NATIONAL DEFENSE AUTHORIZATION ACT FOR FISCAL YEAR 2020; Congressional Record Vol. 165, No. 115
(House of Representatives - July 10, 2019)

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        NATIONAL DEFENSE AUTHORIZATION ACT FOR FISCAL YEAR 2020


                             General Leave

  Mr. SMITH of Washington. Madam Speaker, I ask unanimous consent that 
all Members may have 5 legislative days in which to revise and extend 
their remarks and insert extraneous material on H.R. 2500.
  The SPEAKER pro tempore. Is there objection to the request of the 
gentleman from Washington?
  There was no objection.
  The SPEAKER pro tempore. Pursuant to House Resolution 476 and rule 
XVIII, the Chair declares the House in the Committee of the Whole House 
on the state of the Union for the consideration of the bill, H.R. 2500.
  The Chair appoints the gentleman from Texas (Mr. Cuellar) to preside 
over the Committee of the Whole.

                              {time}  1702


                     In the Committee of the Whole

  Accordingly, the House resolved itself into the Committee of the 
Whole House on the state of the Union for the consideration of the bill 
(H.R. 2500) to authorize appropriations for fiscal year 2020 for 
military activities of the Department of Defense and for military 
construction, to prescribe military personnel strengths for such fiscal 
year, and for other purposes, with Mr. Cuellar in the chair.
  The Clerk read the title of the bill.
  The CHAIR. Pursuant to the rule, the bill is considered read the 
first time.
  General debate shall not exceed 1 hour equally divided and controlled 
by the chair and the ranking minority member of the Committee on Armed 
Services.
  The gentleman from Washington (Mr. Smith) and the gentleman from 
Texas (Mr. Thornberry) each will control 30 minutes.
  The Chair recognizes the gentleman from Washington.
  Mr. SMITH of Washington. Mr. Chair, I yield myself 5 minutes.
  Mr. Chair, this, as always, is an incredibly important piece of 
legislation. This is a piece of legislation by which we provide for the 
national security of this country, and every little bit, as 
importantly, we provide for the men and women who put their lives on 
the line to provide for the national security of this country.
  For 58 years, we have passed the National Defense Authorization Act. 
It is the one piece of legislation that has not failed to pass in that 
timeframe, and there is a very good reason for that: It is enormously 
important, and it is our opportunity to show those men and women who 
serve in the military that we support them, we support what they do, 
and we are going to make sure that they have all that they need to 
carry out the missions that we ask them to do.
  One of the reasons that we have always been able to be successful on 
this is because of the very strong bipartisan tradition of our 
committee. We have worked with various chairmen and ranking members 
across the aisle for all of those years and really made sure that we 
worked together, regardless of who was in the majority, to produce a 
product that we can be proud of--and we have.
  On that measure, as we have moved in the majority this year, my staff 
and I have worked very hard with the ranking member and with all the 
members of the committee and their staffs to maintain that bipartisan 
tradition.
  When we had the bill in committee, we had a large number of 
proposals, which I will read to you.
  There were 736 proposals from Republicans, 889 from Democrats. We put 
into our bill 53 percent of the Republican requests and 52 percent of 
the Democratic requests
  In amendments, there were more Democratic amendments in committee, 
266 to 248 for the Republicans, but, still, we accepted 57 percent of 
the Republican amendments.
  On the floor, there were a lot more amendments from Democrats, 480 to 
201, but, again, we accepted 50 percent of the Republican amendments.
  My staff and I and other members, personally, on a large number of 
issues, most notably on nuclear issues--Mr. Turner, who is the ranking 
member on the Subcommittee on Strategic Forces, was concerned that we 
weren't working together properly on a number of nuclear issues. There 
were 10 or 12 or more. I reached out to him. We worked together, and we 
resolved half of them, because that is what we do. This is a very 
strong bill that everybody on this floor should feel proud to vote for.
  Now, there are a couple of issues, but the biggest thing is remember 
what is in this bill. Once again, we give a very high pay raise to the 
men and women who serve, 3.1 percent pay raise.
  We have also, through the amendment process, included a priority that 
has over 300 cosponsors in the House, and that is   Joe Wilson's bill 
to finally eliminate the offset that cuts the amount of money that goes 
to widows of men and women who have passed away in the military. This 
is the bill to eliminate that offset. There is a lot in this bill that 
we can be proud of.
  Now, the issues that we have had disagreement on, I understand, but 
we always have disagreements. It is a large bill. I don't like 
everything in this bill. I don't think anybody does, but we cannot 
forget the central mission of this bill: to support the men and women 
who serve the military and to make sure that we have a strong national 
security.
  The number one issue is how much money we spend.
  Let me just say--and I think there is bipartisan agreement on this--
we need a budget caps deal. A continuing resolution is unacceptable.
  It is unacceptable for the entire discretionary budget, and it is 
certainly unacceptable for the Department of Defense, which can't 
simply keep doing what it has been doing. There are always programs 
they need to get rid of and new programs they need to create. We need 
to get a deal on that. But the number that we marked to, $733 billion, 
was the number that the Pentagon planned for for over a year.
  After we got the last budget deal to get $716 billion, the Pentagon 
planned on what their next year's budget would be, and the President 
and the Pentagon put together a $733 billion budget for over a year. 
But then, at the end of last year, the President felt that number was 
too high.
  By the way, I think I might agree with him. I think there are greater 
efficiencies to get out of the Pentagon.
  So he said it ought to be cut by 5 percent; it ought to be $700 
billion. A number of people protested that, went to the Pentagon and 
said: You can't cut it to 700.

[[Page H5338]]

  So the President said it can't be 733; it has got to be 700. And then 
he agreed to 750. That doesn't make a lot of sense. The 733 number is 
the number that we planned to.
  Now, I will agree that there is a robust debate that can be had about 
that: Should it be 750 or 733? I very strongly support the 733 number. 
I don't think giving the Pentagon an additional $17 billion at the last 
minute is fiscally responsible.
  I agree with the ranking member, who has said, in the years when we 
were cutting the defense budget by 20 percent, that wasn't responsible 
either. I think 733 is responsible, but I can hear arguments for the 
other side.
  What doesn't make sense is to say that, if you don't get 750, somehow 
733 is so bad that we have to vote against it. That simply doesn't make 
sense. 733 is the largest amount of money we have ever spent on the 
Pentagon. It more than funds our national security needs.
  I believe this is a very strong bill. We will debate many other 
issues. When we get done, I hope we can uphold that bipartisan 
tradition and show that we support national security and we support the 
men and women who are putting their lives on the line for our country.
  I reserve the balance of my time.

                                         House of Representatives,


                            Committee on House Administration,

                                    Washington, DC, June 13, 2019.
     Hon. Adam Smith,
     Chairman, Committee on Armed Services,
     House of Representatives, Washington, DC.
       Dear Chairman Smith: I am writing to you concerning H.R. 
     2500, the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 
     2020. There are certain provisions in the legislation which 
     fall within the Rule X jurisdiction of the Committee on House 
     Administration.
       In the interest of permitting your committee to proceed 
     expeditiously to floor consideration, the Committee is 
     willing to waive its right to sequential referral. This is 
     done with the understanding that the Committee on House 
     Administration's jurisdictional interests over this and 
     similar legislation are in no way diminished or altered. In 
     addition, the Committee reserves its right to seek conferees 
     on any provisions within its jurisdiction which are 
     considered in a House-Senate conference and requests your 
     support if such a request is made.
       I would appreciate your response confirming this 
     understanding with respect to H.R. 2500 and ask that a copy 
     of our exchange of letters on this matter be included in your 
     committee report on the bill and in the Congressional Record 
     during consideration of the bill on the House floor.
           Sincerely,
                                                      Zoe Lofgren,
     Chairperson.
                                  ____

                                         House of Representatives,


                                  Committee on Armed Services,

                                    Washington, DC, July 10, 2019.
     Hon. Zoe Lofgren,
     Chairperson, Committee on House Administration,
     House of Representatives, Washington, DC.
       Dear Chairperson: Thank you for your letter regarding H.R. 
     2500, the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 
     2020. I agree that the Committee on House Administration has 
     valid jurisdictional claims to certain provisions in this 
     important legislation, and I am most appreciative of your 
     decision not to request a referral in the interest of 
     expediting consideration of the bill. I agree that by 
     foregoing a sequential referral, the Committee on House 
     Administration is not waiving its jurisdiction. Further, this 
     exchange of letters will be included in the Congressional 
     Record.
           Sincerely,
                                                       Adam Smith,
     Chairman.
                                  ____

                                         House of Representatives,


                                     Committee on Agriculture,

                                     Washington, DC, June 5, 2019.
     Hon. Adam Smith,
     Chairman, Committee on Armed Services,
     House of Representatives, Washington, DC.
       Dear Mr. Smith: I am writing to you concerning the bill 
     H.R. 2500, the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
     Year 2020. There are certain provisions in the legislation 
     which fall within the Rule X jurisdiction of the House 
     Committee on Agriculture.
       In the interest of permitting your committee to proceed 
     expeditiously to floor consideration of this important bill, 
     I am willing to waive this committee's right to sequential 
     referral. I do so with the understanding that by waiving 
     consideration of the bill the House Committee on Agriculture 
     does not waive any future jurisdictional claim over the 
     subject matters contained in the bill which fall within its 
     Rule X jurisdiction. I request that you urge the Speaker to 
     name members of this committee to any conference committee 
     which is named to consider such provisions.
       Please place this letter into the committee report on H.R. 
     2500 and into the Congressional Record during consideration 
     of the measure on the House floor. Thank you for the 
     cooperative spirit in which you have worked regarding this 
     matter and others between our respective committees.
           Sincerely,
                                               Collin C. Peterson,
     Chairman.
                                  ____

                                         House of Representatives,


                                  Committee on Armed Services,

                                    Washington, DC, June 18, 2019.
     Hon. Collin Peterson,
     Chairman, Committee on Agriculture, House of Representatives, 
         Washington, DC.
       Dear Mr. Chairman: Thank you for your letter regarding H.R. 
     2500, the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 
     2020. I agree that the Committee on Agriculture has valid 
     jurisdictional claims to certain provisions in this important 
     legislation, and I am most appreciative of your decision not 
     to request a referral in the interest of expediting 
     consideration of the bill. I agree that by foregoing a 
     sequential referral, the Committee on Agriculture is not 
     waiving its jurisdiction. Further, this exchange of letters 
     will be included in the committee report on the bill.
           Sincerely,
                                                       Adam Smith,
     Chairman.
                                  ____

                                         House of Representatives,


                                  Committee on Appropriations,

                                    Washington, DC, June 14, 2019.
     Hon. Adam Smith,
     Chairman, Committee on Armed Services, House of 
         Representatives, Washington, DC.
       Dear Mr. Smith: I am writing to you concerning the bill 
     H.R. 2500, the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
     Year 2020. There are certain provisions in the legislation 
     which fall within the rule X jurisdiction of the Committee on 
     Appropriations.
       In the interest of permitting your Committee to proceed 
     expeditiously to floor consideration of this important bill, 
     I am willing to waive this Committee's right to sequential 
     referral. I do so with the understanding that by waiving 
     consideration of the bill the Committee on Appropriations 
     does not waive any future jurisdictional claim over the 
     subject matters contained in the bill which fall within its 
     rule X jurisdiction. I request that you urge the Speaker to 
     name Members of this Committee to any conference committee 
     which is named to consider such provisions.
       Please place this letter into the committee report on H.R. 
     2500 and into the Congressional Record during consideration 
     of the measure on the House floor. Thank you for the 
     cooperative spirit in which you have worked regarding this 
     matter and others between our respective committees.
           Sincerely,
                                                    Nita M. Lowey,
     Chairwoman.
                                  ____

                                         House of Representatives,


                                  Committee on Armed Services,

                                    Washington, DC, June 18, 2019.
     Hon. Nita M. Lowey,
     Chairwoman, Committee on Appropriations, House of 
         Representatives, Washington, DC.
       Dear Ms. Chairwoman: Thank you for your letter regarding 
     H.R. 2500, the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
     Year 2020. I agree that the Committee on Appropriations has 
     valid jurisdictional claims to certain provisions in this 
     important legislation, and I am most appreciative of your 
     decision not to request a referral in the interest of 
     expediting consideration of the bill. I agree that by 
     foregoing a sequential referral, the Committee on 
     Appropriations is not waiving its jurisdiction. Further, this 
     exchange of letters will be included in the committee report 
     on the bill.
           Sincerely,
                                                       Adam Smith,
     Chairman.
                                  ____

                                         House of Representatives,


                                      Committee on the Budget,

                                    Washington, DC, June 13, 2019.
     Hon. Adam Smith,
     Chairman, Committee on Armed Services,
     House of Representatives, Washington, DC.
       Dear Chairman Smith: I am writing to you concerning the 
     bill H.R. 2500, the National Defense Authorization Act for 
     Fiscal Year 2020. There are certain provisions in the 
     legislation which fall within the Rule X jurisdiction of the 
     Committee on the Budget.
       In the interest of permitting your committee to proceed 
     expeditiously to floor consideration of this important bill, 
     I am willing to waive this committee's right to sequential 
     referral. I do so with the understanding that by waiving 
     consideration of the bill the Committee on the Budget does 
     not waive any future jurisdictional claim over the subject 
     matters contained in the bill which fall within its Rule X 
     jurisdiction. I request that you urge the Speaker to name 
     members of this committee to any conference committee which 
     is named to consider such provisions.
       Please place this letter into the committee report on H.R. 
     2500 and into the Congressional Record during consideration 
     of the measure on the House floor. Thank you for the 
     cooperative spirit in which you have worked regarding this 
     matter and others between our respective committees.
           Sincerely,
                                                     John Yarmuth,
                                                         Chairman.

[[Page H5339]]

     
                                  ____
                                         House of Representatives,


                                  Committee on Armed Services,

                                    Washington, DC, June 18, 2019.
     Hon. John Yarmuth,
     Chairman, Committee on the Budget,
     House of Representatives, Washington, DC.
       Dear Mr. Chairman: Thank you for your letter regarding H.R. 
     2500, the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 
     2020. I agree that the Committee on the Budget has valid 
     jurisdictional claims to certain provisions in this important 
     legislation, and I am most appreciative of your decision not 
     to request a referral in the interest of expediting 
     consideration of the bill. I agree that by foregoing a 
     sequential referral, the Committee on the Budget is not 
     waiving its jurisdiction. Further, this exchange of letters 
     will be included in the committee report on the bill.
           Sincerely,
                                                       Adam Smith,
     Chairman.
                                  ____

                                         House of Representatives,


                             Committee on Education and Labor,

                                    Washington, DC, June 17, 2019.
     Hon. Adam Smith,
     Chairman, Committee on Armed Services,
     House of Representatives, Washington, DC.
       Dear Mr. Smith: I am writing to you concerning the bill 
     H.R. 2500, the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
     Year 2020. There are certain provisions in the legislation 
     which fall within the Rule X jurisdiction of the Committee on 
     Education and Labor.
       In the interest of permitting your committee to proceed 
     expeditiously to floor consideration of this important bill, 
     I am willing to waive this committee's right to sequential 
     referral. I do so with the understanding that by waiving 
     consideration of the bill the Committee on Education and 
     Labor does not waive any future jurisdictional claim over the 
     subject matters contained in the bill which fall within its 
     Rule X jurisdiction. I request that you urge the Speaker to 
     name members of this committee to any conference committee 
     which is named to consider such provisions.
       Please place this letter into the committee report on H.R. 
     2500 and into the Congressional Record during consideration 
     of the measure on the House floor. Thank you for the 
     cooperative spirit in which you have worked regarding this 
     matter and others between our respective committees.
           Sincerely,
                                                 Rep. Bobby Scott,
     Chairman.
                                  ____

                                         House of Representatives,


                                  Committee on Armed Services,

                                    Washington, DC, June 18, 2019.
     Hon. Bobby Scott,
     Chairman, Committee on Education and Labor,
     House of Representatives, Washington, DC.
       Dear Mr. Chairman: Thank you for your letter regarding H.R. 
     2500, the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 
     2020. I agree that the Committee on Education and Labor has 
     valid jurisdictional claims to certain provisions in this 
     important legislation, and I am most appreciative of your 
     decision not to request a referral in the interest of 
     expediting consideration of the bill. I agree that by 
     foregoing a sequential referral, the Committee on Education 
     and Labor is not waiving its jurisdiction. Further, this 
     exchange of letters will be included in the committee report 
     on the bill.
           Sincerely,
                                                       Adam Smith,
     Chairman.
                                  ____

                                         House of Representatives,


                             Committee on Energy and Commerce,

                                    Washington, DC, June 14, 2019.
     Hon. Adam Smith,
     Chairman, Committee on Armed Services,
     House of Representatives, Washington, DC.
       Dear Chairman Smith: I am writing to you concerning the 
     bill H.R. 2500, the ``National Defense Authorization Act for 
     Fiscal Year 2020''. Certain provisions in the legislation 
     fall within the jurisdiction of the Committee on Energy and 
     Commerce. In the interest of permitting your committee to 
     proceed expeditiously to floor consideration of this 
     important bill, the Committee will not request a sequential 
     referral and is waiving its right to said referral.
       The Committee takes this action with the understanding that 
     it is not waiving any jurisdictional claim over this and 
     similar legislation or the subject matters contained in the 
     bill, that it will be appropriately consulted and involved as 
     this legislation moves forward, and that its jurisdictional 
     interests over this and similar legislation are in no way 
     diminished or altered. I request that you urge the Speaker to 
     name members of this committee to any conference committee 
     that is named to consider such provisions. The Committee also 
     reserves the right to seek appointment to any House-Senate 
     conference on such legislation and requests your support in 
     the event the Committee makes such a request.
       Finally, I would appreciate a response to this letter 
     confirming this understanding and that you would place our 
     exchange of letters into the committee report on H.R. 2500 
     and the Congressional Record during consideration of the 
     measure on the House floor. Thank you for the cooperative 
     spirit in which you have worked with this committee regarding 
     this matter.
           Sincerely,
                                               Frank Pallone, Jr.,
     Chairman.
                                  ____

                                      Committee on Armed Services,


                                     House of Representatives,

                                    Washington, DC, June 18, 2019.
     Hon. Frank Pallone, Jr.,
     Chairman, Committee on Energy and Commerce,
     House of Representatives, Washington, DC.
       Dear Mr. Chairman: Thank you for your letter regarding H.R. 
     2500, the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 
     2020. I agree that the Committee on Energy and Commerce has 
     valid jurisdictional claims to certain provisions in this 
     important legislation, and I am most appreciative of your 
     decision not to request a referral in the interest of 
     expediting consideration of the bill. I agree that by 
     foregoing a sequential referral, the Committee on Energy and 
     Commerce is not waiving its jurisdiction. Further, this 
     exchange of letters will be included in the committee report 
     on the bill.
           Sincerely,
                                                       Adam Smith,
     Chairman.
                                  ____

                                         House of Representatives,


                              Committee on Financial Services,

                                    Washington, DC, June 14, 2019.
     Hon. Adam Smith,
     Chairman, Committee on Armed Services,
     House of Representatives, Washington, DC.
       Dear Mr. Chairman: I am writing to you concerning the bill 
     H.R. 2500, the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
     Year 2020. There are certain provisions in the legislation 
     which fall within the Rule X jurisdiction of the Committee on 
     Financial Services.
       In the interest of permitting your Committee to proceed 
     expeditiously to floor consideration of H.R. 2500, I am 
     willing to waive this Committee's right to sequential 
     referral and forego formal consideration of H.R. 2500 at this 
     time. I do so with the understanding that by waiving 
     consideration of the bill, the Committee on Financial 
     Services does not waive any future jurisdictional claim over 
     the subject matters contained in H.R. 2500 which fall within 
     the Committee's Rule X jurisdiction. I also do so under the 
     mutual understanding that the Committee on Financial Services 
     will be appropriately consulted and involved as this or 
     similar legislation moves forward. The Committee reserves the 
     right to seek appointment of an appropriate number of 
     conferees to any House-Senate conference involving H.R. 2500, 
     and I request that you urge the Speaker to name members of 
     this committee to any conference committee which is named to 
     consider such provisions.
       Please place this letter into the Committee report on H.R. 
     2500 and into the Congressional Record during consideration 
     of the measure on the House Floor. Thank you for the 
     cooperative spirit in which you have worked regarding this 
     matter between our respective committees.
           Sincerely,
                                                    Maxine Waters,
     Chairwoman.
                                  ____

                                      Committee on Armed Services,


                                     House of Representatives,

                                    Washington, DC, June 18, 2019.
     Hon. Maxine Waters,
     Chairwoman, Committee on Financial Services,
     House of Representatives, Washington, DC.
       Dear Ms. Chairwoman: Thank you for your letter regarding 
     H.R. 2500, the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
     Year 2020. I agree that the Committee on Financial Services 
     has valid jurisdictional claims to certain provisions in this 
     important legislation, and I am most appreciative of your 
     decision not to request a referral in the interest of 
     expediting consideration of the bill. I agree that by 
     foregoing a sequential referral, the Committee on Financial 
     Services is not waiving its jurisdiction. Further, this 
     exchange of letters will be included in the committee report 
     on the bill.
           Sincerely,
                                                       Adam Smith,
     Chairman.
                                  ____

                                         House of Representatives,


                                 Committee on Foreign Affairs,

                                    Washington, DC, June 18, 2019.
     Hon. Adam Smith,
     Committee on Armed Services,
     Washington, DC.
       Dear Mr. Chairman: I am writing to you concerning the bill 
     H.R. 2500, the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
     Year 2020. There are certain provisions in the legislation 
     which fall within the Rule X jurisdiction of the House 
     Foreign Affairs Committee.
       In the interest of permitting your committee to proceed 
     expeditiously to floor consideration of this important bill, 
     I am willing to waive this committee's right to sequential 
     referral. I do so with the understanding that by waiving 
     consideration of the bill the House Foreign Affairs Committee 
     does not waive any future jurisdictional claim over the 
     subject matters contained in the bill which fall within its 
     Rule X jurisdiction. I request that you urge the Speaker to 
     name members of this committee to any conference committee 
     which is named to consider such provisions.
       Please place this letter into the committee report on H.R. 
     2500 and into the Congressional Record during consideration 
     of the measure on the House floor. Thank you for the 
     cooperative spirit in which you have

[[Page H5340]]

     worked regarding this matter and others between our 
     respective committees.
           Sincerely,
                                                   Eliot L. Engel,
     Chairman.
                                  ____

                                         House of Representatives,


                                  Committee on Armed Services,

                                    Washington, DC, June 18, 2019.
     Hon. Eliot L. Engel,
     Chairman, Committee on Foreign Affairs,
     House of Representatives, Washington, DC.
       Dear Mr. Chairman: Thank you for your letter regarding H.R. 
     2500, the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 
     2020. I agree that the Committee on Foreign Affairs has valid 
     jurisdictional claims to certain provisions in this important 
     legislation, and I am most appreciative of your decision not 
     to request a referral in the interest of expediting 
     consideration of the bill. I agree that by foregoing a 
     sequential referral, the Committee on Foreign Affairs is not 
     waiving its jurisdiction. Further, this exchange of letters 
     will be included in the committee report on the bill.
           Sincerely,
                                                       Adam Smith,
     Chairman.
                                  ____

                                         House of Representatives,


                               Committee on Homeland Security,

                                    Washington, DC, June 17, 2019.
     Hon. Adam Smith,
     Chairman, Committee on Armed Services,
     House of Representatives, Washington, DC.
       Dear Mr. Smith: I am writing to you concerning H.R. 2500, 
     the ``National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 
     2020.'' There are certain provisions in the legislation which 
     fall within the Rule X jurisdiction of the Committee on 
     Homeland Security.
       In the interest of permitting your committee to proceed 
     expeditiously to floor consideration of this important bill, 
     I am willing to waive this committee's right to sequential 
     referral. I do so with the understanding that by waiving 
     consideration of H.R. 2500, the Committee on Homeland 
     Security does not waive any future jurisdictional claim over 
     the subject matters contained in the bill which fall within 
     its Rule X jurisdiction. I request that you urge the Speaker 
     to name members of this committee to any conference committee 
     which is named to consider such provisions.
       Please place this letter into the committee report on H.R. 
     2500 and into the Congressional Record during consideration 
     of the measure on the House floor. Thank you for the 
     cooperative spirit in which you have worked regarding this 
     matter and others between our respective committees.
           Sincerely,
                                               Bennie G. Thompson,
     Chairman.
                                  ____

                                         House of Representatives,


                                  Committee on Armed Services,

                                    Washington, DC, June 18, 2019.
     Hon. Bennie G. Thompson,
     Chairman, Committee on Homeland Security,
     House of Representatives, Washington, DC.
       Dear Mr. Chairman: Thank you for your letter regarding H.R. 
     2500, the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 
     2020. I agree that the Committee on Homeland Security has 
     valid jurisdictional claims to certain provisions in this 
     important legislation, and I am most appreciative of your 
     decision not to request a referral in the interest of 
     expediting consideration of the bill. I agree that by 
     foregoing a sequential referral, the Committee on Homeland 
     Security is not waiving its jurisdiction. Further, this 
     exchange of letters will be included in the committee report 
     on the bill.
           Sincerely,
                                                       Adam Smith,
     Chairman.
                                  ____

                                         House of Representatives,


                                   Committee on the Judiciary,

                                    Washington, DC, June 17, 2019.
     Hon. Adam Smith,
     Chairman, Committee on Armed Services,
     House of Representatives, Washington, DC.
       Dear Mr. Smith: I am writing to you concerning the bill 
     H.R. 2500, the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
     Year 2020. There are certain provisions in the legislation 
     which fall within the Rule X jurisdiction of the House 
     Committee on the Judiciary.
       In the interest of permitting your committee to proceed 
     expeditiously to floor consideration of this important bill, 
     I am willing to waive this committee's right to sequential 
     referral. I do so with the understanding that by waiving 
     consideration of the bill the Judiciary Committee does not 
     waive any future jurisdictional claim over the subject 
     matters contained in the bill which fall within its Rule X 
     jurisdiction. I request that you urge the Speaker to name 
     members of this committee to any conference committee which 
     is named to consider such provisions.
       Please place this letter into the committee report on H.R. 
     2500 and into the Congressional Record during consideration 
     of the measure on the House floor. Thank you for the 
     cooperative spirit in which you have worked regarding this 
     matter and others between our respective committees.
           Sincerely,
                                                   Jerrold Nadler,
     Chairman, House Committee on the Judiciary.
                                  ____

                                         House of Representatives,


                                  Committee on Armed Services,

                                    Washington, DC, June 18, 2019.
     Hon. Jerrold Nadler,
     Chairman, Committee on The Judiciary,
     House of Representatives, Washington, DC.
       Dear Mr. Chairman: Thank you for your letter regarding H.R. 
     2500, the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 
     2020. I agree that the Committee on the Judiciary has valid 
     jurisdictional claims to certain provisions in this important 
     legislation, and I am most appreciative of your decision not 
     to request a referral in the interest of expediting 
     consideration of the bill. I agree that by foregoing a 
     sequential referral, the Committee on the Judiciary is not 
     waiving its jurisdiction. Further, this exchange of letters 
     will be included in the committee report on the bill.
           Sincerely,
                                                       Adam Smith,
     Chairman.
                                  ____

                                         House of Representatives,


                               Committee on Natural Resources,

                                    Washington, DC, June 13, 2019.
     Hon. Adam Smith,
     Chairman, Committee on Armed Services,
     House of Representatives, Washington, DC.
       Dear Mr. Smith: I am writing to you concerning the bill 
     H.R. 2500, the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
     Year 2020. There are certain provisions in the legislation 
     which fall within the Rule X jurisdiction of the Committee on 
     Natural Resources.
       In the interest of permitting your committee to proceed 
     expeditiously to floor consideration of this important bill, 
     I am willing to waive the committee's right to sequential 
     referral. I do so with the understanding that by waiving 
     consideration of the bill, the Committee on Natural Resources 
     does not waive any future jurisdictional claim over the 
     subject matters contained in the bill which fall within its 
     Rule X jurisdiction. I request that you urge the Speaker to 
     name members of this committee to any conference committee 
     which is named to consider such provisions.
       Please place this letter into the committee report on H.R. 
     2500 and into the Congressional Record during consideration 
     of the measure on the House floor. Thank you for the 
     cooperative spirit in which you have worked regarding this 
     matter and others between our respective committees.
           Sincerely,
                                                 Raul M. Grijalva,
     Chairman, Committee on Natural Resources.
                                  ____

                                         House of Representatives,


                                  Committee on Armed Services,

                                    Washington, DC, June 18, 2019.
     Hon. Ral M. Grijalva,
     Chairman, Committee on Natural Resources,
     House of Representatives, Washington, DC.
       Dear Mr. Chairman: Thank you for your letter regarding H.R. 
     2500, the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 
     2020. I agree that the Committee on Natural Resources has 
     valid jurisdictional claims to certain provisions in this 
     important legislation, and I am most appreciative of your 
     decision not to request a referral in the interest of 
     expediting consideration of the bill. I agree that by 
     foregoing a sequential referral, the Committee on Natural 
     Resources is not waiving its jurisdiction. Further, this 
     exchange of letters will be included in the committee report 
     on the bill.
           Sincerely,
                                                       Adam Smith,
     Chairman.
                                  ____

                                         House of Representatives,


                            Committee on Oversight and Reform,

                                    Washington, DC, June 17, 2019.
     Hon. Adam Smith,
     Chairman, Committee on Armed Services,
     House of Representatives, Washington, DC.
       Dear Mr. Chairman: I am writing to you concerning H.R. 
     2500, the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 
     2020. There are certain provisions in the legislation which 
     fall within the Rule X jurisdiction of the Committee on 
     Oversight and Reform.
       In the interest of permitting your Committee to proceed 
     expeditiously to floor consideration of this important bill, 
     I am willing to waive this Committee's right to sequential 
     referral. I do so with the understanding that by waiving 
     consideration of the bill, the Committee on Oversight and 
     Reform does not waive any future jurisdictional claim over 
     the subject matters contained in the bill which fall within 
     its Rule X jurisdiction. I request that you urge the Speaker 
     to name Members of this Committee to any conference committee 
     which is named to consider such provisions.
       Please place this letter into the committee report on H.R. 
     2500 and into the Congressional Record during consideration 
     of the measure on the House floor. Thank you for the 
     cooperative spirit in which you have worked regarding this 
     matter and others between our respective Committees.
           Sincerely,
                                               Elijah E. Cummings,
     Chairman.
                                  ____

                                         House of Representatives,


                                  Committee on Armed Services,

                                    Washington, DC, June 18, 2019.
     Hon. Elijah E. Cummings,
     Chairman, Committee on Oversight and Reform,
     House of Representatives, Washington, DC.
       Dear Mr. Chairman: Thank you for your letter regarding H.R. 
     2500, the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 
     2020.

[[Page H5341]]

     I agree that the Committee on Oversight and Reform has valid 
     jurisdictional claims to certain provisions in this important 
     legislation, and I am most appreciative of your decision not 
     to request a referral in the interest of expediting 
     consideration of the bill. I agree that by foregoing a 
     sequential referral, the Committee on Oversight and Reform is 
     not waiving its jurisdiction. Further, this exchange of 
     letters will be included in the committee report on the bill.
           Sincerely,
                                                       Adam Smith,
     Chairman.
                                  ____

         House of Representatives, Committee on Science, Space, 
           and Technology,
                                    Washington, DC, June 14, 2019.
     Hon. Adam Smith,
     Chairman, Committee on Armed Services,
     House of Representatives, Washington, DC.
       Dear Mr. Smith: I am writing to you concerning the bill 
     H.R. 2500, the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
     Year 2020. There are certain provisions in the legislation 
     which fall within the Rule X jurisdiction of the Committee on 
     Science, Space, and Technology.
       In the interest of permitting your committee to proceed 
     expeditiously to floor consideration of this important bill, 
     I am willing to waive this committee's right to sequential 
     referral. I do so with the understanding that by waiving 
     consideration of the bill the Committee on Science, Space, 
     and Technology does not waive any future jurisdictional claim 
     over the subject matters contained in the bill which fall 
     within its Rule X jurisdiction. I request that you urge the 
     Speaker to name members of this committee to any conference 
     committee which is named to consider such provisions.
       Please place this letter into the committee report on H.R. 
     2500 and into the Congressional . Record during consideration 
     of the measure on the House floor. Thank you for the 
     cooperative spirit in which you have worked regarding this 
     matter and others between our respective committees.
           Sincerely,

                                        Eddie Bernice Johnson,

                                 Chairwoman, Committee on Science,
     Space, and Technology.
                                  ____

                                         House of Representatives,


                                  Committee on Armed Services,

                                    Washington, DC, June 18, 2019.
     Hon. Eddie Bernice Johnson,
     Chairwoman, Committee on Science, Space, and Technology, 
         House of Representatives, Washington, DC.
       Dear Ms. Chairwoman: Thank you for your letter regarding 
     H.R. 2500, the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
     Year 2020. I agree that the Committee on Science, Space, and 
     Technology has valid jurisdictional claims to certain 
     provisions in this important legislation, and I am most 
     appreciative of your decision not to request a referral in 
     the interest of expediting consideration of the bill. I agree 
     that by foregoing a sequential referral, the Committee on 
     Science, Space, and Technology is not waiving its 
     jurisdiction. Further, this exchange of letters will be 
     included in the committee report on the bill.
           Sincerely,
                                                       Adam Smith,
     Chairman.
                                  ____

                                         House of Representatives,


                                  Committee on Small Business,

                                    Washington, DC, June 10, 2019.
     Hon. Adam Smith,
     Committee on Armed Services,
     House of Representatives, Washington, DC.
       Dear Mr. Smith: I am writing to you concerning the bill 
     H.R. 2500, the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
     Year 2020. There are certain provisions in the legislation 
     which fall within the Rule X jurisdiction of the Committee on 
     Small Business.
       In the interest of permitting your committee to proceed 
     expeditiously to floor consideration of this important bill, 
     I am willing to waive this committee's right to sequential 
     referral. I do so with the understanding that by waiving 
     consideration of the bill the Committee on Small Business 
     does not waive any future jurisdictional claim over the 
     subject matters contained in the bill which fall within its 
     Rule X jurisdiction. I request that you urge the Speaker to 
     name members of this committee to any conference committee 
     which is named to consider such provisions.
       Please place this letter into the committee report on H.R. 
     2500 and into the Congressional Record during consideration 
     of the measure on the House floor. Thank you for the 
     cooperative spirit in which you have worked regarding this 
     matter and others between our respective committees.
           Sincerely,
                                               Nydia M. Velazquez,
     Chairwoman.
                                  ____

                                         House of Representatives,


                                  Committee on Armed Services,

                                    Washington, DC, June 18, 2019.
     Hon. Nydia M. Velazquez,
     Chairwoman, Committee on Small Business,
     House of Representatives, Washington, DC.
       Dear Ms. Chairwoman: Thank you for your letter regarding 
     H.R. 2500, the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
     Year 2020. I agree that the Committee on Small Business has 
     valid jurisdictional claims to certain provisions in this 
     important legislation, and I am most appreciative of your 
     decision not to request a referral in the interest of 
     expediting consideration of the bill. I agree that by 
     foregoing a sequential referral, the Committee on Small 
     Business is not waiving its jurisdiction. Further, this 
     exchange of letters will be included in the committee report 
     on the bill.
           Sincerely,
                                                       Adam Smith,
     Chairman.
                                  ____

                                         House of Representatives,


               Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure,

                                    Washington, DC, June 14, 2019.
     Hon. Adam Smith,
      Chairman, Committee on Armed Services,
     House of Representatives, Washington, DC.
       Dear Mr. Smith: I am writing to you concerning HR. 2500, 
     the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2020, 
     as amended. There are certain provisions in the legislation 
     that fall within the Rule X jurisdiction of the Committee on 
     Transportation and Infrastructure.
       In the interest of permitting your committee to proceed 
     expeditiously to floor consideration, I am willing to waive 
     this committee's right to sequential referral. I do so with 
     the understanding that by waiving consideration of the bill, 
     the Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure does not 
     waive any future jurisdictional claim over the subject 
     matters contained in the bill which fall within its Rule X 
     jurisdiction. I also request that you urge the Speaker to 
     name members of this Committee to any conference committee 
     which is named to consider such provisions.
       Please place a copy of this letter and your response 
     acknowledging our jurisdictional interest into the committee 
     report on H.R. 2500 and into the Congressional Record during 
     consideration of the measure on the House floor.
           Sincerely,
                                                 Peter A. DeFazio,
     Chair.
                                  ____

                                         House of Representatives,


                                  Committee on Armed Services,

                                    Washington, DC, June 18, 2019.
     Hon. Peter A. DeFazio,
     Chairman, Committee on Transportation & Infrastructure, House 
         of Representatives, Washington, DC.
       Dear Mr. Chairman: Thank you for your letter regarding H.R. 
     2500, the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 
     2020. I agree that the Committee on Transportation and 
     Infrastructure has valid jurisdictional claims to certain 
     provisions in this important legislation, and I am most 
     appreciative of your decision not to request a referral in 
     the interest of expediting consideration of the bill. I agree 
     that by foregoing a sequential referral, the Committee on 
     Transportation and Infrastructure is not waiving its 
     jurisdiction. Further, this exchange of letters will be 
     included in the committee report on the bill.
           Sincerely,
                                                       Adam Smith,
     Chairman.
                                  ____

                                         House of Representatives,


                                Committee on Veterans Affairs,

                                    Washington, DC, June 14, 2019.
     Hon. Adam Smith,
     Chairman, Committee on Armed Services,
     House of Representatives, Washington, DC.
       Dear Mr. Smith: I am writing to you concerning the bill 
     H.R. 2500, the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
     Year 2020. There are certain provisions in the legislation 
     which fall within Rule X jurisdiction of the Committee on 
     Veterans' Affairs.
       In the interest of permitting your committee to proceed 
     expeditiously to floor consideration of this important bill, 
     I am willing to waive this committee's right to sequential 
     referral. I do so with the understanding that by waiving 
     consideration of the bill the Committee on Veterans' Affairs 
     does not waive any future jurisdictional claim over the 
     subject matters contained in the bill which fall within its 
     Rule X jurisdiction. I request that you urge the Speaker to 
     appoint Committee on Veterans' Affairs members to any 
     conference committee which is named to consider such 
     provisions.
       Please place this letter into the committee report on H.R. 
     2500 and into the Congressional Record during consideration 
     of the measure on the House floor to memorialize our 
     understanding. Thank you for the cooperative spirit in which 
     you have worked regarding this matter and others between our 
     respective committees.
           Sincerely,

                                                  Mark Takano,

                                                         Chairman,
     Committee on Veterans' Affairs.
                                  ____

                                         House of Representatives,


                                  Committee on Armed Services,

                                    Washington, DC, June 18, 2019.
     Hon. Mark Takano,
     Chairman, Committee on Veterans Affairs,
     House of Represetatives, Washington, DC.
       Dear Mr. Chairman: Thank you for your letter regarding H.R. 
     2500, the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 
     2020. I agree that the Committee on Veterans' Affairs has 
     valid jurisdictional claims to certain provisions in this 
     important legislation, and I am most appreciative of your 
     decision not to request a referral in the interest of 
     expediting consideration of the bill. I agree that by 
     foregoing a sequential referral, the Committee on Veterans' 
     Affairs is not

[[Page H5342]]

     waiving its jurisdiction. Further, this exchange of letters 
     will be included in the committee report on the bill.
           Sincerely,
                                                       Adam Smith,
     Chairman.
                                  ____

                                         House of Representatives,


                                    Committee on Intelligence,

                                                    June 18, 2019.
     Hon. Adam Smith,
     Chairman, Committee on Armed Services,
     House of Representatives, Washington, DC.
       Dear Chairman Smith: I am writing to you concerning H.R. 
     2500, the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 
     2020. Certain provisions in the legislation fall within the 
     jurisdiction of the House Permanent Select Committee on 
     Intelligence (HPSCI), as set forth in Rule X of the House of 
     Representatives for the 116th1Congress.
       In the interest of permitting your committee to proceed 
     expeditiously to floor consideration of this important bill, 
     I am willing to waive this committee's right to sequential 
     referral. By waiving consideration of H.R. 2500, HP SCI does 
     not waive any future jurisdictional claim over the subjects 
     contained in the bill which fall within HPSCl's Rule 
     Xjurisdiction. I further request that you urge the Speaker to 
     appoint members of HPSCI to any conference committee which is 
     named to consider provisions addressing such subjects.
       Please place this letter into the committee report on H.R. 
     2500 and into the Congressional Record during consideration 
     of the measure on the House floor. Thank you for the 
     cooperative spirit in which you have worked regarding this 
     matter and others between our respective committees.
           Sincerely,
                                                   Adam B. Schiff,
     Chairman.
                                  ____

                                         House of Representatives,


                                  Committee on Armed Services,

                                    Washington, DC, June 18, 2019.
     Hon. Adam Schiff,
     Chairman, Permanent Select Committee on Intelligence, House 
         of Representatives, Washington, DC.
       Dear Mr. Chairman: Thank you for your letter regarding H.R. 
     2500, the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 
     2020. I agree thatthe Permanent Select Committee on 
     Intelligence has valid jurisdictional claims to certain 
     provisions in this important legislation, and I am most 
     appreciative of your decision riot to request a referral in 
     the interest of expediting consideration of the bill. I agree 
     that by foregoing a sequential referral, the Permanent Select 
     Committee on Intelligence is not waiving its jurisdiction. 
     Further, this exchange of letters will be included in the 
     committee report on the bill.
           Sincerely,
                                                       Adam Smith,
                                                         Chairman,

  Mr. THORNBERRY. Mr. Chairman, I yield myself such time as I may 
consume.
  Mr. Chairman, I first want to thank Chairman Smith and the members of 
the Armed Services Committee for the work they have put into developing 
this product over the course of the year. We have a number of new 
members on the committee, and I continue to be impressed with the 
seriousness with which they take their task, with the different 
insights based on their background and perspective. It has been very 
helpful.
  I also want to thank the staff. As you can tell, Mr. Chairman, from 
the size of the bill, as well as the number of amendments filed 
throughout the process, it is a big job, and a limited number of staff 
have worked very hard to get us to this point.
  I think maybe it is helpful to just step back for a second and talk 
about what this bill is about.
  The Preamble of the Constitution says that one of the reasons we have 
a government is to provide for the common defense, but Article I, 
Section 8 goes into specifics by putting the responsibility on 
Congress' shoulders to raise and support, provide and maintain the 
military forces for the United States.
  How well we do or do not do that job that the Constitution puts on us 
has real consequences. Literally, the life and death of the men and 
women who serve are at stake, as well as the security, the safety, and 
the well-being of men and women throughout the country. It is a 
significant responsibility, and, again, the Constitution says it is 
ours.
  Now, as the chairman noted, for 58 straight years, one of the ways we 
have fulfilled that responsibility under the Constitution has been to 
pass, and a President of both parties has signed, a National Defense 
Authorization Act. Fifty-eight straight years that has occurred. And 
most of that time, at least certainly in my experience over the last 25 
years, it has been done on a bipartisan basis.
  For example, in last year's bill, the committee reported the bill 
favorably by a vote of 60-1. The year before, it was 60-1. The year 
before that, it was 60-2. The year before that, it was 60-2. Last year, 
on final passage, the vote on this floor was 351-66. The year before 
that, it was 344-81.
  I could go on, but the point is, that there has been strong 
bipartisan support in fulfilling that essential responsibility under 
the Constitution.
  As you know, Mr. Chairman, this year is different. This year, the 
bill was reported out of committee by a vote of 33-24, and the reasons 
were serious, substantive disagreements with provisions that were in 
the bill.
  As the chairman, himself, said in, I believe, 2016: ``There is 
nothing shameful about making a legitimate policy choice to oppose the 
NDAA or any other bill. . . . Regardless of whether we support the NDAA 
or not, we all support the brave men and women of our military who 
defend the country.''
  I think the chairman was right then, and I think the statement is 
still true today.
  When the bill came out of committee, some of us had a hard time 
deciding whether to support it or not because there are many good 
elements in this bill. And it is absolutely true that, from the ground 
up, a number of Republicans, as well as Democrats, have worked together 
to contribute to this bill. My view was that there were some 
adjustments that could be made that would enable most Members to 
support it.
  Unfortunately, what has happened, as the bill now has come out of the 
Rules Committee, is, in my view, at least, unprecedented.
  First, the rule self-executes an amendment that has a number of 
serious issues. Now, a lot of them have serious support, but shouldn't 
they be on the floor so that we can talk about them, perhaps discuss 
offsets on some very challenging issues that we have grappled with over 
the years?
  But then when it comes to other amendments, I believe that of the 439 
made in order, 340 of them are Democratic-sponsored, 98 are Republican. 
That is not the way it has been before.
  Last year, more Democratic amendments were made in order on the floor 
than Republican amendments. The year before, it was just about exactly 
even. So we see the bill drifting in a particular direction.
  Most concerning, I think, in many respects, is, of the contested 
amendments--in other words, of those amendments about which there is a 
difference and there will be a debate and probably a vote--63 of them 
are sponsored by Democrats.

                              {time}  1715

  I believe there is just one sponsored by Republicans, Mr. Turner's on 
low yield. I don't believe there is another contested amendment that 
the rule has made in order.
  Now, the problem with that, Mr. Chairman, is there is virtually no 
opportunity to improve the bill.
  I think Chairman Smith made a very important point in the Rules 
Committee yesterday. He said it is with this bipartisan input and 
support, every step in the process that results in a better bill. And I 
think we have proven that time and time again.
  Unfortunately, that is not what we are seeing today.
  We have made a lot of progress in the last 2 years. As most Members 
know, starting in 2011, defense spending was cut in real terms about 20 
percent. Both Republicans and Democrats share responsibility for that, 
by the way. And both Democrats and Republicans share responsibility for 
making up about half of that amount in the last 2 years, but we haven't 
finished the job.
  As a matter of fact, a study in the Military Times earlier this year 
found that military aviation accidents have increased 40 percent over 
the past 5 years, but military aviation accident deaths hit a 6-year 
high in 2018.
  The point is, we made a good start at fixing our problems, but we 
have not finished the job. And that is part of the reason that some of 
us are so concerned about cutting the administration's request by $17 
billion, to fail to keep that momentum on fixing our readiness, on 
modernization, on research in key areas, all of the different 
categories in making sure that we continue to improve the situation for 
our troops.
  Mr. Chairman, there are a lot of good things in this bill, but they 
can't seem

[[Page H5343]]

to overcome the ways in which this bill takes steps backwards.
  I don't know. There are lots of things we could talk about. The 
bottom line, however, is there is only one thing that matters: does 
this bill adequately support our troops and American national security? 
There is really nothing else, no other criteria, that matters the way 
that that fundamental question does.
  I am concerned that this bill does not meet that standard. I know a 
number of my colleagues are concerned about that as well.
  We have hopes that at some point in the process, the bill will 
actually come closer to adequately supporting our troops and American 
national security, but it is not there yet. And I have concerns, given 
what the Rules Committee has done, that it will be hard to do so on 
this floor.
  Mr. Chair, I reserve the balance of my time.
  Mr. SMITH of Washington. Mr. Chair, I yield myself such time as I may 
consume.
  Mr. Chair, I will just say quickly that I completely agree with the 
ranking member. The question is, does this bill adequately support our 
national security?
  I don't think that is even debatable. There is no question that at 
$733 billion, with all the bipartisan provisions that we put in there, 
this bill more than adequately supports our troops and supports our 
national security.
  That is why I think it is so wrong that even in committee, the 
Republicans have decided to oppose it. It does more than adequately 
support.
  Now, there are things we disagree with, certainly, but I totally 
agree with that formulation. If you believe this bill at least 
adequately, I think more than adequately, supports it, you ought to 
vote for it.
  The only comment I will make on the floor amendments is we submitted 
480 on the Democratic side, the Republicans submitted 201. So, yes, 
there are going to be more Democratic amendments, because we, I guess, 
are a little bit more prolific in that regard, but there is not a 
partisan effort in that.
  Mr. Chair, I yield 3 minutes to the gentleman from New Jersey (Mr. 
Norcross), the chairman of the Tactical Air and Land Forces 
Subcommittee.
  Mr. NORCROSS. Mr. Chair, I thank the chairman for yielding and 
certainly for the work that we have all done, particularly under his 
leadership, to bring this to the floor.
  Mr. Chair, this bill continues that long tradition of transparent and 
bipartisan work by the Tactical Air and Land Forces Subcommittee to 
support the development and delivery of capabilities that make 
America's land forces the best in the world.
  Mr. Chair, I would like to thank our subcommittee ranking member, 
Mrs. Hartzler, for her collaboration and contribution to the bill. Both 
she and her staff have been helpful during this entire process. It is 
certainly what works well here in Congress. And I appreciate her 
commitment to the bipartisan tradition we proudly uphold on our 
subcommittee.
  The subcommittee mark was adopted by unanimous voice vote, which is 
indicative of how important it was to both Democrats and Republicans, 
but most importantly, Americans.
  This cooperation helped us focus on what is important: that we 
deliver a defense authorization act that meets the modernization and 
readiness requirements of our Nation's air and land forces.
  The committee used the $733 billion as a top line based on sworn 
testimony from military officials, and the $733 billion is the amount 
that would give our forces a competitive advantage, based on the 
capabilities of Russia and China, by 2025.
  In fact, the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, General Dunford, 
said that $733 billion:

       Is completely informed by the analysis conducted by the 
     military, for the path of capability development.

  This goes to the heart of the conversation that we are having here: 
Are we doing what is right? Certainly the military spelled that out in 
the number that they provided for the research, development, and 
acquisition of modern defense systems recommended by our military 
leaders.
  At the same time, this bill includes bipartisan provisions that 
increase our oversight of the Department's largest, most complex, and 
expensive programs to protect the taxpayers, support our troops, and 
boost American industry.

  Overall, this is a thoughtful, carefully constructed bill that 
emphasizes aggressive, effective oversight for the development of our 
country.
  Mr. THORNBERRY. Mr. Chairman, I yield 2 minutes to the distinguished 
gentlewoman from Missouri (Mrs. Hartzler).
  Mrs. HARTZLER. Mr. Chairman, I rise to express concerns regarding 
H.R. 2500, the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2020, 
specifically the overall top-line budget for the Department of Defense 
that is outlined in the bill.
  Senior military commanders, including General Dunford and Secretary 
Mattis, have testified that a 3 to 5 percent real growth in the defense 
budget top line is the minimum necessary to maintain readiness recovery 
and our competitive edge over peer adversaries like Russia and China.
  Regrettably, this bill in its current form reduces the President's 
budget request by $17 billion to achieve an arbitrary lower top line.
  To reach this lower top line, many critical modernization and 
readiness programs had funding reduced that will slow our recovery 
efforts. These programs include hypersonic munition development, 
precision-guided munitions, the Air Force Next Generation Air Dominance 
program, and F-15C spares and repair parts.
  I am concerned that we are creating conditions that could prohibit 
the realization of the National Defense Strategy and impact our ability 
to project credible deterrence at a time when we need it most, given 
the evolving threats that we now face.
  Mr. Chair, as the ranking member of the Tactical Air and Land Forces 
Subcommittee, I would like to thank our subcommittee chairman,   Donald 
Norcross, for his leadership and his bipartisanship.
  From a policy perspective, I am pleased with the legislative outcomes 
the subcommittee was able to accomplish with this bill. For example, 
the bill rightfully recognizes the importance of fifth generation 
strike fighter capability and also supports growing fighter force 
structure capacity through strong support for both the F-15EX and the 
F-35 programs.
  The bill appropriately provides oversight on vehicle Active 
Protection Systems for combat and tactical vehicles and authorizes 
additional funding for these critically needed systems.
  The NDAA has always been a product of bipartisan consensus, and I 
hope that as we go forward with the floor process, we can reach that 
level of consensus again.
  Mr. SMITH of Washington. Mr. Chairman, I yield 3 minutes to the 
gentleman from Rhode Island (Mr. Langevin), who is the chair of the 
Intelligence and Emerging Threats and Capabilities Subcommittee.
  Mr. LANGEVIN. Mr. Chair, I want to thank the gentleman for yielding.
  Today I rise in strong support of the fiscal year 2020 NDAA, and I 
would like to thank Chairman Smith for his work on this important 
legislation.
  I am particularly pleased with the provisions in the bill that were 
reported out of the Intelligence and Emerging Threats and Capabilities 
Subcommittee, which I chair.
  Mr. Chair, I want to also begin by thanking my subcommittee ranking 
member, Ms. Stefanik, for her contributions to this bill and her 
bipartisan partnership throughout the process.
  Befitting our focus on emerging capabilities, this bill provides for 
additional investments in cybersecurity as well as 5G technology, and 
additive manufacturing, and supports education programs to grow the 
STEM workforce.
  Recognizing the challenges of foreign intelligence services targeting 
academic institutions, the bill establishes a public-private 
partnership at the National Academies to address counterintelligence 
concerns, while maintaining an open and collaborative research 
environment.
  Provisions are included also to synchronize efforts and leverage best 
practices across the Department relating to network, industrial base, 
military installation, and weapon system cybersecurity. We strengthen 
oversight of military operations in cyber operations to ensure the 
administration's more assertive posture continues to promote stability 
in cyberspace.

[[Page H5344]]

  Several provisions in the bill also reflect my priority that Special 
Operations Forces remain a professional, agile, and ready force 
postured for high-end missions. In recognition, though, of the tragic 
three-fold increase of SOF suicides in 2018, the bill increases funding 
for suicide prevention. This bill also maintains a focus on 
professionalism and ethics of the force.
  The NDAA places significant emphasis on ensuring the Defense 
Intelligence Enterprise also is oriented to provide maximum support to 
Department requirements.
  The bill also requires more rigorous reporting on the progress of the 
Joint Artificial Intelligence Center and the technical achievements of 
Project Maven.
  Further, this legislation includes critical investments in our 
submarine fleet. I hail from the great State of Rhode Island, and we 
are deeply proud of our Nation's submarines, all of which start their 
journey being built at Quonset Point in my district. Thanks to the 
leadership of Congressman   Joe Courtney from Connecticut, this NDAA 
recognizes the unique contributions of our undersea vessels, and for 
the first time includes a third Virginia-class submarine.
  It also makes sustained investments in game-changing technologies, 
like electromagnetic railgun and directed energy weapon systems, 
positioning our warfighters to continue to dominate the battlefield for 
decades to come.
  Finally, the fiscal year 2020 NDAA makes measured investments that 
reflect both our many national security challenges and the fiscal 
realities that we face. It reflects the hard choices that our 
constituents demand on us when spending their tax dollars and it 
enhances congressional oversight to ensure those dollars are 
used wisely.

  Now, I have heard my colleagues across the aisle decry it as 
underfunding the military. Well, I fundamentally disagree.
  This is my 17th NDAA, and if this bill put our troops at risk, I 
would be the first to say so and I would not support it. It does not.
  The CHAIR. The time of the gentleman has expired.
  Mr. SMITH of Washington. Mr. Chair, I yield an additional 30 seconds 
to the gentleman from Rhode Island (Mr. Langevin).
  Mr. LANGEVIN. Mr. Chair, our military is the finest in the world, but 
there must be accountability and the Department must live within its 
means.
  Mr. Chair, I commend Chairman Smith for striking an appropriate 
balance with this NDAA, and I urge my colleagues to support it.
  Mr. THORNBERRY. Mr. Chairman, I yield 2 minutes to the distinguished 
gentleman from Virginia (Mr. Wittman).
  Mr. WITTMAN. Mr. Chairman, I thank the ranking member for yielding.
  Mr. Chair, I have supported every National Defense Authorization Act 
since I arrived in Congress 11 years ago.
  Unfortunately, in its current form, I rise in opposition to H.R. 
2500, the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2020.
  This bill does a number of good things. Notably, it includes an 
authorization of 11 ships, it reaffirms congressional support for 
midlife refueling of the USS John C. Stennis, it robustly supports the 
merchant marine with the reauthorization of the Maritime Security 
Program, and it provides for a new tanker security program that our 
services need.
  In summary, the bill did a good job with the resources that were 
provided.
  However, due to the decrement of $15 billion from the President's 
budget request, the bill imposed the limitations on low-yield nuclear 
weapons, restrictions on the President's request to secure the border, 
and an entirely avoidable failure to adequately restrict the 9/11 
detainees. All of these issues led me to oppose final passage of the 
NDAA in committee.
  In the Seapower and Projection Forces Subcommittee, the reduction of 
$15 billion will lead to delay in the construction of the next Ford-
class aircraft carrier by 1 year, eliminate a replenishment ship, 
reduce the Navy's innovation by limiting development of unmanned 
surface vessels, and restrict critical development of anti-mine warfare 
programs.

                              {time}  1730

  Additionally, this top-line reduction limited our subcommittee's 
flexibility to address critical shortfalls in amphibious ships and 
weapons. Simply put, we can do better.
  While I am concerned about the entirety of this current bill, I am 
not concerned about the bipartisan nature of our subcommittee. I want 
to specifically thank Chairman Courtney and his team for their 
extraordinary effort and their leadership toward a bipartisan 
subcommittee mark. He did extraordinary work reaching across the aisle 
and getting everybody's thoughts and ideas about what should be in the 
subcommittee mark, something that should also be part of every 
continuing effort subsequently. I have no doubt in his support for our 
national security, and I appreciate his dedication and passion for this 
effort.
  In the end, I am hopeful that our amendment debate in the following 
days will serve to make our bill a stronger, bipartisan bill. But in 
its current form, I urge my colleagues to oppose final passage.
  Mr. SMITH of Washington. Mr. Chair, I am pleased to yield 2 minutes 
to the gentleman from Tennessee (Mr. Cooper), chairman of the 
Subcommittee on Strategic Forces.
  Mr. COOPER. Mr. Chair, I thank the chairman for yielding.
  Mr. Chair, the Strategic Forces Subcommittee probably has the 
heaviest responsibility of any in Congress, or possibly in the world, 
because authorizing nuclear weapons affects the fate of the Nation and 
of the planet. I thank all of our subcommittee members and our 
wonderful staff for their hard work on this bill.
  The most important duty of our government is to defend the Nation, 
and the number one priority of the Defense Department is to make sure 
that we have safe, secure, reliable, and effective nuclear weapons. 
This subcommittee has a long tradition of bipartisanship on these vital 
issues.
  This bill upholds our commitment to maintaining a strong nuclear 
deterrent force. We owe it to our constituents, to our allies, and to 
the planet to strengthen and preserve the remarkable peace and 
prosperity that the world has known for the last 75 years.
  As an example, this bill funds the National Nuclear Security 
Administration at 4.3 percent over last year's appropriation, which 
also means a $608 million increase to the NNSA Weapons Activities 
programs.
  We take steps to reduce the risk of nuclear miscalculation. This bill 
denies President Trump's request for a new low-yield nuclear weapon for 
use on our nuclear submarines, a request that would undermine our 
security.
  The last 60 years of nuclear deterrent strategy were based, in large 
part, on the U.S. strategic nuclear submarine force, that most 
survivable leg of our triad, never being used for tactical nuclear 
weapons. Deploying another low-yield nuclear weapon, of which we have 
countless ones and other delivery systems, is not only unnecessary but 
a dangerous policy.
  We prioritize a production level of 30 plutonium pits a year and 
making this happen as soon as possible by 2026. This goal alone will be 
extremely challenging. We must set up NNSA for success.
  On arms control treaties, we continue to be challenged by the 
administration, which continues to try to upend treaties. This bill 
supports the Open Skies Treaty.
  Mr. Chair, I look forward to our colleagues supporting this important 
legislation.
  Mr. THORNBERRY. Mr. Chair, I am pleased to yield 2 minutes to the 
distinguished gentlewoman from New York (Ms. Stefanik).
  Ms. STEFANIK. Mr. Chair, I thank the ranking member for yielding.
  First, I thank my colleague and counterpart, Chairman  Jim Langevin, 
for his bipartisan work on this bill.
  As ranking member of the Subcommittee on Intelligence and Emerging 
Threats and Capabilities, I want to highlight some broad themes that I 
am supportive of in this bill.
  First, this bill is active in all areas of our subcommittee's 
jurisdiction. We continue our focus on emerging technologies, including 
manufacturing technologies that are fundamental to our advancements and 
scaling of

[[Page H5345]]

hypersonic weapons and directed energy. We also include an emphasis on 
basic research and the important contributions provided by universities 
and Department of Defense labs. And we enhanced capabilities and 
support for our Special Operations Forces, including additional funds 
for the Preservation of the Force and Families program.
  The bill also extends the National Security Commission on Artificial 
Intelligence, which is a provision I sponsored in section 1051 of last 
year's NDAA that created this Commission to advance the development of 
AI. The Commission's recommendations will help us maintain global 
leadership in AI research and prepare our citizens for an AI-enabled 
future.
  As a second broad theme, this bill continues the tradition of robust 
congressional oversight of sensitive military operations and 
activities, including cyber, counterterrorism, and intelligence. These 
are broad, bipartisan frameworks put in place several years ago by 
then-Chairman Mac Thornberry, as well as myself and subcommittee 
Chairman  Jim Langevin. I am pleased that we continue to advance these 
frameworks.
  As we move forward to debate and consider this NDAA, we should remind 
ourselves of our role in national security as a legislative body. It is 
our principal responsibility to protect our homeland and provide our 
men and women in uniform the tools and training they need to safely 
execute their dangerous missions on our behalf.
  I am very concerned about where our colleagues in the majority are 
taking this bill and whether we are fulfilling that duty. Despite 
Ranking Member Thornberry's hard work in committee to restore funding 
to $750 billion, this bill remains $15 billion short of 
the recommendations from former Secretaries of Defense, current Acting 
Secretaries of Defense, and senior military commanders.

  The CHAIR. The time of the gentlewoman has expired.
  Mr. THORNBERRY. Mr. Chair, I yield an additional 30 seconds to the 
gentlewoman from New York.
  Ms. STEFANIK. With the top-line of $735 billion, this bill would cut 
personnel accounts; limit programs that deter against great power 
competition, such as Russia and China; and severely regress all the 
efforts we have put in to recover readiness from the devastating blow 
of sequestration.
  While I support portions of this bill, and I supported this bill in 
committee, I am deeply concerned that it is moving in the wrong 
direction as this comes to the floor, that it fails to support the 
needs of our men and women in uniform, and that it does not reflect 
longstanding bipartisan tradition.
  Mr. Chair, I look forward to a full and fair debate on these issues, 
and I urge my colleagues to consider this lack of bipartisan support as 
they decide their vote on the final passage.
  Mr. SMITH of Washington. Mr. Chair, I am pleased to yield 2 minutes 
to the gentleman from Connecticut (Mr. Courtney), the chairman of the 
Subcommittee on Seapower and Projection Forces.
  Mr. COURTNEY. Mr. Chair, I rise in strong support of the 2020 
National Defense Authorization Act.
  As chair of the Seapower and Projection Forces Subcommittee, I 
believe this bill invests in critical priorities for our Nation in a 
new era of great power competition.
  On seapower, we responsibly scrubbed the portions of the President's 
budget request under our jurisdiction and identified savings that allow 
us to smartly provide for the ships, aircraft, and capabilities our 
Nation needs.
  This bill authorizes a $22 billion shipbuilding budget to construct 
11 battle force ships, including three Virginia-class submarines, three 
Arleigh Burke destroyers, one frigate, one LPD amphibious ship, one T-
AO oiler, and two salvage and rescue ships.
  Also, this bill will statutorily reverse the administration's 
baffling decision to cancel refueling the carrier USS Harry S. Truman, 
which would have squandered $538 million of sunk costs already paid for 
by the American taxpayers.
  Additionally, on sealift, we translated the urgent testimony from 
leaders at MARAD into real action by legislating a long-term 
reauthorization of the Maritime Security Program, creating a new tanker 
security program to secure our military's fuel supply, and establishing 
a new-build domestic sealift vessel program.
  This bill also provides strong support for our projection forces, 
including the KC-46 tanker, the B-21 long-range bomber, and the B-52 
re-engining program.
  Outside of seapower, the full committee worked hard to improve 
quality of life for servicemembers and their families. I am pleased 
that my amendment at committee is included in this bill, which reverses 
last year's callous DOD order blocking longer term servicemembers' 
ability to transfer their GI Bill benefits to eligible dependents.
  This mark would not have been possible without the work of my friend 
and ranking member,  Rob Wittman; our subcommittee staff, Phil 
MacNaughton, Dave Sienicki, and Megan Handal; and all our subcommittee 
members, particularly our new members, and their contributions to this 
year's bill.
  Overall, I am confident that the bill we will vote on later this 
week, which had significant bipartisan input, will meet the pressing 
needs of the sea services and protection forces and provide a historic 
boost of quality of life that our All-Volunteer Force deserves. I 
strongly encourage my colleagues to support this legislation when it 
comes to a vote Friday.
  Mr. THORNBERRY. Mr. Chair, I am pleased to yield 2 minutes to the 
distinguished gentleman from Colorado (Mr. Lamborn).
  Mr. LAMBORN. Mr. Chair, I thank the ranking member for yielding and 
for his leadership.
  Mr. Chair, as we consider H.R. 2500, the 2020 National Defense 
Authorization Act, it is important to remember that this bill is about 
ensuring the men and women in our Armed Forces and their families that 
they have what they need to defend our great Nation. We have done well 
in some respects, but we have come up regrettably short in other areas 
vital to our military.
  I am proud of the bipartisan work the Readiness Subcommittee 
completed under the leadership of my friend, Chairman Garamendi. We 
funded all MILCON projects on the unfunded requirements lists, 
prohibited nondisclosure agreements in privatized military family 
housing, directed development of a tenants' bill of rights, directed 
TRANSCOM to do a business case analysis before awarding a global 
household goods contract, and took major steps to address fluorinated 
firefighting foams.
  This bill comes to the floor as we emerge from a dangerous readiness 
crisis. We have made big strides to rebuild readiness while also 
modernizing for near-peer competitors, but we cannot move backward now.
  Secretary Mattis and General Dunford said we needed 3 to 5 percent 
real growth to keep our competitive edge against Russia and China. By 
not supporting the $750 billion request, we are not maintaining that 
edge.
  The bill does not support strategic priorities such as hypersonic and 
low-yield weapons, and it fails to fund almost $1.5 billion in key 
readiness accounts. It also failed to fund a high-value detainee 
complex at Guantanamo Bay.
  For these reasons, I could not support final passage of the NDAA out 
of committee. I am hopeful that we can improve the bill in a bipartisan 
way through the amendment process. Failing that, I will urge my 
colleagues to vote against final passage.
  Mr. SMITH of Washington. Mr. Chair, I am pleased to yield 2 minutes 
to the gentleman from California (Mr. Garamendi), the chairman of the 
Readiness Subcommittee.
  (Mr. GARAMENDI asked and was given permission to revise and extend 
his remarks.)
  Mr. GARAMENDI. Mr. Chair, I rise in support of this legislation. It 
is a good piece of legislation.
  I thank Chairman Smith; Ranking Member Thornberry; and my colleague, 
Mr. Lamborn, for working with our committee. We worked closely with 
members of the committee on and off to ensure that the bill addresses 
four priority areas affecting our military.
  First, we ask the question: Is the military ready for climate change? 
It is not. In the last 12 months, severe storms have devastated Marine 
Corps

[[Page H5346]]

Base Camp Lejeune, Marine Corps Air Station Cherry Point, Tyndall Air 
Force Base, and Offutt Air Force Base. This NDAA will accelerate and 
enhance readiness by requiring the Department of Defense to plan for 
and respond to the threat that climate change poses to military 
installations and operations.
  Second, the bill includes a number of bipartisan provisions aimed at 
addressing problems associated with the management and oversight of 
military housing for families.
  Third, the bill authorizes additional funding and includes bipartisan 
provisions to mitigate drinking water contamination resulting from 
fluorinated compounds used in military installations.
  Fourth, the bill continues to uphold the committee's responsibility 
to conduct oversight of, and provide support for, military training 
maintenance and infrastructure. For example, the mark authorizes $256.4 
billion, an $8.8 billion increase over fiscal year 2019 authorized 
levels, for operation and maintenance accounts. This includes an 
additional $834 million to address submarine and surface ship 
maintenance shortfalls and an additional $309 million for the Air Force 
weapon systems sustainment accounts. It also includes $11.5 billion for 
military construction, family housing, and implementation of previous 
Base Realignment and Closure activities.
  This includes $168 million above the budget request for construction 
projects associated with the European Deterrence Initiative and 
authorizes 31 additional programs.
  Mr. Chair, today I rise in support of the fiscal year 2020 National 
Defense Authorization Act (NDAA). I would like to start by thanking 
Chairman Smith and the House Armed Services Committee staff who have 
worked many long nights putting together this year's NDAA. The bill 
that is before the House is a good bill and I encourage my colleagues 
to support its passage.
  As the Chairman of the Readiness Subcommittee, I worked closely with 
members on and off the committee to ensure the bill addressed three 
priority areas affecting our military. First, the bill includes a 
number of bipartisan provisions aimed at addressing problems associated 
with the management and oversight of military family housing. The bill 
does the following:
  Requires the military services to establish a tenants' bill of rights 
for residents of privatized military family housing;
  Requires the Secretary of Defense to develop an assessment tool to 
identify and measure health and safety hazards in housing;
  Prohibits the use of non-disclosure agreements in connection with 
entering into, continuing, or terminating a lease for on-base military 
housing;
  Authorizes an additional $140.8 million to hire additional civilian 
personnel to improve oversight and management of military family 
housing; and
  Creates a public database for complaints related to military housing, 
requires annual financial audits of randomly selected privatized 
military family housing, and annual congressional reports on the 
condition, maintenance, and management of privatized military family 
housing.
  Second, the bill authorizes additional funding and includes 
bipartisan provisions to mitigate drinking water contamination 
resulting from fluorinated compounds around military installations:
  Prohibits the release of fluorinated firefighting foam (AFFF) at 
military installations except in cases of emergency response or in 
limited circumstances;
  Requires the Secretary of Navy to complete a new military 
specification by January 2025 for a fluorine free firefighting agent to 
be used at all DoD installations and a complete ban on fluorinated 
foams on military installations by September 2029, or sooner if 
possible;
  Authorizes the National Guard to access Defense Environmental 
Remediation Account funds, for five years, for the limited purpose of 
addressing Per- and Polyfluoroalkyl Substances (PFAS) exposure and 
contamination;
  Prohibits the use of fluorinated AFFF in training exercises and 
encourages the Department to ensure adequate training for individuals 
in regular contact with AFFF about the potential dangers associated 
with PFAS;
  Requires a report on the Department's understanding of best-practices 
for cleanup and disposal of PFAS;
  Provides an additional $121.3 million in environmental restoration 
accounts for remediation activities related to perfluorinated chemicals 
in drinking water on or near military installations; and
  Authorizes DoD to provide fresh water and treatment of contaminated 
water for agricultural purposes adjacent to a military installation 
where water is contaminated due to military activities.
  Third, the bill contains a number of sensible provisions requiring 
the Department of Defense to plan for and respond to the threat that 
climate change poses to military installations and military operations:
  Requires DoD to develop installation master plans that assess current 
climate vulnerabilities and plan for mitigating the risks;
  Limits DoD's ability to spend planning and design funds until it 
initiates the process of amending the building standards for military 
construction to ensure that building practices and standards promote 
energy, climate, and cyber resilience at military installations;
  Requires all proposals for military construction projects to consider 
potential long-term changes in environmental conditions, and 
increasingly frequent extreme weather events, as well as, industry 
best-practices to withstand extreme weather events;
  Authorizes an additional $40 million for the Department's Energy 
Resilience and Conservation Investment Program; and
  Directs the Secretary of Defense to develop a climate vulnerability 
and risk assessment tool to assist in providing standardized risk 
calculations of climate-related impacts to military installations and 
capabilities.
  Further, the bill also includes important provisions to reform border 
deployment and ensure funding for our military is spent wisely and as 
Congress intended, and not on an unnecessary border wall:
  It prevents the President from diverting Defense funding to pay for 
an unnecessary border wall;
  Includes a blanket prohibition on funding for the construction of a 
wall, barrier, or fence along the southern land border;
  Prohibits reprogramming of funds into the counter drug account, which 
has been used by the Administration to do construction along the 
southern land border;
  Does not include the $7.2 billion requested by the Administration to 
backfill MILCON projects and/or forward fund portions of the wall;
  Modifies an authority the DoD uses when deploying active duty 
personnel to the border to require all support to be reimbursable and 
require a wavier that the deployment won't affect readiness, the 
support task aligns with the unit's mission, the task is inherently 
government and can't be contracted; and
  Amends the emergency construction authority (10 USC 2808) to limit 
the total cost of military construction projects undertaken during a 
national emergency to $500 million, with a further limit of $100 
million for construction projects within the United States and would 
add elements to required congressional notifications.
  In addition, the bill continues to uphold the committee's 
responsibility to conduct oversight of, and provide support for, 
military training, maintenance, and infrastructure. For example, the 
mark authorizes $256.4 billion, an $8.8 billion increase over fiscal 
year 2019 authorized levels, for operation and maintenance accounts. 
This includes an additional $834 million to address submarine and 
surface ship maintenance shortfalls and an additional $309 million for 
Air Force weapon systems sustainment accounts. The mark also included 
$11.5 billion for military construction, family housing, and 
implementation of previous Base Realignment and Closure activities. 
This includes $168.6 million above the budget request for construction 
projects associated with the European Deterrence Initiative and 
authorization for 31 additional construction projects valued at over $1 
billion, that were not included in the budget request, but that the 
committee were able to accelerate from the military departments' 
unfunded priority lists.
  Additionally, this year's NDAA funds important priorities at Travis 
and Beale Air Force Bases in my district. The military construction 
projects authorized in this bill will support the new KC-46 mission at 
Travis Air Force Base and will improve resilience and power supply at 
Beale Air Force Base, enabling it to continue to support intelligence, 
surveillance, and reconnaissance (ISR) and multidomain operations.
  I'm proud of the funding authorized by, and legislative provisions 
included in the Readiness mark. I believe the mark ensures Congress 
fulfills its oversight responsibilities, helps advance our military's 
near-term readiness goals, and drives the Department to plan for and 
take action against long-term threats.
  I'm also pleased this NDAA includes a 3.1 percent pay raise for our 
troops and includes the text of my bill, H.R. 2617, the Occupational 
and Environmental Transparency Health Act. This will require DoD to 
input any Occupational Environmental Health hazards exposure into 
servicemembers' records while deployed, so it is tracked throughout 
their career and into veteran status. It will also require the VA to 
retroactively update records based on information contained in the Burn 
Pit Registry, since many veterans' health records do not account for 
their exposures.

[[Page H5347]]

  Additional provisions I'm pleased are included in the fiscal year 
2020 NDAA are included below, many of which are related to the critical 
oversight the Strategic Forces Subcommittee is conducting over our 
nuclear weapons enterprise:
  Requires a report from the Secretary of Defense on military-to-
military dialogue with foreign countries to reduce the risk of 
miscalculation, unintended consequences, or accidents that could 
precipitate a nuclear war;
  Prohibits funding for the deployment of new, low-yield nuclear 
missile warheads;
  Clarifies the Defense Nuclear Facilities Safety Board's authorities 
by providing prompt and unfettered access to defense nuclear facilities 
for independent nuclear oversight;
  Facilitates implementation of the Open Skies Treaty and prohibits 
funding for withdrawal unless Russia is in material breach or DoD and 
State provide a certification that withdrawal is in the best interest 
of national security and have consulted with U.S. allies;
  Increases funding for Nuclear Command, Control and Communications.
  Repeals the requirement to demonstrate plutonium pit production of at 
a rate of 80 pits per year by 2027, and instead prioritizes producing 
30 plutonium pits per year by 2026;
  Until the National Nuclear Security Administrator submits an analysis 
of alternatives with respect to replacing the ICBM W78 warhead, this 
bill cuts $103 million from the Ground-Based Strategic Deterrent, cuts 
$59 million from the related warhead, and fences remaining funding for 
the warhead;
  Requires an independent technical study of the W78 replacement and 
potential problems; and
  Repeals the conventional requirement for the Long Range Stand Off 
Weapon.
  I'm proud of the hard work that's been done to put together a strong 
National Defense Authorization Act this year, and I urge my colleagues 
to support the fiscal year 2020 NDAA.

                              {time}  1745

  Mr. THORNBERRY. Mr. Chairman, I yield 2 minutes to the distinguished 
gentleman from Mississippi (Mr. Kelly).
  Mr. KELLY of Mississippi. Mr. Chairman, I rise to express concerns 
with the FY20 NDAA in its current form.
  Specifically, I am concerned with the plan to cut $15 billion from 
the top line requested by the President and, more specifically, $1.2 
billion from the President's request for military personnel accounts.
  I spent 33 years in uniform serving the Nation but can't support this 
bill in its current form without changes to the amendment process. 
While it is true that personnel accounts have historically had money 
left over at the end of the year, several factors will likely make 
fiscal year 2020 different.
  Over the last few years, there have been funds left over associated 
with the transition to the new military-blended retirement system 
because fewer servicemembers are opting into the new retirement system 
than expected. However, the opt-in period ends this year, so there will 
be no leftover funds related to this in FY 2020.
  Also, in fiscal year 2019, the Army will likely fall short of its end 
strength goals by approximately 9,500 troops, which will result in 
excess funds for 2019 because fewer troops came into the Army. However, 
the Army is likely to meet their comparatively modest end strength goal 
of FY 2020, so there will likely be no excess funds relating to end 
strength.
  Finally, the 3.1 percent automatic pay raise and the proposed 
increase in total force end strength means that personnel costs will 
increase, not go down.
  In sum, there is likely to be no excess funding in the military 
personnel accounts in FY 2020.
  In addition, given the provisions in this bill that would greatly 
restrict reprogramming authority, I am concerned that, if personnel 
accounts are underfunded, the Department may not have sufficient 
transfer authority to reprogram funds to fix it.
  There are more important provisions in this bill, and I particularly 
want to thank Chairwoman Speier for her work in arriving at a 
bipartisan subcommittee mark. Specifically, the bill would provide 
important end strength increases and provide additional benefits for 
military spouses seeking employment.
  In closing, I want to thank Ranking Member Thornberry and Chairman 
Smith for their leadership. I am committed to continuing to work with 
my colleagues in a bipartisan manner to improve this bill which is so 
important for our troops and their families.
  Mr. SMITH of Washington. Mr. Chairman, I yield myself such time as I 
may consume.
  I would simply note that, in last year's NDAA, when the Republicans 
were in charge, they cut $751 million from the personnel account, and 
then the President, 6 months after that, took another $1 billion out of 
the personnel account to fund his wall.
  So, in last year's NDAA, which all of them enthusiastically 
supported, the personnel account was cut by $1.7 billion. We do not 
simply rubber-stamp the President's request and never have. What we are 
doing this year is perfectly in keeping with past history.
  I yield 2 minutes to the gentlewoman from California (Ms. Speier), 
the chair of the Military Personnel Subcommittee.
  Ms. SPEIER. Mr. Chairman, I am proud to speak in support of this 
bipartisan bill that contains the priorities of both parties. And while 
it wasn't unanimous, it does nothing to change our responsibilities to 
give military members and families bipartisan support. We did that in 
the Military Personnel Subcommittee, and I thank Ranking Member Kelly 
for his work.
  This bill contains two landmark achievements for our servicemembers 
and their families. It institutes a comprehensive fix to the festering 
problem of the so-called widow's tax, ensuring that surviving widows or 
widowers won't have their DOD and VA benefits offset.
  I was once a widow. I know the pain and the emptiness. We must take 
care of the spouses who sacrifice so much for our Nation.
  This bill rectifies a grievous denial of rights to servicemembers who 
are victims of malpractice at military medical facilities by allowing 
Active-Duty servicemembers to sue the Department for malpractice. For 
more than a half century, those who put their lives on the line have 
had fewer legal rights to sue for malpractice than prisoners in Federal 
prisons.
  This bill moves the ball forward on other personnel priorities by 
funding a 3.1 percent pay raise; shortening childcare backlogs; 
improving sexual assault prevention and response, including at the 
service academies; promoting spousal employment; creating a housing 
ombudsman; and giving TRICARE beneficiaries the same contraception 
coverage benefits as all other Americans.
  The bill also provides a historic 12 weeks of family and medical 
leave to Federal employees and congressional staff.
  Mr. Chairman, we owe servicemembers and their families. We owe them 
this important set of benefits.
  Mr. THORNBERRY. Mr. Chairman, I am pleased to yield 2 minutes to the 
distinguished gentleman from Ohio (Mr. Turner).
  Mr. TURNER. Mr. Chairman, I am disappointed by the fiscal year 2020 
National Defense Authorization Act that is offered here on the floor 
today. This bill represents a significant deviation from our past 
sentiment of bipartisanship.
  Now, the Senate has passed their bill by 86 votes, but not the House, 
not this year. This bill, in its totality, makes us less safe, which is 
why it does not have bipartisan support on this floor.
  Chairman Smith said that we were able to negotiate through a few 
things, and that is right. But there are also some that we were not, 
and one of them is a big one, and it is why there is not one Republican 
who voted in the Subcommittee on Strategic Forces for the bill to come 
out of subcommittee, and not one Republican in the full committee voted 
for the Strategic Forces portion of this bill to be referred to the 
full committee and to this floor.
  That is because it contains a provision that can only be described as 
unilateral nuclear disarmament. It is unilateral because it does not 
involve anybody else; it only inhibits us. It is nuclear because it 
involves our nuclear weapons; and it is disarmament because it recalls 
a nuclear weapon.
  It prohibits the use of funds for the deployment of low-yield 
ballistic missile warheads that have already been funded and produced 
and are to be deployed on a bipartisan basis. Efforts by Congress to 
recall these assets from deployment is unilateral disarmament.
  Now, even if you are against nuclear weapons, you should be against 
the

[[Page H5348]]

other side having nuclear weapons, and that means that you should be 
pursuing restrictions by treaty.
  Imagine how this conversation is going to go in Moscow. Someone in 
the Kremlin is going to walk into Vladimir Putin's office, and they are 
going to say: Vlad, you have modernized our nuclear weapons. You have 
invaded our neighbors. You have threatened the U.S. and our adversaries 
and their allies. And now, the U.S. Congress has just voted to 
unilaterally pull the low-yield nuclear weapon that was scheduled for 
deployment.
  Putin is not going to believe them. He is going to think that this is 
a joke, because no one would believe that the United States Congress in 
the National Defense Authorization Act would reward Russian aggression 
in this bill by pursuing unilateral nuclear disarmament.
  I am comforted that many of these provisions will never become law. I 
never thought I would say this, but I am going to: Thank God for the 
Senate.
  I encourage my colleagues to oppose this bill and oppose unilateral 
nuclear disarmament.
  Mr. SMITH of Washington. Mr. Chairman, I yield myself such time as I 
may consume.
  It is a unique way of looking at the world to describe a nation that 
has literally thousands of nuclear weapons as unilaterally disarming. I 
assure the public, we are not doing that.
  Mr. Chairman, I yield 1\1/2\ minutes to the gentleman from Maryland 
(Mr. Brown), a member of the committee.
  Mr. BROWN of Maryland. Mr. Chairman, I thank Chairman Smith for 
unprecedented bipartisanship in bringing this bill to the floor.
  This year's NDAA provides the strategic funding we need to maintain a 
robust military that can tackle our global challenges, reversing the 
President's soft stance on Russia by bolstering the European Deterrence 
Initiative with our NATO allies, and collaborating with our allies to 
contain North Korea and counter China's expansionist moves throughout 
the Indo-Pacific.
  It makes greater investments in training, equipping, and providing 
for our Armed Forces, funding a 3.1 percent pay raise for 
servicemembers, the largest in a decade.
  In this year's NDAA, we have the opportunity to increase research 
capacity for Historically Black Colleges and Universities. We empower 
the Department of Defense to identify the scope of white nationalism, 
extremism, and violent misogyny in the military, and we pursue a new 
diversity and inclusion strategy within the DOD to ensure minorities 
are more fully represented in our officer corps.
  We also rise to the challenge set forth before us and reverse some of 
the administration's worst policy decisions. We deny the increase of 
low-yield nuclear warheads that would lower the threshold for nuclear 
war. We prevent the President's use of the military as a piggy bank for 
his border wall.
  With additional amendments, we will allow transgender Americans to 
openly and honorably serve our country in uniform, and we will ensure 
that the President cannot put us on the path to war without 
congressional approval.
  It is clear that we will pass, perhaps, the most progressive and 
robust defense authorization in years, and I am proud to support it.
  Mr. THORNBERRY. Mr. Chairman, I am pleased to yield 1 minute to the 
gentleman from Michigan (Mr. Bergman), a general new to the committee, 
but not new to national security.
  Mr. BERGMAN. Mr. Chairman, I rise today with disappointment. What was 
once a bipartisan bill is now a vehicle for policies that hinder our 
readiness and our defense capabilities.
  For almost 60 years, the NDAA has been a bipartisan endeavor. The 
NDAA fulfills the number one role of Congress: to provide for our 
common defense. But House Democratic leadership has turned this into 
yet another partisan bill.
  Let me be clear. I support a pay raise for our troops. I support 
providing all warfighters with the best resources available and a 
National Defense Authorization Act that empowers America and our 
allies. But, unfortunately, this bill, in its current form, poses a 
significant threat to our ability to carry out the national defense 
strategy now and in the years ahead.
  As President Reagan often said of our national defense strategy, 
``Peace through strength.'' This bill does not--I repeat, does not--
show strength. We can and must do better.
  Mr. SMITH of Washington. Mr. Chairman, I am pleased to yield 1\1/2\ 
minutes to the gentlewoman from Michigan (Ms. Slotkin), a member of the 
Armed Services Committee.
  Ms. SLOTKIN. Mr. Chairman, I rise in support of the NDAA.
  I want to thank Chairman Smith, the entire committee, Members on the 
other side of the aisle, and staff on the other side of the aisle.
  Funding our national defense is and should always be a bipartisan 
priority. We have created a bill that is strong on defense and stays 
true to our values as a country. This bill includes important 
provisions that all Americans can get behind:
  It funds our military at the highest levels in history and ensures 
the readiness of our forces;
  It includes a 3.1 percent pay raise for our servicemembers;
  It strengthens provisions to combat foreign information operations, 
protecting us from foreign adversaries that wish us harm;

  It enhances our military's resilience to climate change, which poses 
a growing threat to national security; and
  It ensures protections for military families.
  As a former Pentagon official, as an Army wife with a stepdaughter 
serving on Active Duty right now, I firmly believe that we have a 
solemn responsibility to our men and women to pass a bill that funds 
our military. Failure to do so, despite concerns about certain 
provisions, would be an abdication of that responsibility.
  This bill also funds priorities that are important to the economies 
and the safety of our local communities and our districts. I fought 
hard to include provisions that directly impact my community in 
Michigan and communities like ours across the country.
  The NDAA will reduce PFAS contamination by phasing out the 
firefighting foam with PFAS chemicals and ask the Pentagon to come up 
with a plan of action on how they plan to transition and clean up PFAS 
sites.
  This NDAA includes provisions that help States like Michigan 
capitalize on our unique capabilities in autos, cyber, robotics, and 
software to help fuel innovation at the Defense Department.
  I urge my colleagues to support this bill.
  Mr. THORNBERRY. Mr. Chairman, I am pleased to yield 1 minute to the 
gentleman from Tennessee (Mr. DesJarlais).
  Mr. DesJARLAIS. Mr. Chairman, I thank the ranking member for 
yielding.
  Mr. Chair, I rise to express my concern and frustration with this 
bill in its current form. While I appreciate the work done on this 
NDAA, the legislation simply doesn't provide our military men and women 
with the resources needed to adequately protect the homeland and could 
negatively impact facilities in and around the Fourth District of 
Tennessee, including Arnold Air Force Base, Redstone Arsenal, Oak Ridge 
National Laboratory, and the Y-12 National Security Complex.
  Whether it be refusing to deploy the W76-2 tactical nuclear weapon to 
deter Russian aggression or underprioritizing funding for research and 
development of next-generation capabilities, such as hypersonic weapons 
and directed energy, this NDAA does not adequately meet the 
requirements for addressing challenges posed from our adversaries.

                              {time}  1800

  Finally, this NDAA highlights my colleagues' continuing disregard for 
the national emergency occurring at our southern border. This bill 
prevents the DOD from playing a role in addressing the crisis. Our 
military's number one responsibility is to protect the homeland. If my 
Democratic colleagues refuse to provide funding for DHS to secure the 
border, then the military must have a role.
  Mr. Chairman, this bill, from its funding top line to its policy, 
does not support our military or our security appropriately. For that 
reason, I cannot support this bill, and I urge my colleagues to vote 
``no.''

[[Page H5349]]

  

  Mr. SMITH of Washington. Mr. Chairman, I yield 1\1/2\ minutes to the 
gentlewoman from Texas (Ms. Escobar), who is a member of the committee.
  Ms. ESCOBAR. Mr. Chairman, I am proud to have helped craft this 
year's National Defense Authorization Act. This fiscal year 2020 bill 
incorporates ideas from both sides of the aisle to deliver essential 
support and a pay raise to our deserving men and women in uniform.
  Our bill authorizes $733 billion to provide for a smart and robust 
national defense, enhances housing and financial support for military 
families, and addresses operational and budgetary threats posed by 
climate change.
  I was pleased to share with my Armed Services Committee colleagues 
the innovative work happening in districts like mine which are home to 
some of the military's core training installations. This includes Fort 
Bliss' leadership on net-zero energy and ongoing partnership with the 
VA that improves soldiers' medical expertise, while also serving our 
local veterans.
  I was proud to support our vibrant El Paso community by advancing a 
community infrastructure support program and ensuring promising 
technologies like additive manufacturing, and the unique contributions 
of our small businesses that always have a place in building our 
national defense.
  Finally, our bill enhances diversity and inclusion efforts in our 
armed services, improves oversight and accountability of DOD support to 
DHS and, yes, blocks the President from robbing finite military 
resources for a wall that our military never requested.
  This is a bill we can all be proud of. I look forward to casting my 
vote in support.
  Mr. Chairman, I thank the chairman for his leadership, and I urge my 
colleagues to support it as well.
  Mr. THORNBERRY. Mr. Chairman, I yield 1 minute to the distinguished 
gentleman from Michigan (Mr. Mitchell).
  Mr. MITCHELL. Mr. Chairman, I thank Mr. Thornberry for yielding me 
time.
  It has been a pleasure to be on two committees that have historically 
been bipartisan, the House Armed Services and Transportation and 
Infrastructure. As was indicated, historically this has been a 
bipartisan bill. Last year it passed out of committee with one ``no'' 
vote. The Senate achieved it. It passed the Senate Armed Services 
Committee unanimously, and it passed the Senate 86-8.
  Yet, here we stand because, Mr. Chairman, bipartisanship is not 
simply counting percentages of amendments that were brought to the 
floor and passed.
  There are significant issues that we are not dealing with in this 
bill. While we give people an additional pay raise, a significant raise 
to military, we cut funding that impacts modernization, readiness and 
training, and cuts military funding $1.2 billion.
  Further, the bill neglects to address something that has had 
bipartisan support for a long period of time which is nuclear 
readiness, our nuclear triad. Here we take a hatchet to it as well.
  I stress that we must make a bipartisan effort to bring a bill to 
this floor that supports our military consistently and not have 
partisan politics take over our military. I support that, I reject this 
bill, and I urge my colleagues to do the same.
  Mr. SMITH of Washington. Mr. Chairman, I yield 1 minute to the 
distinguished gentleman from Maryland (Mr. Hoyer), who is the majority 
leader.
  Mr. HOYER. Congratulations, Chairman Smith, on bringing to the floor 
an excellent bill. I want to also congratulate Mr. Thornberry from 
Texas, a responsible Member of this Congress, a responsible member of 
the minority, and a person who has been a strong voice on behalf of 
national defense.
  Mr. Chairman, I rise in strong support of this year's defense 
authorization bill. It makes smart, strategic investments in our 
military to keep America safe and defend our interests overseas, and it 
reflects core values.
  We are proud to fund the Department of Defense. I have been in this 
body for some 38 years. I have supported every Defense bill. Now, when 
I say that, very frankly, we have had some political fights back and 
forth and there have been political votes cast where we thought that 
there were things being done that shouldn't be done. But I have 
supported a strong national defense. I supported most of Ronald 
Reagan's build-up which was, by the way, started by Jimmy Carter.
  I have supported making sure that we had weapons we needed and the 
personnel we needed.
  We are proud as Democrats to stand behind our men and women in 
uniform. As a matter of fact, some of the great victories of democracy 
have been led by people like Woodrow Wilson in World War I, Franklin 
Roosevelt in World War II, Harry Truman in Korea, and John Kennedy 
confronting communism and authoritarianism, the people who want to rule 
by armed might.
  This bill, the first written by a Democratic majority in 8 years, 
raises military pay by 3.1 percent and recognizes the contribution of 
our men and women in uniform. It supports a stronger military by 
prohibiting funding for discrimination against transgender, that denies 
us the talents and courageous service of patriotic Americans.
  Now, that has happened before, and Harry Truman stepped in and said 
that, no, we are not going to segregate our services. We are not going 
to discriminate against those of color in our services. He said that in 
the 1940s, post-World War. And there were some who said that would 
destroy our military effectiveness. They are saying the same thing 
about gays and transgender. They were wrong then; they are wrong now.

  This bill cuts $17 billion. The chairman, the ranking member, and I 
had discussions through the years. We need to make sure that we spend 
our money smartly and not just blindly spend money. We need to make 
sure that every dollar is spent effectively, but that our national 
security is not in any way undermined. I believe the savings that have 
been effected are focused and that we are taking that money and using 
it for effective items and taking it away from an expensive and 
ineffective wall on the southern border that the President wants to 
spend money on.
  It also acknowledges the serious national security challenges posed 
by climate change. Surely, we know how critical to our national 
security the effects of climate change are showing. We experienced that 
just the other day here in Washington, D.C.
  It requires the Pentagon to develop a plan, along with others in our 
government, as to how we can confront, effectively and on behalf of our 
national security, climate change.
  This bill also accelerates the closure--long overdue--it is not the 
American way to hold people without finding out whether they are, in 
fact, guilty or not. I have been to Guantanamo. Nobody in America ought 
to talk about how much it costs to incarcerate somebody in America, 
because it is about one-tenth or one-twentieth of what it is costing us 
in Guantanamo. You talk about fiscal responsibility.
  I am deeply disappointed that my Republican friends are bucking a 
long tradition. I did not like everything in your Defense bill. I 
disagreed sincerely with some of the provisions that you put in your 
Defense bill, and I voted for the Defense bills you offered on this 
floor because I thought they were in the best interests of our 
country--not perfect--but in the best interests of our country, of our 
military, and of our national security.
  I am sorry that that is not happening today or tomorrow or Friday 
when we vote on it. This bill ought to have bipartisan support. It 
ought to have bipartisan support for our military, and if the 
situations were reversed, my Republican colleagues would be accusing 
Democrats of not supporting our national security, not supporting our 
troops, not supporting the men and women who are put at the point of a 
spear, in harm's way, many paying the ultimate price. That is what you 
would have accused us of.
  How sad it is that some in this House are choosing loyalty to the 
President and their party over a common commitment to our troops--tough 
words, but I think true. Republicans object to this bill because they 
claim it does not meet their demands for $750 billion. Until March of 
this year, however, they were demanding exactly the number in this 
bill. Some on my side of the aisle

[[Page H5350]]

think this sum is too high. Mr. Smith, the Speaker, and I urged our 
colleagues to adopt this number because it was a bipartisan number--not 
the perfect number.
  More than 70 Republican Members out of your 194 wrote to the 
President citing the same number as their preferred figure for defense 
investment. That is the number the Pentagon used for the previous year 
around which it built its budget.
  That is what Joseph Dunford--Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, 
General Dunford, said was the number the Pentagon needed ``after 
scrubbing every account,'' $733 billion. That is the figure we included 
in this bill. That is the figure that you are prepared to vote against.
  Ranking Member Thornberry, who is my friend and whom I respect and 
whom I have just spoken of, penned an op-ed that President Trump must 
``move forward with the $733 billion budget he originally proposed for 
2020.''
  We took your number, and, yes, there are some things you don't agree 
with in this bill, but there were things we didn't agree with. Very 
frankly, there are very few bills that we consider on this floor that I 
agree with 100 percent. But we are a democratic body. We are a 
collective, collegial body, and we try to reach consensus.
  We took your number. We took the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of 
Staff's number. Indeed, at the same time that Republicans are arguing 
that $733 billion isn't enough, the White House is calling for a 
continuing resolution that spends far less. A former Member of this 
body originally suggested sequester which would devastate our national 
security and our domestic security.
  As Chairman Adam Smith has stated, to claim that $733 billion is an 
abdication of our responsibility to fund our troops is patently 
ridiculous and contrary to the representations that have been made on 
your side of the aisle.
  They claim this bill is partisan. That is absurd. The bill includes 
more than 53 percent of the amendments offered by Republican Members--a 
higher figure than Democratic amendments in the bill. Chairman Smith's 
staff worked tirelessly and collegially with Republicans for months to 
ensure that the defense authorization bill would be bipartisan as this 
legislation has been historically.
  Of course, there are provisions in this bill with which Republicans 
disagree. I would be shocked if that were not the case. There are 
probably going to be some provisions in there that I disagree with. 
That doesn't mean they should vote against this entire bill, however, 
Mr. Chairman. Democrats supported this bill when we were in the 
minority over the last 8 years--check the record--even when Republicans 
forced controversial measures into it because we believed it was 
important to support our military. We voted for it over serious 
objections on policy because we viewed it as a must-pass bill.
  Where has that bipartisanship on national security gone?
  Is it just a strategy to defeat this bill?
  I am convinced that we are going to have 218-plus Democrats vote for 
this bill, Mr. Chairman. I urge my Republican colleagues to reconsider 
their opposition and vote for their number and put country over party.
  To my Democratic colleagues, I say: This is a strong Defense bill, as 
good as you are going to get. It protects LGBT rights and advances 
family leave. It loosens the heinous restrictions on transferring 
prisoners from Guantanamo Bay. Opposing this bill means we will be 
stuck with a Senate version that omits these provisions.
  I thank Chairman Smith and members of the Armed Services Committee 
for their hard work, and I thank the ranking member. I congratulate you 
both on producing a very strong, very positive bill. You did that 
together.
  Do not abandon your work. I hope that it will pass with resounding 
support from both sides of the aisle. Our troops in harm's way deserve 
that affirmation, that trust, that faith, that commitment. Let's not 
let them down.
  The CHAIR. Members are reminded to address their remarks to the 
Chair.

                              {time}  1815

  Mr. THORNBERRY. Mr. Chairman, I yield myself 2 minutes.
  Mr. Chairman, I appreciate the remarks of the majority leader. I know 
from some personal experience it is certainly not easy to hold your 
side of the aisle and the other side of the aisle together to have the 
sort of votes like we had--351, 349, and so forth--to pass this bill.
  That is part of the reason I began my remarks by pointing out this is 
different. I am not sure that great Democrats of the past--Roosevelt, 
Truman, and Kennedy--would recognize this defense bill that is before 
us, much less the amendments that we see coming down the pike.
  I just want to emphasize two points, briefly:
  One, is we have lots of quotes being thrown around here about what 
General Dunford has said or what he has not said. I don't have his 
words from a transcript, but what I do have is Defense News, June 13, 
2017, where he says, directly: ``We now know that continued growth in 
the base budget of at least 3 percent above inflation is the floor 
necessary to preserve just the competitive advantage we have today, and 
we can't assume our adversaries will remain still.''
  Consistent testimony from Dunford, Mattis, Shanahan, et cetera, is 
that the floor is 3 percent, and I think statements to the contrary do 
not reflect his view.
  Secondly, the majority leader said something like: Loyalty to the 
President over loyalty to our troops.
  I want to quote back Chairman Smith's comments that I mentioned 
earlier, and expand a bit.
  Chairman Smith said, when he voted against the bill on the floor: 
``There is nothing shameful about making a legitimate policy choice to 
oppose the NDAA or any other bill. But it is hypocritical and the 
height of shameless partisan pandering for him''--and he was referring 
to Speaker Boehner--``to now claim that a vote against the NDAA is a 
vote against the troops. It is not. Regardless of whether you support 
the NDAA or not, we all support the brave men and women of the military 
who defend this country.''
  I think this side of the aisle, we have nothing to apologize for in 
our support of the troops and American national security. We want a 
better product, and I hope that at some point we will get it.
  Mr. Chair, I reserve the balance of my time.
  Mr. SMITH of Washington. Mr. Chair, may I inquire as to how much time 
each side has remaining.
  The CHAIR. The gentleman from Washington has 5 minutes remaining. The 
gentleman from Texas has 3 \3/4\ quarter minutes remaining.
  Mr. SMITH of Washington. Mr. Chair, I am the only remaining speaker 
at this point, and I reserve the balance of my time.
  Mr. THORNBERRY. Mr. Chairman, I am pleased to yield 1\1/2\ minutes to 
the distinguished gentleman from Florida (Mr. Waltz).
  Mr. WALTZ. Mr. Chairman, with 23 years of service as a Green Beret, 
as a special operator with tours in the White House and the Pentagon, I 
can assure my colleagues that my primary focus is the Floridians I 
represent and the troops downrange.
  There are many things that I support in this bill: support and 
greater benefits for Gold Star families--although some of those 
recently introduced are not fully funded; restricting additional 
contracting with the Maduro regime; fully authorizing the Navy's anti-
submarine warfare capability; and, of course, the emerging Space Corps.
  But I would describe this bill is, in many ways, necessary, but in a 
whole, not sufficient, particularly in seeking to close Guantanamo Bay 
without sufficient alternatives that previous administrations and 
Congresses have all, I think, sought to do in good faith; tying the 
President's hands in protecting the border and on Iran; and, of course, 
a wholly insufficient top line, as we have discussed here today, to 
deal with the global threat that remains on terrorism, to deal with 
China, to deal with Russia, Iran, North Korea, and other near-peer 
threats.
  Mr. Chairman, I hope this bill improves, sincerely, with amendments 
on the floor to be worthy of the men and women downrange defending this 
great country.
  Mr. SMITH of Washington. Mr. Chair, I reserve the balance of my time.
  Mr. THORNBERRY. Mr. Chairman, may I inquire of the chairman if he has 
only one more speaker remaining.

[[Page H5351]]

  

  Mr. SMITH of Washington. Mr. Chairman, I have one more speaker, and 
then I will be prepared to close.
  Mr. THORNBERRY. Mr. Chair, I yield myself the balance of my time.
  I would simply emphasize, as the gentleman from Florida just did, the 
strong desire of Members on this side of the aisle is to continue to 
work constructively with anyone who wants to work with us to help 
improve this bill so that it strengthens America's national security 
and does not take steps backwards in any critical area.
  As was pointed out earlier, the body across the Capitol was able to 
do that with a very strong vote of 86-8 just 2 weeks ago. I think that 
ought to be our model. I think that this bill, if it moves in that 
direction, will gain the support of a number of Members here.
  But it is the real substantive concerns about what is in this bill, 
as well as the lack of the ability to have amendments to improve the 
bill, that has so many Members on this side of the aisle concerned.
  Back to my original point: None of this to-ing and fro-ing matters. 
What matters is does it support our troops and improve America's 
national security. We may have different judgments, but that is the 
only criteria that matters. It is about them, and it is about the 
country, and that will continue to be our guiding standard.
  Mr. Chair, I yield back the balance of my time.
  Mr. SMITH of Washington. Mr. Chair, I yield myself the balance of my 
time.
  Mr. Chair, I would start on a note of agreement. I stand by the 
comments I made in 2016: Voting against the defense bill doesn't mean 
you don't support the troops.
  Now, it is interesting, as we go back to the transcript from 2016, 
the number of folks on their side of the aisle who said the exact 
opposite, who rather passionately said we were betraying our country by 
not supporting the bill. I didn't agree with that then, and I don't 
agree with it now.
  But the only partisanship that is going on on this floor is coming 
100 percent from the Republican Party. I appreciate the gentleman's 
words, and I worked very well with him as the ranking member. I 
continue to work well with him. But on the statement about how the 
Republican side of the aisle stands ready to work with us to make this 
bill better, I have seen no evidence of that.
  Talking about amendments on the floor, the decision to oppose this 
bill was made in committee before we even got to the floor, and what we 
are hearing is a whole series of excuses for why they are opposing the 
bill.
  It is very simple and straightforward why they are opposing the bill: 
pure partisanship. They keep talking about the number of times the 
Democrats voted with them and how this is different, yet the difference 
is the Republican Party has decided that, if it is not their defense 
bill 100 percent, they will not vote for it, and then they will stand 
up and accuse us of being partisan.
  The reason I cite all of those numbers is that all of the outreach 
and effort we did to make this bill bipartisan, they did not reach 
back. This is pure partisanship: If we are in charge, they are not 
going to support it to try to make us look bad.
  And the to-ing and fro-ing matters, because that is what guts the 
bipartisanship. If they will not even try to work with us if they are 
not in charge, that is the definition of partisanship, and it 
jeopardizes 58 years of history.
  I am not going to give up; I am going to keep trying to reach out and 
keep trying to work with them. But, please, for those of you watching 
this, understand the only partisan thing going on here is, if the 
Republicans aren't in charge, they are not going to vote for it. And I 
will pick just a couple of examples.
  We heard that we have taken a hatchet to the nuclear budget, so I am 
sure you are wondering how much we have cut the nuclear budget by. 
Well, we have increased it by 4 percent. That is taking a hatchet to 
it?
  We are engaged, believe it or not, in unilateral disarmament on the 
floor of this House as we increase the amount of money that we spend on 
nuclear weapons by 4 percent, as we fully fund the B-21 bomber, the 
Columbia-class nuclear submarine, the LRSO, and the modernization of 
our nuclear weapons force. All of these arguments are nonsense.
  Going back to the personnel argument, they cut the personnel account 
by more than we did because they didn't agree with the President.
  All of these arguments are pure partisanship, and nothing drives this 
point home more clearly than the $733 billion.
  Now, I can't say it any better than the majority leader said it, but 
the quote from General Dunford in January of 2017. Well, if that is the 
case, why did Chairman Thornberry--I am sorry; that is the way I always 
think of him--write an op-ed in the Wall Street Journal in November of 
2018 insisting that we had to have $733 billion?
  If we had said $750 billion, they would be on the floor saying, ``Not 
enough. It has got to be $775 billion,'' because that is the 
partisanship.
  This is a really important policy point. These numbers also matter, 
because accountability at the Pentagon matters. I would submit to you 
that this bill doesn't just maintain the bipartisan tradition; with 
Democrats working on this bill, this bill is better for national 
security because we don't believe in sending a blank check to the 
Pentagon, and sending a blank check to the Pentagon is not in the best 
interest of our troops or our national security.
  Now, Mr. Thornberry is the best person working on reforming our 
procurement system to try and increase efficiency, and I support him in 
that effort. But if you try to reform a system and make it more 
efficient but then say, ``You know what,'' at the last minute, ``here 
is another $17 billion,'' the people are not going to get the message. 
They are going to say, ``Accountability? You don't want accountability. 
You are going to give us more money no matter what we do,'' which is 
what we have done for far too long.
  So, yes, we have accountability in this bill, but you have not heard 
a single good reason to oppose this, other than pure partisanship. And 
it is a brilliant way of doing things.
  As a friend of mine said a long time ago, when you are in an argument 
with someone who is unreasonable, it is hard not to sound unreasonable.
  It is brilliant. Just vote against the bill and say it is partisan; 
okay?
  Partisan is when you ignore the other side. And, my goodness, the 
people behind me, I mean, I have worked on it, but nobody has worked on 
it more than my staff and, frankly, the minority party staff. If you 
could see the hours that we spent working with Republicans to get to 
``good'' on a variety of different amendments, you would laugh out loud 
at the partisanship claim.
  And I think this is important. I think if the minority party, if the 
Republican Party, cannot work with us unless they are in charge, then 
we are not going to get to a bipartisan place.
  And again, we talk about how we cut the President's budget. It was 
the President who tweeted out in November that $733 billion was too 
much. That is what the President said.
  So as the majority leader said, we took your number, and after we 
took your number, you said we are being partisan. That is absurd.
  This is a good bill that protects our country. Every Member of this 
body should be proud to vote for it.
  Mr. Chair, I yield back the balance of my time
  The CHAIR. All time for general debate has expired.
  Pursuant to the rule, the bill shall be considered for amendment 
under the 5-minute rule.
  In lieu of the amendment in the nature of a substitute recommended by 
the Committee on Armed Services, printed in the bill, an amendment in 
the nature of a substitute consisting of the text of Rules Committee 
Print 116-19, modified by the amendment printed in part A of House 
Report 116-143, shall be considered as adopted.
  The bill, as amended, shall be considered as the original bill for 
the purpose of further amendment under the 5-minute rule and shall be 
considered as read.
  The text of the bill, as amended, is as follows:

                               H.R. 2500

       Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of 
     the United States of America in Congress assembled,

     SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE.

       This Act may be cited as the ``National Defense 
     Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2020''.

[[Page H5352]]

  


     SEC. 2. ORGANIZATION OF ACT INTO DIVISIONS; TABLE OF 
                   CONTENTS.

       (a) Divisions.--This Act is organized into four divisions 
     as follows:
       (1) Division A--Department of Defense Authorizations.
       (2) Division B--Military Construction Authorizations.
       (3) Division C--Department of Energy National Security 
     Authorizations and Other Authorizations.
       (4) Division D--Funding Tables.
       (b) Table of Contents.--The table of contents for this Act 
     is as follows:

Sec. 1. Short title.
Sec. 2. Organization of Act into divisions; table of contents.
Sec. 3. Congressional defense committees.

            DIVISION A--DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE AUTHORIZATIONS

                          TITLE I--PROCUREMENT

              Subtitle A--Authorization of Appropriations

Sec. 101. Authorization of appropriations.

                       Subtitle B--Navy Programs

Sec. 111. Modification of annual report on cost targets for certain 
              aircraft carriers.
Sec. 112. Repeal of requirement to adhere to Navy cost estimates for 
              certain aircraft carriers.
Sec. 113. Ford class aircraft carrier support for F-35C aircraft.
Sec. 114. Prohibition on use of funds for reduction of aircraft carrier 
              force structure.
Sec. 115. Design and construction of amphibious transport dock 
              designated LPD-31.
Sec. 116. Limitation on availability of funds pending quarterly updates 
              on the CH-53K King Stallion helicopter program.
Sec. 117. Limitation on availability of funds for VH-92A helicopter.
Sec. 118. National Defense Reserve Fleet Vessel.

                     Subtitle C--Air Force Programs

Sec. 121. Modification of requirement to preserve certain C-5 aircraft.
Sec. 122. Modification of limitation on use of funds for KC-46A 
              aircraft.
Sec. 123. F-15EX aircraft program.
Sec. 124. Prohibition on availability of funds for reduction in KC-10 
              primary mission aircraft inventory.
Sec. 125. Limitation on availability of funds for VC-25B aircraft.
Sec. 126. Limitation on availability of funds for retirement of RC-135 
              aircraft.
Sec. 127. Report on aircraft fleet of the Civil Air Patrol.

       Subtitle D--Defense-wide, Joint, and Multiservice Matters

Sec. 131. Economic order quantity contracting and buy-to-budget 
              acquisition for F-35 aircraft program.
Sec. 132. Program requirements for the F-35 aircraft program.
Sec. 133. Reports on F-35 aircraft program.

         TITLE II--RESEARCH, DEVELOPMENT, TEST, AND EVALUATION

              Subtitle A--Authorization of Appropriations

Sec. 201. Authorization of appropriations.

    Subtitle B--Program Requirements, Restrictions, and Limitations

Sec. 211. Program on enhancement of preparation of dependents of 
              members of Armed Forces for careers in science, 
              technology, engineering, and mathematics.
Sec. 212. Temporary inclusion of joint artificial intelligence center 
              of the Department of Defense in personnel management 
              authority to attract experts in science and engineering.
Sec. 213. Joint Hypersonics Transition Office.
Sec. 214. Modification of proof of concept commercialization program.
Sec. 215. Contract for national security research studies.
Sec. 216. JASON Scientific Advisory Group.
Sec. 217. Direct Air Capture and Blue Carbon Removal Technology 
              Program.
Sec. 218. Foreign malign influence operations research program.
Sec. 219. Sensor data integration for fifth generation aircraft.
Sec. 220. Documentation relating to Advanced Battle Management System.
Sec. 221. Documentation relating to B-52 commercial engine replacement 
              program.
Sec. 222. Diversification of the science, technology, research, and 
              engineering workforce of the Department of Defense.
Sec. 223. Policy on the talent management of digital expertise and 
              software professionals.
Sec. 224. Development and implementation of digital engineering 
              capability and automated software testing and evaluation.
Sec. 225. Process to align policy formulation and emerging technology 
              development.
Sec. 226.  Limitation on transition of Strategic Capabilities Office of 
              the Department of Defense.

                 Subtitle C--Reports and Other Matters

Sec. 231. Master plan for implementation of authorities relating to 
              science and technology reinvention laboratories.
Sec. 232. Master plan for infrastructure required to support research, 
              development, test, and evaluation missions.
Sec. 233. Strategy and implementation plan for fifth generation 
              information and communications technologies.
Sec. 234. Department-wide software science and technology strategy.
Sec. 235. Artificial intelligence education strategy.
Sec. 236. Biannual report on the Joint Artificial Intelligence Center.
Sec. 237. Quarterly updates on the Optionally Manned Fighting Vehicle 
              program.
Sec. 238. Grants for civics education programs.
Sec. 239. Technology and national security fellowship.
Sec. 240. National Security Commission on Defense Research at 
              Historically Black Colleges and Universities and Other 
              Minority Institutions.

                  TITLE III--OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE

              Subtitle A--Authorization of Appropriations

Sec. 301. Authorization of appropriations.

                   Subtitle B--Energy and Environment

Sec. 311. Timeline for Clearinghouse review of applications for energy 
              projects that may have an adverse impact on military 
              operations and readiness.
Sec. 312. Authority to make final finding on designation of geographic 
              areas of concern for purposes of energy projects with 
              adverse impacts on military operations and readiness.
Sec. 313. Authority to accept contributions of funds from applicants 
              for energy projects for mitigation of impacts on military 
              operations and readiness.
Sec. 314. Department of Defense improvement of previously conveyed 
              utility systems serving military installations.
Sec. 315. Five-year authority for National Guard environmental 
              restoration projects for environmental responses.
Sec. 316. Sale of electricity from alternate energy and cogeneration 
              production facilities.
Sec. 317. Transfer authority for funding of study and assessment on 
              health implications of per- and polyfluoroalkyl 
              substances contamination in drinking water by Agency for 
              Toxic Substances and Disease Registry.
Sec. 318. Replacement of fluorinated aqueous film-forming foam with 
              fluorine-free fire-fighting agent.
Sec. 319. Prohibition of uncontrolled release of fluorinated aqueous 
              film-forming foam at military installations.
Sec. 320. Prohibition on use of fluorinated aqueous film forming foam 
              for training exercises.
Sec. 321. Real-time noise-monitoring study at Navy and Air Force 
              installations where tactical fighter aircraft operate.
Sec. 322. Development of climate vulnerability and risk assessment 
              tool.
Sec. 323. Provision of uncontaminated water for agricultural use on 
              land contaminated by PFOS and PFOA used on military 
              installations.

                 Subtitle C--Logistics and Sustainment

Sec. 331. Material readiness metrics and objectives.
Sec. 332. Clarification of authority regarding use of working capital 
              funds for unspecified minor military construction 
              projects related to revitalization and recapitalization 
              of defense industrial base facilities.
Sec. 333. F-35 Joint Strike Fighter sustainment.
Sec. 334. Report on strategic policy for prepositioned materiel and 
              equipment.
Sec. 335. Limitation on use of funds for implementation of elements of 
              master plan for redevelopment of Former Ship Repair 
              Facility in Guam.

                          Subtitle D--Reports

Sec. 341. Readiness reporting.
Sec. 342. Extension of deadline for transition from service-specific 
              defense readiness reporting systems.
Sec. 343. Report on Navy ship depot maintenance budget.
Sec. 344. Report on Runit Dome.

                       Subtitle E--Other Matters

Sec. 351. Inclusion of over-the-horizon radars in early outreach 
              procedures.
Sec. 352. Extension of authority for Secretary of Defense to use 
              Department of Defense reimbursement rate for 
              transportation services provided to certain non-
              Department of Defense entities.
Sec. 353. Expanded transfer and adoption of military animals.
Sec. 354. Extension of authority of Secretary of Transportation to 
              issue non-premium aviation insurance.
Sec. 355. Defense personal property program.
Sec. 356. Public events about Red Hill Bulk Fuel Storage Facility.
Sec. 357. Sense of Congress regarding Innovative Readiness Training 
              program.
Sec. 358. Pilot program on reduction of effects of military aviation 
              noise on private residences.

              TITLE IV--MILITARY PERSONNEL AUTHORIZATIONS

                       Subtitle A--Active Forces

Sec. 401. End strengths for active forces.
Sec. 402. Revisions in permanent active duty end strength minimum 
              levels.

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                       Subtitle B--Reserve Forces

Sec. 411. End strengths for Selected Reserve.
Sec. 412. End strengths for reserves on active duty in support of the 
              reserves.
Sec. 413. End strengths for military technicians (dual status).
Sec. 414. Maximum number of reserve personnel authorized to be on 
              active duty for operational support.

              Subtitle C--Authorization of Appropriations

Sec. 421. Military personnel.

                   TITLE V--MILITARY PERSONNEL POLICY

                  Subtitle A--Officer Personnel Policy

Sec. 501. Management policies for joint qualified officers.
Sec. 502. Grade of Chief of the Veterinary Corps of the Army.
Sec. 503. Authority of promotion boards to recommend that officers of 
              particular merit be placed higher on promotion list.
Sec. 504. Availability on the internet of certain information about 
              officers serving in general or flag officer grades.

                Subtitle B--Reserve Component Management

Sec. 511. Grade of certain chiefs of reserve components.
Sec. 512. Authority to defer mandatory separation at age 68 of officers 
              in medical specialties in the reserve components.
Sec. 513. Repeal of requirement for review of certain Army Reserve 
              officer unit vacancy promotions by commanders of 
              associated active duty units.
Sec. 514. Guidance for use of unmanned aircraft systems by the National 
              Guard.
Sec. 515. Junior Reserve Officers' Training Corps.
Sec. 516. JROTC computer science and cybersecurity program.
Sec. 517. Programs of scholarships for members of Junior Reserve 
              Officers' Training Corps units toward obtaining private 
              pilot's certificates.
Sec. 518. Sense of Congress regarding Junior Reserve Officers' Training 
              Corps.
Sec. 519. Sense of Congress regarding the National Guard Youth 
              Challenge Program.

  Subtitle C--General Service Authorities and Correction of Military 
                                Records

Sec. 521. Establishment of board of appeals regarding denied requests 
              for upgraded discharges and dismissals.
Sec. 522. Prohibition on reduction in the number of personnel assigned 
              to duty with a service review agency.
Sec. 523. Advisory committee on record and service review boards.
Sec. 524. Time requirements for certification of honorable service.
Sec. 525. Prohibition on implementation of military service suitability 
              determinations for foreign nationals who are lawful 
              permanent residents.
Sec. 526. Strategic plan for diversity and inclusion.
Sec. 527. Independent study on barriers to entry into the Armed Forces 
              for English learners.
Sec. 528. Reenlistment waivers for persons separated from the Armed 
              Forces who commit one misdemeanor cannabis offense.
Sec. 529. Sense of Congress regarding accession physicals.

                      Subtitle D--Military Justice

Sec. 531. Command influence.
Sec. 532. Statute of limitations for certain offenses.
Sec. 533. Guidelines on sentences for offenses committed under the 
              Uniform Code of Military Justice.
Sec. 534. Expansion of responsibilities of commanders for victims of 
              sexual assault committed by another member of the Armed 
              Forces.
Sec. 535. Increase in investigative personnel and Victim Witness 
              Assistance Program liaisons.
Sec. 536. Increase in number of digital forensic examiners for the 
              military criminal investigation organizations.
Sec. 537. Pilot programs on defense investigators in the military 
              justice system.
Sec. 538. Pilot program on prosecution of special victim offenses 
              committed by attendees of military service academies.
Sec. 539. Timely disposition of nonprosecutable sex-related offenses.
Sec. 540. Training for sexual assault initial disposition authorities 
              on exercise of disposition authority for sexual assault 
              and collateral offenses.

                    Subtitle E--Other Legal Matters

Sec. 541. Standard of evidence applicable to investigations and reviews 
              related to protected communications of members of the 
              Armed Forces and prohibited retaliatory actions.
Sec. 542. Expansion of Special Victims' Counsel for victims of sex-
              related or domestic violence offenses.
Sec. 543. Notification of issuance of military protective order to 
              civilian law enforcement.
Sec. 544. Clarifications regarding scope of employment and reemployment 
              rights of members of the uniformed services.
Sec. 545. Military orders required for termination of leases pursuant 
              to the Servicemembers Civil Relief Act.
Sec. 546. Consultation regarding victim's preference in prosecution 
              jurisdiction.
Sec. 547. Extension and expansion of Defense Advisory Committee on 
              Investigation, Prosecution, and Defense of Sexual Assault 
              in the Armed Forces.
Sec. 548. Defense Advisory Committee for the Prevention of Sexual 
              Misconduct.
Sec. 549. Safe to report policy applicable across the Armed Forces.
Sec. 550. Availability of Special Victims' Counsel and special victim 
              prosecutors at military installations.
Sec. 550a. Notice to victims of alleged sexual assault of pendency of 
              further administrative action following a determination 
              not to refer to trial by court-martial.
Sec. 550b. Training for Special Victims' Counsel on civilian criminal 
              justice matters in the States of the military 
              installations to which assigned.

                      Subtitle F--Member Education

Sec. 551. Authority for detail of certain enlisted members of the Armed 
              Forces as students at law schools.
Sec. 552. Education of members of the Armed Forces on career readiness 
              and professional development.
Sec. 553. Defense Language Institute Foreign Language Center.
Sec. 554. Expansion of Department of Defense STARBASE Program.
Sec. 555. Degree granting authority for United States Army Armament 
              Graduate School.
Sec. 556. Congressional nominations for Senior Reserve Officers' 
              Training Corps scholarships.
Sec. 557. Consideration of application for transfer for a student of a 
              military service academy who is the victim of a sexual 
              assault or related offense.
Sec. 558. Redesignation of the Commandant of the United States Air 
              Force Institute of Technology as the Director and 
              Chancellor of such Institute.
Sec. 559. Eligibility of additional enlisted members for associate 
              degree programs of the Community College of the Air 
              Force.
Sec. 560. Safe-to-report policy applicable to military service 
              academies.
Sec. 560a. Recoupment of funds from cadets and midshipmen separated for 
              criminal misconduct.

               Subtitle G--Member Training and Transition

Sec. 561. Prohibition on gender-segregated training at Marine Corps 
              Recruit Depots.
Sec. 562. Medical personnel at Marine Corps Recruit Depots.
Sec. 563. Assessment of deaths of recruits under the jurisdiction of 
              the Secretary of the Navy.
Sec. 564. Inclusion of specific email address block on Certificate of 
              Release or Discharge from Active Duty (DD Form 214).
Sec. 565. Machine readability and electronic transferability of 
              Certificate of Release or Discharge from Active Duty (DD 
              Form 214).
Sec. 566. Records of service for reserves.

    Subtitle H--Military Family Readiness and Dependents' Education

Sec. 571. Authorizing members to take leave for a birth or adoption in 
              more than one increment.
Sec. 572. Deferred deployment for members who give birth.
Sec. 573. Authority of the Secretary concerned to transport remains of 
              a covered decedent to no more than two places selected by 
              the person designated to direct disposition of the 
              remains.
Sec. 574. Clarification regarding eligibility to transfer entitlement 
              under Post-9/11 Educational Assistance Program.
Sec. 575. Absentee ballot tracking program.
Sec. 576. Annual State report card.
Sec. 577. Transportation of remains of casualties; travel expenses for 
              next of kin.
Sec. 578. Meetings of officials of the Department of Defense with 
              survivors of deceased members of the Armed Forces.
Sec. 579. Direct employment pilot program for members of the National 
              Guard and Reserve, veterans, their spouses and 
              dependents, and members of Gold Star Families.
Sec. 580. Continued assistance to schools with significant numbers of 
              military dependent students.

                   Subtitle I--Decorations and Awards

Sec. 581. Expansion of Gold Star Lapel Button Eligibility to 
              stepsiblings; free replacement.
Sec. 582. Establishment of the Atomic Veterans Service Medal.
Sec. 583. Review of World War I valor medals.

          Subtitle J--Miscellaneous Reports and Other Matters

Sec. 591. Repeal of quarterly report on end strengths.
Sec. 592. Revision of Workplace and Gender Relations Surveys.
Sec. 593. Modification of elements of reports on the improved 
              Transition Assistance Program.
Sec. 594. Questions in workplace surveys regarding supremacist, 
              extremist, and racist activity.
Sec. 595. Command matters in connection with transition assistance 
              programs.

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Sec. 596. Expressing support for the designation of a ``Gold Star 
              Families Remembrance Day''.

          TITLE VI--COMPENSATION AND OTHER PERSONNEL BENEFITS

                     Subtitle A--Pay and Allowances

Sec. 601. Clarification of continuation of pays during hospitalization 
              and rehabilitation resulting from wounds, injury, or 
              illness incurred while on duty in a hostile fire area or 
              exposed to an event of hostile fire or other hostile 
              action.
Sec. 602. Basic needs allowance for low-income regular members.
Sec. 603. Temporary increase of rates of basic allowance for housing 
              following determination that local civilian housing costs 
              significantly exceed such rates.
Sec. 604. Basic allowance for housing for a member without dependents 
              when relocation would financially disadvantage the 
              member.
Sec. 605. Partial dislocation allowance.

             Subtitle B--Bonuses and Special Incentive Pays

Sec. 611. One-year extension of certain expiring bonus and special pay 
              authorities.

                Subtitle C--Family and Survivor Benefits

Sec. 621. Payment of transitional compensation for certain dependents.
Sec. 622. Death gratuity for ROTC graduates.
Sec. 623. Continued eligibility for education and training 
              opportunities for spouses of promoted members.
Sec. 624. Occupational improvements for relocated spouses of members of 
              the uniformed services.
Sec. 625. Expansion of authority to provide financial assistance to 
              civilian providers of child care services or youth 
              program services who provide such services to survivors 
              of members of the Armed Forces who die in line of duty.
Sec. 626. Space-available travel on military aircraft for children and 
              surviving spouses of members who die of hostile action or 
              training duty.
Sec. 627. Consideration of service on active duty to reduce age of 
              eligibility for retired pay for non-regular service.
Sec. 628. Modification to authority to reimburse for State licensure 
              and certification costs of a spouse of a member arising 
              from relocation.
Sec. 629. Improvements to child care for members of the Armed Forces.
Sec. 630. Casualty assistance for survivors of deceased ROTC graduates.

                   Subtitle D--Defense Resale Matters

Sec. 631. GAO review of defense resale optimization study.

                   TITLE VII--HEALTH CARE PROVISIONS

           Subtitle A--TRICARE and Other Health Care Benefits

Sec. 701. Contraception coverage parity under the TRICARE program.
Sec. 702. Pregnancy prevention assistance at military medical treatment 
              facilities for sexual assault survivors.
Sec. 703. Modification of eligibility for TRICARE Reserve Select for 
              certain members of the Selected Reserve.
Sec. 704. Lead level screenings and testings for children.
Sec. 705. Exposure to open burn pits and toxic airborne chemicals or 
              other airborne contaminants as part of periodic health 
              assessments and other physical examinations.
Sec. 706. Enhancement of recordkeeping and postdeployment medical 
              assessment requirements related to occupational and 
              environmental hazard exposure during deployment.
Sec. 707. Modifications to post-deployment mental health assessments 
              for members of the Armed Forces deployed in support of a 
              contingency operation.
Sec. 708. Provision of blood testing for firefighters of Department of 
              Defense to determine exposure to perfluoroalkyl and 
              polyfluoroalkyl substances.

                 Subtitle B--Health Care Administration

Sec. 711. Requirements for certain prescription drug labels.
Sec. 712. Officers authorized to command Army dental units.
Sec. 713. Improvements to leadership of interagency program office of 
              the Department of Defense and the Department of Veterans 
              Affairs.
Sec. 714. Inclusion of blast exposure history in medical records of 
              members of the Armed Forces.
Sec. 715. Comprehensive policy for provision of mental health care to 
              members of the Armed Forces.
Sec. 716. Limitation on the realignment or reduction of military 
              medical manning end strength.
Sec. 717. Strategy to recruit and retain mental health providers.
Sec. 718. Monitoring medication prescribing practices for the treatment 
              of post-traumatic stress disorder.

                 Subtitle C--Reports and Other Matters

Sec. 721. Establishment of military dental research program.
Sec. 722. Pilot program on cryopreservation and storage.
Sec. 723.  Encouragement of participation in Women's Health Transition 
              Training pilot program.
Sec. 724. National Guard suicide prevention pilot program.
Sec. 725. Reports on suicide among members of the Armed Forces.
Sec. 726. Study on military-civilian integrated health delivery 
              systems.
Sec. 727. Study on case management at military medical treatment 
              facilities.
Sec. 728. Study on infertility among members of the Armed Forces.

  TITLE VIII--ACQUISITION POLICY, ACQUISITION MANAGEMENT, AND RELATED 
                                MATTERS

             Subtitle A--Acquisition Policy and Management

Sec. 801. Establishment of acquisition pathways for software 
              applications and software upgrades.
Sec. 802. Software development and software acquisition training and 
              management programs.
Sec. 803. Modifications to cost or pricing data for certain 
              procurements.
Sec. 804. Modifications to cost or pricing data on below-threshold 
              contracts.
Sec. 805. Comptroller General report on price reasonableness.
Sec. 806. Requirement that certain ship components be manufactured in 
              the national technology and industrial base.
Sec. 807. Acquisition and disposal of certain rare earth materials.
Sec. 808. Prohibition on acquisition of tantalum from non-allied 
              foreign nations.
Sec. 809. Application of miscellaneous technology base policies and 
              programs to the Columbia-class submarine program.
Sec. 810. Application of limitation on procurement of goods other than 
              United States goods to the FFG-Frigate Program.
Sec. 811. Consideration of price in procurement of the FFG(X) frigate.
Sec. 812. Repeal of continuation of data rights during challenges.
Sec. 813. Repeal of authority to waive acquisition laws to acquire 
              vital national security capabilities.
Sec. 814. Repeal of transfer of funds related to cost overruns and cost 
              underruns.

Subtitle B--Amendments to General Contracting Authorities, Procedures, 
                            and Limitations

Sec. 821. Modifications to the middle tier of acquisition programs.
Sec. 822. Briefing relating to the ``middle tier'' of acquisition 
              programs.
Sec. 823. Rates for progress payments or performance-based payments.
Sec. 824. Additional requirements for negotiations for noncommercial 
              computer software.
Sec. 825. Responsibility for data analysis and requirements validation 
              for services contracts.
Sec. 826. Annual reports on authority to carry out certain prototype 
              projects.
Sec. 827. Competition requirements for purchases from Federal Prison 
              Industries.
Sec. 828. Enhanced post-award debriefing rights.
Sec. 829. Standardizing data collection and reporting on use of source 
              selection procedures by Federal agencies.
Sec. 830. Modification of justification and approval requirement for 
              certain Department of Defense contracts.

        Subtitle C--Provisions Relating to Acquisition Workforce

Sec. 841. Defense acquisition workforce certification and education 
              requirements.
Sec. 842. Public-private exchange program for the acquisition 
              workforce.
Sec. 843. Incentives and consideration for qualified training programs.
Sec. 844. Certification by prospective military construction 
              contractors of good faith effort to utilize qualified 
              apprentices.

        Subtitle D--Provisions Relating to Acquisition Security

Sec. 851. Supply chain security of certain telecommunications and video 
              surveillance services or equipment.
Sec. 852. Assured security against intrusion on United States military 
              networks.
Sec. 853. Revised authorities to defeat adversary efforts to compromise 
              United States defense capabilities.
Sec. 854. Prohibition on operation or procurement of foreign-made 
              unmanned aircraft systems.
Sec. 855. Supply chain risk mitigation policies to be implemented 
              through requirements generation process.

       Subtitle E--Provisions Relating to the Acquisition System

Sec. 861. Modifications to the defense acquisition system.

                  Subtitle F--Industrial Base Matters

Sec. 871. Consideration of subcontracting to minority institutions.
Sec. 872. Size standard calculations for certain small business 
              concerns.
Sec. 873. Modifications to small business subcontracting.
Sec. 874. Inclusion of best in class designations in annual report on 
              small business goals.
Sec. 875. Small Business Administration cybersecurity reports.
Sec. 876. Cyber counseling certification program for lead small 
              business development centers.
Sec. 877. Exemption of certain contracts from the periodic inflation 
              adjustments to the acquisition-related dollar threshold.
Sec. 878. Improvements to certain defense innovation programs.

[[Page H5355]]

Sec. 879. Pilot program for development of technology-enhanced 
              capabilities with partnership intermediaries.
Sec. 880. Authorized official to carry out the procurement technical 
              assistance cooperative agreement program.
Sec. 881. Permanent authorization and improvement of Department of 
              Defense Mentor-Protege Program.

                       Subtitle G--Other Matters

Sec. 891. Requirement to use models of commercial e-commerce portal 
              program.
Sec. 892. Report and database on items manufactured in the United 
              States for major defense acquisition programs.
Sec. 893. Requirements relating to Selected Acquisition Reports.
Sec. 894. Contractor science, technology, engineering, and math 
              programs.
Sec. 895. Extension of sunset relating to Federal Data Center 
              Consolidation Initiative.
Sec. 896. Requirements relating to certain rail rolling stock 
              procurements and operations.
Sec. 897. Prohibition on contracting with persons that have business 
              operations with the Maduro regime.

      TITLE IX--DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE ORGANIZATION AND MANAGEMENT

   Subtitle A--Office of the Secretary of Defense and Related Matters

Sec. 901. Update of authorities relating to nuclear command, control, 
              and communications.

  Subtitle B--Other Department of Defense Organization and Management 
                                Matters

Sec. 911. Codification of Assistant Secretaries for Environment, 
              Installations, and Energy of the Army, Navy, and Air 
              Force.
Sec. 912. Limitation on availability of funds for consolidation of 
              Defense Media Activity.
Sec. 913. Modernization of certain forms and surveys.

                       Subtitle C--Space Matters

                   Part I--United States Space Corps

Sec. 921. Establishment of United States Space Corps in the Department 
              of the Air Force.
Sec. 922. Transfer of personnel, functions, and assets to the Space 
              Corps.
Sec. 923. Reports on Space Corps.
Sec. 924. Space National Guard.
Sec. 925. Effects on military installations.

                      Part II--Other Space Matters

Sec. 931. United States Space Command.

                      TITLE X--GENERAL PROVISIONS

                     Subtitle A--Financial Matters

Sec. 1001. General transfer authority.
Sec. 1002. Additional requirements for annual report and briefing on 
              financial improvement and audit remediation plan.
Sec. 1003. Financial improvement and audit remediation plan.
Sec. 1004. Reporting requirements relating to Department of Defense 
              audits.
Sec. 1005. Annual budget justification display for service-common and 
              other support and enabling capabilities for special 
              operations forces.
Sec. 1006. Determination of budgetary effects.
Sec. 1007. Independent public accountant audit of financial systems of 
              the Department of Defense.

                   Subtitle B--Counterdrug Activities

Sec. 1011. Modification of authority to provide support to other 
              agencies for counterdrug activities and activities to 
              counter transnational organized crime.
Sec. 1012. Technical correction and extension of reporting requirement 
              regarding enhancement of information sharing and 
              coordination of military training between Department of 
              Homeland Security and Department of Defense.
Sec. 1013. Repeal of Secretary of Defense review of curricula and 
              program structures of National Guard Counterdrug Schools.

                Subtitle C--Naval Vessels and Shipyards

Sec. 1021. Transportation by sea of supplies for the Armed Forces and 
              Defense Agencies.
Sec. 1022. Use of National Defense Sealift Fund for procurement of two 
              used vessels.
Sec. 1023. Formal schoolhouse training for shipboard system programs of 
              record.
Sec. 1024. Report on shipbuilder training and the defense industrial 
              base.

                      Subtitle D--Counterterrorism

Sec. 1031. Extension of authority for joint task forces to provide 
              support to law enforcement agencies conducting counter-
              terrorism activities.
Sec. 1032. Prohibition on use of funds for transfer or release of 
              individuals detained at United States Naval Station, 
              Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, to certain countries.
Sec. 1033. Prohibition on use of funds for transfer to and detention of 
              additional individuals, including United States citizens, 
              at United States Naval Station, Guantanamo Bay, Cuba.
Sec. 1034. Sense of Congress regarding the provision of medical care to 
              individuals detained at United States Naval Station, 
              Guantanamo Bay, Cuba.
Sec. 1035. Independent assessment on gender and countering violent 
              extremism.

         Subtitle E--Miscellaneous Authorities and Limitations

Sec. 1041. Scheduling of Department of Defense executive aircraft 
              controlled by Secretaries of military departments.
Sec. 1042. Explosive ordnance defense disposal program.
Sec. 1043. Notification on the provision of defense sensitive support.
Sec. 1044. Modification and technical correction of authority for 
              deployment of members of the Armed Forces to the southern 
              land border of the United States.
Sec. 1045. Limitation on use of funds for the inactivation of Army 
              watercraft units.
Sec. 1046. Prohibition on use of funds for construction of a wall, 
              fence, or other physical barrier along the southern 
              border of the United States.
Sec. 1047. Expenditure of funds for Department of Defense intelligence 
              and counterintelligence activities.
Sec. 1048. Limitation on use of funds to house children separated from 
              parents.
Sec. 1049. Limitation on use of funds for providing housing for 
              unaccompanied alien children.

          Subtitle F--National Defense Strategy Implementation

Sec. 1051. Short title.
Sec. 1052. Report on operational concepts and plans regarding strategic 
              competitors.
Sec. 1053. Actions to increase analytic support.
Sec. 1054. Definitions.

                    Subtitle G--Studies and Reports

Sec. 1061. Report on transfers of equipment to prohibited entities.
Sec. 1062. Elimination of requirement to submit reports to Congress in 
              paper format.
Sec. 1063. Modification of annual report on civilian casualties in 
              connection with United States military operations.
Sec. 1064. Inclusion of certain individuals investigated by Inspectors 
              General in the semiannual report.
Sec. 1065. Annual report on Joint Military Information Support 
              Operations Web Operations Center.
Sec. 1066. Mobility capability requirements study.
Sec. 1067. Assessment of special operations force structure.
Sec. 1068. Army aviation strategic plan and modernization roadmap.
Sec. 1069. Report on ground-based long-range artillery to counter land 
              and maritime threats.
Sec. 1070. Independent review of transportation working-capital fund.
Sec. 1071. Geographic command risk assessment of proposed use of 
              certain aircraft capabilities.
Sec. 1072. Annual report on strikes undertaken by the United States 
              against terrorist targets outside areas of active 
              hostilities.
Sec. 1073. Termination of requirement for submittal to Congress of 
              certain recurring reports.
Sec. 1074. Report on operational concepts and plans regarding strategic 
              competitors.

                       Subtitle H--Other Matters

Sec. 1081. Technical, conforming, and clerical amendments.
Sec. 1082. Submission to Congress of Department of Defense execute 
              orders.
Sec. 1083. Extension of National Security Commission on Artificial 
              Intelligence.
Sec. 1084. National Commission on Military Aviation Safety.
Sec. 1085. Extension of postage stamp for breast cancer research.
Sec. 1086. Processes and procedures for notifications regarding special 
              operations forces.
Sec. 1087. Assessment of standards, processes, procedures, and policy 
              relating to civilian casualties.
Sec. 1088. Disposal of IPv4 addresses.
Sec. 1089. Securing American science and technology.
Sec. 1090. Standardized policy guidance for calculating aircraft 
              operation and sustainment costs.
Sec. 1091. Special Federal Aviation Regulation Working Group.

                  TITLE XI--CIVILIAN PERSONNEL MATTERS

Sec. 1101. Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency personnel 
              management authority.
Sec. 1102. Modification of probationary period for certain Department 
              of Defense employees.
Sec. 1103. Civilian personnel management.
Sec. 1104. One-year extension of temporary authority to grant 
              allowances, benefits, and gratuities to civilian 
              personnel on official duty in a combat zone.
Sec. 1105. One-year extension of authority to waive annual limitation 
              on premium pay and aggregate limitation on pay for 
              federal civilian employees working overseas.
Sec. 1106. Performance of civilian functions by military personnel.
Sec. 1107. Extension of direct hire authority for domestic industrial 
              base facilities and Major Range and Test Facilities Base.

[[Page H5356]]

Sec. 1108. Authority to provide additional allowances and benefits for 
              certain Defense Clandestine Service employees.
Sec. 1109. Prohibited personnel practices.
Sec. 1110. Enhancement of antidiscrimination protections for Federal 
              employees.
Sec. 1111. Modification of direct hire authorities for the Department 
              of Defense.
Sec. 1112. Permitted disclosures by whistleblowers.

             TITLE XII--MATTERS RELATING TO FOREIGN NATIONS

                  Subtitle A--Assistance and Training

Sec. 1201. Modification of authority to build capacity of foreign 
              security forces.
Sec. 1202. Modification and extension of cross servicing agreements for 
              loan of personnel protection and personnel survivability 
              equipment in coalition operations.
Sec. 1203. Modification of quarterly report on obligation and 
              expenditure of funds for security cooperation programs 
              and activities.
Sec. 1204. Integration of gender perspectives and meaningful 
              participation by women in security cooperation 
              authorities.

        Subtitle B--Matters Relating to Afghanistan and Pakistan

Sec. 1211. Extension and modification of authority for reimbursement of 
              certain coalition nations for support provided to United 
              States military operations.
Sec. 1212. Modification and Extension of Afghan Special Immigrant Visa 
              Program.
Sec. 1213. Extension of authority to transfer defense articles and 
              provide defense services to the military and security 
              forces of Afghanistan.
Sec. 1214. Extension and modification of authority to acquire products 
              and services produced in countries along a major route of 
              supply to Afghanistan.
Sec. 1215. Authority for certain payments to redress injury and loss in 
              Afghanistan, Iraq, Syria, Somalia, Libya, and Yemen.
Sec. 1216. Extension of semiannual report on enhancing security and 
              stability in Afghanistan.

         Subtitle C--Matters Relating to Syria, Iraq, and Iran

Sec. 1221. Modification of authority to provide assistance to counter 
              the Islamic State of Iraq and Syria.
Sec. 1222. Extension and modification of authority to provide 
              assistance to the vetted Syrian opposition.
Sec. 1223. Extension and modification of authority to support 
              operations and activities of the Office of Security 
              Cooperation in Iraq.
Sec. 1224. Prohibition on provision of weapons and other forms of 
              support to certain organizations.
Sec. 1225. Rule of construction relating to use of military force 
              against Iran.
Sec. 1226. Sense of Congress on support for Ministry of Peshmerga 
              forces of the Kurdistan Region of Iraq.

                 Subtitle D--Matters Relating to Russia

Sec. 1231. Prohibition on the use of funds to suspend, terminate, or 
              withdraw the United States from the Open Skies Treaty.
Sec. 1232. Extension of limitation on military cooperation between the 
              United States and Russia.
Sec. 1233. Prohibition on availability of funds relating to sovereignty 
              of Russia over Crimea.
Sec. 1234. Modification and extension of Ukraine Security Assistance 
              Initiative.
Sec. 1235. Report on treaties relating to nuclear arms control.
Sec. 1236. Sense of Congress on updating and modernizing existing 
              agreements to avert miscalculation between the United 
              States and Russia.
Sec. 1237. Sense of Congress on support for Georgia.
Sec. 1238. Sense of Congress on support for Estonia, Latvia, and 
              Lithuania.

        Subtitle E--Matters Relating to the Indo-Pacific Region

Sec. 1241. Modification of Indo-Pacific Maritime Security Initiative.
Sec. 1242. Extension and modification of report on military and 
              security developments involving North Korea.
Sec. 1243. Limitation on use of funds to reduce the total number of 
              members of the Armed Forces serving on active duty who 
              are deployed to South Korea.
Sec. 1244. Report on direct, indirect, and burden-sharing contributions 
              of Japan and South Korea.
Sec. 1245. Report on strategy on the Philippines.
Sec. 1246. Modification of annual report on military and security 
              developments involving the People's Republic of China.
Sec. 1247. Modification of annual report on military and security 
              developments involving the People's Republic of China.
Sec. 1248. Sense of Congress on Taiwan.
Sec. 1249. Enhancing defense cooperation with Singapore.

            Subtitle F--Matters Relating to Europe and NATO

Sec. 1251. Extension and modification of NATO Special Operations 
              Headquarters.
Sec. 1252. Modification and extension of future years plan and planning 
              transparency for the European Deterrence Initiative.
Sec. 1253. Protection of European Deterrence Initiative funds from 
              diversion for other purposes.
Sec. 1254. Statement of policy on United States military investment in 
              Europe.
Sec. 1255. Limitation on transfer of F-35 aircraft to Turkey.
Sec. 1256. Report on value of investments in dual use infrastructure 
              projects by NATO member states.
Sec. 1257. Sense of Congress on support for Poland.

                       Subtitle G--Other Matters

Sec. 1261. Sense of Congress on United States partners and allies.
Sec. 1262. Modification to report on legal and policy frameworks for 
              the use of military force.
Sec. 1263. Limitation on availability of certain funds until report 
              submitted on Department of Defense awards and 
              disciplinary action as a result of the 2017 incident in 
              Niger.
Sec. 1264. Independent assessment of sufficiency of resources available 
              to United States Southern Command and United States 
              Africa Command.
Sec. 1265. Rule of construction relating to use of military force.
Sec. 1266. Rule of construction relating to use of military force 
              against Venezuela.
Sec. 1267. Sense of Congress on acquisition by Turkey of Patriot 
              system.

                   Subtitle H--Baltic Reassurance Act

Sec. 1271. Findings.
Sec. 1272. Sense of Congress.
Sec. 1273. Defense assessment.
Sec. 1274. Appropriate congressional committees defined.

                TITLE XIII--COOPERATIVE THREAT REDUCTION

Sec. 1301. Funding allocations.
Sec. 1302. Specification of cooperative threat reduction funds.

                    TITLE XIV--OTHER AUTHORIZATIONS

                     Subtitle A--Military Programs

Sec. 1401. Working capital funds.
Sec. 1402. Chemical agents and munitions destruction, defense.
Sec. 1403. Drug interdiction and counter-drug activities, defense-wide.
Sec. 1404. Defense Inspector General.
Sec. 1405. Defense health program.
Sec. 1406. National defense sealift fund.

                       Subtitle B--Other Matters

Sec. 1411. Authority for transfer of funds to joint Department of 
              Defense-Department of Veterans Affairs medical facility 
              demonstration fund for Captain James A. Lovell Health 
              Care Center, Illinois.
Sec. 1412. Authorization of appropriations for Armed Forces Retirement 
              Home.

   TITLE XV--AUTHORIZATION OF ADDITIONAL APPROPRIATIONS FOR OVERSEAS 
                         CONTINGENCY OPERATIONS

              Subtitle A--Authorization of Appropriations

Sec. 1501. Purpose.
Sec. 1502. Procurement.
Sec. 1503. Research, development, test, and evaluation.
Sec. 1504. Operation and maintenance.
Sec. 1505. Military personnel.
Sec. 1506. Working capital funds.
Sec. 1507. Drug interdiction and counter-drug activities, defense-wide.
Sec. 1508. Defense Inspector General.
Sec. 1509. Defense Health Program.

                     Subtitle B--Financial Matters

Sec. 1511. Treatment as additional authorizations.
Sec. 1512. Special transfer authority.

                       Subtitle C--Other Matters

Sec. 1521. Afghanistan Security Forces Fund.

     TITLE XVI--STRATEGIC PROGRAMS, CYBER, AND INTELLIGENCE MATTERS

                      Subtitle A--Space Activities

Sec. 1601. National Security Space Launch program.
Sec. 1602. Preparation to implement plan for use of allied launch 
              vehicles.
Sec. 1603. Annual determination on plan on full integration and 
              exploitation of overhead persistent infrared capability.
Sec. 1604. Space-based environmental monitoring mission requirements.
Sec. 1605. Prototype program for multi-global navigation satellite 
              system receiver development.
Sec. 1606. Commercial space situational awareness capabilities.
Sec. 1607. Independent study on plan for deterrence in space.
Sec. 1608. Resilient enterprise ground architecture.

  Subtitle B--Defense Intelligence and Intelligence-Related Activities

Sec. 1611. Modifications to ISR Integration Council and annual briefing 
              requirements.
Sec. 1612. Survey and report on alignment of intelligence collections 
              capabilities and activities with Department of Defense 
              requirements.
Sec. 1613. Modification of annual authorization of appropriations for 
              National Flagship Language Initiative.

[[Page H5357]]

                 Subtitle C--Cyberspace-Related Matters

Sec. 1621. Notification requirements for sensitive military cyber 
              operations.
Sec. 1622. Quarterly cyber operations briefings.
Sec. 1623. Cyber posture review.
Sec. 1624. Tier 1 exercise of support to civil authorities for a cyber 
              incident.
Sec. 1625. Evaluation of cyber vulnerabilities of major weapon systems 
              of the Department of Defense.
Sec. 1626. Extension of the Cyberspace Solarium Commission.
Sec. 1627. Authority to use operation and maintenance funds for cyber 
              operations-peculiar capability development projects.
Sec. 1628. Notification of delegation of authorities to the Secretary 
              of Defense for military operations in cyberspace.
Sec. 1629. Limitation of funding for Consolidated Afloat Networks and 
              Enterprise Services.
Sec. 1630. Annual military cyberspace operations report.
Sec. 1631. Report on synchronization of efforts relating to 
              cybersecurity in the Defense Industrial Base.
Sec. 1632. Briefings on the status of the National Security Agency and 
              United States Cyber Command partnership.

                       Subtitle D--Nuclear Forces

Sec. 1641. Improvement to annual report on the modernization of the 
              nuclear weapons enterprise.
Sec. 1642. Briefings on meetings held by the Nuclear Weapons Council.
Sec. 1643. Elimination of conventional requirement for long-range 
              standoff weapon.
Sec. 1644. Extension of annual briefing on the costs of forward-
              deploying nuclear weapons in Europe.
Sec. 1645. Ten-year extension of prohibition on availability of funds 
              for mobile variant of ground-based strategic deterrent 
              missile.
Sec. 1646. Prohibition on availability of funds for deployment of low-
              yield ballistic missile warhead.
Sec. 1647. Report on military-to-military dialogue to reduce the risk 
              of miscalculation leading to nuclear war.
Sec. 1648. Plan on nuclear command, control, and communications 
              systems.
Sec. 1649. Independent study on policy of no-first-use of nuclear 
              weapons.
Sec. 1650. Independent study on risks of nuclear terrorism and nuclear 
              war.

                  Subtitle E--Missile Defense Programs

Sec. 1661. National missile defense policy.
Sec. 1662. Development of hypersonic and ballistic missile tracking 
              space sensor payload.
Sec. 1663. Requirement for testing of redesigned kill vehicle prior to 
              production.
Sec. 1664. Development of space-based ballistic missile intercept 
              layer.
Sec. 1665. Organization, authorities, and billets of the Missile 
              Defense Agency.
Sec. 1666. Missile defense interceptor site in contiguous United 
              States.
Sec. 1667. Missile defense radar in Hawaii.
Sec. 1668. Limitation on availability of funds for lower tier air and 
              missile sensor.
Sec. 1669. Command and control, battle management, and communications 
              program.
Sec. 1670. Annual assessment of ballistic missile defense system.

                       Subtitle F--Other Matters

Sec. 1681. Modification to reports on certain solid rocket motors.
Sec. 1682. Repeal of review requirement for ammonium perchlorate 
              report.
Sec. 1683. Repeal of requirement for commission on electromagnetic 
              pulse attacks and similar events.
Sec. 1684. Conventional prompt global strike weapon system.

            DIVISION B--MILITARY CONSTRUCTION AUTHORIZATIONS

Sec. 2001. Short title.
Sec. 2002. Expiration of authorizations and amounts required to be 
              specified by law.
Sec. 2003. Effective date.

                 TITLE XXI--ARMY MILITARY CONSTRUCTION

Sec. 2101. Authorized Army construction and land acquisition projects.
Sec. 2102. Family housing.
Sec. 2103. Authorization of appropriations, Army.
Sec. 2104. Modification of authority to carry out certain fiscal year 
              2019 projects.

                 TITLE XXII--NAVY MILITARY CONSTRUCTION

Sec. 2201. Authorized Navy construction and land acquisition projects.
Sec. 2202. Family housing.
Sec. 2203. Improvements to military family housing units.
Sec. 2204. Authorization of appropriations, Navy.
Sec. 2205. Modification of authority to carry out certain fiscal year 
              2017 project.

              TITLE XXIII--AIR FORCE MILITARY CONSTRUCTION

Sec. 2301. Authorized Air Force construction and land acquisition 
              projects.
Sec. 2302. Family housing.
Sec. 2303. Improvements to military family housing units.
Sec. 2304. Authorization of appropriations, Air Force.
Sec. 2305. Modification of authorities to carry out phased Joint 
              Intelligence Analysis Complex consolidation.
Sec. 2306. Modification of authority to carry out certain fiscal year 
              2016 project.
Sec. 2307. Modification of authority to carry out certain fiscal year 
              2017 project.
Sec. 2308. Modification of authority to carry out certain fiscal year 
              2018 projects.
Sec. 2309. Modification of authority to carry out certain fiscal year 
              2019 projects.

           TITLE XXIV--DEFENSE AGENCIES MILITARY CONSTRUCTION

Sec. 2401. Authorized Defense Agencies construction and land 
              acquisition projects.
Sec. 2402. Authorized energy resiliency and energy conservation 
              projects.
Sec. 2403. Authorization of appropriations, Defense Agencies.

                   TITLE XXV--INTERNATIONAL PROGRAMS

  Subtitle A--North Atlantic Treaty Organization Security Investment 
                                Program

Sec. 2501. Authorized NATO construction and land acquisition projects.
Sec. 2502. Authorization of appropriations, NATO.

             Subtitle B--Host Country In-Kind Contributions

Sec. 2511. Republic of Korea funded construction projects.

            TITLE XXVI--GUARD AND RESERVE FORCES FACILITIES

Sec. 2601. Authorized Army National Guard construction and land 
              acquisition projects.
Sec. 2602. Authorized Army Reserve construction and land acquisition 
              projects.
Sec. 2603. Authorized Navy Reserve and Marine Corps Reserve 
              construction and land acquisition projects.
Sec. 2604. Authorized Air National Guard construction and land 
              acquisition projects.
Sec. 2605. Authorized Air Force Reserve construction and land 
              acquisition projects.
Sec. 2606. Authorization of appropriations, National Guard and Reserve.

          TITLE XXVII--BASE REALIGNMENT AND CLOSURE ACTIVITIES

Sec. 2701. Authorization of appropriations for base realignment and 
              closure activities funded through Department of Defense 
              base closure account.

         TITLE XXVIII--MILITARY CONSTRUCTION GENERAL PROVISIONS

           Subtitle A--Military Construction Program Changes

Sec. 2801. Prohibition on use of military construction funds for 
              construction of a wall, fence, or other physical barrier 
              along the southern border of the United States.
Sec. 2802. Modification and clarification of construction authority in 
              the event of a declaration of war or national emergency.
Sec. 2803. Inclusion of information regarding military installation 
              resilience in master plans for major military 
              installations.
Sec. 2804. Improved consultation with tribal governments when proposed 
              military construction projects potentially impact Indian 
              tribes.
Sec. 2805. Amendment of Unified Facilities Criteria to promote military 
              installation resilience, energy resilience, energy and 
              climate resiliency, and cyber resilience.
Sec. 2806. Modification to Department of Defense Form 1391 regarding 
              consideration of potential long-term adverse 
              environmental effects.

              Subtitle B--Military Family Housing Reforms

Sec. 2811. Enhanced protections for members of the Armed Forces and 
              their dependents residing in privatized military housing 
              units.
Sec. 2812. Prohibition on use of nondisclosure agreements in connection 
              with leases of military housing constructed or acquired 
              using alternative authority for acquisition and 
              improvement of military housing.
Sec. 2813. Authority to furnish certain services in connection with use 
              of alternative authority for acquisition and improvement 
              of military housing.
Sec. 2814. Modification to requirements for window fall prevention 
              devices in military family housing units.
Sec. 2815. Assessment of hazards in Department of Defense housing.
Sec. 2816. Development of process to identify and address environmental 
              health hazards in Department of Defense housing.
Sec. 2817.  Report on civilian personnel shortages for appropriate 
              oversight of management of military housing constructed 
              or acquired using alternative authority for acquisition 
              and improvement of military housing.
Sec. 2818. Inspector General review of Department of Defense oversight 
              of privatized military housing.

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Sec. 2819. Department of Defense inspection authority regarding 
              privatized military housing.
Sec. 2820. Improvement of privatized military housing.

        Subtitle C--Real Property and Facilities Administration

Sec. 2831. Improved energy security for main operating bases in Europe.
Sec. 2832. Access to Department of Defense facilities for credentialed 
              transportation workers.

                      Subtitle D--Land Conveyances

Sec. 2841. Land conveyance, Hill Air Force Base, Utah.
Sec. 2842. Release of conditions and reversionary interest, Camp Joseph 
              T. Robinson, Arkansas.
Sec. 2843. Modification of authorized uses of certain property conveyed 
              by the United States in Los Angeles, California.

                 Subtitle E--Military Land Withdrawals

Sec. 2851. Public notice regarding upcoming periods of Secretary of the 
              Navy management of Shared Use Area of the Johnson Valley 
              Off-Highway Vehicle Recreation Area.

  Subtitle F--White Sands National Park and White Sands Missile Range

Sec. 2861. Short title.
Sec. 2862. Definitions.
Sec. 2863. Findings.
Sec. 2864. Establishment of White Sands National Park in the State of 
              New Mexico.
Sec. 2865. Transfers of administrative jurisdiction related to the 
              National Park and White Sands Missile Range.
Sec. 2866. Boundary modifications related to the National Park and 
              Missile Range.

                       Subtitle G--Other Matters

Sec. 2871. Installation and maintenance of fire extinguishers in 
              Department of Defense facilities.
Sec. 2872. Definition of community infrastructure for purposes of 
              military base reuse studies and community planning 
              assistance.
Sec. 2873. Report on vulnerabilities from sea level rise to certain 
              military installations located outside the continental 
              United States.
Sec. 2874. Black start exercises at Joint Bases.

   TITLE XXIX--OVERSEAS CONTINGENCY OPERATIONS MILITARY CONSTRUCTION

Sec. 2901. Authorized Army construction and land acquisition projects.
Sec. 2902. Authorized Navy construction and land acquisition projects.
Sec. 2903. Authorized Air Force construction and land acquisition 
              projects.
Sec. 2904. Authorized defense agencies construction and land 
              acquisition projects.
Sec. 2905. Authorization of appropriations.

      TITLE XXX--AUTHORIZATION OF EMERGENCY MILITARY CONSTRUCTION

Sec. 3001. Authorization of emergency Navy construction and land 
              acquisition projects.
Sec. 3002. Authorization of emergency Air Force construction and land 
              acquisition projects.
Sec. 3003. Authorization of emergency Army National Guard and Army 
              Reserve construction and land acquisition projects.

 DIVISION C--DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY NATIONAL SECURITY AUTHORIZATIONS AND 
                          OTHER AUTHORIZATIONS

      TITLE XXXI--DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY NATIONAL SECURITY PROGRAMS

       Subtitle A--National Security Programs and Authorizations

Sec. 3101. National Nuclear Security Administration.
Sec. 3102. Defense environmental cleanup.
Sec. 3103. Other defense activities.
Sec. 3104. Nuclear energy.

  Subtitle B--Program Authorizations, Restrictions, Limitations, and 
                             Other Matters

Sec. 3111. Personnel levels of the Office of the Administrator for 
              Nuclear Security.
Sec. 3112. Office of Cost Estimating and Program Evaluation.
Sec. 3113. Clarification of certain Stockpile Responsiveness Program 
              objectives.
Sec. 3114. Modification to plutonium pit production capacity.
Sec. 3115. Annual certification of shipments to Waste Isolation Pilot 
              Plant.
Sec. 3116. Repeal of limitation on availability of funds for 
              acceleration of nuclear weapons dismantlement.
Sec. 3117. Elimination of limitation on availability of funds relating 
              to submission of annual reports on unfunded priorities.
Sec. 3118. Program for research and development of advanced naval 
              nuclear fuel system based on low-enriched uranium.
Sec. 3119. Replacement of W78 warhead.
Sec. 3120. National Laboratory Jobs Access Program.

          TITLE XXXII--DEFENSE NUCLEAR FACILITIES SAFETY BOARD

Sec. 3201. Authorization.
Sec. 3202. Improvements to Defense Nuclear Facilities Safety Board.

                 TITLE XXXIV--NAVAL PETROLEUM RESERVES

Sec. 3401. Authorization of appropriations.

                      TITLE XXXV--MARITIME MATTERS

                  Subtitle A--Maritime Administration

Sec. 3501. Authorization of the Maritime Administration.
Sec. 3502. Reauthorization of Maritime Security Program.
Sec. 3503. Maritime Occupational Safety and Health Advisory Committee.

                   Subtitle B--Tanker Security Fleet

Sec. 3511. Tanker Security Fleet.

                       DIVISION D--FUNDING TABLES

Sec. 4001. Authorization of amounts in funding tables.

                         TITLE XLI--PROCUREMENT

Sec. 4101. Procurement.
Sec. 4102. Procurement for overseas contingency operations.

        TITLE XLII--RESEARCH, DEVELOPMENT, TEST, AND EVALUATION

Sec. 4201. Research, development, test, and evaluation.
Sec. 4202. Research, development, test, and evaluation for overseas 
              contingency operations.

                 TITLE XLIII--OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE

Sec. 4301. Operation and maintenance.
Sec. 4302. Operation and maintenance for overseas contingency 
              operations.

                     TITLE XLIV--MILITARY PERSONNEL

Sec. 4401. Military personnel.
Sec. 4402. Military personnel for overseas contingency operations.

                    TITLE XLV--OTHER AUTHORIZATIONS

Sec. 4501. Other authorizations.
Sec. 4502. Other authorizations for overseas contingency operations.

                   TITLE XLVI--MILITARY CONSTRUCTION

Sec. 4601. Military construction.
Sec. 4602. Military construction for overseas contingency operations.

      TITLE XLVII--DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY NATIONAL SECURITY PROGRAMS

Sec. 4701. Department of Energy national security programs.

     SEC. 3. CONGRESSIONAL DEFENSE COMMITTEES.

       In this Act, the term ``congressional defense committees'' 
     has the meaning given that term in section 101(a)(16) of 
     title 10, United States Code.

            DIVISION A--DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE AUTHORIZATIONS

                          TITLE I--PROCUREMENT

              Subtitle A--Authorization of Appropriations

     SEC. 101. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

       Funds are hereby authorized to be appropriated for fiscal 
     year 2020 for procurement for the Army, the Navy and the 
     Marine Corps, the Air Force, and Defense-wide activities, as 
     specified in the funding table in section 4101.

                       Subtitle B--Navy Programs

     SEC. 111. MODIFICATION OF ANNUAL REPORT ON COST TARGETS FOR 
                   CERTAIN AIRCRAFT CARRIERS.

       Section 126(c) of the National Defense Authorization Act 
     for Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328; 130 Stat. 2035) is 
     amended--
       (1) in the subsection heading, by striking ``and CVN-80'' 
     and inserting ``, CVN-80, and CVN-81'';
       (2) in paragraph (1), by striking ``costs described in 
     subsection (b) for the CVN-79 and CVN-80'' and inserting 
     ``cost targets for the CVN-79, the CVN-80, and the CVN-81''; 
     and
       (3) in paragraph (2)--
       (A) in the matter preceding subparagraph (A), by striking 
     `` and the CVN-80'' and inserting ``, the CVN-80, and the 
     CVN-81''
       (B) in subparagraph (A), by striking ``costs described in 
     subsection (b)'' and inserting ``cost targets'';
       (C) in subparagraph (F), by striking ``costs specified in 
     subsection (b)'' and inserting ``cost targets''; and
       (D) in subparagraph (G), by striking ``costs specified in 
     subsection (b)'' and inserting ``cost targets''.

     SEC. 112. REPEAL OF REQUIREMENT TO ADHERE TO NAVY COST 
                   ESTIMATES FOR CERTAIN AIRCRAFT CARRIERS.

       Section 122 of the John Warner National Defense 
     Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2007 (Public Law 109-364; 
     120 Stat. 2104), as most recently amended by section 121(a) 
     of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 
     2018 (Public Law 115-91; 131 Stat. 1309), is repealed.

     SEC. 113. FORD CLASS AIRCRAFT CARRIER SUPPORT FOR F-35C 
                   AIRCRAFT.

       Before accepting delivery of the Ford class aircraft 
     carrier designated CVN-79, the Secretary of the Navy shall 
     ensure that the aircraft carrier is capable of operating and 
     deploying with the F-35C aircraft.

     SEC. 114. PROHIBITION ON USE OF FUNDS FOR REDUCTION OF 
                   AIRCRAFT CARRIER FORCE STRUCTURE.

       None of the funds authorized to be appropriated by this Act 
     or otherwise made available for fiscal year 2020 for the 
     Department of Defense may be obligated or expended to reduce 
     the number of operational aircraft carriers of the Navy below 
     the number specified in section 8062(b) of title 10, United 
     States Code.

     SEC. 115. DESIGN AND CONSTRUCTION OF AMPHIBIOUS TRANSPORT 
                   DOCK DESIGNATED LPD-31.

       (a) In General.--Using funds authorized to be appropriated 
     for the Department of Defense for Shipbuilding and 
     Conversion, Navy, the Secretary of the Navy may enter into a 
     contract, beginning with the fiscal year 2020 program

[[Page H5359]]

     year, for the design and construction of the amphibious 
     transport dock designated LPD-31.
       (b) Use of Incremental Funding.--With respect to the 
     contract entered into under subsection (a), the Secretary may 
     use incremental funding to make payments under the contract.
       (c) Condition for Out-year Contract Payments.--The contract 
     entered into under subsection (a) shall provide that any 
     obligation of the United States to make a payment under such 
     contract for any fiscal year after fiscal year 2020 is 
     subject to the availability of appropriations for that 
     purpose for such later fiscal year.

     SEC. 116. LIMITATION ON AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS PENDING 
                   QUARTERLY UPDATES ON THE CH-53K KING STALLION 
                   HELICOPTER PROGRAM.

       (a) Limitation.--Of the funds authorized to be appropriated 
     by this Act or otherwise made available for fiscal year 2020 
     for aircraft procurement, Navy, for the CH-53K King Stallion 
     helicopter program, not more than 50 percent may be obligated 
     or expended until a period of 30 days has elapsed following 
     the date on which the Secretary of the Navy provides the 
     first briefing required under subsection (b).
       (b) Quarterly Briefings Required.--
       (1) In general.--Beginning not later than October 1, 2019, 
     and on a quarterly basis thereafter through October 1, 2022, 
     the Secretary of the Navy shall provide to the Committee on 
     Armed Services of the House of Representatives a briefing on 
     the progress of the CH-53K King Stallion helicopter program.
       (2) Elements.--Each briefing under paragraph (1) shall 
     include, with respect to the CH-53K King Stallion helicopter 
     program, the following:
       (A) An overview of the program schedule.
       (B) A statement of the total cost of the program as of the 
     date of the briefing, including the costs of development, 
     testing, and production.
       (C) A comparison of the total cost of the program relative 
     to the approved acquisition program baseline.
       (D) An assessment of flight testing under the program, 
     including identification of the number of test events have 
     been conducted on-time in accordance with the joint 
     integrated program schedule.
       (E) An update on the correction of technical deficiencies 
     under the program, including--
       (i) identification of the technical deficiencies that have 
     been corrected as of the date of the briefing;
       (ii) identification of the technical deficiencies that have 
     been discovered, but not corrected, as of such date;
       (iii) an estimate of the total cost of correcting technical 
     deficiencies under the program; and
       (iv) an explanation of any significant deviations from the 
     testing and program schedule that are anticipated due to the 
     discovery and correction of technical deficiencies.

     SEC. 117. LIMITATION ON AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS FOR VH-92A 
                   HELICOPTER.

       (a) Limitation.--Of the funds authorized to be appropriated 
     by this Act or otherwise made available for fiscal year 2020 
     for procurement for the VH-92A helicopter, not more than 75 
     percent may be obligated or expended until the date on which 
     the Secretary of Navy submits to the Committee on Armed 
     Services of the House of Representatives the report required 
     under subsection (b).
       (b) Report Required.--The Secretary of the Navy shall 
     submit to the Committee on Armed Services of the House of 
     Representatives a report assessing the status of the VH-92A 
     helicopter program industrial base and the potential impact 
     of proposed manufacturing base changes on the acquisition 
     program. The report shall include a description of--
       (1) estimated effects on the manufacturing readiness level 
     of the VH-92 program due to planned changes to the program 
     manufacturing base;
       (2) the estimated costs and assessment of cost risk to the 
     program due to planned changes to the program manufacturing 
     base;
       (3) any estimated schedule impacts, including impacts on 
     delivery dates for the remaining low-rate initial production 
     lots and full rate production, resulting from changes to the 
     manufacturing base;
       (4) an assessment of the effect of changes to the 
     manufacturing base on VH-92A sustainment; and
       (5) the impact of such changes on production and 
     sustainment capacity for the MH-60 and CH-53K helicopters of 
     the Navy.

     SEC. 118. NATIONAL DEFENSE RESERVE FLEET VESSEL.

       (a) In General.--Subject to the availability of 
     appropriations, the Secretary of the Navy, acting through the 
     executive agent described in subsection (e), shall seek to 
     enter into a contract for the construction of one sealift 
     vessel for the National Defense Reserve Fleet.
       (b) Delivery Date.--The contract entered into under 
     subsection (a) shall specify a delivery date for the sealift 
     vessel of not later than September 30, 2026.
       (c) Design and Construction Requirements.--
       (1) Use of existing design.--The design of the sealift 
     vessel shall be based on a domestic or foreign design that 
     exists as of the date of the enactment of this Act.
       (2) Commercial standards and practices.--Subject to 
     paragraph (1), the sealift vessel shall be constructed using 
     commercial design standards and commercial construction 
     practices that are consistent with the best interests of the 
     Federal Government.
       (3) Domestic shipyard.--The sealift vessel shall be 
     constructed in a shipyard that is located in the United 
     States.
       (d) Certificate and Endorsement.--The sealift vessel shall 
     meet the requirements necessary to receive a certificate of 
     documentation and a coastwise endorsement under chapter 121 
     of tile 46, United States Code, and the Secretary of the Navy 
     shall ensure that the completed vessel receives such a 
     certificate and endorsement.
       (e) Executive Agent.--
       (1) In general.--The Secretary of the Navy shall seek to 
     enter into a contract or other agreement with a private-
     sector entity under which the entity shall act as executive 
     agent for the Secretary for purposes of the contract under 
     subsection (a).
       (2) Responsibilities.--The executive agent described in 
     paragraph (1) shall be responsible for--
       (A) selecting a shipyard for the construction of the 
     sealift vessel;
       (B) managing and overseeing the construction of the sealift 
     vessel; and
       (C) such other matters as the Secretary of the Navy 
     determines to be appropriate
       (f) Use of Incremental Funding.--With respect to the 
     contract entered into under subsection (a), the Secretary of 
     the Navy may use incremental funding to make payments under 
     the contract.
       (g) Sealift Vessel Defined.--In this section, the term 
     ``sealift vessel'' means the sealift vessel constructed for 
     the National Defense Reserve Fleet pursuant to the contract 
     entered into under subsection (a).

                     Subtitle C--Air Force Programs

     SEC. 121. MODIFICATION OF REQUIREMENT TO PRESERVE CERTAIN C-5 
                   AIRCRAFT.

       Section 141(d) of the National Defense Authorization Act 
     for Fiscal Year 2013 (Public Law 112-239; 126 Stat. 1661) is 
     amended--
       (1) in paragraph (1), by striking ``until the date that is 
     30 days after the date on which the briefing under section 
     144(b) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
     Year 2018 is provided to the congressional defense 
     committees''; and
       (2) in paragraph (2)(A), by striking ``can be returned to 
     service'' and inserting ``is inducted into or maintained in 
     type 1000 recallable storage''.

     SEC. 122. MODIFICATION OF LIMITATION ON USE OF FUNDS FOR KC-
                   46A AIRCRAFT.

       Section 146(a)(1) of the John S. McCain National Defense 
     Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2019 (Public Law 115-232) 
     is amended by striking ``the military type certification'' 
     and inserting ``either the military type certification or a 
     military flight release''.

     SEC. 123. F-15EX AIRCRAFT PROGRAM.

       (a) Designation of Major Subprogram.--In accordance with 
     section 2430a of title 10, United States Code, the Secretary 
     of Defense shall designate the F-15EX program as a major 
     subprogram of the F-15 aircraft program.
       (b) Limitation.--Except as provided in subsection (c), none 
     of the funds authorized to be appropriated by this Act or 
     otherwise made available for fiscal year 2020 for the Air 
     Force may be obligated or expended to procure an F-15EX 
     aircraft until a period of 30 days has elapsed following the 
     date on which the Secretary of the Air Force submits to the 
     congressional defense committees the following documentation 
     relating to the F-15EX program:
       (1) A program acquisition strategy.
       (2) An acquisition program baseline.
       (3) A test and evaluation master plan.
       (4) A life-cycle sustainment plan.
       (5) A post-production fielding strategy.
       (c) Exception for Production of Prototypes.--
       (1) In general.--Notwithstanding subsection (b), the 
     Secretary of the Air Force may use the funds described in 
     paragraph (2) to develop, produce, and test not more than two 
     prototypes of the F-15EX aircraft.
       (2) Funds described.--The funds described in this paragraph 
     are funds authorized to be appropriated by this Act or 
     otherwise made available for fiscal year 2020 for the Air 
     Force for any of the following:
       (A) Research and development, nonrecurring engineering.
       (B) Aircraft procurement.
       (d) F-15EX Program Defined.--In this section, the term ``F-
     15EX program'' means the F-15EX aircraft program of the Air 
     Force as described in the materials submitted to Congress by 
     the Secretary of Defense in support of the budget of the 
     President for fiscal year 2020 (as submitted to Congress 
     under section 1105(a) of title 31, United States Code).

     SEC. 124. PROHIBITION ON AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS FOR REDUCTION 
                   IN KC-10 PRIMARY MISSION AIRCRAFT INVENTORY.

       None of the funds authorized to be appropriated by this Act 
     or otherwise made available for fiscal year 2020 for the Air 
     Force may be obligated or expended to reduce the number of 
     KC-10 aircraft in the primary mission aircraft inventory of 
     the Air Force.

     SEC. 125. LIMITATION ON AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS FOR VC-25B 
                   AIRCRAFT.

       (a) Limitation.--None of the funds authorized to be 
     appropriated by this Act or otherwise made available for 
     fiscal year 2020 or any subsequent fiscal year for the Air 
     Force may be obligated or expended to carry out over-and-
     above work on the VC-25B aircraft until the date on which the 
     Secretary of the Air Force certifies to the congressional 
     defense committees that--
       (1) with respect to work relating to aircraft paint scheme, 
     interiors and livery, such work will not result in changes to 
     the VC-25B aircraft that cause the aircraft to exceed--
       (A) the specification requirements applicable to the VC-25A 
     aircraft; or
       (B) the quality or grade of the VC-25A aircraft;
       (2) the livery for the VC-25B aircraft will comply with the 
     criteria set forth in the report of the Boeing Company titled 
     ``Phase II Aircraft Livery and Paint Study Final Report'' as 
     submitted to the Federal Government in April 2017;

[[Page H5360]]

       (3) such work is not a result of late design changes made 
     by the Federal Government to the interior design of the VC-
     25B aircraft; and
       (4) such work is not a result of rework that exceeds the 
     criteria set forth in the report of the Boeing Company titled 
     ``Presidential Quality Interior Acceptance Standards Report'' 
     as submitted to the Federal Government in September 2018.
       (b) Over-and-above Work Defined.--In this section, the term 
     ``over-and-above work'' means work discovered during the 
     course of performing overhaul, maintenance, or repair efforts 
     that--
       (1) is within the general scope of the contract pursuant to 
     which such efforts are carried out;
       (2) is not covered by a line item for the basic work under 
     the contract; and
       (3) is necessary in order to satisfactorily complete the 
     contract.

     SEC. 126. LIMITATION ON AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS FOR RETIREMENT 
                   OF RC-135 AIRCRAFT.

       (a) Limitation.--Except as provided in subsection (b), none 
     of the funds authorized to be appropriated by this Act or 
     otherwise made available for fiscal year 2020 for the Air 
     Force may be obligated or expended to retire, or prepare to 
     retire, any RC-135 aircraft until a period of 60 days has 
     elapsed following the date on which the Secretary of Defense 
     certifies to the congressional defense committees that--
       (1) technologies other than the RC-135 aircraft provide 
     capacity and capabilities equivalent to the capacity and 
     capabilities of the RC-135 aircraft; and
       (2) the capacity and capabilities of such other 
     technologies meet the requirements of combatant commanders 
     with respect to indications and warning, intelligence 
     preparation of the operational environment, and direct 
     support for kinetic and nonkinetic operations.
       (b) Exception.--The limitation in subsection (a) shall not 
     apply to individual RC-135 aircraft that the Secretary of the 
     Air Force determines, on a case-by-case basis, to be no 
     longer mission capable because of mishaps, other damage, or 
     being uneconomical to repair.

     SEC. 127. REPORT ON AIRCRAFT FLEET OF THE CIVIL AIR PATROL.

       (a) Report.--Not later than 90 days after the date of the 
     enactment of this Act, the Secretary of the Air Force shall 
     submit to the congressional defense committees a report on 
     the aircraft fleet of the Civil Air Patrol.
       (b) Elements.--The report required by subsection (a) shall 
     include an assessment of each of the following:
       (1) Whether the number of aircraft, types of aircraft, and 
     operating locations that comprise the Civil Air Patrol fleet 
     are suitable for the missions and responsibilities assigned 
     to the Civil Air Patrol, including--
       (A) flight proficiency and training;
       (B) operational mission training; and
       (C) support for cadet orientation and cadet flight training 
     programs in the Civil Air Patrol wing of each State.
       (2) The ideal overall size of the Civil Air Patrol aircraft 
     fleet, including a description of the factors used to 
     determine that ideal size.
       (3) The process used by the Civil Air Patrol and the Air 
     Force to determine the number and location of aircraft 
     operating locations and whether State Civil Air Patrol wing 
     commanders are appropriately involved in that process.
       (4) The process used by the Civil Air Patrol, the Air 
     Force, and other relevant entities to determine the type and 
     number of aircraft that are needed to support the emergency, 
     operational, and training missions of the Civil Air Patrol.

       Subtitle D--Defense-wide, Joint, and Multiservice Matters

     SEC. 131. ECONOMIC ORDER QUANTITY CONTRACTING AND BUY-TO-
                   BUDGET ACQUISITION FOR F-35 AIRCRAFT PROGRAM.

       (a) Economic Order Quantity Contract Authority.--
       (1) In general.--Subject to paragraphs (2) through (5), 
     from amounts made available for obligation under the F-35 
     aircraft program for fiscal year 2020, the Secretary of 
     Defense may enter into one or more contracts, beginning with 
     the fiscal year 2020 program year, for the procurement of 
     economic order quantities of material and equipment that has 
     completed formal hardware qualification testing for the F-35 
     aircraft program for use in procurement contracts to be 
     awarded for such program during fiscal years 2021, 2022, and 
     2023.
       (2) Limitation.--The total amount obligated under all 
     contracts entered into under paragraph (1) shall not exceed 
     $574,000,000.
       (3) Preliminary findings.--Before entering into a contract 
     under paragraph (1), the Secretary of Defense shall make each 
     of the following findings with respect to such contract:
       (A) The use of such a contract will result in significant 
     savings of the total anticipated costs of carrying out the 
     program through annual contracts.
       (B) The minimum need for the property to be procured is 
     expected to remain substantially unchanged during the 
     contemplated contract period in terms of production rate, 
     procurement rate, and total quantities.
       (C) There is a reasonable expectation that, throughout the 
     contemplated contract period, the Secretary will request 
     funding for the contract at the level required to avoid 
     contract cancellation.
       (D) That there is a stable, certified, and qualified design 
     for the property to be procured and that the technical risks 
     and redesign risks associated with such property are low.
       (E) The estimates of both the cost of the contract and the 
     anticipated cost avoidance through the use of an economic 
     order quantity contract are realistic.
       (F) Entering into the contract will promote the national 
     security interests of the United States.
       (4) Certification requirement.--Except as provided in 
     paragraph (5), the Secretary of Defense may not enter into a 
     contract under paragraph (1) until a period of 30 days has 
     elapsed following the date on which the Secretary certifies 
     to the congressional defense committees, in writing, that 
     each of the following conditions is satisfied:
       (A) A sufficient number of end items of the system being 
     acquired under such contract have been delivered at or within 
     the most recently available estimates of the program 
     acquisition unit cost or procurement unit cost for such 
     system to determine that the estimates of the unit costs are 
     realistic.
       (B) During the fiscal year in which such contract is to be 
     awarded, sufficient funds will be available to perform the 
     contract in such fiscal year, and the future-years defense 
     program submitted to Congress under section 221 of title 10, 
     United States Code, for that fiscal year will include the 
     funding required to execute the program without cancellation.
       (C) The contract is a fixed-price type contract.
       (D) The proposed contract provides for production at not 
     less than minimum economic rates given the existing tooling 
     and facilities.
       (E) The Secretary has determined that each of the 
     conditions described in subparagraphs (A) through (F) of 
     paragraph (3) will be met by such contract and has provided 
     the basis for such determination to the congressional defense 
     committees.
       (F) The determination under subparagraph (E) was made after 
     the completion of a cost analysis performed by the Director 
     of Cost Assessment and Program Evaluation for the purpose of 
     section 2334 of title 10, United States Code, and the 
     analysis supports that determination.
       (5) Exception.--Notwithstanding paragraph (4), the 
     Secretary of Defense may enter into a contract under 
     paragraph (1) on or after March 1, 2020, if--
       (A) the Director of Cost Assessment and Program Evaluation 
     has not completed a cost analysis of the preliminary findings 
     made by the Secretary under paragraph (3) with respect to the 
     contract;
       (B) the Secretary certifies to the congressional defense 
     committees, in writing, that each of the conditions described 
     in subparagraphs (A) through (E) of paragraph (4) is 
     satisfied; and
       (C) a period of 30 days has elapsed following the date on 
     which the Secretary submits the certification under 
     subparagraph (B).
       (b) Buy-to-budget Acquisition.--Subject to section 2308 of 
     title 10, United States Code, using funds authorized to be 
     appropriated by this Act for the procurement of F-35 
     aircraft, the Secretary of Defense may procure a quantity of 
     F-35 aircraft in excess of the quantity authorized by this 
     Act if such additional procurement does not require 
     additional funds to be authorized to be appropriated because 
     of production efficiencies or other cost reductions.

     SEC. 132. PROGRAM REQUIREMENTS FOR THE F-35 AIRCRAFT PROGRAM.

       (a) Designation of Major Subprogram.--In accordance with 
     section 2430a of title 10, United States Code, the Secretary 
     of Defense shall designate F-35 Block 4 as a major subprogram 
     of the F-35 aircraft program.
       (b) Cost Estimates.--
       (1) Joint cost estimate.--The Secretary of the Air Force 
     and the Secretary of the Navy shall jointly develop a joint 
     service cost estimate for the life-cycle costs of the F-35 
     aircraft program.
       (2) Independent cost estimate.--The Director of Cost 
     Assessment and Program Evaluation shall develop an 
     independent cost estimate for the life-cycle costs of the F-
     35 aircraft program.
       (3) Submittal to congress.--The cost estimates required 
     under paragraphs (1) and (2) shall be submitted to the 
     congressional defense committees not later than 180 days 
     after the date of the enactment of this Act.
       (c) Revision of Program Elements.--
       (1) Revision required.--The Secretary of Defense shall 
     revise the program elements applicable to the F-35 aircraft 
     program as follows:
       (A) Research and development.--The program element for 
     research and development costs (as that element was specified 
     in the materials submitted to Congress by the Secretary of 
     Defense in support of the budget of the President for fiscal 
     year 2020 (as submitted to Congress under section 1105(a) of 
     title 31, United States Code)) shall be separated into the 
     following individual program elements:
       (i) System development and demonstration closeout.
       (ii) F-35 Block 4.
       (iii) Autonomic logistics information system development 
     and upgrades.
       (iv) Dual-capable aircraft.
       (v) Test infrastructure.
       (vi) Additional program budget elements, as required, for 
     each modernization or upgrade effort initiated after F-35 
     Block 4.
       (B) Procurement.--The program element for procurement costs 
     (as that element was specified in the materials submitted to 
     Congress by the Secretary of Defense in support of the budget 
     of the President for fiscal year 2020 (as submitted to 
     Congress under section 1105(a) of title 31, United States 
     Code)) shall be separated into the following individual 
     program elements:
       (i) Recurring fly-away and ancillary equipment.
       (ii) Non-recurring fly-away and ancillary equipment.
       (iii) F-35 Block 4.
       (iv) Autonomic logistics information system.
       (v) Dual-capable aircraft.
       (vi) Engineering support.
       (vii) Aircraft retrofit and modification.
       (viii) Depot activation.
       (ix) Initial spares.
       (x) Production support.
       (2) Inclusion in budget materials.--The Secretary of 
     Defense shall ensure that each revised program element 
     described in paragraph

[[Page H5361]]

     (1) is included, with a specific dollar amount, in the 
     materials relating to the F-35 aircraft program submitted to 
     Congress by the Secretary of Defense in support of the budget 
     of the President (as submitted to Congress under section 
     1105(a) of title 31, United States Code) for fiscal year 2021 
     and each fiscal year thereafter until the date on which the 
     F-35 aircraft program terminates.
       (d) Comptroller General Reports.--
       (1) Annual report required.--Not later than 30 days after 
     the date on which the budget of the President is submitted to 
     Congress under section 1105(a) of title 31, United States 
     Code, for each of fiscal years 2021 through 2025, the 
     Comptroller General of the United States shall submit to the 
     congressional defense committees a report on the F-35 
     aircraft program.
       (2) Elements.--Each report under paragraph (1) shall 
     include, with respect to the F-35 aircraft program, the 
     following:
       (A) An assessment of the progress of manufacturing 
     processes improvement under the program.
       (B) The business case analysis of the Department of Defense 
     for F-35 Block 4 follow-on modernization efforts.
       (C) The progress and results of F-35 Block 4 and other 
     follow-on modernization development and testing efforts.
       (D) The Department's schedule for delivering software 
     upgrades in six-month, scheduled increments.
       (E) The progress and results of any other significant 
     hardware development and fielding efforts necessary for F-35 
     Block 4.
       (F) Any other issues the Comptroller General determines to 
     be appropriate.
       (e) F-35 Block 4 Defined.--In this section, the term ``F-35 
     Block 4'' means Block 4 capability upgrades for the F-35 
     aircraft program as described in the Selected Acquisition 
     Report for the program submitted to Congress in March 2019, 
     pursuant to section 2432 of title 10, United States Code.

     SEC. 133. REPORTS ON F-35 AIRCRAFT PROGRAM.

       (a) Report on F-35 Reliability and Maintainability 
     Metrics.--The Secretary of Defense shall submit to the 
     congressional defense committees a report on the reliability 
     and maintainability metrics for the F-35 aircraft. The report 
     shall include the following:
       (1) The results of a review and assessment, conducted by 
     the program office for the F-35 aircraft program, of the 
     reliability and maintainability metrics for the aircraft as 
     set forth in the most recent operational requirements 
     document for the program.
       (2) A determination of whether the reliability and 
     maintainability metrics for the aircraft, as set forth in the 
     most recent operational requirements document for the 
     program, are feasible and attainable, and what changes, if 
     any, will be made to update the metrics.
       (3) A certification that the program office for the F-35 
     aircraft program has revised the reliability and 
     maintainability improvement plan for the aircraft--
       (A) to identify specific and measurable reliability and 
     maintainability objectives in the improvement plan guidance; 
     and
       (B) to identify and document which projects included in the 
     improvement plan will achieve the objectives identified under 
     subparagraph (A).
       (b) Report on F-35 Block 4.--
       (1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense shall submit to 
     the congressional defense committees a report on F-35 Block 
     4. The report shall include the following:
       (A) The results of an independent cost estimate for F-35 
     Block 4 conducted by the Director of Cost Assessment and 
     Program Evaluation.
       (B) A test and evaluation master plan, approved by the 
     Director of Operational Test and Evaluation, that addresses 
     testing resources, testing aircraft shortfalls, and testing 
     funding.
       (C) A technology readiness assessment of all technologies 
     and capabilities planned for F-35 Block 4 conducted by the 
     Under Secretary of Defense for Research and Engineering.
       (D) A review of the feasibility of the continuous 
     capability development and delivery strategy for fielding F-
     35 Block 4 technologies conducted by the Under Secretary of 
     Defense for Research and Engineering.
       (2) F-35 block 4 defined.--In this subsection, the term 
     ``F-35 Block 4'' has the meaning given that term in section 
     132(e).
       (c) Report on F-35 Autonomic Logistics Information 
     System.--The Secretary of Defense shall submit to the 
     congressional defense committees a report on the autonomic 
     logistics information system of the F-35 aircraft. The report 
     shall include a description of each of the following:
       (1) All shortfalls, capability gaps, and deficiencies in 
     the system that have been identified as of the date of the 
     enactment of this Act.
       (2) The strategy and performance requirements that will be 
     implemented to improve the system.
       (3) The strategy, implementation plan, schedule, and 
     estimated costs of developing and fielding--
       (A) the next generation of the system; or
       (B) future increments of the system.
       (d) Deadline for Submittal.--The reports required under 
     subsections (a) through (c) shall be submitted to the 
     congressional defense committees not later than 180 days 
     after the date of the enactment of this Act.

         TITLE II--RESEARCH, DEVELOPMENT, TEST, AND EVALUATION

              Subtitle A--Authorization of Appropriations

     SEC. 201. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

       Funds are hereby authorized to be appropriated for fiscal 
     year 2020 for the use of the Department of Defense for 
     research, development, test, and evaluation, as specified in 
     the funding table in section 4201.

    Subtitle B--Program Requirements, Restrictions, and Limitations

     SEC. 211. PROGRAM ON ENHANCEMENT OF PREPARATION OF DEPENDENTS 
                   OF MEMBERS OF ARMED FORCES FOR CAREERS IN 
                   SCIENCE, TECHNOLOGY, ENGINEERING, AND 
                   MATHEMATICS.

       (a) Program Required.--Chapter 111 of title 10, United 
     States Code, is amended by inserting after section 2192a the 
     following new section:

     ``Sec. 2192b. Program on enhancement of preparation of 
       dependents of members of armed forces for careers in 
       science, technology, engineering, and mathematics

       ``(a) Program Required.--The Secretary of Defense shall 
     carry out a program to--
       ``(1) enhance the preparation of students at covered 
     schools for careers in science, technology, engineering, and 
     mathematics; and
       ``(2) provide assistance to teachers at covered schools to 
     enhance preparation described in paragraph (1).
       ``(b) Coordination.--In carrying out the program, the 
     Secretary shall coordinate with the following:
       ``(1) The Secretaries of the military departments.
       ``(2) The Secretary of Education.
       ``(3) The National Science Foundation.
       ``(4) Other organizations as the Secretary of Defense 
     considers appropriate.
       ``(c) Activities.--Activities under the program may include 
     the following:
       ``(1) Establishment of targeted internships and cooperative 
     research opportunities at defense laboratories and other 
     technical centers for students and teachers at covered 
     schools.
       ``(2) Establishment of scholarships and fellowships for 
     students at covered schools.
       ``(3) Efforts and activities that improve the quality of 
     science, technology, engineering, and mathematics educational 
     and training opportunities for students and teachers at 
     covered schools, including with respect to improving the 
     development of curricula at covered schools.
       ``(4) Development of travel opportunities, demonstrations, 
     mentoring programs, and informal science education for 
     students and teachers at covered schools.
       ``(d) Metrics.--The Secretary shall establish outcome-based 
     metrics and internal and external assessments to evaluate the 
     merits and benefits of activities conducted under the program 
     with respect to the needs of the Department of Defense.
       ``(e) Covered Schools Defined.--In this section, the term 
     `covered schools' means elementary or secondary schools at 
     which the Secretary determines a significant number of 
     dependents of members of the armed forces are enrolled.''.
       (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the 
     beginning of such chapter is amended by inserting after the 
     item relating to section 2192a the following new item:

``2192b. Program on enhancement of preparation of dependents of members 
              of armed forces for careers in science, technology, 
              engineering, and mathematics.''.
       (c) Conforming Repeal.--Section 233 of the Carl Levin and 
     Howard P. ``Buck'' McKeon National Defense Authorization Act 
     for Fiscal Year 2015 (Public Law 113-291; 10 U.S.C. 2193a 
     note) is repealed.

     SEC. 212. TEMPORARY INCLUSION OF JOINT ARTIFICIAL 
                   INTELLIGENCE CENTER OF THE DEPARTMENT OF 
                   DEFENSE IN PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT AUTHORITY TO 
                   ATTRACT EXPERTS IN SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING.

       (a) In General.--Subsection (a) of section 1599h of title 
     10, United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the 
     following new paragraph:
       ``(6) Joint artificial intelligence center.--The Director 
     of the Joint Artificial Intelligence Center may carry out a 
     program of personnel management authority provided in 
     subsection (b) in order to facilitate recruitment of eminent 
     experts in science or engineering for the Center. The 
     authority to carry out the program under this paragraph shall 
     terminate on December 31, 2024.''.
       (b) Scope of Appointment Authority.--Subsection (b)(1) of 
     such section is amended--
       (1) in subparagraph (D), by striking ``and'' at the end;
       (2) in subparagraph (E), by adding ``and'' at the end; and
       (3) by adding at the end the following new subparagraph:
       ``(F) in the case of the Joint Artificial Intelligence 
     Center, appoint scientists and engineers to a total of not 
     more than 5 scientific and engineering positions in the 
     Center;''.
       (c) Extension of Terms of Appointment.--Subsection (c)(2) 
     of such section is amended by striking ``or the Defense 
     Innovation Unit Experimental'' and inserting ``the Defense 
     Innovation Unit Experimental, or the Joint Artificial 
     Intelligence Center''.

     SEC. 213. JOINT HYPERSONICS TRANSITION OFFICE.

       Section 218 of the John Warner National Defense 
     Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2007 (Public Law 109-364; 
     10 U.S.C. 2358 note) is amended--
       (1) in subsection (a), by striking ``the program required 
     under subsection (b), and shall'' and inserting ``the program 
     and activities described in subsections (d) through (g), and 
     shall'';
       (2) by redesignating subsections (b) through (e) as 
     subsections (d) through (g), respectively;
       (3) by inserting after subsection (a) the following new 
     subsections:
       ``(b) Director.--There is a Director of the Office 
     (referred to in this section as the `Director'). The Director 
     shall be appointed by the Secretary of Defense and shall 
     serve as the senior official

[[Page H5362]]

     in the Department of Defense with principal responsibility 
     for carrying out the program and activities described in 
     subsections (d) through (g). The Director shall report to the 
     Assistant Director for Hypersonics within the Office of the 
     Under Secretary of Defense for Research and Engineering.
       ``(c) University Consortium.--
       ``(1) Designation.--The Director shall designate a 
     consortium of institutions of higher education (as that term 
     is defined in section 101 of the Higher Education Act of 1965 
     (20 U.S.C. 1001)) to lead foundational hypersonic research in 
     research areas that the Director determines to be appropriate 
     for the Department of Defense.
       ``(2) Availability of information.--The Director shall 
     ensure that the research results and reports of the 
     consortium are made available across the Federal Government, 
     the private sector, and academia, consistent with appropriate 
     security classification guidance.'';
       (4) in subsection (d), by striking ``The Office'' and 
     inserting ``The Director'';
       (5) in subsection (e), as so redesignated--
       (A) in the matter preceding paragraph (1), by striking 
     ``program required by subsection (b), the Office'' and 
     inserting ``program required by subsection (d), the 
     Director'';
       (B) in paragraph (3)(A), by striking ``private sector'' and 
     inserting ``private-sector academic''; and
       (C) in paragraph (5), by striking ``certified under 
     subsection (e) as being consistent with the roadmap under 
     subsection (d)'' and inserting ``certified under subsection 
     (g) as being consistent with the roadmap under subsection 
     (f)'';
       (6) in subsection (f), as so redesignated--
       (A) in paragraph (3)--
       (i) in subparagraph (C)--

       (I) in clause (i), by striking ``and'' at the end;
       (II) in clause (ii), by striking the period at the end and 
     inserting ``; and''; and
       (III) by adding at the end the following new clause:

       ``(iii) the activities and resources of the consortium 
     designated by the Director under subsection (c) to be 
     leveraged by the Department to meet such goals.''; and
       (ii) in subparagraph (D), by striking ``facilities'' both 
     places it appears and inserting ``facilities and 
     infrastructure''; and
       (B) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
       ``(4) Submittal to congress.--
       ``(A) Initial submission.--Not later than 180 days after 
     the date of the enactment of this paragraph, the Secretary of 
     Defense shall submit to the congressional defense committees 
     the roadmap developed under paragraph (1).
       ``(B) Subsequent submissions.--The Secretary of Defense 
     shall submit to the congressional defense committees each 
     roadmap revised under paragraph (1) together with the budget 
     submitted to Congress under section 1105 of title 31, United 
     States Code, for the fiscal year concerned.'';
       (7) in subsection (g), as so redesignated--
       (A) by striking ``subsection (d)'' each place it appears 
     and inserting ``subsection (f)'';
       (B) in paragraph (1)--
       (i) in the matter preceding subparagraph (A), by striking 
     ``The Office'' and insert ``The Director'';
       (ii) in subparagraph (A) by striking ``research, 
     development, test, and evaluation and demonstration programs 
     within the Department of Defense'' and inserting ``defense-
     wide research, development, test, and evaluation and 
     demonstration programs''; and
       (iii) in subparagraph (B), by striking ``the hypersonics'' 
     and inserting ``all hypersonics'';
       (C) in paragraph (2), by striking ``The Office'' and 
     inserting ``The Director''; and
       (D) in paragraph (3), by striking ``2016'' and inserting 
     ``2026''; and
       (8) by adding at the end the following new subsection:
       ``(h) Funding.--The Secretary may make available such funds 
     to the Office for basic research, applied research, advanced 
     technology development, prototyping, studies and analyses, 
     and organizational support as the Secretary considers 
     appropriate to support the efficient and effective 
     development of hypersonics technologies and transition of 
     those systems and technologies into acquisition programs or 
     operational use.''.

     SEC. 214. MODIFICATION OF PROOF OF CONCEPT COMMERCIALIZATION 
                   PROGRAM.

       (a) Extension of Program.--Section 1603(g) of the National 
     Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2014 (Public Law 
     113-66; 10 U.S.C. 2359 note) is amended by striking ``2019'' 
     and inserting ``2024''.
       (b) Additional Improvements.--Section 1603 of such Act, as 
     amended by subsection (a), is further amended--
       (1) in the section heading, by inserting ``of dual-use 
     technology'' after ``commercialization'';
       (2) in subsection (a)--
       (A) by inserting ``of Dual-Use Technology'' before 
     ``Program''; and
       (B) by inserting ``with a focus on priority defense 
     technology areas that attract public and private sector 
     funding, as well as private sector investment capital, 
     including from venture capital firms in the United States,'' 
     before ``in accordance'';
       (3) in subsection (c)(4)(A)(iv), by inserting ``, which may 
     include access to venture capital'' after ``award'';
       (4) by striking subsection (d);
       (5) by redesignating subsection (e) as subsection (d);
       (6) by striking subsection (f); and
       (7) by adding at the end the following new subsection (e):
       ``(e) Authorities.--In carrying out this section, the 
     Secretary may use the following authorities:
       ``(1) Section 1599g of title 10 of the United States Code, 
     relating to public-private talent exchanges.
       ``(2) Section 2368 of such title, relating to Centers for 
     Science, Technology, and Engineering Partnerships.
       ``(3) Section 2374a of such title, relating to prizes for 
     advanced technology achievements.
       ``(4) Section 2474 of such title, relating to Centers of 
     Industrial and Technical Excellence.
       ``(5) Section 2521 of such title, relating to the 
     Manufacturing Technology Program.
       ``(6) Section 225 of the National Defense Authorization Act 
     for Fiscal Year 2018 (Public Law 115-91; 10 U.S.C. 2359 
     note).
       ``(7) Section 1711 of such Act (Public Law 115-91; 10 
     U.S.C. 2505 note), relating to a pilot program on 
     strengthening manufacturing in the defense industrial base.
       ``(8) Section 12 of the Stevenson-Wydler Technology 
     Innovation Act of 1980 (15 U.S.C. 3710a) and section 6305 of 
     title 31, United States Code, relating to cooperative 
     research and development agreements.''.

     SEC. 215. CONTRACT FOR NATIONAL SECURITY RESEARCH STUDIES.

       (a) Contract Authority.--The Secretary of Defense, acting 
     through the Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and 
     Sustainment, shall seek to enter into a contract with a 
     federally funded research and development center under which 
     the private scientific advisory group known as ``JASON'' will 
     provide national security research studies to the Department 
     of Defense.
       (b) Terms of Contract.--The contract entered into under 
     subsection (a) shall be an indefinite delivery-indefinite 
     quantity contract with terms substantially similar to the 
     terms of the contract in effect before March 28, 2019, under 
     which JASON provided national security research studies to 
     the Department of Defense (solicitation number HQ0034-19-R-
     0011 for JASON National Security Research Studies).
       (c) Termination.--The Secretary of Defense may not 
     terminate the contract under subsection (a) until a period of 
     90 days has elapsed following the date on which the Secretary 
     notifies the congressional defense committees of the intent 
     of the Secretary to terminate the contract.

     SEC. 216. JASON SCIENTIFIC ADVISORY GROUP.

       Pursuant to section 173 of title 10, United States Code, 
     the Secretary of Defense shall seek to engage the members of 
     the private scientific advisory group known as ``JASON'' as 
     advisory personnel to provide advice, on an ongoing basis, on 
     matters involving science, technology, and national security, 
     including methods to defeat existential and technologically-
     amplified threats to national security.

     SEC. 217. DIRECT AIR CAPTURE AND BLUE CARBON REMOVAL 
                   TECHNOLOGY PROGRAM.

       (a) Program Authorized.--
       (1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense, in coordination 
     with the Secretary of Homeland Security, the Secretary of 
     Energy, and the heads of such other Federal agencies as the 
     Secretary of Defense considers appropriate, may carry out a 
     program on research, development, testing, evaluation, study, 
     and demonstration of technologies related to blue carbon 
     capture and direct air capture.
       (2) Program goals.--The goals of the program established 
     under paragraph (1) are as follows:
       (A) To develop technologies that capture carbon dioxide 
     from seawater and the air to turn such carbon dioxide into 
     clean fuels to enhance fuel and energy security.
       (B) To develop and demonstrate technologies that capture 
     carbon dioxide from seawater and the air to reuse such carbon 
     dioxide to create products for military uses.
       (C) To develop direct air capture technologies for use--
       (i) at military installations or facilities of the 
     Department of Defense; or
       (ii) in modes of transportation by the Navy or the Coast 
     Guard.
       (3) Phases.--The program established under paragraph (1) 
     shall be carried out in two phases as follows:
       (A) The first phase may consist of research and development 
     and shall be carried out as described in subsection (b).
       (B) The second phase shall consist of testing and 
     evaluation and shall be carried out as described in 
     subsection (c), if the Secretary determines that the results 
     of the research and development phase justify implementing 
     the testing and evaluation phase.
       (4) Designation.--The program established under paragraph 
     (1) shall be known as the ``Direct Air Capture and Blue 
     Carbon Removal Technology Program'' (in this section referred 
     to as the ``Program'').
       (b) Research and Development Phase.--
       (1) In general.--During the research and development phase 
     of the Program, the Secretary of Defense may conduct research 
     and development in pursuit of the goals set forth in 
     subsection (a)(2).
       (2) Direct air capture.--The research and development phase 
     of the Program may include, with respect to direct air 
     capture, a front end engineering and design study that 
     includes an evaluation of direct air capture designs to 
     produce fuel for use--
       (A) at military installations or facilities of the 
     Department of Defense; or
       (B) in modes of transportation by the Navy or the Coast 
     Guard.
       (3) Duration.--The Secretary may carry out the research and 
     development phase of the Program commencing not later than 90 
     days after the date of the enactment of this Act.
       (4) Grants authorized.--The Secretary may carry out the 
     research and development phase of the Program through the 
     award of grants to private persons and eligible laboratories.
       (5) Report required.--Not later than 180 days after the 
     date of the completion of the research and development phase 
     of the Program,

[[Page H5363]]

     the Secretary shall submit to Congress a report on the 
     research and development carried out under the Program.
       (c) Testing and Evaluation Phase.--
       (1) In general.--During the testing and evaluation phase of 
     the Program, the Secretary may, in pursuit of the goals set 
     forth in subsection (a)(2), conduct tests and evaluations of 
     the technologies researched and developed during the research 
     and development phase of the Program.
       (2) Direct air capture.--The testing and evaluation phase 
     of the Program may include demonstration projects for direct 
     air capture to produce fuel for use--
       (A) at military installations or facilities of the 
     Department of Defense; or
       (B) in modes of transportation by the Navy or the Coast 
     Guard.
       (3) Duration.--Subject to subsection (a)(3)(B), the 
     Secretary may carry out the testing and evaluation phase of 
     the Program commencing on the date of the completion of the 
     research and development phase described in subsection (b), 
     except that the testing and evaluation phase of the Program 
     with respect to direct air capture may commence at such time 
     after a front end engineering and design study demonstrates 
     to the Secretary that commencement of such phase is 
     appropriate.
       (4) Grants authorized.--The Secretary may carry out the 
     testing and evaluation phase of the Program through the award 
     of grants to private persons and eligible laboratories.
       (5) Locations.--The Secretary shall carry out the testing 
     and evaluation phase of the Program at military installations 
     or facilities of the Department of Defense.
       (6) Report required.--Not later than September 30, 2026, 
     the Secretary shall submit to Congress a report on the 
     findings of the Secretary with respect to the effectiveness 
     of the technologies tested and evaluated under the Program.
       (d) Definitions.--In this section:
       (1) Blue carbon capture.--The term ``blue carbon capture'' 
     means the removal of dissolved carbon dioxide from seawater 
     through engineered or inorganic processes, including filters, 
     membranes, or phase change systems.
       (2) Direct air capture.--
       (A) In general.--The term ``direct air capture'', with 
     respect to a facility, technology, or system, means that the 
     facility, technology, or system uses carbon capture equipment 
     to capture carbon dioxide directly from the air.
       (B) Exclusion.--The term ``direct air capture'' does not 
     include any facility, technology, or system that captures 
     carbon dioxide--
       (i) that is deliberately released from a naturally 
     occurring subsurface spring; or
       (ii) using natural photosynthesis.
       (3) Eligible laboratory.--The term ``eligible laboratory'' 
     means--
       (A) a National Laboratory (as defined in section 2 of the 
     Energy Policy Act of 2005 (42 U.S.C. 15801)); or
       (B) the science and technology reinvention laboratories (as 
     designated under section 1105 of the National Defense 
     Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2010 (Public Law 111-84 ; 
     10 U.S.C. 2358 note));
       (C) the Major Range and Test Facility Base (as defined in 
     section 2358a(f)(3) of title 10, United States Code); and
       (D) other facilities that support the research development, 
     test, and evaluation activities of the Department of Defense 
     or Department of Energy.

     SEC. 218. FOREIGN MALIGN INFLUENCE OPERATIONS RESEARCH 
                   PROGRAM.

       (a) Program Required.--The Secretary of Defense, acting 
     through the Under Secretary of Defense for Research and 
     Engineering, shall carry out a research program on foreign 
     malign influence operations research as part of the 
     university and other basic research programs of the 
     Department of Defense (such as the Minerva Research 
     Initiative).
       (b) Program Objectives.--The objectives of the research 
     program shall be the following:
       (1) To enhance the understanding of foreign malign 
     influence operations, including activities conducted on 
     social media platforms.
       (2) To facilitate the compilation, analysis, and storage of 
     publicly available or voluntarily provided indicators of 
     foreign malign influence operations, including those 
     appearing on social media platforms, for the purposes of 
     additional research.
       (3) To promote the development of best practices relating 
     to tactics, techniques, procedures, and technology for the 
     protection of the privacy of the customers and users of the 
     social media platforms and the proprietary information of the 
     social media companies in conducting research and analysis or 
     compiling and storing indicators and key trends of foreign 
     malign influence operations on social media platforms.
       (4) To promote collaborative research and information 
     exchange with other relevant entities within the Department 
     and with other agencies relating to foreign malign influence 
     operations.
       (c) Program Activities.--In order to achieve the objectives 
     specified in subsection (b), the Secretary is authorized to 
     carry out the following activities:
       (1) The Secretary may award research grants to eligible 
     individuals and entities on a competitive basis.
       (2) The Secretary may award financial assistance to 
     graduate students on a competitive basis.
       (d) Report.--Not later than March 1, 2020, the Secretary of 
     Defense shall submit to the congressional defense committees 
     a report on the progress of the Secretary in carrying out the 
     research program under this section, including a description 
     of the activities and research conducted as part of the 
     program.

     SEC. 219. SENSOR DATA INTEGRATION FOR FIFTH GENERATION 
                   AIRCRAFT.

       (a) F-35 Sensor Data.--The Secretary of Defense shall 
     ensure that--
       (1) information collected by the passive and active on-
     board sensors of the F-35 Joint Strike Fighter aircraft is 
     capable of being shared, in real time, with joint service 
     users in cases in which the Joint Force Commander determines 
     that sharing such information would be operationally 
     advantageous; and
       (2) the Secretary has developed achievable, effective, and 
     suitable concepts and supporting technical architectures to 
     collect, store, manage, and disseminate information collected 
     by such sensors.
       (b) GAO Study and Report.--
       (1) Study.--The Comptroller General of the United States 
     shall conduct a study of the sensor data collection and 
     dissemination capability of fifth generation aircraft of the 
     Department of Defense.
       (2) Elements.--The study required by paragraph (1) shall 
     include an assessment of the following--
       (A) the extent to which the Department has established 
     doctrinal, organizational, or technological methods of 
     managing the large amount of sensor data that is currently 
     collected and which may be collected by existing and planned 
     advanced fifth generation aircraft;
       (B) the status of the existing sensor data collection, 
     storage, dissemination, and management capability and 
     capacity of fifth generation aircraft, including the F-35, 
     the F-22, and the B-21; and
       (C) the ability of the F-35 aircraft and other fifth 
     generation aircraft to share information collected by the 
     aircraft in real-time with other joint service users as 
     described in subsection (a)(1).
       (3) Study results.--
       (A) Interim briefing.--Not later than 180 days after the 
     date of the enactment of this Act, the Comptroller General 
     shall provide to the congressional defense committees a 
     briefing on the preliminary findings of the study conducted 
     under this subsection.
       (B) Final results.--The Comptroller General shall provide 
     the final results of the study conducted under this 
     subsection to the congressional defense committees at such 
     time and in such format as is mutually agreed upon by the 
     committees and the Comptroller General at the time of the 
     briefing under subparagraph (A).

     SEC. 220. DOCUMENTATION RELATING TO ADVANCED BATTLE 
                   MANAGEMENT SYSTEM.

       (a) Documentation Required.--Not later than the date 
     specified in subsection (b), the Secretary of the Air Force 
     shall submit to the congressional defense committees the 
     following documentation relating to the Advanced Battle 
     Management System:
       (1) A list that identifies each program, project, and 
     activity that comprises the System.
       (2) The final analysis of alternatives for the System.
       (3) An acquisition strategy for the System, including--
       (A) an outline of each increment of the System; and
       (B) the date on which each increment will reach initial 
     operational capability and full operational capability, 
     respectively.
       (4) A capability development document for the System.
       (5) An acquisition program baseline for the System.
       (6) A test and evaluation master plan for the System.
       (7) A life-cycle sustainment plan for the System.
       (b) Date Specified.--The date specified in this subsection 
     is the earlier of--
       (1) the date that is 180 days after the date on which the 
     final analysis of alternatives for the Advanced Battle 
     Management System is completed; or
       (2) April 1, 2020.
       (c) Advanced Battle Management System Defined.--In this 
     section, the term ``Advanced Battle Management System'' means 
     the Advanced Battle Management System of Systems capability 
     of the Air Force, including each program, project, and 
     activity that comprises such capability.

     SEC. 221. DOCUMENTATION RELATING TO B-52 COMMERCIAL ENGINE 
                   REPLACEMENT PROGRAM.

       (a) Documentation Required.--The Secretary of the Air Force 
     shall submit to the congressional defense committees the 
     following documentation relating to the B-52 commercial 
     engine replacement program of the Air Force:
       (1) A capability development document for the program, 
     approved by the Secretary of the Air Force.
       (2) A test and evaluation master plan for the program, 
     approved by the Director of Operational Test and Evaluation.
       (b) Limitation.--Of the funds authorized to be appropriated 
     by this Act or otherwise made available for fiscal year 2020 
     for the Air Force, not more than 75 percent may be obligated 
     or expended until the date on which the Secretary of the Air 
     Force submits to the congressional defense committees the 
     documentation required under subsection (a).

     SEC. 222. DIVERSIFICATION OF THE SCIENCE, TECHNOLOGY, 
                   RESEARCH, AND ENGINEERING WORKFORCE OF THE 
                   DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE.

       (a) Assessment Required.--
       (1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense, acting through 
     the Under Secretary of Defense for Research and Engineering, 
     shall conduct an assessment of critical skillsets required 
     across the science, technology, research, and engineering 
     workforce of the Department of Defense to support emerging 
     and future warfighter technologies.
       (2) Elements.--The assessment required by paragraph (1) 
     shall include analysis of the following:
       (A) The percentage of women and minorities employed in the 
     workforce as of the date of the assessment.

[[Page H5364]]

       (B) The percentage of grants, fellowships, and funding 
     awarded to minorities and women.
       (C) The effectiveness of existing hiring and attraction 
     incentives, other encouragements, and required service 
     agreement commitments in attracting and retaining minorities 
     and women in the workforce of the Department after such 
     individuals complete work on Department-funded research 
     projects, grant projects, fellowships, and STEM programs.
       (D) The geographical diversification of the workforce and 
     the operating costs of the workforce across various 
     geographic regions.
       (b) Plan Required.--
       (1) In general.--Based on the results of the assessment 
     conducted under subsection (a), the Secretary of Defense, 
     acting through the Under Secretary of Defense for Research 
     and Engineering, shall develop and implement a plan to 
     diversify and strengthen the science, technology, research, 
     and engineering workforce of the Department of Defense.
       (2) Elements.--The plan required by paragraph (1) shall--
       (A) align with science and technology strategy priorities 
     of the Department of Defense, including the emerging and 
     future warfighter technology requirements identified by the 
     Department;
       (B) except as provided in subsection (c)(2), set forth 
     steps for the implementation of each recommendation included 
     in the 2013 report of the RAND corporation titled ``First 
     Steps Toward Improving DoD STEM Workforce Diversity'';
       (C) harness the full range of the Department's STEM 
     programs and other Department-sponsored programs to develop 
     and attract top talent;
       (D) use existing authorities to attract and retain 
     students, academics, and other talent;
       (E) establish and use contracts, agreements, or other 
     arrangements with institutions of higher education (as 
     defined in section 101 of the Higher Education Act of 1965 
     (20 U.S.C. 1001)), including historically black colleges and 
     universities and other minority-serving institutions (as 
     described in section 371(a) of such Act (20 U.S.C. 1067q(a)) 
     to enable easy and efficient access to research and 
     researchers for Government-sponsored basic and applied 
     research and studies at each institution, including 
     contracts, agreements, and other authorized arrangements such 
     as those authorized under--
       (i) section 217 of the National Defense Authorization Act 
     for Fiscal Year 2018 (Public Law 115-91; 10 U.S.C. 2358 
     note); and
       (ii) such other authorities as the Secretary determines to 
     be appropriate; and
       (F) include recommendations for changes in authorities, 
     regulations, policies, or any other relevant areas, that 
     would support the achievement of the goals set forth in the 
     plan.
       (3) Submittal to congress.--Not later than one year after 
     the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of 
     Defense shall submit to the congressional defense committees 
     a report that includes--
       (A) the plan developed under paragraph (1); and
       (B) with respect to each recommendation described in 
     paragraph (2)(B) that the Secretary implemented or expects to 
     implement--
       (i) a summary of actions that have been taken to implement 
     the recommendation; and
       (ii) a schedule, with specific milestones, for completing 
     the implementation of the recommendation.
       (c) Deadline for Implementation.--
       (1) In general.--Except as provided in paragraph (2), not 
     later than 18 months after the date of the enactment of this 
     Act the Secretary of Defense shall carry out activities to 
     implement the plan developed under subsection (b).
       (2) Exception for implementation of certain 
     recommendations.--
       (A) Delayed implementation.--The Secretary of Defense may 
     commence implementation of a recommendation described in 
     subsection (b)(2)(B) after the date specified in paragraph 
     (1) if the Secretary provides the congressional defense 
     committees with a specific justification for the delay in 
     implementation of such recommendation on or before such date.
       (B) Nonimplementation.--The Secretary of Defense may opt 
     not to implement a recommendation described in subsection 
     (b)(2)(B) if the Secretary provides to the congressional 
     defense committees, on or before the date specified in 
     paragraph (1)--
       (i) a specific justification for the decision not to 
     implement the recommendation; and
       (ii) a summary of the alternative actions the Secretary 
     plans to take to address the issues underlying the 
     recommendation.
       (d) STEM Defined.--In this section, the term ``STEM'' means 
     science, technology, engineering, and mathematics.

     SEC. 223. POLICY ON THE TALENT MANAGEMENT OF DIGITAL 
                   EXPERTISE AND SOFTWARE PROFESSIONALS.

       (a) Policy.--
       (1) In general.--It shall be a policy of the Department of 
     Defense to promote and maintain digital expertise and 
     software development as core competencies of civilian and 
     military workforces of the Department, and as a capability to 
     support the National Defense Strategy, which policy shall be 
     achieved by--
       (A) the recruitment, development, and incentivization of 
     retention in and to the civilian and military workforce of 
     the Department of individuals with aptitude, experience, 
     proficient expertise, or a combination thereof in digital 
     expertise and software development;
       (B) at the discretion of the Secretaries of the military 
     departments, the development and maintenance of civilian and 
     military career tracks related to digital expertise, and 
     related digital competencies for members of the Armed Forces, 
     including the development and maintenance of training, 
     education, talent management, incentives, and promotion 
     policies in support of members at all levels of such career 
     tracks; and
       (C) the development and application of appropriate 
     readiness standards and metrics to measure and report on the 
     overall capability, capacity, utilization, and readiness of 
     digital engineering professionals to develop and deliver 
     operational capabilities and employ modern business 
     practices.
       (2) Definitions.--For purposes of this section, ``digital 
     engineering'' is the discipline and set of skills involved in 
     the creation, processing, transmission, integration, and 
     storage of digital data, (including but not limited to data 
     science, machine learning, software engineering, software 
     product management, and artificial intelligence product 
     management).
       (b) Responsibility.--
       (1) Appointment of officer.--Not later than 270 days after 
     the date of enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense 
     shall appoint a civilian official responsible for the 
     development and implementation of the policy set forth in 
     subsection (a). The official shall be known as the ``Chief 
     Digital Engineering Recruitment and Management Officer of the 
     Department of Defense'' (in this section referred to as the 
     ``Officer'').
       (2) Expiration of appointment.--The appointment of the 
     Officer under paragraph (1) shall expire on September 30, 
     2029.
       (c) Duties.--In developing and providing for the discharge 
     of the policy set forth in subsection (a), the Officer shall 
     work with the Assistant Secretaries of the military 
     departments for Manpower and Reserve Affairs to carry out the 
     following:
       (1) Develop for, and enhance within, the recruitment 
     programs of each Armed Force various core initiatives, 
     programs, activities, and mechanisms, tailored to the unique 
     needs of each Armed Force, to identify and recruit civilian 
     employees and members of the Armed Forces with demonstrated 
     aptitude, interest, and proficiency in digital engineering, 
     and in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics 
     (STEM) generally, including initiatives, programs, 
     activities, and mechanisms to target populations of 
     individuals not typically aware of opportunities in the 
     Department of Defense for a digital engineering career.
       (2) Identify and share with the military departments best 
     practices around the development of flexible career tracks 
     and identifiers for digital engineering and related digital 
     competencies and meaningful opportunities for career 
     development, talent management, and promotion within such 
     career tracks.
       (3) Develop and maintain education, training, doctrine, 
     rotational opportunities, and professional development 
     activities to support the civilian and military digital 
     engineering workforce.
       (4) Coordinate and synchronize digital force management 
     activities throughout the Department of Defense, advise the 
     Secretary of Defense on all matters pertaining to the health 
     and readiness of digital forces, convene a Department-wide 
     executive steering group, and submit to Congress an annual 
     report on the readiness of digital forces and progress toward 
     achieving the policy set forth in subsection (a).
       (5) Create a Department-wide mechanism to track digital 
     expertise in the workforce, develop and maintain 
     organizational policies, strategies, and plans sufficient to 
     build, maintain, and refresh internal capacity at scale, and 
     report to the Secretary quarterly on the health and readiness 
     the digital engineering workforce.
       (6) Assist the military departments in designing, 
     developing, and executing programs and incentives to retain, 
     track, and oversee digital expertise among civilian employees 
     of the Department and members of the Armed Forces on active 
     duty.
       (7) At the request of the Chief of Staff of an Armed Force, 
     or the head of another component or element of the 
     Department, undertake an executive search for key leadership 
     positions in digital engineering in such Armed Force, 
     component, or element, and develop and deploy agile hiring 
     processes to fill such positions.
       (8) Identify necessary changes in authorities, policies, 
     resources, or a combination thereof to further the policy set 
     forth in subsection (a), and submit to Congress a report on 
     such changes.
       (d) Implementation Plan.--Not later than May 1, 2020, the 
     Secretary of Defense shall submit to the Committees on Armed 
     Services of the House of Representatives and the Senate a 
     plan to carry out the requirements of this section. The plan 
     shall include the following:
       (1) An assessment of progress of the Secretary in 
     recruiting an individual to serve as the Officer required to 
     be appointed under subsection (b).
       (2) A timeline for implementation of the requirements of 
     this section, including input from each military department 
     on its unique timeline.
       (3) Recommendations for any legislative or administrative 
     action required to meet the requirements of this section.

     SEC. 224. DEVELOPMENT AND IMPLEMENTATION OF DIGITAL 
                   ENGINEERING CAPABILITY AND AUTOMATED SOFTWARE 
                   TESTING AND EVALUATION.

       (a) Capability Required.--
       (1) In general.--The Under Secretary of Defense for 
     Research and Engineering and the Director of Operational Test 
     and Evaluation shall jointly design, develop, and implement a 
     digital engineering capability and infrastructure--
       (A) to provide technically accurate digital models to the 
     acquisition process; and
       (B) to serve as the foundation for automated approaches to 
     software testing and evaluation.
       (2) Elements.--The capability developed under subsection 
     (a) shall consist of digital platforms that may be accessed 
     by individuals throughout the Department who have 
     responsibilities relating to the development, testing,

[[Page H5365]]

     evaluation, and operation of software. The platforms shall 
     enable such individuals to--
       (A) use systems-level digital representations and 
     simulation environments;
       (B) perform automated software testing based on criteria 
     developed, in part, in consultation with the Under 
     Secretary's developmental test organization and the Director 
     to satisfy program operational test requirements; and
       (C) perform testing on a repeatable, frequent, and 
     iterative basis.
       (b) Pilot Programs.--
       (1) In general.--The Under Secretary and Director shall 
     carry out pilot programs to demonstrate whether it is 
     possible for automated testing to satisfy--
       (A) developmental test requirements for the software-
     intensive programs of the Department of Defense; and
       (B) the Director's operational test requirements for such 
     programs.
       (2) Number of pilot programs.--The Under Secretary and 
     Director shall carry out not fewer than four and not more 
     than ten pilot programs under this section.
       (3) Requirements.--For each pilot program carried out under 
     paragraph (1), the Under Secretary and Director shall--
       (A) conduct a cost-benefit analysis that compares the costs 
     and benefits of the digital engineering and automated testing 
     approach of the pilot program to the nondigital engineering 
     based approach typically used by the Department of Defense;
       (B) ensure that the intellectual property strategy for the 
     pilot program supports the data required to operate the 
     models used under the program; and
       (C) develop a workforce and infrastructure plan to support 
     any new policies and guidance implemented during the pilot 
     program or after the completion of the program.
       (4) Considerations.--In carrying out paragraph (1), the 
     Under Secretary and Director may consider using the 
     authorities provided under sections 873 and 874 of the 
     National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2018 
     (Public Law 115-91).
       (5) Report.--Not later than 90 days after the date of the 
     enactment of this Act, the Under Secretary and Director shall 
     submit to the congressional defense committees a report that 
     includes a description of--
       (A) each pilot program that will be carried out under 
     paragraph (1);
       (B) software programs that may be used as part of each 
     pilot program;
       (C) selection criteria and intellectual property and 
     licensing issues relating to such software programs;
       (D) any recommendations for changes to existing law to 
     facilitate the implementation of the pilot programs; and
       (E) such other matters as the Under Secretary and Director 
     determine to be relevant.
       (6) Termination.--Each pilot program carried out under 
     paragraph (1) shall terminate not later than December 31, 
     2025.
       (c) Policies and Guidance Required.--
       (1) In general.--The Under Secretary and the Director shall 
     issue policies and guidance to implement--
       (A) the digital engineering capability and infrastructure 
     developed under subsection (a); and
       (B) the pilot programs carried out under subsection (b).
       (2) Elements.--The policies and guidance issued under 
     paragraph (1) shall--
       (A) specify procedures for developing and maintaining 
     digital engineering models and the automated testing of 
     software throughout the program life cycle;
       (B) include processes for automated testing of 
     developmental test requirements and operational test 
     requirements;
       (C) include processes for automated security testing, 
     including--
       (i) penetration testing; and
       (ii) vulnerability scanning;
       (D) include processes for security testing performed by 
     individuals, including red team assessments with zero-trust 
     assumptions;
       (E) encourage the use of an automated testing capability 
     instead of acquisition-related processes that require 
     artifacts to be created for acquisition oversight but are not 
     used as part of the engineering process;
       (F) support the high-confidence distribution of software to 
     the field on a time-bound, repeatable, frequent, and 
     iterative basis;
       (G) provide technically accurate models, including models 
     of system design and performance, to the acquisition process; 
     and
       (H) ensure that models are continually updated with the 
     newest design, performance, and testing data.
       (d) Consultation.--In carrying out subsections (a) through 
     (c), the Under Secretary and Director shall consult with--
       (1) the Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and 
     Sustainment;
       (2) the service acquisition executives;
       (3) the service testing commands; and
       (4) the Defense Digital Service.
       (e) Report Required.--Not later one year after the date of 
     the enactment of this Act, the Under Secretary and Director 
     shall submit to the congressional defense committees a report 
     on the progress of the Under Secretary and Director in 
     carrying out subsections (a) through (c). The report shall 
     include--
       (1) an independent assessment conducted by the Defense 
     Innovation Board of the progress made as of the date of the 
     report;
       (2) an explanation of how the results of the pilot programs 
     carried out under subsection (b) will inform subsequent 
     policy and guidance, particularly the policy and guidance of 
     the Director of Operational Test and Evaluation; and
       (3) any recommendations for changes to existing law to 
     facilitate the implementation of subsections (a) through (c).
       (f) Definitions.--In this section:
       (1) The term ``Under Secretary and Director'' means the 
     Under Secretary of Defense for Research and Engineering and 
     the Director of Operational Test and Evaluation, acting 
     jointly.
       (2) The term ``digital engineering'' means an integrated 
     digital approach that uses authoritative sources of system 
     data and models as a continuum across disciplines to support 
     life-cycle activities from concept through disposal.
       (3) The term ``zero-trust assumption'' means a security 
     architecture philosophy designed to prevent all threats, 
     including insider threats and outsider threats.
       (4) The term ``red team assessment'' means penetration 
     tests and operations performed on a system to emulate a 
     capable adversary to expose security vulnerabilities.

     SEC. 225. PROCESS TO ALIGN POLICY FORMULATION AND EMERGING 
                   TECHNOLOGY DEVELOPMENT.

       (a) Alignment of Policy and Technological Development.--Not 
     later than 180 days after the date of the enactment of this 
     Act, the Secretary of Defense shall establish a process to 
     ensure that the policies of the Department of Defense 
     relating to emerging technology are formulated and updated 
     continuously as such technology is developed by the 
     Department.
       (b) Elements.--As part of the process established under 
     subsection (a), the Secretary shall--
       (1) specify the role of each covered official in ensuring 
     that the formulation of policies relating to emerging 
     technology is carried out concurrently with the development 
     of such technology;
       (2) establish mechanisms to ensure that the Under Secretary 
     of Defense for Policy has the information and resources 
     necessary to continuously formulate and update policies 
     relating to emerging technology, including by directing the 
     organizations and entities of the Department of Defense 
     responsible for the development such technology--
       (A) to share information with the Under Secretary;
       (B) to communicate plans for the fielding and use of 
     emerging technology to the Under Secretary; and
       (C) to coordinate activities relating to such technology 
     with the Under Secretary; and
       (3) incorporate procedures for the legal review of--
       (A) weapons that incorporate emerging technology; and
       (B) treaties that may be affected by such technology.
       (c) Reports Required.--
       (1) Interim report.--Not later than 60 days after the date 
     of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall 
     submit to the congressional defense committees a report on 
     the progress of the Secretary in carrying out subsection (a).
       (2) Final report.--Not later than 30 days after date on 
     which the Secretary of Defense establishes the process 
     required under subsection (a), the Secretary shall submit to 
     the congressional defense committees a report that describes 
     such process.
       (d) Definitions.--In this section:
       (1) The term ``covered official'' means the Chairman of the 
     Joint Chiefs of Staff, the Under Secretary of Defense for 
     Research and Engineering, the Under Secretary of Defense for 
     Policy, the commanders of the combatant commands, and the 
     Secretaries of the military departments.
       (2) The term ``emerging technology'' means technology 
     determined to be in an emerging phase of development by the 
     Secretary of Defense and includes quantum computing, 
     technology for the analysis of large and diverse sets of data 
     (commonly known as ``big data analytics''), artificial 
     intelligence, autonomous technology, robotics, directed 
     energy, hypersonics, and biotechnology.

     SEC. 226. LIMITATION ON TRANSITION OF STRATEGIC CAPABILITIES 
                   OFFICE OF THE DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE.

       (a) Limitation.--The Secretary of Defense may not 
     transition or transfer the functions of the Strategic 
     Capabilities Office of the Department of Defense to another 
     organization or element of the Department until--
       (1) the plan required under subsection (b) has been 
     submitted to the congressional defense committees; and
       (2) a period of 30 days has elapsed following the date on 
     which the Secretary notifies the congressional defense 
     committees of the intent of the Secretary to transition or 
     transfer the functions of the Office.
       (b) Plan Required.--
       (1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense shall submit to 
     the congressional defense committees a plan for the 
     transition or transfer of the functions of the Strategic 
     Capabilities Office to another organization or element of the 
     Department of Defense.
       (2) Elements.--The plan required under paragraph (1) shall 
     include the following:
       (A) A timeline for the potential transition or transfer of 
     the activities, functions, programs, plans, and resources of 
     the Strategic Capabilities Office.
       (B) The status of funding and execution of current 
     Strategic Capabilities Office projects, including a strategy 
     for mitigating risk to current projects during the transition 
     or transfer.
       (C) The impact of the transition or transfer on the ability 
     of the Department to rapidly address Combatant Command 
     requirements.
       (D) The impact of the transition or transfer on the 
     cultural attributes and core competencies of the Strategic 
     Capabilities Office and any organization or element of the 
     Department of Defense affected by the realignment of the 
     Office.
       (E) An assessment of the impact of the transition or 
     transfer on the relationships of the Strategic Capabilities 
     Office with the military departments, Combatant Commands, 
     Department of Defense laboratories, the intelligence 
     community, and other research and development activities.

[[Page H5366]]

       (F) Budget and programming realignment and prioritization 
     of Research, Development, Testing, and Evaluation budget 
     activity that will be carried out as a result of the 
     transition or transfer.
       (G) The status of the essential authorities of the Director 
     of the Strategic Capabilities Office, including acquisition 
     authorities, personnel management authorities, the authority 
     to enter into support agreements and strategic partnerships, 
     and original classification authority.
       (3) Form of plan.--The plan required under paragraph (1) 
     shall be submitted in unclassified form, but may include a 
     classified annex.

                 Subtitle C--Reports and Other Matters

     SEC. 231. MASTER PLAN FOR IMPLEMENTATION OF AUTHORITIES 
                   RELATING TO SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY REINVENTION 
                   LABORATORIES.

       (a) Plan Required.--The Secretary of Defense, acting 
     through the Under Secretary of Defense for Research and 
     Engineering, shall develop a master plan for using current 
     authorities and responsibilities to strengthen and modernize 
     the workforce and capabilities of the science and technology 
     reinvention laboratories of the Department of Defense 
     (referred to in this section as the ``laboratories'') to 
     enhance the ability of the laboratories to execute missions 
     in the most efficient and effective manner.
       (b) Elements.--The master plan required under subsection 
     (a) shall include, with respect to the laboratories, the 
     following:
       (1) A summary of hiring and staffing deficiencies at 
     laboratories, by location, and the effect of such 
     deficiencies on the ability of the laboratories--
       (A) to meet existing and future requirements of the 
     Department of Defense; and
       (B) to recruit and retain qualified personnel.
       (2) A summary of existing and emerging military research, 
     development, test, and evaluation mission areas requiring the 
     use of the laboratories.
       (3) An explanation of the laboratory staffing capabilities 
     required for each mission area identified under paragraph 
     (2).
       (4) Identification of specific projects, including hiring 
     efforts and management reforms, that will be carried out--
       (A) to address the deficiencies identified in paragraph 
     (1); and
       (B) to support the existing and emerging mission areas 
     identified in paragraph (2).
       (5) For each project identified under paragraph (4)--
       (A) a summary of the plan for the project;
       (B) an explanation of the level of priority that will be 
     given to the project; and
       (C) a schedule of required investments that will be made as 
     part of the project.
       (6) A description of how the Department, including each 
     military department concerned, will carry out the projects 
     identified in paragraph (3) using--
       (A) current authorities and responsibilities; and
       (B) such other authorities as are determined to be relevant 
     by the Secretary of Defense.
       (7) Identification of any statutory barriers to 
     implementing the master plan and legislative proposals to 
     address such barriers.
       (c) Consultation.--In developing the master plan required 
     under subsection (a), the Secretary of Defense and the Under 
     Secretary of Defense for Research and Engineering shall 
     consult with--
       (1) the Secretary of each military department;
       (2) the Service Acquisition Executives with 
     responsibilities relevant to the laboratories;
       (3) the commander of each military command with 
     responsibilities relating to research and engineering that is 
     affected by the master plan; and
       (4) any other officials determined to be relevant by the 
     Secretary of Defense and the Under Secretary of Defense for 
     Research and Engineering.
       (d) Initial Report.--Not later than 180 days after the date 
     of the enactment of this Act, the Under Secretary of Defense 
     for Research and Engineering shall submit to the 
     congressional defense committees a report that identifies any 
     barriers that prevent the full use and implementation of 
     current authorities and responsibilities and such other 
     authorities as are determined to be relevant by the Secretary 
     of Defense, including any barriers presented by the policies, 
     authorities, and activities of--
       (1) organizations and elements of the Department of 
     Defense; and
       (2) organizations outside the Department.
       (e) Final Report.--Not later than October 30, 2020, the 
     Under Secretary of Defense for Research and Engineering shall 
     submit to the congressional defense committees--
       (1) the master plan developed under subsection (a); and
       (2) a report on the activities carried out under this 
     section.

     SEC. 232. MASTER PLAN FOR INFRASTRUCTURE REQUIRED TO SUPPORT 
                   RESEARCH, DEVELOPMENT, TEST, AND EVALUATION 
                   MISSIONS.

       (a) Plan Required.--The Secretary of Defense, in 
     consultation with the Secretaries of the military 
     departments, shall develop and implement a master plan that 
     addresses the research, development, test, and evaluation 
     infrastructure and modernization requirements of the 
     Department of Defense, including the science and technology 
     reinvention laboratories and the facilities of the Major 
     Range and Test Facility Base.
       (b) Elements.--The master plan required under subsection 
     (a) shall include, with respect to the research, development, 
     test, and evaluation infrastructure of the Department of 
     Defense, the following:
       (1) A summary of deficiencies in the infrastructure, by 
     location, and the effect of the deficiencies on the ability 
     of the Department--
       (A) to meet current and future military requirements 
     identified in the National Defense Strategy;
       (B) to support science and technology development and 
     acquisition programs; and
       (C) to recruit and train qualified personnel.
       (2) A summary of existing and emerging military research, 
     development, test, and evaluation mission areas, by location, 
     that require modernization investments in the 
     infrastructure--
       (A) to improve operations in a manner that may benefit all 
     users;
       (B) to enhance the overall capabilities of the research, 
     development, test, and evaluation infrastructure, including 
     facilities and resources;
       (C) to improve safety for personnel and facilities; and
       (D) to reduce the long-term cost of operation and 
     maintenance.
       (3) Identification of specific infrastructure projects that 
     are required to address the infrastructure deficiencies 
     identified under paragraph (1) or to support the existing and 
     emerging mission areas identified under paragraph (2).
       (4) For each project identified under paragraph (3)--
       (A) a description of the scope of work;
       (B) a cost estimate;
       (C) a summary of the plan for the project;
       (D) an explanation of the level of priority that will be 
     given to the project; and
       (E) a schedule of required infrastructure investments.
       (5) A description of how the Department, including each 
     military department concerned, will carry out the 
     infrastructure projects identified in paragraph (3) using the 
     range of authorities and methods available to the Department, 
     including--
       (A) military construction authority under section 2802 of 
     title 10, United States Code;
       (B) unspecified minor military construction authority under 
     section 2805(a) of such title;
       (C) laboratory revitalization authority under section 
     2805(d) of such title;
       (D) the authority to carry out facility repair projects, 
     including the conversion of existing facilities, under 
     section 2811 of such title;
       (E) the authority provided under the Defense Laboratory 
     Modernization Pilot Program under section 2803 of the 
     National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2016 
     (Public Law 114-92; 10 U.S.C. 2358 note);
       (F) methods that leverage funding from entities outside the 
     Department, including public-private partnerships, enhanced 
     use leases, real property exchanges; and
       (G) any other authorities and methods determined to be 
     appropriate by the Secretary of Defense.
       (6) Identification of any statutory, regulatory, or policy 
     barriers to implementing the master plan and regulatory, 
     policy, or legislative proposals to address such barriers.
       (c) Consultation and Use of Contract Authority.--In 
     implementing the plan required under subsection (a), the 
     Secretary of Defense shall--
       (1) consult with existing and anticipated users of the 
     Major Range and Test Facility Base; and
       (2) consider using the contract authority provided to the 
     Secretary under section 2681 of title 10, United States Code.
       (d) Submission to Congress.--Not later than October 30, 
     2020, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the 
     congressional defense committees the master plan developed 
     under subsection (a).
       (e) Research and Development Infrastructure Defined.--In 
     this section, the term ``research, development, test, and 
     evaluation infrastructure'' means the infrastructure of--
       (1) the science and technology reinvention laboratories (as 
     designated under section 1105 of the National Defense 
     Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2010 (Public Law 111-84 ; 
     10 U.S.C. 2358 note));
       (2) the Major Range and Test Facility Base (as defined in 
     section 2358a(f)(3) of title 10, United States Code); and
       (3) other facilities that support the research development, 
     test, and evaluation activities of the Department.

     SEC. 233. STRATEGY AND IMPLEMENTATION PLAN FOR FIFTH 
                   GENERATION INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATIONS 
                   TECHNOLOGIES.

       (a) In General.--Not later than 270 days after the date of 
     the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall 
     develop--
       (1) a strategy for harnessing fifth generation (commonly 
     known as ``5G'') information and communications technologies 
     to enhance military capabilities, maintain a technological 
     advantage on the battlefield, and accelerate the deployment 
     of new commercial products and services enabled by 5G 
     networks throughout the Department of Defense; and
       (2) a plan for implementing the strategy developed under 
     paragraph (1).
       (b) Elements.--The strategy required under subsection (a) 
     shall include the following elements:
       (1) Adoption and use of secure fourth generation (commonly 
     known as ``4G'') communications technologies and the 
     transition to advanced and secure 5G communications 
     technologies for military applications.
       (2) Science, technology, research, and development efforts 
     to facilitate the advancement and adoption of 5G technology 
     and new uses of 5G systems, subsystems, and components, 
     including--
       (A) 5G testbeds for developing military applications; and
       (B) spectrum-sharing technologies and frameworks.
       (3) Strengthening engagement and outreach with industry, 
     academia, international partners, and other departments and 
     agencies of the Federal Government on issues relating to 5G 
     technology.
       (4) Defense industrial base supply chain risk, management, 
     and opportunities.

[[Page H5367]]

       (5) Preserving the ability of the Joint Force to achieve 
     objectives in a contested and congested spectrum environment.
       (6) Strengthening the ability of the Joint Force to conduct 
     full spectrum operations that enhance the military advantages 
     of the United States.
       (7) Securing the information technology and weapon systems 
     of the Department against malicious activity.
       (8) Such other matters as the Secretary of Defense 
     determines to be relevant.
       (c) Consultation.--In developing the strategy and 
     implementation plan required under subsection (a), the 
     Secretary of Defense shall consult with the following:
       (1) The Chief Information Officer of the Department of 
     Defense.
       (2) The Under Secretary of Defense for Research and 
     Engineering.
       (3) The Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and 
     Sustainment.
       (4) The Under Secretary of Defense for Intelligence.
       (5) Service Acquisition Executives of each military 
     service.
       (d) Briefing.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
     the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall 
     provide to the congressional defense committees a briefing on 
     the progress of the Secretary in developing the strategy and 
     implementation plan required under subsection (a).

     SEC. 234. DEPARTMENT-WIDE SOFTWARE SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY 
                   STRATEGY.

       (a) Designation of Senior Official.--Not later than 180 
     days after the date of the enactment of this Act, the 
     Secretary of Defense, acting through the Under Secretary of 
     Defense for Research and Engineering and in consultation with 
     the Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and 
     Sustainment, shall designate a single official or existing 
     entity within the Department of Defense as the official or 
     entity (as the case may be) with principal responsibility for 
     guiding the direction of research and development of next 
     generation software and software intensive systems for the 
     Department, including the research and development of--
       (1) new technologies for the creation of highly secure, 
     reliable, and mission-critical software; and
       (2) new approaches to software development, data-based 
     analytics, and next generation management tools.
       (b) Development of Strategy.--The official or entity 
     designated under subsection (a) shall develop a Department-
     wide strategy for the research and development of next 
     generation software and software intensive systems for the 
     Department of Defense, including strategies for--
       (1) types of software innovation efforts within the science 
     and technology portfolio of the Department;
       (2) investment in new approaches to software development, 
     data-based analytics, and next generation management tools;
       (3) ongoing research and other support of academic, 
     commercial, and development community efforts to innovate the 
     software development, engineering, and testing process;
       (4) to the extent practicable, implementing the 
     recommendations set forth in--
       (A) the final report of the Defense Innovation Board 
     submitted to the congressional defense committees under 
     section 872 of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
     Fiscal Year 2018 (Public Law 115-91; 131 Stat. 1497); and
       (B) the final report of the Defense Science Board Task 
     Force on the Design and Acquisition of Software for Defense 
     Systems described in section 868 of the John S. McCain 
     National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2019 
     (Public Law 115-232; 10 U.S.C. 2223 note);
       (5) supporting the acquisition, technology development, and 
     test and operational needs of the Department through the 
     development of capabilities, including personnel and 
     infrastructure, and programs in--
       (A) the science and technology reinvention laboratories (as 
     designated under section 1105 of the National Defense 
     Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2010 (Public Law 111-84; 10 
     U.S.C. 2358 note));
       (B) the facilities of the Major Range and Test Facility 
     Base (as defined in section 2358a(f)(3) of title 10, United 
     States Code); and
       (C) the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency; and
       (6) the transition of relevant capabilities and 
     technologies to information technology programs of the 
     Department, including software intensive tactical systems, 
     enterprise systems, and business systems.
       (c) Submittal to Congress.--Not later than one year after 
     the date of the enactment of this Act, the official or entity 
     designated under subsection (a) shall submit to the 
     congressional defense committees the strategy developed under 
     subsection (b).

     SEC. 235. ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE EDUCATION STRATEGY.

       (a) Strategy Required.--
       (1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense shall develop a 
     strategy for educating service members in relevant 
     occupational fields on matters relating to artificial 
     intelligence.
       (2) Elements.--The strategy developed under subsection (a) 
     shall include a curriculum designed to give service members a 
     basic knowledge of artificial intelligence. The curriculum 
     shall include instruction in--
       (A) artificial intelligence design;
       (B) software coding;
       (C) potential military applications for artificial 
     intelligence;
       (D) the impact of artificial intelligence on military 
     strategy and doctrine;
       (E) artificial intelligence decisionmaking via machine 
     learning and neural networks;
       (F) ethical issues relating to artificial intelligence;
       (G) the potential biases of artificial intelligence;
       (H) potential weakness in artificial intelligence 
     technology; and
       (I) any other matters the Secretary of Defense determines 
     to be relevant.
       (b) Implementation Plan.--
       (1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense shall develop a 
     plan for implementing the strategy developed under subsection 
     (a).
       (2) Elements.--The implementation plan required under 
     paragraph (1) shall identify the following:
       (A) The military occupational specialties (applicable to 
     enlisted members and officers) that are most likely to 
     involve interaction with artificial intelligence technology.
       (B) The specific occupational specialties that will receive 
     training in accordance with the curriculum described in 
     subsection (a)(2).
       (C) The duration of the training.
       (D) The context in which the training will be provided, 
     which may include basic training, occupationally specific 
     training, and professional military education.
       (E) Metrics for evaluating the effectiveness of the 
     training and curriculum.
       (F) Any other issues the Secretary of Defense determines to 
     be relevant.
       (c) Submittal to Congress.--Not later than 270 days after 
     the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of 
     Defense shall submit to the congressional defense 
     committees--
       (1) the strategy developed under subsection (a); and
       (2) the implementation plan developed under subsection (b).

     SEC. 236. BIANNUAL REPORT ON THE JOINT ARTIFICIAL 
                   INTELLIGENCE CENTER.

       (a) Report.--Not later than 90 days after the date of the 
     enactment of this Act and biannually thereafter through the 
     end of 2023, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the 
     congressional defense committees a report on the Joint 
     Artificial Intelligence Center (referred to in this section 
     as the ``Center'').
       (b) Elements.--Each report under subsection (a) shall 
     include the following:
       (1) Information relating to the mission and objectives of 
     the Center.
       (2) A description of the National Mission Initiatives, 
     Component Mission Initiatives, and any other initiatives of 
     the Center, including a description of--
       (A) the activities carried out under the initiatives;
       (B) any investments made or contracts entered into under 
     the initiatives; and
       (C) the progress of the initiatives.
       (3) A description of how the Center has sought to leverage 
     lessons learned, share best practices, avoid duplication of 
     efforts, and transition artificial intelligence research 
     efforts into operational capabilities by--
       (A) collaborating with other organizations and elements of 
     the Department of Defense, including the Defense Agencies and 
     the military departments; and
       (B) deconflicting the activities of the Center with the 
     activities of other organizations and elements of the 
     Department.
       (4) A description any collaboration between--
       (A) the Center and the private sector and academia; and
       (B) the Center and international allies and partners.
       (5) The total number of military, contractor, and civilian 
     personnel who are employed by the Center, assigned to the 
     Center, and performing functions in support of the Center.
       (6) A description of the organizational structure and 
     staffing of the Center.
       (7) A detailed description of the frameworks, metrics, and 
     capabilities established to measure the effectiveness of the 
     Center and the Center's investments in the National Mission 
     Initiatives and Component Mission Initiatives.
       (8) A description of any new policies, standards, or 
     guidance relating to artificial intelligence that have been 
     issued by the Chief Information Officer of the Department.
       (c) Joint Artificial Intelligence Center Defined.--In this 
     section, the term ``Joint Artificial Intelligence Center'' 
     means the Joint Artificial Intelligence Center of the 
     Department of Defense established pursuant to section 238 of 
     the John S. McCain National Defense Authorization Act for 
     Fiscal Year 2019 (Public Law 115-232).

     SEC. 237. QUARTERLY UPDATES ON THE OPTIONALLY MANNED FIGHTING 
                   VEHICLE PROGRAM.

       (a) In General.--Beginning not later than October 1, 2019, 
     and on a quarterly basis thereafter through October 1, 2025, 
     the Assistant Secretary of the Army for Acquisition, 
     Logistics, and Technology, in consultation with the Commander 
     of the Army Futures Command, shall provide to the Committee 
     on Armed Services of the House of Representatives a briefing 
     on the progress of the Optionally Manned Fighting Vehicle 
     program of the Army.
       (b) Elements.--Each briefing under subsection (a) shall 
     include, with respect to the Optionally Manned Fighting 
     Vehicle program, the following elements:
       (1) An overview of funding for the program, including 
     identification of--
       (A) any obligations and expenditures that have been made 
     under the program; and
       (B) any obligations and expenditures that are planned for 
     the program.
       (2) An overview of the program schedule.
       (3) A description of each contract awarded under the 
     program, including a description of the type of contract and 
     the status of the contract.
       (4) An assessment of the status of the program with respect 
     to--
       (A) the development and approval of technical requirements;

[[Page H5368]]

       (B) technological maturity;
       (C) testing;
       (D) delivery; and
       (E) program management.

     SEC. 238. GRANTS FOR CIVICS EDUCATION PROGRAMS.

       (a) In General.--The Secretary of Defense shall carry out a 
     program under which the Secretary makes grants to eligible 
     entities, on a competitive basis, to support the development 
     and evaluation of civics education programs.
       (b) Application.--To be eligible to receive a grant under 
     this section an eligible entity shall submit to the Secretary 
     of Defense an application at such time, in such manner, and 
     containing such information as the Secretary may require. 
     Applications submitted under this subsection shall be 
     evaluated on the basis of merit pursuant to competitive 
     procedures prescribed by the Secretary of Defense.
       (c) Selection Criteria.--To be selected to receive a grant 
     under this section an eligible entity shall demonstrate each 
     of the following to the satisfaction of the Secretary:
       (1) The civics education program proposed by the entity 
     will include innovative approaches for improving civics 
     education.
       (2) The entity will dedicate sufficient resources to the 
     program.
       (3) As part of the program, the entity will conduct 
     evaluations in accordance with subsection (f)(1)(B).
       (4) The entity will carry out activities to disseminate the 
     results of the evaluations described in such subsection, 
     including publication of the results in peer-reviewed 
     academic journals.
       (d) Geographic Distribution.--To the extent practicable, 
     the Secretary of Defense shall ensure an equitable geographic 
     distribution of grants under this section.
       (e) Consultation.--In awarding grants under this section, 
     the Secretary of Defense shall consult with the Secretary of 
     Education.
       (f) Uses of Funds.--
       (1) Required uses of funds.--An eligible entity that 
     receives a grant under this section shall use such grant--
       (A) to establish a civics education program or to improve 
     an existing civics education program; and
       (B) to evaluate the effect of the program on participants, 
     including with respect to--
       (i) critical thinking and media literacy;
       (ii) voting and other forms of political and civic 
     engagement;
       (iii) interest in employment, and careers, in public 
     service;
       (iv) understanding of United States law, history, and 
     Government; and
       (v) the ability of participants to collaborate and 
     compromise with others to solve problems.
       (2) Allowable uses of funds.--An eligible entity that 
     receives a grant under this section may use such grant for--
       (A) the development or modification of curricula relating 
     to civics education;
       (B) classroom activities, thesis projects, individual or 
     team projects, internships, or community service activities 
     relating to civics;
       (C) collaboration with government entities, nonprofit 
     organizations, or consortia of such entities and 
     organizations to provide participants with civics-related 
     experiences;
       (D) civics-related faculty development programs;
       (E) recruitment of educators who are highly qualified in 
     civics education to teach civics or to assist with the 
     development of curricula for civics education;
       (F) presentation of seminars, workshops, and training for 
     the development of skills associated with civic engagement;
       (G) activities that enable participants to interact with 
     government officials and entities;
       (H) expansion of civics education programs and outreach for 
     members of the Armed Forces, dependents and children of such 
     members and employees of the Department of Defense; and
       (I) opportunities for participants to obtain work 
     experience in fields relating to civics.
       (g) Definitions.--In this section:
       (1) The term ``civics education program'' means an 
     educational program that provides participants with--
       (A) knowledge of law, government, and the rights of 
     citizens; and
       (B) skills that enable participants to responsibly 
     participate in democracy.
       (2) The term ``eligible entity'' means a Department of 
     Defense domestic dependent elementary or secondary school (as 
     described in section 2164 of title 10, United States Code).

     SEC. 239. TECHNOLOGY AND NATIONAL SECURITY FELLOWSHIP.

       (a) Fellowship Program.--
       (1) In general.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
     the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense, acting 
     through the Under Secretary of Defense for Research and 
     Engineering, may establish a civilian fellowship program 
     designed to place eligible individuals within the Department 
     of Defense to increase the number of national security 
     professionals with science, technology, engineering, and 
     mathematics credentials employed by the Department.
       (2) Designation.--The fellowship program established under 
     paragraph (1) shall be known as the ``Technology and National 
     Security Fellowship'' (in this section referred to as the 
     ``fellows program'').
       (3) Employment.--Fellows will be assigned to a one year 
     tour of duty within the Department of Defense.
       (4) Pay and benefits.--An individual assigned to a position 
     under the fellows program shall be compensated at the rate of 
     compensation for employees at level GS-10 of the General 
     Schedule, and shall be treated as an employee of the United 
     States during the term of assignment.
       (b) Eligible Individuals.--For purposes of this section, 
     and subject to subsection (f)(3), an eligible individual is 
     any individual who--
       (1) is a citizen of the United States; and
       (2) either--
       (A) expects to be awarded an undergraduate or graduate 
     degree that, as determined by the Secretary, focuses on 
     science, technology, engineering, or mathematics course work 
     not later than 180 days after the date on which the 
     individual submits an application for participation in the 
     fellows program; or
       (B) possesses an undergraduate or graduate degree that, as 
     determined by the Secretary, focuses on science, technology, 
     engineering, or mathematics course work that was awarded not 
     earlier than one year before the date on which the individual 
     submits an application for participation in the fellows 
     program.
       (c) Application Required.--Each individual seeking to 
     participate in the fellows program shall submit to the 
     Secretary an application therefor at such time and in such 
     manner as the Secretary shall specify.
       (d) Coordination.--
       (1) In general.--In carrying out this section, the 
     Secretary may consider coordinating or partnering with the 
     entities specified in paragraph (2).
       (2) Entities specified.--The entities specified in this 
     paragraph are the following:
       (A) The National Security Innovation Network.
       (B) Universities affiliated with Hacking for Defense.
       (f) Modifications to Fellows Program.--As the Secretary 
     considers necessary to modify the fellows program, and in 
     coordination with the entities specified in subsection 
     (d)(2), as the Secretary considers appropriate, the Secretary 
     may--
       (1) determine the length of a fellowship term;
       (2) establish the rate of compensation for an individual 
     selected to participate in the fellows program; and
       (3) change the eligibility requirements for participation 
     in the fellows program, including who is considered an 
     eligible individual for purposes of the fellows program.
       (g) Consultation.--The Secretary may consult with the heads 
     of the agencies, components, and other elements of the 
     Department of Defense and such institutions of higher 
     education and private entities engaged in work on national 
     security and emerging technologies as the Secretary considers 
     appropriate for purposes of the fellows program, including 
     fellowship assignments.

     SEC. 240. NATIONAL SECURITY COMMISSION ON DEFENSE RESEARCH AT 
                   HISTORICALLY BLACK COLLEGES AND UNIVERSITIES 
                   AND OTHER MINORITY INSTITUTIONS.

       (a) Establishment.--
       (1) In general.--There is established in the executive 
     branch an independent Commission to review the state of 
     defense research at covered institutions.
       (2) Treatment.--The Commission shall be considered an 
     independent establishment of the Federal Government as 
     defined by section 104 of title 5, United States Code, and a 
     temporary organization under section 3161 of such title.
       (3) Designation.--The Commission established under 
     paragraph (1) shall be known as the ``National Security 
     Commission on Defense Research At Historically Black Colleges 
     and Universities and Other Minority Institutions''.
       (4) Membership.--
       (A) Composition.--The Commission shall be composed of 11 
     members appointed as follows:
       (i) The Secretary of Defense shall appoint 2 members.
       (ii) The Secretary of Education shall appoint 1 member.
       (iii) The Chairman of the Committee on Armed Services of 
     the Senate shall appoint 1 member.
       (iv) The Ranking Member of the Committee on Armed Services 
     of the Senate shall appoint 1 member.
       (v) The Chairman of the Committee on Armed Services of the 
     House of Representatives shall appoint 1 member.
       (vi) The Ranking Member of the Committee on Armed Services 
     of the House of Representatives shall appoint 1 member.
       (vi) The Chairman of the Committee on Health, Education, 
     Labor, and Pensions of the Senate shall appoint 1 member.
       (viii) The Ranking Member of the Committee on Health, 
     Education, Labor, and Pensions of the Senate shall appoint 1 
     member.
       (ix) The Chairman of the Committee on Education and Labor 
     of the House of Representatives shall appoint 1 member.
       (x) The Ranking Member of the Committee on Education and 
     Labor of the House of Representatives shall appoint 1 member.
       (B) Deadline for appointment.--Members shall be appointed 
     to the Commission under subparagraph (A) not later than 90 
     days after the date on which the commission is established.
       (C) Effect of lack of appointment by appointment date.--If 
     one or more appointments under subparagraph (A) is not made 
     by the appointment date specified in subparagraph (B), or if 
     a position described in subparagraph (A) is vacant for more 
     than 90 days, the authority to make such appointment shall 
     transfer to the Chair of the Commission.
       (5) Chair and vice chair.--The Commission shall elect a 
     Chair and Vice Chair from among its members.
       (6) Terms.--Members shall be appointed for the life of the 
     Commission. A vacancy in the Commission shall not affect its 
     powers and shall be filled in the same manner as the original 
     appointment was made.
       (7) Status as federal employees.--Notwithstanding the 
     requirements of section 2105 of title 5, United States Code, 
     including the required supervision under subsection (a)(3) of 
     such section, the members of the Commission shall be deemed 
     to be Federal employees.
       (b) Duties.--

[[Page H5369]]

       (1) In general.--The Commission shall carry out the review 
     described in paragraph (2). In carrying out such review, the 
     Commission shall consider the methods and means necessary to 
     advance research capacity at covered institutions to 
     comprehensively address the national security and defense 
     needs of the United States.
       (2) Scope of the review.--In conducting the review under 
     paragraph (1), the Commission shall consider the following:
       (A) The competitiveness of covered institutions in 
     developing, pursuing, capturing, and executing defense 
     research with the Department of Defense through contracts and 
     grants.
       (B) Means and methods for advancing the capacity of covered 
     institutions to conduct research related to national security 
     and defense.
       (C) The advancements and investments necessary to elevate 
     covered institutions to R2 status on the Carnegie 
     Classification of Institutions of Higher Education, covered 
     institutions to R1 status on the Carnegie Classification of 
     Institutions of Higher Education, one covered institution or 
     a consortium of multiple covered institutions to the 
     capability of a University Affiliated Research Center, and 
     identify the candidate institutions for each category.
       (D) The facilities and infrastructure for defense-related 
     research at covered institutions as compared to the 
     facilities and infrastructure at universities classified as 
     R1 status on the Carnegie Classification of Institutions of 
     Higher Education.
       (E) Incentives to attract, recruit, and retain leading 
     research faculty to covered institutions.
       (F) The legal and organizational structure of the 
     contracting entity of covered institutions as compared to the 
     legal and organizational structure of the contracting entity 
     of covered institutions at universities classified as R1 
     status on the Carnegie Classification of Institutions of 
     Higher Education.
       (G) The ability of covered institutions to develop, 
     protect, and commercialize intellectual property created 
     through defense-related research.
       (H) The amount of defense research funding awarded to all 
     colleges and universities through contracts and grants for 
     the fiscal years of 2010 through 2019, including--
       (i) the legal mechanism under which the organization was 
     formed;
       (ii) the total value of contracts and grants awarded to the 
     organization during fiscal years 2010 to 2019;
       (iii) the overhead rate of the organization for fiscal year 
     2019;
       (iv) the Carnegie Classification of Institutions of Higher 
     Education of the associated university or college;
       (v) if the associated university or college qualifies as a 
     historically Black college or university or a minority 
     institution.
       (I) Areas for improvement in the programs executed under 
     section 2362 of title 10, United States Code, the existing 
     authorization to enhance defense-related research and 
     education at covered institutions.
       (J) Previous executive or legislative actions by the 
     Federal Government to address the imbalance in federal 
     research funding, such as the Established Program to 
     Stimulate Competitive Research (commonly known as 
     ``EPSCoR'').
       (K) Any other matters the Commission deems relevant to the 
     advancing the defense research capacity of covered 
     institutions.
       (c) Reports.--
       (1) Initial report.--Not later than 180 days after the date 
     of the enactment of this Act, the Commission shall submit to 
     the President and Congress an initial report on the findings 
     of the Commission and such recommendations that the 
     Commission may have for action by the executive branch and 
     Congress related to the covered institutions participating in 
     Department of Defense research and actions necessary to 
     expand their research capacity.
       (2) Final report.--Prior to the date on which the 
     commission terminates under subsection (d), the Commission 
     shall submit to the President and Congress a comprehensive 
     report on the results of the review required under subsection 
     (b).
       (3) Form of reports.--Reports submitted under this 
     subsection shall be made publically available.
       (d) Termination.--The Commission shall terminate on 
     December 31, 2021.
       (e) Covered Institution Defined.--In this section, the term 
     ``covered institution'' means--
       (1) a part B institution (as that term is defined in 
     section 322(2) of the Higher Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 
     1061(2)); or
       (2) any other institution of higher education (as that term 
     is defined in section 101 of such Act (20 U.S.C. 1001)) at 
     which not less than 50 percent of the total student 
     enrollment consists of students from ethnic groups that are 
     underrepresented in the fields of science and engineering.

                  TITLE III--OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE

              Subtitle A--Authorization of Appropriations

     SEC. 301. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

       Funds are here by authorized to be appropriated for fiscal 
     year 2020 for the use of the Armed Forces and other 
     activities and agencies of the Department of Defense for 
     expenses, not otherwise provided for, for operation and 
     maintenance, as specified in the funding table in section 
     4301.

                   Subtitle B--Energy and Environment

     SEC. 311. TIMELINE FOR CLEARINGHOUSE REVIEW OF APPLICATIONS 
                   FOR ENERGY PROJECTS THAT MAY HAVE AN ADVERSE 
                   IMPACT ON MILITARY OPERATIONS AND READINESS.

       Section 183a(c)(1) of title 10, United States Code, is 
     amended by striking ``60 days'' and inserting ``90 days''.

     SEC. 312. AUTHORITY TO MAKE FINAL FINDING ON DESIGNATION OF 
                   GEOGRAPHIC AREAS OF CONCERN FOR PURPOSES OF 
                   ENERGY PROJECTS WITH ADVERSE IMPACTS ON 
                   MILITARY OPERATIONS AND READINESS.

       Section 183a(d)(2)(E) of title 10, United States Code, is 
     amended--
       (1) by striking ``or a Principal'' and inserting ``a''; and
       (2) by inserting ``, an Assistant Secretary of Defense, or 
     a Deputy Assistant Secretary of Defense'' after ``Deputy 
     Under Secretary of Defense''.

     SEC. 313. AUTHORITY TO ACCEPT CONTRIBUTIONS OF FUNDS FROM 
                   APPLICANTS FOR ENERGY PROJECTS FOR MITIGATION 
                   OF IMPACTS ON MILITARY OPERATIONS AND 
                   READINESS.

       Section 183a(f) of title 10, United States Code, is amended 
     by striking ``for a project filed with the Secretary of 
     Transportation pursuant to section 44718 of title 49'' and 
     inserting ``for an energy project''.

     SEC. 314. DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE IMPROVEMENT OF PREVIOUSLY 
                   CONVEYED UTILITY SYSTEMS SERVING MILITARY 
                   INSTALLATIONS.

       Section 2688 of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
       (1) by redesignating subsection (k) as subsection (l); and
       (2) by inserting after subsection (j) the following new 
     subsection (k):
       ``(k) Improvement of Conveyed Utility Systems.--In the case 
     of a utility system that is conveyed under this section and 
     that only provides utility services to a military 
     installation, the Secretary concerned may use amounts 
     authorized to be appropriated for military construction to 
     improve the reliability, resilience, efficiency, physical 
     security, or cybersecurity of the utility system.''.

     SEC. 315. FIVE-YEAR AUTHORITY FOR NATIONAL GUARD 
                   ENVIRONMENTAL RESTORATION PROJECTS FOR 
                   ENVIRONMENTAL RESPONSES.

       (a) In General.--Section 2707 of title 10, United States 
     Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new 
     subsection:
       ``(e) Temporary Authority for National Guard Projects.--
     Notwithstanding subsection (a) of this section and section 
     2701(c)(1) of this title, during the five-year period 
     beginning on the date of the enactment of this subsection, 
     the Secretary concerned may carry out an environmental 
     restoration project if the Secretary determines that the 
     project is necessary to carry out a response to 
     perfluorooctanoic acid or perfluorooctane sulfonate 
     contamination under this chapter or CERCLA.''.
       (b) Savings Clause.--Nothing in this section, or the 
     amendment made by this section, shall affect any requirement 
     or authority under the Comprehensive Environmental Response, 
     Compensation, and Liability Act of 1980 (42 U.S.C. 9601 et 
     seq.).

     SEC. 316. SALE OF ELECTRICITY FROM ALTERNATE ENERGY AND 
                   COGENERATION PRODUCTION FACILITIES.

       Section 2916(b)(3) of title 10, United States Code, is 
     amended--
       (1) in subparagraph (A), by striking ``and'' at the end; 
     and
       (2) in subparagraph (B)--
       (A) by striking ``shall be available'' and all that follows 
     and inserting ``shall be provided directly to the commander 
     of the military installation in which the geothermal energy 
     resource is located to be used for--''; and
       (B) by adding at the end the following new clauses:
       ``(i) military construction projects described in paragraph 
     (2) that benefit the military installation where the 
     geothermal energy resource is located; or
       ``(ii) energy or water security projects that--
       ``(I) benefit the military installation where the 
     geothermal energy resource is located;
       ``(II) the commander of the military installation 
     determines are necessary; and
       ``(III) are directly coordinated with local area energy or 
     groundwater governing authorities.''.

     SEC. 317. TRANSFER AUTHORITY FOR FUNDING OF STUDY AND 
                   ASSESSMENT ON HEALTH IMPLICATIONS OF PER- AND 
                   POLYFLUOROALKYL SUBSTANCES CONTAMINATION IN 
                   DRINKING WATER BY AGENCY FOR TOXIC SUBSTANCES 
                   AND DISEASE REGISTRY.

       Section 316(a)(2)(B)(ii) of the National Defense 
     Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2018 (Public Law 115-91; 
     131 Stat. 1350), as amended by section 315(a) of the John S. 
     McCain National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 
     2019 (Public Law 115-232), is amended by striking ``2019 and 
     2020'' and inserting ``2019, 2020, and 2021''.

     SEC. 318. REPLACEMENT OF FLUORINATED AQUEOUS FILM-FORMING 
                   FOAM WITH FLUORINE-FREE FIRE-FIGHTING AGENT.

       (a) Use of Fluorine-Free Foam at Military Installations.--
     Not later than January 31, 2025, the Secretary of the Navy 
     shall publish a military specification for a fluorine-free 
     fire-fighting agent for use at all military installations to 
     ensure such agent is available for use by not later than 
     2027.
       (b) Prohibition on Use.--Fluorinated aqueous film-forming 
     foam may not be used at any military installation on or after 
     September 30, 2029, or before such date, if possible.
       (c) Waiver.--
       (1) In general.--Subject to paragraph (2), the Secretary of 
     Defense may grant a waiver to the prohibition under 
     subsection (b) with respect to the use of fluorinated aqueous 
     film-forming foam at a specific military installation if the 
     Secretary submits to the congressional defense committees, by 
     not later than 30 days prior to issuing the waiver--
       (A) notice of the waiver; and

[[Page H5370]]

       (B) certification, in writing, that the waiver is necessary 
     for the protection of life and safety.
       (2) Limitation.--A waiver under this subsection shall apply 
     for a period that does not exceed three years. The Secretary 
     may extend any such waiver once for an additional period that 
     does not exceed three years.

     SEC. 319. PROHIBITION OF UNCONTROLLED RELEASE OF FLUORINATED 
                   AQUEOUS FILM-FORMING FOAM AT MILITARY 
                   INSTALLATIONS.

       (a) Prohibition.--Except as provided by subsection (b), the 
     Secretary of Defense shall prohibit the uncontrolled release 
     of fluorinated aqueous film-forming foam (hereinafter in this 
     section referred to as ``AFFF'') at military installations.
       (b) Exceptions.--Notwithstanding subsection (a), 
     fluorinated AFFF may be released at military installations as 
     follows:
       (1) AFFF may be released for purposes of an emergency 
     response.
       (2) A non-emergency release of AFFF may be made for the 
     purposes of testing of equipment or training of personnel, if 
     complete containment, capture, and proper disposal mechanisms 
     are in place to ensure no AFFF is released into the 
     environment.

     SEC. 320. PROHIBITION ON USE OF FLUORINATED AQUEOUS FILM 
                   FORMING FOAM FOR TRAINING EXERCISES.

       The Secretary of Defense shall prohibit the use of 
     fluorinated aqueous film forming foam for training exercises 
     at military installations.

     SEC. 321. REAL-TIME NOISE-MONITORING STUDY AT NAVY AND AIR 
                   FORCE INSTALLATIONS WHERE TACTICAL FIGHTER 
                   AIRCRAFT OPERATE.

       (a) Real-Time Monitoring.--The Secretary of the Navy and 
     the Secretary of the Air Force shall each conduct a real-time 
     noise-monitoring study at no fewer than three Navy 
     installations and three Air Force installations. In 
     conducting such study, the Secretaries shall--
       (1) select installations where tactical fighter aircraft 
     operate and noise contours have been developed through noise 
     modeling to validate the noise contours developed through 
     analysis and modeling at those installations; and
       (2) ensure that such monitoring is conducted during times 
     of high, medium, and low activity.
       (b) Report Required.--Not later than December 1, 2020, the 
     Secretary of the Navy and the Secretary of the Air Force 
     shall jointly submit to the Committees on Armed Services of 
     the Senate and House of Representatives a report on the real-
     time noise monitoring required under subsection (a). Such 
     report shall include--
       (1) the results of such monitoring;
       (2) a comparison of such monitoring and the noise contours 
     previously developed with the analysis and modeling methods 
     previously used;
       (3) an overview of any changes to the analysis and modeling 
     process that have been made or are being considered as a 
     result of the findings of such monitoring; and
       (4) any other matters that the Secretaries determine 
     appropriate.

     SEC. 322. DEVELOPMENT OF CLIMATE VULNERABILITY AND RISK 
                   ASSESSMENT TOOL.

       (a) In General.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
     the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall 
     develop a climate vulnerability and risk assessment tool to 
     assist the military departments in measuring how the risks 
     associated with climate change impact networks, systems, 
     installations, facilities, and other assets, as well as the 
     operational plans and capabilities of the Department of 
     Defense.
       (b) Consultation.--In developing the tool under subsection 
     (a), the Secretary shall consult with the Administrator of 
     the Environmental Protection Agency, the Secretary of Energy, 
     the Secretary of the Interior, the Administrator of the 
     National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, the 
     Administrator of the Federal Emergency Management Agency, the 
     Commander of the Army Corps of Engineers, the Administrator 
     of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration, a 
     federally funded research and development center, and the 
     heads of such other relevant Federal agencies as the 
     Secretary of Defense determines appropriate.
       (c) Prevailing Scientific Consensus.--Before completing 
     development of the tool under subsection (a), the Secretary 
     shall obtain from a federally funded research and development 
     center with which the Secretary has consulted under 
     subsection (b) a certification in writing that the tool 
     contains a methodology that adequately incorporates the 
     prevailing scientific consensus on climate change.
       (d) Report.--
       (1) In general.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
     the enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall submit to the 
     congressional defense committees a report describing the tool 
     developed under subsection (a).
       (2) Classified annex.--The report under paragraph (1) shall 
     be submitted in unclassified form but may contain a 
     classified annex if necessary.
       (3) Publication.--Upon submittal of the report under 
     paragraph (1), the Secretary shall publish the unclassified 
     portion of the report on an internet website of the 
     Department that is available to the public.
       (e) Updates to Tool.--
       (1) In general.--After submittal of the report under 
     subsection (d), the Secretary of Defense shall update the 
     climate vulnerability and risk assessment tool developed 
     under subsection (a) as the Secretary considers necessary and 
     appropriate, in consultation with the individuals and 
     entities described in subsection (b) and consistent with the 
     prevailing scientific consensus as required under subsection 
     (c).
       (2) Report and publication.--Upon completing an update to 
     the tool under paragraph (1), the Secretary shall--
       (A) submit to the congressional defense committees a report 
     describing such update; and
       (B) publish the unclassified version of such report on an 
     internet website of the Department that is available to the 
     public.

     SEC. 323. PROVISION OF UNCONTAMINATED WATER FOR AGRICULTURAL 
                   USE ON LAND CONTAMINATED BY PFOS AND PFOA USED 
                   ON MILITARY INSTALLATIONS.

       (a) Findings.--Congress makes the following findings:
       (1) Perfluorooctanesulfonic acid (in this section referred 
     to as ``PFOS'') and perfluorooctanoic acid (in this section 
     referred to as ``PFOA'') are part of a class of man-made 
     chemicals that have been used in a variety of industrial and 
     consumer products to make the products resist heat, stains, 
     water, and grease. Because PFOS and PFOA extinguish petroleum 
     fires quickly, the Department of Defense and commercial 
     airports began using aqueous film forming foam containing 
     PFOS and PFOA in the 1970s.
       (2) PFOS and PFOA can accumulate and stay in the body for 
     long periods of time. Exposure to PFOS and PFOA may cause 
     health problems, including issues with the reproductive 
     system, liver and kidney damage, developmental issues in 
     children, and negatively impacted immune system, and cancer.
       (3) A common method of human exposure to PFOS and PFOA is 
     by consuming contaminated drinking water.
       (4) The Environmental Protection Agency issued lifetime 
     health advisories under the Safe Drinking Water Act for 
     individual or combined PFOS and PFOA concentrations at 70 
     parts per trillion in 2016, but has not yet issued any 
     guidance or regulation for groundwater or agricultural water.
       (5) The Department of Defense has provided mitigations in 
     many communities where drinking water has tested at or above 
     the lifetime health advisory level, including bottled water 
     and drinking water filtration systems. Due to the lack of 
     regulatory guidance, these mitigations have not been mirrored 
     in agricultural water systems.
       (6) As a result, farmers located adjacent to military 
     installations with PFOS and PFOA contamination that has 
     migrated off-installation are potentially impacted, and in at 
     least one case, such contamination has had a serious impact 
     on the livelihood of a dairy farmer.
       (b) Authority to Provide Uncontaminated Water for 
     Agricultural Purposes.--
       (1) In general.--If an area has been identified under 
     paragraph (2), and a military installation has been 
     determined to be the source of that contamination, the 
     Secretary of Defense or the Secretary concerned may provide, 
     for the purpose of producing agricultural products destined 
     for human consumption--
       (A) water sources uncontaminated with perfluoroalkyl and 
     polyfluoroalkyl substances, including PFOA and PFOS, or
       (B) treatment of contaminated waters.
       (2) Identification of areas.--An area identified under this 
     paragraph is an area for which the level of PFOA or PFOS 
     contamination--
       (A) is above the lifetime health advisory for contamination 
     for such compounds as issued by the Environmental Protection 
     Agency and printed in the Federal Register on May 25, 2016;
       (B) is at or above a regulatory standard set by the Food 
     and Drug Administration for PFOA and PFOS in raw agricultural 
     commodities and milk; or
       (C) is at or above a duly promulgated, non-discriminatory 
     standard promulgated by a State regulatory entity for PFOA 
     and PFOS in raw agricultural commodities and milk.
       (3) Source of funds.--Amounts used to carry out this 
     section shall be derived--
       (A) in the case of amounts made available by the Secretary 
     concerned, from amounts authorized to be appropriated for 
     Operation and Maintenance for the military department 
     concerned; or
       (B) in the case of amounts made available by the Secretary 
     of Defense, from amounts authorized to be appropriated for 
     Operation and Maintenance, Defense-wide.
       (c) Sense of Congress Regarding Land Acquisition.--It is 
     the sense of Congress that the Secretary concerned should 
     explore authorities under which the Secretary could acquire 
     land the land adjacent to military installations where the 
     owners of the land have experienced impacts to their 
     livelihood due to PFOS and PFOA contamination that has been 
     verified to have been caused by that installation, including 
     the authorities under sections 2663, 2864a, and 2869 of title 
     10, United States Code.

                 Subtitle C--Logistics and Sustainment

     SEC. 331. MATERIAL READINESS METRICS AND OBJECTIVES.

       (a) Material Readiness Metrics and Objectives.--
       (1) In general.--Chapter 2 of title 10, United States Code, 
     is amended by inserting after section 117 the following new 
     section:

     ``Sec. 118. Material readiness metrics and objectives

       ``(a) Guidance.--(1) The Secretary of Defense shall issue 
     and maintain guidance requiring the implementation and use of 
     material readiness metrics to enable assessment of the 
     readiness of armed forces to carry out the national defense 
     strategy required by section 113 of this title.
       ``(2) Guidance issued pursuant to this section shall ensure 
     that such material readiness metrics--
       ``(A) are based on standardized and consistent criteria; 
     and
       ``(B) are applied, used, recorded, and reported in same 
     manner by all components of the Department of Defense.
       ``(b) Metrics.--At a minimum, the material readiness 
     metrics required by subsection (a) shall address the material 
     availability, operational availability, and material 
     reliability of

[[Page H5371]]

     each major weapon system by designated mission design series, 
     variant, or class.
       ``(c) Material Readiness Objectives.--(1) The Secretary of 
     Defense shall establish, and annually review and revise, an 
     objective value for each metric required by subsection (b) as 
     a necessary component to support the review and revision of 
     the national defense strategy required by section 113 of this 
     title.
       ``(2) To the maximum extent practicable, the Secretary 
     shall ensure that objective values established under this 
     subsection are unclassified.
       ``(d) Definitions.--In this section:
       ``(1) The term `major weapons system' has the meaning given 
     the term `major system' under section 2302(5) of this title, 
     except that such term does not include an acquisition program 
     for a defense business system (as defined in section 
     2222(i)(1) of this title).
       ``(2) The term `material availability' means the measure of 
     the percentage of the total inventory of a system that is 
     operationally capable of performing an assigned mission.
       ``(3) The term `material reliability' means the probability 
     that a covered asset will perform without failure over a 
     specified interval.
       ``(4) The term `operational availability' means the measure 
     of the percentage of time a covered asset is operationally 
     capable.''.
       (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at the 
     beginning of such chapter is amended by inserting after the 
     item relating to section 117 the following new item:

``118. Material readiness metrics and objectives.''.
       (b) Conforming Amendment.--Section 2337(b)(2)(A) of title 
     10, United States Code, is amended--
       (1) by inserting ``to meet the material readiness 
     objectives'' before ``for the weapon system''; and
       (2) by inserting ``under section 118 of this title'' after 
     ``weapon system''.
       (c) Deadlines.--
       (1) Deadline for guidance.--The guidance required by 
     section 118(a) of title 10, United States Code, as added by 
     subsection (a), shall be issued by not later than 180 days 
     after the date of the enactment of this Act.
       (2) Deadline for establishment of material readiness 
     objectives.--The material readiness objectives required by 
     section 118(c)(1) of title 10, United States Code, as added 
     by subsection (a), shall be established by not later than one 
     year after the date of the enactment of this Act.

     SEC. 332. CLARIFICATION OF AUTHORITY REGARDING USE OF WORKING 
                   CAPITAL FUNDS FOR UNSPECIFIED MINOR MILITARY 
                   CONSTRUCTION PROJECTS RELATED TO REVITALIZATION 
                   AND RECAPITALIZATION OF DEFENSE INDUSTRIAL BASE 
                   FACILITIES.

       Section 2208(u) of title 10, United States Code, is 
     amended--
       (1) in paragraph (1), by striking ``carry out'' and 
     inserting ``fund'';
       (2) in paragraph (2)--
       (A) by striking ``Section 2805'' and inserting ``(A) Except 
     as provided in subparagraph (B), section 2805'';
       (B) by striking ``carried out with'' and inserting ``funded 
     using''; and
       (C) by adding at the end the following new subparagraph:
       ``(B) For purposes of applying subparagraph (A), the dollar 
     limitation specified in subsection (a)(2) of section 2805 of 
     this title, subject to adjustment as provided in subsection 
     (f) of such section, shall apply rather than the dollar 
     limitation specified in subsection (c) of such section.''; 
     and
       (3) in paragraph (4), by striking ``carry out'' and 
     inserting ``fund''.

     SEC. 333. F-35 JOINT STRIKE FIGHTER SUSTAINMENT.

       (a) Limitation on Use of Funds.--Of the amounts authorized 
     to be appropriated or otherwise made available in this Act 
     for the Office of the Under Secretary of Defense for 
     Acquisition and Sustainment for fiscal year 2020, not more 
     than 75 percent may be obligated or expended until the date 
     on which the Under Secretary submits the report required by 
     subsection (b).
       (b) Report Required.--The Under Secretary of Defense for 
     Acquisition and Sustainment shall submit to the Committees on 
     Armed Services of the Senate and House of Representatives a 
     report on steps being taken to improve the availability and 
     accountability of F-35 parts within the supply chain. At a 
     minimum, the report shall include a detailed plan for each of 
     the following elements:
       (1) How the accountable property system of record will be 
     updated with information from the prime contractors supplying 
     such parts on required cost and related data with respect to 
     the parts and how the F-35 Program Office will ensure such 
     contractors are adhering to contractual requirements for the 
     management, reporting, visibility, and accountability of all 
     such parts supplied by the prime contractors.
       (2) How the accountability property system of record will 
     have interfaces that allow the F-35 Program Office and other 
     authorized entities to have proper accountability of assets 
     in accordance with applicable Department of Defense 
     Instructions, Department of Defense Manuals, and other 
     applicable regulations.
       (3) How the F-35 Program Office and the Secretary of each 
     of the military departments will ensure business rules for 
     the prioritization of F-35 parts across all program 
     participants is sufficient, effective, and responsive.
       (4) Steps being taken to ensure parts within the base, 
     afloat, and deployment spares packages are compatible for 
     deploying F-35 aircraft and account for updated parts demand.

     SEC. 334. REPORT ON STRATEGIC POLICY FOR PREPOSITIONED 
                   MATERIEL AND EQUIPMENT.

       (a) Report Required.--Not later than March 1, 2020, the 
     Assistant Secretary of Defense for Sustainment, in 
     coordination with the Joint Staff, shall submit to the 
     Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and House of 
     Representatives a report on the implementation plan for 
     prepositioned materiel and equipment required by section 
     321(b) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
     Year 2014 (Public Law 113-66; 127 Stat. 730; 10 U.S.C. 2229 
     note). Such report shall include each of the following:
       (1) A comprehensive list of the prepositioned materiel and 
     equipment programs of the Department of Defense.
       (2) A detailed description of how the plan will be 
     implemented.
       (3) A description of the resources required to implement 
     the plan, including the amount of funds and personnel.
       (4) A description of how the plan will be reviewed and 
     assessed to monitor progress.
       (5) Guidance on applying a consistent definition of 
     prepositioning across the Department, including the military 
     departments, the combatant commands, and the Defense 
     Agencies.
       (6) A detailed description of how the Secretary will 
     implement a joint oversight approach of the prepositioning 
     programs of the military departments.
       (b) Limitation on Use of Funds.--Of the amounts authorized 
     to be appropriated or otherwise made available in this Act 
     for the Office of the Assistant Secretary of Defense for 
     Sustainment for fiscal year 2020, not more than 75 percent 
     may be obligated or expended until the date on which the 
     Assistant Secretary submits the report required by subsection 
     (a).

     SEC. 335. LIMITATION ON USE OF FUNDS FOR IMPLEMENTATION OF 
                   ELEMENTS OF MASTER PLAN FOR REDEVELOPMENT OF 
                   FORMER SHIP REPAIR FACILITY IN GUAM.

       (a) Limitation.--Except as provided in subsection (b), none 
     of the funds authorized to be appropriated by this Act or 
     otherwise made available for the Navy for fiscal year 2020 
     may be obligated or expended for any construction, 
     alteration, repair, or development of the real property 
     consisting of the Former Ship Repair Facility in Guam.
       (b) Exception.--The limitation under subsection (a) does 
     not apply to any project that directly supports depot-level 
     ship maintenance capabilities, including the mooring of a 
     floating dry dock.
       (c) Former Ship Repair Facility in Guam.--In this section, 
     the term ``Former Ship Repair Facility in Guam'' means the 
     property identified by that name under the base realignment 
     and closure authority carried out under the Defense Base 
     Closure and Realignment Act of 1990 (part A of title XXIX of 
     Public Law 101-510; 10 U.S.C. 2687 note).

                          Subtitle D--Reports

     SEC. 341. READINESS REPORTING.

       (a) Readiness Reporting System.--Section 117 of title 10, 
     United State Code, is amended--
       (1) by striking subsections (d) through (g); and
       (2) by redesignating subsection (h) as subsection (d).
       (b) Quarterly Reports.--Section 482 of title 10, United 
     States Code, is amended--
       (1) in the section heading, by striking ``Quarterly 
     reports: personnel and unit readiness'' and inserting 
     ``Readiness reports'';
       (2) in subsection (a)--
       (A) In the subsection heading, by striking `` Quarterly 
     Reports Required'' and inserting ``Reports and Briefings'';
       (B) In the first sentence--
       (i) by striking ``Not later'' and inserting ``(1) Not 
     later''; and
       (ii) by striking ``each calendar-year quarter'' and 
     inserting ``the second and fourth quarter of each calendar 
     year'';
       (C) by striking the second and third sentences and 
     inserting ``The Secretary of Defense shall submit each such 
     report in writing and shall also submit a copy of each such 
     report to the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff.''; and
       (D) by adding at the end the following new paragraphs:
       ``(2) Not later than 30 days after the end of the first and 
     third quarter of each calendar year, the Secretary of Defense 
     shall provide to Congress a briefing regarding the military 
     readiness of the active and reserve components.
       ``(3) Each report under this subsection shall contain the 
     elements required by subsection (b) for the quarter covered 
     by the report, and each briefing shall address any changes to 
     the elements described in subsection (b) since the submittal 
     of the most recently submitted report.'';
       (3) by striking subsection (b) and inserting the following:
       ``(b) Required Elements.--The elements described in this 
     subsection are each of the following:
       ``(1) A description of each readiness problem or deficiency 
     that affects the ground, sea, air, space, cyber, or special 
     operations forces, and any other area determined appropriate 
     by the Secretary of Defense.
       ``(2) The key contributing factors, indicators, and other 
     relevant information related to each identified problem or 
     deficiency.
       ``(3) The short-term mitigation strategy the Department 
     will employ to address each readiness problem or deficiency 
     until a resolution is in place, as well as the timeline, 
     cost, and any legislative remedies required to support the 
     resolution.
       ``(4) A summary of combat readiness ratings for the key 
     force elements assessed, including specific information on 
     personnel, supply, equipment, and training problems or 
     deficiencies that affect the combat readiness ratings for 
     each force element.
       ``(5) A summary of each upgrade or downgrade of the combat 
     readiness of a unit that was issued by the commander of the 
     unit, together

[[Page H5372]]

     with the rationale of the commander for the issuance of such 
     upgrade or downgrade.
       ``(6) A summary of the readiness of supporting 
     capabilities, including infrastructure, prepositioned 
     equipment and supplies, and mobility assets, and other 
     supporting logistics capabilities.
       ``(7) A summary of the readiness of the combat support and 
     related agencies, any readiness problem or deficiency 
     affecting any mission essential tasks of any such agency, and 
     actions recommended to address any such problem or 
     deficiency.
       ``(8) A list of all Class A, Class B, and Class C mishaps 
     that occurred in operations related to combat support and 
     training events involving aviation, ground, or naval 
     platforms, weapons, space, or Government vehicles, as defined 
     by Department of Defense Instruction 6055.07, or a successor 
     instruction.
       ``(9) Information on the extent to which units of the armed 
     forces have removed serviceable parts, supplies, or equipment 
     from one vehicle, vessel, or aircraft in order to render a 
     different vehicle, vessel, or aircraft operational.
       ``(10) Such other information as determined necessary or 
     appropriate by the Secretary of Defense.'';
       (4) by striking subsections (d) through (h) and subsection 
     (j);
       (5) by redesignating subsection (i) as subsection (e); and
       (6) by inserting after subsection (c) the following new 
     subsections (d):
       ``(d) Semi-Annual Joint Force Readiness Review.--(1) Not 
     later than 30 days after the last day of the first and third 
     quarter of each calendar year, the Chairman of the Joint 
     Chiefs of Staff shall submit to Congress a written report on 
     the capability of the armed forces, the combat support and 
     related agencies, operational contract support, and the 
     geographic and functional combatant commands to execute their 
     wartime missions based upon their posture and readiness as of 
     the time the review is conducted.
       ``(2) The Chairman shall produce the report required under 
     this subsection using information derived from the quarterly 
     reports required by subsection (a).
       ``(3) Each report required by this subsection shall include 
     an assessment by each commander of a geographic or functional 
     combatant command of the readiness of the command to conduct 
     operations in a multidomain battle that integrates ground, 
     sea, air, space, cyber, and special operations forces.
       ``(4) The Chairman shall submit to the Secretary of Defense 
     a copy of each report under this subsection.''.
       (c) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the 
     beginning of chapter 23 of such title is amended by striking 
     the item relating to section 482 and inserting the following 
     new item:

``482. Readiness reports.''.

     SEC. 342. EXTENSION OF DEADLINE FOR TRANSITION FROM SERVICE-
                   SPECIFIC DEFENSE READINESS REPORTING SYSTEMS.

       Section 358(c) of the John S. McCain National Defense 
     Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2019 (Public Law 115-232) 
     is amended by striking ``October 1, 2019'' and inserting 
     ``October 1, 2020''.

     SEC. 343. REPORT ON NAVY SHIP DEPOT MAINTENANCE BUDGET.

       (a) In General.--Not later than March 1 of each of 2020, 
     2021, and 2022, the Secretary of the Navy shall submit to the 
     Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of 
     Representatives a report on the Operation and Maintenance 
     Ship Depot Maintenance budget sub-activity group.
       (b) Elements.--The report required under subsection (a) 
     shall include each of the following elements:
       (1) A breakdown of funding, categorized by class of ship, 
     requested for ship and submarine maintenance.
       (2) A description of how the requested funding, categorized 
     by class of ship, compares to the identified ship maintenance 
     requirement.
       (3) The amount of funds appropriated for each class of ship 
     for the preceding fiscal year.
       (4) The amount of funds obligated and expended for each 
     class of ship for each of the three preceding fiscal years.
       (5) The cost, categorized by class of ship, of unplanned 
     growth work for each of the three preceding fiscal years.

     SEC. 344. REPORT ON RUNIT DOME.

       (a) Report Required.--Not later than 180 days after the 
     date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Energy, 
     in coordination with the Administrator of the Environmental 
     Protection Agency and Secretary of Defense, shall submit to 
     the Committee on Energy and Commerce, the Committee on 
     Natural Resources, and the Committee on Armed Services of the 
     House of Representatives and the Committee on Armed Services 
     and the Committee on Energy and Natural Resources of the 
     Senate a report on the status of the Runit Dome in the 
     Marshal Islands.
       (b) Matters for Inclusion.--The report required by 
     subsection (a) shall include each of the following:
       (1) A detailed plan to remove the radioactive materials in 
     the dome to a safer and more stable location, including a 
     predicted timeline and associated costs.
       (2) A detailed plan to repair the dome to ensure that it 
     does not have any harmful effects to the local population, 
     environment, or wildlife, including the projected costs of 
     implementing such plan.
       (3) The effects on the environment that the dome has 
     currently and is projected to have in 5 years, 10 years, and 
     20 years.
       (4) An assessment on the safety of food gathered from local 
     food sources.
       (5) An assessment of the current condition of the outer 
     constructs of the dome.
       (6) An assessment of the current and long-term safety to 
     local humans posed by the site.
       (7) How climate change and rising sea levels are predicted 
     to affect the dome, including a description of projected 
     scenarios if the dome becomes partially or fully submerged by 
     ocean water.
       (8) A summary of interactions between the Government of the 
     United States and the government of the Marshall Islands 
     about the dome.
       (9) A detailed description of the physical health effects 
     on Pacific Islanders, including residents of Hawaii, Fuji, 
     and Samoa, of nuclear testing conducted at Runit Dome.
       (10) A detailed description of the pre- and post-nuclear 
     test communications between the United States and the 
     governments of the territories and nations of the Pacific 
     Islands, including Hawaii, Fuji, and Samoa.
       (c) Form of Report.--The report required by subsection (a) 
     shall be submitted in unclassified form and made publicly 
     available.

                       Subtitle E--Other Matters

     SEC. 351. INCLUSION OF OVER-THE-HORIZON RADARS IN EARLY 
                   OUTREACH PROCEDURES.

       Section 183a(c)(6) of title 10, United States Code, is 
     amended by striking ``or airport surveillance radar'' and 
     inserting ``, airport surveillance radar, or wide area 
     surveillance over-the-horizon radar''.

     SEC. 352. EXTENSION OF AUTHORITY FOR SECRETARY OF DEFENSE TO 
                   USE DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE REIMBURSEMENT RATE 
                   FOR TRANSPORTATION SERVICES PROVIDED TO CERTAIN 
                   NON-DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE ENTITIES.

       Section 2642(b) of title 10, United States Code, is amended 
     by striking ``October 1, 2019'' and inserting ``October 1, 
     2024''.

     SEC. 353. EXPANDED TRANSFER AND ADOPTION OF MILITARY ANIMALS.

       Section 2583 of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
       (1) in subsection (a)--
       (A) in the subsection heading, by inserting ``Transfer or'' 
     before ``Adoption''; and
       (B) by striking ``adoption'' each place it appears and 
     inserting ``transfer or adoption'';
       (2) in subsection (b)--
       (A) in the subsection heading, by inserting ``Transfer or'' 
     before ``Adoption'';
       (B) in the first sentence, by striking ``adoption'' and 
     inserting ``transfer or adoption''; and
       (C) in the second sentence, by striking ``adoptability'' 
     and inserting ``transferability or adoptability'';
       (3) in subsection (c)(1)--
       (A) in the matter preceding subparagraph (A), by inserting 
     ``transfer or'' before ``adoption'';
       (B) in subparagraphs (A) and (B), by inserting ``adoption'' 
     before ``by'';
       (C) in subparagraph (B), by inserting ``or organizations'' 
     after ``persons''; and
       (D) in subparagraph (C), by striking ``by'' and inserting 
     ``transfer to'';
       (4) in subsection (e)--
       (A) in the subsection heading, by inserting ``or Adopted'' 
     after ``Transferred'';
       (B) in paragraphs (1) and (2), by striking ``transferred'' 
     each place it appears and inserting ``transferred or 
     adopted''; and
       (C) in paragraph (2), by striking ``transfer'' each place 
     it appears and inserting ``transfer or adoption'';
       (5) in subsection (f)--
       (A) in the subsection heading, by striking ``Transfer of 
     Retired'' and inserting ``Transportation of Retiring''; and
       (B) in paragraph (1), by striking ``transfer'' and 
     inserting ``transport'';
       (6) in subsection (g)(3), by striking ``adoption of 
     military working dogs'' and all that follows through the 
     period at the end and inserting ``transfer of military 
     working dogs to law enforcement agencies before the end of 
     the dogs' useful working lives.''; and
       (7) in subsection (h)(2), by striking ``A horse'' and 
     inserting ``An equid (horse, mule, or donkey)''.

     SEC. 354. EXTENSION OF AUTHORITY OF SECRETARY OF 
                   TRANSPORTATION TO ISSUE NON-PREMIUM AVIATION 
                   INSURANCE.

       Section 44310(b) of title 49, United States Code, is 
     amended by striking ``December 31, 2019'' and inserting 
     ``September 30, 2023''.

     SEC. 355. DEFENSE PERSONAL PROPERTY PROGRAM.

       (a) Advisory Group.--
       (1) Establishment.--There is established an advisory group 
     on the defense personal property program, to be known as the 
     ``Global Household Relocation Services Advisory Committee''.
       (2) Membership.--The advisory group shall be comprised of 
     15 members appointed from among individuals who represent 
     appropriate entities as follows:
       (A) One member representing United States Transportation 
     Command appointed by the Commander of United States 
     Transportation Command.
       (B) A flag or general officer of the Armed Forces 
     representing each of the Army, Navy, Air Force, Marine Corps, 
     and Coast Guard appointed by the Vice Chief of Staff of the 
     Army, Vice Chief of Naval Operations, Vice Chief of Staff of 
     the Air Force, the Assistant Commandant of the Marine Corps, 
     and Vice Commandant of the Coast Guard, respectively.
       (C) Four members representing appropriate transportation 
     service providers, including two small business concerns, 
     appointed by the Assistant Secretary of Defense for 
     Sustainment.
       (D) Five members representing consumer representatives who 
     are members of the Armed Forces or spouses of members of the 
     Armed Forces, one of whom is appointed by the senior non-
     commissioned officer of each of the Army, Navy, Air Force, 
     Marine Corps, and Coast Guard.

[[Page H5373]]

       (3) Meetings.--The advisory group shall convene regularly 
     to provide to the Secretary of Defense feedback on the 
     execution of, and any recommended changes to, the global 
     household goods contract.
       (4) Reports.--
       (A) Quarterly reports.--Not later than 30 days after the 
     last day of a fiscal quarter, the advisory group shall submit 
     to the congressional defense committees a report on the 
     activities and recommendations of the advisory group during 
     such fiscal quarter.
       (B) Termination of report requirement.--The requirement to 
     submit a report under subparagraph (A) shall terminate on the 
     termination date specified under paragraph (5)(A).
       (5) Termination.--The advisory group shall terminate on the 
     date that is five years after the date of the enactment of 
     this Act.
       (b) Business Case Analysis.--Not later than 60 days after 
     the date of the enactment of this Act, the Commander of 
     United States Transportation Command shall prepare a business 
     case analysis for the proposed award of a global household 
     goods contract for the defense personal property program.
       (c) Limitation.--None of the funds authorized to be 
     appropriated in this Act for fiscal year 2020 shall be 
     available to enter into a global household goods contract 
     until the date that is 30 days after the date on which the 
     Commander of United States Transportation Command provides to 
     the congressional defense committees a briefing on--
       (1) the business case analysis required by subsection (b); 
     and
       (2) the proposed structure and meeting schedule for the 
     advisory group established under subsection (a).
       (d) Definitions.--In this section:
       (1) The term ``global household goods contract'' means the 
     solicitation managed by United States Transportation Command 
     to engage a private entity to manage the defense personal 
     property program.
       (2) The term ``defense personal property program'' means 
     the Department of Defense program used to manage the shipment 
     of the baggage and household effects of members of the Armed 
     Forces under section 476 of title 37, United States Code.

     SEC. 356. PUBLIC EVENTS ABOUT RED HILL BULK FUEL STORAGE 
                   FACILITY.

       (a) Requirement.--At least once every calendar quarter, the 
     Secretary of the Navy, or the designee of the Secretary, 
     shall hold an event that is open to the public at which the 
     Secretary shall provide up-to-date information about the Red 
     Hill Bulk Fuel Storage Facility.
       (b) Termination.--The requirement to hold events under 
     subsection (a) shall terminate on the earlier of the 
     following dates:
       (1) September 30, 2025.
       (2) The date on which the Red Hill Bulk Fuel Storage 
     Facility ceases operation.

     SEC. 357. SENSE OF CONGRESS REGARDING INNOVATIVE READINESS 
                   TRAINING PROGRAM.

       It is the sense of Congress that--
       (1) the Innovative Readiness Training program is an 
     effective training program for members of the Armed Forces 
     and is highly beneficial to civilian-military relationships 
     with local American communities;
       (2) due to the geographic complexities and realities of 
     non-contiguous States and territories, Innovative Readiness 
     Training has lent greater benefit to such States and 
     territories while providing unique and realistic training 
     opportunities and deployment readiness for members of the 
     Armed Forces;
       (3) the Department of Defense should pursue continued 
     Innovative Readiness Training opportunities, and, where 
     applicable, strongly encourage the use of Innovative 
     Readiness Training in non-contiguous States and territories; 
     and
       (4) in considering whether to recommend a project, the 
     Secretary should consider the benefits of the project to the 
     economy of a region damaged by natural disasters.

     SEC. 358. PILOT PROGRAM ON REDUCTION OF EFFECTS OF MILITARY 
                   AVIATION NOISE ON PRIVATE RESIDENCES.

       (a) In General.--The Secretary of Defense shall carry out a 
     five-year pilot program under which the commander of a 
     military installation may provide funds for the purpose of 
     installing noise insulation on private residences impacted by 
     military aviation noise from the installation.
       (b) Eligibility.--To be eligible to receive funds under the 
     pilot program, a recipient shall enter into an agreement with 
     the commander to--
       (1) provide at least 50 percent of the funds required to 
     carry out the noise insulation; and
       (2) ensure that the noise at any private residence where 
     insulation is installed is reduced by at least 5 dB.
       (c) Use of Funds.--Funds provided under the pilot program 
     shall be used for the installation of noise insulation at a 
     residence--
       (1) located within a Department of Defense noise contour 
     between 65 dB day-night average sound level and 75 dB day-
     night average sound level as validated on a National 
     Environmental Policy Act-compliant assessment within the past 
     three years; and
       (2) where interior noise has been measured at 45 dB day-
     night average sound level by the installation.
       (d) Goals and Best Practices.--In carrying out the pilot 
     program under this section, a commander shall use the 
     following goals and best practices:
       (1) Minimize cost in order to maximize number of homes 
     served.
       (2) Focus efforts on residences newly impacted by increased 
     noise levels.

              TITLE IV--MILITARY PERSONNEL AUTHORIZATIONS

                       Subtitle A--Active Forces

     SEC. 401. END STRENGTHS FOR ACTIVE FORCES.

       The Armed Forces are authorized strengths for active duty 
     personnel as of September 30, 2020, as follows:
       (1) The Army, 480,000.
       (2) The Navy, 340,500.
       (3) The Marine Corps, 186,200.
       (4) The Air Force, 332,800.

     SEC. 402. REVISIONS IN PERMANENT ACTIVE DUTY END STRENGTH 
                   MINIMUM LEVELS.

       Section 691(b) of title 10, United States Code, is amended 
     by striking paragraphs (1) through (4) and inserting the 
     following new paragraphs:
       ``(1) For the Army, 480,000.
       ``(2) For the Navy, 340,500.
       ``(3) For the Marine Corps, 186,200.
       ``(4) For the Air Force, 332,800.''.

                       Subtitle B--Reserve Forces

     SEC. 411. END STRENGTHS FOR SELECTED RESERVE.

       (a) In General.--The Armed Forces are authorized strengths 
     for Selected Reserve personnel of the reserve components as 
     of September 30, 2020, as follows:
       (1) The Army National Guard of the United States, 336,000.
       (2) The Army Reserve, 189,500.
       (3) The Navy Reserve, 59,000.
       (4) The Marine Corps Reserve, 38,500.
       (5) The Air National Guard of the United States, 107,700.
       (6) The Air Force Reserve, 70,100.
       (7) The Coast Guard Reserve, 7,000.
       (b) End Strength Reductions.--The end strengths prescribed 
     by subsection (a) for the Selected Reserve of any reserve 
     component shall be proportionately reduced by--
       (1) the total authorized strength of units organized to 
     serve as units of the Selected Reserve of such component 
     which are on active duty (other than for training) at the end 
     of the fiscal year; and
       (2) the total number of individual members not in units 
     organized to serve as units of the Selected Reserve of such 
     component who are on active duty (other than for training or 
     for unsatisfactory participation in training) without their 
     consent at the end of the fiscal year.
       (c) End Strength Increases.--Whenever units or individual 
     members of the Selected Reserve of any reserve component are 
     released from active duty during any fiscal year, the end 
     strength prescribed for such fiscal year for the Selected 
     Reserve of such reserve component shall be increased 
     proportionately by the total authorized strengths of such 
     units and by the total number of such individual members.

     SEC. 412. END STRENGTHS FOR RESERVES ON ACTIVE DUTY IN 
                   SUPPORT OF THE RESERVES.

       Within the end strengths prescribed in section 411(a), the 
     reserve components of the Armed Forces are authorized, as of 
     September 30, 2020, the following number of Reserves to be 
     serving on full-time active duty or full-time duty, in the 
     case of members of the National Guard, for the purpose of 
     organizing, administering, recruiting, instructing, or 
     training the reserve components:
       (1) The Army National Guard of the United States, 30,595.
       (2) The Army Reserve, 16,511.
       (3) The Navy Reserve, 10,155.
       (4) The Marine Corps Reserve, 2,386.
       (5) The Air National Guard of the United States, 22,637.
       (6) The Air Force Reserve, 4,431.

     SEC. 413. END STRENGTHS FOR MILITARY TECHNICIANS (DUAL 
                   STATUS).

       The minimum number of military technicians (dual status) as 
     of the last day of fiscal year 2020 for the reserve 
     components of the Army and the Air Force (notwithstanding 
     section 129 of title 10, United States Code) shall be the 
     following:
       (1) For the Army National Guard of the United States, 
     22,294.
       (2) For the Army Reserve, 6,492.
       (3) For the Air National Guard of the United States, 
     13,573.
       (4) For the Air Force Reserve, 8,848.

     SEC. 414. MAXIMUM NUMBER OF RESERVE PERSONNEL AUTHORIZED TO 
                   BE ON ACTIVE DUTY FOR OPERATIONAL SUPPORT.

       During fiscal year 2020, the maximum number of members of 
     the reserve components of the Armed Forces who may be serving 
     at any time on full-time operational support duty under 
     section 115(b) of title 10, United States Code, is the 
     following:
       (1) The Army National Guard of the United States, 17,000.
       (2) The Army Reserve, 13,000.
       (3) The Navy Reserve, 6,200.
       (4) The Marine Corps Reserve, 3,000.
       (5) The Air National Guard of the United States, 16,000.
       (6) The Air Force Reserve, 14,000.

              Subtitle C--Authorization of Appropriations

     SEC. 421. MILITARY PERSONNEL.

       (a) Authorization of Appropriations.--Funds are hereby 
     authorized to be appropriated for fiscal year 2020 for the 
     use of the Armed Forces and other activities and agencies of 
     the Department of Defense for expenses, not otherwise 
     provided for, for military personnel, as specified in the 
     funding table in section 4401.
       (b) Construction of Authorization.--The authorization of 
     appropriations in the subsection (a) supersedes any other 
     authorization of appropriations (definite or indefinite) for 
     such purpose for fiscal year 2020.

                   TITLE V--MILITARY PERSONNEL POLICY

                  Subtitle A--Officer Personnel Policy

     SEC. 501. MANAGEMENT POLICIES FOR JOINT QUALIFIED OFFICERS.

       Section 661(d)(3)(B) of title 10, United States Code, is 
     amended in the third sentence by inserting ``or a designee of 
     the Chairman who is

[[Page H5374]]

     an officer of the armed forces in grade O-8 or higher'' 
     before the period.

     SEC. 502. GRADE OF CHIEF OF THE VETERINARY CORPS OF THE ARMY.

       Section 7084 of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
     adding at the end the following: ``An officer appointed to 
     that position who holds a lower grade shall be appointed in 
     the grade of brigadier general.''

     SEC. 503. AUTHORITY OF PROMOTION BOARDS TO RECOMMEND THAT 
                   OFFICERS OF PARTICULAR MERIT BE PLACED HIGHER 
                   ON PROMOTION LIST.

       (a) In General.--Section 14108 of title 10, United States 
     Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new 
     subsection:
       ``(f) Higher Placement of Officers of Particular Merit on 
     Promotion List.--(1) In selecting officers to be recommended 
     for promotion, a promotion board may, when authorized by the 
     Secretary concerned, recommend that officers of particular 
     merit, from among those officers selected for promotion, be 
     placed higher on the promotion list established by the 
     Secretary under section 14308(a) of this title.
       ``(2) A promotion board may make a recommendation under 
     paragraph (1) only if an officer receives the recommendation 
     of--
       ``(A) a majority of the members of the promotion board; or
       ``(B) an alternative requirement established by the 
     Secretary concerned and furnished to the promotion board as 
     part of the guidelines under section 14107 of this title.
       ``(3) For officers who receive recommendations under 
     paragraph (1), the board shall recommend the order in which 
     those officers should be placed on the promotion list.''.
       (b) Reports Regarding Recommendations That Officers of 
     Particular Merit Be Placed Higher on Promotion List.--Section 
     14109 of such title is amended by adding at the end the 
     following new subsection:
       ``(d) Report of Officers Recommended for Higher Placement 
     on Promotion List.--A promotion board convened under section 
     14101(a) of this title shall, when authorized under section 
     14108(f) of this title, include in its report to the 
     Secretary concerned--
       ``(1) the names of those officers the promotion board 
     recommends be placed higher on the promotion list; and
       ``(2) the order in which the promotion board recommends 
     those officers should be placed on the promotion list.''.
       (c) Officers of Particular Merit Appearing Higher on 
     Promotion List.--Section 14308(a) of such title is amended in 
     the first sentence by inserting ``or based on particular 
     merit, as determined by the promotion board'' before the 
     period.

     SEC. 504. AVAILABILITY ON THE INTERNET OF CERTAIN INFORMATION 
                   ABOUT OFFICERS SERVING IN GENERAL OR FLAG 
                   OFFICER GRADES.

       (a) Availability Required.--
       (1) In general.--The Secretary of each military department 
     shall make available on an internet website of such 
     department available to the public information specified in 
     paragraph (2) on each officer in a general or flag officer 
     grade under the jurisdiction of such Secretary, including any 
     such officer on the reserve active-status list.
       (2) Information.--The information on an officer specified 
     by this paragraph to be made available pursuant to paragraph 
     (1) is the information as follows:
       (A) The officer's name.
       (B) The officer's current grade, duty position, command or 
     organization, and location of assignment.
       (C) A summary list of the officer's past duty assignments 
     while serving in a general or flag officer grade.
       (b) Additional Public Notice on Certain Officers.--Whenever 
     an officer in a grade of O-7 or above is assigned to a new 
     billet or reassigned from a current billet, the Secretary of 
     the military department having jurisdiction of such officer 
     shall make available on an internet website of such 
     department available to the public a notice of such 
     assignment or reassignment.
       (c) Limitation on Withholding of Certain Information or 
     Notice.--
       (1) Limitation.--The Secretary of a military department may 
     not withhold the information or notice specified in 
     subsections (a) and (b) from public availability pursuant to 
     subsection (a), unless and until the Secretary notifies the 
     Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and House of 
     Representatives in writing of the information or notice that 
     will be so withheld, together with justification for 
     withholding the information or notice from public 
     availability.
       (2) Limited duration of withholding.--The Secretary 
     concerned may withhold from the public under paragraph (1) 
     information or notice on an officer only on the basis of 
     individual risk or national security, and may continue to 
     withhold such information or notice only for so long as the 
     basis for withholding remains in force.

                Subtitle B--Reserve Component Management

     SEC. 511. GRADE OF CERTAIN CHIEFS OF RESERVE COMPONENTS.

       (a) In General.--
       (1) Chief of army reserve.--Section 7038(b)(1) of title 10, 
     United States Code, is amended by striking ``general officers 
     of the Army Reserve'' and inserting ``officers of the Army 
     Reserve in the grade of lieutenant general and''.
       (2) Chief of navy reserve.--Section 8083(b)(1) of such 
     title is amended by striking ``flag officers of the Navy (as 
     defined in section 8001(1))'' and inserting ``officers of the 
     Navy Reserve in the grade of vice admiral and''.
       (3) Commander, marine forces reserve.--Section 8084(b)(1) 
     of such title is amended by striking ``general officers of 
     the Marine Corps (as defined in section 8001(2))'' and 
     inserting ``officers of the Marine Corps Reserve in the grade 
     of lieutenant general and''.
       (4) Chief of air force reserve.--Section 9038(b)(1) of such 
     title is amended by striking ``general officers of the Air 
     Force Reserve'' and inserting ``officers of the Air Force 
     Reserve in the grade of lieutenant general and''.
       (b) Effective Date.--The amendments made under subsection 
     (a) shall take effect on the date that is one year after the 
     date of the enactment of this Act and shall apply to 
     appointments made after such date.

     SECTION 512. AUTHORITY TO DEFER MANDATORY SEPARATION AT AGE 
                   68 OF OFFICERS IN MEDICAL SPECIALTIES IN THE 
                   RESERVE COMPONENTS.

       Section 14703(b) of title 10, United States Code, is 
     amended--
       (1) by striking ``An'' and inserting ``(1) Subject to 
     paragraph (2), an''; and
       (2) by adding at the end the following new paragraph (2):
       ``(2) The Secretary concerned may, with the consent of the 
     officer, retain in an active status an officer in a medical 
     specialty described in subsection (a) beyond the date 
     described in paragraph (1) of this subsection if the 
     Secretary concerned determines that such retention is 
     necessary to the military department concerned. Each such 
     retention shall be made on a case-by-case basis and for such 
     period as the Secretary concerned determines appropriate.''.

     SEC. 513. REPEAL OF REQUIREMENT FOR REVIEW OF CERTAIN ARMY 
                   RESERVE OFFICER UNIT VACANCY PROMOTIONS BY 
                   COMMANDERS OF ASSOCIATED ACTIVE DUTY UNITS.

       Section 1113 of the Army National Guard Combat Readiness 
     Reform Act of 1992 (Public Law 102-484; 10 U.S.C. 10105 note) 
     is repealed.

     SEC. 514. GUIDANCE FOR USE OF UNMANNED AIRCRAFT SYSTEMS BY 
                   THE NATIONAL GUARD.

       (a) New Guidance.--Not later than 90 days after the date of 
     the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall 
     issue new guidance that treats the use of unmanned aircraft 
     systems by the National Guard for covered activities in a 
     manner no more restrictive than the use of other aircraft for 
     covered activities.
       (b) Covered Activities Defined.--In this section, ``covered 
     activities'' means the following:
       (1) Emergency operations.
       (2) Search and rescue operations.
       (3) Defense support to civil authorities.
       (4) Support under section 502(f) of title 32, United States 
     Code.

     SEC. 515. JUNIOR RESERVE OFFICERS' TRAINING CORPS.

       (a) In General.--Section 2031(b)(3) of title 10, United 
     States Code, is amended by inserting ``and which may include 
     instruction or activities in the fields of science, 
     technology, engineering, and mathematics'' after 
     ``duration''.
       (b) Effective Date.--The amendment made by subsection (a) 
     shall take effect 180 days after the date of the enactment of 
     this Act.

     SEC. 516. JROTC COMPUTER SCIENCE AND CYBERSECURITY PROGRAM.

       Chapter 102 of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
     adding at the end the following new section:

     ``Sec. 2036. Computer science and cybersecurity program

       ``(a) Program Authorized.--The Secretary of Defense may 
     carry out a program to enhance the preparation of students in 
     the Junior Reserve Officers' Training Corps for careers in 
     computer science and cybersecurity.
       ``(b) Coordination.--In carrying out the program, the 
     Secretary shall coordinate with the following:
       ``(1) The Secretaries of the military departments.
       ``(2) The Secretary of Education.
       ``(3) The National Science Foundation.
       ``(4) The heads of such other Federal, State, and local 
     government  entities the Secretary of Defense determines 
     appropriate.
       ``(5) Private sector organizations the Secretary of Defense 
     determines appropriate.
       ``(c) Activities.--Activities under the program may include 
     the following:
       ``(1) Establishment of targeted internships and cooperative 
     research opportunities in computer science and cybersecurity 
     at defense laboratories and other technical centers for 
     students in and instructors of the Junior Reserve Officers' 
     Training Corps.
       ``(2) Funding for training and other supports for 
     instructors to teach evidence-based courses in computer 
     science and cybersecurity to students.
       ``(3) Efforts and activities that improve the quality of 
     cybersecurity and computer science educational, training 
     opportunities, and curricula for students and instructors.
       ``(4) Development of travel opportunities, demonstrations, 
     mentoring programs, and informal computer science and 
     cybersecurity education for students and instructors.
       ``(d) Metrics.--The Secretary shall establish outcome-based 
     metrics and internal and external assessments to evaluate the 
     merits and benefits of activities conducted under the program 
     with respect to the needs of the Department of Defense.
       ``(e) Authorities.--In carrying out the program, the 
     Secretary shall, to the maximum extent practicable, make use 
     of the authorities under section 2193b, chapter 111, and 
     sections 2601, 2605, and 2374a of this title, section 219 of 
     the Duncan Hunter National Defense Authorization Act for 
     Fiscal Year 2009 (Public Law 110-417; 10 U.S.C. 2358 note), 
     and other authorities the Secretary determines appropriate.
       ``(f) Report.--Not later than two years after the date of 
     the enactment of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
     Fiscal Year 2020, the Secretary shall submit to the 
     Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of

[[Page H5375]]

     Representatives a report on activities carried out under the 
     program.''.

     SEC. 517. PROGRAMS OF SCHOLARSHIPS FOR MEMBERS OF JUNIOR 
                   RESERVE OFFICERS' TRAINING CORPS UNITS TOWARD 
                   OBTAINING PRIVATE PILOT'S CERTIFICATES.

       (a) Programs Authorized.--Each Secretary of a military 
     department may carry out a program to award scholarships to 
     qualified members of units of the Junior Reserve Officers' 
     Training Corps under the jurisdiction of such Secretary to 
     assist such members in obtaining a private pilot's 
     certificate through an institution of higher education with 
     an accredited aviation program that is approved by such 
     Secretary pursuant to subsection (c).
       (b) Member Qualifications.--
       (1) In general.--In carrying out a program under subsection 
     (a), the Secretary of a military department shall prescribe 
     the standards to be met by members of units of the Junior 
     Reserve Officers' Training Corps under the jurisdiction of 
     such Secretary to be eligible for the award of a scholarship 
     under the program.
       (2) Uniformity across military departments.--To the extent 
     practicable, the standards prescribed under this subsection 
     shall be uniform across the military departments.
       (c) Approved Institutions of Higher Education.--
       (1) In general.--In carrying out a program under subsection 
     (a), the Secretary of a military department shall maintain a 
     list of institutions of higher education (as that term is 
     defined in section 101 of the Higher Education Act of 1965 
     (20 U.S.C. 1001)) at which a scholarship awarded under the 
     program may be used toward obtaining a private pilot's 
     certificate.
       (2) Qualifications and standards.--Any institution of 
     higher education included on a list under this subsection, 
     and any course of instruction toward obtaining a private 
     pilot's certificate offered by such institution, shall meet 
     such qualifications and standards as the Secretary shall 
     prescribe for purposes of the program. Such qualifications 
     and standards shall include a requirement that any 
     institution included on the list award academic credit at 
     such institution to any member awarded a scholarship under 
     the program for work (whether or not fully completed) on the 
     ground school course of instruction of such institution in 
     connection with obtaining a private pilot's certificate.
       (d) Scholarship.--
       (1) Amount.--The amount of the scholarship awarded a member 
     of a Junior Reserve Officers' Training Corps under a program 
     under subsection (a) shall be such amount as the Secretary of 
     the military department concerned considers appropriate to 
     defray, whether in whole or in part, the charges and fees of 
     a course of instruction toward obtaining a private pilot's 
     certificate offered by the institution of higher education to 
     be attended by the member in obtaining the certificate.
       (2) Use.--A scholarship awarded a member under a program 
     may be used by the member only to defray the charges and fees 
     of an institution of higher education for a course of 
     instruction toward obtaining a private pilot's certificate.
       (3) Maintenance of membership.--A scholarship awarded an 
     individual under a program may be used by the individual only 
     while the individual maintains membership in a unit of a 
     Junior Reserve Officers' Training Corps.
       (e) Annual Reports on Programs.--
       (1) In general.--Not later than February 28, 2021, and each 
     year thereafter, each Secretary of a military department 
     shall submit to Congress a report on the program, if any, 
     carried out by such Secretary during the preceding calendar 
     year.
       (2) Elements.--Each report under paragraph (1) shall 
     include, for the program and year covered by such report, the 
     following:
       (A) The number of scholarships awarded.
       (B) The total amount of scholarships awarded.
       (C) The work undertaken through such scholarships, 
     including the number of recipients who fully completed a 
     ground school course of instruction in connection with 
     obtaining a private pilot's certificate.
       (f) Assessment of Related Pilot Program.--
       (1) In general.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
     the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall 
     submit to Congress a report setting forth the results of an 
     assessment, conducted by the study group described in 
     paragraph (2) for purposes of the report, of the pilot 
     program conducted by the Air Force in 2018 and 2019 known as 
     the ``Air Force JROTC Flight Academy, Chief of Staff Private 
     Pilot Scholarship Program''.
       (2) Study group.--The study group described in this 
     paragraph shall include the following:
       (A) A representative of the Department of Defense, selected 
     by the Secretary of Defense.
       (B) A representative of the headquarters of the Air Force 
     Junior Reserve Officers' Training Corps with experience with 
     the pilot program, selected by the Secretary of the Air 
     Force.
       (C) In addition to the representative under subparagraph 
     (B), a representative of each military department, selected 
     by the Secretary of such military department.
       (D) A representative of the Department of Transportation, 
     selected by the Secretary of Transportation.
       (E) A representative of the Department of Education, 
     selected by the Secretary of Education.
       (F) Representatives of such private organizations and 
     entities as the Secretary of Defense considers appropriate.
       (3) Elements.--The assessment required by paragraph (1) 
     shall identify best practices in assisting members of the 
     Junior Reserve Officers' Training Corps in obtaining a 
     private pilot's certificate through institutions of higher 
     education, including the most appropriate funding mechanisms 
     for such practices.

     SEC. 518. SENSE OF CONGRESS REGARDING JUNIOR RESERVE 
                   OFFICERS' TRAINING CORPS.

       It is the sense of Congress that--
       (1) the Junior Reserve Officers' Training Corps (referred 
     to in this section as ``JROTC'') contributes to an enhanced 
     sense of pride in our Nation and in the members of the Armed 
     Forces who serve;
       (2) JROTC develops a culture dedicated to service of our 
     great land and reinforces duty, honor and courage;
       (3) the Nation has been steadily depending on a smaller and 
     smaller minority of the population to fight its wars and 
     protect its borders;
       (4) this dwindling population risks the long-term security 
     of our Nation and the freedoms it provides;
       (5) JROTC operates in all 50 States and contributes to 
     better grades and graduation rates; and
       (6) JROTC was supported in the John S. McCain National 
     Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2019 (Public Law 
     115-232) and should be increased in fiscal year 2020, 
     including at least 3,700 JROTC units nationwide.

     SEC. 519. SENSE OF CONGRESS REGARDING THE NATIONAL GUARD 
                   YOUTH CHALLENGE PROGRAM.

        It is the sense of Congress that--
       (1) the National Guard Youth Challenge Program provides a 
     vital service to at-risk youth by providing life-changing 
     mentorship, developing self-discipline, and providing 
     education in valuable skills; and
       (2) the Secretary of Defense should use the authority 
     provided under section 509(h)(2) of title 32, United States 
     Code, to allow Department of Defense equipment and facilities 
     to be used by the National Guard to maximize the support of 
     the Department for the Youth Challenge Program.

  Subtitle C--General Service Authorities and Correction of Military 
                                Records

     SEC. 521. ESTABLISHMENT OF BOARD OF APPEALS REGARDING DENIED 
                   REQUESTS FOR UPGRADED DISCHARGES AND 
                   DISMISSALS.

       (a) Establishment.--Chapter 79 of title 10, United States 
     Code, is amended by inserting after section 1553 the 
     following new section 1553a:

     ``Sec. 1553a. Board of Discharge Appeals

       ``(a) Establishment.--(1) The Secretary of Defense shall 
     establish a Board of Discharge Appeals to hear appeals of 
     requests for upgraded discharges and dismissals under section 
     1553 of this title that are denied by the service review 
     agencies.
       ``(2) The Board of Discharge Appeals shall consist of not 
     fewer than three members appointed by the Secretary.
       ``(b) Appeal.--(1) Upon the request of an appellant, the 
     Board of Discharge Appeals shall review the findings and 
     decisions of a service review agency regarding the review of 
     the discharge or dismissal of the appellant.
       ``(2) The Board of Discharge Appeals may direct the 
     Secretary of the military department concerned to change the 
     discharge or dismissal of an appellant, or issue a new 
     discharge for an appellant, to reflect its findings.
       ``(c) Definitions.--In this section:
       ``(1) The term `appellant' means a former member of the 
     armed forces (or if the former member is dead, the surviving 
     spouse, next of kin, or legal representative of the former 
     member) whose request for an upgraded discharge or dismissal 
     was denied by a service review agency.
       ``(2) The term `service review agency' has the meaning 
     given that term in section 1555 of this title.''.
       (b) Technical and Conforming Amendments.--
       (1) Table of sections.--The table of sections at the 
     beginning of such chapter is amended by inserting after the 
     item relating to section 1553 the following new item:

``1553a. Board of Discharge Appeals.''.
       (2) Conforming amendment.--Section 1553(b) of title 10, 
     United States Code, is amended--
       (A) by inserting ``(1)'' before ``A board''; and
       (B) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
       ``(2) If a board of review established by the Secretary of 
     a military department denies a request for an upgraded 
     discharge or dismissal, that denial may be appealed to the 
     Board of Discharge Appeals under section 1553a of this 
     title.''.
       (c) Deadline.--The Secretary of Defense shall establish and 
     implement the Board of Discharge Appeals under such section 
     1553a of title 10, United States Code, as added by subsection 
     (a), not later than September 30, 2020.
       (d) Training.--Each member of the Board of Discharge 
     Appeals established under such section 1553a shall receive 
     training under section 534(c) of the National Defense 
     Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328; 
     10 U.S.C. 1552 note).
       (e) Reporting.--
       (1) Report.--Not later than April 1, 2021, the Secretary of 
     Defense shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services of 
     the Senate and the House of Representatives a report 
     regarding the Board of Discharge Appeals established under 
     such section 1553a. The report shall include, with respect to 
     appeals heard by the Board of Discharge Appeals since 
     implementation, the following:
       (A) The number of appeals heard.
       (B) The number of appeals granted.
       (C) The number of appeals denied, including the reasons for 
     such denials.
       (D) A summary of any differences between reviews under 
     section 1553 of title 10, United

[[Page H5376]]

     States Code, and appeals under section 1553a of such title.
       (2) Online publication.--On October 1 of each year starting 
     in 2022, the Secretary shall publish online the information 
     described in subparagraphs (A), (B), and (C) of paragraph (1) 
     with regards to the preceding fiscal year.

     SEC. 522. PROHIBITION ON REDUCTION IN THE NUMBER OF PERSONNEL 
                   ASSIGNED TO DUTY WITH A SERVICE REVIEW AGENCY.

       (a) Prohibition.--Section 1559(a) of title 10, United 
     States Code, is amended--
       (1) by striking ``December 31, 2019'' and inserting 
     ``December 31, 2025'';
       (2) by striking ``that agency until--'' and inserting 
     ``that agency.''; and
       (3) by striking subsections (1) and (2).
       (b) Report.--
       (1) Report required.--Not later than 180 days after the 
     enactment of this Act, the Secretary of each military 
     department shall submit a report to the Committees on Armed 
     Services of the Senate and House of Representatives that 
     details a plan to--
       (A) reduce the backlog of applications before the service 
     review agency of the military department concerned; and
       (B) maintain the resources required to meet the timeliness 
     standards for disposition of applications before the 
     Corrections Boards under section 1557 of title 10, United 
     States Code, not later than October 1, 2021.
       (2) Elements.--Each report under this subsection shall 
     include the following:
       (A) A description of the current backlog of applications 
     before the service review agency of the military department 
     concerned.
       (B) The number of personnel required to meet the deadline 
     described in paragraph (1)(B).
       (C) The plan of the Secretary concerned to modernize the 
     application and review system of the service review agency of 
     the military department concerned.

     SEC. 523. ADVISORY COMMITTEE ON RECORD AND SERVICE REVIEW 
                   BOARDS.

       (a) Establishment.--Not later than 180 days after the date 
     of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall 
     establish a Department of Defense Advisory Committee to be 
     known as the ``Defense Advisory Committee on Record and 
     Upgrade Review Boards'' (in this section referred to as the 
     ``Advisory Committee'').
       (b) Membership.--
       (1) In general.--The Advisory Committee shall consist of 
     not more than 15 members appointed by the Secretary of 
     Defense, eight of whom shall be civilian practitioners or 
     representatives of organizations that have experience 
     assisting members of the Armed Forces and veterans with cases 
     before service review boards (as that term is defined in 
     section 1555 of title 10, United States Code).
       (2) Members of the armed forces on active duty 
     ineligible.--A member of the Armed Forces serving on active 
     duty may not serve as a member of the Advisory Committee.
       (c) Personnel.--
       (1) Experience required.--At least 35 percent of members of 
     the staff of the Advisory Committee shall have experience 
     described in subsection (b)(1).
       (2) Director; assistant director.--The director and 
     assistant director of the Advisory Committee may not both be 
     members of the Armed Forces serving on active duty.
       (3) Staff.--Not more than 65 percent of the staff of the 
     Advisory Committee may be comprised of members of the Armed 
     Forces serving on active duty.
       (d) Duties.--The Advisory Committee shall advise the 
     Secretary of Defense on the best structure, practices, and 
     procedures to ensure consistency of boards for the correction 
     of military records and service review boards in carrying out 
     their responsibilities under chapter 79 of title 10, United 
     States Code, and in granting relief to claimants under that 
     chapter.
       (e) Annual Report.--Not later than one year after the date 
     of the establishment of the Advisory Committee and annually 
     thereafter for the three subsequent years, the Advisory 
     Committee shall submit to the Secretary of Defense and the 
     congressional defense committees a report containing 
     observations and recommendations regarding issues of board 
     operations and efficacy, including--
       (1) granting relief at adequate rates;
       (2) adhering to the intent of Congress, including regarding 
     liberal consideration;
       (3) standards for evidence, training experience and 
     qualifications of board members;
       (4) efficacy of efforts to ensure consistency across 
     boards;
       (5) case management and record keeping systems, including 
     electronic access to board precedents;
       (6) ease of personal appearances by claimants;
       (7) expert review of medical and psychiatric cases; and
       (8) related potential structural changes or alternative 
     board models.
       (f) Termination.--The Advisory Committee shall terminate on 
     the date that is four years after the date of establishment 
     under subsection (a).
       (g) Authorities.--The Advisory Committee shall have all 
     normal authorities granted to advisory committees, including 
     the ability for staff to request documents from the 
     Department of Defense, hold public hearings, and travel in 
     furtherance of the board mandate. The board shall also be 
     permitted, with assistance from personnel of the Department 
     of Defense, to administer surveys and conduct field 
     experiments to assess the viability of different policy 
     options considered in the course of the activities of the 
     Advisory Committee.

     SEC. 524. TIME REQUIREMENTS FOR CERTIFICATION OF HONORABLE 
                   SERVICE.

       Upon the submission to the Secretary of a military 
     department or a designated commissioned officer serving in 
     the pay grade O-6 or higher by a member of the Armed Forces 
     of a completed United States Citizenship and Immigration 
     Services Form N-426, the Secretary or the Officer shall--
       (1) in the case of a member of the Armed Forces who has 
     served or is serving honorably on active duty, provide 
     certification that the nature of the member's service has 
     been honorable by not later than five days from receiving the 
     form;
       (2) in the case of a member of the Armed Forces who has 
     served or is serving honorably in a Reserve Component of the 
     Armed Forces, provide such certification by not later than 
     three weeks from receiving the form; and
       (3) in the case of a member of the Armed Forces whose 
     service has been other than honorable, provide to the member 
     notice that a certification of honorable service will not be 
     provided and justification for why such certification will 
     not be provided--
       (A) in the case of a member who has served or is serving on 
     active duty, by not later than five days from receiving the 
     form; and
       (B) in the case of a member who has served or is serving in 
     a Reserve Component, by not later than three weeks from 
     receiving the form.

     SEC. 525. PROHIBITION ON IMPLEMENTATION OF MILITARY SERVICE 
                   SUITABILITY DETERMINATIONS FOR FOREIGN 
                   NATIONALS WHO ARE LAWFUL PERMANENT RESIDENTS.

       The Secretary of Defense may not take any action to 
     implement the memorandum titled ``Military Service 
     Suitability Determinations for Foreign Nationals Who Are 
     Lawful Permanent Residents'', issued by the Secretary and 
     dated October 13, 2017, until the Secretary reports to the 
     congressional defense committees the justification for the 
     policy changes required by such memorandum.

     SEC. 526. STRATEGIC PLAN FOR DIVERSITY AND INCLUSION.

       (a) Plan Required.--The Secretary of Defense shall design 
     and implement a five-year strategic plan for diversity and 
     inclusion in the Department of Defense.
       (b) Elements.--The strategic plan under this section--
       (1) shall be based on the strategic plan established under 
     section 2 of Executive Order 13583 (3 Fed. Reg. 13583 (August 
     18, 2011));
       (2) shall incorporate existing efforts to promote diversity 
     and inclusion within the Department; and
       (3) may not conflict with the objectives of the 2018 
     National Military Strategy.
       (c) Deadline.--The Secretary shall implement the strategic 
     plan under this section on January 1, 2020.

     SEC. 527. INDEPENDENT STUDY ON BARRIERS TO ENTRY INTO THE 
                   ARMED FORCES FOR ENGLISH LEARNERS.

       (a) Independent Study.--Not later than 30 days after the 
     date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense 
     shall seek to seek to enter into a contract with a federally 
     funded research and development center under which the center 
     will conduct a study on barriers to entry into the Armed 
     Forces for English learners.
       (b) Elements.--The study under subsection (a) shall--
       (1) identify barriers to entry into the Armed Forces for 
     English learners, including--
       (A) challenges with military recruiters and language 
     proficiency;
       (B) challenges with the assessment of potential recruits, 
     including the construction and delivery of and testing time 
     constraints related to the Armed Services Vocational Aptitude 
     Battery;
       (C) challenges with dissemination of recruiting 
     information; and
       (D) any other challenges that may be identified by the 
     federally funded research and development center in the 
     course of the study;
       (2) the effect of such barriers on--
       (A) the number of interactions recruiters have with English 
     learners;
       (B) the enlistment rate among populations of English 
     learners; and
       (C) any other effects that may be identified by the 
     federally funded research and development center in the 
     course of the study;
       (3) an analysis of existing efforts and programs to remove 
     barriers to entry into the Armed Forces for English learners, 
     including an analysis of the scalability and sustainability 
     of such efforts and programs; and
       (4) additional opportunities to address such barriers, 
     including alternative assessments and Armed Services 
     Vocational Aptitude Battery preparation programs for English 
     learners.
       (c) Submittal to Department of Defense.--Not later than 270 
     days after the date of the enactment of this Act, the 
     federally funded research and development that conducts the 
     study under subsection (a) shall submit to the Secretary of 
     Defense a report on the results of the study.
       (d) Submittal to Congress.--Not later than 30 days after 
     the date on which the Secretary of Defense receives the 
     report under subsection (c), the Secretary shall submit to 
     the congressional defense committees an unaltered copy of the 
     report and any comments of the Secretary with respect to the 
     report.
       (e) English Learner Defined.--In this section, the term 
     ``English learner'' has the meaning given that term in 
     section 8101 of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 
     1965 (20 U.S.C. 7801).

     SEC. 528. REENLISTMENT WAIVERS FOR PERSONS SEPARATED FROM THE 
                   ARMED FORCES WHO COMMIT ONE MISDEMEANOR 
                   CANNABIS OFFENSE.

       (a) In General.--Not later than 90 days after the date of 
     the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall 
     prescribe regulations that permit any Secretary of a military 
     department to grant a reenlistment waiver to a covered person 
     if the Secretary determines that the reenlistment of that 
     covered person is vital to the national interest.

[[Page H5377]]

       (b) Definitions.--In this section:
       (1) The term ``covered person'' means an individual--
       (A) who has separated from the Armed Forces; and
       (B) who has admitted to or been convicted by a court of 
     competent jurisdiction of a single violation--
       (i) of any law of a State or the United States relating to 
     the use or possession of cannabis;
       (ii) that constitutes a misdemeanor; and
       (iii) that occurred while that individual was not on active 
     service in the Armed Forces.
       (2) The terms ``active service'' and ``military 
     department'' have the meanings given such terms in section 
     101 of title 10, United States Code.

     SEC. 529. SENSE OF CONGRESS REGARDING ACCESSION PHYSICALS.

       (a) Findings.--Congress finds the following:
       (1) United States Military Entrance Processing Command 
     (``USMEPCOM'') operates 65 Military Entrance Processing 
     Stations (``MEPS'') dispersed throughout the 50 States and 
     Puerto Rico.
       (2) Applicants for accession into the Armed Forces must 
     travel to the closest MEPS to receive physical examinations, 
     are often driven by a military recruiter, and receive lodging 
     at a nearby hotel, paid for by the Armed Force represented by 
     that recruiter.
       (3) In 2015, USMEPCOM reported that 473,000 applicants from 
     the military and other agencies processed through the 65 
     MEPS, for a total of 931,000 MEPS visits.
       (4) Section 1703 of title 38, United States Code, 
     authorizes the Secretary of Veterans Affairs to enter into 
     contracts with private health care providers for physical 
     examinations.
       (b) Sense of Congress.--It is the sense of Congress that 
     the Secretary of Defense should explore alternatives to 
     centralized accession physicals at MEPS, including conducting 
     physicals through community health care providers, in order 
     to reduce transportation costs, increase efficiency in 
     processing times, and free recruiters to focus on the core of 
     the recruiting mission.

                      Subtitle D--Military Justice

     SEC. 531. COMMAND INFLUENCE.

       (a) In General.--Section 837 of title 10, United States 
     Code (article 37 of the Uniform Code of Military Justice), is 
     amended--
       (1) by striking ``Unlawfully influencing action of court'' 
     and inserting ``Command influence'';
       (2) by amending subsection (a) to read as follows:
       ``(a)(1) No court-martial convening authority, nor any 
     other commanding officer, may censure, reprimand, or admonish 
     the court or any member, military judge, or counsel thereof, 
     with respect to the findings or sentence adjudged by the 
     court, or with respect to any other exercise of its or his 
     functions in the conduct of the proceeding.
       ``(2) No court-martial convening authority, nor any other 
     commanding officer, may deter or attempt to deter a potential 
     witness from participating in the investigatory process or 
     testifying at a court-martial. The denial of a request to 
     travel at government expense or refusal to make a witness 
     available shall not by itself constitute unlawful command 
     influence.
       ``(3) No person subject to this chapter may attempt to 
     coerce or, by any unauthorized means, attempt to influence 
     the action of a court-martial or any other military tribunal 
     or any member thereof, in reaching the findings or sentence 
     in any case, or the action of any convening, approving, or 
     reviewing authority or preliminary hearing officer with 
     respect to such acts taken pursuant to this chapter as 
     prescribed by the President.
       ``(4) Paragraphs (1) through (3) shall not apply with 
     respect to--
       ``(A) general instructional or informational courses in 
     military justice if such courses are designed solely for the 
     purpose of instructing members of a command in the 
     substantive and procedural aspects of courts-martial;
       ``(B) statements regarding criminal activity or a 
     particular criminal offense that do not advocate a particular 
     disposition, or a particular court-martial finding, or 
     sentence; or
       ``(C) statements and instructions given in open court by 
     the military judge or counsel.
       ``(5)(A) Notwithstanding paragraphs (1) through (3), but 
     subject to subparagraph (B)--
       ``(i) a superior convening authority or officer may 
     generally discuss matters to consider regarding the 
     disposition of alleged violations of this chapter with a 
     subordinate convening authority or officer; and
       ``(ii) a subordinate convening authority or officer may 
     seek advice from a superior convening authority or officer 
     regarding the disposition of an alleged offense under this 
     chapter.
       ``(B) No superior convening authority or officer may direct 
     a subordinate convening authority or officer to make a 
     particular disposition in a specific case or otherwise 
     substitute the discretion of such authority or such officer 
     for that of the subordinate convening authority or 
     officer.'';
       (3) in subsection (b)--
       (A) by striking ``advanced, in grade'' and inserting 
     ``advanced in grade''; and
       (B) by striking ``accused before a court-martial'' and 
     inserting ``person in a court-martial proceeding''; and
       (4) by adding at the end the following new subsections:
       ``(c) No finding or sentence of a court-martial may be held 
     incorrect on the ground of a violation of this section unless 
     the violation materially prejudices the substantial rights of 
     the accused.
       ``(d)(1) A superior convening authority or commanding 
     officer may withhold the authority of a subordinate convening 
     authority or officer to dispose of offenses in individual 
     cases, types of cases, or generally.
       ``(2) Except as provided in paragraph (1) or as otherwise 
     authorized by this chapter, a superior convening authority or 
     commanding officer may not limit the discretion of a 
     subordinate convening authority or officer to act with 
     respect to a case for which the subordinate convening 
     authority or officer has authority to dispose of the 
     offenses.''.
       (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the 
     beginning subchapter VII of chapter 47 of title 10, United 
     States Code (the Uniform Code of Military Justice), is 
     amended by striking the item relating to section 837 (article 
     37) and inserting the following new item:

``837. Art. 37. Command influence.''.
       (c) Effective Date.--The amendments made by subsections (a) 
     and (b) shall take effect on the date of the enactment of 
     this Act and shall apply with respect to violations of 
     section 837 of title 10, United States Code (article 37 of 
     the Uniform Code of Military Justice), committed on or after 
     such date.

     SEC. 532. STATUTE OF LIMITATIONS FOR CERTAIN OFFENSES.

       (a) In General.--Section 843 of title 10, United States 
     Code (article 43 of the Uniform Code of Military Justice), is 
     amended--
       (1) in subsection (a), by inserting ``maiming of a child, 
     kidnapping of a child,'' after ``sexual assault of a 
     child,''; and
       (2) in subsection (b)(2)(B)--
       (A) by striking clauses (ii) and (iv); and
       (B) by redesignating clause (iii) as clause (ii).
       (b) Effective Date.--The amendments made by subsection (a) 
     shall take effect on the date of the enactment of this Act 
     and shall apply with respect to the prosecution of offenses 
     committed before, on, or after the date of the enactment of 
     this Act if the applicable limitation period has not yet 
     expired.

     SEC. 533. GUIDELINES ON SENTENCES FOR OFFENSES COMMITTED 
                   UNDER THE UNIFORM CODE OF MILITARY JUSTICE.

       (a) Guidelines Required.--Not later than the date specified 
     in subsection (c), the Secretary of Defense shall establish 
     nonbinding guidelines on sentences for offenses under chapter 
     47 of title 10, United States Code (the Uniform Code of 
     Military Justice). The guidelines shall provide the 
     sentencing authority with a suggested range of punishments, 
     including suggested ranges of confinement, that will 
     generally be appropriate for a violation of each offense 
     under such chapter.
       (b) Sentencing Data.--In developing the guidelines for 
     sentences under subsection (a), the Secretary of Defense 
     shall take into account the sentencing data collected by the 
     Military Justice Review Panel pursuant to section 946(f)(2) 
     of title 10, United States Code (article 146(f)(2) of the 
     Uniform Code of Military Justice).
       (c) Date Specified.--The date specified in this subsection 
     is the date that is not later than one year after the date on 
     the which the first report of the Military Justice Review 
     Panel is submitted to the Committees on Armed Services of the 
     Senate and the House of Representatives pursuant to section 
     946(f)(5) of title 10, United States Code (article 146(f)(5) 
     of the Uniform Code of Military Justice).

     SEC. 534. EXPANSION OF RESPONSIBILITIES OF COMMANDERS FOR 
                   VICTIMS OF SEXUAL ASSAULT COMMITTED BY ANOTHER 
                   MEMBER OF THE ARMED FORCES.

       (a) Notification of Victims of Events in Military Justice 
     Process.--
       (1) Notification required.--The commander of a member of 
     the Armed Forces who is the alleged victim of sexual assault 
     committed by another member of the Armed Forces shall provide 
     notification to such alleged victim of every key or other 
     significant event in the military justice process in 
     connection with the investigation, prosecution, and 
     confinement of such other member for sexual assault.
       (2) Documentation.--Each commander described in paragraph 
     (1) shall create and maintain appropriate documentation on 
     any notification provided as described in that paragraph.
       (b) Documetation of Victim's Preference on Jurisdiction in 
     Prosecution.--In the case of a member of the Armed Forces who 
     is the alleged victim of sexual assault committed by another 
     member of the Armed Forces who is subject to prosecution for 
     such offense both by court-martial under chapter 47 of title 
     10, United States Code (the Uniform Code of Military 
     Justice), and by a civilian court under State law, the 
     commander of such alleged victim shall create and maintain 
     appropriate documentation of the expressed preference, if 
     any, of such alleged victim for prosecution of such offense 
     by court-martial or by a civilian court as provided for by 
     Rule 306(e) of the Rules for Court-Martial.
       (c) Regulations.--The Secretary of Defense shall prescribe 
     in regulations the requirements applicable to each of the 
     following:
       (1) Notifications under subsection (a)(1).
       (2) Documentation under subsection (a)(2).
       (3) Documentation under subsection (b).

     SEC. 535. INCREASE IN INVESTIGATIVE PERSONNEL AND VICTIM 
                   WITNESS ASSISTANCE PROGRAM LIAISONS.

       (a) Military Criminal Investigative Services.--
       (1) Minimum staffing level.--Not later than one year after 
     the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of each 
     military department shall ensure that the number of personnel 
     assigned to the military criminal investigative services of 
     the department is sufficient to ensure, to the extent 
     practicable, that the investigation of any sex-related 
     offense is completed not later than six months after the date 
     on which the investigation is initiated.

[[Page H5378]]

       (2) Status reports required.--Not later than one year after 
     the date of the enactment of this Act, Secretary of each 
     military department shall issue guidance requiring that any 
     criminal investigator of the department who is assigned to 
     investigate a sex-related offense submits a status report to 
     the direct supervisor of such investigator in the event that 
     the investigation of such offense exceeds 90 days in 
     duration. Each status report shall include--
       (A) a detailed explanation of the status of the 
     investigation;
       (B) identification of any information that has not yet been 
     obtained but is necessary to complete the investigation; and
       (C) identification of any barriers preventing the 
     investigator from accessing such information.
       (b)  Victim Witness Assistance Program Liaisons.--Not later 
     than one year after the date of the enactment of this Act, 
     the Secretary of each military department shall increase the 
     number of personnel serving as Victim Witness Assistance 
     Program liaisons to address personnel shortages in the Victim 
     Witness Assistance Program.

     SEC. 536. INCREASE IN NUMBER OF DIGITAL FORENSIC EXAMINERS 
                   FOR THE MILITARY CRIMINAL INVESTIGATION 
                   ORGANIZATIONS.

       (a) In General.--Each Secretary of a military department 
     shall take appropriate actions to increase the number of 
     digital forensic examiners in each military criminal 
     investigation organization (MCIO) under the jurisdiction of 
     such Secretary by not fewer than 10 from the authorized 
     number of such examiners for such organization as of 
     September 30, 2019.
       (b) Military Criminal Investigation Organizations.--For 
     purposes of this section, the military criminal investigation 
     organizations are the following:
       (1) The Army Criminal Investigation Command.
       (2) The Naval Criminal Investigative Service.
       (3) The Air Force Office of Special Investigations.
       (4) The Marine Corps. Criminal Investigation Division.
       (c) Funding.--Funds for additional digital forensic 
     examiners as required by subsection (a) for fiscal year 2020, 
     including for compensation, initial training, and equipment, 
     shall be derived from amounts authorized to be appropriated 
     for that fiscal year for the Armed Force concerned for 
     operation and maintenance.

     SEC. 537. PILOT PROGRAMS ON DEFENSE INVESTIGATORS IN THE 
                   MILITARY JUSTICE SYSTEM.

       (a) In General.--Each Secretary of a military department 
     shall carry out a pilot program on defense investigators 
     within the military justice system under the jurisdiction of 
     such Secretary in order to do the following:
       (1) Determine whether the presence of defense investigators 
     within such military justice system will--
       (A) make such military justice system more effective in 
     providing an effective defense for the accused; and
       (B) make such military justice system more fair and 
     efficient.
       (2) Otherwise assess the feasibility and advisability of 
     defense investigators as an element of such military justice 
     system.
       (b) Elements.--
       (1) Interview of victim.--A defense investigator may 
     question a victim under a pilot program only upon a request 
     made through the Special Victims' Counsel or other counsel if 
     the victim does not have such counsel.
       (2) Uniformity across military justice systems.--The 
     Secretary of Defense shall ensure that the personnel and 
     activities of defense investigators under the pilot programs 
     are, to the extent practicable, uniform across the military 
     justice systems of the military departments.
       (c) Report.--
       (1) In general.--Not later than three years after the date 
     of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall, 
     in consultation with the Secretaries of the military 
     departments, submit to the Committees on Armed Services of 
     the Senate and the House of Representatives a report on the 
     pilot programs under subsection (a).
       (2) Elements.--The report required by paragraph (1) shall 
     include the following:
       (A) A description of each pilot program, including the 
     personnel and activities of defense investigators under such 
     pilot program.
       (B) An assessment of the feasibility and advisability of 
     establishing and maintaining defense investigators as an 
     element of the military justice systems of the military 
     departments.
       (C) If the assessment under subparagraph (B) is that the 
     establishment and maintenance of defense investigators as an 
     element of the military justice systems of the military 
     departments is feasible and advisable, such recommendations 
     for legislative and administrative action as the Secretary of 
     Defense considers appropriate to establish and maintain 
     defense investigators as an element of the military justice 
     systems.
       (D) Any other matters the Secretary of Defense considers 
     appropriate.

     SEC. 538. PILOT PROGRAM ON PROSECUTION OF SPECIAL VICTIM 
                   OFFENSES COMMITTED BY ATTENDEES OF MILITARY 
                   SERVICE ACADEMIES.

       (a) Pilot Program.--Beginning not later than January 1, 
     2020, the Secretary of Defense shall carry out a pilot 
     program (referred to in this section as the ``Pilot 
     Program'') under which the Secretary shall establish, in 
     accordance with this section, an independent authority to--
       (1) review each covered special victim offense; and
       (2) determine whether such offense shall be referred to 
     trial by an appropriate court-martial convening authority.
       (b) Office of the Chief Prosecutor.--
       (1) Establishment.--As part of the Pilot Program, the 
     Secretary shall establish, within the Office of the Secretary 
     of Defense, an Office of the Chief Prosecutor.
       (2) Head of office.--The head of the Office shall be known 
     as the Chief Prosecutor. The Secretary shall appoint as the 
     Chief Prosecutor a commissioned officer in the grade of O-7 
     or above who--
       (A) has significant experience prosecuting sexual assault 
     trials by court-martial; and
       (B) is outside the chain of command of any cadet or 
     midshipman described in subsection (f)(2).
       (3) Responsibilities.--The Chief Prosecutor shall exercise 
     the authorities described in subsection (c) but only with 
     respect to covered special victim offenses.
       (4) Special rule.--Notwithstanding any other provision of 
     law, the military service from which the Chief Prosecutor is 
     appointed is authorized an additional billet for a general 
     officer or a flag officer for each year in the two year 
     period beginning with the year in which the appointment is 
     made.
       (5) Termination.--The Office of the Chief Prosecutor shall 
     terminate on the date on which the Pilot Program terminates 
     under subsection (e).
       (c) Referral to Office of the Chief Prosecutor.--
       (1) Investigation phase.--
       (A) Notice and information.--A military criminal 
     investigative organization that receives an allegation of a 
     covered special victim offense shall provide to the Chief 
     Prosecutor and the commander of the military service academy 
     concerned--
       (i) timely notice of such allegation; and
       (ii) any information and evidence obtained as the result a 
     subsequent investigation into the allegation.
       (B) Trial counsel.--A trial counsel assigned to a case 
     involving a covered special victim offense shall, during the 
     investigative phase of such case, provide the Chief 
     Prosecutor with the information necessary to enable the Chief 
     Prosecutor to make the determination required under paragraph 
     (3).
       (2) Referral to chief prosecutor.--In the case of a charge 
     relating to a covered special victim offense, in addition to 
     referring the charge to the staff judge advocate under 
     subsection (a) or (b) of section 834 of title 10, United 
     States Code (article 34 of the Uniform Code of Military 
     Justice), the convening authority of the Armed Force of which 
     the accused is a member shall refer, as soon as reasonably 
     practicable, the charge to the Chief Prosecutor to make the 
     determination required by paragraph (3).
       (3) Prosecutorial determination.--The Chief Prosecutor 
     shall make a determination regarding whether a charge 
     relating to a covered special victim offense shall be 
     referred to trial. If the Chief Prosecutor makes a 
     determination that the charge shall be tried by court-
     martial, the Chief Prosecutor also shall determine whether 
     the charge shall be tried by a general court-martial convened 
     under section 822 of title 10, United States Code (article 22 
     of the Uniform Code of Military Justice) or a special court-
     martial convened under section 823 of such title (article 23 
     of the Uniform Code of Military Justice). The determination 
     of whether to try a charge relating to a covered special 
     victim offense by court-martial shall include a determination 
     of whether to try any known offenses, including any lesser 
     included offenses.
       (4) Effect of determination and appeals process.--
       (A) Determination to proceed to trial.--Subject to 
     subparagraph (C) determination to try a charge relating to a 
     covered special victim offense by court-martial under 
     paragraph (3), and the determination as to the type of court-
     martial, shall be binding on any convening authority under 
     chapter 47 of title 10, United States Code (the Uniform Code 
     of Military Justice) for a trial by court-martial on the 
     charge.
       (B) Determination not to proceed to trial.--Subject to 
     subparagraph (C) determination under paragraph (3) not to 
     proceed to trial on a charge relating to a covered special 
     victim offense by general or special court-martial shall be 
     binding on any convening authority under chapter 47 of title 
     10, United States Code (the Uniform Code of Military Justice) 
     except that such determination shall not operate to terminate 
     or otherwise alter the authority of the convening authority--
       (i) to proceed to trial by court-martial on charges of 
     collateral misconducted related to the special victim 
     offense; or
       (ii) to impose non-judicial punishment in connection with 
     the conduct covered by the charge as authorized by section 
     815 of such title (article 15 of the Uniform Code of Military 
     Justice).
       (C) Appeal.--In a case in which a convening authority and 
     the staff judge advocate advising such authority disagree 
     with the determination of the Chief Prosecutor under 
     paragraph (3), the convening authority and staff judge 
     advocate may jointly appeal the determination to the General 
     Counsel of the Department of Defense. The determination of 
     the General Counsel with respect to such appeal shall be 
     binding on the Chief Prosecutor and the convening authority 
     concerned.
       (5) Trial by randomized jury.--After the Chief Prosecutor 
     makes a determination under paragraph (3) to proceed to trial 
     on a charge relating to a covered special victim offense, the 
     matter shall be tried by a court-martial convened within the 
     Armed Force of which the accused is a member in accordance 
     with the applicable provisions of chapter 47 of title 10, 
     United States Code (the Uniform Code of Military Justice) 
     except that, when convening a court-martial that is a general 
     or special court-martial involving a covered special victim 
     offense in which the accused elects a jury trial, the 
     convening authority shall detail members of the Armed

[[Page H5379]]

     Forces as members thereof at random unless the obtainability 
     of members of the Armed Forces for such court-martial 
     prevents the convening authority from detailing such members 
     at random.
       (6) Unlawful influence or coercion.--The actions of the 
     Chief Prosecutor under this subsection whether or not to try 
     charges by court-martial shall be free of unlawful or 
     unauthorized influence or coercion.
       (d) Effect on Other Law.--This section shall supersede any 
     provision of chapter 47 of title 10, United States Code (the 
     Uniform Code of Military Justice), that is inconsistent with 
     this section, but only to the extent of the inconsistency.
       (e) Termination and Transition.--
       (1) Termination.--The authority of the Secretary to carry 
     out the Pilot Program shall terminate four years after the 
     date on which the Pilot Program is initiated.
       (2) Transition.--The Secretary shall take such actions as 
     are necessary to ensure that, on the date on which the Pilot 
     Program terminates under paragraph (1), any matter referred 
     to the Chief Prosecutor under subsection (c)(2), but with 
     respect to which the Chief Prosecutor has not made a 
     determination under subsection (c)(3), shall be transferred 
     to the appropriate convening authority for consideration.
       (f) Definitions.--In this section:
       (1) The term ``Armed Force'' has the meaning given that 
     term in section 101(a)(4) of title 10, United States Code.
       (2) The term ``covered special victim offense'' means a 
     special victim offense--
       (A) alleged to have been committed on or after the date of 
     the enactment of this Act by a cadet of the United States 
     Military Academy or the United States Air Force Academy, 
     without regard to the location at which the offense was 
     committed; or
       (B) alleged to have been committed on or after the date of 
     the enactment of this Act by a midshipman of the United 
     States Naval Academy, without regard to the location at which 
     the offense was committed.
       (3) The term ``Secretary'' means the Secretary of Defense.
       (4) The term ``special victim offense'' means any of the 
     following:
       (A) An offense under section 917a, 920, 920b, 920c, or 930 
     of title 10, United States Code (article 117a, 120, 120b, 
     120c, or 130 of the Uniform Code of Military Justice).
       (B) A conspiracy to commit an offense specified in 
     subparagraph (A) as punishable under section 881 of such 
     title (article 81 of the Uniform Code of Military Justice).
       (C) A solicitation to commit an offense specified in 
     subparagraph (A) as punishable under section 882 of such 
     title (article 82 of the Uniform Code of Military Justice).
       (D) An attempt to commit an offense specified in 
     subparagraph (A) as punishable under section 880 of such 
     title (article 80 of the Uniform Code of Military Justice).

     SEC. 539. TIMELY DISPOSITION OF NONPROSECUTABLE SEX-RELATED 
                   OFFENSES.

       (a) Policy Required.--Not later than 180 days after the 
     date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense 
     shall develop and implement a policy to ensure the timely 
     disposition of nonprosecutable sex-related offenses in 
     accordance with subsection (b).
       (b) Elements.--The policy developed under subsection (a) 
     shall require the following:
       (1) Not later than seven days after the date on which a 
     court-martial convening authority declines to refer a 
     nonprosecutable sex-related offense for trial by general or 
     special court-martial under chapter 47 of title 10, United 
     States Code (the Uniform Code of Military Justice), the 
     convening authority will forward the investigation to the 
     commander of the accused.
       (2) Not later than 90 days after the date on which the 
     commander of the accused receives the investigation under 
     paragraph (1)--
       (A) the commander will determine whether or not to take 
     other judicial, nonjudicial, or administrative action in 
     connection with the conduct covered by the investigation, 
     including any lesser included offenses, as authorized under 
     section 815 of title 10, United States Code (article 15 of 
     the Uniform Code of Military Justice); and
       (B) in a case in which the commander of the accused decides 
     to take additional action under subparagraph (A), the 
     commander take such actions as appropriate.
       (c) Nonprosecutable Sex-related Offense Defined.--In this 
     section, the term ``nonprosecutable sex-related offense'' 
     means an alleged sex-related offense (as that term is defined 
     in section 1044e(g) of title 10, United States Code) that a 
     court-martial convening authority has declined to refer for 
     trial by a general or special court-martial under chapter 47 
     of title 10, United States Code (the Uniform Code of Military 
     Justice) due to a determination that there is insufficient 
     evidence to support prosecution of the sex-related offense.

     SEC. 540. TRAINING FOR SEXUAL ASSAULT INITIAL DISPOSITION 
                   AUTHORITIES ON EXERCISE OF DISPOSITION 
                   AUTHORITY FOR SEXUAL ASSAULT AND COLLATERAL 
                   OFFENSES.

       (a) In General.--The training for sexual assault initial 
     Disposition authorities on the exercise of disposition 
     authority under chapter 47 of title 10, United States Code 
     (the Uniform Code of Military Justice), with respect to cases 
     for which disposition authority is withheld to such 
     authorities by the April 20, 2012, memorandum of the 
     Secretary of Defense, or any successor memorandum, shall 
     include comprehensive training on the exercise by such 
     authorities of such authority with respect to such cases in 
     order to enhance the capabilities of such Authorities in the 
     exercise of such authority and thereby promote confidence and 
     trust in the military justice process with respect to such 
     cases.
       (b) Memorandum of Secretary of Defense.--The April 20, 
     2012, memorandum of the Secretary of Defense referred to in 
     subsection (a) is the memorandum of the Secretary of Defense 
     entitled ``Withholding Initial Disposition Authority Under 
     the Uniform Code of Military Justice in Certain Sexual 
     Assault Cases'' and dated April 20, 2012.

                    Subtitle E--Other Legal Matters

     SEC. 541. STANDARD OF EVIDENCE APPLICABLE TO INVESTIGATIONS 
                   AND REVIEWS RELATED TO PROTECTED COMMUNICATIONS 
                   OF MEMBERS OF THE ARMED FORCES AND PROHIBITED 
                   RETALIATORY ACTIONS.

       (a) Standard of Evidence.--Section 1034 of title 10, United 
     States Code, is amended--
       (1) in subsection (b)(1)(B)(ii), by striking ``as defined 
     in subsection (i)'' and inserting ``as defined in subsection 
     (k)'';
       (2) by redesignating subsections (i) and (j) as subsections 
     (j) and (k), respectively; and
       (3) by inserting after subsection (h) the following new 
     subsection (i):
       ``(i) Standard of Evidence.--A finding or other 
     determination made under any of subsections (c), (d), (g), or 
     (h) may be based on the standards of evidence specified in 
     section 1221(e) of title 5.''.
       (b) Applicability.--The amendments made by subsection (a) 
     shall not apply to members of the Coast Guard.
       (c) Effective Date.--The amendments made by subsection (a) 
     shall take effect on the date that is 30 days after the date 
     of the enactment of this Act, and shall apply with respect to 
     allegations pending or submitted under section 1034 of title 
     10, United States Code, on or after that date.

     SEC. 542. EXPANSION OF SPECIAL VICTIMS' COUNSEL FOR VICTIMS 
                   OF SEX-RELATED OR DOMESTIC VIOLENCE OFFENSES.

       (a) In General.--Section 1044e of title 10, United States 
     Code, is amended--
       (1) in the section heading, by striking ``sex-related'' and 
     inserting ``sex-related or domestic violence'';
       (2) by striking ``alleged sex-related offense'' each place 
     it appears and inserting ``alleged sex-related offense or 
     alleged domestic violence offense'';
       (3) in subsection (a)--
       (A) in paragraph (1), by striking ``an individual described 
     in paragraph (2)'' and inserting ``an individual described in 
     paragraph (3)'';
       (B) by redesignating paragraph (2) as paragraph (3); and
       (C) by inserting after paragraph (1) the following new 
     paragraph (2):
       ``(2) The Secretary concerned shall designate paralegals 
     (to be known as `Special Victims' Counsel Paralegals') for 
     the purpose of providing paralegal assistance to Special 
     Victims' Counsel.'';
       (4) in subsection (b)(2), by inserting ``or the Family 
     Advocacy Program'' after ``Victim Witness Assistance 
     Program'';
       (5) in subsection (d)(2)--
       (A) in subparagraph (A)--
       (i) by striking ``Special Victims' Counsel'' and inserting 
     ``Special Victims' Counsel and a Special Victims' Counsel 
     Paralegal''; and
       (ii) by striking ``and'' at the end;
       (B) in subparagraph (B), by striking ``Special Victims' 
     Counsel.'' and inserting ``and a Special Victims' Counsel 
     Paralegal; and''; and
       (C) by adding at the end the following new subparagraph:
       ``(C) ensure that a Special Victims' Counsel receives the 
     training necessary to meet the needs of a victim of an 
     alleged sex-related offense or an alleged domestic violence 
     offense.'';
       (6) in subsection (f)(1), by inserting ``a representative 
     of the Family Advocacy Program,'' after ``Sexual Assault 
     Victim Advocate,'';
       (7) by amending subsection (g) to read as follows:
       ``(g) Definitions.--In this section:
       ``(1) The term `alleged sex-related offense' means any 
     allegation of--
       ``(A) a violation of section 920, 920b, 920c, or 930 of 
     this title (article 120, 120b, 120c, or 130 of the Uniform 
     Code of Military Justice); or
       ``(B) an attempt to commit an offense specified in a 
     subparagraph (A) as punishable under section 880 of this 
     title (article 80 of the Uniform Code of Military Justice).
       ``(2) The term `alleged domestic violence offense' means 
     any allegation of--
       ``(A) a violation of section 928b of this title (article 
     128b of the Uniform Code of Military Justice); or
       ``(B) an attempt to commit such an offense as punishable 
     under section 880 of this title (article 80 of the Uniform 
     Code of Military Justice).''; and
       (8) by adding at the end the following new subsections:
       ``(i) Minimum Staffing Level.--Not later than two years 
     after the date of enactment of this subsection, the 
     Secretaries concerned shall ensure that the number Special 
     Victims' Counsel serving in each military department is 
     sufficient to ensure that the average caseload of a Special 
     Victims' Counsel does not exceed 25 cases at any given time.
       ``(j) Report Required.--Not later than December 1, 2022, 
     the Secretary of Defense, in consultation with the 
     Secretaries concerned, shall submit to the Committees on 
     Armed Services of the Senate and the House of Representatives 
     a report that includes--
       ``(1) an analysis of the caseloads of Special Victims' 
     Counsel and Special Victims' Counsel Paralegals, 
     respectively;
       ``(2) an assessment of the ability of the military 
     departments to fill additional authorized billets for the 
     Special Victims' Counsel program to meet mission 
     requirements; and
       ``(3) a description of how the training requirements for 
     the Special Victims' Counsel program have been expanded to 
     meet the needs of victims of alleged domestic violence 
     offenses.''.

[[Page H5380]]

       (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the 
     beginning of chapter 53 of title 10, United States Code, is 
     amended by striking the item relating to section 1044e and 
     inserting the following new item:

``1044e. Special Victims' Counsel for victims of sex-related or 
              domestic violence offenses.''.

     SEC. 543. NOTIFICATION OF ISSUANCE OF MILITARY PROTECTIVE 
                   ORDER TO CIVILIAN LAW ENFORCEMENT.

       (a) Notification of Issuance.--Section 1567a of title 10, 
     United States Code, is amended--
       (1) in subsection (a), by striking ``and any individual 
     involved in the order does not reside on a military 
     installation at any time during the duration of the military 
     protective order, the commander of the military installation 
     shall notify'' and inserting ``, the commander of the unit to 
     which the member is assigned shall, not later than seven days 
     after the date of the issuance of the order, notify'';
       (2) by redesignating subsection (b) as subsection (c);
       (3) by inserting after subsection (a) the following new 
     subsection (b);
       ``(b) Notification in Event of Transfer.--In the event that 
     a member of the armed forces against whom a military 
     protective order is issued is transferred to another unit--
       ``(1) not later than the date of the transfer, the 
     commander of the unit from which the member is transferred 
     shall notify the commander of the unit to which the member is 
     transferred of--
       ``(A) the issuance of the protective order; and
       ``(B) the individuals involved in the order; and
       ``(2) not later than seven days after receiving the notice 
     under paragraph (1), the commander of the unit to which the 
     member is transferred shall provide notice of the order to 
     the appropriate civilian authorities in accordance with 
     subsection (a).''; and
       (4) in subsection (c), as so redesignated, by striking 
     ``commander of the military installation'' and inserting 
     ``commander of the unit to which the member is assigned''.
       (b) Annual Report Required.--Not later than March 1, 2020, 
     and each year thereafter through 2024, the Secretary of 
     Defense shall submit to the congressional defense committees 
     a report that identifies--
       (1) the number of military protective orders issued in the 
     calendar year preceding the year in which the report is 
     submitted; and
       (2) the number of such orders that were reported to 
     appropriate civilian authorities in accordance with section 
     1567a(a) of title 10, United States Code, in such preceding 
     year.

     SEC. 544. CLARIFICATIONS REGARDING SCOPE OF EMPLOYMENT AND 
                   REEMPLOYMENT RIGHTS OF MEMBERS OF THE UNIFORMED 
                   SERVICES.

       (a) Clarification Regarding Definition of Rights and 
     Benefits.--Section 4303(2) of title 38, United States Code, 
     is amended--
       (1) by inserting ``(A)'' before ``The term''; and
       (2) by adding at the end the following new subparagraph:
       ``(B) Any procedural protections or provisions set forth in 
     this chapter shall also be considered a right or benefit 
     subject to the protection of this chapter.''.
       (b) Clarification Regarding Relation to Other Law and Plans 
     for Agreements.--Section 4302 of such title is amended by 
     adding at the end the following:
       ``(c)(1) Pursuant to this section and the procedural rights 
     afforded by subchapter III of this chapter, any agreement to 
     arbitrate a claim under this chapter is unenforceable, unless 
     all parties consent to arbitration after a complaint on the 
     specific claim has been filed in court or with the Merit 
     Systems Protection Board and all parties knowingly and 
     voluntarily consent to have that particular claim subjected 
     to arbitration.
       ``(2) For purposes of this subsection, consent shall not be 
     considered voluntary when a person is required to agree to 
     arbitrate an action, complaint, or claim alleging a violation 
     of this chapter as a condition of future or continued 
     employment, advancement in employment, or receipt of any 
     right or benefit of employment.''.

     SEC. 545. MILITARY ORDERS REQUIRED FOR TERMINATION OF LEASES 
                   PURSUANT TO THE SERVICEMEMBERS CIVIL RELIEF 
                   ACT.

       Section 305(i) of the Servicemembers Civil Relief Act (50 
     U.S.C. 3955) is amended--
       (1) in paragraph (1), by inserting ``(including orders for 
     separation or retirement)'' after ``official military 
     orders''; and
       (2) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
       ``(3) Permanent change of station.--The term `permanent 
     change of station' includes separation or retirement from 
     military service.''.

     SEC. 546. CONSULTATION REGARDING VICTIM'S PREFERENCE IN 
                   PROSECUTION JURISDICTION.

       Section 534(b) of the Carl Levin and Howard P. ``Buck'' 
     McKeon National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 
     2015 (Public Law 113-291; 10 U.S.C. 1044e note) is amended 
     by--
       (1) redesignating paragraphs (2) through (4) as paragraphs 
     (3) through (5), respectively; and
       (2) by inserting after paragraph (1) the following new 
     paragraph (2):
       ``(2) Record of consultation and victim preference.--The 
     Secretary of Defense, acting through the Under Secretary of 
     Defense for Personnel and Readiness, shall issue guidance to 
     ensure that the consultation under paragraph (1) is provided 
     to each victim of an alleged sex-related offense described in 
     such paragraph. Such guidance shall require that the 
     following information about each consultation is recorded and 
     preserved in written or electronic format:
       ``(A) The time and date of the consultation.
       ``(B) The name of the individual who consulted with the 
     victim.
       ``(C) The result of the consultation, including--
       ``(i) whether the victim expressed a preference under 
     paragraph (1); and
       ``(ii) if the victim expressed a preference, whether the 
     victim preferred that the offense be prosecuted by court-
     martial or in a civilian court.''.

     SEC. 547. EXTENSION AND EXPANSION OF DEFENSE ADVISORY 
                   COMMITTEE ON INVESTIGATION, PROSECUTION, AND 
                   DEFENSE OF SEXUAL ASSAULT IN THE ARMED FORCES.

       Section 546 of the Carl Levin and Howard P. ``Buck'' McKeon 
     National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2015 (10 
     U.S.C. 1561 note) is amended--
       (1) by amending paragraph (2) of subsection (c) to read as 
     follows:
       ``(2) Basis for provision of advice.--For purposes of 
     providing advice to the Secretary pursuant to this 
     subsection, the Advisory Committee shall--
       ``(A) review, on an ongoing basis, cases involving 
     allegations of sexual misconduct described in paragraph (1);
       ``(B) study the feasibility of incorporating restorative 
     justice models into the Uniform Code of Military Justice; and
       ``(C) review Rule for Courts-Martial 1001(c) (as set forth 
     in the Manual for Courts-Martial, 2019 edition, or any 
     successor rule) to determine whether, and to what extent, the 
     interpretation of that rule by military courts--
       ``(i) limits the ability of sexual assault victims to make 
     statements during presentencing proceedings; and
       ``(ii) limits the content of such statements.''; and
       (2) in subsection (f)(1), by striking ``five years'' and 
     inserting ``ten years''.

     SEC. 548. DEFENSE ADVISORY COMMITTEE FOR THE PREVENTION OF 
                   SEXUAL MISCONDUCT.

       (a) Establishment Required.--
       (1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense shall establish 
     and maintain within the Department of Defense an advisory 
     committee to be known as the ``Defense Advisory Committee for 
     the Prevention of Sexual Misconduct'' (in this section 
     referred to as the ``Advisory Committee'').
       (2) Deadline for establishment.--The Secretary shall 
     establish the Advisory Committee not later than 180 days 
     after the date of the enactment of this Act.
       (b) Membership.--
       (1) In general.--The Advisory Committee shall consist of 
     not more than 20 members, appointed by the Secretary from 
     among individuals who have an expertise appropriate for the 
     work of the Advisory Committee, including at least one 
     individual with each expertise as follows:
       (A) Expertise in the prevention of sexual assault and 
     behaviors on the sexual assault continuum of harm.
       (B) Expertise in the prevention of suicide.
       (C) Expertise in trauma and trauma symptoms.
       (D) Expertise in the change of culture of large 
     organizations.
       (E) Expertise in implementation science.
       (2) Background of individuals.--Individuals appointed to 
     the Advisory Committee may include individuals with expertise 
     in sexual assault prevention efforts of institutions of 
     higher education, public health officials, and such other 
     individuals as the Secretary considers appropriate.
       (3) Prohibition on membership of members of armed forces on 
     active duty.--A member of the Armed Forces serving on active 
     duty may not serve as a member of the Advisory Committee.
       (c) Duties.--
       (1) In general.--The Advisory Committee shall advise the 
     Secretary on the following:
       (A) The prevention of sexual assault (including rape, 
     forcible sodomy, other sexual assault, and other sexual 
     misconduct (including behaviors on the sexual assault 
     continuum of harm)) involving members of the Armed Forces.
       (B) The policies, programs, and practices of each military 
     department, each Armed Force, and each military service 
     academy for the prevention of sexual assault as described in 
     subparagraph (A).
       (2) Basis for provision of advice.--For purposes of 
     providing advice to the Secretary pursuant to this 
     subsection, the Advisory Committee shall review, on an 
     ongoing basis, the following:
       (A) Closed cases involving allegations of sexual assault 
     described in paragraph (1).
       (B) Efforts of institutions of higher education to prevent 
     sexual assault among students.
       (C) Any other information or matters that the Advisory 
     Committee or the Secretary considers appropriate.
       (3) Coordination of efforts.--In addition to the reviews 
     required by paragraph (2), for purposes of providing advice 
     to the Secretary the Advisory Committee shall also consult 
     and coordinate with the Defense Advisory Committee on 
     Investigation, Prosecution, and Defense of Sexual Assault in 
     the Armed Forces (DAC-IPAD) on matters of joint interest to 
     the two Advisory Committees.
       (d) Annual Report.--Not later than March 30 each year, the 
     Advisory Committee shall submit to the Secretary and the 
     Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of 
     Representatives a report on the activities of the Advisory 
     Committee pursuant to this section during the preceding year.
       (e) Sexual Assault Continuum of Harm.--In this section, the 
     term ``sexual assault continuum of harm'' includes--
       (1) inappropriate actions (such as sexist jokes), sexual 
     harassment, gender discrimination, hazing, cyber bullying, or 
     other behavior that contributes to a culture that is tolerant 
     of, or increases risk for, sexual assault; and

[[Page H5381]]

       (2) maltreatment or ostracism of a victim for a report of 
     sexual misconduct.
       (f) Termination.--
       (1) In general.--Except as provided in paragraph (2), the 
     Advisory Committee shall terminate on the date that is five 
     years after the date of the establishment of the Advisory 
     Committee pursuant to subsection (a).
       (2) Continuation.--The Secretary of Defense may continue 
     the Advisory Committee after the termination date applicable 
     under paragraph (1) if the Secretary determines that 
     continuation of the Advisory Committee after that date is 
     advisable and appropriate. If the Secretary determines to 
     continue the Advisory Committee after that date, the 
     Secretary shall notify the Committees on the Armed Services 
     of the Senate and House of Representatives.

     SEC. 549. SAFE TO REPORT POLICY APPLICABLE ACROSS THE ARMED 
                   FORCES.

       (a) In General.--The Secretary of Defense shall, in 
     consultation with the Secretaries of the military 
     departments, prescribe in regulations a safe to report policy 
     described in subsection (b) that applies with respect to all 
     members of the Armed Forces (including members of the reserve 
     components of the Armed Forces) and cadets and midshipmen at 
     the military service academies.
       (b) Safe to Report Policy.--The safe to report policy 
     described in this subsection is a policy under which a member 
     of the Armed Forces who is the alleged victim of sexual 
     assault, but who may have committed minor collateral 
     misconduct at or about the time of such sexual assault, or 
     whose minor collateral misconduct is discovered only as a 
     result of the investigation into such sexual assault, may 
     report such sexual assault to proper authorities without fear 
     or receipt of discipline in connection with such minor 
     collateral misconduct absent aggravating circumstances that 
     increase the gravity of the minor collateral misconduct or 
     its impact on good order and discipline.
       (c) Minor Collateral Misconduct.--For purposes of the safe 
     to report policy, minor collateral misconduct shall include 
     any of the following:
       (1) Improper use or possession of alcohol.
       (2) Consensual intimate behavior (including adultery) or 
     fraternization.
       (3) Presence in an off-limits area.
       (4) Such other misconduct as the Secretary of Defense shall 
     specify in the regulations under subsection (a).
       (d) Aggravating Circumstances.--The regulations under 
     subsection (a) shall specify aggravating circumstances that 
     increase the gravity of minor collateral misconduct or its 
     impact on good order and discipline for purposes of the safe 
     to report policy.
       (e) Definitions.--In this section:
       (1) The term ``Armed Forces'' has the meaning given that 
     term in section 101(a)(4) of title 10, United States Code, 
     except such term does not include the Coast Guard.
       (2) The term ``military service academy'' means the 
     following:
       (A) The United States Military Academy.
       (B) The United States Naval Academy.
       (C) The United States Air Force Academy.

     SEC. 550. AVAILABILITY OF SPECIAL VICTIMS' COUNSEL AND 
                   SPECIAL VICTIM PROSECUTORS AT MILITARY 
                   INSTALLATIONS.

       (a) Deadline for Availability.--
       (1) In general.--If an individual specified in paragraph 
     (2) is not available at a military installation for access by 
     a member of the Armed Forces who requests access to such an 
     individual, such an individual shall be made available at 
     such installation for access by such member by not later than 
     48 hours after such request.
       (2) Individuals.--The individuals specified in this 
     paragraph are the following:
       (A) Special Victims' Counsel (SVC).
       (B) Special Victim Prosecutor (SPC).
       (b) Report on Civilian Support of SVCs.--Not later than 180 
     days after the date of the enactment of this Act, each 
     Secretary of a military department shall submit to the 
     Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of 
     Representatives a report setting forth the assessment of such 
     Secretary of the feasibility and advisability of establishing 
     and maintaining at each installation under the jurisdiction 
     of such Secretary with a Special Victims' Counsel one or more 
     civilian positions for the purpose of--
       (1) providing support to such Special Victims' Counsel; and
       (2) ensuring continuity and the preservation of 
     institutional knowledge in transitions between the service of 
     individuals as Special Victims' Counsel at such installation.

     SEC. 550A. NOTICE TO VICTIMS OF ALLEGED SEXUAL ASSAULT OF 
                   PENDENCY OF FURTHER ADMINISTRATIVE ACTION 
                   FOLLOWING A DETERMINATION NOT TO REFER TO TRIAL 
                   BY COURT-MARTIAL.

       Under regulations prescribed by the Secretary of Defense, 
     upon a determination not to refer a case of alleged sexual 
     assault for trial by court-martial under chapter 47 of title 
     10, United States Code (the Uniform Code of Military 
     Justice), the commander making such determination shall 
     periodically notify the victim of the status of a final 
     determination on further action on such case, whether non-
     judicial punishment under section 815 of such title (article 
     15 of the Uniform Code of Military Justice), other 
     administrative action, or no further action. Such 
     notifications shall continue not less frequently than monthly 
     until such final determination.

     SEC. 550B. TRAINING FOR SPECIAL VICTIMS' COUNSEL ON CIVILIAN 
                   CRIMINAL JUSTICE MATTERS IN THE STATES OF THE 
                   MILITARY INSTALLATIONS TO WHICH ASSIGNED.

       (a) Training.--
       (1) In general.--Except as provided in subsection (c), upon 
     the assignment of a Special Victims' Counsel (including a 
     Victim Legal Counsel of the Navy) to a military installation 
     in the United States, such Counsel shall be provided 
     appropriate training on the law and policies of the State or 
     States in which such military installation is located with 
     respect to the criminal justice matters specified in 
     paragraph (2). The purpose of the training is to assist such 
     Counsel in providing victims of alleged sex-related offenses 
     with information necessary to make an informed decision 
     regarding preference as to the jurisdiction (whether court-
     martial or State court) in which such offenses will be 
     prosecuted.
       (2) Criminal justice matters.--The criminal justice matters 
     specified in this paragraph, with respect to a State, are the 
     following:
       (A) Victim rights.
       (B) Prosecution of criminal offenses.
       (C) Sentencing for conviction of criminal offenses.
       (b) Alleged Sex-related Offense Defined.--In this section, 
     the term ``alleged sex-related offense'' means any allegation 
     of--
       (1) a violation of section 920, 920b, 920c, or 930 of title 
     10, United States Code (article 120, 120b, 120c, or 130 of 
     the Uniform Code of Military Justice); or
       (2) an attempt to commit an offense specified in a 
     paragraph (1) as punishable under section 880 of title 10, 
     United States Code (article 80 of the Uniform Code of 
     Military Justice).
       (c) Exception.--The requirements of this section do not 
     apply to a Special Victims' Counsel of the Coast Guard.

                      Subtitle F--Member Education

     SEC. 551. AUTHORITY FOR DETAIL OF CERTAIN ENLISTED MEMBERS OF 
                   THE ARMED FORCES AS STUDENTS AT LAW SCHOOLS.

       (a) In General.--Chapter 101 of title 10, United States 
     Code, is amended--
       (1) by redesignating sections 2004a and 2004b as sections 
     2004b and 2004c, respectively;
       (2) by inserting after section 2004 the following new 
     section:

     ``Sec. 2004a. Detail as students at law schools: certain 
       enlisted members

       ``(a) In General.--The Secretary of each military 
     department may, under regulations prescribed by the Secretary 
     of Defense, detail enlisted members of the armed forces as 
     students at accredited law schools, located in the United 
     States, for a period of training leading to the degree of 
     bachelor of laws or juris doctor. No more than twenty-five 
     officers from each military department may commence such 
     training in any single fiscal year.
       ``(b) Eligibility for Detail.--To be eligible for detail 
     under subsection (a), a member must be a citizen of the 
     United States and must--
       ``(1) as of the time training is to begin--
       ``(A) have served on active duty for a period of not less 
     than four years nor more than eight years;
       ``(B) be in pay grade E-5 or E-6; and
       ``(C) meet all requirements for acceptance of a commission 
     as a commissioned officer in the armed forces; and
       ``(2) sign an agreement that, unless sooner separated, the 
     member will--
       ``(A) complete the educational course of legal training;
       ``(B) upon completion of the educational course of legal 
     training--
       ``(i) accept a commission as a commissioned officer in the 
     armed forces; and
       ``(ii) accept transfer or detail as a judge advocate or law 
     specialist within the department concerned; and
       ``(C) agree to serve on active duty following completion or 
     other termination of the educational course of legal training 
     for a period of two years for each year or part thereof of 
     such training.
       ``(c) Selection.--Members detailed for legal training under 
     subsection (a) shall be selected on a competitive basis by 
     the Secretary of the military department concerned, under the 
     regulations required by subsection (a).
       ``(d) Service and Service Obligations.--(1) Except as 
     provided in paragraph (2), any service obligation incurred by 
     a member under an agreement entered into under subsection (b) 
     shall be in addition to any service obligation incurred by 
     the member under any other provision of law or agreement.
       ``(2)(A) A member who does not successfully complete a 
     course of legal training to which detailed pursuant to this 
     section shall cease such detail and return to the armed force 
     concerned as an enlisted member.
       ``(B) Any time of a member described by subparagraph (A) in 
     a course of legal training described in that subparagraph 
     shall not count toward satisfaction of any period of service 
     required under the current contract or agreement of the 
     member for enlistment in the armed forces.
       ``(e) Limitation on Number Detailable.--The aggregate 
     number of enlisted members detailed under this section and 
     commissioned officers detailed under section 2004 of this 
     title in any fiscal year by a Secretary of a military 
     department may not exceed 25.
       ``(f) Other Administrative Matters.--Subsections (d) and 
     (f) of section 2004 of this title shall apply to the detail 
     of members under this section, except that any reference in 
     such section to an `officer' shall be deemed to be a 
     reference to an `enlisted member' for such purposes.''.

     SEC. 552. EDUCATION OF MEMBERS OF THE ARMED FORCES ON CAREER 
                   READINESS AND PROFESSIONAL DEVELOPMENT.

       (a) Programs of Education Required.--
       (1) In general.--Chapter 101 of title 10, United States 
     Code, is amended by inserting after section 2015 the 
     following new section:

[[Page H5382]]

  


     ``Sec. 2015a. Education of members on career readiness and 
       professional development

       ``(a) Program of Education Required.--The Secretary of 
     Defense shall carry out a program to provide education on 
     career readiness and professional development to members of 
     the armed forces.
       ``(b) Elements.--The program under this section shall 
     provide members with the following:
       ``(1) Information on the transition plan as described in 
     section 1142(b)(10) of this title.
       ``(2) Information on opportunities available to members 
     during military service for professional development and 
     preparation for a career after military service, including--
       ``(A) programs of education, certification, training, and 
     employment assistance (including programs under sections 
     1143(e), 2007, and 2015 of this title); and
       ``(B) programs and resources available to members in 
     communities in the vicinity of military installations.
       ``(3) Instruction on the use of online and other electronic 
     mechanisms in order to access the education, training, and 
     assistance and resources described in paragraph (2).
       ``(4) Such other information, instruction, and matters as 
     the Secretary shall specify for purposes of this section.
       ``(c) Timing of Provision of Information.--Subject to 
     subsection (d), information, instruction, and other matters 
     under the program under this section shall be provided to 
     members at the times as follows:
       ``(1) Upon arrival at first duty station.
       ``(2) Upon arrival at any subsequent duty station.
       ``(3) Upon deployment.
       ``(4) Upon promotion.
       ``(5) Upon reenlistment.
       ``(6) At any other point in a military career specified by 
     the Secretary for purposes of this section
       ``(d) Single Provision of Information in a Year With 
     Multiple Events.--A member who has received information and 
     instruction under the program under this section in 
     connection with an event specified in subsection (c) in a 
     year may elect not to undergo additional receipt of 
     information and instruction under the program in connection 
     with another such event in the year, unless such other event 
     is arrival at a new duty station.''.
       (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at the 
     beginning of chapter 101 of such title is amended by 
     inserting after the item relating to section 2015 the 
     following new item:

``2015a. Education of members on career readiness and professional 
              development.''.
       (b) Report on Implementation.--
       (1) In general.--Not later than one year after the date of 
     the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall 
     submit to the appropriate committees of Congress a report on 
     the program of education required by section 2015a of title 
     10, United States Code (as added by subsection (a)), 
     including the following:
       (A) A comprehensive description of the actions taken to 
     implement the program of education.
       (B) A comprehensive description of the program of 
     education.
       (2) Appropriate committees of congress defined.--In this 
     subsection, the term ``appropriate committees of Congress'' 
     means--
       (A) the Committee on Armed Services and the Committee on 
     Veterans' Affairs of the Senate; and
       (B) the Committee on Armed Services and the Committee on 
     Veterans' Affairs of the House of Representatives.

     SEC. 553. DEFENSE LANGUAGE INSTITUTE FOREIGN LANGUAGE CENTER.

       (a) Authority to Award Bachelor's Degrees.--Section 2168 of 
     title 10, United States Code, is amended--
       (1) in the section heading, by striking ``Associate'' and 
     inserting ``Associate or Bachelor''; and
       (2) by amending subsection (a) to read as follows:
       ``(a) Subject to subsection (b), the Commandant of the 
     Defense Language Institute may confer--
       ``(1) an Associate of Arts degree in a foreign language 
     upon any graduate of the Foreign Language Center of the 
     Institute who fulfills the requirements for that degree; or
       ``(2) a Bachelor of Arts degree in a foreign language upon 
     any graduate of the Foreign Language Center of the Institute 
     who fulfills the requirements for that degree.''.
       (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the 
     beginning of chapter 108 of title 10, United States Code, is 
     amended by striking the item relating to section 2168 and 
     inserting the following new item:

``2168. Defense Language Institute Foreign Language Center: degree of 
              Associate or Bachelor of Arts in foreign language.''.

     SEC. 554. EXPANSION OF DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE STARBASE 
                   PROGRAM.

       (a) In General.--Section 2193b of title 10, United States 
     Code, is amended--
       (1) in the section heading, by striking ``science, 
     mathematics, and technology'' and inserting ``science, 
     technology, engineering, art and design, and mathematics'';
       (2) in subsection (a), by striking ``science, mathematics, 
     and technology'' and inserting ``science, technology, 
     engineering, art and design, and mathematics''; and
       (3) in subsection (b), by striking ``mathematics, science, 
     and technology'' and inserting ``science, technology, 
     engineering, art and design, and mathematics'';
       (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the 
     beginning of chapter 111 of title 10, United States Code, is 
     amended by striking the item relating to section 2193b and 
     inserting the following new item:

``2193b. Improvement of education in technical fields: program for 
              support of elementary and secondary education in science, 
              technology, engineering, art and design, and 
              mathematics.''.

     SEC. 555. DEGREE GRANTING AUTHORITY FOR UNITED STATES ARMY 
                   ARMAMENT GRADUATE SCHOOL.

       (a) In General.--Chapter 751 of title 10, United States 
     Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new 
     section:

     ``Sec. 7422. Degree granting authority for United States Army 
       Armament Graduate School

       ``(a) Authority.--Under regulations prescribed by the 
     Secretary of the Army, the Chancellor of the United States 
     Army Armament Graduate School may, upon the recommendation of 
     the faculty and provost of the college, confer appropriate 
     degrees upon graduates who meet the degree requirements.
       ``(b) Limitation.--A degree may not be conferred under this 
     section unless--
       ``(1) the Secretary of Education has recommended approval 
     of the degree in accordance with the Federal Policy Governing 
     Granting of Academic Degrees by Federal Agencies; and
       ``(2) the United States Army Armament Graduate School is 
     accredited by the appropriate civilian academic accrediting 
     agency or organization to award the degree, as determined by 
     the Secretary of Education.
       ``(c) Congressional Notification Requirements.--(1) When 
     seeking to establish degree granting authority under this 
     section, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the 
     Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of 
     Representatives--
       ``(A) a copy of the self-assessment questionnaire required 
     by the Federal Policy Governing Granting of Academic Degrees 
     by Federal Agencies, at the time the assessment is submitted 
     to the Department of Education's National Advisory Committee 
     on Institutional Quality and Integrity; and
       ``(B) the subsequent recommendations and rationale of the 
     Secretary of Education regarding the establishment of the 
     degree granting authority.
       ``(2) Upon any modification or redesignation of existing 
     degree granting authority, the Secretary of Defense shall 
     submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and 
     House of Representatives a report containing the rationale 
     for the proposed modification or redesignation and any 
     subsequent recommendation of the Secretary of Education on 
     the proposed modification or redesignation.
       ``(3) The Secretary of Defense shall submit to the 
     Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and House of 
     Representatives a report containing an explanation of any 
     action by the appropriate academic accrediting agency or 
     organization not to accredit the United States Army Armament 
     Graduate School to award any new or existing degree.''.
       (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the 
     beginning of such chapter is amended by adding at the end the 
     following new item:

``7422. Degree granting authority for United States Army Armament 
              Graduate School.''.

     SEC. 556. CONGRESSIONAL NOMINATIONS FOR SENIOR RESERVE 
                   OFFICERS' TRAINING CORPS SCHOLARSHIPS.

       Section 7442 of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
     adding at the end the following new subsection:
       ``(k) Any candidate not nominated under paragraphs (3) 
     through (10) of subsection (a) may be considered by the 
     Secretary of the Army in order of merit for appointment as a 
     Senior Reserve Officers' Training Corps cadet under section 
     2107 of this title.''.

     SEC. 557. CONSIDERATION OF APPLICATION FOR TRANSFER FOR A 
                   STUDENT OF A MILITARY SERVICE ACADEMY WHO IS 
                   THE VICTIM OF A SEXUAL ASSAULT OR RELATED 
                   OFFENSE.

       (a) Military Academy.--Section 7461 of title 10, United 
     States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following 
     new subsection:
       ``(e) Consideration of Application for Transfer for a Cadet 
     Who Is the Victim of a Sexual Assault or Related Offense.--
     (1) The Secretary of the Army shall provide for timely 
     determination and action on an application for consideration 
     of a transfer to another military service academy submitted 
     by a cadet who was a victim of a sexual assault or other 
     offense covered by section 920, 920a, or 920c of this title 
     (article 120, 120a, or 120c of the Uniform Code of Military 
     Justice) so as to reduce the possibility of retaliation 
     against the cadet for reporting the sexual assault or other 
     offense.
       ``(2) The Secretary of the Army shall prescribe regulations 
     to carry out this subsection, within guidelines provided by 
     the Secretary of Defense that direct the Superintendent of 
     the Military Academy, in coordination with the Superintendent 
     of the military service academy to which the cadet wishes to 
     transfer--
       ``(A) to approve or deny an application under this 
     subsection not later than 72 hours after the submission of 
     the application; and
       ``(B) to approve such application unless there are 
     exceptional circumstances that require denial of the 
     application.
       ``(3) If the Superintendent of the Military Academy or the 
     Superintendent of the military service academy to which the 
     cadet wishes to transfer denies an application under this 
     subsection, the cadet may request review of the denial by the 
     Secretary concerned, who shall grant or deny review not later 
     than 72 hours after submission of the request for review.
       ``(4) The Secretary concerned shall ensure that all records 
     of any request, determination, or action under this 
     subsection remain confidential.
       ``(5) A cadet who transfers under this subsection may 
     retain the cadet's appointment to the Military Academy or may 
     be appointed to

[[Page H5383]]

     the military service academy to which the cadet transfers 
     without regard to the limitations and requirements set forth 
     in sections 7442, 8454, and 9442 of this title.''.
       (b) Naval Academy.--Section 8480 of title 10, United States 
     Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new 
     subsection:
       ``(e) Consideration of Application for Transfer for a 
     Midshipman Who Is the Victim of a Sexual Assault or Related 
     Offense.--(1) The Secretary of the Navy shall provide for 
     timely determination and action on an application for 
     consideration of a transfer to another military service 
     academy submitted by a midshipman who was a victim of a 
     sexual assault or other offense covered by section 920, 920a, 
     or 920c of this title (article 120, 120a, or 120c of the 
     Uniform Code of Military Justice) so as to reduce the 
     possibility of retaliation against the midshipman for 
     reporting the sexual assault or other offense.
       ``(2) The Secretary of the Navy shall prescribe regulations 
     to carry out this subsection, within guidelines provided by 
     the Secretary of Defense that direct the Superintendent of 
     the Naval Academy, in coordination with the Superintendent of 
     the military service academy to which the midshipman wishes 
     to transfer--
       ``(A) to approve or deny an application under this 
     subsection not later than 72 hours after the submission of 
     the application; and
       ``(B) to approve such application unless there are 
     exceptional circumstances that require denial of the 
     application.
       ``(3) If the Superintendent of the Naval Academy or the 
     Superintendent of the military service academy to which the 
     midshipman wishes to transfer denies an application under 
     this subsection, the midshipman may request review of the 
     denial by the Secretary concerned, who shall grant or deny 
     review not later than 72 hours after submission of the 
     request for review.
       ``(4) The Secretary concerned shall ensure that all records 
     of any request, determination, or action under this 
     subsection remain confidential.
       ``(5) A midshipman who transfers under this subsection may 
     retain the midshipman's appointment to the Naval Academy or 
     may be appointed to the military service academy to which the 
     midshipman transfers without regard to the limitations and 
     requirements set forth in sections 7442, 8454, and 9442 of 
     this title.''.
       (c) Air Force Academy.--Section 9461 of title 10, United 
     States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following 
     new subsection:
       ``(e) Consideration of Application for Transfer for a Cadet 
     Who Is the Victim of a Sexual Assault or Related Offense.--
     (1) The Secretary of the Air Force shall provide for timely 
     determination and action on an application for consideration 
     of a transfer to another military service academy submitted 
     by a cadet who was a victim of a sexual assault or other 
     offense covered by section 920, 920a, or 920c of this title 
     (article 120, 120a, or 120c of the Uniform Code of Military 
     Justice) so as to reduce the possibility of retaliation 
     against the cadet for reporting the sexual assault or other 
     offense.
       ``(2) The Secretary of the Air Force shall prescribe 
     regulations to carry out this subsection, within guidelines 
     provided by the Secretary of Defense that direct the 
     Superintendent of the Air Force Academy, in coordination with 
     the Superintendent of the military service academy to which 
     the cadet wishes to transfer--
       ``(A) to approve or deny an application under this 
     subsection not later than 72 hours after the submission of 
     the application; and
       ``(B) to approve such application unless there are 
     exceptional circumstances that require denial of the 
     application.
       ``(3) If the Superintendent of the Air Force Academy or the 
     Superintendent of the military service academy to which the 
     cadet wishes to transfer denies an application under this 
     subsection, the cadet may request review of the denial by the 
     Secretary concerned, who shall grant or deny review not later 
     than 72 hours after submission of the request for review.
       ``(4) The Secretary concerned shall ensure that all records 
     of any request, determination, or action under this 
     subsection remain confidential.
       ``(5) A cadet who transfers under this subsection may 
     retain the cadet's appointment to the Air Force Academy or 
     may be appointed to the military service academy to which the 
     cadet transfers without regard to the limitations and 
     requirements set forth in sections 7442, 8454, and 9442 of 
     this title.''.

     SEC. 558. REDESIGNATION OF THE COMMANDANT OF THE UNITED 
                   STATES AIR FORCE INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY AS THE 
                   DIRECTOR AND CHANCELLOR OF SUCH INSTITUTE.

       (a) Redesignation.--Section 9414b(a) of title 10, United 
     States Code, is amended--
       (1) in the subsection heading, by striking ``Commandant'' 
     and inserting ``Director and Chancellor'';
       (2) by striking ``Commandant'' each place it appears and 
     inserting ``Director and Chancellor''; and
       (3) in the heading of paragraph (3), by striking 
     ``Commandant'' and inserting ``Director and Chancellor''.
       (b) Conforming Amendment.--Section 9414 of such title is 
     amended by striking ``Commandant'' both places it appears and 
     inserting ``Director and Chancellor''.
       (c) References.--Any reference in any law, regulation, map, 
     document, paper, or other record of the United States to the 
     Commandant of the United States Air Force Institute of 
     Technology shall be deemed to be a reference to the Director 
     and Chancellor of the United States Air Force Institute of 
     Technology.

     SEC. 559. ELIGIBILITY OF ADDITIONAL ENLISTED MEMBERS FOR 
                   ASSOCIATE DEGREE PROGRAMS OF THE COMMUNITY 
                   COLLEGE OF THE AIR FORCE.

       Section 9415(b) of title 10, United States Code, is amended 
     by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
       ``(3) Enlisted members of the armed forces other than the 
     Air Force who are participating in Community College of the 
     Air Force affiliated joint-service training and education 
     courses.''.

     SEC. 560. SAFE-TO-REPORT POLICY APPLICABLE TO MILITARY 
                   SERVICE ACADEMIES.

       (a) In General.--The Secretary of Defense, in consultation 
     with the Secretaries of the military departments, shall 
     prescribe in regulations a safe-to-report policy described in 
     subsection (b) that applies with respect to cadets and 
     midshipmen at the military service academies.
       (b) Safe-to-report Policy.--The safe-to-report policy 
     described in this subsection is a policy under which a cadet 
     or midshipman at a military service academy who is the 
     alleged victim of sexual assault, but who may have committed 
     minor collateral misconduct at or about the time of such 
     sexual assault, or whose minor collateral misconduct is 
     discovered only as a result of the investigation into such 
     sexual assault, may report such sexual assault to proper 
     authorities without fear or receipt of discipline in 
     connection with such minor collateral misconduct.
       (c) Minor Collateral Misconduct.--For purposes of the safe-
     to-report policy, minor collateral misconduct shall include 
     any of the following:
       (1) Improper use or possession of alcohol.
       (2) Consensual intimate behavior or fraternization with 
     another cadet or midshipman.
       (3) Presence in an off-limits area.
       (4) Such other misconduct as the Secretary of Defense shall 
     specify in the regulations under subsection (a).
       (d) Military Service Academy Defined.--In this section, the 
     term ``military service academy'' means the following:
       (1) The United States Military Academy.
       (2) The United States Naval Academy.
       (3) The United States Air Force Academy.
       (4) The United States Coast Guard Academy.

     SEC. 560A. RECOUPMENT OF FUNDS FROM CADETS AND MIDSHIPMEN 
                   SEPARATED FOR CRIMINAL MISCONDUCT.

       Not later than September 30, 2020, each Secretary of a 
     military department shall prescribe regulations by which the 
     Superintendent of a military service academy under the 
     jurisdiction of the Secretary shall, pursuant to section 
     303a(e) of title 37, United States Code, recoup the cost of 
     advanced education received by a cadet or midshipman who is 
     separated from that military service academy--
       (1) at any time before the cadet or midshipman graduates 
     from the military service academy; and
       (2) for criminal misconduct by the cadet or midshipman.

               Subtitle G--Member Training and Transition

     SEC. 561. PROHIBITION ON GENDER-SEGREGATED TRAINING AT MARINE 
                   CORPS RECRUIT DEPOTS.

       (a) Parris Island.--
       (1) Prohibition.--Subject to paragraph (2), training at the 
     Marine Corps Recruit Depot, Parris Island, South Carolina, 
     may not be segregated based on gender.
       (2) Deadline.--The Commandant of the Marine Corps shall 
     carry out this subsection not later than five years after the 
     date of the enactment of this Act.
       (b) San Diego.--
       (1) Prohibition.--Subject to paragraph (2), training at the 
     Marine Corps Recruit Depot, San Diego, California, may not be 
     segregated based on gender.
       (2) Deadline.--The Commandant of the Marine Corps shall 
     carry out this subsection not later than eight years after 
     the date of the enactment of this Act.

     SEC. 562. MEDICAL PERSONNEL AT MARINE CORPS RECRUIT DEPOTS.

       Not later than September 30, 2020, the Secretary of the 
     Navy, in coordination with the Navy Medical Department, 
     shall--
       (1) assign personnel to the Marine Recruit Training 
     Regiment at each Marine Corps Recruit Depot who--
       (A) possess sufficient medical training and equipment to 
     evaluate sick recruits; and
       (B) is capable of determining whether a recruit requires 
     emergent care; and
       (2) ensure such personnel is available after business hours 
     in order to advise personnel regarding the course of action 
     for managing a sick recruit.

     SEC. 563. ASSESSMENT OF DEATHS OF RECRUITS UNDER THE 
                   JURISDICTION OF THE SECRETARY OF THE NAVY.

       (a) Assessment.--The Inspector General of the Department of 
     Defense shall conduct an assessment of the deaths of recruits 
     at facilities under the jurisdiction of the Secretary of the 
     Navy, and the effectiveness of the current medical protocols 
     on the training bases.
       (b) Report.--Not later than September 30, 2020, the 
     Inspector General shall submit to the Committees on Armed 
     Services of the Senate and the House of Representative a 
     report containing the results of the assessment conducted 
     under subsection (a). The report shall include the following:
       (1) The number of recruits who died during basic training 
     in the five years preceding the date of the report.
       (2) The causes of deaths described in paragraph (1).
       (3) The types of medical treatment that was provided to 
     recruits described in paragraph (1).
       (4) Whether any of the deaths identified under paragraph 
     (1) were found to be a result of medical negligence.
       (5) A description of medical capabilities and personnel 
     available to the recruits at each facility.
       (6) A description of medical resources accessible to the 
     recruits at the company level at each facility.

[[Page H5384]]

       (7) A description of 24-hour medical resources available to 
     recruits at each facility.
       (8) An evaluation of the guidelines and resources in place 
     to monitor sick recruits.
       (9) An evaluation of how supervisors evaluate and determine 
     whether a sick recruit should continue training or further 
     seek medical assistance.
       (10) An evaluation of how the Secretary of the Navy can 
     increase visibility of the comprehensive medical status of a 
     sick recruit to instructors and supervisors in order to 
     provide better situational awareness of the such medical 
     status.
       (11) An evaluation of how to improve and medical care for 
     recruits.

     SEC. 564. INCLUSION OF SPECIFIC EMAIL ADDRESS BLOCK ON 
                   CERTIFICATE OF RELEASE OR DISCHARGE FROM ACTIVE 
                   DUTY (DD FORM 214).

       (a) Modification Required.--The Secretary of Defense shall 
     modify the Certificate of Release or Discharge from Active 
     Duty (DD Form 214) to include a specific block explicitly 
     identified as the location in which a member of the Armed 
     Forces may provide one or more email addresses by which the 
     member may be contacted after discharge or release from 
     active duty in the Armed Forces.
       (b) Deadline for Modification.--The Secretary of Defense 
     shall release a revised Certificate of Release or Discharge 
     from Active Duty (DD Form 214), modified as required by 
     subsection (a), not later than one year after the date of the 
     enactment of this Act.

     SEC. 565. MACHINE READABILITY AND ELECTRONIC TRANSFERABILITY 
                   OF CERTIFICATE OF RELEASE OR DISCHARGE FROM 
                   ACTIVE DUTY (DD FORM 214).

       (a) Modification Required.--The Secretary of Defense shall 
     modify the Certificate of Release or Discharge from Active 
     Duty (DD Form 214) to be machine readable and electronically 
     transferable.
       (b) Deadline for Modification.--The Secretary of Defense 
     shall release a revised Certificate of Release or Discharge 
     from Active Duty (DD Form 214), modified pursuant to 
     subsection (a), not later than four years after the date of 
     the enactment of this Act.
       (c) Report.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
     enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit 
     a report to Congress regarding the following:
       (1) What systems of the Department of Defense require an 
     individual to manually enter information from DD Form 214.
       (2) What activities of the Department of Defense require a 
     veteran or former member of the Armed Forces to provide a 
     physical copy of DD Form 214.
       (3) The order of priority for modernizing items identified 
     under paragraphs (1) and (2) as determined by the Secretary.
       (4) The estimated cost, as determined by the Secretary, to 
     automate items identified under paragraphs (1) and (2).

     SEC. 566. RECORDS OF SERVICE FOR RESERVES.

       (a) Establishment.--Not later than September 30, 2020, the 
     Secretary of Defense shall establish and implement a standard 
     record of service for members of the reserve components of 
     the Armed Forces, similar to DD Form 214, that summarizes the 
     record of service of each such member, including dates of 
     active duty service.
       (b) Coordination.--In carrying out this section, the 
     Secretary of Defense shall coordinate with the Secretary of 
     Veterans Affairs to ensure that the record established under 
     this section is acceptable as proof of service for former 
     members of the reserve components of the Armed Forces who are 
     eligible for benefits under laws administered by the 
     Secretary of Veterans Affairs to receive such benefits.

    Subtitle H--Military Family Readiness and Dependents' Education

     SEC. 571. AUTHORIZING MEMBERS TO TAKE LEAVE FOR A BIRTH OR 
                   ADOPTION IN MORE THAN ONE INCREMENT.

       Section 701(i) of title 10, United States Code, is amended 
     by striking paragraph (5).

     SEC. 572. DEFERRED DEPLOYMENT FOR MEMBERS WHO GIVE BIRTH.

       Section 701 of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
     adding at the end the following new subsection:
       ``(l) A member of the armed forces who gives birth while on 
     active duty may not be deployed during the period of 12 
     months beginning on the date of such birth except--
       ``(1) at the election of such member; and
       ``(2) with the approval of a health care provider employed 
     at a military medical treatment facility.''.

     SEC. 573. AUTHORITY OF THE SECRETARY CONCERNED TO TRANSPORT 
                   REMAINS OF A COVERED DECEDENT TO NO MORE THAN 
                   TWO PLACES SELECTED BY THE PERSON DESIGNATED TO 
                   DIRECT DISPOSITION OF THE REMAINS.

       (a) Authority.--Section 1482(a)(8) of title 10, United 
     States Code, is amended to read as follows:
       ``(8)(A) Transportation of the remains, and travel and 
     transportation allowances as specified in regulations 
     prescribed under section 464 of title 37 for an escort of one 
     person, to the place, subject to subparagraph (B), selected 
     by the person designated to direct disposition of the remains 
     or, if such a selection is not made, to a national or other 
     cemetery which is selected by the Secretary and in which 
     burial of the decedent is authorized.
       ``(B) The person designated to direct disposition of the 
     remains may select two places under subparagraph (A) if the 
     second place is a national cemetery. If that person selects 
     two places, the Secretary concerned may pay for 
     transportation to the second place only by means of 
     reimbursement under to subsection (b).
       ``(C) When transportation of the remains includes 
     transportation by aircraft under section 562 of the John 
     Warner National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 
     2007 (Public Law 109-364; 10 U.S.C. 1482 note), the Secretary 
     concerned shall provide, to the maximum extent practicable, 
     for delivery of the remains by air to the commercial, general 
     aviation, or military airport nearest to the place selected 
     by the designee.''.
       (b) Military Escort and Honor Guard Only to First 
     Location.--Section 562(b) of the John Warner National Defense 
     Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2007 (Public Law 109-364; 
     10 U.S.C. 1482 note) is amended by adding at the end the 
     following: ``If the person designated to direct disposition 
     of the remains selects two places under such section, the 
     term means only the first of those two places.''.

     SEC. 574. CLARIFICATION REGARDING ELIGIBILITY TO TRANSFER 
                   ENTITLEMENT UNDER POST-9/11 EDUCATIONAL 
                   ASSISTANCE PROGRAM.

       Section 3319(j) of title 38, United States Code, is amended 
     by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
       ``(3) The Secretary of Defense may not prescribe any 
     regulation that would provide for a limitation on eligibility 
     to transfer unused education benefits to family members based 
     on a maximum number of years of service in the Armed 
     Forces.''.

     SEC. 575. ABSENTEE BALLOT TRACKING PROGRAM.

       (a) Establishment and Operation of Program.--Section 102(h) 
     of the Uniformed and Overseas Citizens Absentee Voting Act 
     (52 U.S.C. 20302(h)) is amended to read as follows:
       ``(h) Absentee Ballot Tracking Program.--
       ``(1) Requiring establishment and operation of program.--
     The chief State election official, in coordination with local 
     election jurisdictions, shall establish and operate an 
     absentee ballot tracking program described in paragraph (2) 
     for the use of absent uniformed services voters and overseas 
     voters.
       ``(2) Program described.--
       ``(A) Information on transmission and receipt of absentee 
     ballots.--An absentee ballot tracking program described in 
     this paragraph is a program under which--
       ``(i) the State or local election official responsible for 
     the transmission of absentee ballots in an election for 
     Federal office operates procedures to track and confirm the 
     transmission of such ballots and to make information on the 
     transmission of such a ballot available by means of online 
     access using the internet site of the official's office; and
       ``(ii) the State or local election official responsible for 
     the receipt of absentee ballots in an election for Federal 
     office operates procedures to track and confirm the receipt 
     of such ballots and (subject to subparagraph (B)) to make 
     information on the receipt of such a ballot available by 
     means of online access using the internet site of the 
     official's office.
       ``(B) Specific information on receipt of voted absentee 
     ballots.--The information required to be made available under 
     clause (ii) of subparagraph (A) with respect to the receipt 
     of a voted absentee ballot in an election for Federal office 
     shall include information regarding whether the vote cast on 
     the ballot was counted, and, in the case of a vote which was 
     not counted, the reasons therefor. The appropriate State or 
     local election official shall make the information described 
     in the previous sentence available during the 30-day period 
     that begins on the date on which the results of the election 
     are certified, or during such earlier 30-day period as the 
     official may provide.
       ``(3) Use of toll-free telephone number by officials 
     without internet site.--A program established and operated by 
     a State or local election official whose office does not have 
     an internet site may meet the requirements of paragraph (2) 
     if the official has established and operates a toll-free 
     telephone number that may be used to obtain the information 
     on the transmission or receipt of the absentee ballot which 
     is required under such paragraph.''.
       (b) Effective Date.--The amendment made by subsection (a) 
     shall apply with respect to elections held during 2020 or any 
     succeeding year.

     SEC. 576. ANNUAL STATE REPORT CARD.

       Section 1111(h)(1)(C)(ii) of the Elementary and Secondary 
     Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 6311(h)(1)(C)(ii)) is 
     amended by striking ``on active duty (as defined in section 
     101(d)(5) of such title)''.

     SEC. 577. TRANSPORTATION OF REMAINS OF CASUALTIES; TRAVEL 
                   EXPENSES FOR NEXT OF KIN.

       (a) Transportation for Remains of a Member Who Dies Not in 
     a Theater of Combat Operations.--Section 562 of the John 
     Warner National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 
     2007 (Public Law 109-364; 10 U.S.C. 1482 note) is amended--
       (1) in the heading, by striking ``dying in a theater of 
     combat operations''; and
       (2) in subsection (a), by striking ``in a combat theater of 
     operations'' and inserting ``outside of the United States''.
       (b) Transportation for Family.--The Secretary of Defense 
     shall revise Department of Defense Instruction 1300.18 to 
     extend travel privileges via Invitational Travel 
     Authorization to family members of members of the Armed 
     Forces who die outside of the United States and whose remains 
     are returned to the United States through the mortuary 
     facility at Dover Air Force Base, Delaware.

[[Page H5385]]

  


     SEC. 578. MEETINGS OF OFFICIALS OF THE DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE 
                   WITH SURVIVORS OF DECEASED MEMBERS OF THE ARMED 
                   FORCES.

       (a) Chiefs of the Armed Forces.--The Secretary of Defense 
     shall direct the chiefs of the Armed Forces to meet 
     periodically with survivors of deceased members of the Armed 
     Forces to receive feedback from those survivors regarding 
     issues affecting such survivors. The Chief of the National 
     Guard Bureau shall meet with survivors of deceased members of 
     the Air National Guard and the Army National Guard.
       (b) Under Secretary of Defense for Personnel and 
     Readiness.--The Under Secretary of Defense for Personnel and 
     Readiness shall meet periodically with survivors of deceased 
     members of the Armed Forces to discuss policies of the 
     Department of Defense regarding military casualties and Gold 
     Star families.
       (c) Briefing.--Not later than April 1, 2020, the Under 
     Secretary of Defense for Personnel and Readiness shall brief 
     the Committee on Armed Services of the House of 
     Representatives regarding policies established and the 
     results of the meetings under subsection (b).

     SEC. 579. DIRECT EMPLOYMENT PILOT PROGRAM FOR MEMBERS OF THE 
                   NATIONAL GUARD AND RESERVE, VETERANS, THEIR 
                   SPOUSES AND DEPENDENTS, AND MEMBERS OF GOLD 
                   STAR FAMILIES.

       (a) In General.--The Secretary of Defense may carry out a 
     pilot program to enhance the efforts of the Department of 
     Defense to provide job placement assistance and related 
     employment services directly to the following:
       (1) Members of the National Guard and Reserves in reserve 
     active status.
       (2) Veterans of the Armed Forces.
       (3) Spouses and other dependents of individuals referred to 
     in paragraphs (1) and (2).
       (4) Members of Gold Star Families.
       (b) Administration.--The pilot program shall be offered to, 
     and administered by, the adjutants general appointed under 
     section 314 of title 32, United States Code, or other 
     officials in the States concerned designated by the Secretary 
     for purposes of the pilot program.
       (c) Cost-Sharing Requirement.--As a condition on the 
     provision of funds under this section to a State to support 
     the operation of the pilot program in the State, the State 
     must agree to contribute an amount, derived from non-Federal 
     sources, equal to at least 50 percent of the funds provided 
     by the Secretary to the State under this section.
       (d) Direct Employment Program Model.--The pilot program 
     should follow a job placement program model that focuses on 
     working one-on-one with individuals specified in subsection 
     (a) to cost-effectively provide job placement services, 
     including services such as identifying unemployed and 
     underemployed individuals, job matching services, resume 
     editing, interview preparation, and post-employment follow 
     up. Development of the pilot program should be informed by 
     existing State direct employment programs for members of the 
     reserve components and veterans.
       (e) Training.--The pilot program should draw on the 
     resources provided to transitioning members of the Armed 
     Forces with civilian training opportunities through the 
     SkillBridge trainsition training program administered by the 
     Department of Defense.
       (f) Evaluation.--The Secretary shall develop outcome 
     measurements to evaluate the success of the pilot program.
       (g) Reporting Requirements.--
       (1) Report required.--Not later than March 1, 2021, the 
     Secretary of Defense shall submit to the congressional 
     defense committees a report describing the results of the 
     pilot program. The Secretary shall prepare the report in 
     coordination with the Secretary of Veterans Affairs and the 
     Chief of the National Guard Bureau.
       (2) Elements of report.--A report under paragraph (1) shall 
     include the following:
       (A) A description and assessment of the effectiveness and 
     achievements of the pilot program, including the number of 
     members of the reserve components and veterans of the Armed 
     Forces hired and the cost-per-placement of participating 
     members and veterans.
       (B) An assessment of the impact of the pilot program and 
     increased reserve component employment levels on the 
     readiness of members of the reserve components and on the 
     retention of members of the Armed Forces.
       (C) A comparison of the pilot program to other programs 
     conducted by the Department of Defense and Department of 
     Veterans Affairs to provide unemployment and underemployment 
     support to members of the reserve components and veterans of 
     the Armed Forces, including the best practices developed 
     through and used in such programs.
       (D) Any other matters considered appropriate by the 
     Secretary of Defense.
       (h) Duration of Authority.--The authority to carry out the 
     pilot program expires on September 30, 2023, except that the 
     Secretary may, at the Secretary's discretion, extend the 
     pilot program for not more than two additional fiscal years.

     SEC. 580. CONTINUED ASSISTANCE TO SCHOOLS WITH SIGNIFICANT 
                   NUMBERS OF MILITARY DEPENDENT STUDENTS.

       (a) Assistance to Schools With Significant Numbers of 
     Military Dependent Students.--Of the amount authorized to be 
     appropriated for fiscal year 2020 in Division D of this Act 
     and available for operation and maintenance for Defense-wide 
     activities as specified in the funding table in Section 4301 
     of this Act, $40,000,000 shall be available only for the 
     purpose of providing assistance to local educational agencies 
     under subsection (a) of section 572 of the National Defense 
     Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2006 (Public Law 109-163; 
     20 U.S.C. 7703b).
       (b) Impact Aid for Children With Severe Disabilities.--Of 
     the amount authorized to be appropriated for fiscal year 2020 
     in Division D of this Act and available for operation and 
     maintenance for Defense-wide activities as specified in the 
     funding table in Section 4301 of this Act, $10,000,000 shall 
     be available for payments under section 363 of the Floyd D. 
     Spence National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 
     2001 (Public Law 106-398; 20 U.S.C. 7703a).
       (c) Local Educational Agency Defined.--In this section, the 
     term ``local educational agency'' has the meaning given that 
     term in section 7013(9) of the Elementary and Secondary 
     Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 7713(9)).

                   Subtitle I--Decorations and Awards

     SEC. 581. EXPANSION OF GOLD STAR LAPEL BUTTON ELIGIBILITY TO 
                   STEPSIBLINGS; FREE REPLACEMENT.

       (a) Eligibility of Stepsiblings.--Subsection (d)(3) of 
     section 1126 of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
     striking ``and half sisters'' and inserting ``half sisters, 
     stepbrothers, and stepsisters''.
       (b) Free Replacement.--Subsection (c) of such section is 
     amended by striking ``and payment of an amount sufficient to 
     cover the cost of manufacture and distribution'' and 
     inserting ``at no cost to that person''.

     SEC. 582. ESTABLISHMENT OF THE ATOMIC VETERANS SERVICE MEDAL.

       (a) Service Medal Required.--The Secretary of Defense shall 
     design and produce a military service medal, to be known as 
     the ``Atomic Veterans Service Medal'', to honor retired and 
     former members of the Armed Forces who are radiation-exposed 
     veterans (as such term is defined in section 1112(c)(3) of 
     title 38, United States Code).
       (b) Distribution of Medal.--
       (1) Issuance to retired and former members.--At the request 
     of a radiation-exposed veteran, the Secretary of Defense 
     shall issue the Atomic Veterans Service Medal to the veteran.
       (2) Issuance to next-of-kin.--In the case of a radiation-
     exposed veteran who is deceased, the Secretary may provide 
     for issuance of the Atomic Veterans Service Medal to the 
     next-of-kin of the person.
       (3) Application.--The Secretary shall prepare and 
     disseminate as appropriate an application by which radiation-
     exposed veterans and their next-of-kin may apply to receive 
     the Atomic Veterans Service Medal.

     SEC. 583. REVIEW OF WORLD WAR I VALOR MEDALS.

       (a) Review Required.--Each Secretary concerned shall review 
     the service records of each World War I veteran described in 
     subsection (b) under the jurisdiction of such Secretary who 
     is recommended for such review by the Valor Medals Review 
     Task Force referred to in subsection (c), or another veterans 
     service organization, in order to determine whether such 
     veteran should be awarded the Medal of Honor for valor during 
     World War I.
       (b) Covered World War I Veterans.--The World War I veterans 
     whose service records are to be reviewed under subsection (a) 
     are the following:
       (1) Any African American war veteran, Asian American war 
     veteran, Hispanic American war veteran, Jewish American war 
     veteran, or Native American war veteran who was awarded the 
     Distinguished Service Cross or the Navy Cross for an action 
     that occurred between April 6, 1917, and November 11, 1918.
       (2) Any African American war veteran, Asian American war 
     veteran, Hispanic American war veteran, Jewish American war 
     veteran, or Native American war veteran who was awarded the 
     Croix de Guerre with Palm (that is, awarded at the Army level 
     or above) by the Government of France for an action that 
     occurred between April 6, 1917, and November 11, 1918.
       (3) Any African American war veteran, Asian American war 
     veteran, Hispanic American war veteran, Jewish American war 
     veteran, or Native American war veteran who was recommended 
     for a Medal of Honor for an action that occurred from April 
     6, 1917, to November 11, 1918, if the Department of Defense 
     possesses or receives records relating to such 
     recommendation.
       (c) Consultations.--In carrying out the review under 
     subsection (a), each Secretary concerned may consult with the 
     Valor Medals Review Task Force, jointly established by the 
     United States Foundation for the Commemoration of the World 
     Wars (in consultation with the United States World War One 
     Centennial Commission) and the George S. Robb Centre for the 
     Study of the Great War, and with such other veterans service 
     organizations as such Secretary determines appropriate, until 
     the conclusion of the review.
       (d) Recommendation Based on Review.--If a Secretary 
     concerned determines, based upon the review under subsection 
     (a), that the award of the Medal of Honor to a covered World 
     War I veteran is warranted, such Secretary shall submit to 
     the President a recommendation that the President award the 
     Medal of Honor to that veteran.
       (e) Authority to Award Medal of Honor.--The Medal of Honor 
     may be awarded to a World War I veteran in accordance with a 
     recommendation of a Secretary concerned under subsection (d).
       (f) Waiver of Time Limitations.--An award of the Medal of 
     Honor may be made under subsection (e) without regard to--
       (1) section 7274 or 8298 of title 10, United States Code, 
     as applicable; and
       (2) any regulation or other administrative restriction on--
       (A) the time for awarding the Medal of Honor; or
       (B) the awarding of the Medal of Honor for service for 
     which a Distinguished Service Cross or Navy Cross has been 
     awarded.
       (g) Definitions.--
       (1) In general.--In this section:
       (A) African american war veteran.--The term ``African 
     American war veteran'' means

[[Page H5386]]

     any person who served in the United States Armed Forces 
     between April 6, 1917, and November 11, 1918, and who 
     identified himself as of African descent on his military 
     personnel records.
       (B) Asian american war veteran.--The term ``Asian American 
     war veteran'' means any person who served in the United 
     States Armed Forces between April 6, 1917, and November 11, 
     1918, and who identified himself racially, nationally, or 
     ethnically as originating from a country in Asia on his 
     military personnel records.
       (C) Hispanic american war veteran.--The term ``Hispanic 
     American war veteran'' means any person who served in the 
     United States Armed Forces between April 6, 1917, and 
     November 11, 1918, and who identified himself racially, 
     nationally, or ethnically as originating from a country where 
     Spanish is an official language on his military personnel 
     records.
       (D) Jewish american war veteran.--The term ``Jewish 
     American war veteran'' mean any person who served in the 
     United States Armed Forces between April 6, 1917, and 
     November 11, 1918, and who identified himself as Jewish on 
     his military personnel records.
       (E) Native american war veteran.--The term ``Native 
     American war veteran'' means any person who served in the 
     United States Armed Forces between April 6, 1917, and 
     November 11, 1918, and who identified himself as a member of 
     a federally recognized tribe within the modern territory of 
     the United States on his military personnel records.
       (F) Secretary concerned.--The term ``Secretary concerned'' 
     means--
       (i) the Secretary of the Army, in the case of members of 
     the Armed Forces who served in the Army between April 6, 
     1917, and November 11, 1918; and
       (ii) the Secretary of the Navy, in the case of members of 
     the Armed Forces who served in the Navy or the Marine Corps 
     between April 6, 1917, and November 11, 1918.
       (2) Application of definitions of origin.--If the military 
     personnel records of a person do not reflect the person's 
     membership in one of the groups identified in subparagraphs 
     (B) through (F) of paragraph (1) but historical evidence 
     exists that demonstrates the person's Jewish faith held at 
     the time of service, or that the person identified himself as 
     of African, Asian, Hispanic, or Native American descent, the 
     person may be treated as being a member of the applicable 
     group by the Secretary concerned (in consultation with the 
     organizations referred to in subsection (c)) for purposes of 
     this section.

          Subtitle J--Miscellaneous Reports and Other Matters

     SEC. 591. REPEAL OF QUARTERLY REPORT ON END STRENGTHS.

       Section 115(e) of title 10, United States Code, is amended 
     by striking paragraph (3).

     SEC. 592. REVISION OF WORKPLACE AND GENDER RELATIONS SURVEYS.

       (a) Surveys of Members of the Armed Forces.--Section 481(c) 
     of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
       (1) in the matter preceding paragraph (1), by inserting 
     ``unwanted sexual contact,'' after ``assault,'';
       (2) by redesignating paragraphs (3) through (5) as 
     paragraphs (4) through (6), respectively;
       (3) by inserting after paragraph (2), the following new 
     paragraph (3):
       ``(3) The specific types of unwanted sexual contact that 
     have occurred, and the number of times each respondent has 
     been subjected to unwanted sexual contact during the 
     preceding year.'';
       (4) in paragraph (5), as so redesignated, by striking ``and 
     assault'' and inserting ``assault, and unwanted sexual 
     contact'';
       (5) in paragraph (6), as so redesignated, by striking ``or 
     assault'' and inserting ``assault, or unwanted sexual 
     contact''.
       (b) Surveys of Civilian Employees of the Department of 
     Defense.--Section 481a of title 10, United States Code, is 
     amended--
       (1) in subsection (a)(1), by striking ``and 
     discrimination'' and inserting ``discrimination, and unwanted 
     sexual contact'';
       (2) in subsection (b)--
       (A) by redesignating paragraphs (3) through (5) as 
     paragraphs (4) through (6), respectively;
       (B) by inserting after paragraph (2) the following new 
     paragraph (3):
       ``(3) The specific types of unwanted sexual contact that 
     civilian employees of the Department were subjected to by 
     other personnel of the Department (including contractor 
     personnel), and the number of times each respondent has been 
     subjected to unwanted sexual contact during the preceding 
     fiscal year.'';
       (C) in paragraph (5), as so redesignated, by striking ``and 
     discrimination'' and inserting ``discrimination, and unwanted 
     sexual contact''; and
       (D) in paragraph (6), as so redesignated, by striking ``or 
     discrimination'' and inserting ``discrimination, or unwanted 
     sexual contact''.
       (c) Effective Date.--The amendments made by subsections (a) 
     and (b) shall take effect on the date of the enactment of 
     this Act and shall apply with respect to surveys under 
     sections 481 and 481a of title 10, United States Code, that 
     are initiated after such date.

     SEC. 593. MODIFICATION OF ELEMENTS OF REPORTS ON THE IMPROVED 
                   TRANSITION ASSISTANCE PROGRAM.

       Section 552(b)(4) of the John S. McCain National Defense 
     Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2019 (Public Law 115-232) 
     is amended--
       (1) by redesignating subparagraphs (A) through (D) as 
     subparagraphs (B) through (E), respectively;
       (2) by inserting before subparagraph (B), as redesignated 
     by paragraph (1), the following new subparagraph (A):
       ``(A) The total number of members eligible to attend 
     Transition Assistance Program counseling.''; and
       (3) by adding at the end the following new subparagraphs:
       ``(F) The number of members who participated in programs 
     under section 1143(e) of title 10, United States Code 
     (commonly referred to as `Job Training, Employment Skills, 
     Apprenticeships and Internships (JTEST-AI)' or `Skill 
     Bridge').
       ``(G) Such other information as is required to provide 
     Congress with a comprehensive description of the 
     participation of the members in the Transition Assistance 
     Program and programs described in subparagraph (F).''.

     SEC. 594. QUESTIONS IN WORKPLACE SURVEYS REGARDING 
                   SUPREMACIST, EXTREMIST, AND RACIST ACTIVITY.

       The Secretary of Defense shall include, in the workplace 
     and equal opportunity, command climate, and workplace and 
     gender relations surveys administered by the Office of People 
     Analytics of the Department of Defense, questions regarding 
     whether respondents have ever--
       (1) experienced or witnessed in the workplace--
       (A) supremacist activity;
       (B) extremist activity; or
       (C) racism; and
       (2) reported activity described in paragraph (1).

     SEC. 595. COMMAND MATTERS IN CONNECTION WITH TRANSITION 
                   ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS.

       (a) Inclusion of Support for Participation in Programs in 
     Command Climate Assessments.--Not later than 180 days after 
     the date of the enactment of this Act, each command climate 
     assessment for the commander of a military installation shall 
     include an assessment of the extent to which the commander 
     and other command personnel at the installation encourage and 
     support the participation in covered transition assistance 
     programs of members of the Armed Forces at the installation 
     who are eligible for participation in such programs.
       (b) Training on Programs.--The training provided a 
     commander of a military installation in connection with the 
     commencement of assignment to the installation shall include 
     a module on the covered transition assistance programs 
     available for members of the Armed Forces assigned to the 
     installation.
       (c) Covered Transition Assistance Programs Defined.--In 
     this section, the term ``covered transition assistance 
     programs'' means the following:
       (1) The Transition Assistance Program.
       (2) The programs under section 1143(e) of title 10, United 
     States Code (commonly referred to as ``Job Training, 
     Employment Skills, Apprenticeships and Internships (JTEST-
     AI)'' or ``Skill Bridge'').
       (3) Any program of apprenticeship, on-the-job-training, 
     internship, education, or transition assistance offered 
     (whether by public or private entities) in the vicinity of 
     the military installation concerned in which members of the 
     Armed Forces at the installation are eligible to participate.
       (4) Any other program of apprenticeship, on-the-job 
     training, internship, education, or transition assistance 
     specified by the Secretary of Defense for purposes of this 
     section.

     SEC. 596. EXPRESSING SUPPORT FOR THE DESIGNATION OF A ``GOLD 
                   STAR FAMILIES REMEMBRANCE DAY''.

       (a) Findings.--Congress finds the following:
       (1) March 2, 2020, marked the 91st anniversary of President 
     Calvin Coolidge signing an Act of Congress that approved and 
     funded the first Gold Star pilgrimage to enable Gold Star 
     families to travel to the gravesites of their loved ones who 
     died during World War I.
       (2) The members of the Armed Forces of the United States 
     bear the burden of protecting the freedom of the people of 
     the United States.
       (3) The sacrifices of the families of the fallen members of 
     the Armed Forces of the United States should never be 
     forgotten.
       (b) Sense of Congress.--It is the sense of Congress to--
       (1) support the designation of a ``Gold Star Families 
     Remembrance Day'';
       (2) honor and recognize the sacrifices made by the families 
     of members of the Armed Forces of the United States who gave 
     their lives to defend freedom and protect America; and
       (3) encourage the people of the United States to observe 
     ``Gold Star Families Remembrance Day'' by--
       (A) performing acts of service and good will in their 
     communities; and
       (B) celebrating the lives of those who have made the 
     ultimate sacrifice so that others could continue to enjoy 
     life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness.

          TITLE VI--COMPENSATION AND OTHER PERSONNEL BENEFITS

                     Subtitle A--Pay and Allowances

     SEC. 601. CLARIFICATION OF CONTINUATION OF PAYS DURING 
                   HOSPITALIZATION AND REHABILITATION RESULTING 
                   FROM WOUNDS, INJURY, OR ILLNESS INCURRED WHILE 
                   ON DUTY IN A HOSTILE FIRE AREA OR EXPOSED TO AN 
                   EVENT OF HOSTILE FIRE OR OTHER HOSTILE ACTION.

       Section 372(b)(1) of title 37, United States Code, is 
     amended to read as follows:
       ``(1) The date on which the member is returned for 
     assignment to other than a medical or patient unit for duty; 
     however, in the case of a member under the jurisdiction of a 
     Secretary of a military department, the date on which the 
     member is determined fit for duty.''.

     SEC. 602. BASIC NEEDS ALLOWANCE FOR LOW-INCOME REGULAR 
                   MEMBERS.

       (a) In General.--Chapter 7 of title 37, United States Code, 
     is amended by inserting after section 402a the following new 
     section:

     ``Sec. 402b. Basic needs allowance for low-income regular 
       members

       ``(a) Allowance Required.--(1) Subject to paragraph (2), 
     the Secretary of Defense shall

[[Page H5387]]

     pay to each covered member a basic needs allowance in the 
     amount determined for such member under subsection (b).
       ``(2) In the event a household contains two or more covered 
     members entitled to receive the allowance under this section 
     in a given year, only one allowance may be paid for that year 
     to a covered member among such covered members whom such 
     covered members shall jointly elect.
       ``(b) Amount of Allowance for a Covered Member.--(1) The 
     amount of the monthly allowance payable to a covered member 
     under subsection (a) for a year shall be the aggregate amount 
     equal to--
       ``(A) the aggregate amount equal to--
       ``(i) 130 percent of the Federal poverty guidelines of the 
     Department of Health and Human Services for the location and 
     number of persons in the household of the covered member for 
     such year; minus
       ``(ii) the gross household income of the covered member 
     during the preceding year; and
       ``(B) divided by 12.
       ``(2) The monthly allowance payable to a covered member for 
     a year shall be payable for each of the 12 months following 
     March of such year.
       ``(c) Notice of Eligibility.--(1)(A) Not later than 
     December 31 each year, the Director of the Defense Finance 
     and Accounting Service shall notify, in writing, each 
     individual whom the Director estimates will be a covered 
     member during the following year of the potential entitlement 
     of that individual to the allowance described in subsection 
     (a) for that following year.
       ``(B) The preliminary notice under subparagraph (A) shall 
     include information regarding financial management and 
     assistance programs administered by the Secretary of Defense 
     for which a covered member is eligible.
       ``(2) Not later than January 31 each year, each individual 
     who seeks to receive the allowance for such year (whether or 
     not subject to a notice for such year under paragraph (1)) 
     shall submit to the Director such information as the Director 
     shall require for purposes of this section in order to 
     determine whether or not such individual is a covered member 
     for such year.
       ``(3) Not later than February 28 each year, the Director 
     shall notify, in writing, each individual the Director 
     determines to be a covered member for such year.
       ``(d) Election Not To Receive Allowance.--(1) A covered 
     member otherwise entitled to receive the allowance under 
     subsection (a) for a year may elect, in writing, not to 
     receive the allowance for such year. Any election under this 
     subsection shall be effective only for the year for which 
     made. Any election for a year under this subsection is 
     irrevocable.
       ``(2) A covered member who does not submit information 
     described in subsection (d)(2) for a year as otherwise 
     required by that subsection shall be deemed to have elected 
     not to receive the allowance for such year.
       ``(e) Definitions.--In this section:
       ``(1) The term `covered member' means a regular member of 
     the Army, Navy, Marine Corps, or Air Force--
       ``(A) who has completed initial entry training;
       ``(B) whose gross household income during the most recent 
     year did not exceed an amount equal to 130 percent of the 
     Federal poverty guidelines of the Department of Health and 
     Human Services for the location and number of persons in the 
     household of the covered member for such year; and
       ``(C) who does not elect under subsection (d) not to 
     receive the allowance for such year.
       ``(2) The term `gross household income' of a covered member 
     for a year for purposes of paragraph (1)(B) does not include 
     any basic allowance for housing received by the covered 
     member (and any dependents of the covered member in the 
     household of the covered member) during such year under 
     section 403 of this title.
       ``(f) Regulations.--The Secretary of Defense shall 
     prescribe regulations for the administration of this section. 
     Subject to subsection (e)(2), such regulations shall specify 
     the income to be included in, and excluded from, the gross 
     household income of individuals for purposes of this 
     section.''.
       (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the 
     beginning of chapter 7 of such title is amended by inserting 
     after the item relating to section 402a the following new 
     item:

``402b. Basic needs allowance for low-income regular members.''.

     SEC. 603. TEMPORARY INCREASE OF RATES OF BASIC ALLOWANCE FOR 
                   HOUSING FOLLOWING DETERMINATION THAT LOCAL 
                   CIVILIAN HOUSING COSTS SIGNIFICANTLY EXCEED 
                   SUCH RATES.

       Section 403(b) of title 37, United States Code, is amended 
     by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
       ``(8)(A) The Secretary of Defense may prescribe a temporary 
     increase in the current rates of basic allowance for housing 
     for a military housing area or a portion thereof (in this 
     paragraph, `BAH rates') if the Secretary determines that the 
     actual costs of adequate housing for civilians in that 
     military housing area or portion thereof exceed the current 
     BAH rates by more than 20 percent.
       ``(B) Any temporary increase in BAH rates under this 
     paragraph shall remain in effect only until the effective 
     date of the first adjustment of BAH rates for the affected 
     military housing area that occurs after the date of the 
     increase under this paragraph.
       ``(C) This paragraph shall cease to be effective on 
     September 30, 2022.''.

     SEC. 604. BASIC ALLOWANCE FOR HOUSING FOR A MEMBER WITHOUT 
                   DEPENDENTS WHEN RELOCATION WOULD FINANCIALLY 
                   DISADVANTAGE THE MEMBER.

       Section 403(o) of title 37, United States Code, is 
     amended--
       (1) by inserting ``(1)'' before ``In''; and
       (2) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
       ``(2)(A) In the case of a member described in subparagraph 
     (B), the member may be treated for the purposes of this 
     section as if the unit to which the member is assigned did 
     not undergo a change of home port or a change of permanent 
     duty station if the Secretary concerned determines that it 
     would be inequitable to base the member's entitlement to, and 
     amount of, a basic allowance for housing on the new home port 
     or permanent duty station.
       ``(B) A member described in this subparagraph--
       ``(i) has no dependents;
       ``(ii) is assigned to a unit that undergoes a change of 
     home port or a change of permanent duty station; and
       ``(iii) is in receipt of orders to return to the previous 
     home port or duty station.''.

     SEC. 605. PARTIAL DISLOCATION ALLOWANCE.

       (a) Current Authority.--Section 477(f)(1) of title 37, 
     United States Code, is amended by striking ``family''.
       (b) Future Authority.--Section 452(c) of title 37, United 
     States Code, is amended--
       (1) by redesignating paragraph (3) as paragraph (4); and
       (2) by inserting after paragraph (2) the following new 
     paragraph (3):
       ``(3)(A) A partial dislocation allowance paid to a member 
     ordered to occupy or vacate housing provided by the United 
     States.
       ``(B) Beginning on January 1, 2022, the partial dislocation 
     allowance under subparagraph (A) shall, subject to 
     subparagraph (C), be equal in value to the allowance under 
     section 477(f) of this title on December 31, 2021, as 
     adjusted in regulations prescribed by the Secretary concerned 
     under the authority established by that section.
       ``(C) Effective on the same date in 2022 and any subsequent 
     year that the monthly rates of basic pay for all members are 
     increased under section 1009 of this title or another 
     provision of law, the Secretary of Defense shall adjust the 
     rate of the partial dislocation allowance under this 
     paragraph by the percentage equal to the average percentage 
     increase in the rates of basic pay.''.

     SEC. 606. INCREASE IN BASIC PAY.

       Effective on January 1, 2020, the rates of monthly basic 
     pay for members of the uniformed services are increased by 
     3.1 percent.

             Subtitle B--Bonuses and Special Incentive Pays

     SEC. 611. ONE-YEAR EXTENSION OF CERTAIN EXPIRING BONUS AND 
                   SPECIAL PAY AUTHORITIES.

       (a) Authorities Relating to Reserve Forces.--Section 910(g) 
     of title 37, United States Code, relating to income 
     replacement payments for reserve component members 
     experiencing extended and frequent mobilization for active 
     duty service, is amended by striking ``December 31, 2019'' 
     and inserting ``December 31, 2020''.
       (b) Title 10 Authorities Relating to Health Care 
     Professionals.--The following sections of title 10, United 
     States Code, are amended by striking ``December 31, 2019'' 
     and inserting ``December 31, 2020'':
       (1) Section 2130a(a)(1), relating to nurse officer 
     candidate accession program.
       (2) Section 16302(d), relating to repayment of education 
     loans for certain health professionals who serve in the 
     Selected Reserve.
       (c) Authorities Relating to Nuclear Officers.--Section 
     333(i) of title 37, United States Code, is amended by 
     striking ``December 31, 2019'' and inserting ``December 31, 
     2020''.
       (d) Authorities Relating to Title 37 Consolidated Special 
     Pay, Incentive Pay, and Bonus Authorities.--The following 
     sections of title 37, United States Code, are amended by 
     striking ``December 31, 2019'' and inserting ``December 31, 
     2020'':
       (1) Section 331(h), relating to general bonus authority for 
     enlisted members.
       (2) Section 332(g), relating to general bonus authority for 
     officers.
       (3) Section 334(i), relating to special aviation incentive 
     pay and bonus authorities for officers.
       (4) Section 335(k), relating to special bonus and incentive 
     pay authorities for officers in health professions.
       (5) Section 336(g), relating to contracting bonus for 
     cadets and midshipmen enrolled in the Senior Reserve 
     Officers' Training Corps.
       (6) Section 351(h), relating to hazardous duty pay.
       (7) Section 352(g), relating to assignment pay or special 
     duty pay.
       (8) Section 353(i), relating to skill incentive pay or 
     proficiency bonus.
       (9) Section 355(h), relating to retention incentives for 
     members qualified in critical military skills or assigned to 
     high priority units.
       (e) Authority to Provide Temporary Increase in Rates of 
     Basic Allowance for Housing.--Section 403(b)(7)(E) of title 
     37, United States Code, is amended by striking ``December 31, 
     2019'' and inserting ``December 31, 2020''.

                Subtitle C--Family and Survivor Benefits

     SEC. 621. PAYMENT OF TRANSITIONAL COMPENSATION FOR CERTAIN 
                   DEPENDENTS.

       Section 1059(m) of title 10, United States Code, is 
     amended--
       (1) in the subsection heading, by inserting ``Members or'' 
     after ``Dependents of'';
       (2) by inserting ``member or'' before ``former member'' 
     each place it appears; and
       (3) by amending paragraph (3) to read as follows:
       ``(3) For the purposes of this subsection, a member is 
     considered separated from active duty upon the earliest of--
       ``(A) the date an administrative separation is initiated by 
     a commander of the member;
       ``(B) the date the court-martial sentence is adjudged if 
     the sentence, as adjudged, includes a

[[Page H5388]]

     dismissal, dishonorable discharge, bad conduct discharge, or 
     forfeiture of all pay and allowances; or
       ``(C) the date the member's term of service expires.''.

     SECTION 622. DEATH GRATUITY FOR ROTC GRADUATES.

       (a) In General.--Section 1475(a)(4) of title 10, United 
     States Code, is amended by adding ``; or a graduate of a 
     reserve officers' training corps who has yet to receive a 
     first duty assignment; or'' at the end.
       (b) Effective Date.--The amendment under subsection (a) 
     applies to deaths that occur on or after the date of the 
     enactment of this Act.

     SEC. 623. CONTINUED ELIGIBILITY FOR EDUCATION AND TRAINING 
                   OPPORTUNITIES FOR SPOUSES OF PROMOTED MEMBERS.

       Section 1784a(b) of title 10, United States Code, is 
     amended--
       (1) by inserting ``(1)'' before ``Assistance''; and
       (2) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
       ``(2) A spouse who is eligible for a program under this 
     section and begins a course of education or training for a 
     degree, license, or credential described in subsection (a) 
     may not become ineligible to complete such course of 
     education or training solely because the member to whom the 
     spouse is married is promoted to a higher grade.''.

     SEC. 624. OCCUPATIONAL IMPROVEMENTS FOR RELOCATED SPOUSES OF 
                   MEMBERS OF THE UNIFORMED SERVICES.

       (a) Improvement of Occupational License Portability for 
     Military Spouses Through Interstate Compacts.--Section 1784 
     of title 10, United States Code, is amended by adding at the 
     end the following new subsection:
       ``(h) Improvement of Occupational License Portability 
     Through Interstate Compacts.--
       ``(1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense may enter into 
     a cooperative agreement with the Council of State Governments 
     to assist with funding of the development of interstate 
     compacts on licensed occupations in order to alleviate the 
     burden associated with relicensing in such an occupation by 
     spouse of a members of the armed forces in connection with a 
     permanent change of duty station of members to another State.
       ``(2) Limitation.--The amount provided under paragraph (1) 
     as assistance for the development of any particular 
     interstate compact may not exceed $1,000,000.
       ``(3) Annual report.--Not later than February 28 each year, 
     the Secretary shall submit to the Committees on Armed 
     Services of the Senate and the House of Representatives a 
     report on interstate compacts described in paragraph (1) 
     developed through assistance provided under that paragraph. 
     Each report shall set forth the following:
       ``(A) Any interstate compact developed during the preceding 
     calendar year, including the occupational licenses covered by 
     such compact and the States agreeing to enter into such 
     compact.
       ``(B) Any interstate compact developed during a prior 
     calendar year into which one or more additional States agreed 
     to enter during the preceding calendar year.
       ``(4) Expiration.--The authority to enter into a 
     cooperative agreement under paragraph (1), and to provide 
     assistance described in that paragraph pursuant to such 
     cooperative agreement, shall expire on September 30, 2024.''.
       (b) Guarantee of Residency for Registration of Businesses 
     of Spouses of Members of Uniformed Services.--
       (1) In general.--Title VI of the Servicemembers Civil 
     Relief Act (50 U.S.C. 4021 et seq.) is amended by adding at 
     the end the following new section:

     ``SEC. 707. GUARANTEE OF RESIDENCY FOR BUSINESSES OF SPOUSES 
                   OF SERVICEMEMBERS.

       ``For the purposes of registering a business--
       ``(1) a person who is absent from a State because the 
     person is accompanying the person's spouse who is absent from 
     that same State in compliance with military or naval orders 
     shall not, solely by reason of that absence--
       ``(A) be deemed to have lost a residence or domicile in 
     that State, without regard to whether or not the person 
     intends to return to that State;
       ``(B) be deemed to have acquired a residence or domicile in 
     any other State; or
       ``(C) be deemed to have become a resident in or a resident 
     of any other State; and
       ``(2) the spouse of a servicemember may elect to use the 
     same residence as the servicemember regardless of the date on 
     which the marriage of the spouse and the servicemember 
     occurred.''.
       (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of contents in section 
     1(b) of such Act is amended by inserting after the item 
     relating to section 706 the following new item:

``Sec. 707. Guarantee of residency for businesses of spouses of 
              servicemembers.''.

     SEC. 625. EXPANSION OF AUTHORITY TO PROVIDE FINANCIAL 
                   ASSISTANCE TO CIVILIAN PROVIDERS OF CHILD CARE 
                   SERVICES OR YOUTH PROGRAM SERVICES WHO PROVIDE 
                   SUCH SERVICES TO SURVIVORS OF MEMBERS OF THE 
                   ARMED FORCES WHO DIE IN LINE OF DUTY.

       Section 1798(a) of title 10, United States Code, is amended 
     by inserting ``, survivors of members of the armed forces who 
     die in line of duty while on active duty, active duty for 
     training, or inactive duty for training,'' after ``armed 
     forces''.

     SEC. 626. SPACE-AVAILABLE TRAVEL ON MILITARY AIRCRAFT FOR 
                   CHILDREN AND SURVIVING SPOUSES OF MEMBERS WHO 
                   DIE OF HOSTILE ACTION OR TRAINING DUTY.

       Section 2641b(c) of title 10, United States Code, is 
     amended--
       (1) by redesignating paragraph (6) as paragraph (7); and
       (2) by inserting after paragraph (5) the following new 
     paragraph (6):
       ``(6) Children (as described by section 1072(2)(D) or 
     section 1110b(b) of this title, as the case may be) and 
     surviving spouses of members of the armed forces who die as a 
     result of hostile action or training duty.''.

     SEC. 627. CONSIDERATION OF SERVICE ON ACTIVE DUTY TO REDUCE 
                   AGE OF ELIGIBILITY FOR RETIRED PAY FOR NON-
                   REGULAR SERVICE.

       Section 12731(f)(2)(B)(i) of title 10, United States Code, 
     is amended by striking ``under a provision of law referred to 
     in section 101(a)(13)(B) or under section 12301(d)'' and 
     inserting ``under section 12301(d) or 12304b of this title, 
     or under a provision of law referred to in section 
     101(a)(13)(B)''.

     SEC. 628. MODIFICATION TO AUTHORITY TO REIMBURSE FOR STATE 
                   LICENSURE AND CERTIFICATION COSTS OF A SPOUSE 
                   OF A MEMBER ARISING FROM RELOCATION.

       Section 476(p) of title 37, United States Code, is 
     amended--
       (1) in paragraph (1), by striking ``armed forces'' and 
     inserting ``uniformed services'';
       (2) in paragraph (2), by striking ``$500'' and inserting 
     ``$1,000'';
       (3) in paragraph (3)--
       (A) in subparagraph (A), by striking ``and'';
       (B) in subparagraph (B), by striking the period and 
     inserting ``; and''; and
       (C) by adding at the end the following new subparagraph:
       ``(C) an analysis of whether the maximum reimbursement 
     amount under paragraph (2) is sufficient to cover the average 
     costs of relicensing described in paragraph (1).''; and
       (4) in paragraph (4), by striking ``December 31, 2022'' and 
     inserting ``December 31, 2024''.

     SEC. 629. IMPROVEMENTS TO CHILD CARE FOR MEMBERS OF THE ARMED 
                   FORCES.

       (a) Expansion of Authority to Provide Financial Assistance 
     to Civilian Providers of Child Care Services or Youth Program 
     Services Who Provide Such Services to Survivors of Members of 
     the Armed Forces Who Die in the Line of Duty.--Section 
     1798(a) of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
     inserting ``, survivors of members of the armed forces who 
     die in the line of duty while on active military, naval, or 
     air service (as that term is defined in section 101 of title 
     38),'' after ``armed forces''.
       (b) Expansion of Direct Hiring Authority for Child Care 
     Service Providers.--Section 559 of the National Defense 
     Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2018 (Public Law 115-91; 10 
     U.S.C. 1792 note) is amended--
       (1) in the section heading, by striking ``for department 
     child development centers'';
       (2) in subsection (a)(1), by striking for ``Department of 
     Defense child development centers'' and inserting ``for the 
     Department of Defense''; and
       (3) in subsection (e), by striking ``in child development 
     centers''.
       (c) Assessment of Financial Assistance Provided to Civilian 
     Child Care Providers.--
       (1) Assessment.--The Secretary of Defense shall assess the 
     maximum amount of financial assistance provided to eligible 
     civilian providers of child care services or youth program 
     services that furnish such service for members of the armed 
     forces and employees of the United States under section 1798 
     of title 10, United States Code, as amended by subsection 
     (a). Such assessment shall include the following:
       (A) The determination of the Secretary whether the maximum 
     allowable financial assistance should be standardized across 
     the Armed Forces.
       (B) Whether the maximum allowable amount adequately 
     accounts for high-cost duty stations.
       (2) Report.--No later than June 1, 2020, the Secretary of 
     Defense shall submit a report to the Committees on Armed 
     Services of the Senate and the House of Representatives 
     regarding the results of the assessment under paragraph (1) 
     and any actions taken by the Secretary to remedy identified 
     shortfalls in assistance described in that paragraph.
       (d) Assessment of Child Care Capacity on Military 
     Installations.--
       (1) Assessment.--The Secretary of Defense shall assess the 
     capacity for child care at all military installations to 
     ensure that members of the Armed Forces have meaningful 
     access to child care during tours of duty.
       (2) Remedial action.--The Secretary of Defense shall take 
     steps the Secretary determines necessary to alleviate the 
     waiting lists for child care described in paragraph (1).
       (3) Report.--Not later than June 1, 2020, the Secretary of 
     Defense shall provide a report to the Committees on Armed 
     Forces of the Senate and the House of Representative 
     regarding--
       (A) the assessment under paragraph (1);
       (B) action taken under paragraph (2); and
       (C) any additional resources (including additional funding 
     for and child care facilities and workers) the Secretary 
     determines necessary to increase access described in 
     paragraph (1).
       (e) Assessment of Accessibility of Websites of the 
     Department of Defense Related to Child Care and Spousal 
     Employment.--
       (1) Assessment.--The Secretary of Defense shall review the 
     functions and accessibility of websites of the Department of 
     Defense designed for members of the Armed Forces and the 
     families of such members to access information and services 
     offered by the Department regarding child care, spousal 
     employment, and other family matters.
       (2) Report.--Not later than March 1, 2020, the Secretary of 
     Defense shall provide a briefing to the Committees on Armed 
     Services of the Senate and the House of Representatives 
     regarding the results of the assessment under paragraph (1) 
     and actions taken to enhance accessibility of the websites.

[[Page H5389]]

       (f) Portability of Background Investigations for Child Care 
     Providers.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
     enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall ensure 
     that the background investigation and training certification 
     for a child care provider employed by the Department of 
     Defense in a facility of the Department may be transferred to 
     another facility of the Department, without regard to which 
     Secretary of a military department has jurisdiction over 
     either such facility.

     SEC. 630. CASUALTY ASSISTANCE FOR SURVIVORS OF DECEASED ROTC 
                   GRADUATES.

       Section 633 of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
     Fiscal Year 2014 (10 U.S.C. 1475 note) is amended by adding 
     at the end the following new subsection:
       ``(c) ROTC Graduates.--
       ``(1) Treated as members.--For purposes of this section, a 
     graduate of a reserve officers' training corps who dies 
     before receiving a first duty assignment shall be treated as 
     a member of the Armed Forces who dies while on active duty.
       ``(2) Effective date.--This subsection applies to deaths on 
     or after the date of the enactment of the National Defense 
     Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2020.''.

     SEC. 630A. REPEAL OF REQUIREMENT OF REDUCTION OF SURVIVOR 
                   BENEFIT PLAN SURVIVOR ANNUITIES BY AMOUNT OF 
                   DEPENDENCY AND INDEMNITY COMPENSATION.

       (a) Repeal.--
       (1) Repeal.--Subchapter II of chapter 73 of title 10, 
     United States Code, is amended as follows:
       (A) In section 1450, by striking subsection (c).
       (B) In section 1451(c)--
       (i) by striking paragraph (2); and
       (ii) by redesignating paragraphs (3) and (4) as paragraphs 
     (2) and (3), respectively.
       (2) Conforming amendments.--Such subchapter is further 
     amended as follows:
       (A) In section 1450--
       (i) by striking subsection (e); and
       (ii) by striking subsection (k).
       (B) In section 1451(g)(1), by striking subparagraph (C).
       (C) In section 1452--
       (i) in subsection (f)(2), by striking ``does not apply--'' 
     and all that follows and inserting ``does not apply in the 
     case of a deduction made through administrative error.''; and
       (ii) by striking subsection (g).
       (D) In section 1455(c), by striking ``, 1450(k)(2),''.
       (b) Prohibition on Retroactive Benefits.--No benefits may 
     be paid to any person for any period before the effective 
     date provided under subsection (f) by reason of the 
     amendments made by subsection (a).
       (c) Prohibition on Recoupment of Certain Amounts Previously 
     Refunded to SBP Recipients.--A surviving spouse who is or has 
     been in receipt of an annuity under the Survivor Benefit Plan 
     under subchapter II of chapter 73 of title 10, United States 
     Code, that is in effect before the effective date provided 
     under subsection (f) and that is adjusted by reason of the 
     amendments made by subsection (a) and who has received a 
     refund of retired pay under section 1450(e) of title 10, 
     United States Code, shall not be required to repay such 
     refund to the United States.
       (d) Repeal of Authority for Optional Annuity for Dependent 
     Children.--Section 1448(d)(2) of such title is amended--
       (1) by striking ``Dependent children.--'' and all that 
     follows through ``In the case of a member described in 
     paragraph (1),'' and inserting ``Dependent children.--In the 
     case of a member described in paragraph (1),''; and
       (2) by striking subparagraph (B).
       (e) Restoration of Eligibility for Previously Eligible 
     Spouses.--The Secretary of the military department concerned 
     shall restore annuity eligibility to any eligible surviving 
     spouse who, in consultation with the Secretary, previously 
     elected to transfer payment of such annuity to a surviving 
     child or children under the provisions of section 
     1448(d)(2)(B) of title 10, United States Code, as in effect 
     on the day before the effective date provided under 
     subsection (f). Such eligibility shall be restored whether or 
     not payment to such child or children subsequently was 
     terminated due to loss of dependent status or death. For the 
     purposes of this subsection, an eligible spouse includes a 
     spouse who was previously eligible for payment of such 
     annuity and is not remarried, or remarried after having 
     attained age 55, or whose second or subsequent marriage has 
     been terminated by death, divorce or annulment.
       (f) Effective Date.--This section and the amendments made 
     by this section shall take effect on the later of--
       (1) October 1, 2019; and
       (2) the first day of the first month that begins after the 
     date of the enactment of this Act.

                   Subtitle D--Defense Resale Matters

     SEC. 631. GAO REVIEW OF DEFENSE RESALE OPTIMIZATION STUDY.

       (a) Review.--The Comptroller General of the United States 
     shall conduct a review of the business case analysis 
     performed as part of the defense resale optimization study 
     conducted by the Reform Management Group, titled ``Study to 
     Determine the Feasibility of Consolidation of the Defense 
     Resale Entities'' and dated December 4, 2018.
       (b) Report Required; Elements.--Not later than April 1, 
     2020, the Comptroller General shall submit to the Committees 
     on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of 
     Representatives a report regarding the review performed under 
     this section. The report shall include evaluations of the 
     following:
       (1) The descriptions and justifications for the 
     assumptions, analytical choices and data used by the Reform 
     Management Group to calculate:
       (A) Pricing.
       (B) Sales assumptions.
       (C) Accuracy of methods employed to measure patron savings 
     levels.
       (2) The timetable for consolidation of military exchanges 
     and commissaries.
       (3) The recommendations for consolidation developed as part 
     of the business case analysis, including the overall cost of 
     consolidation.
       (4) The budget and oversight implications of merging non-
     appropriated funds and appropriated funds to implement the 
     recommended reforms.
       (5) The extent to which the Reform Management Group 
     coordinated with the Secretaries of the military departments 
     and the chiefs of the Armed Forces in preparing the study.
       (6) The extent to which the Reform Management Group 
     addressed concerns of the Secretaries of the military 
     departments and the chiefs of the Armed Forces in the study.
       (7) If the recommendations in the business case analysis 
     were implemented--
       (A) the ability of military exchanges and commissaries to 
     provide earnings to support on-base morale, welfare, and 
     recreation programs; and
       (B) the financial viability of the military exchanges and 
     commissaries.
       (c) Delay on Consolidation.--The Secretary of Defense may 
     not take any action to consolidate military exchanges and 
     commissaries until the Committees on Armed Services of the 
     Senate and the House of Representatives notify the Secretary 
     in writing of receipt and acceptance of the findings of the 
     Comptroller General in the report required under this 
     section.

                   TITLE VII--HEALTH CARE PROVISIONS

           Subtitle A--TRICARE and Other Health Care Benefits

     SEC. 701. CONTRACEPTION COVERAGE PARITY UNDER THE TRICARE 
                   PROGRAM.

       (a) In General.--Section 1074d of title 10, United States 
     Code, is amended--
       (1) in subsection (a), by inserting ``for Members and 
     Former Members'' after ``Services Available'';
       (2) by redesignating subsection (b) as subsection (d); and
       (3) by inserting after subsection (a) the following new 
     subsections:
       ``(b) Care Related to Prevention of Pregnancy.--Female 
     covered beneficiaries shall be entitled to care related to 
     the prevention of pregnancy described by subsection (d)(3).
       ``(c) Prohibition on Cost Sharing for Certain Services.--
     Notwithstanding section 1074g(a)(6), section 1075, or section 
     1075a of this title, or any other provision of law, cost 
     sharing may not be imposed or collected for care related to 
     the prevention of pregnancy provided pursuant to subsection 
     (a) or (b), including for any method of contraception 
     provided, whether provided through a facility of the 
     uniformed services, the TRICARE retail pharmacy program, or 
     the national mail-order pharmacy program.''.
       (b) Conforming Amendment.--Section 1077(a)(13) of such 
     title is amended by striking ``section 1074d(b)'' and 
     inserting ``section 1074d(d)''.

     SEC. 702. PREGNANCY PREVENTION ASSISTANCE AT MILITARY MEDICAL 
                   TREATMENT FACILITIES FOR SEXUAL ASSAULT 
                   SURVIVORS.

       (a) In General.--Chapter 55 of title 10, United States 
     Code, is amended by inserting after section 1074o the 
     following new section:

     ``Sec. 1074p. Provision of pregnancy prevention assistance at 
       military medical treatment facilities

       ``(a) Information and Assistance.--The Secretary of Defense 
     shall promptly furnish to sexual assault survivors at each 
     military medical treatment facility the following:
       ``(1) Comprehensive, medically and factually accurate, and 
     unbiased written and oral information about all methods of 
     emergency contraception approved by the Food and Drug 
     Administration.
       ``(2) Notification of the right of the sexual assault 
     survivor to confidentiality with respect to the information 
     and care and services furnished under this section.
       ``(3) Upon request by the sexual assault survivor, 
     emergency contraception or, if applicable, a prescription for 
     emergency contraception.
       ``(b) Information.--The Secretary shall ensure that 
     information provided pursuant to subsection (a) is provided 
     in language that--
       ``(1) is clear and concise;
       ``(2) is readily comprehensible; and
       ``(3) meets such conditions (including conditions regarding 
     the provision of information in languages other than English) 
     as the Secretary may prescribe in regulations to carry out 
     this section.
       ``(c) Definitions.--In this section:
       ``(1) The term `sexual assault survivor' means any 
     individual who presents at a military medical treatment 
     facility and--
       ``(A) states to personnel of the facility that the 
     individual experienced a sexual assault;
       ``(B) is accompanied by another person who states that the 
     individual experienced a sexual assault; or
       ``(C) whom the personnel of the facility reasonably 
     believes to be a survivor of sexual assault.
       ``(2) The term `sexual assault' means the conduct described 
     in section 1565b(c) of this title that may result in 
     pregnancy.''.
       (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the 
     beginning of such chapter is amended by inserting after the 
     item relating to section 1074o the following new item:

``1074p. Provision of pregnancy prevention assistance at military 
              medical treatment facilities.''.

     SEC. 703. MODIFICATION OF ELIGIBILITY FOR TRICARE RESERVE 
                   SELECT FOR CERTAIN MEMBERS OF THE SELECTED 
                   RESERVE.

       Section 1076d(a)(2) of title 10, United States Code, is 
     amended by striking ``Paragraph (1)

[[Page H5390]]

     does not apply'' and inserting ``During the period preceding 
     January 1, 2030, paragraph (1) does not apply''.

     SEC. 704. LEAD LEVEL SCREENINGS AND TESTINGS FOR CHILDREN.

       (a) TRICARE.--
       (1) Well-baby care.--Section 1077 of title 10, United 
     States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following 
     new subsection:
       ``(i)(1) Beginning January 1, 2020, in furnishing well-baby 
     care under subsection (a)(8), the Secretary shall ensure that 
     the following care is made available:
       ``(A) With respect to a child who lives in housing built 
     before 1978 at any time during the first 24 months of the 
     life of the child--
       ``(i) the first testing of the child for the level of lead 
     in the blood of the child at approximately the age of 12 
     months; and
       ``(ii) the second such test at approximately the age of 24 
     months.
       ``(B) With respect to a child not covered by subparagraph 
     (A) whose parent or guardian, at any time during the first 24 
     months of the life of the child, has a military occupational 
     specialty that the Secretary determines poses an elevated 
     risk of lead exposure--
       ``(i) the first testing of the child for the level of lead 
     in the blood of the child at approximately the age of 12 
     months; and
       ``(ii) the second such test at approximately the age of 24 
     months.
       ``(C) With respect to a child not covered by subparagraph 
     (A) or (B)--
       ``(i) the first screening of the child for an elevated risk 
     of lead exposure at approximately the age of 12 months; and
       ``(ii) the second such screening at approximately the age 
     of 24 months.
       ``(D) With respect to a child covered by subparagraph (C) 
     whose screening indicates an elevated risk of lead exposure, 
     testing of the child for the level of lead in the blood of 
     the child.
       ``(2) The Secretary shall ensure that any care provided to 
     a child pursuant to this chapter for lead poisoning, 
     including the care under paragraph (1), is carried out in 
     accordance with applicable advice from the Centers for 
     Disease Control and Prevention.
       ``(3)(A) With respect to a child who receives a test under 
     paragraph (1), the Secretary shall provide the results of the 
     test to the parent or guardian of the child.
       ``(B) With respect to a child who receives a test under 
     paragraph (1), the Secretary shall provide the results of the 
     test and the address at which the child resides to--
       ``(i) the relevant health department of the State in which 
     the child resides if the child resides in the United States; 
     or
       ``(ii) the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention if 
     the child resides outside the United States.
       ``(C) In providing information regarding a child to a State 
     or the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention under 
     subparagraph (B), the Secretary may not provide any 
     identifying information or health information of the child 
     that is not specifically authorized in such subparagraph.
       ``(D) In this paragraph, the term `State' means each of the 
     several States, the District of Columbia, the Commonwealth of 
     Puerto Rico, and any territory or possession of the United 
     States.''.
       (2) Conforming amendment.--Subsection (a)(8) of such 
     section is amended by striking ``including well-baby care 
     that includes one screening of an infant for the level of 
     lead in the blood of the infant'' and inserting ``including, 
     in accordance with subsection (i), well-baby care that 
     includes screenings and testings for lead exposure and lead 
     poisoning''.
       (3) Study.--Not later than January 1, 2021, the Secretary 
     of Defense shall submit to the congressional defense 
     committees a report detailing the following:
       (A) The number of children who were tested for the level of 
     lead in the blood of the child pursuant to subparagraph (A) 
     of subsection (i)(1) of section 1077 of title 10, United 
     States Code, as added by paragraph (1), and of such number, 
     the number who were found to have elevated blood lead levels.
       (B) The number of children who were tested for the level of 
     lead in the blood of the child pursuant to subparagraph (B) 
     of such subsection (i)(1), and of such number, the number who 
     were found to have lead poisoning.
       (C) The number of children who were screened for an 
     elevated risk of lead exposure pursuant to subparagraph (C) 
     of such subsection (i)(1).
       (D) The number of children who were tested for the level of 
     lead in the blood of the child pursuant to subparagraph (D) 
     of such subsection, and of such number, the number who were 
     found to have elevated blood lead levels.
       (E) The treatment provided to children pursuant to chapter 
     55 of title 10, United States Code, for lead poisoning.
       (4) GAO report.--Not later than January 1, 2022, the 
     Comptroller General of the United States shall submit to the 
     congressional defense committees a report on the 
     effectiveness of screening, testing, and treating children 
     for lead exposure and lead poisoning pursuant to chapter 55 
     of title 10, United States Code.
       (b) Notification of Housing.--Section 403 of title 37, 
     United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the 
     following new subsection:
       ``(p) Records Regarding Housing and Lead-Based Paint.--(1) 
     The Secretary concerned shall keep a record of whether the 
     following housing was built before, during, or after 1978:
       ``(A) Quarters of the United States under the jurisdiction 
     of that Secretary concerned.
       ``(B) A housing facility under the jurisdiction of that 
     Secretary concerned.
       ``(C) Other housing in which a member of the uniformed 
     service of that Secretary concerned resides.
       ``(2) As a condition of receipt of a basic allowance for 
     housing under this section, a member of the uniformed 
     services shall notify the Secretary concerned whether the 
     housing in which that member resides was built before, 
     during, or after 1978.''.

     SEC. 705. EXPOSURE TO OPEN BURN PITS AND TOXIC AIRBORNE 
                   CHEMICALS OR OTHER AIRBORNE CONTAMINANTS AS 
                   PART OF PERIODIC HEALTH ASSESSMENTS AND OTHER 
                   PHYSICAL EXAMINATIONS.

       (a) Periodic Health Assessment.--The Secretary of Defense 
     shall ensure that any periodic health assessment provided to 
     members of the Armed Forces includes an evaluation of whether 
     the member has been--
       (1) based or stationed at a location where an open burn pit 
     was used; or
       (2) exposed to toxic airborne chemicals or other airborne 
     contaminants, including any information recorded as part of 
     the Airborne Hazards and Open Burn Pit Registry.
       (b) Separation History and Physical Examinations.--Section 
     1145(a)(5) of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
     adding at the end the following new subparagraph:
       ``(C) The Secretary concerned shall ensure that each 
     physical examination of a member under subparagraph (A) 
     includes an assessment of whether the member was--
       ``(i) based or stationed at a location where an open burn 
     pit, as defined in subsection (c) of section 201 of the 
     Dignified Burial and Other Veterans' Benefits Improvement Act 
     of 2012 (Public Law 112-260; 38 U.S.C. 527 note), was used; 
     or
       ``(ii) exposed to toxic airborne chemicals or other 
     airborne contaminants, including any information recorded as 
     part of the registry established by the Secretary of Veterans 
     Affairs under such section 201.''.
       (c) Deployment Assessments.--Section 1074f(b)(2) of title 
     10, United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the 
     following new subparagraph:
       ``(D) An assessment of whether the member was--
       ``(i) based or stationed at a location where an open burn 
     pit, as defined in subsection (c) of section 201 of the 
     Dignified Burial and Other Veterans' Benefits Improvement Act 
     of 2012 (Public Law 112-260; 38 U.S.C. 527 note), was used; 
     or
       ``(ii) exposed to toxic airborne chemicals or other 
     airborne contaminants, including any information recorded as 
     part of the registry established by the Secretary of Veterans 
     Affairs under such section 201.''.
       (d) Sharing of Information.--
       (1) DOD-VA.--The Secretary of Defense and the Secretary of 
     Veterans Affairs shall jointly enter into a memorandum of 
     understanding providing for the sharing by the Department of 
     Defense with the Department of Veterans Affairs of the 
     results of covered evaluations regarding the exposure by a 
     member of the Armed Forces to toxic airborne chemicals or 
     other airborne contaminants.
       (2) Registry.--If a covered evaluation of a member of the 
     Armed Forces establishes that the member was based or 
     stationed at a location where an open burn pit was used or 
     that the member was exposed to toxic airborne chemicals or 
     other airborne contaminants, the member shall be enrolled in 
     the Airborne Hazards and Open Burn Pit Registry unless the 
     member elects to not so enroll.
       (e) Rule of Construction.--Nothing in this section may be 
     construed to preclude eligibility for benefits under the laws 
     administered by the Secretary of Veterans Affairs by reason 
     of the open burn pit exposure history of a veteran not being 
     recorded in a covered evaluation.
       (f) Definitions.--In this section:
       (1) The term ``Airborne Hazards and Open Burn Pit 
     Registry'' means the registry established by the Secretary of 
     Veterans Affairs under section 201 of the Dignified Burial 
     and Other Veterans' Benefits Improvement Act of 2012 (Public 
     Law 112-260; 38 U.S.C. 527 note).
       (2) The term ``covered evaluation'' means--
       (A) a periodic health assessment conducted in accordance 
     with subsection (a);
       (B) a separation history and physical examination conducted 
     under section 1145(a)(5) of title 10, United States Code, as 
     amended by this section; and
       (C) a deployment assessment conducted under section 
     1074f(b)(2) of such title, as amended by this section.
       (3) The term ``open burn pit'' has the meaning given that 
     term in section 201(c) of the Dignified Burial and Other 
     Veterans' Benefits Improvement Act of 2012 (Public Law 112-
     260; 38 U.S.C. 527 note).

     SEC. 706. ENHANCEMENT OF RECORDKEEPING AND POSTDEPLOYMENT 
                   MEDICAL ASSESSMENT REQUIREMENTS RELATED TO 
                   OCCUPATIONAL AND ENVIRONMENTAL HAZARD EXPOSURE 
                   DURING DEPLOYMENT.

       (a) Recording of Occupational and Environmental Health 
     Risks in Deployment Area.--
       (1) Elements of medical tracking system.--Subsection 
     (b)(1)(A) of section 1074f of title 10, United States Code, 
     is amended--
       (A) in clause (ii), by striking ``and'' at the end;
       (B) in clause (iii), by striking the period at the end and 
     inserting ``; and''; and
       (C) by adding at the end the following new clause:
       ``(iv) accurately record any exposure to occupational and 
     environmental health risks during the course of their 
     deployment.''.
       (2) Recordkeeping.--Subsection (c) of such section is 
     amended by inserting after ``deployment area'' the following: 
     ``(including the results of any assessment performed by the 
     Secretary of occupational and environmental health risks for 
     such area)''.
       (3) Effective date.--The amendments made by this subsection 
     shall take effect on the date of the enactment of this Act.

[[Page H5391]]

       (b) Integration of Burn Pit Registry Information Into 
     Electronic Health Records.--
       (1) Updates to electronic health records.--Beginning not 
     later than one year after the date of the enactment of this 
     Act--
       (A) the Secretary of Defense shall ensure that the 
     electronic health record maintained by such Secretary of a 
     member of the Armed Forces registered with the burn pit 
     registry is updated with any information contained in such 
     registry; and
       (B) the Secretary of Veterans Affairs shall ensure that the 
     electronic health record maintained by such Secretary of a 
     veteran registered with the burn pit registry is updated with 
     any information contained in such registry.
       (2) Burn pit registry defined.--In this subsection, the 
     term ``burn pit registry'' means the registry established 
     under section 201 of the Dignified Burial and Other Veterans' 
     Improvements Act of 2012 (Public Law 112-260; 38 U.S.C. 527 
     note).
       (c) Postdeployment Medical Examination and Reassessments.--
       (1) Additional requirements.--Section 1074f of title 10, 
     United States Code is further amended by adding at the end 
     the following new subsection:
       ``(g) Additional Requirements for Postdeployment Medical 
     Examinations and Health Reassessments.--(1) The Secretary of 
     Defense shall--
       ``(A) standardize and make available to a provider that 
     conducts a postdeployment medical examination or reassessment 
     under the system described in subsection (a) questions 
     relating to occupational and environmental health exposure; 
     and
       ``(B) prior to an examination or reassessment of a member 
     of the armed forces, require such provider to review 
     information applicable to such member--
       ``(i) in a Periodic Occupational and Environmental 
     Monitoring Summary (or any successor document); and
       ``(ii) on the Defense Occupational and Environmental Health 
     Readiness System (or any successor system).
       ``(2) The Secretary shall ensure that the medical record of 
     a member includes information on the external cause relating 
     to a diagnosis of the member, including by associating an 
     external cause code (as issued under the International 
     Statistical Classification of Diseases, 10th Revision (or any 
     successor revision)).''.
       (2) Effective date.--The amendments made by this subsection 
     shall take effect 180 days after the date of the enactment of 
     this Act.
       (d) Report by Comptroller General of the United States.--
     Not later than two years after the date of the enactment of 
     this Act, the Comptroller General of the United States shall 
     submit to the congressional defense committees and the 
     Committees on Veterans' Affairs of the House of 
     Representatives and the Senate a report containing an 
     evaluation of the implementation of this section (and the 
     amendments made by this section), including an assessment of 
     the extent to which the Secretary of Defense and Secretary of 
     Veterans Affairs are in compliance with the applicable 
     requirements of this section (and the amendments made by this 
     section).

     SEC. 707. MODIFICATIONS TO POST-DEPLOYMENT MENTAL HEALTH 
                   ASSESSMENTS FOR MEMBERS OF THE ARMED FORCES 
                   DEPLOYED IN SUPPORT OF A CONTINGENCY OPERATION.

       (a) Required Assessments.--Section 1074m(a)(1) of title 10, 
     United States Code, is amended by striking subparagraphs (C) 
     and (D) and inserting the following new subparagraphs:
       ``(C) Subject to paragraph (3) and subsection (d), once 
     during the period beginning on the date of redeployment from 
     the contingency operation and ending 14 days after such 
     redeployment date.
       ``(D) Subject to subsection (d), not less than once 
     annually--
       ``(i) beginning 14 days after the date of redeployment from 
     the contingency operation; or
       ``(ii) if the assessment required by subparagraph (C) is 
     performed during the period specified in paragraph (3), 
     beginning 180 days after the date of redeployment from the 
     contingency operation.''.
       (b) Exceptions.--Section 1074m(a) of such title, as amended 
     by subsection (a), is further amended by striking paragraph 
     (2) and inserting the following new paragraphs:
       ``(2) A mental health assessment is not required for a 
     member of the armed forces under subparagraphs (C) and (D) of 
     paragraph (1) (including an assessment performed pursuant to 
     paragraph (3)) if the Secretary determines that providing 
     such assessment to the member during the time periods under 
     such subparagraphs would remove the member from forward 
     deployment or put members or operational objectives at risk.
       ``(3) A mental health assessment required under 
     subparagraph (C) of paragraph (1) may be provided during the 
     period beginning 90 days after the date of redeployment from 
     the contingency operation and ending 180 days after such 
     redeployment date if the Secretary determines that--
       ``(A) an insufficient number of personnel are available to 
     perform the assessment during the time period under such 
     subparagraph; or
       ``(B) an administrative processing issue exists upon the 
     return of the member to the home unit or duty station that 
     would prevent the effective performance of the assessment 
     during such time period.''.
       (c) Effective Date.--The amendments made by this section 
     shall apply with respect to a date of redeployment that is on 
     or after January 1, 2020.

     SEC. 708. PROVISION OF BLOOD TESTING FOR FIREFIGHTERS OF 
                   DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE TO DETERMINE EXPOSURE TO 
                   PERFLUOROALKYL AND POLYFLUOROALKYL SUBSTANCES.

       The Secretary of Defense shall include, as part of the 
     annual physical examination provided by the Secretary to each 
     firefighter of the Department of Defense, blood testing to 
     determine and document the potential exposure of such 
     firefighters to perfluoroalkyl and polyfluoroalkyl substances 
     (commonly known as ``PFAS'').

                 Subtitle B--Health Care Administration

     SEC. 711. REQUIREMENTS FOR CERTAIN PRESCRIPTION DRUG LABELS.

       (a) Requirement.--Section 1074g of title 10, United States 
     Code, is amended--
       (1) by redesignating subsections (h) and (i) as subsections 
     (i) and (j), respectively; and
       (2) by inserting after subsection (g) the following new 
     subsection (h):
       ``(h) Labeling.--The Secretary of Defense shall ensure that 
     drugs made available through the facilities of the armed 
     forces under the jurisdiction of the Secretary include labels 
     that--
       ``(1) are printed and physically located on or within the 
     package from which the drug is to be dispensed; and
       ``(2) provide adequate directions for the purposes for 
     which the drug is intended.''.
       (b) Conforming Amendment.--Subsection (b)(1) of such 
     section is amended by striking ``under subsection (h)'' and 
     inserting ``under subsection (j)''.
       (c) Implementation.--Beginning not later than 90 days after 
     the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of 
     Defense shall implement subsection (h) of section 1074g of 
     title 10, United States Code, as added by subsection (a).

     SEC. 712. OFFICERS AUTHORIZED TO COMMAND ARMY DENTAL UNITS.

       Section 7081(d) of title 10, United States Code, is amended 
     by striking ``Dental Corps Officer'' and inserting 
     ``commissioned officer of the Army Medical Department''.

     SEC. 713. IMPROVEMENTS TO LEADERSHIP OF INTERAGENCY PROGRAM 
                   OFFICE OF THE DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE AND THE 
                   DEPARTMENT OF VETERANS AFFAIRS.

       Subsection (c) of section 1635 of the Wounded Warrior Act 
     (title XVI of Public Law 110-181; 10 U.S.C. 1071 note) is 
     amended to read as follows:
       ``(c) Leadership.--
       ``(1) Director.--The Director of the Office shall be the 
     head of the Office.
       ``(2) Deputy director.--The Deputy Director of the Office 
     shall be the deputy head of the Office and shall assist the 
     Director in carrying out the duties of the Director.
       ``(3) Reporting.--The Director shall report to the 
     Department of Veterans Affairs-Department of Defense Joint 
     Executive Committee established by section 320 of title 38, 
     United States Code.
       ``(4) Appointments.--
       ``(A) Director.--The Director shall be jointly appointed by 
     the Secretary of Veterans Affairs and the Secretary of 
     Defense for a five-year term. The Director may be reappointed 
     for one or more additional terms.
       ``(B) Deputy director.--The Deputy Director shall be 
     jointly appointed by the Secretary of Veterans Affairs and 
     the Secretary of Defense for a five-year term. The Deputy 
     Director may be reappointed for one or more additional terms.
       ``(C) Advice.--The Department of Veterans Affairs-
     Department of Defense Joint Executive Committee shall provide 
     the Secretary of Veterans Affairs and the Secretary of 
     Defense with advice regarding potential individuals to be 
     appointed Director and Deputy Director under subparagraphs 
     (A) and (B), respectively.
       ``(D) Minimum qualifications.--The Department of Veterans 
     Affairs-Department of Defense Joint Executive Committee shall 
     develop qualification requirements for the office of the 
     Director and the Deputy Director. Such requirements shall 
     ensure that, at a minimum, the Director and Deputy Director, 
     individually or together, meet the following qualifications:
       ``(i) Significant experience as a clinician, at the level 
     of chief medical officer or equivalent.
       ``(ii) Significant experience in health informatics, at the 
     level of chief health informatics officer or equivalent.
       ``(iii) Significant experience leading implementation of 
     enterprise-wide technology in a health care setting in the 
     public or private sector.
       ``(5) Additional guidance.--In addition to providing 
     direction, supervision, and control of the Office pursuant to 
     paragraph (3), the Department of Veterans Affairs-Department 
     of Defense Joint Executive Committee shall--
       ``(A) provide guidance in the discharge of the functions of 
     the Office under this section; and
       ``(B) facilitate the establishment of a charter and mission 
     statement for the Office.
       ``(6) Information to congress.--Upon request by any of the 
     appropriate committees of Congress, the Director and the 
     Deputy Director shall testify before such committee, or 
     provide a briefing or otherwise provide requested information 
     to such committee, regarding the discharge of the functions 
     of the Office under this section.''.

     SEC. 714. INCLUSION OF BLAST EXPOSURE HISTORY IN MEDICAL 
                   RECORDS OF MEMBERS OF THE ARMED FORCES.

       (a) Requirement.--The Secretary of Defense, in coordination 
     with the Secretaries of the military departments, shall 
     document blast exposure history in the medical record of a 
     member of the Armed Forces to--
       (1) assist in determining whether a future illness or 
     injury of the member is service-connected; and
       (2) inform future blast exposure risk mitigation efforts of 
     the Department of Defense.
       (b) Elements.--A blast exposure history under subsection 
     (a) shall include, at a minimum, the following:
       (1) The date of the exposure.

[[Page H5392]]

       (2) The duration of the exposure, and, if known, the 
     measured blast pressure experienced by the individual during 
     such exposure.
       (3) Whether the exposure occurred during combat or 
     training.
       (4) Such other information relating to the exposure as the 
     Secretary of Defense may specify pursuant to the guidance 
     described in subsection (c)(1).
       (c) Collection of Exposure Information.--The Secretary of 
     Defense shall collect blast exposure information with respect 
     to a member of the Armed Forces in a manner--
       (1) consistent with blast exposure measurement training 
     guidance of the Department, including any new guidance 
     developed pursuant to--
       (A) the study on blast pressure exposure required by 
     section 734 of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
     Fiscal Year 2018 (Public Law 115-91; 131 Stat. 1444); and
       (B) the review of guidance on blast exposure during 
     training required by section 253 of the John S. McCain 
     National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2019 
     (Public Law 115-232; 132 Stat. 1704, 10 U.S.C. 2001 note);
       (2) compatible with training and operational objectives; 
     and
       (3) that is automated, to the extent practicable, to 
     minimize the reporting burden of unit commanders.
       (d) Report.--Not later than one year after the date of the 
     enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit 
     to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the 
     House of Representatives a report on the types of information 
     included in a blast exposure history under subsection (a).

     SEC. 715. COMPREHENSIVE POLICY FOR PROVISION OF MENTAL HEALTH 
                   CARE TO MEMBERS OF THE ARMED FORCES.

       (a) Policy Required.--Not later than 180 days after the 
     date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense, 
     acting through the Under Secretary of Defense for Personnel 
     and Readiness, shall develop and implement a comprehensive 
     policy for the provision of mental health care to members of 
     the Armed Forces.
       (b) Elements.--The policy under subsection (a) shall 
     address each of the following:
       (1) The compliance of health professionals in the military 
     health system engaged in the provision of health care 
     services to members with clinical practice guidelines for--
       (A) suicide prevention;
       (B) medication-assisted therapy for alcohol use disorders; 
     and
       (C) medication-assisted therapy for opioid use disorders.
       (2) The access and availability of mental health care 
     services to members who are victims of sexual assault or 
     domestic violence.
       (3) The availability of naloxone reversal capability on 
     military installations.
       (4) The promotion of referrals of members by civilian 
     health care providers to military medical treatment 
     facilities when such members are--
       (A) at high risk for suicide and diagnosed with a 
     psychiatric disorder; or
       (B) receiving treatment for opioid use disorders.
       (5) The provision of comprehensive behavioral health 
     treatment to members of the reserve components that takes 
     into account the unique challenges associated with the 
     deployment pattern of such members and the difficulty such 
     members encounter post-deployment with respect to accessing 
     such treatment in civilian communities.
       (c) Consideration.--In developing the policy under 
     subsection (a), the Secretary of Defense shall solicit and 
     consider recommendations from the Secretaries of the military 
     departments and the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff 
     regarding the feasibility of implementation and execution of 
     particular elements of the policy.
       (d) Report.--Not later than 18 months after the date of the 
     enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit 
     to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the 
     House of Representatives a report on the implementation of 
     the policy under subsection (a).

     SEC. 716. LIMITATION ON THE REALIGNMENT OR REDUCTION OF 
                   MILITARY MEDICAL MANNING END STRENGTH.

       (a) Limitation.--Except as provided by subsection (d), the 
     Secretary of Defense and the Secretaries concerned may not 
     realign or reduce military medical end strength 
     authorizations until--
       (1) each review is conducted under paragraph (1) of 
     subsection (b);
       (2) each analysis is conducted under paragraph (2) of such 
     subsection;
       (3) the measurement is developed under paragraph (3) of 
     such subsection;
       (4) each plan and forum is provided under paragraph (4) of 
     such subsection; and
       (5) a period of 90 days elapses following the date on which 
     the Secretary submits the report under subsection (c).
       (b) Reviews, Analyses, and Other Information.--
       (1) Review.--Each Secretary concerned, in coordination with 
     the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, shall conduct a 
     review of the medical manpower requirements of the military 
     department of the Secretary that accounts for all national 
     defense strategy scenarios.
       (2) Analyses.--With respect to each military medical 
     treatment facility that would be affected by a proposed 
     military medical end strength realignment or reduction, the 
     Secretary concerned shall conduct an analysis that--
       (A) identifies affected billets; and
       (B) includes a plan for mitigating any potential gap in 
     health care services caused by such realignment or reduction.
       (3) Measurement.--The Secretary of Defense shall--
       (A) develop a standard measurement for network adequacy to 
     determine the capacity of the local health care network to 
     provide care for covered beneficiaries in the area of a 
     military medical treatment facility that would be affected by 
     a proposed military medical end strength realignment or 
     reduction; and
       (B) use such measurement in carrying out this section and 
     otherwise evaluating proposed military medical end strength 
     realignment or reductions.
       (4) Outreach.--The Secretary of Defense shall provide to 
     each member of the Armed Forces and covered beneficiary 
     located in the area of a military medical treatment facility 
     that would be affected by a proposed military medical end 
     strength realignment or reduction the following:
       (A) A transition plan for continuity of health care 
     services.
       (B) A public forum to discuss the concerns of the member 
     and covered beneficiary regarding such proposed realignment 
     or reduction.
       (c) Report.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
     enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit 
     to the Committees on Armed Services of the House of 
     Representatives and the Senate a report on the proposed 
     military medical end strength realignments or reductions, 
     including--
       (1) the reviews, analyses, and other information developed 
     under subsection (b); and
       (2) a description of the actions the Secretary plans to 
     take with respect to such proposed realignments or 
     reductions.
       (d) Exception.--The limitation in subsection (a) shall not 
     apply to billets of a medical department of a military 
     department that have remained unfilled since at least October 
     1, 2018. The Secretary concerned may realign or reduce such a 
     billet if the Secretary determines that such realignment or 
     reduction does not affect the provision of health care 
     services to members of the Armed Forces or covered 
     beneficiaries.
       (e) Definitions.--In this section:
       (1) The term ``covered beneficiary'' has the meaning given 
     that term in section 1072 of title 10, United States Code.
       (2) The term ``proposed military medical end strength 
     realignment or reduction'' means a realignment or reduction 
     of military medical end strength authorizations as proposed 
     by the budget of the President for fiscal year 2020 submitted 
     to Congress pursuant to section 1105 of title 31, United 
     States Code.
       (3) The term ``Secretary concerned'' means--
       (A) the Secretary of the Army, with respect to matters 
     concerning the Army;
       (B) the Secretary of the Navy, with respect to matters 
     concerning the Navy, the Marine Corps, and the Coast Guard 
     when it is operating as a service in the Department of the 
     Navy; and
       (C) the Secretary of the Air Force, with respect to matters 
     concerning the Air Force.

     SEC. 717. STRATEGY TO RECRUIT AND RETAIN MENTAL HEALTH 
                   PROVIDERS.

       Not later than 180 days after the date of the enactment of 
     this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the 
     congressional defense committees a report that--
       (1) describes the shortage of mental health providers of 
     the Department of Defense;
       (2) explains the reasons for such shortage;
       (3) explains the effect of such shortage on members of the 
     Armed Forces; and
       (4) contains a strategy to better recruit and retain mental 
     health providers, including with respect to psychiatrists, 
     psychologists, mental health nurse practitioners, licensed 
     social workers, and other licensed providers of the military 
     health system.

     SEC. 718. MONITORING MEDICATION PRESCRIBING PRACTICES FOR THE 
                   TREATMENT OF POST-TRAUMATIC STRESS DISORDER.

       (a) Report.--
       (1) In general.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
     enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit 
     to the Committees on Armed Services of the House of 
     Representatives and the Senate a report on the practices for 
     prescribing medication during the period beginning January 1, 
     2012, and ending December 31, 2017, that were inconsistent 
     with the post-traumatic stress disorder medication guidelines 
     developed by the Department of Defense and the Veterans 
     Health Administration.
       (2) Contents.--The report under this subsection shall 
     include the following:
       (A) A summary of the practices of the Army, Navy, and the 
     Air Force, for prescribing medication during the period 
     referred to in paragraph (1) that were inconsistent with the 
     post-traumatic stress disorder medication guidelines 
     developed by the Department of Defense and the Veterans 
     Health Administration.
       (B) Identification of medical centers serving members of 
     the Armed Forces found to having higher than average 
     incidences of prescribing medication during the period 
     referred to in paragraph (1) that were inconsistent with the 
     post-traumatic stress disorder guidelines.
       (C) A plan for such medical centers to reduce the 
     prescribing of medications that are inconsistent with the 
     post-traumatic stress disorder guidelines.
       (D) A plan for ongoing monitoring of medical centers found 
     to have higher than average incidences of prescribing 
     medication that were inconsistent with the post-traumatic 
     stress disorder guidelines by the Department of Defense and 
     the Veterans Health Administration.
       (b) Monitoring Program.--Based on the findings of the 
     report under subsection (a), the Secretaries of the Army, the 
     Navy, and the Air Force shall each establish a monitoring 
     program carried out with respect to such branch of the Armed 
     Forces that shall provide as follows:
       (1) The monitoring program shall provide for the conduct of 
     periodic reviews, beginning October 1, 2019, of medication 
     prescribing practices of its own providers.
       (2) The monitoring program shall provide for regular 
     reports, beginning October 1, 2020, to the Department of 
     Defense and the Veterans Health Administration, of the 
     results of the periodic reviews pursuant to paragraph (1) of 
     this subsection.

[[Page H5393]]

       (3) The monitoring program shall establish internal 
     procedures, not later than October 1, 2020, to address 
     practices for prescribing medication that are inconsistent 
     with the post-traumatic stress disorder medication guidelines 
     developed by the Department of Defense and the Veterans 
     Health Administration.

                 Subtitle C--Reports and Other Matters

     SEC. 721. ESTABLISHMENT OF MILITARY DENTAL RESEARCH PROGRAM.

       (a) In General.--Chapter 104 of title 10, United States 
     Code, is amended by inserting after section 2116 the 
     following new section:

     ``Sec. 2116a. Military dental research

       ``(a) Definitions.--In this section:
       ``(1) The term `military dental research' means research on 
     the furnishing of dental care and services by dentists in the 
     armed forces.
       ``(2) The term `TriService Dental Research Program' means 
     the program of military dental research authorized under this 
     section.
       ``(b) Program Authorized.--The Secretary of Defense may 
     establish at the University a program of military dental 
     research.
       ``(c) TriService Research Group.--The TriService Dental 
     Research Program shall be administered by a TriService Dental 
     Research Group composed of Army, Navy, and Air Force dentists 
     who are involved in military dental research and are 
     designated by the Secretary concerned to serve as members of 
     the group.
       ``(d) Duties of Group.--The TriService Dental Research 
     Group described in subsection (c) shall--
       ``(1) develop for the Department of Defense recommended 
     guidelines for requesting, reviewing, and funding proposed 
     military dental research projects; and
       ``(2) make available to Army, Navy, and Air Force dentists 
     and officials of the Department of Defense who conduct 
     military dental research--
       ``(A) information about dental research projects that are 
     being developed or carried out in the Army, Navy, and Air 
     Force; and
       ``(B) expertise and information beneficial to the 
     encouragement of meaningful dental research.
       ``(e) Research Topics.--For purposes of this section, 
     military dental research includes research on the following 
     issues:
       ``(1) Issues regarding how to ensure the readiness of 
     members of the armed forces on active duty and in the reserve 
     components with respect to the provision of dental care and 
     services.
       ``(2) Issues regarding preventive dentistry and disease 
     management, including early detection of needs.
       ``(3) Issues regarding how to improve the results of dental 
     care and services provided in the armed forces in time of 
     peace.
       ``(4) Issues regarding how to improve the results of dental 
     care and services provided in the armed forces in time of 
     war.
       ``(5) Issues regarding minimizing or eliminating emergent 
     dental conditions and dental disease and non-battle injuries 
     in deployed settings.
       ``(6) Issues regarding how to prevent complications 
     associated with dental-related battle injuries.
       ``(7) Issues regarding how to prevent complications 
     associated with the transportation of dental patients in the 
     military medical evacuation system.
       ``(8) Issues regarding the use of technological advances, 
     including teledentistry.
       ``(9) Issues regarding psychological distress in receiving 
     dental care and services.
       ``(10) Issues regarding how to improve methods of training 
     dental personnel, including dental assistants and dental 
     extenders.
       ``(11) Wellness issues relating to dental care and 
     services.
       ``(12) Case management issues relating to dental care and 
     services.
       ``(13) Issues regarding the use of alternate dental care 
     delivery systems, including the employment of 
     interprofessional practice models incorporating multiple 
     health professions.''.
       (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the 
     beginning of chapter 104 of such title is amended by 
     inserting after the item relating to section 2116 the 
     following new item:

``2116a. Military dental research.''.

     SEC. 722. PILOT PROGRAM ON CRYOPRESERVATION AND STORAGE.

       (a) Pilot Program.--The Secretary of Defense shall 
     establish a pilot program to provide not more than 1,000 
     members of the Armed Forces serving on active duty with the 
     opportunity to cryopreserve and store their gametes prior to 
     deployment to a combat zone.
       (b) Period.--
       (1) In general.--The Secretary shall provide for the 
     cryopreservation and storage of gametes of a participating 
     member of the Armed Forces under subsection (a), at no cost 
     to the member, in a facility of the Department of Defense or 
     at a private entity pursuant to a contract under subsection 
     (d) until the date that is one year after the retirement, 
     separation, or release of the member from the Armed Forces.
       (2) Continued cryopreservation and storage.--At the end of 
     the one-year period specified in paragraph (1), the Secretary 
     shall authorize an individual whose gametes were 
     cryopreserved and stored in a facility of the Department as 
     described in that paragraph to select, including pursuant to 
     an advance medical directive or military testamentary 
     instrument completed under subsection (c), one of the 
     following options:
       (A) To continue such cryopreservation and storage in such 
     facility with the cost of such cryopreservation and storage 
     borne by the individual.
       (B) To transfer the gametes to a private cryopreservation 
     and storage facility selected by the individual.
       (C) To authorize the Secretary to dispose of the gametes of 
     the individual not earlier than the date that is 90 days 
     after the end of the one-year period specified in paragraph 
     (1) with respect to the individual.
       (c) Advance Medical Directive and Military Testamentary 
     Instrument.--A member of the Armed Forces who elects to 
     cryopreserve and store their gametes under this section shall 
     complete an advance medical directive described in section 
     1044c(b) of title 10, United States Code, and a military 
     testamentary instrument described in section 1044d(b) of such 
     title, that explicitly specifies the use of their 
     cryopreserved and stored gametes if such member dies or 
     otherwise loses the capacity to consent to the use of their 
     cryopreserved and stored gametes.
       (d) Agreements.--To carry out this section, the Secretary 
     may enter into agreements with private entities that provide 
     cryopreservation and storage services for gametes.

     SEC. 723. ENCOURAGEMENT OF PARTICIPATION IN WOMEN'S HEALTH 
                   TRANSITION TRAINING PILOT PROGRAM.

       (a) Encouragement of Participation.--The Secretaries of the 
     military departments shall encourage female members of the 
     Armed Forces who are separating or retiring from the Armed 
     Forces during fiscal year 2020 to participate in the Women's 
     Health Transition Training pilot program (in this section 
     referred to as the ``pilot program'') administered by the 
     Secretary of Veterans Affairs.
       (b) Selection.--Each Secretary of a military department 
     shall select at least one location at which the pilot program 
     is offered and encourage participation in the pilot program 
     at such location.
       (c) Report.--Not later than September 30, 2020, the 
     Secretary of Defense, in consultation with the Secretary of 
     Veterans Affairs, shall submit to the Committees on Armed 
     Services of the Senate and the House of Representatives and 
     the Committees on Veterans' Affairs of the Senate and House 
     of Representatives a report on the pilot program that 
     includes the following:
       (1) For the period since the commencement of the pilot 
     program--
       (A) the number of courses held under the pilot program;
       (B) the locations at which such courses were held; and
       (C) for each location identified in subparagraph (B)--
       (i) the number of female members by military department 
     (with respect to Department of the Navy, separately for the 
     Navy and Marine Corps) who participated in the pilot program; 
     and
       (ii) the number of seats available under the pilot program.
       (2) Data relating to--
       (A) satisfaction with courses held under the pilot program;
       (B) improved awareness of health care services administered 
     by the Secretary of Veterans Affairs; and
       (C) any other available statistics regarding the pilot 
     program.
       (3) A discussion of regulatory, legal, or resource barriers 
     to--
       (A) making the pilot program permanent to enable access by 
     a greater number of female members at locations throughout 
     the United States;
       (B) offering the pilot program online for female members 
     who are unable to attend courses held under the pilot program 
     in person; and
       (C) providing for automatic enrollment of participants in 
     the pilot program in the patient enrollment system of the 
     Department of Veterans Affairs established and operated under 
     section 1705 of title 38, United States Code.

     SEC. 724. NATIONAL GUARD SUICIDE PREVENTION PILOT PROGRAM.

       (a) Pilot Program Authorized.--The Chief of the National 
     Guard Bureau may carry out a pilot program to expand suicide 
     prevention and intervention efforts at the community level 
     through the use of a mobile application that provides the 
     capability for a member of the National Guard to receive 
     prompt support, including access to a behavioral health 
     professional, on a smartphone, tablet computer, or other 
     handheld mobile device.
       (b) Elements.--The pilot program shall include, subject to 
     such conditions as the Secretary may prescribe--
       (1) the use by members of the National Guard of an existing 
     mobile application that provides the capability described in 
     subsection (a); or
       (2) the development and use of a new mobile application 
     that provides such capability.
       (c) Eligibility and Participation Requirements.--The Chief 
     of the National Guard Bureau shall establish requirements 
     with respect to eligibility and participation in the pilot 
     program.
       (d) Assessment Prior to Pilot Program Commencement.--Prior 
     to commencement of the pilot program, the Chief of the 
     National Guard Bureau shall--
       (1) conduct an assessment of existing prevention and 
     intervention efforts of the National Guard in each State that 
     include the use of mobile applications that provide the 
     capability described in subsection (a) to determine best 
     practices for providing immediate and localized care through 
     the use of such mobile applications; and
       (2) determine the feasibility of expanding existing 
     programs on a national scale.
       (e) Responsibilities of Entities Participating in Pilot 
     Program.--Each entity that participates in the pilot program 
     shall--
       (1) share best practices with other entities participating 
     in the program; and
       (2) annually assess outcomes with respect to members of the 
     National Guard.
       (f) Term.--The pilot program shall terminate on the date 
     that is three years after the date on which the pilot program 
     commenced.
       (g) Reports.--
       (1) Initial report.--If the Chief of the National Guard 
     Bureau commences the pilot program authorized under 
     subsection (a), not later

[[Page H5394]]

     than 180 days after the date of the commencement of such 
     program, the Chief shall submit to the Committees on Armed 
     Services of the Senate and the House of Representatives a 
     report containing a description of the pilot program and such 
     other matters as the Chief considers appropriate.
       (2) Final report.--
       (A) In general.--Not later than 180 days after the 
     termination of the pilot program, the Chief of the National 
     Guard Bureau shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services 
     of the Senate and the House of Representatives a report on 
     such pilot program.
       (B) Matters included.--The report under subparagraph (A) 
     shall include the following:
       (i) A description of the pilot program, including any 
     partnerships entered into by the Chief of the National Guard 
     Bureau under the program.
       (ii) An assessment of the effectiveness of the pilot 
     program.
       (iii) A description of costs associated with the 
     implementation of the pilot program.
       (iv) The estimated costs of making the pilot program 
     permanent.
       (v) A recommendation as to whether the pilot program should 
     be extended or made permanent.
       (vi) Such other recommendations for legislative or 
     administrative action as the Chief of the National Guard 
     Bureau considers appropriate.
       (h) State Defined.--In this section, the term ``State'' 
     means each of the several States, the District of Columbia, 
     the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, American Samoa, Guam, the 
     United States Virgin Islands, and the Commonwealth of the 
     Northern Mariana Islands.

     SEC. 725. REPORTS ON SUICIDE AMONG MEMBERS OF THE ARMED 
                   FORCES.

       (a) Reports.--Not later than 90 days after the date of the 
     enactment of this Act, and annually thereafter through 
     January 31, 2021, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to 
     the Committees on Armed Services of the House of 
     Representatives and the Senate a report on suicide among 
     members of the Armed Forces during the year preceding the 
     date of the report.
       (b) Matters Included.--Each report under subsection (a) 
     shall include the following with respect to the year covered 
     by the report:
       (1) The number of suicides, attempted suicides, and 
     occurrences of suicidal ideation involving a member of the 
     Armed Forces, including the reserve components thereof, 
     listed by Armed Force.
       (2) The number of suicides, attempted suicides, or suicidal 
     ideation identified under paragraph (1) that occurred during 
     each of the following periods:
       (A) The first 180 days of the member serving in the Armed 
     Forces.
       (B) The period in which the member is deployed in support 
     of a contingency operation.
       (3) With respect to the number of suicides, attempted 
     suicides, or suicidal ideation identified under paragraph 
     (2)(A), the initial recruit training location of the member.
       (4) The number of suicides involving a dependent of a 
     member.
       (5) A description of any research collaborations and data 
     sharing by the Department of Defense with the Department of 
     Veterans Affairs, other departments or agencies of the 
     Federal Government, academic institutions, or nongovernmental 
     organizations.
       (6) Identification of a research agenda for the Department 
     of Defense to improve the evidence base on effective suicide 
     prevention treatment and risk communication.
       (7) A description of the effectiveness of the policies 
     developed pursuant to section 567 of the Carl Levin and 
     Howard P. ``Buck'' McKeon National Defense Authorization Act 
     for Fiscal Year 2015 (Public Law 113-291; 10 U.S.C. 1071 
     note) and section 582 of the National Defense Authorization 
     Act for Fiscal Year 2013 (Public Law 112-239; 10 U.S.C. 1071 
     note), including with respect to--
       (A) metrics identifying effective treatment modalities for 
     members of the Armed Forces who are at risk for suicide 
     (including any clinical interventions involving early 
     identification and treatment of such members);
       (B) metrics for the rate of integration of mental health 
     screenings and suicide risk and prevention for members during 
     the delivery of primary care for such members;
       (C) metrics relating to the effectiveness of suicide 
     prevention and resilience programs and preventative 
     behavioral health programs of the Department of Defense 
     (including those of the military departments and the Armed 
     Forces); and
       (D) metrics evaluating the training standards for 
     behavioral health care providers to ensure that such 
     providers have received training on clinical best practices 
     and evidence-based treatments.

     SEC. 726. STUDY ON MILITARY-CIVILIAN INTEGRATED HEALTH 
                   DELIVERY SYSTEMS.

       (a) Study.--The Secretary of Defense shall conduct a study 
     on the use of local integrated military-civilian integrated 
     health delivery systems pursuant to section 706 of the 
     National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017 
     (Public Law 114-328; 10 U.S.C. 1096 note). The study shall 
     examine the following:
       (1) Geographic locations where military medical treatment 
     facilities have existing contractual relationships with local 
     civilian health care networks, including Fort Drum, New York, 
     Joint Base McGuire-Dix-Lakehurst, New Jersey, Joint Base 
     Lewis-McCord, Washington, Fort Leonard Wood, Missouri, 
     Elmendorf Air Force Base, Alaska, Fort Sill, Oklahoma, 
     Tripler Army Medical Center, Hawaii, the National Capital 
     Region, and similar locations.
       (2) Health care activities that promote value-based care, 
     measurable health outcomes, patient safety, timeliness of 
     referrals, and transparent communication with covered 
     beneficiaries.
       (3) Locations where health care providers of the Department 
     of Defense may be able to attain critical wartime readiness 
     skills in a local integrated military-civilian integrated 
     health delivery system.
       (4) The cost of providing care under an integrated 
     military-civilian integrated health delivery system as 
     compared to health care provided by a managed care support 
     contractor.
       (b) Submission.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
     the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall 
     submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the House of 
     Representatives and the Senate a report on the results of the 
     study under subsection (a).
       (c) Definitions.--In this section:
       (1) The term ``covered beneficiaries'' has the meaning 
     given that term in section 1072 of title 10, United States 
     Code.
       (2) The term ``National Capital Region'' has the meaning 
     given that term in section 2674 of title 10, United States 
     Code.

     SEC. 727. STUDY ON CASE MANAGEMENT AT MILITARY MEDICAL 
                   TREATMENT FACILITIES.

       (a) Study.--The Secretary of Defense shall conduct a study 
     on the effectiveness of case management practices at military 
     medical treatment facilities. The study shall include the 
     following:
       (1) A standardized definition of case management.
       (2) An evaluation of case management practices provided by 
     the military departments before and during the transition of 
     the administration of military medical treatment facilities 
     to the Defense Health Agency pursuant to section 1073c of 
     title 10, United States Code.
       (3) A discussion of the metrics involved with determining 
     the effectiveness of case management and the cost of case 
     management.
       (4) A review of case management best practices in the 
     private sector, including with respect to--
       (A) the intervals at which patients should be contacted;
       (B) the role of the case manager in coordination;
       (C) the approximate number of patients managed by a case 
     manager; and
       (D) any other best practices relating to case management 
     that would improve the experience of care within the military 
     health system.
       (5) The results of a discussion with covered beneficiaries 
     (as defined in section 1072 of title 10, United States Code) 
     in a public forum on case management in military medical 
     treatment facilities administered by the Defense Health 
     Agency.
       (b) Report.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
     enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit 
     to the Committees on Armed Services of the House of 
     Representatives and the Senate a report on the results of the 
     study under subsection (a).

     SEC. 728. STUDY ON INFERTILITY AMONG MEMBERS OF THE ARMED 
                   FORCES.

       (a) Study.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
     enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit 
     to the Committees on Armed Services of the House of 
     Representatives and the Senate a study on the incidence of 
     infertility among members of the Armed Forces, including the 
     reserve components thereof.
       (b) Matters Included.--The study shall include the 
     following:
       (1) The number of members of the Armed Forces serving as of 
     the date of the study who are diagnosed with common causes of 
     infertility, such as polycystic ovary syndrome, pelvic 
     inflammatory disease, uterine fibroids, endometriosis, 
     sexually transmitted disease, testicular disorders, and male 
     endocrine disorders.
       (2) The number of members serving as of the date of the 
     study whose infertility has no known cause.
       (3) The incidence of miscarriage among women members, 
     listed by Armed Force and military occupation.
       (4) A comparison of the rates of infertility and 
     miscarriage in the Armed Forces to such rates in the civilian 
     population, as reported by the Centers for Disease Control 
     and Prevention.
       (5) Demographic information of the members described in 
     paragraphs (1), (2), and (3), include with respect to race, 
     ethnicity, sex, age, military occupation, and possible 
     exposures during military service to hazardous elements such 
     as chemical and biologic agents.
       (6) An assessment of the ease or delay for members in 
     obtaining treatment for infertility, including in vitro 
     fertilization, including--
       (A) the wait times at each military medical treatment 
     facility that has community partnerships to provide in vitro 
     fertilization;
       (B) the number of members described in paragraph (1) who 
     are candidates for in vitro fertilization or other 
     infertility treatments but cannot obtain such treatments 
     because of the location at which the member is stationed or 
     the duties of the member; and
       (C) a discussion of the reasons members cease seeking such 
     treatments through the military health system.
       (7) Criteria used by the Secretary to determine service 
     connection for infertility, including whether screenings for 
     levels of toxins are undertaken when the cause of infertility 
     cannot be determined.
       (8) The policy of the Department of Defense, as of the date 
     of the study, for ensuring geographic stability during 
     treatment of women members undergoing in vitro fertilization 
     for either service-connected or non-service-connected 
     infertility.

     SEC. 729. ALLOWING CLAIMS AGAINST THE UNITED STATES FOR 
                   INJURY AND DEATH OF MEMBERS OF THE ARMED FORCES 
                   CAUSED BY IMPROPER MEDICAL CARE.

       (a) In General.--Chapter 171 of title 28, United States 
     Code, is amended by adding at the end the following:

[[Page H5395]]

  


     ``Sec. 2681. Claims against the United States for injury and 
       death of members of the Armed Forces of the United States

       ``(a) A claim may be brought against the United States 
     under this chapter for damages relating to the personal 
     injury or death of a member of the Armed Forces of the United 
     States arising out of a negligent or wrongful act or omission 
     in the performance of medical, dental, or related health care 
     functions (including clinical studies and investigations) 
     that is provided at a covered military medical treatment 
     facility by a person acting within the scope of the office or 
     employment of that person by or at the direction of the 
     Government of the United States.
       ``(b) A claim under this section shall not be reduced by 
     the amount of any benefit received under subchapter III 
     (relating to Servicemembers' Group Life Insurance) of chapter 
     19 of title 38.
       ``(c) Notwithstanding section 2401(b), a claim brought 
     under this section shall have a three-year statute of 
     limitations beginning on the date the claimant discovered or 
     by reasonable diligence should have discovered the injury and 
     the cause of the injury.
       ``(d) For purposes of claims brought under this section--
       ``(1) subsections (j) and (k) of section 2680 do not apply; 
     and
       ``(2) in the case of an act or omission occurring outside 
     the United States, the law of the place where the act or 
     omission occurred shall be deemed to be the law of the State 
     of domicile of the claimant.
       ``(e) In this section, the term `covered military medical 
     treatment facility' means the facilities described in 
     subsections (b), (c), and (d) of section 1073d of title 10, 
     regardless of whether the facility is located in or outside 
     the United States. The term does not include battalion aid 
     stations or other medical treatment locations deployed in an 
     area of armed conflict.
       ``(f) Not later than two years after the date of the 
     enactment of this section, and every two years thereafter, 
     the Secretary of Defense shall submit to Congress a report on 
     the number of claims filed under this section.''.
       (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections for chapter 
     171 of title 28, United States Code, is amended by adding at 
     the end the following:

``2681. Claims against the United States for injury and death of 
              members of the Armed Forces of the United States.''.
       (c) Effective Date.--This Act and the amendments made by 
     this Act shall apply to--
       (1) a claim filed on or after the date of the enactment of 
     this Act; and
       (2) a claim that--
       (A) is pending as of the date of the enactment of this Act; 
     and
       (B) arises from an incident occurring not more than two 
     years before the claim was filed.
       (d) Rule of Construction.--Nothing in this Act or the 
     amendments made by this Act shall be construed to limit the 
     application of the administrative process and procedures of 
     chapter 171 of title 28, United States Code, to claims 
     permitted under section 2681 of such chapter, as amended by 
     this section.

  TITLE VIII--ACQUISITION POLICY, ACQUISITION MANAGEMENT, AND RELATED 
                                MATTERS

             Subtitle A--Acquisition Policy and Management

     SEC. 801. ESTABLISHMENT OF ACQUISITION PATHWAYS FOR SOFTWARE 
                   APPLICATIONS AND SOFTWARE UPGRADES.

       (a) Guidance Required.--Not later than March 1, 2020, the 
     Secretary of Defense shall establish guidance authorizing the 
     use of acquisition pathways described in subsection (b) for 
     the rapid acquisition of software applications and software 
     upgrades that are intended to be fielded within one year. A 
     contract awarded under this section--
       (1) shall be in an amount equal to or less than 
     $50,000,000; and
       (2) may be entered into for a period of not more than one 
     year.
       (b) Software Acquisition Pathways.--The guidance required 
     by subsection (a) shall provide for the use of the following 
     two acquisition pathways:
       (1) Applications.--The applications pathway shall provide 
     for the use of rapid development and implementation of 
     software applications to be used with commercially available 
     hardware.
       (2) Upgrades.--The upgrades pathway shall provide for the 
     rapid development and insertion of software upgrades for 
     embedded weapon systems or another hardware system solely 
     used by the Department of Defense.
       (c) General Requirements.--The guidance required by 
     subsection (a) shall provide for--
       (1) the use of proven technologies and solutions to 
     continuously engineer, update, and deliver capabilities in 
     software; and
       (2) a streamlined and coordinated requirements, budget, and 
     acquisition process that results in the rapid fielding of 
     software applications and software upgrades.
       (d) Expedited Process.--
       (1) In general.--An acquisition conducted under the 
     guidance required by subsection (a) shall not be subject to 
     the Joint Capabilities Integration and Development System 
     Manual and Department of Defense Directive 5000.01, except to 
     the extent specifically provided in such guidance.
       (2) Requirements process.--The guidance required by 
     subsection (a) shall provide that the requirements for 
     acquisition of software applications and software upgrades--
       (A) are developed, refined, and prioritized on an iterative 
     basis through continuous participation and collaboration by 
     users, testers, and requirements authorities;
       (B) include an identification of the need for, and users 
     of, the software to be acquired and a rationale for how the 
     software will support increased efficiency of the Department 
     of Defense;
       (C) are stated in the form of a summary-level list of 
     vulnerabilities in existing software systems and desired 
     features or capabilities of the software to be acquired; and
       (D) consider issues related to lifecycle costs, systems 
     interoperability, and logistics support if the developer of 
     the software to be acquired stops providing support.
       (4) Execution of rapid acquisitions.--The Secretary shall 
     ensure that--
       (A) an acquisition conducted under the guidance required by 
     subsection (a) is supported by an entity capable of regular 
     automated testing of the source code of the software to be 
     acquired and that such entity is authorized to buy storage, 
     bandwidth, and computing capability as necessary;
       (B) the Department of Defense can collect and analyze the 
     testing data described in subparagraph (A) to make decisions 
     regarding software acquisition and oversight;
       (C) the Director of Operational Test and Evaluation and the 
     project manager appointed under paragraph (5) design test 
     cases to ensure that the entity described in subparagraph (A) 
     can test the software to be acquired to ensure such software 
     meets the requirements of the contract;
       (D) the project manager appointed under paragraph (5) 
     closely monitors the progress of an acquisition conducted 
     under the guidance required by subsection (a);
       (E) an independent cost estimate is conducted that 
     considers--
       (i) the iterative process of the development of the 
     software to be acquired; and
       (ii) the long-term value of the software to be acquired to 
     the Department of Defense, not based on the value of 
     individual lines of source code of the software;
       (F) the performance of fielded versions of the software to 
     be acquired are demonstrated and evaluated in an operational 
     environment; and
       (G) performance metrics of the software to be acquired, 
     such as metrics relating to when the software can be fielded, 
     delivery capabilities of the software (including speed of 
     recovery from outages and cybersecurity vulnerabilities), and 
     assessments and estimations of the size and complexity of 
     such software, are automatically generated on a continuous 
     basis and made available to the Department of Defense and the 
     congressional defense committees.
       (5) Administration of software acquisition pathways.--The 
     guidance required by subsection (a) may provide for the use 
     of any of the following streamlined procedures:
       (A) The service acquisition executive of the military 
     department concerned shall appoint a project manager for each 
     acquisition of software applications and software upgrades, 
     as determined by the service acquisition executive. Such 
     project manager shall be appointed from among civilian 
     employees or members of the Armed Forces who have significant 
     and relevant experience in current software processes.
       (B) Each project manager shall report with respect to such 
     acquisition directly, and without intervening review or 
     approval, to the service acquisition executive of the 
     military department concerned.
       (C) The service acquisition executive of the military 
     department concerned shall evaluate the job performance of 
     such manager on an annual basis. In conducting an evaluation 
     under this paragraph, a service acquisition executive shall 
     consider the extent to which the manager has achieved the 
     objectives of the acquisition for which the manager is 
     responsible, including quality, timeliness, and cost 
     objectives.
       (D) The project manager shall be authorized staff positions 
     for a technical staff, including experts in software 
     engineering to enable the manager to manage the acquisition 
     without the technical assistance of another organizational 
     unit of an agency to the maximum extent practicable.
       (E) The project manager shall be authorized, in 
     coordination with the users and testers of the software to be 
     acquired, to make tradeoffs among lifecycle costs, 
     requirements, and schedules to meet the goals of the 
     acquisition.
       (F) The service acquisition executive or the Under 
     Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment, as 
     applicable, shall serve as the decision authority for the 
     acquisition.
       (G) The project manager of a defense streamlined 
     acquisition shall be provided a process to expeditiously seek 
     a waiver from Congress from any statutory or regulatory 
     requirement that the project manager determines adds little 
     or no value to the management of the acquisition.
       (e) Contract Terms.--
       (1) In general.--A contract entered into pursuant to the 
     guidance required by subsection (a)--
       (A) may be awarded within a 90-day period after 
     solicitation on the basis of--
       (i) statements of qualifications and past performance data 
     submitted by offerors; and
       (ii) discussions with two or more qualified offerors 
     without regard to price;
       (B) may be a time-and-materials contract;
       (C) shall be treated as a contract for the acquisition of 
     commercial services (as defined in section 103a of title 41, 
     United States Code, as in effect on January 1, 2020);
       (D) shall identify the individuals to perform the work of 
     the contract, and such individuals may not be replaced 
     without the advance written consent of the contracting 
     officer; and
       (E) may allow for a contractor performing the work of the 
     contract to review existing software in consultation with the 
     user community and incorporate user feedback to--
       (i) define and prioritize software requirements; and
       (ii) design and implement new software applications and 
     software upgrades.

[[Page H5396]]

       (2) Options.--A contract entered into pursuant to the 
     guidance required by subsection (a) may contain an option to 
     extend the contract once, for a period not to exceed one 
     year, to complete the implementation of one or more specified 
     software applications and software upgrades identified during 
     the period of the initial contract. Such an option may not be 
     in an amount greater than $100,000,000 and--
       (A) if the option is a time-and-materials contract, it 
     shall be treated as a contract for the acquisition of 
     commercial services (as defined in section 103a of title 41, 
     United States Code); and
       (B) if the option is a fixed-price contract, it shall be 
     treated as a contract for the acquisition of commercial 
     products (as defined in section 103 of title 41, United 
     States Code).
       (f) Rule of Construction.--Nothing in this section shall be 
     deemed to prevent the use of other methods of acquisition to 
     procure software applications and upgrades.
       (g) Conforming Amendment.--Section 2430(a)(2) of title 10, 
     United States Code, is amended--
       (1) in subparagraph (A), by striking ``or'' at the end;
       (2) in subparagraph (B), by striking the period at the end 
     and inserting ``; or''; and
       (3) by adding at the end the following new subparagraph:
       ``(C) an acquisition program for software applications and 
     software upgrades carried out using the acquisition guidance 
     issued pursuant to section 801 of the National Defense 
     Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2020.''.

     SEC. 802. SOFTWARE DEVELOPMENT AND SOFTWARE ACQUISITION 
                   TRAINING AND MANAGEMENT PROGRAMS.

       (a) Establishment of Software Development and Software 
     Acquisition Training and Management Programs.--
       (1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense, acting through 
     the Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and 
     Sustainment and in consultation with the Under Secretary of 
     Defense for Research and Engineering and the Chief 
     Information Officer of the Department of Defense, shall 
     establish software development and software acquisition 
     training and management programs for all software acquisition 
     professionals, software developers, and other appropriate 
     individuals, as determined by the Secretary of Defense to 
     earn a certification in software development and software 
     acquisition.
       (2) Program contents.--The programs established under 
     paragraph (1) shall--
       (A) develop and expand the use of specialized training 
     programs for chief information officers of the military 
     departments and the Defense Agencies, service acquisition 
     executives, program executive officers, and program managers 
     to include training on and experience in--
       (i) continuous software development; and
       (ii) acquisition pathways available to acquire software;
       (B) ensure program managers for major defense acquisition 
     programs, defense business systems, and other software 
     programs of the Department of Defense--
       (i) have demonstrated competency in current software 
     processes;
       (ii) have the skills to lead a workforce that can quickly 
     meet challenges, use software tools that prioritize 
     continuous or frequent upgrades as such tools become 
     available, take up opportunities provided by new innovations, 
     and plan software activities in short iterations to learn 
     from risks of software testing; and
       (iii) have the experience and training to delegate 
     technical oversight and execution decisions; and
       (C) include continuing education courses and experiential 
     training to help individuals maintain skills learned through 
     the programs.
       (b) Reports.--
       (1) Reports required.--The Secretary shall submit to the 
     congressional defense committees--
       (A) not later than 90 days after the date of the enactment 
     of this Act, an initial report; and
       (B) not later than one year after the date of the enactment 
     of this Act, a final report.
       (2) Contents.--Each report required under paragraph (1) 
     shall include--
       (A) the status of implementing the software development and 
     software acquisition training and management programs 
     established under subsection (a)(1);
       (B) a description of the requirements for certification, 
     including the requirements for competencies in current 
     software processes;
       (C) a description of potential career paths in software 
     development and software acquisition within the Department of 
     Defense;
       (D) an independent assessment conducted by the Defense 
     Innovation Board of the progress made on implementing the 
     programs established under subsection (a)(1); and
       (E) any recommendations for changes to existing law to 
     facilitate the implementation of the programs established 
     under subsection (a)(1).
       (c) Definitions.--In this section:
       (1) Program executive officer; program manager.--The terms 
     ``program executive officer'' and ``program manager'' have 
     the meanings given those terms, respectively, in section 1737 
     of title 10, United States Code.
       (2) Service acquisition executive.--The terms ``military 
     department'', ``Defense Agency'', and ``service acquisition 
     executive'' have the meanings given those terms, 
     respectively, in section 101 of title 10, United States Code.
       (3) Major defense acquisition program.--The term ``major 
     defense acquisition program'' has the meaning given in 
     section 2430 of title 10, United States Code.
       (4) Defense business system.--The term ``defense business 
     system'' has the meaning given in section 2222(i)(1) of title 
     10, United States Code.

     SEC. 803. MODIFICATIONS TO COST OR PRICING DATA FOR CERTAIN 
                   PROCUREMENTS.

       (a) Cost or Pricing Data for Certain Commercial Products.--
       (1) In general.--Section 2306a(b)(4) of title 10, United 
     States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following 
     new subparagraph:
       ``(D) If the head of contracting activity determines, based 
     on market research, that a commercial item will be solely 
     procured by the Department of Defense, the offeror of such 
     commercial product shall provide cost or pricing data to the 
     contracting officer pursuant to subsection (a).''.
       (2) Conforming amendment.--Effective January 1, 2020, 
     subparagraph (D) of section 2306a(b)(4) of title 10, United 
     States Code, as added by paragraph (1), is amended by 
     striking ``commercial item'' and inserting ``commercial 
     product''.
       (b) Data Other Than Certified Cost or Pricing Data for Sole 
     Source Contract Awards.--
       (1) In general.--Not later than 60 days after the date of 
     the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall 
     revise the Defense Supplement to the Federal Acquisition 
     Regulation to require an offeror for a sole source contract, 
     subcontract, or modification of a sole source contract or 
     subcontract, to submit to the contracting officer data other 
     than certified cost or pricing data under section 2306a(d) of 
     title 10, United States Code, for purposes of determining the 
     reasonableness of the price of the contract, subcontract, or 
     modification of the contract or subcontract.
       (2) Penalty.--With respect to an offeror that fails to 
     comply with the requirements established under paragraph (1), 
     the Secretary of Defense may--
       (A) suspend or debar such offeror; or
       (B) include a notation on such offeror in the system used 
     by the Federal Government to monitor or record contractor 
     past performance.
       (c) Should-cost Analysis for Commercial Product 
     Procurements.--The Director of the Defense Contract 
     Management Agency shall identify which commercial products 
     (as defined in section 103 of title 41, United States Code, 
     as in effect on January 1, 2020) should be analyzed under the 
     should-cost review process before the Secretary of Defense 
     enters into a contract to procure such a commercial product.
       (d) Guidelines and Resources on the Acquisition or 
     Licensing of Intellectual Property.--Section 2322 of title 
     10, United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the 
     following new subsection:
       ``(c) Guidelines and Resources.--
       ``(1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense, acting through 
     the Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and 
     Sustainment, shall develop guidelines and resources on the 
     acquisition or licensing of intellectual property, 
     including--
       ``(A) model forms for specially negotiated licenses 
     described under section 2320(f) (as appropriate); and
       ``(B) an identification of definitions, key terms, 
     examples, and case studies that resolve ambiguities in the 
     differences between--
       ``(i) detailed manufacturing and process data;
       ``(ii) form, fit, and function data; and
       ``(iii) data required for operations, maintenance, 
     installation, and training.
       ``(2) Consultation.--In developing the guidelines and 
     resources described in paragraph (1), the Secretary shall 
     regularly consult with appropriate stakeholders, including 
     large and small businesses, traditional and non-traditional 
     contractors (including subcontractors), and maintenance 
     repair organizations.''.

     SEC. 804. MODIFICATIONS TO COST OR PRICING DATA ON BELOW-
                   THRESHOLD CONTRACTS.

       (a) Below-threshold Civilian Contracts.--Section 3504 of 
     title 41, United States Code is amended--
       (1) by striking ``head of the procuring activity'' each 
     place it appears and inserting ``contracting officer'';
       (2) in subsection (b), by striking ``or (2)''; and
       (3) by striking subsection (c).
       (b) Below-threshold Defense Contracts.--Section 2306a(c) of 
     title 10, United States Code, is amended--
       (1) by striking ``head of the procuring activity'' each 
     place it appears and inserting ``contracting officer'';
       (2) in paragraph (2), by striking ``or (B)''; and
       (3) by striking paragraph (3).

     SEC. 805. COMPTROLLER GENERAL REPORT ON PRICE REASONABLENESS.

       Not later than March 31, 2021, the Comptroller General of 
     the United States shall submit to the congressional defense 
     committees, the Committee on Oversight and Reform of the 
     House of Representatives, and the Committee on Homeland 
     Security and Governmental Affairs of the Senate a report on 
     the efforts of the Secretary of Defense to secure data 
     relating to the price reasonableness of offers from offerors. 
     The report shall include a review of--
       (1) the number of, and justification for, any waiver of 
     requirements for submission of certified cost or pricing data 
     for sole source contracts for spare parts issued during 
     fiscal years 2015 through 2019 pursuant to section 
     2306a(b)(1)(C) of title 10, United States Code;
       (2) the number of, and justification for, any exception to 
     the requirements for submission of certified cost or pricing 
     data for sole source contracts for spare parts provided 
     during fiscal years 2015 through 2019 pursuant to section 
     2306a(b)(1)(B) of title 10, United States Code;
       (3) the number of contracts awarded for which a request for 
     cost or pricing data, including data other than certified 
     cost or pricing data, to determine price reasonableness was 
     denied by an offeror at the time of award;
       (4) actions taken by the Secretary if an offeror refused to 
     provide request data described in paragraph (2), including--
       (A) whether the contracting officer included a notation in 
     the system used by the Federal Government to monitor or 
     record contractor past performance regarding the refusal of 
     an offeror to provide such data;

[[Page H5397]]

       (B) any strategies developed by the Secretary to acquire 
     the good that was the subject of a contract for which the 
     offeror refused to provide such data in the future without 
     the need for such a waiver.

     SEC. 806. REQUIREMENT THAT CERTAIN SHIP COMPONENTS BE 
                   MANUFACTURED IN THE NATIONAL TECHNOLOGY AND 
                   INDUSTRIAL BASE.

       (a) Additional Procurement Limitation.--Section 2534(a) of 
     title 10, United States Code, is amended by adding at the end 
     the following new paragraph:
       ``(6) Components for auxiliary ships.--Subject to 
     subsection (k), the following components:
       ``(A) Auxiliary equipment, including pumps, for all 
     shipboard services.
       ``(B) Propulsion system components, including engines, 
     reduction gears, and propellers.
       ``(C) Shipboard cranes.
       ``(D) Spreaders for shipboard cranes.''.
       (b) Implementation.--Such section is further amended by 
     adding at the end the following new subsection:
       ``(k) Implementation of Auxiliary Ship Component 
     Limitation.--Subsection (a)(6) applies only with respect to 
     contracts awarded by the Secretary of a military department 
     for new construction of an auxiliary ship after the date of 
     the enactment of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
     Fiscal Year 2020 using funds available for National Defense 
     Sealift Fund programs or Shipbuilding and Conversion, Navy. 
     For purposes of this subsection, the term `auxiliary ship' 
     does not include an icebreaker.''.

     SEC. 807. ACQUISITION AND DISPOSAL OF CERTAIN RARE EARTH 
                   MATERIALS.

       (a) Guidance on Streamlined Acquisition of Covered Rare 
     Earth Materials.--
       (1) In general.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
     the enactment of this Act, the Under Secretary of Defense for 
     Acquisition and Sustainment, in consultation with the Under 
     Secretary of Defense (Comptroller), the Vice Chairman of the 
     Joint Chiefs of Staff, and the appropriate Under Secretary of 
     State designated by the Secretary of State shall establish 
     guidance to--
       (A) enable the acquisition of items containing rare earth 
     materials; and
       (B) establish a secure supply chain for rare earth 
     materials from sources within the United States and covered 
     foreign sources.
       (2) Contents.--The guidance required by paragraph (1) shall 
     encourage the use of rare earth materials mined, refined, 
     processed, melted, or sintered in the United States and 
     include--
       (A) a determination of when best value contracting methods 
     should be used to ensure the viability of a rare earth 
     material supplier;
       (B) a guide to the applicability of relevant statutes, 
     including sections 2533b and 2533c of title 10, United States 
     Code, and other statutory or regulatory restrictions to 
     defense contracts and subcontracts;
       (C) information on current sources within the United States 
     and covered foreign sources of rare earth materials along 
     with commonly used commercial documentation and review 
     processes;
       (D) directives on budgeting and expending funds for the 
     qualification and certification of suppliers of rare earth 
     materials within the United States to meet national security 
     needs; and
       (E) any exceptions to the Joint Capabilities Integration 
     and Development System Manual and Department of Defense 
     Directive 5000.01.
       (3) Report.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
     enactment of this Act, the Under Secretary of Defense for 
     Acquisition and Sustainment, in consultation with the 
     appropriate Under Secretary of State designated by the 
     Secretary of State, shall submit to the congressional defense 
     committees, the Committee on Foreign Affairs of the House of 
     Representatives, and the Committee on Foreign Relations of 
     the Senate a report on--
       (A) the guidance required by paragraph (1); and
       (B) the efforts of the Secretary of Defense to create and 
     maintain secure supply chain for rare earth materials from 
     sources within the United States and covered foreign sources.
       (4) Definitions.--In this subsection:
       (A) Covered foreign source.--The term ``covered foreign 
     source'' means a source located in a foreign country that is 
     not an adversary of the United States, as determined by the 
     Secretary of Defense.
       (B) Rare earth material.--The term ``rare earth material'' 
     means a concentrate, oxide, carbonate, fluoride, metal, 
     alloy, magnet, or finished product whose chemical, magnetic, 
     or nuclear properties are largely defined by the presence 
     of--
       (i) yttrium;
       (ii) scandium; or
       (iii) any lanthanide series element.
       (b) Authority to Dispose of and Acquire Materials for the 
     National Defense Stockpile.--
       (1) Disposal authority.--Pursuant to section 5(b) of the 
     Strategic and Critical Materials Stock Piling Act (50 U.S.C. 
     98d(b)), the National Defense Stockpile Manager shall dispose 
     of 3,000,000 pounds of tungsten ores and concentrates 
     contained in the National Defense Stockpile (in addition to 
     any amount previously authorized for disposal).
       (2) Acquisition authority.--
       (A) Authority.--Using funds available in the National 
     Defense Stockpile Transaction Fund, the National Defense 
     Stockpile Manager may acquire the following materials 
     determined to be strategic and critical materials required to 
     meet the defense, industrial, and essential civilian needs of 
     the United States:
       (i) Aerospace-grade rayon.
       (ii) Electrolytic manganese metal.
       (iii) Pitch-based carbon fiber.
       (iv) Rare earth cerium compounds.
       (v) Rare earth lanthanum compounds.
       (B) Amount of authority.--The National Defense Stockpile 
     Manager may use up to $14,420,000 in the National Defense 
     Stockpile Transaction Fund for acquisition of the materials 
     specified in subsection (b).
       (C) Fiscal year limitation.--The authority under subsection 
     (b) is available for purchases during fiscal year 2020 
     through fiscal year 2024.
       (c) National Defense Stockpile Sales.--
       (1) Sense of congress.--It is the sense of Congress that 
     tantalum should be designated as a strategic and critical 
     material under the Strategic and Critical Materials Stock 
     Piling Act (50 U.S.C. 98 et seq.), required to meet the 
     defense, industrial, and essential civilian needs of the 
     United States.
       (2) National defense stockpile sales of tantalum.--Section 
     2533c(d)(1) of title 10, United States code, is amended--
       (A) in subparagraph (C), by striking ``and'' at the end;
       (B) in subparagraph (D), by striking the period at the end 
     and inserting ``; and''; and
       (C) adding at the end the following new subparagraph:
       ``(E) tantalum.''.
       (3) Prohibition on sales of materials.--Section 2533c(a)(2) 
     of title 10, United States Code, is amended by striking 
     ``covered'' before ``material''.

     SEC. 808. PROHIBITION ON ACQUISITION OF TANTALUM FROM NON-
                   ALLIED FOREIGN NATIONS.

       Subsection (d)(1) of section 2533c of title 10, United 
     States Code, is amended--
       (1) in subparagraph (C), by striking ``and'' at the end;
       (2) in subparagraph (D), by striking the period at the end 
     and inserting ``; and''; and
       (3) by adding at the end the following new subparagraph:
       ``(E) tantalum.''.

     SEC. 809. APPLICATION OF MISCELLANEOUS TECHNOLOGY BASE 
                   POLICIES AND PROGRAMS TO THE COLUMBIA-CLASS 
                   SUBMARINE PROGRAM.

       Notwithstanding subchapter V of chapter 148 of title 10, 
     United States Code (except for sections 2534, 2533a, and 
     2533b of such title), for a period of one year beginning on 
     the date of the enactment of this Act, the milestone decision 
     authority (as defined in section 2366a of title 10, United 
     States Code) for the Columbia-class submarine program shall 
     ensure that such program maintains the schedule approved 
     under the Milestone B approval (as defined in such section).

     SEC. 810. APPLICATION OF LIMITATION ON PROCUREMENT OF GOODS 
                   OTHER THAN UNITED STATES GOODS TO THE FFG-
                   FRIGATE PROGRAM.

       Notwithstanding any other provision of law, amounts 
     authorized to carry out the FFG-Frigate Program may be used 
     to award a new contract that provides for the acquisition of 
     the following components regardless of whether those 
     components are manufactured in the United States:
       (1) Auxiliary equipment (including pumps) for shipboard 
     services.
       (2) Propulsion equipment (including engines, reduction 
     gears, and propellers).
       (3) Shipboard cranes.
       (4) Spreaders for shipboard cranes.

     SEC. 811. CONSIDERATION OF PRICE IN PROCUREMENT OF THE FFG(X) 
                   FRIGATE.

       In evaluating proposals for a contract to procure a FFG(X) 
     frigate, the Secretary of the Navy shall ensure price is a 
     critical evaluation factor set forth in the request for 
     proposal (solicitation number N0002419R2300) for the 
     procurement of the frigate.

     SEC. 812. REPEAL OF CONTINUATION OF DATA RIGHTS DURING 
                   CHALLENGES.

       (a) Repeal.--Section 866 of the John S. McCain National 
     Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2019 (Public Law 
     115-232; 132 Stat. 1901; 10 U.S.C. 2321) is repealed.
       (b) Restoration of Amended Provision.--Subsection (i) of 
     section 2321 of title 10, United States Code, is amended to 
     read as follows:
       ``(i) Rights and Liability Upon Final Disposition.--(1) If, 
     upon final disposition, the contracting officer's challenge 
     to the use or release restriction is sustained--
       ``(A) the restriction shall be cancelled; and
       ``(B) if the asserted restriction is found not to be 
     substantially justified, the contractor or subcontractor 
     asserting the restriction shall be liable to the United 
     States for payment of the cost to the United States of 
     reviewing the asserted restriction and the fees and other 
     expenses (as defined in section 2412(d)(2)(A) of title 28) 
     incurred by the United States in challenging the asserted 
     restriction, unless special circumstances would make such 
     payment unjust.
       ``(2) If, upon final disposition, the contracting officer's 
     challenge to the use or release restriction is not 
     sustained--
       ``(A) the United States shall continue to be bound by the 
     restriction; and
       ``(B) the United States shall be liable for payment to the 
     party asserting the restriction for fees and other expenses 
     (as defined in section 2412(d)(2)(A) of title 28) incurred by 
     the party asserting the restriction in defending the asserted 
     restriction if the challenge by the United States is found 
     not to be made in good faith.''.

     SEC. 813. REPEAL OF AUTHORITY TO WAIVE ACQUISITION LAWS TO 
                   ACQUIRE VITAL NATIONAL SECURITY CAPABILITIES.

       Section 806 of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
     Fiscal Year 2016 (Public Law 114-92; 10 U.S.C. 2302 note) is 
     repealed.

     SEC. 814. REPEAL OF TRANSFER OF FUNDS RELATED TO COST 
                   OVERRUNS AND COST UNDERRUNS.

       (a) In General.--Section 828 of the National Defense 
     Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2016 (Public Law 114-92; 10 
     U.S.C. 2430 note) is repealed.

[[Page H5398]]

       (b) Conforming Amendment.--Section 825 of the National 
     Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2018 (Public Law 
     115-91; 131 Stat. 1466) is amended--
       (1) by repealing subsection (b); and
       (2) by striking ``(a) In General.--''.

Subtitle B--Amendments to General Contracting Authorities, Procedures, 
                            and Limitations

     SEC. 821. MODIFICATIONS TO THE MIDDLE TIER OF ACQUISITION 
                   PROGRAMS.

       (a) Access to Technical Data, Records, and Information.--
     Section 804 of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
     Fiscal Year 2016 (Public Law 114-92; 10 U.S.C. 2302 note) is 
     amended by adding at the end the following new subsection:
       ``(e) Access to Technical Data, Records, and Information.--
     The Secretary of Defense shall develop a process to provide 
     the Director of Operational Test and Evaluation, the Director 
     of Cost Assessment and Program Evaluation, and the Under 
     Secretary of Defense for Research and Engineering access to 
     all technical data, records, and information necessary to 
     evaluate the technological maturity, operational 
     effectiveness, and operational suitability of products and 
     technologies proposed to be acquired under the guidance 
     required by subsection (a).''.
       (b) Dollar Threshold for Acquisition Programs.--Subsection 
     (a) of such section is amended--
       (1) by striking ``Not later than'' and inserting the 
     following:
       ``(1) In general.--Not later than'';
       (2) in paragraph (1), as so designated, by striking 
     ``acquisition programs that are intended to be completed in a 
     period of two to five years.'' and inserting the following: 
     ``acquisition programs--
       ``(A) with an eventual total expenditure for research, 
     development, test, and evaluation or an eventual total 
     expenditure for procurement that is less than those 
     expenditures described in section 2430(a)(1)(B) of this 
     title; and
       ``(B) that are intended to be completed in a period of two 
     to five years.''; and
       (3) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
       ``(2) Waiver.--The Secretary of Defense may waive the 
     requirements of subparagraph (A) of paragraph (1), and may 
     not delegate the authority to make such a waiver.''.

     SEC. 822. BRIEFING RELATING TO THE ``MIDDLE TIER'' OF 
                   ACQUISITION PROGRAMS.

       (a) In General.--Not later than December 1, 2019, the 
     Secretary of Defense shall provide a briefing to the 
     congressional defense committees on lessons learned and best 
     practices identified through the use of the ``middle tier'' 
     of acquisition programs described under section 804 of the 
     National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2016 
     (Public Law 114-92; 10 U.S.C. 2302 note). The briefing shall 
     be accompanied by a written analysis--
       (1) identifying which lessons learned can be applied to--
       (A) ``middle tier'' acquisition programs; and
       (B) any major defense acquisition program (as defined under 
     section 2430 of title 10, United States Code);
       (2) describing the extent to which covered risk should be a 
     factor in determining which acquisition authority to use, 
     including--
       (A) an acquisition pathway as described under subsection 
     (b) of section 804 of the National Defense Authorization Act 
     for Fiscal Year 2016 (Public Law 114-92; 10 U.S.C. 2302 
     note);
       (B) the authority described under section 2371b of title 
     10, United States Code;
       (C) acquisition authority relating to urgent operational 
     needs;
       (D) a traditional acquisition process; or
       (E) any other acquisition authority, as determined by the 
     Secretary;
       (3) describing whether any requirements applicable to major 
     defense acquisition programs should be applicable to ``middle 
     tier'' acquisition programs under such section; and
       (4) recommending amendments or revisions (as applicable) to 
     law or regulation, and including available data to support 
     such recommendations.
       (b) Covered Risk Defined.--In this section, the term 
     ``covered risk'' shall have the meaning given by the 
     Secretary of Defense, and shall include a consideration of 
     cost, schedule, performance, risk to operational success.

     SEC. 823. RATES FOR PROGRESS PAYMENTS OR PERFORMANCE-BASED 
                   PAYMENTS.

       (a) Consistency in Establishment of Rates for Progress 
     Payments or Performance-based Payments.--Section 2307(a) of 
     title 10, United States Code, is amended by inserting the 
     following new paragraph:
       ``(3) Except as provided in subsection (g), the Secretary 
     of Defense shall not establish a rate for progress payments 
     or a rate for performance-based payments that is lower than 
     the rate for progress payments or a rate for performance-
     based payments, as applicable, established by another head of 
     an agency.''.
       (b) Payment Authority.--Section 2307(a)(1) of title 10, 
     United States Code, is amended in the matter preceding 
     subparagraph (A) by striking ``The head of any agency may'' 
     and inserting ``The head of an agency may--''.
       (c) Notice of Revision to Rates for Progress Payments or 
     Performance-based Payments.--
       (1) To congress.--The Secretary of Defense may not issue 
     rules to revise the rate for progress payments or the rate 
     for performance-based payments unless the Secretary provides 
     the congressional defense committees with a notice of 
     determination of need for such revision. This notice shall 
     include--
       (A) a justification, including the data and analysis 
     supporting the justification, for the revision; and
       (B) an assessment of how the revision will create a more 
     effective acquisition process and benefit the defense 
     industrial base.
       (2) Publication.--The Secretary shall publish the notice 
     required by paragraph (1) in the Federal Register not later 
     than five business days after providing such notice to the 
     congressional defense committees.

     SEC. 824. ADDITIONAL REQUIREMENTS FOR NEGOTIATIONS FOR 
                   NONCOMMERCIAL COMPUTER SOFTWARE.

       Section 2322a of title 10, United States Code, is amended 
     by adding at the end the following new subsections:
       ``(c) Rights to Noncommercial Computer Software.--As part 
     of any negotiation for the acquisition of noncommercial 
     computer software, the Secretary of Defense may not require a 
     contractor to sell or otherwise relinquish to the Federal 
     Government any rights to noncommercial computer software 
     developed exclusively at private expense, except for rights 
     related to--
       ``(1) corrections or changes to such software or related 
     materials for such software furnished to the contractor by 
     the Department of Defense;
       ``(2) such software or related materials for such software 
     that is otherwise publicly available or that has been 
     released or disclosed by the contractor or subcontractor 
     without restrictions on further use, release, or disclosure, 
     other than a release or disclosure resulting from the sale, 
     transfer, or other assignment of interest in such software or 
     related materials to another party;
       ``(3) such software or related materials for such software 
     obtained with unlimited rights under another contract with 
     the Federal Government or as a result of such a negotiation; 
     or
       ``(4) such software or related materials for such software 
     furnished to the Department of Defense under a contract or 
     subcontract that includes--
       ``(A) restricted rights in such software, limited rights in 
     technical data, or government purpose rights, where such 
     restricted rights, limited rights, or government purpose 
     rights have expired; or
       ``(B) government purpose rights, where the contractor's 
     exclusive right to use such software or related materials for 
     commercial purposes has expired.
       ``(d) Consideration of Specially Negotiated Licenses.--The 
     Secretary of Defense shall, to the maximum extent 
     practicable, negotiate and enter into a contract with a 
     contractor for a specially negotiated license for 
     noncommercial computer software or related materials for such 
     software necessary to support the product support strategy of 
     a major weapon system or subsystem of a major weapon 
     system.''.

     SEC. 825. RESPONSIBILITY FOR DATA ANALYSIS AND REQUIREMENTS 
                   VALIDATION FOR SERVICES CONTRACTS.

       Section 2329 of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
       (1) in subsection (a), by inserting ``, acting through the 
     Under Secretary of Defense (Comptroller) and Director of Cost 
     Assessment and Program Evaluation,'' after ``Secretary of 
     Defense'';
       (2) in subsection (b), in the matter preceding paragraph 
     (1), by inserting ``, acting through the Under Secretary of 
     Defense (Comptroller) and Director of Cost Assessment and 
     Program Evaluation,'' after ``Secretary of Defense''; and
       (3) in subsection (c)(2)(A), by inserting ``, acting 
     through the Under Secretary of Defense (Comptroller) and 
     Director of Cost Assessment and Program Evaluation,'' after 
     ``Secretary of Defense''.

     SEC. 826. ANNUAL REPORTS ON AUTHORITY TO CARRY OUT CERTAIN 
                   PROTOTYPE PROJECTS.

       (a) In General.--Section 2371b of title 10, United States 
     Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new 
     subsections:
       ``(i) Data Collection and Use.--(1) The service acquisition 
     executive of each military department shall collect data on 
     the use of the authority under this section by the applicable 
     military department, and the Under Secretary of Defense for 
     Research and Engineering and the Under Secretary of Defense 
     for Acquisition and Sustainment shall collect data on all 
     other use of such authority by the Department of Defense, 
     including use by the Defense Agencies.
       ``(2) The Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and 
     Sustainment shall--
       ``(A) maintain a database of information collected under 
     this section, which shall be made accessible to any official 
     designated by the Secretary of Defense; and
       ``(B) analyze such information to update policy and 
     guidance related to the use of the authority under this 
     section.
       ``(j) Report.--(1) Not later than December 31, 2019, and 
     each December 31 thereafter the Secretary of Defense shall 
     annually submit to the congressional defense committees a 
     report covering the preceding fiscal year on the use of the 
     authority under this section. Each report shall summarize the 
     data collected under subsection (i) on the nature and extent 
     of each such use of the authority, including a description--
       ``(A) of the participants to an agreement entered into 
     pursuant to the authority of subsection (a) or a follow-on 
     contract or transaction entered into pursuant to the 
     authority of subsection (f);
       ``(B) of the quantity of prototype projects to be produced 
     pursuant to such an agreement, follow-on contract, or 
     transaction;
       ``(C) of the amount of payments made pursuant to each such 
     agreement, follow-on contract, or transaction;
       ``(D) of the purpose, description, and status of prototype 
     projects carried out pursuant to each such agreement, follow-
     on contract, or transaction; and
       ``(E) including case examples, of the successes and 
     challenges with using the authority of subsection (a) or (f).

[[Page H5399]]

       ``(2) A report required under this subsection shall be 
     submitted in unclassified form without any designation 
     relating to dissemination control, but may contain a 
     classified annex.''.
       (b) Conforming Amendment.--Section 873 of the John S. 
     McCain National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 
     2019 (Public Law 115-232; 132 Stat. 1905; 10 U.S.C. 2371 
     note) is repealed.

     SEC. 827. COMPETITION REQUIREMENTS FOR PURCHASES FROM FEDERAL 
                   PRISON INDUSTRIES.

       (a) Competition Requirements for Purchases From Federal 
     Prison Industries.--Subsections (a) and (b) of section 2410n 
     of title 10, United States Code, are amended to read as 
     follows:
       ``(a) Market Research.--Before purchasing a product listed 
     in the latest edition of the Federal Prison Industries 
     catalog published under section 4124(d) of title 18, the 
     Secretary of Defense shall conduct market research to 
     determine whether such product--
       ``(1) is comparable to products available from the private 
     sector; and
       ``(2) best meets the needs of the Department of Defense in 
     terms of price, quality, and time of delivery.
       ``(b) Competition Requirement.--If the Secretary determines 
     that a Federal Prison Industries product is not comparable to 
     products available from the private sector and does not best 
     meet the needs of the Department of Defense in terms of 
     price, quality, or time of delivery, the Secretary shall use 
     competitive procedures or make an individual purchase under a 
     multiple award contract for the procurement of the product. 
     In conducting such a competition or making such a purchase, 
     the Secretary shall consider a timely offer from Federal 
     Prison Industries.''.
       (b) Effective Date.--The amendment made by subsection (a) 
     shall take effect 60 days after the date of the enactment of 
     this Act.

     SEC. 828. ENHANCED POST-AWARD DEBRIEFING RIGHTS.

       Section 818(a)(1) of the National Defense Authorization Act 
     for Fiscal Year 2018 (Public Law 115-91; 131 Stat. 1463; 10 
     U.S.C. 2305 note) is amended by striking ``$100,000,000'' 
     each place it appears and inserting ``$50,000,000''.

     SEC. 829. STANDARDIZING DATA COLLECTION AND REPORTING ON USE 
                   OF SOURCE SELECTION PROCEDURES BY FEDERAL 
                   AGENCIES.

       (a) Repeal of Government Accountability Office Reporting 
     Requirements on Use of Lowest Price Technically Acceptable 
     Source Selection Criteria.--
       (1) Department of defense.--Section 813 of the National 
     Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017 (10 U.S.C. 
     2305 note) is amended by striking subsection (d).
       (2) Other agencies.--Section 880 of the John S. McCain 
     National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2019 
     (Public Law 115-232; 132 Stat. 1910; 41 U.S.C. 3701 note) is 
     amended by striking subsection (d) and redesignating 
     subsection (e) as subsection (d).
       (b) Revision to the Federal Procurement Data System.--Not 
     later than 180 days after the date of the enactment of this 
     Act, the Administrator of General Services, in coordination 
     with the Administrator for Federal Procurement Policy, shall 
     direct appropriate revisions to the Federal procurement data 
     system established pursuant to section 1122(a)(4) of title 
     41, United States Code (or any successor system), to 
     facilitate the collection of complete, timely, and reliable 
     data on the source selection processes used by Federal 
     agencies for the contract actions being reported in the 
     system. The Administrator of General Services shall ensure 
     that data is collected--
       (1) at a minimum, on the usage of the lowest price 
     technically acceptable contracting methods and best value 
     contracting methods process; and
       (2) on all applicable contracting actions, including task 
     orders or delivery orders issued under indefinite delivery-
     indefinite quantity contracts.

     SEC. 830. MODIFICATION OF JUSTIFICATION AND APPROVAL 
                   REQUIREMENT FOR CERTAIN DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE 
                   CONTRACTS.

       (a) Modification of Justification and Approval 
     Requirement.--Notwithstanding section 811 of the National 
     Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2010 (Public Law 
     111-84; 123 Stat. 2405)--
       (1) no justification and approval is required under such 
     section for a sole-source contract awarded by the Department 
     of Defense in a covered procurement for an amount not 
     exceeding $100,000,000; and
       (2) for purposes of subsections (a)(2) and (c)(3)(A) of 
     such section, the appropriate official designated to approve 
     the justification for a sole-source contract awarded by the 
     Department of Defense in a covered procurement exceeding 
     $100,000,000 is the official designated in section 
     2304(f)(1)(B)(ii) of title 10, United States Code.
       (b) Guidance.--Not later than 90 days after the date of the 
     enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall issue 
     guidance to implement the authority under subsection (a).
       (c) Comptroller General Review.--
       (1) Data tracking and collection.--The Department of 
     Defense shall track the use of the authority provided 
     pursuant to subsection (a) and make the data available to the 
     Comptroller General for purposes of the report required under 
     paragraph (2).
       (2) Report.--Not later than February 1, 2022, the 
     Comptroller General of the United States shall submit a 
     report to the congressional defense committees on the use of 
     the authority provided pursuant to subsection (a) through the 
     end of fiscal year 2021.

        Subtitle C--Provisions Relating to Acquisition Workforce

     SEC. 841. DEFENSE ACQUISITION WORKFORCE CERTIFICATION AND 
                   EDUCATION REQUIREMENTS.

       (a) Professional Certification Requirement.--
       (1) Professional certification required for all acquisition 
     workforce personnel.--Section 1701a of title 10, United 
     States Code, is amended--
       (A) by redesignating subsections (c) and (d) as subsections 
     (d) and (e), respectively; and
       (B) by inserting after subsection (b) the following new 
     subsection:
       ``(c) Professional Certification.--(1) In General.--The 
     Secretary of Defense shall implement a certification program 
     to provide for a professional certification requirement for 
     all members of the acquisition workforce. Except as provided 
     in paragraph (2), the certification requirement for any 
     career field of the acquisition workforce shall be based on 
     nationally or internationally recognized standards developed 
     by a third-party entity.
       ``(2) Requirements for Secretary.--If the Secretary 
     determines that, for a particular acquisition workforce 
     career field, the third-party entity described in paragraph 
     (1) does not meet the needs of the Department, the Secretary 
     shall establish the professional certification requirement 
     for that career field that conforms with nationally or 
     internationally recognized standards. The Secretary shall 
     determine the best approach to implement such requirement for 
     that career field, including implementation through entities 
     outside the Department of Defense and may be designed and 
     implemented without regard to section 1746 of this title.''.
       (2) Certification renewal.--Paragraph (3) of section 
     1723(a) of such title is amended by striking the second 
     sentence.
       (3) Participation in professional associations.--Section 
     1701a(b) of such title is amended--
       (A) by redesignating paragraphs (6), (7), (8), and (9) as 
     paragraphs (7), (8), (9), and (10), respectively; and
       (B) by inserting after paragraph (5) the following new 
     paragraph:
       ``(6) authorize a member of the acquisition workforce to 
     participate in professional associations, consistent with the 
     performance plan of such member, if such participation 
     provides the member with the opportunity to gain leadership 
     and management skills;''.
       (4) Effective date.--The Secretary of Defense shall carry 
     out the certification program required by subsection (c) of 
     section 1701a of title 10, United States Code, as added by 
     paragraph (1), not later than 180 days after the date of the 
     enactment of this Act.
       (b) Elimination of Statutory Requirement for Completion of 
     24 Semester Credit Hours.--
       (1) Qualification requirements for contracting officers.--
     Section 1724 of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
       (A) in subsection (a)(3)--
       (i) by striking ``(A)'' after ``(3)''; and
       (ii) by striking ``, and (B)'' and all that follows through 
     ``and management'';
       (B) in subsection (b), by striking ``requirements'' in the 
     first sentences of paragraphs (1) and (2) and inserting 
     ``requirement'';
       (C) in subsection (e)--
       (i) in paragraph (1)--

       (I) by striking ``requirements in subparagraphs (A) and (B) 
     of subsection (a)(3)'' and inserting ``requirement of 
     subsection (a)(3)''; and
       (II) in subparagraph (C), by striking ``requirements'' and 
     inserting ``requirement''; and

       (ii) in paragraph (2)--

       (I) by striking ``shall have--'' and all that follows 
     through ``been awarded'' and inserting ``shall have been 
     awarded'';
       (II) by striking ``; or'' and inserting a period; and
       (III) by striking subparagraph (B); and

       (D) in subsection (f), by striking ``, including--'' and 
     all that follows and inserting a period.
       (2) Selection criteria and procedures.--Section 1732 of 
     such title is amended--
       (A) in subsection (b)(1)--
       (i) by striking ``Such requirements,'' and all the follows 
     through ``the person--'' and inserting ``Such requirements 
     shall include a requirement that the person--'';
       (ii) by striking subparagraph (B); and
       (iii) by redesignating clauses (i) and (ii) as 
     subparagraphs (A) and (B), respectively, and conforming the 
     margins accordingly;
       (B) in subsection (c), by striking ``requirements of 
     subsections (b)(1)(A) and (b)(1)(B)'' in paragraphs (1) and 
     (2) and inserting ``requirement of subsection (b)(1)''; and
       (C) in subsection (d)--
       (i) by striking ``(1) Except as provided in paragraph 
     (2),''; and
       (ii) by striking paragraph (2).
       (c) Defense Acquisition University Curriculum 
     Development.--Section 1746(c) of title 10, United States 
     Code, is amended by inserting ``, and with commercial 
     providers of training,'' after ``military departments''.
       (d) Career Paths.--
       (1) Career path required for each acquisition workforce 
     career field.--Paragraph (4) of section 1701a(b) of title 10, 
     United States Code, is amended to read as follows:
       ``(4) develop and implement a career path, as described in 
     section 1722(a) of this title, for each career field 
     designated by the Secretary under section 1721(a) of this 
     title as an acquisition workforce career field;''.
       (2) Conforming amendments.--Section 1722(a) of such title 
     is amended--
       (A) by striking ``appropriate career paths'' and inserting 
     ``an appropriate career path''; and
       (B) by striking ``are identified'' and inserting ``is 
     identified for each acquisition workforce career field''.
       (3) Deadline for implementation of career paths.--The 
     Secretary of Defense shall carry

[[Page H5400]]

     out the requirements of paragraph (4) of section 1701a(b) of 
     title 10, United States Code (as amended by paragraph (1)), 
     not later than the end of the two-year period beginning on 
     the date of the enactment of this Act.
       (e) Career Fields.--
       (1) Designation of acquisition workforce career fields.--
     Section 1721(a) of such title is amended by adding at the end 
     the following new sentence: ``The Secretary shall also 
     designate in regulations those career fields in the 
     Department of Defense that are acquisition workforce career 
     fields for purposes of this chapter.''.
       (2) Clerical amendments.--(A) The heading of such section 
     is amended to read as follows:

     ``Sec. 1721. Designation of acquisition positions and 
       acquisition workforce career fields''.

       (B) The item relating to such section in the table of 
     sections at the beginning of subchapter II of chapter 87 of 
     such title is amended to read as follows:

``1721. Designation of acquisition positions and acquisition workforce 
              career fields.''.
       (3)(A) The heading of subchapter II of chapter 87 of such 
     title is amended to read as follows:

    ``subchapter ii--acquisition positions and acquisition workforce 
                            career fields''.

       (B) The item relating to such subchapter in the table of 
     subchapters at the beginning of such chapter is amended to 
     read as follows:

``II. Acquisition Positions And Acquisition Workforce Career1721''.....

       (4) Deadline for designation of career fields.--The 
     Secretary of Defense shall carry out the requirements of 
     second sentence of section 1721(a) of title 10, United States 
     Code (as added by paragraph (1)), not later than the end of 
     the six-month period beginning on the date of the enactment 
     of this Act.
       (f) Key Work Experiences.--
       (1) Development of key work experiences for each 
     acquisition workforce career field.--Section 1722b of such 
     title is amended by adding at the end the following new 
     subsection:
       ``(c) Key Work Experiences.--In carrying out subsection 
     (b)(2), the Secretary shall ensure that key work experiences, 
     in the form of multidiscipline training, are developed for 
     each acquisition workforce career field.''.
       (2) Plan for implementation of key work experiences.--Not 
     later than one year after the date of the enactment of this 
     Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the 
     congressional defense committees a plan identifying the 
     specific actions the Department of Defense has taken, and is 
     planning to take, to develop and establish key work 
     experiences for each acquisition workforce career field as 
     required by subsection (c) of section 1722b of title 10, 
     United States Code, as added by paragraph (1). The plan shall 
     include specification of the percentage of the acquisition 
     workforce, or funds available for administration of the 
     acquisition workforce on an annual basis, that the Secretary 
     will dedicate towards developing such key work experiences.
       (g) Applicability of Career Path Requirements to All 
     Members of Acquisition Workforce.--Section 1723(b) of such 
     title is amended by striking ``the critical acquisition-
     related''.
       (h) Competency Development.--
       (1) In general.--(A) Subchapter V of chapter 87 of such 
     title is amended by adding at the end the following new 
     section:

     ``Sec. 1765. Competency development

       ``(a) In General.--For each acquisition workforce career 
     field, the Secretary of Defense shall establish, for the 
     civilian personnel in that career field, defined proficiency 
     standards and technical and nontechnical competencies which 
     shall be used in personnel qualification assessments.
       ``(b) Negotiations.--Any action taken by the Secretary 
     under this section, or to implement this section, shall not 
     be subject to the requirements of chapter 71 of title 5.''.
       (B) The table of sections at the beginning of such 
     subchapter II is amended by adding at the end the following 
     new item:

``1765. Competency development.''.
       (2) Deadline for implementation.--The Secretary of Defense 
     shall carry out the requirements of section 1765 of title 10, 
     United States Code (as added by paragraph (1)), not later 
     than the end of the two-year period beginning on the date of 
     the enactment of this Act.
       (i) Termination of Defense Acquisition Corps.--
       (1) The Acquisition Corps for the Department of Defense 
     referred to in section 1731(a) of title 10, United States 
     Code, is terminated.
       (2) Section 1733 of title 10, United States Code, is 
     amended--
       (A) by striking subsection (a); and
       (B) by redesignating subsection (b) as subsection (a).
       (3) Subsection (b) of section 1731 of such title is 
     transferred to the end of section 1733 of such title, as 
     amended by paragraph (2), and amended--
       (A) by striking ``Acquisition Corps'' in the heading and 
     inserting ``the Acquisition Workforce''; and
       (B) by striking ``selected for the Acquisition Corps'' and 
     inserting ``in the acquisition workforce''.
       (4) Subsection (e) of section 1732 of such title is 
     transferred to the end of section 1733 of such title, as 
     amended by paragraphs (2) and (3), redesignated as subsection 
     (c), and amended--
       (A) by striking ``in the Acquisition Corps'' in paragraphs 
     (1) and (2) and inserting ``in critical acquisition 
     positions''; and
       (B) by striking ``serving in the Corps'' in paragraph (2) 
     and inserting ``employment''.
       (5) Sections 1731 and 1732 of such title are repealed.
       (6)(A) Section 1733 of such title, as amended by paragraphs 
     (2), (3), and (4), is redesignated as section 1731.
       (B) The table of sections at the beginning of subchapter 
     III of chapter 87 of such title is amended by striking the 
     items relating to sections 1731, 1732, and 1733 and inserting 
     the following new item:

``1731. Critical acquisition positions.''.
       (7)(A) The heading of subchapter III of chapter 87 of such 
     title is amended to read as follows:

          ``subchapter iii--critical acquisition positions''.

       (B) The item relating to such subchapter in the table of 
     subchapters at the beginning of such chapter is amended to 
     read as follows:

``III. Critical Acquisition Positions.......................1731''.....

       (8) Section 1723(a)(2) of such title is amended by striking 
     ``section 1733 of this title'' and inserting ``section 1731 
     of this title''.
       (9) Section 1725 of such title is amended--
       (A) in subsection (a)(1), by striking ``Defense Acquisition 
     Corps'' and inserting ``acquisition workforce''; and
       (B) in subsection (d)(2), by striking ``of the Defense 
     Acquisition Corps'' and inserting ``in the acquisition 
     workforce serving in critical acquisition positions''.
       (10) Section 1734 of such title is amended--
       (A) by striking ``of the Acquisition Corps'' in subsections 
     (e)(1) and (h) and inserting ``of the acquisition 
     workforce''; and
       (B) in subsection (g)--
       (i) by striking ``of the Acquisition Corps'' in the first 
     sentence and inserting ``of the acquisition workforce'';
       (ii) by striking ``of the Corps'' and inserting ``of the 
     acquisition workforce''; and
       (iii) by striking ``of the Acquisition Corps'' in the 
     second sentence and inserting ``of the acquisition workforce 
     in critical acquisition positions''.
       (11) Section 1737 of such title is amended--
       (A) in subsection (a)(1), by striking ``of the Acquisition 
     Corps'' and inserting ``of the acquisition workforce''; and
       (B) in subsection (b), by striking ``of the Corps'' and 
     inserting ``of the acquisition workforce''.
       (12) Section 1742(a)(1) of such title is amended by 
     striking ``the Acquisition Corps'' and inserting 
     ``acquisition positions in the Department of Defense''.
       (13) Section 2228(a)(4) of such title is amended by 
     striking ``under section 1733(b)(1)(C) of this title'' and 
     inserting ``under section 1731 of this title''.
       (14) Section 7016(b)(5)(B) of such title is amended by 
     striking ``under section 1733 of this title'' and inserting 
     ``under section 1731 of this title''.
       (15) Section 8016(b)(4)(B) of such title is amended by 
     striking ``under section 1733 of this title'' and inserting 
     ``under section 1731 of this title''.
       (16) Section 9016(b)(4)(B) of such title is amended by 
     striking ``under section 1733 of this title'' and inserting 
     ``under section 1731 of this title''.
       (17) Paragraph (1) of section 317 of title 37, United 
     States Code, is amended to read as follows:
       ``(1) is a member of the acquisition workforce selected to 
     serve in, or serving in, a critical acquisition position 
     designated under section 1731 of title 10.''.
       (j) Designation of Foreign Military Sales as Acquisition 
     Position.--Section 1721(b) of title 10, United States Code, 
     is amended by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
       ``(13) Foreign military sales.''.

     SEC. 842. PUBLIC-PRIVATE EXCHANGE PROGRAM FOR THE ACQUISITION 
                   WORKFORCE.

       (a) Public-private Exchange Program for the Acquisition 
     Workforce.--
       (1) In general.--Subchapter IV of chapter 87 of title 10, 
     United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the 
     following new section:

     ``Sec. 1749. Public-private exchange program for the 
       acquisition workforce

       ``(a) Assignment Authority.--(1) The Secretary may, by 
     rule, establish a program to be known as the `Public-Private 
     Exchange Program for the Acquisition Workforce' to 
     temporarily assign a member of the acquisition workforce to a 
     private-sector organization or an employee of a private-
     sector organization to the Department of Defense if--
       ``(A) pursuant to an agreement between the Secretary, the 
     private-sector organization, and the individual to be 
     temporarily assigned described in subsection (b); and
       ``(B) with the consent of the individual to be temporarily 
     assigned.
       ``(2) Members of the acquisition workforce are eligible for 
     a temporary assignment under this section as follows:
       ``(A) Civilians in any of grades GS-12 through GS-15 under 
     the General Schedule or, for employees participating in the 
     demonstration project under section 1762 of this title, the 
     equivalent.
       ``(B) Members of the armed forces serving in any of pay 
     grades O-3 through O-6.
       ``(3) A private-sector organization shall not be considered 
     to have a conflict of interest with the Department of Defense 
     solely because of participation in the program established 
     under this section.
       ``(b) Agreements.--(1) An agreement entered into under this 
     section shall include the following:
       ``(A) The terms and conditions of a temporary assignment.
       ``(B) In the case of an agreement for the temporary 
     assignment of a member of the acquisition workforce, a 
     requirement that the member of the acquisition workforce, 
     upon completion of the temporary assignment, will--
       ``(i) if a member of the armed forces, serve in the armed 
     forces for a period equal to twice the

[[Page H5401]]

     length of the temporary assignment (in addition to any other 
     period of obligated service); or
       ``(ii) if a civilian, serve in the Department of Defense, 
     or elsewhere in the civil service if approved by the 
     Secretary, for a period equal to twice the length of the 
     temporary assignment.
       ``(C) A provision that if the individual to be temporarily 
     assigned fails to carry out the agreement, such individual 
     shall be liable to the United States for payment of all 
     expenses of the assignment, unless that failure was for good 
     and sufficient reason, as determined by the Secretary of 
     Defense.
       ``(D) In the case of an agreement for the temporary 
     assignment of a member of the acquisition workforce, language 
     ensuring that such member of the acquisition workforce does 
     not improperly use pre-decisional or draft deliberative 
     information that such member may be privy to or aware of 
     related to Department programing, budgeting, resourcing, 
     acquisition, or procurement for the benefit or advantage of 
     the private-sector organization.
       ``(2) An amount for which an individual is liable under 
     paragraph (1)(C) shall be treated as a debt due the United 
     States.
       ``(3) The Secretary may waive, in whole or in part, 
     collection of a debt described in paragraph (2) based on a 
     determination that the collection would be against equity and 
     good conscience and not in the best interests of the United 
     States, after taking into account any indication of fraud, 
     misrepresentation, fault, or lack of good faith on the part 
     of the individual who is liable for the debt.
       ``(c) Termination.--An assignment under this section may, 
     at any time and for any reason, be terminated by the 
     Department of Defense or the private-sector organization 
     concerned.
       ``(d) Duration.--(1) Except as provided in paragraph (2), 
     an assignment under this section shall be for a period of not 
     more than two years, renewable up to a total of four years.
       ``(2) An assignment under this section may be for a period 
     in excess of two years, but not more than four years, if the 
     Secretary determines that such assignment is necessary to 
     meet critical mission or program requirements.
       ``(3) A member of the acquisition workforce may not be 
     assigned under this section for more than a total of four 
     years inclusive of all such assignments.
       ``(e) Status of Individuals Assigned to Private-sector 
     Organizations.--(1) A member of the acquisition workforce who 
     is assigned to a private-sector organization under this 
     section shall be considered, during the period of assignment, 
     to be on detail to a regular duty or work assignment, as 
     applicable, in the Department for all purposes.
       ``(2) In the case of a civilian member of the acquisition 
     workforce, the written agreement established under subsection 
     (b)(1)--
       ``(A) shall address the specific terms and conditions 
     related to the civilian member's continued status as a 
     Federal employee; and
       ``(B) in the case of an assignment of nine months or 
     longer, shall provide that, if the civilian member 
     successfully completes the assignment (as determined by the 
     Secretary), the civilian member shall be eligible for 
     consideration for placement in a new position under programs 
     of the Department of Defense providing priority placement to 
     certain employees.
       ``(3) With respect to an assignment of a member of the 
     acquisition workforce under this section, the Secretary--
       ``(A) may, in the case of a civilian member of the 
     acquisition workforce, provide for the performance, during 
     the member's absence, of the normal duties and functions of 
     that member by making a temporary or term appointment under 
     general civil service authorities for such appointments;
       ``(B) shall ensure that the normal duties and functions of 
     the civilian member of the acquisition workforce described in 
     subparagraph (A) can be reasonably performed by other 
     personnel of the Department of Defense without the permanent 
     transfer or permanent reassignment of other personnel of the 
     Department of Defense, including members of the armed forces;
       ``(C) shall ensure that the normal duties and functions of 
     the acquisition workforce member are not, as a result of and 
     during the course of such temporary assignment, performed or 
     augmented by contractor personnel in violation of the 
     provisions of section 2461 of this title; and
       ``(D) shall certify that the temporary assignment of the 
     acquisition workforce member will not have an adverse or 
     negative impact on mission attainment, warfighter support, or 
     organizational capabilities associated with the assignment.
       ``(f) Terms and Conditions for Private-sector Employees.--
     An employee of a private-sector organization who is assigned 
     to a Department of Defense organization under this section--
       ``(1) shall continue to receive pay and benefits from the 
     private-sector organization from which such employee is 
     assigned and shall not receive pay or benefits from the 
     Department of Defense, except as provided in paragraph (2);
       ``(2) is deemed to be an employee of the Department of 
     Defense for the purposes of--
       ``(A) chapters 73 and 81 of title 5;
       ``(B) sections 201, 203, 205, 207, 208, 209, 603, 606, 607, 
     643, 654, 1905, and 1913 of title 18;
       ``(C) sections 1343, 1344, and 1349(b) of title 31;
       ``(D) the Federal Tort Claims Act and any other Federal 
     tort liability statute;
       ``(E) the Ethics in Government Act of 1978; and
       ``(F) chapter 21 of title 41;
       ``(3) shall not have access to any trade secrets or to any 
     other nonpublic information which is of commercial value to 
     the private-sector organization from which such employee is 
     assigned;
       ``(4) may perform work that is considered inherently 
     governmental in nature only when requested in writing by the 
     Secretary of Defense; and
       ``(5) may not be used to circumvent the provision of 
     section 2461 of this title nor to circumvent any limitation 
     or restriction on the size of the Department's workforce.
       ``(g) Prohibition Against Charging Certain Costs to the 
     Federal Government.--A private-sector organization may not 
     charge the Department or any other agency of the Federal 
     Government, as direct or indirect costs under a Federal 
     contract, the costs of pay or benefits paid by the 
     organization to an employee assigned to a Department 
     organization under this section for the period of the 
     assignment.
       ``(h) Consideration of Training Needs for Members of the 
     Acquisition Workforce.--In carrying out this section, the 
     Secretary of Defense shall take into consideration how 
     assignments under this section might best be used to help 
     meet the needs of the Department of Defense with respect to 
     the training of members of the acquisition workforce.
       ``(i) Funding; Use of Defense Acquisition Workforce 
     Development Fund.--Funds for the expenses for the program 
     established under this section shall be provided from amounts 
     in the Department of Defense Acquisition Workforce 
     Development Fund. Expenses for the program include--
       ``(1) notwithstanding section 1705(e)(5) of this title, the 
     base salary of a civilian member of the acquisition workforce 
     assigned to a private-sector organization under this section, 
     during the period of that assignment;
       ``(2) expenses relating to assignment under this section of 
     a member of the acquisition workforce away from the member's 
     regular duty station, including expenses for travel, per 
     diem, and lodging; and
       ``(3) expenses for the administration of the program.''.
       (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at the 
     beginning of such subchapter is amended by adding at the end 
     the following new item:

``1749. Public-private exchange program for the acquisition 
              workforce.''.
       (b) Use of Defense Acquisition Workforce Development 
     Fund.--Section 1705(e)(1) of such title is amended by adding 
     at the end the following new subparagraph:
       ``(C) Amounts in the Fund shall be used to pay the expenses 
     of the Public-Private Exchange Program for the Acquisition 
     Workforce under section 1749 of this title.''.
       (c) Acquisition Workforce Employees Excluded From Public-
     private Talent Exchange.--
       (1) In general.--Section 1599g of such title is amended by 
     adding at the end the following new subsection:
       ``(i) Acquisition workforce employees.--An employee of the 
     Department of Defense who is eligible for the Public-Private 
     Exchange Program for the Acquisition Workforce under section 
     1749 of this title is not eligible for an assignment under 
     this section.''.
       (2) Applicability.--Subsection (i) of section 1599g of 
     title 10, United States Code, as added by paragraph (1), 
     shall not apply to an employee of the Department of Defense 
     who entered into an agreement under that section before the 
     date of the enactment of this Act.

     SEC. 843. INCENTIVES AND CONSIDERATION FOR QUALIFIED TRAINING 
                   PROGRAMS.

       (a) In General.--
       (1) Chapter 141 of title 10, United States Code, is amended 
     by inserting after section 2409 the following new section:

     ``Sec. 2409a. Incentives and consideration for qualified 
       training programs

       ``(a) Incentives.--The Secretary of Defense shall develop 
     workforce development investment incentives for a contractor 
     that implements a qualified training program to develop the 
     workforce of the contractor in a manner consistent with the 
     needs of the Department of Defense.
       ``(b) Consideration of Qualified Training Programs.--The 
     Secretary of Defense shall revise the Department of Defense 
     Supplement to the Federal Acquisition Regulation to require 
     that the system used by the Federal Government to monitor or 
     record contractor past performance includes an analysis of 
     the availability, quality, and effectiveness of a qualified 
     training program of an offeror as part of the past 
     performance rating of such offeror.
       ``(c) Qualified Training Program Defined.--The term 
     `qualified training program' means any of the following:
       ``(1) A program eligible to receive funds under the 
     Workforce Innovation and Opportunity Act (29 U.S.C. 3101 et 
     seq.).
       ``(2) A program eligible to receive funds under the Carl D. 
     Perkins Career and Technical Education Act of 2006 (20 U.S.C. 
     2301 et seq.).
       ``(3) A program registered under the Act of August 16, 1937 
     (commonly known as the `National Apprenticeship Act'; Stat. 
     664, chapter 663; 29 U.S.C. 50 et seq.).
       ``(4) Any other program determined to be a qualified 
     training program for purposes of this section, and that meets 
     the workforce needs of the Department of Defense, as 
     determined by the Secretary of Defense.''.
       (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at the 
     beginning of such chapter is amended by inserting after the 
     item relating to section 2409 the following new item:

``2409a. Incentives and consideration for qualified training 
              programs.''.

     SEC. 844. CERTIFICATION BY PROSPECTIVE MILITARY CONSTRUCTION 
                   CONTRACTORS OF GOOD FAITH EFFORT TO UTILIZE 
                   QUALIFIED APPRENTICES.

       (a) Requirements.--Subchapter III of chapter 169 of title 
     10, United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the 
     following new section:

     ``Sec. 2870. Utilization of qualified apprentices by military 
       construction contractors

       ``(a) Certification Required.--(1) The Secretary of Defense 
     shall require each prospective

[[Page H5402]]

     contractor on a military construction project to certify to 
     the Secretary that, if awarded a contract for the project, 
     the prospective contractor will make a good faith effort to 
     meet or exceed the apprenticeship employment goal on such 
     project.
       ``(2) If a prospective contractor fails to certify as 
     required by paragraph (1), the Secretary may not determine 
     such prospective contractor to be a responsible contractor.
       ``(b) Apprenticeship Employment Goal.--
       ``(1) In general.--In this section, the term 
     `apprenticeship employment goal' means the utilization of 
     qualified apprentices as not less than 20 percent of the 
     total workforce employed in an apprenticeable occupation (as 
     determined by the Secretary of Labor).
       ``(2) Qualified apprentice.--In paragraph (1), the term 
     `qualified apprentice' means an employee participating in an 
     apprenticeship program that is registered with--
       ``(A) the Office of Apprenticeship of the Employment 
     Training Administration of the Department of Labor pursuant 
     to the Act of August 16, 1937 (popularly known as the 
     `National Apprenticeship Act'; 29 U.S.C. 50 et seq.); or
       ``(B) a State apprenticeship agency recognized by such 
     Office of Apprenticeship pursuant to such Act.
       ``(c) Consideration of Apprenticeship Employment Goal.--The 
     Secretary of Defense shall revise the Defense Supplement to 
     the Federal Acquisition Regulation to require that the system 
     used by the Federal Government to monitor or record 
     contractor past performance includes an analysis of whether 
     the contractor has made a good faith effort to meet or exceed 
     the apprenticeship employment goal, including consideration 
     of actual utilization by the contractor of qualified 
     apprentices, as part of the past performance rating of such 
     contractor.
       ``(d) Incentives.--The Secretary of Defense shall develop 
     incentives for prospective contractors on military 
     construction projects to meet or exceed the apprenticeship 
     employment goal.''.
       (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the 
     beginning of subchapter III of chapter 169 of title 10, 
     United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the 
     following new item:

``2870. Utilization of qualified apprentices by military construction 
              contractors.''.
       (c) Applicability.--The amendments made by this section 
     shall apply with respect to contracts awarded on or after the 
     date that is 180 days after the date of the enactment of this 
     Act.

        Subtitle D--Provisions Relating to Acquisition Security

     SEC. 851. SUPPLY CHAIN SECURITY OF CERTAIN TELECOMMUNICATIONS 
                   AND VIDEO SURVEILLANCE SERVICES OR EQUIPMENT.

       (a) Assessment.--The Secretary of Defense, in consultation 
     with the Federal Acquisition Security Council (established 
     under section 1322 of title 41, United States Code) and the 
     Director of the Office of Management and Budget, shall 
     conduct a comprehensive assessment of--
       (1) Department of Defense policies relating to covered 
     equipment and services;
       (2) covered equipment and services acquired or to be 
     acquired for the Department; and
       (3) systems of covered contractors to ensure the security 
     of the supply chains of such covered contractor.
       (b) Purpose.--The assessment described in subsection (a) 
     shall include--
       (1) an identification of instances in which the Federal 
     Acquisition Security Council has identified supply chain 
     risks (as defined in section 4713(k) of title 41, United 
     States Code) that are specific to the defense industrial base 
     and other threat assessments related to the procurement of 
     covered articles (as defined in such section);
       (2) an identification of and suggestions for guidance on 
     the process of debarment and suspension (including debarment 
     and suspension for nonprocurement programs and activities) of 
     covered contractors to address supply chain risks relating to 
     acquisitions for the Department of Defense, including 
     acquisitions involving other executive agencies; and
       (3) an identification of steps that could be taken to 
     address situations identified under paragraphs (1) and (2) 
     through the Interagency Suspension and Debarment Committee 
     established under Executive Order 12549 (51 Fed. Reg. 6370).
       (c) Actions Following Assessment.--Not later than 180 days 
     after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary 
     shall, based on the results of the assessment required by 
     subsection (a)--
       (1) issue or revise guidance to ensure any entity within 
     the Department of Defense that procures covered equipment and 
     services implements a risk-based approach with respect to 
     such a procurement that addresses--
       (A) requirements for training personnel;
       (B) the process for making sourcing decisions;
       (C) with respect to a procurement of telecommunications 
     equipment or video surveillance equipment, assurances 
     relating to the traceability of parts of such equipment;
       (D) the process for reporting suspect covered equipment and 
     services; and
       (E) corrective actions for the acquisition of suspect 
     covered equipment and services (including actions to recover 
     costs as described in subsection (d)(2));
       (2) issue or revise guidance to ensure that remedial 
     actions, including debarment or suspension, are taken with 
     respect to a covered contractor who has failed to detect and 
     avoid suspect covered equipment and services or otherwise 
     failed to exercise due diligence in the detection and 
     avoidance of such suspect covered equipment and services;
       (3) establish a process for ensuring that a Department of 
     Defense employee provide a written report to the appropriate 
     Government authorities and the Government-Industry Data 
     Exchange Program (or a similar program designated by the 
     Secretary) not later than 60 days after such an employee 
     becomes aware, or has reason to suspect that--
       (A) any end item, component, part, or material contained in 
     supplies purchased by or for the Department contains suspect 
     covered equipment and services; or
       (B) a covered contractor has provided suspect covered 
     equipment and services; and
       (4) establish a process for analyzing, assessing, and 
     acting on reports of suspect covered equipment and services 
     that are submitted in accordance with paragraph (3).
       (d) Regulations.--
       (1) In general.--Not later than 270 days after the date of 
     the enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall revise the 
     Department of Defense Supplement to the Federal Acquisition 
     Regulation to address the detection and avoidance of suspect 
     covered equipment and services.
       (2) Contractor responsibilities.--The revised regulations 
     issued pursuant to paragraph (1) shall provide that--
       (A) covered contractors who supply covered equipment or 
     services are responsible for detecting and avoiding the use 
     or inclusion of suspect covered equipment or services and for 
     any contract modification or corrective action that may be 
     required to remedy the use or inclusion of such suspect 
     covered equipment or services; and
       (B) the cost of suspect covered equipment or services and 
     the cost of contract modification or corrective action that 
     may be required to remedy the use or inclusion of such 
     suspect covered equipment or services are not allowable costs 
     under defense contracts, unless--
       (i) the covered contractor has an operational system to 
     detect and avoid suspect covered equipment or services that 
     has been reviewed and approved by the Secretary pursuant to 
     subsection (e)(2)(B);
       (ii) suspect covered equipment or services were provided to 
     the covered contractor as Government property in accordance 
     with part 45 of the Federal Acquisition Regulation or were 
     obtained by the covered contractor in accordance with 
     regulations described in paragraph (3); and
       (iii) the covered contractor discovers the suspect covered 
     equipment or services and provides timely notice to the 
     Government pursuant to paragraph (4).
       (3) Requirements for suppliers.--The revised regulations 
     issued pursuant to paragraph (1) shall--
       (A) require that covered contractors obtain covered 
     equipment or services--
       (i) from the original manufacturers of the equipment or 
     their authorized dealers, or from suppliers that meet 
     requirements of subparagraph (C) or (D) and, with respect to 
     suppliers of telecommunications equipment or video 
     surveillance equipment, that obtain such equipment 
     exclusively from the original manufacturers of the parts of 
     such equipment or their authorized dealers; and
       (ii) that are not in production or currently available in 
     stock from suppliers that meet requirements of subparagraph 
     (C) or (D);
       (B) establish requirements for notification of the 
     Department, and for inspection, testing, and authentication 
     of covered equipment and services that covered contractor 
     obtains from an alternate supplier;
       (C) establish qualification requirements, consistent with 
     the requirements of section 2319 of title 10, United States 
     Code, pursuant to which the Secretary may identify suppliers 
     that have appropriate policies and procedures in place to 
     detect and avoid suspect covered equipment and services; and
       (D) authorize covered contractors to identify and use 
     suppliers that meet qualification requirements, provided 
     that--
       (i) the standards and processes for identifying such 
     suppliers comply with established industry standards; and
       (ii) the selection of such suppliers is subject to review, 
     audit, and approval by appropriate Department of Defense 
     officials.
       (4) Reporting requirement.--The revised regulations issued 
     pursuant to paragraph (1) shall require that any covered 
     contractor provide a written report to the appropriate 
     Government authorities and the Government-Industry Data 
     Exchange Program (or a similar program designated by the 
     Secretary) not later than 60 days after such covered 
     contractor becomes aware, or has reason to suspect that--
       (A) any end item, component, part, or material contained in 
     supplies purchased by or for the Department contains suspect 
     covered equipment and services; or
       (B) a supplier of a covered contractor has provided suspect 
     covered equipment and services.
       (e) Improvement of Contractor Systems for Detection and 
     Avoidance of Suspect Covered Equipment and Services.--
       (1) In general.--Not later than 270 days after the date of 
     the enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall implement a 
     program to enhance the detection and avoidance of the 
     acquisition of suspect covered equipment and services by 
     covered contractors.
       (2) Elements.--The program implemented pursuant to 
     paragraph (1) shall--
       (A) require covered contractors to establish policies and 
     procedures to eliminate suspect covered equipment and 
     services from the defense supply chain, which policies and 
     procedures shall address--
       (i) the training of personnel; and
       (ii) with respect to a procurement of telecommunications 
     equipment or video surveillance equipment, the inspection and 
     testing of related materials and mechanisms to enable 
     traceability of parts of such equipment; and
       (B) establish processes for the review and approval of 
     contractor systems for the detection and avoidance of the 
     acquisition of suspect covered equipment and services by 
     covered contractors, which processes shall be comparable to 
     the

[[Page H5403]]

     processes established for contractor business systems under 
     section 893 of the Ike Skelton National Defense Authorization 
     Act for Fiscal Year 2011 (Public Law 111-383; 124 Stat. 4311; 
     10 U.S.C. 2302 note).
       (f) Rule of Construction.--Nothing in this section shall be 
     construed to prohibit the Secretary from entering into a 
     contract with a covered contractor to provide a service that 
     connects to the facilities of a third party, such as 
     backhaul, roaming, or interconnection arrangements.
       (g) Report to Congress.--Not later than 180 days after 
     completing the assessment required under subsection (a), the 
     Secretary shall submit to the congressional defense 
     committees a report on the results of the assessment and the 
     actions taken following the assessment pursuant to subsection 
     (c).
       (h) Definitions.--In this section:
       (1) Covered equipment and services.--The term ``covered 
     equipment and services'' means telecommunications equipment, 
     telecommunications services, video surveillance equipment, 
     and video surveillance services manufactured or controlled by 
     an entity for which the principal place of business of such 
     entity is located in foreign country that is an adversary of 
     the United States, but does not include telecommunications 
     equipment or video surveillance equipment (other than optical 
     transmission components) that cannot route or redirect user 
     data traffic or permit visibility into any user data or 
     packets that such equipment transmits or otherwise handles.
       (2) Covered contractor.--The term ``covered contractor'' 
     means a contractor or subcontractor (at any tier) that 
     supplies covered equipment and services to the Department of 
     Defense.
       (3) Executive agency.--The term ``executive agency'' has 
     the meaning given in section 133 of title 41, United States 
     Code.
       (4) Secretary.--The term ``Secretary'' means the Secretary 
     of Defense.
       (5) Suspect covered equipment and services.--The term 
     ``suspect covered equipment and services'' means covered 
     equipment and services that is from any source, or that is a 
     covered article, subject to an exclusion order or removal 
     order under section 1323(c) of title 41, United States Code.

     SEC. 852. ASSURED SECURITY AGAINST INTRUSION ON UNITED STATES 
                   MILITARY NETWORKS.

       (a) Prohibition.--Except as provided in subsections (b) and 
     (c), the Secretary of Defense shall only award contracts for 
     the procurement of telecommunications services or the 
     installation of telecommunications infrastructure on national 
     security installations on territories of the United States 
     located in the Pacific Ocean to allowed contractors.
       (b) Exception.--Subsection (a) shall not apply to contracts 
     the procurement of telecommunications services or the 
     installation of telecommunications infrastructure if such 
     telecommunications services or telecommunications 
     infrastructure does not process or carry any information 
     about the operations of the Armed Forces of the United States 
     or otherwise concern the national security of the United 
     States.
       (c) Waiver.--The Secretary of Defense may waive the 
     restriction of subsection (a) upon a written determination 
     that such a waiver is in the national security interests of 
     the United States and either--
       (1) a contractor that is not an allowed contractor would 
     not have the ability to track, record, listen, or otherwise 
     access data or voice communications of the Department of 
     Defense through the provision of the telecommunications 
     service; or
       (2) a qualified allowed contractor is not available to 
     perform the contract at a fair and reasonable price.
       (d) Definitions.--In this section:
       (1) Allowed contractor.--The term ``allowed contractor'' 
     means--
       (A) an entity that is 100 percent owned by persons located 
     in the United States that has submitted an offer for a 
     contract let by the Department of Defense; or
       (B) an entity that--
       (i) is 100 percent owned by persons located in the United 
     States or in a covered foreign country that has submitted an 
     offer for a contract let by the Department of Defense; and
       (ii) does not have significant connections, including major 
     equipment purchases, ownership interests, or joint ventures, 
     with any entity identified in subsection (f)(3) of section 
     889 of the John S. McCain National Defense Authorization Act 
     for Fiscal Year 2019 (Pub. L. 115-232; 132 Stat. 1918; 41 
     U.S.C. 3901 note)
       (2) Covered foreign country.--The term ``covered foreign 
     country'' means a foreign country the government of which 
     permits allowed contractors to compete on a fair basis for 
     contracts for the procurement of telecommunications services 
     or the installation of telecommunications infrastructure let 
     by the government of such foreign country.
       (3) National security installation.--The term ``national 
     security installation'' means any facility operated by the 
     Department of Defense.
       (4) Telecommunications service.--The term 
     ``telecommunications service'' has the meaning given in 
     section 3 of the Communications Act of 1934 (47 U.S.C. 153).
       (5) Telecommunications infrastructure.--The term 
     ``telecommunications infrastructure'' means any wire or 
     switching facilities used to provide telecommunications 
     services.

     SEC. 853. REVISED AUTHORITIES TO DEFEAT ADVERSARY EFFORTS TO 
                   COMPROMISE UNITED STATES DEFENSE CAPABILITIES.

       (a) Sense of Congress.--Congress finds that to 
     comprehensively address the supply chain vulnerabilities of 
     the Department of Defense, defense contractors must be 
     incentivized to prioritize security in a manner which exceeds 
     basic compliance with mitigation practices relating to 
     cybersecurity risk and supply chain security standards. 
     Defense contractors can no longer pass unknown risks on to 
     the Department of Defense but should be provided with the 
     tools to meet the needs of the Department with respect to 
     cybersecurity risk and supply chain security. Incentives for 
     defense contractors will help stimulate efforts within the 
     defense industrial base to minimize vulnerabilities in 
     hardware, software, and supply chain services. The Department 
     of Defense must develop policies and regulations that move 
     security from a cost that defense contractors seek to 
     minimize to a key consideration in the award of contracts, 
     equal in importance to cost, schedule, and performance.
       (b) Inclusion of Security as Primary Purpose for the 
     Department of Defense Acquisition.--
       (1) In general.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
     the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall the 
     revise the statement of purpose in the Defense Federal 
     Acquisition Regulation Supplement added by section 801(3) of 
     the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2018 
     (Public Law 115-91; 131 Stat. 1449; U.S.C. 2302 note) to 
     include the security of goods acquired by the Department of 
     Defense as one of the primary objectives of Department of 
     Defense acquisition. The Secretary shall revise applicable 
     Department of Defense Instructions, regulations, and 
     directives to implement the inclusion of security as a 
     primary purpose of Department of Defense acquisition.
       (2) Congressional notification.--The Secretary shall submit 
     to the congressional defense committees--
       (A) not later than 60 days before issuing the revisions 
     described in paragraph (1), the proposed revisions; and
       (B) not later than 180 days after the date of the enactment 
     of this Act, recommendations for legislative action to 
     implement the revisions described in this subsection.
       (c) Certification of Risk.--
       (1) In general.--Before making a milestone decision with 
     respect to a major defense acquisition program (as defined 
     under section 2430 of title 10, United States Code), a major 
     automated information system, or major system (as defined 
     under section 2302d of title 10, United States Code), the 
     vice chief of the Armed Force concerned shall issue a written 
     assessment to the Vice Chief of the Joint Chiefs of Staff and 
     the head of the Defense Acquisition Board stating the 
     determination made by the vice chief of the armed force 
     concerned of the risk to the supply chain associated with the 
     procurement. Such assessment shall include--
       (A) a description of actions taken to mitigate potential 
     vulnerabilities associated with the procurement; and
       (B) a certification from the Secretary of the military 
     department concerned or the Vice Chief of the Joint Chief of 
     Staff (as appropriate) that the procurement will not 
     interfere with the operations of the military department 
     conducting the procurement.
       (2) Availability to the congressional defense committees.--
     Upon request, the vice chief of the Armed Force concerned 
     shall make available to the congressional defense committees 
     a certification required under paragraph (1), along with the 
     data on which such certification is based, not later than 15 
     days after the submission of a request.
       (d) Disputes Relating to Acquisitions Decisions.--The Under 
     Secretary of Defense for Intelligence, the Vice Chairman of 
     the Joint Chiefs of Staff, the Vice Chief of Staff of the 
     Army, the Vice Chief of Naval Operations, the Vice Chief of 
     Staff of the Air Force, and the Assistant Commandant of the 
     Marine Corps shall each have the authority to submit to the 
     Secretary of Defense a written statement of dispute relating 
     to a decision made by the Defense Acquisition Board with 
     respect to an acquisition. A dispute submitted under this 
     subsection shall include any reason why the decision fails to 
     effectively address concerns regarding the item to be 
     acquired.

     SEC. 854. PROHIBITION ON OPERATION OR PROCUREMENT OF FOREIGN-
                   MADE UNMANNED AIRCRAFT SYSTEMS.

       (a) Prohibition on Agency Operation or Procurement.--The 
     Secretary of Defense may not operate or enter into or renew a 
     contract for the procurement of--
       (1) a covered unmanned aircraft system that--
       (A) is manufactured in a covered foreign country or by an 
     entity domiciled in a covered foreign country;
       (B) uses flight controllers, radios, data transmission 
     devices, cameras, or gimbals manufactured in a covered 
     foreign country or by an entity domiciled in a covered 
     foreign country;
       (C) uses a ground control system or operating software 
     developed in a covered foreign country or by an entity 
     domiciled in a covered foreign country; or
       (D) uses network connectivity or data storage located in or 
     administered by an entity domiciled in a covered foreign 
     country; or
       (2) a system manufactured in a covered foreign country or 
     by an entity domiciled in a covered foreign country for the 
     detection or identification of covered unmanned aircraft 
     systems.
       (b) Exemption.--The Secretary of Defense is exempt from the 
     restriction under subsection (a) if the operation or 
     procurement is for the purposes of--
       (1) Counter-UAS surrogate testing and training; or
       (2) intelligence, electronic warfare, and information 
     warfare operations, testing, analysis, and training.
       (c) Waiver.--The Secretary of Defense may waive the 
     restriction under subsection (a) on a case by case basis by 
     certifying in writing to the congressional defense committees 
     that the operation or procurement is required in the national 
     interest of the United States.

[[Page H5404]]

       (d) Definitions.--In this section:
       (1) Covered foreign country.--The term ``covered foreign 
     country'' means a country labeled as a strategic competitor 
     in the ``Summary of the 2018 National Defense Strategy of the 
     United States of America: Sharpening the American Military's 
     Competitive Edge'' issued by the Department of Defense 
     pursuant to section 113 of title 10, United States Code.
       (2) Covered unmanned aircraft system.--The term ``covered 
     unmanned aircraft system'' means an unmanned aircraft system 
     and any related services and equipment.

     SEC. 855. SUPPLY CHAIN RISK MITIGATION POLICIES TO BE 
                   IMPLEMENTED THROUGH REQUIREMENTS GENERATION 
                   PROCESS.

       (a) Process for Enhanced Supply Chain Scrutiny.--Section 
     807(b) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
     Year 2018 (Public Law 115-91; 131 Stat. 1456; 10 U.S.C. 2302 
     note) is amended--
       (1) by redesignating paragraphs (5) through (9) as 
     paragraphs (6) through (10), respectively; and
       (2) by inserting after paragraph (4) the following new 
     paragraph:
       ``(5) Development of tools for implementing supply chain 
     risk management policies during the generation of 
     requirements for a contract.''.
       (b) Technical Amendment.--Subsection (a) of such section is 
     amended by striking ``Not later than'' and all that follows 
     through ``the Secretary'' and inserting ``The Secretary''.
       (c) Effective Date.--Not later than 90 days after the date 
     of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall 
     revise the process established under section 807 of the 
     National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2018 
     (Public Law 115-91; 10 U.S.C. 2302 note) to carry out the 
     requirements of this section.

       Subtitle E--Provisions Relating to the Acquisition System

     SEC. 861. MODIFICATIONS TO THE DEFENSE ACQUISITION SYSTEM.

       (a) Guidance, Reports, and Limitation on the Availability 
     of Funds Relating to Covered Defense Business Systems.--
       (1) Amendments to guidance for covered defense business 
     systems.--Section 2222(d) of title 10, United States Code, is 
     amended--
       (A) in the matter preceding paragraph (1), by striking 
     ``subsection (c)(1)'' and inserting ``subsection (c)''; and
       (B) by adding at the end the following new paragraphs:
       ``(7) Policy to ensure a covered defense business system is 
     in compliance with the Department's auditability 
     requirements.
       ``(8) Policy to ensure approvals required for the 
     development of a covered defense business system.''.
       (2) Reports.--
       (A) Guidance.--The Secretary of Defense shall submit to the 
     congressional defense committees (as defined in section 
     101(a)(16) of title 10, United States Code) a report--
       (i) not later than December 31, 2019, that includes the 
     guidance required under paragraph (1) of section 2222(c) of 
     title 10, United States Code; and
       (ii) not later than March 31, 2020, that includes the 
     guidance required under paragraph (2) of such section.
       (B) Information technology enterprise architecture.--Not 
     later than December 31, 2019, the Chief Information Officer 
     of the Department of Defense shall submit to the 
     congressional defense committees the information technology 
     enterprise architecture developed under section 2222(e)(4)(B) 
     of title 10, United States Code, which shall include the plan 
     for improving the information technology and computing 
     infrastructure described in such section and a schedule for 
     implementing the plan.
       (C) Defense business enterprise architecture.--Not later 
     than March 31, 2020, the Chief Management Officer of the 
     Department of Defense and the Chief Information Officer of 
     the Department of Defense shall jointly submit to the 
     congressional defense committees a plan and schedule for 
     integrating the defense business enterprise architecture 
     developed under subsection (e) of section 2222 of title 10, 
     United States Code, into the information technology 
     enterprise architecture, as required under paragraph (4)(A) 
     of such subsection.
       (3) Limitation.--
       (A) Of the funds authorized to be appropriated by this Act 
     or otherwise made available for fiscal year 2020 for the 
     Department of Defense, not more than 75 percent may be 
     obligated or expended for the Office of the Secretary of 
     Defense after December 31, 2019, until the date on which the 
     Secretary of Defense submits the report required under 
     subsection (b)(1)(A).
       (B) Of the funds authorized to be appropriated by this Act 
     or otherwise made available for fiscal year 2020 for the 
     Department of Defense, not more than 75 percent may be 
     obligated or expended for the Office of the Deputy Chief 
     Management Officer, the Office of the Under Secretary of 
     Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment, the Office of the 
     Chief Information Officer, and the Office of the Chief 
     Management Officer after March 31, 2020, until the date on 
     which the Secretary of Defense submits the report required 
     under subsection (b)(1)(B).
       (C) Of the funds authorized to be appropriated by this Act 
     or otherwise made available for fiscal year 2020 for the 
     Department of Defense, not more than 75 percent may be 
     obligated or expended for the Office of the Chief Information 
     Officer after December 31, 2019, until the date on which the 
     Secretary of Defense submits the report required under 
     subsection (b)(2).
       (D) Of the funds authorized to be appropriated by this Act 
     or otherwise made available for fiscal year 2020 for the 
     Department of Defense, not more than 75 percent may be 
     obligated or expended for the Office of the Chief Management 
     Officer and the Office of the Chief Information Officer after 
     March 31, 2020, until the date on which the Secretary of 
     Defense submits the report required under subsection (b)(3).
       (b) Pilot Program on Data Rights as an Evaluation Factor.--
       (1) Pilot program.--Not later than February 1, 2020, the 
     Secretary of Defense and the Secretaries of the military 
     departments shall jointly carry out a pilot program to assess 
     mechanisms to evaluate intellectual property to include 
     technical data deliverables, associated license rights, and 
     commercially available intellectual property valuation 
     analysis and techniques in major defense acquisition programs 
     (as defined in section 2430 of title 10, United States Code) 
     selected pursuant to subsection (b) to ensure--
       (A) the development of cost-effective intellectual property 
     strategies; and
       (B) assessment and management of the value and costs of 
     intellectual property during acquisition and sustainment 
     activities throughout the life cycle of a weapon system for 
     each selected major defense acquisition program.
       (2) Selection of major defense acquisition programs.--Each 
     Secretary of a military department shall select one major 
     defense acquisition program for which such Secretary has 
     responsibility to include in the pilot program established 
     under subsection (a).
       (3) Cadre of intellectual property experts.--At Milestone A 
     and Milestone B for each major defense acquisition program 
     selected pursuant to subsection (b), the cadre of 
     intellectual property experts established under section 
     2322(b) of title 10, United States Code, shall identify, to 
     the maximum extent practicable, intellectual property 
     evaluation techniques to obtain quantitative and qualitative 
     analysis related to the value of intellectual property rights 
     during the procurement, production, deployment, operations, 
     and support phases of the acquisition of each such major 
     defense acquisition program.
       (4) Activities.--The pilot program established under this 
     section shall include the following:
       (A) Assessment of commercial valuation techniques for 
     intellectual property rights for use by the Department of 
     Defense.
       (B) Assessment of feasibility of oversight by the Secretary 
     of Defense to standardize practices and procedures.
       (C) Assessment of contracting mechanisms to increase the 
     speed of delivery of intellectual property to the Armed 
     Forces or to reduce sustainment costs.
       (D) Assessment of acquisition planning necessary to ensure 
     procurement of intellectual property deliverables and 
     intellectual property rights necessary for Government-planned 
     sustainment activities.
       (E) Engagement with private-sector entities to--
       (i) support the development of strategies and program 
     requirements to aid in acquisition and transition planning 
     for intellectual property;
       (ii) support the development and improvement of 
     intellectual property strategies as part of life-cycle 
     sustainment plans and valuation techniques for the costs of 
     intellectual property rights as part of life-cycle costs; and
       (iii) propose and implement alternative and innovative 
     methods of intellectual property valuation, prioritization, 
     and evaluation techniques for intellectual property.
       (F) Recommendations to the program manager for a major 
     defense acquisition program selected pursuant to subsection 
     (b) such evaluation techniques and contracting mechanisms for 
     implementation into the acquisition and sustainment 
     activities of that major defense acquisition program.
       (5) Assessment.--Not later than February 1, 2021, and 
     annually thereafter until the termination date of the pilot 
     program, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the 
     congressional defense committees a report on the pilot 
     program established under subsection (a). The report shall 
     include--
       (A) a description of the major defense acquisition programs 
     selected pursuant to subsection (b);
       (B) a description of the specific activities in subsection 
     (d) that were performed with respect to each major defense 
     acquisition program selected pursuant to subsection (b);
       (C) an assessment of the effectiveness of such activities;
       (D) an assessment of improvements to acquisition or 
     sustainment activities related to the pilot program; and
       (E) an assessment of cost savings from the activities 
     related to the pilot program, including any improvement to 
     mission success during the operations and support phase of a 
     major defense acquisition program selected pursuant to 
     subsection (b).
       (6) Termination.--The authority to carry out the pilot 
     program under this section shall expire on September 30, 
     2026.
       (c) Report and Limitation on Availability of Funds Relating 
     to Modular Open System Approach for Major Defense Acquisition 
     Programs.--
       (1) Study guidance for analyses of alternatives for major 
     defense acquisition programs.--
       (A) Report.--Not later than December 31, 2019, the 
     Secretary of Defense, acting through the Director of Cost 
     Assessment and Performance Evaluation, shall submit to the 
     congressional defense committees a report that includes the 
     study guidance required under section 2446b(b) of title 10, 
     United States Code.
       (B) Limitation.--Of the funds authorized to be appropriated 
     by this Act or otherwise made available for fiscal year 2020 
     for the Department of Defense, not more than 75 percent may 
     be obligated or expended for the Office of the Director of 
     Cost Assessment and Performance Evaluation after December 31, 
     2019, until the date on which the Secretary of Defense 
     submits the report required under paragraph (1).

[[Page H5405]]

       (2) Policy relating to availability of major system 
     interfaces and support for modular open system approach.--
       (A) In general.--Section 2446c of title 10, United States 
     Code, is amended--
       (i) in the matter preceding paragraph (1), by striking 
     ``shall--'' and inserting ``develop policy on the support for 
     the acquisition for modular open system approaches. This 
     policy shall--''; and
       (ii) in subsection (a)(1), as so designated, by striking 
     ``coordinate'' and inserting ``ensure coordination''.
       (B) Report.--Not later than December 31, 2019, the 
     Secretary of each military department shall submit to the 
     congressional defense committees a report that includes the 
     policy required under section 2446c of title 10, United 
     States Code, as amended by paragraph (1).
       (C) Limitation.--Beginning on January 1, 2020, if any 
     report required under paragraph (2) has not been submitted to 
     the congressional defense committees, not more than 75 
     percent of the funds specified in paragraph (4) may be 
     obligated or expended until the date on which all of the 
     reports required under paragraph (2) have been submitted.
       (D) Funds specified.--The funds specified in this paragraph 
     are funds made available for fiscal year 2020 for the 
     Department of Defense for any of the Offices of the 
     Secretaries of the military departments that remain 
     unobligated as of January 1, 2020.
       (d) Report on Intellectual Property Policy and the Cadre of 
     Intellectual Property Experts.--
       (1) In general.--Section 802 of the National Defense 
     Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2018 (Public Law 115-91; 
     131 Stat. 1450) is amended by adding at the end the following 
     new subsection:
       ``(c) Report.--Not later than October 1, 2019, the 
     Secretary of Defense, acting through the Under Secretary of 
     Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment, shall submit to the 
     congressional defense committees a report that includes--
       ``(1) the policy required in subsection (a) of section 2322 
     of title 10, United States Code;
       ``(2) an identification of each member of the cadre of 
     intellectual property experts required in subsection (b) of 
     such section and the office to which such member; and
       ``(3) a description of the leadership structure and the 
     office that will manage the cadre of intellectual property 
     experts.''.
       (2) Limitation.--Of the funds authorized to be appropriated 
     by this Act or otherwise made available for fiscal year 2020 
     for the Department of Defense, not more than 75 percent may 
     be obligated or expended for the Defense Acquisition 
     Workforce Development Fund until the date on which the 
     Secretary of Defense submits the report required under 
     subsection (c) of section 802 of the National Defense 
     Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2018 (Public Law 115-91; 
     131 Stat. 1450), as added by this section.
       (e) Limitation on Availability of Funds for the Office of 
     the Chief Management Officer of the Department of Defense.--
     Of the funds authorized to be appropriated or otherwise made 
     available for fiscal year 2020 for the Department of Defense, 
     not more than 75 percent may be obligated or expended for the 
     Office of the Chief Management Officer until the date on 
     which the Chief Management Officer submits to the 
     congressional defense committees--
       (1) the certification of cost savings described in 
     subparagraph (A) of section 921(b)(5) of the National Defense 
     Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2019 (Public Law 115-232; 
     10 U.S.C. 2222 note); or
       (2) the notice and justification described in subparagraph 
     (B) of such section.
       (f) Report and Limitation on the Availability of Funds 
     Relating to the ``Middle Tier'' of Acquisition Programs.--
       (1) Report.--Not later than December 15, 2019, the Under 
     Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment shall 
     submit to the congressional defense committees a report that 
     includes the guidance required under section 804(a) of the 
     National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2016 
     (Public Law 114-92; 10 U.S.C. 2302 note). The Under Secretary 
     of Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment will ensure such 
     guidance includes the business case elements required by an 
     acquisition program established pursuant to such guidance and 
     the metrics required to assess the performance of such a 
     program.
       (2) Limitation.--Of the funds authorized to be appropriated 
     by this Act or otherwise made available for fiscal year 2020 
     for the Department of Defense, not more than 75 percent may 
     be obligated or expended for an acquisition program 
     established pursuant to the guidance required under section 
     804(a) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
     Year 2016 (Public Law 114-92; 10 U.S.C. 2302 note) after 
     December 15, 2019, and no such acquisition program may be 
     conducted under the authority provided by such section after 
     December 15, 2019, until the Under Secretary of Defense for 
     Acquisition and Sustainment submits the report required under 
     subsection (a).
       (g) Defense Acquisition Workforce Certification and 
     Education Requirements.--
       (1) Professional certification requirement.--
       (A) Professional certification required for all acquisition 
     workforce personnel.--Section 1701a of title 10, United 
     States Code, is amended--
       (i) by redesignating subsections (c) and (d) as subsections 
     (d) and (e), respectively; and
       (ii) by inserting after subsection (b) the following new 
     subsection (c):
       ``(c) Professional Certification.--
       ``(1) The Secretary of Defense shall implement a 
     certification program to provide for a professional 
     certification requirement for all members of the acquisition 
     workforce. Except as provided in paragraph (2), the 
     certification requirement for any acquisition workforce 
     career field shall be based on standards under a third-party 
     accredited program based on nationally or internationally 
     recognized standards.
       ``(2) If the Secretary determines that, for a particular 
     acquisition workforce career field, a third-party accredited 
     program based on nationally or internationally recognized 
     standards does not exist, the Secretary shall establish the 
     certification requirement for that career field that conforms 
     with the practices of national or international accrediting 
     bodies. The certification requirement for any such career 
     field shall be implemented using the best approach determined 
     by the Secretary for meeting the certification requirement 
     for that career field, including implementation through 
     entities outside the Department of Defense and may be 
     designed and implemented without regard to section 1746 of 
     this title.''.
       (B) Performance management.--Subsection (b) of such section 
     is amended--
       (i) in paragraph (5), by striking ``encourage'' and 
     inserting ``direct''; and
       (ii) in paragraph (6), by inserting ``and consequences'' 
     after ``warnings''.
       (C) Participation in professional associations.--Subsection 
     (b) of such section is further amended--
       (i) by redesignating paragraphs (6), (7), (8), and (9) as 
     paragraphs (7), (8), (9), and (10), respectively; and
       (ii) by inserting after paragraph (5) the following new 
     paragraph (6):
       ``(6) authorize members of the acquisition workforce to 
     participate in professional associations, consistent with 
     their individual performance plans, linked to both 
     professional development and opportunities to gain leadership 
     and management skills;''.
       (D) General education, training, and experience 
     requirements.--Section 1723 of such title is amended--
       (i) in subsection (a)(3), by striking the second sentence; 
     and
       (ii) in subsection (b)(1), by striking ``encourage'' and 
     inserting ``require''.
       (E) Effective date.--The Secretary of Defense shall 
     implement procedures to institute the program required by 
     subsection (c) of section 1701a of title 10, United States 
     Code, as added by paragraph (1), not later than 180 days 
     after the date of the enactment of this Act.
       (2) Elimination of statutory requirement for completion of 
     24 semester credit hours.--
       (A) Qualification requirements for contracting positions.--
     Section 1724 of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
       (i) in subsection (a)(3)--

       (I) by striking ``(A)'' after ``(3)''; and
       (II) by striking ``, and (B)'' and all that follows through 
     ``and management''; and

       (ii) in subsection (b), by striking ``requirements'' in the 
     first sentences of paragraphs (1) and (2) and inserting 
     ``requirement'';
       (iii) in subsection (e)(2)--

       (I) by striking ``shall have--'' and all that follows 
     through ``been awarded'' and inserting ``shall have been 
     awarded'';
       (II) by striking ``; or'' and inserting a period; and
       (III) by striking subparagraph (B); and

       (iv) in subsection (f), by striking ``, including--'' and 
     all that follows and inserting a period.
       (B) Selection criteria and procedures.--Section 1732 of 
     such title is amended--
       (i) in subsection (b)(1)--

       (I) by striking ``Such requirements,'' and all the follows 
     through ``the person--'' and inserting ``Such requirements 
     shall include a requirement that the person--'';
       (II) by striking subparagraph (B); and
       (III) by redesignating clauses (i) and (ii) as 
     subparagraphs (A) and (B), respectively, and realigning those 
     subparagraphs so as to be 4 ems from the margin; and

       (ii) in subsection (c), by striking ``requirements of 
     subsections (b)(1)(A) and (b)(1)(B)'' in paragraphs (1) and 
     (2) and inserting ``requirement of subsection (b)(1)''.
       (3) Defense acquisition university.--Section 1746 of title 
     10, United States Code, is amended--
       (A) in subsection (b)(1), by adding at the end the 
     following new sentence: ``At least 25 percent of such 
     civilian instructors shall be visiting professors from 
     civilian colleges or universities.''; and
       (B) in subsection (c), by inserting ``, and with commercial 
     training providers,'' after ``military departments''.
       (h) Enhancing Defense Acquisition Workforce Career 
     Fields.--
       (1) Career paths.--
       (A) Career path required for each acquisition workforce 
     career field.--Paragraph (4) of section 1701a(b) of title 10, 
     United States Code, is amended to read as follows:
       ``(4) develop and implement a career path, as described in 
     section 1722(a) of this title, for each career field 
     designated by the Secretary under section 1721(a) of this 
     title as an acquisition workforce career field;''.
       (B) Conforming amendments.--Section 1722(a) of such title 
     is amended--
       (i) by striking ``appropriate career paths'' and inserting 
     ``an appropriate career path''; and
       (ii) by striking ``are identified'' and inserting ``is 
     identified for each acquisition workforce career field''.
       (C) Deadline for implementation of career paths.--The 
     implementation of a career path for each acquisition 
     workforce career field required by paragraph (4) of section 
     1701a(b) of title 10, United States Code (as amended by 
     paragraph (1)), shall be completed by the Secretary of 
     Defense not later than the end of the two-year period 
     beginning on the date of the enactment of this Act.

[[Page H5406]]

       (2) Career fields.--
       (A) Designation of acquisition workforce career fields.--
     Section 1721(a) of such title is amended by adding at the end 
     the following new sentence: ``The Secretary shall also 
     designate in regulations those career fields in the 
     Department of Defense that are acquisition workforce career 
     fields for purposes of this chapter.''.
       (B) Clerical amendments.--(i) The heading of such section 
     is amended to read as follows:

     ``Sec. 1721. Designation of acquisition positions and 
       acquisition workforce career fields''.

       (ii) The item relating to such section in the table of 
     sections at the beginning of subchapter II of chapter 87 of 
     such title is amended to read as follows:

``1721. Designation of acquisition positions and acquisition workforce 
              career fields.''.
       (C)(i) The heading of subchapter II of chapter 87 of such 
     title is amended to read as follows:

    ``subchapter ii--acquisition positions and acquisition workforce 
                            career fields''.

       (ii) The item relating to such subchapter in the table of 
     subchapters at the beginning of such chapter is amended to 
     read as follows:

``II. Acquisition Positions And Acquisition Workforce Career1721''.....

       (D) Deadline for designation of career fields.--The 
     designation of acquisition workforce career fields required 
     by the second sentence of section 1721(a) of title 10, United 
     States Code (as added by paragraph (1)), shall be made by the 
     Secretary of Defense not later than the end of the six-month 
     period beginning on the date of the enactment of this Act.
       (3) Key work experiences.--
       (A) Development of key work experiences for each 
     acquisition workforce career field.--Section 1722b of such 
     title is amended by adding at the end the following new 
     subsection:
       ``(c) Key Work Experiences.--In carrying out subsection 
     (b)(2), the Secretary shall ensure that key work experiences, 
     in the form of multidiscipline training, are developed for 
     each acquisition workforce career field.''.
       (B) Plan for implementation of key work experiences.--Not 
     later than one year after the date of the enactment of this 
     Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the 
     congressional defense committees a plan identifying the 
     specific actions the Department of Defense has taken, and is 
     planning to take, to develop and establish key work 
     experiences for each acquisition workforce career field as 
     required by subsection (c) of section 1722b of title 10, 
     United States Code, as added by paragraph (1). The plan shall 
     include specification of the percentage of the acquisition 
     workforce, or funds available for administration of the 
     acquisition workforce on an annual basis, that the Secretary 
     will dedicate towards developing such key work experiences.
       (4) Applicability of career path requirements to all 
     members of acquisition workforce.--Section 1723(b) of such 
     title is amended by striking ``the critical acquisition-
     related''.
       (5) Competency development.--
       (A) In general.--(i) Subchapter V of chapter 87 of such 
     title is amended by adding at the end the following new 
     section:

     ``Sec. 1765. Competency development

       ``(a) In General.--For each acquisition workforce career 
     field, the Secretary of Defense shall establish, for the 
     civilian personnel in that career field, defined proficiency 
     standards and technical and nontechnical competencies which 
     shall be used in personnel qualification assessments.
       ``(b) Negotiations.--Any action taken by the Secretary 
     under this section, or to implement this section, shall not 
     be subject to the requirements of chapter 71 of title 5.''.
       (ii) The table of sections at the beginning of such 
     subchapter II is amended by adding at the end the following 
     new item:

``1765. Competency development.''.
       (B) Deadline for implementation.--The establishment of 
     defined proficiency standards and technical and nontechnical 
     competencies required by section 1765 of title 10, United 
     States Code (as added by paragraph (1)), shall be made by the 
     Secretary of Defense not later than the end of the two-year 
     period beginning on the date of the enactment of this Act.
       (6) Termination of defense acquisition corps.--
       (A) The Acquisition Corps for the Department of Defense 
     referred to in section 1731(a) of title 10, United States 
     Code, is terminated.
       (B) Section 1733 of title 10, United States Code, is 
     amended--
       (i) by striking subsection (a); and
       (ii) by redesignating subsection (b) as subsection (a).
       (C) Subsection (b) of section 1731 of such title is 
     transferred to the end of section 1733 of such title, as 
     amended by paragraph (2), and amended--
       (i) by striking ``Acquisition Corps'' in the heading and 
     inserting ``the Acquisition Workforce''; and
       (ii) by striking ``selected for the Acquisition Corps'' and 
     inserting ``in the acquisition workforce''.
       (D) Subsection (e) of section 1732 of such title is 
     transferred to the end of section 1733 of such title, as 
     amended by paragraphs (2) and (3), redesignated as subsection 
     (c), and amended--
       (i) by striking ``in the Acquisition Corps'' in paragraphs 
     (1) and (2) and inserting ``in critical acquisition 
     positions''; and
       (ii) by striking ``serving in the Corps'' in paragraph (2) 
     and inserting ``employment''.
       (E) Sections 1731 and 1732 of such title are repealed.
       (F)(i) Section 1733 of such title, as amended by paragraphs 
     (2), (3), and (4), is redesignated as section 1731.
       (ii) The table of sections at the beginning of subchapter 
     III of chapter 87 of such title is amended by striking the 
     items relating to sections 1731, 1732, and 1733 and inserting 
     the following new item:

``1731. Critical acquisition positions.''.
       (G)(i) The heading of subchapter III of chapter 87 of such 
     title is amended to read as follows:

           ``subchapter iii--critical acquisition positions''.

       (ii) The item relating to such subchapter in the table of 
     subchapters at the beginning of such chapter is amended to 
     read as follows:

``III. Critical Acquisition Positions.......................1731''.....

       (H) Section 1723(a)(2) of such title is amended by striking 
     ``section 1733 of this title'' and inserting ``section 1731 
     of this title''.
       (I) Section 1725 of such title is amended--
       (i) in subsection (a)(1), by striking ``Defense Acquisition 
     Corps'' and inserting ``acquisition workforce''; and
       (ii) in subsection (d)(2), by striking ``of the Defense 
     Acquisition Corps'' and inserting ``in the acquisition 
     workforce serving in critical acquisition positions''.
       (J) Section 1734 of such title is amended--
       (i) by striking ``of the Acquisition Corps'' in subsections 
     (e)(1) and (h) and inserting ``of the acquisition 
     workforce''; and
       (ii) in subsection (g)--

       (I) by striking ``of the Acquisition Corps'' in the first 
     sentence and inserting ``of the acquisition workforce'';
       (II) by striking ``of the Corps'' and inserting ``of the 
     acquisition workforce''; and
       (III) by striking ``of the Acquisition Corps'' in the 
     second sentence and inserting ``of the acquisition workforce 
     in critical acquisition positions''.

       (K) Section 1737 of such title is amended--
       (i) in subsection (a)(1), by striking ``of the Acquisition 
     Corps'' and inserting ``of the acquisition workforce''; and
       (ii) in subsection (b), by striking ``of the Corps'' and 
     inserting ``of the acquisition workforce''.
       (L) Section 1742(a)(1) of such title is amended by striking 
     ``the Acquisition Corps'' and inserting ``acquisition 
     positions in the Department of Defense''.
       (M) Section 2228(a)(4) of such title is amended by striking 
     ``under section 1733(b)(1)(C) of this title'' and inserting 
     ``under section 1731 of this title''.
       (N) Section 7016(b)(5)(B) of such title is amended by 
     striking ``under section 1733 of this title'' and inserting 
     ``under section 1731 of this title''.
       (O) Section 8016(b)(4)(B) of such title is amended by 
     striking ``under section 1733 of this title'' and inserting 
     ``under section 1731 of this title''.
       (P) Section 9016(b)(4)(B) of such title is amended by 
     striking ``under section 1733 of this title'' and inserting 
     ``under section 1731 of this title''.
       (Q) Paragraph (1) of section 317 of title 37, United States 
     Code, is amended to read as follows:
       ``(1) is a member of the acquisition workforce selected to 
     serve in, or serving in, a critical acquisition position 
     designated under section 1731 of title 10.''.
       (i) Establishment of Defense Civilian Acquisition Training 
     Corps.--
       (1) In general.--Part III of subtitle A of title 10, United 
     States Code, is amended by inserting after chapter 112 the 
     following new chapter:

       ``CHAPTER 113--DEFENSE CIVILIAN ACQUISITION TRAINING CORPS

``2200n. Establishment.
``2200o. Program elements.
``2200p. Model authorities.
``2200q. Definitions.

     ``Sec. 2200n. Establishment

       ``For the purposes of preparing selected students for 
     public service in Department of Defense occupations relating 
     to acquisition, science, and engineering, the Secretary of 
     Defense shall establish and maintain a Defense Civilian 
     Acquisition Training Corps program, organized into one or 
     more units, at civilian institutions of higher education 
     offering a program leading to a baccalaureate degree.

     ``Sec. 2200o. Program elements

       ``In establishing the program, the Secretary of Defense 
     shall determine the following:
       ``(1) Criteria for an institution of higher education to 
     participate in the program.
       ``(2) The eligibility of a student to join the program.
       ``(3) Criteria required for a member of the program to 
     receive financial assistance.
       ``(4) The term of service required for a member of the 
     program to receive financial assistance.
       ``(5) Criteria required for a member of the program to be 
     released from a term of service.
       ``(6) The method by which a successful graduate of the 
     program may gain immediate employment in the Department of 
     Defense.
       ``(7) Resources required for implementation of the program.
       ``(8) A methodology to identify and target critical skills 
     gaps in Department of Defense occupations relating to 
     acquisition, science, and engineering.
       ``(9) A mechanism to track the success of the program in 
     eliminating the identified critical skills gap.

     ``Sec. 2200p. Model authorities

       ``In making determinations under section 2200o of this 
     title, the Secretary of Defense shall use the authorities 
     under chapters 103 and 111 of this title as guides.

     ``Sec. 2200q. Definitions

       ``In this chapter:

[[Page H5407]]

       ``(1) The term `program' means the Defense Civilian 
     Acquisition Training Corps of the Department of Defense.
       ``(2) The term `member of the program' means a student at 
     an institution of higher learning who is enrolled in the 
     program.
       ``(3) The term `institution of higher education' has the 
     meaning given that term in section 101 of the Higher 
     Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 1001).''.
       (2) Implementation timeline.--
       (A) Initial implementation.--Not later than December 31, 
     2019, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the 
     congressional defense committees a plan and schedule that 
     implements the program at one institution of higher learning 
     not later than August 1, 2020. The plan shall include 
     recommendations regarding any legislative changes required 
     for effective implementation of the program.
       (B) Expansion.--Not later than December 31, 2020, the 
     Secretary of Defense shall submit to the congressional 
     defense committees an expansion plan and schedule to expand 
     the program to five locations not later than by August 1, 
     2021.
       (C) Full implementation.--Not later than December 31, 2021, 
     the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the congressional 
     defense committees a full implementation plan and schedule to 
     expand the program to at least 20 locations with not fewer 
     than 400 members in the program not later than August 1, 
     2022.
       (j) Clarifying the Roles and Responsibilities of the Under 
     Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment and the 
     Under Secretary of Defense for Research and Engineering.--The 
     laws of the United States are amended as follows:
       (1) Section 129a(c)(3) of title 10, United States Code, is 
     amended by striking ``Under Secretary of Defense for 
     Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics'' and inserting 
     ``Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and 
     Sustainment''.
       (2) Section 133a(b)(2) of title 10, United States Code, is 
     amended by striking ``, including the allocation of resources 
     for defense research and engineering,''.
       (3) Section 134(c) of title 10, United States Code, is 
     amended by striking ``Under Secretary of Defense for 
     Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics,'' and inserting 
     ``Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment, 
     the Under Secretary of Defense for Research and 
     Engineering,''.
       (4) Section 139(b) of title 10, United States Code, is 
     amended in the matter preceding paragraph (1) by striking 
     ``and the Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition, 
     Technology, and Logistics'' and inserting ``, the Under 
     Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment, and the 
     Under Secretary of Defense for Research and Engineering''.
       (5) Section 139(b)(2) of title 10, United States Code, is 
     amended by striking ``and the Under Secretary of Defense for 
     Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics'' and inserting ``, 
     the Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and 
     Sustainment, and the Under Secretary of Defense for Research 
     and Engineering,''.
       (6) Section 139 of title 10, United States Code, is amended 
     in subsections (c) through (h) by striking ``Under Secretary 
     of Defense for Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics'' each 
     place it appears and inserting ``Under Secretary of Defense 
     for Acquisition and Sustainment''.
       (7) Section 139a(d)(6) of title 10, United States Code, is 
     amended by striking ``Under Secretary of Defense for 
     Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics'' and inserting 
     ``Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment, 
     the Under Secretary of Defense for Research and 
     Engineering,''.
       (8) Section 171(a) of title 10, United States Code, is 
     amended--
       (A) in paragraph (3), by striking ``Under Secretary of 
     Defense for Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics'' and 
     inserting ``Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and 
     Sustainment'';
       (B) by inserting after paragraph (3) the following new 
     paragraph:
       ``(4) the Under Secretary of Defense for Research and 
     Engineering;''; and
       (C) by redesignating paragraphs (4) through (13) as 
     paragraphs (5) through (14), respectively.
       (9) Section 171a of title 10, United States Code, is 
     amended--
       (A) in subsection (b)(2), by striking ``Under Secretary of 
     Defense for Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics'' and 
     inserting ``Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and 
     Sustainment'';
       (B) by inserting after subsection (b)(2) the following new 
     paragraph:
       ``(3) the Under Secretary of Defense for Research and 
     Engineering;'';
       (C) in subsection (b), by redesignating paragraphs (3) 
     through (7) as paragraphs (4) through (8), respectively; and
       (D) in subsection (c), by striking ``Under Secretary of 
     Defense for Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics'' and 
     inserting ``Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and 
     Sustainment''.
       (10) Subsection (d)(1) of section 181 of title 10, United 
     States Code, is amended--
       (A) in subparagraph (C), by striking ``Under Secretary of 
     Defense for Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics'' and 
     inserting ``Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and 
     Sustainment'';
       (B) by inserting after subparagraph (C) the following new 
     subparagraph:
       ``(D) the Under Secretary of Defense for Research and 
     Engineering.''; and
       (C) by redesignating paragraphs (D) through (G) as 
     paragraphs (E) through (H), respectively.
       (11) Subsection (b)(2) of section 393 of title 10, United 
     States Code, is amended--
       (A) in subparagraph (B), by striking ``Under Secretary of 
     Defense for Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics'' and 
     inserting ``Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and 
     Sustainment'';
       (B) by inserting after subparagraph (B) the following new 
     subparagraph:
       ``(C) the Under Secretary of Defense for Research and 
     Engineering.''; and
       (C) by redesignating subparagraphs (C) through (E) as 
     subparagraphs (D) through (F).
       (12) Section 1111 of the National Defense Authorization Act 
     for Fiscal Year 2016 (Public law 114-92; 129 Stat. 1032; 10 
     U.S.C. 1701 note) is amended by striking ``Under Secretary of 
     Defense for Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics'' each 
     place such term appears and inserting ``Under Secretary of 
     Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment''.
       (13) Section 231(a) of the National Defense Authorization 
     Act for Fiscal Year 2008 (Public law 110-181; 122 Stat. 45; 
     10 U.S.C. 1701 note) is amended by striking ``Under Secretary 
     of Defense for Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics'' and 
     inserting ``Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and 
     Sustainment''.
       (14) Section 1702 of title 10, United States Code, is 
     amended--
       (A) in the heading, by striking ``Under Secretary of 
     Defense for Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics'' and 
     inserting ``Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and 
     Sustainment'';
       (B) in the section text, by striking ``Under Secretary of 
     Defense for Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics'' and 
     inserting ``Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and 
     Sustainment''.
       (15) Section 807(a) of the Bob Stump National Defense 
     Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2003 (Public Law 107-314; 
     116 Stat. 2608; 10 U.S.C. 1702 note) is amended by striking 
     ``Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition, Technology, and 
     Logistics'' and inserting ``Under Secretary of Defense for 
     Acquisition and Sustainment''.
       (16) Section 1705 of title 10, United Stats Code, is 
     amended--
       (A) in subsection (c), by striking ``Under Secretary of 
     Defense for Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics'' and 
     inserting ``Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and 
     Sustainment'';
       (B) in subsection (e)(3), by striking ``Under Secretary of 
     Defense for Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics'' and 
     inserting ``Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and 
     Sustainment''; and
       (C) in subsection (g)(2)(B), by striking ``Under Secretary 
     of Defense for Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics'' and 
     inserting ``Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and 
     Sustainment''.
       (17) Section 803(c) of the National Defense Authorization 
     Act for Fiscal Year 2013 (Public Law 112-239; 126 Stat. 1825; 
     10 U.S.C. 1705 note) is amended by striking ``Under Secretary 
     of Defense for Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics'' and 
     inserting ``Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and 
     Sustainment''.
       (18) Section 1722 of title 10, United States Code, is 
     amended--
       (A) in subsection (a), by striking ``Under Secretary of 
     Defense for Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics'' and 
     inserting ``Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and 
     Sustainment''; and
       (B) in subsection (b)(2)(B), by striking ``Under Secretary 
     of Defense for Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics'' and 
     inserting ``Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and 
     Sustainment''.
       (19) Section 1722a of title 10, United States Code, is 
     amended--
       (A) in subsection (a), by striking ``Under Secretary of 
     Defense for Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics'' and 
     inserting ``Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and 
     Sustainment''; and
       (B) in subsection (e), by striking ``Under Secretary of 
     Defense for Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics'' and 
     inserting ``Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and 
     Sustainment''.
       (20) Section 1722b(a) of title 10, United States Code, is 
     amended by striking ``Under Secretary of Defense for 
     Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics'' and inserting 
     ``Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and 
     Sustainment''.
       (21) Section 1723 of title 10, United States Code, is 
     amended--
       (A) in subsection (a)(3), by striking ``Under Secretary of 
     Defense for Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics'' and 
     inserting ``Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and 
     Sustainment''; and
       (B) in subsection (b), by striking ``Under Secretary of 
     Defense for Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics'' and 
     inserting ``Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and 
     Sustainment''.
       (22) Section 1725(e)(2) of title 10, United States Code, is 
     amended by striking ``Under Secretary of Defense for 
     Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics'' and inserting 
     ``Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and 
     Sustainment''.
       (23) Section 1735(c)(1) of title 10, United States Code, is 
     amended by striking ``Under Secretary of Defense for 
     Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics'' and inserting 
     ``Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and 
     Sustainment''.
       (24) Section 1737(c) of title 10, United States Code, is 
     amended by striking ``Under Secretary of Defense for 
     Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics'' and inserting 
     ``Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and 
     Sustainment''.
       (25) Section 1741(b) of title 10, United States Code, is 
     amended by striking ``Under Secretary of Defense for 
     Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics'' and inserting 
     ``Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and 
     Sustainment''.
       (26) Section 1746(a) of title 10, United States Code, is 
     amended by striking ``Under Secretary of Defense for 
     Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics'' and inserting 
     ``Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and 
     Sustainment''.
       (27) Section 1748 of title 10, United States Code, is 
     amended by striking ``Under Secretary of Defense for 
     Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics'' and inserting 
     ``Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and 
     Sustainment''.
       (28) Section 2222 of title 10, United States Code, is 
     amended--

[[Page H5408]]

       (A) in subsection (c)(2), by striking ``Under Secretary of 
     Defense for Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics'' and 
     inserting ``Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and 
     Sustainment''; and
       (B) in subsection (f)(2)(B)(i), by striking ``Under 
     Secretary of Defense for Acquisition, Technology, and 
     Logistics'' and inserting ``Under Secretary of Defense for 
     Acquisition and Sustainment''.
       (29) Section 217(a) of the National Defense Authorization 
     Act for Fiscal Year 2016 (Public Law 114-92; 129 Stat. 770; 
     10 U.S.C. 2222 note) is amended by striking ``Under Secretary 
     of Defense for Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics'' and 
     inserting ``Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and 
     Sustainment''.
       (30) Section 882(b) of the Ike Skelton National Defense 
     Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2011 (Public Law 111-383; 
     128 Stat. 4308; 10 U.S.C. 2222 note) is amended by striking 
     ``Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition, Technology, and 
     Logistics'' and inserting ``Under Secretary of Defense for 
     Acquisition and Sustainment''.
       (31) Section 2272 of title 10, United States Code, is 
     amended by striking ``Assistant Secretary of Defense for 
     Research and Engineering'' and inserting ``Under Secretary of 
     Defense for Research and Engineering''.
       (32) Section 2275(a) of title 10, United States Code, is 
     amended by striking ``Under Secretary of Defense for 
     Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics'' and inserting 
     ``Under Secretary of Defense for Research and Engineering''.
       (33) Section 2279(d) of title 10, United States Code, is 
     amended by striking ``Under Secretary of Defense for 
     Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics'' and inserting 
     ``Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and 
     Sustainment''.
       (34) Section 2279b of title 10, United States Code, is 
     amended--
       (A) in subsection (b)--
       (i) in paragraph (2), by striking ``Under Secretary of 
     Defense for Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics'' and 
     inserting ``Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and 
     Sustainment'';
       (ii) by redesignating paragraphs (3) through (10) as 
     paragraphs (4) through (11), respectively; and
       (iii) by inserting after paragraph (2) the following new 
     paragraph:
       ``(3) the Under Secretary of Defense for Research and 
     Engineering.''; and
       (B) in subsection (c), by striking ``Under Secretary of 
     Defense for Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics'' and 
     inserting ``Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and 
     Sustainment''.
       (35) Section 898(a)(2) of the National Defense 
     Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328; 
     130 Stat. 2000; 10 U.S.C. 2302 note) is amended by striking 
     ``Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition, Technology, and 
     Logistics'' each place such term appears and inserting 
     ``Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and 
     Sustainment''.
       (36) Section 804 of the National Defense Authorization Act 
     for Fiscal Year 2016 (Public Law 114-92; 129 Stat. 726; 10 
     U.S.C. 2302 note) is amended by striking ``Under Secretary of 
     Defense for Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics'' each 
     place such term appears and inserting ``Under Secretary of 
     Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment''.
       (37) Section 852 of the Carl Levin and Howard P. ``Buck'' 
     McKeon National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 
     2015 (Public Law 113-291; 130 Stat. 3458; 10 U.S.C. 2302 
     note) is amended by striking ``Under Secretary of Defense for 
     Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics'' and inserting 
     ``Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and 
     Sustainment''.
       (38) Section 806 of the National Defense Authorization Act 
     for Fiscal Year 2012 (Public Law 112-81; 125 Stat. 1487; 10 
     U.S.C. 2302 note) is amended by striking ``Under Secretary of 
     Defense for Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics'' each 
     place such term appears and inserting ``Under Secretary of 
     Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment''.
       (39) Section 843 of the National Defense Authorization Act 
     for Fiscal Year 2012 (Public Law 112-81; 125 Stat. 1487; 10 
     U.S.C. 2302 note) is amended by striking ``Under Secretary of 
     Defense for Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics'' and 
     inserting ``Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and 
     Sustainment''.
       (40) Section 254(b) of the Duncan Hunter National Defense 
     Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2009 (Public Law 110-417; 
     122 Stat. 4402; 10 U.S.C. 2302 note) is amended by striking 
     ``Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition, Technology, and 
     Logistics'' and inserting ``Under Secretary of Defense for 
     Acquisition and Sustainment''.
       (41) Section 802(d) of the Ronald W. Reagan National 
     Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2005 (Public Law 
     108-375; 118 Stat. 2004; 10 U.S.C. 2302 note) is amended by 
     striking ``Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition, 
     Technology, and Logistics'' each place such term appears and 
     inserting ``Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and 
     Sustainment''.
       (42) Section 244 of the Bob Stump National Defense 
     Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2003 (Public Law 107-314; 
     116 Stat. 2498; 10 U.S.C. 2302 note) is amended by striking 
     ``Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition, Technology, and 
     Logistics'' each place such term appears and inserting 
     ``Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and 
     Sustainment''.
       (43) Section 804(c) of the Bob Stump National Defense 
     Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2003 (Public Law 107-314; 
     116 Stat. 2605; 10 U.S.C. 2302 note) is amended by striking 
     ``Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition, Technology, and 
     Logistics'' each place such term appears and inserting 
     ``Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and 
     Sustainment''.
       (44) Section 2304 of title 10, United States Code, is 
     amended by striking ``Under Secretary of Defense for 
     Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics'' each place such term 
     appears and inserting ``Under Secretary of Defense for 
     Acquisition and Sustainment''.
       (45) Section 895 of the National Defense Authorization Act 
     for Fiscal Year 2016 (Public Law 114-92; 129 Stat. 954; 10 
     U.S.C. 2304 note) is amended by striking ``Under Secretary of 
     Defense for Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics'' each 
     place such term appears and inserting ``Under Secretary of 
     Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment''.
       (46) Section 806(b) of the Ike Skelton National Defense 
     Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2011 (Public Law 111-383; 
     124 Stat. 4260; 10 U.S.C. 2304 note) is amended by striking 
     ``Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition, Technology, and 
     Logistics'' each place such term appears and inserting 
     ``Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and 
     Sustainment''.
       (47) Section 821(a) of the National Defense Authorization 
     Act for Fiscal Year 2008 (Public Law 110-181; 122 Stat. 226; 
     10 U.S.C. 2304 note) is amended by striking ``Under Secretary 
     of Defense for Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics'' and 
     inserting ``Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and 
     Sustainment''.
       (48) Section 801(b)(2)(B) of the National Defense 
     Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2008 (Public Law 110-181; 
     122 Stat. 204; 10 U.S.C. 2304 note) is amended by striking 
     ``Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition, Technology, and 
     Logistics'' and inserting ``Under Secretary of Defense for 
     Acquisition and Sustainment''.
       (49) Section 817(e) of the John Warner National Defense 
     Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2007 (Public Law 109-364; 
     120 Stat. 2326; 10 U.S.C. 2304 note) is amended by striking 
     ``Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition, Technology, and 
     Logistics'' and inserting ``Under Secretary of Defense for 
     Acquisition and Sustainment''.
       (50) Section 811(e)(1) of the National Defense 
     Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2006 (Public Law 109-163; 
     120 Stat. 2326; 10 U.S.C. 2304 note) is amended by striking 
     ``Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition, Technology, and 
     Logistics'' and inserting ``Under Secretary of Defense for 
     Acquisition and Sustainment''.
       (51) Section 875 of the National Defense Authorization Act 
     for Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328; 130 Stat. 2310; 10 
     U.S.C. 2305 note) is amended--
       (A) in subsection (b)(2), by striking ``Under Secretary of 
     Defense for Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics'' and 
     inserting ``Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and 
     Sustainment'';
       (B) in subsection (c), by striking ``Under Secretary of 
     Defense for Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics'' and 
     inserting ``Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and 
     Sustainment'';
       (C) in subsection (d), by striking ``The Under Secretary 
     for Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics'' and inserting 
     ``The Under Secretary of Defense for Research and 
     Engineering''; and
       (D) in subsection (e) through (f), by striking ``Under 
     Secretary of Defense for Acquisition, Technology, and 
     Logistics'' and inserting ``Under Secretary of Defense for 
     Acquisition and Sustainment''.
       (52) Section 888(b)(1) of the National Defense 
     Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328; 
     130 Stat. 2322; 10 U.S.C. 2305 note) is amended by striking 
     ``Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition, Technology, and 
     Logistics'' and inserting ``Under Secretary of Defense for 
     Acquisition and Sustainment''.
       (53) Section 829(b)(1) of the National Defense 
     Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328; 
     130 Stat. 2281; 10 U.S.C. 2306 note) is amended by striking 
     ``Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition, Technology, and 
     Logistics'' and inserting ``Under Secretary of Defense for 
     Acquisition and Sustainment''.
       (54) Section 2306b(i)(7) of title 10, United States Code, 
     is amended by striking ``Under Secretary of Defense for 
     Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics'' and inserting 
     ``Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and 
     Sustainment''.
       (55) Section 2311(c) of title 10, United States Code, is 
     amended--
       (A) in paragraph (1), by striking ``Under Secretary of 
     Defense for Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics'' and 
     inserting ``Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and 
     Sustainment''; and
       (B) in paragraph (2)(B), by striking ``Under Secretary of 
     Defense for Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics'' and 
     inserting ``Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and 
     Sustainment''.
       (56) Section 824(a) of the Ike Skelton National Defense 
     Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2011 (Public Law 111-383; 
     124 Stat. 4269; 10 U.S.C. 2320 note) is amended by striking 
     ``Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition, Technology, and 
     Logistics'' and inserting ``Under Secretary of Defense for 
     Acquisition and Sustainment''.
       (57) Section 2326(g) of title 10, United States Code, is 
     amended by striking ``Under Secretary of Defense for 
     Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics'' and inserting 
     ``Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and 
     Sustainment''.
       (58) Section 2330 of title 10, United States Code, is 
     amended--
       (A) in subsection (a)(1), by striking ``Under Secretary of 
     Defense for Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics'' and 
     inserting ``Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and 
     Sustainment'';
       (B) in subsection (a)(3), by striking ``Under Secretary of 
     Defense for Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics'' and 
     inserting ``Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and 
     Sustainment'';
       (C) in subsection (b)(2), by striking ``Under Secretary of 
     Defense for Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics'' and 
     inserting ``Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and 
     Sustainment''; and
       (D) in subsection (b)(3)(A), by striking ``Under Secretary 
     of Defense for Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics'' and 
     inserting ``Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and 
     Sustainment''.

[[Page H5409]]

       (59) Section 882 of the National Defense Authorization Act 
     for Fiscal Year 2016 (Public Law 114-92; 129 Stat. 942; 10 
     U.S.C. 2330 note) is amended in the matter preceding 
     paragraph (1) by striking ``Under Secretary of Defense for 
     Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics'' and inserting 
     ``Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and 
     Sustainment''.
       (60) Section 801(b)(2)(B) of the National Defense 
     Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2002 (Public Law 107-107; 
     115 Stat. 1176; 10 U.S.C. 2330 note) is amended by striking 
     ``Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition, Technology, and 
     Logistics'' and inserting ``Under Secretary of Defense for 
     Acquisition and Sustainment''.
       (61) Section 2334 of title 10, United States Code, is 
     amended by striking ``Under Secretary of Defense for 
     Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics'' each place such term 
     appears and inserting ``Under Secretary of Defense for 
     Acquisition and Sustainment''.
       (62) Section 2350a(b)(2) of title 10, United States Code, 
     is amended by striking ``Under Secretary of Defense for 
     Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics, and the Assistant 
     Secretary of Defense for Research and Engineering'' and 
     inserting ``Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and 
     Sustainment, and the Under Secretary of Defense for Research 
     and Engineering''.
       (63) Section 2359(b)(1) of title 10, United States Code, is 
     amended by striking ``Under Secretary of Defense for 
     Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics'' and inserting 
     ``Under Secretary of Defense for Research and Engineering''.
       (64) Section 2359b of title 10, United States Code, is 
     amended--
       (A) in subsection (a)(1), by striking ``Under Secretary of 
     Defense for Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics'' and 
     inserting ``Under Secretary of Defense for Research and 
     Engineering''; and
       (B) in subsection (l)(1), by striking ``Under Secretary of 
     Defense for Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics'' and 
     inserting ``Under Secretary of Defense for Research and 
     Engineering''.
       (65) Section 2365 of title 10, United States Code, is 
     amended--
       (A) by striking ``Assistant Secretary'' each place it 
     appears and inserting ``Under Secretary''; and
       (B) in subsection (d), by striking paragraph (3).
       (66) Section 2375 of title 10, United States Code, is 
     amended by striking ``Under Secretary of Defense for 
     Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics'' each place such term 
     appears and inserting ``Under Secretary of Defense for 
     Acquisition and Sustainment''.
       (67) Section 874(b)(1) of the National Defense 
     Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328; 
     130 Stat. 2310; 10 U.S.C. 2375 note) is amended by striking 
     ``Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition, Technology, and 
     Logistics'' and inserting ``Under Secretary of Defense for 
     Acquisition and Sustainment''.
       (68) Section 876 of the National Defense Authorization Act 
     for Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328; 130 Stat. 2311; 10 
     U.S.C. 2377 note) is amended by striking ``Under Secretary of 
     Defense for Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics'' and 
     inserting ``Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and 
     Sustainment''.
       (69) Section 855 of the National Defense Authorization Act 
     for Fiscal Year 2016 (Public Law 114-92; 129 Stat. 919; 10 
     U.S.C. 2377 note) is amended by striking ``Under Secretary of 
     Defense for Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics'' each 
     place such term appears and inserting ``Under Secretary of 
     Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment''.
       (70) Section 856(a)(2)(B) of the National Defense 
     Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2016 (Public Law 114-92; 
     129 Stat. 920; 10 U.S.C. 2377 note) is amended by striking 
     ``Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition, Technology, and 
     Logistics'' and inserting ``Under Secretary of Defense for 
     Acquisition and Sustainment''.
       (71) Section 2399(b)(3) of title 10, United States Code, is 
     amended by striking ``Under Secretary of Defense for 
     Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics,'' and inserting 
     ``Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment, 
     the Under Secretary of Defense for Research and 
     Engineering,''.
       (72) Section 2419(a)(1) of title 10, United States Code, is 
     amended by striking ``Under Secretary of Defense for 
     Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics'' and inserting 
     ``Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and 
     Sustainment''.
       (73) Section 825(c)(2) of the National Defense 
     Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2016 (Public Law 114-92; 
     129 Stat. 908; 10 U.S.C. 2430 note) is amended by striking 
     ``Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition, Technology, and 
     Logistics'' and inserting ``Under Secretary of Defense for 
     Acquisition and Sustainment''.
       (74) Section 826(e) of the National Defense Authorization 
     Act for Fiscal Year 2016 (Public Law 114-92; 129 Stat. 908; 
     10 U.S.C. 2430 note) is amended by striking ``Under Secretary 
     of Defense for Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics'' and 
     inserting ``Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and 
     Sustainment''.
       (75) Section 827(e) of the National Defense Authorization 
     Act for Fiscal Year 2016 (Public Law 114-92; 129 Stat. 909; 
     10 U.S.C. 2430 note) is amended by striking ``Under Secretary 
     of Defense for Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics'' and 
     inserting ``Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and 
     Sustainment''.
       (76) Section 811(b) of the National Defense Authorization 
     Act for Fiscal Year 2013 (Public Law 112-239; 126 Stat. 1828; 
     10 U.S.C. 2430 note) is amended--
       (A) in paragraph (1), by striking ``if the Under Secretary 
     of Defense for Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics'' and 
     inserting ``if the service acquisition executive, in the case 
     of a major defense acquisition program of the military 
     department, or the Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition 
     and Sustainment, in the case of a Defense-wide or Defense 
     Agency major defense acquisition program,''; and
       (B) in paragraph (2), by inserting ``the service 
     acquisition executive or'' before ``the Under Secretary'' 
     each place such term appears.
       (77) Section 812(a) of the National Defense Authorization 
     Act for Fiscal Year 2013 (Public Law 112-239; 126 Stat. 1829; 
     10 U.S.C. 2430 note) is amended by striking ``Under Secretary 
     of Defense for Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics'' and 
     inserting ``Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and 
     Sustainment''.
       (78) Section 814 of the Duncan Hunter National Defense 
     Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2009 (Public Law 115-91; 
     131 Stat. 1467; 10 U.S.C. 2430 note) is amended--
       (A) in subsection (b), by striking paragraph (2) and 
     inserting the following new paragraphs:
       ``(2) Required members.--Each Configuration Steering Board 
     under this section shall include a representative of the 
     following:
       ``(A) The Chief of Staff of the Armed Force concerned.
       ``(B) The Comptroller of the military department concerned.
       ``(C) The military deputy to the service acquisition 
     executive concerned.
       ``(D) The program executive officer for the major defense 
     acquisition program concerned.
       ``(3) Additional members.--In addition to the members 
     required in paragraph (2), when the milestone decision 
     authority for a major defense acquisition program is the 
     Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment, 
     each Configuration Steering Board under this section shall 
     also include a representative of the following:
       ``(A) The Office of the Under Secretary of Defense for 
     Acquisition and Sustainment.
       ``(B) Other armed forces, as appropriate.
       ``(C) The Joint Staff.
       ``(D) Other senior representatives of the Office of the 
     Secretary of Defense and the military department concerned, 
     as appropriate.''; and
       (B) in subsection (c)(5)(B), by striking ``Under Secretary 
     of Defense for Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics'' and 
     inserting ``service acquisition executive''.
       (79) Section 801(a)(1) of the John Warner National Defense 
     Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2007 (Public Law 109-364; 
     120 Stat. 2312; 10 U.S.C. 2430 note) is amended by striking 
     ``Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition, Technology, and 
     Logistics'' and inserting ``Under Secretary of Defense for 
     Acquisition and Sustainment''.
       (80) Section 924 of the National Defense Authorization Act 
     for Fiscal Year 2004 (Public Law 108-136; 117 Stat. 1576; 10 
     U.S.C. 2430 note) is amended by striking ``Under Secretary of 
     Defense for Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics'' each 
     place it appears and inserting ``Under Secretary of Defense 
     for Acquisition and Sustainment''.
       (81) Section 1675(a) of the National Defense Authorization 
     Act for Fiscal Year 2016 (Public Law 114-92; 192 Stat. 1131; 
     10 U.S.C. 2431 note) is amended by striking ``Under Secretary 
     of Defense for Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics'' and 
     inserting ``the Under Secretary of Defense for Research and 
     Engineering''.
       (82) Section 2431a(b) of title 10, United States Code, is 
     amended by striking ``Under Secretary of Defense for 
     Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics'' and inserting 
     ``Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and 
     Sustainment''.
       (83) Section 2435 of title 10, United States Code, is 
     amended by striking--
       (A) in subsection (b), by striking ``Under Secretary of 
     Defense for Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics'' and 
     inserting ``service acquisition executive, in the case of a 
     major defense acquisition program of a military department, 
     or the Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and 
     Sustainment, in the case of a Defense-wide or Defense Agency 
     major defense acquisition program''; and
       (B) in subsection (e)(2), by striking ``Under Secretary of 
     Defense for Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics'' and 
     inserting ``Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and 
     Sustainment''.
       (84) Section 2438(b) of title 10, United States Code, is 
     amended--
       (A) in paragraph (1), by striking ``Under Secretary of 
     Defense for Acquisition, Technology and Logistics'' and 
     inserting ``Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and 
     Sustainment''; and
       (B) in paragraph (2), by striking ``Under Secretary of 
     Defense for Acquisition, Technology and Logistics'' and 
     inserting ``Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and 
     Sustainment''.
       (85) Section 2448b(a) of title 10, United States Code, is 
     amended in the matter preceding paragraph (1) by inserting 
     ``by an independent organization selected by the service 
     acquisition executive'' after ``conducted''.
       (86) Section 2503(b) of title 10, United States Code, is 
     amended by striking ``Under Secretary of Defense for 
     Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics'' and inserting 
     ``Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and 
     Sustainment''.
       (87) Section 2508(b) of title 10, United States Code, is 
     amended by striking ``Under Secretary of Defense for 
     Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics'' and inserting 
     ``Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and 
     Sustainment''.
       (88) Section 2521 of title 10, United States Code, is 
     amended--
       (A) in subsection (a), by striking ``The Under Secretary of 
     Defense for Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics'' and 
     inserting ``The Under Secretary of Defense for Research and 
     Engineering'';
       (B) in subsection (e)(4)(D), by striking ``Under Secretary 
     of Defense for Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics'' and 
     inserting ``Under Secretary of Defense for Research and 
     Engineering''; and
       (C) in subsection (e)(5), by striking ``Under Secretary of 
     Defense for Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics'' and 
     inserting ``Under

[[Page H5410]]

     Secretary of Defense for Research and Engineering''.
       (89) Section 2533b(k)(2)(A) of title 10, United States 
     Code, is amended by striking ``Under Secretary of Defense for 
     Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics'' and inserting 
     ``Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and 
     Sustainment''.
       (90) Section 2546 of title 10, United States Code, is 
     amended--
       (A) in the heading of subsection (a), by striking ``Under 
     Secretary of Defense for Acquisition, Technology, and 
     Logistics'' and inserting ``Under Secretary of Defense for 
     Acquisition and Sustainment'';
       (B) in subsection (a), by striking ``Under Secretary of 
     Defense for Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics'' and 
     inserting ``Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and 
     Sustainment''; and
       (C) in subsection (b), by striking ``Under Secretary of 
     Defense for Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics'' and 
     inserting ``Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and 
     Sustainment''.
       (91) Section 2548 of title 10, United States Code, is 
     amended--
       (A) in subsection (a), by striking ``Under Secretary of 
     Defense for Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics'' and 
     inserting ``Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and 
     Sustainment''; and
       (B) in subsection (c)(8), by striking ``Under Secretary of 
     Defense for Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics'' and 
     inserting ``Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and 
     Sustainment''.
       (92) Section 2902(b) of title 10, United States Code, is 
     amended--
       (A) in paragraph (1), by striking ``Office of the Assistant 
     Secretary of Defense for Research and Engineering'' and 
     inserting ``Office of the Secretary of Defense for Research 
     and Engineering''; and
       (B) in paragraph (3), by striking ``Office of the Under 
     Secretary of Defense for Acquisition, Technology, and 
     Logistics'' and inserting ``Office of the Under Secretary of 
     Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment''.
       (93) Section 2824(d) of the National Defense Authorization 
     Act for Fiscal Year 2013 (Public law 112-239; 126 Stat. 2154; 
     10 U.S.C. 2911 note) is amended by striking ``Under Secretary 
     of Defense for Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics and the 
     Assistant Secretary of Defense for Energy, Installations, and 
     Environment'' and inserting ``Under Secretary of Defense for 
     Acquisition and Sustainment''.
       (94) Section 315(d) of the National Defense Authorization 
     Act for Fiscal Year 2012 (Public law 112-81; 125 Stat. 1357; 
     10 U.S.C. 2911 note) is amended by striking ``Under Secretary 
     of Defense for Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics'' and 
     inserting ``Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and 
     Sustainment''.
       (95) Section 2926(e)(5)(D) of title 10, United States Code, 
     is amended by striking ``Under Secretary of Defense for 
     Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics'' and inserting 
     ``Under Secretary for Defense for Acquisition and 
     Sustainment''.
       (96) Section 836(a)(2) of the National Defense 
     Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2012 (Public Law 112-81; 
     125 Stat. 1508; 22 U.S.C. 2767 note) is amended by striking 
     ``the Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition, Technology, 
     and Logistics, the Assistant Secretary of Defense for 
     Research,'' and inserting ``the Under Secretary of Defense 
     for Acquisition and Sustainment, the Under Secretary of 
     Defense for Research and Engineering,''.
       (97) Section 7103(d)(7)(M)(v) of title 22, United States 
     Code, is amended by striking ``Under Secretary of Defense for 
     Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics'' and inserting 
     ``Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and 
     Sustainment''.
       (98) Section 1126(a)(3) of title 31, United States Code, is 
     amended by striking ``Under Secretary of Defense for 
     Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics'' and inserting 
     ``Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and 
     Sustainment''.
       (99) Section 11319(d)(4) of title 40, United States Code, 
     is amended by striking ``Under Secretary of Defense for 
     Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics'' and inserting 
     ``Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and 
     Sustainment''.
       (100) Section 1302(b)(2)(A)(i) of title 41, United States 
     Code, is amended by striking ``Under Secretary of Defense for 
     Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics'' and inserting 
     ``Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and 
     Sustainment''.
       (101) Section 809 of the National Defense Authorization Act 
     for Fiscal Years 1992 and 1993 (Public Law 102-190; 105 Stat. 
     1423; 41 U.S.C. 1302 note) is amended by striking ``Under 
     Secretary of Defense for Acquisition, Technology, and 
     Logistics'' and inserting ``Under Secretary of Defense for 
     Acquisition and Sustainment''.
       (102) Section 1311(b)(3) of title 41, United States Code, 
     is amended by striking ``Under Secretary of Defense for 
     Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics'' and inserting 
     ``Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and 
     Sustainment''.
       (103) Section 98f(a)(3) of title 50, United States Code, is 
     amended by striking ``Under Secretary of Defense for 
     Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics'' and inserting 
     ``Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and 
     Sustainment''.
       (104) Section 1521 of title 50, United States Code, is 
     amended--
       (A) in subsection (f)(1), by striking ``Under Secretary of 
     Defense for Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics'' and 
     inserting ``Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and 
     Sustainment''; and
       (B) in subsection (g)(2), by striking ``Under Secretary of 
     Defense for Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics'' and 
     inserting ``Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and 
     Sustainment.''.
       (k) Requirements for the National Security Strategy for 
     National Technology and Industrial Base.--
       (1) National security strategy for national technology and 
     industrial base.--Section 2501(a) of title 10, United States 
     Code, is amended by inserting after the first sentence the 
     following new sentence: ``The Secretary shall submit such 
     strategy to Congress not later than 180 days after the date 
     of submission of the national security strategy report 
     required under section 108 of the National Security Act of 
     1947 (50 U.S.C. 3043).''.
       (2) Annual report to congress.--Section 2504(3) of title 
     10, United States Code, is amended--
       (A) in the matter preceding subparagraph (A), by inserting 
     ``executive order or'' after ``pursuant to'';
       (B) by amending subparagraph (A) to read as follows:
       ``(A) prioritized list of gaps or vulnerabilities in the 
     national technology and industrial base, including--
       ``(i) a description of mitigation strategies necessary to 
     address such gaps or vulnerabilities;
       ``(ii) the identification of the individual responsible for 
     addressing such gaps or vulnerabilities; and
       ``(iii) a proposed timeline for action to address gaps or 
     vulnerabilities.''.
       (l) Establishment of Center for Acquisition Innovation.--
       (1) Establishment of center for acquisition innovation.--
       (A) In general.--Chapter 97 of title 10, United States 
     Code, is amended by inserting after section 1746 the 
     following new section:

     ``Sec. 1746a. Center for Acquisition Innovation

       ``(a) Establishment.--The Secretary of Defense, acting 
     through the Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and 
     Sustainment, shall establish and maintain a Center for 
     Acquisition Innovation (hereinafter referred to as the 
     `Center') at the Naval Postgraduate School. The Center shall 
     operate as an academic entity specializing in innovation 
     relating to the defense acquisition system.
       ``(b) Mission.--(1) The mission of the Center is to provide 
     to policymakers in the Department of Defense, Congress, and 
     throughout the Government, academic analyses and policy 
     alternatives for innovation in the defense acquisition 
     system. The Center shall accomplish that mission by a variety 
     of means intended to widely disseminate the research findings 
     of the Center.
       ``(2) In carrying out the mission under paragraph (1), the 
     Center shall, on an ongoing basis, review the statutes and 
     regulations applicable to the defense acquisition system. The 
     objective of such review is to provide policy alternatives 
     for streamlining and improving the efficiency and 
     effectiveness of the defense acquisition process in order to 
     ensure a defense technology advantage for the United States 
     over potential adversaries.
       ``(c) Implementation Review of Section 809 Panel 
     Recommendations and Center Policy Alternatives.--(1) The 
     Center shall, on an ongoing basis, review implementation of 
     the recommendations of the Section 809 Panel and policy 
     alternatives provided by the Center. As part of such review, 
     the Center shall--
       ``(A) for recommendations or policy alternatives for the 
     enactment of legislation, identify whether (or to what 
     extent) the recommendations or policy alternatives have been 
     adopted by being enacted into law by Congress;
       ``(B) for recommendations or policy alternatives for the 
     issuance of regulations, identify whether (or to what extent) 
     the recommendations or policy alternatives have been adopted 
     through issuance of new agency or Government-wide 
     regulations; and
       ``(C) for recommendations or policy alternatives for 
     revisions to policies and procedures in the executive branch, 
     identify whether (or to what extent) the recommendations or 
     policy alternatives have been adopted through issuance of an 
     appropriate implementing directive or other form of guidance.
       ``(2) In this subsection, the term `Section 809 Panel' 
     means the panel established by the Secretary of Defense 
     pursuant to section 809 of the National Defense Authorization 
     Act for Fiscal Year 2016 (Public Law 114-92), as amended by 
     section 863(d) of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
     Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328) and sections 803(c) and 
     883 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 
     2018 (Public Law 115-91).
       ``(d) Funding.--There shall be available for the Center for 
     any fiscal year from the Defense Acquisition Workforce and 
     Development Fund not less than the amount of $3,000,000 (in 
     fiscal year 2019 constant dollars), in addition to any other 
     amount available for that fiscal year for the Naval 
     Postgraduate School.
       ``(e) Annual Report.--(1) Not later than September 30 each 
     year, the Center shall submit to the Secretary of Defense, 
     who shall forward to the Committees on Armed Services of the 
     Senate and House of Representatives, a report describing the 
     activities of the Center during the previous year and 
     providing the findings, analysis, and policy alternatives of 
     the Center relating to the defense acquisition system.
       ``(2) Each such report shall be submitted in accordance 
     with paragraph (1) without further review within the 
     executive branch.
       ``(3) Each report under paragraph (1) shall include the 
     following:
       ``(A) Results of academic research and analysis.
       ``(B) Results of the implementation reviews conducted 
     pursuant to subsection (d).
       ``(C) Policy alternatives for such legislative and 
     executive branch action as the Center considers warranted.
       ``(D) Specific implementation language for any statutory 
     changes recommended.
       ``(f) Definition.--In this section, the term `defense 
     acquisition system' has the meaning given that term in 
     section 2545(2) of this title.''.

[[Page H5411]]

       (B) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at the 
     beginning of such chapter is amended by inserting after the 
     item relating to section 2165 the following new item:

``1746a. Center for Acquisition Innovation.''.
       (2) Deadline for implementation.--The Secretary of Defense 
     shall establish the Center for Acquisition Innovation under 
     section 1746a of title 10, United States Code, as added by 
     subsection (a), not later than March 1, 2020. The first 
     Director of the Center shall be appointed not later than June 
     1, 2020, and the Center should be fully operational not later 
     than June 1, 2021.
       (3) Implementation report.--
       (A) In general.--Not later than January 1, 2021, the head 
     of the Center of Acquisition Innovation shall submit to the 
     Secretary of Defense a report setting forth the 
     organizational plan for the Center for Acquisition 
     Innovation, the proposed budget for the Center, and the 
     timetable for initial and full operations of the Center.
       (B) Transmittal.--The Secretary of Defense shall transmit 
     the report under paragraph (1), together with whatever 
     comments the Secretary considers appropriate, to the 
     Committee on Armed Services of the Senate and the Committee 
     on Armed Services of the House of Representatives not later 
     than February 1, 2021.
       (4) Records of the section 809 panel.--
       (A) Transfer and maintenance of records.--Following 
     termination of the Section 809 Panel, the records of the 
     panel shall be transferred to, and shall be maintained by, 
     the Defense Technical Information Center. Such transfer shall 
     be accomplished not later than August 1, 2019.
       (B) Status of records.--Working papers, records of 
     interview, and any other draft work products generated for 
     any purpose by the Section 809 Panel during its research are 
     covered by the deliberative process privilege exemption under 
     paragraph (5) of section 552(b) of title 5, United States 
     Code.
       (C) Definition.--In this section, the term ``Section 809 
     Panel'' means the panel established by the Secretary of 
     Defense pursuant to section 809 of the National Defense 
     Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2016 (Public Law 114-92), 
     as amended by section 863(d) of the National Defense 
     Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328) 
     and sections 803(c) and 883 of the National Defense 
     Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2018 (Public Law 115-91).

                  Subtitle F--Industrial Base Matters

     SEC. 871. CONSIDERATION OF SUBCONTRACTING TO MINORITY 
                   INSTITUTIONS.

       (a) In General.--Chapter 141 of title 10, United States 
     Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new 
     section:

     ``Sec. 2410t. Consideration of subcontracting to minority 
       institutions

       ``(a) Consideration of Subcontracting to Minority 
     Institutions.--The Secretary of Defense shall revise the 
     Department of Defense Supplement to the Federal Acquisition 
     Regulation to require that the system used by the Federal 
     Government to monitor or record contractor past performance 
     for a grant or contract awarded to an institution of higher 
     education includes incentives for the award of a sub-grant or 
     subcontract to minority institutions.
       ``(b) Minority Institution Defined.--In this section, the 
     term `minority institution' means--
       ``(1) a part B institution (as that term is defined in 
     section 322(2) of the Higher Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 
     1061(2)); or
       ``(2) any other institution of higher education (as that 
     term is defined in section 101 of such Act (20 U.S.C. 1001)) 
     at which not less than 50 percent of the total student 
     enrollment consists of students from ethnic groups that are 
     underrepresented in the fields of science and engineering.''.
       (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the 
     beginning of such chapter is amended by adding at the end the 
     following new item:

``2410t. Consideration of subcontracting to minority institutions.''.

     SEC. 872. SIZE STANDARD CALCULATIONS FOR CERTAIN SMALL 
                   BUSINESS CONCERNS.

       (a) Clarifying Amendment to the Small Business Runway 
     Extension Act of 2018.--Section 3(a)(2)(C) of the Small 
     Business Act (15 U.S.C. 632(a)(2)(C)) is amended by inserting 
     ``(including the Administration when acting pursuant to 
     subparagraph (A))'' after ``no Federal department or 
     agency''.
       (b) Finalization of Small Business Runway Extension Act of 
     2018 Rules.--The Administrator of the Small Business 
     Administration shall issue a final rule implementing the 
     Small Business Runway Extension Act of 2018 (Public Law 115-
     324) not later than December 17, 2019.
       (c) Amendment to Size Standards for Certain Small Business 
     Concerns.--
       (1) Size standards for small business concerns providing 
     services.--Section 3(a)(2)(C)(ii)(II) of the Small Business 
     Act (15 U.S.C. 632(a)(2)(C)(ii)(II)) is amended by striking 
     ``not less than''.
       (2) Size standards for other business concerns.--Section 
     3(a)(2)(C)(ii)(III) of the Small Business Act (15 U.S.C. 
     632(a)(2)(C)(ii)(III)) is amended by striking ``not less than 
     3 years'' and inserting ``5 years''.
       (d) Transition Plan for the Small Business Runway Extension 
     Act of 2018.--
       (1) Plan required.--Not later than 90 days after the date 
     of the enactment of this Act, the Administrator of the Small 
     Business Administration shall implement a transition plan to 
     assist business concerns and Federal agencies with complianc