
     Professionals.--The following sections of title 10, United 
     States Code, are amended by striking ``December 31, 2019'' 
     and inserting ``December 31, 2020'':
       (1) Section 2130a(a)(1), relating to nurse officer 
     candidate accession program.
       (2) Section 16302(d), relating to repayment of education 
     loans for certain health professionals who serve in the 
     Selected Reserve.
       (c) Authorities Relating to Nuclear Officers.--Section 
     333(i) of title 37, United States Code, is amended by 
     striking ``December 31, 2019'' and inserting ``December 31, 
     2020''.
       (d) Authorities Relating to Title 37 Consolidated Special 
     Pay, Incentive Pay, and Bonus Authorities.--The following 
     sections of title 37, United States Code, are amended by 
     striking ``December 31, 2019'' and inserting ``December 31, 
     2020'':
       (1) Section 331(h), relating to general bonus authority for 
     enlisted members.
       (2) Section 332(g), relating to general bonus authority for 
     officers.
       (3) Section 334(i), relating to special aviation incentive 
     pay and bonus authorities for officers.
       (4) Section 335(k), relating to special bonus and incentive 
     pay authorities for officers in health professions.
       (5) Section 336(g), relating to contracting bonus for 
     cadets and midshipmen enrolled in the Senior Reserve 
     Officers' Training Corps.
       (6) Section 351(h), relating to hazardous duty pay.
       (7) Section 352(g), relating to assignment pay or special 
     duty pay.
       (8) Section 353(i), relating to skill incentive pay or 
     proficiency bonus.
       (9) Section 355(h), relating to retention incentives for 
     members qualified in critical military skills or assigned to 
     high priority units.
       (e) Authority to Provide Temporary Increase in Rates of 
     Basic Allowance for Housing.--Section 403(b)(7)(E) of title 
     37, United States Code, is amended by striking ``December 31, 
     2019'' and inserting ``December 31, 2020''.

            Subtitle C--Travel and Transportation Allowances

     SEC. 621. EXTENSION OF PILOT PROGRAM ON A GOVERNMENT LODGING 
                   PROGRAM.

       Section 914(b) of the Carl Levin and Howard P. ``Buck'' 
     McKeon National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 
     2015 (5 U.S.C. 5911 note) is amended by striking ``December 
     31, 2019'' and inserting ``December 31, 2020''.

[[Page S3895]]

  


     SEC. 622. REINVESTMENT OF TRAVEL REFUNDS BY THE DEPARTMENT OF 
                   DEFENSE.

       (a) Refunds for Official Travel.--Subchapter I of chapter 8 
     of title 37, United States Code, is amended by adding at the 
     end the following new section:

     ``Sec. 456. Managed travel program refunds

       ``(a) Credit of Refunds.--The Secretary of Defense may 
     credit refunds attributable to Department of Defense managed 
     travel programs as a direct result of official travel to such 
     operation and maintenance or research, development, test, and 
     evaluation accounts of the Department as designated by the 
     Secretary that are available for obligation for the fiscal 
     year in which the refund or amount is collected.
       ``(b) Use of Refunds.--Refunds credited under subsection 
     (a) may only be used for official travel or operations and 
     efficiency improvements for improved financial management of 
     official travel.
       ``(c) Definitions.--In this section:
       ``(1) Managed travel program.--The term `managed travel 
     program' includes air, rental car, train, bus, dining, 
     lodging, and travel management, but does not include rebates 
     or refunds attributable to the use of the Government travel 
     card, the Government Purchase Card, or Government travel 
     arranged by Government Contracted Travel Management Centers.
       ``(2) Refund.--The term `refund' includes miscellaneous 
     receipts credited to the Department identified as a refund, 
     rebate, repayment, or other similar amounts collected.''.
       (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the 
     beginning of chapter 8 of such title is amended by inserting 
     after the item relating to section 455 the following new 
     item:

``456. Managed travel program refunds.''.
       (c) Clarification on Retention of Travel Promotional 
     Items.--Section 1116(a) of the National Defense Authorization 
     Act for Fiscal Year 2002 (Public Law 107-107; 5 U.S.C. 5702 
     note) is amended--
       (1) by striking ``Definition.--In this section, the term'' 
     and inserting the following: ``Definitions.--In this section:
       ``(1) The term''; and
       (2) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
       ``(2) The term `general public' includes the Federal 
     Government or an agency.''.

     Subtitle D--Disability Pay, Retired Pay, and Survivor Benefits

     SEC. 631. CONTRIBUTIONS TO DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE MILITARY 
                   RETIREMENT FUND BASED ON PAY COSTS PER ARMED 
                   FORCE RATHER THAN ON ARMED FORCES-WIDE BASIS.

       (a) Determination of Contributions Generally.--Section 
     1465(c) of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
       (1) in paragraph (1)--
       (A) in subparagraph (A), by striking ``single level 
     percentage of basic pay for active duty (other than the Coast 
     Guard) and for full-time National Guard duty'' and inserting 
     ``percentage of basic pay for each armed force (other than 
     the Coast Guard) and for any full-time National Guard duty'';
       (B) in subparagraph (B)--
       (i) by striking ``single level''; and
       (ii) by striking ``members of the Selected Reserve of the 
     armed forces (other than the Coast Guard)'' and inserting 
     ``each armed force (other than the Coast Guard) for members 
     of the Selected Reserve''; and
       (C) in the flush matter following subparagraph (B), by 
     striking ``single level''; and
       (2) in paragraph (4)--
       (A) by striking ``a single level percentage determined'' 
     both places it appears and inserting ``percentages''; and
       (B) in the flush matter following subparagraph (B), by 
     striking ``single level''.
       (b) Conforming Amendments.--
       (1) Determination of contributions.--Section 1465(b) of 
     title 10, United States Code, is amended--
       (A) in paragraph (1)--
       (i) in subparagraph (A)--

       (I) in the matter preceding clause (i), by striking 
     ``product'' and inserting ``aggregate of the products'';
       (II) in clause (i), by striking ``single level percentage 
     of basic pay'' and inserting ``percentage of basic pay for 
     each armed force (other than the Coast Guard)''; and
       (III) in clause (ii), by striking ``for active duty (other 
     than the Coast Guard) and for full-time National Guard duty'' 
     and inserting ``for such armed force for active duty and for 
     any full-time National Guard duty''; and

       (ii) in subparagraph (B)--

       (I) in the matter preceding clause (i), by striking 
     ``product'' and inserting ``aggregate of the products'';
       (II) in clause (i), by striking ``single level percentage 
     of basic pay and of compensation (paid pursuant to section 
     206 of title 37)'' and inserting ``percentage of basic pay 
     and of compensation (paid pursuant to section 206 of title 
     37) for each armed force (other than the Coast Guard)''; and
       (III) in clause (ii), by striking ``the armed forces (other 
     than the Coast Guard)'' and inserting ``such armed force''; 
     and

       (B) in paragraph (3), by striking ``single level''.
       (2) Payments of contributions.--Section 1466(a) of such 
     title is amended--
       (A) in paragraph (1)--
       (i) in the matter preceding subparagraph (A), by striking 
     ``product'' and inserting ``aggregate of the products'';
       (ii) in subparagraph (A), by striking ``level percentage of 
     basic pay'' and inserting ``percentage of basic pay for each 
     armed force (other than the Coast Guard)''; and
       (iii) in subparagraph (B), by striking ``for active duty 
     (other than for the Coast Guard) and for full-time National 
     Guard duty'' and inserting ``for such armed force for active 
     duty and for any full-time National Guard duty''; and
       (B) in paragraph (2)--
       (i) in the matter preceding subparagraph (A), by striking 
     ``product'' and inserting ``aggregate of the products'';
       (ii) in subparagraph (A), by striking ``level percentage of 
     basic pay and of compensation (paid pursuant to section 206 
     of title 37)'' and inserting ``percentage of basic pay and of 
     compensation (paid pursuant to section 206 of title 37) for 
     each armed force (other than the Coast Guard)''; and
       (iii) in subparagraph (B), by striking ``the armed forces 
     (other than the Coast Guard)'' and inserting ``such armed 
     force''.
       (c) Effective Date.--The amendments made by this section 
     shall take effect on October 1, 2019, and shall apply with 
     respect to determinations of contributions to the Department 
     of Defense Military Retirement Fund, and payments into the 
     Fund, beginning with fiscal year 2021.

     SEC. 632. MODIFICATION OF AUTHORITIES ON ELIGIBILITY FOR AND 
                   REPLACEMENT OF GOLD STAR LAPEL BUTTONS.

       (a) Expansion of Authority To Determine Next of Kin for 
     Issuance.--Section 1126 of title 10, United States Code, is 
     amended--
       (1) in subsection (a), by striking ``widows, parents, and'' 
     in the matter preceding paragraph (1);
       (2) in subsection (b), by striking ``the widow and to each 
     parent and'' and inserting ``each''; and
       (3) in subsection (d)--
       (A) by striking paragraphs (1), (2), (3), and (4) and 
     inserting the following new paragraph (1):
       ``(1) The term `next of kin' means individuals standing in 
     such relationship to members of the armed forces described in 
     subsection (a) as the Secretaries concerned shall jointly 
     specify in regulations for purposes of this section.''; and
       (B) by redesignating paragraphs (5), (6), (7), and (8) as 
     paragraphs (2), (3), (4), and (5), respectively.
       (b) Replacement.--Subsection (c) of such section is amended 
     by striking ``and payment'' and all that follows and 
     inserting ``and without cost.''.

   Subtitle E--Commissary and Non-Appropriated Fund Instrumentality 
                        Benefits and Operations

     SEC. 641. DEFENSE RESALE SYSTEM MATTERS.

       (a) In General.--The Under Secretary of Defense for 
     Personnel and Readiness shall, in coordination with the Chief 
     Management Officer of the Department of Defense, maintain 
     oversight of business transformation efforts of the defense 
     commissary system and the exchange store system in order to 
     ensure the following:
       (1) Development of an intercomponent business strategy that 
     maximizes efficiencies and results in a viable defense resale 
     system in the future.
       (2) Preservation of patron savings and satisfaction from 
     and in the defense commissary system and exchange stores 
     system.
       (3) Sustainment of financial support of the defense 
     commissary and exchange systems for morale, welfare, and 
     recreation (MWR) services of the Armed Forces.
       (b) Executive Resale Board Advice on Operations of 
     Systems.--The Executive Resale Board of the Department of 
     Defense shall advise the Under Secretary on the 
     implementation of sustainable, complementary operations of 
     the defense commissary system and the exchange stores system.
       (c) Practices and Services.--
       (1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense shall, acting 
     through the Under Secretary and with advice from the 
     Executive Resale Board, require the Defense Commissary Agency 
     and the Military Exchange Service to identify and implement 
     practices and services described in paragraph (2) across the 
     defense resale system.
       (2) Practices and services.--Practices and services 
     described in this paragraph shall include the following:
       (A) Best commercial business practices.
       (B) Shared-services systems that increase efficiencies 
     across the defense resale system, including in transportation 
     of goods, application-based marketing initiatives and other 
     mobile electronic-commerce programs, facilities construction, 
     back-office information technology systems, human resource 
     management, legal services, financial services, and 
     advertising.
       (C) Integration of services provided by the exchange stores 
     system within commissary system facilities, as appropriate, 
     including services such as dry cleaning, health and wellness 
     activities, pharmacies, urgent care centers, food, and other 
     retail services.
       (d) Information Technology Modernization.--The Secretary 
     shall, acting through the Under Secretary and with advice 
     from the Executive Resale Board, require the Defense 
     Commissary Agency and the Military Exchange Service to do as 
     follows:
       (1) Field new technologies and best business practices for 
     information technology for the defense resale system.
       (2) Implement cutting-edge marketing opportunities across 
     the defense resale system.
       (e) Inclusion of Advertising in Operating Expenses of 
     Commissary Stores.--Section

[[Page S3896]]

     2483(b) of title 10, United States Code, is amended by adding 
     at the end the following paragraph:
       ``(7) Advertising of commissary sales on materials 
     available within commissary stores and at other on-base 
     locations.''.

     SEC. 642. TREATMENT OF FEES ON SERVICES PROVIDED AS 
                   SUPPLEMENTAL FUNDS FOR COMMISSARY OPERATIONS.

       Section 2483(c) of title 10, United States Code, is amended 
     by inserting ``fees on services provided,'' after ``handling 
     fees for tobacco products,''.

     SEC. 643. PROCUREMENT BY COMMISSARY STORES OF CERTAIN LOCALLY 
                   SOURCED PRODUCTS.

       The Secretary of Defense shall ensure that the dairy 
     products and fruits and vegetables procured for commissary 
     stores under the defense commissary system are, to the extent 
     practicable, locally sourced in order to ensure the 
     availability of the freshest possible dairy products and 
     fruits and vegetables for patrons of the stores.

                   TITLE VII--HEALTH CARE PROVISIONS

           Subtitle A--TRICARE and Other Health Care Benefits

     SEC. 701. CONTRACEPTION COVERAGE PARITY UNDER THE TRICARE 
                   PROGRAM.

       (a) In General.--Section 1074d(b)(3) of title 10, United 
     States Code, is amended by inserting before the period at the 
     end the following: ``(including all methods of contraception 
     approved by the Food and Drug Administration, contraceptive 
     care (including with respect to insertion, removal, and 
     follow up), sterilization procedures, and patient education 
     and counseling in connection therewith)''.
       (b) Prohibition on Cost-sharing for Certain Services.--
       (1) TRICARE select.--Section 1075(c) of such title is 
     amended by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
       ``(4) For all beneficiaries under this section, there is no 
     cost-sharing for any method of contraception provided by a 
     network provider.''.
       (2) TRICARE prime.--Section 1075a(b) of such title is 
     amended by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
       ``(5) For all beneficiaries under this section, there is no 
     cost-sharing for any method of contraception provided under 
     TRICARE Prime.''.
       (3) Pharmacy benefits program.--Section 1074g(a)(6) of such 
     title is amended by adding at the end the following new 
     subparagraph:
       ``(D) Notwithstanding subparagraphs (A), (B), and (C), 
     there is no cost-sharing for any prescription contraceptive 
     on the uniform formulary provided by a retail pharmacy 
     described in subsection (a)(2)(E)(ii) or the national mail-
     order pharmacy program.''.
       (c) Effective Date.--The amendments made by this section 
     shall take effect on January 1, 2020.

     SEC. 702. TRICARE PAYMENT OPTIONS FOR RETIREES AND THEIR 
                   DEPENDENTS.

       (a) In General.--Section 1099 of title 10, United States 
     Code, is amended--
       (1) by redesignating subsection (d) as subsection (e); and
       (2) by inserting after subsection (c) the following new 
     subsection (d):
       ``(d) Payment Options.--(1) A member or former member of 
     the uniformed services, or a dependent thereof, eligible for 
     medical care and dental care under section 1074(b) or 1076 of 
     this title shall pay a premium for coverage under this 
     chapter.
       ``(2) To the maximum extent practicable, a premium owed by 
     a member, former member, or dependent under paragraph (1) 
     shall be withheld from the retired, retainer, or equivalent 
     pay of the member, former member, or dependent. In all other 
     cases, a premium shall be paid in a frequency and method 
     determined by the Secretary.''.
       (b) Conforming and Clerical Amendments.--
       (1) Conforming amendments.--Section 1097a of title 10, 
     United States Code, is amended--
       (A) by striking subsection (c); and
       (B) by redesignating subsections (d), (e), and (f) as 
     subsections (c), (d), and (e), respectively.
       (2) Heading amendments.--
       (A) Automatic enrollments.--The heading for section 1097a 
     of such title is amended to read as follows:

     ``Sec. 1097a. TRICARE Prime: automatic enrollments''.

       (B) Enrollment system and payment options.--The heading for 
     section 1099 of such title is amended to read as follows:

     ``Sec. 1099. Health care enrollment system and payment 
       options''.

       (3) Clerical amendments.--The table of sections at the 
     beginning of chapter 55 of such title is amended--
       (A) by striking the item relating to section 1097a and 
     inserting the following new item:

``1097a. TRICARE Prime: automatic enrollments.''; and
       (B) by striking the item relating to section 1099 and 
     inserting the following new item:

``1099. Health care enrollment system and payment options.''.
       (c) Effective Date.--The amendments made by this section 
     shall apply to health care coverage beginning on or after 
     January 1, 2021.

     SEC. 703. LEAD LEVEL SCREENING AND TESTING FOR CHILDREN.

       (a) Comprehensive Screening, Testing, and Reporting 
     Guidelines.--
       (1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense shall establish 
     clinical practice guidelines for health care providers 
     employed by the Department of Defense on screening, testing 
     and reporting of blood lead levels in children.
       (2) Use of cdc recommendations.--Guidelines established 
     under paragraph (1) shall reflect recommendations made by the 
     Centers for Disease Control and Prevention with respect to 
     the screening, testing, and reporting of blood lead levels in 
     children.
       (3) Dissemination of guidelines.--Not later than one year 
     after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary 
     shall disseminate the clinical practice guidelines 
     established under paragraph (1) to health care providers of 
     the Department of Defense.
       (b) Care Provided in Accordance With CDC Guidance.--The 
     Secretary shall ensure that any care provided by the 
     Department of Defense to a child for lead poisoning shall be 
     carried out in accordance with applicable guidance issued by 
     the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
       (c) Sharing of Results of Testing.--
       (1) In general.--With respect to a child who receives from 
     the Department of Defense a test for lead poisoning--
       (A) the Secretary shall provide the results of the test to 
     the parent or guardian of the child; and
       (B) notwithstanding any requirements for the 
     confidentiality of health information under the Health 
     Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (Public 
     Law 104-191), the Secretary shall provide the results of the 
     test and the address at which the child resides to--
       (i) the relevant health department of the State in which 
     the child resides if the child resides in the United States; 
     or
       (ii) if the child resides outside the United States--

       (I) the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention; and
       (II) the appropriate authority of the country in which the 
     child resides.

       (2) State defined.--In this subsection, the term ``State'' 
     means each of the several States, the District of Columbia, 
     the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, and any territory or 
     possession of the United States.
       (d) Report.--
       (1) In general.--Not later than January 1, 2021, the 
     Secretary of Defense shall submit to the congressional 
     defense committees a report detailing, with respect to the 
     period beginning on the date of the enactment of this Act and 
     ending on the date of the report, the following:
       (A) The number of children who were tested by the 
     Department of Defense for the level of lead in the blood of 
     the child, and of such number, the number who were found to 
     have elevated blood lead levels.
       (B) The number of children who were screened by the 
     Department of Defense for an elevated risk of lead exposure.
       (C) The treatment provided to children pursuant to chapter 
     55 of title 10, United States Code, for lead poisoning.
       (2) Elevated blood lead level defined.--In this paragraph, 
     the term ``elevated blood lead level'' has the meaning given 
     that term by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

     SEC. 704. PROVISION OF BLOOD TESTING FOR FIREFIGHTERS OF 
                   DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE TO DETERMINE EXPOSURE TO 
                   PERFLUOROALKYL AND POLYFLUOROALKYL SUBSTANCES.

       (a) In General.--Beginning on October 1, 2020, the 
     Secretary of Defense shall provide blood testing to determine 
     and document potential exposure to perfluoroalkyl and 
     polyfluoroalkyl substances (commonly known as ``PFAS'') for 
     each firefighter of the Department of Defense during the 
     annual physical exam conducted by the Department for each 
     such firefighter.
       (b) Firefighter Defined.--In this section, the term 
     ``firefighter'' means someone whose primary job or military 
     occupational specialty is being a firefighter.

                 Subtitle B--Health Care Administration

     SEC. 711. MODIFICATION OF ORGANIZATION OF MILITARY HEALTH 
                   SYSTEM.

       (a) Administration of Military Medical Treatment 
     Facilities.--Subsection (a) of section 1073c of title 10, 
     United States Code, is amended--
       (1) in paragraph (1)--
       (A) by redesignating subparagraphs (A), (B), (C), (D), (E), 
     and (F) as subparagraphs (C), (D), (E), (G), (H), and (I), 
     respectively;
       (B) by inserting before subparagraph (C), as redesignated 
     by subparagraph (A) of this paragraph, the following new 
     subparagraphs:
       ``(A) provision and delivery of health care within each 
     such facility;
       ``(B) management of privileging, scope of practice, and 
     quality of health care provided within each such facility;''; 
     and
       (C) inserting the following new subparagraph:
       ``(F) supply and equipment;'';
       (2) in paragraph (2)--
       (A) by redesignating subparagraphs (D) through (G) as 
     subparagraphs (E) through (H), respectively;
       (B) by inserting after subparagraph (C) the following new 
     subparagraph (D):
       ``(D) to identify the capacity of each military medical 
     treatment facility to support clinical readiness standards of 
     health care providers established by the Secretary of a 
     military department or the Assistant Secretary of Defense for 
     Health Affairs;'' and
       (C) by amending subparagraph (F), as redesignated by 
     subparagraph (A) of this paragraph, to read as follows:

[[Page S3897]]

       ``(F) to determine, in coordination with each Secretary of 
     a military department, manning, including joint manning, 
     assigned to military medical treatment facilities and 
     intermediary organizations;'' and
       (3) in paragraph (3)--
       (A) in subparagraph (A)--
       (i) by inserting ``on behalf of the military departments,'' 
     before ``ensuring''; and
       (ii) by striking ``and civilian employees''; and
       (B) in subparagraph (B), by inserting ``on behalf of the 
     Defense Health Agency,'' before ``furnishing''.
       (b) DHA Assistant Director.--Subsection (b)(2) of such 
     section is amended by striking ``equivalent education and 
     experience'' and all that follows and inserting ``the 
     education and experience to perform the responsibilities of 
     the position.''.
       (c) DHA Deputy Assistant Directors.--Subsection (c) of such 
     section is amended--
       (1) in paragraph (2)(B), by striking ``across the military 
     health system'' and inserting ``at military medical treatment 
     facilities''; and
       (2) in paragraph (4)(B), by inserting ``at military medical 
     treatment facilities'' before the period at the end.
       (d) Military Medical Treatment Facility.--Subsection (f) of 
     such section is amended by adding at the end the following 
     new paragraph:
       ``(3) The term `military medical treatment facility' 
     means--
       ``(A) any fixed facility of the Department of Defense that 
     is outside of a deployed environment and used primarily for 
     health care; and
       ``(B) any other location used for purposes of providing 
     health care services as designated by the Secretary of 
     Defense.''.
       (e) Technical Amendments.--Subsection (a) of such section 
     is amended--
       (1) in paragraph (1), by striking ``paragraph (4)'' and 
     inserting ``paragraph (5)'';
       (2) by redesignating paragraph (5) as paragraph (6);
       (3) by redesignating the first paragraph (4) as paragraph 
     (5); and
       (4) by moving the second paragraph (4) so as to appear 
     before paragraph (5), as redesignated by paragraph (3) of 
     this subsection.

     SEC. 712. SUPPORT BY MILITARY HEALTH SYSTEM OF MEDICAL 
                   REQUIREMENTS OF COMBATANT COMMANDS.

       (a) In General.--Section 712 of the John S. McCain National 
     Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2019 (Public Law 
     115-232) is amended--
       (1) in subsection (a), by amending paragraph (1) to read as 
     follows:
       ``(1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense shall, acting 
     through the Secretaries of the military departments, the 
     Defense Health Agency, and the Joint Staff, implement an 
     organizational framework of the military health system that 
     effectively implements chapter 55 of title 10, United States 
     Code, to maximize the readiness of the medical force, promote 
     interoperability, and integrate medical capabilities of the 
     Armed Forces in order to enhance joint military medical 
     operations in support of requirements of the combatant 
     commands.'';
       (2) in subsection (e), by redesignating paragraphs (2) and 
     (3) as paragraphs (3) and (4), respectively, and by moving 
     such paragraphs so as to appear at the end of subsection (d);
       (3) by striking subsection (e), as amended by paragraph (2) 
     of this subsection;
       (4) by redesignating subsections (b) through (d) as 
     subsections (c) through (e), respectively;
       (5) by inserting after subsection (a) the following new 
     subsection (b):
       ``(b) Additional Duties of Surgeons General of the Armed 
     Forces.--The Surgeons General of the Armed Forces shall have 
     the following duties:
       ``(1) To ensure the readiness for operational deployment of 
     medical and dental personnel and deployable medical or dental 
     teams or units of the Armed Force or Armed Forces concerned.
       ``(2) To meet medical readiness standards, subject to 
     standards and metrics established by the Assistant Secretary 
     of Defense for Health Affairs.
       ``(3) With respect to uniformed medical and dental 
     personnel of the military department concerned--
       ``(A) to assign such personnel to military medical 
     treatment facilities, under the operational control of the 
     commander or director of the facility, or to partnerships 
     with civilian or other medical facilities for training 
     activities specific to such military department; and
       ``(B) to maintain readiness of such personnel for 
     operational deployment.
       ``(4) To provide logistical support for operational 
     deployment of medical and dental personnel and deployable 
     medical or dental teams or units of the Armed Force or Armed 
     Forces concerned.
       ``(5) To oversee mobilization and demobilization in 
     connection with the operational deployment of medical and 
     dental personnel of the Armed Force or Armed Forces 
     concerned.
       ``(6) To develop operational medical capabilities required 
     to support the warfighter, and to develop policy relating to 
     such capabilities.
       ``(7) To provide health professionals to serve in 
     leadership positions across the military healthcare system.
       ``(8) To deliver operational clinical services under the 
     operational control of the combatant commands--
       ``(A) on ships and planes; and
       ``(B) on installations outside of military medical 
     treatment facilities.
       ``(9) To manage privileging, scope of practice, and quality 
     of health care in the settings described in paragraph (8).'';
       (6) in subsection (c), as redesignated by paragraph (4) of 
     this subsection--
       (A) in the subsection heading, by inserting ``Agency'' 
     before ``Regions''; and
       (B) in paragraph (1)--
       (i) in the paragraph heading, by inserting ``Agency'' 
     before ``regions''; and
       (ii) by striking ``defense health'' and inserting ``Defense 
     Health Agency'';
       (7) in subsection (d), as redesignated by paragraph (4) of 
     this subsection--
       (A) in the subsection heading, by inserting ``Agency'' 
     before ``Regions'';
       (B) in the matter preceding paragraph (1), by striking 
     ``defense health'' and inserting ``Defense Health Agency''; 
     and
       (C) in paragraph (3), by striking ``subsection (b)'' and 
     inserting ``subsection (c)''; and
       (8) in subsection (e), as redesignated by paragraph (4) of 
     this subsection--
       (A) in paragraph (2)--
       (i) by amending subparagraph (A) to read as follows:
       ``(A) In general.--The Secretaries of the military 
     departments shall coordinate with the Chairman of the Joint 
     Chiefs of Staff and the Defense Health Agency to direct 
     resources allocated to the military departments to support 
     requirements related to readiness and operational medicine 
     support that are established by the combatant commands and 
     validated by the Joint Staff.''; and
       (ii) in subparagraph (B), in the matter preceding clause 
     (i), by striking ``Based on'' and all that follows through 
     ``shall--'' and inserting ``The Director of the Defense 
     Health Agency, in coordination with the Assistant Secretary 
     of Defense for Health Affairs, shall--'';
       (B) in paragraph (3), as moved and redesignated by 
     paragraph (2) of this subsection, in the second sentence--
       (i) by inserting ``primarily'' before ``through''; and
       (ii) by inserting``, in coordination with the Secretaries 
     of the military departments,'' after ``the Defense Health 
     Agency''; and
       (C) by adding at the end the following:
       ``(5) Manpower.--
       ``(A) Administrative control of military personnel.--Each 
     Secretary of a military department shall exercise 
     administrative control of members of the Armed Forces 
     assigned to military medical treatment facilities, including 
     personnel assignment and issuance of military orders.
       ``(B) Oversight of certain personnel by the director of the 
     defense health agency.--In situations in which members of the 
     Armed Forces provide health care services at a military 
     medical treatment facility, the Director of the Defense 
     Health Agency shall maintain oversight for the provision of 
     care delivered by those individuals through policies, 
     procedures, and privileging responsibilities of the military 
     medical treatment facility.''.
       (b) Conforming Amendments.--
       (1) Heading amendment.--The heading for section 712 of the 
     John S. McCain National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
     Year 2019 (Public Law 115-232) is amended to read as follows:

     ``SEC. 712. SUPPORT BY MILITARY HEALTHCARE SYSTEM OF MEDICAL 
                   REQUIREMENTS OF COMBATANT COMMANDS.''.

       (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of contents for such Act 
     is amended by striking the item relating to section 712 and 
     inserting the following new item:

``Sec. 712. Support by military healthcare system of medical 
              requirements of combatant commands.''.

     SEC. 713. TOURS OF DUTY OF COMMANDERS OR DIRECTORS OF 
                   MILITARY TREATMENT FACILITIES.

       (a) In General.--Not later than January 1, 2021, the 
     Secretary of Defense shall establish a minimum length for the 
     tour of duty of an individual as a commander or director of a 
     military treatment facility.
       (b) Tours of Duty.--
       (1) In general.--Except as provided in paragraph (2), the 
     length of the tour of duty as a commander or director of a 
     military treatment facility of any individual assigned to 
     such position after January 1, 2021, may not be shorter than 
     the longer of--
       (A) the length established pursuant to subsection (a); or
       (B) four years.
       (2) Waiver.--
       (A) In general.--The Secretary of the military department 
     concerned, in coordination with the Director of the Defense 
     Health Agency, may authorize a tour of duty of an individual 
     as a commander or director of a military treatment facility 
     of a shorter length than is otherwise provided for in 
     paragraph (1) if the Secretary determines, in the discretion 
     of the Secretary, that there is good cause for a tour of duty 
     in such position of shorter length.
       (B) Case-by-case basis.--Any determination under 
     subparagraph (A) shall be made on a case-by-case basis.

     SEC. 714. EXPANSION OF STRATEGY TO IMPROVE ACQUISITION OF 
                   MANAGED CARE SUPPORT CONTRACTS UNDER TRICARE 
                   PROGRAM.

       Section 705(c)(1) of the National Defense Authorization Act 
     for Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328; 10 U.S.C. 1073a 
     note) is

[[Page S3898]]

     amended, in the matter preceding subparagraph (A), by 
     striking ``, other than overseas medical support contracts''.

     SEC. 715. ESTABLISHMENT OF REGIONAL MEDICAL HUBS TO SUPPORT 
                   COMBATANT COMMANDS.

       (a) In General.--The Secretary of Defense shall establish 
     not more than four regional medical hubs, consistent with the 
     defense health regions established under section 712 of the 
     John S. McCain National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
     Year 2019 (Public Law 115-232), to support operational 
     medical requirements of the combatant commands.
       (b) Timing.--Establishment of regional medical hubs under 
     subsection (a) shall commence not later than October 1, 2020, 
     and shall be completed not later than October 1, 2022.
       (c) Leadership.--Each regional medical hub established 
     under subsection (a) shall be led by a commander or director 
     who is a member of the Armed Forces serving in a grade not 
     higher than major general or rear admiral and who shall be--
       (1) selected by the Director of the Defense Health Agency 
     from among members of the Armed Forces recommended by the 
     military departments for service in such position; and
       (2) under the authority, direction, and control of the 
     Director while serving in such position.
       (d) Designation of Primary Center.--
       (1) In general.--Each regional medical hub established 
     under subsection (a) shall include a major military medical 
     center designated by the Secretary to serve as the primary 
     center for the provision of specialized medical services in 
     that region.
       (2) Capabilities.--A major military medical center may not 
     be designated under paragraph (1) unless the center--
       (A) includes one or more large graduate medical education 
     training platforms; and
       (B) provides, at a minimum, role 4 medical care.
       (3) Location.--
       (A) In general.--Any major military medical center 
     designated under paragraph (1) shall be geographically 
     located so as to maximize the support provided by uniformed 
     medical resources to the combatant commands.
       (B) Collocation with major aerial debarkation points.--In 
     designating major military medical centers under paragraph 
     (1), the Secretary shall give consideration to the 
     collocation of such centers with major aerial debarkation 
     points of patients in the medical evacuation system of the 
     United States Transportation Command.
       (4) Major health care delivery platform.--A major military 
     medical center designated under paragraph (1) shall serve as 
     the major health care delivery platform for the provision of 
     complex specialized medical care in the region, whether 
     through patient referrals from other military medical 
     treatment facilities or through referrals from either 
     civilian medical facilities or healthcare facilities of the 
     Department of Veterans Affairs.
       (e) Additional Military Medical Centers.--Consistent with 
     section 1073d of title 10, United States Code, the Secretary, 
     in establishing regional medical hubs under subsection (a), 
     may establish additional military medical centers in the 
     following locations:
       (1) Locations with large beneficiary populations.
       (2) Locations that serve as the primary readiness platforms 
     of the Armed Forces.
       (f) Patient Referrals and Coordination.--In implementing 
     the regional medical hubs established under subsection (a), 
     the Director of the Defense Health Agency shall ensure 
     effective and efficient medical care referrals and 
     coordination among military medical treatment facilities and 
     among local or regional high-performing health systems 
     through local or regional partnerships with institutional or 
     individual civilian providers.

     SEC. 716. MONITORING OF ADVERSE EVENT DATA ON DIETARY 
                   SUPPLEMENT USE BY MEMBERS OF THE ARMED FORCES.

       (a) In General.--The Secretary of Defense shall modify the 
     electronic health record system of the military health system 
     to include data regarding the use by members of the Armed 
     Forces of dietary supplements and adverse events with respect 
     to dietary supplements.
       (b) Requirements.--The modifications required by subsection 
     (a) shall ensure that the electronic health record system of 
     the military health system--
       (1) records adverse event report data regarding dietary 
     supplement use by members of the Armed Forces;
       (2) generates standard reports on adverse event data that 
     can be aggregated for analysis;
       (3) issues automated alerts to signal a significant change 
     in adverse event reporting or to signal a risk of interaction 
     with a medication or other treatment; and
       (4) provides for reporting of adverse event report data 
     regarding dietary supplement use by members of the Armed 
     Forces to the Food and Drug Administration.
       (c) Outreach.--The Secretary shall conduct outreach to 
     health care providers in the military health system to 
     educate such providers on the importance of entering adverse 
     event report data regarding dietary supplement use by members 
     of the Armed Forces into the electronic health record system 
     of the military health system and reporting such data to the 
     Food and Drug Administration.
       (d) Definitions.--In this section:
       (1) Adverse event.--The term ``adverse event'' has the 
     meaning given that term in section 761(a) of the Federal 
     Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (21 U.S.C. 379aa-1(a)).
       (2) Dietary supplement.--The term ``dietary supplement'' 
     has the meaning given that term in section 201(ff) of the 
     Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (21 U.S.C. 321(ff)).

     SEC. 717. ENHANCEMENT OF RECORDKEEPING WITH RESPECT TO 
                   EXPOSURE BY MEMBERS OF THE ARMED FORCES TO 
                   CERTAIN OCCUPATIONAL AND ENVIRONMENTAL HAZARDS 
                   WHILE DEPLOYED OVERSEAS.

       (a) Inclusion in Medical Tracking System of Occupational 
     and Environmental Health Risks in Deployment Area.--
       (1) Elements of medical tracking system.--Subsection 
     (b)(1)(A) of section 1074f of title 10, United States Code, 
     is amended--
       (A) in clause (ii), by striking ``and'' at the end;
       (B) in clause (iii), by striking the period at the end and 
     inserting ``; and''; and
       (C) by adding at the end the following new clause:
       ``(iv) accurately record any exposure to occupational and 
     environmental health risks during the course of their 
     deployment.''.
       (2) Recordkeeping.--Subsection (c) of such section is 
     amended by inserting after ``deployment area'' the following: 
     ``(including the results of any assessment performed by the 
     Secretary of occupational and environmental health risks for 
     such area)''.
       (b) Postdeployment Medical Examination and Reassessments.--
     Section 1074f of title 10, United States Code, as amended by 
     subsection (a), is further amended by adding at the end the 
     following new subsection:
       ``(g) Additional Requirements for Postdeployment Medical 
     Examinations and Health Reassessments.--(1) The Secretary of 
     Defense shall standardize and make available to a provider 
     that conducts a postdeployment medical examination or 
     reassessment under the system described in subsection (a) 
     questions relating to occupational and environmental health 
     exposure.
       ``(2) The Secretary, to the extent practicable, shall 
     ensure that the medical record of a member includes 
     information on the external cause relating to a diagnosis of 
     the member, including by associating an external cause code 
     (as issued under the International Statistical Classification 
     of Diseases and Related Health Problems, 10th Revision (or 
     any successor revision)).''.
       (c) Access to Information in Burn Pit Registry.--
       (1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense shall ensure that 
     all medical personnel of the Department of Defense have 
     access to the information contained in the burn pit registry.
       (2) Burn pit registry defined.--In this subsection, the 
     term ``burn pit registry'' means the registry established 
     under section 201 of the Dignified Burial and Other Veterans' 
     Benefits Improvement Act of 2012 (Public Law 112-260; 38 
     U.S.C. 527 note).

                 Subtitle C--Reports and Other Matters

     SEC. 721. EXTENSION AND CLARIFICATION OF AUTHORITY FOR JOINT 
                   DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE-DEPARTMENT OF VETERANS 
                   AFFAIRS MEDICAL FACILITY DEMONSTRATION FUND.

       Title XVII of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
     Fiscal Year 2010 (Public Law 111-84; 123 Stat. 2567) is 
     amended--
       (1) in section 1701(a)--
       (A) by striking ``Subject to subsection (b), the'' and 
     inserting ``The'';
       (B) by striking subsection (b); and
       (C) by redesignating subsections (c) through (f) as 
     subsections (b) through (e), respectively;
       (2) in section 1702(a)(1), by striking ``hereafter in this 
     title'' and inserting ``in this section'';
       (3) in section 1703, in subsections (a) and (c), by 
     striking ``the facility'' and inserting ``the James A. Lovell 
     Federal Health Care Center'';
       (4) in section 1704--
       (A) in subsections (a)(3), (a)(4)(A), and (b)(1), by 
     striking ``the facility'' and inserting ``the James A. Lovell 
     Federal Health Care Center''; and
       (B) in subsection (e), as most recently amended by section 
     731 of the John S. McCain National Defense Authorization Act 
     for Fiscal Year 2019 (Public Law 115-232), by striking 
     ``September 30, 2020'' and inserting ``September 30, 2021'';
       (5) in section 1705--
       (A) in subsection (a), by striking ``the facility'' and 
     inserting ``the James A. Lovell Federal Health Care Center 
     (in this section referred to as the `JALFHCC')'';
       (B) in subsection (b), in the matter preceding paragraph 
     (1), by striking ``the facility'' and inserting ``the 
     JALFHCC''; and
       (C) in subsection (c)--
       (i) by striking ``the facility'' each place it appears and 
     inserting ``the JALFHCC''; and
       (ii) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
       ``(4) To permit the JALFHCC to enter into personal services 
     contracts to carry out health care responsibilities in the 
     JALFHCC to the same extent and subject to the same conditions 
     and limitations as apply under section 1091 of title 10, 
     United States Code, to the Secretary of Defense with respect 
     to health care responsibilities in medical treatment 
     facilities of the Department of Defense.''.

[[Page S3899]]

  


     SEC. 722. APPOINTMENT OF NON-EX OFFICIO MEMBERS OF THE HENRY 
                   M. JACKSON FOUNDATION FOR THE ADVANCEMENT OF 
                   MILITARY MEDICINE.

       (a) Appointment by Non-ex Officio Members.--Subparagraph 
     (C) of paragraph (1) of section 178(c) of title 10, United 
     States Code, is amended to read as follows:
       ``(C) six members, each of whom shall be appointed at the 
     expiration of the term of a member appointed under this 
     subparagraph, as provided for in paragraph (2), by the 
     members currently serving on the Council pursuant to this 
     subparagraph and paragraph (2), including the member whose 
     expiring term is so being filled by such appointment.''.
       (b) Repeal of Obsolete Authority Establishing Staggered 
     Terms.--Paragraph (2) of such section is amended--
       (1) by striking ``except that--'' and all that follows 
     through ``any person'' and inserting ``except that any 
     person'';
       (2) by striking ``; and'' and inserting a period; and
       (3) by striking subparagraph (B).
       (c) Effective Date.--
       (1) In general.--The amendments made by this section shall 
     take effect on the date of the enactment of this Act.
       (2) Construction for current members.--Nothing in the 
     amendments made by this section shall be construed to 
     terminate or otherwise alter the appointment or term of 
     service of members of the Henry M. Jackson Foundation for the 
     Advancement of Military Medicine who are so serving on the 
     date of the enactment of this Act pursuant to an appointment 
     under paragraph (1)(C) or (2) of section 178(c) of title 10, 
     United States Code, made before that date.

     SEC. 723. OFFICERS AUTHORIZED TO COMMAND ARMY DENTAL UNITS.

       Section 7081(d) of title 10, United States Code, is amended 
     by striking ``Dental Corps Officer'' and inserting ``Army 
     Medical Department Officer''.

     SEC. 724. ESTABLISHMENT OF ACADEMIC HEALTH SYSTEM IN NATIONAL 
                   CAPITAL REGION.

       (a) In General.--Chapter 104 of title 10, United States 
     Code, is amended by inserting after section 2113a the 
     following new section:

     ``Sec. 2113b. Academic Health System

       ``(a) In General.--The Secretary of Defense may establish 
     an Academic Health System to integrate the health care, 
     health professions education, and health research activities 
     of the military health system, including under this chapter, 
     in the National Capital Region.
       ``(b) Leadership.--(1) The Secretary may appoint employees 
     of the Department of Defense to leadership positions in the 
     Academic Health System established under subsection (a).
       ``(2) Such positions may include responsibilities for 
     management of the health care, health professions education, 
     and health research activities described in subsection (a) 
     and are in addition to similar leadership positions for 
     members of the armed forces.
       ``(c) Administration.--The Secretary may use such 
     authorities under this chapter relating to the health care, 
     health professions education, and health research activities 
     of the military health system as the Secretary considers 
     appropriate for the administration of the Academic Health 
     System established under subsection (a).
       ``(d) National Capital Region Defined.--In this section, 
     the term `National Capital Region' means the area, or portion 
     thereof, as determined by the Secretary, in the vicinity of 
     the District of Columbia.''.
       (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the 
     beginning of chapter 104 of such title is amended by 
     inserting after the item relating to section 2113a the 
     following new item:

``2113b. Academic Health System.''.

     SEC. 725. PROVISION OF VETERINARY SERVICES BY VETERINARY 
                   PROFESSIONALS OF THE DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE IN 
                   EMERGENCIES.

       (a) In General.--Chapter 53 of title 10, United States 
     Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new 
     section:

     ``Sec. 1060c. Provision of veterinary services in emergencies

       ``(a) In General.--A veterinary professional described in 
     subsection (b) may provide veterinary services for the 
     purposes described in subsection (c) in any State, the 
     District of Columbia, or a territory or possession of the 
     United States, without regard to where such veterinary 
     professional or the patient animal are located, if the 
     provision of such services is within the scope of the 
     authorized duties of such veterinary professional for the 
     Department of Defense.
       ``(b) Veterinary Professional Described.--A veterinary 
     professional described in this subsection is an individual 
     who is--
       ``(1)(A) a member of the armed forces, a civilian employee 
     of the Department of Defense, or otherwise credentialed and 
     privileged at a Federal veterinary institution or location 
     designated by the Secretary of Defense for purposes of this 
     section; or
       ``(B) a member of the National Guard performing training or 
     duty under section 502(f) of title 32;
       ``(2) certified as a veterinary professional by a 
     certification recognized by the Secretary of Defense; and
       ``(3) currently licensed by a State, the District of 
     Columbia, or a territory or possession of the United States 
     to provide veterinary services.
       ``(c) Purposes Described.--The purposes described in this 
     subsection are veterinary services in response to any of the 
     following:
       ``(1) A national emergency declared by the President 
     pursuant to the National Emergencies Act (50 U.S.C. 1601 et 
     seq.).
       ``(2) A major disaster or an emergency (as those terms are 
     defined in section 102 of the Robert T. Stafford Disaster 
     Relief and Emergency Assistance Act (42 U.S.C. 5122)).
       ``(3) A public health emergency declared by the Secretary 
     of Health and Human Services under section 319 of the Public 
     Health Service Act (42 U.S.C. 247d).
       ``(4) An extraordinary emergency, as determined by the 
     Secretary of Agriculture under section 10407(b) of the Animal 
     Health Protection Act (7 U.S.C. 8306(b)).''.
       (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the 
     beginning of chapter 53 of such title is amended by inserting 
     after the item relating to section 1060b the following new 
     item:

``1060c. Provision of veterinary services in emergencies.''.

     SEC. 726. FIVE-YEAR EXTENSION OF AUTHORITY TO CONTINUE THE 
                   DOD-VA HEALTH CARE SHARING INCENTIVE FUND.

       Section 8111(d)(3) of title 38, United States Code, is 
     amended by striking ``September 30, 2020'' and inserting, 
     ``September 30, 2025''.

     SEC. 727. PILOT PROGRAM ON CIVILIAN AND MILITARY PARTNERSHIPS 
                   TO ENHANCE INTEROPERABILITY AND MEDICAL SURGE 
                   CAPABILITY AND CAPACITY OF NATIONAL DISASTER 
                   MEDICAL SYSTEM.

       (a) In General.--The Secretary of Defense may carry out a 
     pilot program to establish partnerships with public, private, 
     and nonprofit health care organizations, institutions, and 
     entities in collaboration with the Secretary of Veterans 
     Affairs, the Secretary of Health and Human Services, the 
     Secretary of Homeland Security, and the Secretary of 
     Transportation to enhance the interoperability and medical 
     surge capability and capacity of the National Disaster 
     Medical System under section 2812 of the Public Health 
     Service Act (42 U.S.C. 300hh-11) in the vicinity of major 
     aeromedical transport hubs of the Department of Defense.
       (b) Duration.--The Secretary of Defense may carry out the 
     pilot program under subsection (a) for a period of not more 
     than five years.
       (c) Locations.--The Secretary shall carry out the pilot 
     program under subsection (a) at not fewer than five 
     aeromedical transport hub regions in the United States.
       (d) Requirements.--In establishing partnerships under the 
     pilot program under subsection (a), the Secretary, in 
     collaboration with the Secretary of Veterans Affairs, the 
     Secretary of Health and Human Services, the Secretary of 
     Homeland Security, and the Secretary of Transportation, shall 
     establish requirements under such partnerships for staffing, 
     specialized training, medical logistics, telemedicine, 
     patient regulating, movement, situational status reporting, 
     tracking, and surveillance.
       (e) Evaluation Metrics.--The Secretary of Defense shall 
     establish metrics to evaluate the effectiveness of the pilot 
     program under subsection (a).
       (f) Reports.--
       (1) Initial report.--
       (A) In general.--Not later than 180 days after the 
     commencement of the pilot program under subsection (a), the 
     Secretary shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services of 
     the Senate and the House of Representatives a report on the 
     pilot program.
       (B) Elements.--The report required by subparagraph (A) 
     shall include the following:
       (i) A description of the pilot program.
       (ii) The requirements established under subsection (d).
       (iii) The evaluation metrics established under subsection 
     (e).
       (iv) Such other matters relating to the pilot program as 
     the Secretary considers appropriate.
       (2) Final report.--
       (A) In general.--Not later than 180 days after completion 
     of the pilot program under subsection (a), the Secretary 
     shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the 
     Senate and the House of Representatives a report on the pilot 
     program.
       (B) Elements.--The report required by subparagraph (A) 
     shall include the following:
       (i) A description of the pilot program, including the 
     partnerships established under the pilot program as described 
     in subsection (a).
       (ii) An assessment of the effectiveness of the pilot 
     program.
       (iii) Such recommendations for legislative or 
     administrative action as the Secretary considers appropriate 
     in light of the pilot program, including recommendations for 
     extending or making permanent the authority for the pilot 
     program.

     SEC. 728. MODIFICATION OF REQUIREMENTS FOR LONGITUDINAL 
                   MEDICAL STUDY ON BLAST PRESSURE EXPOSURE OF 
                   MEMBERS OF THE ARMED FORCES.

       Section 734 of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
     Fiscal Year 2018 (Public Law 115-91; 131 Stat. 1444) is 
     amended--
       (1) in subsection (b)--
       (A) in paragraph (2), by striking ``; and'' and inserting a 
     semicolon;
       (B) in paragraph (3), by striking the period at the end and 
     inserting ``; and''; and
       (C) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
       ``(4) assess the feasibility and advisability of--

[[Page S3900]]

       ``(A) uploading the data gathered from the study into the 
     Defense Occupational and Environmental Health Readiness 
     System - Industrial Hygiene (DOEHRS-IH) or similar system; 
     and
       ``(B) allowing personnel of the Department of Defense and 
     the Department of Veterans Affairs to have access to such 
     system.''; and
       (2) in subsection (c)--
       (A) by redesignating paragraph (2) as paragraph (3); and
       (B) by inserting after paragraph (1) the following new 
     paragraph (2):
       ``(2) Annual status report.--Not later than January 1 of 
     each year during the period beginning on the date of the 
     enactment of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
     Fiscal Year 2020 and ending on the completion of the study 
     under subsection (a), the Secretary shall submit to the 
     Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of 
     Representatives a status report on the study.''.

  TITLE VIII--ACQUISITION POLICY, ACQUISITION MANAGEMENT, AND RELATED 
                                MATTERS

           Subtitle A--Contracting and Acquisition Provisions

     SEC. 801. PILOT PROGRAM ON INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY EVALUATION 
                   FOR ACQUISITION PROGRAMS.

       (a) Pilot Program.--Not later than 180 days after the date 
     of the enactment of this act, the Secretary of Defense and 
     the Secretaries of the military departments may jointly carry 
     out a pilot program to assess mechanisms to evaluate 
     intellectual property, such as technical data deliverables 
     and associated license rights, including commercially 
     available intellectual property valuation analysis and 
     techniques, in acquisition programs for which they are 
     responsible to better understand the benefits associated with 
     these techniques on--
       (1) the development of cost-effective intellectual property 
     strategies, and
       (2) assessment and management of the value and costs of 
     intellectual property during acquisition and sustainment 
     activities (including source selection evaluation factors) 
     throughout the acquisition lifecycle for any acquisition 
     program selected by the Secretary concerned.
       (b) Activities.--Activities carried out under the pilot 
     program may include the following:
       (1) Establishing a team of Department of Defense and 
     private sector subject matter experts to identify, to the 
     maximum extent practicable at each milestone for a selected 
     acquisition programs, intellectual property evaluation 
     techniques to obtain quantitative and qualitative analysis 
     related to the value of intellectual property during the 
     procurement, production and deployment, and operations and 
     support phases of the acquisition of the systems under the 
     program.
       (2) Assessment of commercial valuation techniques for 
     intellectual property for use by the Department of Defense.
       (3) Assessment of the feasibility of agency-level oversight 
     to standardize intellectual property evaluation practices and 
     procedures.
       (4) Assessment of contracting mechanisms to speed delivery 
     of intellectual property to the Armed Forces or reduce 
     sustainment costs.
       (5) Assessment of agency acquisition planning to ensure 
     procurement of intellectual property deliverables and 
     intellectual property rights necessary for Government-planned 
     sustainment activities.
       (6) Engagement with the commercial industry to--
       (A) support the development of strategies and program 
     requirements to aid in acquisition and transition planning 
     for intellectual property;
       (B) support the development and improvement of intellectual 
     property strategies as part of life-cycle sustainment plans; 
     and
       (C) propose and implement alternative and innovative 
     methods of intellectual property valuation, prioritization, 
     and evaluation techniques for intellectual property.
       (7) Recommending to the cognizant program manager for an 
     acquisition program evaluation techniques and contracting 
     mechanisms for implementation into the acquisition and 
     sustainment activities of that acquisition program.
       (c) Acquisition of Commercial and Nondevelopmental Items, 
     Products, and Services.--The pilot program shall provide 
     criteria to ensure the appropriate consideration of 
     commercial items and non-developmental items as alternatives 
     to items to be specifically developed for the acquisition 
     program, including evaluation of the benefits of reduced risk 
     regarding cost, schedule, and performance associated with 
     commercial and non-developmental items, products, and 
     services.
       (d) Assessments.--Not later than November 1, 2020, and 
     annually thereafter through 2023, the Secretary of Defense, 
     in coordination with the Secretaries concerned, shall submit 
     to the congressional defense committees a joint report on the 
     pilot program conducted under this section. The report shall, 
     at a minimum, include--
       (1) a description of the acquisition programs selected by 
     the Secretary concerned;
       (2) a description of the specific activities in paragraph 
     (b) that were performed under each program;
       (3) an assessment of the effectiveness of the activities;
       (4) an assessment of improvements to acquisition or 
     sustainment activities related to the pilot program; and
       (5) an assessment of cost-savings from the activities 
     related to the pilot program, including any improvement to 
     mission success during the operations and support phase of 
     the program.

     SEC. 802. PILOT PROGRAM TO USE ALPHA CONTRACTING TEAMS FOR 
                   COMPLEX REQUIREMENTS.

       (a) In General.--(1) The Secretary of Defense shall select 
     at least 2, and up to 5, initiatives to participate in a 
     pilot to use teams that, with the advice of expert third 
     parties, focus on the development of complex contract 
     technical requirements for services, with each team focusing 
     on developing achievable technical requirements that are 
     appropriately valued and identifying the most effective 
     acquisition strategy to achieve those requirements.
       (2) The Secretary shall develop metrics for tracking 
     progress of the program at improving quality and acquisition 
     cycle time.
       (b) Development of Criteria and Initiatives.--(1) Not later 
     than February 1, 2020, the Secretary of Defense shall 
     establish the pilot program and notify the congressional 
     defense committees of the criteria used to select initiatives 
     and the metrics used to track progress.
       (2) Not later than May 1, 2020, the Secretary shall notify 
     the congressional defense committees of the initiatives 
     selected for the program.
       (3) Not later than December 1, 2020, the Secretary shall 
     brief the congressional defense committees on the progress of 
     the selected initiatives, including the progress of the 
     initiatives at improving quality and acquisition cycle time 
     according to the metrics developed under subsection (a)(2).

     SEC. 803. MODIFICATION OF WRITTEN APPROVAL REQUIREMENT FOR 
                   TASK AND DELIVERY ORDER SINGLE CONTRACT AWARDS.

       Section 2304a(d)(3) of title 10, United States Code, is 
     amended--
       (1) in subparagraph (B), by redesignating clauses (i) and 
     (ii) as subclauses (I) and (II), respectively;
       (2) by redesignating subparagraphs (A), (B), (C), and (D) 
     as clauses (i), (ii), (iii), and (iv), respectively;
       (3) by striking ``No task or delivery order contract'' and 
     inserting ``(A) Except as provided under subparagraph (B), no 
     task or delivery order contract''; and
       (4) by adding at the end the following new subparagraph:
       ``(B) A task or delivery order contract in an amount 
     estimated to exceed $100,000,000 (including all options) may 
     be awarded to a single source without the written 
     determination otherwise required under subparagraph (A) if 
     the head of the agency has made a written determination 
     pursuant to section 2304(c) of this title that other than 
     competitive procedures may be used for the awarding of such 
     contract.''.

     SEC. 804. EXTENSION OF AUTHORITY TO ACQUIRE PRODUCTS AND 
                   SERVICES PRODUCED IN COUNTRIES ALONG A MAJOR 
                   ROUTE OF SUPPLY TO AFGHANISTAN.

       Section 801(f) of the National Defense Authorization Act 
     for Fiscal Year 2010 (Public Law 111-84; 123 Stat. 2399), as 
     most recently amended by section 1214 of the National Defense 
     Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2018 (Public Law 115-91; 
     131 Stat. 1649), is further amended by striking ``December 
     31, 2019'' and inserting ``December 31, 2021''.

     SEC. 805. MODIFICATION OF DIRECTOR OF OPERATIONAL TEST AND 
                   EVALUATION REPORT.

       Section 139(h)(5) of title 10, United States Code, is 
     amended to read as follows:
       ``(5) The Director shall solicit comments from the 
     Secretaries of the military departments on each report of the 
     Director to Congress under this section and summarize the 
     comments in the report. The Director shall determine the 
     amount of time available for the Secretaries to comment on 
     the draft report on a case by case basis, and consider the 
     extent to which substantive discussions have already been 
     held between the Director and the military department. The 
     Director shall reserve the right to issue the report without 
     comment from a military department if the department's 
     comments are not received within the time provided, and shall 
     indicate any such omission in the report.''.

     SEC. 806. DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE USE OF FIXED-PRICE CONTRACTS.

       (a) Department of Defense Review.--
       (1) In general.--The Under Secretary of Defense for 
     Acquisition and Sustainment shall review how the Department 
     of Defense informs decisions to use fixed-price contracts to 
     support broader acquisition objectives, to ensure that such 
     decisions are made strategically and consistently. The review 
     should include decisions on the use of the various types of 
     fixed price contracts, including fixed-price incentive 
     contracts.
       (2) Briefing.--Not later than February 1, 2020, the Under 
     Secretary shall brief the congressional defense committees on 
     the findings of the review required under paragraph (1).
       (b) Comptroller General Report.--
       (1) In general.--Not later than February 1, 2021, the 
     Comptroller General of the United States shall submit to the 
     congressional defense committees a report on the Department 
     of Defense's use of fixed-price contracts, including 
     different types of fixed-price contracts.

[[Page S3901]]

       (2) Elements.--The report required under paragraph (1) 
     shall include the following elements:
       (A) A description of the extent to which fixed-price 
     contracts have been used over time and the conditions in 
     which they are used.
       (B) An assessment of the effects of the decisions to use of 
     fixed-price contract types, such as any additional costs or 
     savings or efficiencies in contract administration.
       (C) An assessment of how decisions to use various types of 
     fixed-price contracts affects the contract closeout process.
       (c) Delayed Implementation of Regulations Requiring the Use 
     of Fixed-price Contracts for Foreign Military Sales.--The 
     regulations prescribed pursuant to section 830(a) of the 
     National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017 
     (Public Law 114-328; 22 U.S.C. 2762 note) shall not take 
     effect until December 31, 2020. The regulations as so 
     prescribed shall take into account the findings of the review 
     conducted under subsection (a)(1).

     SEC. 807. PILOT PROGRAM TO ACCELERATE CONTRACTING AND PRICING 
                   PROCESSES.

       Section 890 of the John S. McCain National Defense 
     Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2019 (Public Law 115-232) 
     is amended--
       (1) by striking subsection (b);
       (2) by redesignating subsections (c) and (d) as subsections 
     (b) and (c), respectively;
       (3) in subsection (b), as redesignated by paragraph (2), by 
     striking ``and an assessment of whether the program should be 
     continued or expanded''; and
       (4) in subsection (c), as so redesignated, by striking 
     ``January 2, 2021'' and inserting ``January 2, 2023''.

     SEC. 808. PILOT PROGRAM TO STREAMLINE DECISION-MAKING 
                   PROCESSES FOR WEAPON SYSTEMS.

       (a) Candidate Acquisition Programs.--
       (1) In general.--Not later than February 1, 2020, each 
     Service Acquisition Executive shall recommend to the 
     Secretary of Defense at least one major defense acquisition 
     program for a pilot program to include tailored measures to 
     streamline the entire milestone decision process, with the 
     results evaluated and reported for potential wider use.
       (2) Elements.--Each pilot program selected pursuant to 
     paragraph (1) shall include the following elements:
       (A) Delineating the appropriate information needed to 
     support milestone decisions, assuring program accountability 
     and oversight, which should be based on the business case 
     principles needed for well-informed milestone decisions, 
     including user-defined requirements, reasonable acquisition 
     and life-cycle cost estimates, and a knowledge-based 
     acquisition plan for maturing technologies, stabilizing the 
     program design, and ensuring key manufacturing processes are 
     in control.
       (B) Developing an efficient process for providing this 
     information to the milestone decision authority by--
       (i) minimizing any reviews between the program office and 
     the different functional staff offices within each chain of 
     command level; and
       (ii) establishing frequent, regular interaction between the 
     program office and milestone decision makers, in lieu of 
     documentation reviews, to help expedite the process.
       (b) Briefing.--Not later than May 1, 2020, the Under 
     Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment shall 
     provide to the congressional defense committees an informal 
     briefing detailing--
       (1) the acquisition programs selected pursuant to 
     subsection (a);
       (2) the associated action plans, including timelines, for 
     each program; and
       (3) the manner in which each program conforms to the 
     requirements set forth in subsection (a)(2).

     SEC. 809. DOCUMENTATION OF MARKET RESEARCH RELATED TO 
                   COMMERCIAL ITEM DETERMINATIONS.

       (a) In General.--Section 2377(c) of title 10, United States 
     Code, is amended--
       (1) by redesignating paragraph (4) as paragraph (5); and
       (2) by inserting after paragraph (3) the following new 
     paragraph:
       ``(4) The head of an agency shall document the results of 
     market research in a manner appropriate to the size and 
     complexity of the acquisition.''.
       (b) Conforming Amendment Related to Prospective 
     Amendment.--Section 836(d)(3)(C)(ii) of the John S. McCain 
     National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2019 
     (Public Law 115-232) is amended by striking ``in paragraph 
     (4)'' and inserting ``in paragraph (5)''.

     SEC. 810. MODIFICATION TO SMALL PURCHASE THRESHOLD EXCEPTION 
                   TO SOURCING REQUIREMENTS FOR CERTAIN ARTICLES.

       Subsection (h) of section 2533a of title 10, United States 
     Code, is amended to read as follows:
       ``(h) Exception for Small Purchases.--Subsection (a) does 
     not apply to purchases for amounts not greater than $150,000. 
     A proposed purchase or contract for an amount greater than 
     $150,000 may not be divided into several purchases or 
     contracts for lesser amounts in order to qualify for this 
     exception. On October 1 of each year evenly divisible by 5, 
     the Secretary of Defense may adjust the dollar threshold in 
     this subsection based on changes in the Consumer Price Index. 
     The Secretary shall publish notice of any such adjustment in 
     the Federal Register, and the new price threshold shall take 
     effect on the date of publication.''.

 Subtitle B--Provisions Relating to Major Defense Acquisition Programs

     SEC. 821. NAVAL VESSEL CERTIFICATION REQUIRED BEFORE 
                   MILESTONE B APPROVAL.

       Section 2366b(a) of title 10, United States Code, is 
     amended--
       (1) in paragraph (3)(O), by striking ``; and'' and 
     inserting a semicolon;
       (2) in paragraph (4), by striking the period at the end and 
     inserting ``; and''; and
       (3) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
       ``(5) in the case of a naval vessel program, certifies 
     compliance with the requirements of section 8669b of this 
     title.''.

                  Subtitle C--Industrial Base Matters

     SEC. 831. MODERNIZATION OF ACQUISITION PROCESSES TO ENSURE 
                   INTEGRITY OF INDUSTRIAL BASE.

       (a) Digitization and Modernization.--The Secretary of 
     Defense shall streamline and digitize the existing Department 
     of Defense approach for identifying and mitigating risks to 
     the defense industrial base across the acquisition process, 
     creating a continuous model that uses digital tools, 
     technologies, and approaches designed to ensure the 
     accessibility of data to key decision-makers in the 
     Department.
       (b) Analytical Framework.--
       (1) In general.--The Under Secretary of Defense for 
     Acquisition and Sustainment, in coordination with the Defense 
     Security Service (or successor entity) and other 
     organizations as appropriate, shall develop an analytical 
     framework for risk mitigation across the acquisition process.
       (2) Elements.--The analytical framework required under 
     paragraph (1) shall include the following elements:
       (A) Characterization and monitoring of supply chain risks, 
     including--
       (i) material sources and fragility;
       (ii) counterfeit parts;
       (iii) cybersecurity of contractors;
       (iv) vendor vetting in contingency or operational 
     environments; and
       (v) other risk areas as determined appropriate.
       (B) Characterization and monitoring of risks posed by 
     contractor behavior that constitute violations of laws or 
     regulations, including those relating to--
       (i) fraud;
       (ii) ownership structures;
       (iii) trafficking in persons;
       (iv) workers' health and safety;
       (v) affiliation with the enemy; and
       (vi) other risk areas as deemed appropriate.
       (C) Characterization of the Department's acquisition 
     processes and procedures, including--
       (i) market research;
       (ii) responsibility determinations, including consideration 
     of the need for special standards of responsibility to 
     address the risks described in subparagraphs (A) and (B);
       (iii) facilities clearances;
       (iv) contract requirements definition and technical 
     evaluation;
       (v) contract awards and contractor mobilization;
       (vi) contractor mobilization to include hiring, training, 
     and establishing facilities;
       (vii) contract administration, contract management, and 
     oversight;
       (viii) contract audit for closeout;
       (ix) contractor business system reviews; and
       (x) other relevant processes and procedures.
       (D) Characterization and monitoring of the health and 
     activities of the defense industrial base, including those 
     relating to--
       (i) balance sheets, revenues, profitability, and debt;
       (ii) investment, innovation, and technological and 
     manufacturing sophistication;
       (iii) finances, access to capital markets, and cost of 
     raising capital within those markets;
       (iv) corporate governance, leadership, and culture of 
     performance; and
       (v) history of performance on past Department of Defense 
     and government contracts.
       (c) Roles and Responsibilities.--The Secretary of Defense 
     shall designate the roles and responsibilities of 
     organizations and individuals to execute activities under 
     this section, including--
       (1) the Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and 
     Sustainment, including the Office of Defense Pricing and 
     Contracting and the Office of Industrial Policy;
       (2) Service Acquisition Executives;
       (3) program offices and procuring contracting officers;
       (4) administrative contracting officers within the Defense 
     Contract Management Agency and the Supervisor of 
     Shipbuilding;
       (5) the Defense Security Service and the Defense 
     Counterintelligence Security Agency;
       (6) the Defense Contract Audit Agency;
       (7) departments, agencies, or activities which own or 
     operate systems containing data relevant to Department of 
     Defense contractors;
       (8) the Under Secretary for Research and Engineering; and
       (9) other relevant organizations and individuals.
       (d) Enabling Data, Tools, and Systems.--
       (1) Assessment of existing data sources, systems, and 
     tools.--
       (A) In general.--The Under Secretary of Defense for 
     Acquisition and Sustainment, in consultation with the Chief 
     Data Officer of the Department of Defense, and the Defense

[[Page S3902]]

     Security Service (or successor entity), shall assess the 
     extent to which existing systems of record relevant to risk 
     assessments and contracting are producing, exposing, and 
     timely maintaining valid and reliable data for the purposes 
     of the Department's continuous assessment and mitigation of 
     risks in the defense industrial base.
       (B) Elements.--The assessment required under subparagraph 
     (A) shall include the following elements:
       (i) Identification of the necessary source data, to include 
     data from contractors, intelligence and security activities, 
     program offices, and commercial research entities.
       (ii) A description of the modern data infrastructure, 
     tools, and applications and what changes would improve the 
     effectiveness and efficiency of mitigating the risks 
     described in subsection (b)(2).
       (iii) An assessment of the following systems owned or 
     operated outside of the Department of Defense:

       (I) The Federal Awardee Performance and Integrity 
     Information System (FAPIIS).
       (II) The System for Award Management (SAM).
       (III) The Federal Procurement Data System-Next Generation 
     (FPDS-NG).

       (iv) An assessment of systems owned or operated by the 
     Department of Defense, including the Defense Security Service 
     (or successor entity) and other defense agencies and field 
     activities used to capture and analyze the performance of 
     vendors and contractors.
       (2) Modernization of data collection, exposure, and 
     analysis methods.--Based on the findings pursuant to 
     paragraph (1), the Secretary of Defense shall develop a 
     unified set of activities to modernize the systems of record, 
     data sources and collection methods, and data exposure 
     mechanisms. The unified set of activities should feature--
       (A) the ability to continuously collect data on, assess, 
     and mitigate risks;
       (B) data analytics and business intelligence tools and 
     methods; and
       (C) continuous development and continuous delivery of 
     secure software to implement the activities.
       (e) Reports.--
       (1) Initial report.--Not later than November 15, 2019, the 
     Secretary of Defense shall submit to the congressional 
     defense committees a report on actions taken pursuant to this 
     section, including recommendations for any further 
     authorities or legislation.
       (2) Second report.--Not later than April 15, 2020, the 
     Secretary of Defense shall submit to the congressional 
     defense committees a report on actions taken pursuant to this 
     section, including recommendations for any further 
     legislation.
       (f) Comptroller General Reviews.--
       (1) Briefing.--Not later than February 15, 2020, the 
     Comptroller General of the United States shall brief the 
     congressional defense committees on Department of Defense 
     efforts over the previous 5 years to continuously assess and 
     mitigate risks to the defense industrial base across the 
     acquisition process, and a summary of current and planned 
     efforts.
       (2) Annual assessments.--Not later than June 15, 2020, and 
     annually thereafter, the Comptroller General of the United 
     States shall submit to the congressional defense committees 
     an assessment of Department of Defense progress in 
     implementing the framework required under subsection (b).

     SEC. 832. ASSESSMENT OF PRECISION-GUIDED MISSILES FOR 
                   RELIANCE ON FOREIGN-MADE MICROELECTRONIC 
                   COMPONENTS.

       (a) In General.--Not later than August 31, 2020, the 
     Secretary of the Air Force shall brief the congressional 
     defense committees on the findings of an assessment of the 
     Air Force's precision-guided missiles for reliance on 
     foreign-made microelectronic components.
       (b) Elements.--The assessment required under subsection (a) 
     shall--
       (1) consider certain risks such as--
       (A) where microelectronic components for all of the Air 
     Force's precision-guided missiles currently in production 
     were made;
       (B) the contract tier level of the microelectronic 
     components supplier; and
       (C) which of the microelectronic components are cyber 
     security concerns; and
       (2) identify mitigation strategies.

     SEC. 833. MITIGATING RISKS RELATED TO FOREIGN OWNERSHIP, 
                   CONTROL, OR INFLUENCE OF DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE 
                   CONTRACTORS OR SUBCONTRACTORS.

       (a) Definitions.--In this section:
       (1) Beneficial owner; beneficial ownership.--The terms 
     ``beneficial owner'' and ``beneficial ownership'' shall be 
     determined in the manner set forth in section 240.13d-3 of 
     title 17, Code of Federal Regulations.
       (2) Company.--The term ``company'' means any corporation, 
     company, limited liability company, limited partnership, 
     business trust, business association, or other similar 
     entity.
       (3) Covered contractor or subcontractor.--The term 
     ``covered contractor or subcontractor'' means a company that 
     is an existing or prospective contractor or subcontractor of 
     the Department of Defense on a contract or subcontract with a 
     value in excess of $5,000,000, except as provided in 
     subsection (c).
       (4) Foreign ownership, control, or influence; foci.--The 
     terms ``foreign ownership, control, or influence'' and 
     ``FOCI'' have the meanings given those terms under the 
     policy, factors, and procedures of the National Industrial 
     Security Program Operating Manual, DOD 5220.22-M, or a 
     successor document.
       (b) Improved Assessment and Mitigation of Risks Related to 
     Foreign Ownership, Control, or Influence.--
       (1) In general.--In developing and implementing the 
     analytical framework for mitigating risk relating to 
     ownership structures, as required by section 
     831(b)(2)(B)(ii), the Secretary of Defense shall improve the 
     process and procedures for the assessment and mitigation of 
     risks related to foreign ownership, control, or influence 
     (FOCI) of contractors and subcontractors doing business with 
     the Department of Defense.
       (2) Elements.--The process and procedures for the 
     assessment and mitigation of risk relating to ownership 
     structures referred to in paragraph (1) shall include the 
     following elements:
       (A) Assessment of foci.--(i) A requirement for covered 
     contractors and subcontractors to disclose to the Defense 
     Security Service, or its successor organization, their 
     beneficial ownership and whether they are under FOCI.
       (ii) A requirement to update such disclosures when 
     significant changes occur to information previously provided, 
     consistent with or similar to the procedures for updating 
     FOCI information under the National Industrial Security 
     Program.
       (iii) A requirement for covered contractors and 
     subcontractors determined to be under FOCI to disclose 
     contact information for each of its foreign owners that is a 
     beneficial owner.
       (iv) A requirement that, at a minimum, the disclosures 
     required by this paragraph be provided at the time the 
     contract or subcontract is awarded, amended, or renewed, but 
     in no case later than one year after the Secretary prescribes 
     regulations to carry out this subsection.
       (B) Responsibility determination.--Consistent with section 
     831(b)(2)(C)(ii), consideration of FOCI risks as part of 
     responsibility determinations, including--
       (i) whether to establish a special standard of 
     responsibility relating to FOCI risks for covered contractors 
     or subcontractors, and the extent to which the policies and 
     procedures consistent with or similar to those relating to 
     FOCI under the National Industrial Security Program shall be 
     applied to covered contractors or subcontractors;
       (ii) procedures for contracting officers making 
     responsibility determinations regarding whether covered 
     contractors and subcontractors may be under foreign 
     ownership, control, or influence and for determining whether 
     there is reason to believe that such foreign ownership, 
     control, or influence would pose a risk to national security 
     or potential risk of compromise because of sensitive data, 
     systems, or processes, such as personally identifiable 
     information, cybersecurity, or national security systems 
     involved with the contract or subcontract; and
       (iii) modification of policies, directives, and practices 
     to provide that an assessment that a covered contractor or 
     subcontractor is under FOCI may be a sufficient basis for a 
     contracting officer to determine that a contractor or 
     subcontractor is not responsible.
       (C) Contract requirements, administration, and oversight 
     relating to foci.--
       (i) Requirements for contract clauses providing for and 
     enforcing disclosures related to changes in FOCI during 
     performance of the contract, consistent with subparagraph 
     (A), and necessitating the effective mitigation of risks 
     related to FOCI throughout the duration of the contract or 
     subcontract.
       (ii) Pursuant to section 831(c), designation of the 
     appropriate Department of Defense official responsible to 
     approve and to take actions relating to award, modification, 
     termination of a contract, or direction to modify or 
     terminate a subcontract due to an assessment by the Defense 
     Security Service, or its successor organization, that a 
     covered contractor or subcontractor under FOCI poses a risk 
     to national security or potential risk of compromise.
       (iii) A requirement for the provision of additional 
     information regarding beneficial ownership and control of any 
     covered contractor or subcontractor on the contract or 
     subcontract.
       (iv) Other measures as necessary to be consistent with 
     other relevant practices, policies, regulations, and actions, 
     including those under the National Industrial Security 
     Program.
       (c) Applicability to Contracts and Subcontracts for 
     Commercial Products and Services and Other Forms of 
     Acquisition Agreements.--
       (1) Commercial products and services.--The disclosure 
     requirements under subsection (b) shall not apply to a 
     contract or subcontract for commercial products or services, 
     unless a designated senior official specifically requires the 
     disclosures described in such subparagraphs with respect to 
     the contract or subcontract based on a determination by the 
     designated senior official that the contract or subcontract 
     involves a risk to national security or potential risk of 
     compromise because of sensitive data, systems, or processes, 
     such as personally identifiable information, cybersecurity, 
     or national security systems.
       (2) Research and development and procurement activities.--
     The Secretary of Defense shall ensure that the requirements 
     of this section are applied to research and development and 
     procurement activities, including for the delivery of 
     services, established through any means including those under 
     section 2358(b) of title 10, United States Code.

[[Page S3903]]

       (d) Availability of Resources.--The Secretary shall ensure 
     that sufficient resources, including subject matter 
     expertise, are allocated to execute the functions necessary 
     to carry out this section, including the assessment, 
     mitigation, contract administration, and oversight functions.
       (e) Reporting Requirements and Limited Availability of 
     Beneficial Ownership Data.--
       (1) In general.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
     the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall 
     establish a process to update systems of record to improve 
     the assessment and mitigation of risks associated with FOCI 
     through the inclusion and updating of all appropriate 
     associated uniquely identifying information about the 
     contracts and contractors and subcontracts and subcontractors 
     in the Federal Awardee Performance and Integrity Information 
     System (FAPIIS), administered by the General Services 
     Administration, and the Commercial and Government Entity 
     (CAGE) database, administered by the Defense Logistics 
     Agency.
       (2) Limited availability of information.--The Secretary of 
     Defense shall ensure that the information required to be 
     disclosed pursuant to this subsection is--
       (A) not made public;
       (B) made available via the FAPIIS and CAGE databases; and
       (C) made available to appropriate government departments or 
     agencies.

     SEC. 834. EXTENSION AND REVISIONS TO NEVER CONTRACT WITH THE 
                   ENEMY.

       (a) Extension.--Section 841(n) of the National Defense 
     Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2015 (10 U.S.C. 2302 note) 
     is amended by striking ``December 31, 2021'' and inserting 
     ``December 31, 2023''.
       (b) Expansion of Program.--Section 841(a) of such Act is 
     amended--
       (1) in the heading, by striking ``Identification of Persons 
     and Entities'' and inserting ``Program'';
       (2) in the matter preceding paragraph (1), by striking 
     ``establish in'' and all that follows and inserting 
     ``establish a program to mitigate threats posed by vendors 
     supporting operations outside the United States. The program 
     shall use available intelligence to identify persons and 
     entities that--'';
       (3) in paragraph (1), by striking ``; or'' and inserting a 
     semicolon;
       (4) in paragraph (2), by striking the period and inserting 
     a semicolon; and
       (5) by adding at the end the following new paragraphs:
       ``(3) directly or indirectly support a covered person or 
     entity or otherwise pose a force protection risk to personnel 
     of the United States or coalition forces; or
       ``(4) pose an unacceptable national security risk.''.
       (c) Inclusion of All Contracts.--Sections 841 and 842 of 
     such Act are further amended by striking ``covered contract'' 
     each place it appears and inserting ``contract''.
       (d) Inclusion of All Combatant Commands.--Sections 841 and 
     842 of such Act are further amended by striking ``covered 
     combatant command'' each place it appears and inserting 
     ``combatant command''.
       (e) Covered Person or Entity.--Section 843(6) of such Act 
     is amended to read as follows:
       ``(6) Covered person or entity.--The term `covered person 
     or entity' means a person that is--
       ``(A) engaging in acts of violence against personnel of the 
     United States or coalition forces;
       ``(B) providing financing, logistics, training, or 
     intelligence to a person described in subparagraph (A);
       ``(C) engaging in foreign intelligence activities against 
     the United States or against coalition forces;
       ``(D) engaging in transnational organized crime or criminal 
     activities; or
       ``(E) engaging in other activities that present a direct or 
     indirect risk to the national security of the United States 
     or coalition forces.''.
       (f) Delegation Authority of Combatant Commander.--
       (1) Use of designees.--Sections 841 and 842 of such Act are 
     further amended by striking ``specified deputies'' each place 
     it appears and inserting ``designee''.
       (2) Removal of limitations on delegation.--Section 841 of 
     such Act is further amended by striking subsection (g).
       (g) Authorities To Terminate, Void, and Restrict.--Section 
     841(c) of such Act is further amended--
       (1) in paragraph (1)--
       (A) by inserting ``to a person or entity'' after 
     ``concerned''; and
       (B) by striking ``the contract'' and all that follows 
     through the period at the end and inserting ``the person or 
     entity has been identified under the program established 
     under subsection (a).'';
       (2) in paragraph (2), by striking ``has failed'' and all 
     that follows and inserting ``has been identified under the 
     program established under subsection (a).''; and
       (3) in paragraph (3), by striking ``the contract'' and all 
     that follows through the period at the end and inserting 
     ``the contractor, or the recipient of the grant or 
     cooperative agreement, has been identified under the program 
     established under subsection (a).''.
       (h) Contract Clause.--Section 841(d)(2)(B) of such Act is 
     amended by inserting ``and restrict future award to any 
     contractor, or recipient of a grant or cooperative agreement, 
     that has been identified under the program established under 
     subsection (a)'' after ``subsection (c)''.
       (i) Participation of Secretary of State.--Section 841 of 
     such Act is further amended--
       (1) in subsection (a) in the matter preceding paragraph 
     (1), by striking ``in consultation with''; and
       (2) in subsection (f)(1), by striking ``in consultation 
     with''.
       (j) Sharing of Information on Supporters of the Enemy.--
     Section 841(h)(1) of such Act is further amended by striking 
     ``may be providing'' and all that follows through ``or 
     entity'' and inserting ``have been identified under the 
     program established under subsection (a)''.
       (k) Inapplicability to Certain Contracts, Grants, and 
     Cooperative Agreements.--Section 841(j) of such Act is 
     amended by striking ``contracts, grants, and cooperative 
     agreements'' and all that follows through the period at the 
     end and inserting ``a contract, grant, or cooperative 
     agreement that is performed entirely inside the United States 
     unless the recipient of such contract, grant, or cooperative 
     agreement is a foreign entity.''.
       (l) Construction With Other Authorities.--Section 841 of 
     such Act is further amended--
       (1) in subsection (l), by striking ``Except as provided in 
     subsection (m), the'' and inserting ``The''; and
       (2) by striking subsection (m).
       (m) Additional Access to Records.--Section 842 of such Act 
     is further amended--
       (1) in subsection (a)--
       (A) in paragraph (1), by striking ``, except as provided 
     under subsection (c)(1),'';
       (B) in paragraph (2), by striking ``ensure that funds'' and 
     all that follows through the period at the end and inserting 
     ``support the program established under section 841(a).'';
       (C) in paragraph (3), by striking ``that funds'' and all 
     that follows through the period at the end and inserting 
     ``that the examination of such records will support the 
     program established under section 841(a).''; and
       (D) by striking paragraph (4); and
       (2) by striking subsection (c).
       (n) Reports.--Subtitle E of title VIII of such Act (10 
     U.S.C. 2302 note) is further amended--
       (1) in section 841(i)(1), in the matter preceding 
     subparagraph (A), by striking ``2016, 2017, and 2018'' and 
     inserting ``2016 through 2023''; and
       (2) in section 842(b)(1), by striking ``2016, 2017, and 
     2018'' and inserting ``2016 through 2023''.
       (o) Technical and Conforming Amendments.--
       (1) Section heading.--The heading of section 841 of such 
     Act is amended by striking ``providing funds to'' and 
     inserting ``supporting''.
       (2) Redesignations.--Section 841 of such Act is further 
     amended by redesignating subsections (h) through (l) and (n) 
     (as amended by subsections (a) through (n) of this section) 
     as subsections (g) through (l), respectively.
       (3) Definitions.--Section 843 of such Act is amended by 
     striking paragraphs (2) through (5) and redesignating 
     paragraphs (6) through (9) as paragraphs (2) through (5), 
     respectively.

                   Subtitle D--Small Business Matters

     SEC. 841. REAUTHORIZATION AND IMPROVEMENT OF DEPARTMENT OF 
                   DEFENSE MENTOR-PROTEGE PROGRAM.

       (a) Permanent Authorization.--Section 831 of the National 
     Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1991 (Public Law 
     101-510; 10 U.S.C. 2302 note) is amended by striking 
     subsection (j).
       (b) Office of Small Business Programs Oversight.--Section 
     831 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 
     1991 (Public Law 101-510; 10 U.S.C. 2302 note) is amended--
       (1) by redesignating subsection (n) as subsection (o); and
       (2) by inserting after subsection (m) the following new 
     subsection:
       ``(n) Establishment of Performance Goals and Periodic 
     Reviews.--The Office of Small Business Programs of the 
     Department of Defense shall--
       ``(1) establish performance goals consistent with the 
     stated purpose of the Mentor-Protege Program and outcome-
     based metrics to measure progress in meeting those goals; and
       ``(2) submit to the congressional defense committees, not 
     later than February 1, 2020, a report on progress made toward 
     implementing these performance goals and metrics, based on 
     periodic reviews of the procedures used to approve mentor-
     protege agreements.''.
       (c) Modification of Disadvantaged Small Business Concern 
     Definition.--Subsection (o)(2) of the National Defense 
     Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1991 (Public Law 101-510; 
     10 U.S.C. 2302 note), as redesignated by subsection (b)(1) of 
     this section, is amended by striking ``has less than half the 
     size standard corresponding to its primary North American 
     Industry Classification System code'' and inserting ``is not 
     more than the size standard corresponding to its primary 
     North American Industry Classification System code''.
       (d) Removal of Pilot Program References.--Section 831 of 
     the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1991 
     (Public Law 101-510; 10 U.S.C. 2302 note) is amended--

[[Page S3904]]

       (1) in the subsection heading for subsection (a), by 
     striking ``Pilot''; and
       (2) by striking ``pilot'' each place it appears.
       (e) Independent Report on Program Effectiveness.--
       (1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense shall direct the 
     Defense Business Board to submit to the congressional defense 
     committees a report evaluating the effectiveness of the 
     Mentor-Protege Program established under section 831 of the 
     National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1991 
     (Public Law 101-510; 10 U.S.C. 2302 note), including 
     recommendations for improving the program in terms of 
     performance metrics, forms of assistance, and overall program 
     effectiveness not later than March 31, 2022.
       (2) Congressional defense committees defined.--In this 
     subsection, the term ``congressional defense committees'' has 
     the meaning given that term in section 101(a)(16) of title 
     10, United States Code.

     SEC. 842. MODIFICATION OF JUSTIFICATION AND APPROVAL 
                   REQUIREMENT FOR CERTAIN DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE 
                   CONTRACTS.

       (a) Modification of Justification and Approval 
     Requirement.--Notwithstanding section 811 of the National 
     Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2010 (Public Law 
     111-84; 123 Stat. 2405)--
       (1) no justification and approval is required under such 
     section for a sole-source contract awarded by the Department 
     of Defense in a covered procurement for an amount not 
     exceeding $100,000,000; and
       (2) for purposes of subsections (a)(2) and (c)(3)(A) of 
     such section, the appropriate official designated to approve 
     the justification for a sole-source contract awarded by the 
     Department of Defense in a covered procurement exceeding 
     $100,000,000 is the official designated in section 
     2304(f)(1)(B)(ii) of title 10, United States Code.
       (b) Guidance.--Not later than 90 days after the date of the 
     enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall issue 
     guidance to implement the authority under subsection (a).
       (c) Comptroller General Review.--
       (1) Data tracking and collection.--The Department of 
     Defense shall track the use of the authority provided 
     pursuant to subsection (a) and make the data available to the 
     Comptroller General for purposes of the report required under 
     paragraph (2).
       (2) Report.--Not later than February 1, 2022, the 
     Comptroller General of the United States shall submit a 
     report to the congressional defense committees on the use of 
     the authority provided pursuant to subsection (a) through the 
     end of fiscal year 2021.

     Subtitle E--Provisions Related to Software-Driven Capabilities

     SEC. 851. IMPROVED MANAGEMENT OF INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY AND 
                   CYBERSPACE INVESTMENTS.

       (a) Improved Management.--
       (1) In general.--The Chief Information Officer of the 
     Department of Defense shall work with the Chief Data Officer 
     of the Department of Defense to optimize the Department's 
     process for accounting for, managing, and reporting its 
     information technology and cyberspace investments. The 
     optimization should include alternative methods of presenting 
     budget justification materials to the public and 
     congressional staff to more accurately communicate when, how, 
     and with what frequency capability is delivered to end users, 
     in accordance with best practices for managing and reporting 
     on information technology investments.
       (2) Briefing.--Not later than February 3, 2020, the Chief 
     Information Officer of the Department of Defense shall brief 
     the congressional defense committees on the process 
     optimization undertaken pursuant to paragraph (1), including 
     any recommendations for legislation.
       (b) Delivery of Information Technology Budget.--The 
     Secretary of Defense shall submit to the congressional 
     defense committees the Department of Defense budget request 
     for information technology not later than 15 days after the 
     submittal to Congress of the budget of the President for a 
     fiscal year pursuant to section 1105 of title 31, United 
     States Code.

     SEC. 852. SPECIAL PATHWAYS FOR RAPID ACQUISITION OF SOFTWARE 
                   APPLICATIONS AND UPGRADES.

       (a) Guidance Required.--Not later than 180 days after the 
     date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense 
     shall establish guidance authorizing the use of special 
     pathways for the rapid acquisition of software applications 
     and upgrades that are intended to be fielded within one year.
       (b) Software Acquisition Pathways.--
       (1) Use of proven technologies and solutions.--The guidance 
     required by subsection (a) shall provide for the use of 
     proven technologies and solutions to continuously engineer 
     and deliver capabilities in software.
       (2) Objectives.--The objectives of using the acquisition 
     authority under this section shall be to begin the 
     engineering of new capabilities quickly, to demonstrate 
     viability and effectiveness of those capabilities in 
     operation, and to continue updating and delivering new 
     capabilities iteratively afterwards.
       (3) Treatment not as acquisition program.--An acquisition 
     using the authority under this section shall not be treated 
     as an acquisition program for the purpose of section 2430 of 
     title 10, United States Code, or Department of Defense 
     Directive 5000.01 without the specific direction of the Under 
     Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment or a 
     Senior Acquisition Executive.
       (4) Pathways.--The guidance shall provide for the following 
     two rapid acquisition pathways:
       (A) Applications.--The applications software acquisition 
     pathway shall provide for the use of rapid development and 
     implementation of applications and other software and 
     software improvements running on commercial commodity 
     hardware (including modified hardware) operated by the 
     Department of Defense.
       (B) Embedded systems.--The embedded systems software 
     acquisition pathway shall provide for the rapid development 
     and insertion of upgrades and improvements for software 
     embedded in weapon systems and other military-unique hardware 
     systems.
       (c) Expedited Process.--
       (1) In general.--The guidance required by subsection (a) 
     shall provide for a streamlined and coordinated requirements, 
     budget, and acquisition process that results in the rapid 
     fielding of software applications and software upgrades to 
     embedded systems in a period of not more than one year from 
     the time that the process is initiated. It shall also require 
     the collection of data on the version fielded and continuous 
     engagement with the users of that software, so as to enable 
     engineering and delivery of additional versions in periods of 
     not more than one year each.
       (2) Expedited software requirements process.--
       (A) Inapplicability of existing guidance.--Software 
     acquisitions conducted under the authority of this provision 
     shall not be subject to the Joint Capabilities Integration 
     and Development System (JCIDS) Manual and Department of 
     Defense Directive 5000.01, except to the extent specifically 
     provided in the guidance required under subsection (a) or by 
     the Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and 
     Sustainment or a Senior Acquisition Executive.
       (B) Requirements.--The guidance required by subsection (a) 
     shall provide the following with respect to requirements:
       (i) Requirements for covered acquisitions are developed on 
     an iterative basis through engagement with the user 
     community, and the use of user feedback in order to regularly 
     define and set priorities for software requirements and 
     evaluate the software capabilities acquired.
       (ii) The requirements process begins with the 
     identification of the warfighter or user need, including the 
     rationale for how these software capabilities will support 
     increased lethality and efficiency, and the identification of 
     a relevant user community.
       (iii) Initial contract requirements are stated in the form 
     of a summary-level list of problems and shortcomings in 
     existing software systems and desired features or 
     capabilities of new or upgraded software systems.
       (iv) Contract requirements are continuously refined and set 
     in priority order in an evolutionary process through 
     discussions with users that may continue throughout the 
     development and implementation period.
       (v) Issues related to lifecycle costs and systems 
     interoperability are continuously considered.
       (vi) Issues of logistics support in cases where the 
     software developer may stop supporting the software system 
     are addressed.
       (vii) Rapid contracting procedures, to include timeframes 
     for award, contract types, teaming, and options.
       (viii) Execution processes, including supporting 
     development and test infrastructure, automation and tools, 
     data collection and sharing, the role of developmental and 
     operational testing activities, and key decisionmaking and 
     oversight events, and supporting processes and activities 
     such as independent costing activity, operational 
     demonstration, and performance metrics.
       (ix) Administrative procedures, including procedures 
     related to the roles and responsibilities of the implementing 
     project or product teams and supporting activities, team 
     selection and staffing process, oversight roles and 
     responsibilities, and appropriate independent technology 
     assessments, testing, and cost estimation, including relevant 
     thresholds or designation criteria.
       (x) Mechanisms and waivers designed to ensure flexibility 
     in the implementation of the authority, including the use of 
     other transaction authority, broad agency announcements, and 
     other procedures.

                       Subtitle F--Other Matters

     SEC. 861. NOTIFICATION OF NAVY PROCUREMENT PRODUCTION 
                   DISRUPTIONS.

       (a) In General.--Chapter 137 of title 10, United States 
     Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new 
     section:

     ``Sec. 2339b. Notification of Navy procurement production 
       disruptions

       ``(a) Requirement for Contractor To Provide Notice of 
     Delays.--The Secretary of the Navy shall require prime 
     contractors of any Navy procurement program to report within 
     15 calendar days any stop work order or other manufacturing 
     disruption of 15 calendar days or more, by the prime 
     contractor or any sub-contractor, to the respective program 
     manager and Navy technical authority.
       ``(b) Quarterly Reports.--The Secretary of the Navy shall 
     submit to the congressional defense committees not later than 
     15 calendar days after the end of each quarter of a fiscal 
     year a report listing all notifications made pursuant to 
     subsection (a) during the preceding quarter.''.
       (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the 
     beginning of chapter 137 of title 10, United States Code, is 
     amended by

[[Page S3905]]

     inserting after the item relating to section 2339a the 
     following new item:

``2339b. Notification of Navy procurement production disruptions.''.

     SEC. 862. MODIFICATION TO ACQUISITION AUTHORITY OF THE 
                   COMMANDER OF THE UNITED STATES CYBER COMMAND.

       Section 807 of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
     Fiscal Year 2016 (Public Law 114-92; 10 U.S.C. 2224 note) is 
     amended by inserting ``on new contract efforts'' after ``may 
     not obligate or expend more than $75,000,000''.

     SEC. 863. PROHIBITION ON OPERATION OR PROCUREMENT OF FOREIGN-
                   MADE UNMANNED AIRCRAFT SYSTEMS.

       (a) Prohibition on Agency Operation or Procurement.--The 
     Secretary of Defense may not operate or enter into or renew a 
     contract for the procurement of--
       (1) a covered unmanned aircraft system that--
       (A) is manufactured in a covered foreign country or by an 
     entity domiciled in a covered foreign country;
       (B) uses flight controllers, radios, data transmission 
     devices, cameras, or gimbals manufactured in a covered 
     foreign country or by an entity domiciled in a covered 
     foreign country;
       (C) uses a ground control system or operating software 
     developed in a covered foreign country or by an entity 
     domiciled in a covered foreign country; or
       (D) uses network connectivity or data storage located in or 
     administered by an entity domiciled in a covered foreign 
     country; or
       (2) a system manufactured in a covered foreign country or 
     by an entity domiciled in a covered foreign country for the 
     detection or identification of covered unmanned aircraft 
     systems.
       (b) Exemption.--The Secretary of Defense is exempt from the 
     restriction under subsection (a) if the operation or 
     procurement is for the purposes of--
       (1) Counter-UAS surrogate testing and training; or
       (2) intelligence, electronic warfare, and information 
     warfare operations, testing, analysis, and training.
       (c) Waiver.--The Secretary of Defense may waive the 
     restriction under subsection (a) on a case by case basis by 
     certifying in writing to the congressional defense committees 
     that the operation or procurement is required in the national 
     interest of the United States.
       (d) Definitions.--In this section:
       (1) Covered foreign country.--The term ``covered foreign 
     country'' means the People's Republic of China.
       (2) Covered unmanned aircraft system.--The term ``covered 
     unmanned aircraft system'' means an unmanned aircraft system 
     and any related services and equipment.

     SEC. 864. PROHIBITION ON CONTRACTING WITH PERSONS THAT HAVE 
                   BUSINESS OPERATIONS WITH THE MADURO REGIME.

       (a) Prohibition.--Except as provided under subsections (c), 
     (d), and (e), the Department of Defense may not enter into a 
     contract for the procurement of goods or services with any 
     person that has business operations with an authority of the 
     Government of Venezuela that is not recognized as the 
     legitimate Government of Venezuela by the United States 
     Government.
       (b) Definitions.--In this section:
       (1) Business operations.--The term ``business operations'' 
     means engaging in commerce in any form, including acquiring, 
     developing, maintaining, owning, selling, possessing, 
     leasing, or operating equipment, facilities, personnel, 
     products, services, personal property, real property, or any 
     other apparatus of business or commerce.
       (2) Government of venezuela.--(A) The term ``Government of 
     Venezuela'' includes the government of any political 
     subdivision of Venezuela, and any agency or instrumentality 
     of the Government of Venezuela.
       (B) For purposes of subparagraph (A), the term ``agency or 
     instrumentality of the Government of Venezuela'' means an 
     agency or instrumentality of a foreign state as defined in 
     section 1603(b) of title 28, United States Code, with each 
     reference in such section to ``a foreign state'' deemed to be 
     a reference to ``Venezuela''.
       (3) Person.--The term ``person'' means--
       (A) a natural person, corporation, company, business 
     association, partnership, society, trust, or any other 
     nongovernmental entity, organization, or group;
       (B) any governmental entity or instrumentality of a 
     government, including a multilateral development institution 
     (as defined in section 1701(c)(3) of the International 
     Financial Institutions Act (22 U.S.C. 262r(c)(3))); and
       (C) any successor, subunit, parent entity, or subsidiary 
     of, or any entity under common ownership or control with, any 
     entity described in subparagraph (A) or (B).
       (c) Exceptions.--
       (1) In general.--The prohibition under subsection (a) does 
     not apply to a contract that the Secretary of Defense 
     determines--
       (A) is necessary--
       (i) for purposes of providing humanitarian assistance to 
     the people of Venezuela;
       (ii) for purposes of providing disaster relief and other 
     urgent life-saving measures;
       (iii) to carry out noncombatant evacuations; or
       (iv) to carry out stabilization activities; or
       (B) is vital to the national security interests of the 
     United States.
       (2) Notification requirement.--The Secretary of Defense 
     shall notify the congressional defense committees of any 
     contract entered into on the basis of an exception provided 
     for under paragraph (1).
       (d) Office of Foreign Assets Control Licenses.--The 
     prohibition in subsection (a) shall not apply to a person 
     that has a valid license to operate in Venezuela issued by 
     the Office of Foreign Assets Control.
       (e) American Diplomatic Mission in Venezuela.--The 
     prohibition in subsection (a) shall not apply to contracts 
     related to the operation and maintenance of the United States 
     Government's consular offices and diplomatic posts in 
     Venezuela.
       (f) Applicability.--This section shall apply with respect 
     to any contract entered into on or after the date of the 
     enactment of this section.

     SEC. 865. COMPTROLLER GENERAL OF THE UNITED STATES REPORT ON 
                   DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE EFFORTS TO COMBAT HUMAN 
                   TRAFFICKING THROUGH PROCUREMENT PRACTICES.

       (a) In General.--Not later than one year after the date of 
     the enactment of this Act, the Comptroller General of the 
     United States shall submit to the appropriate congressional 
     committees a report on Department of Defense efforts to 
     combat human trafficking.
       (b) Elements.--The report required under subsection (a) 
     shall evaluate--
       (1) the efforts of the Department of Defense to combat 
     human trafficking in its contracting and supply chain policy, 
     regulation, and practices, to include implementation of title 
     XVII of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
     Year 2013 (Public Law 112-239; 126 Stat. 2092) and Executive 
     Order 13627 (77 Fed. Reg. 60029), as well as the nature and 
     extent of training for Department of Defense contract 
     officers on how to evaluate compliance plans, monitor 
     contractor adherence to the plans, and respond to reports of 
     noncompliance;
       (2) the role of the current trafficking in person's office 
     within the Department of Defense in helping the Department 
     address all forms of human trafficking, and what, if any, 
     improvements should be made to the office;
       (3) the process used by contract officers to evaluate 
     compliance plans with regards to preventing human 
     trafficking; and
       (4) how many instances of human trafficking have been 
     reported to the Inspector General of the Department of 
     Defense and the outcome of those cases.
       (c) Appropriate Congressional Committees Defined.--In this 
     section , the term ``appropriate congressional committees'' 
     means--
       (1) the Committee on Armed Services and the Committee on 
     the Judiciary of the Senate; and
       (2) the Committee on Armed Services and the Committee on 
     the Judiciary of the House of Representatives.

      TITLE IX--DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE ORGANIZATION AND MANAGEMENT

   Subtitle A--Office of the Secretary of Defense and Related Matters

     SEC. 901. HEADQUARTERS ACTIVITIES OF THE DEPARTMENT OF 
                   DEFENSE MATTERS.

       (a) Assessment and Reform of Enterprise Business 
     Operations.--Subsection (b) of section 921 of the John S. 
     McCain National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 
     2019 (Public Law 115-232; 10 U.S.C. 2222 note) is amended to 
     read as follows:
       ``(b) Assessment and Reform of Enterprise Business 
     Operations.--
       ``(1) Periodic assessments and actions.--Not later than 
     January 1, 2020, and not less frequently than once every five 
     years thereafter, the Secretary of Defense shall, acting 
     through the Chief Management Officer of the Department of 
     Defense--
       ``(A) assess enterprise business operations of the 
     Department of Defense across all organizations and elements 
     of the Department; and
       ``(B) take or direct the taking of such actions as will 
     minimize the duplication of efforts and maximize efficiency 
     and effectiveness in mission execution.
       ``(2) CMO reports.--Not later than January 1 of every fifth 
     calendar year beginning with January 1, 2025, the Chief 
     Management Officer shall submit to the congressional defense 
     committees a report that describes the assessments carried 
     out and the actions taken by the Chief Management Officer, 
     and by other officers or employees of the Department at the 
     direction of the Chief Management Office, under this 
     subsection during the preceding five years, including the 
     following:
       ``(A) A description of the metrics for performance relating 
     to minimization of duplication of efforts and maximization of 
     efficiency and effectiveness in mission execution established 
     for applicable organizations and elements of the Department.
       ``(B) A certification of any costs avoided or cost savings 
     achieved as a result of such assessments and actions.''.
       (b) Report on Military and Civilian Personnel for the NGB 
     and National Guard Joint Staff.--Not later than January 1, 
     2020, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the 
     congressional defense committees a report setting forth the 
     following:
       (1) The total number of members of the Armed Forces and 
     civilian employees of the Department of Defense assigned to 
     the Office of the Chief of the National Guard Bureau and the 
     National Guard Joint Staff.
       (2) A recommendation for the total number of members and 
     employees required for the Office of the Chief of the 
     National Guard Bureau and the National Guard Joint Staff to 
     execute the missions and functions of the

[[Page S3906]]

     National Guard Bureau and the National Guard Joint Staff.
       (c) Repeal of Superseded Limitations.--The following 
     provisions are repealed:
       (1) Section 601 of the Goldwater-Nichols Department of 
     Defense Reorganization Act of 1986 (10 U.S.C. 194 note).
       (2) Section 1111 of the Duncan Hunter National Defense 
     Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2009 (10 U.S.C. 143 note).
       (d) Modification of Limitations on Number of Personnel in 
     OSD and Other DoD Headquarters.--
       (1) OSD.--Section 143 of title 10, United States Code, is 
     amended--
       (A) in subsection (a), by striking ``3,767'' and inserting 
     ``4,000''; and
       (B) in subsection (b), by striking ``, civilian, and 
     detailed personnel'' and inserting ``and civilian 
     personnel''.
       (2) Joint staff.--
       (A) In general.--Section 155(h) of such title is amended--
       (i) in paragraph (1), by striking ``2,069'' and inserting 
     ``2,250''; and
       (ii) in paragraph (2), by striking ``1,500'' and inserting 
     ``1,600''.
       (B) Effective date.--The amendments made by subparagraph 
     (A) shall take effect on December 31, 2019, immediately after 
     the coming into effect of the amendment made by section 
     903(b) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
     Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328; 130 Stat. 2344), to which such 
     amendments relate
       (3) Office of secretary of the army.--Section 7014(f) of 
     title 10, United States Code, is amended--
       (A) in paragraph (1), by striking ``3,105'' and inserting 
     ``3,250''; and
       (B) in paragraph (2), by striking ``1,865'' and inserting 
     ``1,900''.
       (4) Office of secretary of the navy.--Section 8014(f) of 
     such title is amended--
       (A) in paragraph (1), by striking ``2,866'' and inserting 
     ``3,000''; and
       (B) in paragraph (2), by striking ``1,720'' and inserting 
     ``1,800''.
       (5) Office of secretary of the air force.--Section 9014(f) 
     of such title is amended--
       (A) in paragraph (1), by striking ``2,639'' and inserting 
     ``2,750''; and
       (B) in paragraph (2), by striking ``1,585'' and inserting 
     ``1,650''.
       (e) Sunset of Reduction in Funding for DoD Headquarters, 
     Administrative, and Support Activities.--Section 346 of the 
     National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2016 (10 
     U.S.C. 111 note) is amended by adding at the end the 
     following new subsection:
       ``(c) Sunset.--No action is required under this section 
     with respect to any fiscal year after fiscal year 2019.''.

     SEC. 902. RESPONSIBILITY OF UNDER SECRETARY OF DEFENSE FOR 
                   ACQUISITION AND SUSTAINMENT FOR PROCUREMENT 
                   TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE COOPERATIVE AGREEMENT 
                   PROGRAM.

       (a) In General.--Section 2411(3) of title 10, United States 
     Code, is amended by striking ``Secretary of Defense acting 
     through the Director of the Defense Logistics Agency'' and 
     inserting ``Secretary of Defense acting through the Under 
     Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment''.
       (b) Authority to Pay Administrative and Other Costs.--
     Section 2417 of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
     striking ``Director of the Defense Logistics Agency'' and 
     inserting ``Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and 
     Sustainment''.

     SEC. 903. RETURN TO CHIEF INFORMATION OFFICER OF THE 
                   DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE OF RESPONSIBILITY FOR 
                   BUSINESS SYSTEMS AND RELATED MATTERS.

       (a) Return of Responsibility.--
       (1) In general.--Section 142(b)(1) of title 10, United 
     States Code, is amended by striking ``systems and'' each 
     place it appears in subparagraphs (A), (B), and (C).
       (2) Conforming amendments to cmo authorities.--Section 
     132a(b) of such title is amended--
       (A) in paragraph (2), by striking ``performance measurement 
     and management, and business information technology 
     management and improvement activities and programs'' and 
     inserting ``and performance measurement and management 
     activities and programs'';
       (B) by striking paragraphs (4) and (5); and
       (C) by redesignating paragraphs (6) and (7) as paragraphs 
     (4) and (5), respectively.
       (b) Chief Data Officer Responsibility for DoD Data Sets.--
       (1) In general.--In addition to any other functions and 
     responsibilities specified in section 3520(c) of title 44, 
     United States, Code, the Chief Data Officer of the Department 
     of Defense shall also be the official in the Department of 
     Defense with principal responsibility for providing for the 
     availability of common, usable, Defense-wide data sets.
       (2) Access to all dod data.--In order to carry out the 
     responsibility specified in paragraph (1), the Chief Data 
     Officer shall have access to all Department of Defense data, 
     including data in connection with warfighting missions and 
     back-office data.
       (3) Responsible to cio.--The Chief Data Officer shall 
     report directly to the Chief Information Officer of the 
     Department of Defense in the performance of the 
     responsibility specified in paragraph (1).
       (4) Report.--Not later than December 1, 2019, the Secretary 
     of Defense shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services 
     of the Senate and the House of Representatives a report 
     setting forth such recommendations for legislative or 
     administrative action as the Secretary considers appropriate 
     to carry out this subsection.

     SEC. 904. SENIOR MILITARY ADVISOR FOR CYBER POLICY AND DEPUTY 
                   PRINCIPAL CYBER ADVISOR.

       (a) Advisor.--
       (1) In general.--The Under Secretary of Defense for Policy 
     shall, acting through the Joint Staff, designate an officer 
     within the Office of the Under Secretary of Defense for 
     Policy to serve within that Office as the Senior Military 
     Advisor for Cyber Policy, and concurrently, as the Deputy 
     Principal Cyber Advisor.
       (2) Officers eligible for designation.--The officer 
     designated pursuant to this subsection shall be designated 
     from among commissioned regular officers of the Armed Forces 
     in a general or flag officer grade who are qualified for 
     designation
       (3) Grade.--The officer designated pursuant to this 
     subsection shall have the grade of major general or rear 
     admiral while serving in that position, without vacating the 
     officer's permanent grade.
       (b) Scope of Positions.--
       (1) In general.--The officer designated pursuant to 
     subsection (a) is each of the following:
       (A) The Senior Military Advisor for Cyber Policy to the 
     Under Secretary of Defense for Policy.
       (B) The Deputy Principal Cyber Advisor to the Under 
     Secretary of Defense for Policy.
       (2) Direction and control and reporting.--In carrying out 
     duties under this section, the officer designed pursuant to 
     subsection (a) shall be subject to the authority, direction, 
     and control of, and shall report directly to, the following:
       (A) The Under Secretary with respect to Senior Military 
     Advisor for Cyber Policy duties.
       (B) The Principal Cyber Advisor with respect to Deputy 
     Principal Cyber Advisor duties.
       (c) Duties.--
       (1) Duties as senior military advisor for cyber policy.--
     The duties of the officer designated pursuant to subsection 
     (a) as Senior Military Advisor for Cyber Policy are as 
     follows:
       (A) To serve as the principal uniformed military advisor on 
     military cyber forces and activities to the Under Secretary 
     of Defense for Policy.
       (B) To assess and advise the Under Secretary on aspects of 
     policy relating to military cyberspace operations, resources, 
     personnel, cyber force readiness, cyber workforce 
     development, and defense of Department of Defense networks.
       (C) To advocate, in consultation with the Joint Staff, and 
     senior officers of the Armed Forces and the combatant 
     commands, for consideration of military issues within the 
     Office of the Under Secretary of Defense for Policy, 
     including coordination and synchronization of Department 
     cyber forces and activities.
       (D) To maintain open lines of communication between the 
     Chief Information Officer of the Department of Defense, 
     senior civilian leaders within the Office of the Under 
     Secretary, and senior officers on the Joint Staff, the Armed 
     Forces, and the combatant commands on cyber matters, and to 
     ensure that military leaders are informed on cyber policy 
     decisions.
       (2) Duties as deputy principal cyber advisor.--The duties 
     of the officer designated pursuant to subsection (a) as 
     Deputy Principal Cyber Advisor are as follows:
       (A) To synchronize, coordinate, and oversee implementation 
     of the Cyber Strategy of the Department of Defense and other 
     relevant policy and planning.
       (B) To advise the Secretary of Defense on cyber programs, 
     projects, and activities of the Department, including with 
     respect to policy, training, resources, personnel, manpower, 
     and acquisitions and technology.
       (C) To oversee implementation of Department policy and 
     operational directives on cyber programs, projects, and 
     activities, including with respect to resources, personnel, 
     manpower, and acquisitions and technology.
       (D) To assist in the overall supervision of Department 
     cyber activities relating to offensive missions.
       (E) To assist in the overall supervision of Department 
     defensive cyber operations, including activities of 
     component-level cybersecurity service providers and the 
     integration of such activities with activities of the Cyber 
     Mission Force.
       (F) To advise senior leadership of the Department on, and 
     advocate for, investment in capabilities to execute 
     Department missions in and through cyberspace.
       (G) To identify shortfalls in capabilities to conduct 
     Department missions in and through cyberspace, and make 
     recommendations on addressing such shortfalls in the Program 
     Budget Review process.
       (H) To coordinate and consult with stakeholders in the 
     cyberspace domain across the Department in order to identify 
     other issues on cyberspace for the attention of senior 
     leadership of the Department.
       (I) On behalf of the Principal Cyber Advisor, to lead the 
     cross-functional team established pursuant to 932(c)(3) of 
     the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2014 
     (10 U.S.C. 2224 note) in order to synchronize and coordinate 
     military and civilian cyber forces and activities of the 
     Department.

[[Page S3907]]

  


     SEC. 905. LIMITATION ON TRANSFER OF STRATEGIC CAPABILITIES 
                   OFFICE.

       (a) Limitation.--The Under Secretary of Defense for 
     Research and Engineering may not transfer the Strategic 
     Capabilities Office or change the reporting structure of the 
     Office, as in effect on the day before the date of the 
     enactment of this Act, until the Secretary of Defense, acting 
     through the Chief Management Officer and the Under Secretary 
     of Defense for Research and Engineering and in consultation 
     with the United States Indo-Pacific, Europe, and Special 
     Operations Command, submits the report required by subsection 
     (b)(1).
       (b) Report.--
       (1) In general.--The Secretary shall submit to the 
     congressional defense committees a report that evaluates the 
     following options for transferring the Office:
       (A) Transferring the Office so that the Director of the 
     Office reports directly to the Under Secretary of Defense for 
     Acquisition and Sustainment.
       (B) Maintaining the arrangement in effect on the day before 
     the date of the enactment of this Act such that the Director 
     continues to report to the Under Secretary of Defense for 
     Research and Engineering.
       (C) Transferring the Office to the Defense Advanced 
     Research Projects Agency.
       (D) Such other options as the Under Secretary may identify.
       (2) Contents.--The report submitted under paragraph (1) 
     shall include, for each option evaluated under such 
     paragraph, an evaluation of whether the option considered 
     will provide for--
       (A) responding to the critical needs of combatant 
     commanders;
       (B) augmentation of cross-Department of Defense efforts 
     with respect to developing strategic capabilities;
       (C) developing new and innovative ways to counter advanced 
     threats;
       (D) providing sound technical and program management for 
     activities of the Strategic Capabilities Office;
       (E) coordinating appropriately with other research and 
     technology development activities of the Department; and
       (F) partnering with and responding to senior leadership 
     across the Department.

Subtitle B--Organization and Management of Other Department of Defense 
                          Offices and Elements

     SEC. 911. ASSISTANT SECRETARIES OF THE MILITARY DEPARTMENTS 
                   FOR ENERGY, INSTALLATIONS, AND ENVIRONMENT.

       (a) Assistant Secretary of the Army.--Section 7016(b) of 
     title 10, United States Code, is amended by adding at the end 
     the following new paragraph:
       ``(6) One of the Assistant Secretaries shall be the 
     Assistant Secretary of the Army for Energy, Installations, 
     and Environment.''.
       (b) Assistant Secretary of the Navy.--Section 8016(b) of 
     such title is amended by adding at the end the following new 
     paragraph:
       ``(5) One of the Assistant Secretaries shall be the 
     Assistant Secretary of the Navy for Energy, Installations, 
     and Environment.''.
       (c) Assistant Secretary of the Air Force.--Section 9016(b) 
     of such title is amended by adding at the end the following 
     new paragraph:
       ``(5) One of the Assistant Secretaries shall be the 
     Assistant Secretary of the Air Force for Energy, 
     Installations, and Environment.''.

     SEC. 912. REPEAL OF CONDITIONAL DESIGNATION OF EXPLOSIVE 
                   ORDNANCE DISPOSAL CORPS AS A BASIC BRANCH OF 
                   THE ARMY.

       Section 582 of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
     Fiscal Year 2018 (Public Law 115-91; 131 Stat. 1415) is 
     repealed, and the amendment otherwise provided for by 
     subsection (a) of that section shall not be made.

                       Subtitle C--Other Matters

     SEC. 921. EXCLUSION FROM LIMITATIONS ON PERSONNEL IN THE 
                   OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY OF DEFENSE AND 
                   DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE HEADQUARTERS OF FELLOWS 
                   APPOINTED UNDER THE JOHN S. MCCAIN DEFENSE 
                   FELLOWS PROGRAM.

       Section 932(f)(3) of the John S. McCain National Defense 
     Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2019 (Public Law 115-232; 
     132 Stat. 1935; 10 U.S.C. prec. 1580 note) is amended by 
     adding at the end the following new sentence: ``An individual 
     appointed pursuant to this paragraph shall not count against 
     the limitation on the number of Office of the Secretary of 
     Defense personnel in section 143 of title 10, United States 
     Code, or any similar limitation in law on the number of 
     personnel in headquarters of the Department that would 
     otherwise apply to the office or headquarters to which 
     appointed.''.

     SEC. 922. REPORT ON RESOURCES TO IMPLEMENT THE CIVILIAN 
                   CASUALTY POLICY OF THE DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE.

       Not later than 30 days after the date of the enactment of 
     this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the 
     congressional defense committees a report, in unclassified 
     form, on the resources necessary over the period of the 
     future-years defense plan for fiscal year 2020 under section 
     221 of title United States Code, to fulfill the requirements 
     of section 936 of the John S. McCain National Defense 
     Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2019 (Public Law 115-232l 
     132 Stat. 1939; 10 U.S.C. 134 note) and fully implement 
     policies developed as a result of such section.

                      TITLE X--GENERAL PROVISIONS

                     Subtitle A--Financial Matters

     SEC. 1001. GENERAL TRANSFER AUTHORITY.

       (a) Authority To Transfer Authorizations.--
       (1) Authority.--Upon determination by the Secretary of 
     Defense that such action is necessary in the national 
     interest, the Secretary may transfer amounts of 
     authorizations made available to the Department of Defense in 
     this division for fiscal year 2020 between any such 
     authorizations for that fiscal year (or any subdivisions 
     thereof). Amounts of authorizations so transferred shall be 
     merged with and be available for the same purposes as the 
     authorization to which transferred.
       (2) Limitation.--Except as provided in paragraph (3), the 
     total amount of authorizations that the Secretary may 
     transfer under the authority of this section may not exceed 
     $4,000,000,000.
       (3) Exception for transfers between military personnel 
     authorizations.--A transfer of funds between military 
     personnel authorizations under title IV shall not be counted 
     toward the dollar limitation in paragraph (2).
       (b) Limitations.--The authority provided by subsection (a) 
     to transfer authorizations--
       (1) may only be used to provide authority for items that 
     have a higher priority than the items from which authority is 
     transferred; and
       (2) may not be used to provide authority for an item that 
     has been denied authorization by Congress.
       (c) Effect on Authorization Amounts.--A transfer made from 
     one account to another under the authority of this section 
     shall be deemed to increase the amount authorized for the 
     account to which the amount is transferred by an amount equal 
     to the amount transferred.
       (d) Notice to Congress.--The Secretary shall promptly 
     notify Congress of each transfer made under subsection (a).

     SEC. 1002. MODIFICATION OF REQUIRED ELEMENTS OF ANNUAL 
                   REPORTS ON EMERGENCY AND EXTRAORDINARY EXPENSES 
                   OF THE DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE.

       Paragraph (2) of section 127(d) of title 10, United States 
     Code, is amended to read as follows:
       ``(2) Each report submitted under paragraph (1) shall 
     include, for each individual expenditure covered by such 
     report in an amount in excess of $20,000, the following:
       ``(A) A detailed description of the purpose of such 
     expenditure.
       ``(B) The amount of such expenditure.
       ``(C) An identification of the approving authority for such 
     expenditure.
       ``(D) A justification why other authorities available to 
     the Department could not be used for such expenditure.
       ``(E) Any other matters the Secretary considers 
     appropriate.''.

     SEC. 1003. INCLUSION OF MILITARY CONSTRUCTION PROJECTS IN 
                   ANNUAL REPORTS ON UNFUNDED PRIORITIES OF THE 
                   ARMED FORCES AND THE COMBATANT COMMANDS.

       (a) Inclusion of Military Construction Projects Among 
     Unfunded Priorities.--Subsection (d) of section 222a of title 
     10, United States Code, is amended in the matter preceding 
     paragraph (1) by inserting ``, including a military 
     construction project,'' after ``program, activity, or mission 
     requirement''.
       (b) Order of Urgency of Priority.--Paragraph (2) of 
     subsection (c) of such section is amended to read as follows:
       ``(2) Prioritization of priorities.--Each report shall 
     present the unfunded priorities covered by such report as 
     follows:
       ``(A) In overall order of urgency of priority.
       ``(B) In overall order of urgency of priority among 
     unfunded priorities (other than military construction 
     projects).
       ``(C) In overall order of urgency of priority among 
     military construction projects.''.

     SEC. 1004. PROHIBITION ON DELEGATION OF RESPONSIBILITY FOR 
                   SUBMITTAL TO CONGRESS OF OUT-YEAR UNCONSTRAINED 
                   TOTAL MUNITIONS REQUIREMENTS AND OUT-YEAR 
                   INVENTORY NUMBERS.

       Section 222c of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
       (1) in subsection (a), by striking ``subsection (b)'' and 
     inserting ``subsection (c)'';
       (2) by redesignating subsections (b), (c), and (d) as 
     subsections (c), (d), and (e), respectively;
       (3) by inserting after subsection (a) the following new 
     subsection (b):
       ``(b) Prohibition on Delegation of Submittal 
     Responsibility.--The responsibility of the chief of staff of 
     an armed force in subsection (a) to submit a report may not 
     be delegated outside the armed force concerned.''; and
       (4) in subsection (c), as redesignated by paragraph (2), by 
     striking ``subsection (c)'' in paragraph (6) and inserting 
     ``subsection (d)''.

     SEC. 1005. ELEMENT IN ANNUAL REPORTS ON THE FINANCIAL 
                   IMPROVEMENT AND AUDIT REMEDIATION PLAN ON 
                   ACTIVITIES WITH RESPECT TO CLASSIFIED PROGRAMS.

       Section 240b(b)(1) of title 10, United States Code, is 
     amended--
       (1) in subparagraph (B), by adding at the end the following 
     new clause:
       ``(ix) A description of audit activities and results for 
     classified programs, including a description of the use of 
     procedures and requirements to prevent unauthorized exposure 
     of classified information in such activities.''; and

[[Page S3908]]

       (2) in subparagraph (C)(i), by inserting ``or (ix)'' after 
     ``clause (vii)''.

     SEC. 1006. MODIFICATION OF SEMIANNUAL BRIEFINGS ON THE 
                   CONSOLIDATED CORRECTIVE ACTION PLAN OF THE 
                   DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE FOR FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT 
                   INFORMATION.

       (a) In General.--Paragraph (2) of section 240b(b) of title 
     10, United States Code, is amended to read as following:
       ``(2) Semiannual briefings.--
       ``(A) In general.--Not later than February 28 and September 
     30 each year, the Under Secretary of Defense (Comptroller) 
     and the comptrollers of the military departments shall 
     provide a briefing to the congressional defense committees on 
     the status of the consolidated corrective action plan 
     referred to in paragraph (1)(B)(i) as of the end of the most 
     recent calendar half-year ending before such briefing.
       ``(B) Elements.--Each briefing under subparagraph (A) shall 
     include the following:
       ``(i) The absolute number, and the percentage, of personnel 
     performing the amount of auditing or audit remediation 
     services being performed by professionals meeting the 
     qualifications described in section 240d(b) of this title as 
     of the last day of the calendar half-year covered by such 
     briefing.
       ``(ii) With respect to each finding and recommendation 
     issued in connection with the audit of the financial 
     statements of a department, agency, component, or other 
     element of the Department of Defense, or the Department of 
     Defense as a whole, that was received by the Department 
     during the calendar half-year covered by such briefing, each 
     of the following:

       ``(I) A description of the manner in which the corrective 
     action plan of such department, agency, component, or element 
     and the corrective action plan of the Department as a whole, 
     or the corrective action plan of the Department as a whole 
     (in the case of a finding or recommendation regarding the 
     Department as a whole), has been modified in order to 
     incorporate such finding or recommendation into such plans or 
     plan.
       ``(II) An identification of the processes, systems, 
     procedures, and technologies required to implement such 
     corrective action plans or plan, as so modified.
       ``(III) A determination of the funds required to procure, 
     obtain, or otherwise implement each process, system, and 
     technology identified pursuant to subclause (II).
       ``(IV) An identification the manner in which such 
     corrective action plans or plan, as so modified, support the 
     National Defense Strategy (NDS) of the United States.''.

       (b) Technical Amendment.--Paragraph (1)(B)(i) of such 
     section is amended by striking ``section 253a'' and inserting 
     ``section 240c''.
       (c) Effective Date.--The amendment made by subsection (a) 
     shall take effect on the date of the enactment of this Act, 
     and shall apply with respect to calender half-years that end 
     on or after that date.

     SEC. 1007. UPDATE OF AUTHORITIES AND RENAMING OF DEPARTMENT 
                   OF DEFENSE ACQUISITION WORKFORCE DEVELOPMENT 
                   FUND.

       (a) Renaming as Account.--
       (1) In general.--Section 1705 of title 10, United States 
     Code, is amended--
       (A) in subsection (a), by striking ``the `Department of 
     Defense Acquisition Workforce Development Fund' (in this 
     section referred to as the `Fund')'' and inserting ``the 
     `Department of Defense Acquisition Workforce Development 
     Account' (in this section referred to as the `Account')''; 
     and
       (B) by striking ``Fund'' each place it appears (other than 
     subsection (e)(6)) and inserting ``Account''.
       (2) Conforming and clerical amendments.--
       (A) Section heading.--The heading of such section is 
     amended to read as follows:

     ``Sec. 1705. Department of Defense Acquisition Workforce 
       Development Account''.

       (B) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at the 
     beginning of subchapter I of chapter 87 of such title is 
     amended by striking the item relating to section 1705 and 
     inserting the following new item:

``1705. Department of Defense Acquisition Workforce Development 
              Account.''.
       (b) Management.--Such section is further amended by 
     striking ``Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition, 
     Technology, and Logistics'' each place it appears and 
     inserting ``Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and 
     Sustainment''.
       (c) Appropriations as Sole Elements of Account.--Subsection 
     (d) of such section is amended to read as follows:
       ``(d) Elements.--The Account shall consist of amounts 
     appropriated to the Account by law.''.
       (d) Availability of Amounts in Account.--Subsection (e)(6) 
     of such section is amended by striking ``credited to the 
     Fund'' and all that follows and inserting ``appropriated to 
     the Account pursuant to subsection (d) shall remain available 
     for expenditure for the fiscal year in which appropriated and 
     the succeeding fiscal year.''.
       (e) Effective Date.--
       (1) In general.--The amendments made by this section shall 
     take effect on October 1, 2019, and shall apply with respect 
     to fiscal years that begin on or after that date.
       (2) Duration of availability of previously deposited 
     funds.--Nothing in the amendments made by this section shall 
     modify the duration of availability of amounts in the 
     Department of Defense Acquisition Workforce Development Fund 
     that were appropriated or credited to, or deposited, in the 
     Fund, before October 1, 2019, as provided for in section 
     1705(e)(6) of title 10, United States Code, as in effect on 
     the day before such date.

                   Subtitle B--Counterdrug Activities

     SEC. 1011. MODIFICATION OF AUTHORITY TO SUPPORT A UNIFIED 
                   COUNTERDRUG AND COUNTERTERRORISM CAMPAIGN IN 
                   COLOMBIA.

       Section 1021(a)(1) of the Ronald W. Reagan National Defense 
     Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2005 (Public Law 108-375; 
     118 Stat. 2042), as most recently amended by section 1011(1) 
     of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 
     2018 (Public Law 115-91; 131 Stat. 1545), is further amended 
     by striking ``organizations designated as'' and all that 
     follows and inserting ``terrorist organizations or other 
     illegally armed groups that the Secretary of Defense, with 
     the concurrence of the Secretary of State, determines pose a 
     threat to the national security interests of the United 
     States.''.

     SEC. 1012. TWO-YEAR EXTENSION OF AUTHORITY FOR JOINT TASK 
                   FORCES TO PROVIDE SUPPORT TO LAW ENFORCEMENT 
                   AGENCIES CONDUCTING COUNTER-TERRORISM 
                   ACTIVITIES.

       Section 1022(b) of the National Defense Authorization Act 
     for Fiscal Year 2004 (10 U.S.C. 271 note) is amended by 
     striking ``2020'' and inserting ``2022''.

                Subtitle C--Naval Vessels and Shipyards

     SEC. 1016. MODIFICATION OF AUTHORITY TO PURCHASE VESSELS 
                   USING FUNDS IN NATIONAL DEFENSE SEALIFT FUND.

       (a) In General.--Section 2218(f)(3)(E) of title 10, United 
     States Code, is amended--
       (1) in clause (i), by striking ``ten new sealift vessels'' 
     and inserting ``ten new vessels that are sealift vessels, 
     auxiliary vessels, or a combination of such vessels''; and
       (2) in clause (ii), by striking ``sealift''.
       (b) Effective Date.--The amendments made by subsection (a) 
     shall take effect on October 1, 2019, and shall apply with 
     respect to fiscal years beginning on or after that date.

     SEC. 1017. SENIOR TECHNICAL AUTHORITY FOR EACH NAVAL VESSEL 
                   CLASS.

       (a) Senior Technical Authority for Each Class Required.--
     Chapter 863 of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
     inserting after section 8669a the following new section:

     ``Sec. 8669b. Senior Technical Authority for each naval 
       vessel class

       ``(a) Senior Technical Authority.--
       ``(1) Designation for each vessel class required.--The 
     Secretary of the Navy shall designate, in writing, a Senior 
     Technical Authority for each class of naval vessels as 
     follows:
       ``(A) In the case of a class of vessels which has received 
     Milestone A approval, an approval to enter into technology 
     maturation and risk reduction, or an approval to enter into a 
     subsequent Department of Defense or Department of the Navy 
     acquisition phase as of the date of the enactment of the 
     National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2020, not 
     later than 30 days after such date of enactment.
       ``(B) In the case of any class of vessels which has not 
     received any approval described in subparagraph (A) as of 
     such date of enactment, at or before the first of such 
     approvals.
       ``(2) Prohibition on delegation.--The Secretary may not 
     delegate designations under paragraph (1).
       ``(3) Individuals eligible for designation.--Each 
     individual designated as a Senior Technical Authority under 
     paragraph (1) shall be an employee of the Navy in the Senior 
     Executive Service in an organization of the Navy that--
       ``(A) possesses the technical expertise required to carry 
     out the responsibilities specified in subsection (b); and
       ``(B) operates independently of chains-of-command for 
     acquisition program management.
       ``(4) Term.--Each Senior Technical Authority shall be 
     designated for a term, not fewer than six years, specified by 
     the Secretary at the time of designation.
       ``(5) Removal.--An individual may be removed involuntarily 
     from designation as a Senior Technical Authority only by the 
     Secretary. Not later than 15 days after the involuntary 
     removal of an individual from designation as a Senior 
     Technical Authority, the Secretary shall notify, in writing, 
     the congressional defense committees of the removal, 
     including the reasons for the removal.
       ``(b) Responsibilities and Authority.--Each Senior 
     Technical Authority shall be responsible for, and have the 
     authority to, establish, monitor, and approve technical 
     standards, tools, and processes for the class of naval 
     vessels for which designated under this section in 
     conformance with applicable Department of Defense and 
     Department of the Navy policies, requirements, architectures, 
     and standards.
       ``(c) Limitation on Obligation of Funds on Lead Vessel in 
     Vessel Class.--
       ``(1) In general.--On or after October 1, 2020, funds 
     authorized to be appropriated for Shipbuilding and 
     Conversion, Navy or Other Procurement, Navy may not be 
     obligated for the first time on the lead vessel in a class of 
     naval vessels unless the Secretary of the Navy certifies as 
     described in paragraph (2).
       ``(2) Certification elements.--The certification on a class 
     of naval vessels described in

[[Page S3909]]

     this paragraph is a certification containing each of the 
     following:
       ``(A) The name of the individual designated as the Senior 
     Technical Authority for such class of vessels, and the 
     qualifications and professional biography of the individual 
     so designated.
       ``(B) A description by the Senior Technical Authority of 
     the systems engineering, technology, and ship integration 
     risks for such class of vessels.
       ``(C) The designation by the Senior Technical Authority of 
     each critical hull, mechanical, electrical, propulsion, and 
     combat system of such class of vessels, including systems 
     relating to power generation, power distribution, and key 
     operational mission areas.
       ``(D) The date on which the Senior Technical Authority 
     approved the systems engineering, engineering development, 
     and land-based engineering and testing plans for such class 
     of vessels.
       ``(E) A description by the Senior Technical Authority of 
     the key technical knowledge objectives and demonstrated 
     system performance of each plan approved as described in 
     subparagraph (D).
       ``(F) A determination by the Senior Technical Authority 
     that such plans are sufficient to achieve thorough technical 
     knowledge of critical systems of such class of vessels before 
     the start of detail design and construction.
       ``(G) A determination by the Senior Technical Authority 
     that actual execution of activities in support of such plans 
     as of the date of the certification have been and continue to 
     be effective and supportive of the acquisition schedule for 
     such class of vessels.
       ``(H) A description by the Senior Technical Authority of 
     other technology maturation and risk reduction efforts not 
     included in such plans for such class of vessels taken as of 
     the date of the certification.
       ``(I) A certification by the Senior Technical Authority 
     that each critical system covered by subparagraph (C) has 
     been demonstrated through testing of a prototype or identical 
     component in its final form, fit, and function in a realistic 
     environment.
       ``(J) A determination by the Secretary that the plans 
     approved as described in subparagraph (D) are fully funded 
     and will be fully funded in the future-years defense program 
     for the fiscal year beginning in the year in which the 
     certification is submitted.
       ``(K) A determination by the Secretary that the Senior 
     Technical Authority will approve, in writing, the ship 
     specification for such class of vessels before the request 
     for proposals for detail design, construction, or both, as 
     applicable, is released.
       ``(3) Deadline for submittal of certification.--The 
     certification required by this subsection with respect to a 
     class of naval vessels shall be submitted, in writing, to the 
     congressional defense committees not fewer than 30 days 
     before the Secretary obligates for the first time funds 
     authorized to be appropriated for Shipbuilding and 
     Conversion, Navy or Other Procurement, Navy for the lead 
     vessel in such class of naval vessels.
       ``(d) Definitions.--In this section:
       ``(1) The term `class of naval vessels'--
       ``(A) means any group of similar undersea or surface craft 
     procured with Shipbuilding and Conversion, Navy or Other 
     Procurement, Navy funds, including manned, unmanned, and 
     optionally-manned craft; and
       ``(B) includes--
       ``(i) a substantially new class of craft (including craft 
     procured using `new start' procurement); and
       ``(ii) a class of craft undergoing a significant 
     incremental change in its existing class (such as a next 
     `flight' of destroyers or next `block' of attack submarines).
       ``(2) The term `future-years defense program' has the 
     meaning given that term in section 221 of this title.
       ``(3) The term `Milestone A approval' has the meaning given 
     that term in section 2431a of this title.
       (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the 
     beginning of chapter 863 of such title is amended by 
     inserting after the item relating to section 8669a the 
     following new item:

``8669b. Senior Technical Authority for each naval vessel class.''.

     SEC. 1018. PERMANENT AUTHORITY FOR SUSTAINING OPERATIONAL 
                   READINESS OF LITTORAL COMBAT SHIPS ON EXTENDED 
                   DEPLOYMENT.

       Section 8680(a)(2) of title 10, United States Code, is 
     amended by striking subparagraph (D).

                      Subtitle D--Counterterrorism

     SEC. 1021. EXTENSION OF PROHIBITION ON USE OF FUNDS FOR 
                   TRANSFER OR RELEASE OF INDIVIDUALS DETAINED AT 
                   UNITED STATES NAVAL STATION, GUANTANAMO BAY, 
                   CUBA, TO THE UNITED STATES.

       Section 1033 of the John S. McCain National Defense 
     Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2019 (Public Law 115-232) 
     is amended by striking ``December 31, 2019'' and inserting 
     ``December 31, 2020''.

     SEC. 1022. EXTENSION OF PROHIBITION ON USE OF FUNDS TO 
                   CONSTRUCT OR MODIFY FACILITIES IN THE UNITED 
                   STATES TO HOUSE DETAINEES TRANSFERRED FROM 
                   UNITED STATES NAVAL STATION, GUANTANAMO BAY, 
                   CUBA.

       Section 1034(a) of the John S. McCain National Defense 
     Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2019 (Public Law 115-232) 
     is amended by striking ``December 31, 2019'' and inserting 
     ``December 31, 2020''.

     SEC. 1023. EXTENSION OF PROHIBITION ON USE OF FUNDS FOR 
                   TRANSFER OR RELEASE OF INDIVIDUALS DETAINED AT 
                   UNITED STATES NAVAL STATION, GUANTANAMO BAY, 
                   CUBA, TO CERTAIN COUNTRIES.

       Section 1035 of the John S. McCain National Defense 
     Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2018 (Public Law 115-232) 
     is amended by striking ``December 31, 2019'' and inserting 
     ``December 31, 2020''.

     SEC. 1024. EXTENSION OF PROHIBITION ON USE OF FUNDS TO CLOSE 
                   OR RELINQUISH CONTROL OF UNITED STATES NAVAL 
                   STATION, GUANTANAMO BAY, CUBA.

       Section 1036 of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
     Fiscal Year 2018 (Public Law 115-91; 131 Stat. 1551), as 
     amended by section 1032 of the John S. McCain National 
     Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2019 (Public Law 
     115-232), is further amended by striking ``or 2019'' and 
     inserting ``, 2019, or 2020''.

     SEC. 1025. AUTHORITY TO TRANSFER INDIVIDUALS DETAINED AT 
                   UNITED STATES NAVAL STATION, GUANTANAMO BAY, 
                   CUBA, TO THE UNITED STATES TEMPORARILY FOR 
                   EMERGENCY OR CRITICAL MEDICAL TREATMENT.

       (a) Temporary Transfer for Medical Treatment.--
     Notwithstanding section 1033 of the John S. McCain National 
     Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2019 (Public Law 
     115-232), or any similar provision of law enacted after 
     September 30, 2015, the Secretary of Defense may, after 
     consultation with the Secretary of Homeland Security, 
     temporarily transfer an individual detained at Guantanamo to 
     a Department of Defense medical facility in the United States 
     for the sole purpose of providing the individual medical 
     treatment if the Secretary of Defense determines that--
       (1) the medical treatment of the individual is necessary to 
     prevent death or imminent significant injury or harm to the 
     health of the individual;
       (2) the necessary medical treatment is not available to be 
     provided at United States Naval Station, Guantanamo Bay, 
     Cuba, without incurring excessive and unreasonable costs; and
       (3) the Department of Defense has provided for appropriate 
     security measures for the custody and control of the 
     individual during any period in which the individual is 
     temporarily in the United States under this section.
       (b) Limitation on Exercise of Authority.--The authority of 
     the Secretary of Defense under subsection (a) may be 
     exercised only by the Secretary of Defense or another 
     official of the Department of Defense at the level of Under 
     Secretary of Defense or higher.
       (c) Conditions of Transfer.--An individual who is 
     temporarily transferred under the authority in subsection (a) 
     shall--
       (1) while in the United States, remain in the custody and 
     control of the Secretary of Defense at all times; and
       (2) be returned to United States Naval Station, Guantanamo 
     Bay, Cuba, as soon as feasible after a Department of Defense 
     physician determines, in consultation with the Commander, 
     Joint Task Force-Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, that any necessary 
     follow-up medical care may reasonably be provided the 
     individual at United States Naval Station, Guantanamo Bay.
       (d) Status While in United States.--An individual who is 
     temporarily transferred under the authority in subsection 
     (a), while in the United States--
       (1) shall be deemed at all times and in all respects to be 
     in the uninterrupted custody of the Secretary of Defense, as 
     though the individual remained physically at United States 
     Naval Station, Guantanamo Bay, Cuba;
       (2) shall not at any time be subject to, and may not apply 
     for or obtain, or be deemed to enjoy, any right, privilege, 
     status, benefit, or eligibility for any benefit under any 
     provision of the immigration laws (as defined in section 
     101(a)(17) of the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 
     1101(a)(17)), or any other law or regulation;
       (3) shall not be permitted to avail himself of any right, 
     privilege, or benefit of any law of the United States beyond 
     those available to individuals detained at United States 
     Naval Station, Guantanamo Bay; and
       (4) shall not, as a result of such transfer, have a change 
     in any designation that may have attached to that detainee 
     while detained at United States Naval Station, Guantanamo 
     Bay, pursuant to the Authorization for Use of Military Force 
     (Public Law 107-40), as determined in accordance with 
     applicable law and regulations.
       (e) No Cause of Action.--Any decision to transfer or not to 
     transfer an individual made under the authority in subsection 
     (a) shall not give rise to any claim or cause of action.
       (f) Limitation on Judicial Review.--
       (1) Limitation.--Except as provided in paragraph (2), no 
     court, justice, or judge shall have jurisdiction to hear or 
     consider any claim or action against the United States or its 
     departments, agencies, officers, employees, or agents arising 
     from or relating to any aspect of the detention, transfer, 
     treatment, or conditions of confinement of an individual 
     transferred under this section.
       (2) Exception for habeas corpus.--The United States 
     District Court for the District of Columbia shall have 
     exclusive jurisdiction to consider an application for writ of 
     habeas corpus seeking release from custody filed by or on 
     behalf of an individual who is in the United States pursuant 
     to a temporary

[[Page S3910]]

     transfer under the authority in subsection (a). Such 
     jurisdiction shall be limited to that required by the 
     Constitution, and relief shall be only as provided in 
     paragraph (3). In such a proceeding the court may not review, 
     halt, or stay the return of the individual who is the object 
     of the application to United States Naval Station, Guantanamo 
     Bay, Cuba, pursuant to subsection (c).
       (3) Relief.--A court order in a proceeding covered by 
     paragraph (2)--
       (A) may not order the release of the individual within the 
     United States; and
       (B) shall be limited to an order of release from custody 
     which, when final, the Secretary of Defense shall implement 
     in accordance with section 1034 of the National Defense 
     Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2016 (10 U.S.C. 801 note).
       (g) Notification.--Whenever a temporary transfer of an 
     individual detained at Guantanamo is made under the authority 
     of subsection (a), the Secretary of Defense shall notify the 
     Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of 
     Representatives of the transfer not later than five days 
     after the date on which the transfer is made.
       (h) Individual Detained at Guantanamo Defined.--In this 
     section, the term ``individual detained at Guantanamo'' means 
     an individual located at United States Naval Station, 
     Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, as of October 1, 2009, who--
       (1) is not a national of the United States (as defined in 
     section 101(a)(22) of the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 
     U.S.C. 1101(a)(22)) or a member of the Armed Forces of the 
     United States; and
       (2) is--
       (A) in the custody or under the control of the Department 
     of Defense; or
       (B) otherwise detained at United States Naval Station, 
     Guantanamo Bay.
       (i) Applicability.--This section shall apply to an 
     individual temporarily transferred under the authority in 
     subsection (a) regardless of the status of any pending or 
     completed proceeding or detention on the date of the 
     enactment of this Act.

     SEC. 1026. CHIEF MEDICAL OFFICER AT UNITED STATES NAVAL 
                   STATION, GUANTANAMO BAY, CUBA.

       (a) Chief Medical Officer.--
       (1) In general.--There shall be at United States Naval 
     Station, Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, a Chief Medical Officer of 
     United States Naval Station, Guantanamo Bay (in this section 
     referred to as the ``Chief Medical Officer'').
       (2) Grade.--The individual serving as Chief Medical Officer 
     shall be an officer of the Armed Forces who holds a grade not 
     below the grade of colonel, or captain in the Navy.
       (3) Chain of command.--The Chief Medical Officer shall 
     report to the Assistant Secretary of Defense for Health 
     Affairs in the performance of duties and the exercise of 
     powers of the Chief Medical Officer under this section.
       (b) Duties.--
       (1) In general.--The Chief Medical Officer shall oversee 
     the provision of medical care to individuals detained at 
     Guantanamo.
       (2) Quality of care.--The Chief Medical Officer shall 
     ensure that medical care provided as described in paragraph 
     (1) meets applicable standards of care.
       (c) Powers.--
       (1) In general.--The Chief Medical Officer shall make 
     medical determinations relating to medical care for 
     individuals detained at Guantanamo, including--
       (A) decisions regarding assessment, diagnosis, and 
     treatment; and
       (B) determinations concerning medical accommodations to 
     living conditions and operating procedures for detention 
     facilities.
       (2) Resolution of declination to follow determinations.--If 
     the commander of Joint Task Force Guantanamo declines to 
     follow a determination of the Chief Medical Officer under 
     paragraph (1), the matter covered by such determination shall 
     be jointly resolved by the Assistant Secretary of Defense for 
     Special Operations and Low Intensity Conflict and the 
     Assistant Secretary of Defense for Health Affairs not later 
     than seven days after receipt of notification of the matter 
     by either Assistant Secretary.
       (3) Security clearances.--The appropriate departments or 
     agencies of the Federal Government shall, to the extent 
     practicable in accordance with existing procedures and 
     requirements, process expeditiously any application and 
     adjudication for a security clearance required by the Chief 
     Medical Officer to carry out the Chief Medical Officer's 
     duties and powers under this section.
       (d) Access to Individuals, Information, and Assistance.--
       (1) In general.--The Chief Medical Officer may secure 
     directly from the Department of Defense access to any 
     individual, information, or assistance that the Chief Medical 
     Officer considers necessary to enable the Chief Medical 
     Officer to carry out this section, including full access to 
     the following:
       (A) Any individual detained at Guantanamo.
       (B) Any medical records of any individual detained at 
     Guantanamo.
       (C) Medical professionals of the Department who are 
     working, or have worked, at United States Naval Station, 
     Guantanamo Bay.
       (2) Access upon request.--Upon request of the Chief Medical 
     Officer, the Department shall make available to the Chief 
     Medical Officer on an expeditious basis access to 
     individuals, information, and assistance as described in 
     paragraph (1).
       (3) Lack of expeditious availability.--If access to 
     individuals, information, or assistance is not made available 
     to the Chief Medical Officer upon request on an expeditious 
     basis as required by paragraph (2), the Chief Medical Officer 
     shall notify the Assistant Secretary of Defense for Health 
     Affairs, who shall take actions to resolve the matter 
     expeditiously.
       (e) Definitions.--In this section:
       (1) Individual detained at guantanamo defined.--The term 
     ``individual detained at Guantanamo'' means an individual 
     located at United States Naval Station, Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, 
     as of October 1, 2009, who--
       (A) is not a national of the United States (as defined in 
     section 101(a)(22) of the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 
     U.S.C. 1101(a)(22)) or a member of the Armed Forces of the 
     United States; and
       (B) is--
       (i) in the custody or under the control of the Department 
     of Defense; or
       (ii) otherwise detained at United States Naval Station, 
     Guantanamo Bay.
       (2) Medical care.--The term ``medical care'' means physical 
     and mental health care.
       (3) Standard of care.--The term ``standard of care'' means 
     evaluation and treatment that is accepted by medical experts 
     and reflected in peer-reviewed medical literature as the 
     appropriate medical approach for a condition, symptoms, 
     illness, or disease and that is widely used by healthcare 
     professionals.

         Subtitle E--Miscellaneous Authorities and Limitations

     SEC. 1031. CLARIFICATION OF AUTHORITY OF MILITARY COMMISSIONS 
                   UNDER CHAPTER 47A OF TITLE 10, UNITED STATES 
                   CODE, TO PUNISH CONTEMPT.

       (a) Clarification.--
       (1) In general.--Subchapter IV of chapter 47A of title 10, 
     United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the 
     following new section:

     ``Sec. 949o-1. Contempt

       ``(a) Authority to Punish.--(1) With respect to any 
     proceeding under this chapter, a judicial officer specified 
     in paragraph (2) may punish for contempt any person who--
       ``(A) uses any menacing word, sign, or gesture in the 
     presence of the judicial officer during the proceeding;
       ``(B) disturbs the proceeding by any riot or disorder; or
       ``(C) willfully disobeys a lawful writ, process, order, 
     rule, decree, or command issued with respect to the 
     proceeding.
       ``(2) A judicial officer referred to in paragraph (1) is 
     any of the following:
       ``(A) Any judge of the United States Court of Military 
     Commission Review.
       ``(B) Any military judge detailed to a military commission 
     or any other proceeding under this chapter.
       ``(b) Punishment.--The punishment for contempt under 
     subsection (a) may not exceed confinement for 30 days, a fine 
     of $1,000, or both.
       ``(c) Review.--(1) A punishment under this section--
       ``(A) is not reviewable by the convening authority of a 
     military commission under this chapter;
       ``(B) if imposed by a military judge, shall constitute a 
     judgment, subject to review in the first instance only by the 
     United States Court of Military Commission Review and then 
     only by the United States Court of Appeals for the District 
     of Columbia Circuit; and
       ``(C) if imposed by a judge of the United States Court of 
     Military Commission Review, shall constitute a judgment of 
     the court subject to review only by the United States Court 
     of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit.
       ``(2) In reviewing a punishment for contempt imposed under 
     this section, the reviewing court shall affirm such 
     punishment unless the court finds that imposing such 
     punishment was an abuse of the discretion of the judicial 
     officer who imposed such punishment.
       ``(3) A petition for review of punishment for contempt 
     imposed under this section shall be filed not later than 60 
     days after the date on which the authenticated record upon 
     which the contempt punishment is based and any contempt 
     proceedings conducted by the judicial officer are served on 
     the person punished for contempt.
       ``(d) Punishment Not Conviction.--Punishment for contempt 
     is not a conviction or sentence within the meaning of section 
     949m of this title. The imposition of punishment for contempt 
     is not governed by other provisions of this chapter 
     applicable to military commissions, except that the Secretary 
     of Defense may prescribe procedures for contempt proceedings 
     and punishments, pursuant to the authority provided in 
     section 949a of this title.''.
       (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at the 
     beginning of subchapter IV of such chapter is amended by 
     adding at the end the following new item:

``949o-1. Contempt.''.
       (b) Conforming Amendments.--Section 950t of title 10, 
     United States Code, is amended--
       (1) by striking paragraph (31); and
       (2) by redesignating paragraph (32) as paragraph (31).
       (c) Rule of Construction.--The amendments made by 
     subsections (a) and (b) shall not be construed to affect the 
     lawfulness of any punishment for contempt adjudged prior to 
     the effective date of such amendments.
       (d) Applicability.--The amendments made by subsections (a) 
     and (b) shall take effect on

[[Page S3911]]

     the date of the enactment of this Act, and shall apply with 
     respect to conduct by a person that occurs on or after such 
     date.

     SEC. 1032. COMPREHENSIVE DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE POLICY ON 
                   COLLECTIVE SELF-DEFENSE.

       (a) Comprehensive Policy Required.--The Secretary of 
     Defense shall prescribe a comprehensive written policy for 
     the Department of Defense on the issuance of authorization 
     for, and the provision by members and units of the United 
     States Armed Forces of, collective self-defense to designated 
     foreign nationals, their facilities, and their property.
       (b) Elements.--The policy required by subsection (a) shall 
     address the following:
       (1) Each basis under domestic and international law 
     pursuant to which a member or unit of the United States Armed 
     Forces has been or may be authorized to provide collective 
     self-defense to designated foreign nationals, their 
     facilities, or their property under each circumstance as 
     follows:
       (A) Inside an area of active hostilities, or in a country 
     or territory in which United States forces are authorized to 
     conduct or support direct action operations.
       (B) Outside an area of active hostilities, or in a country 
     or territory in which United States forces are not authorized 
     to conduct direct action military operations.
       (C) When United States personnel, facilities, or equipment 
     are not threatened, including both as described in 
     subparagraph (A) and as described in subparagraph (B).
       (D) When members of the United States Armed Forces are not 
     participating in a military operation as part of an 
     international coalition.
       (E) Any other circumstance not encompassed by subparagraphs 
     (A) through (D) in which a member or unit of the United 
     States Armed Forces has been or may be authorized to provide 
     such collective self-defense.
       (2) A list and explanation of any limitations imposed by 
     law or policy on the provision of collective self-defense to 
     designated foreign nationals, their facilities, and their 
     property under any of the bases in domestic or international 
     law in the circumstances enumerated in paragraph (1), and the 
     conditions under which any such limitation applies.
       (3) The procedure by which a proposal that any member or 
     unit of the United States Armed Forces provide collective 
     self-defense in support of designated foreign nationals, 
     their facilities, and their property is to be submitted, 
     processed, and endorsed through offices, officers, and 
     officials of the Department to the applicable approval 
     authority for final decision, and a list of any information, 
     advice, or opinion to be included with such proposal in order 
     to inform appropriate action on such proposal by such 
     approval authority.
       (4) The title and duty position of any officers and 
     officials of the Department empowered to render a final 
     decision on a proposal described in paragraph (3), and the 
     conditions applicable to, and limitations on, the exercise of 
     such decisionmaking authority by each such officer or 
     official.
       (5) A description of the Rules of Engagement applicable to 
     the provision of collective self-defense to designated 
     foreign nationals, their facilities, and their property under 
     any of the bases in domestic or international law in the 
     circumstances enumerated in paragraph (1), and the conditions 
     under which any such Rules of Engagement would be modified.
       (6) A description of the process through which policy 
     guidance pertaining to the authorization for, and the 
     provision by members of the United States Armed Forces of, 
     collective self-defense to designated foreign nationals, 
     their facilities, and their property is to be disseminated to 
     the level of tactical execution.
       (7) Such other matters as the Secretary considers 
     appropriate.
       (c) Report on Policy.--
       (1) In general.--Not later than 60 days after the date of 
     the enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall submit to the 
     congressional defense committees a report setting forth the 
     policy required by subsection (a).
       (2) DoD general counsel statement.--The Secretary shall 
     include in the report under paragraph (1) a statement by the 
     General Counsel of the Department of Defense as to whether 
     the policy prescribed pursuant to subsection (a) is 
     consistent with domestic and international law.
       (3) Form.--The report required by paragraph (1) may be 
     submitted in classified form.
       (d) Briefing on Policy.--Not later than 30 days after the 
     date of the submittal of the report required by subsection 
     (c), the Secretary shall provide the congressional defense 
     committees a classified briefing on the policy prescribed 
     pursuant to subsection (a). The briefing shall make use of 
     vignettes designated to illustrate real world application of 
     the policy in each the circumstances enumerated in subsection 
     (b)(1).

     SEC. 1033. OVERSIGHT OF DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE EXECUTE ORDERS.

       (a) Review of Execute Orders.--Upon a written request by 
     the Chairman or Ranking Member of a congressional defense 
     committee, the Secretary of Defense shall provide the 
     committee, including appropriately designated staff of the 
     committee, with an execute order approved by the Secretary or 
     the commander of a combatant command for reveiw within 30 
     days of receiving the written request.
       (b) Exception.--
       (1) In general.--In extraordinary circumstances necessary 
     to protect operations security, the sensitivity of the 
     execute order, or other appropriate considerations, the 
     Secretary may limit review of an execute order.
       (2) Summary and other information.--In extraordinary 
     circumstances described in paragraph (1) with respect to an 
     execute order, the Secretary shall provide the committee 
     concerned, including appropriately designated staff of the 
     committee, a detailed summary of the execute order and other 
     information necessary for the conduct of the oversight duties 
     of the committee within 30 days of receiving the written 
     request under subsection (a).

     SEC. 1034. PROHIBITION ON OWNERSHIP OR TRADING OF STOCKS IN 
                   CERTAIN COMPANIES BY DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE 
                   OFFICERS AND EMPLOYEES.

       (a) Prohibition on Ownership and Trading by Certain Senior 
     Officials.--
       (1) Prohibition.--An official of the Department of Defense 
     described in paragraph (2) may not own or trade a publicly 
     traded stock of a company if, during the preceding calendar 
     year, the company received more than $1,000,000,000 in 
     revenue from the Department of Defense, including through one 
     or more contracts with the Department.
       (2) Department of defense officials.--An official of the 
     Department of Defense described in this paragraph is any 
     current Department of Defense official described by section 
     847(c) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
     Year 2008 (10 U.S.C. 1701 note).
       (3) Administrative actions.--In the event that an official 
     of the Department of Defense described in subsection (a) 
     knowingly fails to comply with the requirements of this 
     subsection, the Secretary of Defense may take administrative 
     action against the official, including suspension or 
     termination, in accordance with the procedures otherwise 
     applicable to administrative actions against such officials.
       (b) Prohibition on Ownership and Trading by All Officers 
     and Employees.--An officer or employee of the Department of 
     Defense may not own or trade a publicly traded stock of a 
     company that is a contractor or subcontractor of the 
     Department if the Office of Standards and Compliance of the 
     Office of the General Counsel of the Department of Defense 
     determines that the value of the stock may be directly or 
     indirectly influenced by any official action of the officer 
     or employee for the Department.
       (c) Inapplicability to Mutual Funds.--For purposes of this 
     section, publically-traded stock does not include a widely-
     held investment fund described in section 102(f)(8) of the 
     Ethics in Government Act of 1978 (5 U.S.C. App.).

     SEC. 1035. POLICY REGARDING THE TRANSITION OF DATA AND 
                   APPLICATIONS TO THE CLOUD.

       (a) Policy Required.--Not later than 180 days after the 
     date of the enactment of this Act, the Chief Information 
     Officer of the Department of Defense and the Chief Data 
     Officer of the Department shall, in consultation with the J6 
     of the Joint Staff and the Chief Management Officer, develop 
     and issue enterprise-wide policy and implementing 
     instructions regarding the transition of data and 
     applications to the cloud under the Department cloud strategy 
     in accordance with subsection (b).
       (b) Design.--The policy required by subsection (a) shall be 
     designed to dramatically improve support to operational 
     missions and management processes, including by the use of 
     artificial intelligence and machine learning technologies, 
     by--
       (1) making the data of the Department available to support 
     new types of analyses;
       (2) preventing, to the maximum extent practicable, the 
     replication in the cloud of data stores that cannot readily 
     be accessed by applications for which the data stores were 
     not originally engineered;
       (3) ensuring that data sets can be readily discovered and 
     combined with others to enable new insights and capabilities; 
     and
       (4) ensuring that data and applications are readily 
     portable and not tightly coupled to a specific cloud 
     infrastructure or platform.

     SEC. 1036. MODERNIZATION OF INSPECTION AUTHORITIES APPLICABLE 
                   TO THE NATIONAL GUARD AND EXTENSION OF 
                   INSPECTION AUTHORITY TO THE CHIEF OF THE 
                   NATIONAL GUARD BUREAU.

       (a) Modernization of Inspection Authorities of Secretaries 
     of the Army and Air Force.--Subsection (a) of section 105 of 
     title 32, United States Code, is amended--
       (1) in the matter preceding paragraph (1)--
       (A) by striking ``by him, the Secretary of the Army shall 
     have'' and inserting ``by such Secretary, the Secretary of 
     the Army and the Secretary of the Air Force shall each 
     have'';
       (B) by striking ``, if necessary,''; and
       (C) by striking ``the Regular Army'' and inserting ``the 
     Regular Army or the Regular Air Force'';
       (2) by striking ``Army National Guard'' each place it 
     appears and inserting ``Army National Guard or Air National 
     Guard''; and
       (3) by striking the flush matter following paragraph (7).
       (b) Inspection Authority of Chief of the National Guard 
     Bureau.--Such section is further amended by adding at the end 
     the following new subsection:
       ``(c) Under regulations prescribed by the Chief of the 
     National Guard Bureau, the Chief of the National Guard Bureau 
     may

[[Page S3912]]

     have an inspection made by inspectors general, or by 
     commissioned officers of the Army National Guard of the 
     United States or the Air National Guard of the United States 
     detailed for that purpose, in order to determine the 
     following:
       ``(1) Whether the units and members of the Army National 
     Guard comply with Federal law and policy applicable to the 
     National Guard, including policies issued by the Department 
     of Defense, the Department of the Army, and the National 
     Guard Bureau.
       ``(2) Whether the units and members of the Air National 
     Guard comply with Federal law and policy applicable to the 
     National Guard, including policies issued by the Department 
     of Defense, the Department of the Air Force, and the National 
     Guard Bureau.''.

     SEC. 1037. ENHANCEMENT OF AUTHORITIES ON FORFEITURE OF 
                   FEDERAL BENEFITS BY THE NATIONAL GUARD.

       (a) In General.--The text of section 108 of title 32, 
     United States Code, is amended to read as follows:
       ``(a) Availability of Funds Contingent on Compliance With 
     Federal Law and Policy.--The availability of Federal funds 
     provided to the National Guard of individual States is 
     contingent upon compliance with Federal law and policy 
     applicable to the National Guard.
       ``(b) Bar of States for Failure To Comply.--If, within a 
     time fixed by the President, a State fails to comply with 
     Federal law or policy applicable to the National Guard, a 
     requirement of this title, or a regulation prescribed under 
     this title, the National Guard of that State is barred, in 
     whole or in part (as the President may prescribe), from 
     receiving such money or other aid, benefit, or privilege 
     authorized by law with respect to the National Guard of that 
     State as the President may prescribe.
       ``(c) Bar or Withdrawal of Recognition of Officers for 
     Failure To Comply.--If, within a time fixed by the President, 
     an officer of the National Guard fails to comply with Federal 
     law or policy applicable to the National Guard, the President 
     may bar the officer from receiving Federal funds, or withdraw 
     the officer's Federal recognition under section 323 of this 
     title.
       ``(d) Bar or Withdrawal of Recognition of Units for Failure 
     To Comply.--If, within a time fixed by the President, a unit 
     of the National Guard fails to comply with Federal law or 
     policy applicable to the National Guard, the President may 
     bar the unit from receiving Federal funds, or withdraw the 
     unit's Federal recognition.
       ``(e) Advance Notice to Congress on Final Actions.--Before 
     taking a final action under subsection (c) or (d), President 
     shall notify the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate 
     and the House of Representatives of such final action.
       ``(f) Limitation on Delegation of Final Actions.--The 
     President may not delegate the authority to take a final 
     action under subsection (c) or (d) to any official other than 
     the Secretary of Defense.''.
       (b) Effective Date.--The amendment made by subsection (a) 
     shall take effect on October 1, 2019, and shall apply with 
     respect to amounts authorized to be appropriated for fiscal 
     years that begin on or after that date.

     SEC. 1038. MODERNIZATION OF AUTHORITIES ON PROPERTY AND 
                   FISCAL OFFICERS OF THE NATIONAL GUARD.

       (a) Property and Fiscal Officer for Each State From NGB.--
     Section 708 of title 32, United States Code, is amended--
       (1) by striking subsection (a) and inserting the following 
     new subsection (a):
       ``(a) Property and Fiscal Officer for Each State.--(1) The 
     Chief of the National Guard Bureau shall assign, designate, 
     or detail, subject to the approval of the Secretary of the 
     Army or the Secretary of the Air Force, as applicable, a 
     qualified commissioned officer ordered to active duty in the 
     National Guard Bureau under section 12402(a) of title 10 to 
     be the property and fiscal officer of each State, Territory, 
     and the District of Columbia.
       ``(2)(A) An officer may not be assigned, designated, or 
     detailed as the property and fiscal officer of a State, 
     Territory, or the District of Columbia under paragraph (1) if 
     the officer has served within such jurisdiction during the 36 
     months preceding such assignment, designation, or detail.
       ``(B) The Secretary of the Army or the Secretary of the Air 
     Force may waive the applicability of subparagraph (A) to the 
     assignment, designation, or detail of a particular officer if 
     such Secretary considers the waiver to be in the best 
     interests of the State, Territory, or District of Columbia, 
     as applicable, concerned.
       ``(3) An officer assigned, designated, or detailed as a 
     property and fiscal officer under paragraph (1) shall, while 
     so serving as such an officer, serve in a grade commensurate 
     with the functions and responsibilities of the officer, but 
     not above the grade of colonel.''; and
       (2) by striking subsection (d).
       (b) Support Staff.--Such section is further amended--
       (1) by redesignating subsections (b) and (c) as subsections 
     (c) and (d), respectively; and
       (2) by inserting after subsection (a), as amended by 
     subsection (a) of this section, the following new subsection 
     (b):
       ``(b) Support Staff.--The Chief of the National Guard 
     Bureau shall assign, designate, or detail other personnel of 
     the National Guard Bureau to serve as the Federal support 
     staff for the property and fiscal officer for the National 
     Guard of each State, Territory, or the District of Columbia 
     under subsection (a).''.
       (c) Responsibilities.--Subsection (c) of such section, as 
     redesignated by subsection (b)(1) of this section, is 
     amended--
       (1) by inserting ``Responsibilities of Officers.--'' after 
     ``(c)'';
       (2) in paragraph (1), by striking ``he'' and inserting 
     ``such officer''; and
       (3) in paragraph (2), by inserting ``, the Chief of Staff 
     of the Army or the Chief of Staff of the Air Force (as 
     applicable), or the Chief of the National Guard Bureau'' 
     before the period at the end.
       (d) Other Matters.--Such section is further amended--
       (1) by striking subsection (d), as redesignated by 
     subsection (b)(1) of this section; and
       (2) by striking subsection (e).
       (e) Intrustment of Monies.--Such section is further 
     amended--
       (1) by redesignating subsection (f) as subsection (d); and
       (2) in subsection (d), as so redesignated--
       (A) by inserting ``Intrustment of Monies.--'' after 
     ``(d)'';
       (B) by striking ``an officer'' and inserting ``a Federally 
     recognized officer'';
       (C) by striking ``him'' and inserting ``such agent 
     officer''; and
       (D) by striking ``he'' and inserting ``the agent officer''.

     SEC. 1039. LIMITATION ON PLACEMENT BY THE UNDER SECRETARY OF 
                   DEFENSE FOR PERSONNEL AND READINESS OF WORK 
                   WITH FEDERALLY FUNDED RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT 
                   CENTERS.

       (a) Limitation.--The Under Secretary of Defense for 
     Personnel and Readiness may not place any work with a 
     federally funded research and development center (FFRDC) 
     until the Under Secretary submits to the Committees on Armed 
     Services of the Senate and the House of Representatives a 
     report on all studies, reports, and other analyses being 
     undertaken for the Under Secretary as of the date of the 
     report by federally funded research and development centers.
       (b) Elements.--The report required by subsection (a) shall 
     set forth the following:
       (1) A list of each study, report, and analysis described by 
     subsection (a).
       (2) For each study, report, or analysis, the following:
       (A) Title.
       (B) Federally funded research and development center 
     undertaking.
       (C) Amount of contract.
       (D) Anticipated completion date.

     SEC. 1040. TERMINATION OF REQUIREMENT FOR DEPARTMENT OF 
                   DEFENSE FACILITY ACCESS CLEARANCES FOR JOINT 
                   VENTURES COMPOSED OF PREVIOUSLY-CLEARED 
                   ENTITIES.

       A clearance for access to a Department of Defense 
     installation or facility may not be required for a joint 
     venture if that joint venture is composed entirely of 
     entities that are currently cleared for access to such 
     installation or facility.

     SEC. 1041. DESIGNATION OF DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE STRATEGIC 
                   ARCTIC PORTS.

       (a) Findings.--Congress makes the following findings:
       (1) The strategic importance of the Arctic continues to 
     increase as the United States and other countries recognize 
     the military significance of the sea lanes and choke points 
     within the region and understand the potential for power 
     projection from the Arctic into multiple regions.
       (2) On January 19, 2018, Secretary of Defense James Mattis 
     released the document titled ``2018 National Defense Strategy 
     of the United States of America'' in which the Secretary 
     outlined the reemergence of long-term, strategic competition 
     by countries classified by the National Security Strategy as 
     revisionist powers.
       (3) Russia and China have conducted military exercises 
     together in the Arctic, have agreed to connect the Northern 
     Sea Route, claimed by Russia, with China's Maritime Silk 
     Road, and are working together in developing natural gas 
     resources in the Arctic.
       (4) The Government of the Russian Federation--
       (A) has prioritized the development of Arctic capabilities 
     and has made significant investments in military 
     infrastructure in the Arctic, including the creation of a new 
     Arctic Command and the construction or refurbishment of 16 
     deepwater ports and 14 airfields in the region;
       (B) has approximately 40 icebreakers as of May 2019, 
     including several nuclear-powered icebreakers, is currently 
     constructing four icebreakers, and is planning to build an 
     additional eight icebreakers; and
       (C) conducted the largest military exercise since the 
     1980s, Vostok 2018, which included--
       (i) 300,000 troops;
       (ii) 1,000 aircraft;
       (iii) 80 ships;
       (iv) 36,000 vehicles; and
       (v) notably, 3,200 Chinese troops, 30 Chinese rotary and 
     fixed-wing aircraft, and 900 Chinese tanks.
       (5) The Government of the People's Republic of China--
       (A) released, in January 2018, its new Arctic Strategy, the 
     Polar Silk Road, in which it declares itself as a ``near-
     Arctic state'', even though its nearest territory to the 
     Arctic is 900 miles away;
       (B) has publicly stated that it seeks to expand its ``Belt 
     and Road Initiative'' to the Arctic region, including current 
     investment in the natural gas fields in the Yamal Peninsula 
     in Russia, rare-earth element mines in Greenland, and the 
     real estate, alternative energy, and fisheries in Iceland; 
     and

[[Page S3913]]

       (C) has shown great interest in expanding its Arctic 
     presence, including through--
       (i) the operation of research vessels in the region;
       (ii) the recent construction of the Xuelong 2, or Snow 
     Dragon II, the only polar research boat vessel in the world 
     that can break ice while going forward or backward;
       (iii) a freedom of navigation operation in the Aleutian 
     Islands in 2015; and
       (iv) its recent plans to develop a 33,000 ton nuclear-
     powered icebreaker.
       (6) The economic significance of the Arctic continues to 
     grow as countries around the globe begin to understand the 
     potential for maritime transportation through, and economic 
     and trade development in, the region.
       (7) The Arctic is home to 13 percent of the world's 
     undiscovered oil, 30 percent of its undiscovered gas, an 
     abundance of uranium, rare earth minerals, gold, diamonds, 
     and millions of square miles of untapped resources, including 
     abundant fisheries.
       (8) The Bering Strait is experiencing significant increases 
     in international traffic from vessels transiting the Northern 
     Sea Route, increases which are projected to continue if 
     decreases in sea ice coverage continue.
       (9) Along a future ice-free Arctic shipping route, a ship 
     sailing from South Korea to Germany would have an average 
     travel time of just 23 days, compared to 34 days via the Suez 
     Canal and 46 days via the Cape of Good Hope.
       (10) In a speech at the Arctic Forum in September 2011, 
     Russian Federation President Vladimir Putin highlighted the 
     Northern Sea Route as a potential alternative to the Suez 
     Canal and has publicly stated plans to invest $11,400,000,000 
     along the Northern Sea Route by 2024.
       (11) Increases in human, maritime, and resource development 
     activity in the Arctic region are expected to create 
     additional mission requirements for the Department of Defense 
     and the Department of Homeland Security, given--
       (A) the strategic focus of the Government of the Russian 
     Federation and the Government of the People's Republic of 
     China on the Arctic;
       (B) overlapping territorial claims; and
       (C) the potential for maritime accidents, oil spills, and 
     illegal fishing near the exclusive economic zone of the 
     United States.
       (12) The increasing role of the United States in the Arctic 
     has been highlighted in each of the last four National 
     Defense Authorization Acts.
       (13) Section 1068 of the National Defense Authorization Act 
     for Fiscal Year 2016 (Public Law 114-92; 129 Stat. 992) 
     required a new Department of Defense strategy to protect 
     United States national security interests in the Arctic 
     region.
       (14) Section 1095 of the National Defense Authorization Act 
     for Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328; 130 Stat. 2438) 
     required the Department of Defense to create criteria to 
     designate a Department of Defense Strategic Arctic Port.
       (15) Section 122 of the National Defense Authorization Act 
     for Fiscal Year 2018 (Public Law 115-91; 131 Stat. 1310) 
     authorized the procurement of one polar-class heavy 
     icebreaker vessel.
       (16) Section 151 of the John S. McCain National Defense 
     Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2019 (Public Law 115-232) 
     authorized the procurement of five additional polar-class 
     icebreaker vessels and expressed that the Coast Guard 
     should--
       (A) maintain an inventory of not fewer than six polar-class 
     icebreaker vessels;
       (B) award a contract for the first new polar-class 
     icebreaker not later than fiscal year 2019 and deliver the 
     icebreaker not later than fiscal year 2023; and
       (C) deliver the second through sixth polar-class 
     icebreakers at a rate of one vessel per year in fiscal years 
     2025 through 2029.
       (17) In January 2017, the Department of Defense released a 
     report entitled ``Report to Congress on Strategy to Protect 
     United States National Security Interests in the Arctic 
     Region'' to update ``the ways and means'' the Department of 
     Defense intends to use to achieve its objectives as it 
     implements the 2013 National Strategy for the Arctic Region, 
     including--
       (A) enhancing the capability of United States forces to 
     defend the homeland and exercise sovereignty;
       (B) strengthening deterrence at home and abroad;
       (C) preserving freedom of the seas in the Arctic; and
       (D) evolving the infrastructure and capabilities of the 
     Department in the Arctic consistent with changing conditions 
     and needs.
       (18) The United States Coast Guard Arctic Strategic Outlook 
     released in April 2019 states, ``Demonstrating commitment to 
     operational presence, Canada, Denmark, and Norway have made 
     strategic investments in ice-capable patrol ships charged 
     with national or homeland security missions. [The United 
     States] is the only Arctic State that has not made similar 
     investments in ice-capable surface maritime security assets. 
     This limits the ability of the Coast Guard, and the Nation, 
     to credibly uphold sovereignty or respond to contingencies in 
     the Arctic''.
       (19) On January 12, 2017, Secretary of Defense James Mattis 
     stated, ``The Arctic is key strategic terrain . . . Russia is 
     taking aggressive steps to increase its presence there . . . 
     I will prioritize the development of an integrated strategy 
     for the Arctic. I believe that our interests and the security 
     of the Arctic would benefit from increasing the focus of the 
     Department of Defense on this region''.
       (20) On January 9, 2019, Secretary of the Air Force Heather 
     Wilson and Chief of Staff of the Air Force General David 
     Goldfein wrote, ``. . . the Arctic has become even more 
     important to the nation. Both a northern approach to the 
     United States, as well as a critical location for projecting 
     American power, its geo-strategic significance is difficult 
     to overstate''.
       (21) On February 26, 2019, General John Hyten, Commander of 
     the United States Strategic Command, stated, ``In particular, 
     the Arctic is an area that we really need to focus on and 
     really look at investing. That is no longer a buffer zone. We 
     need to be able to operate there. We need to be able to 
     communicate there. We need to have a presence there that we 
     have not invested in in the same way that our adversaries 
     have. And they see that as a vulnerability from us, whereas 
     it is becoming a strength for them and it is a weakness for 
     us, we need to flip that equation''.
       (22) On February 26, 2019, General Terrence O'Shaughnessy, 
     Commander of the United States Northern Command stated, ``It 
     has become clear that defense of the homeland depends on our 
     ability to detect and defeat threats operating both in the 
     Arctic and passing through the Arctic. Russia's fielding of 
     advanced, long-range cruise missiles capable of flying 
     through the northern approaches and striking targets in the 
     United States and Canada has emerged as the dominant military 
     threat in the Arctic. . . . Meanwhile, China has declared 
     that it is not content to remain a mere observer in the 
     Arctic and has taken action to normalize its naval and 
     commercial presence in the region in order to increase its 
     access to lucrative resources and shipping routes. I view the 
     Arctic as the front line in the defense of the United States 
     and Canada . . .''.
       (23) On May 6, 2019, Admiral Karl Schultz, Commandant of 
     the Coast Guard stated, ``We talk about the Arctic as a 
     competitive space. We've seen China, we see Russia investing 
     extensively. China built icebreakers in the time since we 
     updated our strategy. China's been operating off the Alaskan 
     Arctic for a good part of the last six years on an annual 
     basis. [The Coast Guard is] championing increased 
     capabilities in the Arctic . . . better communications, 
     better domain awareness . . . . I want to see the Arctic 
     remain a peaceful domain. China's a self-declared Arctic 
     state. They're not one of the eight Arctic nations, so for 
     me, for the service, its presence equals influence''.
       (24) On May 6, 2019, Secretary of State Mike Pompeo stated 
     that--
       (A) the Arctic ``has become an arena for power and for 
     competition'', and the United States is ``entering a new age 
     of strategic engagement in the Arctic, complete with new 
     threats to the Arctic and its real estate, and to all of our 
     interests in that region.'';
       (B) ``Arctic sea lanes could become the 21st century Suez 
     and Panama Canals.'';
       (C) ``We're concerned about Russia's claim over the 
     international waters of the Northern Sea Route, including its 
     newly announced plans to connect it with China's Maritime 
     Silk Road.'';
       (D) ``In the Northern Sea Route, Moscow already illegally 
     demands other nations request permission to pass, requires 
     Russian maritime pilots to be aboard foreign ships, and 
     threatens to use military force to sink any that fail to 
     comply with their demands.'';
       (E) there is a ``pattern of aggressive Russian behavior 
     here in the Arctic'' and ``we know Russian territorial 
     ambitions can turn violent''; and
       (F) we do not want ``the Arctic Ocean to transform into a 
     new South China Sea, fraught with militarization and 
     competing territorial claims'', nor do we want ``the fragile 
     Arctic environment exposed to the same ecological devastation 
     caused by China's fishing fleet in the seas off its coast, or 
     unregulated industrial activity in its own country''.
       (25) On December 6, 2018, Secretary of the Navy Richard 
     Spencer stated, ``We need to have a strategic Arctic port up 
     in Alaska. We need to be doing FONOPs in the northwest - in 
     the northern passage. . . . peace through presence with a 
     submarine is a little tough''.
       (26) Meanwhile, the two closest strategic seaports, as 
     designated by the Department of Defense, to the Arctic Circle 
     are the Port of Anchorage and the Port of Tacoma, located 
     approximately 1,500 nautical miles and 2,400 nautical miles 
     away, respectively, and approximately 1,900 nautical miles 
     and 2,800 nautical miles respectively from Barrow, Alaska.
       (27) The distance from Bangor, Maine, to Key West, Florida, 
     is approximately 1,450 nautical miles.
       (b) Sense of Congress.--It is the sense of Congress that--
       (1) the Arctic is a region of strategic importance to the 
     national security interests of the United States and the 
     Department of Defense must better align its presence, force 
     posture, and capabilities to meet the growing array of 
     challenges in the region; and
       (2) although much progress has been made to increase 
     awareness of Arctic issues and to promote increased presence 
     in the region, additional measures, including the designation 
     of one or more strategic Arctic ports, are needed to show the 
     commitment of the United States to this emerging strategic 
     choke point of future great power competition.

[[Page S3914]]

       (c) Report Required.--
       (1) In general.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
     the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense, in 
     consultation with the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, 
     the Commanding General of the United States Army Corps of 
     Engineers, the Commandant of the Coast Guard, and the 
     Administrator of the Maritime Administration, shall submit to 
     the congressional defense committees a report evaluating 
     potential sites for one or more strategic ports in the 
     Arctic.
       (2) Elements.--Consistent with the updated military 
     strategy for the protection of United States national 
     security interests in the Arctic region set forth in the 
     report required under section 1068 of the National Defense 
     Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2016 (Public Law 114-92; 
     129 Stat. 992), the report required under paragraph (1) shall 
     include--
       (A) an evaluation of the amount of sufficient and suitable 
     space needed to create capacity for port and other necessary 
     infrastructure for at least one of each of type of Navy or 
     Coast Guard vessel, including an Arleigh Burke class 
     destroyer of the Navy, a national security cutter, and a 
     heavy polar ice breaker of the Coast Guard;
       (B) an evaluation of the amount of sufficient and suitable 
     space needed to create capacity for equipment and fuel 
     storage, technological infrastructure, and civil 
     infrastructure to support military and civilian operations, 
     including--
       (i) aerospace warning;
       (ii) maritime surface and subsurface warning;
       (iii) maritime control and defense;
       (iv) maritime domain awareness;
       (v) homeland defense;
       (vi) defense support to civil authorities;
       (vii) humanitarian relief;
       (viii) search and rescue;
       (ix) disaster relief;
       (x) oil spill response;
       (xi) medical stabilization and evacuation; and
       (xii) meteorological measurements and forecasting;
       (C) an identification of proximity and road access required 
     to an airport designated as a commercial service airport by 
     the Federal Aviation Administration that is capable of 
     supporting military and civilian aircraft for operations 
     designated in subparagraph (B);
       (D) a description of the requirements, to include 
     infrastructure and installations, communications, and 
     logistics necessary to improve response effectiveness to 
     support military and civilian operations described in 
     subparagraph (B);
       (E) an identification of the sites that the Secretary 
     recommends as potential sites for designation as Department 
     of Defense Strategic Arctic Ports;
       (F) the estimated cost of sufficient construction necessary 
     to initiate and sustain expected operations at such sites; 
     and
       (G) such other information as the Secretary deems relevant.
       (d) Designation of Strategic Arctic Ports.--Not later than 
     90 days after the date on which the report required under 
     subsection (c) is submitted, the Secretary of Defense, in 
     consultation with the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, 
     the Commanding General of the United States Army Corps of 
     Engineers, the Commandant of the Coast Guard, and the 
     Administrator of the Maritime Administration, shall designate 
     one or more ports as Department of Defense Strategic Arctic 
     Ports from the sites identified under subsection (c)(2)(E).
       (e) Rule of Construction.--Nothing in this section may be 
     construed to authorize any additional appropriations for the 
     Department of Defense for the establishment of any port 
     designated pursuant to this section.
       (f) Arctic Defined.--In this section, the term ``Arctic'' 
     has the meaning given that term in section 112 of the Arctic 
     Research and Policy Act of 1984 (15 U.S.C. 4111).

     SEC. 1042. EXTENSION OF NATIONAL SECURITY COMMISSION ON 
                   ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE.

       (a) Extension.--Subsection (e) of section 1051 of the John 
     S. McCain National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 
     2019 (Public Law 115-232; 132 Stat. 1962) is amended by 
     striking ``October 1, 2020'' and inserting ``March 1, 2021''.
       (b) Reports.--Subsection (c) of such section is amended--
       (1) in paragraph (1), by striking ``Not later than 180 days 
     after the date of the enactment of this Act'' and inserting 
     ``Not later than August 1, 2019'';
       (2) by redesignating paragraph (3) as paragraph (4); and
       (3) by inserting after paragraph (1) the following new 
     paragraphs:
       ``(2) Interim reports.--Not later than each of December 1, 
     2019, and December 1, 2020, the Commission shall submit as 
     described in that paragraph an interim report on the review 
     required under subsection (b).
       ``(3) Final report.--Not later than March 1, 2021, the 
     Commission shall submit as described in paragraph (1) a 
     comprehensive final report on the review required under 
     subsection (b).''.

     SEC. 1043. AUTHORITY TO TRANSFER FUNDS FOR BIEN HOA DIOXIN 
                   CLEANUP.

       (a) Transfer Authority.--Notwithstanding section 2215 of 
     title 10, United States Code, the Secretary of Defense may 
     transfer to the Secretary of State, for use by the United 
     States Agency for International Development, amounts to be 
     used for the Bien Hoa dioxin cleanup in Vietnam.
       (b) Limitation on Amount.--Not more than $15,000,000 may be 
     transferred in fiscal year 2020 under the authority in 
     subsection (a).
       (c) Additional Transfer Authority.--The transfer authority 
     in subsection (a) is in addition to any other transfer 
     authority available to the Department of Defense.

     SEC. 1044. LIMITATION ON USE OF FUNDS TO HOUSE CHILDREN 
                   SEPARATED FROM PARENTS.

       (a) In General.--None of the amounts authorized to be 
     appropriated by this Act to the Department of Defense for 
     fiscal year 2020 may be used to house a child separated from 
     a parent.
       (b) Child Separated From a Parent Defined.--The term 
     ``child separated from a parent'' means a person who--
       (1) entered the United States, before attaining 18 years of 
     age, at a port of entry or between ports of entry; and
       (2) was separated from his or her parent or legal guardian 
     by the Department of Homeland Security, and the Department of 
     Homeland Security failed to demonstrate in a hearing that the 
     parent or legal guardian was unfit or presented a danger to 
     the child.

                    Subtitle F--Studies and Reports

     SEC. 1051. MODIFICATION OF ANNUAL REPORTING REQUIREMENTS ON 
                   DEFENSE MANPOWER.

       (a) Conversion of Annual Requirements Report Into Annual 
     Profile Report.--Section 115a of title 10, United States 
     Code, is amended--
       (1) in subsection (a)--
       (A) in the matter preceding paragraph (1), by striking the 
     first two sentences and inserting the following new sentence: 
     ``Not later than April 1 each year, the Secretary of Defense 
     shall submit to Congress a defense manpower profile 
     report.'';
       (B) in paragraph (1), by adding ``and'' at the end;
       (C) in paragraph (2), by striking ``; and'' and inserting a 
     period; and
       (D) by striking paragraph (3);
       (2) in subsection (b)--
       (A) by striking ``(1)''; and
       (B) by striking paragraphs (2) and (3);
       (3) in subsection (c), by striking ``the following:'' and 
     all that follows and inserting ``the manpower required for 
     support and overhead functions within the armed forces and 
     the Department of Defense.'';
       (4) by striking subsections (e) and (h); and
       (5) by redesignating subsections (f) and (g) as subsections 
     (e) and (f), respectively.
       (b) Conversion of Certain Current Report Elements Into 
     Separate, Modified Reports.--Such section is further 
     amended--
       (1) in subsection (e), as redesignated by subsection (a)(5) 
     of this section--
       (A) in the matter preceding paragraph (1), by striking 
     ``The Secretary shall also include in each such report'' and 
     inserting ``Not later than June 1 each year, the Secretary 
     shall submit to Congress a report that sets forth''; and
       (B) in paragraph (1), by striking ``and estimates of such 
     numbers for the current fiscal year and subsequent fiscal 
     years''; and
       (2) in subsection (f), as so redesignated--
       (A) in the matter preceding paragraph (1), by striking ``In 
     each report submitted under subsection (a), the Secretary 
     shall also include a detailed discussion'' and inserting 
     ``Not later than September 1 each year, the Secretary shall 
     submit to Congress a report that sets forth a detailed 
     discussion, current as of the preceding fiscal year''; and
       (B) by striking ``the year'' each place it appears and 
     inserting ``the fiscal year''.
       (c) Conforming and Clerical Amendments.--
       (1) Heading amendment.--The heading of such section is 
     amended to read as follows:

     ``Sec. 115a. Annual defense manpower profile report and 
       related reports''.

       (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at the 
     beginning of chapter 3 of such title is amended by striking 
     the item relating to section 115a and inserting the following 
     new item:

``115a. Annual defense manpower profile report and related reports.''.

     SEC. 1052. REPORT ON DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE EFFORTS TO 
                   IMPLEMENT A FORCE PLANNING PROCESS IN SUPPORT 
                   OF IMPLEMENTATION OF THE 2018 NATIONAL DEFENSE 
                   STRATEGY.

       (a) Report Required.--Not later than February 1, 2020, the 
     Under Secretary of Defense for Policy shall submit to the 
     congressional defense committees a report setting forth the 
     plan and processes of the Department of Defense to provide 
     analytic support to senior leaders of the Department for the 
     force planning required to implement the 2018 National 
     Defense Strategy. The analytic support shall be designed to 
     weigh options, examine tradeoffs across the joint force, and 
     drive decisions on force sizing, shaping, capability, and 
     concept development in order to address the threats outlined 
     in the 2018 National Defense Strategy.
       (b) Elements.--The report required by subsection (a) shall 
     include an assessment of the following:
       (1) The major elements, products, and milestones of the 
     force planning process of the Department.
       (2) The conclusions and recommendations of the Defense 
     Planning and Analysis Community initiative.
       (3) The progress of the Department in implementing the 
     recommendations of the Comptroller General of the United 
     States set forth in Government Accountability Office Report 
     GAO-19-40C.
       (4) The progress of the Under Secretary, the Chairman of 
     the Joint Chiefs of Staff,

[[Page S3915]]

     and the Director of Cost Assessment and Program Evaluation in 
     implementing paragraph (5) of section 134(b) of title 10, 
     United States Code, as added by section 902(b) of the John S. 
     McCain National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 
     2019 (Public Law 115-232).

     SEC. 1053. EXTENSION OF ANNUAL REPORTS ON CIVILIAN CASUALTIES 
                   IN CONNECTION WITH UNITED STATES MILITARY 
                   OPERATIONS.

       Section 1057(e) of the National Defense Authorization Act 
     for Fiscal Year 2018 (Public Law 115-91; 131 Stat. 1572) is 
     amended by striking ``the date this is five years after the 
     date of the enactment of this Act'' and inserting ``December 
     31, 2025''.

     SEC. 1054. REPORT ON JOINT FORCE PLAN FOR IMPLEMENTATION OF 
                   STRATEGIES OF THE DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE FOR THE 
                   ARCTIC.

       (a) In General.--Not later than 270 days after the date on 
     which the Secretary of Defense submits to the congressional 
     defense committees the report on an updated Arctic strategy 
     to improve and enhance joint operations required by section 
     1071 of the John S. McCain National Defense Authorization Act 
     for Fiscal Year 2019 (Public Law 115-232), the Secretary of 
     Defense shall, in coordination with the Secretary of the 
     Army, the Secretary of the Navy, and the Secretary of the Air 
     Force, submit to the congressional defense committees a joint 
     force plan for implementation of the following:
       (1) The December 2016 Report to Congress on the Strategy to 
     Protect United States National Security Interests in the 
     Arctic Region.
       (2) The updated Arctic strategy to improve and enhance 
     joint operations.
       (b) Elements.--The report required by subsection (a) shall 
     include the following in connection with the strategies for 
     the Arctic referred to in that subsection:
       (1) A description of the specific means for--
       (A) enhancing the capability of the Armed Forces to defend 
     the homeland and exercise sovereignty;
       (B) strengthening deterrence at home and abroad;
       (C) strengthening alliances and partnerships;
       (D) preserving freedom of the seas in the Arctic;
       (E) engaging public, private, and international partners to 
     improve domain awareness in the Arctic;
       (F) developing Department of Defense Arctic infrastructure 
     and capabilities consistent with changing conditions and 
     needs;
       (G) providing support to civil authorities, as directed;
       (H) partnering with other departments, agencies, and 
     countries to support human and environmental security; and
       (I) supporting international institutions that promote 
     regional cooperation and the rule of law.
       (2) An analysis of the operational and contingency plans 
     for the protection of United States national security 
     interests in the Arctic region.
       (3) A description of training, capability, and resource 
     gaps that must be addressed to execute each mission described 
     in the updated Arctic strategy.
       (4) A description of the current and projected Arctic 
     capabilities of the Russian Federation and the People's 
     Republic of China, and an analysis of United States 
     capabilities for satisfying--
       (A) each mission described in the updated Arctic strategy; 
     and
       (B) the strategic objectives in the National Defense 
     Strategy.
       (c) Form.--The report required by subsection (a) shall be 
     submitted in unclassified form, but may include a classified 
     annex.

     SEC. 1055. REPORT ON USE OF NORTHERN TIER BASES IN 
                   IMPLEMENTATION OF ARCTIC STRATEGY OF THE UNITED 
                   STATES.

       (a) In General.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
     the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense, in 
     coordination with the Secretary of the Air Force, shall 
     submit to the congressional defense committees a report 
     outlining how bases in the northern latitudes, including 
     Northern Tier bases, may be used in the implementation of--
       (1) recommendations included in the report submitted by the 
     Secretary of Defense to Congress in December 2016 entitled 
     ``Report to Congress on Strategy to Protect United States 
     National Security Interests in the Arctic Region''; and
       (2) the updated Arctic strategy to improve and enhance 
     joint operations required to be submitted to the 
     congressional defense committees under section 1071 of the 
     John S. McCain National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
     Year 2019 (Public Law 115-232).
       (b) Inclusion of Mission Sets.--The report under subsection 
     (a) shall include a description of current and future mission 
     sets at Northern Tier bases that may further the Arctic 
     strategy of the United States.
       (c) Northern Tier Bases Defined.--In this section, the term 
     ``Northern Tier bases'' means installations in the 
     continental United States that are located in States 
     bordering Canada.

     SEC. 1056. REPORT ON THE DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE PLAN FOR MASS-
                   CASUALTY DISASTER RESPONSE OPERATIONS IN THE 
                   ARCTIC.

       (a) Sense of Senate.--It is the sense of the Senate that--
       (1) the Department of Defense may be called upon to support 
     the Coast Guard and other agencies of the Department of 
     Homeland Security in responding to any mass-casualty disaster 
     response operations in the Arctic;
       (2) coordination between the Department of Defense and the 
     Coast Guard might be necessary for responding to a mass-
     casualty event in the Arctic; and
       (3) prior planning for Arctic mass-casualty disaster 
     response operations will bolster the response of the Federal 
     Government to a mass-casualty disaster in the Arctic 
     environment.
       (b) Report.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
     enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall, in 
     coordination with the Secretary of Homeland Security, submit 
     to the appropriate committees of Congress a report on the 
     plan of the Department of Defense for assisting mass-casualty 
     disaster response operations in the Arctic.
       (c) Elements.--The report required by subsection (b) shall 
     include the following:
       (1) A description of the assets that could be made 
     available to support other agencies and departments of the 
     Federal Government for mass-casualty disaster response 
     operations in the Arctic.
       (2) A description and assessment of the command, control, 
     and coordination relationships that would be useful to 
     integrate rescue forces for such operations from multiple 
     departments and agencies of the Federal Government.
       (3) A description and assessment of the communications 
     assets that could be made available in support of other 
     agencies and departments of the Federal Government for 
     communication and coordination in such operations.
       (4) A description of any cooperative arrangements with 
     Canada and other regional partners in providing rescue assets 
     and infrastructure in connection with such operations.
       (5) A description of available medical infrastructure and 
     assets that could be made available in support of other 
     agencies and departments of the Federal Government for 
     aeromedical evacuation in connection with such operations.
       (6) A description of available shelter locations that could 
     be made available in support of other agencies and 
     departments of the Federal Government for use in connection 
     with such operations, including the number of people that can 
     be sheltered per location.
       (7) An assessment of logistical challenges that evacuations 
     from the Arctic in connection with such operations entail, 
     including potential rotary and fixed-wing aircraft trans-load 
     locations and onward movement requirements.
       (d) Appropriate Committees of Congress Defined.--In this 
     section, the term ``appropriate committees of Congress'' 
     means--
       (1) the Committee on Armed Services, the Committee on 
     Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs, and the Committee 
     on Appropriations of the Senate; and
       (2) the Committee on Armed Services, the Committee on 
     Homeland Security, and the Committee on Appropriations of the 
     House of Representatives.

     SEC. 1057. ANNUAL REPORTS ON APPROVAL OF EMPLOYMENT OR 
                   COMPENSATION OF RETIRED GENERAL OR FLAG 
                   OFFICERS BY FOREIGN GOVERNMENTS FOR EMOLUMENTS 
                   CLAUSE PURPOSES.

       (a) Annual Reports.--Section 908 of title 37, United States 
     Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new 
     subsection:
       ``(d) Annual Reports on Approvals for Retired General and 
     Flag Officers.--(1) Not later than January 31 each year, the 
     Secretaries of the military departments shall jointly submit 
     to the appropriate committees and Members of Congress a 
     report on each approval under subsection (b) for employment 
     or compensation described in subsection (a) for a retired 
     member of the armed forces in a general or flag officer grade 
     that was issued during the preceding year.
       ``(2) In this subsection, the appropriate committees and 
     Members of Congress are--
       ``(A) the Committee on Armed Services, the Committee on 
     Foreign Relations, and the Committee on Appropriations of the 
     Senate;
       ``(B) the Committee on Armed Services, the Committee on 
     Foreign Affairs, and the Committee on Appropriations of the 
     House of Representatives;
       ``(C) the Majority Leader and the Minority Leader of the 
     Senate; and
       ``(D) the Speaker of the House of Representatives and the 
     Minority Leader of the House of Representatives.''.
       (b) Scope of First Report.--The first report submitted 
     pursuant to subsection (d) of section 908 of title 37, United 
     States Code (as added by subsection (a) of this section), 
     after the date of the enactment of this Act shall cover the 
     five-year period ending with the year before the year in 
     which such report is submitted.

     SEC. 1058. TRANSMITTAL TO CONGRESS OF REQUESTS FOR ASSISTANCE 
                   RECEIVED BY THE DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE FROM 
                   OTHER DEPARTMENTS.

       (a) Requests for Assistance.--Not later than seven calendar 
     days after the receipt by the Department of Defense of a 
     Request for Assistance from the Department of Homeland 
     Security or the Department of Health and Human Services, the 
     Secretary of Defense shall electronically transmit to the 
     Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of 
     Representatives a copy of such Request for Assistance.
       (b) Responses to Requests.--At the same time the Secretary 
     of Defense submits to the

[[Page S3916]]

     Secretary of Homeland Security or the Secretary of Health and 
     Human Services an official response of the Department of 
     Defense to a Request for Assistance from the Department of 
     Homeland Security or the Department of Health and Human 
     Services, as applicable, the Secretary of Defense shall 
     transmit to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate 
     and the House of Representatives a copy of such official 
     response.

     SEC. 1059. SEMIANNUAL REPORT ON CONSOLIDATED ADJUDICATION 
                   FACILITY OF THE DEFENSE COUNTERINTELLIGENCE AND 
                   SECURITY AGENCY.

       Not less frequently than once every six months until the 
     Director of the Defense Counterintelligence and Security 
     Agency determines that a steady-state level has been achieved 
     for the Consolidated Adjudication Facility of the Agency, the 
     Director shall submit to the congressional defense committees 
     a report on inventory and timeliness metrics relating to such 
     facility.

     SEC. 1060 COMPTROLLER GENERAL OF THE UNITED STATES REPORT ON 
                   POST-GOVERNMENT EMPLOYMENT OF FORMER DEPARTMENT 
                   OF DEFENSE OFFICIALS.

       Not later than 90 days after the date of the enactment of 
     this Act, the Comptroller General of the United States shall 
     initiate a review updating the information and findings 
     contained in the May 2008 Government Accountability Office 
     report entitled, ``Defense Contracting: Post-Government 
     Employment of Former DOD Officials Needs Greater 
     Transparency'' (GAO-08-485). The Comptroller General shall 
     provide an interim briefing on the status of the review to 
     the congressional defense committees not later than December 
     31, 2020, with a report to follow by a date agreed upon with 
     the committees.

Subtitle G--Treatment of Contaminated Water Near Military Installations

     SEC. 1071. SHORT TITLE.

       This subtitle may be cited as the ``Prompt and Fast Action 
     to Stop Damages Act of 2019''.

     SEC. 1072. DEFINITIONS.

       In this subtitle:
       (1) PFOA.--The term ``PFOA'' means perfluorooctanoic acid.
       (2) PFOS.--The term ``PFOS'' means perfluorooctane 
     sulfonate.

     SEC. 1073. PROVISION OF WATER UNCONTAMINATED WITH 
                   PERFLUOROOCTANOIC ACID (PFOA) AND 
                   PERFLUOROOCTANE SULFONATE (PFOS) FOR 
                   AGRICULTURAL PURPOSES.

       (a) Authority.--
       (1) In general.--Using amounts authorized to be 
     appropriated or otherwise made available for operation and 
     maintenance for the military department concerned, or for 
     operation and maintenance Defense-wide in the case of the 
     Secretary of Defense, the Secretary concerned may provide 
     water sources uncontaminated with perfluoroalkyl and 
     polyfluoroalkyl substances, including PFOA and PFOS, or 
     treatment of contaminated waters, for agricultural purposes 
     used to produce products destined for human consumption in an 
     area in which a water source has been determined pursuant to 
     paragraph (2) to be contaminated with such compounds by 
     reason of activities on a military installation under the 
     jurisdiction of the Secretary concerned.
       (2) Applicable standard.--For purposes of paragraph (1), an 
     area is determined to be contaminated with PFOA or PFOS if--
       (A) the level of contamination is above the Lifetime Health 
     Advisory for contamination with such compounds issued by the 
     Environmental Protection Agency and printed in the Federal 
     Register on May 25, 2016; or
       (B) on or after the date the Food and Drug Administration 
     sets a standard for PFOA and PFOS in raw agricultural 
     commodities and milk, the level of contamination is above 
     such standard.
       (b) Secretary Concerned Defined.--In this section, the term 
     ``Secretary concerned'' means the following:
       (1) The Secretary of the Army, with respect to the Army.
       (2) The Secretary of the Navy, with respect to the Navy, 
     the Marine Corps, and the Coast Guard (when it is operating 
     as a service in the Navy).
       (3) The Secretary of the Air Force, with respect to the Air 
     Force.
       (4) The Secretary of Defense, with respect to the Defense 
     Agencies.

     SEC. 1074. ACQUISITION OF REAL PROPERTY BY AIR FORCE.

       (a) Authority.--
       (1) In general.--The Secretary of the Air Force may acquire 
     one or more parcels of real property within the vicinity of 
     an Air Force base that has shown signs of contamination from 
     PFOA and PFOS due to activities on the base and which would 
     extend the contiguous geographic footprint of the base and 
     increase the force protection standoff near critical 
     infrastructure and runways.
       (2) Improvements and personal property.--The authority 
     under paragraph (1) to acquire real property described in 
     that paragraph shall include the authority to purchase 
     improvements and personal property located on that real 
     property.
       (3) Relocation expenses.--The authority under paragraph (1) 
     to acquire real property described in that paragraph shall 
     include the authority to provide Federal financial assistance 
     for moving costs, relocation benefits, and other expenses 
     incurred in accordance with the Uniform Relocation Assistance 
     and Real Property Acquisition Policies Act of 1970 (42 U.S.C. 
     4601 et seq.).
       (b) Environmental Activities.--The Air Force shall conduct 
     such activities at a parcel or parcels of real property 
     acquired under subsection (a) as are necessary to remediate 
     contamination from PFOA and PFOS related to activities at the 
     Air Force base.
       (c) Funding.--Funds for the land acquisitions authorized 
     under subsection (a) shall be derived from amounts authorized 
     to be appropriated for fiscal year 2020 for military 
     construction or the unobligated balances of appropriations 
     for military construction that are enacted after the date of 
     the enactment of this Act.
       (d) Rule of Construction.--The authority under this section 
     constitutes authority to carry out land acquisitions for 
     purposes of section 2802 of title 10, United States Code.

     SEC. 1075. REMEDIATION PLAN.

       (a) In General.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
     the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall 
     submit to Congress a remediation plan for cleanup of all 
     water at or adjacent to a military base that is contaminated 
     with PFOA or PFOS.
       (b) Study.--In preparing the remediation plan under 
     subsection (a), the Secretary shall conduct a study on the 
     contamination of water at military bases with PFOA or PFOS.
       (c) Budget Amount.--The Secretary shall ensure that each 
     budget of the President submitted to Congress under section 
     1105(a) of title 31, United States Code, requests funding in 
     amounts necessary to address remediation efforts under the 
     remediation plan submitted under subsection (a).

                       Subtitle H--Other Matters

     SEC. 1081. REVISION TO AUTHORITIES RELATING TO MAIL SERVICE 
                   FOR MEMBERS OF THE ARMED FORCES AND DEPARTMENT 
                   OF DEFENSE CIVILIANS OVERSEAS.

       (a) Eligibility for Free Mail.--Section 3401(a) of title 
     39, United States Code, is amended to read as follows:
       ``(a)(1) First-class letter mail having the character of 
     personal correspondence shall be carried, at no cost to the 
     sender, in the manner provided by this section, when mailed 
     by an eligible individual described in paragraph (2) and 
     addressed to a place within the delivery limits of a United 
     States post office, if--
       ``(A) such letter mail is mailed by the eligible individual 
     at an Armed Forces post office established in an overseas 
     area designated by the President, where the Armed Forces of 
     the United States are deployed for a contingency operation as 
     determined by the Secretary of Defense; or
       ``(B) the eligible individual is hospitalized as a result 
     of disease or injury incurred as a result of service in an 
     overseas area designated by the President under subparagraph 
     (A).
       ``(2) An eligible individual described in this paragraph 
     is--
       ``(A) a member of the Armed Forces of the United States on 
     active duty, as defined in section 101 of title 10; or
       ``(B) a civilian employee of the Department of Defense or a 
     military department who is providing support to military 
     operations.''.
       (b) Surface Shipment of Mail Authorized.--Section 3401 of 
     title 39, United States Code, is amended--
       (1) by striking subsection (c);
       (2) by redesignating subsections (d), (e), (f), and (g) as 
     subsections (c), (d), (e), and (f), respectively; and
       (3) by amending subsection (b) to read as follows:
       ``(b) There shall be transported by surface or air, 
     consistent with the service purchased by the mailer, between 
     Armed Forces post offices or from an Armed Forces post office 
     to a point of entry into the United States, the following 
     categories of mail matter which are mailed at any such Armed 
     Forces post office:
       ``(1) Letter mail communications having the character of 
     personal correspondence.
       ``(2) Any parcel exceeding 1 pound in weight but less than 
     70 pounds in weight and less than 130 inches in length and 
     girth combined.
       ``(3) Publications published not less frequently than once 
     per week and featuring principally current news of interest 
     to members of the Armed Forces of the United States and the 
     general public.''.
       (c) Technical and Conforming Amendments.--
       (1) Section 3401 of title 39, United States Code, is 
     amended in the section heading by striking ``and of friendly 
     foreign nations''.
       (2) The table of sections for chapter 34 of title 39, 
     United States Code, is amended by striking the item relating 
     to section 3401 and inserting the following:

``3401. Mailing privileges of members of Armed Forces of the United 
              States.''.

     SEC. 1082. ACCESS TO AND USE OF MILITARY POST OFFICES BY 
                   UNITED STATES CITIZENS EMPLOYED OVERSEAS BY THE 
                   NORTH ATLANTIC TREATY ORGANIZATION WHO PERFORM 
                   FUNCTIONS IN SUPPORT OF MILITARY OPERATIONS OF 
                   THE ARMED FORCES.

       Section 406 of title 39, United States Code, is amended by 
     adding at the end the following:
       ``(c)(1) The Secretary of Defense may authorize the use of 
     a post office established

[[Page S3917]]

     under subsection (a) in a location outside the United States 
     by citizens of the United States--
       ``(A) who--
       ``(i) are employed by the North Atlantic Treaty 
     Organization; and
       ``(ii) perform functions in support of the Armed Forces of 
     the United States; and
       ``(B) if the Secretary makes a written determination that 
     such use is--
       ``(i) in the best interests of the Department of Defense; 
     and
       ``(ii) otherwise authorized by applicable host nation law 
     or agreement.
       ``(2) No funds may be obligated or expended to establish, 
     maintain, or expand a post office established under 
     subsection (a) for the purpose of use described in paragraph 
     (1) of this subsection.''.

     SEC. 1083. GUARANTEE OF RESIDENCY FOR SPOUSES OF MEMBERS OF 
                   UNIFORMED SERVICES.

       (a) In General.--Title VI of the Servicemembers Civil 
     Relief Act (50 U.S.C. 4021 et seq.) is amended by adding at 
     the end the following new section:

     ``SEC. 707. GUARANTEE OF RESIDENCY FOR SPOUSES OF 
                   SERVICEMEMBERS.

       ``For the purposes of establishing the residency of a 
     spouse of a servicemember for any purpose, the spouse of a 
     servicemember may elect to use the same residence as the 
     servicemember regardless of the date on which the marriage of 
     the spouse and the servicemember occurred.''.
       (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of contents in section 
     1(b) of such Act is amended by inserting after the item 
     relating to section 706 the following new item:

``Sec. 707. Guarantee of residency for spouses of servicemembers.''.

     SEC. 1084. EXTENSION OF REQUIREMENT FOR BRIEFINGS ON THE 
                   NATIONAL BIODEFENSE STRATEGY.

       Section 1086(d) of the National Defense Authorization Act 
     for Fiscal year 2017 (Public Law 114-328; 130 Stat. 2423; 6 
     U.S.C. 104) is amended by striking ``March 1, 2019'' and 
     inserting ``March 1, 2025''.

     SEC. 1085. EXTENSION OF NATIONAL COMMISSION ON MILITARY 
                   AVIATION SAFETY.

       (a) Extension of Deadline for Report.--Section 1087(h)(2) 
     of the John S. McCain National Defense Authorization Act for 
     Fiscal Year 2019 (Public Law 115-232; 132 Stat. 1995) is 
     amended by striking ``March 1, 2020'' and inserting 
     ``December 31, 2020''.
       (b) Calendar Year 2020 Funding.--Of the amount authorized 
     to be appropriated for fiscal year 2020 for the Department of 
     Defense by this Act, $3,000,000 shall be available for the 
     National Commission on Aviation Safety under section 1087 of 
     the John S. McCain National Defense Authorization Act for 
     Fiscal Year 2019 in calendar year 2020.

                  TITLE XI--CIVILIAN PERSONNEL MATTERS

     SEC. 1101. MODIFICATION OF TEMPORARY ASSIGNMENTS OF 
                   DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE EMPLOYEES TO A PRIVATE-
                   SECTOR ORGANIZATION.

       Section 1599g(e)(2)(A) of title 10, United States Code, is 
     amended by inserting ``permanent'' after ``without the''.

     SEC. 1102. MODIFICATION OF NUMBER OF AVAILABLE APPOINTMENTS 
                   FOR CERTAIN AGENCIES UNDER PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT 
                   AUTHORITY TO ATTRACT EXPERTS IN SCIENCE AND 
                   ENGINEERING.

       Section 1599h(b)(1) of title 10, United States Code, is 
     amended--
       (1) in subparagraph (A), by striking ``40'' and inserting 
     ``10''; and
       (2) in subparagraph (B), by striking ``100'' and inserting 
     ``130''.

     SEC. 1103. ONE-YEAR EXTENSION OF TEMPORARY AUTHORITY TO GRANT 
                   ALLOWANCES, BENEFITS, AND GRATUITIES TO 
                   CIVILIAN PERSONNEL ON OFFICIAL DUTY IN A COMBAT 
                   ZONE.

       Paragraph (2) of section 1603(a) of the Emergency 
     Supplemental Appropriations Act for Defense, the Global War 
     on Terror, and Hurricane Recovery, 2006 (Public Law 109-234; 
     120 Stat. 443), as added by section 1102 of the Duncan Hunter 
     National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2009 
     (Public Law 110-417; 122 Stat. 4616) and most recently 
     amended by section 1115 of the John S. McCain National 
     Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2019 (Public Law 
     115-232), is further amended by striking ``2020'' and 
     inserting ``2021''.

     SEC. 1104. ONE-YEAR EXTENSION OF AUTHORITY TO WAIVE ANNUAL 
                   LIMITATION ON PREMIUM PAY AND AGGREGATE 
                   LIMITATION ON PAY FOR FEDERAL CIVILIAN 
                   EMPLOYEES WORKING OVERSEAS.

       Subsection (a) of section 1101 of the Duncan Hunter 
     National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2009 
     (Public Law 110-417; 122 Stat. 4615), as most recently 
     amended by section 1104(a) of the John S. McCain National 
     Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2019 (Public Law 
     115-232), is further amended by striking ``through 2019'' and 
     inserting ``through 2020''.

     SEC. 1105. REIMBURSEMENT OF FEDERAL EMPLOYEES FOR FEDERAL, 
                   STATE, AND LOCAL INCOME TAXES INCURRED DURING 
                   TRAVEL, TRANSPORTATION, AND RELOCATION.

       (a) In General.--5724b of title 5, United States Code, is 
     amended--
       (1) in the section heading by striking ``of employees 
     transferred'';
       (2) in subsection (a)--
       (A) in the first sentence, by striking ``employee, or by an 
     employee and such employee's spouse (if filing jointly), for 
     any moving or storage'' and inserting ``individual, or by an 
     individual and such individual's spouse (if filing jointly), 
     for any travel, transportation, or relocation''; and
       (B) in the second sentence, by striking ``employee'' and 
     inserting ``individual, or the individual''; and
       (3) by striking subsection (b) and inserting the following:
       ``(b) For purposes of this section, the term `travel, 
     transportation, or relocation expenses' means all travel, 
     transportation, or relocation expenses reimbursed or 
     furnished in kind pursuant to this subchapter or chapter 
     41.''.
       (b) Technical and Conforming Amendment.--The table of 
     sections for chapter 57 of title 5, United States Code, is 
     amended by striking the item relating to section 5724b and 
     inserting the following:

``5724b. Taxes on reimbursements for travel, transportation, and 
              relocation expenses.''.
       (c) Effective Date.--The amendments made by this section 
     shall--
       (1) take effect on the date of the enactment of this Act; 
     and
       (2) apply to travel, transportation, or relocation expenses 
     incurred on or after that date.

             TITLE XII--MATTERS RELATING TO FOREIGN NATIONS

                  Subtitle A--Assistance and Training

     SEC. 1201. EXTENSION OF SUPPORT OF SPECIAL OPERATIONS FOR 
                   IRREGULAR WARFARE.

       Section 1202(a) of the National Defense Authorization Act 
     for Fiscal Year 2018 (Public Law 115-91; 131 Stat. 1639) is 
     amended by striking ``fiscal years 2018 through 2020'' and 
     inserting ``fiscal years 2020 through 2025''.

     SEC. 1202. EXTENSION OF AUTHORITY FOR CROSS SERVICING 
                   AGREEMENTS FOR LOAN OF PERSONNEL PROTECTION AND 
                   PERSONNEL SURVIVABILITY EQUIPMENT IN COALITION 
                   OPERATIONS.

       Section 1207(e) of the Carl Levin and Howard P. ``Buck'' 
     McKeon National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 
     2015 (10 U.S.C. 2342 note) is amended by striking ``September 
     30, 2019'' and inserting ``September 30, 2024''.

     SEC. 1203. TWO-YEAR EXTENSION OF PROGRAM AUTHORITY FOR GLOBAL 
                   SECURITY CONTINGENCY FUND.

       Section 1207 of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
     Fiscal Year 2012 (22 U.S.C. 2151 note) is amended--
       (1) in subsection (i)(1), by striking ``September 30, 
     2019'' and inserting ``September 30, 2021''; and
       (2) in subsection (o)--
       (A) in the first sentence, by striking ``September 30, 
     2019'' and inserting ``September 30, 2021''; and
       (B) in the second sentence, by striking ``through 2019'' 
     and inserting ``through 2021''.

     SEC. 1204. MODIFICATION OF REPORTING REQUIREMENT FOR USE OF 
                   FUNDS FOR SECURITY COOPERATION PROGRAMS AND 
                   ACTIVITIES.

       Section 381(b) of title 10, United States Code, is amended 
     by striking ``30 days'' and inserting ``60 days''.

     SEC. 1205. INSTITUTIONAL LEGAL CAPACITY BUILDING INITIATIVE 
                   FOR FOREIGN DEFENSE FORCES.

       (a) Authorization.--The Secretary of Defense may carry out, 
     consistent with section 332 of title 10, United States Code, 
     an initiative of institutional legal capacity building in 
     collaboration with the appropriate institutions of one or 
     more foreign countries to enhance the capacity of the 
     applicable foreign country to organize, administer, manage, 
     maintain, sustain, or oversee the military legal institutions 
     of such country.
       (b) Purpose.--The purpose of the initiative under 
     subsection (a) is to enhance, as appropriate, the 
     institutional legal capacity of the applicable foreign 
     country to do the following:
       (1) Integrate legal matters into the authority, doctrine, 
     and policies of the defense ministry of such country.
       (2) Provide appropriate legal support to commanders 
     conducting military operations.
       (3) With respect to military law, institutionalize 
     education, training, and professional development for 
     military personnel, including military lawyers, officers, and 
     civilian leadership within such defense ministry.
       (4) Establish a military justice system that is objective, 
     transparent, and impartial.
       (5) Build the legal capacity of military forces to provide 
     equitable, transparent, and accountable institutions and 
     provide for anti-corruption measures within such defense 
     ministry.
       (6) Build capacity--
       (A) to provide for the protection of civilians consistent 
     with the law of armed conflict; and
       (B) to investigate incidents of civilian casualties.
       (7) Promote understanding and observance of--
       (A) the law of armed conflict;
       (B) human rights and fundamental freedoms;
       (C) the rule of law; and
       (D) civilian control of the military.
       (c) Elements.--The initiative under subsection (a) shall 
     include the following elements:
       (1) An assessment of the organizational weaknesses for 
     institutional legal capacity

[[Page S3918]]

     building of the applicable foreign country, including 
     baseline information, an assessment of gaps in the capability 
     and capacity of the appropriate institutions of such country, 
     and any other indicator of efficacy for purposes of 
     monitoring and evaluation, as determined by the Secretary.
       (2) A multi-year engagement plan for building institutional 
     capacity that addresses the weaknesses identified under 
     paragraph (1), including objectives, milestones, and a 
     timeline.
       (3) The assignment of advisors, as appropriate, to the 
     ministry of defense or other institutions of such country to 
     assist in building core legal institutional capacity, 
     competencies, and capabilities.
       (4) A measure for monitoring the implementation of the 
     initiative and evaluating the efficiency and effectiveness of 
     the initiative, consistent with section 383 of title 10, 
     United States Code.
       (d) Reports.--
       (1) In general.--Not later than 30 days after the end of 
     each fiscal year beginning in fiscal year 2020 through the 
     fiscal year in which the initiative under subsection (a) 
     terminates, the Secretary shall submit to the Committee on 
     Armed Services of the Senate and the Committee on Armed 
     Services of the House of Representatives a report on the 
     progress of the legal capacity building activities under this 
     section.
       (2) Matters to be included.--Each report under paragraph 
     (1) shall include, for the preceding fiscal year, the 
     following:
       (A) The names of the one or more countries in which the 
     initiative was conducted.
       (B) For each such country--
       (i) the purpose of the initiative;
       (ii) the objectives, milestones, and timeline of the 
     initiative;
       (iii) the number and type of advisors assigned and deployed 
     to the country, as applicable;
       (iv) an assessment of the progress of the implementation of 
     the initiative; and
       (v) an evaluation of the efficiency and effectiveness of 
     the initiative.
       (e) Sunset.--The initiative under subsection (a) shall 
     terminate on the date that is five years after the date of 
     the enactment of this Act.

     SEC. 1206. DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE SUPPORT FOR STABILIZATION 
                   ACTIVITIES IN NATIONAL SECURITY INTEREST OF THE 
                   UNITED STATES.

       (a) In General.--The Secretary of Defense may, with the 
     concurrence of the Secretary of State and in consultation 
     with the Administrator of the United States Agency for 
     International Development, provide support for the 
     stabilization activities of other Federal agencies specified 
     under subsection (c).
       (b) Designation of Foreign Areas.--
       (1) In general.--Amounts authorized to be provided pursuant 
     to this section shall be available only for support for 
     stabilization activities--
       (A) in a country specified in paragraph (2); and
       (B) that the Secretary of Defense, with the concurrence of 
     the Secretary of State, has determined are in the national 
     security interest of the United States.
       (2) Specified countries.--The countries specified in this 
     paragraph are as follows:
       (A) Iraq.
       (B) Syria.
       (C) Afghanistan.
       (D) Somalia.
       (E) Yemen.
       (F) Libya.
       (c) Support to Other Agencies.--
       (1) In general.--Support may be provided for stabilization 
     activities under subsection (a) to the Department of State, 
     the United States Agency for International Development, or 
     other Federal agencies, on a reimbursable or nonreimbursable 
     basis.
       (2) Type of support.--Support under subsection (a) may 
     consist of--
       (A) logistic support, supplies, and services; and
       (B) equipment.
       (d) Requirement for a Stabilization Strategy.--
       (1) Limitation.--With respect to any country specified in 
     subsection (b)(2), no amount of support may be provided under 
     subsection (a) until 15 days after the date on which the 
     Secretary of Defense, with the concurrence of the Secretary 
     of State, submits to the appropriate committees of Congress a 
     detailed report setting forth a stabilization strategy for 
     such country.
       (2) Elements of strategy.--The stabilization strategy 
     required by paragraph (1) shall set forth the following:
       (A) The United States interests in conducting stabilization 
     activities in the country specified in subsection (b)(2).
       (B) The key foreign partners and actors in such country.
       (C) The desired end states and objectives of the United 
     States stabilization activities in such country.
       (D) The Department of Defense support intended to be 
     provided for the stabilization activities of other Federal 
     agencies under subsection (a).
       (E) Any mechanism for civil-military coordination regarding 
     support for stabilization activities.
       (F) The mechanisms for monitoring and evaluating the 
     effectiveness of Department of Defense support for United 
     States stabilization activities in the area.
       (e) Implementation in Accordance With Guidance.--Support 
     provided under subsection (a) shall be implemented in 
     accordance with the guidance of the Department of Defense 
     entitled ``DoD Directive 3000.05 Stabilization'', dated 
     December 13, 2018 (or successor guidance).
       (f) Report.--The Secretary of Defense, with the concurrence 
     of the Secretary of State, shall submit to the appropriate 
     committees of Congress on an annual basis a report that 
     includes the following:
       (1) The identification of each foreign area within 
     countries specified in subsection (b)(2) for which support to 
     stabilization has occurred.
       (2) The total amount spent by the Department of Defense, 
     broken out by recipient Federal agency and activity.
       (3) An assessment of the contribution of each activity 
     toward greater stability.
       (4) An articulation of any plans for continued Department 
     of Defense support to stabilization in the specified foreign 
     area in order to maintain or improve stability.
       (5) Other matters as the Secretary of Defense considers to 
     be appropriate.
       (g) Use of Funds.--
       (1) Source of funds.--Amounts for activities carried out 
     under this section in a fiscal year shall be derived only 
     from amounts authorized to be appropriated for such fiscal 
     year for the Department of Defense for Operation and 
     Maintenance, Defense-wide.
       (2) Limitation.--Not more than $25,000,000 in each fiscal 
     year is authorized to be used to provide nonreimbursable 
     support under this section.
       (h) Expiration.--The authority provided under this section 
     may not be exercised after December 31, 2020.
       (i) Definitions.--In this section:
       (1) Appropriate committees of congress.--The term 
     ``appropriate committees of Congress'' means--
       (A) the Committee on Armed Services and the Committee on 
     Foreign Relations of the Senate; and
       (B) the Committee on Armed Services and the Committee on 
     Foreign Affairs of the House of Representatives.
       (2) Logistic support, supplies, and services.--The term 
     ``logistic support, supplies, and services'' has the meaning 
     given the term in section 2350(1) of title 10 United States 
     Code.

        Subtitle B--Matters Relating to Afghanistan and Pakistan

     SEC. 1211. EXTENSION OF AUTHORITY TO TRANSFER DEFENSE 
                   ARTICLES AND PROVIDE DEFENSE SERVICES TO THE 
                   MILITARY AND SECURITY FORCES OF AFGHANISTAN.

       (a) Extension.--Subsection (h) of section 1222 of the 
     National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2013 
     (Public Law 112-239; 126 Stat. 1992), as most recently 
     amended by section 1221 of the John S. McCain National 
     Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2019 (Public Law 
     115-232), is further amended by striking ``December 31, 
     2020'' and inserting ``December 31, 2021''.
       (b) Excess Defense Articles.--Subsection (i)(2) of such 
     section 1222, as so amended, is further amended by striking 
     ``December 31, 2020'' each place it appears and inserting 
     ``December 31, 2021''.

     SEC. 1212. AFGHANISTAN SECURITY FORCES FUND.

       (a) Authorization of Appropriations.--There is authorized 
     to be appropriated for fiscal year 2020 for the Afghanistan 
     Security Forces Fund, as established by section 1513 of the 
     National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2008 
     (Public Law 110-181; 122 Stat. 428), as most recently amended 
     by section 1223(b) of the John S. McCain National Defense 
     Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2019 (Public Law 115-232), 
     $4,803,978,000.
       (b) Continuation of Prior Authorities and Notice and 
     Reporting Requirements.--Funds available to the Department of 
     Defense for the Afghanistan Security Forces Fund for fiscal 
     year 2020 shall be subject to the conditions contained in 
     subsections (b) through (f) of such section 1513.
       (c) Use of Funds.--
       (1) Type of assistance.--Subsection (b)(2) of such section 
     1513 is amended by inserting ``(including program and 
     security assistance management support)'' after ``services''.
       (d) Equipment Disposition.--
       (1) Acceptance of certain equipment.--Subject to paragraph 
     (2), the Secretary of Defense may accept equipment that is 
     procured using amounts authorized to be appropriated for the 
     Afghanistan Security Forces Fund by this Act and is intended 
     for transfer to the security forces of Afghanistan, but is 
     not accepted by such security forces.
       (2) Conditions on acceptance of equipment.--Before 
     accepting any equipment under paragraph (1), the Commander of 
     United States forces in Afghanistan shall make a 
     determination that the equipment was procured for the purpose 
     of meeting requirements of the security forces of 
     Afghanistan, as agreed to by both the Government of 
     Afghanistan and the United States, but is no longer required 
     by such security forces or was damaged before transfer to 
     such security forces.
       (3) Elements of determination.--In making a determination 
     under paragraph (2), the Commander of United States forces in 
     Afghanistan shall consider alternatives to acceptance of the 
     equipment by the Secretary. An explanation of each 
     determination, including the basis for the determination and 
     the alternatives considered, shall be included in the 
     relevant quarterly report under paragraph (5).
       (4) Treatment as department of defense stocks.--Equipment 
     accepted under paragraph (1) may be treated as stocks of the 
     Department of Defense upon notification to the

[[Page S3919]]

     congressional defense committees of such treatment.
       (5) Quarterly reports on equipment disposition.--
       (A) In general.--Not later than 90 days after the date of 
     the enactment of this Act, and every 90-day period thereafter 
     during which the authority provided by paragraph (1) is 
     exercised, the Secretary shall submit to the congressional 
     defense committees a report describing the equipment accepted 
     during the period covered by such report under the following:
       (i) This subsection.
       (ii) Section 1531(d) of the National Defense Authorization 
     Act for Fiscal Year 2014 (Public Law 113-66; 127 Stat. 938; 
     10 U.S.C. 2302 note).
       (iii) Section 1532(b) of the Carl Levin and Howard P. 
     ``Buck'' McKeon National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
     Year 2015 (Public Law 113-291; 128 Stat. 3612).
       (B) Elements.--Each report under subparagraph (A) shall 
     include a list of all equipment accepted during the period 
     covered by the report and treated as stocks of the Department 
     of Defense and copies of the determinations made under 
     paragraph (2), as required by paragraph (3).
       (e) Security of Afghan Women.--
       (1) In general.--Of the funds available to the Department 
     of Defense for the Afghanistan Security Forces Fund for 
     fiscal year 2020, it is the goal that $25,000,000, but in no 
     event less than $10,000,000, shall be used for--
       (A) the recruitment, integration, retention, training, and 
     treatment of women in the Afghan National Defense and 
     Security Forces; and
       (B) the recruitment, training, and contracting of female 
     security personnel for future elections.
       (2) Types of programs and activities.--Such programs and 
     activities may include--
       (A) efforts to recruit women into the Afghan National 
     Defense and Security Forces, including the special operations 
     forces;
       (B) programs and activities of the Afghan Ministry of 
     Defense Directorate of Human Rights and Gender Integration 
     and the Afghan Ministry of Interior Office of Human Rights, 
     Gender, and Child Rights;
       (C) development and dissemination of gender and human 
     rights educational and training materials and programs within 
     the Afghan Ministry of Defense and the Afghan Ministry of 
     Interior;
       (D) efforts to address harassment and violence against 
     women within the Afghan National Defense and Security Forces;
       (E) improvements to infrastructure that address the 
     requirements of women serving in the Afghan National Defense 
     and Security Forces, including appropriate equipment for 
     female security and police forces, and transportation for 
     policewomen to their station;
       (F) support for Afghan National Police Family Response 
     Units; and
       (G) security provisions for high-profile female police and 
     army officers.
       (f) Assessment of Efforts to Build Capacity in the Afghan 
     National Defense and Security Forces.--
       (1) Assessment required.--Not later than 90 days after the 
     date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense, 
     in coordination with the Secretary of State, shall submit to 
     the Committee on Armed Services of the Senate and the 
     Committee on Armed Services of the House of Representatives 
     an assessment that describes the following:
       (A) The integrated capacity development strategies for--
       (i) the Ministry of Defense and the Ministry of Interior of 
     Afghanistan; and
       (ii) the North Atlantic Treaty Organization-led Train 
     Advise Assist Commands and Task Forces at the national and 
     regional levels in Afghanistan.
       (B) An articulation of the key capabilities to be developed 
     and improved with respect to the Ministry of Defense, the 
     Ministry of Interior, and the North Atlantic Treaty 
     Organization-led Train Advise Assist Commands and Task 
     Forces, and the overall plan (including timeframes, budgets, 
     and specific initiatives) to achieve the intended outcomes.
       (C) The specific roles of Department of Defense-funded 
     advisors in building the capacity of the Ministry of Defense 
     and the Ministry of Interior of Afghanistan and the Afghan 
     National Defense and Security Forces at the national and 
     regional levels, and the manner in which such roles align 
     with the development strategy referred to in subparagraph 
     (A).
       (D) The metrics used to assess progress on the recruitment, 
     integration, retention, training, and treatment of women in 
     the Afghan National Defense and Security Forces, and a 
     progress report on such recruitment, integration, retention, 
     training, and treatment.
       (E) An explanation of the assessment, monitoring, and 
     evaluation mechanisms in place to assess the relevance, 
     effectiveness, and sustainability of each specific initiative 
     and progress made toward the intended outcomes identified 
     under subparagraph (B).
       (F) Any other matter the Secretary considers appropriate.

     SEC. 1213. EXTENSION OF COMMANDERS' EMERGENCY RESPONSE 
                   PROGRAM.

       Section 1201 of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
     Fiscal Year 2012 (Public Law 112-81; 125 Stat. 1619), as most 
     recently amended by the John S. McCain National Defense 
     Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2019 (Public Law 115-232), 
     is further amended--
       (1) in subsection (a), by striking ``December 31, 2019'' 
     and inserting ``December 31, 2020'';
       (2) in subsection (b), by striking ``of fiscal years 2017 
     through 2019'' and inserting ``for each of fiscal years 2017 
     through 2020''; and
       (3) in subsection (f), in the first sentence, by striking 
     ``December 31, 2019'' and inserting ``December 31, 2020''.

     SEC. 1214. EXTENSION AND MODIFICATION OF REIMBURSEMENT OF 
                   CERTAIN COALITION NATIONS FOR SUPPORT PROVIDED 
                   TO UNITED STATES MILITARY OPERATIONS.

       Section 1233(a) of the National Defense Authorization Act 
     for Fiscal Year 2008 (Public Law 110-181; 122 Stat. 393), as 
     most recently amended by section 1225 of the John S. McCain 
     National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2019 
     (Public Law 115-232), is further amended to read as follows:
       ``(a) Authority.--From funds made available for the 
     Department of Defense for the period beginning on October 1, 
     2019, and ending on December 31, 2020, for overseas 
     contingency operations for operation and maintenance, 
     Defense-wide activities, the Secretary of Defense may 
     reimburse any key cooperating nation (other than Pakistan) 
     for--
       ``(1) logistical and military support provided by that 
     nation to or in connection with United States military 
     operations in Afghanistan, Iraq, or Syria; and
       ``(2) logistical, military, and other support, including 
     access, provided by that nation to or in connection with 
     United States military operations described in paragraph 
     (1).''.

     SEC. 1215. SUPPORT FOR RECONCILIATION ACTIVITIES LED BY THE 
                   GOVERNMENT OF AFGHANISTAN.

       (a) In General.--The Secretary of Defense may, with the 
     concurrence of the Secretary of State, provide covered 
     support for reconciliation activities to one or more 
     designated persons or entities or Federal agencies.
       (b) Designation.--Not later than 15 days before the 
     Secretary of Defense designates an individual or organization 
     as a designated person or entity, the Secretary shall notify 
     the congressional defense committees of the intent of the 
     Secretary to make such designation.
       (c) Reimbursement.--
       (1) Designated persons or entities.--The Secretary of 
     Defense may provide covered support to a designated person or 
     entity on a reimbursable or nonreimbursable basis.
       (2) Federal agencies.--The Secretary of Defense may provide 
     covered support to a Federal agency on a reimbursable or 
     nonreimbursable basis.
       (d) Location of Covered Support.--
       (1) In general.--Except as provided in paragraph (2), the 
     Secretary of Defense may only provide covered support within 
     Afghanistan.
       (2) Exception.--Notwithstanding paragraph (1), the 
     Secretary of Defense may provide covered support in Pakistan 
     if the Secretary determines, and certifies to the 
     congressional defense committees, that providing covered 
     support in Pakistan is in the national security interest of 
     the United States.
       (e) Notification.--Not later than 15 days before the date 
     on which the Secretary of Defense provides covered support to 
     a nongovernmental designated person or entity or provides 
     covered support in Pakistan, the Secretary shall submit to 
     the congressional defense committees written notice that 
     includes the intended recipient of such covered support and 
     the specific covered support to be provided.
       (f) Funding.--
       (1) Source of funds.--Amounts for covered support may only 
     be derived from amounts authorized to be appropriated for the 
     Department of Defense for operation and maintenance.
       (2) Limitation.--Not more than $15,000,000 may be used for 
     nonreimbursable covered support.
       (g) Rule of Construction.--Covered support shall not be 
     construed to violate section 2339, 2339A, or 2339B of title 
     18, United States Code.
       (h) Reports.--
       (1) In general.--Not later than 90 days after the date of 
     the enactment of this Act, and quarterly thereafter, the 
     Secretary of Defense shall, in coordination with the 
     Secretary of State, submit to the congressional defense 
     committees a report on covered support during the preceding 
     90-day period.
       (2) Elements.--Each report under this subsection shall 
     include, for the preceding reporting period, the following:
       (A) A summary of the ongoing reconciliation activities for 
     which covered support was provided.
       (B) A description of the covered support, by class or type, 
     and the designated person or entity or Federal agency that 
     received each class or type of covered support.
       (C) The total dollar amount of each class or type of 
     covered support, including budget details.
       (D) The intended duration of each provision of covered 
     support.
       (E) Any other matter the Secretary of Defense considers 
     appropriate.
       (i) Sunset.--The authority to carry out this section shall 
     terminate on December 31, 2020.
       (j) Definitions.--In this section:
       (1) Covered support.--The term ``covered support'' means 
     logistic support, supplies, and services (as defined in 
     section 2350 of title 10, United States Code) and security 
     provided under this section.

[[Page S3920]]

       (2) Designated person or entity.--
       (A) In general.--The term ``designated person or entity'' 
     means an individual or organization designated by the 
     Secretary of Defense as necessary to facilitate a 
     reconciliation activity.
       (B) Exclusion.--The term ``designated person or entity'' 
     does not include a Federal agency.
       (3) Reconciliation activity.--The term ``reconciliation 
     activity'' means any activity intended to support, 
     facilitate, or enable a political settlement between the 
     Government of Afghanistan and the Taliban for the purpose of 
     ending the war in Afghanistan.
       (4) Security.--The term ``security'' means any measure 
     determined by the Secretary of Defense to be necessary to 
     protect reconciliation activities from hostile acts.

     SEC. 1216. SENSE OF SENATE ON SPECIAL IMMIGRANT VISA PROGRAM 
                   FOR AFGHAN ALLIES.

       It is the sense of the Senate that--
       (1) the special immigrant visa program for Afghan allies is 
     critical to the mission in Afghanistan and the long-term 
     interests of the United States;
       (2) maintaining a robust special immigrant visa program for 
     Afghan allies is necessary to support United States 
     Government personnel in Afghanistan who need translation, 
     interpretation, security, and other services;
       (3) Afghan allies routinely risk their lives to assist 
     United States military and diplomatic personnel;
       (4) honoring the commitments made to Afghan allies with 
     respect to such special immigrant visa program is essential 
     to ensuring the continued service and safety of such allies; 
     and
       (5) an additional 4,000 visas should be made available to 
     principal aliens who are eligible for special immigrant 
     status under the Afghan Allies Protection Act of 2009 (8 
     U.S.C. 1101 note) to prevent harm to the operations of the 
     United States Government in Afghanistan.

         Subtitle C--Matters Relating to Syria, Iraq, and Iran

     SEC. 1221. MODIFICATION OF AUTHORITY TO PROVIDE ASSISTANCE TO 
                   VETTED SYRIAN GROUPS.

       (a) Nature of Assistance.--Subsection (a) of section 1209 
     of the Carl Levin and Howard P. ``Buck'' McKeon National 
     Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2015 (Public Law 
     113-291; 128 Stat. 3541), as most recently amended by section 
     1231(a) of the John S. McCain National Defense Authorization 
     Act for Fiscal Year 2019 (Public Law 115-232), is further 
     amended--
       (1) in the matter preceding paragraph (1), by striking 
     ``with a cost'' and all that follows through ``December 31, 
     2019'' and inserting ``, and sustainment to appropriately 
     vetted Syrian groups and individuals, through December 31, 
     2020'';
       (2) in paragraph (1), by striking ``Islamic State of Iraq 
     and the Levant'' and all that follows through the period at 
     the end and inserting the following: ``Islamic State of Iraq 
     and Syria (ISIS).''; and
       (3) by striking paragraphs (2) and (3) and inserting the 
     following new paragraphs:
       ``(2) Securing territory formerly controlled by the Islamic 
     State of Iraq and Syria.
       ``(3) Protecting the United States and its friends and 
     allies from the threats posed by the Islamic State of Iraq 
     and Syria, al Qaeda, and associated forces in Syria.
       ``(4) Supporting the temporary detention and repatriation 
     of Islamic State of Iraq and Syria foreign terrorist fighters 
     in accordance with the laws of armed conflict and the United 
     Nations Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees, done 
     at Geneva July 28, 1951 (as made applicable by the Protocol 
     Relating to the Status of Refugees, done at New York January 
     31, 1967 (19 UST 6223)).''.
       (b) Scope of Quarterly Progress Reports.--Subsection (d) of 
     such section, as most recently amended by section 1223(b) of 
     the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2018 
     (Public Law 115-91; 131 Stat. 1653), is further amended to 
     read as follows:
       ``(d) Quarterly Progress Reports.--
       ``(1) In general.--Beginning on January 15, 2020, and every 
     90 days thereafter, the Secretary of Defense, in coordination 
     with the Secretary of State, shall submit to the appropriate 
     congressional committees and leadership of the House of 
     Representatives and the Senate a progress report.
       ``(2) Matters to be included.--Each progress report under 
     paragraph (1) shall include, based on the most recent 
     quarterly information, the following:
       ``(A) A description of the appropriately vetted recipients 
     receiving assistance under subsection (a).
       ``(B) A description of training, equipment, supplies, 
     stipends, and other support provided to appropriately vetted 
     recipients under subsection (a) and a statement of the amount 
     of funds expended for such purposes during the period covered 
     by the report.
       ``(C) Any misuse or loss of provided training and equipment 
     and how such misuse or loss is being mitigated.
       ``(D) An assessment of the recruitment, throughput, and 
     retention rates of appropriately vetted recipients.
       ``(E) An assessment of the operational effectiveness of 
     appropriately vetted recipients in meeting the purposes 
     specified in subsection (a).
       ``(F) A description of United States Government 
     stabilization objectives and activities carried out in areas 
     formerly controlled by the Islamic State of Iraq and Syria, 
     including significant projects and funding associated with 
     such projects.
       ``(G) A description of coalition contributions to the 
     purposes specified in subsection (a) and other related 
     stabilization activities.
       ``(H) With respect to Islamic State of Iraq and Syria 
     foreign terrorist fighters--
       ``(i) an estimate of the number of such individuals being 
     detained by appropriately vetted Syrian groups and 
     individuals;
       ``(ii) an estimate of the number of such individuals that 
     have been repatriated and the countries to which such 
     individuals have been repatriated; and
       ``(iii) a description of United States Government support 
     provided to facilitate the repatriation of such individuals.
       ``(I) An assessment of the extent to which appropriately 
     vetted Syrian groups and individuals have enabled progress 
     toward establishing inclusive, representative, accountable, 
     and civilian-led governance and security structures in 
     territories liberated from the Islamic State of Iraq and 
     Syria.''.
       (c) Elimination of Reprogramming Requirement.--Such section 
     is further amended by striking subsection (f).
       (d) Inclusion of Support for Stabilization Activities.--
     Such section is further amended by inserting after subsection 
     (e) the following new subsection (f):
       ``(f) Support for Stabilization Activities.--
       ``(1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense may, with the 
     concurrence of the Secretary of State and in consultation 
     with the Administrator of the United States Agency for 
     International Development, provide support for the 
     stabilization activities of the Department of State, the 
     United States Agency for International Development, and any 
     other Federal agency on a reimburseable or nonreimburseable 
     basis.
       ``(2) Types of support.--The support provided under 
     paragraph (1) may consist of--
       ``(A) logistic support, supplies, and services; or
       ``(B) equipment.''.
       (e) Per Project and Aggregate Cost Limitations for 
     Construction and Repair Projects.--Subsection (l) of such 
     section, as added by section 1223(d) of the National Defense 
     Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2018 (Public Law 115-91; 
     131 Stat. 1653), is amended to read as follows:
       ``(l) Limitation on Cost of Construction and Repair 
     Projects.--
       ``(1) In general.--The cost of construction and repair 
     projects carried out under this section may not exceed, in 
     any fiscal year--
       ``(A) $4,000,000 per project; or
       ``(B) $12,000,000 in the aggregate.
       ``(2) Foreign contributions.--The limitation under 
     paragraph (1) shall not apply to the expenditure of foreign 
     contributions in excess of the per-project or aggregate 
     limitation set forth in that paragraph.''.
       (f) Inclusion of Limitation Pending Report.--Such section 
     is further amended by adding at the end the following new 
     subsection:
       ``(n) Limitation Pending Report.--None of the funds 
     authorized to be appropriated for fiscal year 2020 for the 
     Department of Defense may be obligated or expended for 
     activities under this section until 30 days after the date on 
     which the Secretary of Defense submits an unclassified 
     report, with a classified annex if necessary, to the 
     congressional defense committees setting forth the following:
       ``(1) A description of the efforts the United States will 
     undertake to train and equip appropriately vetted Syrian 
     groups and individuals for the purposes described in 
     subsection (a).
       ``(2) A detailed description of the appropriately vetted 
     Syrian groups and individuals to be trained and equipped 
     under this section, including a description of their 
     geographical locations, demographic profiles, political 
     affiliations, and current capabilities.
       ``(3) A detailed description of planned capabilities, 
     including categories of training, equipment, financial 
     support, sustainment, and supplies, intended to be provided 
     to appropriately vetted Syrian groups and individuals under 
     this section, and timelines for delivery.
       ``(4) A description of the planned posture of United States 
     forces and the planned level of engagement by such forces 
     with appropriately vetted Syrian groups and individuals, 
     including the oversight of equipment provided under this 
     section and the activities conducted by such appropriately 
     vetted Syrian groups and individuals.
       ``(5) An explanation of the processes and mechanisms for 
     local commanders of such forces to exercise command and 
     control of the elements of the appropriately vetted Syrian 
     groups and individuals after such elements have been trained 
     and equipped under this section.
       ``(6) A detailed explanation of the relationship between 
     appropriately vetted recipients and civilian governance 
     authorities and a description of efforts to ensure 
     appropriately vetted recipients are subject to the control of 
     competent civilian authorities.''.

     SEC. 1222. EXTENSION OF AUTHORITY AND LIMITATION ON USE OF 
                   FUNDS TO PROVIDE ASSISTANCE TO COUNTER THE 
                   ISLAMIC STATE OF IRAQ AND SYRIA.

       (a) Extension.--Subsection (a) of section 1236 of the Carl 
     Levin and Howard P. ``Buck'' McKeon National Defense 
     Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2015 (Public Law 113-291; 
     128 Stat. 3559), as most recently amended by section 1233(a) 
     of the John S. McCain National Defense Authorization Act for 
     Fiscal Year 2019 (Public Law 115-232), is further amended

[[Page S3921]]

     by striking ``December 31, 2020'' and inserting ``December 
     31, 2021''.
       (b) Funding.--Subsection (g) of such section, as most 
     recently amended by section 1233(b) of the John S. McCain 
     National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2019, is 
     further amended--
       (1) by striking ``fiscal year 2019'' and inserting ``fiscal 
     year 2020''; and
       (2) by striking ``$850,000,000'' and inserting 
     ``$645,000,000''.
       (c) Limitation on Use of Funds.--Of the amounts authorized 
     to be appropriated for fiscal year 2020 by this Act for 
     activities under such section 1236, as amended by subsection 
     (a), not more than $375,000,000 may be obligated or expended 
     for such activities until the date on which the Secretary of 
     Defense submits to the congressional defense committees a 
     report setting forth the following:
       (1) An identification of the specific units of the Iraqi 
     Security Forces to receive training and equipment or other 
     support in fiscal year 2020.
       (2) A plan for ensuring that any vehicles or equipment 
     provided to the Iraqi Security Forces pursuant to such 
     authority are maintained in subsequent fiscal years using 
     funds of Iraq.
       (3) An estimate, by fiscal year, of the funding anticipated 
     to be required for support of the Iraqi Security Forces 
     during the five fiscal years beginning in fiscal year 2020.
       (4) A plan for normalizing assistance to the Iraqi Security 
     Forces under chapter 16 of title 10, United States Code, 
     beginning in fiscal year 2020.
       (5) A detailed plan for the obligation and expenditure of 
     the funds requested for fiscal year 2020 for the Department 
     of Defense for stipends.
       (6) A plan for the transition to the Government of Iraq the 
     responsibility for funding for stipends for any fiscal year 
     after fiscal year 2020.

     SEC. 1223. EXTENSION AND MODIFICATION OF AUTHORITY TO SUPPORT 
                   OPERATIONS AND ACTIVITIES OF THE OFFICE OF 
                   SECURITY COOPERATION IN IRAQ.

       (a) Authority.--Section 1215 of the National Defense 
     Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2012 (10 U.S.C. 113 note) 
     is amended--
       (1) by amending subsection (a) to read as follows:
       ``(a) Authority.--The Secretary of Defense may support 
     United States Government security cooperation activities in 
     Iraq by providing funds for operations and activities of the 
     Office of Security Cooperation in Iraq.'';
       (2) by striking subsection (f);
       (3) in subsection (g)(2), by striking subparagraph (F); and
       (4) by redesignating subsection (g) as subsection (f).
       (b) Types of Support.--Subsection (b) of such section is 
     amended by striking ``life support, transportation and 
     personal security, and construction and renovation of 
     facilities'' and inserting ``life support, transportation, 
     and personal security''.
       (c) Amount Available.--Such section is further amended--
       (1) in subsection (c)--
       (A) by striking ``fiscal year 2019'' and inserting ``fiscal 
     year 2020''; and
       (B) by striking ``$45,300,000'' and inserting 
     ``$30,000,000''; and
       (2) in subsection (d), by striking ``fiscal year 2019'' and 
     inserting ``fiscal year 2020''.
       (d) Coverage of Costs of the Office of Security Cooperation 
     in Iraq.--Subsection (e) of such section is amended by 
     striking ``activities of security assistance teams in Iraq in 
     connection with such sale'' and inserting ``activities of the 
     Office of Security Cooperation in Iraq in excess of the 
     amount set forth in subsection (c)''.

     SEC. 1224. COORDINATOR OF UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT ACTIVITIES 
                   AND MATTERS IN CONNECTION WITH DETAINEES WHO 
                   ARE MEMBERS OF THE ISLAMIC STATE OF IRAQ AND 
                   SYRIA.

       (a) In General.--Not later than 90 days after the date of 
     the enactment of this Act, the President shall, in 
     consultation with the Secretary of Defense, the Secretary of 
     State, the Director of National Intelligence, and the 
     Attorney General, designate an existing official within the 
     Executive Branch to serve as senior-level coordinator to 
     coordinate, in conjunction with the lead and other relevant 
     agencies, all matters for the United States Government 
     relating to the long-term disposition of members of the 
     Islamic State of Iraq and Syria (ISIS) and associated forces 
     (in this section referred to as ``ISIS detainees''), 
     including all matters in connection with--
       (1) repatriation, transfer, prosecution, and intelligence-
     gathering; and
       (2) all multilateral and international engagements led by 
     the Department of State and other agencies that are related 
     to the current and future handling, detention, and 
     prosecution of ISIS detainees.
       (b) Retention of Authority.--The appointment of a senior-
     level coordinator pursuant to subsection (a) shall not 
     deprive any agency of any authority to independently perform 
     functions of that agency.
       (c) Annual Report.--
       (1) In general.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
     the enactment of this Act, and not less frequently than once 
     each year thereafter through December 31, 2024, the 
     individual designated under subsection (a) shall submit to 
     the appropriate committees of Congress a detailed report 
     regarding the following ISIS detainees:
       (A) Alexanda Kotey.
       (B) El Shafee Elsheikh.
       (C) Aine Lesley Davis.
       (D) Umm Sayyaf.
       (E) Any other high-value ISIS detainee that the coordinator 
     reasonably determines to be subject to criminal prosecution 
     in the United States.
       (2) Elements.--The report under paragraph (1) shall 
     include, at a minimum, the following:
       (A) A detailed description of the facilities where ISIS 
     detainees described in paragraph (1) are being held.
       (B) An analysis of all United States efforts to prosecute 
     ISIS detainees described in paragraph (1) and the outcomes of 
     such efforts. Any information, the disclosure of which may 
     violate Department of Justice policy or law, relating to a 
     prosecution or investigation may be withheld from a report 
     under paragraph (1).
       (C) A detailed description of any option to expedite 
     prosecution of any ISIS detainee described in paragraph (1), 
     including in a court of competent jurisdiction outside of the 
     United States.
       (D) An analysis of factors on the ground in Syria and Iraq 
     that may result in the unintended release of ISIS detainees 
     described in paragraph (1), and an assessment of any measures 
     available to mitigate such releases.
       (E) A detailed description of all multilateral and other 
     international efforts or proposals that would assist in the 
     prosecution of ISIS detainees described in paragraph (1).
       (F) An analysis of all efforts between the United States 
     and partner countries within the Global Coalition to Defeat 
     ISIS or other countries to share intelligence or evidence 
     that may aid in the prosecution of members of the Islamic 
     State of Iraq and Syria and associated forces, and any legal 
     obstacles that may hinder such efforts.
       (G) An analysis of the manner in which the United States 
     Government communicates on such proposals and efforts to the 
     families of United States citizens believed to be a victim of 
     a criminal act by an ISIS detainee.
       (3) Form.--The report under paragraph (1) shall be 
     submitted in unclassified form, but may include a classified 
     annex.
       (d) Appropriate Committees of Congress Defined.--In this 
     section, the term ``appropriate committees of Congress'' 
     means--
       (1) the Committee on Armed Services, the Committee on 
     Foreign Relations, the Committee on the Judiciary, the Select 
     Committee on Intelligence, and the Committee on 
     Appropriations of the Senate; and
       (2) the Committee on Armed Services, the Committee on 
     Foreign Affairs, the Committee on the Judiciary, the 
     Permanent Select Committee on Intelligence, and the Committee 
     on Appropriations of the House of Representatives.

     SEC. 1225. REPORT ON LESSONS LEARNED FROM EFFORTS TO LIBERATE 
                   MOSUL AND RAQQAH FROM CONTROL OF THE ISLAMIC 
                   STATE OF IRAQ AND SYRIA.

       (a) Report Required.--Not later than 180 days after the 
     date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense 
     shall submit to the congressional defense committees a report 
     on lessons learned from coalition operations to liberate 
     Mosul, Iraq, and Raqqah, Syria, from control of the Islamic 
     State of Iraq and Syria (ISIS).
       (b) Elements.--The report required by subsection (a) shall 
     include a description of lessons learned in connection with 
     each of the following:
       (1) Combat in densely populated urban environments.
       (2) Enablement of partner forces, including unique aspects 
     of conducting combined operations with regular and irregular 
     forces.
       (3) Advise, assist, and accompany efforts, including such 
     efforts conducted remotely.
       (4) Integration of United States general purpose and 
     special operations forces.
       (5) Integration of United States and international forces.
       (6) Irregular and unconventional warfare approaches, 
     including the application of training and doctrine by special 
     operations and general purpose forces.
       (7) Use of command, control, communications, computer, 
     intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance systems and 
     techniques.
       (8) Logistics.
       (9) Information operations.
       (10) Targeting and weaponeering, including efforts to avoid 
     civilian casualties and other collateral damage.
       (11) Facilitation of flows of internally displaced people 
     and humanitarian assistance.
       (12) Such other matters as the Secretary considers 
     appropriate and could benefit training, doctrine, and 
     resourcing of future operations.
       (c) Form.--The report required by subsection (a) shall be 
     submitted in unclassified form, but may include a classified 
     annex.

   Subtitle D--Matters Relating to Europe and the Russian Federation

     SEC. 1231. PROHIBITION ON AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS RELATING TO 
                   SOVEREIGNTY OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION OVER 
                   CRIMEA.

       (a) Prohibition.--None of the funds authorized to be 
     appropriated by this Act or otherwise made available for 
     fiscal year 2020 for the Department of Defense may be 
     obligated or expended to implement any activity that 
     recognizes the sovereignty of the Russian Federation over 
     Crimea.
       (b) Waiver.--The Secretary of Defense, with the concurrence 
     of the Secretary of State, may waive the prohibition under 
     subsection (a) if the Secretary of Defense--
       (1) determines that a waiver is in the national security 
     interest of the United States; and

[[Page S3922]]

       (2) on the date on which the waiver is invoked, submits a 
     notification of the waiver and a justification of the reason 
     for seeking the waiver to--
       (A) the Committee on Armed Services and the Committee on 
     Foreign Relations of the Senate; and
       (B) the Committee on Armed Services and the Committee on 
     Foreign Affairs of the House of Representatives.

     SEC. 1232. PROHIBITION ON USE OF FUNDS FOR WITHDRAWAL OF 
                   ARMED FORCES FROM EUROPE IN THE EVENT OF UNITED 
                   STATES WITHDRAWAL FROM THE NORTH ATLANTIC 
                   TREATY.

       Notwithstanding any other provision of law, if the 
     President provides notice of withdrawal of the United States 
     from the North Atlantic Treaty, done at Washington D.C. April 
     4, 1949, pursuant to Article 13 of the Treaty, during the 
     one-year period beginning on the date of such notice, no 
     funds authorized to be appropriated by this Act may be 
     obligated, expended, or reprogrammed for the withdrawal of 
     the United States Armed Forces from Europe.

     SEC. 1233. EXTENSION OF LIMITATION ON MILITARY COOPERATION 
                   BETWEEN THE UNITED STATES AND THE RUSSIAN 
                   FEDERATION.

       Subsection (a) of the National Defense Authorization Act 
     for Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328; 130 Stat. 2488), as 
     most recently amended by section 1247 of the John S. McCain 
     National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2019 
     (Public Law 115-232), is further amended in the matter 
     preceding paragraph (1) by striking ``fiscal year 2017, 2018, 
     or 2019'' and inserting ``fiscal year 2017, 2018, 2019, or 
     2020''.

     SEC. 1234. MODIFICATION AND EXTENSION OF UKRAINE SECURITY 
                   ASSISTANCE INITIATIVE.

       Section 1250 of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
     Fiscal Year 2016 (Public Law 114-92; 129 Stat. 1068), as most 
     recently amended by section 1246 of the John S. McCain 
     National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2019 
     (Public Law 115-232), is further amended--
       (1) in subsection (a), in the matter preceding paragraph 
     (1), by striking ``in coordination with the Secretary of 
     State'' and inserting ``with the concurrence of the Secretary 
     of State'';
       (2) in subsection (b)--
       (A) by amending paragraph (11) to read as follows:
       ``(11) Air defense and coastal defense radars, and systems 
     to support effective command and control and integration of 
     air defense and coastal defense capabilities.'';
       (B) by redesignating paragraphs (14) and (15) as paragraphs 
     (15) and (16), respectively;
       (C) by inserting after paragraph (13) the following new 
     paragraph (14):
       ``(14) Coastal defense and anti-ship missile systems.''; 
     and
       (D) in paragraph (15), as so redesignated, by striking 
     ``paragraphs (1) through (13)'' and inserting ``paragraphs 
     (1) through (14)'';
       (3) in subsection (c), by amending paragraph (5) to read as 
     follows:
       ``(5) Lethal assistance.--Of the funds available for fiscal 
     year 2020 pursuant to subsection (f)(5), $100,000,000 shall 
     be available only for lethal assistance described in 
     paragraphs (2), (3), (11), (12), and (14) of subsection 
     (b).'';
       (4) in subsection (f), by adding at the end the following 
     new paragraph:
       ``(5) For fiscal year 2020, $300,000,000.''; and
       (5) in subsection (h), by striking ``December 31, 2021'' 
     and inserting ``December 31, 2022''.

     SEC. 1235. EXTENSION OF AUTHORITY FOR TRAINING FOR EASTERN 
                   EUROPEAN NATIONAL SECURITY FORCES IN THE COURSE 
                   OF MULTILATERAL EXERCISES.

       Subsection (h) of section 1251 of the National Defense 
     Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2016 (10 U.S.C. 333 note) 
     is amended--
       (1) in the first sentence, by striking ``December 31, 
     2020'' and inserting ``December 31, 2022''; and
       (2) in the second sentence, by striking ``for for the 
     period beginning on October 1, 2015, and ending on December 
     31, 2020'' and inserting ``for the period beginning on 
     October 1, 2015, and ending on December 31, 2022''.

     SEC. 1236. LIMITATION ON TRANSFER OF F-35 AIRCRAFT TO THE 
                   REPUBLIC OF TURKEY.

       (a) Limitation.--Except as provided in subsection (b), none 
     of the funds authorized to be appropriated by this Act or 
     otherwise made available for the Department of Defense may be 
     used to do the following:
       (1) Transfer, or facilitate the transfer of, F-35 aircraft 
     to the territory of the Republic of Turkey.
       (2) Transfer equipment, intellectual property, or technical 
     data necessary for or related to the maintenance or support 
     of the F-35 aircraft in the territory of the Republic of 
     Turkey.
       (3) Construct facilities for or otherwise associated with 
     the storage of F-35 aircraft in the territory of the Republic 
     of Turkey.
       (b) Waiver.--The Secretary of Defense, with the concurrence 
     of the Secretary of State, may waive the limitation under 
     subsection (a) if the Secretary of Defense and the Secretary 
     of State submit to the congressional defense committees, the 
     Committee on Foreign Relations of the Senate, and the 
     Committee on Foreign Affairs of the House of Representatives 
     a certification that the Government of Turkey--
       (1) has not accepted delivery of the S-400 air and missile 
     defense system from the Russian Federation; and
       (2) has provided reliable assurances that the Government of 
     Turkey will not accept delivery of the S-400 air and missile 
     defense system from the Russian Federation in the future.

     SEC. 1237. MODIFICATIONS OF BRIEFING, NOTIFICATION, AND 
                   REPORTING REQUIREMENTS RELATING TO NON-
                   COMPLIANCE BY THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION WITH ITS 
                   OBLIGATIONS UNDER THE INF TREATY.

       (a) Briefing Requirement.--Section 1244(d) of the Carl 
     Levin and Howard P. ``Buck'' McKeon National Defense 
     Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2015 (Public Law 113-291; 
     128 Stat. 3565; 22 U.S.C. 2593a note)--
       (1) by striking ``At the time'' and inserting the 
     following:
       ``(A) In general.--At the time''; and
       (2) by adding at the end the following new subparagraph:
       ``(B) Sunset.--The briefing requirement under subparagraph 
     (A) shall be in effect so long as the INF Treaty remains in 
     force.''.
       (b) Notification Requirement Relating to Coordination With 
     Allies.--Section 1243(c) of the National Defense 
     Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2016 (Public Law 114-92; 
     129 Stat. 1601) is amended by adding at the end the following 
     new paragraph:
       ``(3) Sunset.--The notification requirement under paragraph 
     (1) shall be in effect so long as the INF Treaty remains in 
     force.''.
       (c) Notification Requirement Relating to Development, 
     Deployment, or Test of a System Inconsistent With INF 
     Treaty.--Section 1244(a) of the National Defense 
     Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2018 (Public Law 115-91; 
     131 Stat. 1673; 22 U.S.C. 2593a note) is amended by adding at 
     the end the following new paragraph:
       ``(3) Sunset.--The notification requirement under paragraph 
     (1) shall be in effect so long as the INF Treaty remains in 
     force.''.
       (d) Reporting Requirement Under Ukraine Freedom Support Act 
     of 2014.--Section 10(c) of the Ukraine Freedom Support Act of 
     2014 (22 U.S.C. 8929) is amended by adding at the end the 
     following new paragraph:
       ``(3) Sunset.--The reporting requirement under paragraph 
     (1) shall be in effect so long as the INF Treaty remains in 
     force.''.

     SEC. 1238. EXTENSION AND MODIFICATION OF SECURITY ASSISTANCE 
                   FOR BALTIC NATIONS FOR JOINT PROGRAM FOR 
                   INTEROPERABILITY AND DETERRENCE AGAINST 
                   AGGRESSION.

       (a) Additional Defense Articles and Services.--Subsection 
     (c) of section 1279D of the National Defense Authorization 
     Act for Fiscal Year 2018 (Public Law 115-91; 131 Stat. 1702; 
     22 U.S.C. 2753 note) is amended--
       (1) by redesignating paragraph (5) as paragraph (6); and
       (2) by inserting after paragraph (4) the following new 
     paragraph (5):
       ``(5) Command, control, communications, computers, 
     intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance (C4ISR) 
     equipment.''.
       (b) Funding.--Subsection (f) of such section is amended--
       (1) in paragraph (2), by striking ``$100,000,000'' and 
     inserting ``$125,000,000''; and
       (2) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
       ``(3) Matching amount.--The amount of assistance provided 
     under subsection (a) for procurement described in subsection 
     (b) may not exceed the aggregate amount contributed to such 
     procurement by the Baltic nations.''.
       (c) Extension.--Subsection (g) of such section is amended 
     by striking ``December 31, 2020'' and inserting ``December 
     31, 2022''.

     SEC. 1239. REPORT ON NORTH ATLANTIC TREATY ORGANIZATION 
                   READINESS INITIATIVE.

       (a) Report.--Not later than October 1, 2020, the Secretary 
     of Defense shall submit to the congressional defense 
     committees a report on the North Atlantic Treaty Organization 
     (NATO) Readiness Initiative, which shall include assessments 
     of the following:
       (1) The number of units North Atlantic Treaty Organization 
     allies have pledged against the benchmark to provide an 
     additional 30 air attack squadrons, 30 naval combat vessels, 
     and 30 mechanized battalions ready to fight in not more than 
     30 days.
       (2) The procedure by which the North Atlantic Treaty 
     Organization certifies, reports, and ensures that the Supreme 
     Allied Commander Europe (SACEUR) maintains a detailed 
     understanding of the readiness of the forces described in 
     paragraph (1).
       (3) The North Atlantic Treaty Organization plan to maintain 
     the readiness of such forces in future years.
       (b) Form.--The report required by subsection (a) shall be 
     submitted in unclassified form, but may include a classified 
     annex.

     SEC. 1240. REPORTS ON CONTRIBUTIONS TO THE NORTH ATLANTIC 
                   TREATY ORGANIZATION.

       (a) In General.--Beginning in 2020, and annually thereafter 
     through 2025, not later than 30 days after the date on which 
     the annual report of the Secretary General of the North 
     Atlantic Treaty Organization for the preceding calendar year 
     is published, the Secretary of Defense, in consultation with 
     the Commander of United States European Command, shall submit 
     to the appropriate committees of Congress a report that 
     includes the following:
       (1) A link to an electronic version of such annual report 
     of the Secretary General of the North Atlantic Treaty 
     Organization.

[[Page S3923]]

       (2) A summary of the key findings of such annual report.
       (3) A description of the significant financial 
     contributions by member countries of the North Atlantic 
     Treaty Organization that support the presence or operations 
     of the United States Armed Forces in Europe.
       (4) An assessment of the progress of each member country of 
     the North Atlantic Treaty Organization toward meeting the 
     North Atlantic Treaty Organization capability targets for 
     such member country.
       (5) An assessment of North Atlantic Treaty Organization 
     capability and capacity shortfalls that may be addressed 
     through investment by North Atlantic Treaty Organization 
     member countries that have not met the Defense Investment 
     Pledge made at the 2014 summit of the North Atlantic Treaty 
     Organization in Wales.
       (6) A description of the contribution of each member 
     country of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization to the NATO 
     Readiness Initiative.
       (7) A description of--
       (A) the personnel and financial contributions of each 
     member country of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization to 
     military or stability operations in which the United States 
     Armed Forces are a participant; and
       (B) any limitation placed by such member country on the use 
     of such contributions.
       (8) An assessment of the compatibility and alignment of 
     United States and North Atlantic Treaty Organization 
     contingency plans, including recommendations to reduce the 
     risk of executing such plans.
       (9) An assessment of current North Atlantic Treaty 
     Organization initiatives, and any recommendations for future 
     reforms or initiatives, to accelerate the speed of decision 
     and deployability of North Atlantic Treaty Organization 
     forces.
       (b) Form.--Each report under subsection (a) shall be 
     submitted in unclassified form, but may include a classified 
     annex.
       (c) Appropriate Committees of Congress Defined.--In this 
     section, the term ``appropriate committees of Congress'' 
     means--
       (1) the Committee on Armed Services and the Committee on 
     Foreign Relations of the Senate; and
       (2) the Committee on Armed Services and the Committee on 
     Foreign Affairs of the House of Representatives.

     SEC. 1241. FUTURE YEARS PLANS FOR EUROPEAN DETERRENCE 
                   INITIATIVE.

       (a) Plan Required.--
       (1) Initial plan.--
       (A) In general.--Not later than December 31, 2019, the 
     Secretary of Defense, in consultation with the Commander of 
     the United States European Command, shall submit to the 
     congressional defense committees a future years plan on 
     activities and resources of the European Deterrence 
     Initiative (EDI) for fiscal year 2020 and not fewer than the 
     four succeeding fiscal years.
       (B) Matters to be included.--The plan required under 
     subparagraph (A) shall include the following:
       (i) A description of the objectives of the European 
     Deterrence Initiative, including a description of--

       (I) the intended force structure and posture of the 
     assigned and allocated forces within the area of 
     responsibility of the United States European Command for the 
     last fiscal year of the plan; and
       (II) the manner in which such force structure and posture 
     support the implementation of the National Defense Strategy.

       (ii) An assessment of capabilities requirements to achieve 
     the objectives of the European Deterrence Initiative.
       (iii) An assessment of logistics requirements, including 
     personnel, equipment, supplies, storage, and maintenance 
     needs, to achieve the objectives of the European Deterrence 
     Initiative.
       (iv) An identification of required infrastructure and 
     military construction investments to achieve the objectives 
     of the European Deterrence Initiative, including potential 
     infrastructure investments by host nations.
       (v) An assessment of security cooperation investments 
     required to achieve the objectives of the European Deterrence 
     Initiative.
       (vi) A plan to fully resource United States force posture 
     and capabilities, including--

       (I) a detailed assessment of the resources necessary to 
     address the requirements described in clauses (i) through 
     (v), including specific cost estimates for each project in 
     the European Deterrence Initiative to support increased 
     presence, exercises and training, enhanced prepositioning, 
     improved infrastructure, and building partnership capacity; 
     and
       (II) a detailed timeline to achieve the intended force 
     structure and posture described in clause (i)(I).

       (2) Subsequent plan.--
       (A) In general.--Not later than the date on which the 
     Secretary submits to Congress the budget request for the 
     Department of Defense for fiscal year 2021, the Secretary, in 
     consultation with the Commander of the United States European 
     Command, shall submit to the congressional defense committees 
     a future years plan on activities and resources of the 
     European Deterrence Initiative for fiscal year 2021 and not 
     fewer than the four succeeding fiscal years.
       (B) Matters to be included.--The plan required under 
     subparagraph (A) shall include--
       (i) the matters described in subparagraph (B) of paragraph 
     (1); and
       (ii) a detailed explanation of any significant 
     modifications in requirements or resources, as compared to 
     the plan submitted under that paragraph.
       (b) Form.--The plans required under subsection (a) shall be 
     submitted in unclassified form, but may include a classified 
     annex.

     SEC. 1242. MODIFICATION OF REPORTING REQUIREMENTS RELATING TO 
                   THE OPEN SKIES TREATY.

       (a) Plan for Implementation Flights.--Section 1235(a) of 
     the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2018 
     (Public Law 115-91; 131 Stat. 1660) is amended--
       (1) in paragraph (1)--
       (A) by striking ``the President'' and inserting ``the 
     Secretary of Defense''; and
       (B) by striking ``with respect to such fiscal year'' and 
     inserting ``with respect to the calendar year in which the 
     flight is to be conducted'';
       (2) in paragraph (2), by striking ``during such fiscal 
     year'' and inserting ``during such calendar year''; and
       (3) in paragraph (3), by striking ``with respect to a 
     fiscal year'' and inserting ``with respect to a calendar 
     year''.
       (b) Quarterly Reports on Observation Flights by the Russian 
     Federation.--
       (1) In general.--Paragraph (1) of subsection (c) of section 
     1236 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
     Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328; 130 Stat. 2491) is amended by 
     striking ``on a quarterly basis'' and inserting ``on an 
     annual basis''.
       (2) Conforming amendment.--Such subsection is further 
     amended, in the subsection heading, by striking ``Quarterly'' 
     and inserting ``Annual''.

     SEC. 1243. REPORT ON NUCLEAR WEAPONS OF THE RUSSIAN 
                   FEDERATION AND NUCLEAR MODERNIZATION OF THE 
                   PEOPLE'S REPUBLIC OF CHINA.

       (a) In General.--Not later than February 15, 2020, the 
     Secretary of Defense, in coordination with the Director of 
     National Intelligence and the Secretary of State, shall 
     submit to the appropriate committees of Congress a report 
     that includes the following:
       (1) An assessment of the deployed nuclear weapons of the 
     Russian Federation not covered by the New START Treaty.
       (2) An assessment of the nuclear weapons of the Russian 
     Federation in development that would not be covered by the 
     New START Treaty.
       (3) An assessment of the strategic nuclear weapons of the 
     Russian Federation that are not deployed.
       (4) An assessment of the efforts of the People's Republic 
     of China with respect to nuclear modernization.
       (5) The implications of such assessments with respect to 
     the limitations on strategic weapons of the United States and 
     the Russian Federation under the New START Treaty.
       (b) Form.--The report under subsection (a) shall be 
     submitted in unclassified form, but may include a classified 
     annex.
       (c) Definitions.--In this section:
       (1) Appropriate committees of congress.--The term 
     ``appropriate committees of Congress'' means--
       (A) the Committee on Armed Services, the Select Committee 
     on Intelligence, and the Committee on Foreign Relations of 
     the Senate; and
       (B) the Committee on Armed Services, the Permanent Select 
     Committee on Intelligence, and the Committee on Foreign 
     Affairs of the House of Representatives.
       (2) New start treaty.--The term ``New START Treaty'' means 
     the Treaty between the United States of America and the 
     Russian Federation on Measures for the Further Reduction and 
     Limitation of Strategic Offensive Arms, signed on April 8, 
     2010, and entered into force on February 5, 2011.

     SEC. 1244. SENSE OF SENATE ON THE 70TH ANNIVERSARY OF THE 
                   NORTH ATLANTIC TREATY ORGANIZATION.

       Commemorating the 70th anniversary of the North Atlantic 
     Treaty Organization (NATO), the Senate--
       (1) recognizes the North Atlantic Treaty Organization as 
     the most successful military alliance in history, founded on 
     the principles of democracy, individual liberty, and the rule 
     of law;
       (2) commends the singular contributions of the North 
     Atlantic Treaty Organization to the security, prosperity, and 
     freedom of its members;
       (3) upholds membership in the North Atlantic Treaty 
     Organization as a cornerstone of the security and national 
     defense of the United States;
       (4) affirms the ironclad commitment of the United States to 
     uphold its obligations under the North Atlantic Treaty, 
     including under Article 5 of such treaty;
       (5) honors the contributions of North Atlantic Treaty 
     Organization allies to the security of the United States, 
     including the invocation of Article 5 of the North Atlantic 
     Treaty after the September 11, 2001, terrorist attacks 
     against the United States;
       (6) urges North Atlantic Treaty Organization allies to 
     uphold their obligations under Article 3 of the North 
     Atlantic Treaty to ``maintain and develop their individual 
     and collective capacity to resist armed attack'' by honoring 
     the Defense Investment Pledge made at the Wales Summit in 
     2014;
       (7) notes the commitment of North Atlantic Treaty 
     Organization allies to contribute to strengthening their free 
     institutions, bringing about a better understanding of the 
     principles on which such institutions are founded and 
     promoting conditions of stability and well-being; and

[[Page S3924]]

       (8) welcomes efforts to reform and modernize the North 
     Atlantic Treaty Organization to meet current and future 
     threats, including though accelerated modernization, improved 
     readiness, command structure adaptation, and increased speed 
     of alliance decision-making.

     SEC. 1245. SENSE OF SENATE ON UNITED STATES FORCE POSTURE IN 
                   EUROPE AND THE REPUBLIC OF POLAND.

       It is the sense of the Senate that--
       (1) the 2018 National Defense Strategy identifies long-term 
     strategic competition with the Russian Federation as a 
     principal priority for the Department of Defense that 
     requires increased and sustained investment;
       (2) despite significant progress through the European 
     Deterrence Initiative, the current force posture of the 
     United States is not yet sufficient to support the National 
     Defense Strategy;
       (3) due to the geostrategic location and capabilities of 
     the armed forces of the Republic of Poland, the Republic of 
     Poland is critical to deterring, defending against, and 
     defeating Russian aggression against North Atlantic Treaty 
     Organization allies in Central and Eastern Europe; and
       (4) the United States should increase the persistent 
     presence of United States forces in the Republic of Poland, 
     including key combat enabler units such as warfighting 
     headquarters elements--
       (A) to enhance deterrence against Russian aggression; and
       (B) to reduce the risk of executing Department of Defense 
     contingency plans.

     SEC. 1246. SENSE OF SENATE ON UNITED STATES PARTNERSHIP WITH 
                   THE REPUBLIC OF GEORGIA.

       It is the sense of the Senate that the United States 
     should--
       (1) promote the enduring strategic partnership of the 
     United States with the Republic of Georgia;
       (2) support robust security sector assistance for the 
     Republic of Georgia, including defensive lethal assistance--
       (A) to strengthen the defense capabilities and readiness of 
     the Republic of Georgia;
       (B) to improve interoperability with North Atlantic Treaty 
     Organization (NATO) forces; and
       (C) to bolster deterrence against aggression by the Russian 
     Federation;
       (3) enhance security in the Black Sea region by increasing 
     engagement and security cooperation with Black Sea countries, 
     including by increasing the frequency, scale, and scope of 
     North Atlantic Treaty Organization and other multilateral 
     exercises in the Black Sea region with the participation of 
     the Republic of Georgia and Ukraine; and
       (4) affirm support for the North Atlantic Treaty 
     Organization open door policy, including the eventual 
     membership of the Republic of Georgia in the North Atlantic 
     Treaty Organization.

        Subtitle E--Matters Relating to the Indo-Pacific Region

     SEC. 1251. LIMITATION ON USE OF FUNDS TO REDUCE THE TOTAL 
                   NUMBER OF MEMBERS OF THE ARMED FORCES IN THE 
                   TERRITORY OF THE REPUBLIC OF KOREA.

       None of the funds authorized to be appropriated by this Act 
     may be used to reduce the total number of members of the 
     Armed Forces in the territory of the Republic of Korea below 
     28,500 until 90 days after the date on which the Secretary of 
     Defense certifies to the congressional defense committees the 
     following:
       (1) Such a reduction is in the national security interest 
     of the United States and will not significantly undermine the 
     security of United States allies in the region.
       (2) Such a reduction is commensurate with a reduction in 
     the threat posed to the security of the United States and its 
     allies in the region by the conventional military forces of 
     the Democratic People's Republic of Korea.
       (3) The Secretary has appropriately consulted with allies 
     of the United States, including the Republic of Korea and 
     Japan, regarding such a reduction.

     SEC. 1252. EXPANSION OF INDO-PACIFIC MARITIME SECURITY 
                   INITIATIVE.

       Section 1263(b) of the National Defense Authorization Act 
     for Fiscal Year 2016 (10 U.S.C. 333 note) is amended by 
     adding at the end the following new paragraphs:
       ``(8) The Federated States of Micronesia.
       ``(9) The Kingdom of Tonga.
       ``(10) Papua New Guinea.
       ``(11) The Republic of Fiji.
       ``(12) The Republic of the Marshall Islands.
       ``(13) The Republic of Palau.
       ``(14) The Republic of Vanuatu.
       ``(15) The Solomon Islands.''.

     SEC. 1253. MODIFICATION OF ANNUAL REPORT ON MILITARY AND 
                   SECURITY DEVELOPMENTS INVOLVING THE PEOPLE'S 
                   REPUBLIC OF CHINA.

       Paragraph (26) of section 1202(b) of the National Defense 
     Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2000 (10 U.S.C. 113 note) 
     is amended to read as follows:
       ``(26) The relationship between Chinese overseas 
     investment, including the Belt and Road Initiative and the 
     Digital Silk Road, and Chinese security and military strategy 
     objectives, including--
       ``(A) an assessment of Chinese investments or projects 
     likely, or with significant potential, to be converted into 
     military assets of the People's Republic of China;
       ``(B) an assessment of Chinese investments or projects of 
     greatest concern with respect to United States national 
     security interests;
       ``(C) a description of any Chinese investment or project 
     linked to military cooperation with the country in which the 
     investment or project is located, such as cooperation on 
     satellite navigation or arms production; and
       ``(D) an assessment of any Chinese investment or project, 
     and any associated agreement, that--
       ``(i) presents significant financial risk for the country 
     in which the investment or project is located; or
       ``(ii) may undermine the sovereignty of such country.''.

     SEC. 1254. REPORT ON RESOURCING UNITED STATES DEFENSE 
                   REQUIREMENTS FOR THE INDO-PACIFIC REGION.

       (a) Report Required.--
       (1) In general.--Not later than January 31, 2020, the 
     Commander of United States Indo-Pacific Command shall submit 
     to the congressional defense committees a report containing 
     the independent assessment of the Commander with respect to 
     the activities and resources required, for fiscal years 2022 
     through 2026, to achieve the following objectives:
       (A) The implementation of the National Defense Strategy 
     with respect to the Indo-Pacific region.
       (B) The maintenance or restoration of the comparative 
     military advantage of the United States with respect to the 
     People's Republic of China.
       (C) The reduction of the risk of executing contingency 
     plans of the Department of Defense.
       (2) Matters to be included.--The report required under 
     paragraph (1) shall include the following:
       (A) A description of the intended force structure and 
     posture of assigned and allocated forces within the area of 
     responsibility of United States Indo-Pacific Command for 
     fiscal year 2026 to achieve the objectives described in 
     paragraph (1).
       (B) An assessment of capabilities requirements to achieve 
     such objectives.
       (C) An assessment of logistics requirements, including 
     personnel, equipment, supplies, storage, and maintenance 
     needs to achieve such objectives.
       (D) An identification of required infrastructure and 
     military construction investments to achieve such objectives.
       (E) An assessment of security cooperation activities or 
     resources required to achieve such objectives.
       (F) A plan to fully resource United States force posture 
     and capabilities, including--
       (i) a detailed assessment of the resources necessary to 
     address the elements described in subparagraphs (A) through 
     (E), including specific cost estimates for priority 
     investments or projects--

       (I) to increase joint force lethality;
       (II) to enhance force design and posture;
       (III) to support a robust exercise, experimentation, and 
     innovation program; and
       (IV) to strengthen cooperation with allies and partners; 
     and

       (ii) a detailed timeline to achieve the intended force 
     structure and posture described in subparagraph (A).
       (3) Form.--The report required under paragraph (1) may be 
     submitted in classified form, but shall include an 
     unclassified summary.
       (4) Availability.--On submittal of the report to the 
     congressional defense committees, the Commander of United 
     States Indo-Pacific Command shall make the report available 
     to the Secretary of Defense, the Director of Cost Assessment 
     and Program Evaluation, the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of 
     Staff, the Secretaries of the military departments, and the 
     chiefs of staff of each military service.
       (b) Briefings Required.--
       (1) Initial briefing.--Not later than March 15, 2020, the 
     Secretary of Defense, the Director of Cost Assessment and 
     Program Evaluation, and the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of 
     Staff shall provide to the congressional defense committees a 
     joint briefing, and documents as appropriate, with respect to 
     their assessments of the report submitted under subsection 
     (a), including their assessments of the feasibility and 
     advisability of the plan required by paragraph (2)(F) of that 
     subsection.
       (2) Subsequent briefing.--Not later than March 31, 2020, 
     the Secretary of the Air Force, the Secretary of the Army, 
     and the Secretary of the Navy shall provide to the 
     congressional defense committees a joint briefing, and 
     documents as appropriate, with respect to their assessments 
     of the report submitted under subsection (a), including their 
     assessments of the feasibility and advisability of the plan 
     required by paragraph (2)(F) of that subsection.

     SEC. 1255. REPORT ON DISTRIBUTED LAY-DOWN OF UNITED STATES 
                   FORCES IN THE INDO-PACIFIC REGION.

       (a) Review.--Acknowledging the pressing need to reduce the 
     presence of the United States Marine Corps on Okinawa, Japan, 
     and to accelerate adjustments to United States force posture 
     in the Indo-Pacific region, the Secretary of Defense, in 
     consultation with the Government of Japan and other foreign 
     governments as necessary, shall conduct a review of the 
     planned distribution of members of the United States Armed 
     Forces in Okinawa, Guam, Hawaii, Australia, and elsewhere 
     that is contemplated in support of the joint statement of the 
     United States-Japan Security Consultative Committee issued 
     April 26, 2012, in the District of Columbia (April 27, 2012, 
     in Tokyo, Japan) and revised

[[Page S3925]]

     on October 3, 2013, in Tokyo, hereafter referred to as the 
     ``distributed lay-down''.
       (b) Elements.--The review required by subsection (a) shall 
     include an updated analysis of the distributed lay-down, 
     including--
       (1) an assessment of the impact of the distributed lay-down 
     on the ability of the Armed Forces to respond to current and 
     future contingencies in the area of responsibility of United 
     States Indo-Pacific Command that reflects contingency plans 
     of the Department of the Defense;
       (2) the projected total cost, including any past or 
     projected changes in cost;
       (3) a description of the adequacy of current and expected 
     training resources at each location associated with the 
     distributed lay-down, including the ability to train against 
     the full spectrum of threats from near-peer or peer threats 
     any projected limitations due to political, environmental, or 
     other limiting factors;
       (4) an assessment of political support for United States 
     force presence from host countries and local communities and 
     populations;
       (5) an analysis of growth potential for increased force 
     size or training; and
       (6) an updated and detailed description of any military 
     construction projects required to execute the distributed 
     lay-down.
       (c) Certification.--Not later than 15 days after the 
     completion of the review required by subsection (a), the 
     Secretary of Defense shall submit to the congressional 
     defense committees--
       (1) a certification that the Department of Defense will 
     continue implementation of the distributed lay-down; or
       (2) a notification that the Department of Defense intends 
     to seek revisions to the distributed lay-down in consultation 
     with the Government of Japan.
       (d) Report.--Not later than 120 days after the completion 
     of the review required by subsection (a), the Secretary of 
     Defense shall provide the congressional defense committees a 
     report on the results of the review, including--
       (1) a detailed description of any recommendations for 
     revisions to the distributed lay-down such as alternative 
     locations for basing in Alaska, Hawaii, the continental 
     United States, Japan, and Oceania; and
       (2) an assessment of the results of the review and 
     recommendations described in paragraph (1) by the Chairman of 
     the Joint Chiefs of Staff.
       (e) Comptroller General Report.--Not later than 120 days 
     after the submission of the report required by subsection 
     (d), the Comptroller General of the United States shall 
     submit to the congressional defense committees a report 
     containing an analysis of the current status of the 
     distributed lay-down, the review described in subsection (a), 
     and the report described in subsection (d).

     SEC. 1256. SENSE OF SENATE ON THE UNITED STATES-JAPAN 
                   ALLIANCE AND DEFENSE COOPERATION.

       It is the sense of the Senate that--
       (1) the United States-Japan alliance remains the 
     cornerstone of peace and security for a free and open Indo-
     Pacific region;
       (2) although the United States Government does not take a 
     position on sovereignty of the Senkaku Islands, the United 
     States acknowledges that the islands are under the 
     administration of Japan and opposes any unilateral actions 
     that would seek to undermine their administration by Japan;
       (3) the unilateral actions of a third party will not affect 
     United States acknowledgment of the administration of Japan 
     over the Senkaku Islands, and the United States remains 
     committed under the Treaty of Mutual Cooperation and Security 
     with Japan to respond to any armed attack in the territories 
     under the administration of Japan;
       (4) Japan continues to make contributions to regional 
     security and prosperity that make the United States safer and 
     more prosperous;
       (5) the Government of Japan has played a critical 
     leadership role in promoting a free and open Indo-Pacific, 
     which is a primary objective of United States national 
     security policy, including through its efforts concerning 
     trade, investment, energy, rule of law, and good governance;
       (6) the Government of Japan has been instrumental improving 
     cooperation between the United States, Japan, Australia, and 
     India as well as improving relations with countries in the 
     Association of Southeast Asian Nations;
       (7) the Government of Japan has been a strong supporter of 
     United States efforts to achieve the complete and verifiable 
     denuclearization of North Korea, and has played a leading 
     role in enforcing United Nations Security Council Resolution 
     sanctions against North Korea;
       (8) the Government of Japan has taken significant steps to 
     enhance military capabilities for its own defense while 
     increasing its contributions to collective security, 
     including through passage of legislation concerning 
     collective self-defense, the publication of the National 
     Defense Program Guidelines and the Mid-Term Defense Program, 
     and record investments in advanced defense capabilities in 
     the maritime, air, space, and cyber domains;
       (9) while it should continue to increase its defense 
     spending in order to make a greater contribution to allied 
     defense capabilities, the Government of Japan has made among 
     the most significant ``burden sharing'' contributions of any 
     United States ally, including through direct cost sharing, 
     paying for the realignment of United States forces currently 
     stationed in Okinawa, community support, and other alliance-
     related expenditures;
       (10) upcoming negotiations concerning a new Special 
     Measures Agreement between the United States and Japan should 
     be conducted in a spirit consistent with prior negotiations 
     on the basis of common interest and mutual respect; and
       (11) the United States and Japan should take actions to 
     enhance United States-Japan defense cooperation, including 
     through increased use of combined bases for allied 
     operations, further integration of allied command structures, 
     consideration of the establishment of a combined joint task 
     force, enhanced combined contingency planning for both 
     conventional conflict and so-called ``gray zone'' incidents, 
     and opportunities for co-development of defense equipment and 
     technology cooperation.

     SEC. 1257. SENSE OF SENATE ON ENHANCEMENT OF THE UNITED 
                   STATES-TAIWAN DEFENSE RELATIONSHIP.

       It is the sense of the Senate that--
       (1) the Taiwan Relations Act (22 U.S.C. 3301 et seq.) and 
     the ``Six Assurances'' are both cornerstones of United States 
     relations with Taiwan;
       (2) the United States should strengthen defense and 
     security cooperation with Taiwan to support the development 
     of capable, ready, and modern defense forces necessary for 
     Taiwan to maintain a sufficient self-defense capability;
       (3) the United States should strongly support the 
     acquisition by Taiwan of defense articles and services 
     through foreign military sales, direct commercial sales, and 
     industrial cooperation, with an emphasis on anti-ship, 
     coastal defense, anti-armor, air defense, undersea warfare, 
     advanced command, control, communications, computer, 
     intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance (C4ISR), and 
     resilient command and control capabilities that support the 
     asymmetric defense strategy of Taiwan;
       (4) the President and Congress should determine the nature 
     and quantity of such defense articles and services based 
     solely upon their judgment of the needs of Taiwan as required 
     by the Taiwan Relations Act;
       (5) the United States should continue efforts to improve 
     the predictability of United States arms sales to Taiwan by 
     ensuring timely review of and response to requests of Taiwan 
     for defense articles and services;
       (6) the Secretary of Defense should promote policies 
     concerning exchanges that enhance the security of Taiwan 
     including--
       (A) opportunities with Taiwan for practical training and 
     military exercises that--
       (i) enable Taiwan to maintain a sufficient self-defense 
     capability, as described in section 3(a) of the Taiwan 
     Relations Act (22 U.S.C. 3302(a)); and
       (ii) emphasize capabilities consistent with the asymmetric 
     defense strategy of Taiwan;
       (B) exchanges between senior defense officials and general 
     officers of the United States and Taiwan, consistent with the 
     Taiwan Travel Act (Public Law 115-135), especially for the 
     purpose of enhancing cooperation on defense planning and 
     improving the interoperability of United States and Taiwan 
     forces; and
       (C) opportunities for exchanges between junior officers and 
     senior enlisted personnel of the United States and Taiwan;
       (7) the United States and Taiwan should expand cooperation 
     in humanitarian assistance and disaster relief;
       (8) the Secretary of Defense should consider supporting the 
     visit of a United States hospital ship to Taiwan as part of 
     the annual ``Pacific Partnership'' mission, as well as the 
     participation of Taiwan medical vessels in appropriate 
     exercises with the United States, in order to improve 
     disaster response planning and preparedness; and
       (9) the Secretary of Defense should continue regular 
     transits of United States Navy vessels through the Taiwan 
     Strait, commend the armed forces of France for their April 6, 
     2019, legal transit of the Taiwan Strait, and encourage 
     allies and partners to follow suit in conducting such 
     transits, in order to demonstrate the commitment of the 
     United States and its allies and partners to fly, sail, and 
     operate anywhere international law allows.

     SEC. 1258. SENSE OF SENATE ON UNITED STATES-INDIA DEFENSE 
                   RELATIONSHIP.

       It is the sense of the Senate that the United States should 
     strengthen and enhance its major defense partnership with 
     India and work toward the following mutual security 
     objectives:
       (1) Expanding engagement in multilateral frameworks, 
     including the quadrilateral dialogue among the United States, 
     India, Japan, and Australia, to promote regional security and 
     defend shared values and common interests in the rules-based 
     order.
       (2) Increasing the frequency and scope of exchanges between 
     senior civilian officials and military officers of the United 
     States and India to support the development and 
     implementation of the major defense partnership.
       (3) Exploring additional steps to implement the major 
     defense partner designation to better facilitate 
     interoperability, information sharing, and appropriate 
     technology transfers.
       (4) Pursuing strategic initiatives to help develop the 
     defense capabilities of India.
       (5) Conducting additional combined exercises with India in 
     the Persian Gulf, Indian Ocean, and western Pacific regions.
       (6) Furthering cooperative efforts to promote stability and 
     security in Afghanistan.

[[Page S3926]]

  


     SEC. 1259. SENSE OF SENATE ON SECURITY COMMITMENTS TO THE 
                   GOVERNMENTS OF JAPAN AND THE REPUBLIC OF KOREA 
                   AND TRILATERAL COOPERATION AMONG THE UNITED 
                   STATES, JAPAN, AND THE REPUBLIC OF KOREA.

       It is the sense of the Senate that--
       (1) the United States remains committed to its alliances 
     with Japan and the Republic of Korea, which are--
       (A) the cornerstones of peace and stability in the Indo-
     Pacific region; and
       (B) based on the shared values of democracy, the rule of 
     law, free and open markets, and respect for human rights;
       (2) cooperation among the United States, Japan, and the 
     Republic of Korea is essential for confronting global 
     challenges, including--
       (A) preventing the proliferation of weapons of mass 
     destruction;
       (B) combating piracy;
       (C) assisting victims of conflict and disaster worldwide;
       (D) protecting maritime security; and
       (E) ensuring freedom of navigation, commerce, and 
     overflight in the Indo-Pacific region;
       (3) the United States, Japan, and the Republic of Korea 
     share deep concern that the nuclear and ballistic missile 
     programs, the conventional military capabilities, and the 
     chemical and biological weapons programs of the Democratic 
     People's Republic of Korea, together with the long history of 
     aggression and provocation by the Democratic People's 
     Republic of Korea, pose grave threats to peace and stability 
     on the Korean Peninsula and in the Indo-Pacific region;
       (4) the United States welcomes greater security cooperation 
     with and between Japan and the Republic of Korea to promote 
     mutual interests and address shared concerns, including--
       (A) the bilateral military intelligence-sharing pact 
     between Japan and the Republic of Korea, signed on November 
     23, 2016; and
       (B) the trilateral intelligence sharing agreement among the 
     United States, Japan, and the Republic of Korea, signed on 
     December 29, 2015; and
       (5) recognizing that the security of the United States, 
     Japan, and the Republic of Korea are intertwined because they 
     face common threats, including from the Democratic People's 
     Republic of Korea, the United States welcomes and encourages 
     deeper trilateral defense coordination and cooperation, 
     including through expanded exercises, training, senior-level 
     exchanges, and information sharing.

     SEC. 1260. SENSE OF SENATE ON ENHANCED COOPERATION WITH 
                   PACIFIC ISLAND COUNTRIES TO ESTABLISH OPEN-
                   SOURCE INTELLIGENCE FUSION CENTERS IN THE INDO-
                   PACIFIC REGION.

       It is the sense of the Senate that--
       (1) the Pacific Island countries in the Indo-Pacific region 
     are critical partners of the United States;
       (2) the United States should take steps to enhance 
     collaboration with Pacific Island countries; and
       (3) United States Indo-Pacific Command should pursue the 
     establishment of one or more open-source intelligence fusion 
     centers in the Indo-Pacific region to enhance cooperation 
     with Pacific Island countries, which may include 
     participation in an existing fusion center of a partner or 
     ally in lieu of establishing an entirely new fusion center.

     SEC. 1261. SENSE OF SENATE ON ENHANCING DEFENSE AND SECURITY 
                   COOPERATION WITH THE REPUBLIC OF SINGAPORE.

       It is the sense of the Senate that--
       (1) the United States and the Republic of Singapore have 
     built a strong, enduring, and forward-looking strategic 
     partnership based on long-standing and mutually beneficial 
     cooperation, including through security, defense, economic, 
     and people-to-people ties;
       (2) robust security cooperation between the United States 
     and the Republic of Singapore is crucial to promoting peace 
     and stability in the Indo-Pacific region;
       (3) the status of the Republic of Singapore as a major 
     security cooperation partner of the United States, as 
     recognized in the 2005 Strategic Framework Agreement between 
     the United States and the Republic of Singapore for a Closer 
     Partnership in Defense and Security, plays an important role 
     in the global network of strategic partnerships, especially 
     in promoting maritime security and countering terrorism;
       (4) the United States highly values the Republic of 
     Singapore's provision of access to its military facilities, 
     which supports the continued security presence of the United 
     States in Southeast Asia and across the Indo-Pacific region;
       (5) the United States should continue to welcome the 
     presence of the Singapore Armed Forces in the United States 
     for exercises and training, and should consider opportunities 
     to expand such activities at additional locations in the 
     United States, as appropriate; and
       (6) as the United States and the Republic of Singapore 
     negotiate the renewal of the 1990 Memorandum of Understanding 
     Regarding the United States Use of Facilities in Singapore, 
     the United States should--
       (A) continue to enhance defense and security cooperation 
     with the Republic of Singapore to promote peace and stability 
     in the Indo-Pacific region based on common interests and 
     shared values;
       (B) reinforce the status of the Republic of Singapore as a 
     major security cooperation partner of the United States;
       (C) enhance defense cooperation in the military, policy, 
     strategic, and technological spheres, especially concerning 
     maritime security and counterterrorism, counterpiracy, 
     humanitarian assistance and disaster relief, cybersecurity, 
     and biosecurity; and
       (D) explore additional steps to better facilitate military 
     interoperability and information sharing through appropriate 
     technology transfers.

                          Subtitle F--Reports

     SEC. 1271. REPORT ON COST IMPOSITION STRATEGY.

       (a) In General.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
     the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall 
     submit to the congressional defense committees a report 
     describing the cost imposition strategies of the Department 
     of Defense with respect to the People's Republic of China and 
     the Russian Federation.
       (b) Elements.--The report under subsection (a) shall 
     include the following:
       (1) A description of the manner in which the future-years 
     defense program and current operational concepts of the 
     Department are designed to impose costs on the People's 
     Republic of China and the Russian Federation, including--
       (A) political, economic, monetary, human capital, and 
     technology costs; and
       (B) costs associated with military efficiency and 
     effectiveness.
       (2) A description of the policies and processes of the 
     Department relating to the development and execution of cost 
     imposition strategies.
       (c) Form.--The report under subsection (a) shall be 
     submitted in classified form, and shall include an 
     unclassified summary.

                       Subtitle G--Other Matters

     SEC. 1281. NATO SPECIAL OPERATIONS HEADQUARTERS.

       Section 1244 of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
     Fiscal Year 2010 (Public Law 111-84; 123 Stat. 2541), as most 
     recently amended by section 1280 of the National Defense 
     Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2016 (Public Law 114-92; 
     129 Stat. 1080), is further amended--
       (1) in subsection (a), by striking ``each of fiscal years 
     2013 through 2020'' and inserting ``each of fiscal years 2013 
     through 2025'';
       (2) by striking subsection (c); and
       (3) by redesignating subsection (d) as subsection (c).

     SEC. 1282. MODIFICATIONS OF AUTHORITIES RELATING TO 
                   ACQUISITION AND CROSS-SERVICING AGREEMENTS.

       (a) Reimbursement for Cost of Logistic Support, Supplies, 
     and Services.--Subsection (a) of section 2342 of title 10, 
     United States Code, is amended--
       (1) in paragraph (2), by striking ``in return for'' and all 
     that follows through the period at the end and inserting the 
     following: ``in return for--
       ``(A) the reciprocal provisions of logistic support, 
     supplies, and services by such government or organization to 
     elements of the armed forces; or
       ``(B) cash reimbursement for the fully burdened cost of the 
     logistic support, supplies, and services provided by the 
     United States.''; and
       (2) by adding at the end the following new paragraphs:
       ``(3) A reciprocal transaction for logistic support, 
     supplies, and services shall be reconciled not later than one 
     year after the date on which the transaction occurs, at which 
     time the Secretary of Defense shall seek cash reimbursement 
     for the fully burdened cost of the logistic support, 
     supplies, and services provided by the United States that has 
     not been offset by the value of the logistic support, 
     supplies, and services provided by the recipient government 
     or organization.
       ``(4) An agreement entered into under this section shall 
     require any accrued credits or liabilities resulting from an 
     unequal exchange of logistic support, supplies, and services 
     to be liquidated not less frequently than once every five 
     years.''.
       (b) Designation and Notice of Intent to Enter Into 
     Agreement With Non-NATO Country.--Subsection (b) of such 
     section is amended to read as follows:
       ``(b)(1) The Secretary of Defense may not designate a 
     country for an agreement under this section unless--
       ``(A) the Secretary, after consultation with the Secretary 
     of State, determines that the designation of such country for 
     such purpose is in the interest of the national security of 
     the United States; and
       ``(B) in the case of a country that is not a member of the 
     North Atlantic Treaty Organization, the Secretary submits to 
     the appropriate committees of Congress notice of the intended 
     designation not less than 30 days before the date on which 
     such country is designated by the Secretary under subsection 
     (a).
       ``(2) In the case of a country that is not a member of the 
     North Atlantic Treaty Organization, the Secretary of Defense 
     may not enter into an agreement under this section unless the 
     Secretary submits to the appropriate committees of Congress a 
     notice of intent to enter into such an agreement not less 
     than 30 days before the date on which the Secretary enters 
     into the agreement.''.
       (c) Oversight and Monitoring Responsibilities.--Such 
     section is further amended--

[[Page S3927]]

       (1) by redesignating subsections (f) through (h) as 
     subsections (g) through (i), respectively; and
       (2) by inserting after subsection (e) the following new 
     subsection (f):
       ``(f)(1) The Under Secretary of Defense for Policy shall 
     have primary responsibility within the Office of the 
     Secretary of Defense for oversight of agreements entered into 
     and activities carried out under the authority of this 
     subchapter.
       ``(2) The Director of the Defense Security Cooperation 
     Agency shall have primary responsibility for--
       ``(A) monitoring the implementation of such agreements; and
       ``(B) accounting for logistic support, supplies, and 
     services received or provided under such authority.''.
       (d) Regulations.--Subsection (g) of such section, as 
     redesignated by subsection (c)(1), is amended to read as 
     follows:
       ``(g)(1) Not later than 90 days after the date of the 
     enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall 
     prescribe regulations to ensure that--
       ``(A) contracts entered into under this subchapter are free 
     from self-dealing, bribery, and conflict of interests;
       ``(B) adequate processes and controls are in place to 
     provide for the accurate accounting of logistic support, 
     supplies, and services received or provided under the 
     authority of this subchapter; and
       ``(C) personnel responsible for accounting for logistic 
     support, supplies, and services received or provided under 
     such authority are fully trained and aware of such 
     responsibilities.
       ``(2)(A) Not later than 270 days after the issuance of the 
     regulations under paragraph (1), the Comptroller General of 
     the United States shall conduct a review of the 
     implementation by the Secretary of such regulations.
       ``(B) The review conducted under subparagraph (A) shall--
       ``(i) assess the effectiveness of such regulations and the 
     implementation of such regulations to ensure the effective 
     management and oversight of an agreement under subsection 
     (a)(1); and
       ``(ii) include any other matter the Comptroller General 
     considers relevant.''.
       (e) Reports.--Subsection (h) of such section, as 
     redesignated by subsection (c)(1), is amended--
       (1) in paragraph (1), by inserting ``in effect'' and 
     inserting ``that have entered into force or were applied 
     provisionally'';
       (2) in paragraph (2)--
       (A) by striking ``date on which the Secretary'' and all 
     that follows through the period at the end and inserting 
     ``dates on which the Secretary notified Congress--
       ``(A) pursuant to subsection (b)(1)(B) of the designation 
     of such country under subsection (a); and
       ``(B) pursuant to subsection (b)(2) of the intent of the 
     Secretary to enter into the agreement.'';
       (3) by amending paragraph (3) to read as follows:
       ``(3) With respect to each such agreement, the dollar 
     amounts of--
       ``(A) each class or type of logistic support, supplies, and 
     services provided in the preceding fiscal year; and
       ``(B) reciprocal provisions of logistic support, supplies, 
     and services, or cash reimbursements, received in such fiscal 
     year.'';
       (4) by amending paragraph (4) to read as follows:
       ``(4) With respect to each such agreement, the dollar 
     amounts of--
       ``(A) each class or type of logistic support, supplies, and 
     services received; and
       ``(B) reciprocal provisions of logistic support, supplies, 
     and services, or cash reimbursements provided.'';
       (5) by striking paragraph (5); and
       (6) by adding at the end the following new paragraphs:
       ``(5) With respect to any transaction for logistic support, 
     supplies, and services that has not been reconciled more than 
     one year after the date on which the transaction occurred, a 
     description of the transaction that includes the following:
       ``(A) The date on which the transaction occurred.
       ``(B) The country or organization to which logistic 
     support, supplies, and services were provided.
       ``(C) The value of the transaction.
       ``(6) An explanation of any waiver granted under section 
     2347(c) during the preceding fiscal year, including an 
     identification of the relevant contingency operation or non-
     combat operation.''.

     SEC. 1283. MODIFICATION OF AUTHORITY FOR UNITED STATES-ISRAEL 
                   ANTI-TUNNEL COOPERATION ACTIVITIES.

       (a) In General.--Subsection (a) of section 1279 of the 
     National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2016 (22 
     U.S.C. 8606 note) is amended, in the first sentence, by 
     striking ``and to establish capabilities for countering 
     unmanned aerial systems''.
       (b) Exception to Matching Contribution Requirement.--
     Subsection (b)(3) of such section is amended--
       (1) by striking ``Support'' and inserting the following:
       ``(A) In general.--Except as provided in subparagraph (B), 
     support''; and
       (2) by adding at the end the following:
       ``(B) Exception.--Subject to paragraph (4), the Secretary 
     may use amounts available to the Secretary in excess of the 
     amount contributed by the Government of Israel to provide 
     support under this subsection for costs associated with any 
     unique national requirement identified by the United States 
     with respect to anti-tunnel capabilities.''.

     SEC. 1284. UNITED STATES-ISRAEL COOPERATION TO COUNTER 
                   UNMANNED AERIAL SYSTEMS.

       (a) Authority to Establish Capabilities to Counter Unmanned 
     Aerial Systems.--
       (1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense, upon request of 
     the Ministry of Defense of Israel and in consultation with 
     the Secretary of State and the Director of National 
     Intelligence, is authorized to carry out research, 
     development, test, and evaluation, on a joint basis with 
     Israel, to establish capabilities for countering unmanned 
     aerial systems that threaten the United States or Israel. Any 
     activities carried out pursuant to such authority shall be 
     conducted in a manner that appropriately protects sensitive 
     technology and information and the national security 
     interests of the United States and Israel.
       (2) Report.--The activities described in paragraph (1) and 
     subsection (b) may not be carried out until after the 
     Secretary of Defense submits to the appropriate committees of 
     Congress a report setting forth the following:
       (A) A memorandum of agreement between the United States and 
     Israel regarding sharing of research and development costs 
     for the capabilities described in paragraph (1), and any 
     supporting documents.
       (B) A certification that the memorandum of agreement--
       (i) requires sharing of costs of projects, including in-
     kind support, between the United States and Israel;
       (ii) establishes a framework to negotiate the rights to any 
     intellectual property developed under the memorandum of 
     agreement; and
       (iii) requires the United States Government to receive 
     semiannual reports on expenditure of funds, if any, by the 
     Government of Israel, including a description of what the 
     funds have been used for, when funds were expended, and an 
     identification of entities that expended the funds.
       (b) Support in Connection With the Program.--
       (1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense is authorized to 
     provide maintenance and sustainment support to Israel for the 
     research, development, test, and evaluation activities 
     authorized in subsection (a)(1). Such authority includes 
     authority to install equipment necessary to carry out such 
     research, development, test, and evaluation.
       (2) Report.--Support may not be provided under paragraph 
     (1) until 15 days after the Secretary submits to the 
     appropriate committees of Congress a report setting forth a 
     detailed description of the support to be provided.
       (3) Matching contribution.--
       (A) In general.--Except as provided in subparagraph (B), 
     support may not be provided under this subsection unless the 
     Government of Israel contributes an amount not less than the 
     amount of support to be so provided to the program, project, 
     or activity for which the support is to be so provided in the 
     calendar year in which the support is provided.
       (B) Exception.--Subject to paragraph (4), the Secretary may 
     use amounts available to the Secretary in excess of the 
     amount contributed by the Government of Israel to provide 
     support under this subsection for costs associated with any 
     unique national requirement identified by the United States 
     with respect to countering unmanned aerial systems.
       (4) Annual limitation on amount.--The amount of support 
     provided under this subsection in any year may not exceed 
     $25,000,000.
       (5) Use of certain amounts for rdt&e activities in the 
     united states.--Of the amount provided by the United States 
     in support under paragraph (1), not less than 50 percent of 
     such amount shall be used for research, development, test, 
     and evaluation activities in the United States in connection 
     with such support.
       (c) Lead Agency.--The Secretary of Defense shall designate 
     an appropriate research and development entity of a military 
     department as the lead agency of the Department of Defense in 
     carrying out this section.
       (d) Semiannual Reports.--The Secretary of Defense shall 
     submit to the appropriate committees of Congress on a 
     semiannual basis a report that contains a copy of the most 
     recent semiannual report provided by the Government of Israel 
     to the Department of Defense pursuant to subsection 
     (a)(2)(B)(iii).
       (e) Appropriate Committees of Congress Defined.--In this 
     section, the term ``appropriate committees of Congress'' 
     means--
       (1) the Committee on Armed Services, the Committee on 
     Foreign Relations, the Committee on Homeland Security, the 
     Committee on Appropriations, and the Select Committee on 
     Intelligence of the Senate; and
       (2) the Committee on Armed Services, the Committee on 
     Foreign Affairs, the Committee on Homeland Security, the 
     Committee on Appropriations, and the Permanent Select 
     Committee on Intelligence of the House of Representatives.
       (f) Sunset.--The authority in this section to carry out 
     activities described in subsection (a), and to provide 
     support described in subsection (b), shall expire on December 
     31, 2024.

[[Page S3928]]

  


     SEC. 1285. MODIFICATION OF INITIATIVE TO SUPPORT PROTECTION 
                   OF NATIONAL SECURITY ACADEMIC RESEARCHERS FROM 
                   UNDUE INFLUENCE AND OTHER SECURITY THREATS.

       Section 1286(c) of the John S. McCain National Defense 
     Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2019 (Public Law 115-232) 
     is amended by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
       ``(8) A list, developed in consultation with the Bureau of 
     Industry and Security of the Department of Commerce, the 
     Director of National Intelligence, and United States academic 
     institutions that conduct significant Department of Defense 
     research or engineering activities, of academic institutions 
     of the People's Republic of China and the Russian Federation 
     that--
       ``(A) are associated with a defense program of the People's 
     Republic of China or the Russian Federation, including any 
     university heavily engaged in military research;
       ``(B) are known--
       ``(i) to recruit individuals for the purpose of advancing 
     the talent and capabilities of such a defense program; or
       ``(ii) to provide misleading transcripts or otherwise 
     attempt to conceal the connections of an individual or 
     institution to such a defense program; or
       ``(C) pose a serious risk of intangible transfers of 
     defense or engineering technology and research.''.

     SEC. 1286. INDEPENDENT ASSESSMENT OF HUMAN RIGHTS SITUATION 
                   IN HONDURAS.

       (a) Assessment Required.--
       (1) In general.--Not later than 90 days after the date of 
     the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall 
     select and enter into an agreement with an independent think 
     tank or a federally funded research and development center to 
     conduct an analysis and assessment of the compliance of the 
     military and security forces of Honduras with international 
     human rights laws and standards.
       (2) Matters to be included.--The assessment under paragraph 
     (1) shall include the following:
       (A) A description of the military-to-military activities 
     between the United States and Honduras, including the manner 
     in which Department of Defense engagement with the military 
     and security forces of Honduras supports the National Defense 
     Strategy.
       (B) An analysis and assessment of the activities of the 
     military and security forces of Honduras with respect to 
     human rights activists.
       (C) With respect to United States national security 
     interests, an analysis and assessment of the challenges posed 
     by corruption within the military and security forces of 
     Honduras.
       (D) An analysis of--
       (i) the security assistance provided to Honduras by the 
     Department of Defense during the 7-year period preceding the 
     date of the enactment of this Act; and
       (ii) the extent to which such assistance has improved 
     accountability, transparency, and compliance to international 
     human rights laws and standards in the security and military 
     operations of the Government of Honduras.
       (E) Recommendations on the development of future security 
     assistance to Honduras that prioritizes--
       (i) compliance of the military and security forces of 
     Honduras with human rights laws and standards;
       (ii) citizen security; and
       (iii) the advancement of United States national security 
     interests with respect to countering the proliferation of 
     illegal narcotics flows through Honduras.
       (F) Any other matters the Secretary considers necessary and 
     relevant to United States national security interests.
       (b) Report.--Not later than 270 days after the date of the 
     enactment of this Act, the entity selected under subsection 
     (a) shall submit to the appropriate committees of Congress a 
     report on the results of the assessment conducted under that 
     subsection.
       (c) Department of Defense Support.--The Secretary shall 
     provide the entity selected under subsection (a) with timely 
     access to appropriate information, data, and analyses 
     necessary to carry out the assessment in a thorough and 
     independent manner.
       (d) Appropriate Committees of Congress Defined.--In this 
     section, the term ``appropriate committees of Congress'' 
     means--
       (1) the Committee on Armed Services and the Committee on 
     Foreign Relations of the Senate; and
       (2) the Committee on Armed Services and the Committee on 
     Foreign Affairs of the House of Representatives.

     SEC. 1287. UNITED STATES CENTRAL COMMAND POSTURE REVIEW.

       (a) Comprehensive Review Required.--
       (1) In general.--To clarify the near-term policy and 
     strategy of the United States under the National Defense 
     Strategy with respect to United States Central Command, the 
     Secretary of Defense, in consultation with the Secretary of 
     State and the Director of National Intelligence, as 
     appropriate, shall conduct a comprehensive review of United 
     States military force posture and capabilities in the United 
     States Central Command area of responsibility during the 
     posture review period.
       (2) Elements.--The review conducted under paragraph (1) 
     shall include, for the posture review period, the following 
     elements:
       (A) An assessment of the threats and challenges in the 
     United States Central Command area of responsibility, 
     including threats and challenges posed to United States 
     interests by near-peer competitors.
       (B) An explanation of the policy and strategic frameworks 
     for addressing the threats and challenges identified under 
     subparagraph (A).
       (C) An identification of current and future United States 
     military force posture and capabilities necessary to counter 
     threats, deter conflict, and defend United States national 
     security interests in the United States Central Command area 
     of responsibility.
       (D) An assessment of the basing, cooperative security 
     locations, and other infrastructure necessary to support 
     steady state operations in support of the theater campaign 
     plan and potential contingencies that may arise in or affect 
     the United States Central Command area of responsibility, 
     including any potential efficiencies and risk mitigation 
     measures to be taken.
       (E) A description of methods to mitigate risk that may 
     result from adjustments to United States military force 
     posture and capabilities deployed in the United States 
     Central Command area of responsibility.
       (F) An explanation of the manner in which a modernized 
     global operating model or dynamic force employment approach 
     may yield efficiencies and increase strategic flexibility 
     while achieving United States military objectives in the 
     United States Central Command area of responsibility.
       (G) An articulation of the United States nonmilitary 
     efforts and activities necessary to enable the achievement of 
     United States national security interests in the United 
     States Central Command area of responsibility.
       (H) Any other matter the Secretary considers relevant.
       (b) Report.--
       (1) In general.--Not later than 270 days after the date of 
     the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall 
     submit to the congressional defense committees a report on 
     the results of the review conducted under subsection (a).
       (2) Form.--The report under paragraph (1) shall be 
     submitted in unclassified form, but may include a classified 
     annex.
       (c) Posture Review Period Defined.--In this section, the 
     term ``posture review period'' means the period beginning on 
     the date that is five years after the date of the enactment 
     of this Act and ending on the date that is 15 years after 
     such date of enactment.

     SEC. 1288. REPORTS ON EXPENSES INCURRED FOR IN-FLIGHT 
                   REFUELING OF SAUDI COALITION AIRCRAFT 
                   CONDUCTING MISSIONS RELATING TO CIVIL WAR IN 
                   YEMEN.

       (a) Reports Required.--
       (1) In general.--Not later than 30 days after the date of 
     the enactment of this Act, and every 30 days thereafter, the 
     Secretary of Defense shall submit a report to the appropriate 
     committees of Congress detailing the expenses incurred by the 
     United States in providing in-flight refueling services for 
     Saudi or Saudi-led coalition non-United States aircraft 
     conducting missions as part of the civil war in Yemen during 
     the period of March 1, 2015, through November 11, 2018, and 
     the extent to which such expenses have been reimbursed by 
     members of the Saudi-led coalition.
       (2) Elements.--Each report required under paragraph (1) 
     shall include the following:
       (A) The total expenses incurred by the United States in 
     providing in-flight refueling services, including fuel, 
     flight hours, and other applicable expenses, to Saudi or 
     Saudi-led coalition, non-United States aircraft conducting 
     missions as part of the civil war in Yemen.
       (B) The amount of the expenses described in subparagraph 
     (A) that has been reimbursed by each member of the Saudi-led 
     coalition.
       (C) Any action taken by the United States to recoup the 
     remaining expenses described in subparagraph (A), including 
     any commitments by members of the Saudi-led coalition to 
     reimburse the United States for such expenses.
       (3) Sunset.--The reporting requirement under paragraph (1) 
     shall cease to be effective on the date on which the 
     Secretary certifies to the appropriate committees of Congress 
     that all expenses incurred by the United States in providing 
     in-flight refueling services for Saudi or Saudi-led coalition 
     non-United States aircraft conducting missions as part of the 
     civil war in Yemen during the period of March 1, 2015, 
     through November 11, 2018, have been reimbursed.
       (b) Appropriate Committees of Congress Defined.--In this 
     section, the term ``appropriate committees of Congress'&